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Full text of "Chicago foreign language press survey [microform] : Czech"

III G BQHE3JIAK 
II B 2 d (1) 

IV Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 19, 1913. 

IMPORTANT A>3T0Ui:CSriEKT 

Last Sunday we started the publication of highly important articles dealing 
with the American Constitution, jurispinidence, and political organization. 
The author of these articles is Mr. Jaroslav F. Smetanka, a well-known 
student of such matters. His articles explain in an interesting and easy 
way all that is necessary to become an American citizen. It is not without 
a definite purpose that I\!r. Smetanka has taken upon himself to write these 
articles, and that we have opened our columns to them. 

The information offered in these articles is of great importance. Its value 
will be fully recognized by all candidates for citizenship when they will have 
to face the judge and answer his questions concerning the United States. He 
who is unable to give the correct answers cannot become an American citizen. 
We print Mr# Smetanka* s articles, knowing that we shall oblige all those who 
want to become citizens of the country which they have chosen as their new 

/o 



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III G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 
II B 2 d (1) 

IV Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 19, 1913. 

homeland. And that desire should be in all of us. 

In the first place, it is our moral duty. Furthermore, citizenship accords 
certain advantages, the lack of which — so frequently felt by those who are 
not citizens — is a natural result of indolence and indifference. For ex- 
ample, one advantage is a safe return to America from a trip to abroad. 
Without naturalization papers, even if a person had lived in the United 
States for many years, difficulties would be encountered on Ellis Island or 
in any other port of entry. Why not avoid such a danger when the solution 
is in our own hands? Or is it perhaps without advantage to exercise the 
rights of citizenship? 

Every good citizen participates in elections and votes for the candidate whom 
he considers worthy, one who can be expected to administer properly, honestly, 
and diligently his office of president, of governor, or whatever other federal, 
state, county, or municipal office will be filled by the election. It is up 



1 n.i.n. ^^ 



III G - 3 - BOHE!v!IAN 
II B 2 d (1) 

IV Denni IHasatel , Feb. 19, 1913. 

to you who are not yet citizens to take out citizenship papers, and in that 
way put yourselves in the position of casting your votes for men known for 
their uprightness, courage, and public spirit. Being a citizen offers an- 
other advantage. We know that there are among us many able and well-educated 
men who would worthily and honorably represent the Bohemian people if they 
could and would hold a public office. Our abilities and talents could command 
consideration when many a federal, state, county, or city job is to be filled. 
But this can be done only if we are citizens, because only a citizien may hold 
a public office. Some of our friends occupy positions of influence and would 
be glad to help us get such a job. But they cannot do anything for us as long 
as we have not received our citizenship. 

Citizenship carries many other advantages , and we could fill several columns 
in dealing with them. That, however, is not the purpose of this article. We 
would rather call the attention of our readers, and particularly those who 
have their first papers only, to something of much greater importance. 




III a - 4 - BOHg,TIAIT 
II B 2 d (1) 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 19, 1913. 

In June, 1906, Congress passed a law which invalidates any first paper — 
declaration of the intention to become a U, S. citizen — issued seven years 
or more ago. This means that the first citizenship paper of a person who 
did not apply for his second or final paper within seven years after its re- 
ceipt, becomes worthless. Its owner must again declare his intention to 
become an American citizen — get another first paper — and in due time there- 
after apply, in accordance with the law, for his second paper. Excluded 
from this provision are only such first papers which were issued to the owner 
prior to the year 1906. Since, however, the law which was in force at that 
time also limits the validity of the first paper to seven years, such papers 
will become invalid this year. Those who have a paper that old must lose no 
more time. The dead line is September 26 of this year. Those who do not ap- 
ply prior to or on this day will lose the right they have acquired so far. 

This warning is of particular importance to our countrymen who live in a state 
where the possession of the first paper entitles its owner to vote. They have 




Ill Q - 5 - BOHEaaiAH 

II B 2 d (1) 

rv Dennl Hlasatel , Feb, 19, 1913. 

a considerable advantage over us who are settled in the State of Illinois; 
they should see to it that their advantage is not lost through procrastination, 
Idling, not to say indifference. If they do not apply until September 26, they 
lose such rights of citizenship as they enjoy now. It is a generally known 
fact that the number of persons who have had nothing more than this first paper 
for many years is enormous; and they are not only in states where this paper 
brings voting privileges, but also here in Illinois. It is also generally known 
that the naturalization proceedings will be made more and more difficult grad- 
ually. Let us therefore get our citizenship now when the getting is easy, or 
at least not very difficult. V/e admonish you again and repeat our warning..... 



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BOiliL-iL-J^ 



III B 1 

III B 2 Donni Illasatel , Jaii. 22, 1915. 

III H 

IV ini^A jiTT.iCK CIT FOjIS OF rL-lICrR-irlOIT ^^ili-ULJ^D 
Cesko-.iiiiericka Narodni Rada aiid Sesko-.-Juericka Tiskova Kancelaf 

Join in Protest a-^ainst Bill Giving European CTOverix..ents 

Control of LiL^nigration 

As a result of the efforts of Senators LaFollette, 0* Gorman, Jtone, and 
others, the so-called "conference bill," v/hich is a coraproiaise betv/eon the 
Senate and the liouse on the Burnet t-Di 11 ini^ham Bill aimed at the restriction 
of imnigration, was defeated in Vjashin^ton last Londay. The bill has been 
returned to conference because of the Jenate's protest acrainst the article 
concernini^ the iimai grant * s good reputation. 

The adoption of this article ".:ould have made it necessary for immigrants 
from countries v^here certificates of good reput3are issued to emigrants to 
present their certificates upon arrival in i\merica, .ipparently, this article 
v/as directed against members of such societies as the Black Hand and Caraorra 




Ill - 2 - BCii3L:i;^ 

III B 1 

III B 2 Denni Klasatel , Jan. 22, l'J15. 

III H 

IV but it v7ould soon have becone a v/elcome means to all European 
{governments desirous to gain control over their emigrants. In 

Austria, for instance, v:here it is a crime to evade military service by 

emi/^rating from the country, all that v;ould be necessary to prevent *'oung 
men from emigra^^ing to the Initod otates, would be to pass a lav/ providing 
for the issuance of certificates of good rjpute. Obviously, because a 
certificate of good repute v;ould not be issued to a political crijainal, 
this bill would have provided the -.ustrian c.^overniient v/ith a powerful v/eap- 
on, and made of the .xaerican Crovernment an efficient police force for 
/lustria. 

This inhuman, un-.jiierican bill, v/hich -/ould, in effect, completely stop emi- 
grtttion from Russia by giving the Gzar^s .soverniaent complete control thereof, 
has stirred all v.iio have a sense of right and justice. The senators from 
states vjith a large population of immigr.ants have therefore received a groat 
number of telegr^ins urging them to prevent the passing of the bill. 




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Demii Illusaual, Jan. £2, li>15. 




Tlie Cesko-rjnericlca r;aro>ini Hada (Boiieriian-.^uMerican national Council) 
has sent to both Jenator Cullom of Illinois and Senator Lai'ollette 
of '-Viscoxisin the follov;in(-; telegram: "The Cesko-.juericka Narodni l^ada 
(Bohsraian-.iirie^lcan national Council) urgently requests you to do all that 

is in your power to prevent the passage of the vicious conference bill on 
Lnunigration. The bill is un-.-JTieriCcUi, it has no good purpose, and is aimed 
at aiding certain European countries in the suppression of their subjects. 



"i:. 3t. Vraz, i^resident" 



/inother telegram sent to both of these senators reads: "Cesko-rjnericka 
Tiskova i^ancelaf (the Bolienian-.iinerican Press Bureau) requests you to oppose 
vigorously conference bill article recuiring the presentation of certificates 
of good r:pute. Its passage v;ould endanger the liberty of .jaerican people. 
V/e protest most emphatically against such laws and shall approciate your inter- 
vention. 



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III E 1 
III B 
III H 
IV 



_ A _ 



BCHEHIiiN 



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Deiini raasatcl> Jaiu 2n, 1913. 



"J. F* otepina, Prosidont'^ 



i'^ we said before, it v/as only because of the article on the certificates 
that the bill was defeated. Both organizations v;ill express their thanks 
to those senators who voted af-ainst the bill. 




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I F 5 

r/ Denrii Kl -'^satel, Dec. 17, 191^^. 

T^3 33T..E:-I3i:.3!"r CF Z • ilGR.JTICi: JT..T:0i:3 IJ J^I^GURi^D 

\ie v/ere advised by a telegram from Washington last night that Congressman 
Adolph J. Sabath succeeded in havin^: the House pass his bill, according to 
which the iinifiigration corrrissioner's authority v;ill be enlarp:ed by the right 
to establish imraif^ation stations, which would facilitate his ofiice^s care 
for imniigrants from the time of their disembarkation to their safe arrival 
at their destination. TTie first of such stations will be in Cnicafi^o, and the 
appropriation for this, according: to i.lr, Sabeth's bill, is ,375, 000. 

This bill has had the support of all true friends of the iifimigrants. Here in 
Chica/:o it was particularly the Inimigration League vmich worked for its passage. 
Cur Cesko-.vTierickd Ndrodnl Rada (Bohemian-.^nerican National Council) is a 
member of the League and has done very valuable work for the bill by interven- 
ing v;ith various Senators, especially vjith Senator Fitzgerald, who is the 
chairman of the Appropriations Corrimittce of the House. 



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Ill Cr - 2 - BQEZi.:I.\I-: 

I F 5 

r/ Derml laasalel , Dec. 17, 1S12. 

Congressman Sabatli has devoted all his tine and effort to this problem, and 
he may consider the passage of iiis bill as one of the most important and most 
meritorious single jobs of his congressional career 



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Ill g 
III r 

Denni Illasatel , aup;. 32, 1913. 









CrOITICiTS .JT :-:LLI3 1SL:Z:D 

(Editorial) 

Not a single v;eek "masses that nev/s^ar^ers do not brirv:- a rer^ort of callous con- 
duct of the immigration officials on Cllis Island in 'Tev; York. I'eople are 
often deported and, it can rirhtfully be T)resianed, this haor)ens even without 
sufficient reasons, especially in cases vjhere the unfortunate imrai^-rant has no 
one to come to his defense. ^uite often v;e read about the de^'>ortation of our 
Bohemian people, as viell as of Slovalcs or other Slavonic peoples. The irnmi- 
r:rant is simply detained at jlllis Is'^tnd and jUGt as soon as any reason is 
found his deportation follov/s v/ithoi^t ceremony. Some are detained because they 
do not have the amount of money required by lav/, and they must remain on iilllis cS 
Island, where they are held as thou-^'h they v/ere in prison until their relatives 
are notified to hel^ them, vrith the necessary amount, nt times other reasons 
are found for detention, and then it is necessary;- to seek the aid of con^rress- 
men or other influential -^-ersons in order to save the unfortunate from a com- 
pulsory return to his native land. 



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Ill G - 2 - BOEfflllM 

III H 

Dennl Hlasatel > Aug, 22, 1912. 

The immigration officers in New York show extraordinary zeal in carrying out 
the law, and, because of their ex'^esnive anxiety to prevent the entry into the 
United States of undesirable people, they have no sympathy for the unfortunates, 
who, in their opinion, do not comply with existing immigration laws in every 
detail. It happens quite often that, as a result of the unreasonable judgment 
of these almighty gentlemen, a family is torn apart forever, a wife separated 
from her husband or children separated from their parents. At iiillis Island even 
such a strange decision is considered just, so long as it satisfies the require- 
ments of the law according to which no unhealthy or otherwise undesirable 
people are to be allov/ed to enter the United States. o 

Although the present immigration laws are very strict, some people in Congress S 
are attempting to have them made even stricter, and to make more difficult the ^ 
admission of upright and industrious immigrants. Coagress has, to be sure, the 
right to pass such laws as would prevent the entry into the United States of 
criminals or people who would become public charges, but this does not give the 
immigration officials the right to class every immigrant as a criminal or as one 
who is unable to make a living. Secretary Nagel, viio has charge of the 



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Ill : 

Denni ITlasatel , ^u^:. 22, 191^. 

irajni'Tation de-^art'^ient , said that they should follov;, not the letter, but the 
ST^irit of the lav/, so that an iniustice r.i 'ht not he done to anv iTrini^Tant. 
?or that reason he often overriile<^ the nonsensical decisions of the i^nni^'rati on 
officials and nerraits the entry of :>3o;"le v;hom tlie ''entleinen at .Jllis Island 
ivould want to deport, .-^ case of this kind ha^'^ened just a fev; days ar:o v/hen 
t7;o elderly \ATornen, who ca"ie to .^"^^:rica after their ne^h*^^*:, •''•ere to have been 
deported. The'.^ liad raised hi?": frori childhood, and he ••jished to shov; liis {;;rati- 
tude by providing* fo^" them in their old a^:e« lie sent them vxoney to ^'ay for 
their oassa-'e, but ^vhen they arrived in :'e:\; York thev v/ere detained and were 
to have been deported to /iUro-ne. The immiyration officials ascertained that 
the nephe^/r earned t^'^-^nty-five dollars per vjeek and this, in their opinion, ^vas 
not enouyh for him to be able to nrcvide for a -roup of three ^^ersons. i-erhaps ^ 
those rentlenen do not kno'v thiat there are in .America thousands of laborers, 
?7ho, -.vith half or even less than half of t^iis income, must support lar^e fa^ii- 
lies, and they ar-^ forced to do so even under the ^^resent hi."*h cost, of livin^^; 
they do not ther'-^iby beco'^e "undesirables'** ?his nonsensical decision ^jas 
brou'dit to^the attention of oecretyiry I'a":el, ./ho had so m.uch v'ood sense that 
he directed that both '.vomien be per^-^itted to enter immediately. 



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III I- 



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.-vTiOther ^:larin - case v/hich rec'=^ntly ^^rovolcel vvarrant'^^d indi ''nation -.vithin our 
so>cl circl'-'S vas the detention of our countr:r-;'jin 'f^iCl-iv 7re3r:a of .Detroit. 
I. r. Trecka -vas one of the contestants at the sokol slet in i ra^ue anrl on his 
return vjas detained on the infor^'-^ation of so e rerson 7;ho, in an anon:/7Tious 
comriiunication, branded hi"^ as an anarchist, .i person ^'^ould tliink that the 
officials v/ould not ^ay anv attention to unsi"*ned letters, but it was very 
suitable for the numose of the '-entle-^en at the irnni^^ration office, and they 
caused . r. ?reska inconveniences 'vhich he "/ill never for^-et, .lio knov/s, had 
it not been for ener.^^etic defense, but that tlrev mid't have decided that he 
be deported, in snite of the fact t?iat he had lived in this country for six 
years ^ had his fa:^.ily here and is respected ainon • sokols and the >*eneral public. ,^ 
He had to submit to a veritable inquisition, and v;as treated, he said, like y^ 

sorrie crirninal. Ho doubt, the officials thought they had succeeded in rnakinr S 

an important discovery. Hence the unfortunate '^ohemian ''anarchist" frora ^ 

Detroit v;as detained in the filthv and odorous Jllis Island atrxOSTohere until 
finally the officials v/ere convinced that tliey had been ':^uilty of real asininity. 

Mr, Treska, on his return from the old honeland, undervjent a bitter experience. 



Ill ^- - 5 - BOr:J]!:Li:: 

III II 

Denni Flasatel , .lur. 22, 1912* 

It should serve as a warninr; for tourists in the future. In our nev/sr-ar^ers 
it has often been oointed out th-it tourists to the old homeland should alwavs 
provide themselves v/ith citizenship papers and ^-^assports if they ;vish to avoid 
any unrdeasantness. 

:/e think th.at a man v/ho lives in the "'nited otates several years and has his ^ 
family here, should not hesitate to secure citizensltim papers. ilien if he 2 
v/ishes to visit the old iior.eland he may rest assured that he v/lll meet v/ith no <:^ 
difficulties on hi- r^^t^rn. ris a citizen of the United otates there can be r* 
no occasion for his m.eetinn 'vith injustice, or detention at Jllis Island ^ 
pendin,'^ an investi^^ation bv the imjiirration officials. No one can then ^re- 
vent his re-entry into the country or into his family circle. -lo one should 
forp'et to take these precautions and therebv avoid all difficulties. 



This, of course, in no v;ay excuses the brutal actions of the immigration 
officials in I.'r. Treska's case; and it ?;ould be only ri ht that an energetic 
protest be sent to the iresiaent requesting' that a thorour;h investip:ation be 
made. Tliis would in no way help the Detroit sokol now. Ilov/ever, it c^uld 



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III IT 

Denni Illasatel , xu^. P.H, 19 IP.. 

help to better conditions on Cllis Island and thereby benefit thousands of 
our iinrnirrants who are -placed at the mercv of the iininir^ration officials. 



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III £ 2 

IV Denni lUasatel , Lay 15, 19 ir.. 

.i Dia^i^cm^T i.i:ETi!!G 

A3 v;e have already iinnounced, the United 3tatec Seriute r-asoed one o2 the 

n:03t drastic billc ever directed a^ainr:t i^:L-ii-;rantL', v/hereby the ir'j.iir-;;ration 

lav; is to be nade especially severe. The bill vjas introduced by .Senator Hoot, 

and io now in the hands of the Oonsressional corLiittee, by v.hich it could 

easily be adopted. .'lII southerner:: on the coruiittee are obstinate enenies ^ 

of inini:;rants, especially the socialist in:ni:;;rants, and all of ther. v/ill vote -o 

in favor of the bill. Protesting':: arainst this bill, in the sane neasure as 

the inmi,3rant elenents of all nationalities, are reasonable and prudent 

jinericans. 



The Gesko-.jriericka Tlarodni Rada (Boherlan-.-vnerican National Council) thus 
far has taken e\^evj step possible in opposition to this bill. _ letter has 
been sent to the chaiman of the Conc^ossional coniiittee, Goncressrian 
Fitzgerald of New York, who sent a very favorable repl^/- to l^of. J. J". Znrhal. 
The Gesko-/jnericka Tiskova Kancelar (Eohemian- j^erican Press Biareau) also is 
doin^ its share in opposinc this ler_:islation. .it a special rrieetinc held last 



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IV . Denni :Ila::atel , lltxy 15, 1912. 

Llonday, in Libuse hall, by the Gesko-Z^iiericka TTarodni Rada, a resolutions 
cojTinittee v;as elected for the Durr-ose of drafting a resolution Drotestinfr the 
proposed legislation, in tne name of all Bohamians of Ghicaco. In Chicago 
there have been held several protect meetinc^ v/hich were participated in by 
representatives of all nationalities, and in v;hich there was exi)ressed an 
emphatic protest against such drastic enactments — an outrrov;th of outlived 'p 
knovz-nothingism. Juch protest meetings have been held in Cleveland, Balti- C 
more, Nev; York, Philadelphia, Boston and Pittsburgh, Appeals have been sent ^ 
to both Houses of Congress and to the President. 55 



The bill provides for the surrender, at the request of any government, of 
all political offenders vjho by vjord or letter have transgressed against their 
government; indeed, even those are to be surrendered v/ho only inspired any 
such acts. 

Thus v/ould be surrendered into the hands of governm.ents, on request, every 
minor offender xvho had v.Titten a sharp article in opposition to a despotic 
government, or against govemrient politics and a rotten system., or v:ho might 






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IV Denni Hlasatel, lUay 15, 1912. 






dvise anyone else to do so. Such a lav/ is in the hic^^^'t de^^ree da^^Jiable 
in such a con.'^:titutional republic as is the United rotates, and roist never 
coiTie into effect; and it v.ill not, if all nationalities take the proper steps 
in oppocinr: it. Therefore it is our duty to rise as one nan to oppose it, 
to do everything in our pov;er, and to r^ive a holpinc hand to the Gesko-.jnericka 
Narodni Rada and the vOesko-i-jiericka Tiskova Kancelar. 'p 

Next Sunday eveninc, a meeting v:ill be held in the auditorium, to v;hich v/ill ^ 

corie representatives of all nationalities for the purpose of adopting an £ 

e^T.phatic protest, and to vjirn Congress against such errors as are a discrace co 

for a democratic state. It is therefore our duty to attend this meeting in C:^ 

as large n^x^nbers as possible, and v;e hope that our countr:,Tien v/ill not alio?; ^ 

this invitation to remain unheeded. This meeting v-.-as called by the Iixmigrants 
Protective Leag^^e, and participating v:ill be distinguished leading citizens 
of the city and state. Nationally popular speakers have also been invited, 
such as '.;, J. Bryan, V.'. Jilson and former president T. Icoosevelt, all of 
v/hom are opposed to the proposed legisl::tion. .. .♦ 



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Denni Hlasatel , T'ny 14, 1912 • 

!.!^TI!IG OF THU CT^SKO-AI.^i^RICKA NARO^NI ^cADA 

In the absence of president li. St. Vraz, the meetinp of the Cesko-Anerlcka 
Karodni Rada (Bohemian-American T'atior.al Council) was called to order bv -'r. :e 
Joseph Triner. 5 

Professor J, J, Zrarhal explained that a bill has been pfissed by the United r; 
States Senate, according to which any l^uropean emigrant who mirfit sin against -n 
the American Government while here, or '^lerely insnire some act which would be o 
directed against it, or if he should write anything which the Government con- lo 
sidered as an attack aif^rainst itself, could be deported. This lep^islation is ^ 
being protested, not only b' all emigrants but by i\mericans themselves, and 
already thero have been noted many mianifestation meetings in almost all cities, 
at which sharp resolutions have been adopted, anti transmitted to both houses of 
Congress and to the President of the United states. A mass meeting will be 
held next Sundav in the Auditorium, and our coiintr'^/men are invited to attend 



Ill - 2 - BOH^TfAN 

III 3 1 

III B 2 Denni Hlasatel , !Tay 14, 191.?. 

IV 

that meeting as numerously as possible. A special appeal is made to 

societies and corporations to take interest in the matter, and to take definite 

action to aid in defeating the -proposal. 

The chainnan of the Congressional Committee to which the bi?! was referred, ^ 

Congressman Fitzgerald of Kew York, to whom the Cesko-Americka Narodni T?ada ^_ 
wrote in this case, promised to do evervthin^^ possible to prevent passapre of the ^ 

bill by the House. Attention has been called to the serious dangers of this 'I: 

bill which is directed against im^iiigration and it is, therefore, our duty to ^ 
place ourselves on guard immediately. The meeting to be held in the Audi- 
torium is to be addressed ]Dy some nationally popular speaker. It will be 






either V/. J. Bryan, T. Roosevelt or V.. \^ilson. e?i 

!v!r. /jindrichT" Ort moved thnt a res-^lution be prepared and that a committee of 
five members be elected to prepare the resolution and send it to C'^ngress. 
The committee elected consists of: Professor J. J. Zmrhal, Frank J. Petru, 
Dr. J. S. 3. Vojan, Jindrich Ort, R. Jaromir Psenka, with Mr. Hospodsky as 
scribe. 



Ill g - 3 - BOii-^'im 

III B -1 

III B 2 Dennl Illasatel , V.ay 14, 1912. 

IV 

At the same time a communication, in the name of the Bohemian people of 
Chicago, is to be sent to the meetim]^ in the Auditorium. The committee vxill 
meet VJednesday at 9 P. •* . at the Press Club. The annual meeting of the Cesko^ 
Americka Narodni Rada will b3 held on Friday, May 31, at 8 P. ?A. 



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? Ill B 2 

i 1 C Denni Hlasatel, May 12, 1912. 

- IV 
IV (Jewish) CE3KD-AI.SRICI1A TISKDVA KiaTCELiR 

saiDS LsrrsR to iji^tsd states CE^:sus director 

In viev; of the indignation caused by the preliminary report of the Census 

Bureau on the nationalities of the foreign-born white inhabitants of the State ^ 

of Illinois, the Cesko-Americicd Tiskova Kancelaf (Bohemian-American Press ^^ 

Bureau), in order to receive an official explanation of the matter, sent the ^ 
follov/ing communication to Director of the Census Mr* E. D. Durand: ^^ 

"Dear Sir: The special report, distributed by the Census Bureau to the Press ^~ 
Associations for publication on or after Llay 2, containing a preliminary report i^ 

on the nationalities of the foreign-bom white inhabitants in the State of ^ 
Illinois, as shown by the thirteenth decennial census held on April 15, ISIO, 
caused great indignation among the readers of Bohemian newspapers of the 
United States • The Cesko-Americka Narodni Rada (Bohemian- American National 

Council) and the Cesko-Americka Tiskova Kancelaf have been requested to 
intervene in the matter, and to ask the President and the Congress of the 



Ill Q - 2 - BOHBIMIAN 

III B 2 

I C Dennl Hlaaatel. May 12, 1912. 

IT 

17 (Jewish) United States to secure compliance with the Congressional reso- 
lution in regards to the ascertainment of nationalities during 
the Thirteenth Census* 

Not wishing to cause the Census Bureau any annoyance, we therefore ask you -3 

for an explanation. We realize that said statement gave only ccxnparative ,^ 

figures for the years 1900 and 1910, and therefo37e could remain in the scien- p 

tifically worthless classification of the 1900 census; but, nevertheless, we ^ 

say that it should have mentioned that for that reason only the scientific g 

cally impossible and unjust record of lands of origin was kept* ^-~ 

o.- 

CD 

Hie classification, as it was given in the statement released May 2, was ^ 
obviously unjust* Several of the privileged nations were actually favored, 
as, for instance, in the statement under the title ••Nationality*^ Canada was 
divided into two parts: French Canada and Other Canada, although geographic- 
ally and politically it would be proper to use only Canada if the word 
** Austria** is used in the same sense; Finland is equally independent, although 



Ill Q - 3 - ^ BQH5I>'IIAN 

III B 2 

1 C Denni HLasatel , May 12, 1912. 

IV 

IV (Jewish) it is politically united with Russia in the same manner as 

Bohemia is united with Austria-Hungary. Ireland, Scotland, V/ales 
and England are listed in four separate colurms instead of under one heading-- 
••Great Britain**. The Slavs are not favored in the same manner • If the Euro- 
pean Anglo-Saxons can have four separate columns; if the Canadian-French can 
have a special column; so should the Bohemians, who culturally, both past and 
present, are their equals. 



-o 



I — 
I — 



\J 






Scientifically the statistical conception of Austria is an impossibility. It 
is warranted neither ethnographically (there is no Austrian nation, only the 

inhabitants of Upper and Lower Austria could be so called, but they do not co 
wish it; they call themselves Upper Austrirn and Lower Austx^ian Germans), nor § 
linguistically (there is no Austrian language; only Bohemian, German, Polish, <^'^ 
etc*, exist there), nor politically (there is no law which officially creates 
the title Austria, the western half of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, because 
the official title appearing at the head of the Empire's Constitution reads 
**Kicgdoms and Lands represented in the Empire's Council**). 



Ill G - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

I C Denni Hlasatel . May 12, 1912. 

IV 

IV (Jewish) Therefore, because scientifically the figiires under the heading 

^Austria**, 1900—67,072, 1910—164,966, for the State of Illinois; 
and 1900 — 57,676, 1910 — 133-,201, for the City of Chicago, are altogether meaning- 
less, peimitting of no real scientific deduction, we must only regret that these 
figures appeared in the statement, as tKey represent wholly useless effort. 



For instance, what do the figures ^Chicago, 1910 — 133,201 Austria" mean? Who 
are they? Germans, even if coming from Austria, were listed under the heading 
^'Germany**. However, how many Bohemians are there in Chicago? The City Manual, 
published by the Bureau of Vital Statistics of the City of Chicago, lists for 
1910 in Chicago: Americans 699,554; Germans 563,708; Irish 240,560; Poles 
173,409; Swedes 143,307; Russians 123,238; Bohemians 116,549. c 



v.- 



C^" 



What than is the relation between this official Chicago figure of 116,549 
Bohemians and the Census figure of 133,201 Austrians? The results cannot be 
upheld; therefore, all the great effort of the Census Bureau to ascertain 
the figures listed under the title *^ Austria'' is worthless. 



c.^ 



Ill Gr • 5 - B0E3MIAN 

III B 2 

I C Dennl Hlasatel , May 12, 1912 • 

17 

IV (Jewish) Hoping that your reply will be satisfactory in the sense that 

it will disperse our fears, and that the Congressional Resolution 

sponsored by the Honorable A. !• Sabath (Resolution Number 23, a^roved March .^ 
24, 1910) will be strictly adhered to, we are /Signatures follow/* ^ 

A copy of this corrmiunication was also sent to Congressman A. J. Sabath with p 
a request that he intercede in the matter with the Census Bureau. ^ 



CO 
c > 



Ill g boilj:i.:iait 

I c: 

Denni IIlasatel> Llay 4, 1912. 

;;e are austhiaitsj 

The united states census .{eport ijoes Hot .{ecof^nize Ijohemians 

*^ lIj]ditorial) ^ 

3a:7erly vie have v/aited aLiost t^/o /ears for the report of the Oovernment F 

Census Bureau as to the result of the last c^neral enumeration in oruer <^ 

that \ve mir^ht learn therefrora ho:/ rauch we have increased in numerical strength ^ 
here in ohica.-^o and in tlie united states in .'^:eneral. xiut nov/ the Census £ 

Bureau has ::rievousl7 disappointed usl The Dureau has just recently pub- ^'^ 

lished the results of the census for the .'tate of Illinois, and in this 
report there is not the slightest mention of liohemians. Slavonic immigrants 
are listed only according" to the emioires from ^vhich they came: Bohemians 
as .lustrians, Jlovenes as xiustrians, -^lovalcs and Creations as iiunt^arians , 
Poles as li-ermans, Austrians, or Russians, to perpetrate an even v;orse 
injustice against the Jlavs, the report differentiates betv/een -^n^^lish 
Canadians and j'rench Canadians; it sho^/s hov/ many immi^^rants are here from 






Ill G -2- BOHBMIAN 

I G 

Dennl Hlasatel. May 4, 1912. 

Ireland, Scotland, and V/ales— that is, from countries having even less 
political independence than Croatia or Bohemia. 

The method of enumeration used by the Census Bureau must be protested ^ 

by all Slavs. Another report may be issued later which will show the 5 

number of immigrants of each nationality, but why are the Irish and Scots -c::. 

enumerated according to one rule in this report and the Slavs according p 

to another? ^ 

o 

On the basis of these census reports, the local German newspapers arrive i^ 

at their own conclusions and estimate the number of Germans in Chicago and ^ 

in Illinois according to the figures given in the report. The census figures S 
indicate that 133,201 residents in Chicago were born in Austria. The German 

newspapers claim that the majority of these are Germans. We think that the 
Cesko-Americka Tiskova Eancelaf (Bohemian-American Press Bureau) and the 
Cesko-Americka Narodnl Rada (Bohemian- American National Council) should see 



Ill g -3- BOici.:!^ 

I 

Denni Hlasatel , Liiy 4, 1912, 

to it that a report in v;liich Boheaians and all other Slavs are correctly 
listed is pujlished as soon j.s possible. During tLe census every i^oherdan 
said he v/as born in ooheiiiia, not in a^ustria. V^Tiy, then, is Boheiaia^ not even 
inentioned in tne report issued by the Jens is bureau? ./hy is only Austria listed? 

On the basis of the fijuros ,-:iven in the census report, the ^-Lbendpost , in its ^ 

issue of yestei'^day, deduced hov; pov;erful an eleraent the ^-rerin/ms in this city ^ 

and country are. This Cleri.ian papor figures that since 181,987 local residents <^ 

v;ere born in ^Jerriany, they are all '.ierraans, and that the majority of the p 

133, '301 born in .-lustria are also .Germans, in this ivay it arrives at the ^ 

joyful GonclusioT! (for rrerrians) that the LVer^ian element here is not diminishing, o 

but on the contrary, is increasing ^T 



All this, as thou^'-h it did not knov; that aiionr: the imiPii-.rnnts from Gteriiianv 
are listed many thousands of Poles i/ho fled from ihe land of their birth 
before (German cultural activities, and that very few immif'->;rants come from 






Ill g -4- 30iii:;i.:i.iiT 

I c 

Denni lllasatel > May 4, 191^3. 

the old Austrian lands wiiich are predominantly (leririan, ana vihen they do cone 
they are i oheiiians and Uroatians froiri Vienna and :31ovenes fron Styria. 
L^mans get alon^^ quite v;ell in Austria, ihey are favored nationally and 
econo;aically and have no reasons for mi.^ratinn to .>xierica. ^ 

In conclusion v/o introduce soine of the fi;;^ure3 or tne census roport which F= 

v/ere nost interesting to us. Chicar":o residents born in ^^.ustria number <^ 

lo3,201; 3ul';aria, 321; irrench Canada, 4,63;o; Canada, 2o,2L32; Denmarl:, 11,455; S 
iilne^land, 27,G9U 
Hungary, 27,497 
Kussia, 122,U.>v 
;3,493; Wales, 1,818. 



X' ranee, Z.O'M; :>eri]iany, l:Jl,987; :>reece, 6,601; Holland, 9,532; S 
Ireland, o5,9-.^,2; Italy, 45,111; Norway, 24,170; Huraania, 5,344; ^ 
Jcotland, 1(J,303; Ser>;ia, 395; civ;ecLen, 63,U35; 3v;itzeriand, ^ 



Ill g 

III B 1 (Geman) 

I C Dennf Hlasatel, Oct, 30, 1911. 



BOHiilMIiiK 



^EiE R2F0RT OF 'IH2 EZvIIGIL-vTIOK CO^n/IISSIONT" 

(Editorial) 

The Comniission appointed by Congress to investigate conditions in the 
IriLMigration Department — primarily on 211is Island, New York — rendered 
its report* 

From its report, it appears that the Commission has come to the conclu- 
sion that the present method of secret proceedings during the examination 
of iiamigrunts should be discontinued; that the Examining Commission should 
constitute a body l\^'ly independent of the Liimigration Commissioners* The 
Examining Commission should be made up of men. who are capable and free 
from prejudices of all kinds. 






The report of the Con^^ressional Committee shov;s that this body recognizes yj.^/i %\ 



Ill a 



III B 1 (Goraan) 
I C 



- 2 " 



Denni Hlasatel> Oct. oO, 1911, 



BGHJ.IL-^ 



that there is something rotten in the Iranigration Department — something 
v/hich should be removed or corrected. It is something altogether dif- 
ferent from v/hat our Jecr-.^tary of Commerce, l.*r» Ka^el, under whose juris- 
diction the Immigration Department is operated, said publicly, iir. Nagel 
is a German, and it v;as chiefly the (German National Counci], which in its 
last session, sharply criticized the practices of the Immigration officials 
and called upon their countryman I^. Nagel to see to it that relief is 
obtained^ But ..Ir. Nagel proclaims that everything is in good order on 
iilllis Island, and that if some mistake is made, it is not done purposely. 

In short, Lr. Nagel approves the manner in v/hich the immigrants* entry 
into this country is rendered ha^d and even impossible. 




Ill g Boigi'^iM 

I H 

Deiini Hlasatel , Aug. 17, 1911. 

AlITI-IHaaRATION BILL D2FSATi:2D 

Congressnan Sabath sends a report that he was successful in having the 
bill that was introduced by Congressman Gardner, v;hich was directed 
against immigrants, stricken from the calender. 




BOHa''IAi: 



III G 

II D 6 

Derini Hlasatel , Jan^ 3, 1911. 

Josef Prasek, 11, son of I.:r, Vojtech Prasek of Chicago, on his v/ay from 
Eohemia to his father's home here was detained on Ellis Island for 
ar entire v;eek. He was released after Reverend Vanek, Chicago, appealed 
to the director of the Czech iranicrant hone, Ilr. Koukol, v;ho then took 
care of the boy« About 2,000 persons are now detained on Ellis Island, 
so'-'e for several days, before they are turned over to their relatives 
or friends • 



t 

r" 






I 



Ill G 
II A 2 

Denni Hlasatel , Feb. 2k, I9IO, 

CCNTR/iCT LABCR LAT^ lilSAPPLISD 



BOHSUIAN 



5 



fV5 



P#i|.--The recent order for the deportation of a Bohemian iinmigrant girl g 
shows to what petty punctiliousness our iimnigration authorities allow them- S 
selves to descend. The girl, Marjanka (May)t v/as detained in the harbor ^ 
of New York on the ground that she, according to her own admission, had a 
job waiting for her upon her arrival in Chicago. She was therefore de- 
tained as a violator of the lav/ against importation of workers under con- 
tract. This seems to us utterly preposterous. Or did the immigration 
authorities really believe that a simple peasant girl had made the trip 
to America under contract? Had they given the case more careful consider- 
ation and investigated it more thoroughly, they would surely have discover- 
ed that some relative had v/ritten to her about as follows r 

«Just come, dear Mayl Plenty of work will be found for you, for there is 
a great lack of good servant girls." 

On the strength of some such superficial assurance, probably, the inexper- 
ienced girl confided to the immigration officers that a job was waiting for 



Ill C - 2 - BOHiCMIM -^ 

II .- 2 5 

Dennl Hlasatel, Feb* 24f 1910. di. 

' r— 

r- 

her in Chicagol And this was sufficient reason for them to detain her. -^ 

Are they really of the opinion that a message of invitation constitutes o 

a contract? Evidently they are, but they give scant evidence of their ;^ 

perspicacity. S 



c^ 



Ill G 



I B 3 a 

II E 2 

Denni ^Ilasatel, Feb. Ij, I9IO. 



BCHILr'IiiN 



STRICT U.S. Lrt;v APrLii'D Tc d:]Lik:,uent iiiliigrakts 

?.l — The innigration authorities in '.Vashington have handed down a decision 

in which Alois Zdarsy and ''arie Tudova are ordered to be deported. They 

will be sent to New Yori: and turned over to the company that had shipped 

them to this country. They had lived at I629 r. Throop ft. in common 

household, without bein£- murri>:d txnd this violated the irr.rdgration lav;. TP. 









Zdarsky was arrest^^^d Jan. 29 on behalf of attorney V/. Truce, representing «? 
his client Pr. Brazda I615 Blue Island Ave., v/ho had ueen mulcted out of tS 
$6C0 by Zdarsy. Brazda v;a£ the "good fellov/" who had financed the "Artists' *^ 
Cabaret," wnich, as is .cncv.n, met with an inrloricus finish immediately 
after the first performance, "ihe whole enterprise had been calculated on 
a fraudulent basis by Zdarsliy, who had received $600 from Brazda to bring 
to the United States six good performers fro.ii Prague. Upon his arrival 
he had with him., besides his own distinguished personaf^e ^^•'•7 "^^i^ Tuda, 
who had been his illegal mate in the old countr*' already, and an obscure 
pianist. lie not only did not endeavor tc pay back the rest of the ;i;oney. 






^enni I'lasatel ^ Feb. 15» I^^IO. 

tut had only snsers for Brazda, v;hen an accounting was demanded. The latter 
in the course of an investigation uy his attorney, found that Zdarsky a..G 
!.!arie Tuda both had abandoned their lav/ful mates in the old country. '.'r. 
Schubert, immigration officer, states that deportation for the couple is 
inevitable. The two delinquents are beini^ held in the county jail, from P 
v/here they will be taken to !:ew York next week. Zdarsky seems to be tak- ^^ 
ing his predicament with euuaniiaity; the woman Iiowever is in a state of 3 
collaose ai*d Drofes:^es not to he able to survive her s..ane. Zdarskv had *— 
made no friends during his abode in America, as he had continually tried ^ 
to fatten upon the l.onest earnings of his good-hearted acquaintanc:is, and 
after navinf: taken advantage of them turned his back on then^ with derision. 
This is the reason, v/ay no one of his fellov; countryr.ien made any attempt 
to save him. This v/ouid have been futile, however, :.s there is no recourse 
from the final decision of the iniinigration bureau in "fashington. 






III g 

II r 2 d (1) 

I r 5 

I F 4 

IV • 



BOiilMI^.I] 



reniii :ila£:atel, Peb, 7i I9IC. 






t>*3 — Cur fellow-countryrien Joseph Ccenasek v;as to be deported yesterday. 
He had come from Bohemia to Join his relatives in Racine, V^isconsin, but 
v/as stained on Sllis Island bv the imnirration authorities. They decided 
to deport him for tv;o reasons: first, a somev/hat abnormal eye, and second, 
lack of the required funds. But Ccenasek is a trained machinist and in 
perfect condition for v;ork, so that there is no probability that he will 
become a public charge* 

He has received permission to remain throu h the efforts of Congressman, 
Adolph J. Sabath, and his relatives ure spared the trouble of taking fur- 
ther steps to effect his release. 

To bring his case to a happy conclusion, hov/ever, it v;ill be necessary for 
some one to extend to him pecuniary assistance so as to enable him to pro- 
duce the a..iount required by lav;. He must also present a sv/orn statement 
by responsible people, ^uch as his relatives, guaranteeing to support him 
in case he should fail tc do so himself. This affidavit must be sent to 
Ellis Island. 






-X3 
O 

• 

CO 
CD 

ro 



Ban: lAK 



Denni Illasutel, Feb. 7f I9IC. 






The imrairrant in question ha? a ^ood friend in ^.acine, ''r. Prank ?roska, 
v/ho upon learning of his pli;^ht instantly sent a telerrarn to /ashington, 
offering to shoulder all responsibilities. Cur immigration authorities, 
v/ho have become rather haurhtv of late, cor?.nletelv irnored the co!ii:iunica- ^z:^ 
ticn, and the deportation of Ccenasel: was ii.rriinent. proska thereupon ad- r- 
dressed himself to the ^enni Illasr^tel , and our managem nt pror:ptly v/ired -^ 
to Congressman ?al:atii, then in 'Vashin^ton, •••'hose firm into^rventicn caused o 
the authorities to chan^-e their attitude and saved Qcenasek in the nick 
of time. 



CD 



icr 



Ill 


G 


I F 


4 


I F 


5 


I 3 




IV 





BQ HIiMIAN ^-— ^ 
Denni Hlasatel, Dec. 5, 1967. (^ VlPi ^' 

\ ^ , ^ / 

TO FR53 CZECHS raOM BONDAGE IN SOUTH. >C^ 

p. 4«, Our Czech Congressman Sabath could render vetluable service to the 
Czechs and other Slavonic people if he would call the attention of Congress to 
the burbarism \riiich is being perpetrated on the iirraigrcuits in the Southern 
States. An is sue lite this should be taken up by congress^ for no state is sov- 
ereign enough th&t it could keep aloof of a reprimand for injustice done. 

There is a conspicuous percentage of Czechs among those immigrants vidio are 
groaning under the yoke of slavery imposed upon them in the South and about 
whose pitiable situation the newspapers print sporadic items. We hope Congress- 
man Sabath will take action, regardless of the fact that the states concerned 
are Democrat states and the very home of Chief John S. Williams. 

He who makes himself guilty of, or an accessory to a crime deserves to be con** 
demned - Democrat and Republican alike. Our only Bohemian congressiaan v/ould 
serve the Czech cause rinich better in the way suggested than by submitting to 
Congress some other propositions which, being launched by a Democrat, will not 
be allowed by the Republicans to advance even to a second reading. 



Ill 


A. 


III 


E 


I F 


4 


T "^ 




I c 




IV 






Ill G 

BOHSTJCAN 

Denni H lasatel > Nov, 30, 1907. 
IM DSFrJNS^ OF CZ3CH imiGMNfTS. 

p. !•• The American newspaper, Record«"He rald> printed an-^^ticle in its Sunday 
edition about undesirable immigrants in which it throws us into one and the 
same bag with the Italians, the Greeks, the Slovaks, and others, who come to 
America in the springtime, work hard, save money, and leave in fall to go back 
to their homeland. 

The paper advocates the passing of a law to prevent these people from entering 
our land. Congressman Sabath, before leaving for V/ashiiigton, sent an eluci- 
dating letter to the editor which was printed in full by the paper under the 
caption **Stands up for the Czechs, •• and reads as follows: 

•*I have carefully perused your article, headlined 'Exodus of Bnmigrants.' 
In it you unjustly advocate the exclusion of certain immigrants. In order to 
demonstrate to you that your views are incorrect, and without foundation, I 
take the liberty of quoting your passage: 'It is widely known that a great 
number of Hungarians, Italians, Czechs and others return to their country every 
fall, because the mines, railroads and other enterprises turn out thousands of 
workers. These workingmen take along the money that they have earned. They 




- 2 - BOHS^H i 

Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 30, 1907. 

use their savings to pay mortgages and other liabilities incumbent on their 
properties, while some live on savings until the following spring, when they 
hope to regain their old jobs. The irainigration laws hold no terror for them, 
for they know how to circumvent them, and always have money enough to gain 
entrance.* 

•^f you refer with these words to the Czechs also, you are doing an injustice to 
them without doubt, on account of inadequate knowledge of the conditions* The 
Czech Immigrant is an ingenuous, liberty loving, honest and diligent workman. 
He comes to this country in search of liberty, guaranteed to him by our con- 
stitution, and which is denied to him in his old homeland. 



••He aspires to become a citizen and to build up an existence; he tends to his 
work, and is law-abiding; he puts away his savings, and in the long run settles 
down in his own little house which fulfills one of his iBiost cherished hopes* 
He becomes quickly Americanized, and does not give the remotest thought to a 
return to the old country. 

'•By a more pains-taking study of the immigration statistics you will become 
convinced of the insufficiency of your information. Your article is correct 
in so far as it does not refer to Czechs specifically as taking money back. 



- 3 - 



Denni Hlasatel , Nov* 30, 1907* 



BOffi]MIAN 




because it is not true that they save money here, and then return home, I 
hope you will readjust your article, as I believe it was not your intention to 
insult the Czech people •*• 

The Record^Herald printed this amendment on its editorial page where it cer- 
tainly shall arrest the attention of the public. From the foregoing can be 
concluded that \vhen the American language papers take a fling at us, it is 
rather because of faulty inforrasrtion than of any unfriendly attitude, and that 
they are amendable to a hint from a man of the caliber of Congressman Sabath, 
who will cJ.ways say a word in defense of his constituency* 



Ill G BQIiaivIIAIT 

I c 

jy Denni iaasatcl > Nov. 28, 1907. 

C;^CHS ASli FOR CII/ilIG3 OF El'iai^TICi: L/iI7 

Congressman A. J*. Sabath has four propositions before the House, one of ^ 

v/hich is of special iraportance for us Czechs and for all other Lninif?:rants. ^ 

It is concerned v/ith a change in the irnmicration lav; and ains at the >;-^ 

elimination of all the nativistic clauses adopted by Goncress in its last ^ 

session. One of these suDnlemental clauses demands of the imnigrant a 2 

knor;ledee of the Sn^lish lan^uare and of certain articles of the Constitution ^ 

of the United States. The clause v;c\ild have a decidedly restrictive effect ^ 
upon immifsration and v7ould be harmful to our people. 

The immigrant is in the majority of cases one '.vho makes his living by hard 
labor and has lacked the time to study the lancua^e; in conseruence he is 
not vrell equipped to unlerst-iind ^^issa^es of the Constitution. Our people 
aid in the creation of the v/ealth of the country, especially in the cultiva- 
tion of the soil; this has been dem.onstrated, and they have accomplished it 



en 



- 2 - BOHSLXIN 

De.mi laasatel , ITov. 28, 1907. 

v;ithout knov/ledge of the Constitution v;hich very frequently ^ 

is all Greek to the native a\jr*erican himself. The lav; passed by the last 5 

Congress is partial and nativistic. It hits the Slavonic people in "— 

particular. r^ 

no 

Cur nativists are of the opinion that immigrants nev;ly arrived are good o 



enousli for CLi:*cine ditches, for cleaning sev;ers, for heavy labor in factories ^o 
and on farms, for risking their health and jeoparuizinc life and limb, but f3 
are not entitled to have e^^^ual ri:-hts v/ith native citizens, '.ilioever has -^ 
come into contact v;ith our federal judges, in v:hom is vested the pov/er of 
granting citizenship, has found them to be dyed-in-the-v;ool nativists; they 
throv; every obstacle irriaginable in the path of the applicant for citizen's 
papers. 

We might mention the increased cost of obtaining citizenship as another 
handicap. The amendment to the lav; ;vould considerably lighten the burden 



- 5 - BOIiaJAIJ 

Dennl Hla satel. IIov. 28, 1907. 
laid on the shoulders of iranirrants^ 



CD 



CO* 



Ill G 



BQHELHAN 
Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 25, 1907. ^ 



INTERNATIONAL CITY. 

(Editorial) S 



p.4-— ./e often mention that Chic<>.go is an international city, because almost 
every nation of the world is represented in it. This is true, althougli the 
city of New York deserves that title because it is the largest international 
city in the world. Of the three and one half million residents in New York, 
only*seven hundred and fifty thousand are Americans, and the remainder, or 
two million, seven hundred and fifty thousand is comprised of all other 
nationalities, many of Bohemian descent. 

As far as tiie Bohemians are concerned, they have several cities in Europe which 
have a larger number of Bohemian residents than New York. 



Co 



Ill G - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel, Apr. 25, 1907. 

These are Prague and Vienna. Even Chicago surpasses New York in the number of 
Bohemian residents. 

Chicago has the largest Bohemian settlement in -timer ica and the third largest in g 
the world. 






*— 



CO 



Ill g 

II A 2 BOHEMIAN 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel . Mar. 10, 1907. 

IMMIGRATION—EMIGRATION 
From And to the Old Country (Europe) 

p.l— The F. J. Skala & Company, 320 W. 18th Street, Chicago, Illinois is one of 2 
the most active steamship-line ticket offices in this city, ^ 

It serves the majority of Bohemian immigrants coming to Chicago* -o 

In addition to the dependable service rendered by their steamship-line ticket co 
office, this organization also serves a^ one of the first Bohemian banks in § 
Chicago. 

Bohemian people of Chicago recognize the dependable, trustworthy service offered 
by this establishment, and when at any time they desire to see their old home 
land or to arrange passage for their relatives and friends coming to this country, 
they always give preference to the F. J. Skala & Company. 

This is a Bohemian establishment organized and managed by the man whose name it 
bears . 



tr 



« » 

J 



• 2 - 



Dennl Hlasatalt Mar* 10, 1907. 



BOHEUIAN 



The dependable and reliable service rendered by this firm reflects favorably 
upon the Bohemian people. 



-c 



CD 
en 



in G 

II A 1 BOHEMIAN '^o 

II A 2 VT^y <? 

Danni Hlasatel t Uar. 3, 1907. Vji^^ 'f 

BOHEMIAN IIvlIIGPlANTS. 

p, 3~The annual report of the United States Immigration Commission shows that 
twelve thousand nine hundred and fifty eight Bohemians came to the United States 
during the past year. Of this number four hundred and fifty were in this country 
before. 

It is interesting to note that more came to ±he State of Illinois than to any other 
State, The majority of these settled in Chicago, or a total of three thousand 
seven hundred and twenty, which was twice the number that settled in New York, 
rating second in Bohemian immigration. 

The following statistics show the professions represented by the Bohemian immigrants 
in this country. 

One actor, one architect, eight priests, two editors, fifteen engineers, three 
lawyers, five writers, forty-four musicians, three doctors, nine artists, eight 
teachers and three of other professional classification. 



- 2 - 







Denni Hlasatelt l^r, 3, 1907, W'' *' - ' 



• 



All trades, domestic servants and farm laborers were represented* 



Ill K 



Denni Hlasatel , Lay 31, 1906. 

TO LIGHTEN TliE Iia'JGilAKTS BUIIDEN. 




p. 4~Inn\iinerable raen, women and children are leaving the shores of the other 
continent every year in search of a new homeland. Not many years ago, America 
was considered by the Czechs as a kind of Prora5.sed Land; nov/adays, however, the 
influx of Slavonic peoples into America has taken such proportions that some 
Americans are becorrdng afraid • 

Fifty years ago the trip over the sea used to cost a terrible amount of money, 
and took several weeks, aye, several months; and those aboard a v/ind-jammer were 
exposed to the danger of stranding on foreign shores • 

Nowadays, choice meals and splendid entertainment await them on sea for the short 
tire of one week's crossing. 




- 2 - BQHELiI^ 

Denni Hlasatel , liay 31, 1906. 

The low cost of travelirg may be considered as one of the reasons for the onrush 
of immigrants from our old country. Yet, there is another cause that prompts 
the Czech immigrrint to take precipitate action. It is the misleading inforination 
about the economic and social conditions of this country, by which the people of 
the old country are inveigled into taking the deciding steps. Tlie number of 
immigrants would be much smaller if those desirous to leave had had honest re- 
ports about their future abode. 

The conditions in this country are unduly extolled in the old country; they are 
never pictured in their true light. Often v/e meet v/ith Czech countrymen of ours 
who seem to be in a terrible predicament. 

V/e hear laments about the vicissitudes of life, the in^f;ratitude of the world, 
and the misery to be endured in this country, all of which, brings misfortune 
instead of happiness to so many families. 



- 3 - 



Denni Hlasatel , Kiay 31, 1906. 



BOHELUAN /o"^ 




tfe hear complaints directed against a mode of living repulsive to our element, 
ana against conventions thorouglily disliked by our kind. \le know from our own 
experience many Czechs who owned not inconsiderable property, and who allowed 
themselves to be beguiled by misrepresentation, sold oux, and left their native 
land with high expectations of a hospitable reception by rich America. V/hat a 
disappointment is in store for nany of them! V/hat privations they have to en- 
dure before they becom.e used to the customs of the country; before they find a 
proper outlet for thoir energies, and the kind of v/ork to employ their knowledge 
or skill, and before they are able to provide for their fai.dliesl 



If the immigrant happens to be past a certain age it is often extremely difficult 

for him to find and hold a position, for he has no knowledge of the language and 

is unacquainted with the methods and systems which govern American industry and 
commerce. 




- 4 - 

I 

Denni Hlasatel , Llay 31, 1906. 

The younger rnan or girl are in a more advantageous position as they assimilate 
quicker and are swifter at work, where the elderly person is bound to lag* We 
are unable to offer any remedy against these conditions which v/ill continue as 
long as our people in the old country are a prey to dishonest traveling agents 
who lure thein from a secure exister.ce into i£iisfortune. 

The conditions in our country are not, of course, so lamentable as to Justify 
an all around complaint: they are, in fact very gratifying for many, though they 
rarely prove to be as represented by irresponsible persons who cajole the emigrant 
in the old country into the momentous decision of abandoning hearth and home. 

But even for young people there also exists the possibility of having to under- 
go the ordeal of misery. 



- 5 • 



Denni Hlasatel, I^iay 31, 1906. 




The more mature man, ordinarily having more judgement, is more easily satisiied 
with what the country offers to him, whereas young people do not, as a rule, be-^ 
friend themselves with their surroundings, though later, when finally accustomed, 
they, categorically declare they would not return to the old country even if some- 
one paid for the voyage when they becoiie prosperous, they exaggerate their praise 
of the opportunities in iimerica* 

Such people are the true counterpart of the unsuccessful ones who know no better 
than to heap abuse upon everything American, hardly conecious of what they are 
saying, V/e are ready to admit that the situation of niany an immigrant is nothing 
short of critical, but as the workingman is at liberty to quit and look for a 
different occupation, the immigrant, similarly, can leave these shores and return 
to the old country; his financial status, however may not allow him to do this, 
and so he settles dov:n, grumbling, resigned to his fate. 




• 6 - BOHEl> 

Denni Hlasatel, May 31, 1906» 

We sircerely regret all this, but most of us, after all, had to undergo various 
hardships and struggles for our existence, before v;e could safely cast anchor 
On these shores. And v/e rejoice, nevertheless, when v/e see new immigrants arriving 
from the old country, although we fear that in a short time many of them will be 
lost to our nation, instead of seeing them united in one mighty organization v/ork- 
ing for the common interest of their nationality as other nationalities do. The 
life of many Czech immigrants is burdensome, true enough, but the fault lies with 
us who do not support sufficiently the social unification of the newly arrived, 
which v/ould certainly greatly improve their livincr conditions. 



Ill G BttlEMIAN 

II E 2 d (1) 

II E 2 Denni Hlasa-^el , Way 8, 1906 • 

EDITOR REFUTES GRAND JURY'S ARGUlffiNT. 

p.4~The enemies of immigration do not allow any opportunity to pass without 
slinging mud at that part of the population of the United States without which 
this country would not be more now than Canada is today. When they have no 
occasion for an attack on the immigrants they create one artificially, as was 
done by the grand jury of Cook County in April, 

That body, in its report. to the court, advocated the creation of strict laws 

against the immigrants on the grounds that ninety percent of the cases before 

them had to do with immigrant witnesses who— oh horrorI~did not know English 
enough to testify, and so interpreters had to be employed • 

We do not know just how the grand jury arrived at ninety percent, for statistics 
show that the native population is much more frequently involved in criminal 
cases than the immigrants, although these are heavily handicapped in starting 
life in the new homeland; we are, however, confident tnat the voice of the 
grand jury will not be given much attention. 



TO 

o 

CO 

en 



Ill B • • 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Dermi Hlasatel t May 8, 1906. 

He who is not smitten with blindness must acknowledge what immigration has 
already done for this country and is destined to do in the future, and he 
will not be instrumental in opposing it. 



PI? 

CD 

CO 

cJri 



BOHEMIAN 




III G 

11^ H Denni HLasatel . Oct. 8, 1903. 

/immigration eest proof 0? ms superiority of Tins counter 

Local iCnglish and other newspapers are crossing themselves, because of The 
great numbers of immigrants coming here« However, this avalanche of indus- 
trious, capable workers should fill them with pleasure and pride# Pleasure, 
because the number of those who work for the prosperity and welfare of this 
land is so satisfactorily increasing, end pride, because immigration is the 
best proof of how far in the forefront our country is in comparison with all 
the European states* There, these industrious workers cannot earn enough to 
maintain a dignified life, therefore they are hurrying to come here, where 
there is so much room for all who want to work# But it is not only better 
working and economic conditions which bring the immigrant stream to the United 
States, but also the local political and social arrangments are powerful 
magnets, which are drawing many subjects of the militarisT^ic European states* 
When America no longer will offer the immigrants guarantees, that they can . 
find a happier home here than that which they have in their native lands, 
immigration will stop of it's own accord, without the need for any strict 
laws, Americans should work to the end, that this may never happen. 



BOHEMIAN 



III G 




Denni Hlasatel , L!arch 14, 19C3. 

THE lliKH IUffnGRATION LAW. 

P. 4 - The rew injnigration ill, about which there has been so much debate in 
both houses of Congress, is now about three-quarters complete. The remainder 
will probably be finished by the next session of Congress. The entire matter 
could have been settled before now had ii not been for the figho on some parts 
of the bill. The Senate at the last moment mitigated sOMie of tne most severe 
restrictions of the bill and the joint committee approved these changes. However, 
a decision on the entire matter could not be arrived at and it was necessary to 
set it aside for the future. Several of the original strict provisions of the 
bill were left in it by both Houses of Con^:ress. These are concerned chiefly 
wiLh th-^ return of persons afflicted with epilepsy or insanity, also those, who 
entered the country in an unlawful manner, and anarchists. In the case of the 
former, it is ordered that they may be deported if it is proven they were afflicted 
witnin five years previous to their arrival here the same may be done with imud- 
grants who within two years after arrival become dependent upon the public welfare. 
This two year period also applies ^o anarchists and ail newcomers who during 



- 2 - BOHEIvHAN 




Denni Hlasatel , ferch 14, 1903. 

that period advocate the overthrow of the government by force or xhu assassination 
of public officials. 

The provisions given here are the strictest of the new immigration bill. Otherwise 
tnere are included in the bill various provisions which will only be of benefit 
to the immigrant, because the jurisdiction of the immigration inquisitors of 
Ellis Island, whose administration especially of late has become so famous, will be 
limited. The Commissioner of Immigration in New York City did not wait for the 
new law to becoiLe effective, but introduced various reforms for xhe benefit of 
imrrdgrants, who in the future will not be subject to the gooa will of any case. 
It was high time, that soiLething of the kind happened, for it was simply scandalous 
the way the poor immigrant was handled. In the future it will not be possible to 
send anyone back to where they came from, except for good reasons. Should a three 
member committee decide on deportation of the immigrant, he can appeal to the 
Appellate Department of the Immigration Comraission on the Island, and shoula its 
decision be unfavorable the immigrant may appeal to Washington. In that manner 
it is expected that the rejectea immigrant v/ill receive justice. This is the most 



- 3 - BQ 




•s 







important; change which was made in behalf of imiiigrants. Also there were 
several minor changes made for Lhe improvement of the present system on 
the Islana , and more are to follow. vVhat has finally been accomplished, 
insofar as imiidgrants are concerned, is that they will be treated with 
more justice in the future an . only those will be deported who cannot be 
permitted to enter under any consideration according to the Immigration 
Laws* ^ 

On the whole con ixions on the Island should be much better in the future. 
However, it was really ^ime sOLething was one in regards uo improving 
existing conditions. 



Ill & BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 Dennl Hlasatel t Jan. 8, 1903. 

I:M[GRANT PROTECTION 

All nationalities 9 whose countrymen are moving in great numbers to 
this landy have societies > which have as their purpose the protection 
of their immigrant countrymen against unconscionable and evil-doing 
people 9 against oppression by officials , against exposition to the 
many vampires awaiting the immigrant at ports of entryt which also 
strive to advise their countrymen, and are helpful in the search for 
eraployment and the founding of the new home* Only we Bohemians, have 
nothing of the kind. Our national societies continually work on plans 
for the expansion of their ranks so as to assure their existence. We 
think that they have no better opportunity for this than when they prove 
to the immigrant, immediately upon his arrival in this country, that they 
actually practise true benevolence, and that love of their countrymen is 
not a mere farce with them* Every immigrant who in this manner 







- 2 - BOHEiJIAN 






Denni Hlasatel. Jan. 8, 1903, ^ 




would become acquainted with our national and welfare organizations i'^ 
would surely become their friend 9 and just as soon as it was possible 
for him, he would become a member also* Especially our liberal-minded, 
purely nationalistic societies should quickly take hold of this situation, 
because it might so happen, that they will be forestalled by sectarians 
and others, whose aims are not of the best« 



Ill 



BOnZLlAN 



I C Deanl niasatel . Jaa. 11, 1902. /lo-^/X 

III A f^^ r^ '"-^^ 

III B 1 ^^E PR0P0S3D BailGSATION lAV/J* \ ^ J 

•Ve Bohe-nians ere tVe best voters, at l^ast in the eyes of the elected poli- 
tioi--^ns. .Vhen v;e -:leot sorueone to an office, we do not trouble jurselves as to 
whether he surports our interests as wcrkin^Ten, retailers, or iaiu.i^rants, 
and it does not strike us at all that '.ve should ^ive our elected representative 
any instruction as to r.ov/ v;e wish hini to act in this or that matter. There 
is pending in Congress legislation pertaining to i^rr i^ration, which is of the 
utmost importance to our national existence. It is generally ex^.eoted that a 
very detrimental injnigration law v/ill be passed. All foreign born nationals 
are agitating against it, making every effort to stop this threat to their 
national existence. Only v;e Bohemians v/ith true Turkish resignation in the 
matter stand idly by and v/ait to see what our Congressmen v;ill think up for us. 



Ill G 
I C 



50HEMIM 




Denni Hlasatel, January 9, 1S02. .--Jiiiri :^« 
I- VIH. Sj 

IM?^:iGRATION RESTRICTION Vv *5/ 

We take notice of all sorts of things; we take sides according to political 
or religious beliefs; we wpnt to force our convictions upon one another; 
we argue about trifles; while the enemies, not only of us, but of all imrii- 
grents, industriously and harmoniously work against and dangerously threat- 
en our existence. In Congress, there was introduced a whole batch of pro- 
posals directed at the restriction of imnigration. These proposals, if they 
become law, along with those which are directed aga-inst anarchists and 
other radicals, who, however, have an anti-immigration tendency, will have 
the effect that, in forty or fifty years, Bohemian-Americans will not fight 
or argue among themselves - because there will not be any here» No one 
among us takes any notice of this danger which threatens us* 

The Germans, in all the larger American cities, have already banded together 
and are violently agitating against this restriction of immigration* They 

can accomplish nothing, however, if they are not supported by all the other 
immigrant groups, and all reasonable Americans, who realize tha.t this land 
owes its growth to the industry and merits of the immigrants. It is about 



- 2 - 



BOHEMIAN 




Denni Hlasate l, January 9, IS 02. 

time for Bohemians to come to some kind of an understanding as to what 
should interest all of us and quickly and harmoniously defend it. 






\^ 



V' a< 



/ 



Ill G Denni laasatel . Jan. 9, 1902. BCHICI/IAN 



I H 



/pffllllGRANTS CHARGED V/ITH LOWER WAGES7 







Amerioan employees and employers ?ilike, charge in.migr-^nts ere guilty of lo.ver- 
ing wages and creating oorr;petition through cheap labor. Te must admit that this 
accusation is partly true. The iT.raigrant upon his arrival in this land is ig- 
norant of loovil conditions and easily "becomes the instrument, of conscienceless 
profit rs, almost always ..mericans. Various henchmen work to deliver the im- 
migrant into sweatshops* where he is forced to labor to exhaustion for such 
low vvagt-w, thut this promised luad becoiaes a hell on earth for him, and he the 
unwilling tool that hurts the iaterests of all other workingmen. It is the 
duty of ^anerican Bohemians to so conduct themselves that such an accusation osa 
not be miide agaiust our counxry.i.en. ,«e should tijke care of this, botli individu- 
ally jrid collectively. In t^is matter vve ...ust iigain point to tiie Gerii.ans, who 
have iuj..igration offices in all the larger cities, ./here the immii^rant is given 
infor:i.ation and help, and in some instances, a Job is procured for him. 

Bohemian labor or£:;anizations -.nd societies ou;:ht to take this matter under con- 
sideration, avA endeavor to put our iui:nigrant brothers on the right road, so 

that they may not become the victims of bad people through their own unfamili- 

arity .vith local conditions. 



Ill G. 
V A 2 



BOHEMIAN 



Svornost. May 13tli, ISSO. y«/p/^ ^j. , . ^ 

Immigrants to Chicago And The West. 

According to reports of the German steamship Agency, there were 50fOOO immigrants 
during the month of ADril landed in New York. At least 25iOOO of these continued 
on to Cnicago and Westward. 

Among these were UOOO Polish, 2000 BoheraianB, Germans ISOO. Of these 25OO 
Polish and 1200 Bohemians* remained in Chicago expecting to earn their livelihood 
here. 

Those who continued further were for the most "oart people of some means while 
those remaining were mostly laborers without any property. Prom present indications 
there will he as many arrivals, if not more, this month as there were last month. 
There are plenty of inquiries for farm hands and for servants for there seems 

to he few farm hands and scarcely any servants among the new arrivals. 



/ 



T T -r ,- 



— ^VJ».-— < L .ill 



• r '-• • 



II D 10 
^I H 
17 



S^/o rno Ft, 1 a'"' -j , 1 ^j'iO 



L3T ITS -ELP OURSET'.v'S 




^> o V 



There i« consider^n-;le tr?.-: in ^rinlic v'-'DO'it t'L-'^ co"^ !^ ^c':"^ :>^i o'^ do-ip.t io?is 
for t-'^"* es^t^Ai"^ ish^ient of r '.'^'tiorir'^l Tiier.tre in Pr^-^ie, It is honed V'^p.t 
p.one contri'^rition v;ilj. "be sent frc. Chicr.^o, o-^it "before rny st£vrt is 
''npde to collect fnTid?". :^or this purpo^-e, it is unrvoidr'bly necessary, r.s 
'•7e scid more thc^n a week '^-so, rnd which "^^eco'ies 'nore ur>;;ent da,/ 07 day, 
thcit ^re tche erery cent, every doll<'^r, vhicli it is po^■siole to collect 
froT: O'lr ch;.rita"bje donors, for the "be-'efit of our countrymen arriving 
here continuously fro^r. our native Ic-nd movin^: to .^.nerica :o mcke homes 
I ere for th^riselves r-^nd' t/.eir children, which, in t^'eir n* tive l^nd, they 
were una'ole to .-cconp'^^i--^^ he.car.se of tre ,^overn'^.ent r-n'3- ''"rd times. 



At the present time, every c^nt so .^••ciousl:'' contrih^ited should he used 
onlv for the helo of those h^indreds of our countr>"'ien v/ho oassed through 
Chicago each r:ee'*<: toward the ^^vest. It v/ould he a. sin to divert this 
laoney torard c\n:/ other purpose, no matter how worthy, v/liile v;e see these 
hundreds of our* co^.intrymen at the railroad depots erch weeh, unfamiliar 
v/ith the lan^a';;^e, rohoed of "-ll their rreans, v/ornout ,.;,Toaiiin^: ^vith hun- 
ger; md thirsting for ever,y "bit of sincere a^'Wice and for all help no matter 
how small. 



30E±lI>:iAK 




Svornog-t, -v'ay B, 1880 

Any one who has viEited the railrord depot just once, v/hen a tra^in of in- 
mi-;r^nts arrived f-nd has met his corintrj men there, men, wonen and children, 
who ^followin^ our exa-'np"'e, pre coning to huild for the^nj^elves a more di^ni- 
fie; life in this Ir^nd of fre?^do:M, has seen their tronhles, h^s seen how 
they are swindled, rohbed • nd oppressed in soite of nil effort:? of the 
city T-)olice end railroad officials, will not harden his herrt toward these 
imf ortiinrtes and will pdnit thc?t all other cultural piirposes ra;ist 'r^'it un- 
til this condition i^. re-^:edied. 



"^^^e ri^.i'^ec. attention, to this ^nrtter puolicl./ ?a^^t week, to the Bohemian 
Tio'-Tet Ai.'^ents who sell railroad -rmd. stearnship tickets to t-ie peop'^e, 
thereby deriving a profit and a ^ ivinj; they ;re citir:ens: J. 3. Beloh- 
radsky, Vrclav K* spar, Fr. I^Fovrk, Aug. Geringer and V. Firla. It should 
be their chief concern to see that so::e sort f aid is provided .-md steps 
taicen 1^'/ nrovide sone liind of or.janization for the "oenefit of imriifprajits 
to Chica,v^o. They mrhe a profit from this, their interests rnd i;ain pre 
first. Thus fsr not one of the:^ has si^^nified ti.at he would take r^:r step 
in this natter. 



- ^ - BOriaMlAI 




Svornos t. May ^, V'O 

"*e Icnoy/ of no other method y'lere'^y this -luch-neefied ori-^nnization can "oe 
realised, except th,-t t-'-e al^ovc^.-naned citizens shonld n^et, dedic- tin,;^ one 
whole evening for the purpose of consultin^^ rnd taicin^^ the necessarj steps 
snon^ the lodo.;es ^iJid citizens of our city, '-r nust we v'ait until the sujn- 
mer's suHr/ da,7S have 'pes^eci^ until it "begins to snow, until several 
thousaJid Bohemians have orssed throu-;h CiiiCc.riO are c-irsin^ the city and 
all its inha'DitaJits, oecause at no other point in t';ieir ,iourne./ did the,7 
meet ^vitb nz]:/ in.im.stice or roh-^.er/" exceot here, (as is pointed out in the 
previo'^s para^-japhs) ' S.all v.e ^/ait, as so often ha.p^oens in national "».inder- 
takings, until Bohemians stoi.) arrivin^^, nd arrive wit>i t.-e cross after the 
fioneral"^ 

In t'ie name of several Boh mi an citizens who have many times gone to the 
railroad deoots and convinced themselves of the sufferin^:^ and need for some 
kind of aid for Bohemian im-^lgrants, p.nd. in the name of our national honor, 
the love toward our "brother countrymen felt by 0'.ir Bohemian fello".' citizens, 
v^^e Call once more for the cooperation of al"^ our countrymen, ana we urgent- 
ly De^^ tr:at t;:ie above named citizens, the ticket agents, whom it concerns 
most, should not delay, hut that they meat and decide as to wh*at in their 
opinion y/ould oe the proper procedure. 



_ 14 - 



BOHJilMlAII 




Svornost . Kajr £, 12.?0 



^ 



Let us show our coimtrynen, thrat there are in Coic^^go Bohemi.'ons, and to l3e 
s\ire Bohemic?-ns 'vho are not denationalized, out v;it a. warn heart ajid with 
the good old -^ohemian spirit, which seeks to nelo those hrothers in dis- 
tress. 



Ill 



--I 



30E!i::'iAK 



II D 10 
II D 7 
II D 1 




Svornost , April 27, l^SO 
PATRIOTIC D\EY OF RICMK) LOJ;SS 

A 'jK^ikT nj^:::d rcH prcl^ctio:" cr i:^mig^::ls 

!*r. J.F, VoSsat-'a, Bohemian ImTnij;r: tion A£;ente, on his v/a7 to Nevr York 
8'teT a trip tV(ro"'j.55,'h the west, ra? a visitor ft oiir office. He took ad- 
vantr?!:^e of ti'.e opportunity to inform us that irnTni--;raJits from -Sijrope, 
especially the Czecho, ;:re 7/elI provided, with protection a;^-ainpt all 
sorts of knavery, r-e hr^s ^^8X^1 letters fron settler? now livin?-: in tlie 
western part of cjr country oraising the service provided for th^^ir "bene- 
fit through out the entire .journey with the exception of Chicaj^o. It is 
£?id t:':at there are nore thieves and swindler? waiting to entice the rmwary 
imnir^^ant frorn the railroad stations in Chica-;;o thm anywhere else on the 
entire American .iourney. 

V/e pre not surprised hy this for we know t'l^t ?.t all railroad depots, 
wliere inmi,i^Taats ""uif qiiiili^^r with our domestic Ipn^^iage arrive, there ^re 
mr^ny a.:^ents of crooked hotels vaitin^- for then 3r\o. striving v:ith all their 
power to direct these quite often •')enniless imrd^ants to these strange 
hostelries, v/here they are lodged over night or lon,^er, fed rnisera"ble food 
^nd charged from SP.OO to 2:^0 per dcy. At last they are sent or to some 
railroad deoot to continue on tiieir journey. They hold out the immigrant's 



Ill /- p - ^ BOHEMAK 




Svornost , April 27, ISm 

'oagga^'ie checks if they do not have the money vdth v/hich to poy the exor- 
bitan.t charges accrued, and send them on v»lthout the oa^gai^e, holdin^i; it 
Dack ^intil they receive tlie money owed them. 

Imnigr^-^tion is at "a very higli pegk this year, es:oecially of Bohemians, 
so thp.t there .^re trro or three times epch week, 1 ar.,_^e groups o:^ Bohemians 
orrivin^ in Chic^^^o. ^-^n:/' of these fall into the hr'.nds of these svrindlers. 

The ^ernan people hrvo provided for tne protection of their im'riigr.^.nts 
through p,n Im:ni,^ration Society which looks after trie vrelfare of new ar- 
rivals, "but o'-ir n.-^tion/^l s do not have even a single reoresentative to look 
after the welfare of our nST/comers, As a matter of fact there sre some 
Bohemians, v/ho have sold out to tiiese greedy s:'-arl:s, who, as a rale, ^oard 
the immigration trains st some distance from Chicago in order to he ahle 
to line up the victims vrho ."re then tijirned over to the various hotels on 
a commission hasis. "^e do not kno^ the n?mes of sny of tl-ese ?/retches, 
t\it we have letters from some of their victims in v:hich it is stated that 
they w re often spoicen to in Bohemian and that therefore they v;ere sold- 

out and robbed by Bohemians. 



Ill 



'J- 






3oipiA^-;;x^ 



Svorn2£tt ^P^il 27, ISoO 




What cm be done e'oout this"^ Of co'irze it often happens tl'irt tiiere are 
man./ 3ohe~icns at the depots who, w ile waiting for the btt^vlI of friend?, 
do not iiesitate to rp.ve a helping hmd to some other nevrcoMer, r;S we saw 
last Sunday, but it is not ?^lw8.ys so and even with the greatest c^re it is 
not possible to protect every Bohe^riian a^;ainst loss, for if one is not pro- 
tected by soi'ie kind of or^;ani nation, he is v^^ry often pushed aro'ond if not 
actually be,' ten by the runners of these privile^^ed hotels. 

In order th^at rll 3oheni:^n inmi.-;rpnts ini^ht be protected and properly trken 
care of it is necessary to or^^anize so^ne kind of a£^^ncy which would have 
the Bohe^'.iaJi inimi^ants vrel-f'are to loo"'<: after, talie hold of then and their 
ba^/^age as fax as needs indicate rnd to deliver then to their friends here 
or to the nezt depot as the case mp'j be. 

In this maj:iner there ^'rould be hundreds, yes, thousands o:^ fanilies protected 
against great loss, r-nd this achievement would be much nore appreciated 
than ten times the achievements .of missionaries sonew^iere in Africa or 
Australia. 



Ill G - - U . 30H5:!vIAII 




SvornoFt , Aoril ?1 , Ig^O 

The question remrins p.p to lio\'' re can provide s^uch c respon?in'{ e a.-;9ncy'^ 
"''e hrve ^^n^ nu^il^er of honorp"bl e .?nd rble countrymen amon;:^- up ^^ho p1?o 
knor the En,f?;lish 1png'ir',:e, but they pre mostly ooor ^eoole r-md we do not 
hpve any *^ho could t.?]:e this service, with .'^ll of its duties rvA n^^cess- 
ary er-oenses, - nd c^rry on throughout t'le jepr without sone remijif^ ration. 
It is necess-ry t at -f-'e provide enough money to rt l^a?t cover unrvoid- 
ahl e ex senses. 

This week there is to he p neotin^;; of rll Borie::ipa Steamship) A.^ents here, 
who coild dircuss this -^atter and make sone reconr.iendation ?;-s to h --w to 
'meet the sita^^tion. T^et the-n not ^.^'\'=^y ^ but step ri,'.;ht in ^-nd ^--ork this 
probl.en out. 

From the relative standing of our Chdcai^'o '"od,;es vie can hardly e:>roect to 
get enou,-^Ji countrymen to orgr-^nire p protective society, such rs the 
wealthy G-er .f^ns have, but we can at least acconolish the most necess' ry. 
If r-11 our hrtiouf^l lod.-;^^es rnd societies, both ben-volent md chui^ch, 
without exceotion, pcce-jted the resolution, thrt every quarter ye^r they 
would ap oropric'^te fro"". their treasiiries $l/jO for trie ;)rotection of immi- 
grants, th^^re would be collected ever.y ouarter fron rt least fifty lod/^s 



in Cr 






30HE::iAr 




Svorn?gt, A .ril 27, 1?.m 

the Slim of $75.00 for which ^-'e could o'^^tain tho <-* rvio^s ':if r. relirole 
3oh^r:ii.--^n v^ho v^oiild tpl:e xroon inrelf the ohli ^rf'on o:^ lookin:^" after mir 
inni^:y^nts?. Vo believe tli^t tiii? could be rccon-olifhed in C;dcp.fi;o. 

Fif^cb of t'je lod,-:;es could po oint one of its -^e-iberr to re:)repent it in 
the ranks of a protective Fociety which ^rould meet fron ti^ne to ti^e, 
pnd nake jublic report? p'- to their nra^^ross, of w'lat benefit t: eir v^ork 
ip r:n(^.. v.'f>r?t fvirtl^er ste :;s ?hould be taken. I'here menberF- could ta'ce 
turns? in acconnanyin:s the nai^-^ re-'-re^entptive, to the vprio^i? denote to 
Tp.eet the arrival of irnl^a.nts rn(^. aBf^ist hiri in his duty of lookin;^ after 
the n-elfrre of tl:e imni -^rantr. 

This is our o -anion in the n/^tter, v^'':)ic s^irely v/il' co'^;e to to attention 
of all our coimtryuen in GJiic',:;© and v-e 'io^)e tha'.. the Steanshiu A/:ents, 
<oo derive a -orofit frorn t':is ir.r:i.x«^tion, vrill ta^.e t'l.e firpt ste-o to 
secure the co-o >eration of all lod,;es in this •■■'tter of aid -nd protection 
of imni^r^nts to Chic-'^o. 



Success for this und^:rtakin^. 



Ill s 
I c 

Svornost, April 26th, IggO. 



Immigrants. 



BOHEMIAN 




On Sunday, April 25th, there arrived in Baltimore, Md, , on the steamship Strass- 
hurg, en route from Bremen, 191^ Bohemian, German, Swedish and Norwegian 
immigrant s» 

They were taken to the railroad depot and put on "board, the majority with 
Wisconsin, Nebraska, Iowa, and Minnesota as their destination* 



\ 



III. AS3IMIIATI0N 
H* Relations 
with Homeland 




Bo:i:::i.iiriN 




III H 
I C 
IV 

Cesky Q'.M Fe llowt Fepteraber 1937. 

(^'arch 7, l85C-repteiber I4, 1937) 

From the poor soi. of an imperial terf to the presidency of an important republic 
and a istatosman of international otature and rop ite, tae story of Thomas 0* "asa- 
ryk's Career readii like fiction. lie v/oriced as a youth in a blacksmith's shop, but 
went to the university and eventually attained his docr.cr»s degree with a disserta- 
tion on "The Essence of Plato^s Poul'». On to Leipzig Jie went for more study, and 
there he met Charlotte Garrigue of Brooklyn. He followed h^b.^ck to America and 
married her in 1878. This was the first of four visits to America. 

On each visit he saw a little more of the democracy and freedom, wnich rie was to 
cnampion all his life. An outspoken opponent of Germany's encroachment on Austria, 
and more especially of Austria's encroachment on the Balkans, he v;us forced to 
leave Pra^,ue when th5 war broke out. Almost pen..ilecS, ne continuea, from .-/..itzer- 
land, Italy, England, and America his unceasin.^ battle for the freeaora of tae Czechs 

and Slovaks • 



-2- DOIiCLiIiay^ '^^e 




Ceskv Ode Fellow, September 1^^37» 

Even with his daughter imprisoned, Austrian spie^ followin£ hi ^i incessantly, and 
his son threatened with hanging, he never wavered from his purpose. 7ith Edward 
Benes as his collaoorator, and ";oodrow ".'ilson as his friend and admirer, he finally 
secured recognition of the Czech National Council in 1917. He was proclaimed the 
first president of Czechoi^lovtikia, and he has bt^en re-eiected ever since, (four 
times) . 

His task has been difficult. His country v/as surroundea by hostile neiihbors# In- 
ternally there were large numbers of Germans, '^ungurians, and Ruthenians. The 
Czechs were exponents of religious freedom. The ^lovaks were :ailitant Catholics^ 

But by his wisdom, courage, and fore::ight, L!asaryk has succeede : in welding all 
those antagonistic elements together. It has been a colossal Job, but ""homas G# 
Masaryk was a colossal man. His in/*l'"=^nce was the outcome of high moral character; 
the power and authority of his personality are the result of a rare combination of 
idealism and realism. In short he was a statesman really wor'hy of the name. 



Ill H 30H3viL\IT 

II D 10 

III B 2 Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 26, 1.22* 
IV 

FOR thj; Czechoslovak Ljigioinjiliir^ caus^i: 

Six years a.:^o Professor T. G. Masair/k, the leader of the revolutionary party ^ 

of Czechoslovakia, xvas convinced that not only mone2r,i«!iicli was generously J' 

contributed by the Czechoslovaks of America, out also military help was need- p. 

ed /for ti e liberation of our old homelandT'^ That dictura was brought to us by ^'" 

one of the nost famous sons of our nation, the now deceased General Stefanik. -c 

ilfter a conference with the local leaders here, the Ceskoslovenska Narodni Rada rp 
Americka (Czechoslovak-ilmerican National Council /the central office of which 
is located in Chicag£7)i issued a call for volunteers who v;ould be willing to 
risk their lives and shed thjir blood so that our dear native land might be 
wrested from the usurping Hapsburgs. ^'^jid lo, the very first day that the call 
was issued, many of our boys volunteered, boys vmo were proud to be able to 
serve in liberating the land of their fathers from the German yoke. The cars 
of the train carrying the first co:itingent of these boys v;ere sv;athed in garlands 






Ill H - 2 - • BOIklTillAIT 

II D 10 

III E 2 Denni Illasatel , Nov. 26, 1932. 
IV 

of flowers, and the ajres of all ;vho came to bid then adieu v/ere 

filled v;ith tears of pride and gratitude Cur bo^^s were leaving for 

battles with the enemy for mortal combats, but our silent wishes accomoanied 
them, wishes which, if expressed ..ould say: **Co::ie bac>: to us as victors; -^ 
and since no sacrifice jas too .::.reat for you, nor v;ill any sacrifice be 5 
too great for us /yho are left behind^ to make possible the freedon of our <=i 
native land I" t 



The terrible .Vorld V/ar is ended, and the land v/hich cradled us is liberated. 
But while v;e hare followed thc:.^ events of the theater of war, and went about 
peacefully in performing our dail^r .vork, our boys were shedding thair blood. 
They came back victorious indeed, but not 'dll of them returned. Ninety- 
seven of them laid down thiir lives upon the altar of their fatherland. And 
their v;idows and orphans, poor and pitiful peoplu, now mourn their fomer 



z:^ 



Ill H - 3 - BOHSMLm 

II D 10 

III B 2 Deiini Hlaaatel . Nov. 26, 1922» 
17 

supporters. 'jVho made promises to these legionnaires? We J -Vho 
should therefore care for these widows and orphans. 7/eI 

One hundred and fifty of our boys came back as invalids and are unable to ^ 

v;ork and earn their daily bread. Who should care for these men? Wet We ^ 

promised that we would! The revolution ended successfully but our work is 'p: 

not ended until we have discharged our obligations fully. >[7 

^ .' 
The ITarodni Rada recently issued a call to Czechoslovak-Americans to collect E?. 

money for a permanent fund of §100,000 for the alleviation of misery and o. 
suffering among our invalids and the widows and orphans of Czechoslovak 
legionnaires. As enthusiastically as the boys went to war, as enthusi- 
astically must we also end our revolutionary activities by establishing this 
fund for the widows and orphans of our fallen heroes, and for legionnaire 
invalids. We asked for their blood and their lives I V/ho will now refuse 



^v: 



II D 10 

III B 2 Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 26, 1922. 
IV 

/to contribute to the fundT? Nobody! For whoever does is a 
heartless wretch devoid of feeling. 

For the comraittee: ^ 

Ivlr. Jan A. Gervenka, president /of the National CouncilZ; p 
!.lr. Frantisek Horlivy, socretary. 



-JO 



Ill H BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

IV Dennf Hlasatel > Nov» 16, 192^ • 

m FESTIViiL TO COMMMOi-^Tii TilS BRIKaUIG OF Tlld; 30IL OF 

CZECHOSLOVi^ailA TO CHICAiGO 

The Ceskoslovenskd Ndrodnl Rada v Americe (Czechoslovak National Council in 
America) has issued a call to all the Czechoslovaks of Chica^i^o ana vicinity, 
regardless of their political or religious affiliations, to attend a festival 
in v.'hich an urn, containing the sacred soil of places very dear to all of us, ^ 
will be received* ••••The urn was sent as a present to the Czechoslovak people rj 
of America by the Masar^/'kovy Akadenie Prace (Masaryk*s Acadamy of Labor) as -xj 
an expression of gratitude for the v;ork of liberation of our old homeland by o 
the Czechoslovaks of this country. The shipment of the urn was accompanied by co 
the following letter: 



*^ay you, our brothers, as well as your children who were bom on the soil of 
your new homeland, be inspired v/henever you look upon this urn. May the 
secret whispers of the symbolism of these three clods of native earth become 
audible to 3''0U« They are a gift of love. Help us to defend that liberty 



% 






c^ 



Ill H - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

IV Deimi Hlasatel^ Nov* 16, 192k:. 

which you have built for us, and now cultivate the seeds of your comnion labors 
together with us here who live beyond the seas*** 

In view of the importance of this festive occasion, the National Council 

invited some outstanding nationalist workers to be the speakers at the ^ 

ceremony* The full program is given below: (1) Music; (2) Opening of '>- 

cereraonies by the president of the Nfirodnl Reda, dr. John A. Cerveiika; (3) ^ 

A festival speech by Mr. Karel Pergler, the first official representative of Z 

the Czechoslovak government to the United States; (4) A speech by the ^ 
Reverend Oldrich Zl&nal, of Cleveland, Ohio; (5) A speech by Mr# Albert Mamatey, 2 

Czechoslovak consul from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; (6) The viewing of the urn ^ 
by the public • 



After the speeches, the urn will be on display in a special room so that every- 
one might have the opportunity to see the sacred soil of his native land* 
The Ndrodn£ Rada, hoping that it would meet with the desires of our countrymen^ 
ordered some pictures to be made of the urn, and anyone desiring such a 
picture may obtain it as a souvenir. 






Ill H • 3 - BOJailiJ^ 

III B H 

IV Denni iaagatel , Nov. 16, 19^^.. 

The patriotic Czechoslovak public of Chicago should set aside tomorrow as a 
national holiday/, and attend trie festival and the ceremony in large numbers. 
The ceremonies will start at 8 ?.Li. 

The Narodni Svaz Seskych Katolfku (National .Jliance of BohemieJi Catholics) 
has likev/ise issued a proclamation to its meiribers as follov/s: 






"Friends — On Friday evening, accoraing to the proclamation of the Narodni! Rada, 
there v;ill be presented to the Czechoslovak people of Anerica an urn containing 
the sacred soil of Rip, Velehrad, and D^vin. The urn was recently brought to ^ 
the United States hy Mr. Jan St rake, president of the Narodnf Jvaz. The urn 
vas entr^jisted to hin during his visit in Czechoslovakia, v/hen he was asked to 
take it to his countrymen in ijnerica and have it deposited in some fitting ^ 
place that it night forever serve as a reminder of t/-ings Czechoslovak. The 
act of receiving that urn will be an exalted one. By viewing the urn wit-^i its 

sacred contents — the soil from, places infinitely dear to us — we are to re- 
member the land of our birth and bear in mind that we are a transatlantic 



o 



»-«_• 



Ill H - 4 - BOHSLili^I 

liX B 2 

XV Dennf lllasatel, Ncv. 16, 192^. 

branch of the brave and nov; liberated Czechoslovak n-dtion. V/e Bohemian 

Catholics have ever been co^^nizant of our duty as Czochoslovarrs and have always 

done our duty honorabljr and loyally, v/e have proved as Catriolics and as Czechs 

that we could alv/ays be dapended upon to come to the aid of our nation; we 

have kept our escutcheon unsullied by doing our sacred duties v:ell, by working :^ 

indefatigably for the great future of the Czechosloval-: nation for whicn vie 5 

still v/ork* ~ 

'*Our iremories will be refreshed at the Friday festival v/r-ich is to be held in ^ 
Pilsen Park ut *-;est 26th Street and .Jb-iny revenue at 8 ?• M,. Our folk should o 
be well represented at this festival which is one of the most significant ones ^ 

CD 

for the Czechoslovaks of /jnerica; by attending, we shall prove that we iiave !:j 
remained loyal to our ideals, ^jad all should be there to manifest our pure love 
to that land wliich served as a cradle to a great many of our ancestors. V/e 
kiss thee oh soil, hallov/ed by the blooa and love of our ancestors, oh soil 
from places so sacred to us and so dear; our eyes are moist with tears of 
gratitude, the gratitude of a distant iUnerican br-.inch to its own nation for 



CD 
-^ 



III H - 5 - BQrSMI.^{ 

Hi B H 

IV Dennl aasatel , IIov. 16, 1^22. 

having sent thee to us nere, so that you might live witi: us and arnong us and 

be a symbol of concord and perseverunce. By touching thee, our lagging strength 
shall increase and efforts expand; thou snalt constitute a firm, bond between 
us and the Czechoslovak nation." 






■X) 
O 

Cxi 

• -J 



Ill H 



BOiiaiJEAlI 



II A 2 

IV Deimi Klasat el> Oct* 3, 1922. 

Ksr;;s zhck tie czechojlovak 

CIIA1IB3R OF COlHIilHCS 

The Geskoslovenska Obchodni Komora, (Czechoslovak Chamber of Coinmerce) of 
Chicago was founded to carry out the noble aiia of cultivatias mutual 
relations between comnercial and industrial concerns in the old homeland and 
those of this count rj^, through the medium of the Obchodni a Zivnostenska 
x2>mora v Prase (Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Prac^ue) and various other :^ 
chambers of Czeclioslova}:i-i. .imong the members of this Czech Chicago institu- 
tion there arc a great many Czech businessmen. The Komora has already accom- 
plished a great deal of meritable v;ork, and deserves to be knovm better by 
everyone. To make this possible, but also to celebrate the happy return of 
all our Chicago countrymen who visited the old homeland this summer, the Komora 
has arranged a reception to be held on October 18. ...in the Pilsen Park 
pavilion, V/est 26th street and Albany Avenue. 

The supper will be served by the ladies at 7 P.M. The names of these ladies are 



-T3 



CO 



Ill H - 2 - BOIEMIAI n" 

II A 2 

rv Denni HLasatel , Oct. 8, 1922. 

a sufficient guarantee that the supper ;vill be a first-class affair, 

-tifter supper there will be an interesting prof^ram in which some of our % 

foremost artists will participate, as for instance the well-known violinist, ^ 

Hr. Jiri Hrusa, and the concert singer, Mrs. larie L3chnabl. There will be r= 

Antes, of Domazlice, and liss i\nna Lukes, of Prague. The Ludvikovo Divadlo -^ 

(Frank Ludvik Dramatic Association) has augmented the program with a comic 5o 

duet. There will be some speeches, each lasting about five minutes, by the 2 

representatives of the Kiomora and the returned members of the two expeditions ai 
to Czechoslovakia. Dancing will begin at 10 P.M. 






The admission, including supper, is $1.50. The tickets have already been 
mailed out, but additional ones may be obtained from the follovjinf;: IJr. Lt 
Solar, treasurer of the committee, 3215 V/est 26th Street; lir. A. Schnabl, 
West 26th Street and Trumbull Avenue; and Mr. K. V. Janovsky, IVest 51st 
and Robey Streets. It is advisable that everyone secure his tickets at once, 
for the entertainment committee must knov/ in advance how many places should be 
i^served for the supper. The committee... .consists of Messrs. Karel V. Janovsky, 



III H - 3 - B0E3MIAI T 
II A 2 

IV Denni laasatel ^ Oct. 8, 1922* 

Jolin A. Cervenka, Anton J. Cemak, J. A. Sokol, J. H. Kbtek, Frank G. Hajicek, % 

Louis Jalovec, Louis Solar, A. Laadt, Vvilliam Ilnatek, Josef Citta, I. ?• Zetek, ^ 

Sam Strobl, Rudolf Liska, and IJesdanies A, ochnabl, i\nna Zarobsky, Jennie F 

Sistek, Emma Kikodem, Katerina llovy, IJarie Hnatek, Josefina Beranek, and several ^ 

others. It is up to every participant of either expedition to see to it that S 

all tickets for the reception are sold. Let us all give a helping hand to 2 
the hard working cormittee so that this entertainment will meet with complete 
success. 



CO 



cx» 



-CJ 



III H 30Ee:lii.\it 

III G 

Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 24, 1922 • 

TO HONOR TIE HSTOHinilTG D2LEGAT2S. OF TIE T.JO K<Pi]DITI0N3 

TO C2SCH0SL0Vj^J:IA 

The Ceskoslovenska Obchodni Konora (Czechoslovak Chairibor of Coinmerce) has 

begun extensive preparations for a reception in honor of the delegates of ^^ 

the Cesko-i oner idea Obchodni Vyprava (Boheioian-Ziinerican Comnercial Expedition ^ 

/to Czechoslovakia/) and those of the ITarodni Svaz Cesk:^ch Katoliloi (National ^ 

Alliance of Bohenian Catholics) /i7ho visited the sane count i^T". The reception r3 

is to take place on October 18, 1922, at 6:30 P. II., and its purpose is to ^- 

afford the nenbers of these t;70 expeditions and their friends an opportunity ^ 

to meet, to be entertained, and to exchance their viev;s and news about the 5^ 
old homeland* 

Tliere can be no doubt that the participants of the tv/o expeditions will v/elcome 
this piece of neivs with great pleasure, for the project was discussed even 



Ill H - 2 - BOIIBiaAIJ 

III C 

Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 24, 19.J2. 

before the expeditions arrived in Europe. To satisfy the anticipations of 
the Czechoslovaks of Chicago v/ho ivere merabers of either expedition, the 
Koiiora got busy and started preparations for an evening of entertainiient 
connected v;ith a banquet to be given for the aforenentioned participants. •••• 
It will be a reunion i/hich every nember of the tv;o expeditions is looking 
forward to. The next connittse meeting, in v/hich details of the affair v/ill 
be discussed, will be held on Septeiiiber 26, 1922, at 8 P. M. in iir. Schnabl^s 
restaurant, ./est 26th Street and Truiabull ^ivenue. ^11 laembers of the 
Czechoslovak Chamber of Corx^nerce and the participants of either of the tv/o 
expeditions are invited to attend. 



o 



CO 

en 



Ill H BOHELgAN 

II A 2 

Denni Hlasatel , Aug. 26, 1922* 

LISMBSRS OF THE BOHELffiAN-AMSRICAN 
COlDvISHCIIAL SXPEDITIOII TO CZECHOSLOVAKIA 

RETUI^ TO CHICAGO ^ 

According to a radiogram received by us, the Chicago members of the Cesko- ^ 

Americka Obchodni Vyprava (Bohemian-American Commercial 3xpedition ^o U 

CzechoslovakiaT") will return to Chicago today, ^ames of Chicagoems who ^ 

are returning with the expedition are omitted in translationjj^ 2 



CO 



1:3 

en 



Ill H 

II D 10 

I E Denni Hlasatel , Aug. oO, 1922. 

THE KATIOMAL SOCIALIST CLUB FRjiSL PREPARES 



BOHEI-.'TLVtT 



AIT E5CFEDITI0N TO BOIEi!.'! 






The Bohemian Narodni Socialni Delnicka Beseda Fresl v Chicagu (rational Social- ^ 
ist l'/orkingmen*s Oiub Fresl of Chicago), v/ell known on account of its activities;"^ 
for the benefit of our boys durinp; the v/ar, is at present busy making prepara- -^ 
tion for an expedition to Boheiriia. The Club appointed a coimnittee for that p 
purpose, and the expedition is to be undertaken at the time of the five hun- ^ 
dredth anniversary of the death of our ^'-reat v/ar lea ier, John Zizka of Trccnov. ^P 
/Translator's note: Zizka v;as the chief Hussite es^neral durinf^ the first half ^' 
of the fifteenth centuryjJT* The committee has devised a plan whereby the mem- ' ^? 
bers of the cluu may r^ake weekly or monthly savin^-^s deposits and thus accumu- "^ 
late the money necessary for the fare. The secretary of the Clue is our well-known 
countryman, Mr. Anton Podlipsky, 1633 South Throop Street, Chicago, Illinois. 



Ill H 

II D 10 

Denni Hlasatel> Aug. 17, 1922. 



BOHEMIAll 



AMERICAN BOHEMIANS M<D THEIR GIFTS 
TO IHEIR OID HOMEIAl® 
^n Abstract^ 

'^^le daily press of Prague mentioned the three Czechoslovak-American ex- 
peditions, two of which were composed of Chicago Czechoslovaks. Among 
other, not strictly relevant, remarks, the fact is mentioned that many of 
the visitors who came from the United States had not seen their old country 
for 30, 40, and even 60 years. Much space is taken up with reports on the ^ 
various charitable deeds of the Chicago organizations for the benefit of 
Czechoslovakia. Eight of the outstanding Czech leaders of Chicago are mentioned. 
The gifts amounted to 125,000 Czech crowns. 






y 



o 



III H BOHa^lAN 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel , July 20, 1922 • 

A CONFSEEiraS 07 Hi\3IJC.;iT GZECKa:'.LOV.ir:iAl^ ^\ND TliE OFFIOIiiLS 
OF Tx4i: CZSGIi03LCV..KI.x:: aGVERM..EITr ^T PR.1GUE 

translator* s note: This meetinr;, which took place in the offices of the Narodni 
Rada Geskoslovensica (Gzechoslovakian national council) on Lasarykovo Nabrezi 
(Masaryk's jdp.y) in I'Tixt^de on .,'edneiiday, July 5, 1922, consisted of Gzech leaders 
fron the various cities of the United States; a^iong then v^ere several representa- -'• 
tives frOiTi Ghicago. Tne underlain * ideo v.as the stabilization of the then newly 3 
formed republic, particularly its econo:;iic life and its relations to the United -^ 
States, especially as regards coifLuerce and industry. Since most of the material 3 
refers to matters not directly bearing upon the life and activities of the 
Ghicago Gzechs, only one or tv.o passages are translated here v;hich reflect the \ 
attitudes of the econoirJic and sooic.1 leaders of the Czechs of Ghicago. Thus Ivlr. 
Jo3:in A. Sokol, v.ho is a successful \-hclGsale tea and coffee merchant here, saidjY 

"llie economic Question is basic for the republic /of GzechoslovakiaT"* V7e have 
worked for four years, but the results are meager, lihat is needed is a greater 



::? 



c.:.» 



•w^ 



Ill H - 2 - 

IV 

Denni Hl^iss'tel, July 20, 1922. 



BCir:i::.:i;j^i 



confidence on the part of iiinerica in the ability of the Czech businessmen to 
neet their contracts, 'xhis is of utr.iost iir.port-irce. Your people are e;;ood cjid 
honest, but v;hen soiue of then atteifipted to It^unch eiiterpriseo they encountered 
obstacles which v ere put in their path by their ov.n govermneijt. .7e iUaericans 
are alv.ays ready to VvOik for an ideal, but \.hen v.e t.ee these political (covern- 
mental) hindrancec, v.e stop. In the future, ^jnerica vvill be tbe only country 
v.hich can be considered aependablo. Jhe will be your best friend politically, 
as i.eli as economically. 3hov; us that you are oerious; it all depends on 
you..... £First of ailT" develop your saiiple rooms in Vvhich your £^oods are to 
be exhibited. These rooms can be located in one buildinr, and can be rented 
by the merchants and industrialists for a whole year, iilso you need modern 
hotels here. The future of the Jzcchoslovaician republic mil depend on the con- 
fidence of the foreicn countries." 

Kr. iCarel \esely, a Jhica.-o attorney, and another member of the delegation, 
thoU'^t that GzechoslovaKia had made a mistak:e by instituting lav:s v/hich are 
alien to Gzechoslov:.k:ian culture. "This should be chan'^ed. You ouf^ht to enact 



^^ .. 






Ill H - 5 - 3chel;ljt 

Denni Hlas-itel , July 20, 1922, 

lawG vjhicri v/ould :aa.:e it possible for aj:ierican businessi.ien to obtain iiiport 
and export pePi-its. This is a (pvernnental function, but instead, you have in- 
vested certain individuals ;.ith the authority to re/nalate trade '* 

Heverena Vaclav Vanek, referrinf; to the critics 1 opinions of sone of the mem- 
bers of the delee^w;tion, said: ''V.e are in a fa, lily circle here, and, therefore, 
in spite of the criticisms, -pod v.lll must prevail. ..e ..lUst consider the effects - 
of the foroir.n yoke v.hich exerted its pressure upon /j^3choslovak:ia7' for three 
hundred years.'' 

« 

/Translator's note: Lr. Bohus Hale, a dele /ate of the Chicago 3o:cols, Vx. Vladimir ; 
Gerin^er, son of the publisher of the Jhica^TO Svornost , were also soealcers in this' 
political and econoj.iic symposiui;:. The article is tv»o columjiis Ion:,./ ' 



III H BOEnilvJ/xN 
II i. 2 

IV Denni Hlasatel , June 15, 1922. 

CJHIG..GC CQHTINGONT OF 'HIE BGH^::i.ii:-.v.l2HIC;.j: OOW^.JliOl^ 
DEU^G^TIC:: VI^Il.; ^l^E:Zi:n:7i: !.:.i>3^YK 

ySalf-tone, three ccluinn-fifth of a page, vie;v of eight :aej;ibers of the Chicago 
delegation grouped around Dr. i^asaryk; another half-tone, three colunn-three- 
sevenths of a par.e, viev; of a letter head vdth the President's castle at Lany 
and below it the sip:naturej of the President and the Chicago men as follows: 
T. G. Llasaryk, Dr. ^vlice G. Masaryk, Colonel Victor Hopi.e, The Reverend Vaclav 
Vanek, John A* Sokol, Charles Vesely, Joseph Dusek, Vaclav L. Rezabek, Frantisek 
Zajicek, Bohus Hak, Frantisek J. Llaly, Franta IJarik, John Pecha, Dr. 0# 3. Pavlik, 
Anton J. Zahrobsky, J. F. Stepina, E.-iil Tuma; ivlesu^jies Eugenie Patterson, and 
Eella Hoppe_J^ 

Last Friday we received another conrriunication from our friends who, as members 
of the Coskoslovensko-xjaericka Obchodni Vyprava (Czechoslovak-American Commer- 
cial Delegation) are nov/ probably in Pra^^ue. The letter — and it was a volumi- 
nous one — v;as mailed to us by the Reverend Vaclav Vanek. The letter, which 



"C 



III H - 2 - BOHEMIxiN 
II A 2 

IV Denni Hlasatel , June 18, 1922. 

bore the post date of May 29, 1922, enclosed several pictures of which we re- 
produce two. The Chicago delegation iiiade a trip to Lany, the summer residence 
of President Liasaryk, and the upper picture will show the members of that group, 
translator* s note: Omitted in translation are the names of members of the 
Chicago delegation previously reported in the description of the second half- ^ 
tone^ Among other things which the Reverend A/aclav Vanek, v:ho is the secretary 
of the Delegation, wrote was that the visit was facilitated by Captain Emil 
Tuma 









On this occasion the Reverend Vaclav Vanek addressed the President as follows: 

"Mr. Presidentl Since the day when your republic of Czechoslovakia was born, o' 

we, the Czechoslovaks of America, have honored two George V/ashingtons , fathers cW 

of their ^espectiveT" countries: One is buried at I»lount Vernon in Virginia, 

not far from the capital city of the United States — Washington; the other 

resides in our dear and now liberated mother city of Prague. I am not going 

to tire you with a long speech. You knov; yourself how much we all love you. 

Your name is a mighty one which was and is able to call us out of our graves, 



III K - 3 - BGIIZLIIAN 
II .^ 2 

IV Dejini Hlacatel , June 18, 1922. 

craves of indifrerence ana half -measures. I hen 7^'- -o hold ycur protecting 
hand over our young nation, and especially to give succor to the poor and the 
v-retched, \,e stand behind you as one r.iejim All you need to do is to say the 
v;ord and no sacrifice vail be too difficult fo.^ us." 

The speaker then introduced the rieinbers of the dele^jation. The President 

thankee the speaker briefly, and, after shaking hands with everyone, invited 

the dele^'-ation to a luncheon v.hich v.^s v-'aitin;:, -o 



The luncheon consisted of rissole fried a la Pcir.padour, roast £:oose, nev/ pota- 
toes, cucumber salad, asparagus, holland sauce, fresh strawberry ice cream 
fruits, coffee, v.lnes of all varieties, ci.-rjrs, cigarettes, etc. Zvery member 
of the delegation had a place especially assi^^ied to him, vath a place card 
bearinr the President's crest and the name of the invited person. •••• 

After luncheon ivas over the xTesident and the delegates repaired to the smaller 
audience hall v.here, o\er cups of black coffee, the President entertained his 



f~" 
I — 



•*"~* •■ 

• 



III H - 4 - BOHEMIAN 
II A 2 

r 

IV Denni Hlasatel , June 18, 1922. 

visitors and where the list of names of all the guests was signed by him. The 
wife of the President made her appearance among us at this time and remained 
for about thirty minutes. 

In a very simple manner she said: ''I wish to introduce myself; I am Mrs. ^^ 
Masaryk" ^ 

The sojourn at the President's castle at Lany was considered most enjoyable 
by all the delegates 



»v 



^Zi 



Ill E Boii sia^a^ 

II A 2 

IV Denni Hlasatel > Jime 17, 1922. 

LEIECRS 0? THE BCaELilivIWJvISSIC/iN GOIIfiiRCLJL 
KCPEDITIOK VISIT THE TCVflT OF PCDI;BELJ)Y, CZilCTIOSLOVi^KIA 

2^alf-tone, five coltunn-h^.lf of a paG©f vievv^ of members of the Chicaco group 
at the Podebrady picnic cvounclsJJ 






The members of the Cesko-Zimericka Obcliodni Vyprava (BoheLiian-American r^ 

Commercial iSxi^edition) made several joint trips to various parts of Czecho- gg 
Slovakia and v;ere everywliere warmly received. A large nujnber of them visited o 
the town of Flzen (Pilsen) , the famous old town of Domazlice, . . .and on Liay 31, ^ 
1922 a visit was made to the town of Fodebrady where our friends vjere warmly i:^ 

received The above picture serves to illustrate the occasion and many 

of our readers will recovnize the faces of our Chicago countrymen such as 
the Reverend Vaclav Vanek, Dr. 0. S. Pavlik, llr. Anton Sclmabl and wife, 
Dr. H. !• Brown and wife, Libuse Bartucek-Brovm, I.Ir* Jan Bartusek and wife, 
Mr* Frantisek Zajicek, Llessrs A. J. Zahrobsk^', Jan F. Zetek, Vojtecji Zikmund, 



Cjrt 



III H - 2 - BOHELHAJT 
II A 2 

IV Denni Hlasatel , June 17, 1922* 

Dr. Marie Soma, Mr. N. Krametbauer , Mr. Josef Dusek, Mrs. 0. S. Pavlik, 
Miss I.Iildred Pavlik, Mrs, M. Jiran, Mrs. >i. Zahrohsky, Miss Anna Zahrobsky, 
Mesdames Frantiska Hulka, B. E. Jirka, E. C. Janousek, Marie Zeinan, and 
Marie Dusek. The above r,roup, therefore, is exclusively' a Chicago group, 
and our local countr^aien will be glad to know how well they fared in the 
old homeland 






3D 



Co 
CD 

-^ 
en 



Ill H 13 oiii::.:iAi: 

II A 2 

IV Denni riasatel , June 16, 1922. 

is,7S :^:rc:: TiIZ B0i2:.a^iiXw..iiRiCAK 

Ca.:,2RCL'xL ii-G-'JDITICII 
^alf-tone, four column- ruarter of a pa^e, :^ 

croup piCoure of Cliicaco .eiibers of the expedition :^ 



photographed in front of a public building 
in Domazlice, Czecho Slovak ia/" 



r~ 



"T7 

Cn Tuesday ^^y 23, 1932, the members of the Cesko-ivmericka Obchodni Vyprava o 

(Bohemian-^'imerican Commercial nJxpedition to Czechoslovakia) arrived in oj> 

Domazlice. j?hey v/ere led by lieverend Vaclav Vanek of Chicago, v/ho is a S 

native of that town.,««I ost of then v;ere industrialists and businessmen ^ 
some of 7/hom desired to visit their native tovm, others \vishinc to see the 
ancient and historical place itself. 

The members oi the I]:>rpedition v/ere ,-;reeted v.-aniily by the mayor of the 



IT'Ji • ^ - :iOiiSi:ix: 

IV Den-.i Illasatel , June 16, 1922, 

toi^/n, i r, latej i:elner, . . .•wtio assured everyone that he v;ould be x^'arrJLy 
received by the inhabitants of Doriazlice. .-Reverend Yanek responded en 
behalf of the visiting ^:roup, after -.:hich everyone busied hinself v;ith 

Getting settled m his hotel, rhe afternoon r;as uovcted to a joint visit ^ 

to all important historical Lieir.orials and the shady ^^oods at the outskirts 5 

of the to'..Ti. In the cvenizig there vras a banquet in honor of the visitors .^:^ 

in the local Solcol hall followed by a soiree, 'fhe progran v/as entertaining p 

and varied. •• •Brother Jan ..ristof, representing tne Jokol Joiaazlicky , ^ 

officially greeted the rxcnbers and v/as thanked on behalf of the Sokol g 

Slavsky of Chicago by brother _^ohunil :'ak, /Translator's note: here ^ 

follo'vs a list of nanes of the Chicago and other visitors. The list is g 

one-fourth of a colunm long and are omitted in translation./^ o^ 



„ III H Boira.a[i\iT 

III c 
* III D Denni Hlasatel , Juno 8, 1922. 

A NE:Y P.\TRICTIC U:^D of the BQaRD OF EELEaiTICS TO IHE 

B0II2I.X^\^ l^lTIOlv/iL c:2.i:TSRy 

Although last night *s meeting of the Sbor Ceskeho Ilarodniho Ilrtitova (Board 

of Delegates to the Bohemian National Cemetery) vras not as well attended as 

on other occasions, the proceedings of the meeting v;ere not only very interest- :^ 

ing, but nev; evidence of the patriotism of the delegates v/as demonstrated. ••• 

It v^ras decided by an over.«/helming majority, and after a lengthy debate, to 

order the executive committee to purchase more bonds of the Republic of y' 

Czechoslovakia for v25,000. The debate follov/ed a statement made by the ;* 

chairman of the executive committee, W.r. J. a. SfiTiejkal, that "the cemetery 

has :;)40,0C0 on hand xvhich ought to be used for the purchase of some good .^^ 

bonds". A motion that Czechoslovak government bonds be bought met with 

opposition from some of the delegates v;ho v;ero of the opinion that "some 

good reliable /u-ierican bonds should be purchased" instead, but after a 

calia and orderly debate in v/hich other delegates declared that "in the 



-D 



i" 



Ill II - 3 - 30IIH3.X\IT 

III C 

III D Deiini lilasatel, June 8, 1922 



^^^^ • 



interest of the old homeland, and in spite of certain risks, such Czecho- 
slovak bonvis, v/hicL are guaranteed ^o^ the present ::overn::ient — custons 
receipts and the income of tobacco i.iono'poly — should be purchased. 1. David 
moved that jib, 000 be used for that purpose. John ICalas thereupon moved 
that .,i25,000 be used for the purchase of such bonds. The motion v/as adopted, c^r- 
After disGussini: the uestion in c^^^'^'t detail v;ith Vaclav Gipra, .;ho is an 5.' 
e:'n;)ert in those matters, and after further speeches by I.essrs. V. Kopecky -n^ 
and '.'. J. pjtrzelka, v/ho. .. .insisted that . . . . -^ve do our patriotic auty and r* 
buy the Czechoslovak bonds," the matter v.^s voted on. Since the mere ^ 
raisinr of hands '/as not found adenuate (not clear v/hether som.e of the ^^ 
delegates voted for the -;;15,000 or the o25,000 sum) L.r. petrzelka moved 
that all voting be aone by roll call, inis resulted in the delegates 
deciding that the sun of .:.25,000 be used for the purchase of the Gzechc- 
slovak government bonds. About eleven delegates voted for .,ilu,0C0, and 
about t'.:o or three abstained from voting. Wo one voted against the purchase. 
Thus, the last meeting of the Sbor did honor to the delegates v/hen vie consider 



r 1 
1. .- 



Ill E - 3 - BCILjILJ/JI 

III c 

III D Deniii Illasatel , June 0, 1922. 

that on one previous occasion 510,000 v;as voted for the same purpose, that 
on all other occasions they alv;ays shov;ed themselves c^neroMS vihen any 
patriotic matter v;as to be supported financially, and that the Sbor is 
extrerxely economical in handlinc the financial affairs of the Hrbitov* 

Ihe executive committee v.^s oriered to furnish estimates in connection r;ith 
the -oro-oosed enlargement of the columbarium and in connection v;ith the 
"artistic execution and f illinr of the empty spaces v;ithin the cupola of 
the crematory,". . ..A re^'uest made by the CzechoGlovak Le^^ionnaires that the 
Ilrbitov pay the cost of laying the foundation for the monuments to be 
erected on the graves of tv/o Le^:ionnaires (the monuments to be paid for 
by the Le^^ionnaire society), v;as referred to the board of directors. The 
request of the Cstrostrelci ( Sharp sho .: t e rs ) , v;hose society disbanded and 
v/ho desired that their delegacy be transferred to some other organization, 
was scraor>ed. 



"3> 






Ill K - 4 - BCELII.;!! 

Ill C 

III D Deniii Jilasatel , June 8, 1922. 

?ron the plats v;orl:ed out Tor the Ilrcitov by .irchitect VII:, it appears 
that, acccrdinf' to the survey just corapleted, the Ilrcitov ^jained somewhat 
in property rirLtfuily belcntjinc to it, but i;as not av/are that it OTmed 
additional property. 

The sun of .)1,450 vjas paid to the Ilrbitov for the perpetual care of certain 5 
graves. The executive coi:r.:ittee of the Jednota Ceslcych Daiii (Bohemian Ladies ^ 
Union) paid \jZQO for the temporary care of the craves of /soYon members of £7 

the jednotaT" The payroll of the coLietcry v/orkers for the month of Lay 

v/as the largest in its history, out there v;as also more v;orI: done this lay 
than in any preceding I.Iay. The income for Lay v;as ^45,034.70; the balance 
from the previous month v.'as .50,560.74; the balance in the treasury, after 
making the necessary disbursements, is .^'59,258.16. 



». • • 



Ill H 
III 



J3CHd]L:iArj 



Denni Hlasatel , ..lay 10, 1922* 

THD 3'^CCID VJKTu CZJCCH 2XF:SDITICN 

LIA71J3 TODAY 

The second large Czech expedition to Czechoslovakia will leave today. This f^ 
tiiae it will be a Catholic organization under the leadership of the r.arodni <^ 
Svaz Ceskych Katoliku v .jnerice (National j^lliance of :^ohe:aian Catholics of ro 
America). Last rhursda3'' the first exi-edition. . . .left Chica:;o. It was the 2 
Ceskoslovenska— imeric::a Obchodni Vyprava (Czechoslovak-.unerican Gonniereial ^ 
ilxpedition) . This second expedition, organized by the ivaz....is in charge 
of ;.:r. Jan otraka, president of th^ ovaz; Reverend j'rantisek Bozenek, 
secretary" of the Svaz and chaplain of the i-arish of Svati Oyrill jl Metodej 

(Saints Cyrill and Llethodius) , Town of Lake, Chicago The naiiber of 

.^embers in this second Czech expedition is imposing. The expedition .;ill 
surely accomplish its alia in Czechoslovakia and attract considerable at- 
tention ooine of its iiiembers will return to Chicago while others will 



No 



' III H - 2 - BCHga.g^ 

III G 

Dsrmi Hlasatel, Ma;'" 10, 1932. 

«  III   I 

settle in Czechoslovakia. . ..Wo wish good luc> and a pleasant sojourn to all, 
hoping that tho retuminc rasiTibers \i,ill cone back to /jaerica in good ha>nor 
and happy •••• 



CD 



CO 



III H BQEIELIAI4 
II D 10 

IV Denni Illasatel , Llay 9, 1922. 

GZEGHOSLOVAK-;iI.Ii::RICM C0L2^RGLiL EliPKDITIOlJ TO G2SGH0SL0VAKIA 

.It remains to say that the expedition to Czechoslovakia v/ill surely 

make a good impression on everyone, mainly because it v/ill greatly benefit our 
homeland. Besides accomplishing its avov/ed purpose, it will substantially aid r^ 
the most important charitable institutions. Mr. F#J» Skala v/aived all profits 5 
which vjould otherwise accrue to him as a representative of a steamship company. ^ 
By so doing he laid a foundation for a charitable fund. This fund will increase J 
considerably by a sale of flags and insignia, and likewise by means of a collec- '3 
tion which will be made on board the liner. I^. Jan Pecha, president of the ^, 
board of delegates of the Gesky Narodni Hrbitov (Bohemian National Gemeteiy) , 
will, no doubt, add to the fund the ;;?500.00 v/hich he received from the said 
organization, and which he is supposed to devote to some charitable causes in 
Czechoslovakia. To this he and his wife will personally add the sum of §200. 
Mr. A. Zahrobsky and Mr. Antonin Ra tajik have further swelled the fund by their 
contributions. It is now certain that several thousand dollars will be thus 



Ill H - 2 - i BOHKMTAN 

II D 10 

17 Dernii Hlasatel , May 9, 1922. 

collected for charitable causes in CzechoslOTakia, and one may say that such 
an amount will be useful for the purpose for which it was intended. 

Reverend Vaclav Vanek informed us that the charitable concert which he arranged 
in the Hubbard Memorial Church on April 26, 1922, with our famous musicians, 
Mr. Vaclav Jiskra and Mr. and Mrs. V. Itochek, netted him $195. The incidental 
expenses connected with the concert were paid by Reverend Vanek himself. Of 
the above amount he gave $50 to Mr. J. K. Valha for the purpose of building a 
monument in Jan Zizka*s native village of Trocnov, Czechoslovakia/; $50»00 to 
Mr. V. Jiskra as a contribution to a building fund for the erection of a Sokol 
hall in Mr. Jiskra 's native village of Zinkov; $50 to Mr. Josef Dusek for the 
Indigent families of Domazlice, Czechoslovakia; and $45 to Mr. Karel Vesely for 
the poor people of the town of Novosedla, Czechoslovakia]^. Besides these gifts 
the Reverend Vanek has set aside other sums of money for various charitable pur- 
poses in Czechoslovakia, %'e shall make mention of this in our future issues. 



-n 



Ill H - 3 - BCBEMIAN 

II D 10 

17 Dennl Hlasatel > May 9, 1922. 

It is not to be doubted, therefore, that the Ceskoslovenska-Americka Obchodni 
Vyprava ( Czechoslovedc-Americeui comniercial expedition) will bring much good to 
Czechoslovakia and i\merica as well. At the present moment the expedition is 
on the high seas. It left us happy and contented.... .We hope that it will come 
back to us equally happy and satisfied with the work which it will have ac- f 
complished for CzechoslovaJcia and for America. 



fs: 






Ill H 



BC>I-EIviL-JJ 






::i> 



Denni H].asa tel, Ljay 7, 19:: 

SXKDITIOH Oy TIIl: E'J^ODITI SV.:iZ CI]SKYGn K..TOLIKU 

In a fev; days you. . .•:^7ill be en routo to our native land — Gzechcslovakia 
which you helped to liberate. In a fev/ days j^'ou 7;ill be on 3^our vjaj to 5 

the land Tvhere your cradle stood, the land which you left with inan^" otliers 
v/hile still youn^, and to which you are returning toda^/ as ripe and hardened 
j.ien enriched by experience, /joonr; us there liill be soae who v/era born in 
.jierica but v;ho cherished in their he:.rt^j the desire to see the native land 
of their parents, a land of heroes. Therefore, Liay God speed youl You ]:nay 
consider yourselves luclcy to have the opport^onity of seeing the thr-jsholds 
of your native hones, to lool: at the roofs under which you spent your child- 
hood days and drear.ied your childliood dreans. It may bo that inan;v'' of you will 
sti?.l find under the sane roofs your ared fatiiers and car-iworn inotjiers who 
vri.ll clasp you in their eubrace and tell 3''ou about their sorrov/s and their 
pleasures v/hile you dv/elt abroad. Only a fev; days :.aore and you vrLll see that 
dear beloved honeland. She is your nother, and v/e, who renr.in in this country 
asr: you, who vri. 11 soon tread her soil, to renenber us, to kiss that native 






05 



Ill H 



O 



BOKJIJ.JT 



Denni Hlas atal , I.-ay 7, 1922, 



soil and to tulie c^cetings froin us to the lioneL-ud. • ..Say tliat v;e do not 
forget, and tliat v;e are battliic i'o27 the ri/jht to sioeck in our native 
t j)n^aie, that we are preserving the heriti-a^e bequeathed to us by our 
fathers and niotji^rs, and that /^hejaia/ v/ill alv/ays reinain our liiother as 
lone ^s our hearts v/ill be^'t. This I desirr^i to tell you before your 
departure, 

A few words rnore, . . •,;hen you notice some things in your old Iioneland v/hich 
you will find unpleaaait. . . .be not hast^r in judr-in^:^, reneiiber that during 
your long sojourn in the land of the Stars and -Jtrixx^-s you bccarae accustomed 
to other and auite diff srent conditions. But be assured that our r)eople T 

/pf Czechoslovakia/ are not idle. The:>'- build. Let us hope that you v/ill ^ 

find your honeland kind to you. .Jid you, who v:ill take your children alon^^^, 
children v/ho were born to you in this countr;;,^, do not fail to show thera the 
beauties of 2^our honel-.nd, its places of historic tl interest, places which 
speak of the old ;.:lory of Bohenia. Ghov/ then the castles and cathedrals, 



<• 



Ill H - 3 - BOHBMIAU 

Denni Hlasatsl ^ Hay 7, 1922. 

but also the humbly thatched huts in which the great men of Bohemia ;vere 
bom. Show them the heart of Bohemia, its many-tov/ered city of Prague, 
and insist tliat while they remember these things they should never under 
any circumstances deny their ^^hemiaj^ ori/jin. And now ^Gtod's speed*.., 



lir. Antonin V. Tesar, Office mana(Ter of the Narodni Svaz Ceskych 
Katolxlcu V Americe (National Alliance of Bohemian Catholics of 
America), 1440 West 18th Street, Chicngo, Illinois, 



5> 



Ill H 



BOHmiAN 



III C 

Denni Hlasatel , May 7, 1922. 

THE BOHEMIAN CATHOLIC EXPEDITION TO CZECHOSLOVAKIA 

Next Wednesday the second Bohemian-American expedition of the year 1922 will 
be en route to Czechoslovakia. The expedition, which was organized by the 
Svaz and the Katolicky Sokol (Union of Catholic Sokols), will consist of a 
great many of .our Chicago countrymen. ••• The expedition will also be accompa- 
nied by a special delegation of the Svaz (its third mission to Czechoslovakia) 
which is considered to be important by the Bohemian Catholics of Czechoslo- 
vakia. The members of this expedition who hail from the West will join the 
local group in Chicago and leave by the Nickel Plate Railroad at 10:45 A. M. 
on Wednesday. Upon their arrival in New York they will embark on the steamer ^- 
"Rotterdam** on Saturday. ...and arrive in Rotterdam, Holland on May 23, 1922. 

/Translator's note: The list of members of the expedition is omitted in trans- 
lationjiT" 

The program coimnittee announces that the program of the expedition will be the 



r 
r 



C. : 



€.n 



Ill H - 2 - BOHMIAN 

III C 

Dennl Hlasatel , May 7, 1922. 

follcwing: If the ship Rotterdam will dock at Rotterdam, Holland on Ltoy 23, 
(Taesday) we shall be able to arrive in Prague on Thursday May 25 in the 
morning. On Friday, May 26, there will be a solemn mass in the metropolitan 
cathedral of Svaty Vit (Saint Vitus). On Saturday, May 27, at 10 A. M. there 
will be a meeting of all members in the offices of ohe expedition /Trans- 
lator's note: No address is given here but elsewhere in this article the 
address appears to be Preiha II, Pstrossova Ulice Cis. 200jj^ Detailed in- 
structions and counsel will be given in this meeting. At 2 P. M. there will 
be a meeting of the delegates of the Svaz....On Sunday, May 28, at 8 P. M« 
there will be a gala performance of Bedrich Smetana's "Prodana Nevesta" 
(Bartered Bride) in the Narodni Divadlo (National Theater) to honor the mem- 
bers of the expedition. On Monday, Itoy 29, there will be a reception by the 
president of the Republic, Dr. T. 0. Masaryk, and in the evening of the same 
day a soiree in the Zofinsky Ostrov Hall (Sophia Island). On Tuesday, I^Say 30 
in the morning the members will be taken to various points of interest in 
Prague. The afternoon will likewise be spent in visiting the historical 
monuments of Prague. On //ednesday. May 31, at 1 P. M» there will be an 



Ill H - 3 - BOHav!IAN 

III C 

Denni Hlasatel > llay 7, 1922. 

official visit of the mayor of Prague in the city hall; after that a trip 
through the Staromestska Radnice (Old Tov/n Hall). In the afternoon (3:30 P.M.) 
a trip through the Masarykova Akademie Prace (Kasaryk's Labor Academy) and a 
visit of the Representacni Dum (Representative Hall) ^^^Translator^s note: This 
is not a hall of representatives but an ordinary meeting hall where balls, 
banquets, etc., are heldjJT^ On Thursday June 1, at 10 A. M. there will be a 
visit to the secretariat of the Rada Ceskoslovenskych Katoliku V Praze (Czecho- 
slovak Catholic Council of Prague) ... .at 11 A. M. the members will call on the 
Narodni Rada Ceskoslovenska (Czechoslovak National Council) •. ..In the afternoon 
we shall visit the Klementinum ^ne of the buildings of the University of 
PragueT" and the Strahovsky Klaster (Cloisters of the Strahov Convent). The 
next few days will be spent in making short trips to various places in Bohemia, 
such as Svata Hora U Pribrami, Stara Boleslav, and Levy Hradec. On July 3 
there will be a great public celebration in the Stromovka /Fragxie forest pre- 
servesT'^ This will serve as a meeting ground for the Bohemian Catholics of 
Prague and their Bohemian-American brethren. There will be a concert and 
speeches. The celebration of the Fourth of July will take place in Prague. 



Ill H - 4 - , BOHij]L!IAIT 

III C 

Denni Hlasatel , llay 7, 1922* 

The American legation and all Americans staying in Prague mil participate in 
this. The program will be thoroughly American. 

To facilitate the making of corrjnercial and social contacts all members of the 
expedition will receive a printed guide through Prague, laie guide will indi- 
cate all historical places of interest and give names of Christian industrial 
firms. On July 5 a trip will be made to Moravia to visit the Slavonic shrine 
of Velehrad, and there will also be a Ciril -Methodius celebration. /Trans- 
lator's note: The Saints Cyril and Methodius introduced Christianity to 
Moravia and Bohemiaj»7 One of the most beautiful trips will be the one to Brno 
when the Catholic Sokols will hold a gymnastic meet. The Boh^nian-American 
Catholic Sokols will be represented in this meet. 

All other items on the program and all subsequent changes will be announced 
later in the offices of the expedition in Prague and in the daily press. It 
will be possible also to organize excursions to Moravia, Slovakia, Vienna, 
Rome and Paris. Significant will be the trips to Bratislava, Nitra, and other 



Ill H - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

III C 

Denni Hlasatel > May 7, 192C. 

towns of Slovakia. Two excursions will be made to the world-famous passion 
plays at Oberamergau, one about July 10, 1922, and another at the end of the 
month of August During the entire month of August there will be an indus- 
trial exposition. •. .in Brno on the occation of the Catholic Sokol convention. 
The industrial secretariat at Prague will publish a special commercial cata- 
logue which will also contain a description of the program of the various cele- 
brations.. •• This catalogue may be obtained in the offices of the expedition 
in Prague* 



<_ • 



Ill H BOfTCT^rrAM 

II A 2 

17 Denni Hlasatel , May 5, 1922. 

Tfffi CSSK0SL0V3NSKA AMERICKA OBCJHODNI 
VYPRA.VA EN RODTE TO CZECH03L07AKIA % 

The nucleus of the Ceslcoslovenska Americka Obchodni Vyprava (Czechoslovak- F 

American Ccxnniercial Expedition) left Chicago yesteirday at 10 ?• M» from C 

Dearborn Station. It consisted of more than two hundred individuals. The 5 

local Ceskoslovenska Obchodni Komora (Czechoslovak Chamber of Commerce) B 

sent its delegates to the railroad station to bid them adieu* ^ 



Among those who accompanied the group of men, who left for the old homeland, 
were Reverend Dr. Vaclav Vanek, (who is the secretary of the Expedition) , 
Mr. V. L« Rezabek, and Mr. Karel Vesely. The train which carried the 
members of the Expedition was tastefully decorated with American and 
Czechoslovak flags. •...Among those who came to bid bon voyage to the departing 
countrymen was the local Czechoslovak consul, Dr. Jaroslav F. Smetanka, 
and several members of the consular staff..... The expedition will 'arrive in 



K9 



III K - 2 - BOHEi:iAN 
II A 2 

IV Deimi Hl'isatel , L:ay 5, 1922* 

Prague on May 18, 1922. T^Tany promnent /iiaerican Czechoslovaks are amone 
those v;ho left here, and their names are already well knov/n in Czechoslovakia, 
that is, from the time of our liberating movement. ^Ml of them, however, ^ 
are plain citizens, hearty people, good patriots, and, as we are wont to ^ 
call them here, "self-made men". Host of their^ by their abilities, their p 
industry, and economy have achieved their successes in life, and despite ^ 
the fact that they look fonvard to the moment ivhen they v/ill again look 5 
upon their native land, now liberated and independent, they would rather !— 
forego all official welcome and the elaborate amenities associated v/ith it» oJ 
After all, they go to inspect and to study industrial and commercial concerns, ^ji 
spas, country estates, etc., and do not have any desire to look at the 
bimting with v/hich the buildings in Prague will be adorned. Their idea is 
to enter into commercial aii;reements and to invest their money in some 
profitable enterprise either on their own account or on behalf of their 
business friends at home in America. The purpose of many of these men is 
to make business contacts, and their long experience leads them to believe 
that they can establish a lively trade between their old homeland and their 



III H - 3 - BOHauTAN 
II A 2 

IV Dennl laasatol , l!ay 5, 1922. 

new one. Some of them intend even to remain in Czechoslovakia should ^, 
conditions make it profitable, and to purchase properties there. 5 

Tomorrow v/e shall publish a complete list of the members of the Expedition. ^ 



N^ 



III H 30E^LJ.JT 
II A 2 

IV Denni Hlasatel , I lay 3, 19P.B. 

TIIl: CZJCHCSLCV:i:-.^.SRIC:JI COliSRCLi EyOPUDITIOlI 

\J1U. L3^T^ TODAY 

The Ceskoslovenska /inericka Obchodni Typrava (GzechoslovcJc-.-^xierican Comriercial 
Expedition) , for which e::tensive preparations have been nade since Decenber 
1921, has become a reality. The expedition v/ill leave today and tonorrov:. 
The vanrniard will leave tlie "{garden cit^'"" today and will consist of those -$ 

nen ivho, althou^-h they will occupy cabins of the second class, are aliens not -5 
having' taken out their second citizenship papers. These vail have to leave :— 

a day earlier because they will have to adjust natters whicli have bearing ^" 

upon their status, in llev; Yoil: City.... They will be accoiTt[3anied by Messrs. 
Frank J. Skala and Josef Du^ek v/ho will look after their safety and corr^Tort. c- 

^ere follow the names of these memberG of the exi^edition. Tlie list is 
one-sixth of a colurm loncJT 

Some of the regular neirbers of the e:cpedition left earlier because they 
wished to spend a few^ da^'-s in Nov/ York and other eastern cities. But the 



r' -^ 



III II - 2 - 
II .i 2 

IV Denni Klasatel, Llay 3, 1922. 



I30IElilAIT 



bulk of the exi)editicn v/ill leave toi.ioriX)v; at 10 A. IvI. fi^ni Dearborn Station. 
Their leaders v/ill be Messrs. John K. Valha ^^resident of the expeditioii7'> 
V. L. Rezabek, Reverend Vaclav Vanek, liessrs, Josef Diisek and Karel Vesely* 
Tliose v/ho will leave toiiorrov: have liad their baccAC^^ sent ahead..,. The 
expedition will pick up some of its eastern members en route. One stop vail 
be made in Buffalo, ITev; York, to Give the members a chance to see Niagara 
Falls.... After their return to Buffalo, they will have a joint supper and 
board a train of the Delavjare, Lackavjanna, and V/estern Railroad, arriving; in 
ilev: York City early Saturday nomine* T}ie3" \;ill rest befo2?e embarkation. 
After a joint breakfast they v;ill leave for tlie dock and embark on the ship 
"CJeor::e ;;ashington" • • . .ils far as v,;e knov; the ship v;ill v/eich anclior shortly 
after noon on Saturday... 

• •* All that re:;aj 3, therefore, is to bid adieu to all menbers of the 
expedition.... V/e are doin{:: this in the name ol liic publishers of the Denn i 
Hlasatel, its editorial staff, etc., and e::tend our best mshes to Ilessrs. 
John Valha, Franlc J. Skala, V. L. Rezabek, Franlc Ilaly, and to the publishers 



• • . 






III H - 3 - BOHBMIi\N 
II A 2 

IV Denni Hlasatel , May 3, 1922* 

of our local newspapers. .. .Y/e hope that their sojourn in Czechoslovakia may 
bring them many happy experiences, and that they may return in good health. 
The trip they have projected ought not only to contribute to their physical 
well-being, but also to enrich them through new experiences which should bring 
profit both to Czechoslovakia and to America. Let no one forget that this 
is the first venture of its kind, and that it devolves upon them, therefore, 
to interpret our best wishes to our brothers in the old homeland, conveying 
to them our assurances that the Czechoslovaks of America will always be ready 
to work for them whenever and wherever it is necessary. 

Bon voyage and au revoirl 



o 



CO 

CD 

cr 



Ill II 

III 3 2 
IV 



3oiii:t:n:;iK 



Denni Ulasatal , xtpr. 23, 1922. 



Tm: Ai.i;RIJa:;-CZ3GII0SL0VAK CC!lj::HCLiL }iLCP]2)ITIGII 



Tu G^GHCSLOViUaiA 



/llalf-tone, three-colu:.Ji-ei{;lith of a pci:;8, picture 
of the coi:ir.ittoe of the oi-rpcditioruy 



The American-Gzechoslovai: corjnercial expedition to Gzechoslovalcia v/ill leave 
Chicago one week fron next Thursdav, that is, on Llay 4, 1922 at 10 i-. i... Tlie 
eyrpcditiori vjill leave froi. the Dearborn station by a special train of the 
'Jabash jtiailroad Gorapany. Tiiere v;ill be about 260 participants 7;ho will wish 
to visit their liberated hoi.ieland, to visit the places of tlieir birth, aixd to 
view the historical places of Gzechoslovahia. JoLie of the;;: v;ill v;ish to 
establish business relations with that country, xx preponderant nxiiiber of thea 
are -.-Lierican citizens. Tliese vjili leave by a special train as indicated above. 
The aliens v/ill have to leave a day earlier, and will be accoapanied by several 
members of the corirdttee who v;ill facilitate tiieir arrival in Hew fork, and 
their embarkation. The nanibers of the expedition who are citizens of the 



Ca> 



3? 



Ill H - 2 - D0E3ILIIiiII 

III B 2 

IV l^G^^i Znasatel , upr. 2o, 1922 • 

United otates will arrive in .lObol-cen, Lev; Jersey on Saturday Lay 6, 1922, 

and since they \vill arrive at an early hour they vjill be peri.iitted to rei^ain 

in their Pullnan cars until 7 .!• ...• They v;il.'.- then repair to the aock and 

er.ibarl: on the steaj.ship "Geor^o ..ashin^ton^*. ^ 

The "Geor'te ./ashiiifTbon" v;ill v;eifj.i anchor at noon, and will probably arrive in ^ 
Brenen on _ay 16, lv22. The expedition v:ill depart Tron Breiien on the follo^^ing S 
day and arrive in Prague on ...ay 13. ^x porron.iance of .^edric: oi.ietana^s liartared ^ 
Bride'' will be r.iven in the I.'arodni Jivadlo (I'atiorial Jheater on oaturday, _ay 20,'^ 
Those v;ho* signified their intention to attend tlie opera and to reserve their 
rooLis in the hotels at Prague, will be tahen care uf accordin^i-ly as indicated on 
tiie circular sent to them by the secretJir*; of the expedition. Tliose who have 
not yet done so, are asked to signify their intention at once, othcr^Adse they 
would have to attend to their reservations persona.lly. 

The corjrdttee has thus far projected only one joint trip to Plzen (Pilsen) and 
to Donazlice and JiL'..ava ^Bohenian forest), .'ifter thin trip the rienbers of the 



III 11 - J - 3Ql-filL J iU 
III .i 2 

IV Deruii lH as at el, .>jr. 25, 1^^22. 



expedition v/ill disband, but i.ieet anaiii in Praf^ue on the Fourt-i of July to 
attend a celebration of the .ir.ericaji Independence r;hich will ::.ost probably 
take place on Zofin /an island on the river i:oldan_.7 It is expected that 
about one thousand .-xToricans, v7ho at this time reside in Czechoslovakia, v:ill "A 
attend this celebration, ^^ter the celebration v;e have 'ooen invited to visit r* 
the birth'Dlace of Janzizka at 'frocnov, and the oriental fair at Bratislava, -n 

Slovakia. The fair -jill last fror July 9 to 16, 1922. V.hile in the tovm of o 

Bratislava Tve shall have a "ood onr^ortunitv to see the natui*al beauties of j^ 

Slovakia and to establish business relations rath the .^wenuolic. /J-1 this shall ^ 
be decided oy us on board the ship at a :.:eetin^. of the participants of the '^^ 

exiDedition. 

The Czechoslovak Governi/.ent ; the Czechoslovak .^'unbassador at ';ashinr:ton, Dr. 
Stepanek; the Chica.-^o Consul, jr. Jaroslav i^. Jiietanka; and the Lev; York 
Consul General, Dr. Prusik have v;illinr.ly co-operated v;ith the cormttee of 
the expedition. The r.inistr:' for forei.-^ji affairs of the .republic c^ 
zechoslovakia infoir.ied the committee that the ninistry of finance /treasury 






Ill E - 4 - EOIiailLi^I 

III 3 2 

IV Denni Ill a oatel , i^pr. 23, 1922. 

departiaent/ is v;illiiit7, to v/aivo any cusbons inspection of the larger bagga^^.e 

belon.^inc to the nenbers of the expedition; this v;ill be inspected afoer their i^ 

arrival in Prae;ue. All hand ba.'^.c^ge ;ail, ho'vever, be e::ariiined at the border. ^ 

The Fiinistr}* of foreign affairs ashed us not to tahe too iiany hand ba^s along ^^ 

/to avoid delays at the borde^. r" 

The committee consists of the following: iir. John : . Valha, president; Heverendo 
Vaclav Vanelc, secretar/*; Llr. Josef Duseh, treasurer; Ij^. xinton J. Gorriiak, com- i^ 
nitteenan in charge of special trains; ^.jt. Vaclav L, .cerabe^, cojiiaitteer.ian in S 



*^ 



charge of the press; ...r. ILarel Vesely, coriiiitteenan in charge of the establish- ^ 
ing of coirjaercial and industrial relations in Czechoslovakia; x,j7. x-rani: J. Shala, 
general representative of the steaiPiShip company. /Translator's note: The _ 
navies and addresses of "uhe members of the expedition is omitted in translation^' 



III H BQHKMIAN 
IV 

IV (Jewish) Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 14, 1922. 

mE CZECHOSLOVAK COMMERCIAL EXPEDITION 

The Chicago Daily News , in its issue of April 13, 1922, published an interest- 
ing report about the expedition of our Chicago businessmen to Czechoslovakia, 
It says: 

"Early in May there will be an expedition of about 250 Chicago businessmen to 
Czechoslovakia. Their purpose will be to study business conditions there and 
establish commercial intercourse between Czechoslovakia sind the United States. 
At the same time another report reaches us concerning the second oriental fair 
in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, which is to be held from July 1 to 16. 

"The Chicago delegation will visit the fair which will resemble the progress 
exposition held in Chicago last year with the exception that in the Czechoslo- 
vak fair many foreign countries will participate. All the delegates and raBmbers 
of the expedition are of Czechoslovak origin. Among them are Congressman 



-J 



III H - 2 - BOHESaAN 
IV 

IV (Jewish) Denni ELasatel , Apr. 14, 1922. 

A, J. Sabath; Mr. Frank J. Skala, a western representative of the United 
States Lines; lir. John Sokol, importer; L!r. Josef Dusek, commission mer- 
chant; yir. Jan K. Valha, business manager of the Denni Hlasatel>  « . > " 









c:3 



Ill H BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

Denni Hlasatel , Mar. 26, 1922. 

TO ALL PiiETICIPANTS OF THU; EXPEDITION TO CZTCCHOSLOViiKIA 

BY THE K^ODNI SY.iZ CESKYGH KiTOLIKU 

Preparations for your reception on the soil of Czechoslovakia are in progress. 
.... Everyone who takes part in the expedition, under the banner of the Narod- 
ni Svaz Geskych Katoliku (National Alliance of Bohemian Catholics of America), 
will be warmly received by the people of Czechoslovakia.... After our arrival 
in Prague, we will be met officially by a number of organizations that will 
welcome us at the railroad station. The welcome v-ill be spontaneous and 
brotherly. 

On the Sunday following our arrival, a mass will be celebrated in the Metropo- 
litan Cathedral Church of Saint Vitus. In the evening of the same day a per- 
formance of Bedrich Smetana's "Bartered Bride" will be given in the Narodni 
Divadlo (National Theater of Prague), 

On Monday there will be a reception by the President of the Czechoslovak 






Ill H - 2 - BOHSMIaN 

III B 2 

Denni Hlasatel , Mar. 26, 1S22. 

Republic, Professor T. G. Masaryk, and in the evening there ^111 be a soiree 
on the island of Zofin translator's note: This island is located on the Moldau 
River in Prague, and serves many social and aesthetic purposes. Concerts and 
balls of the better kind are usually given in the Zofin HallT". 



50 



The following fe^ days will be devoted to short trips into the country, and S 
these trips will be advertised in the daily press.... The Fourth of July, our ^ 
Independence Day, will be celebrated jointly ivith the iunerican legation at 
Prague. ... To stimulate comraercial and social intercourse, a "guide thi'ough 
Prague" will be issued to all the participants of our expedition. This guide 
will indicate the historically important places of Prague as well as the com- 
mercial and industrial concerns owned by Christians. It is therefore desirable 
that every businessman, worker, farmer, etc., who takes part in our expedition, 
avail himself of this opportunity, and he may be assured that he will be well 
taken care of . ♦•• 

The information bureau will be located in the editorial offices of the periodical 



^ III H - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

Denni Hlasatel , Mar. 26, 1922. 

Cech (Czech) translator* s note: This is a Ijohemian Catholic newspaper, the 
official Catholic publication of Czechoslovakia^// This newspaper is located ^ 
in the center of Prague; its offices have been reconditioned for our visitors 2:. 
who will find them pleasant and comfortable* Its address is Praha, II, ~ 

Pstrosova Ulice 200 (Prague II, Pstrosova Street, No* 200) Czechoslovakia. 
j^Tlte toj the information bureau of the Narodni Svaz Ceskych Katoliku in 
Prague, 



-n 
^jj 
o 



c^ 



V/e are certain that every participant v/ill be satisfied with the results of our ^ 
expedition, and that he will bring home the best im^^ressions of the Republic of 
^^^echoslovaki^. The expedition will have its own news reporter who will 
regularly supply our American people v.lth news from the homeland; these reports 
will then be transmitted through the medium of the local press bureau of the 
Narodni Svaz Ceskych Katoliku to our local press 

Narodni Svaz Ceskych Katoliku 

3207 v;est 22nd Street, Chicago, Illinois 



III H 30Iiai>Ji^ I 
II .i 2 

IV Denni Elasa tel, U&t, 21, 1922. 

A BiUIQUET BT HOKOS OF BOHEIvlIAI'J BiAlIK2R 

The well-knovm Bohenian banker, Itir. James ?. Stepina, received a rare "g 
distinction recently. The Jugoslav government, in appreciation of Mr. Stepina* s -r:! 

distinguished services rendered to our sister nation, Jugoslavia, particularly ^ 

during the v/ar, conferred upon hiia an order of merit, the distinguished Service I^ 

Cross of Mercy. \tx. Stepina is the only Bohemian in the United States who has o 

thus been honored. To celebrate the occasion, his friends have arranged a ban- ^ 

quet in his honor xvhich will take place tomorrow at 6:30 P.M. in the Hotel f3 

La Salle. UBiny countrymen as well as leading citizens of other foreign- c?i 
language es^oups will participate in the celebration. 



Ill H BOI-ISI.IIAN 

III C 

Dennl laasatel , Mar. 14, 1922. 

NOTICE TO TFIE I-.STSERS OF TIIE N^ITIONAL 
ALLIANCE] OF BOIiaaAN CATHOLICS OF AMSHICA 

The expedition committee of the Narodni Svaz Ceskych Katoliku (National Alliance 
of Bohemian Catholics) has decided to extend the deadline for applications of 
members vrtio wish to take part in the projected expedition to Czechoslovakia 

until March 31, 1922. Tliere are still a few desirably located cabins left 

The Chicago participants will receive instructions in a fev/ da^/s to call at 
our offices for additional infoi^mation, such as the applications for passports, 
their issuance, visas, etc. All these necessary details will be taken care of 
by the expedition committee. Non-citizens will have their first papers re- 
turned to them, so that they v/ill have no difficulties on their return trip. 
Participants living outside of Chicago are asked to mail their citizenship 
papers to our office so that we may proceed to have their passports issued..... 

The Narodni Svaz Ceskych Katoliku, 3207 West 22nd Street, Chicago, Illinois. 



I 



- .t 



Ill H 



BOirailAJI 



2 



Denni Hlasatel , Mar. 5, 1922. 

B(B!3aAN-AI.ERIC;jT COf/I^ERCIAL EXPEDITION TO BOHEJ/fIA 

At the last meeting of the committee, with Mr. Jan K. Valha presiding, a letter 
from the Czechoslovak secretary for foreign affairs was read* The Czechoslovak 
Qovernment through its departments is willing to do its utmost to make our stay _ 
in Czechoslovakia profitable. That government representative writes also that r= 
there will be no customs inspection at the border, but will take place after the w 
arrival of the expedition in Prague. The Kancelar Americke Korespondence v ^ 
Praze (American Correspondence Bureau of Prague) , through its director, Captain £ 
E. Tuma, agreed to reserve a special train which is to take us from Bremen to ^ 
Prague, to make preparations for a welcome in Prague, to arrange for trips ^ 
throughout Czechoslovakia, and finally to organize a festival on the Fourth of 
July. It will likewise manage all matters connected with the housing of the 
members of the expedition, and will facilitate commercial and industrial contacts 
between the members of the expedition and the industrial and commercial concerns 
of Czechoslovakia* The hotelkeepers* association made ample reservations for 
all of the manbers of the expedition in every part of Bohemia and other prov- 
inces of the Republic* The room rates will be reduced. 



I 



III H - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Mar* 5, 19S2. 

It was also decided in the meeting that upon airival in Prague the authorities 
be requested to order a performance of Bedrich Smetana^s **Prodana Nevesta** 
(Bartered Bride) in the Narodni Divadlo (National Theater) on May 20, Two 
hundred and fifty seats for that performance are to be reserved for /~our 
Chicago members/. There will also be trips to Plzen (Pilsen), Domazlice ^ 
Sumava /Translator* s note: Sumava is the native name given to the Bohemiam 5 
ForestTV Kl^diio* sind Karluv Tyn (Karlsstein) , Moravia, and Slovakia. The Fourth -n 
of July will mark a great celebration of Bohemian- Americans in Prague. p 

Almost all of the staterooms on the liner ^'Greorge Washington** have been reserved, o 
and there are only eight left at a price of $140, and for men only. Whoever 
wishes to make a reservation for one of these must make an immediate deposit of 
$25 with the secretary. Reverend 7. Vanek, 2324 South Central Park Avenue, ^^ 
Chicago, Illinois. All participants will receive a prospectus with detailed in- 
foimations about a week from today. The expedition itself leaves on May 6 from 
New York. 



c: 
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TT 


















' V, ^ 



\J-^.L, \XXi 



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w> J. J. «^ 






• ,- 1 .-^^V. -»--««.- i'-.'T J -^^ '^^•l* • • ! in 

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-, 4. 






Jl:-jro follo^;3 r:. li':t or ccntributorc frc:: Cicero unci Ohicaro ■.uici th^^ :x;':ounto 

Jiie tot il fjiiri collected v;as 




v*< -J^ i O 1. i. U .'. ■> , ♦.l 



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l-..tiv3 of r!o.:ov;m*^ 



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to 



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Ill H 

III C 

Dennf Hlasate l. Feb. 6, 1922. 



BOHSl^LJJ 



3XPEDITI0N OF TEIE NATION.-JL ALLI.^CCii: OF BOILill^'lIi^N CATHOLICS OF 
aMSxRICA .iJvTD tie; C.iTHOLIC 50K0L TO Cli2CKOK5LOV.-iKIA 

Everyone v;ho wishes to take part in the expedition of the Karodn£ Svaz Czeskycli 
Katolfku (National Alliance of Bohemian Catholics) and the Katolicky Sokol 
(Catholic Sokol) to Czechoslovakia must make his application and accompany it 
with a deposit of $30 in order that his cabin may be reserved for him* After 
the month of February, we may not be able to make any more reservations. Time 
flies, so do not procrastinate • Ask for detailed information about the expedi- 
tion; in it you will learn about the whole trip from America to Prague. 






~3 



» 



Many people have the habit of deferring the payment of a deposit and waiting .^^ 
until the last week before the expedition is to start; such people run the f5 
risk ^f not being able to secure cabin reservations/...* .therefore, let no one ^ 
give up this visit to his old homeland to see it again after many years; to see 

the places where he spent his best years we shall visit the homeland during 

its best season, on about May 25, and anybody may return at any time according 



Ill H 



- <c - 



BOH^IAIT 



III C 

Denni Hlasatel, Feb. 6, 1922. 



T^ 



to his means Those people who have their first citizenship papers need 

not be afraid that they will have difficulties upon their return. Those who 
have none ought to take them out if they intend to return. 

It is most important now that all countrymen who have a desire to go make 

their wishes known to us at once so that we may enter their names on the roll r^ 
of members ^f the expedition/*.. • .The program will be a surprise for every- ^^ 

body Liake your applications nowl Narodnl Svaz Ceskych Katollku, 3207 West p 

22nd Street, Chicago, Illinois. ^ 

1.- , 

CO 

^^ 

••« " 



•^ 



Ill H BQEIia^iIAN 

IV 

Denn£ KLasatel . Feb* 5, 1922. 

COULEECI/iL 3XPEDITI0N TO CZSCHOSLOVxiKIA 

The American commercial expedition to Czechoslovakia, which will leave on 
May 6, 1922, on the steamship ^George V/ashington,** has secured 250 cabins of 
the second class for its members. Two thirds of these have already been taken^ 
and 70 cabins remain. V/hoever desires to join the expedition should send his ^ 
application and a twenty-five-dollar deposit to the undersigned. Five dollars £ 
of that amount will go to defray the current expenses of the ^anagin^ com- i^ 
mittee...«.The comnittee consists of the following men: John K. Valha, presi- '^, 
dent; Reverend Vaclav Vanek, secretary; Josef Dusek, treasurer. Applications ^'- 
with the enclosed noney orders or checks should be nade out to Josef Dusek, ^s 
treasurer, and should be mailed to the address given belov/: Vaclav Vanek, ^* 

secretary, 2324 South Central Park Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. 



Ill H BCIELXhN 

II D 10 

Deimi llasatel , i^'^eb. 5, 1922. 

COLLIilGTICITS FCd CZIiGIIOSLCVAiZii 

lirs. ^inastazie Kocka, who recently started a collection for the purchase of 
church bells for the tovm of Lor.jxice Had Luznici, Gzechoslovalcia, reports 
that .^20 nore v;as contributed to this cause. 

Twenty-five dollars and thirty-five cents v;as collected for the benefit of 
the v;ar orphanage, Joaneun, ^13. 60 of this latter sura coninr, froii the em- 
ployees of the Ilorthem Trust Cor.ipany. 



o 



BOIL 



III II 
III C 

Denni Hl:isatel, Jan. 13, I'jil'^m 

.iN ZlaCI^ITICi: TO TKZ OLD GOUCraYI 

"The cor^fiittee of the Czechoslovak Catholics for the furtherance and cultiva- 
tion of contacts among Catholics in forei£ii coimtrles, v/hich was orp:anized 

last year as a part of the Rada Cesiroslovenskych Katoliku v iraze (Czecho- 
slovak Catholic Council of Prar-rue), proiripted by brotherly love, gratitude, 
and re::iDect for their ardent and self-sacrif iciu.^ brotaers in far-av/av 
/iinerica, sends its v/arn c^^eetings to the projected expedition of our .u.ierican 
brothers to the old country, v:hich is to take place this surr-.ier. 

"The coirjnittee ."greeted v;ith p-reat enthusiasn the procla'Tiation of the executive 
conmittee of the Xarodni Svaz Seskych ICatoliku v /iinerice (national -J.liance 
of the Eohenian Cat^olic3 of .^jierica), v.hich v/as published in the Hlidka 
(Sentinel), volime II, nuiiber 2, and steps ':ere taken i.TLrriediately to rr.alce 
your proposed expedition a success. ..e assure you that v;e shall be happy to 
serve the nembers of your expedition as chides and iiosts; v:e shall also pre- 
pare an itinerary for a trip throu-;:h Boheiaia, ...oravia, and Slovakia; and there 









11 j. J: — 2 — BOI"-il. I^v 

Denni Hlusiitel, Jan. IB, 192^ • 



v:ill also be celebrations in your honor. 

"If last year's expeditions of the ?i^ench and Bel.[:ian Catholics ..ere v/armly 

received by us, you must realize hov/ nuch laore v;o s;iall endeavor to show € 

our gratitude to our beloved brother Czechs of .unerica, knoivin,^; full v.-ell » 

what they have acconi^disjied for the cause of! Catholicism. r: 

"I aia eiriT)ov;ered b'.' the coinnittee to offer vou our iiost sincere and friendlv ^ 

aid. To this end v;e h.ive already cotniunictod v;ith our centers in L.oravia S2 

and 531oval<:ia to v/ork out an exact itinerary. Jo, please have no worries Lo 

about these detailed arran-er.ients. Cur onlv ardent v/ish is that a r':i"eat ' -> 
riany of you v;ill co:r.e to see us. 

"i'iskin:: you to trans::iit to the executive co/ra-dttee of the irdrodni Jvaz 5esk:/ch 
ilatoliku and to all the brothers associated v/ith it m;; warmest v/ishes, I aii, 

"?ratern^l ly yours , 
*'L)r. Josef Ji-mus, ^:etropolit:m Canon and Chainaan of the Cor— .ittee." 



1 



•"■"•■> 



J.X-L 1'^ "• o — Bv^^^j. .-L- u«. 



Ill G 

Deriui HI ■i_s;i_t el , Jaii, 18, 1^22 • 

■uY^ry one v.iio desires to t^-ilce rurt in the expeiiti n of tlie irirodni ovaz 
Seskyca .[atolil^u and the ilatolic-cy Sokol, an expedition v/hich villi leave on 
Ilay 1;3 via tae stex::saip ^'Rotterdara," should send his apilication, to;:other 
with a deposit, not later than the end oi'* February. It v/ould be v/ise to do 
this as early as possible, because cabins ani berths are reserved in the order 
in vvhich they are selected b*- the fir^-t coiiierc. Judrin - bv the nimber of 
orders already received, the expedition rroir.ises to be a ver^* lar^^e one — in 
ferret, one of the best v;e have had so f-.r. Ci^r special prices for cabins in 
the second class is ..}1'M and ;ir-:f^.50, depending upon the location of the cabin^ 
The deposit for such a c.-^-bin is vH5, to vvhich must be added .p for expenses. 

-j]very detail of the expedition \rill be carefully vvorhed out, and the corTittee 
is laborin^^ tirelessly to inaure its success* Jend tne :ioney for reservations 
to the h'arodni 3vaz 'Jeshyc': •latolilca, 3207 host 22nd Street, Ghica o, Illinois, 
Our Jhioaco covuiir: iLon :;iay obt-ir, infornation directly froi. the offices ox the 
TTarodni 3vaz 5eskych Katol'ku, and tliey can leave their deposits t.jere any day 
betv/oen 9 .•.. ..• and G I-. .... This v/ill be a coaveiiience for trioise v;ho v:orlc 
late. 



:x: 



III H BQHatlLlN 
II A 2 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Jan. 8, 1922. 

AN AI.DjlRICAI^' CO^IMERCI.U EXPEDITION 
Join This Expedition As Soon As Possible 

The coimnittee of the American Commercial Expedition held a meeting on Decem- 
ber 5 under the chairmanship of Jan K. Valha in the restaurant of a. 3cLnabl 
on -Vest 26th Street, The secretary read a list of many new participants. 
The second-class cabins having two bunks have almost all been reserved. Those 
who 7;ish to take part in this expedition should comiunicate as soon as pos- 
sible with the undersiPined. Let it be remembered that this venture is an 
-timerican Commercial Expedition, the prime intent of which is the establishment 
of commercial, industrial, and acricultural contacts v;ith Czechoslovakia. 

The steamship ^Treorge .lashinrton,'^ which v;ill transport the members of the 
Expedition, will leave Nev; York on I^iay 6 and v;ill ^^o to Bremen* The committee 
could secure only two hundred and fifty second-class cabins... • .The down pay- 
ment on such a cabin is tv;entv-five dollars. 












III K - 2 - BOKJir.lIAIT 
II A 2 

IV Denni lilasatel , Jan. 8, 1922. 

Durirv^ the meeting of the committee, a letter v,ras read from the 3vaz 
Hotelieru v Kei:)ublice Ceskoslovenske (Hotel OiYners* Union of the Czechoslo- 
vak Republic), which is located in Pra^^ue. This or.^anization, which assumes 
all responsibility for the quartering; of the members of the expedition, will 
do so not only in Prague proper, but also in the provinces. First-class 
hotels will make a charge of thirty to thirty-five Czechoslovakian crowns 
per room having one bed, v/hile the charc:e in second-grade hotels will be from 
sixteen to twenty-two crowns. The Prazska Uverni Banka (Prague Credit Bank) 
writes that it will be cl^d to suoply any kind of information to all those 
wl-o would like to est^ablish a business relationship. Other .groups and organi- 
zations in Pra>::ue will show similar consideration to the members of the 
Expedition. 

Tlie first stop of our party v;ill be ICew York, then Bremen, and then Prapiie. 
?rom Bremen to Prague there will be a special train The committee con- 
sists of the followinr: trustworthy gentlemen: Messrs. John K. Yalha, presi- 
dent; Reverend 7uclav Vanek, secretary; Josef iJusek, treasurer; .-aiton J. Cerrnak, 



- r- 



III H - 3 - BOIi:^.:i.^J 
II A 2 

IV Denni HlaGatel , Jan. 8, 1922. 

who is in char^-e of special trains; Vaclav L. Rezabek, representative of the 
press committee; and Karel Vesely, v/ho has the responsibility of dealing with 
the commercial and agricultural organizations of Czechoslovakia. All requests 
should be accompanied by checks or money orders made out to Joseph Dusek, 
treasurer, and should be mailed to :<everend Vaclav Vanek, secretary, 2324 South 
Central Park Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. 



Ill II 



BOHJ.IL"JT 



- o 



II 

IV Denni Illasatel, Oct. 14, 1921, 

A BUSIKiSJ iilXPiilDITION TO OZu^CCIIOSLOViVKIA 

A comnittee to plan for a business expedition to Czechoslovakia was 
organized in this city last -/ednjsday. The expedition will leave Chicago 
in April of next year. Its purpose is to make business, industrial, and 
agricultural contacts in Czechoslovakia, to investigate business, industrial, 
and agricultural conditions, and to encourage our American countrymen to 
sensible investment of money in our new Czechoslovak Republic, as v;ell as to 
bring back reliable inforr.iation about business, industrial, and agricultural 
opportunities available to our countrymen who »vculd be interested either in 
investing their savings in the old country or in returning there to live. 

The expedition will take over the ..hole second cabin space in a fast ship, 
about 450 second-class cabins. At present, the lowest price Tor a second- 
class cabin is about ^150, better located cabins are raore expensive, and 
there is a war tax of five dollars. First cabins also v/ill be available 



—J 



Ill H - 2 - 

II A 2 

TI Denni Hlasatel, Oct. 14, 1921. 



BOH' ja AIT 



for :j;220 and up. No third cabin reservations will be accjpted. 2very 
participant is to pay five dollars for currant expenses of the conr.iittee 
and various extra advantages which the expedition vvill offer. 

The expedition is heuded by well-known Czechoslovaks not only of Chicago 
but of othor parts of the country. The chairman of the corinittee is i.'j?. 
John K. Valha. The Reverend Vaclav Vanek is its secret:ir^^, and l.lr. Josef 
Dusek, the well-known produce and fruit broker of I^andolph Street, is its 
treasurer. The subcommittee on speci-dl brains to Kew York is headed by 
iU-derman .\nton J. Cermak; the subcommittee to negotiate with the Czecho- 
slovak Government, by Lavrrer Karel Vesely; the press subcommittee, by 
:.:r. Vaclav L. "Rerabek. Reservations accompanied by twenty-five dollars, 
of which twenty dollars v;ill be credited to the price of the ticket and ..g 

five dollars used for current expenses, are being accepted now. Checks 
and money orders should be made out to !.!r. Jo3ef Dusek, • nd sent to the 
undarsi.^ned secretar:^. 



CO 



m - - 3 - BOILiirjI 



II A 2 



IV Danni Hla^atel , Cct, 14, 1921* 

Thd corfimittee is determined to make this a representative expedition, 
therefore all applications must bo acicomnanied by the name, address, 
'occupation, etc., of the applicant. 

(Signed) Vaclav Vanek, Secretary'- 

2324 South Central Rirk Avenue, 
Chicaco, Illinois* 



f • 






^ 



III H BoinnAK 

II B S 

Denni HI a sat el , Sept. 13, 1921 • 

THE DSP/J^TORE 

After several days' absence from Chicego, the party of our beloved overseas _ 

guests led by Brother Rudolf Bilek returned to us yesterday at nine o'clock 5 

in the morning. But they have not returned for any protracted stay: only r:;. 

for a short twenty- four hours. p 

Their first trip, on their return to Chicago, was, of course, to the hall of ^ 
Sokol Pilsen, where they were given every opportunity to spend the last hours S 
in Chicago in the most agreeable way. In the afternoon they went to Lincoln 5^ 
Park but returned to the West Side in order to dine in Brother Placek's restau- 
rant, and the evening saw them attending a farewell party with the general pub- 
lic at the Pilsen Park pavilion..^.. 

There was dancing to excellent music... until the early hours of the morning..,.. 



Ill H 
I G 

Dor.ni L'liGatei, June '^8, I'JZl, 






:^ 



.V total or vl4o«75 v/as collectea lor tue rund vviiicii ;;iil be usoa to erect a 
moiiuiaent in Tr3bon GzocaoGlovakia in nonor or thj Le^-iomiaires I'vori tuat city 
who lost their lives in action durin,- tae ..orld ..ar, /List or contributors 2 

is oiuittsd m translation^ Tne proceeas or tne collection ;ver3 sent to co 

Trebon. 



The coiiiiaittee ror ine er-jction oV the i.i0nu:::3nt v;il^ receive 1,555 Czechoslo- 
vaician k:ronen« The coniaittee in c.arre of collections consists oi' iVo and i.rs. 
iZarel liovaic, ;:^4o 3outh Jaint Louis vV'jnue; '..r. jprn^ •Tiraceiv, lo40 ..est lytn 
Jtreet; and Ix. .Rudolph :"^brinr:er, ^iVu "..est L-tth place. 

Additional contributions v;ill be t^ratei'ully acceptea u./ the above luentionea 
collectors* 






C5 



illii BOHElvJ.iN 

Denni Klasatel , June 7, 1921. 

A REPOET ON COIITivIBUTICNS 

Cur countrymen contributed the suni of ^67.50 to^.ard the fund for the erec- ^ 
tion of a Sokolovna (Sokol Kail) in Pit in, Ivloravia, Czechoslovakia. 2 

^ames of donors are omitted in translation./ "^ 



o 
o 
J) 



:-0 



Ill H Bcrc^^iAr 

III B 2 

III C Dennl H lasGtel, !.:ar. 5, 1921. 

;j: 7//j^^:di'TIo:: to Tir: old hci'^lai^d 

We hereby call the attention of menbers of our national or^ranizations, the 

Ceskoslovenske Narodni Sdruzeni (Czechoslova}. National Alliance of A'nerica), .j: 

the Slovenska Liga (Slovak Lea^nie) , and the Karodni Svaz Ceskych Katoliku - 

(national Alliance of Bohemian Catholics of Ajnerica) to the fact that there z 

are only ninety-five reservations to be had for our expedition to our home- '^ 

land» The interest in the expedition is p-reet, and applications are comin-: in a 

froi:; almost every state in the Union, as well as from Canada. Therefore, those 5 
who intend to ^o should send in their applications as soon as possible before ' ^ 
it is too late. 



The expedition v;ill sail from Tev/ York on Saturday, June 4, on the steamship 
**Kieuw Amsterdam** to Boulorne-sur-!:er, from there it will proceed by rail to 
Paris. In Paris, two days will be devoted to si^ht-seelnp, and the expedition 
will then po directly to Pra(:ue, Czechoslovakia. The re^rular price for a 
second class cabin is 01^5; the war tax and transportation from harbor to Paris 
is included in this fee. 






Ill H - 2 - BOHT?^IAN 

III B 2 

III C Denni Hlasatel , Mar. 5, 1921. 

The expedition committee, which is getting all possible help from the govern- 
ment of the Czechoslovak Republic, has taken care of everything in order to 
make this trip a pleasant one. A special Czechoslovakian train will meet the 
members of the expedition in Paris. All housing arrangements in Prague will 
be taken care of, as well as customs inspections at the border. The American 
correspondence bureau in Prague, together with the officials of the government, 
is already engaged in making preparations for the members of the expedition. 
The expedition committee will furnish all information concerning baggage, 
accommodations, taxes, passports, circulars, etc. Preliminary information is 
already being published from time to time in the monthly organ of the Cesko- 
slovenske Nerodni Sdruzeni v Araerice, the Poselstvi . 

Applications are being handled by the expedition committee at the office of 
the Ceskoslovenske Narodni Sdruzeni. It is necessary to present a membership 
verification card from one of the above-mentioned national organizations with 
the application, together with a fifty-dollar deposit for each reservation. 
Out-of-town applications may be sent to the following address: The Czechoslovak 



->> 



fv 



IILS - 3 - BOiravTIAN 
III B 2 

III C Dennl Hlasatel , Kar. 5, 1921. 

National Alliance, Expedition Committee, 3734 West 25th Street, Chicago, 
Illinois. 









err 



TJJ r 



II J 






■■■■■■■■■■■■■I 

A collec'-iori for the benefit cf ths iokol ha _1 in Ilorina, near Bojkovice, 
Gzochoslovi'^ia, v/ns undertu'ron, .-ind tho folic. inrr; ps3ople coiitrijuted: /rkere 
follov/s a list of contributors -md the ariounts .'iven_^ fetal, si-:ty-fivG 
delivers • 

:;.essrs« Jan Vcljnoc and jjiton >vatos '..in;.Grtool: a collijction for the benefit 
of a churcl: in Juslav, :3zecli03lovakia, and tlie follov/inc neonle contribuued: 
_/^here follov; the ni\:::es and a'lountsj^/ Total, thirty-five dollars. 



'-:3 



71 



Ill H BOIEIMIAN 

Dennl Hlasatel, Dec. 23, 1920* 

H3LP TO INFORM 1H2 CZECHOSLOVAK PEOPLE IN OUR OLD HOIIEL^n) 

A number of educational lectures on American habits, conditions, general life, ^ 

and American acquisitions are to be held in the Czechoslovak Republic. In ^ 

order that these educational lectures may be more valuable, slides will be ^ 
used. Mr. Emil Tuma, editor of the Americka Korespondence (American Correspond- C 

ence), 606 Staroraestske Namestl, Prague, Czechoslovakia, was authorized to ^ 

collect the necessary material, such as pictures from various periodicals, 2 

daily nev/spapers, etc» All such material should be sent to him. A good deed ^ 
will be accomplished by anyone who sends such pictures and illustrations to 
Mi:. Tuma, because by it he will help to inform our people about American ways 
of life* 

The follo\?ing pictures and illustrations are needed: 

Streets: Street sv;eeper, sprinkling of streets, machine and water sweeping, 
sewer cleaning, ssmitary inspection, street paving and repair. 



en 



-^ 



III H - 2 - BOnaMIAK 

Denni Hlasatel. Dec* 23, 1920. 
Buildings: Safety devices, erection of skyscrapers, house moving. 

V/agons: Various kinds of v/agons and other street transportation facilities 
such as a milk wagon, ice wagon, ice-cream wagon, etc. ^ 

( — 
Business: Show windows, arrangement of goods, barber shop, shoe shine par- C 

lor, newspaper stand, drug store, tavern, etc. 5S 

o 

Street traffic: Parades, funerals, circus parade, playgrounds, and games. ^ 

ro 

Parks: Park conveniences, lawns, drinking fountains, refuse boxes play- 
grounds, zoological gardens. 

Railroads: Freight locomotive, passenrrer locomotive, railroad depot entrance, 
depot interior, information desk, ticket office, safety devices, trainmaster, 
porter, down town ticket office, country railroad crossing, passenger coach, , 
sleeping coach, dining coach, service. (Railroad companies will furnish 



Ill H - 3 - B0K:2Aim 

Dennl Hlasatelt Dec. E3, 1920# 

literature and pictures*) 

Mail: Mail train, steel coach, mail carrier, mailbox, parcel post mailbox, 
rural mailbox, post-office interior and exterior. 



Firemen: Fire station and fire extinguishing apparatus, advancement of work 
follo\\ring the alarm, modern fire engine driving through the streets, firemen 
at work, group of Boh ami an- American firemen, etc. 

Police: Parade, mounted police, motorcycle police, automobile squads, patrol 
and alarm system, police station. 



-o 



Electric streetcar lines: Modem streetcar, motorman, conductor, safety C 

devices, enow plow, elevated, and subways, car stopping at street, car dis- i^ 

charging passengers at cross lines, waiting for right of way, most lively 2 

spot, policeman pursuing a speeding automobile, danger signs near schools, co 
hospitals, etc. 



CD 



cr 



Ill H - 4 - BOHStJIAM 

Dennl Hlasatel , Dec. 23, 1920* 

Jail: Sections for men and v;onen, police matron, group of Bohenian-iimerican 
policemen, chief of police, Bohemian-American police officers, sergeants and 
policemen who have distinguished themselves, mechanical policemen at work# 



-o 

zn 



Co 
CD 



Ill H 

I a 






Denni lilasutel, Dec* 12, 1920 



jrT2^Tici:, oavi?i::mj:i: fro:: i-z^cjl.etjt^k -JD Yicr::T 



I'.r. Jcsef rCasal, a native of IZruceiribLTk, Czechoslovakia, living at 2422 South 
Ilanlin .ivenue, recently received a coiniiunication from his birthi'lace asking ^ 
that support be ,^iven to a collection for the pvr]jose of buying;: new church ^ 

bells to roTilace those stolen bv .Lustrians durinr; the '^/orld \'Jar. .^ a con- 3 
sequence, the tovm is v/ithout church bells. I.^embers of the co nittee in C" 

charge of the collection, Reverend I^ohlik, I^r. .d. .^rzavy, and 'llVm Karel z^ 

Pokoriiy, state that the tovji has been v/ithout church bells for several years; £ 
this fact is a constant reninder of the horrors of v/ar. Hope is expressed «g 

by the coiiuaittee that ^ur.erican countrymen from IZrucernburk and vicinity v;ill 
give assistance to :nake possible the purchase of nev; bells. Cur ccuntryruen 
fro!:i iirucemburk and surroundinc tov.-ns v/ho v;ish to contribute are requested 
to send their donations to the above-mentioned addres:i. 



en. 



Ill II 

I D 2 

II D 10 



T>r\1T r>' T 



^01 1 



Den :d Illi.satel, I To v • 1 o , 19 2 • 



aioiL.T co:*Diriu:o e: .o old iiGi_cL::D 



(Jdi;:uriL;l) 



Latoly, unfc^vorLible rc;^:)ort3 :v-:;ve been coMinr: rro]:i C'^ochoslovuizia to /-jiericu 
;:liich nutur-dly urouj-a tl:e ititeroot of t ho Gzoc/i03lovaJ:s v;ho live in the 
United Jtctes, j^irst, they ure iiitereated because Ozecho^lovaks never 

diGuvov; tlieir origin (at least not the first f^enercition) , and secondly, be- 
cause thov tjieriselves are very iiach a ^^art oi* tlie Gzec.fioslovah Ro-^^ublic v/hich 

V K/ U art. 

they helped to build» Therefore, they reiiu the present colirais of ne"i;spap0r 
report fro:.i Caeclioslovahia sorrov/fully, 

:.t the bea'in'iiny v/hen the first i^ifavorable ir^ports cai/io, local Czeohoslovuks 
v;ere hoping that conditions in Gzechoslova.cia v;oula reprove and becor.io i.iore 
stable in a short ti:.:o, because fecial and politicalT" fer].;ent of this sort 
does ro'^uire a certain :airiOunt of tine to subside. Therefore, our people here 
v/aited i;atientlyo But inasnuch ^s conditions v;ero not ir.::ro7inc — on the 
contrary, they v/ero •:ettin2 v/orse -Jid i;or5e — patience herj beran to be 



TO 
CD 



CD 



Ill H - 2 - MI:!l.:I:£L 

I D 2 c . 

II D 10 Denni IHaGatcl, IIcv. lu, 19r:G. 

exhaustod. Conditions bQcano go bui thut toduy poo]:.lc read these reports 
fvoii Gzechoolovalcia oitlier ainciously or roluctaiitiy. 

'Je are not a bit 2urpri3ed« '..•e ourcolves are '^f■3ry an::iou3 v;iien the inail fron 
Czechoslova'^:ia ic delivered to v>3. Vfnenever v;e be-yiii to read the nev:spapers 
fron Czechoslovakia, and especially thoae publisho'"" in Irayue, v/e trenble 

v;ith fear, ozrpectiny :.ore unfavorable no:;s# TaiG anxiety, this fe.^r is 
aroused in us because of sincere and honest CzecliOslovakiLin sontLaent v:hich 
c.annot be snothered bv tlie rreat distance and the ocean seDaratin^: us fron 
our native land. It is imderstandable. Cn the other hand, v;e are not a bit i-j 
surprised v/hen v;e hear that a Czechoslovak is reading these reports reluc- l:.^ 

tantlvo Jven this vie coasider natural. 

T!lie Czechoslovak people of :'xr:eriea acconplished niracles duriu;: the stru/M^le 
for our old hotneland's independence. Jid all this v/as done v;ith a love and 
enthusiasn for the Cc^use. 3*/ acco".i^lishin<^ these deeds, thev did not sacri- 
fice thenselves; they only did v/h.;t v/as their duty. But iiost of these deeds 






-o 



III H ^ - 3 - mijL..l.Z[ 

I D 2 c 

II D 10 Denni -ausatol, IIov. IG, 19;^0. 

vj"ere effected b^r people of s..iall neaiis — h-j our poor people. Vfriile the 
richest and nost v/ell-to-do class of Czechoslovak-. •j.iericc.ns either slept or 
pretended to be asleep, the ordinary, poor ^;orhin{- i.eople drud5:ed alr-ost to 
exliaustion iu order to contribute tov;ard such a cause as the liberi'tioq of 
our old honeland. \Je ourselves hno'.; not only of one case, but of nany cases 

v;hero our coi::..on people contributed all their savinrrs for the benefit of this 
really beautiful and consecrated cause, savings that rieaiit a fortune to ther.i. ^ 
These people v/ould have riven rjicii :.:ore, but cou^id not bec-iuse there T;as :— 

nothinr left. But, nevertheless, they drud-ed and contributed a-^^-ain in order q 
to help v/herever assistance, :iccordin-j to tlieir convictions, v/as needed. Ilany ^ 
a tiiio they co::tributed their last penny v;:.en they were convinced that it 
v/ould help. 

Such a Ozechoslovahian v.-orhin^-^nan of .jr.erica had to v/orh li :e a slave for 
ever^^ '^:'^Qnny he contributed, '..'orhint-: conditions iri .j/ierica are not as easy 
as they used to be in the old honelajid. It is true, of course, tl^at in the 
old hor.ioland v;a{-es v/ore never too hi^h, but the v/orhinf;::iiiii, under the 



Ill K - i - 

I D 2 c 

II D 10 Deiini IIlaGatol, i:ov. IG, 1920. 



BC'j[^:i.j; 



pr^jvuilin^ conditions, aid not have to \;orIc go hard; or at least he did not ^ 

have to v/ork :.3 hard as h3 does i:i .\:.ioric^# here, indeed, there is a chance ^ 
to earn monev — a .'::reat deal of i.onev — but auite oiten a i.iaji has to v;orrc lihe --. 
a nule, because in 2*i:;.3rica nobody ^'ives you so!:ieth;inr: Tor nothin;:, y.o v/ondor, p 
then, tiiat thi^: Osechoslov.Ccian man of .jieric ., and especiall.r the h:.rd- 
\'JOv\:ir^: iiian, in rea iin^; these re;no-^t" fro-n Czochoslovahia, sud:ienly realized 
that by perforMin:' his daties tov;ard CJzechoslovairia he also f;:;ained certain 
rip:hts. 



In conseavience of these ri^ht.-:, he asks hiMsolf : ^*If I have to v;or-: hero 
like a mule all :iy life, ^'nvj are those v;ho iro just berinainc to live as a 

free nation not uillinr: to v;orh, at leiist reasonably hard? ijaowinr; that only 
honest liard v;orh v;ill preserve their hard-earned froedOiiL, v;hy i-ire tiiey not 
r;illin^: to v;or> in or.ler to hee"»") alive their Her)ublic v;]iich surel\" :..ust be 
dear a:id s.icred to then? hhv do not our brotla.Ts an i sisters bovond the 
ocean prove so.aeho'/; th it tliey theiriselves are deeply and really interested in 
soein:y th:.t tne life of their Republic is put on a soiuid and healthy basis 



O 



— i 
err 



Ill : 




I D 


ri c 


II D 


10 






T) 






Doiini III -is; it ol, rov, 16, 19*30. 
so th-at nono ol' us have to ba afraid of -lor frturo?" 

.^nd in discust, the Czechoslovilr-.j.-GriC-in v;ill SAV^hooeV* ia the 'znoulodr-e 
that r;robabl^^ the r;.eo~)lo or tho old hoir.elaiid v/ill for over ^leoerid u^c-on ov.t- 
side help, ospocially Uj_-on help froi.. Czechoslovifc- ^:orica; and that our 
brothers across tlie oco-;n fi-^uro th .t it aould be foolish to -.vorh v'hori all ^ 

that is aecessarv ": s to call u^'on Ozecliaslovih-.-jierica, and the- Ozeclioslova'rs ^ 
of ."jierica "..'ill outdo o-.ch other in sendira: t:ie re ;:ired rs :istance, g 



>^ 



Tliat such is the sita.tioa is evidenced by a. rei:)crt v/nich vjas published by 
nev/sp-apers of the entire v/orld. 'fliis report co.ies fron iraaae, Ozechoslcvahia, 
and stites taat the present offici.^l cabinet of tr.e Czechoslovah Repifolic 
decided to send i^i its resi'aiation because tlio fecial Denocr-itic -^"^artv, v:ith 
the aid of -l^riians, induced tlie p'lrlianent tc apyropritite th' sui'.i of txvo 
billion Czech oslova'-ci an Icronen to be used as relief for the un-sr.iployed. fr is 
shov;s that todav the '"'Oo-nle of C::echoslovj •:!•:•. do i:ot feel liae v'orkiTif:. fver--- 
bodv ov^r tliere v/ould line to live co::foi'tabl^^ uuon the •overruaent , vihicli 



en 







i.Kjj. L..ii.. ±.-^, 



Dem-i Ulasat^l, IIov. 16, 105:;0 



its:jlf is out of fTinds. 31ia]l t'lo ^-OYcrnr'ont 3to il? If t:io * 30]^l.o of Cz-echo- 

slovjJcia \;ere re illv honest and siiiocir-:^ GzeCiioslovL^ciaii ^:ooi)le, h-iivinr" ::.t lo'jst ^ 

a bit or lov^3 for t;:eir hoi.iolaiid iv ti.eir hoc^rts, l.jv ■/ould bo asiiiuied to eat -o 

out their ova: coijiti''.^ Tliey v;oi:l:.l loo'-: x"or v/orl: luitil tliov found it, and then ^ 

they vro-ld v;or': Gteadil'.' in ordor to holr thousGlves and b-.^ it al^o heln the ^ 

Hepublic. Tiie ?.OT:ublic oov.ld then stand in on her ov;n foot in ^ ver.'r 3hort "^ 

tii'13. But today, ovor^.'body in our old l^c"'. -0. ••^id is tr^'iny to yet a yovemj-.^iOit -^ 

job, ':]^ethei- he i3 lualific'l or 2:ot, especially if he is an adherent of t he :— 

yoverninc n-iviyr. .Cver'^bcd" v:oald lilce to nli.-' tao ].ord, leavin- the -.orh — ^ 
the real ;:orh — to a co:ipar' tively s:.iall najiber o" ro-..l Czec]ior3lov:J:3# 'Ihose 
amony the rest v;ho do i ot hole' ara; •'Ovcrri'..ent jobs lo not c ..ra to v;orh and 

are receiving- ■•overn:.:ent relief for the laioj.a lo-'od x*rov. thu in'^^overished J^e- 
nublic, -jid these neonle are not .sharied to talze relief — not even vrhen thev 
knov; that the -republic ia in b al financial oistress. .yp-.rently f^ioy bijinh 
that aonebody aill holy thori out ayain, unti th..t Ozochoslov •]:-/: :oricv- is yood 
enouyh to provide ]:ore aid a:;d x*arther support • 

Gzechoslovah- J erica, 2iOv;ever, vronld do vroil if iu did not evon riove a finyer 



OT 



~ -r -,- T r 

I D r. c 



II..L 



ii, 



De-ni 1 11 .sut ol, IIov. !(>, 1920* 



in behLilf of tl:o CseciiOGlov i> }^epub].ic imtil tho -;eoj.le v;ithi:: tiiG Republic 
ch.-jLn>j;e, mitil tlie people z^ "to v;or': to tho liist mcui .-md \^oi\ui\ in order to 
prove th it in the first place thoy v;ill depend u; on tthe::-selves, and as a lact 
resort only v/ill they depend up.on oiitGide help. 



ID 



CO 



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Ill H 
III B 2 



BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 28, 1920. 

PROCLAI.LITION OF THE CZEGHCSLOV/U: NATIONAL ALLIi\l^CE OF AMERICA 

Friends! In the infinite where of life and the unrestrained flow of time, 
the hour when vie celebrate the second anniversary of the 'TDeclaration of 
Independence'* of the Czechoslovak Republic is approaching again. This hour 
is celebrated by us as a result of our revolutionary work in Czechoslovak 
America; a sweet kiss of redemption after centuries of despair; a glowing sun 
of freedom after a long period of slavery; a dawn of our better future; a 
splendid fulfillment of the desires and dreams of our forefathers; a divine 
fulfillment of all our longings in days of bitterness; the highest ideal of 
free men and women and nations. 

Independence arrived at the moment when the predicted hour had struck and the 
prophecy of Jan Amos Komensky (Jan Amos Commenius), one of the noblest sons 
of our nation, was fulfilled: "I fully believe that after the tempest of 
wrath has passed, the rule of thy country will return to thee, oh Bohemian 
people I ^ 



CD 



CD 

^ 3 



Ill H - 2 - BQHEMIAH 

III B 2 

Deimi Hlasatel , Oct, 28, 1920. 

That for which our forefathers strove in vain for centuries; for which they 
sacrificed their lives; for which they fought and died — all that has been 
achieved. Bohemia, with sisterly Moravia and Silesia, has grasped the brotherly 
hand of Slovakia, discarded the shameful foreign yoke, and advanced its people 
to the ranks of free people of the world. 

The old Bohemian lion has risen again; the variegated Moravian eagle and the 
black Silesian eagle have spread their wings and flown to the Tatra Mountains 
where the cross of Slovakia glitters. The historic old flags again rustle in 
the breeze, bringing nev; life to our dear old colors, the white, red, and blue. 
Under these flags, behind their aged leader, marched our proud legions v/ith 
TAftiose blood our redemption was consecrated. 

The moment had arrived, the predicted hour had struck, and di^ams and longings 
became realities. Fate favored us, poor, insignificant creatures that we were, 
and permitted us to witness this great day which our nation had dreamed of 
for three hundred years. It gave us the opportunity to live through this great 
change of the v/orld which is becoming a milestone in world history, bringing 



Ill H * - 3 - BCHmilAIT 

III B 2 

Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 28, 1920. 

redemption and resurrection. 

It allowed us to put forth our best efforts and help truth and justice to con- 
quer. Now we can co-operate in the establishment of a real world democracy. 

It is a memorable and glorious day in the history of our nation! It is our 
wish that each of thy anniversaries pour nev/ strength into our hearts, in- 
vigorating the fainting enthusiasm of tired souls, kindling a new fire of love 
and generosity in indifferent hearts, purifying fanatic souls, and leading all 
those who are astray to the right road of perception, under the one and only 
flag. 

liay thou be a glowing sun which, by its rays, pours a new enthusiasm and fervor 
into the hearts of all workers, that they do not break down, but continue to 
work upon the holy task of love I 

y/e greet thee, day of our freedom and the most glorious holiday of our hearts! 









Ill H -4- BOHET^OAI^I 

III B 2 

Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 28, 1920. 

Let us hope that thy anniversaries ;vill be countlessi 

Signed: The Ceskoslovenske Narodni Sdruzeni v Americe 
(Czechoslovak National Alliance of America). 



I — 



en 



Ill E BOIIIir.TIAN 

II D 10 

Denni Ilia sat ol . Aug. 15, 1920. 

FOR THE BENEFIT CF 30K0L 3T.-iRY i:OLIi: BUILDITJCr FU1\T 

LIT. V. J. Ilorak of 2508 3outh 5C-th Avenue, Cicero, Illinois, recently received 
a corrmunication from the Telocvicna Jednota ookol Stary Kolin (Jtary Kolin 
gyinnastic unit) of Czechoslovakia, in vjhich he was asked to solicit contri- 5 

butions for the erection of a Jokol gymnasium in Stary Kolin, Czechoslovakia. 



:i> 



Heretofore the follov^in^ contributions were collected: Yir. Joseph Z. Klenha, ^ 
^10; 1:t. Frank Houcek, .^10; the Llortcn Park State Bank $5; the .Western State g 

Bank, -iJS; JJr. Vaclav Tulan, ')10; total, O^O. 



CO 

-—J 
en 



Ill II BOIia.!IAN 

III B 2 

II B 3 Denni Pllasatel . July 9, 1920. 

I G 

CZECHOSLOVAKS OF i^ffiRICA QUESTS OF TR^ CZECHOSLOVAK 

I^IATIONAL COUNCIL OF PRAGUE 

The representatives of our American countryinen's expedition to the Seventh 
Sokol Festival held in Prague, Czechoslovakia, were {^ests of the Czecho- 
slovak National Council of Prague on June 10, 1920. They were welcomed and 
cordially f^reeted by the president of the above-mentioned organization, 
IJr. Adolf Prokupek. He emphasized the fact that .^erican Czechoslovaks v;ere 
among the first who came to participate in this great national celebration, 
and were also among the first who hoisted the flag of Czechoslovak inde- 
pendence after the great .7orld .7ar vzas declared. L![r. Joseph Placek, leader 
of the Sokols* expedition fraii Chicago, and Mr. Joseph Paskovsky, representa- ^ 
tive of the Czechoslovak National Council of America and also of the Czecho- 
slovak National Alliance of America, delivered an impressive response and 
promised further co-operation. Later a first consultation meeting dealing 
with important national, educational, and economic problems of both the 
new and old countries vvas held 



c> 



.i 




Ill H • BOHEaAfi^-^ 

IV 7^^v^ 

I c 

ine Czecnoslovatc Review ^ Vol. 4, No« 6, p. 242, June, 1920. 

/SISETAS/IKA APPOINTED CONSUL FOR CHICAGO DISTRICT/ 

Jaroslav F. Sme^antca has been aDrointed by the Czechoslovak KepuDlic as 
its first Consul for the Chicago district. Coincident witn entering 
upon his new duties, ne severs nis edii^orial connection ?/iLh the 
Czechoslovak: Review . 

Before and since the firsL appearance of this publication, Mr. Smetanka 
has consisTiently striven to place before tne thinking public the cause 
of tne Bohemian and Slovak peo^::)le. In this he has been singularly 
successful. Rightly, he belongs to that band of seers led by President 
Masaryk, who first conceived the practical means of realizing the ideal 
of an Independent Czechoslovakia. 

Principally through Mr. Smetanka* s efforts our American public was 
brought face to face with the oppressed Slavs of Central Europe. His 
presenta-cion of tneir asr)irationG and ambitions was lucid, accurate and 
siraole. Its force carried conviction. Being one of tne foremost American 
journalists of Czechoslovak origin, his forceful personality will be sadly 
missed by the CzechoslovaK Review. 




- -p - 



BOHSMIA^Kn 



OJ^ 



The Czechoslovak Review , June, 1920. 

Nevertheless, we have the satisfaction of knowing that he will give 
his energies to useful work in which nis training and abilit^ies will 
serve the Czechoslovak people* An intimate acquaintance of almost 
twenty years convinces us that tiie confidence bestowed lias not been 
misplaced. 




Ill H B0H3I.1IM 

V A 1 

Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 18, 1920, 

FQR TM2 EEiaFIT OF TEIE 30K0L 
KARD.;SOVA R3CIC3 BUILDER FUITD 

Recently a collection was begun among our countrymen from Kardasova Recice, 
Czechoslovakia, for the benefit of the Sokol Kardasova Secice Building Fund, 
and although many have not thus far remembered their native tovm, still 
Mrs. Frantiska Stejskal continues to receive contributions. Previously, the 
sum of $48.50 was^acknov/l edged and the collector nov/ announces these further 
contributions: /Translator's note: List of names and amounts followsj*/ 
Total, $12.50. Further contributions may be sent to Ivlrs. Frantiska Stejskal, 
2509 South Hamlin Avenue, Chicago. 




Ill 






II D 10 
Y .•. 1 



■-/■J- -! '-.i- --.:..->-> - O -L 5 . i._^ ^ • '_• J J. */ .U • 



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Coui:tr:T:2n rro::i IL.rdai.ov.. ^ecico, Cz;3C:io:lov.J:ia, ura net I'or-jottin,:; 
tlieir old hone to;".., as is apparent bj t::o dor.L.tions cciiii::: irx for this 
patriotic C'-iuse. 'Hie siu.: of ,.6o v;^s : r^vioU'jly reported and since 
th.^.t tiMe r.iore donj.tions -./ere roceived b; l.vc ^"rra.tiska Jtejskal: 
Translator's noto: LiGt of n:-.vas of donors u,ollo'«;s^ fotal, ,12. 







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juojo of "gLo 'univj:-*.>i"u7 oi 0-i.Lc-.c^, vojbord-.y .u.*i.->i*no.vii 
Oi G:iic.."0 153 tlij r xiouG 3diic xioii ;1 i-.:.;tiGuti .n :, 






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univorjiT:;/- ..uditoriu:.., ^ 'indjl .'.11, 



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LPOj. on cxio 3t:)0 



the Czoc".i03loy...::i-n •ooo-:^io« "..-.on cur 
er*3 t:)1-.l L'or.i, lie '.:-.3 jreotod b^- or:tIiU3i:.;juic _. .l:;u.:.3. l.ij ^-oeocli, in 
v:LiCji ho uijcus30d t.^e .^ct; .1 cur.diuioiic in Gz jcho^;lov:j.":1 ;, cr::.i:;d a 
dQ3V. i:: ro33ion. ^r ■d-iiti.n to hi::, ropro3ont:.itiv3s or '^hG u:.iv.jr:ity 
Suol:3, o::'.)r33oin ■• oiieir 3";aro-.;tiiv v;it^i -^.lio Czjcho 3lov...:i^.n voojia j.nd 
t-ioir TrDoidoiito '1^.0 :i33tin:; lci3t?d until lite in tho evoninc n.:.d v/.:. 



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II :. ;. 



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I33:ini I.lr^s .t: 1 ^ I.ur. ..1, 11:^20 



success in 3very res-'^ect. -';::ion'',tlie l::,r-^o a3;>o:::bl-.':o \jq noticed ProzTesoor 
ii:i3p:lrek, v;lio Ii ;s ju.^t roturLOcl froi:: liberie vr-.ere he :i*;ci been sent by 
the Ci^ec.iOslov :l:i m 'Gvorij lont on .n Lmortant :..issicn. 






OO.J. ^. 



at J'-ie Bo.rd of iTp/Js 



:^t noon tl.e toda- ^ .i reception i;ill be held in the Hotel L:;S.:.lle in 
honor Ox J'-oi 0-. I.j.s ..r:'!:, On:echoslcv:A]:ian i.inister to tJie United Jt-. tes, 
uhosc residence is in '..ushin.jton, 'J. ?•• ""^"^e r'^^ce: tiv^-n -- ^s been :-.r- 
r::.n::ed "oy the Jhic-co 3o..rd of Jriid:. , 7:itl: vrhich the CIzeciiOslcvci.lc jo:.rd 
of .rade of .^rioricu ^md the Ozechoslcv.i Bo -rd o'£ frade of Chic^^^o are 
affili-itod, 'iiio follo'riny coiintr:;:.Len are on tiie arr-xn:ei::ents coruiiittee: 
Jolm .^. Cerven:::., John Z^. ^chol, ^iirel /• Janovsliy, .fr:Aa;: G-* Ilajicsh, 
Jei.ios 7. btepina, cind r: ny others. On this occasion, our distin/mshed 
cue::t will sperd: on the subject, "'flio hev; -.urope .iiid Its Possibilities'' • 




Ill !I 
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tli3 tii.e joctor .or c:':, J-ini:Jt:-.r of ^in..:co oi* the Cz^cnoGlov. J: 

AOpublic, issueJ. tLo I'our ;:urc3:.t CJzjc.-OgIov ..: lo i:, it .3 3::poct.ed t:i :t 
ti:e lo:in. v;ouid bo 3Ul;::cricod ':c -it lioiio^ r^ut '.:'-.ozl tliio uid not li..p;oon, 
an idea \r\s co::cjiyed i:i .-tt-uo that t:iO Johei.i-.Jis and jjIov.lig in the 
initod dtcitcs could xloo p-irtici]- ..to in the subGcription, iV;o repr33ont:- 
tivos 01 ^j'^.:3 in '^■v:^:y.o^ Joctor li:.jcny, 01* the 3:.nk oi* 3ohe!"iia, and 
..vrno5t Loewy, oi* the Boiiji.i:ji Union J:c.nl:, './o'/o ..o.:t horo to t.:;he carvj ox 
cortL.in businosj :i;;tt3r3 ^.^nd ..Ijo to zool: subscribers for t'lo fonr j.>er 
C3nt io:..::o But b c:^U30 hore, ju3t :.:g in Or:;cho3lov\':i , tho loin v; .s 
not propjrly v.dvertij :id, v jrp lit;.le ".. -G hnoini :--b':.ut it encopt v:hat tlio 
Bohoni-n aid :»lov'i"- nj^rsr 



nn. 



-"», 






Tnoreiore, roprioent-.tivos 01 uno o:.n. :3 m i^r::^"TiG idina "one rv.rcot unpro- 



^arod and i.xojr the tr^.n3.-cticn of their oth^r 






Lid 3av.r:.l unGUCces^ful 






Ill :'. 

I D 1 a 

II A Z 
I 



T3 Tr ' T -- 
lj\ - - .-. -J . 



Demii^ J3.; ..:_..tpl, '.•.r. ..'., 19:^0. 



T ~ 
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atter.ipto to cr^ij.to intcr.>3t in the lo.ui, t-oy dep.rtad Tor hono* 
But :iriothor n::ji .:.s on his '..y here to \:ot.: in one intjrv^;ot of 
the i'oi^r por cent C::3C:.03lovan l0'.n« It i;..s i r. 7ucl^.v I'io.Lerlo 
'.•.no fon:Lor].Y lived in Oiiicr-^-o. Miile livin* in 3h-cvi"0, he voiunt:.;rilv 
joined tho j'ronch Ley-un md ^.fter tne w/.r ..epMrted v;ith the Lo :ion for 
Czcchoclovalcin. ''o nrrivod in the United Jtutes, roco2.iiend'3d :-,nd .ac- 
credited by -one l.ini^tcr of Tin .:co of Ozechoolovn^cia, lo v;or]: 'ii^z^::^ for 
the benefit of tliio loin» ITis entnusi^Gtic urticios -md invitations for 
subscriptions ;:ere :ubiiohed in Cz:>choslov..l:i..n nov.3pupers» Hut ohey 



aroused oni.y i ver:' little inbere^t 



'iiederle then sou nt the aid 



of CzechoLilovc^-C banners. lie viir^itod then ^--nd re^ nested the::- to tal:e 
hold of this cau:-:e» -h;t:.r consultation u'ith several of thei.i, a jieetinrf 
of b.niliers ;.as called. '2\i^ r.eotin;; '....s attended by reprose .t'^tives of 
all our Czechoslovalcian banhs in Chicago ina the 2 ■'oceedin':s of the 
jiieetinc v;ere ver:,?^ interostinr^ ...r, Taederle brought before thei.i the 
cause of his nissiono l^ie :n"iS'.;ers he received T;ero very true. It v: .3 




--.,-^.-^ 



• J 



III II 

I D 1 a 

II . 
I G 

I L 

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-.c^cr 2.n 



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pointed out to liir: that tlio Ic.-Ui dici not :ie.;t v/itii succ^: 
Czec]:o3lov-i.i;ia boc.^uj3 it v;as not oufxiciently ... avert isod* IIoit 
could tliG loan ]..o:t ^ritli succoso hero, ::hGro nothinr: is hnovai 






Dout it except :;hat v;..3 published in ^ur :3jheni:-n n:^".:spuper3'r -iit:; 



oT>^ 



 *? ' T' -I .-ts 



liechoslovul: Oovorir.jnt ..nd ba..il:s v:ere consumed bocau^e thoy never con- 
sult Bohcriicji national, corr-...rcial, or P-.n mci..! circles in the bnitcd 
otutes. 1-1 :ns a_-a ii--.ae i'or .i:.ieric.-i in Prapue, and repreeentatives Prun 
rra'-ue are sent here to c .rrp out these pi as: thoy ur 



u 






prevailinp conditions icid do not consult local orpanizaLi^ns. it a .s 
pointea out that a .honian b/^- ai in Prague, "..ith uhe penoisoi^n md ap- 
prov..l of the jovernr.ent, sent tv'o Poh.a.tian ±in:..nciers to vhe Inited 
.jtates in lol^, to nepotiato :i twentp-PiVvj nilli-^n doll ::r loan# n:e 
represex.t-Ltive oi the ..inister oP jin mce '....s already in the Inited 
states. -^10 hopoti iticns tcoh place in Ilev; Yorh vdiere, of course, ..xcj 
rnational lo-.n is clo.:jd« Dut 3oji-::.ii..;n i'ina;iciors v;ere left un- 






ncLicod; no one nepoti t 
Bohei'iicji baiilcs of f^r^ ue 









• T\," i' a ,-r. "!^,'^ "'*;■» • ^ •*- 



o^ves oP the 



^-"^-f 



tor spenainp o 



nly tao days iji G:;icupo, irsrely 




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to=S 



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Ill H 

I Li 1 :-A 

II .. Z 

I G 

I "L 






B0!I.2T:J^ 



 ■■■I  t' ' 






nontionsd that th3 loan iiad not uoen clc39d in IJov; York because 
of Uiix^vorabio co:.u.iti-^ns« li'wVortl-jlosG, tlio opinion prodoi.ii- 
natcd h.e--G that the heoteri:, \.::ricultur:'l .jt^.tes, includin::: 



Uisconsin, \ inno.^ot., Jouth ;\nd I'oi^tli Di'iot:,, lo;; ., and .^obri.oh-., .vith its 
hun-P-^ds of thcuo:_uid3 Ox lndu::triou3 Oiid ^. oill^hy f-ir:..orG, d^BVotad to their 
nativo land, would bo abio to subocribo a 1o-j:i Ox sevjral i.illijn doll-iPG. 
In a liho nann-^;r oov.^:- .1 nillion could be ouLocribou in the otutos of 
Pen:i07lv:..nici, and Lhic, 3-..ar.'.inc; v;ith the thrift:.- CsocltOslovahian poodle, 
not to nontion 3hic:.ro, Ol3V:jlj-rid, cjid othor citi:-. , v.ith their hundreds 

of thouo';.ndo of 3oho:;iia:"io and Jlov.dco. .lit '-n^.^ about the Jt^tes of 
ikTJcansas, GhlJioii^ , and fo:::,G, where tho farricro were willin;3 'co ^^oll 
their cotton tc the JzechoslovakiciLn "roverrjient on cr.;dit« . ould not 
tnis noney .rjid cotton have coi.iO in h^ia^i;/ •;:o the •o^ rnn^^nt, industry, and 
CQni:..erce of Gzechcslovahia in ll-ll', if the I^oho:.Li:Ui b:inl:s and the -overn- 
rr.en had ne.::otiated diroctly \/ith our circles at that tine? h'ould not 
tiiO fina^iCial position of Csechoslov-:d:ia be strengthened if, for insta..ce, 
the Gsochosloval: Ck)veriiuent haa nade a lo^ai of ton or fifteen nillion 






^o. 



Ill H 


I D 1 a 


II A 2 


I C 


I L 


17 



- 5 - B0H3ML^ 

Dennl Hlasatel , Mar. 24, 19E0, 

dollars among our people, v/hen it was impossible to get a 
tv^enty-f ive million dollar loan from Morgan or the Guaranty- 
Trust Company? 

These opinions were expressed by all the representatives of the sixteen 
Bohemian banks and it was resolved, to organize themselves as an American- 
Czechoslovak Bankers' /issociation, and to extend the organization all over 
the United States where Czechoslovak, or partially Czechoslovak, banks 
exist. It was also resolved not to participate in, or subscribe to this 
four per cent loan, but to participate, as generously as possible, in the 
subscription of the next loan which is being prepared for american sub- 
scription. Because the next loan will amount to at least fifty million 
dollars, the Bankers Association will endeavor to secure the good will of 
the large group of New York bankers for the realization of the loan. This 
can be accomplished if our banks participate in the subscription of the 
loan in large amounts, and if they take the sale of bonds to the 




Ill H - 6 - BOHSIai;\IT 

I D 1 a 

II A 2 Denni Hlasatel, Mar* 24, 1920 • 

I C 

I L Czechoslovak people into their ovm hands* After this meeting, 

17 an organizational meeting was held; bylav/s were adopted and 

officers v/ere elected* Officers of the association are: James 
F. Stepina, president; Frank G* Hajicek, secretary; Otto Kaspar, trea- 
surer; Frank J. Skala, president of the publicity committee* 




Ill H BOKElilM 

Deimf Hlasatel , Mar. 22, 192p« 

FOR SOKOL'3 G-Y1.3\i;3IUIJ K SeCIC2 

For the benefit of the Sokol Kardasova Secice Building Fund, the following 
contributions v/ere deposited v/ith i.Irs« Frantiska Stejskal, 2509 South 
Hanilin Avenue: Ivlrs. F. Stejskal, ^d; LIrs. Marie Liucek, 4Z; Ivir. Vaclav 
Cfzek, v8; Joseph Hulik, $2« It is v/orth-vmile mentioning that the above- 
mentioned contributors have been living in the United States for the past 
forty years««.«# 







•srrjK^rr: 



III H 



bcie2:lji 



III B 2 


II D 


10 


I G 




I C 




TI 




I C 


(31 



Denni Tllasatel , Mar. G, 1920* 

Dia::i7iED cjLJBiLjrioK of pR:JoiD:nr:T 

Gift of Bohenion-cjierica, One Lillion 

Gzechoslova}: iCronen, Jent to the iresident of the 

CzecliOGloviJ:: Republic, 
for the .JLlevi::.tion of I.asery in Czechoslovalzia 




to ??.r.n 







oeveiity years a^o yesterday Thomas 0. I.lasaryk, v/as lorn in Hodonin, roravia. 
Tliere are still fresh iiieniories in the mind of each one of us, of many events 
of the past stoir.y epoch, and it is unnecessary to explain to any of us, all 
that I.'asaryk v/as, is, and v/ill be for a lon^j ti^ie to come, to our nation. 
The whole life of our beloved President Lasarj'-I: is nothing else but a crystal- 
clear, sv;ift stream, from v/hich everyone v;ho has come in close contact v;ith it, 
has obtained a refreshing, delicious, r„nd healthy drinl:. But this stream 
finally became a terrific torrent, v;hich by its enormous force, soon swept 
av/ay the cause of our ijaicient subjection. Principally he is G^ven credit for 



•V 



III H - 2 - B0H5IiIL4N 

III B 2 

II D 10 Denni Hlasatel, Mar* 8, 1920, 

I G 

I C the fact that today our nation is free. Perhaps this nation 

IT is first experiencing the most dangerous period of stormy /[^ .^^ 

I C (Slovak) fermentation; a period of imnature unfettered youth, v;hich ' V iB,\ ol 

even if it wanted to, could not hold its passion in check* ^ \"»''^ a^ 
But today it is well kno^vn to the whole world that this nation is as genuine ^^^ 
as old gold* 

Everyone of us knov;s and reiTiembers very well, all the achievements of 
President Masaryk for the cause of his nation and homeland* But just as he, 
who standing at the foot of a high tower, is not able to see the top of it, 
regardless of how hard he tries, just as he, who standing at the foot of a 
sky-reaching mountain, cannot fully ccxnprehend all of its magnificent splendor 
and majesty, so it is for all us contemporaries of President Masaryk— -the 
proper perspective is missing. This is an inevitable condition, for the proper 
measurement of that enormous height, with which President Masaryk overtops his 
whole surroundings, like an ancient, luxurious pine tree overtops the forest 
undergroT/th* To appreciate fully his significance, is only possible from a 



Ill H - 3 - bohh:ml4N 

III B 2 -*---v 

II D 10 Dennl Hlasatel . Mar. S, 1920. /V" A 

I G r-^ ^*:^^ o| 

I C distance, after many years have passed, when everything is ^j 

17 properly adjusted, crystallized, '«hen truth, like the wind ' ^ --^ 

I C (Slovak) scatters the confusing fog rising from unclean swamps, carries 

away all gossip, suspicion, jealousy, and other like .hings 
full of a mixture of personal dislike; when truth c(aiies to the surface of 
history like pure gold in a smelter^ But today this much can be i:':iid that 
the great majority of the Czechoslovak people look tov/ard their leader, 
toward their first President of this new-born republic, toward their Father 
Masaryk with fervent love, highest esteem, and deepest respect • 

Proof of this was yesterday's enthusiastic celebration of his seventieth 
birthday, held in Sokol Chicago Hall, by our foremost national organizations. 
Despite the fact that the celebration was arranged at the last moment an:^ was 
not advertised much, it was attended by so many people that the spacious h-^ll 
was filled to capacity. The piety and enthusiasm of the people during the . 
course of the celebration, especially were evidence of this. 




III H - 4 - BQH5IIL4N 
III. B 2 

II D 10 Dennf Hlasatel, Mar. 8, 1920. 

I G 

I C Mr. Paskovsky, secretary of the District Committee of the 

IV Czechoslovak National /dliance, opened the celebration v;ith 
I C (Slovak) a short prologue and introduced the first speaker, Mr. John 

Matlocha, secretary of the District Committee of the Slovak 
League* 

Mr. John Matlocha first mentioned that twenty or more years ago, students of 
Thomas G. Masaryk, as for instance, orobar, Hodza, and others, met together, 
dreamed and planned schemes for the liberation of Slovakia, in v/hich after a 
long time they finally succeeded • He related further about the love and 

fondness Masaryk enjoys among brother Slovaks, who proclaim him a Slovak, 
just as Czechs proclaim him a Czech, but he said that Masaryk is ours. Tlien 
he read a brief biography of Masaryk, leaving it to the following speaker 
to bring out Masaryk* s activities. 

After this speech, the Bohemian Central Singing Society sang Bedfich 

Smetana's sublime 'Teno** (The Dedication), v;hich, by its faultless presentation. 



Ill n - 5 - Bcim.j- 

III B 2 

II D 10 Denni Hlasatel. Liar. 8, 1020. 









I G 

I G so pleased tho audience that the singers v;ere coiiipelled to /-"un/^^ 

T'T Cive an encore. 

I C (Sloveic) 

The next spealcer v;as Professor Jaroslav J. Zrarhal, v;ho began 
his speech v/ith a citation of :iir ..alter :Jcott*s poer.i: "Breathes there a 
i!ian, with soul so dead, '/ho never to hir.self hath said, This is ny o:mi, 
my native land — ?" Tliis poera, as it is >nov/n, deals ;;ith a ran in v/hose nind 
all sentiment tov/ard his native land had died. Basin£^ his speech on the 
v7ordin2 of this poeii, the spearzer told hoiv hard it is for a man, in this 
enormously complicated 3truc£:le for existence, to preserve at least a bit 
of idealism. V;oe to that nation, v;here this sacred spark has died. Tlie 
speaker then cited Jtovenson, v.ho h ..s said that everyone of us is mc.de out 
of tv;o different substances; in every one of us there are tv/o creatures: 
ani'ial and man. "Tiie animal lives ia us as an animal, and only the man in 
us '.ones for something better, and hipher. lian begins only v:here the struggle 
for c::istence ends. Therefore, it is absolutely necessary for everyone of 
us oo hold fast to people v;ho excel their surroundinp^s, in order to preserve 



Ill H - 6 - BQHSLIIAN 

III B 2 

II D 10 Dennf Hlasatel , Mar. 8, 1920. 

I G 
I C our idealism and not perish morally. This then is the main 

IV reason v/hy today's observance of li^Iasaryk's birthday is held» 
I C (Slovak) 

**Today, Masaryk is still the old promontory upon which is des- 
troyed the fruitless malice of all our enemies, be it internal or external. 
A great, ill-fated error was made by that man, who, after the Armistice was 
signed, was the first one to say: *0n this day, end the political actions 
of Bohemian-.Hmerical "^ According to the speaker, today Hasaryk is passing 
through a more strenuous period than at the time of the war. 

Professor Zmrhal then read the resolution adopted by the Czechoslovak National 
Alliance on November 15 and 16, 1919, in which we solemnly promised Masaryk 
that we would not let up, but that we would persevere until the end. Then 
he asked if we actually kept this solemn promise. He said he was glad that 
at least it was possible for him to announce that yesterday the sum of one 
million Czechoslovak Kronen had been sent to President Masaryk, although, 
according to the present low valuation of Czechoslovak currency, the sum is 







III H - 7 - BOHSI^IIaH 

III B 2 

II D 10 Dennf Hlasatel , Liar* 8, 1920. 

I Gr 

I C not enormous. ^This is the only thing we have done toward /f^ 
Tf the fulfillment of our solemn promises. Let us begin this (lY '^o 

1 C (Slovak) celebration of Llasaryk^G birthday with deeds. Conditions in' d ''•'•'^ a^ 

our republic are improving, but a heavy cloud, which is the xc/ ^/ 
enormous and feverishly executed propaganda of the Hungarians, appears 

upon the horizon of our young republic. They have already enforced a 
plebiscite in the Geriian part of Hungary and, today, it is possible that 
the Treaty of Versailles v/ill be modified to such an extent that the 
possibilities of a plebiscite in Slovakia will not be excluded. The 
obstinacy of the Hungarian agitation is knovna, and it is unnecessary to 
say v/hat the results might be. j'hose fault v;ould it be, but ours? The 
liberation of Slovakia from the K^ingarian yoke v;as costly; many lives were 
lost. Should all this be in vain; Just as our people died for our coun- 
try during the v/ar, now v;e must strenuously live for our country. 

First then, it is our obligation to Masarj'-k to preserve one of our fore- 
most institutions, the Czechoslovak National .U.liance. This Alliance has 



Ill H - 8 - EObEMIATT 

III B 2 __ 

II D 10 Deiml Hlasatel . Mar. 8, 1S20. jf^\ '^\\^ 

I C made many enemies in the past, and nov/ has many enemies only V^i/ ;*^ ' 

IV because of its imexTjected success.^ The speaker admitted that ^>^'^ / 
I C (Slovak) even this body has made certain mistakes, but one of its i 

greatest mistakes was that it tolerated in silence all the 
detractions and abuses, and did not immediately cause the arrest of the 
first person v;ho said that robbery v;as goin^: on within it and did not com- 
pel him to prove the charge. **0f course, other mistakes v.ere made, for 
nothing in the v/orld is faultless. Ever^'^cne, especially those v/ho are not 
able to accomplish anything them.selves, claim the right to criticize." The 
speaker then briefly mentioned the tasks which President Masar^^k has al- 
ready accomplished, in spite of the most unfavorable circumstances in Czecho- 
slovakia, and he said that, first of all, it will be necessary to educate the 
people of Czechoslovakia in patriotism, which, of course, vail take some time. 
"V.Tiat a large nation we are already is evident to everyone, since v/e were 
able to resist the avalanche of enemies, coming from all sides, and to defend 
our hard v/on liberty''." In conclusion, the speaker appealed to all Czech 
people in viiiom, thus far, all sentiment for the native land and manlzind has 



Ill H - 9 - BGHSML^N 

III B 2 

II D 10 Dennl Hlasatel , Mar* 8, 1920. ^•^' '^P^ o 




I C not died, to prove their love and respect for Llasaryk, not 
IV only by words but by deeds. He also said that we should con- 
I (Slovak) tinue in the struggle to defend that v;hich we have gained. 

The speaker ended his speech with the enthusiastic exclama- 
tion: "Hus's and Llasaryk* s nation and people, our nation and people I ♦* 

Secretary Paskovsky then read a resolution, to be sent to President 
Masaryk, which was unanimously accepted and the celebration was ended 
with the singing of our national anthems, "Kde domov muj?'* (Where Is lly 
Home) and ♦niej Slovane*' (Ho J Slavs). 

The resolution reads as follows: ^^Czechoslovak people, assembled on 
llarch 7, 1920, on the significant day of your birth, in a public mass 
meeting arranged by our national organizations: the Czechoslovak National 
Alliance, the District Committee of the Slovak League, the National ^Uliance 
of Bohemian Catholics, the Central Sokol Circuit, the Czechoslovak Legion- 
naires, and the Bohemian i\rt Club hereby take the liberty to express their 






y^ 



III H - 10 - BQl-iZ; TO-I 
^11 B 2 

II D 10 Deimf Illasatcl , :.:jr. 8, 19^0. 5^ ^•i'-^. a| 

I G '^^/ V 

I c sentir.ent of love cjid respect tov/ard you, as one of the ^reat- 

IV est sons of our nation, our leader in tho victorious revolu- 
I G (olovalc) tion, v;hich brourjlit to our heavily burdened nation lonj; desired 

freedom, ..o offer our i:iost sincere good uishes. ..e also :nost 
heartily v;ish, for ourselves and for our nation, thrt v/e nay be able to sand 
you our z^o^ v;ishes for many years to come, so th:it, as Ion-;; as possible, 
our nation r.ay enjoy the fruit o of your distinf;.uished v.ork, blessed by a 
most genuine love for it." '•/irrani_-e!.'ients Coiiuittee — The District Goi.i:..ittee 
of the Czechoslovalc national .LLliance: I. j\ .Zubec, president; ij^arel Kouba, 
secretary''. Tlie District CorL^iittee of the Jlovak League: Franl: Gulhart, 
president; Jan. I.^atlocha, secretary. Tlie District Comi^iittee of the National 
idlianco of Bohemian Catholics: Jan otraka, president; S. Jedlicka, secre- 
tary. The Central Jolcol Circuit: Dr. .Jitonin ..ueller, president; Joseph 
Brychta, secretaiy. The Czechoslovalc Legionnaires: Ludvlk Kaderica, presi- 
dent; Jan Vosatka, secretary. The Bohemian .irt Club: i^rank Korlivy, presi- 
dent; Jan L;rizek, secretary. 



Ill !T 






y ▼ 



Demii la-.s-Atol, M-r. G, 19::C. 



Fo:^ . ci-coD :.r 3:: 



For the r,l±t of honor which v;ill be .Iven to Proxoscor Thoirns G-. :''<.G--.ryk 
cn his sevontioth birthday, t-he follavinc contributions v;oro nade: "Plie 
national Jaus:i::::e Gonpony, 2oo4 Blue Island ..vonue, io; I.r. Bodrieh 
olclenka, )b; the Lodp:e Vesele Br:.trstvi of ti^e Czeclio-.A vonic Unity, >5; 
Froni: 5t istny, .>£«50; xCarel hulha, -2; Jan Kovafil:, ;2\ JTanic 1-adour, 
Total, .,o3.!3b 







Ill H bcjIL-i.:i 

' Today ..e are ending tiie colieciiion for the cift v;hich v;ill be oont to 
President Taonas G# Ilasarylc on his sevoiitieth birthday. Up to yesterd- y, 
the following: contributions '.:ore depo3itod in our office: j^he n:a:.ies and 
addresses of snail contributors ire c^iven^jT" Total, ,^9. 



o 



Ill H BQIEI.:i;JT 

II D 10 

II D 4 Derxiii Hlasatel , Feb. 139, 1920. 

II D 5 

FOR ;. GOOD C;JJ3E 

For the Alice Llasaryk Fund and for the orphans of Czechosloval<:ia the follow- 
ing contributions v;ere deposited in our office: _y^he naries and addresses of 
contributors are listedj;/ Total, v5.75. 

For the Professor Tlioir.as G. I.Iasar:,^!: Fund: follow the names of contributorsT" 
Total .:;6»50. 

For the Bohemian Old People •s llome and Orphana£;:e : /The contributors' names 
are listed^ Tot-^1, '5 .00. 




T TT '* -r-T-.v T TT 

A. A. JL. -i -. ' wxA— ;A.-_L^i-v 

_ 

renni Hlasc.tel , Jeb. 24, 19 no. 

Professor Jaroslav J", 3:,:rhal, princiTial of ilerzl GraTwiar :chool, has 
returned fron '..ashin.::ton D, C, v.here l^.e v.as apoointeo delegate of the 
ivational 'Educational -association to the Ozechoslovak Republic. lie is 
nov; preparing: an exhibition, v;hich he intends to take v;ith hir. to ^ra-jue, 
Czechoslovakia, v.'here he xvill act as an assistant superintendent of educa- 
tion, ihis ej±Libition i.lll consist of schoolv;ork of :"iany pupils of the 
lower grades, in vhicapo and other cities. j.'rvcfe3sor Jaroslav J. Ziia-'hal 
intends to transfer this entire exliibition to his nev; offices in ^rrac^e, 
Jzechoslovakia, v;hich he v/ill have at his diuDOsal aurin?- the ti. le he is 
reorcanizin^: the schools of Czechoslovakia. He v:ill depart frorn the united 
States durin:: the last v;eek of ••^rch and vdll be acco:npaniec by jr. i^ach, 
v/ho acceptea the Chair of Dentistry at the university of Bratislava, 
Czechoslovakia. 




Ill H 



BOESliLJi! 



II D 10 ^., 

Denn£ Elasatel. Feb. 15, 1920, Z: n 



FOR A GOOD CAUSE \f^ 









For the Alice Masaryk Fund and for the orphans in the Gzechoslov^ 

Republic, the following contributions were left in our office: ^ list of 

contributors* names is given^/ Total, $16#25* For the gift of honor 

to Professor Thomas G. liasaryk, the following contributions were left 

in our office: /The names of small contributors are listed^ Total, ^23.00» 



<b 



) 



y 



Ill H. , 

III 3 2 






11 ij 10 Je:.nl ;Il-:n;Atjl , I'eb. 11, 11/20. /o^ -X 



jv f 15 O J 



CVIFT 0? HONOR TC rRilJIDZiCT L.^SjiRYlC 



• r-j ...... , 






V. 



Tlie sit'piiricant day of L.arcli 7 is near; Vihen the Czeclioslova-:s in our old 
country and in all parts of the v/orl-i 7;ill celebrate the seventieth birth- 
day of the first irosident of the Czechoslovalc .republic: rhouas G-. 
Ilasaryl: one of those fev; nen to v/hon Lhe Czechoslovak nation v/ill be in- 
debted for v;hat they have done for the liberation of the Jzechoslovaic nation 
durinc the s^-jao ..orld ..ar. The Czechoslovaks in the United ..states v;ill 
also ^037^ tlieir tr-bute ani r'3Cc::nition to t:iio r^reat :>on of our nation and 

therefore a collection ;;as started, for the cift of honor '.;hich v;ill be 
C.iven to hip. at his birthday celebration, to be used b^'^ him for charitable 
purposes vrherever it is mo.st needed. * It is a kno"...rx fact that nost of those 
who v;or.':ed and financially sup_.orted our stru^cl^^ ^^^ liberation are ex- 
hausted, but by ::eepin;j our v;ord of honor ;;e shall endure to the end, and 
v;e shall not yield until the situation in our old country v;ill be such, 
that they v;ill not have to depend on our help anyir.ore, Tlie Czechoslovaks 



y 



Ill i: - 2 - 

III B 2 

II D 10 Deiini :il-i3^:t..l, 7eb. 11, 192a. 



5glj..:lj: 






\^' 



.r.?.A '- 



*k_ 



in the Unit 3d o^bates, :;ho :;up2:^orted so freely the C'^use of the liberation \ '/ 
of their old couiitr^r, v;ill not fell nov; v.^ien it /rione^/ io needed the jrio.st, 
in order to aid the poor cind jufferin.^ children. J.1 the collections and 
c. ntri but ions Jhonld be 3ent to the district coLiiiittees of the Ozechoslovalc 
National .'JLliance or directly to the headquarters, v;hich vrili present the 
total collected ai.iount as u r'ift o'£ honor to Professor Tlior.ias 0. lJisar:/k 
en his seventieth birthday celebration. 

?or the G2:echoslov'Juc National -J.liance, 

Jir;ned: "Jr. J", r. recival, president. 

Joseph rashovshy, secretary. 



< I 



Ill H ., BOIgI.'ILJI 

II D 10 

Denn£ Elasatel. Feb. 10, 1920, 

FOR .^ GOOD CAU33 

For the Dr. Alice Llasaryk fund and for the Czechoslovak orphans: jThQ 
names of contributors are listed^ Total, ^.05. For the President 
Thomas G. llasaryk fund: ^iiQ names of contributors are listedjj'" Total, 
$7.00, 




Ill H BCinii'Lj: 

II .. 2 

The directoro of the Pilsen Brewery .-.Soociation donated the sura of two 
hundred dollars for a [;iit of honor to Professor Thoraas G-. luas .r^/'k. This 
Bohemian enterprise, v;hich durin,-^ the Vjorld V;ar liberally contributed to 
the cauje of Czech liberation, is tne first one arain to brinr; its con- 
tribution for a Gii^'t of honor to Professor Thor!i:-i3 G-, Las-irylc, and by doing 
so, sets cin e::anple for the rest of our enterprises and institutions* 

Lir* jlrvin 3, '..'oil, 331]1 ViOst 26th Jtreet, contributed for the sa-.e cause 
the sTJia of one thousa^.d Gzechoslov-./zian krunon. 




Ill H 30^":; I 

Denni !-:i-ii3atol, Seh^ *j, 1920, 

The Builders Brick Gonpaiiy, a ;jell-laiovni Boheriiuji enterprise, in its 
annual meeting resolved to donate for the c^iu:ie of Dr, -J.ic9 i-Hsar^/k 
i!\md the sum of t'.;enty-five dollars and ^.uiother siu:: of t:;ent;--five dol- 
lars for crippled children in the school of Professor Bakulo* ^Firot 
t;;o naiies not flven; Bakuie Jchool for Jrip. led Children is locutju in 
the city of Prague, Gzechoslova.kiaj^ Tliis ,[*eiierous deed surely is 
worthy of recor.nition by our Czech-slavonic r;ullic« 



/ 1 ' 






A 




i: 

« 


• 




'^y^ 









Ill H BOIISIL-^ 

II D 10 

III B 2 Denni Hlasatel> Feb. 8, 1920. 

i;XPR£;33I0K OF GR^^TTUUIB 

/Tiie follov:inG letter v/as sent to the Bohemian ladies society called Vcelky 
(Bees), by Dr. .-dice Llasaryk^, president of the Czechoslovak lied Cross, as 
an expression of {^ratitudOj^ 

Prom the office of the president of the Czechoslovak Red Cross in Prague. 

^Prac^e 
Kovamber 23, 1919. 

"Dear disters: w'e aro deeply affected by your tireless and generous vjork, 
and especially are we pleased that you are sending your pleasing and costly 
gifts, on this long journey. 

'^In this, v/e see your love for us, and surely, everybody v/ho receives your 
gifts feels it, and will never forget your help and beautiful exaraple. 







III H 

II D 10 

III B 2 Dennf Hlasatel > Feb, 3, 1920, 



30IE::ii\N 



♦TTou do not knov/ hov; joyfully we vielcone v/arpi clothes and shoes for our 
children, for nov; the v/inter season is around and the children are freezing; 
still our supply is not suff^'^.ient to serve everybody. V/e v;ould so gladly 
like to keep them comfortablo. 

hearty thanks and best regards to all of your association, and to each 
dear Vcelce (Bee) individually. 

(Siioied) Dr. .Uice LLasaryk 

^^Frosident of the Czechoslovak Red Cross." 






\ - \H/ -^^ ^; 




Ill K 
II D 10 



-:■( it 






jro::i th3 Czecl.oslovalc Inforriation B^areau 

The co::]iTiitt9o consiotinj^ of I-Pg. Libuso J* Ilot-'Ic -ir^cl Lr. 7. 3. Tur.vi, ^irst 
tr;o n'j)jne3 not Iven in fullj^, secrotui^/ o:? tlio District Co:r.iitte3, looked 
over the account bool:s o£ l.r. To:..aG !5:ipo-:, tTz.^su'j^or of tlie Dr# J.ice 
IIa3ar3^1: Jiind, unci found that up to today rocoipts of the tro.-.surar totaled 
' ,;45,426.78» .11 of this ::oney vjas ^eat- to the cieric-ji .belief .d:=iiniGtra- 
tion for ^'-^ ^iur, o::e of buying proYisions for the uiivleraouriGhed children 
of Gz'-jCa.wS^vj/akia. The account bcoks v;ere found to be in ^ood order .ind 
\/ere appr^ /"od. Tiie other unpublijhed contributions for the Dr. -.lice 
Lasaryk .\ind are: Jji lijt of contributors* na::os is TiveiO./ Tot:i], ;7o4«20 



u« 









Ill E 

III B 2 

I G Denni laasatel , Oct. 23, 1910. 

TO PR!:3IDZ>]T 7.T:L30II 



BCHEMIAIT 



5 

X 



The Czech National Alliance, through its president, Dr. Ludv/ig J. Fisher, 

sent a telegram to President Wilson, in v/hich the gratitude of our people -^ 

is expressed for the President's proclaLiation to the effect that Austria- P 

Hungary must be dismembered and its individual nations made independent. -^ 

The telegram assures the President that no v;ords can express our people's S 

gratitude, which is boundless. It further says that t:.e President, by ^ 

freeing: the Slcv nations, lit the torch of freedom, the light from which S 

will shine over the lands liberated after five centuries of servitude. ^ 

The history of Czech and Slovak lands is outlined and particular mention made 
of Jan Amos Koriensky ^omenius/the great Czech educator* 

"The gratitude of the Czechoslovak :oeople is felt also for the liberty given 
to our brothers, the Poles, and Yugoslavs, and to our oppressed neighbors, the 



} 



Ill H • 2 - B0K3MIAN 
III B 2 

I C Denni Elasatel , Oct. 23, 1918. 

IV 

Roimanians and Italians." 

The telegraT. closes v/ith a pledce of eternal loyalty to America and her sub- ^ 
lime principles* 3 






Ill H BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

II D 10 Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 22, 1918* 

I G 

FOR A CZECH DAY IN AMERICA 

The Chicago Daily Tribune has not, until recently, paid the attention to 
Czechoslovak affairs that they truly deserve; the attention given to them by 
other local newspapers, and indeed by some of the foremost publications in the 
United States. Yesterday, however, the Tribune printed an editorial entitled, 
••A Bohemian Day,^ which takes a very sympathetic attitude to our cause: 

''The Tribune suggests that a day be designated on which greetings may be ex- 
tended to the new Czechoslovak sister republic. No people deserve full inde- 
pendence more than the Czechoslovaks. Their heroism and devotedness to liberty, 
as V7ell as their high level of intelligence, are a guarantee for their future 
progress •** 

This simple and terse article is a manifestation of admiration, coming from the 
most exclusive strata of the American people, for the undaunted, heroic Czecho- 
slovak nation. It must have made the heart of every sincere Czechoslovak throb 



*-j> 









Ill H - 2 - BOHa?^L^ 

III B 2 

II D 10 Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 22, 1913. 

I G 

with joy, and awaken the wish that the Tribune* s suggestion become a 
reality in the near future* '.Ve do not doubt for one moment that this wish 
will come true. 

'^e should like, at the same time, to call the attention of readers of the 
Denni Hlasatel to the rapid aTrproach of a day of high significance for us. 
This will be the day of the /Czech/ National Tax levy, as designated by the 
Czech National Alliance and the National Alliance of Czech Catholics in America, 
our two foremost national organizations. It will be held Thanksgiving Day, 
November 28, 1918. 



CZ' 



On that day, authorized representatives of the two organizations will call on 

every Czech and Slovak in the United States and Canada. They will appeal to j^ 

your Czech national sentiment, to your heart, to your devotedness to the cause 

of liberty, and to your willingness to sacrifice. Receive them, therefore, 

as they truly deserve. They come in the name of our suffering nation, and 






Ill H - 3 - BOHEMIAN 



III B 2 

II D 10 Denni Hlasatel , Oct, 2S, 1918. 

I G 

of its better future. The first beams are now penetrating the hori- 
zon, which till now has been obscured. 

Let there be not one Czech who xvould so forF;et himself and his nation as to 
refuse to help I That would mean undying shame for his name. The rich people 
should contribute in proportion to their resources. Those in poorer circum- 
stances should contribute at least ere dollar to the National Tax. There are 
one million Czechs in the United States and Canada. They should donate one 
million dollars to their motherland which is now celebrating its rebirth and 
its glorious victory, which guarantee a better and happier future. Our 
people are engaged in a terrible struggle against terrorism and starvation. 
Our boys on the Russian front died, and are dying, for the liberty of their 
homeland© Our blood ;vas shed on the battlefields of the Italian front, and 
our Czechoslovak Army in France is ready to shed its blood for liberty. 7/e 
also have duties to fulfill. We have to accomplish something here that will 
be helpful to the ultimate liberation of our beloved homeland. 



Ill H - 4 - BQKSMIAN 

III B 2 

II D 10 Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 22, 1918* 

I G 

Although liberty for the Czech nation is guaremteed, it has not yet 
become a fact. More sacrifices are needed, and our people must not weaken 
while making them. Money is needed constantly, and more may yet be needed, 
particularly for the fund for our political activities. That money, which 
was issued to Professor T. G. Masaryk by the United States Government, was not 
destined for our political fund, but for the Czechoslovak Army. 



More money was later issued to Professor Masaryk by the American Government, 
making in all the sum of $8,000,000 for the Czechoslovak Army. The sum of ;" 
$5,000,000 was placed at his disposal as leader of our people, and is to be r 
used for foreign business. War materials and other supplies are being purchased 3 
with the money issued for the Czechoslovak Army. 






u 

\.__ 



It is our duty to contribute to this fund which is so important to us—the 
fund for political propaganda. It is for this fund that the National Tax y;ill 
be levied on the Czechoslovak people in America. 



CO 



Ill H - 5 - 30H2MIAN 

III B 2 

II D 10 Dennl Hlasatel, Oct. 22, 1918* 

I G 

How to increase this fund has often been the subject of our speculation. 
This inspiration came from Eastern publications, i.e., from a proclamation by 
0. B. V/ilson, mayor of Bridgeport, Connecticut. He depicted the sufferings 
of the Czechoslovak people \inder the tyranny of the Central powers, which 
lasted for centuries. He pointed out that the Czechoslovaks play an important 
part in the World War, and that one of the results of this struggle will be 
the liberation of that nation. He designated the week of September 16 to 21 as 
the week for a collection, the proceeds of vhich went to help the Czechoslovak 
cause* The quota set for this drive was $50,000# It was oversubscribed by 
fl0,000. What the people of Bridgeport can do should be easily accomplished 
by the people of Chicago* A tag day could be held. The permit would be given 
by the State Council of Defense. The suggestion should be made by the city 
council. It should not come from Czechoslovak aldermen* The latter should do 
the preparatory work. American ladies who have acquaintance with the Council 
of Defense and the American Protective League might be requested to conduct 
the tag day activity. The collect •". on would be handed to Professor Masaryk as 
a gift of American Chicago to the Just and great cause of the Czechoslovaks. 



Ill H - 6 - BCHIilMlAN 

III B 2 

II D 10 Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 22, 1918. 

I G 

This tag day might be extended to include all the states of the Union. 









III H 

IV Dennl Hlasatel . Oct. 20, 1918. 

OUR SOIDIERS ASK FOR 'IHEATRICAL LITERATURE 



BOHEMIAN 






Mr. Jindrich (Henry) Weidner, theatrical director, and one of the pioneer 
Czech actors in Chicago, received a letter from Mr. Anton Snopka, his 
colleague and former member of the Vinohrady (suburb of Prague, Bohemia) 
theater, in which he was notified that our boys in the Czechoslovak Army 
in France, in which Mr. Snopka is enlisted, are very much in need of 
books and sheets from which theatrical scenes, couplets, etc., can be ar- 
ranged. Mr. V/eidner is requesting our organizations, and individuals, ^^ 
to help him provide such literature. His address is J. V/eidner, 2865 
V;est 22nd Street, Chicago* ^^he soldier^s letter follows**..^ 



r— 



I 



c 



(.- 



Ill K BOHSIJivIT 

III B 2 

I G Deimi Illasatel , Get, 20, 1918. 

DECOILVTE YCJJR liOUSIS 

All Czechoslovak Ai. erica is fil3ed v;ith deep emotion and joy, over the 

nemorable events of yesterday and today. Telegrair.s heralded tJie glad 

tidings that the Czechoslovak people has proclaimed its independence, 

in a docuiaent issued by t;ie provisional governjnent of the Czechoslovak 

Republic, and has stated tue principles upon v;hich it v;as built. ;/e 

are publishing the news of this ii-ost significant act in our history, f-.^ 

which v;as indorsed by rresic'ent '»/ilson. ^; 

In answering Austi^o-IIungarian peace proposals, the President declared 
that he cannot accept the mere granting of autonoi^T- for the Czechoslovak 
people under a.ustrian rule. Tlie President declared that he does not con- 
sider it vjithin his province to decide on this point, a^.d that it is left 
to the Czechoslovak people to decide for thenselves what steps should be 
taken in tiiis Liatter. It is up to t:ie ^^ustro -Hungarian Govern-uent to 
see hov; it v;ill be able to satisfy the ri.^hts and aspircitions of the 



0-- 



Ill H - 2 - BQiaJLilT 

III B 2 

I G Demil Illasatel , Oct. 20, 1918. 

CzechoGlovah people, according to its conceptions as a future ir.aMber of 
the fariily of free nations. 

This solenn declaration by rresident V/ilson is one of the nost signifi- 
cant points in our figlit for independence. Juch f^Jorious events riust 
be celebrated in a befittir.c laannor. 



their houses v;ith red and v;hite, our national colors. 

Decorate, and r.anifest your joy over t.-e bii-'.h of tne Jzechoslovak Re- 
public, a:.d t e i-resident's so] er.Ji declai^tion! 



c: 



f . ... 

The Czech i:ational Alliance requests ever"/ Jzech and Slovak to decorate !>' 



0-; 



Ill H BOHEailAN 

III B 3 a 

III A Denni Hlasatel , Octt 13> 1918 • 

17 

TO THE CZECH PEOPLE IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA 

National Tax on Thanksgiving Day 

The Bohamian National Alliance and the National Alliance of Czech Catholics 
in America are calling on our people to make next Thanksgiving Day an 
occasion for the payment of a national tax, which will be collected under 
the name of "thanksgiving Day National Tax of the Czech People in the 
United States and Canada^* We sincerely hope that there is not a Czech 
man^ nor a Czech woman^ in these countries who would hesitate to give a 
contribution for the cause of liberation of the Czech people* 

Members of the Bohemian National Alliance are going to call at your homes 
and tarms in all Czech settlements on Thanksgiving Day* They will not 
forget to call on every one of you. They will appeal to your heart, to your 
Czech national sentiment, to your devotion to the cause of liberty for the 
old motherland, and to your willingness to sacrifice* Receiv:^ then like you 
would receive good people— they will come to you in the name of our suffering 






in H - 2 - BoaatiAH 

III B 3 a 

III A D«mi HIasatelt Oot» IS^ 1918. 

IV 

people who wish a better future! 

Let there be no Cxeoh men or women in this country who could so forget them« 
selTes, and their nation, that they refuse to aid* 

Such behaTior would oorer them with ererlasting shame. Therefore, those 
Mho are prosperous should giTe in accordance with their resources* Those 
not so prosperous should contribute one dollar for national tax on that 
day. 

One million Czechs in the Ibiited States and Canada should contribute one 
million dollars for their motherland! 

Our people in the motherland are fighting a terrible battle against 
starvation and Tiolenoe. Our bpys on the Russian front are fighting and 
dying for the liberty of their natire land* Precious Czech blood was shed 
on the Italian front for the fatherland. An azmy of our warriors stand 
in nuance ready to die for liberty. 






I 






(.?' 



Ill H - 3 - 

III B 3 a 

III A Dmnl Hlasatel, Oct. 13, 1918. 

17 

What are you going to do, brothers and sisters? 

Our banner has, for four years » been tossed about in a storm of raisgiTings, 
and hopes as well. The declarations by the Gk)Temments of France , Great 
Britain, Italy, and our new homeland, the United States, have lifted our 
own nation to the lerel of other free nations* After centuries of 
humiliation and shame, the red and white banner is waving among those of 
the free nations* Our day has come, and our nation, tortured for ages, 
is awakening from a stupor: the sun of liberty glories orer our motherland. 

It is our duty to see that this sun does not set again* It is our duty to 
consolidate our Tictory on the day of peaoe, so that we may ceurry our 
banner to the city of Prague and plant it on the soil of liberated 
Czechoslovakia* 

Keep this in mind: We must not cease to fight I 

Thousands hare been helping for this day—thousands hare not yet done their 












Ill H - 4 - BOHSIilAN 

III B 3 a 

III A Dmnl Hlasatal. Oot. 13^ 1918. 

17 

duty* Up to noir we hare only reoelred the aid of those who gare it 
with lore and derotlon* But the time for sublime and sacred obligations 
for ereryone has come* This is why we shall come to you^ to the homes of 
all Czech people in the Uiited States. 

Prepare for that glorious dajs and be prepared* The day of the national 
tax is a day of Czech sentiment* This will be a national holiday for the 
Czech people in America* Our committees will giTe you emblems which are 
the insignia of your Czech sentiment* Be proud of that symbol and keep 
it, not only by wordi> but by doing your duty* 

The entire proceeds will be deliTered to the Czechoslovak National Council, 
which is the proTisional government of the future Czechoslovak state* 
Brothers and sisters, do your utmost, so that the proceeds on that day 
do honor to the Czechoslovak branch in America* 









CO 

cr 



We want to know all of our fellow countrymen here— We want to know how many 



Ill H . S • BOHEHilAN 

III B 3 a 

III A Danni HJaeatel . Oot. 13^ 1918« 

17 

thara ara, wa want to count thosa nho ara faithful* Wa want to know 

tha ona who batrayad tha land of his forabaara, and does not haad its an* 
traatiaa: **Childt Oiva aid to Thy nativa land!** 

On Thanksgiying Day of tha yaar 1918, Czach Amarioa ia going to opanly 
proolaim its lova, and trust in tha happier futura of its motharland* 
**HiiJ Slorana** (Ho, ya Slara), our old antham, should ba heard all orar our 
sattlamanta in America. All of us should rally around tha banner upon 
which is written, **The depth of the earth will open, and swallow him n^o 
quit8~a traitor !•• 

No, indeed, no one of us is going to desert* Czech America will faithfully 
fulfill its predestined mission, so that on that day it can be said that 
the day of the national layy was a day of honor for the Czech people in 
America* 

Gzachst Men and woment Do your duty. Your honor and the liberty of 






O 






Ill H - 8 - BOHBMIAH 

III B S a 

III A Dennl HIasatal . Oot« IS, 1918. 

17 

yoiir nation are at stake! Do not glTe, but saorifioe upon your 

motherland's altart 

The Committee for the National Tax: 
?or the Czeoh Rationed Alllanoe: 
Dr« J« F« PeolYaly 7r« Layer , Azma Stolfa, 
J. Cemyp f • EUbeo, Vojta Benee — For the 
National Alliance of Czech Catholics: 
RoTerend 7« W« Jedllcka, Jan Straka^ 
Uary Norotny, K« Radous^ J. !• NoTotny, 
and J. !• Rada» 



CO 



EOHS!:iAl^^ 



% 



III H 

I G 

Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 12, 1918, 

ABOUT CZi:.GH0SL07AKS 

One of the most widely circulated American weeklies is the Saturday Evening 

Post , founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1728« In this week's issue 2 

there is an article on the Czechoslovaks which is one of the best and most ' ii. 

sympathetic ever written about us in America* '. p 

Charles Downer Hazen, the author, describes with rare understanding our century- 5 
old struggle for liberty. He emphasizes it with the obvious intention of making J^ 
the American reader acquainted with our past history. ;5 

He dwells upon the years of oppression which we have had to endure, and partic- 
ularly—and this is rarely found in the American press— passes judgment on the 
current misconception of what is called the chivalry of the Magyar nation, 
which outdid even Austria, whenever it came to oppressing the Slav nations. 



I 
I 



III H - 2 - BOHEMI.^JT 

I G 

Dennl Hlasatel , Oct* 12, 1918# 

Mr* Hazen, in the introduction to his article, asks: •'Who are the Czecho- 
slovaks? The entire world is speaking of their glory, and yet, it is safe to 
contend that the majority of those interested in them, and praising their deeds, 
hardly know how to pronounce their name, or know any parti ctilars about them* 
This in spite of the fact that Czechoslovaks live in the heart of Europe and 
can boast of a thousand years' history, which appears sometimes in a brilliant 
light, at other times, tragic— a people independent in the Middle Ages, then 
groaned for years under Austrian rule, and today is seeking liberty and the 
establishment of an independent state of its own among ot^er free nations-- 
a people whose inestimable services, rendered to the Allies, are sufficient proof 
of their ability to direct its own destinies* 

•♦The Czechoslovaks have been for four hundred years under the rule of the Haps- 
burgs, who are now trying to break their spirit because of their search for free- 
dom* These aspirations will be a reality when the Allies win* An independent 
Czechosloveik state should be an issue of the l/Yorld VJar"***** 



Ill H - 3 - BOOaEMIAN 

I G 

Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 12, 1918* 

In closing his article Uv. Hazen says: ** After four years of combat and suffering 
the Czechoslovaks have erected the structure of their independent state, which 
is only waiting for victory in order to become a fact. Thus the Czechoslovaks 
will not be found unprepared when the time comes for them to solve their political 
problems. 

•♦All that remains to be done is to overthrow Austrian control— and Bohemia will S 
be free. ^ 

The famous words pronounced by Palacky, one of the most eminent Czechs of fifty o 
years ago, are about to come true. He said: ••V/e existed before Austria and will :-^ 
exist after it." ^ 

nJ 

 r» 

••A new Czechoslovak state has been promised by the democratic states, and they 

will fulfill that pledge with their lives. Czechoslovakia will thus represent, in 

the heart of Europe, the principles of government and social life to which our 

new homeland has dedicated itself. We should consider it a high honor and a priceless 




- 4 - BOHEMIAN 

Deimi HI as at el , Oct. 12, 1913. 

opportunity to aid in building a Czechoslovak state. If we are concerned 
with the liberation of the world, our responsibility becomes high and our duty 
clearly defined •*• 



T3 



III H 
I G 

IV Dennl HI as at el. Oct* 10, 1913 • 



BOHEMIAN 



WILLS $1000 FOR CZECHOSLOVAK CAUSE 

The late Mr. Joseph Triner, founder of the reputed firm Joseph Triner And Com- 
pany, Chicago, was treasurer of the Czech-American branch of the Czech National 
Council in Prague. In his last will, he left $1,000 to the Czech National 
Council in Prague, for the explicit purpose of aiding Czech independence* 



-1 



Mrs. Catharina Triner and Mr. Joseph Triner, present head of the mercantile con- ~ 
cern, are executors. They decided that the moment the Czechoslovak National Council, ;[ 
which represents the Czech National Council in Prague in the pursuit of Czech -■ 
independence, is recognized by the Government of the United States, the amount c 
becomes due for payment to Professor Masaryk, head of the provisional government 
of the future Czechoslovak independent state. 



c 



CJ 



Mr. Triner, acccanpanied by Dr. Jaroslav Salaba Vojan, called on Professor Masaryk 
in the Blackstone Hotel yesterday and delivered the money. He expressed deep 
appreciation for the opportunity to fulfill the last wish of his father, to aid 



III H - 2 - BOHEMIAI ^T 
I G 

IV Dennl Hlasatel , Oct* 10, 1918. 

the cause vjhich is dear to all American Czechs — and to do it through the 
venerable hands of Professor Masaryk» 



'J' 



III H BOHEfgEAIT 

I G 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 10, 1918 • 

HONOR ItlASARYK 

Professor Thomas G» Masaryk, our undaunted leader, acknowledged by the United 
States Grovemment as president of the future Czechoslovak independent state, 
was guest of honor at a banquet given by the Union League Club yesterday. The 
latter is known as one of the most exclusive and influenti'lsa. bodies of its 
kind in Chicago. Men of wealth, public officials, and others of prominence in 
the city, state, and nation are included in its membership. ^ 



x; 



ro 



The banquet was held in the Club rooms at 69 West Jackson Boulevard. Besides 

the guests of American and foreign extraction, there were a few Czechoslovaks 5 

and other Slavs. In general, there were as many ladies as gentlemen. 

Mr. Scott, president of the Clab, opened the banquet by touching upon the {)resent 
phase of the war, emphasizing that it is the duty of supporters of the Allies, 
and of the people of the United States, to work against the acceptance of any peace 
proposals until Gennany has surrendered unconditionally. This remark drew 



Ill H - 2 - Bomam 

I G 

IV Denpi Hlasatel > Oct. 10, 1918 • 

tumultuous applause* In speaking of Czechoslovaks, he expressed great pleasure 
at the opportunity to welcome the great representative of not only the Czecho- 
slovaks, but of outstanding men of this era — Professor Thomas G. Masaryk. At ^ 
the sound of the name turbulent applause filled the room, and the audience rose ^ 
from their seats • ^ 

Professor Masaryk thanked everyone for the ovation, then spoke on the question 
of changes on the map of Europe after the war. Austria-Hungary must be dismem- 
bered, and an independent Czechoslovak state created to block Germany's expansion 
toward the East. A strong Yugoslav state will also have to be created before r;i 
there can be any thought of a permanent peace in Europe. The speaker substanti- 
ated his explanations by means of a map, which informed those present on the 
existing conditions. He reiterated the declaration of the former speaker, that 
without an unconditional surrender of Oemiany there can be no thought of peace. 
In closing. Professor Masaryk invited the gathering to ask questions, which he 
would endeavor to answer to the best of his knowledge and ability. 

Four questions were put to him. They were about the Czechoslovak Army in Russia, 



CO 



III H - 5 - BOHECTM 
.1 G 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 10, 1918. 

the difficvilties it had to surmoiint, and the sufferings its soldiers had to 

endure before the army had fought its way over the vast lands of Russia, and 

into Vladivostok, Siberia* Masaryk also dv/elt upon the opposition and resistance % 

which Czechoslovak soldiers in the Austro-Hungarian Atroy offered to its govern- ^ 

nient from the very beginning of the war. He spoke of the mass desertions of F= 

Czechoslovak soldiers and of executions, and of the final success which was '-- 

attained by the deserters in forming a Czechoslovak army# 3 

o 

In referring to the Czechs, he declared that that they are the most intelligent ^ 
people in Europe, and that their education excels that of any other people. And ^ 
that is the very reason, he declared, why the Czechs are not eager to absorb 
culture — i. e., German culture — because they have their own culture. 

After the questions had been answered, the audience again acclaimed Professor 
Masaryk and rose. 

LIr. James F. Stepina was one of several prominent Czechoslovaks present. He 



. Ill H - 4 - E0H5MI/JT 

il G 
17 Dennl IHasatel , Oct. 10, 1918 • 

functioned as head of the committee for the State of Illinois Centennial ^ 

celebration in the Auditorium Theater the day before yesterday, Mong the ^ 

foreign guests v/ere the Russian and Japanese consuls and their wives^ - 

Last nights* event may be regarded as another milestone toward further success, :^ 

to which Professor Masaryk has contributed so materially. He, and Hir. J. Cisar, g 

his secretary, will leave at 10 A.M. today for VJashington, D. C, where highly ^ 

important business is awaiting them. ^ 



■-r» 



Ill H 

II B 2 g 

III B 2 Den:-i j;l:"it.vl, Get. C, 191.-. 

I G 

IV 









— • • fc » 

rho^nn G, Las?.!*:'!:,  'C minted '_i:t th- t t':e ^n'lish l-n"::-iv'.'"e local -^^rcrs 
is devoting' riore attention to t::i>^ ev-jat t:.an it Cid even '.:hc:zi r:einbers 
or rci *r.inr '.xmsec visited cur shores. In c^n .entin,; on tni3 r^-iCt, -ve 
docl':^rcd that the re^-vj'^ s-:o./r Tci* Professor I./iS^^.ry]: reflects, in a v/av, 
on our nation, and fills us ;it\ ^'riao. 3iit a*e are ever so -^leased at 

Cu:.:e a :^eraod of .:-cntana(;i.u^ ],:: •nlfie:;: co. 

CiT arcdiction n^^cve^' corne^-t. 7' a ace .as of /estond.a/'s celebr-tion 

? "5 "1 r-n '*-»,Ci 1 T r> ^ ■'" "P'l Ai 7^"^'»P',^  •♦- I .'■» •>-■>••>•-«/■•,»»' ,"■'''* r ^■^•>■■* *^ r  "' '>-■» • v '' ' "^ 1 *! -t.:.-^ S "n "i it -4- T . <r» 

rccollectian of -ill tie a-:rtici^r.::ts , inelr.;in* t^ a re:^resont:i"^ ives of 









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Ill H 

II B 2 g 

III B 2 
I G 

IV 



3ci:^.:l\it 



Denni .lasate l, Oct. 9, 19.18 



Professor J. J. ^"ariial, Jr, L. ^-Islier, .jv. pncival, :..ec3rs. Vojta 
3eno3, ^ajcrs, and -onek. 'Jhe ei-iecutive cor.ij.ii-'Gteec or the ;.>ation';l .u.- 
liance of Czech Jatholics aiid the Jloval: hea^rue appeared in full strenf^th. 
x^.iong Liany ^Jscchoslovai: loaders v;e Mention Conr;ressi;.an ^^. J. oabatii, iiiiton 
J. Cer-.;ak, and J, .-v. Jcrvenka. 

The ti*ain had scarcely cor.e to a stop when r.eiribers of the reception co-^- 
Kittee boarded the car in v/hich ircfessor L:asar;^'h v;as riding v;ith his 
personal secretar^^, ^.x. J. Cisar, :.:is3 Clc^i ..asaryh, a daurJiter, had not 
cone along as her health is none too r.ood, ^ter a feij v.'ords were ex- 
changed v;ith ...embers of tne coruuttee, Professor ...asaryk vjas photo,v,raphed 
v;ith nenbers of the Jzechoslovak .^^nvjj and also v;ith Jzech and *iiLerican 
delectations. ^ brief interviev; was f;ranted the press, and tne party drove 
to the hlachstone hotel v;here our f:uest is stoppinc* After anotiier fev; 
vjorc.s for the press, ever:/body retired to let him enjoy a -uell-deserved 
rest. His secretar^^ and tv;o detectives remained. 



T 



Ill H 
II B 2 g 

•J- -r •»■ li p 

- 4 - r/oir-'''"-"^- 



IV 

Denni Iilasatel , uct. i>, 1918. 

Profeosor ...asaiT^.^k and Dr. ::iiJ;o ririiicvic spolie in support of the 
iTourth i-iberty Loan at a iieetinG in roiver's Theater. Kinkovic, is a 
parliamentarian, representing-: oouthcrr. Slavs of Austria 

Professor x.asar^/k declared t.iat v;iiile ne v;as introduced as a ■oi\)fessor -* 

and soldier, he wants to adliere to [lis capacity as a soldier, and as ^ 

such, he iiiust say that it is the duty of all .^^lerican citizens to stand p: 

behind the Ck)vem..;ent a.al the Presiilent. Lhis can be done by purchasin^^ Z' 

Liberty ^oan bonds to the uti.iost of their capacity. In retun: tiiey vjill 1$ 

receive a fair rate of interest for tj.eir investment. E 

Speakin^;^. of the Jsecxioslovak ^i^nay, Professor ...asari/r: re:npriced tersely C3 

that he adi^iired its soldiers for the fact that althou(^Ji they ^ 

shed their blood and endured great hardships, they -u'ere consent with 
wa^es of only 17 rubles ^about ^.ir>6J per nonth. ihey did not, as a 
r.atter of fact, receive their i..oney until they arrived in Vladivostok, 
oiberia. fhese soldiers :.ave,- however, also :aade other heav;/ sacrifices. 



Ill H 
II B 2 g 

III B 2 .,,-._rt.- p 

I G 

IV 

Denni Illa satel, Oct. 9, ll^^B. 

Jaen tlie^^ cot their r.oi.e:', totaling:, several hxundred tliousand dollars, 
they returned about sevei:ty-five per cent of it to tlieir coi:'u;ia:'iders, for 
use in tl^e Movei.iejit for tne liberation of tlie old laotlierxand. 'fnis cii^'t 
fi\M:. tliC soldiers helped defray expenses for adidnistration, -ro-/v^-':.naa, 
diplonatic represei:tatic?\, etc, The speal-ier enphasized t..at he did noL 
obtain this inforiiation fro::i personal observation, but fron the adiiirins 
account by an officer of the Japanese ^a:*iiy, a sober and critical observer. 

Dr. Ilinkovin followed as a s^:)eaher. . . .advccatinf-: most earnestly a vigorous 
support of the Liberty ;^oan. 

'The band fro:., tne Great _akes ..aval 'Jraininp, station played during inter- 
missions, i^'ir^'it nieutenant holy of the 'Jzechoslovak ^j?:iy v/as presented by 
LIT. L.errick, chairi.ian of the neetin^^,; he refrained, however, fron addres- 
sii'g the tlirong, althougli he was enthusiaj^.tically received, ;vhich recep- 
tion was i.ieant, of coux'se, for the coirjiander in chief and the entire 
Czechoslovak /irniy. 



Ill H 

II B 2 g 

III B 2 



.T.r 



IV 



Jennl Hlas atel, Oct. 9, 1918 



Both rrofessor ..:asar;y'k aiid '^r. ..inkovic spolce on the outlook of 

the war in general. They af.recd that althou<^h i^ulgaria is eliminated fron 

the scene of war, the sti-u^r^^le iv=^ by no raeans at an end. In Austria, the 

tool of Gemany, the situatioji is the worst. Austria promises refon.is which 

would, however, iiean nerely another fonr. of oppression of snail natioi-s. • . , . 

li'or the establishnent of a perr.anent peace, it is necessary to down the Ger- 5. 

nan Govem^nent and disnenber Austria altogether The Austrian bridge nust ^' 

be destroyed, by neans of a bulwarl , an independent Czechoslovak state, ere- ^ 

ated between Gen:;any and the ^st, and a siLiiilrir ranpart in the South, i.e., ^ 

a Yugoslovak republic. 3 

o 

In the evening iianifee^tation, which took place in the ^^uditoriiHL Theater, the g 

atmosphere v;as surcharged with an enthusiasm that has not been witnessed since ^ 
the fanous i^'rench ^arshal Joffre v^ith otber nenibers of tlie j^rench nission was 
vjelcoried there. Czechoslovak, Allied and .-uMerican flags were in abundance. 
A pleasant surprise was given by tiie presence of Italian soldiers — nountaineers 
— and a band from a Sardinian regiiuent. They ;vere led by Italian officers. 



Ill H 
II B 2 g 

IV 

Denn i ::iasatel , Oct, 9, 1918. 

Tiie laooor v;ere seated upon the platfor'-i, vvriich v;as crov/ded with 
A^ierican and Ozeclioslovalc {guests, sin^^ers, t:ie arran-e:.ients comr.ittGG 
for tlie celebration, and speakers, /The centennial anniversar:>'' of the 
enti^" of the State of Illinois into the Union was the subject of the 
celebration./ 






The moiient Professor ..lasaryk entered, the :raltitude burst into deafenin::, 

aDT)lause and acclain. li^rerr/bod:'' rose. V.hen this denonstration, v;hich <^ 

t 

la::ted a loni.-;. tii.ie, had fina'^.ly sucisii'i.ed, and all v/ere in their places, — 

the ooening of this memorable nanifestation took place. :5 

o 



TO 



(^r 



Three i.iilitarv- bands alternated in playinr, the ^iiiicrican, i^'rench, a2id 
Italian anthei.is, while the Italian soldiers stood guard of nonor with ri- ^5 
fles and bayonets presented. Tiie Ustredni revecka Jednota (United oin.-^ers), 
under tlie direction of .jl*. j. ..oudek, sans "Kde Jomov I.iuj" (VJhere my home- 
land is....), Czech national anthem. Tl-ie audience rose in solei;m attention 
and was visibly moved. 



Ill H 

II B 2 g 

III B 2 
I G 

IV 



- 3 - BOICii'ilxJI 



Denni ^LJasauol, Cct. 9, 1913 



LiT. Jaiiuel Insula, liead of tiie Jtate Council of Defence, after 
stating the purpoGe of ti;e celebration, called attentiou to ti.e prOt'^ress 
t:ie 3tate of Illinoio has rade si ice one hundred years ai^o, v;hei. it v;as 
tal:en into the Union. He continued in speaking of the Yu.soslavs and 
Czechoslovaks, whoiii he shovwred v.-ith praise, and finally introduced rro- 
fessor l.asar:/h. 



3:» 



The guest of :ionor thanked :.Ir. liisull for the invitation to speak on this 
occasion, and chose '"The ^einocracy of har" for the subject of his address. 
He first gave a definition, callirif^ it the most ideal brotherhood, con- 
trastinr, it v;ith the autocracy of .^ustria and vieri.iany. This gave the o 

autocratic rulers the advantage and prestiy,e of being designated by the oo 
church as rulei's by divine right. Against this systeii the billies pit S 

democracy, so tnat this V/orld .;ar is, in essence, nothing else but a bat- ^ 
tie between Ger^ian and Arierican principles. A;"ierican democracy is shovjn 
in the Declaration of Independence, which presents the best definition of 
democracy. This conception was grasoed porfectlj/ by ti^o gr-jut Lincoln, 



zx: 



Ill H 
II B E g 



III B 2 - 9 - BOiniiXj: 



I G 

IV Denni laasatel, Cct. 9, 1913. 

and is suGtained by '..lisoa rxov;, v;lio pro-uotcG t.io pri/iciple of tiie 
libe2?at;ion of i.ianl^ind. Presideit ./ilson sets fortii tl^e actual quality 
of tliS natiOi-s, none of 'Viioiri can be forced to live under a G^'^'-i*^i^"^©^^'t' 
that it doec not v/aiit. 

Professor ...asaryk also dv;elt upon the conception of nationalis;:i, v;iiich he 
declares, really does not interfere v;ith socal refonas, and should not 
bo regarded in the sar.ie li -ht as chauvinisii. lie nentioned ^iustria as an 
illustration. ..ucii fi'-^itins is done ohere, all of it on the basis of 
nationalisn. Tlie s:.:all na-'^ions in /kUstria are y^rovinr;, vat]! nation-dlisn ^ 

as a bachground, that no natior can be ter..iod snail if it has enouf^ 
stronr. adlieronts v.-ho Imov; vjiiat to do. 



Ilasar:/!: also put the question, for v;hat purpose do the .J-lies prosecute 
tiiis v/arv o^'or democracy and equal ri."Jits of nations, fhe firdit is car- 
ried on for helf-iun, h'orthem i-'rancc, .J.sace-horrai:i3, Serbia, sub jugat^d 
Poland, johenia, etc. The Jzechs are firiitinr. for the liberty for vvhicli 



c 



'-A, 






I 



III H 

II B 2 g 

III B 2 
I G 

IV 



1 r\ _ '-If 












^"V 



Hn .-^ccl'-^re^i th' t h-:3 st'i.n.1:^ i:^*: :''or t'-e C.:cc}iC.'^lovr^:: .lp::;' beer-use It;, '-r.yo^ ^ 

test^' arair.3t -iv.tccr'iC.v not bv vrorr.'.s onl^' but bv :ieods :.r. v/e].!, Tie ^ 



It:? ':n 






- Vy J_'.  Lf - W o . 1.^- — - ' • * . .-•... ^..w ^ - '> *. Ui ^ v^ I.-: O v.- > * O....W V . >' • V^ «.v ... __ v^ V ., ^..y 

n',tive torif'vo, rcitcr-:ti:- • bb b .b;oi'iC''ii "•")ri:ici^^l:^:': ^re C::cc'": ":>ri:ici^-^les 

C::ech::c^lov:b: riolbicr'^ in '^usoi^:, bcr "..'bo:. 1 :r\th i; ;0": tbi: b'..ttlef icl^l 
i^.2-:omits Tilnoot to 'a rolir-iou!'' rite f^-r t^.o ^;-b:e of the r:Ot!icrl-:.:"!d :..nu liberty. 
ITot .Ii^-;lor:'^ts, but Cr^echoslcv::;: sol 'ic^r^ '.^ore tbocc :;• o filled .\::rvioz v;ith 
entbiuci'-- .vr., r.rii ^in'^lly v;on t::o recr '-nition of tbo entire u'orl-b. bbie spe:b:er 
clo::e'^ —it^* '"or-is in the :]nrli:b; l-^nrun-'-o, asbin'* tbo :-i-uclionce to ri::c in 









III H 

II B 2 g 

III B 2 - 11 - BCIIHliv^Irill 
I G 

^^ ^^r^^^^i IJLasatel , Get. j, 1913, 

honor of uhose v;lio Lave civen tlioir lives upon the battlefield, 
not onlv for our ov;n liberty but also fo:r- tLat of future cc"-^^^tions. 

Tlie sin^*ers presented a choral, after v;hich Irof eraser J. J. Zliiirhal read 
a nessaf.e frc:.i the Jzcchoclovahs tc the otate of Illinois. 

lliis closed tlie nanifer-tation, which vjon nev: and favorable coi;LViendation 
for the Jzechoslovahs. ihis v;aG due to the efforts of cur undaiuited 
leader, Frofeccor ..asar^^h. 



5> 



CD 



Ill H BOHHjyilAN 

IV 

Denni Klasatel , Oct. 5, 1918. 

:1SC£PTI0N FOR ¥A3hRYK 

Professor Thomas G« Masaryk, our leader, will be welcomed by representative 
officials of the State of Illinois next Tuesday, October 8, as the head of the 
Czechoslovak Government. This will take place on the occasion of the hundredth 
anniversary of the induction of Illinois as a state. Tuesday has been especial- 
ly reserved for us Czechoslovaks. 

Czechoslovaks are the only nation thus privileged to be able to make an impres- 
sive appearance before the highest state officials and in influential American 
circles. 

The demonstration in the Auditorium should be a gigantic one. It is incumbent 
upon us Czechs and Slovaks to give evidence of esteem for our leader, who will 
on that day address our people in the Czech language. 

Admission to this festive meeting is free; no tickets will be issued. First 



o 



CO 

cz> 

*-^ 



» III H - 2 - BOHa!I.\N 

IV 

Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 5, 1918. 

corae, first served. Doors will open at 7:30 P.M. Festivities will begin at 
8 P.M. sharp. 

For the arran£;en:ents comraittee: 

J. F. Stepina, F. G. Ilajicek, J. J. Zmrhal, 

Vaclav (iVenceslas) Vanek. 






Ill H BOISIJIAi: 

III B 2 

I a Denni Illasatel , Oct. 1, 1918. 

GHRI3Ti.AS GIFTS .^'CR SCLDEHS 

Czech and Slovak wonen: Our clorious Czechoslovak army in Siberia is daily ^ 
siirprisinc the entire world v/ith its deeds of valor. It battles for our >• 
freedom, the independence of Czecho-slovak lands, and the creation of an 
independent Czechoslovak st:ite. 

O 

Many of them, fathers of faMilies, have been enduring the harsh life of a 2 

soldier for foiir 3'ears, subr.iittinc to sufferings and v/ant, concomitant v/ith o 

warfare. They endure all of this for cur sake, and for the security of our :;i 
future . 

Christmp.s is approaching! Thougli used to the hardships of a soldier's life, 
our plucky boys v/ill be in the snov/bound Siberian plains, far from human dv;ell- 
incs and from their loved ones, without a thing to show that they are remem- 
bered by their folks at home or friends in their homeland. 



w* 



Ill II - 2 - BCIOin^VlT 

III 3 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 1, 1918. 

Everyone v;ill have thouchts of the relatives and friends v/hoir. he has had to 
leave behind. This v/ill surelj^ mean a sad Cliristmas for your lonely soldierl 

But lo and behold! He is not forsaken yet. Tiiere is the Czechoslovak v/oman 
from iunerica to offer hira a ci^^j v/ith sincere, sisterly feeling. She does 
it v;ith heartfelt v;ords of friendship, encouracenent, and hope. 



JO 



:> 



The Czechoslovak Auxiliary of Anerica, in agreement v/ith nilitar:^- authorities, 
has decided to appeal to Czechoslovak v/omen of Ai^erica requesting everyone of -§ 
then to prepare a gift for a soldier of the Czechoslovak army, so that our boys 
may, at least, be partly recompensed for the separation froiii their loved ones, 
and knov; that their brothers and sisters are t3::r'inc hard to ease their burden. 

It was decided to ask our v/omen to have 100,000 si:iall bags ready by Thanks- 
giving Day. The gifts contained in them should be accompanied by a friendly 
letter. All satchels are to be uniforn in size and pattern. Tliev v/ill be 



Ill H • - 3 - BOMSI,:iAM 

III 3 2 

I G Denni Hlssatel , Oct. 1, 1918. 

for;varded early enough to arrive on Christmas Day. 

\Ie hope there is not a single Czechoslovak v;onan in the United States viho v/ill 
not do her bit. Just thinl: of how overjoyed your soldier boy v/ill be v/hen he 
receives your parcel, v;hen he will be handling and fondling the things you 
sent, and v;hen he v;ill be reading and repeating the friendly words you Vtrrote 
in the letter to hin. 

About the satchel: Its shape can be seen in an;^'' substation of the Auxiliary 
of Czechoslovak wonen in the United States, where samples are on exhibition. 
We recoiQiiiend the following articles as most fitting to be sent: towel, rubbing 
bag, handkerchief, shaving soap, v/ashing and laundry soap, razor, toothbrush, 
tooth paste, vrriting paper and envelopes, pencil, knife, pipe, scissors, thread, 
pins, buttons, comb, shoelaces, tobacco, cigars, cigarettes, notebook, choco- 
late tablets, etc. The letter with the name of the lady should be enclosed^ 

About 100,000 satchels v;ill have to be prepared to accomi.iodate all our soldiers. 



? 



.n3 



Ill H - 4 - BOISKIAInI 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 1, 1918. 

;7e v;ill, therefore, need an effective organisation. Novenber 28 is the last 
day for receiving gifts, othemvise our gift nay not arrive in tine. Every 
Auxiliary office will have its allotment of v/ork. The Czechoslovalc National ^ 
Council, 436 V/est 23rd Street, Nev; York, will act as suprene supervisor of tlie ^ 
entire activity. p 

Some sur;fG£:tions: Our v/omen ivill be approached by our press. They are, hov/ever, ^ 
expected to begin on their ov/n account, and prepare a satchel in advance. Use " 
good materials for the gifts which you intend to put into the satchel. In ^ 
New York, and presanably in other cities also, there will be special depots ^ 
where goods of the best cuality can be bought in v/holesale lots. 

The New York division of tho women's Avixiliary is scheduled to furnish 15,000 
satchels. Each district v;ill be apportioned a certain number of satchels to 
furnish. V/e are certain that our v;omen will do everything in their power to 
provide everyone of our soldiers v;ith a satchel. 

For the auxiliary committee of the Czechoslovak National Council in 
New York — ^IJrs. L. Llotak, Ethel J. Cabik. 



Ill 



i^U iiJjl.AX-~^li 



JOIN T'Li OJLiiCilOoLOV.^: .lHIiY 
(FroM tiie Gzeeho.slovuk Press Eureau) 

The GzeoaoslovaK arr^v has rot onl^'' '.vori r^^r3oect and ad-'iiration Tc-^ our nation, 

but it has also foiK-ht and v;on for our :iOjneland, rcv-^o^nition as pn i idf^pendent ^ 

Czecho:-"<j ov'ik state 7^\t!I its ovm provisional ^-overrL'.ient , tfie Czeoaoslov-i-z 5 

K'^^tional Counrj], he-viod by Prores.-'-^r T. (!•• i..a5^aryk. In adaition tie nilitary '^ 

eff ic lercy of thp 0:330 nor^,loval: Lirr^r^y at^s forosd .aistria to sue fo"^ a separate [^"' 

peace. This is aii establlsnod fact, tur next purpose nust be t: preserve 'S 
the ad'^antaf^es v;on, and *-o multiply taern. This v\rii.l bo pcp-^lble only v;:ien 
every GzeC'ioslovarc botv/een tae a(;es of Ic ana 45 years }p. 'villin^' to do his 

duty I i^" 



O" 



Our Gzec'ioslovyr' amiy does not recruit any sclrii.ers for Iiassia nov;, since our 
nilitary force there is sufficiently stron/^ and has dischargea itself of its 
task Yery 'veil. The part of our arniy fi(i;itinj^ on tne Italian front need not 
be supplonanted, for it drav;s its reserves fr-jsa Czeoaoslovak lands, and 



Ill H - ^; - 50:Id2iI.J^ 

I 

Dennf .J'-nsatel ^ oept, ^^, 1!j18. 

directly frora tae ;,.ustro-iiuiir:K^M. in ar/uy /by soldi5rs v/iio desort lsA orrer 
their services to the .^lli^JsJ'^ Trie Czec-^ioi^lovur: ar'-^.v figating In France neeas 
to be stre.i^tnened. sio^ie oi? these are rron tae Russian battlofi ells, come 
froiP. the Auptro-Hunearian am'ies, ana otners :.re volunteers fror.i .jTierica* 
That i3 not enougru i.any laore are expected froi.i tne Czecnoslovjk briinch in 
America* 

Czechoslovp':.? in tne olfi country have furnish^'^. solai'^-^s for ^"/o fronts, the 
Russian -jind Italian, ana in part ror tne French front. ..e :iave a complete 
ar::iy in Russia, one corpG in It.-.ily, 'und in x^ranoe, ^'*or t '^.e ti:^.e bein^, three 
regiifientp. 

The Gzecno3lov/K arr.^.y, and its soldiers in France, expects us to do our duty 
and send several more recir^^nts. If Jzecaoslovalis in .jiierica -vill not heed 
the Call, tiien v;e v.ill 'I'^.'^'-e to ^et soldiers from scn^wr^ere else. ';<^ 
absolutely must have in France at least one army corp.-^, in oraer to preserve 
our x)restip:e t:]^re. 3ever>'J. re^^iments are needea to ma.ke up a GzecjioslovaK: 
corps* 






Ill H - ,3 - BOHBMIiiN 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 22, 1918. 

American CzecLoslovaics, don't forget your dutyl All those who are signing 

up now, and those who signed up last year, should be ready to leave for the 

training camp* You should report to the nearest recruiting station* If 

none is in your town, send notice to the main recruiting bureau: Czecho* ^ 

Slovak Army, 154 Nassau Street, New York, New York. You will thereby be jj 

performing an honorable duty* 



Here are seme examples fZt men who did not keep their promise/: A well-known 
member of the Sokol lives in Chicago — he hails from Moravia and signed up for 
the Czechoslovak army one year ago — and now he has a sore leg«*««. 

Another example: A student of the University of Chicago signed up here for the 
Czechoslovak army« The London, England, branch of the Czech National Alliance 
had paid the expense of his voyage to /unerica* All members of the London 
branch of the Alliance are now at the front, or at least in uniform, but 

our university student who received his education on the money furnished 
by Czech America, and who enlisted last year, has not yet kept his word of 

honor* 



r  






liajL- u s 



III Ii - 4 - hO: 

I C> . 

.jiother n-dn, one fron tne intelligentsia, v;:io tau^^at in Czech o^.ic'j>j:o scaools, 
signed vp lust ye-ir, but nas not y?t reaee;i*-^a ais pled(-re« 

If anvono rho has si-'ned mt) n.•-ipr^f^ne to fall sick, uc; ou^-r«t "^.o subrit to an 
examina'f'iGn by ci;t doctor, ^'.^lo v/ill ou;"-^ly release ain fron ra? promise if 
c1 rC'jjTiSthiricos warrant it. Do not allow yGur::elf to beco^ie a deserter. The 
nar;es of taose v;no have ein^^ed nr> a^* volunteers are ^eut In or.r military 
records, v;ai«^h are preserved as cioc'jments for tae future. Don't allow your 
name to become -rnov^ as one whose bear^er bro/ce lis promise, v;iiile all of 
our able-bOQied men served in t le arrnv and fou/^nt for beta the Czec-oslovak 
and tde .jnerican nations. 

Those w':»o :<no\v fellav coiin^^^rvnen between tiie a^^es of 18 anu 45 should ar)- 
proac.i tnem. and ur^re them to be m.indful of their duty. Of course, only 
nonci^izen Czecji03lov:-*.ks are eli^:ible Vcr ou^" arriy. Let Gze? lojlovaic- 
^^ericans become farr^ous on tre Jrenci front I 






Ill H 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , 3ei:it. 22, 1913, 

IV 

YROll W.Z CZl!:CHC3L0V;iK ^ILZILLJ^Y COI^JITT^ 



BOE^a.ilI 



Numerous communications were received at last ni-^ht's meeting in the hall of 
the Pilsen (Plzensky) Sokol. They all expressed gratitude for the beneficial 
work done by the Czechoslovak .-^.uxiliary Committee for the relief of our soldiers 
and their fajnilies. These letters also contained words of encourar^ement for the 
continuation of that body's activities, Ti-ie distribution of military forces 
over various fronts has brou^dit about a division of v^ork in the committee. In 
this v;ay it becomes more evident ;vhere the burden of the relief work vjill fall. 
The committee also makes every effort to help our boys in the .merican Army, 
those in orison camns, and those unfortunates about whom the American Red Cross c. 
has sent us reoorts. In addition, there are many of our refugees who are in dire 
need of help. One cable from Vladivostok, Siberia, states that there are 20,000 
refugees, among them 4,000 Czechoslovak children. Besides these, a Czechoslovak 
army is encamped there. To these, first of all, our help had to be extended. 
There are also wounded or sick soldiers of our own and Allied irmies, and many 
from Tokio and Shanghai, 



«.* 



'O' 



Ill H - 13 - BCHS?.II.iN 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Sept. ?fB, 1918. 

IV 

First infor.'nation on these conditions caine to the conmittee from /Washington, 
and now Professor ?• G, I'asaryk is sending an appeal for aid. Physicians and 
nurses are needed. New York's Czech Auxiliary Cornmittee is speedily organizing 
medical forces. It has placed forty women in hospitals for trainin^:, and many 
others are volunteering for service. Some are from Chicago and ei^ht physicians 
from the Czech branch of the American Red Cross are also there. 

A very interesting communication has arrived from Paris, France. Sincere grati- 
tude is expressed in it by the Czechoslovak colony, for the help extended by our 
committee to the sick and wounded Czechosloval: le^.ionnaires, and to widov/s and 
orphans as well. This letter is to be published verb_itim as a document of the 
committee's activities which started at the very beginning of the war, and are 
carried on under the sponsorship of the Czech National Alliance. The work is 
divided so that activities will neither impede each other nor overlap. 

Our work is to continue, and will have thorou^^h supervision. ^In ambulance has 
been bought by us, and will be delivered to our soldiers in Vladivostok, Siberia. 



Ill K - 3 - BQHE^1I.^^ 

III B 2 

I Cr Dennl Hlasatel , Seot. 2^., 1918. 

IV 

Another aribulance may be bouf^lit for Trance and. Italy, so that the :;;reat hu- 
manitarian institution, the American Red Cross, can see proof of our good v;ill 
and reaJinos^ to sacrifice. If we wish to have the Red Cross help our soldiers, 
in one or another army, we have to sliow that v;e appreciate their help and are 
grateful for it. 

.Ve are also in receiot of a reoort from the command at the Serbian front* It 
came from Saloniki, Greece, and states tiiat the American Red Cross has helped 
the Serbian Red Cross by donutin.j p50,000. Tliis benefited a f^^reat many Czecho- 
slovak soldiers, some of whom had been t-iken prisoner from the .-lUstrian .irm3^, 
while others had deserted. All of them offered to serve in the .illied ar:aies. 
About 3vj0 of them, under the com:aand of I^ajor Konr-i'J , joined the Czechoslovak 
Army on the Italian front, wliile another [^00, under Lieutenant Krystof, were 
sent to Cognac, France, to join the Czechoslovak rO'my. 

From the same source came thanks for books, man:azines, and nev;srapers, provided 
mainly b' the ladies' section of our committee. "Thev are beinp, sent bv Brother 



CO 



Ill H - 4 - BOHfflflEAN 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel > Sept. 22, 1918. 

IV 

Vokral, secretary, and also by members of the Beseda Fric /another Auxiliary 
association in ChicagoT^. The parcels are sent to individuals in the various 
military camps here and across the ocean. Our boys in Vladivostok are receiving 
their gifts from us through the good offices of the French consul there. 

Some of the packages containing underwear, books, etc., did not arrive until a 
year after their mailin,^. Many sick prisoners who were in Serbia, but are in 
France now, were affected by this. Some of the largest boxes did not arrive at 
all. JSvidently the ship had been torpedoed. This did not deter the committee 
from continuing their aid. Packages are arrivinf: in good condition, as proved 2 
by acknowledgments of receipts and by letters of thanks. ^^ 



All our subcommittees should begin to prepare for Christmas and provide supplies 
of tobacco and other gifts. The Czech National Alliance and the Auxiliary are 
going to have conferences with the branches in Cleveland, Ohio. LIr. Stepina, 
who is heading the movement, has been presented by our ladies with an artistical- 
ly embroidered pillow with an American emblem, as a token of appreciation, and 






Ill H <J - 5 - BOE^^Y.LIN 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Se^t. 22, 191S. 

IV 

also of encouragement for the hard tasl-: v;hich he has undertaken. Delegates 

for the Cleveland conference have already been aoiDointed. 









Ill H BQHSiaAN 

I C 

III II (YuGOslav) Denni laasatel , Sept. 20, 1918. 

CRCATIAI^'S kl^D CZECHOSLCV/JCS 

{ Summary ) 

A meeting of the largest Croation brotherhood in Ariierica is bein^ held in the 
Czecho-Slav American Auditorium here 

« 

A resolution was passed in which president V/oodrow iVilson, and the United States 
Gtovernirient , are thanlced for the proclamation issued recently, in v/hich the 
Czechoslovaks are recognized as a nation on ecual footing v/ith the other, the 
free nations, and their land as an independent state, v/hose government is provi- 
sionally in y/ashington, v;ith authority vested in the Czechoslovak National Coun- 
cil, whose head is Professor T. G. llasaryk. In the resolution the :.-eeting 
expressed sincere hopes that the United States Government will grant a similar 
recognition to the Yugoslavs 



Ill H BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 C (3) 

Dennl Hlasatel. Sept. 20, 1913» 

A FLATTSRING ACKNOWLEDGMENT 

The Chicago Evening American , which up to the present has given little atten- 
tion to our affairs, printed an article in last night *s issue in which it says 
in particular: 

**0n the last day but one of the War Exi)osition, residents of the Czech 
settlement marched to the Statue of Liberty, where Secretary Lansing's message^ 
informing them about the recognition of an independent Czechoslovak nation, 

was read ^description of the celebration, and ethnographical data on 

the Czechoslovak nation and its history followsj»/ 

*•••• .President Wilson's declaration became the beacon light for them: 'We 
are going to fight for what is nearest to our hearts»*~Anci the Czechoslovak 
flag in the parade proclaimed: 'We shall fight for the high ideals of our 
president 



•-c; 



<L 



«^o 



• • 



I 



I 



III H - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 1 c (3) 

Dexinl HIasatel > Sept. 20, 1918# 

^A famous Frenchman once said that every people will get that 'liberty for 5- 

which it fights and which it deserves* Czechs have battled for centuries 

to uphold their ideals in an unequal struggle* No wonder they rejoice over 
their reward**' 



f 



• 



Ill H 

III B 2 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , Sept^ 20, 1918. 

IV 

LADIES ADXILIAHY FOR THE CZECHOSLOVAK ARMT 

Let U8 €lL1 work hard for the nation* How it is done is immaterial if the 
good will is here. The "Ladies Auxiliary for the Czechoslovak Army** was 
formed from members of the Czech National Alliance, on June 21* The 
directorate of twenty is composed of well-accredited workers, who repre- 
sent all women* s groups* The directorate will soon be augmented by 
additional representatives of other organizations* 



BOHEMIAN 



>  



c. 



This Ladies Auxiliary is under the sponsorship of the Czech National ^ 



Alliance, the National Alliance of Czech Catholics in America, and the 
Slovak League* It was, in fact, constituted out of members of these bodies, 
under whose guidance it endeavors to make the best success of its activities* 
This Auxiliary comprises all groups of the '^cellcy'' (Little Bees), regardless 
of creeds, attitudes, and opinions* The Slovak Vcelky and other Slovak 
women *s auxiliaries also belong to this body* 






Ill H - 2 - BOHBIAIAN 

III B 2 

I G Denni HXasatel^ Sept. 20, 1918# 

17 

All infoimatlon is given out by the chairman of the Czech National 

Alliance* The latter, as well as the Catholic Alliance and the Slovak League, 

has given us financial support which helped us considerably toward our goal* 

TfVithin the short span of two months, the Czechoslovak women have filled {^ 
seventeen very large boxes with hand-worked articles, both linen and woolen, ^ 
for soldiers of the Czechoslovak army* Our boys will surely remember those ^^ 
very thoughtful women who work for them whenever the occasion arises, be it 
in our Bazaar or our Posviceni (people^s old-fashioned festivity)* 

All this recognition does not stop the **Little Bees'* from doing more work* 
They keep on knitting, sewing, collecting and piling up goods in their bee- 
hives and gamers* They make every effort to acquire everything needed by 
the soldiers, and arrange collections under the auspices of the Czech 
National and Czech Catholic Alliances, and the Slovak League* They also 
strive in every way to lighten the heavy burden of those three bodies* 
Czechoslovak women never relax in the pursuit of their aims* The following 



^ ^ 



Ill H - 3 - BOHSaJIAN 

III B 2 

I G Denni HIasatel , Sept# 20, 1918# 

IV 

women* 8 organizations are represented in the Auxiliary: The Czech Ladies 

Unit, Catholic Foresters, Sisterhood Auxiliary Uhit, Catholic V/omen's Central 
Organization, Beseda Fric, First Slovak Women^s Itoit, Zivena, and the 
Evangelic (Protestant) Slovak Women's Association^ Many others are about to 
Join in the near future* 



r- 



u 






We are doing everything in our power to prove to our boys across the ocean 
that we fully grasp the magnitude of the sacrifice they are making, and to 
render their situation as tolerable as possible* We can do this only by 
providing them with things they need* Our boys do not get tired* This is 
shown by their successes* We must not, therefore, show fatigue either* 
Let us continue to work, together* We ought to feel proud of our bpys—those who 
are already overseas, and also those who are on their way to the battlefields* 

Czechoslovak mothers be true to yourselves, by asking yourselves whether you 
feel you have done your duty I Today you can help* Do not hesitate and post- 
pone till it is too late* Those in battle offer their lives for us* Let us 

likewise do our duty and place a penny or two upon the altar of our land, to 



Ill H - 4 - BQHSMIAH 

III B 2 

I G Deanl HLaaatel, Sept* 20, 1918. 

IV 

give our boys what they need to alleviate their suffering* 

Dr« Ludwig Fisher, chairman of the Czech National Alliance, and lieutenant 
colonel of the Czechoslovak army, is giving out information according to which 
we are expected and urged to do everything possible for the Czechoslovak army* 
Our soldiers need warm clothing and various other necessities, as for instance, 
soap which is almost unobtainable overseas* They need sundry utensils, 

such as scissors, brushes, needles and thread, writing paper, etc* Christmas 
will soon be here* It is time for us to begin preparations so that we can 
give our boys a pleasant surprise for the holidays* Dr* Fisher suggests that 
we take up collections and send money for each company, so that our boys can 
have a Christmas tree* If we succeed in getting the money, then Christmas 
tide will be the most beautiful time we have had during the whole year*..** ;^ 
A mother is a wonderful being* She cares for her son and defends him, even 
when all others condemn him* She makes one mistake only— she leaves him, 
and leaves him forever, alone* 



Irs^' 



^ "k 



cry 



v.. 



Ill H - 5 - boil:;.:i j^ 

III B '2 

I G .' Denni M-ds-it el, :^'?.pt. ^0, I'^^IB. 

17 

Gzec.'ioslovik v^O'i^nl Let tnere be not one amon^"^ ^''or. w'ho ^.voulrl fors'-et 

bo do her sacrevi dutyl Let us denonstrr^te thc.t ?/e are faitoj'ul dau ;^':tors 
of our rot lerl'-ind, i\nd loy-'l citizens of the country of our f^redt rresident, 
V^oodr'JVT '.illson, ?:hose nation ]iAS reco^^rnizeci oar n-.^ti.cn as equal to otier, 
fr=^e, "^aticns. ^ 

'.^e 7/111 «^tart the collection p^^^on, ana v;ill see ove^y Gze<^h 03 iovak ivopM.n. ^, 

jaVerv v^O'ian consciou.s or aer descent Veep your -ioor open fo:^ usl ,..e v.'ish ^ 

to than'C all t.'ose vo'P.en v/jio contributed so c^nerousJv for tiie beneCit of 

our sold:ers, on t he occasion of the raisin;:: of a service f] a^ on Lav/naule ;> 

xiverue betv;een 2oti\ and ?.6ti\ 6tr?f^ts. -..o also t'lank the notuers v::io nelped A 

at tie celebration on ^pri ri::f iela .^venue uetiveen 26th and 2Vth Streets. 

The f*ornier contributed yVl-roO?, the latter ^7^, ar i taose on L-v.Tidale ^venue 

near 31st Street ^;,ldZ. ihe noneys v;ere rec<^lvea by i..rs. .jitonia Gervenka, 

ana directed to tne proper place. ..e tiaaiiK eaC:i one m tae n.-ii.ie of our 

soldier'". 

Yq^ tae Ladies .auxiliary of t;ie GzecDoslovak .^rmy. 



Ill H - u - BOi-L^iv.IrJ^ 

III B S 

1 G Derri qasatel , Jept. ?0, 2 918^ 

IV 

Si{Tnea: I.Iay llovotny, c-iairman; 

:i. Jolin, tr'-^asurer; .-».• Lav/rinc, nana^^ar. "Si 

Our office is locate^I at ;?'^4^ '..est r^Sta Street* There ^''ou v/i]l see articles ^ 

V I 

for t'le soldiers; th^y are exhibited irx the v/inaow display, lieceipts for Z^ 

gifts or money are isGued by trie secretary ot this body, i..r3. ^jntonia Ij 

Cervenka, 24o8 oouth Lamidale ;^v6du^c For the convenience of v/omen wno have 
ohil^ren, the office is open i.onday and oaturoay frorn 9 i^.-.i. to 12 noon, and 
from 1 ?.:.:• to 6 P.M. 






Ill H BCHMIAN 

II B 1 c (3) 

Denni Hlasatel > Sept. 17, 1918« 

TO CZECH AND SLOVAK CHICAGO 

The arrangements comrolttee for the Czechoslovak Day celebration in the War ^ 
Exposition in Grant Park was composed of representatives of the Czech NationalF 
Alliance, the National Alliance of Czech Catholics in America, and the Slovaks- 
League. This committee voices its appreciation of the splendid support given 5 
the celebration by our Czechoslovak public, and expresses its heartfelt ^~- 
thanks* The manifestation, held September 14, 1918, ims a glorious event* 
It is not possible for us to single out organizations and point to their 
individual share in the success. All we can say is that our hopes in the 
Czechoslovak people were not only fulfilled, but excelled* 

Our brothers, the Slovaks, also participated in large numbers, forming a 
considerable part of the throngs, and thus have won a lion*s share in the 
final results* 

Our ladies, as always, have testified to their patriotic sentiment in a 
manner that coinmands respect. Sokols of each group did their duty. They 






•<-. 



Ill H - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

I II B 1 c (3) 

Deiinl Hlasatel , Sept. 17, 1918 • 

showed that they can be fully relied upon, and are always ready to help 
in our struggle. Our Czech and Slovak butchers, also, appeared in large 
numbers, thus showing their thorough grasp of the deep significance of the 
celebration. Organized labor and political unions were in their places, 
and merit the gratitude of our public. Our aid societies and brotherhoods 
made up a large and beautiful part of the parade* 

Long rovjs of members of our clubs and associations with such various aims 
as mutual aid, entertainment, etc., were in the procession, augmented by 
many individual patriotic workers; among these were our women, and this 
completed the parade. T/e wish to thank every individual who came to lend 
a helping hand to our noble work. Many heavy burdens have been placed ^j^ 
upon our shoulders lately, and, therefore, the readiness of our people 
to sacrifice is evermore to be commended. 

The raising of the Czechoslovak flag on September 14 has made this day a 
genuine holiday for all Czechoslovaks of Chicago. The memory of this day 



— ^ 



f •> 



Ill H - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

* II B 1 C (3) 

Dennl Hlasatel , Sept^ 17, 1918 • 

will be i»ritten in indelible letters in the hearts of everyone vftio took part 
in the event. The presence of our officers and of many patriotic visitors 
materially aided the success of the manifestation. 

The Arrangements committee. 



Ill H BOHFJJ/jg 

III B 3 a 

III A Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 15, 1S18. 
I G 

I C CZECHOSLOVAiC HOifiAGE TO CGLLLiBIA 

IV Our National Holiday at the IVar Exposition 

Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is the most remarkable 
historic edifice in the union. There is the Liberty Bell.. •.and pictures 
of men on the walls — pictures of revolutionaries for v.hoin, as such, golden 
gallows had been prepared — but v.ho, in the judgment of a just fate, have 
v;on an unalienable place in the history of the Union, and a spot in the T~ 

heart and soul of the free American men. There are places v.here the tongue ^ 
is aiwed into silence, and v.here the throb of the heart speaks the logic of gg 
history 






o 



There is the cradle of American independence, v;here the American eagle spread 
its wings for its first free flight, to project itself into heights never 
dreamed of. 






Ill H - 2 - BOMEPJAIT 

III B 3 a 

III A Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 15, 1918. 
I G 

10 At those inonuirients of American history, a rroup of men paused in 

IV August, 1909, Dr. J. S. Scheiner, head of the Czech Sokol comniunity 
^n Europe/ and of the Slav Sokol co.nmunity, headed the party which 

was bound for Chicago, there to attend the first all-Sokol rally» The senti- 
ments of the visitors are preserved in the neiiiorial book of that historical 
museum. The words were fro:ii the pen of V. J. Klofac ^i^zech representative 
in the Austrian parliament/: 

^Sons of a subjugated nation adraire and nonor the men v»ho won liberty for their 
motherland." 



-T3 



:3C 



Only a few plain v/ords, but what deep meaning is in themi oc 



There is a similarity in the de\elopment of nations who blazed the path to 
the enticing rays of freedom which is born froi.: tears and blood. This very 
ocean of suffering, throuf^h which the American people had to go, strengthened 
its sympathy for oppressed nations, where\©r they may live on this globe 



fV3 



Ill H - 3 - BOH^livIT/iN 

III B 5 a 

III A Denni Ilia sat el , Seot. 15, 1918. 

I G 

I G V.lien President V.'oodrov; Wilson proclairaed that no government should 

rv rule over a people v«ithout its consent, he merely expressed the 

will of one hundred million Araeiic^^ns, who lean on the traditions 
of the freest and greatest republic in the worla. This tradition is re- 
flected in the recognition of the rightful denands of the Czechoslovaks, who, 
like Prometheus of the myth, have been chained for centuries to the black 
and yellow Austrian/ rock, undaunted, and calling loudly for our political 
rights and advancing our just claims, even in times when the world passed us 
up, never touched by our sighs of despair, which meant more than a voice in 
the desert. 






September 3, 1918, w^as celebrated as the day of resurrection for the large ;^ 

family of Czechoslovaks. On that day the historical proclaiaation pronounced S 

the death sentence over this outi:ioded feucal system ^ 

We are still alive and full of fight; 



Ill H - 4 - BQK^JiaiiN 

III B 3 a 

III A Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 15, 1916. 
I G 

I C The fight is not finished by far. The utmost exertions v.ill be 

IV necessary to dovm the rabid Hun, but when the stormy sea will have 
becone caL'n....the day of September 3, 1918, v;ill mean a national 

holiday just as does September 20, for the Italians 

Just like the name of Garibaldi, the name of Thomas G. Llasaryk vail be 
indelibly inscribed in the heart of ever:' honest Czechoslovak as our hero 
in our defense against Austria. VJith his naine will be pronounced the naine 
of President V/oodrow Wilson, recognized spokesman of world democracy, the 
man to whom our people will forever be bound in gratitude for our national 
rebirth. 

How thankful the hearts of the Czechoslovaks can be w^as best demonstrated 
at the manifestation held yesterday under the auspices of the Czech National 
Alliance, the National Alliance of Czech Catholics in America, and the 
Slovak Learue, in GrtJit Park, on the grounds of the Tar Exposition, 



:$ 









Ill H - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 3 a 

III A Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 15, 1918, 

I G 

I C An uncounted multitude of our people came to express gratitude to our 
17 President and the American Government* They did it in such grandiose 

style that Czechoslovak Day became one of the most magnificent events 
in our community. It became a holiday of the Czechoslovak settlement in the 
broadest conception of the word. 

What the arrangements committee considered a mere request to our people was 

accepted by them as an order and a command, which was obeyed in all parts of 

our community strictly and eagerly. Our national discipline has shown itself 

in the most beautiful light • The overwhelming majority of Czechoslovak shops ~o 

and stores were closed all afternoon. Those business houses which, for one 

reason or another, could not close, surely did not find many customers to 

serve. We are positive, however, that most Czechoslovak employers closed 

gladly, to give their employees an opportunity to attend the celebration. 

Everyone in our settlement felt it instinctively his duty to do everything to 

enhance the success of a day of such towering significance for us. Every 

Czechoslov€Lk district was a veritable sea of waving flags and other decorations 



-T7 



--4 



Ill H - 6 - BOHTCMI.LK 

III B 3 a 

III A Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 15, 1918. 

I G 

I G in the national colors. 

IV 

Hardly more than one v.eeK has passed since the first meetinf;, called 
by the airangements co:.Mittee, was held in the hall of Sokol Havlicek Tyrs, 
yet so vigorous uas the action begun by representatives and members of our 
associations, clubs, ^nd other organizations that the results were splendid. 
Announc anient s of participation came in large numbers. At 3:30 P.M., every 
street opening into i.achigan Boulevard froui 14th Street north was jamraed with 
members of our organizations and inaividuals. The vicinity around the Illi- 
nois Centrul railroaa station was literally buried under countless banners 
and service flags. 

In spite of the immense nuraber of participants, the parade moved with clock- 
like precision, a vivid testimony to the thoroughness with which the plans 
for the occasion had been laid. The coraiaittee had ingratiatingly complied 
vdth the v;ishes of managers of the smaller groups, and bo contributed to the 
smoothness with which the parade started north on Michigan Boulevard. 



j-» 



■^^ 
o 



--J 



Ill H - 7 - BQHZMIhN 

III B 3 a 

III A Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. lo, 1918, 
I G 
I G This boulev&rd, ordinarily a thorour'hfare for endless rov;s of auto- 

IV mobiles, presented an entirely different aspect yesterday afternoon. 
All traffic v;as stopped and the sidev.'alks were lined v;ith dense 

crowds, lending our parade a colorful background and heightening the impor- 
tance of the scene. 

Sixteen police officers, led by Captain J. ji'. Ptacek, and a band from the 
Great Lakes Naval Training Station, headed the parade. An array of our 
flags was followed by officers Holy, Niederlo, and Horvat, of the Czechoslo- 
vak army, accompanied by Dr. Ludv^ig Fisher, and a large delegation of offi- 
cials of the City of ChiC;.^c, most of whom were our fellow countrymen. The ^ 
group following v;as decidedly one of the most beautiful of the entire parade: 3? 
Slovaks, led by the picturesque "Ride of the Kings, *^ adjudged to be the '^ 
finest attraction the I^oravian Slovaks can boast of. Large numbers of our 
Slovak brothers and sisters in their colorful costuiaes followed this caval- 
cade. Almost every district from the Hungarian part of Slovak lands was 
represented in this group. The entire Slovak part of the parade was 






f— 



o 



Ill 


B 


III 


A 


I G 




I C 





III H - 8 - BOKEU^ 

5 a 

Denni Klasatel , Sept. 15, 1918. 

abundantly dotted with costumed children, self-consciously marching 
to the beat of the music. They attracted a great deal of attention. 

Others who followed v;ere: The United Czech Singing: Societies — ^Home Guards, 
led by ha:. Frank Pecival — students of the Red Cross Training School for 
nurses — ^Rubringer's Band — ^Sokol girls~Red Cross groups — eighteen standard- 
bearers — bugle and drum corps — members, male and feiaale, of the Czech Sokol 
coiiuQunity in America — Slovak Sokols — a delegation of Hungarian-Ruthenians — 
various citizens' organizations — Czech butchers in the garb of their guild, 
with their own band — members of the G. S. P. S. (Cesko-Slovansky Podporujici 
Spolek-Czecho-Slav Aid Society) — members of the Association of Czech Ladies — 
Beseda Fric (a patriotic aid society) — representatives of the Slovak league — 
the Tatra Aid Society (Slovaks) headed by twenty-five banners — ^members of our 
Catholic societies — Prazaci (club of Czechs hailing from Prague, Bohemia) — 
Socialist associations — members of the International Bakers' and Candymakers' 
Union #13 — and various other associations. 



^ 
>> 



f -.D 



Ill H - 9 - BOHT^MI^ 

III B 3 a 

III ii Deuni lilasatel , Sept. 15, 1918. 

I G 

I G There v.ere about one hundred large banners anu service flags and 

I^ tvv'elve ^;ood bands. It may be said that the procession was splendid 

and held its ovm against any other parade that ever laoved through 
Liichigan Boulevard, no matter by v-hom arranged. The paraders paid their 
respects before the Blackstone hotel ^here Professor f.lasaryk stops7, then 
turned south through Eighth Street to the Exposition grounds. g 

Thrt^e quarters of an hour elapsed before the procession passed throu^_^h the 7-r 

gate and filed into the Exposition grounds, v^here large crowds had assembled. Z 

Cur people clustered around the Statue of Liberty, where banner bearers and _g 
members of our singing societies were placed. The program proper then began. 






Lieutenant Grovernor Oglesby v.elcoiaed the Czechoslovalcs in the name of the 5 
State of Illinois, and read Governor Frank 0. Lo?/den'3 message, greeting the 
Czechoslovaks in a most sympathetic manner. In it, the Czechoslovaks are 
called the best citizens of whom the State of Illinois could ever boast. 
They were congratulated on the successes which have crovmed their efforts in 



Ill H - 10 - 30HEL1IAN 

III B 3 a 

III A Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 15, 1918. 

I G 

I C behalf of the cause of liberty so far won. 

IV 

Mr. Creel, head of the government's Cciamittee on public Information, 
spoke enthusiastically. He was followed by Ilt. Karel (Charles) Pert!;ler, who, 
as a worker in the foreign section of the moveinent, has performed services 
which Czechoslovak history will auly appreciate. Mr. Perkier spoke as our 
diplomat-representative. For lack of space, we have to delay reporting on 
all of these memorable addresses till our next issue. 






After Mr. Pergler's aadress, there followed an episode v.hich filled the -"^ 

celebrants* eyes with tears. The singin^^ societies san^^^ our ever-beautiful o 

anthem "Xde Domov laUj...," (Vliere my homeland is) while :>lessrs. Holy, f^ 

Niederle, Fisher, and Horvat raised the Czechoslovak fla^, after having S 

kissed it. Tais simple song hao become the anthem of our subjugated nation. ^ 

The Czechoslovak flag was placed amone-: those of the ii.llies, as a symbol of 
our freedom, and to demonstrate th£.t we Czechoslovaks are breaking our tethers 



Ill H - 11 - BOHS^IiiN 

III B 3 a 

III ^x Denni lilasatel , Sept. 15, 1916. 
I 

I G after century-long i^ufferings. . . .It was a noct solemn moment \Jliich 

IV brought tears to our eyes and, at the same time, filled the heart 
v.ith the sv^eetest delie;ht 

The Slovali anthem ''Flashes of Li^^tninc over the Tatra /nountainsT"" then ^ 

filled the air, sung by our Slovak brothers v,ith fervor and indescribable ^ 

enthusiasm. Perhaps never before hns this Slovak hymn appeared to us as ri 

infinitely dear as on this occasion, when v^e felt that we aie, for all ^ 
future times, part of their nationality, ana that their exultation is r.lso 
our ov/n joy. 



o 



Professor Jaroslav J. Zmrhal read i resident IVilson's proclamation which, for g 
us, possesses the same significance as the Declaration of Independence of c>' 
1776 has for Arrierica. The multitude listened in awed silence, and in rapt 
attention, to this proclamation v^iiich v^ill, in times to come, be greeted v.ith 
exuberant feelings by our countrymen in the old motherland, to vdiom it brings 
the long-sought freedv^m and liberation from oppression by the Hapsburgs. 



Ill H - 12 - B0H7:U.\N 

III 3 3 a 

III B. Dennl Hlasatel, oept. lb, 1318. 

I G 

I C President V.'ilson's laecisa^e v;as received vath frenzied applause. 'Alien 

IV it subsic.ec, ProfesiL.or Zmrhal addressed the meeting in his ov^n words. 
He laid stress upon the accoiaplishraents of our Czechoslovak army, to 

;\hose deeds the political recognition of our independence is to be ascribed 
in a very large measure. After his address, Professor Zmrhal presented a 
group of Ruthenians from Hun^^^ary, a nationality not so much heard of hitherto, 
but v.hich is also groaning: under the yoke of Austrian terrorism. These guests 
were warmly 'welcomed; the enthusiastic reception i:iac;e an obvious impression 
upon them. 

Mr. Ondrej (Andrev.) Schustek, \vell-knov*n and accredited v.orker for the Slovak 
national cause, took the floor in behalf of his fellov; countrymen. His ad- 
dress v\«as short, but heartfelt anu inspiring, anc* v^hs delivered in the mel- 
lov Slovak lan^-uage, the tongue of a people ..ho have suffered long, and for 
v.hom the rays of hope for a better future have finally begun to snine. 
Stormy applause rev.arded the speaker v.hu v-us tnen follc^ved by ;.j?. Jan Straka, 
for the Czechs; 



<> 



:^ 



■• J 



Ill H - 13 - BQE}^:i;jjiN 

III B 3 a 

III rv Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 15, 1918, 
I G 

I "Czechoslovaics h&ve been revolting against Austria and Kungary for 

IV the past four years. Great tacrii'ices v.ere iJUide by the people in 
the inotherland and the Gzechofcilovaks in this country, before the 

just nationalistic denands v.ere recognized, 

"Our people across the ocean have suffered intensely. They were persecuted, -c 

jailed, and even faced v;ith the gallov.s. They clunF: firmly to their just -. 

national rights grc^^ited to the:r. by divine and human judgment — they demanded p 
independence fbr Czechoslovak: lands. 

"We, in this land of the free, \\/e American citizens, are conscious of our 
obligations tovvard our nev, hoiaeland. Our slogan is aliAr'ays ana everyvjhere 
♦America firstl' As sons and dau^^hters of Czech ana Slovak: mothers, we could 
not look disinterestedly upon the stru^-gle in which the existence of our 
nation is at stake, V/e v;ent to help our brothers across the ocean; we 
propagated ana financed this move.ient for liberation. Our people, here c>nd 
across the ocean, have ceclared war against Austria and Germany, our enemies 



kJ 

^ 






Ill H 



- 14 - 



BOHEMIAN 



III 
III 
I G 
I C 
IV 



B 
A 



3 a 



Denni Hlc;satel , Jept. 
for many centuries* 



1918. 



naticuj.l legend of the 'knights 
ulien distress v.as deepest, our 



"This war cieinonstrates that our oli. 
in the Blanik* f^. i.iOuntain7 is coning- true. 
Blanik kni^^hts left Austria to join tho ranks of the Allies. These valiant 
Czech warriors are battling in Russia, anc on the French and Italian fronts. 
They comiiand the admiration of the v.hole v.orld. To these Czechoslovak forces 
goes first credit for the recognition of our independence. 

''Our nation, the Czechoslovak army, and the Czechoslovak Council — the Czecho- 
slovak government now — were recognized first by France, then by Italy, Eng- 
land, and, finally, by the Govern;fient of the United States. 

"No wonder we Czechoslovaks have come here in a festive parade, to this public 
place, v;here the government-sponsored V/ar Exhibition is being held, to testify 
to our gratitude to the American nation which has, through President TVilson, 
given the Czechoslovaks a rank as an equr-1 among free nations. 









Ill H - 15 - BQHZIvJiiN 

III B 3 a 

III A Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 15, 1918. 
I G 
I C "Today's parade un Lichigan i^venue syfiibolizes, inaeed, the triumphant 

IV induction of the GZ6choblo\ai-:s into the lanks of the iillies, warring 
against Gerniiny and Austria. 

"In this solemn moment v»e renei: our pledge o. loyalty to this country, and 
sv;ear fealty to the Stars ana Stripes. In deepest reverence, v^e thank our 
President for the recognition of the Czechoslovaks. In lookin^:' up to the 
Czechoslovak flag v^aving at the side of the Stars and Stripes — and fully 'z: 
conscious that our \.ork of four years' duration has v:on the recognition for -^ 
our nation — in this moment of mi^^hty emotions, every Czech soul may justly ^ 
intone the *Te Deum,* and v.e may v.ell add: Glory to thee, our motherland and ^^ 
home of the brave, glory to the Czechoslovak soldiers anc their bannersi 



"On the occasion of today's celebration let us promise to each other to hold 
out in serried ranks till final victoryl 

"Let us support our Government in every one of its efforts, particularly by 






 r 



Ill H - 16 - BOHEI^LJT 

III B 3 a 

III A Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 15, 1918. 

I G 

I C buying Liberty bonds in the caiapaign which is to open soon. VJe are 

I\' ready to give until it hurts, our goods and our blood, everything 

for Czechoslovak indepenuence. After this celebration closes, let 
everybody hasten to take his place on deck of the shipl There is a task for 
everyonel Everyone ^houla stand behind our leader, Kasyryk. Everyone, on 
to the fight for the liberty of the Czechoslovak nation!" 

After Mr. Straka's acdress, the b.ssembly sang "America," vihich closed the 

program of this beautiful and laomentous celebration. All the participants 

left, convinced that they had given expression, in a befitting, dignified -^ 

manner, of gratitude to the American people and its great president, Woodrovj 

Wilson. They all felt fortified by their virtues, v;hich won for theiM the 

distinction of bein^ called "the must desirable citizens of the North American 

Republic." 

7'e cannot conclude the report on this festivity more aptly than by voicing 
the gratitude and the heartfelt greeting v.hich is today on the lips of every 



::> 






Ill H - 17 - EQHEL^L'JT 

III B 3 a 

III A Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 15, 1916. 

I G 

I G one Ox our people here and across the ocean: 

IV 

"Be proised, great ijuerican people, raised upon the pedestal as 
protector of oppressed nations because your sons have shed tht^ir blood. 
Greetings tc the Star-Gpangled Banner, sy,ubol of everything that is good, 
sublime ana noble! All hail to you, President V.ilson, v.ho, by fortitude 
of character have realized the drean of the ^revtesit tnin^iers in the history 
of mankind — to see a v.orld free and without slaves." 



^-» 






-J 

 r 



III H BOHij:iaAN 
I G 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 14, 1918. 

TO TIiE CZaCIiOSLGVAIC PiilOPLE 

(From the Czech National Alliance) 

The hearts of the Czechoslovak people of this country are filled with joy 

today, ^^'e stand before the flag of this glorious Republic in deep emotion, ^ 

bowing our heads in deepest reverence and love for our President, w'oodrow kVilson. -^^ 

« 

The Government, through Secretary of State R. i]. Lansing, has proclaimed the C 
independence of the land of our fathers. It recornized the Czechoslovak National Ig 
Council as the provisional i^overnment of Czechoslovak lands and gave the procla- Si 
mation into the hands of our beloved leader, the venerable Professor T. G. 
L'^saryk* 

.Ve are hailing, in this glorious, historical action, the greatest day for 
Czechoslovak- Americans in the history of this Republic • Our eyes are filled 
with tears, and our tongue does not find words suitable to express the deep 



CD 



III H - 2 - BQIiSMIM 
I G 

IV Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. 14, 1918. 

feeling that surges through our hearts. 

From the grave of the past there rises the newly bom Czechoslovak nation from 
which we came; the nation of our forefathers who peered into the future for fully 
three hundred years visioning, but vainly expecting — liberation* 

After days of utter oblivion, after years of want and shame, after centuries 
of suffering and misery, the hour of liberation is approaching. The words of 
our great Jan Amos Komensky, which reverberate over our lands like the peal 
of a bell, are coming true: "I too believe in the Lord, and that after the 
storms of ill will, brought upon our heads by our sins, are over, thou wilt 
again rule thy own destinies. Oh my Czech peoplel'* 

Our land will be free again. V/e have worked for four years for the nation from 
which we came. V/e followed Thomas G. I.!asaryk, whose name is dear to us, and 
will be still dearer to the coming generations of our nation. V/e followed his 
footsteps over broad unplowed acres into which he sank his shovel plow. In 



'— 






III H - 3 - BOrIEI>:i;i:M 
I G 

IV Denni lilasatel, Sept. 14, 19 18. 

sweat and white heat, in hoioe and despair, that is how we staggered through 
grievous days. But our love of freedom could not be shaken, and neither 
could our firm belief that the day would come for which we had been vmiting — 
the day of liberation and victory. 

That day has come, for America, which is our homeland, has done what it could 
not have failf^d to do: It drew the sword — justly — for the freedom of the 
oppressed nations, and, therefore, also for our own nation. Vve were not disap- p 
pointed in placing trust in America, just as the democratic world will not be — 
disappointed by its president — 7/oodrow Jilson. nS 






c 



America is our fatherland. Reiterate your vow on July 4 — repeat the oledge c. 

we gave to the flag of this Republic. Let us promise to devote our work to 

her, make sacrifices for her, and give her everything we possess. 'H'lenever 

she calls on us, the Czechoslovak people will rally under her banner, determined 

to make sacrifices — and she is worthy of them. 

Czechoslovak people: Llay all Czechoslovak hearts be aglow with the purest joy 



III H - 4 - BOPia^lAM 
I G 

IV Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. 14, 1918. 

over this solemn recognition, and jubilate all over this Republic. Let the 
American people see the gratitude which fills your hearts by gathering in 
large camps and meetinp-s next V/ednesday. This should be observed wherever 
Czechoslovaks live. 

lYe greet the lejiler of the Czechoslovak nation, T. G. Masaryk, commander of ^ 
our heroic Czechoslovak army» V/e oledge our loyal support in this hard task, 5 
till the end of the troublesome davs. ^^ 



He believe more than ev^r before in a victory for the Czechoslovak nation. -o 



■:pd 



!Pate does not want the Czechoslovak T)eople, or its future generations, to r^erish. o 

Liberty for the Czechoslovak people grows out of humiliation and oppression, ro 
starvation and blood, sacrifices hy Czechoslovak sons, v;ho suffered on the ''•^ 
banks of the Vltava and the Vah and died on the banks of the Ivlarne, in Poland, 
on the plains of Siberia, in the snow-covered Alps — out of a sea of tears and 
sacred hopes, which fortified the Czechoslovak people in the immense struggle 



III K - 5 - BOHEiaA N 
I G 

IV Dennl lilasatel . Sept* 14, 1918. 

of mankind — out of love for their motherland shown by children of America — out 
of the r:lorious strength of Thomas Garrigue Masaryk and his faithful co-v/orkers, 
out of the Czechoslovak soil, soaked vrith the tears and the blood of our 
forebears and consecrated with their ashes — out of the v/hisperinr: and rustling 
of the vjoods and orchards, — out of the deep mysteries which lie in the streams 
of our old homeland, — out of songs and the truth and our rights for ;vhich the 
sons of America, too, are shedding; their blood. 

Czechoslovak America, devoted to truth, faithful to the Stars and Stripes, loyal 
to its president, Joodrow //ilson, .greets today a nev; and bri^^ht future for the 
Czechoslovak State. . 

Bohemian National Alliance: 

Dr. L. J. Fisher, chairman. 

Vojta Benes, secretary. 



-X) 






III 11 - 6 - . B OMbiaAIT 

To 

IV Denni Elasatel, Sept* 14, 1918. 



Reverend Ino Kestl, chairman. 
Fr. Sindelar, secretary. 












Ill E BOHlJiryllAN 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel> Sept. 14, 1918. 

CZJJCHOSLOVAfS THANK AJJiERICA 
In the Name of their Brothers and Sisters across the Ocean, 
and on their Own Account, they Herald a New and Bright 

Future for the Czechoslovak State 

The Czechoslovaks of America express their ardent gratitude to President 
V/ilson, who showed himself to be a true friend to the oppressed nations; 
also, to the leader of the Czechoslovak nation — TliGmas G, Masaryk, and 
finally to the undaunted Czechoslovak army, [k picture, four columns wide 
and half a page high, shows a Czechoslovak warrior at the side of President 
Wilson^ 

This picture is the work of our highly esteemed friend, 0. Valasek, whose 
artistic cartoons are known to the Czech people of ximerica through American 
publications* The Austro-Hungarian and the Prussian eagles have waged a 
ghastly war for the domination of Central Europe, and the entire world. They 
are coveting the Slavonic nations of Russia and the Balkans. But the 



cr 



Ill H - 2 - B0H5MIAN 

I Gr 

Denni Hlasatel > Sept, 14, 1918. 

Czechoslovaks are barring their way. The Czechoslovak army is defending 
I^ssia and Siberia. The Czechoslovak state, formed as a result of this 
war, stands on the borders of Germany, raising high the emblem of its ideals 
and its strength to prevent the Prussian ea^^le from invading Balkan lands. ^ 
The two-haa led Austro-Hungarian eagle lies dead, slain in a combat which it J^ 
had provoked. The swords of the Czechoslovak heroes have destroyed that p 
geographic conception called Austria-Hungary. 



In the solemn manifesto of September 3, 1318, President iilson recognizes 
the independence of the youne Czechoslovak state, thereby inducting it into 
the community of free nations. Ke stands behind one of the small nations 
of Europe with his great moral and physical power, he the liberator, to 
vrtiom the Czechoslovak people turn today filled with hope, and with feelings 
of deepest gratitude. 



O 






Ill H BGII^JaN 

. I B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatol , Jept. 6, 1918. 

' III H (Slovak) 

^REoiDiiiNm.-u. Dii;c;iEi;s7 

(Editorial) 

^ivery Czech and Slovak rejoiced over the decision of President ./ilson, by which r^ 
the Czechoslovak nation is declared free, and on a par with the other allied .1^ 
nations. Each one, regardless of hovj much he helped the cause, is overjoyed, p 
and considers every act of our President a wise measure designed to bring about ^ 
a victorious ending of the ;var, g 

We sliould not find fault with his executive orders— not even with his latest, f^ 
although it sounds the knell for our bi^loved beverage, beer. ^ 

Considering the quality, hov;ever, in v/hich beer is disT^ensed at present, it 
vjill not be missed very much. 



Ill H BOIU.IL^I T 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 5, 1918. 

All liirrrHUSL^sTic acclie-i 

Chica^^o Press '.Welcomes Czechoslovak 

Independence 

Nearly all English language newspapers in Chicago have given prominent space 
to the recognition of Czechoslovakia as an independent state, and some of 
them have even added historical explanations of the decision of the Allied 
governments and its political aspect. The Chicago Daily Journal and the 
Chicago ^ening Post wore the most outspoken among those papers, and their 
articles were very elaborate. Those two publications have alv/ays acted very 
favorably toward the movement for Czechoslovak independence, and their re- 
ception of the nev;s regarding the Allies' proclamation of Czc^choslovak ri.iits Zi 
was most enthusiastic. 

The Chicago Daily Journal printed an article captioned '^lail Bohemia" in the 
issue of last nie^it. 



Co 



Ill H - 2 - BQH3:.^IAI sr 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel ^ Jept, 5, 1918. 

The Government of the United States has recognized the Czechoslovak nation 
as an .\llied nation, and the Ozeohoslovak National Council, whose head is 
the heroic Professor T. G* Masaryk, as the provisional government of an inde- 
pendent state. This news is hardly less gratifying than the reports of the 
Great British victory in Picardy. It is the recognition of a people small 
in number but great in intellect, v/hich has rendered services to humanity 
which exceed their visible value. 

It is the death sentence for Austria-Hungary. It is the end of all attempts 

by the degenerate Hapsburg family, to keep the possessions it has succeeded ^ 

in accumulating by stealth. This step has removed the danger and fear that 

the coming peace would be nothing more than a bungled affair. It gives new 

impetus to th.^ revolutionary movement which has already permeated the Hapsburg 

monarchy, ana av/akened eveiy Serbian, Croatian Slovenian, Pole, Ruthenian, and 

Rumanian, as v/ell as every Czech and Slovak. 



^ 



Ill H - 3 - B0H3vIIAN 

I a 

Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 5, 191S. 

The Jhicago Daily Journal , in Darticular, has every reason to rejoice, since 
it v/as one of the first, if not the first, ^imerican paper to advocate a declaration 
of war against Austria-Kungarj'' and full recognition of the Czechoslovak nation. 
The benefit to all nankind fa-^ exceeds our rejoicing, and the Chicago Daily 
Journal is only joining in the general outer;/ from the entire iurierican republic 
when it says "Hail Bohemian". 

The Chicago 3voning Post welcomes the Czt;choslovaks into the midst of free i 
nations. The Czechoslovak people have taken up arms against Austria and Germany, "i 
and put an organized army of their o;vn into tlis field. This Czechoslovak army ; 
is fighting under officers of its own nationality. It is fighting our. enemies 
according to the rules of civilized warfare. This is why the Ck)vemment of the 
United States recognizes the Czechoslovak National Council as the ce facto govern- 
ment. One hundred thousand v;arriors, three thousand miles from their home, have 
created their ovm new nation. This is the drama of the recognition of Czechoslovak 
independence, which was proclaimed yesterday. The Czechoslovak soldiers /in the 



CO 
r>0 



i 



Denni Illasatel , Jept* 5, 1918. 

Austrian arm^Z -ho surrendered to the Russians in the last mighty offensive 
are the ones who formed the nucleus of the Czechoslovak armj^*.,.. 






HI H BOHEMIAN 

III D 
I G 
IV 

Chicago Daily New3> oept, 4, 19l8, in the 
Scrapbook , p. 90, of Lr* P. 6. Lambros, 
130 N. ./ells ot,, Chicago, 111* 

SKiCS BIG GZECHO-SLOWJC AID. 

John R, Palandech Views United States Recognition as Fc-.ctor for Victory* 

Foreign language editors of Chicago are unanimous in their belief that 
recognition by the United States of the Czecho-olovaks as an independent 
nation means the certain overthrow of the foes of the .-ulies in Russia and 
the ultimate establishment of a Russian government that will be a strong 
factor in the defeat of the Central Pov/ers. 

•*It is one of the greatest things that have happened since the United States 
entered the war,** declared John R* Palandech, editor of the Balkan .forld» 



Ill H - 2 - BOKaOAN 

III D 

I 
I V 

Chicago Daily News , Sept. 4, 1918. 

••It means not only that the Gzecho-oloveks of ijJurope will continue the 

struggle with greater courage and energy, but also that v/e Gzecho-olovaks 

of the United Hates will rise unanimously in an effort to get every one 

of our people into the war against Prussianism at the soonist possible 
moment •** 

Lr. Palandech is a candidate for the Republican nomination for the office 
of county comiiiissioner» 

V. A. Geringer, editor of ovornost, a Bohemian daily, was .also enthusiastic 
over the situation* 

Peters 3. Lambros, director of the Chicago Association of Foreign Language 
Newspapers, endorsed the expressions of Lr. Palandech and Llr» Geringer* 



Ill H 
I G 

Denni laasa tel, ^u-. 26, 1918. 



BOID..:LyT 



The Chicago Tribune in last nifdit's issue prints an article sent in by its 
•Jashinrton correspondent, harvey on:i(ir,ins, in which the vicissitudes of the 
Gzechosloval: army in oiberia are described 



-a 



::0 



CD 



Ill H BuIIELJ^T 

III B 2 

1 Cr Denni Illasate l, Aup;. :il, 1918. 

Iv 

A N.l'./ C.N, 3. B:LiITCH 

Many meinbers of the C.Ii.S. (Ceske Narodni Jdru::eni — Czech Ilational Alliance) 
residinr; at Cicero find it hard to nake the lon.^ v/ay to Cicero branch, v/hich 
is located in the Sohol Karel Jonas nuarters on 25th otreet» They have 
founded a new branch at .^arren --».venue Park. There v;as a meeting, arranged by 
the Cicero branch, at vjriich the division v/as performed. 

Professor J. Zjnrhal and Ivj?, F. J. Kubec, chairman of the district committee 
of the C.^i^.S.^ spoke. The ne;v branch v;lll make it easier for m^embers to pur- 
sue their purpose and c jn^inue their activities to promote the revolutionary co 



The attendance at the meeting v.^s p;ood. Tlie new branch has members from Cicero 
and from L'orton Pur :; besi:'es these, thirty-seven nev; members were ^:;ained. 
Officers v;ere elected after the tv;o speakers had addressed the mo-tin,:;. 

Both speakers took the audience off its feet. Their ardent v;ords -.'ore 



<rrj 



movement v/hich has the liberation of Czeciioslovak lands as its ultimate goal. k'^. 



JTI 



Ill H - 2 - BOPISMIAN 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Aug* 21, 1918. 

IV 

tumultuously greeted and rewarded with applause. .Ve regret very much 
not to be able, for lack of space, to publish them. 

7/e sincerely hope that all our fellow countrymen of Warren Avenue Park will 
become members of the new branch and thus show that they are doing their 
patriotic duty. The next regular meeting will announce the results of the 
election of officers. 

•'Thou must not do less than the simplest Czech soldier,^ says Professor Masaryk. ^ 

This slogan should be in everybody's mind, and all should obey it. It is al- ^ 

ways better to come late than not to come at all* Best of success to the new ac 

branch! ^ 

For the Cicero Morton Park branch of C.N. 3. 

F. J, Kubec, chairman 
E. Teplian, secretary 






BuKJiaAlI 



III H 

I C 

I a Denni lUcsateJ, , .-^ug, 21, 1S18. 

Li]T»S VREF.^j^ FOR SLOVAK DAY 

Uov/adays only one thing can really irnoress us — that v;hich shov/s strength, 
enthusiasm, and willim^.ness to sacrifice. Slovak Day, to be celebrated in 
the v/ell-icnov/n V/hite City park next Sunday, v;ill surely excel in this respect. 
This is ,'/,oing to be a c^^andiose patriotic pilgriiDage, and to pass it up would 
mean a national sacrilege for every sincere Slovak nan or v/ornan, and equally 
for every Czech irnn or woman, for vie are united v.lth the Slovaks in soul and 
in body. 

That day v/ill, in the first place, serve to honor those sons of the Slovak 
nation who are at present fightinc for deriocracy and liberty, for their ov/n 
nation, for y^.erica, and for all nanlcind* A gor^^eous Slovak "Service Flag" is 
goinf; to be raised there, and Czechs and Slovaks will take a solemn oath to 
support their soldiers with ever^'i^hing in their pov/er, and not to cease to 
sacrifice ever^rthing they can possibly spare until the enemy, who is choking 
our dear ones in the land of our birth, lies in the dust — until the foe that 






Ill H - 2 - BOHBMIAI^ 

I C 

I G Denni Hlasatel, Aug« 21, 1918. 

is menacing our dear new homeland has signed a peace which will secure a happy, 
free life to the Czechoslovak nation and to all the downtrodden and exploited^ 

The golden Slovak heart— that inexhaustible well of enthusiasm and i;nderst»anding ^ 
for everything that is beautiful, noble, and just — is going to throb next Sunday^ 
with a beat that all Chicago will hear, and its echo will reverberate in the — 
trenches in France, in the Italian Alps, in the vast spaces of Siberia — wherever § 
Czech and Slovak youths are battling to provide far better days for their nation ,2 
where they are suffering untold hardships and are sacrificing their health and ^ 
their lives for the most beautiful national and humane ideals • j|j 

No Czech, no Slovak should miss those glorious moments. Come alll Let all be 
prepared! It is so very little, indeed, that is asked in a time ;^en thousands 
of our best sons are making the supreme sacrifice , the greatest sacrifice, 
within the gift of man — life itself I Let us, at least, show that we recognize 
their heroism, their strength of conviction, and that we know how to honor them 
as they fully deserve. That is why we call on Czechs and Slovaks to be at the 



Ill H 
I C 
I G 



- ;d - 



BCIG2:iAIJ 



Denni HI as at el, Aur. :^1, 1913. 



V/hite City Dark, 



^ 



Colonel Kiirban of the Czechoslovak army is exoected there for Slovak Day. He p 

is one of the foremost leaders of our armj^ and one of ..he closest friends of r^ 

our creat leader, Professor r.iisaryk. ?Iis name is dear to every patriotic -x3 

Slovak and will surely prove a mi-::hty magnet Sunday, o 



CO 



Ill H B0II3!X\IT 

I G 

Deimi Hlasatel , A\3£r. 16, 1918. 

CZECH iiid2ps::dh"CE 

The Chicago Jou3:nal in last night's issue printed an editorial in v;hich ^ 

Czech independence is warmly advocated, and the United States is urgently ^ 

requested to follov/ other powers in recocnizin^^ it. The article reads as ^ 

f ollov/s : '- 



"Three pov;ers have fon.ally recognized the Czechoslovak people as an 
independent ally. France initiated this action, as she alv/ays does, in a 
calm, logical rianner. Italy was next, and now Great Britain has taken the 
same step, prompted by a noble inspiration. The Lnited States should be 
the fourth pov;er. The sooner it recognizes Czechoslovak independence, the 
more our prestige v/ill be enhanced, and our policy furthered. IV;enty-four 
hours ago a message v;as smuggled in, announcing that seventh-four Czech 
soldiers had been executed, h\indreds of civilians arrested, and Geman and 
Hungarian garrisons augmented. This is only a drop in the sea of blood 



CO 



Ill IT ^ 2 - BCin:;i.:iAIT 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , Aug« 16, 1318 • 

spilled. Tens of thousands of Czechs and 3lovalcs have been han{:ed, shot to ^ 
death, or stairved in prison since the beginninr; of the v/ar» 5 

"If service be the price of freedom, then the Czechoslovaks have the clearest P 
right to it. Although shackled, they have smashed all iiustria, v;hich is nov/ 
held only by the Ceman supercoverninent. They have conquered the German and 
the Austrian armies in an unequal struggle. They are nov/ fij';^ting on the 
Western Trout in France and also rendering valuable service to Italy. They 
are the main force supporting Russia against a mixture of bolshevism and 
kaiserism, and their career in that coxmtry amounts to an epic not heard of up 

to today. 

"There are, however, still more potent reasons for the recognition of 
Czechoslovak independence. It is necessary to choke Prussianism to death. 
Study your map as you v;ill, and you v;ill not be able to conceive of the 






The Evening Post in last night's issue also treats this vital question: 



. 'T 



•TD 



III E - 3 - BCi3::mi 

I a 

Denni Plagatel , Aug. 16, 1918. 

idea of a free Europe vdthout an independent Czechoslovalc state • lliat flat 
land surrounded by mountains is the key to liberty for central and eastern 

Europe. As long as that land is ruled by Berlin or by Vienna, there will 5: 

al'A'ays be the menace of a Pan-German empire • Czech lands must be freed C 

because they need independence—because they deserve their freedom, which is rg 

at the same time necessary for our ovm safety, u'hy should we postpone £ 

acknowledciaent of these plain facts?" V^^ 



o 



"The Czechoslovak nation has become a reality through its recognition bj^ 
Great .-ritain, JrLince, and Italy and through the sj-mpathy extended to it in 
the United States. That nation lias been organized by the Czechosloval-: national 
Council and is represented by three armies fighting for democracy on three 
fronts. Its people does not pledge fealty to the Ilapsburgs any more, but 









III H - 4 • boeei!.:l\it 

I G 

Denni lae.satel , Aug, 16, 1918 • 

on the contrary it is a s-z/om eneiu^- of Austria and Geircany, Its country is 
still under the command of the oppressors, true enough, but its people are 
revolting, and only military r\ile is able to maintain a vestige of Vienna's 
authority in Bohemia and Loravia. Tliis means the beginning of the decay of 
Austria-Hungary, and tlie Allies are unanimous in their intention to see 'c 
Austria-Eungary destroyed. 3 

"One glance at the map will demonstrate the strategic importance of the 
Czechoslovak terrain. This territory, hemmed in by mountains, is a sort 
of mailed fist thrust betv/een the ribs of Germany. It v/ill stultify the 
designs of Prussia to merge the smaller, v;eal:er countries if it is governed 
by men v/ho do not recognize the sovereignty of ..erlin. Czechoslovakia v;ill 
take along the eastern Slavs. It v/ill be the beacon light of liberty and 
r^^volution for the Yugoslavs and the loles. 

"It is for the Lnited States to get together with the democracies across 



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III H - 5 - BOHEa^lIAI^ 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , Aug. 16, 19 18. 

the ocean in their attitude toward the Czechoslovak nation. The manifestation 
of sympathy sent by the State Department recently should be followed up by 
a full, formal recognition of the Czechoslovak National Council as the trusted c:. 
representative of the future independent Czechoslovak government. p 

^'IJe must not be less bold and definite in our proclamation regarding this § 
matter! There is no reason for giving any consideration to the attitude of 
Vienna. There can be no hope for a separate peace with the Dual Monarchy~a 
peace in the interest of Germany. We have a duty to perform toward that ^ 
great element of our population, the Czechoslovak people, and we should give 
every help to that valiant nation." 



CO 
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Ill E 3opsi-.za:i 

III B 2 

I G Denni Illasatel . July 31, 1918. 

HL.4SAT5L Uf/iiSTIGATSS SSTSATICIL^ HJI,!OR 

Yesterday, v;e printed a nev;s iten, v;hich stated that Hiss Llilada Jarusek of 
New York city had been sentenced to death in Vienna, ^iistria, having been charged 
with espionage. The Nev; York Tribune , in yesterday *s issue gave further 
details. It said, "Vflien Miss Jarusek was sent to .'lUStria by the Czech 
National Alliance, she traveled on the sane ship with Count Bernstorff , for- 
merly German ambassador to the United States. As a governess in Count 
Seckendorff *s family, she had made the acquaintance of Bernstorff and some 
other prominent Gerraans, She had v/on their confidence. ?or this reason the 
Czech National Alliance decided to send her to Austria on the same ship with 
Bernstorff; there she was to investigate the attitude of the Czechs, and 
their representatives in parliai.ient, to the proclamation of an • Independent 
State of Czechoslovakia!! lands*." 

Information to this effect was supplied to the Ilev; York Tribune , the news- 
paper says, by Llilada Jarusek' s brother, who is none other than 



Ill H - 2 - BOHSLIAIT 

III B 2 

I G Dennl ID^asatel , July 31, 1918. 

 

Slavomir IZratochvil, v;hose real nai.ie is Slavonir Jaruselc, who still lives in 
ITew York. He further stated to the Tribune that he had received nev/s fron his 
sister fron Halifax, to the effect that Bemstorff was pessimistic in his 
attitude toward the war, and hoped for a peace with the United States through 
the mediation of Denmark. Before this, however, she had told him of a con- 
versation v/hich she had overheaix3-, wherein Bemstorff predicted the full suc- 
cess of the German U-boat v/arfare. 

This was the Tribune ^ s story. /Another item is printed in yesterday* s issue 
of the Evening i^erican ; the story is by the Hew York correspondent, and 
states that the Hew York Czechs and Slovaks are very much disturbed over the 
report that :.iss Jarusek has been sentenced to death for espionage in her 
native land. This shovjs that Austrian spies are workinc in New York and 
deceived IJiss Jarusek, after having suspected her brother for several months. 
The Hew York Czechs and Slovaks, so the report states, vjill have to take 
some steps in the matter immediately. 



Ill H - 3 - BQ:T?:i.n:AiT 

III 3 2 

I G Denni iaasatel > July 31, 1918. 

The Denni Hlasatel , in search of authoritative infon.iation, v/ent to the 
Czech National Alliance, whose headquarters are in Chicago, and questioned 
llr* Vojta Benes, school teacher, organizer of the Czech National Alliance, 
and, at present, also its secretar:,^. \Je v;ere greatly surprised to learn 
that the Czech National Alliance has never had any contact with Lliss Jarusek, 
such as would have been necessary in a natter of such significance. He does 
not know the girl, and no one in Chicago does either. All Lir. Benes can re- t 
nenber is that the afore-nentioned olavoiiiir Kratochvil once asked him in 
New York to help his sister find a job. Just what kind of a job the girl 
wanted to get through the mediation of her brother, Ivlr. Benes cannot recall. 

This sudden turn in the aspect of the affair compels the IHasatel to view 
the authenticity of the reports with the utmost reserve, and with an attitude 
of watchful waiting for further developments. Realizing the full significance 
of the matter, we investigated, as vjas our duty, for the sake of our readers, 
in order to let them knov; what the National Alliance itself had to say. 



-■ T 



«. 



I 

.^ III H 



BOHEMIAN 



I 

Denni Hlasatel , July 30, 1918. 

DISTn^GUISHSD aiioTS 

Our Garden City was host to a distinguished guest yesterday. CkDlonel Vladimir 
Hurban of the Czechoslovakian riXmy stopped in Chicago for a few hours, on his 
way from Vladivostok, Siberia, to vYashington, D. C. , to deliver his report on 
the situation to Professor Tho.Tias G. iklasaryk. The visitor coiiies from our Czech- 
oslovakian Army, to viiich the world press refers as "the marvel of history," ^ 
which rescued the city of Vladivostok, and itself, in self-defense, from the ^ 

claws of Bolshevism Colonel Hurban came from San Francisco accompanied i:^ 

only by two aides. He was not expected here, not even in the headquarters of 2 
the Czech National Alliance, where he called shortly after twelve noon. The oo 
officials made all possible, albeit hurried arrangements to insure a dignified 
welcome for the Colonel from the Czech National Alliance, the National Alliance 
of Czech Catholics, and the Slovak League. Their representatives, and those 
of the press, gathered quickly to hear the Colonel's account of his adventures 
and experiences — as much as he deemed fit to disclose. Our guest is tall and 
wiry. His features do not show any signs of the strain and hardships he has 






Ill H - 2 - BOHEIflAN 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , July 30, 1918. 

had to endure • 

Colonel Hurban handed each of those present a docuxTient stating the purpose of 
his mission in ?/ashington. We had to content ourselves v;ith ivhat this docu- 
ment contained, but we v;ere told a few very interesting things during the 
conversation. 






The Colonel declared that he hiiaself no longer has any lailitary distinction 3 

whatsoever because the i^art of the Czechoslovakian Army that is now in Z^ 

Vladivostok, is about to go to ij'rance, there to join the other part of the ^ 

Gzechoslovakian Army. He is simply going to join the others, if necessary as ^ 

an ordinary private The Czechoslovakian i^rny in Siberia hopes to get to c.o 

Stance via the United States. There are about 15,000 men. They feel confident ::5 

that on their way through the States, they will find Czechs in America doing ^ 
their sacred duty tov-ard the motherland. 

The Colonel spoke very little of himself. A smile crept upon his lips, hovjever, 



Ill H - 3 - BQHEtaCiiN 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , July 30, 1918 • 

when he told of half a dozen San iTrancisco nev;spapers, each of which had written 
about him. They came out with an elaborate personal interview supposedly granted 
by him the day before. He himself had gone to bed immediately after his arrival. 
His aides slept in his room. These interviews allegedly granted by him v;ere 
nothing but pure fiction. 

The Colonel left Chicago at 4:30 P.li. Ivlany prominent Czech leaders of Chicago 
v;ent to the depot with him. 



.1-* 






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Ill H 
I G 



BCKE1.!IA1T 



Denni Hlasatel, July 24, 1918. 

FAREV'JELL 
From the l^Iilitary Committee of the Czechoslovakian Army 

Another continp,ent of Czechs of America left Chicago, July 20, to join the 
Czechoslovakian Army overseas. On that occasion, the volunteers, gathered 
at the hall of Sokol Havlicek-Tyrs, were addressed by several speakers, anong 
whom Vojtech (Adalbert) Linhart, Chicago Czech, attracted special attention. 
He had volunteered for the Canadian Army, and was wounded in action, losing 
his left leg. His words ir^ade a deep impression, //e think it appropriate to 
print his address in full. 

^To my highly esteemed friends, and to my dear comradesl I have returned from 
over there. You are on your way. I am not goinr^ to tell you v/hat a soldier 
should look like, or what his duty is when he is about to fight for the liberty 
of his country. By coming here and enlisting in the Czechoslovakian Army, our 



•<i 



'.O 



Ill H - 2 - BOIgL'iIAN 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , July 24, 1918 • 

revolutionary army, which today is fighting throuf'hout the world, you have 
shown that you do not have to be av/akened or agitated^ 

•*! stand here before you a one-legged soldier — I left iriy left leg on the 
battlefield. They gave ne an artificial leg, which is not easy to walk on. 
I aia, nevertheless, a tl:ousand times happier than any man of my age who 
shirks his duty, and walks the American soil on both feet. 

•^Believe me, the time is coming when the people of our nation will be classi- 
fied according to what they have done for their country. The question today, 
of joining the ranks or standing aside, a co;vard, is merely one of personal -^ 
honor* Those v;ho refuse to come to us, are going to feel the consequences of 
their shirking. We are in a revolution., and every young and healthy Czech, 
should and must fight the tyrant. He who says that he is not concerned, that 
he can see no advantage for himself in suffering, is not only a bad Czech or 
Slovak~he is a reprehensible person; he is an egoist and a scoundrel of the 
first order. 






Ill H - 3 - BOHEU.IN 

I G 

Demii Hlasatel , July 24, 1918. 

•*7/hen the Czech National Theater in Prague was bein^ built, a peasant came 

along, and began to look at it with a smile of great gratification. ;Then 

he was asked why ho was gazing so intently, he answered joyfully: *Why, .^ 

this is my own brick. I* Dear comradesl We are building the temple of our 

national liberty. Is there anyone among us who does not want to be one of 

those individual bricks? 3 

^■■**^ 

I 

♦♦Our temple must, however, be built of stronger material than clay. Our o: 
republic must be iriade of rock. V/e Czech and Slovak soldiers, in whatever 
uniform v;e may be, must not lose sight of this* You dear boys especially, 
who are on your way to France to increase the numbers of our glorious Czecho- 
slovakian Army, should always behave in a manner appropriate to valiant soldiers. 

•♦Our Czechoslovakian detachment in the Canadian Army, to which I still belong, 
has accomplished all that it possibly could, even though there were only a 
handful of us* It propagandized effectively for our cause, made a good showing 






Ill H - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

I G 

Dennl Hlasatel ^ July 24, 1918, 

before the eneioy* I am informed that at present our detachment numbers two 
dead, and fifteen wounded* According to the latest reports, our boys in the 
Canadian Amy have joined the Czechoslovakian Army* I hope you will meet 
them there* 

"There were moments, particularly last fall, when some of us began to sink in 
body and in spirit under the burden of heavy duty and bitter fighting* We 
always remembered, however, that we were Czechs and Slovaks ndio were fighting 
that our country might live in freedom* Enthusiasm and love /pt our counti^/ 
stood us in good stead at such moments, and we did our duty without grumbling* 

**You willy no doubt, also experience such moods* This is only natural, and 
will occur especially during the first days of contact with the enemy* When 
gloom begins to descend upon you, remember why you are there* Do not leave 
yo\xr positioui obey your leader, and first of all, maintain an iron discipline* 
Always remember that you are not forsaken, that your comrades are behind and 
with you* Never allow yourself to become discouraged* Always be real. 



5--rf 



i 



Ill H - 5 - bohzi.:lin 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel. July 24, 1918. 

undaunted Taborites /soldiers of the Hussite arnie^T". 

**We who are returning, disabled, are going to see to it that you who follow 
us, will always be fore:nost in our consideration, and first to be rajriembered. 
I speak to you sincerely, as to ny comrades. I have no reason to conceal 
from you the fact that everybody is afraid to die. One /perso^ is more 
afraid, the other lesc During the first: days, before one gets accustomed 
to that do^'s life, the instinct of self-preservation will gain considerable 
hold upon you* We Czech soldiers should, however, remember one thing— that 
we are revolutionists. Y/e are soldiers of our oppressed Czech nation. '.Ve 
have heavier duties than any other soldier. ;Ve are out ':o win liberty for 
our nation—not to preserve libertyl 






**I am firmly convinced, and I trust unwaveringly, that the army of which v/e have 
become members, will not disappoint our nation, and that when this army has 
finally cleared its way to the former motherland, it will be welcomed gloriously, 



Ill H - 6 - BOHEMIA]^ 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , July 24, 1918 • 

royally. Do not be afraid to die for your homeland, for your nationl \7hen 
one is on the battlefield, one hardly has time for such thoughts* If a man 
is doomed to fall in battle, he will fall, without anybody's noticing it — 
cigarette in mouth, a smile on his lips— -that is how he will die for his 
nation, for his ideals. 

''Those of you who will be wounded, lightly or seriously, v/ill be carried avmy— 
to a place where medical science is working veritable miracles. You v/ill 
return to us, happy in the knowledge of duty performed, no matter how much you 
may have had to endure • Keep one assurance in mind--that you will not have to 
depend on charity* 

''We won't be coiamanders, true enough, cut we shall represent the will of a 
nation that will be respected and esteemed by all. Particularly in our Czech 
country, the soldiers in the national armj'- will be the core of moral strength, 
all of us, who have enlisted of our own free will and conviction. VVe do not 
intend to abuse our power. We shall, however, have grown Jto hej better and 



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Ill H - 7 - BOHSv'L^IT 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , July 24, 1918. 

more honest men. This will be the result of privation endured and danger 
braved. We shall thus lead our nation to liberty, freedom, and brotherhoodl 

^I sincerely hope that you may have a happy voyage, that you may be success- 
ful in combat, and that you may have a victorious return to the motherland, 
the future Republic of Czechoslovakia.^ 

V/e wish to thank all the generous individuals who contributed to the hospitality 
extended to our volunteers at the farewell party given for them last Saturday. 
[k list is given of the hosts and hostesses^ All the food was eaten at the 
supper, and nothing wa^^ left except some little sausages. The^^^'celky** (Little 
Bees) , ^Czech California" branch, were among the hostesses. Hot only did these 
ladies do a lion's share of the work, but they also collected $85.83 for tobacco. 
It was a beautiful affair, the memory of which will linger for a long time. 






Ill H B0H3I.!L^n[ 

II B 2 d (1) 

II D 10 Denni laasatel , LSay 8, 1913. 

I G 

HE?IES3:r?ATIV2S OF CHICAGO CaECII PR3S3 VISIT 

PROFIiSSOR LIASilHyi: 

Professor Tlionas G. Liisaryk's sojourn in Chicago ;7as of short duration. He came 

last Sunday afternoon and was given a turaultuous, magnificent vjelcome inconparable '^ 

to anything heretofore witnessed in our comnunity. This morning he left Chicago f 

on his v/ay to V/ashington, D. C. v/here the most important duties call him. f 

At the capital he will enter an ardent plea before the most influent isd authori- i3 
ties in behalf of Czechoslovak independence. He worked for this cause in an 2 
identical manner in Paris, London, Russia, and other citi.es and countries. Pro- ^ 
f essor l^saryk will present our government circles v/ith the most reliable infor- 
mation about the conditions in Austria with which he is more intimately acquainted 
than anyone else. The length of his stay in V/ashington is not definite; it may 
stretch over several weeks. 

Since the Professor will not be in a position, until he returns, to give his 



ro 



Ill H - 2 - B0H3;II.^I 

II B 2 d (1) 

II D 10 Deniii Illasatel , ::ay 8, 1918. 

I G 

fellow countryr.en here an outline of the work accomplished by hin during 
the past several years, he called representatives of the press yesterday to ex- 
press his appreciation for the reception accorded hiin by the public. This in- 
tiriiate interviov; took place in the Blackstone Hotel where Professor I.Iasaryk 
was stopping, and where he received a r^reat nany distinguished visitors in spite -'^ 
of the limited time. Those who paid him this call could not help noticing a ^ 
certain fatigue about the agsd iian, unquestionably the effect of the Liany inter- rf 
views he granted, nevertheless he devotod a full hour to us, an hour of friendly ^^ 
confabulation- that v;ill ever belong to our most precious meuories. Present at S 
the interview were Jindrich (Henry) Ort for the Denni Illasatel , a. V. Geringer !-^ 
and R. J. Psenka for Svornost, Thomas l:jpaus for Ilarod, and J. Novak for C5 

Spravedlnost , Attorney i^rel (Charles) Pergler, the Professor's insepai^able 
companion on his American tour was also present. Just before the group of Czech- 
American journalists entered. Professor Valliaia R. Harper, of the University of 
Chicago, had made a call. 

As mentioned before, our visit took on an infonaal character, and can hardly be 






Ill H - 3 - BOKSLXill 

II B 2 d (1) 

II D 10 Dennl Hlasatel , L!ay 8, 1918. 

I G 

classified as a typical interview. iMsairjk cones to us as a statesman on 
an important diploiiatic mission, and is, consequently, reluctant to answer certain 
questions. Vfliat LJasaryk imparted to us was no more or less than a handful of 
reminiscences fvon his propaganda v;ork of several years devoted to our ideals and 
cause. Some of thera were known to us and had appeared in the columns of our pa- 
pers before. Masaryk declined, at least for the time being, to play the pairb of 
a source of infoiroation. He desired, on the contrary, to obtain directive infer- ; 
mat ion on various details to serve him when in V7ashinr,ton. 









And right here his attention was called to a movement which is ever grov/ing, and :-'- 
the ultimate aim of which is nothing less than the suppression of all foreign- c^ 
language nev;spapers. Professor Llasaryk was entrea.ted by us to oppose this move- 
ment v;ith the entire weight of his influence. There cem be no doubt about the 
vigor, and the viinlent character of this movement. It v;as propagated by the 
Chicago attorney, Levy iviayer, at the governors* conference in New York, and by 
United States Senator Iling, tvom Utah, v/ho is preparing to propose a similar law. 
tfeisaryk's attitude on this question is purely rational. He believes in rigorous 



Ill II - 4 - BOHiavlIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

II D 10 Donni Hlasatel » Liay 8, 1918. 

I G 

censorship of the press in France, England, and the United States as well. 
At the same time he supposes that the govermaent recognizes the valuable service 
rendered by the loyal foreign-language press which forms a bridge between the 
government and an overwhelming majority of the imraigrant element. Ke assured his 
visitors that he would do his utmost to bring clarity to the viewpoint of the 
highest government circles in V/ashington. 



■"O 



Professor i:asaryk then spoke of our own Czechoslovak iimy, on which his activity 
is especially concentrated, '.iliat he chose to reveal was extremely interesting. 
Jtost of our volunteers, of which this army is composed, are in Russia at present. 
There were fully 50,000 in that country, all of them eagerly expecting to be ^ 
transported to the battlefields of France. Meantime this nuraber has surely in- 
creased hy another 50,000. The najority of the volunteers are fonjier prisoners 
of war taken by the Russians from the Austro -Hungarian ilrmy. In Italy, also, 
there are about 20,000 Czech volunteers. How many of them have been transferred 
to France by now cannot be definitely stated at this moment. Should IJasaryk 
succeed in providing means for the transportation of voliinteers, we coxild, 






i-. 



— J 



Ill H - 5 - BQlJaLHAN 

II 3 2 d (1) 

II D 10 Denni haasatel , IJay 8, 1918. 

I G 

within a short tine, boast of having several brigades in France. To 
achieve this ii3 one oi' the -prinary ains of Professor Ijasaryk's propaganda tour 
in the United States. The Allied govemi^ients have cheerfully agreed to pay for 
the upkeep of this army. 

The political action for the transfer of our volunteers nust be financed by vol- 
untary contributions. Political action without funds is unthinkable. T2ie illlies 
have, true enough, proffered financial aid to L^saryk. This was done indirectly, 
in editorials, booklets, and other journalistic nedia. I^sarj/k, however, de- 
clined the offer. He felt instinctively that to accept v;ould damage rather than 
benefit our cause. The heavier the sacrifices on our part, the more vje will be 
justified in our demands at the peace conference. The Czechoslovak ilrrny in 
Russia presented more difficulties than could be perceived at first glance, we ^ 
were told 

The Professor continued by giving us a brief description of the method and pro- 
cedure by which Czech soldiers in the Austrian .-^Jiiiy went over to the Italians 



o 



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Ill H - 6 - boh:b2:iai^ 

II 3 2 d (1) 

II D 10 Denni Hlas atel, I^ay 8, 1918. 

I G 

and Russians. .. .Cn one of these ocoasions Captain Fierlinger, then in the 

Czechoslovak Aany, "captured" his ov/n brother who wore the Austrian uniform 

The narration volunteered by Professor I^sar^^-k absorbed the rapt attention of the 
journalists. They regret that tliey cannot let the public Icnov/ everything that 
was said. C^ir leader asked the co-operation of the press, emphasizing, hov;ever, -^z 
"that behind every line that is printed, the cruel and tyrannical methods enployed ^ 
by the Austrian governI};^nt against the people that seeks liberty should be .^^ 
branded and pilloried as such" r* 

A painful, dolorous chapter froi;i the account of sufferings was touched when the 
Professor spoke of his daughter Alice v;ho had been kept in jail for nonths. The 
only reason that the Austrian governiaent did not go to tlie extreme limit of pun- 
ishing her for the "higli treason" with v;hich her fatiier was charged is to be as- 
cribed to the protest by /Uiierican woi.ien, led by I.iiss liary LIcDowell, well-loiown 
settlement social v/orker of tlie University of Chicago. In the face of their man- 
ifesto of indignation, even the Austrian government, which loiows neither shame 
nor mercy, had to capitiilate. "^ 



Ill H - 7 - BOIIEICTAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

II D 10 Dennl Hlasatel > Lfey 8, 1918. 

I G 

It v/as almost 8 P. LI. when we parted from the aged nan whose work will 
be properly appreciated some tine after the war is over. Vflien v/e put to him 
a last question, asking what else might be done toward Czechoslovak independence, 
he answered in the manner which is peculiarly his ovm: "Work along as you have 
up to the present or, rather, work still more persistently. Be good Czechoslovaks, 
and especially, be good Americans. These tv/o conceptions must be identified in 
you." 

Thus speaks Llasaryk. 






ro 



Ill H BOHI^>alAN 

I G 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Lay 6, 1918. 

IV 

AHRrVAL 2^D V'ELCCMING Gl^ 'XFIv UN30NQ.UER.iBLE NaTION^S 

DE^jIOGRixTIC L2;iDKR 
Thomas G. iMasaryic iu.iong Us — Czech Kevolationary Leader >: 

Addresses the People 

There never were jaornents inore i^irrin^^, festive, and glorious in the history -• 
of our people in injnerica than yesterday afternoon, v.hen the Czechoslovaks 
welcomed their beloved le^ider, their "Daddy," as he is fondly called, in a ; 
downright triumphal manner. This endearing, name "Daddy" is not a current, ^■ 
meaningless word just picked up on the spur of a mo.nent of elation. Destiny 
itself willed that Lasaryk should be called froin the high seat of learning 
in Prague to becoiiie the tribune at the head of hib oppressed nation, which 
yearn^j for liberty ana rescue from hapsburg slavery, xvlasaryk grew up Vvithin 
his nation; he has beco.ne its political apostlr3 and the leader of its proud 
revolutionary army. Such is his significance, grasped wherever sincere 
Czechoslovak hearts throb — yonder, in that quiet cultural corner at the foot 



crv 



Ill H - £ - BCHEMIaIT 



I G 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Lay 6, 1j18, 

IV 

of the ^ountainy Snezka, and the Cerchov, that laountain ever absorbed 
in deep thought, at the foot of the haughty Tatra /inoantains7> on the battle- 
fields of France anj Russia. It can fairly well be said of Llasarvr:, just as 
was said of the irnaortal Thomas Paine, v.hose prophetic words speali to us from 
the Declaration of Independence — that he was "nost beloved and laost laaligned," 

Declared a heretic by any haphazard ^xustrian henchnan, crucified by any chance 
official nincoifipoop, up to the lainibter of foreign affairs hi^nself , Count 
Czernin of ill repute, kasaryk rises before the gaze of his people to the 
heights of a national hero, takiinc over the sacred heritage froi.i Karel 
Havliceic Borovsicy, the Brixen /a tov-nT" martyr. Th^::re is notnin^: ..ithin the 
compass of human conception that this irjan wouIg not be ready to offer upon 
the altar of his op^^ressed people — thi^; .-nan, old in years, but an undaunted, 
unwavering fighter, a figure so ugile ^^na fresn, the very type of ancient 
gladiator. 

This is why the Chicago Czechoslovak colony v.elcomed *'Daddy'^ ..^asaryk with fiery 



Ill H - 3 - BGKIJLii; 



I G 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Ivlay 6, 1918. 

IV 

fervor, and in such nuj-ibers that yesterday'' afternoon sav; the p^reatest 
multituae of cur people ever gathered in ^uaerica. 






Only a fev. days have passed siiice our entire ooirjiunity was stirred up into 
hi^h anticipation by the news of i^lasaryic's coiiini;^, but how much has been ^ 
accomplished in preparing for the eventi :;o national festivity, or in- 3 

pressive deinonstration in our coj^imunily can compare v,ith the f'lorious demon- ? 
stration v.hich our people arranged for their leader yesterday. The "Loop o 
district," so empty on Sunday afternoons, was chaa^^ed, as if by iaa^;ic, into  
a sea of jubilant human beings, who thion^ed the streets, paralyzing every 
means of transportation. Traffic was completely disrupted, its lanes bein^T; 
exclusively reserved for the distinguished vitiitor unc his ;'uard of honor, 
which counted triousnnds in a colorfully arran^::ed procession — it was the Chi- 
cago Czech's and Slovak's day of celebration. 

The welcome given to liiasaryk fully equnlled that given the Belgian, s^rench, 
and British deputations before, although he came as a plain adherent of a 



Ill H - 4 - 3Qir-.:j.j: 

I G 

I G Denni IIlaSc.t^l , i^ay 6, 1918. 

17 

nation '..hich uill not receive it^' just ^ie^Uiiids or cone into its rights 
until the peace coaf ere.iceo. Lasaryk Cc^jie, sav-, , cuid conqidred. 

The ci-11 sent out by the reception C0:Xiittee to the Czechoi^lovaK people, and 
to reijresentati\e3 of other naticnalities, .let \ith a livelv res^}onse rroi:: 
all or::anizations, anc incividuals as Vvell. In spite of the short tine avail- 
able for preparatio.x, our organization^' appeared in full streni:th, all of 
then in national colors ana uith flags, 

Vh.n the hands of the cloclc v.ere aoproaching tv-elve, the n^^i^^hborhood of 
Madison and Qanal Streets., an'^ that of the Northwest em Depot, were rapidly 
beconing alive v.ith activity, ana the air reverberated v.ith the strains of 
nusic fron numerous bc!nds. TC\ erv streetcar headinf: toward the Northv.estern 
station v;as packed v.iih people. Bei'^ore the entrance of tie buildine,; a forest 
of flac-S and barkers had ^^ro^m up. 

The line of participants ia the reception reached as far as :achi:Tan 



Ill H - 5 - iiCH^uLJ': 

I G 

I G Denni Hlasatel , May o, 1918. 

Boulevard, to the Jlackstone Hotel, v;hare our v istin^tuishwd visitor v;as 
to stay. The parade v.as so v.ell arran^/ed that there was no nishap nor ais- 
order, and later it dissolved vith great precision ajcordin^ to previous 
instructions. The perfornance resembled a perfect drill. 

The Sokol organizations v.jre posted befo3 e the aeoot. They haa coiae in large 
nuiTibers, anc it was a real joy to .-^aze at these colorfally attired men v;ho 
represent our national guard. They were led by their chief, Jarka Kosar, and 
made a stately guard of honor, one purt of vriich wore red shirts, the 
other blue. Catholic anu olovak ookol organizations also were represented in 
large nujabers. It was a rally of the v.hole Jcriol faiaily. 

The station building was overcrowaed. There vere present ^^ests of other 
nationalities, dignitaries, numerous officials of the Federal Govermrient, the 
otate. Count ' ani-. City, anc^ representatives of the press. Liany visitors had 
come from Detroit, Cleveland, Cea i* r.ajjids, Siuux City, an., other tovms. 



*N5 



Ill H - 6 - BOH^IvIIaN 

I G 

I G- Denni Hlasate l, i.:ay 6, 1918. 

IV 

Professor Harry Pratt Judson, president of the university of Chica^:o, 
a most sincere friend or the Czechoslovaks, the French coniiul, ivx. Bartheliay, 
the Pussian consul, r,lr. Volkcff , ana the British vice-consul, i^x. Bernays, 
were amonti those in the v^aitiag rooius. 

AlJiiost every Chicago En^ilish-lanttuaee paper had sent a representative, and 
so had the Czech, Slovar:, Polish, Sloveni^j^n, Serbian, and possibly some 
other Slavonic papers. ;*iasaryk's visit v.as also given marked attention by 
various influential organizations, as for instance the Secuiity Lea^'ii^e, State 
Council of Defense, etc. Cur ov;n prominent fellov^ citizens ano public 
officials had made their appearance aLaost to a man, so that the reception 
for our guest v.as an extensive, general affair. 

The eager anticipation of the multitude ,'^rew from minute to minute. The 
train v,as due at 1:30 P.k. , but arrived seven minutes later. Attorney 
Karel (Charles) perrler was v.ith L^asaryk from the time of our leader^ s 
arrival at \ancouver. The Reverend I. Kestl, Dr. L. J. Fisher, ana 



Ill H - 7 - boh::mian 

I c 

I G Deaai rilasatel , I^av 6, 191G. 

IV 

Mr, Sohustek, had joined the two at St. raul, :,.iime5ota, I-ot until 
shortly before 2 r.M. did the i^ate leadin^T froui the v.aiting room to the 
station platl'orn open, and a limited nuiaber of representative raen v.ere al- 
lov.ea to cOi'ae out. x^asaryk^s arrival v. as announced by a ^'unsnot fired on 
a nearby truck. 

Every sincere Czech nnd Slovak heart quickens its beat at the inere sound of 
the words "Daady" I^lasaryk. How ifiuch Liore :;iust tnose have felt v.^io were able 
to approach our leacer, and^aze at his expressive fe?.itures, adiiiire his 
sriiile ana his lithe, elastic r:ait; 

Prof essor /jaroslaV Zfiirhal performed tae various introductions and presenta- 
tions, iklasaryk had a v.aria squeeze of the hand and a friendly ivord for every- 
body, -/hen he entered the waiting rooiii, a spontaneous, turbulent ovation 
was f:;iven him. The jubilant throngs formed a lane through vhich the venerable 
old knight of the defense against nustria strode to the sidewalk v.here u car 
was waiting;, a Si)ecial guard of honor was i.-^provised for hiia, quite 



Ill H - 8 - ECIiFJ,iI^< 






I G Denni Hlasalel , Lay o, 1918. 

IV 

unexpectedly, by a squac of sun-tanned iiL^rines v.ao had cor.ie on the sane 
train, c^iid v.ho, vievin;: the enthuL;i--.:.s..i of the crov.c , joiiiec In paying hOOS^ ^ 

a-::e, follov.in^: their intuition only, ^^ 

The exult^tiori of the masses reached the ni^iiect dtcji \.hci\ x^asaryki^G hev.d >;^ 

beC£Jie visible in the v.hirl of flags, \va\in(: hands, r.n.. Sokol cape tossed 5 

iiito the air. .-ifter tlie various di,t7nitarie3 an^ th-i :::e;:ibers of the arrange- CT' 

iiients coUi.ittoe had ta.cen their vdaces, the iii.-hty thron* be "*an ;riovinr' east ^ 

on .'..adison street. The processicii v.as htriaced by Solcols, anr. also butchers' -^3 

associations in the colorful >^;^rb of their uiia. Jzech and other orraniz:-- 
tions v.ith their ov.a bands for^aed the core of the line vhich moved in step 
v.ith the -'iusic. The paraae turned south on Jtate Street to i]i_hth Street, 
vvhere the Blaciistone iio"cel is located. Cn his triu.ip::.al ride r^asaryl-: v.as 
closely accoi-ii^aniod by i^^ederal dectecti'v os. Oonsiaerinr. what Geriian and 
Austri: n s^,ics laiJ iienca .en are capable of perpetratiny , one May readily 
find it advisable to provide protection against these creatures. 



Ill K - 9 - BOir^^i,:!^! 



T -> 

± o 



I G Deiiiii Hlc;satel , ...ay 6, 19 IB. 

I\ 

Very little caa be observed auring a Dnrade, even in a great metropolis 
like ours. The number oT participants is hard to guess; it is however esti- 
mated at between ?i:),^OU ana 100, QUO, There was one continaoub line from the 
railroad station to the notel. They v;ere all there, men, v/omen anc children. 
The little ones also formed u line L.lon;'* the otreet, throwinp; flov.ers in the 
path of our leader's car. i^^any of the children v-ere accompanieu by school 
teachers. Their loving tribute provio.ed a most emotional element in the re- 
ception. 

Thb crowd was eager to hear their leaaer say a few words. They v;ere disap- 
pointed \^ea i^asaryk rost, for it was only to pose for press photographers. 
The music played "The otar-Spangled Banner/' "Kde Domov l.luj" (j^y Homeland;, 
**Hej Slovane" (iiol wj^lavsl), ana the Slova.: anthem, '*]'ad Tatrou" (Above the 
Tatra). Everybody joined m the singing, whether he knew how to sing or not. 

Vojta Benes, organizer of the Czech National /-.lliance, addressed the crowds. 
His words were not audible to many, because of the wide space and a strong 






Ill R - 10 - BCH^JLuT 

I C 

I G Denni IlloSatel , x-iay 6, li:^lb. 

rj 

breeze. The applt.use v.hich follovv'ed vjas proof en:)U«0 of the effect ^ 

Benes^s words made uoou the hearts of sincere Czecnoslovaics. V-e print v;hat -v^ 

v;e could hear. >2:^ 

• 

"Ozechoslovalc people, Czechs and olovalisl It was the hard-working, plain ":^ 
man v;ho understood, when the call for help CL^Tie to us frorr; the old hOxTieland. 3i 
li^iners ana fRr:aers followed the call thut ca:ne froiii iMasaryk. They joined in 
the action and were followed by thousancis of cthero. These people have an 
opportunity to welcoine the raan who encouraged theia in the struggle, and v/ho 
has become their leaaer. Dear "Daddy," your head is gray, but v;e shall feel 
that all is well as lonp- as you are with us. ^vlthouf'h .^asaryK has risen far 
above us, he has always felt attached to the plain people, lie does not look 
down upon tn^^u, but uplifts theia to his own level, to his ideals that flame 
from the lives of uur patriots. Liberty ani the idea of iucependence for our 
people j.lw'ays occupied the foremost place in their minds, 

"i.iasaryk was ihe first to appeal to the Czechs in ^jnerica, and under his hand 






Ill 11 - 11 - BQiT-ia.j: 

I c 

I G Denni Hlasate l, Llay 6, I^JIB. 

IV 

those lerions beraii to p:rovv \.liich now for:i the Czechoslovak ^-tr:riv in 
Frixnce and Kussi^. These lej-ions b'^:!Ca::ie ia:.iOL;o--so to speak — over night, -c 

at the very be^rinnin^ of their existence. This has bt-en evidenced by the ^ 

Salutes coiain,: iro.:i the ^:;^a\e5 o:' our heroes to t Thousands or Czechs and p 

Slovaks. Thousanas of our people are v.elcoininc you today, '^Daddy" dear, ^ 

ana they hope tiiat your v.orK for liberty v.ill be crov.ned v;ith success. I 
Vi^elcOiiie you, rrofessor, in the naiuO of thousands of Czechs cind Slovaks, 
\\ishin^ that you viuuld finci your well-oeserved rest among us after three c- 

years of hard v*orn. *. e uish that the bud of your work bloOi/i into the j>^ 

beautiful flov.-er v.xiich iiieans liberty for the subju£;ated people." 

These are about the words spoken by ..j". Lenes. a11 of us re::eruber hov* nany 
tiiaes he was interrupted by bursts of applause. Certainly no Czech or Slovak 
doubted that these words caiae froi.i his heart. 

ProfesL^or Jaroslav r^inrhel, iiie..iber of the reception coTi^ittee, presented Pro- 
fessor Harry rratt Judsoa, president of the L'niversity of Chicago, who extended 






»-, > 



-JL 



III H - 1:j - BOIlliJiaiJI 

I C 

I Gr Denni Klasatel , IJay 6, 1918. 

IV 

a hearty v.elcoue to rTofessor Liasciryk. Me spoke in effect as follov.s: 

'^Dear Professor LiasorykJ I v;elco:.ie you in tne name of the universities of 
this country, and in the naiae of the public, I v^elcojie you, ;vho are the 
leader of a nation Vvhich v.e rznov. and hold in high esteeia. V.'e ioiov; the his- 
tory of the Czech and the Slovai^ people. '.7e Liay justly state that there 
are no better citizens thaii those who have coi.ie frcn your country. They are cz: 
most loyal to this land. The starry banner is foi th^-id the very symbol of ^- 
deiiiocracy, at the altar of v.hicii they offer the lives of thousands of their 
sons. \:e feel confident thut your work v.ill nave results, and bring to your 
people v;hat is the most precious poLisession o:' this country, liberty and jus- 
tice, of v\.hich Czechs have ever been the staunchest prota^/onists. '"e are ex- 
tending our fullhearted greetings to you, and assure you that America vdll do 
everything; in its power to promote the sublime cause personified by you.'^ 

As a reward for these few but si'*nificant words, rTofessor Juason was acclaimed 
by the huge ^f;athering in the most ent.husiastic i.ianner. Our people surely 



o" 



Ill H - 13 - BOHEadlAN 

I C 

I G Denni Hlasatel , May 6, 1918. 

IV 

grasped the import of the speaker's vwords, for they came from his 
heart. 

rr. Ludwig J, Fisher, chairman of the Czech National Alliance, introduced 
Mr. A. Mamatey, chairman of the Slovak Lea^jue, who expressed a v^ish that 
found an echo in every one's heart. ''Friends!," he exclaimed, "The only 
wish I harbor is that our tyrants across the ocean could see us at this 
moment and realize our sentiments. Then they surely would not speak any 
more of 'lack of solidarity' among the Slavs. These times call for united 
action. We are bending our efforts toward independence of Czechs and 
Slovaks. This day is devoted to work. V^e are welcoming Professor LuasaryK, 
we Slovaks, and the Czechs, our nearest blood relatives, v^ith whom we are 
fighting for an independent Czechoslovak state. Professor Masarykl V/e 
wish most sincerely that yoa may enjoy the fruits of your work in our midst 
for many years to come." 

Our brothers, the Slovaks, broke out into turaultuous shouts of approval, and 



Ill H - 14 - BGHiLia/JT 

I G 

I G Denni Hlasatel , May 6, 1918. 

IV 

so aid the Czechs. This c;eiiionstrc..tion reached a cliinax v/hen '^s, a, 
CajarC, fro:ri the Slovak: societies, presented xTufessor lUasaryk i«vith a floral 
offerinr;. 

The Reverend ?. Jedlicka v-elcomed our distin^aished guest in the name of the 
Czech Catholics, and v/hs follov*ed by i»;r. Tony Novotny, for the Czech social- 
ists anc. VvorKine^aen. rointinr. to history, Ix. Ilovotny declared that c^eat 
men have alv»ays been persecuted by the enemies of oui' nation. **One such man 
is lidasaryk, \jhom v^^e have in our ^riidst now. His ideals represent also the 
ideals of the Czech socialists. '» 

Professor Zmrhcl spoke in the p:n,:-'lish lan^'uage, v.elcomint"; our c^est in the 
name of resident Czechoslovak: men ana women. He assured iiim of ^caerican 
help in the promotion of his ideals, and declared tiiat Czechoslovaks will 
prove to be conscious of their duty. Just as the iimerican flaf^. is nov; united 
with the Czech colors, so iuaerica will stnnd up for Liasaryk. ivlrs. Lary 
Stolfa, for Czech woinen^s orr;-anizations, spoke in a similar trend. 



Ill H - 15 - Boino:;^^ 

I G 

I G Denni Hlasatel , 'J,ay 6, 191S* 

IV 

All unforgettable moment cairie v.hen professor ivlasaryk rose to address 
the Lvaltitude. Eagerness to he^iP hiiri speak had been repre-sed up to that 
instant. It discharged itself veheraently in turbulent acclaim. Some may 
have felt disappointed because he began in En^rlish, but ht used the Czech 
language later on. He ac;dre3sed hiiLself to Professor Judson first. 

"Dear Professorl The honor conferred upou me by your presence here reminds 
me of former times ;vhen I was frequently given the opportunity to speak at 
your university en the principles anc ideals for Vi/hich v;e fight and ;vork tV* 
today. i..y lectures, v.hich I gave through the good offices of nX. Crane and 
the University of Chicago itself, v;ere only a sort of political prophecy 
by way of mention then, but the problems tre^ited in them are acute novj. I 
a.ii convinced that sane anu sincere politics must have a scientific founda- 
tion. Real democracy is actual peace, pure txiia simple. You, ay aear Profes- 
sor, have called us Czechoslovaks ^'ood citizens of this country. I assure 
you that we are. V/hy? V.'e did not come here merel / in search of our daily 
bread. 7.e came to this land of liberty for something else, too, something 



r-^» 



Ill H - 16 - BOH'ilivIlAN 

I G 

I G Denni Hlasatel , .^ay 6, 1918. 

IV 

more sublime. V.e came here because of our desire for liberty and inde- 
perideuce, these tv;o treasures v^.ich cire iijaerica's cherished possession." 

Suddenly, unexpectedly, the a^ed man turned to our representatives, address- 
ing thc-iri in our dear iiiother tongue: "Czechs, brothers, Czechs ano Slovaksl 
I do not knov. what I should tell you, for I have said much alreeidy, yet there 
is something that I ivould like to mention. I Wiiit to confess — I should like 
to tell you how I Joined our political movement. 

"You knov. hovi, ii.iiaediately after the war broke out, they began to oppress us 
in Bohemia. v;e were not allowed to hold meetinr.s or councils; nev^spapers 
were confiscated and suppressed, {gatherings broken up. That was the way 
the Austrian officials treated us. I was in Germany at that time, on my way 
to France ana Englanu. I returned to Bohemii, and the first thing I saw 
there was our Czech soldiers refusing to serve against Russia. I took the 
cue from them, and reasoned like this: If these soldiers dare to do such a 
thing, then it must be my auty, as their representative in parliar.ient , to do 



;_i. 



Ill H - 17 - BQH:i:La/J^ 

I G 

I G Dennl Hl^i^Litel , AiUy u, 191b. 

IV 

lil-cevcise. ^nC so I be£^;:n to make revolutions arainst r^ustrij;. This 
is part oi' i.iy auiian /lature, 

"I shoulc iil<ti to tell /ou about 3zernin*s mendacity. He had the cheek to 
contend that Czech mothers ao not ^mpport the revolution a£]:aiiist iiUi:;trial 
I have recei\ed numerous letter^' frora Czech i.iotherc v;hich brand Czernin's 
contention a falsehood. I offer one such letter as an exai.iple for others. 
It reaas: * Your dac is already buried, Linci so is your brother — and you are 
still not in the Czechoslovak! ^a-iyl * This letter \.--iS written to her son 
in Russia. It shov.s the attitude of Czech ..lOtners, in v.hoir. rests the 
stren,^:tu of our entire nation. 

"I caiiie fro.:. Russia, wheie I said g..od-by to soLie 5u,000 Czecn soldier boys, 
who ;vere fully enuippea, and vjaitinr to be speedily transferred to the battle- 
fields in France. To accelerate this trv-nsfer is my tasK here in iurierica. 
I v;as proifiised that an ac.aitional fifty taousana men will be i'ei:dy within a 
reasonable len-jth of tim-. This is goijig to answer Czernin's contention." 



•T 



Ill H - 18 - 30H-l«I;a-I 



I G 



.v> • 



I G Denni Hlasatel , Lay 6, 191 

IV 

The erfect of the v^ords of our dearest leader v;as i^iiaense. *. aves of ^ 

Soiiol caps, hats, hands, an.- handiccr chiefs v;ent up into the air. Handicer- z 

chiefs first, before the people had dried the tears in their eyes and could :: 

utter cries of enthusiasiii. '^iiae Doiaov i.luj" closed this gigantic dSiTionstra- r 
tion which vjill never faae froi.i our memories. 



-c 



Professor x^asaryk vvas escorted to the door of his hotel by a Sokol i^iard of 
honor and police. Hot until then did the throngs be^^in to ^jisperse, confi- 
dent that the nan whose coining they had so eagerly anticipated v;ould now c? 
be able to enjoy rest in perfect safety. 



CO 



Ill H BOKEl'LUI 

I G 

Denni Klasatel . I. ay 2, 1913. 

•TO THE CZECH PEOPLE OF CHICAGO 
For a Festive Reception of Llasaryk 

V/e, delegates of all Czech organizations of Chicago, gathered in a neeting ^ 

called by the Czech National Alliance for April 50 in the hall of Sokol 5 

Havlicek-Tyrs, in v;hich vie joyfully resolved to arrange for a triumphant t:::. 

reception for the gi'e^'test :.ian of our nation, our "Daddy" Llasaryk* p 

Kerb Sunday afternoon, shortly before 2 P.Iv:., a train v/ill arrive at the 5 
Northwestern Station, bringing to us a group of men. iUnong ther-i v;ill be 
our leader, whon v;e are going to v/elcone by an ovenvhelmingly enthusiastic 
manifestation of love and pride. Czech Chicago is going to demonstrate JS 
hov/ deep-rooted is its love and devotedness for the tortured Czech nation* 
Let us v^elcome ?♦ G. I.Iasaryk again, after his many years of absence from 
Chicago, and let the v;orld knov; ho;/ \^e prize those :7ho are dearest to us* 



10 



Ill H - 2 - BOimiL\IT 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , Lay 2, 1918 • 

He will cone among us as the chief of the Czechoslovak Aimy — an army which 
has already earned the admiration of the world, and is going to win still 
mo3?e glory. Pie vras knovm to us in former years when he was aiaong us, a 
dear old friend whose heart and beautiful soul we have lone since learned 
to love. 



-T3 



Czech children, Sokols, women, and organizations, workmen, and all others ^ 
of you who sent us to that meeting at Sokol Eavlicek-Tyrs Plall, all you S 
Czechoslovaks, hear ye: cr 

The tine being too short, we have not been able to address ourselves to our 
community except in this v/ay. V/e are confident, however, that our Czech 
and Slovak people will come in tens of thousands, and that the afternoon 
of next Sunday will be one never to be forgotten. 

v;e request all participants to provide themselves vath small American flags. 



Ill H - 3 - BOESLILAJ^ 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , Lay 2, 1918. 

The Sokols are expected to appear in their attire, just as will the organi- ^ 
zations of our butchers. All flags carried in the parade should be preferably >• 

/'iinerican flags. All information on arrangements v;ill be published in our ^ 

dailies. Places v/ill be accurately designated, so that every group will C 

know where to take its stand. Professor Llasaryk will ride through Liadison ^ 

Street, then on lAchigan Boulevard to the Blackstone Hotel. Everj'' organi- 2 

zation will form a group about its own leader. Only fimctionaries of large ^ 
bodies will form a separate group v/hich will greet Professor Llasaryk at 
the entrance to the railroad station; they will wear special sashes. 

}ie entreat all of you to help give our leader a royal welcome. 

Chicago, L:ay 1, 1918. 



/^. 



Translator's note: A list of the organizations is omitted in translation.7 






Ill H BOHBIIIAII 

III B 2 

III C Denni Illasatel , Apr. 30, 1918. 
I G 

IV TO TrlS CZECHOSLOVAIC PEOPLE 

(Suraniary) 

'^Great, glorious tidings have arrived in the metropolis of Czechoslovak America, 
.ifith joyful hearts we are making the announcement to the Czech and the Slovak 
people that our beloved 'Daddy* Llasaryk, the * Grand Old llan/ dear to every 
Czech and Slovak heart, has arrived on American shores, to be welcomed in a 
few days by thousands of his loyal people. 

"After the terrible days of the Bissian Revolution, which he endured with grief 
in that country itself; after a lordly sojourn among Czechoslovak soldiers in 
the Russian Airoy; after times of privation and suffering, this dear old man has 
come to be greeted by us. We shall gaze at the kindly countenance and listen to 
his energetic message on the pursuit of our struggle. 



Ill H - 2 - B0HIi2^iIAJJ 

III B 2 

III C Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 30, 1918. 

I Gr 

IV "The *Ertipress of Asia,* v/ith Professor ThOLias G. Llasaryk aboard, 
arrived in Va^icouver, British Coluiubia, on April 29, after a voyage 

of ten days. Our leader will step off the train at the Northv/estern Station, 
Liadison and Canal Streets, this Sunday at 2 P, LI, He v/ill be accompanied by 
l«Ir. Charles Pergler, who went to Vancouver to welcome him to our American soil. 
Three Chicago leaders are at St# Paul, Minnesota, for his reception. They are 
Dr. Ludvik Fisher, president of the Czech National Alliance, Reverend John 
Kestl, president of the National Alliance of Czech Catholics in America, and 
Lir.-O. Schustek, president of the Slovak League..... 

^^iJe have been fighting for three long, hard years in Ivlasaryk^s name. For three 
years tlie value of his work was doubted, and his aiias were snubbed. Now the 
moment has come when there will be an end to slights and checks, when we shall 
look into his eyes and soul, when tens of thousands will welcome him on the 
streets of Chicago. 

*^Thomas Garigue Llasaryk, our pride and our strength, our hope and our pillar: 



Ill H - 5 - BQH5MIAN 

III B 2 

III C Dernii Hlasatel , Apr» 30, 1918. 

I G 

17 Hail to Thee! 

**We shall receive him in a manner befitting a king, as a representative of our 
nation — of that tortured nation, of that fighting nation, of that nation that 
cannot be conquered in its great, sacred love for its rights and liberty • V/e 
shall greet him as the leader of the revolutionary Czechoslovak Amy of 
liberty 

'*We are appealing to Czechoslovak Chicago to participate in the mass meeting 
which will be held next Sunday at which our people will loudly proclaim their 
loyalty to our nation. Let the streets from the Northwestern depot to Llichigan 
Boulevard be lined with our peopleI,.,,Let this wonder in the Czechoslovak 
history of America become a reality that we can see our leader here in personl., 



fT 



Arrangements for the festive reception will be discussed in a meeting at the hall 



* III H - 4 - BOEEMIAIn; 

III B 2 

III C Denni Klasatel . Apr. 30, 1918, 

I a 

IV of Sokol Kavlicek-Tyrs on April 30, and leaders of our organizations 
will be present. 



Ill H BOHSIvILiN 

Denni Hlasatel, liar. 16, 1918. 

I... JIB r - - ^m -r T — ^ ' 

(SuTiunary) 

The Chicago Journal printed another article yesterday on the Czechoslovak 
cause* It will surely be appreciated by every man with humane feelin.^s. 



I i 



c:; 



Ill H bohsi:lvn 

III B 2 

III C Denni Hlasatel , Mar. 7, 1918. 

CZECH GATHGLIOS 

It seems that the 3t. Cyrill and Methodius Branch of the National Alliance 
of Czech Catholics in America will do better than it has up to the present; 
in other words, this Branch will take a more active interest in the movement 
for Czechoslovak independence. It is time for us to get into action and 
work in harmony, to stop walking to the left when the other fellow is going 
to the right. This only hampers co-operation and impedes the progress of 
necessary and important work. How many meetings have been held in the 
Czech-American Hall, the headquarters of the National Alliance of Czech Catho- g 
licsl How many patriotic people have expended their energies in behalf of ^ 
our sacred Czech causel Yet there is no unity in our actions. 



o 



An exchange of petty grievances, and a certain antagonism have been rampant 
among some of our women's associations for a number of years. This obstructs 
the path to beneficial co-operation. The Lord vail, let us hope, work a 
change in these conditions. V/e are confident that the ladies of our Czech 
Catholic organizations will forget the past and get together to accomplish 






Ill H - 2 - 

III B 2 

III G Denni Klasatel, L&r. 7, 1918, 



BOIIELLiN 



somethinc useful for the liberc;tion of cur ensl&ved homeland and for our 
dear Czech brothers and sisters abroad. 

In our ineeting at the Czech-^^'ierican liall v;e v;ere informed of the invitation 
to co-operate v.lth the bazaar coiamitteeG. This call came from the Czech 
National ^vlliance and the National alliance of Czech Catholics. Our Branch 
immediately called a meeting for the next ^unday evening, a meeting that was 
filled by members of almost every association of our district, Tov;n of Lake* 
Vk'e decided to open a tent of our own at the bazaar. Our branch distributed 
booklets in which any gift contributed to the bazaar was checked, while 
white slips were handed the donors as receipts. The treasurer, Lrs. Llarie 
Vones, 500 South Hermitage ^vvenue, v;as in charge. 

All gifts were stored free of charge by our meraber, I.:rs. iOitonia Sereda, 
5026 South Hermitage .vvenue. She is one of our most devoted w^orkers for the 
cause. The officers of our Branch are requesting collectors, men and women, 
to deliver gifts at the addresses mentioned above. V.e wish to explain that 
the reproach contained in the introduction of this article is not meant for 



*. '^ 



Ill H - 3 - B0HZ:.LIIT 

III E 2 

III c Denni Hlasatel , Lar, 7, 191B. 

our young girlG' ^^^roups, for they have alv;ays responded to any call from 
our Branch of the Catholic . alliance, and v;e >moVv that they v;ill continue in 
their endeavor^ 



Ill H BOEEI^I^ 

III B 2 

I a Denni ELasatel. Mar. 3, 1918. 

KSIilTING FCR CZECHOSLOVAK LffiiDr^H^J.-DilKCS 

In these times, when the German hordes have invaded Russia, and the Austrian 
slavers* army is swari:iing over the Ukraine and the big cities that once were 

the camps of our glorious armj'-, and where, in the land of the Volga, tens of 
thousands of Czechs are settled — in these times our people in the motherland, 
true to their traditions, spe:ik to the world in words consonant v;ith the 

proiuptins of their conscience. 

Their voice is smother-^d; Czech papers cannot raach the outer v/orld to deiaon- 
strate the determination and courage of the Czechoslovak people, they are sup- 
pressed by the Austrian censor. 

Our workers for Czechoslovak independence have succeeded, nevertheless, in 
obtaining a document of great value, the Narodni Li sty (National Newspaper), 
in wViich the gigantic demonstrations of the masses of workers and the statements 
by Czech represent^^tives in the parliament are described. 



Ill H - 2 - BOH^/im 

III B 2 

I G De nni Hl asatel> ^lar. 3, 1918* 

We are also in possession of a proclanatioa issued by the Austrian prime 
minister by authority of jlmperor Karl. This proclamation and the Czechs* 
answer to it should be heard by ev3ryone# V/e nuzt so3k to make this procla- 
mation and its answer knovm in Vi/ashington, so that the voice of the Czech 
people will influence the peace overtures made to the Gtoverniaent of the 
Unit9d States by the Austrian minister, Count Czemin* 

To this end the Czechoslovak people will hold a demonstration Tuesday evenings 
Speeches will be given in Czech, Slovak, and Snglish^ The position of our 
people, their attitudes and demands, will be discussed in the presence of 
representatives of the iilnglish-language press. From this m ^eting resolutions 
will be sent to the President and to other governmental officials. The pro- 
clamations of Count Czernin, minister of foreign affairs, the Austrian premier, 
and, of course, the report on the manifestations of the Czech people and their 
reprasentativei, will also be sent out* 

It is evident that this meeting should play an extreme^ v important role in 



Ill H - 3 - BOHSIuIAIi 

III B S 

I a Dennf Iilasatel, Mar. 3, 1918. 



'■•.t 

•* -» 



securing the liberty of our Czechosloval: people. It vdll bo shovm that the 
Czechs and Slovaks of iimerica are ready to support their nation in the old 
horaeland, because it demands only v/hat is recognized by general principles p 
to be the ripjit of all nations, liberty, independence, and self-deteriaination* 
3y the declaration of its representatives our nation proclaims that it in- ;^' 
sists that its demands for independence should conform with the slogan, **Liber- 
ty or Death*\ The demonstration will begin at 8 P* LU, Tuesday, in the audi- 
torium of Sokol Kavl£cek:-Tyrs, 86th Street and Lavmdale Avenue, and is spon- 
30T<id by the Czech National Alliance, the National iUliance of Czech Catholics 
and the Slovak League* 



v^- 






Ill H BCHa..Lj-: 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel, Feb* 5, 191S. 

TE3 CZLSCHOSLCV.^C /iPJl'uDA 

(Samtiarj' of Editorial) 

''As long as v;e did not have an army, we used to hear ignorant or malevolent 
people jTiaking remarks which disseminated distrust among our ranks in our ^ 
movement* Leaders were accused of a lack of understanding of our needs* The "^ 

call for an army became audible* The untiring v;ork of the Cesko-Slovenska ^ 
Narodnl Hada (Czechoslovak National Council) succeeded in drawing the interest C 
of the entire world to our cause, aiid finally the creation of a Czechoslovak ^ 

Army was permitted* We would anticipate with joy some composure in our camp; E 
we would welcane more vigorous action, more sacrifices, the awalcening of 
justified consciousness and self-assertion* 



(TJ) 



CTi 



^Yet, there are still some people who, for reasons incomprehensible to us, 
feel incapable of joining those who, urged by sacred inspiration, take up 
arms and go across :he ocean to defend the rights to liberty of our nation. 






Ill H - 2 - 

I a" 

Denni HI -is at el, ^eb. 5, 1918. 

to tre-.ik th'3 fetters ror/jod aro^ind the nocks of our brothors by the C^rrian- 
L.'ii^v^.r hordes. 



"Thous-inds of our lierocs fell; thousands -..re sti]l --.livo and •:lt'iou.::h t-^eir 
health 3 un lerr.ined , t'ao^^ have a onile on their lirs i^ocause the" fool 
blo'JSBd b;; th") conscioDsnoss of a aut;; rulfilJed. \,hi cai s irk at the sir-ht 
of these heroes? 



*'Our nilit' ry -iCtlo: is on the ri -lit true'" and on a firr: founl:..-:ioa. If 
there should see:: to be shartco;- i'V*s hero or t\.er-2, co not becor.e ercited 
and cor.derji th3 ;;hole '.etior, b"i;t air.t at or ..dvise in; roveuent; , and t/.us 
becorie p :.rticipants in the ::roat v.-or:-' -.v-iich is ;'oir.;' to turn cut better 
the r.ore r-ood  sonle kee- it in rin '■ -nd further it 

*^Do not disappoint the confidence of ^ur a.tion — the n ;tio:: va;icn is "^ -ttlin^ 
in the old ho :eland, hopia': and trjstin'* th- t our y:>uni ; rien, ^ur volunteers, 



o 






f 



III H 



- 3 - BOEHLMIATI 



I G 

DenJii laasatel . Feb. 5, 1918. 

will come and smash its prison with their strong, honest hands. 

""The Czechoslovak Army is the flov;er of the best and most valiant sons of our 
nation. Hasten, and join their ranksl" 






en 



Ill H 

I G 

III B 2 Denni Illasatel , Dec. 30, 1917. 

FOR CZECIIOSLOTiUC IIDBPEIDHTICE 



BOIIELIIAIJ 



WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 



It is true that Czechosloval: independence has not yet been officially pro- 
claimed. Nevertheless, that independence is assured, if we do our duty to 
our a.vn nation and to the -c'lllies. Of v/hat does that duty consist? It neans 
maintaining voluntary but rigid discipline. A sense of that duty is the 
guide for those who strive for moral and rational perfection. It can be under- 
stood by those v/ho are capable of responding to a suggestion from their 
organization. One of our duties is to pay our national head tax. Only people 
who are spiritually dead and who are void of self-consciousness will consider 
their nation a beggar for alms. 

One of our foremost duties is certainly military organization. Every nation 
that wants liberty must fight for it and pay the price in blood. After centu- 
ries, vie can again shoulder arms under our ovm flag. 

A nation that ventures upon revolution and v/ants to be considered a sovereign 



Ill H - 2 - BOIEI.IIAII 

I a WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 

III B 2 Denni lUasatel , Dec. 30, 1917 • 

state must create a regular anny of its ovm, in order to prove that it is 
vital and nature enough to merit the right of self-deterniination. 

The Czechoslovak National Co^oncil has been empowered to organize a military 
force, with the consent and express will of our nation. Our nation is united 
in the old homeland and beyond its borders. The Czechoslovak National Council 
began its highly responsible task by proclaiming a general mobilization of the 
Czechoslovalcs. Everyone who calls himself a real man must respondl 

It is easy to forget the hardships of a few months. But the shame of treason 
committed against one's people will haunt one's posterity like a curse. 

V/e must not fight anonyraously in the various armies of the Allies. V/e should 
fight alongside them, as a compact military unit and under our oivn commandl 
This 7/ill mean to us an open recognition of our right to our demands. 

If our nation did not rise in its full strength, that would be tantamount to 
branding its forehead with the sign of inferiority and cowardice] Its very 



III B 2 Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 30, 1917. 

fate for centuries is in the balance. Therefore, every man to the fronti 
Let v/omen take the place of men, and children work at horael 

Every honest patriot belonrrs to the nation in the first, and to the family in 
the second place. If he beco::io3 one of our soldiers, he v;ill be under the 
protection of the French Republic and v;ill enjoy the same privileges as the 
soldiers of the French ariv enjoy. In order that ho may not lose His spirits 
in v/orrj^inf^ about the needs of his people at home, his family is assured of 
support. Besides this, our Auxiliary v/ill also attend to soldiers* families. . 

Those v;ho v;in liberty for our nation v;ill have a voice in its organization. 
The nation will not only chronicle the naines of its faithful sons, but it will 
also talie care of them. 

Those desiring more detailed information about the Czechoslovak ilrmy in France 

are referred to the Czechoslovak Committee 3743, V/. 26th Street, Chicago, Illinois. 



Ill H BCggLgM 

I G 

III B 2 Denni Hlasatel > Dec. 29, 1917. 

ATT APKAL Tu OUR RjIADDHS V/HO y^.Y2 NOT T^T DOlIii: TH2IR DUTY 

The new year is approaciiing. The events of the past twelve months make us 
hopeful that the new year will bring us better luck than the olcU Ilany a 
change will take place, ./e are determined to make up for our neglect. Our 
conscience tells us to do our duty both to our native Czech land and to those 
who are battling for its liberty, 

V/e wonder whether or not we shall forget our patriotic organization, the Czech 
National Alliance. V/e ponder whether we shall hesitate to send in our dues, 
which are only a dollar, or shall pay more, according to our circumstances. 

Countless numbers of our fellow citizens have been giving this their attention 
for fully three years. Has any one of us neglected his patriotic duty, during 
the past three years? Has he forgotten to join the ranks of the thousands of 
xvilling workers and contributors in the Czech patriotic movement? These 
workers were motivated by a sense of duty that could not be made non-existent 






CD 



CD 



Ill H - 2 - BQHSLIL^^ 

I G 

III B 2 Denni Illasatel , Dec* 29, 1917. 

by its neglect. 

Hundreds of our Czech-^unerican boys have already left for Europe to join the 
ever-increasing^ ranl-cs of the Czechoslovak Army. This unit is a guarantee that ^i 
the Czechoslovaks and their land shall not be forgotten at the peace conference ^^. 
and that this people shall, in fact, be reneinbered as long as this world existsl ^_ 



Not everyone follows the example set by patriotic workers; not everyone becomes ^ 
inspired v/ith a nanly deterriination; and not everyone heeds the call to the o 
ranks of the Czechoslovak ^Vrmy. 



CO 



Some may not heed the call to become volunteers. However, there is no reason <-n 

for their disregard of our appeal to them to join the serried ranks of the 
Czech National Alliance. 

V/ho prefers to be called a "slacker^? Send in your dues today! 



Ill H BOIISraAN 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 29, 1917. 

IV 

OUR WO GUESTS 

(Summary) 

Two highly esteemed men have arrived among us. Tonight they will be welcomed at 
the auditorium of Sokol Chicago. The meeting will be an occasion on which 
Czechoslovaks of Chicago will express their gratitude to France, our great sister 
republic. 

Our guests were sent to us by our brothers who now fight for our cause in Russia. 
They are representatives of the Russian branch of the Czechoslovak National 
Council. They are among us at the very moment when we are gaining a great diplo- 
matic advantage in the recognition of our Czechoslovak Army in France as a compact 
military unit. This army guarantees the recognition of our right to an independ- 
ent Czechoslovak state. 

V/e want to proclaim openly our everlasting gratitude to France. We want to join 



TTT 



•^ ^ 



Y^'" 
^^j. 



Ill B 2 



I G Denni :.l:,.3ato . , .:ec. ::9, 1917. 

r/ 

our ::ucsu3 in eioinc this. V.'c '.icsit, at tlio sj-.:c ti...c, to jro .Ise our 
young G::oc.iOslov:.l. brotliers Ti " litinr; in ..a:s3ia tliat ;vg v;ill co-oper::tc und 
lieli: tliCLi in the iif]it for tlie liberation or the G::c cI:o:jlova:. nctionl 

Toni/,Iit, t. en, all Gzeclio and jlovahs, ..tule or lonalc, ou^ju^t to be in the hall 
of :5ohol -^hicar.ol Let our dear ru^sts, after their Ion;: jouimoy froi. Liberia 
acix)G3 the i.:.cific Ocean to .u.ioric, he ..Glcoi..e a^aiii u_^on ^i^echoGlova.. ^j.rou::dI 
Lot us G2^^"-t then v;hol one art eclh:^ :xnC 'ith brot'icrl;; lovcl "-*^hey have co:ic to 
v;or-. r^ionr U3, to a::uhen cur feelings in a decisive j.io...ont, and to en^iiouraae us. 
he are to testify to the old CzoCi. proverb txiut ^'./liat is united by iiearts can- 
not be sojaratcd oven by the oceani " 



IT 



7e arc a virile r^art of the ru^eat :)atriotic Mov^^r.cnt of our nation, which is a 
rreat n-.tion through the sacrifices of its sons and daughters in Gzeciiosaovah 
lands and in hussia. Cur sons and dau'^iters '•■ho have aiven their blood and their 



.; 






Ill H - 3 - BQHELIIM 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 29, 1917, 

IV 

lives to save the Czechoslovak nation from destruction have given our 
nation hope for the future. 

Let us welcome those who represent both the ex-prisoners and the contributors of 
vast suras of money for our patriotic aims, while they themselves were in 
desperate circumstances. Those men and women paid the national tax joyfully and 
proudly with their blood and with their lives. 

All of you should welcome our brothers from far-away Russia today. All 
Czechoslovak volunteers are to assemble at the home of Sokol Havlicek-Tyrs. 
From there the parade will proceed to the home of Sokol Chicago, South Kedzie 
Avenue near 23rd Street. 

Yesterday we had the pleasure of receiving the tv;o guests at our offices. 
Zdenek Firlinger, captain on the staff of the Czechoslovak Army, and Siitor Jan 
Jancek were introduced by Mr. Kubec, chairman of the Czechoslovak Comraittee on 



XJ.1 ^L — <c — 



j\^ 



III B h 



O 



r/ 

lalioar:?' -Xft-.irs, and b/ Lr. Joseph '.Jvr^iCi::', oecreti.i^^ o± tho Jzccli 

Captain ii'iriin^ or lius a ^^Ido.uit a/v^roaci., anc the .^oarinc of a yoimg v/arrior. 
Seven .lOuals ;;on foi* braver-* aCorn liis cLo.:;t. IIo wil^. in::ta::"tl:' arrest air-one's 






ttontion. It io obviouj tl.at l.c aas onp^^rieaced tae severe disci^^line of v; .r, 
ana that ho has attained his distin :ui:3":.cd .o.:ition by couraco, inteliir.encc, 
i.iiu Giitraordinar:; talent for t:ic ;LiCinace of v;arfaro. ho \:l.g born ±n Gloiioac, 

X ^^ » j^^Xm • • • • 

Cur ot . r ,;;uost, j'an Jancek, editor and v;riuer, v;a3 bo:;-n in .ai::o:..b^rk, .^loYi;-.ia, 
and is :. ..lOiiber of tlie K^runch of u,.e J..ccho:3lova.: Goiuicil .-it^. hoad^-uartors in 

>■ hLCO O J. « «. • • • • • 

.J.1 of us, yzec'.is and Jlova-.s, :.re e:: )OCtcd to be at ^ohol Ohica^;o toni::ht. 
.eico. .0 to our ••.uostsi 



Ill H BCIIg.:i.UM' 

III B 2 

I Cr Derxl IIlaGatel , Dec. 28, 1917. 

CAPTAII] OF TiLZ CZSCIIOSLCY.J: .rJL^.IY ZT..FF 13 GU::il3T IN CIUC^GC 

The Central Coriiriittee of the Czech National rvlliance and tlie Czechoslovak 
Military Coirimittee have arranged for a rruiss meeting to be held tomorrow at 
8 P.I.:, in the auditoriiim of Jokol Chicago, 23rd Street and Kedzie Avenue. 
The Czechoslovaks will express their gratitude to France for jiving the 
Czechoslovak Army a status of its own, which made its existence possible as 
a military', diplomatic and political unit. By her recognition France has 
helped our stnaggle for independence and recognition by other nations. 
She has consented to let us fight on French soil for our independence. 
This is our most imoortant achievement in '•;estern Jlurope and the greatest 
success, so far, in the movement for our liberation 



LJ. . 



.Jhile the organization of our Czechoslovak Amy and the re- organization of 
Czechoslovak prisoners meet many obstacles in Russia, France aids our move- 
ment in every possible way. 3h^ even honorably discharges our volunteers 
from her army so that they can join the Czechoslovak unit. This unit, 
which has been augmented b;^^ several hundred volunteers from i^nerica, has 






CO 



en 



Ill II - 2 - DGIIZI.X^ 

III B 2 

I G Denni Illasatel . Dec. 28, 1917. 

become a symbol of the sovereignty of the Czechoslovak people. B^^ the 
noble consent of Freince our Nationality is enabled to raise its ov/n ban- 
ner upon the v;orld forum in order to sho-iv that v;e are one with the great 
democracies of the world and that v;e are determined to stand shoulder to 
shoulder v.lth them until a glorious victory is won. 

Tomorrow's meetiag 'vvas called in order that Czech Chicago, the largest 
transoceanic settlement in .^jnerica, may manifest its gratitude and loyalty 
to the French nation. 









<Ji 



The meeting is called so that the masses of our Czech-Chicago community may ^^ 
welcome into our midst Captain Firlinger of the staff of the revolutionary ^ 
Czechoslovak Ainy in Russia, a young man who has attained a high position 
in that army. As one of the ^irmy^s ablest officers he has been sent to 
America by Professor iv:asaryk in order to contact !.:r. Jancek who represents 
the Slovaks in Russia. lie is to help in the very difficult task of organ- 
izing the Czechoslovak volunteers. Although the agitation for volunteers 
has been quietly carried on, several hundreds of than have already left 
for Europe. 



Ill E - 3 - BQIiav'JAN 

III B 2 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , Dec* 28, 1917. 

It is our duty to make the reception of the undaunted captain magnificent 
and representative of all the tens of thousands of Czechoslovak volunteers 
v/ho are unselfishly sacrificing their lives 

Tomorrow then, vie shall hail tv/o representatives/trans. note: The other 
representative is probably L'r. Jancej^of the Czechoslovak Council of Russia. 
They are sent by our dear leader Professor I.'asaryk, and they come from the 
heroic Czechoslovak ArmyJ 

Don't fail to appear, all of you! Czechs frorr. Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia, 
Slovaks fron I,:oravia and the Trenczin and Liptov districts, all members of 
the Czech National Alliance, the Uatiojial iUliance of Czech Catholics, the 
Slovak League, 3okols, Socialists, Freethinkers, Catholics, Protestants — 
let us prove to our guests that our Czech Chicago does its duty, and at 
any moment can demonstrate its solidarity and its loyalty to the cause of 
our nation. 

Tomorrow in the ookol Chicapro hall! Czechoslovak volunteers ivill march ftrom 



o 



Ill H - 4 - BGHETJIAN 

III B 2 ■"" 

I G Dennl Illasatel , Dec, 38, 1917. 

Sokol Havlicek-Tyrs at 7:30 P.i;., accornpanied by a band. 



-a 

O 
en 



Ill H 



BOH^KIi^JI 



III B 2 

II D 10 Denni Hl asatel , Dec. 18, 1917. 

II D 1 

III D AID SOCi:?TISS CO-OPZRATE SPLEIIDIDLY 
I G 

The Czech National Alliance sent an appeal to all Czech Aid societies 
in the United States asking them to pass a bylaw according to v^ich every 
member of each lodge is to pledge himself to pay five cents per month as a 
national ''head tax". The roney thus collected will be used for pj^-triotic 
purpooOo intiie pursuit of one aiT, i.e. the liberation of Czechoslovak lands 
from Austro-IIun^^arian rule. Hardly had the appeal be^Tun to circulate when 
there poured in reports v/hich demonstrate that not less than forty-seven 
lodj'^es will be glad to impose the tax upon their members. A similar response Cj: 
came from Sokol societies. ^ 

All other Czech organizations will be asked to do likewise, and are ex^oected 
to join wholeheartedly. The Czech National Alliance in introducing- the head 
tax does not intend to burden associations, Sokol p^roups, aid societies, or 
educational or singing clubs that are unwilling to make the contribution. 
I^Jhat is asked of them cannot in any way compare v;ith the sacrifices made by 






TIT B 2 

IT D 10 52iSlil^J.5£^-5rL> •^®^* "^^» 151'7. 

IT D 1 

ITT D the Czechoslovak volunteers of America, or recruits of the Czecno- 
I Cx Slovak amy in France and Russia. Everyone is only asked to do ]u\ 

what he feels to be his duty. ^v 



1-^ ~r T 

11' D 



10 



I 






(j^o:. t: 






Deiiiii I:i-iS-;tt3l^, Joe, -j, 1!L17 



' nn 



rj 









i:. 



>^. ,1 



Co:.. .1 






o; 



ti.i: 



Czech 



.itio'iui 



^"■.ta.1- -L -'. clix O -^ j 



.iolli 



^'w'X i.LL-X L<.^.XvJ;> 






;■• f^ 






Dear rello^v coi::ntryi::cn: ..o k.^vo ';co/i fi 

half or Oz^^chOoloval: iiule :ei.Ionco« jor lji -eo ;. jur:; v;^ .:uv-^ o^o.i v;i„.l.i:.^; .^na 
ea'er to coiitribute to tl.o c.uso. J-i-3 djci jivo noiiont h<:i3 no?: arriv^^i. Ui:r 
Czociioslov:*!: ^r.iioa .re asse.-blod ia jV-uic-j unl Ruo.:iu, v/hicli ..o^no that v;q 
havj ])rocl;:<iriod v;ar on -j^:^tri..i-:-Ui..:ary, Tiir^o cctia :er.t > oT o<..r Czacho- 
slov^U-: solciiaro fro:;i .^lerica havy ...Irijady roacaed tiio aoil oi* i/l*-.aica, there 



-■^/ 



,«. '^ -i- : 



to i'or.a uno nucleus or Z:.j Czechojloval: .j:v.;y, .;G coiicider it the duty ol* the 






Czechosloviiirs ia .^jaeric . to -■ :r- a solx-ia:.oood he at ta:: of liva coat 

%m' .-. 

iionth* Thio n-*t,iOL-il t;:ix aill he used to auatain •-;nd booat tho fi::hti]'is 
tr3n:-:th oi' tho :.iov3i..eat i*or zr^e libor^.tioa or ^ur old ]i0j;.el-.:.d. 



c:-h 



::t» 






5 



Tha Czech hational .^llance ia addrea.,;in;: itaelf to all Czoci: ar^:v.a±zxtioa3 
\;ith the re a^ajt th:it the;^ iacCi7^or_.ba iato their ^t .tutea a cliiuse concern- 
in'' t;ii3 :aoathlv "a^triotic co'.tribatio:] • 



±1 u lu 






I :> D;3nnl nia3-; tol , Doc, 6, 101?. 

r; 

'riiO national tux i:j to bo delivered b^ trio various or,^uniz-.tioriG to 
their ^ovGrriirif- bodies, gucIi -.c :*rar.d lod -o.;, etc, '..'liicli, in tiir]:, v;ill 
^:iv3 t'lO iioj-iov to the executive caiatt,oe oJ tho Jzocn l.:Atioxul ..Jliu.ice 
in their ;.li strict, 

'..e reel cei.rilenb t':._.t -ill o2 our cocictie:*, -iG.^ociutio .s, clubs, etc, 
v/ill ;^ladl:r ^{;roo t;; our oxpeuioixt 3U-' -estio:. . "Jiie :i:itio.iUl hea^l tuz is 
roi:^ • to bo used ±or ti.e lOllculri'T T)ur ujo^: 



'cj ^ 



T7 

!• I:'ir.jiiciu:' the xol-ticul uctio.. -.i.icl. ui .j ut the roco/aiitioii of the ri :ht3 5 
oc* our ri-itiou, -^ 



2, Travel in;: oxponjoo, exclusive or ruilroud una steui.suip rareu, I'or our 
volunteers vdio v;ill _;i -ht iu jrunce. 

3. .ad for the v;o;uided or crippled volunteer:: oT the Czechoslov h: -X'rrj iu 



-J 



Ill n - 3 - pc:::::,i. v:^ 

II D 10 

I a Denni Ill as-xtel. Dec. C, 1917. 

4« j^ccepticnal cases of needy i-ir.ilie^ of Czecli-.jnerican volunteers • 
5. ?u.rtherinc of th3 C2;ech cause in A'.ierici. 

Czech .jriericu has, indeed, alv/iys don*-ted :*enerously to the pror.iotion of our ^^ 

national ai:ns.' Tod-^y, v;e 'ire fittin;; out our ov;n army v;hich v;ill fir^ht v/ith S 

the Allies* '..'e have declared v;ar on Austria and have beci^n a relentless -^ 

cor.ibat. This is the tii.ie v/hen our duty demands that v;e chanf:e into sacrifice '^ 

what v;e have been ^ivinr- cur nation as rriore charitvl -o 

o 

Is there a 3in.::le riember of our orc-^J'iizations v:ho v/ould hesitate to part v/ith ro 

as tinv an anount as five cents a .month for his people? V.Qiere is the Czech !^ 

who ivould not be eai2:er to testify in this nanner to his alleriiance to that '-^ 
heroic nation, v;hich is the r.ost respected arion;; the orpresscd nations today, 
and which has, on that account, the rest chances of v/inninc its indor^endence? 

V/e rccj^uest all or(^ani2ations to elect dele>":ates v/ho v;ill repre-cent therr: in 






II D 10 






I o 

T'l 



Dsnai Illasitol, Doc, u, l'.yl7. 



the Czech I'-itional ."J-liaiico. 
dollars oer or>*anizution. 






-. 4- 



...'...03 uO Li 



1- 



e .J.lia:^.ce ...vo five 



Tlierj is :".ot oiio sincere Oz^ch v:ho v;ould not conjider it an honor to con- 
tribute ;_;lall7 and re^'ul'rl;* to the 'TOat aapir .tion.3 of hio nation in ito 
cruci il aoiacntl 



Tiiousa:id3 of or^r fellov; co^aitryiien _ro aiioddia;;- taoir blood i.t this hour, -md 
hundreds Ox ov.r volunteerG ::ro le ^via.;- ^^eric-; for jVance to s caifice taair 
live.ii. .^0 i -'lore '^ou: Do not a"! lor; vonr n-.'tion to ^^erioh or ^er.it its 
hopes for a hap ier f'.;tara to c-^ blast odi 

Be unanir.ious in acceding to our re uest^ and 3\,j'^: thav our ranks in .a.^eric .. 
are aept fir:i and indestructible, De::ionstr_.to t;iat liber.;l-t-.in':ina a'lerica, 
v/hich is standing; up for Czech riahta to independeace, follov/s oar preat 
leader imder the sloa.n, ".,e .re r-oia" to hcla a^t va-fer v^n- circu: stances, 
and v;e v;on*t :ive in!'* 



TO 

o 

rry 



..e v.'is.i you success m yoa.r mot.zI 



>f 



Ill H 



4.v' 



.'^-'X ..^* .^ . *»- 



Den^ii jO. -s^^tol, Dec. G, llvlV. 



II J 10 

I a 

V 

For the Oe:itr:.l Gor^iitteo of the Czoc.i ::'itionaI .J.li-;:ico: 



TI 






Sj 9 



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Fislur, ^L-reoi .leiit, Josioli Tvrzic"/, 






3> 



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a. -1- X ^ JL 



T ^ 



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Doniii iIljASutcl, :;ov. ^:, 1..17, 



xlie G;ila:^jo^ p!-^-^v' ^P^-.^'rV^, I^-*^^ :.:oro :.t:t*j!ition to our iu.;tiun:^l ai.*r:^irs than 
any ot^ier iniT:^er in our clt„'. Li l-iot :.i jut's issi^e it |;riutou un editorial 
about trie rocjnt events in the .iU3tri:-.n pL;rliu::unt con;ernln": tuo lutest 
re- ort of u 0-Gi^\un-.j.i:^trian vieuor" 1.. Itul", \ .lich v;aG r::ceived b-' the 
C^ech reprecientativvj.. v;it;i doadl/ siienco^ 

Tl:e article iri the Journal st. teG th..t the ae;;s abo; t the occurreuce carie 

bv v/ire Tro:." 3;;itzerland. The tele ra:u3 st :tea th .t th^^ riia;': officlel no'./s ^ 

of the victorv v/as urese*»tea to tae Meuberc oi" tue •arli.uieut, uho v"ere £ 

invitoa to shov: their elation, T.ie German :. onbero did, but the Czechs and 
Glov h:s re:;-aiiied silent, jev; oT tuc ot..er3 responded, for three-fifths of 
the \opulation iiateu its C>orr;an-IIunuari.;ni ruler..:. Despite this fact, tl^e 
Jcurn-.l poiits out, the foeling of the Czechoslov hs has .. /er before been 
exhibited so ouenl;' and d- rinjly, Tnoir couru-%: und political r^aturitv 
have made t-.e!.' a :.:i^Mty uait v:ith :7!i.ich it v;ill bo advisable to reckon. 



c. ^ 
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I i: 



•D 



L.^a.. 



\.r 



2^^Aiil5:-tid> --ov. ^i:, i::i7. 



:]:uropo v;ill b3 noither Uiiltou nor ;3.avj if c;i::;Cho;j . ov 
indape.idence. TIiug t:;e euilori.l co:.c 



lOf"^ 



oo 



not V. in ito 



• 1 "■> '.' 






Ill II BOIIjr.:IAII 

III 3 2 

1 a Denni Illasatel . Oct. 13, 1917. 

TO .iLL C2z;g::s a;:d oLOVaIu^ 

Tonorra/; is the Ilass LIeetin{^ 

The hone of Jokol IIavlicek-T:;'r3, 2609 South Lavmdale Avenue, v;ill be the scene 
of a nass meet in:: of the Czechoslovak people of Chicago. 

For the first tine in Czech Chicago history, v;e are ::oin^ to ^^elcone into 
our nidst one of the greatest i/or^cers and forenost firhters for the cause of 
the liberation of Czechoslovakia, Dr. hilan Ilatislav Jtefanih, a native son 
of dovmtrodden but na-/ recuperating 31oval:ia. ./lio v;ou1g not knov; the hero 
v;ho joined the French arr.iy as an ordinary private, becai.ie a fanous aviator, 
and attained the hi^^hest ranJc possible — that of coniander in the air force? 
Dr. otefanik has been v;ell l-cnoxm to us fron tlie tine v;hen he spent a fev/ days 
in Chicaco several years a^o on his vTay to Taliiti, v/here he had been sent by 
the French Government to nake astrono.,iic observations on Ilalley^s conet. At 
that tine, certainly none of us v;ould have thou';:ht that the- retiring young 
cientist who has becone distinguished aiaon^ astronomers v;ould return as an 



s 



-^ V 



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o 



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Ill li - 2 - 30in::.ZAi: 

III B 2 

I G Denni Illasatol , Oct. 13, 1917, 

TI 

heroic aviator, a lavishly decorated officer of ti^e French ^nyf and one 
of the first and r.iost fearless fir;hters for tlie independence of the oppressed 
Czechoslovak nation. .*e may nov; reveal to our readers that his darin^^ flight 
over the .-i.ustricoi front created a sensation and accoi.iplished a r>reat deal. 
The handbills v;ith ^jhich he flooded the Austrian trenches from his nlane con- 
tained the proclamations of the Czech and Slova:: peoples, ur.^^inc their fellov/ 
countrymen to escape and join the Italian i\miy. 

\Je novj extend our v/elcorie to Dr. Stefanilc as the representative of our highest 
national institution, the Czechoslovak national Council; to hin, the hero, 
the scientist, the diplonat who, althour-J:! seriously ill, still carries on the 
battle for the Czechoslovak nation. 

There v/as a niass neetinc in llevi York recently.. ..and nov; it is Chicago *s turn 
to shov; that it is tlie center and hub of the great noverrient , and also that it 
laiavs hoiv to value the great ::ierits of Dr. Stefanik. 




Ill II - 3 - 30iEL:i;ii: 



III B 2 

I G Denni Illasatel , Oct. lo, 1917. 

vr 

For three years vie have been v;orl:inc in hamony for our people across 
the ocean. Let us demonstrate in this iiieetinr; for the representative of the 
Gzechosloval-c National Council that :;e are as loyal as ever to the cause of 
our people. 

The rare opportunity for v/elcorninp: one of the ^-peatest Slovaks of this turbu- 
lent tine offers itself nov:, and it suroly v/ill not be overlooked by our 
Gz echo Slovak fellov; countryr.ien 



Czech and Slovak lef!:ions are assenblinr: UDOn the soil of that ancient deno- 
cracy, France. Those volunteers are Goinr: to be recruited into a Czechosloval: 
amy which v;ill becoiie a guarantee for the fulfilLrient of our der.iands and a 
security for a better future for our liberated Czech and Slovak lands. 

Onward, men and womeni Rally tomorrow at the hall of Sokol Ilavlicek-Tyrs 

and shov/ your unconditional devotion to the cause of your nation v;hich is so ^^^ 



c 






Ill II - 4 . BOIIZI^v 

III B 2 

I a Denni lIlaGatel , Oct. 13, 1917. 

heavily oppressed hj the Cxeri.ian-Lac/ar yokel 

The speakers v;ill bo: Dr. II. H. Stefanik, vice-president of the Czechoslovak 
liational Council; Charles rer^ler, director of the Slav Press Bureau, I]ew 
York; Dr. Ludv/ig J. Fisher, president, and Joseph Tvrzicl-y, secretar^^ of the 
Czech National alliance o 



/<T 






1 o 


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c 


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1 
^ 1 



Ill H 



Boiia.iiAisi 



Denni Klasatel , Sept* 17, 191? • 

CZ2CII-AHERIGAM SCIEl^JTIdTS* , ^aRTISTS* mD ^/RITERS* FROCLU^^ION 
(Proin the i ress Bureau of the Czech National iJLliance 
and the Hational Alliance of Czech Catholics) 

Czech- American scientists, headed by Dr. /JLes Hrdlicka and Professor 
Boh. Siniek, and Czech-Anierican artists and writers, headed by Professor 
Pressig, R» Ruzicka, and the Ondficek brothers, issued a proclamation in 
v/hich they express their confidence in the leadership of Professor T. 0. 
I'lasaryk, the Czechoslovak National Council, the Czech National Alliance, 
and the Slovak League of /America* 

"••••'v^e declare that we shall follov; you and shall not allov/ ourselves to 
be misled from the path along which you and we have been directed by the 
incorruptible Czech conscience, which subordinates personal and party in- 
terest to the comnon national v/eal« 

^'V/e shall follov; the example of our brothers, the Czech v/riters and artists /\^ .^x 






Ill H - 2 - BQILiTui;-!: 

Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 17, 1917 • 

in the old honeland. We appeal to our fellow countrymen beyond the borders 
of Czech lands to remain unconditionally under national discipline, for our 
innerrfiost conviction tells us that the fate of the Czechoslovak nation is in 
the hands of men of reason, men who are honest and ready for sacrifice* 

"V/e gladly submit ourselves to this discipline; and V7e are going to persist, 
as v/e did in the past, in working for the liberation of our people. 

"September, 1917 • 
"Signed:" 
£L long list of signatures follows^ 









w 






cy 



y 



Ill i: BQliLJI-lIAT] 

III B 2 

I G Denni iilaGatol, .^ug. 5, 1S17« 

IV 

Oil I C AGO C^GHo ..IaiZHj CJC^7rn.CT ..I'Gi RUoo 1^*13 

( oa^nraary ) 

A Czech delegation paid its respects to the representatives of the republic 
of Russia yesterday morning, do nember of the Czech delegation was Henry 
Pavloff of tho staff of the Denni Hlasatel > Others v/ere: Dr. L. Fisher, 
Dr. Jaroslav ?• Smetanka, and J. ?. otepina. The introduction toolc place 
in the amphitheatre on V^est 49th and 3outh Hals ted Jtreets. The l^ssian 
iiinbassador, Lj?. Bachmetev, v;as presented v.lth a gift in the form of a booi:, 
in which the friendly relations between the Czechs and the Russians v;ere 
es ecially pointed out. Doctor Jmetan]-'- addressed the Ambassador on this 
occasion, speaking in Sn:;:lish, and appealed to him to intercede for and 
aid the cause of the Czechs. ''The liberation of the Czech homeland v/ould 
be greatly furthered by united action of Russia and America," Doctor 
c&^etanka said. The Russian .-embassador ansv/ered by assuring the Czech 
delegation of the sincere sympathies of the Russian people. 




Ill H 



- *> - 
^ Kj ^ 



BOEirj,^^ 



Denni Hlasatel, Auc« 5, 1917 • 



III B 2 

I G 

IV 

The Russians later net the Czechs ar^ain in the Dou'^las Park 

Auditorium, v;here Doctor oinetanka spol^e a2:ain in the name of Chicago 
Czechs, and those of all other Czech comnunities of /jnerica. It can be 
said that the Czechs have made very valuable contacts vdth the I^ssians, 
which is expected to have a far-reaching effect upon Czech aspirations. 




Ill H BQHEMIi\IT 

III B 2 

Denni Hlasatel , June 14, 1917. 

/jUl^iD FOR "nc: LIBSIL\TIOrJ OF TlIE HOLSLA13d7 
(From the Czech National Alliance) 

The members of the Czech National /J.liance have decided to send individuals -6 

to various associations to increase the funds for the liberation of the old ,--^ 

homeland by collections. V/e entreat the executive committees of Czech organiza- p 

tions to extend a helping hand to our agents, whose activities v;ill prove ^^ 

beneficial to our patriotic work. V/e acknowledge the receipt of collections g 

made in several Czech organizations previously..... r- 

cx> 

CD 



Ill H , BOIGIJAIT 

III B 2 

lY Denni iilasatel > June 13, 1917 • 

(From the I^ess Bureau of the Czech national illliance) 

( Summary-) 

V/e announce that Ix. Vbjta Benes, a schoolteacher, is going on a tour through 
!£innesota, and IJorth and South Dakota, v;here he v/ill lecture in the Czech com- 
munities on the Liovenent for the liberation of the old hoiaeland. He will 
also help in the foundation of new brancjies of the Czech National Alliance. 
He leaves Chica^;;o next no nth. 




Ill H 
III B 2 
17 



BOK:::r.IL:iIT 



Denni Hlasatel ^ June 1J3, 1917. 

TO CZSCH-Afvn2RIC/J\S: 
A STATSI.If-iTvT BY TPE xR::3IDSNT OF TIL: CZSCH N;iriCN:JL ;iLLL\rJCE 

D; REG.^D to tm. DYRYCH, 
x^TD IN ANSvER TO THE .lRTICLE BY LIR. KkR^L HOIir:? 




(ouninary) 

'^During the three years vmile I v/as President of the Czech National iJ.liance, 
I alv/ays endeavored to give prefer eiice to our dear cause and to avoid dissen- 
sion« It was, this I know, polemics, which became the calamity of Czech 
-rtiaerica, poisoned public life, and sapped the strength of the Czech-^jnerican 
branch. •• •• 



"I regret that it is my duty to m^ike a declaration to tl.iose who loiev/ the 
difficult start of the activities of the Czech National Alliance long before 
the beneficent hand of Thomas G. Llasaryk v/as felt.,.«» 



Ill H 
III ¥"2 
IV 



- ^ - 



I:0:i:.,.:i.JT 



Defiiii Iilasat..!, ..'iiiie in, Ir^i? 




**Czech .vr.erica :riust be £::iven a clear view of the Dyrycli affair, i.r. IIor,:y 

v;rites about ^Anerica aj if he stoou with hi::> back to it; 1 ai:; i.ritinf^ theje 
lin3;Li face to face ..ith Czech .u^ierioa because I use no lies. 



**It is not tiTue tiiat the expulsion of Dyrycii was iriade under tao influence 
of Dr. ^duard Beaes, I have not e::caa]i-";ed one sin l.j .ord v/xtli Benos durinf?; 
:.iy entire activity in the C>:ech I.atiunal .aliance. It was v# G-# ^.lasaryk who 
infomed mo about the fatal ^oin^s of Dyr^^'cu, r'Toi:! that inforiiiation I ain 
sub.T.ittinr: to Czech ^jnerica terrible accusations, for the truth of wdiich I 
assume full ros'oonsibilitv. I sav this: 



*V;hile in Finance and in i^ssia :.r. ]>7r"v^ch coai.iitted 3uch terrible deeds that 
their "GhreateriOd to destroy coiiipletoly what Lasar^/l: has built up during tiiree 
years. 1 was horrified by this inforiiiation, yet took cognizance of them 
without taking action; for I "elt that it did not behoove iie to r.ix with 
European afi'airs. ..aeii^ -*o;;ever, jyr:v'ch naae atten_t'to — and i have j-roof 
for th-jtt — to lead Czech .-irr;e:*ica away froia i.asaryk and uo demoralize our 



Ill H 
III B 2 



rJ 



Denni }ila saoel, June 1..., 1917. 




iriOvement, I v;rote to I.Iasaryk: 

^.-imr.rica, to the last Cz3cli, Gtands beliinl you in v/liatever you plar to do in 
the Dyryoh affair for the e.oneration of our dear old homeland, • Ivw.. lon.^ 
after this I received the nev;s from Iiasar-/}:, then in London, Jn.^l-jaid — and not 

frora Banes— that Dyr\"ch ;vas expelled from the Czech I-.ational Council, '.diile 
reading the letter, I felt distinctly zhe pains tiiat the dear old Council 
iiiUot have suffered before deciding: on such steps, rae reasons for ' he expul- 
sion are f^iven in the letter, but they are of such nature that 1 siinply loath 
to put them dovm in v/ritini^. Hov;ever, I am v;il^inf% just as I.:r. rlorxcy is, to 
reveal the reasons to an assembly of honest and judicious people..... 

I feel it belov/ my dicnity to expatiate on other naive contentions in i.Ir« 
Horky's pamphlet. Tnerefore, I shall not aixsv/er his statement that our central 
cr^^anisation p;ave orders to throvv stones- at 7;yrych; also, that Ilasaryk takes 
English money, for ev8r:/one knov/s from v/here the money for the professors of 

Kinc /or Kinc*s?7 College comes. I shall likev;ise not answer the cuestion of 



Ill K 
III 3 £ 
IV 



- 4 - 



Doimi Hlusatol, Jur.e 12, 1917, 



boh:^:;i.. JT /y^ 



noney sent fro.^ our hcudciuarter:^ to Europe, boc^iUGo it is I v/ho am mailinc 
it tiirou -ji -uh€5 -jnerican St^te ban.-: to Profoosor -.Jisarjrk, unci to xx-.... alone — 
and Czech -Pj:ierica is aure to have faith in l^asaryi:. I v/on't an3v;Gr norky*s 
attacks anainst t-no cecretc:.r:/-f:eneral, Dr. 3duard Penes. Horky attacked 
him because the I'oniier did not dare attack !!asar:i:*3 very person before all 
Czech /jnerica, in spite oi" the j-reat r-lish — one can scent thi^ I'roin the 
pamphlet — vlth v/hich he v;ould h;.V'.; done so, 

*.e all are v;illint: to appear ; efore the court Cx our nation and ^:*ive an 
account of our v/ork* T>.\erc is \;here I>,^r:/ch v.lll have to appear iJid where 
IxOrriy v;ill be brous^-ht; he, the nan v;ho has soiled his literary/ shield by 
v/ritinr: the panphlet* Before a court such as this the affair \.ill be tried. 



The Czech National dliance, Lhe pride <j2 the Czecl. i eOiyle in .inerica, nust 
not suffer, and neither iriust the ..nfortunabe people xvho crj?* for liberation 
in the old hoi.ieland, V^'e joyfully accept the leadex\-nip of the Czech National 
Council, just as the Czechs in Hu.sia have done, ..e have achieved great vic- 
tories under Lhe banner of T. G-, I.Iasaryk, and ..e intend to follov; it tov/ard 



Ill H 

III B 2 
IV 



- 5 - 



Denni Hlasatel. June 12, lil7. 



BOHi:;.ii^T /U X 
— — — — ^ / •-' ^\ 



~ o, ''-i •''• ^'i 



y 



further future successes. 



(Sir-ned) '^Dr* Ludvik J. i'isher 
President of the Czech National .vlliance in ^uiierica.*^ 



There follovrs a postscript v;ith a soler.in pronise by Jr. L. J* Fisher to 
pursue faithfully his national duties as president of the ^U.liance# 



ii: i: 



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ty GCiio to 






j-ra'".;s an:: ot:i3r Ozec tovnis ..-.iVn n ;:).:eii. 
solidarity i;ith tho Oiiec:. lealon: v-;ho, hoade . o;. 
^u3"orian 'virlia;:.6nt, i r. • loTac , \-x':^ u-^Kieli the 
o:itlirie.I by vy2e::zyr J. ^. Qour"' . , u-oa their 



have o -only (h^Jlared tneir 
 their r V r:3S3iitativo in the 

oro'Ta"^ Oh li: 



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JZc3C:. JniC ir,o in ti ^ 



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lar -e.^t Jzr3cn co 
horn^^land. it nunt folio;; ra '^le ;:ith a li : 



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:.:a:"iiOontat i^n \'he hi 'lish 



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June J , 



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.^verv j^ecli arid ever"'' .vicv-::'c ' e irt 



.."^1 lemtivi. 



o :,._e nevn Tr -m ^r-i'ue. 






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A ..i.-i^>o .1. .'CJ w/ ±11. 



■L^ : iloon x.ra;;er^ .ar^: o.. 



Ju.i5 1^, -/ith wlire:ice j:irr:-) v, :."r oi i ^rio. ^.., a:: oae 01' 






a:  .'J.-r» r; 
'•. 'j.i:>« • • • • 




Ill H 
I F 4 
I C Denni Hlasatel. May 16, 1917 • 



BOHEMIAN 



^^ISCRBilNATION BY" THa CIIY C0UNCn7 

(Editorial) 

Resolutions passed by the Chicago City Covmcil advocate the liberation of 
the Irish, the Chinese, and the Poles, but they omit the Czechs, although 
our people represented in that body and our activities sure important 
factors in the city's social and political life. 



X 

.^. . . ^\ 



\ i 






Ill H 



BCIISLTIA^I 



Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 6, 1917» 

(Editorial) 



The Chicago Chief of Police is a good German who believes that his 
fellow-countr^Tnen will remain loyal to the United States. He has, 
however, designated a special squad to keep an eye on them. He 
won't take chances. 

translator's Note: Herman Schuetler Chief of Police, ChicagOjJ^ 




Ill H ^rs'TT^nf-r. 

HI P 2 

I E Dennl 'gasatel , !'ar. r!0, 1917. 

I a 

The victory of the T^^iFisinn reo'ole rund their establishment of a democratic rov- 
eminent has echoed in joyous sounds thrcurhout the "^3 Rvoni c v:orld. P'^'ofessor 
Thomas !:asaryk, leader of the Czechoslovak r>eople, was the first to conp-ratulate 
the '^.ussians upon the revolution successfully accomplished* He sent the folloir'- 
inr manifesto, in the name of the Czechoslovak peopl-3, to his ol^"^ frie^id and 
fellow-protector of the 'Slavonic nations, level TT. ''iljukov, Minister of Forei/^n 
i\ffairs: 

'•In the name of the Czechoslovak ITational Foroipn Council I can say: ''"'e are 
joinin;'"'' your '^reat v7ork for the r^lavonic nations and for mankind-, "l^e "^.lavonlc 
ouostions are solved, and free '^.ussia has nov; the full rirht to liberate the 
Slavs from the Cerman-ira.^^yar- Turkish yoke, '.^e have joined cur .Slavonic brethren 
in this v;ar. Austria-ITun.^ary he.3 tr.ken horrible revenre, but the sa-^rifices o' 
our martyrs are outweif:hed by the trium.ph of your splendid r^^volutic. 



Ca3 



Ill i: - s - .3c:: : xu: 

III :i 2 

1 '2 Lemii rj-::3atcl , I.cr. :.0, 1017. 

I a 

Tlio union of tlie T'^lisli ccvmtries unocr a free loisnia, tlie uniriccc- 
tion of the Galici-^ui and run-^arioii ..uiJGiaiiG '.;ith .Xissia, tlic luiiiication of the 
oervo--^roatian:^ v;ith the olovenians, unci the liberation of the Jziochs ^.jj^id JlovakG 
— all tiiis '.;ill be roalii:ed throufji the rebirth of .oissia. l-Iot only the olavonic 
peoples, 'ut also the I{o:.ianic pooplcG, the jrench, Italians, and ..OLU.ianians, 
v:ill see their just national hopes fulfilled, .. free riiissia L.oans a iioct crush- f.^ 
iUb blov; to xrussianis:.: and xan-Qcr::ia..i3r.:. .^ free .oissia spells death for the ^ 
treacherous ene:.v of all alavonic nations, .aistria-'.\ui,:ary. .i free .\ussia is F^ 

er,uivalent to a stronrthonin;; of the J.livjs. .^ free .oissia, to^^.'t/.or v;ith ^-^i^nce -- 
and -jn^land, v;ill ;:olve the ancient r;ue3ti::n by an organic union of ^uixDpe, ^ 

Asia, and .xfrica. Your great eastern ro niblic can connect this phase of '.vorld »— 
politics v;ith a r- construction of ..urope : nd a reorg^mization of : ;anl:ind. * *' 

hasar^.i: also sent a pi^Dcla.iation to -.od::ianho, resident of the JU];ia. It road: 



^3 



"The Ozcchs and olovahs v:elcoi;io the triu";'h of your revolution, Tlie ideals of 
the Slavonic leaders v;ill iriaterialize. The vostness of the olavonic lands v;ill be 
equalled no:; by the na^nitude of Slavonic intollectual culture, ..e have al".;ays 



Ill :I - o - 3d2J.^T 

III D S 

I U ]3cnni I'lasauol , i::.r, :X', 1917, 

I G 

Iovlh: the r^tissian people, rjiC. v;e liuve joined o r JlMVoni • brctliroii in 
this v;ar a^ainGt tlio co:i:;on onenv. Iho thousands iilio porishea by the fierce 
vonGeiincr of .;.Uc:tria-Iam;:,uiy are I'.iartyrs no.; for tiic freedom of -oissia. 'Jhe 
Slavonic "uestions are 301vod, nov; ta::t the freedoi.i of .Russia is assured. 
Devoted to you aiiu youi* '-.lorious cuso, ^rofossor .'.asaiyl:, ro^a'esentativc of 
the Jsech people ^nd president of the J^echoslov.d: l.ational Council." 

The central coiLi.itte.; of tho Jsecl. h':..tional .-jscociation in .u*nerica sent the 
foliov.'ing cable? rar;i: 

"To the Tresident of tho ministry, ^ rince Lvov, I'etrosrad: fhousands of Jzochs 

in 

ing 

put 

vjorld under the leadership of Irofos or i.asar:,^h, are Gi'^-"ti^G "the ^^ssian people, 

the head of all the ^l.r/onic peoples," 

Liljuhov, -.iiiistor of J'orci;:;n ..ffairs, :;as sent the follov;inp cablecraiL by 




CO 



Ill H - 4 - BOIICtaAI J 

III 3 2 

I 3 Denni Hlas atel, I.]ar, 20, 1817. 

I a 

Doctor L« T. Fisher, president of the Czech I.'ational Association: 

*'In this moment v;hen Russia has accepted a governr.ient b^r the people, v/e, the 

Czechs of America, hasten to express to You:- Excellency our feeling of boundless ^. 

joy over this happy change, '.»'e salute the exalted Russian nation v/hich has ^ 

gained liberty i.ot only for herself, but v/hich v;ill v/in it also for the smaller ^ 

Slavonic nations. .;e hold sincere admiration for you as one of the founders of U 

Nexv Russia, In the name of our leader. Professor IJasaryk, we hope for an early :^ 

victory of great Russia, convi: ced that this will also bring freedom to the £ 

Czechs and Slovaks," -o 



Ill 



'o: 



\\r.'^ 'T 



JlX ^j o 






- ▼ T /-"J -1 



^ fc.^'- .. V.1 *; 






•i*. 

«_ 



^ccoroir-:: to tolojrLi_ }.lc nc-'.-s received ..ere fro:- London, Zn/:l:rnd, i:isr; cilice 
IlacL^ryk i;as ^:ez a^ 3ib.;rty nfte..- t...c yuan: in ',n ..ustrian j^rison. .....e is the 

daughter of rho::i:\s Jarri,;ue ;.aG::ryk, iroriirient Iv'-lo:* in tLe _;olitical ::iave- 
nent for the liV^eration of the G::echo-Jlovah oeonle. 

Tlie re:)Ort see:;:r> incc:r:l-te, and contains a note by th.e Austrian jovern!V:ent 
to the effect that the youn^: v'onan •.;as relea^'/d only on account of the illnejis 
of liOT MOtaer, Liiss I..a3aryh, lihe other J::ecl; ;;irl.s, liad been ii:i, risoned for 
no other reason than that her father v;: i^ able to escape the clutches of the 
Austrian jovor]L'..e2it. 



i:::'j.. Lary L:chov.ell, a settleraenu co-;;orher of Miso :.:asaryk, was the reciyent 
of the nessare, as slie v. as ".mov/n to have talien an in':erest in the vicis.^itudes 
in the life of the jirl* flie tv;o :iave b.een ac^Luaiuted for several years, ai^d 
v.'ere active in t.io University of GhicaoO Jettlei.-.ent. 



Ill H BQIEMIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

I C Denni Hlasatel> Feb* 16, 1917. 

L3T»S APPRECIiCTE THE FRIEKTDLY AI;!ERICAM ATTITUDE 

(Editorial) 

Tens of thousands of copies of newspapers printed in the English laoguage 
are sold in the Czech districts of Chicago. Not every reader is wont to 
observe hov; these papers viev; our cause, our efforts tov/ard the liberation 
of our old homeland. Some of the papers, on the whole, which are friendly 
tov/ard the Czechs, informed us that they could not give special attention 
to a fraction of the populace of Chicago if they cannot see signs of 
special interest in the articles written for that fraction. The fault 
lies with our people who do not sufficiently patronize the papers friendly 
tov/ard us, but buy copy of papers of decidedly Teutonic leaning; they do 
so because of habit. But now we have to see to it that the papers our 
people read shall be informed about our aims. 



n^ 






ri 



BCIilT 






r-- o ,-; 



(1) 






"'"P 






0-. o 



113 -/ar it -..-as t:: 






.ica''^o Dail'.' Journal 



v;:ircl-, aside rro::: tlio liorcilA ^ .ras ::.ost friendlv to.Tard. U3, lately, 
it hrirdly :'..i3SGi a:i cir-oTtunity to ] re o lain its s:,.Tir)athy for our 
cause. This siioul-;! suffice to t.l:3 v:echs and Slovaks to 3U"'V.:ort 



-h '-^o 






Letters- of a^vpreciaticn of ^irticles ^riiited in 
Siiould alv/ays lo accoripani-jd b 
sii:iilar trend. f:ii:: sort o: 






isn 



« _ \^ 1^' I ./ 



1 f^ C! Q 



^ l- 






. -r» 



^^atrioi:ic detail .:crl: .;ill hcl 



.0 



acnuai!.t uhe .Vierican puclic .'irfn cur air.s. f/ia T oheriian yieYievi ^ 
a nonthly, :hic:i inte:':r:to our .vishes in the "linlioli laiif-ua^-e, 
shouli also bo suovorted, and find its /ay into the libraries not 
only of 3hicaro, but the subiirbs. fhere is no obstacle in tho ;/ay 
cf inforriation about cur cause. 



Let's . o ahead I 







Ill H 
I G 



BC'icin;^!: 



Deimi Hlasatel , Feb. 2, 1917* 
FIATTERIITG ;vCn X. /LEDGE: -LH^TTS FROl: ALLIES 

7/e leaiTx froin :..'r. Alois Vana, pre.^ident of tho rohemian National 
Association, Pilsen Branchy that the latter has received a telegram 
from the En^^lish and Russian enbassies in v/hich they express 
appreciation for r.essa^^es sent to taem by the association as a 
result of the decision of the Allies to r;S.ke the independence of 
the smaller nations a ruin condition for the conclusion of peace. 
Cne telegram read: '^Heartfelt thanks for the manifestation of your 
interest and sincere v;ishes for an earlj'- realization of your leciti— 
mate hopes. - Bakhmeteff ." Ji^e En^.lish emfeassj' ansv/ered as follov/s: 
"I acknowledfre ;;ith thanls the receipt of your telef-ran in V'/hich 
you proclaim the gratitude of your 02'ganization for the attitude 
taken by us in reheard to the Ozecho-Slovaks. Sincerely yours, 
Cecil Springy - nice." 



'o 








Ill H 

I a 

Denni ^-Insatel, Seh, 1, 1917, 






i..r • 



x^dcui Vasa, President of the Giiicaco Dii.-:tri'jt !.lzen (^il::;en) braach oT tlie 
3ohe;-:iaii ..ational ^association received a tele';ra.': iron tiie xvibassador of j^rance, 
Jussera:id, v;:iic:i is ::s rollovs: "Your tele ;raii has lilled ne with jo;^, and I 
have seen to its delivery to iny ;:Gver:.Lient, jrance and ;ier /allies shall not 
ror':et :.ia:^ifestations of .*ratitude so --lovin-ly exv^ressed by the Jzechs and 
Jlovaki- of the "Lnited Jtates, as well as tueir just Vvlsries for a victory of 
liberty all over the world, sincerely yours, lussorana.'* 

The rjassian iVibassador, 'Jxc. Gear e \.achi:ecev answered t'le manifestation of 
tiie "California'^ branch of t.iie .^oae::ian hational .association by a telerrain 
sent to iti3 Presicent, ...r. Vojteoh Jada: It read: "I trianrc '^ou heartily 
for t-.e . lanif estation of loyalty to .;y fatiierland. I aM sure tliat your just 
hooes shall finally be realized." 



/^: 






f~\ 



Ill K 
I C 
I G 






Deiini Klasatel, Jaiu 24, 1317 



The *^Ustredni Vybcr Geskeho Ilarodniho Sdinzeni/' {Central Gorjnittee 
of the Czech I'aticnal Association) ir. accordance v/ith a resolution 
passed in the nass-neetin^ held in Chicar;o by the association, sent 
the prime ninister of each of the four allied pov;ers a uele^rari of 
thanks for their decision b;; v;hich the liberation of the smaller 
Slavic nations fron their present rulers has been :'iade one of the 
Torime conditions for the conclusion of ^eace v;ith the Central nov;ers. 



Aristide Briand, premier of France, v.-as addressed as follov/s: ''The 
Gzecho-^lovak citizens of the great trans-Atlantic sister republic, 
numbering more than one million r.ouls, are thankin,^^ you, as the 
representative of the glorious French nation. Five hundred years 
a^o, v/e v;ere allies of France, rrafie learned from Fro :ce. The 
Czechs fourht for France, The Czech Parliament protested af^ainst 







III K - 2 - ?€K^:.1M' 

I G 

I G^ Denni Hlasatel , Jan. 24, 1917. 

the annexation of French provinces in 1871. Gzech volunteers are 
sheddinf- their blood on the battlefields of the Gharipaifne^for the 
coraj-;ion cause. V/e love free France v;ho fifhts for freedon; we love 
France, the n^^^t denocratic republic. Love for France spells love 
for nankind itself. Glory to France, the land of heroes, that guides 
mankind towards a happior futurel" 

To Premier David Lloyd George: "Great Pritain, f^reat in her history, 
and still greater in her future, has joined her allies in their 
deriiand for freedoi.; of "Dhe sniall nations. Three hundred years a-o, 
an L'n-'lish ])rincess v/as our .^^een. Today, our people are united '.;ith 
jinrland by stronr, social uies or the struggle for justice and af^ainst 
violence. Great Britain, led by your energy and your renius, v/ill 
save the future of ilurope and of mankind. Today, v/hen the Allies 
proclaimed the future liberation of the Gzechs and Slovaks, one nillion 



Ill H 
I G 
I G 



- 3 - 



Denni Hlasatel , Jan. 24, 1917 • 



1X)^I!C!'TA!^ 



Czechs of i\nerica iianifest deepest rratitude and joy. The brotherhood 
of the huiriin race, founded upon eual rirhts for nations, larre or 
small, v;ill survive the a^"'es. Ten nillion Czechs and Slovaks all 
over the v;orld wholeheartedly v/ish .vhe t.est of success to Enpland, 
the protector of snail nations." 



». ' 



To Prince Galicin, 'orerrder of :^ussie: "The voice of holy Russia 
reached the Czechs in /i.^:erica der.iandinr,, in accord v/ith her /J-lies, 
the freedon of the Czech and tlie olovak nations. I. ore than one 
nillion of Ai^.erican Czechs and Slovaks ov;e r.ratitude to you, the 
head of Lhe (-overni-ient of His lajesty. Glory to the Czar, the 
liberaT:'OrI T'ay the c^^at ..ussian people pros _ er as the beacon lifht 
of all Slavs, leading ther.i into battle for justice and the rir^hts of 
the opT)ressed brethrenl" 



Preraier Paolo hoselli of Italy: "Today, v/hen the Czechs and Slovaks 



% 
t 



III H - 4 - BCTIl^riiUC 

J G 

1 a Denni lUasatel , Jan. 24, 1917 • 

celebrate the proclamation of the liberation in sirht for their 
native lands, the Czechs in /ij.erica request you to accoot our 
thanlcs and arient ::ell .:ishes that Italy ray prorress from victory 
to victory over cur common enemy. I.'ot unbil the nations oppressed 
by Austria are free v;ill it be possible "oo establish a reif:n of 
freedom and iustice in liurone/' 









C 

V . 

* 

c 
c 

r 



Ill H roii3'i.-v!- 

Ill B 1 

III r 2 Denni lUasatel , Jan. 22, 1916. 

STir^AZ csvcj2::ych yj\3 a p^jtitio:: 'TIiich is tc H2 

FP-iSSirED TC OC]:Gr:?JSS 

Straz Osvojenych /^he Guard of EnliiP-htened Peoples/ held its annual nieetinp: 
last eveninr. After the i.ierr.bers nad attended to the current business of the 
evenin/?: and to the election of officers, a very interestinr motion was pre- 
sented and carried. 



■JO 

o 



In the transaction of tiie current business more than a hundred letters v;ere '^ 
read announcing the names of delegates to tho Straz Osvojenych for the year* ^ 

At this lueetinf:. nearly all last yearns officers v;ere re-elected. The lollo'.vinc 
are ths officers: chairran, ^fojtech Cada; secretary, :.:r. 5oul:up; financial sec- 
retary, L'r. Vaclav Janda; troasur^j:-, Pichard I.:ejdrich. Dr. Iska v/as re-elected 
tnastee. 

It v;as Dr. Iska who made a motion just before the close of tne meetin^;;:, the 



Ill II - 2 - 

III B 1 

III E 2 Deimi lUa^aoel, Jan. Z2, 1916 



BCIU^'TA!: 



sense of -rhich v;as that the o'craz Csvojenych 3h.all present a petition in reso- 
lution form to the Conf'ress of the United States ur^^inr'; the Gonr-ress to request 

the delegaues selected five yearj ace to the In'jernaLional rarliarientary Union ^ 

and to request the European countries as v;eli and the other civilized nations ^ 

to take into consideration the interests of one si.iaxler jiuropean countries and f^ 

to respect these interests miori nev; conditions have to be net after the v/ar. ^ 

-o 

In this petition v;hich the Straz Csvojenych is to send to Zonc.v^^'^ attention 2 
is especially to be directed to the position of thu Czech nation, and emphasis ^ 
will be placed Uj,.on the fact that the de^'ires of t.ie t>:.ialler nations can best 
be fulfilled by an international con:;:ress of doli^^ates of all the .'lations in- 
tei'ested, vjhich v;ill rA^Q to thu smaller nations a chance to riake known their 
desires ar^d their earnest endeavors to free themselves of their oppressors, 
fhese srrxiller nations v;oul i hardly ret a fair representation at a peace con- 
ference. 

In the opinion of Dr. Iska, the sponsor of ;;:ie :;;otion, this contemplated peace 






> 



Ill H - 3 - BOHSia:j^ 

III 3 1 

III B 2 Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 22, 1916. 

conference v7ould decide to act in a in^itter so momentous as the freedom of :2 
smaller nations in Europe, or at least to crrnnt to these nations autonomy. ^ 



-c 



Dr. Iska^s motion v/as referred to the or{7:inisation coiimitteo, which holds its 
meeting next Monday, and at that meeting he will without delay rn^ike his motion ^ 
and see to it that it is carried, and that the docuiient is sent to Gon/^ress. "" 



fS3 



Ill H POIia.TI-^ T 

III B 2 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , Dec* 4, 1915, 

TO ALL B0IIB2.!IAi:S AID ECHE2.!IAIT 

ORa;jiiZATioi:s n Ai-'macAi 

The end of the old year is approaching, and the Ile^;; Year will soon be with 
us. The transition from one year to another is being used as an opportunity 
to give our best wishes to our relatives, friends, and all those with whom 
v/e are, in one way or another, associated* 

This will be the second Kev; Year's Day that nillions of our blood sisters 
and brothers suffer through the privations of v/ar, and still more from the 
oppression of the Austrian military* 

It will be a sad New Year, in which the thousands of crippled, hiindreds of 
thousands of widowed and orphaned, and thousands of imprisoned will be 
marching before the m^ental eyes of our horrified sisters* 






Ill H - 2 - BOIiSI.:iAi: 

III B 2 

I a Denni Hlasate l, Dec. 4, 1915, 

There is only one thin^ being asked for by our nation — to be able to hope 
that, after all this privation and suffering, the nation may start living 
a happier, better, nev; life I 

The v/ar has proved to us here in ilnerica and to our people in the old country 

this one fact: that our nation is atoning for another's sins, paying for ^ 

another's mistakes, and that it will continue atoning as it has heretofore 2 

as long as it does not have complete liberty, the right to self-determination ^ 

and state autonomy, that is, in one v;ord, independence. — 



In these days v/hen the persecution is getting more and more determined and 
is reaching even the wives of our journalists and political leaders, it is 
necessary for Bohemian America to recognize her duty and to do it. 

There is no better time for this than the present transition from one year 
to another! 









Ill H - 3 - BOHSMLW 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel > Dec, 4, 19 15, 

Let every individual, every one of our national organization, make a contribu- 
tion to the New Yearns gift to the Bohemian nation which, in its entirety, 
will bo presented to Professor T. G. Llasaryk and Deputy Durich ^ember of 
Parliament/, in order that they may be enabled to work in accordance with the 
recent proclamation of independence, and fight for the liberation of the 
Bohemian nation with sufficient means for the realization of the beautiful 
dream that now unites all good Bohemian men and women: the independence of 
the Bohemian nation I 

Let us make our sacrifices gladly and in a happy spirit, and, instead of 
many empty talks, let us prove by deeds that v/e both wish and work for a 
better and happier future for our nation. 

Brave Bohemians are fighting on Russia's vast steppes, on the fields of 
Northern France, and in the Balkans for Bohemian independence. They are 
shedding their blood far from their native land, far from their relatives 



'NJ 



Ill K - 4 - EOHEL!IAIT 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 4, 1915# 

and friends^ 

Even though they may be separated fron us by a wide ocean, we are joined 
with then in one beautiful and sacred desirel They are dying; v/e are 
working — must be v/orking— -in order that their deaths may not be in vainl 

Let us all get together and make our sacrifice for the benefit of the ^ 

struggle for Bohemian independence! Tz 

r-— 

All individual donations v/ill be acknowledged by name and by Bohemian- :^ 

American settlements, and the articles acknowledging the donations will 2 
express the thought that the donors are wishing better times and a happier -- 
future to the Bohemian nation* The management of this paper is one of the 
depositories of such donations^ 

Collection blanks v/ill be sent, upon request, by the headquarters of the 
Ceske Narodni Sdruzeni (Bohemian National Alliance) at 3639 ./est 26th Street, 
Chicago, Illinois* 



<.r« 



Ill H BQHHUaAiN 

II D 10 

I G Denni rllasatel , Nov, 84, 1915. 

STir-^iniTY on ARROOAi'Cii:? 

From the Americky Pomocny Vybor (Anerican r^elief Committee /?7) in Vienna we 
have just received a proclamation askinp; us to orp:anize collections for the 
benefit of blinded and crippled Austrian soldiers. The senders have not even 
had sense enow,h to have the proclair.ation which they .vant to see published in 
Bohemian newspapers translated into the Bohemian lan.^uage. All they have sent 
is a r>erman and an iCnfrlish copy. But we should be willing to overlook this 
lack of fTood manners — which, by the way, shov/s what kind of people are behind 
this action — publish it, and bespeak most ^;enerous contributions, if there were 
the slip-htest hope that the money collected amon--" our Bohemian people would be 
used for the benefit of blinded and crippled Bohemian soldiers, the most pathe- 
tic of all the soldiers, becuuse they v/ere forcefully sent to tLe slaughter 
against their will, against their convictions. But there is no such hope. If 
Austria should continue to exist, if it shoul'i have the means to take care of 
the victims of a v/ar which it has waged for the sole purpose of promoting pan- 
German ideals, the Bohemian crippled soldiers will be the very last to receive 
any support. 



Ill H - 2 - BOHlJJaAIT 

'll D 10 
,1 G Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 34, 1915» 

Besides this, it appears very doubtful if any crippled soldiers would receive 
the benefit of money collected as a result of that oroclanation. The money is 
supposed to be sent to the Austro-Hungarian Kinbassy in ./ashington, D.C., v/hich 
will send it to one or another Imperial and Royal bureau in Vienna, -ttnd the 
, Imperial and Royal bureaus novx need every penny to equip other unfortunate youm^ ^ 
men and send t-.em to slaur- ter, to cause nev; thousands of them to be blinded and >■ 
criT)pled, and that is undoubtedly the r)urT:)Ose to xvhich any money that the Im- p 
perial and Royal bureaus can lay their hands on, would be turned. ^ 



Je certainly shall not neglect our dutv toward our crippled brothers, and shall o 

do it as soon as we have the certaintv that the money we send will be received c^- 

by them, and that our contributions v/ill not be used for some more killing and C:j 
crippling. 



en 



Finally, we should like to know who is behind the .iinericky Pomoeny 7ybor. The 
letter accomT)anyin^ the printed proclamation is sir:ned by one Dr. Geo. A, Kubler. 
That name is absolutely unknovm to us and sounds very much German, .vhy are there 



'. Ill H - 3 - BOHUJIAI^^ 

II 3 10 
\ I G Deiini Hlasatel , ::ov. PA, 1915. 

no Slavic or .American names? .-^11 this supports our suspicion that the whole 
action is nothinr but a trao set by the Austrian i-overnment to catcli some 
American doll-irs, one of which is now worth more than six crovms. 









Ill li 30ILJ^Ii\IT 

III B 2 

I G Denni Illasatel , Nov. 22, 1915. 

. BOIIUvlL^iN FRISON.uRS CF \'JIJ{ :^IG SSIPOENG 
THZIR .UI:i:Hia\lJ RIIATTT:SS id© FRIZNDS 

The Ilarodne Socialni Beseda J. V. Fric (J. V. Fric National Socialist Club), 
which regularly nails Bohamian-American publications to Bohemian war prisoners, 
has received a number of enquiries and requests for affecting contacts be- 
tween individual captives and their friends or relatives in ilmerica. 

The following captives held in Omsk, Russia, v.rite that they have relatives or 

friends in /imerica translator's note: Twenty-five names with places of 

birth or residence in Bohemia are omitted in translationj^y 

From Irkutsk in Siberia we have heard from ^hree captivesy^. 

From Bijsko in Siberia ffi^e name^. 

From Serbian camps of captives there are /five name^ seeking their friends. 






CD 



BOHHIL'U J 



III H 

III B 2 

I Dennl Hlasatel , Nov. 22, 1915. 

Those whom this announcement concerns are requested to contact J. J» ?ekl, 
2816 South 3t. Louis Avenue, Chicago, Illinois, j^nclose a stamp for reply. 



i:> 



1-^ 






Ill H BOi^i.:Li:. 

I G Denni lilaGate l, ..ov. 11, 1915. 

Jissatisfciction v;ith uur .^.ction 

A certain lady v/hc desires to i^en'^in anonyMOUG aiid v;liO lias recently returned 
frOii the clc] couiitiv xvhore she h^id h?i(i an or^Dortunitv to fol.lov; tlie develo"^- 
ments ever since t'^e ber,inninr, of t..e v;ar has intinated to us in a conver- 
sation a nuiiber of interostihg observations v;hich v;e do not nesitate to pass 
on to our public • n'e do so after a thorour'.h deliberation and careful con- 
sideration of all vje have been told, .laiat follcivs is not our opinion, but 
a true reproduction of v;hat v;e i.ave heard froi.i her. The subject Liatter is ' 5 
so ij.'iportaiit that we consider it imperative to divul^'^e it for tlie purpose ^ 



of (^.eriei^i infori-ation and discussioii. ^t refers to corditions in t±ie old 
count r:.' and to our action, particularly our political action conducted here 
in behalf of the land ;vhere our cradle stood in ijurope. 

It soe::s tl:at the people in Bohe::iia. are not pleased v;ith everything v:e 
have been doinc nere in ^i..;erica. The political actiou, which no doubt, is 









Ill E " P. - BOliiriSC: 

III B 2 

I G jenni i J- asatol , i:ov. 11, IQio. 

conducted with tiie best of intentioiiif;, is reportec] to us as Iiavinn, so fcr, 
doiie i.iore :..ar: t-iaii r;ood 0V';r tiiere. Jhe ■oeoT')le of 3olienia are of tl^e cidn- 
ion t..at t_-ere is not enou:'i: deliberatici. behind oui" actions, tl'Qt v;e do 
thinf^s v;ith undue haste, anc thc.t v;e do too r.uch talhin^^ rather tlian a^vLrijir. 
Lui' action is said to have dra^::/;ed ti.e na:.:C3 of Many people in Johei.iia in- 
to "oublic discussioii hy ti:e oress, and these -oeoDle are novi pavij./' for it in 
beinr: subject to the af-onies of .».ustrian persecutio:!. .lustrian political 
aut-.orities in tlie old countr/, it is saic, are very -veil inforriCd about 
ever:;thinc that r,0GS oii here, xv^d tnat is ver:' detrii.iental. 'fhe^' iaiov; all 
about cur political action, and t.-O authorities. 

The idea seens to be that v;e here in ^liiierica should act v;iselv and with 
proper deliberation because any iiasty act, no Mattor ho\j trifjinr, it i.iay be 
considered on this side of tiiO Lce^i]., is liable to cause daiiiage the laaf.ni- 
tude of v;hich \:e cannot possibly nave any conception . j^ess talkinc and more 
doin,[r should be our 3lo{^an. joastin": cannot do any r^ood and does a lot of 
dajnase, hliat is needed is deeds — deeds of trul^/ deliberate, serious, Lien 



F 



Ill H - :5 - BOrl^.IiiN 

III 3 ^ 

I G Denni :3-agatel , i:ov. 11, 1915. 

and -vcOMen v;ho are fully av;are oi v;hat tliey are doinf'. and roiov/ liov; to pro- 
ceed in order to be lielpful to the old country, ratlier than deed:i of people 
whose lac-: of ^:ierspicacity causes dana{^e. The lad-"* in Question has talked 
v;ith ::iany pror.inent _oher.:ian political leaders. .^U.1 of the:.i approve of 
irTofessor i.asa]r,'h*s activities because thev do Tint doubt his honesty, Thev 
suc'^cest, hov/ever, that ve should be careful hov; v;e spend the noney we col- 
lect, and thi.at v;e see to it that that noney r-,oes principally to the Boheiilan 
nation, because it is the hohei;iian nation tliat is, and nust rei:.ain, the first 
concern of A;:erican Bohemians, 

The lady also said that Bohoi'iians in the old count r;y^ v/ould like to be sure 
that the Ceske Ilarodni odruzeni (Bohenian hational /illiance) is really an 
organization of just sucli character as it is relieved to be in Bohemia. Jut 
they want i.iore deeds. .JLl they nave zeen there are nany solicitations of 
funds and readiness to send the :..oney to the ri^ht place at the ^n*0T:>er tine. 

Our visitor told us also, after considerable hesitation, that she herself 



Ill i: - 4 - 3CI 



^■""lyT-v 



"*■ 






I G Denni -^iLisatel , I.ov. 11, 3 915. 

had alinost beco/ie one of the viCoi::.s oi* the 3olioriiaii-Aiierican lack of 
perspicacity. ^lLso she v;as bein^ persecuted b3'' Austrian authoritie:' ;vho 
v;ent so far as to threaten her v;ith inprisoni:ent. Believing that that 
lady could render then good and important services, they urged her to 
prouiise them to hecc.T.e their spy in the place where she resided at tliat 
tine, and Inter on also in ^uierica, in v;hich case they v;ould discontinue -^ 
their persecution. Of course, our lady gave them an angr^/ and most em- ^ 
phatic refusal. This offer ] as been repeated several tii-es vjith great 2. 
urgency, and just as many times refused, finally with tjie remark that r; 
they should deal vvith her just as they deal v;itli Ooher people in similar r. 
cases and in full accord vjith their famous methods of persecution. Some ^^ 
of the lady's friends urged her to give in — seemingly at least — to the rZ 
authorities. It took a long time and much money before she succeeded in ^ 
escaping from the old and return free to her nev; countr:^''. ^^e ^""-^.s come ^ 
back with a definite mission which she will carry out in all details, 
particularly in regard to the Narodni Gdruzeni. That mission is the 



Ill K - 5 - 3CK::iJ.:^ 

Ill 3 2 

I G Denni I^lasatel , Kov. 11, 1915. 

reason v/hy she v/ants to keep her identity'- a secret. If it becane imov;n 
it would do han:. not only to herself but also, and more particularly, to 
those v;hose compan;/ she had kept in t:ie old country;*. 

V/hile still in liohaTiia, she had heard and read that the Boheiuians in ^ 

iii.ierica v:onder v;hy there v/as no revolution in ^ioheiiia the minute the v/ar -j^ 

broke out. She had to snile, she said. Tiiey do not v/ant a revolution ^ 

in the old countr:,^ because they knov; that it v;ould fail. They knov; the r^ 

Austrian government onlv too xvell :ind knov: that it :.i<x(i expected and was ^ 

prepared for a revolution in Bohemia, anc- tiiat the fact that it did not j 

occur v;as a sad disappointment for /^stria. a revolution v;ould have been 
nipped in the bud, not only by her ov-ii Ger^.ian and ..agyar regiments that ^ 

are stationed ever^r.vhere that t^e outbreak of revolut.ion had been exTDected, 
but also by parts of tiie Gerr.ian army that v;ere standing reiidy for just that 
emer^/ency. xi'or these reasons the people remained quiet ajid even went so 
far as to offer help in the fora of hospitals, v;hich are noxj the m^ost seri- 
ous concern of a larf^e majority of tiie Boheriian people. The people do not 



±1 11 - O - l>U lL^..l.:ll4 

III 3 2 

I G Denni iJLasatel, llov. 11, 191I3. 

want to give the goyerrLr:ieiio t.ie slif^litest cause for any kind of inter- 
vention, because the v;ar is quite enou.-Ii of a catactropLe aiid a suf- 
ficient source of j.aiser;/' a-.u sorrov; for then. 



«. " 



Oti.envise she v;as nob Yory coiai;iU]iicative in regard to condioions over there. > 
^i.11 she said was that the living: is ver:' expensive in tne old cou.itr^r and 7 

that a ^'reat deficiency, even absence, of all foodstuffs and ot:icr con- ^^ 

ip.oditics is e::pectev. vory sooji. -.r^ces are e:ctra:.iely hii;;;li and there are r 

cases where a person who lias tne .uone-/ to spend is unable to buy v/Iiat ho .▼■ 

wants. Dailv there are sad and patl.otic scenes in front of sho'os where 
victuals are sold a::d v:hic]i are under the supervision of tne city and the 
.Tiilitar:.' authoritios. Ji:..ilar scenes occur in fro^it of tjie places v/nere "^-^ 

the so-called "bread cards" of unhappy renown are beinf* issued to the people, 
and in frOiit of baheries v;..ere they are e.ccha.'i.^'ed — v;ith the additioii of rionev 
— for bread. I'he ol^ country has an alto.-etl.er different appearenee fron 
what it used to havo. It rese:.:bl:-is an iirjTiiense hospital into whicli a steady 
streaj.: of freshly vjounded soldiers is flowin?? ajid on whose ^'.rounds 



CT" 




3C::J..Z;u; 



*-v 



DeMiii irilasatel , I.ov. 11, 1915. 



convalesceiios tirj to recapture tLeir iiealth by vjalks in tue fresh air, Uut 
v;hat a sif-ht tl^e :;ajorit.y of these convaloGcents offerl Uany are vjithout f. 

ar.^as, legs, and other parts of ^:.e body, cripples ^'jr life vjith the possibly 
sadest outlook into tlie future, .ind those are all over, in cities, towns, 
dovm to tiie smallest villares. 



/ 



c r 



Ill H 30!i:i.!L'iIT 

III 3 2 

I G Denni Hlasatal. Cct. .?i5, 1915. 

piLiiii::::? :j37TITII to th.^ c:i3K:i iiarodio: sdhu::::i:i 

The Geske Ilarodni Sdruzeni (::0h3:Tiian Ilntional Alli:.mce) of C!-iica:20 has 
received the following cble^ran: 

^'I feel obli-^ed to offer ycu :t' a^^olo^v and an exr-ression of i^^y deer) re "tret 

that I ain unable, because of illness, to -leej) ny pro.Tiise to preside over 

the inaur^'ural lecture of Professor :.:asar:^k, I have conrratulated the 

I^oyal College on his acquisition, cind I have be^n ..ble to :-ive hi i the 

assurance that he is cordially v/elcone to LOi'.don as a teacher whose personality ^ 

and v;isdo:i have rnade an i'lr-jression u-^on the -/hole Slavic v;orld, and also as 

a man v;hose p:reat coura.-e v;e fullv a^^^reciate. V/e are convinced that his 

■presence in London ;ill ad-l to the s'^'^^ipath^^ existinr: betv/een the "^.ussian 

nation and Oreat "Iritain. The Allies are v/a.f^in^_: the war, in the first 

place, for the freedom of snail nations, for th3ir libaration fron the 

tyranny of th^ir rnore -oov.'erful neighbors, and to enable tho;:i to develop 



CO 



Ill -^ - £ • 

III B 2 

I Ct Denni Ilagatol, Cct. .33, 1915 • 



BCII •i:i.2T 



their ovv-n national talants ..nd ^;overn!n9ntal constitutions. Cur thou^Jits ^ 

and s^n.ipathias are now primarily direct od to Serbia, .vhose intrepidity is fjainin£: j^ 
for her nev; friends and inoreasin/-: admiration* f= 






Ill II 

III 2 

I a 

lY 

III B 
III 



T5 



CIEI.'LM,- 



O 



Deruii laasatel. Set. lo, 1915. 



Ill 



.J 



2 (Croatian) 
2 ( Serbian) 
2 (Slovak) 

Ttie hall 



CHICAGO SL'tVS PROTr:ST 
Reject Duri.ba^s Insult 



of the rilsen Auditorium yesterday v;itnessed a 
po;;eri'ul and unified protcrt ai-ainst the insults ;/Lich Dr. Duiiiba inflicted 
upon tho Bohemian and Slavic peopla ;;hcn he cl'iimed that they are uned- 
ucated, read nothing, and may bo enlisted for Austria*s ends v;ith mere 
promises, v;hile the Crerjian people are intelligent, discuss all current 
events, and are therefore also friendly LC./ard Austria's objectives. It 
is only natural that a protest had to bo voiced arninst this insolence and 
that the representative of the Austrian government, v/hich has been sending 
thousands and thcusan:is of our finest men to slauchter on the battlefields, 
had to be put in his place. True encurh, the Austrian .government is not the 
only one .ihOLe iianhcod bleeds in this v/ar, but the indisputable, historic 
truth ii-: thr.t the Austri.-n rovernmcnt, in obedience to orders fro:.: Berlin, 
is the one to inaugurate this v;orld-v;ide slaugbter Oi huir.anity v;hose end and 



r ^ 

N, ^ 

r . 



Ill H - 2 - 30HB2HlrJJ 

Denni Hlasatel, Sept. 13, 1915. 



Ill B S 




I G 




rv 




III B 2 


(Croatian) 


III B 2 


(Serbian) 


III B 2 


(Slovak) 



effect are yet in the aim and distant future. It is, 
therefore, also resj^onsible for all this bloodshed. 

Yesterday's demonstration assembled once again the v.hole 
Slavic family and furnished the evidence of that Slavic co-operation, Vvhose 
existence has been questioned by so laany uf our people until recently, and 
\vhich can be or real value when used in practical politics in matters con- 
cerning the olc country. 

The days are past v»hen Vienna could accuse the Slavs of disunity and petty 
bickering artificially produced and nurtured by our enemies, in order that 
others roay take advantage of us and reap cheap benefits. This is not the 
first time wnen our unity became so clearly apparent, a unity v.hich, Vvhile 
quite natural, is also quite indispensable v.hen real results are to be 
achieved in these difficult, history-i.iakin^ times. But it v^ould be a great 
mistotke to relapse into idleness aft^r a meeting of this sort, no matter how 
successful, ana v.-ait for somebody to insult us again and thus wake us from 



Ill H - 3 - BQH^MIiiN 

Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. 1:5 , 1915. 

beautiful, but useless, drea:ris. 7'hat we need now is a 
continuous political education, an education free from 
all Utopian ideas, an education which will make our 
people capable of purposeful, and therefore valuable 
and fruitful political \\ork. 



Ill B 2 




I G 




i-v 




III B 2 


(uroatian) 


III B 2 


(Serbian) 


III B 2 


(Slovak) 



After the opening of the meeting by the president of the Ces'ce Narodni 
Sdruzeni (Bohemian National Alliance), Dr. Jaroslav S. Vojan was introduced. 
He delivered a long and excellent speech in which he completely refuted the 
statements made by Dr. Dumba and stressed our gratitude to President Wilson 
for his prompt action in this case. Ke explained that the President, hav- 
ing made a rapid and thorough investigation of Dr. Dumba's activities, im- 
mediately cabled Vienna and requested the recall of Dr. Dumba from 
?:ashington. (a Ion** applause.) 

Just like DuiTiba, the .lUstrian consul in Cleveland, whose activities resemble 
those of Dumba, should be sent home (Bravol) V/e know that there is plenty 






-T5 

w — 

C : 



TJ 



III H - 4 - BQH:::M;iN 

III B £ 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 13, liJl5. 

IV 

III B 2 (Croatian) of money available, saia Dr. Vojan, for those 'v.ho Vwill 
III B 2 (Serbian) ^ork Tor Austria's objectives in this country. This 
III B 2 (Slovalc) money is being used by the representatives of the ciual 

Monarchy to svjay public opinion, at least that part of 
it vjhich is susceptible and .gullible enough to accept lies for truth. 
Eaving outlined the political development of Bohemi^in lands since the year 3^ 
of 1848, Dr. Vojan proved thiit Dr. Dumba has not even the slightest con- 
ception of the cultural life of the Bohemian people, and it is therefore 
easy to refute his stateT^ents and return the insult to its source. Ad- 
hering to the opinion of Palacky /the rirct modern historian of the Bohemian 
nation^ that Austria will exist as long as the Slavs tolerate its existence, 
we, hs S1c:Vs, soleiiinly proclaim that v;e do not want Austria any .aore, that 
we do not desire its further existencel 

His speech was followed by an address by Dr. Osusky, who talked on behalf 
of the Slovaits. his spirited address left a deep impression on the whole 
audience. Its tone was calm but most effective, and therefore rewarded by 



Ill H - 5 - 3oh^:mi.ji 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 13, 1915. 

11 

III B 2 (Croatian) inany bursts of applause. In t^eneral, he talked about 
III B 2 (Serbian) the oppression of the Slovaics in Hungary and of the 
III B 2 (Slovak) lack of ^gratefulness on the part of the Austro-Hungarian 

governraent for the services rendered it by the Bohemians 
and Slovaks, as ;.ell as t^e other Slavic nations of the :jonarchy, in times 
of distress and danger. Once the c. anger had been averted, the persecution 
of the Slavs becauie stionger and more unbearable, iit the present time, •:;:^- 
hovjever, the Slovaks have learned enough from history to know that only that 
£0vern;r.ent has the right to exist vvhich takes care of the nation's supreme 
needs, that is, culture anc education. j.t is only the Austrian and iiungarian 
governments that deny their nations the opportunity for education, for inde- 
pendent cultural development, a fact supported in their implication also by 
Dumba*s claims, and therefore these govermaents have no right to rule these 
nations. (Bravo, applause) • in revievanc v-hcit the AUstro-Hun^;arian govern- 
ment has done for its nations we see that it was nothing more and nothing 
less than putting obstacles in the way of their development. Apponyi, who, 
during his tour through America, never failed to Liaintain that Hungary is an 



Ill B 2 




1 G 




IV 




III B 2 


IGroatian) 


III B 2 


(Gerbian) 


III B 2 


{Slovak) 



:j> 



III K - 6 - BQITiiaAN 

Deiini Klasatel , Sept. lo, 1915. 

island o:* liberty, stated here in Chicago that any 
attempt at independence of non-LIagyar nations of Hungary 
will — ^in that land of liberty — be suppressed by force. 
Lnder such condi^ionb it is quite clear that the Slovaks 
cannot be enthusiastic for the Austrian cause. Those who do not help in the 
fight ar:ainst .T.en like Dumba, and by th^t token also against Austria, deserve ^ 
nothing else, upon tneir possible return to the olu country, but the gallows, 
many of Vnich, according to Dr. Duiriba, are being prepared in Austria just 
for that purpose. (Applause; ) 

Editor Paladic /the ncime is at times spelled "Palandech^ spoke on behalf of 
the Serbs, and Professor j* J. Zmrhal addressed Lhe meeting in English. He 
Was f.iven the task of explaining the Bohemian and Slavic attitude toward the 
recent events in the language v.hich all people, members of all nations in 
.Mmerica, understand. This v;as of particular importance because the meeting 
was attended by reporters of the American newspapers in Chicago. Professor 
Zmrhal •s speech was a most excellent one, and it was received vdth general 



Ill H - 7 - I2CIIH:!.:IAIT 

III B 2 

I G Dennl laasatel , Sept, 13, 1915. 

VI 

III 15 2 (Oro&tian) approval. 

Ill B 3 (Jorticm) 

III !2 2 (Slovak) Profesoor Znu^hal based his speejch on tv;o premises: 

First, th: t v;ith the advent of the Slavs, the ;;orld 
v/ill receive : nei/, more refined, her-lthier an-.i more advanced culture th-m % 
the one by ":hich it is dominated at this time. Ihe rreatest v.riters of "^ 
the tiventietli century, the rre-itest artists, the c^^-test creative spirits 'f 
in sciences, -./'ill co2ie into the li^:ht in the era v/hicii nov; berins and which 
is beinr ushered in by Russia, the crec-test repre:ent- tive of the Slavs. 
The second premise on v/hich Professor Zrj?hal based his lecture -jas opposi- 
tion to r.ilitarism. Tnis is uite natural, he said: The ..hole Slavic cul- 
ture is founded on the true love of all humanity, therefore v/e must propagate 
antimilitaristic tendencies. Cur purpose laust be to abolish militarism 
both in the old countries and here in the Union. That v;ill insure peace 
v/hich is necessr.ry to all creativu ..-ork. ..orkinc in that direction, v;e must 
of necessity ficht everything th-t pror.otes militarism and perpetuates its 
rule. The common people are alre-ady antimilitaristic, therefore their 



Ill H - 8 - BOHEMIA!^ 

Ill B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 13, 1915. 

IV 

III B 2 I Croatian) sympathies are v.ith the Slavs. 

Ill B 2 (Serbian) 

III 3 2 (Slovak) Dr. Biankini spoke for the Croatians. He showed that 

he has not lost any of the punch which characterized 
his speeches in the Vienna parliai.ient, of vihich he was a member prior to 
his settling in Aiaerica. Speaking about the political struggles of the m 
Croatians against absolutism, against the suspension of the Croatian con- 5 
stitutional rights, against the rule of absolutistic bans, against the ^ 
Hungarians, who have been engaged for decades in the process of ruining r 
Croatia, he found all the zeal ana elan that distinguished his oratory in ^ 
the Vienna parliament. His speech, permeated by an ardent love of his coun- c 
try, also contained words of scathing criticism of that part of the Croatian 
press which is subsidized by Austrian money and through which the Austrian 
government is trying to mislead the Croatian people in iUnerica. 

The Slovene, Dr. Alois Truker, followed Dr. 3iankiai, and after his address 
the following resolution was adopted at the meeting: 



- J 



Ill H - 9 - BOETilML'JJ 

III B 2 

1 G Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 15, 1915. 

lY 

III B 2 (Croatian) "The participants of the meeting hold in the Filsen 

III B 2 (Serbian) Auditorium Septenber 12, 1915, agree upon the following 

III 3 2 (Slovak) protest: 

**VJhereas, The former subjects of i^ustria-Hungury as v-ell as those v.ho imrii- 5 

grated to this country froa that unfortunate Eiipire, have been mercilessly ^^ 

attacked by the Austrian Aiabassador Duiiba on the occasion of his defense of p 

his subversive activities, by calling them ignorant and uneducated and ^ 

adding that they are unable to stand by thei;isel\es in this country/, and o 



r^3 



'•v;hereas. In talld-ng about them in this unheard-of manner, he assaulted 

their chL.racter a^ citizens of these united States of America, implying that S 

they are liable to become traitors to the best interests of this country, 

and 

"Whereas, V,e consider it our very first duty to be loyal to this country 
Vvhich we have adopted and v.hose best citizens v;e endeavor to be; therefore 



Ill H - 10 - SOIiExMIiLN 

III B 2 

1 G Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 13, 1915. 

1\ 

III E 2 (Croatian) be it 
III B 2 (Serbian) 

III B 2 (Slovak) "Resolved, That we refute most energetically and em- 
phatically the assaults and insults of the Austrian Aiii- -^ 
bassador Dr. Duiaba, as based on lies and malice. Be it further 



'^Resolved, That v.e refute in bitterne&s the i^iplicaticn of Austrian nia- 
bassador, Dr. Duiaba, that v.e .lii^^ht becoi.ie disloyal to the interests of the 
United States. This implication v.e denounce as the blackest malice of an 
Austrian ambassador against former subjects of his country. Be it further 

"Resolved, That the nations represented at this meeting, former Austrian 
subjects, are quite able to taku care of themselves and therefore reject 
most empliatically Dr. Dumba*s attempt to hide behind them in the defence of 
his conspiracy. Be it further 

"Resolved, That Dr. Dumba's claim that he is able to control and bribe the 



-T5 



Ill H - 11 - 3QH^A'II/iN 

III E 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 15, 1915. 

IV 

III B 2 (Croatian) nenbers of the nations represented at this meeting is 
III B 2 (Serbian) based on complete i£::norance, arrogance, ana loalice, 
III If 2 (Slovak) v.hich qualities have alv.ays been the characteristics 

of the Austrian bureacracy, Vvhich has never found it 
worth the vihile to learn the true character of the people v.hom it vi/as to ;; 
serve. Be it further 



s 



"Resolved, That Austrian Ambassador Dumba^s presence in the United State 
is detrimental to the v;elfare of naturalized citizens who caiae to this 
country from Austria. His continued presence in this country is obnoxious 
to all United States citizens hailing from that Monarchy. Be it further 

"Resolved, That v;e reject and conc.e:an any sympathies with the v^arring 
nations v.hich co so far as tc endanger the best interests of the American 
people; vje condexon them as treason against this country, to vvhich vje pledged 
absolute loyalty v.hen we had the great pleasure anc satisfaction of renounc- 
ing the allegiance to European monarchs. And be it further 



Ill H - 12 - B0H:^:.IIAN 

III B 2 

I G Deani Hlasatel , Sept. 13, 1915. 

IV 

III B 2 (Croatian) ^'Resolved, That v;e proclai.Ti our loyalty to any ana all 

III B 2 (Serbian) duties we took upon ourselves when v^e faecaiae American 

III B 2 (Slovak) citizens, anc; are always ready to perform them under 

any and all conditions." 

V 

This resolution was unanimously adopted and signed by the Ceske Narodni 
Sdruzeni (Bohemian National Alliance), the Srbska Jednota (Serbian Union), 
The Ghorvatska Liga (Croatian League) and the Slovenska Straz (Slovak Guard). 
It carries an aiaendment approving of the steps taken by the United States 
Government leading to the removal of Dr. Dumba from the United Stcites. 

Local English -language newspapers deal uith this meeting on their first 
pages. Although the Chicago Examiner is notoriously a black-yellow 
A"^strian colors/ paper, it could not ignore the resolution of the Slavic 
population of our city. Its first page carries a detailed report of this 
meeting under the heading: ''Austrians of Chicago Denounce Dr. Dumba," 
and the full text of the resolution adopted at the meeting. 




Ill H BomgjiAH 

I G 

IV Denni Illasatel. Sept. 12, 1915. 

IV (Jewish) 

FOR til; defense of the boiiel^ians' good 

NAIffi AGAINST DUMBa 
Chicago's Slavic Population //ill Deal with 
Austrian Ambassador's Provocation in the 

Auditorium Today 
Congressman A. J. Sabath's Letter to President Wilson 

^^^If-tone, three column-sixth of a page, portrait of Dr. Dumba/^ 

The Austrian Ambassador in Washington, Dr. Dumba, has been a guest in this 
country. He has been using this hospitality in a manner which corroborates 
our old saying about comforting a viper on one's own bosom. An Austrian 
nobleman in name, he has been guilty of criminal deeds elsewhere besides the 
United States. Ambassadors who are our guests are expected not to set our 
roof afire, not to try to deprive us of our livelihood, and not to endanger 
our families by their questionable and definitely criminal plotting. In 
Dr. Dumba' s case anyone who entertained such expectations would have been 
disappointed — even those who, in their charity, have been closing one or even 



/ 




III H - 2 - BOHLIOLAN 
I G 

IV Dennl Hlasatel , Sept* 12, 1915. 
IV (Jewish) 

both eyes at the clumsiness in diplomatic and social circles 
which he has manifested in his utterances and articles on many occasions. 
Some time ago, in an article in the North iUnerican Review concerning the 
causes of this war, he ran against the good name and reputation of the Slavic 
nations. He has been given a prompt reply by a member of our editorial staff, 
lUr. Skala, who, in an article published in a prominent place by the Daily News 
and a number of New York papers, disclosed the true and real causes of this 
war. This, it seems, held Dr. Dumba for a few months, but his hatred of every- 
thing Bohemian did not diminish. Recently, after the disclosure that he has 
been organizing strikes in this country, the country whose hospitality he 
has enjoyed, strikes by which he attempted to cripple whole industries and 
deprive thousands of families of their livelihood, he gave new vent to his 
hatred in a special interview with American newspaper reporters. He made the 
bare-faced statements that the Bohemian element is unintelligent, does not know 
how to read and write, and doesn't read anything, while the German v/orkingiaen 
are ^'some corkers, ** with an all-round education, able to talk intelligently about 
any and everything, men with whom one can deal sensibly. But the way to deal 



III H - 3 - BOIia^IAN /o^ ;>, 
I G , '' "^iM \\ 

IV Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. 12,1915. V: 'V/ 
IV (Jewish) ^" ^ ,-> 

v/ith the Bohemian workingmen is to promise them on one hand every- 
thing under the sun, on the other to put God's fear into them in the old coun- 
try, threaten them with police investigations, persecute them by court 
martial, and otherwise deal with the relatives of American Bohemians in the 
old country so that American Bohemians will think tv/ice before trying to make 
an honest living by ivorking in factories that manufacture war materials for 
the Allies. 

Of course, Dumba's statements aroused our public to a considerable extent. V/e 
have considered it our duty to protest on behalf of our countrymen against 
Dumba's insults and his efforts to diminish the value of the work of Bohemian 
and other Slavic workingmen in the United States, and have expres.sed the ex- 
pectation that the matter at hand will not remain without the attention of our 
Congressman A. J. Sabath. In this expectation v/e have not been disappointed. 
Prompted by our article, Mr. Sabath, on the eighth of September, sent a letter 
to President V/ilson. V/e quote: 




III H - 4 - BOHSI.IIi\K 
I G 

IV Dennl KLasatel, Sept. 12^ 1915. 
IV (Jewish) 

'•To His j3xcellency //oodrow V/ilson, President of the United 
States, Viashington, D. C. 

^}fy dear Mr. President, 

"Together with millions of rightly thinking citizens I approve wholeheartedly 
the steps you have been taking in these exciting times. I am convinced that 
all loyal American citizens have utmost confidence in your energetic political 
actions relative to our international situation, and I am sure that you will 
not permit our country to become engaged in the gigantic struggle now being 
waged in Europe. I can understand that the serious tasks you have to perform, 
the serious problems you have to solve, fully occupy your attention, and it is 
for that reason that I venture to call your attention to an interview of 
Austrian Ambassador Dumba, who is trying to justify his unwarranted interven- 
tion in our internal affairs by wilfully insulting a large number of our people 
who, although formerly Austrian subjects or children of former Austrian 
subjects, now are good and true, patriotic American citizens. He should be 




III H - 5 - BQH3/JAN > *"" 
I ,1 

IV Dennl Hlasatel, Sept. 12, 1915. \ -'^ 
lY (Jewish) 

immediately condemned for the shameful arrogance with ivhich he 
maintains that these people (that is people of Slavic nationality) are 
ignorant and that he can use them, therefore, to incite strikes in various 
industries in the United States, --according to my opinion, his statements made 
him impossible /sioTf and I an making the polite request that, while consider- 
ing his program as disclosed by Archibald's letters, you would also kindly take 
this insult into consideration, and demand that he be recalled by the Austrian 
governments An action of this kind will make other representatives of foreign 
countries understand that you would not tolerate either their interference in 
our internal affairs or their insults to a large percentage of our population. 

^Yours very truly, 

""a. J. Sabath.'' 

A fine counterpart to this action of Congressman Sabath, who has proved by it 
that he is a staunch defender of the rights of both our immigrants and our 



III H - 6 - BOITHailAN . ■^ 

IV Denni Hlasatel . Sept. 12, 1915. \^^ 
17 (Jewish) V 

citizenry, is the resolution of the Cesko-Slovanske Podporujici 
Spolky (Bohemian-Slavonic Benevolent Societies) as published in this paper 
yesterday. 

In addition to all this, a huge protest mass meeting is going to be held in 
the Pilsen Auditorium at 2:00 P. M. today. It will be participated in by our 
Slavic brothers, and their speakers will also address the meeting. It is up 
to our countrymen to attend this meeting in large numbers and thus show that 
they can not only read, but also properly deal with those who insult them 
and who tried — and cannot any more now — to deprive them and their feimilies of 
their livelihood. 

After that, v/e shall have done with Dr. Dumba. But let us not forget that 
Dr. Dumba is not more than a wheel in the whole system that sends our people 
to be slaughtered on the battle fields, and the best brains of our nation to 
the gallows. If Dr. Dumba has dared to try putting into operation a plan by 
which thousands of American families would be put into misery and confusion. 




III H - 7 - BOHEMIA N'^ 

IV Denni Hlasatel. Sept. 12. 1915, \'V'^^'' 






IT (Jewish) 

if he has dared to insult the Bohemian people in such a shameless 
manner, here, where he has to exercise at least a degree of restraint, where 
can the limit be to which his "boss^,the Austrian government, is likely to go 
in the persecution of our brothers in the old country, where there is nobody 
to stop it and where our people are completely at its mercy? 

In our present protest against Dumba we are raising our voices against the 
bloodthirsty system prevailing in the Austrian Monarchy, a system that murders 
our fathers, brothers, and friends. 



113 :i 

i A 1 a 



,r« 



BC^Ij^.x.vi 



!■ 



Dennl iaa.:atel , Jept* 31, 1915. 

SCiLOLJ FlLL^j TO OV^.t?LC.;iivG '.ilT'i BOIi:.i.:i.u^: CaLDIblTJ 

(Sditorial) 

The fact tr.at the scnools are filled to overxlov/inG ^v?t:. Eoaeipian c.iildren 
is "crie very best refutation of tne InsuD.t v/.iic i tiie .jistrian Anba.^cador, 
Dr. Dumba, inflicted on ^^ae Echeriiian worrcinsnen by saying that tr.ey are un- 
educated, ns a c^iaraterl st ic of t::e prevailing conditions we wish to 
mention that we are not only the first ones, but so far the only ones who 
have uncompronislr^ly taken tne part of our v/orkingmen against t:.e accusations 
of /lUstrian .unbassador Dumba, wno has said that the Bohemian element is un- 
educated. This, of course, do*^.? not r.ean that v/e are alone Ir. protesting 
against these insult?; and against the atteiant to da::iage Bohemian families, 
a circumstance v:aich v/ill be clearly explained to Dr. Duriba in the very 
near future. 



Ill H 
I G 



BOHEaOAN 



Denni Hlaaatel, Sept* 4, 1915» 



1HE PRESENT POLITICAL SITUATION OF 1HE BOHEMIAN NATION 
(By the London Correspondent of the Ceske Narodni Sdruzenl 

^Bohemian National Alliance/) ^ 

One eighth or one tenth of the nerabers of the Bohemian nation living outside '^ 
the borders of Austria-Hiingarj^ and Germany have a most difficult and >i- 

responsible task to perform in this war: to direct the Boheraian politics, that ^^ 
is, the so-called ••hi^" politics. The Bohemian nation in its ovm country f: 
must remain politically inactive • It nust not even as much as express its 
opinion, or publicly manifest its wishes and desires, much less take active 
part in dealing xvith political matters. It sounds like a paradox, but we 
who live in ^enenj'' countries" have much more freedom and liberty than our 
countrymen in their own land. 

Consequentljr, overseas Bohemians have taken the political reins of the nation 
in their own hands. Since the people at home are not free to express their 






^ 



Ill H - 2 - BQHBMIAM 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , Sept, 4, 1915. 

viev/s, it becones our right and duty to speak and act for them. ThUvS, we 

also carry a great deal of responsibility for the future developiaent of 

the Bohemian nation. How shall we acquit ourselves of the obligation? Only 

history viill give the correct answer • ^ 

Immediately after war was declared, we took sides unaniirkDusly and unequivocally, 
with the Triple Entente, and have tried, as far as conditions have permitted, ^ 
to help it to victory* This automatically made for the anti -Austrian and 
anti-German trend of our politics. As a consequence of the first step we '^ 
have been obli^^ed to adopt a definite political program. This program is 
simple and clear: the independence of the Bohemian nation* 

Having adopted this program it becaiw our natural duty to find out whether or 
not ive have the agreement of the whole Bohemian nation. V/e are firmly 
convinced that we have. Who would not desire the independence of the Bohemian 



Ill H • 3 - BOHEMIAN 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel ^ Sept. 4, 1915* 

nation? All Boheiiian political parties had the so-called '^Statni Pravo" 
(State risht, or **hoiiie rule,** a mDveirient in every respect similar to that of 
the Irish prior to the establishinent of Eire) in their programs. Only the 
Socialist-Democratic party did not agree with the idea of the Statni Pravo, 
but what yas its reason? Certainly not that it would not desire the 
independence of the Bohemian nation, but because the Statni Pravo was 
impossible of realization \mder non^ial conditions. This is very clearly 
apparent now: Bohemian independence cannot be achieved except with the help 
of other countries and as a result of great internatioi^l conflicts. 

In working;, then, for Bohemian independence we may be sure of the full 
agreeriBnt of the v/hole Bohemian people. All tltat now remains to be answered 
is the question whether or not Bohemian independence can be realized, can 
be achieved. The realization of Bohemian independence obviously depends on 
the victory of the iUJLies over Germany. Without that victory there can be 
no independence — that, I believe, is a knoT/n fact. Of course, ^;ge all firroly 



Ill H - 4 - BOHSMIiai 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 4, 1915. 

believe that the Allies will win and that, therefore, Bohemian independetioa 
will become a reality, but let us ti^ to answer the question of what would 
happen if the Allies did not win, or if their victory were not to be such as to 
enable then to exact the requirement of Bohemian independence as one of the 
conditions of peace. Would that be the end of us? Certainly not. There is 
no need to fear. Our indeponderice woild be, of course, gDne, but not the 
existence of the nation. We should be facing GerioQiiy^s ire and violence, 
but we should succeed in defendinrr; ourselves. We are not alone in the ivorld. 
We have the syropathy of all the democracies of the ;vorld, and the support of 
all Slavs. The a;vareness of our allegiance to the great Slavic group of 
nations engenders in us new strength, new vital energy, and daring hopes for 
the future. It has succeeded in leading us out of the deepest national 
deterrioration to the present flourishing state of our economic and cultural 
life, and it will lead us furtlier — to full political freedom and econonic 
independence. 



Ill H - 5 - Boiia.ii;j\T 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel, Sept. 4, 191c, 

« 

All this?, of course, v.culci apply cnli^ in case the v/ar v/ere to take a bad 
turn. Lluiy of our countr2^en ask what v;oulcl happen to us in case the v/ar 
(Ices take a bad end. I should like to reply that it v/ould not be as sad 
as one ni^ht thing, and that, therefore, nobody should be afraid of the 
consequences of our anti-^.ustrian politics, our anti-i ustrian propa.^^anda. 
No nation hias ever received itj-^ ri^:hts by spinnlesnness and submission, but many 
of them have exacted respect and admiration even of their foes by energetic 
and darin^; v/ords and deeds. 

However, the billies* victci^^ is certain. Kence our duty is to (^et readj*" for 
it and to knov: what v/e want, to be clear and definite in our deinands. V/hen 
the time cones to deal with the Bohemian question, when we shall be asked 
what we want, it will be necessary to give a definite, concrete, and unanimous 
reply. In givine: it or not giving it we shall shov; cur political maturity 
or cur political childhood. i\nd tliat is what will decide our future. 



Ill H - 6 - BOHFMIAN 

I G 

Denni Hlasatel , Sept, 4, 1915# 

At the present time it is necessary to raoblise all our men and all our 
resources. It is necessary to enlist every Bohemian, every Bohemian must 
become an active part of our movement for independence of the Bohemian 
nation. Furthermore it is necessary that absolute unity prevail in our 
camp. These historic tlies do not permit us to indulise in the pleasures of 
partisanship, in the delight of political competition. A small nation must 
act as one vvholo, one being, ivhen it wants to achieve Its rights. 

Finally it is necessary to awake our Slavic consciousness, our Slavic feeling. 
It is in the Slavic people tliat our strength, our future lies. The stronger 
and the more firmly entrenched the idea of unity and brotherhood is in 
Slavonic nations, the better chances we shall have, the iHDre calmly, more 
securely shall we be able to look forward into the fut^ire. 

It has been said that Bohemian independence depends on the Allies' victory. 



Ill H - 7 • BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel ^ Sept. 4, 1915 • 

That fact itself gives us the obligation to do all we can to help then to 
achieve that victory. There are many ways in which this can be done. But 
the best way is to \work for and promote the smooth, rapid, and uninterrupted 
supply of munitions to the Allied armies. That will hasten their, and our, 
victory. 



^ 

"Y 
>' 



, I 



III H BOHSI.IIAII 

I G 

D enni Hlasatel , Auc* 29, 1915. 

CHICAGO DAILY JOURIL\L 
ABOUT THE EOIEJ/JANS 

The resolution and clear manifestation of the Bohemian point of view of r 

the relationship of the Bohemian nation to the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy ^ 

made public in its English text as reprinted in yesterday^s issue of 5 

our paper has, quite naturally, aroused attention also in the English 

language papers, and the Chicago Daily Journal devotes an editorial to 

it. 7/e are not among those who are elated about any and everything an 

American newspaper prints about the Bohemians. Much of it is erroneous, 

based on ignorance and, sometimes, bias. But the remarks of the Chicago 

Daily Journal are so pertinent and flattering that we feel we should make 

them known to our readers* 

The Chicago Daily Journal , a publication favorable to Slavic ambitions, 
deals with the mentioned proclamation in an article entitled, '^Bohemians 
for America and against Austria**. The article outlines the standpoint 
of the Ceske Narodni Sdruzeni (Bohemian national Alliance) and continues 
as follows: 



c 



i r 



Ill II - 2 - BOICI^n/iN 



G 



Denni Hlasatel, Aug. 29, 1915, 



**This proclamation should serve as an exajnple to all American citizens 
of foreign extraction. V/e do not care to have here any hyphenated 
patriots. V/e do not v;ant any double allecirnce. V/e require loyalty i^ 

, of th^it kind v^hich is manifested by these ^Americans of Bohemian origin* 
v/ho have for the United States a loyalty pure and sincere, devoid of any 
moral taint and spiritual restraint. The Bohemians have laerited an ex- 
pression of thanks, and the confidence of every A^aerican**. 



The Chicago Daily Triuune v/rites in a similar vein, stressing the fact 
that the Geske IJarodni Sdruzeni has throv/n out the hyphen of the ''Bohemian 
American^ bj declaring that we are loyal to the United States only* 



!t» 









Ill I: 



i301ii.J.-vlI 






y" 



{ifroi;; tiie JerA\Q ..eiJoCnil odruzeni /3o]iei.iian 

l.a'oional ^illiance/) 

The ?jCliei::ian cause has received a v/-:.r:.: rece'^tion in the .:ritish press. .^ 
nuiabor of Triejids oi* ui.e hoheniMn natio:: are iiov; iiirorj-iinr, z.iq jritish ^ 

public of the rcrieral situation and t:.c demands of t:.e Bohej.iian na-.ion, 
and are T^rerjarin;-* :jritish public ooiniun for tliO tijiie M-ihen the ooher.ian 
question v;ill cone to the 3t ace of dii)lo:..:itic nogotiation. foday it is quite 
safe to say, vjitii satisfacticri, tnat zhe hohe::iian ouestion will not disap- 
pear froiri the huropean international forui:, and t-hat it has reached an all- 
Euroi')ecn iraportance. To be sure, Boherlan contacts with other nations nave 
been r;rowin/-: durin.^- reccut aecades, but these were econonic and cultural 
•contacts, not political ones. !^n intcrnaoional oolitics, the leaders of 
the Bohemian na-oion have alvrays been i.iost careful, h.owever, the 3oiier.ian 
ouo::tion is receiving; attention Oii its ov;n accomit and nerits. x-'omier 
honeiiiian contacts vjitii the outside were alwavs of the r;iost iniiocent nature 



-4 






III 2i - l: - M^i^i 

r G 

because the xoreir.n, tind particularly IJritisi;, public had no deep under- 
stjuidinr, of the ^.oheiiian cause. Jven several noiit.xS after tiie outbrea^: 
of the war, there v;as no idea aj.Oiir- zue allies of solvin/5 ti.e Central 
jjuropean problem 'oy parti ti(^ninr. .-lustria and /?,ivi}i.^'^ ner component nauions 
inderjenOeiice, In the course of the dcvelopi.icntG brouf^ht about by the v/ar 
it has bccor.e apparent that the e:'::-)ect^Hl revolution in Austria will never 
tar.e ^.lace — because it would obviouslv be suicidal for Austria's non- f^ 

GerTian nations — and those v;ho iiad been friends of une johej.iiaii nr^tion be- "-^ 
fore tiie war v;ere becoiiiii- interested, throur'ii the work of _;o'hei.:icin jr- -!-■ 

caiii/'Mtions outside ohe country, in tiie solution of ti^e AJstrian problem 
in the onlv just and -jroT^er i.anner, o:^at is, bv liberation of .Austria's 
conponents. 'Jhe fact tndt tuis solution x.as never entereci tuo i..inds of ^ j 

-.ritisii and French diT>loii.ats before is easy to exDiaiji. ^jjefore tne vjur 
io would have oeen considered, by the i^'rench and Britisii, as a direct 
offense to tr^/ to secure aiv^ hind of action for the ::olitical iidependence 
of our ..Uc-ion, becauje tne preservation, and oven strenf.thening, of 
Austria — for zue balance of po'.vcr wit., t.^e r-rov/inn iiiportance of Geri..any 



Ill H - 5 - iiOruT'L-JI 

1 Cr 

LJenni ^JLJiSGJ^^-, -.u^, *3-3, 19.1.C. 

and .cassia — was considered by the;.: a European necessity. Jmd let us not 
for-et tliat our modern Palaci;::.' /Translator's note: iiiportant ^oliei.iian 
historian or tLe first part of niretecnth cnntur^/ , r^rofessor l:]rnest ^-enis , 
our r,reate3t friend, lias voiced his af:roo..ent v;ith ialac.ry's nov; discredited 
opinion, that .uistria ii^is its : ission and hGhe:.:ians iiavo a Mission in .vastria. 

hut the v;ar of ar/:ression unicii .-^ustria started, and subsequent develoDLients :^ 
in the .-Lustrian ^..onarcir* in tiio direction of coi.polote subservience to j'-or- ^ 

lin v;ith fuoure annexation of hapsburi* lands to J-er!:?any — a olan Tvith which p 
Austrian .en;ians nov; dare to face o:oenly z.ie ii.ipotent p.overm.iei.u — have com- -^ 
pietely caanrod the basic opii.ion concerninr .lustria^s raison d' ctre . Aiid 
nov;, ijenis, as ;;ell as ./• oteed, tne r.reat Britisii journalist, v.ho is ex- 
trsMelv well-inforMcd concernirj -. .lustria's cc.iditions, and v;ho even durinr 
this v;ar was in favor of .Austria's preservation, proviaiiig it v;ould coiu- ^ 

uletely shahe the influence ch li^rr^in, are tne i.iOst ardent partisans o:!^ *"" 

an independent ij>ohei.iian sta^e. hitn these there are any nurhoer of friends 
who refused to be deceived (as were even ...any overseas .johemians) by the 



Ill H - 4 - BO:£^J A[T 

I a ^ 

Denii i .'las atol, Au(3. 28, 1915. 

seeniii-- indifrcrouce of the Bolie:ai?iri nation. 

The ITrench and tiie British precs riore and nore frequontly print articles 
about our de::iandG. In addition to papers r.entioneJ. on oti.er occasions 
there are no;/ three nev; ones v;hich justify our hope Tor t:io final victor^' 
of our cause. ICven in the pes3ii:ii:>bic ati.iosphero of the present xtussian 
retreat it is iiupossible to deny tliat the 13ohenin.n cause, recardless of 
develop.ienbs on the battlefields, is gainiiig general support, and v;ill 
gain ir^ore in the tijrie of t:;e final decisive victor:,^, -cind this victory 
will be due, as articles in nany x^rencli and British "oapers orove, partly 
to the co-operation of overseas ..ohe.aians and their orf^anizations. 

Here v;e are Givin^^ in translation tliree such docttients, three exanples of 
the nethod by v/hich the British public is beinc informed concerninc the 
situation of tne Bohei.iian nation. In the opectato r, a ver^' influential 
and popular London v;eoI:ly, in the issue of July 10, there is an article 
entitled "Austria-'Iunp^arrv* is falling aoart".... 



T 
i 



1  



Ill :: - o - BoiiSi..Liii 

I G 

"ijenni ..lasatel , yuir--. ^8, 191b. 

A'raiislator's nooe: rhe article •.•iiicii rcllov;r> is or.iitted in urarislationj^/ 

Thus [:oQB ul.o article in tlic o^eetatcr, a "r)ublicatioii v/iiicii is ver-^ close 
to the hi:diest politicrji personages in tue ..ritish .:ir:.pire. i.ov; encourac- 
inc ^nd -T-jtiryin^: to all '-ooa 'joLe^ian ncarts s::Oulc!. sucii v;oi\:s of a 
serious -ritisii pul.licaLion bo; ..nat a dii*rercnL, r.ucn dee;)er concep- 
tion or true '.'ori: Tor Oaie -.o.-e::.ian cause it insTuresI -.'lie sajiie paper 
has, in the July ^j4 issue, a:] article \yj our v;ell-hnov7n friend, ... J". ilelly, 
enti"Dled **i3ohei:ia and tjio Ausi,ro-.-unr:arian ..onarchy". 

^Trans ator^s note: The article 'viiich follov;s is onitteu in translation_^/ 

Liiis statei.ient by a rreat xrisii friend of tne 3oheriian nation Ma^es all 
arp,u:rient unnecessarv and sei-ves zuc 'Jes..e .:aroani Jdrui-^eni as a cor.roetent 
reco;:jiition of its worr: ivhicii nov; is aciiiovinr decided successes on botn 
siues of "6^e -^»."olanti(j i^cean. .jut it is to be desired tliat tue ^^oixenian 



CO 

ro 



Ill H - 6 - BQ] iZi.J.J2 

I G 

j_e im i 1 . 1?, r a to 1 , .^u.:. 28, i'j„i.). 

er.ii^' rants shoula aiv.;ay.s bear in ..inJ Vhq v;orcs cf tnree of tiieir aurust 
predecsLisors: i.o..:en3..7 iJoiiamieE -u.iog .^oiTienius ; , Vojta liaprsuei. A'rans- 
latoi-=:;> note: an early ancl 1103 1 Tjro..:inent i^Oiiei.iian immigrant in .-ir.ierica/ 
and finajly, also, t.ie scion of v^io old noble rai-iily or t..e Jounos vratislav 

of ...itrovic. i^oi.ieusivy: "I be.-ieve tiiat tnou vjilst resu:..e tl^e iaanageiient ;, 

of thy ovm affai:i*s, oh ^ohe:i:ian :iau^o::r' l.'a'orster:: '"lio oceans can sepa- J- 

rete those who are one in heart* s.^ouivj. i^e the uotto of our days." ^'he ^ 

last of the trio, ^^. !... Vratis±av, shoulu be our exaiiipie in spreading r- 

overseas the hnovjleuge of -joher:iian L.atters. i^et us cuote froiii tne onec- -r 

tator one of ti.e foreiiost l^ritisi. journalists, Jaries :3a^:er, ^vho accoiipa- e 

nies an orif3inal article aoouL t..e faiaily of t.^e Jounts Vratislav of ^\ 

Litrovic by the follov;inp, explanaoion: Si 

^I'ranslator's note: 'fhe article xviiich follov;s is oirdtted in translation^^- 

Since, then, the Jnf-;lish press now v/rites so convincincly and so hopefully 
about the 3ojie;.ian cause and the future inv^enendence of one i^oheiiian 



c r* 






Ill li — 7 - jBOl.^ .ijL/u-i 

,'eniii .J-asciuel , .Ji>> 2;:, lOio. 

nation, should it not be tiie duty of every one of us to exert ail our 
efforts tcv/aru ti.e liberation of our native country. 

..et ^ohei.-ian ijr.erica talk v;itii conviction equal to tJiat of our British 
friends overseas, Lie];/ot^rs of ano"Cer nation, but iien \:lio have an under- 
standing of the ri,>its of the Bohenian nation and of a healthy develop- 
ment in free, liberated Bohenia2i-L;lavonic lands. 






"J 



Ill H B0HE!;!IA!'I 

III B 2 

I Or Denni Hlbisatel , Aug. 20, 191b. 

B0H3.:iHi;S IN C.^L-^OA 

The Denni Klasate l has received the followini:; letter with the request that it 
be for--varded to the Ceske IJaroJni Sdruzeni (Bohemian National alliance) in 
Chicago: 

'*Dear Friends: Circ^jr.istances coin^:)el us to write to you, as the representa- 
tives of the Bohemian nation in America, and to ask you to intervene for us 
vvith a letter to the local tovm council and to th^ Canadian government. .Vork- r^ 
imj in the local coal mines here, there are 115 Austrians and C-ermans, all of 
y/hom are considered England's enenies, althou-h v;e have told the authorities 
that v;e are Bohemians. There are really only fifteen Germans here, and the 
rest are Slavs who do not even know the German language. The .-iln^lish do not 
want to .vork vith us, bein,Q; afraid that we mii;ht cause some explosion or fire, 
so they v/ant to start a strike. The officials do not knov; v/hat to do; they 
threaten to send us into a camp. -<e should very much appreciate anything you 
can do for us, and 7;e promise to continue supporting the Bohemian cause. 






ix • 



Ill H - 2 - Boi^i:i::'i^N 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel > Au^. 2), 1915. 

'^Sincerelv, 

•^Alber /avera, 

"Box 286, S^ringhill, Nova Scotia, Canada.*' 

The letter v.'as accompanied by five dollars, which v;e have returned. No doubt 
the Ceske Narodni Sdruzeni v/i^l take up this matter and do all they can to 
help our countrymen in Sprin-^hill, But such is the lot of our countrymen 
ever:>rvvhere. The aims and desires of our nation are so little Knovm that we 2 
are beinc: considered Austriins not only by the peo-^^le in Canada, but also by co 
the British and French, v/ho should knov; more about us. It was quite a task 
to achieve decent treatment of our countrymen in France, and this matter nas 
not been settled until very recently in Great Britain. But we are sure that 
this case in Canada will be oroperlv adjusted in due time 









Ill H 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel^ Aug. 7, 1915 



BOHELTIAN 



B0H2I.IIA1B iJS FOE AI.IERICA, NOT FOR AUSTRIA 

The Austrian Grovernment recently sent a note to the Government of the United 
States demanding an embargo on the export of armaments. This demand, which ^ 
is not Justified either by international law or by the past or present prac- 5 
tice of the Austrian and German Governments, was followed by a communique to ^^^ 
the effect that the Austrian Government, by way of backing up its demand, p 
threatens to mobilize American-Austrians and American-Hungarians, of whom there 
are some six millions in the United States, and thus prevent the manufacture of 
armaments. 



-TO 



CO 
CD 



The time has come when it becomes necessary for the fonaer subjects of the <5^ 
Austro-Hungarian Government to proclaim unanimously that they are definitely 
opposed to the Austrian demand for an embargo on aimaments and ammmiition, 
and that the threat to mobilize them is the lowest kind of arrogance, cheeki- 
ness, and impertinence. 

The Ceske Narodni Sdruzeni (Bohemian National Alliance) feels that it is 



Ill H - 2 - BCHli:?a^T 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , .^ul% 7, 1915, 

entitled to speak in behalf of all .^erican citizens of Boheraian or other 
Slavic descent, and, speaking in their behalf, it declares itself very defi- 
nitely against an embargo on the export of aininunition and ariricaments. americans 
of Bohemian origin are of the opinion that such an embargo would be a highly un- 
neutral act, and that it would be absolutely unjustified also from the moral 
point of vie;v, because it would be an act of unfriendliness tov;ard govern^nents 
and nations v;aging war against the aggressiveness of the Ger:nan and ^iustrian 
Governments. 

Ko doubt the .iustro-llungarian authorities 'jind officials are losing sight of 
the fact that there is ao Austrian nationality. The Bohemians in the old 
country, unfortunately, are still under the iron heel of the .-Lustro-Kung irian 
absolutism, but they do not sympathize with the Government in this war, and 
the Americans of Bohemian origin are very happy tnat they have severed all 
connections v;ith that .government. .«Tiat is more, the Bohemian nev/snapers in 
.-ijnerica are at present publishing a proclamation by the Ceske Narodni Sdruzeni 
urging all Bohemians residin^c; in the United otates to become citizen;> of t] e 









Ill H - 3 - B0H3!>!IAI-T 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Aug. 7, 1915. 

United States as soon as possible, and thus repudiate what, according to their 
opinion, is the odiu:.i of being Austro-Hungarian subjects. 



*j 



If, then, the Austro-Hungarian authorities talk about a mobilization of their ^. 
former subjects living in the United States, they knowingly disregard the fact i 
that the majority of Austria-Hungary's population are in complete disagreement " 
with the purposes of the German and Austrian Governments. Tho Germans in 
Austria and the Magyars in Hungary are mere minorities of the population of 
those countries, and are the only ones who desire an Austro-Kungarian victory, -^ 
but they do not desire it for the sake and advantage of Austria-Hungary. The r:^' 
Germans in Austria desire it because they are Germans, while the Magyars, pre- 
sent allies of the German Kaiser, desire a victory for their own private in- 
terests, that is, to continue in suppressing, oppressing, and exploiting the 
other nationalities living in Hungary. But neither the Germans nor the Magyars 
in Austria-Hungary feel any attachment to the country or love for its incompetent 
and corrupt rulers. 

The history of Austria during the last four centuries is nothing but a tale of 






III H - 4 - BOHSK^IAI^ 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Aug. 7, 1915. 

injustice and woe for non-German and non-Magyar nationalities. The hands of 
the Hapsburgs are just freshly stained with the blood of Bohemian martyrs who 
were put to death simply because they had enough courage and backbone to re- 
fuse to fight for a government which is worse, in some respects, than even the 
worst Turkish rule ever was. It is a knov/n fact that many Bohemian regiments F 
in the Austrian army have been decimated and disbanded because the Bohemians -^ 

did not wish to fight for the interests of the Hohenzollerns and Hapsburgs. 5§ 

o 

The Bohemians who are settled in America and United States citizens of Bohemian g 
origin have been strictly maintaining, and are in favor of, neutrality, although ^ 
they sympathize fully with the Allies, who are fighting for democracy and the 
rights of small nations. But they feel that they would not be doing their duty 
as men and citizens, if they now failed to voice a protest against the machi- 
nations of Teuton partisans in America, or if they failed to proclaim very defi- 
nitely that, since the Austro-Hungarian authorities talk about the mobilization 
of Austrians and Hungarians in America, these authorities must exclude the 
American citizens of Boheirdan origin, and Bohemians who are settled in America, 



cr 



Ill H - 5 - EOHEIcIAN 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Aug. 7, 1915. 

from their calculations. They must exclude Italians, though they may be 
Austrian subjects, and also all Slavs who, together with the Bohemians, had 
to suffer under the tyrannical Austrian Government. 



"t3 

:3> 



In the interest of truth, and because the Bohemians honestly desire that this ^ 

country may stay in peace with the whole world, v/e now caution the German and '>-- 

the Austrian Governments, and their hirelings and partisans, that these in- ^ 

trigues will have just the opposite effect they wish to achieve, and may very 2 

easily lead to an open break with the Government of the United States. ^ 

As has been said before, the Bohemians are desirous of remaining neutral in 
the days to come. But the German and Austrian Governments must realize that, 
in case the laws of neutrality and the moral obligations binding the citizens 
of the United States should be abolished, the Bohemian, Slavic, and Italian 
inhabitants of America will voluntarily enlist by the thousands in the armies 
of the Allies, in order to participate in the struggle against a world domina- 
tion as has been planned by the Berlin and Vienna Governments. Also, if it 



Ill H - 5 - BOHEMIAIT 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Aug. 7, 1915* 

should come to war between Germany and the United States, the former Austrian 
subjects will march in thousands under The Star-Spangled Banner and will offer 
the United States Government more than a few regiments of well-trained men: 
men who will gladly give their lives for human rights, for the cause of justice :^ 
and liberty, and for the cause of independence, in the same way as the Bohemians 5 
in Europe have given thousands of their best sons to France and Russia. ^ 

r — 

The Bohemians have always been a democratic, liberty-loving people. We are -u 

well aware of our duties toward this country. We wish to abide strictly by o 

her laws. We would never do anything that would make it more difficult for c>o 

our President successfully to follow his policy of keeping this country out § 

of war. But should v;ar come 7;e shall do our duty in defending Americans pres- '^'' 
tige before the world, and prove that nobody in the United States treats Aus- 
tria's threats and intrigues with more scorn than fcnuer Austrian subjects. 

Finally, v/e wish to say that we do not issue this proclamation as ♦•hyphenated 
Americans". We do not know any Bohemian-Americans. We are Americans of 



Ill H - 7 - BOHSl.fLAJv 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Aug. 7, 1915. 

Bohemian oricin, who are just as proud of that ori^-in as the descendants of 
pilgrims who came over on the Mayflower are of theirs. '.Te are entirely in 
accord with those who wish to see America prosper in peace and \ve shall never 
be umvilling to support, with all means at our command, those who are entitled ^ 
to speak and act on behalf of the United States. 



c 



r- 






In this proclamation we have given reasons why we reject with the utmost con- 
tempt any claims of Austro -Hungarian officials for support, assistance, or 2 
help by former subjects of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy here in America. ^^' 



Given in Chicago, Aug. 6, 1915. 

(Signed) The Ceske Narodni Sdruzeni. 



en 



Ill 

iff 

I G 



ij o a 



Deuni , laoutel, Juiy 29, 191l;. 






iilCi V^iji> A\*t^^ -.-*__! ^ .-J J '•^L'U-* x-l^ *-v.l -- 4-.J i-Xi.j-j V^x' 



rt3 



(Editorial) 

This is a sad coincidence, i'xist fii"ty-nine years ar^o today the :.ohe:;iian 
nauion in t-ie old couuioiv iiufiured a loss tliat iij scill "oeiiif;, felt, it 
vjas tiie ueath oi* a laan v;liO].i the v/iioie nauion revered, lie died in his 
priiie, and at a tiirie v;hen Lis irxSi-;lio, his ener^;:/, and ais storiing char- 
acttjr v;ere noot haaiy neeued. ^n "^l^u uv;enty-ninoh day of ^uly, ldo6, in 
irague, the noble sjirit of .j^^rel ^avliceh oroysky vjas released, xm iii- 
iiense sorrov; and sadness en/elojed Lhe v/hole Cv^untry. 



no 

C3 



CO 



Tlie anniversary of this day of grief finds our ^Oiieiriian colony again in 
deep iiiouiTiin^ and ])ain. ^^undreds of fai.iilies of our couiitr^naen, our close 
friends, have lost ineiibers v;ho had been their hope for the future, v/hon 
they loved, xvho v/ere their supporters and providers. In other cases, 



Ill H - 2 - B0II2I..IAIJ 

III 3" 3 a 
I G 

Denni lilasatel, July 2U, 1915. 

the vjhole faiiily becar-^e extinct, :)erished v:itliout leavin.3 even one single 

nember v;ith us. ii black blaiiket of intense rrief covers our colony on the -c 

treacherous i^ake .iichi-;an, and tlius v;e fell closer to tJ.e spirit of tiie sad r 

annivorsaiy in tito .Id countr:;. But no Jiatter hov/ intense our sorrow over no 

the loss of l;o : .any dear ones, v;uo, al:..ost under our vcr^; hands, disappeared, o 

;ve nay be able to assuar^e our pain by meditatin ;. about the suiferinr; in which i^ 

vie find our countr:/ at t'.e ti:.:e of the anniversary of ]^avlicer:\s death. ^ 
/^Translator's note: riavlicci was tiie first iriportant publicist, j umalist, 
and political leader of oiie re-ar.Tihened /.oheninn nation^^/ 

Such ne'7s about the losses of youn lives and destro,/ed hopes as iiave shat- 
tered our souls these days, is reaohin ; cur far.ilies in tiO old countiy daily, 
and in incoin^arably r^reaoor nui.oers. uver there, hardlv an iiour "oasses t^^at 
a !!:Otner does not ::ourn tne ueath cf a son, a v;ife shed tears over tne loss 
of a husuand, chi3.uren realize tiie jassin"^ of a father, and sister v.;ecp over 
tiie passinr. of a brother. 



'^jn 



Ill H - 3 - 3CH2:.IL\IT 

III B 3 a 

I G Denni Hlasatel , July 29, 1915. 

Here our frienc]s were going on an excursion, in higli sioirits and looking 
forward to a pleasant day of rest and recreation, -^.lany of then died, but 
those who did not perish, survived in good health, with the possible ex- 
ception of those who suffered bruises and minor accidents that do not 
mean more than a summer shower. 



o 



CO 

f\3 



But over in the old countiy the picture is quite different. The thousands 
of young men who bid good-by to their mothers, wives, sisters, and children, 
embrace them as would those v/ho have their nomes against their ov/n will, y 
against their ovai conviction, knowing that they may never return, and that 
if they do they may come back to their native hearths maimed for life, piti- 
ful ruins and remnants of youn^ men once healthy, husl:;,', and strong. 

L!iay the realization of the incomparably greater suffering which, for over a 
year now, has been the daily lot of our countrymen abroad — a suffering with- 
out hope for an early end — alleviate the sorrow of our friends here. 



Ill i: 
ii: 



4 






.^ O JL 






Jenjii .■la^atel, July ^J^J, 1915, 



Hovjovcr, o:.e a:i::iveroar^' oi* ..aviice.i's death reninas U3 toda"; ar*ain Ox our 
duties to ti.c old coui.tr.-, uuoies v.Micii v;e carrnot ne^'dect even in a ti:.!e of 
our ov:n :*eneral :.iour^;in^. . ^t ifj ro:::arl:ajle indoea tua-i^ t..e 3i:: decades 
dividin'" us rrom liio decease oi* oui* unforrettabie Iiavlice.: .lavc not oeen 
able to ciianne anyt:-i;-.3 oi* tiie valiuity and viptncss of jiio ideas and vie^7s 
ccncernin;' Lue future of Lhe .^ohci^^ian iiauion, have not jeon able to v;eaLc 
an^^t::inr he haa 'vrittoi:. ^.his fact ..a" Dcma'js .^e ua_en as an indication 
that o'XT n^ibion haa not yez^ noliticall/ and eco.LOi.-ically, .;:otto]i over Lhe 
stare of re-av/a:.enin::, oi* pexiia;;s, — and tiiat is novo li^ielv — io is an in- 
dicaoion t-.at tl.c foundation of u.^e life of any nation imsz 2"e:..ai: fiii;; 
and peiiianent if iz is "uc e::r)ect a stron^*, lioalthy future. IV. 



UJi. 



13 



oii 



\r: 



case, ..avlicei.^3 !:ieriL, not only as a political prophet buo valso as a irios^. 



honejt tcaciicr, vpci^'^i-ts to G..is day; beer -e tnore iias ueen noboay afoer 
hira v;no has "oenetrated closer "uo tne ^ohenian soul, lias hno'';n better its 
r.ost secret places, underf-:tood \j^ztor hov; to corjiujiicate v;ith it openly 
and honestly, havlice.: uni;crs"Dood also the si:^,nificance of our iii.vuoiy 
and its inevitabj_e consequences for t::e preseiit and t-ie future of oui* 



o 

CO 

cr 



i; 



III :: 

III B 3 a 

I G Lenni iilL.3aoel, Juiy 2j, i^l. 



BOiEiim.Vi 



v/hole nation. In tiic zir.es tnrourn. v;:iicii ;:e arc nov; iivin'-; it ic iiost 

appropriate that v;e should repeatedly call to or.r Liin^.H his viev;s, las 'p: 
ideal 01* an indepencent ..ohe:..ian state as t.ic noj.e oi* a brave and en- . ^ 

lirrhtened „:ohei..ian nation vniich nas ^reserved ol.e character of its olavic :2 

spirit and Slavic ton^-ue. It ;;as 'jGCauje of his subscribiiir; to tiiis ideal 2 

that he used stoutly to ^.lainoain tnat "Dolioical liberty 'v.'ithout national c>3 

libert;," is v;itIi0u-G any value v;hatever, .-i nation in vvliose adriinistrntive !^ 

oiTice" , schoois, and puolic affairs a foreign lan,:.:;ua-;e is used, has no '^ 
true liberty, no tiaie dei..oc3.-*acy. ^t is iniled by an aristocracy, of the 
v/orco kind — tne aristocrac ,' of lan^•ua.^e. 






onsiderin.'^ the present soate of affairs in tiie old couiitr;;;.' v/e cannot but 
see the truth of tnese v;orus: 'The histoiy of the v;hole ivorlc proves that 
WverrL.icnts anu rulers resnect t-ie ri hts of nations no re because of fear 
ti-an because of love, .^ut a na-^ion only insioires fear vLien it io ....^ture 
in its politicl cojivictiois, ±t is therefc^re our forei.ost duty to brine 
all classes of our n^t^ion to sucli "oolitical iiaturity. ■' 



Ill li - 6 — iJQlilSl.IlA j 

III 3 3 a 



T r" 
a. wi' 






Does not thic oEur.e consideration point out clearly t]:e direc-Gion Tvliich 
our Gxx'orts sliouid ta:_e in this oountr:/? is it not our duty to proceed 
in accordance v;ith this ^;rinci^ ic if v;e v:an"^ to secure a place Cx* im- 
portance and in^'luence ii: the pul.-lic affairs of -chis counur:/? It is re- 
r.arliable ho?.; very i.iuch ''real .u.ierican" there v;as in that haviicck ;;hose 
nonur..ent, after such a lo:..: pt^riou of years, caiiC to be erected on xv:ieri- q 

can soil. 



havliceh's olavic feeling- was practical, devoid — ^particularly in his later 
years — of any rcManticis: :. .'his :.c expressed concisely vjjien l.e said: "..liile 
it is our desire oO x'e...ain ^lavs, '..-e do not v;isn to beco^.e ^lissiaiis; buo 
Vy'e ceroainly s..ould prefer beir.;- .Russians to beinr': forced to becui.e vxcriiians.-' 
..is practical politica] ideal was to unify all western and southern olavic 
naoio.-S, and oy vhis unification assure each of tiien liberty and national 
progress. 



tfr.n 



fhis far, v;e have been attracted to each other luore by instinct, by the 



CD 






III :; 5 a 

I Cr :>o]ini ..laoatc l, Tuly 2y, I'JIT), 

feciin;* or a corxiorj danrcr, by co;.uMoii incliTia.ior.G, "blian by anyubinp. else, j^- 

^ut no;; ^t iias uccoir.e ueceiiouiv oc v;orb uo -eb^ior li-.e v;ell-or;ani/:eo po- V' 
l^tical seobioiiG oi* one ;;iiolo. bjiC oie o± i.iUbua.i. suT:T3ort a: u prooCCLion 

betv'een tbe rOloG, lI.g .>olie. .ians ai.u .vjovu^.s, bbc .upsiayo, aua oue ^j; 

..ubbeniaiis is -L-.e only soiii. fcuiidai.ion of i-iberty I'or "obe snaller Jentral •-*. 

'b"uro":")ean natio]'.--. ^^ fir..., buo clastic union ..u::u be rori.iod for bi.e lOro- S^ 

tectlon of our ri^i.ts a''al::3t pov;er:'ul ene:..ic3 and af:r;ressorG. ^^.o 

"'i?Iie coi.rolebe enancipabio: fro:;, '.^eir.any in ever:.' respecb ._UGt be our 
eternal and ev^r-prejent sloc^r.. 'Jhore^fcro t-.e study of ..OLianco literature 
eu..d lanr!ua/j;es should ;>e 'c.-j principal endeavor of our no re able, i.nre tal- 
ented youth. •' 

riiese principles of nis, and i.iany otbt.-rs, bave re...ained in full force un- 
til today. ^liey are vaii-id for us also in tn-.j countiVf altbou{^n \,.A^y would 
iiavo to undergo :..inor chanf.es in tbeir practical application. 



t « 



III :: 
III 3 5 a 

I G^ 



X.J 



}ercii 



'^. 



1 






His hoiieiLit love oi pi'actical uenocracy, -lIs year:unr, i*or uruth, Lis clea-i 
record in political, litcrar^'-, and 3ociolor;ical controvci*sie3, -lis intre- 



Didity and courar.e accoi.T^anied by uacoxul v;ay 






_r» 



aorendinc^ v;iiat Las been 



cd and true, i.iay be une foundation of .jOiie:..ian cultui^e, prec 



fouiic- tc be '.'.o 

tige, and pov/er also in .^onewi.-ui ^^lerica, not only nov;, but also in the time 
vjhen oiiiG (^rv^zx^j nai^icn v;ill iiave ;,iN3v.;n out of \...is ^)eriod of aston-.siiing 
r.'ioral and econo...ic chances and ;;iil start lo live a cali.ier life of real 
and ;;orthy cultural wori-. of its ver;,' ov;n, ana uill base its existence up- 
on foundao-ons 'vliich v;ill be quite uifferynt fro:i tl.e i.ere laaterialisii 
that nov; r)revail3. 









lliis ti:ie :..ay be far distant, but it ;.'ill co:.g. .-uid then .lavliceL, pro- 
jected by the .:o:ie:iian Lian into the fiel-I of t;ie present ^a-^.erican struggle, 
vjill shine again lii:e a clear, fine, -v.-..ei.iian G^iiieu, proud to p^-oclaim 
his -.one: .i an orir,in. 



:7t- 



III H PCHZTTAN 

II D 10 

I C Denni Hlasatel , Jul:/ ^1, 191->. 

I G 

ALL E^CI^IP^r US 

(Sditorial) pr 

The nationals oi* all the coun"cri^s tha:: ars afiected by the European Yiav are Ig 
workinr here feverishly for their brothers abroad, tryinr go help therr. to S 
victory if t;hey are belligerents, or alleviatinr their suiferiag if they are ^ 
in distress. The Gei-mans are, as ai.vay:-:, the j.xst dili^^ent ones, sending "^4 
enorraous sur.is of noney to ;;eri:iany, ai:i h;3lpin, in the promotion of German 
interests here and abroad even though their v/ork is detrimental to our own 
p-reat P.epublic. rhv-< Italians, tne i-rench, and tho Iritish, all do their pa- 
triotic duty, and so do the Serbians, Monounec:rens, and the rest of them. 
But v;e Bohemians, after a somewhat v;oaI: initial spurt at the bo£*inninf of 
the v;ar, nave slackened do\,vn a c^etx^^ deal, and "Ci.ere is danrer that when our 
help is most needed, our indiii'erence rxiy becone corpiete. ^^ome say i/e can- 
not help this cecause sucn is our unfortunate natural character ^nat our en- 
thusiasm catCiies fire rapidly, like a si^eaf of strav;, but bui^ns out just as 
rapialy. fhcy say we nave noo enou.ii oner^^y, endurance, un:.elf ishnesc — ti.ose 



<jn 



"O 



III E - 2 - BCH-J-LUT 

II D 10 

I C Denni lUusatel , July 21, 191o. 

I G 

qualities v;hich ensure real success in the life ci' a natiion. But, of courEe, : 

WG do not ;;an"C t»o ad::iit oliis, and v;e cannot aa::iit it locl^usg, if it ./ere true, :r> 

it -.vouid irisan the aeatn ser.tence of cur country. p: 

In theoe rreat liii^toric times every nation nuiit i-iake the rreatest sacrii'ices, -^o 

every naT^ion is required to furnish Lhe stroncest i^roofs or its abiiiuy, enerr^/, 'd 

% ^ m w *-i wag 

and vi/ill to live, of its justif ic:ition to continued existence, Tot oven the 03 

Eohei.iian nation ;;iii bu iiiven anytnln:; it does noo deserve. ..s v/ant bo i>elieve r3 

thau our brothers in Liie old country are loin all they c-^n in thiij rescect, "^ 
but that certainly is not Lhe cise in re^^:ard to the honeir.iana in Ar.erica* 



Ci 
..»• 



Ill H boheijan 

III B 2 

III G Denni Illasatel , July 16, 1915. 

Ill A 

TO All boi:c:.:l'j^]s and sloyi\es 

V.o appeal again, and most urgently, to all our countryr.ien to apply imriediately 
for their first citizeiiL^hip papers, that is, to file their intention to become 
American citizens, ^so, those who have already filed such intention and have *s 
not yet received their certificates of citizenship should applj- for them at 
once, in case they arc already entitled to them. It ulll be to their ov/n 
interest. 

It is impossible to stress sufficiently the iii?)ortcince of every Bohemian* s 
getting rid of his Austrian allegiance as soon as possible. This is now not 
only a requirement of national honor, but also a matter of necessity. It is 
quite possible tliat those who forget to perform this duty toward themselves 
will regret their negligence, but it will be too late. Tliere should, by this 
tiiiie, be no Austrian subjects of Bohemian nationality in iunerica. 

The Ceske Narodni Sdruzeni (Bohemian 
National iilliance) . 






Ill 11 3o:ci:i.j. \i; 

II B 2 d (1) 

I G Denni rJasate?. , July 3, 1915. 

PH23IJ3IT 'JILoCK C.OES3 ARRiiST C? A 30Il£ii..I.ilI 

(Editorial) 

President V/ilson lias ordered the arrest of one r^dolf Llalik, Doiie:.dan bom y^ 

but of Austrian conviction, because of ^/rriting an indecent letter to the ^ 

President. V/ell, vje could put in jail dozens of people v;liO borate us be- £^ 

cause of our stand to^.vard the Austrian Siaperor, and send tlieir letters by ^ 

iTiail. But v;hy should we do ham to thesa poor souls, llo such letters can 2 

get us an^ry or exciojd, ,7e reiaain cax-a and composed and put then aside. oo 

cr 



Ill H BOIJEUIAI^ 

I G 

I C Denni Elasatel , June £8, 1915. 

THR YUGCSIAVS FOR TIIIilR II0L3Ij\KD 

It is a fact that the world war has disclosed our v/ealoiesses, our v/eal: points, 
v:hen it caused us to be confronted v;ith such problems as v;e never have dreai-ied 
of beinc called upon to solve, and for the solution of v/hich vie have not dared 
to hope. FrojTi the life in our nicrocosii v/e have been thrown into a vvorld 
current of c^eat political conceptions, and it is up to us to shov; 7;hat ;ve can 
do, and to show it on this colossus of a v/orld arena. ,Ie Bohemians have alv/ays 
been expected to take the load in any ncveinent, and to find the best v;ay toward 
the realization of those ideals for v;hich our ancestors have never hesitated 
to put their lives at stake. This expectation is the result of our macnificent 
history of deeds that had been causinc upheavals throughout Europe. Hie reputa- 
tion gained for us by our ancestors still exists ajionc the peoples of the v/orld, 
but are v;e worthy of it? Viktor Dyk /a contenporaiy poet of reputey^ points out 
in a recent poem published in the "Li dove Novin^,''" people's Hev;s, a daily 
published in Brno, Lloravi^ that v;e are v/avering, bidinc our time and waiting 
to see on v/hich side fortime \7ill smile in order to give it our sympathies, to 






r-w 



I C Denni :Ila : iatel , June 28, ir^l5. 

alie^n ourselV'^s v;ith it. All thirj in spite of the fact that the trend of ovr 
history/ clearly roints out th:) direction of the ropd vje should t?-/^'e in the 
European confusion. That road is straight, independent, drawn by a clean 
character and selected l:y a warn heart, devoid of pose and theatrical effects, 
simple in its principle, unassailable because protected by an inprepnable wall 
built by its fundamental truthfulness and honesty, 

Durlnp; the more recent years \;e have been r'uilty of abandonin.^ this road in 
many Instances for the lure of some side road, ar.d alv;:.ys paying very dearly 
for every one of such opportunistic steps. '7e are in a similar situation nov/. 
Cur position of leanershir) amonf:' the Slavic nations is, thou^rh W3 nay not care 
to see it or admit it, in considerable dan^-er. A number of facts supporting 
this statement may be found. Just recently the Jur^oslavs issued a manifesto 
to the British larliament si.'^ned by the president of the national assembly of 
Dalmatia, former ::ayor of the City of vSplit (Spalato) and member of the Aus- 
trian Diet, Dr. A. Trumbic, the nresident of the Yugoslav Commiittee of Chicaro, 
Dr. P>iankini. . . ./here follov; some twenty names of prominent Yu.proslav leaders 

in Austria-Hungary/ 



r- 



<^ 



'V 



III II 
I '5 

I C 'Den.-.i "la-stel, June :>1, 1915. 






The name3 of th^fie preeminent Groatinns, 31overes, and "".erbs prove clearly that 
there is a united national vji]l ajnonc"^ the Yu.^oslavs, that they stand jn a solid 
mass behind their demands, and uhe .'nanif e'^to shows th^^t these den^^nds are not 
onlv of the nost sprious, far-reaching^ character, but also that the"^^ are rre- 
sented to the British tieople and their Parliament v;ith a definlteness and self- 
assurance permittinf^ of ont , and only one, sin:'l e interpretation. Of coarse, 
the manifesto defines very clear\v the status of Yuo'oslavs In Ausr^ria, The 
preparaoior: of it is a r^at^er of rreat polj"0ical raportance, and since it is the 
first of its kind issued by Austrian Slavs, it has mace a deep iiapression in 
European political and dinlomatic circles, and it has the advantap^e that it vjill 
be the first to be considere(^ when the tirae for it comes. '.'Whatever comes after 
it runs th-3 dani^er of appearinc to be an invitation, 

/Translator's note: The text of the Yurcslav mianifesto is omitted in trans- 
lation^/ 

V/ould that v;e could pr-^sent to the vorld something of a similar nature, 



CO 



Ill II - 4 - BO^r^-lJU^ 

I a 

I C Denni lilasetel, Juno P.3, 191 f). 

so.'^ethinr defipite, statiir-r exactly our position end our plans for the future, 

and — flnrl our leaders, both here nnd abroad — re-.^dy to slrn the docunent, come 
7/hat mav. 



O 






Ill H 3CKaiI.j:T 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , June 23, 1915. 

I G 

"I:; iHii; ::«iwi; Oi' th:: ii^.tici:" 

(Editorial) 

Those v;ho have been follov.ing our Bohe..iian-ijnerican life since the be^dniiing 
of the V/orld "ar cannot deny that our public, and vvith it also a part of our - 
press, have been looking at the aevelopnents in ICurope from a point of view ^-.7 
v;hich has chan^ed, and had to change, several times. In order to prove that "5 
this is so it is sufficient/ to co throu.^Th the issues of any one of our nevvs- ^ 
papers ^Jiich have recorded the e^eat^. of the period between June 26, 1914, -^ 
to the present. If tne war has haa any beneficial results, aua it has had 
them, and vdll have still more of them, we Vvill fina that we shall be aiaong 
those, v.ho;a iiistury will subject to a severe, meiciless jad^^aent and we shall 
stand before that court witnout any protection, and without any biased help. 

The very first impact, upon our Boliemian-.^uaerican public of the v;ar crisis was 
so pov.erful and implacably logical, that it has, in the course of time, shattered 



>., 



J 



Ill H - 2 - BQEmilAN 

III B 2 

I C Dennl Hlasatel , June 23, 1915. 

I G 

all our weaknesses, and has caused us to admit that the problem which 
has presented itself to us cannot be solved by any usual routine, or any 
slogans €Lnd phrases borrowed from our speakers at political meetings* Neither 
can it be solved by our pretence of being something into which we have had 
time and opportunity to develop, or of having something in our nature which i 
actually was not there. But the events following the impact have forced us to 
a penitent confession, and in time we shall see still more clearly how pertinent ^1 
it is, that the matters developing in the old country are nothing to be dealt ^^ 
with by a few gala mass meetings and flowery speeches. Simply, they have shown ^ 
us that this is the time when we are being triad on our maturity, our seriousness, *^" 
€Lnd our honesty with ourselves. 

More than that: The coxirse of events in the near future will surely confirm 
the opinion of those who maintain that all that is going on in regard to our 
nation both here and in Europe, is a touchstone that will prove whether or 
not we are able to live the life of a nation that is not only independent, 
but one that is truly free. It must be sufficiently free to consider 



s^ 



Ill H - 3 - BOKEaJAN 

III B 2 

I C Denni Hlasatel , June 25, 1915. 

I G 

the long-yearned-for freedom not an ai::i, but only an inportant means 
in the difficult stru^le of perfecting' its own self and developing; such 
nobleness in public and private life as our Komensir/ (Johann Amos Goraenius) 
desired to see ariicng us, and which is the only criterion of the true value 
of a v.riole nation and of each and every one of its individual iriembers. 

Eohemian Hmerica has set for itself a very lofty objective: to help secure 
that iiieans for the future develouaent of our nation. But whet Bohenian 
America v;as the first t^.^ violate was the frcedo/u of independent thinking, 
independent judpTaent of the develop^ient of conditions and opinions. Briefly, 
the past eleven months, asiue froia ^iv inf: us a nui.iber of happy moments, tend to 
shov. that, v.hile trying to secure freedoiri foi* others, v;e have frequently be- 
haved in a manner :uuch mure aan^erous for personal freedom than \vould an 
>LUstrian gendarme of the Bach /absolutistic premier, early seconu half of 
nineteenth centuryY era. 

The first tv^o triin^js ;ve did, in our effort to brin^'; liberty to our nation, 



o 



Ill H - 4 - BQH'^1J;JT 

III B 2 

I C Deiinl nlasat el, June 2o, 1Q15. 

I G 

v/ere--tG violate and suppress the freedo:. of opinicn anc to enthrone 
a patriotistic police systeia. There is no scaicitv o2 docuraents to prove 
it, but it is noi: our purpose to reopen painful ..ounas by brin^.^inH:; up 
things which are novj just a ..'art of d ocuinented history. One thing is sure: 
The consequences of oui actions uurinf- the brief iiaiiediate past are sorely 
felt in our life, an: because of the;;] our national v.ork, all our patriotic 
efforts — in spite of the many paper votes of confidence, etc. — are not, and 
cannot be, as successful as we should lixce thera to be. Th:.t v.e are not the 
onl.,' ones v.ho feel that v;ay, or th:;t the expressed opinion is not an opinion 
of an isolated individual only, v;ill be seen froi.i Zachar^s outcry in the 
current issue of the Cechoslova k. His article is entitled "Ve Jnenu Naroda" 
(In the Ila/rie of the Nation) and reads m part as follows: 

''In the naiae of the nation, Boheni'-^n /^rrierica is collecting cents while Europe 
bums. In the name of the nation, v.lde-av.ake or^-c.nizations are applying for 
their charters, in the name of the nation sincere enthusiasts are tearing dov.n 
the dains of ignorance, prejudice, and selfishness. All that in the name of a 






Ill H - 5 - 30H^^iaAi: 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , June 23, 1915. 

I (i 

nation which had been buried, novi is being resurrected, and looks 
hopefully tc^vard the East v\.here a nevi day is bein^^ born. 

**V/e feel the marie, the majesty, the sacredness of the phrase: 'In the name 
of tne nation*. Eefusin^ to reco^rinize rmy authority, we bow to the authority 
of this phrase and do not feel that its light yoke woulo be any burden. 
Thus v.e t:.ink that others also feel this yoke to be sweet, that others also 

enlist with zeal in the royi-.l service of the country Saci news has come 

to us in a fe\.' letters from Chicago, sad, because they remind us of the 
famous words of Governor Johnson of California, uttdred in the 1^12 Republican 
Convention neld in that city: 'Never before in my life have I seen so laany 
politicians! ♦" 

V.hen thinking about this outcry that resounds from far away Baltimore to 
Chicar:o that "there is something rotten in the State of Denmark," we think 
that there is something rotten m our i^ohemian-Aiuerican co/amunity. Because 
of that our national organization is not functioning^: as it should; consequently, 



NJ 

-«^« 



Ill H - 6 - bch:mi..n 

III B 2 

I C Denni Hlas&tel , June 23, 1'j15. 

I G 

in spite of any and all denials, our nL^ticnal work is we^ikened in its 
depth, and in its vadth, ana in its quality. 

This I'act is bein?^' felt all over, an^. nov; it is not only bein^e: felt but also 
talked about, v*hich makes our great cause suffer. 

There is nothing greater at stake than the future of our nation. It Vvould 
be erroneous to believe that Boheiiiian iimerica as such could maKe sure of 
our nation's future. The point is that Boheiidan x^nerica can either help in 
making sure of our nation's i\iture, or — and that possibility is being too 
frequently overlooked — make the process inore difficult by her indifference. 

There is one thinr, however, v;e raust avoid by all .aeans: to tnink lightly 
of the nation's majesty, to use the phrase '*in the naiae of the nation" upon 
the sli^test provocation, to use it as a shield behind which a profitable 
trade laay be made, a thin{: that has, alas, happened several times. The 
Questioa is whether or not we want to bear the shield; to keep the name of 



Ill K - 7 - BQHL.]£[.U^ 

III B 2 

I C Denni lilasatel , June 25, It'lb. 

I G 

our nation clean, so that it y/ould offer to everybody protection and 
security such as is offered, for instance, by the iimerican flar;, A national 
organization is of soae value to the ..hole only v.hen all its r.ie.'nbers realize 
that in the process of fulfilling its iiiission it must ^ivoic all pettiness, 
all pettishness, all ^^ossiping, and all intrij^ue. There is also the self- 
iinportance and idle pride of individuals who, no matter hov* good intentions 
they nay have, lacK sufficient tact, r:ood will, hnd tolerance to be the 
cement that forms the foundations of society, bat are rather an acid that 
keeps apart and dissclves them. No v.eaklinrs, no pussyfooters v;:io are afraid 
to bump against somebody or something, here ana there, even if they know 
their cause is good, can promote a national organization v.hich vjoula enjoy 
the necessary prestige anu be gener':lly respected. It is less possible still 
to promote and maintain anywhere an organization which is pervaded by the spirit 
of a national police. 



The outcry of our Baltimore friends goes deep an'/ comes just in time. It is 
not yet too late to inake the necessary changes t*o rectify these many slips — 



m H - 8 - bqk^l:i..n 

III B 2 

I C Denni Hlasatel , June 2b, 1915. 

I G 

and to bless and sa^ictify the v.ork by the purity of the zeal. V.'ho 
vdll — -who can acco/aplish this? Nobody else will, nobody else can, but one 
v.ho has the ri^ht to say: 

"In the name of the nation," 



Ill II Bnr^MAi] 

I B 3 b 

I G Dennl Hl&satel , June 2, 1915. 

I C 

OrR ^:'>rTT^iL^ YOTTH 

("Zditorial) 

The ctheT* day, at the meeting called by the Ceske Tarodni Sdruzeni (Pohemian 

ITational Alliance) in the Sokol HavlicekrTl'Ts ITall, we saw very rxany of our ^ 

men and vomen, ycung and old; but our youth, the young people born in this .^- 

country, appeared to be missinir^. Those vvho were present were almost entirely f-'- 

our immigrants; some of them may have been here for very many years, but never- ^1, 

theless they were born and at least partly reared in the old country, j^ 



CO 

S 



The indifference of our youth, the children of Bohemian parents, is al] the 'rf 

more discouraging and re^rrettable because vie see German and Polish youths and 
others born here forming one front with the inmirrrants of their various races. 
Cur young men have even been heard to say such things as: 

^I am an American; I am a neutral. 'ATiat do I care about the independence of 



« 



IJUi - 2 - POy^'^IAF 

I B 3 b 

I ^' Derini Hlasate l, June 2, 1915. 

I C 

Boheraia?'* Sentences in ouotes are in English in the original .7" 

Such language used by a young man reared by a Bohemian mother is bound to 
hurt. It is not worthy of an American or of a Bohemian. Everybody who claims 
to be a good American should burn ivlth the love of liberty, should defend 
liberty not only here in America but everywhere, else, should do all he can to 
help secure liberty for other nations, and should be an enemy of t^^i^ants and 
oppressors, no matter v/here they may bo. But first of all, he should help to 
secure liberty for the nation whose son ho is, the nation to v^hich his parents 
were or are native. V/ould such a ^neutral'* not be proud to say that he is 
derived of a free nation instead of admitting, as he now must do, that the 
country in lAliich his pareiits v;ere cradled is subject to foreign rule. If snoh 
''neutrals'' are impervious to the appeal of anything idealistic, they should 
at least have sufficient personal pride, enough egotism, to feel that they 
ought to help in the liberation of Bohemia, if for no other reason than their 
owTL personal ^rat if i cation. 



cs> 



TIT K BQIISIvJilll 

III B 2 

III A Denni Illasatel, Lay 1, 1915. 

I G 

LET rS lELL TK2 JI^'"TII! 

(Editorial) 

It is truly astounding hov; frequently our correspondents, both men and women, ^ 
v/rite about the old country'' only in order to deride it and express their enor- -^ 
mous preference for the United States rather Lhan the country where they were ^ 
bom or from which those have come to whom they owe their lives • They write C 
about the old country very thoughtlessly. If -chere is an^/thing that hurts us 3 
it is to receive and read letters of that kind. V/e read them carefully, line 3 
after line, to make sure that v/e read correctly, and only after overcoming o\ir "^ 
intense dislike, do we edit such a letter for publication. If v/e are tr^'-ing to 
print them in full, it is only in order to shov/ our readers that there are many 
of our nationality v/ho like lo sling mud at the country where they v:ere born. 
The reasons for such mud-slinging are usually grossly material. It is because 
in their old home, by reason of unfortunate circumstances, they did not get 



10 



• III H - 2 - BOHEIJTAIx^ 

III B 2 

III A Denni Hlasatel , May 1, 1915. 

I G 

along as well as in their new home; they could not eat and drink their fill as 

easily in the place where their mothers gave them birth as they can, by reason % 

of changed conditions, in America. Also, because they did not feel as free ^ 

and unrestrained in the old country as they do in their nevv, adopted home. {Z 

These two are the principal reasons and those most frequently given urtiy many of ^ 
our correspondents extol America to the point of calling her ♦♦Golden America, *♦ ^ 
and talk about the old country in a derogatory way. We remember quite well— ^ 
it is not so long ago — when a debate on this point developed between our corre- ^ 
spondents, a debate which soon reached the heat of passion and \rfiich we had to 
put an end to because it degenerated into personal attacks and insinuations. We 
are glad to admit that at that time we wrote an article in which we took the 
position of those who spoke well of the old country, and expressed our disapproval 
of all those who were trying to disparage her. 

After the publication of that article, letters on the topic stopped coming to 



I III H - 3 - BOHBJflEAN 

III B 2 

III A Denni Hlasatel , May 1, 1915. 

I G 

our offices for a time. But soon again some correspondent thought he wanted 

to write about the old country, and again in the sense that the living condi- ^ 

tions over there are most pitiful as compared to those in Ajnerica. From bet- ^ 

ween the lines of such letters, again began emerging a heaping platter, spread- p 

ing its always excitingly stimulating aroma, with a huge, foaming jug, a thing ^ 

which, let the truth be told, is still very much in the minds of most of us S 

here in Bohemian America. This again became the topic of many letters, and if ^ 
we still give them publicity in our columns it Is not because we approve of them,ci:' 

or, still less, agree with them. In fact we print them as examples of letters ^i 
as they should not be written, hoping that their writers will understand, and 
next time, write about something else. 

Since our hope seems to be vain, we consider it our duty to say why we disapprove. 
Our old country, while not directly in the path of war with all its horrors, yet 
is subject to a great deal of suffering through the present conditions in 15urope. 
It will take a very long time before she recovers from all that she has had to 



Ill H - 4 - BOHETiflAN 

III B 2 

III A Dennl Hlasatel , May 1, 1915. 

I G 

go through so far. Let us hear in mind that her suffering is not diminishing; 
in fact, it is increasing from day to day, and will be increasing as long as ^ 
the war lasts. This suffering, these horrors will multiply if the actual fight- 5 
ing should be carried into our beautiful countryside, in the immediate vicinity >^ 
of our native cottages, which now resound with the sighs and sobs of mothers, P 
wiv^as, sweethearts, and children who have been left behind. Our old country ^ 
writhes already in a despair, the dogree of which we cannot even imagine* Under 5 
such circumstances, would it not be better to s3nnpathize with the old country, 
and try to help her as much as we can rather than to pass derogatory remarks 
about her, none of which have any other effect but to humiliate and discredit 
her in the eyes of America? Our old country, even for us here in our new home, 
remains our mother, and we, as her children, must not despise her, but we must 
be grateful to her for bringing us up at least so far that we have been able, 
although in a far distant country, to obtain a firm footing, and to achieve 
a considerable degree of prosperity. Having come so far, it is our duty to 
remember our debts, the greatest of which is the one we owe, and shall always 



CO 






' III H - 5 - BOH^flAN 

III B 2 

III A Denni Hlasatel , May 1, 1915. 

I G 

owe, our old mother, whom we must never forget. Let us be grateful to her for ^ 
whatever she has been able to do for us, even if that may not have been a very 
great deal. Derision and mud-slinging is a mighty poor way of showing appre- 
ciation. Let us not forget that Bohemia is and always will remain our mother 
who raised us, while America is only our father, a father who takes care of us 
according to our deserts as measured by our work. We should honor both our 
mother and our father, but our mother must remain more dear, more precious to 
us because she suffered more with us and for us, and even in her suffering she S 
always tried to give us as much of the best as she could, tr 

Now she is suffering while we are in comparative prosperity. Let us not forget 
her, let us give her, quite of our own free will, according to our abilities, 
and let us do it now when her need is greatest. Let us help her not for our 
own sake, but for the sake of our sisters who, deprived of their husbands, 
fathers, and sons, cling to her and seek consolation in their sorrow and despair 
under her protective wings. Let us do our duty toward them. The knowledge of 



-a 



Ca.> 



Ill H • 6 - BOTT^nAIT 

III B 2 

III A Dennl Hlaaatel , May 1, 1915. 

I G 

duty well done will be our compensation for having given of our substance when ^ 
the need was most burning, for the most sacred purpose. By helping them we help 
ourselves, for are we not a branch of the great tree of our nation, a strong, 
living branch which soon will blossom again in a way it never has blossomed be- 
fore. 






3 



CO 



Let us keep all that in mind. Let us keep in mind that we can help through the 
Cesko-Slovansky Pomocny Vybor (Bohemian-Slavonic Auxiliary Cormittee) , and S 
through the Ceske Narodni Sdruzeni (Bohemian National Alliance) • Let us give ^ 
to them generously and often. They have a most important duty to perform and 
need our full support. If we all do our part we shall get our minds off all 
such shameful ideas and notions as writing derogatory letters about our own old 
mother country. 






Si 



I II II 

II 13 2 d (1) 

I Je n n i ].lasatel > -pr* '-^O, 19113 • 

III i: (Jio^/T'k) 

(jroid oi:e iZorri'.si'Onuencrii llance^lar ov.:;::!! 
Ceslco-.jieri(;]-:;Cii .:;iir::':.li:;tu /^o-Tojron"lonee ;jTirc^u oi* tli.e .association -^ 

of :30iiei;iiL;n-.j':eriCMri Jourriiili^^osT') 5^ 

It is certr-.inly n i^ioct encc^uir- in; si-;n tU-.t I3ciie2.iia2i-Slo^yT-.k luiity is ^'aining p 

understandin:: bctli in tliC iJoheriian and in tLe Jlovak public, and there is ever:/ 

indic.v.tion that tbo 3oheMian-.DloVc'I: -iue^^ticn '/ill be cue ce;::. fully solved 

shortly arter the ;.^r, .\z a ]}roox i/e subi.at an article rroi.i the Slcvensl:;" 

Dennik jr^^'O*. rinr in 15ud:i)0r-t. It \;as 'Dubllshed in tlie is^^ue of ll^irchi 28 and 
     . - • _ ^ ^ , 

sent to us xvitli a reouest that v/e dissei.inate it :ic>st iiuoncively. 'Je are :":lad cr- 
to do this, and are ror\.ardin,j tlie coyao:: of th.e article particularly to the 
Slovr;!: ^a"ners '.:ith v:hori v;e deal, kn^'^v/in-' tjiat othe3:* olovcl: reapers -..111 publish 
it a'ith an indiec.ticn of its source: 

^"Tho ^7x)Vak Election" 



"TO 

CTj 

ro 



Ill i: - f3 - BGiziixj: . 

II B 2 d (1) 

I G Denni Ill-'sr.tel , Apr. oO, I'.'lo. 

Ill :: (Jiovra:) 

^•Prri;aie I/ rc:. 28—After the outbreal: cf the vx) rid vx^r ell 
v.ctivity i^: I'ur. •ar:'V*n int(;:^*n--.l r.oiitj.ci' stopped. There r.-ero ns? r.icre cirticleG ^, 
discussin t..c ;:;lavic nriticms oi* the Lloii'-rch"- ami even tlie ii/cer-Jlavic ^ 

relations bet\;een ..Tirtrc-hun x:rii;n .Jlavn :i;^;ve Ic^t the intc:'e;'t of the rencer 
But the \:roblei;..r involved in the;:-^o rele.ti.'-ns liave re:ained unsolved. 



ij • ^^. 



•'0:' coui':>e, v;e have been sc:xv;2.£it nfrriid to vrrite -rhat v;e -.eve t:^ou;-lit — there g 
v.^s th:e cGn53Grsj:ip. h^t rerl ar^s v;e v;er'.' i;;ore afi^cid tian v;e should have been. ^^ 
ITot: cll fes.r of censorship is v;anin •, and tl-.e discuGv-ions of doi.iestic •^)olitical p> 
rrohlei.is are en -v ed in freo>^. fhe -reat !;jicr;cs of ou;" nation arc coiiinc to 
the concj-usion that v;o shall not he annihilated by tliO -".r, that our cause has 
the b3st possible chance of succeris, an; that our ::iost dariii.' hopes are not 
unjustified, .jid our thiif^inr: people, ::ien uho ::avc been spsto:i:tically -.jDrhiUi:: 
on their pot ideas, arc nov; rvit^jminy zo the::i, and spcal: about anxtonoiioS about 
the death of ti:e denationaliai)' c] arvinisr.i, etc. 

''h'O'-, v;e -.:isii to oint out one t.::in;:. Cur broti ei* /that is, BohOLiian/ p-ress 



III :I - o - :X,ri-u.U--J. 

II :j 2 d (1) 

I G Deiini ::l:-.3citcl, ..• r. ;;0, I'Jlc. 

III E (SloYvk) 

and publio o"^ inion over tli.e :Uv3r oi' ".oi^.va (ire :TG'7inc^ very 
favoraV;le to us. 'riie lov<-) for the Jlov^Jcf- r.n'' tlio unnorstr.ridin' for 31ovr> 
arfvlrs is inorear-ln;-. Tlie 3lov:.]: ].:in "ia:: :e has been ;.)ut on the guiid level 
v:it]i the 3oi:e:iiiin. .J.l :3ohe:a:;m raper^ ure printing: Jlovt:!: artic j.es. If 
I could exj'lain all tl i:- i-ore in «ietail 3nd riore thorcu;-hl", an:l tell v:hat 
a chan'-e tliere Las bee:, in the he'.rti. : nCi ::inds of our i3o}:oi.ij.an conationalc, 
the ponnir.intr, ai.Tori" us v;ould be sui'^^risod, and our doubt in;; Thoiiases v;ould 
ac';uire faith, .J.1 :3chGi:lan nc-.;n> 'a" ers deal v/ith 3lov^J-ia: /C^rticle lists 
nanes of ten of the iiost i::por:.c:nt dailif^a, several :;eehlia::, and sone r:iDnthly 
narazines ay'Tearinr* in hcixi.da and hcr'j.viajjT' If tl^ey iiaa enourh Jlovak editors 
and v;riters, no issue :f a boho:J.an p::per or m -Lzino ::ould be :;it}iout a Jlovak 
article or a ^lovah col^ii'n. liut unfortunately v;e have to a.lriit tlir^t there are . 
no Jlovah autiicrs; there is no intensive political and cultural li:'e^ in Jlovahia, 
and therefore tlierc is not- in:- to :.Tite about, and nobody to v:rite about it. 



k. 

CO 

CD 



nr 






Ill i: - 4 - ?c}:::i.i.jr 

II 1; 2 d (1) 
I C Denni 2. 1a3ctel , .^::r. oO, IC'15. 

III :: (Jlov.J:) 

all is ori:ijiiil, not all ■^uite true. But tliat does not 
natter. liany :^ro::i':c!nt ; z'iterr- nov; study t::c olov;-.!: c ucstic^n. Soon v;e 
sixiil kivc iiinv v;}:.o ;;ill bo Lol^an. • us in ou::* -v^ork, tiierefore ]i:my v;xio 
v.lll be iGlrinr iic in cur c.i'^r^/'lc. 'Jlie \r.\r v/ill sr-ced ur; tlie ei.er once, 
if not the solution of ou:? problems, boti^. literr.ry and cultural. IXit even 
so, ^73 Lave decided to bo oyti;.L^tic, altlioU;"]: v:e fail to do so clearly in 
nany rer.yocts, fLe ^^resont w*ar is based on co-o^cration of several r-O'vers 
on each sida, -.nd on the concentration of tliOir of f^^rts. Lot us tr;" and '^-t^ 

solve our ilovah '•unstio"! on t'^o sane ^_^rin''r le; let us concentrate our 
effort too; let us be oati:;lstic that it a'ill be s.^lved in tlie yro^.er a-is.y.'* 

/Translator* s note: 'J]'e ruoted article is in ti:e Jloval-:, not Boherdan, 
lan;:iiaae,7 









Ill H BOIia'L'ill 

Denni [llasatol , Apr. 29, 1915, 

HO ; ABOUT 'THIS? 

(j:ditorial) 

A cartain farmer in liichi :an, whose nane we shall publish in this paper 
eventually, .Tiakes a remarkable proposal. A national tax should be levied, 
he says, v;hich .vould amount to one dollar per house for house owners, and 
per one hundred acres for farmers, ^^ditor^s note: This Bohemian "national'^ 
tax is intended to suppler^ent or replace voluntai^r donations to national 
activities such as v/as relief_/7 

As a starter he send five dollars for his four hundred acres. V/ill there 
be any followers? 7/ill there be anvbody to (dve this "oronosal serious 
consideration? 



•■■» 



Ill H BQHEIvIIaN 

I G 

Denni Klasatel , Apr. 28, 1915. 

IDLE ivPPEALS 

(Editorial) 

The a^^peals directed to our more affluent countrymeL to contribute larger 
amounts of money to the movement aiming to secure for our old country the 
best possible advantages, or even full independence, vjhen the v;ar shall be 
ended and peace negotiations closed, seeia to be all in vain. It v-ould al- 
most seem that there are not evwn one hundred people among us who could 
donate fifty or one hundred dollars for the realization of the supreme de- c^ 
sire of oui nt^tion. But once the war is over, and again tours to the old 
country are being drummed up, we shall see that there are among us hundreds^ 
perhaps thousands, who will find a fevj hundred-dollar notes, or even a few 
thousand-dollar notes by which to show the people "at home" what "big shots" 
they have become in America. But we have considerable doubt that such tours 
will be receiving as an enthusiastic a welco..ie and as much hospitality as 
they used to, v;hen our countrymen overseas learn how small, selfish, and 



"X7 



U3 

CD 

1"^ 



Ill H - 2 - BOIgML^ 

I G 

Dennl Hlasatel , Apr. 28, 1915, 

indifferent we have proved to be in times v.hen the most sacrea desires of ^ 
the Bohemifcin nation v»ere at stake. 






Ill II 

II D 10 

I G Deniii Illaaatel, Apr. 4, 1915. 



DOESlIEiilJ 



COIDITICMS Ii: S.CR3L. 
(Frorri the Bohemian-. inerican Press Bureau) 

'•I 

Sir Thonas Lipton, v;ho triveled throufh Serbia to learn about conditions ^ 

prevailing there, describes his experiences in v/ords that riake the blood -c 

freeze in any reader^ s veins. Acccrdinr to his words, Serbia is one huge f^ 

open-air hospital in which the sick have no bed, linen, and frequently' -^ 

even no strav; or hay to lie upon, and they seldon have even the care of o 
a physician. 



"I have found," says I.lr. Lipton, "people on hi^hvjays and field lanes who 
were too weak to crawl to a hospital. These were beinf; picked up and 
loaded into farn ;\'a^ons pulled by cren. Frequently, the wife an-' children 
v;ere prodding: the oxen v;hile the husband v/as ravin^^ v/ith fever inside the 
viHi^on. There are hardly enough healthy people left to dio rravej; for the 



<w«.' 






Ill H - 2 - BOHSIvOIAN 

II D 10 

I G Denni Hlasat el, Apr. 4, 1915. 

dead whose bodies lie unburied in cemeteries. The situation is completely 
out of the control of authorities. There is a crj^'ing, desperate need of 
medical supplies, tents, hospitals, physicians, nurses, modem equipraent, 
and clothes with which to replace the dirty rags, full of vermin, that 
spread typhoid geriiS.^ 

Concerning the hospital in Dzevdzella (Djevdjelia) — where our Dr. Guca 
became ill and his wife suffered a fatal illness — Mr. Lipton has the ^ 
following to say: "The place is a villace in a v;ild, uncultivated country, 
and the hospital is established in a former tobacco factory belonging at 



^ 



O 






one tine to Abdul Kanid, Sick men lie here in clothes in vdiich they lived ^ 
for months in the trenches, filthy and crawling with vermin, suffering with ^' 
typhus, typhoid fever, dysenterjs and smallpox — Austrian prisoners of war 
play the role of nurses. The stench all this exudes is inqpossible to 
describe.'' 

V/hat Mr. Lipton says about the Serbs will be of interest also: ''There is 



Ill II - 3 - BGHCliIAIT 

II D 10 

I G Denni Mlasatel, Apr. 4, 1915. 

not a braver nation in the v/hole v.'orld. You never hear a v/ord of coiaplaint 
from then. One of the reasons for the rapid spreading of diseases is the 
black arrny bread v/hicli is issued to the sick and the rennants of which are 
gathered up in the hospitals by peddlers and sold to people vmo have nothing:, :^ 

else to eat. The streets are s;;e^.t and liospitals cleaned by .n.ustrian prisoners 5 
of v/ar whose numbers are rapidly decreasing* , the prisoners dyin;;. of typhus and "^ 
other diseases." ^ 

IIovj, Dlease let our readers re:;lize that these "Austrian lorisoners" are mostlv p 
Bohepdans of rmori there are close to fifty thousand in Serbia, and that these co 
brothers of ours, our blood and the flov;er of our nation, live there in raf:s, {>j 
filthy v;ith veridn from v;hich the;- suffer unspeakable torture and v;hich carry 
danrerous contc(_icus diseases. Bearinc this in mind, you vjill understand the 
urf.encj'' of the cabler-raii requesting -'onerican IBohemians to collect and send 
good clothes, linen, and foot v/ear to Serbia. Tliis is not only a matter of 
cori^ort, cleanliness, inodecty, or protection a^^ainst cold, but a roatter of 



CJ^ 



Ill E - 4 - 30II^?.!L\IT 

II D 10 

I Cr Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 4, 1915. 

life and death — life and death of Boherlan people. 

Articles for 3ohei:iian prisoners of v;ar in Serbia rnay be deposited with the 

followin.:: countr:,'r.en v;ho have at^resd to collect them: /^even nanes are 

givenT"* v;e shall r.reatly appreciate hearin;: froiu additional countrynen 
v/ho v;ill volunteer ir. this service. dT.oever has a friend in Serbia or a 
relative v;ho is a prisoner of v.^ar Hiay put his iia^e on the packa^-e or bimdle, 
and the Serbian Red Cross 7;ill make an effort to deliver the package to the 
addressee. 









Ill r 
I C 

I G Denni Illasatel , Liar* 30, 1915. 

by 






Giiice.ro, IliinciG, I'^rch 28 






The Bohemian Jtatc, the loii :in,': for it, is net a product of Boheiidan-.jnerica. F 

This, no doubt, v;e all Icncv;, but it is ler-s /generally kauvrti tl'iat tlie nui;iber >L- 

01* fricndc and enthusiastic defenders of this yet unborn .iitate is nuch srialler ^ 
in .ijnerica than ;;e nirht have exr>ected. Just in tiiese last fei: davs a brief £ 

but rather inconsiderate note concerninr; the beh.-.vior of Bohcrdan soldiurs "^ 

and political leaders in this ;.^r appeared in tlie newspapers* Its vrriter 
renenbered — v;ith an audacity worthy of a better purpose — those Bohenian nen 
who threv; theiriselves body £uid soul into the firht ag^iinst the Russians and 
Serbs* Bohemian-.'j.Terica immediately vxas ready to pass its ruthless judgnent 






Ill II - 13 - 30II3L3:;>IT 

I c 

I G Denni Hlasatel , IJar. 50, 1915. 

on these soldiers, and i:nny found ^i ne-.j pretext for buttoning up their pocket 
more tiohtly, if possible, than before, and v;ithout a feelinc of shiine. 

But the question so far has not been hov; cur people in the old country behaved 
in the face of the present dovelopnents in Europe, but rather hov; xve, here 
in Boheriian-Zuierica , have behaved tov;ard our old country in these present 
critical tines. This question should and can be ansv;ered today vjith a certain 
reservation. It soeris to rie that it is not the purpose of Boheinian-.'^jnerica 
to pass jud,:eiient on thin^-s during the course of their developnent and criticize 
the rjEinner of that developnent. If such thin{:s should bo condenned, I believe 
there is plenty of ti:=ie for such condenntition in the future. 

5ven here in !Dohenian--'x.aerica, \jhere ;;e have the possibility of considering the 
conditions in the old countr:/ frori a distant and independent point of view, 
77her8 we have learned to know c..nd appreciate nev/ conditions and nev/ public 
institutions and therefore should be able to detori.iinc; hov; far .lUstria-IIungary 
is a suitable or unsuitable frane for ou:.' old country, v;e find opinions which 



X 



T- n- -r "" ■' 



o 



Bciiii.xj: 



I a 



Denni '■'^'^^■^2:,, l'j..r. 30, I'.l 



^ • 



are not a bit better th:;n t'^cGO (o^^i 'iciic) 7:hicl. v:o cciide::'. but v:lucli '.;e often 
ure uiic.ble zq rid oui^r^ivcr; o.*. Ourj:'erit evontc: -.uvci gIiO'jTl tl:r/b ;:e in 3olic:-ic.r>- 
.j.iericr. have le:;rnc^ very little c.ocut traie relit ic-:.i tliinL::in;- aiitl still lei-r; 
r bout "ooli'ic- 1 ?.etin. . It ic not tl::.t t: ic cou:itry is • n unfit •'■^•locc for 
seriou:- politjci..! t}ii:i::i:i^ aj^c :;or'-in ;; it ic not oliut i"^ could not :lve such 
thin':iiv: and ':!or:Ar.': the rrov-'Or ap'.rccic.tic:i r:.n(' insure Tor it an alto::ether 
different place fro:: tliat which iu nov; occm; ie^', fl.c failure tc reco;XLize thie 
fact lea', e, acccrdinj to rn;* le^-cnal o^dnicn, iian*; cf our couni r;^ijjn to a false 
interp2'etatiei. of condioicnc iii the old ccuntry; it cau::^eo t]:ej: to dirrj-erd a].l 
the rr. It r eat: lent and abuae that the hap i: bur g have been lietina ou"^ to our nation 
cince IG^^O; it r::J'i:er^ tliei; believe even "ccday that \;e have reaoonG for syLp)-:t::etic 
t2^eat:...ent of .-.UGtria, and that v±;at has boe3i blach and uply for four . Aindred 
ye.-rs alll nox; beco:.e a-hite and beautiiV.l and Glilne lilro t:;e silver of ne\;-fallen 



sn 



ov/. 



If 7;e consider just a i'o\i iiictancer.^ of the last centur:;, v.?o find riany reasons to 



Ill H 

I G 

I a 



- 4 - 



Denni niasatel, Lliir. 30, 1915. 



BOIiULIAlT 



be eztrei.ely dissatisfied. Let us take, for instanco, the so-C£.lled Ir.ncuace 
question v/hich to r.iany here in .-uiierica seens to be a ::]L.tter of riost triflings 
consequence, a v.-orthless v:hin. If such an eictrenely polyrlot country as Anerica 
can be v;ithout a lan{:ua;;e and a nationality question, ?;hy, they say, "can it 
not also be fixed soneho;; in Boheriia." Jell, it is just that "v/hy" v;here the 
rub cor.ios in, V/hy can the lav/ bo enforcod overi^ahcre else but in .-.ustria v;hich, 
let the truth be said, has more liberal lav;s 2jerha])s than an^' other country in 
Europe? Conditions in ^^ustria have boon davolopin£^ in ^.n entirely different 
direction and the results are ulso entirely different. For one thin^;, the Gerrxm 
lan^iia£;e v;as not introduced in .-.ustria as a lan(\ia,L'e necessar^^ for uniform 
intercorinunication in ixitters of state adi.iinistration, but nerely because it v;as 
the not her lancuace of the ruler and therefore i:)ove important than the lant^iac© 
of the people. The anti-denocratic feelinc^; of the Hapsbur^^s cannot be better 
characterized than by their directly'' instinctive aversion tovrard the language 
of a nation they have ruled and v;hich has sacrificed for then the lives of its 
best r.en and i.iost precious possessions tines without nuiiber. 



5> 






zMt tlicre is sone ,':ood in eveiy ovil: The ncticnal oppression substantially 



Ill IT - 5 - BOIILTIi^lI 

I C 

I G Denni !^lasatel, i:r,r. 50, 1915. 

helped our national av;a]:enine:, an assertion which took hol(l of all strata of the 
people in 1848. At that time even the Cerricjis felt the strength of this 
nationalistic riovenent , it v/as just at tl-^at tii^ie that the stubborn opposition of 
the rovernr.:ent and the C^rriians to eveiythinic:. Bohiernian really/ ber^n, as Palacki/ 
^irct modem Boheirdan historiocraphcry so aptly points out. It bias never been 
tie purpose of this stru^cl^ for our nation to dcninate the Oemans, just as nov; 
it is not its purpose to dordn;;te the Slovaks. All v;e have v;anted is equal 
rights v;ith the Crerriian people, althouch we have a three-fourths iXijority in our 
country and could claii; nuch i.iore than iiere equality of rights. 

Sone of the successive roverni.ients of ^^ustria proclainod in the more recent 
times that they v/ere trying to introduce equal ri^lits for all of Austria *s 
nations, but nere proclaiiiinc is not enouph to enforce a principle, and this 
principle still av/aits enforcement. Tliere are still heated arcui'ients about 
the interpretation of the conception of equality of ric;hts, and this arrniiien- 
tation will be taken up by the Gerir^ins a^ain after the v;ar, particularly if 
they should succeed in bringing it to a soiiievihat honorable peace, and the 



Ill H - 6 - Bomiiim 

I c 

I G Denni Hlasa tel, Liar. 30, 1915. 

interpretation v;ill be still more detriiiental to the Bohemians. In fact, these 
eovernnentc have never tried to eradicate these unbearable conditions in Bohemia 
and, behind the scene, have beer; doinc all they could to suppress the whole 
Slavic element in general, and the Bohemians and Slovaks in particular. 

To demonstrate more clearlj^ the great seriousness of this burning question, let 
us recall that the ^ustriai^ census shcv;ed 357 persons out of every 1,000 as 
♦'usin^: the German lancua^re in their daily contacts". V/hen, hoVrfever, a census 
of persons in civil (public) service v;as taken, it sho\7ed 479 persons out of 
eveiy 1,000 v:ere ^^usin^^ the German language in their daily contacts," tlaat is, 
122 more than to what they were entitled^ In the military'' service there were 429 
2^ut of everj'' thousanj^t and in covermuent and ^mperialT" court service, 460 instead 
of 357, that is, 103 more than the correct quota, to say nothing about the defini- 
tely scandalous conditions prevailing in the courts v-here a Bohemian could not 
seek justice in the Bohemian language when the court v;as in the so-called ^zavrene 
Uzeml (literally," closed territorj^,"-- territorj^, city, town, or village with 



;5 



O 

CO 



Ill H - 7 - BOHaOUaj 

I C 

I G Denni Klasatel , :.Iar, 30, 1915. 

actual or assumed German majority, the Sudeten of unhappy IdUnich memory )• 
In the same courts a German could fi^t his le:::al battles in German, freely— 
and all over the country I Now, these same Germans who brag everj^ day about 
their culture and therefore claim exceptional privileges, have shown in the 
official census that the percentage of literacy among the Germans is 91#84 while 
the corresponding percentage arlong Bohemians is 93. 88. ilraong the Germans in 
Bohemia, there are 6.83 per cent .vho do not know how to either read or write; 
among the Bohemians, only 4.25 per cent. It is difficult bo guess where the 
superiority of German "culture'* in "barbarous" Slavdom really comes in. 

It is not necessary to explain that the Slovaks are still v/orse off than all 
that. In reply to mi^ question as to the standpoint of the Party of I: .dependence 
tov/ard nationalities other than lagyar in Hungary, put to him on the occasion of 
his visit here last year shortly before the outbreak of the war. Count I^iarolyi 
made the follov/ing statement: "The Party of Independence does not know any 



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and Vro^niontly rmcii ^lore, it v;ill, cii'tor :":o :o bitter c::^^ori^3:ioo^, ,':ive t,o its 
people v;h::t \z t::e "peo'-lo *::'*. .;];eii tii03C; bibtor e:7i;erio-:vo3 v;oro ^vCx:*, -inu 



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ri:-i ji:Daw::'.:loi» i?i " ... Gb:.a 't':n n-;: i^o-rOrin^ thr.t tiierrj) in a 

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• III H ]]cmy: TAK 

I c 

I G Deimi Hlasatel , i;ar. 27, 1915. 

THh, BC}Iii::.:LUT-SLCVA]::iA!: JlJz^lOl], THE FUTURE 

Boii^.JAi: stat:j, a:d bciiei.iia:: ai::Z^ioa 

by 

A. Cr. L'elichar 

It is about tine tha'. v/e co*^ ri^ht down to the LcttcTi of the Bohenian-Slovakian 
question and stopped considerin-^ it fron personal viev/points — v;hether or not we 
like this or chat fellcv; in one of zhe caiips advocating this or that opinion — 
we do this toe often. This certainly is not the tir.e to ''ret even,'' to aveni^e 
ourselves for various petty annoyances, and — as the Slovarj puts it — inake little 
private deals • If our polioical actions in this rirantic strurrle of forces of 
world-v/ide iiaportanne are to Irinf any real practical results, .ve should be the 
first to realize — i^ seens to ..e— that tne present p litical action, here or in 
Europe, sho^^ld nut ^e used to serve as person^il publicity for sor.e of us, to r:et 
good '♦jobs^ for others, or for stil. others, to judge the Hohenian-Slovakian 
question by their personal synpathy or antipathy to one or another actual or 



Ill H - 2 - 

I C 

I G Denni Illasatel, I'.ar. 27, 1915. 



B0T!3::iAi^ 



woul.i-be leader* It: is iriy i.icdest opinion ohat there is so far no reason to 
fear, as sone of us appare.itly do, :.hat this creat era has not found us on a 
hi^h enough level, that it has not found us well enou-'h rrepared, aiid that 
even our hearts are iiox, bip enourh, or \var:r. enourh, or sincere er.curh» 

If v/e track down thu reasons which .:o:.;e people in Slovakia are usinr arainst 5 

us Pohemians, we find that they freque. Lly have thoir orifin in tlio personal ^ 

failures of soir.'d individuals, hohej.iian capital in Slovakia v/as reproached at ^ 

one ti:rie for its failure to co-orierate v/ioh the Slovaks and its preference -n 

for a rapprocheraont with Hun^'-arian cailtal. This reproach v;as justified lo fm 

so:..e exte:it» Boher.ian capital, crra:.i'zed in I3ohei;iian hariks, has never been i^ 

in principle arainst co-opt^ration with the Slovriks, but it asked soi.ie security S 

for its investi:ients, and the Slovaks, althou^'h they had about seventy-five ^ 
banks ui' their ov/n, did :.ot seen in a position to rive that security because 
they were too accustoiaed to the ^Hunr^arian" ways of doin^: business and invest- 
ing money, translator's note: That is, i:hey give nore rerard to considera- 
tions of nationalistic character for instance, supporting? ^Munrarianizin{^^ 



Ill H - 3 - BOHi:iaAII 

I c 

I G Deiini Hlasatel , ::ar. 27, 191i3, 

ectablishnerxts regardless of the probability of losses^// The Boheiuian banks, 
howevar, were awake. They riade their trained e::".ploye6s available to Slovak 
financial institutions, ar.d this iTiGthod soon shov/ed excellent results* It 
provided a basis for financial and co'imercial contacts with the Boherdan 
institutions, and the Slovak financial structure becar.e so stren^-thened that 
when, in 1313, one Hungarian bank after another went into bankruptcy, the 
Slovaks could point proudly to the fact that not a sin^-le Slovak financial 
institution r.o^ into serious difficulties durinr* that period. 

The fact that the Boheraian banks net only c^^ve the Slovak financial enterprises 
the proper training in a short period of time, but also saved a great deal of 
the hard-earned iioney of the Slovak people simply car.not be dei.ied. It v/as 
onli^ natural that the Bohemian bankers always tried to see to it that the money 
entrusted to the Slovak financial institutions should be har-dled as safely as 
possible. Nobody should have been surprised v;hen, for instance, the Zivnost- 
enska Eanka ^^ranslator* s note: the largest bank iri Bohemia/ in Prap-ue, having 
financed to the extent of alnost fifty per cent all the enterprises of the 



19 

3 



Ill H - 4 - BCHET^IAIT 

I C 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Mar. 27, 1915* 

Tatra Bari: translator's note: the oldest Slovak oai^k/ could not see the ilmeri- 
can deals of that bank vvithout taking action* It is v;ell knov/n that these deals 
broufht the Tatra Bank to the brink of ruin, and it v/as only proper that the 
officers v;ho caused the losses, v;hich ai.xOunted to millions, were discharged, 
upon Zivnostenska Banka's insistence. This should not, hov/ever, be used b;- just 
those persons in the Slovak canp as a reason for working, here in A::ierica, 
against the closest Bohemian-Slovakian co-opei*ation; although that action may 
have cost them their '*jobs," it also prevented enormous losses to Slovak in- 
vesoors. 

These are the circumstances .ve have to tear in mind when we hear or read that 
some Slovaks are against a united Bohemian-Slovakian front. The view that v/hat 
is being done in the old country is none of our, ilmericans' business, and that 
all should be left to the "recop:nized leaders in the old country'' — to use the 
latest popular expression — is quite untenable and definitely wrong. I knew 
quite well the kind of ''political actions^ for the benefit of the old country 



Ill H - 5 - BOirEn:iAN 

I c 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Mar. 27, 1915. 

that are being taken here in Aiierica, ^/jt if v;8 should rxb be in a position 
to make clear even the very principles of what the Bohemians* and Slovaks' 
political demands should be, no matter .vhat hapr)ens to Austria-Hun^^ary, and 
if we should have to v/ait ror directions from home, it certainly would be 
much better if we here in America left everything alone* I do not mean to 
say that we should not work together with responsible elements over there, 
because that is, of course, the first condition of success, but we here i.iust 
first make sure what our Apolitical ideals** are, or plainly: what it is we 
want I 

Our political aiiris, our traditions, the meaning of all our cultural and 
economic work of zhe past decade, has been to strent:t;hen Slovakia, to strenfthen 
Eohemian-Slovarcian u:.ity. If our work in Aiaerica follows the same principle, 
and goes along the same line, it will win praise from *'the recognized leaders 
in the old country" • 1 should go even so far as to iriaintain that to give the 
fullest measure of attention to the Slovaks, to try and convince them that they 



Ill H - 6 - PCIffiriAN 

I C 

I G Denni Hlasatel , lav. 27, i91o. 

also have certain obli^-ations toward us, is for us, AiaeTican Bohemians, nothing 
less than a definite conniand. Conditiojis here a::d in the old country'' force me 
to this conclusion^ Here in the United otates, for exa-iiple, we Bohe;:.ians 
enjoy beinr called the nost advanced of the .'/estern Slavs. It is, therefore, 
our duty to help the local Slovalis because \ve foria with then, a block of one 
million souls in this country. Their prepress, therefore, is also a matter of 
our own selfish interest. It is not at all irrelevant whether there are a 
million of us here, or only five hundred thousand, or on ;vhat cultural level 
we are, Jut it is really unnecessary to enlarge upon >his matter. 

There are many reasons that date back to the homeland, and they are vory im- 
portant ones. Perhaps zhe one of greatest practical importance is the fact 
that the Slovak imi.iigrants are among those who nost frequently return to tha 
old country. Anyone who is at all familiar with conditions, knows how much 
advanced are the ways of a Slovak wno has American experience, who has acquired 
a broader vision, a ^vider horizon in this country, and what a vvonderful in- 
fluence he can have on others if he is a nationally av/akened individual, a man 



Ill H 
I C 

I a 



- 7 - 



Denni Hlasatel, Lar. 27, 1015 



PCFiT.TAi: 



who, in our sense of the tern, **knows what he wants^. A-e cannot be indifferent 
to this situation, if v;e realize that this country is the only place where v;e 
can, v/ithout fear of trouble, promote our Eohe:;iian-Slova::ian political ideals* 

V/hat I have tried to indicate heru so far, is that Boheniian-Slovakian unity is 
not dangerous for the Slovaks, that the reasons {^aven against Bohemian-Slovakian 
unity uy certain local factic.s cannot be seriously defended, that the question 
of that unity is a tinely and ii.iportano question for us i]i America as well, und, 
therefore, that we here in this country are fully justified in considering'- it» 

The future nohenian state which now, after the capitulation of the fortress of 
Frzeiiio'sl luust be considered a certainty, will certainly not be a creation of 
news articles, so::iethinf, ohat exists on paper only. The fact is that we shall 
be called upon, for the first ti:..^ in cnturies, to .Tumage our ov;r: affairs 
again. Cf course, it is too early to predict now whether Bohenia and the 
Eoherrdan lands will be an independent stax.e, or a state within a state. I do 
not intend at all to try and indicate the future tasks of a Foheiaian state, 



Ill H - G - ECIia^IAi: 

I c 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Tar. 27, 1915. 

but it seems certain that it v;ill have to pay a great deal of attention to 
its neighbors^ It is certain that the first thinr this SLaoe v;ill run up 
against in the discussions of juridical conditions in v;haL is nov; Austria- 
Hungary, v;ill be x,he question of — Slovakia. It is no secret that the 
Bchenians have nev-^r recognized the juridical av.a state-political J^io/ 
division of the iiionarchy ^nto t»he Austrian and liune^arian p-irt^. In the 
event that Austria-iiungary should survive, tlie deiuand for reunification, 
v;ill be again raised by Lohei.iian politicia.nb, I am informed if for no other 
reason than to outv/eigh the influence of the Gerjaan alpine states and the 
influence of Hungary^ /i.fter tne ^resent successful advance of the Russian 
an..ie3 into Galicia, it is very u. .likely i^hat deputies from Galicia v;ill 
ever again sit in tlie .Austrian diet, j^ven though they hardly ever have been 
or v/ould be on our side, their simple presence has aiid v/ould bolster up the 
Slavic conscious]":ess of the deputies of the now dying monarchy. It, therefore, 
becomes necessary that our relation to the Slovaks and their actions, and their 
relation to us and our actions, should be fully cleared u^^ ir, all details. 



Ill K - 9 - Fcii^.:iAi: 

I c 

I G Denri Hlasatel , Tar. ^7, 191o. 

This, hov/ever, is not quite pos.^itle ^ir^♦t nov; because our Slovaks support, 
financially and othor//iGe, poliTiical action of their ovm in the old country, 
political actioi' which has no relation to our action, and v/ac started v«ith- 
cut even a:. atte:.])t beinf; r.ade Lo reac.i a:i arreenient \7ith us in rerard to a 
political li..e v/iiicn v/ould oe identical, or ao least parallel v;itli ours. 
Even if v/e in A.ierica '.vere noi^ to i^a^e any initiative in indicatiiif* our 
political ai.TiS, v;ere net zo t^.ko air' political action of our ov;n, it would 
not irioan that we did not have tho ri; ht '^o express a definite opinion concern- 
inf^ the scope of tho Bohenians' political deniands* Without placinr any em- 
phasis upon the action of the Jujfj-oslavs v;ho, in their recent conrress, expressed 
ther.selves quite clearly and oper.ly against .-^ustria, iv <\ defined their require- 
nents in their demand lor a state in which all the JuTOslavs would be united, 
I v/ish to call attention to the standpoint expressed oy the Slovenska Lip:a 
(Slovak Learue) , an institution v/hich laay not be as iiirportant as it should be, 
but officially represents the Slovaks just tuo sai^e* 

Tne president of that lear:ue says literally in his letter to the Paris con^Tess: 



Ill H - 10 - PC:iS!:iA!^ 

I c 

I G Denni ITlasatel , I.;ar. 27, 1915. 

'^••••It is ny opinion that we should join the Bohenians and v/ork with them in 
an effort to create a Bohemian-Slovak ian staLe, in which the Slovaks would have 
autonomy* Some of our men, otherwise experienced and well-known political 
leaders, are of the opinion, however, that with autonomy we would do very well 
even in 'Hungary* , that we would do even better than in some Bohemian, or 
Bohemian-Slovakian state, because having once won autonomy, the Hungarians 
would rei'resent a lesser danger tlian the Bohemians. That is, the Kunrarians 
would not assimilate us, but we should soon assimilate them; whereas we \vould 
easily be assimilated by the Bohemians, and would disappear as far as our lan- 
guage is concerned, Miergin^ fully with the Bohemian nation." 

Since this is the statement of tiie president of the Liga, it is certainly not 
his personal opinion alone, .^ut is rather, an opinion shared by a whole group 
of individuals, and carries definite weight* It is, at least to som.e extent, 
an official opinion, and shows that the Aiiierican Slovaks are not opposed in 
principle to Slovakia's eventual union with Hungary, or the Magyars. After 



^ III H . 11 - BQHEMIAI^ 

I C 
I G Denni Hlasatel . Mar* 27, 1915. 

the Jugoslov antl-Austrlan manifestation and the obvious, though not yet 
officially proclaimed anti-Austrian stand of the Bohemians, the Slovaks, at 
least as represented by the Liga, are the only Austrieui Slavs who would still 
look for their salvation within the disintegrating Hapsburg monarchy, even 
after the sad experiences they have had with it. What is more, the Austrian 
Poles have now taken a more separatist position, but their attitude has been 
even more pitiful than that of the Slovaks thus far /sic/. 

Now it is imperative that we express our opinion concerning this position 
because this position has served the Slovaks as a basis for their memorandum 
to the Allies. The Slovaks* political ideas have been as ambiguous as their 
political position. None of the many and important Slovak leaders in the old 
country, whom I know intimately, would or could have agreed with them unless 
they reversed themselves completely and decided to proceed diametrically against 
the aims they had been pursuing for the past fifty years* 

If we, therefore, study carefully all the events that would strengthen the idea 



^ III H - 12 - BOEEMIAN 

, I C 
I G Derml Hlasatel ^ Mar* 27, 1915, 

of a Bohemian state, we cannot afford to leave the Slovak question to meire chance, 
or to a spontaneous development of one kind or another* Present conditions make 
it imperative that we come to a mutual agreement with them, and then proceed on a 
united front basis* That this has not been done before, prior to the preparation 
of the Slovak memorandum to the Allies, is to be greatly regretted* There is still 
time, however, to correct this mistake* The great political aims which circimi- 
stances have created for the Bohemians and Slovaks, here and in the old country, are 
worth a thorough discussion of the question in all its aspects* And there is still 
time***** 






III 

I a 



Denni 



"I r-. c 'i t f^ 1 ' - y- • ' J. 1 c "I '■ 






S ^ A I -::^ , kl'D 3u r Lzii ^ I A*C A . -u ^v I 3 A 



'J?' 



A.Cr. Me Li char 



v./ 



._ica;:*o, ..!r.rch .?i;>'i:he v;.:Ole o"j.estio:. sesns to be "lu^ in tnc? Pir''. V/hoever 



riWjzer.. r study of 3 henii'^n-A.-nc ricrii md Slovak-Americr'n lift- cr'.niiot er.cr-r^e 
t:i6; imoresrion tii.rt tr.ere oxiFts p cerLPiri "?;oriethinc'' — sono definite oointB 
?nd nuestionr — r-ro-xid v.'ixicn ^ror)le v.'p1>c carefully finJ r-^. thous^i'on tinetce; 
in orcier to rvoid V.eiiv: oo ir^ud to der l wit:., n nrtier v/no^e im-oort.'^nGc tney 
3?:Rnot deny, Jut for v-.op,e trciclin.-: t^.is does? not ?e-.r:; to be ,m£'t t;.o orcoer 
ti'^'.e . There pre various re^-sons for tnose trctics of evasion: fhe^e >oeoole 



eio.ier CO not cno*" ti^e ?ujr^ir:ioe — t:.e fo\indPtio!i — 



u -.- 



r)r 



I ! ' 



em, p or 



r. 



lem 



x'lAc.x if: toar.y ps vitpl to tne ^'hole 30iien:irai oeoole -^^ it is viirl to one 
of itr r:>rvt^, tne ::lorricr of huuii^^^rirn S'.)vf>i?, v:..o ere rn;. rill remain 



./ l\ 



- i ^ •* — /: . 



30E-iMIAI. 






I C Denni Hlf^SPte-., Lr.r. ^-1, l^lr:. 



9 br'^nc.i oi. our ruction in r--ite or" tr^e e::trc:me\v oue.-r r r-'j-rtientv- to tl.e 
contrc-r:.' v-iiicrv-r^re I'recLieht '.v Piivrnoed. The H\i!i::^ripn S'-ov^ks' crox-.ers 
:.ere /^ ?na___/ ov-rserc rvoid rrc'-r'-irio^: t.ie n\iest^on, r -:'::e "c-' c-^ure of "ijiiof^-r 
cion^cle Irriness, ")t..vrs i:ecr\.:?e :)i" or rsonr ' erois^m, rnd yet ot:^'' rr je- 
CPUi:'e vi.ey ^ust rinT)';' rvoid ev^:r:*t:i.in • z^j^z i? i:ot "l.UPirK^s-?" . 

It is not ti.e nj.r;')ore of these li>:e? to cletei-mine vhich of ther^e ."i^our^S' 
is trie ^zro)r.f:cr one, or v-nic:. i-^ trie '.e;^?t strorir"* "but it certainly is 
no mietrhe to sr-y t:irt ti.e numl- r oi t-..or>e T^ho pre p^-.'^re oi the 7it?=.l 
i*"ioort^~r.ce oi t:.e relptionpi^io retveen the r:oiie":ir-nr. r^nc S'.ovp'k^. i:~ v-r^: 
?nir^.l". in Arrricr , coth pmn^ t..e liohc^urns ryi:: f^uoiic; t:":e ijlovRivS, rncl 
t:.:^t :::.i? :-nC:C of "i;nci- r^t'^nrinr r.py ot-cc^e frt?*! to i-^e future acve „o-o- 
raent of '::o!:;erriirn rm\ Slovr'-: rffpirr, if y?=ny innoort^n,. ruestionr tnrt 
r.re nov,- tjendinv'^: do not poon fin... p solution, t:.rt vill *• e cor:*eot iro;-:! 
tx-e realistic, -oolitic'., ^-'^6. nrtionp : ooint oi vier. T-.ir solution 
iTiUSt ce GuCli t'.rt ''t-.e c ^r.iTionv/en. 1. nr-.- not oe i"!-opireci . •' 



v»-r 



TTT 






i\ 



I~^- 



Dc!xni liiPFrtel, \rr. ^4, 19Tr 



In trie linisiied •nrrt'^ of the menorpnd.r..:.- viiic:. I Lrve T^rcr-rrec fcr our ^'Ol- 
iticrl rction r-ri'j v--iiic:i, in .-~ccor>.urnce v.'itl- c.^e ori- in? I aecision of -.he 
Ces?rc?' x.^roani Jarusenl (ioneni^n .> tiour L iil Lij^-nce) , ir to l)e rubmitted to 
ti^e x:..l:-iep, I ij^ve tried to r.rxe cler^r zi.c e??enti;^ '. unit: of the Sol^emian- 
Si^vcnic nr-tion iron t.^e ho:ienir-.n Jores" to tl.e Inti'r hount-^^ins; md in 
depling vit,. ine T;ronc;s rnc in^iurtice meted out to t::e ?:o]:erriirn? in :3oheMi?, 
horr.vir, ^'•'nd dlovp>:ir- by tne v.^rious rucoess^ivo .:ovcrnnen*c? of .vjctria, I 
nr-turriL7 ixrvc mnJe it r Doint to :;'.enl in detail riti.. the denlorrl:le con- 
ditions in d -ovr^'^i?^ vhich I ]:jr(i irsr.uontly }ir^. t:£ onportuni'y to observe 
Tjerronr-.lly on 'c.e ocorsion oi niy virite. to ti.is cr-'ni ivr- tiri£-:iy ceautiful. 
It sev::r..h.y triud hit of v;orld r-t ti.e foot oi' tx.e T'-^trn !:ount?::.inp . 



•j\ 



A'-tnow-;h rone of ti.e ler^ders in literpture rxic in noliticr,, dotn in dlovrhi^ 
r^nd Boneair^, ^iC-ve hf-d differ in^^; o^)inion? r-'i out the unity of the tv:o Slrivic 
hrc.nc.it;S, t..c cie^r c j:ivi."?tion thr^t the;^' forn one nrtion ;:r? never ai?f.-?or)Onred 
from t:.e -Oc-triots' :nin:i£ nnci ..er-r:s. Ih.e conir-ciournese- o: rn ecfenti^l "i-nity 
.:ry he ■ver.'iensd h;,' vf^rious ^'r^;\iment? , influences, -r\d ii.teres^t?, cy t:.if^ 



►, f 






III H - --- 

I (J 

I C Dcn-i Klr^^rt e:, i^r. :;4, ^.915. 

'.ver^/iceniii^t^ can be tcrroo.TTy only. I'nis pvr-rcne??, ^erhr/os freoiiently ocscurea 
rno 9o:::-c tiner^ unrdrnitteu , hrt rlv.Tysr* existed, rnd it rerci.er rit:. ixs :onse- 
fraencei'. into our life in w^;C.ricr. SensiV.le men v':-lo know ..ov to tnin'<: ooliiicf^lly 
and feel unself is:.ly , rrc: never rl'.e to i^;norc t.-is nrol Lem of Slr.vic unity in 
tLeir aer.linjS. Thi? v.T.r olninly :ienons 'crated rt t^.e recent oondcres? o: tiie 
3'.ovens>a Li'^a (Slovr"c Le'-f-ijie) in Pittsl''j.r:'T:i., ^"iiere tiiir. oroble:ii vr e not on'y p 
s?tujno -in, : bloc: to tr.e c.TiOotn v.or>inf: of the conrre«?, lui: r Lso .'^. tes^t of the 
political !ii£iturit^-' of cerifin ---rouns rna c-.rtnin in( Ividur-ls . 

Tnis oroL .eni of "j-nity, vhich, :'or oeo^ole of :-'Ood vlll, is no lcn.:'er r orcble"-' 
but i:: an ur£:ent ("e::iand, _.as: rpi?ed i^s lier^'i a'i.eo rt t:.e con.-resr of tl^e Yugo- 
£..avs, p'Cit. v;ill :in«illy become rne es:^enti?l fer-t::r€ of ohe ^rooos^^- i. for the 
reconf^truction of Aurtrir>-:VLin^'r ry, rhicr. the Allif-? v,'iJ.l maice the Mon^ rciiy 
acceot r-ft'^r t:-C 7;.rr. For us in AiuSricp *ciie ijonemipn-b ^ova:: ouestion can be 
spfe.ly consio.ered r: criterion of t:.e Slc-^vi^ i^^'.\ri'' of many s:— called Slovrks. 
Snere i? no doubt tliat tneir caoice as between t:.e Boneminnr pnd the l-ui'i:;arinnej, 



Ill H . - ^ - 3GIi:^]v!IAl^ 

I 

I 3 Drnni Hl rfiptel, ...;^^r. >-4, 191c. 

iG c-^'.Ipo rn ir.dicr tion o:' t-.e sincerity of the Slavic :eeLin,:, ,iurt ^^ tl:e in- 
pirtence voon r«.nit'* >*'it:. the SIovp.-*:? i^- notiiin,--: r.iore :".or ler? t::rn r.n evidence 
of ^oliticr-1 ?i:lG^:I*i^;-, honesty, -nc co!r-.on-?ei'ir.e n^^r?nic:^c - 1;". 

'..^^ -Oiieniirns ..r.ve p. rec/ion ^"it:. t:-e Clovr.rr j-irt pr t.c Slovr :f h^vv: to lollov; 
o.ie Frnie trcnos rr- ^-e c.o in cr?e the;; exorct to nc-^i'^ve c^ny 'cine ryf nolitlCcSl 
ruccesr in I'-.e old counvr;'. The strenrthenin.-- of honenip ir- c'^utoriPftic-'rlly p. 
F.tren.:'-7tiienin^-: of Slovr:kir, vhl '.e r stron,':er Hun^rry 'ler'n? coTiolete nrin for 
Slovfi.:<:ia. Ihir see^is S') cierr to ne tl.Pt I ^i^aoly fail to unclcrstand vny this 
coni:::on loc'-'ic can ce ?nyt..in,-: 'cjit ?e .f-evir.t:-nt to every sensicle oerscn. 

In the Slov.'^': cf-.:n^? it is i"reouent^y pf^erted ti.rt tne ?o:ien-:irne vTnt to tr-ke 
"00 '.iticf^.l .10 -d of 31ovr->ict r»n(i hoi^emirnize tl.e Slovaks, hen pre not Icickin:- 
vho mpintpin thrvt" tne Slovrkc wrild "be vorse off ujiuer t;he hohemians tiir^n 
tney Pre nov \in:.-r tne .^un-.-prirn? , ' rnci, to cno z'.:e clinirx, Pt p rec^^nt 



Ill 












Boi:eriiP-n-Slovp-.> conference held in ir^-v. York -and-.-r ti.e cir irnpne^hin of :.!r. To.iias 
Gri':ie'^, I overhe^:rd p Slovak rcmar.-: to t-l-ie ^iiaci tliat "?fter p.ll, iz if- Just tlie 
Gr^m3, t ) become iG:Le:::i^nired >r hjji..rripniz;"dl " An^ '"ii ? oe-^ole -j-^ to 






1 - V . • 



I Si.r-.re neither Li.ese apprehensions, nor t^i? nes^imisrn, nor rn;: of such or 
riniilar ooinions. ^iiyjiie v.'.,o oa^s more rttention to frctp ti^an to r-osif:r:inic 
fahricaLioiis sia-oly k:nov;s "hrt there ir; not p sln^:le -ooliticol -np.rty in Bo- 
hemia, nor a siuj^^ue t)0lii:icirn v lO •"ould ev-.-n lor r minute entertain a thou~-:ht 
01 suojurjf'iting 3 lov^i^ia . Allowing; too well the "de lir^htc^ ' of sucn national liU- 
lulliat-on, ve r^^s^ec^ "cne lio-^^rr;* o: OLi^ere: in or-, r to rernrin worthy of our 
ov;n liberty. This belief in right and .;'uvtico for f-1'. is- go firmly rootea in 
our nation ti.at iu fornix u\e orincioai caracteri^tic or our history, in ^^hicn 
t.xre is continu;^! evidence of tiie f^cz Zist tne 3ohenu?nf^ nrve frequently ?:f-c- 
rlficed tiieir own liberty in order to rsrur: it to otherr:'. Thir, s±te:r nil, m^y 
be .uio^^-n :ven in Slovrkir, :'./ om r-xnerience vit;; re.:prd to 'lone -ipnizin^^■' 



Ill 



BO.......: I A.; 



T'ou^^d noiht Just ::..e other v:ry: I :xre ioujiJ- tVe ionenians vho ii^ve settled in 



r: "f r p v» 



SlDv^^cir ;i;3ve oeco;::ie ''olovakized'- in t):^ir lpn<^ur.'e, v,liiie Slov/^lcs, 

ten-yerr sojourn in -^onenii^^ , nrve :'C..:r:inea ?^g SlovrAc ::g their oine^ rn.i c^ruces 

uiitie:^ ^lu.2 ).iiDerk c^na StrcR ^olrces in .:iovr.: Jrtrp I.^ouiiurin^/' '-'^'^ '.v^^n so 

it certain *.y Vvoulci not *:e r natLer c^" indixi'o re ^ice vl^ether tlie Siov^ice should 



*■. ■•*» o 



hecone 3o:ie:nir^nised or h^inr:r=.ri^ni::ed. In i:ne iir^t o 

n,ll t.irt t:-t-re v^oulci o».: r^ rer=jl a^n^r;: r oi eitner, — ziu-. <-.. 

mil .ion .oeoole, — yov-i-", stron , Dno ti.Pt, \\\ i.--''t» hr? orrcticpl 



I do not celievi.' rt 






no ^ooliticr- 



eioeric-nce or" Ilv: ov;n, 



ouLu oe 



X - C 



ic ij.ri ii v:oul:. -Ose itc^ inliviv^^i/^ii:;/. 



ii' it does not l*. t itr :]f.r6. l>ny :.orn in aei^opir, or ^morin;.; Ly b«..coi:ie vht. pre^. 
of ooliLicii oroiitetTS rn.: sch.e:ncrc. hut even in 






«^ — «. ^ , ~> "»^ ■'"'": T ■>"» 



iii-or 



c- 



cr;.se, i-. v:ould c^. rt^^inlu be 



::ore nroiitc^d'.e to "o?rcrii'ice t...ie oeooi^ rna :.e 
it beco:.x ''5oneniiri.nir.ed ' thrn t 
hov.cver, is o-^ite ahsurd on 

L ' .;. O X. w.' "O • 



X 



hpve to he hun:^rrir^nized. liie Wiiole (ueerion, 

::he present 






Ill 



i r. 






Dcnni Hiasrcel, .I'^r. ::4, 191 



«. • 



1:1 addition to tiiocie mo?t frecuent o'bjections to Miiit; , ^vo i'ina. r^ i'ev/ others 
^.:rtj^ iniii-' to tl.e field o: Toolitice rr.d nrlion;^! eonoriV. .atlioat aou^^t, free 
.'xna irider)eiident SlovVcia rou;.d oft'cr r-.n excellf'^iv nirrkev for ihe BoheT*i?r:n 
•nrnuirrctur^^r, rrtir^n, jus 1 iit? s ;^nn.u , p.:c; P.^?;ricu.' turic^:: • I:.e I'^mrnriasi orrt of 
olov^>ia is in ,:'urt re f-rer.t p nee:i of econonic -ns of nolitical r.-T^-alceniur:. 
oiovr;>ia is by no r.ierns f no::T country, r^s r^.rny seeir. ^o irri?.^-:ine . It i£ true 
liunt some t.drt:-' o:.ousand 31ov.?>c-:* flee to Amerioa w^-yy yt.f^r to find Lore p 
living-;, but ti.is is not beoruse ^f tboir countiy' s oov^^rty. The reaoon^ for 
•::ii£ vie in Slovr'ria^e r»oli"D Ico- :c onornic CDnc;itionc. Ar i"rr rs Slovrkir if: 
concviiied, tVie hunyprir-r ^ovornTient s^ir.r)':-- aoe»o:J t c;-re. ^i.e first >^tte,Tn3tr 
to introduce a:r:ric\:lturnl :.:.:"^c: ir- r;.^ -ere niade tiirc^. or lour yer^rs etf/o^ af"Ocr 
z.ie rovi'.t rime ill ].p.6. reen that iiundrecr. of Slovrhrr -ei-e roin.-: to I:o..einir to 
c^tudy rt p^riculturr^ ?^chools. T-.e rr^e rovtrn.-^ent :.-s^ hocn nn^vcntin-;;, "by 
various no -ice ana custom? rnearures, tie '^ohe-nirn oucinerr ;-!an from oenetrrtin^ 
inco 31ova.cir r^nd inpu.;''ui'r-tiny t..ere r certr.i.. ciL-,'reo of economic oro:-res?- 
V...1CX1, r-^tc^r '' '-i., — 1^ tne ioun:5r'ticn o: r^ny cu.tur?.. rnc ooitic?! -oro.-rezs 
nt ^11. ^-':: yoverninent' r friluro or rr^tiler unvil .in^ne t , tor our^-i'^ noiiticrl 
on^, ^o introduce p. rier^su:'^G of ^ro res? in ihi? lerutiful countr/i ^ 



- -» ^1 f: r- .-^ , , 



! it 



ill :. - 9 - rOil^. ^.Ii^i 

Denni Hlo-S:tel, I.lrr. ;-.4, 1915. 

couiivry ver;'^ rica in ores and )scs:,:.y:V^ -^"s rcis^rded the inie^lccLual rmd econo:riic 
cieveloonent of Lx^e Y:.iOle oeoole^ sx^. rs soon ^ c 5uOVP-:ir. ;:rine iis ince jendence 
r-nd ooens iie doors to all "::\iciaer^e, r^nd conseoucnvly also the hoheMinn l-urinc?j^, 
i:xe i;ii::iense ric.ez ji tiiat zyxi\V\:'j vill iDe aiscove::*ia. It rii-. he t^ie ceri.„iit of 
t::e vliole 5j.avdon if t.^e 3ohe-^ircn •^usl.-'iessnan s.^^^res in these develoo::.ents:. 
--.xpevionce Sxiows t/.irt t.x Slovr^k lenrns nosc cuichl:* from t^:.e "3oheminn anu — 
i.eo us tel. txic trutix-- once xxving learzied fro::i hi-;: cv-. r;; .hin,: tiiere is to knov;, 
l.e ..econef^ his .ceen, ana ireouently nov esoeclp.lly ::hou<''htful, coimoGtitor. 3ut 
tl;a~, o:' c::)urFe, is rn rttriVure o: '.11 husi-'.ess in itner^l and outside the 
nr rro\. oale of .::o..euiian-2 \ov?:c relrii')ns:.ios. 

I vier of p\: tids, I crnnot rx^ ria of t'.e i:n:ores?i on, that rl'. t^.e ^oorehensions 
of wO.-e::iianiz. uion ciccussed in foiTic, quartvrs r-.-e not ouite cincerc; in frci:, 
t-hi^t their va i::.it:' c^^nnot be s...rlourl:/ C\q,i^-:siqc.. 



-II r. - _'J - r'jx-_r....J/i... 

Denni Elas^tel, Mar, -'4, 1915. 

i'here is more reason to fer.r 51ov5:'.cirni2r^tion, cecnase nr.tiy Boherninns ao 
ret Slovakirnized oy coriwaci rith 'Slovslcs. ]:-at tLr.t, oi' course, is no 
misiortiiiie; in fact, it is ciesiraole for the ioiiemian literature r>nd for 
the Bo:..er.i?n Cixaracter in general, to triie on soi^ie of the fine ciiPrr'Cter- 
istic Dualities of the Slov?!' oeoole pnd "be influenced hy some of the 
soecif icai-ly Slovr--c quaiitit-?- , at the sr-me -ciir.e ooening for the Slovr::?, 
p. v;ido doorv/ay into suc!x nr-rts of v.'orlc literature, p? tne Hoherdan soul 
lir.s alrerdy di/.;ested a.na ahsoroed. 



Ill H BQHZilal^ 

III 3 2 

II D 10 Denni Hlasatel , Liar. 11, 1915. 

I G 

IV FOR 30il:.:lj: iinii?jQ-i:Oji 

The second mass meeting and demonstration for Bohemian independence took 
place in the hall of the Pilsen Aaditoriam last ni^ht. It was called by, 
and conducted under the auspices of, the Vzdelavaci 3esoda J. 7. ?ric (The 
J. V. Jric -.ducational Club) for the purpose of engendering greater interest 
in the proposed collection for the benefit of the political action in behalf 
of Bohemian independence. ':!he first meeting; of this kind v;as held recently 
in the hall of Sokol Ilavlicek-Tyrs. .l:id if it has been said that this first 
meeting was an enthusiastic one, and both morally and materially successful, 
the sa:r.e claim must be made for yesterday* s manifestation.... • 

The first Bohemian spea::3r was Dr. J. i:. 3. Vojan, v/ho, in hi- t.venty-five- 
minute address, discussed practically the sa:r.e ideas he set forth in the 
meeting at the Sokol Havlicek-Tyrs hall..#«» 






Ill H - 2 - BCKZ-ILU: 

III 3 2 

II D 10 Dennl Illasatel , Liar. 11, 1915. 

I G 

IV The speaVcer f*or the Slovaks v;dS....i-L. L. rlrizan....;yho maintained 

that all differences and petty grievances het.veen the Bohemians 

and Slovaks should no.v b3 forr.otten and.... that .-11 of us should v;ork ^ 

together toward the co.Timon .^oal of liberty/ ^' 



Aiother speaLer ;vas Tvrzickykra/.ier 



I — 

"ID 



■.tf'e are iiifomed that the collection amounted to .^.50.71..... ^ 






Ill H BOHEMIAN 

II D 10 

I Dennl Hlasatel ^ Mar. 3, 1915. 

WHY NOT ^ffi? 

(Editorial) 

Most distressing calls for help are reaching us from the old country, but 
nobody seems to heed them* This is almost unbelievable when we recall that 
in former years, when our help was not so badly needed, when it was not a 
question of supporting actions of such magnitude that they may be of decisive 
importance for our native country and its future, when the suffering was not 
80 great and so general, we opened our hands with much more generosity aoid 
munificence* 

The Jews are getting ready to send millions of dollars to the Jews in Russian- 
Poland and Galicia; the Poles will send hundreds of thousands, and we cannot 
get together even tens of thousands* A great epoch requires great men and 
great sacrifices* Only a nation having such men and ready to make such 



Ill H - 2 - 30ff:mian 

II D 10 

I C Denni HLasatel ^ l^r* 3, 1915. 

sacrifices will be able to profit by such an epoch. ;Vhen we watch our 
Bohemians in America we Qet quite concerned about the future of our nation. 



T^ 



O 









1 ^ 

1 V 



iCacnicha -tra::a 



ai'» 



-; /-N •» »" 



' ) 



J.,^J- 



^-^ • 






ounday, j'ebruary l^cth, t:ie brai-cii ci lae Croatia:. Unity "I., ^tija Gubec'' 
gav3 a public iect..ro entitled "j'ricud.: i.nd JncnioG of the Croatian 
rocpio". Tiie lecmror v» ^s Dr. Bianl:ini. Tue lecturer reor,-3.:ted all 
present to re,;istar as neriber^ of the branch, i^ecauGe ii it 



C* ti .-^ 



a - a. 



he said - tnat in such a ^re .t Crcati-.n settler.e.it a:i- Chica-'o, tnere 
are only twent:-"-!* ive .?ienbers. 



Cf ccurse axV/cne '..ho re.-:i:ter3 as a :.ie:..bor has to ^av c::e aollar, othor- 
v/ise he cannot beco .e a soldier for the natir^nal causa. 



Ten :.iunute.: v;ere v^riven to re^'istration. cloven re:;istered. Tien the 
lecture br.-^an. ..e brinr; juct 3o::.o excerpts fro:.. Dr. Diankini^s lecture: 



"-jnrjand .yent to '..ur to defend intcrnatiL.nal lav; ar.d iustice. If God 



-yrants it, -r^ussia vdl.. occupy Constantinople. 



^■> 



ter 



Uj. 



' ^> 



1 i 



le 



^ C* O "f"*?^ 



re 



g^.. 



V-^Vj. J.^ 



I 



victorious all Jlavic nations v.-ill be iinii.ed ar.O for::: a federative Union," 

"Russia if," said Dr. -ia^ikini, ''in social matters nore perfect tlian c^ny 
oa-3 civilized state. '^ 

"In Russia public opinion vjas for " ar. Conservatives and liberals united 
for the deTense of little oerbi-. ." 

"The v;ar is nou between '3ernanis:.. and Jlavis::. If there ever vas, no^; is 
tiiC ti::ie to uni^e and to shout, tliat other nati::ns nay knov/ what v.e v;ant." 

liie lecturer prcceeced in this tone ;jloriiyinc Russia and abusing -nustria. 

< « 

Cf course, nobod^^ knoi.s v;hat is :ieant b- "liberation by -^us :ia" and 
"unification cf all Jlavic nations." 

It see.MS tiie inacination of somb people penetrated into special worlds, 



-i. o. J. -X — ».v~ 

IV riacniclra oT^rar.a, ...ar. 3, 1915, 

vjhicli onablej thcM tc Icol: upon r«.u33ia as a li:)'jratcr. 

Ruo.-ia is net v;ii.lino to ,:ivo freedo:.. to anybody in lier own lancf. hcv4 
could i^lie £;ivo it to otherr.. In taece cre:u.s, ju.. . re]i3:.:ber the Polish 
nation to see the "brotherl-;" love oi"* -ussia. Dr. ^ia:il:ini accentuated 
that, at the ir.eetinc a.j the people nay hear fror. every one of those 
present, But Mer. l..r. I.lijo Trcak 'Jcmied to tell hi:: opinion, he ;vas 
forbidden to talh bevause he is not a i:ienber, tiiao r.eans ho did not 
p y one dollar, -^-^-t taat iieet^nc' the r i.si^t \o speah co^t a dollar* 
This nethod prevents cinyone fro.: c ..ntr^idictiny those ..:io pr-.y a dollar. 
They are unani:.:ous fron tiie start. 

Ihere v;as a co:.^:.otion in t;he -lall v;hen ..!r. -'rch v;as forbidden to :..peak. 

It seeii.'j that certain c^ntlenen fe';r freodoir. of speech, the no re so \iAeii 
that fLirnisntja the possibilit- that soi.eone c ould bo able to naj:ie and 
uncover the arch cnenicj of t. e Croatian nation. 












. ■» rT « ' 



III H 

III B 2 

II D 10 Denni Hla s atel , Jan. 29, 1915. 

I Cr 

IV TO BCIL-!:!.lAi: I.ATIOrALS IN Ai.:^>^ICA 

The Ceske llarodni Sdnizeni (Bohemian National Alliance) of Chica^^o is address- 
ing an appeal for help to similar organizations in other ATierican cities, and 
to all Bohemians, v/!:iich does not need to be and -which must not be explicit. 
An esteemed Bohemian leader, v/hose name is known to three men only in our 
organization but for whose absolute honesty and sincerity the Sdruzeni offers 
every assurance, asks for $10,0C0 for political action in behalf of the 
Bohemian cause in Europe. It v;ill be impossible to publish any report on the 
use of the money, but an accounting will be made after the war. This is very 
little, but, just the same, it is all the information we are in a position to 
give to our public at this time. Any additional information would damage 
gravely the entire action and the man who is undertaking it. All of you who 
can help and are in favor of helpinr the old country in any political action 
its accreditee representative and spokesman is about to undertake should do 
30 soon. 



^ 



I 



'J 



ui 



Ill H - 2 - BOTIK^'^IAi: 

III B 2 

II D 10 Denni Hlasatel , Jan. 29, 1015. 

I Cr 

IV 'Ve p iblish here the first contributions received for this purpose: 
\'r, J. F. Stepina, Chicar-o, i?^500; the Cesko-A^.ericka Tislcova Kancelar 

(Boheinian-Anerican Press Bureau), -500; Dr. P. D. Simunek, ftlQO. All con- 
tributions will be publicly acknowledged by the Sdruzeni once a week. In 

order to avoid anv "oosGible confusion as to whether the donations are for ^ 

relief purposes or for the aforesaid action, all moneys donate! for the latter P- 

purpose should be sent to our president. Dr. L. J. Fisher, 2533 South Central ^ 

park Avenue, Chica,;ro, Illinois. All pertinent correspondence should be g 

addressed to Dr. J. ?]. S. Vojan, 2C04 South Albany Avenue, Chicago, Illinois. ^ 

C-  
'* o 

In this cause, not v/ords but deeds talk! Let us reme:.iber the words of Thomas gx? 
Paine in his introduction to the Crisis: "These are the times that try men^s 
soulsl" Let us remember the immense amounts of money donated by American 
Irisl:imen for their fi^>:ht for Home Rulel 

For the Geske Ilarodni Sdruzeni, 
Dr. L. J. Fisher, president. 



Ill H 
I G 

Denni Hlasatel^ Jan. 24, 1915. 



BOHEMIAN 



ACTIVITY OF OUR COUlsTEYMSTv DT RUSSIA 
Report of the Korrespondencni Kancelar Svazu Gesko-Americkych Zumalistu ^ 
(Correspondence Bureau of the Bohemian-American Newspapermen's Association). 5 

Our countrjrman, J. Walter, has passed on to us for publication an interesting p 
letter from an ardent Bohemian national worker, Stepan Horsky, who is better ^ 
known in Russia by the name of Gorski* Horsky used to be a very good friend 
of Stolypin, and has an important standing among our countrymen in Russia. 
Horsky writes fi*om Kizza, December 30: 

••Among us in Russia there is the general and unanimous belief that, after all, 
we shall win out in the end» Bohemian Moscow started by organizing the 
Husitska Druzina (Hussite Group /of Comrades/) • The Druzina, which, in fact, 
is a Bohemian legion, is headed by the Russian colonel, Sozentovic; Brother 
Tucek, president of the Bohemian Committee of Moscow, is its political leader. 
Let us hope he will develop into a Bohemian Garibaldi. He is a man of great 



r 



Ill H - 2 - BOi-ia.:iAi-i 

I Gr 

Denni Hlasate l, Jan. 24, 1915 • 

ability, and is a most honest worker. Before the war^, he v/as the manager of 
the Moscow branch of the firm of Laurin A. Klement /Bohemian firm manufacturing 
motorcycles and automobiles/, lly friend Hrabe is vice-president of the Bohemian 
Committee, and so am I. Our leaders have arranged things so that Tucek has joined 
the Druzina. I am working outside of Russia, and Ilrabe is taking care of Bohemian 
matters in LIoscov;. ^ 

"As the delegate of the Bohemian Committee of Moscow, I have traveled through - 

Italy, France, and England. Now I am returning to Italy on my way back to J 

Paris, where our convention will be held January 28, and not, as originally ^ 

announced, on January 14. Bohemians and Slovaks will meet in this convention. \ 

An all-Slav convention or meeting is scheduled to be held in Paris on February • 

4. In Paris we have established, as a preliminary organization, the ITarodni g 
Rada Cesko-Slovanskych Kolonii (National Council of Bohemian-Slavonic Colonies), 
and v/e shall be publishing a periodical in the French and English language under 
the title of L^ Independence Tcheque. To provide information on the all-Slavic 






Ill H - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

I a 

Dennl Hlasatel , Jan* 24, 1915 • 

cause, we expect to publish Les Nouvelles Slaves » Moscow, Paris, and London 
have each donated two hiuidred francs for the expenses of the Narodni Rada 
Cesko-Slovanskych Kolonii* Of course, this is very little; but we hope 
that other cities will support our movement. I am approaching you, my worthy 
young friend, with the following appeal: 



€ 
t? 



**Please work among the Bohemians and Slovaks in iUnerica, make them acquainted 

with our activity, and have them Join us* We do not need financial support as 

much as we need moral encouragement* For conferences on important matters, 

we are in need of men with political experiences* We would like to give the 

leadership to prominent Bohemicuis and Slovaks in the United States* Let them 

know this, talk about it in your meeting, and do something about it* I know 

you as a good Bohemian and a true Slav* Therefore, I hope that my voice will D^ 

not be *a voice crying in the wilderness** Let them send us articles for 

L* Independence Tcheque * You yourself should write something for us* Everyone 

must do his bit* Remain in good health, and co-operate with us with cheerful 

hearts! Na ZdarS (To Success!) 

•Tours , 

"Stepan Horsky*** 



III II BOII^IIA If 
I G 

IV Denni Illasatol, Dec. 'Zl , 1914. 



THii TniiTH .lBOUT CCIIDIT1C1I3 IN BOIL-LIIA 

A Call to Bohenian-.^nericans for 'lelp (Froii the Bohemian- 
American Press Bureau) 



f- 



,',3»« 



The nev;s nbout conditions in the Boher.ian lands h-s afforded us a ver^'- in- ^ 

complete .)icture of the true situation, '.ecently -ve -vitnassed the disseni- -::! 

nation of ne;7S of such a fantastic nature that it led Bohemian /jisrica to P 

the most erroneous conclusions and i^enerated a multiplicity of false combi- ^ 

nations and suppositions, xhis uncertainty was not, v/e are sure, of any o 
benefit to the cause ivhich is so dear and sacred to us all; but we are just 



< .^ 



as certain that it has not for a minute deprived us of our faith in our ro 



nation's firm and confident facing of its future* .;e never believed the ^ 

reports v/hich //ere calculated to shov/ the Bohanian nation as uniformly 
loyal to Austria, and v/e shall never oelieve any of the Austrian official 



Ill :: - -. - 

I C- 

17 Jerm ..L^at3l, Jjc. :j7, 1914. 



-.V^^. 



:ii; 



press bareau*3 ro-ooruG cf laniresi-aticns cJ ..uGtrian loralty in rra,"^UG. 

"N3vortlielo33, .ve .liv^ an::io.i3l" av;ait:0d the fir^t n^'vs frc::; i.li3 old coantrv 
tliat v'ouid. tell us nora th-ia th3 Pra-^ue news^a "ers or tno irisi_)i(i, color- 
lass lettors zsi'.it i.ivc oean raachin; us iiere — nj.vs that .vould eiiabla us to 
fatLo-i the inport oi* i:i3tor"''-i.:ar:in,:; jvants ...losa scena is laid in tna old 
countr^r. 



> 



TS 



..a hava to adnit tha^ it .;as ,ui;^j inpojsibl^j to contact oiir Triands in 
3ohe:r.ia uurinr tha verv first parioa of tha \.'ar, aiid taat it is still o 

ratnar difficult, z^ii^ tha fact ra.iains thit .^a .•••va no.; racaivad one first ^^^ 
de-^ailad aid roliabl^ raports ajouL th: spirit p^-evailin:; in ::ohj.;iia _nd a^out -v; 
avents of "Dha last fov; .months o.* this hapl>^oS paar. ^ 

That nav/s is oi* sucl: i:.i crt-.nca ^h^t it ..nould oa raad b'^ all of tna 



X 



III H - 3 - BOIII^^L\N 

I a 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 27, 1914. 

Boherrdan^xx^ierican people and tho appeal for help '.vhich it contains should 
deeply stir the hearts of all of us. 

This news v/as sent to Jiditor Joseph Tvrziclcy for the proposed ne;vspaper, 
Ooslca iVierika (Bohemian /jiierica) and forv/arlad to the Cesko-.^aericka Tiskova 
Ilancelar (Eoheriim-^^jnerican Press Bureau) for publication, together .vith 
other valuable liformation and letters. All this v;ill be published in the 
near future. 

Pra^^ue, UoveTiber 15, 1914. 

''I should be writing a very, very Ion,'?, letter if I tried to tell you all 
that is going on in Bohenia — all that has been happening here from the 
beginnia^ of the war; v/hat is being born; v;hut is snoldering; and .vhat is 



p 



II li - 4 - BOKJvlIiyiT 



I a 

IV Denni Ilia sat el , Dec. £7, 1914. 

being prepared; v;hat our political leaders are thinkiiig about; what the 
hearts of the hundreds of thousands of our soldiers beat for, soldiers v.ho 
go to death for the sake of liberty 

•'No doubt our dear j:ohetiia is a{Tain a countrj in v/hich the lava of historical 
events is boiling under an artificial, caLa surface. The hearts of the 
people are filled v;ith tho hirJiost acliieveniont of civilization: Liberty. 
They all sense that v;hat has been hidden for centuries in the most intinate 
hopes and desires and memories of the Bohemian people and its best men is 
bound to push through — no-v or never riore — in tha form of a .^rorseous blossom 
of a nev/ life, lifo bom of soil soaked in blood; that it is bound to 
materialize in a glorious call of tha truo, proud, and I'ree humanity, which 
is our historical heritage. 

"Cur dear overseas co^antr:.T.ien! .Ve know that you are ..orking for your 



III II - 5 - BOIiJ.:iAN 
I G 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 27, 1914. 

native country, that your ties of love, liope, and devotion v/ith 3^our nativo 
count i^r have perhaps never beon as strong as thoy are na;;I lisep on, perse- 
vere, v;ork for all you are worth. The victory of your native country,'- v/ili 

be yo'dT ov/n victor^,*"! Let the v;hole world see tliat v;e deserve liberty, that ^ 

we knav lio:: to acliieve it by love, b^r work, by struggle. Do not lose confi- r^ 

dence in your country and your people abroadi Do not bo misled by our ^ 

caLii, because it is a calir. before the storm, the calrii of a poiverful hero P 

who has been ambushed and fettered, but v;ho nov; g^"^''-^^:*^ breath and flexes X 

his muscles for the decisive effort tiiat v;ill :.ial:e him free. "^ 



t.. 



To 

c ' 



•'I do not have to repeat the denial of all "ohe fantastic nev;s about bloody 
riots in Prague, about the ruins of the St. Guy Cathedral, the National 
Luseum, of all the historical landmarks. They are as false as the re^/ort 
that iGLofao Rational Socialist party leader and deput^^, Llraiaar /^oung 
Bohemian party leader and deputjy , laasaryk Realist Party leader and 
deput\7^, and others have been shot ' 



TTT "'■-'' 

•^•^•^ •"' - 6 - np.T:-:r-r ,?>r 
I L> 

lY 

Denni rllasatcl , Dec. 27, 1914. 

^^J^ere follav tv/o columns describing the baiting of Bohemians in 1-ragua by 
Germans Pind ^ds^ attempts at provokin;_ the'i to riotin^^, false inanifesta- 
tions of Boho.^ian loyalty put up by C^e.iaan suudents and Jewish store en- 
ployees, 3tc. Also thsre is a true stor:^ of two battalions of the Infantry 
Hegiriient Ho. 28 vjhich v/as being recruited from Prague and which did riot, 
in fact, uhroatening to shoot their officers when the oattalions were being 
entrained for the frontjjT" 

''It is a ,i;reat fight, our dear country:aen in .jaerica, and we can hardly 
expect to achieve a coini^jlete victor^" v;ithout your help " 



r - 



en 



Ill II BQIELJiJI 

I C 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 22, 1914* 

LST US HUG CLnliiH VitLiT VE IMIT 

At this time, when one of the greatest trai^odies in history is being enacted 
on Europe's battlefields and ne;v foundations are beiag created for the 
political and economic life of almost the v;hole world, most serious 
deliberations are imperative. All circuj.istances must be considered before 
any action is started in order to be sure that the oceans of blood now 
being shed shall not be shed in vain, and that from the battlefields a 
better future may grow for the world. For us, the Bohemianc, Members of 
a nation which has been oppressod for centuries, careful deliberation and 
timely action is that much more imperative; the time has come when the 
terrible vrounds inflicted upon us by and after the Battle of iVhite Mountain 
can be healed. V/e, the Bohenian-^^jnericans, have the opportunity and 
freedom to act. Hot to use this opportunity, to misuse it, or to fail to 
act would be nothing less than a betrayal of our nation and a failure of 
our duty. 

^Vell then, what must we do, and hov/ must we do it in order to accomplish 



Ill H - 2 - BOHElgiVIT 

I C 

I G v^ Dennl Hla satel^ Dec. 22, 1914. 

that which is required of us by the developneiitG of the present era? 

This is an extreiiely difficult question which can be answered only after ^ 

the most serious deliberations. Only when our task is clear and vdien we ^ 

know our mission can we expect all Bohemian-Americans to support us with p 

their energy and their money in doin^ whatever will be found imperative. -^ 

So far none of the bodies created, in these serious tines, to defend the "^ 

interests of our nation, have made known its aiJis and the means by which 

it proposes to achieve them. If, at the very start, enthusiasm and zeal if 

rather than critical deliberation were the iw^tive power for our actions, 

it is necessary now that, we see the delay it has caused in our planning— 

critical deliberation onlj^ should be the source of om^ persistent efforts 

and should help in removine the last obstacles for the future. At the 

beginning all of us were certain tliat the Allies would win an early victory. 

V7e figured that six would certainly defeat two, with England* s rule of the 

seas. 






r 



Ill E - 3 - BOIIBHIAIT 

I C 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Deo. H2, 1914. 

liow, after five ioonths of the v/ar, it. is necessary to revise sonev/hat our 
calculations. It is necessary to consider cold facts, and to nive the 
ene^ny his due. He never wins who underestiinatos or overestimates his foe. 
In all justice, we have to adnir, that Gen-ian^/ is accomplishing real wonders 
in the military, econonic, and financial fields. If it has not made f^ood 
its bombastic boast~to dine in Paris in a month and in Lioscow one month 
later— it has soberel up and nov; v;orks syste/iiatically, heroically, and 
persistently in order to assure victor;:,''. It is retting ready for a long 
v/ar. fields where formerly beets, for the manufacture of export su^r 
were grovm, are 30v;n v/ith .^rain to feed the nation which is singularly 
united and deter::iined to win. The famous Cierrinn chemists and engineers 
are raking sure the continued manufacture of all necessary goods, and 
inventing nev; inple-ients for the defence and the a^^ressive acts of the 
country. 

Financially, Germany has stood the first impact in an excellent i.ianner, 



r- 



III H - 4 - B0Hi3.1I.ii; 

I C 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 22, 1914. 

and it seens that until nov;, at least, it has been able to carry the 

burdens of the war most satisfactorily. German:'', contrary to the 

general belief, was not ready for a lon^-^ war. It had lived in the 

illusion that it v;ould quickly destroy the ener.Xr''. Hot until now has 

it cone to the realization that it is in a lon^:^ and blood^r war, and 5 

it is cutting ready for such a v/ar vath the proverbial Gernian energy. £ 

Neither let us believe that tine is an element vjhich works against t!3 

Germany only. Geriiianj'' is united and need not fear internal unrest. 
But in England there has been unrest already v/hich, of course, has been 
suppressed for the tinie beins, and Russia had a revolution during;' the 
Russo-Japanese war wiiich won the war for Japan. Tliese are plain facts 
v;hich may not be to our likin^i, but must not be overlooked. 

But there is another fact. Germany, even v;hen it fi^iits as it does, with 
alrwst unequaled rar7;e, bravery, and perseverance, need not hope for victory. 



C»" 



Ill 11 - 5 - BOIiavil.^ 

I c 

I G Deimi Illasatel, Dec. 22, 1914. 

Geriiany will not win because it must not win« Gernnn victor^' would make 
the Kaiser more than a Napoleon, because the IZaiser would have won a 
simultaaoous victory over all his foes, and then, woe not only to those 
who had been defeated, but also to neutrals who, like Italy, have deserted 
Germany at the very last miaute. Althou^ Germanj^ has been accomplishinf £ 
wonders, it cannot perform mir<icles, and just as it has exhausted the energy 
of its western army, it will exliaust it in the e^ist, and its glory will be 
over* But if* we maintain that Gemnny cannot win, we must not rely with c? 
absolute certainty upon its decisive defeat. Such a reliance would prove 
our great ignorance of our own history— the Hussite wars— w\riiere not more 
than a handful of peasants, but full of zeal for their own cause, defended 
themselves successfully H<^ainst practically all Europe. There are many 
similar examples in history where a nation filled with enthusiasm and zeal 
could not be subdued nor annihilated, /aid does not Geriaany offer today a 
picture of an enthusiastic, united nation, a nation which is determined to 
defend ibseir to the very last, and to use for its defense all of the best 



-t: 



re 



Ill II - 6 - BC-ISl'IIAN 

I G 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 22, 1914. 

means iiu.n\an intelle^^t could deviso? Let us not be misled by the illusion 
tliat such a nation can be crushed. 

V/hat is the Alliens Aim? 

Tlie reasons for iiinglrmd's ontir/ into the war are uost ably discussed by 
the greatest living English writer, Georce Bernard Shav:, in articles nov7 
bein^:: published in the Chicago Sunday Tribime . The reason v;as not the fe 

violation of Bel^:iurii*s neutrality. That was only a pretext handed to ^^ 

England by Genran cluiisiress. The reason was the fear that the Europeeji 
balance of pov/er mi/':ht be upset and thus England itself endangered. England 
fights Germans'- for the same reasons today as she fought King Philip II of 
Spain, ^over whose lands the sun did not set," in 15388; and sent llarlborcugh 
against Kin^ Louis XIV, who maintained that "he was the State," one hundred 
years later; and a£^in some one hundred years later succeeded in locking 
Napoleon I in a cace on the Island of St. Helemi; for the same reason she 



^ 



Ill II - 7 - BOHSTvII^I 

I C 

I G Denni Illa satel, Dec. ?,?., 1914. 

besei^^-ed and captured Sebastopol in the Crimean V/ar: to prevent the 
possibility of a rival gror;ing stron^r. enough to endanger her supreiiacy. 
••V/ho knows," says Bernard 3hav7, "that in fifty years En^dand, in alliance 
with Gerinany, v;ill not be fi^htine Russia, or even France? It v/ould not 
be the first tine " 

France v.'ants, in the first place, ^llsace-Lorraine and the security of t^ 

her colonial empire acainst Gerr.-an exi.^ansion. Those who remember the :^ 

Tachod f^\^ affair in 1898, when ZnfJ-and :3na1,clied from the hands of 
France the Sudan occupied by Colonel Llarchard, know tliat it vjas not alv/ays 
Gerrany that crosr>od the interests of France. 

V^hiere are the interosts of Russia? First in the Balkans where they are 
traditional, and then in the Dardanelles which would afford her free access 
to the V7i(ie seas and to worla trade. V.hat aix)ut the principle of satisfying 
small nations, the forr^ation of Poland, etc.? The reader may say: "Of 



Ill H - 8 - BOHgI.IIM 

I c 

I a Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 22, 1914. 

course, promises are bein,:; made today, but •pronisins is cheap, and giving 
cost''> a heap, * • * 

V/heii they need you, they are quick to promise. Bismarck promised us a lot 
of thincs in 1366, but nobody believes today that he ever thought of fulfilling 
his promises, '.tfhy should jii^rland , v/ith her Irish, Hindus, and iSgyptians fight 
for the national principle? aVhy shO'jld France v/ith her Moroccans, .Algerians, Vr 
and many other nationals fi{;-ht for them, and v.^.y should Russia with her Finns, 
Letts, Ukrainians, various Tartars, and Caucasians fight for them? It is 
difficult to ansvjer v/ith any decree of lo:;ic. Today, the Poles are bein^-:^ 
promised independence by Russia just as well as by Germany v/hich, until yester- 
day, v;as doin2 -H it could to exteriiijiato them. vVhy do they do it? Benjamin 
Franlclin has written about it in his "Grinding" /J^^ ^^^ we have a fitting 
saw about pulling hot chestnuts out of the fire* 

;Vhat Do V/e Bohemians V/ant? 
Of coui^se, all of us heartily desire Bohemian independenc«3. A Bohemian 



«^ t 



Ill H - 9 - DQHELII/JI 

I C 

I G Denni Hlas&tel ^ Dec. 22, 1914. 

republic is the ideal for which all of us should gladly sacrifice ever^^thing*. 
But, alas, everything in the world does not r,o as vie should like it to go, 
and v;e cannot conquer more than fate will periiit* It is healthy to have 
ideals, and nothing can be accomplished without them. But day dreaning or 
building castles in Spain saps creativeness and is a sign of weakness. Let 
us first be sure of what we want, and then the manly "I will, I can*' is in 
order. 

Let us look around a bit in historj^ to see how other nations have rained 
their independence. Let us take, for exejr.ple, Italy which, in very recent 
tines threv/ off her Hapsburr: yoke. Here the liberation and unification of 
a once great country v/as not the vjork of a fev; Carbcii^iri (secret revolutionary 
societies); it was not given to Italy through the good graces of other po7;ers, 
or of sons ^'righteous*' diploriats. It was the result of the proper application 
of her own pov.'or and of long and strenuous efforts. Poets had been preparing 
the people for independence, great statesr.ien like Cavoni v/ere the builders 






Ill H - 10 - BOBgailAII 

I C 

I G Denni Illaaatel, Dec. 22, 1914. 

of independence, and great heroes like Garibaldi v/ere the fi(>Iiters for 
independence. Thousands of hands and hundj:»eds of the best brains were 
at work on it for about thirty years. The stUvdy of Italy* s liberation 
v/ould be most profitable for our people in these days. The liberation 
of Serbia, Greece, and other nations cane about in very much the same 
way as that of Italy: throuijli inner strength and persistent effort. 

And what has been going on in Bohemia tliat would justify hopes that we 
can help achieve the independaiiCH of Bohemia toda3^? V/ho amon^ us has 
ever foriiiulated clearly the idea of independence? V/hat great, serious 
statesman or politician has ever dealt with that idea? V/hat poet has 
sun2 about it? UTiere is the multitude that would be willing to pay for its 
liberation v/ith blood? Our best politicians — Havlicek, Falacky, and Rie^;:er — 
did not think that far. True enough, Svatoplulc Cech has put many an 
indication into his "Fisne Otroka^' (A Slave's Songs) and "Lesetinskj^ Kovar" 
(The Blacksmith of Lesetin) , but these were nothing more tlian indications, and 






Ill H - 11 - BOJ-n^IgjilT 

I 



c 



I G Denni Ilia sat el > Dec. 22, 1914. 

the people have failed to unclorstand hin; ar,ain, true enough, we have a 

handful of deternined heroes in France, and many have given evidence of < 

backbone in Austria itself. But all that may hardlj'' be conpared to the ^ 

fire started by Garibaldi. Tlie aims of Boheroian politicians were, quite ^ 

contrary to a fii'e, yet fully in keeping with the desires of the ciajority ^ 

of the Bohemian people to achieve autonornj?- — v:hich could well be the last 5r 

step toward independence. Nature does not love leaps, has said Linne, £ 

and if she does not love leaps in organic life, no doubt she does not love ^ 
leaps in the life of nations, either. 



Let us bear in mind that even our United States did not become in one 
stroke v/hat it is today. The peace with En^and was signed in 1783, and 
not until 1787 was V/ashington elected President. It took four years 
before the country, libei^ted and left to her o\m resources, succeeded 
in findinc the v;ay to its own form of fpvemiriDnt. How lone \vould this 
take us, unprepared as we are, surrounded by encinies, and handicapped 






Ill K - IJ^ - BO KSIII/iIT 

I C 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Dec, 22, 1914. 

by unfavorable conditio as? 

It is lofjiical that the aim of the present Bohenian politi?l'ans should be -i; 
nothing else but the autonor^' of Bohei;iia. That is the nearest to p 

independence and the most possible. It iy> the iiiost possible because ^ 

our present strength does not seem to suffice for an^'thin^^ more, and it c 
vjould be a mistake to rely upon favorable circumstances and luck, "lian, ^ 
help thyself.....," is an old, true, saying. It is doubly true in regard *, 
to nations. It is the most possible also because Crermany would never 
tolerate having its soutliern border menaced by a Slavic state, and it is 
not certain that Germany will be so badly cnashed that it will have to 
stand for ani''thins. Finally, it is the laost possible because the 
establishment of Bohemian independence would be contrary to the interests 
of England. The reason for this is tliat in an independent Bohemia, Russia 
would have great influenc~i, and thus would extend her sphere of interests 
into the very center of Europe which means an impairmont of the balance 



Ill H - 13 - 30HEKL\IT 

I c 

I G Denni Hlaaatel , Dec. 22, 1914. 

of pox^ars and therefore a throat to the interests of England. As we have 
indicated already, Russia will be intsrestol priinarily in the Balkans, and 
her interest there will be much stron^:er tlian in us, who have been so far 
completeli/ or very lauch of an unknown quantity officially. 



< 



"The more you ask for, the ^aore you get," goes a saying. But there i:^ 

another sayin^^ to tha efCect that "who wants too much, gets nothing". -^ 

The present tiiie is much, too serious to be wasted ih hazardous experiments. ^^\ 

If Bohemian-Aroerica should succeed in accoinplishint: anythiUi^ it is necessary <•* 

that v/e assume a unite 1 front for v/hich again it is indispensable for us 

to know exactly wliat we vjant. How, at the very beginning of the present 

;var, voices were being heard callin:^ for Bohemian independence. Verj'' well. 

But that was in the time of the first elation, and all of us felt that way. 

But now we have sobered up some.vhat and xvant to know — v/hat is x^rtiat. Let us 

not become deluded into believing that employing a diplomat, or mailing out 

a pamphlet — no matter how excellent either may be — v;ill suffice for the 



Ill H - 14 - BOHSLIAIT 

I c 

I G Denni Hlasatel> Dec> 22, 1914, 

acconplishiient of such a {:^t,antic undertakiric^ as buildint^ up a new state. 

(By the way, it raay be v/ort/a consicierin^- that we shall be likely to run '^ 

into difficulties in finding here an "excellent diploimt ♦*• ) Asking people V 

to sacrifice their Money and assune the responsihi-.ity of speakin^^ on behalf 

of the whole nation are most serious undertaking's. They can be fuller 

justified only when preceded by the adoption of a definite and realistic 

plan. No visionary dreams or pror-iises that xve shall "fix it" in due time 

^Till do. 



Our duty is to do something that would serve really to benefit the Bohemian 
nation rather than i:-lorified publicity in the Enclish lan^iuiaGe daily press. 
That requires the most serious consideration of all ar^^aents for and against 
anj^ suggested plans. It requires perspicacity, astutennss, and an indic>ttion 
of creative ability tliat v;ill enceuder confidence which is indispensable for 
our unification. First let us inalce clear what we want, and then, let us be 
first in doin^^ what we v/ant. 

Jaromir Victor lligrin 






Ill H B0H3MIAK 

I C 

Denni Hlasatel , Dec. 22, 1914. 

Tffii CZAR V/ANTS IIJDEPEND3NCE FOR US 

(Editorial} 

We, Boheiaians in the united :3tates, surely are sone boys. As soon as v/e ',. 
make a move for the liberation of the old country, the Russian Gzar hears [ 
about it and formulates his conditions of peace in accordance with our 
ideas. Just think of it: Yet there are pessimists among us who dare main- :^ 
tain that we, here, do nothing but sleep and that v/e never will accomplish ^ 
anything 



~o 



CD 



cr 



Ill H 3CEIEMIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 28, 1914* 

CHANGES HI THE ORGANIZATION OF PARIS BOHEMIANS 

The mail reaching us yesterday from Paris brought an interesting letter from 
the Committee of the Bohemian Colony and Volunteers of Paris v/hich shows that 
the original committee Has dissolved and that at present, the club is going 
through a crisis; that the paper Na Zdarl (To Success! ), which was profusely 
quoted by certain Bohemian nev/spapers in Chicago, is not an official publication 
with the right to speak on behalf of Paris Bohemians, but rather a private enter- 
prise which is being published for profit. Our readers will get a clear idea 
about the whole situation from reading the letter in its entirety: 

'Taris, November 12, 1914. 

'T^ear Countrymen: In the general confusion of the first days of mobilization, 
the Bohemian colony in Paris charged a number of countrymen with the responsi- 
bility of protecting its rights and securing permission for its members to 



Ill H - 2 - BQHEiaAlNj 

II B 2 d (1) 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 28, 1914. 

remain in Paris. 

'^The mandate of this committee was of a temporary, provisional character* How 
that some of its members have enlisted in the French Army, some have left Paris, 
and Members Hoffman-Kratky, Novak, and Bilek have resigned, and the committee 
is unable to function, a pleuary meeting of the whole colony v/as called for 
Noveraber 10 at v/hich a new, definite set of officers was elected. 

These officers have been elected from among those of our countrymen who are 
noted for their patriotism, unselfishness, and willingness to work hard. Their 
names are a guareintee that they will bring the work which the colony has agreed 
upon to do to a successful conclusion. 

•*In apprising you of this change, we wish to call your attention to the fact 
that this definite, permanent committee only has the right to represent our 
local colony and the Bohemian volunteers and to protect the political and 



Ill H - 3 - BOHBLJAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , Nov. 28, 1914. 

economic interests of the Bohemian nation. 

"We also call your attention to the fact that the newspaper Na Zdarl is not 
the official organ of our colony — that it is rather a private enterprise of 
14p# Hoffman-Kratky who, having resigned from the committee, has lost his right 
to represent our local group. 

''We are, with cordial greetings, the Vybor Cesice Kolonie a Ceskych Dobrovolniku 
V Parizi (Committee of the Bohemian Colony and Bohemian Volunteers of Paris). 

^^J. Capek, president; P. Svoboda, vice-president; Ant. Vesely, Vilous Crkal, 
Rudolf Kepi, secretaries." 

/k French postscript is added to the letter giving the names, addresses, and 
official titles of this new permanent committee^^^ 






Ill H 

II D 10 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , Nov, 26, 1914, 

IV 

ACTIVITISS OF THE CESKD-SLOVANSKY POMOCNY VYBOR 
A Letter from Bohemia to Our Friends and Enemies 



BCHEHIiiN 



V" 

•^.3=^ 



In spite of all our intensive informative work, many of our countryiaen are not 
sufficiently aware of the great task which the Cesko-Slovansky Pomocny Vybor 1^;^ 
(Bohemian Slavonic Auxiliary Committee) has undertaken, and toward which it is o 
emd vrill be working with great diligence. This fact is evident from replies we ^ 
have been receiving from various societies, lodges, and associations to our U* 
letters requesting their financial and moral support, We are therefore, again 
publishing information that will, we hope, make our aims and objectives clear. 

Money collected by the Cesko-Slovansky Pomocny Vybor is destined to help the 
Bohemian nation in these difficult times — specifically, to alloy the misery and 
need which is already apparent in Bohemia, need and misery which will become 
appalling later on v/hen present stocks and supplies are exhausted. As Bohemians, 
and as men and humans, we have a sacred duty to help our kin. If any one of us 



Ill H - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II D 10 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Nov* 26, 1914. 

IV 

is helping his own relatives, that fact does not liberate him from 
the duty of helping the whole nation and the masses of those who have nobody 
to take care of then, our co-patriots in the old country who may be in the 
greatest need now, and whose distress will certainly be more pronounced in the 
near future. To care just for oneself and one's own family and own relatives 
is nothing but selfishness and shows an utter lack of national feeling. 

Even if it may be impossible for us to give a great deal to our country in these 
bad times, it must be expected that everybody will give at least something, no 
matter how little it may be. Every society, lodge, association, club, and every 
individual should prove by at least a small donation that there is compassion 
and charity, love and patriotism in his heart. 

The money should be sent to the American State Bank, 1825 Blue Island Avenue, 
Chicago. The bank keeps minute track of all our money, and one of its officers, 
Mr. 0. Vasak, is our treasurer. Each donor is given an individual receipt for 



Ill H - 3 - BCEEMIAI^^ 

II D 10 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , Nov. 26, 1914. 

IV 

his contribution, and once a week the donations are publicly receipted 
in the newspapers. If any name has been inadvertently omitted from these public 
receipts, please let us know by post card, and we shall be glad to rectify the 
error. The bank pays interest on the money we deposit. No salaries or expenses 
are being paid from this sum except current bills for postage, printing, and 
such necessary expenditures which the actual work in our office requires. There- 
fore, all the money collected will be turned over to the purpose for which it 
was donated. Every Bohemian has the right to look over our books during the 
bank's business hours. 

Dr. Josef Scheiner, president of the Ceska Obec Sokolska (Bohemian Sokol Com- 
munity) informs us by letter that he will be glad to help us in distributing the 
money. He thanks us on behalf of the Bohemian nation, and especially appreciates 
the fact that the Bohemians of America are showing their love for their home 
country now during more critical days than v/e ever could have dreamed of before. 
He has great faith and we hope with him that our countrjnnen here will not 



jjj H - 4 - BOEDEMIAN 

II D 10 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 26, 1914. 

IV 

disappoint his and our expectations. 

For the Cesko-Slovansky Pomocny Vybor, J. V. Nigrin, secretary; James F. 
Stepina, president. 



c 
(A 



Ill H BQHSI.:ii\N 

III B 2 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , Nov. 25, 1914. 

.^ INFLUENTLvL ^-^IGLISH I...GaZIITE ..RITES ON 

1HE BOhE..LJ^I qyEGTION 
(.iii article by the Bohemian-.^jiierican Press Bureau) 

The quiet but diligent work tov.ard the creation of conditions for a better 
future of our nation in the old country has not yet found full appreciation 
and understanding in some ;^Toups of the Boheiaian-iimerican public. It is 
certain, hov;ever, that the caL^i and efficient v/ori^: of the Oeske Narodni 
odruzeniV Chicagu (Bohemian National alliance of Chicago) and the Cesko- 
Americka Tiskova Kancelar ( Bohemian -^jiieri can Press Bureau) which, in fact, 
acts as the press comiaittee for the Narodni Sdruzeni, is findin^^ increased 
recoiyiition, as may be seen from the growing nuraber of testim.onials that 
have been addressed to the two bodies in these past few days. This, however, 
is quite natural. The American-Bohemians* action for the old country must 
be based on a foundation which is as solid as its air.is are important, and 
must be conducted in such a way as to insure real and permanent beneficial 
results. iTor this reason, all of our press releases are prepared after very 



Ill H - 2 - BOHEIIIAIT 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel, Nov. 25, 1914. 

serious deliberation on their probable effects and are based on thorough re- 
search of source iiiaterial and the use of reliable, unassailable data. 
Therefore, none of our press releases fails to impress its readers with a 
seriousness of purpose. The same applies to actions other than publicity work. 
But for reasons v;hich should easily be understood by anyone using good 
judgment and coinaon sense, not all of our activities may be disclosed publicly 
at this time. The time v;ill come, however, v/hen all correspondence conducted 
by our responsible officers vjill be published, and all of our countrymen will 
be given the opportunity to judge w^hat has been done for our beloved old 
country* 

That even the influential English press is being reached by our propaganda 
work and does not remain uninformed about the position of the Boheioian nation 
in this conflict is proved by The Out Look (sic), a magazine which is being 
published in London. Its issue of November 7 carries an article, "Bohemia 
and the War," by our friend R. J. Kelly, from which we have translated a few 
especially interesting paragraphs. 



Ill H - 3 - BOHgrJ.\N 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 25, 1914. 

^here follow eight long paragraphs about the position of the Bohemian Grovm 
Lands in Austria, the cultural and intellectual standards of the Bohonian 
nation, and its right to an independent future. The last of these paragraphs 
reads:/ 



Cf 

tJ 



"This ^ohemianT' nation has been suffering under the German yoke for a Ion 
time. Even if the Bohemans are a part of the people of the Austrian 
Monarchy, and as such cannot and must not publicly proclaim their sympathy 
for the Allies, they are keenly av;are of the fact that their men are being 
recruited to fight against the iLllies, There is no doubt that they are in 
full sympathy with the common Slavic cause, because it is also their cause, 
and they hope for its early and permanent success," 

In this way 1^. Kelly is educating the English public, and we should be truly 
grateful to him for publishing his views in a magazine with such prestige 
as The Out Look enjoys in the great English-reading public • 



Ill H - 4 - BOlJEMI/iI^I 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 25, 1914. 

His deductions are supported in the same issue by to. Francis F. Marchant, 
one of the group of Englishmen, accompanied by the present editor of the 
Cesko-Americka Tiskova Kancelar, \'^o visited Prague, Kutna Hora, Tabor, and 
other interesting cities of Bohemia some time ago, V/hat deep impressions 
this visit has left upon these thinking Englishmen is evident from a remark 
Mr. Marchant adds to Ur. Kelly's article: 

"It is deeply to be desired that Mr. Kelly's wishes be heard in the proper 
places. English visitors to Prague and all other Bohemian cities and country 
tovjns were most cordially v\/el corned for many years. In Bohemia there is a 
surprisingly large number of people who learn English and are interested in 
English literature and the constitution. Not so long ago, an old, historical 
church in Prague was given to the English and Americans for their worship by 
the Prague Ivlunicipal Council. The Bohemian University of Prague conducts a 
seminary for students of the English language..... 

"Before, as well as after the battle of the V/hite iLOuntain, the Bohemians 



Ill H - 5 - 3QHExJ:AN 

III B 2 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Nov. 25, 1914. 

suffered a great deal at the hands of their Teuton neighbors. Some time ago 
I wTote an article for you about the victims of the'Xultur,' the Danubian 
Slavs. Lir. Kelly* s reasons and speculations also apply to the Slovaks, both 
in ^.oravia and in Hungary. Their language is most closely related to the 
Bohemian language, and the name of Father lllinka is rather v;ell kno\vn even 
in England. Also, the Slovaks are obliged to fight for their ovoi schools '♦ 




  

Denni Illas atel, Nov. 1^3, 1914. 

(xirticle frcii the Boheiiiian ^uaerice.n Iresr, Bureau) 

Chicac:C, Iloveiiber 11, 1914. 

A nev;s article reacMn^- tUe Ceste-.-^iericka Tiskova ICancelar from Jjondon tells ^ 

about the di:'*j'icult situatiorx of 3ohe:.dans settled in Great Britain caused by :5> 

the fact tl:at the British authorities, in ccnti^st to the Tronch, do net ^ 
recornize any difference beti/een "Austrians" and nenbers of the Bohemian nation. CT 

The Bohoriians tiave alv;ays chorislied sincere feelin^:.-^ oi* friendship tovjard ^ 

England, and the onlv reason that the cordial relations of Boherlans and 2 

Britons of hipji standinr have nov: boon for^'otten scorn to be riilitary lo 

precautions, Such event^i a'"- tlie exceptionally cordial -'•ecopticn of Lord :::^ 

:.-a:;or Jtron:: of London and forty London alderiien at tho City Hall of rra^-.ue, ^ 
t\jo years a£p , and the subsofiuent vrlcome accordec: the Bohemian delcation 



I ll II - 2 - BOIELILiN 

III 3 2 

I G Denni Kl a sate l, IIov, IV. ^ 1914, 

consist in,:3 of the Hayor of the oit;r of* Frar^e and a number of Pra^^ue alderincn 
at the City Hall of London, reiiain a pleasant riemor^r, Therefoi^o, it is to be 
supposed that the present provisions against Bohenians in Encl^nd — obviated by 
the war — v/ill be rei^ioved as soon a3 the necessary e:"rf)lanations are liiado, and 
tliat the Bohemians in ^n.':land v.lll soon enjoy the same priviloi-^es as have been 
accorded then by both the civil and military authorities of the i'rench ^ 

pver^r.ient. To this end, a conference ;vas held Wednesday afternoon betv/een 
he preGident of the Cosko-'^aiericka Tiskova Kancelar, llr. James F. Stepina, 
and the British Consul in Chicaco. The confereiice, after a thorough analysis 
and discussion of the question, resulted in o telegraphed commianieation to the ^ 

3ri^.ish diploiTitic representative in .;ashin':ton, an;T direct intercession v/ith 
the British rovern-'isnt in London. '.7e are flad to state that the British 
Consul General, Llr. Horace Dickinson Hu^et, has takejn up this matter vdth a S 

great deal of undarstandinc and assured the president of the Cesko-Zunerioka ^ 

Tiskova Kancelar of his v;hole-Ue.?.rted support. Tliis step, made V7ir,h the 
a^^ree^ient of the Bohemian National .alliance v/iil no doubt result not only in 
the bettorraent of our countryroen's conditions in Great Britain, but also in 



Q 

4- 



2> 



o 



I 



Ill II - 3 - BciLiJLn:;!!! 

Ill 3 2 

I G Denn i Illasatel , i:ov. 12, 1914. 

calling Oreat Britain's ';ttention to the position talcen by the Froiich 
govarmient on the Boherlan question, a ciroui^stance o-^ the utnost inportance 
under present conditirns, and absolutely indispensable for steps to be 
taken by us in the future. 

It is up to our public to five tie neo-snary support to the i;or!: that tlie 

Cesko-j^jnericka Tiskova Kancelar is doin>-: on belialf and b^' order of the Ceske -r 

ITarodni Sdruzeni. This su];port •./ill enable the Tiskova Kancelar to fulfill -^ 

its i:iisr:.ion in these fateful days for our nation* < ^ 

The telef^rai.i sent by the president of the Cosko-.'vnericka Tiskova Kancelar ^ 

to the diploratic representative of Great Bri;:ain in ./ashint^ton reads as 
follows: 



"To Mis U:ccellency, .uabassador oprint-i^^ice, '..'asiiin,:ton, D. C: 

".ic cording: to inforiation v:e liave received, our Boheriian countri^iaen in 



o 



CD 



Ill H - 4 - 30Ii:j;IIi\N 

III 3 2 

I G Denni Illagatel ^ IIov. 12, 1914. 

London are considered." as eneriies of t lie British Crov.Ti. Tney are, as Austrians, 
held under police supervision in spite of the fact tliat they are in reality 
absolutely against the ^aistrian rovernj.'.ent . T2iis is proved by the fact that 
thirty-one of then have left London in Brit is! * unif'^^riis v/hich they boui'ht vrith 
their oim. ncney, and have joined tlie ITrench arri^'' in order to fidit ar-;ainst 
German:; ^i^d .^ustria. 

"Four 'iLmdrou Bolieirlans in Paris have joined the French ann^'' as volunteers, g 

althoufh they are not French citizens. Tlie Boher.iians in France and Russia :::^ 

are not considered, ener.des of these countries and continue enjcyinc the sane .— 

frecdon as the^" did prior to the vxar. 'Z^ 



"Our orr:anisation will t?.ke the liberty of preoontinc to your Excellency, 
thrcugli the British ConsulE^te General in Chica-^o, certain letters: \:e have 
received fron ICui»ope, together with an apieal for the benefit of Bohemians 5* 

livinc in Iilncland. A delegation representing the Bohernian-i\rerican Coiiaittee 






I 



Ill II - 5 - BOHSL ILuI 

III J 2 

I G Denni l aasatel, IIov. VI, 1914. 

of llev; York as v/ell as our ovra or/'ianizatioa v/ill call at the British :Jmbassy 
in .Vashineton, Friday, in order to present ohese docwaents to your ijxcellency. 

''loay we ask your x^xoellency to cive this matter your kind attention. 

"The Ceske Ilarodni Sdnizeni Vaineriee 

"Dr. Ludvik Fisher, president, 

"A. G. Llelichar, secretary. 

"The CeGko-;>nerioka Tiskova KanceLir 

"J". F. ijtepin-;., president, 

"J. Pserte. sec77etary." 

Sinult^.a^ously yji^.]i the dispatchiu-; or* this tele :ra:!i a wire v:ac sent to the 
Bohernian-Minericaa Coiiiiiitt.ee of Ilev; York, v/hich had advised us of its proposed 
int9rce::sioa in ...ashin;-i".ori, .^-ermestini^ the CorxiitloD to instruct its dele::ates 
to represent also the Geske Ilarodni 3dinji::eni v .jnerice ?.nd the Coi^ko-Jjnericka 
Tiskova Kancelar. In this v/ay the actio i v;ill assume the proper importance and 
neanin:;, 'ind shov; that the Bohe^iin.ns in iVierica act voluntarily and In unison. 



Ill H 
I G 

Dennl ELasatel, Nov. 11-20, 1914. 



B0Ki2-aAN 



JAR 13. ;S FUOM TILi OLD COUl^'THY 

The Denni Hlasatel continues to publish letters from friends and relatives of 
Bohemians in Chicago and elsewhere dealing with changes, needs, troubles, etc., 
of the senders caused by the war* It publishes also, daily, long lists of T*. 
dead, sick, and wounded Austrian soldiers. '^ 






Ill H BOmMlAN 

II D 10 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 29, 1914. 

PARIS B0II2MIAK3 TO TIEIR A^J2:RICAN COUlMTRYJIriiN 

Paris, October 1, 1914. 

Countrymen: Through centuries, our nation has been fight in^^ for liberty and i.. 
for the preservation of its national rights. Several times it succeeded in r_ 
regaining its independence, only to lose it again and again. - 

4 

It has been suffering for many years under the Austrian yoke. The v/hole 
Bohemian nation — Bohemians, Moravians, oilesians, and Slovaks — has keenly ". 
felt the subjugation and oppression by the Austro-Hungarian government. 






The greatest desire of all liberal-thinking Bohemians has been to shake the 
government of unjust Austrian tyrants once and for all, to raise their nation 
to the level of other nations in Europe, and to lead the nation, as a peer 
among its peers, to a beautiful life of freedom, happiness, and culture. 



Ill K - 2 - B0K3^IAN 

II D 10 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 29, 1914. 

They have only been waiting for the proper momenta 

Today, when the whole civilized world stands partly in actual war, partly 
in ideological opposition, against the German imperialism and the domineer- 
ing spirit of Austria, the time has come for us to join the civilized world 
and to defend our liberty as well as the liberty of all oppressed nations. 

Our people in Bohemia are being watched too well and threatened too much 
by the Austrian bayonets and Prussian guns to stand up and demand their 
rights. 

It is therefore up to us, Bohemians living outside of the country, to take 
advantage of this opportunity and v.ork for the liberation of our brothers 
and sisters in the Bohemian lands. 

:ie here in Paris put our hands to it durins; the first few days after the war 



> 



■w -^ 



• w 



Ill H - 3 - BCEEMIAM 

II D 10 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , Oct* 29, 1914* 

had broken out* All local countrymen of ours refused to 3?eturn and join 
the Austrian array, and those who were able-bodied iiranediately enlisted in 
the jTrench Army, eager to fight our common enemy, the Germans. By doing 
this we have proved that we are real friends of the French nation, and our 
political committee succeeded, through an appeal to the President of the 
French Republic, to the minister of war, to the Governor of the City of 
Paris, and to the Russian Ambassador to France, in having the Bohemians 
officially recognized as a nation of friends of France and Russia (sic) 
^he wording is not very clear, but it does not say "alliedJjT^. The 
political committee is continuing now in its activities to acquire new 
and influential political friends, and, with the publication of a new 
French-Bohemian paper, Na Zdar (To Success) , we are winning the hearts of 
the French public 

The political cocmiittee has accomplished all of this practically without 
any financial meeois except the little which its members could contribute 






Ill H - 4 - BQHavaAIT 

II D 10 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , Oct. 29, 1914. 

out of their own pockets. The continuation of this ork is possible only 
with the support of our American countrymen, because until now it has been ^ 
impossible to get in touch with influential factors at home, and therefore 
it seems quite impossible to rely on any support frcm that source. 

- 4 

Eno7;ing oiir American countrymen* s unselfish patriotism, their usual readi- 
ness to perform sacrifices, we ask you in behalf of all those who love their - 
country and desire to see an independent Bohemian State soon to support our 
action as much as you possibly can. Ve addressed you by cable at the time : 
of the formation of our volunteer division, but so far have not received 
any reply. Therefore, (and because the prevailing diplomatic conditions 
make it imperative to be ready for immediate action at any moment), we ask you 
to comply with our request by return mail. 

For the political comraittee, 
^^ere follows a list of seven names^^^ 



Ill H - 5 - BOHEMIAN 

II D 10 

I G Denni Hlasatel ^ Oct, 29, 1914. 

Paris, September 12, 1914. 

I am certain to e:qpress the opinion of all my colleagues of the Municipal 
Council of the City of Paris, an opinion which will be shared by all of 
France, if I call the publication of your new paper most welcome. 

A long trne ago near Cressy, one of your most august rulers, the brave 
John of Luxemburg, lost his life in the service of our country. The ties 
of sympathy thut existed then between Bohemia and France hive never been 
forgotten, and you are still our friends. As a result of occasional visits 
which we have exchanged "/ith the Municipal Council of the City of Prague, 
we are glad and proud to say that the French cause has become dear to your 
hearts. 

As far as we are concerned, you know that we love you very much, and we 
thank you for your efforts to oeccme mutually well acquainted. 



.-o 



Ill H - 6 - BOHSLTJAIJ 

II D 10 

I G Dennl Elasatel , Oct. 29, 1914. 

Please accept the expression of our deepest esteem. 

President of the Iriunicipal Council, A. Mithouard 

This proclamation was received by us from the Cesko-Americka Tiskova Kancelar 
(Bohemian- American Press Bureau) in this morning •s mail, together .vith a 
recommendation and explanation to the Bohemian public. According to the 
cancellation stamp, the letter was mailed yesterday at 3 P.M., and its Z 

senders should have knovm that \^ie could not get it in time for complete 
publication today. Therefore, we have published at least the proclamation, ^, 
but the article by the Fancelar has been vjithheld. -:. 



Ill H 



BOH^.!IAN 



Denni Illasatel , Oct. 24, 1914. 

POLITICAL K073S 

{ Editorial) 

It seanis that ws are vitally concerned about politics in the old country, '^ 

while in Bohemia itself, according to newspapers from Prague, there is a -rx 

complete political lull. It would be to our advantage if we paid more atten- p 

tion to our Bohemian- American politics, now that the elections are approach- .T. 

ing so rapidly, and left Bohemian politics alone, because we do not understand r5 
anything about them. 






III H BOIIliiMIAlNl 
I G 

IV Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 24, 19 14. 

TIIK Fate of VOJTECH BOPIDAN III PRAG^JE 

The last veil of mystery surrounding the fate of our countryman, Mr. Vojtech to 

Bohdan, of 1539 South Cravxford Avenue, was removed yesterday. Mr. Bohdan and ,-.. 

his wife left Chicafsro on June 11, and arriving in Prague, became victLms of p 

the Austrian persecution. There have been rumors that he was court-martialed '^ 

because of a remark made to some Bohemian soldiers to the effect that they g 

should not shoot the Serbians because they are their brothers 



The last hope that these rumors were false was dispersed by a telegram from 
the State Department in Washington which reached Chicago last night. The 
telegram confirms the ruraor that Mr. Bohdan was found guilty by court-martial, 
and it reads as follows: 

'•The United States Consul in Prague reports that Albert ^erman for Vojtech/ 
Bohdan, of Chicago, \»^s tried on August 3, for remarks which might incite 
revolt. He was found guilty and sentenced to one year of hard labor in 



CO 

cr» 



Ill H - 2 - 

I G 

lY Dennl Klasatel. Oct, 24, 1914. 



BO}!EI,IIAN 



■orison. The Detartment of State has cabled the United States Consul in Prafme SE 
to take up this matter again and keep the Department of State informed concern- ~^ 
ing his steps and their results*** p: 

-u 

Mr. Bohdan^s fate is interesting not only to the general Bohemian public, but S. 
also to our influential countrymen, and among them Congressman Adclph J. Sabath: co 
He will do all in his power to obtain a release for Llr. Bohdan, although the ::::J 

latter's i\merican citizenship is no Drotection in cases of this sort ^ 



Ill H BQIIEl.lIAI^ 

Hi 3 Z 

II D 10 Denni Illasatel , Oct, 17, 1914. 

I G 

I a V/IIAT '.IE EXPECT FROM Tliji rOLmCAL ACTION 

or THL cKoi::: i:riRODi.i sdi^zsni 

by the ^ 

Bohenian Arierican Press Bureau 5 



Chicaco, October 10, 1914. 



At the ver^'- becinninr; of the war v/hen Russia, France, and i]ncland threw their 'g 
?;ei^ht into the scales, nanv of our .^ericar countrvr.ien av/akened to the realiza- 
tion that j]uror)e v/as experiencing historical tines which should not find the 



c:> 

Bohemian nation sittiuf: idly -/rith her hands in her lap. That the Bohemian c?{ 
nation v/ould voluntarily lie do^vn to a political sleep at a moment when its 
future destinies v/ere beinr decided, is simply inconceivable. IIow is it to be 
explained that at a time when people speak about an independent Poland, about 
full rights of citizenship for the liussian Jev/s, about autonomy for Finland, 
when the Lithuanians are calling an overseas congress of small nations, v;hen 



-rz 



III H - 2 - EQ!IE^:iAi! 

Ill 3 2 

II D 10 Denni Hl-isatel , Oct. 17, 1914. 

I C 

I 'J maps of Demiarlc v/ith Schlfes;vir: as its territor:^'- are bein-'- ciraivn, 

nothing is bein«;: heard about the requirements and desires of the 
Bohemian nation, almost as thou.:"/ii it did not exist. 

The Bohemian nation lias thoui^ands of reasons to proclalia most loudly to the 
:vhol(j vvorld that besides the small nations v/hose indonendence and liberation ':3, 
are discussed in journalistic, literary, and perhapn even diplomatic circles, ^ 
there exists a nation of ei.^^ht million people that has at least as much rii::ht g 
to an independent state as any oilier nation in lilurope. In the critical period, ^i 
hov/ever, v;hen the time approaches for a rebirth of Europe, there is not a single 
little voice from Bohemia to call the attention of the v/orld to the nation of 
John IIuss, Jan .^mos Komensky (Comenius), and llarel Kavlicek. 

The Bohemian nation does sleep, but it is not a voluntary, spontaneous sleep; 
it is a narcosis, a sleep artificially brouf^tit about by subtle provisions of the 
Austrian Government which, it seems, has recognized its former mistakes, and if 



A •^ 



III II - 3 - BOinH-ILi., 



Ill B 2 

II D 10 Denni Illasatol, Oct. 17, 1914. 



T ^ 



I G it never has loiovvn hov/ to handle the 3ohei.iian nation, it nov/ sho'7S ^ 

an unusual de?7ree of cunning. The nev/s that has reached America con- .__ 

cerninn revolution and bloodshed in Pra.'^ue, the execution of entire Bohemian p 
re{^inents, arrests and executions of Bohenian rrieribers of parliaiaent is untrue. 



-t; 



Jill these v;ere unfounded rumors ori^^inating in i^ssia or in Italy; and direct ? 
nev;s from Bohe.^.ia is proving; then to be false. The iOistrian Grovernment has ''~ 
good reasons not to proceed ruthlessly arrainst the Bohemian nation, and the 3 
Bohemian nation is keeping quiet and peaceful in expectation of things that the ^ 
future v;ill bring it. Thousands of the sons of Bohemia are bleeding on the 
plains of Poland, in the Balkan mountains, even at the gates of Alsatian cities; 
the whole nation suffers urder conditions brought about by the v/ar and are pre- 
paring for the possibility of famine, misery, and perhaps plague. 

The government has ordered 'lie j , Slovanel" and "Kde Domov lluj?" ('^ey, Ye Slavs'' 
and "VHiere is My Home") ^oth are Bohemian national anthems^ played for 
Bohemians. Someone v;as beaten up in Vienna for using vile language against the 



Ill 


3 2 


II D 


10 


I c 




I a 




fashion" 



III H - 4 - B0:IL:I.:IAI: 

Denni Hlasatel , Oct. 17, 1914. 

Bohemians, and iuotead of the expected severe measures the chief 
district officials have received orders to proceed "in fatherly ^ 
The newspapers are brincing conciliator:/ articles and enthusiastic 2 
reports from f^overDriont offices while the people, or at least the greatest ~ 
laaiority of them, are beinp; ;riade to strike as ^vur.trian a chord as even Bach ^. 
/ruthless centralist .^ustrian prime minister/" could have ever dreamed of. The "x? 
Austrian G-ovemment, v/hich never icnev/ ho;v to deal v/itli the Bohemians according o 
to their merits, has found, in the most critical of moments for .^ustria, the !u> 
proper v/ay. Had it acted as in 1348, or even as it has treated the desires of tij 
the Bohemian nation durinrc the last fifteen years, it v/ould have had behind its 
back a nation stirred up to complete opposition. Thus, under the influence of 
the ilmperor^s proclai;iation ''to my loyal nations** and the extremely careful manner 
the {:;overn.ment has adopted in these critical tii.:es, the Bohemian nation, v/ith all 
the demands it had been fic^htin,^ for, has become conciliatory and patient in the 
expectation of v/hat it v;ill receive as a reward of its proverbial fealty and 
loyalty; and it v/ould not be at all surprisinr^ if the v/orld press should proclaim 



CJ1 



Ill II - 5 - 3an]:::i;j: 

III 3 ^ 

II D 10 Dcnni Illasatel , Oct. 17, 1914. 

I C 

I Cr one of these days that the BoliCMian natio.i is definitely discrcditirg, 

throur^h the mouths of its politicjl leaders, any riuriors circulated by 
overseas Bohonians that the Boheiiian natioiTi denicuids freedom a^'d inde-nendence; 
tliat, on the contrary, it is extrenely contented under the Austrian GtovemTient; ^ 
that it never ^vill desire better rulers than the Hapsburcs. The narcotic v;orks C 
v/onders: it produces a deep slunber; the pains are felt no nore. But the av/aken-^ 
ing froM any narcosis is' al:/ays bad. 2 



3> 



The follov.'in.;' is not rieant to be a prophecy. I^obody, hov;ever, can den^;- certain 
possibilities in our speculations. Let us suppose th:.t .lustria and Crernany v;ill 
be defeated and that the .J.liec v;ho v/ill dictate th.e conditions of peace v;ill 
decide that Austria, having;': caused the v/ar, v;ji.i ot leprived of all such lands 
as do not voluntarily rruake its parts, and thus take av;ay fron Gerriany the only 
sujjport it has had so far. Tlie independence of Poland v;ill be discussed. France 
and ICngland will hardly perr.^it their ally to break his v/ord, and any\-JCij it seens 
that the Czar hir;iself is coninr to the conclusion that it is much better to deal 



'.O 

-—J 



.li X. - u - 



BCI- 



III 3 2 

II D 10 Denr.i Klasatel> Oct. 17, 1914-. 



I 



^ 



I G v;ith contented nations than v;ith enslaved ones. ^J.sace-Lorraine v:ill 

be niven the Tuil choice or joininr- France or the Dv;iss Federation, 
Tlie Russian part of (lalicia v;ill return to its nother countr:/ together v/ith '^ 

Bucovina; I^aania and Italy v;ill ':et for their r.eutrality, or possibly for their ^ 
help, such parts of Austria-Hun^';:;ary as are inliabited by their nationals. ^^ 

Serbia v;ill (^et Bosnia and Ilerzer-ovino 'vith an outlet to the sea. But nobody g 

v/ill think of the lands inhaoited by the ei^-ht nillion Bohenians. )Jhy should ^- 

anybody think of the Bohemian nation if it fails to do soraethin^, for its ov/n in- '^ 
dependence? Tlie faithful, loyal Bohemian nation, so enthusiastically devoted to ^ 
the Austrian Emperor; the nation \;hich proclaimed throur^h the miOuths of its most 
prominent men that it is proud to shed its blood for the inter^rity of Austria 
and for the Hapsburc dynasty — this nation v;ill be incorporated as a province to 
v/hatever will be left of the iUistro-Kun>^arian Monarchy. And there it v;ill be 
free to resume its ancient fic:;ht for every bit of reco-^nition, every inch of 
justice, each school, each office, each Bohemian v/ord in official publications. 
i\nd then the firJit v/ill be much more difficult because the Bohemian nation v/ill 



Ill H - 7 - BOrSLIlAi; 

III B 2 

II D 10 Demii Hlasatel > Oct. 17, 1914, 

I C 

I G be isolated; it v;ill laclc the support of the other .^ustrian Slavs 

Y/hose majority then will be in the newly established coui.tries and 
busy v;ith their o;;n affairs. 






There are fev; people today v;ho do not believe that the v;hole rnap of iiurope v;ill -^ 
have to be revised, and it is therefore imperative to tal:e these possibilities tj 
into consideration, ^ustria, defeated, maiined, and deprived of its importance, 2 
would have left one of only tv;o roads. Zither profit by the teachings of o> 
history that only contented people laalce a stronc state, repent, and give to i:^ 
its non-Geriaan nations which v:ill be left to it after the war all their long- ^ 
denied riglits, introduce justice, remove national friction, and by following 
sensible internal and international political principles try to heal the wounds 
it has received. This is v/hat Austria could, and should do. But loiov/ing the 
Austrian Grermans as v/e do, knowing Vienna politics, and loiowing the Hapsburg 
perfidy, v/e are afraid that ^ustria will select the other road, the road of 
revenge on those v/hom they believe caused its defeat and the disgrace of Austria's 



All this is clear to our countryiaen in /inerica, and hence does not need further 
elaboration. Luch less clear, however, and juuch nore diificult to ansv/er is 
the question of v/hat should be done, and how it should be started. Entire 
Bohemian-;-inerica v;ith its nationals of ail si.iall countries of Europe residing 
in tlie United Jtates feel that it is inpossible for then to remain phle^^rnatic 
and idle in these most serious tmes. They also feel that it is their duty to 
put forth their best efforts toward the inprove:iient of their nations* conditions 



Jo 



III H - 8 - boiiel:i^ 

III B 2 

II D 10 Denni Illasatel , Oct. 17, 1914. 

I G 

I Gr pride by their indifference and lack of proper support. And then, v;oe 

to the Bohemian people; untold woe for every Bohenian soldier \dio threw 
av/ay his gun in preference to shoot in/^ his brotners; v;oe to every deserter v/ho -^ 
perhaps joined the Serbs or^Russians; woe to every sicn of disloyalty during the '^ 
vrar. The present comparative and surprisin>^ induLrence can chan^^e overnight 5 
into the old "lash them with rods of iron," and it is by no means impossible ^ 
that the post-./liite Llountain times will return. In that case it would be use- 'S 
less to complain of injustice and tyranny to the world. 






Ill H 




lil B 




II D : 


LO 


I G 




I G 





- 9 - BQrlSI^iIAi: 

Denai lilasat el, Oct. 17, 1914.  

of existe:ice. All th^it is necessary i:: to loo': around v/itliout bias ^ 
and see the v;orlc nuj bein^: done by the Slovaks, Poles, Ruthenians, 

Serbs and CroatiaiiS, it will be noticed tliat they er.iulate the efforts of the ^ 
Danes, Belgiar-s, Sv/iss, or Italians. Tlti:., oi* coarse, is nuite natural. Indeed, C 

no nation v/ould deserve any future \;hatever '.vhich v;ould not realize that it is ij' 

deeply involved in the present stra{"gle; that its ver^,'' existence is at stake. £ 



All Boliemians in Auerica realize this also, and none of our newspapers, no 
natter hov; they nay differ in tenperamor^t and viev/s, plainly ac]^aiov;l6drr,e that 
"sonethin.^^** should and nust be done. In reviev/in,^ our Bohenian-xlrnerican Dress, 
almost in the tenth vreek of the war, v/e cannot escape the impression that its 
voice in spite of very different stai^dpoints of various individual nexvspapers, 
is experiencin-;^ certain changes, a cert^iin transition in opinions which 
eventually will crystallize. Let us hope, then, that in the near future they 
will cr:,'stallize enough to pernit speaking of at least one standpoint they all 
would have in conrion — that all of then would agree that we can get no positive 



CO 

CD 



Ill H - 10 - Boiisi :l u : 

III B 2 

II D 10 Denni Illasatel , Oct* 17, 1914. 

I C 

I G results '.:ith our present disordered lines, and that a lar^e measure 

of sac^city, self-denial, and nutual confidence is necessary for the 
success of anv unified effort. 









cr 



Voices are already bein/* heard, pointing- to the fact that anythinf' v/e may be 
underta!:in^ is, and i.TJst be, far from playin('^ in Boheiaian-Zxraerican public life "^ 
custor.iar:/' petty club and party politics* These voices are an evidence that 
even Bohemians in /incrica, livinr; in conditions to v/hich they are not fully 
accustomed, vrill r^raaually become well capable of a unified, deeply political 
effort, such as is now indispensable to Bohemians in the old country. Even if 
there should not be full a^jreement in every detail, the general consensus of 
opinions, particularly the more serious ones, is that our country needs very 
real help, and that to render such help is the sacred duty of all of us, vvithout 
any exceptions. Gradually v/e are coming: closer to a definite ansv/er to the 
question of what can Bohemian-Ziiaerica do for the old country in these times* In 
spite of some skepticism, the ansv;er is: A c^eat deal* 



Ill H - 11 - BQiii:i.:iAir 

III B 2 

II D 10 Denni Flasatel. Oct, 17, 1914, 



n 



I 

I G Hlioever has had an opportunity to follow the activitiec of some of -^ 

the institu-DiOi.3 in the old country will unvierstand hov; rauch it means 5 
to secure the syr.ipathy of other nations • Let us <:ive an exarr.nle. Some ten ^ 
years a:i;o, the averr.f^e nu:iber of forcirn visitors to Prague did not exceed 'C 
seventy thousand per year» As soon, hov;ever, as the beauties of our country :v 
were presented to the attention of the world — by periodicals, ne^vspaper articles, '^ 
invitations to prominent foreicners, participation in exhibitions, etc, — the 
annual influx of visitors grev; by some ten thousand a year, and today Prague 52 
belonr;s to the i-iost popular cities of ^ivistria-liunr^ar^;'. And at tliat, the princi- 
pal purpose in the effort was not simply to increase the nuifiber of visitors, 
Everybody who has become acquainted with Prague has also become its friei-^d and 
a friend of our old country. .-Jid to make such friends v^as the principal purpose. 

In .-A^merica itself tliere are a nu:nbcr of prominent men (Professor Monroe) v;ho 
have remained our friends and v/hose friendship is treasured by every .^^od 
Bohemian. Just at the present time it is a question of makinr not only the 



J 



cx» 



Ill H - 12 - boe2i.:lj: 



11 B 2 



II D 10 Denni Hlasatel . Oct. 17, 29K-. 

I G 

I (i Anerican, but "o'.e viorld Trabllc acnu'tintec. --ath our aesires, to rain -^ 

its s:/^npithie3, to sliovi it the place our nut ion has — or coujji have, ^ 

if {liven rroedOii and invIenendoLce — ar.io:i;:' the cultural nations of the v/orlcU ^ 

The securing of frlendahir^ and syiiDathy abroad ih* an iianortant elei.ient of the C 
v;orh v;e have becorie accustoMod to call th.e v/'Drk of liberation of the old country. "^ 

This is a natter of efficient disse.-iination of infonoation so that it v;ili roach "j^ 
those v/ho will play a airect or indirect part in the arran.-^e .ents of future *2 

Lurope. 3hould Boheiiiian-.'^aorica be incapable of this task? This is a tasl: of 
the first inportance. It deteri'iines th.e victory or the failure of every thine 
else v/e nay undertake, './ho v/ould not 'mov; \\o\: anxious and thorough are the 
efforts of the Iiun^^arians to make their desires teovm and thereby s^^iTipathetic to 
the v/hole v/orld, ^-uid yet, hov/ far are nost of their political desires fron ric;iit 
ai.d true justice v/hich are the air.s of the Boheriian nation. 

If the .Jierican Bohenians accomplish nothing else but succeed in ^-.ivinf^ our 



CJ^ 



Ill 


3 2 


11 D 


10 


I G 




I G 





II i: - 13 - 3QII£LLJ' 

Deiini lUusatel , Oct. 17, 1914. 

Ar.erican Bohci.iian? a true picture of tie ducires of the Bohenian ^ 

nation and c^-in their active s^Tioathies — a r,oal vjhicli can be reached _ 

by purposeful information service such as the Geslco-Zii'iericka Tiakova liincelar p 

has been conduct inf^ for years, and nov; villi continue in its present capacity of ^ 

the press coir^nittee of the Ceske l^arodni odruzeni (Bohenian National -alliance) ^ 

— a very nreat deal v/ill be done to assure the ii.dependent development of *— 
Bohemian lands. 



And nov;, v/hen the ears of the world are open to the voices of the smaller nations 
as tliey never have been before, it should not be impossible for us to be heard 
v/here v/e have not been heard so far. Such propa{;^anda , such information v/ill not 
be a v/asted effort even if it does not lead directly to the desired results. On 
the coiitrar:''j it v/ill make up, at least to some extent, for v;hat v/e have neglected 
in the past, and in what other nations are so far aliead of us. 

Let us hope that none of us v/ill continue to believe in the virtue of beinp; a 



CjO 



Ill H - 14 - boil::^:. 



' 7 



III B 2 

II D 10 Denin Iilnsatel , Oct. 17, 1914. 

I G 

I G modest violet, a retirin/^ \;allflov/erI So nov/ v/e face the problen of 

decidin£^ on the best ways of nahinc the v/orld acquainted v;ith the 
situation, conditionn, desires, rif:hts, and requirements of the Bohenian nation. 
Unfortunately, iiany obstacles v/ill have to be removed in order to reach a 
de^'^ree of unified ODinion in this resnect. 

Undoubtedly there is some truth in what some of us maintain that over:/ one of 
us, every one of our communities can do somethin.^ in this respect. There is 
more truth, hov/ever, in the contention that our action v;ill be successful only 
if conducted v;ith sinrle purpose and froLi one center, according to a unified, 
preconceived and \7ell considered plan. It is quite natural that two or three 
simultaneous actions in one and the same laatter car.not favorably impress the 
public; that they are uneconomical, and even for that reason only, auite vjronrr. 
2ven those v;ho are now of a different opinion v;ill, after some experience, come 
to this concl^.Tsion. But v;ill that not be too late, and v/ill our cause suffer 
in the meantime? 






4j 



Ill H - 15 - Ba?ii:i.:IAI 

III 



^ 2 






II L 10 Denni Hlastel , Oct. 17, 1914. 

I C 

I G- The Geske Ilarodni Jdraseni, forraed Tor the purpose of undertakin.c^ § 

V7h:itever v;ill be necessar./ in tnese tines, and conpOGed as it is 
of representatives of the Gesko-iir.iericka Karodni i^da ( Bohemian-Arierican 
national Council), the Gesko-/inericka Tiskova IGancelar, and the Gesko-Slovanslcy 
Pomocny Vybor (Bohenian-Jlavonic ^vuxiliary Gornmittee) stands before ^reat tasks 
and approaches them in full av/areness of its responsibility. It is nov; up to 
our public to nive the Sdruzeni its irioral and financial support and thus enable 
the odruzeni to brine its v/ork to a successful conclusion. ^ 






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affect ti:e con^itioriG in tho ol;- cjvjntr^" in a ';:;tri:..-ntal v;av, ./e have 
decided to -^ublir^h -it le^f't -he 'l:7t of \j'\:xt v:9 h ve boon tol-, ]:no".w3 no; 
th-it - r. .to :ir:a •.■ill not "ind, becauoo ho hi:':olf shares tho oano a:n :\3 
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:ib-:v.t I- th.t i:ho boft ocoiblo conoit:^:n:7 yrovail in b-:.o old 
countr'' and thot'v;e hel - the old countr-'- no !;u:;h ao e can. ^heroforo, • 
boliove oh t ntooot :ero;^icacit7 on." doliborution louot bo tho ;rincioal 
fo:tares' of anv action oe ria' v;ioh to undortahe. 



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Dtm^i^JDjiSut el , Oct. 4, 1C14 



by the 
'5esr:o-. jnericl'a Tislrovu Kancolu? 

(Boherriiun-.vr.eriC'Un i-ress Bure:iu) 

The v/urliko events in "JXirc-pe seen to be reiichinr the end of the first chapter 
of the creat drair.a thcit is shakinr the very fcundations of the old Continent, 
The closer v;e £:et to the solutions of the com]licated questions benind this 
stru^.^^le, the aore ir.r.inent becoi'ies the necessity of avprouchia^: v/ith due 
seriousnes3 the problori of the future of the Eoheiiian Crovai Lands in the 
.^ustro-IIun:*urian I.ionarchy. Under the influence of such considerativons, the 
Ceske Karodnl Sdruzeni 7 ^^nerice (Eohei.'^ian National Alliance in ^Tierica), 
conprisinc the 2es:-co-.vMericka ITarodni Hado (Bolieriian-.^nerican national Council), 
the Sesko-;j:ieric':a Tiskova Kancelaf (?.o:ieraan-;j'ierican Press Bureau), .:and the 
Cesko-31ovansky Por-ocny Vybor (Bohenian-Slavonic Auxiliary Committee), v/itn 
all its allied organizations, held its last neetinr: under the chairr.anship 
of Dr« Fisher in the prenises of the Vojta Naprstek School. last night. 






II D 10 

III B 2 Denni Hl asatel , Oct. 4, 1914. 
10 

TI On behalf of the Cesko-.u'.^ericrra Tislcov:^ Kancelaf, its secret:::ry 

reported on the work done by thic body. lie pointed out the memo- 
randujti v/hich the Kancel'lf prepared for the rneinbers of the Beli3ian deleration. 
This r.eriorandura v;as prer^ared and printed v;ith. particular care and presented to 
the 3elr:ian ruests by a deputation vhich had a lonr, conversation vjith the 
Belgians and [gained frori the:.i a i.iost favorable ii-pressicn about their opinion 

of the prospects of tlie Boher.ian nation after the war. He also discussed in 
detail the long laerriOrandura that is beinc prepared at, this time and v;hich, 
accordinr to recently fcnnulated nlans, v/ill be Dresented to all influential 
bodies and individuals v;ithin the reacn of the Kancelaf. The r.ienoranduin will 
be translated into several lancuue'res. The preparation of documentary naterial 
illustrative of tno attitude of the Ai.iorican press tov/ard various Slavic and 
Bohemian questions is nov; nearin^; its completion. Simultaneously the editorial 
worlc on the text of several respective proclai-.iations is beinc done. The 
Plancelaf has also drafted an article ccncernin,:: the principal facts behind 
the Bohemian problem as a part of an action v;hic:i will be continued. The 



Ill H - 3 - .-CILlULJ: 

II D 10 

III B 2 D enni Elanate l, Cct. 4, 1914. 

I a 

IV reporter called attention to Professor Jaroslav Zrirhal^s lecture 

on the Boher.iian question ;^ttiich vail be held in the Chicago Press 

Club on October 14, and will no doubt receive the deserved attention of the 
representatives of tne >iir.erican press. 

oecretar^,^ Llelichar of the Cesl<e ICarodni Sdruzeni outlined a pro£:ram of or- 
ganization according to which tne various auxiliar^^^ bodies v;ould be consoli- 
dated into one body, v;ith the provision thut each individual body v/ould have 
complete liberty in arran£^inf: for their solicitation of funds. President 
Dr. Fisher regretted that so far it has been ir.possible to forn a united front 
of all Bohemian-^nerica in its actions, and said that "it is a natter of 
principal interest and presti.p:e of all our or{^,anizations to becorie united in 
the present political action'*. 

The chairman of the Cesko-Zj^iOricky Foriocny Vybor, I.lr. James F. Stepina, said, 
in reporting': on that body's work, that he had received a communication from 



1 III H - 4 - boh:j.:lj:i 

II D 10 

III B 2 Deruii Hl- :.s:itel, Oct. 4, 1914. 

- I G 

IV the Cesko-iiTiiericlcy Vybor (Boheniian-rxTiericun Corjiiittee) of Ilev; York, 

shov/ing that that body, too, sees that an absolutely unified action 
is a matter of necessity. This announcoment was received v/ith great interest 
and satisfaction by all those present. He also reported that the Vybor had 
decided to give help to the Bohemians in Paris. 

Llr. 3. St. Vraz outlined the prcgran of his cominc lecture tour through 
Bohe.T.ian corjnunities in Anerica. His lectures will include information con- 
cerning the present state of affairs in the old coimtry. Mr. Vraz v/ill also 
arranp;e a festival for the benefit of the tv;o funds that are nov; being 
created. 

Finally, the meeting adopted I.:r. R. J. Psenka*s suggestion to prepare artistic 
Obetiny ^blations: plural of Obetina — an article of almost any description 
sold .for the benefit of some special purpose and usu:illy made specially for 
that purpose^ in co-operation v;ith the Umelecky Klub (.iXtistic Club). 



.,;' 



I II H BOH"l!]i..IAr\ 

I 

Deiini Hlasatel , Oct. 1-21, 1914. 

VOICES FROK THE OLD GC-UNTRY 

/peiilY there are published froi.i three to four colurrins of letters received ^ 

by BoheiiiianG residing in Chicago and el3ev;here in the i.iddle ..est from ^_ 

friends in the old country describinr:: general conditions caused by the v;ar p 
and personal or fanily natters in connection v:ith the v;ar// 



V 



o 

CO 

J 



Ill H 

II D 10 

I a Dennl III h p. at el , Sept. 29, 1914. 

From the Cesko-Ar.erice Tiskova Kancelar 
/Bohemian-Ar.erican Press Bureau/ 



BO"^^-^''IAr' 









The Austro-Hunf^arian I'onarchy is undoubtedly facing critical times. Because 
of all that the T.'onarchy has perpetrated arrainst the Bohemian nation, it seens 
that v/e should remain indifferent to its plight, but the destiny of Bohemia 
is closely tied up with that of the Austro-IIun^-arian Monarchy by historical, 
legal, and political bonds. It is necessary to bear this circumstance firmly 
in mind, for it is as timely as the warning given to the Austrian statesmen 
by Dr, Reiger at the legislative assembly held at Komeriz in 1845: ''The 
gallows, gentlemen, is not the rir'ht kind of a prop for a disintegrating 6^ 
monarchy.** /Dr. Reiger was the recognized leader of Bohemian politics from 
1860 to 1890; he was head of the Staroceska Strana (Old Bohemian party), v;hich 
was loyal to the Austrian constitution and for some forty years the dominant 
Bohemian political party •/ 






I 



Ill H - 2 - 3C'::^im 

II D 10 

I Cr Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 29, 1914. 

If Austria, in thase history-nakin.c' tir^os, is relyinr upon its frreatcr physical 
strength, and that seems to be the case according to the news reachinfr us here, 
it would be only a confirmation of the fact that it has neither learned nor 
forp:otten anything from Its history. V/ith the Bohemian nation it is different. 
History/ has tauf?ht Bohemia, and it has b^en a most painful lesson: that it can- 
not be certain of free development of all its intellectual, cultural, and -o 
econom.ic elements as long as it is not the master of its own destiny in its 
own lands. 



The history of the most recent years shows how the Austrian governments, and 
the Smperor himself, have in many instances misused the trust of the Bohemian 
nation, a nation whose proven loyalty to the dynasty and to its **wider home- 
land** is called forth whenever the existence of the Ifenarchy is in danger. It 
also shows how they are in the habit of readily forgetting their promises and 
obligations as soon as the danger is averted by the pood graces of the loyal 
and unselfish Bohemian nation, and the government is secure again. 









Ill H - 3 - BOMir^IAT-^ 

II D 10 

I a - Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 29, 1914. 

The Old Bohemian party, v/hich built up its political prograti on the principles 
of Frantisek Palackv /first modern historian and political leader of the Bohe- 
mian nation/, was tryinf* to secure, by passive opposition and through personal 
contacts, the independence of Bohemian lands as early as 1860 o V/hen, in the 
90's, the Klledocoska Strana (Young Bohemian party), v;hich was originally a 
democratic peoples' party, took over the political leadership, it stated in 
its platform that ^the foremost requirements of the nation are autonomy and 
equal rights, political rights included." In 1900 the political party of 
Realists wag founded. It adopted as its first aim, '^independence based on the 
Bohemian nation's natural rif^hts vihich substantiate the historical rights, and 
the acauisition of full freedom and protection of thoughts and speech, reli- 
gion, arts and press, assembly and congregation**. 

Under the influence of the principles of the Realist party. Socialistic ideas 
and to some extent, spontaneously, the radical Progressive party and the radical 
Home Rule party came into being in 1897. Their political programs contained 
the postulate to "change the centralistic Austria into a federation of nations, 






CO 






III II - 4 - BOHTlT^L^r 

II D IC 

I Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. ?^9, 1914. 

and create in the Bohemian lands a Bohemian state as a member of the federa- 
tion'*. Special-interest parties, such as the Social Democratic, National 

Socialist, and A/rrarian, also dealt with this Question very thoroughly. The -i^ 

Social Democrats agre-.d in their 1901 convention to '*fi{^ht the 'bureau- ^ 

cratic-centralistic povemment* end remodel Austria into a democratic federa- -o 

tion**. The ITational Socialist party rrev; up exclanively on its Drof^ram of o 

home rule which attracted to it many partisans, especially among artisans '^^ 

and small businessmen. The exclusively self-interer^.t i\grarian rarty has also S 

in its prograi:! the independence of Bohemian lands framed in general along the ^^ 
lines of the parties adopting the political program of Palacky. 

All this shows that our old country's independence has been a longed-for 
•postulate of all Bohemian political parties for many decodes, and the history 
of our old country's political struggle has proved that the Bohemian nation has 
always been rer3dy to bring any sacrifice, no matter hov; great, in order to 
realize this political dream. It can therefore be seepx that the Austrian 



Ill H - 5 - BOHr:!IA>' 

II D 10 

I a Denul HI as at el , Sept. 29, 1914. 

governrient not oiily does not know, but also — at least in principle — does not 
recognize as justified this postulate of all Bohemian political parties. This 
it adiriits whenever Damocles' sword hangs over Austria. To prove this, it is 
not necessary to go as far back as 1348; it is enough to recall the events of 
1360. 

In that year, the enlarged imperial diet in Vienna recognized the historical 
rights of the several lands, as well as equal ri^ts and autonomy of the 
several rational elements. Thus foundation was being given for Austria's 
federalization. But qg soon as Austria* s conditions were sonev;hat improving, 
our old country again suf ered under the visitation of centralism and Prermaniza 
tion as is apparent in the so-called ''Februarv Constitution'* adooted in 1361, 
and which was centralistic throughout. Vfnen, in 1867, the Bohemian parliament 
protested against the abrogation of its privileges by the Vienna government, 
it v;as simply dissolved. 

The present ^Jiperor has issued manifestoes to the Bohemian nation in which he 



-TO 

o 

f ^ 



-^ 



III H - 6 - BCKSliIAi: 

II D 10 

I G Deiini Hlasatel , Sept. 29, 1914. 

recocnized the rights of the Bohendan croivn lands and expressed his v/illing- 
ness to cive these rights a solerin confinnation by coronation, but this, so 
far, he has not done. •••The various successive Austrian Governnents have been ::^ 
well av/are of the fact that the only foundation of the Austrian Monarchy* s p 
existence is the Bohemian crown lands. But they not only have done nothing ^ 
to fortify this foundation of the Llonarchy, but even v/orked systematically g 
toward the enslavenent of the population of these lands, follovdnG the idea ^~ 
that Austria must remain as strongly Gerraan and centralistic as possible be- ;^ 
cause, while nov/ only an inferior ally of German^'', it v;ould never forget what D^ 
it v/as to Germany prior to the battle of Hi^dec Kralove* To the idea of the 
former German Holy Roman Empire, it has finally sacrificed both its av/n 
existence and the happiness of its peoples, because it v.'as being ruled by govern- 
ments v/hich — with very fev; exceptions or short duration— have never grasped 
Austria's natural mission and, having always been in direct emotional and 
intellectual conflict v/ith a large (two-thirds) majority of the population, 
they have been pampering the non-Slavic political parties, the minority, to 






III H - 7 - BCH5:?.:iA!: 

II D 10 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 29, 1914. 

the detrinient of the other parties and nations of the Monarchy. 

These German bureaucratic covernments of Austria bear also the full res- 
ponsibility for zhe present v;ar in Europe, for they have been follov/ing im- 
perialistic ideas for decades, thus spreading disquiet and nervousness into 
the European concert of pov/ers. Tlie Bohenian nation, v;hose love of peace 
is proved by history takes part— although a passive one~in today's European 
drama only because of an irresistible force of circumstances. It is for this 
reason that its alir.ost one-nillion-stronc American branch has talcen upon it- 
self to be the spokesman of the v;hole nation. This it does principally in 
the interest of a penrianent European peace, because it is a certainty that l^ 
peace v;ill prevail as soon as each nation in Central Europe vdll be assured 
of its freedom — its unhampered proftress based on the principle of justice and 
eq\ial rights for all. Tlie overlordship of the pugnacious German minority over 
the peace-lovinc Slavic majority v/ill cease and peace, the attribute of all 
Slavic races, and especially of the Boliemians, v;ill prevail. 

Note: If v/e do not want to live in anxiety over the future of our old 



-T3 
CD 



CO 



Ill H - 8 - I!£!i3II/^ 

II D 10 

I a Dennl Hlasatel, Sept. ?39, 1914, 

country, let us not forget to make frenuent contributions to our political 
fund. This fund will be used to finance important steps leading to our dear 
old country's independence* Send your contributions — the sooner the better — 
marked'* for the political fund" to the treasurer of the Ceske Narodni Sdruzeni 
in America, Kr. F. J. Stepina, 1825 Blue Island Avenue, Chicago, Illinois, 



■J 






CJT' 



Ill H 3o^ij1i.:i,o: 

I a 

Denni Hlasatel , Sept. Lv^, 1^14« 



/six CJlui.iiis of nev.s iTo.:: v:,rious cities, siicii :-s xiljen, Prague, Brno, 3tc», 
■brin^in;;; personal, locul, ^n:. :eixerul iiid\:s oi* i.^ai^ters Goru.octca v;itii or ea- 
suin£; rron: tne '.'ur./ 



Ill B r 



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0, 1914. 



71 J I 






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in a ..hlt3 l-ou -0 .uui'jncoj, - c^iiido .t ..ilsoii received •; del'Sr.-Mon of 3ol'"*ia:i 

citi.;:enG, coi.sistin^ of tv;o :'ie::;bero Ox tl^e V/yL l:.!:! •overrij.ient and tv/o pro:::i- 
nent " rivfite citisons of that r:-..-ill hut vdiaiit n-ttion. 



1^ 



The dele'^'-ition "oreoeiibed to tlo -.ronidei^t Mi.d tlio ^'-orle of t/io United :itat<3o 
tlie ravaf^ad cou.iti\,^*3 and v;nr-t,'->r!i n^Ltion*:: corrd.aint :i;^^inst t*:0 unbolie7able 
acts of crvioltv and 3av.r*i3 bjrbari;-/. co-.ii.itt'jd on th-^ deL*'::j,:iJele3o holr-ian '^eo- 
pie b'r ^-L^ lorMari noldi-^r/« Trio d-^l^; • .ti^;n li^-^i^^Ied th? arl''-ian -'linistor of 
justice, Paron Carton le ■.ia:'t; ..i!:i^;ter of j'orei >i .ui'airs L. 7an .)2 /eld; 
I r. -. • L^'^imis, and . r. L. Do ..adeleor. 



"3 

•■V-* 



o 



?ro'*:ident hilson replied to tiiis cc j-.iG-iion*o c^aT^l'^Int to the of: act ta it it 
v/ovild bo preiaatiire and i::aropor for -j:o,.*ic:. to t- l:o th^ p ..rt of raia of tiio 
bollir orentj; uhile tlio v/j.r still rar'os, but t a.t :j11 thaae f^cts .vould be t-jken 
into coriGid^jrition in the final accountin::. 



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':o ether re.ly could be exv)ectod £ror\ such a serious-i-and-^cl ."Tooid3]:t 
of u neutr.l countrv u^ iT.sidant ..iliion is: but the ' riricir .;! •nui»r'0.':e of 
the dale ":tion v;us to chII t-lie at*:yritiori of tha joricin oublic to the depre- 
dations oj? t'le '^erriians v;}iO call thai'i/oelvoa the be^irors ind deieali^rs of tiie 
Juroi^ean culture, and thij purpose v/ac fully -cl^ieved, rhere is not a nev;.;- 
par)'r in .Jierica r/.,-.z did not q..vi\/ rui urticle ah m;l t.:e ai*riv-.'l of th'^ ooi:- 
ni33i'''n and its :'ece^")tion >v the ^:- ';ido:it, and :jiii^ of thr)?:i uriuted the full 
text of tiie CO: .■;uai^lt , contiinLn" specific dut ;. a::d Tucts on vhLcji t::e co-:- 
nlaint is based. 









s soon as it b.c ...:e 



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:o t'lat . r:sideat .ils<jn v:ould receive 















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..taats*_de itun ; , h.r, hor -.ce h» f^r nd, rete:idin • to bj representatives 'jf der^iuns 
hic-.i o anu the :..id';est';r:. st--.t.jj, ."^et ait Cor .'ufhn -tan v;ith the idea oC 






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tl.r.t •:]!-;:- coulcl vr:: :':;:.t tLeii* *'yrOvj;:t \y ' .iix^t vr*otec?t'' in ::riti:.en for?:!. The 
i^rosident oxpr-; ::.• "id ti.e o i:'ic-'i r/.-;t it is 1 .nru. ^r Tor .j':^ric-.n citizons to 

v:i.fc:j oXv.*. t^ kj ..i.L».- v,7j i J ,t Uii-O •>Jl^«-.>*. .^^j--4.i. .^_^^»vj .,i.'i v-.-JLU . J : -^ *. J. U '^.^J i • J i I.; •.• 1 ii~' '^ -ii"* 
i.^v^ v^J. i.. . 'v. i.o .:> 'J_ . .; '^.- ' JI .' J X V-. ;;? L Oi.-.--...* --ii . > UUi o ':; o I J .> '. ^. -'... ^ U< ;x..''^ -»j -^'^X-,.. .Ox'..'ii# 



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III B 2 

I a Deimi Klasatel , Sept. HO, 1914. 

I C 

Bohemian Chicago, and is pleased to announce today that its efforts 
have met with success. Only an unforeseen obstacle could prevent the meet- 
ing of these prominent Belgians with the representatives of American Bohemians 
of Chicago. This meeting vail ofier an excellent opportunity to strike up a 
mutual acquaintance and have a heart-to-neart talk about the types of experi- ^ 
encss with the admired German "kultur** waich the Bohemians had been ex- 7a 

periencing in so-called **peace times" and the Belgians are unfortunate enougn ^ 
to discover now, and which are leaving such indelible marks in their beautiful .— 
country. ^ 

CO 

The opportunity to welcome the representatives of the heroic Belgian nation, "— 
to give them our very best wislies, and to express our aeep-lelt sympathy will ^3 
no doubt be welcome to our local comTiunity. Iji 

According to the present plans woriced out by the secretary of the Cesko- 
Araericka Tiskova Kancelaf and Mr. 5trey.cmans, there will be a representative 
meeting arrang':jd in one of the largest halls in the city, such as the 



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.-.u^Iitorii::', to ..iilch tl.o n-itioirjl;- oi' -ill :::'::\11 -':v(y-:.'xi\ Q-y vXv\/\z ..ill 






the. 



c^^KLtri's ^rli'it ::..o •ri.:vanc ;5 .:i:-i.i- r to 



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r3l"i^t:iJ, In •a::ition to thir, ^: o 1j1 'i'- :3le;::ticn v;l.]l b- 'U-: t- of tho 
:53:j;:d :V:;::eda (1 ^h-:::irin 01"t:) sA tl.e 5o-]:o :;'-v.):l:.i .^---u:^-;::! (... .:.-■ i:.:: WXl^yyZ. 






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various ^:roT)e-in coiaitri'Ji^ l::iv-3 rciv; ^••'■-•':i^led '.i. a- -jt to nn -JAto/it '^-licii mkos 



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•''OG3ib2. to 



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oauGOc j.:icl eiTocts of thic ■•i*::nti? ctru =; In,^ i: 1 to •iet^.Trr.ir.^j v;ith a .lOasurc 
of ob'octivit" tho rejorit r'-;l'-.t Ic ii^:::!*^ of !:c:iL}:.:i::i:3 ii: .-ieror-..! 'ird t:.e cou:- 
tri::3 tl.oy prodcrilrL:^r.tl7 inli^ibit — 7^o:i^::.i ., .-or:-via, ajiG Jilosi*-. — to .jistri.;. 
Cur lolib^r:-,ti' 'ns b-.-vo to be enl-.r -jcl to i::clu'Io ..>lovM^:i'i ii; t::o nort' on; :: ^rt 
of .-unwary, ^■ce:ju:::3 ::e :3 :i::i -or, '•ii:" :..:;1: j' Jt: i ic .ti- •::, t.:e ^lov.-rc -uj a 
br-,:.ch o^ zho lluheiJ un- ilav:"^i\ic ".oorle. 






"73 



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Of .jictr:r^-I"^i:n,:L.r:," it::elf, becir-o the ^•Of:::ibi-lity jf it:: exi::tenco, both in 
a politicul v.'A eoc!:^:;ic ro:^2^^^-i ''ould be r.o.;t aotbtful fror; tho : .0";^?nt 



I .X 

D3niii ::iu^-i^^'l , Jo-t, 1-., 1914. 

v;hfjr. — no natter fo:* :;hut re'isons :ind unuer ::liut circiinrjtauceG — tlie I'oiirir-.i^ai- 
Jl'_vor:ic countries v;oi;ld Vecoi'.e jeT^jtr-.ted Tror! it. ..u3trio. itself ic vci^y 
v:ell av;are oi? t::i3 f-ict, and ti orofcre it is O'si.!:,' rndorstvood ^vhy tlie .'j.'::;t:^o~ 
H\m;-vrirjn -ov-errij'ert '.t-j.s so unxiouc to i::..ve r.ovG about tlio ut:'C.jt Icyalt-'' of 
^..o\\j::X^^i count T'ies av^dlab.le r.t this tine, even for the ] rice of distortion -- 

of truth _ind actual hopponin t'. ?5 

The .ai::tro-^ii:n'-::ri':r! :ovorn::3nt '^.oriiz t;:-it it v;culd hivo nc rirht to exist "J 

v;itliout these "po: rls of the rcul: ,'' ov^^n thou-:}- it uould lir:e tc have the -n 

;:ererul public outside of .a.striu-hun vary believe t: at t: ere is nc Bohei:iian 'r> 
ciuoaticn, as such, ccncorried. 

This, of cour.:o, is wran •• The history of t:'.o .astro-. luayariaii p irlioi^ientarisrii 
fro!.. its 1 epinairi • to this day ^ roves definitely ta:.t the so-c::illed hoherr.ian 
question is, in fact, t' o vitcol question of .^ustri?,-Ihia-. ry, ...nd that on this 
question the ]:ionarchy stinds, and with it, it f .13s. 



.1 






^1 

.1 



It v.'ill, hcv/evor, re'iain •:' hi^toricul '.ct that li :rdl:; --ny of tr-o :jMCCo:::n.vo 
jiotriar^ :ovorn::'^nts, ilth<ju:;h ulJ of thor; l'-?lt t:„e inport .nee of tl.io prcblr^-i, 
v:ero ever roL^d;: to au.il it, ^::d all of t:.-.-:. — tl-3 ^robabiliiy of imy o:-:cep- 
ticns ic doul tful--li-.vo been \^TV'<:\:^wr. thoir acti<)nj :r;ui:.r:t tre inte^re^ts of 
the alj-Oct eleven-::il].i.>ri-3rr n^ r..h';:::l:.n- ::i-v>nic ji-^tiori ovor: in c..;es ;;i-ore 
il could be : roved :^;.ut- their :.ctio::3 ::3re V: rlisu ;roo':ent ".:ith lav/s :;hich 
tho^ the'. :^eivo3 \ijM^. :a:;3od -zsic^ ap-prov-^d. .Jvor oirco the year IS-.o, v/hich 
:ia:*::s the bcyin: in ; of active Bche:iiori political live, until thio d-y, it h'\s 3 

V,/:>t:ivi .'if »' 1 ( ] Ci- 1 •?-. 4"' -i-^- t" ""r^ r. r*v^'^-"i'- '1'^^'"^  Ti ^ ' "^ "T"*""! ■•"' P- • "t" "" " '? • "• " '^'^. ■>■*{ P- ^ i •  \'' '"> V'^i'^i^i Q^ •  .'i i t , r- 

on the ri: cirl^i of ab30li:ti3::, jca^.til ' disrnd'.ed by tne ■'roteni-e of con;ctita- ZiJ 
tionaliGr., v.hile ti.o h' ■.•'•oiMi ^!ati.:n 1; .s ..Iv/oys ; roeainently follooed tv:o prin-3 
cii-al ai::s: ITati^nol o::icto;.ce ':s\ lib'-rt''*, .::. 






;"J.l hoher:;i?:n effortc h ,ve been diroctod tov: -rd tho uC'^iiicition of c oditions 

noces'ar^ for it^ imtra::r.:eled natic-n:..! develor)::ont \:aic;i . ai; to bo cr^.at:;d bv 

the eGtabli^- '•• •* . ■'":"^ -^ : ro- j'-t :bl:i r;hr orit , of an inrlej^endent BrhonJnn f'tate, 
consi :tin:: ^'1* B^hani'i, .'::• via, ..nh 'Jilonia, 






Ill H - 4 - BOHa;i.- j: 

I G 

Denni Klasatel , 6ept, 18, 1914. 

This inaependent state v/as to be joined with the rest of the Lloriarchy by cer- 
tain ties, represented by features it v/ould have in cormaon with the I^onarchy's 
other parts, and v/ould form with the;;i either a real union, a union in fact, or 
a union based on the corrjminity of a personal union with the ruler. 

^•t the same time, however, all thinking Bohemian statesiaen nave always tried 

to make sure that this liberty would also fina expression in all phases of 

home rule, assuring equal rights to all citizens of the state v;ho would have '^ 

the fullest measure of civic liberty, liberty of press, of word, and conscience, ^ 

as Y/ell as complete democracy in public institutions, schools, etc., guaranteed -t:^ 

by the constitution. P 

On the occasion of the accession to the throne or the present iilmperor Francis '/^ 
Joseph I, the Bohemians '^I ready put forth an effort toward the establishment ^^ 
of such principles in Austria, because they never forgot their glorious past, 
which is so nobly distiuciaisucja oy the nation's strug<.;le for aemocracy and 
national freedom — the principles personified in the exalted conception of 






Ill 
I '; 






::> 



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Deruii 7'l::;-at:-l, '■:3pt. i::::, 1G14 



V cnn iiuss. 



i V 



Upcn the accossion of tLe r .'^eiit e ;^' ror, it ..^s the c . ir-'j^ t historian, 

I''r-'ntir.e>: i-ilacky, -vho c^^tli^'.ed a •(■d.itlcj.l • ro-T:::: for hi:^. n^^tivn, m .. 

ho y""rcclui:-.e(l thut an in-'i-vi-liv J , .s -oil a-; m n-."^i-n, .';:houl<] strive for tlie 

'*lcftie"t qualiti-rij oC hu: 'iiii:;::-". In oraer to uchicvo thoi-, it ir; necoc^ry, ^ 

said -/^'^.l-'oV'', ti.at a ::atiun be free 'I'^d indei-efide;! , able to i:i":e free deci- :r> 
sioiis in ro.;: .rd to its futv.re, th.-.it i.-, th^t it ::iu:jt not be under forei;;n rule.-^ 
If .uistriu i3 to fi.lfill her i-.isrio:', ^he iinst introduce :in ubcolute equality r" 
of ri-"hts for '11 her nations, ole must i-ot he ce:jtr-'li -.i.ic; she r.;u.';t not try ^ 
to lor- cunizo h(;r Jl-ivic •:eo]>le3« ..>he r.u:t be feder li.^tic, th't.t is, a union 
of independent, free uecnloo. 'fhe::e rinci le:: -^.vj dict-ited by n-itioral, 



_ > 



lii.'stcrical, and -eo^-^rai-hic re ..sons. 



Palacky vranted to r?ee nt'^ae ri'-Pts or li :':e rule o'^t-riblisbe-"' in the '"^••heniMn 
Orov:n landf! and to be ^;ssired that t]:e jai^io liberties and-equal ri '^hts v/ould 
be r-ranted to t/ie Gentians in '.he Lol.;:::! n ot-^t-.:. Put if ..ustria shoul.. fulfill 



Ill H - 6 - E0H5i.:i;j^: 






Dennf Hl^satel , Sept. 13, 1914. 

her iTiission, Palaclcy said: '^V.e hiive existed before Austria, and we shall 
exist after it,^ because he -cnev/ that the Eoheinian nation could not rely on 
anybody else but itself. 

The numerically siaall Boheiuian nation, icnov/ing that it cannot aCxiieve any- 
thing by physical strength, has strived to maintain its position by ed-ucation 
and worrc and thus assure its o;vn future. Karel Havlicek, the greatest 
Bohe:nian publicist and a staunch defender of democracy and progress, com- 
pleted this program Llarch 2^3, 1849, when he said: "It is impossible to be in 
any other relation but in opposition to a govern'-ient which is not fulfilling 
its mission; but v.e have to hol'l fust to Austria, which is a support to our 
existence. For sooner or later, it is bound to fulfill the mission given to 
it by providence — thit is, to become a feder .tion of independent nations of 

Central jiurope* But v/hatever we do, let us base our actiu.^s on the principle 
of real deriCcracy, which has alwbiys been the moving spirit of our national 
union. ^ 



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Derni i:las-.:tol. 



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Cr course, -:MVliee!: — :^r> -oil mc r_;lac:::'--h. <d ir: r.in-1 an .Jistriu v^dchio .:•■ 
to its li.ti^r"', bt:cau3e other/ri^'e the h'jjio- :i^;n n-ition oula :i,vu to try to 
ass^:re itn o-^n exi:;t: j..co 



I* 









?h:;^:e ri'vo hT-n tne Iv-.d.!^. • i;lc-js on :^ori-rniMri " olitiCo dui*i:r- %he .lost 'jove-rty 
Yo r^'» D\it thev hivo nev:r b.on i^nc^ur 't';od 1:': the c;:i::."i;i"- j.'::ti-i:.;n "-overn- 
r-ents, In3te-:d c* i^ro^:r \nd ju:jt "^^-^-^ •nj-.ont inGtituti^rir, * ho . 3tri: iis have 
been cr?-.tin'' instit\ti •'''■y t:iat \:eve 'n direct ov- or;iti'>\ to tho G-'Urit and 



feeliii -G of th^ •^•hc:J•ri •: 'ion — not onl" r y cti'-n-.r;; *uid uboolutio" ic, hut 
O" erily or cov3rtl. ariti-T'oho ..ian» 






the nMH/ motion:: of Oontr-.i .uuro;f.e» Thic o::"t lain3 the coiiploto dicsutijih'-.c- 
tion of all tj:e n:;ti'.n3 ';-r 'irv^d by force in ^.'eje.t-r.y .. ::jtri-::i, v.ll gmvo 






-.1 V^^- 



bv fillin^' Ji i^.Toortvint o.^'icec of t}r \ ^;r:-.rc}-'' by ^hei 



n. 1 r* 



^ :. .tion:;!::, to 






:.ho otiior dl*:vic tv;o thiph-; o.; ^^o illation. 



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tivos o." covT't, lyr.'. urs'iollli'.-: \'':u ■::iue:-.')cr ^ic jbnoiutiji.: that stifleo all 












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f-iO-^e f-:cts :ive a rou 'h ez;; 1 ..:.'.!: i n vf the i*o/;^j :t 'i^.k] ; ■^rii: il ';icj, -r:-o:icnt 
bou'. e-j.. *.Le ;:3l,ri';n -O' ••■•f'V'?::l mi J /-itri-.'-: ovn: n-.t^^jns, ; .rtic*-l .rl^ its 

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r "euco '-did e<,u-;llv "i'*j\t love o:" lib;rt--, Tr^^a-j. oT .; u'.c ..tioi: 



. i. J . J. X K.-. 1 : 



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Der.:.i KlL.^ritol , Sept. 1*, 1914. 



Tric^aids! jor ar:oi:^ the Bol.e'iaMi.: iiaticn in the old CMiiitry iimg net be^3n . ^;t to 
such a soverc-i trixl ';3 it is i^^^i* Bein:=' dGi.rivefj o:' itc be::t go:;c, vho .iro 
bein^' sei:t ir.tc f.o i*ir.:'.t lines of t!:e front to fi-ht ar-^^iiist taoir Slavic .^ 

brct.iers in apito oi? tnoir o\:.. f;:;-jl::i;v3 ..nd bet:.cr jud^^rioDt; steadil;; ::t3pt '^ 

T>oor by the rar'acicao olitics <;f Vienna; svjter.atic -llv rctirdod ia its 

cultural and econor-^ic dovalapnant b;.' the .'Jistriar rovcraricat , the nohe:-.i:..n 

nation a:u-»0,;ls to vot , do u* friend-:, lo-'" help and for au- -ort. Is t'lOro any- -^ 

bjdy v:hc could rofuso i^ ti^^os 3ach is trese? I:: there an:'boc:; who -./ould g 

i,7aat to avoid his sacred dat'^ v/hich si'rin.a^ froii an uniiLD'iired love oi: the ^ 

* " ' CO 

old acres overr-:eaG fro::i '::\\k:^v^ not oaiy crie:; of de.spair nov; resound, but also ;'3 
voices of hoi-e tav.t foretell that the socririces the Boherdan a-iticn ":r6 nov; ^ 
liiuiinc v;ill live; erajtiona and i.iatorial roods ;;ill not be ia vain, but tney 
v;ill brin[; about the dav.T. of a better fi^t-;re? he want to believe that there 
is not one rood son, not one ,':ood dau jhter of the Bohei^iian aatior: in t/ie Ihuted 
States an'' Canad-L. vrho v/ould not Ive us a ;ielpf^^l liand to cor.u.-lete any action 



^1-L 


•» T 


I^ D 10 


T T - 
u. .^ ^ 


n 9 






J. V 





dir^ijcted tov:ard ::iitip:--tiri,:- misery and s-.rrov; or. one hand and builcin^^* 
for a aaj.n)ie2', r-icre iiide] endent future of ov.r old coiuitry on the other 



hand. 



^n\ 



.'hilo reniiinin-'* I'val citizens of the Inited Ctato5; our nov. ho:.'el£md, v/liicn, 

^-- V 7 7 

unlihe the .-oveiTJicnt of .xijstria, fjraats over/ individual freedo::) of devoloT)- 

Ticnt, v;e huve imited in the laider >i:'-ned ^es/re I'lrcdni 3dr\!zeni (Bohorian 
'/atior.-'Al X'.li-Jir.ce) in order to jeo'-c und apply the best posoicle !iCan5> ;f be- 
inf* useful to tlie old countr;*, v;r ic:; is i. such dire need uf help. 

The objectives of the ^es'rze Turodni Sdruzeni in /j-iericci ure: 

To build a fund for the luiti- -ition of »iisery, sufreririf-, and econo:-ic debacles 
that v'ar has caused in our old couatr' bv a :jyste:'aitic and continous series 
of collectiors in the United States and Canada* 

To ccniduct -a canpai-n of ];ro^.-a:'-anda by v:hich the public oi ;^.. erica und the 









-- . 1^ 



II D 10 

III B 2 Denni !Ilar>atel, Seot. IS, 1914, 
I G 

r/ xvhole v.orlu villi bo kent r/ro'nerl'' ini'omod -ibciit the deaires un i tho 

historic natural, 'ini hu:'.an ri.::i:ts of the Boheriian-Slavonic >e .']'lt3 in 
Bohemia, Moriivia, Silesia, and 31ov--LCla. 

To use suit'ible rieans in an e:Tort to brin.: about the consideration of the 't, 

re-niirei-ients and the liberation of the Bohemian nation v;hien trie tine co:-.es for .-- 
tlie solution of European problems, v;l:ich v:ill necessarily foliov; the present r-~ 
v/.ur • IT, 

^^: 

r~ ■> 
V. ._ 

V.e are vrell av/ai^e of the resijonsibilit'^ v/hich reots U"oon '.<3 v;ith the adoption "^ 
of the above pro'Tari, and v:e direct a v/ann aijpeal to all true Bohemians in ^; 

this country, to our societies, associations, institutions, other or,':anized v^ 

bodies, and to our "^ ross to heln us in carrvin * it out» h'e invite vou into 
our ranks, and v;e -.sic your r.ioral su-port in order to i.-ake a stron.;]; enouy/i 
L^ipression on the /irr.erican public. But v/e also • sh your financial su-:-i)ort* 
ITo stru':";le c^n 1 e vron v;ithout Jioney* Cur auxiliary co.^i'^attee is in char^^e 
of the solicitation of funds for the afflicted neonie. Its uurr-Ooe is to 



Ill II - 4 - BCr^..I jT 

II D 10 ^ 

III B 2 D3nni Jll-d.satel, oei'Jt. 18, 1014. 
I G 

IV alleviate the rdsevy and svjrrov/s caused b/ the v;ar» 

Tills activity -•oes hand in hand v;ith the 'vorh oT tl^e vOslco-.-j'.ieriGiCa Ticlrova 
Kancelaf (Bch3::-iari-.'.-:erican i-re:J3 B^jroau) and the Tishovy Cdbor (Presc CJo:^j:iit- 
tee) of the !$e:3::«3 Ilaro^ini Sdruzeni tov/ard i.ia]cin,;- the .^^oner .1 .j'.ec*i<jan and 'vorld 
T^ublic ac'^uainted v;ith the difiicult situation of the Polienian lands, the 
sufferini' and o;p,;res3ion, -.inl their fr itloss ci'mtlOv for haT-an rir-hts, and thu 
enable the Boheriian nation effectively to voice its demands v;hen discussions 
v;ill be under v;ay as to the f-;te oC our old coimtry* 

This v;orh, ai/iin:: ::.t the liberation of Bohei:iian lands fro::i tiieir pre,-:ont rela- 
tion to the -xU'otrian yovernnerit, v;e consiJ.er of e::tr lordiiiary in^.ort mce^ But 
if this ai". is to be achieved, it v.ill be .aecerjs.ry to have avail ible a suffi- 
cient fund for political ^^virroses, he therefore ask: tait the nun ose of all 
covitril)u.tions be clearly desi.mated. It is sufficient to s._.y, '*jor :ii '"i'-ation 
of need,'* or "For i^olitical action". -J.1 coatribati-.^'ris v;ill be publicly 
receiT ted« 



u. 



o 






TfD~10 

III B 2 PA-ir^L.--A:-i?:T-lei.> se-t. ib, 1914. 



•r /-I 

1 .>• 



lY Friends I TiiO Tolea havo been strivi:.' for ti:eir indo-^endonco for 

■i'^e3, :\n:x the;- v;illin ;ly r/i^zo '.Jfiy c'lcrii'ice^ tov;.ird thut end, !;o 

s-icrifice is too -re'it for trie Iris}i, oi:r co-citizsn.s, to he piit on th'j ciltur 
of their r..itioriil de.Giro3, for tLo lil or-itior! of their cov<,'tr7. Let us prove 
by quick cond substantial help that this j:reut eru h-js net fv.-!.. d us uiprexared; 
that our Icve for the old country h:iG ]~iOt died; un 1 th-.t v;e are Y;iil1n^ to 
respond v;ith deedrj to the cull of our old country, the objoct of cur fond 
:::or;orieo, our Icvo, ur:d cur dro:j:Cl 'h.e t^::t ^-ivec ..uiolily yives tvicoT* 

-J-l contributions should he uddroj:-ed to the ti-^:i3uror .f t::o ^^:^r:e !'urodri 
odr'. zoni / .^lorico, ..r. o-i:.:e:- ?. .^teyir.:., iC.^b :jlue Isiu'ici ^onuo, onie'..:"0 
Il?ii';is, ' • .V ..• 

3i"'nod: ?o:* t^ie ^e:^}:e h'-'rofinf Sdruzeri V j;.erice, Dr. x.m(iv±> Fisher, yrv.^oidont; 
J-.rc!sl-iV hT'irhuj , ii^urel Vinh'' -'ro-:, J.oj:; hol.i c.i'.r, GOC]-et'.irio3, 

For ti.o vosho- •loric :u h-'rodni .^ad^^, (Foiiorlan-.. eric-'n Fj.tion:il Coi^ncil), 



..> 



V ; 



^s j^ . - L> 



II D 10 

-p- T- 1- r- 

_^ -1 ^ J ( . 



^or the Ce:j):o-.^ieric>a 'Jickov:' ilmcclir (Boho:..i:Aii-.-j.eric..L xrojr r'ure:iii/, -•• 

Tot t::o 5es::o-Glovm:?^y Vyporiocir' Vybor (3oLo::io.:L-.:.l:;vonic ..u:riii;irv CajiLittee) , - 
r. ?. rto]>iiu, :,ror,i .eiit , J, -/. yijrii., J3c:'(:;t.-.:ry« i— 



i_rr. 



Ill H BOimvlIi iK 

I a 

Dennf Hlaaatel ^ Sept* 8, 1914. 

SAD 113:3 ?ROu TK^; OLD COUIOTRY 

/Another series of eight letters describing conditions in the old country 
during the nobilization and the follov;ing weeks is present 8d_j7 






r--* 









Ill H BuItLlIvIIAISi 

I a 

Dennl Hlasatel , Sept. 7, 1914# 

MAIL FROM THE OLD COUl.T'HY 

/The article contains nine letters and three nev/spaper clippings from 
various places in Bohemia and Moravia, all dealing with personal matters 
of writers and conditions brought forth by the war^ 



cz 

cz: 



Ill H 



BOHZtlL'IIM^I 



II D 10 

I G Denni Hlasatel , Sept* 4, 1914. 

DISTRESSING I^WS FRQU BOHEI^^IA 

The news we are receiving from our dear old country is not plentiful, but ^ 
heart-rending to all who read it* Evidently the conditions in Bohemia are ;^ 
getting worse not from day to day, but from hour to hour* The lonely tales p 
of woe that come to our attention by mere chance resemble not hundreds, but 
thousands of other similar tales — thousands of still more heartbreaking ones 
that are too weak to reach us here* But we are publishing them, and we 
publish them principally in order to prove that help is most urgently needed; ^ 
that it is the most sacred duty of every one of us to give, to dig deep into ^^ 
our pocketbooks and thus provide for many a widov/'s mite imd do both our 
patriotic and huiaane duty* 

/There follows a long letter from Ivirs* Ida Liezera of Viking, Alberta, Canada, 
telling about a letter she received from her old mother in the homeland, de- 
scribing the pitiful circumstances in which the family has found itself and 
asking for help, because the husband of another daughter had been called for 



-XI 



Ill H 
II D 10 



O 

Cj 



egie:I;:i;j-: 






Dermi lU-zsatel^ :.:ept. 4, 1914 • 



military duty; also a letter v;lis received by :.>• Vicl:iv Benes of 2735 Jouth 
Kildcire^ -.venue, Chicaco, describin-: tlie z^hqv.jX conditions caused by the 
• exodus of the rien into the iirr.y, anr: it eras as follows^/ 

"'.rnat is there to a:id? No rei.iarks, no explanaticns are nocossury. Those 
letters spocik for thenselves, and ncthin:- could urce us nore forcefully to do 
cur duty.'* 



3> 






c 



I : 



-t T - 



T 



r* 



:.y(^;T ■' T ' 



— ■^^■^■B^^— ^        ^mm'^K^m' 









(Jdit.orial) 



".0 are c-.l''iii- th<j atoCi'iti^^ of nl] cur re- ders to tiie iMCt that v;o h vo ar-ain 
rocoiv-d :.iail iV-i.. the '.^Id Cj^^ntry. It c^.o 



u 



x:r-l- 



for the rir::t 'i:::G 



_.ft r a Ion;: -.riiilo. In that r-ail t. ere v;ere sav-^r- 1 periodicals datad .:c -Uot 
].l, v;hich shc.s that they ■..■e:*e ni]^:•t'ier; Cinyr .\\ f/u-jir v.'aa# ho 'ionbt, firat 
cl;i33 :;:ail r^-iched ahlc^j^'O y-j. orlay, he ara arhiia* tiiCr^o a^io oith-jr h-ive 

received or './ill rec-^-ive letter.: f r / . frie d.^; -.r.d r---^lat"ivcc in hchenia to 

+- 

deals v;it.ii ^ho v;ar and car. Cit iaixs in 'v.r tadly abr^ od^ ad tcranred hcioland 
.e shall be very yr.toful for any h-^lp of thij hindo 



lead the:., to us and -ive as ^or!':issian to :"abii5;h all the" aav cc-at' in that 



lianod: h'onni ::lasat^^l 



Ill H BQHSLlIi;]^! 

Dennl Hla53atel , Apr. 17, 1914. 

L:DII3T3H CHASLSS J. VOFICKA i:i3CILiHGii3 HIS S2CR2TART 

llr* Frank 2. Kendricks, Jr#, private secretary of the minister to the Balkan 
States, Mr. Charles J. Vopicka, resident in Bucharest rode through Berlin 
today on his way to Bremen, and from there he v/ill sail for New York, on the 
steamship Grosser Kurfuerst. 

Mr. Kendricks says that he has resigned froii his office, but refuses to make 
further comment. 

It is said that it was Kendricks v;ho circulated those untruthful, absurd, 
compromising reports about Llinister Vopicka to the whole world. 

V</ith the deletion of Mr. Kendricks, Minister VopiSka received the satisfaction 
due him. It is a certainty tnat all this calumny heaped upon Llinister VopiSka 
was the outcome of national intolerance and jealousy because a Bohemian was 
so honored. 



o 

CO 



Ill H 
III 3 2 



BUICI.IIAI-I 



Donni Klasatel, 3ept. 7, 1913. 



A BLOODLESo V/AR 



(i::ditorial) 



If our old country were in open conflict in a bloody fight, v/ith the Austrian 
Governnent, we should consider it our duty to sacrifice both our property and 
our lives upon its altar. But the f icht of our nation in the old country 
against an antagonistic governinent and aggressive German neiglibors is blood- 
less but continuous, full of strain, and of greatest importance. 






Our nation is fighting there for its rights, its existence, and its place in 
the family of nations; but it would seem that this fight is leaving us here 
in iimerica quite unconcerned, quite indifferent and apathetic. V/e are simply 
doing nothing to help our brothers to victory* In this figjit the Ustredni 
Matice Skolska (Central Scholastic Union) and the tv;o local protective unions, 
the Jednota Severoceska a Jednota Posumavska (North Bohemian Union and 
Bohemian Forest Union) are principally engaged. V/hile the Deutscher Schulverein 



Hi II - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

111 B 2 

Denni Hlasatel . Sept. 7, 1913 • 

(German Scholastic Society), the Deutscher Boehiaerwaldbund I German-Bohemian 
Forest Alliance), and whatever else they call the various German aggressive 
organizations, sLre receiving financial support from a nation of one hundred 
million people outside of Bohemia, we Bohemians are confined to ourselves, 
our own resources. 

Our nation is small, which is one more reason why every one of its members 
should do his or her full duty. There is no other way to help in this great 
historic struggle than to give financial support to the abovo-mentioned three 
national protective institutions. And how do we fulfill this duty of curs? 
We have to admit that very little, if anything, is being done in this respect 
these days. Such a contribution as the Cesko-Araericka Tiskova Kancelar 
(Bohemian-American Press Bureau) sent to the Ustredni Matice Skolska a few 
years ago should be sent every year. And it would not be difficult. If we 
realize that there are five hundred thousand of us in this country, we must 
feel ashamed that we are not contributing at least five thousand dollars every 
year to the fight. This would mean only one penny a year for each one of 



IP 



r" 



r-^ 






Ill H - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

Denni Hlasatel, Sept. 7, 1913. 



4 



us — certainly a paltry sum. Me are convinced that it would not be difficult 
to collect a tidy amount of money every year, but the collecting would have to 
be organized and conducted in a lively manner. 



\i 



Let us remember what a single but enthusiastic man, our late Ur. Zavadil, did ^^ 

in this respect a few years ago. Since then there has not been as active and f; 

self-sacrificing a worker among us. Perhaps if the Cesko-Americka Narodni Rada — 

(Bohemian-American National Council) would interest itself in this matter, some- l^ 

thing worthwhile could be accomplished. There are many of us here who know ^ 
their duty, but we appear to forget about it in the hustle and bustle of every- 
day life. 



^j 



*-- J 



If somebody would make it his business to remind us of it from time to time, 
would undertcJce the collection, and send the proceeds to the proper place, he 
would certainly meet with full understanding and generous hearts. The Ustredni 
Mat ice Skolska is having a hard time this year, for it is struggling with 
financial difficulties. Economic conditions in the old country are bad; the 
population is financially exhausted. What a splendid surprise it would be for 
all good patriots if Bohemian-America would awaken and do her duty! 



Ill H BOH:g.:L\I] 

III B 2 

De nni Illas atel, /vUg. 14, 1913 • 

TIL3 C33K0-.;r.lj;.^ICiCl TI3K0VA KAKCilL/J^ 3KCW3 H3:3U]*.To 

The number of .Americans visiting Bohemia is r,vov:in^, steadily. Of course, 
visits of highly educated Americans such as scientists, v/riters, research 
meiif and prominent businessmen are most welcome of ull, because such men, 
upon returning to their own country, tcilk about their travel experiences 
with their friends and in this v/av make Bohemia and Bohemians better laiovm, 
thus helping the Cesl:o-.jneric<:a Tiskova Kancelaf (Bohemian-iVnerican Press 
Bureau) achieve its principal aim, 

A direct result of the activitie':J of tiiis bureau v/as the visit of I,!r. iUlen 

D« Severance in Pragueo to. Severance is a professor of history at the ^^ 

Western Reserve University of Cleveland, Ohio. i>i 

Having learned about his proposed visit to Europe, the Ce3ko-/\me:.^icka 
Tiskova ?Iancelar v/as brought into touch with the professor by Count Frantisek 
Luetzow during the latter* s recent tour of American universities*. .• • 



13 1 

17 JQimi I'laGatol ^ July '61^ 191:. 

17 (Je-./ish) 



Our osteenod "iiGGt, I'x. 7acl:;v J. Klofac, a menber oi* the --U3tro-i:un::ar- 




t-ion and ]."-r. 7opicl-:a's proopectG for noi.iination to tiio aribassadorial post 

thoro. In ror/ird to this latter point, the Ojr^^ elenents have stirred up <r. 

such stron:; o'ovosition t]jat his iDrosr>ects apuci-.r to be v;eal:ened considera- '• 

bl'^, in sv.ite of the fact tl^t Mr. 7o"nicka Ii:d.s the faitliful su"r>-oort of 

Senator Lov;i3 cuid Con/Tcss^ian .•.. J. Sabath. c 



.;ith Con'-^ressrjan ..abath, Vx. hlofac called on liayor h^arrison, \7ho ;;as Izecnlir 
interested in Ilr. hlofac*s account of conditions prevailin^r in .^ustria and 
in the Halkans. Jurin the visit tlie nimiicipal bailiff, 111", -.nton J. Cer:;Tak, 
cane to ;;elco:.ic I'x. IHofac ana to shov: hin tlirou h tlie City hall,.... 



c 
c 



Ill K BQHEI:L^JT 

III B 2 

I E Denni Hlasatel , July 26, 1913. 

IV 

VAGLW J. KLOF..C III CHICAGO 

(Suirjnary) 



r 
r' 



LIT, Vaclav J. Klofac was given an enthusiastic welcome at the depot of the -r. 
ilichigan Central Railroad* Several friend:, and admirers v.ent to Michigan o 



CD 



City, where they boarded the train and brought him to Chicago. The group 
welcoming IJr. Klofac consisted of members of his ^ational-oocialist/ 
party organized in the Narodne oocialni Vzdelavaci Beseda J. V. Fric <5^ 

(J. V. Fric National -oocialist ii^ducational Circle), the president of the 
Cesko-^unericka Narodni Rada (Bohemian-American National Council), lur. 
E. St. Vraz, Alderman Felix Janovsky, numerous representatives of the 
Sokols (gymnastic Union), representatives of the nev;spapers Denni Hlasatel , 
Svornost, and S la vie (the latter repreoented by Dr. J. S. Vojan), and 



Ill H - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

III B 2 

I B Denni Hlasatel ^ July 26, 1913. 

IV 

many more prominent Chicago Bohemians* The party went to the Pilsen 
Auditorium where refreshments were served and formal speeches of welcome and 
thanks were exchanged. 

Mr. Klofac urged the audience to recoumend to their friends that they send 
their children to Bohemia for one or two years. He himself expects to send 
his children to the United State, for a similar period, and so will many £ 
other parents in Bohemia. In this way the contacts between the old and the 
new country will be strengthened. A large amount of time was devoted to the 
discussion of political conditions in Austria and Bohemia. 



j'i 



CO 
CD 

ro 



Ill H BQnP.3.1IAN 

II B 2 g 

I E Denni Klasatel , July 22, 1913. 

VL3IT OF ffi. V..CDW J. KLOFkC 

According to a report ^hich v.e have just received, I.:r. Vaclav J. Klofac, a 
member or both the .^ustro-Hungarian parliaiaent in Vienna and the Bohemian 
parliament in irague, v;ill arrive in Chic ^go next i^^riday morning. He v.ill 
be met at the depot by a ..elegation composed of local members of the Nation 
al Socialist party. 

Ivlr. IGLofae is coming to Chicago to deliver a number of lectures concerning 
the recent v/ars and conditions in the Balkans. The Chicago part of his 
tour of Bohemian settlements in America is being sponsored by the Narodne- 
Socialni Vzdelavaci Beseda J. V. Fric (J. V. i^'ric Mational-^Jocialist Educa- 
tional Circle) and covers the follov^ing program: 

Saturday, July 26: Lecture at the xilsen Auditorium at 18th Street and 
Blue Island iivenue. 



r ) 



Ol 



Ill H - 2 - BOHniMIiilvI 

II B 2 g 

I E Denni Klasatel , July 22, 1913* 

Sunday: Official banquet at I^r, Krkavec^s restaurant at 19th Jtreet and 
Blue Island /ivenue given to llr. Klofac by the Narodne-Jocialni Vzdelavaci 
Beseda J. V. Fric* 

Monday, July 28: a lecture at rilsen Park on 26th Jtreet and Albany .-Lvenue; ^ 
Chinese lantern illumination. .^^ 

\ — 
.Wednesday, July 30: Lecture in Tovn of Lake at the hall of the Cesko-^Slovanske 

irodporujici Jpolky (Bohemian-Glavonic Benevolent Societies), 48th and Honore 

streets. 






Thursday, July 31: Lecture at the Sokol Tabor (Tabor g3n7inastic Unit) hall at 
13th Jtreet and 41st ^ivenue. 

« 

Friday, .>.ugust 1: Lecture at Atlas Hall on liinima Jtreet, ChicMr^o*s Northv.est 
Side* 

translator* s note: At the time of his visit to Chicago and for many years 






Ill H - 3 - BQHEivllAlT 

II B 2 g 

I E Denni Hlasatel , July 22, 1913* 

thereafter V. J, Klofac was the chief leader of the National-oocialist 
party— the second largest party in Bohemia at that timej^T" 



r 
o 



ii: 






^^ -r* 






Deuni -il r:-.te' 



• T n 



* - J 



1 "'"'■. 



■n 



..vo ::":,':•;: er 3 in T:o\.'^,: j-:\ '^no y^;y\vi^, i:: -il] cizoabio citios, the Den .IvStu 
(j'lo'.:er yo:-tiv;;ll ic clevolc-:;^inr; i^itc a Cx.-.y conrocrited to 3T)irited -.ctivitiec, 
in d'Gtrictr: v;here v:o -^vn ir. ti.e •iin';rit,;:, Tor t-.ie 1 e^iei'it of oi-r : ,rvl-pre .sod 
nation:-! or':'inizati r'n:-: ^■••'^ .^'rc^n' Jodnot-. . 03^:- •Vo':':, '^-'rodni redrj'ti 



a, 






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f» T f- S .o '-' -••ill ■''- p el p p ": - -. r] T -•, • 






•r*ic "orb r.r >j'^!7,;o!.c overx'l' ^.'Ija 



fro 



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lio'. er, O'lca LjioA -ino 3to:: r;-..o;ie"i-oci /ro 
v/ill ^rocloi:. the 3],^ro''tin cJ" tLo n-oiun 
VMtir.n or it3 V»nddln* yooth, ol.ooo te.oior 
sr-'irin • •itt'icl:.: Cx o rorcll^c? To-:? 



.^ i .X j_ .». - . ■. OaI-.  ' ' ■•. 1- •/ ' ^ >^ O 






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Ill H - 2 - 301:31.: L^^ 

III B 2 

II D 3 Denrif Hlasc^tel , I.iay 11, 1913. 

Thus in the old country tney combine the beautiful v/ith the useful; the posy 
of spring-ti:r.e with the practical efforts for national self-defense and protec- ^ 
tion of those vAio are being oppressed, .-^d, May 18 is being recognized as a ;o 
national holiday of no mean importance. .-^ 

With this in mind, our coijnittee on beautification has decided to initiate a 
movement for a flov;er festival in all Bohe:riian coninujiities in Aiierica. It 
will be held on the same day as the one in the old country, arid the net profits 
will be equally divided ai^iong the three above-i;entionea organizations and the § 
Bohemian-American Hospital in Chicago. The co:;jnittee on beautification is ^ 
appealing to all our national organizations, particularly to our Sokol units, 
to exert their influence and give us active support in launching this national 
and charitable innovation properly. '.Ve are addressing an appeal to all Bohe- 
mian newspapers for help in creating an interest in the flower festival in 
Chicago as well as our communities in New York, Cleveland, Cedar Rapids, Omaha, 
etc. Their co-operation is urgently needed. If every one of us makes just a 



o 



Ill H - 3 - boee: 

III B 2 

II D 3 Dennl Hlasatel , Lltiy 11, 1913. 

sxiiall contribution, the flov;er festival will become an important national 
holiday in our American coijniinitiesiand its financial success v/ill be nore 
than amply assured* 

Again v/e repeat: let none of us ref^ose; let us a±l contribute, each according 5 
to our neans; let us each do our national and huraane auty and demonstrate to 
our non-Bohemian neighbors in this nev; home of ours tnat we are a wide-awake 
nation, that we sympathize with our suffering brothers and sisters! ^ 

Chicago, Llay 10, 1913 

For the Bohexraan committee on beautification: Jos. andel 



1 D 



CO 






III H 
TJ 

Demu Hlasatel, Dec, 22, I'Jl^. 

1:3. B:^rrT .in^j vioIT 

V7e v/ere greatly pleased yesterday* I.Ir. Brittain, the iV:.eric.iii Oonsal in ^, 
Prae'ue, has honored us v;ith a visit. He cone v;ith I.'r. l^Yan?: 0. Plajicok ^ 



This afternoon he v/ill be a ^est in the nev; building of the Seska Beseda ^ 
(Bohenian Club) on Douglas Boulevard, and no doubt a comprehensive program -^ 
of other entertuinrient is bein>^ prepared for hi::; ty our prominent citizens* o 



CO 



Ill H 

II B 5 

I ? o i^ejini HlHSitel, Dec. 13, 191S. 



B r::.'L: 






c 



(::ditoriul) 

l.lv. Brittain, the /vr-eric:m Consul in Pra^-ue, is in GliiC-i^'O these d'iys, Tiiis 
is an occasion for our represent utive -aid T:roi;iinent r.ien to do 'til they c ri to 
show :.:r. Brittain our ar-rreciation for everytr.in'^ he has done for our nation 
in gen-) ral and for /xr.ericm Bchonians in p-;rticul ir dK.rinc* his v/ork: as United 
States Consul in the hearL of Eohe':ua* '.Ve are ca-lin^ especially on those of 
our country^.en :;ho are aC'-^uainted v:ith !.'r. Brittain* a activities; vmo dealt 
v;ith hir:i durin:": tneir visiti* to Eo;ienia and learned to valus hiri not only :;S 
an extreinel*/' able ivieric.in re"resentative, but ulso -jiS a v;illin": helper in an/ 
natter when ho is asked for assista-ice; an ardent friead ci* the Boho^iian n*.ition 
v;hose desires and aims he v/ell understands ana su ■-:orts v/iienever he can. Tae 
const lint attacl's directed a;::ain3t hL^i by the Germans in rra{;'ue are his best 
recoiTiiondation to every Boher'iian, 

.\rr.e(?ic:.n visitorj to the last Sokol Slet (i;as3 Convention) v;ill never forget 



if ¥1 
I ? 3 






ii^y .. J* .X. ^ \ 



Den-1 :{l-.i3atel, Dae. IB, l^l^B* 



Ilr» Brittain*3 enthusiastic v.orl: for the 31et -jii for /uiericuii >Gor:ols, ! any 
v/eeks -ifter the Slet he v;-s still TiTi linr* plousure in Siioivin^-" his callers the 
pictures of the 31et printed ir. Leslie^ s .Ve e'clv and the -.-.rticles about the 
31et that had appeared in otaer .^•::ericiii publications. It is up to us to le 
grateful to such ATierican friends and to a"noreciate their v;or:< proL-erlv* '.;e 
should considor it our duty to iihov: I.ir, Brittain our feelings not only on the 
occasion of his visit, but also v;he:i the Democratic 'Dd:iinistratioa coi-.es to 
'«'asnin.2:ton. That villi le the tirie to sho';: our appreciation not only by v:ords, 
but ulso b'^ deeds. 



Ill H BOHEMIAN 

II D 10 

I Gr Dennf Hlasatel , Dec. 15, 1912* 

TO hLL TRUE BOHSMLlNS 

The brilliant, heroic victor^^ of our Yugoslav brothers has inspired the Bohe- 
mian nation to deeds of humaneness and charity by which the Bohemians have 
again proved that their minds are ruled by noble feelings, true brotherly love, 
and true love of hiomanity. All of Slavdom is proud of the success of the 

Slavic armies, and the largesse that the Bohemians have shown to those who 
suffer was nothing more than our duty. 

But during these times of noble enthusiasm, the Bohemian nation has forgotten 
its ever-present duties toward the most important interests of our nation and 
its minorities, whose care has been entrusted first to our Narodnl Jednoty 
(National Societies) in the Bohemian crown lands ^^tie^i^i Moravia, Silesia^ 
and to the tstfednl Matice Skolska (Central Scholastic Association) ^n 
Prague/ with its associate organization, particularly the association, Komensky 
in Vienna, for the founding and upkeep of Bohemian schools in lower Austria. 
Thus, our national defense is encountering a need much greater than ever beforel 



Ill H - 2 - BOHSKIM 

II D 10 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , Dec* 15, 1912# 

But we are not despairing* The largesse of the Bohemian nation, which was 
shown so selflessly and unanimously during the Slavs history-making days, 
warrants our trust that our nation will disperse the fears of our minorities 
and their central bodies by increased contributions, and that it will imme- 
diately supply the means necessary to secure all they need and thus enable 
them to fulfill all their duties and accepted obligations in the very near 
future* 

A report concerning the critical decrease of income of our central bodies for 
the protection of minorities has been submitted to the Ceskd Narodnl Rada 

(Bohemian National Council) yTn Prague/ which, in the meeting of its executive 
committee of November 23, 1912, definitely recognized the need for immediate 
help and recommended substantial support* 

We are therefore addressing an urgent appeal to all good Bohemians to prove 
their appreciation of the work of the central bodies for the protection of 
our minorities by early contributions, and we trust that our expectations 



Ill H - 3 - BOHEMIAN 

II D 10 

I G Dennl Hlasatel , Dec» 15, 1912» 

will not be disappointed. 

Prague November 25, 1912  

Signed: tJstfednf Matice Skolska, Narodnf Jednota Severoceska 
(Scholastic Association for Nortbem Bohemia), 

Ndrodnl Jednota PoSumavskfi (Scholastic Association for the Bohe- 
mian Forest District), 

CeskS Obec SokolskS (Bohemian Sokol Association), 
Narodnf Jednota Slezska (Silesian Scholastic Association), 
Narodnf Jednota V Bme (Scholastic Association of Brno), 
Narodnf Jednota V Olonouci (Scholastic Association of Olomouc), 

Matice Opayska V Opave (Opava Scholastic Association at Opava), 
Matice Osvety Lidove V Polske Ostrave (Association for Popular 
Education in Polska Ostrava), 

Spolek Pro Zrizovanf A Vydrzovanf Skol Dolnorakouskych "Kcxnensky** 
Ve Vfdni (Association Komensky in Vienna for the Founding and Upkeep 
of National Schools in lower Austria*) 



Ill II 






Denni Iflesatel, Aur;. 7, 1912 

^llE VALUE CF PCIil]I-i:.N-iU.-2;':lCA:CS^ 

(Editorial) 

\'fnen v:e reKci Bcheni^n nev;3p£.T)ers frc^r. the eld hci.ielend, v/e :::ust wonder xnih.t 
in /vmerica arouses their greatest interest. Lenticn cl' seme interesting 
event froi.i our Poheriieji life, atcut tie influence of cur Lenevclent and t\;ild- 
in'^ snd lo&Ji societies, cr clout cur schools, is vs scarce in tueir ccluinns r-s 
white crows, hcwever, ^l^^^^'- fi-^=<"^^t /jiericar. nil.iicn?.ires B.nc. distorted reports 
cf crimes co:-j..itted are frequently jublisried witli soecisl zest. V/e do not 
know cf '^. s'^n'^le lar^e ^^ r"ue news ^aoer v;hich ]ias a ;, eminent correspondent here 
v/hc v.xuld ]:ee^o --.is readers ccrrectlv and honest Iv infcnnec about ever\'i:jiin'^ 
important in our lives. There are about one i.dl-.ion icheiai^ins in Arierica. To 
a Bcher;iisji naticn cf seven i.dllicn people, this .>rcporticn sliould be si;^nifi- 
cor.t, 

Prague nev/spci^-ers publish re.njlar re .orts fro:, p-^ris, London, St. petorsbur ;, 






D ei-L-i Hl r ssxe l, Au[;. 7, IS 12 

end ether _:laces, but they dc net core t:;.cut us — sci.s cf the SMae naticn 
to Vw'fiich v;e v.ant tc re'iiS'.in f;-itiiful. It is nice, a^ least it sounds nice, 
v:lien i-ienticn is irin.de of the s;,a::pathy v^nich the Lcae.ian jec^le enjoy in 
Fre^ice. j"iat ':)ractical "benerit v/il^ e derived i*ro)i t.iis relnticnSi^iD by 
■:ae Bcfiei.iia:! ^^ec^^le? ".'.ill tne . renoh assist the bchiii.ii?j:io in trieir natirnal 
eiKi oocncMic stru?r,:le a<';ain3t trioir a'-e-cld erxCi.iy? ..e <h:ubt t-iL-t -'n c-J:">ertu- 
nity tc dc sc vriil ever offer itself njid, if it s-.ould, that the ^ren<^: weald 
tr.>e advnnta^e of io» 

Just after tlie recent ochcl olet (Gy..i:i(-;.stic :.a3s Exhibition), where the French 
v;er'^ s'licwn the ■"•reatest rrsoect, where iecdin-: circle^ and the i.iasies p^^id so 
much attention tc the French that o^her quests alncst felt snubbed, the •City 
cf ?ra:;ue \vas no-otiatln.: a nev; lean Diid turned first to the French financio.l 
instit'.iticns. These, hcvmver, required sucli conditlcns that Prague cculd not 
accept. 

V.'e believe tho.t r/.:onr, the yre:\o\i :ec')le there ccci be found 1 -^arned n^^jcole 



Ill 



• • i  I ■^ I ' 



De:£ii_:l-satel, Au.> 7, ICl^'- 

v:hc ".lave inclined tovr.rd our nation tiirou *h t:ie stvidy cf cur v/cnderful histcry. 
TJe adiTiit that there ere hundreds cf politicinns ajrion^^ thei v/ho ho.ve rer.lized 
that the Bcheiitii^n oec.)le are t-ie -reatect oh^th.ile to th^ reo.lizaticn cf the 
Pan— 3era?nio dreaiM. 2'At v/e absolutely do net believe that -.he I-criei-inn nation 
con derive any pro.otical benefit frcM its frieridshi;^^ tcivcrd the /rench nation. 

In us, licwever, cur i.rtherlnjid has an alv/ays vrill liave devoted nnd r-enerous 
brcth.ers; it v/ill :iave thein. in cur children ond grandchildren v/ ,o will always 
feel favorable toward the r.oiienisns even if t:iey are net jiasters of the L'c- 
heni>3n lon'^uo. -e. Tn Fcl^eiiiia :mny consider us lest. Eut they can lot deny that 
active collections are ;;iade aiaon'-; us for all national ourjoses; that we send 
iricney to the victii.is cf r.atural disasters: and that at everv ooortunitv we 
prove cur love for theu. I:, tiey were w' se and far-si ^Jited, they would en- 
deavor to make use cf this fact. T.^e"- would trv to -et as much as possible 
frc:ri us. T'ley \vculd notice 'iS, encouro. "^e us, erect ^^ the v/< rii.est contacts with 
us* 



- i 









"Icwever, until vie reo.d 3^:::et:iin' else -ii t.'ie ?rc>'^\\e novisnn.^ers besides t»'e 
rascalities c^.rried en hj scne A::iericoji nil -icnaire; os ic^n^ as the scur':;e 
cf infcrriaticn about A -srica is tho.t cf jcurnr.lists ?->. la "Arizona Richer'*; 
as lonr «s iar-^e Zcheriian nev;3 ;B")ers dc net bctrior tc see that thev aro 
re.^'ularlv ond truthfully infcri.ied abcut :L;..erican ..i^tters. esjeoiallT^ Bche- 
i-iian-Anericen, r;e shall net be able tc believe thB.t leadiri"* ^^rheriian circles 
have a ocrreot understsndiu^ and oval^^aticn cf the bc\'ie::iiBn br'jnch in /c.ierica. 



Ill H 
II B 3 



Boiian/iN 



Denai Klasatel^ June 5, 1912* 

TIIOoS .;H0:.. TliS HEART U:.1TES, TIIi£ 3Zk 
CAI^;0T DIVIDE! GOOD UJCK TILL 

»/E MEiT AGAINl 

A iNiational Pilgrimage 

Since the time of tlie first mass pilgrimage made by Bohemian-Americans to the 
land of their birth d^^ring the first half of tlie ei.^hties when the so-called 
theatrical excursion was arranged, many such pilgrimages, important to all 
Bohemian people, have been enthusiastically undertaken on various occasions 
from America to the heart of Europe— the beautiful land of Bohemia. There 
have been Sokol excursions, the Centennial Jubilee Exhibition excursion, 
and the National Economic and Industrial Exhibition excursion* 'Owever, in 
none of those national pilgrimages did so many people take part as in this 
year's, vjhich is uniq.ue in many ways* Every fellov/ countryman knows what 
the real inducement of this year's excuj»3ion' is. During the last days of 
June and the beginnin^i of July, a group of beautiful Sokol and national fes- 
tivities v;ill be held in our dear old Prague. There will be demonstrations 



Ill H - 2 - BQHIi;:.:IiUT 

II B 5 

Denni Hlasatel » June 5, 1912, 

at w'lich Bohemiaas froir. all corners of the earth will be represented. Sokol 
youths in large numbers vrLll come from places where sons oi* our nation live. 
They will be joinea by other enthusi^.stic sons and daughters of our people 
in oraer to witness these grand exhibitions ^nd evidences of strength not 
only of the Sokol nove.Tient, but also of the entire Bohemian people. The 
e:.reat ideas expressed oy I'yre and Fuegrier will be emboaied there. Thus, 
everyone will be convinced that our nation is alive and that its own typi- 
cal national life is safe^arded, because in the healthy bodies of the 
Sokols, in ill those me:nbers of our nation wlio have been raised according 
to the Sokol principles and who are enlightened and energetically proceed- 
ing toward a conuaon goal, there lives and luxuriates a spirit which will 
not allow itself to be fettered by any unfrienaly provision o:' the govern- 
ment or by any violence on the p ;rt of age-old enemies of the Bohemian 
people . 

Lvery good Bohemian will rejoice during the festive days about to take 
place in Prague, but the greatest and purest, exultationwill fill the hearts 
of those 3ohemian-.-^!ierican participants, menD^rs of our excursion, v;ith 
whom we are now parting. For a long time, in Bohemia, we have been consi- 



Ill H - 3 - BOHK.aAN 

II B 3 

Denni Klasatel, June 5, 1912. 

dered lost children of our coinmon motherland, '^owever, we have given them 
proof that we are alive and that we are growing, becoming more powerful; 
that we are a branch of the Bohemian stock which will not wither, but vail 
bear fruit if only our national gardeners do not willful y cut us off from 
our common lifegiving national trunk and discard us. 

That a different opinion is held of the Boiemian-Zcnerican branch than used 
to be the caae is best proved by the visit of the -►okols about three years 
ago, by ths expansion of the Narodni Hada (I^'ational Council) to America, 
and by the lively conduct of national and business contacts vrith us. 

Today we are reco^inized as an important national branch and this will be 
demonstrated in the welcome v;hich v;ill be given our pilgrims in Prague and 
also in the earnest explanation they give us or all our co:;imon plans and 
tasks • We recall that heretofore they wept in ir^rague at the sight of guests 
from America, but now they only rejoice* No longer will the Bohemians re- 
gard Bohemian-Aiaericans as their lost sons* On the contrary, they will see 
that their children, although driven far from the mot^ierland by fate, still 
have the same enthusiastic feeling for their homeland and work for it Just 
as hard as those v/ho stayed at home* 



Ill H - 4 - BOHailAN 

II B 3 

Denai Iilasatel y June b, 1912. 

For this reason this year*s pilgrinyage to I'rague v/ill be more joyous than 
ever before* The participants will be v/elcomed every^/zhere as ^-ood and 
valuable merabers of our nrition in every respect* The attitude adopted 
toward them will not be sentimentel. There vill be no sif::hs and 3uch ex- 
pressions of regret as: **Toc bad th.t so inany of you strong and healthy 
people h.ve gone to foreign lunds; too bad tliat so much Bohemian blood 
strengthens non-Bohemian bloodl'^ Today they know in Bohemia hat we Bohe- 
mian-Americans can be and v;hLt we w 11 be if they do their duty toward us 
and do not call upon us unjustly to ao ours* 

We expect good work and good effects from the present excursion, resulting 
in the strengthening and improverrient of relations betv/een the Bohemians of 
our native land and those of the United States of /jnerica* 

Our pilgrims v/ill be considered not only as guests m o^or native land, but 
also as eagerly av;aiteu asiistants, -ecognized fellow workers in the here- 
ditary national field. That v/ill enlighten our pilgrims; it will make it 
possible for them to h ye the greatest pure joy and permanent benefit from 



Ill H - 5 - BQHJiaAN 

II 3 ;^ 

Dennl Hlasatel ^ June 5, 1912. 

things they see and experience. 

V<e have convinced ourselves that this year's excursion includes men and 
women with cleur minds, sincere patriotic hearts — men and -omen trained 
in the hard school of life, capable o profitineT Troin experiences gained 
for themselves and for all t':ose who are dear to them, and primarily for 
our people, for thut great Bohemian-Slavonic family, the love of which 
urges theiA to take this long, expensive pilgrimage. 

The leaders of our Bohemian people will surely enter into conference with 
them; they v;ill ask bout their opinions ana ideas and Wxll know how to 
use this informati' n best, Ii this happens, then this year's pilgrirr^ge 
v;ill be profitable to the Bohemian people -md to us Bohemian-Americans. 
Ihe sacrifices 'vlll bear fruit a thousandfold. From the bottom of our 
hearts we hope that this will happen. 

Travel on this joyous pilgriniige, but do not forget its importance to all 
of us. I.:uch rejoicing av.aits tCou, but there v^ill also be much sericus work 



»V'> 



I^I H - 6 - BOHBJIMJ 

II B 5 

Denni Hlasatel, June 5, 1912, 

Do not evadt- it, but perform it in such a way that v;e can be proud of you, 
that we can be grateful to you. 

Go, travel safely, and throughout the journey remain indeed brothers and 
sisters; enjoy the festive days not only with your eyes and ears, but also 
v;ith your heart :^ad soul; do not forget our defensive national societies; 
and, finally, return to your homes strengthened and happy, and we shall 
be av/aiting you with eagerness I 

Grood luck till we meet againl 



Ill II mii^:.!::: 

II B 3 

Donni ?ila.:atel , June 5, 1912. 

3UPPLEi.^n?;-j^Y ll:;t o? ^r-r^cGURr.iciii^TS 

V/IIC ::iIX DEP.- J^T NS'CT SITl^rAY TO 
ATTI3ID TK2 SOKOL 3LET IN FRi'iGUE 

The firm of F« 3kala <8c Coir.pany has compiled a suppleraentary list of names of ^ 
persons v;ho will participate in the excursion to Pra{-ue in order to attend the —^ 
Sokol olet (Llass Gymnastic Festival) v:hich v;ill be held there. This list, P 
together v;ith the one previously published, constitutes a complete register 
of those excursionists who made their travel arrangements through the Frank 
okala 8: Company a,'^ency. 



The supplementarily announced excursionists are /Translator's note: There 
follov.'s a list of names of persons from all parts of the United 3tates. Listed 
are 286 persons. The firm of Brodsk^'- and Sovak of New York furnished a list 
of 195 DersonsT. 



o 






Ill H 
II B 3 

Deiini Hlasatel , Hay 22, 1912 



BOHSI.ILhN 



TEE N/JIODKt JilDNOTi S0K0L3K' 3L2T T2.J'J 
^alf-tone, three col^unn-quarter of a page, 

picture of men's sokol teansj^T" 

The Narodni^Jednota Sokolska (National Sokol Union) will be represented at 

the sixth Vsesokolsky 31et (Mass ilxhibition) by a team of selected gyriinasts ^ 

reputed to be the most capable of sokols, .The gyiiinasts composing the team • ^ 

were selected by preliminary competitions. <i 

I — 
• ••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• p" 

The group consists of the follov/ing sokols: Rudolph Novak and B» Hasek of c 

Cedar Rapid'j, Iowa; F. Paul and V* Stransky of Pilsen Sokol; J. Siselt of 
Sokol Chicar;;o; Aug, Novak of Baltimore, L!aryland; and J. Heisler of New 
York, N» Y. Alternates are F» Burshek of St* Louis and E. Novak of Baltimore. 



We have been informed that all members of the rroup will leave on June 5 
for Ne;7 York, v/here they v/ill hold joint preli^xinary practice. 






Ill H BOlLiMI'iN 

II B 3 

Dennl Hlasatel, May 19, 1912 • 

TO THli: 30K0T 3I.3T 

A List Of Participants Vflio Have Llads Application 
To Join Tal3 Year*s Excursion To The Old Hoiaeland 

SxtensiT's preparations ar3 being nade in ail Boheiii an- American coinnunities 
for this yearns excursion to Bohoiaia for the Sokol Slet (Gjnnnastic Festival) • 
Everything indicates that this will be the biggest joint visit to the old 
homeland ever undertaken by Bohemian- Americans. From all directions come 
reports of the lar^^e nuiibec's of countryiaen who will join the excursion. 
These, added to those who have already left, v/ill swell the representation 
of Bohemian-Merica durin?:^ the festive Sokol Days in Prague. It is impossible 
to correctly estimate the nunber of excursionists; hov/ever, according to the 
lists 7/hich we have received from F. Skala 3c Companj of Chica^^o and Brodsky 
&. Sovak of New York, the naiibor of participants will be unexpectedly large. 
Both of these firriis have been accepting applications from individuals who 
will depart on June 11 from New York, with the Sokol delegation, on board 



^-^ 



! — 

» 



inji - 2 - BCIEI.!lAl^ 

II B 3 

Denni Hl^sat^I. May 19, 1912. 

the steamship New Amsterdain* However, these are far from all of the 
excursionists; for both firais have sent large numbers of other countrymen 
who, althougli they are not accompanying the excursion proper, are travelling 
to Prague for the srime purposa--to visit the old homeland and to take part 
in the Sokol Slet 

translator's note: Tlie article^ carries two columns of names of individuals 
participating in the excursioujV 






O 



Ill H 

II B 2 d (1) 

III B 2 
I\^ 

IV (Jevviah) 



boh^].:i;j: 



Deiii\i_IDLasateJj_ Feb. 26, 1912. 
JaroGlav S. S. Vojan 



Today at last, just before the deriarture of Count Traiitisel: Luetzov; upon 
the second half of his tour, I find a little tine to v^rite v/hat I have been 
preparing to v/rite since the tine v;hen my wife, faithf^ally renaining in 
Chicui^o, sent ne a clippini3 fron the Februarv'' 6 issue of Sprav adlnost . I 
am not sorry, however, that I did not write sooner. In the meantime the 
oprave dlnost has sunk still lov/er in its que?>tionablo practices, and I can 
write of other oc /urrences. 

On Friday, February 2, Representative Victor Berber condv.cted hinself in 
Con^^^ress in a vmy v;hich every Czech nust call insultin>3. Before the address 
by Dr. Luetzov; he arose, and v;iuhout any information, spoke a few i::ipolite 
sentences, rie said (I ;iuote froir: page 1738 of the Cjongressional Record), 
^*Tiie Count v/as never, to ny knov/ledse, a member of any parliament. (Had he 



• 1 



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Ill H - 3 - BOHavlIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

III B 2 Denni Hlaaatel , Feb* 26, 1912* 
IV 

IV (Jev/ish) his methods ••* 

That probably would have been enough so that llr. Berger would have recognized 
that Count Luetzow is not merely a titled man but really an illustrious 
scientist* Therefore he meets the specifications set up by Mr# Berger* 

The Chicago Spravedlnost could have said diplomatically that Mr* Berger was 
not properly informed and further than that it could have kept quiet* Our 
attitude would have been that of the old Bohemian saying, "Well, why try to 
reason with him when he doesn't care to understand?** Instead of that, 
Spravedlnost took an attitude of unreasonable fanatic orthodoxy and said 
to itself that it must at all costs uphold Mr* Berger* s point of viev/ as 
correct* 

Something of that kind is foreign to me, I am capable of recognizing the fact 

that my best friend made a mistake, because it is only human to err* Spravedl- 

noi^tf with its orthodoxy, found itself follo\rtng the principle of an inclined 
plane* 



Ill H - 4 - 3C'ij.:i.j: 

II E 2 d (1) 

III B a Deuig I llissatel, 3'eb. 25, IvlC. 

r/ 

r/ (Jav.'ish) On Februar;/' 5, 3r)ruveclln ost published an ai'ticle, "Eerf-er's 

Point of Viev//* us re"^orted hv the lyu^-ional Socialist Press, 
There v;e read, *'It is S'lid in V/^shincton diplomatic circles thj.t the Count 
is not iriortant in uristocratic circles.^ This stor;- evidentl;; e-'iinuted 
fro.'.'i the .^ustrian consul .te v;:iicii is do:ninuted Ir llv. ■len^elrjaeller. lie 
had armounced c;uite a vjhile prior to the ';rrival of vount Luetzov/ that he 
did not intend to v-resent thr? Co'.uit to tho Presidei-^, Tliat .aean.s that Gou::t 
Luetsov; is not on friendly tens v/ith the Austrian Govervi'^.ent, To be sure, 
this is understood, Tlie schol-^r who, in hi;-: lectures at eleven universities 
tello -iinerican listenerr^ that 'V.ustria is not a {^onuinelv constitutional, 
but a bureaucratic state"; that the const Itutioi oT 1B60 is rierely "a sembl?dnce 
of self-soveniment'*; and th-.t "the Gernian officials of Vienna elaborated a 
representative institution based 0:1 an unriv .led systeri of :^err^7:r:-inderin2:*'; 
that a Hun<:^arian ninorit:- »30veras in Iiijnr.ir^:^ and a 0^^rmn minority in j.istria 
governs over a Slavic r.ajority, etc.; a man vrho gave ten thous.ind iaroiien to 
the radic.'^.l ne: / pane r 3:irr.o r> t at n os t — s-ich a nan, in all rc.jpects a sincere 



TTT T^ 



- D - 



ktc;:l:: 



II B :^ d (1) 



T-T T> O 



Denni lai-^itel, .'eh. r.O, l\a2. 



TJ (Jev/isji) Czech, cannot enjoy the lov'3 of the H-jmc-^rian-Jcvish .-apresenta- 

tive of the .^.u^tri-.a .onarch'^ m^ '. /ash in::t on. 

h'e ure not surprisea tri:it the I^ational Socialist i-re^s -accepted I'r. Border's 
statements us the truth; it c-rcr. be eTCCused on the ••rovinds of irnor'-nce of 
.Austrian conditions, ^^at v/e are sviry^rised thut 3:\r'ivedlno3t_ did not iri»";ie- 
diutely 3on3e the S0':rc3 .inl tii t it reprinted the words. 



Tn,^ 3j) v ly e d 1 n op t article f^-rth^r ot.tes th it I'.v. Beryor arose parti;; Tor the 
purpose of insuring a nearin • for Socialist r^ue^ts in the fut a^e and p-.rtl.y 
30 that the neribers r.ii/'ht be infer ed o^ sach occurrences in the future. 



m 









o f'lr -.s the firut is coacerned, hr. Hor -or co':ld fi-'ve s-tfe -uarded his 
Duroose v/ithout anv slir:htin-" renarhj abo-^t Count Luetsiov;, •xnl as for the 
second, v:e say th-.t ••'r. her;er v;-\s ir:for':ed that Count Loetzov: V;;s r^oin^ to 
spea>:, Con^ressriian ..i. f . .^aruth had sent .^ letter to all con2:re3;?i'ien announC' 
iziZ that "Count Laetzov; of 2ohe!.ii':, v;h.' is aa'cin;; 'ju ucado^nic tor;r of the 
countr-//' \;ould sr-ea': in the Horse of ■Re")roseiit''a Ives on 7rid .v. 









301-1 



1.1 



 ^ 



II B r: d (1) 

III B 2 

r/ 

lY (Jev.'ish) 



De?j :i_ HI:. sat el, Feb. 26, I0i:i, 






published in Londc:., enjoys horor-.r^' dect^ocs i:' 3cver-.l li+.er:-sry, ri^cientific, 
?.nd irjtcric'-i.l societies, ?tc,'* 

I huve a cop:' of thic letter, ■■i:i'1 I intenc; to roo a fucslr.ile o:" it ir ny boolc 
aboi;t Count Luetza;'r> tour. If i.r. 2er;7er pai-i no 'ittortioi; to tlii.? lettor 
oj'id throve it i:",to the v:\3te b-iGVet, that uoec . ot e::cu3G hi .• 



A.VJV* ^ -i I  . / C r_^ -L ! . O c- '- .> >C.yi. .1 '^X '.[ X C ^' Jij J ...'1 V i- X <;.' i^ »J . ..w CG.j^ .^L • ja.;J .^.j i u.i'.^ ^x ...0 






-;ith a re.uoGt that ho road it -r:! then infer:': :':e v']ieth.er or not I iiad the 

ri::}'t to '.jrite hr© nor;er, ••.■'■■] t^/ t r)r, Jonln^p v'ould h- vc been little p]e\.eed 

^.L • .w>*JL-. i^w I.; ,..Lx_i. iii .' X v> -x^. 'x-io ^vJ. . ..-^  i,'^^., .'-o ... ..*. . .1. .- -aJ... *^. .3 "../'^--'ii i X J -, . >a»_' >» i'.i. 

f*nT' "f'n-i-f- T«ri«4rir'-i if- i ':• • • 1 I* T'l ""Ot" ^'"PT* "1 "•"•.r- : •  f p -»-> T "> f r o • •"• > ,-^f "' /r>->-» ' '"nr»' - V'^r' "^ ''' '^ "^t. r1 pr "a^ "•' 



Ill H - 7 - BOHaiLil^ 

II B 2 d (1) 

III B 2 Denni HLasatel , Feb* 26, 1912* 
IV 

IT (Jewish) me anything or not, I have knovm Dr. Soukup for the past twenty- 
years, and that is perhaps longer than anyone connected with 
Spravedlnost has been a Social Democrat. If Spravedlnost wrote f mother that 
the Cesko-Americka Tiskova Kancelaf (Bohemian- American Press Bureau) writes 
^'arrogantly,^ I reply simply, •'If you please, I am willing to quote for 5 
Spravedlnost a thousand and one far worse cases of arrogance froiu its own C 
columns during only the past month .^ : : 

Spravedlnost wrote that ''of those who are nov; basking in the light of the 
Coxmt's name, many knew very little about Count Luetzov/ two years ago,'* Surely 
this does not concern me, for as editor of Nova Ceska Revue (New Bohemian Review) 
I had dealings with Comt Luetzovi- in June, 1904, and acquired for my periodical 
his beautiful essay *^ovodobi Dejepisci Cesti'' (Modem Bohemian Historians) 
(printed in September, 1904, in Praha by Topic, Nova Ceska Revue )♦ 

The worst of it is that the editors of Spravedlnost are people who have not 
read Count Luetzow's works. ••••Count Luetzow spent a full ten years in research 



Ill H - 8 - BOIffilwLAK 



II B 2 d (1) 

III B 2 Deiini Hlasatel , Feb. 26, J912. 
IV 

IV (Jewish) in preparing his work on Jan Huss* Read his book, gentlenen, 

and then judge the literary work of this scholar. Sxpressions 
such as, **V/e have been visited by a scholar who is much greater than Thonas 
G* Llasaryk,** are nonsensical to an educated person. Scientific work is not 
measured by pounds. Ever^^ scientist works in his ovm sphere, and the 
differentiation **lesser, greater'' does not apply. 

Mr. Stepan Skala vrrites in the Spravedlnost of Februarj^ 24 that ^Count Luetzov;, 
by his visit, has brought the Cesko-.\mericka Tiskova Kancelaf back to life." 
That is an insulting error. The Tiskova Kancelar is active all the time..*.. 
It does not matter if Spravedlnost does not want to spend the fev; dollars each 
month required for the reports of the Tiskova Kancelaf • The unfriendly 
attitude of the Spravedlnost does not mean disaster... . .On the other hand, it 
would do no harm if part of their ''Court Reports" v;ere replaced with Tiskova 
I-Sancelar reports. This v/ould in no way injure the quality of the paper..... 



"J 



Ill H BOIISMIAlNr 

I A 1 b 

III A Deimi KLasatel, Feb. 24, 1912. 

I c 

IV couirr FR.u^m52K luetzow ;^uCNg tus czsciis 

The banquet held last night in honor of Count Frantisek Luetzow v/as the 

most significant of all the Lmportant and elaborate celebrations in the 
history of the Chioaso Czechs. The banquet which was given in the Gold Room 
of the Congress Hotel, was an event such as we have never had before, and 
such as we will seldom enjoy in the future. It v;as a beautiful evening and 
several hundred leading Czechs of Chicago gathered in the Gold Room to honor 
the well-known guest of Czech-Anierica, the famous scholar, and intrepid defender 
of the Czech people, Count Frantisek Luetzov/. 

It was indeed a grand affair, the ccxiplete success of v;hich was not only 
gratifying to the organizers who can be congratulated upon the result of their 
labors, but especially significant because of the interest manifested by 
prominent participants who were of other nationalities. Not only the fore- 
most workers in our ovm national and political fields, were present but also 
many distinguished Americans who were actually astonished by the splendor 






Ill H - 2 - B0H3MIAK 

I A 1 b 

III A Denn i Hlasa tel, Feb* 24, 1912* 
I C 

IV of last night's affair* Even the speeches of the non-Bohemian guests 

had no little significance, because sone of them v;ere delivered by 
persons whose knowled^^e of Czech conditions and the Czech people of Chicago 
is of great importance to the future* In that respect we mention the speech 
of Mrs. Slla Flagg Young, Superintendent of Schools, who emphatically ex- j^ 
pressed herself in favor of teaching the Czech language in the high schools; «^ 
the speech of Professor Miller of the University of Michigan; and the speech <^ 
of President Harry Pratt Judson of the University of Chicago* f- 






The festivities v;ere begun shortly after 8 ?• M* v/hen about four hundred o 
Czechs and non-Czechs sat down to richly prepared tables, each of v/hich was 
sot in the splendor and luxuriousness for which the Congress Hotel is noted* 
Count Luetzow, his wife, and the other speakers, together with sone members .Sn 
of the press bureau, were seated upon an elevation along one side of the 
hall* 

A special program followed the dinner, but time perraitted the presentation 
of only three numbers * • • • * 



«J 



Ii.1 ."i. Den::i :il-..c-itol, ?ot. r:4, l?"'*:. 
I c 

l-r»'^c'r« T^Ti'>^r>' t" i ' r« "^ "^ ''"t" .'a"*-""? ■>"•''; "^ T"> f ^^n r"^ 1 1 '"^ r' I'm,": f- r.- > <^"f" >-i'i r*f- <-*''"• "^''•■'l ".'^ T" "'' 

I.*. • a. ^.» ".v^ ... J. i . . .. .V. -» • * - . c ^i.-*^ w -L ^ .^ J i .'.l ... .. vx . - X ../ U -.1 ^ X . » ;. .> j.. '. ^^ i. ' >. . ^ t. . — !-...'._/ ..*...-:... ^ # 

"""i *"• 1 rriV. "'Y*','' "•'Oorir* r» "i '"■ "'•^"> i •'I i <-'•, ••••'ir* -?"*••, l ) ("» r"* >■..-♦• -j-i-j /'•,x ~ «^,.j "^'."^ '-"-r-*,- -;-.  '- '•>>■> ri >-,-'-]••> •: o ^ *" ''• 

» _ !. 4-; X V.'. -L, ly . i ... y -^K^'^ . .. X- . .-^ii -L. X ^-i . • ' Afcj i. .^ .1 -1 ^  ^ . i J. ^ V „ .1. .^i . # ... -O .^ ' ,. . -- .<. ..^ . — -- v^' *««/-._■'..• X . . > 

■^ -y* -.'-',(■.■> »\r •, A .3 f'- 1 ^ .-i- r- --^^-y .-,,"* . ■* TOP,--"' r* r.tv'/^ i ;'»'"'«, ^1 r> '^ ;. TTirl-;"- ". T' • "^■*' » "^ '"Vio', "<■■■' r,^ "I" no 



f^ +■-.•%•» T " • '^ T" • 



"^ -. -; >.» V, TN 






.as 



'■-}-»-. 'T r-.-»«tr, J rl .3 f'- 1 ^ .-i- r- >>-»,-, J-,,"* . ■* TOP,--"' C (yW* O \ Cs;^^ ^\r\r><~^ ;^ T^jrl"— ". v'" "^■*' • "^ ''V 50 ',"<■■' C)^ ''"''' 

'1. -.<■ »^ ■-,• — » .. 'X .-* .L > •>■• -..»»•.— •' ^ ■■-' '.-X O X ._ , i ». '.' .-' . i > . V. X '- ^ • J - .w. «../ ' # t.' ^'^t ^ »> i. W . I. -.■ ~ '.J  ,' V. - i ^> ^J^ w A 

Speech v;js oftor i .torruptod ^;y u, pl-a:30, V-:-*: •. v:::7it :V] c^ 3tor.: oi" :ip^ l:.:.uf-e 

'-\t:-eri' ;-. II-^ tiVAn'''od the 

:o hc:^or ..hovTi 
hir: und proudly C'lled 'iti.e:.tic:^. tc t;::^ .v.orie-.:. fl -\ v.::-.ich Judjo i.^^rel v:ith 

1^_ T T __._X.f .._ .1.. ■!_ J"* •»-_.!. _i. . :i ^A. . . 2. i 



-TD 



■_t . J. a. o*.. J 









cn 



•• r^ -^ ,■% -^'i - 



Anu 01' 



Ill 


H 




I A 1 


b 


III 


A 




I C 






IV 







- 4 - BOHJIIJIAIT 

Denni Hlas atel> Feb. 24, 1912. 

/vfter the conclusion of Count Luetzow's speech, Dr. Jaroslav -2. S. 

Vojan stepped forward to present the Count with a certificate of 
honorary menbership in the Cesky Umelecky KLub (Bohemian Arts Club) of 
Chicago. Then President Harry Pratt Judson v/as introduced. He mentioned 
that yesterday afternoon the University of Chicago v/as honored by the ^ 
distinguished guest, Count Luetzow, v;ho had done such an excellent job of <^ 
acquainting tlie audience with the glorious history of the Czech people. He r- 
also said that, with the exception of the time several years ago v/hen he -x^ 
visited Prague, he never saw so many distinguished Czechs gathered together 
as there v/ere on this occasion. President Judson spoke at length about 

iiiufiigrants and the significance of so desirable an Lmmigrant element as the 
Czechs. 



The next speaker introduced to the gathering was Mrs* jilla Flagg Young. Her 
speech was given the closest attention. Mrs. Young said that she became 
acquainted with Czech children twenty-five years ago in the Throop and 



5D 



Ill H - 5 - BOrLg.:iiaT 

I A 1 b 

III A Denni Hlasatel^ Feb. 24, 1912. 

I C 

IV Longfellow schools, and from that time on she has had the opportunity 

to tollcTff the raental and physical ability of Czech youth. She declared 
emphatically that the Czech language should be a subject of study in the high 

schools. If you want these children to become good ^imerican citizens, provide ^ 

them with an opportunity to learn their mother tongue and to become ac- 2 

quainted v;ith the history of their parent s» native land. Have them instructed ^c:^ 

in the history and literature of the old homeland, and in that v;ay you will p 

also make good and great /unericans of them. "Zl 



The excellent speech of Lirs. Young vj-js often interrupted by storms of applause, ^ 
and when she concluded, Lr. Langasarian came for/;ard and spoke with enthu- g 
siasm about the history of the Czech people and their valiant struggle for cJt 
spiritual freedom. The next speaker introduced wa.^ Prof. Herbert A. Miller, who 
described the fervor with v/hich he is studying the Czech language and Czech 
history and ardently recoroniended the introduction of the Czech language as a 
course of study in the public schools. lie said that it would prove to be 
advantageous to introduce the study of the Czech language, not only in the 



Ill K - 6 - BOHII.JiiI' 

I A 1 b 

III A Deriiii Hlasat el. Feb. 24, 1912. 

I c 

IV high schocls, but in all grades of the elenentury schools in neighbor- 
hoods v;here the Czech population predor.iinates# He also expresvsed the 

hope that the Cesko-^-jnericka Narodni Rada (Eohemian-/jr.ericar! National Council) 

v/ill not cease in its efforts until the Czech lan^ua^e becomes a course of 

study at least in the hich schools • ^ 

The next speaker was Mr. -Snrique S# Vraz, vmo^e speech in th - Czech language ,^^ 

was indeed the high point of the evening. He spoke v/ith profound feeling fZ 

about the work of Count Luetzcw, thankinc him and his wife for their visit tl 

to .jaerica and assurinc theifL that all Czech-Anerica fully appreciates the g 
imDortance of this mission in the interest of the Czech cause* L!r« Tr'^z greeted^ 

thr-Ti and bade then farewell, but he expressed the firni hope that the Count v;as ^ 
not leaving Chicago forever. 



C/1 



Count Luetzcw was moved by the fervent v.'ords of Mr# Vraz and with apparent 
emotion thanked him for his ardent i.ianifestaticn of recognition and sincere 
friendship. It was II:;: 30 when the last spealcer concluded, and the toast- 
master. Judge Itirel, brought the banquet to an end by vashing the guests good 
niglit. 



Ill H BOHEMI/^N 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel , Feb* 21, 1912. 

COUNT FRiiNTlSEA LliETZOv; ARRIVES IN CHICAGO 

That famous guest of Czech-America, Count Frantisek Luetzow, was heartily- 
welcomed upon his arrival in Chicago yesterday. The entire local Czech 
population awaited his coming with great interest and enthusiasm* Count 
Luetzow is visiting in Chicago after having delivered a successful lecture 
at the University of Michigan. 

The arrival of the Count and his wife was scheduled for 3:30 P* Kl., and 
long before that time representatives of the Ceska-iunericka Tiskova 
Kancelar (Bohemian-American Press Bureau) and many coxintryiaen who desired 
to welcome the distinguished guests had gathered at the depot. So far as 
we were able to ascertain, the following were present: Messrs. Karel 
Vopicka, Beranek, F. J. Skala, Karel Fucik, James F. Stepina, Kolacek, 
Bachman, Otto Kubin, Lev. Lera:ido Zelenka, Bevka, Egermayer, and many 
others • • • • . 








Ill H - 2 - BOHSIvH/iN 

IV 

Dennl Hlasatel , Feb. 21, 1913. 

The guests were accompanied by Dr. Jaroslav E* S. Vojan and Messrs. 
Kaspar, Geringer, and Jos. A. Holpuch. The latter, a former student at 
the University of Michigan, had taken part in the lecture at Ann Arbor, 
Michigan. The committee originally intended to escort the guests to the 
Congress Hotel v/here the official welcoming ceremony was to have taken 
place, but due to the apparent fatigue of the Countess, this plan was 
abandoned. Instead the guests were taken to the large waiting room at 
the depot v;here the Count and his v/ife desired to meet their countrymen. 
They shook hands with everybody and manifested unaffected pleasure over 
the evident sincerity of the Chicago Czechs 

After the introductions were completed, the committee escorted the guests 
to waiting automobiles in which they were taken to the Congress Hotel. 
The committee accompanied them to the hotel and shortly thereafter took 
leave of our guests, for both the Count and his v/ife v/ere very much in 
need of rest after their tiresome journey. 




Ill H POTI^^TAl^ 

III B 2 

Dennl Illasatel , Feb. 10, 1912. 

pt^^pa:^^tio!:s B^iir, vatt^ to ^.TRLCOr.'^^ 
chuimT frat^'tis^ ixt^.tzov: 

An irriDortant meetinr^ was held vesterday bv the Cesko-A^iericka Tiskova Kancelar 
(Bohamian-ATierican Press Bureau) in t.he Ceska Peseda (Bohamian Club). Under 

discussion were preparations for the welcoming of Count Frantisek Luetzov; and F= 

his wife. The main point of discussion v/as the banquet to be .'^iven on <^ 

February 23 by the Cesko-A':ericka Tiskove Kancelar. The banquet will be held ^ 
in the Congress Hotel, and in a'"'ditiov to the Covernor, *.!ayor, judges, professors, 2 

and representatives of American journalism, it will be attended by t' e elite of ^ 

American and Bohemian-Anerican society. Invitations will be sent out T'ondav. -'^ 

en 

The Count will arrive in Chica^rc on February 12, 1912, anr? v/ill be the p:uest of 
r.!rs. T'cCoiinick the next day. 



■X5 
D3" 



Ill H 






II B 2 f 

II B 2 b 



Denni Hlasatel , July 28, 1911. 
GOLD l'Zi:GmAL :3DALLICI3 OF 'JHU IIAVLIGl^^K 

cj:L2BRA:rici-i ;/ill b'a s^t to pohs.:ia 



Yesterday afternoon v;e were visi:.ed by I..r, harel I.'alik, T^he jeweler. L:r. 
Llalik has issued at his o\-m expense beautiful medallions bearin^^ in 
relief the Havlicek monu^ment in Douglas lark. The medallions are in 
the shape of a watch fob charrri for men, and a medallion v/ith red and 
white ribbons for the ladies. Lr. Lalik had several of these medallions 
made of {genuine fourteen karat gold, Tvvo of these he wanted to give to 
speakers of other nationalities durin-- our festivities; namely, L.'ayor 
Harrison and governor Deneen, three he v/anted to send to Bohemians, one 
to the national . useuia, one to the L'aprstek I. Museum, and one to sculptor 
otrachovsky, the creator of the Havlicek statue. lecause :.r, Malik's 
intention v/as misunderstood on the part of the rLrrangements Committee, 
or rather some of its members, he decided to sell Lho two medallions 
which had been intended for -he speakers and donate the profits vvhich 




Ill II - 2 - ■C:i.2'l.-!' 

II B 2 f 

II i:, 2 b Denni 'Ilas^atel, July 28, 1911. 

v/ill be about thirty dollars to soirie good cause, to ..he BoLenian Liberal 
^reethought/ schools. There is no doubt that this chanf^e of intention 
v;ill meet v;ith the approval oi" every sincere Bohemian because it is not 
knovm v/hether or not this beautiful and si^^nificant p:ift v/ould really 
be appreciated by people of other nationalities, but that the sum of sev- 
eral uen dollcir bills v;ill be welcomed by the management of our often 
forgotten schools. Of that, ohere need not be a moment's doubt. The 
other three medallions which are intended for the museums and the sculptor, 
Strachovsky, v/ill be turned over to the president of the Bohemian-i^::erican 
national Council so that he may forward themi to their destination. 



BOHEMIAN 



  "1 



'' ;: f 



III H 

II A 3 d (1) 

II B 1 c (1) Denni Hlgsatel ^ Doc* 27, 1910. 

II B 2 d (1) 

III G 

NE./ THEATIilCAL COl^AITY BEING PREPARED IN BOHEl.JA FOR A TOUR OF AI^KICA. 

?♦ 1-col. 7— Bohemian-Americans will surely receive with satisfaction t^e report that 
one of the best Bohemian theatrical companies, known as the Prochazka i.lale Artist 
Ensemble, is prepeuring itself for a tour of America. 

We have b^en informed that this company will arrive here to play during the next season* 

The company has already selected its repertoire for the tour, con^DOsed of plays which 
have been successfully performed upon the Bohemian stage. The company promises to 
show us how far Bohemian dramatic art has progressed, and its members, aware of the 
inoportanee of such a task, are preparing themselves for it with confidence and 
enthusiasm. 



Ill H - 2 - BCHSIvUAN 

II A 3 d (l) 

II B 1 c (1) Deiir.i Hlasatel . Jec. 27, 1910. 

II B 2 d (l) 

III G 









Our readerB will be interested to learn that one member of the troupe was formerly 
an anateur actor and also a reporter for this paper — l«Ir. Frant. Kovarik. l^. 
Kovarik was a distinguished actor and devoted to Bohemian drama» 

For this reason he traveled to Bohemia to become a professional actor. 

The company plans to produce about seven plays in Chicago and several in New York, 
Cleveland, and cities west of Chicago, 

V/e have been asked by the management of this company to extend an invitation to 
all those who can aid, as for instance in the providing of halls or other premises 
suitable for the production of plays. 

Any one who would like to do something to help in this matter should coiimunicate 
with the secretary of the Jirkovsky-Herein Theatrical Company in Praguso 



Ill H BOHi::i.:iAi; 

I c 

IV Denni Illasatel t Dec. 20, I9IO. 

I 2: 

I B o a DRUGGIST ilCNSIK .UvD DR, F:^A PRCTiiLT ..GAINST Tlil uIlCLn^ 

RiiTICKS OF DR, ROS •: V/ISTIIN ABCUT CCNriTICN? Ill BCHTMIA 

P.l — The statements made about conditions in Boheniia by Dr. Rose '.7i stein, 
who has returned from a tvvo-year visit to that country, were denied by Bo- 
nemian- Americans yesterday. Dr. Wistein traveled to her mother country 
for the purpose, as she said, of uplifting her sax there. 

"The women of Bohemia enjoy as many privileges and receive as much atten- 
tion as American women," said Dr. J. F. Fara, of 35^3 V/est T^venty-sixth 
Street. "I believe that the standard of morality in Bohemia is a little 
bit higher than in America." 

Prank Konsik, a druggist at 3333 '"est ?v;enty-sixth Street, said: "Cur Bo- 
hemian women are renowned for their motherliness. Bohemian men do not treat 
their v/omen any \vorse than do men of other nationalities.** 

Even the American press has printed this report, and it thus becomes neces- 



III H - 2 - BOHEMIAN 
I C 

IV Deoni Hlasatel , Dec. 20, I9IC. 

sary tc point out that Bohemian men are not "barbarians, as people of other 
nationalities might think that they were, since one of our ovm people has '^^ 
cast reflections upon our race. If some one v/ho makes claims to leader- 
ship among us expresses a burning desire to aid the enslaved Bohemian v/omen, 
he or she casts an unfair reflection upon our nationality before other na- - 
tionalities, v;e are thereby represented as ignorainuscs whose eyes have just ^: 
been opened by our immigration to America. In Bohemia live thousands of 
educated and enlightened v/omen, who have no need to travel to America to "^ 
acquire intelligence. Their activities v;ill surely suffice for the preser- ;1 
vation and elevation of Bohemian v:omen and of the Bohemian people, especial- 
ly since they v/ork quietly and do nothing of which they need to be ashamed 
before the people of other races. 



TTT 



BOHEMIAN 



II .% ^ D 

^^^ ^ ^ Dennl Hlasatel, Oct* 22, 1910* 
JY 

aLLSLHAT-.D VIOLINIST ^RIVL^S IK CHICAGO FRGi.' BCH^^MIA 

?.2--Jaroslav Kccian, the celebrated violinistf was v/el corned yesterday af- 
ternoon in Chicago, arriving from the old homeland, Bohemia, to make another 
professional tour of America* 

Mr. Kocian, in good health and in splendid humor, arrived from llev/ York and 
was escorted to the residence of his friend, Ur. Bohumil Kryl, vice-presi- 
dent of the Michigan Central Railroad. At the railroad station he was v;el- 
comed by Dr. Vojan, manager of the C. ... T. K. (Bohemian-American press 
Bureau), v;ho also represented Denni Hlasatel and fvornost on this occasion. 

The young artist stated that he had had a pleasant journey both by sea and 
by rail, and he anticipatcjd with pleasure his visit to the Garden City, 
where he hus numerous friends and is much esoeemed. He had often th"U.?:ht 
of them, he said, in his travels through Russia, England, and Boheir ia and 
had ardently longed to revisit them. 






Denni Hlasatel, Get. 22, I9IO. 



After a short and friendly conversation v;nich v/£.s carried on v/hile he waited 
in vain for his ba^^age, which had probably been left at some other station, 
the young artist left with Hr. Kryl for the latter' s residence, v;here he 
will be entertained as a guest of honor. 



\- I - ' - I 

1^ V- J.4. ) ... X 



III H 

II D IC 

III B 2 Donni ia-:.sutel , Culy 10, I^IC. 

?•!, Col.2--Undcr this heaain^v-, v;e v;ish to SMbrr.it o. re ort of vestcrclay's 
contributions, fror.i various individuals and the rils'^n Bando-Concertina 
Club, for a .-.'lillion penny fund for the rcnoluttic rchccl in Boheriia, Con- 
tributions were :i;ad3 by the follov;inr: Joseph P.abusitz, Joseph ctrecha, 
John !:alecelc and the Pilsen Bandonian Concertinc; Club. 

:.:r. :.:artinel:, 2754 Central park j^ve., and ^'r. Ji^.-:j^s fupa, LlG ■".'• 25th I lace, 
also donated their share. 



ITT H 
III B 2 
II A 1 



BOIi/il^uI.iN 



Ik HGNC;; LF I-20FI':::C\ 1\ G. ":...^RYK':: ci:.Ti:.Tii ;ji:i.H:..Y 



?.2, .^ol.3--''i'ixt;/ ye£-r5 has elirpse.; since the clay 1 rcfessox: T. G. l.lasaryk 
\7as born, ir; a little cca'?.ui.ity of "oravia. 

The [_,reater part of his life ho had been confronted with troLiendous strur- 
(Ics to protect lus thourhts and ideas and in naay insLancos, forced to 
disaF;ree v.lth his ov/n friends oven p^rhai^s ma^in^; enemi'^is of therr-, because 
he could see no v;orthv;hile reason C their disa£:re.Tients \7ith hi.T.<, 

In Czechoslovakia^ on the evenin,^ of his birthday, his friends, including 
naiiy of his former enerr.ios, held a party in hi^ honor. They kncYJ now, 
that he is a great nan, who is not afraid to follov; his ovm proven ideas, 
v;hether it concerns politics or r 11- ion, uiiC tnoy acknovdccge his ability 
to be leader of men. 

Professor :,:asatvk is not a stran-cr in -%rica- -'e ha^ niarried an American 
v/oman and has many personal friends here, sone of v.hor. are his former rtudents. 
It is for this reason that v/e celebrated and i.onored tnis great BoheTiian 

man. 



p oil ]- 



■4» i. * •  



':eniii ^ilasutel. Apr. 18, I9IO. 



The Boher.iar: pecpl'-- of Cliicaro held c r.;eetin. in his aoncr, lu:..t evening, 
ct the Park oi rvut. ':ech?.* (nov; l:ncv;n unr^-^r t..c nunc o£ "^'vcrak :-ark) , 
Several proinincnt speakers present, spol:e of professor "usary'-c's achieve- 
nenls and of hiz sU'-cessful profreir in life, in ^.encral* "iss ,lixne -ddarns 
v;ho v;as to preside at this rnoetinr was unable to do so, b'..-Cuuse of sudden 
illness, but v/as re-oresented Vv ''iss ':. ' cDo^7cil v/ho is also v;ell-kncv;n. 



Ill H 
II B 1 a 



Denni -ac^atel, ;-.-r. 7» 1910 



':T '^..-/I 







•> '.- 



- .1--. J 



:c "'lezal:, a P.oh'r. ic<n tenor, n 






V c r V 3//^^; r ^ ssiv o at) l e ar anc e 
at the ..uditcriuiii last ni,^ ht. l-lis liucicnce \;us held cpell-round by his 
sin£;iiu: in Verdi' n: operi: Otallo end t^.^'^'^-^^'od to hir^ the loudoit applause, 
that has ever been heard in the . udltcrium. 



:.:r. 



^lezui: ic also appearing in anothc:- opera, Ln Doher.e, sin^inr cne 
role in the aft^jrnoon und the oth-^r in the t^vcninE;. He ii considered the 
"best :r.aster of his roles umonr all tne ner formers "because ho r:in['S them 
as the composers cf the operas intcn:'.od therr to he sun^;;, V'ith iiis aid 
the ^Metropolitan C^era foresees a suoces.fiil I'^^f-.ton* 



TTT IT 

J.± ::• 1 a 



!:'rTJ "^ 



cii.:.-i..n 



Denni Illasatel, Jan. 16, I9IC. 



p.? — Jaroslav i:cclan, fancu^ violin virtuoco, Kubelik's closest rival, vdll 
again under tulce an artistic tcur of :.niorica. The Dohe.nian land-leader and 
virtuoso, Bohurnir Kryl, offered him a contr:iCt for fifty concerts, -v/hich 
ICocian has £i£:ned. Those concerts v.lll "be ^iven in ^Tovember and Decenber 
I9IC, and January I9II1 in the nicst important cities fron i:ev/ York, to San 
Francisco, California. 



I — 






Cur countr^^.en, aiiiong v/honi Kocian has won many friends, by his cheerful, Lo 
cordial character, v;ill read tliis report v/ith pleasure. Kocian vv-ill sure- 1^0 
ly (^ain great success before the .-.nerican public and further insure his 
artistic triumph. 






Ill H BOHEMIAN 

II D 10 

III B 4 Denni Hlasatel . Jan. 8, 1909* 
I C 

^ ^ TO PREVENT THE SHEDDING OF SLAVONIC BLOOD. 

p. 9— Countryman, Bohemicuis and all you of the Slavic race! 

The Austrian Government which within its doioain oppresses the Slavic nations, 
attempting to Germanize them is reaching now into the Balkans. After the 
annexation of Bosnia and Herxegovina it is preparing for a war against Serbia and 
Montenegro. Bohemian, Moravian, and Slovak regiments are being transferred to 
the Serbian border. Again Slavic regiments are to fight for Austria in fratri- 
cidal struggle. Slavic brethren's blOod will be spilled; and why? In order 
that German political ambitions may subjugate one more ©xpanse of territory and 
rule it. 

Slavic men are to bear arms against their brethren of the Balkans* V/e must not 
remain indifferent to this danger, and we are therefore going to rise in mighty 
protest against this bloodshed among our races. 



Ill H • 2 - BOHELflAN 

II D 10 

III B 4 Dennl HIasatel . Jan, 8, 1909. 
I C 

If we permit the Austrian Government any longer to oppress, ravish, and murder the 
Slavic nations, then we deserve to be called the nation most destitute of honor 
and of character of all the nations of the world. In every town there is surely 
one who will undertake to call a meeting to aid our efforts in Chicago. 

: v_ 

Fellow-countrymen eind Slavic brethreni On Sunday the t^^ith of January at 2:30 
p. m. there will be a meeting in the Bohemian-American Hall on Eighteenth street, 
called by the Bohemian committee to gather all Slavic people, Croatians, Slovanians, 
Slovaks, and Serbs, who will all distribute literature for the oitiise among their 
countrymen. Therefore our duty demands that as many Bohemianf^Americans as can do 
so shall attend the meeting. 

We earnestly entreat all Bohemian journals to place themselves effectively at the 
disposal of this movement by urging collections for the in^risoned, the wounded, 
and those who have suffered damages at the hands of raving fanatics in the so-called 
•^closed German territory.'* Contributions will be accepted by the treasurer, 
Fr. Ring, 604 West Eighteenth street, Chicago. 



Ill H - 3 • BOHEMIAN 

II D 10 

III B 4 Denni Hlasatel t Jan. 8, 1909« 
I C 



Every Slavic man who resents the oppression of his race should attend the meeting 
on January lo. 

The permanent committee of the United Bohemian Societies. 



TT7 :* 

-i. ^ X ;. . 
-'  o 






Denni ].lys?At jI, !;^r 



1 9 '' -''^ 



i^'r- 






-•» • • ■» C "^ ' •'  T/^ 'T' "^^' " ' ''^ •  T -I 



\r. "vohous I:*vk, :fiio:^'i bu3i';e';3 in located • t, li^^li,:. ..;tr';iet :... lot- Place* 

advised, while I ere ■^\ 'i^Yif^ 5'.J: lol.orii^tii-l: .oricai iokola i/o^t, '^o introduce to 
Pra^-ue tho excGlLint ^:;:':o>:sJ. ^r^cort^l : :e^:i ••roi'ice^ 'b^ 

•  '" 1 ri v^ • ^ 1" • f*» '" \> c '^ ' . \ "* f •"( K> ■•r "</•■■•■ r^ r ' 



>/-> 



Gr:CU3 ,.:.'.i^« 



? c? 



N 

^w* 



c - uaiiit hi. co, 



his ^-;'':.l c-i -c colxOc-"*ua« 



ZxinXz and c^-.la:::3. s- ur^are^. 1 r. d"k did not acc:;pt id.is a.; ?^n ord ;r, hut 
don^-ted this ::erCi.andiS'j instead. P rhr^ps nov/ no 0:i-3 v/ill a 

'' » '"' - r* i f* ' i ' '^•^■-» -'r'Vi^ Mot '""^ n 'TjO ; ^- 11". 1 "^ ,'"■ ' ) '^ riz-N'rc ; -^-^^i 

Pr-^^ue. ^ C'.n proully ^^-y th'^r; vr^ '\-i, :';,ood, or '.^aybc: ev^n "b6i:t:ir, '^\\.n "^hose 
produced in Pra^^ue* 



w^.'.;rD t; ." '.ore 321 
^ .. . '^-.^.v c.c :.nc:;j th.r/ have in 



Ill H 

III 3 2 

II B 3 Denni Hlapatel ^ Anr. 17, 1907 • 

SXCUKSIGi: TO C2i:CHC3LUV.i?:iii. 



BO:iZi:i^L 



^6 



p. 1 — Chicago Bohemians, the inajority of zheid Sokol?, held a nefiting last evenin 
to rrake necessary arranq;prnents for a conter.iplated excurpion xo Gzeclioslovakia 
in the near future. 

Lr. Polivka presided at this meetin;^ which consisted of ei^^ity T)erFonz^ who v/ere 
interested in joining this excur-sion. 

It v/as announced and approved thut the ^'^^orth Gorrran Lloyd Stearaship Line v/ouJd 
be used during this excursion, and the Bohemian stearrship ticket office of J. F. 
Skala ^' Co. v/as recorjnt;nded as the rest capable to handle tlie reservations. It 
v/as a-^rend upon to reserve one hundred (lOO) cabins of v/hich seventy (70) were 
already reserved by these who were sure to join tliis excursion. The other thirty 
^30) cabins were held for those who were expected to join later. 



: * 






\: 



- 2 • BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasgtel , Apr. 17, 1907. 

Tlie excursion is to leave Chicago on June 1, 1907, and v/ill step to viev/ the 
Niagara Falls the following day and will continue on that sar.ie evening going 
east to New York, fror where it would sp.il on June 3, 1907. 

A farev/ell banquet was tc be given at a later date at which all members of the 
excursion v;ere requested to be present. The proceeds of this banquet is to be 
taken to Prague, Czechoslovakia, by an appointed coi'inittee consisting of 
prominent Bohemians who are participating in the excursion. There this fund 
is to b^^ donated tc sc:.e v/orth'^ cause v/hicii would benefit the homeland. 

* 

Tne Bohemian people love to travel; therefore they visit their homeland quite 
often. 

The Bohemian Sokols (gymnastic organization) hold their meets rep;ularly in 
Prague, Czechoslovakia* This organization has nany branches in Chicago and 
other parts of the United States. 



ill H 

I^ b 1 e 



BOHEMIAN 






Denni Hlasatel , liar. 31, 1907. 

MR. VLADISLAV FLORJANSKY. 

p« 2, col. 3.m During his tour of the United States this noted Bohemian operatic 
tenor honored us by stopping in Chicago* Ur« V* Florjansky is a forxner director 
of several European operas^ gaining most of his fame in Prague^ Czechoslovakia^ 
In Prague he had the reputation of an excellent operatic singer* He has a 
Icurge repertoirei consisting of about seventy operas* His ability was soon 
recognized by the largest opera houses of Europe which offered him attractive ^ 
contracts, but Mr* V. Florjansky always gave preference to his own people. ^ 

Now we find this artist on a concert tour of America. On his way to Chicago c.^ 

he has given Bohemian concerts in New York, Baltimore, Pittsburg, Cleveland, ^^ 

Buffeilo, Detroit, Cedar Rapids and many other eastern cities. His concerts £i 

were so well liked in these cities that he had to promise to repeat them on ^ 

his way back east* 1^5 

Mr* V. Florjansky is accompanied by Ifr. F. Veselsky, a young but very accom- 
plished pianist. Mr. F* Veselsky is a student of the Prague Conservatory and 
also studied piano in Vienna under the guidance of Professor Gruenfeld. 
Although he is young he has already gained fame during his tour of Czechoslovakia 
and England. Now he and Mr. V. Florjansky are rapidly winning acclaim for 



• 2 • BOHSKIAN 



Danni Hlasatel^ Mar* 31, 1907. 



their concerts in imerica* 



These two Bohemian artists will give their Chicago concert on April 7, 1907, ,1 
at the Czechoslovak-American Hall. It is expected that every Chicago Bohemian ^ 
will take the opportunity to hear these celebrated artists, especially the 
chance to hear the wonderful voice of Mr. V. Florjansky. The best way to show 
our gratitude would be to fill the hsill to capacity. 









4J< 



TTT 


TT 


•r •"- 

11 





Denni ::iasatel , Teh. PA, 190C. •■- ^ - -- - 

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rr.-."-. »i + >- -  T ,-'.•- i -n "- ",4- ' • : r» . .- .'t. ~ •: I'l'T i' 1 '•^ ' "^" p. 



XII H 
II A 3 b 
11^ ^ 






^enni ':1a: a 1;-^! , Pel. 11, I906. 

* 

?.I.--Irroncous opinions have leen circulating" in Dche^.i-xn circlor -alout the 
patriotic sentiment, of our rnuciciLin artist, J'an Kuoeli'-', in repMrd to as 
Bohe;;.iun-A:riericans. In r;Lan\* rosoects this sur)Dcsition was hazed uncn truth 
and the cause for this opinion v/as, that lorceli:: durin£ his ti^ne, v;as not 
the hind of man our countrymen v/ould have like''. hi.i to be. I'ubelik, on his 
entrance into the sociel^'' of aristocratic friends, benui to cool in his pa- 
triotic ent:.u3ias:r: and cur people '-ould net hear that, for their motto v;-::: 
Zuheli.: is a Bohemian; Ilabclih must be st^vod for the Bohemians* It v/as not 
altogether the fault of the artist alone that, he Ler.in to for£;et his countrv- 
m.cn, it ha':nened sim.'lv because o-'' the • ctivitics of certain reorle, v/iio are 
chiefly enemdcs of everythinr: Bohemian, v;i;o making use of their influence 
upon our Boherdan artist v;ished to deprive us of I'ubelik's friendship. That 
'.^r. Kubelil: did !:ot act in the mann'^r expec". cd b;^ our countrymen during; his 
first visix cabinet be held apainsL hi"i; ut .nat time, ho did not have as 
aiuch experience v.ith local conditions as he has today; he had been driven 
into an unfamiliar v;orld hy fate, and T^am.e Fortune lavishly sm.ilin* , show- 
ered him v.lt.. fame una crea'. success. For u younf m.an this wus i^lmost too 
sudden and he vras obli£;ed to nc[-l>.ct scne oi' his duties. Cur famous artist 



I > r ;: 



"^cnni ':luI^ul;ol» ?^t. 11, 1-C6. 



^. chunked. 'lib pLitriotic scnti- 



returns zo us, ciftcr thrje veurs, entir-'lv 
ment hd Tiered, in his ycuti;ful spirit, with reat ontimsiarr:: \:A to our 
Joy v/e can say, that only nov/ is ::uheli!-: Lcconin; a real '":ohe:ni*:n. Ter- 
haps it will ce held arainst us v/ron 1'-', ceca':5c^ v;e brinr ruch an ir^rartial 
c^-inicn a^^cut cir artist, liov.ever, the Dur ose cT this ^lara,^rar^h is to :-hovv 
Kubelik, to our peopl^., in his true li(;ht. "v^ry nution )-icr.ors its ^-re""^ 






The people of* other nations ;:oulc: feel t".:e losr of e:''.inent rr.en, ci' O'-^uai 
far.e, as deeply as v;e do. fur .*;eo::le are in t.c,.:.-^ res^rects, al -ost in^cn- 
siderate, in thuir desires. yov;ever, ''-he;.' ost-.-e:: our drtist too hi hi;-, 
to suffer his alienation in sil^n*e. Tc he sure, yuL^lil: is not a heredi- 
tary i^roD'-rt-' tc v/hich v;e urc cntitl-", -lov/over, h-^. i: our 



ount:r'-:^^.t^n. 



■^e 



3oho-'.ian and for tnat reason, v;e tu!:e sue.:  reut intere;-t: in ni::^. 



The concert beinr" five:, in the intereits of cur benevolent undertc<kin; s in 
Chica; o, cy c'^<n Zuhelih unr" "ilr^d.^ d'crny, at. the .'.uditoriu':, en the l&tn of 
this aontn, is for us the best proof, tnat Jubelih achnov/ledf^iiS the Bohemians 
and values the friendship of our country. .:en. Cur -^/xr^.y ^atrictic giants knov; 
fully '..'ell the sad conditions existin- a'-ion--: .■.n-.erica:i-'^oheyi 






 1 f 






' T 



Vi /^'TOTT ►'-->* -f- V> <-■  c: T  • .- I ,■:^ ^, '.-» v» *-.,'.. <-• '• T "1 1 c* m 1"* ' "^ r» r> "f" ^ ^ "i "^^ r^ r» •. - f , ''■ ^t^ /l -f-^ ^r. >■■ «" "> (O *'/~« r-^* T- '■> ,-:i 

1 i «J « ; t? W CI • L. . - »^- . O ^ I . ' X '^ J i 1 1 <-l - - V w • . -L 1. X C U i - X ■^ -^ L. '„ ^ 1 J. .1 O ' J . i * * <A i w L< .- . i >. .- • ^ ^ X U - v^ '. i a '- 

v;orld, v/h^ireuS Kucelil: rculizeci, taut i^ is bot^ .r t.o\. to talk ec luuch t;^nc -^' 

tc really aid -:\0V'^l'L^i ixwC. rin-^nci:-ll'.'; rue. r;t..triotir:^ neln^, luch r.icre than >: 
mere v/ords. Cur ..v.iLtLir d-icidtsd '.o -.rran^r. a concert for tlie benefit oT our Z 

v;elfare LiC . iviti-;S, for \vhio:i ho dcs^rvet .ho v;:.:r:::e^t reco^.nition, :::jb^lik :- 

proved by this action, Lhat he is u sincere and genuine r?che.:iixn. ^ov;, it .."■ 

is up to our ].ecolet to bo ccnscic.;3 o'2 their ':^at • -.n:^ on- a:-.d all, accord- 
ing- tc their ability, to strive tc .:iahe the affair as rr-ut u mjic esi a^ 
p o s s i bl o • 

'.7e can no-.; cacv;, that '.vu ure nutionuii sts, in short, that v<e are ee^crvinf; 
of the nonors './nicn o^r yo-:n: artists re brin, in[; to us* -'ubelil: hat cone 
his duty as u Pohei-riun, no\; v;e :.ius"' do o.^r L^rt. 



Ill H 
II B 1 a 

II D 10 






p.l — That which the mo^t far.cus articts have not L.^acoeeded in and which they 
probably never v;ill succeed in doin^", v/us acco:n^:lished by our hubelik and 
our /!ilada. i-.t three concerts given in a short period of time, the colossal 
iiuditoriur. !!all, v;as so filled, that people v;ere turned away froni the box- 
office in droves. But Ilubelik and ''ilada Ccrnv, with the aid of enthusias- 
tic countrymen will accoiajlish even .T.ore. The'" w^ill fill the Auditorium 
again for the fourth and fifth tir.ie. i:ubolil:»s fourth concert will be ^iven 
next Sunday • A week fror. "ur.day, that is, on February iGth, these celebra- 
ted artists, in the same j_rcut concert hall, will aid in relievinr the suf- 
ferinr: of poor and forsaken countryr.^en, with a benefit performance, the pro- 
ceeds of which will be donated to the ::;ost ir;:portant Bohe.nian undertakinrs. 
Tho concert will attract thousands of countrymen, it is certain. The art of 
both these famous countrvmen enrautures and intoxicates everyone and those 
of us who can, will surely be at the Auditorium. The successes of Kubelik 
and :.:ilada are Bohemian successes; their fame is the fame of all of us. 




Ill H 

TT ~: 



BOHELIAK 



Denni Hlasatel , Jan. 26, 1906. 

THE BOHE^•JA^.' VIOLIl.' KiriG GAINED KE';/ FAl.lE IN HIS 
CONCERT AT THE AUDITORIUM, 






c» 



/ 



p. 1. Col. 5~Yo8terday Chicagoans were at last givori tne opportunity to hear again 
the most celebrated violinist of the present day, Jan Kubelik, who appeared at the 
Auditorium. 

This gigantic theatre was filled to capacity by the public, of which Bohemians formed 
a considerable percentage. 

As the tirae for Kubelik 's appearance drew near, the eagerness with which the public 
awaited him was apparent. As soon as his popular figure appeared on the stage, the 
Auditorium was shaken by a thunderous applause which was followed instantly by a 
tomb-like silence as soon as he raised his instrument and his accompanist seated 
himself at the piano. Immediately thereafter there sprang from his instrument a 
stream of pure tones, full of power and feeling, completely transporting the minds 
of the listeners into the mysterious realm of music. 



,''' •< 



- 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Dermi Hlasatel, Jan. 26, 1906. 



The progy^am was on the highest artistic level, containing such names as Bach, 
Handel, Ernst, Tchaikovski and Paganini. 

The raaster demonstrated to us with this his first perfornance in our city, that 
he is unsurpassable, that the judgement of the critics which follows him upon 
his second tour of America is deserved. 

Kubelik's success yesterday seems natural to us and we are rejoicing over it, for 
he is a Czech and only yesterday he becajne the object of admiration by the 
Americans. 

The next concert will be given at the Auditorium, at 2:30 o'clock, Saturday. 



ni H 



a 



B0H3MIAH 

B 2 f 
-u^ D 4 

jll ^ Denni Hlasatel t Jan. 16, 1906. 

II C 

^ ° EDITOR LAMENTS CZECH NATIONAL ATTITUDE* 



p. 3, col. 1.. Those who complsin about our indifference, such as is manifest 
in our public and social life, are mostly right. Just let us consider, how 
some years ago, when there were only about half as many Bohemians settled in 
Chicago as there are today, and they were not as well situated as they are 
today, hundreds of dollars were sent annually to the Central School Associa-* 
tion in Bohemia, and every action in the old country and here was supported 
generously. 

At that time, not only lodges, but individuals also contributed toward 
national undertakings. At present, here or there, some lodge still remembers 
the orphanage or our local Bohemian schools, some also remember to contribute 
a little for the Havlicek memorial, but the great majority of the public is 
indifferent, inattentive and miserly* It is to be especially regretted, that 
the Central School Association is being forgotten by us. 



The influence of the Association is recognized alike by friends and enemies 
of the Czech nation, and the complaints of the Association are serious* The 
CentrcLL School Association is the subject of all attacks by German National-* 
ists; these, at the same time, use it as an example among themselves when 



- 2 - BOHSaHAM 

Denni Hlasatel , Jan* 16, 1906» 

they wish to arouse their count rynen to work and sacrifice* 

Everyone yiho is interested in seeing the Bohemian race pex*petuated in its 
age-*old homeland, in that its possessions should not diminish, that its 
children do not become denationalized, should contribute according to his 
means to the beneficial work of the jbssociation. As is known, the leaders of 
our race in the old country are not doing an3rthing to preserve relatione 
between us and the lamd of our birth, to preserve the bonds which attract us 
to the homeland* But in spite of that, there has existed in Bohemia for 
decades the sincerest love toward us, the liveliest interest was manifested 
toward us* All of us know it, who followed the course of public events in 
Bohemia twenty or thirty years ago. With what pride we read the reports, 
when they appeared in the old coiaxtry newspapers, that Bohemian-^Americans had 
sent their contribution to the Association* 

One report reads s *^How we admired our brethren beyond the ocean, hour we 
rejoiced over their national consciousness, and how we were fortified by the 
knowledge that in America there dwelled a strong healthy branch of our nation* 
How enthusiastically we welcomed every Bohemian-American, irtio came to Bohemia, 
with what respect and love we looked upon him and especially how the missions 



- 3 - B0H3MIAN 

Denni Hlaaatel » Jan* 16 ^ 1906» 

from 4Ai08rica were welcomed!'* 

The memories of this even today are recalled by the participants with tears 
in their eyes and longing in their hearts* Today everyi^hing has changed^ 
both here and in Bohemia, -^e think only about ourselves ^ would that we 
might at least do that properly! We utterly neglect national undertakings 
in Bohemia* The people of Bohemia do not see in us those generous enthus-- 
lasts as formerly, and it is becoming indifferent toward us* 

Hlhen we read something about Bohemian-Americans in the newspapers of the old 
country, we notice that they never show admiration for our national conscious** 
ness any more, that they never bring out our sacrifices, but simply indicate 
how we measure everything in dollars, and iriiat practical Americans we are* 
These conditions certainly are not correct or sound* Uany among sayt *^First 
of all we must look after ourselves, the raising of our children, and our 
nationsLl and humane undertakings* ** 

That we should look after these things, and must, is self-evident; but it is 
Just as obvious that we must maintain enthusiasm for our old country, siqpport 
the most isqportant undertakii;igs there, and keep up an active interest* We 



- 4 • BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel ^ Jan* 16 ^ 1906« 

are a branch on the Bohemian tree and have life only so long as we are con- 
nected with the tree 9 so long as sap is being transfused from the common roots 
to our bodies^ aod so long as we also contribute our share to the nourishment ^ 
sustenance and strengthening of the iriiole race» 

We must keep up an ardent contact with the old country^ take an interest in 
everything that is happening there and help in that idiich is best and most 
important* If we destroy these ties we will wither and perish* 



Ill H 
II 3 1 a 



BOHEilLAN 



I 



Denni Klasatel^ Dec. 14, 1905 • 

BOHEMIAN MALE QUARTETTE IN PILSEN SOKOL HALL. 

p« 1, eol« 3** Yesterday evening in the Pilsen Sokol hall there wan actually 
a holiday evening, an evening such as is seldom offered for the enjoyment of 
the general public* A quartette of Bohemian vocal artists appeared there, vfao 
have gained world fame nhile toixring the world* The Bohemian quartette sang 
in Pilsen for the last time yesterday. For that reason, no lover of song, no 
lover of art, allowed the opportunity to hear them to pass. The Quartette 
prepared a surprising program for this farewell occasion* 

It is unnecessary to go into detail about the accomplishments of our artists* 
Many words of praise have been uttered about them; they do not need them, for 
their fame has reached all strata of the Bohemian people in this land and 
everyone knows on hearing the name of the Bohemian Quartette mentioned, that 
it pertains to four singers whose voices are firm as steel, ringing and 
crystal pure as a diamond, whose recitation is moving, overwhelming and irre^ 
sistable* 

This was demonstrated durii^g their appearance yesterday in Pilsen hall, where 
the public listened to them with rapt attention, calling them forth after each 



- 2 - BOHEMIAN 

• Denni Hlasatel ^ Dec* 14, 1905 • 

number with stormy applause. Our artists were generous to the public last 
night, for they gave an encore after almost every number. 

The quartette left the finest impression upon the listeners; they left a 
pleasant remembrance and at the same time leaving many admirers who will 
await their next visit in America with eagerness. The Bohemian Qucurtette 
will remain in Chicago until Sunday and will give two more concerts before 
their departiire. These concerts will be held Sunday afternoon in the hall 
at 48th and Honors Streets in Town of Lake and Sunday evening in the Sokol 
Chicago hall at 24th Street and Kedzie Avenue* That will be the final concert 
of the quartette in Chicago. ^Jhoever missed the opportunity of hearing them 
will have an opportunity to do so at these last concerts* 



Ill H 
II B 1 a 






'1 



. w >-<. > ^ a. J 



Mi . 



^■■— » 



-> r-x /- '-' 

' (  ' -. 






T 




V, .la 



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\ 

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"T- ^ r^ 






«w * «- 



rr» 



The 'u'liic .:.::■ nra-^tur-d. 









1 






Cu'"e LuO: to us &• ain ai'ter *^:rcr; 



' rr^ % 



■>—**. I f 



J.  -. 



irc:. cic " otiior ; ra^-ur , " tnrougn 









the puLlic* "vcr;^':no, ...^o 'lourrl ^l.e sinr:>"s  hr-:c ;'^-ars 'ex o, ciii with the 

:aun-; of tlieir frionds» cane to the concert, whiCi^ ;v:.: helc in '"Izechcrlovak 

hal . ut jS'- 'h. ICth Ct» If t:x TohcMiun Vocul 'u.^rtet .uiner: favor c-'iong 

us wil.:! their first ai:^'euru;iOe, .he;- incrcL.red it thi^ tirae. The entire 

T^ Y* r* Y* • . •"- -•'^o <: r* '^j V* "P 1 - f ' T" '"*. "^^ o* ' ^ 'n '. ;i ^ ^ * 7 •'" x:** • r* o '^^ ! c -i- c- n f'* . * -^ <^' ^' ~ ^'\'^ t * r^T* v Vi ^ "^" T* ^» :j ^- ^^^ 

the hall eCiioec v;ith i:hu..d'3rou:- a'v^laui^-:; uft^r ::ucn aonoarunce. 



h'e must D.d::iit that o';r ^*uocts hcve dcuhloa tnoir ^^iOpuloTity through: yester- 

le shuli hec:.r ;-he:'. a^ cin sev^^ral tirae^, 



da\''b uOT)6aranc^ . nu ./e ho^:--, triat 



Iv^foro thev cepurt frc:n our ''/.riierican '"r<:;ue" ( ''''■:ii<^:^i'o\ , -'v^rvonG of ur 




;nni 



las^tel, .\ar. jl^ 19^^ 



'or th0c2 old "be-utiful f ci::-.:5cn,:£, 



yearns 

all of then for us, 



( i; 



7 •»-■, rr <~» 






rG ntVG 



r^cz 






jet. 






vy 



cunf 



•;;- cr-:; infcrnec, that the :?oho-iun Voci^l uartct v/ill c^ppeur in our "Cesku 
Culifo:-niu, " hcv/^vcr. '.re ex- ect L :t.t ufiorwurci, the;^' v;ill urpear in^cur 
»'?ilsen" once :.:ore. Y'^rterdav' s ontertuin::ent v/us '..n enjoyable afrair. 
Let us hope, v;e shall have the —me pleasure a f;:vv/ -ore ti..xs, v;hile the 
Bohe^nian "uartet sc'-ovirns ainon^" us. 




rn 



III H BOHSsg 

""""■""" Denni Hlasatel , June 4, 1904, p. 1 

/daughter of prof. MA3ARYK AT UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO/ v .^, , v , 

The office of Hlasatel was honored yesterday by the visit of Miss Alice G. 
Masaryk, the daughter of orofessor T. G. Masaryk, who is known to all of us. 
Miss Masaryk recently "began a one year course of study at the University of 
Chicav-o. ^e were oleased to recognize in Miss I.!asaryk a lady possessed of a 
general education and pleasin^^ appearance. Miss Masaryk has a thorough command 
of English, ^=r;fl she should be able to master her studies with ease. She was 
escorted by Mr. Emil Bachinan. 



Ill H 
II B 1 a 



Dennl lllacatel, r^arc . 4, 1^03. 



Ec;:.A u:;i:-cv ir h>:k;:. 



ijLii J. -I^iA 





~\ W.P.A. 




The Bche.Tiian singer, P-oz^j TiMirov, v/hose laudublc r rit-:>":ion r'::-:3eds him, f^>^riv'--:d 
in Ciiica^c yesterdayt "^ o give '/.vo pjblic concert:.. .,•:••:: a ^rc>i oi privat perfor- 
luances before local rr.il 1 ionaires. 



liis arrival v;us announc^ad fur 5^^"^^ o* rlcck i-.'.. over tiie La^ie Saore ii.: tae Cr.-;.iid 
Centr^al "tation on Fiftii Avenue ^nd Harrison ." treet by Dv.'i^nt Ivtr;Wiuun, tu^ conc-.^rt 
manager. DeputHticns v/ere ::re£ent from the ""in/- in,^;^ rcciyty -ana frot tue '-inking 
Asrociation. There ./ere also the n'3v.'S])apor r-^jrosent^tives rro-g -lasi'tel , '"vcrnost, 
and Licove. 



However, when the New York train arrived, it was discovered th t the di^:tin£uished 
guest, who was expected, was not on board. Nevertiieless, a co.Ttnittee, v^hich was 
sent out to investigat'j, soon found out that Boz- '''drov ulrea "y was at t]v ./a iito- 
rium Hotel. He arrived at the Union .'"tation b way of tne Fennsylv^ani- Rai'lroad, 
where no one av;aited him. He thereforc^ left ii.L..'.j .i<telv witii the comrnittet:;, zo re- 



^2-^ 



Donni lUasatel^ ilarch 4, I903 






" " 



> / 



turn to the railroad depot, v/here he v/as v;ar:al;/ wvylcomed "by country.M^n present and 
thanked the., for "^he honor prepared for hi:;:. He promised to be present at an enter- 
tainment^ prepared in his honor "by the Bohemian . inain^" fociety, in the preriises cS 
the Bohemian V^orkin^men' s fin^ in^_ Society at I.:r. Toustka's ;.lace, 6l2-18th :"treet. 



i 



Ill H 
il B 1 a 



Bcir^iaiii] 



D enni Illasatelt Jan. 8, I903. 



kocia:; ih ciiic:;GO. 



■f:--S* 






The celebrcteu Bohemiun violinist, Jarosl Kocian, upon his arrival in (;hicu£.o early 
yesterday morning, was v/elcomed quietly but iieartily by rejrestntatives of tae Bo- 
heraian colony. 

Amon^; those present at the Union Depot, /idurns and (jlintoa Gtre^ts, -.vere ropreoenta- 
tives of tne Boiiemian rin^in£ Union* The Bo.ieTiitm joarauliL-tb v.ere re^.resented by 
L. J* Tupv for Hlasatel and Jar. Psanicka for "^vornost. 



X : 



Although the traint v/hich brou^nt our c lebrated country.aaii fron Cincinnati, arrivsd 
at 7:40 A.!:'., the delegations ware on time. 

This evening ^.0 will appear for the f ir: t time before the Thicafo public, and his 
country;/.v.ii, who live in this city, will surely atten-J this concert in lar^e nuibers. 
Friday evening Kocian v;ill be the i^uest of the Bohemian Cl.ib at a grand banquet. 



II D 10 






OT^A \iLl^./ rl\\JJ ,^;.:: - 



Svor nost , J-uiupry IP,^ 1893 • 



PHOCLAMA-;"!-:' TO ALL soHK :iA.;3 LiviMr: i:: C'M0i\!^^: a::]j i;: th-l] sta'.-^ of illi:'':i3. 

The aopvoint'=^ci reorss^nt-- tives of the 3(rhenian oeo-jle in our n-^ tive Irvnd have 
is^^ued a tnly touc'-'iinf: reqaect to nil Boh^^-nlan peo-ole, to all he- rts v;ho, 
thu3 frr, for the :-acred cp.ii9.p, of our n^-tionpls ha'/e so orr^rdfully been tried, 
to -'-rive u^ ?11 ch^rit?"^le ccllectinns of vrriouf^ ps^ocirticns and unite and 
offer all their t-lents, othr^rvrise devote'' to national ^uir")o:^e only, for the 
benefit of the Centr?l Liherrl Scho:"l r-n-^ the two national unions in Bohemia, 
which have founr^ the:n?elve^:' su-^.^enlv in a ^no'^t violent conflict ^ith thr^ a^e- 
ol'i dc!^tro7ers of Boherdan pio-:le, na^^ly, the Sennan?, and their unnatural 
allies, the "i^ohemian renev=^ades# In t'-Ar. ";ild struc^,-"le \7hich ha? hroken out, 
9-.nd, *7ho3e unf'vor-hln res'iltr. caulr easily he ill-f - ted to the life cf the 
entire Bohemian people, all f.ie moral pno mr.t-^ri?^l as'^ir.tance of our entire 
nation i^ r,p.^^de(^, '"e helieve that t'le Am^^rican-Boheuians :vill not n^^^lect 
their national duty, hecau*^*? th'^ir love for their beautiful Eohenian land rill 
a.c^ain fl^^re un 'vithin ther.% They will r:ive 'uth enthusiasr, accornin^^^ to their 
meanr,. 

"^or this re^'son, v/e are calling'; a general me tin^^ for Pri'^ay, Jpnuary 14, at 



Ill H 
II L 10 



o 



3oh::i:i.:iaii 



il^'^A {!LU PkOi ^or;^. 



Svoniost, January 1:3, 1898 



8 P.-:., in or(3er to undertake b definite or::::^ni2:aticn so th- t v/e may start 
activity. 



The manner in which ^ve intend to cfrry out this genprsl collection vidll be 
announced shortlv and ^e hone thnt it -vill neet ;^ith a-^-^nroVc-^l. 



Ill 









II B _, 

I G Chica^^oer ..rbwitor Zeitur: -, Se:.t# 13» 1887» ,^5. /i. i cf-.' .»>-'' 

.a ^» -.. ->» ^^v-5 f HI..; ' J.i. ^'i'." -' 

The Boheriiian Sokolists, (for wLorh .ve oiin not use the jjrr;;on tarni turners, out 
of re;^ard for our Cierrnan Turn brotherhood), have returned from the trip to 
their native land. In their ro^session is a vviluable z,arnet brou;''ht from 
Prague and intended as a gift to I'rs. Cleveland os a token of their ::.ost humble 
resieot* The :rarnet» 'vhioh is in the safe-keerdn^'* of \dol!L;h Ecstner, will be 
sent to I. rs. Cleveland this week, unless the Bohemian Turners ueoide to dispose 
of the Lreoious stone in some other vay. 




BOHEIvJAN 

III H 

II A 3 d (1} /^ , 

Svornost, i\iay 28, 1885 • (2 rl.Pi^ p] 

THE THEATCR SHIP. 

Durin^ the whole of last year tnere was u raovement ainong the i^ohemian citizens 
of Chicago to arrange a general excursion to the old country; the originators of 
tnis idea worked hard, until t.iey ro;alized their undertaking w.ien the time came 
to start the journey, numerous -ohemianti arrived in Chica^^o from all we&tern 
states, I'iebraska, Kansus, .Visconsin, Iowa, l^dssouri; and so forth, to Join the 
excursion which is starting from Chicc;.go. The management of the excursion was in 
the hands of ivr. loroas Krai and Ivr. ii'rant Cemus of Chicago. The participants 
gatnered together yesterday at 6 P»M. at the corner of 19th and korgan wits. 
accompanied by eight local Bohemian socieuies. The members of the excuri3i-.n, 
numbering 200-<JbO people, i.arched in a gay procesifi .n to the Grand Trunk Depot, 
onere to board a train for New York, a fev; short farewell speeches were delivered. 

The nain destination of .he excursion is tue Bohemian capital, Prague, an the 
visiting of the ne;v national tneuter tnere, erected and opened for the public last 
year. 






BOIiE!.aAN 



Svornost, ?ay 28, 1885. 

This xheater, l^arodni Divadlo, will hav'3 gala perf ornances , arranged especially 
in honor of the guestr, from .he United Staxes. 




It is understood, ohat the members of the excursion will visit t ;eir families 
abroad ar^d their birtnplaces. 



Ill H 
II B 3 






^IIAIT 



Svornost, Feb. 6, 1S^<2 



3Gh:^:..IA:. OPEliATIC STAR 



r 






The pc'.?£t foiirteeri da^rc*, '"e had, in Chicr^jo, t.e Johe^df^ji Oper^l^i'*! Strr, Lis? 

Kalasovf , of ?rr^ie. -.iiss Kal'sov:^ ip r dis^tinj'Ufil'ie I f^oloist nit' the 

".' .•^T)'? efjon C:^erp. Gomppnv", ot r-rwise •:nov/n rs "Her 'r.iestj's C )er^> Gorajany". 



Tlie diKtingrais/ied rrtist honor 
Sohols) a"n^'te-jrs hy aLtendiri-_, 



ea 






tt 



— •w' J. « 



o'ed 



Sokcl'' (u-^rnnastic 'Jnion 



,rr 



ir \iaFq-ae '.all on hf:' 



-r 1/ : ! 



Ill H 






IVP 



Wh OIU I'kxyj. ■M'.^ 



Svornort , i^^ent. 1?, 12:i 



CHICAOC) 3oh-'Ma:" citiZ:::js a:,j thj: naiioi^al T;-:2:atr]^ n: fra'XIii: 

« 

bone of o'or Cnic^ei'O Bohemian Citizens' called -> ouolic noetin-^ for y«s:terday 
afternoon, trie purpose of m.ich ?;as to elect -^ com-::itte'=* for the coll'^ction 
of conirib-.itions to ti.e rehiildin^; of the i'ationrl Theatre of Pra.£pae wldch 
vvr^s deetrojeci b/ fire a short ti-e a,^-o. Alth.ou^^i the rneetin-^ was in "behalf 
of p noble purpoj^e, there were in attend ^^nce only aoout one hundred citir:ens, 
amon.; them five or six ladies, 

'■i-he elaborate "Slovak 3and", under t: e direction of ^.r. J. Ko^-ila, rendered 
several selections -fter '^^\^\q:':.^ ^-^r. I'r. hoi ^r colled ti.e meeting to order. 
rie ?aid th' t every hrother in Bohemia h,--^s already .;i=^en, in or her to heln in 
the rehiildinj-; or" tne nnfort^mr tely 'b^rrned hational Theatre and t-iat if^ the 
duty of Bohemians in Araericr to follov: thif- ox'^r^-^^'^ e. At t'';e reqnest of * r. 
Kolar, a c^airnan, a secret-'^rv r-nd treasurer were elected. 



It was resolved that all money he rent to the Jirectors of tne Gomnittee for 
rehuildin.-; the i'heatre in PraiT-xe at one ti':e, tl.at ever/ donor "be achno^'O ed ".d 
hy na':e end. in .-mount in the Chicago ne^rspapers. 



IV, RSPRii:S5INTATIV£ 
INDIVIDUALS 




•"». f»^t-->-Mr-»'r'r<irtr;«' ^.^ft."'!. '"^l'»/.!Pr 



IV BQHHvIIAN 

II A 1 

it B i d (^1 Tomas Ca^ek, Nase Amerlka (Our America), 

II A 2 Prague: Orbis, 1926, pi:. 315-316 

III H 

Dr. J.E.S. Vojan, a journalist, is a cultural worker who has few equals in 
Bohemian America. Although an attorney graduated at the Prague University, 
he devotes much of his time to nuric. 

Hi :^ columns, which appear in various publications, have many enthusiastic 
and Interested readers. Doctor Vojan* c style has a tone nf conciliation 
and even tolerance that in the time of Pastor, and even Bittner, would have 
been pilloried as a v;eakness or as tiniidity before the antagonist. 

Vojan' s Bohemian-American letters are very valuable. In 1908 he corripiled 
a large Nev; York Guide, containing valuable information and illustrations. 




- 2 - B0HH3JIAN 

Tomas Gapek, Nase Amerlka (Our America) 

Born in 1872, in Prague, Czechoslovakia, Doctor Vojan is still in the oest 
creative period and v/e expect more valuable work frora him in the future* 

7/hen he was director of the Bohemian -American Press Office, he had several 
timely and valuable ideas. For example, his riillion-cent collection for 
the benefit of schools in his mother land; the su^igestion to take a census 
of Bohemians, giving their original languar^e and descendance; and many 
other valuable undertakings. 

He "^ame to America in 1904 and tv;o years later engaged in journalism. He 
worked for sevaral New York publishers, spending about ten years at this 
work. Since 1914, he has been in charge of the advertising department of 
the Triners Bitter V/ine Company, in Chicago. He writes also columns for 
American publications. • 









±w 



"-. /" >" ~ ** "T" ■* '' 



X .1. ^-x i^ 









v/ - i_ > J^-' 



On October rOth, 1;*?:^, i:. thu city oi* Chiv:o.;:o, 111., Cr:<:..e3 F. oteiina passed 
av7ay. e ;;as ii con::. restively younj man as far as vigorous, non co« lie v/as 
onlv a babe in r;ms v/.ien he arrived in i:e;; York v;ith his ocront.^ in 186^- fron 
his birthplace i;i Bohoi.iia — Ilutna Iiora, 

"Don^t o:-:pect i.ie to accept the residency of this neetinc unless that (Austrian) 
shield is renoved fron this :ial]/' thundred *'Jm'^ ^tepiiia on July 26, 1914, 
in a neetinp callc^d to protest ar;ai::st t/e .'aistrian course tov;nrd Serbia. 

That, probably, iira^ t:ie turnin,; point i:i tiie attiLDde of ;j.:ericar.s of Gi:echo- 
slovah ori 'i::, for, v.ith the tearinj do'-.n and ti'ai'.plin* u;on that shield anidst 
the ho\;lino a:id JLjerin" bodlaju, tneir piir;.ose v;as firii-ly fi::ed and fron it 
there ".^as no deviation. 

In all rob'bility "Jii.i" Jte .ina ;:as tlio cause of arousinj his countr^^nfn bo 



r^ 

►"^ 



IV 

II A 2 

III H rhe Czeclioslovai: lieviei;, Jan. 19^4 



nOIiilllAlI 



a liich pitcl: oi* 3:itIiU^ici3i: ; iiicli lod to tli^ .'reein:; of Czeciioslovakia. 

In 1870 t:.e faiiil:' noiJ-ecl fr-r.i ::ev; YoiS: to GhiCL\,jG and there younc "Jin" 
Steviiic, no orq ever referred to ".iia ot..er.;iso, ".as destined to v/orl: out 
one or the r.ost creiiit: ble car^ero in t;:e United States, 

Educated in tr^j ci'/'^s schools he cintered ty.e office of a noLarv "iDublic 
and about the -/ear 1880 o::ened .:is ov;n notarial office. Then ho entered 
actively into politics. 

In turn he v:as district coiru.dssioner, collector of ..est To;ai and pari: com- 
missioner of v.^ectern parhs. 

In the late nineties lie opened a real eutate office. In this he continued 
until 1911, vihozi he or^*anized the "fj-.ierican rotate :~ank, " one of the r.iost 
successful financial institutions of Chica^jo. Ke v;as its first cashier 
and soon becai.ie oresident in which office ^.e continued until his deaths 



lY - r> - 

II .i 2 

III :: The C::ec:i03lov:.i: .ioviev, Jan. 1924. 



Bo:i:i.:iAi^i 



Iiov;ever, ju. t a i:hort tine ago :.e arrcLjed for tlie cir:ial^'cj.:ation of tl:e 
**ri:.ierican ^.tate ..^uk" \/itli "Kaspar*3 .-ian::", thus i:iL.':eri:.lizin-: tLe largest 
financial inistitution in the v;orl'.1 ccitrolled by /jnericanG of Ci:ech03lovak 
i.train. Unfortunate r.^ ho .lid not live zo isee it actualT; put tl.rou.-h» 

Personally "Ji:.i" 3teoina ;.a3 a vury lihable iadividual. To tho^e \Jho caiae 
to /oiov: hiin he ;:as a nan of f iT^r^^ ecnvictior.c, stern principles, and sterlino 
qualities. He loved .-ii.erica as no ifian of i'orei.:^^- birth loved it. Yet, -athal, 
he loved his birth-jlace in ]-ohenia, -..it.h feiTor seldoii ev^alled, altlx^udi he 
never sav: it laitil in 1922 Mhor^ he aid his first \'isit to free Czechoslovakia 
in .:hose causa he sacrificed so much. 

Possessed of a charitable disposition, he \/as free i:i helping v;orthy causes. 
His pride and — he nade no secret oi! it — v:as l.is './or^: in behalf of Czechoslovak 
freedon. .aid for this he is entitled to all the credit tliat t.iis ;;orld can 
bestow; u^.on '/An. Yet, there :.ere sorr.e .ho tried to deny hL^i the credit v;hich 
'/as hcnorabl'- his. 






C>- . ■■,» .--r •. >»■» 



II .i 2 

III :i 



The Czec::Oslofvak .<eviev;, Jan. 1924. 



'./hen Count Liet::.o.. vijittjd this country' ::iany years a.jo to lecture on Bohemia, 
it ^."as '♦Jill" otepina v;ho, ;;it-. the £i:ianuel Beranek, savr to it that t'le ^jriericau 
puV^lic v;ai* iT.de faniliar :;ith Bohonia, 

friendship iieant nore to "Jiri" Bte^^ina than i.iere acquaintance. He valued it 
acove all else. Unfortunately a fanily t^racedy — in fact, several — placed the 
cuo of bitterne:^s to his li*os and he '.as forced to take inanv dee-o draughts 
from it. 



Undoubtedly, "Lhis hastened his oiid. 

3te"'"dna \;aj one of the leaders and largest su-rjorters of thu cult called 
"^vobodo-niyseny^' (Liberal thinkers). Be v.as a :.:ason and held iiienbershiy in 
nany other orcanizations. Be v;as ^o.:ul::r and a friend of Jev/s and Gentiles, 
Liberals and Catholics. 



IV 

II 

III H 



JCIIEI'I/ilT 



O 



The Czechoslovak .:eviev;, Tan, lOPA. 



Ajueric-i has lost a loy^l son. Gzechojlovariia ha., lost a stc.-uiich friend, 
ririericans of Czechoslovak s'orain liavo lost a leader v/ho v.-as at once 
o'ora.-eous, firm, nonoraijle and dete'^Tiin^d. 






^'Of Ctepina iz r.iay be properly said that t;:ere \*as no worthy uii'.'.ertahin^ 
v/hich did not recei^^e his support/' '..rites 3vet (Cleveland, Gliio) . ''hot 
only v;as liis heart open to every jood, noble endeavor, I'Ut also his purse. 
The first larje ai.iount contributed for the freedon of Czechoslovakia ca:.ie 
fron hin." 



^^Tiie v;hole Czech ^u.ieric:., aiid c:very v/orthy undertahin. y and effort, has 
sustained a loss throujh the .leath of J. F. otepina.'' 

'^otepina '.:as an exerri^.^lary .jierican, .^roud of his nev/ homeland, but his heart 
v/as also loyal to the nation from ;7idch he sprang"! -./rites 3vornost (Chicago, 
111.) "He './as a jenerous supporter of national and Czechoslovak novonents 
and lie had many friends a:aon>j the Jugoslavs v;ho..e endeavors he xJillin^^ly 
suoported." 



I ■! BOHilBlAU 

III J jL-n:.i Hlrsatel, !:ov. r, 19-:;. 

oictwire Ox i.r. ..il'.iam K'- f^-o^^rT 

Iv-r. '..iilirjn K^sper, lounj-^r r.n.i -ore^idont oi tl.c Knrcr^r Strte ^an'c, Drs^ed 
pv;^'y yesLerci^y, ^-na v.e -lerceive ^riih srcineGS the ti.irii'iir:^ r'-nks of our oioncerf^ 
.•vfter 'aii'iic^^lt "jut succesr-iu '. crreers ihey lerve, oue by one; ..ut v^-iey Icrve 
uO t.'.tiir orOrtijiy rvnd Cxieir countrvinen s:hini:i.'' exrijioles oi -Ovirseverrnce , i^dur- 
:ry, entr. rprij^-e , r-nu ?^1- the othi r c-Tut'ful virtuce^ • ixiCii rciovried their 

Perhr-os -jhe jlde^^t Bohejnian oiorief:r, coti* r-s re-*Rras v-^.^ye r:n'.' len,:;tii of sojourn 
in Oiiis^ .and, v-r- hr.. .illin:.: Kp^n^^r. He v;r'r one oi' tlie noj^i: succerf^ i^ul of our 
co^mtr; :nen, .or hr} lou-'ded r £tron^- hrn>inf: institiulon vhich ir-d. the full con- 
fiucnce of t-ie cntir-.- /Zz^'^ziij colony, co.rjirnain.r^ t:ie re?--oect of tht^ -il -hent 
linnncirl circi.es in tar hnited Strtes. l:Iver-'one "> ho /cne\v /r. K^?-oar ?-nvi v;ho 



1 V 

T V 



iOHEKIIAi: 










uO nir :?Dn, 



C^to Il-^s^ner, I'ive yerrr p./^o. i'::j.i^ . r. Ot:o Ivrrnrr not onl^ OLca^ne r vicc'- 
oresidont oi' ^his cnn>, jut: :^"'.sc ^l.e r,re?iu.ent oi the 'iop.rd. o:' director-?. Du 
in,^^ t-hr^t :'ive--c'^r iiitvri::) !"r. It^o Krror.r lerrne; to hold i-he ri. irir of tho 
r:ov:: rnnient o: -.ir h^nh rnc ^'1 II no*v c^ntinu*^ to he i':v:f htrci. 






tho"j.^.i hr. "..illia::; Ilrcorr uiilorded tij- herviefr curo^n of '";r\n<\-\-^'ie::t i:.:"^on 
u.*e SiiOuId- r? of ;iiv so;-:, ..e c^r.tinued to vorh in the hnnh; hit r)lers::nt smile 
greeted .v r;* cu?itOi7ier . hverronc ill uiisr: ::ho': t:^n;ilr; ever/ me -ill herr 
"or^irfvlly the los^r of tne o '.o .■-t::rLtlo:nen: cV'.-r-'one ^■ill mi^f^ hir s:.iilinr: iroe 

,c. >': ."^ . T ^ C ■? n f> ■:•  • .- ' •' -^ /-^ /^ 1 f- <^ -V .^ « i"p 11 «^ c * T r * ^» ' ri v- fT ~ ■»•• • t c .'^ .•k -s •>-• o p. c " T c "1 r> r; ^r 1 >T "• 

produced r nic^.c in ::..e old inrritution, r niche 'h^ieh vin be oiffio^ilt to 



IV 






II A : 

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JcnCii i:l?S'* "Ct ■- 



OV. 



1 G'-''-. 



Jill. ::ut r.s ve.rrcs- rll ;::e biisiirie^r rnptter?, t'.ie?>^.- ?l:rlL continue to oe 
../^ndled .;,' .::•. ijtto Xr.cn55>^ Lrndled in the c"r:e r^llc ^nC^ ^^rir^tl. 
^s v/rS t.:e v;orit of the oil .-^ent '.vrnrn. 












jxi £ re r= i 



•••»P C 1 — 



v.*. V. 11 \^ NX J ». - < w' t^ i ' • V O Cf " ^ » * A .. 4. i W . 















T:i Dn ironi r teT.norrl slee^ ro rv. t^tt-rnr-l one. :-ir rilrrent lp?.te'; onl.' 
.n^s, riid ..is demise ^'il-. cereiore ehocx our entir^i^ oullic: :or oui.si 
ii;.nedia^e ipnil;: no one in:"-.-ined tnr.t rAc condition ^"' ?■ ?o seriou? . It ^''J^ 



\.j 



Di -Cue 



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od i-n 'DnrOricnin/: n:v'-icri brcni':(^07'n. 






me cio,;r^'';~/' oi i.!r. .ilMnri Kprofr cont^^iiif^ mrin; interesting^ ?^nc enlirjitt-nin;: 
de.^'ture? p.nd ?:iou .d de recoroed in ccw.^il to le^'ve ni exp.:ar)le for ."^l- future 
i/C-nerr'^tionG . dr. dillir;.Ti I>oprr v.-- r> oorn in t..e town of Holice, donenir , on 



Seoiemder I, lc:of:; he ^Ued 



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he p^e of ei;d;t;.'-cevon yer^rs and ;v.o mouth?. He 



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journeyed :o eu^/rnit./. 

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^" • <^ '". 1 • ^" T.' c • ■•. r» ^"^ ^ " *Q r^ : • ' "\ c ■'^ r '^ Y* * C' f^- *~ r* * • c £? r * '•'i- •* > ■^ ■^ i~ >- . • o 1 ■• T I-' ^ r »". 1 T ri Vi 1 ■>" -. r> *"■ v 

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z^e Cf^ne ^o ^..icry;o in i::'j4. hert.' ..e : ourc. r Il'■Jur^^l.i!l • ':zc'i\e-v:iirr. ^etrlerient 
v::'iLC:i lio .ioirit^d rn:i in v-:.ic:i au •:i-ieci jo 'itilize i;: :novleci.*t; o: ir'n/air re ^n 
c jnci'^.ious , lo^*.. oi' v_ic.i .-e .••?i:iecl durin^' .:i? tli'^-i.-y-^rr rtrv i:: tie ^f?.: 



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: -OIIEMIW. 



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III 



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b * 1 















u:e:'e r i-e 'z^zvcv"- I 



coLiiit.r-.rien v/iio r^i l . 









loo/:inx unori him p.^ r- man :): exner-'cct ^n^. "cruir't, '^?k<^a h'T 






^I'^i'a t,.:ei 



c^'-riiiri -f . ^nis incuced ..in: iz o-^^cn r -orivrt-e "cprj": ^n Au.^:.rt, 18-^. 






jf l<peT)rr and Karel. 









O A i L/. v.; X 4 i V? U.-L J. 1 i •_ Jk • <• <-/ - J. .. J. Jt < - i u ^ i . .A. _ ^ 



:i^n'' Tiillion^' /i^ nol>=r^, r^n *'r. K^^snar t:)o":' cr-r-e 






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of ills deyu_, naSo :::ov; \.c lozzoor.ea , I\;o oi 

mom wi-t aeonrtcd one. 









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Vunerrl ? rviooi^ z:r :.r. i*. i:^::i Kasper * ill '^^e iield toriorrov, or turdr.;.-, rt 
K P. .-., nt, ixie I.lnfonic ..'^ll'on .'iii.^ra ^veuue. ihe OL?eo"jies: ^"ill cc ?-t t^ie 



-» 
^ 



es':<.y Narodni ..rlitov. ("^o^.enipn I'^ticn^. . Co\iet ry ) . ?he uncertr '<:inr estal:!!?. 



IV BOHEI.IIAIJ 

I A 2 a 

III C Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 11, 1922. 

TO HOIJOR THE I'ElUOm 01^' F. B. ZDRJBuK 

The lar^e assembly hall of the crenatory at the Cesky Narodni Hrbitov (Bohe- 
mian National Cemetery) was filled by our countryiaen yesterday who came in ^ 
spite of rain to honor the memory of F. B. Zdmibek. The memorial services ^ 
were organized by the Svobodna Obec (Bohemian Free Thought Community) , the F 
Illinois Grand Lod£;e of the Gesko-Slovansice rodporujici Spolky (Czecho-Sla- ^ 
vonic Benevolent Societies), the patronat Zdrubkovy Skoly (mana(^ing board of 
the F. B. Zdrubek ^^ohenian Free Thought/ School) , the Sokol Tabor Slovanske 
Lipy, and the Lincoln Lodge of the Spolky of which Zkirubok was a member* 

The program arran.^ed for the occasion pleased everyone. I.Ir» S« Erst^s play- 
ing of the organ v;as very artistic and filled the pauses between the numbers 
on the program* Mr. B. Simecek, vice-president of the board of delegates to 
the Hrbitov, was in charge of the ceremony. He opened the program with a very 



^3? 






TV — O _ "npir-T^'T A>' 

"a 2 a 

III C Denni Illosatel , Seyrt. 11, 1922. 

fine address, ar.d was follov;ed by Ctto Terrier, T^re.^ident of the orand lodp^e 
of the Spolky; Josef Lan.":- of the Sokol; and Vaclav J. I-etrzel}:a, the official 
orator for the Svobodna Cbec (/^oheiaian/rree Thoup'ht Conmunity). All of these 
men spoke about the significance of Zdrabek*s work and ::iade suggestions as to 
how to continue the work berun by him. AX'tor the conclusion of the T^rorram 
the entire fatherine"* v/ent to Klacel^s nonurient near which is located the urn 3 

oontaininc Sdrubek's a;;hes» A beautiful wreath, which v;as donated by the board 
of del erases, was placed upon the urn. Vr, v, p.ehak, secretary of the Cbec, 
and ^:r. Petrzelka, its official orator, spoke a/rain, and the services ended. 
ATiOnf: those who attended v/ere a nunber of old tiners, men wiio had belonged to 
the Free Thought ncvement for mf^ny years. !'any children of the Zdrubek School 
were also present, acconpaniod by ?'rs. i"^aeck, a teacher in that school. 



:33 
CD 

CO 



-• J 



I V 



BOHEMIAN 




II D 1 

The Cze chos lovak Review , Augpast, 19:^2- pa^^e 220 

J. V. LTPJAX 

In Chica^*o, IllinoiSt July r>th, 1322, Jaroslav V. Lanak died. He was 
an e«"litor of no mean ability and rei^iained such until his election as 
Secret'.ry of the "Bohemian Slavonic Benefit Society" in 1905. 

In spite of his 76 years he was active almost until the last. He was 
forced by il] health to resign his office in February of this year. 
His greatest services were rendered to the "C* S. 3« S#'' It was his 
one thought, one love and one ideal. 



IV 

II B 2 d (1) 

III C 






The Czechoslovak .review. I.ar,, 1^32:.. 

VACLAV VAIOI, J.D. 

One or the best. Known ana best liked ana at the sa:ie time the most democratic 
of ^iohemian uivines in America is the 'AeveTevA Vaclav Vanek. It may truly be 
said or hi:.! zh.t he has hosts oi frienas :;na rxOt a single eneny* This may be 
explained bj the fact that he has helped, lit^.-rtilly, thousands or countryraen 
throughout his eventful career. 

yir. Vauek was born at Domazlice, Bohemia, ..iay ol, 1932. Domazlice is on the 
Bavarian frontier an: the Bohemians livin^; ii t .at -.i strict are known as the 
Chods auv.. have been aistin^ui..he-L I'or centuries b taeir peculiar cialect '-^nd 
picturesque costumes, as well as their nard hea;.3. Of course, Lr. Vanek, in 
spite of his mild cliaracter and bi^: lieart, has much o:' the stubbornness of the 
Chods and he possesses in a l^r^^e measure their love for Bohemia and its lan- 
guage. 

In the ancient roval City of lomazlice there ii a ''g^'r.nasium'', school of ei^ht 



IV 

II B 2 d U) 

III C 



30Hi:/IA!^ 



The Czechoslovak Keviev/y ::ar., 192£, 



years' course - r^raduates beinvj admitted to sophoriore .^rade in cclle^j;e - to 
which the burghers and vealthy farmers I'ror. the .surrouridin.^; country sena their 
boys to go throu^-^Ja eight years o:" Latin and c;rsek -ind to prepare for the 
Pra^^e University. The father o:' Vaclav v/as a railroad man v:ith a none-too- 
generous salary. In urder that the yr-ung stu'lent ni/^'it coriplete his ei^'ht 
years' course, he wi3 .'orcc^-d to tutor students less gifted than himself. Upon 
graduation he set out for Pra^^ue v^here he tried to m^ke up his mind as to vvhat 
vocation he \v: uld select for his lifers v/ork* Thus he spent two years in the 
school of theoloj^y tna tv:o years in the school o. law. During all ^his time 
it was only with difficulty that he kept his young iippetite satisfied. About 
this time re^latives settled in Ghica-'O, Illinois, -na wrote to young Vanek 
about the great opportunities in xlnerica. Jo, in 1387, he packed his worldly 
possessions in a suitcase an'a set out for the United states, v;here u:)on his 
arrival he v;ent to Chica-:o. 



ike a great many other young Bohemians who cane to this country with unfinished 
niversity education, he found a living as a renorter o.i the ^hicg^^ske Lis ty, 
daily. The eaitor and proprietor of the publication v;as a very talented man 



Like 

uni 

a 



IV - 3 - boiilkia:: 

II B 2 d (1) 

III C T he Czechoslovak iteviev ;, yar#, 1922. 

with an unfortunate liking for liquor, '..'hile his paper vz-is popula.\ the 
editor, true to the traditir:i3 Oi' the ''Fourth Estate/' r.ever hai any money. 
On Saturday nights he paid his r porters flj.OO ana told them the balance o:.' 
their stioend v;oul-. be credited to then on his Dooks. 

Dr. Vanek wis a ^^ood journalist, :^na is one to this day. The snell of prin- 
ter's ink is still sweeter to him than t'ie perfumes of the Orient. It v;as 
v/liile v;orking on the Jhicagske Listy that he discovered th it the ministry 
was his true vocation, ne eu.-ol.ed for a theological course -it northwestern 
University, Zvanston, Illinois. In 18i^2, he became p-stor of Jan IIus v^hurch. 
Sawyer Avenue, corner 24th stre^-t, hicai-o. xhe church edifice standing nov; 
on this corner is the result of his efforts. It v;as during the panic of 1395, 
and subsequently, Ai t ->r. Vanek v/as afl'orded an opportunity to prove his love 
for the pour» ijurin?j this disastrous period he was the instrument by Vthich 
whole blocks of l>ohemian im ig ants, all out of v;ork r^ind witliout money, got 
er.ou-'h to eat ana to keep alive. 

.ihile still workin:^; on the Chica.^ske Lis ty anu studying at ^^orthv/estern Uni- 
ve.-sity, '.r. Vanek married, in 189'^^, : iss I'ary iiiha, who has been a faithful 



IV . 4 - BOHjv^Ix'iN 

II B 2 d (1) 

III C The Czechoslo v ak Pweview, !'ar,, 1922. 

and untlria.!.". helper t-j him ever since. They have six children. 

ICr. Vanek s-iould have never left ^hicc^^jo. But a c .11 came to him in 1894 
froi:i the Bohemian rresbyturian Church o:' I^ltiniore, :.arylaad, which he ac- 
cepted. Church buil'.in.'^d seen to he his 32}ecialty. <;hen he came to Balti- 
moi*e he I'ound -x congrega ion but no cuurcn. Heinr; a new man in the city 
it took him Tour years to collect e :ou:-:h r-ioiiey to erect a church on the 
corner of iis Manu Avenue .nd nshin^ton street, r^altimore. --nirin^ those 
years h3 was also editor an! publisher or a weekly reli^^lous paper c .lied ttie 
Kednota^ still romembe.-ea as the be-jt Bohemian relie^ious in /-jnerica* He 
continued publication until 1899, when his gro;7inc family made it impossible 
any longer to put a lar^e part of his jlcnder pastor* s salary into the in- 
ufficiently supported weekly. 






As a part of his v;or> as a j^astur in Baltimore, :.:r. Vanek visited the Locust 
lOint x^ier, ::o. 9, at which docked the weekly ships fro.. :3remen v,ith Bohenian 
imiai tyrants. Here he made many friends v;ho scattered all over the country^ 
but Yvtio still remember ^'.r. Vanek as the inan v;ho tiave them the I'irst assistance 
and aavice when they stepped on American soil, .'^^om this v;ork g^ew the 



IV - b . ' 

II 3 2 d (1) 

III C The CzechOolovai: Iievie v;^ :>;ar.» 1922, 



BOHD;iIAiC 



''Immigrant :Iorrie'\ opened i;i 1906, at the corner of Broadv/Liy and ^'adison 
streets, v^'here thousands were sheltered and aided in finding' v/ork. Charity 
and social v;elfare v/ere alv/ayj tv;o of -*r, «anek*s strong points, ^uring 
the 3uiai:ier he naintained a reoort Tor the children of the con^estel disti'ict 
of northeastern i^altimore, ''Dingley Bell" farrr. is renenibered v»ith much 
pleasure o\ the nov; younc '^en and v;oi::en v;ho, as ycun^^sters, spent the hot 
months or the ouminer in Fallston, La ry land. Then for the workers in Curtis 
3ay, ...aryland, he secured an old schoolhouse which he turned into a settle- 
ment* 

i?'ar beyond Baltimore his fane spiead during th'-se years and in 1909 he was 
called back to ^hicar_:o to undei.'tar:e reli^;ious work among the large niLnber of 
Bohemians in that city. Under :iis leadership was erected the '^Bohemian Set- 
tlement House'' on Racine Avenue at a cost of $40,000, and in the follcv;ing 
year the Hubbard Memorial Bohemian Presbyterian Church on la;vndale Avenue, 
of which he is now pastor, was opened. 

In 1915, Dubu'^ue (Iowa) University conft^rre.1 upon the r:everend Vanek, the 
honorary degree of Doctor of Jivinity in recognition of his v;ork ar.on^: the 



IV 

II B 2 d (1) 

III C 



- o - 



BOHiJ:iAN 



a 



The Czechoslovak l.eviev;. war,,192:;:» 



people, vnree times he has been a delegate to the i resbyteriaa General 

Assembly* 

Dr. Vanek never consiaoreo his pa:3toral duties confined to preaching and 
visiting the nenbers of his conr.ref^ation. He, i.i a true sc;nse and with- 
out the accoiTipanyinet blare of trurr.oets, is a iriinister to the pour. For 
twelve years he has been secretary of t:.e "Bohemian Charitable ^issociaticn'', 
one of the greatest of all Bohenian institutior.G in the united States* curing 
the .jorxa i,Var he ;vas secretary and chief executive worker of all the Chica .^'o 
v/ar charities. Incidentally he enjoys the distinction of marrying more cou- 
ples than any other miraster in Chicago. 

After a lanse of seventeen years Dr. and :'rs. Vanek are t^oing to revisit 
Bohemia. Unless he h.d somethin*: to do on the trip he Vvoulu not enjoy it, so 
they electej. him secretary or the **Bohemian I-^ujinessrienVs Tour" wnich is 
spon.iOrea by o ica^;o. He will receive a hearty velccme in ?r' *ue for he is 
lookeu upon as one oi the Fret- stant leaders in A.ierica and as the greatest 
charitable v;orker amon-T our people. 



« ».r 



XV - 7 - 30HJ.G: 

II 3 2 d (1) 

III c The Czechoslovak Revie.v ^ :..ar», 191^2. 

Though ae has been soliciting aiJ for r^is inariy charities ior many years, 
he is reputed tu have never bee:, turned aovn by any of the business men 
v;hom he has :ipproacheu Tor h:.lp, be he Catholic, .'rotestant, or Je«v. 
j.Vt.'rybody in ^nicic^o loves Dr. Vauek ror his sterling qualities anc big 
heart* i»hile sixty years old, hij step is ilrin -^nc iiis nind and body active 
:ie visits his ''Congregation**, conglomerate at best, with the sai:ie spirit 
and enthusiasm he possessed thirty years ago. 



•r "r - 

J. v 






'^C 



- T % »-^ r ' '^ ^ 
U.1 13 ^ u ^ o / 

II D 10 Hie Czechoolovak ^ ^eviev:, Cct. 19::1. 

-ix n 

Jliurl3j J« Voi^icka, tae cnly ^^jiericua of C::oc::oc;iova!: ori :in t 
hold a dipioii.atic poot ujicler L.:e Unitod ^tatOo, ■.:a3 born in Llie little 
villai;3 01' i>oL. libit;- (Dolni .ibic:-), near ^ra-ue, -^0:;-3 .la, x.ove..:bor ^^'j 
lc-L'7. Hi;.: fatner wa^ a rar:;*:jr an-., ruayor oi' :.'.'J coi^.unit;/. ^nat zao 
voyjuv^. nan had to ^eek hi^^ fortune eari'- is not to be v-onderud at, 
because the f ::ily e:)nsint-3c of* fourteen children, 

ri.iter attonain.j the local sch.-ols, ^hari*i. set cut 2ov rra:*uo '..hove he 
hoped to acqi^ire a business ed...cition. Posses :ed of a .^cod voice he 
san - in the choir of t>.3 i^enediccine ...ona ter" cmc. the :..cna ter" of 
i^rizov.:.ice, v.hicii enabled hi:t to ])a:' his board, rocii, clothin.f: ana 
have a snail ar.iount for pcchet nonciy, b';'3on the co:''pletion of his 
business studie: youn^; Vopicha secured a position as boohkeeper in a 
bre;;ery uhore he reiaainod for four ^'9ars, durin-;; 'diich tine he 
studied i''re::ch, -^n:lish and hus..;i'ui. 

Tne year lc80 finds ycun,j Vopicka in the ^nited states. ..fter spending; a 



I 



X . 



o 

'*«' 



— . - r ■■•• •• 7 
_Li^ 1. 



II i 



I: <o C 



II D 10 
II '^ 2 



J.XJ. -^ 






Trie Czociiuslovak :ievie\;, let. 19*:.l. 






cecar.e a: 



short ti-..e in HllcI .o ■:nd ..ilivCLUlree, ••iGcoa::i:i, lie decided 
seek his i\>vtne in Jhicaj^o, lili-^.ois, vvnere lu arrived in 
Ic^l, and ha^ :;i:ide ill:: h-:::e ever since. l:;i.iOdiatolv he 
.-iTierican citi::en. In t-ie fa^l ci* th:.t :'?ar he ror:..ed a p-rtner- 
shi-o ■■..ith ^.tto ..ubin under t:ie na::ir of vo'^^iclia 'Mid Ilubin, v:hich en^^arod 
in tae real e ta'^e and brinkin;: business until 1568  1^'ue tc a close 
application tc the al'iairs cf tne fir:; oy both p-^rtners the business 
procperer" tciC civic honor:-? be -an tc be shov;ered upon Mr. Vopicha. rrc:.i 
1&S4 until 1S07 :ie w'-is a ner.ber of the ChiC'i:*o -.esr. Park ^o:.ir:iission; 
frc;:i 19C1 until 1907 he ;v'as a neaber of the Chica:;c ^oarc. of -education; 
fro:.: 190- until 1904 he '.:as a rieinbor of the Ghica/jo -^oard of Local 
linproveiuent:-;; in 1906 and 1912 respectively, he served on the '-Jhica.:::© 
Charter Co.-j.iisoi:;n, ant. t.ie ^hica :o .vssociation of Go:r.orce, 



-:ibout this ti:.e he crjani::ec the .-itlas i:'re'.;inr; Gcnpany of Chic/.-jo and 
becair.e its President :i:id L...na_er. i?'or fo' r yours he served as :.i 
director of t:ie Kaspar -»tai.e ^:ank, Ohicajo, i^iid froci 1909 unoil 191^3 he 
vjas a ;::ei::ber of the Illinois l^unuf --icturers* .-issociriticn. In 190 ne :;as 
candidate for Oonjress for tae fifth district of I.;.linois on the I'ei.iocr-_.tic 



J. w 


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11 


Z c 


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10 


11 


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III : 


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(3) 

The Czec'iioslovx: "-QviG>'^, » C^'t. 1921. 

tici.jt, buc iie v;as dei'e.teci. 

Cn oepter.cer ..1, 191o, Ire iuer.-c •'il^cn a;)poi:.i/ec l..r. 'cpiclia 
as United -ta",es -inv> " -•;:traoruin:.r'^ :jid x..ini:->tor ilorii-cot ?ntiar" to 
Ruifxania, ^erbia and ^ul,;aria, .^ere iiis '..or:., exactin.f* enou^::;! in peace 
ti:.es, wa3 j.iace dcubiy dirricuit. cy ulie o-.tbre:/.: of tae ^re t .-ar. 
.^dded. to tae celicate situ:-.tio:i ^^iiioli :.as creaed u^' tne dailv sna;:^pin^ 
of diplo .a*^ic T^iireaas, there vas i. .pocoo u on hi:, the e:c;.ra aarardous 
tasl: of actin^^ as Jhairinan of tlie International Jo-.ais.^ion in Serbia, 
;v:iere he "..ac also representint^ the Oer.;:an r-.^t -cuistro-hiui.jarian interests. 
He ;.aG represe :tin^ i::'ritish ini-erests in ^ul,^ .ri.. and ^erinan and Turkish 
inoeresi:,s in :(u::iania. -•►eprssentin:: nine nations in -ucharest, during 
the ^er.r.cUi cccuD:.*.ion of that ciov, his life for four years was one of 
extraordinar-' activiov- -v^si -^'riY'ioe anc rullic ::traia, ^-^ctiar for -^ernanv 
anc Turkay ae h need their ultimiita-. to Ituriania. Likewise to iiiia fell 
the tasl-: of per-^'iiadinc several liimc'.rsd tliO'<s:^:id i^'ucsiu-.r; to rerr.ain in 
t:-ie trenches t^ ^^^^ .•-_,_, central Fo-vors to the bitter eiic. .^"ter th- 
terr:inaticn of hcstilities :and the conseouent res-n-ption of international 



( 



11 L 2 a (.3) 
II b 10 



I 



^L^ 



T T 



1 1 X ri 






' WX JL. 






:.i- 



cciid'.ctec varle-'s /cr tue vari 



cus 



a":enitie::, ..iii.oter .c^ icl:: 

■::o;;ers and has not .g1" a::.:isLec in tlie tasi: of building order 

o .:t of ch'ios and de tructi.n. In tne spring of 1S^.C, he resirned. 



Cn i'elruary 3, lc83, \:.v. Vojiclia raarried i.^ico ^ic;:ori:i ..uliri, a dau;;iiT:er c 
i..artin Ilubin, an or •;.ni. I of Jhic-^rc. ihev hi.d si;: children 



;.e is olso a :.iei.ber of t.:e ^hic c ^-^tlilitlc -^: cci-iticn; the -^^ \:th ohore 
Club; tne IrO'VuOiwS Club ;:n . th'j -oher.ian (Jesha i-e.:'e'wL...) 31ul;, all of dhic.\ 






C:.e of tne o*..tsta:xinc acco:.;plichr;ents of ...r. Vopicha, vjhile a rieaber of 
the Chicajo .-e.-:t rar;. Co. :: .ission, ;;ar: the erection of the or.^n nacatorinn 
cc-_nected "..ith ^ ,:yi:uiaoiui.., tne fir.::t tc be e ta.-lis:.ed in the ^^nited states 






Vcrjich'ii a:.:'" alv,a;'3 been pro.'.inont in tlie affair..: of the -ruMoricar.s cf 
3z;echcolovih cri^jin, he haJ oervod on ./.Uiorcus cciitteeo and helped 



in j;ian7 i;av3, Jurin;^ the v;ar he c uld do but little as his dii^loaatic 



.ic^.ever, ..hen 



tne 



poet reauirea a^i cl nis tiiie, ener r' anc ^-oren/'i-n. 

heever ca.i"^:.ii.:n to aid Czechcoloveh children v/as under \.:;': he served ac 



IV 




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^ ct. 






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Of 



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O.U3 silica 'o i>i 



■■J X. x k^ 'V 



^c 



A 0- 



^ . 1. </ \J ^ ^ 



v> • 



been untcia. ^i^iati they ..ill bo cf c iii^idcr- i^lo hi tcricul v^lue, becai.se 

in {^L.therin,: -li- nwtes rmd co:ruiin : ^'le:. in a b..v.l:, "^.ecret-: of the 
lulkcuiG^^ vihich will a r^esr vorv £ihortl". It ^rciiDos to ce one of i.he 
sensations in Great -ar lit^:rature. 



Since hio retirei^^nt fro:: ainlcnia-lc .:orh 



r. 



.0 ;iC::a na.:: :-ain ta^ion ut.^ 



4"» -V. 



Dusines. :jic is ncvj t-e neaa oi oae .v.ericua -r ders ^orporaticn. ..e is 
also intero::t2c in colvj.n:; the fin-inci-.l ^-^rocle^.s of v::echo:>lovahia anc is 
the active he :a of a concern -^laimiii;- tc builr a i.iC^orn /iot3l in Ira-ae. 



X 



.^ .X. X ^ . 

c' - ;- ^J.. . t • - •. . „.. . _ . ^ w .-.-' 

'-«- -^ •> i '• T''"'' .r>"'''f'  Ti T ■?"•'' ■►"* ' * --V-, . , "I • . r" .-. -i .if- -^ i .. \ Y\ "f-'-in"** •*• '-^ i-i :* o s\ i^y'^"^ ' r» i"* r'-— .r*' /~-^ ^*'*' 



IV BQiLr>.:i/jT 

III D 

Demi Hla^dtal , Dec. 20, 1920. 

.iLIBA33.\DCR CILIRLIlS J. V0PI0IL.»3 i:ZSIGiUriON ACGEPT11.D 

Ilr. Charles J. Vopiclia received a ccini:ianication fvori President uoodrov/ V/ilson 
yesterda:'', infonnin^-: hiiA that his re3ie;nation fror. the off ice of iijnbussador 
to the Balkan States had boon accepted. i>.s vve have reported previously, Ilr. 
Vopicka ./ill devote laost of his tr:ae to his co.iniorcial enterprises. 



-■0 









f. 



n 

IT (Jov.'ich) 






I :^ 5 



Deiuii^ !:iLtj3-itol, ::ov, 'or, i9r:o. 






Gur ZJountr^r^icin, Cori.:reooi.i:ir .jiclpL J". .Jabatli, He-eloctod 

.J.thou[;li Lit the la^t election r^opuLlic <: cundiuatoG ^'oi' :.rosi:ieuti';l, st.;to, 
and count7 ofric33 vrore ^ivon a c^oX :::ujorit7 of votes in .aII o/ tiio Caica;::o 
"vmrds, novorthelesu tliroe Do'.ocratic c :ndidate.: escaped the Ite^m'blican land- 
slide. '?.:o 01* thon ;;ere e-.ectod in distrlcta preponderant 1;; iniiabitod by 
Ozechc3loval:o, th-^t is, t.^o 7ourta and Ij'irth Gonjreaaional Distrietj, 
nen elected :;ore tne ■'•rese-it Gonr-reaanen Join. ..• 



• "n. 



j-liC? 



•iv-^ 



T ^-^ -..■». 



i.-.aney ^ona .^aoipn ^ • oacauii. 



In our 3t.,.to and in the United States in general, v;it;i f...-* robabla exception 
Oi the solidly De:..ocratic ooath, there :.;ere very i'ev; Doi^ocrats v/ho escaped 
the astonishin -. llapublican victory. L:\o Ox these fev; Dei.iocr ,tG v;. o are 
elected is Gon;:*res3r;an .^dolph J. oabath. Testerdv' it v;us reported that even 
he ::iay be defeated, but his friends v;ere iiopeful and, v;aen the find report 
C'ir;e in, they rejoiced in th3 haov/led -e th-.t his victor;/ v:as assured. ''Ulio 



-X3 



cry 



lY 



TI (Jo..i.Jh) 



i ]? 5 



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JIjUJ I J. -L. J.\ 



Deii^j^jIlaGjitel, ::ov. 4, 19:.:0 



finiil r-jpor^ shor:s thut Gon.ijressi.an oabath rsceivjd 13,^j07 votes, w'hile 
his opponent, I..r« C^urtenstein, reci^ivod IT., 706 vote3, v;:iich ;:ivo3 our 
Goni^:re33';ian a najority of 501 voterj. riiis, of cour:^-3, is not as large a 
jiiajority a.^ voters of the Fifth Oon-jreG.'ional District usudl^'- -ivj to 
Con-;;r:;;J3Man oabath, but coiiSiu.^riii;; t.i^.t ovjrv Donocrutic c mlidate v:-.is 
buried iinder the Republican Irmdjlido, the victor;; of our Conr:re3S!:ian is 
that liiuch More ro:.iarl:able# It is proof of the cer.eral confidence he envoys 
amon3 citizoas, u'hicii ...ot eve.: the 'eiier d desire to elect Ilardiii:- as our 
nresifleat could destro^-. 









It is apparent thjt a creat nuiiher oi' voters did not split t]:e lullot, did 
not tahe into cousideratioa the iiidivicLujl candidates, but voted a str-.i'jht 
Republican ticheL; .'oiid is a result, evei such an excellent candidate l.s 
Centre a snaii Jai;:es . c^^idrevjs v/as defeated by a ;:re...-c Majority. But I.r, 3abath 
v;as sup",.-orted by i.any citizens \ihOf reco:*niziny !iis .leritorious :;or]c during 
the lony ten,: oC his coayressional activitic::, ro-olected hiri. 



:>jt 



Con':'res.^;iaii oabatii v;as elected the first tii^io us a i.^enber o2 the jixtieth 



IV 


II B 2 f 


II D 10 


III B 2 


II D 5 


II D 4 


II D 5 


III C 


III H 



30Ka.:i;;N 

Denni ICLasatel, Feb. 27, 1920. 



r«i*' ~? 



On ITovember 25, 1919, in the Saint Hary of Nazareth Hospital, 1120 
Korth Leavitt Jtreet, one of our best-laiov/n countrjnnen, LIr. Emanuel 
Beranek, died after a long illness* Hocently his last v/ill and 
testament v.-as submitted to the Probate Court. Frora this last will 
and testament, it is apparent that I.j?» -<irii.'inuel Beranek, just like many 
other imnigrants, came to the United States comparatively poor and achieved 
a remarkable success, because the estate is estimated at ^95,000* I.ir# 
Emanuel Beranek 's last v;ill and tectament vms made and signed July 7, 1S17, 
and v/as v/itnessed by his associates in business: Lessrs. '..'onceslav ?. 

Jarosh, George 0. Jarosh, and l/illiam J. Jarosh, all of 1030 LIilv;aul:ee 
.-Lvenue* The Illinois Trust and Savings Bank is named as one executor and 
it v;ill also act as trustee. In this last will and testament of Ur. Beranek, 
mani;- of our Bohemian institutions are remembered, and these donations give 
evidence of his generosity. •••• 







IV - 2 - BOH::^.:i. 

Denni Illasiitol , Feb. ^7, 1.80. 

The benuests to our ^:ublic institutions are as follov.s: Seske Utulne a 
oirotcinci (the Boheman Old Poo le*s Ilorae and Orphana:::e) , .:l,OuO; Ceslco- 
slovenskemu ::arodnimu jdru'eni (the Ci^echoslova:: liaticnal .diiance), vl,000; 

Sokolu Cechie (tiie Bohenian il'alcon .association), ,)500; Ceske ±evecize opoiecnosti 
Lyra (the Bohemian .iin.-in.j: Society Lyra), ;-200; 5eske Dobrocinne JDolecnosti 
(the Bohemian Charitable .-.ssocia.tion) , -,'200; CoGke Opatrovnc (the ^-ohemian 
Children's Tlone), 200; ^druzcil Ceslz^/ch Jvobodoiayslnych 3kol (the ;j.li-i^co of 

Bohemian Rationaliotic ochools), ,j500; rCarel Jonas and Jan .jnos Komensicy '^kolam 
(the Karel Jonas and Jan x'jiios Goj.iinenius schools), ^:100 each; j^antisek B. 
Zdrubek okole (the Frank B. .^drubek School), ?100. .dtor:ether there v;ere about 
thirty beneficiaries, and ^LTiOn^?; hhe other recipients noned are: Ceske ITarodni 

IJuseuiri V l-raze (tae rational Iluseun in Irafme); the United ^ncciniprients IIo* 192 
of the Independent Order of Odd i^'ellov/s; the .^isterij of the Holy Faiuily, operat- 
inr^, the Jaint Mary of I.azareth Hospital, ^he aiaoiuits be^'ueathed to these in- 
stitutions are not .^iven/. The court hearinrj in record to this last v;ill .-ana 
test:arnent of I!r. Smanuel Berariek, v;ill be held scnetime in inril of this year. 




/ r- 



I B 1 

I G Denni Illasutel ^ Jcin. 20, 1920, 

I K 

Tiz: OLDJJT 11711. c> rj:^.:^ci: i:: giiICvGO ij a g:i^:ch 

Lirs, .->nna Eijri:?-n, livin:^ at 4948 Joutli ^eelcy .^.veniie, according: to tho 
results tb';s far of t he census talcen b3.' the United states coverniient , is 
the oldest, livinc person in GhiC!:.;o« This r^rand ola l:idv asserts that 
she is 103 years old. John J, Gaynor, director of the census in the dis- 
trict of Ghica'-o, ^ rjiounced vesterd y that according* to the r;rovious 
results of the census, llrs. 3iiri.'eji i:\ the oldest eri^.on thus far reported. 
I.:rs. Burian lives •..ith. her nephe::, Ix. Vaclav Lliotal:. The census collector, 
v;ho recistered this oldest peison in our cit^^ is I.Irs. Linnie Jlesin^er. 

L'-Ts. Burian stated that she v/ao born in Boh.enia in loIG, and iiiui^^rated to 
the United 3tates in 1875. This, reijeatedly, is a proof, "ho;, sound the 
Boheraicin root is.*' I.J?^. . Burian, in fact, is al:;.ost 104 years old, because 
around Uaster holidays she '..'ill corriplote t! -it year, and is stron^^ly con- 
vinced that this v.ill not be her last birthday celebration. 



IV - 2 - 3G':.::i.i i 

I B 1 

I C Deimi Hlasatel, Jan. £'C, 1920. 

I K 

For fort^T- yeurs, she had ^ived '.vith her husband, and during the 

IC'it forty years, Ghe has been a v;idov;. Jhe enjoys ^ood health, all the 
senses serve her well, e::cc3pt her eyesi.^:ht, v;hich is grov:inr :eak* She 
is the mother of six chilcren. I Irs. Burian, like aLnost all elderly 
woiien born in ":.he old country, ii:dul^x*r. l.i driii-.iii^: beer moderately, and 
cannot understand ..hy thi:: privile.^e has been rorbidden by the prohibition 
act, 

lira. Burian is an ar^ient reader or cie Bonemian nev/s.-apers, ^inu i'oIIot/s 

very closely all th-j public questions ..hich are to be settled, ohe is 

also convinced thar> v/onen shoula not i.^nj'^le in politics, but should devote 
all of their time to their ho:ies cjid families. 



IV BOtOO^ 

III H 

Denni Hlasatel , I'.ay 30, 1918. 

liASAHYi: DCZS IICT P'CHGET 

Ur. John A. Cervenka, one of the leaders in our political and social activities, 
suffered an accident at the last bazaar sponsored by the Czech l.'ational Alliance 
and the national Alliance of Czech Catholics. In a fall he split a bone in the r^ 
leg, which had previously been broken in several places in an automobile acci- -p 
dent. He is confined in the St. Anthony" Hospital. Professor LCasaryk recently 3 
paid a visit of condolence to his bedside, and expressed best wishes for the 
patient's speedy recovery. Lr. Cervenka v/as deeply jnoved and thanked Professor 
Llasaryk. He then remarked, with a smile, that he did not regret the accident 
now, since it brought him the honor of I.:asaryk*s visit. 






IV 

TI A 1 

II - 3 

17 (Je/.'ish) 






Jenni lU-isatal , Ar.r, 16, 1918 

JUDG.-; unLJii =aJRi:::d 

funeral an I.rirv res Give ^vent 



( 3u '1. .ar:^ ) 

It has OGjn a loir; time Ginca Czech Ghica^i;o and our r.ietropolis itself has 
been the scene of a burial 3o di;;niried in aspect and so charged with e.n.otion, 
thouc!;ii devoid of pomp, as the rites ./hicn ushered Jud^.e Joseph Z. Uhlir into 
eternal peace yastcrday ai*tjr.ioon. The display .vhich usually accoiapanies 
the burial of r:ien pro.iiinent in civic life /as 2iiissin£:. In its place there 
v/as a mood v/:iich shov;ed hov; deeply the nnurners were afrocted. They cajae 
fro:r. all walks o2 life: hi^i ofi'icials, professional .:ien, and i.-ierchants 
inin^.:led .vith people of s::iall business and trades. 



o 



ro 



Judge blilir died of pneur.ionia t?/o days af:o after an illness of only one 



IV - 2 - Bu-i.:.:i.\iT 

II A 1 

II B 3 Denrii lllasatel , Apr. 15, 1918. 

IV (J-ev/ish) 

-.veslc. vVith iiis T)a3Ging v;a lost the fir::t associate judge of ::he 
r.Iunicinal Court of Czech vies2ont. His sudden death caused pain_ ul surprise 
not only in our co-iununity, but also in the v;hola city. 

The events surrounding his death v;ere sad. The^ augr.iented the {^risf vjhicli 
soenied to reach a climax when the funeral procsssion passed tha house at 
2410 South Clifton Farlc Avenue. Thare lay the dead :rum*s .;ife, _rs. Caroline 
T.hlir, prostrate v;ith sorro/;. Up to th3 last T.o^ront she had insisted upon 
attending the funeral. l-0v;ev3r, ner physician had strictly forbidden her 
tc leave — not only because of her -.veakened syste::i, but also for the sake of 
her child, to v;nich she is expected to ctive birth scon, i.^oreover, the 
eldest son, a fifteen-year-old lad, also could not be present at his father's 
last journey, he ;yas gravely il-, soricrien .vith the saiie "-.reaclierous sick- 
ness which had doo-;.ed his father to the y.rave. ^nj.y tvvo C-iildren, six-year- 
old Caroline and three-year-old .jdward, could ,^p along .vith the r.iourners. 



^^ 



X V — ^:> — ^\^ ■'L.^.>i^-j\. 

II .. 1 

II 3 3 jonni [lasatel , Apr. 16, 191S. 

IV (Jev;ish) 

The initial rites .vere pcrior:,:ed in cha auditoriaM of 3ol:ol 
Chicago. Lar^re crov;ds con[:ra;/ated not o .ly bufore the building, hut all 
alone Jouth lledsis .-.venue hctv;een 23rd :<nd :34th Streets, The services /;ere 
scheduled Tor 2 1.:.. At tliat trae the large hall ivas overcrowded, .he 
thron.T.s .'.era held hack b:f a large detacirriont of the Ohica^o police and .vere 
also directed oy deput;- oailiffs, all ix\ uniroria, Tror. the LAinicipai Court. 
::r. .jiton J. 3er.ia>, chief bailiff of the Court, v/as in charge of the 
arrange.iients for the cere :cnies. 



•s 



fhe re.ains of the aeceased -vere placed in front of the stage a.iiidst count- w. 
less floral offerin'^s. ....e.-.bers of 3okol Chica{;:c, in So.:ol attire, stood 
as the c'-i^^^^ of honor at the bier of one of the founders of their Jokol 
f:;roup. fhe -oiie:.--iari Charitable .association, of .vhich the late judp;e v/as a 
charter iTieiiber, and na.erous other or-;ani nations to ;.hich no belonged or 
vvith vjho.TL he v;as acquainted, >;ere represented by delegations. There vere 



CO 

^^ 

cjr» 



II - 4 -  bo:....:li:: 

II .: 1 

-'^^ ^ «5 Denr.i Tilasatel, .'^'^r. 15, 191B. 
TJ (Je-.vi3h) 

Mason;3 and Boi' cicouts, anon- wliose t'ood friends the iudr-e had 
been countad; strong claiegations or Czech Ohicaso lawyers; and representatives 
of the entire Czech 3okol co:.miunity in large nimbers, 'Jotli i:he Democratic 
and :.epublican .vard orga:iir-ations hid sent their laeiioers. 

Judges or uLricst ever:,'' court in Chica.;30 adjourned aft^r a short morning ;^ 

sei^sion to ^ay their respects to their late colleague. All judicial depart- fz 
r.ents of tha city, county, and state yovernnients , anu other ofi'icials, re- 
.;^ardless of political affiliation, appeared, and so did :..ayor ..illiax Hale 
Thorripson, accompanied by man:" alder..ien. Officers of the Probate Court, 
over which Judge Uhiir presided for years, appear^^^ en -;l:iSso. Other Czech 
i.ien prominent in politics .nd public service ..ere Judge Jus. oabath, clerk 
of the Probate Cor/^t; John .^. Gervenka; Attorney c. Aerner; and others. 
Several privates a.jid .lon-coivjriissioned officers ca::e fro_:i C^^mp Crant, Aockford, 
Illinois, rhey also too": turns as niuards of honor. 






IV - 3 - BCISMI .^I 

II .^.1 

II B 3 Danni II I .satel , A.pr. 16, 191S. 

17 (Je;;ish) 

The cbsequios vera began by the Czech-;jr.e-:lcan quartat, v;nich 
sang -Troc Placeto .^ ]al-:ate.'* [•rn.y Jo le ..3ep and :3vOb?). ::r. Joseph rlacek, 
head of Sokol C^-.i.3ago, -.vas the rirsi: ol"' the speakers to uid farev/eil to the 
dead nan, v;ho v;as an old-tinie friend to hiii, a brother 3o ol, a sincere 
Cz3ch-.-.;ieriean to tha co:.unuiiit^' an^. one of tho30 v;ho heli^od found 3okol 
Chica^^-o tv/entr-six years a^o. I.ir. rl-cek quoted oho late judge as having 
reirjxrked to hi:i: "If only avei^" Czech jould belong to one or the otrier 
,:;ol:ol n-o*^?, the Csechs would fare :,iuch better, '^ 

After a dirj^e i^m-z by tho quarx^et. Chief justice ulson of the I.'unicipal Jourt 
described tho difficulties his collea-'-ue had to overcoiTie in building up a 
career; the chief justice paid higli tribute to his ability and diligence, <j 
v;hich plo^ced hin in the ranks of the best judges of his court* To Judge 
Uhlir goes the lion^s sharo of credit for the creation of the Court of 
JoTiOstic halations. rh(:! c:iief justice did not Torget to spea:: of his dead 
colleague* s inborn ::odesty and other pleasing traits of character. He 



IV 

II ;. 1 

II B 3 

IV (J^'.vish) 



o 



uJ.-iLa.^.lA 



1. y^ l-^-k wo Vi. 



.10 /. 



Denni Hlgsatel , Apr. 16, 1918. 
the sic.-: .icui callod for 'nis son, Tosepli, up to the 



very end. This son, for ..'box the fathe-* shouted i.i violent deliriun, is 
himself in a critical condition, ooing si^ittexi by the same sic-ciess >A?aich 
tool-: his lather's life. The iiian's last thoui^ht /;as with his raraly to ./hich 
he //as ever devoted. Oiiief Jur-tice Olson declared that ho .vould do his best 
to enlist the aid of others -^.nd accord the bereft faiiily the care that its 
head can ^ive no :::ore. ._^ is "ully conscious, ho concluded, that it ./ill not 
be po.'t^sible to ; ake up for tne jreat loss, but he considers it to be the duty 
of friends not to forr^ot the fanily that is now in dire distress. 

iieverend Vaclav Vanelc, a close friend, s.oke on the .late judco^s activities. 
■;:e laid stress on his patriotic sentiiaent as an ..Tie'ican of Czech descent. 
He described hov/ last Saturday, shortly before 11 .w : .,the sick iian sud- 
denly recovered fronr. his deiirian, and in a li^:ht moment spoke about the 
patrio-.ic duties oefore us and ho; .ve can fulfill theni. rie ;;as happy to 
be feeling better. Soon, hov/ever, he lapsed into eternal sleep. His :!iemor:)r 



( 



IV - 7 - iSu:t:..:iAi; 

II s^ 1 

II 3 5 Jenni Illasatol, .ipr. 16, 1913. 

JM (Jewish) 

will over be treasured. 

Tlio quartet iollov;od zhe spealrer v;it:i anotlior funeral scnc in the -in:2:lish 
language. This closed the rites in the hall. 

The casket .vas carried to the hearse b:; Chief Justice Olson and Judges I'lafferty, 
La Buy, Stelk, Goodnov/, Jarecrii, 3ooic, and --arasa. ';.'he funeral procession 
•ioved tnrough the heart of the ^^C^och California'* district to 25th Street 
and Crawford .-xvonue, and fro:r. there the carriages rode to the ohe.nian ..rcitional 
Cexetery 



I'he last rites v/ere i \itiated by the ..asonic quartet. The Order Caslav 
/a city in T^ohenia/ ^o. 2U5 oJ the Csecho-olavonic Aid -Joeiety ;/as repre- 
sented by a speaker. Ct.i^rs spoke for the .i sociaticn of Czeci Lawyers, 



* » 






17 - 

II .^ 1 

il ]: 5 Denni .ilasatel , .-.tdi*. 15, 1918. 

lY (J"3.vish) 

the 3]iica,^o Jar Jksscciation, md the criontal ^.odgo. Dalo^atos 
of the last-.;i3ntionod or^^ariization perforried ..asonic rites. Tlio re.r.aiiia of 
tli3 lato judcQ v/3re laid at rest in tha fa::iily vault after :.Ir. Vanek delivered 
the ::artiii^ v.-or-ds. 

Judge Uhlir is not anyone us any i.iore, but his mar.Lor:'' /Jill lin:-cr for a veiy 
lon(3 tirae. xhis v/ill be a ^^raat jorisol': tion to his poor far.iily. 



CO 



IV BCHEailAl^^ 

III G 

III H Denni Illasatel , Jan. 20, 1918. 

RSV.7iIiD OFiTERED TO CLIiLJt STaTUJ OF DR. loIGi 

An old and persistent bit of gossip has been raaking the rounds through all 
the Gzech->imerican settleiients in these critical times. In this gossip it 
is hinted that Dr. Fr, Iska, president of and speaker for the Czech 
Freethinkers* Community in Chicago, is a traitor to the old Czech homeland. 
They say that he took money for services rendered to the iiustrian Government 
to the detriment of the old homeland. Among patriotic people such practices, 
of course, would degrade him to the level of the scum of society and make it 
impossible for him to stand before Freethinking workers. c 



Pressure v/as exacted upon the Freethinkers' Community to have him ousted 
from its midst. The latter, however, v/aited until the charges could be 
substantiated. The Czech public here expected proof to be furnished soon 
after the accusations had been made. This proof of Dr. Iska's action has not 
been furnished as yet. Not even the courts, to v;hich this affair had been 
carried, were able to establish facts. 



CD 



IV - 2 - BOHSI^lIiiN 

III C 

III Fx Denni Hlasetel, Jan. 20, 1918. 



-t3 



The Freethinkers' Community in Chicago suffers great harm as a result of 

these accusations, for it is being looked down upon as the protector of a 

traitor to our old ho.^eland. % 

In its annual meeting held on Deceriiber 2, the Freethinkers* Community re- p 
solved to take steps for the acceleration of the investigation and 
definitely to establish the truth or the baselessness of the charges raised 
against Dr. Iska. To this end an amount of one thousand dollars was 
deposited in the '.7. Kaspar State Bank, to be paid to whoever furnishes irre- 
futable evidence for the charge that Dr. Iska accepted payments from the 
i^ustrian Governiaent for services performed for it in /jnerica for said emoliunents. 

If this fact cannot be established, the reward of one thousand dollars will 
be paid to the person v;ho can put the Freethinkers* Community upon the trail 
of the one v;ho sent the information about the charges to the Providence 
Journal (which published the accusations before the Chicago dailies). 



IV - 3 - BCIIE::iiJT 

III G 

III H Denni Hlasatel , Jan. 20, 1918* 

The Freethinkers* CoiruTiunity believes that "by heading in this direction it 

will discharge itself of its obligation to the Czech public and still not 

feel guilty of harboring in its laidst any traitors to the old homeland. ,_ 

It wants to be {guided by justice, v;ell av;are of the established rule that so 

no court can pronounce a party guilty before {^ailt has been established 

beyond reason^ible doubt. 



I — 



o^ 



The Freethinkers* Gonmunity takes a humanitarian attitude, one based on 
justice. ,vS long as incri;:iinating evidence is not established or the in- 
formant identified, the Corjaunity will stand behind Dr. Iska, deeiu him v^orthy ^^^ 
of being president and speaker for the Czech Freethinkers* GoLiraunity, and o- 
recognize his qualification for a top place in the ranks of Freethinker 
workers. 

Vi'hen the accused is proved guilty, the Community will do its duty and v/ill 
not suffer the culprit to remain under its roof any longer. 



lY - 4 - BCH5I.:ii''JI 

Til c 

III n Denni Klasatel , Jan. 20, 1915. 

The Freethinkers' Coirununity promises strictest privacy for any com- 
munication thjit may establish facts in either direction. For the 
Freethinkers' Community in Chicago, Illinois: Joseph Uejno, Jos. iJchroeter, 
Martin Nosek, Fr. otrunc, V. K. Soukup, J. Cizek—members of the committee 
on resolutions. 



o 

en 



IV BOHST-nAN 

I F 6 

IV (Jewish) Denni Hlasatel , Sept. 21, 1917. 

CZECH PRESIDES IN BIG TRIAL 

Judge George Kersten, chief justice of the criminal court of Cook County, 
appointed Judge Joseph Sabath to preside at the trial of Chief of Police 
Healy, who, with others, is accused of a conspiracy to obtain money il- 
legally for various favors. Judge Sabath was born in southern Bohemia, 



•vs.' ^ 

■>. .  ■- 






 <^ - 



I d 1 b 

II ;v 2 Den'-j r ' -.-•'.■^ .1 , I. a:- IV, 1917 









(Sui-.ary) 



One of our "eila •--^c^inci^^^r.on- v;idely }::.o.;r: in '< \ii' cc. ::U2:i'.v a3 .veil e3 in 
the eni-ire Czoch-_j:e:'ican .;orld, 1::. the real er^tace dealer :u:d no tar" public, 
jranl: J. hetru, -h.OGe oi^fic^ i Ic.ca .ed 1443 .'. lo".h htroe':, and v;ho re^^ides 
v/ith his fa il'- at i;;3':5 3. ol3t street, Ciooro, 111. 

lie ::a3 bci-n in Cliica^-o, D'^Cu:;b-^r, 1 -SO. his fxironts are Vaclav and ;:arie Pe- 
ti-u. At the ace of thirteen , havin; finished rTa:.u.ar school, ho becai:ie a 
nessenner boy for Lho fojtal fole'*raph Company, ho reiiiainec there seven :'ears, 
advar.einc to t!".c I^i^ho-;- po^iMcn i^ t' e bcc!:keopir:^ dei'j-rtront. .'hen he saw 
no fur^-her pro3p3Co of advarice^.rnt in that lar.^e corporation, he joined the 
staff of !'• 0. fton-::, one r,i' the fcnenost real octate fii\oo in GMcar-c, as di- 
rect rr of tleir ert Jide cli nt<;.'lo. 



IV - r^ - ::o:i:;.::i;: 

I D 1 b 

II A 2 De— i :'l-saT.-I , I'ay 17, 1917. 

Turinr Lin ten yeai\: c:"* e...plovr:>.en1: he soL"! nuch c:'* tLe j-rcperty ovnied by 
old settl-3i*s in tho :.oi;::.borhcodc of ^e?:oven, linker, H^lsLed, and d"V7olfth 
str':^ot3, -.-here : o clo.-ed :'0:.ie o:' -.io bir-^^est real?. 



He intended to y.o ir.tc business i'or :.r..^olf, -.Jid in order to ::.C'jiire an ed- 
ucational bac'i-^round he attended Bir.inf'liar.'i Golle-e for tv;o -^sars. In 1905 
he c^^^i'^^''^^^ :"ron a scl;COi o:^ bunineso lav;. 

Having: purchased -^roperty at 1441 ".'. 13^h .Jtreet, he established i:i:rG;jlf in 
business in 19>C. To liundled real estate, inmrancc, :uid loan^. ;.fter a 
ti:..c his C-?:"ice s}ace pi»oved inade .uaue and he e:a-)anded by buyin;;- adjacent 
property, and building additional o:;:^ice3. • . . . 

!Ir. ?etru via^ inLirir-ted vrf.th the sale of r.ub-aivisicns ov;ned by pro:':inent 

parties, e.y., Lev^^ Layer, "cses 7. .entv;orth, Jcsenh Viol, -li.z^a ?ov;ell, 

"T". '7. Phinn^^y, the hov;berry ].ibrary, etc. he l^as sold nore tiian 700 one-acre 



iJ i D 

lots in Lyons (v/est of rivorn-; ac) , IGO acres in La C/ro:\^,e, IGT J.ots in Jcuth 

Chlcacc, r!G2 lo-;.-: in the 'T'abcr rub- :ivi:^icn on 4::nd ;.V;nue - nd 14'oii otreet, 

and lot i:: in cLo l'av;t'.ome .-ub-divicion bet'7;vin ol.st ..tr-et r^nu IS::nd Avenue 
in CicGi'O, 

I'.T. ?etr,: ".us alv;a:;:: been an o "onenC' of nivate bankin-3 and luxS nev^r entered 
that business, althoui'h be has rec.^lvod i.iany 2^ro:..i.:in£; offers. Instead he 
deroloned hi:: ::ac -u^i intanco .;itb bid/^os ic.d • roriinent la^rrers 'vbcse re-ard for 
hi., ^'a3 instruiiental in bir a"^":'Ointn'?nt as receiver or aai .ini.^tratcr in 
nood nan^'' cases, 

lie carried biss ..j^na b, Jaibl in IjOG a::c. is ^-o:: the father of t..'C cliildren. 

:iis leisure ti .e to v/orl: ancnn c-"*" benevolent, nid, and buildin;; sociev.ics, 
be beion^:s to an :»ndle3:% nunber of societie , clubs and l0'b;:es, iiost of 
v;!iich have eiec-sed hi:.. ::.o "O. .e i.-roortant o:'fice. In" the recent ;.pril elections, 



.^ 4 



A 



^Q^rj'Lj; 



1 b 






^ O^ T~ T ^ '1 '"4 <'J '~t "*■ "^ ^ 



'''V 



.1. * 



*» ,'^ ^ 



^« • 



t'le '^ovr: of Cicero elected \lu z.z a tL'Mcton c:: tho ''chool Board. 



' ; 



IV 

iT E ii d (1) 

II A z 
I ? 5 

III D 



Denni Hlasatel, Apr, Ic,, 1£17 






boh:^; li.:. 



The district of Tov;n of Lake, densely populated v/ith Czechs, owes its 
rapid develop: ent to suverel :;.en, arr.o rr v;horr is one oi the best-liked 
and harc-v/orking ren. In business he is scru-'ulousiy honest, lie is 
Karel V« Janovskv. 



His endeavor has not only placed hii:. ancnf: the first ren in his dis- 
trict, but also in the business and socinl world of our city* 

!\'r. Janovskv was born on January i-7, 1676, in Blatna, Boher:ia. He v-'ent 
to school in his native tov.n, and rt "^he a,';e of thirteen emirrntec from 
Bohemia to follov- his elder broti.er who had settled in <^hica{;;o, and took 
quarters in the district of louii of Laiie. Ho first worked in zoive indus- 
trial 'Plants, and in ISVil v/orked as a tvoesetter lor the Chicap-ske Listv 
/JTaica'^o Hev/soaper/. x\fter its downfall, he opened a printinr shop with 



I t ftf 



IV - ^ - BOH??^KN 

IT B k: d (1) 

IT A z D^nni Hlasatei, Apr, li, 1917. 

I F 5 

III D his t:rother, "ohamil. Y'^ c*cnr"ucted t'.e business v/ith a short 

interruption . ntil the ••■.ur ce .v^een Snuin and the Tjnited States 
started. In ti.is strup.'-le, r'arcl V. J^anovsky enlisted in tlie ranks of 
Uncle San. In tiiose tiros, ho b6ca:..e very ;vell knov^n to ^-any of our 
reade:S v/ho anticipaxed with r.uoh interest his desccriptive articles sent 
regularly frcr; Key V/esx to trie D e nni : " 1 a s ate 1 . He returned to Chicaro at 
the close of the Var, and ev^r^z^ned in studies in the Athaenia, and in a 
Y» * • C. A. law course • 

!-r. Janovsky carried 'viss : ary T. Kl*-=kor. /'is activities at that tire 
included regular rer^ortinr for the .'"-enni Hlasatel. his enterprise prcnpted 
xiim to add to his business an o;*i'ice ^f notary jjublic and r-ec.l estate 
afiairs. his honesty and efficient' rfi o-. .. is stai.din'^ as a ran of 
business to a hip*h level, he has be^n h-3adinr his real es.ate office uo 
to the present at \6^c ..est Forty-oeve?v^h Stree , this location v;ill be 
chian-^ed sriortly to 1057 '.^est Fifty-first Street. ".lis rr.sidence is 5j43 



IV - c - 

II B :i d (1) 

II .'i ki De iini lilasat el, Apr, 1,;, Itl?. 

I F 5 

III D South ViCstem -oulovt-rC, '.vh*?re i.e lives in iis-'Pfy wsdlock v.-ith 

his ".vile. Lis &"ed, but still iivelv I'ati.er, !r. Vaclav 
Jancvslo', also lives ;viti hiri* 



BOK l.'.l^.lt 



The dcvolc;;: ent of the To*/ n of Laire district he ;:ianfc.Ked to achieve by 
means of five su -divisions v;i ich l,e snld to his iellovz-courtry: en, all 
of v;hom r.rc still residin.;; there, ^.cst o^ them fairly prosrerou; 



o 



Vr. Janovsky soon recofnizcd the irporta.vt art v.'hicl: the Cr.ocli-Arerican 
Aid Societies played i:: the natio'^al i..nd economic life of t:.e settle, s. 
He not only beca: o an ardent v.urkcr : or lie:-, bii^ •'€ founded tv.'o, and in 
one of these i:e held the office of secretary for a lonT tire. Credit is 
due him in thie r;rov;th of the settlorent, for he never ski.ired v;ith }iis 
valuable advice v.iiich he pave ~patis. '.'anr' a roor and ' elrless f^rily 
can bear out this acse.tion. 



IV - 4 - BOH'lMAU 

II 3 ^ d (1) 

II L z DenrS Hla satel^ iv-r. l!r, 1917. 
I F 5 

III D Ho v/onder :'r. Janovsicv's pDrularity is ?Trov;inr by leans and 

boundG wi.en one cor.Gidcrs r\,c.i Lc has riven so r.uch of his rir/ie 
tc social and na-cionai or "anizations. Today, there is li^rdiy one of 
then of v;hich he is not a : cr.ber, anc of v;i.ich h-^ has "^.ot toen an officer 
at one tire or r'ne other, lie i^ad oeen a vice-, rocideut in the ,7;ohemian 
Charitable Association, of tiie ^Id i^eor^le's .o.Te, and the ■.rohanare, lie 
also becr.ir.e a :.ci::\ber of thri ^j.^.r at t.ho tii.c of th-n -orld's Pair, ond 
an extre:;!^!'.^ acoive o:ie, at *ohat. 

It is ]:.eet to .."n'.:ion that ..r. Janovskv h.as be-jn tskin" a livel*; nart in 

ooliticai life ar tiai; i.e has ever\^vhere shov/n i.irisolf a orota •oni'^^t 

of the ri,y.t of personal libe.'ty, oi' iVnerican prinoiplos, an^l : st- unch 
adherent of 'Jzech ne.tional i^itere^sts, 

Ti.e vicissitudes o:' life have not always i:ad roses in store for !. r. 
Janovshv. he srrj.rrlea travel'/ a -: inst adversities and win out, th'-:rebv 



 



II 3 ^ d (1) 

II A li Denni Hlasatel, Arr. 19, 1917. 

T T? ::; 

III D Eivin.-- a .'-ncrete oxa:, ^le to our auolesoo' ts who ou^lit to 

mi\rze his ideals tiieir own: ri/^i.teousnos- ?,i\i th^* ^oy v:hlch 
cor-ies with v;or;: :or th? interests o:* ::.:'nr:i:.d, Rnd of one « s nationality, 
in r)^-.rticL:lar« 



IV BQHS?.!IMT 

II D 10 

III B 2 Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 12, 1917. 
Ill H 

I G BAKQ^UET TO HONOR CHARLES J. VOPICKA 

A galaxy of prominent men and women gathered in the halls of the Ceska 
Beseda, Douglas Boulevard and Lawndale Avenue, to welcome Charles J. 
Vopicka, United States minister in the Balkan states, who has returned 
to Chicago lately. In his capacity, Mr. Vopicka had the opportunity of 
observing the horrors of War. It was with great difficulty that he was 
able to secure passage to the shores of this country, for which he felt 
a mighty longing. In the circle of the Beseda, he has always been one 
of the most act^ive members. 

The hall of the Beseda was crowded with friends, and patriotic airs 
were played by the orchestra of Mr. Cemy. 

Among those present were: former Governor Dunne, Judge Karel of 
Milwaukee, Msgr. Francis Bobal, Doctor Ludwig J. Fisher, president of 



--^v. 



IV - 2 - BOHSMIAN 

II D 10 * 

III B 2 Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 12, 1917. 
Ill H 

I G the Bohemian National Alliance, Professor Bohumil Simek of 

the Iowa State university; and Mr. J. M. Triner acted as 
toastmaster* 

After the official welcome, Mr. Vopicka spoke words of thanks, then 
related some of his experiences on the Balkan peninsula, and told how 
he strove to alleviate the sufferings of the people caused by the War. 

There was a program filled by renditions of pieces of high artistic 
quality, 'Jircd our best artists took part. Among them: Mrs. l«iarenka 
Geringer, singer, Mrs. Alva Messenge^r, harpist, Mr. George Hrusa, violin 
virtuoso, and Mr. Hugo Castl, singer. Sundry numbers for the orchestra 
were played under Mr. Cemy's direction. Several men, prominent in 
Chicago life, had been invited, but were detained by various duties. 
Congressman A. J. Sabath because of the necessity of his presence in -^sh« 
ingtbn, Senator James Hamilton Lewis for the same reason, IJlayov William 






- 3 - BC)HS!.nAri 

Denni Hlasatel , Apr* 12, 1917 • 

Hale Thompson, on accoiint of pressing business in his office; 
State's Attorney Llaclay Hoyne v/as sick in bed* All of these 
sent telegrams of hearty welcome and sincere regrets • 




**^. 



•i " -. ■■' 
.8 .' i 









IV bOhjJilAN 

II A 2 

Denni Hlasatal . Apr* 7^ 191? • 

AN EXiAMPLE OF PSRSEV2RANCE 

It is an nonest pride which a national group in the Unitod States feels when 
by its presence in the great melting pot it has contributed values to the 
character of the whole nation. Among the tr^iits most appreciated in /jaerica 
are perseverance, asf^iauousness and undaunted spirit. The New Yorlc 

University incorporated these three virtues into its motto as far bade as 
eighty-five years ago. How tnis sentiment has permeated the whole ^ountry 
is best shown in the completion of the Panama Canal, the creatioD of which 
had met with innumerable obstacles, which were overcome by American per- 
tinacity • The Czech people have always counted obstinacy and resoluteness 
as its national characteristics, and so proven itself as a valuable in- 
crement to the American nation* 

The building, 1333-1339 South /ishland Avenue, houses the big business 
which Is founded and headed by the lost outstanding Czech-American 
industrial chemist, Josef Triner# He succeeded in creating his estab- 



IV - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II A 2 

Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 7, 1917  

lishment, the chemical laboratory, through his spirit which could not 
be dampened by reverses, some of them threatening his enterprise with 
the violence of a tornado* Today, after thirty-seven years, the Triner 
Chemical Laboratory stands on a firm basis. 

Josef Triner was born in 1861 in Kacerov near Kralovice, Bohemia • He 
went to school in Kladno, then to high school in Slana« He would have 
continued his studies, but the means of his parents being limited, he 
came to Chicago with his father and mother in 1879, and has been a 
resident here ever since. After having moved through various occupations^ 
he finally introduced into the market his specialty, Triner^s ^Bitter 

Wine*** In the ensuing business activity, he found ztie proper outlet for 
his mercantile ambitions. He also improved the quality and the usefullness 
of his product, the curative and restorative powers of which were 
recognized and acknowledged by the authorities in V/ashington, D. C«, so 
that his wine was permitted to be sold as a medical remedy without a 
license* 



IV - 3 - BOHSMIAN 

IT A 2 

Denni HlaBatel . Apr. 7, 1917. 

In due course of time, Mr* Triner succeeded in having other remedies admitted; 
namely, Triner^s Angelica Bitter, Triner's Lininent, Cough Remedy, Red Pills, 
Triner' s Aromatic Liquid Extract, and others* 

The founder of the business supports every decent Czech enterprise. He is 
a member of the C. S. P» S. {Czecho-Slovak Aid Society), the Taborites, 
Forresters, Czech Beseda, etc. He was treasurer of the Cesko Americlca 
Slovanska Rada (Czech-American National Council), Illinois Manufacturers' 
Association, Illinois Athletic Club, holds a life-membership in the Press 
Club, and the Art Institute; and he is also a 32nd degree Mason# 

Mr* Triner is married, his wife Mrs. Katherine Triner, nee V/ecker, gave 
his four daughters, and two sons. One of the latter died in the prime 
of life; the other, Joseph Triner, Jr., is a student at Columbia University, 
New York, studying medicine and pharmacology* 



IV 
I F 5 



BOKSJ^IAN 



Denni Illasatel , July 28, 1917 • 

A ?rXTAXi:iST CF ?2R3C!yj. Llhli^iTY 

(ouimnary) 

One of our outstanding workers in the political field is Kr* John Toman, 
alderman of the Thirty- fourth ./ard, whose interests he is representing vdth 
pronounced success for t.:e third time. His right to the title of "^outstanding 
worker" is derived not only frci:: activities in the city hall and within his 
ward, "but also froia the fearless manner in which he has alv/ays defended the 
right to personal liberty arainst the attacks that are made by prohibitionist 
elements. There has not been one single attack launched against personal 
liberty, and the saloon business in particular, without Toi,»an* s instantly 
countering it v;ith a telling blow which invariable stultifies the designs of 
the "^drys**. The followers of the unsound reforms know this well; they cannot 
help remembering it— but so do Toman's many friends 

l!r. Toman's reliability and efficiency have been given recognition by the city 






IV 

I r 5 

Denr.i Mlasatel, July 2", 1917. 



;i.:iAi: 



hall* Me v;as appointed r.einber of tLe license coimnittee, the comiriittees on 
schools, c^s, oil, electricity, transportation, and finance. In 1914 he be- 
came a menber of the conmittee v/hich decides upon the appointment of committees. 

In these various capacities the alderman never missed the opportunity to oppose 
measures by which c^nevsilly undesirable obligations v/ould have been shoved upon 
the shoulders of his own ward. There is a typical case v/hich is still vivid in 
the meriory of many. In that instance the Thirty-fourth .'/ard was tc be blessed 
with an incinerating plant. It cost Alderman Toman and the followers of his 
party extreme efforts to have that plan chanr-cd. Another time !,'r. Toman had 
to exert his utmost influence to prevent the building of an annex for small- 
pox patients to t::e hospital in his '//ard. A nev; buildin.^ v;as erected, not in 
his v/ard, but in a more suitable location. 

V/herever there is anythinr to be rained for his v.^rd, Mr. Toman is in the fore- 
ground. The remarkable improvement in the street li2:htinp' of his ward is due 
to his vvork. He is particularly vntchful nov;, v;hile the propos-.l for a new 



lY - 3 - 

I F D 

DeiiJii Iilasatel, July 28, 1917 • 



BOHa:iAI-I 



schoolhouse is at issue** lie is ever ready for action. This was denonstrated 
recently ty the construction of the Iierzel School on 15th Street and Lawndale 
Avenue, ^.nd the school on IS^th Street and Keeler Avenue ^/hich is to te built 
soon* Small parks and piayj^rounds adjacent to schools i:. his v/ard v^-ere laid 
out chieriy through his influence* .;hen he be.-^an his first teriii there was 
only one playgroung in :.is ward; several have been installed since* 

Aldeman Toman set as a goal for himse.l'''* the improvement of the lavements on 
22nd Street and on Crav/ford Avenuo, He carried out tliis plan just as he did 
others for better transportation, se;;er3, and small bridges* He saved money 
for the taxpapers by insistin^j; uion a tv/enty-five per cent rebate on taxes 
which v;ere paid iiu.:ediately* 

An account of Alderman Toi^ian' s activities and achievements would be incomplete 
v;ithout an outline of his personal characteristics* He is alv/ays willing to 
help without asking many questions* At the same time he is vigorous and knov;s 
how to attain his aims* 



IV - 4 - eciisjia:: 

I F 5 

Deniiis rllasatel > July 2Z, 1917. 

There is hardly one person in the city hall, v;hether in the council or offices, 
who v:ould not consider Aldeman Tonian a friend, even t' oup;h political or iri- 
vate ox-inions nay differ. The aldeiTiin is of diplomatic timber. lie knows how 
to win his point — sometimes ly a sharp v;ord — Lut ne also knows iiow to soothe 
the ire of the recipient of the llo;/, and thus Gstatlish amicable relations 
again. A timely, food-natured joko, applied then and there is the i/iediuTi. 
This trait of character is conspicuous in his private life also, and has won 
him innumerable friends. 

L'r. Toman v/as born in 1876 in Cerhonice, near the town of Pisek, Bohemia. He 
came to the United States v/ith his parents /;hen he v/as only six years of a^e. 

The family settled in a predominantly Czech district alone De Koven Street, 
and the children went to school there. After graduation, young Toman began 
to work in a ^orinter^s shoc» Soon he found a better position in the Chicap^o 
Public Library. Tiiat v/as in the year 1^90, and he remained there fully 
twenty-two years, when his :..any friends urged him to seek the nomination for 



17 






Dennl :-ilasatel, July Se, 1917. 



the office of alderiTian, He cecanve z candidate, vvrjLS elected in the Thirty- 
fourth .7ard, and immediately began to do what few aldermen are wont to do, 
i. e., far.iiliarize himself ;ith the conditions of his office and the agenda 
pertaining thereto. In fair recognition and appreciation of his zeal, the 
voters re-elected him for a ^econd term v;ith an astonishing majority. The 
number of votes cast for Toman for the third term reached a sum unparalleled 
in the history of municipal elections. 

The alderman shares his successes with his friends and his family. He devotes 
his leisure time to his v/ife, Kxs. Bertha Toman, Andrew, a son, and Irene and 
Lucille, daughters. They all live at 4141 '.Jest 21st Place. 



■- A' 



BOinniLiN 



Denni Hlasatel t Apr. 26, 1917 



A V/OHTIiY HI^PruJJiilAT.LTr/S OF CZSCH CHICAGO 



I B 3 a 

I B 3 b 

II A 1 

III G 
I F 5 

V A 1 ijnong our fellovz-countryiaen whom a successful career has pl'^ced 
I C upon tlio summit of the political and social life of our rapidly 

grov/iag Chicago Czech coiaraunity, Judge Joseph Z« Uhllf surely 
ranks as one of the forenosto He is one of those young, energetic Czech- 
AmeriCHns who have made their way by hard work and persistency. Kis 
activity has v/on the recognition of the highest strata of the American 
intelligentsia. As .^derman of the r.velfth V/ard, he was, according to 
the consensus of the Snglish-language press, a brilliant addition to the 
city council, a faithful sponsor of his constituency, and an efficient 
official of our metropolis© As a judp.:e of the Llunicipal Court, he provad 
to be a jurist of brilliant ability, a man with a humane feeling, and 
an outstanding jurist. There is no judge more popular in Chicago today 
than Judge Uhllf. He is liked, not only by his colleagues, but also by 
those v;ho are seeking redress in court. 






' J 



:u 







Deni ii ::l:xS .tel , Apr. 26 ^ lvl7. 



Judi^e Uhlir v/as born in 3ohe:!iia on Decariber 19, 1872 ^ the Gon of Joseph und 
I.lary ulilif • He lost his fLitlier very e.irly, crd c:u7ie to the LTiited St?itos 
with his i.iotiier v;hen only three years old. Le finished the public schools 
and, since he could not afford a hi^^li school education, studied in the 
evenin':s after v;or># ..'liile his cor.panions playea, he spent his tine v/ith 
books in order that he ni^-^ht finally pass the severe examinations for 
enrollr.ent at Lake l^orost Lav; Jchool, from which he r^raduated in 18'j3. 
-".fter paSoin:: the final examinations prescribed by the State, he opened a 
lav/ office v;ith a clientele v/hich soon increased by leaps and bounds. 

'file first year of his Dublic life brou'-':lit him into the political lime- 
li;:ht. He v;-.is chosen .-io.ublican cadidate for ^daerman from the T;;elfth 
V»'ard, althou^i this .-ard \.'as considered a bulv/ark of the Democrats* Hr. 
LTilif v;on by a majority of 170u votes, 'fivo years later, in 189!5, he ivas 
re-elected by a ?.700 vote plurality, and ar:ain after another tv/o years by 
3500 Bluralitv. In ais v/ork as an alderman, he v;:_;s often pointed out as 




17 - 3 - BOHEL'IJJT 

Denni Hlr^satel > Apr. 26, 1917 • 

a shining example of honesty and assiduousness; his acute mind secured places 
for him on the most important council committees* 

The logical result of such an enviable record as this was his nomination 
in 1908, on the Republican ticket, as candidate for the municipal bench; 
he was elected by an overwhelming majority* His re-election in 1914 was 
nothing short of triuniphal. He won as a Republican by a 20,000 majority, 
although the Democratic ticket had v/on by a sweeping majority of 80,000 

votes* Judge ULllf*s popularity had thus outv;eighed fully 100,000 votes* 
Chicago has in this manner expressed its esteem for this man v/hom it 
considered one of its outstanding representatives* 

Judge Uhllf^s activity on the bench is well kno^vn* He has presided over 
every branch of the municipal court, but he is best knovm from the Court 
of Domestic Relations* Here, he v/as well-nigh irreplaceable* He knows 




IV 



- 4 - 



BOHEMIA!^ 



Dennl Hlasatel, Apr, 26, 1917 • 

almost every Slavonic tongue, and being an immigrant himself, tie had a 
better insight into LTinigrant life than others* He knew how to concili- 
ate contending parties, and by the mild manner in which he adiuinistered 
admonitions, he has brou{;ht many wayward men and women back to their 
families© He introduced mnierous reforms, some of wiiich are standards 
in the Court of Domestic Relations up to this day© Similarly beneficial 
v/ork vms performed by Judge Uhllf in the Llorals Court, to which he has 
been recently re-assigned. Chief Justice Olson of the Municipal Court, as 
well as professional magazines, has repeatedly paid tribute to him© 

On .August 15, 1900, Jud^e Uhlif married I.Iiss Caroline Zacek© Three chil- 
dren were bom to them© One of them, Joseph, 15 years old, is now a 
student of Harrison High School© The judge's residence, 2410 South 
Clifton Park Avenue, has become a veritable mecca of the lovelorn. The 
judge has married more couples than any other judge on the bench© 



Judge Uhlir is an arduous worker in our national life© He is one of the 




17 

I r 4 

17 5 



DC' 



•■n-r -. T  • 

* \J, .i .. .J -^ 



'IrtGritel, A-jT. 1- 



1 c^ 1 n 

9 -^' ^ • 



BHIILI 



•• -» -r 







-> 

"> 



-« ! 



.'< ..^ 



..:'. r.crner •.■0.3 ooi^n on 'Ooruar^* 2:1, l"o4, in tr.o Loai^ of cur Czech Plzon 
(Pilson) district., Vir birthplaes -'as the cai.iruty 0/ '.i^ri-.teenth and Ilsi: 
CtrootG. y.ir father, -I]:;?.rlG:- , -var; en? c:" zl:c cldeat nnu hi;':hl7 estoe::ed 



:ct:^lers or tne nei.'^.ocri.oca, :.c,u Lis ::o/..r, rroanhino, -.-as ;;3il-l:no\.Ti too, 



" ' .O'-Ti. 00- 

.nc befriended i.u'.ny people. 



17 
I .' 4 

I --' 5 



«1 



PT 



X.: 






1 ':: 1 ^ 
a. » 1. • • 



.'.fter laviiif-; ;;one throur;:! public 3ch<ci, : i*. Xei^i.or 'jorliod in the of.'ice 
oi* tiie late x^ldor.an ^"csoph /• Ilcl.cut, then as a clorl: :.n ti.e or'i'ice of 
2cl-.'. J. ''ovak, la..7er, .''■"? re tl.u ."oMndatio:-;;-: f-^-r l.ir vocation .:ovo laid. 
He re'olonislioci liir ;:nov;ledfO in ni -ht ;>c: col;^: ^ma aj'^t ;r careful nTe^ ara- 
tion, began to continue l\i3 ctuclies in tho lav; ijclicol of La]:e fore^^t 
Univorcity, fro^-. -.-hich ae c^^*-^^^--^ i" Juno liOD .ath the :".i,':he3t avora^-e. 
He beca- e connected -vitli tl.o la;\r fii^.i, I'cva:: and Jollac':, -jitl. :;hon 1.3 re- 

'''"<T'n^''^ i'^'-i-tI IQO^ ' o "♦■ '•" • ''n P "n "t" ^"»"». "^ " i >" "i" r- " ••'< T*f -r ^t» -- • ' t >> rS T )", i< :» "i i' "*' ""ri> i - "^ 

and has been active as a lav;yer up to the preeen", hr, Jones, his p-^tiior, 
is the oldest ar.:o:r- the la".r;err' of Coo!: Countp, ane al:30 one of tlie. :..ost 
active, noev;ithctanu ir.r: Mg af:e of sevoiitp-nine, and an ercohlent advocate, 
r.e iias bro'i-ht tears to ehe epes of .".an^" j. juror. He offecLively helped 
build up the re mite cf t 
before th.e eourl.s. 



CI 



J 

firn Herner ^ Jones as o^ e el{;;nallp r:ucceseful 






Hr, Horner beca.e a f i -ure in Tuiblic life at an '^'f-^-i^- ^^ 



er^rlydate, triou^-h it is 



I ? 5 r^nri I^lasatel , .;pr. 14, 1917. 

rieot to :,claia:led;;e t: rit iie cbviounly never cravod fcr c: puMie oTfice. 

V»--»0" : • •• 'or ' T ■:• r; -^-- n"^ >^ "^'^^ ■»^'^ f  ^ ' '-, C" — -.•*-» -' -^ o' '•. '*-Nrk ^-f»- • r- *' ''t T '* *"|.'~> '1 "*- Tj '^^^'''r^f^ "^ ',',"'-> r^ --^iL-i t 

Cour'. • 






.~ • 



-T. J. : .•- i. J. . > ■--■.. •'.'X '.  - V'.-- '^ X V, -,» •'.i'L/XX| .icl". X.. k^ ' I t. ^v,- _^':^».. oC^ ..iU., c» 

utilitioc frr '/.o fr-.-C ir:o:i -.nd ■'^'ivilo-o:: ••r'-n'.od by the city, '"'he proposed 
1&^7 -:rer'cr:bi::- feiiderr": Per ^*roiplit ^uto: chilon ir^ hi:: creation. It /as tahen 
inzc court by opTOsiip; eorpor- 'i.a.j x tart its ccnntiti :.ic-.ali"y. If passed, 



I . 



~^' - .r 



u 



ro::r t;j 






^e:ini riPsr-Lr^l, ..^r, 2.4 i91?. 






it '.'ill provent . xaiy aulaiobilu accidents, ^.-^ . llornor':^ fa'.l.or i*o]l vi( 
tin to an ancident c^aisod b:* a h av:* t::-uck. 

int3'rost in the v/clfare of t'.e people. 

In 1907, he ::arried ::i;:c Rose D. 3h;:;oli]:. The;- have two ::onc and one daui:h' 
tor. 



IV 

II 3 1 c (1) 

II 3 2 d (1) 



BOiLJa.II.il-T 



Denni Hla3atel . -ipr. 11, lil7. 



 • .' •' 






e / 



VAOL.'.Y LZIXCII DTJ13 



/ifter only a fev; duys of illness, Vaclav Lenoch, one o2 Ciiica(^o*s oldest 
Czech aiiateur actors, passed a;;uy r^^cently, lie v;as /'nov.Tx to ever^'' oldei' 
resident of our settler.ient, and in earlier tines :/as declared to be our 
best storv toller* He cai.e to Ghicaco v;hen lie \/as tv;entv-one vears old. 

in 1869, he appeared on the Soa;;e, beca::e active -^ * vji Mateur, playing 
mostly in the old olovan.^ka i.ipa (.^lavic I-indentree club), but finally 
he pl^-^yed alternatively in ajj^.ost every hall of the Giiicago Czecli corimunity. 
His hi!^ artistic level \;ould easily have enabled him to becor.io a pro- 
fe:;sional actor. There v;as ample proof for his excellent .ualities, for 
he passed through a considerable period as the first actor of an out- 
standing Oerraan theatricnl c^npany. 

During his late*^ years, he v.TOte a ■3oodly number of short stories, sor.ie 
of v.hich v;ore reprinted in ^::e calendar of the Denni Hlasatel; ihnny 



-A 



Yj - 2 - B0H3;IIfl-v 

II B 1 c (1) 

II B 2 d (1) Denni Hlasatel , Apr. 11, 1917. 

memoirs depicting the life of the early Czech immigrants issued from his 
pen. One play, "Zelena repicka,** portrays our early settlers. He 
translated ^•Robert and Bertram,** a comedy known later as **Lisak A Smcla." 
He also was a newspaperman, having spent some time with the editorial 
staff of the Denni Hlasatel . 

He will be buried in the Bohemian National Cemetery. 






17 



3on::,iAi! 



II 


-1 


3 b 


II 


D 


10 


I ' 







Donni 



lasatel, lx-)V. ^ , 1917. 



T. TT " 












JLJ 



. u — ^-l 




'The ';;ell-'t:novr:! violin virtuoso, \ il'-in Iur>!:, oO^i or ."attorney ICirel D. Lu3j: of 
Chicago, returned froM Boheirda aftjr tliree years devoted to studies of riusic. 
j-is coal v;as riaster:," of violin playin", in v;:iich he received the finishin;'^ 
instruction fron Irofessor Cta::ar 3evcih, one of the ■-reatest pedanoy;aes of 
the v/orid. i:e vjas v;elcor.ed by r.enbero of his fa::;ily and nany friends, a::i0n.^ 
thef:i J. y. Capok, also of ^hica^*o, his forr.er teaclier, to ■.•/horn belongs the 
credit of havin-^ been the first to recognize the -.^ouny talent, and to lay 
the foundation for its deveJornent. 



Durin"* the years of liis abs^rnce fror. Chica :o, I'r. Lush had chan-ed considerably 
in one resr.ect, lie left as a tv:enty-one year old Ghicaf:o-born boy to V;h:oin the 
Czech lanr^ua^^e offer-^d consideroble difficulties, as is natural for one brou2;ht 
up as an .^.erican. He no^^ has -perfected hi'.iself in the Czech lan^^age, and 
accordin';:: to his ov/n adiiission, has for^-otten a "-ooo deal of his :]n^'lish. 




IV - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II A 3 b 

II D 10 Dennl Hlasatel . Apr. 8, 1917. 

I G 

Vii'hat he had to relate about our old homeland could fill manv newsT3at)erV / 
columns • It reminds us of the words spoken by Yojta Benes on last yearns 
Decoration Day celebrated in the Bohemian national Cemetery: **Our motherland 
is a graveyard." 

Mr. Lusk left Chicago in 1913 and went directly to Pisek, Bohemia, where Pro- 
fessor Sevcik sojourned at that time. He had originally intended to remain in 
Bohemia one year only, but later moved to Vienna, to finish his studies at the 
^Keisterschule'* (a school for accomplished artists) vrtiere Professor Sevcik 
taught as the head of the violin department, making trips for that purpose 
from Pisek to Vienna. Mr. Lusk after having finished his studies, gave concert 
tours all over Austria, and appeared as soloist with the orchestra of the famous 
conductor, Oscar Nedbal. His intense artistic activity is attested by the fact 
that he has given fifty-four concerts for the benefit of the Austrian Red Cross 
for which he received the high decoration which he wore on his coat lapel on 
his arrival in Chicago. 

I;!r. Lusk gave a detailed account of the present conditions in Austria, and 




II A 3 b 

II D 10 Denni Elasatel , adf. 8, 1917. 

I G 

particularly, in Boheinia. He vms astonished to hear rrom the representatives 
of the press and others that there is a ciss^^'tic or{^anization in America, the 
Bohemian i^'ational Alliance, v/hich is the protagonist or the just deinands of 
our people. 1^. Lusk stated that Professor Tlionas G. llasaryk is pictured in 
Austria as a man in the service of the Allies who is a detriment to the inter- 
ests of the Czech nation. He further said, in essence: Wien the Allies, in 
ansv/erine the Geriran and Austrian peace proposal, de.Tianded -Aie liberation of 
the Czechs, the proposition vjas rejected by iiustria as beinf: entirely out of 
place, and even arrop-ant, on the grounds that ^the Allies had no right to speak 
in behalf of the Czechs viho do not v/ish to become independent, but want to re- 
main within the Austrian monarchy." Tlie Czech press, which in reality would 
have been eager to be a sincere guide to the people, was forced to print this 
stuff. ' 

As long as Vx. Lusk remained in Austria, no difficulties were placed in his path. 
But when he appeared on the border to leave Austria, he had to undergo a gru- 
elling investigation. His belongings, exca )t those absolutely necessary, his 




17 - 4 - B oini :l\it 

II H 3 b 

II D 10 Denni Illasatel , Adp. 8, 1917. 

I C>. 

TTiUsical and other annotations, v/ere held back, Tliey nay not be returned to 
him until after the ..'ar. lie v;ent over into 3v7itzerland, then v;ent to France, 
after\/vards --oin,^ to Spain, v;here he embarked for Nev/ York. Durin,^ the four 
and a half years of his abode in j>irope, he had his ups and dovms. He v/as 
feted when travelin'^ as an artist and reaped rich rev;ards. But at tines he 
had to suffer all the -orivations attendant upon v/ar. 



r/ 



Try -r---- T 7'- 



I G 



Den:;i Masa>:cl , . ar. 29, ir-lV. 



In the name or th^ entire comiunity of readers of our nev;s capers, v;e 
puLlichod an 'irtieJ-e yesLerday r-::rninr* v;elcoriin{; the return of ""rnited 
States ninister 1.'. J". Topiclia to ]ii:3 hOiue .c r-i, Ohicaf'o. Joday, v;e are 
cc:'ive^''lnr sincere "reetinrs frcia the ninister, n: t only -^.. tlie readers 
of cur nev;si^a ers, lut to the ezitire 'J::och--:'-i;' lerican coririunity, vrhich iias 
de ionstrated so liugu interesi: in hin. 'le is -^t hou(3 no./, fhose \-fi:o v/er 
present :z.t the Union depot, ^^r. forn a conception of hov; rreat are the 




nLLTibers of liis friends :.'hon they sa / the thcu3a..is \n\o he^an to v;ave rjid 

shout rreetinys v/hen his f^\. .iliar features appeared i: 

train. 



a ./indov; of the 



e did not ask for an iiciediate interviov;, in consideration of the ]Tiany 
';vho sought to et near t^ieir f .dlov;-countr:^^.ian. Later, hov;ever, ':e v/ere 
gra::-t3". the ^:rivilefe of an hour of his i rBcicus tine. In order to have 



o 

i ^ 









1.1 ^ w 



• 1 n-1 



f>0 



9, i:-!?. 



p 



0:16 olj.rv 






r. 



voricr:a^s 



2. ful]. kncv;lod:-e or one iia^ j'eiiin^-s aunii 

arrival, :e :T\ii:eI i:iror::auion rrr.n 3r. I. "^. Jolii.el:, cna of our \;ell- 
>no-'n dentists, ...or^be:* oi' th9 ^'Jesr:a  asoda'* [ZzocAi circle), and one of 
tlie inanaf::er3 of the • .anifesta^ion, -diiC'i -ave juch ai:rle proof of t^:e 
esteen in "diich I r. Vcpic!:a it: hjld, nd the attachnont vrhich his fello"; 
countr:.^::en have f^r hir... Doctor J'elineh said that the profram prepared 
7/ill have to underpo ;30i:io chanr;es on account of the fatlfue of the rionbers 
of the arranpenents corr.iittee. .'-j-.onp t;^r-3e first to ••elcor:e the i^.inister 
vrere: heverend 1 . hohll<ech, J", h. lsen-&, and .xlder^ian John f : nan v/ho sav7 

rafficient traffic v.oliceiaen .ore available to r.iaintain order. 






o \ 



^-i?. 



to It 






After five v':. 'clcc}: , vhe roproGentative of this paper v/as piven the ti::ie 
promised for the dejired i-.te:'vie\7. I r. Vopicha's fi"st utterance --/as an 
open^:earted assuravce that he /as very "lad ii^deed to le hoine after an 
absence of so lonp a "Oiiie. he spolce of his activities as a United States 
minister, and of the conconitant duties \;hich rendered his position an^^thinf^ 



J./ - O - ::C-' ,^. I^u 

tut a 3i::ocure. "le s^■)Cl:^j oi' the satisfac'sion "ohat co?'ies frcxi dutv 
fulfilled, declari:::: t^hat v;:ien c:i.lled u;:cn to defend mii.:an rinits 1:0 one 
sliould nesitate to sacrifice evan hiz life, 

"You cannot fathor.i 7::j e:;oticn3 .;Iien in contact './ith soldiers. I have spoken 
to thousands and founl tliat riost of tshe v/ounded in the liospitals x/anted to 
kno/firi^t \-jhen they could be 3:'eturned to '^he front. Those exanplos of a 
splendid sei^se of duty shoul ' Ve on.ulated by every real /^ne:;*ican in these 
critical ti:;:es. I.'c one can doubt \/iiat everyone oi,"'it to do v/hen needed. 
If ny stay abroad has i:orne no ot/.er fruit than ti.at my orcperiences f;-:ained 
there which enable r.e to distribute infoination v;ith ad:.ioniticn, 3;. en I 
air. certain I have done soi.e f-:ood for Az-^erica, not only for the future, ut 
for the preseiit also. It is iiecessary in the interest of her people that 
A::^erica possess the saiae undaunted spirit as those soldiers sufferinr. fron 
v;ounds in the hosvitals. I eariiestly desire that the /u:iericans should 



v» 










\ 


1 ■■■; ' 
> - , 




r 







I 
t 




y 






y 





17 - -i - 

I F 5 

I G De n::! lilasatal . I.ar. :.9, 1917. 









> 



ac:':'Liai::t tr.e!r.seives '.vith sono jiurc-pean nationG, ^.:articularl" those from ^ -■ ^^i.i'.i^ a; 

ths Balkan roninsula, ./i-o stand out .;ith r.onie adriiracle characteristics. 'v>,,- / 
All 0'2 th'jse, the bif'; ones and the sj.iall onoL., need cr.e tliin,- only: to "' — ""' 

te kr.ovm "by A:. erica, and le understood/' 

After this i:^troductory talk, . r. Vopicka ral-ited hov; he rot v;ith soldiers 
cf various v;alk3 of !^ife, riionr thor. a fon.er Lienber of the I.'oher-iian 
I-Iational theatre naj'.ed hajek. Tne :^roatec>t n^iicer of prisoners 'irA v/cundod 
he encountered on his travel :as throufh Jerbia. The Serbian and the 
Austrian .::cvernnents had urr:ed hin to becoiie the chairman cf an iiiternational 
co].-rds:ion for the investica '.ion of risen caiaps, and for the arielioration 
of jonditions therein, he yielded to these de.:iands only after an erinhatic 
recoirjiiendation fron ./ashint^-ton. It v;as in this additional ca.Tacity in the 
corj^.ission that he found thousands of Ozech soldiers in prison .3anps, and 
extended everv possible help to t:" 






IV 

I F 5 
T G 



- 5 - 



Den;u Hlasatel. I.'ar. i39, 1917 



■T' 






After his turbulent travel to Kcr./ay (nentionad in Denni ^'lasatel of 
larch Sr ) , rjid his final laiidin,^ in t»he United States, he v/as received 
in personal audience by President V/ilson, './ho evidenced an inte]ise ir.terest 
in the observat-ions iiade on 'lis ex-eriences, and declared to have folio. red 
v:ith ^reat attention the cablofrar.s and various reports sent fron the 
United otates r.ir.i stars in Juronean roal?is o 



\^^K 



Oi 



\. 



y 



^-^» 






IVl" 



rr. Vcpicka intends to enjoy ::is first vacation soon after a period of 
strenuous v;orl:, "ohe intensity and :.ia -nitude of  ^hich nay be {-^rasped v/hen 
consider in,-; ohat he had lutoly conducted .'t.--enda for Aiier.i-ia, G-eri.^arr^ 
Austria, lin'land, hussia, Serbia, Italy and b:c-officio, Runania. 

! r, Vcpiclra finally fave us an explanation re-^ardiny ne'..'S 'lesirned to 
dispara,''e his ualif ications, ridicule his ];erson, and to shed an unfavor- 
able lifht upon the nanner in ;;hich he conducted official business. They 
all can be traced to a inan of slanderous inclinations, a discharp:ed eiriployee 



I ? 5 

I 



- 5 - 









Denni .-lo.s^.tel , 



O "^ 






1917. 



cf the United otatjs forei--]; sqt^iIqo. lb is vre csterous, "/r. 7oT,..icka 
said, alludir..^ to :lie:i, to iiia''ir-e iii^* rra^-int^ about v/earii'. shirts at 
tv;elvG doll-Lrs a '"'iece.. C :is of z\i3 rulers, /it'^ vmon iiO cai^e ir.to ccntact 
durin-" ;iis servije abroad, iieard of thi.s ludicroc.j as^^ertion throurli 
the Reuter I'ev/s a:'ency, and caused a derial to bo -uLlished, in v/hich he 
declared 1 r. Yoi^icha tc be a divlo.iat vrhcse conduct iias ;:air:3d I'or hin 



the hi -"best ostee:;. and favor of 



dea] 



J-o 






ylva (r.on d 



' A 



j.e 



on J 



■J . 



court. 



. -^ ■>-> -f- 



_-i 



vo^MC-ta v/a^. renaraoa as ..er i-'iena. 






-. -,"> -i- ' , 



-^noo..er nonoOnso ^rintoa 
i eld ^ean cf I:ouriania}, 



-v« 






00 hin, ':.nl rocoivjd hi: ii: audionco fourteen days before hor death, and 



•'-••v 



1 .^^. -1- 



th3 last ' 0-.'son to ue so iionorca. Jnoro is also an anecdote current to 



.o- 33."fect 









•.;culd have tho ;:1 -3 to do so/' 






01 






oils 



of his havin;: iiisulted ohe -d.i^ercr of Au:.tria, ^ould ho then have le3n 
as'-:ed by the .Vistr3.an - overiL.ent bo head tho inte./n-. vional io:::.h5sion 
for the betteinent of orison Ccj.ins'i he is certain to have v;on and held 




X w 






'^^ 



± ^ 






J- ^ ^ 



.9 






2r, 



:^-i r- 



rOS' act ^i2"!.u u:.w; 






v^o.:i ./iix o: 






i:: contact, •.::iicii lact raaniie 



 k") L> vy J. 






X 1 1 J. - V -'- 1 i O a L5 ci v^ u b c 



4-* l'*V» 



lennxy 



/-v " -I "- -»>■> (T^ o r* ■•" r>' •• . "^"'.'i '-■' I • T > " 



% 



r 

> 

*0 ■' 






> 



T 



riiese 3-tato:.ants finiG'.oa z::^ intorvi3v7, .-hicli ! r. Vo::ic^:a closed v/ith 
a •^:.ro!fiise to "ive several lecturoG about Guljec^s, iiot; i:Lfri:u-'iiir upon 
•matters purely di: lo;::aoic, l.ut tc -ive us an ilea about -/hat :ar r-jally 



r;QpTnc- 



lY 



II A 3 d (1) 
II 3 1 a 



Den ni "Il a saoOl , liar, 24, 1j17. 



LA3T xIT ^d ?CR :;ARSL 3P, .jiVj;; 



1-^ -V t T- 

:3 - • !. 



■X 



,^---'x 



{: 



o 



t; 



\ 



N 



t  ; •■". 



x:: 



T.ie doors of tf.e T'.nlia Tlieatre opanei yestorla^^ at no^n to all rv t.ie 
t'lrongs of ^eo )le -..Gsei^ble-:. to ^..t r tlis aiditoriui.i ari.\ vievj -.vit'i /^.rief 
t..-^ rerir'.ins of Mn^^el (Oharle^) Solavec, tlie -;;3ll-r:nov.Tx and oloved actor. 
T?^^ oody lay in :jt^:.te, in front of t!i3 ot-^ o, ;r;on v;:iieh tlie deceased ;iad 
stood so often vlurin;: t .e decv^niirns of Ms activity in the oer-^ice of the 



::ood and the b-^utiful. All of the coll 



e ues of t .e 



departed, actors of 



the "Ludvihov :i'^ (Lud'.iik Theatrical '3-rou-j)) , -;ere there cjion^ 'iundr')ds of 
friend- and ad :irors, t.'ieir eyeo filled v;ith tears, .^lon,:^ the :'.iourner3 
anoeared 'leribers of the Sin'in; Sjcietv L"ra, for v.diich SiDlavec had a 
great lihini^ and an 9V^;r helpin^^ hand; there ere i.any of o\x£ artists^ 
After a dir -e sun^* hy t':e Lym Society, the ooolces.^ian of •:. lar :e :rouo ^f 
Jroatians delivered a fere r .11 a:d*'eso. After t:is, !>. Jaror/dr H. ioonlca, 
publisher and editor of the Denni d.-satel y so -he for the Ozech fellov;-co.i .tr:'iien 



IV 



ci 






II A ;: d (1) 
II 3 1 «- 



30":r IAN fi" 






N 



\ 



... ••• :-i 



^ f* "^^-13 "^ .-:> o .'-1 *% T*^ 1 n'f' 



A clincx in tlie e .otions of the :iournor'3 v;as reached v/]i8::. t.ie 






u::der the lire ^tion cf Prof. J. ., 3aoek, intoned t'lo ove-ture to f e 
p?-ay "3trahoni3l:y Dudal:^' [l\\e Oa :;'5i;o:3r ^f Jtraiconice) , by .-'jitonin Dvorak. 
T'le cjMoositlon -las t-.'O : :• in subjects: "Kde Do::ov '.ujv" ["..'here Is .'y 
-Io:;ieland?) , tie Jzech national 'ntho::, and '^7a Ton iraGe!.; D-zore^' (Out There 
in Our Yard) , a folk 3on ■, Profossor Oaoek could not have : lade a better 
selection - the role of "IZalafuna^' in t:ie olay v;as one in v.'hich Solavec 
paraded, one of "he be.^.t *.n -lis vast r'^oertory. Tho funeral •;arch by 
3hopin \ilosed t le obse uies. 



Splavec has ended his earthly oil :rir.a;e. I'o is no :iore, but his na^ .e v;ill 
live anon : us, ■-..id his ::e::.ory ..ill be tr -asured as an artist of unusual 



IV - o - 30ic:Lii: 

II ^ 3 d (1) , /--'-x 

II 3 1 a D-nnil-lasat^, ::rir. "'l-, 1917. /- '' 

' I 1 I 1  1 1 III! Ill / , 



i« .» •• • \ J 



q.ualitl93 and as a nan ;;it:i ':. lienr' of :old. His re i*:ins have be-'in laid at 
rest in tlie Boheraian national ysiuetery. 



_iv boh:-:,l,n 

II B 6 

I F 4 Dennl Hlasatel , v^r. 4, 1917. 

I F 5 

III H CZECHS ^Uir: ONli OF TH2TR ?:^ST 

Yosterduy -.vas j. .'•re-^t day for Czech GhLcafro. It was, -rr-is, a nay of pjrt- 
in^ forovor froir. John Sirri-in, V\e first .refiident jf ts Anaricun ookol con- 
.TiUiiity, clerk of tlie city of Chicago, .^ood citizen of ■*:hi5 country, vno never- 
tlieless had a wurrr. feeling i-id ros-poct for everything Czech, a -an with t^i heart 
of rrold. 

That he vvas an outstanding nan must have been obvious to all vjiio liud ccine to 
the Ilzen (Pilsen) district yesterday norning. Th.^re ;vere >^reat throngs of 
people ne:^r the Pilsen Gohal Hall d^id automobiles with nourners arrived from 
every direction. They car.e to say good-bye to him vAion they had knovm either 
person-ally or by his achiever.ants, to render hona.^e to his memory, and to p^iy 
tribute to his reputation ..s a public servant and as a nan. 



T-?-n '7 > 



^ -••■*• * 



lY - 2 - BOH 

II D 5 

I F 4 Denni Hl-:.SLitel, Mar. 4, I'^l':^, 

I F 5 

III H At 9 .\. !.:• the roniins of th den rtod v;ere t ikon "^"rom the family 

residence, -*:233 S. Rid.^ev.;:/ .ivanue, by members of tho .uioric-^-in ookol 
coni.unity, while i notcrcr-cle s-'U-.d of Chi.cago volice led tlie proces::ion iv'iicL 
ir.oved on -.ic^nd street to Jouth V'cst-Drri .venue, zhon. to 19tri Street, and finally 
to South .vShland revenue to t'.e hcrne of the ?lzen ^okol, v;here t:ie doce-sed v:^s 
pliced in z\\e r.^in h'.ll, there tD lie in st .te d.ridst uncounted flor:-l offerings. 
Sokols i^nd r.cnbers of the police force '.ItT^r^i-ted ~5 -^ui^rds or" honor until the 
beginning of txie fun-jr-il rites. 

From the n^onent the coffin v^Zis -^l^eocl In the btiildin:^, v;h.ich oin^n mi^-ht v;ell 
h'rive ca led ]:is lor.e, lines ^f -en -inn '/-omyn cl'inped to^v.rd ^.he doors to cast i 
glance u"on tie features of the •:e->d. I^urir^ this tir^e the ,-5:re .t r.-ss of r.curners 
OQrs^n to .ir^S'^jnle fron Blue Island vvenue .^nd l^th Street uovjn to the ^'okol H'-il. 
There v;3re city ^nd county offici-ils from all de;^ .rt. ents. :. nyor .•illi-.r Ii:le 
Thc:r:son r;rrived v;ith the e::Ver3 of his r.ta:*f. 



IV - 3 - 30iii::Ti:i 

II D 6 

I J 4 Derjii Hlas.tol, V-^v. 4, 1917. 

I ? 5 

III H Tiie funeral riteG rro-jer bog^n ut 1 P. V. v;ith c. dlr.'t'e, sur.g y 

the yisoiiic "UL-rtet, v.'ierou^:oi Countv Jud-^e TliO'''''--3 F. Scullv ro- 
i.iernbered tho dopa-^ted and !iis ..eritorious •activities, r:i':fiitioning thut he h:;.d 
known h_::; finora O'.rl;' cyiild^.ood^ that ii3 troasurec '^is i^c uuinfeurice v; th the 
Hdn ;vho h^d u friencllv -;:ord :"or ovorybody -tnc v;ho "-nev; no di-*-^3r3:ice of -'O- 
litical p-rty, i-itioii::,lity, or creod. 

;J.derr.Via ^>^erri'-:jii tht-^n set forth the oxcellont rTu::.litles of the dece ;sed 
v;ith vjhon he h'-id been in constrint off Lciii cont ct. lie nude "he Munt state- 
ment thct men of Simiin's h^•nc3tv w^ve vorit:.ble rarities in the I'ield of no- 
litic'i.1 endesiVor, He furtier emphasized t.:e adininlGt^-.tive t-ilent oj Siniau, 
and laid stress n on the eco.iO:.ies lie \_d \ntrohuoed and unon the v .rioiis be.ie- 
fits accruing t larefrom for the t.x-p.^'ing ^'nblic. .ildennan rerriaia closed by 
Cillin^ Simai n:j.n of vjhoso !V;ne the ^-ntlre city of Chic;,r:o rj:^ bo ^roud. 

Dr. J". Hudis-Jicinsky v^;s the next s e^ker (only excerpts translc^ted) : 



-4 



'll f 6 

I F 4 Denai HlaS^tel . r.^r. 4, 1917 

I ? 5 

III K ''Wo st'.ncl -..t tli9 threshold of cur patlieon of iTvoLit -.nd no;verful 

iL^turo, v;hlle time is curving: into t'i« rr^rbla oanel of ■.Istorv: 
*John SiiHun was a -ood r.'d:i.^ -^'ror "oho ti^'^e he c-jme to be irior*'? closely £ic- 
ciuuinted v;ith the ookols his iijine v.as b-^iug ;>entioiied by avory or.^. .nidation. 
Kis untiririfr labor for our Czech c..*uss v;^£ crovjnod bv the moment in vvh'ch he 
signed t;^ lust ..:v.nifesto. ?ne other ;;re^t ii.i;:ent in his -ictivities v:.is his 
address to Dr. Schneiner, v;ho re-'^r^^sented the So'coli of tie old c vntry in the 
great conveation in Chicago, in v^'":Lch lie pointed out the iriport^nce of unity in 
thoujht wnci pur-^one for the So' ols. These -•■or:'!' h .ve -^--lined in si^rnif ic .nee  

while oiman Wfs -active in the uriif ic-'ation of the •->0::ol or''*-- niz^tion v;hich h-s 
al-A*ays o?en a thorn in the ei'es of the Hapsbur.^'S, oiir..^n v;as one of fe most 
arduous vorriers in the Tonocny Vybor ( \UAiliary Comirittee) '"or t-ie id of our 
oi:pressed nation in the old country. But he did :iot live to s e the full re- 
sults of his efforts. Yet his work -vas not in vUn, for it 3-:ov:r^ t- t he h .s 
done his duty :is a Jokol. 



rv 



-5 - 



EGH-i: 






II J 6 
I ? 4 
I ? 5 

III II 



D3:mi Hlasut 3l, .*:t-r. 4, 1917. 

The rin-1 y'ords ia the iua^rc-i cjreraon" ere n-oken br l-avor 
^'illicLri Halo Thomj^sorx, v:ho hud come to ':o:ior the .emorv of his col- 



la-gu9 in the -lighest off leas :f t.\e city. He rel-^tad 'lov; he becaine accuuinted 
irvith '-^in.in tv;o /oars u-;o iind ho^ he l3jir..^ea to v:lue his acquaintance more and 
iLore, :;iid \iOvi it ./rew into h gh esteen, wli ;n he continued obser'Ving the s::irit 
of devotion v:ith wliich Ziman served the "-eoi:le at the ex:en;5e of riis jv;n intor- 
est3 uAQ he:. 1th. They had : et in the Git^?' Hall a faw days a,:o, both afflicted 
\v:th a cold; zhe *hjyor ad.'ion; -"h--^ ' Jiican to take a reot; they both id. Hut the 
I.Iayor returned after u fev; davs, whereas 3iman vaid with hi?? life for his con- 
scientiousn.ss and sense of duty. He also Said that Sinan -vas an assiduous 
worker and .ttained his hir^h st .tio!i in life throu.'rh his ov/n efforts, :"or he 
vjas the child of poor peoplo; his honer^Tr ••as lii.? -nide in dl his actions, and 
his .v-ine should be revered b-r this ^nd the ^^uture .^^^neration ^.s a shinin,'^ ex- 
ample for aiiibitious vouth. 



After the la^t c;.oral '.va? sun^, :.nd the Va; or . nd -^t" er d i-:nit.-rios of tl\e city 
and county h^d heft thj h-^ll, the ::^3r:..in^ of John Sinaii '%3r3 lifted into the 
hearse by Jokols, .nd the convoy t. :in .^-t -.rted t irni^h ~he iistrict of idzen to- 
;vard the --lace of burLol. Dr. Hubrin-'^r's ::usici ins furnished t':e lu.':ubrious 



r/ 



- 6 - 






;^eri:il Hlasatel, Liar. 4, 191'/. 



II D 5 
I ? 4 
I F 5 

III H back.^round. Hundreds of o*Tici-il3. .s v;eii .»s rian 

SGiit'itives ,:ind luerub ^rn of -r '..riisations to v.hlch the departed h'.:d 
belonged, the bere.;ved -^el.tives, .nd thousunds of frioads joined tlie pro- 
cession. 



1 •} 



:ua?*^3, repre- 



The burial took pliC^3 in tie .Tarodni Ilrbitov (Boiiamian ^r^tion.d Cemetor-) 
in the nain hcill of the cren^^tor:''. 



'.'liile the renains of John Sirnun lay '.a stite ia the hall of the Ilzen ookol, 
cansidorable excite:;ient .-/ .s cheated vhon a nolice:^:- .n, one of the ^-^ui-rds of 
honor, suddenly sluri^-yed .nd fell to the floor unconscious. The strong f r i- 
.j:ranc9 of the flar;l offerin-^s \\\j.ci iYarc:ne hi^, 
roo.:. v.'here he so jn recu^^orated. 



iie \v..s oroa-:ao i 



into .:. side 



IV 



BOHSvilAN 



I F 2 

I F 5 Dennl Hlasatel . Jan. 8, 1917. 

The Democratic organization of the 12th V/ard met last night to decide 
upon the candidate to be recommended for the office of alderman. Anton 
J. Cermak, in taking the floor, pointed to the four-year activity of 
Alderman Kemer, and proposed him on his r-::^cord for the Democratic 
nomination of alderman. 

The men and women present agreed to this after a short debate^ 

In the re,^:ular Democratic meeting last night, the rumor was spread that 
Cermak has withdrawn as representative of the 12th V/ard in the County 
Democratic Com^iittee. 



IV 

II A 1 



BOESiaiUT 



Denni Illasatel , Liir. 16, 1915. 
THE SPOLSK CE31TCII LSKAHQ 1I0II0S3 

Tlie Spolek Geslych Lekaru (Association of Bohemian ^en/ Pliysicians) held a ^ 

meeting last ni^^t at x.'hich a discussion took place as to v;hat would be the :5 

nost suitable v/ay of honoring the i::emory of Dr. Jan J/. Kara, a Bo^ieiaian- '•^, 

AiLerican physician and Liember of the medical expedition to Serbia, who has — 
become a victim of his own noble vocation, having died of a contagious dis- 
ease contracted while he was working; for the Slav cause. 



After some discussion tlie meetin^^;, appointed a comnittee to work out the best 
way of honoring Dr. lZara*s name 



■a 
-:3 



•o 



r; 






Ill 



jj 



Donni i'lac^atcl, Oct, 17, 191J, 






Lr. Jhai'lcs J. 7o::i3]:^. , the U:\itoc .>t..toG .j-ibu3sador to 13ulr*aria, Ixu.iania, and 
oerbia, startoJ on Iiis tri .; to ..■uro":c ye^tcrda- no.:n. ~'o lert on the «enns''l- 



vania .cailroaa frOi.i tho "Union Depot at 1:3:^^0 l\ .... 

c:^:.e to bid hi: -arc'voll. hit!: hi: v;ant hin ^rivato secretary.'' 



;^ ni^oat nan: 



o:^? his 



J. O. .. ^y. j.V.4.k_< 






• ^ 



AO'W^.^V^^ ^ v.'. - • • • • • 



re* 



' o 



V .1 



17 ^ 30ir7:iAN 

IV (Je\/is!i) 

i:i D Denni Illa satol , ^ct, U, i:;13; 

DU'OC.u.TS !.;I;n:: Ifn, VO:"IC?L/i 

All Doraocratic factions v/ero represontecl at, the banquet in honor of Vr. Charles 
J Vooicka, United States i-r:bassaclor to t;.e 3alkun otates, roctordav,  avor 
ilarrison, -Governor *-unne, and even -^-o^riGr C. Sullivan for:;.ot all their healousies; 
their pcttrr and bi": neeves, tiieir oolitical r.ii'x'erences, and oarr.e to oartici'^ate 
in the festivity ;^iven for .. r. Vopicka by t;.e Iroquois ^lub in the Blackstono 
Hotel. They all tried 'oo do t:;eir oest to si.ov; rheir a;:'pr3ciation and fidl 
recornition of h:r« Vopicka' s i.erits. Yesterday's banquet iiarkcd the first 
ti:.ie in seven years \'::,en all these throe nen sat torcrlior at one te^.ble and 
spoke to iho sai^G audience. Other speaVzers v;ere Dr. iiii: • ixirscii, ex-^f.yor of 
Butte, Aionra'ia, iho:..as ^^. Aer.ioy, and the Iroquois Club preisidont, *"lcert ?• 
ReiciLnian. Anong the proMinent Le:..ocrats of all factions v;ere C'-n :ressr an 
/km J.7*Saoa\,i., Sar.uel Alschuler, State's Attorney '•aclay :.oyne, Corroration 
Counsel ..'. H. Sexton, and otners. 



17 
II 









erjii ,1 .G'ltol, 



• ■~> • 



— - > 



lOlo. 



. * . \^ . L . - - w i 



\^— X -'- - 



- r^ 



Tlic Jool: Jounuy -.rov:ers* -.::;;oci..ti ^ri ucndoreu. iLs i.G:.ber, ..r. JxUrlcc J". .'o;;iC:.u, 
s -IjiiaiJ J ^n uet .it .^trutrorO .Ouel on ul.e oc.'asion or liis u^};^)oinL-ent ug uug 

v;cre ul^o re'-roju-^t .tives 



ca iL> 



Liiited otaoG^ .j:;baG3auor to the -ll.iui :tatc 
Ox olio urov;i.i.;, incustry /ro:.: ..il\;uuhoc, 



\^ >_> # 



rooCii 



J. 






l_i \ J u. .1. o 



rin.;*! iv-LLi, ^ ooriu, Jia 






12 






cjn 



IL 

III D 

genni Illasatel , Aug. 16, 1913, 

KAESL J. VC?ICI-1^ AS AL2AS5AD0R 







Half-tone, t-.;o colujiui-quarter of a 
pa^e, picture of Lr. Vopicka/ 

Today the Department of State sent the nane of our v;ell-knov;n count ryrian, 
llT. Charles J. Vopicka, to rul^aria in order to find out v;hether he v;ould 
be acceptable as tie future anbassador of the United States^ The appointment 
of Mr. Vopicka for the post of mbassador to one of the Palkan countries had 
been under consideration by the Federal Ck^'^erniTient for quite some time. 
However, a definite decision v/as not made until yesterday, because V.r. 
Vopicka* s appointment ;vas stron/:ly opposed by the "drys" v/ho based their 
principal objections on the fact that !."r. Vopicka is p-.rt o'.vner of a Ghicaro 
brev;ery. 

Today's dispatch ;vouli indicate that :'.r, Vopicka' s nomination ;vill be def- 
inite if the rulfarian 'Ck)vernjnent has rrthinr to say a£i"ainst him. If the 
Bulgarians remember all that tl, :- Eohemian people, both in the old country and 



Denni Illasatel , Aut'. 16* iJlo. 

here in i^.erica, did for then in the first period of tho -reat Lalkan war, 
I.:r. Topicka's no::-ination v;ill have to le accepted by then v/ith rratefulness 
and pleasure. 




B0H3v:iAIT 

WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 

Denni Hlasatel , July 29, 1913. 
STRONJ OP^OdlTIO.. AOAIrioT }5R. VOPICKA 

(Suirimary) 

In the Nevj York iCvenin>7 world an article has been published discussing the 
difficulty v/hich Secretary of State Bryan is experiencing v;ith the candidacy 
of Mr. Charles J. Vopicka for the position of United States envoy to the 
Balkans. True friends and sincere suT)porters of temperance are sendins^ 
Mr. 3ryan letters and telegrams expressin.;^ their disa^opointment and surer ise 
in learning that he v/ants to apooint a brewer to such a hi^,h office. /lis 
^^rape- juice politics is in that way put to quite a test. The Anti-Saloon 
Lea,^e of Illinois started a campai -n against ".r. Vopicka^s nonination and 
is urginr, the Leagues in other states to do the sane. T le Lea:^e*s national 
headquarters in v;ashin.-:ton and a number of other tenoerance bodies have also 
taken nr) the fip.ht. 

In soeakin.^ of t:ie matter, Senator Janes I, Lewis of Illinois declared that 



IV - 2 - BOIMJIAI^ 

^ ^ 1 VyPA (ILL) PRO.!. 30275 

III D Denr.i lilasatel , July 29, 1913. 

L'r. VoDicka had been highly reconunended for the office and that his friends 
expect that his narae v;ill soon be sent into the Senate, Senator Lev/is 
understands that while Mr. Vopicka is the chairman of the board of one of 
Chicago* s lar;^est brevzing companies, he does not drink even his ovvn beer 
and does not permit anythin.;; but soft drinks to be served in his home. 
Recently l'r. Vopicka v;as heloin/; the dry forces to obtain the oassac^e of a 
law establishing^ a minimurr. distance between a saloon and a church or school. 

I.Ir. VoDicka is a nodel citizen, hi/^hly educated and culture^';, speaks five 
langua.^es, and has traveled v/idely. BrevJinr; is a recognized business, and it 
v/ould be illogical for Secretary Bryan to stor) the c?indidacy of an able nan 
just because he is a brewer. 



iCZ 



.jk-i .^^ ; 



T 






Demn Mlasatel^ .ipr 









i-ppC 



-rtj. 



J. J. . ^»^^> K-' 






:i":^p';.T~f^".vTr 



t"* -• ^. T ,"! 



oi:)ring.riOicL, Illincii:, ^^uril L. ^ovemcr Luiuie tca*_:y sent to the senate 
further appointraents of Jtate officials, ajion^ whoi;; v;e find that i.r. 
Jaries B. Dibeika of ^hica,--c has beexi a^:poinoed --t:.te .•.rcliitect. Cur 
count ry:.;aii, I^ibel]:a, is a vJ8llhno'..-n i.ei.ibor of the bohe:;iian corj.iunity in 
Chicaco, a pro.ancnt architect, axic. .. ir.eir.ber of the Chica^^^o i^oard of 
education, i^ov; a recognizee expert in architectare, he has the added 
distinction of bein^ a;oini:ed otate .irchiooct of the otate of Illinois. 
He v;as sponsored for this office by I.ayor Harrison and a niLnibor of 
l^ohOLiian or-:,anizations in Chicar'O, 



III H 

Denni Klasatel ^ Feb. 18, 1912. 

V;ORKING TIIEL33SLY 

I'Xm 3nrinue Stanko Vraz, one of our foremost travelers and authors, who em- 
braced our Bohemian-Ziinerica wholeheartedly, has just returned from a journey 
through the northwest, but we have not had the pleasure of his corapany for 
very long. lie is already on a trip to Texas. I.Ir. Vraz is deserving of a 
hearty welcome everywhere he .^oes, and all of our sincere countrymen should 
willingly and enthusiastically v/ork hand in hand with him. his lectures 
have one purpose: to awaken in the hearts of all Czechs the slumbering love 
toward the land of their birth and the people from wiiom they are descended. 
LIr. Vraz is poorly rewarded at times for his efforts, but this in no way 
keeps him from continuing with the ener®^ and enthusiasm peculiar to him. 



.* . - 

< . s 



f:^ 



» 



iiX.y 









IV 

I c 

Deimi Hlasatel, July 4, 1911 



BOHSIvIIiil^^ 




A :;0RT1:IY BOIELUJU^/" 
(Editorial) 

It it a long standiiic^ custon aiiong all nationalities to remember their 
meritorious men v;hen they have pjissed the ace of fifty years. '.That if we 
also should follov/ that example? Liberal-minded Bohemians of Ghicaco could 
begin immediately. Recently, \e delved in PIabenicht*s "De jinny Cechu .Ameri- 
kych^ (history of i^i.ierican-Bohemians) and here v;e found out that Bartos 
Bitner was bom July 12, 1361 • Therefore, in a very few days he v/ill pass 
his fiftieth anniversary. I.ir. Bitner* s merits as an author, as a journalist, 
and as a liberal-minded man are recognized by all of us, even those who do 
not agree with him from the viewpoint of religion. ViTiat if in some v;ay we 
remember LIr. Bitner, who thus far has harvested so little material recognition 
for his labors? It would surely serve to stimulate him to nev7 exertion of his 
pov/ers, and our people would be benefited thereby. 



^ ^\ 



V5 Is 



V ix ;, ^ 



IV BOHEMI.^ 

II B 2 d (1) 

II A 2 Dennl Hlasatel , May 5, 1912* 

III C 

E^UITOS BITTNER IS DSiiD 

Bartos Blttner is not among us any more* This wise Nestor of Bohemian- 
American newspapermen, whose name is known throughout America, who fought 
for the rights and enlightenment of our Bohemian-Slavonic people for more 
than a quarter of a century, suddenly and quietly departed from the drudgery 
of this troubled world* That sharp pen of his, which for twenty-eight years 
here in america hammered without mercy against everything that was rotten 

and wrote for the better future of our Bohemian people in this land, has 
finished and will write no more* 

To fathom all of the literary activities of Bartos Bittner in the brief 
period of time allowed us for this obituary is an impossibility* From the 

day of his entrance into this country in 1884, Mr* Bittner was in the employ 
of various newspapers; and no matter where he was, he was read and admired 
for his extraordinary journalistic talents* He was bom poet of unusual 
genius, and many of his poems published in Rucn and other papers while he 



IV • 2 - B0HSML4N 

II B 2 d (I) 

II A 2 Dennl Hlasatel , May 5, iyi2^ 

III C 

was still a student aroused the attention of the general public* 

Bartos Bittner was born July 12, 1861, in the village of Milave6,Bohemla« 
After completing his studies in the public school in Milavec, he was sent to 
Domazllce to study in the Gymnasium, from which he graduated after eight 
years with high honors* Mr. Bittner was an excellent linguist, and his 
knowledge of classic and modem languages was amazing* He next entered the 
seminary at Linec, Austria, at the request of his mother, who wanted him 
to become a Catholic priest. He remained there only a few months, because 
he did not like the German atmosphere whicn prevailed there* Next ne went 
to Kralove Hradec to continue his studies* However, he soon left the seminary 
because he could not agree with the teachings which were being instilled 
there* 

He began the study of law in Prague* During that time he was a private tutor 
for tv;o sons of an aristocratic family of Prague* When even the dry science 
of law did not satisfy him, he departed for i\merica in the spring of 1884* 



'r- 



IV - 3 - BOffiaiLAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

II >i 2 Deiinl Hlasatel ^ May 5, iyi2, 

III G 

Bart OS Bittner settled in Cedar Kapids, Iowa, the Bohemian- 
American ^Athens," where he taught in a Bohemian Free Thought school. On 
February 8, 1885, he returned to New York and entered upon the thankless 
road of Bohemian-American journalism. They were hard times, those first 
beginnings of BoHeraian-American journalism, vith much v;ork and little money. 
In New York Mr. Bittner edited the Americkjr Delnfk (American Woricer) and 
the Sunday paper Sotek. He was also employed as editor-in-chief by the 
New Yorsk6 Listy^ which, in addition to its daily paper, published the 
New Yorske Humeri sticky Li sty. In New Yoric, Mr. Bittner was greatly es- 
teemed and admired* 

From New York he moved to Chicago where he was em; loyed by the Svornost and 

Duch Casu . Mr. Bittner was a verj^ prolific writer. Besides many educational, 
belletristic and poetic works, he wrote a biography on Jan Amos Komensky, 
the famous teacher of nations, on the occasion of the three-hundredth 
anniversary of Komensky*s birth. He also wrote a catechism for Freethinking 
youth. Hundreds and hundreds of his excellent educational articles, poems. 



IV - 4 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

II H 2 Dennf Hlasatel > May 5, 1912. 

III C 

and treatises are to be found in the various newspapers to whicn 

he contributed, as for instance the Dennice Hovdveku , Americkd OsvSta, 
Hlas Lidu . New Yorske Li sty « Spravedlnost , and others* 

From 1893 to 1905, Mr. Bittner published his ovm paper in Chicago, the name 
of which was Sotek, and which is still remembered by many countrymen. It v;as 
a democratic, Free Tnou^t, humorous, satirical weekly* At first the paper 
was printed in his own shop at 625-627 Laflin Street, but later it was printea 
In various shops. Tne paper enjoyed a large circulation in Free Thought 
circles and also widely distributed outside the limits of Chicago. 

In 1894, the year after the Columbian iilxposition, Bittner was the defendant 
in a suit brought by the Bohemian Benedictines because of several articles 
which he wrote attacking them. During that period Bittner suffered a great 
deal. He was forced Into hiding in order to escape an arrest warrant issued 
against him. In that critical period, his best friends in Chicago came to 
his assistance and furnished a $20,000 bail bond so that he would nt have 



IV - 5 . BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 d (1) 

II A 2 Dennl Hlasatel . May 5, 1912. 

III C 

to be confined in jail while awaiting trial. Bittner^s 

Chicagsky Sotek was published for the last time on September 22, 1905* At 
that time Mr. Bittner sold his entire business to the Narodnl Tiskdma, 
which then began the publication of the weekly paper H02hledy» 

Bartos Bittner was employed by the Dennl Hlasatel from July, lyil, to the 
day of his death. Prior to tiiat time, he contributed many articles to the 
paper and to the Kalendaf^ His articles were read with the greatest in- 
terest throughout /ynerica* 

Exactly when Bartos Bittner died will remain a mystery forever. According 
to the report of the coroner, Dr. Hunter, the cause of de jth was heart 
failure. Other details are lacking. 



Funeral expenses will be paid by Bittner *3 friends. 



1^ 



Denni '"l::n?.tel, Vj^ o, 1911 






The body of ^.r. Ctok-'ir Liulvik, son of .jts, 3ohu:.ila Ludvi::, 
director of oi.e Sol.ei.rl-.in theatro, :.:id fa:.:ou3 drui.iatic -"rtict, 
'.:ill be cre:i:ited at :-ontro::e Ce::ietery, an., the re. x- ins oariod 
in the Bohe.iian 'National ■^eiietov. lie aied odnesdav nor-'' 



.X.V 









t'..enty ye^^vs and six Months of ac-e. It Iz' not lon.r 



since liia father, V.r. Fraiiiti:el: Ludvih, also a director, aied, 
huch G'amathy is beiny ex'^resseu to the .Tief-strichen ..other, 
in tlie aope that it v;ill at le st, partially alleviate licr 
tv;ofold sorro:;. 



The funeral of the deoasoa v:ill tahe ^)lace t;.is 






nine fro:; 






s hall at ICti: and Laflin htre.-ts. 






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enno;led anl ctro^v'tKencid ^:or character, ^3 arilu;::^ c:' :.he fact that 

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ohe ^00-: an active _.'art in our naoion-:! and social life, v-md in tliat 
KiaiHier 3iie ha^ rnade an ovorlastin.-; iTira^ession u;:cn cur ]"-e:\Gries. 
T'Ont -."ill tano ^)lace i}i lohei .ian ha "^ional J-^aetery. 



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u^ese we re- 

vri:it:c. in our Ccilendar. It \::\S in tiiese kittle slLric;^, vrritten in 
3i. .pie, iincier:.uancc.clc vjords, th-it i?i^:c*s tnlc.t ^vr^s Le t siiov;n. 
Leinc cin e(luC:..ted :;:an, a . r duate of the ;i::::her :::'i jiasii::.i in hraiovy 
hradec, and nn expert oi" the Zz*jc\. icm :u: ge, .;e rilv.;.-;-s onde::Vored 
h.nGr:ibiy so th:it his v;crh:: vjculc influence cth^^rs, and he \i^^ 
renarhabl" succeGsful. 



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^ he i: hnown throu;-!! a jreut 
:::an:' trcinslaticnr- , a_l of v;hic:. ^ere ver^ .-ucces^-^f^il and scv^rnt aTter 
by all reuders. 



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IV -4- BCiL^.I .il 

xl ii :. d (1) 

1.1 i^ i u 7jcydA lll..L:utol^ . .r, 10, 19il« 

but also 13 a di.vt;.;ijui3licd fuiutcur ..ctor. T .o::e old lov vr: of the 
ar.\:.tour tlxoatro, \.IiercvGr it :tili flourichoc, re:.o. ibor i^^r.^nti^ek Fi^ier 
:.e.i.l« yci3 iiidocd, it i:: h.^rdl;- p03::ible to for -c't oco of iiir rolor*, 
'.whether tlioy be of ■. ncricuG or c ic cli ract^r, ;.Iiicii lie jcrtrayod 
on the ota;o. Lol un rocollect oiiiy Iii3 -'Valonta" in ^UVilicov ccorl/' 
(Ihu charcoal-br.rncr':: duu.-^itor) in '..liicii role lie had no peer. T.ie 
ota.je broa, iit ?lGor ju t ao nany frionc:: as hi:: activity aa a joirn li .t 
and .riter; ala ho..ev r, both brou, >it only frioadr^hip anc lioral tjcoj- 
nition. ^. taor loo, he r, C to :tra;;lc hard for .Ji oxi.teaca, .inH had 
to G::jrt a:i hi:.; forcen if ac v;i.'hGd to have hi.^ fa'.iiy 1 c: nothir.;:. 

Of hio iPdcnt love for thu ho::cla»\'^ - r^ :u;r all tiiin n ;:ojie:.i n, ..e 
have innuiiePibl'' j::anplc : at hrjid, ■lU] library, of tlio choice:'. t 
Bcaei.ian v:orL^, GpcaI:G f ;. r ..11 of those. It \;a^ notaiat^ ::tr .a»:o for 
Fraatise]: ^U'^er to u::o tiio lar.t pen;iy, if nccos. ary, to acnairo no. le 
Lohenian b ol:# 

l^rantiJe]: Fi^cr ;.'iS bora in .tudcncc v i'odhri:ono/*'. and ..as fortv^-oevoa 
years old at his do .tii. .iS ha;: been s.id, he cao to Aaeric -n ICLt?, 









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cra:.atic c^ul., "Jabicnjl/.'," 



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fijieral ;.ill Lc aold ^^••j:ida' 






9 o*cioc:: fro:: hi3 forr.ier 



...s- A Xx 

reiide:.ce a^ r:OtO oouth ^t. ^ouic ..venue, laen to tae Caurch of tlie 
i.oaa:.ian ^ie. red .^:ne^, a:ic fro.. Lauro tc tae l^ca^.-iaa irati^aial 



12 BOIlE^a.'.K 

II A 2 

II F Denni Illasatel , Oct. 15, I9IO. 

1;IR. PR. G. H:JIC£K E,LH;CT:D STAT^ CHAIRrjiK OF BUILD- 
ING i^iND lca:. i^sc oci/iTio:;s o? tmil st^.T£ cf illikgis 

p. 1— Yesterday we received a telegra^T. from ^uincy, Illinois, where the con- '* 
vention of building and loan associations of Illinois is being held. The 
telegraiP. informs us that ?'r. Fr. G- Hajicek, banlcer and realtor of V/est 
Twenty-sixth Street, has been elected state chairman of the building and 
loan associations of Illinois. J 

Heretofore }'t . Hajicek has served as vice-chairman. V 



TT 1 

x J. ^"i ± 

HI :i Denni ^ga^alcl , July 14 » 1^10. 

:i TJ?x^ fro:.; Bui:L:..iii 

?.l, Col. - — .-.fter u stav in Bohei.iiii l-j:tinr uoout a 7ei;r r.r. F. J. Fara, re- 
turned with hi^ far.ilv ana v;ill resune his 'practice.- 



r' 



'.Ye ^rti convincuc- his patients v;hc Irnow his v/ide professicriai oxp: ri^nce and 

his friendly demeunor v/ill not fail to refne^-nber hi>'i when thoy are in no:-d of ?: 

.nodical uid. "is none o.Tice is loca..ed on :^liftcn rar> ^vc, -^nc "est 26th ^■' 

rt., and his buL:inee.s office -,vill bo located in *'r. '^cnsik»s "^ru^ ftore on c^ 

V;est 26tn 't., and Turner Ave. ^5 

Dr. Fara, did nct g,o to Boneinia for pleasure. ]^e sought to iraprove hi.T.self 
in his profession, to v/hich he i^ dejica'.ec \;iiole-.hoiirt. dly. 

He visited various clinics to v.lcen his knc.vled{;e of sur. ery, and also visited 
universities in Prague and Vienna. 



i.^ "^. » A . .1 A. '" i\ 



II /> • 




II B 2 


f 


III " 




II A 1 





"^enni 'Ila^atel, "ur. ^^, 1"10, 



?.2--T".'.'0 disti:\^:uished ccu/itry:.ien v.lll leave i'cr "urcoe in a f'jv; days, pro- 
fes:.or of "usic Yilin and Dr. rudstata, for:..er director of the institution 
fcr feeblo-r.dndcd at "Tl^'in, 111. Alroad, Dr. lodstatu, will uo interested, 
"nrinci:>allv, in inctit.iticns I'or the i'eeble-Liind^id, hcs^-itals t^nd sanilari- 
ur.s, Vv'hich he v/ill visit in Ger -anv und .'ustria^ '"rofetsor Vili-^ v/ants to 
enjov the Deautios of t-ie Italiun couiitry -nd r.uslc. The for;.;cr v/ill tri:.vcl 
viu the !Iu'nburt //^.erinan 'Tte:..:.ship Dir^e, v.Vieroar: jrcfessor Vili-i v/ili Gail 
fro TTev/ York to ":aplo£. Tie v;ill vir-.t Done, ''ilan, and r.ahe ix trip to 
Z'^'-'edon. Theri, in Dra'-uo he v.ill -ne-^t ^r . yodstata and torothor they ;vill 
tc;r "oheT.ia. It waif, ccne 2::- yearF a^ c, ^ir.ce '^rcfescor Vili*n v;vc in Do- 
herda and it ic nov; his desire to acuiaint hl.iself with the oror;rosj: ai.d 
the changes thai, have been made since hip last visit, generally, and spe- 
cifioallv in the Musical world, "because he nast conduct . er^onallv the 
final t:;xaninL^tiOi. and annuui concert of his cone ervatcr^, he will return 
aijout June 1. Dctn r.en leave Chicayo to-ni- ht, on the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road. 



Ttr B0H3;nAN 

I A 1 a 

jjj 3 2 Denni Hlasatel ^ Uar* 29, 1907. 

II A 1 

BOHSLOAN APPOINTSD AS PRINCIPAL OF A SCHOOL. 

p. 2, col. 3.. The school board has appointed a Bohemian, Dr* K. J. Lunak to 
the position of principal of the Goodrich Public School, located at Jefferson 
and 14th Streets. His appointment will become effective at the start of next 
week. It will be of interest to Bohemians of Chicago to know that Dr. K. J. 
Lunak attained this high ranking position through his ambition to better his 
social standing and the perseyeranca to reach his goed. 

He is the son of J. V. Lunak, who is the secretary of the grand lodge of C. S. 
P. S*, a Czecho^Slovak Benavolent Society in St. Louis, a well known national 
Bohemian organization. Dr. K. J. Lunak was educated in a public school in 
Cleveland, Ohio, later moving to Kewaunee, Wisconsin, ^lere he attended a 
public high school. He then taught in the public school of that town for sev«» 
eral years, but the longing for better education brought him to Oshkosh, Wis- 
consin, where he studied at the normal college. He was an outstanding student 
there, making it possible to complete his course in less time than it usually 
requires. 

He then returned to Kewaunee, Wisconsin, to teach in a high school and in a 



- 2 - BOHEMIAN 

Denni Hlasatel , Mar. 29, 1907. 

short time was appointed its principal. However, he longed for a big city 
like Chicago, so he came here and took the examination for principals of 
public schools* Of the 122 candidates who participated in the examination, 
five were passed as having the necessary qualifications. Dr« K* J* Lunak 
was one of those five, rating third among them« 

In his spare time he studied to be a doctor and passed his studies success-* 
fully* He will be indeed a valuable asset to the public school system of 
Chicago* 



:v 






HI a 

III B 2 



-1 r> >"•. T 












ni£;Lt*^r of th-^ nciti en- v.idc or ^_^::i ZL^tic:., t.i-: Ton: cf Lcnjc?:.!:-:. This society, 
v;hich har abcut ^0,OCC rr-r^uLori:, holci itr cc:ivcnti.-:i^ -nd election in rev; 



i^-'li- .>XC' . L/IiUX • 



.- ^^ - r^. r. 



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. . ^ w^ « -4 X C ^ X A i ^ X k. 1 . > '^ . > k ^ < . 1 1^ <^ X 

 rand :nacter, und '.'oc . Lcv;^;, coroner of 
tc v;in the election, Ijut 



ordor sour'ht -he honoruLlo cfi'icu of 






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an ovorv;neir:iin2 



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c... a:1venture v;hich very not: 



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V cL „ X • • •-«- » . . L' O '_t v_ U t« .^ i 1 'o . t X • ' w L/ -« / •^ *iV^ i. O v-. U. a. ii>- I • 



.""abuth't' train v;a£ follcv/ln^ •:- frci^^.ht-train. "','hilc both train:- v;ere run- 
nin: at full snoed, 5.ovorul :u..r^ trcho i:\va" fro::: th'3 f r-^irht-train und to- 



i'cn to roll Lc.ck alcn; tho track, v,hich i -^ tnere cte':y:'lv ; racel, tov;ard the 
parjson^ or-train, cruchin^; into the loconiotive, \vhich v/a^ co:.:pletely de:::cl- 

my T 

1 C r 1 O <■ ' 
^ W 4 X ^^ ^.■. • 



, J '■- 



I 



onni ' 1 



4- 






I r, ^. C' 



Tae en mecr crvj. tne 



T V . > 



-I. V r. . s. 












r "I 



-i V 









; ere suffered critical in.'-;ri-:r. 

'.vai thrcv;n iri^tor a tullo, v;h-i.r:.. rcvt.r:  ;-. i-cc?: 

.-• n Y* /- -"^ -1 — •.- -1 >■» i> Vi^ C " ' "^ '"i "?" "f  '"i f • 1 ■" •'"• ■^" "^  \,'r. "f- -'* • t "i , . . >^. c-* * 'v^ <" r> V , -■ 'r-» ■• ' . . r -f /- T* 4 <• j-^ c> r* 



IV 






II r ' 



»T 



II r 5 






Dennl '-'l asatel » "^ept. 1, l^'OZ^. 
I iA 2 a 

.?. l--oo:::'5 aay, Lrftor t.ie eld people's hor.ie una tie crphuruif e h-^Yr^ become a 
ret-.lity, v;hen BoheniLn old pec.-le -..vA orph ai^ praise thocs v;"ic so ent .usias- 
ticully v.'orkec to :'rovi/.e Tor th'oir vvelfare and happiness:, let tne;:: not for- 
get to po to our !^ational ^erietory and at the gruvo of Josef Y. "uteji^a to 
remerriuer the.iikfuli\^ him v/hut "benv^utn t.:a:, sod drea...s in ocrjetuul sleen. c^o^ *"^ 
sei V# Mat^Jlia took upon hiTisolf uhe tusk of jstablishi..^:, u.i soon a:^ j:os::.iblG 
a rtjfuge for those v;ho in their old a. o had no plactj to ^'O. He dodicatcd him- 
self entirely to that cur oce, v/orkin for it v.ith ..illin nes- and entnuj^i- 
us;:i, sottin- u ^ood .:-:a:aple for others; he urouccu ti^e waver in, frora tneir 
leth:^rg:v. !.-ate.-k.. could ul-vavs be fcan-. wh-revor "che old neor^le's homo or 
trie orpriana^'e v/ero under co..sidcration. ?o be .^ure, he did not live lon^ e- 
nourU to see his work completed. ''tricken bp' dealh, he sank into his grave, 
but thie seed v/hich he LO-..'ed so v;ell ..ill surelp' beer fruit. ';ay his me^nory 
live forev-r! 

He was buri^rd in the ITutior.ul Ce .ei:ery y^sterdap, in that ce..ietor:/ of which 



iT D -: 

II " V 

I A 2 a 

II 1 1 c (1) 
II ] 



1 









Tenni -ila^ atel» 



o i- 






he .-.ai: so endlosclv orouo. bec-.uc ' it its u '^ohcrnicn ce:neter\s tho r:ride of 
Ohica,: o Bohemians, in " ne .ucjesc of v:hic'r. ''ate.-^k-. alv;ays took r;leu^':ure, for 
he sa,; in it a pov/urful support Tor all cur natic.ial and nhilantiiropic pro- 



C/ wi 



mun "./ho had con- 



j;scts. }le v/a: buri-^d in a difnil'iod rr^ann^r, ub l-efit 
secrauod his './holt life to '^oher.ianr. 7ro^' the houce where he had livi?d with 
his fu:.:ily, an^. v;u^re hu di^d, u^ ITiwetocntii "^troet •:na Blue Island hsnco, 
i-is '-'Ody v;ac ta^cen to the hall of the rohenicn-dT.erican '^chool, where it lay 
in state to ce vi»;pv;ed for tne lui L tino cy his e.;ornc is circle cP friends. 
The curtain of ~^a^ szuie v;^.: lirap^d in uourn Ln^. Indeed, ^'ate/'ha v;a: an ar- 
dent supporter of the theatr:^, .n : it is difficult to decide v;hich he v.^:- 
nore ent..usiastic ubcut, the theatre or .he old ceo'-le': horie . '"hortlv a. ter 
ton o'clock trie sad ceroiiiony .Vo,! be/ ;n h-/ l-iis droth-jrs of the so--ial or/rani- 
zations to ..hich he belon|_ed. Cozei' ^'o.tojka '..as a very active :r.e:r.ber of the 
Czecho-.:lova.: "enovoient ^ocicty ar:d of the Bohe: .ion-Anerican Foresters, and 
for thau reajron rr.any members of theso po,;erfui organizations :.r rived to es- 
cort tnis broth->r of tneirs to his final rectin' -r^lace. 









17 

I A 1 a 
\ II A 1 



BO^T^'IAN 



De mi Illasatel, 3e^ t« dc, 1101. 

k::co:}Ai no:: of a BO'A.rL..:. 

Dr» Josef ?• Lunak, 658 Loomis ot,, Arpointad Professor of rractical ''entistry. 

It is v.'ith DlGas;;ro tAat evor"one recoivos t-ie reoort t:i:.t one of our countr'/- 
nan has been honersd bv beinr culled to act as a Professor of uenzistr^r at 
I f r thv;e s 1 9 rn Uni ve r s i t y • 

Dr« Josef ?• Lunak was arjooin'ced irofossor of Lentistrv at a meatirip: of tlie 
DireoTors of .«='ort:v.ve stern Vni •orsit''.'' Deiital Scliool last v-eok. re v^ill take 
un iiis duties i: ::ediat9l^^ as tl:e studv of centistrv co^o: encs • at the Univ:=rsity 
this v/eek. The appoint::.ent is oxtTHordinary, for tl.n reason tFiat Dr. Lunak did 
not seek it* It v;as offered to liim by the Directors • 

Dr. Lunak v/as a distin-'uished student at tliis institution, and it v/as, ther.^fore, 

for Iiis earn-^st indun-^ry that he v;as "•iven the greatest reco'^n'i tion r^or.sible t!iat 

the Ini-^ersity coul<l bestov; on one of its students, v/r.ich is t be a vointed 
valedictorian of h: s class. T:iis unus'inl rr^conition of the y-uthf 'j1 i:.ohe:uian 

is now furt;.ur advanced by his a-point: ont •::o the faculty. 






Donr.i Hlasatel^, Sopt. ^^, 1^01. 

Dr. Josef F» Lunedc was oorn in ^levoland in 1'::'78, and his appoixitifient is all 
the r.ore extraordinary cecai.;se oi" his youth. z.voli in the first year of his 
studies at the University, attention was I'iirected tov/ar:is him, and he was soon 
recoJ^nizGd as the le.-;dor of his class, which class elected hii-n to remborship 
in the fraternal society, .'si 0: era. 

So far as v;a kno:.T, ho is the first. BoherAan in Oliice.^o to be so honored. The 
nev;s of his elevation v;ill bo v;elco?iod bv ull his :*riends« 



17 5C:ii::.a..i; 

III B 4 

III C Illinoi s -ta^^ts -eitunf , July L, I9OO. 

F.6--Cn the occasion of his tvent'/-rifth anniversary u£ castor, the ^ever- 
end 'Colin "/euomul: Yae£-er hc^s reccivec con'rutulutions ^.no' beet v/ishes from 
every ?tate of the ''nion. ;-.ll the cler^'y v.v.o attend:.-! the convention of 
the "^ohe.rdan Clerical .'ocietv oresentec ther.sclvcs at Ft, "-rocoraus' /bhey 
to extend, personally-, their food wishes to the ;;^.ev^::;rend Pather Yae^er. He 
also received delegations frcn various Catholio societies -and co:rj?.unities. 
Speakinj^ for the Bohemian Cuthcli.' clergy of ^'Inerica, the Reverend V.illiam 
Choker addressed Father Yaorer. 

Cn behalf of ""t. procopius' parisi": .-.Ibert Kakulslca, chairman of the church 
cor.'ji'.itoou, extended coni_rut'ilati ens . John "^elko convoyed the cood v;ishos 
of the First Catholic '.'nion cf America. The churcn v/ill ..onor Father Yae- 
fer at ^ o'clock tnis morninr-t followed later ]y^ a ban^iuot at o.ie abbey. 



c: 



I V 



BOHEMIAN 



Svornost, I .'.rrch 1st, 1900 • 

POLITICS, CITY AlW COl^MY 

Lieutenant Ptacek (John S.) from Mrocvrell Street Sta^tion vyr^c- no^in-ted 
Assistant Po'ice Superintendant, after Lyiaan Lewis. 



> • 



It is the next pcsltion to Chief of Police Kipley. Mr. Ptacek won ^•: 
the highest niinber of points in the Civil Service exaniin.- tion. The :*" 
ot'.er candidate Lieutena.nt John !•!• Haines friled to pass the exair^ination* c^ 

ro 

■"^' 
uf ■• 

Police Lieutenc-.nt Ptacek was born in Ottawa, Illinois in 1231, livin.; in 
Ghic/vgo since childhood* He cecan:e a policenan in 1884, desk sergeant 
in 1885, partcl-sergeant in 1890, police lientenant in 1895, police 
captain of V/estern Park District in 1896. 



II A :^ a (1) 

II A 2 3vornorjt , Dec. r^., 1839, 

II D 1 

■•.l -..' T  V'1'''-^~' 

I.IercilesG death acjain riov/ed do\.z\ ono o:' the younc '^/orliers in the national 
field, Hud tl.ereby took km fron the nn;:3 or Lis beloved fariily at a tine 
\;hen, after Iiard -orl:, his dut^ios ;:ere o:-L3ia; L;on;e\/iiat. 3. !:]• Janovsjiy was 
truly a s:jli*-i-:::;de nan, ..j a 17 year old youth, deoen'ient only u;:on himself 
eii::loyed in the stoclcyards, in a rel.. Lively short time he becane the owner 
of a .rint sh^M^, :;. Ilotarv luhlic and a:i Ins"ai-aace .-.rent, v/itli a successful 
bijT. iness» 

He cahie to .j;iericu in o.ie your 1887 I'ron Vlatne, Cocli-.cr., (::o]ienia)« ':e 
:;crked in the stockyards and "ohe f..ea^re Introduced hin into the national 
life, lie first tooh •:)art in the .-Iciy "Zi'.^ot Ze, Tritele" (Life ?or a rriend) . 
He hecane ac aiainted ;;ith Lr. J . h. ones, \:'..o at that time je.i'an to publish 
in the To.n of Lake *'Czvenu'* (^c^io). lie visit. .-d him after work and learned 
to set tyje, yrom tnen on there uxDhablv wa^ not a ciiiw^le theatrical ^3er- 
foriuance in •\:icl: he did :ioz take :'art. here hie- talents were reco.jnized 



^tK' 



V ^ *., ^ -iJ > >'.i..L^ ■>! »■> J. J-y^t 

ir"A 3 d { 1) 

II A 2 .Svo nust , ;;ec. 5, 1899. 

II D 1 

and his acquaintance erilurcod. 

'.s'hen he reac'.ied /-i:^' nijoritv iio diu no': idle, Lut becarn-i^ e. citizen and took 
an cxtive ini^erejo in oolitics ana /lere, l-1lo, ..e -gained i.icny i'riends* 

He o jn.3d a prino sno^j in the "Tov;n of ijOike'^ at 6^9 Gross z-.venue, ;;hich 
property he hou^:ht v;ith hi:^ brotiier', llarl, v;ho learned to set vy;-e, and 
to(;et!:er t.hey conducted a print in^^ business. Me also at^.em ;T.ed to I'o'vind 
a wee'cly iJid publisiie .. loiii' nuiibers of *'IIovonest3k3''ch Lictu" (llev; City Paper), 
but rieans ;;ere incurficient -ror I'urt.er j)Ublication« In cpite ox* that, he al- 
ways had it in mind. 

Vlastenec Lod^^e I.'o. 142 C.^.I'.w. ( Gr:ee:i03lova/: benefit 3>ociety) V7as represented 
oy hii.i in the Grand Lod^e of Illinois and at the Detroit Convention. He v;as 
secretary of the i:ational >ran:l Lo<ije of the I^ibor /jociety. He vras also secre- 
tary of the h'ev; City I; lildinj and Loan .association. 



f» 



IV 



X3V^. — i. ^4. >. «k.<i i^a 



T*^ M ''i >-^ 



Hans Balauka, distinr^- ishec critic, nusician anci cc:..pcceT, cied yosLor- 
day ::iorriin;j in his hone at I^o. .-..16 rrencnt ^^e, .ii3 ce-..th v;'dS caused 
by he-Po trouble, lie ;.as 75 -^e'^rs oj-C , but u:. until t\.c vears a -o he 
was i:till able-bodied. 

Lurint: the pest ye-ar he had been t\.ice otri'-ken ^;ith infj-uen^.. , aiid 
tnis sap]>od his 3tren{:th, iho ocdy v:ili lie in Suate In Ilaendel Hall 
on Xiiursday, fro;. IG o*cloc.: in tuo nornir:;- until 1 c'clcek in the 
afternoon, follO'.:in[: v;hich a I'luicral service ..i-il be hold. 

•Dy cri.vin, i^alatka ',.as a i^cheruan, but he v;as acti e arionr; the -^erLians 
all his lire. 

Ke v;as born, ...area b, IS^G, at :.ofrnun^:3thal, ...or-ivia. 

Gifted v;ith a fine voice, he s ji;: as a child in the local church choir and 



* ■/'N' ■»■ ••■• 



j. J 



.1 «^ 



3 b 



Svorno":t , .i;^r. .IG, IBO^ 



;9 



later in the l:.rc*er churche:^ s':ch a'^ the ••reat cathec^ral in Clcn uce. 

y.e receivea his rir::t Musical ecuCitioa in tiiut cit*', ^it Cloncuce, 
ae received hit: ele:.iJnt .r;; schccling* ^t-^-r.: vd ho ;:^tucied law az 
tne Vniversit" of Vierjia. 



In sienna h9 became cirector cf the ".^ca '^r.ic '-^iucini: -ociety'- and he 

v;a3 an instructor at the eonr.ervutorv. -^e took ^art in the student 

uorisinj, and in the stor:/' ""ear ol* lc;4& he v;as forced tc leave \ienna 

ana flee fro:: hi:: hciiel^nd to .J.iericn. lie settled in ...il'.:c:ukee, \vhare 

he i:iiediutely r:.e,Ce friends '..ith i..e o^r:;.ans and be-jan to v;orl: ajnong 

tae;.». he or;:ani::-d a '*v^eri".an oinjiri^* occlety" in the ye-.r 18;-C, '..'hich 

is stili in eAistence. In the year IcCX, there \v?is performed, under 

his direction at tne local Cithedral, east ouyerior and ota;:e ots., 

"Loza. t's ?.eouie:..-' v.ith sucn Surr)risin.' success, that shortly there- 

after i-alatka .;as called oo Chic.;.-o to become tne director of tne 

•^Philhari.'iOnic Jociety," '..liicn position he occupied fc^r six ye.L.rs, 

Later he decane a director of other ..lusic 1 and vocal societies, h^ 
iuana.*ed a series of s^n^honic concerts, and in loc7 he c^cair.e .. ir-^CLcr 



17 









X .V O D 



.voriio.:'C , 



.: M" 






"  QO 



Oi tiie 



tf 



n 



^envunia ...::enu^^-rc-icr," ana v.rcto roverai opcr:s. r..o c:re:ii 



-n^^,, ft ,^.'> 



rire'^ cr ic71 co:^t.ro''ec hi.^: valualle colijcoion of riusic, cind he a. ain 
accepted a positioii ar: director in ..-il;;aukce. 

In 1:775 ae a;:ain returned to ^hica.c and, '..itii t:;e exception of a short 
period in -v. ^oui::, he re.:ided here until his death, here, he cr^ani. ed 
the choral sccieuy "LieCorhranz" and the "...oziirt Oiub'' and urraiit^ed nany 
concerns u^jl coer.iS, \*hich v.ere r)artl:ipaLed i:. I" ::uch articLs as i.i^ie. 
rarepa ncs^, ^-^elaide hiel^^cn, Gertrude ra:r.enhei:;, anc Car::, ..hitne:, 






n • •• 



OanaiGus. ..e ;;roi:e: ''Kur::e ^^schicn 
vrchejter..;usih in wnic^£*o.*' 






-ucih" ana *-G€SChic„te der 



lie wa.' tne nusic criiLic of tne crer..an journal Il.linoiG Jt :;ts l^eitiuir;. 



L-urin/;^ his younjir years he often ::.et ..ith the local hohei:dan settlers 
and at suvhi ti:ies alv;ays spche :-chei..ian» 



-:e saia that by origin he uas a -^ohe.uian, but that circurnstances had iiiade 
a 'Serbian of hi :• .xil hcnor to his neriorv. 



IV 



T-, .•>» r — t "J" : r — 



III J 

III C Svornost, ]:ar* :":i, IcvG, 

I -•. 

Tlie lar^e Bohc^nian Connu:ixt;/ oi* Chicajo ka^ lest one o:' itG ; ioiicer^, a 

ir.nn pr-o...inen~-. and active in nation-.! and politic:.! lire, .:o ..111 be iiourned 

and rei;!' in in tl.rj iae:::orv oi' eveiyono '.;!io has -zno .11 liiin, I'jr. . a':u<irucker died 



yesterday at G ^..!;. after a rolon ed .;ic .ncGS, confined to hi:i bed i*or a 
Ion.; tir.ie. 

.ivo:\^ 3o!:e-.ian in dhica .0 2»t:)eeivod ..iT-h sorr^v tno ne::s 01* thu deatd of a 
nan '.dio .;os303i;:?d t!:-^ coiipl^tu eoni'ide.iCe of Chica;:o*3 •:Ol;e:.iians. I_e -i/ill 
be buried in t:ie .Jaui ^nal BolieiJiiian Je...etory» .^^ ;;iod a~ o!^ years of arre, 
::e :;';:^ born in Ita in yono::ia. an;; cni.o to tno ITnited ot:-te3 in 1^^67. re ' 
oyoned a tailor s/iop in n-.rtnerG.;!:) *-it]i \.v. f.li:)al, st: rtia; on Oanal street, 
and tb'/n . . -' 1 '.; '.  ,. . ". . ' '. ../.*« ■. "• . i... . ../ uii."nr"> r '..ao v^.n'; active in social 

a:id ;~.olii\ical lif^t, ':'.■, partioi;ated *.it:i arlo:* in the .l;Ociali:^tic I':Ove!;l^Jnt£. 
.le struij^;:i.od a^.. ..i:; ^.if^: :;o ,:ain :C t.i-. "..orr:in.; .•;:C;:i.o all t)0l3^ l:. rivii.;^es 

and n-'jceosary re;;reoentation in ;;oli:,icc. ..i:: c^y^ly ai.ibition irat: to ir:.;rove the 
Gituatlon of dc]ie:;i:in 'yjrlior^. 



IV 
III D 

T .:' 



'.* wj^^ ji. .X->^ * 






iratic party  h ' • il'iert^l to 
.ould -.iroteet the .:orkin • masr^. 



Denocratic party • h' • ;:hf;rti^: to it b :C ii::o he :'aa convinced th 



tr joined the 












IV 

II 3 2 d (1) 

II B 2 d (o) oyorn os_t, Jan. 1'^, 1896. 

II ..1 

Tiie Doheniaii coi.uauiiity i:: the U.3# r-r;s .-.raff ere:' r. T^^-t end unredeouaLle loss 
ill its nation: 1 and oliticril li^'e. 

»;ith tlie death o:' Carl Jonas, the 'iohai.'iicin— j.iericun coi.xiuriity lost its first 
tutor and protc;ctor, iz-^ national idealist, ana inst-*uctor, .:ince 1 -er^, vviien 
he '.vas 23 years oj a^:e, he had oiTered all his enarrjyi ability, and life zo 
the cau^e of av;a:e.in' ana :r.:ci^in. . tlie bohai.iian-:j:r:'^rican ■-^eo'ile to honest 
v.'orlci.tanahia anl education, 

Over-zorhed, he lost the fi.^ht '.;ith life as the .uierican conjul in CreTeld, 
\;here h-c .'epresentrid iiis .jr.erican Gountr;i.icn# 

Carl ronas as .:no-. n and honored by ev^r:^ BohoMian in .j.iorica ^urin.j the last 
C53 years bec" osu he ;;as al\:ayG active as re: orter, adii or, e.n-i. nana^^'r o.. ^he 
publications Slavit,-, Zv/on, -rorok and ^uierican. 



II B £ d (1) 

II B 2 d (3) JyornoGt, Jan. 17, IojG. 

II A 1 

His :..aiu v.'ovl:3 ai-^j a 3o]ieMian-::]a;lic"i voc.bulaiy, '^•^ ..'oman in a iluraaii 
Community," 'VvUistro- r Tican I acts aiid Convent ions,  '^Arierican LaW (3 editions), 
"Boheifiian Inter^ore tat ions ''or iii.:ericans«^ 

He also studied la".;, political scionce, and ec-jnoi^y. He cr-jr^ted tHe liolienian 
colony in Halodonia, n:-:!' ..acine, .is» 



A 

xi 



ro'^ublica:! until 1G72, he was entirely absoroed \.ith the creation of his bit< 
Boherraan colon*^ in Hal^.donia. 

Beloved, eloquent, Iiis advice ..as al-./ays a^- reciat'jd and a,:u"oved even by the 
old settlers in his nev; colon'-'. 

In 1872, Carl Jonas bocai.io s denocrat, tahinj sart in th- state *s dejaocratic 
eveats and ;:ainin>j roidn-.-nctt and influence anon,' older : olisicans, 

ITobody could state that he as a ^.rofessi jnal politician ctin>,^ for his oxm 






IV - 3 - }3QHz:i.:i.\i: 

II 3 13 d (1) 

II 3 2 d (":) Svoniost, Jar.. 17, 1806, 

II A 1 

profit, — honestly or dishonestly. :;e never soiled his honor for 
polit,ic::l reasons ami ho t all _ :*o..;ise3 to i'rienhs and :.olitic^l opponents. 

harried '-O Christine Ilo'^icha, dau^jh.er ol* a hacine fanTior, he left 4 children, 
all married and in the United htates. 

A freethinh^^r fron his youngest y^;ars, hj n:^v-r i.eliuvod in the doininating 
pov:er oh priesthooa or no. ili^y o ur the po;;ulation. The activity or his 
v;holo life . -s concenuriited in that direction. The :rie:::ory of Carl Jonas 
should never :e forgotten. 

•le '.as huried in '■ra;:ue, holi^jnia. 



IV BQHSatlAN 

II B 2 d (3) 

II B 1 d Illinois Staats Zeitung . Aug. 6, 1891. 

I A 2 b 

AN IMPORTANT FESTIVAL 

An opportunity presented itself yesterd^^y to the Bohemian population of 
this city to express their sincere gratitude and sympathy towards one of 
their eminent and well-known countrymen, the Rev. Joseph Molitop, who 
celebrated his riSth anniversary as a priest. His life presents, indeed^ 
a part of the history of the development of Bohemian colonization in the 
United States* 

His arrival in Chicago in 1866 was of far-reaching importance to the 
development of Bohemian activity and Catholic religion locally as well as 
in the whole west* Sensing the truth that the school is the most effective 
means and its results most lasting for the cultivation and maintenance of 
desirable national characteristics and customs, he devoted to this branch 
of education of his countrymen his undivided attention and activity* 

As president of the Bohemian Literary Club of America he found ways and 



IV - 2 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 d (3) 

II B 1 d Illinois 3taat8 Zeltung, Aug* 6, 1891» 

I A 2 b 

means to have schoolbooks printed in the Bohemian language and to 

have children make use of them» thereby promoting their mental development • 

Since the Bohemian population Increased steadily in this city, his activities 
along these lines were very successful* In 1866 only one Bohemian Catholic 
Church existed in this city, namely the Wenzel-Churcn, whose pastor is 
still Rev* Molitor; but today there are seven churches among a population 
of 75,000 people, in which services are held in the mother tongue; the 
children being taught same in their parochial schools* 

In view of these facts it was a well-deserved tribute of gratitude which 
was yesterday rendered to the honorable Jubilee- celeb rant* Not only 
Bohemian ^md Polish, German churches of this city sent tneir delegates to 
the festival, but they also came from Detroit, St* Louis, Cleveland, 
Milwaukee, etc* 

» 
The sermon for the occasion was delivered by J* Kosidelka of Cleveland, 
who expressed with eloquent words what the audience felt toward the 



IV . 3 - BOHEMIAN 

II B 2 d (3) 

II B 1 d Illinois Staats Zeitung > Aug* 6, 1891# 

I A 2 b 

guest of honor. 

After the church services a b^inquet was held In the school-house in which 
a considerable number of clergmen participated. The honored priest re- 
ceived toasts in seven different languages • Nearly all persons who come 
from the Slavonic countries of Austria-Hungary are able to speak the 
German language* 

The impressive celebration closed last night v/ith a dramatic and musical 
performemce before a large audience* 



i 



I V 






— 1 »— 



i-vorr.j::t, !;.-ny 4, 1891 









.J - 



^ C V 



r r»' cj! 



■» - • • "; T 



knov;n, trlented loiiondr^n oo -i ti::!-:";, ^'r. .^)ii.o ^iiot, v;ho i?^ r me:-.]Qt:r ox' 






■-.r. C:iot v;p£ apooiiited jl.lcf cl:rk in the Stater Attoi^ney'r office. 1:\^ 
of I ice is noo tn^y oro .^1 tr"ble , ;;Mt honoracL::; 
are reouiico. 1:: - 






t' *V •• V 



- *;-» 1 ^- - - /^ ' 



i. ... J. W . » 









and '■ 
T ? ut T;- rt..:e:it. . ..?*. ^.lOt' r activity ir:. the les-isla uure in 



i:r ve be e n re c o ^ ^n i 7 e d . 



v,er- rrcT-ivt'C , i *: i h ore 



/ v.. W*. I, . ^ '. 



xz 






^-r- 



VI 

II A 5 d (1) 

II B L e 



30IL^MIAI' 



■vornost, Jec . 1-^0, 1361 



vaC:-AV l^::och 

Vncl^v Lcnocii, died in the count;' .,ior>oionl in I'-'. Ivaukee , '.is. l.e v.??: vrideiy 
knov:n in Bohenian-ATiericrn circles rs one of our foremost r^ctors. He v^c'^.s 
born in iS46 r.nd c^nie to Ar.eriCc^ in '=.66?, livin.^ in Cuicn;^o internl "cr.ent Iv . 
Acout LVvo years p.r.o lie Tioved lo Rr-cine .-na from there to hilrr-u-cee . 

Tne thertre vt-s hi? imix^'erse: all hie r)CY:eri^, nil his existence r-r:.d his very 
life rere dedicated to the t:'.ertre. how veil he Icnev; the theatrel V.ith his 
comedy he crus6?d tears and laue:;nter, m^ ^:it:i ^ds i-rrr-edy, lef^vs of sorrov; 
^^nd oity. Yaclr v Lenoci wrs uncon:nonly talented in r-^C'fX' ^-ry^,* lie -orinted, 
rrote, translated and composed ooei^r;"'. Cur foremosc oosl, V. Snrjar, orc^ised 
severrl of Lenoch' s ooe-ns ml ou'^lisheo them in his pa-oer. 

Le!ioch vjF.s P. contributor to " Ducii-^ Jf^su ' rnd to •'cvornost-' : i^e tr^nsl^ted the 
ther^tricr^l ol^y, ''Robert f^no. 3ertrpr:', nnd in oti~ v-r-^s took: r^r^rt In our 
nPt ion? lis tic rnov-''ient . 



II 



''^r^"'.'^ ^T 



fT" > 



"1 i^ 









I k ^>v>^ ^ 






of 'OTosor..t da" Bohei.iian co^ial clr'cl^:' i:\ C;iic::."^o, .;Lo I ■■'''"' ^ ^.: ^•\ v; 

zni3 lar:;:: ooyona 
oi* ; iz lev in:" 



\u"].t on t\e ho:'(Mlit'. •^" 



l':cl^o of ou- 



.•oo:;lo :iev\. 






1 -,-.... J.... ^' • 



Last cuniiCr ho ixxi'. a visit to th^) imia of hi.: birth, i*(;tur:.ii. .; late in the 
fall brin:;in.; "..Ith hiri n brotli'ji' \:ho aed b^^on ericja,, ;ed in the ladies tailorij 
business in Pis^^h, Bohoriia. :jhi"'tly after hi:: return to Chicago his health 
be£]an to i'ail an^ he iie-'; this ;-or*nin a-:- the az-e o^ 62 yearc, u :.:onths, 
- days. 



IV 

II 

II 3 o 



iV 









Svornost, Kar. 4, 1881 



Mr. iiezau'.ia v;as a tailor by tr.de, arid t:iro'a,:ii his industry /.is econo's^r and 
hi^i honorable dealin^;, he .as able to establish for hii;iself ixere in his oxvn 
build ino on Canal 3t«, and '..as hiclily res ected by all v/ith v;hoiii he caiiie in 
contact* Tie leaves behind a v/ido:: and several children. In the deceased ".e 
lose a cioi::en, a model I'ather an:. ::enuine '.atriot, 'i^sA he is eccomanied bv 
our ::jrateful re:r:e:.fora::ce of hin far beyond the ^rave. The funeral ser\'ices 
v/ill be nela ne::t hunday. 



. -.1 



I V 






II B 2 d (1) 

SVOHHOST , November 20th, 1S79. 

/O. B. RIAL GOES TO RACINSZ 



AxO^'r:\ BOHEM IAN 






Mr. &• B. Reisl, formerly City Editor of " Svornosf K Harmony) is leaving for Racine, 
Wisconsin today* Mr. Reisl, is to take over the Editorial of the newspaper "Slavie,* 

We wish our former associate the greatest of success in his new field# 



V. MISCELLANEOUS 
GHARACTEiaSTIG. 
A. Foreign Origins 
1. 'Geographical 



V i 1 



A 



EOHSMIAN 



III 3 2 

III H ^p^ Ill^c^^e'., i:r-r c^ 1^21. 

On t..e first dr;- of :>;,- of ^:.is ye-\i', ?^ nev; rooiot;^ — the 3-ooIp> Kr^^-innu z 
^Iptne r o>:o .1 (cociet;" of Couniry :en fron rlptnr anr Vicinity^ — ^?s fouudf^d 

lio-oed tiJ^t ]nany o: our c"^_ijit ryiaen nnvi n^tiver oi' l:".8tr:P, Jzechos iov^ki? , 
esoeciai.ly, vill tr^re Interc^^t in i: r\n^ Join ti.r n^r so:^ict:-. Al\ inquiries 
rill be ceoriully answered oy eitl.er ::r. Jm Krize^c, 1900 :"outn d-Jt'n ^.venue, 
or by u;.e temporary sccretrry, 'r. ?rr^n> Syne^:, y: 12 South 56th Aveni^}, ccth 
of Jicero, Illinoir. 



V. IJISCELLANBiOUS 
GPJuHAGTEHISTICS 
A. Foreign Jrigins 

2. Social and Occupational 



V ^ 2 






'^'•enni "lasatel, Feb. !;;» I'lO. 









r .l--rjuririr the first two r»cnt:ic of its exi:-tence, I'.ie C-Jskc-Ariericlca 
Tis-covjA ZiiiiCelar ( nohe:.dan-.\ ..erican : tjss Bureau) receiver three cc.:i.:iUi.i- 
caticns, Wi.icii v;ere orrcneously thcu; ht to refer to tiie nohe.:.ian :;so?Dle. 
The "Jucl; e, " or. t.ie 23rd of Dece;Tib-'.r l^O'/t v/rote about tr.e " ir^dcrr. cf 
Bohenia, " v;hoLe iiisi^niu w.rs tnree ^ulis, unci of ": seudo-3ohe::;ivns, " who 
have :riuc:'i re^^rd for neckties, but not for rr.^.rital ti..s, ^'oy this I aT 
trvinr to allude tc the nun: r:e- ord for nee .tics 'j.rid disrerard for fan- 
ily ties). The "hi :ii^o Int-ir Cc e^'n , on t:.e ^t.i cf ,*anuar;/ I7IO, ruonticned 
"Boheaian fasaicn, " as char:^ct'oristio of t:.!:in.;: so:/.eone froin the office 
directly to din- er and then to the the-. Ire, v;ithcut havinr called for -lir:! 
at I;is iiome first. 7ho January Det roit rev>s , '-^fid the follov/in^-: caption: 
*'Bcher:Lia bad for g;irls," because "BoliG'iia coe: not further tulents, on 
the contrary, is detri:-;ental tc the::., teache: yo-.;ng; [iris hov; to sT;0ke 
ci^-;rcts, drink v;his.:ey an: cocktails, and renders tho:.: .nfit for family 
life." In all of these three cases neither the Bohe^-ian kinr:dora nor the 
Bohe-riians v/ere neant, but "Bohcr.es '^ and their do^•^.inion, v;erc referred to. 



■» 



o 



..^V^J.*..^- . J. . 



eziiA !:1l^; tit.^1, ^eb. I3, 1^10 



Cn Au[^U£t llt:i, 19^*7 tiie "enver "'ci^t ' rci, ht :•-• Icn: article heaced "Bo- 



ne::;! a und a bco^:" in \:h' :.: o:.e boci: 



If 



^ i. ^-j 



J clove 7fJi^""^bo::d, " extollin; the 



charr.s of Bcherne-life v/as reviewed. This caused the i'eolii\- of the "en- 
ver 3ohei;iians to run hi£:h, ..nu cuLside cnl" a. ter r.tor-y discus: ions . It 
seez^.s^ therefore, advisable to d-: 1 in cetail v;it,; the thr':.e ••:inds of "Do- 
heraiuns" as tney arc irncwn in '.he "n, lish lan^tua^e ^nd the -Tench as v;ell. 



I. "3ohemi:;ns" in tae proper, oldest and pur-st senst, arc -ve, the •'^zechs. 
The latin v/riters calle- our old ho:.x-land "Bohemia'' and the nation dwell- 
in.t. there "Do.ie:.?ians, " whicn w-or^; beca.ie coninonly known in ail lanfjua^es. 
The r-ermans call us und our Ir.nd "'^o.ie:rie" ond us "3o:\e-:.iens . " T^^e "n^iish 
use •'BohG;Lia"--the latin \.ora t;-.:en ever wi-^hout u chan[;*e--and "BoheLiianj^ " ; 
the Italians huve "Boer.i:-" and "Boe;.." 






Cur h0;:ieland was, befcrt.- Christ, pecjiled by a i_allic tribe, nar.ied tne Bcis, 
v;nicn puts-s nistorically, in £'en-^ral, as the first :. ittlcr o.' the Bche::iia 
of today. Their abode r.iay ha. e been spread over a lar} er area, but tiie 
nanes "BoJ-land, ♦• "Boichae..; ...., " and "Boihaemu::., " finall; adhered to tne 
country which is Bcherr.ia. The fanous Ro.T.:-.n historian Tacitus, in the first 






T7 C' ! " 



century after Christf -.riteL in :.it ''"■ er^aania" that the lunc in v/hich the 
Bc-3 had dwelled i:i- ^till called ^'i'ae Ir-nn of tivi -o ''£''--:nan:.^L st }ioc 
Boinc^e:ni ncn^en# Velleius Patercpoulus, 'dorian hi. torii^n ^ro? . t;i': :Fu:v.ci 
centurv, v/rites, that the countr-^ in whici. dv/elled ;'aro"bMd, !:inp: of the 
^'arlco-nuns, is called Bcionae. .or... The I'urhciuan^ car:Le to Bohc::-ir; after 
thu Bc^s h:.d :aoV'id to the "outn. •''^ae^-^r in hie "^e cello Gallico" (Gallic 
V.'ar; corrv.£j -:ndinf;;ly i?tat.s tluit ii. 5S H. ^. the '^ojr? did n^t any niore 
inhabit the T'erctnian Forest v;hic.. i.lso co:;.pri:es Bohe.ia.--'" inilurly the 
Greek hiEtori;..n -rtrabon -.vrit^.L '"juia::ion. " ?his na:ne "Lc.nu of the Bojs" 
ciin.f s to our hc.ieland in th::- fcrTi "^ohemia, ^ iveniit b'^ th.e Latin v;rit-^rs. . 
The Ccr::;a.ns usea ^'I'^chei'n" and the ^'err^^an >o-t v;:.o ;;iCurno tho Bohe.aian 
kin^ Prze::;y£l Ctakor II writes: "'^ueni;; Uz Bohe..: lant, *' in /modern Oer.nan 
"Koeni^ aus Doeh'non land." 

And in the same ^^^anncr^ ais they nained the lund "Bohe:::ia»' the chroniclers 
al.\c celled the rlavic Tjeoplc-, settled in it "Bcheir.i." This '.vcrd has no- 
thin: in corrjr.on v;itn "Czech," buo v:e have today an over thousand yot.r old 
right tc this name. It is Lo be noted, that v;nen cur foref ut..-ri: ca:r;e to 
the "Land of tne Bods" thev had no co.ur.on na:r.e. Thev v;ere several Slavic 






- k - 



i_^' ^^ 1. L • . J. i > i « 



r» 






tribes, one of v;hom Let;tl.-d in the C'^ntral ^urz cT Hohenia and •.vas caile 



H ■.• o c .'• o "! 1 <=>rl 

"Czechs." ct until the t./eirth century did thece triler take on the 
collective nar:0 "Czechs," -iiid the country Ct-c-/^ f :~:zech-iand'' . 



thc:; 



".7e h-.ve therei'or . ac^iuiruu a n me very much in the sa::.e nianner, 6S in the 
Bohe.r.ian countr , the new ov.T.^^r v.t..s [:iven the old na:i3 o/.^hcrent to t\v., es- 
tate. V/e htcve been bearinr the na.r.e "Bohenians" for over a t-icusand years 
and there ic^ no doubt abo.:t our historic ri[;ht to it. 



II • In tv;o lan^^ua^es only, the French t.nd the ""n^lish, huve the ■nan':et- Bo- 
hciiiens and Bohemians, been L^c-iuirfa by u riOinacic tribe, diaper- ed over 
all of ""urcpe, v/nich v/e Bohemians C'.ll Oik^ni (TFi^ans, T-ypties^. 7hey 
ca-^^.e, by ull indicc.tioi.: , lYor" . sia, ar^pearid in TurVe-; in the eleventh 
century, spreadinr over Hungary to -olan , end are j.ientioned for the fir:t 
tine by Bohenian chroniclers in t'le year 1/. 16. They n:ay have been in Bo- 
hemia in the \'ear 12u2 as s ^ ies sent o ;t \ y the Tartars, as hinted at ' -.i 
the ancient history written bv Dalimil. liter the ''usit-warc they rar^id- 
ly multiplied in Bohemia, especially in lliO sylvan southern pcrtions of 
the country; but their presence even in the cit^r of pra£:ue is recorded in 



r ■•■^". J* ■• '" 7; 



the yecr lt5^"» Eohe:niu>i tol9r;.nce ruiTerca thera to rcmuin, although the 
Cyivsies poorly rev;arded the ho^-pitalit.;'' E.hown -to thcra, ''oy particif.otin(\ 
in cspiona e for the Tartars; . Frcr. "T^ohcraia the Gypsies tprei.d tc ^'rance 
about tae yeur l/;27» where bv reason of their cc.in^ fron !:cheTtia they 
v;ere called by the FreriC.:--v.v.c hrve nrver been ;;:rraL ; eorraph ■.rs--Bohemien£. 
Vt. Fsenka (tuc publisher oi' the "'^nni yl:^: atel ) v;li^ told by ^'r, Lecoux, 
French consiil in Prague, tnat in his InvcLtiration oi' tne err necus appear- 
ance 01' the na.T.e Bohemiens for Cypries in the French lan£Ub^e, he arrived 
at the ccnclucion, that tr.e notorious emperor ^ir';nund, knov/n for his pro- 
nounced dislike of the Bohe::.i..n ceo.le, had ha a iDart in it, and Larousie's 
dictionary says: "In France, the Gypsies 'A'ero nistad'on for exiled follov;- 
ers of John Has. " 

That the 'dn^^lish confused Gypsies v/ith Fohernian:: is nothing: to be v/oncered 
at. The dn^lish had no better kr ^wledrc of history than they hwc. a hundred 
years a/o. Sufficient to place before the reader, rhakespeure' s "/- d'intir's 
Tale, '» in v;::ich Eoaenia ii-. ioCL.ted ..t the r-^a shore, Tha t-iird scene fron 
Act III, defines ui: the place of action "Bohe-iia, a -^-esert country near the 
sea." The lourned Ben Johnson chuckled over this [ eo.^ rapliical ignorance of 
Shakespeare;, and yet, nine years later John Taylor, v/ho styled hinself "The 
Kin•^'s :;aje:.ty'G '.Vater ?oet" rcla-es now, ^fter having visited ^ra[ue in 



r 






Denni Hlasatel, Feb. 13, I^'IO. 



162c, the capital of Bohemia, he v;a5 asked, in an int. rviev; witli Grerory 



G 



err oat tov;n, 



that of V.'illii^ra .?hakespe-.^re 

III. From the G^jTpsies, with their carefree life, there was naturally only 
one ^tep to z'liq third meaning of Vae v/ord Boheniens. This step v,as taken 
Dv the '..TiLer 'rs. ''^-eor. e fand, v;ho in the thirties of last century con- 
eludes her roman "Derniere /-Idini" by the outer/ "Vive la 3ohe:-.e! Let us 
deride the pride of the Treat, let us lau[-,h at their f oolisr.ness , let us 
r^errily spend fortunes, if v;e hpve any, let us carelessly eT.brace poverty, 
^'hen it appears, "• t us, before all, pr*'serYe our freedoiri, let us enjoy 
life at any price, long live the Boher.ie I " 

* • 

In these v/ords of G^r^or^e Tand, is contained the entire realm of the third 
meaninr. Boheniians ure artists of all kinds, v/ho live railv throup:h certain 
periods of their lives, during: which their talents, their wit, and their 
^ifts gained, tc sweeten their lives, but could not, up to that moiiient, 






;:c:r 






renni ^'lust^tel , Feb. IJ:, I^IC. 

"brin. about the condition so nece^surv for eart.-lv v;eirare--Lf riuence of 
i^onev. They know nov; to i.iudule throu/'n v;itl:o'.:t ''rna^^iriion, " and tc rrend it 
wildlv i^nd the ins.- ant they ac;..;ire itt v;hile thr^ir heads urc forever fi;ll 
of darinr ideas, un convent ion-ul iDlans, sc^rninr all of the accredited and 
settled order of thin^^s. These arr.ong thex, v;ho ar^- ingei'^ious, ri^e to pro 
inenCG after a tine, but, niany of course, perish, re^nainin^- on thut level. 
"The Bohe.ue life is an era in artist life v;hich is trie prelude to either 
the Acadeiny, or t:.c hospital or '-::e :;ior~ue, " says the inimitable :enry 
Muri^er, v/hose "Scenes fro:;i Boher.e-lif e" brou^-ht hi^:i fame. The ori^;inators 
of "Bohe::;e-lif e" are the Prencn litt^ratl, stu-^cnts and urxists. 

The name Dohene presupposes a real talent, actual in^eniousr.ess, and there 
fore v;e distin^uisn, a., the "^Judf e" v/riteSf "real Bohemians" from "pseudo- 
Bohom.ians." The latter a';e all the ood und bad bcho.viour in Bohene-life 
v/itnout an;/ latent talent buddin, in then;. They Inbibe like Bohemtians, 
but produce nothing; of artisti;- value. 

And nov; to the conclusion; The third m.eaninf is here tc stay; it has be- 
come ucclimatizea in the world-languayes. V.'e ou. -selves and our writers. 



C "C 






^enni -lu^^at-^l, Psb. I3, I9IO. 



like J, r. ''achar in his "confitecr" uie the word in the sense .iust de- '^^ 
scribed. It only reniair.c to .e desired that other nations T;ake the dis- ."^ 
tinction betv/een Boheaos i;nd us, the : ohemian^. '^.: 



Preric. lan-ua^^e. The Gerr.iins have Zireun-^r, the Italians 7in[cari, hut 
even in ..n^lish one may use Gypsies^ ar.'i in French Tziganes. 'Te should, 
tnerefcre propagate t^e u^^e of Gypsies in '"nglish. In examples of ^.cre 
ancient use the chan^^e cannot easily be eii'ected i^ny more. Ta^ chc^ract^r;r 
in :.:icliael V.'illian: jalfe's opera "The Bohcriian P-irl" is not a Boheiuan, 
but a Gyr)sy girl. 

/-.nd :.ov;, the vmestion arises: Thall we use ^ohenian, or tiv" newl;^ coined 
word Czech in "Inrlish, Tche ^ue in French, Tschechc in ^err^an? "hoer con- 
venience ;vould speak for the now ter-rn. But there is sOiTiething to be said 
for "3ohe:iiians" as well. In Boher-^ia for instc.nce the word ''Die Tschechen" 
is inad.nissible, as it infringes uioon our state ri hts. It is r;Gi":.r ooint- 
ed out that if '^i Chechen" -..ere introduced, \j\iile Bohemia i:: rtill calle-: 
"Boeamen, " it would indicute, that in ''Boei^nen" there live "Tschechen" and 
"Deutsche" — in otiier words, Bohemia coul^l be divided into a "Czech" end a 
"German" territory. ^ut ls lon^r ub tne country is "5oeh:nen" and the nation 



-«-v- 



The second nanie -oiieTiian leads to confusion onlv in the •nrli^h :.nd the x-^ 

1 ^ ' ^"^ 



0>- 






c 






"!:oehn:erJ' ^Eohe:nians), thv; countr.;'' rer.ains indivisible, unc ever;; ''P:oehT3" 
hcL to be :u citizen in his full ri: ht in ever' --art of the co mtry, -^nd 
not a meTiber of a minority v;ith lesi rights. 

ri^ned 



J. '\ r^alaba Vo.-^an 



V. MISGELLA^ISOUS 
CIIAIiAGTERISriGS 
B, Picturesque llisceilarxies 



1 1 



>•« 



V B 



BCHSTvlIAN 



II A 2 

Denni IIlasatGl . Nov* 25, 1917. 

A. CZECH' 3 GIFV TO T12L i'lSLD Ivl'SZUI'.: 

( ouinmary ) 

August 3ala, bom in Boheni^ and for many years a resident of Chicago, vjas a 

quiet, unassuming man, a glass worker by trade, employed by the California ^ 

i^anufacturing Ccmpany. He lived for, and enjoyed, the tranquillity of his home, S 

which he shared xvith his wife, lors. rvnna Sala. -^^ri 

I — 

There was, however, a Lobby in which he indulged y;ith great passion — that of -o 
collecting insects. On Saturdays and Sundays he would take a ride to Riverside o 
and Lyons, usually in the company of his friend, 7. Musil, another Chicago \^ 
Czech. There he hunted for butterflies and beetles, picking them with the judg- 3 
ment of an expert. During the course of many years, he accumulated a great ^ 
variety of insects, which he preserved in scores of showcases with great skill. 
He pursued his avocation with great zeal, so tLat his acquaintances thought 
him a freak. Sala did not mind his chuckling neighbors — they could not dampen 






II :. 2 



')e:ini .HaGiLtol , '.'.ov. :L'5, 1917 • 

the spirit of tLo aiiibiLiou: coil ::c Lor. IIo ^fas e::ti'o:.,ely ;^:'i*oud o;-* ]iis bootlo3 
cirul buttorriio^, Tor M-^n;;* oi* t'lo:.. v/oro r:a*G oj_^eoiriono inle. d, anu he con;:idoro. 
hi J col-lG^^'oi'va ■••. uui^'uo ono. 




hr. lillii:.- ~. Gcrhr^rJ, eur-;toi' n^ th^ mtOi.-olu -icl section oi* that iristituto, 
ap^jear: 1 in pei*30]i to inspect thj^ collection. .. o not only e::pr»33 cu. his Tull 
3utior:uction, but uoclarcd the collection to bo :. vci\,'- v^luablu one .;hich v;ill 



-o 



0-) 



7 3 



\J 






-ft 



o 






■- .^ w>. l> 



ov 



17. 



be approci -:o jJ b^r ^cnor .ti-'n;> to -lo: o, ;; 'e ace3:vLc;C. tlie oJVJ'or, adJin;: tliat e:.c'i 
ca30 './ill bo ^)rovided ::it'. a ^luto bo -rinr tbe ^.onor'j niu.ie, \;liicli is .^i;l^.- 
Lc.l.ovic:' nov.y for jIic i.iarried u^uin. 



i*lic donor ij not a 



;o 



• "n 



0..' 



.O^JL 



if *^.k. Vi'*^ 



r; M -.-. 



30 nobly rolin'ui:::icd. 



uid 3ho COllld li::vo liiado 



;ood U30 o-^ tliG ::.one7 



CD 



U3 



V 3 

I 3 3 c 

I ^' Denni IIlG.^atel, J ne 20, loiO. 



i}': m '.1,.;, 






^ .2, Col*3--The Ileulth Corxv.is 5:1 oner issued inf'or:.:aticri en liov; children 
should L^e cured for durinr hot i-unrr.ur weather und advises tha-c t;,ll milk 
should be boiled. He stated th-t Bohemians boil ail nilk they use. In 
tnat v.'uy, typnus and other curmier ail.-nents of cnildren are avoidec. '"very- 
body should fcllov; the cxa.T-pla ol' uhe 2che::dL-ms, and boil all ;:iilk, so 
lone as the v;eather remains hex* But it s'.iould be rcienbered that this ulcne 
is not enou£;h. The :.iilk must tnen be cooled quickly and kept at a tenp- • 
erature belov/ :-ixty de,|^rees ntil ih is usea. If yo . have an ice-box, keep 
the nilk in it- If you cJ^nnot afford ice you can keep Ine iiilk cool by 
vnrappin^, the container v/ith a v:et tc.el or cloth. So far a.s ^rov.n ups are 
ccncern-^d the haalLh coruiissioner rives the follov;inr aJ.vice; "'Vhile the 
hot / eather last", peopl: should remain outdoors day and ni.^ht. Tf you 
have a flat roof, you have an excellent place for sloepinr, for there it 
is alv;uys scvcr-.l do- rens cooler. Lackin^j such a roof ycu may use a porch 
for this purpose. If you have no porch, you c^n sleep in the yurd. Cnild- 
ren under t./O years of afe s.iO.ld slee; in a cool place. ^hica<;:o ha^^ many 
parks, lari^e ..nd small, to which sm.all c.:ildren shculd be tuken for their 
afternoon nap . " 



V B 

I B 3 C 

II ^ 3 b 

I K renr.i -lusutci, ..-r. j, IClC. 









/ — J 



aitcriul' 

7. 4, Ucl. 1 — "2\\e '"lij^lish r;ev;sxja]?ers of ?hlr,a^o ull curried ^rticlec ^bout 
Vlt.2 I. jSCLti.iii, -. ".veil kiiOv;ii Bohemian o/arrx siufor who ic in Criivr^^ o. 

It secTis riuzzlinr tc i;hc' -.vhv she ":;rerers to liv^ in i. kitciienett-.- uioart- 
.^icnt, r'r:ithcr thi-n in un ela" orate ^uit'^ in sor-e fuiaiontible hocel. Thev 
do noo l:ncv; thut :'.rartic.:illY cverv Bor.erriiijn vornun can rr.acter the art oT 
cockln- , and takes reat rride in nre^-arinc hor owir. nealr. '"his is the 
reason v;hy, even an operu ilur sue. ul "is: .:, "^cstinn, ic not •■r:hamed to 
adi.iit, that shu cooks her cv.n '":euls in r;rei'srence tc catinr in restaurants 



The f/^\nriz:.Li v;o-;:an doe:: net oraC'.ice the culinary crt i.? exten£i\-el-' as 
the Toherr.ian. 

Boherr.ian cco.cini_ is famous all over tho v/orl^I- Thero i: ^n old Boheuian 
sayin^^-- "The ..ay tc a mans heart ''or love) is throu^ a hi: stc^^iach. " 

The Boherrdan oeoole "bcliuvj ho .lu coo-ciuf to be b.neficiul tc healtn and the 
£:cn^-;ral .-eli'ar«^ of their fa.r.il;;. 



9 



V B 



BCH:;!.!IAI. 



Denni - l agate l. ^'ar. 26, I9IO. 

r.5 — Dr. "^dwurd Patera, has received interesting scenic pOLt cards of Yo- 
kahana, Ja;:ani fro::; his "brother, :;r, Frank Patera and "r. J. J. .^voLoda. 
Both p.entlernen are accompanied bv their wives en their trio around the 
v/orld. They left pan Francisco, en February 5th. 



— r. 



PC 






3esid:s Japan^ they visited the Hav;aiian Islands, the Philippine Islands, 
China, Calcutta in India, Colombo in Ceylon, Bonbay in India and by the ^^^ 
23^^ of this month, they e^q-^ect to arrive in Cairo, P^yp"'^ according to ^^^ 
their travel schedule. They v;ill dedicate several v/eeks to the l:?»nd of 
the Pharaohs, in order to make a thcrou<'"h studv of its historice.l treasures. 

The 15th of jVoril, thev will arrive in -PaDles and v/ill visit va.rious olaces 
of interest in Italy, -nd other parts of Purcpe, L;nd v/ill return about the 
1st of June. 

Relatives of these travellers are carefully follovdnr^ the pro^^ress of the 
trip and the letter ri they receive describing the Journey are read v;ith in- 
terest and enthusiasm. 




V B ?0H -:L:I. JI 

V B (Lithuani'in) 

Jkandiniiven (Daily r^dition), June 1, 2 900* 

Bcira.iLiii: .Jij LiiKU j:lj;j n:']iTLOY .. hoi:pit.x 

^in unoccupied hospiL-l t-A. 510 . est 13th street v;as attnokbd by several Hundred 
.Tien, v;omen, cin^. boys Icist xhursuay, iJia considerable dajnaf-e done. ,v call i.as 
sent to Canalport ^^.venue police stati./a, ,:nu Lieuten-Jit llaincL;, v.ith a squad 
of policenen, cane to th-- scene, arre:-:tin.:j: four of the participants in the riot. 
xJ.thou£:h nobody ;.as hurt, the builain/r v.as practically ruined by the :.n.-;:ry mob, 
every v.indov. pane boin;: broken • 

The riot was caused by a rumor that spread about th^ neighborhood to th^ effect 
that the ooctors and students at the hospitd had stolen a child of one of the 
nei£:hborG ana v.ere in th-^ course of cuttin,^ him up for their study. The people 
v;ere so excited that it v.as difficult for the police to keep them from destroying 
the building altogether. 

For quite a v/hile rumors had circulated that bodies of dead people v/ere being 
dissected at the hospital, and the children in the district ;.ere afraid of approach- 
ing the building after dark. ..dults began to give credence to these rumors, which 
grew as they spread. 



V 1) (Lithunnian) 

ok-iTidinaven (Daily xildition), June 1, 1900* 

The T:opulation cf the district consists 'iL^ost entirely of ;)Oher..ians and 
Lithuanians, 

On Thursday, h cour)le of litole boys v/ere passinr the hospital v/hen one of 
then sat dovm on the sidev/al:-: to vj-iit for the other, v;ho had to ^-.o on a.. 
errand for his parents. Upon returnin,;- to the place, the boy found that the 
cor.r:*.de he hau left on the side;/all: h-A disa-ryoeared. '±he bov, v;}iose narie is 
Thonas . ersic.:, c-ap.e at once to tiie conclusion that his friend, John Dubeci-:, 
had been taken into the hosr.ital by tlie students, and that he v;as intended as a 
subject for lissectioa. It soo-riea to hii. that he could he-j.r the agonized cries 
of his friend inside the hosvit:l, he hurried to the hone of John Ji.ib^3Ck and 
scared the parents of the l'itT:er nearly out of their /its by tellinn then that 
their boy v/as bein^' cut \i^ by the doctors. 

The rir.or of tlie horrible deLith of John Jubeck spread '^^uicizly, and v/lthin a fev; 
ninutes a larre rrou^ of "oeoTle had gathered outside the hosr.itijl. Gursinr and 









V L (Lithuanian) 

oktindinaven (Daily Edition), June 1, 19C0. 

shcutinr, they attacked the buildinc '^vith stones and clubs • .^n attempt to 
bre^.k the front door failed, but other doors were torn off tlieir liinres, the 
stairs v/ere broken up, and the v/indo'.vs v/ere broken 'all around the buildinc* 

'■fiien the aolice arrived, the -neor-le refuse! to disperse, and four i:.on v;ere 
arrested. ' Jhen Ca-ntain ..'heeler, corrxinc fron :..ax"v7ell street v/ith reinforcements, 
heard of the ''iiurder', he had the front door of the building forced open and 
the interior uf the buildinc se'^rched, 'Vhe place v;as altocether er:xpty; one 
could see that it had not been in use for puite sorp.e time, yet it v/as iir.possible 
to make the crov/d believe this until it v/as found that John Jubeck v/as safe and 
sound at his home ana had suffered no harm v/hatever. he had simply become tired 
of v/aitinr for his friend and had f;one av;ay. 

In the afternoon, the four :i\en v/ho ho.d been arrested v/ere made to appear before 
Judce oabath at the i,.ax?/;ell otreet citation. Taey denied havinc participated in 
the riot, and, as sufficient proof v;as not forthcominc, they v/ere released by 
the iudce.