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A. Vocational 

2. Industrial and Coinniercial 



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Dziennllc ayjazkowy , July 21, 1917* 

S. W. Siwicki ard Company, Coioaission Merchants 

^OPolish Commission Compan^ ' - 

In previous issues of Dziennik Zwiazkovrv, we have written of the Polish 
moving picture company and the Polish dairy corporation, sole Polish business 
enterprises of their kind in Chicago • 

Today we are writing of the Polish Commission Company, located at 915 West 

Randolph Street. Our reporter visited the building personally , and saw the 
work that is being done there and the products that are offered for sale* 
Anthony Stefanaki, manager and principal stockholder of the firm, an alert 
and energetic man, gave our reporter the desired information as to the 

invested and operating capital of the firm© 

The Polish Commission Company was incorporated, in accordance with the st^te 
laws, for the sum of ^10,500, three years ago# Since that time, it has had 



II A 2 - ^' - POLISH 

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Dziennik Zwiazkoiwy , July 21, 1917 • 

to compete v/ith similar onterprises ov/ned by Jews.«».«The Polish Commission 
Company, hov/ever, proved itself too strong I'or their treachery. During the 
whole three years, it has crept slowly but steadily forward, bringing to ^c:l 
naught the efforts of its competitors^ p 


Today, the corporation's assets amount to :;^15,000» It employs eleven people, o 
including four salesmen and a chauffeur. The weekly volume of business, 
according to Stefansrci, totals from five to six thousand dollars* 


More than one will say that there must be some secret reason why, despite 

such strong competition, the Polish Commission Company has continued to 
develop and to gain more and more customers, more and more confidence among 
people of other nationalities as well as among the Poles. The secret lies 
in the fact that trie Polish Commission Company always has better products 
than its neighboring Jev/ish firms, and sells tnese products at a moderate 
price, treating its custc^mers more intelligently than they are treated by 
other firms. Courtesy is an inherent virtue among Poles. Tradesmen value 

II A 2 - 5 - POLISH 

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Dziennik Zwiazkowy , July 21, 191? • 

courtesy, and so deal with the Polish firm rather than with Jev/s# 

The Polish Coiiimission Company always nas in stock fresn butter, eggs, smoked 
fish, vegetables, fruits, potatoes, and other foodstuffs* It sells these 
products wholesale to grocers and retail to individual customers. V/hoever 
may have visited the Company* s store will certainly have noticed that every- 
thing is kept in exanplary order. ^o 

As we are told by one of the stockholders, farmers from the vicinity of Chicago 
send their produce through the Polish Cor.imission Company, paying a commission 
to the Company on everything that is sola. 

'•I do net know,^ said the stockholder, ''whether the Polish farmers in general 
know of our firm. If we car help farmers of other nationalities sell their 
©ggs, cheese, butter, potatoes, fruit, and other produce, we would certainly 
be the more willing to do the same for Polish farmers. We are chiefly 
concerned that Polish business and industry snould always and everywhere be 

II A 2 - 4 - POLISH 

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Dzj ennilg Ziriazkowy, July 21, 1917 • 

in the lead*** 

The above v;ords can best introduce the firm to Polish farmers scattered '^ 
throughout this pert of the country* rj 

Space does not permit us to describe more broadly this sole Polish firm o 
of its kind, so worthy of support* V/e recommend that our readers remember it« co 

V/hoever desires to visit the Polish Comraission Company can do so at any time, 
and will be graciously received by Stef^nski, the manager* 

II A 2 


Dzlennik Zwlazkowy . July 17, 1917, 


At 2160 North iTYing Avenue lives Gregory Chmlellnski ^ a tailor by trade , with S 
his wife. Chmielinski has been in the United States for fifteen years* He was ^ 
born in ^^ssieui-occupie^ Poland in the village of Chmielim Wielki* JT 


An industrious man, always interested in aiding the Polish cause in any possible o 

way, Chmielinski began nine years ago to apply his thoughts to aeroplanes^ in <» 
which he foresaw a great future* He read works on aviation, air currents, and ^ 
80 on. Finally, as he told this newspaper's reporter, after working many nights ^'^ 
so, as not to be interrupted, he invented an airship that bids fair to revolutionize 
aviation all over the world. On the surface, this statement appears somewhat 
fantastic, but upon examining the matter more closely, one becomes convinced 
that after surmounting a great many obstacles Chmielinski has reached his goal, 
for recently he was notified by the Patent Office in Washington through Victor 
Evans and CcMpany that his invention would be patented in a very short 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

Dzlennlk Zwlazkowy , July 17, 1917 • 

time, and that it has aroused great interest in aviation circles by its con- 
struction and its ingenuity* € 

Construction of Chmielinski * s Aeroplane ^^ 

The construction of Chmielinski * s aeroplane is reallj strange • Hie apparatus -^ 
is a four-cornered affair of some twenty-four cubic feet« It has four motors ^ o 
two of which serve to propel it through the air in such fashion that if, for ^ 
example, the aeroplane is to turn to the right, the motor on the right side ^ 
lessens its speed and the motor on the left side increases its speed* Here 
Chmielinski used the same principle that is applied in drivin,^ teams of horses, 
that is, if the driver desires to turn to the right, he retards the horse on 
the right side, giving more rein to the horse on the left* Ihe propellers on 
the motors of the aeroplane will be eight feet long and five feet wide* Its 
gasoline capacity will be 128 gallons, and it will carry from sixteen to twenty 
passengers* It will be made of aluminum, but Chmielinski is already planning 
to build one of steel* 



II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 

Dzlennik Zwiazkowy , July 17, 1917. 

It should be added here that Chmlelinski*s aeroplane will find wide application ^ 
in the field of aviation and will do much to spread the fane of the Poles. To ^ 
our knowledge, military authorities are seriously interested in Chikielinski * s P 
invention. The inventor informed our reporter, however, that he will not sell ^ 
his patent to any private concern, for he wants the invention to remain in ^ 
Polish hands, unless the American government should desire to purchase it. ^ 



I C 

Dzlennik Zwiazkowy^ July 7, 1917. 

White iCagle Dairy Company Flourishes 

Slowly but steadily, various branches of Polish industry are developing in 
Chicago, thus preventing those of other nationalities from profiting by the 
labor of our countrymen, and proving that, by forming companies and corpora- 
tions, we can accomplish much. Our motto, "Patronize our own countr3rmen,** 
which has been ignored for many years, stands again before the eyes of our 
brethren, reminding them chat in mutual support lies a great power, through 
the development of vdiich our nation can stand high among industrial nations. 

Today we are writing of a Polish dairy corporation, the White ifeigle Dairy 
Company, which was visited by a Dziennik Zwiazkowy reporter. 

Yesterday we wrote of the sole Polish moving picture corporation in the United ;^ 
States which, despite mounting difficulties, has grown each month until today S 
its foundations are firm* 


II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

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Dzlennik Ziriazkowy , July 7, 1917. 

The White Eagle Dairy Company is located in Town of Lake, at 4914*16 South Loomis 
Street, iriiere for years Jews, Germans, and Irishmen have done good business 
among the Poles living in that community. The small group of Polish business* 
men, who formed the ccmpany in Uay of this year, knew that the struggle with 
the strongly organized dairy companies of other nationalities, which have 
hundreds of thousands of dollcors in the banks, would be a very difficult one, 
and that the competition against a Polish firm would be very great* But despite 
this, trusting in their own strength and in the good will of their countrjrmen, 
this handful of Polish businessmen did not hesitate for a m<aient in bringing 
its previously thought out plans into effect. 

Thus, in Uay of this year, a Polish dairy compemy was incorporated according 
to the laws of the State of Illinois, with a capital of fifteen thousand dol- 
lars. Whoever could afford to, hastened to obtain shares, and thus become a 
co-owner of the corporation. Shares were extremely cheap— ten dollars. Who- 
ever felt that his financial condition permitted, bought several shares of 
stock, believing, naturally, in the success of the enterprise. Thus far, the 

II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 

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Dziennlk Zwlazkowy, July 7, 1917 • 

corporation has about seventy shareholders. The number is steadily growing, 
for more and more Poles are following the example set by the original share- 

The corporation's administration consists of energetic and capable businessmen 
of Town of Lake# Michael Zaczek was elected president, Michael Czworniak 
secretary, and John Wieciech treasurer. The board of directors consists of 
the following: Casimir Tomkiewicz, B. F. Kowalski, John Ebzubowski, 
T# Kozubowski, J. V/ieciech, M. Czworniak, F. Zaworski, J. Kukulski, Andrew 
Twaroosz, Thomas Urbanski, M. Zaczek, Stanislaus Garpiel, and John Polaszewski. 
The administration and directors immediately rolled up their sleeves and went 
to work, knowing that work is the only means of success in life. 

Board member Tomkiewicz, well known P.N.A. member and proprietor of the drug- 
store at the corner of 51st and Loomis Streets, conducted our reporter through 
the entire building which houses the dairy company, and showed him the ma- 
chinery and dairy equipment, explaining their operation. 



II A 2 - 4 - POLISH 

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Dzlennik Zwiazkowy . July 7, 1917. 

The building is divided into several sections. First, one enters a? small 
vestibule which opens upon the office of the directors, and then to the dairy 
proi)er, which also is divided into several sections. In one section stands 
the machinery that purifies the milk, bottles and caps it, and sets the bottles 

The process of purifying the milk is extremely interesting. The milk is brought 5. 
directly from the farmers of Illinois and Indiana and poured into a great ^ 
reservoir, ftrom which it is piped to the floor below to the pasteurizing ma- r- 
chine. Here it is heated to a temperature of 180 degrees Fahrenheit for the IT 
purpose of destroying any germs it might contain. The milk is then piped to ^ 
the purifier, where all impurities and foreign matter are removed, the cleansed 2 
milk passing on to the cooling machine. Here, through the use of coils con- ^ 
taining cold water, the previously heated milk is brought to a tonperature of 
38 degrees Fahrenheit. The purified and cleansed milk is then piped to a 
machine which automatically bottles and caps it and sets the bottles aside. 
A workman then moves the bottles of milk to the refrigerator in the next 


II A 2 - 5 - POLISH 

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Dzlennik Zwlazko?ry, July 7, 1917. 

department • From here, six horse-drawn wagons distribute the milk to grocery 
stores and private homes, although many people buy their milk at the dairy. 

The first thing to strike the eye of a visitor who pays strict attention to 
everything that is to be seen, is the perfect cleanliness of all of the ma- 
chines through \idiich the milk passes. The machines are of the newest type* 
Each of them, whether it is the separator, the purifier, or the cooler, or 
whether it is the butter chum or the cheese machine, or the machine used for 
cleaning empty cans and bottles, as well as the refrigerator, operates swifty r= 
and accurately. Tliroughout the whole process of purifying, heating, cooling, ^ 
and bottling the milk, it is untouched by human hands. From time to time S 
the dairy is unexpectedly visited by inspectors from the health department to 
make sure that everything is as it should be. 

According to Tomkiewicz, the firm is now worth $26,000. Business is in- 
creasing steadily, and the number of shareholders is also growing. 

Polish grocers, who at first eyed the dairy with distrust, are being convinced 



II A 2 - 6 - POLISH 

I C 

Dzlennlk Zwlazkowy, July 7, 1917 • 

that It is in no way inferior to dairy companies operated by persons of other 
nationalities^ It is true that it does not operate on so large a scale as 
some German and Jewish dairies that have been in existence for a great many 
years, nor does it have hundreds of thousands of dollars at its disposal, but 
in respect to the purity of the milk it sells, it can match any other dairy 
in the City of Chicago. 

The price of milk from the Polish dairy company is the same as from other 
dairies* At present, milk is sold at ten cents a quart. The reason for the 
high retail price is the price demanded by the farmers. 

The Polish dairy is very troublesome to the Germans and Jews, we are told by 
Town of Lake citizens. In their own opinions, the Germans and Jews think 
they are especially privileged to do business among the Poles, to draw money 
from Polish pockets so that in case of necessity, they will have the where- 
withal to fight the Poles. V/e have heard that agents of German firms are 
circling around the Poles like crows around a victim, casting aspersions upon 


II A 2 • 7 - POLISH 

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Dziennlk Zwlazkowy , July 7, 1917. 

the Polish daiiy. These methods should be condemned at every step. Our 
earnest advice to the housekeepers of Town of Lake is that they try the 
strength of their brooms on such agents, and that they stop using the milk 
of other firms and patronize the Polish dairy instead. 

In the development of Polish industry lies the secret of our nation's stitrength. 
If we organize conpanies and corporations, if we support each other and elimi- 
nate foreign leeches from our midst, we shall soon find ourselves among the 
strong and influential groups with which everyone must reckon. 


II A 2 


Dziennlk arlazlcowry^ July 6, 1917« 

International Photoplay Company Only Polish Film Company 

in United States 

Many readers of Dziennik awiazkowy have asked us for news concerning the sole 
Polish film company in the United States* That the film company exists is 
known even in the small country towns* But as to its capital, its officers^ 
how it works, and what its prospects are for the future, little is known* 
Thanks to the courtesy of F* Szczepkowski, one of our reporters was able to 
visit the studios where Polish movies are filmed, and to gain the desired 

The finals studios are located at 3501 North Kenton Avenue, near Edison and 
Milwaukee Avenues* From sdTar, the sign ** International Photoplay Company*^ can 
be seen upon the brick building* The entire surrounding neighborhood is suit- 
able to the studios purposes* On one side are the railroad tracks, and on the 
other two sides, empty lots heavily grown over with grass* Here and there are 



II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Zwriazkowy , July 6, 1917. 

trees in their springtime garb# 

Our reporter entered the studio accompanied by Szczepkowski* It was the noon 
hour, and so no one was in* In the center of the studio stood a table with 
actors* equipment, and in the oomer stooa the director's desk, covered with 
typewritten scripts; beside it stood a few inviting chairs, and all about the 
room were strewn pieces of heavy cardboard, used in the preparation of scenery. 

In the studio proper, i^ich has a glass roof, there was no lack of boards, card* 
board, and in general, all of the equipment necessary for the medcing of pictures. 
It took but a short time to visit every portion of the building. It remained 
but to step outside and view the building from the lawn surrounding it..... 

In his conversation with Szczepkowski, who is thoroughly familiar with the 
affairs of the film company, our reporter learned the following facts: 

The International Photoplay Company was organized in 1915 by A. Czechowicz 

II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 

Dziennik Zwlazlcowy t July 6, 1917 • 

and a few others* As with all other beginnings, the beginnings of this firm 
were difficult. Many obstacles had to be overcome, funds had to be obtained, 
and, most important of all, it was necessary to make a name for the company 
and to gain the confidence of the people of our own and other nationalities© 

Despite great obstacles, the affairs of the firm slowly but steadily improved* 
The number of shareholders increased every month* At the present time, the % 
firm has about a hundred sharenolders, representing an investment of more than 
fifteen thousand dollars* 



The officers of the International Photoplay Company are as follows: J. Wojtalewicz^ 
president; F« Szczepkowski, secretary; F* Szwed, treasurer; and S* Zielinski, ^- 
director* The board of directors consists of Kaszubowski, Mancarz, Wielbacki, 
Kucnarzewski, Snopek, and Czechowicz. The photography is done by S* Snopek. 

The firifi lias one traveling agent in the persoa of S. Snopek, whose auties are 
to rent out completed films to Polish and American tneaters and to sell the 
remaining shares of stock to Poles of Chicago and elsewhere* 


II ^ 2 - 4 - P0LI3H 

Dziennik Zwlazkowy , July 6, 1917 • 

Director Stephen ZielJnski, in tiie opinion or experts, possesses great capa- 
bilities in this particular field of art. It is his duty, in addition to 
selecting and training actors, to v/nte out the individual roles, prepare 
scenery, and often even to write v/aole scenar'»os or create the more important 
episodes and scenes* 

The staff of players consists of v;ell-known Polish actors and actresses of 
Chica,-;:©. The less iuiportbnt roles are played by tae naore talented amateurs 
and lovers of tne sta^e. Often, for special roles, professional people are 
hired. For example, an actual coacl-jnan plays the role of a coachman, an actual 
policeman that of a policeman, and so on» 

The surrounding neighborhood has plenty of roads, farms, nouses, woods, rivers, 
an(3 so on, and is entirely suitable for tnis kind of v:ork« 

At present, the International Photoplay Company has on hand four full-length 
feature pictures witri Polish subtitles. Tnese, known already to many of our 
countrymen, are: 



II A 2 - 6 - POLISH 

Dziannik axrlazkowy , July 6, 1917 • 

••FreedGDi: Here and There**, two thousand feet of film; ••Zdymem Pozarow** /With 

the Staoke of the ConflagrationT^i seven thousand feet; ••^ypcio and HSTP^io at the 
Sunsaer Resort**, fifteen thousand feet, and **Engaged After Death**, two thousand 
feet* Other pictures are nearing coniplation« 

We shall not stop here to consider the Artistic value of these pictures* As in 

all pictures, there are certain faults in these also* But they have a great -o 

many good points* One of their best points is the fact that these pictures have .^ 

Polish subtitles, and are Polish, in thought* p: 

According to Szczepkowski, the International Photoplay Company has good prospects .:^ 

for the future. The completed pictures are paying for themselves and making !^ 

possible the production of other films which will soon be available to many ^ 
Polish and American theaters* 

It might be well to add here that the only other Polish film company has sus- 
pended activities, making the International Photoplay Company the only Polish 
film company in the United States* 



Dziennllc Zwiazkowy , June 8, 1917. 


MilT/aukee Avenue is steadily becoming more and more Polish, especially i 
the block between Division and Cleaver Streets. Until not very long ago, - 
this block was occupied by businesses other than Polish, and only here and - 
there could one find a Polish firm. Since the Poles began to replace the 
businessmen of other nationalities, both in number and kind, they now rep- g 
resent an important business group in this block, standing on a higher level 
than the others. 

The following are the Polish firms now located on Milwaukee Avenue, between 
Cleaver and Division Streets: Progress Clothing Company, owned by Vlanowski 
and Sobieski; Polonia, owned by Cieslak and Miedzanowski; Plucinski Brothers 
and George Plucinski; Kaminski; Preyss*s bakery; E. Misiewicz^s floral shop, 
Bzowski's barber shop, Gladkowski*s beauty shop, and others, not counting 
lawyers' and doctors' offices. They are really ornaments in the block. 



II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 


Dzlennlk Zwiazkowy , June 8, 1917. 

Recently, a new enterprise has been added to this list of businesses — namely, 

a first class Polish drugstore, at 1174 Milwaukee Avenue, owned by W. 'j^ 

Wieczorek, a young Falcon and member of the Polish National Alliance, Council 3 

2- C 


Because of its equipment and stock of medicines, V/ieczorek's drugstore is S 
counted among the best in Chicago; prescriptions are filled with the great- ' co 
est care and accuracy. , [:5 

The drugstore was equipped at a cost of three thousand dollars by the very 
well-known Polish firm, ii. Kulesza and Company, which has earned recognition 
and distinction for itself in the best American circles. Its factory and 
salesrooms are located at 1313-1319 Division Street. 

The furnishings of V/ieczorek*s drugstore are really attractive, and we wish 
him success in his enterprise. 

II A 2 . 3 - POLISH ^ 


Dzlennik Zwiazkowy , June 8, 1917. 

Who of the Poles will be the next to open a business in this block? ^ 


• — I 

II A 2 


Dziennlk l^wiazkovjy , Apr. 20, 1917, 

LSETING 0? POLIoII-SL-WIC iGxJL-]:;oTAT^ iiGjlfrs 

Polish-Slavic real-estate a^^ents met on April 17 at the Polish Ronan Catholic 
Union Building and elected the rollov;inG officers for tiieir cluB: °V;. Helezer, 
president; J. Liazur, vice-president; J. l^szkiowicz, vice-president; Li. Pociask, 
recording secretary; '.;• Skoczylas, assistant secretary; I. Laszkiev/icz, financial 
secretary; J. Ochala, treasurer; J. oz^aaanski, secretary; J. Placzkiewicz, J. 
Kulik, A, Zmvalski, 3. Jakiel, F. Srcvvirut, J. Novjotarski, and 0. Placzkiewicz, 
directors ♦ 

This nev/ organization vjill endeavor to improve the profession and in this way 
get ahead of a^,ents of other nationalities, to rouse the spirit of speculation 
among the Poles, and to help increase their v;ealth through honest means. 

Erery real-estate agent is welcome at the club so long as he is honest and 
earns his living at this profession. 

This club is to be a sort of school for those needing experience in this field, 

r— • 


II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

Dz i enn i k ^/.vi azkovjy , .^pr* 20, 1917, 

and it vjould be very nice indeed if all real-estate agents would join it in- 
stead of dividing, into classes, 

Liartin Pociask, reeordinc socretar:,''. 


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D 10 

: H 

Dziennik Zwiazkowy » Apr. 16, 1917 • 

EA:i':iirjr Or polish orog^hs 

Yesterday the Society of Polish Grocers held a magnificent faster banquet, 
which was attended by nany members of the society and their families, as well 
as by many other guests. The two small rooms at .Valsh's v;ere filled with 
guests, who sat down at the heavily-laden tables to share the jiaster egg g 
/an old Polish traditio^ and consume a good dinner, washed down with excel- 
lent liGUors taken in moderation* 

Reverend Gasimir Sztuczko, who was called upon to act as toastmaster, gave 
the blessing and said a few words to the assembled grocers. He congratulated 
them for organizing, not only for their ovm benefit, but for the benefit of 
the consumers as well, for, by pooling their buying, they can purchase 
merchandise cheaper from the wholesalers and thus be able to sell it to 
their customers at lower prices • 




II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

II D 10 

III H Dziennik ::wlazko^>Ary , Apr. 16, 1917. 

Mr. S. Orpiszewski, editor of the Polish National .J.liance publications, 
spoke in the naiie of the press. Ke stated that the Polish press had always 
supported and would always support Polish commerce and industry and expressed 
the hope that the Polish merchants would some day make enough noney to sup- 
port the Polish papers with their advertisements, so that the latter v/ould 
not have to accept the advertisements of strangers. ^ 

The following merchants spoke in the order named: Mr. Kasprayk, president 
of the Society of Polish Grocers; I^r. Kowalczyk, secretary; Mr. Sokolowski, 
treasurer; Mr. Trebaczkiewicz; LIr. Buczynski; Mr. Przysiecki; Mr. iaszko; 
Mr. Napiorkowski ; Mr. ICaszubov/ski ; Mr. John Singer, director of the Polish 
National /JLliance; Mr. Jelinski; and others. Their speeches dealt on the 
subject of raisin(^ the standard of Polish commerce and industry. 

During the beuiquet, our hungry brethren in Poland v;ere not forgotten, since 

II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 

II D 10 

III H Dziennik ^wiazkow^- , Apr. 15, 1S17. 


:-;7S.80 v/as collactsd for this cause. 

It should be added that the Society of Polish Grocers now has 250 members, 
and there could be riany aore if all the Polish grocers belonged to this 




Dziennik 'vriazkowy , I.Iar. 31, 1917. 


T\'/enty representatives of the most imr^ortant Polish real-estate firms in the ^ 

city attended the meet in -^ that v/as held last Thursday evening at the ^olish7 5 
Press Club by the i olish .Realtors' Society. <:^ 

The meeting; vjas informal- -mo re in the nature of a social function than a busi- -t? 
ness meetin-^. :.!atters concerninr the firr.s that were represented there were o 

discussed in an informal, friendly manner, 

Andrevj Schultz, chairman of the meetin-T, called upon I:'.r. If-. J. Perec zkowski to 
read a draft of the proposed constitution, Teophile otan, /mdrew Schultz, 
Stanley .Takiel, Z. l.ajewski, L. Ser:el, K. i,owinski, and others suggested and 
discussed several corrections and rnxOdifications to be made in the final draft. 

Those present agreed in the inain with the opinion of the constitutional com- 
mittee and strongly emphasized that the primary T)urpose of the society was 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 


Dziennik Iw^iazkovry ^ Liar. 31, 1917. 

to raise the ^resti^-e of the profession. This profession now occupies an 
unfavorable position, as a result of the :^reat number of incompetent and 
dishonest peoiole who work sporadically in this field and who, through lack of 
the proper qualifications or throu;/h sheer dishonesty, cause their clients --reat 


This society v;ill try to unite all the -olish realtors who display competency r^ 

in real-estate taana^ement, and is interested only in the quality, not the ^ 

quantity, of its members. The society will see to it that both parties — the p 
seller and the nurchaser — are served honestly and intelli^^^-^'tly* 


After a veirj pleasant sup^:)er prepared by L!rs. Tlosinski, hostess of the Club, <^ 
the m.eetin^ v:as adjourned after midnight, and everyone left the Club with the 
feelinc; that this society will do a :-reat deal of rood for its members, for the 
entire T^rofession, and for those v/ho em^doy the services of real-estate a/7;ents. 

II B 2 d (1) 

^^ Dziennik Zwiazkov/y , Liar. 15, 1917. 

:iimo',j Dispi^YY oo!rn:sT 

The follov/ing Polish merchants of Jhicago have entered the window display con- 
test announced in ii^konomia (Economy): M, Idzikowski; "The Progress," Z. 
Ulanowski and Sobiacki, o.vners; G. Plucinski; and 3. Cislak. ^ 

The judges will bo Mr. Stanley Koziolek, an exi^ert in window triianiing, and ^ 

representatives of the Polish press, as follows: Lir. Papara, of Dziennik U 

Chicagoski ; Mr. H. Lokanski, of Dziennik Narodov/y ; Mr. .inielewski, of '^. 

Dziennik Ludov/y ; and Mr. J. Przyprawa, of Dziennik ^wiazko;vy . I: 

The review of the windows will take place this evening at seven. "^ 

Skonomia is offering the following av;ards to the contestants: Ten dollars 
first prize, and five dollars second prize. 

: II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

t II B 2 d (1) 

IV Dzionnik ::wiazkovr/ > Mar, 16, 1917. 

The contestants have trimmed their windows so tastefully and in such a grand 
style that they are really worth looking at. 

The window displays of the above- entioned merchants deserve ptirticular notice. 
It seems as though the judges will have a hard nut to crack in deciding v;ho 
is to win the prizes. 

A contest of this type as inaugurated b^r Hkonomia , the organ of the Polish- 
/unerican Businessmen's Association, deserves recognition, and we hope that 
iilkonomia .;ill continue to arrange similar contests, as this v/ill have a good 
effect on the development of our business enterprises. 

II A 2 

> » 

POLISH /u;',„,,"'i\ 
Dzlennik Zwlazkov?y . July 24, 1915, \V^ ^,/ 


The Polish I.-erchant*s Association is happy to welcome and add to its 
membership a nev/ business enterprise under the name of Central Cornice 
Company, The president of this new firm is Ivlr. Stanley Porazinski, and Piatka, the well-known architect, is vice-president. The plant, 
located at 2940 N. Avers Ave., is employing about twenty-eight people, 
and will increase this by 50/S in the immediate future* This is the 
only Polish firm of its kind in the city of Chicago. Therefore, all 
Polish contractors, in ordering material, should remember that we 
have our ov;n firm which is worthy of support. 

II A 2 

III B 2 
Ijj jj Narod Polski> Vol. XIX, No. 8, Feb. 24, 1916. 

II D 10 


The Polish merchants and manufacturers in Chicago \\ finally grouped themselves 
into one association with the aim of cooperatim^ in the work to be done in their 

About 200 Polish merchants belong to this association, which is already beginning 
to unfold a blissf\il activity for the Polish cause. 

Last Sunday, at 2 P. M., marked the opening of a bazaar in the Polish Women's 
Alliance hall for the benefit of the h^ingry in the fatherland. 

His Excellency Bishop Rhode accepted the invitation of the committee, which 
requested him gracefully to attend the opening of the bazaar so that with his talk 
he could start the work T.*hich should prove beneficial to the increasing of the funds 
necessary to save our poor countrymen suffering in want on account of the present 

The Polish merchants and manufacturers fear that tne hall at the Wo-nen's Alliance 

II A 2 

_2- ^',„,^?^LISH 

Narod Polski, Vol. XIX, No. 8, Feb. 24. 1915. 

'•' - 
will not "be long enough to hold all the well wishing countryinen desiring to 
participate in the bazaar and by this opportunity to come also into possession 
of several val^oable ana useful articles which will be raffled off • Every cent 
snent at this b'?.zaar will not only help this noble cause but v/ill also bring a 
markea percentage of profit* 

Tlte bazaar wilx last three weeks as follows: Four Sundays, three Mondays, three 
Wednesdays. During all the days of this bazaar the Polish choirs will make the 
stay of those present more en.ioyable with their singing and also the bar and the 
restaurant will be prepared to take care of the guests. 


III B 2 

II D 10 Dzlennlk Zwlazkowy , Jan. 23, 1913. 





Information has reached Dziennik Zwiazkowy to the effect that certain unin- 
vited guardians of the Polish National Alliance and its institutions are -^ 
spreading rumors to the effect that the Northwestern Trust and Savings Bank, 5 
at whose head stands Mr. John F. Smulski, well knovni in Polish-American circles, ^ 
has made an enormous profit in the recent transfer of money from the Department '~^ 
of Independence to Europe. -o 

Rumors of this type can be nothing more than pure imagination on the part of 
the opponents of the Department of Independence. They are put into circulation 
purposely so as to harm the Polish National Alliance and the bank of which Mr. '-^ 
Smulski is president. 

We want to veryify the fact that, before going to the Northwestern Trust and 
Savings Bank, we visited all the other important banks in Chicago dealing in 


II A 2 - 2 - POLISIi 

III 3 2 

II D 10 Dzieimik Zv/idzkovrr , Jan. 23, 1915. 

III li 

IV foreign exchange. V/e did this v;ith but one purpose in mind — to send 
the money to our needy brethren in v/ar-tcrn Europe at the Icvest 

possible rate of exchange. 7e attest with our ovm signatures to the fact that 
the Ilorthv/estem Trust and Savings Banlc miicie no profit v;hat soever in this 

C. Zychlinski, president of the Polish National Alliance 
John 3. Zav/ilski, general secretary 
Joseph Ivlagdziarz, treasurer 





Dzlennlk Zwlazkoi^y , Dae. 12, 1914« 



It is an established fact that STen in difficult times the December holiday 
purchases of furniture, supplies, clothing, house furnishings, underwear, 
accessories, and food, amount to at least ten dollars a person in every 
Polish family in Chicago* If there are families which do not spend this much, 
there are others which spend a great deal more* Since there are 400,000 
Poles in Chicago, our purchases in general during this month amount to four 
million dollars* 

The Polish-American Businessmens* Association of Chicago wishes to call the 
attention of all the Pples in Chicago to the fact that if these four million 
dollars are spent at Polish stores the economic welfare of the Polish people 
will improve at once, and the factories and wholesale houses seeing an in- 
creased demand on the part of Polish firms will be forced to give us better 
terms and to hire Polish employees^ 

WPA (ILL) PRO J. 30275 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

III A ' 

Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Dec. 12, 1914. 

All the Polish firms vdiich have Joined our association and have the asso- 
ciation's seal in their windows have obtained good merchandise at a reason- 
able price and can render best service to our countrymen* 

If these four million dollars are spent in Polish stores, we shall be able 
during the coming season to make joint purchases on a large scale and shall 
thus be able greatly to reduce our prices, at the same time that we assure 
our customers of first-class merchandise of select quality. 

Through joint purchases we shall create a real operating basis for the few 
Polish factories and enterprises now in existence and shall open a great 
field of work for our people vJio are so mercilessly exploited by other 

Polish workmen have always been paid highest and treated best by honest 
Polish firms, and only such will be accepted into our Association. 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 


Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Dec. 12, 1914# 

It is to the Poles • most vital interest that the December holiday purchases 
be made at Polish stores belonging to the Association, because they will not 
only foster the development of our commerce and industry, but at the same 
time will see to it that Polish people will be properly served and provided 
with the best merchandise at the lowest prices. 

Let the four million dollars of Polish money go to Polish business* Let it 
increase Polish wealth. Let joy and gladness come into all our homes on 
this great family holiday — the holiday of the Nativity— through the knowl- 
edge that during these hard times we have wisely protected our welfare to 
the best of our united efforts. 

Polish men and women, let every penny's worth of purchases be made at the 
Polish stores vdiich have created our Association. Our seal placed at the 
head of this article will show everyone the way. 

Our general secretary Dr. J. K. Orlowski, 1747 West Division Street, Chicago, 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

II A 2 - 4 - POLISH 


Dzlennlk Zwlazkowy > Deo. 12, 1914. 

Illinois, will accept the applications of new firros that want to join our 

The next general meeting will be held on Sunday December 13, at 2 P.M. 
Seals, buttons, and membership cards, will be distributed at this meeting. 

With fraternal regards, 

Board of Directors of the Polish-American Businessmens 

Alexander Busch, President 

K. Olszowy and A. Czechowicz, Vice-presidents 

W. Graczykowski , Treasurer 

Dr. J% K. Orlowski, General Secretary 


T T ,*• O 



i 1 — , ' ■> 



lY Dzieniil"': 'yiiazlz^^rjjy . Xov. 16, 1914. 

TI16 t3npor:iry bourd of dir^3Ctors of tlia rolisii-.j-iericun BusinessMen's .^30- 
ciation called a r:eneral ineGtinc of the Polish irierchants and industrialists ^ 

on I'ovenber lo, for the purpose of subirattinc a c^^^^i*-! outline of the con- ^^ 

stitution and of electinr^ na:ibers to the board and to the ChaMber of Con- -c;:^ 

merce and Industry. 

Lr. /-Alexander Busch, president of the ter.pcrary board, v.'as chairraan of the 

Tlie secretary asserted that 126 fir .13 were represented. Besides these, a 
niuiber of firjis had applied for :.:enibersiiir» by letter. 

Ilr. Joseph I.'ierzynski, author and publisher of ::iany publications in the field 
of coi.uierce and industry, v/as ca .led upon to explain the problens confronting 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 


IV Dzlennik Zwlazkowy ^ Nov, 16, 1914# 

the Association* In an excellent speech he loade the following valuable remarks: 

''A merchant is interested in profit. Every one of us is in business in order to 
make a profit. Every one of us will be glad to join the Polish-Araerican Business- p^ 
men*s Association if he sees that by Joining this organization he will be able S 

to increase his profit and develop his business. ^ 

I — 

'•It would be a sad thing, however, if we formed an organization, merely for the -d 
purpose of getting a larger profit from the general public. If the aim of our o 
organization were to fill the pockets of the Polish merchants and industrialists 
at the expense of our customers, we not only would fail to gain the support of 
the public but would deserve condemnation and contempt. ^^"^ 

••We are forming an organization not merely to improve our own living conditions 
but also to serve the Polish people by supplying them with better merchandise at 
lower prices • 

••Let us then remember that the Polish-American Businessmencts Association has 
two important purposes: 


II A 2 - 3 - • POLISH 

IV Dzlennik Zwiazko^y , Nov. 16, 1914, 

(1) to foster the improvement of the living conditions of its members and 

(2) to serve the public by supplying it with better merchandise at lower 
prices • 


•* A businessman's success depends largely on three things: namely, (1) pur- 
chasing of good merchandise on convenient terms; (2) selling this merchandise 
as quickly as possible at a good profit; and (3) collecting the money due for 
the sold merchandise.** 

The speaker illustrated the great service which the Association could render 
our merchants and industrialists and all of our Polish people in all three of 
these directions. 

He went on to explain the advantage of a joint trade-mark~the guarantee of the 
organization-- the great advantage of joint advertising in the press, and the 
great benefit to be derived from trading stamps, the system of premiums for 
the customers, and participation in joint profit. 


II .. 2 - 4 - PQLI::H 

III .. 
TJ Dziermik -^v;iazk:o^ > Kov, 16, 1914» 

Those assembled listened vith ^reat interest to Kv. Llierzynski* arguments • 

Next Mr. J, Crlowski presented the outline or the constitution as worked out 
by the te/aporary board of directors. 

xiccorc in^:; to the constitution, ne.Tibers are divided into sponsors, vvho lend their 
support to the aims of the organization; charter members; active members, con- 
sisting of aerchants and industrialists exclusi^yely; and participating members, -o 
recruited from the publi'c in j/eneral for the purpose of supporting Polish com- 
merce and industry in specific neighborhoods under the direction of specially 
orgajiized inspectors. 

According to the articles of the constitution, the purpose of the organization 
is to develop Polish commerce, industry, and trade, cj-nd thus to improve the 
living conditions and economic strength of our people. 

The organization v.ill try to reach its aim by carrying on the folloxving ac- 

II A 2 - 5 - POLISH 


IV Dzlennik Zwiazkowy t Nov. 16, 1914. 

(a) It will propagate civic spirit among the Polish merchants and industrialists 
of all categories in this country and foster a spirit of solidarity and mutual 
co-operation among them. 

(b) It will make a study of business, and of the newest and most practical busi- 
ness methods, in order to satisfy the customers completely and gain their confi- 
dence, as well as to enable the individual businessman to reap greater profits. 

(c) It will systematically invest in and develop those branches of commerce and 
industry for which there is an actual need and ^111 conduct them in accordance 
vrtth the methods of foreign competitors. 

(d) It will supply working investment, and purchasing capital and will stimu- 
late sales by providing appropriate advertising and widening the selling terri- 

(e) It will help specific trade groups purchase raw materials, merchandise, and 
manufactured products, of good quality at the lowest price and on the best i)ossi- 
ble terms • 





II A 2 - 6- POLISH 

III ^ 

IV Dzlennik Zwiazkov^y , Nov, 16, 19 14, 

(f ) It vdll erect and equip stores and shops—both main centers and retail 
branches — and will take advantage of all opportunities to bring benefit to 
our commerce and industry. 

(g) It ^Nill unite all of our firms and all Polish people in general in one -^ 
solid group, so that they vdll use trading stamps and purchase exclusively j2 
from the firms belonging to this group and the profit from the stamps will be ;:^ 
turned over to the development of commerce and industry. r^ 

(h) In order to give business a higher social standing, it will gather our 
best people and finest families about a group of our reliable merchants and 
industrialists and will create a general liking for business and respect for 
workers and their families in particular. 

(i) Finally, by giving professional trainin^^ to the young people, it will 
enlist this gallant group, who are full of enthusiasra and realize the im- 
portance of this field of action, in the battle for the economic welfare of 
our people • 


r •, -« 
C J 


II -. 2 - 7 - FOLIoH 

III .^ 

IV Dziennik Zwiazkovry , Nov. 16, 1914. 

All Lhe methoas laentioned here for the development of our coiuinerce and industry 
should be put inx.o opera\.ion by the board of directors and a general meeting of 
the organization, in accordance v;ith the precepts of caution and economic reason. 
They should be put into effect one by one in accordance witn the tempo of the 
development of solidarity among Lne merchants and national solidarity among all 
our people ana in accordance v.ith the development of the association's means. -6 

As to the organization itself, the constitution decrees that the problems of the p: 
Association are to be undertaken by one of four main departments. These are: (a) ^:; 
the credit department: (b) the department of advertising, professional enlight- 
enment, and inrormation or expert counsel; (c) the department of social and club 
life, which endeavors to foster professional solidarity; and (d) the department 
of the most important special problems, such as joint purchasing, establishing ^^ 
and equipping bazaars, clubs, stores, etc», which are important to the develop- 
ment of commerce and industry • 

The number of inspectors to be appointed should be regulated by the actual need 
for them. Their job vail be to build unity, carry out specific tasks i and to work 
for the staunch co-operation of our merchants and industrialists and the general 
public • 

I ' 

II .. 2 - 8 - FOLIoIi 


IV Dzlennik Zwiazkovr/ , TIov. 16, 1914* 

The entire board of directors, to2;ether vath the sponsor, honorary meinbers, and 
the inspectors, is to constitute the Polish Chamber of Commerce and Industry in 
Chicago and is to delibt;rate over general matters concerning the deveDopment 
of commerce and industry ana the development of specific branches of trade. It 
should foster the spirit of enterprise and support unusually capable and hard- 
working people, as well as specialists in the department of commerce and in- 
dustry. It should recommend its decisions to the specific departments of the 
Association. It should extend its care over the patriotic work of our Polish 
organizations, our press, and our people in general. t 

The executive authority of the Association is to rest in the main board of 
directors, consisting of the president, tv.o vice-presidents, a general secre- 
taiy, a treasurer, and twelve directors. From the number of directors elected 
at a general meeting the board of directors is to appoint three to each of the 
special departnents. These three directors will themselves settle their depart- 
mental problems but will be under the control of the board of directors as a 

V .. 

II A 2 - 9 - POLISH 

III .. 

IV Dziennik Zvaazkov;y , Nov. 16, 1914 • 

These are the most important articles of the constitution which the assembled 
merchants and industrialists adopted in principle after long deliberations. 
They reserved the right to have a more specific description of the field of 
action of the departments embodied in a separate article. In discussing the -^"^ 
relation of the Association to its work, the necessity of eradicating all pol- ?^ 
itics and personal matters from discussions and deliberations was asserted. ^- 
Dealing with the important problems of the organization and arriving at a ^^ 
successful solution demanc the careful employment of all energy. z^ 

The following members were elected officers of the Association: President, Mr. 
Alexander Busch; Vice- presidents, Karol Olszowy and A» Czechowicz; Treasurer, 
Mr. V/. Graczykowski ; General Secretary, J. Otlowski; and Directors, County 
Commissioner Albert Nowak; Mr. Adain Majewski^ Commissioner of the Polish Na- 
tional Alliance; Mr. Joseph Mierzynski; Mrs. L Bradel^ 'representative of the 
Polish Women's Alliance and owner of a flag-making establishment; Mr. Waclaw 
Perlowski, president of the largest Polish furniture store, the Union Liberty 
Furniture Go; Mr. Alfonso Dziadul, dealer in surgical appliances; Mr. Bernard 


II A 2 - 10 - POLISH 


IV Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Nov. 16, 1914. 

L. Maciejewski, secretary of the three largest building and loan associations; 
Mr. V/» Sajewski, dealer in gramaphones and imisicul instruments; Mr. J. Jaglov;ski, 
fashion designer; Mr. >i. T. Hibner, or the Polonia Clothing Company; Mr. K» 
Struzynski, of Struzynski Brothers (honey and medicinal viines firm); Mr. Ulanowski , -- 
of the Progress, the largest laen's clothing store. ^> 

f """ 
Further, it resolved that this board of directors has the authority to appoint * " 

district inspectors and advisers. The {;eneral secretary v^as appointed organizer ;:; 

with a salary of one dollar a member. o 

Finally the people assei.ibled gave a rising vote of thanks to Commissioner Albert 
^owak/^ Nowakowski and Mr. Km Zychlinski, president of the Polish National iilli- 
ance, the Polish V.'omen's xilliance, and all three organs of the local press, for 
their support of this important cause. 

Mr« Orlowski, secretary genertxl, asserted that he would serve at his post to the 
best of his ability and would work exclusively for the good of the cause. He 


r J) 


II A 2 - 11 - POLISH 

IV Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Nov, 16, 1914# 

expressed the hope that through conscientious work and loyal fulfillment of 
his duties he would be able to eradicate all prejudices and unite even the most 
un enthusiastic people* 





IV ; "\ 

Dzlennik Zwlazkowy , Nov* 14-16, 1914* 


o ^^^ 

On November 13th a general meeting of the Polish Businessmen's Association, 
attended by over one hundred representatives of local business firms, was 
held to reconsider and to adopt the by-laws of the association. 

At the request of Mr. Alexander Busch, chairman of the meeting, that the 
aims and purposes of the Polish Businessmen's Association be explained and 
elucidated more extensively, ISr. Jozef Mierzynski, author and publisher of 
numerous articles on trade and manufactures, spoke as follows on the 
fundamental principles of the association: 

^The aim and purpose of the Polish Businessmen's Association is to help its 
members make larger profits in their businesses while serving their customers 
better. It would be a bad policy on the part of any member of this association, 
that his first and predominant tendency be that of drav/ing the most out of his 
customers, without giving them proportionate values in the form of goods and 
services, because a merchant follov/ing such a policy would not only lose the 


- 2 - POLISH 

. Dziennik Zwiazkov/y , Nov. 14-16, 1914. 

support of the community but v/ould also face the deserved condemnation of 
the public, all against the true spirit of the Polish Businessmen's 

"The members of this association," the speaker said, "will make well 
deserved larger profits not by charging e::cessive prices on their goods but 
rather by selling goods of higher quality at lower prices. This business 
feature can be attained and accomplished only v/ith the help and assistance of 
this association, for the reason that by being organized into a poxverful and 
resourceful group, v;e can buy high quality merchandise in great quantities 
and, therefore, at the lov;est prices, being thus able to sell them cheaper 
but in larger quantities, thereby making larger profits while keeping our 
customers satisfied." 

In his final remarks L'r. I'ierzynski pointed out the value and usefulness of 
advertising in nev/spapers, of trading stamps, and of the premiiim system for 
the customers, who thereby share in ohe profits of the merchant. 

Then there follov/ed the reading of an outline of the by-laws of the Polish 
Businessmen's Association by Llr. Grlowski, secretary of the association, and 



3 - ICLI3II 


tl.l -l^ 

Dziennik Zv/iazKOVTy , Nov. 14-16, 1914, , ';^. w 

"^^c — ^ 

the approval of said by-lav:s, v;ith the provision that in the course of 
time the present by-laws of the Polish Businessmen's Association are 
to be revised v;ith some additional regulations • 


6 ■• 

II :. 2 roLiJi: 

III B 2 

III .1 Dziennik!:o'\y > IIov, 9, 1914. 


r: 7i:: :.".tt.r o^' :j.j"/ .Lciri::a ?0LiaT oci::jxi] 

..t tlio sGCond Moetinc to dicjcusr:; I-olisli coLiraercejliold on jriday lloveifoer 
6, vays and riounG to ii.iprovc Pclisli busings:: conditions r/ore discus-ed in 
detail, ^ditor^s note: Tlio first Moetinc is roportod in Dzionnik 
r7;;iazl:o\-.y , l.'ovcnbor 5, 1914jj/ 

I!r. Joseph ?• Jz:.nnans!:i, prw^::idGnt of tho Coimaune in Koly Trinity Parish, 
presided at t:.e :.-ieetinr:. ?ceT'.rcsent::tiv. s of thirt3^-si:v Polish fiPMS Tiere 
present at t'lis Tieotinr, anonr: t.-en Ix. ..daiii .iijGv;s]:i, GOLnuis^iionor of 
t:ie i-olish lTationL.1 .JLliance; Ij?s. or^'pniev.'Shi and :a?s. ". .ilc.sze^,;icz froii 
uiie Polish .ononis .alliance; represontativos of the pr^^ss; and delo.^:ates 
fron neif -iborin,:; coMun.s. 

Polloi.-inr, 1 resident oz:,Tianshi * s i/clcoMinn address, ijr. Crlov;sl:i pre- 
sented the results of the previous discussion, the purpose of -jhich v.tis 
to discov'jr a neans of ir.iprovinr. our coi.u.ijrce and industry and of -rlvinG 

> ' 

II .. 2 


III B 2 

III .-. D z i e iin ik Isv: i a zko \vy , llov* 9, 1914. 


imnediate aid to our businessmen by arrancinc a fair during 
the pro-Chris trnas season. F. Pcrlowski vjas of the opinion that they should first become strong- 
ly orrcanized in ordur to have the means to carr^' out special undertakings. 

LIr. ..le:'Xind^.ir Busch vras of the opinion tliat the introduction of trading 
sta:.:ps v;ould encourage our countryiien lo make their purchases at their ovm 
stores. In the future, these stamps vK)uld afford the best means of col- 
lecting funds for the general needs of Polish business. 

LIr. Joseph ilierz^Tiski presented a detailed program for nationalizing our 
commerce and industry, for issuing staiirps, and for joint advertising by 
the firms belonging to the organization. 

LIr. Karol Olszovjy declared himself opposed to neighborhood fairs and in 

n • 


I • 

II X i:> Jv 

III .L J:^iennil: ;.vaazl:o\.y ^ ITov. 9, 191^-« 


favor of action v;Idch v.Duld help c.ll of our buiiinessnen in 
•Jliica::o, Ix. Jtnizj^slci, also, doubted that our r.ierchants v.liose stores 
aru a little farther av/ay from the iiain business district i/ould benefit 
by neighborliood fairs, but v/as in favor of forjiinc our ovjn porinanont or- 

ljr» Ozocho;:icz declared tliat business does not need to be illuminated as 
Huch as it needs to be enlir:'itened, in order to correct and inprove busi- 
ness conditions^ Ir. Palusze]: :ieclarod that he v.^-nted to see the stronr; 
ncv: businessmen's or{;anization un^iortahe real vork. Ilessrs, l^ardziarz, 
-.'ronshi, and Ulanoi:sl:i r:econded tliis notion enthusiast ically and ur^ed 
those present not to be diccoura,r:od by pr:vious failures* 

llr, Orlo::shi declared t'.at the Ooinriune in holy Trinity Parish x/ould re- 
joice at tlio n:r..s of trio establishj;ient of a stronr* ormnizr.tion of brsi- 
nessiien, ^ hich T;as so badly needed, h-c .'x::reed that the riatter of esoab- 
lisMng ^.uch an or{;,c-.niz ti^n ;/as pr:ssinc. 


II :l 3 - 4 - PQLIJII 

III B :3 

III /i ^ziennil: Jvd-J.zI:ouy , IIov. 9, 1914. 

.vdoptinn the rnotion of I'x. ..aclau Porlov:Gl:i cmd I.Ir. Hibnor, tlie 
ropr^Gentatives of relish fir::is v/ho ;;ere present, afjreed to form the 
Liolish I3ii3inos3nen*s .association of Chicago* 

Followins the speeches of rrosident Sz^n.nnshi , 1j?s. ... lilaszev/icz, dele- 
gate of the Polish ./ononis .. lliance, and I'x, .±. I.iijov/shi, cornaissionGr of 
the Polish national .JLliance, these Motions y;ere passed iinanii;]ousl;% 

Vj:. 1^. Perlor/slci and Olszov.y then novod that a teriporary board of directors 
of the .issoci-ition be ap2)ointed to conduct the vjork of the orr*anization. 

The folloTJinf^ persons verc elected to the board: I'x. .J.o:candor 3usch, 
president; Ilr. Ilarol 01s2:ov;y, vice-prisident; \x. Orlov/slci, secretary'*; I.Ir. 
Jonoph i.a^dziarz, tr-;as\iror; and, also, Vxs. ... hilaszc;jicz as reproscnta- 
tive of the lolish ..'ouen's /alliance, hr. 1'. Perlov;ski, iX. --• Czcchov/ictz., 
It, -lichacl Idsil:ovjc]:i, and ]t. Jolm Ja lovski. 

Tliis board of directors is to foriiulatc a "olan of action laiich is to be 

II A 2 - 5 - POLISK 

III 3 2 

III A Dziennik Zv/ig f ^.kowy , ITov^ 9, 1914. 


presented at the first full meeting of the merchants and indus- 
trialists, v;hich is to be held next Friday. 

The board of directors v/ill meet this cominc llonday. 

IiiiEiediately after the election of temporary officers, the follov/ing repre- 
sentatives of firms joined the Polish B-asinessmen's /i^ssociation of Chicago: 
¥r. ./aclaw Perlov;ski in the name of the tv;o largest Polish furniture 
stores, both named Union Liberty Furniture Company; I.Ir. A. T« Ilibner in 
the name of the Polonia Clothing Company; LIr. Michael Idzikoivski , ov/ner 
of a habrirdasher^'; Ilr. \'i. oajewski, owner of a gramaphone and musical in- 
strui^ients storo; Ilr. Fe^ix August^Tiov/icz, head of the lilcclesiastical Coeds 
Company; Ar. IV. Graczykowski, iron vrorks and construction; Ar. ^J.exander 
Busch, ovjner of the Superb cleaning and dying establishment; the brothers 
Plucinski, owners of a haberdasher:.^; the brothers ^truzynski, ovjners of 
a medicinal wines and honey business; lir. Liichael V/oitecki, jeweler; Ar« 
John LJLatowski, jeweler; lix. Joseph P. Jzymanski, lamps and electrical 



II A 2 - 6 - POLISH 

III B 2 

III A Dziennik Zwiazko\vy > Nov. 9, 1914. 


supplies; Mr. Adam Liajewski, real estate; lie. Joseph Karpinski, 
leather goods; Ilr. V;. S. Zwiefka representing The Perfect, a haber- 
dashery; Joseph ilagdziarz, representing the iivondale Clothing Company 
and Polish Casket Llaniifacturers; K. Olszev/ski., Polish Bookbinding Company, 
1154 Llilv/aukee Avenue; J, S. Sobiecki and Z. Ulanowski, representing 
The Progress, a men's furnishings store; J. Jablonowski, the first Polish 
men's clothing store in St. John Cantius' and Koly Innocent's Parishes; 
S. Ostrov/ski, custom tailor, 1320 North Ashland Avenue; J. 'Jronski, a 
painter. Under the Sign of the '..Tiite 2agle, 2830 Lilwaukee Avenue, K. J. 
B. V/ronski, Universal Bowling Alleys and Billiard Hall; Lenard, owner of 
v/awel restaurant; E. L. Kolakowski representing the publication The Gossips ; 
K. Stachowski, jeweler, 1115 Noble Street; Stephen Sjrpniewski, cigar manu- 
facturer; Vincent llilaszewicz, real estate; Joseph Mierzwinski, publisher 
of business textbooks; N. R. Nowaczewski, automobile shovn?oom; F. Perlowski 
representing the Perlowski brothers' south-side store; J, K* Orlowski, 
editor; J. Jaglov/ski modiste shop, 17'0 West 18th Street; A. Czechowicz, 
Kosciusko Photo Gallery, 2123 North Robey Street; A. J* Paluszek, repre- 
senting the publishers of Dziennik Zwia^cowy ; and J. Llisiewicz, florist. 

II ;. 2 - 7 - roim 

III B :i 

III ..-. Jz i cnni k J.'. ;ia zI:or.y , -To v. 9, 1914. 


1166 l-ilv;aul:ee .-Voiiue. 

I-T. ...lo:ai:idcr 3usch assured thone proccnt tliat t'lo teiiporar;>'' board of 
directors \-oulu at once :-ct to '..orl: enercotically to r]Qt as nany Tolisii 
buGiiiesGLion as possible to join the or^aniz^ition. i.e e:>zove3::jQ(i his 
fervjnt thanlzs to vJoiiiiune Jhree, v/hich embraces lioly Trinity Parish, for 
layin.:; tlie cornorstone of the r.r at uiidsrtakin ;• 

LliG to-.iporary board of directors iixiedir^toly sont the follov/inr; appi.>al 
to all lolish iL^rchants and industriali^^ts: 

'^Gountr^i.ionl Jui^in,;' such liard tines for our honelaiid, uhon horrible bat- 
tles are r- ,::int"; throuriiout the lands of forrior Poland, i:rJ:inf: ruins of 
citioG, destroying;, factories and rolisli coiiMerco and industry, it is our 
sacred duty to create a stron-"-; and enor otic ori:anization of our business- 
men here in the United Jtates, in order to assure respect for lolish na- 
tional -./or': arionr; stran;;:ors and curionf; ourselves, to support and encoura^:e 

II .: .1 - 8 - POLISH 

III 1; II 

III _ Jzi Jimi!: s.n,i.'zl:o\:y , "Tov. 9, 1914. 


those 7;'lo are younf::er and v/oaker, to av;ak..jn the spirit of enter- 
prise and T.rutual assistance, and to ::et all of our country'' neii — all 
Polish far.iili^s — to do their Trarc'iasin.^: at relish stores, /xranslators 
note: The ne:rb r:entenco liL\s been dostroyod/. 

"With tiiis patriotic thought in :.:ind, '..'e have decided to act for the bene- 
fit of all of our businessmen here in Ohica/p. Joiuiane xliree of the Polish 
national _J.lianee in l-oly Trinity Parish initiated t]io idea and, after 
Ion:: dclib-T:. tions on h'ov:]!:b>.r 1 and G, v;e or':anized the Polish liusinees- 
?:icn*s -.ssociation of Chicao. .o invito 'you to join our or.^aniziation and 
co-oporatc v;ith us in tiiis a-orh. 


''Tlierefore r; to our r^etinr on liovenbor lo, at :l P. h. , at the 
Polish h>ti onal ..lliance buildiny and tr:.^ to briny 3^our business colloa.:riOS 
v;ho v;ould liho to co-oper: to. 

'h.hon a-e have our ov.ti stron'_ oivAnization everyone vlll troat you v/ith 

II .. 2 - 9 - PCLIoi: 

III 3 2 

III .. Jziomiik :j:l0i'zl:o\!Y , IIov, 9, 1914. 


Crei^ter re^;ard aiid vou v:ill be botber able to neet tlie coiipeti- 
tion of otjicrs. You v;ill find oner-'otic frctornLil help durinc slack 
Gor.sons. You v.lll be able to install tiio nev-CGt and nost ar)rro"oriate 
syGtcr. in your buGineGG. You i;ill help ug train a ncv/ r'enero.tion of 
youiif] and br:ive buGinessuen cjid you vill pionoerG of loliGh cori- 
ncTce and induGtry both haro and in the old countr^^. 

"He v;jio disdains co-opcrr.tivc '.;ork autor.iatically deprives hi. ..-elf of 
the greatest help and the only effective support — that v.hich a lolish 
i.r^rciiant or industrialist cr^n find £cnonr: his ov;n ^)eople« 

•'Brot]iar rnorcliants and industrialists, join us. Coxae, at once, all of 
you, brin:inc v;ith you all of ^rour cnthusiasLi, 

"'I'lie n^v orf- animation is your \rall of defense, the neans by whiich 2^ou can 
inprove yourself, your liciie, and the v;hole future of Polish business* 
It is a por:Tinont support for Polish national v;or]:, based on our ovoi 

* 1 

II .. :.; 

III 3 ?. 

Ill - 



- 10 - 

^icnnil: ];?iazl:o::y > llov. 9, 1914. 


strength and on the strenrth of all our people. 

"./o expect all 

^-"^ you 

<J X 


;'rida:^ at 2 ?• M. at the Polish national .vlliance 

"If an:; of you cannot in person v.Tito to us in care of our secre- 
tary, Dr. J. ]Z. Orlovjski, 174-7 ..est Division street, Ghicaco, Illinois 

";;ith fraternal ro^,ards, 

'-.lexcinder Dusch, President 
'ICarol Clszoi.y, Vice-president 
^J. IZ. Crlov.'Ski, Secretary 
'Jor^eph IZazdziarz, Treasurer 
'--.. iiilaszev/icz 
'?. Perlovjski 
*l.ichael Idzikovjski 
'John Ja (;!:■/.: ski 
'A. Ozechowicz" 


III B 2 

III A Dzlennlk Zwiazkowy > Nov. 3, 1914. 



.fliile we are ir^utually urging each other with praiseworthy zeal to work for 
the homeland, we must not forget that this work will be more productive if 
the nain exponents of our comnerce cind industry — our stores, shops, factories, 
and other Polish businesses — are appropriately supported and strengthened. 

Our merchants and our few industrialists, who, without inherited capital, have 
earned independent posts through their own efforts and who capably conduct 
their businesses to the satisfaction of all of us undoubtedly deserve the 
enthusiastic support of the press oind of all Polish people in general, i 

In order that this support may be effective, our Polish people must be urged 
to shop at Polish stores. 


II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

III B 2 

III A Dziennlk Zwiazkowy, Nov. 3, 1914. 


For this reason, the board of directors of the third coinmime of Holy 
Trinity Parish invited many prominent Polish merchants and industrialists to 
meet last Sunday at the Polish National Alliance building to consider ways 
and means to encourage Polish patronage and in particular to discuss the 
matter of having a Polish fair in our district during the pre-Christmas 
season between December 1 and Deceraber 15. 

to. J, Szymanski, president of the commune, was chairman of the meeting. After 
Dr. J. K. Orlowski, secretary of the ccmr.une, had presented an exhaustive 
study of this matter, a detailed discussion took place in which the follow- 
ing people took part: Conaiissioner Adam Ivlajev/ski of the Polish National 
Alliance, ^Vaclaw Perlowski, Salter Sajewski, Alexander Busch, Waclaw Graczykowski, 
Michael Idzikowski, Struzyinski, Hibner and J. P. Szymanski. 

!*1r. Vfeclaw Perlowski, president of the Union Liberty Furniture Company, our 
l€u:*gest furniture store, discussed the importance of this matter and the 
condition of Polish commerce and the feet that it can develop only through 

II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 

III B 2 

III A Dzieimik Zwlazkowy , Nov. 3, 1914. 


the united support of all of our countrymen* 

Mr. Sajewski asserted that the participation of the coinmunes of the Polish 
National Alliance in this action will do a great deal toward fostering more 
effective support of Polish commerce. 

Mr. Graczykowski declared himself for united action in this matter, since this 
would affect the attitude of the Dress and would increase the confidence of 


the Polish people in p.eneral. 

¥x. Majewski suggested inviting neighboring communes to join in this action* 

Mr. Idzikowski lauded the efforts made in this direction by the commune in 
Holy Trinity Parish and expressed the conviction that the outlook of our 
people will change completely and that they will realize that Polish business- 
men provide them with a powerful means of improving the social welfare of our 
people here. 

Co ./ 

II A 2 - 4 - POLISH 

III B 2 

III A Dzlennlk Ziwlazkowy . Nov. 3, 1914. 


President Szynanski assured those present that the third corrjnune would 
willingly offer its hand in fraternal co-operation in order to win better 
conditions for our cormnerce and industry. 

Mr. Busch appealed to the Polish press not to neglect this matter and advised 
sending a list of our firms to groups, to be read at all of the laeetings. 

The study prepared by the board of directors was laodified to incorporate the 
suggestions inade at the meeting and the following was resolved: 

'"The Polish merchants and industrialists meeting at the invitation of board 
of directors of commune three at Holy Trinity Parish on November 1, 1914, have 
resolved to begin energetic action in order to develop Polish business here 
in America, to foster initiative and a spirit of enterprise, to continue to 
encourage and train young people for commerce and industry, to consider business 
as an important factor in our economic existence in this country, and to 
imbue our Polish people with a sense of duty toward supoorting Polish commerce 

II A 2 - 5 - P0LI3E 

III 3 2 

III A Dzlennik Zwiazkowy > Nov, 3, 1914« 


and encourage them to order and purchase all of their goods from Polish 
businessmen, ** 

It was then decided to form a permanent committee at once, which is to call 
a general meeting of all Polish merchants and industrialists for J'riday 
November 5 at the Polish National Alliance building. 

The committee was. comprised of the followin'^ members: }l!r. Waclaw Perlowski, 
representing the two largest Polish furniture stores, both named the Union 
Liberty Furniture Company; iir. A. ?• Hibner, representing the Polonia Clothing 
Company; Mr. Michael Idzikowski, owner of a haberdashery; Mr. .V. Sajewski, 
owner of a gramophone and musical instruments store; R(r. Felix August jniowicz, 
head of the Ecclesiastical Goods Company; IV. Graczykowski , owner of an iron 
foundry; Mr. Alexander Busch, owner of the largest rug and clothing dry- 
cleaning concern, Superb; the brothers Plucinski, men's haberdashers; the 
brothers Struzynski, medicinal honey and wine merchants; Mr. Michael iVoitecki, 
jeweler; Ivlr. John Mlotowski, jeweler; Mr. J. P. Szy:nanski, electrical supplies 

.» .h 




' / 

II A 2 - 5 - POLISH 

III B 2 

III A Dzlennik Zwlazkovvy , Nov. 3, 1914. 


merchant; L!r. Ada^ ?.!ajewski, real estate agent; and Joseph Karpinski, 
leather goods merchant. 

This committee, together with the board of directors of the third commune, 
cordially invites all Polish Merchants and industrialists and all of our store 
owners, agents, and factory owners to come to the meeting on November 5, at 
2 P. M. , at the Polish i^ational Alliance building, to take part in our joint 

The matter of Polish industry and coirmerce in this country is of vital importance. 
It is everyone's duty, for his ov;n good and the benefit of all Poles, to 
support this matter v;ith all his strength. 

(Signed) Committee of Polish Merchants 
Board of Directors of Trinity 


II A 2 


17 Dzi emiik Ziviazkowy, Au;^. 29, 1914, 



WPA (ILL) PRO, 3C' ' 

VJhat v/ould be the result and benefit to our nationality if all Poles put 
their money in savings and checlcing accounts in Polish state banks exclu- 

The ansv/er to this ruestion is very clear and underst-.aidable. 7/e would 
shov/ our national maturity and solidarity* V/e v/ould greatly increase 
Polish commerce and industry, v/hich v;ould rave employiuent in Polish 
enterprises to thousands of our countrymen. IVorkers v.*ould be treated better 
v/hen they ^vere employed by Polish enterprises instead of stranr:^ers. We 
v;ould be respected by stran^^ers as a v;ise and v;ealthy nation. Polish banks 
would employ not tens, but hundreds, of younc Polish men and v;omen shov/ing 

aptitude in this field. The younc people, havin£: succeeded in Polish enter- 
prises would take important places in enterprises of other nationalities. 

The Polish state banl^s of I.Iessrs. J. F. Smulski and B, Zaleski are under the 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

m A WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

17 Dzlennlk Zwlazkowy , Aug. 29, 1914. 

supervision of the state government and are much stronger and safer than 
those of other nationalities* 

It is time, countrymen, that we got up by our own strength and supported 
our own instead of foreign institutions, as all other intelligent nations do. 

We can perfoim miracles, but we must immediately, without delay, get to 
work and start action among the masses so that Polish money will flow into 
Polish enterprises exclusively* 

II A 2 


Dzi ennir: Zv;iazlco;.y , July ::, 1914. 

KT'iG jagi:jllo 5UiL::i::a .v:d lo.j: AoScclvtic)!: k^'l security 

V/e crten hear tnat sone bank has gone banrcrupt. Cne of such recent instances 
we find in tlie ban}cru:-)tcv of Lorii.ijr's four banks. It is not sur jrisin5: then 
that people lose confio-inco i_ banks unci prefer to keep tiieir iioney in mat- 
tresses, thou li by cioin:; so they are subjeGtin,:; tr.eir savings to t-ie d.^ncer 
of fire, and to professional robbers and burglars. 

It appears taat of all .'.oney saving institutions the iiost secure is that of 
the Buildin/:: aiid Loan i^ssociaticns, Cne of tiie oldest and larr:est is the Kinc 
Ja^ciello liuilcinn and Loan .association, located at 1455-57 \,\ Division ^t,, 
\vhere the workin^^nan's savings are securely invested in i^ortgac^os, v;hich ao 
not lose taeir value a. id brin.. 8,w> interest. 



X).r i e nn i I: \ ■ i r. z ko^ • y , Cct* 4, 1913. 



\ y 



\ nev; fir::i, under the noiae of I rcsantine Distilbutin.f' Co., h:is been organ- 

ired ".nd incorT^orated in the ::tato of Illinois. The ne^. 

X Xx i. 

in ferine d 

for the ruri ose of luCinufacturin;: u nev; .Tcduct nejied iroGantine, to be 
used by fanriers to protect c^^i^ a(^ainnt insects, v.orns and birds. The 
plant is located at 1G3C '.. ]irie -.t., anc:. is r^iLna^ed 03^^ S. Ilanczevjski, 
brother of the inventor vho resides in rol^md. 

The charter :::eiiibers ar*^: i:a:: Kac:'i:iarek, the T;ell kno-.;n lav;yer; F. .v. 
Kv:asicroch, and ..loisius Kaczir^arek, all lost Office deprrtiiient eiriployees. 
Irosantine is v;idely used by Tolish fariers '.;ith a very c^oa result, 
savinr; a nreat ai.iount cf rrioncy. 



II A 2 


Dzlennlk Zwlazkowy . Aug, 9, 1913. 

( Advert i sement ) 

A Polish bank, under the official name of Depositors State and 
Savings Bank, has been opened with a capital and surplus of 
$375,000. It is the only Polish bank on the south side of the 
city that has been organized for the benefit and safety of all 
Poles residing in the neighborhood of Town of Lake, Bridgeport, 
etc. It is under state supervision. Now is the time to transfer 
your money to us, as the bank will pay 3% interest from July 1st. 
For the benefit of all Poles and Ruthenians from Galicia, our 
bank will forward money in ten or twelve days to your relatives 
living in this part of Poland, through the Country Bank in Lwow. 
Likewise, in our traveler's department steamship tickets on all 
the best lines are sold, to and from Surope. 





- ^t. 

7iaz!:o;\y , -'^ 

,u:. 9, 19i: 


T-'" T^or^irily the bank^s .lur^.rters are locat-^c • t 3. ZalenVl's b-rnk, 
45S2 GrooS Av^., ^-ntil "-ur ovm building, nov; under eonstr.iction at 
463^-37 3c. Ashland Ave., is finished. ^.11 le::al papers in connection 
with European business tra^nsactlons can he dravm up '-'ere by co:;netont 

7ci. Schidt, vice-pres, 

'7, J, ?63iC;:a, cashier 
J, ?, 3::ulS;:i, chairaan 


-V . O • 

— '• «~. t:> ."' '■"1 

J.J. o'lu -3_:i 
.« . oC/i -la'G 
J. Jan':ov;s":i 
I. nines 

X. ... .xeli'is^'i 

A. ?i rz:'nshi 

:. ''elt^ler 
■. J. Pesicka 


II A 2 

III H Dziennik Zwiazkotiy, March 22, 1913, 



Among Polish business institutions planned on a larger scale, first-place is 
occupied by the Bank Polski (popularly known as "White Corner bank"). The 
bank advocated the idea of saving; as a result the savings accounts were 
increased by four-million dollars. The honest and efficient service rendered 
by this bank has made it very popular not only among people of the Polish 
settlement but even in Poland. 

Mr. J. F. Sraulski, president of the bank has recently, come in contact with the 
Bank Krajowy (Country bank) in Poland; through which, all international transactions 
will be handled. The Bank Polski has been operating only a few years, but because 
of the useful service rendered to the people, it has become a very popular 


D^-iennik l'v;iazko:;y , June 10, 191^-. ^ ^ , ^, .,_. 

A uchtui r:^:zi:Tic!i 

/LTter many hardships ^nd e::perii::entations in the construction of an electric 
trap for rats cmd Liice, splendid results vrere finally achieved by John 
Posada, rosidinf: at 1360 . Huron :^t. The idea v/as a success, and the 
inventor received a patent. The vr.lue and inportr.nce of this invention v;as 
appraised by several lolish citizens, L.nd they orc'inized a partnership 
consisting of the follo" inc individuals: 

John Posada, Leon Ilandral, John Krechniak, Jacob '.:ozny, Joseph Gala, and 
Llichael Pudlo. The inventor r.lll furnish further particulars to those 
v;i shine to join the company. 


II A 2 

Dziennik Zwiazkow;/, Jan. 21, 1912* ^ (.-.u,.; fiV^v vr /, 


Mr. ?-'. Kordella, conducting a "business at 1549 W, Division St., near Milwaukee Ave., 
was e:ranted a ratent on a new dresser lock which model was "oerfected by Mr. Prank 
Kleck of 931 Milwaukee Ave. The outstanding feature of this lock is its double 
locking system which can be nried onen only by extrer^e force. 

I D 1 b 

III A Dzlennlk Zwlazkoigy > Dec* 14, 1911. 
I C 



The slogan which is the title of this article is certainly familiar to every 
Polish man and woman* We employ it on every occasion, and many speakers shout 
it from the rostnuns at all sorts of gatherings in order to display befoire their 
audiences the solidarity of their patriotism~how they support Polish commerce 
and industry~how they strive to improve the material conditions of our poor 
people • 

Most frequently, however, these are but empty words I ^THiey are emptj^ because 
deeds do not follow these words, since we ourselves have often seen these 
persons who shout, recommending to others the slogan, "Go to your own people,*' 
carrying out large packages of merchandise purchased at foreign stores. Especial- 
ly now that the Christmas holidays are approaching, and everybody is making 
purchases, you can see hundreds of our compatriots, even those on whose lips hanes 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 
I D 1 b 

III A Dzlennik Zwiazkowy. Dec* 14, 1911. 
I C 

the slogan, "Go to your own people", slipping out of Jewish stores, 
burdened with meix^handise, though they have tens of such Polish stores right 
next door* And, though this is an exception, we have even seen a few of our 
own businessmen, who thunder at their coinpatriots that they do not give them 
proper support, themselves, evidently to set a good example, making all sorts 
of purchases from foreigners. Our motto, "Go to your own people" sounds pretty 
in theory, but in practice it is nothing. We blow such soap bubbles on every 
occasion, bubbles which burst and disappear at the slightest touch of reality. 

We need therefore less mottoes, less empty phrases, less vacant prattle, but 
more action, greater solidarity on every score. Until we Poles force our way 
to a higher place in business and commerce, we shall continue to be the ordinary 
hired men of foreigners, and will have to do the heaviest, dirtiest, the most 
unhealthy, and at the same time the least remunerative kinds of v/ork. 

This is a country of commerce and industry. These two sources of wealth develop 
gloriously here, and fortunate is he who knows how to conquer them and profit - 


o i 



O ./ 


II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 
I D 1 b 

III A Dzieimik ZwlazkovA % Dec* 14, 1911 • 
I C 

from them. But one must know that in commerce and industry, successful 
competition, and support of one's own people are of the greatest importance. 
Strangers will not support us in either commerce or industry, because they really 
adhere to the motto: ••Go to your own people", and will go a fev/ blocks out of 
their way to their own countrymen for merchandise, passing up foreigners, lihy 
then should not we Poles follow the same tactics? IVhy do we not support with 
our money Polish commerce and industry, in order to build them up? 

Besides agriculture, commerce and indxistry are the most important elements in 
the development of all nations, and fortunate is the nation which knows how to 
conquer and develop these important factors leading to material wealth. The 
wealth of individuals in commerce, industry, and agricultxire is the wealth of 
the entire nation, its power and its future. Therefore let us try hard to reiise 
our industry and commerce to the heights which these two branches of material 
wealth should have attained long ago. 

We remind our countrymen and women of this now because the Christmas holidays 

H. fi 

II A 2 - 4 - V'^,. c.y POLISH 
I D 1 b '^-^^-^ 

III A Dziennik z.wiazkov;- , Dec. 14, 1911. 
I C 

are approaching, and as a result ali.iost evei^^one xvill be raaking greater 
purchases of all sorts of merchandise for Christnas^ V/e appeal, therefore, to 
the reason and the sense of solidarity of our fellov; countrj^Tiien to activize the 
slogan, "Go to your own people" bv purchasing all they can fron their own com- 

Your mone^^ you have earned by the sweat of your brovj; you have given your employers 
your hard labor, enriching them because you did not receive for your v;ork as 
much as you deserved. 1'herefore do not give these pennies earned by such hard 
labor to strangers, in order to enrich them from this source. Let the money earned 
by Polish toil and labor go to the Poles — let it elevate our nation, and let it 
not fatten those who may even be our enemies. 

The Christmas rush has begun already; millions of dollars are pouring forth; let 
then a part of these millions go into lOlish hands — let not the Polish stores 
remain empty when the foreign stores are crowded with customers. Believing our 
slogan, "Go to your o\m people'', let us follov; it that it may lead us to our own 

II A 2 - 5 - POLISH 
I D 1 b 

III A Dziennik Zwiazkov>;y , Dec. 14, 1911. 
I C 

stores, and drive us av/ay from foreign stores • Let us support each 
other in every way, because strangers will not support us. And besides, the 
merchandise of a Polish merchant is certainly no worse than that of others, 
about which fact anyone can convince himself; therefore why not go to our own 
brothers? IVhy not aid their development in commerce and industry? 

After all the material well-beinc of Polish merchants and industrialists is the 
material well-being of all of us. If they have more, then we will be able more 
easily to earn something from them; and besides for nationalistic purposes, for 
the enlightenment of the masses, we could contribute money more easily if we 
were wealthier. Today we are much better able to contribute to all sorts of 
general causes than we were severed years ago when v/e were poorer, and our offer- 
ings will become greater as we become wealthier. 

Those things which you can, purchase from your countrymen, with the thought that 
this is simply your duty, and not a favor# Let our housewives consider it a 
national sin to pass up Polish merchants in order to enrich Jews or Geimans. 
Your husbands have to work hard for these dollars, which you sometimes lightly. 


\ c/ 


II A 2 - 6 - POLISH 

I D 1 b 

III A Dziennik Zwiazko\wy , Dec. 14, 1911. 

I C 

without due consideration, spend; therefore at least let them go to 

our own people — to the Poles. 

Go to your own people — that is the slogan, which should not ring like a cracked 
bell, but which should be turned into action. V/ould that our words might find 
their way into your hearts and your Polish consciencei 

II A 2 P0LI3H 

I G 

IV Dziennik Zvaazkovy , Nov, 16, 1911 • 

(Voice of the reople) 

Commerce is the fouudcition of every nation, the nain pillar of every com- 
munity. Today the prosperity of a nation does not depend upon the size of 
it^. army, but on its commerce and industry; in any c^ren comrr.unity, too, 
the more its com^nerce and industry are developed, the more enlir-htened, 
v/ealthy, skillful, and resistant to all kinds of temptations of the enemy 
it becomes. •••• 

Our Polish people in iunerica, in ^the matter of commerce and industry, are 
still stcndine: at the very bottom or the ladder — a sad state of affairs for 
v,hich opecific individuals cannot be blamed, v;e must search out all the 
factors which, directly or indirectly, should influence the development of our 
commerce i.nd industry; these must be corrected or strengthened, so that they 
v;ill operate to the advantage of our tntire community. 




Dziennik "^v/iazkov^y , Nov. 16, 1911. 

A Pole is a farmer and a kni(::ht in one person. Cur forefathers knev; how to 
bear arms against great odds tind still be victorious; they kneiv hov; to till 
the soil expertly and to draw profits from it; but they lacked trade instinct, 
and held commerce in utter scorn as being nothing but a swindle. Our blood 
rebels against business. This is the primary factor, and probably the most 
importcjit of all factors, exerting a baleful influence on our commerce. 

Another import^^nt unfcivorrible fc.ctor is the luck of professional commercial 
training among some of our businessmen. Coupled v.ith this is a deficiency 
in business resourcefulness and rapid orientation. Jtill another deficiency 
is the lack of that vital link between the merchc^nts and the people, national 

Is there a cure for our faults? ./e answer that there is a cure, an unfailing 

If we acouaint ourselves vith the conditions under which our commerce is de- 

II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 


IV Dziennik Zwiazkov.y, Nov. 16, 1911. 

veloping, we will not be surprised at its inadequacy, but rather y^e will 
be surprised that a single peasant or factory v.orker, lacking these attri- 
butes of cormnercial success, is able, after a fashion, merely on the strength 
of his work and perseverance, to survive in the position of a businessman. 

Let us remember Vvhat we were, what we are, what we desire to be, and what we 
must become. Let our past be the indicator of our mistakes. Today, in America, 
we cannot step out with a saber in our hands ready to fight; we cannot plow and 
sow on the pavements of great cities; but we can fight intelligently with the 
pennies v;s have earned, gathered together in the fund of the Businessmen 's Associa- 
tion, and harvest the crop in the form of dividends. 

Children of more comfortably situated parents should not be harnessed to the in- 
significant businesses of their parents, but should go to professional commercial 
schools where they can develop the faculties of orientation and resourcefulness 
in every kind of business. Only vdth such commercial education are people capable 



i. k 

I G 


^ A, ^ 

Dziennik """vaazkovr/ , Tov. IG, 1911. 


of conductinc partnerships and of constantly increasinc the business of the — because there v.ill be no .suspicion am lack of confidence auion^; the 
iTienbers, since all of them w.ill loiov, their business thorou/;^-^l7, and one will 
not be able to svandle the other; there will be no quarrels there, but v.ork 
and more v/ork geared to a professional business tempo • 

Furthermore, an absolutely necessary factor in business success is advertising 
in the press, our press lends very feeble support to business — because Polish 
business lends even less support to our Polish pres-; therefore, many publishers 
do not support Polish commerce and industry with all their strength and know- 
ledge for fear that foreigners will refuse to give them any advertising; end it 
is this foreign advertising, meager as it is, which enables the publishers to 
make ends meet. 

The solution is a simple one — our press and our businessmen, as the pillars of 
our -society, must shake hands, our businessmen in Chicago number more than 
forty thousancj, easily enough to support the four Polish new^sp?:pers issued in 

II .. 2 - 5 - P0LI3H 

I C 

Fy Dziennik Zv;iazkov.y , Nov. 16, 1911. 

Chicago at present. Our businessmen must advertise re^nilarly in these papers, 
. even though the ridvertisements are small. 

'Our press "vill then stand strongly behind them, seeing this nev; spirit of co- 
operation; and the hand of the businessman v.ill be clasped by thu hard, honest 
hand of the worker. Ill en v;hen the patriotic capitals have united in brother- 
hood, the patriotic provinces vill follov;. xOid our ;\^rriors, v;ho are fichting 
for the future of our people, \.ill then rest in the blissful conviction that 
strangers v;ill not disregard our com :Unity. 

Your compatriot and servant, 
(oigned) L. i^nieciak 

^ VJJX0X1 

II A 2 
I D 1 a 

Dziermik ZwiazkoTTy, Oct. 7, 1911. 


The Polish settlement in Chicago is growing fast and with it the Polish enter- 
prises. The best evidence of this progress is in the growth and development 
of the Eagle Brewing Co*, 3608-2620 N. Western Ave., which was organized by a 
group of Poles who are members of the Polish ^lational Alliance, and are at this 
time enlarging their quarters at a cost of $50,000. 

The beer brewed by the Eagle Brewing Cq. is among the best in the country. The 
corporation was founded with a caT)ital of $30,000, which has increased to $100,000. 
This year a 10;^ dividend will be Daid on all invested capital. The Eagle Brewing 
Co. is at present under the management of T. Wardenski, president; J. SzymczaJc, 
vice-president; W. S. Zwiefka, secretary; J. Szymkowski, treasurer, J. Kortas, 
M. Marach, P. Opiela, S. Jaskowiak and J. Trandel, directors. 

II A 2 
I V 



■ / . 
I ■ ; 

Karod Folski, Vol. XV, July 26, 1911. 


The nev/ building of the Polish bank, v^hich is being constructed by 
LIr# Sikorski, grows like mushroons after rain. The splendid build- 
ing of this Polish financial institution vdll not only afford 
decoration to the Polish district, but vdll also prove the spirit 
and enterprise of our coiipatriot, Llr. J. Smulski, who through 
honesty and thriftiness cane to such a remarkable fortune* 

In addition to this, all constiTiction v/orks of the Polish building 
have been confided to the Polish tradesmen* 


I D 1 a Dzi enn ik Zwiazkowy, F eb> 11, 1911. 


Our country-i^.an, Mr. L. Smiejkowski, who is a meni'ber of the Polish National Alliance, 
has invented a very practical and interesting window-sash. The invention consists 
of a metal frame into which a window pane is inserted. This frame is practically 
weather-proof and fits the window sash so snugly that putty is not necessary. 

Windows equipT)ed with these frames will not deteriorate rapidly because they are 
weather proofed. The window-pane can be replaced very easily and quickly because 
putty is not necessary. This frame can be used for any type of window. 

Mr. Smietkowski has patented his invention and has started manufacturing. His 
factory is located at 1725 North Ashland Ave. and the name of the firm is The 
Puttyless Window Pane Fastener ^'fg. Co. We wish him success. 


II A 2 

I D 1 b 

Dzienntk Zv/iazkowy, Feb. 11, 1911. 



Mr# Bronislaw Kukowski, a member of the Polish National Alliance has opened a 
new bookstore, at 1417 W, Chicago Ave, 

He has a vast selection of im-oorted and donej^tic books on science and hi^^tory, 
religious, theatrical and school textbooks. He also has a large collection of 
very beautiful Dost cards, iTirnorted and domestic, and a full line of stationary 
supx^lies. v/e should "oatronize him. 

II A 2 

Dzlennik Zwiazkowy , Dec, 20, 1910 



Information reaches the Polish newspaper, Dziennik Zwiazkowy , to the effect ^ 

that lir. John Smulski, the president of the local l^lish bank, has been ^ 

unanimously elected treasurer of the Chicago Association of Commerce. This C 

newspaper on behalf of its staff and of all its readers wishes to extend to ^ 

Mr. Smulski its warmest congratulations on this distinction. £ 



III B 2 .. , , . . 

IV Dziennik Zwiazkovnr . Oct. 27, 1910. ^'^' ^ ^JLL./ PKUj.3U2/i 


The thirtieth eoiniversary of the Polish Businessmen's Society, Group 3 of 
the Polish National Alliance, was celebrated with a banquet on October 22, 1910. 
That the entire affair was a huge success can be attested by all who parti- 
cipated. At 9 P. M. , Pulaski Hall began to be filled with members of the 
society and their families. The dance was in full sway to the melodious strains 
of ItiT. Skowronski's orchestra. 

At 11 P. M. , Ivlr. Blaszczynski appeared upon the stage and delivered a brief, 
but very sincere, speech. In it he noted that thirty years have elapsed since 
the founding of the society and that only four members who built this associa- 
tion are still alive. Those, he said, who have left us permanently have left 
not just a memory of themselves, but a great deal more — they have left their 
proxies in the persons of their children. 

The following speaker, the well-known LIr. K. Zychlinski, was greeted v/ith 
tumultuous applause. He spoke at length and pointed out the straight road, 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

^^^ ^2 . iVPA (ILL) FROJ. 30^/5 

IV Dziennik Zv/iazkowy , Oct. 27, 1910. ^ ^-^^uo 

which is shoivn to our people by the greatest and most poiverful Polish organiza- 
tion, that is, the Polish liational /illiance. The Poles should be motivated by 
the feeling that there is a certain goal toward which every emigrant Pole 
should strive, and the most certain way to attain it is to follow the path in- 
dicated by the Polish l.ational Alliance, because it v/as recognized and approved 
by the Polish people living in our motherland. The distinguished speaker was 
interrupted frequently by waves of hearty applause, and at the conclusion of 
his speech it seemed as if there would be no end to the manifestation of the 
peoples* approval. 

At 12 noon, the president of the society, I.Ir. Blaszczynski , and Lliss P. Bruk- 
wicka, as the first pair, and Lir. Brukivicki and Miss 3ak, as the second pair, 
led the Polish dance kno^^m as the polonaise, in which 150 pairs of dancers 
joined. The happy and friendly affair lasted until 5 A. M. , v/hen all left 
for their respective houses. 

(Signed) E. Goscicki, Secretary of the Committee 


II D 1 

IV Dziennlk Zwiazkowy , Oct. 19,1910. 


The powerful Tradesmen's Union makes continuous progress — so much progress that 
today it is beginning to occupy a higher level in some localities. By its good 
example, it gives incentive to other labor organizations to pattern their 
system on it. Despite the rapid progress niade by this Union, it must be 
admitted that not all the groups were consolidated. Because of this deficiency, 
several Polish locals of Chicago and vicinity have deemed it best to call a 
conference, to be held on October 23, 1910, in Chicago, at 1459 iklilv/aukee 
Avenue. The following order of the day pertinent to this matter was compiled 
by the Polish committee in Pullman, Illinois: 

(1) Opening of the conference. 

(2) Election of the chairman and the secretary. 

(3) Election of the comiaittee on credentials. 

(4) Report of the credentials committee and reading of the list of 

(5) Development of the Tradesmen's Union among the Polish immigrants 

II A 2 
II D 1 

- 2 - 

Dzlennlk Zwla2kov;y , Oct. 19, 1910 


in the United States, 

(6) Propaganda and furthering of the Union* s caiise. 

(7) Literature and press of the organization, 

(8) Organization, 

(9) Position of the Tradesmen's Union taken toward political parties, 

(10) Sick and Death benefits, 

(11) New and unfinished business, 

(signed) John J. Gwirko 

II A 2 


Dziennik Zwiazkov.^, Oct. 13, 1910 


A meeting of approximately fifty Polish businessmen of Chicago was held on 
Wednesday, September 12, 1910, at the headviUiirtara of the Polish ^lational 
Alliance. It was decided to form an association knov/n as the Polish Busi- 
nessmen's Alliance, for the purpose of developing Polish trade and commerce 
in America and encouraging mutual support. The other phase of the meeting 
was concerned vilth devising some plan whereby our business could withstand 
the strong competition offered by other nationalities and considering ways 
and means of rendering better service to their consumers. 

The meeting itself v/as conducted by Mr. M. Idzikov/ski, while Llr. M. Skiermanski 
acted in the capacity of secretary. After lengthy deliberation, presentation 
of plans and projects, and debates, it was decided to form a Polish Business- 
men's /LLliance, into v/hich forty members have enrolled. Mr. M. Idzikowski 
was elected as temporary president and I.j?. Sajev/ski as treasurer. A bylaw 
coiiimittee v/as also selected. The next meeting of the newly organized Alliance 
will be held in the very near future, although a definite date has not as yet 
been given. 

II A 2 


Dziennik Zv/iazkov/y , Sept. 22, 1910. 


A permit to organize a building and loan institute was granted on September 
21, 1910, by the State Auditor, Mr. McCullough, to the following authorized 
gentlemen: llessrs. Francis V/ilkowski, Francis Grordon, Leon Zamorski, Francis 
Uzmeinski, Joseph ?• Mallek, Joseph Donek, and Francis Osmanski. The neivly 
formed building and loan gI^^un is to be known as the Father Gordon Building 
and Loan Association, with its location in Chicago. This association has a 
charter for the duration of a ninety-nine year period. 

II A 2 

III B 2 


Dziennik Zwiazkov/y , Sept. 17, 1910. 

Through the efforts of the popular mason contractor and vigorous supporter 
of the Polish National Alliance, Lir, 2dward Labendz, in co-operation with 
Mr. Joseph Petlak and several other citizens, the strong Polish Ivlasons* and 
Bricklayers* Society, nuribering over one hundred nembers, will soon become 
affiliated with the Polish Natioiial Alliance, as a group. It will be the 
first group composed of masters of the tra/zel who will stand under the na- 
tional banner. Thus far there were various individual groups of Polish 
tailors, carpenters and businessmen in the Polish National Alliance. Now 
the masons are to join the circle that they may also aid in the building 
of this national edifice. The Alliance extends its cordial invitation to 
this group. 

The administration of this society is composed of the follomng members: 
Messrs. Edv/ard Labendz, president; Joseph Lewanski, vice-president; Stephen 
D2:wonlciewicz, recording secretary; John Brauer, financial secretary; Charles 
Buchman, treasurer; Dzierzanowski, larshal. The meetings of the society 
are held on the last Thursday of the month, at 8:00 P.I.I. , at Ivlr. J. Petlak* s 
Hall, at Hamburg and Leavitt Strfeets. 


II A 2 

' IV 

Dzlennik Zwlazkowy, Zgoda, Jan, 12, 1910, 


The annual stockholders • meeting of the Northwestern Trust and Savings Bank ^ 
took place yesterday at 5 P. M« ^ 

Nineteen hundred shares out of a total of two thousand were represented either ^ 
in person or by proxy. ^ 

President John F. Smulski presented the financial statement. He indicated the 
earnings of the bank, explained the system and the manner of its operation, and 
dwelt on the conservatiTe nature of its loans , made only on the most secure 
collateral, to the full satisfaction of all the stockholders* 

The savings deposits amount to $1,000,000, and the regular deposits to $2,000»000« 
In this last year the stockholders have received $12,000 in dividends; the bank 
also set aside an undivided profit of $7,000. 





II A 2 ^ o . POLISH 


Dziennik Zwlazkowy, Zgoda> Jan. 12, 1910» 

The following officers #ere elected for the coming year: John F. Smulski, 
president, Walter J. Raymer, vice-president, John A. Przybycz, second vice- 
president^ T* M* Helinski, treasurer, Jiilius F. Smietanka, Maryan Durski, 
Joseph Korzeniewski, August J. Kowalski, and Herman Molner, directors, and ^5 
J« H# Schmidt, secret ary« "^ 



II A 2 



P 1 a 

Narod Pol ski . Vol. XIII, No. 32,_Aug. 11, 1909 

JjmrTESSAiq/ ^H 

July 28t 1909 marks the third anniversary of the opening of the North- 
western Trust and Savings Bank, 810-14 Milvmukee avenue. 

The suooessful development of this the only Polish financial institution 
in America will be shown in a few words* Incorporated and under the supervision 
of the State of Illinois it presents itself in the following figures; 

July Zdf 1906 -Opening date deposits were 13,531«73 

Up to July 25, 1907 - Deposits v/ere 1,000,000*00 

Up to July 28, 1908 - Deposits v;ere over 1,330,000#00 

and up to July 23^ 1909 - Deposits vrere over 1,650, 000*00 

Despite the fact that industry and commerce as well as err^lojnnent have 
been at a standstill, the grov/th of the Polish bank has been extraordinary 
and is the best proof of the general confidence placed in it# Deposits of funds 
have been made by many thousand of individuals as v/ell as Polish parishes, or- 
ganizations and societies, the government of Cook County and of the city of 
Chicago, and large corporations such as City Fuel Company, Northwestern Elevated 


Narod ?olskl > Aug. 11, 1909 ^.^ 

Railv/ay Compajiy, Chioago and Oak Park Elevated Railv/ay Compaiiyt Armour Compaiiyf ' \ 
Chicago Telephone Company t People •s Gas Light and Coke Company eind many 'others. 
This Polish bank v/as organized v/ith the intention of advancing Polish industry 
6Uid oorameroe with the same intention as that with which other banks were or- 
ganized by CzeohSf Germans t Sv/edes and other nationalities. This Polish bank 
stajids on a sound basis; its initial capital exceeds 02,000,000 6Uid the surplus 
cuid undivided profits amount to over $50,000. The officers and directors of 
this Polish bank are: 

k John P. Smulski, president Julius P. Smietanka 

John A. Przbyszf vice-president Herman !.!olner 

'Talter J. Kaymer, vice-president Jos. Korzeniev/ski 

Theo. U. Helinski, cashier Llaryan Durski 

17m. H. Schmidt, secretary Aug. J. Kowalski 

II .1 3 
I D 1 a 


Dziannik: Zvjidzkovy , July ■32, 19-9. 

otockhoid'ars of the vrnite ^diP;le^ Co., durin;^ their annual ju^-^ting lant 
Thursday, ^^lected the following aev- o^'fiors ror the :r?xt 70. .r: L. Ruthc-^ki, 
President; J. F, Bilcer, Vice Prcsinent: J. -^ helka, o3cretciry .iiid 3. niekinnki, 
Treasury* The 3l3C'';3d directors L. Hutkovjski, S. Pjlinski, S. hl^klinski, 
J. ?. Balcer, K. "'e^uk, P. Jiedz. iedski , 3. ohr—'-^^^'^cki , J. Cianocki, J. Kolbusz 
dnd B. J. Liaciej^ws^wi^ .w divid nd of 20;'j o. invooted "..^utal h^^s been voted 
t^nd approved. 


II A 2 

Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Apr. 28, 1909, v^^ <6 



Polish v/ork of developing inventions and applying for patents in America 
is running ahead of a normal pace. The Bureau of Patents, in its notices, 
has brought to the attention of all the many accomplishments of Polish in- 
ventors. In this field of endeavor Mr. Leon Chmielewski, Chicago painter 
and decorator vdio was born in Warsaw, Poland, has met with great success in 
securing patent rights for three of his inventions, all of which have excellent 
marketing possibilitias. 

One of the patents is for a steam bath apparatus and cabinet which may be 
adapted to home use. The second is an adjustable surgery table which can be 
used for hospital surgery and likewise as an examination table for physician's 
office use. The third, perhaps the simplest and most practical of the group, 
is one vjhich vail find its way into every home as a domestic utility; it is 
an adjustable curtain and drape frame, constructed in such a manner that the 
housev.lfe is able to hang her curtains and drapes and shades without climbing 
on chairs, tables or sills; thus many accidents will be averted. This new 



- 2 - \c "■ ■foi POLISH 

Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Apr. 28, 1909. 
device does not require any nailing or drilling into the ;mll or window frame. 

Mr. Chmielewski^s articles are on display at his office, and he is daily re- 
ceiving orders for them. If you desire any of these articles, or any 
information about them, write or call Leon Chmielewski, 2Z Evergreen Avenue, 
Chicago. Phone Humboldt 1082. 




TI A 2 


I D 1 a 

D2iennik Chictigoski, Vol, XIX, lio, 214, Sept. 12, 1908. 


That every person, men as v;ell as vromen, should save money as lon^^ as 
their health and life continues alon^^ the road of quccess, mainly 
betv/een the age of 20 to 60 years. After this age your life and 
health begins to decline and this is the tine v;hen your savings come 
to your rescue, in the hour of sickrje ss and need* 

That deposit books ca^i be had in the Polish bank located at 810-14 
iVdlv.'aukee Avenue, near Di^^ision Street; this is the best insurance for 
old age. 

That ijcie savings in the relish bank pay iZ interest per year from 
every one hundred dollars. 

That this interest is p'aid to the depositors every half year in 
January and in July* 

That every half year this interest is added to your amount in your 

II A 2 


Dziennik Chicagoski ^ Vol* XIX, iio. 214, Sept* 12, 1SC8. 

bank bock and from this tine new interest is grov/ing the same as it 
would grov/ from your deposits* 

That bank accounts in this Polish b^ ri-: can be had by married v/onen 
and are solely their ov;n personal accounts under their personal con- 

That bank accour-ts can be had by minors and the deposits reraain under 
their own control. 

That parents can sign and start accounts for their children in this 
Polish bank and have full control over such deposits. 

That this Polish bank rents deposit boxes at the small charge of 
|-3 a year, in vjhich you can safeguard your jewels and valuable 
papers from fire and robbers. 


II A_2 - S - POLISH 

Dziennik Chicagoski ^ Vol, XIX, i^o. 2M, Sept. 12, 1908, 

That the Polish bank sends money to all parts of Poland as well as to 
any section of the world. 

That the Polish barik at 810-14 Milv/aukee Avenue, comer of Haddon Avenue, 
settles and arranges all bank interests on the same level as the largest 
banks in America • 

' u -1 


. * 

,. ~* i 

v) / 

II A 2 


Dziennlk Zwiazkowy , Aug. 15, 1908. 



A prominent Pole, Mr. Antoni Zdzieblowski, a talented dramatist and author of many- 
stage playst such as "The Siberians," "Unfortunate Wives", and others, well-knoxm 
throughout Polish circles in both the U.S.A. and Europe, has ventured into the 
field of inventions. He has perfected a folding table which is both useful and 
practical. The largest model of this table can be hidden in any nook or corner. 
Because of its compactness its uses are many; that is, it can be used by merchants 
and manufacturers xrhere space is very limited. 

Mr. ZdziebloTTski, was granted a patent for his invention, and many furniture firms 
are considering the purchase of this patent. The inventor, however, is undecided 
whether to form a corporation and manufacture this table himself, or to sell the 
patent outright. 


II A 2 




Dzleanlk Cailciigoskl . Vol* XIX. No. 167, July 17, 1908. 




On June 25th the central administration of the Polish Buyers' Society 
"^.Vhite Eagle" published in all Polish papers a request calling a 
parliament of constitutional societies for the 29th of July, at Mr. 
Romanowicz's Hall, located at 120 ':f. Division Street. The Polish public 
is also reminded that on the same day, the consecration of the first 
Polish bishop in the United States, Rev. Father P. Rhode, will take 
place. The administration is doing everything possible to make this 
the greatest celebration to ever take place in the city of Chicago 
among the Polish people. 

This is a proof that our own flesh and blood, our brother, has finally 
achieved what the other nationalities never expected to see. Haven't 
the Polish people worked and slaved long enough to deserve this cele- 

- 2 - 


Dziannlk Chloagoskl > Vol# XIX» No# 167, July 17, 1908# 

brat ion and make the most of it? It was agreed that the parliament of 
constitutional societies was postponed one week, to August 6, at the 
same hall at 9 A« U. 

As it is known, for the last four years this organization of Polish 
polytechnic societies and trading companies has existed under the 
name of 'White Eagle, • This organization consists of Polish business 
men, buyers, wholesale and retail enterprises, and the small individual 
businessman. This organization was formed to unite all Polish business 
men In one group for the betterment of business and promotion of good 

You all know that every day some businessman is met by misfortune, and 
we must take steps to safeguard people in this hour of need. 

Very often it happens that a husband dies and leaves his business to 


- 3 . POLIS H 

Dzlennlk Chloagoskl ^ Vol. XIX. No. 16.7, July 17, 1908# 

his widow and children* V/hen the husband dies so does the business, 
and especially in the case the wife does not understand the business, 
what is she to do? 

In incidents like these, our society sends out a committee, who takes 
charge of the business and sells out the entire stock reasonably, but 
not at a loss; or manages and continues the business until the widow 
understands the principles of buying and selling, and then leave the 
business in her hands, with the understanding that if she is in trouble 
and needs help, all she has to do is notify the society, and a committee 
is sent to her assistance, free of charge • 

Many business people belong to different organizations and societies, 
but none gives the protection and insurance that this "White Eagle 
Society" gives# 

All Polish businessmen are asked to form new groups. All information 


- 4 - POLISH ,. 

DzlennlTc Chlcagoekl. Vol. XIX, No. 167, July 17, 1908, ' 


can be obtained from the central administration. Information can be v::^ 
received from any of the members of this committee: 

Mr* W. Perlowski, President. 

Joseph Blaszka, Vice-President. 

Pr. Lcuidmesser, Secretary. 

Albert Novakf Cashier. 

Mr. P. Kupskit Dr. Leonard, Mr. W. Sajewskl, Mr. J. Wilkowski, 

Mr. J. P* Singer - Board of Directors. 

II A 2 


» K 

Dziennik Zwiazkowy^ June 11, 1908* 


The Polish V/hite Eagle Businessmen's Association is undergoing a thorough 
reorganization. The plan, approved during the Association's last convention, 
calls for setting the organizations on more solid, financial ground in order 
to accumulate a more substantial capital. 

Details of the plan are now being considered at the meetings of all groups 
of the Polish White iiagle :-:usinessmen's Association, and will finally be 
confirmed or rejected by the Association's constitutional assembly, v/hich 
will convene July 27. 

To our loiowledge, the plan has been unanimously accepted by the members of 
Group IV, who have agreed that each member contribute ^50.00 a year to the 
central fund of the Association; the majority of Group I hovrever v/ants more 
time to consider the 'jrooosition. 

/^ O \ 

II A 2 

I D 2 b Dziennik Zv/iazkowy ^ June 4, 1908. i^ ^|.?^. i; i 



Fron all sides we hear menacing* co?iplairits aliout the steady increase of prices of 
staple articles and factor; products; a tendency which has been repeat in^ itself 
year after year. There are several outstanding causes which force market prices 
urv/ard, the first of v/hich is the steadily increasing demand on the market. The 
second lies in the raising of the workingman' s wa^^es, while the third, and most 
important factor lies in the operation of bi^z; industry. Based on large capital, 
industry creates exchanges, and establishes trusts; and, by these dictates such 
market prices as it deems attainable. 

Because of the high tariff which bars the forei^fm manufacturer from our markets, 
foreign comT^etition is not feared by our industrialists, who, in many fields control 
the markets. Rising r^rices hit, not only the consumer, but also the merchant as the 
middleman, whose income was reduced to a minimum. Rather than discourage the 
customers or indulge in controversy over the "nroDortionate raise of price, he will 
sell at the lowest T)ossible margin. High, and steadily rising rent, increased wages, 
overhead and expenses in general, add to the many burdens of the merchant; depriving 
him of a r>rofitable income. T-ie only recourse a r^erchant has in a situation of this 
kind is to establish or join trade groups; thus, merchandise is bought in larger 
quantities at a lesser x^rice, which enables the merchant to sell at a better Torofit. 

.»- A? '^ POLISH 

Dziennik Zwiazkowy . June 4, 1908. 

Forming merchant groups, will make it possible to consume the usurping impulses of 
the manufacturers, and even to "boycott the unjust middlemen. Such trading and 
mercantile groups could organize factories and other enterprises, of their own, and 
have a ready market for their own group. We believe therefore, that the merchant 
should accept this suggestion with genuine regard for the betterment of his existence, 
and for the welfare of his employees as well as that of his family. 

We hope that this suggestion will be regarded in a grave manner by the Polish Business- 
men's Association and it is for this reason that we are bringing ut) that matter to- 
day; and shall do so again and again, until we see the coveted results. 

II A 2 

III 3 4 
I D 2 b 



I D 1 b Dziennik Zwlazkoxvy Zgoda, April 9, 1908. j-^,MnK 

\" "■ •' 

Convention of the White Eagle Business Mens Assn. The White Eagle Polish Business 
Men's Association will meet at a convention in the Town of Lake Villa early in May. 
The time for the convention is almost here, and we are sure everyone is mystified 
as to why so little publicity is given, either to the members or the community. At 
a convention of this kind, it is possible to bring about reforms and new projects that 
should be carefully discussed and acted uDon, We have on numerous occasions written 
a great deal about our businessmen's organizations. 

The readers of this daily paper, therefore, know also that to the present time, none 
of these have been realized. This fact is due to a great deal of talk and no action. 
This organization at the present time is made up of four groups; the oldest, of which 
is in the Jadwigjwro community and is about five or six years old, with a membership 
of about 100. 

A program of activities is very plainly and definitely outlined in the constitution 
which varies but little from the avere^rr benevolent organization. They meet 12 times 
a year, about one-fourth of the members are usually present; they also have one banquet 
each year. 


Dziennlk ZwiazkoT?y ZtR:oda, April 


The South Chicago group has always heen the most active, but at the present time 
they are reneging. This group has ventured into the cooperative field, and bought 
a large quanity of goods. They later, established a Trholesale business which was 
a failure. At present dissensions are dominant among its members, due to a mis- 
understanding arising out of the proposed projects which were intended to be far- 
sighted, and profitable to the organization. It is now evident that a new organization, 
not related to the White Eagle Polish Businessmens Assn. is about to be formed. This 
is a sad state of affairs. 

The third group of the White Eagle Polish Business Mens Association, exists in the 
Town of Lake Villa, and has a membership of about 40. This group ar^pears to be 
dormant. This same group, however, T)roved enough initiative to sug,^est that the 
Polish Business Men use trading stamps. These were printed a a cost of $100; and were 
to be used by all m.embers; nevertheless, they are not being used, and are at present, 
deteriorating in the storeroom of one of the members. 

The newest organization is group number four of the Holy Trinity Parish community. 
This group seems to be the most active, and from all appearances holds the most 
promising future. They have a membershin of nearly 50. Among these are educated 
men-well educated men, men that understand business-organization. 

Dziennik Zwiazkowy Zgoda, April 9, 1908, 

The of ficere of this organization are recruited from twc grouris, namely, from 
Jadwigowo and from South Chicago. It may be porsible, with a new membership, 
bring about reforms that will make for greater progress. 

The constitution of the organization, as far as I could ascertain from the members, 
is not very favorably received. It is not flexible enough, and too cramping. There 
is no doubt that energetic understanding men, could do things in a big way, but not 
existing conditions; radical changes will have to be made* 

We have one more organization, not nentioned above, this one, too, seems to lie 
dormant. It is located in St. Adalbert's Community. They too, should be invited to 
the convention, and through the united efforts of all mem.bers, something can be done 
for the benefit of the Polish Businessmen's Organization. Our best wishes to them, 
for the benefit of all Poles concerned. 

II A 2 

Dziennlk Zv/lazkorn /. March PA, 1908. ,i'v*J'-'\ 



The Standard Coffin and Cnsket Mfg. Co. is a Polish comoration which was 
established five years aeo. Desr^ite its many difficulties^ the fim has 
firrown very rar>idly pjid is noTv a ver2<^ successful business institution^ of 
which we are r.roud; not only its founders and share holders, but also the 
whole Polish communit;;;' shares this sentinent. One of the great barriers 
in the develor^ment of this concern was the lack of necessary caT)ital; 
and were it not for the new individuals who cane to its rescue with 
financial aid, it would still be stru^^^lin;?: for a nere existence. 

The business has ^^rogressed so raridly that it was nece^sar;/ to buy a 
larger and nore suitable building v/hich is located at Chicago Ave. and 
Carpenter Sts. Tlus striiCture is to be converted into a first class coffin 
factor;/, and will be open for business on Hay, the first. I'r. JoseT^h 
Magdziarz is its oresident. 


II A 2 
I D 1 a 


Dziennik ChioaKOski , Vol. XIX, No. 13, Jan. 16, 1908 


The stookholders of the Polish bank, the Korth\7estern Trust and 
Savings Bank, held their yearly meeting Tuesday, January 14, at 5 P.M* 
About two thousand stoolcholders were present at this meeting. 

Mr. J. Smulski, president of this bank, explained in his speech 
the bank's prosperous position during the past year, whioh proves that 
this Polish'bank is expanding very successfully, promoting and supporting 
Polish enterprises. 

Since the annual meeting of last year the deposits of the bank have 
multiplied so many times that today the deposits simount to $lflOO,000, 
and the banks daily turnover amounts to ^1,330,000« 

This Polish bank, since the day of its establishment, July 28, 1906, 
has paid out to its shareholders two semi-annual dividends at six per 
cent, and there remains in the treasury a surplus of over 520,000. 

II A 2 


Dzlennlk ChioaKOski , Jon. 16, 1908 

This should be the best evidence that, with a continual, careful 
niaJiagement, this Polish bemk %7ill soon be one of the largest banks in 

The shareholders received this report v/ith the utmost enthusiasm 
and thanlced Ur. J» Smulski and all. the directors for their honest and 
untiring efforts in successfully handling the eiffairs of the bank. 

Upon reading the above report every Pole should be glad that at 
last the Polos have found a means of establishing such an important 
institution and v/ith their ardent, honest and experienced efforts they 
have assured not only its v^ll-being, but also its recognition and 
respect in the entire financial v/orld» 

O i 



Dziennik Zwiazkov/y , Feb, 12, 1908, ^■01', • . 


Yesterday, I visited a very interestinc Polish industry. It v;as llr* 
M» WojteciCi»s jewelry shop, which is located at 677 Milwaukee Ave# I 
take it for granted that it is the only Polish shop of its kind in ex- 
istence, Althou^:h Mr. .Vojtecki is a v/ell known jev/eler, and an excellent 
watch repairer, very few people know that those beautiful adornments and 
artistic jewels which are exhibited in his v/ondows, were loade right in 
his shop, which is in the rear of his jev/elry store. 

This shop is equipped ;vith the latest and very complicated machinery and 
tools; and a chemical laboratory. Mr. ./ojtecki employs six proficient 
artisans, vfho knov/ hov/ to manipulate these machines and delicate tools. 
In that shop there is a jewelers furnace, in which gold and silver is 
annealed and purified to a fine carat. The molten metal is poxired into 
specially constructed moulds, in wliich it hardens, then, it goes through 
the cutting, stamping, shaping and polishing process, after which it is 

II A 2 - 2 . POUSH 

Dzlennlk Zwiazk077y> Feb. 12, 1908* WPA (ai^ ^ 
formed into beautiful rings, pins, v/atch cases and other artistic objects. 

Unusually interesting is the bench, at v;hich Jev/els are enameled. The 
enamel used in Mr. '.Vojtecki»s jevjelry business, is Liiported by him, from 
France. It is made by precious stones and is very expensive. Its cost 
is six dollars an o\mce. Llr. V/ojtecki's shop is also equipped v/ith a 
special furnace which is used for enameling. Not less interesting is 
the electro-plating bench and machinery, where watch cases and other 
objects are gold plated. Mr. Wojtecki's establ is lament is a great success. 
The Poles should follov/ LIr. V/ojtecki's example. 




■ Q ^ Dziennlk ZwlazkoTiy ^ Jan. 15, 1908 • 

810-814 Milwaukee Ave. near W. Division St, This is a regular banking institution 
conducting a complete bsuiking business. In the Savings Department you can deposit 
your money and get 3'i%, quarterly. In the Mortgage Dept. you can buy a mortgage 
which pays 5^ per year. Through our Foreign Exchange you can send money to every 
part of Poland and buy a steamship ticket for a best line. 

In the Polish Bank there is a strong Safe Deposit Vault, which is fireproof and 
burglar proof* You can rent a safety box for $3.00 a year. It is the best place 
for keeping yoir valuable articles and papers* 

Officers of the Polish Bank are: Jan P. Smulski, President; Walter J. Kaymer Vice 
President, Jan A. Przybysz, 2nd Vice-Pres; T. M. Helinski Cashier; Miss P. H. 
Mikitynska Assistant Cashier* The Directors: Theodore Ostrowski, Kfaryan Durski, 
Julius P. Smietanka, Joseph Korzeniewski, Herman Molner. Assistants: Wincenty 
Jozwiakowski, August J. Kowstlski, K. Olszewski, W. Goslinkowski, I. Puekowski, Miss 
L. H* Ksdacinska, Miss Helena J. Jendrzejek, Miss Edna Rema, Miss A. Mikitynska* 




Dziennlk Zwiazkowy, Jan. 15, 1908 • 

The Polish Bank deserves full confidence and support* Money located there is safe 
and can not be lost. The officers of the Polish Bank are trying to make it the 
biggest and the best Polish instituion; it will be a T)ride of American Poles. 

Many Polish or,o:anizations have located their money in this bank and anong them 
are the Polish National Alliance, the Polish Roman Catholic Union; the Polish 
Women's Alliance and others. 

I D 1 a 

17 Dziennik Ludovry, Vol> I, uo. 112, July 27, 1907# 


The Polish bank located at Milwaukee and Haddon .ivenues is the only- 
financial institution in America that is under the control of the Poles, 
and celebrates today the first anniversary of its establisluuent* The 
entire bank is decorated vdth colorful wreathes, national flags, that 
of Poland and America, 

The bank personnel adorned the offices of the president and cashier 
ivith floral pieces. 

A heap of congratulatory notes were received from eminent Poles and 
people of other nationalities, with wishes for a most successful futiore* 

iiVe must state that this "Polish bank" has budded into one of the finest 
establishments of its kind, and may be compared with any other bank here 
in Chicago. 

II A 2 - 2 - , POLISH 

Dziennik Ludo-vry , Vol* I, i^o. 112, July 27, 1907# 

It has a capital of o^/er a million and a quarter dollars* It renders 
a great service for the Poles in Chicago, also to American Polonia* 
So then, on this great occasion, we msh the Polish bank and IJlr. J« 
Smulski, president; !• Helinski, cashier; and At Przybysz, the old 
Polish saying, "God Bless Youl" 

Let this Polish banl-: live, grov/ and bud for the good of the Polonia 
in America* 


II A 2 

POL ISH ; . • r 

Dziennilc Chicagoski ^ Vol. XVIII, \io. 154, July 1, 1907# 


The Polish bank located at 610-14 Milwaukee Avenue has paid its ovm share- 
holders the first semi-annual dividend in the sum of %Z per share. Besides 
this, there rernains yet in the cash drav/er over 4:12,000 of net profit. 
It is the best proof tnat such a bank was needed among the Poles. 

.1 >v. 



Dzlennik Ludovps Llay 6, 1907 


For a long time we have felt the absence of a Polish hotel in our city of 
Chicago. A vast niuuber of our fellowmen v/ho arrive in our great city, 
mainly those not knowing the English language, are forced to wander 
through the night about our city, which is a great inconvenience. Tov/ard 
these many discomforts tv/o prominent Poles rush to our rescue. Mr. S. 
Rokosz and .7. Jaworov;ski decided tc establish a big hotel at 732-34 
Milwaukee Avenue. The present building will be reconstructed. 'Tork upon 
this structure is already ii] progress. Llay 20th will be the grand opening. 
The structure will receive the wonderful name of *^Wawel Hotel**. The two 
above mentioned citizens hope that their fellowmen will joyfully welcome 
this great news, — the news of a new and respectable Polish enterprise, 
and above all won*t abstain from supporting it. Everyone will be serviced 
quickly, courteously and in Polish. 

II A 2 
I F 5 
I F 4 

■ 7 


Narod Pol ski , Vol.10. No. 33. Au^st lU, igOo. 

Poles in Chicago. 

The Polish bank located on Milwaukee avenue and Haddon Av. is 0T)en 
for business, and will handle all matters pertaining to the banking 
business. We are informed that John F. Smulski is the president; the 
secretary and cashier is Mr.Helinski. This bank avoids all soeculative 
transactions and therefore deserves your patronage and supuort. 

At the last Saturday's primaries the following Poles rere successful: 

J.F. Smulski 
St. H. Kunz 

State Treasurer 
Congressman of 3th District 
Congressman of 27th District 
Congressman of Uth District. 


I v^^i^ 



Dziennik Chicar.osk i> Vol. :<VII, No. 178, Auf. 4, 1906 ^^'-/- ,t, , , o^-h o,..,-,, 

Patent for a Pole 

L'Ir. Henry FaurovdcZf the owner of a bakery at the "alsh Hall, received a 
patent for his invention, the so-c.-illert "serving dish," v^hich is very practical 
besides being an elegant utensil. 

The patent number 38,140 vras given by the Patent Bureau in ' 'ashington, on 
July 31, 1906 and could be bour-^ht from the inventor. Any person v/ho possesses 
sufficient capital and v;ho v/ould care to manufacture this it.em^ could make for 
himself a little money. 

T T ; O 

X J. A ^ 


Wf A (ILL) r kUi. 30275 


larocl Pol3ki,Vol> IC, No. 22, Hay 3C^ 1906 


The sliareholders of the Ilcrth 7/estern Trust aiid Savings Bank met receatly 
to elect officers and directors. 

The result of the election ^//as as follov/s: 

Pre^ir^ent: Jan ?• Smulski 
Secretary and Cashier: Ti^elini^ki 

Directors: Korzeniev/ski, Smietanka, Ostrovrski, L!oller, 

Durskif Przybysz. 

The bank v/ill open about June 15th. 


II A 2 

Narod Pol ski. Vol. X, No. 13, March 28, 1906. 


We need Polish "banks. Our funds are present deposited in foreign banks, sometimes 
in unreliable and irresponsible ones* 

People Judge us not competent nor able to organize and establish a bank. 

The organization committee consist of Jan Srmilski, Tomasz Krolik and Theo. M. Helinski 
also many other energetic Polish businessmen. 

The bank's capital is $200,000,00 with a surplus of $25,000.00. 
The price of a share will be $112.50. 

The state auditor in Springfield has issued a certificate recognizing this organization 
under the control of the state. 

Many Polish businessmen are shareholders, and all received the news about the Polish 
State Bank with enthusiasm. 

II A 2 -3- /9 r*"^-"^ 

IV viy^'-:.] 

Narod Pol ski. Vol. X, No, 13, March 28, 1906. 



The whole building consists at the present time of three stories located on the 
comer of Milwaukee Ave, and Haddon Ave, 

It is rented for this purpose, and about May 1 alterations will be started, for the 
large new bank. 

There will be installed in the bank "Safety Deposit Vaults" fire and burglsur proof 
boxes for money and valuable papers, etc. 

The title of this cor)Doration will be "North-Western Trust & Savings Bank", 

The shares will soon be for sale and we are inviting all Poles to come and re;5ister. 

Registration for the shares is in the office of Mr, Jan Przbysz, 814 Milwaukee Ave. 
in the building where the bank will be located. 

A payment at $25.00 should be deposited on each share, the balance may be paid about 
May 1. 

Without any doubt the shares will pay good dividends, aid their value will increase. 

Let as many Poles as possible join this successful endeavor so as to show our people 

^•^^^^^ future business ajrid financial establishments. 
.Jan 1. Siaulakl,^ Tima«i->Krolik - f. M, Helinski. 


II A 2 




I D 



Dziennik Chlcagoakl . Vol. XVII, No. 67, March 24, 1906. 


We need a Polish bank» Polish funds are deposited In other various banks, often 
in uncertain or dishonorable ones. Other nationalities are portraying us as 
uncapable to establish such an entert>rlsc. They shun us and say that even though 
there are so many Poles in Chicago we can't establish a bank of our own. 

The committee which is organizing this bank, Mr. V. P. Smulski, Thomas Krolik, and 
Theo. M. Helinski, together with nany other Polish businessmen, have and are working 
energetically on this affair and so the work of organization is nearing its goal. 

The capital of this bank amounts to $200,000, with a surplus of $25,000, which 
makes the price of each share $112.50. The state auditor in Springfield has 
issued a state permit for the organization of this bank, which will be made under 
the control of the state government. Many Polish businessmen have already sub- 
scribed as stockholders and everybody welcomes the cheerful news of the opening of 
the new Polish state bank. 

The entire building, located at Milwaukee and Haddon, at present occupied by three 
stores, will be leased about the first of May and there shall be changes made in 
establishing this large and new local bank. 



II A 2 -a. 


Dziennlk Chicago ski. Vol. XVII, No. 67, March 24, 1906. f-W?) ?,: 


In conjunction with the savings bank, there trill be fire and burglar proof safety"^ " 
deposit vaults to preserve money and other valuables. 

The name of this bank corporation will be The Northwestern Trust and Savings Bank, 
a Polish bank. The number of shares will soon be sold out, so we invite the Poles 
to come as soon as possible and register for these shares before the first of April. 
You may sign up for these shares in the offices of Mr, John Przbysz, 814 Milwaukee 
Avenue, in the building where the bank will be located. 

While registering for a share you must pay a deposit of $25 per share, the balance 
of the payment will fall due the first of May. 

We are sure that the shares will bring us profit and their value will shortly rise. 

Let there be a vast number of you Poles prepared to Join us in opening a way for 
our nation to future financial enterprises* 



1 — ' 

, t » 






NAROD POLSKI Vol. VIII, No. 13, Mar. 30, 1904. POLISH 

Chicago Chronicle. 

A Polish Druggists* Association has been organized in Chicago. 
Mr. Bardonski has been elected president, Mr. Okoniewski, Secretary, and 
Mr. Sanoica, Treasurer. Of the 50 Polish druggists 4n Chicago, 24 have 
already Joined the association* 

II A 2 

POLISH Ao' *o 
Dziennik Chioagoski . Vol. XIV, No. 303, Deo. 30, 1903 (^ ^.PA. f ')] 


From one of our readers, Mr* John Jasinski, 782 N. YiTood St*, we received 
an interesting letter in which he informs us of an invention by one of our 
fellow ?oles« 

A friend of his, Mr. Anthony Bartosz, 754 Noble Street, whom he had visited 
during the holidays, showed him a patent he had received from ^^ashington, for 
inventing a brush apparatus to clean shoes from the snow, mud, etc. 

This apparatus, we believe, shall be of great help to all of our housewives 
when placed by the door. It will clean the shoes of every entering guest and 
will not soil or mar your floor. 

Y/e give our heartiest congratulations to Mr. Anthony B..rtosz*s invention 
and sincerely wish him to prosper financially, and make famous the Polish 

II A 2 :'"" 

ID 1 a 

r^'" Dzlennik Chicago ski . Vol. XIV, No. 103, May 2, 1903. ''■ ' Z! 


o / 



With the greatest pleasure we learn from the auditor of the State of Illinois 
that he gave a charter to the organization, forming a state bank here in our 
city, under the name of The Northwestern Trust and Savings Bank, which means it 
shall be an absolutely Polish Bank. The organizers are Mr* John P. Smulski, 
John F. Przbysz and many other of our eminent Polish business men, whose names 
at the present we do not announce. The adminstration of this bank will be Polish 
and naturally quite a number of Poles will hold positions of officials in this 

With great hapioiness we hail this new Polish enterorise and from the bottom of 
our hearts we wish it success. 

' , 

II A 2 POLiSi 

Dziennik Chlcagoskl . Vol. XIV, No. 98, April 27, 1903. 

WPA (!IL.) PROJ 30;:/5 


We offer an iraportant notice to the Polish fp:ocers, that Satiirday the 
2nd of May we shall open a large commission house at 181 U, Randolph St., 
between Halsted and Union St. Tie shall carry an inexhaustible stock on 
hand for your business. We shall try, to treat every one of our customers 
the best we can. Support the Polish enterprises. 

II A 2 


;oda, Vol. XXII, No. 14, Apr. 2, 1905# . ^. ,: 


To the honorable Polish Undertakers and the Public in General: 

Vfe are infonaed through the Polish papers that the Polish people in America 
do so little to establish factories, but the Poles V7ith all their strength 
should endeavor to accomplish this. Therefore, the undersigned o?/ners, 
after a long consideration, decided to open a factory under the name of 
Standard Coffins and Casket Conpany. Suc2i factory requires a great deal 
of care and material outlay for vThich we are prepared, b\it v/hat v?e need 
most is the general support, and therefore we call on you now, bretheren, 
and infona you that we have succeeded, and that a Polish factory of caskets 
is in existence on 110 Augusta St., where we already have a great selection 
of ready caskets in our v/arehouse for the customers who v/ill have the op- 
portunity to bury their relatives or friends in the caskets made by Poles. 
Our workmanship has been examined by certain undertakers and it was de- 
clared good; and those undertakers who have not yet visited us are invited 


II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

Zgoda, Vol, Xni, No. K, Apr. 2, 1903. V^I^A ("? ^ '^^ 

to cone and for those v;ho live outside of Chicago and in other cities 
of the United States of America, v;e, in the meantime, will devise a 
few of the new patterns, and at the saiae tiiae, the prices. We appeal 
to you to support the Polish factory of caskets, v/hich v;ill serve you just 
as good as the German or the Jewish ones. 

The owners of the company and the v/orkers: 

Mikolaj Kordel 
Bronislaw Roclav/siii 
Antonio Ostrowski 
Stanislaw Ambrozev;ski 


III li 



Narod Pol ski . Vol. Vi, No. 20, May 1*, 1902 


11 - r 



The firm of Mr. Smulski and Companyi booksellers and printers, en- 
larged its business considerably* The present print shop was enlarged by 
addition to it of a big new building where more presses v;ill be installed 
which will necessitate hiring of quite a large number of new workers. The 
machines vrill be run by electricity instead of by gas at the present 

As a result of this enlargement of the plant the partner of the 
firm Mr* Szopinski is making a business trip to the "old country " in 
order to enter into commercial relations with the book publishers in 
all three part of the dismembered Poland. 

We wish this well-merited firm luck and success. 


A O 

J> ^^ 

NAROD POLSKI , Vol* IV No. 39. Sept. 26, 19C0. POLISH^ 


Our Polish saloonkeepers intend to establish a Polish Brewery, under the 
name "White Eagle Brewing CompfiLny," 


HJl^ polish 

Narod Pol ski > Vol* IV, No* 11, March 14, 1900* WFn (ILL) faOJ. 3077^ 


At last there Is going to be a brewery whose owners will be Poles* The 
brewery Is incorporated as "The White Eagle Brewing Company." 

The founders and managers of the enterprise are known Polish business- 
men of the neighborhood where the brewery is going to be located* 

II A 2 

II A 1 


I A 1 a 


I D 1 b 


; -< ^-^ 

Narod Polski . Vol, II, No. 32, Aug. 10, 1898 ><,' V' 



There are tv/o contradictory answers to the above question. Conse- 
quently, yes and no. So far, our existence in the United States proves 
to us conclusively that if we carry on further in the same manner as 
in the past we might Just as v/ell draw a line throuf^.h our entire future 
and continue to live as pariahs pushed about and ridiculed at almost 
every step. It is almost more than tv/enty-five years since Polish emigration 
started to flow into this country in marked numbers, caused mostly by a 
vision of a better existence. liany have bettered themselves financially; 
our monetary earnings have been great during this length of time, but did 
we derive any benefit from our material position? Did we benefit by the 
political freedom that has been ours in this country? Have we done anything 
for our Fatherland? Have vre bettered ourselves morally and intellectually? 
That is another question. 

During the time that other nationalities have benefited in those 
''rections, we have wasted our time and money on quarrels and squables, 

POLISH (2).^ 

Narod Pol ski , Aug, 10, 1898 

adventures and souffles, and have diverted our attention from everything 
which betters the human race and increases its strength* Instead, we have 
gained the questionable fame of adventurers, unruly people, disrespectful 
of lav/ and order, and, to be emphatic, a nonsensical and ignorant people • 

Neither in the field of Icnowledge nor in the field of trade and 
industry; neither* in the field of fine arts nor in the field of American 
politics so easily available to all nationalities, did we bring to our- 
selves emy recognition, but ever\nYhere v/e have been preceded and forced 
out by others, and we can say openly that our entire Polish emigration, 
with very few exceptions, has found itself trailing and has been left in 
the pitiful position of a working mule. 

All other people who have emigrated to this free country have been 
able tD monopolize for themselves some part in industry, ajid we are, un- 
fortunately, alv/ays at the bottom; always on the side lines as if some 
ancient curse has v/eip-hted itself on our DOor race. 



Narod Polskl t Aug. 10, 1898 {^. .^^^ ^-f 

Even the Italian lazzarones and brigands from the Calabrian moun- 
tains have been suooessful in monopolizing the fruit industry and bring- 
ing the maoaroni trade to the J\nerioan market; even the Chinese has 
taken over exclusively the management of laundries in the United States, 
not mentioning the already immense enterprises of the Germans and English- 
men, only we have nothing, and the whole amount of our p^rt in commeroo 
is the saloon or grocery. 

I know that we have a fevr Polish factories, a few brev/eries; but the 
number of such enterprises is so small in proportion to our two million 
population that one can hardly take them into consideration when we refer 
to the development of our race. 

So ViTe can see as plain as the palm of our hand, that in view of the 
brilliant example set before us in this country, we have not been in- 
fluenced one bit in the part v/e have taken in commercial enterprise; we 
remain continually in our sluggishness, apathy and thoughtlessness and 
if v/e continue to remain in the present state, the morrow of a brighter 

POLISH (4)„._^ 


7;H ^'"^ 

Narod Polski , Aug. 10, 1898 i'' o/ 


future will never greet us» Thent what shall we do in order to go forward 
and not backward; in order to rise, instead of falling? TThat shall we do? 
Only v/ork.».. work and not bellow; work and not argue; work and not dream 
of castles in the air; v^ork and not rely on the mercy of our Lord. 

It is our duty in the first place to think about schools in which 
our children can acquire a higher education! and in colonies where Polish- 
American schools can be maintained and conducted; everyone should try to 
see that their children can educate themselves further in existing American 

It is further your duty to support Polish newspapers, naturally those 
which are well represented by intelligent and capable persons. In this way 
we will acquire good taste in our reading and the shady and repulsive press, 
poisoning our soul and mind, vrill accomplish its own downfall. 

We must establish not only a private type of enterprise with capital 
to small to meet foreign competition but \rith combined efforts, join our- 




WPA OLL' ^i^C; oO..^ 
Narod Pol skit Aug. 10, 1898 

selves mutually f bring forth our idle capital, develop our Polish fac- 
tories, develop our Polish trade, and finally \re must intend to support 
our Polish merchants arri Polish corporations, fasten our ties of Polish 
trade relations with the old country, to import products from there and 
distribute them throughout America. By doing this we will endear ourselves 
a thousand-fold more to our Fatherland, improving her trade and good-vdll; 
so that v/e can shout from morning till night, until v/e are hoarse, "Poland 
is not yet dead.** 

It is onlv Droner to think about establishinr; a Polish banlc that will 
take care of our Polish capital, v/iiich is not bearing any interest but 
is uselessly hidden in some '*pot" or cached in some "mine." 

There is a great field for action in this country, complete liberty, 
no bound uries, taxes are small; only work, preparedness and enterprise 
is all that is necessary, and when v/e get rid of our ancient indifference; 
v/hen knowledge ennobles our souls, v/hen our v/elfare v/ill improve as a 


Narod Polskl, Aug* 10, 1898 

result of business and industry, vfhen our educated children acquire civil 
offices and influential positions richtfully ours, considering our number, 
then even the American people v/ill cease pointing at us and looking askance, 
and they will have to admit, "These Poles are a desirable nation and a 
benefit to this countrj''." Then v;e vrill be able to ans^ver the question 
placed at the head of this article, "Yes." 

II A 2 

Dziennik Chicagoskl , Nov. 26, 1397. 


Joseph Dudzik has opened a coal and feed store at 676 Noble Street, near 
Saint Stanislaus Kostka Parish. \7e wish him success. 



II A 2 


Dziennik Chicagoskl. Nov. 24, 1897. 


Joseph Nizal has opened a Polish bakery at 304 Cornell Street, where quality 
goods are available at moderate prices. TSie best bread is sold at three 
cents a pound. 

We wish our compatriot many customers and success in his business venture. 





II A 2 

Dzleimlk Chicagoskl . Nov. 15, 1897. 



The Chicago Wholesale Grocery Company, a well-known Polish firm at 175 West 

Randolph Street, announced last Saturday that it was forced to go out of busi- ^ 

ness. Ilie cause of failure was given as poor business and lack of funds to r* 

pay creditors^ Great doubt is expressed as to whether all bills will be met* -o 

The assets are placed at |13,000 and the liabilities at $21,500. Last Friday, ^ 

the sheriff closed the doors of this firm at the request of a number of credi- ^^ 

tors* Its president was A* X. Centela, and its treasurer Albert vVachowski. § 



Dzlennik Chlcagoski. Nov. 11, 1897. 


On Saturday, Novanber 13, V/itold Obecny is going to open a first-class saloon 
in his new home, 1027 North Hoyne Avenue. Everybody is welcome to attend the 
grand opening. 


*^ ^ 


II A 2 (Lithuanian) 

Dziennik Chicagoski . Oct. 30, 1897* 


We wish to inform the clergy and societies that we have opened a Polish- % 

Lithuanian workshop of gold and artistic embroidery^ Such fancy goods as ^ 

pontificals, capes, canopies, flags, banners, badges, etc. are our specialty. ^ 
Everything made according to style and design. 

T. Andruszewicz and L» Bradel,^ 
115 Y/est Division Street* ^ 


II A 2 T0L13E 

Dziennik Chlcagoslcl > Oct* 25, 1897. 


Robert Kuszynski has opened a saloon at 10-12 Hamburg Street and invites the ^ 
Poles to patronize it. A large hall suitable for all occasions is for rent. ^ 




Dzlennlk Chicagoskl ^ Oct. 23, 1897. 


A# Klimek has opened a stove and fuimiture store at 631 Noble Street. We 
eactend him hearty congratulations and v;ish him success* 





II A 2 

Dzlennlk Chieagoski . Oct. 22, 1897. 


A new butcher shop has been opened by our compatriot John Biedermann at 
. 114 5*rankfort Street, corner of Leavitt Street • 


II A 2 P0LI3H 


Dziennik Chicagoalcl , Oct* 12, 1897. 


S. Lisewski and J. Trojanowski have opened a hardware store which will cater ^ 
to the building trade* This news makes us happy, especially because the F 
business is established in a purely Polish community* Their place of business 

is on Noble Street near Milwaukee Avenue, and only Polish workers are employed* 

" — / 





Dzlennlk Chlcagoskl , Sept* 22, 1897 ♦ 



Stockholders of the Bonanza Cripple Creek Gold Mining Company held their * 
annual meeting on September 21 at the Great Northern Hotel* Ralph Modrzejewski 
(Modjeskl) was chairman and N* L* Piotrowski, secretary* ^ 

The retiring directors submitted a report showing the condition of the company, c: 
their accomplishments, and the difficulties ahead. Suggestions for more '^ 
practical means of operation were also given* g 

Seven new directors were elected, namelyrS* F* Adalia Satalecki, Mrs* Lubienska, ^ 
S* T* Piotrowski, T* Stan, R* Modjeski, S* Janocha, and N* L* Piotrowski. The DJ, 
first four were on the former board while the others are new* 

II A 2 « 2 - POLISH 


Dzlennlk Chicagoskl s Sept* 22, 1897 • 

It is anticipated that the company will be able to show better results now 
that it has new blood on the board of directors* The new board has pledged 
to exert every effort to protect the stockholders* 


II A 2 



Dzleimik ChlcagDskl > Sept. 7, 1897 • 


The French Consul put Brother Casimir Zeglen's bullet-proof vest under a 
personal test yesterday and was dunfounded by the results* He used his oim 

revolver, which was loaded with cartridges using dynamite. Ten shots were i 

fired at the vest, and in each instance the bullets ricocheted, leaving the p. 

vest intact* The Consul asked Brother Zeglen for newspaper clippings ^, 

relative to the various tests held on this invention and promised to submit :g 

a favorable report to his government* 3 

In the meantime Brother Zeglen is to leave for New York City at the request h;> 
of an official of the Japanese government* On September 15 tests are to be ^^ 
held in the presence of the Secretary of War, the Secretary of the Navy, 
members of the New York State Militia, the Chief of Police, and ambassadors 
from other countries* 


II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

Dzlennik Chlcagpskl , Sept, 7, 1897. 

• /' ■ • ^ p. . .'■ . 

Brother Zeglen also received an invitation by letter from London and Berlin 

to come to these cities and demonstrate the value of his invention* 


After his return from New Yoik, Brother Zeglen will gp to England, and 
whether or not he will go to Berlin from there is not definitely known* 

V «^ 


Dziennik Chicagosk i^ Sept* 5, 1896# 


Mr. H. Zaremba has opened up a new Polish drugstore at 8807 Conimercial 
Avenue, in South Chicago* 




II A 2 
II B 2 b 

Z£oda, Vol. XVI. >Io. 28, July IJ, lc97. 

^ PCLISii 


Cur popular Polish artist, better known to us as the " of all Polish photo- 
graphers". Mr. John V/. Idzikov/ski, opened a photography school at 1^33 Milwaukee 
Avenue, here in Chicago. 

Mr. Idzikowski's aim is that the Poles, who care for a career in this branch of art. 
Can assure oheir.seives of bein[, well-tutored here for their futare, when they seek 
better positions in the art of photography. 

At present "^h-^re are three Polish photographers, while in other nationalities we 
find hundreds, as for instance we have 445 German photograp/ier;^, 3^5 Italians, 
210 French, and I50 Irish. 

V/e wish Mr. Idzikowski the best of luck and siaccess and support his aspiration — 
working for the benefit of the Poles, that bein£: his aim. 






Dzlennlk Chic ago ski , July 12, 1897 • 



Brother Caslmlr Zeglen, Inventor of a bullet-proof material, volunteered as 
a target to demonstrate the efficacy of his Invention* The test took place 
Saturday, July 10, at 5 P«M«, on the roof of a building at 685 Ogden Avenue« 

In order that the tests might be of educational and authentic value, the 
staff of the Chicago College of Dental Surgery was Invited to act as judge* 
This body of men^ who had previously witnessed the tests on a corpse and on 
a live dog, did not wish to take the responsibility of the present tests 
for fear of a serious accident* 

However, Dr« L. C* Borland, one of the professors of the above-mentioned 
Institution, was not only Interested in this discovery but also considered 
it as one of the most humanitarian Inventions of the nineteenth century* 

Because of his enthusiasm, he arranged to have the tests on the roof of 

II A 2 « 2 - POLISH 


Dzlennllc Chlcagoalclt July 12, 1897 ♦ 

his own home and invited a group of outstanding professors, doctors, and 
reporters to witness the demonstration* 

In order to safeguard the tests as much as possible from any danger, a wall 

of heavy boards was erected and covered with tin* An opening of fourteen 

by twenty inches was out out* Behind this opening was exposed the chest of 
Brother Zeglen protected by his bullet-proof vest* 

Before the tests began, Dr* Borland arranged for a pnotographer to be on 
hand, who took pictures of the entire group* Next, the doctor requested 
that Brother Zeglen save him the first bullet, not only as a souvenir but 
as a reward for his efforts* After this, the inventor put on the vest and 
placed himself behind the opening of the screen after shd}cing hands with 
all the guests* 

Lieutenant Samecki, of the Austrian army, loaded a thirty«»two caliber 
revolver, took his position ten paces (seven meters) from the target-*and 

II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 


Dzlennlk Chicago ski > July 12, 1B97. 

fired* The bullet was repelled and everyone ran toward the inventor, who 
was not only smiling but overjoyed because the only feeling he experienced 
was that of being prodded with a stick* 

Other tests were also tried* Lieutenant Sarnecki fired again from the first 
revolver and then took a thirty-eight ceiliber gun and fired* The firing 
was also done at ten paces* 

In each instance the results were the same* A part of the outer cover was 
penetrated but not that of the bullet-proof material* Brother Zeglen felt 
each impact but did not experience any serious pain* 

At this point of the demonstration, Dr. ?• H* Westershulte announced that he 
was willing to have the next test tried on him* A protest was made on the 
grounds that he was not properly dressed, that is, his undershirt was too 
thin, while Brother Zeglen wore heavier underwear* But Dr* Westershulte 
insisted on having his way and instructed that the test continue with him 

II A 2 - 4 - POLISH 


Itelennlk Chicagoskl, JXily 12, 1897# 

as the target # 

The Austrian officer fired from a thirty-two oaliber reyolver at ten paces, 
and the results iiere the same« The doctor stated that he did not experience 
any other pain except that of being prodded on the chest with a stick. He 
exposed his chest for examination and no mark was found* 

In conclusion, Brother Zeglen gaye orders to have a bullet from a forty-four 
oaliber pistol to be fired while he was behind the target with the vest* 
The inqpact was much greater, but the human target said that he could stand 
six or ten such shots before he would lose consciousness* 

Lieutenant Samecki took the vest alone, hung it on a board and fired a 
volley of shots from a forty-five caliber gun» The bullets were repelled 
like beans from a wall without penetrating the material* Impressions were 
made on the vest which made it look like a sieve* 

II A 2 - 5 - POLISH 


Dzlemxlk Chioagoskl , JUly 12, 1897# 

The ixnrentor was congratulated, and idien all returned to Dr« Borland's 
office, the doctors examined Brother Zeglen*s chest and after a careful 
diagnosis stated that there was not one piece of eyidenoe indicating that he 
had been fired at from a gun« A statement was prepared to the effect, signed 
and notarized* 

The following signed the report: 

Dr« L* Copeland, Professor of Anatomy, Chicago College of Dental Surgery; 
William S* White, M«D», Professor of Dermatology and Demonstrator of Anatomy 
at the Chicago Homeopathic College; A* L« Clark, from the New York Journal ; 
Joseph H« Finn, from the Chicago Chronicle ; Kenneth Brown, from the 
Chicago Interocean ; N» A* Maeterland, H«D« ; P« T« Bums, U*D«, Assistant 
Dononstrator of Anatomy, Chicago Medical College; Joseph Prendergast M«D«, 
Lecturer and Demonstrator of Histology, Chicago College of Dental Surgery; 
Q. Alonzo McDowell, M#D», Assistant Demonstrator of Anatc^ny, Chicago College 
of Dental Surgery; William Boyd, Sergeant of Police; P* A. Schaedler, A«M«; 

II A 2 - 6 - F0LI3S 


Dziennlk Chicagoskl. July 12, 1897 • 

Stanislaus Szwajkart; L. C. Borland, M. D., Professor of Practical itoatomy, 
Chicago College of Dental Surgery, Lecturer on Surgery, Post-Graduate Medical 
college of Surgery; Dr. F. H. Westershulte, Demonstrator of Anatomy, Chicago 
College of Dental Surgery; and T. P» Chrzanoivski • 


Dziennlk Chicago ski > July 8, 1897 • 


Brother Casimir Zeglen received yesterday an English patent for his biaiet- p 
proof Yest# The document carries the number 5,536» Congratulations^ :^ 


4 II A 2 


Dziennik Chicagoskis July 3, 1897 • 


Brother Zeglen*s bullet-proof material was tested last night before a body of 

professors, officials of the Humane Society, the chief of police, and some 
newspapermen at the Chicago College of Dental Surgery* 

This test had an educational character and was conducted by Dr» L. Borland* 

A cadaver was employed for the experiment* It was set up against a wall of 

boards, and only the part that was covered with the bullet-proof material 

was exposed, that is, the breast* Stanislaus Sarnecki fired six shots at the § 

target ♦ 

The first two shots were fired from a *38— caliber gun at twenty-four feet, 

and the bullets were found imbedded behind the top covering oi the material 
which was used to conceal the workmanship of the secret material* Two shots 
were also fired from the same gun at sixteen and eight feet* Dr* Borland 



II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

Dzlennik Chicagoski, July 5, 1897 • 

easily reraovQd the imbedded bullets with his fingers* No mark of any kind 
was found on the body as a result of the firing* 

The bullet fired from the •38— caliber revolver, made of pressed lead and 
charged with an extra dose of smokeless powder, made a deep impression in the 
material; however, no marks were founa on the body when it was carefully in- 

A •44«-caliber revolver was also used* A bullet was fired froia it at eight 
feet* Even this charge was not strong enough to penetrate the material, al- 
though the pressure broke one rib, according to a surgeon* s diagnosis* 

These tests have demonstrated that the material affords perfect protection, 
for the heaviest bullets did not penetrate it or leave a bruise, nor will a 
blood clot form where the bullet strikes* 

Shots were also fired at a live dog which was covered with the same goods* 



II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 

Dzlennik Chicagoskl , July 3, 1897 • 

A revolver used by the Chicago police force was used» Two shots were fired 
at five feeto At first the aog was covered with saddle-cloth and then with 
the bullet-proof material. A shot was fired while the dog was sitting* 

After the gun was discharged, the only reaction on the part of the dog was that 3> 

of surprise; there was no indication that the animal had suffered any pain* p 

The next shot was fired at the dog without the undercovering* This time he C 

let out a yelp, as if a bee had landed on his nose, but soon afterwards he be«- ^ 

gan to wag his tail* The onlookers were convinced that both shots liad proved £ 

harmless* No bones were broken, nor was the dog*s skin bruised* oo 


After the tests Dr* Borland and the professors of the Chicago College of Dental 
Surgery congratulated Brotner Casirair Zeglen on ais invention, which is of 
great significance* There is no doubt that the future tests on a live person 
will prove successful* 

This test is to take place next week* There will be no lack of volunteers 
for the test if Mr* Samecki is to do the shooting* 


II A 2 


Dzlennlk Chica^oskl , May 26, 1897 • 

Brother Cisimir Zeglen^s bulletproof material underwent rigorous tests last -r::. 
night at Folz's Hall, Larrabee and North Avenue, before a group of City officials, F 
bankers and reporters. The purpose of the tests was to create a wider circle ^ 
of the interested public in order that they could see for themselves the ad- p 
vantages of this invention. ~ 


Over two hundred persons gathered to see the tests, many were close friends of ^ 
the inventor. The demonstration was conducted by S« Samecki, lieutenant in 
the Austrian army. 

Bulletproof vests of various thicknesses were shown to the spectators. Each 
type used depended upon the caliber of the gun. The protective material of the 
vest measured from twelve to eighteen inches and the thickness did not measure 
more than half an inch. The thickest vest did not weigh more than three fourths 
of a pound. 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chlcagoski > May 26, 1897 • 

The tests proved highly successful* Thirty-eight and forty-four caliber re- ^ 

volvers were used, with varying charges. The owner of a German type revolver .-^ 

used by the cavalry was in the audience, ^is revolver was also used in the p 

demons trationj./ A series of fifty shots were fired. The bullets were stopped ^ 

by the bulletproof material and dropped flattened to the floor. Some of them g 
penetrated the covering, which was used to hide the secret material, and re- 
mained inside the covering. 

An amateur marksman was also on the scene with his own pistol. He was permitted 
by Mr, Samecki to test his skill. He fired six shots but each missed the 

Several Austrian, Prussian, and American officers were also on the scene. All 
were convinced of the usefulness of Brother Zeglen*s invention, for all doubts 
were dispelled under the severe tests. The inventor was congratulated upon his 
remarkable discovery. Although Brother Zeglen has twelve different types 



II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 

Dzleimik Chicagoski . May 26, 1897. ^ 

completed, he is working on one that will be as effective against the latest ^ 
type of rifle. ^ 


II A 2 


Dziennilc Chicaii^oski , Apr. 16, 1897. 


( Editorial ) 

Further tests of Brother CaGimir Zeglen's bulletproof vest were started the 

day before yesterday, at a v/ooded site on Lake L'lichigan, near i5vanston« This $ 

vest is being tested for its merits under a succession of rifle salvos. The ^ 

value of Brother Zeglerx*s invention v^s recognized by Stanislaus Korv/in Sarnecki, F 

lieutenant of the seventh regiment of Austrian Uhlans at Lwow, who has been ^ 

visiting Chicar^o on a furlough and is very interested in this unusual vest. 5 


Mr. Sarnecki possesses a rifle that is by no means inferior to the German or ^ 
Austrian army rifles. He placed the bulletproof material on a board, one inch ^ 
thick. This board 'vvas to be used as a target. The material, one inch thick 
and one foot square, was attached firmly to the board. In order that the 
construction of the bulletproof material would not be revealed it was covered 
v;ith white silk. 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chicagoski ^ Apr. 16, 1897. 

The marksinan took his TDOsition one hundred and fifty yards from the target and 
began firing, i^ach rifle bullet stuck in the material and did not penetrate 
the wood, and only slicht indentions were noticed. Revolver bullets bounced 
off the target like beans off a wall. Several police officers were present to 
view this unusual demonstration. Iklr. Sarnecki is convinced that at one thousand 
yards, at which range bullets from the improved rifles have caused fatal wounds, 
the bullets would be repelled by the bulletproof material, as tll^y were today 
when the largest caliber revolver was used. The lieutenant of the Austrian 
Uhlans is going to test the material draped over dead horses and the final test 
will be on live horses. 

There* is no doubt there are still imperfections in Brother Zeglen*s bullet- 
proof material. The reasons for this are obvious. It is T.ade by hand and not 
by machine. If the material was of unifoiTn thickness its durability would be 
greatly increased. LIr. Sarnecki is of the opinion that the Austrian Government 
mil undoubtedly take over Brother Zegler*s invention. 


II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 

Dzieiinik Chicagoski> Apr> 16, 1897. J^ft- v ..; '(?(:. ':, 

Results of the tests v;ere publicized in the American and German press and as 
much space .vas devoted to Lir. Sarnecki as to Brother Zeglen. Many of the 
•statements made were contrary to the facts. The invention is the personal 
property of Brother Casinir Zeglen. Llr. Sarnecki is only acting in the 
capacity of expert and instructor, and he eagerly desires to see this inven- 
tion perfected to such an extent that it may be used on a lar^e scale for 
practical purposes. He would also like to see our compatriot ,^et a profitable 
return for his efforts. 

II A 2 


Dziennlk Chicagoski , [ar. 4, 1G37, 

Brother Gasir.iir Zeglen, of St. Kostka Parish, last Jons applied 
to the United States Patent Cffice Tor a patent on a bullet-proof vest he 
had invent ed. 



The inventor received tv/o patents, one for a light;v3ight bullet-proof vest oo 

(pistol), v;ei3hing less than a pound, the otrier for a hoav^z/eight bullet- C::^ 

proof vest (rifle). 'Hhe patant nuiacers are 577,999 and 573,000. 

V/e v.ish our cojnpatriot success in riarl-ieting this invention, since v;e laiow 
the ^reat value of a vest of this sort, r'rom the de-r.onstrations we have 
seen, v/e can safely sa:' that the oullets rebound from the vest like beans 
froi.i a wall, leaving no trace on the vest. 



Dziennik Chlcagoskl , Jan* 13, 1897. 



At the annual meeting and election of directors of the i^ilv/aukee Avenue State '^ 
Bank, the follovring were elected to the board: John P* Hanson, William Johnson, r^ 
Peter £iolbassa, M« A* LaBuy, Issac Hansam, James P* Sherlock, John F* Siaulski, -o 
and Soren D» Thorsen# Bie officers elected for ti^e ensuing year were: Paul 0. o 

Stenslandf president; F* H« Herhold, vice president; Charles E. Schlytem, o^ 
cashier; and H» W* Hering, assistant cashier* ^ 



IV Dziennik Chicasoski , Jan. 9, 1897. 



Andrev; Schultz and John F. Smuiski, v;ho recently returned from California, 
have informed us that the v/ell-known Dr. Casiniir L'idov/ics of Chicago is on 
the road to becoming a millionaire, 'iliey assert that he said he vail be 
richer than all the Poles of our city. 

Dr. luidowicz is the inventor of a device which may revolutionize the build- 
ing of ocean liners. According to the principles of the discovery, the waves 
of the ocean are to act as the motor. Vfe do not laiov; the complete details, 
but according to all available information Dr. IIidov;icz's device is to use ^ 
the force of the v;aves to generate electrical current v/ith v;hich to propel ships. 

Tests of models have given satisfactory'- results and at the present time a large 
ship, built at the expense of a large shipping concern is nearing completion , 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

II '. 1 

IV Dziennik Chicagosk l, Jan. 9, 1897. 

and rigorous tests are to be undergone on the ocean* If they prove success- ^ 
ful — all indications are that they will—the inventor will realize millions zp 
of dollars from this discovery. ^ 

At the present time Dr. llidowicz is residing at Los ^^geles, California. He 
is supervising the work on the large model ship eighteen miles from Los Angeles. 

IVe sincerely wish Dr. C. Midov/icz all the success in the world in his venture^ 


- -I 

TI A 2 


II^JI^lil2\§.*li» ^^^* 8, 1897 

Citicen Fronliolz, 73 Pal^'ietto ot., Brooklyn, rr. Y. , er.^^loved as electrician 
in the ^^'f.^vy Y-rd," iavonted a ne-v electric motor. .Iriericarx ^leviST^apers pre- 
dict ii revolution in -^lectr ;.cit7 is it h;nd, 

T^A'O of the li.r.-root n-;inuf:icturers in '>j\erica, nur-elv VeGtin.^liouse Electric Co 
rjnd C*-^^tr-al '"lectric Co., have ent'^r^:: bids for is co .tr^ct. If Pronholz 
can capitalize upon his invention h^ -ill aeoore ;. nillionare. 

II A 3 

Dzlennik Chicagoski , June 25, 1896* 



W. Boberski, secretary* 

On June 21 a new society, called the Polish Businessmen's Society Number One, 

was organized in Bridgeport* All those wishing to join it may come to the ^ 

next meeting on Sunday, June 28, at seven o'clock in the evening, at Mr* Leon r; 

Czeslawski's hall, corner of 32nd and Laurel Streets. ^ 


Dzlennlk Chlca^oski . June 18, 1896* 


John K* Szuminski , a Pole, has opened a dry goods store at 604 Noble Street, 




Dziennik Chicagoski> June 15, 1896* 


The Union of Polish Saloonkeepers on the Northwest Side of Chicago, at their 
meeting held on June 12, decided that beginning to-day, they would inaugurate ^ 
a novelty in selling beer, namely, that instead of selling it by liquid measure, p 
in pints, they would sell a quart of beer, or two pounds, for five cents. C 

More than a hundred saloonkeepers in our community already belong to this Union, 
and it is a branch of the State Protective Association, which numbers over 6,000 





This new system of selling beer was decided on because the saloonkeepers were 
losing fifty cents on a barrel in selling it by liquid measure, by the pint, which 
was only guessed at. 

So we shall drink our beer by the pound. 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennlk Chicagoski , June 15, 1896. 

Any member of the Union of Polish Saloonkeepers found selling beer by the pint 
will be fined the sum of five dollars. 





II A 2 


Dzlennik Chleagoskl. Juno 13, 1896. 



The Polish Pulaski Mut\ial Fire Instirance Company in Chicago has adTanced 
another step« 

Formerly eveiry person insured therein was obliged to sign a premium vote for 
the puri>ose of guaranteeing against loss. 

At present this is no longer necessary^ and if you are insured in the Pulaski 
Company, you need not give any vote« 

This is a very important matter, and all businessmen should take notice of it* 

This company has received the same rights and privileges which are enjoyed by 
all the greatest insurance costpanies* 




II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

Dzlennlk: Chlcagoski , June 13, 189 6 • 

We sincerely congratulate the officers of the Fulaski Mutual Fire Insurance 
Company on the success which has crowned their efforts, and we heartily urge 
all Poles to insure in this Polish wompany* Ne should support our own! 


II A 2 


Dziennik Chicagosici , June 11, 1896 • 


The annual meeting of the stockholders of the Polish gold mine known as the 5 

Bonanza Cripple Creek Grold Mining Company, which took place on Tuesday .-^ 

evening in the Sherman House, was characterized by lively discussions^ Some p 

of the stockholders demanded additional reports and specific lists of ex- ^ 

penditures from the retiring board of directors* The discussion lasted 

until midnight. Those taking part in them, besides the directors, were ^ 

Mr* T« Stan, Mr. Janocha, Attorney Palt, and Mr» Czamecki. S 

As a result of the length of the meeting, it was impossible to elect a new 
board of directors. For this purpose and to satisfy the just demands of the 
stockholders, the meeting was adjourned to Tuesday, June 16, at seven o'clock 
in the evening, in the Sherman House. 



Dziennik Chica^^oski , liay 20, 1896# 

John '//• Idzikov/ski, well-known artist-photographer, opened his Polish photo 
studio last Sunday, at 433 Milwaukee Avenue, between Chicago Avenue and 
Carpenter Street. 







IV _^ 

Dzieiinik Chicar,os>:i, Apr. uO, 1SS6. ,- v" x^ 

' f^'i, '<^. 

PCLisn uATIoillL :j.LiLi)ii:a .-j:d lc;^;; AsacAiTioi: .iiETiira \^ WPA ';' 

■■- . - , 'i ■• 

Tne annual neetin^: oT the Polish i:ational Juildii^.j and Loan Association took" " 
place yesterday at Lr. ^Jliorias i;alepinsl:i»s hall, o45 Aoble Street* according 
to the secretary's report, shares of the first serioc issued eirht years a^o 
have a value of .^VC.oO, as against a total pa^aient of .;5;:..l:3 riade on each 
share. In these eirht years the Association ii.ade a net profit of over ^^4,000, 
of v/hich suir., r.:cre than a quarter, that is, over ^6,000, v;as earned last year* 

As the terns of office of sojv.e of the directors are e:^^r)irinc, nev; elections './ere 
lield at this iieetinc. Tlie officers for the cominy year v/ill be A. Osuch, presi- 
dent; John Ada:-o::s::i , vice-president; Stanislaus ^^zv/ajkart, secretary; Irnatius 
Kov;alshi, assistant secretary; 7no..ias ..alepinshi, treasurer; John :.cron}:it;V/icz, 
Gustav Litev7S.:i, -'. Ronanci/shi, ana Jtcphen uorocki, directors. Lr. John F. 
S:iuls-:i is notary '"^ublic for th: Associationr 

II A 2 


Dziennik Chicagoski > Apr* 25, 1896. 


Mr» L« X» Lugowski has opened a real-estate office in Avondale, at the comer .^ 
of Central Park Avenue and Milwaukee Avenue, opposite the Hyacinth Church. p 

^' ■> 

(■ "; 

II A 2 


Dzlennlk Chlcagoskl^ Apr. 22, 1896. 


The Pulaski Hall Building Society has printed and distributed its financial 
report for the year 1895* Total income amounted to $9,276.16# Repairs 
$276»25« Interest pajrment was $2y982«59, and repaid on loan $49l09*50# 
Cash balance in the hands of the treasurer is $458«78 (sic)« All together , 
$12^767»80 has been repaid on the loan, leaving a balance still due of 





I D 2 a (2) 

Dziennik GiiiQagoski , Liar. 20, 1896. 

inU POLISH P/JIK'jKo* ui^iion 

( //e have received the follov/in^ correspondence with a request that it ^^e 
published in the Dziennik Cliicagosiii •) 



Our nev;ly organized Polish Painters' Union is growing stronger right along. 
On March 3 of this year, vve received our charter from Springfield, Illinois, 
and L'iiniediately thereafter we elected a permanent set of officers. They S 
are as follows: Casinir Brukivicki, president; Stanislaus Janko^?ski, vice- 
president; A. G. V/eight, recording secretar3'-; Stanislaus Uznanski, financial 
secretary; K. ^iarwig, treasurer. 

The regular meetings of the union will be held in Liszte^vnik's Hall, at 
589 Dickson 3treet. 

./e cordially invite our countryi.ien painters, who have not yet joined this 

I II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

I D 2 a (2) 

Dzlannik Cliicagoski , l»lar. 20, 1895 • 

union but ;vho wpuld lika to belong to it, to coiao to our next .iieetin<2 on 
March 21, at the above-iientioned hall. This is the last opportunity to 
join at the low initiation fee of only i?2*50. After IJarch 21 the initiation 
fee will be fifteen dollars. 

Polish painters: Act v/hile there is yet time* Let us all take into con- 
sideration our own business and the benefits accruinr; frora it. Let us 
organize so that we will not ba left behind the others^ 

A. a. ./eight, 

recording seoretaiy. 

;;e invite every Polish painter to join our 'Jnion now and take advantage of 

this low initiation fee. ^ 

II A 2 


Dziennik Chlcagoskl , liar. 3, 1896. 


The Pulaski Building and Loan Association of the St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish 
is opening another branch office, this time in St. Hedwig's Parish. 


r ' 

II A 2 


Dzlennik Chicagoski , Liar. 2, 1896. 


We have already published the news that the Pulaski Building and Loan 
Association is opening two branch offices, one in the St. Casimir parish 
and the other in Avondale. 

The Avondale branch officers are John Krus, president; Leon Lugowski, secre- 
tary; and Joseph Grabowiecki, treasurer. Meetings are held at the Kbcciosko 
hall on IJilwaukee Avenue, opposite the Polish church. 

The officers of the St. Casimir parish branch are John Kusnierz, president; 
A. Prominski, secretary; Andrew Belinski, treasurer. The meeting place is at 
971 V/ashtenaw Avenue. Meetings of both branches will be held todays 


II A 2 


Dziennik Chicagoski , Feb, 25, 1896« 


The Pulaski Building and Loan Association of the St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish 
has opened two branch offices, one in the St. Casimir Parish and the other in 

• v3 



Dziennik Chicagoski , Feb, 22, 1896. 

poLiod jJii^LCiDs^ p:{or:cTi\r: association 


On V/ednesday, February 19, the Polish Landlords* Protective Association of 
Chicago was incorporated in Sprirxgfield, Illinois. Tlie following signed the -^^ 
papers: Frank A. Bieszki, August J. Kov/alski, John F. Smulski, Isidor Komorowski , ^ 
and others. '^- 


The purpose of the Association is to protect landlords from tenants who do not 

pay their rent, or who pay it irregularly. The names of such tenants will be o 

entered on a blacklist, for the convenience of landlords who are members of this Lo 


Association, so that they can knov; to whom to rafuse to rant. ro 

Members will pay one dollp.r and fifty cents a year for each tenant, which will 
be used to maintain the office. Actual business of the Association will not 
begin, however, until May 1, although the office at 602 Noble Street will be 
open in a few days. 

II A 2 . 2 - POLISH 


Dziennlk Chicagoskl , Feb. 22, 1896. 

This office will also collect rents, and will amploy its own attorneys and 
constables. Such a business is a necessity in our community, as it will stop 
the landlords from being victimized. The membership of the j^.^zooiation is 
composed of citizens of this locality, namely St. Stanislaus Kostka parish^ 






Dziennlk Chlcagoski> Jan. 25, 1896. 

iTsus its: ^ 

Messrs. Uarcinkowski and Hensel have opened up a musical instrument store at ^ 
133 ;/est Division Street. ^ 




II A 2 

Dzlennlk Chicag03ki> Jan, 24, 1896. 



Mr. J. Szuminski will open a new dry-goods store on Febiniary first at 
604 Noble Street. The Poles should support their countryman. 



II A 2 

Dzlennlk Cliicagoskit Jan* 24, 1896* 



Judge M« A. LaBuy, the treasurer of the company which ovms the Polish Gold 
Mine in Middle Creek, California, requests us to publish some information 
about this gold mine, some of which is favorable and some not so favorable^ 

The honorable Judge first states that since the last report published in the 
Dziennik Chicagoski he has received another brick of gold weighing ten pounds 
from the manager of the mine. Dr. Midowicz* 

Dr* Midowlcz reports that the further they dig into the mine the larger the 
output of gold becones* The vein of gold-bearing quartz is gradually getting 
wider as they dig deeper into the mine, and at the present time it is close 
to one hundred feet in width* It looks as though the mine will keep on pro- 
ducing enough gold to pay for digging it for many years to come* iSxperts 
declare that this mine is one of the richest in California or in Merica* 


II A 2 • 2 - POLISa 


Dzlennik Chicagoaki , Jan* 24, 1896* 

A gold refinery is being built not far from the mine, and this will greatly aid 
in the further exploitation of the mine and will help to increase the output. 

This is the favorable news. Now we will give you some news that is not so g 
favorable. -' 

Dr. Midowicz has telegraphed that a great storm broke and damaged the canals r; 
through which water was being brought down from the hills tor use in the mine, q^ 
causing a stoppage of work in the mine. This sort of accident can happen in o 
any such undertaking. Luckily, this affects the Polish Gold Mine only slightly, : .: 
because these canals must be repaired by the Cabinet Company, which leases the ro 
land to the Polish Gold Mine. ''' 

The repair work will take not more than two months, after which time work will 
be resumed with greater energy than ever. 

II A 2 

Dziennik Chicagoski , Jan. 14, 1896. 




The following ./ere elected directors at this meeting: John F. Hanson, 
Isaac Hausam, F. H. Herhold, ./illiam Johnson, i-eter Kiolbansa, LI. A. La Buy, 
John Schermann, James P. Sherlock, John F. Smnlski, Paul 0. Stensland, and 
Soren D. Thorson. 

Immediately after the stockholders' meetin*^, the directors met and selected 
the follov;ing executive board; 

Paul 0. Stensland, president; F. H. Herhold, vice-president; Charles j^. 
Schlythern, cashier; Henry ;. Hering, assistant cashier. 


As can oe seen from the above, four Poles aro included on the board of ^ 

II A 2 


Dziennik Chicagoski, Jan. 4, 1896. 



Mr. A. X. Centelia, Mr. A. Wachowski, and Mr. John Szostakowski opened a whole- 
sale grocery business on January 2, 1896, at the corner of Washington and Union 

They ask their countrymen to support this new enterprise, and assure them that 
they will find it more to their advantage to trade in their store than in stores ci 
of people of other nationalities* C 

^^> ' 



Dziennik Chlcagoski , Dec. 27, 1895. 


News has reached us from Cripple Creek, Colorado, where one of the Polish gold 
mines is located, that the production of gold mined daily is increasing* 

Count Henry Lubienski, manager at the Bonanza Cripple Creek Gold Mining Company, 
has recently returned to Chicago from Colorado, He will stay here a few weeks 
and is to come to some kind of understanding with directors of the mine relative 
to the purchase of steam-powered machines for working the mine» Count Lubienski 
says that work has progressed to such an extent that hand labor can no longer be 
employed • 

According to H. Lubienski, production of gold in various gold mines in Cripple 
Creek now exceeds a million dollars a month. The figures for October were set 
at over |1, 500, 000. He said that there are 173 mines in operation* Capital of 


II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 


Dzlennlk Chlcagoskl , Dec. 27, 1895« 

the East, and even of Europe, is beginning to show interest in these gold mines, 
and for the past few months speculation in the stock of gold mines began on the 
stock exchange* 

Count Lubienski became an active member of the mining exchange at Cripple Creek 
and in the adjoining town of Victor. Plans are being made to open a mining 
exchange in Chicago. 

Local exchanges play an important role, for they supply information as to the 
value of shares and the condition of the various mines affiliated with them. 


On the one hand they spread speculation, but on the other they prevent the .Jj; 
public from being swindled. 

There have been American ••gold mining** companies, shares in which were sold 
in Chicago, but which never owned a mine. Today, investment in gold mining 


II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 


Dzieimik Chlcagoski > Dec* 27, 1895. 

stock has been put on a soxinder basis, one that is much safer for the public. 

It must be added that Prince John Sapiecha (son of Prince Adam Sapiecha of 
Galicia) is an outright owner of a mine in Cripple Creek. -: 

As to the Bonanza Gold Mine, Count Lubienski is its manager and Ralph Modrzejewski,i 
of Chicago, is the president. < 


During the absence of Count Lubienski, his wife manages the affairs of the mine g 
at Cripple Creek. She resides in Victor, near the Bonanza Gtold Mine, ^ 

I D 1 b 

III B 2 Dziennlk Chicagoski , Dec. 17, 1895. 
I C 



(The following interesting and important article was received by the Dziennik ^ 
Chicagoski for publication.) ^ 

The announced meeting of all officers of the Polish societies of South Chicago U 
was held on Sunday, December 15. The purpose of the meeting was to discuss 3 
plans for organizing and operating a Polish business enterprise. 2 

Officers from all the societies were present at the meeting* John Szostakowski 
was appointed chairman and W. Pacholski acted as recording secretary* 

The chairman announced the reason for the gathering* He said that the meeting 
was called for the purpose of working out a plan for the establishment of a 
large department store (on the pattern of The Fair or other such stores) in 


II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 
I D 1 b 

III B 2 Dzlennlk Chicagoskl, Dec^ 17, 1895. 
I C 

IV which all items used in the home may be purchased. 

Money for this venture will be raised through the selling of stock at a par ^ 

value of ten dollars a share. The reason for setting the par value of the ^ 

stock at this low price is to give all Poles an opportunity to become a part ^ 

of this business enterprise. This matter greatly interested the Poles of C 

South Chicago* ]g 


At the meeting the following spoke on the subject: Reverend Adolph Nowicki, 
pastor of St. Kichael Parish, Reverend F. M. Wojtalewicz, pastor of the 
Immaculate Conception Parish, LIr. Pacholski, J. Dudek, and others. 

All speakers stressed the advantages of such a department store for the Poles 
of South Chicago. The Jews, the leeches of Polish society, have monopolized 
business to such an extent among the Poles in this section of town that a num- 
ber of Polish businessmen have been forced to close their doors. If this 
condition is allowed to continue all signs of Polish business in South Chicago 


II A 2 -3 - POLISH 

I D 1 b 

III B 2 Dzlennlk Chlcagoskl , Deo. 17, 1895« 

I C 

IV will be destroyed* Only combined Polish effort will be able to compete 

with the Jewish businessmen. 

That the Poles of South Chicago are aware of this was evidenced by the atten- 
dance at the meeting and by the number of shares sold. Four hundred shares 
were sold, representing four thousand dollars. The officers of each society 
have taken it upon themselves to promote this idea among the members. 


The follov/ing temporary promotion committee was chosen: Reverend Nowicki, g 
Reverend Wojthlewicz, J. Dudek, J. Szostakov/ski, C. Witkowski, T. Gordon, 
S. Sulski, Reverend Rydzewski, J. Hyma, W. Folmer, W* Forman, A. VJalko/xiak, 
and W. Pacholski. 

The next meeting will be held on Friday, December 20, at the parish rectory 
on 83rd Street and Bond Avenue. 

Hope is expressed that this project will soon be carried out. All that is 

II A 2 -4- POLISH 
I D 1 b 

III B 2 Dziennik Chicagoski . Dec. 17, 1895. 

I C % 

17 needed is work, energy, unity, and co-operation. To work, brothers, 5 

and God will help us I ~ 

W* Pacholski, secretary. -o 




II A 2 



Dziennik Griicagoski , Oct. 10, 189o, 


Lmni; i£2LD .xT PA^U-ZilH HOUSl^ 

The annual neotinc of txie stocldiolders of the Polish Gold ..ine of Shasta County, 
California, v/as held last niglit at the Palner House. In the absence of the § 

president, Dr. Casinir Hidowicz, and the vice-president, l^ev. Gruczy, Victor ^ 

Bardonski presided. ^ 

A large number of stocliiolders v;ere present, i'roi.: a total of 3554 shareholders, ^ 
3006 were represented. 2 


From the official reports presented by the secretary, the treasurer, and one ^ 
of the directors, Reverend Vincent iJarzynski, it is apparent that the nine is 
in a sound condition. 

An official report of the status of the i.iine will not be given until after the 
special comiittee, which was appointed to check the books has made its findings. 

11 ^ ^ - 2 - POLIS H 


Dzieanil: Ghica r.oski, Let. 13, 1895. 

A copy of this report v;ill be published and a copy vail be sent to each 

The follov/inG i/iei-ibers v.ere c:i:;::c:i .or this co:rjriittee: 'i^omas ICr'Olik, Iliax % 
Drzymala /also Dreznal/, and ... i.ov;alsI:i. This ccrjTxittee v:ill be allowed ^ 
four v/eeks to conplete its '.vcrk. "^ 

The gold niine has vei^^ fev; debts, and by the end of the year these fev; debts S 
will have been paid off. Zo it v;ill not be lone before the company vjill be ^ 
naking a clear profit and payinf- dividends. " " ^ 

Over one hundred thousand dollars has been invested in the r.ine and e:cpended 
for carrying out the work. I'hus far over tv/enty thousand dollars' ivorth of gold 
has been nined. 

After the gold has been nined, it is v/eiglied, and then shipped to the treasurer 
of the company in Ghicaco, who has it smelted and sold in the open market at 

;i A 2 - o - PCLisr 


Dzieiinil: CJhicaoOslii , Cct. lo, 1G95. 

the prevailing prices. Up to yesterday the treasurer iiad received a total of 
one tiiousand and five our.'i'es, or eir.;Iity-tlirGe cirA tiiree-fcurths pounds (of 
tvjelve ounces to the pound), of ,.;old. Thus far he lias received ^16,755.13 
for the gold he has sold. Tliere are, hcv;ever, still a few thousand dollars' 
v;orth of col^ on hand. .Tnen this has been sold tho total sales v;ill amount 
to over tv/enty thousand dollars. 

upon a notion i.iade by Jr. 0, Venn it v/as a'-reed tc re\/ard all tlie rienbers of 
this orranization v;ho 'lave nude thi£^ venture a succerjs tl rouch their uiitirinc 
efforts, vath. f_x)ld crosses of th.e first ■":old mined. Dr. Venn ]r£ide especial 
nention of Reverend 7. ^arzynski. lie proposed, and the notion \7t\s carried, 



Because the tern of sorje of the directors l^ad cone to an ^nd an election v.^s 
held, and the follov/inc v;ere elected on the board: Ix. [J. 7jJ J2;iulski S 

and Judf.e I... A. Lal^uy for three years, let or lliolbassa for tv;o years, and 
:-.. Z. Adv.'alsVi for throe years. 


II -■■ 



1 L j..j.«->._ 

Uzicnnir: Chicc:r'os'::i, Cct. ] 


to .^ive jolci crof-ses tc , P.evjreiid -.arzyiiski, -leverend Ciraczy, J*, r'. ' rl3>.i, 

I... .^, LalJuy. It vxs v.lzo a -reou to !:rejtj::t crossec tc iJr. I.Iidovacz and Jr. Venn. 

^ /•" I '-N « i ri ^^ 1^ 

Ox O • d. V-4- 

-\fter ti-G MGctinc of t::o 3toc':hol 

board elccto-. t'.:o follov'inf; :.:e:.iborc tc ofi'ice I'or t;ie coiiiUi-^ year: Iieverend :$ 

Vincent ."* rr,, president; .:averond ..'• Crucz.;, vice president; Jud.-e > 

. * • » 

;.::', ti'easuror; J. '^\ o:::ulsI:i, secrotary. 'J'ne rollov/in-^ were elected '^: 

to t/.o board o.' directors: 1 eter Iliolbassa, ... 7. Iloualski , Dr. O'.iurlos Venn, 
and ... 1-ciryanski. 




Dziennik Chicagoskl , Sept, 6, 1895 • 



Readers of the Dziennik Ghicap:o3ki probably recall reading an article we pub- 
lished relative to the rumors of the failure of the Polish gold mine in Cali- 
fornia. This fictitious story was released for public consumption by a certain 
Mr. ^'R," correspondent of the Kuryer V/arszawski (Warsaw Courier). 

Mr. •♦R*' falsely stated that the mine had defaulted, that it wa^s unproductive, 
that the cause of this syndicate's failure was J. F. Sraulski, and other stories. 

Our article, based on all known facts, repudiated the claims made by Mr* "R*s" 
article and the Barjer Warszawski was requested to rectify its error. 

Yesterday we had another occasion to see the treasurer of the Polish Gold Mine, 
Judge M. A. La Buy, who expressed his indignation about the false rumors that 
have been spread by the eorticle in question. 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 


Dzlennlk Chlcagoakl, Sept. 6, 1895. 

To protect the interest of the Polish investors of this enterprise, we repeat 
the words of Judge La Buy: 

'•If I only could get my hands on this Mr. *R»", said the Judge, I would certain- 
ly show him a thing or two. He is a liar of the highest degi^ee. The company 

has failed! The mine operations have stopped— what nonsense Please take 

note about the following particulars as to how our gold mine is failing. As 
the treasurer of this enterprise, I received from California on August 5, eight 
pounds of gold, on August 20, five pounds and today, six pounds. This makes a 

total of nineteen pounds This is not badS To this must be added the fact 

that the manager of the mine, Dr. Midowicz, has informed me that ten new machines 
have been purchased and put into operation. V/ork now will be doubled. In short, 
this explodes any groimds for the rumors. The mine is progressing rapidly. All 
obligations have been met and our interest is very sound. Attorney Smulski does 
not head any syndicate, but is only a stockholder, a member of the board of 
directors and secretary. This is the story of the status of our mine'^, concluded 
Judge La Buy. 

II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 


Dzlennlk Chlcagoskl> Sept. 6, 1895. 

Ttiese are basic facts of the condition of the Polish GrOld Mine. Judge La Buy 
has also stated that a meeting of stockholders of the mine will be held in t\«o 
months, and in this respect all persons will be given an opportunity to find 
out the true status of this company. 




II A 2 


D ziennik Ghicagoski , June 15, 1895. 



i:n:iiiG co^n^^uT hold ydim.d. llh^ting 

On Tuesday, June 11, the annual meeting of the Polish Bonanza Cripple Greek 

Gk)ld Mining Gompan^^ v;as held at the PaL^er .louse. ^ 

J. Kaser, :.!. I.'agdziarz and L. Janochy resigned as directors, and IT. L. Piotrov;ski, ^ 
H. Lubienski and 3. Piotrowski v;ere elected to the board in their stead. There .-- 
vvere no otlier oiianges in the board of directors. -o 


The folla^ving officers were elected for the co.dng year: P^lph Uodrzejewski, 

president; 3. 1^ Adalia Satalecki, vice-president; U. Lubienski, secretary; 

and N. L. Piotrov;ski, treasurer. -^ 

V'/orr: at the Cripple Creek mine started again last inonth, after the thawing of 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 


Dziennik Gliica^'^cski, June 15, 1895. 

snow from ths mountains. This work is under the direction of Polish miners 
from Colorado, namely, 3z3''nkowicz, Sadowski and I/ibedzki. 

Plans .;ere nade for the erection of buildings and the purchase of mining 
equipment. The ore containing gold will be sent to the smelter beginning 
next month. 






Dziennik Chicagoski , Llay 17, 1S95, 


E. Z. Brodowski and LI. Durski have opened a real-estate bureau and notary- 
public office at 501 Jnovth/ Noble Street. 

II .. 2 

■ "» f"^ T"i ■>"> "^ 

-."L-^-jJ. •.>.:. _'-- 

•^'u 0..J: iOzlov;o-:i, -.:'ag h 


boon u ."-jlo'^ed by 

shop to:.:or-.'o.; u[, o06 I'obio .street. 

-.r. ..ojun..l.i, \;ill open his o\;n barber-*:^! 


— -4 


I A 

Dzierinilc Ohicacoslri , Teb, G, 18913 

WPA (lllj FKOJ. 3027i 

A Polish restaurant and saloon has boon rocoiitly opened 07 P. ICostrzev/sIii on 
..'est Madison Street, near Ilalstju, o^^.^:.osite the coui-t'iouse. Phe nev; estab- 
lishment is frecj^uentod 07 riany Poles. 




Dziennlk Chicagoski , Jan. 12, 1895 • 


Szczesny Zahajkiewicz, well-knoivn local playv/right and pedagogue, has recently- 
put on the market a new educational game called 'Tlay with the Presidents", 
which is instructive to young and old, and to Polish and English alike. 

The game is on the order of lotto* The player receives a large board or card 

upon which corresponding sections contain the portraits of our various Presidents, ,-= 

and the important dates of their lives. '^ 

There is also a separate deck of cards, vrtiich is dealt by one of the players* & 
The cards are printed with questions such as, "V/ho was the first, second, etc., ^ 
President of the United States?" "I'/hat administration was in office from the 
year X to the year Y?" etc. 

If the player answers the question and finds upon his card a portrait of the 
corresponding President, he covers this space with a square piece of pasteboard* 


II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 


Dziennlk Chicagoski , Jan. 12, 1895. 

The one that succeeds in covering five squares across one row first is the winner* 

The game is very interesting, and at the same time teaches American history. At 
the present time the game is made with the names and questions printed only in 
English, but plans are being made to publish it in Polish also* In the meantime 
Polish children can benefit a great deal from the English cards • 

Mr. Zahajkiewicz has applied I'or a copyright at '.Vashington, D. C. We hope that 
he sells a million copies of the game. 



■ -J 




Dziennlk Chicagoski , Jan. 7, 1895. 


A new Polish organization, the Bartosz Glov/acki Building Loan and Savings 
Society, located at 844 V/est 17th Street, was recently organized* Its officers 
are as follows: 


F. Galoszewski, president; J. V/ierzchov/ski , vice-president; 0. Grochowski, 

first secretary; P. Jeziemy, second secretary; J* Balcer, third secretary; 

S. F. Malicki, cashier; and S, F. Adalia Satalecl-d, attorney. ^ 



The directors are: S. F. Adalia Satalecki, 0. Grochov/ski, M. Kucik, J. V/ierzchow- ^ 
ski, F. Go^aszewski, S. F. Ivlialicki, P. Jeziemy, S. Budzbanowski, and J. 
Janus zewskl. 

The following make up the Financial Goimnittee: Joseph Tomas, J. Januszewski, 
M* Kucik, and W. Kuszev/ski# 


• II A 2 - 2 - POLIS H 

f IV 

Dziennr-c Chicag;oski > Jan. 7, 1895. 

S. Budzbanowski , J. Januszev/ski and Bernard Palt are on the Appraising Com- 


Jacob Kovvalski is marsbal. 

Meetings are held every Saturday at 8 P. M* at M. Porozynski's Ilall, 844 TJF^St 
17th Street. 


Shares are tv/enty-five cents each. 3 


All persons desirin^^ information or wishing to become members of this Society 

are invited to attend any of the meetings. :^ 

John Kroll, secretary, 
642 Holt Avenue 

II A 2 


Dziennik Chlcap;oski , Jan. 7, 1895. 

The undersicned wishes to inform the public that the firm of John Barzynski 
and Company, recently operated by John Llacy (Matz) and the v;idov7 of the late 
John Barzynski, has been dissolved for the best interest of both parties. 
Hereafter all accounts will be payable to Llrs. Bronislawa Barzynska at the 
office located at North Avenue and Coventry Street. The sale of wood and coal 
will be handled by the widov/, under the naiie of Barzynska and Company. 

T.irs. Bronislawa Barzynska 


II A 2 

Dziennik Chlcag08kl > Oct. 19, 1894. 


The shareholders of the Original Q^uartz Hill Gold Mining Company of Middle 
Creek, California, held their first annual meeting yesterday in the Palmer 

Thirty shareholders representing twenty-five hundred shares attended the 
meeting. However, not all shareholders were present. Reverend Grutz and 
Mr. Niezorawski, both of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, represented the shareholders 
residing in that city. 

Zbigniew Brodowski acted as chairman of the meeting and J. F. Smulski as 

The report on mine operations was read by Dr. K. Midowicz, president of the 
board of directors. The report shows that the mine is in good condition, 
that more ore crushers are needed in order to increase the output. Up to 


* II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 


Dzlennik Chlcagoski ^ Oct. 19, 1894. 

now a total of 178 ounces of gold has been obtained. 

The financial report was read by J. F. Smulski. Both reports were accepted. 
The financial report will be printed and a copy sent to every shareholder. 

At this meeting it was decided to raise the nominal value of the shares to one ^ 
hundred dollars, and to double the number of ore crushers. 2 

TVro directors — Peter Kiolbassa, and S. Szopinski — whose terms had expired, were ^ 
substituted by Reverend V. Barzynski of Chicago and Reverend Grutz of Milwaukee. "^ 
Z. Brodowski was re-elected director. 2 

The following were elected officials of the company: Dr. K. Midowicz, presi- i; 
dent; Reverend Grutz, vice-president; J. F. Smulski, secretary; and Judge 
M. A. La Buy, treasurer. 

The Polish Gold Mine is a great success. Right after the meeting, a few 
thouscmd dollars worth of shares was sold. 




Dzlennik Chica^oskl. Feb. 8, 1894* 

Company Rents a First-class Gold-Mining Mill; 

Operations to Begin Soon 

YJe have very good news for the shareholders of the Polish Gold Mine Company 
in California* 

Just before the beginning of the New Yecu', Mr* John Smiilski, the secretary 
of the Company, went to San Francisco at the request of Mr# M. Maryanski^ 
the engineer. There was a good chance to rent an up-to-date gold-mining mill 
which is located near the mine. The mill, v/hich belongs to the Cailximet Min- 
ing Company and is equipped with modern mining machinery, is in a good con- 
dition and is operated by water power, vdiich is very important* This gold- 
mining mill consists of six buildings and the necessary machinery* It cost 
the Calumet Mining Company one hundred thousand dollars to build and equip 
this plant* The ¥rater furnishing the power for operating it comes from the 
mountain and falls down two hundred feet on the wheels. 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 


Dzlennik Chicagoskl ^ Feb. 8, 1894. 

The Calumet Mining Company owns a small gold mine right near tlie Polish mine. 
This Company, having already exploited its mine with good profit for all con- 
cerned, does not need the mill for some time, so that it leased it to the 
Poles at very reasonable terms. 

Since the operating expense is very low, because the mill is run by water power, 
it may be said that the Polish Gold Mine Company is very lucky in having rented 

The lease was signed yesterday at Cleveland, Ohio, where Mr. John F. Smulski 
met the president of the Calumet Mining Company. 

The mill has twenty-five crushers and the ^olisl^ Company will install that 
many more. 

There are still five thousand dollars* worth of unsold shares. The Company 
needs this money for the purchase of new crushers. Shares may be bought from 
Mr. J. F. Smulski, secretary, or from Judge M. A. La Buy, the cashier of the 


i-=i i. 

II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 


Dzlennik Chicag03ki > Feb. 8, 1894 • 


The work will begin not later than April* *Ve wish to add that Mr* Alexander, 
who represents a certain syndicate, has again offered one hundred fifty thou- 
sand dollars for the mine, but this offer was rejected* 

Today, we are in a better position to sa^^ that the shareholders will have 
good returns, which we wish them wholeheartedly. 

- \ 

r 111 


II A 2 


Dziennik Chicagoski , Feb. 3, 1894. 

Polish Restaurant 

I wish to infoim the public that I have opened a first-class Polish i^stauirant 
at 779 Milwaukee Avenue. Ify ambition is to please the public. Quick service. 
Dinners 15 cents. 

Joseph V/odzislawski, 
799 Milwaukee Avenue. 

II A 2 


Dziennlk Chicagoski . Dec. 29, 1893. 

Mr. John Trzcinski, a Pole has established a jewely store and gold workshop 
at 94-96 State Street. 

— »i r . 1 

Messrs* Oize and Sukurski, Poles, have opened a cigar factory at 355 North ^ 

Ashland Ayenue* p: 

I — 



II A 8 

Dzlennik Chlcag03kl > Dec* 28, 1893, 



Vr. Mam Szwajkart and Mr. Ladislaus Burda, proprietors of a Polish drugstore 

at the corner of Noble and Blackhawk Streets, yesterday purchased the Masonic ^ 

Temple Pharmacy, one of the foremost drugstores in Chicago, in the Masonic ^ 

Temple, corner of Randolph and State Streets • They have already taken possess- ^ 

ion of this place but intend to continue doing business in the old location on p 

Noble Street also* We extend our best wishes for success in this new venture ^ 

to our countrymen* § 

II A 2 


Dziennlk Chicagoski > Dec. 27, 1893. 

Interesting newsl We hear that one of the largest dmigstores in downtown 
Chicago, in the Masonic Temple, is being taken over by Poles* Further partic 
ulars will be published later. 




II A 2 


Dziennik Chicagoski . Dec. 26, 1893. 


I wish to thank the firm of E, L» Schultz for their help in patenting my two 

The knowledge possessed by Engineer Schultz in the realm of inventions deserves S 

the attention of every Pole in America contemplating an invention or an improve- ^ 

ment of an invention. I had been thinking for scxae yeeirs past about realizing r^ 

my projects, but on receiving discouraging advice from incompetent people, who -t3 

demanded large sums of money to patent my ideas, I decided to postpone loatters o 

until a more favorable opportunity. I was also unwilling to entrust my ideas ro 

to any foreigners, for fear they would appropriate it for themselves, so was § 

practically forced to forget about them. Unaware of the rewards from these "^ 
inventions, I did not hurry to get my patents* Today, thanks to Ur* E« L* 
Schultz, I heard the wonderful news that my ideas have a real value and may be 
very beneficial to the human race. 

F. F. Sawadzki 
Chicago, December 22, 1893. 

TT '5 

J. J. -r 

.x ^ 


Dziennik Chicaf-osVi , Dec. 21, 1893. 

... . ; J*4K^ J. X —ii , 

I'r. and i-rs. F. ■-•. and R. Tonor have opened a nev; ladies^ furnishin-^s store 
at 293 V/est Division Street (near .."ood street). 


II B 1 c (3) 

III H Dziennik Ghicaf-Qski > Dec. 16, 189o. 


The company is prosressins satisfactorily. The board of directors made the 
second payment of :>8,500 a fe\7 days ago. 

The secretary of the company, lir. Maryanski, received a telegram from California 
requesting one of the directors to come to the mine at once, because there is an 
opportunity to lease an old but well kept mill, to which half of the iron tracks 
are already built* This mill is operated by electricity. If the company will 
be able to lease this mill on favorable terms, then we can undertake the ex- ^ 
ploitation of the mine immediately. 

iSngineer Maryanski descended to a depth of one hundred and twelve feet in order 
to tap the main gold vein. Another Polish engineer, l.Ir. Jurski, is assisting 
him. Both of them came to the conclusion that near the main entrance, where 
samples of gold ore have been mined to be shipped to the Lwow iixposition, a new 
vein so rich in gold has been uncovered that now there can be no doubt that this 




II A 2 - 2 - POLI^ 

II B 1 c (3) 

III H Dziennik Chlcagoski , Dec. 16, 1893» 


- rich-in-gold ore does not extend right along the center of the vein for several 
hundred feet. A rich gold-bearing ore has also been found about thirteen feet 
below the surface in the tunnel. 

In viev7 of such a favorable report, the Polish raine will comrrience operations z 
soon.. At their last extraordinary meeting the directors decided to send one of ^ 
their number to California, v;ho is to thoroughly examine the offer for the mill f 
standing idle near the Polish mine, and, if competent people consider it ade- 
quate, then he is to sign a lease for it. g 

Mr. John F. Smulski, the secretary of the board of directors, will probably 
travel to California. 








Dziennik Chicagosld. , Dec. 14, 1893. 

1U\J BuILDHIG .ilD LO.;iT .iJijOOLtVnOlT in ST. .iD.J3':ST R'JUiSH 

Startinc^ January 1, 1894, the nev; II. iCopernik Building and Loan ^association 
will begin business. This .Mssociation v.lll make loans for building pui^poses 
and on existing property in Polish localities, thus contributing to the 
welfare of all the Poles. 

'.;e invite all Polos vjho think v;ell of tlie v/elfare of his countrymen and who 
believe in helpinr, thenselves to co-operate with us. One sljare costs one l 

hundred dollars, pa^rable at the rate of twenty five cents a week. ITo prem- ;._^,. 

iun to be paid; interest is seven per cent. The board of directors, consist- f'i 
ing of nine LieLibers,will be elected on Ju^turday, Decenber IG, at 8 P. ... , at ^ 

the i\ilaski Hall, 13th Street end ^^shluiid ^^venue. *U1 "gIj-oso desiriii^; to join 

I... hopernik building and Loan Society: 

Gasi:;.ir .ii3^chlinski, Secretar:/. 

e. - 

II A 2 


Dziennik Ohlcagoski , Dec. 11, 1093 • 


Mr. A. Zegzda opeiiad a v/atch repair shop in the Pulaski Hall Bailding, 800 
South Ashland Avenue, in St. Adalbert Parish. .Ve wish him success. 


II .-. 2 rCLISH 

II 3 1 c (2) 

III H Dziennik Jhica^oski, Dec. u, 1895. 

M j'ew Interesting Facts /roi.i the office of 

:r. ^. L. Jchultz 

XI A. 

( C^orr espcndenc e j 

V/e inentioned not lon^ a^o ':;hat a capeble Polish technician, I'.r. 3. L. Jchultz, 
in cojiipan:/ v.lth some .-jnericans, opened ui) u patent-teclinical office to secure 
patents of inventions, prepare nodels, and assist in all siiiiilar iiatters. 
Lr. ^chultz vdshes specifically to assist x olish inventors, so that they can 
reap the benefits of their ingenuity. 

7.e orii?inallv thour>ht that in r^'-.ierica not many polish inventors would be 
found, but the letter written by Lr. ochultz and ^^uoted herevdth is a very 
pleasant surprise. :,.r. Jchultz v.Tites as follows: 

^'It is a pleasure for iiie to note that the nunber of ^oles applyinr- to me 
with nuine3?ous inventions froiu all over the united States surpasses my 


c -. 


II /. 3 - 2 - x^OLISH 

II 3 1 c (3) 

III :i Dziennik Jhicacoslci , Lee, 6, 1095. 

fondest expectations. It is true that these inventions are oftentimes sub- 
riiitted only in the barest outline, yet, after soae corrections and technical 
prepii rat ions, they are at tiiaes quite valuable, 

^'I v.-ant to laention a fev. here: 

'♦Lr. r. Racinski fro.u Pennsylvania invented a pouch that is continually in 3> 

Liotion, which v.ill be very useful in cl'-^^s -lills and silk factories. ^^ 

"Dr. iZodis of ChicaoO has an excellent iiaprovenient for velocipedes v;hich z^^^^ 
ten per cent greater speed, usin^; the sa^-ie propelling force. 

"Lr. b\ oowadzki of Chicago has an invention that will be a real blessing for 
our iiothers; it is a chilaren^s crib that 'ill continue rocrcin^ for twelve 
hours with one \;indinc of a key. 

"'..e have also soi'ie iiaportant inventions for farn tools. i..r. has a 
few. The most important is a "Karto f'larka^' (Translator's note: xotato 



II ^^ 2 - :3 - rCLI3:;: 

II I. 1 C (3) 

III H Jziennik Chic:, go ski , uec, 6, 18j3, 

harvester), which seeias to have c; reat future, i..v. Jzarkowski of North 
bakota has a seeder which also i.iay iuive a vide cicquaintance, 

'*i.<\irtheririore, .^.r. Lukaszevv-ski of kacine, ..isconsin, patented a chess table 
that can he folded up into a Si.iall box. 

*^..r. Gaya's (of balti.aore) v;onderful success in receiving ,100,000 for his 

invention has aroused Many others as to the possibilities in this field. 

*./e have alreaay in a-ir possession three different typ-es of couplinr.s for cars. 

".. total of tv.elve ^oles have patented their inventions, and they are all 
^-rnteful for finding tills security, because tliey had thou^dit of various ideas, 
but if they dici not find anyone to ;:dvise thei.i and hel^. thai thev v.ould have 
forr.otten all about their ideas. 

"..e .manufacture the i.iodels of practically all of the inventions \.e handle 
in our own factory, and iiany of these inventors have riven par^assion to 
send i.iOdels of their inventions to the L'..'o\ .Jxsosition, so ;.e sincerelv ho;:'e 


II -•■ 

II ::. 1 c (o; 




,zienni-v Jhic ^psrci , Dee. 6, lojo. 

that the in.jenuity of 
exhibit in Lvo"-. '' 

xOliL^h invei.tors in :j:ievioc. vill .-^rove to be a jrand 



II A 2 


Dziennik ChlcacQski , Dec, 5, 1893. 

XV nev; Polish association, to be Imov/n as the Cvopernicus Building; and Loan 
/association, is beinr; or^'^anized in St. Adalbert Parish. It v/ill open for 
business v/ith the be^innin^ of the nev/ year. 



Dziennik Chicaf:oski , Dec. 5, 1893. 


I feel obligated to publicly express my thanks to the Polish firm '£. L. Schultz 
8c Company of Chicago for the businesslike v/ay in v/hich they had my invention 
patented. For a lon.^ time there had been a need for such a Polish business in 
America, and I feel certain that the nev/ firm v/ill help many of our countrymen. -n 

3. J. Lukaszev/ski , rf 

Racine, '.Wisconsin. -^ 




II B 1 C (S) 

Dziennlk Chicagoakl , Nov* 87, 1893 • 

(NEftS ITEM) ^ 

The patent bureau of Schultz & Co# has six inventions made by Poles in America, -^ 
whose patents and models will be shipped to the exposition in Lwow^ Further C 
details will be published in future editions of the Dziennik Chicagoaki * ^rans-^ 
lator^s note: Schultz & Co* was a Polish Chicago concemj./^ 2 





Daiennik Chicacoski, Nov. 25, 1893. 



At the last raeetinc of the officers of the corp027ation organized for the 
purpose of exploiting a tzold niine in California, the directors decided to 
corimence operations at once. 

The engineer, Llr. Icaryanski, v/as authorized to go to the mine v/ith laborers 
and at once begin digging a tunnel v/hich will be necessary for a water 

As soon as this is completed the directors v/ill begin the erection of 
stamp mills. The machines vrill be brought from San Prancisco. One of the 
largest firms in that city agrees to erect fifty stamp mills under very 
favorable terms for us. Another firr:i made an offer to place electric 

II A 2 ' -- Z ^ 


Dziennik Chicagoski, ITov. 23, 1893* 


v/ires directly to the mine and advises the use of electric current for 
operating the iiachines. Our company could save a good deal this v/ay, 
because it v;ould not be necessary to haul fuel and erect expensive boilers, 
and we could have electric light if day and night v;ork were desired* 

Finally, v/e have information that an agent of some English syndicate made " 

an offer to our treasurer. Judge Jv.. aT/ LaBriy to buy this mine, but the vi 
directors v/ill not listen to a proposal of this sort. They feel that if 

the English can benefit v/hy shouldn't the Poles profit by it? J 

The directors did not sell a single share to outsiders, so that the 
possibility that other people can take over our business later on i 
definitely excluded. There are only a f ev/ unsold shares that can be 
purchased in smaller or larger .^nounts from Judge M. A. LaBuy, 581 Liil- 
v/aukee Avenue, or fr.n the secretary, LIr. J# ?• Smulski, 561 Noble Street, 

s i 

: » 



Dzieanik Chicagoskl . Sept. 9, 1893. 

The follov/ing letter vjas received for publication in Dziennik /Chicagoski/ : 

"We, the undersigned, a coramittee delegated by the Polish Corporation/Original 
Quartz Hill Gold llining Corapan^to investigate the gold mine in California, 
have returned to make the following report; 

**The State Bureau of Llines advised us to engage the engineer Luclchardt, a 
metallurgical expert who has spent the last thirty-four years on the Pacific 
coast, and who is generally recognized as a capable and conscientious man» 
He accompanied us to Redding, Shasta County, from which the mine is four 
miles distant. The mine itself is located on the left^j^st/bank of the 
Sacramento River, 220 feet above the river and 300 feet above sea level • The 
vicinity is densely wooded and vjill supply plenty of lumber for fuel and mine 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 


Dziennik Chicagoski , Sept. 9, 1893. 

"The Liine consists of the •liain Ledge, ^ *Red Ledge,* and the so-called 'Storm' 
and 'Snow' claims* The total length of these claims protiniding above the 
ground is 3,200 feet. The main vein protrudes above the ground for a distance 
of more than six hundred feet. The masses of quartz in this vein, reaching 
a height of from ten to thirty-seven feet, with a width of from twenty-one to 
thirty feet, form a long wall. In the center of the hill through v/hich the 
main vein runs, is a tunnel extending seventy- two feet below the surface. The 
tunnel cuts both the main and the red veins, the latter not visible on the 
surface at this point* A forty-five-foot v;ell has been dug in the tunnel, 
which reveals that the main and red veins come together to form one mass at 
about a hundred and twenty feet belov; the surface. 

''In Luckhardt's opinion, v/ith v;hich our engineers liiryanski and Aleksander, 
who also examined the mine, agree, the veins, which .extend deep into the earth, 
contain about a million and two hundred thousand tons of gold ore. This esti- 
mate is for the main and red veins alone, and does not include the other claims. 

II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 


Dziennik Chicag03kl « Sept, 9, 1893. 

Taking the opinions of mining experts as a basis, we can count upon large 
profits v.lth practical certainty; according to the above estimate, a hundred 
mills^mining mills for pulverizing oi^/wiH ^ kept busy day in and day out 
for eight to ten years, each mill yielding from seven to eight dollars daily* 

The surface veins alone contain about thirty thousand tons of ore. The most 
conservative estimates, based upon analysis of the ore, set the gold content 
at about $150,000, after all costs of production have been deducted. 

"V/e can honestly say, then, that those who invest in this enterprise are not 
risking their capital, for the surface veins alone will repay it with interest 
On the other hand, investors may realize an enormous profit, perhaps even 

"Dr. Casinir Midowicz, August J. Kowalski, and John F. Smulski.** 



Dziennlk Chicagoski , Sept» 2, 1893. 


The corporation Orisinal Ouartz Ilill Ck)ldininiiig Company has boon permanently 
organized and the roine itself is nov/ the corporation's property; the first 
payment has already been made. J. F. Smulski left San Francisco yesterday 
after all formalities had been satisfactorily attended to. 

The list of stockholders v/ho have purchased a share in the mine is as follows: 

Nine hundred and seventy- three shares of stock Representing an investment of 
§23,8757 have been sold. Exploitation of the mine will begin soon. Shares in 
the mine can be purchased at forty dollars each at the present tLme, but it is 
expected that the price v/ill rise. 


' V 

17 '^n. ? 




Dziennilc Chicaroski, Aurj. 19, 1893. 

■ ■» !■■■■ B^i^ ■! ■ ■ 1^ -^ ' 

P0LI3I: GOLD i.:ii:j1 in C.JLIj^ORICIA 

Tivo weeks a,^o, the Orirjinal Q^uartz Kill Gold I.IininCi Company, a Polish 
corporation, delecated A. J. Kov/alski, J. F. Smulski, and Dr. 0. I.IicIov;icz 
to investigate the gold nine discovered by Lr* Modest Laryanski, a Polish 
engineer. This coir.iittee v:as authorized tc hire a coiupetent metallurgist 
for a thorough examination of the miners possibilities. The task v/as 

entrusted to the mining engineer 0. .v. Luckhardt, v/ho has had forty years 
experience in the California hills. His opinion is definitely authorita- 
tive • LIr. Luckhardt *s report v/as completed Friday afternoon. The commit- 
tee submitted its findings in the following telegram: 

^*San Francisco, August 18. 

^2n,;ineer Luckhardt *s report confirras in full the report made by I.Ir. Ilodest 
Ivlaryanski» i^ialyses v;ere very carefully made. It is a v;onderful invest- 





Dziennik Chicap-oski, AUfj* 29, 189^. 

ment. 7/ater is easily available for mining purposes* Hlxploitation cost 
v;ill be small since the ,gold-bearinc ore :^;rotrudes hi{^x above the croiind. 
Collect necessary funds to meet first payment. Kov/alski and Llidowicz are 
returning to Chicago, 

Smulski, Kov;alski, and Lxidov/icz.*' 

Upon receipt of thir importajit telegrara, a director's meeting of the Corpo- 
ration v;as called and the price of stock raised from tv;enty-five to forty 
dollars por share. This price will rise soon to its par value of one 
hundred dollars. liiveryone who would like to invest in this enterprise 
should do so without delay. 

Thus, the Polish gold mine grows daily in importance. It is not a day- 
dream nor a fantastic enterprise, but a solid and indubitable fact. In 


1 -'ma 

.1 -Tk 2 - 3 - POLlJK 

Dziem-'.ik Ghicagoski , :^\i-. 29, 1895. 

support of Llr. Lai^/anski^s opinion that the original capital v/ill be re- 
turned as profit v.ithin a year's time, is the testimony of three of our 
v/ell-knov/n citizens, as eyev;itnessos. Finally, we have the opinion of 
an expert, v;hose word is not to be doubted. 

In the face of this information, the Polish .^old mine can be regarded as 
an established fact# To those xvho invest in it, the enterprise v;ill un- 
doubtedly be a veritable rroldon apple. Poles — v/e are certain — v/ill take 
advantage of this v;onderful chance to improve their material condition 

and to help establish a purely Polish enterprise. Investors ought to 
hurry in their own interests, for the time is short. The enterprise 
promises to be a very profitable one; let the profit be enjoyed by Polish 

]i\irther details may be found in an advertisement in this paper. 





I D 1 a 

I D 1 b Dziennlk Chicacoski, Aug. 12, 1895. 



The unreasonable panic crippin^'^ larce and small capitalists in this country 
has communicated itself to the shareholders of building and loan associa- 
tions. It is felt in Polish associations of this kind also; never before 
has the v/ithdrawal of money been so general as at the present tine. Natur- 
ally, those who profit the most are the shareholders who do not succumb to 
the general fear and do not v;ithdraw their money; for the interest lost by 
withdrav/ing shareholders is divided up among those who remain. 

Some people justify their actions with the claim that they are unemployed, 
and, needing money, have no other course. This is a very unreasonable v/a^r 
of thinking. It would be far more profitable for them to use their shares 
as security for a loan at the very association in v/hich their money is in- 

,} . 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

I D 1 fl 

I D ! b Dzlennik Chlcagoskl , Aug« 12, 1893o 

Let us have hopes that now, when confidence is slowly returning and money 
is again circulating more freely, this panic among the shareholders of 
building and loan associations will also end* 


Dziennik Ghicagoski , July 15, lS9o. 
T..^ CI^iai!:.J. iV.^RTZ HILL 

ooLi) ::iN^ 
( ;.d V . ) 

A great gold mine, icno;vn as the Cri inal ,uartz Hill Gold iMine, vjas discovered 
last year in Slasta County, California, by tlie irdning en-ineer :.:odest Ivlaryanski . 
According to the estimates of coiiipetant metallurgists, t -is mine contains an 
enormous quantity of gold ore, assuring great profits to those who invest in it; 
in all probability, the original capital v;ill return as profit during the first 

For purposes of working this mine to its fullest possibilities, the Original 
.quartz Hill Oold Hining Company has been formed. This corporation received its 
charter from the State of Illinois on the seventh of this month, giving it the 
right to sell stock. 

Since a considerable portion of stock has already been sold, and since it i 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 


Dziennik Chicagoskl , July 13, 1893* 

desired that the remaining shares be distributed among Poles, our coiintrymen 
who wish to invest may apply to J. F. Smulski, secretary of the corporation, 
or to Judge M. A* La Buy, treasurer. The shares have a par value of one 
hundred dollars, while the price has been temporarily established at tv/enty- 
five dollars a share • 

7/hoever wishes to obtain shares at the above price must apply immediately, for 
the price will rise shortly. J. F* Smulski 's address is 565 Noble Street; 
Judge La Buy*s office is located at 581 Iv!ilwaukee Avenue. 

Board of Directors, Original Quartz Hill C^old Mining Company: ]i. Z. Brodowski, 
M. A. La Buy, Dr. K. Llidowicz, Peter Kiolbassa, Victor Bardonski, Marion Durski, 
Modest Maryanski, Leon Szopinski, John F. Smulski. 


Dziennik Chicagoski , Feo. 9, 1893. 


A new Polish building and loan association, the first in that part of the city, 
is being formed in St. Hedwig^s Parish. The matter has been undertaken by a 
group of parishioners, among whom are Lessrs. Armknecht and Lewandowski. 
A mass meeting will be held in the parish hall on February 12 relative to 
this matter. All those who desire to take part in this undertaking are asked 
to attend. 

II A 2 


Dziennik Chicagoski, Jan. 5, 1893* 

POLISH i^^vnoiiiU. BijiLDir:a .'.^u) lg.u: /issggiation 


The Polish N'^tional Building: and Loan Association opens its tv;entieth 
series on Friday, January 6, 1893. The fifth ye^r of the Association's 
existence already shov/s great profits for its stockholders, l.'e publish 
a quarterly statement of account so that everyone can see the steady progress 
of the Association, and the businesslike manner in v/hich the books are 
managed. 'Jeekly payments are tv/elve and one-half cents per share, l/e loan 
money on real estate at six per cent and a small v;eekly premium 



Dziennlk Chlcagoskl , Dec. 17, 1892. 


( Advert i sement ) 

A new Polish business enterprise, the Columbus Tea, Coffee and Butter Store, 

581 Milwaukee Avenue, was opened recently by F. Nalepinski* ^ 



II A 2 


Dziennlk Chicagoskl , Dec. 13, 1892. 


The Aug. Eordecki Building and Loan Association of South Chicago was in- 
corporated yesterday under the laws of the State of Illinois. The incorporators 
are F« X. Hydzinski, J. Szostakowski , and others. 


II A 2 


Dzlennik Chicagoskl . Dec* 12, 1892. 


Francis Smietanka, one of the outstanding Polish citizens of St. Adalbert 
Parish, has recently opened a large sausage manufacturing company at 703 
.Test 18th Street. 




IV Dzlennlk Chlcagoskl , Dec* 10, 1892. 


A Polish company is being organized to take over the permit given to Count ^ 
Lubienski to operate a Polish restaurant at the Columbian Exposition. Accord- ^^ 
ing to reports this company is to be incorporated under the laws of the State ^ 
of Illinois at a capital value of $25,000. These reports further state that Z^ 
the following individuals have taken ten shares of stock at a par value of ^ 
one hundred dollars: Peter Kiolbassa, Andrew Szulc, A. J. Kowalski, and 2 
F. Wleklinski. The following have subscribed for five shares of stock: 
Mrs. Barzjrnska, Andrew Kwasigroch, ^!r. Kobrzynski, ?. Arkuszewski, T. Krolik, 
Mr. Suwalski, IJr* Zalinski, M. Drzemala, and M. Mucha. Count T,ubienski»s 
share will be $10,000, or one hundred shares. At the present time the stock 
is being handled by F. Wleklinski, who is the acting treasurer. Shares are 
being sold at 25 per cent of their original value. 




II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 


IV Dzlennlk Chlcagoskl , Dec. 10, 1892. 

It appears that this Polish enterprise is being capitalized by private subscrip- 
tion. This is a deviation from the regular form, that is, an appeal for support 
before the company is organized. This company, however, is not asking for any 





Dzlennik Chicagoski . Nov, 22, 1892 • 

Michael Osuch has recently opened a new Polish grocery store in St. Hedwig 
Parish, The store is located at the corner of Kosciusko and Leavitt Streets. 




II A 2 


Dziennik Chicagoski ^ Nov. 4, 1892, 


A permit to operate a Polish restaurant at the V/orld*s Fair has been given to 
Henry Lubienski»«««.The restaurant will be located at one of the most beautiful 
places of the Fair grounds, next to the Palace of Pisciculture, near the shore 
of the boat harbor, and only separated by the road that leads to the most 
beautiful buildings on the Fair grounds, namely, Argentina's, Mexico's, 
Brazil's, Chile's, and England's pavilions. A $6,000 frame building, designed 
in the form of a typical hunters' palace will house the restaurant. Large 
verandas will surround the structure, the interior and exterior of which will 
be decorated with the Polish national colors and portraits of Kosciusko, Pulaski, 
and other national heroes. The waitresses will be girls dressed in typical 
Cracow costumes; a Polish orchestra will entertain the guests. The cuisine will 
be Polish and French. The liquors are to be chiefly Polish, including honey, 
Hungarian wine, whiskey, etc. Without doubt, the Polish restaurant will be a 
success. It will open on April 1, 1893. 

II A 2 POLiaff 

Dzlennlk Ohicagoskl , Oct. 19, 1B92. 


A n«w Polish hotel and saloon was opened by John liotrovski at 99 South Canal 
Street t across from the Union Depot* 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

II A 2 


Dziennik Ghicacoski , Oct. 5, 1892. 



P. Henry Rubinski has received a permit from the V/orld*s Fair Committee to 
operate a Polish restaurant on the Llidv/ay Plaisance during the V/orld's Fair 
in 1895. 



II A 2 




Dziennik Chicagoski, Sept. 22, 1892, 


(Advertisenent ) 

A great excursion to Kosciusko Park will take place Sunday, September 25. 
Eighty beautiful lots for residential and business purposes are for sale. 
The streets are leveled, the sidev/alks are completed, and shady trees are 
growing. This section of land is near the city limits. It borders on 
Llilwaukee, Forest, and Park revenues. A beautiful park, filled v;ith beauti- 
ful flowers and trees, v/ill grace this nev; subdivision. It is to be one 
hundred feet wide. These lots are at a high level and are thoroughly drained. 
They are situated close to the northwestern railroad and only a few blocks 
from the Calumet Tenninal railroad. Those who desire to purchase a site for 
their new home are reminded to do their buying now while prices are low. 

Thirty trains daily. Cnly twenty-five minutes to and from work. 
Four lots have been given free for a new Polish church and school 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 


II F Dziennil: GhiCag;oski, Sept. 22, 1892. 

Lots are selling frorn ^225 and up. All that is necessary is one tenth 
of this amount as down pa\'7nent, the balance to be paid at the rate of five 
dollars or more a month. 

The train leaves fron the '.7ells Street depot at 1:30, and at 1:40 P. !£. it 
leaves from the Clybourn Junction, Tickets, rr.aps, -nd other information are 
available at A. Gray, 77 Clark Street; J. Prange, 161 Blacldiawk Street; and 
A. J. Koxvalski, 617 Noble Street. Tickets .Tay also be obtained from the agents 
ten minutes before train time. 



IV , 

Dziennik Chicaroskl, Sept. 16, 1892. 


( Adv . ) 

The Fulaski Buildinc and Loan /association announces that its thirteenth series 
r'of stocks/ is now on sale. Those v/illin(^ to buy then should register their 
names with L.r. A. J. Kv;asirroch, secretary, 163 //. Blaclchawk Street, or cone 
to the meetings v:hich are held each Saturday evening at the office of A. Schultz, 
corner Blackhawk and Noble Streets. Our society, the books of which are 
expertly kept, is an efficiently managed permanent organization. Cne-hundred- 
dollar shares can be purchased at the rate of tv/elve and one-half cents per 
week. Terms on loans are very reasonable. 

Any person, no matter how poor, can purchase a few shares on easy terms, thus 
saving money for the future. Sign up today. 


Dziennik Chicagoski , Sept. 16, 1892, 


(Advertisement ) 
Lots in V/est Pxillman 

Lots in V/est Piillman can be purchased at a great advantage to the investor, 
as their prices are bound to shoot upv/ard very soon. 

Those who are in doubt are requested to go with us to view the factories, homes, 
improved streets, cement sidewalks, water mains, sewer systems, and trans- 
planted trees. 

The lots sell from ^350 to ^1,000 each; only ten per cent down and the balance 
on easy terms. 

These lots will double in value in a short time I 

V/est Pullman Land Association, 103 Dearborn Street 

II A 2 

- 2 - 


Dziemiik Chicagoski , Sept, 16, 1892. 

For further particulars and free passes, call at the office of C. Antoszev;ski , 
agent, (editor of Reform) , 701 V/, leth Street. 


III 3 4 
17 Dzien nik Chica-03:1, Aur. 10, 1^92. 

' Polish !!ational PAiildinr- and Lorin. A^soci?=tlon 

■ in Chicar-o, Illinois 

Building' and loan associations under the statutes of the State of Illinois 
have lonr^ existed anionr the Poles of Ghica^i^o. The main purDose of these 
associations is to rrant loans to the shareholders for the i^urchase of 
real-estate and for the construction of horaes. The resources are derived 
from the v/eekly or monthly dues, and depend on the number of shares bought. 
Usually, the loan made to the snareholder is not more than tivo-thirds the 
value of the home he is buildin^^^ on his ov;n rrounds. The buildinr associa- 
tion collects from six to ei--ht ^:ercont interest from the shareholder on 
this loan, alonr with the so-called "^remium v/nich is variable v;ith the size 
of the loan. The capital loaned is renaid to the association by means of 
these v/eekly or monthly rates on which is placed an interest charp-e and some- 
times a premium. 



III 3 4 

Dziennilc Ohica,-oski, i-^u :. 10, 13d2. 

Those who pay their dues re -ularl^ aiici do not na.:3 a loan save money 
in the saine way. As soon as the shares reach c noi.iinal value, the 
shareholder receives principal fron tiie association. On the other 
liand, for those v/ho have TLade a loan fruii the a.ssociation, tie debt is 

The earlier associations of a si.uiiar nature differed froii thesd in that 
they were moro profitable because, v/ith the exception of the secretary, 
no other officer was paid. Jesides this, the halls for neetin:;s were 
secured either free of char.;e or very reasonably. Therefore, the 
benefits were .greater anl the associations more prosperous. The associa- 
tions which collected tvjenty-five C'Bnts on ::. share were able to pay 
one hundred dollars for eac'i sn-'ire v;ithin five years and about two or 
three months. 

The first association amo:i'^ the "^oles to d3ci:.e u^on the collection of 
twelve • nd one-half cents a share was the Polish national iSuildin::; and 
Loan Association, founded in 1888. Accordin* to calculations, it would 

II A 2 

III B 4 

- 3 - 


Dziennik Chicagoski , Aug. 10, 1892, 

take about eight years for the shares to reach their par value of one 
hundred dollars. This duly incorporated association has been operating 
since April 6, 1888. New series are opened quarterly, at which time 
new shareholders may join the association. 

The first directors of this association were Messrs. M. Osuch, president; 
P. Binkowski, vice-president; LIT. Mor;^enstern, secretary; J. A. Adamowski, 
assistant secretary; A.J. Kowalski, treasurer; K. Szeszycki, ?.. LIeclev«ski, 
J. Klosowski, and L!. Rzeszotarski. The association secured a considerable 
number of shareholders, for in the first series over twelve hundred shares 
were. sold. 

After a year and a half, this association net with a catastrophe. The 
secretary, Morgenstern, upon losing his position after the conven- 
tion of the Polish National Alliance, disappeared with a few hundred 
dollars. Naturally, this created a panic among the shareholders, 


- 4 - 


Di;;iennik Chicaroskl, Auf. 10, 1892. 

althour!h the sum was comparatively small and, in any case, easily reDlace- 
able, since it v;as insured. The more broad-minded shareholders decided at 
a shareholders* meeting that the members of the association should cover 
this loss, for by so doin/:: the value of a share would depreciate only a 
small fraction of a cent — a loss v/hich no one would feel. In spite of this, 
many shareholders began to drop out and to v/ithdrav; their investments to 
such an extent thet v/ithin six months the association v;as unable to make any 
nev/ loans, at the same time beinr comrielled to pa^'- out the money for the with- 
dravm shares. 

'i W.F.A. Ij 

Thanks to the enerp-etic efforts of the president, !'r. !'. Osuch, an; other 
directors, and, as well, to the faith inspired by the new secretar?/, -^r. S. 
Szwajkart, and the new notary public, !'r. John ?. Smulski , the association 
survived this misfortune. Today it is pro^ressin,*^ nicely, with the eighteenth 
series alreadv opened, and a considerable rain showing in every nuarterly 
statement. In the first Quarterly series following the misfortune, at the 

II A 2 - 5 - PCTJSn 

III 3 4 

VI Dziennik Chicaposki, Aur. 10, 1892. 


most onlv about one himdrod to tv;o hundred share-^ v/ere sold, ivhereas in the 
sixteenth series this had increased to over 64C shares. --w-->^ 

The most inspiring facts are that, by the provisions of the nev; charter, 
the yearly accounts are sent to the "tate Auditor; and, also, the fact that 
this is the first buildinr association to do so. 

The present administration consists of I'essrs. ^'. Csuch, president; !^. 
l.Ieclewski, vice-president; 3. Szv;ajkart, secretary; F. Ronanowski, assistant 
secretary; T. ''alepinski, treasurer; J. Adamowski , K. Dorszynski, G» Litewski, 
J, Szterrner, and J, F. Smulski, the notary public. 

The loans made to the members during its four-year existence amounted to 
seventy thousand dollars. !"ew series are opened on the first Fridays of 
January, April, July, and Cctober, Regular meetings are held ever^r Friday. 
The address of the secretary is: S. Szwajkart, 141-143 ''Jest Division Street, 

II A 2 

Dziennik Chica.^oski , Aup,. 5, 1892. 



In the latter part of 1890, a t;roup of huntinf- entliusiasts conceived tlie idea 
of establishing a hunters' club. The chief oromoter vjas !.'• Durski, with 
the assistaince of Messrs. Broaowski, riotrov/sKi, Llarson, the t^J;o ^-kUgustynowicz 
brothers, and a few others. 

At the meeting, it v/as decided that at present there are not enough Nirrj?od 
adepts among Chicago Poles properly to develop their activities. Tlie idea 
was not neglected, however, and a resolution was agreed upon to broaden the 
club's field of activities, wiiich could be done by uniting pleasure with 
business. In view of this, a constitution was formulated on the basis of 
which all members of the Hunters' Club were obligated to purchase at least 
two shares in the building loan, irrespective of the ordinary twenty-five 
cent monthly dues. The funds derived from the payment of these shares were 
to be used to purchase a large tract of land. This tract was to be subdivided 

into either lots or farms which the Hunters' Club v;ould, after the American 

•: "^ K ^ .' 



II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 


Dziennik Chica^.oski, Aug. 5, 189 



custom, sell to small owners. In order to justify the inclusion of the 
oriiTinal motive in the name of the club, it ;vas decided to hold hunting 
and fishing excursions which the !nembers v;ere not obli::a-Ded to attend un- 
less they wished and had the time. 

On this basis, the Polish Hunters' Club wiS incorporated in January, 1891, 
at Springfield, Illinois. The administration consisted of the following 
officers: A. J. Ilowalski, president; .^ancis .;leklinsr:i, vice president; 
A. Szulc, treasurer; l:. I^urski, financial secretary; J. I. Ligdalski, re- 
cording secretary. J. Marson, T. Ostrowski and A. Kaletta were in charge 
of the treasury. ;/hen founded, the club had thirty-tliree members. 

In the beginning, T^^ile the customary ?olis:i enthusiasm v/as still glowing, 

the club held a number of fine excursions. :jIveryone busied himself with 

the search for more caoital v/ith a viev; of starting coiriinercial operations, /''-\ 

since this v;as the ambition of many members who had not been interested in ':p - ; 

hunting v;hen they joined the club. Shortly afterv;ards, this enthusiasm v/ore '.. '';^. " 

off and the oublic took on an attitude of indifference tov;ard the club, which <,_^^y 

II A 2 - 5 - POLISH 


Daiennik Chica.-:o3ki , Aur-. d, 1892. 

denended so much urjon its suo-oort for there v;as no other orjanization that 
involved a lar'::er real-estate business. A nimber of the Polish sales.T.en 
of lots v;ould not take into consideration the fact that by sellinf: their 
o;vn lots IsicJ they would please their custoners more and secure greater 
profits for themselves. Tlie public at lar.^^e shov-red very little interest, 
as evidenced by the fact that the hi'::h point in irieLibershiD \ms only forty- 

Meanwhile, many members have resicned, either for lack of tine, or because 
of departure from the city; a fev; nev; members have been initiated. The early 
ardor has deserted everyone, and v;ere it not I'or the strong; aeterminai-ion of 
a few administrators v/ho had faith in the alvanta^es of such an institution 
and v^ho also had hopes of breaking their fello;^ citizens' indifference, v;ho 
could tell v/hether or not this club .vould still exist? Thanks to the efforts 
of these men, hov/ever, the club is 'cro^xescinc; — even though at a snail's pace, — 
and vje hope that in the near future it vvill yield the lonred-for fruit. -'*"^'^ 

Justification of the title is still necessary, since most people have the ■ ; 

- 4 ' 







^ /\: ^ 

Dziennik Chica^:os>i , ^^m::. u, 18;. 2 • 


impression that in aidition tohuntin* the club has no other rield of ac- 
tivities, and I'or Lhat ./eason tiiey have ]cept aloof. The title probably ni.'^^ht 
be changed to 'h<eal--.sta-oe Corr.'.any*., and then undoubtedly '^he club v;ill in- 

crease Its inenioers.-ir;. 


Tae present adi.iinistration consists ol* oLaniey '\ i iotrov;shi, president; 

?. ./lehlinski, vice president; 1". 01coniev;shi, treasurer; LI. Jurshi, financial 

secretary; J. I, i.:i;:dals 'i, recordinc secretary; while J. l.jarson, II. Baranshi 

and ri. //leklinski are in charge of the treasury. 



• J 


Dzlennik Chlcagoski , July 6, 1892. 


On the 50th of Jime the Polish Hunters' Lodge corapleted a year and a half of 

its existence We shoiild be pleased -go acquaint our readers somev/hat with 

the activity of this lodge. 



Vfe referred to this organization several weeks ago in an article entitled *»l?hy -^ 
Don't lie Establish Associations?" Speaking about the small amount of interest 2 
taken by the public in this institution, we expressed our opinion, perhaps not 
with sufficient clearness, that Americans pay no attention to v;ho organizes an 
association but rather Inquire what prospects it possesses. 

In consequence of this statement we have been charged with knowing little 
about American conditions. That is possible; we will not deny this. We under- 
stand, however, very v;ell that no man, be he an American, a German, or a Jew, 
will approach an association to ishich he is encouraged by people of doubtful 
character. In the Hunters' Lodge, which we have discussed, there were no such 

1 J 

II A 2 - 2 - POLISH 

Dzlennik Chicagoaki . July 6, 1892* 

people, a fact which the names of citizens widely known here viill attest; and 
for that reason we expressed our thought in brief teiros, perhaps without suffi- 
cient clearness^ That, hoxvever, should not be considered as our fault. And 
then again, as in every society, so too in every lodge, among the good one can .2 
also find the evil; the lodges are nothing else than parts of societies • If, r; 
therefore, some one in a group of forty members sho\ild notice, let us say, f otir no 
to whom he would not intrust his savings, that still is not sufficient reason o 
to set an association like that aside without understanding its principles* co 
Every lodge enacts its lav/s in mass meetings where the majority of the members § 
decides • If this majority is free of charges against its character, then such ^ 
an association as that must be honest. It is another matter as to v;hether it 
is practical. One can find out about this partly by its constitution, partly 
by the nxanerous examples of other societies acting in the same manner. Oxir 
fellow citizens, again, do not investigate the foundation. Without considering 
the practical side of such an association, v/ithout in the least knowing its 
purpose, they pass judgment upon it casually and say. 

II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chlcagoskl , July 6, 1892* 

♦•Eh, v/hat is that to me? I already belong to one or two lodges from which I 

can obtain aid in the event of sickness; v/hy should I associate myself with ^ 

one that does not promise me a thing?" :5 



Because of such an attitude we constantly complain of the Jews that they abuse 
us, that they make fort\xnes on o\ir labor; but we do not endeavor to organize 
oiirselves into capitalistic associations, by the aid of which we could displace g 
every foreign trader €uuong us. The Hunters' Lodge has deterr.iined not to detract 
from a soundly established business but to add to it. Has it accomplished a 
great deal? Thus far, nothing, Vlhy? It did not find popular support. These S=J 
members who enrolled at the time of the organization of the lodge, either had 
no sincere purpose, or they had no time to be interested in this, and were it 
not for the strong will of a few and their faith in the usefulness of such an 
institution, who knows v/hether the Hunters V Lodge would exist today? 

Thanks to these few members, the organization still exists, and although slowly, 
not ^o rapidl^ as it should, it grows and develops. Thus far it has made no 

II A 2 - 4 - POLISH 

Dzlennik Chicagoski , july 6, 1892. 

business transactions because of lack of funds, and despite this the members ^ 

have lost nothing; on the contrary, they have gained more than if they were to ^ 

place their money directly in the building and loan banks* We say Mirectly** -^^ 

because thus far the Hunters^ Lodge also invests its funds directly in the r; 

building and loan banks, but the lodge does not lose a thing by the withdrawal -o 

of individual members, whose shares it continues to pay from its own funds. o 


The small nmaber of members, as we have previously stated, has not perEiitted § 
the association thus far to \mdertake any larger operations. That is too badl ^ 
The lodge has had offers in the last half year on which it could assure its 
members up to fifty per cent profit, even with the small capital which it 
possesses. It did not want to dip into doubtfvil matters because it did not wish 
to lose the confidence of the members. 15ie entire activity under such condi- 
tions had to be limited to receiving the savings and investing them in a build- 
ing and loan bank. 

We have hopes, however, that in the future, as time goes on, the lodge will 

II A 2 - 5 - POLISH 

Dziennlk Chicagoski , July 6, 189 2. 

grow and develop* 

There still is time to correct the evil which the idleness of our compatriots •^:' 

has caused* Trading in real estate is not yet finished* I'any of our com- ^' 

patriots and many strancers could purchase from us instead of from Germans and '^ 

Jews; it is only necessary to make su3?e that we have something to sell* I7e can C 

attain this only by the compilation of small amounts of capital because there ^ 

are no millionaires among us. V/e do not wish to talk our readers into enrolling 2 

in the Hunters' Lodge by this article; we only ask of them to become better '.o 

acquainted with its aim* Ci; 


Tomorrow, that is, on Thursday, June 7, at 7:30 P* L:*, a semiannual meeting will 
be held at llr* A* J. Kowalski's hall at 617 Noble Street* Let all those who 
desire organization work among us come to this meeting. There the activities 
of the last heilf year will be read; those who are interested will be able to 
read the constitution, and those who have something to inquire about will be 
informed* They themselves v/ill decide the rest* It is possible that the 

II A 2 - 6 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chicacoski , July 6, 1892. 

Hunters* Lod^e has not developed properly thus far because its members have not 

advertised its oualities loudly, as have the other associations; they did not -^, 

promise gold mines to their shareholders. But the members of the Hunters' Lodge ^ 

have alv/ays held to this principle, that it is not necessary to praise the good, F^ 

and they v/ould consider it an insult to themselves to induce some one to become C 

a member. The only fault of this organization v/as this, that it did not make ;§ 

itself known to a wider populace, and for that reason it vegetates, Eo;vever, 2 

we nov; have hopes that it v;ill change for the better, and that we shall find ^ 

that such articles as "The Causes of Our National Stagnation" are not ignored. ^ 
y/e shall shov/ that patriotism consists not only in conducting exercises and 
practicing elocution but also in organized v;ork. 

(Signed) Not-An-Qmega. 



ZKoda, Vol* II, No* 20, May 18, 1892 n.r .', :,.;.,, •,, . 

LOCAL riHr-.^s 

Mr» Joseph Guzo\7sk:i is tryinc to secure a patent for his invented barrier 
for the opening of bridges over canals or rivers* The arreuigement is simple 
but perfect* Opening the bridge causes the closing of the barrier v;ithout 
any assistance of any kind 

II A 2 


Dziennik Jhicagoskl , Apr. 25, 1892. 


Henaan Bonski was granted a permit to erect a one story green-house on 
the Northeast corner of V/estern Avenue and Ridge road. Cost $3,500, 


Dziennik Giicagosk l, Apr, 19, 1892. 


A permit issued to Fred Ranski to build a tvjo-story building at 
93i Thirty Tliird Street; cost $2,500. 

/ ' \ 


II A 2 

i C 

Dziennik 3hi ca_g_oski, Jan. 19, 1892. 




t a special neetinr; of stoclz-holders of the ^'ilv/aiji:ee Avenue State BanlCi 
three Polish directors v;ere added yesterday. This session also broU:£-ht 
about an entirely new policy of this ?;ell-knovm banlcing institution of the 
near northv/est side. 

The Polish directors are: John Schemann, !'-.A. La Buy, and John Sraulski. 
This has brou'-:;lit the total nunber of directors to tvielve. The others are 
as follows: Jolin P. 'lanson, ?. H. Herhold, 'Tillia^. Johnson, A. 0. Lausten, 
John T'^cOlaren, Thos. "r. I'orris, Paul 0. Stensland, and Soren D. Thorson. 

Officers of the bank are: Paul C. Stensland, president; .Andrew G. Lausten, 


\ y / 

II A 2 . 2 - POLISH 

I C 

Dzlennlk Chicagoskl . Jan. 19, 1892. 

vice president; Chas. E. Schlytern, cashier; and Donald L, Morrill, 

The Poles are well represented in the stocldiolding roup. Out of forty- 
nine stockholders, sixteen of them are Polish, namely; Victor Bardonski, 
Max A. Drezmal, Anthony Groenwaldt, Albert Jendzejek, Peter Kiolbassa, 
Jeseph Kowalski, Miss A. La Buy, M. A. La Buy, I. P, Mikitynski, P. P* 
Okoniewski, Julian Pischke, John Schermann, Stanislaw Slominski, John F. 
Smulski, Frank V/leklinski, and John H. Xelowski. 

This bank was formerly a private concern, under the direction of Paul 0* 
Stensland and company. It has become well-known to the Poles of this 
section of town. Many of them have been doing business here for years. 



II A 2 - 3 - POLISH 
I C 

Dziennlk Ghicagoskl , Jan. 19, 1892. 

The Milwaukee Avenue State bank is located at Milwaukee Avenue and 
Carpenter Streets 


Dziennik Ohica.goski > Jan. 19, 1892, 



The Polish-AmericaD Printing Association, equipped vath the latest 
printing machinery and system, usln^ slcilled labor, is qualified to do 
various kinds of pubiishinf^ with the least possible cost and in the 
shortest time^ 

It specializes in doing printing work for Polish societies in the 
Polish, German, i:]n^:lish, and other Ian aia.::es. 

Jubilee books, annuals, and various other books and -oamphlets are 
printed at reasonable rates. Those desiring any v;ork to be done in 

II A 2 . 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Qhicac?:oski . Jan. 19, 1892. 

this field vjill ^et prompt attention if they communicate vath the office 
01 i?*aith and Nationality, 141-143 V/est Division Street, in person or by 

...1 .n, ^s j 


IIA 2 

I D 1 a 


.<'^"-^-\ ■ 
Z;-;oda , Vol. IX, No. 39, Sept. 24, 1890 (:;'i : • x^ 

Tovm NHJ/zs 'v:__,r/' 

Last week our reporter visited a picture frame company, owned by operated 
by a true Pole, Mr. Anthony Sowinski, located neur Green St. 

It is without a doubt the largest Polish factory in ilmerica. It consists 
of one hundred fifty-five workers, all Polish. The net profit of this factory 
is over ^200, 000 a year. 

II A 2 



\ Pil 

».♦/ t 

2GUDA Oct. 31, 1883 Vol. 7 No^44 vti>. (;. 


Y/hoever passes "by the streets, in the neighborhood of Milwaukee 
and Noble Street, must have noticed the Polish business establish- 
ments going out of business while others not only stay in business 
but manage to make nice profits. The Poles, are forced to close 
their establishments, because they cannot meet their expenses. 
When you pass some of v.^e stores you will be dragged in by the arms 
and find yourself in the hands of a Jew and bidding for some article 
that you mej/ need. But never fear he will meet your price. Many of 
our Poles, especially the women folks, claim they have saved money 
by their ability of how to ••Jew dowi*^» 

Naturally our Polish business men do not use this method, although 
their prices are not any higher than the Jews, and don't seem to prog- 
ress in their trade. 

Page 2 POLISH 

l\^ ^ Zgoda . Oct. 31, 1888. Vol. 7. No. 44. 

We should "be ashamed of ourselves, that we take our hard earned 
money to the others, instead of to our Polish "business nan* 

The Jew or German would never aid a Pole, if he were in need, and 
not one cent would he give for Polish affairs, although from the 
Poles he manages to secure his wealth* So then for this reason we 
wish you would patronize your fellow-countryman and not others* 

A. Vocational 
3. Aesthetic 

a. Arts and Handicrafts 

II A 3 a 


Narod Polski . Vol. VI, No. 20, May 14, 1902 

"Local News." 

The religious art painter Ur.Jan Czajkowski is finishing a painting 
representing Christ on the Cross which will be placed in the main altar 
of the St. George church where Rev. Krawczunas is the pastor. 


Dsiemiik Ghicai':oski , Dec. 6, 1893, 

^ 1^ J ■ 1 T ~ -T ' ' 


In i.j:s. Liloiainslci's v/orkshop v;e have seen two beautiful banners — one for the 
St. Barbara Society of St. Stanislaus -Costka Parish, the other for the St. John 
Cantius Society of St. Joseph Parish in Town of Lake. Tlie first has an image 
of St. Barbara on one side and on the other the beheading of this Saint. On 
one side of the St. John Cantius Society banner is an imace of this Saint and 
on the other Christ on the Cross. 

The banners are richly embroidered in cold. Besides these, Its. Slominski is 
making many other banners for various societies in Buffalo, Detroit, and other 


II A 3 a 


Dziennik Chicagoski , July 25, 1895. 


Mr* Juszczenc, a Pole living on West Division Street, has just coinpleted a 
very remarkable piece of work* He has constructed an occasional table of 
6,235 pieces of wood v/ithout the use of a single nail or a bit of glue. 
It is a very beautiful and original piece of work. Persons who would like 
to buy it, can apply to Dziennik Chicagoski for further information. 


A, Vocational 
3« Aesthetic 
h. Music 



II ^ 5 b POLISH 

Folonia, Oct. 4, 1936, Vol. VII, No. 39. ^M^ f .) PROJ. 3027S 


nB v;ill have a school of music in 3outh Ghicaco headed by the roles, '.^e need 
such a school for some tLn-.e* Our young people take music lessons at any 
second TLite school, uind later doubting their ability give up their instruments, 
for instance piano, for v/hich the parents paid a good price. In order to serve 
not only Polish but also -r^erican public, our lOpular musician, Mr. Adam 
Urbanek, v/ho is well Qualified, in co-operation v;ith a first class musician 
decided to establish a first class school of music under ohe name of Calumet 
dchool of music. The faculty v/ill have professional musicians v/ho vjill teach 
all instruments. Those interested in music please call at rolonia^s office. 

II A 3 b 'i>i'<- (iv-L: ^rV. ■■^rV'Ji 

II B 2 f Dziennik Zjednoczenia , March 17, 1928, 


Joseph E, Chapek, the well - knoivn violinist, was born in Chicago, and received 
his musical education here, under the direction of his father. Professor Joseph 
H, Chapek, eminent violin pedafrogue^ He ^rew up in an atmosphere of music, and 
as a young boy was noted for his artistic violin r)laying, appearing as soloist in 
many concerts and recitals. 

He became professor of violin at the Chicago Conservatory of JAisic and later, at 
the Chapek music conservatory, 3350 Broadway, Chicago. Mr. Chapek spent the 
seasons of 1926 and 1927 in Euroine, where he devoted his time to further study; 
appearing as soloist in some of the principal cities. Professor Otokar Sevcik^ 
of the Budapest conservatory^ said: "He is an excellent violinist and a remarkable 
teacher." Professor Henry Feld of the Prague conservatory of Music highly 
complim.ented Mr. Chapek' s excellent technique and said that in the study of his 
concert repertoire he disT)layed great talent and musical understanding. 

On Wednesday evening, March 28th, at 8:00 P.M., Mr. Chapek will be heard in a 
violin recital at the Kimball Hall, 306 South Wabash Ave. 


IL-^'LL. Dziennik Zjednoczenia, ! 'arch 8; 1928. .,, . .^^ __ 
II B 3 f ■' " -M- OIL; r,^n, :^v27i 

^^ ^ ^ A? A FCLIS^^ A^>^IST»S I •ITZLLZC :'^;AL y'^.iST F.A. SK.^SZI'S ^''ENniS 

Af^ yet the dee^ feelin.^ of a'nt)reciati'"-n did not wear off for those vfho v;ere 
mresent at the new nnj)?icpl "nroduction, T^ne ench.antin^ tones "oenetrated the hearts 
ana souls of everyone, held a reverent silence, while the flicker of the candles 
in their old-fashioned candelabnims fad^^d in awe of tlie hewitchinrT musical strains. 
As the enchanting strains flowed throu^-^h this auditoriun filled with sr)ell"bound 
listeners, the audience wos filled with wondernent at life and its many T^assin?'^ 
trials. Truly, nothing adds to life, nor soothes nnre readily the pains of 
existence, the desire of the sririt, or the call to love, than do the charns of 
tones from the magic hands of an artist on his instnament. During the concert 
the audience discovered the arranger of the^-e caT)tivating compositions at his 
heloved instninent, the miano, where he nlayed t'^rou'^hoi'it the concert; leaving 
the air filled with his aei"t technioije, whic"-. is equal to that of artists who "~" 
have alreary reached their 1 eip^ht of fane. 

Anong the Fi^^lsh artists wh.o -nerforrea at this concert were: ?-ichael V^ilkonirski 

and George. Smialski. These concerts, or musical exatlierings are concucted hy 
^Indrew SJcsJski at the'Ror^sjiy Cluh," 36Bellewe Place to a select groun of persons. 














I H 

I ( 



Dziennik Z,iednoczenia, ''arch 8, 1923. ; :-•,:•".. ^n 

At these concerts i-ather only the artistic elite, v/ho are esi^eciaMy invited "by 
the orr?:anizers. This ir not a financial f-nterprise; hut is given for the benefit 
of only those who love and an^rpciate the innortal cla^'sics. Under the direction 
of !.'r, Skalski, the difficult as well as the nore pooular classics are Dlayed. 
r.'any of the selections "nlayed at tliese concerts are selcom heara in tlie lar^e 
concert halls, because of their difficulty ?^n(i the Ipxk of unaerstr^nding among the 
.general public of such artistic works, Mr. S'.ralski is the central fi-rure of these 
festivities ana is reg^xraeci son-what as a saint coverec. v;ith .'-arlands, who, with 
his successful talents, lifts t-ie name of Poland into r)roninence in Great "Britain 
and America, ''r. Skalski has also cone ct-a an OT^eTa in London. 

Skalski 's musical career has talcen hin over man\ stran£*e ro:-:.ds of which interesting 
tours he often sT)ecJ<:s. At ores'^nt he is the liead of the Shenvood Musical School 
in Chicago. Here he virtually lifted the Polish spirit tov;ard the goal of 
arrireciation of the finer things of Poland to such a degree that we nov/ cr^v. p:cT^ress 
ourselves, in o\ir ottti way, with the great dreamers and creators on this earth in 
8."nr>reciation of such efforts. The Sherv/ood ^'usical School is renuted to-be one of 
the best musical in^^ti tutions in the country. V/e are-oleased to say that I'r. Skalski, 

J. OJJ J. kJIi. 




II 3 






I G 


\^ '• 


Dr:ien .;ik ZJ eciioc?enir: , I:a.rch 8, 1928. 


v7ho is a learned individual, nrrver fails to stir the rolish atrosr-here a^:on^ 
his associates where and v^henever an o-nportrnity ^resents itself, visin? his 
np^tive ton^njie v/hen^^Vr-r "pofrible. It i? a known fact >hat, as an artist; nanely, 
as a Tiusical cirector, he v:ill leave behind hin the irrnortal recorci of t}:e Polish 
character and fare. 

In the historv of the "Sherwood ''usical School" there will he a vivid T)a;-e /dven 
to a Polish nane on which will orilli-ntly shine the letters descrihin.T the 
r^reatness end love of the '^ost subline ^:sic: Andrew Shalski, 


II A 5 b 

Dziennik Chicagoski , Jan. 7, 1928 • 


The first day of the !:e.v Year was started in -^rand style at the Illinois 
College of -Viusic and Dramatic Art, v/hich is under the direction of Marion 
3. Rozycki. A special entertainment program apropos the holiday season 
vxas given, a capacity croivd attended the festivities despite the severity 
of the weather. Parents, children, follov/ers, and teachers filled the hall 
at liicker Park, on Sunday evening. 

The musical program was opened by the youni* string orchestra, under the 
direction of ivlrs. v:anda Simbor-I/Ianke, which played Schubert's ''liarch 
Militaire." The second number on the program was the presentation of the 
scenic epilogue "A Scouts Trip to fairyland." The students of the school, 
both boys and ^irls, took part in the play. The stage and musical direction 
was handled by Miss Leokadja Ziemba. She not only showed that she was an 




II A 5 b - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chicagoski , Jan. 7, 1928. 

able director of the orchestra but also a talented stage director. The 
amateurs gave their best. The orchestra gave a splendid rendition of their 
numbers throughout the play. Their harmonious tunes added color to the 
songs of the singers on the stage. A gr^'at hand v/as given to both at the 
conclusion of trie play, a silver cup was presented to !.!iss Zieinba by the 
college. Incidentally, this was her first /or debut/ appearance as a 
music director. 

During the course of the play Miss Ziemba recited Barclay* s beautiful 
verse "The 7/heels of Time.*' A monologue ^vas executed in professional 
style by lliss L» Rozycka. The title was "The Cullud Lady on the Phone." 
It was given in humorous and rapturous style. Another monologue was 
presented by Miss A. Rozycka, it was "The "^"oungest in the Family." All 
received generous applause, 

"Around the Christmas Tree" by Tobani was the next musical number to be 
played by the orchestra, under the baton of Miss Ziemba, 



II A 3 b - 3 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chicagoski , Jan. 7, 1928 • 

The final number on the program v:a3 a dramatic sketch, "The Neighbors,^ 
which was also given by the students. 

After the prosram I.!rs. £. Jensen v;a3 honored with a silver cup for her work. 
I.!r3. Jensen ./as the piano accompanist throughout the evening. 

At the very close, !i£r. Rozycki, the director of the school, came out on the 
stage and thanked the entire audience for their support and cooperation in 
making the New Year's program a success. He announced that the school has 
initiated something new in its annals. Hereafter, every Saturday afternoon, 
beginning at four P.M. parents are free to bring their children to attend 
special programs at 2021 North VJestern Avenue. A variety program will be 
presented each week without cost. He then told the people that a polonaise 
about the Christmas tree will be given in honor of the children attending 
the school, and later, for the parents and guests. Santa Claus will present 
a gift to all, he concluded. 

Gifts were also given to the contestants who competed in the voice contest. / ^ 

,c ■■■<, 


II A 5 b - 4 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chicagoski , Jan. 7, 1928. 

First prize v/ent to Uiss Bellinger, who received a diamond ring. Miss 
Florence Oantz, the runner up, was also given a diamond ring. Others 
received expensive bracelets, electric lamps, etc. 

The affair as a v/hole was packed to the brim with entertainment. All 
enjoyed a memorable evening. At the end of the prograri most of the 
younger people stayed to take r>art in the dance, v/hich climaxed the 
festivities of the evening. Music was furnished by II. S. Rozyoki, son 
of the director of the Illinois College of Music and Dramatic Art, and 
his Illinois Collegians. 

Thanks must be extended to I.Ir. Rozycki, his wife lelen, the school 
faculty, and the entertainment committee, including Miss Ziemba, for 
planning and producing such a splendid prograia for the public. 

II A 3 b 


II B 1 d 





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fc ,' 

^ r-'^ 


V ''• 



Dziennlk Zjednoczenia , Nov, 10, 1937. 


Anthony Kawalkowski, son of Mr. and Mrs. John Kawalkowski of 5347 Leland Ave., is to 
be congratulated on being selected as a nember of the Chicago Civic Orchestra. This 
organization is under the drection of Mr. Frederick Stock conductor, and Mr. Eric 
Delamarter assistant conductor of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. Its purpose is to 
prepare people, who already have mastered an instrument, to qualify as players for 
the symphony orchestra^ 

Mr. Kawalkowski, graduated from Crane High school last June, and since then, has been 
devoting all of his time to music. He already has several pupils, and we hope that 
the number will increase so that this promising young musician may devote himself to 
music exclusively. Mr. Kawalkowski played last Sunday" evening, at the reception given 
in honor of Mr. Alexander Brahocki. Many members of the Polish Arts Club and their 
friends were present at this reception which was given at the home of the Misses 
Hyacinth and Agnes Glomski, 

Among others on the program, were Miss Blanche Kula and young Miss Wojciehowski, 
pupils of Mr, Brahocki, 

^-^ -^ -^ ^ Dzirnni^: Z.iednoczenia, Oct. P7, 19.?7. 

IV ^ vv?A (ll L.; F RO; . 3U27^ 


On next Sv-ndav evenin/r, Oc to'ber 30, 1927, a .^rand concert will be given at Schoenhofe 
Hall at ?'ilwaukee and Ashland Aven'jes. V.any fanous Polish Artists of Chicago will 
participate in this concert, end eGr)ecially Krs. Sonhia I'az^irkiewicz, a dramatic 
sorraiio, and nember of the United Polish Society of Amrrics^ Also a^^earing will be 
the world- kno\7n piajiist and coniDOser ^'r, i'iecer-laus Ziolkowski* 

It is with rleasure, that ^^:e announce the aforenentioned concert, which will be an 
artistic attraction, and a r:)leasant treat for lovers of riOod music and song, Pollowin 
the concert, there will be dancin.^ to the music of a very good orchestra. 

We are invitin:"- the Poles in Chicago and vicinity to attend this concert, and to 
soend a pleasant evening vgetting acouainted with oiir famous Polish Artists. 

A v/xfx«^n 

II A 3 b -^ 

jy Dzlennlk ZJednoczenlat October 6, 1927. <;'< "^>,^ 


ffe are about to hear the Polish artist Mr, Mieceslaus Ziolkowski who has Just 
arrived in America from Poland* His concert in Kimball Hall is sponsored by €Ui 
American producer. Bertha Ott« 

The unusual programs have attracted the attention of critics who recognized the 
tsilent displayed at our concerts. At the conclusion of Mr* Paderwski's performance, 
at the University of Poznan, he requested the Polish artist, Mr, Meceslaus Ziolkowski, 
to play his own composition. 

Mr, Paderwski's enthusiasm for the composer Mr, Meceslaus Ziolowski was beyond 
measure. The maestro invited the young musician to his magnificent villa in Merges, 
Switzerland, trhere music was discussed for hours, 

Mr, Meceslaus Ziolkowski will appear in a series of concerts, which mark the im- 
planting of Polish culture in the United States. We are delighted to share this 
news with our readers, who are proud of their Polish name. 

In future editions, we will publish, without exception, all unusual criticisms of 
our great poet pianist. We are exceedingly happy to know that the lovers of music 
in our society are interested in the unusual talent of this Polish artist* 

^ .' 


Dziennlk Zjednoczenla , Aug. 4, 1927, 


Our second annual Concert of Polish Music at Ravinia Park is next Sunday, Aug. 7th^ 
at 3 P.M. Madam Janina Burska will sing three songs by Stanislavs-Niewladomskl and, 
of course, a few encores. Miss Elconora-Koskiewicz will play several selections by 
Chopin and other composers. The Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Mr. Eric-Delamarter 
conducting, will play a program of music by Polish composers. The opera scheduled 
for the evening is Rigoletto. 

As the Polish Arts Club must pay for the 1000 admission tickets to Ravinia Park by 
Aug. 7th/ we would appreciate it if we could receive a check for one or more tickets 
from members and friends who are planning to be there on Aug. 7th, or on any day 
before the end of the concert and ot)era season on Sept. 5th. The tickets which you 
will receive are good - for one admission-on any day throughout the season. We are 
not allowed to offer tickets for sale at the entrance, so your order would be appreciated 
by return mail. 

Tickets are on sale at Preyss or Lenard*s restaurant, at the Home Bank, window #l^or 
the Northwestern Bank^Poreign Exchange Dept. and at the Division St. Y.M.C.A. You 
can also receive them by mail, by sending a check for the number of tickets desired 
to Mrs. Irene-Rusocka, 2526 N. Kedzie Blvd., Phone - Sr>aulding 1346 after 6 P. M. 

•:- •-. POLISH 

11 A 3 b -3- A > 

Dzlennik Zjednoczenia, Aug. 4, 1927, ■' ,y 

Information can also be obtained from T. Sle*5zynski, Phone - Brunswick 3000, from 
9 to 4 P. M* For the concert all seats in the auditorium are free. Children iinder 

12 are admitted without charge "before 4 P. M. If you desire reserved seats for the 
op era^ telephone Rogers Park^9112. 

The last train on the Northwestern Railroad that will reach Ravinia Park in time for 
the concert, leaves the Madison St. station at 1:50^ Chicago time, and the Clyboum 
station (Ashland and Cortland St.) at 1:58; city time* A special round trip ticket 
costs $1.00. 

The last train on the North Shore Electric which arrives at Ravinia in time for the 
concert, leaves the Adams & V/abash station at 1:48, city time, and Wilson Ave. 
station at 2:10, city time. Other trains leave every 15 minutes. A special round 
trip ticket, including admission to the park, cosfe $2.00, but the admission tickets, 
purchased from the Polish Arts Club are accepted by the ticket agents at $1.00. 
Parties of five can purchase a 10 ride ticket at Wilson Ave., for $2.85, which makes 
the roxind trip fare per person less than .60 cents^ Ten-trip tickets from the Adams 
St. station cost $4.16« 

Those traveling by auto can reach Ravinia Park by way of Sheridan or Green Bay Road. 
If you wish to avoid the ravines above Clencoe, you can turn West into Green Bay Road 


II A 3 b -3- 


i> \ 

r^-' 'A 

Dzlennik ZJednoczenia » Aug. 4, 1927. j : ^<)f^ 

at the brick water tower in Glencoe, and reach Ravinia from the West, where parking 
space is better. 

The Eavinia Park Opera and Concert Season continues xrntil Monday, Sept. 5. Please 
purchase all admission tickets (good any da^) through the Polish Arts Club. 

II A 3 b 

Dzlennlk Zjednoczenia, April 11, 1927. 

THE OPERA THE HAUNTED MANSION ''''^ ^'--) fl^Cj .'/.^ 

Poles of Chicago and vicinity have been promised an xinusual musical production, with 
beautiful scenes, presenting a renowned singer, and a company of eleven solists. 
It will truly be, a musical extravaganza, because we will witness the opera of the 
immortal Pole Stanislaus Honiuszko, "The Haunted Mansion", in three acts and five 

The Poles of Chicago were successful in inducing the famous Polish basso, Mr. Adam 
Didur, to come to America and take the leading role in this great operatic work. 
The ngtme of Mr. Didur Is well-known throughout America, even though this is his 
first appearance in this country. This program will be held on May 2, 1927, at 
the Ashland Boulevard Auditorium, at Van Buren and Ashland Boulevard. 

The opera, "The Haunted Mansion" by Moniuszko, does not need publicity. It has been 
staged successively for the past thirty years in Poland, and it shall continue in 
its aT>t)earance, for it is the work of the immortal Moniuszko. A cast of 50 neoDle, 
tutored and directed by Adam Didura, will appear on the T^rogram; they will arrive 
from New York on a special train. Artists who will participate in the program are: 
Marja Bogucka, Teodozia Bandycz, Salom.ea Zbytniewski, Walter Grigajtys and John 

!^ ^>^ V \ - ; 
II A 3 b Dziennik Zjednoczenia, March 26, 1927.\- > 

IV ^ — ^^ 


On Sunday March 27, 1927, at 3:30 P.M. Mr. Meceslaus Ziolkowski, Trill make his 
second appearance in America at Schoenhofen Hall. The concert will present the 
following selections of Chorin, Paderewski, and Liszt. 

Sonata in B flat minor, opus 35 - Chopin. 

Grave, Doppio Movemento, Scherzo Iferche Punehre, Finale, Presto. 

Valse in A flat major - Chopin • 

Cracovienne Pantastique - Paderewski. 

Erl-Koenig — Schubert Liszt. 

12th Rhapsodie — Liszt. 

The entertainment committee is composed of many prominent Poles of Chicago, who 
are inviting the public of Chicago and vicinity to attend this concert, and enjoy 
the music of Mr. Ziolkowski. 

II A 3 b 


II B 1 d 

Dziennik Zjednoczenia, Feb. 18, 1927. 



V } 




C0MP0siTi0!:s or chofi:: ai^d pal;ehev/ski oi: syi.pkoky orckzstra proghai.: 

At the suggestion of the Polish Arts Club, !'r, Frederick Stock, conductor of the 
Chicapp '^^^TTiDhony Orchestra, hrs arranged a r^rogran of comr^ositions by Cho"oin and 
PadereT/ski, including also, several Slavonic cor.rjosers, such as Schanvenka and 
Hachnaninoff for the concert on Thursday, I'arch tenth, when our own Eleanor 
Koskiewicz will appear as soloist. 

This is the first tine such recognition is given a y^mh^, Polish American artist, 
and to our Polish composers, by the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. 


♦ t 

II A 3 T) 

Dziennlk Zjednoczenia , Fe"b. 8, 1927. 


Miss Eleanor Koskiewicz, the promising yoiing pianist, will ap-oear as the soloist at 
the Popular Concert of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra on Thursday evening, ferch 10th, 
1927 at Orchestra Hall. Miss Koskiewicz was selected through a competitive recital 
at which many other accomplished young pianists took part» 

Mr. Frederick Stock, the conductor has promised to pla;^" selections by Polish 

II --^ 2 ^ 

Dziennik Z.iednoozenia , Vol. VI, TJo . 181, Aug. 4» 1926. 


aOCD OrrORTUI^ITY FOR PCLIi:;!] YOUT^^ WPA (iLi...} ^^;^r :. J^^/L 


The well known school of fnusic, the Gunn School of Llusic and Dramatic Art in 
Chicago, announces that kiss lU GlouiSka, teacher oT tliat school, Las determin- 
ed to grant a free course of study on the piano daring the season l$26-1927t 
comprising forty private lessons on how to play the piano to the boy or girl 
student oT Polish descent, who, in a public examination aeraonstrates the most 
ability in piano playing. The one who wins that privilege will receive a double 
benefit - not only the study of piano under the direction of a highly capable 
instructor, but likev/ise, relations in the world of rr.usic which are given by 
such a well kno^.vn school, and which is supported by great artists. 

Liiss II# Glomska has worked herself up ys a first-class artist in Chicago. She 
acquired her vide routine in a musical education under the direction of many 
of the most prominent and most skillful American teachers, including Leon Sowerby 
and Glen Dillard Gunn, the well knov/n critic on music and distinguished pedagogue, 
also presi'jnt oT the above mentioned school. It is only proper to add that 
Biss Glomsla iias attended the Universities of Northwestern and Chicago, the Art 
Institute oi Jhioago, and is e graduate of the Chicago Normal College. She has 
also taught in the Medill High School, and at present is a teacher in the Lake 

II A 3 b - 2 - POLISH 

Dzlennlk Z.iednoozenia t Vol, VI, No, 181, Aug, 4f 1926. 

^ ^ ^*w 

View High School; and in this capacity, she has directed many successful operatic 
presentations. As a result of such an extensive routine, she is unusually 
capable in the application of the scientific pedagogy of music. 

II A 5 b 

Dziennik Z.'edrioozenia ^ Vol. VI, No* I76, ouly 29, 1926. ^^^ 




For the first tirr.e since the orr.anization of Raviiiia pGrk, over fifteen vears 
ago, Polish ii.usio and Polish songs vvill be hcord by the n.any hundreds of rrusic 
lovers who gather there every Sunday afternoon during the suriner concerts and 
opera season. 

'iVery good American citizen of Polish birth -^r extraction v/ho can afford the 
small expense ($2 including railroad fare), should try to attend on the after- 
noon sponsored by the Polish Arts Club; because if the number of tickets guaran- 
teed by the Club is not sold, such a program .;ill never be arranged again as the 
management of the Ravinia Company v/ould say, "You Poles are not interested in 
your own music" • 

The first number on the orchestral program 7;ill be Richard 'Yagner's inspiring 
intermezzo "Polonia", which is based on familiar Polish themes; "Poland is not 
Dead Yet", and many others. Compositions by paderewski and other Polish com- 
posers will follow. Finally, our own Janina Burska, (Line. Ina Bourskaya) of the 
ketropolitan Opera of New York, will sing three son.^s - one by Zelenski, another 
by Noskowski, and the third by Kosobudzki. 

- 2 - POLISH ^.. 

Dzienriik Z.ledaoQzenia , Vol. VI, Mo. I76, July 29* 1926. /;^ 

If v;e are there one thousand strong, there no doubt wi"!! be r.any enoores* v -^ '■> 

J-'^ you do not have a ticket as yet, be sure to get oxi^ for only $1, which in- 
cludes adu.ission to the park and concert auditorium. 

II A 3 b 

III B 4 


Anonyinous - "The relish Singers* Alliance Convent icn^, Chicago 
Society l;ev>rs (Monthly), Vol. Ill, ICo. .?, uctober 1924. p. 6. 

Simultaneously with our Get-together and Jubilee, the i^olish Singers' 
Alliance v;ill celebPcite the thirty-:'i:*th anrxiversary o" their existence 
on October 12 and 13 in the orchestra Mall, Chicat.c. ^he crowning 
event of this anniversary and convention v/ill be a grand concert of 
seven hundred voices, rendereu by neMbers of the Singers' Alliance not 
including a number of other distinguished soloists. 

Mr, Joseph Florian liikolajewski, -ell known opera singer will render a 
baritone solo; violin solo by Llelin; L'iss Teodora VVisniewska of Los 
Angeles, Gal., renowned for her wonderfully cultured voice among Poles 
and Americans alike, v;ill sing a solo; Mr. Baluta, well knov:n pianist 
will also participate. The cone* rt will be directed by the Director- 
Ck^neral of tiie rolish Singers* Alliance of America^ I.!r. John J. Kaputka 
with the accompaniment of the symphony orch-stra. 


Dziennik Zjedn'oczenia , Vol, XXVII, No. 116, May 19, 1923. 


Due to the efforts of those prominent in the field of music and song, 
Messrs* B* Rybowiak and S* Kujawski, xmder the direction of G» Chrza- 
nowski, member of the Russian opera^ there was staged yesterday for 
the first time on the Chicago stage, the opera '^Halka,*' by Stanislaw 

It was given in the Auditorium of St. Stanislaus, at Bradley and Noble 

Tne cast wnich played the most Important roies consisted of the. follow^ 
ingj Miss Regina hTEybylska and Mr. £• Rybowiak. Tne art director was 
Mr. Gabriel Chrzanowski, a singer of Russian opera. 

II .. 3 b 

Dzlenntk Z.jednoozenla , Vol. XXVII, No. 90, April 17, 1923* 


Senator Le-vic, Arnericcn counselor, I.'r. F. Rendon, the famous ..Derican critic, 
H# Devries, Congressman S. Kunz, and L.any doctors, druggists, lawyers, as well 
as the li^ass of admirers of Olga Orlenska's talent, proposed to gather in the 
St. Stanislaus hall in order to bid farewell to the one, who for ;:.any everxings 
has thrilled the Foles in Chicago with i:er artistry, giving them unfQr^^t.-/^le 
moments of pleasure. 

The program v/hioh is to be given in her honor, appears to be a splendid one. 

II -O b 

i V-X^± ^ i. 1 

' '< ' 1' • 'i 1 ^ 

':nOftZ'^^il?>i , \ oi 

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.y V. - . > ■ ••V i 

( 1 

X.. . . • 

Yesterday v/e listened to tne cojicert of Cl^ n Crlo-nska, ; cTic-'-i o\ :ra prirri^t '^om.u. 
...ios L^rlenoku fulfilled her con(X.rt eii(_,'i^^v. 3nt f;t Ki-.l:?Mll :iall, v; acii v;e.s fillr^d 
to caijti^itv b«' tiie ouclic. The v/aG ac :o!i.. --iniot? bv jo-ir "Vi^^deriirii, una 

■f- ' % )^_a ' ' V* O •• 

This concert can un -u^^ ticnably bo listed as :\n-^ of tho best f iven -^t arv/ tir^.e to 
oar lovers of son^ und inisic in t^rdr. country, 

Miss Crlenska without dcubt poGr esGQis a ricn and sonorous voic^^. Toc.i.. 1 call/ .ine t 

his voice in en expert ..ifinner ..ithout ^ycrtln,^ -.'nj 

ria; into 

the techniiue n:C'i fenlin. unl ar ient terniz-^rti ivait, l.^via. t-.s^ ii.,".^..or cv-.rv.noi.:^ea 
v/ith deli/ht. 

' . 1 v» 


The or o{?;r am ye s t er d ay o o .ne ■/. v; 1 1 a L.n ar i a " 
ka" by Moniuszko. Miss C/rlonska r-itaor c^lc-^^f ail ; ;:c^'tra-^s in son; 
of the lovinp:, thou> h perclexei mother, ^vhc '"^o: 

4- • 

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.1 -!-■> 


II ^ 3 b 



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icuilv ut :i'::r o!il ' ^!iiil^', ;yi;i^» 



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by V^^rui, t.x;^ ur^l..-;., OOja'ornin^ to i. i- 1^" r<jt'*:t:; -.j.. ; i .•- :ci'-^rri.<i .niit-.r./ :..'^icuy, 

^4- . 


"\', ^ 

Tn*^ cy.-ere 

v/er^ alco verv ' ood. 

The aria froir. "MadarrKi I:'ut':.yrf ly " ly ]-viccini, ar.l a :-electicn frci '*':i opera, ''"'b. 
Valeria Ru-ti(;?.:na" by ;'a^c-.:(ni render-jd in Italiun wer^-^ :i)ne vor;/ \/ell, becuse 
undoubtsdl\^ the^^ wcul i bo acci3.-ted v;ita r^co'r'.it i-:no on uny fir '"-ciu:^ ;ju^:ric:m 
stii^e, and ^ rhtpL^ evon ir^ ~he oyuratic '.vorlM. 

The chain of operatic i^electionc -./as ended v;it.i u 
^.utch Va^" by "Va^^^ner, iii :vnicn Grl'^n. ka s--n^\ 
V;a^;nerian music exlrenely v.ell. 

bullad frcn t..^ o^.er'^, "Tie 
the pa3cix[^_es fron tne rai,dity 


rne D retrain v/aj 

concluded v;ita Tolish fGliC. jcn^s, cut (luo to 

.. .^ V^ii <-^ 

*- 1- 

/ X <-A v>t. CJ w ■4'^-' 

II A 3 b 


Dzionnlk Z.1e inoc zer.i'<) t Vol 




)^ : 


artict, as-- an encore, san£" tne ivell-known • .: : level;/ som- , ''T.-i'; I.Mst -azur". 

Viss Clga Grlenska surely beloms to the better iolj.s.* sori^rtrcssei^, /s^ncv/n n<3ro to 
us in AiiiQricfi. However, her ^rogra-i yesterday, for .'- .. -.'ic vn rsuoon, v/fic- so ^r- 
run^ed tn-.t it did not allow ner to display eit.ier -.a^ te.:;hiii -^ue, so c.i.-.ruc ' -yri stic 
of well accoiu^.lished arti..ts, cr tue vol ;::;^ cf at:;r voc'^i run^e. li. th-i entire con- 
cert taert; v;a^ not even one ca ienzn or one dii':;ic:ilt ,-.bGa c,nor was tnere a single 
note b^^yond ni^ii "J'». In tnis, nov;ever, It .va:. not tn_. i'Lult oT t .^. arti." 
whc s^ afore ;.enticned witn facilit;' an-: > r-. >i, ^. . •.: .c:i vs tliat of tne o-e 
selected tlie co^npcsitionT for tne j;rc£;ra,a. 



':ne -^rrist lacnc -^•-••^ 

,1 -*- 

f r-"'^- 

Besides this, in yesterday's concert at certain ti,,?s, 
dom of a sta^e veteran, that sturdy certainty or j.-ove.Ment, ■^.]l■^t r.rior an:^ tempera- 
ment, wnich enraptures the licten'^r an^^ puts hiia into a fra;:ie of wonderment, charri, 
an-: compels rxim to admire the artist. 

These few observations presented tnemselves ta js yesterday at tne concert of tr 
prin^a donna. 


I I A 3 b 

zieuhi.-: _ 



nocreiA'it Vol. X.'IVI* 


v> • 

_« » 

' • *- 

T » 



! . L' 

in c;;r colorr^ in recent vears, lui : the rciril -vhiM <;^-r v-unt ''o uj -^r often, not onl v 
'.It'iin a circle, strictly Polishf but /•.aeriC'rai, i2;t'5rn-:tionul, 
of Polii-h art will o fortu f-. r una -v/id'S. 

v/ •> . . '-. 


c r^rno■.vn 



II A 5 b 


^c^ - - • <, 

Dziennlk Zjednoozenia , Vol# XXVI, No* 259, Nov. 4, 1922# ' "4^>^^ 


The late Mrs* Agnes Nering was the most powerful lever In the develop<- 
ment of Polish artistic life and song in Chicago* This talented airbist 
was tireless in her effox*ts to organise singing groups* She never 
refused to participate in concerts or entertainments for charitable 
purposes* Her rich voice caught the attention of critics of English 
newspapers euid the singer was urged to begin regular vocal studies* 

In order to complete her artistic education, she left for £\irope, where 
she studied opera under some of the world renowned teachers, Schoen«-Rene, 
Bellincioni and Loli Beeth* Thus endowed with the best of schooling, she 
made an artistic tour, visiting all the European capitals, appearing in 
London, Paris, Berlin, Vienna, Budapest, Milan, Rome, Naples, Venice, 
Cracow, Poznan, and Warsaw* Everywhere she met with great success to 

• 2 • POLISH 

Dgjennlk Zjednoceenia ^ Nov# 4^ 1922 • 

-which testify the px^aiees of critics in all of the important European 
newspapers • 

She returned from abroad in 1914 as a famous songstress and from then on 
she enraptured the public with her voice and artistry, making appearances 
in all of the large cities throughout the United States* 

When upon her return from Europe she appeared in a concert at Orchestra 
Hall in Chicago, the public was enraptured to such a degree that she was 
showered with flowers, and the stage was transformed in one moment into 
a garden of flowers • . 

Her concert in Orchestra Hall on January 18^ 1914, was a really artistic 
entertainment • Mrs* Nering charmed the audience with the mellow tones of 
her soprano voice* She sang with great feeling the following Polish 
songs: "Ach Zejdz Do Gondoli^ (Oh^ come to the gondola), Ify John Galli 


'-■ ^. Pi. «^> 


- 3 - PCL ISH I "^ ^.'^.^ 

Dzlennik Zjednootenla ^ Nov# 4^ 1922# 

"Obawa** (Fear), by Wozela-Czynski; "Halka," by Moniuszko, and **Pamietam 
Zlote Dbie*^(l remember golden days), by Karlowic£# The late Mrs# Nering 
sang Karlowic«»8 composition for the first time in America, and the 
music critics were enthralled by her singing# Felix Borowski, critic 
for the Record Herald , published at that time, vnrotei "Mrs* Kering 
deserves great credit for acquainting the Chicago public with the com- 
positions that she sang* Mrs* Nering rendered all of these songs splen- 
didly, especially the composition of U. KarlowicE, "Fanietam Zlote Dnie# 

The symphonic works of Karlowics are of priceless value, wrote Borowski* 

At this concert also the Poles of Chicago greeted Agnes Nering with 
enthusiasm* The Polish colony in Chicago felt very proud that they had 
such a talented artist* 

Not only did we Chicagoans express our recognition, but the artist was 
well written up and praised by European critics also* 




• 4 - POLISH i : ri'.Pi. o]) 

Dzlennlk Zjednoczenia ^ Mov# 4, 1922« 

Before her arrival in America in 1914, Mrs« leering gave a series of 
concerts in the larger cities of Europe* The critic of the Militaer- 
Musiker Zeitung wrote: "Mrs* Agnes Bering, Polish-American songstress, 
possesses a splendid power for voice* She masters with ease the most 
difficult parts." 

The same was repeated by other German newspapers, such as the Berli ner 
Allgemeine Zeittmg , Vossiche Zeitung , Berliner Tageblatt , and Der 


Northwest Side Opera Company * Through the efforts of Mrs * Nering the 
Northwest Side Opera Company was organised in 1916* Mrs* leering selected 
for her first presentation of opera the play "Stradella," by Flotow* 
Her intention was to present the opera with the cooperation of only 
Polish amateur singers, but this aim fell through on account of lack 

. 5 - POLISH 

Dziennlk Zjednoczenia ^ Nov. 4, 1922. hr^^A (ILL) ^r C li'Ujii 

of well schooled amateur singers. During that year the singing groups 
were good, but there was a complete lack of soloists^ Ur8# Kering had 
to engage, therefore, those of other nationalities • The opera did not 
make a satisfactory impression* This was felt by the artist herself, 
and further appearances were abandoned. Her knowledge of what is art 
did not allow her to carry on any further attempts in this direction, 
so she devoted herself completely to concert appearances. Through 
her death recently, the Polish colony in Chicago has lost a great and 
worthy artist. 

n A 5 b 
II B 1 a 

.vpi tot; 

Dziennlk Z^jednoczenia ^ Vol. XXVI, t:o. 2Zj8, Oct. 2:, 192? 


'.7e must admit, that the orranizers of the polish "^yrriphony Orchestra, have 
accomplii'hed a lot in the field of univer- alizing Polish r.usic amon^ the 
Poles^ Yesterday's concert was not :nade up exclusively of v/orks by Polish 
co.Tiposerct but tne overtures fro-r; the opera, '^Ilalka" by rt. P.oniuszko and 
tnree ccnipcs it ions by Cno^ in were played. Tne sy. apaony orchestra, in spite 
of tne difficult conditions under which it .vus or^uaizea, aCiuitued itself 
very ably. ^Urectors "^ygrian and P.apalka knov/ v/ell t.u^t before tne present 
orchestral asseMbly can be called a real s-r.-^i^'non'/ orcnestra, rMC'a work: lias 
yet to be done. They must make endeavors for more talented musicians and 
enlarge the orchestra as to instru lents. This made itself felt yesterday, 
in "Schubert's composition A Ilinor, and the more in tiie Alle^^^retto of the 
Seventh Symphony from Beethoven. 

The grea+ .leaning of a symphony orchestra w^as brought out in nis talk by the 
president of the Polish Singers Alliance, Mr. Petrykowski. Ve gave us to 


Dilennik Z .ledno czenia t Vol* XXVIt No. 248* Oct. ^5 1922* 

understand that all singing ^raups in Cbioago will lenu their efiorts 
toward the succe&s and development oi* tills orchestra, a concert to 
held I'oKmtown will not appear so soon* probably in the spri*if,-t bei^ti 
the orc:ie&>tra mubt be aore finishec* 


/ 'J J?' 



^ ] 

II A 3 b 
II B 1 a 


Dzlennik [^..jednoczeniat ^^ol. XXVI. IIo. 24^, Oct, 18. l32'^'-{^[x)ri^^^^^^^^ 

IJUriC ..KD iiilT. 

Thi5; fall and winter we v;ill have -^.any Uversifiei pleasures within our 
circle. The director of tiie opera T^romises a s.iries of beautiful jresv^ntu- 
tions. likewise laany new an 1 able singers ani son[' stresses. a series of 
orchestral concerts will ali^o be held. Cne of tne choice concerts in tne 
heart of the Polish center in Chica^^o will be held next .'"unday in ' choen- 
hofen's Hall. Ine polish Tyinphony Orchestra organized throu[ h the efforts 
of :.:essrs. >:dmund Zygman and John Kapalka. will appear for the firct time. 

This orchestra has wide plans for the future, because it does not desire to 
limit itself only to appearances araonjf the Polish center, but they wish to 
ac^iuaint the American Public with the creations of our composers. .,n inten- 
tion worthy of support I To enable tne organizers to brin£ tlieir intentions 
into action, they need the support of all the poles, who undoubtedly v.-ili 
comprehend the matter and will hurry in throngs to the concert ne..t -inday. 

ll A 3 b 
II B 1 a 


Dziennik Zjednoczenia, Vol. XXVI, No. 218, Sept. 18, 1922. 


A concert of the universally popular and well-liked Cnopiu Choir No. 1 was 
held last Sunday evening. The large hall of tae Polisn R. Cm Union vms filled 
to capacity. This proved that the Chopin Choir is enjoyinc support and interest 
among the Poles in Chicago. 

The program was composed of ten numbers. Pour of these were taken up by tne 
Chopin Singers alone, rendering choir compositions with great artistry, color 
and full of emotion. 

The rest of the program was composed of solo appearances. An excellent selec- 
tion from the opera, "II Trovatore" was rendered by Profess? r Rybov;iak, leader 
of tne Cnopin Choir and Miss llartha. Szlachciak, well-known dinger. Mr. Casimir 
Jasinski, who played the composition "Canson A Boire" from the ballet "Fiametta" 
on the cello violin, received a thunderous applause, I.^r. :.l. Gaworski tni Mr. Now- 

II A3b -2- ^^^^^^^ 

^^ ^ ^ ^ Vvr'\ (III.) raoj jOZ/li 

Dziennik -I.jednoczenia , Vol. XXVI, No. 218» .^ept.l8, 1922. 

akowski rendered selections from the opera "Verdi". 

17ith the greatest of enthusiasm, however, was received the appearance of yiss 
Sophia ^^aciejewski, who sang arias from the opera "La Traviata". riss '^.ciejew- 
ski has seldom appeared on the Polish stage. Her appearance, however, so over- 
came the public, that whenever in the futiire she decides to appear amonr us, 
she will always be welcomed with enthusiasm and recognition as one of the best 
of our polish singers in America. 


II A 3 b 

II B 2 f 

Dziennlk Z.iednoczenia , Vol. Xr/I, ]]o. 210, Sept, 8, 1922. 

rcLirH ccHCQL CF ^:u^IC i.-^ ^dv.-^kc^u. 

)r.O: Mli 

The cultural and artistic life of our citv is rTiakinr" slo'v but steady strides 
forward, organizing and developing; nore and more cultural ojtpo?ts. 

Progress is "being mad_e in the field of music. Tne fcrr.ier Polish Tchool of 
Husic, as a result of the well- deserved success, which it has enjoyed, has 
been changed into a Conservatory of ^^usic# Tiie director of tae forner school, 
I.'r. Stephen Sieja, v;ho beca:ne knov/n as an esteeiaed lAusicier*, singer and com- 
poser, at one tine an active cc-or^;ani zer of the children's choirs, invited 
on the 30th of the current montn, the most prominent polish musical artists 
to the office of the Conservatoryt where a joint deliberation took place. 
After a discusi^ion on organization matters, a program of activity was worked 
out. The Conservatory has three courses: lower, intenaeuiuxe uiiU iii^iier. 
Everyone learning some special subject benefits v/itnout extra cnur^et from 
added lectures for six months on theory and practice. 

The professors personnel is composed of: A. Karczynski, ^'. Pierzchala, •*'. 
Knock, T. Crzada, ^". ^Valkiewicz, '\ Kapalka, and "^irec or ^. "ieja. 


Dzlennik Z.jednoczenla t Vol. X::VI, No. 2lC, fept, S, 1922. 

The educational pro£;ra:n covers playing instructions on all instruments and 
solo sin[^in^ lessonst which will be £:iv0n by an artii^t fro.:: the ;7arsaw opera- 
!Iiss K. Surzynska. 

This i£ the first co-operation of outstanding: artists,* so::e oi' tnem are the 
pride o:' music, not only that of the Crnifration, but of the general polisn crea- 
tive power of lausiCt Besides musical talent, every individual mentioned has 
already done meritorious service in community and national \''rork. '^hat fives 
a guarantee that the Polisn Conservatory of I'usic desires to [ ive to society 
good and hcnest work and calculates on the E;eneral support of that society, 
which more and more valuer these noble impulses and diligent work. The central 
office of the 'Conservatory of "usic is located at 1235 N. Ashland ;,venue with 
branches in Town of Lake and Avondale, 


II A 5 b 

POLISH \^ '• 

Dziermik Zjedno c zeni a^ Vol, XlCJl, No. 199, Aug* 25, 1922 • 


It is not the first tiii.e tlmt 7/e have had the opportunity of hearing 
about the trials of presenting a few Polish operas in Chicago* 

Already several years ago, yet even before the war, there v/as talk 
in our Polish centers about the necessity of establishing a periTianent 
theatre, or a society, which would present, from tine to time, im- 
portant stage plays as well as Polish operas. This ended as usual with 
projects for a permanent theater. As to presenting Polish operas or 
an opera in Polish, this was done twice in Chicago. Through the efforts 
of Miss Agnes leering there ;vas staged in 1912 the opera "Stradella" 
at the Crown Theatre, and next, through the efforts of Prof. B. Rybo- 
wiak, the opera ^Halka," by Moniuszko, was presented. If we want to be 
sincere, we must say the presentation of iiiese operas were failures* 
If in wie future we must present "trials"of opera on the stage, then 
it is better to abandon such work. V/hen it cones to a permanent theatre 
in Chicago, v;'e cannot even drea^a about that, even if the Polish organ- 
izations would take this project seriously under consideration, 'then 

2 - POLISH- o/^^-^- 1' 

Dziennik Zjednoczenia, Vol. XXVI, ^Jo. 199, Aug. 25, 1922o 

v;e ;vould have in Chicago a permanent theatre financed by Polish organi- 
zations. Alasl the representatives of the Polish emigration do not 
think as the Gerrnans do and the ivay they are v/orking for the cultursil 
needs of their fellow oountryraen. 

The German theatre in Chicago prospered v/ell before the war and is 
prospering at present. It was closed during the ivar. All German organi- 
zations are obliged to pay a tax for the upkeep of the theatre and 
every member of the Germian societies must sell at least ten tickets 
a year. If something similar was instituted in our organizations, then 
the Crown Theatre at Division St. would be the property of the Poles. 
In this theatre there -virould be staged instructive plays and not non- 
sense as has been played in secondary Polish theatres. 

The Presentation of Mo n iuszko* s ^^Ilalka. " An Opera Club has been organized 
and at present is occupying itself v/ith agitation for members. Every 
member will have to pay ,5, and his name will be ^vritten into a memoir 
book on the occasion of presenting the first opera. The comr.iittee is 
composed of prominent people, but we imagine that demanding |5 will meet 
with difficulties. It would be better to tolce for example the Germans 


- 3 - 



D?-ienaik Zjednoczenia, Vol. JCC^/I, ko. 199, Aug, 25, 1922, 

and endeavor to get our o^vvn trie at re in Chicago^ 

The comniittee of the Opera Club did not mention whether it has the in- 
tention of permanently presenting operas, but limits itself only to the 
presentation of "Ilalka," which conld be better accomplished if the 
committee would turn with this proposition to the Alliance of Polish 
Sin>^ers, ratrjer than to the Illinois Chapter* The names of the persons 
on the committee give a guarantee that the organizations v/hioh they 
represent would come with aid frcxi the Alliance of Polish Singers, v/ithout 
special agitation in acqiairing members. These organizations have an 
educational fund and can easily rive a ready sum for the presentation of 
Polish opera in Chicago. 

* II A 3 b 



• t 

Dziennik Zjednoozenia, Vol. XXVI, i\iO. 188, Aug. 12, 1922. , , ^..,-.. 


Lliso Antonina Fra?ir:ov/ska belon^^s to those iiiany Folish concert artists who 
already have won for themselves a wide circle of admirers and who, with 
their initial efforts, liave come forUi to a leading position. Miss Prank- 
ov;ska has distinguished herself in a series of former appearances, gain- 
ing, the arrlause of both the Polish and American circles. Endowed with 
a beautiful dramatic soprano voice, she graduated with excellent marks 
from the Chicago Musical College, from which she finished during the past 
year. Everybody also remembers her appearance at the welcome of urs. 
Curie-Sklodov/ska, wriich i^vas her great triumph. 

The news that M'.ss Frankov/ska is staging a concert personally, which 
will be a real entertainment in the way of son^ and music, has created 

a great sensation. 


This concert v/ill be held Sunday, August 0th, at the Calumet Theatre 

in South Chicago. Her program will be coi/cposed of Polish songs, especially 

selections from the opera "Halka," then selections from Italian opera 

II A 5 b - 2 - POL IS [J 

Dziennik Ziednoczenia , Vol. X:C/I, lio. 188, Aug. 12, 1922* .. • v DPf*; r.- ^^ 

and English songs with the accompaniment of the leader of trie Caliiraet 
Theatre orchestra. 

Many prominent Polish and American artists are also taking part in the 
concert of Miss Frankowska and, above all, Olga Plochanska, v/ife of the 
v^-ell-knovm violinist virtuoso, v/lio vdth the accompaniiaent of Llrs. Julius 
Smietanka, will play the violin. The program finally will be composed 
of a song by Louis Dubiza and a piano solo by I^Ir. RAyraond C. Howe, who 
will end 07/ the listeners v/ith "Llinuet," by Paderov/ski and "Evening," 
by Hunter. 

Miss Antonina Frankowska, very popular in both Polish and American 
circles in South Chicago, is a member of the St. Cecilia Choir and 
because she has taken a lively interest in everything which could be 
beneficial to t le Polish cause, with her voice she foriaally enraptures 
her audience. Therefore, it is certain truxt her concert, scheduled for 
August 20th, will be an outstanding success; that it will bring together 

the ranks of music and song lovers, as well as those who wish to p-et 

II A 3 b - 3 - POLISH 

Dziennik Zjednoczenia, Vol, XOTI, iio, 18B, Aug, 12, 1922. 


acquainted v/ith the talent of Miss Frankowska, as hearing her sing is 
a real spiritual pleasure, and besides tfiat, Lliss Frankowska deserves 
the greatest support in every respect* 

II A 5 b 
II B 2 e 

usiennlk Zjed^oozenia, Vol* XXVI, No* 182, Aug* 5. 1922* 


This e-vanlng between the hours of 8 and 9 o'oloclc^ Mrs* Rose Knasigroch 
will be heard in a radio concert over station KTW, in three beautiful 
selections • She will make her appearance in the Edison Building at Adams 
and Clark streets^ where she will sing to the accompaniment of Hr« Vincent 

llMB'KvaSigroch is a resident of Chicago* 


II A 3 b 

II B 1 a 



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:ce ana 

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- p /Ti - ' r. p : : ''-• VI i- 

: iss Jccili:. ..v;iai:/:c-./G.:7i, v r/ GC;lao- 
a sole violinist. 


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o :iar^ 

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J irecoi ,n c:. 

po r q;;- 

at U:LO -,uditoriu:i in dcvntovm ChicotD. 

'•> V-/ J. -L J. 4.^ ^ - . / .^ •-•. U ^ W . , O ^ ^- • • -I .1. V . _ i . '^ i^ w .u - _ X '. X . • '-■ J . X -1. J- -1. ' ' ■ "-w . .» X , i. 

beautiful ^:ro ra . in t^ic 


II .. 5 b 

li B 1 c (o) 


' Dzlen^dV L;Mcai:oo^i, iTeb. 9, 19r:2 

OiL- Or^ ObiCD 

.tindrew Kv/api*^roch ^'/as born Octcber r?0, 1855, in Polnna, in .<est rcussi'-i 
^translator's note: Kicknened by the Gerniims after the ..'orld *.ar the polish 
CorridorT** Hb obtained bis elementary education in his native tov-n* 
.-ifter graduation frorp grormar sctiool he v^rip sent to a relative or iiis xvho 
was a te-ACher of sJn;'in^ :nd or^riuiist trjat he mif^ht obtain instruction in 
org-in music* ^».t the ser^o tire ne v/as preparinr- for an entrance examination 
to a ITorrnal school, and in 1871 he cuccessfully passed the exa^^ai nation 
and entered the school in i\.eynia, province of po'^jnan (posen), to prepare 
for the profession of teachinr;* 



On the advice of his par^-^nts he discontinued his studies and emigrated v/ith 
them to .j^.erica, settlinc in Ghic.'-:p:o in i^ . Stanislas* narisix* There 'le 
Continued his musical education v/ith Professor vjondlach, atte^^dlrg at the 
same tire Loyola GollcGe. ooon after his arrival in Chicago iie joined 
the ot. Jtanislas ...ostka churca choir, which was tnen under tne direction 

II ^v 5 b - 2 - POLIShL 

il £5 1 c (3) 

D7Jennik: Ghic--rosk:l , Feb. P, 19r^2. 

of the l'=ite /int:^-ony i^allek:. In 187b a vacircy occurrea, and he assumed t'ae 
duties of parj sh organist, continuing in this capacity for forty-cix years, 
until serious Illness forced ]nm to relinquish his beloved post« The attack: 
took: place suddenly while he v/as c^rductinr the parish choir in its i^ 

rehearsal* The cad nev/s of his illness v^as a Qveat snoc^ tc the friends -. 

and acquaintances of the beloved orf^imist* Seel':in{3 to regain his health, 
he went to California, but he vras onl^/ partially successful; his strengtn 
never returned, and he could not resume his duties at the organ. 


In 1882 Lire Kwasigroch married i.j*.ss Josephine oiudat The marriage vvas 

blessed vrith eight children. He lives in ot . dt?^Jiislys iCostka^s parish ^^ 

at 1458 Elackhawk Street. 

besides belonging to many singing and music clubs kr. iCwasigroch is a 
m.ember of the Polish ItoriHn Catholic Lnicn and of the Order of Catholic 
Foresters, in which he is a senior, he was one of the org-iirizers of the Pulaski i3^iilding anri Loan .association and is a morber of 

II x^ 3 b 

II B 1 c (3) 

- 3 - 

Dzienni^K: Ghicogoskj, 7eb. 9, 19P,2. 


board of the Polish Publishing Oo^i^eny. In his time he has frequently 
directed the united national and church choruses on festi'7e occasions or at 
national celebr-iticns. .-». few of these were the Columbian .ilxposition in 
Chicago in 1893, the PolJsp national celebration in honor of Joseph 
Kraszewski (famous polish novelist), the silver anniversary of .^rcnMshop 
Feehan, the caomer.crative celebration in honor of ;.dain Lickiewicz /Poland's 
greatest poet/ in the .^uditcriun., the Chopin celebration, ana the .-jr^y show 
in Gran.t P^»rk in 1918. These perform-nnces v/ere among the most elaborate 
artistic nroductions ever imdertaken by the .jraericun Polonia. 

kr. Kwasicroch belongs to the older generation of polish imrriigrants v/ho 
awakened, sustained, and strengthened here the Polish spirit. It is there- 
fore rie:ht that he should be so generally honored, thj s noble citizen 
and true patriot. 

< ■ 

-, • • • -,' • T _ • ' ^ T /■ . r- • — _ T <■ T, T T ;">. O <"; 

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v> ^ »/..-• "-1 V J- -^ u « s . ^ .» .. X ^ ^ ' '• ^ '.^ », _ ' i i ';,--i ^ J. v> il 'v J. ^ . i -- I -L v:^ <-■ ' i; J .1. '_• -^ _ o '-.I, L ^ J 

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7/hich it dis^l^/'^'d wnzo itself ^-videncc of :-f 3-,c nv^sterr-;! 
^rtijtry '^.ni r.rrrcoI ti n of Kochnns':!' c ^lixvinr', 

?no violini^~ ;:l*\yod .he -.on...,'?. i--> .;, ...\nor ' v-.ry e>:q-3isi':ely^ jut; 
a sli;-]!": nervouzn^s:::: ?ovld '.c folt v/i..:?n nevorthol'?^ .: ilrl not flow- 
unfa ^''orsibly c-jon for err. :.i'..nent in '.:.^e ■; crforino.n? e of aendler's 
ooiTL'nosihi^->n. ". rre^t ;:torri of ::.- lauce vras •' j t..^o -irtist for 


- / 


^ -J 

•- J- »" 

by .ienii-;7s''i, the ^V:^:^';^ .rl*in jnce,'^ by Brahns-Joaohi:^ '^ni "Ca^rioe," 
b/ 71orill^ 'v^-r; rlaved oo] by tbe "^.rtis t v;ith Irul ; ^erfect tech^'icue, 

■•"V) pV) "•■ OTT" "n '^'^ ' "^T Vf, >-. ) .^-i.r^ ,.^. r» • -;-| 4-l-ip t-^r^y* O. ->>*■'■<.' v-1 ,'»/ri <~,-f^ '" n '"» h '^ "il '^ V T ''* ' >'> '""i^ 

'» n "; 1 /-< ,-1 o rn q " • - o r» :~ i r^ r* p _ 

■r T 

k Z h - ■' - 

Dsionnr: Z jedncc::onia. Vol, X:C.'I, l.o. in, Jan, 1 :, 1922 


The piblic v^f; e^ra-bui-erl j;; ^:C :i:x.;i.-;; cl' t:\c -.rtlst, fro:-! -^7:10:1 we 
oar; feci frouJ^; "oclrxnsl:! aron • our rv bion as the best vloliniGt. 

It voiild be iecirv,ble that :..r. h. .cchanshi v;orl-l 3tay a little nore 
after *.hese splendid artistic 'urcats not onlv dovrntov.-n but in the 
heart of our Polish po:^ul • ticn; zo as to convince the greater part 
of our public that nusic is ■:. e ^reate^t artistry ,th^^t ^iiiif^io flovrs 
favorably upon the pcrfocticn of ch-rac':er3# ''nfort-rv. tely, our Polish 
peo:'le did net attend in very ^rc^z nui:ib'^rs. The concert- in our section 
staped by local sinpinp rrow-z, sin: ern, violinists, nianintn, throuph 
non-rupport of the concerts, disco^n- ped the v:lllinp artists into 
inactivity. Our holish eecle stir only a--;en a violinist of rreat fame 
arrives and oiu" nevrspapers announce it day in and day out* It should 
not be so. Ph/ery concert piven, ^.vhcthcr it is by a preat artist or 
a beginner, or even by a ;'roup of sin;-er^, deserves our svrpcrt, oecause 
Poli.^h music and son:" in a foreipn land is 0:ie nain factor in .-^'oining 
us v/ith the culture of our brothers oOv'ond the ocean. 



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of tiif^ ^' iano 

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II A 5 b 


Dziennllc Chicafrosici , Jan. 1^, 19^ii» 

Rose Kwasigrocn 

On tiie Nortnwest Side of our city, near the Polis:: section oi' Avcndale, lives 
our eminent compatriot, iicnorably rcno\m to Poles all over .jnerica, Irlme* Rose 
Kwaslgrocn* Peo^.le of otner nationalities call aer tne ♦♦Polisn nigntingaie^*. 
She was born in Chicago, tae daughter of Peter Kiolbasa; her fataer, one of 
the most eminent Poles in xjnerica, was at one tine treasurer or our city» 

She received her elementary education at St. Stanislaus Kostlca*s parisn ^~ 
school; later sne attended tl'.e Sacred Heart of Jesus Academy, sitimted near ^' 
the Chicago Cathedral, der interest in music and her love for it were 
awakened by the Notre Dame Sisters. They gave her the elementary principles 
of the theory of music and singing. Later, because of the entliusiastic en- 
couragement aid praise of Mr. Stanislas Szwajk^.rt, then editor of Dziennik 
Chicagos>:i > she enrolled at the Chicago Musical College, from which she 
graduated with high honors. She continued her vocal studies ivith such out-- 


II A ;5 b - 2 - POLISH 


Dziermlk Chioagostci , Jan* 13, 19Z^^ 

standins singers as Sdward D» Reszkv:?, D-indrowsr:! , LiJiie* Sembrien-iLocaanska, 
and others, during taeir brief st-ays in ChicOi^o, Her cthsr fajTious teachers 
were such noted sin/^ers of the Chicago Opera Comp ny as kessrso Herman Devries 
and llaurice Devries and Ljne. 0. Fox* One can say without fear of contradition T-- 
that she received the finest instruction in the theory of music and in '-::i 

voice production^ r^" 

Her first public appearance vras in the /lUditorium under the Direction c"^ the ? 
noted teacher and conductor, Theodore Thonaso Sae sang an euria from the 
opera ''lilignon". All the receipts vunre giver to the .ilexi-^n Brothers f^^: 

Hospital* Later she took part in many concerts, but the receipts were alvjay 
given to charitable institutions, sucn as the Polish hospital ^t* iJary*s 
Hospital/, St. Hedv/ig's day nursery, the fund for Polish war victims, the 
Iroquois i..emcrial organization, and many otiiers. She also s?ing in other 
cities; in Hev/ York City she appeared in the Terrace harden* Her repertoire 
includes many operas; among tnem are *'Lucia di Lamraermoor , " "i.lignon," 
'•Lohengrin,'' imd ^11 Trovatore"* Ivjue. Rose Kwasigroch could have had a 


s r- 

Ix A 3 b - y - POLISH 


Dzisnni:^ Chicacoslci , Jan. 13, 19:12^ 

career in grand opera were it not for the fact t.iat she married Francis ^* 
Kwasigroch, a substation post/naster, and because of her love for her family 
gave up her operatic work* 

She always has been and contl-mos to be very active ia our Polish community# 
She has sung with Polish parish choirs as soloist; for many years she was 
a soloist in the Chicago Cataearal. hf^v recitals are always successful • 

oi:ie is an honorary member of the Polish Singers* Alliance; she also belongs 
to many other Polisn ana non-Polish organizations* Her m.arriage has been 
blessed with five children, now all married and well established* L'any of 
her vocal successes are recorded on Victor records; they are tuirty in 
number* jvlme* Kwasigroch lives at 2651 North Kimball Avenue* 

II A 3 b 


Dzlennlk Chicagoskl , Jan. 6, 1922. 

Well known by her frequent appearance at the meetings called to discuss the ^ 
Upper Silesian question, Miss Anne Rydllnska, an actress of Cracow, Poland, ^ 
and a graduate of the Cracow Conservatory of Music, has opened a school of C 
piano music at 1355 West Chicago Avenue* Miss Rydlinska*s school is con- ;g 
ducted according to European methods, and it teaches both classical and mod<- 2 
em music. Special stress is laid on the use of the pedal, practice in which ^ 
is completely neglected by many piano teachers. For those who wish to give !ij 
to their children a musical education and at the same time to provide them ^ 
with an opportunity to develop their sense of beauty and to refine and ennoble 
their instincts, the instruction in Miss Rydllnska*s school will be an effect- 
ive help» Music, it is well known, is a revitalizing and ennobling source 
from which we should drink generously; it soothes and diminishes our pains and 
worries; it strengthens the patriotic spirit; it ennobles men. Do not spare 
expense /in prompt iiij^ such a study, in ennobling the young generation, for it 
is the insurance of the future^ 

II A 3 b 


II D 10 


I G 


Dzieiinil: Chicaroski, Dec. 15, 1921. 



^alf-tone, one colw.-m-eirlith of a paf:;e, 
bust of I.Irs. J. Korolev/icz-'-'ayciowaT' 

At a special fare\;ell concert civen by her friends last nisiit at the Polish 

hospital auditorium, I.Irs. J". Korolev;icz-V;ayuoi7a bade t-he Polish people of 
Chicago goodbye. 

The conunittee v;hich arranged the pro- ••ram deserves to be cormiended for their 

efforts. It v/as throu^ their energetic v;ork that this concert v/as not only 

made possible, but also a grand success, /although a severe cold, v^hich v;as 

contracted by the Polish singer at a recent benefit, threatened to keep 

llrs. 21orolev;icz-V/aydov/a in bed for an indefinite period, she mcOiaged to 

recover sufficiently enou^^i to raake her final appearance. Because of the ^\ 

i :portance of the event and the sentiment attached to her happy days in 

II A 5 b - 2 - POLISH 

II D 10 

III H DzienLJk Chicarosrci , Dec. 15, 1921. 

I a 

IV Chica.r^o, the Polish son^rbird at her best. Then, too, the 
lar^e crowd added inspiration to her voice. 3he sang her best 

as one Pole to another. 

For her first portion of the concert, she sang an aria from Verdi *s "/dda" 
in Italian; a niunber from Ivla'isenet^s opera, "Cyd" in French; an air from 
Puccini's opera, ''Llanon Lescaut," in Italian; and a selection from Puccini's 
opera, "I.ladam Butterfly" in Poxish. After her operatic numbers, she sang 
several Polish niunbers. Songs from the pen of Paderewski, Mosjkov/ski, 
Niewiadomski, I.Ianius2;ki, and V/alter v/hich were excellently rendered. 

The entire concert v/as indeed a musical reviev/ of operatic and classical 

numbers. If she never before displayed her artistic talents in full, I.Irs. 
J. Korolev/icz-7/aydov/a did so last night. The variety of her v;ell pre- 
pared repertoire taxed her evei^^ ability, hov;ever, her brilliant command 
of her voice conc^uered all the difficulties and enraptured the entire 
assemblae^e. Never before v/as such talent displayed on a Polish podium. 

II A 5 b 

II D 10 

I G 

- 3 - 

Dziennik Chica^oski , Dec. 15, 1921, 


Her display of talent at the Polish hospital audit oriinn v/as 

direct evidence of the artistic qualities of her voice, which 
has been heard in the four comers of the v;orld. Although specializing 
in another lart of the theater, it can be readily admitted that she has 
gained the same recognition as our imiiiortal Llodziejev/ska, v/ho has gained 
international fame. 

ue have v;ritten before about the quality of I.Irs, Korolev/icz-'.aydov/a*s 
voice. It would be difficult now for us to v/rite something nev:. If we 
were to take all the comments expressed by the critics the v/orld over about 
her voice in the press, many volumes v;ould be printed. .Ul we wish to say 
is that v/e had a wonderful opportunity last night to see her display her 
talent. Ker miglity fortissimo and her miraculous pianissimo could belong 
to some nocturnal bird which sang in a dream. Her unusual dramatical 
expressions, her subtle interpretations, and her clear diction made every 
v;ord, feeling, and movement comprehensible during her musical renditions. 

II A 3 b 

II D 10 


I G 


- 4 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chlca^^oski , Dec. 15, 1921. 

This v/as especially true when she sang the arias from the opera 

"Cyd/' and "Madam Butterfly," and in the Polish numbers, "Dudziarzu" 
(Bagpipe Player), and "Przadce." 

Ker beautiful singing captivated every person present. Tlie applause v;as long 

and loud. Shouts of "encore," "encore," were heard throughout the applause. 
At the conclusion of her singing, she was presented with many bouquets of 
fresh flowers, and a fitting speech of farev;ell v;as given by Miss J. .^achtlow. 
One of the local editors gave a short speech, pointing out the many invaluable 
services Janina Korolewicz-^.aj^dowa has rendered the Polish people in Chicago. 
Her appearance in Chicago was donated to a national cause — Upper Silesia. 

This Polish artist has long been noted for her charitable v/ork in her native 
country during and after the V/orld vVar. At times, it seemed as if she v/orked 
more for Poland than for herself. It was because oi her patriotic feeling 
that she consented to appear in Chicago in connection with tiie committee .,-- 
from Upper Silesia. 


. • ■'■. Of* '—I 

II D 10 


I G 


II A 3 b - 5 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chicap;Q3lci , Dec. 15, 19£1» 

The concert terrainated at 10 P* LI. Hov/ever, many people tarried 
to bid this generous artist adieu. It v/as long after 10 o* clock 
when she finally shook the last hand smilingly, and left the auditorium* 

lvlrs» Korole'vvicz-Viaydowa will leave Chicago shortly on an extended western 
concert tour. After her appearance in the V^est, she v/ill appear in an 
important concert at l.^ev; York City. She does not expect to return to 
Chicago after her American tour is over* 

Although her decision to leave Chicago came unawares, a group of interested 
Polish women managed to prepare last night's concert. Those deserving credit 
are: Llrs. r. Dyniev/icz, Mrs* Paczynska, and ivlrs* Smietanka, v/ho played the 
piano accompaniment* 

Among those present v/ere: Captain Grzesikhauke, Lliss Sullivan, noted peda- 
gogical worker, Dr. G. LIueller and wife, Vj. Kochanski, well-known violin 


II A 5 b - 6 - POLISH 

II D 10 

III H Dziennik Chica{^oski > Dec. 15, 1921. 

I a 

IV virtuoso, and v;ife. Attorney Smietanlva and v;ife, L. Dyniev/icz 

and family, and many prominent Polish doctors, dentists, lawyers, 

and businessmen* 

The concert, as a whole, v/as a success • A capacity audience filled the 
beautiful auditorium of the Polish hosDital. 

' !• J O \ 

II A 3 b 


Dzieimik Chicasoskl. Dsc, 10, 1921. 

I£RS. lAYDC'Ik L2AYINGI ' -^^ 

V/ell-known Singer Is Going to Detroit i-H. ^f 

News has reached us that the well-known Polish singer, Llrs. Jeanneatte 
Eorole;viC2-Waydowa is going to leave our city in the near future • 

Mrs. V/aydowa has just signed a long contract that vn.ll take her on a concert 
toxir through many western cities. She vail start very soon. Before the holi- 
days, hov/ever, Miss ^7aydowa has ample time to go to Detroit. 

^.Then Mrs. V/aydovm had some free time she came to Chicago to give her support 
to the delegation from upper Silesia. \*Ie all know hov/ much of her time she 
has sacrificed and how devotedly she has worked. Her services will be remem- 
bered for a long time by our citizens. 

A group of her friends is arranging a farewell concert for her, which will be 
held at the recreational hall of the Polish hospital, in the evening of Decem- 
ber 14. V/hen this popular Polish singing star arrived in Chicago she was shoxvn 

II A 5 b - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chicagoski , Dec. 10, 1921. 

about the town. During the sight-seeing tour she was taken to the Polish hospi- 
tal. Although her visit was short, she made many friends there. Because of her 
attachment to this place, her friends decided that it v;ould be fitting to have 
her give her farev;ell concert in this hospital. 

Special plans are being made to accorrimodate the many friends and followers of 
Mrs. V/aydowa. It is expected that a large number will turn out to hear her sing 
and bid her adieu. Chicago Poles will certainly miss her beautiful voice. 



I I A 3 b 
II B 2 b 
II A 1 

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ada[.-Le I'croleivicz .Vi^dovra --ill rooide iii C]ii;r-''o I'/id iro.. hero she 


uUCO a' 


cc'}iccr"cs • 

r.d:an.e horolov/ics .•\7doT7a docidcd to c-v o'l a -i.! ::r Ojcr'-.bic Gchool 2or 

;olo Gin[~in-; on ^hc v:..tbern 
3he rinisiied her G::i'dlcG. 

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:.ado.r:ie 7.orole^.:ioz .'CiydG\rs., as v;o all ":no\7^ linished the Leinberg Cori' 


serve, tory of L^usic (in lol'.nd under _:ustri-.n rule;, ^vncro Sao v.nE:.s 
reT;i\rded by a :jold nodal. It is the S':cie conservatory v/^iere i-^Aiiy 
Tanows sin'^ers st^uiicd, inclndin;: Ad'a'i Didura, Glic also st 'died 


Visic in :.:addalonj Italy, u>\ler tl.c £y:..o\'3 ^^e'lcner oi nusic, ::.:aesGro 
Cari^nani, vfno is the Tricnd or liiccinlni and hae:tro Canpanini» 

Ilcr vhiole career is one ';;reat success and all the critics of cac 7/hole 
-Torld proclaimed her a Mistress of ltusIc. 

hadaiiie Korolev/icz V/aydov/a, on account of nor reat talent, a^as :;iade 
a director of the /arsav; Cnora. v/iiere she nvraed the culture and 
art Ox .Varsav/ sin[;crs» This is a njiarantee that she vxill train the 
voices of o:^' Chicrao lausic s'badents and iaahje first-class sinyers 
of some of thorn. Our cormriivnity should receive bhls new center of 
culture with -reat enthusiasm. 

II A 3 b 


II B 2 e 

III B 2 Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Apr* 22, 1918. 
Ill H 



In accordance with a previously arranged program, two splendid concerts 
were presented yesterday by the Polish Military Band, under the direction 
and with the assistance of Thaddeus Wronski, The attendance at both concerts 
surpassed all expectations and hundreds of people had to be turned away for 
lack of seats. 

The first concert was held at the St. Eedwig Parish Hall on Tyndale Street, 
beginning punctually at 3:30 in the afternoon with a rendition of the Polish 
and American national anthems, while the Polish and American flags, were 
held by two young volunteers to the Polish Array on the front of the platform. 

The first part of the concert consisted of seven Polish ballads. .. .which the 
audience rewarded with great applause. Next, the lights were lowered, and 
to the quiet accompaniment of the orchestra playing "Piesn V/ieczorna" 
(The Evening Song) by Moniuszko, Wronski spoke on the misery and ruin in 

II A 5 b - 2 - POLISH 

II B 2 e 

III B 2 Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Apr. 22, 1918* 


I G Poland end of our fine Polish ^rmy which has gone to fight for the 

IV freedom of our motherland. .. .He spoke so emotionally that there were 
few people in the hall who did not have tears in their eyes. 

In part three of the program, \»Tonski sang a few melancholy Polish ballads 
to the accompaniment of the orchestra. The final nuraber of the third part 
of the program, "From a Polish Village,'* delighted everyone. In it, all 
the barnyard noises, the barking of dogs, the croaking of frogs, the crying 
of children, the ringing of church bells, were skillfully imitated; the 
audience was so enthusiastic that it seemed there would be no end to the 

After a short intermission, a filia concerning the ''May Campaign" [L million 
dollars for the Polish cause and ten thousand recruits for the Polish i^irm^ 
was shown, and it was explained so eloquently by Vvronski that surely everyone 
will support the noble efforts of the campaign's initiators. 

\ .i 

II A 5 b - 3 - • POLISH 

II B 2 e 

III B 2 Dziennik Zwiazlcov^y , .^ipr. 22, 1918. 


I Or The next number was a dance, a Liazur, executed by four couples in 

IV Ci^covian costumes. They danced so well that one felt like leaping 
upon the platform and dancing with them, ^s an encore, they repeated 

the number. 


In conclusion, V^ronski spoke again, explaining that his orchestra* s only aim p: 
is patriotic agitation; for the extremely low price of admission can hardly 

cover transportation and other costs. Following this short speech the o 

orchestra played a medley of Polish songs, bringing the concert to a close# r 

The concert had a ^p:eat effect upon the audience, and the general impression ^ 

was that it v;as all too short. .~^ 

Acknov/ledgement is due to the Reverend Obyrtalz and the local citizens' 
committee for their aid in making the concert a success. V/e are sure that 
IVronski and his military band will receive the same enthusiastic welcome, which 
they richly deserve, wherever they go. 

II A 5 b - 4 - P0LI3H 

II B 2 e 

III B 2 Dziennik Zv^iazkowy , ^^pr. 22, 1918 • 


I G The second concert was given at the ot, Joseph's Parish Hall at 46th 

IV and oouth Paulina streets. The fifteen hundred seats in the hall 
were all taken and many persons who cane too late had to be turned 

away. The program of the concert was the same as the one given in St. 
Hedvdg*s Parish; evening concerts, however, are more effective. At the close 
of the concert, A. VJolski, chief recruiting officer for Center II, delivered 
an address in which he urged the young irien to enlist in the Polish Army and 
called upon the older people to contribute money to the cause. In conclusion, 
Wronski thanked the local pastors from the community of Town of Lake and the 
local Citizens' Committee with its president, B. Kovjalewski, at the head, 
for their aid in making the concert a success, ^s a final number, the orchestra 
played a medley of Polish songs, after which the audience left for their homes 
with faith in a better future. 

Among the audience, we noticed the Reverend 3. Cholewinski of St. Joseph's 
Parish, Reverend F. Karabasz of Sacred Heart Parish, and Reverend L. Grudzinski 
of St. John of God Parish; also, the Reverends J. Grzesinski, K. Pijanowski, 


' -4 

II A 5 b - 5 - POLISH 

II B 2 e 

III B 2 Dziennik Zv;iazkQwy , Apr. 22, 1918. 


I G and others. In addition to a select public froin Town of Lake, there 

IV were many people from other communities present, including Mrs, 
Harriet Smulski, Mrs. xintoinette Zebrowski-Perlowski, accompanied by 

her husband and mother; V;. Szrojda, of the Central Citizens* Committee; 
W. Lubicz, vice-president of Circuit II, Polish ]?'alcons* iilliance, and inany 
others. iiS many persons remarked to one another, such concerts should be 
given often er in Town of Lake. 



Dziennik Zwiazkiowy , Feb. 28, 1918. 


Beyond a doubt, it must be adiaitted that the inarch by B. Hybowiak, entitled 

**Free Poland** after the hymn by our great pianist Ignace Paderewski and sung j 

all over America during the military band concerts, has aroused much interest r 

in singers* circles; a great demand for the march has been created. ^ 

During the past few months, from the time of the military band's first appear- 
ances, I^ybowiak's march has become so popular that almost ever:^^one knows it 
by heart. Its popularity is due to its beautiful battle motif and splendid 
harmony. R;^''bowiak har ionizes well. lie has the virtue that he avoids diffi- 
cult combinations, and harmonizes so that tlie composition can easily be 
sung, creating at the same time rich chords that inspire the Polish spirit. 
This virtue is especially apparent in "Free Poland," and for this reason, 
the composition is assured of great success. 




II A 5 b 

IV - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Zwia z kowy , Feb. 28, 1913 • 

^Frae Poland" has finally been published in an arrangeiaent for piano. Rvbov/iak 
has not yet had time to arrange it for other instraments but -/ill do so in the 
near future. It .vill be sung for the first time by a great mixed choir during ^ 
Sunday* s manifestation at the Coliseum. ^-^ 

( — 
A rehearsal of this choir ?/as hold yesterday at the Polish V.'omen's .Uliance ^.. 
Hall and was extraordinarily successful, a grecit many singers anGv;ered the 3: 
appeal. A greater participation of ycung people is expected tomorrow. 


II A 3 b 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 

I B 4 


Dzlennlk Zwiazkowy , Feb, 8, 1917. 

TliiC FUinj^ILJ. OF Tll£ L.^T2 .uITIIOIlY Il^iLLjiK 

Yesterday the funeral of the father of Polish song in America and former 
secretary general of the Polish National Mlifince, x\nthony Mallek, took place. 
The funeral was impressive because the deceased e-irned this last service with 
his v/hole life. 

Holy Trinity Church, where the religious service was held, v/as packed. Every- 
one who knev; Ivlr. Mallek caiae in order at least to look at the casket which held 
the beloved remains. 

The funeral procession formed in front of the Alliance building on V/est Division 
Street, where the hearse and a hundred automobiles halted. The vrreaths had been 
previously taken to the alliance building, from v/hence friends took them and car- 
ried them to the church. The Alliance building was hung with crepe and the flag 
v/as at half mast. VJork was stopped at the Alliance building for tv/o hours in 


II A 5 b - 2 - POLISIi 

II 3 1 a 

III B 2 Dzlennik ^Yiiazkovr; , Feb. 8, 1917. 
13 4 
III order to enable the employes to attend the church services. 

I\ll the members of the Central Board of Directors of the Polish National Alliance 
attended, and the censor v;as represented by his secretary, Ij:. 3. Litko of 

The funeral procession started at 11 A.1.1. from the Alliance buildinp;, preceded 

by a platoon of police which kept order, since the crowds were so great. Llr. o 

F« Przybylski's orchestra, composed of several dozen musicians, played funeral t^ 

marches and was followed by a long string of people, friends of the deceased, S 

who carried magnificant v/reaths. t^ 

Reverend Casimir Sztuczko, rector of Holy Trinity Parish, celebrated the 
Requiem Mass. He was assisted by Reverend Roman ILatciniak and Reverend Boniface 
Iwaszewski. The following priests were present at the church: Reverend V/. 
Kruszka, of Milwaukee, 'Wisconsin; Reverend K. Trusinski, of South Bend; Reverend 


II A 5 b - :5 - POIJ:':;!! 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 Dziennik I/viazlcov rs Fob. 8, 191V. 
I B 4 

III C B. 3r.tuczl:o, of 3outh Bend, nephev: of '^.ev^ror.d. Casii.'iir Sztuczko, 

IV RevorencI Hav/roc]:!, '^Loverencl Donbinski, Roveroml Jasinski, P.everend 
S^/rientelc, Reverend :^.eioi::iS]:i, P.evoron^l Kov/Mlczyk, Hcvorenci ^rnncis^ 

'.To jt'ile'.acz, Povorend /yr'\r)k/''UiDs:Q; Revorond irrzrrpnik, of './hitin/:, Indiana; 
lieverend Jtachov/slci, of In-'^iana Harbor; aeverenc Budnik, of P?ust Ohica'^o; 
Reverend. Feldheiri, of :]vu-stor; Povrrend ;cioz::a, Pav'jren--^ Olszo-./ski, of Joliet; 
Reverend Pytcrek, Rcveronc ilriitter, Povore:id Slatka, Pevorond ^vjierzckov/s!:!, 
and all the priests of ^lol;/ Trinity :]i3trict. 

The choir of the ioci^ty of Polish Lithuanian Or :anistc of llhica "-o sar^- in church. 
Lr. ;j.o/:ander IPirczov;s!:i , or.'-.nijt o'l 3t. Peter and Paul church conducted. 
Or^^anist Kov/alski 3:in • the solos. 

Pevereno 3ztuczko, rector of Holy Trinity Church ^ '.viiere Lallek v/as or{^^mist for 
raany years, delivered a niovin • address ovsi' the bier of th-s deceased, mentioning; 
the yreat v;ork that lie had done for Polish sony, church, and people. 


II A 5 b - 4 - PQI-I^^ 

II E 1 a 

III B 2 Dziennlk Zwiazkowy , Feb. 8, 1917. 

I B 4 

III C The church ceremony lasted a long time, and it v;as not until about 

IV 5 P.M. that the funei^l procession arrived at St. Adalbert's Cemetery, 
v/here the remains of Anthony Llallek were laid to eternal rest in the family 

Reverend W. Zapala, rector of St. Stanislaus College, made a moving speech over r 
the grave. He was followed by lir. K. Zychlinski, president of the Polish ^ 
National Alliance, who spoke of the great work which the deceased had done for '- 
the Alliance, and who expressed the final farewell in the name of 120,000 Alliance '■ 
brothers and sisters. l 

The organists* choir sang funeral responsories at the grave. A prayer was said 
for the peace of the soul of the deceased and bits of soil began falling on the 
grave. Thus ended the last service rendered the deceased champion. 

May he rest in peace. 



II B 1 a 

III 3 2 Dzieniiik Zv/iazicov/y , Feb* 7, 1917 • 

II A 1 

II A 2 PCLCITI.x ?.Vr3 rrs L.L3T X:oiH^^3 TO 'HE! F-^V:'/^ OF 

III c POLISH jdca e: Africa 


At the tine of v;ritinci crowds of people ore ;^athering at the hone 
of the late /aithony ^.allele, 212b Haddon .-wvonue, to pay their last respects 
to the father of Polish sonc, the neritorious nation:d worker v/ho practically 
to the end of his life renained a chajrtpion and v/ho did not let go for a monent 
of the ploup;]:! share with which he plov;ed a hard and froquently iJigrateful soil. 



Groat preparations have been made for the funeral, v:iiich will be unusually 
impressive. The procession wil] le^^ve the house of nourninc at 10:15 A. A. 
and v/ill proceed on Haddon avenue to Division Street, passing bei'ore the Polish ^ 
National JAliance buildin::, v;hich has been draped in nourning* Tlie family of 
the late Anthony L.allek has considered the suc-'^estion of the Board of Di- 
rectors of the Polish ivation::il /Uli-ince of havinr; the body r /st for a while 
at the .J-liance building too difficult of execution, because of lack of time. 

II A 5 b - 2 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 Dziennik Zwiazkovjy , Feb. 7, 1917. 

II A 1 

II A 2 Therefore, the funeral procession will halt in front of the Alliance 

III C building, where everyone will get out of the autonobilesand walk to 
IT Holy Trinity Church. 

The entire Board of Directors, together with the honorary'" vice-president and 
lip. S. Litko, official representative of the censor of the Polish National 
.Uliance, will proceed en masse to the house of raournincj' to witness the sad 
rite of transporting the body of the former secretary general and member of 
long standing of the Polish National Alliance. 

The Requiem Mass will be celebrated by Reverend Gasimir Sztuczko, rector of 
Holy Trinity Parish, where the deceased fulfilled his duties for many decades 
and vas the spirit of the parish* Reverend Roman I^rciniak and Reverend 
I^vaszevjski will assist* 

The choir of the Society of Polish-Lithuanian Organists will sing during the 

II A 3 b - 3 - P0LI3H 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Feb. 7, 1917. 

II A 1 

II A 2 I/lass under the direction of Alexander Karczynski, organist of 

III C St. Peter and Paul Parish. 


Llany people fron other localities have cone to Chica.f^o for the 
funeral, anonr. them Reverend v;. Ivruszka of Liilv/aukee and Reverend T. Trusinski 
and B. Sztuczko of South Bend, Indiana, The obituary will be spoken by 
Reverend Casrnir Sztuczko at Holy Trinity Church. 

v;e wish to add that during the funeral procession the offices of the Polish 
National Alliance will be closed and the employees v/ill repair in a body to 
the church for the services, with the exception of those departments which 
must work. 


The funeral rites at the cemetery will be performed by Reverend V.\ Zapala, 

rector of St. Stanislaus Collece, and K. Zychlinski, president of the 

Polish National Alliance, v;ill speak in the name of the Alliance and other ^? 



r ■« 

II A 5 b - 4 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 Dzienuik Zwiazkowy > Feb. 7, 1917. 
II A 1 

II A 2 The respect with which the v;ork and deserts of the father of 

III C Polish song are regarded by our people i3 attested to by the xin- 
rV usually large nuiiber of people from all strata of society who are 

taking part in the funeral. 

The caslr-^.t ^Aall be carried froii the home to lioly iVinity Church and from the 
Church to the hearse by John F. Smulski; John Scherraan, Stariley Pliszka, 
Leon v^ojczynski, Caesar Dluzewski, otephen Gorecki, John [^J Pallasch, ^ 
Peter Hostenkowski, /^ugust /j^T" ICo^valski , and Teophile V/eyna. 



II A 5 b - 5 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 Dzlennik Zwiazkowy , Feb. 7, 1917. 
II A 1 

II A 2 Alderman Zwiefka, Alderman ffohj^ Szymkowski, Alderman /Etaiile£f 

III C WedkowlcQc, Alderman Sitz, and Alderman B. Adamowski, F. P. Danisch, 

IV Commissioner F« I^dzewskl, Commissioner Albert Nowak, S. Kunz, 

Stanley Adamkiewicz» W« KLoska, W« Szrojda, F. Koraleski, J. Gilmeister, 

F. Schweda, Paul Drzymalski, T* M* Holinski^ Vincent Jozwiakowski, Lawirence 

Przybylski, A. Zembal, I. Stankiewicz, S» Kuflewski, A. Chmielinski, 

W* Sz3rmanski, Joseph Szeszycki, Joseph Smlniewicz, Jacob Sadowski, 

Anthony Kaczoroirski , Paul Giersch, A* Majewski, W» Dobinski, J« Schweda, 

M* VL. Nowickiy F* X* Wleklinskl, P. Mazurkiewicz , Joseph Hellmuth, Lieutenant 

Joseph Palczynski, Attorney J. Janiszewski, W. Stanczewski, F. Eonkowski^ 

J* Derpa, N. Dudzban, Albert Wachowski, Albert Orzechowski^ N. L« Piotrowski, 

A. Czameckiy Ludwig Pinderski, Joseph Wieczorowski , M* Majewski, John Czekala, 

Stanley Glomkowski, W* Perlowski, Joseph Chelminiak, F. Perlowski, J. Kendziora, '^ 

Z. Perlowski, M. Perlowski, J. Urban, Julius Smetanka, J. R. Zielinski, 

L» Parzynski, John Gorny, John Hibner, Leon Dyniewicz, Simon Wojtalewicz, 

I — ^ 



A 3 b 


B 1 a 

III B 2 


A 1 


A 2 



- 6 - POLISH 

Dziennik Zwlazkowy , Feb* 7, 1917* 

H* Siwecki, Joseph Konczyk, Herman Fry, M. Wojtecki, J* Lorkoski, 
J. ?• Szymanski, Michael Kolas^a, J. Steinbach, F. J. iCLaJda 
Dr. A, Balcerzak, Dr. V/. A. KUflewski, Dr. Statkiewicz, J. /fj/ 
Sii]ger, S. Zahajkiewlczi F. Marchlewski, Dr. A. Szwajkart, 
F. Wegierski, W. Szrojda, W. Modrzejewski, F. Urbanski, the Brummel brothers, 
H. Darmar, A. A. Suwalskl, A. Suchomski, M. Gatkowskl, K. V/iecheckl, 
J. Tuszkiewicz, B. J. Zaleski, I. Wrzeszcz, K. Mikitjmski, M. Thlel, R. Hensel, 
Andrew ]^czek, K. Pettkoske, W. Balassa, F. Garbarek, A. Stachowicz, and 

Great masses of flowers and wreaths, sent to the house of mourning, were 
placed about the casket of Anthony Mallek. We have noted flowers and wreaths 
from the following organizations, alliances, and individuals* 

Laurel wreath from Judge M. Blenski of Milwaukee, Wisconsin, censor of the 
Polish National Alliance; laurel wreath from the Central Board of Directors 
of the Polish National Alliance; laurel wreath from the Board or Directors of 

I — 

II -^ o b ■ - 7 - 1-oLi::!: 

II B ]. •( 

III B 2 Dsienr.ilc Sviazl-rov.y, Feb. 7, 1917. 

II A 1 ^ 

^i:^^^ tr? .'^olisii '..o:::oi:'s dliance; -ilso \rve^:th3 frori the rollov/in; '-roups: 

IV ' Ooplana Si . -in - ^oci'.3ty of : iivj-iuJiee, iCuryanski oocioty, 

j'irot O-.'ir of Jt. Ke.:iv;i.-;'s Parish, :>t. ':ed:vi(- *s Ch.>lr of 3t# -edvji(-'s 
Parish, cjiurch coriiiitt e? of Holy Trinity harish; chuirs of Holv Trinit^' Parish, 
!-• 0. hallek^s choirs in ' 'ilvrankoe, Puiluin,; anj. Loan .>^jociati^^ of holy 
Trinity Pixrish, l:.ited Butchers I-a^'in.^ Zo-.ry'i^vrj tha Polish -vbtcrneys* ociety, 
Pathor "ordon Puilain^ and Loan .^^aoci .tion, xOli^h clerhs of the ..unicipal ^ 

Court of Chica"0, Trieads of the PuIh^jTI Jlub, Jociaty of Polish Cr-anists, ^ 

P# Te::.binS':i Jin'inr Toci.^t^ cT 3out:i C;u±, raid holv ^'rinitv Tia -inr .:ociatv. 3 


Plo^:ers v;ere sent by the fcllov/in.'- individuals: J« P* .dnulshi, T, P» PelinsKi, -c 

hr, ano LrSo :% J. I.allak of Pil\.auhee, I ^ry Pallek:, Professor Pitzeha, Pr. .ad £ 

Pro» i.^edrzecki, Po.eah P» .j::i3zniav;icz, John Po Palloh. ..taalev .liszha, .a*s. co 

*..ary ...uza, i..r. aid ..a*o« liosoch hojt' lav;icz, tha iece'.Sjd^s {-r-'adcildren, P'^.r^", r::^ 

Joseph, and Pobert, th'; ;:a:]:il3 of ..iaa Tecilia : allah, !♦ Praybylsiri's pjj.iily, ^^ 
the Prij-inel brothers, I r. and ,.. .. Pu :ilski, I r. P» Chala, Poseph 
Elasi-cu, Jo:eph Szoszycki, 'Ir, J« B. Pielirisii, John 3o jorpa, /.fiorriays 

- 6 - POLISH 

Dziennik Zwiazkovrz- ^ Feb. 7, 1917. 

Royal kV. Irvinr,, Joseph iisza, James M, Breen, Robert C. Busse, 
Leslie E. Cole, Patrick Ji\ 0*Neill, F. Grzeszkowiak, John Karris, 
Jolin Victoria and Joseph Januszevvski, and many others. 

./e will publish the details of the funeral in tomorrow's issue of our paper. 

II A 3 b 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 

II A 1 

II A 2 







II 3 1 a 

IV Dziennik Zwiazkowy , ?eb. 7, 1917. 

:-Ji;30LUTlCIi 0? TRli; ST. C:CCILIA»S giicir 
ON THi: DliLVTH 0? MmiOM I.L'- ■ T.FJK 

At the .'neeting of the 3t. Cecilia *s Choir of St. Wenceslaus Parish, in the 
district of Avondale, on the nev/s of the death of -jithony Llallek, father of ^ 
Polish song in .jierica, a resolution v/as unanimously accepted expressing honor 5 
to the Memory of him who elevated Polish song here in a foreign land to the ^r:. 
heights and who established it permanently here among us. He was justly con- f 
sidered the father of Polish song in America. The St. Cecilia's Choir has ^ 
deeply felt the loss of this worker in the field of song and music, and in o 
quiet concentration over the grave of this v/orthy colleague decided to express 
its sincere sorrow at this irreparable loss and to send the orphaned family, 
plunged in sorrow, its condolences through the paper. 

St. Cecilia's Choir: 

Reverend P. G. Scieszka, chaplain 
Ignace Suwalski, president 



II A 5 b - 2 - POLISH 

II 3 1 a 

TV Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Feb, 7, 1917. 

Julia Mokielski, vice-president 
Anastasia Nov/ak, general secretarj' 
;v. Nowicki, financial secretary- 
Frank Blowy, treasurer 
Felix Pawlowski, conductor 


II A 5 b P0LI31I 

III :3 2 

IV Dziennik Zv/iazko/\n>^ , .eb. 7, 1917. 

riL. D2ATII OF Ai^niOIT MJuililiv 


This is the day of .jithony I la., lei: •s runoral. 

I.Iichael r.iensi.i of ::ilv/aukee, censor of the Polish i.ational Alliance, has sent ^ 
an inpressive vreath for the bier of the latlier of Polish jcng in America. .^ 


The Central Board of )irector3 of the Polish .National .Alliance also sent an ^ 
iriposing .*;reath a:.d took nart en r.iasse in the funeral of the forner secretaiy g 
general of the ;j.liance. ^ 


Crowds of Polish people too:: part in the funeral of this national worker and en 
indefatigable champion of Polish son^^, v;hich resounds nov; over foreign ioil, 
thanlcs to the efforts of such .Tion as .jithony I.lallak, 

II A 5 b - 2 - POLISH 

III 3 2 

IV Dziennik: :6 Wiazkow^^, i^'eb, 7, 1917. 

His spirit has ^-ono beyond, 'ind th^j c^ld ci^-a'^o has covered his body. Foreir^ 
soil has taken a Polish patriot to its bosor.i, to vmon it was not granted to 
lay his bones in a free and united i ol.-ind, as he so ard .ntly desired in his 

It was fitting that our psoplo should honor the lOMor"' of this v/orker, plac- 
ing masses of .vreaths on his bier, and uaicinc ^art in large naibers in the 
funeral. Thus does one take leave onl*'- of persons vmo havo done the nation 
a great c^ervice. 

lienor to the noinor:; of a gallant v/or:e^^ and fomer officer of the Polish 
iiational .dliance, v/'no v;or:ed for the Alliance ivhen it v^as sriall, -oersecuted 
and poor, v/ithout material assets, /jitliony MaMek v/orked not for profit or 
fame and remained at his post during the most difficult times. 



u - ^ ^ ^ 

II B 1 :.. 

IV Dzienik Zydc::l:o-;-, ?eb. 7, 1917. 

:^(yiXj:. ^io:tc:- ::xl]}; 

1 uL: L:^U 

Resolution of th Choir o:^ 3t. Ily.cinth's :";arlsh in vVond^Ale 
on tho Jeivn of t-ie je-dse of .nthoiiy Kallel:, Fat^jr of 
i'Olish oonr in jTieric, .cce;"^ted .t ino orjci^.l 
i:3etin.:: of i-ebru^ry 5, 19lv. 

Inexorublo ue^th .—s t^ke.. from ur .: ••r='at ^iusici ,n of tho connon y-ople, 
vjiio brou;-ht up :- 'hole :;inr:i..,, ;*e.icjrutio:i of younc ?ol3o in jnoric, v;hof^e 
p^:triotic .^on^-s li/v.-tao th'3 Vurdens of olish ii:ij-i'''r_:nt3 in Ihe 
fr-ie i^.nd of ;.'_is:iin(:ton for ^ ::u-.rtjr of -. centu--y. 

Polonid has lost a worthy citizen, zhe cliLirch h^s lost o 3 of -he ".est re- 
ligious poets, tha f.Ai.ily . is lost a r.ost eminent re:':-3se it -.tive, rid the 
singers :;nd nusici^.ns h.iv? lOst their ^:93t '. .rd. 

Sincere sorro/. touches us to the depths, '"e v:ill nir^s hira for ^^ lonn, ^ very 
long, tine! Honor to his sr^irit; r^s-ect ^^or ..s t:r3l3:^s -ork nd -r- :t 

II A 3b - 2 - POLIoH 

II 3 1 a 

IV Dzie:.iiiil: ^v;i:ijko:vy > Beb. 7, 1917 


!uay God rev:urd nin with h.uven, nay .lis so:i£ ..nd i.enory livo in ?olish hearts 
for ages! 

Td) tiie grieving fciriily v:e S3nd our heartfelt syr.iputhy, 

St, Kyacint^i's Choir 
Ros .lis Burvrig 
!• Lii?nan 
J. ]:ikulski 

II -a 3 b 


B 2 



I a 


Dziennik -:v:iazkov;y , ?'3b. 6,* 1917. 

ICow when the ."^reat ^.var ra^es in .-Jurone, inexorable death, as thou^^h mocking* 
our fate, strikes in our ranks, takin-* away our leaders and lOland's best sons, 
not only on I-olish soil but in all the countries //here thay have gathered to 
v;ork for her deliverance from bonda.^e. 

Here v;e stand at tha bier in v:hich rest the regains of .-jithonv ...allek, our dear - 
brother in the .-illiance, indefatif-able v/orker in the nationalistic field and in -^ 
the xxlliance, the first comooser and father of lolish son^: in .inerica, secretary-^^ 
general of the rolish National .illiance, a citizen of preat virtues and deserts. f::^ 


V/hereas, .-vnthonv Llallek, as one of the first -oioneers of the lolish enip^res in -r! 
the United States, continued from be^innin^ to end in his noble v;ork for the 
homeland ; and 

jliereas, .mthuny '..allek took over the office of secretary reneral of the /JLli- 
ance at the ei^^hth convention, at a most difficult and critical time, vjhen from 

II A 5 b - 2 - POLISH 

III B 2 

III H Dzlennlk Zwiazkowy , Feb. 6, 1917. 
I G 

IV all sides thunderbolts were being hurled at our small ranks in an 
attempt to break them up and destroy them, and to bury the patriotic work 

begun by the Alliance; and 

Whereas, Anthony Medlek, as secretary general, persevered in his policy, and 
by great effort, tact, and good advice saved our organization from destruction; 
therefore be it 

Resolved, That the members of the Central Board of Directors, gathered today 
at their meeting of February 5, 1917, motivated by deep grief at the loss 
that the Alliance bears throi:igh the loss of this fearless champion, honor him 
by rising; and be it futher 

Resolved > That they shall be guided by his example and will persevere in the 
work for the homeland to the end; and be it further 

Resolved , That this memorial resolution be entered in the minutes and 
published in the Alliance publications for the information of all brothers 


3 b 

J~ J- ^ 


-r • 


1 '> 




ar^<l ^ir^t^Ts inth'"^ Jll^^^^'^e, an 1 t^'M.- 'i c-^-^-^^ o? this r^rr^lu^ion ■ -^ 


" T . -K". ^ r- -) / , .; , ' 1 -t- 



Dziennik Zwlazkowy , Feb. 6, 1917. 


In memory of Anthony Mallek, our oldest worker, organist, and teacher in Holy 
Trinity Parish, Chicago, Illinois. 

Sincere grief has enveloped our entire parish and along with it the Pulaski Club. 

We members, gathered together at our meeting of February 5, upon hearing the sad 
news of the death of Anthony Mallek, were plunged in sorrow at the loss of one 
of the oldest workers of Holy Trinity Parish and of the Pulaski Club, the father o 
of Polish song in America. oj 


We members of the Pulaski Club express our deep sympathy to the family of the ^ 
deceased in the name of the Club. 

Administrative Board: 
Paul Nawrot, president J. Poleyn, financial secretary 

E. S. Melle, vice-president F. J. Schweda, treasurer 

J. Andrzejewski, general secretary 


II .. 3 b 

T -r 
X w 

Dzj ennlk y'riazkovr.^ , ?eb. 6, 1917. 

:Ie v;ho in a forei'^n land revived and encouraged . oli^/n son.r .jith all his 
mir-ht, '/-^ho nur5;ed it and spread it abroad, has passed a'*.na7. 

Cur father, mentor, ani teacher is no "ore. I-e has left lis in deep sorrov/, 
us his youn,'^-est children of son;:. 


l."evertheless he lives and v;ill continue to live in his .vork and in th.e noble :v. 
r.axi^n, ''service of th.e nation, service of "^od calls me." :^::: 

?'a:/ this forei^'^n soil'-:ei::h lirditly on this indefatigable vrorker. 

To his fanily in^^ersed in ^:ri ef re r-end sincerest expressions of s\T^.path3^. 

Tiie choirs of tlie Church of 
holv Trinit^^ in Chicago 



II A 2 

IV Dzlennlk Zwlazkowy ^ Feb. 6, 1917. 



Considering that inexorable death has taken from our midst and the midst of 
the Polish emigres in America a noble, sincere, and true Pole, Anthony Mallek, 
father of Polish song in America, a good adviser, and official notary of our 
association; and 

Considering further that Anthony Mallek encouraged young Polish-Americans in 
every way possible toward productive efforts in the social field; and 

Considering that our young people have been deprived of a wise councillor and 

We the undersigned directors of the Alliance Building and Loan Association and 
former pupils of the deceased do hereby offer the widow and family our sincerest 
sympathy in their hour of grief. 

II A 5 b - 2 - POLISH 

II A 2 

IV Dzlennlk Zwlazkowy , Feb. 6, 1917. 

May the foreign soil weigh lightly on him. 

(Signed) Adalbert L. Balassa, president 

F. P. Garbarek, vice-president ^ 
Anthony J, Zglenicki, treasurer 5 

Directors: /cri 

Frank A. Osuch p 

Joseph Slupkowski ^ 

Edward Przybylski o 

Ludwig Pinderski ^ 



II B 1 a 

IV Dzlennlk Zwiazkowy , Feb* 6, 1917. 


News of the death of Anthony Mallek, father of Polish song in America and gal- 
lant worker in the nationalistic field, has spread all over Chicago like light- 
ning, filling with sorrow many singing societies and those who knew Anthony ^ 
either personally or by repute. 


J — 

Various societies keep sending in expressions of their sjnnpathy to the deceased* r 
grief -stricken wife, Anna, and his sons and daughters. -^ 

Yesterday the Philaret Choir and the Chopin Choir No. 1 gave an appropriate ^ 
expression of their affection and respect for Anthony Mallek. The singers ^ 
gathered in a body at the home of the deceased, 2125 Haddon Avenue, and with 
tears in their eyes bade farewell in song to the true founder of Polish song on 
American soil. 

The Philaret Choir \xnder the direction of Professor B. Rybowiak sang '*The Prayer, •* 
and the Chopin Choir No. 1 sang the well-known ^Funeral March.** 

II A 3 b - 2 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

IV Dzlennlk Zwlazkowy , Feb. 6, 1917. 

The sad tones of the song, the tears in the eyes, and the frequent sighs issu- 
ing from the breasts of those present are the best proof that the death of 
Anthony Mallek has touched everyone. 




II B 2 d (2) 

II B 2 d (3) Dziennik Zwiazkowy > Feb. 5, 1917. 

III B 3 a 


III B 2 Father of Polish Song in America Is Dead 
III B 4 

III C Inexorable death has again taken from our ranks a man of great merits 
I C in the nationalistic and social fields, a good Pole, an exemplary 

IV husband and father, a good citizen of this country, and a loyal son ^ 

of the Catholic Church. Anthony Mallek, father of Polish song in 

America, was a tireless worker in the field of music, a member of the Polish 
National Alliance for many long years, and former secretary general of the 




He died yesterday at 4:10 A.K. , surrounded by his family, after a long illness ^ 
which cut the thread of his industrious life. 

The name of Anthony Llallek is well known among American Poles, especially in 
music circles, as he was the first to spread Polish song and music here. He 
organized church and national choirs, published many of his own compositions, 
and compiled textbooks of songs and music. He well deserved the name of father 

II A 5 b - 2 - POLISH 

Dzlennik Zwiazkowy , Feb* 5, 1917 • 

of Polish song in iUaerica* 

Anthony Mallek was bom on May S, 1851, at Ogorzellny, Chelm, V/est Prussia* 
He received his earliest musical training from his father, Stanley Mallek, 
who was a talented organist and musician in the village of Waldowie* During 
the Franco-Prussian War, when the Prussian government was drafting eighteen- ^ 
year-old recruits, our Anthony, persuaded by his father and friends, came to ^ 
America in 1871 in order to escape being drafted into the Prussian sunny* The <:^ 
journey was a relatively good one, lasting sixteen days from Bremerhaven to P 
New York, and three days from New York to Chicago* In Chicago Anthony was 
welcomed by his brother, John Mallek, on ^darch 31, 1871* 


During his first year in Chicago, Anthony worked at the Illinois Central Rail- 
road depot, where he was introduced by friends who had known his father, i^ 
Stanley Mallek, in the homeland. He worked there until the time of the great 
Chicago fire, which destroyed one-fourth of the city* After the fire was under 
control, he was one in a gang of laborers looking among the ruins for the safe 

II A 3b - 3 - roLi3n 

Dzien i:- Zy;ia z;:p vnr , 7eb. 5, 1917. 

of the Illinoir, Central. 

As a result of the illness of -Vilanit, te-iclier and or^-;nist of 3t. Stanislaus 

KostlcJa Churcli in Chica-:o, .oitliony Ilallolc v;a3 c-.lled upon to sei^vo as a substitute 

te-iCher and or^unist, v/hirjh position .7ris piven hiia oorhianontly ia 1872. i-it this 
ti'Tit=; he sent for his brothor Const- lutia^ Llallek, who cane to ,-jneric ,, 

In the field of nusic, ;aithony*s first acconplisluient v/as to organize the first 
Polish chuvc]i choir in 3t. StunisLuus Kostk-i Church in Chioajjo; he produced the 
Lambillote Paschale l<xiss to the accoup-'j-uiraent of Irofessor Lav/insVi^s orchestra 
and was the first one to populririiLe Polish son^^^s. 

In the year of 1873-74 /mthony v/as t'^ iclier and or:;unist at St. Stanislaus Church 
in llilwaulcee, where ho likewise or jaui/.ed tlie first Polish parish choir. 

In 1875 ho accepted the position of teacher and or^^anist at St. CasirairVs Church, 
Ilorthein, 'Jisconsin. Here, also, he organized the first Polish choir of St. 



II A 5 b - 4 - PGLIJH 

Dziennik Zv.iazkov.y , Feb. 5, 1917. 

Gasimir^s. ot. Jasiinir^s Jhoir Trained renouTi throu;;;h its rood sinners and the 
talented soloist Liiss ^jma Zych, v;ho lc:ter beca:ne Llrs. Liallek, ^uithony's vdfe. 

In 1876 he also orgrmized the first Liale choruc of Jt. Jasinir^s in the Polish 
settlejaent of Northein. 

In the field of son-:, .Jithony did not ijtop v;ith the tv.o choirs v.hich vjere al- 
ready in existence tnere, but founded a mixed choir in the GeraTian parish of 
St. Peter's in Nev^ton, and n v-orien*s choir in the Irish parish in Leemee. 

In 1879 /Uithony v;as appointed justice of the peace in Lanitov;oc Gounty. VJhile 

in office he defended the Poles against bein^ taken advantage of by the Germans; 

he pacified and C':L:ied his compatriots in matters which v;ere often rather dif- ^;j; 


On November 11, 1G79, .-aithony married Liss ^jina Zych. 

In 1880 .jithony chan^^ed places v.ith his brother Jonstantine and took over the 

II A 3 b -5- POLISH 

Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Feb* 5, 1917« 

position of organist and teacher at Holy Trinity Church in Chicago^ He did 

this because he was well acquainted with the affairs of this pariah, which 

at that time was having difficulties, ^^^^slators* note: We have not been 

able so far to leam what these diff icxxlties were* The affair was very noisy 

and the papers of that period are full of it, but they do not state what the 

case was^/ In Chicago he worked first in the field of song with the mixed choir ^ 

of Holy Trinity Parish, which ?ras founded by his brother, Constantino Mallako 


When Holy Trinity Church was closed, Anthony was engaged as director by the 
Harmonia Singing Society, which was founded by Constantino Mallek» The Harmonia 
Ringing Societ^ prospered and its choir was well received everywhere. ^ 

Anthony conducted a little parish school while Holy Trinity ^^^urchT* was having ^ 
its difficulties. In order to improve the social life of the parishioners, he 
organized on September 28, 1883, the Holy Trinity Parish Singing Society, \iriiich 
was a male choir • He was therefore directing three choirs at that time. 

II A 5 b - 6 - POLISB 

Dzlennik Zwiazkowy. F ebt 5, 1917 • 

In order to eifford the singers greater access to music ^ Anthony Mai lek pro-* 
posed that they purchase type for music and publish Polish songs» The 
Haimonia and Holy Trinity choirs supported this idea and helped him financially 
to purchase type for music in 1884» In January, 1885, the first collection of 
Polish national songs for male choirs and a little monthly publication, Ziamo ^ 
(The Seed) were issued* In December of the same year selections for the piano ; 
were published* 

On April 8, 1888, Anthony organized the Wanda Wcaaen^s CShoir of Holy Trinity ! 
Parish* On July 3, 1888, he also organized the Chopin Male Choir of Holy • 
Trinity Parish. These choirs at that time developed excellent technique and 
were the pride of the Chicago Poles* 



In 1889 Anthony was elected secretary general of the Polish National Alliance ^ 
at the Buffalo Convention^ There he met the composer Anthony Eatski and 
Professor Zielinski* Anthony Mallek took over the office of secretary at a 
very criticad time in the life of the Polish National Alliance, but through 

II A 5 b - 7 - POLISH 

Dziennik Zvjiazkov.y , 7eh. 5, 1917, 

work, perseverance, and energ:^ he ironed out all difficulties and stabilized 
its existence for the future. He held the office of secretary general for six 
years, beinr elected thi^ee times, at the conventions in Buffalo, Detroit, and 

'.^liile an officer of the Polish National ^illiance, ijithony kept on working on 5 

the development of Polish sincin^; he also did his best to obtain justice for -ci 

Holy Trinity Parish in Chicago, vjhich being persecuted. In November 1889, ^ 

Mallek and Joseph GilLmeister went to V/ashington and Baltimore as delegates of ^- 

Holy Trinity Parish. In Baltimore they visited .archbishop Satolle, the papal o 

delegate. V.Tiile in Baltimore, by a strange coincidence, Llallek visited the ".^ 

vessel ''Herman," standing in port, on v;hich he had come to /America eighteen f^^ 

years earlier. Vihile in ;,ashington he called on Benjamin Harrison, President ^^ 
of the United States. 

In 1890, when the second convention of the Polish Singers^ Alliance was held in 
Milwaukee, Anthony was elected director general for the second time. 

II A 3 b - 8 - POLISH 

Dzlennik Zwlazkowy^ Feb* 5, 1917 ♦ 

In 1891 Anthony organized a musical contest for the Polish Singers* Alliance 
of America, with prizes for the sixteen best compositions sent in on a cantata 
celebrating the one-hundredth anniversary of the acceptance of the Polish Con- 
stitution of May 3, 1791* 

For the celebration of the one-hundredth anniversary of the Constitution of 
May 3 9 Anthony sent all the groups of the Polish National Alliance in all the 
Polish settlements in America copies of the military air **March of the Guard 
of Honor*** The music was mimeographed by Mr» M« Majewski, treasurer of the 
Polish National Alliance* 

In 1891 the third convention of the Polish Singers* Alliance of America was 
held in Chicago, at which Anthony was re-elected director general for the third 

In 1891 the Central Bocord of Directors of the Polish National Alliance sent 
Anthony, together with Mr* S* Adalia Satalecki, president, to Mr* Ealusowski, 
in Washington, in regard to making an agreement whereby the library and museum 


II A 5 b - 9 - POLISH 

Dziennik Zyjazkowy, Feb, 5, 1917, 

would become the property of the Alliance, 

On April 26, 1892, Anthony was host to Anthony Eat ski, composer and honorary 
member of the Polish National Allismce, On his return from Kansas, Eatski went 
directly to the office of the secretary general, and there wrote 'TPhe March of 
the Polish National Alliance^ while a storm was raging outside. When lightning :^ 
struck a neighboring house, the old gentleman jumped up intending to abemdon ^ 
the idea of any further writing, but on Anthony Mallek*s persuasion he finished ^ 
the composition. The manuscript was given to the library of the Polish National F 
Alliance, ^ 


In 1892 Anthony received a letter from the committee of the Columbian Exposition 
addressed to all the Polish societies in Chicago, inviting them to take part in 
the civilian parade. After calling together all the societies and organizing ct? 
a committee, in spite of all the obstacles set up by his compatriots, Anthony, 
together with the committee, obtained permission from General Uiles to form a 
Polish division in the civilian parade. 

II A 3 b - 10 - POLISH 

Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Feb. 5, 1917. 

In September 1892 the fourth convention of the Polish Singers^ Alliance of 
America was held at Grand Rapids, IJicfcigan* Anthony was elected director 
general for the fourth time. Anthony Katski, Doctor of Music , was present 
at the convention. 

After the Grand Rapids convention, Anthony had a great deal of work to do in 
connection with the civilian parade of the Columbian Exposition and with the -g 
publishing of the piano arrangement of the *^arch of the Polish National 
Alliance. •♦ 


On June 5, 1893, Anthony played the organ during the Mass celebrated by Archbishop^ 
Satolle at Holy Trinity Church* This was a triumphant day for the cause and an i^ 
\inusually great day in Anthony's life, as he lived to share in the victory after ^ 
so many years of persecution. 5! 

Besides all the works which we have only partially listed, Anthony Mallek 
published the following: 

II A 3 b - 11 - POLISH 

Dziennik ZwiaZxCQwy , Feb. 5, 1917. 

1. The Seed > a collection of Polish songs for male choruses, 1890. This work 
contains one hunared songs and took Anthony three years of painstaking work 
to complete. 

2. School of Song, and Sonets for Children . 

3. Polish National Hymns, for the piano. 

4. "Students' Life,'* v;altz, for the piano. 

5. "Desire for Spring " waltz, for the piano. 

6. "May Breeze," waltz, for the piano. £ 

7. Ernst's "Cantata," for choir and piano. ^ 

8. Katski's "Polonaise," for if.ale chorus. -^ 

9. Religious and j\ineral Hymns , for male chorus. r-- 

10. Katski's "karch of the Polish National /illiance," for the piano. ^ 

11. "Kosciusko's .Var Signals," for the piano. ^ 

12. "Signals of Pulaski's Cavalry," for the piano. 

^^* The Seed , Series II, for male chorus. This Vvork contains fifty male quartets. 

14. The Seed , Series III, for women's choruses, with piano accompaniment. 

15. "Live," by A. Mallek, for mixed and male choruses. 
^^* ^^^^ Songs for Children . 

17. "God's Moment on Earth,'* church songs for organ and two voices. 

II A 5 b _ - 12 - TOLl^l 

Dzienrilt: Zwiazkovy , Feb. 5, 1917. 

^n adciition lie published "The Son^^ of ^/ork," 'aiarcli of the Polish IJomen's 
Alliance," "Son^: of the Innocent Polish Ihiui-liters," "The Polish .Toirvan Patriot," 
and a ^reat miny^ other conpositionvS, for which v;e do not have space here. 

^Xnthony I.Iallek died at the age of 65 years and nine nonths. Up until the time 
v/hen he became ill, he filled the post of organist at Holy Trinity Parish and 
directed several choirs. 

Surviviar- him are his widow, ilnna T.iallek, nee Zycji; two sons, Joseph, 33 years 
old, and^Leon, 28; and tv:o daughters, /aina, 35, and Cecilia, 17, both music 

The funeral of this patriot and champion of Polish song on forei.?n soil will 
be held on Februat^y 7 at the hone of the dece.-^.sed, 2125 Iladdon Avenue. The 
requiem mass v/ill be celebrated in Holy Trinity Ohu?^ch at 11 A.M. He will be 
buried at St. Adalbert's Cemetery. Llr. Ilorzeniov/ski , undertaker, life-long 
friend of the deceased, will take charge of the funeral. The f^iner<il will 
no doubt be very impressive, as the deceased v/as very popular among all the 


II A 3 b - 13 - POLISH 

Dzleimik Zwiazl^owy , Feb. 5, 1917. 

Polish factions. 

The Poles in America have lost one of their most prominent men, and this loss 
will be greatly felt, especially where Polish songs resound. May this gallant 
champion and indefatigable worker rest in eternal peace. Although he has gone jg 
beyond, his work will remain after him as a witness of his fine and noble effort^ 
We extend our deepest sympathy to the members of the f airily of the deceased. 

- I 


II A 3 b Dziennik 2wiazkov;y , Mar. 19, 1909. 


POLISH si::ger ii: yest':rday's co]:cert 

The elite of our Chica^:o Polish settlenent <^Tathered at the Y.M.C^A. Auditorium 
last nirht; doctors, laTvj^ers, journalists, many Polish "businessmen with their 
wives and daughters, anf^, probably, all members of our Polish dramatic clubs 
and choirs, every Pole who is ever slightly attracted b;^" music, as well as 
every one who desired either to see or hear the singer, was i^resent. 

Miss Felicia Honanowski, known as the mnster of Polish songs, "oroved last night 
at the Y.M.C^A. Auditorium, that she is entitled to that honor. 

Those sweet melodies of Polish songs, revered by every soul, were exnressed so 
thrillingly and artistically by Miss -"V^manowski that she won the hearts of -II. 

The first two songs: "Dudziarz" and "Gustava, " composed by Paderewski, revealed 
her great talent and thorough study but these selections did not prove very 
effective. However the other airs, especially "Wracaj" (Return) by Johji Gall, 
with its sweet ar^r^eal to Polish wanderers, entreatin ; them to retim to their 
homes, the forests and fields, stirred the soul and captivated the r>ublic. 
Last night's concert gave our youth an opportunity to hear and admire our 
euphonious language and nnsic. 

II A 3 1) 

IV Dziennik Zrriazkowy, Mar. 19, 1909. 

Wiss Romariowski, aside from being a singer is also a car-able actress; she Tvas 
rewarded with enthusiastic applause and the concert must be recorded as having 
been a great success. 


II A 5 b 



'HI O 

I^'ot very Ion'" p- ""^ xve '■*av(^ tlie in Cor nation in these c^'^lurim'^ that l.irs. 
/>rie Mr<'»o''''^ov/'T^ i (foiirierly T'ss Do'^tc"^'' i) v^^^^i^t'^^- ~h*^' ^i-^ht nf free 
3cholu>"Sii.lo in the -"^h ' "* *^i - o t u*^^. ''*'^.l ^^'^ll^^-'o; b'^o^iusc oi-»r :• n''^or.^.ation 
v;as inco-finlete, ■'"h^^^efore we r^o^-Tle^-e '\t toda^^ irith a l^^tt^r received 
from the rre:^iient o:^' the abo'/o :ne iti '^ned college, I.Ir* F. Zief^i'eld* 
Tai^ letter liter*^.!!''' son"''''=? a? follov;s: 

Chin '^. :^o , II 1 "^ no i s 

?^Iv Dear Si-: 

!^ would stM>^ tba~ onr ^re'- scliclc r r^h ins wp:'c- ••''.-•mrd^d ^n ' epcemher 19 OB, 
'^nd the r'^'"^ul:-r exa^Anr-^ tion o^ nil a^^" li^eoi'^? '^mc t^l'l <\t t.ti^ '^^11'^"*? 
on 3epte!nh'=?r 2, o, 4 anH S hefoi^'o th^ onti.-e fac'^lty of^ the dif'*erent 
branches. Ivlrs. i^erin^ wa*^ aiv-\rled a full •T'ree sch'-larshi ^ in ^'ocal 

1 1 " n 

- ? - POLISI-I '; N^K f-f 

^•pimiV ni-^'---^osiH , ^^ol^ XTX, Ijo. 297, Dec. 21, 190-^* •— 

f''3?0) *^nd ^ece:vf=^vS u'^v free i an tructi'^n ^vom I.irs» 0, L. Fox for the 
ent-l^'9 yp'^^*. Since then no free scholarshi-n.^ have been avAxrded except 
in Itali<^n -^n^ H-r-iiony tn ?,Irs* wlarie llcClosir^/, forraerly Iv'-' s^ Marie 
Dobrocki • 

St ncerel".'' r''ours , 
«. •- ■' 

P. Zi'^-'-feld 
Prcoiden^. o:^ the Chi^^^'^o ■•'usical "^ollere* 

Dzlennlk Zvlazkowy , Dec. 7, 1908. 

IV — "^ A -^ 


The Bay City Syn-nhony Orchestra, a musical society of Chica.^o, is arranging 
three lar^^e sym-ohony concerts at the V/ashin^ton Theatre. At one of these 
concerts, that of the l^^th of December, Mrs. Rose Kwasigroch, our femous 
sin,^er, will be the main soloist. Mrs. Kwasi-'^roch will render six 
selections; four with -niano, two with orchestral acconDatiiment . 

She will sineT in Polish, Ihglish, German, Italian and Latin. Knowing !'rs# 
Kwasigroch to be a singer of hi^h calibre, we are T>ositive lier audience 
will be "oleased. Tliis will add another leaf to her wreath of fame. 

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II A 3 b 

Dzlennlk Chi cr^gioski . Vol. XIX, No. 175, July 27, 1908. 


Miss Phyllis Romanowska, who is well knomi to the public as an artist 
and songstress by her performances in the last four concerts, made her 

the V/omen's Trade Union League 

.no. songstress cy n^r pen '-'iuiaixv^^.^ ah viav. j.caww - >^-* ^ — ^^.^«, 

irst apnearance this year in the concert given under the auspices of 

he V/omen's Trade Union League, at the Masonic Temple, Saturday, July 25. 

The public greeted Miss Romanowske with the greatest ovation and applause. 
The mass consisted of mostly Polish people who were greatly interested in 
the fine v;ork and performances of i!iss Romanowska. 

Miss Romana^yska's pro^^ram consisted of French, Italian, German and Polish 
songs, old numbers and new. The first song was from T ^-ski Pruccinie, second 
was'^the French "Folk ")ance" from the time of Ludivig XI, third was Chopin's 
"Mazurka," and the last song was the "Polish Country Songs." The api^lause 
was so great Miss Romanowska had to ^ive an encore of "Sstasi," by Schubert. 

Miss R. Gretchen also appeared on this concert program and sang "S^innrade," 



II A 3 b - 2 . POLISH 

Dzlennlk Chlca^^oskit Vol. XIXt No. 175, July 27, 1908. 

by Schubert and "Valse De Concert." Mr. Raymond RobJnSt e.t the head of this 
concert, thanked the public for their beautiful support. 

To conclude the program Mr. A. Dresden played Beethoven's "Andante in P, " 
on the "nieno. 


II A 3 b 

II B 2 d (2) 


Dziennik Zwiazkowy , June 1, 1908 • 


A very splendid concert by the DrosDering Polish-Lithuanian Organists Association 
was staged last evening in Walsh's Hall. The hall was filled to capacity, which 
proves that this association enjoys the full cooperation of the public. 

The prograim vas comprised of seven numbers, which were splendidly performed by 
the united male choirs, assisted by the orchestra, under the direction of Mr. 
Anton A^/Xf^^^k* The concert of joyful, native compositions, and the delightful 
entertainment continued to a late hour. 

Participants of the concert were presented with a first edition of Lutnia , which 
is to be the official or5:an of the as'^^ociation and v/ill be published at frequent 
intervals for the Purpose of fostering the culture of religious and national song 
and music. The first edition of Lutnia , contains "ohotographic reproduction of 
the members of the association. Besides the prefatory article, by Mr. Anton 
Mallek, there are several others, devoted to music and songs, including the first 
part of "7eni Creator", by Mr. E. Walkiewicz. 

II A 5 b 


Dziennik Ludowy > Vol. II, No. 76, March 30, 1908 


Last Saturday afternoon in the hall of the local Musical College on Michigan 
Avenue, there scppeB^red two Polish yo\xng women "before the entire faculty and 
a large audience gathered for this occasion, composed of teachers of music, 
singers and professional artists of music. 

The first to appear was Miss Agnes Nehring, soloist at St. Stanislaus Kostka 
Church, and at present ending her studies iinder the direction of the famous 
Mrs, Fox. She sang "Voce di Primavera" by Johann Strauss 

The second was Miss W. Heymar from St. Adalbert's Parish, a violinist, already 
very popular. She played the Spanish Symohony "Lalo". 

Both artists gained the acknowledgement of the listeners, with repeated ovations. 

II A 3 b 


Dziennik Ludowy , Vol. 22, No* 74, March 24, 1908 


We had a very pleasant time last evening at the rehearsal of the Pilaret 

We must admit that Polish songs have not had such representation in America 
"before* We saw grouped together the most excellently schooled Polish singers, 
such as it would he difficiilt to find in another choir. 

The concert, in which the Filaret Choir ar)pear8 next Sunday, will be a r)uhlic 
exhibition, and which will best give proof of the praise, expressed by us in 
these few words. 

Among the many attractions, one's attention is called to the "Song of the 
Shepherd" on the flute. This number fills more than one listener with emotion, « 
reminding him of the poems of our native land. 

Not desiring however to prejudice our readers by rendering our judgement, which 
can be nothing but very praiseworthy, we advise everybody, who can take advantage 


Dziennik Ludowy , Vol. 22, No. 74, March 24, 1908 

\\i : ' •/ 

of the opportunity next Sunday, to go to Atlas Hall, 32-34 Emma Street to 
hear the singing of the "best Polish choir in America. 

Let these singers know that their efforts answer the spiritual needs in this 

country, where in the general pursuit for ^old, the spirit grows stale and the 

heart cools - and for a long tine we will mention with pleasure about the 
emotions experienced by their song. 

II A 3 b 

Dziennlk Ludowy , Vol. II, ITo. 71, !!arch 24, 1908 -'- "^ 



Miss Agnes Nehring, well kii0\7n in Polish singing circles, a T^rote^^e of the 
local Conservatory of I!u.sic, will appear this evening in a program composed 
of the most "beautiful conT^ositions of Gall, Moniuszko and Chopin, at the 
Congress Hall, in an evening of music, given hy the Anerican fraternal 
organization, Knights of Columbus* 

II A 3 b 



^ «^:^ 

Dziennik Ludo^v-^ Vol. 1, Vo 210, Kovember 20, 1907 /^'•'■H 

CHICAGO ^s^'/ y 


A Polish concert perforniance v;ill take -olace this Saturday, I'ovenber 27^, in 
the ^Jalsh Hall. This concert's i.istitutor is I'ary Kerkl, a well Icno^Tn and 
successful singer before Chicago oudieiices. Beside Hiss I'erkl there also v;ill be 
a corroajiy of selected rrtists who ^7ill do their part, in rnrJrin^q: this a real 
artistic recrection for the listeners. 


This will be an in-'^ortant e\'ent displayed for the benefit of the Polish 
Polonia here in Ch:ca.^o. 

After the concert a ball vdll be held. 

II A 5 b 
II B 1 a 



l\arod P ol3^-i, Vol^ XI, Ko. 12, I/rr^b '^0, 1?07. 

The concert of ^>. John A. Viallek, with Mrs. •■I, Smulski and :,:*«=-s ^. 11. 
Stevone , in Asisooi'-^ tion Audlfcorium Hall, was ver-- suer^essful. The hall 
was f^'lled up wi t'« « ^nhlir* th^.-*: fltfcent^-^l:^ studied the ^e?.hninue of 
our famous artist, Ivlr, .' . I.Iallel'. 

'T'h'^ 1 ^'^'■f'eners were sur^r^sed ^'^^'' tv^e wnn^erf-iil voice of L'rs. Smuls^'i, 
and the .«^-ill o-^ o-h^r artists, "iv^io after rerc^.ted applause accom- 
modated with encores. 

II A 3 b 

II B 1 a 


Narod Polski . Vol, XI, No. 8, Feb. 20, 1907 


I.Ir. John A. Mallek, violinist, will give a concert on f>:arch 13, in the 
Association Auditorium, Y.M.C.A., 153 LaSalle St. 

Also the singer, Ivlrs. H. Smulski, will be takinp, part in the program. 

I.!r. Jv'allek is a talented violinist with a bright future. 



±x D 1 a. 


V^^^A (ILL.) PROJ., 302/5 


Zu-on.::os::i , Vol» :?;il, ];o. 300, Sept. 12, 1906 


Llr. John Llallek, a famouc viol5nlct, compoGed a v/orderful march for the 

d of the Holy Trinity parish. The b:uid v;ill plry this nev; ccinposition f 
first tir.o ^ the ccnsecration of their nevr church. 


II '. 3 b POLISH 

II 3 1 a 

IV Dz iennik Chic^^r.oski , Vol. XVII, IIo. IJ^O, Llay 26, 1906^,;^. •.•..^J rRO, ^'UZ;i 


V.*e present Ilr. Karol T. Kow^slski us one of the best Polish tenors in 
America. Mr. KoTrmlski /;^^<i'-^''^"^^^ '//ith honor from the Chic ^o Ilusioal College. 
He possesses a hi^^h tenor voice, if he would only practice more (as is his 
aim to do so), he could beco le an outstanding singer. The music critics 
predict for this Pole success in the future. Hot only the Polish but like- 
wise the American public is interested in this tenor. In Chic -30 and other 
sections of town Ilr. Kov/alski very often is presented in public und ^rivcte 
festivities, of v/hich he v^as invited by the more prominent meric-ns. Many 
times the English papers have v/ritten about Mr. Kov/alski and praised him 
about the talent he possesses. Llay 16th there v/as a concert held here in 
Chiougo in which I.Ir. Kowalski pi^rticiputed. He sang a duet v;ith LIr. P. I.Iallek 
the "Songs of our Fatherland" by Debinski. Beside the presentation of these 
two fellow countrymen other numbers on the program were equally popul Tf such 
as lir. J. liallek, a famous violinist, Hedwig Smulska, Prof. Ghopek and 
m:^ny other musical artists. 

I.Ir. Eowalski is sti 1 very young and for the past seven years he works in 
promoting the singing of 3t. l.Iichaels ..rchangel p rish in oouth Chicago. 



II A 3 b NAROD POLSKI , Vol. VIII. No. 13. I^ar.30,1904. , p-,, .,-7* 




At a meeting of Polish organists in Chicago which took place Mar, 12, 1904 at Holy * 
Trinity Hall there was organized an association of Polish Organists, Roman 
Catholics, who from experience felt the need of such an organization with the 
intention of working in cooperative work between themselves and the members 
of their respective ohoirs in the field of voice culture and music and in order 
to bring about closer social relations between the Polish organists of iimerica. 

Such cooperative work will greatly contribute to the cultivation of Church and 

National music, also Polish art in general, it will produce Polish songs during ^ 

church and National holidays, elevate the status of the Poles in America and \ 

will encourage our youth to work and especially in the various parochial choirs. ] 

It is estimated that the parochial choirs under the direction of Polish organists ; 
in Chicago will constitute whe immense choir of 1000 members. | 

II A 5 b 


•i.i ,.-; 

Dzlennik Chicagoski , Vol* XIV, No. 200, Au^st 27, 1903* 


There will be a forty-five piece band concert sponsored by the Seventh Regi- 
ment, on the 28th of August, in Douglas Park, and so you Poles should benefit 
by this opportunity given you. 

The admission is free to all listeners. The program consists of Polish musical 
compositions, like Mazurki by Mr. B. J. Zalewski, and "Public Cracow," gathered 
and arranged also by Mr. Zalewski. There can be more Polish festivals presented, 
but that is up to the public to demand them. 

It would be wonderful if the Poles turned out in vast numbers and filled up 
this park, so that our national dramcitic and musical creations could get the 
admiration they deserve. 

II H 5 b Dzle nnik C^:ic.i. ?03ki , L'a- 9, 1903. ?OLI.?H 

TI B 1 a 


Preparations bei:ig r. .de for .i big orciiestrai concert to be rendered 
by the .:owicki Brothers, v;ith the help of t le Tolisli C;:.tholic Federation. 
It will t:ike plciCe in j pdrochi--tl school ..t t'l^ corner of "i^xchan^ve .iVenue 
and 88th Street, ounday, May 10, ut 10 ?, ] . 

V/agons filled vvlth p^lms and ferns are being brought in to c^ecorate this 
large hcall. In front of the sta^e ^-lere has been arranged a suitable plat- 
foiTTi for the organization singers, wlio will also take part in this ^"^rogram. 

The orchestra that ;vill furnish the r^usic is v;ell known, as it has played 
during the last seasoa in concerts at ."'ur.boldt P^rk ^ad frora tine to tir.e 
has played in conjunction with the Tiiomas Orchestra. 

We are told that the ain of presenting this co:.cert is not to benefit 
financially, but to present a useful p-dstime, \^'hol2soir:e -md pleasant. 

^mother object of the Federation is to -et acquainted v;ith the public in 
general, and so the entertj^in ent, rusical :ind literary, is going to help 
the Federation in its aiin# 

II A 5 b 

II B 2 d (3) 


Narod Polski, May 28, 1902. 
2^7 SONG 500K7 


WPA (ILL.) PROl 30275 

llr. Antoni Mallek of Chicago, well knovm for many years in the field of music 
published a church song book of Polish songs for two voices and the organ. 
This is the first series, others will follow. 

V/e hope this song book will be received gladly by the parochial schools so 
that Polish children will praise Gtod in their o?/n language. Mr. Antoni Mallek, 
who is a well knov/n musician is also an organist at the Polish Holy Trinity 
Church, and a conductor of the Polish Singers' Union. He may be assured, that 
he contributed new laurels to his merits in the field of Polish songs in 

II A 3 b 


Zgoda . Vol. XXI, No. 12, March 20, 1902. 


The noted Polish musician Paderewski, vnshing to have a great Polish 
attendance at his concert, mede it possible for the Poles to secure 
tickets at the low price of fifty cents. 

The first concert was held Yednesday, at 2:30 P« M«, in the Auditorium* 
The next concert of our maestro will take place Saturday, the 22ndv at 
the same place and time. 

V/e expect that the Polish public will not hesitate in hurrying to hear 
this rare treat and see this famous person. V/ho didn't attend W^ednesday's 
concertt let him or her be sure to make it his business to go this 

II A 3 b FOLISII (1) i5 ^ 

■ ■ m. t) 

Narod Pol ski . Vol. V. No. 27, July 6^ 1901 ^"^.^^ 


The Chicago Musical College arranged a public examination and concert 
held in the Auditorium June 18t 1901, being its 55th Anniversary. 

The large auditorium was filled to capacity v/ith a select mixed crowd 
among them a large number of prominent Polish-American citizens from Chicago 
and other parts of the United States. 

Also present were a number of choirs representing Polish Singers 
Union in America, who came in order to witness this examination and iilie 
triumph of our Polish artist Mrs* Agnes Smulski, ifriio is a member of this or- 
ganization, and who received first honors after finishing her musical studies 
on May 25, 1901 

The program of the concert was varied and choice in classical selections. 
With nervous anxiety we awaited the appearance of our honorable coun- 
trywoman. In our breasts and hearts we felt a troubled uncertainty and rest- 

Here was a national ambition for honor at stake, among the 5,000 people, 
gathered there, so it was that a tfuiet whisper wishing success to Mrs. 
Smulski left the lips of our honorable daughters and sons of LECHA. 


. « 

Harod Pol ski . July 3, 1901 ,., „ , - , 


Upon her appearance on the stage a great applause greeted her. Mrs. 
Smulski with the orchestral aooompaniment sang a beautiful ballad " IL GUAR- 
ANp by GOMEZ from memory without the slightest hesitation in a beautiful j 

and artistic voicct enraptured the hearts of the listenerSf so after r,he 
coii5)letion of the song a great applause greeted our surtist. 

Present at this concert was our Hohorable Mayor Carter H> Harrison 
iriio greeted her with well wishes. Not only did he extend lihese good wishes 
to hert but also extended congratulations to Mr. John F. Smulski and the 
entire family for having such wonderful talent in their midst. 

Director of the Conservatory Rev. Dr. H. V/. Thomas presented Mrs. 
Smulski with a beautifully engraved gold medal set with diamonds. 

This medal was donated to the conservatory for this occasion by 
Mr. L.Leiter . 

At the feet of Mrs. Smulski lay eight beautiful bouquet St and a lage 
basket of flowers. 

The flowers were grouped upon the stage by Mr. JOSEPH WIECZOROIVSKI . 
these flowers were strictly a Polish gift tendered by her many friends and 
well wishers. 

The Joy we feel from the successful triumph of Mrs. Smuxski in 
the ovation arranged in her honor — we are in no position to estimate. 
This we must sayt that the Polish name gained much honor to our Polish 
Singers Union and to all Poles in America. 

II A 3 b 

III B 2 


Harod Pol ski . Vol. IV, No. 45, Nov. 7, 1900. 


The music oomposers of Polish extraotlon in Europe and Amerioa are 
hereby Informed that the Union of Polish Singing Societies of America 
sponsors a contest with a reward of $100 to the winner f for the best 
cantata composed on the occasion of the dedication of the statue to 
Eosciuszko at Chicago* 

The contest ends Uay It 1901* 


II D 3 

II A 3 d (1) Narod Polski, Vol. I, No. 47, Nov. 17, 1897. 

TBDEATRICAL '''"' '^' 

Our brilliant count ry-v/oman, Hadane Helena Modrzejev;sI^ shone in continued 
tri\:iKiphs on the stage of the Girand Opei^a House. Last vieek she prot rayed 
the title roles in "Camille" and in **Adriene Lecouvreur.^ 

IVe do not need to emphasize that she played the roles in a masterly fashion. 

Our country-woman, not only found appreciation and enthusiasm in the numerous 
audience, but also ^^ot favorable ciriticisms in the English language news- 
papers. Last Sunday, Madajie Kodrzejev/sl-ia played, v/ith her entire dramatic 
company, "Mary Stuart" for the benefit of the Polish Hospital. After the 
third act the talented Polish actress received tv<ro beautiful bouquets of 
flov;ers, one frcxa six Polish Editors, and the other from the management of 
the Polish Hospital. 

After the first act the newspaper editors v;ere all introduced to Madame 




II A 3 b 

II D 3 

II A 3 d 

- 2 - POLISH 

(1) Narod Polski, Vol» I, No. 47, Nov. 17, 1897* 

Modrzejev;ska. Last Llonday the first performance of "Macbeth^ this season 
i7as rendered. Madame Uodrzejewska played the role of Ladj^ Macbeth and as 
usual she pla^red the role with £;reat success. The famous actress will 
appear next Thursday in ^Magda^S Friday in "Llacbeth", Saturday matinee 
in "As You Like It** and Saturday'' evening in "Kamlet'*, her last appearance 
in this city. 

II A 3 b 


Dzlennik Chicagoskl, Jan» 24, 1896* 


Yesterday afternoon the pupils of IJlr. J. H» Kowalskl gave a recital in Kimball 
Hall# The recital was Yery successful. 



1 .1. o> 


Dzionnil: Ohica:;osl:i, .vi(:* 16, lo95. 

Ilhl:::- c::ci:i i::co:^c:i;Tj:D 

The Halka Clioir ^alka is th3 ncLiG Ox a Polish orjera coniposed by iIoniaszko7, 
a '.vonen^s group, v/as incorporated recently under the state lav/s at Spring- 
field, 111. Its incorporators were the r.irses .\nna Golebieska, Slizabeth 
IZohothiewicz and others. 



II D 10 

II D 3 Dziennik Chicasoski , Mar. 25, 1895. 



A benefit concert, under the auspices oT the Polish Fellov;sjiip Club, v;as staged 
at the Polish Hall yesterday at 8 P. M. The proceeds of the musical concert 
vjere assigned to the destitute Poles of icebrcslca and the Polish IIosiDital of Chi- :S 
cap.o • ^ 

Th-j concert, starring T.Iiss T.Iira Holler, Polish musical celebrity, ;;as a great ^ 
personal triumph for the Polisii artist, as v/as inaicated by the overfloviin^ crov/d ^ 
and the enthusiastic applause. 2 

In I.!iss Holler we have an artist of inimitable qualities, one v/hose voice is not ii 
only brilliant but of sparklin^^ ma;:ic, an artist ..ho lias gathered laurels in Po- 
land, and throu.^'hout i]urope, and /.ho still has nanv more ye^rs of success alieud of 

Last ni(;:ht*3 concert v;ill rer:iain as an outstanding musical triumph; not so ;;iuch 








II .^ 3 b - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chlcagoski , Mar. 25, 1095. 

from the standpoint of the magical rendition of masterpieces of song by 
a Polish artist, but because by her singing she created a triumphant unity of a 
Polish artist's heart with the hearts of the audience, for the sole purpose of 
helping her needy compatriots. 

V/e do not feel competent to criticise the singing of the various songs executed by ^ 
Miss Heller, but she has scored many successes among her own people as well as 2 
among strangers. She is comparable v;ith all great opera stars. Her execution of -— 
the tragic scene from ^Sappho" and the beautiful ^^Romance" frora "Cavalleria Husti- r^ 
canna", as well as the national airs, thrilled the audience. -u 

Lliss Heller v/as supported by two talented artists from her troupe. Miss Lily o^ 
Roemhold and Miss V. Murphy. § 


Miss Roemhold, the ;vell-knovm violin virtuoso, captured the ear of the audience 
with her capable rendition of the national Mazurkas and Kujawiaks. translator's 
note: This is a type of Polish dance popular in the Cracow region of Poland... 

II ;. 3 b 


II 1) 10 

II ') 3 Dziennik Chicacoski , Liar. 25, lG9o. 


There is no :i;n''3li3h terin for it^ Her sistor is narried to a Pole, :;ii(i 
because of this connect ion Lliss Ro(3rnhold not onlv became introduced to Polish 
music but also becaTie an enthusiast oi* it. 

The second sunportinr; artist, Hiss iv;urph\'', v/ho is an excellent concert pianist, 
played three nui^bers on the piano. Eoth guest poriormors //ere .::iven a groat 
hand by the anr^reciative audience. 



So rauch for the concert i*roin the firtistic point of view, /jside froiii this, the 2 

rest oi' the program was fillad with ovations for Miss Ilellor. ^ 

At her o\'m renuest, the 3t. Stanislaus I'ostka PfU^isii Choir v;as the first to greet 
her with a r.roup of Polish som^s. There v/ere countless presentations of bouquets • 

At the conclusion of the perforiitance, tv/o little [;irls presented Miss Heller with 
a basket of fresh flowers, and one of them recited an original poem written for 
the occasion by Szizesny Zaiiajkiewicz. The ,c:irl that presented the recitation v;as 


II A 5 b - 4 - POLISH 

II D 10 

II D 3 Dzlennik ChicaGoski . Mur. 25, 1895. 


rewarded with a kiss fro:n Miss Heller. 

The parish order oi' knii-;hts presented the r3lish star a salute of honor by stand- 
ing at attention. Tliis v/as indeed an ir.iprossive noj::i3nt, and though it concluded 
the prograja the audience was reluctant to leave. The artist was moved by this ^ 
and began to toss flowers fro:n the sta^Q to the .udienco. The woraon waved with ^ 
handkerchiefs and the men with hats as she made lier exit. ^ 


A special reception for :.:i.-:s Heller was arran.'^ed by the v/oiiien of St. StanisLaus ^ 
Kostka Parish In one of the sniriller halls of the school building • 2 

Althou,::h the Reszke brothers, John .^nd ?Jdv;ard, v/ell-Iaiovm opera stars, v/ere com- 
pelled to decline an invitation to participate in the concert because of illness, 
which may keep them out of the entire Chicago opera season, they did not forget 
their fallow countrymen. A letter was received frora them throu^jh Ralph Modrze- 
jowski, one of the meraborG of the concert committae. The letter read as follows: 

II A 5 b - 5 - POLISH 

II D 10 

II D 3 Dziennik Chicagoski , Mar. 25, 1895. 


♦'Auditorium Hotel, Chicago. March 25, 1895. 
"Dear Sir: V/ith real regret I must let you knov; that it will be impossible for 
me to attend your concert, ov;ing to a severe case of influenza, v/hich has attack- 
ed me for the second time, and which does not allov; me to sing today in *Les 
Huguenots'. ^ 

"I am afraid that this illness will be prolonged, and I doubt whether I shall be ^ 

able to sing even once more in Chicago, The v/hole repertoire had to be changed ^ 

and 'Die Meistersinger' , vjhich was announced for Monday, is to be replaced by 5 

•Le Hozze di Figaro.* 2 

''At this very moment my brother received a rehearsal bulletin for tomorrow eveningj^ 
so he also v;ill not be able to attend the concert. In such a way illness shatters 
all the plans of a singer. 

'•*.7e ask you, dear sir, to make our apologies to our countrymen, and accept from me 
a sum of two hundred dollars and from my brother one hundred dollars as small dona- 
tions to be distributed among our poor. 

II A 5 b - G - POLISH 

II D 10 

II D 3 Dzlonnik Chicg-oski , K^r. 25, 1895. 


"Respectfully yours, 

"John Tlaszlzo'' 

A check for throe hundroa dollars v/as unclos'jd with the letter. 

Due recocnition should be accorded our Polish artists lor their ^'^^nerous contri- 5 
bution, ^n 

On the v/hole, the concert v/as a financial success. Thj net oroceeds vvill .juount -o 
to several hundred dollLirs. A complete financial statenent vail be published in o 
tha near future. i^ 

II A 5 b POLIoH 

Dziennik Chica-oski , Jan. 22, 1892. 

PCLI3II B^ii^T) ca:c i;.^T 

The Nowicki brothers, v;ell-]mov.m Chicaso rausical artists, v;ill r-ive a ^ 

band concert next Sunday at the lolish Hall, ^niis pro.^ran v;ill be the ^ 

first of its kind in series at the Hall. 

The program is as follows: 

Part one 

1* Coronation H'arch fro:.i tlie Prophet. 

2. Overture, Poeta and ./iesniak. 

3. Faraily Reraeinbrance. 

4. ./altz, ^On the Beautiful .^line." 

5. "Anchored/' Solo. 

6. Potpourri fron the opera ''La Traviata." 

7. .;isla. 








II A 5 b - 2 - POLISH 

Dzlennik Chicagoski ^ Jan. 22, 1892* 

Part Two 

8* '•Ocean Pearls,** cornet solo by LlP. Hensel. 

9. Fantasia from the opera "lialka.** :^ 

10. Waltz, ^^Thousand and One Nights." ]S 

11. Overture, "WilliaF. Tell.** ^ 

12. **Polonaise** Solo. r* 

13. **Bud of the North.** "" 



!.Jr. A. Kwasigroch, choirmaster of St* Stanislaus Kostki*s Church, will have 
his famous choir accompany the band in some of the numbers. 

Tickets for this concert can be obtained from Francis Kaczmarek, at 668 
Noble Street. Admission prices are 35, 25, and 10 cents. 




A. Vocational 
3. Aesthetic 

c. Painting and Sculptur 

•%^^ -♦'^■•iiK^ r -/ - . '^^ •?: ?»^ '>-* 


.ft, • 1 w I t 

^%' l£ 

ii > •■■■ ,>:■. ■ 

K'.i "^'"i 


II A 3 c 

II B 2 a 


Dsieunil: ■Z.jeCnoczeniri, cUly G, 19f39 

Hij;ii::i :;iTH .. rsir^o^^ 

V > 



Henry Turner r-ailey, director c" tl.e Clovel'^nd I'chool of .o?t, offerr- his re- 

centlv Dublished readin': ccurre, Ilcaour^; 

fro • 

ictures, as a :;uide for t'lose 

v:ho v;ould steer betvreen tiie 'cvlla of science anu the C^-'ar^^bdis of 'V-^ush'* in 


-•ailey recom- 

ov;ard a:: in- 

their attitude tovjard pictures, /vfter a 'brief i^itroduction, 

:.ienc3 six book: and one s r.'ie ' o£ art re];_ eductions as a ;;..iu 

tellii'ent appreciation of painting, .'^'acnr; the books r'-^ecr:iended are a readable 

history of paintinc, a discussion of riocern paintin:^, an''" bochs on the Italian 

and ."-Jiierican Schools. The reading co;;rse, tG.:;etIier ::it:i these bocks, i: nor; 

available at the I-ulaski Library. 

Tnis is the tvrentieth course in the ''headin,*: -.'ith a Iiu-pose'^ series published 

by 'he j-'^erican Library .v.-sociaticn. Cth':rs in the series deal vrith^ architecture, 

r.iu.^.ic, ph3e3ical science, lodorn essays, anc Ln;:lish and .'j.ierican Literature. 


II B 1 b 

II A 3 b Dzlennik ZJednoczenia . Sept. 15, 1928. 

II B 1 a 


At the meeting of the executive committee, held at the home of the president, 
Ur. J. B. Zielinski, many important matters concerning the program of the club 
for the next four months were discussed and decided upon* Mrs* Edward J. Prebis 
was appointed recording secretary for the balance of the year, and it is hoped 
that she will continue in this capacity dxiring the coming year* 

At the September meeting of the clubj which will be held at the Midwest Athletic 
Club, at Madison Street and Hamlin Avenue, Mr* Andre Skalski will give a 
one-hour piano recital* In return for the hospitality extended by the Athletic 
Club the members of the latter will be invited to attend this program, which 
will be held on Sunday afternoon, September 30, 1928* 

Mr« Andre Skalski will also deliver the first lecture of the season before the 
Polish Arts Club at the Art Institute, Sunday afternoon, October 14, 1928, and 
will conduct an orchestral concert on Wednesday evening, November 21, 1928* 
Full details will be given later* 



















- 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Zjednoczenia > Sept. 15, 1928. 

The second annual art exhibition under the sole auspices of the V^, r^J 
Polish Arts Club will be held from November 25, 1928, to December 9^>ct 
1928, inclusive. liiss Jane Palczynski is acting as secretary of the exhibition 
committee, and all inquiries should be addressed to her home at 2526 North 
KJedzie Boulevard. The plan this year is to invite Polish artists from other 
cities to take part in this exhibition. 

The annual box party at the Chicago Civic Opera will be held on Friday evening, 
November 9, 1928, and all arrangements will be in charge of I5r. and Ltrs. Edward 
Prebis. It is hoped that the new Polish opera star, Riarie Olszewski, will 
appear on that evening. 

All inquiries concerning membership in the club should be sent to Dr. M. J. Kbst- 
rzewski, 1152 Milwaukee Avenue. 



Dziennik Ziednoczenia, Sent. 15, 1927. "■ '''-^ :7 
II A 5 c ' ^ V. '-r^ 



An exhibition of paintings b.v local Polish artists under the auspices of the 
Polish Arts Club, rail be^^rin next Sunday evening, Sent. 16. It will be held 
on the second nezzanine floor of the Home Bank Building, and will be open 
every evenin^^ until Sunaay, Oct. 2, and every afternoon after 3 o'clock. 
There will be over fifty oaintings/rractically all of which will be for sale, 
with -orices rangin^:^ from $30 to $65 ar.nnp: which are a lar^^e selection at 
about $150 each. 

Among the artists v;ho will exhibit are 1 rs. Harriet I^. Krawiec, ?'rs. Sliwinski, 
Mr. Kaczmarski, !.'r. Walter Krawiec, ^'r. !'ichael Ackucki and ''r. Casimir 
Kajcwski. The next ^.eetinr of the Polish Arts Club will be held Sunday, Seint. 
18, at three o'clock in the exhibition nailery. The exhibition will be oioen 
to the miblic at 7 P,?^ There will be no admission charfre, and every one is 
invited. ?'rs. J. 5. Zielinski is chairman of the exhibition conmittee. 

Mr. Clarence Dawson, editor of Poland, thanked the Polish Arts Club for its 
active interest. He ^r^oke to the ^nembers and friends of the Association at 
the OToening of the exhibition and thanked them for the loyal support given 
to his magazine and a.sked for a continuance of their "oatronage. 


Dziennik ZJednoczenia ^ Ser^t, 15, 19S7. 



Ke said that Poland is very anxious to publish re-ports of the Torogress which 
is being made in all Polish connunities in the United States-not onl^/ along 
conmercial lines but especially in the field of music, art, and literature. 
He offered his co-operation in the work and expressed the hor>e that such- 
events as the Polish Concert of Havinia Park and ;he r^resent exhibition of 
paintings would become annual events, not only in Chicago but in every large 
Polish community in the United States. 

Mr. 3d-mund Kalenski, Polisli vice-consul, congratulated the Club for what it 
had accomplished in less than two 2<^^ars, ex-nressing wishes for a still greater 
activity in the future. 

II A 3 c 

Dzlennik Zjednoczenia , March 26, 1927. 


Mr. Wojciech Kossak accepted the invitation of the Polish Arts Club, to he the guest 
at a meeting called in his honor, and has sent in his amplication as a sustaining 
mernher of the club. 

Mr. Kossak is residing at present, at a winter resort in Aiken, South Carolina, 
where he is busy painting potraits and other Dic^^ures. From there he will leave for 
Long Island and Port Chester, to do some work before coming to Chicago. 

Since the Polish Arts Cltib has also been planning to arrange a reception for Madame 
Janina Burska, it ma^/ be possible to honor both friends of the club, at the same time. 
Announcements will be made as soon as more definite plans have been arranged. 

II A 3 c 


Dzlennlk Z.lednoozeRia , Vol. VI, IIo. I5I, <^une 29» 1?26.'" 


Under such a title there api^eared in the v/eekly supplement devoted to art, 
" The Chicar.o Evening Post ra.g;azine Of The Art "/orld " on June 22nd, an article 
by Samuel Putnam, about the creative power of Lr« Ivachael Rekucki, known al- 
ready for some time to the Po Ionia of Chicago as an artist. 

The author, remarking th^at the works of Mr. Rekucki, which he himself has 
viewed in the artist's modest studio at 2100 1. Chicago Avenue, are also al- 
ready known to the general public in Chicago from an exhibit in conjunction 
with the Chicago No- Jury Society of Artists, reflects to a great extent on 
the creative power of L'r. Rekucki, and claims that this creative power is the 
expression of great talent. The artist, in spite of the outstanding mark of 
impressionism of /Zeiss and Lehofer, likewise the corr.paratively young develop- 
ment of Polish painting, and the unfortunately unfavorable influence of the 
modernistic German school of I.:ax urid the French impressionist, 
Sdward Ivlanet, is making with great effort his ov/n ]_;ath and is overconing these 
influences with success. 

- 2 - FOLISfl 


Dziennik Z.l8dnoozenia » Vol. VI « :\o» I5lf June 29t 1926. 

Oj_:ecifyin£ a few vvorks of Vx . Rekucki, suoh as "The Keud of a Youn^ Girl", 
"The Polish Peasant -Voi.ian", and "^i .Vinter Scene at podhal", I.:r# Putnam praises 
these works and at the sarne t^n.e claii..s that the j^ort raits of Kosciuszko and 
Pulaski by I^lr. Ilekuoki can be counted amon^ the best luarks, .vhich, in regard 
to style and tone, lie doc^s not hesitate to compare in value v^ith the vvorks of 
such masters of the English school as ^a insborou^h and others. 

V.T • Putnam, one of the most prominent jud;;;es •and critics of art, is not for 
the first time devoting the columns of the newspaper edited by him to Polish 
art, about which he always expresses himself with high recognition, h'r. Rekuoki 
can be con^'ratulated, because ..ith his works he has interested prominent /iinerican 
critics and received from themi a word of praise. This attests to his outstand- 
ing talent, and the Poles in Chicago can be rightfully proud of him. 

It is proper here to mention that the Polish Arts Club has contributed in a 
certain measure toward the rousing of Vx . Putnam's interest in Polish art in 
general, and especially in the art of Vx. Rekucki. 

II A 3 c 
I V 

Dziennik Zjednoczenia , Vol, XXVI, No. 137, June 1, 1922 



A quiet marriage of Stanislaus Szulcalski, eccentric Polish artist-sculptor, with 
Miss Helen Walker, took place yesterday. The news about the probable marriage 
of these two was received with interest in the circles of the financial aristocracy. 
Evidently the father of the young bride, Dr. Walker, agreed to their \inion, 
because there was no objection on his part. 

The sensational American newspapers having become very much interested in Szukalski, 
have written extensively about him as well as the marriage. The reporters insisted 
on knowing the date of the marriage, when Szukalski called for the license. The 
mysterious artist suggested that they study the "mysterious ouija board" and they 
will positively find out. The marriage took place yesterday in the St. James 
Protestant Church. After the ceremony the yo\ing couple left for a trip to 
Toronto, Canada. 

II A 3 c 
I V 


• ' ' ' 

. . - • • > • 

Dziennik Zjednoczenia , Vol. XXVI, TTo. 124, Hay 27, 1923 v 1-/ 


Str-Tiislaus Szukalski, vrell ^knovoi Polish artist-?^c\ilT^tor in .Inerica, has 
arrived in Chicago from ller; York, to nnrry ?'iss "'alker, pji esr^ecially able 
artist, daui'hter of Dr. Samuel Walker, one of the most prominent Tohysicians 
in Chicago. 

The weddinvg will teke 'olace in a few days. After the v/edding the young cou^-^le 
will go to Canada for their honeymoon and will nost likely return to Hew 
York for a perm^anent stay. 

Miss 7/alker is knov/n widel;^ in society' circles, not only in Chicrigo but also 
in New York. Mr. Stai.islaus Szukalski is faiiious as one of the best Polish 
sculptors. His works have been given exceptional recognition by such artists 
and critics as Karry Payne wTiitney, John Slojxn, Robert Henri and many others. 

II A r. c 


I V 

Dziennik Z.led noczenia. ^'ol. X:^.VI, Mo. 124, May 27, 1922 

i: -V "■[ \ Pn •' ,j. '■ 

Artist Szulcalski, vihen barely sixteen years of age, created severaJL \^'orks, which r,'on 
fame not only in the Academy/ of Pine .-.rts in Crpcow, iT'Ut even amazed .-artists 
from Petersburg and Vienna. 

It was about that time that his fother enigrp.ted to Anerica, and started a 
blpcksmith shop in Chicaf^o, The ^ouna* artist v/ith money received for some 
of hif^ statues, also came to America, He was then ei^Jiteen years old. 

Already as er^rly as 1914 the Am.ericans ^jecp-ne interested in him* Particularly 
his originality was commented u^^on by American critics. 

In the ye'-r lvl6 a Chicago artist critic v/rote of Szukalski; "The one who 
acquaints hir.self v;ith the life history of Ssukalski, that one will understand 
the spirit from which siorin^s the creative power of the artist". 

"Artist Szukalski v^a.s born in Poland in the toim of Gidlach in the year 1S95, He 
studied art at the Academi^y' of Pine Irts in Crpcow, where as a student he 
received as a rewa.rd for his v/orks, tv^o gold m.edals ond. six honorable 

II A 3 c -"- 

I V 

Dziennik ZjednocEcnir . Vol. XXVI, To. 124, !,:av 27, 1922 


"A few years aro (v;ritten in IflC) he cane to his father in America., 
Hov/ever, last fall his father was killed by an autono>'ile and egcin the artist 
v/r.s left alone, practically rrithout acquaint'- nces and without friends. The 
mother of the young artist lives in Poland, anid the war hurricane rhich if? 
-t rre<^ent coinf on there. His nineteen year old sister likewise lives 
somev'here on flane covered Polish soil." 

l\irther this critic wrote: 

"^en someone expressed his emotions ahout the misfortunes of the artist, 
Mr, Stanislaus called out, 'Th< t is only a trifle. We are accustomed to 
misfortune in our family. f!y grandfr.ther had nine sons; eight of these 
either were condemned to death "by the conauerors or v/ere sent into exile 
to Siberia, because they fou,{rht as revolutionists for the independence of 
their native land. Ky father alone was left.' " 

In the end the critic adds: 

II A 3 c -4- FCLI SH 

I V 

Dziennik Z.jednoczenJG. , Vol. XXVI, I'o. 124, Llaj- 27, 1922 

"That longhaired, slim Polish youth, with the fc.ce of a poet, is iiiiquestiona.bly 
a genius - and the difference betv/een a genius and talent is, that a ^eiiius 
is iiifloxied by the light of his ov.ti v/orks." 

So HTuch did the AmeriCcm art critics write about Szukalski. 

• II A 5 c POLISH 

17 DglqnnlJc Chlcag08ki > May 20, 1897 • 


(In today^s issue of the Gazeta Katoliolca /Catholic Gazette^f a weekly, there 
is published the rollcwing letter rrom Casimir Chodzinski, sculptor from Cracow, 

who recently arrired in Chicago in connection with the Kosciusko Monument 

After arriving in the new world I was eager to become thoroughly familiar with 
it« I tried as hard as possible to be everywhere, in order to get a good 
perspective of the progress of this great country* I have seen amazing things^ 
improvements everywhere: huge factories, gigantic machines and practical 
buildings* But, despite all this, to my mind there was something lacking^ 
for as an artist I was not seai^ching for practical things but rather for the 
artistic* The monstrous and costly buildings are an eyesore* In truth one 
can find beautiful homes in some of the residential communities* These homes 
are of an original architecture, a transformed copy of the classical, often 
not conforming to any one architectural style* But although they create a 

' II A 5 c - ::i - POLISH 

III c 

IV Dziennllc Cliicagoski > Llay 20, 1897. 

pleasant feeling one must searcli i*urther for real beauty, because most of 
the cost is spent on making them practical* 

Among the monuments, statues, and sculpture, which should be works of art, one 
often finds ugliness. There are very few creative pieces of art, and when I 
did find something of merit it always turned out to be the work of a familiar 
artist whom I knew in Europe. I thought that I would find something of the 
artistic in the churches, since I ari familiar with many churches m Poland and 
tixeir interior as well as exterior works of art. I felt certain that there 
would be more concern about beauty here, but I was wrong© V/ith the exception 
of the imported figures from Munich, whose beauties are familiar to me, I 
found the altars, pulpits, and general make-up of the churches lacking the 
sense and value of the artist ic« 

How differently things have affected me since I entered the interior of the 
St» Stanislaus Kostka Church and espied the paintings of Mr. Zukotynski* I 
felt great respect for him, because I f ouna that for waich I was searching^ 

- J 

n A 3 e - 3 - POLISH 


17 Dzlennik Chleagoski , May 20, 1897 ♦ 

He immediately awakened the artistic feeling within me and fully satisfied 
ay desires* I cannot say whether I have found another Krudowski, a famed 
Polish religious artist, one who can better depict the beauties of religious 
art« In everyone of his brush lines in the paintings one can see holiness 
and nobleness of thought and character, comparable to saintly life* Through- 
out the entire figures the lines stand out in their beauty, the flow ol the 

drapes and gcunaents and the color effect are pleasant and harmonious. Nowhere 
is there an Imperfect ion* 

The painting of St* Joseph is outstanding* His countenance is filled with 
holiness and heavenly light* In the figure of St* John Cantius one readily 

sees the simplicity of character, the humility, the venerableness, and under 
all this one sees a great learned man, as the nian himself was* The flow of 
the drapes on the figures of St* Stanislaus, St* Adalbert, and St* Cyril was 
greatly to my liking* Perhaps I was not thoroughly satisfied with the beard 
on St. Stanislaus, but that is because I am accustomed to another type* But 
one cannot criticize Zukotynski for this because he adhered more closely to 

II A 5 C - 4 - POLISH 


IV Dziennilc Chlcagosici , May 20, 189V« 

historical facts* Tne painting in the center, over the main altar, is or 
Sto Stanislaus Kostka kneeling before the Blessea Virgin, v;ho holds the 
Chila Jesus# This is or unusually charming composition, as well as of re- 
ligious beauty. There is a gooa tonal quality of colors between the two 
figures and a contrast with the angels that are overheaa* 

The artist should be congratulated for nis talent as an artist, and may he 
make the most or it» Credit should also be extended to the Reverend Vincent 
Barzynski, pastor of St* Stanislaus Kostka Cuurch, for turning over the artistic 
work to such a capable artiste The people of tr^e parish wao so generously 
support their church, also deserve praise. 

The interior of the church, when completed, will be one of the outstanding in 
Chicago. And the Poles can be proud that they have a church where the walls 
are covered with our outstanding Polisii patron saints. 

C. Chodzinski 



II A 3 c 


Dziennlk Chicagoskl , Jan. 8, ie96« 


llr. Thaddeus Zukotynski, the vvell-knov;n artist-painter, is devoting all his 
energies in preparing sketches for a great picture or St. Stanislaus Kostka. 
This picture will complete the series o2 v;onderful, artistic paintings by our 
artist for the St. Stanislaus Kostka Church. Ij?. ^ukotynski will coinxiience 
v;ork in the church in a fev; days. This picture v;ill be finished before Easter. 



C • 


r > 



o C 

I V (^ari'.an) 

Jzij::n i:: Jhica,::os::i , Cct, 2o, lo9i:). 

-*. .. .J J . .1. — L V 

J. :. -» . J v. ^ 

In its last adition, Jar V/o ^ten , -^iinda^ edition co? tuo I .linois Jtuats ■aitjin-, 
revi3.;ed che rolisu .^rt ^ection at the .oriu*G ^'lir. Jio critic ^3 uittorness 
is ovicient throu^:}iout the articlo; it irj his obvious inbjiition oO i.-cseiit uhe 
v;ori:s 01' the i olisli artist-? in tho poorest li'lit. imi-oason ibl-j bittarnjss 
a poars in thi; follovdn^: statarient, .Viica '79 v/ould call naive if it .;ero not 
tendentious: '*r}:e ;:iain -.^ortion o_* the j-'olish oxliibit is to oe found in the 

nidst of tho Italian joctlon, not 
it I'eall"^ bc-lon.'s. ' 

•■i •"^~' 

4- 1 


.u::si'in, to >;hich, aitor all, 

In spite of evo^'ythinv:, ho. .'ever, tlie reviov/or v/ms forced to render justice — 
\x:\ if against his o.;n ./ill — to so:ie of ohe i^ore i.iTjort int ^-'aintin^is. -.ftcr 
navinc criticized to his satisfaction, and after conde: ininr* the subjects 
of so::ie of thj ;-^ai]itin''s — \v:2 could sa'^ nothirr- a;:ainst olieir eAjcution — he 

II A 5 c 

I (Gor::i:m) 

Hcided the folio viri--: 

"But not all ol thu .-olish v^antin ;s LCora;' u lis l\;c!- oi* t::.sto; on the con- 
tr.iT'y ohera is uo:i3 Tain to o^ .ounci ariicl tr^o CiMirf (J). ^:i3 :^:intin:-, 
V.'onan in .'urs', b^ ._^ iurlio c^:\ b^ r. •-•raed .-iS ■.:hj ..-jst work in the lolisln 
'jxhibit ; il ic tocrmic illy .^erx'^cet, T'lo ^Mintir;- re:.2*e3ontf. a splonuiu cjx- 
ai.i:-l:) of til 3 bojiut'" of : olich ..oin-.nhood, 

"----^ ruinting, ' Jhe V:ctiM', b;' ludv;ir'; >t'iGirih, touches the bonrt; it do^dcu^ 
a "Oiin:;: ,'irl sun-ien to hor '^no.^s l;- ::3artacbe o?i tho day of bjr v/oduin:;; t;ie 
■^ros-oective .•-roo:i. old 

.VJl 'V'*J_"'" 

Q-:.rr 'inr m onorLOUs 

bou ;U,.t Oi rio. 

T c: 


'♦r.roat S'*::^ath6tic fj3lin": ir: .rounod b;- b.alczewski's *Doath of an .:;ilo.' 
It sbo.;s -in uni'ortun-. to v;o::an li'oatbin * h-ar last a;:iid ;*reat ^'OV-jrt:-, fhe 

o C 

- V. - . -i- >- 

I C ( 'r'i man ) 

1, 1 

J ':ica;;o3.:i, 

L ct . 

. ,*j 

» , 

t:i3 f^ettin • GUii f:ill u-cr t::3 aG..t-.beu, at "v^acii ota:~.Ll 'Several 
•zile.:;, t.ioir l..nd3 cl'.c^-'od !ind tlieir liojids bc-v/ed in :'':*ayGr. ,'^ ^vUs •!::.: 
.clici? officer 3tu::ds in '.lio d::or.7i:y, Ico^iin:' ur^oii tiio 3cene v/ith lore 

d:.'in;: wo:::iin'r; oyes r-jst u 'Oi: a yoor, aijan- 

doned one, v/iiose Taco i? *.uriud in t.he ulai'liotri oi* h'lV bed. .lie T'lintirir: 
i3 'I nuti: but olo^uorit ■u*'-aijnt a. i^ist baiiisiL ij)\t , or at Ijast xor ^itiya- 
tioa 01* t:i3 i;-:r3imo:7n v/ith .;nich tVio e.alaG are^^ted. 


i# ■. :odzior3 'i*3 "a;i .tiny, •.-o-,3-.nt ..ntr^nono-.-, * jotray3 a touch oT tlic !:iod- 

t3rn .school. It 3ho.-3 a ^^oun ' -sa-;-: t loo i:i' lU) at a ctarr: 


is b.Athod in a riyr-t^ricuc 
surroundinj land3capo • 

::i3tor^. ^* 

naonisii li^'ht, reflect ad, a3 it ..^^^ 


:ere, iron tne 

i'ev; of the lor 

•er v.'amtm :3 saov; scenes 

fro:i rcliGh 

The reviev; continues: 




^ v.. ■- 


I C (Gan'.an) 

Dzienni-: CJ:iica"OS;:i , Cot, 




«-> • 

^'VJhile ^-^opiol^s -:'aintinr, ' .rter ^he Storri' , nhovjinr: a I'iold •:.rtor a severe 
.otorn, v;r:ic]i .;us ;,v;arded a jaeaal at tao eriin o:aiibit in 1C91, is admired 
b-' i.airr, tho 1: jidjca-ne. 'Jiii.ii-ier ::ir'lit' b" -^-Gjlriev/ici^, is hidden -iv/a;'" an- 
nooioed in a dar:: corner. :any oi the si.iallor rai2itin:--s h ve tDeen sold, and 
since the artists' \.r:ents h tvc drastically reduced ti-e i-ricec on the lar ;er 
v;or;.s, it is \\ii->e lilcel;/ that -viv^ ry:: th:::^ v;ill re^uain in the UniT^ed States. '' 

"inally, in v;ritinc about the it.ilian paintin:3, tlic^ reviewer 

''Z'iv>t as tiia Polish loaint ers, the Italians I'evel in color; bat v/hile tiie v/orks 
of tiie forrier Siiov; a tendenc; toward nerfection, the latter represent the 
decadence of th:: once fa'ious Italian sciiool of naintin;>'' 

The v/hole article reflects t:ie fact that the v/riter iiad no desire to cimiiiiend 
r^he :'Glish artists* v;ork7, but did so in spite of 'linself. 

II, ^^ 3 c PCLX-,H 

II B 2 d (3.) 

II B 2 f Dzierji iK J hic3'':ogl:i, :jei)t. 21, 1G93. 

III a 

III H x'CULk^H'i'L->T xxijL* iH/i*. j II.T i - J /xll.'-jr xL. ^, 

IV Lieczysltiv; I;iec^z\;iedzini:}ci, ono oC the ropresentu-vivefis of ths loliGh 
artists whof-e p:-.intinrr. are on ezihibit r;t the .orld*::, har. con- 

r.aunicated a very intere.vtinr. plrj?- /to '/; z ieim l '■<: J h i c a ^:o s ] ci7» 'I'he plan pro- 
vides for the lottery of about t\.enty of the iolic:h paintin::;;^ nov/ on e^diibit, 
from ahich a portion of the profits is to he used here for public and charit- 
able purposes. 

lu Niedzv.'iedzin'uki proposes the fjale of a hundred and t.venty thousand ticlcets 
at one dollar each (or GO, 000 :\t ff.), v.lth the prize to be one cC tlie ori- 
t^inal xolish paintin';^;s, to be i.ui'chascd for thi.^ -our-ooso, Ivx. aaaiticn, each 
ticket v/ill entitle the holder to a photoxaphic reproduction of one of the 

paintings • 

The orir:inator of the olan aroooses the follov/in," "oaintinr-s for lottery: 

II A 5 c - 2 - POLISH 

II B 2 d (1) 

II B 2 f Dzieimik Chicagoski , Sept. 21, 1893. 


III H ^The Itinerant Merchant" and "Mauretania," by Alchimcwicz; "The 
II C Convalescent," by Gazycowa; "Meditation" and "Darling," by Duks- 
I V zynska; V/. Gerson*s "Queen Hedwig," "Christening of Lithuania," 

and "King Sigmund"; Jasinski's "Holiday Services"; "Kedzierski*s 
"Little Church" and "Return from the City"; lv!Ialczewski»s ♦T)eath of a 
Siberian Exile"; Matejko's "Wemyhora"; Mirecki's "Unconsoled"; Modenstein's 
"Under Christian Care"; Pawlowski's "Harvest in Poland"; Piechowski's "Christ 
on the Cross"; Popiel^s "After the Storm"; Styka's "Queen of Poland"; and 
Zmurko's "Lady in Furs" and "Evening Song". 

Mr. Niedzwiedzinski would dispose of :jfl5,000 of the money collected in the 
following manner: 

(1) $2,000 for the Kosciusko Monument Fund; (2) |10,000 for the founda- 
tion of a Polish trade school in Chicago; (3) $2,000 for the foundation of a 
newspaper to champion the Polish cause, written in the English language; 
and (4) #1,000 for the support of the Polish Immigrants* House. 


II A 5 c 

II B 2 d (1) 

II B 2 f 


- 3 - 


Dziennik Chicacoslci^ Sopt. 21, 1893 

The rest of the money would be spent as follows: For purchasini^ 
the paintings, o58,148; for customs duties, J8,722; for 120,000 
photographic reproductions, ^IBjOOC; for commission to the agents 
handling the sale of tickets and for incidental expenses, ^18,000. 

I£r« Iliedzwiedzinski proposes that all arrangements for the lottery bo made 
by a committee of local citizens in conjunction v/ith the artists* ropre- 
sentatives. For this committee, he suggests the IJeverends G. Sztuczko, 7* 
Barzynski, and J. Radziejev/ski; also .7. Bardonski, IJ]. Z. Brodov/ski, K. 
Butkiewicz, Count Ghlapov/ski (Ilev/York), Judge ^. .u7 LaBuy, F. 3. Satalecki 
(Detroit), 3. Slominski, Dr. G. ilidov/icz, F. Smietanka, J. F, rJmulski, L. 
Szopinski, and others • 

Ilr. ITiedzv/iedzinski counts not only upon Poles to buy the tickets, but upon 
^'jnericans also. He bases the possibility of the project* s success upon the 
fact that it v;ill serve a public purpose. He said that the representatives 
of the Polish artists had already been approached by ilev; York agents v;ith a 
proposition of this sort. 

Here vio liave given I.Ir. Niedzvrledski^s project, just as it v;as presented to us, 
Our ov/n comments on this matter v;e reserve for a later issue. 




l^ziennik 3hicaroski ^ ..ay -.9, 189^. 

(x'vdvertiseiaent ) 

Julian I'lys 
rolish ^irtist 
45c l.ilv/auiiee .vvenue 

(i^crrrierly a nei.iber of the ;..cader;iy of jine .^Lrts at Cra.cov/ and Vienna, paints 
portraits in oils fron life or frori photographs; also rc^licious picoures and 
landscapes. ) 

'*! have been recof:nized in loland, and i therefore rccoiar.end myself to ny 
countryinen here, and to the clergy • 

''Unon request, I cive instruction in drav/inr ^nd Tiaintin^. I also do every 
kind of artistic v/ork, including; virnettes, and the retouchinc of photocraphs 
in oils or v;ater colors, r.t rioderate prices, ■' 

m. I' 







Dziennik Ghicagoski , Dec. 1, 1392. 

POLISH FIF'^ :J1T3 ^^CII^^TT OCriP/iilY .\PP':^AI^ TO .\LL 

The un^Ieraigned have organized a stock ca:ipany, Polskiego Tov/arzystwa .-y3ta;vy 
oztuk Piaknych /< Ghica.^o (Polish Fine ..rts -lixhibit Company), incorpoi'ated 
under the laws of the State of Illinois at ton trousand dollars. Its aiins 
are as follows: 

1. To centralize the efforts of our artists and sculptors for the purpose 
of securing a separate place at the Columbian jlxpositicn, to be held in 
Chicago next year, where a collection of Polish art can be on display. 

2. To mediate in receiving, placing, returning: or sellin.^ various y/orks 
of art. 

3. To institute a permanent independent salon in Chicago, wliere the art 


II A 3 c 






D.!ij nnik Chi cacoski , Dec, 1, 189:-3. 

colioction display>3d .it tha ..'orld's S Av v;ill have a, .md eventUc.ll^?', 
during the oourse of oxistcnce, to reclaim and sell at tho hi;:hest "oriees on 
the .jiorican niirket the finost pieces Oi.* F'olish printing :;nd sculpture. 

Tx\e first of these air-S Cou^ie to r- -ilization v;hen the under3i;j::ied received the 
assurance of the ..'orld*r? :;d::inistraticri Lliat a separate r^lace in t:he ^ 

Palace of jine /.rts has been allocated to i olish :irt -nd sculp;^i;re. The finest -'-^ 
v;orks vvill bo disr)la:'^ed, so ar to ..fford the best advent aje to the artist or r" 

sculntor. --j[?tists should send in their entries as scon as possible; tho dead- 
line is set for I.Ia;- 1,1893, It io stipulate^ tri^.t reco:r.iendation for axhibi- Ig 
tion in Chica.'^o bp vXie ..olish -lastcrs will be sufficient for nualif ication, '2. 

and the works subnitted ^.vill receive the greatest consideration. It is sug- 
gested that the ^olish artists abroad forii coi.unittees in the princiioal cities 
of their residence, ./arsav;, Oracov;, Berlin, !vone, Paris, and .Monaco, and 
have these conmittees select the best v/orks for disiolay at the Chicago fair; 
their decisions sriould be sent in v/ritinr: to Chicar^o. 


II A 5 c - 3 - P0LI3H 


III II Dziennik Chicagoski ^ Dec* 1, 1692 • 


The undersigned also wish to add tiaat the Company will undertake tiie rep- 
resentation of Polish artists and facilitate relations with the vorld^s Fair 
administration, especially v;ith TTr. Ives, director of art; nedals and awards 
will be handled, and various other services will be perforraed. If the iolish 
artists who participate in the exliibit v;ish to choose someone to represent 
them, their representative v;ill be welcomed and will be accorded the finest 


i\3 to tho realization of the other aims the undersigned have nade the follov/- 

ing provisions: it is desired, to operi a separate salon during the course of 

thd fair v;here, if the number of worthy entries is too great for display at -^ 

the Polish section in tho Fine .o'ts Palace, Polish works can be exhibited, j 

Vithout doubt many guests and art connoisseurs will co.Tie to Chicago "during the ' • 

fair; therefore, those desirous of seeing or purchasing Polish art will have 

a better opportunity than ever before. 

I1-*J^^ - 4 - ?QLI3!I 

III a'^ 

III H Dzienni k Chicagoski > Jec. 1, lo92, 


The follov/inc sti^ond vjill bo ch;ir.rod: 10 ^^rsi* cent for selling art "oiecss 
on exhibit at tha Tair, 15 ^)or cent for selling objects of art rron the :.bove- 
rrivintionod salon, 8 por cent for exliibiting ontrios at the salon, 5 r^or cent 
for displayin^^ objects x'or sale at tha fair, in the event they ure not sold 
and are leturnea to the owner. The paclcin^ chaiv;es and ilsl: inust be borne by 
the ov/ners. 

The transnortation charr-es and taxes v/ill be naid bv the .'olish i^'ine .-.rts ..x- 
hibit Joni]riny, provided that the pictures are sent without fra'ies rind valued 
at not i:iore than a thousand dollars. The char^'icjs xor handlin;^ the entries 2 

will be collected upon their arrival or sale, or iiot loiioGi* than two j:nonths v^ 

after the close of the Oolunbian Jxpocition, or six laonths after having bhem ^"^3 

displayed in the salon, ^ntrics should be addressed direct ^*in bend" to the 
custOHLhouse in Chicago. Tlioso intended for the fair should be Marked ^*For the 
OoluiTibian Jxposition." Fra.ies will be supplied here in order to avoid hij.'^her 
express charges and taxes. Their cost v/ill be defrayed by the Company. In 


II A 5 c - 5 - PCLI3H 

III :i 

III H Dziemiik Chica^oski, Doc. 1, 1892, 


the event tint an artist desires to send liis ^ lintinp; rrciined he should 
arr:-.n(!;e to pay for t-ho cost of transportation and taxes himself. 

Further particulars will appear in detail in circulars xvhich y;ill be distri- 
buted, r.oanv.'hile it is ur^ed tliat all Polish artists inake arrancenents Tor 
sending ^heir choice works and notif:^an:'^ the undersiroied of their plans. Ae 
deadline for oxjiibits at tlie Jolaibian Exposition is definitely set for Ka;/ 1, 

It is hoped that all Polish :<rtists v;ill support this enterprise and v;ill exert 
overy effort to have a cross section of t-olish art on exhibit at the Chicago 
fair. This will be their only opportmiity to have their vjorks on display, and 
it should not be overloo'ced. It is also hoped that those of the great Polish 
artists v;ho ;ish to display sone thing the" have already sold will make ar- 
ran/?e.^ents with the purchasers to have this v/ork on public viev; at the Pine 



II A 5 c - 6 - PCLI3II 


III H Dziennik Gliicggoslii , Dec. 1, 1392. 


.arts Palace in Gliica^o. It is only throu^^ii this laadiuui that the great 
Polish vjorks can co.'iio to the attention not only oT the Polish people but of 
the {general public. In this v;ay Polish >^enius v.'ill.nover die. 

Letters snould b e addressed to I'.v. Adalia oatalecki, 106 /est Iladison Jtreet, 
Chicago, Illinois, U. J. i. 

OUicaco, :iovenber 26, 1892. 


.J. 7. Adalia 3atal3Cki, 
Paxirailian Drzymala, 
Casiiair Jawicki, 
Sicismund Kogalski, 
Ilerj?'/ Lubionski- 



II A 3 c 



Dziennik Chica-oski , Oct. 5, 1892 

The --olish Fine ^iPt ilxhibit Coinpany v;as incorporated yesterday at Spring- 
field. This nev; Polish enterprise lias a stock value of jlO,000. The in- 
corporators are Tliaddeus .ild, Casimir 3av;icki, S* F. Adalia Sathlecki, 
and others. 

The purpose of this organization is to fori.i a 1-olisli artists' c^oup vihich 

mil display Polish art at the ./orld's Colui.ibian j]:cposition in 1893, and 

if it is at all possible, to maintain a "^eriiianent rolish art salon in 2 




• ..' ^^ 

A. Vocational 
3. Aesthetic 
d. Theatrical 
(1) Drama 


- x 







II A 3 d (1) 

■ ... V 

Dziennik ZJednoczenia » Jan. 6, 1927, 

A trouToe of 20 Polish Artists who are en route to Chicago from Ner York will present 
the famous folk drama of Ladislaus Reymont's Feasants. Interpertation of the drama 
will he suToervised by Mr. T. Fiotrowski and directed by Theodore V/andycz and 
Ladislaus Ochrymowicz. 

Presentation of the drama Peasants will be shown at Saint Stanislaus Kostka parish 
hall Saturday evening, and a matinee Sunday at 2 P. M. with an evening x)erfornance 
at 8 P. M. 






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II A 5 d (1 ) POLISH 

Dziennik Zv;iazkov/y , ?eb. 20, 1918 • 

"CGiOEL: I IJ[Z;C^L'' (..ITII Flic .^D 3;;OR13) 


The play entitled "Oe;niem I L'ieczer." v/as presented yesterda3- at the Kosciusko 
Theater, 1064 Llilv/aukee Avenue. Probably every Pole is familiar with the 
incomparable novel of this title, replete v/ith humor and beautiful lancua^e, 
by our late lar.iented author, Menryk oienkiev;icz. 

Dravm by curiosity, I i/ent to see the play, pro-nnrod in advance to ^./itness 
a parody • It v/as presented in four acts; the scenario v;as c^od, the old 
Polish lan£:uac,e was retained, the costujiies were beautiful, and the scenery 
left nothing to be desired. But .nost i:::portant vras the fact that the actors, 
of v/hom there were about ten in the play, understood and enacted their roles 

7. V;ojcicki was incomparable in the role of Zacloba; no author could dream 

II ;> c a (1) - '^ - pcijSii 

D:^ien-ii;: ; i'Tilco:/:' job. '!0, 191^:. 

of n cotter intcr-'-^ret'ition oi this c:i':'.ric:uor. (Tiifjro ii-ve : Irc^dy boen 
3evor-.l i>^t ."v.'-^'rct'^tions oi' /r-lrua in >hic-'-;G, but none to eo::T>'a*e v/itli thi, 
one)* I::. 1." o :-i;lo oT >:rzotu';-:i, . i*. ^I ^--i£; 0/:you vroll, but '^ little :\0's*e 
oner"*:' on his " : rt .'oulci huve hol"*")0'i. Lr. ."; rzvc::.]: ;';l'^yeu ' o:iun uno:v'"cct^ dly 
veil docr^itc '.'c i*- ct tb^'t ho l':enoi oho 2".eco::^r:*ir:' "^^h/cic-.l nro^ortionc .or 
the T'^-rt. h'c ir: ono oi' ^he _oro:..o::t loliGh actor.*:: in jioricr-. • 

] r:-. J\ '/oicichi ■'^l '^od the r^^lo of hclcn:. f-niltleLisl'- , denictin,-' a i» 
lolich t:'^e, full of ^'T'aCo \nd noiost;-. IT/ol, .:ho ""l-/.yed the Ininces.:, 
v:(ic enccllent. ■i'.h;''"»tin.'' horcelf v.'oll ;;o the ; ri..:toc:*':.tic : m"^ncrn of nrinccdy 

A '%.«.«> ' ^ ^. A A.. > . «-> a. •"' '-wi^ •*• -U. . . V ^ ..^ .^^. t_rv/ \^^A>'.' ''-.^ ^ *~^ \^ -~m,^ '^ « . . N^ .^ ^-.X ^ - \J->-.^^.^«ito fr-^ *-«' ^v ^ —. ^ ^ * Ni^ ' -' >-«. f 

I.r. Ilesh'icz:;nr:hi de^ervoG r.^'oci-.l ^ onb ion I'ov iiis yorfor-' -inco -.c the old 
serv'mt, .he r-'rt'ir; ho -.ns n li tlo too old for the r)'i.rt of, bvon 
the srvillor roles of f:Tieon -.nd t".:o Cor:L3::c":c '..'ere ^•)lci:'ed 'veil, -.nd in ycneral, 
the '^ction ^vis .juctained bhrou diuut. 

The jirectors of the thenter floGervo •ichnov.le.'/Tr.ont for -nresentinr th.ic 

II ;. 3 d (1 ) - z - roLi3i-: 

Dziciinil: '";iazl:ov.7; , ?eb. !^C, 191C. 

v^orth'.-.'"^iilo riictoricil z^^l'^y* lioevur li-is not yet seen it c-m still see 
it tod' y or to.^iorroTr. The play is avidocl into -.our pcirts of Tour acts 
erich. :.'oiir '.cts ..111 be played each v/oek and '.nyone "vho v;ants to see 
the corii:-l'3tf) r-liv riust attend every 7:ool:. 




II A 3 d (1 ) F0II3PI 

D z i e nn i ■ : Zv;i a z^.c o: rr , :::.;r. :^7, 1917. 

A nevrly or':.>nizGl theatric':! coin-nany, tinder the direction of T. i. . Piotrov;- 
ski, v:ill :iresent a play on lurch r:6 :\t the A^rshall Theater, r:915 ::e3t H^nd 
Street. Tlie troupe is coi.iposed of UaQs. d. ?iotrov;s::i, !'• '. uzr.iinsici, and 
C. T^ielshi, and I o:j;srs, ?• A, Piotrov/shi, J. riotroushi, 3. lielinski, 
L. vlinecki, and S. i:iia-:ov;3':i. 

7ror.i Aonda" to A' lay inclusive, that is, on ::arch a6, '.7, and C8, they 
v:ill present an interestinc three-act Tolay based on conditions in the 
I">ussian Court. The play, -.;hich is entitled '»The Aujvder of the C3zar of 
Aussia,'' has been produced aath rreat care, ITev; scenery, magnificent star:;e 
effects, and imusually rich costwiies add greatly to its effectiveness. 

Kno^Jinc hov/ ea^,:er the Polish people in St. Casimir's Parish and surround- 
ing neichborhoods are to have moral Polish plays properly performed, the 
director a'ill exert every effort to : a/a this company ansv;er its lofty 
pu3?pose . 

II A 3 d (1) POLISH 

II A 3 a 

I A 1 a Dzienn ik Z wiazkowy ^ Apr. 28, 1911. ,.i- . ; « , 

III C - - . 



National culture is the sura total of what the people of any country have 
accomplished in the fields of science and aesthetics during their upward climb 
toward the goal of spiritual perfection, F^verj nation has institutions which 
determine its continuance or its downfall, its progress or retrogression, its 
power or weakness, its fame or its dishonor. 

The first of these institutions is the government, \A^ich molds the destiny of 
the nation at home and abroad. The second institution is that of the church, 
whose representatives are the mediators between God and man. They have the 
power either to lead the trusting people a,loiig the right road, illuminated by 
the light of their own virtues, or to obscure the vision of the people by 
teaching them fanaticism, and permitting them to hear only the thunderous 
voice of the shepherd compelling them to blind submission. 

The third institution is that of education which, like a plow uproots the 
weeds of prejudice from the human mind, changing it into fertile soil bearing 

II A 3 d (1) - 2 - POLISH 

II A 3 a 

I A 1 a Dziennik Zwiazkovyy ^ Apr. 28, 1911, 


baautiful flowers of knowledse which absorb healthy thoughts of the world. 
The fourth institution is that of art. Knowledge and art supplement each other; 
the first enlightens the soul and the oth-^r improves it by making it more noble 
and beautiful. 

How would our temples, our buildings, and our bridges look, had they been built 
according to mathematical calculations only, had they not been beautified by 
art? This rule can also be applied to man. 3van an educated man, without an 
artistic understanding is unable to perceive the beauties of nature; they do not 
appeal to him because their bright rays cannot penetrate his heart. 

It is ^en actors are capable of transmitting with fervor the thought of the 
author and hold the audience spellbound; when eyes are filled ?/ith tears because 
of some sad scene or with joy when they share the happiness of others, that love 
arises in the hearts of humanity for that v/hich is good and noble. Theaters are, 
therefore, an important factor in the education of the masses; they are a living 
record of huragin history, and a presentation of life in plastic form. Examples of 
heroic deeds, historical facts and customs of the various classes when portrayed 
with realism, present the sad events, family celebrations, and sorrows as well as 

II A 3 d (1) - 3 - POLISH 

II A 3 a 

I A 1 a Dziennik Zwiazkovry , Apr. 28, 1911 • 


joys - all of this is expressed in dramatic art. 

The degree of any nation's culture is judged by the development of its art. The 
tl.eatsr had its origin in ancient Greece. Next to the temples, the structures 
there, devoted to theatrical purposes, were riost imposing. The theater passed 
through many stages of evolution before it reached its present state. A theater 
is like an institution of higher learnin:;, bec'^use it enlightens the masses by 
presenting to them examples of that with v;hich millions of souls are filled; 
and with which the whole nation is inspired. \!e Polish-Americans should have 
such institutions in Chicago. \7e are quite prosperous, and should therefore use 
every means to insure the continuation of the theater and its arts* 

II A S d (1) 

I c 


Dzl enn ik Zwiazkowy , April 14, 1909. 


Last night the American organization of the Knights of Colamhus, of which many 
Polish young men are members, paid tribute to our famous artist Mrs* Helen Modjeski 
who died a few days ago. The large Congress Hall, at Congress and Honore Streets, 
was filled to capacity with admirers of the noted artist. The chief speaker of 
the evening was the renowned actor. Prank Keenan, who came from New York to attend. 
He praised the great work of the artist, emphasizing her kindheartedness, gifted 
talent, and the Polish patriotism and loyalty to her adopted country. Other 
speakers of the evening were Herbert C. Duce, manager of the Oarrick theater, who 
was followed by Daniel Donahue, attorney at law; Dr. Eugene Clancy, and P. B. 
Flanagan, another lawyer. All paid tribute to the deceased artist. 

The chairman for the affair was our own friend Anton C. Zarnecki, editor and 
grand knight of Oen. James Shields Council of the Knight of Columbus. It was 
resolved that fitting expressions of respect and condolence be sent to her son 
Ralph Modjeski, and that copies of these expressions be sent to the libraries in 
Krakow, Poland, and Los Angeles, California. Choral singing concluded as well as 

opened the program. The members of the Press committee, who also submitted the 

tributary notices to the press were: Anton Prominski, George Deasy, and George 

II A 3 d (1 ) POLISH 

II B 1 o (1) 

r- •■' 

IJarod Pol skit Vol. XI t No. 9, Feb. 27 1 1907 


Next Sundayt llaroh 3, the Polish Theater will give a play in the 
Gar rick The at re • 

^ The name of the play is "The love making of Firoyk," a three-act 
comedy by Zablooki. 

II A 5 d (1) 

II D 3 


Dziennik Chicagoski, Nov. 15, 1897. 


Despite the inclement weather a near capacity crowd of Poles, Americans, and 
people of other nationalities attended the performance of **Mary Stuart," a 
benefit show sta,i:ed by Helen Ivlodrzejewska ^Mne* Modjeska^ for the Polish 
Hospital, at the Grand Opera House last night. The house would have been 
sold out, but some of the people misunderstood and thought that the play was 
going to be performed in Polish* 

The performance v/as excellent. Our star displayed the acme of acting, which 
inspired her supporting cast to give their best. Applause was not stinted as 
the curtain fell at the close of each act. 

After the third act, the queen of the dramatic stage was given a beautiful 
bouquet of fresh roses trimmed with f^olden lace, a token of appreciation from 
the Polish editors of Chicago. L^e. Modjeska also received a floral frame 


■■ ji 

II A 5 d (1) - 2 - POLISH 

II D 3 

Dziennlk Chicagoski ^ Nov. 15, 1897« 

with the inscription "Polish Hospital" made of small flowers, above which was T 
a large star made of American beauty roses. The Polish actress was greatly p 
moved by these two gifts. fl 

At the close of the first act^ the Polish editors went backstage by special , ; 
invitation and exchanged friendly greetings and, above all, thanked her for her _: 
kind gesture. They thanked her in the name of the Polish orphans and the Sister^ 
of Nazareth. All regretted her departure when the bell sounded for the curtain ' " 
to rise for the second act. 

Miss Proctor, who portrayed the role of Elizabeth, received a beautiful bouquet 
of flowers from the administration of the Polish Hospital at the close of the 
fourth act. 

This evening Mme. Modjeska is appearing in Shakespeare's immortal drama, 
"Macbeth"; tomorrow evening in "Camilla," and Wednesday in "Mary Stuart." This 
is her final appearance on the Chicago stage this yeair. 

II A 5 d (1) POLISH 

II B 1 c (1) 

IV Dziennik Chicagoski , Sept. 12, 1892. 


R3C0RD cRo;ro7 

Miss Helen Modzejewska's performance at the Polish Hall attracted so many 
people that the Hall was filled to capacity for the first time since it 
was built. The attendance v/as so large that there was no room in the hall 
to accommodate all who came, and many had to stand. Had the Hall been 
twice as large as it actually is, it is doubtful whether all who came to 
see the great Polish actress would have been seated. It was estimated 
that from five to six thousand persons had come to see Lliss Modzejewska, 
the outstanding Shakespearian actress of all time. Indeed, it was un- 
fortunate that there was no room for all in the Hall. 

Up to the present time, no Polish performance in America has ever attracted 
so large a number of ardent theatergoers. It is doubtful whether this 
record attendance will be duplicated again, at least for some time to come. 
Even if last Sunday's attendance was not record-breaking, yesterday's was 

II A 5 d (1) - 2 - POLISH 

II B 1 c (1) 

IT Dzlennlk Chlcagoskl , Sept. 12, 1892. 

In spite of the rain, the public began to gather early, thus setting a new 
high in attendance. And who could blame the people for flocking to the 
hall in such large numbers? Hadn't they all come to see the queen of all 
Shakespsarian actresses — J.!iss Helen Modzejexvska — who was to play the role 
of Hedwiga, the young Polish queen? Hadn*t they all come to acclaim her 
as their queen? 

V/ords are not sufficient to describe Miss Modzejewska*s performance or to 
express her dynamic dramatic portrayal. Vftiatever we might say, it would 
be but a feeble description of the performance. 

Just as the Poles of old were happy to welcome the Polish Q,ueen Hedwiga 
during her reign, so were the Poles of today happy to welcome Miss 
Modzejewska. Her every move and word on the stage was received with awe 
and, every ttne the curtain fell at the close of a scene, the audience 
showed its enthusiasm with thunderous applause. Hundreds of people felt 
for the first time a genuine national feeling such as they had never felt ^ 

II A 5 d (1) - 3 - POLISH 

II B 1 c (1) 

IV Dziennik Chicaf^ski , Sept. 12, 1892. 

before in their lives. 

It is easier to ^vrite about the play than about IJiss Modzejewska^s perform- 
ance of the title role. The play in itself expresses the feelings of 
Hedwiga, a young queen compelled to give up the man she loves by her father, 
who has made other arrangements for her marriage which will greatly benefit 
the country and the people. Her father's choice was Ladislaus Jagello, the 
coarse-looking young Lithuanian prince. The young queen had heard that the 
prince was a wild man, but when she saw him she realized that all she had 
heard about him was false. 

The author excels in bringing out the emotions that were harbored in the 
heart of Hedwiga. To give up her love for Wilhelm would have been to deny 
herself her only true love — not to marry Jagello would have been to forsake 
her country and the people over whom she ruled. Her decision was that of 
a true queen, a queen that Poland has never forgotten. 

II A 3 d (1) - 4 - POLISH 

II B 1 c (1) 

IV Dziennik Chicagoski , Sept. 12, 1892. 

Every move, every word, and every feeling was genuinely portrayed by Miss 
Modzejewska last night. Hedwiga*s indescribable emotions — her sympathy 
and affection, her fears and pride, her duty to the kingdom and her 
resignation to the sacrifice for her country — could not have been portrayed 
any better had Q,ueen Hedv/iga herself been there in person. 

Miss Helen Kodzejewska's supporting cast was made up of local amateur artists. 
It would be unfair to compare their acting with that of the star performer. 
Their acting was as different from hers as a lowly peasant is different from 
a regal queen. It cannot be denied, however, that our amateurs did their 
best to support Miss H. Modzejewska. Let it be said that they had never 
played better. This, of course, may be attributed to the inspiration they 
received frcm the leading star. All supporting performers v/ere applauded 
equally for their good work. 

Historical facts relative to this episode were given by Reverend 7. f r^ 
Barzynski, who closed his commentaries with the classic story of Hedwigai ^ 

II A 3 d (1) - 5 - POLISH 

II B 1 c (l) 

17 Dziennik Chicagoski, Sept. 12, 1892. 

and Jagello before it was presented on the stage. 

Those who saw this performance will never forget it as long as they live. 
It will be one that will be told over and over again as the years go by, 
a treasure never to be forgotten. 

IT A 5 d (1 ) 




I » \ ■ J 

Zrod^, Vol. II, No. 35, Au[:;ust 31, 1892 • 


Mrs* Helena Modrze jev/ska came to Chic^-^^ yesterday* .Ve hasten to inform ''''ou 
that she shall ta^e rart, September 4, at the school hall located at Bradley 
Street, in the role of "Aristocrats." This Sunday she shall perform in a 
new play," Queen Hedwig," playinr the mle of said title. 

The money collected from t>iese rerfomances will be r<sed fcr sone beneficial 
purpose. But for what purpose it is not known as yet. 

'v7e donH doubt that Mrs. Helena Modr-'eiewska, wbo is such a popular Polish 
actress, vrill not for^^et that in Chicago v/e are acceptinf^ funds for the 
statue of Thadeus Kosciuszko* 

A. Vocational 
3. Aesthetic 
d. Theatrical 
(2) Dancing 

II A 3 d (2) POIJSH 

II B 1 a 

II B 2 f Dziennik Zjednoczenia , July 29, 1927. 



Youn^ Polish pupils of Uiss Mar:'- Hayne, v;ho is the teacher of ballet dancing 
in LIr, Jasinski's school of music v/ere very successful in their task. If 
we vjant to be progressive and Iceep up v/ith the tines, v/e mxxst create new 
fields of culture and art. To that progress in art, in our Chicago Polish 
settlement, undoubtably belong the idealistic activities of Mr. Jasinski^s 
musical institution. This school of LIusic exercises a vital influence on 
the comiaunity, and serves as an encoura^eir^ent for others by its recitals, 
concerts and other musical entertainments. Even the Aiaerican public of 
artistic taste has learned about it from the articles which have appeared 
in the English press. Some of these articles vjere very complimentary. 

Last Friday's performance of ballet dancing, under the direction of Miss 
Hary Hayne, met v/ith a ^reat triumph. Miss Lary Hayne is a very competent 
instructor of ballet dancing, who applies the latest scientific methods 
in her instruction includint;; the knovrledge of anatomy and psychology and 

II A 5 d (2) - 2 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

II B 2 f Dziennik Zjednoczenia , July 29, 1927 • K^ "•'' 


implanting simultaneously in the pupils the principles of ethics and 
aesthetics. It is an undeniable fact that Mr. Jasinski's School of Music 
is a first class institution, because, the public who attended its last 
ballet dance was greatly charmed by the performance. Each number v/as 
performed v;ith such great skill, and there v.'as such a great variety of 
numbers that the public v/as enthused during its entire performance. 

It was hard to tell which number was the best because the public ap- 
plauded every act tremendously. Besides the ballet dancing there were 
also other acts. A note v;orthy of praise should be given to the senior 
and junior orchestras v;hich played several selections under the direction 
of Mr. Jasinski. Mr. ./. Malinowski, a young Polish violinist, played 
'♦Hungarian Dance" by Bralims, for v/hich he v/as greatly applauded and he 
obliged his audience v;ith an encore. At the close of the performance 
Mr. Jasinski introduced Miss Mary Hayne, the ballet dancing instructor, 
to the audience and lauded her untiring efforts in the field of fine 

II 3 5 d (2) - 3 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

II 3 2 f Dziennik Zjedaoczenia, July 29, 1927. %ih '''■'./ 


Tlie audience expressed its appreciation by lon^ applause, '^e wish I^. 
Jasinski^s Music School success. The school is located at 1110 Milxvaukee 
Avenue • 

II A 3 d (2) Dziennlk Zwlazkowy, March 29, 1913 

II D 3 

A FAMOUS POLISH DANCER , ^ . .^ ^..^.^ ^yj^ 

Mile* Janina Butkiev/icz, well-known classic and Polish folk-dance artist, will be 
one of many noted artists to appear at the dance being given at the Hotel LaSalle 
April 2, for the benefit of St» Mary of Nazareth Hospital, 

Mlle.Butkiewicz is distinguished for her French, Russian, Spanish, Polish and 
Oriental dances. Mlle# Butkiewicz will reside in Chicago, and is engaged to 
appear with Mme. Junk's troupe of the Chicago Grand Opera* 


B, Avocational and Intellectual 
1. Aesthetic 
a. Music 

%>■ ' 



' II 3 1 



II 3 2 (1 (1) 

III 3 o Interview with Mr. Francis Wilga, secretary 

of the Polish Singers' Alliance, 1668 W. 
Division St., Chicago, 111., by Thos. Nowacki, 
May 3, 1937. 

The Polish Singers Alliance was organized in 1889. It embraces 
100 active, twenty-eight less active adult and twenty-seven 
children and youth choirs in U. S. A. The whole country is divided 
into nine districts. 

There are two districts in Chicago No. 1 and No. 2, comprising 
twenty-eight adult and four youth choirs, having more than 1,500 
active members. In the adult group there are twenty men's five 
women's, and three mixed choirs. 

Every choir gives at least one, and frequently two public concerts 
anniially, at least twice a year every choir gives a ball with a 


II B 1 a 

Interview with Mr Francis Wilga, 
May 3, 1937. 


Daring the summer there are picnics, arranged by individiial 

Every district has an annual song festival when the choirs of 
the different districts compete for the first prize. 

Every three years the best choirs of each district in the 
country take part in a contest to determine which is the best 
Polish choir in the U. S. A. The city where the next national 
contest is to take place is always decided upon at the last 
national singing contest. 

The Polish Singers' Alliance has an official organ Przeglond 
Spiewacsy (The Singers' Review) which is published in Chicago, 

The offices of the Polish Singers* Alliance are located at 

1668 V/. Division St. The president of the alliance is Mr* 
Mallek and the general secretary is Mr. Francis Wilga. 

II B 1 a 

III B ? 
Ill 3 4 
II B 2 d (2) 

II B 2 d (3) 

HJ History of the Polish Singers' Alliance In America . 1889-1934 

II B 1 c (z) 

Published on Account of its 24th Convention In New York, May 26, 1934* 

Scattered all over the world on account of losln'' their independence, the 
Poles preserved their soul and nationality through their speech and song. 
Speech and songt besides the love for their beloved native land, kept up 
their Polish spirit. 

Together with the Pole in his wandering through foreign lands went his 
wonderful, soul-soothing native song. Today the Polish song soars under 
the Polish sky, full of majesty and strength, praising the Polish patriot- 
ism! which is the foundation of a new and resurrected Poland. 

Therefore, whoever cherished the Polish song through the years of bondage 
was a high priest in the temple of love for his motherland, carrying the 
banner of Poland before his nation, and placing a stone in the foundation 
of the mighty structure of Polish republic* For the Polish song was uniting 
not only their voices, but also their hearts. It was uniting them together 



A-' ' V 

> - ^ 

History of the Polish Sing:ers' Alliance In Amerioa t 1889-1934. 

v/lth the invisible cement of devotion and sacrifice, on the altar of love 
for their mother country. 


The history of the Polish Singers' Alliance in America dates back to the 
year of 1888, when the life of our Polish organizations was in its infancy* 
There are some people who still remember those times. Its narrative ought 
to serve our younger generation as an example. The Polish Singers' Alliance 
in America passed through all kinds of experiences. As elsewhere, so in 
here were people of ill will who tried to wreck the Alliance, ^.n spite of 
that the Alliance did not cancel any of its programs* but went right through 
with them; grow in number and gained the respect of the whole Polish com- 
munity in America* 

It would be almost impossible to write a detailed history of the Polish 
Singers' Alliance in America, not only on account of the frequent movings 
of its headquarters, but also because some of Its records, including very 
importsuit documents between the years of 1369-1913, were lost. 

- 3 - 


History of the Polish Slnfcers' Alliance in Amerlca t 1889-1914# 

In 1897, during its VIII convention in Grand Rapids, Michigan, the Alliance 
split in two* This lasted till 1903. Durins that time two organs, Ziarno 
and Harmonia , were nibli shed. In 1913 the T/III convention was held. Before 
that convention, the secretary of the Alliance was fortunate ii securing 
the records of the Alliance from 1889 to 1913, from which he copied the 
most Important events. Those notations were published in the fir^^t history 
of Polish singers in America^ 

In 1924 this hiirtory was reprinted on account of the Alliance's 35th anni- 
versary* In 1919 the Alliance almost ceased to exist and all records were 

The cradle of the Polish Sin^^ers' Alliance in America was undoubtedly the 
Holy Trinity Parish. Ur. Anthony Mallek was the real founder of the organ- 
ization, and for many years he was its leader. Father D» Hajer of St. Paul, 
Minn., was ano her great contributor to\vards its success. He assisted by 
personal agitation and also by making letters. lienor to him. 

- 4 - 


History of the Polish Sln=:ers' Alltance In America , 1869-1914. 

The first meeting took place on the fourth day of December, 1668. Thanks 
to Father D. Majer's advice, and Ur» Mallek's motion, it was deol:ied to 
organize all Polish singers and choirs into one organization: "Zwiazer 
Spiewakow Polskich w Ameryee, • (The Polish Singers' Alliance in America)* 

The following choirs joined ^he Alliance and became the original founders 
of the organization: "Chor Chopina" No* 1 of Clicago, from the Holy Trinity 
Parish; "Chor Chopina" No. 2, from Milwaukee, Tis»; and "Chor Hannonia," 
from La Salle, Illinois, as numher 3* Other Polish orgaaizations refused 
to cooperate with the Polish Singers' Alliance in America, thinking that 
the singers' organization was harmful to them. 

In 1389 a flr^t convention of Polish singers took place in Chicago, and 
at that convention many important resolutions were adopted; a statement was 
published In newspapers that the Singers' Alliance was not organized for 
the purpose of harming the Polish National Alliance, but on the contrary, 
for its benefit* 

- 5 - POLISH 

History of the Polish Sinscers' Alliance In America . 1889-1914. vi%llr._- 


Por» through the song the Polish spirit is awakened. At that convention 
a new management was elected and as all its members wera from Milwaukee, 
Wis«, with the exception of the head leader, the headquarters were moved 
to that city» 

In 1890 the next convention took place in Milwaukee, Wis» At that conven- 
tion it was decided that Ziarno , (The Seed), would be the official organ 
of the singers. There were about one hundred compositions in the Alliance's 
library. At that time there was about $200 in the treasury of the Alliance, 
In 1890 the choir "Lutnia, • from Cxrand Rapids, Michigan, was admitted into 
the Alliance as a member. 

The III convention took place in Chicago, 1891. At that time there was 
$400 worth of musical compositions in the library. The IV convention was 
held in Grand Rapids, MichiE^an, in 1892, At that convention It was decided 
that each choir should buy its own choir music. Five choirs were represented 
at that convention. On the 9th of March, 1893, the "Wanda." a Chicago choir. 


- 6 - POLISH 

^ .\ 

History of the Polish Slni^ers* Alliance in Amerloa t 1889-1914. (v^^''^ -^ 


joined the Alliance as a member No« 9, and on the 22nd of March, the choir 
"Harmonla* followed. The choir "Uonluszko" left the Alliance in 1893. 

In 1893 the V convention was called to Chicr.go, in which eight choirs parti- 
cipated. In 1893 a new choir, "Antoni Kontski , »• from St. Paul, joined the or- 
ganization as choir No. 11. 

On the 3l5?t day of Decemher, 1894, it was decided to incorporate the organ- 
ization under the state laws and secure a charter^ On the 28th of April, 1894, 
the choir "Moniuszko" rejoined the Alliance, and on the 8tb of September, the 
choir "Halka" joined the organization* 

The VI convention was held in Milwaukee, 'i^lsconsin, in 1896. It was a very poor 
year and only five choirs were present. The Alliance had then 194 members and 
$219.70 in the treasury. The sheet music in the library represented a value of 
1394.25. It was decided to hold conventions every two years. The VII convention 
was held in Milwaukee, A^lsconsln, on the 7th of September, 1897. It was one of 

. 7 . . POLISH 

History of the Polish Singers^ Alliance In America , 1889-1914* 

the best conventions^ There were eleven choirs and thirty delegates. At that 
time the choir "Kalina" jojned the Alliance, increasing the membershio to 264 
members. There was $2,819 in the treasury. Ur« Boleslaw Derabinski was made 
honorary member of the Alliance. 

Prom 1898 to 1904 the Alliance grew continuously. The year of 1898 was a sad 
one, for in that year the convention, held in Grand Rapids, Michigan, elected 
a new mano.gement, and the headquarters were moved to Chicago. Some of the 
members were opposed to this and held another convention in Milwaukee, Jis^, 
invalidating by that the one held in Grand Rapids, Michigan. 

This split the Polish Singers' Alliance in America in two, causing a very un- 
pleasant situation and much antagonism among members. This condition lasted 
four years, that is, till 1902, when an arbitration committee was selected, 
and in 1903 a general convention was held in Milwaukee, Wis., at which 96 
delegates and 27 choirs took part* All delegates advocated a union for both 
alliances. This was an important moment in the history of "Polonla" in America. 

. 5 - PQUSH 

History of the Polish Slnr.ers' Alliance In America , 1889-1914# \o.^ ''' :J 

At that time Dr. Vagner was made the president and the Milwaukee Alliance 
had then ten choirs or 352 members and 1^1,334.33 In its treasury. The 
Buffalo Alliance had twenty-one choirs or 582 members and $1, 398.52 in 
cash. Milwaukee was chosen as the headquarters for the reunited alliance. 

The city of Nev/ York was selected for the XV convention which took place 
in 1905, and was represented by 58 delegates. At that convention the 
organization decided to join the Polish National Alliance and the head- 
quarters were moved to Buffalo, N. Y. 

The years of 1906 to 1909 passed quietly. In 1910, the XVII convention 
was held at Baltimore, Md., at which a new management was elected. This 
convention not only exhausted all the funds but also produced a deficit 
of almost $1,000 

//Ithln three years the debt was paid and there was over $3,000 In the 
treasury. At that time there were 62 choirs and over 3,000 members. On 
the 4th day of October, 1912, the first number of Harmonla , the official 

- 9 - POLISH ^--^^ 

History of the Polish Singers' Alllanoe I n Amerloa t 1889-1914# w 

organ of the Alliance, appeared. In 1914 the Harmonla was discontinued. 
In 1915 things went wrong and the management of the Alliance became 
neglectful. From 1913 to 1918 most of the choirs left the Alliance* There 
was a period of stagnation and the organization almost ceased to exist. 
Another separate organization of singers in New York was formed but its 
influence embraced only the eastern states. All this was caused by the 
negligence of the mana^^ement. It was found that the $3,000 donated by 
the Polish National Alliance, had not been used for the purpose for 
which it had been appropriated. Vith the $4,000 received from the Polish 
National Alliance, the management paid off the debts and bought a large 
supply of first class sheet music, from Poland. The membership reached 
to 3,115. This did not please some individuals who caused much misunder- 
standing among the members and within the management. The XVIII convention 
was rather political. At that convention fourteen delegates had false 
mandates and twelve delegates had no mandates at all. They even voted 
lack of confidence for the president of the Alliance, E. Szydlowski. 

- 10 - POLI SH 

/ ^ O 

History of the Polish Singers' Alliance in America t 1889-1914# 

After that convention the New York choirs held a meeting declaring the 
3CVITI convention Invalid. They decided not to send the funds to the head- 
quarters and gave a vote of confidence to president Szydlowki. This was 
followed by a regular mud-throwing in the newspaper articles and lasted 
till 1928. The New York alliance had twenty-two choirs and the old alliance 
only one# 


In October^ 1914, the Alliance held a silver Jubilee in Cleveland, Ohio. 
That jubilee was a success. 

The XIX congress was conducted in Pittsburgh, Pa., in the year of 1916. 
The management became neglectful again. In 1917 the Alliance gave a con- 
cert in Pittsburgh, Pa., for the benefit of poor children in Poland. 

At that time many of our members were joining the Polish army and the 
membership began to fall. 

- 11 - 


History of the Polish Singers' Alliance in Amerloa t 1889-1914. 

The 1919 convention was held in Chicago^ A new and energetic management 
was elected and the Alliance showed some activity. The constitution was 
respectedf many choirs which formerly left the Alliance returned» and 
a number of children's choirs were formed. 

The XXI convention took place in Detroit, Michigan, in 1923, and was 
the most successful in the history of the Alliencet for many choirs took 
active part in it and the Detroit "Polonla" welcomed ajid entertained them 
in a Polish fashion. This convention was very imposing. A magnificent con- 
cert was held in Orchestra Hall, at which, besides the choirs, also solos 
and instrumental music was performed by popular artists. The concert was 
a success and brought $lt 460.34 of clear profit. This convention, however, 
did not pass peacefully; for a contest was held which caused dissatis- 
faction and later on all Detroit choirs left the Alliance, and Mr. C. 
7alewski, the leader, resigned. 


1 ': r'.r.^ a/ 


In 1924 the management of the Alliance, in commemoration of its 35th 

- 12 - POLISH 

History of the Polish Singers' Alliance In America , 1889-1914. ^ '^ ^ ^•^' ./ / 

anniversary, held a concert in Chicago Orchestra Hall. This concert was 
a failure and caused a $2,000 deficit. The deficit was covered by other 
concerts and donations. 

In May, 1926, the XXII general convention of the Polish Singers' Alliance 
in America was held at South Bend. Ind., in which 108 delegates repre- 
senting 42 choirs took part. This convention was disappointing because 
the auditorium was empty, and financially it was a failure. The newly 
elected management was neglecting its duties again. There was also a 
shortage of $600 In the treasury. Some of the officials resigned and 
one official and the cashier were suspended. Before the convention 
assembled the Alliance bought 1,000 Polish song books in Poland for 
$742. Also three months before that convention the Alliance started a 
publication, Gora Plesn , which was discontinued the next year due to 
negligence. There was an attempt to unite the New York choirs with the 


. 13 . POLISH 4 

I ^ 

History of the Polish Slrxr^rs' Alliance in America, 1889-1914. 

Right after the XXII convention, an opera play, "Dzwony Kornewllskie, " 
was nerformed three times, and that brought a deficit of $2,000, which 
in turn caused g;reat consternation among the officials. But another 
plav covered it» 


This convention took place at Cleveland, Ohio, in May, 1929. There were 
81 delegates, representing 37 choirs. 

The most important moment of this convention was the reconciliation of 
the New York and Eastern choirs v/ith the old Alliance. The concert, which 
was held in the Music Hall, was a great success. A new management was 
elected which worked energetically, and a new pullcation called 
Przeglad Spiewaczy was established, but only six numbers were issued. 

Gradually bad times came and there was a general stagnation, the choirs 


- 14 - 


History of the Polish Singers' Alliance In Amerlca t 1869-1914* 

did not pay their dues and all cash assets had been frozen In the closed 
banks. The wealth of the Alliance, $14,000, was lost. 

During; the Chicago V.^orld Fair all Chicago choirs. Including church 
choirs, combined and sang on the Polish Day program. In spite of the 
depression, the Polish Singers' Alliance in America continues its work. 

Short is the history of the Polish Siagers' Alliance in America. There 
is nothing heroic or legendary about it, but its pages show vory plainly 
that our Alliance fulfilled its duties towards our community. 


II B 1 a 

IV Dziennik Zjednoczenia. A pril 28, 1928. ,,,- in ) pf^o; 



On Sunday evening, April 29th, 1928, at Schoenhofen Hall, Milwaukee and Division 
Sts., lovers of rmsic will have an opportunity to hear the work of well-known 
artists, who will present beautiful, tho difficult selections, under the 
direction of Mr. Casimir Jasinski. 


The Polish people should support the efforts of Mr» Jasinski who has, for many 
years, devoted his \intiring efforts towards the development of a Polish sentiment 
for music in our youth. 

The concert begins promptly at 8:15 P.M. 

II ?. 1 a 
I 3 3 b 

III :. 
Ill H 

Driennik Chics?osVl, Jp.r., 1", 19"B. 

YJhen one v/anders about lolish co^/aunl ties , v/hother ir large metropolitan 
centers like Chicoro, Ilev; 7c r>, :^uffalo, and Detroit or in snail towns, 
one cannot help noticing the lar^'^e miinber of Polish children. Children 
are onp f^reatest and nost valuable treasure^ for, after all, v:hnt v^ould be 
the use of toilin(^ da^r and nirht, tryin^ to earn a fevj pennies or a fev7 
dollars, if one ner'lects to lork after one^s children? T'erlected children 
become irresponsible and, after the death of their hard-v/orking parents, 
will squander the hard-earned savlnr^s left to them. 

It is evident that raany children are nee^3.ected to jud^e by the rreat number 
of them that play about the streets unpriided. One plays on a dirt nile, 
others amuse themselves by throv;inf^ dirt or mud at fences and walls, others 
run after a passinr: truck, and others use vile lanf^uaf^e and plot schemes to 
dama{>:e someone* s property. 

n B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

I B 3 b 

III A Dziennik Chicagoski , Jan. 12, 1928* "!!.)?;C 


Yet all of them were fondled by their parents, who called them 
"darlings" when they were babies. They received all the attention in the 
world during infancy, but, due to lack of guidance, as they grew older they 
took to the streets, where their souls were contaminated* 

Every child is a potential genius. All one needs to do is to awaken his 
dormant ambitions, teaching him to appreciate the finer things in life. 
Proper training will do the rest. 

When Herbert Hoover, Marshal Foch, and other dignitaries went to war- 
shattered Poland, the populace displayed their greatest treasure — children. 
So it happened, Marshal Foch and Herbert Hoover were so bewitched by them 
that they stayed a while longer. 

It is well understood that another Polish nation arose in this country, which 
is not as yet a pure American nation. There are, however, national groups 

7* -f -i r ^ 

II P 1 'T - 7 - 

T B ? b '"~r~ 

Ill H 

thr-^t indi V? dnrv.l"'.'' exert :v: effoT^t tc inf.uo^o.e the levelornent of 
the ];rese!^t /jneri^oi: nriticn, vhich is in the ;>r'ocer.s of crofit?on« 

.j5 n result, the Oerman.? , the Irish, the "hnr^lish, the :7v'e'lef^, rjr.c ether 
Anclo-oCGCc.n c^*^'^?- ^"^cnslii: i:s, 05^2— cir:illy _ur ?:^i^Jrfn, ^^r?^"^ ^^terial. 
They believe tha': by usir,^ ur: ^z sr"'oh th'^^^/ ;;il]. be ^ible to cre.^ite e^ 
j-iTriericon nation :r v/hich. not e-ven a uroce o"^ ug -/ill re'-:^!."^ 

Therefore, the ^.-olish yout'^ in es-^^er.ti?;! to cur fntiire If -ve are to ccrve 
cut an e":u^.d niche in t;^e fjelci of o^ilture f^nr] ci t:^* 7er'SMn, th'"it ic, jn 
le^^islative institutions, in -icninistr^jtive beetles, ^'n enuoation and in 
every other field. 

Afte:*^ rill, what './ill cur ohilr'^ren brou^-'it ^'p under ruch stranp-e nethods 
thin:<: v;hen thev '^ror; un and rer-llze that althou"-h the^' are ' '^ a clish 
narentr. thev norncn^ ctran^e c'lsrac^erintics that ri'^^'^e the^i v*nnioh ac I^ole.^? 


II B 1 a - 4 - POLISH 
I B 3 b 

III A Dziennik Chicagoski , Jan. 12, 1928. 
Ill H 

Vftiat will Poland think of her four million children in America who 
have so easily let themselves be subdued by the Anglo-Saxons? V/ith what 
disdain will the other national groups look upon us who possess such price- 
less treasure and yet let it slip out of our possession! 

This is one of the reasons, brother Poles, why we — as singers who preserve 
the beautiful traits of the Polish character v/ith the help of songs, melodies, 
tempos, harmonies, and the various other ways associated with the world of 
music — are making an appeal to you to become our associate workers^ Let us 
all become ardent v\rorkers among the children by organizing children* s choirs, 
not for two or three months, but for an indefinite period of time. In this 
way they will be given constant care and guidance; the talents of thousands 
will be uncovered and the raw gold that may appear will be brilliantly polished 
by offering opportunities to those that show promise, who in time will be- 
come bright shiny stars admdred not only by the Polish people but also by the 
world at large. 

Let us bear in mind that a good portion of Poland *s budget is spent for the 

II B 1 a - - roLis:] 

I B 3 b " ,. ^ . 

Ill ;. Dziennik Ghic?>^-03k l^ J^ji . i.?, 19^^^. V , ^i^^- ' 


school systen; besides, the Polish people pay out larrre s^jms for the 

education of their children, many of v/hom attend private schools. 

Let us follo;v this exajnple of the homeland, v:here the people know vdiat they 
are doino Surely, v;e all know the Importance of education today — education 
is m.icht# 

Let us orf:anize children's choirs to satisfy our tradi«.ional craving for 
nusic; let us or:':anize children':^ orchestras, ^-ettinr- true musicians to 
conduct them; let our talent smooth and polish tiie imibedded and vur^Red am- 
bitions of our children. There is no greater r^^ward than that of seeinr 
the blossom, of a flov^er that has been under our constant care. 

./hen Poland crumbled as a state, it \cas only in the fields of music, liter- 
ature, and art that our people stood to^^eth'=^r. because of this, let us not 
be sT>arirp in the time, mone:/, or v'o^'^ snert for the trainin,^ of our child- 
ren in all the fields of art; let us organize children's choirs s^ that ou^ 

II B 1 a - 6 - POLISH 
I B 3 b _ ^ 

III A Dziennik Chicagoski , Jan. 12, 1928. ^' ^ ' 

children may retain our characteristics The Polish Singers 

Alliance has received a letter from the secretary of 1. Paderewski, in 
which the world- renowned musician thanks the Singers Alliance for the 
honorary diploma which the latter bestowed upon him at the General As- 
sembly held in 1926 in South Bend, Indiana. The secretary states that the 
concert master accepts honorary membership in the Polish Singers Alliance. 
He also informs us that Lir. Paderewski is so interested in the work of 
this organization that he contemplates building a home for the Polish singers 
in Chicago. 

The follov/ing committee was delegated to welcome and honor Mr* Paderewski 
during his next visit in Chicago: Col. A. Karcynski, director; Col. W. 
Petrykcwski, president; Col. E. Pawlowski, vice-piresident. 

Because of important developments, the meeting scheduled for January 18, 
has been postponed for a week by the Komitetu Budowy Domu Spiewaczego 


1 a 

^ n ^ 


i J i3 b 

III ;. 



Dziennik Chicpros^i 


J ^^!- . 




' M''\ 

— *-» 

H - 

(:"3inrer'3' Iloiae ^'uildinp Oo:"]]"^ttGe) • ;.ll delegates are -^^^^^uented 
to attenr". this raeetinr, to be held on ..''e'fnesc'ay, January ?n, at 8. ? 
at the hall of the rolis-i ''atj'-^nal ;j.llance, ''ohle an-"^ '"'Ivi^jon street?, 
Delerai:es of all the C'^ioirs, are invited to attend. 'i"he ^'Urpof^jo of this 
rnaetinc i'". to discuss plans oT reorganization and install nev: officers. 


II B 1 a 


Dziennik Chicag;oski , Jan. 12, 1928. 


The members of the V/omen»s Choir Halka, Group 29 of the Polish Singers* 
Alliance, are considering plans to celebrate the 20th anniversary^ of their 
organization. Among several plans proposed to the directress of the Choir, 
there is one by Colonel K. Salach, v;ho suggests that the anniversary be 
celebrated with a banquet. 

The new administration of the Choir has been just recently installed; it con- 
sists of Eugenia Pav;lov;ska, president; Victoria Haynatt, vice-president; 
V/anda M, Kiygowska, recording secretary; and Llary Koznik, financial secretary. 

The Choir invites all lovers of Polish songs and music to join this organiza- 
tion, v/hich is giving lessons every Monday evening at 8 P.Ll. at Eckhardt Park, 
Chicago Avenue and Noble Street • 

II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chicaf^oski , Jan. 12, 1928. 

All correspondence, sheet ip.usic, questions, etc, should be sent to the 
recording secretary, Wanda LI. Krygowska, 1935 './. Division Street, Chicago 


Dziennlk Chicagoski> Jan. 12, 1928. 

net;: pne chosen 

The Central administration of the Polish Singers' Alliance has adopted the 
constitution proposed at the General Assembly held in South Bend, Indiana, 
in I^y, 1926. 

For convenience and economy, the administration has included receipt forms, 
enough to last five years, in the books containing the constitution. These 
receipt forms read as follows: 

••Initiation and entrance fee to the Polish Singers Alliance 

Entrance and dues of the choir 


II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chicag03ki > Jan. 12, 1928. 


These books, strongly botind v;ith imitation leather, are small and convenient, 
fitting easily in a man*s vest or coat pocket or a vro man's purse. The price is 
fifteen cents each, ten books being the minimum order accepted. All orders 
should be sent to the general secretary. 

A new insignia has also been adopted by the Singers' illliance. It is a customr- 
made pin— -a work of art indeed. It is small and attractive-^ go Id -plated, too. 
The insignia consists of a lyre superimposed on the national colors. The price 
is only thirty-five cents per pin. Ten pins is the minimum order accepted. 
Orders should be sent to H. V/yrzynski, General Secretary, 11412 So. Park Avenue, 
Chicago, Illinois. 

II B 1 a P0LI3H 

Dziennik Chica^^oski , Jan, 7, 19;c:8« 



A Symphony Orchestra, divided into three classes, offers free instruction 
every Sunday morning, from ten to tv/elve noon, ut Kosciuszko Park Hall, in 
Avondale. Jhoever has the inclination to learn the violin, piano, or any 
other instrument is invited to corn.e any evening betv/een three and nine P. M. 
and inquire for further details at the ;Varszawskie Konsenvatorjuri Muzyczne 
(Warsaw Music Conservatory), 2738 .Vest Thomas Street; the telephone number 
is Humboldt 75S0, No one is obliged to take private lessens. 

Violin, piano, voice and theory instruction is given. 



Dzle nnnlk Z.1ednoczenla> Oct. 19, 1937. 
II B 1 a 

WPA (iLwri^UJ.iOZ/5 


The H. Modrzejewska choir, a familiar name in singing circles, is arranging its 
annual concert for Stinday October 23rd, at the A. Mickiewicz Hall. The H. 
Modrzejewska choir Is very popular among the Poles of the Bridgeport comnunity. 
This popularity is due to the many concerts and entertainments given annually, 
by this choir. 

The concert will be followed by dancing. Professor J. Kapalka and his grand 
orchestra will provide the music. 


II B la 

• Dziennik Zjednoczenia, Oct. 19, 1927. 


The choir of the Filarety is avrajiging a grand ju'bilee concert, to be held 
Nov. 27th, at the Goodman Theatre, which is located near the Art Institute 
at East Monroe St, and South Parkway* 

The rehearsals are in charge of Prof. A, M. Hess who is sincerely deipiting 
all his time and energy toward making this first concert of the Filarety 
a grand and glorious success. 

Some of the most loved and most "beautiful Polish songs will he on the 
program, November, the 27t}vwill be long remembered by all those attending 
this grand concert. Make your reservations early to avoid disappointment. 

^^ ^ ^ ^ Dziennik Zjednoczenia, Aug. 4, 1927 • 

III B 2 "* ' " X 

III B 4 /'■■/ ^^A 

I K /women DELEGL^TES to be special quests .iT POLISH CONCERT/ ^- '\iU. X ) 


Delegates to the convention of the Polish Women's Allisjice of America are invited 
to attend a concert. The Dre-convention comnittee is working together with the 
Alliance of Polish Singers. 

The Administration of the Alliance of Polish singers, in order to honor and pror.erly 
entertain the delegates to the Polish Women's Alliance Convention, who are due to 
arrive Sunday Aug. 21, have arrajiged a great concert to he given at the Polish 
Roman Catholic Union hall, which is located on Milwaui'^ee Ave. at the corner of 
Augusta Blvd. 

The Committee which is made ut) of the following singers, W. Panka, vice president, 
Eugenja-Pawlowska vice president, Mieczyslaw-Wyrzykowski general secretary, Wlad- 
L. Pietrzykowski president, are working together with the pre-convention committee 
of the Polish Women's Alliance. At the pror>er time the Delegates will be presented 
with complimentary tickets. They will be seated in a section of the concert hall 
reserved for their occupancy only. 

A great deal of publicity is desired, in order to assure large attendence. The 
Polish songs and music will be spiritually stimulating. The delegates will also 
have the ODportunity of meeting and mingling with all of the Polish socialites, 
gathered here from all parts of the United States. More details pertaining to the 
concert will be forthcoming at a later date. 


II B 1 a 
II B 2 b 

Dziennik Zj ednoczenia, July 21, 1927. A.'^ ]N 


On the 22nd day of July at 8:15 in the evening, at Pulaski Park hall, there will he 
staged a free entertainment for Polish audience staged hy Mr. K. Jasinski's school 
of music. A cast of more than thirty performers, young ladies and children who are 
the pupils of Mr. Jasinski's school, will take part in this beautiful Torogram. These 
pupils are well prepared for public t)erforrnances; many of them are en^h.^^^ in down 
town theaters. The public will have an opoortunity to j'jdge the efforts of the young 
Polish artists. 

Mr. Jasinski's School of l^sic is an institution that was badly needed by our settle- 
ment. Mr. Jasinski»s School of Music is equal to any school of music in Chicago. 
Tris can be proved by any T)erson who cares to visit the school. Mr. Jasiaski's School 
of K^sic is not a business institution for he is interested more in development of 
talent than in making money. He specializes in teaching children who are ouite often 
mistreated in schools of other nationalities. 

II B 1 a 

Dziennlk Z.jednoczenia, Dec. 28, 1926, 

' 1 


Among the various New Year's Eve affairs, which will be held on December 3l8t, is 
the St. Sylvester Dance offered by the Chopin Choir at the New Union Ballroom, 
Augusta St* and Milwaukee Ave. The Chopin Choir is one of the foremost singing 
aggregations among the Chicago Poles, and its ability to put on succesful concerts 
and social fxmctions is well known among those who frequently attend the affairs 
of the choir. 

The coming dance looms as a huge success even at this early date and one of the 
largest crowds, in the history of the choir, is expected to attend* 

II B 1 a 

WPA (ill i^^n: ^ 


Anonymous - "Polish Philharmonic Society", Chica/-:o Society News 
(Monthly), Vol. IV, No. 11, July I926, p- 60, 


The Polish Philharmonic Soci.-ty sponsors the presentation of symphonic compositions 
by Polish composers to the American musical public* 

The field of Polish symphonic literature is unusuall ^ ricii and interesting^, and thus 
v/e find that i>he concerts given by the Co-operative Symphony Orchestra, under the 
direction of Mr. !Cdraund Zygman, are engagir^the attentions of a circle of masic 

The first two concerts given by the orchestra in November 1^25 and Hay 1^^26 were an 
artistic success, and elicited much favorable criticism from professional sources. 

The Polish Philharmonic Society will give several concerts during the season of 
1926-1927, which will illustrate the modern trend of Polish composers like Rozychi, 
Karlowicz, Sz:/manowski, Paderewski, Fitelberg and others. 

II E 1 a -2- ^^I^H 

Chlca/^o 5?ocietv News , July 1926, p. 60* 

Inasmuch as this society is one of the few cultural factors of our community life, 
it deserves our unqualified support* 

II B 1 a 


Dziennik ^' nednoczeniat Vol. ^CC'/II, No. 14At June 20, 1^23* 

For tne second time this month Opera, "Halka" will appear, tae muster- 
piece of a Polish composer, ptanislaw !ioniasziCo. It will "be repeated 
with the same ensemble, that had been cast in it the previous tiue. 

"Halka*' will be played in tiie auditorium of St. Stanisla.v at llcble, the 
corner of Bradley St., beginning punctually at 8:15 P«n. 

Since this is a return showing, today's performance, "Ilalka" must turn 
out successfully. 

The follov/ing are the artists that will play the most important roles in 
this operai Miss Bol. Venczynska, \lx . Tadeusz Kempski, Mr. Bron. Rybowiak, 
Hiss Regina Przybylska, :>Ir. jiktor Szyllo, and Mr* A. Ludwig* 

II B 1 a 



.-. .^ 

^'o' '^o-\ 

Dziennlk Chlcagoskl. Feb. 16. 1922. (^'al?' 



Last night an entertainment vias given in the Sherman Park hall by the 
St# Cecilia Chorus of St.. John of Gtod^s parish^ The singers, men and women, 
enjoyed themselves till late in the evening. Their only complaint was that 
the time passed so fast, and that the **old singing gang** had to go home* 




Dziennlk Chicagoski > Jan, 30, 1922. 


The subject of organizing children's choruses in America has, for a long time 
been seriously discussed by that important organization of Polish choruses, the 
Polish Sin ers* Alliance. We did not have a man among us who would or could 
put this lofty project in operation because there seemed to be various 
obstacles in the path of its realization* But about a year ago there came to 
our city a musician, an ideal man, as it appears, ivith thorough knowledge of 
music and strong will, who v/ithout any outside help and in spite of 
many difficulties has been able to produce in the field of children's choruses 
quite important results, if we consider what conditions were among us. 

After eight months of tedious work, with the help of only a few amateur sint^ers 
of both sexes and under the guidance of the Polish Singers' Alliance for the 
State of Illinois, we i)ossess at the present time in our city five patriotic 
nationalistic children's choruses, and the number of these charming Polish 
nightingales is approaching the seven-hundred mark* Similar organizations of 


II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 


Dzleiinik Chlcagoski, Jan. 30, 1922 ♦ 

juvenile singers have been formed in other cities also, and we are justified 
in hoping that their number will grow, for the Polish community in the United 
States is becoming more and more interested in Polish folk music as it is cul- 
tivated by children's choruses. There are already evidences of a better 
understanding of this noble, purel3^ patriotic, and useful endeavor. 

A few weeks ago, in the Towm of Lake district, the first concert of the Dawn 
Chorus of children was given, and it proved to be a tremendous success. Yester- 
day, that is, on Sunday, at 3 o'clock in the afternoon, the first concert of the 
/twoT" children's choruses, Promyk (Sunbeam) and Poranek (Daybreak), was given 
in Pulaski Hall, on Noble Street, with a richly diversified program* Besides 
singing, dancing, and declamations a children's orchestra also took part, 
entertaining the audience with a few selections* 

The undersigned, who has been following closely the activities of the rapidly 
growing children's choruses, firmly believes that our Polish public v/ill con- 
tinue to show its interest in the concerts given by children and will loyally 



II B 1 a - 3 - POLISH 


Dziennik Chicagoski , Jan. 30, 1922. 

patronize them in order to hear the great /_little7singers of our city. 

To be more specific, I should like to add that candies, chocolate, and sweets 
of all kinds will be accepted with enthusiasm by our big singers if the con- 
fectioners, and lovers of song and music will deliver them for the concerts. 

Adam Smyk 



^ . 

r J 


II B 1 a 



Dgleiinlk Chlc€ig08kl> Jan. 25, 1922 


The Polish Singers* Alliance in America has organized a children's chorus in 
St. Hedwig's parish. Lessons are given regularly every Wednesday in the Hbl- 
stein Park fieldhouse from four to five o'clock in the afternoon. 

II B 1 a ► POLISH 

Dzlennlk Chicagoski , Jan* 2 5, 1922 ♦ 


The children's chorus, Morning Star Number Two Illinois District of the 
Polish Singers* Alliance of America, holds its meeting every Saturday after- 
noon at three o'clock in the hall of the Sherman Park fieldhouse at 52nd 
Street • We ask the parents kindly to send their children regularly for every 
lesson. V/e shall give a concert in Lent, and so every member of the chorus 
rawst be thoroughly prepared. Parents vdio wish to enroll their children in :.> 
the chorus may do so at any lesson. The dues are only five cents a month. .^3 

May we also remind parents to return to us any songbooks taken by their children 
from car practice hall, '^e bought these songbooks for the chorus and not for 
individuals. The monthly meeting of the chorus will take place on Monday, 
January 30, at four o'clock in the afternoon in the hall of the Sherman Park 

Long live Song I 

A. Majer, 

4819 South Bishop Street. 


II B 1 a 



Dziennik Zjednoczenia, Vol# XXV, ^o. 64, Oct. 24, 1921. 


Miss Jadwiga Czarnecka, a sympathetic singer, will participate in the 
concert conducted by Mr# J, Kovialski, a pianist. This fete will be 
concluded in the P. R. C» Vis Organization* s hall, located at Augusta 
and Mir^vaukee avenues, this coming week, Oct. 2S, at 3 P# M. This 
famous Polish songstress. Miss J, Czarnocka, is the daughter of a 
prominent Chicago lawyer, Mr. K. B. Czarnecki. Miss Czarnecka will 
sing solos consisting of various operatic and domestic airs. 

Miss Czarnecka will appear in another concert sponsored by the Halka 
Choir, Sept# 13, in Schoenhofen Hall« 


'^, 1 


D7,i enni ' : Zv;i az- . :o\'pj , Feb, l--, Ifl 



"1 .-".-▼n'"'" )fTi 

( .n.d V .^rt 1 s 6' lent ) 

A concert arran^-'cl vrith the -^-id of Tha-lieus 31eszinsl:i, :lir3ctor of 
Davis Sq^uare pari:, at 44th Street arjl Pa-.ilina, '.:I11 be ^iven at this 
park, at 5:30 P. :... The pro ;^r'a:.i -'/ill bo x^outod oj Polis'i talent as 


A^nes Ilerin^, s prano snlo; Tho/ao Crza^Ia, violin; Stanley h'rozins::! , 
aiano, and man^r others. Ch.ildren un:ler fourteen years o:^ a"-o 'lust be 
a •co:pani-;^ by adults. 

:i -^ 1 a 

.. / .. J J. Vv . . i A X - 

^jr>^'>t *"'^'' "•■fin 

?"■.-» • ■ /^" 

"^ /- - - -^ 

'«/. ^ _ - k. -/ v.- . _/ --J . 

A concert follo'ved u;* n d^inco '/iM "be ■•Ivor, by the ropiil-u:» VJrirsnv: choral 
societ^' ^^ror^-^ 1505 of t! o ?olif^'-: ::L<tionai Alli:i;ice and llirriber ::inet7-si:: 
ci the ?olich Sin-or?* ..lli'.nce. Tr.o 'if fair '.ill be held on SunJaiy, September 
■■?, 19ir. in t/e Polish l^oran Catholic Inion hall, hil;;ai;hee ;.venue -^nd 
Au^njsta Boulevard. 

Ir. addition tc tho afores-id har^a"^ Choruc and itn Goloi-ts oth^.r arcninent 
Pcliah Chora -::;C. aill t-hx nart in this riusicale. .-^.ona the:.; -re such fancus 
chcr-a ^-roirv: -^ a the TTalina '.iorion^c Ghorus, tht^ Jc heszho Brothers' Chorus, 
the i:alha ":c)ua'- j-vlies* Ciior^is, the Choain Ghorus, the Dudziarz Ghorus, the 
Polish hoi'^on's ..Hi- nee Chorus, tliC Ihiriiony Chorus, ani the Philharaonic 
Chorus • 

T^ic cor:n:ittoe for the ..arsaa Chorr:.:'3 concert and hnll is enertinr- every effort 

II ^: 1 r; 


Dzienni.: /^vi^z'xw:', 3e---t, "17, 1918. 

to r::r:e t:ie :ifr-ir a hvro cuccc::3 and Gntisfactor;' tu tlionc \;::g att:;nd» The 
concert 111 oe ^in -^'ror.^tl:; -X 7:rG o'clcc".: in the *• 


L, Lr'.i'.ov.'ic?. 




I C 

IT Dziennik Zwiazko-^ , Sept. 3, 1918. 


The Chopin Chorus Number One of the Polish Singers* Alliance gave a concert ^ 

on Sunday, September 1, 1913, commemorating the thirty years of its existence. ^ 

The concert was given before an overflowing attendance in the Polish Roman ^ 

Catholic Union's spacious hall. C 

The program was arranged as follows. The concert was opened with a brief 2 
speech by Ifr. R. J. GJoszczynski, president of the Chopin Chorus. This was ^ 
followed immediately by choral renditions of the American anthem and a Polish C:^ 
song entitled ^Z Dymem Pozarow^. The next speaker was the Reverend C. Sztuczko,^ 
pastor of Holy Trinity Church. After this the Chorus sang a typical Polish 
pastoral entitled ^Dworek Polski^ and followed immediately with an operatic 
aria, the "Anvil Chorus". A duet composed of Messrs. B. J. Zalewski, director 
of the Chorus, and W. J. Nowakowski sang the beautiful "Autumn Song" (Piesn 
Jesienna). 'Hie Chorus /^hen/" sang the "Dance of the Skeletons" (O^niec 

II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

I C 

IV Dzlennlk Zwiazkowy , Sept. 3, 1918. 

Szkieletow). Iilr. T. Serdiuk sang an aria from the well-known Polish opera 
"Halka^ . 


After a brief intermission the second half of the program began. It was 
opened by an orchestral and choral rendition of Chopin's **Faneral ll^rch**. ^ 
Jiirs. A. L. Zebrowska-Perlowska then played a violin solo entitled ^Carnival rj 
Russe," by Wieniawski. This piece was rendered with such masterly perfection -o 
that the audience insisted that the talented soloist play an encore, and she gj 
complied, playing the "Barcarole". The Chopin Chorus next was called upon to oo 
sing ^Tte Dawn of Liberty" (Swit 7/olnosci). A quartet composed of L!essrs. § 
Serdiuk, Boguszewski, Nov/akowski, and Zalewski followed with a composition 
entitled "The Lonely Rose" (Samotna Roza). In conclusion the Chopin Chorus 
sang two Polish folk songs. 

The entire program was exceptionally well executed, and the selection of 
numbers was good. Everything was satisfactory except the last folk song, which 


II B 1 a * - 3 - POLISH 

I C 

IV Dziennik Zwlazkowy , Sept. 3, 1918. 

was merely an adaptation from the Ukrainian. Polish critics of music had 
previously called the Chopin Chorus* attention to ^he fact that^ this song 
^^s foTei^^» It is felt that there was sufficient time to replace the 
Ukrainian folk song by some Polish national piece. It is almost imDOssible 
to comprehend why we Poles resort to insignificant adaptations of ^he music 
ot/ other nations. .7e have an abundance of our ovm beautiful Polish songs 
and should be proud to 'sing them before any audience and even more so before 
our own people. No insignificant adaptation can compare in beauty with our g 
original Polish songs. Zr 



This is not the only point of criticism. There still remains the patriotic 
aspects 7/e should remember, especially now, that the Ukrainians have cast 
calumnious aspersions upon our people. In return, instead of resenting their 
attitude, we sing Ukrainian adaptations at our jubilee concerts. The Ukrainians 
at the present time are our open and most confirmed enemies. They are prepared 
to exert every ounce of their energy to do us harm. Let us bear this in mind. 

II B 1 a - 4 • POTJSH 

I C 

IV Dzionnlk Zy;lazko-/yy, Sept. 3, 1918, 

Uuslc and International choral renditions should be recognized, that is tmie. 
But it imist also be remembered that during these exceptional times Qeman 
music 8Jid songs are ostracized by all the Allied nations. Whyt then, should 
we tolerate the songs of our enemies? 








Dzlennlk Zwiazkovay > Sept. 3, 1918# 


The Halka Choms held a reception for Its maoibers on Wednesday^ August 28, 1918, 
at the Eckhart Park Hall, coiamemDrating the ten years of its existence* ^ 
Pounders of the choral organization, who even today are well-known popular Ff 
members, as well as all the more recent members, were present at the banquet • <^ 
On this occasion the Halka Chorus suirprised Miss Marie Mysliwiec, president of S 
the organization and a member of the group from its very beginning* Mrs* W« 2 
Przybylska, on behalf of the Chorus presented Miss l^ysllwiec with a golden ^ 
lyre as a token of appreciation for her sincere and untiring work* Miss 
Mysliwiec thanked her choral friends, adding that it is iKDt her intention 
to work merely for high honors, but that her primary purpose is the preservation 
of Polish songs, which as a true Pole she values above all others. In the 
course of the reception Misses J. Kmiecik and W* Bandysz delivered beautiful 
declamations. This was followed by two piano solos rendered by the two 


II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 


Dziennik Zwlazlcowy t Sept. 3, 1918, 

charming and talented sisters. Misses W« Eejnal and E* Hejnal* The reception .^ 
was concluded by the singing of the Polish national anthem, •*Giod Save Poland," 5 
by the entire group • ri. 

A Jubilee concert of the Halka Chorus will be given on the 13th of October, 1918,X 
at the Polish Women* s Alliance hall. The program, according to the committee, p 
will be exceptionally frell rendered • 





II B 1 a 


Dziennik Zwlazkowy . liay 27, 1918. 





The annual concert and ball of the Philaret Liale Chorus was held yesterday 

evening at the Polish Ronan Catholic Union Hall. Before the program opened, 

F. Trawinski delivered a short address, during which a ''service flag** was 

unfurled. This flag bore fifteen stars, which meant that fifteen members of 

the Philaret Chorus had enlisted in either the /uaericem or the Polish army* 

The chorus then sang "The Star-Spangled Banner" and "Z Qymem Pozarow" ^^ith 

the smoke of the conflagration7f after which the Kipowski Brothers orchestra S^ 

played the "I^rseillaise" and a medley of Polish hymns. For itr :iext number, 

the Philaret chorus sang the "Polonaise" from the opera "Ealka," by ijoniuszko. 

The solo parts were s\ing by V/« Derlacki, L. Uajewski, T. Kempski, and B# Dom- 


Miss c5« Jozefov/icz then sane ^^^ Gallic "I^oj Cviuzvl" ^^tarry Skies/^ and an aria 

II 3 1 a 

— *5 — 



Lay 27, 1913, 

by Loniuszko. Tlie stonu of applause that follov/ed forced aor to return for 
ail encore^ 3he v;as follov/ed by the Philaret Oliorus, v;hicii offered "Piesn 
Fastuszlca" ^hepherd^s soii^, by Laclii.irji, the solo passa^e^beiiiG suiig by 
J* Slmcst, r. 3. Ijozuch then sang '.^all^s "Piesn Ludov/a*' /^Folk son/g/, and 
v/as forced to give an encore by the seeningly uiiendin^-^ applause. 

In conclusion, the Chorus sang *'Balada C rlorianie Szartn '^^Ballad of i^'lorian 
the C-ra^7, by Iloniuszko. The solo passage v;as sun.-; by j'. x^empski. 

Tiie Polish Sxxmy Band fron Gii.ip ICosciuszko at Iliasara-on-the-Lako v;a3 also to 
have taken part in the proGrun, but did not arrive at the hall on -Giine because 
it v;as delayed at the concert it v;as giving in IIa;\rthome. The band finc^lly 
arrived, however, about nidnight, but the boys ;vere ver:y tried after having 
played all day in various parts of the city. In viev; of this, they played one 
nuiiber and retired. 



— t 

It must be raentioned here that all of the Jiuiribers on the prograi.i v;ere executed 
in verj'- fine style. The Philarets sang ver:,'' v;ell, as is usual with thoia; they 

II B 1 a - 3 - POLISH 

Dzlennil: ^nlazlco 'vv;;/, L:ay 27, 1913, 

can hold their ov/n v;ith any xolish choruc* -o 

Tlie ball v;as held after the conclusion of tho concort procraia and continued p 

until late at night, ^k good tirie v;aG had by all, as is usual at Philaret ^ 
affairs. The attendance xvas rather smaller thi^ui expected, but this was probably ^ 

due to the hot weather. *" 



I G 

IV Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Lay 27, 1918. 


It was indeed a heartbreaking sight — the practically empty Polish Roman Gath- ^^^ 

olic Union Hall at the concert given by ohe first real Polish military band, [^ 

which consists of Polish soldiers who are not playing for money but for -cs 

soldiers' pay. Can this be why the hall was empty? Or is it because its o 

conductor, Wasilewski, did not appear under some hi^-h-soundin • foreign name? lo 

Or finally, is it because he does not demand a salary of $300 a week and the £o 

musicians are not paid from ^35 to 4 50 weekly? ^'^ 

It is not my intention here zo delve into the causes for the public's coolness; 
it is not the public's fault, and it is up to the press to look into those 
causes as soon as possible. The Poles here are beginning to complain quite 
loudly, and the voice of the people mus"0 of necessity be heard, or the peoples* 
generosity to the Polish cause will flag, as the empty seats at Union Ilall 
testified. Does it not hurt these boys of ours who practiced for a loiig time, 

II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

I G 

IV Dziennik Zwiazkowy , L^y 27, 1916. 

confident that Chicago Polonia would attend their concert en masse and by 
this alone encourage therpi to further effort? 

When I donated some music for the band to Conductor ;Vasilewski, he pointed 
out to me that the instruments were beneath criticism. I looked over a few 
of them and saw that they were of the cheapest conceivable make, these in- 
struments for which the monstrous sum of 800 was supposed to have been paid. 
I can only marvel that these boys are able to get any musical tones out of f 
such ''junk*^. As an authority, i can say that nearly all of the instruments ^c 
are out of tune. Under such conditions (cracked clarinets), our soldiers 
deserve great credit for havinp been able bo do what experienced musicians 
would not have been able to accomplish. 

Thanks are due to the National Department, vvhich has a^^reed t^o purchase ne\v 
instruments for the band; probably all Polonia will applaud this as a worth- 
while deed. If I .vere allowed to be a member of the committee for the purchase 
of instruments, I could, as a professional musician and conductor, be of help 


II B 1 a - 3 - POLISH 

I G 

T\l Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Lay 27, 1918. 

to the coiomittee in the selection oi* instrurrients. At the sane tiuie, I could 
save it several hundred dollars, foregoing: any possible proi*it to rayself, by 
purchasing instruments at wholesale rather than retail prices. In addition, 
I myself, or rather my music publishing firm, will provide gratis as much 
music as Conductor Vasilev/SKi requests, even if this should amount to a con- 
siderable sum. 




Leu me appeal once more to Chicago rolonia for zhe largest possible attendance ^ 
at the concerts of this first real Polish military band, for ther-e are real ;l 
soldiers, vjuo, wnen the order come;:., are ready to lay aside their instruments, 
and, rifles in hand, bury their bayonets in the breasts of our -rreatest enemies, 
the Germans, thus helping to free Poland from its a^^e-old oppressor. 

D. J. Zalewski, 
Director of Polish choral and 
orchestral groups in Chicago. 

II B 1 a 







I G 


Dziennik Zwiazkowy ^ Apr. 2, 1918. 

A concert was held yesterday in the large St. Stanislaus Kostka Hall with the 
purpose of awakening greater interest in nationalistic work. The hall v/as donated 
for the concert by the Reverend Pastor Dembinski. 

The foremost artists of our local Poloma participated in the musical and vocal ^J 

portions of the program; namely, Mrs. Harriet Smulski, Mrs., ^ 

and Mrs. Julius Smietanka. The eminent musician and conductor, Andrew Kwasigroch, -- 

president of the Polish Organists* Association, appeared with his St. Stanislaus ^ 

Kostka Parish Choir, famous for its numerous public appearances. Thus, the ^ 

musical and vocal portions of the program were pleasing to all. The concert "^ 
was closed with the singing of the Polish and American national antherns. 

The patriotic portion of the program was presented by T. M. Helinski, president 
of the Polish National Committee and member of the Military Commission, and 
Dr. B. Klarkowski, chief physician for the Polish Roman Catholic Union. 

II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

III B 2 

III H Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Apr, 2, 1918. 
I G 

IV Supplementing each other, they presented a good picture of the Polish 
cause as it now stands and of the need for strengthening the Polish Army. 

As a result, a number of women volunteered to sell tags and to agitate for the 
Polish Army. The large audience left the hall v/ith feelings of elation, grate- 
ful to the speakers for their words of advice and encouragement, and to the 
artists and choir for their splendid singing. Despite the feet that it was 
Easter Monday and that the voters were preoccupied with tomorrow's elections, 
the evening was a great success. 

Father Dembinski deserves thanks for donating the parish hall for this concert. 


II D 10 

III II Dzie:inik Zv/iazkov/y , i'eb. 25, 1918. 
I G 


Yesterday evening a concert v;as held at the polish '..'omen^s Alliance Ilall, 

the proceeds of r.-hich v;ill be donated half to the Polish :.rmy in France, ^ 

and half to the Polish ornhans in Si'/itzorland. Tlie public c^ve its v;hole~ '^ 

hearted support, filling the hall to capacity. The concert v/as successful ^ 

in ever\' respect, ^,Z 

Before the propraii bec^n, Aichael ?erlov;sl:i, one of t'le organizers of the g 

Polish Anay, introduced to the audience ohe nev; recruitinr officer for 

Recruiting Center II, Alexander '.olsAi, v/ho thanl-ied the public for its 
generous support of so great a cause as that of the Polish Array, 

The program of the concert began v;ith an octet fron Halka Choir singing 
"ITie Star- Spangled Banner" and "Jeszcze Polska ITie Z'^inela" (Poland is 
Hot Yet Lost ) • 




II B 1 a - ^ - FOLISK 

II D 10 

III H Dziennil: Zv;iazkovr/ , Feb. :-35, 1918. 

I a 

IV" iJrs, A, Zsbrowski-PerlDv/ski charmed everyone v/ith her iineciualled 

JjlolinJ' playing. The applause v/as vmceasin,^,', and Lrs. Zebrov/ski- 
Perlov/ski v;as forced to return to the sta^e for a nuiibor of encores. It 
seemed as if the audience .;ould never be satisfied. 

Lrs. Harriet Smulski entertained vrith sonns. Her sueet voice carried her '5 

listeners av;ay into unlcnovm lands, so that v/henever she stopped sinrinc ^ 

the audience av/oke as if from a trainee, -md v.lth thunderous applause ;- 

refused to allov; I'rs. Smulski to leave the sta^e. "J^. 

ethers v/ho aided in makinc the prorram a success v;ere J. ■:. Chapek and 
Dr. 3. Chapek, uho played a ITvorrik trio v/ith I.-rs. Perlov/ski so v;ell that 
the audience forced them to return for an encore, liecognition is also due 
I'rs. A. TI. Chapek and L:rs. ::. .Sr^.ietanka, pianists, v/hose acccmpanLment did 
much to make possible the successful appearances of :ts. lerlowski and 
Lrs. Smulski. 


II 5 1 a - 5 - POLISH 

II D 10 

III H Dziennlk Zv;iazkovy , l^^eb, ".5, 1918. 

T ^ 

X vjr 

lY During the intemission, Jud^re :i. Jarecki delivered an address 

in v;hich he ur-ed everyone to buy './nr Savincts and thus 
help the United States v;in the v;:;r. If the Allies v/in the v/ar, it is 
also a victory for us, for only then can a free, independent, and united 
Poland arise. Several younr; v;o!.ion passed throuch the audience selling 
Stcamps . 

Before conclusion of the program, P.ecruitinc Officer A. "Volski and Organizer "-; 
i:. Perlo'vski took up a collection for the benefit of the Polish /.my. Ihe 
concert v;as concluded as the audience sane to Ars. Zebrov;ski-Perlov/ski*s 
acconpaninent . 

Pleasant nenories of this unequalled concert vdll long remain ^.vith those 
v/ho heard it. 





Dziennlk Zwlazkowy^ Oct. 11, 1917* 


Kaes Jk.sJ/ 

TSie Philaret Uale Choinis has given the highest proof of Its willingness to 
sacrifice personal ambition and personal gains* As is well known to everyone, 
the fall concert of this chorus was to have been given next Sunday at the 
St* Stanislaus Eostka Hall* All preparations had already been made—the hall 
was hired, the programs printed-* in a word, the Chorus was prepared to cele- 
brate the tenth anniversary of its existence in proper style* 

And the concert would have been given as scheduled— if a matter of a hundifedfold 
greater importance had not arisen to cross the plans made by the chorus* A 
telegram from the great artist, Paderewskl, arrived yesterday* Paderewskl had 
composed, in honor of the recognition of free Poland by the nations of the 
world and the arrival in America of the delegation from German-occupied Poland, 
a hymn entitled ^Tjmn Wolne j Polski*» /The Free Poland Eyna^ which he requested 

II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 


Dziennlk Zwlazkowy^ Oct. 11, 1917» 

be sung at Sunday* s manifestation, to the accompaniment of a large orchestra 
under his own direction* He would be assisted by T. Wronski, artist of the 
Boston Opera* 

The officers of the Chorus had to make a choice—to accept the invitation and 
to postpone their own concert or to refuse the invitation and proceed with 
the concert as scheduled^ The opinion of the musical advisory board favored 
the former and, despite the expenses that had been incurred in preparing for 
the concert, it was decided to postpone it* 

This act was really the height of civic sacrifice 6uid we shall permit our^ 
selves to doubt whether ajay other group would be equal to a sacrifice of this 
kind* When the telegram arrived, we rather expected that the Fhilarets would 
accept the invitation and so we were, to a certain extent, prepared for their 
decision* As a matter of fact, the honor of being the first to sing *'Hymn 
WolneJ Polski,** a hymn that will undoubtedly be a national prayer in the 
future, both among the Poles in America and in the homeland, is a great one. 

II B 1 a - 3 - POLISH 


Dziennlk Zwlazkowy . Oct. 11, 1917. 

and we can be proud that it falls to the Fhil6u:*ets, who have always and evexy- 
where been among the first to offer their services for the Polish cause* 

TtiB members of the Philaret Hale Chorus, who might accept with some disap- 
pointment this decision made by their officers emd musical board, ought to 
be broadminded and understanding over the fact that it was made without 
asking the approval of the Chorus as a whole, for the decision had to be made 
immediately, since Paderewski was awaiting a reply, and it was Impossible to 
wait until Ft*iday, at which time the Chorus would meeto 

As far as we know, Wronski will arrive in Chicago with the music on Friday, 
€md thus the Chorus will hold its regular rehearsal at St« Stanislaus Hall 
on that day« On Saturday, a rehearsal will be held under the personal direc- 
tion of Paderewski, while on Sunday a rehearsal will be held with the orchestra 
consisting of outstanding musicians. 

It would be wonderful if the Philaret Chorus could appear in such force as in 

II B 1 a - 4 - POLISH 


Dzlonnilc afiazkowy. Oct, 11, 1917, 


the meanorabla concert held in Rivervlew Park iihere, with some eighty voices ^ 
it outsang a number of other choruses • The first rendition of "Hymn tfolntj 
POlski** ought to be done with a force and power comparable to that which is 
spreading the ne;s of Poland* s rebirth* It should echo and re-echo through- 
out the entire length and breadth of the United States, and carry on across 
the ocean to our oppressed homeland ^ Poland , which has outstretched its arms 
to us and is crying^ **freedoml** ^ 


II B 1 a 
II B 2 a 

II D 10 Dzicnnik ^/iazkov/y , Lar. 7, 1917. 

III B 2 

IV GUi:GL:i.HT ii: to;;:, cf l.u:1j 




Last ounday evenin-; the J. Slo'jacl:i Library and Goirjiune 39 of the Polish 
National iJ.liance arranged a concert at J. Slov;ac!:i*3 hall, the proceeds of 
\7hich are to bo turned over to Polish relief. Despite the severe cold, a coodly ^, 
cro7/d assei.ibled. 




;j*ter a short speech by Lr. D. Ilojnacki, ^resic'ert of the library, the follo;;inG 
nror:rLU:i v;as be-^un: The first niLMbor v;as /a musical selection/ by the orchestra oi 
of the Union of Polish Lusicians, under the direction of Lr. B. J. IJlalevjski. 
The united choirs Lutnia, Philonen, Druzyna, Vistula, and Lyre san^ the'^Kujavjiak'* 
(Polish rejional dance) "Od IKvoru do Divoru" (Frorx Ilanor to Llanor). The little 
nichtiusale of Tov/n of Lake, I.liss Harriet Drzev/iecki, san^;, the v?altz "iVrditi" 
as a soprano solo with piano and violin acconpaninent. .;ith lier beautiful and 
Dleasant voice the soloist coinletely charmed the audience and v;as forced hy 
the storm of applause to sin;; an encore. The Lutnia Bincin:: Society sang, under 
the direction of Lr. B. 2ialev;ski, an excerpt fron the opera "Duch ./ojewody" 

II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

II B 2 a 

II D 10 Dzienni:: ^7lazl:ovrs Lar. 7, 1917. 

III B 2 

IV (The Yoivode's Spirit). The solo parts v.-ere sun;-; hj H. Lliller, 

llr. I. '.Jutkoivski, I'.r. Z. Urbanov/icz, and r.isn Drzev/iecki. The orchestra, 
conducted bj Lr. Zalev/ski, played an overture. The Philoinen Llalo Chorus sang 
J. Galla's ^,/iosna" (Sprinf^) under the direction of Lr. B. Zalev/ski. To con- ;^ 
elude the first part of the pror^rarn, the Druzyna Choir san^ ''./iazanlca Ilelodji -[g 
Llarodox'/ych" (Lledley of ITational Llelodios) , by _:ju:3one .ralkici/ioz. -t^ 


After a short inter.iission the orchestra ber^an the second part of the prO:'];raii, ^ 
v/hich vms follov;ed by a piano solo by I.'iss LI. Szyroanski. Llr. B. J. .^alewski, o 
baritone, san;; several coi\io riuiibers to the deli^-^ht of the audience. Tlie :,, 

Vistula Choir, under the direction of L.r. ^. Pilisio\;icz, sang IIoskOTvski^s [p 

"'./edrovrny (^rajek^' (The j'anderinf: Llinstrel) , in v;hic!i i:iss Helen Jurkowski. san{^ cii* 
the solo parts. Lliss I. Drzev:iecki, soprano, and Llr. B. J. ^ale\/ski, baritone 
sang a duet 'vith piano acconpaninent. The Lyre Choir, under tlie direction of 
Llr. J. J. Jakaitis, san.- "Ten Las" (This Forest). In conclusion the united choirs, 
as at the bor^innin:^, s-irir^ a polonaise by jjukov/ski under the direction of L^r. 
B. J. Jalev/ski. ^xbout t'./o hundred -ooodIo took -nart in the nuiibers by the United 

II B 1 a - 3 - I^0LI3I! 

II 3 E a 

II D 10 Dzi6}:::i:: Zv;iaz::o;:7 , L'lr. 7, 1917. 

IV choirs, .ill the nui-bors c-uio out o?:r;entionall7 'Tell and the -udionce ^ 

ar>t)lauded no onthuGia::tic.-ill7 that all tlie rahibo-s, hoth solo and choral, ^ 

had to be G.ncorod. p 

It should be added tha-t , throu*:: t'lo efforts of Lr. 3. J. Jalev/shi , the orchestra, S 
conposed of rienbors of the Polish husici' ns Union, -ave their services c^atis, 2 
for v;hich thev deserve reco^aition. Lr. Peter ^uczynshi, oa^ner o^ a piano store ^^ 
at 5048 Jouth .^shlaad .vveaue, sent over a piano, also c^atis, for the occasion. 
Jinallv, Lr. I), liojnachi, chairnan of the coiu.ittee, announced that a police 
permit"' -./as not obtained for the raffling off oC tlie objects left over fro;;: the 
bazaar, and that the raffle v/ould tahe place ne'ct Sunday, l.:arch 11, at 3lo;;acl:i*s 
hall. ..d.:iission v;ill be free. The raffle v;ill becin at Z ?.!:• All those having 
raffle tichets should be present. 




Dzlennik Zwlazkov/y, Feb. 19, 1917. 


Yesterday the ICJalina (Guelder-rose) Women's Choir gave a very successful concert 
at the Polish Roman Catholic Union Building. The hall was packed. 

The concert was opened by the orchestra, under Mr. E. Krotochwila's direction, 
which played an overture. The Kalina Choir, under the direction of Mr. F. 
Kondziorski, sang "Beloved Land'* vilth orchestral accompaniment. The Philaret 
Choir, under the direction of I&. B. i^bov/iak, sang "Pastuszek" (The Little 
Shepherd), by Narnyslowski, and "Goral" (The Moiintaineer) , by Lluencheimer. The 
solo parts were sung very well by Llr. Thaddeus Kenipski, well-known baritone. 
V/e have already heard some very successful performances by the Philaret Choir, 
but yesterday's performance exceeded the audience's expectations, and it 
rewarded the choir with a storm of applause lasting several minutes. Follovang 
the Philarets, the following choirs api3eared in the order naified: Halka Women's 



II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 


Dzlennik Zv;iazkowy > Feb. 19, 1917 • 

Choir, under the direction of Vx. B. Kujawski; the Ignace Paderewski Choir, 
under the direction of Llr. F. Kondziorski, v;hich sang Gburski^s ^Wieczoma 
Cisza" (Twilight Calm); and the Jutrzenka (Dawn) V/oinen*s Choir, under the 
direction of lir. R. Kensel. Then LIrs. F. Czaja and IJrs. Kose Porazinski, 
members of the Kalina Choir, sang the duet "Blogie Y/spomnienia^ (Happy IJemories), 
by V/alkiewicz, after v;hich our famous singer LIrs. Rose Kwasigroch sang ^•Sny 
Kilosci" (Dreams of Love), by ICratzer, as a soprano solo with orchestral 

l!rs. Kwasigroch, as usual, charmed the audience with her singing, as a result of l^ 
which the hall shook from the applause. The 3. Dembinski Choir of South S 
Chicago, under the direction of L:r. Bork, sang '♦Do Piesni'* (To Song), by -^ 
B. Dembinski. This was follovjed by a duet by lurs. R. Kwasigroch, soprano, 
and IHt. F. Kondziorski, baritone, singing compositions of "Perly Piesni" 
(Pearls of Song) with orchestral accompaniment. The Chopin Choir No. 1. of 
the Polish Singers* Alliance sang "Hold Chopinowi" (Tribute to Chopin), by 

II B 1 a - 3 - POLISH 


Dzlennlk Zwiazkowy , Feb, 19, 1917* 

Chopin-Lluencheimer, with orchestral accompaniment directed by Ivlr. F. Kondziorski 
To conclude the procram the Ilalka, ICalina, and Chopin choirs sang ♦'Do Piesni 
Polskiej" (To Polish Song), with orchestral acconipeiniment directed by Ilr. 
Kondziorski • 

There was social dancing at the conclusion of this excellent and lengthy 
program. The polonaise, in which some two hundred couples participated, was led 
by IcT. F, Kondziorski with I!rs. R. K7;asi/;*roch, follov/ed by Mr. Kwasigroch with 
LIrs. Kondziorski. 

It should be added that all the numbers on the program came out unusually well, 
and the audience did not stint applause. LIrs. Kwasigroch was handed a beautiful 
bouquet of roses. 


<^ » 




Dziennik Zwi>^i2kov;v , Jan. 29, 1917. 


Yer^terday aftemcon the long-announced contest for prizes arranged by the ener- 
getic Duuziarz Choir Nunibar 91 of the Polish Singers* Alliance took place at 
J. P. ICrechniak*s hall, .,'est Huron and Noble Streets. The concert was given in ^ 
the evening \7ith the participation of iiiany of the local choirs and the excellent J 
vocalist Mrs* Rose Kwasigroch. The contest was opened by a short address by Mr. -r^ 
S. RzevAiski, one of the founders of the choir, v/ho invited the presidents of the p 
contesting choirs on the sta^e to dra.v lots to decide the order in miioh the 
choirs were to sing. He also annovmced that there v;ere four prizes. 

Mr. Z. Galinski, president of the De Reszke Brothers Choir, /;as fortunate in 
drawing the first number. The choir was applauded enthusiastically after singing 
a lovely tune under the direction of LIr. Z^. Filisiewicz. 

The Dembinski Choir Number 2 of the Polish Singers' Alliance was scheduled to 
sing the second number, but since its members did not arrive on time, this number 
xvas left for the end. 


II B 1 a - 2 - POLIfJE 


Dziannik Zv/iazko^vy , Jan. 29, 1917 • 

Next in order were the following choirs: Kurpinski Choir, directed by Llr. 
P. Horek, :vhich sang '^To the Spirits of the Prophets," by D. Debinski; Lira 
Choir, of PulLnan, diractau by J. Jakajtis, which san^ "Tlie Day Has Passed," 
by Jakajtis; Harmonia Choir, directed by A. Holland, v;hich sang "In the Silent 
Night," by B. Rybov;iak; New Life Singing Society, directed by B. Zalewski, which % 
sang "The Sailors' Song," by Zlelensl:i; Polish .."omon's .Uliance Choir, directed J^ 
by R, Hensel, which san/_: "Beyond the Niemen"; Varsovians* Choir Nunber 96 of the ^^ 
Polish 5in/?ers' Alliance, which sane: "To the Cottages," by M. Zukov/ski; and the -^ 
Philonen Choir of Tov/n of Lake, directed by B. Zalewski, uhich sang "^brest ':2 
Violet," by J. Galla. 

At the end it v;as found that all the members of the Dembinski Choir had not 
arrived yet, so the choir v/as oliniinated from the contest. 

The contest ended shortly after 5 P.I.I. with a recess for dinner, v;hich gave the 
judges the opportunity to decide on the distribution of the prizes. At 6:oO P.AI. 
the comuittee headed by Mr. S. Rzevmski announced the decision reached b3^ the 
judges, v;ho v;ere Mrs. Rose Kwasigroch, Mr. H. Schule, Nieiaiec, and Z. Perlowski. 

II B 1 a - 3 - POLISH 


Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Jan. 29, 1917. 

The first prize was awarded to the New Life Singing Society, which won 247 
points. The prize consisted of a picture of a lyre inlaid with a beautiful 
collection of real butterflies, composed of seventy different varieties, and 
totaling more than eight hundred butterflies. The value, for one v/ho likes 
this sort of thing, v;ould exceed a hundred dollars. The second prize, a silver 
cup donated by St. Innocents' Parish, was awarded to the Kurpinski Choir of ^ 
St. Casimir's Parish, which won 246 points. The third prize, a silver medal ^ 
depicting a lyre, a gift of Commune 75 of the Polish National Alliance in St. p 
Innocent's Parish, was awarded to the Varsovians* Choir Number 96 of the Polish ^ 
Singers' Alliance, v^ich won 225 points. The fourth prize, a gold medal set on 
ribbons in the national colors (red and white), v/as awarded to the Philomen 
Man's Choir of Ibwn of Lake, v;hich won 212 points. The remaining choirs won cd 
the follov/ing points; Harmonia Choir, 200 points; Polish //omen's Alliance Choir, 
183 points; De Reszke Brothers C/ioir, 176 points; Lira Choir, 165. 

Following this, the concert, consisting of fifteen numbers, ^as begun. Mrs. 
Rose Kwasigroch, our v;ell-known vocalist, took prirt in the concert • In spite of 
the damp weather, Ivirs. Kwasigroch was in good voice, and when she finished singing 



II D 1 a - 4 - POLISH 


Dsiennik '.wiazkowy , Jan. 29, 1917. 

J. Galla's ''\Ihen The Stars Shina," op. 30, No. 1, the hhill shook froLi the 
applause, and the audience forced our star to sin^ an encore. 

Among the choral numbers the following; deserve special mention: llev; Life Sink- 
ing Society, for ;7agner*s "3onp. of the Giants"; Ilurpinski Choir, for its ex- ^ 
cellent rendition of Czubski's ''Jagello's Prayer," in which LIr. Szlajchert sang g 
the bass solo; Dudziarz Choir, for "Before the Storm," in which the solo parts ^^ 
were excellently^* sung by R. Kwasigroch, soprano, and Josephine V/achowiak, alto. P 

The concert was followed by social dancin-; to Mr. Hensel's orchestra. A feiv g 

score couples joined the Polonaise, which v/as led hy L. Panel:, president of ^^ 

Commune 75 of the Polish National Alliance, and Mrs. Kv/asigroch. The dancing ^ 

continued far into the night. S 

II B 1 a 


ITarod Pol ski . May 19, 1"15, 

sii:g:::g cckteoT 

Our societies in Chicago have received an announcement from the headquarters 
of the Polisli Koman-Catholic Union, urcin^: them to take an active part in an 
international sinking contest which will take place on June 13th. The net 
profits are to ^^o for the cause or the v/ar victims in Poland. The imploring 
hands of the oppressed Fatherland, roinz at the present tine throu-^h an un- 
he-^.rd of experience ar.onr civilized nations, like hands in misfortune, are 
stretching in our direction* The lamentation of our poor mother reaches us 
with the breath of the oceanic v/ind and fills us with its terror from head 
to foot* She criesl She is grievinr over the djsstruction of her children, 
over the mass murders which are heing perpetrated by satraps in the present 
international warl 

V/hich one of us does not understand accurately this war, so terrible in its 
effects? The whole v/orld is looking with ai.azement and aversion upon this 
slaughter, but without council or willingness, does not care to get mixed 

up to end these bloody conflicts. It looks, therefore, long, drawn out war, 

» II E 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

Narod Polski > May 19, 1915. 

where, without question, the Polish nation will be raost harmed. And these 
harms will be irreparable, financially it will run into millions which will 
never be recompensed. For this reason we must act, the more so because we 
are free to act* 

For this reason the '^Cor Filaretow,** (Filaret Choir) , resolved to collect 
funds on a large scale and transmit such to our suffering countrymen suffer- 
ing from horrors of war. These funds can be acquired by staging an interna- 
tional singing contest, which will take place on June 13 at Riverview Park. 
Eighteen nationalities living in Chicago and surrounding territory will 
participtate. Because of this we expect that immense crowd of Poles in 
America and Americans. 

All the Polish organizations in our city are cooperating with the Filaret 
Choir. The officers of all these organizations have resolved to restrain 
their groups from giving any picnics or other forms of entertainment on 
this day, and v/e, on our part, once more renew our plea and plead that not 


* II B 1 a . 3 . POJISE 

Na3X)d Pol3ki > x^iay 19, 1915. 

one brother, or sister of the Polish Roman* catholic Union should be missing 
and that we all should participate. 

The officers of the Union ask that the members buy as many tickets as possible. 


II 3 1 a 


Dziemiik Zwiazkovjy , Feb* 1, 1915. 


The Philaret Choir, universally knovrn and adnired by lovers of -nusic, 
has '*7on the first prize at the F-an-Slavic concert. The Philaret Choir 
competed against the best Slavic choral groups v/hich participated in this 
contest, on Sunday, January 31, 1915 ♦ 



Dziennik Zwiazkov/y , Jan, 30, 1915. 


The famous Polish choir New Life, under the direction of Ilr. B» J. Zalewski, 
lias for the past several weeks worked with redoubled energy/ to prepare for 
a concert to be given on the last Saturday of the carnival, that is, on 
February 13, 1915. The New Life choir gained renov.Ti in Chicago and vicinity 
during the last international contest, held on July 4, 1914, at Ilorth Chicago, 
in which irjore than t'.-enty choral groups participated. At this exposition the 
first prize, a silver cup, v.-a:^. given to the ::ew Life choir. Inspired by the 
appreciation of non-Polish people and by the av.-ard, the ITev; Life choir will 
give a concert of the best type. Its prograi.i will consist of croations of the 
best composers, such as i7agner and Verdi, and raany other corapositions tliat have 
as yet never been sung at Polish perforLiances in Chicago. 

The v/hole concert program will be given under the auspices of the New Life choir. 
One of the Liost beautiful nuiabers of the concert, a composition from one of 
Verdi* s operas, v;ill be sung by Lime. D. Ilryiiiewiecki, the popular and excellent 



II B 1 a « 2 - POLISH 


Dziennlk Zwiazkov/y , Jan* 30, 1915. 

soprano, with the choir supplying the acconpaninent. The solo parts of the 
prograni vriLll be rendered by :.Ir# D, IlriTiiewiecki and LIr* L* Uyssatycki. 



— J 

II 3 1 a 

Dziennik Zv;iazkov/y > Dec. 21^ 1914 

III B 2 
II B 3 

III i: 

I G 


In t:ie presence of hundreds of ralcons and chests a vocal and 

g^Tinastic exliibition v;as held yesterday at the tolish .^OLien's .aiiance 

buildinc, sponsored by the Sv/iatkiev/icz Group of the .dliance of Polish 

Falcons • 

The Talcons acain displayed the prof:ress of their v/ork and proved unques- 
tionably that they lead all the other Polish eni^^re*s and tliat vjhatever 
they undertake they brin^^ to a successful conclusion. 

Yesterday's exhibition v/as one niore proof that the Falcons willingly under- 
take work and v/ill be excelled by none in carry inc it out. -^very number 
on the varied T)rop;ran v;as a success. 

The Falcon's band opened the exercises v/ith the inarch 'Toland Rises." 

II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

III 3 2 

II B 3 Dziennik Zv/lazkov.y , Dec. 21, 1914. 


I G ^.fter Llr. Plucinski^s speocli, the ladies choir of St. Hedv/ig 

17 sang !.]allok*s "Ilovcnbcr oonr;," "Larch of the I'alcons," and the 

sonc ";aoft." 

S'StoT the Bajorek brothers* acrobatic stunts, editor II. lokanski spoke. 
He enphasized the gravity of the tiroes and the difference between us — v/ho 
are acquainted v;ith the .i^uropean .;ar iTierely through being told about it — 
and those across the sea v;ho are sheddin.;; their blood on the battlefields. 

Then, I.Iiss Gordon gave a recitation. Tliis was follov;ed by a selection from 
the Bohenian Girl played hy the Falcon band. 

The exercises of the children v;ere received v/ith enthusiasn beyond descrip- 
tion. Then I.h?. 3artl:Dv;iak of Lilv/aukee sang. If Llr. 3artlo"i:iak did not 
already have an established reputation in Chicago, yesterday he undoubtedly 
gained recognition as an excellent tenor from his several hundred listeners. 


II B 1 a - 3 - POLISH 

III 3 2 

II 3 3 DziQiinik Zwiazkovvy , Dec. 21, 1914. 

I G ''To arns! To Anisl" and ''Lord, Father," sung by Bartkovlak, 

IV v/ere numbers which the listeners no doubt v/ill recall :;ith 

-Ifter the playing of "Iledly of Polish Tunes" by the Falcon band, the ladies 
choir of St. Hcdv:ic*s sane "^Tlie L^rk," v;ith Cecelia Olon and Ursula 
Jankorjski, sincinc the excellent solo parts. "Grajek" vjas siong as an encore. 

Hiss NovTakov;ski's recitation v.-as no less successful. Tlie acrobatic stunts 
of the professional v/ozniak brothers follov;cd and added nuch variety to the 

Tlie pleasant soprano voice of l.Iiss Cecelia Glon found an excellent nedium of 
expression in Ilalleck's "Flo'.;ers" and in "./reath," v/hich liiss Glon vras 
forced by the audience to sin:: as an encore. 

1-lr. Kruszka, baritone, sane ^ nur:iber. lie is one of those talented singers 

Wpji h] 


II 3 1 a 

III 3 li 

II 3 3 


I G 


. 4 . 

Dz 1 ennik :v:ia zkov.y , Dec. 21, 1914. 


for ;.lion an excellent career is predicted. LIr. Ki^iszka always 
sinr,s well, but yesterday in the ''Coss'^.ck" he surj^assed even him- 
self, and the audience v/ith its enthusiastic applause forced hira 
to sing "They Say Tliat I .\n Luclcy." 

The last nuiabor on the procrarii a speech by Reverend Casiciir Sztuczko, 
rector of Holy Trinity Parish. He spoke briefly but spoke as only a really 
patriotic Polish priest can speak. Iiaving greeted those present and having 
thanlced all those v/ho took part in the exercises in the name of the Falcons 
of Holy^ Trinity Parish, Reverend Sztuczko passed on to present-day matters. 

"It is alvrrc's fitting for us," said the Polish priest, "to mention our 
homeland, our mother rising; frem her lethargy, our Poland xvho is v;aiting 
for our help. 

"Over there in the homeland, butcheri'- and murders arc taking place. Our 
dying brothers are covering v/ith their corpses the battlefields on i7hich 

II 3 1 a - b - POUoT' 

III "^ " 

-_> .--» 

II 3 5 Dziermilc -[^viazko^T t ^oc. -"a, 1914o 


I G nations are firhtinc for cjupreLiacy in Jurope. 'rhercforc, today, 
17 on this occasion, I cannot avoid iientioninr that T;e are sinning 

gravely against the horaeland. Iiave ■.•:e alv.-^jrs reneinbered it — our 
homeland? Have :ve not sinned by for^^ettin;; our nothcr, Poland? Yes I .*e 
have sinned and ^.-e continue to sin* 'r. ere still arc Polish faiiiilies 
in vjhich you '.all not even hear Poland nentioned. Their national conscience 
does not tell them that "God is repulsed b^^ tho.:e v;ho are ashamed of their 
riDthor.'* Poland is our nothcr, '.aion all of us should love and serve because 
it is our duty. 

"And hov; many are there amonr the oninres v/ho have Poland only on their lips? 
Pe plead uselessly for an i:idependent country," ended the priest-patriot, "if 
our hearts do not sincerely vjant a free loland* xTierefore today v/hen ^''ou 
sin^ "our ccuntr;>^ and liberty, dei^^i to restore to us, Lord," sinj: not 
only v/ith your lips, but sin:: -.dth your hearts, that v:e plead for her liberty!" 

„^t:;r a short address by I. jr. J". 3. PcVbicIii, president of Circuit II of the ><: 

r o 

II 3 1 a - 6 - F0LI3E 

III B 2 

II 3 3 Dziennik Zu-iazI:ovy > Doc. 21, 1914. 


I G :a.liance of Polish Falcons, everyone joined in the nin^inc of '^God 

IV Save ioland." A prayer flov;cd out of the breasts of hundreds of 
young peoT)le — the sincere plea repeated for iitin;^'' years: "our coun- 
try and liberty, aei<-n 'to restore to us, Lord." ..nd tears v/ellod up in 
the eyes of the youn,^ people and slowly coursed doi.n the clieeks of those 
future defenders of Poland* 


II D 10 

IV Dzlennik Zwiazkowy , Dec* 14, 1914« 


Composer V/ieniawski was on the stage at the Roman Catholic Union hall yester- 
day. You do not believe it? Yesterday V/ieniawski was among us in spirit if 
not in person. This spirit which created "Memories of Moscow" shown forth in 
unusual triumph in the rare performance of the violinist Antoinette Zebrowski, 
whom we heard yesterday for the first time since her return from Europe. 
Zebrowski 's technique and understanding, coupled with her expression of depth 
of feeling, in playing "ICrasny Sarafan" — the melody of which is sad in spots, 
and interwoven with the sounds of pain and nostalgia — places Zebrowski un- 
questionably in the ranks of the world's best violinists. Yesterday with her 
talent and technique she carried "ICrasny Sarafan" to great heights and made a 
lasting impression on the minds of the listeners. As a result an unusual thing cJJ 
happened at the concert of the Students' Aid society: the listeners, carried 
away by the exceptionally fine performance, burst into such wild applause that 
they forced the violinist, who was tired after playing two numbers, to play an 


II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

II D 10 

IV Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Dec. 14, 19 14, 

I^s. Harriet Smulski whose voice has a rare sweetness, brought out the soft 
emotional quality of her solo, ^Jelcome the Knights" from the opera "Huguenots'' 
by Meyerberg, Smulski's interpretation of the aria from the "Huguenots" 
possessed the characteristic mood of the singer* s unusual individuality* 
Smulski is justly considered in the circle of musical savants the best soprano 
among the Poles in America, 

The audience received Miss Smulski, Lliss Dobek, and lir. Joseph Dumanov/ski en- 
thusiastically vAien the trio sang Owen's "Ave Liaria^. 

The little nightingale of Holy Trinity's men's choir was fifteen-year-old 
Miss Panek. The reputation of Holy Trinity's choir under the baton of Director lo 
li&illek is already established — established and earned — but yesterday with the ^ 
participation of Rosalie Panek, who sang the solo part of ''The Night V/eeps", ^ 
it gained much. It is not surprising that the little nightingale held the 
attention of the audience and won its enthusiastic applause. 

The lyric qualities of I^Iiss Dombek's voice found Rutkowski's "V^^y" and in 


II B 1 a - 3 - POLISH 

II D 10 

IV Dzlennik Zwiazkov/y , Dec. 14, 1914* 

Verdi's "Don Fatale" excellent media for expressing their charm# 

llr« Duiaanowstn. gallantly held his ground in Verdi's "La Donna E Mobile", regard- 
less of the difficult conrpetition of the excellent perfom^rs who took part ^ 
in yesterday's program. He sang very well, Noskoxfski's "^The Lark Sings" • ^ 

The audience applauded "The Ifeirch of the Polish National Alliance", which was C 

sung by the Koly Trinity Choir, with such enthusiasm that the Choir was com- 3 

pelled to offer as an encore "The Work Song", with ISr. Ludwik as bass soloist • 2 

The concert as a vftiole was very successful. The concert coi^mittee should be t:3 

congratulated for the selection of such excellent performers • Although none of ^ 
our concerts this season have lacked good talent, yesterday's concert gathered 
together the best performers which the Poles have. 

B 1 


i\ 1 1 > 


J::ienni:: ,iViiazk:ovr'/, l 

V/ O « _L ' 


^ t 


> Vw 

-/ ^. «. ^ • J 

The tv;o concerts Iven yesterday, one by, ..-^les _ erin,' * and tlie otlier b^r 
t:ie Ghopin Choi.- ure t-it:- boot iroication tliat the ioles ci Chlca o have no 
reason to ooLiolain or a lad: or e::c3:.]ent rtistic t:ilent aiion-:* tiieir nurr:bers» 
Our artists can coi;ipete ii. every ro^::.oct ;.ita Lhe :jt-:.rL; or other a.-..bionalitie3 
.iG have no causo to corn;lain« 


here is not tho oli ditect doubt that . ra,. .v"ae:.; .' or.i.:."'3 concert -aa the 

1 h ; i'ull :ioaoO v.x' :aie v/urd. : ae 

Chopii: 'Jl'oir oorcert v/ere aucceaseo ia 

auuieiice at both concert;:: l^rt zh^ :.alls v;ell a .ti^fied aith Lho execution 

of the aro'-^ 

y.oii a fev. . ords ribout e:ich oi' the concerts. 

-t 'rs, '■erin:^*s concert ' rj. ''eria ^ at irroa, sut; .ortaa bv hrs. aoLibek and 

1 ■: 

- t; J. 




"1 • 11/1 

J::o V-jQltoci v;it 

':i:3:.> :^« I>r:iiev:icz« '^:':io J... do*; or ..oiir^'* 

'-iosibiorio, ;;9re eAcellontl;' r:;'d ^^y i^:^ 

liuch reolln * -.nil so '.;r^ll ex;;re.;:, . . ol.o -.chii. ' :cobl 

frorri ^:i3 ii^L:.:l:Gr oJ others ..:io too-: :;jrt in i :i(^ concert. ]xc3lient uictic'n, 


._> .1.' 

io'.oa out ■leciciodl" 

Gnilll'Til o:.n:h:i3is on 3 .eci±'ic -hr 303 

i . . L 'J 

tne three ])h'.'.3eo in '^^!i;-;ov; oi* -i .on"," '-i--co ioo B, .r/.Ae\Jicz .j-ion" rirot- 
rnte elocutionist;.;, dhe oocond-be.-t. ..u j.c.:* on Lh.e vroTir. I'ro:^ Lhe 3t'ind ,oint 
Ox eriOr::u.nce v/:i3 ^uccinz'.s aiet droii *''. ••n^j.. dutterriv, *• bo -utirully :::un^' by 
-Ts. --r*ne3 ^ erii '* .nd d-irriet dor-beh. 

**L_i :.eren-;ta/' ''die ie/' *' j^ioro," • Vi.jsi i' .rte," ronii^o oon • dro^: 



3oiintos3," 'd.i.idon • na 'd;t"erriy,'* ..n:: tdie -jncc^ro, 'd. .^irl hivo^ i* Iho 
Yill .'o/^ 3^:cri- l:.y r::. erir'*, r-jceivoi ^leserved roco^nition, ..:: iljo did 
the 'd/'^-ni ilcnb^^ -nd ^':]venin:: I3 ''i-n/' sun* by esd^r.^eo cni:; ■ .nd joxbek 

•fcnd do33ro. :lov/.;ils':i unci derin^^. dneir romiition ledt nothin,: to be .ej-.rcjd. 







Cne 01' the very succeGSii.l o^rts Ox' t.i'.: ^)ro -vxa ;.mo ,ienia\v3::i*3 "J a -^end" 
and ". .azi;rc::'^ (goIo) r;l:;yed cy Oo!iGt-.i;Ce :,i'e]:Zy i viciii.-i-;t v;ho is v/ell 
knovm to che i:ole3 oi' Jaic; -o. "^iio yi. no jolo by i::::' Cecelia ille::, 
^'rolonaise, Opus "ine/^ also deserves huiior-.bie :..ani:i()ii. 

.. decorative note v/a:^ added to zho aro ^r^u-i by lOliGh, .^cotch, .nd do/_cnish 
national dances. 

lov; a fev; v;ord3 about ohe ..ccoia' uiiaiont. ". is:; ;;i 'dv^lene ] ■^ssir.n nl-\yed the 
accoripanirients as only a pijniat of 'ion "osrian's -^Oiaure could be exaectsd 
to alay tnen. T>ie ai.ccesa oi' Ia..t niaitV: concert should, no uoubt, be 
ascribed in ji lar^'e r.oasura to .aer a illj'nl .ceo: :iy..i:irriOnt.. 



Chonin Choir Concert 

The moat i:'.:ort-'.nt rouDS particij.'itin- in yeaterd a/'a concert a-ere Chopin 



O- y-- 



'■^ -t: •"' 


t. 1::, V.\^. 

\\o\v ro» 1 Ox' tho J.ii-iiice of lulijh .in-er.:;, the luaies' ?hoir ■ .Ika, 
::r3. L<03G -Ci'/usirTOcL, tl.e ^ll-^rot ::}:oi2^, inX ; i.;s ..-^ .d::. i^aiibor, violinist, 
•lio.i u-'h -ill o: bhc ot:.or ^)OOT)io t-..::in ■ rt i.: '\\^ concert uid their 

Tiie conc'-T^t v;-i3 h -^rout ..>uccoss in every r-^joct. ' rs, {ose iteisi.-roch cane: 
very v;g11 the 0O4.OS ''ly jlower'' \y- ''r:3.^el -iid "C ncc I Ja^7'' by .jT'tzer. 

:r. L. ..ys:^utyc^vi, uiio i:3 seoiiiii" f..v 


:i tenor, v^mg aurer uf nimjolf 


yesterday i.. the ::ri''. rroii 

niu3S!:o*s **-'-mnLcd :-'.nor'' than at hie o-:n con- 

The choir mr^be -s ulso c-irie out very ^.eii, Tl^e Ohoy:in Choir orened the con- 
cert ':ith "Jariollo^s Irvyer," Ji'^ ir thi:^ -./us u ca^e o2 :::;3siny :in exuMina- 
tion over -^ year's ^.orh, ' 'o '::u^:t a^iit tn-t the c}:oir ;.-'3sed it 3iicce:^si*v:lly. 

..vinon^^ the cnoir^j the ^'il':ret Ghoir unaor oho b..iton 01' i rofeGsor ~>ybov;iak and 

II B 1 





jxr7, Ocz. i:., Ijl4. 

the I^ ot^r, Tic-ilka, -uiu liurri^ ^i-^ choiro .*:^ve ulie be^t ,:ei*fon:ances» 

Tiie ..'arGTiV/ Choir's nuibex* w;:.^ i.he vroa^rost. 
its rGT)ut.--itlon oOr;i3v;h:.t, 

o\.ever luo 

-i -h :^ 

encore niuiber SL^ved 

.unon- the solo niu;iber3 one ..lUjt ..lontion 1 iss ..olurie Ja/lru's beautiful piano 
Dlayin-: and the solos of hiss '..•• Jyinbor, v;}:o acconpanieci br hiss ' icdzwiecha 
played ".Souvenir de P'.te'* by Leon*;rd '.rid '' )i:nk:- jid" by .rons^ri. 
These nuiibers v:on :ii-ch ap..lause# 

Yesterday's concert left very pleasant rrieriories, l.r ely ov;in : to fact that 
one sav; alnost all of the choirs aao sin In • societies on the 3ti-:e una the 
fact that all '..ere conuotin^* with eacli otiier to disiuay the /.^-reatast uro^-ress 
made durinc; the year. 

The concert v;as follov;ed by a very ..:ay ball and the sinaers turned to dancin,^ 
in spite of the ;rc.vity of taose tines. 

II B 1 a 
II 3 1 c (2) 
II 3 2 f 
II D 1 
I A 3 


Dziennik Zv/iazko-Ay , Cct, 25, 1913, 


A concert for the benefit of the needy students of the Polish Ilaticnal 
Alliance Colle^^e v;ill be arranred by the lolish Civic Club tonorrov;, October 
26, at uhe Polish .Vonen's Alliance hall, 1309 i:. Ashland Ave, I'any noted 
talents v/ill participate. Prof-rain; 

1. Polish I'elodies, by '.Vronski - Orchestr-a 

2. Good ITight, Ceorkov/ski - Choir of Dereszke 

3. Piano solo: A Polonaise A. nii.or, Chopin, 
b. Concert Etude, L'cDowell - Miss A. Peterson. 

4. Philomena Choir: a. Hyrji of Tight, Beethoven, 
b. I'ountains of IIor;'/ay, H* Kieczul. 

5. Trio: a. Serenade, A. Till, b. Romance from L'Eclair, Ilalvey, 
song by Kts. H. Erumlik; violin, Mrs. A. Scrjuidt; flute, Professor 
Hugo Brumlik. 

6. Soprano Solo, Aria from opera Halka, Koniuszko - Trs. S. Hr^niiewiecki* 

7. Luce, Gall - mixed choir ''Lutnia.'* 
8* Tenor solo. Aria from the opera Haunted Palace, Moniuszko - 

song by L. '/Jyszatycki 


POT ^3'^ 


1 *5 r/ 'O' •'^' 



9. Violin solo: a. Lerend, ' ienia'.:ski, b. ?-rcarolc, I. Godard - 

!.:i3s i:. rjrenz. 

10. Duet, C. ::. Gabussi - by L.isG J. Drzeviecl::: (.lopr-no) -nd 
B, J. "aleski (baritone) 

11. ThG cirls' choir '^Lorninr Ctar'^ - vill ^i—' the T^lorer Girl 
of rioronce, Canpar.i. 

At inidni~ht the f'-nous Iclish dance, the hlue :.:a7ur, "ill be danced by 

eirht pairs of dancers. 

^^ ^ ^ Q Dziennik ZwiazkoxTy , May 2, 1913, 


All who attended the concert at St. Stanisla^us hall, Wednesday, mus 
admit that its oerformance, especially the 4th act of the opera "Kalka, " 
despite many obstacles, net with success beyond all expectations. 

The program was as follows: 

1 - "March of Polish Singers" - B. I^^bowiak, orchestra. 

2 - Cantate - Parish choirs under the direction of B. Hybowiak. 

3 - Tenor sclo - (a) "Soldiers Son^;^," (b) "Moonlight" by W. Pifielski. 

4 - Choir Filar eci - "The Anvil" by Gounod. 

5 - Piano solo - "Awakening of the Lion" by A, Kontski, played by W. Pifielski. 

6 - Soprano solo - "Homeo and Juliet" by Gounod, Mne. Bambenek. 

7 - "Rineral March" (recitation) - K. Wachtel and Pifielski. 

8 - Overture from the opera "Ha].k?i" - Moniuszko. 

9 - 4th act of the opera "Halka, " BUng by Jozefowicz, Rybowiak, Galinski, 
Kemp ski, Michalska and Szilo. 

All artists were very well prepared. The choirs and soloists gave an excellent 
account of themselves. The entire performance was greatly appreciated by the 
unusually large and enthusiastic audience. 

II B 1 a Dziennlk Zwiazko\7y> March 1, 1S13* ;,v. T;'^' ) ; v .^ . r. 


On Siinday March 2nd, at 8 P*M» at Walshes hall, a concert will be given by two 

well known, yoiing and talented Polish violinists. Miss K, Krenz and Mr. T. Witz, 

with the assistance of other musical talent. 

The program has been well arranged: Part I Violin Solo - Witz, (a) On Top of 
the Alps - by L. Andre, (b) Menuet by J. Hayden, (c) The Legend, by H, Vfieniawski, 
(d) Souvenir by F. Drdla. 

Violin solo: - Krenz, (a) Open Johny by Niewiadomski, (b) Cone back by Gall. 

Soprano solo: - Mrs. J. Smulski, (a) Andante by Mendelsohn, (b) Lieber Preund 
by Kreisler. Violin solo: - Witz, (a) The Shepherd's Drean by Labicki, (b) Ave 
Maria by Bach. 

Part II. Violin duet - Krenz and Witz, (a) Duet Concerto by Beriotel, (b) A 
Lovely Ni^t. Soprano solo: - J. Smulski, (a) Romance fndaluza by De Sarasate, 
(b) Serenade by Drdla. Violin solo: - Witz, (a) Violet jy Andre, (b) Gavotte 
by Bach. Miss A* Rose, ax:companist. 

II B 1 a 
II B 1 c (1) 


Dziennlk Zwiazkowy . Oct, 23, 1912, 



The Stanislaus Moniuszko choir and Dramatic club is sponsoring a dance 
and choir singing on October 27, 1912, at Klacela Hall, 19th and Leavitt 

The committee has arranged a splendid and very interesting program for this 

The Moniuszko choir and Dramatic club deserves the support of the Poles 
of Chicago and vicinity, therefore we assume that the'hall will be crowded 
to capacity. 


II B 1 a 

III B 2 
I K 

I A 1 d 

II B ^ b Dziennik Z-.viazkovr^ , .uf:. 30, 1912. 

Go:;CJ2T c? pola Ci!iJc:io./iG.: 

A splendid concert will be held 3epte:nber otli, 1912, ;t 7:30 ?.'... at 
dcrioenhofen Hall. :/.any prominent and talented artists of Ghica.Q;o v;ill 
participate in that concert. The dau^^hter of .x. Jinon J. Czechov/icz, 
Secretary "xenerLa of the :"olish h:Atio:i 1 ..Hi aice, .-:is3 rola Czechov/icz, 
a yconc talented pianist, v;ill mahe hor debut. 

Tliis concert is arran{::ed by th3 ./onen's Division of the Polish II^:tional 
-JLliance, and th^3 proceeds -^re to be turned over to the Polish ;>:ational 
.-illiance Golle.::e fund, at Cai.ibrid-^e Jprinr^s, _ ennsylvania. 

Even thou/^h i:iss Tola Czechov;icz is very youn::, she 5)hov;s very r:uch 
promise in r.usical qualifications _ind tilent, v;hich ./ill put her ai'.ong 
the leaders of the .::^'ny Polish Ghica';o ^rtists. 

Lliss Pola Czechor/icz, is a pupil of 3r. -oma ..yc::olhov7Shi« 


2 - POLISIi 

Dziennik -Aviazkovry , .^ur. 50, 191*^. ♦ 

'The Droi^rarr. of the evenin.-r v;ill consist of various selections. 

Beside ..iss - ola Czechov/icz ma.iy other prominent rolish Chica/^o artists 
will appear on this splen-iii pro-]:raTi. 

kiss Jadv/i.^a 3nulska, ./ho is r.ncvm throughout the United otates a:.;ong 
the ^'olish eleneiit as the "Chica';^o I^i^'htin^ale" \;ill ^lake her appearance 
at this concert, ..nd v;ill render a ooautiful lolish Song. 

-another artist of Chic-in*o, v;ho is v;6ll knovoi, iss .iugust^mov;icz, v;ill 
play the piano. 

Liss Constance Krenz, v/lio has just returned fron a successful stage tour 
of the iCuro .-ean countries, v/ill ip.ake h-^r first appearance since her re- 
turn. 3he vjill*r)iav the violin and v;ill surely hold the audience soell- 


f~: _ ■ - r^T T — T- t , 1 

Dzienalk uvlaz^^rov.y , --U^. o->, 1212. 

I^ny choirs oi the lolish orr;anizciti -^iis of Chici'^o -./ill coribine to Ginc 
a fev; J-olish foil: 30'i:3S* 

Ilnov/in:: that the ^ur'oose of this concert in for tho benefit o: the Polish 
national .alliance Collec:':^ -it Garihricl'^e Jprin^s, i onnsylvania, vie, 
that our i olish element vrill sup •)ort such a boautiful jro^^raT":, anl that 
the public as a v;hole v;lll a3oe::ble oa this OYDaia^* at ochoenhofen Ilall 
to hear some ,';:ood r.usic and sin^iny. 

Tliis is our belief. 

II B 1 a 


Dziennik Zwiazko^yy . Aug. 12, 1912. 


Last Sunday, the Helen Lodrzejev/ski Choir and Drainatic Society, held its 
annual concert and dance at ;».dajTi Lickievvicz hall, 3310 So. i^.orran Street. 

The arrangenent coirmiittee deserves much credit for riaking this beautiful 
and artistic concert a success. Hoivever, we regret to find it necessary 
to mention that the Poles of this district do not display enough interest 
in the songs of their native country. 

After the opening nunber, Paderev/ski * s "I.linuet,'* under the direction of 

J. Jokajtys, the concert was brilliantly under way. i^'J'^h o^i 

\ ^: .. 'c- / 
LConiuszko's Krakov^iak was next on the program, and ;vas sung by the Helen "^ "" 

Modrzejev/ski choir. An outburst of aTjplause tren greeted the Filaret 

choir. This outburst of enthusiasm v/as not unmerited, and v;on the song 

'*Zaby'' by Kortabinski, directed by J. Jokajtys. 

O. \ •» 

- 2 - POLISH 

Dzlennik Zwiazkowy , Au^. 12, 1912 • 

Because of another engagement, the Filaret choir was nvicessitated to sing 
"Hulaly," during the first part of the program instead of the second, as 
was previously planned. r.:r» V/iszatycki, a member of the choir appeared as 
soloist in the operatic aria from Janka, he v;as very warmly applauded. 

Next on the program was the Wanda choir vvho sang Piesn Polska, (A Polish 
Song) under the direction of J. Jokajtys. 7/ell deserved applause was given 
the Krako7;iak and Krakowianek choir, directed by Professor J. Rybowiak. 

The next number on the program was a soprano solo by Ivliss E* Ckon, v^'ho sang 
^Jeszcze Raz" (Once l:ore) very beautifully. She was accompanied by IJiss 
W. Czeslav/ski. The Dembinski choir follov/ed v;ith Co Piesn (Each Song), 
and was also directed by Professor J. Jokajty&« -^ duet by L'iss 1. Okon and 
Mrs. T. Dzv/onkiewicz was next heard. 

In conclusion, the choirs united in the song, ^Duch V/ojewody" (The Spirit \^./'^"'z^ 
of the Chieftain), under the direction of Professor J. Rybowiak. The 
audience remained after the concert to enjoy the dance which continued to 

• » I . 

- 3 - POLISH 

Dziennik ^v/iazkov/y , Au^. 12, 1912. 

the early hours of the morning. Poles should, hcv/ever, take more interest 
in these beautiful concerts v;hich are conducted in the Polish languare, 
and prove to other nations that Poles are abreast of the times in culture. 

11 ': \ 1 Dziennlk Zwlazkomr ^ May 2L, 1912. '^C'J: 

/polish gipx .;ins gold WDiqJ 

of ::u^:ie, Cit :..ilv ulree ..v-. .. Poll h 'irl, ::ic-- :Jo^:t::i:iee 'jf'enz, the 
ciaujhter of c. ::--ic? y.t^ve "r-o -rl^tvC' -.t ■;-:^;e -.Jid 'loble St. 
\;ao av;arded a :;ol«- ...eaal. Cn ■jid:^ a ro-ond •cntojt -.ill bo /.-Id, 
Tlie -.inner vill be z^v-^ri i, dia on^: .:c-.r "•_, •:^^:' • t tb^ t'^rranation cf 
tbis Gchocl-year v:ill be enrolled a;: ■ .oloict. •. ith Tboa^a:.^ areb(.£t:-a 
at the aaditoria:., v:e -::to:ic ^ ba, at;- '..:..b ;/■ ler success. 


II B 1 a 

Dziennik Zwiazkowy> Apr. 29, 1912 


On Monday Arril 29th, an unusual rehearsal will be given hy the Chopin CJXoir No.l, 

of the Polish Singing Societies, in Walsh's Hall at 8: o'clock. It is the duty 

of every Chor»inist to attend, with the intention of joining the society in the 
near future. 

The following singln^r rehearsal will take place Thursday 2nd day of May in Walsh's 
Hallt Division and Cleaver St. Thof^e wishing to exDand this sym-ohony choir, should 
come and hear it sing, and in all Drobahility will join. 

II D 3 

IV Dziennik Zwiazko^^ , Dec, 12, 1911. 


Last Sunday two very good concerts were given on the northwest side of the 
city* The first was held at the St. Stanislaus Kostka Hall, corner of Noble 
and Bradley Streets, for the benefit of the Sisters of Nazareth Hospital. 
The following program was very well performed: /Translator's note: The com- 
plete program is listed^ 

lArs. L. Dyniewicz was chairman. The board of directors is composed of the 
following: Mrs. P. F. A. Pirnat, president; l!rs. F. Laibe, vice-president; 
Mrs. Ksycka, secretary; Mrs. V/esterschulte, treasurer. The committee was com- 
posed of: Mrs. Jadwiga Smulska, George Mueller, Julius Quasser, J. B. Zielinski, 
Jadwiga Fritsch. 

The other concert, arranged by Mr. B. Rybowiak, was given at the Chopin Con- 
servatory. The large audience rewarded the performers of the following program 

II B 1 a 
II D 3 

- 2 - 

D zlennik Zwlazkowy, Dec. 12, 1911. 

with tlmnderous applause: translator's note: The complete program is 




Dziennik Z^viazkowy , Nov. 24, 1911. 


Last evening, at Walsh's Hall, a Polish band conducted by Francis Przybylski, 
a musician well known in Chicago, gave a concert. The performance was an 
excellent one, and it is a pity that more people did not come to hear it. 
The members of the Polish band are fine artists, and can compete with the 
musicians of such bands as that of Kryl and others. We expect to hear them 
more often. The entire performance, ^s we have said^/ was excellent, but 
the best nvonber of the program was F. Suppe's ''Li^ht Cavalry''. Unusual 
talent was displayed by the soloists 

The Chopin Choir, under the direction of Mr. B. Rybowiak, and the Halka 
Ladies Choir, under the baton of Mr. B. J. Zalev/ski, sang very well. The 
concert was followed by dancing. 

The following notable program was performed at yesterday's concert. 

II B 1 a 

II D 5 Dziomiik- Zwiazkowy , Nov. 24, 1911 




Concert to aid the acsdJ p vi p 

A magnificent concert for the benefit of the St. Joseph Home for Aged F^p-lr^ will 
be given at St. Stanislaus hall on December .3, at 8 P.M. 

Prograjn: Opening numbers by.Thonas' Orchestra., B. Hybov/iak, conductor/ March 
by Rybowiak, Overture by Ros-ini. Sineeches by H. E. Bisho-o and P. Rhode. Boys* 
Church Orchestra. Solo: The Fifer by iliewiaaomski, St)ringtime by Cad^-an, sung 
by J. Smulski, soprano. Violin solo: Serenade by Tchaikowsky* Capricio. Valse 
by Wieniawski, relayed by 0. Hrus .. Solo: aria from the or>era Q;ueen of Sheeba, 
by Goxinod^sung by L. Luther, basso. Sextet Lucia di Lammermoor by Donizetti, 
simg by Rose Kwasigroch, so"orano; Helena Devlin, alto; Carol Rouse, baritone; 
B.S. RybowiaJic, I tenor; A. Sev?:al, II tenor; and L. Luther, basso; under the 
direction of H. Devries, witli orchestra acconDaniment . Orchestra: War. signals 
by Wronski. Solo: Venzano Valse by Vensani, sung by R. Kwasigroch, soprano. 
Harp 95I0 by G. Smith. Chorin Quartet: Springtir-e by L;burski; The Dance of the 
Skeletons by Studzinski, sin^^ers: B . Rybowiak, I tenor; T. Kempski, II tenor; 
S. Smoczynski, I basso; V/, Szillo, II Basso, ajid orchestra accomraniment. 



Dziennik ZwiazkO'A'y . Nov. 6, 1911. 


The Halka Choir, under the direction of 5. J. Zalev/ski, gave a concert last 
night at Schoenhofen^s Hall. The concert was a success; the program, rich 
and varied, was well-chosen. ^Translator's note: I have omitted the details 
of the program^/ 

The general impression was the usual one. Our concerts have already 
established a certain routine. Yesterday another deficiency was added — the 
unfortunate behavior of the audience. During the choir and solo numbers, 
the audience kept up a steady flow of conversation. Miss Osmansk's piano 
solo simply could not be heard. The same v;as true of the lovely duet executed 
by the Misses Kempski. V/hen the Filareci Choir, with its customary elan, 
performed its special numbers, it could not be heard. 

As to the rendition, the public has its set opinion already about Chicago 
choirs and their singing. The Halka Ladies Choir has improved considerably 

II b 1 a - 2 - FCL13H 


Dziennik Zv/iazkovTy , L'cv. 6, 1911. 

under its nev; director; both of its nuribers yesterday drev; enthusiastic 

As for the soloists, Iv'.iss V/itt, if she v/ill i^ccept our friendly advice, 
should always sing mezzo-soprano, a compass v;ithin v/hich she sings very 

Last night *s concert was follov;ed by dancing, vjhich continued until long 
past midnight. Despite the tremendous crov/ding, which must have caused 
considerable damage to the ladies' 7;hite slippers, everyone sincerely 
enioved himself, and conducted hi: self r)roT)erlv. 

f f 

11 B 1 a 
j7 Dziennik Zwlazkoxry. Fet. 11, 1911. 


The first unit of the Polish Singers' Alliance will give a concert on Sunday Feb. 

12 at 4 p.m. Stanczyk' s hall, located at 205 E, 115th St. Mrs. Agnes Nering, 
the distinguished singer, was invited and will charm the audience with her 
artistic voice. Mr. Jan Kowalski, a well-known Polish pianist will be her 
acconrpainist. The anticipated concert has created much enthusiasm among the 
South Chicago Poles. Not only the members of the Alliance but also local choirs 
will participate. Many prominent Poles will attend. 


III B 2 

III A Dzlennik Zwiazkowy , Nov. 19, 1910. 

Ill H 


Every member of the Polish oingers* Alliance has undoubtedly had the misfor- 
tune to meet people who, for lack of something better to do, occupy their time 
by discussing matters concerning the Polish Singers* Alliance. These are usu- 
ally people who do not belong to the organizatiop,, and are not acquainted with 
it, or members of the Alliance who are its friends in name only. •::>ometimes 
these are simple folk, but again they Liay be people who are supposed to stand 
at the head of our Polish settlements. These people express various opinions 
on the Polish Singers* Alliance. .Most frequently one hears the following g 
opinion: "I can see no reason for the existence of the Polish Singers* .illi- ^ 
ance. The ialcons and the Military Alliance are different; they can be useful 
in the event of some important action and they should be supported. But the 
Singers? There is little use for them." These and similar statements can of- 
ten be heard from people from v/hom we expect to hear something quite different. 

The singers Alliance is at a loss to understaid the attitude taken by these 



II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

III B 2 

III A Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Nov. 19, 1910. 

Ill H 

people. 'Hhe Polish Singers' Alliance is an organization whose aim is 
to develop €md cultivate the singing of national songs among the Poles in Amer- 
ica, to acquaint the Poles, as well as the .American public, with the creations 
of former and present Polish composers, and to maintain through the medium of ^ 
songs the feeling of the age-old Polish love of the motherland in the Polish- ^ 
/imericans. .ji organization of that type, according to certain people, has no p 
reason for existence, rjut are these not highly ideal aims? .ire they not 
worthy of the strongest support? V/ith what did our fathers start ever^^ work, ^ 
if not with a song? Was it not v/ith a song on their lips that our knights left 
for war? v;as not song the teacher of our children, and does it not hold the 
same position now? Did not "!2ios*a condemned to Siberia look to songs for en- 5i 
couragement and hope? Is it not a song that brings to the mind of every emi- 
grant Pole scenes of fields covered with golden wheat and silvery rye? Moreover, 
do not our people place such great leaders as Chopin and r.aniuazko on the list 
of their great sons — sons whom they love and revere? ^\re not these geniuses 
of song worthy of our preserving the songs which they loved so dearly? 



II B 1 a - 3 - POLISH 

III B 2 

III A Dziennik llwiazkowy , Nov. 19, 1910. 

Ill H 

.ire not the Polish songs with which the:' have spread the glory of 
Poland throughout the universe to be saved now and remembered forever? None 
of ^ou, gentleiTien, will ansv;er these questions in the negative because, after 
all, it is impossible to answer them negatively. The Polish Singers* .alliance 
has tasks and aims which are deseiving of the strongest support everywhere, t? 
and especially here in America. If, then, someone cannot understand the reason .-^ 
for the existence of this organization, if he does not wish, or does not know 
how, to find a reason for its existence, he should laake an effort to become 



more closely acquainted with the organization. Let him stand in our ranks, g 
let him gaze upon the thousands of our Polish children who are losing their !— 
national identity, let him look closely at the enthusiasm that envelops the ^ 
audience when our groups at the numerous commemorative exercises intone songs 
of glory and hope; and then he will admit that the organization has a reason 
for existence. Instead of criticizing us he will begin to work with us. I'here 
is a great deal of work to be done which is not less important or easier than 
that of the Polish ialcons or the Polish :ilitary Alliances. 


II li 1 a - 4 - POLISH 

III B 2 
III A Dziennik Zwlazkowy , Nov. 19, 1910. 

Ill H 

To menbers of the Polish Singers ♦ Alliance the voices of such vain 
and unreasonable people should never be the cause for discouragement but, on 
the contrary, should give impetus to further enduring v;ork« rhis .alliance , 
in spite of its tvjenty years of existence, is still like a chickling that needs 
v/arrath, care, and assistance. V/e are not as yet sufficiently strong to take '^ 
care of the enoriious amount of work awaiting us, but we understand that it is ^ 
our duty to perform this task* Let us, therefore, endeavor to strengthen the L 
organization. Let us not ne,^,lect even our most insignificant obligations. Let ^ 
us not postpone their perfor.nance to some future time because the sooner we £ 
complete our work, the sooner v/ill those v/ho come after us fulfill their obli- Lc 
gations. By our efforts their v;ork will be made easier and, at the same time, ti 
the day of I'ejuvenation of the Alliance will be brought closer. ^ 

The first circuit of the Polish Singers' ^U.lianca, v/hich has its headquarters 
in Chicago, and which during the past administration met v/ith numerous obstacles 
which hindered its proper development and v/ere partially responsible for its 


II B 1 a - 5 - POLISH 

III B 2 

III A Dziennik Zwiazko;vy , Nov. 19, 1910. 

Ill H 

financial deficit, became revitalized after the Baltimore convention 
of the organization. Todav, as far as v;e knov/, this circuit leads all others 
in every respect. The election of new people to administer the circuit was i^ 
primarily responsible for this change of conditions. The present administra- ^ 
tive staff of the first circuit of the Polish Singers* ;j,liance is composed F 
of people who have rolled up their sleeves and dived enthusiastically into work. -- 
The results of this work are proof that the forner contention, tliat it was im- '^ 
possible to create a strong circuit with headquarters in Chicago, was based upon 
very weak foundations. Regular free concerts and other recreations contribute 
greatly to the development of this particular circuit. These come after each 
regular monthly meeting and are sponsored and conducted by the circuit adminis- 
tration. The idea of conducting social meetings of that type is very commend- 
able and is worthy of imitation by other circuits. It is certain that their 
local organizations would meet ivith proportionate success. 


II 3 1 a 

II B 1 a (Bohemian) 

Leituva, Tov. 18, 1910. 


/POLISH 3ccil:ti::^s aivs conc^:rt7 

A Polish concert will be given in the Davis Square ^-^all, in To'/m of Lake, 
Friday, Novenber 16. Two ciioruses will sin^:^ and several soloists xvill sing 
and play violins. Ijverybody can go to this concert free. Similar concerts 
xvill be repeated several times. T;\ro Lithuanian songs v/ill be sung December 
30. These concerts are presented by T:-;o Polish singing societies: 
Towarzystv;o Spiewoxv Imienia Paderewskiego, and Druzyna. The musical part 
is filled by the Czech singers* society Volnost. 


II B 2 d (1) 

III B 2 Dziennik ^wiazkovvy , Nov. o, 1910. 



Svery Thursday's edition of the Polish newspaper Dziennik Zwiazkowy is a semi- 
official organ of the Polish Singers' Alliance. (That organization is joined 
in an inseparable union v;ith the Polish National Alliance, ) In each of these 
editions there can be found a separate singers' section, written by the capable 
editor of the Polish Sin^^ers' Alliance, !^r. Joseph Szwarce. This newspaper g 
wishes to call the attention of all of its readers to this previously mentioned ^ 
sing-ers* section. It recommends that every Pole read dili.^ently the informa- g 
tion pertinent to the life and development of our choral <:p:oup and the educational oi 
articles on the Polish national songs. 

All great nations hold their national songs in high esteem. Songs precede 
history. People be-^in to sing of great events in t>he life of their nation 
before writing or describing them. Poetry has its origin in songs, and from 


II B 1 a - ? - F0:.I33T 

II 3 2 a (1) 

III B 2 Dzienniv :v;la::kov:7 , :;ov. ?, 19lJ, 


::>oetry coros hiotory. I'brtunate, i.ivileed, are those nations jhich can 
point -vith "oride to ^:re:it ^oet^ -md nirr-^rs in their early history, as, for 
era^.ple, the :>re3k3 ^.o their Th^-^or. Jon^s of such narrators beco -.e the nation's 
priceless asset x:q fortune — a reil te:::'^ie o nati.nal spirit, an eternal, ^ 

livin-^ source of love for t/.e homeland, and an ins oirati oi to £;;re:it deeds* 5 

.i'ith the Toeress of civilization and uhe develo^rient o:' national conscious- -ci 

ness, t';ere develops also th - educational novvsr of national sonrs. Ihe culti- r" 

vat in- of this nost noble of fine arts soreads f ro : the rather snail j-^roiTO -o 

of the chosen to the e tire nass of r-eo^^le. hu::'.erous chsirs are forr.jed in cd 

varicus cities and tov/ns, and these V\ ti e .eco"ie iinjted in novjerful orpani- l^^ 

zations, in lar -e allianc-s,' ani after so ^e ti.e they arrive at a ^oint where S 

nearly the entire nation sin-s of the "lory an^ he^irtaches of its :notherland, 
in the same \':ay tb nt the 'hole nation sin\s the -lory of ^-od in the tennles 
and nlac^s itself ';nder :'is care. 

Nothin'< is .^.ore T)roner tban the elevntio: o*^' choral sirr-in~ to th^ ii-nit^^ of 
a national institution, .n.fter all, it is not a plaything; it is intended to 



II' B 1 a - :^ - roLi3i: 

II 3 2 d (1) 

III )1 2 Dzieiini '-c :v;i i zkov^y , ov, 3, 1910. 

fulfill the artistic needs of innunerablo iaiividULils, but it is a service 
rendered to a nation in a ':reat and ^••a7ni"'.'icent st:'lo. '"a v;::o oin.-^s for the 
^lory of his people serves tlieii in a tv;ofold lanner: he elevates tlie listeners 
to ideal heights and at the saj^ie ti:^e he ennobles and oerf-^cts himself and 
t-us enrich-^s the n-ition v/itl: one ::ior3 ^/aluable individual. 


Let our Polish peo:^le therefore ^ather to our national clioruses as t'.G7 leather 

to the Falconry, to the lailitary alliance, and to everv other national service. 

iSnroll in the choirs nov; exi.-.tin", create nev ones in nlaces v;he:"e there are H 

none, rio ri'lit-thin'vinr; Pole .vill be-rud'-e either the ti:ae or the Money used 

for this mirooso. It is a beautiful exoression of service ;;hich '.vill reoay f^: 

its contributors a hundredfoli. C:i 

The cofubining of the Polish 3in,':;ers' Alliance ;:it]i the Polish ITational Alliance 
v/as an act of greater sincerit:' an; better jud^ient. Jorh delicated to national 
causes should be concentrated, not divi-ied and dispersed into snail sections. 
Cnlv in unity can there be stren -th, onl;- in a u;reat cr-anization can vTork be 

II ':1a - 4 - PCLI-:H 

II B 2 d (1) 

III o 2 Dziennj]: ;:\via%kov/y , i:ov. .', 1910. 


done — v;ori: "hich ioes not .:urden individuals and is vet irr^ortant in its 
results. 0ns :erson alono, or a hundred, or a thousand, or even ten thousand, 
cannot acco:.i-3lish anythin-r Kreat. Today it ouli seen triat onlv rnillions of 
neoole could venture to acconr-ilish im;oortant tl;in"s, and, v;here they are 
lacking, hundreds of thour^ands — people sbriviny tov^ard one joal, iriarchin?: in 
one directi.n. Jvery partition of neoole into various ca:ips not only weakens 
them but also destroys tl:e best efiorts of those individuals v;ho •. ork a ^reat 
deal and accomplish -reat deeds. If a hundred thousand people i^ull in one 
direction and fifty thousand ir: another, the national v/:.'-on ..ill in f-ict inove, g 
but on '^ ..'ith the strength of fifty thousand people, the renaiader havia^ 




been balanced y the opposite '^ull. g 

In the liven of .-^lerican Poles, organized :",r a natio.ial cause in the Polish 
National .Uliance, the singers already occv-y a rather ->roTiinent position. 
True, they do not a-'^-oroach the Falcons in nuinbers, but it is up to ther. not to 
remain too far back of the others. It is only necessary to understand the 

II " 1 a - 5 - ■'011311 

II :. ■:; d (1) 

TII '.• 2 Oziennik- >naz]:o--y , 'To v. 7, lUO. 


obligation of co-o^e.-ative .ork ana the di nity of th'^ir position, and 
ev8r;rthin;- 'nil be -veil. It in ennenti'jl to unlerntand that even for the 
inrers, their r:reatest tas'x today, boGiden j.evelo^in" theii* art, is or- 


rranizin-: the roles and p-atberin'* our v>eo')le under our native ban-;er. Let ^ 

evervone -"or ■ in behalf of his .vLliance: let the Falcons r^ull to themselvoo, ^ 

the Gin^;ers to themselves, the nilitar;' ^rouys to themselves, and all to- p 

nether si'iultaneously to the onlv national an! ->ol tical or-7anizatiori of ^ 

Pole-^ in .^^nerica, the I'olish "lational .illiance. Only by ivor/cin': in that § 

m-inner is it possible to increise the smaller s-:ecial ^-klliances and, at the "^ 

same tinie, the vast ^-en^ral .-.llianoe, a r ; , hence, -^erforia a useful tvvofold 
task* .;ithout this unitinr, the conditions v;ould be ».on3i:lerably different; 
people :Jorkin • for the S!iiill?r .-alliances v:ould har- the ^reat one, and those 
vjorkin-- for the rreat alliance v;ould har:: th: smaller ones, Insteai of co-oper- 
ation, there vould be rivalr^r; insteai of unison, them ;ould De dissension; 
instead of ;oo''; service rendered to a national cause, there ;vould be an in- 
adequate and lesn effective service. 

It is *;ith exactly this in nind that the best p-o-'le in the .national Alliance, 

II ■:> 1 a - '-> - ' ^- -^ 

II ^ ^- d (1) 


in tlifi ?alconr^'', in ^h'^ ?h'>ril roir^, iiv' i: -) o oil ^h ^nlitary organi- 
zation, Lav^? v:or-:^^ : -^o Ion- an' i^C'335:a;:tl" -^n the i^ea of unison. .itli this 
in :in:l they defenr thi^ idea ori'^^n ix .^r it : as be.*:^ e victorious, 'I^rue, 
even toda*' the i>--ea lin" it:i o ^on-rits, but nhos^ anta-onists are oitlier onscious ^ 
disrersers of national unit^^ anci s-li:iarit^' or una-.:are ..ut ir-lo i victi^:s of 2 

t ese disse-iters. The holis -eo le ar-^ thirehTr^ ur/e: n ;t to bo :■ ••ayed and '^ 

^nisled b''- such evilr^ners if tl-e*.' ^Oionl.: -^i^t th='-. ^ho "oles aro o coura^'^ed r; 

to •• orh in bohalf o" our son-s, in behal i or our nativ? art, in behalf of our gj 

oin-ers -alliance and, throu"h it, in oohal ' of t"e -lish National .alliance o 

as uell, :ith the jonviction an' aosnrance that ti ov .orh for tha v/elfaro of L> 

our ^;votriPirland • 



1 - 

T-^ "^ 1 

") ^. i ? r..' ii'.i 

-V:o "*, Lot. 

' ) 

1 nii 



WPA (ILL.) KXlJ ..-.j 

C^Mtorl- 1) 

^ .' » »-> *^ s^ 

V- . - ■- ^- ^ U _ „ .^ .^ '-> ■_ O . - i- 1 - -. » w< «^ .^ V w' ^ . • -.^ ^ ^ ^ v^ ». '^' . ., '»^ W — ^' » ^ ^ "^'^ _ - X . . - u J- -/_ i 

imdoi"'.bt'j''l7, t/e :;3ll- ino'/.-n cor.?-t- nt ^i'^conto^^t ^f cort' in r'.orber?. 

of t}:'.t t:^? i:^ I'oiol ovcr:*:ho:?o, VO'-- i^'.lccr. of t'-iO ^^ ti^re of t-io or:^':ni:^ - 

-I. V ' . V • *_'^. .. 1.^ . '. _L. . , ^, .,. J. i.;.' ^ X ^1. X w — ■ V U. X o . . . - v./ . V '■-' O. - .^ — . X ■ ■ v^ X- - • .u v.' ^' . J J. ■ /- . 

t:io ' "^o:: of ti^eir F^.crificn 

U-. t 

'■-' - - -L. . ,, — _ X-i -». X -1 - X w — ■ V U. X o . . . - v./ . V '■-' O. - .^ — . U 

'*'^r -n i'C'^l 3houll bo findin^- f-ult:^ in othcro. 
People of t}^*'t c libor re tiotvH:' i 'nonc^ co^'i'^lctol" iintil tlioin conotr.nt 
^'mr^hlin'" b-cories the c iwe of nnn.'^ ^•'^on' n" trouble g ^-^ '"^iff iciiltie^^. It 
'.Youlc'' see^'i t^n~.t " n on-- ^.in-.tion oiv;:: 3 t: e •.lli-.-nco of Polir:h Sin^'orr:, in 
v.'hich tnoro is not -^^^en tl:e sli^*^t tr^co of n;' '^"^nof ito, '' '^nro^^oets , '^ 

rnfortun" tol:', ono c^n find inrlivilml'::; ovon in it, "ho, bec--iise they h-YO'* better to ''O or bocanoe the:' f il to their de.eiro to cro-^. 



II ? 1 a 
II D 1 

")zjennlk Zrinzkovvy , Oct. ^7, 1910. 


WPA (ILL.) i-KUJ. 30275 

a corj^.otion and -.ttraot attention to themselves, sacrifice a r^rer.t deal or 
tine to this stereotyped method of findinr- faults. Tliey ■oeri'orrv. their 
disruT?tinr 'vorr: under the rnjise of v.orkinr for -in ide-il. I'he time has 
not yet come to c-^ill this rroun of our rnemhers to order. Thus far, their 
*^70rk'* hr:s been nothinr but silly, c^•ilaish rr-inks. If space is allotted 
this matter in today's edition, it is solely bocause v/e sincerely v/ish to 
have our colleagues knov; that, in spite of everyt]:iDt, v:e are v/illinr; to 
listen to all their com.plaints for the sake of satisfying; them. 

The Alliance of Polish 3in^-ers has passed through: trying times. It has 
passed the crises and is now on the v;ay to recovery, to a reorr.'anization. 
It is no more than rirht , the-refore, that each memiber v;ho is sincerely 
interested in the v;elfare of tr^e organization express clearly v;hat he 
considers best for the orf-anization. Let him point out any faults or 
errors and, at the sar^e time, sur^^est v;ays and means of correcting and 
avoiding them in the future. Vihen everyone has expressed himself sincerely 
and directly it v;ill be easy to prevent any evil from creeping in, and a 

II B 1 a - 3 - POLIiiiH 

^^ ^^ WPA(ILL)PROJ-3Q275 

Dziennik Zv;iazkowy , Oct. 27, 1910. ^^^ - 

method can be found to force a p^iven matter upon the ripht road. But if 
instead of conducting ourselves sanelj^, there is private disruptive 
p:rumblinp, if, instead of openly brinpinic^ faults to the fore, we secretely 
ridicule these short cominrs, then all our v;ork v;ill ro for naur:ht. If any 
mem.ber is dissatisfied for ^^ny reason with the present manner of conducting 
the business of the Alliance, he should openly and without ridicule call the 
attention of the administration to this. If the administration fails to 
justify itself, then the matter can be presented before the organization to 
discover v/hat the members think of it. After all, it must be remembered that 
the central administration is not the /alliance of Polish Sin^^ers, it is merely 
an instrument that fulfills the will of the majority of the members of the 
organization, and so, regardless of whether a certain decision of the 
majority of members is in favor of the administration or opposed to it, the 
administration must conform to the v/ill of the majority and pass upon a 
given ratter in the v/ay the majority wishes. If, therefore, any of us 
notices any faults or mistakes then let him present them openly for considera- 
tion of the members of our organization. If, on the other hand, he lacks 
the courage to do this, then let him not waste time unnecessarily in useless 

II 3 1 a - 4 - P0II3I: 

II ^1 WPA'(ILL)PROJ.3027i> 

D;-ie nni!: r-j-zlzcyry , Get. .?7 , 1910. " 
DrivatG ^;,nir!rolin'""« 

Cnr other 'Te't f-^iilt lion in the f'lct th'it, ro.^^r'iless of vrho ic chosen 
to ^'~rticr.o-te in tlie contr-^l air.inistr-ition, --^ certain h-mdfvil of menbors 
of the Polish Singers -.lli'^nce is Iv: ys diss-'tisf ied. Taey r:irke every 
effort to rrlze the -ork of th-t '^•"'ninistr-^.tion more difficult. Is thnt 
the nro-ner ^:r\^^ to -. ctT Definite!'^ not! Iccidonts v'ould never hnve h^-T>-nened 
if t-^ose colle-'-ues h'-id only sto^^ed to thin]-: tln.t, -ftor rll, pco-nlo "dio 
join the centr-] -rl-iinistr- tion of the Polish Sinr.ers Alli-'ince, v.lthout 
exce;otion, h-^vc t-d:on tlie burden u-^^on their shoulders for no -nerson^.l r-'in 
:7h?.t soever. It is -; Irnovm f-ct thnt the ;aii-nce of Polish Sin-ers is not 
firr:i enou^-h f in-^'Rci-^dly to shov/er its officinls -rith noney. These peo-nle 
'.Tork ^."ith very sli^^.ht rerairier'^tion, the '.niount bein^ so snr.ll that it is 
almost nil. hence it cnnnot be ex;->ected of then to dedicate -11 their 
tine for the c.use of orr' niz-^.tion. 

/jiother Doint v'orthy of nention is the fact thr:t, even if of 

the orr-' ni-/ tion h-'d the best intentions ^nc. nims, they ore not r.ccount-^.nts 

II B 1 a - 5 - POLISH 

Dziennik Zv/iazkowy , Oct. P.7, 1910. WPA (ILL.) PROJ. jC/ ' 

or people v;ell versed in banking matters and must perform their tasks as 
their conscience dictates for the welfare of the organization. It is 
natural to expect some errors to creep in, since the officers depend solely 
upon their judgment. If we consider that this central administration 
received various court summonses and debts and an emDtv treasury, as its 
dowry from the former administration, then there is little wonder that 
gigantic results have not been accomplished thus far. It must be remembered 
that ''Rome vms not built in a day." If these so-called dissatisfied members 
were to take these difficulties inoo consideration, and if, at the same 
time, they had the good of the organization in mind, it is certain that 
they .vould prefer to assist the administration rather than to undermine it. 
These dissenting individuals should pause to think, should uproot private 
differences from their hearts, and should stand in the ranks on an eoual basis 
with others. Let them place themselves in the administration's position and 
exert every effort to assist the organization. If these grumbling groups 
have no desire to express their grievances openly, then they at least should 
have enough decency to cease their m.alicious attacks. Let them, stand before 

11 B 1 a - 6 - rULlSH 

^^ ^ ^ WPA (ILL.) PROJ 3027S 

Dziennilc Zv;iazkov;y , uct. 27, 1910, '^-^ou^/O 

the organization s:iuarely^ state clearly what they consider bad or 
inadequate, and state openly v/here the administration failed to fulfill 
its duties, ihen, by placing the cards upon the table (to use the verna- 
cular;, the v/hole ^ame v/ill be played honestly and it xvill certainly be to 
the complete satisfaction and gain of all concerned, ^t any rate, it will 
prove to be most beneficial to the Polish Mincers /alliance, whose v/elfare 
all Poles have at heart. 

II B 1 a 


WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 
Dziennik Zwlazkovvy , Sept. 28, 1910* 


The Chopin Choir, one of the many groups of the Polish Singers' Alliance, 
will conduct a magnificent concert on October 2, 1910 at V/alsh Hall. All 
lovers of choral music are cordially invited to attend this spiritual banquet. 
On the above-mentioned date as many as twelve choirs will be represented upon 
the stage. The admission fee is nominal; and, hence, it is anticipated that 
a large audience will attend. Immediately following the concert, a dance 
will be held on the premises. 

(Signed) The Committee 


B 1 



1X± L) ^ 

1 c 

1 zie ..iiilv Z;djuZ.vo;r/_, ^ept. IJ, IjIu. 

Tlie rolish nev-spaper, i zi en ni:^ — •ij-_^iy}v > ro^oiveu tiau iGllo\-in<.: l-^t^-er: 

♦*Tv;eiit7-t\.o yuars nave already eiapsoc rro... tao ti:ae v.i.en tne Chopin Chori^l 
Society founaed its vorr: in the intere.,t of roli.^-:- ^on,:o. ^vl :.o:.t a luarte: 
of a century o:: ci":^icult rnc. tecliouo \.Gr:: iias not brou -nt any ;re- t finai.cial 
wealth to tne society becauLe that v.ciac iL^ L.ecic; ted to an ideal, to the 
rolish people ana go t.:- -.aintenan-je cT .oli^n aon,:a. Aie Chopin Jhoir 
has not only itself crrani^ea a choral society avrinr it^. t\.enty-tv.o years of 
ezi-^tence, out ac.s aloO in^titutea rolisn natioaa.L er.oir^ at otuer cities — 
it eacoura^-ed tne lovers of son;;: to \.or::, :.nd iii tnat v^ay 0-<r ^rreat ..lliance 
of i^olish ain ers in i^ierica v;a3 or^^ani/^eo. Ihis alliance is afT'iii^.ted 
v;ith our r^reateat xolisa or -ani. nation, t.u:t ia^ the rolion Iv^ational 

II b 1 a - 2 - PCLI3H 

III ? ^ 


I G 

'♦Not everyoiie is av.ure oi* iVct t:-ut c. ..iCJLuer ui' t::e euoral society not 
only sacrificec; c great ac^al of :iib s^;are tiue, \.hic at v.ouid ra:tiior spenc 
in tne opvrn air tnan in otiJidinr; for tVvO xiourb , :3tudyinc: and obeying the 
director's cormianas, but beiiides tnib ..e ..lULt also pay lar^^e cues to tnat a 
cnoir of tnis type ...ay exist, tnat it :riay be prepared to appear v.ith beautiful 
son,-S o.t every invitation. Oonsepaently , every choir, and especially the 
Chopin Choir, ;..ic'i is always reaoy for perfor^iiaaces , be they funerals, 
v-eddings, national exercises, jubilees, aeaieations of banners of our .illiance 
prouos or, attain, for a concert of national cnorai societies — a choir of that 
type has enor:.ious riont.Ay expenses and a very s.iall incone. 

"In oraer that the nov. ai::iinisaini_: financial concition i^ay be strengthened, 
the Chopin Choir vill (jive its annual concert October r-, 1 10. ^ilvery rii;ht - 
thinicing Pole and :r;eiriber of the rolish National .alliance should be present and 
in tnat v.ay laanifest his sincerity. Ihe concert hall snould be filled jeyond 
capacity, so much so th;.t a future concert of so old a choir ..lay be held in 
some gi-vantic concert h-ill in the heart of tae city. 

II B 1 - 

III B 2 


Dzieiiiiik .!.Vvia;:ko\.y , oept. 10, IJIO, 

"Farther pcirticalers relt-ti^e to t::e concert v.ill be Liiinounced Dy the 
co::u:iittee in all the xoli-sL nev.i^rihyjeTS.'^ 

J. Handiwe, -ecreti^ry. 



II B 1 a 

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I A 1 a Dzlennlk ZwiazkoTry , Zgoda, Jan. 6, 1910. /'^ x 


A large audience attended, and enjoyed the first public appearance of Miss Ester 
Kaczorowska. Her renditions were marvelous and beyond our expectations* 

The "Nightingale" by Liszt, "Gavotte" by "Bach" and the "Sonata Pathetique" by 
Beethoven were played with profound emotion, with such an adroit, yet graceful, 
artistic technique that the audience was spellbound. 

Considering Miss Kaczorowska* s perseverance and diligence, it is predicted that 
she will attain stardom in the near future. 

Our Agnes Nering, with her variety of songs, received great applause; likewise 
a violin solo by Mr* Wisniewski, 

At the conclusion, Dr, J, Szymanski spoke of the necessity of education, and 
the establishment of a Polish Home or cultural center, towards which the 
proceeds of this concert are applied* 

II B 1 a Dzienni k Zriazrow^; , Arril 1, 1909. 

i k ■ '*. 


An evenin^: rrrusicnl under the a\isr)ices of the Chor)in Choir, uhich is afilliated 
v/ith The Polish Singer's Alliance of Anr-rica, v/as held lar,t ni^ht in V/alsh's 
l^ge Hall to honor the Maf?ter, Fredrick Chopin. The sta.^e \"af^ suitably 
decorated, Tliere ncre flcars, flowers and a larf:e "^ortrr-it of Chor/in in the 
center, surrounded Ijy palms and floral displays. A siirr.^isin u;- l?Tjf;e 
r.udience v/as av'se^'bled, a:iC the .'^eneral condi-ct arid orr'er vt^s comnendahle. 
Th.e riro.q-rarn ^.vas sh^rt hut v;ell arrrai.Ted and -i^erforr^ed v;it?. a brilliance 
that connanaed the undivided attention of all, Vv. F, Frzyb;^lsk:i, leader 
of the orchestra of 16 miisicians, rendered n.aiiy selections from Chorin's 
vrorks, including "l.'octurne", Cho. 9., ITo. ?,^ and the fajnous "Funeral I'arch", 

Our HLisicians, fascinated by Cho' in's nelodie-^, rilayed excellently to the 

rreat deli^rht of the audie.nce v;ho aDT^lauded r* nerously, I'any encores were 

given. A Tribute to C-io-^in v/as sun^ by the Chorin CVioir, under the direction 

of V.r. RyoaJc; and also sang "GhoTin's Fu-neral I'arcri*', It was a'^parent tliat 

every member of this choir as well as tr.e director had "out forth his best 

effort; the selection were masterfully r^erformed and justified the "rolonged 

aDflause. Ar)propriate speeches were nadr- by the lieverer.d '7. Zanala ^Jio. Mr. 5. 

Orp'iszewski, each one oa^^ing homage to the ory of this Great !-'an and '^it5 

immortal comoositions which riave within them simplicity, but do not fail to 

inspire in the Polish hea.rt the fcelinfr vhich he -ooured into every selection, 
every note. 

a. \yjux Kj^i 

Dziennik Zrn.azlzovrj ^ 1, 1909, -*, . 

• . ■ > 

The speeches connanded the undivided atte^ition r>f the audience. Mrs. Ho'^e- "-- 
Kv-^arir^rnch, honorary nen^ber of t:^e Singer* s Alliance and a well-knov/ii sin/rer, 
f^elected "Czyjai V/ina" {IPr^o is at Fault) arid ^^G<'yhyn Jcahyta Stoneczlrien 
Naniebie (If only I were the sun in the Heavens,) for the vocal Dart of the 
program. Her efforts were rev;arded v/ith v;ell sustained aprlaur^e. 

Another solo selection, "Leca Liflcie Zdr^ewa, " (The Leaves are Frilling) v;as 
sun^^; by hiss Helen Kenr)ski, Her sonorous vo^ce evoked intense admiration 
and the audience insisted on nany encores. 

The Senior *'"^orien's Choir, Halka, -Tave the Chor;in slection "FozcrTi.^jaie" 
(Farv;ell) and an encore. 

A collection for the benefit of the Siner's Alliance netted o23.97. 

We also wisli to announce that the mr "er of cerenonies for the evenin^^ ivas 
!^r. I. Stankier/igz, ^resident of the Chor^in Choir; he V7ap> assisted by Yr. 
JoseToh Ch'nielinski, ^resident of the V/estern Division of the Polish Singers 
Alliance of America. After thankf were extended to the oublic for their 
lar^^e attendance 'r^^ good conauct, the inusicale closed with grout) sinking 
of the national hj^m "Boze Cos* Polske" (God who created Poland). 

J. V/J-iX kJXi. 

, I 

Dzienr.ik Zwiazkow y, April 1, 1909. \:^ 

The audience, honeward bouna, retained lin-erin.?; neriories of an in sDi rational 
eveing, dedicated to the grtat raster Chopin, whose works con-rised the -lajor 
rart of the rroi:ran» 

It is fitting to ^ive all due credit to the Gho-in Choir who made t'-^is 
spiritual fe- ?t and the develornent of Polish rrrasic r^ossible. 

II B 1 a 

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jy Dgjennik Zv'iag''.ory , April 25, 1908, .X^ 

III E !-:Mf\ ""-' 


Lovers of classical nusic rill have a ,^roat treat v/hen they attend the famous Orjera 
"II Trovatore", which will be stacked to-norrow at St. Stanislaus Kostka Kail. "II 
Trovatore" is the master-piece of Verdi, the most famous of Italian composers. 

The leading role of this opera will be r,unf by ?'rs. A^^es Tering, the Polish artist, 
whose every sta^~e appearance leavet^ a memorable impression with her listeners. 

The St. Agnes Young G-irl's Society branch of the local Alma liater Association will 
make its first nublic anpearance. the latter ^art of the evening. 


• y 

II B 1 a 
II D 1 

Dziennik Zwis.zkovrj Z^^ocia, Ao ril 2^ 1908 • 


St. Adalbert Parish orranized, not lonr a/ro, two choirs called the Krakov/iaJcow-and 
Krakowianek^ v/hich lave already joined the Polish ITational Alliance and also the 
Alliance of I'olish Singers. 

Joseph Chnielinskj wsis unaa imouf^ly elected r^resident of this new organization; 
following the choirs; you wall he entertained hy the talented and artistic Mrs. J'erkel, 
who, by the way will make her farewell a^Tearance. Reserve the evening of April 5, 
to attend this fine play. 


II B 1 a 

IV Dziennik Zv/iazkov/y Zr-ocia, April, 1, 1908. 

Ai; E\T2:iNG FOR ycu::g Poland 

A program of vocal selections will be featured Sunday evening at 8:00 P.M. in the 
Atlas Hall. 

Rose Kv/asigroch, -r^rominent and well-known sin<rrer will offer several selections. 

II £j 1 a 

IV Dziennik Zwiazkowy^ March 30, 1908 



We are confirming the fact that the well-known Polish choir Filareci has been 
triumt)hant to a degree which has not been siiiT>a55sed by any Polish group of singers 
in America, Last night's concert, at Atlas Kail, though the first staged by 
Pilareci, was indeed a great success and created much enthusiasm. This chorus is 
composed of Chicago's '!:est Polish singers who have ar>r>eared at various national 
festivals, where they v/ere enthusiastically received. Although organized only 
seven months ago, it convinced the public that the united effort of good singers 
can accomplish wonders* 

Due credit should be given to its members, and esr)ecially to ^^r. B. J. Zalewski, 
the director, for the great treat given us last night and also for the diligent 
efforts he expended in training them. It would be difficult to describe to anyone 
not present, how truely awe-insr)iring last night's performance has been. The 
concert was well rehearsed and only members of the choir apr^eared. The program 
showed good taste and everyone present appreciated the artistic accomplishments of 
the singers. The Shepherd, a song by the younp; composer Mr. Lachman - the first 
number on the program - won the hearts of his listeners, holding them sriellbound 
throughout the evening. The audience showed profound respect and reverence for 
the work. A charming addition to the delightful melody proved to be the Polish 

/.-^ — ^ POLISH 

-2- /':/ .cA 

Dziennik Zwiazkowy, March 30, 1908. 

The public, lost in deep revery, felt itself transplanted to its native heath, 
expecting at any moment to see the materialization of a poor, barefooted indigenous 
shepard, The people were charged anew with each succeeding number, not only by 
the enchanting Dower of the music but also b^' the talent of the singers and felt 
convinced, that the Folisli chorus Filareci has that subtle technique so essential 
to singing. 

Solos, duets, quartets and choral selections were offered. Mr. Borkowski, a 
tenor, deserves encomiums; he distinguished himf^elf and won prolonged applause. 
The Filareci concert must be acclaimed as a successful achievement. 



Harod Polskl. Vol. XI, IIo. 12, March 20, 1907.^,, 

LOCAL CHRONICLE ■^'^' J'-^-:- 

The concert of I.!r. John A. Mallei:, with Vxs. V.. Smulski and Miss B. M# Stevens, 
in Association Auditorium TIall, was very successful. The hall was filled with 
the -people that attentively studied the technique of our famous artist, 
TviT. J. Mallek, 

The listeners were surprised by the wonderful voice of I.!r&. Srmilski, and the 
skill of other artists, who after repeated applause, accoiRniodated with encores. 

II B 1 a 


II A 3 b 

III C Dzienn lk Ch ic asoski , Vol. £\flll, No, 22, Jan. 25, 1907. 



A plea from Blue Islc.nd, Illinois, hits reached the Poles in Chicago and 
its loceility. 

Dear Fellov;-citizens: 

I inform you of the fact that the parish of 3t. Isadore in Blue Island is 
arranging a concert for the benefit of a nev/ church • This concert will 
be held February 5, at 7:30 in the P^rberek Hall, at Grove Street, only 
one block south of V/estern Avenue, This is the first concert that we 
are preparing v/ith such great caution in order for it to be a success. 

The Rev, Father Pyterek is at the head of this project. This concert 
should not only benefit the elderly Poles, but the young Polish youth 
also shall benefit from it norally. 



II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

II A 5 b 

III C Dziennik Criic&tj0^^i > Vol. ]{7III, llo. 22, Jan. 26, 1907. 

The follov/ing is the prosrani that is to be executed: 

1* "Crusader," Sousa. './ill be played by the orchestra under the baton 
of F. Kondziorski. 

2. The song "Sumiaer, " executed by the choir of ot. Cecylia, under the 
direction of Professor R. Ardziejewslii. 

3. The song "Prenow, " of L. Arditti, sung by Kiss A. Nering* 

4. Raff*s valse "In':>ror:itu, " by Prof. H. Ardziejev/ski. 

5. "Monarch," by tlte orcliestra. 

6. A duet "Sing me to sleep," by J. and A. Nerin^;. 

7. ToVi-ard a sonc,*' by the clioir of Denbinski, under the direction of Prof. R. 


II 3 1 a - 3 - POLISH 

II A 3 b 

III C Dziennik Cnica-oski, Vol. r\/'III, Wo. 22, Jan. 26, 1907. 

8. "Toreador,** from the opera "Cannen"; by J. Kondziorski. 

■j-r^\ /'■■ ■ 

9. "Sernade,** by the quartet consisting of ".7. Earwig, first tenor; A. 
Earwig, second tenor; F. Kondziorski, first bass; and J. Kondziorski, 
second bass. 

10. "Monolocue,** by Mr. J. Sikorski. 

11. "Soldier Chorus," froia the opera "Faust," executed by the Holy May 
Iiamaculate choir. 


II B 1 a 
II A 3 b 

IV Dziennik Chicai-oski. Vol. XV'II,,No. 195, Atig. 25, 1905. 


r ► 



Tomorrow night there shall be a concert of the Singers* Organization in the 
TIalsh Kail. The fact is that not only shall our famous Chicago songstress Miss 
Rosa Ewasigroch participate at this concert, but also other famous people shall 
be our f^uests. Mr. Rosenthal from St. Paul, one of the best Polish baritone 
sin.^ers in America — and Miss Clementine Mallek from Milwaukee also has a very- 
remarkable and sTDlendid voice. He ur^e all of the Poles to be nresent at this 
interesting^ concert and ,^ive the artists a sTDlendid reception. 


II B 1 a 



Dziennlk Chioagoski. Vol. XVII, No. 116, May 22, 1906. "^ ^j 

REPORTER'S NOTES ' '''^/ i>. 

vie are mentioning for the second time the faot that the Poles in Chicago 
would like to witness on the stage a Polish opera* 

I judge that with the material strength we have here, we could present 
Moniuszkis* creations • 

To support us in this event we could ask lirs* Swasigrooh, Smulskat 
Nering, J. Kowalska and Messrs* Kowalski» from South Chicago j Szymanskif 
Kondziorskif Nering and many others. Our public delights in stage shows, 
especially if they consist of singing* 

The organization of organists should confer upon this matter as soon as 
it is possible for them* 


•1 « 

, II 3 1 a 
III -. 2 

"!• ■' *: 'ill 

POLISH \^ . ';/' 

Zroda ^ Vol* X:*:!!, No, 37, Sept. 10, 1S03. 


The Polish liational Singers of A-ierico. vrill arrive in Chicago and gather 
at '«\'alsh«s hall, Sept. 11 and 12, located at I.oble and Emiria Sts. 

Saturday, Sept. 12, in the hall a contest and amusement will take 

place. Sunday, Sept. 14, a conpetiticn belvreen the Polish Katicnal 

Singers will*' take place at St. Stanislaus hall, loci.ted at i;oble and 
Bradley Streets. 

The Central Corniiiittee is composed of men and lady meribers of the Polish 
i^ational Singers, mainly from the 1 rger z'^ovj)S. The choirs competing 
are as follows: 

1. The Chopin Choir, under the direction of Llr. J. Handka and A. Kajn- 
prowski. 2. The Philharnonia Choirs, directed by Lir* F. Tracinski and 
miss K. Michalska, 3. The Ilalka Choir, directed by Hiss F. IJichalska 



goda, Vol. X:ai, .:0. 57, Spt. 10, 1G03. 

and Ivliss T» Stanlciewicz. 4, T?ie Dembinski Choir from Pullman, directed 
by !.>• Kopei and Llr# Bigos. 5. The 'Wanda Choir from P\il]man, directed 
by Miss Pelc and Lliss Gawronska. 6« The IIarm.ony Choir Group ho. 1, 
directed by Lliekisiewics and Llr. Rzeznik* ?• The Reszke Brothers 
Choir, directed by LIr. Ignatz Stankiev;icz and Llr« Z» Galinski. 

The Central Committee is cordially invitin,'; all Polish people to attend 
nd make this affair a hure success* .Ye absolutely guarantee all will 
be pleased v;ith this program. Support your Polish singers and artists; 
show us what you think of solidarity. 


III B 2 ■ 

Zgoda, Vol* XXII, Lio. 36, Sept. 3, 1903. •. • .v . ,. 


.Ve are reminding the Polish people in Chicaizo and the surro.unding towns 
about the great concert to be given by the Polish i^aticnal Singers, 
Sunday, Sept. 6th, in Kosciuszko's Hall. It is to be the greatest concert 
given by this orf/anization since its origination. It v;ill consist of 
at least ten different groups of the Fclisri National Singers' Organization. 
It vd.ll have the juiiicr roups, tlie ladies and the men's senior groups; 
the final act on the program will be all three groups combined as one. 

Tickets can be purchased from Llr. J. Chirdelinski, loc-.ted at 683 W. 1 
St., and Ivir. J. l^ielcarka, 776 S. Ashland Avenue; also at the offices 
of the Polish Daily i;e v;s and Zgoda. 

II B 1 a 

Harod Polski . Vol. VI, No, 24, June 11, 1902 , r>. ,u , wm:,v :-;-»t 

LOCAL ke:3 item 

Y^e are informed that at the last display of talent by the students of 
the local school of voice culture, Chicago Musical Club, an award of a diamond 
medal was given to the well-known sinjer, Iv!rs« John 3mulski« This is the 
third successive highest distintion of Mrs. Smulski, who has finished honor- 
ably t-.e higher class of the above named school. 

II B 1 a 


Zgoda. Vol. XIX, No. 29, July 19, 1900 

* . -Si . I ; 

• -, 1 . ■ t 


Under the above name a new oholr was organized for ment so far there 
are tv/enty*five members and we feel sure that In a short time the member- 
ship will be doubled* The admission fee is fifty oents» with a monthly fee 
of twenty-five cents until January If 1901 » after which time the monthly 
rate will be forty cents* 

Lessons and classes are held every '^Vednesday in Mr« Zembal*s hallf 
located at 41 V/ells street* 

The officers of this choir are: W* Jelent president; J* Sobota, vice- 
president; J«HomplewicZf recording secretary; W« ^aniowsklf financial secre< 
tary; J« Jaroszt cashier; J« Jelent librarian* 

The director of this choir is Mr* J* J* Novickit who is also general 
director of the United Polish Singers* 


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' II B 1 a 
: III B 2 
III B A Zgoda« Vol* XVII, No, 30, July 28, 1898 V-:.,^ y 



Dear Brethren: 

The ninth oonvention of the United Polish Singers in Amerioa will take 
place September 3, 4 and 5 in Chicago. 

We are inviting to this convention all the choirs of the United Polish 
Sinrers in America. Ladies singing;; societies in the United States t and orgcm- 
izationSf are asked to send representatives. We invite all Polish citizens 
who are lovers of Polish music and songs and who are anxious to spread eunong 
the Poles their native songs. Everyone will admit that the Polish national 
songs are the most important factors with ifrtiich to awaken the heart and soul 
of our fellow-countrymen to their country's need. Songs are proof of our love 
for our past and present attitude towards our country. We sing in the hours 
of sadness and in the hour of happiness. We Poles eilways singt whether at work 
or at homcf because singing is a balm for every Pole. 

II B 1 a POLISH (2) 

III B 2 ^ 

ZKOda t July 28 ^ 1898 

' o 


And also to give a oiroumstanoial aooount of our work to our youngsters 
and the future generation that they may love and oherlsh the work of our fore- 
fathers # 

Our heart and soul, our true feelingt were put into these songs and we 
must awaken the younger generation to teaoh their children the love and knowl- 
edge of these words and melodies • 

Every heart thrills to hear Polish songs ajid rauslo« To the older people 
they awaken and bring back memoirs of their youth. 

The work to preserve and cultivate our national songs is ideal and 
requires the true support of our fellow-oountryment for those who are most 
interested in bringing this dream to reality, deserve an unlimited amount 
of thanks for their efforts* 




II B 1 a 
' III B 2 


Z^odat July 23^ 1898 

That is vfhy we are inviting all citizens, brothers and sisters and all 
well wishers to be present to take part in this ninth convention of the 
United Polish Singers in America, to help in our work of extending among 
Poles our national songs • 

C« Duzewski, president 
A. Rosinski, secretary 

r '-^ 

S ■^: 

' II B 1 a 


III B 2 
III B h 

Zjgoda, Vol.17. NoaU. A-oril 7, 1398. 

Charter for United Polish Singers of America. 

The new Board of Directors of the 'Tnited Singers, met in Grand Raoids, last 
month, to nake laws to conoel ."^11 gronos of this Order to be reoresented at these 
monthly meetings. The different groups of Illinois met in Springfield and demand- 
ed a charter; in order to have their own gro^ip ("ommittees and. directors, without 
being comoelled to for-^e the general officers to take ti-ne from work jost to be 
present at these montly .meetings. The Central Committee at G-rand Rapids soon 
changed its ideas, and asked that tae grouos of Illinois call a .joint ^pcjsion at 
^'hich offers from 3-rand Raoids would be oresent to discuss the official business 
of issuing a charter. After hours of heated de'feate they agreed to issue a charter 
under one condition that all Polish singers be grouued as one club, under the name 
of "United Polish Singers of America". The uuroose of this organir^ation will be 
according to the dontents of our documents. "To advance and -oromote an interest 
in Polish National and American songs; to organize, and direct, choruses and choirs 
in the state of Illinois and elsewhere, and in general to foster and encourage its 
members in the study and. develoument of the art of music". The incoruoraters of 
th" s grout) are: Cezar Du t^ ewski , Ign-^tz Mroz , Chester Perlowski , Valentine Kuflew ski^ 

Mar cel i Ghttkowski and Michael N owa kowski . 

11 B : 







Page 2. 
^goda , Apr* 7, 1898. 

Vm'^ : 

J-v^ »J 

The issuing of the charter wa5^ made oossible by the aid of our notary -oublic 
meaber Mr>F, V-e^-^ierski , March l.*^, 1393. We are informing: all the Polish citizens 
in the United -tates a out this gronr), ano we have great hopes that this parent 
organization of ours vill soon have branches in r^ll the states. Each state that 
has, or will have, a Society of United Polish 3ind:ers in its fold vail have the 
right to hold its own Polish Darliament which will be the legal right due to 
every grouu. 

Every tr^ie Pole, who is interested in sor^^ and prolonging the use of 
Polish songs and music among other nationalities, should join one of our groups 
of "United Polish Singers of America". 

C. Dazewski - - - - Pres, 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 


Z^oda, Vol. XKI. No. jl, Dec. 23, 1897. 


Brothers! Seeing suoh little support that you render our singing choirs, not- 
ing also your indifferenoe toward them, I embolden myself then, in the name of 
patriotism, requesting you all to open your hearts and not be negligent in 
aiding our national singing. 

Join our singers, throng them old and young, and cooperate v/ith us so that v/e 
can create and establish choirs in vast numbers which would bring honor for us 
Poles . 

I particularly urge that you, young folks, who know of no way to spend your 
leisure evenings, spending them uselessly is of no benefit to you or to anyone- 
else. Persons should sacrifice at least one evening during the week for cul- 
ture, by participating in singing ^nd familiarizing the.v.selves with the polish 
language and songs. 

coin us, young friends, and you £l;all ..ot re^^ret it. Here you shall find a 
real pleasure in spending your time; here you siiall not only fa^ailiarize your- 
self and love our wonderful Polish language and son^, but also shall find the 
possibility of oulturing yourself i.. i.e uad also awaken an instinct of 


- 2 - 

•' '? I: 

p.-^-T tc:tt 

Z^oda . Vol. XX7I, No. jl, Deo. 23. 1897. 

national cride. 

.7e sorr.etines hear the elders criticize the Polish singers for their poor siiig- 
ing, and praise the or Swedish choirs as an example to follow. They 
do not stop to consider our hardships. 

vYe shall explain this as follov/s: 

The Germans or the Swedes are older singers who have had ten or more years of 
practice in this art of singing; none of then clains that he is too old or too 
tired. But unanimously they stand together with the youth and cooperate v/ith 
them, not paying any attention to the gray hairs that cover their heads. 

And wha: happens with us? Can we pride ourselves with the fact that we have 

the full support from the older generation? No I The young people, who belong 

to singing circles, do not achieve any advancement or respect for us or them- 

Here's what usually happens among or to our young members. A youth, who be- 
longs to a sinking circle for tv/o or three yc;ars, when he marries, drops this 


- 3 - 

Z^;oda , Vol. XXVI, ::o . ji, iJeo. 23, 1697. 
arr.bition of beia- a rr.err.ber any lorKer .vith some sin^cle excuse. 

Can't they SQcrifioe ot least one ni;;;ht for sin^ins and cultivate themselves 
in it, even thoa.^h they are married'' 

If everyone would understand their outies toward their nationality -^nd would 
spend this one evening for singing, then our choirs would be above all other 
national choirs, and we would not then have to be ashomed of our ignorance 
in this art. 

And so, cooperate with us, you elderly brothers and you youth too, so that 
our song can go beyond the furthest corners of this earth and reach way over 
the ocean toward our brothers in Poland. 

Zygmunt Ferlowski, 
A member of the I.Ioniuszko choir. 

II B 1 a 

I K 

Dziennik Chicagoskl, Nov. 17, 1897. 



The Polish //omen^s Echo Society, a choral group, gave a concert last Sunday, f 

November 14, at Schoenhofen's Hall. To the variety program of Polish song Z 

was added the singing of the Chopin Choir. The entire membership of the Polish 5 

Falcons Nximber 1 was present. After the concert there was dancing. The 2 

mazurka and other Polish dances were featured. ^ 

\ A 

II 3 la >^^-^ POLISH 


IV !-Tarod Pol ski. Vol. 1, No. U7, ITovpinTDor 17, 1S97 

A concert in wnich a number of Polish church choirs have or£^anized for the henefit 
of the "Polish Sisters Convent" wil"' he held, llovernhpr 21, 1897 in the large hall 
on Bradley Street with the assiste-nce of a large orchestra. The -^^rogram will "be? as 

1. "Polonais" Kurpinshi-- — —Orchestra 

2. "3-loria" Mozart- • -Mixed choirs with the accomnaniment of the OrchestEi 

under the direction of A. J. Kwasigroch; solo T)art 
will he rendered hy Miss Wanda Barrig. 

3. Song dedicated to ITicholas Copermicus Miss Hozalia Bieszka, Jos. Heich, Pianist 

U, "Song of Poland"- . ^ords "by Zahajkiewicz, Women's choir, orchestra 

undt^r the direction of E. Wiedeman; solos hy Miss 
Agnes Wojtallwicz(Soprano) and Miss --artha Kosinski 

5. "William Tell" Rossini Orchestra. (alto) 

6."Barcorola"- — Song duet Misses Anna Muchowsha & Lucia Gizeszkowsha, 

S. J. Kujawski , pianist. 
7« Waltz from pera "? A D E T T Eli— Soprano solo Miss Wanda Barwig, A. J. Kwasigrocl} 

g. "Krakowiak" from "songs of our Nation" -Male choir, orchestra under the direction of 

A, Mattek. 

Page 2. 

II 3 la 

ITarod Pol ski. Vol. 1, ?To. '^7, r'ovmn-r 1?, 1j'97. 



SoloistM'r. Jolin Jarosz and Stanislau Pliszka, (tenor) Tr. John I^ondziorshi, baritone. 

9 " War Signals" Wronski-Orchestra 

10, Mazoirek from thp op^ra "Duch Wojewody" by Grossman-Solo by !.!iss Agnes Wftjtalewicz, 

Mr. A. Mattek, pianist. 
ll."2xcelsior" duet, Miss Agnes Glonb and Mr. lYilUam Donbek, E. ?/iedeman, Pianist. 
12, "Duch Woje-^^'ody" opera selection, mixed choirs- orchestra under the direction of 
A. J. Kwasigrich, soloists soprano, Miss Agnes Glomb, Soprano; Str nislnw Mattek, 
Tenor, Mr. J-^hn Kondziorski, baritone. 

The concert will begin at S o'clock P.M. 
Tickets are .25^, .50^ and $1.00. 

A. Mattek, 

E. Wideman, 

A. J. Kwasigroch, 


B 1 '^ 



^ OQU I . Ox » A ^ A.' • *> • ^ -*^ • ' ^ J X w' J . » 

I have the <^reat hcnc" O''' ' n-'^orrin"" ^^')n., d'^^ar relish nuhlic* of ''^hlf'Oi^o, 
tViat the p5=ri sh c r? 'I'^d'^ ""rTnJ^^' ^-^^-t' ''^l '"-hed a new oin.*"'n" soclet^'' C'":l?u^d 

~ '^c'cl concert ^ ^i vr^' -"h v.^- 1 ] ^.-' -i^ . ^. ^ ^'-njw oc Fr.i*c-.>^ n* •■^n'^l md -rifrT-an 
<^ on " *^ v^ "^ 1 "! ^"^ *" $ 13 n ^ « 

'^h^ *^tovc in^ Ti"*'. ■"- OH'^ ''^ '-y-r.p^-^ ''•■-' :^ or. h'-i - *' "i-^^-^o-^-- vr-^r. •— rd ^ts «'•"'" r''~f-r froni 
thf' Sece-ar^'- o*"^ State o"^" 111 2 no 5.^- an-j >«^-nn its v;ork« 

The director' 0' "^.-i''^ ^.^o^al*. stc is th3 pcnul-'rl;' l-'nov.r. naer^tro o"^ i.iusic 
and son"*, Mr. .Antlicn^' I.Iallek, 

Drar lo"'"^"r: of son.- wish in" to -^cin c-.nd bolcr ' -o this "^red^: >*icl: Chonin 
Socint;^''" ^nd work vath us 'n '^^n^ral^ ^, ^"•■.♦^n, ■irr^i"''ed "ou to oore to 
our neotin-^. '^nf^^df.^;'^^ Au;;nj^i "1^ :n ti"-"^ hall of 'Joly Trin'^t;'^ 




Dzlennik Chicagoskl , June 19, 1897 • 




The St# Cecilia Chorus of St. Adalbert's Parish was incorporated under the ^ 

laws of the State of Illinois on June 15. The incorporators are: John p 

Kujawski, Boleslas Zalewski, John M. Sienkiewicz, Anna Kuchawska, Teofila Z^ 

Porozynska, and Hedwig Wi chert • g 


II B 1 d 

III C Dziennik giiica^-oski, Ljay 13, 189 7. 


A musical and literary' proe'ram was given by the Yourtj; Lien's Archbrother- ^^ 

hood Sunday, May 9, at the St. Stanislaus ICostka parish hall, riie entertain- ^ 
nent v/as as follows: S 

1. C/enin.j, FraiiCis Czastka * f^ 

2. Sonc, Francis Czastka 
5« Declainaticn, ^'In Honor of Polish Pri-jsts,'' Valentine Roszl:ov;iak 

4. Son^:, '^liail, Llazurs," 3t. Stanislaus ICostka I.'en's Choir 

5. Declariation, **It Is Forbidden to Us," Liss F. Jazdzie-jska 


II B 1 a - ^ - Zon^ 

II B 1 d 

III c Dziennik Chica,^.oski , T-ay 13, 18S7. 

6. Son.:;, "I.^y Da;m,*' St. Stanislaus Kostka Younp, Ladies* Choir 

?• Recitation, "Omen," Simon Sikorski 

8. Song, "Ivly Dear God," :.Ien*s Choir 

9. Declamation, "I Am Proud That I i^^ a Pole," John Bombera 

10. Speech, Valentine itoszkowiak 

11. Tribute to the rieverend Joseph Gieburo/zski 

12. Song, "God Save Poland" 

Sincere thanks are expressed to Llr. Chojnacki, director of the lov;er choir 
(sic) of St. Stanislaus Kostka^s parish, and to the singers. Thanks are also 



II B 1 a 
II B 1 d 

_ 3 - POLISH 

ii ti i a 

III C Dsiennik Chica-osk i, Llay 12, 1897, 

exteaded to Hiss Frances Jazdziev;sica for har splendid recitation. '2 

Valentine .ioszkowiak, president 


AUt^^ust Bacli, recording secretary o 



-I. d 

II 1 I c 
I --. 2 a 



Dziennir: Ciicai'o^ki , Lvv» ^h, 1897, 

o : • 


A n:^>i 

r T -p. 

The cro^-ra.i sta^eo ye. oerday by L.ic sc:iOOl chiidreri of -t. ^tonislaus •:ostk 


Fcrish, under the ciirecoio 



^ • jL • 

:[' !.otre Drjr'ie, proved to be a succese. ^ 
rne exerciGec v;ere rivt-n in nonor -i' t..e heverr-r.d "/incort ?arzyn3;.i, T.&stcr, r 

for v/'ioia t::e d?^y v;as iieiied. ■.'hen t:ic -actor ^r^.wvoy'C"'ie6 t::e ^uditcriiLi v/lth ?\is >C 

escort he 

as -ro' 


lt.*i loud a"^"r:lau:-e by the rjchoo] chil reii. Th*-- r^ro'-ram 


was opened uith a inarcn of v;e-come, T)layed bv the "inses ?• rstrowsha, ; • ' f^rko^v- C: 
Srca, and h. ::olasa at the piano. Other ; Mrts cf the ^ror-rata filled '.ith ^ 

so::-s, roCitauions in .ollcn a:.: "\:rlisii, drills, an-j varioue ot:M.r i.iueical nuniberjb 
A drai.ia-Gic s/.etch in t::T'oe acts aUo reacted. :-otii tiie rirls and the brys 
p*ave outstaneiny n :rfor.'.ances. 

hvery number on t:ie entertaini'ient vro.-ra-i v;ae rendered in rerfect order. 'L'his 
smoothness inricated tiat t^.e ri -^rous urainia^- i:ie scnool chil'^ren receive from 
their teachers, as v;ell as i: ,e s; eci-l yuidaece, is '-iver; v/itn understa ein-o 
l^he capacity crev;d spent an •njoyable i.venin.-. ' aclx aco \ as an a^'reeable surnrise 

II ':- 1 a 


"'^pT T-"T 

II B 1 c (1) 

I A ^'i a rzlemi': ChicgrcsVi , Apr, £8, 1S97» 


IV to ther*. 'T'rierc • - -z n:t ne ^'ull iwo'^^nt thrcughcut the ^ror^-ram, al- 
thouf'h it v;a5 rather Ion 'c\tj:. cici not ccncluce till ouite labe. 

The rceverend Vincent ^--cir^ynshi and Lhe 3i?ters oi' ?'otre Dane can be justly r^roud 
of tue • arish school and the -^^^erforrrKMiCe oi the pupils. A3.1 tne exerted efforts 
;.ere not v.actec, i'or t:ie fruits were abundant, /nc! this is somethinp* of which 
all Poles in Chjcacco shoulu be ^roud. 

:..av Ood eonciniiC; to blrss tn-^^ effC'rt:^ of t.^e Cat'.olic ^ri-:st-and rOTje. 



II B 1 a 

II D 4 






Dzlennlk Chicagogki , Apr. 27, lb97» 




A special program of interest was staged yesteraay, before many selected 
guests at the Holy Fam.ily Orphanage, by the Sisters of Notre ueme, who are p 
in charge of two hundred Polish orphans. The progra^i was staged in nonor C 
of the Rererend Vincent Barzynslci, C«R#, pastor of St, Stanislaus Kostka 3 
Parish and foimder of the Holy Family Orphanage, 

Besides the Reverend Barzynski, the following priests were present: The 
Reverend Fathers Francis Gordon, W. Rapacz, T# Szybkowsici, S# Gooimi, 
Andrew Spetz, John Piecaowski, Joseph Gieburowski, Brother Joseph Osowski, 
and the more important supporters of the nome. The special audience nad an 
opportunity to see the results of the methods of education and training 
applied to the unfortunate children in the Orphanage, and now they are being 
prepared as future Polisa-American citizens. The cnildren, although not 
garbed in the finest clothes, are well fed and well trained^ They had a 
pleasant appearance with their winsome smiles. Many of them are not aware 

II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

Dzienaik Chicagoski > Apr. 137, 1397. 

II D 4 







their pligiito Altiiough some nave no mothers or I'athers, they nave 
round a substitute at'iection in the raany attendants and supporterso 
Yes, instead of finding a father they nave found a guardian, v/hicn brings to 
mind the immortal words of Jesus, **What soever you snail do for one of the 
unfortunate cnildren, you are doing this for me" (sic). 

Yesterday* s performance was given as a to'<en of than^-cs ror the efforts of the 
priests and of the private individuals who nave given their support. All were 
convinced that their efforts were not wasted. The chilaren congratulated the 
pastor on account of the day's being named for him, and wished him endless 
days of health. The congratulatory remarks were made in the Polish language, 
which prevails throuf^hout the institution. Although there are two Irish 
children in the institution, they nave learned not only the Polish language 
but the customs as well* This, of course, does not mean that English is not 
taught to the children • All cnildren are instructed equally in the Polish 
as well as the English language. 

II B 1 a - 3 - POLISH 

II D 4 

III A Dziennik: Chicagoski , Apr. 27, 1897 • 


IV The prograTi took place as scheduled. Declar-ations, songs, monologues, 
humorous verses, and drills were only a part of the entertainment* 

Little girls in vhite dresses, made-up as mothers, appeared on the stage witxi 
baby dolls in their arms* This was designed to portray how the girls would 

appear when they reached adulthood. The song ♦♦Let Us Go Togetner'* was an 
exam.ple of the spirit that prevails in the :ioly Family Orpiianage. The pastor 
was greatly moved by this perf oiiriance and promised the chiM ren a special 
May Day event as a reward* He appointed a committee which will lay plans 
for this event* An outing will be neld in one of the city parks* 

What reward is given to tae hard-v:orking Sisters of iCotre Dame, guardians 
of the Holy Family Orphanage? A feeling of gratitude from tne Polish 
people who help to support this institution* This nelp is rendered tijrcugn 
quiet and energetic work on the part of spirited people* 

We recommend this Polls:: institution to all Polish parisnes tnrougriout 

Chicago and vicinity, for this orphanage iias an important meaning to all Poles* 


II D 3 

HI C Dzlennik Ghlcagoskl , Apr* 20, 1897. 




Th« unexpected death of Joseph, father of the Reverend Vincent Barzynski, 
brought sorrow to the entire parish of St« Stanislaus Kostka« This in- 
directly affected the attendance at the benefit concert staged last night, 
for the Polish Hospital, at the pco'ish hall* Attendance, though large, was 
not up to expectations* This was unfortunate! The concert was extraordinary. 
Not only all the local talent took part in the program, but also all the 
first ranking amateurs who appear on the concert stages all over C3iicago« 

The musiccde was opened by the St* Cecilia Iton^s Choir, under the direction 
of Andrew Ewasigroch, singing the spirited Polish Hearts*** This song 
characterized the entire program— ^Polish songs and music for Polish hearts* 

Miss Lillian Roemheld followed with a violin solo, ^'Song without Words,** 
which was made popular with the Polish people by the bow of the renowned 
Wieniawski* Her second rendition was Wieniawski*s popular '*Rondo elegant,** 


n B 1 a • 2 - POLISH 

II D 3 

ni C Dzlennlk Chicagoaki , Apr. 20, 1897 • 


which captivated the audience to such an extent that at Its conslusion 
the applause practically stopped the performance* After playing Braha^s 
^Cradle Song,^ the talented Hiss Roemheid played Wlenlawskl^s fiery ^'Mazurlca , ** 
which was recently played , In Chicago, by the talented Polish youth, Hubeman* 
Her rendition was of such quality that even the composer would have been proud 
to hear It* Although the ylgorous pressure of the bow caused one of the 
strings to snap, the expert player finished the number without losing a note, 
or any of Its melodic qulntescence* 

One of Chicago* s most famous singers, Urs« Paula Blederman, who has graced 
many a concert stage, followed Hiss Soeaheld* **Herzens Fruehllng** by 
Wiekede, **Soguanl Rererle** by 7. Sehlr, and **Yes Thou Art Hlne** by Arnold 
Haymon gave the songstress an opportunity to display her talents* The 
quiet during the renditions and the applause at the conclusion, were just 
tribute to this concert star* Ueiny bouquets of flowers were bestowed upon 
her by the Polish women* Although she Is not of Polish blood, she was 
willing to take part In this program* 

II B 1 a - 3 - POLia 

II D 3 

HI C Dzlennllc Chlcagoskl , Apr. 20, 1897. 


The third number on the program was a piano, violin, and violoncello 
trio« Ralph Hodrzejewski played the piano and the Messrs* Sehauffled played 
the other string instruments. Hr. ModrzeJewski*s piano playing can be com- 
pared to the acting of his mother, Helen Modjeska; otherwise he would not be 
bold enou^ to ask the famous Sehauffled brothers to accompany him. The 
Modrzejewski Trio was well received on the concert stage. 

An unexpected number followed. Mr* Ewasigroch presented a mixed group of 
young people from the St. Stanislaus KostKa Parish Choir. The choirmaster 
held the baton, Mrs. Mary Barzynska played the piano, and Mrs. Rose Sirasigroch 
stood at the head of this youthful choir. The hymns **Nolite Temere** and 
'^Gloria** captivated the hearts of the audience. It would not be wrong to 
call this singing miraculous, and the choir could easily be representative 
of the Polish efforts in the United States. Mrs. Kirasigroch^s singing 
was on a par with that of Mrs. Biedexman. 

This review must come to an end because the writer does not feel capable of 

II B 1 a - 4 - POLISH 

II D 3 

III c Dziennik Chicagosici , Apr. 20, 1897 • 


imparting by the written v/ord all the fine qualities of the concert. 
Those who are aoubtful of its success are requested to ask verification from any 
one of the two thousand people who attended* Despite this large attendance, 
the nail was not filled to capacity* 

;anong the many guests present, we saw Count Anthony Vif. Rozwadowski, Italian 
oounsul in Chicago, and nis wire. Doth are great lovers of music* 

II B 1 









Dziennik Chicagoski > Apr* 12, 1897* 

A musical and vocal entertaimnent v;as staged last night by the St. Cecilia '^ 
Choir, a talented v/onen's group of St. Stanislaus Kostka's parish, at the ^ 
local school hall# National music and religious and patriotic songs thrilled'F 
the audience. C 


The musicale v.^s under the direction of Andrevi Kv/asigroch, choirmaster of 
St. Stanislaus Kostka's Church. IJany interesting numbers v/ere on the pro- 
gram, among them a piano duet by the Iiisses Piterek and Ostrowska, 'Tolish 
Women," a monologue presented by Lliss 1.:. Ochwat, "Ballad," sung by Liss Sieja, 
♦^xile»s Grave," recited by Liss IC. Rozniakowska, and a '^lome of an Exile," 
given by Hiss P. Gierok. 

Other numbers v;ere "lly Poland," by Lliss J. Lubinska, "Sigismund»s Bell," by 
i:iss J. Ciesinska, "Poland, Llother of Ours," Lliss llaciejewska, "Vision," 
Kiss Sobacka, "Matejko," Liss Dabrcv/-3.:a, "Exiled to Siberia," declamation 

Ii £ 1 a - 2 - PCLiai 


ill £ Dzienni'< Chicaroski, .v^-r. !■:, 1-97, 

ill ri 

r/ and song by Liss Kosinaka, •^. »'The ..eepinr; Willoy.'/' Z<> Knapinslca* 

Piano solos were ''oerenade/* by kiss later'^k, ''^.ountain l^ells," by 0. Panten, -o 
and "jiasliington ?ark,'» ably done by MiSw^ Scliultz* The entire choir s'^zi^ ^^ 

Bollrran's ^'Hecina Coeli-'; and the concluaing number of t^e evening — qnite p 

appropriately — was played us a piano solo by uiss Badonska, »»?ut iv.e in x^y 
Little Bed'^ 

Upon listening to the renditions of tnis splendid young ladies* choir, one's 
heart is filled ^vith J03'' because one realizes that is teing acoorriplished 
by v;or:ien of i^olish blood. It is a source of joy to KVLOii that polisi: song 
and nusic not only persist but are beJng played and sung by the daughters of 
those ^'Jho knew what Poland v;'js. ^?> long a? suc:i young polisi nearts continue 
to revive the creations of our fat.ierland, we can safely say, »'polnr.d is not 
yet lest I" 

II B 1 a 


lY Dziennik Chlcagoskl . Mar. 30, 1897. 




One of the outstanding entertainment programs of the year was presented last 

night at the regular monthly meeting of the Young Ladies* Choir of 

St« Stan 


St» Stanislaus Kostka's parish. The bill listed no less than twenty-seven g 


Outstanding patriotic declamations were delivered by the Misses Gierzk, ^ 
Frydrychowiczy Bardonska, Michalak, Trzuciel, Ciemiecka, Suchomska» 
Rozniakowski y Maciejowska^ Ignatowska^ Dabrowska, Kaminska^ Ciesinska, Lubinska, 
Sonnenbeck, and Czerwinska. 

Especial credit is due to Sophia Khapinska for her recitation* 

Piano solos were expertly executed by the Misses M« Pyterek, M« Schultz, 

M« Bardonska, F» Ostrowska, and Klatecka* Beautiful solo melodies were sung 

II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 


IV Dzlennlk Chicagoski ^ Mar* 30, 1897 • 

by the Misses Wirkus, Ochwat, and A* Krolik. 

Outstanding performances were the duet numbers given by the Misses Kozlowska 
and Frdrychowicz and others* The Tautma Choir, under the direction of 
A. Kwasigroch, choirmaster of St* Stanislaus Kostka^s Church, sang a number 
of enchanting airs* 

Ordinarily this choir does not seek publicity; however, this performance was 
so elaborate that it merits mention* Great results are expected from such a 
group, which works earnestly and quietly. May God bless your efforts* 

The chaplain of this group is the Reverend F* Gordon, 0* R* 




II B 1 a 


Zgoda. Vol. XVI, No. 9, March 4, 1897. y^'<\.r.K^^i 


^% ' 

Simday the united singinf^ organizations Ghopins and Janda presented in the lalsh 
Hall, Kurpinskis operetta, consistinp; of three acts. We shall not read of this 
play to you, but only wish to note for your interest that this is one of the 
most original operettas known, that even in Poland it is very much enjoyed. 

L!r. Anthony L^allek deserves all the credit due him for his performance and 
directing the singing, organizations. From among the amateurs, Mr. Gatkowski 
proved himself successful in making the people laugh with his humorous jokes. 
Solo parts w^re sung by llr. I.Iroz who possesses an excellent voice, also Miss 
7/ojataleniC!^, who captivated the general public with her singing. 

After conclusion of all the stage production people danced and enjoyed them- 
selves till 4 A. U. 

We almost forgot to mention that present at this great occasion was the famous 
13-year-old violinist Bronislaw Haberman, with his parents. Ten people were 
all aware of this and honored him with clapping at his appearance. 

II I: 1 a 

Dzlennil: 3hica-jQski, 1, 1397. 



Cn i?^3briar:7 21 the E. Do.T.binslii Jlioir liejld its -'irst ccncort and ball at 
..'• Teripliii's liall, ooutli Oiiica^o, Tlio ..'anda and Ghopirx Choirs, under the 
direct iO:*- of .».ntiiony Hallo}:, tool: part in tne concert, :S 


The andersigiiOQ, in tne na-ie of the Demoinski Choir, extends an old-xashioned 
"G-od Bless You,'' es";jcially to ..essrs. ..oilale.vicz, Gorslci, JI. ".Closko'.vski, 
and Ilrs, 3::ul:^recka for their solo and duet ccntritutions. Thanks are also 
extended to Iliss Malolepsza Tor her ir.ipressive deciai.iation; also to 
Mr. /oL^ian, and the ..iisses ;:ilgodt, Siuda, and rolacsyk for their songs. 

Thanks are also civen tc the ..liite Ja,^le l^and for its beautiful concert 

arran^^e-ient of national airs. In conclusion, thanks are also extended 

to I.:r. Pawlowski, director or the 3. Dembinski Choir, vjhose efforts during 


II 3 1 a - 2 - PCLISi: 


Dzioimlk Gliicacroski, :'ar. 1, 1897. 

so limited a time doveloped this choir into its present state of efficiency. 
Tlianl-is are also ext3nded to the audience for its fine co-oporation. 



The not proceeds fro-x the concert, 24.46, -.ere turned over to the i-.everend 
?. ..ojtalev;ic2. 

G'ice ag-iin I v/ish to take this opportunity to thank all participants for 5^ 
making this concert a success. 

.;. FolLner, 
jor the i3. Dembinski Choir, 
oouth Ohicar:o. 

II 3 1 a POLIJK 


Dziennir: Jhicagoslii , Feb. 6, 1697 • 

lOT/ GiiciR oRajii'TiD IN .:;t, J^m: c;.::tIoj chuhgh 

A nav; church choir, the ot. ^x^nes Choir Jociety, has been organized by the 

youn^^ ladies of ot, John Gantius Church, ^t the first jaeeting forty-two young _^ 

ladies joined the society, xhe iiembers are between fourteen and fifteen years ,2 

of age. - 

... f«> 

The foilo\«inc i.ieT.bers were elected to office: s}\ rotoclia, president; j\ '.'», vice-presiderxt ; J. rranciszc^cii:, recording' secretary; C. ' iktor, r! 

financial secretary; o. ICic^./.iec, treasivrer; trustee? : Z. Dabrov.ska and r. -"; ^\ Zbylska, librarian; .u. lOlaszcz/l:, :.:arshal. The local organist, :"■■: 

F. Kv;asinsrci, is c.irector cf this nev; group, si* 

Leetings will be helu on tne first ...cnday of each ^lonth, and lessons in singing 
will be given every ^.onday aua Thursday, ^J-j. those young ladies of the parish 
who are interested in sinring are urged to join this newly foriaed organization. 
New iTiembers will be v-'elcoine either during the :.ionthly i.ieetings or during the 

II B 1 a 


POL 1311 

DzieimiK Ghica-rosrzi , r'eb. 6, 1cj97* 

evenin.:s oT instruction. 

E. Potocka, preoident, 

J. FranciiDZCZMK, vice-president. 



IV Dzlennlk Chlcagoski , Feb. 6, 1897, 



"The hone can be destroyed by fire. •. .treasures can be stolen by thieves, ^ 
but the muse of song always remains untouched, **says a poet» »— 

Fron time immemorial song has filled the hearts of man the world over. The ^ 

mother puts her tear-stained baby to sleep with a lullaby; melodic songs ^ 
prevail at gay social functions; the stirring military song waims the hearts S 
of men and leads them on the field of battle; the national song is filled ^ 
with the gloiy, yearnings, and misfortunes of individuals and legions of 
people; nations are made to feel proud thro\agh their expression of song, and 
it is through the medium of song that the works of God are glorified! How 
then could one not love song? Song makes life a pleasure; it banishes worry, 

II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 


IV Dzlennik Chicasoski > Feb. ^, 1897. 

a^vakens the heart, adds temper to the soul; it finds itself everywhere 

for it passes through prison bars, and reaches the frozen Siberian steppes; ;^ 

it lives with the iinfortunate exile in the most deplorable hut as well as ^ 

in the marble halls of the regents • p 


It can safely be said that there is not a heart in the v/orld that has not 
felt the strains of a song, a song that touches the fibers of the hearts '^- 

In this respect it is our duty to care for this faithful friend. Above all, ,j- 
our parish choirs and singing groups should be concen:.ed with spreading 
and fostering national song. 

If it is true that certain individual groups and one large association have 
made an effort in this direction, for they each have conducted some kind of 
instruction classes in their o'wn particular comers, 

Eveiyone is aware of the fact that religious, patriotic, and social music 

II 3 1 a - 3 - POLISH 


17 Sziennlk Chicagoski . leb. G, 1897. 


* - i_ 

readier: greater heights thix)ugh the joint efforts of one common organization* ^ 

i^very joint enterprise is much easier to put over because more effort and ^ 

time can be given to it and the responsibilities minimized by spreading r* 

the work to be accomplished* The more there is in common the more can be ^ 

realized. This is true in all branches of this kind of work, whether it is o 

the cost of material, whether it is the finding of ne;v talent, or whether it ^ 
is the avredcening of the desire for music in all, and the consequent influencing^ 

of the esthetic knov/ledge of the people* ^ 

The po7/er of music is great; yet, to many wholesome religious miisic is 
unknoiivn* A part of this is the fault of oar small and often neglected church 
choirs • 

"Sursum Cordal'' The combined strength of the voices of our youth, both girls 
and boys, will open the portals of heaven, and even the angels v;iil join 
with them in the song, "Gloria in Excelsis Deo"# 

II B 1 a -4- POLISH 


IV Dziennlk Chicagoskl . Feb, 3, 1897, 

Choirs and singing societies, providing they work out an adequate plan, -^» 

will receive greater support from the clergy and the parishioners, for ^ 

worship which is due the Almi^shty and love of nan de'nand that religious U 

and national songs be beautiful and more beautiful* ^' 

Because of this v/e have a hope that all choirs and singing groups will recog- lo 
nize the need for a "Singers* Union**, whose aim V7ill be to safeguard church ' "" 
and national songs through co-operation and mutual work. 

Choirs and societies that recognize this need and agree to join such an 
organization, are requested to appoint a delegate or ty/o and send them and 
their directors to a general meeting to be held on Llarch 7, at 4 P.IvL, at the 
St» Stanislaus Aostka school hall, Chicago, Illinois, 

The St. Cecilia Iilen*s Choir, of ^t. Stanislaus Kostka Parish, has aired this 

II B 1 a - 5 - POLISE 


IV Dzienni k Chicagoski , Feb. 6, 1397* ^ 

proposal thoroushly, and has decided to send the following quostionnaire to ^ 

all choirs and choral groups: r" 

I. Does the choir (society) recognize the need for a "singer^ union" or o 
a Catholic parish Choirs* union"? \Z 


2. Does the choir desire to join this "union"? ^ 

3. Does it consider it necessary that the members pay dues and, if so, how 

Those choirs or societies that are not in a position to send delegates to 
this meeting because of some previous engagement are urged to commxinicate by 
letter with the secretary of the temporary committee of this project: 
A. Klafta, 668 Dickson Street. 

II B 1 a - 6 - POLISH 


IV Dziennik CMca.^oski . Feb. 3, 5.897. ^ 


During the first part of the meeting the following business will be taken ^r::. 
up; p 

1» Reading of the constitution, corrections, and a vote on its acceptance, g 
2. Organization^ 

Anticipating early replies to this appeal we reinain, 

Your compatriots, 
ITie Committee: 

A. J. Kwasigroch, 
John Kondziorski, 
W* Earwig, 

f o 

II B 1 a " 7 

^ Dziennik Chlcagoski . Feb. 6, 1397. S 


Andrew Stachowicz, ^ 
S. Zaliajkievjica, F 
John Nering, 


k. C. Klafta* o 

' O 



Dziennik; Chicaroski, Jan. 30, 1897. 


( Correspondence) 

The undersi(";ned has the :'rivile{^e of anncuncin>2 to all lovers of music that 
a large froup of young ladies of St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish has organized 
a Polish Singers' Society for the purpose of teaching and fostering Polish 
national songs. 

On January 13, a meeting was held at the home of the Sypniev/ski family, 630 
Holt Street, and the Polish Singers' Society was founded. Eighteen young 
ladies joined the organi::ation. Shortly afterward, the nev; members held an 
election and the following officers v/ere elected: ICiss Leonarda Sypnievvska, 
president; Liss E!elen V/ytyk, vice president; Lliss Anna Dembkowska, recording 
secretary; Miss Sophia V/ytyk, financial secretary; Hiss Anna Lisztewnik, 
treasurer; and I!iss Stanislawa Kucharzewska, librarian. 

.II E 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chicagoski , Jan. 30, 1897. 

The first singing practice v/ill be held on February 3, at the Polish National 
Alliance Hall, at S P. I,'. Professor P.. Hensel, well-knov/n music instructor, 
will direct the singing. 

All young ladies of St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish v;ho v/ish to join the society 
are invited to attend the first singing class. 

Mention should also be made that this group is to join the Polish Singers' 
Alliance and ;vill co-operate v;ith all singing societies in fostering sor^s 
of the fatherland. 

Hope is expressed that all young ladies who wish to follo;7 in the footsteps 
of their grandparents will join this organization. In this way the Polish 
spirit v/ill be awakened and the purpose of this club will be realized* 

Respectfully yours, 
Miss Anna Dembkowska, recording secretary, 
673 Dickson Street. 

- y 

II B 1 a 
II B 1 c (1) 


Dzlennik Chlcagoskl , Jan. 13, 1897. 


The undersigned wishes to announce publicly that the St« Michael Singers and 
Dramatic Circle was organized at a meeting held on January 7, at the St. Joseph 
Parish Hall. The officers of the club are: S. Boniakowski, president; C# 
Wesolowski, vice-president; A» Ciuda, treasurer; A* Chylewski, marshal, I. Fila 
and F# Mazurek» librarians; A. Potocki, guard; and C. Wesolowski, director. 

All those interested in singing or dramatics are invited to attend the meeting 
to be held on January 14, at 7:30 P.M., at the St. Joseph Parish School Hall. 

Carol Kowalski, secretary, 
4323 Justine Street. 



II B 1 c (1) 

I A 2 a Dziennik Chlcagoskl , Jan. 10, 1897. 



The St. Josephat parishioners were entertained by the school children Sunday 
afternoon at Hage's Hall. Songs, sketches, recitations, and declamations marked 
the program of entertainment. The presentation was of such a high calibre that 
it deserves a few words of commendation. 

••Tom's Practical Joke,** a humorous skit, provoked the capacity crowd to laughter. 
It should be mentioned that this play was presented in English. A short sketch, 
»»Leszek Bialy»» (The Vfliite Leech), impressed the audience. 

The Polish songs, including solos, duets, and quartets, rendered by the Polish 
school children, brought them great acclaim. The recitations and declamations 
were equally good. 

Just before the close of the program, several Negroes appeared on the stage and 

^^ ^ ^ ^ - 2 - POLISH 
II B 1 c (1) 

I A 2 a Dziennik Chlcagoski , Jan. 10, 1897. 

entertained all with song and dance. 

The pastor opened and closed the event. 

Credit should be given to the pastor and the Sisters of Nazareth for making 
this program possible. 

C. Suralski. 

II B 1 a 


Dziennik Chicagoski , Aug» 17, 1896» 

Tin cciTvih^D c 0^:^01::^ for tii^ bt^^fit on the 

Kosciusiio ::oixfi^3^ FuinD 

vfe have been requested to publish the followin';:^ announcement •/ 


VJe vash to notify the Polish singing societies arrangin/? the concert for 
the benefit of the Kosciusko Monunent Fund that the Zorza Sin^ring and Dramatic 
Society of Bridgeport decided, at its seraiannual meeting held on August 5, that 
it v;ill take an active part in this concert. 

A corjjiittee of tv/o has been selected tc confer v:ith the coranittees of the other 
societies. The dele^-ates are Casimir Li^owski and Lsdislaus PwOgalinski. 

The concert is arousing the greiitest interest among our members. 

Brother singersl Let us all work together so that this combined concert vail 
be a success and so that v:e may add our share to the fund. It is our duty, as 

II £ 1 a - 2 - POLISH 


Dziennilc Chlcagoski , Aug. 17, 1896. 

Poles, to see that the Theddeus Kosciuslco monument is built in Chicago as soon 
as possible. 

Constantine Wrzesinski, 

Recording secretary of the Zorza :} 

Society, > 

939 Springer Avenue, p 

Chicago, Illinois^ ^T 



II B 1 a 


Dzlennlk Chic aco ski > June 22, 189b* 

The Kurpinski Polish Sinsine oociety was incorporated yesterday in Springfield, f 
Illinois* The incorporators are J. P. Mielczerek, J. M# Lilla, J{. Dunczyk, C 
and others* ~^ 


II 3 1 a POLISH 

II B 1 c (1) 

IV Dziennik Chicagoslci , June 1, 1896. 


Last night a niuuber of friends of ..x. L>zczesny ^ahajkiewicz, director of 
Polish theatrical perforinances for many years, net in Szulc^s Ilall to 
honor his birthday with an extrei.ieiy conical musical entertaininent. 

Everybody had a good tine. The nonolor^ues by A. Chrzanov/ski and John '^ 

Czekala \vere excellent and brought a terrific outburst of applause. ^ 

Songs by Wxs. Kose i.wasigroch, ^.iss ./anda riarwig, and Jozv;iakov/ska ^ 

were also vigorously applauded. The entire prop^ram was excellent. o 


The hall was overcrowded, which proves that .j?. ^ahajkiewicz has roany f::^ 
sincere friends. '^'" 


Dziennik Chlcagoskl , May 28, 1896. 



A group of twenty- two yoiingsters on the Northwest Side organized a Polish choir ^ 
on May 19, J. 

The group will practice music and singing, especially Polish national songs* 

The officers of the new choir are J. Szymanski, president; M. Nowakowski, vice-: 

president; K* Gk>lebiewski, recording secretary; K, Szlachta, treasurer; 

Z. Perlowski, librarian; A. Majewski, financial secretary; and R. Checinski, 


Mr. Hentzel, who is well known among the Poles in Chicago, will be the director, 
and we expect his services will be eminently satisfactory. Choir practice will 
be held every Wednesday night at 8 o'clock, in Ignacy Perlowski's hall. 

II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

Dzlennik Chicagoskl ^ May 28, 1896. 

Perlowski will make no charge for the use of the hall, for which he deserves 
the thanks of all members • 

Regular choir meetings will be held the second Tuesday of every month, and all | 
those wishing to join may come either to the meeting or to the choir practice.^ 

The group's name is **Choir of Polish Singers, of Paderewski in Chicago. *» 

In the near future, the choir will Join the Polish Singers Alliance of America. 

K. Grolebiewski, 

368 Ashland Avenue. 


III B a 

IV Dziennik Chicagoski , Apr. 2V, I8y6» 


The first concert arranged for the benefit of the Educational Department of 
the Polish National Alliance took place yjsterday at Holy Trinity Parisn Hall# 

The carefully prepared program pleased the audience, whicn snowed its satis- 
faction by frequent applause. It is too bad that the attendance was so small, 
which no doubt was due to the rain that fell all evening on the airty streets 
of our city» 

The numbers on the program were rendered by the Chopin Choir, assisted by 
the three talented amateur artists — ^Miss Large, Miss Hofler, and Miss Cady# 

Miss Large played Beethoven's ••Sonata** and Chopin's "Nocturne*' on the pianoo 
Miss Hofler sang "Spring Song** and Dvorak •s ^'My Mother Taught Me** very 


II B 1 a - ? - POLISH 

III B 2 

rv Dzieiinlk Chicagoski , Apr. SV, 1Q96. 

Miss Caay, a young but very prQr.iising amateur, literally captivated the audience 

with ner skill in playing the violin* She playea a piece by Schubert, and 
•'Polish Dance, ^ by Szanvenko» The latter piece pleased the audience so much 
that Miss Cady was forced to repeat it tvyice. 

The Chopin Choir completed the program. 

It is worthy of note that tnis Choir has made a noticeable improvement under 
the direction or lir. ^^thony Mallek* The singing oi* the choir was clear 
and harmonious and was applaudea time and again* 

The ladies were presented witn beautiful bouquets of flowers* 

II B 1 a 



Dziennik Chicagoski > Apr* 27, 1896. 


The concert of the Nowicki Brothers Orchestra took place yesterday at three ^ 

o'clock in the afternoon in the Icirge Bradley Street Hall. The program 5 

featured a few solo numbers, as well as the Saint Cecilia !^le Choir of Saint c^ 

Stanislaus Kostka Parish. From an artistic viewpoint, the performance was a F" 

success. ^ 

The thirty-piece orchestra played a number of selections, among them ^^Corona- t^ 
tion March^, by Meyerbeer; a group of Polish melodies by Troszla, and "Awaken- ^ 
ing of the Lion,'' by Katski. The "Boar Hunting Scene" — an original piece, <J^ 
accompanied by singing, shouting, ana shooting — pleased the audience so much 
that a part of it was repeated. Mr. Crane's cornet solo was greatly applauded. 

There were only two vocal numbers on the program. Two extra numbers on the 
program-- "Spring," and Troszla 's "Mazurek" — were sung by Miss Wanda Ba^wig, 
v;ho, together with Mr. Kondziorski, also sang a part from the opera "Halka". 


II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chicagoski, Apr. 27, 1896. 

There was no end to the applause and shouting, for our amateurs sang like ^ 
accomplished artists. 

Miss Earwig was presented with a beautiful bouquet of flowers. 

The audience, although not too numerous, was well pleased. It is hoped that 

we will be able to attend more of these performances and that future concerts ^ 

will draw larger audiences of music lovers. 


I .^ E a 

IV Dziennik Chicaj-oski , Jjpr. 11, 1396. 


( Correspondenc e ) 

The other nicht, due to r?ivorable circunstances, I found mj'-self accidentally 5 
in the Iiall on Bradley Street vrdtchinr the children e^rbendin^ their sincere -ci 
and joyous greetings to their inost beloved pastor, because of his happy return f 
from a lengthy sojourn in California for his health, v-tiich v;as underrained by \ 
long and tedious mission labors. c-> 

I axa speaking here of the Reverend Vincent Barzynski, the pastor of Saint k"? 
Stanislaus Kostka Parish, where the school children tutored by the Sisters of ^^ 
Notre Dane had the honor of welcoming him. 

I pass by the sincerity and frankness of the childrens' feelings, which could 

II 3 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

I XX 2 a 

lY Dzlennik ChicaGOSkl, iipr> 11, 1896* 

easily be read in the faces of the innocent tots. 

I want to write a fev; v;ords about thing else here. I refer to the 

exhibition of musical prov;e3S during: the procrun. This exhibition, I can 

say without flattery, v/as masterful. Tliis is not a meaningless v/ord. I 

am acquainted v;ith music and love it.... This recent entertaimuent in the -§ 

Bradley Street hall was truly beautiful and artistic. The entire audience 

;vas entranced. 

Inagine, if you please, a group of young girl3 playin^ on zithers, two soloists 
leading them, running their bows over the silken cords; a strangely beautiful 

melody results therefrom, truly violin-like in tone, enriched with the quaint 
harmony of the zithera. 

Imagine, if you please, the singing of "Sub Tuum Presiduum". You hear a sv/eet 
soprano voice, whose elasticity and easy .^modulations remind me of the singing 




II 3 1 a - 3 - POLISH 

I A 2 a 

17 Dzienn ik Chica^oskl, .-^pr. 11, 1396. 

of a firct-class artist; then a grand alto voice, seeninsly shov/in^ ^ 
miraculous imitation v;itli its full and rounded tone of a mezzo sv;eetness 
of the birds sin^inp; tlien the choir, so ei^cellent that it dares sudden 
modulations, omittin,:; the half tones. 

Imagine all of this, if you please, and you v/ill have idea of the 
musical bannuet ^ivon by the school children of the Saint Stanislaus Ilostka 
School, and tutored by the Sisters of Notre Dame. 

Hov7 much ;/or!c and trouble v;as connected with this entertain^aeut, Ooi only 
knov/s. Once more, all honor to you! 

/ui --^aateur critic of Ijisic. 



All honor to you, Sisters of Ilotre Dame, who have been able to bring fortii ^3 

from absolutely rav; material such artistic forces. 


c . 

II B 1 a 

II B 2 a 

III B 2 Dziennik Chicago ski, Liar. 19, 1896 • 



(We have received the correspondence wvith a request that it be ]2 

published in the Dziennik Chicagoski ,) ri 

A meeting of the conmiittee of the Educational Department was held last night ng 
in the offices of the Polish National Alliance. The committee is coniposed o 

of a number of men and women. 




The roeeting was held for the purpose of making arrangements for a concert for ^ 
the benefit of an educational fund. 

This concert will be held on Saturday, Jipril 11, in the Eoly Trinity Parish 
Hall. The concert will be given by the best Polish and .American talent 
available in Chicago. 

II Bla - 2 - POLISH 

II B 2 a 

III B 2 Dziennik Chicagoski , Mar. 19, 1896. 

As is to be expected, thia concert will be a pleasant and varied entertainment, 
and it should bring a good profit to tbe Educational Department of the Polish 
National ^Oliance. The ball will be free and all the other expenses will be 
slight, if any at all. 

ISany societies have already signified their willingness to participate and 
to help this good cause. The prices of tickets are very low: reserved seats, 
thirty-five cents, other seats at twenty-five cents; and children will be 
admitted for fifteen cents. 

T. S. 




II li i a 

)zienni^: Jhic-. :03ki, Sob. ::7, 189G 

i^_j.<0 li.. 


nev; xolisli choral society has beer: or;',aiiized in ot* Oasimir Parish* 

II Bl a MilSH 

Dziennik Chicagoski t Jan* 25, 1896* 

The St* Cecilia Choir of Bridgeport (in Chicago) was incorporated yesterday in 
Springfield, Illinois. Those signing the incorporation papers were: Joseph 
Reich, Casimir KLukasze^^rski, John Kunka, and others* 



II B 1 a 



17 Dziennik Chicag03ki > Nov. 89, 1895. 


The St. Cecilia Choir of St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish staged a special affair 
last night at Schultz's Hall in tribute to its director, Andrew Kwasigroch. 
During the course of the evening Mr. Kwasigroch was presented v/ith a beautiful :^ 
baton and a beautiful gold ring. This affair was staged to celebrate his birth- ^ 
day, which is tomorrow. 'f 

The program opened with music and song in concert style. The Ilowicki Brothers* ^ 
Band supplied the music, while members from the St. Cecilia Choir, namely, Llrs^ 
Rose Kwasigroch, Miss ./anda barwig, the men*s quartet, composed of W. Banvig, 
J. Nering, F. Kwasigroch, and J. Kedziorski, and a duet team made up of Lliss 
Wanda Barwig and J. Kedziorski, gave out their best in song. 

During the presentation ceremony, Szczesny Zahajkiewicz, Ir. I^'ucha, and 

J. Kedziorski made speeches. All mentioned the downfall of the weekly Djabel 




II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 


17 Dziennik Chicagoskl > Nov. 29, 1895. 

Many other speeches and songs followed until midnight • 

"Then the guests were leaving, they all wished Mr. Kwasigroch niany years of 
good health, happiness, and success* 

The occasion will remain memorable not only to the celebrant, but also to the 
members of the St. Cecilia Choir and the guests. 

II 3 1 a POLISH 


IV Dziennik Ghicagoski , Oct. 19, 1895. 

ST. HY^CUmi P.JtI3H 

A benefit concert for :jt. Hyacinth Parish vail be presented tomorrow evening 
at the Andrew dchultz Kail, 697 Noble otreet. 

The concert will have a diversified program. There will be solos by Mrs. Rose 
Kwasigroch and Andrew Kwasigroch. Both will sing arias from the ^'Haunted 
Castle, '^ by x..oniuszko, a Polish composer. I*liss Barwig and iv^r. Kondziorski 
will sing the duet from the Polish opera ''Halka-'. oongs by the St. Cecilia 
mixed choir are also on the program. 

I-wo piano teams will play duets. They will play Schubert^s "Marche Lllitaire" 

and the "Awakening of the -./olf," by Katski. The teams are composed of 

iuTS. Kwasigroch and I.lss i^ary Barzynska, and Stanislaus Szv/ajkart and S. Kostka. 

II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 


IV Dziennik Ghicagoski , Oct. 19, 1895* 

A violin solo v/ill also be played by our v;ell-iaioxm IJr. Kostka, who will be 
accompanied on the piano by ivj?, ^zwajkart. 

A zither and violin duet will be played by l^s. i^ueller, teacher of the 
zither, and Lr. Kostka. There v.lll also be a mandolin and guitar duet, a 
mandolin orchestra is also on the program* 

The above selections and performers will give the public an idea of what it 
may expect. 

A dance will be held after the concert. This, however, is independent of the ^ 
concert. The dance prograjn has been prepared by the King Ladislas Jagellon 
Society. Popular as well as native dance music will be featured. Proceeds 
of the dance will also be turned over for the benefit of the parish. 

II 3 1 a 

X XX M St 

r/ Dziennik Chieagoski , July 8, 1895 



k:L\PJ)S GIVLl^ 

Althoucli heavy rain and stormy skies prevailed throtie::hout the day yesterday, 
the program staged by the students of :Jt. Stanislaus College Jnovj V/eber Hich 
School/ v/as a success. A capacity crov;d attended. 

Because of the inclement weather, the program had a late start, causing some 
of the numbers to be dropped. The program v;as opened v;ith the singing of 
"Dzvvonek I.Iaryi" (l^ary's Bell). This was follov/ed by an address by one 
of the students, Simon Sielinski, entitled *'I^jiov;lodge and './ork Enriches 
A Nation.*' His speech v;as short but to the point, and he v/as given a 
generous hand as he left the stand. 

A short play, depicting a historic event during the times of Kosciusko, 
v/as enacted by a group of students, including J. Sobieszczyk, J. LIucha, 
A. KalinoxTski, and others, --lien Lhe curtain v/as dropped on this 

II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

I A 2 a 

IV DzienniiC Chicagoski , July 8, 1895. 

presentation, the continuous applause delayed the program somev/hat; 
because of lack of time the players could not obli^^e v;ith an encore* 

Songs by the follov/ing students greatly pleased the audience: J, I.:ucha, 
F. Cstrov/ski, LI. Lacy and J. Nagorznik. This group also sang "Gdzie 
Domek LIoj" (V/here Is Ily Home). 

A violin solo by F. Kostka, v;ho played "Kujav/iak" (a t:n)ical Polish dance), 
was one of the highlights of the musical part on the program. He t;as 
accompanied on the piano by S. Szivajkart. 

F. Rekosiak gave a speech in English, and -V. Tomaszev/ski presented a 
beautiful monologue. English songs by the College choir closed the 
regular program. 

Reverend Vincent Barzynski, pastor of St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish, 

II B 1 a - 3 - FCLISH 

I A 2 a 

IV • Dziennik Chicagoski , July 8, 1895. 

•oresented av/ards to the outstanding students of each class of the College. ^ 

L'any persons from adjoining neighborhoods v/ere in the audience. .^^ 

The singing of the Polish national anthem, »'Boze Cos Polske" (God Save ^ 
Poland), terminated the exercises. o 

II B 1 a 


Dzlemxik Chlcagoskl . Feb. 6, 1895. ^ > '■ . .1' . -U : 


The St. Cecilia Men's Choir No. 1 of St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish was in- 
corporated yesterday under the laws of the State of Illinois. Its incorporators 
are W. Barwig, J. Nering, and A. Stachowicz. 


II B 1 c (1) 

I A 2 a Dziennik Chicagoski , June 18, ie94* 



Yesterday was a festive Sunday for South Chicago Poles. 

The members of St. Michael Archangel Parish celebrated their pastor^s birth- 
day in a befitting manner. The kindergarten class presented a play. The 
rectory was decorated i^lth flowers, and two local orchestras, founded by the 
endeavors of Reverend A. Nowicki, pastor of the Parish, played mazurkas and 
polonaises in his honor. 

The large number of persons attending the celebration was sufficient evidence 
that the pastor is well beloved by his parishioners. 

The play staged by three, four, and five-year-old children moved every one to 
tears. The play, '•Boleslaw Smiazy Dzieckiem" (Boleslaus the Valiant as a 
child), was a great success and was loudly applauded by the audience. The 
cadets, commanded by L. Machnikowski , gave a drill that was faultless, and 


II B 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

II B 1 c (1) 

I A 2 a Dziennik Chicagoski , June 18, 1894» 


received much applause. The little Kosynierzy (Scythemen) have made 
great progress and are ready to fight the Russians at Raclawice even today. 

There was quite a large attendance but not too large for comfort. It is a 
pity, however, that more people were not present, for the play by the kinder- 
garten class indeed thrilled the audience and was well worth seeing. This 
kindergarten should be supported. 

It was a long program, consisting of more than twenty numbers, and, because 
of its length, it could not be completed, as it was getting too late. 

In general, yesterday's play was done extremely well. Children who can learn 
to sing and recite at such a young age should make good strides and become 
well educated patriotic citizens. 


. _ c 

II P 1 a 


1 c (1) 

' ^rr 

zienni;-: Jhic^.r-osl-ci , jec. d, Ir 9b, 

rCLI J^ 

The jru:ratic Jir^le hel^; u Jiieetiri,;- l:::^t ni/jht, i..cnday, Deoei;iber 4, .ifter the 
sinA:in^ of the loliL'h nr^tional anthe.a, '*2oze Coc xol'^ke" (Ood _)^.ve i eland), 
the chairiiian, ^..r, ozczesny :!rtau.ji::iev.icz, explained a fev; facts to the ''ladies 
v:ho do not attend the financial :::eetin::a. '^ The outinj. of the Circle's members 
to i..ilv.aukee was also debated, anJ it v:i:.:. finally aeciaea that such an outing: 
is :x>Te cc:afortable -jid convenient in v;-,r.arr v. pather — durinc .•a)ril or ...a^^. 

-rafter this laattcr v;as decided, :.Al^ Kunlcov;aka and ..i:a- Lubov;ieck?J san£: a 
duet. Then _r. Jozv.lakov.rdci , v.lth his v;ell-knov;n vicor, recited ''I\atedra 
Ka .;av:elu" (The ..av;el Jathedral), 

L.iss Barvjic appealed to the he-rt3 of all those Tjreoent v; ith a patriotic 
recital entitled "0 Polskiej" (..bout rolish Speech), and ..jl*. Oszv/aldowski , 
with praiseworthy modulations of his voice, recited ":Ta bkrainie'* (In Ukraine). 

i-. r;.elodiou3, interesting^ duet, ^'Na Dolinie" (In the Valley), by i.iss Merin^ 

II B 1 g 

II E 1 c (1) 




Dziennik Ohicar-oski , Joe. 5, l&9o. 

and i..r, b:irv;ir, enthralled the audience, :.nd the tearful recital by 
iuP. .Varcin and the still :ore heart -rending' solo ^'C ierotce" (..bout an Orphan) 
by L.iss Barv.i,^* ikoved the audience co deepl:'' that the chairiaan, fearful lest 
a river of tears be let loose, told a story -bout a learned raan and a fisher- 
liian which cleared the countenances and brourjit sjidles fro::": all. i-.fter the 
laughter ended, ...r. iiurchardt recited in his . leasant voice a poea, 'T-statny 
Z Karlinskich'^ (The Last Karlinski). 

Iteverend rJ, oiedlaczeK arose to criticize riatters, and the neiibers, after 
a lively dispute, passed a:;propriate resolutions. It v/as decided that in 
the future, at every rr.eeting, besides a recital and sinsin;:, there sliould also 
be read a sketch, l.r. J. 'ahajkie'.icz agreed to prepare a sketch for the ne:x-t 

^fter sin^jinr "oeszcze rolska^* (rolund Is llot Lost), the :aenbers adjourned, 
feeling: the eveninr spent very con-enially and profitably. 




II E 1 a 

:i 5 1 c (2) 


".C'lp. , Vol. II, "o. 47, ::.;v. ?", 1-.P2 


lAipA ,.•1! .* \ iv-: . '.-.,-., 

I!r» Koav/eiy Jzar.vj.nka, s. . jle, riade lumerou^ r'.'_:2)-:^a'anoe:i- lasL v;eel: at 
the varicUo oonocrls lield iij the Central Mu::lo Iiall. 

Til?* public ".vao ';artiouIurlv' enra^^tured v;ith Pclich rnusio and dance 


11 B 1 a ^'-'^-'-•^H 

11 B 1 c 13) 

11 A 3 b Uziennik Chicanoskl . riov. 10, 1892. 


The i^^ov/icki brothers Orchestra will rive a concert this evening at the ^ 
school hall of St. Stanislaus Kostka Jr^arish, v;here a Polish fair is now in ^ 
progress. The program will be as follows: ^ 

1. !/:arch, from "Tannhaeuser" '^^* -/agner 

2. 'Tight Cavalry Overture*' R* '^'^n Suppe 

3. "Thousand and One Nights , " ":altz J • Strauss 

4. Excerpts from the Polish opera 'Talka" S. Lloniuszko 

5 . "Poet and Peasant Overture" ^ • ^^n Suppe 

The public is cordially invited to attend the concert and the fair. 




II D 10 

Dziennlk Ghicafroski , July 12, 1B92. 

0T^:!12A I!T A RCCM 

A lover of music, who wishe.s to assist the Polish 'Velfare Association v/ith 
his simple talent, intends to conduct several operatic recitals at his home. 
The plan of these recitals is as follov/s: Cn a certain designated day of 
the week the lovers of music, who wish to become acquainted v/ith the contents 
of a certain opera, will meet et the home of the conductor of these recitals 
who, while he plays excerpts at the piano, v/ill at the same time narrate the 
libretto of the opera. 

Tlie admission to these recitals amounts to onlv tv/enty-five cents and the 
entire income (irrespective of the incidental exT)enses which will be sustained 
by the sponsor himself) will be ^-iven to the administration of the Polish 
V/elfare Association. 

These recitals will be conducted only in the event that twenty people will ..-^^^^ 

[ ^. m. c 

II 3 1 a 
II D 10 

- 2 - 

Dzlennlk Chlca/^oski , Jul.- 12, 1892. 


come evidencing a desire to hear the music. Also, the sponsor cannot ac- 
comodate more than twenty people in his small room. 

For the present the series of recitals v/ill cover the eight following operas: 
Beethoven* s 'Tidelio,^* Bellini* s ''Norma," Donizetti *s ^'Lucrezia Borgia," 
(sic), Flotow's "I^artha," !:ozart*s "I'agic Flute," Rossini's "The Barber of 
Seville," Verdi* s "Trovatore" and V/eber's "Der Freischutz". 

The newspaper Dziennik Chicagoski will accept all those who apply to hear 
one or more of these recitals. AT)plications mav be made only until the 
sixteenth of this month inclusive. 

Other Polish periodicals in Chicago are cordially requested to repeat this 
advertisement. Each recital will last approximately tv;o hours, from eight 
until ten o'clock in the evening. 

Ill B 2 

II B 1 a ^ -1 

j Zeoda . Vol, II, No. 13, Maroh 30, 1892 1 J, '^?^. Jf// 


Dear lovers of singing: Wishing you would all belong to the singing 
organization Chopin* looated in Qiioago, the ohoir and organization of 
Polish Singers in ^erioai Be kind cuid partake in the lessons in singing» 
Tuesday evenings * 8 to 9 P. M#, at the hall of Mr» T« Nalepinski* Chapin 
and Noble streets • You people have now the best possibility to learn and 
train your voices with the help and support of the Polish Singers* Orgeoi* 
ization of Amerioa* 

After allf the parents should take the responsibility in urging their 
sons who have reached 17 years to belong to suoh a useful institution* suoh 
as this organization of singing* It is a noble and useful work given to the 
reviving and elevating of Polish songs* 

From the sort of youth who interests himself heart and soul in Polish 
songs* we shall have real Poles and citizens* 


Zeoda, Maroh 30, 1892 '.. ,,v& ^-i 

So I urge and beg the directors of all various organized Polish choirs 
in America that they should care to devote their time in uplifting the art 
of singing in the same manner. By working together we have already enriched 
ourselves with our songs and music • 

God gave ust even here in America, such famous people in the field of 
art as our fellow composers and Polish artists doctor of music Anthony 
Kontskit Buffalo, N. !•; and Professor Titus Ernesti, of Oticat N# Y. These 
artists composed a very remarkable ccuitata for the 100th anniversary of the 
constitution of May 3, 1791, in Polcuid* 

II B 1 a 

I G 


Dziennik Clhica oski , Jaii. 25, 1892. 

NO:;iCKI 3.-<0TH^a3» 30II3ERT :^GSr7:^3 POOR oUPPOHT 

Chicago Poles apparently lave not as 3^et cultivated a taste for classical 
and semi-classical r.iusic/ f or the first Liusical concert in tliis series 
by the Nowicki orotiiers, v/as poorly support o^d. The -olish Hall v/as void 
of the crowd it harbored only a v;eek before. It is unfortunate that 
this happened to this fine ore,anization. They have always been ardent 
JuppLi*ters of every Polish movement and have always r:iven their services 

The financial outcome of this concert v;as not promising. 


II B 2 g 

III A Dziennik Ghicagoski , Dec. 26, 1891. 


The newly organized Polish singing society i^"'ilarets will hold its first 
social and educational gathering tomorrow night at .^^ Nalepinski^s Hall, 
543 Noble Street. 

The object of this society is to foster education and preserve the purity 
of the Polish language among its members. In order to attain its object, 
the society will hold gatherings from time to time. At these gatherings 
educational lectures will be given and the program will be diversified by 
vocal and instrumental music, recitations, etc. There v;ill be two lectures 
at tomorrow night's gathering. Each member may bring two friends as guests. 
At this meeting, officers of the society will be chosen and new members will 
be accepted, translator's note. This society still exists. It combined 
in 1932 with the Polish singing society Dudziarz, changing its name to 



II B 1 a 


Illinois rtauts 7eitunr. Oct. 26, 1891. 

poLi'-n :;i.;gj:i,i. 

k splendid concert was givan lust nirht at t/io .'als.i'G Hall, rilvvaukoe Avenue by 

the United Polish ^!en»s ':hoirG. The follov/in, iiololGts -iiii ^^\i\^rs froni I.'ilwaukee 

and Madison, Msconsin took part: Mikitcreslci, "^cnbrov/f^lci, "lodr-ki, "alleck, '.'ojen- 

The program contained amon^- other numbers, a •'"antata by T, '"^riiosti, and tae polonais 
by Muenchener. The Chopin and Harmony Club from ^'ilv/aukee, rend.^red national .son^s. 

II B la 
IITB 3 a 

The Chicago Tribune , Mar. 13, 1891. 



Nr'A M.L ^rr : 


The United Polish Singers of America gave a banquet at the Palmer House last 
evening in honor of the prize cantata in the musical contest just closed^ 

May 3rd will mark the 100th anniversary of the adoption of the Polish consti- 
tution, and to celebrate the event the Polish singers of America decided to 
give a large cash prize to the composer of the best cantata. 

Profs. Hajis Balatka, J. Ferck, N. Ledschowski, A. Seebaxim, and K. Ifellek were 
the judges appointed to decide which was the best among the thirty odd com- 
positions offered. Their decision was announced yesterday. 

The rest of the program comprised an address by President K. Mallek of Madison; 
a talk on "The United Singers of America", by the Hon. E. I. Slupecke of Mil- 
waukee; "Poland", by S. Nicki of Chicago; "An erica. Our Adopted Coimtry", by 
P. Kiolbassa of Chicago; and "The Constitution of May 3, 1791", by E. Z. Biodowski 
of Chicago. 

Songs were rendered by the chorus of United Singers, the Chopin Qjoartette, Har- 
monia Quartette of Milwaukee, and Gustav Wojnicke. 

II E 1 a - 2 - POLISH 

III B 3 a 

The Chicago Trlbxine t Mar» 13 , 1891* 

^ . r * 

« ;^ '_ . , « • , .' )i . 

The guests nximbered one-hundred and comprised the leading Poles of this sec- 

The Judges awarded the first prize to Tytus Ernesti of Utica, H« Y«^ for the 
cantata Tfam na Wschodzi^Gwiazdka Swi^i" (In the East the Bright Star Glit- 
ters) * The judges were Hans Balatka, John Perck, !• A* Seehaum, N. Ledschowski, 
and Anthony Mallen* 

Zgoda , Polish National Alliance, Vol. IX, No. 18, April 30, 1890 

TOWN NKTS V/FA ('LL,) »;^ijj..-)0::?e 

Lest Sunday a concert was given at She enhof fen's Hall by the Chopin Singing 
Society, the Harmony Society of ?.'ilwaiiJcee, and the I.IONIUSZKO choir of Chicago. 
The attendance was so great that inany of the people had to stand. It was one 
of the finest concerts held at this hall» 

The Polish people shov/ed their true spirits by their attendance, and gave 
their heartiest support to the youngsters representing the different choirs 
in singing the Polish songs of our native land# The complete reports of this 
concert cannot be given at the present time because it v-ras not completed by 
the time this article was sent to the press. 

The blessings bestowed upon these young Polish singers was due to them with 
all respect; to give them that credit which is honorably theirs thanks to 
their magnificent 7/ork# 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 

Zgoda. Vol. VIII, No. 31, June Zi>, 1889. 

POLISH '.^ ■? 


Poles scattered in this American land, are devoting their time and talent to 
various pursuits. Other nationalities, seeing us busy like ants, admit that we 
are also people, and have strength, a soul, and possess a great ability, some- 
times even greater than theirs. .Te can convince ourselves with facts that we 
hold great interest in all branches of industry and in numerous events. In 
order to continue to aid ourselves morally and materially, the Poles have built 
and continue building churches, schools, establishing various public and church 
organizations, also the necessary activities in singing. 

What is dearer to a person if not a song? How wonderful it is sometimes to 
watch in the early morning the lark ascending to the heavens and its Creator, 
singing a hymn of adoration and praise. In watching a thing of this sort, does 
it not urge every person to confine his thoughts and heart to God? If not, well, 
an evil one knows nothing of a song. Our Polish anthems, like every other branch 
of arts, had difficulties in staying on their feet, or one might say ^'tracks.'* 
We saw how the organizations of singers ipobb and fell, frequently from the lack 
of support, or from lack of funds and Polish tunes* 

-2- POLISH \0j <i' 

Zgoda. Vol. VIII, No. 31, June 2^, 1889 


Everything was quiet, as if everybody was sleeping. It looked as if the Poles 
did not know how to sing. 

It was quiet and sad — until a few years ago a couple of these organizations, 
which were subject to the feeling of failure, re-organized themselves on a new 
and stronger Toundation and created "The Organization of Polish Singers in 
America. •* This was started and did not lack strength because there is plenty 
of it, especially upon this large American land, if only every one wanted to 
sincerely help and lend a helping hand and work for the benefit of this organization. 
Our aim is: 

To rise, and wake the nation's soul by our Polish song, to acquaint the nation 
with the creations of our artists, as on an occasion held before on the first 
concert that had taken place in Chicago in the month of Ivlay 1889, Another aim is 
to be supporters for these new creations pertaining to music, by donations and 
increasing our fund for this aim. 

So for this reason, then, our organization of Polish singers in Aj:nerica requests 
all other existing organizations to join us and work together, bringing praise 
to the Polish names. As for others, iftio do not yet belong to any such kind of 
an organization, and feel capable of singing, -should join an existing singers 
organization, and help aid together this one large Polish Singers' Organization 
in America. 

-3- POLISH / 

J ■' ■ 


Zgoda. Vol. VIII, No. 31, June 3£^ 1889. 

J At the first concert sponsored by Organized Polish Singers Of America, held 
in Chicago, there were represented three choirs: The Chopin Singers^ 
Organization as the first; the Ilarmonia Or'^anized Singers as second; and the 
Z. S. ?• Choir from Milwaukee as third. 

Which organization shall be the fourth choir? He hope that in the future 
gathering of singers in Milwaukee, there will be at least ten choirs represented. 

\0 (^.'/ 


5 ♦'^ 


B. Avocational <Sc intellectual 
!• Aesthetic 
c. Theatrical 
(1) Drama 

-. f 

• V 

t • 




< \ '■* f' 

II 3 1 c (1 ) POLISH 

II B 1 d 

Dziennik Ziednoczenia , llay 8, 1929. 


Hot neaning ourselves, kind reader, but that is the title of the play that 
is to be presented by the Holy Trinity Literar:7 Circle on I.Iay 12th at the 
nev7 Holy I'rinity Auditorium, "/jn I Intruding?" is a thoroughly Modern 
mystery comedy causing laughter galore, and just chock-full of suspenses 
and thrills. It is different from all other mj/'stery plays in that you 
knov; the villian from the start, and the mystery is revealed. But in this 
case v;e dare not disclose it until Sunday night. 

The cast consists of some of the best amateurs for v;hoi: the circle is 
prominent, and that includes Aurelia Dobkov/ski, i.'alter Llerchut , Pauline 
'.Vilkowski Joseph, Theodore Slisz, Aurelia Jankov/ski, Joseph Gorski, Sophie 
Kuta, Stanley Jakubczak, Llatt V/oscinski, and P^elen Kosturkiewkz. 

The direction of the play is in the able charge of Aiss Florence Praczukov:- 
ski, v/ell knovm for her versatility in dramatics. 

II 3 1 c (1 ) - 2 - P0LI3K 

II B 1 d 

Dziennik Ziednoczenia, I.iay 8, 1929. 

The action of the play hinges around the efforts of IIor&.ce Vare, a wealthy 
business inan, to keep froiii beinf frozen out of t' o Bluebird I.:otors Corpo- 
ration in v/iiich he is the principal stockholder. Blair Hoover, an adventurer, 
acquires sovie notes of Vare v/hen the latter is ohort of cash, and threatens 
to ruin hiiu unless he will sell his Bluebird stock at a lov; firnire. 

Throughout the entire play the rapid action brings about one situation 

after another in vrhich are nin^^led thrills and laurhs. The conedv is natural, 

not forced, and the interest is well sustained to the final curtain. 

^Aia I Intruding?^* as played by the Literary Circle ijiateurs brin^ a new and 
distinctive type of play into the non-professional field. An invitation is 
extended to the readers of this paper and their friends to attend the 
Literary Circle presentation. 

II B 1 (1) 

II B 1 d •-, 

I K /i 



Dziennik Zjednoczenia . October 27, 1928 » . 


On November 11th, the University group will make its public appearance and will 
show evidence of it?^ Drosx^erous and succef?sful existence by sT)on<?orin^ a theatrical 
party and dance. The Upsilon Gamma Sorority is an organization of which the members 
are women of Polish descent and have attended a university* Thus, its membership is 
composed of physicians, lawyers, dentists and school ter--: ers; and students who are 
now attending classes with a view of entering the professional field after graduation. 

From this intelligent group which holds future leaders lor our T^eople, and after a 
most painstaking selection and preparation, only the finest type of entertainment, 
may be expected. It is, then, no wonder that all of the social ftmctions sponsored 
by this group in the past have met with complete success, and excited envy in other 

This program is arranged in a manner which will amaze the attending public. Further 
details will appear in the next issue of this publication. 

II B 1 c (1) Dzi^nnik Zjednoczenla, M arch 5th, 1928. 


The Polish Players, composed of men and women, who staged the "Polish Wedding" so 
successfully a few months hack, have organized themselves into a permanent club. 
The following officers were nominated and elected: Mr. Piotrowski, President, 
Mr. J. Dutt, Vice President, Edward Piotrowski, Secretary, Mrs. P. Ohelski, Treasurer 

Meetings are held on Wednesday of each week; also on the first Wednesday of each 
month there will be a general meeting. The Polisa Players have started work on 
a new play which will be in progress in a few weeks. Although the club has not, 
as yet, become a large family. Just watch its future. Any one wishing to Join us 
and become a member of our club, is cordially invited to attend our meetings. Your 
presence will be welcome. 

Miss Hamner is the director of our club, and Mr. Drzymala. - is the assistant who 
will lend his capable assistance in making our vla,y a success. If you want to be- 
long to a 100^ club, join the Polish Player's Club. 

II B 1 c (1) 

Dziennik Chicag-oskl , Jan. 11, 1928. 

FRCLl CHAGIN ( ^ ^l/\ ol 

Last Sunday, January 8, the Dramatic Circle presented a popular Polish 
play, "Dwie Sieroty" (Two Orphans), to a capacity audience at the parish 

It was pleasant to note that there were no interruptions during the 
presentation, which v/as short and to the point, not a drawn out al'fair. The 
actors had been v/ell chosen. Joseph Kamedulski, ably supported by John 
Miklasz, Anna Jakubowska, Sophia Ivlalincwska , and Frances Chmielecka, was 
excellent in his interpretation of the crippled "Peter". Among others who 
distinguished themselves for their excellent acting were V/illiam Rentflejsz 
and Miss /mgelica Larkiewicz. 

During some parts of the play, the amateurs looked too often toward the 
director • It is sad to admit it, but some of our people spoil the presenta- 
tion of our amateur plays by laughing at the wrong time — that is, whenever 

II B 1 c (1) 

-- 2 ^ 

Dziennlk Chicap.oski , Jan. 11, 1928. 


a highly dramatical point of a play is reached. This is excusable among 
children, uut in this case the older people are guilty. Such action spoils 
the effect the author, as well as the players, desires to give; it hurts 
not only a large part of the audience, which recognizes such efforts, but 
the amateurs as well. It is timely to recall that old saying: "An insane 
person can be told by his laughter." 

II B 1 c (1) 
II B 1 a 
II B 2 g 

Dziennlk Z.jednoczenia. Feb. 21, 1927. 


jsiVi '^^'-i/ - •'- 

\^' .' ^ J^ a 'w' 

That the members of the Polish Dramatic Club Ognisko, in Brighton Park, are very- 
active can be Droved by their very interesting and educational meetrAgs, which are 
held every Friday night. These meetings are held at the Polish Home of Freedom, 
46th and Mozart St., and are called literary evenings. 

These evenings are not only very artistic but also educational. They are composed 
of musical numbers, vocal and instrumental*^ such as solos and duets, als?o the reciting 
of poems, reading selections from famous Polish authors. Quite often humorous 
mon'Ologaes are recited. Besides this, every dramatic evening is concluded by a 
very interesting lecture either on Polish literature or history. 

At the last dramatic evening, which was held on the 14th of Feb^,the following urogram 
was staged: Opening, violin solo by Miss G. Jelen, with a piano accompaniment by her 
sister Miss Mary Jelen, who plsiyed, The Danube Waves. Miss Irene Fetter, who is the 
yooingest member of this club, sang Laleczko Ma, a Polish folk song. This was followed 
by a poetical monologue Sztajer, recited by Miss Eveline Meger. The next number was 
a solo which was sung by Miss Sylvia Wcislo; she was greatly applauded. The program 
was continued by a short talk by Mr. A. Guzdek on Ballads of Mickiewicz, which was 
followed by the piano number, The Fairy Wedding Waltz ana The Wayside Rosetidiich received 


II B 1 c (1) 
i II B 1 a 

II B 2 g 
' Dziennlk Zjednoczenia , Feb. 21, 1927. V,.'. v*^-^' 

a great applause. There were also other beautiful numbers. The program was 
concluded by a song. 


II B 1 c (1) 
II B 1 a 

IV Dziennik Z.iedoczenia . Vol, XXVI, No. 259, Nov. 4, 1922, 

II D 10 /.^^ ^ \ 


Not quite thirty years ago the artistic life of our Polish colony in ''^^ 
Chicago began to bud* 

Truly its first and most powerful foundation wjs the organizing of the 
Dramatic Circle in St, Stanislaus Parish where S. Zahajkiewicz, who died 
a few years ago, took active part* These was the beginnings of the 
reflection of Polish art, popular and historical, from the life of Polish 
Knighthood. Later ^here began to sprout up as quickly (as they say) as 
mushrooms after rain, other dramatic and singing groups* About fifteen years 
ago we saw the organization of the Polish Peoples Theatre, Appearances 
of artistic groups, composed of well chosen amateurs met with remarkable 
success. Elegant and well worked out productions of Polish writers were 
presented not only in the heart of the Polish sections but there was also 
presented the work of Adam idickiewicz "Granzny" in downtown Chicago* 

II B 1 c (1 ) 
II B 1 a 

- 2 - 


Dziennik Z.iedoc2enia » Nov. 4, 1922o 

Before the Polish Peoples Theatre began to earnestly make appearances 
the enateurs of the Dramatic Circle in St. Stanislaus Parish had 
already presented the "Wars zawianka" at the Audit oriiiin Theatre for 
the cause of the flood sufferers in Warsaw. Following that the pro- 
duction "l^dejowe Loze" under the direction of S* Zahajkiewicz, was 
presented in the former Schiller Theatre now the Garrick. The P'^oples 
Theatre with its good beginning did not last lone due to the lack of 
a good director • After this period, the singing groups began more 
energetic appearances and Polish song resounded in all the corners 
of our Polish colonies. 


II B 1 c (1) POLISH 

I A 2 a 

Dzlennik Chicagoskl , Jan. 25, 1922* 


On last Sunday, January 22, the alxirani of St. Ivlary of the Angels' School, 
celebrating the fifth anniversary of its foundation, presented a play in 
the parish hall* The organizing committee was disappointed because the 
hall was not filled to overflowing with spectators. This can be ascribed 
to the extremely cold weather that gripped our city last Sunday. 

The play began at the appointed hour, without any delay. The alumni pre- 
sented a musical comedy, ^'Like li/Iaster, Like Man,** based on American life, 
translator's note: Here follows a list of the names of the amateur actors, 
nine men and six women, with the roles which they played^^ 

All the actors played their parts splendidly. It was evident that there is 
much good dramatic material in this gruup, from which some splendid actors 
may be developed. The singing was faultless; in short, the whole performance 
pleased the audience immensely. 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 

I A 2 a 

Dziennik Chica^oski ^ Jan. 25, 1922. 

The alumni association of St. Mary^s parish should give such theatrical pre- 
sentations Biore frequently, since they educate the youth in the native ^olish/^ 
language and deTelop their aesthetic feeling and love of art# The stage 
director was Mr* Anthony Dobrzanski* 

II B 1 c (1) POLISH 

Dzlennik Chlcagoski , Dec. 6, 1921. 


Last Sunday, December 4, the Dramatic Club of the parish of St. Stanislaus 
3. M. , in Cragin, presented a variety program at the parish hall. A one- 
act farce **False Address" and a five-aoene musical canedy "Three Rogues" 
filled the entertainment bill. All who v;er ^ present experienced a treat 
which will long be remembered. 

jf £• Borowinski, orgnnist from St. Hyacinth's Parish, played the piano 
accompaniment. The singing was directed by F. Pawlowski and the directors 
of both plays were W. J. Hentflejsz and L. Czosek. 

The same program was presented for the school children of the parish, 
earlier in tlie day. 

Actors of this draiiatic club are willing to repeat their performances, but 
it must be for a benevolent deed. If there is any society or organization 




II B 1 C (1) - 2 - POLISH 

Dzlennlk Chicagoskl , Dec. 6, 1921. 

wishing to take advantage of this offer and willing to sponsor some kind, 
charitable progra'.i, the Cragin amateur actors will be willing; to do their 
share without any cost« 


II B 1 c (1) POLISH 


Dziennlk Z¥rlazkowy , June 18, 1918» 


The excellent comedy by Alexander Fredro, *Tan Geldhab,'* was presented last 
Saturday evening at the Polish Women's Alliance hall# The play was directed 

by the well-known amateur director, K. Wachtel* It must be admitted that he 7 

made every effort, and that the presentation was a splendid one, for in >[ 

general the play was a success* Of course, there were shortcomings, but it ' 
is difficult to avoid these, in view of the fact that the actors were amateurs* 

In spite of everything, they played better than some professionals* ^ 

Wachtel himself was excellent in the title role, and we are convinced that no 
one could have equalled him as Geldhab. He proved by his acting that he is 
an experienced amateur and that he possesses capabilities rarely found here in 
America* K* Easperek was excellent in the role of the Major; he showed this 
time that he possesses real talent for the stage, and that he is constantly 
improving. His appearance as the Major vvas his best thus for« It must be 
admitted that either the role fitted him perfectly or that he fitted the 

II B 1 C (1) - 2 - POLISH 


Dzlennlk Zwlazkowy , June 18, 1918. 


Miss Z. Jawdrowski played the feminine lead very well* As Flora, daughter "^ 
of Geldhab, she had her better and her weaker moments, but, in general, her ^ 
performance was good, revealing an understanding of the role to such an extents 
that, for an amateur performance, we might well say that it was perfect • ^ 

J. Ifeciejewski, as the Prince, gave a fine performance. It could be seen that 
he was trying his best to do justice to so difficult a role as that of the ste^n, 
gouty old prince* Krzywonos also played quite well, but his stiffness kept 
him from being a good lover. 


Scholl, as "Lisiewicz,** and Gorzynski, as ^'Piorko,** turned in good performances. 
Gorzynski showed himself to be a good amateur who can improve with a little 


II B 1 C (1) - 3 - POLISH 


Dziennik Zwlazkowy , June 18, 1918. 

As a whole, the play was well done and, to all appearances, the audience was 

Unfortunately, the public did not support the production as well as was to 
be expected, since the play was given for the benefit of the Polish boys in 
the American Army. What the reason for this was is difficult to guess. Admis- 
sion may have been too high, or the weather too hot. To tell the truth, 
theatrical performances are not well attended during the warm summer months, 
but a play for so splendid a cause should have been better supported. 


II B 1 c (1 ) POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III E Dzlennlk Zwlazkowy . Feb. 14, 1918. 



I will not write here of the activity of the Polish young people who are 
members of the Promien Society, and who are so full of energy and desire for 
nationalistic work — youth of ardent Polish heart and soul — their deeds speak 
for themselves* Their splendid ten-year record, from which a hopeful future 
can be predicted, is marked by many successes in the Society's field of en- 
deavor, the last being its tenth anniversary program, of which I would like 
to write a few words. 



The recitation of Mary Kbnopnicka*s •♦Pred Sadem*' (Before Justice), by Mrs. 

B. Wojtowlcz^ was beautiful indeed. Her diction and the melodic rhjrthm of ^"^ 

the poem combined to make a beautiful nidiole, striking the ear pleasantly like 

the song of a lark in our Polish fields, ?diile the great thought of our 

poetess flowed straight to the heart; before the judge *8 final pronouncement 

was made, one knew that the Just man would decide that instead of courts 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III E Dzlennik Zwlazkowy, Feb. 14, 1918, 

the people need enlightenment. 

As to the classical music played by Mr. Orzada on the violin, I can only 
repeat what has already been said publicly in Chicago by our well-known singer, 
Thaddeus Wronski, that if we want our people to love music, we must give them ^ 
the music they understand — ;^olis^ folk tunes; for our music and songs are § 
second to none in the world. 



More understandable and more in keeping with polish/ character was the piano 

solo played by Mr. Fifielski, even though it was Liszt's ••Rhapsody" that he ^ 

played. His rendition was beautiful. Please believe me that, although there 

were very few people in the hall who knew music, the collective soul of the ^ 

gathering was not mistaken, and demonstrated its feelings in a storm of applause. 

•Hie same can be said of the splendid Philaret Chorus. Mr. Hybowiak is gather- 
ing well-deserved laurels for his •'Marsz Sojowy** (Battle March). "Piesn 
Bandytow** (Song of the Bandits) was also very beautiful. It is too bad, how- 
ever, that the chorus was not adequately prepared to sing it. 

II B 1 c (1) - 3 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III E Dzlennlk Zwiazkowy > Feb, 14, 1918. 

And now for the real attractions of the evening: the drama "Czyja V/ina?** 
{tfVhose Fault?) by Henryk Sienkiewicz and the excerpt from the third part of 
^'Dziady*' (Forefathers' Sve) by Adam Mickiewicz, 

In the drama '^Czyja -Vina," J»!rs ./• .Vachtel and K. Kasperek played their respective 

parts splendidly. Mrs. ..achtel played with real artistry and abandon, with a ^ 

complete understanding of her role. Mr. Kasperek characterized perfectly the ^ 

dignified type of man v*io takes life and all its manifestations seriously, ^ 

who does not understand trifling with that sacred emotion called love. The jif 

good impression was a little spoiled, however, by his overemphasized motions ^ 

of despair. A man of stern character should have been able to conceal his ^ 
feelings more, even though his heart were breaking. 

But then the drama itself is such a strange entanglement on the psychological 
aspect of **whose fault?**, that two young lives passed within reach of happi- 
ness and did not see the opportunity. 

In the play, a young artist falls in love with a beautiful and wealthy girl. 
They are happy until he becomes jealous. His jealousy is entirely without 


II B 1 C (1 ) - 4 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III E Dziennlk Zwlazkowy , Feb. 14, 1918, 

foundation but leads to their separation through a misunderstanding; 

thpou^ the ambiguity of her words when, in answer to his charges, she 
says that *'she gives more than she gets«^ She is thinking of love when she 
says this, \pdiile he understands it as an allusion to his i)07erty, and leaves 
her without a word* She waits in vain for his return and finally, to ^avenge 
herself upon him and upon her oiim self she marries conventionally. Her life 
is empty and pointless; he devotes the rest of his to art. 

In general, the first act of the third part of Mickiewicz's *»Dziady" turned ^3 
out well. At first, there was a certain confusion and imcertainty among the p 
players — stage fright, forgetting of lines — but the actors soon fell into 
their parts and played well to the end. 

Especially deserving of recognition for good acting, for feeling their parts, 
were, first of all, K. //ojtowicz as **Sobolewski" and K. Wachtel as Conrad.'' 
L. Paluszek, F. Scholl, K. Jedlinski, and K. Rasperek also played well. The 
strongest impression on the audience was made by the relating of the terrible 
nationcd tragedy, the exile of Polish youth to Siberia. The powerful and 


II B 1 c (1) - 5 . POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III E Dzlennik Zwlazkowy , Feb. 14, 1918. 

tragic voice of Wojtowicz echoed in the hearts of the audience and 
many an eye glistened with tears. 

The members of Promien picked an appropriate time to present this excerpt 
from one of our literary masterpieces. In truth, every heart beat with one 
feelinp, and there was but one thoiight in the minds of the hundreds present: 
that Russia is now paying for all the crimes of the Czarist regime; those who 
once oppressed Poland wDuld now gladly hide in the smallest mouse-hole. 

The poet ••Konrau" was splendidly played by K. .Vachtel; especially good was his 
delivery of the lines: 

•'Zemsty! ZemstyM Na ^'rogal 
•*Z Bogiem — chocby mimo Bogal*' 
(Vengeance! Vengeancel On to the enemy • . 
With God — or even despite God!). 

How our thoughts connected this with our present relations with the modern 
Knights of the Cross! 

II B 1 c (1) - 6 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III E Dzlennlk Zwlazkowy , Feb. 14, 1918. 

The predictions of our genius ^ickiewiczT* are being jfulf illed. It 
was he who spoke of God as sowing the seed and the devil plowing it 
under until God's crop grew up. The Polish hearts that have been plowed 
under by Czarism and Kaiserism are now growing up. '3 

Members of Promien! Give us more such spiritual treats. 

/sj Zaklikiewicz 


II B 1 c (1) POLISH 

III 2 

Dziennik Zvviazkovr/ , Llay 9, 1917. 


Last Sunday eveiiiiiG, Divioion 18 of the PoliiUi Youth Society presented the 

play, ^Tajennica Chaty '.ViejsKiej'* (Mystery of the Peasant Cottage) at the 

T. Slonacki Kail. The play is a three-act musical coir.edy based on peasant ^ 

life. The play as a whole was well acted, ana air-one the leading- roles the "^ 

following deserve special mention: ^!iss Regina Olkiewicz as Kasia, I^'rs, 

P. Lesniewicz as Lrzakalina, :.:r. Joseph V/robel as Brzakala, and I/'r. Bo.^mlski 

as the organist. Those havinr rrdnor roles also per-forrried their parts well. 

The play drew a large audience '.;hich filled the hall, thereby assuring the 

Society of a financial success for their efforts. 

llr. B. V/roclawski*s orchestra supplied the music for the play, and Uv. Anthony 
Dobrzanski not only directed the play but also suv::lied the costumes for it. 



c (.-) 

V O «-, 
J.J i^ <J. 



..ast Juiida;; 

^ • -, • 

\.:ic ..roazi:in.:i i.i.:rary 

rcsGiitcd a:: intGrcstiiis historical 
draina i:: I'our acts aiic. Tivo oCOIxCG e-...itLeci '\.oj:ia ^z::ec.z::opolska^^ (Tl-e xoiisli- 
,^v;edisli .;ar) at rula/:::i l/ill, 43oi-oc Jout". Tl.roop -.-i^rcct. 

I'lie i:)lav, for :--n ainateur -:e-Vor..a::c6, car.e out rattier v;g11, althoucli sl.ort- 

L.av be cliar-:ed up to t:ie fact t; 

ii:3oli only to tue pcrfovvfiance oi oiio-aco p^ayn, i: 
acters appeal', and not 


> > I ^ ~ r 



lGv; cjiar- 

-^ r> .-^ +• .'^ "^^ 

-. - i-»i 


dCGGi^/es rocoaiitio:! xv.>i* \...c succe^::ciu_ pre 

so s:::all a sisape. ..r,'jiiy wO.;r'j:nis-.i, ov;:iGr of a costuirie 3...op-at 

.,705 .;. ictli rlace, oupplied appropriate coSo^i::iog x'or t..c play. _r. J. 

i:alkcv;o::i*G orcacsura ouppliod t.^o ::U:;ic Por ^liO Gocial dancing* waicli follov:ed 

tliG ^jlay. 




II B 1 c (1) POLISH 

II B 1 c (S) 

II B 1 a Dziennik Zwia...kowy, V.ay 5, 1917. 


The St. Cecelia Choral Society last Sun:iay i^resented an air^teur theatrical per- 
formance, to^'ether with singing:, dancing;, and a bazaar. The All Saints* Parish 
Hall was filled to capacity and many people had to be turned away due to lack 
of room. The first part of the evening's progran consisted of a lively one-act 
coraedy entitled "Slowiczek** (Little l^ightingale) • In this play, Iviss II. Erze- 
zinski in the role of Zosia, the flov/er girl, displayed unusual talent. She 
was ably supported by J. l.owak in the role of the gardener. 

In the second part of the program, I'Ass l\. Eiba danced a Spanish dancie and sang, 
acconpanied by Liss A. Liba. The third part of the prof:rari cosisted of two 
very lively comedies entitled ''Zywe lioTki^ (Live Bags) and '^Kichajace Llaszyny" 
(I.'achines that Sneeze). In the plays the following persons showed ability: 
Miss M. Singer, in the role of Iv'agda, and L:r. i:. Sobaczynski, in the role of 
Jedrzej the farm owner — although the rest of the cast played rather well. L'r. 
G. F. Biba, organist of this parish, directed the plays. In a v/ord, the evening 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - FCLISH 

II B 1 c (2) 

II B 1 a Dziennik ?.wiazk:ov/y , I.^ay 5, 1917 • 

was a complete success in every respect, and all numbers on the progran were 
applauded enthusiastically^ 

At the request of the public, these plays will be repeated at the All Saints* 
Parish Hall on Sunday Hay 20, at 7:30 ?• K. 

II B 1 c (1) 


Dziennik Zv;iazlov>7, At)r. 27, 1917. 

AI.JVOJR TK^lXnaOA^o 111 3'R1L<}:^03^ 

Last Sunday, April 22, ookol rols]:! i*o. 8 of the Alliance of x^olish Jalcons 
presented a hui.iorou3 three-act conedy, entitled "Ilachna, or I.:ilosc d x^a 3^ 

L^ajatku" (i-jathie, or Love for Lloney) , at .i. Lliczlcwics^s hall, 351C South ^ 

Morgan Street. p 

( — 

The plaj?", as a whole, out rather vjel3 , thouch one could notice fright- -o 
ened glances in the direction of the prcnipter's box and lack of assurance 2 
on the part of the actors, lit. '.7. Buciak, jn the role of "Jan," gave the lo 
best performance of the evening. I.j:. J. Iiav;iylev;icz, in the role of "iB'rank," [^ 
LIr. L:. IIawryle\ncz, as the Jew "liDsiek," Lj?s, rcnczek, as "Dorothy," and ^ 
Lirs. S. Bauer, as "i^achna," gave adequate performances. Other roles, as 
those of "Stanley," "Itose," and "Jacob," were not bad. The play was fol- 
lov:ed hj dancing to the Lunec of LIr. Gzeslawski*s orchestra. Lir. ilawr^''- 
lewicz, the director, deserves praise for the success of the play. 

II B 1 c (1) POLISH 


Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Apr, 17, 1917. 


This is the name of iilichael Balucki's four-act conedy, which, after a great 
deal of effort, the Mloda Polska (Younc Poland) Society, Group 865 of the 
Polish National Alliance, presented on Sunday, April 15, at the Polish V/orrien*s 
Alliance Hall. 

The title of the play aptly describes the plot. The author takes us into the 
home of the Zabskis, where flirtation has become a serious problem. Here wives 
dissatisfied v/ith their husbands rouse the passions of light-minded men who en- 
joy themselves at someone else^s fireside. 

In a manner full of lively comedy and situations, the author pictures the faults, 
weaknesses and frivolity of erring people. By exposing them to deserved un- 
pleasantness, Balucki gives one to understand that a flirtation carried on with 
the wrong people is a fire which, because of its painful results, should always 


II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 


Dziennik Zv;iazkQwy , Apr. 17, 1917. 

be avoided. 

The characters in the play enter upon erring v/ays, but, on becoming conscious 
of their misdeeds, return to the straight and narrow path that leads to real 

The value of Balucki's "Flirtation" is great, in view of the noble moral it 
teaches. This moral can be condensed into a sentence: Live right and tear off 
the mask of illusion before your friends; do not, for the sake of your own 
pleasure, expose others to misfortune, and you will find life good* 

The Itiloda Folska Society, which, as we said at the beginning, presented 
"Flirtation" last Sunday after a great deal of effort, deserves recognition: 
first, because it has given the public not just another piece of fiddle-faddle, 
which unfortunately is always found in the majority of Polish performances, but 
a work possessing unquestioned value; second, because it has donated the pro- 
ceeds of the play to the fund to save the Polish National Museum in Rapperschwil, 

II B 1 c (1) - 3 - POLISH 


Dziennik Zwiazkowy , Apr. 17, 1917. 


As to the performance of the amateurs, it may be said that in general it was 
very good. The play as a whole, in spite of a few shortcomings that we will 
not mention here for lack of space, was better than the average amateur per- 
formances. The women* s roles, with a few exceptions, were well played. Special 
mention is due Mrs. Michalski, in the role of Sofia; Mrs. Lubicz, in the role of 
Adel; and Miss Hahn. The male members of the cast revealed more shortcomings 
than the women. The best performance was given by Mr. Jedlinski, who played 
excellently the role of "Flirtowski,'* a great connoisseur of the weaker sex. 
Mr. E. Scholl gave a rather good portrayal of the unfaithful husband. 

II B 1 c (1) - 4 - POLISH 


Dziennik Zwiazkowy > Apr. 17, 19 17. 

Miss Z. Lubicz, 

The play was ably directed by iir. W. Riegier. 

The stage settings v;ere made attractive by the paintings of L/Ir. A. 3arano;vski, 
a promising young painter. The paintings are the property of Mr. and Mrs. 

The play was followed by dancing, which lasted until 2:30 A. M. 

II B 1 c (1) POLIoH 


Dziennik Zvriazkowy , Apr. 11, 1917. 

Cn ij]aster Monday, April 9, the music o-literary society Pronien (Ray) presented 
a drarra by Julius Slov/acki, entitled r.'ary 3tuart", at the Polish .iomen's 
Alliance hall, 1309 North Ashland .v/enue. 

This play takes us back several centuries. .7e see a young beautiful, sensitive 
woman occupying the throne of Scotland, a v/oman brouglit up in luxury and excess, 
and therefore a queen of v/eak will. She is !.:ary Stuart. A series of figures 
circulate about her representing various shades of her feelia^':s and dreams. 
We see, therefore, Henry Darnley, her husband, Chancellor !.:orton, lutist Rizzio, 
the mysterious Bothwell, and further the manly Douglas, Lindsey, admirer of 
lions, the pa^re, Nick the jester, and the "wise" astrologer. 

The queen finds herself in a difficult situation. " At a time when the people 
are rebelling, when her husband suspects her, and when a strong will is needed 
most in order to control herself and her peoole, she indulges her caprices, 


II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 


Dzlennik :wiazlco\vy , Hr>r. 11, 1917. 

yielding to promptings of vanity and coquetry. 

Beginning v;ith the j;)a.r^e, burninr^ with almost childish love for her, up to 
the typically Byronic Dothvxell, all love her. -md she, like a spike of r^y'-e, 
turns first in one direction, then another, with every breath of the v/ind. 

The main axis of the play is the queen's love for Bothwell. iiverything 
circles around it. The queen, v/ho lias summoned Bothwell to a tryst, yields 
to him with straa^^e ease. She does not retreat, but continues on her dovm- 
ward path, until finally she becomes a criminal. Iiavin^ lost the principles 
of her faith, her queenly pride and self-respect, for worthless fancies, she 
considers herself the most unhappy woman in her kin.^dom. Her conscience 
reproaches her terribly. Under the dreaded vision of her future fate — 
imprisonment and punishment — she wants to retract the murder, but it is 
too late. 

The entire drama, presented by the amateurs of the Promien Society more or 

II 3 1 c (1) - 3 - POLISH 


Dziennik Zv;iazko'.vy, Aor. 11, 1917. 

less successfully, made a r-reat impression on the audience. .Everyone v/as 
completely convinced tliat only r^ood deeds can brin,^ neace and contentment. 

LIrs. ';]. ./achtel played the role of l.iary otuart. Her articulation, voice 
modulation, movements, understanding and feelinp- of the role made Lrs. .-• 
./achtel '5 performance very p:ood. If r.:rs. ./achtel were a little shorter 'l 
and looked a little younger — her characterization of L ary Stuart would have 
been excellent. 

The role of Henry Darnley, husband of the queen, a man unreasonably jealous 
and fanatical, was played by ::j^. Schcll, whom the public knows from several 
previous sta'-e a-nnearances. Durinr the ooeninr acts his perforraance did not 
create much of an impression on the audience, ^t v/as not until the fourth 
and fifth acts that the audience was able to reel satisfied. 

Despite considerable shortcoming's, primarily in the openinf^ scenes, I-lr. Scholl's 
role as a whole came out rather well. 

II B 1 c (1) - 4 - POLISH 


Dziennik Zv/iazkovr/ , apr. 11, 1917. 

!.:r* J. Urbanski, in the role of iworton, the dodderin/^ old Chancellor, per- 
formed his Dart in general rather well, althoup:h some gestures and the modu- 
lations of his voice in certain scenes were not in complete harmony with the 
character of the role. 

The role of the lutist was rather well played by LIr. K. Jedlinski, with an 
understanding of the oart and appropriate gestures and tone. The scene 
portraying the death of Rizzio in the "^ueen's chamber, in our opinion, was 
the best. 

Mr. K. D. Kasperek presented a typically Byronic Bothwell of mysterious mien, 
bitter smile, and scorn on his pale face interrupted by violent outbursts of 
passions and desires. This is an especially difficult role to portray. It 
takes a true artist to play it. Therefore, it is not surprising that Mr. 
Kasperek, who is one of the younger amateurs, and not an artist, was not uole 
to re-create the Bothwell Slov/acki had in mind. 


II B 1 c (1) - 5 - FQLISi: 


Dziennik Zwiazkovr,r , Apr. 11, 1917. 

Mr. K. V/ojtowicz played the role of Ijii^iit Douf^las to everyone's general 
satisfaction. In our opinion, he r;ave a better performance than in any of 
his previous appearances. 

The role of Lindsey, the ^,reat admirer of lions, made no definite impression. 
Some say that this was due to the fact that this part has not much meaning 
in the play itself; others, that i.:r. .^roble^.vski, who portrayed it did not ;, 
possess the necessary stature and voice wiiich Lindsey requires. .7e believe --^ 
that both opinions have much to recommend them. 

Miss I.I. Dach made a very charming appearance in the role of the pare. This 
role had a i^reat deal to do with li.^htenim' the tone of the entire play, ^ • 
thanks to the r.raceful firrure of the nar.e and skillful presentation. It would > 
be difficult to find a better ^ac'e among the amateurs and the followers of the 
stage in Chicago. 

And who was not enthusiastic about ::r. K. /KarolT .Jachtel's portrayal of Nick 

II B 1 c (l ) - 6 - POLISH 


Dziennik jv;iazkowy > .v^r. 11, 1917, 

the jester? It seemed to the audience th-dt i. r. ./achtel lived -ind breathed his 
clovminp; nart. In the ber-^^inninp; the jester created the i^Tipression of a 
mischivous imp, later he became r^entler, and finally roused the sympathy and 
feeling of the audience. In this T:)lay i. r. ..'acht^il deserves the palm in ever^^ 
respect, i.'evertheless, he deserves particular recognition for the scene 
portraying Nick's death. Parenthetically speaking;, it will not hurt to add 
that Ivlr. -vachtel v/as the director of ^-.'-ary otuart." 

7/e cannot oass over in silence ^-r. laluszek's Dortraval of the role of the 
terribly learned and serious astrolo^^er. Despite the monotony of his voice, 
Ivlr. Paluszek m.ade a rood imr)ression, and his role mav be ranked amon.^ the 
successful ones. 

"!.'ary otuart" is an unusuallv difficult 'olav for amateurs to Derfona. In 
spite of this, the musico-literary society Iromien, v/hich obviously has 
taken the idea 'l.'easure your strength to your intentions, and not your 
intentions to your strength" as its motto, dared to select it frojti a mass of 


II B 1 c (1) - 7 - P0LI3!: 

Dziennik Zv;iazkov7y , ixvv* 11, 1917. 

other ir.uch easier ^^lays. Tlie : ronien ;iociet7 did not heive much ti-ne to 
vre^^ave for the presentation of the nl^:/ , and the work that had to be done 
^vas tremendous. Therefore, one should raake allowances in revievrin^-- the play, 
and ^ive the i-ro^ien Society the hi'-.^hest recornition for its ener-^etic efforts. 

There were not so many deficiencies in the portrayal of specific roles as 

there were rood ooints, and that is why the ^uay as a v/hole caiae out very well. ., 

The rromien .Society deserves reco^-nition for acnuaintin^ the public v;ith so 
beautiful a play as T.'.ary 3tuart'\ 

;;. J. F. 

II B 1 c (1) POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III B 2 Dziennik ^v/iazkowy , Mar. 28, 1917 • 


Last ounday, groups 15, 46, 73, and 193 of the Polish ./omen^s ;dliance spon- 
sored a rallv at J. Slowacki*s hall, at which the participants were entertained 
with a one-act play, violin and piano solos, a monologue, and a lecture. 
Mrs. A. Milaszewicz v/as chairman. The lecturer v;as Llrs. Helen Setmajer, A 
violin solo v;as played by Chester Frankiewicz, and Hiss Manikowski recited 
a monologue. Miss Victoria Llilaszev/ics sang a vocal solo, and a piano solo 
was played by Miss Brzezinski. The play "^Adam and Jve" was excellently per- 
formed. Mrs. Helen Sttuz3nia played the role of Adam splendidly, and Mrs. Jadv/iga 
/EaxTletJ Gluchowski was veiy good in the role of ICve. Mr. H. liiolkowski gave 
an excellent performance as the Count. Lliss 3ophia liilaszeivicz played the 
piano accompaniment to the songs in the play. The colljction to defray the 
expenses of the evening yielded vl5. In a word, the evening was a success in 
every respect, and the large audience did not stint its applause. 


II B 1 c (1 ) PCTJ-T 

I G 

Dziennik Zwiazkov^y , !^ar. 28, 1917. 

Follov;ers of Tivair.atiQ J-xt Oivs Poor Perf oiraance 

Yesterday evenin^^ the Followers of Drajnatic ^J7t prose.ntod a tiree-act ^lay, ^ 

entitled ''The Sidewalks of Chic---o/' at Palsh'n hall. o 


The title is ap:)ropriate to the thei'ie of the "'xlay, v;hich nhov;s all the tricks ;— 

and hu^ibup v;hich one fines onlv on the streets of Chicago. Cne after another ^ 

tilery ay^pear all sorts of exploiter's, v;ho Tn-rjna'-e to extort the hard-earned g 
money of irnorant T^olish peasants in a trulv shameful an:"! disgraceful manner. 


\e see first the Tev;ish tradesman v;ho has every kind of merchandise for sale; Cn 

then an ae^ent peddlin:- miraculous books, a quack v;ho knov/s all diseases and 
v;ho has miraculous cures, gypsies v/ho coax lar^^e sans of money out of the 
unintelli{{ent piople, and other per3onao;es whose aim is to extort money fran 
Polish peasants. A wtiole ^ang of such cheats runs loose among our peojle, 
v.hich fall an easy prey to their wiles. I-'en, woiuen, youn;:^ girls, and boys — 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 2 - PCLlC'^Ti 

I C 

Dziennik Zv;iazkovr/ , Tar. ?P' ^ 1917. 

all li&nd over tlieir he.rd-eernfd noney to Jews' ar.f^. i-ypsies# rinally one 
person appe-urr^ v.ho celjs th-a attention of the police tc the criminal practices 
of these cheats. Tho malefactors -o to prison, an^^ the "neople lead happy 
lives because thero no lonrar is anyone alout to cheat th^a^i. 

The author's purpose v;as to v;arn the Polish peopl 'i* a^'ainst cheats, "^or this 
reason it is too bad that so few people cvme to see the perforpiance. 

As for the play itself, it v/as T:icorlv set ^d. !rs, "^/Utoxvski end Vtf>. P.zerczvnski 
v;ere the only ones v.ho ^*ave even a passable pe -forrnance. "^iz othb*r "followers 
of dramatic art" revealed nothia^- praiseworthy. Thoir actin^ shov/en at once 
that they had made no attempt to learn their lines, ^n^ tc tell the truth they 
didn't act as if they knew than at all. "^heir actions on the stare v;ere such 
as to make one belie\^e that these v. ere people who had never even se^en a stape 
performance, and not "followers of dramatic art," as thev consider triemselves. 

T^lven tiiC performance itself did not ^et by without a brawl, • hich the police 

II B 1 c (1 ) 
I C 


Dziennik Zwiazkov^, :;ar. SB, 1917. 


had to ouiet. 

ilnd all of this took place on '*ThG ::.ide\;alks of CnicG^^^o.** 



II B 1 c (1) POLISH 

II B 1 a 

IV Dziennik Zwiazkov/y , Liar. 12, 1917. 


Yesterday at the Polish V/omen's Alliance Building, the amateur circle Jolna 
Polska (Free Poland) staged an unusually charming light comedy in three acts, 
with songs, written by hlv. F. N» Karnienski and entitled "Skalmicrzanki'^ 
(The Women of 3kalmierzyce« ) 

The play, as a whole, considering that it v;as an amateur performance, oeme out 
rather well, although there were many shortcomings of the sort v/hich it is 
practically impossible to avoid in amateur performances. 





Miss 3. Pieknik waF. excellent in the role of Dozia. Throughout the entire play '-^ 
she gave a true picture of the perversity of a woman who is v;illing to give up 
everything for social presti.^e and wealth. She was ably supported by Llr. J. 
Llogalski in the role'of Pieprzyk, a young potter, who had an excellent con- 
ception of his part and, what is most important, possesses a rather good voice, 
so that Pieprzyk* s songs w .re enjoyed b/ all. Mr. J. Bryl played the part of 


II B 1 Q (1) - 2 - ?QLI 

II B 1 a 

lY Dzionnll: Ijv/iazliQVJ^ > Lar. 12, 1917. 

"Count Zuroslav/" equ-ally :;ell, Llr* J. .^iton, in the rols of Sclioolr-iaster 
K\7ik, v/as not bad, altl-oufji tov;'ird the er.d of the play, havir-^: riOtliin^: nore to 
say, ho intorforod too i.iuch v;ith the othoro or. thj 3t .re. The part of Countess 
V/anda v;ould have been b jtter if the o:\o \iho played it, I.'rG. Z. Leszczynski, had nj 

displayed ir.ore life and energy, Llr. Babiarz v:as not bad in the role of 2 

Japibrzuch the 3tev;ard, thou-^i his continual clac-^in^-: and reclas^in ; of his ^ 

hands had no nuroo:;e ir. t:ie ^)laT, a::d a certai;- artrt of ':is '7ardrobe v/as utterly '-^ 
out of place and onl;;' nade hi:: a lau':hinpstoch. L'iss Z . Chroraicz \:a3 not bad in -a 
tiie role of Iwarcinov/a Or-piatha, althou,+. her characterization vjas not success- p 

ful, and her sable Zupan f^ Garment o" the Polish national drcs^s/^ in the first o> 

act v/as hardl*'- aD-ro-oriate for a aeas^irt vJOLia.n. Ilr. J. '..'alas, in the role of ^o 

Colonel Jariiacki, v/ould have been all ripht \;ero it not for his monotonous ^ 

repetition of "boiibs and {^r-nades," v.'hich bored the audience. The rest of the 
ninor parts, as a'ell as the c'loral nui.ibei-s, c :.e out i/ell. Desaite the above- 
raertioi^ed deficiencies, the play as a '/hole v;as .';;ood and tha audience applauded 
enthusiastic:;lly. Liss 3. Fioknik received a boucuet of flov;ers for her {^ood 

II B 1 c (1) . 3 - lOLEH 

II B 1 a 

IV Dziennik Zwlazkov.y , Mar. 12, 1917 « 


It is deplorable that our ladies take their infants along with then to these 
performances. They not only spoil the act in,:: of the amateurs but disturb 
the audience as well. Yesterday's music, both as to the son^s in the play and 
the musical numbers durinc the intermissions, deserves recognition. It is 
a lon^ time since we have seen a group so v/ell har.aonized as this one headed 
by Messrs, F. Przybylski, S, PDrotochwila, and 3. '.Vroclawski. 

II B 1 c (1 ) POLISH 

II B 1 a 

II B 1 d Dziennlk Z-/dazkowy , Iv!ar. 12, 1917. 


In Chicago there has developed the praiseworthy custom of arranging free 
concerts and plays for the Poles at the public parks. These performances 
are generally presented by choral and musico-literary societies. 

Yesterday we witnessed two such performances at Eckhart Park. One perform- 
ance was a concert by a choir of the Alliance of Polish Singers, v^ich took 3^ 
place at 3 P. V.\ the other, by the Promien (Ray) Society, took place at 
7:30 P. M. Both performances were excellent. A lar^e audience attended, 
especially during the evening ':)erformance of the rromien I/usico-Literary 
Soc iety . 

The elocutionists and musicians did their parts exceptionally well. The 
little comedy entitled ''Dwie Tesciov/e"* (The Tv/o Mothers-in-law), presented 
by the Promien Society, was especially well liked. 


II B 1 c (1 ) - 2 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

II B 1 d Dzieiinlk Zwiazkowy , Mar, 18, 1917. 

At the present time we do not want to praise these amateurs too highly lest 
our praise spoil them for the future. This would be a f^reat shame, since, 
as we already mentioned last week, the l^romien Society will present 
olowacki's drama, '^,:arya Stuarf ^^y Stuart/, at the Polish .Vomen's 
Alliance Building on ^.'^ay 6. Let them complete this undertaking success- ^ 
fully, and v/e promise that each and every one of them will get his just 



II B 1 C (1) POLISH 


Dziennik Zwlazkowy , Feb. 19, 1917. 



All sorts of Polish circles and societies in Chicago try to produce, from 
time to time, for the cultural elevation of the Poles here, the plays of 
famous dramatists, full of deep thoughts and ideas* Plays of this sort have 
a great value because they reflect a complete picture of our national life 
with its joys and sorrows, pointing the way along which we should proceed 
in order to gain our cherished goal. In spite of their many virtues these 
plays have one bad point: they are too difficult to be presented on small 
stages by amateur groups. 

The four-act drama by Lucien Rydel, entitled TNa Zawsze'* (Forever), which 
was presented Saturday evening at the Polish V/omen's Alliance Building by 
the Esperanto Dramatic Circle, was one of these plays lAiich are so very dif- 
ficult to produce. 



II B 1 C (1) - 2 - POLISH 


Dziennik Zwiazkowy ^ Feb, 19, 1917. 

We realize the tremendous amount of /yiot^ which was put in on the casting 
of the play by the following people who took part in it: l!r* T. M. Piotrowski, 
Mrs. J. Frydel, Mr. Joseph Piotrowski, director, Mr^ Jo Jejot^ and others, and 
that is why we would like to give them the highest acknowledgraent for selecting 
a play of such beauty as ••Ka Zawsze.^ 

This play is a mirror of our sufferings after the loss of our freedom; it is 
the clanging of chains, the weeping of mothers and sweethearts who have lost 
their loved ones. It is full of words of mourning and the throbbing of an 
aching heartl 

In order to portray all of this it is necessary not only to understand the plot 
and to feel it, but it is also necessary to possess inborn acting ability and 
talent, and an appropriate stage. 

The writer of these words saw '*Na Zav/sze** a few years ago on the Cr?^cow stage 
played exclusively by professional actors, and on Saturday observed the unfolding 


II B 1 C (1) - 3 - POLISH 


Dziemiik Zwlazkowy , Feb. 19, 1917 • 

of this same drama on the stage of the Polish Women* s Alliance* 

What a differencel Over there the priest was not so monotonous as here. His 
voice portrayed deep feeling. There was a cry, pain, muffled despair escaping 
from his breast, and then again a powerful voice which commanded one to be- 
lieve in the future despite the blows of misfortune. Over here the priest, in 
our opinion, preserved the same apathetic expression and tone of voice, the 
same I-don*t-care-irtiat-happen ^ttitud^, the same gestures throughout the 
entire play. 

In our opinion the best performance was given by the director himself, Mr. 
Joseph Piotrowski, who played the role of the condemned man who escaped from 
Siberia. His diction and facial expressions were entirely appropriate. If, 
in addition, a few of his gestures had been a bit more successful, Mr. Piotrowski 
could compete with the actor of the Cracow stage. 

Mr. T» M. Piotrowski, in the role of the husband of the former mistress of the 


II B 1 C (1 ) - 4 - POLISH 


Dzlennlk Zwiazkowy , Feb. 19, 1917* 

man condemned by the Russian government, was much weaker* Nevertheless, his 
voice in some lines was completely appropriate to the thought of the play, 
and some of his gestures were very successful, yet both his voice and gestures 
failed dismally in many scenes, especially the last few. 

Mrs. J. Frydel, in the role of the woman suffering because of her unfortunate 
love, spoke too fast and in some scenes declaimed her lines too obviously. 
Her make-up made her appear decidedly too old in this play. 

In praise of Mrs. Frydel, it should be admitted that she portrayed some scenes 
with a great feeling for the plot and an appropriate tone of voice. 

Mr. Frydel, in the role of the servant, was not bad, Iwt he would have been 
better had he shown more energy and courage. The servant in this play is really 
an old veteran, whose blood boils at the sight of the enemy, not an old man 
broken by life and depressed in spirit. 

' _ 1 

II B 1 C (1) - 5 - POLISH 


Dzlennik Zwiazkony , Feb, 19, 1917 • 

The police showed the least acquaintance with a stage. They came on as timidly 
and fearfully as a condemned man would approach the spot where in a few moments 
he would be deprived of his life. 

In spite of the shortcomings which were quite in evidence, those taking part 
in the play deserve acknowledgment for doing everything within their power. 

It is surprising that so few people attended the performance of such a beautiful 
and interesting play. Our people come in droves to all sorts of fiddle-faddle, 
but when they have the opportunity of seeing more serious things they are con- 
spicuous by their absence. 



II B 1 c (1) 


Dziennik Zwlazkowy , Feb. 12, 1917. 


The four-act historical drama '^Wojna Szwedzko Polska" (Swedish -Polish War) 
presented yesterday evening by the Varsovian Choir at the Polish Women's Alliance 
Building, reminded the audience that work for one's country meets with reward 
nAiile betrayal meets with punishment. 

The performance, despite obvious deficiencies on the part of some of the anateurs ^- 
(we do not want to mention any names, because it would hurt these people), came ^ 
out fairly well, thanks to the good acting of Miss J. Sokolowski, Miss J. Witkow- nr 
ski and several of the male actors. c3 

The audience in general was satisfied with the performance, which should con- CiJ 
stitute the best reward for the amateurs, who, in spite of everything, put in a 
great deal of work in order to attain success. The young people had a very good 
time at the dance which followed the performance. 


I II B 1 c (1) 


Dziennik Zwiazko'vvy , Jan. 29, 1917. 

" nigiit" 

Yesterday evening the well-known J. K, Ordor Society, group eighteen of the 
Polish Singers' Alliance, gave a three-act dra^iia entitled 'llovember Niglit," 
by £. Gk)rczr/nski , at the Polish .'omen's Alliance hall. The play, which is 
very engrossing from beginning to end, is based on the life of the servants 
in a manor in the Kingdom /^istrict in Polfin^ near ;arsav;. The main plot 
of the play canters about the lifo of a pretty young v;o..ian v/Iiose husband was 
called to do militar:/ service, and vj1;o is subjected to the amorous attentions 
of the overseer, the farmliands, and finally of the estate ovmor himself. As p' 
a result of the persistence of Pivmicki, the overseer, the .'oung woman goes 
to the manor in order to ask the ov;ner himself for protection, and not to 
be deprived, as the wife of a soldier, of her home in tlie servants' quar- 
ters of the manor. The lord of the manor, entranced by her beauty, promises 
to look after her and be her guardian, but finally takes cidvantage of the 
situation. Before the husband returns from the war, the woman .^ives birth 
to a daughter. ..hen he returns and discovers the truth, the unfortunate 


II B 1 C (1) - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Z;viazl:owy > Jan. 29, 1917. 

husband pretends to accept his lot but at every glance at the child that is 
not his, his soul is torn by dispair* Finally, during the child^s christening, 
the betrayed husband tries to dravn his sorrow in drink, Nevertheless, over- 
hearing the jokes of his neighbors on the subject of the disgrace which has 
come upon his house, in a inomant of madness he snatches the child and leaves 
it on a hill, where the child falls and is killed. Jagna's drunlcen and des- S 
perate husband does not deny his act and gives himself up to justice. As 3> 
one can see from the plot of the play, the main characters of the play are ^ 
Maronski, lord of the manor, v/hich part !.!r. .v. Klimaszev/ski played v/ell, ex- ^ 
cept that in some scenes ho was not energetic enough. Hr. !.!. Baginski was "^ 
excellent in the role of the overseer riwnicki. Ivlrs. II. Ziemicki played 2 
the part of Jagna S;7orzen ver^r well, 'ilie last of the main characters and 
the raost difficult, that of 3worzen, the betraj^ed husband, was v;ell acted 
by Mr. K. Klimczewski, although in the third act he allowed himself to be 
carried away by his role and overacted his Dart and hie dispair. The 
secondary roles were played for the iiiO^t pOtrt very well, v/ith the exception 
of the mass scenes, in v;hich long and unnecessary pauses were noticed. 

II B 1 c (1) - 3 - POLISH 

Dziennik Zwiazkow^^ , Jan. 29, 1917. 

In a word, the play as a v/hole, as an amateur performance, was surprisingly 
v/ell done. It should be mentioned however, that some of the amateurs in spite 
of knov;ing their lines well, could not get out of the habit of looking straight 
at the prompter's box — v;hich looked ver:' bad from across the footlights. 

The audience was not as large as it should have been, and there v;ere many ^ 
vacant seats. After the performance there was social daj^cing, to* A. 2 
Holland* s orchestra, which lasted far into the night. -d 



-- 1 .-> M ^ 


V - I 

"POT T "^^ 
0. v>-..> — v^ 

-L v.r 


T^ie ..Hied ^azanr at t'^o Ccll:;ei:r] ended .Saturday, :uid the ena in* v/as in 
]^ee^in'- "./ith tlie enLire ba.:aar, '.'ever have r'uc;i cro^vtin been seen at the 
Z'^Wy^^^'-n an there ''/ere Saturday. ?^'i<=^ in a :reat thin" for uf, because 
^aturdav var^ ^lavie Da:% of v/hich the I ol^r^ f:yr:aed the nost important ^"^art. 
i>. r-a'^orit^r of th.^ -<^eo"^le called it, not Slavic DaT, but loli^h Day, Tiiat 
ic -rhy all ^//ho v/ere interested in the bazaar /'ere '^-reatly ^-^lear.ed by the 
fact that ip.ore -eoale crirne on that dav than on any of the -.receedin- ten 
day5- of the baza-^r. It va?. ^ntinated tint iiore than 60,000 neople v;ere at 
the Colif^enn 3aturrlay. It is difficult to say ho-; i^any of then 'neve loles. 
One can only appr'.'Xir.ate the nu!'':ber. There '-ust have been at lea^t ."^0, )00 
""'Olen at the Goliseun Saturday. The crowd in the entire Coliseuia v;as so 
yreat that several tines durin* the eveniny the ::iain entrance had to be 
closed, and -^ore than 5,000 '"^eo^le v;e:^e ^leni^^d a i'-^ittance. The hall v/as 
30 cro^vded that a special livision of the fire departrient '/as called in 
order to see to it that a ^anlc did not breah ont, because occasionally 





1 c M ^ 

II B 1 a 

I ^-J- Dzlennik ^y/riazkovr^ , Tan. .\;2 , 1917. 

r.ome '.vonan. fainted and u^set the -^o-^le nearlv. 


.n.11 of tlie C'^llpeun v:as cro'.*'ded, but the 'Teat-^^.t cr^r;;din''' ''/as in the Tolish 
::ection. .xt about 9 ^- . ^'. such a r,ob r-at'iered about the ^-xstv^^ booth Adhere 

hrso "Tev^s v;as holdin-^ forth tliat the counter al^io.ot colla;\^ed. It was ^ 

about to to-n-ple '.7hen sor^eone succeeded in ^-•lacin:'; a bea^. ^ander it just in 3^ 

tine and ;vas thus able to sun-ort it. 1' 

T?usiness in the ' olish section .vas verv nood Jaturda-^ hracticall^.^ all of r 

the inerciiandise -;as sold. ..t about 10:30 '". ]'.. an auction vjas be--:an in ^ 

the T-^olish section, at v'hich aractic^lly all of the rerr.ainin^ merchandise '~ 

'vas sold. The auction lasted until 1:113 :.. h. Tlie crord laid sies-e to ^ 
the holish booth until closin^ ti:^e. 

3aturday»s incone in the lolish section reached about ;4,400. .Wdinr to 
this the incorr.e of the orevious days and the roney donated directly to the 
r^ain bazaar com-iittee, the loli-h section has so far made about )17,000. 

II B 1 c (1 ) - ^ - T-CLI.3IT 

II ? 1 a 

I ^r D:; jqnn 1 1" '-1 1 zyo-'j , ^an. '2'-., 1917. 


'.'■e '.«;ish to er.nhasize the fact that thfi Tv'-countin'^ has not vet been con- 
pleted, and that is '±:r ••e -i^-e announcin;^ only ap-roximate figures. The 
exact amount?^, -rill be miblirhed in the :cli3h v^ev3 junt as soon as they 
can be anno^onced. The '/olis^: Comritte'^^ ha? alr^^ady be.-^un -jorkin^-; on an 
accurate statenent . 

..e Piu.'^t novr nay a fe-v 'ords about all those ^''ho contributed so nany beauti- 
ful itens to the ^ olirh section. Th.ey all aeserve tlianks. :j.l the lolish 
people v/ho so "-enerously su':^^)orted the -olish section also deserve 'raise. 
The success v/hich the olish sectio-i scored '.vas renarked ur)on by all the lo 

other nationalities, ^^liich is a feather in the cap of all the Toles. 


have stated that the/^oli sh/^^OTrjaittee is -.'orkin-: on an accurate renort, :^ 

v;hich it vail tr:r to publish in the very near future. 

.n.s for the items v/].ich v;e:'e to be raffled off, we ivish to re-)ort that sone 
have already been raffled off and oth'^rs ?;i31 be raffled off soon. 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 4 - rcTJ-:;!! 

II - 1 a 

I '^T Ozle nn ik ;'^i •iz'zorr/ , Tun, ^12, .1917. 


Ir. y. ;;oc!'=icM, l^--^5 ''"^'or -is :tr ■^^t, -von the ^■;otorcycle. ^rie n^mes of 
thone who v;on other ite^":] will 'il:'o le amoTinc^d, 

It hao b'^'m e.'^.tlr.'ited that tie inc::'^.e Tro:" t'^'e '^ntiro ba:^aar ".vill er-ic^ed 

half a million dollaro, Ihe nain co^.:rittec and its acr^ untar.ts are also 

■'orhin/: en tleir re-^ort, ^^icli the;' '.;ant to coi'i^let^- aad aiiaounce as soon ^ 

as oossible. ~-^ 

Ono '-"ore thin;-^ ^'Oist b-3 said, hov^ nice it v;as to hear f ir.:^t one and thion the £7 

other ■ olish h^.^m rc^.^eated throu liout t-.e pvenin-^ jaturdav at t;ie Coliseian, ix 

.J.11 the ■ oil sh numbers ;^la7ed b;- the band under ; r, .'. hov/alshi ' s direction 2 

7/ere rewarded v/ith thunlerous applause, and v/lien the band •:"la:;''ed **Cod Save 
1 oland" and "roland Is Hot Lor^t/' the crowd of tr:OT:sands of people ber>an to 
sia;^, how nice it v;as then at the Colise'or:! 

In the smaller hall, where s-^-ace was reserved for a cabaret, I'rs. .v'-nes 
^lerin^-, our v/ell-hnov/n artist, san,^. Cur .•;ell-hno7Ti violinist ijitoinette 
Zebrowshi-Ierlowshi olayed, and hrs. Jmulski - l'i7ed the piano. 


II "i 1 e (1) 


r.T T r 

T '^^ 

Dzienriik ..•viazkov-;:^ Jan. "V'] , 1917 


.;e repeat that un accumt? re-^ort of the ba-^a-dr, •ivin;; 
accorint of each of tlie Poll nh: r-ection.-:, 'vill he aniv'^unce'i 1^ 
papers just a.': .^oon a: it 13 co^-'-^'let^d. 

; , c^ o "h ^-i ■. 1 ^ rl 

'-4 '.-4. ^- t^wA J- _l. v7 U. 

t''^e ^'^'"^ 1 3h 

(Ji-^ned) Co^riittee of the , olinh .ection 

of the .vllied :^izaar 




3 d (1) 


Narod Pol ski . Vol. XV, July Z6, 1911. 


The newly organized Polish Variety Theatre already has concentrated in 
its group the best known first class aotorst also newcomers and amateurs* 
The theatrical group made a decision to perform regularly during the whole 
winter season and rehearsals are already started* 

The first performance will be at the Walsh Hall, corner of Noble and Emma 
Street, on August 20, 1911« This performance will consist of a five act 
play with the title TSmigracija Chlopska, " (Emigration of the Peasant)* 

After this the next performance, August 27, will be an excellent farce 
in three acts, *Dobry Numer, " (Oood Number)* 


A \JJLJX kji.i. 

II 3 1 c (1) 

II S 1 d' * Dziennik Zviiaz'x^ovr/ , i'eb. 11, 1911. 


A Polish amateur "nlay v;ill be (R-iven on the 19th da;;, of Feb., 8 P.I'., at 
St. Adalbert's Parish Hall, by Slo^.7acki»s Literary Cl\jb. ?'os t of the Poles 
from St. Adalbert's Parish will attend. 

II B 1 c (1> 


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The count c::cellod i:: '.ir: ael-^a'*. 

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len /'ubiak, -rho aj^:;* I'ed 

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heroes in the ^lay did not dis^-la^* a.'^ ^-lucli valor 

they should have; ]:o::ever 

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II 3 1 c (1) 

Dziennik Zwiazko^vy Z-oda , Arril 2, 1908. 



Kreszev/ski, of the St. I/ary of An-'p-els Parish comr^unity,will take part in a *olay which 
will be rresented in Dicturesoue Polish costume. This plersant news should reach 
everyhody. The Tnlac-' -s beautifully arrnji^ecl; and our nost talented, amateur artists 
such as Loziev/icz, and our "Chicar-;© Uncle" "iodwicz, will talce r)art. 

Others T^artici-oatin.<^ will be I.'iss Dobrosielska-Miss Drozdov^ska, Miss I^riaczak, and 
Mr. Sanocia Jachimski. 

II B 1 c (1) Dziennik Zwiazk owy, f'arcb 16, 1908 


\ ' -■ '' 


Polef5 who attend theatrical T^lays. either do not rf-^alize or forget that these 
rlays are r>erfor'aed hy amateur actors. They have, however, denonstrated 
their great ability and talents. Each -nlay supT)lies new material for practice 
and discloses the fact that these arateiirs rossess ,?-enuine talent. In other 
words, they have sufficient ability and confidence to merit a regular Polish 
theat*^r of ov<r own; a temple of dramatic art that v/ill brin,*^:; cheer to our 
hearts and souls in this ador)ted Coinitr:^. Yesterday's theatrical Derform.ance 
disclosed the very interestinf' fact, that we have in our ovm settlement a 
Polish hall which is in every res'oect suitable for such occasions. 

We refer to St. Stanislr^ur Hall. It is equipped with all modern conveniences, 
es-oecially adopted for theatrical rlays, such as beautiful scenery, a lar^e 
staf^e and a good li^-htin/?: system. The Hall is large ana the seats are 
comfortable. Yesterday's ^^^-^^^ % "Fopychadlo" was a comedy depicting everyday 
life; stressing such hi^nan faults as stupidity, malice and their consequences. 
The heroine of the "olay is a jani':or's dau^^hter who is mistreated by her step- 
mother. This difiicult role was nlayed so well by Miss Wieckowska, that it 
brought tears to the audience. 0"ar amateurs r>roved that they caji characterize 
not only the common folk, but also the refined individuals. 


II 3 1 c (1) Dziennlk ZwlazkoTry . Feb. 17, 1908 

-, - ' -1'- 



Chicago Poles were enjoying themselves last Saturday and Sunday, There was enter- 
tainment of some kind, at every Polish settlement, and in every Polish Hall. One 
of the ^reat attractions was Mr, Feldman's drama, "Jud^ent Day," which was staged 
hy the Polish club Mloda Polska (Young Poland) at Walsh's Hall. The play was 
received with enthusiasm; for our public delists in recreations-even Jewish dramas. 
We could wish for nothing more, "Judgment Day," is a drama of a solemn character 
yet-it supplies many humorous parts, because of its Jewish character. The dram.a 
is a presentation of a greedy, rich Jew in a small town, who ruined an old Jewish 
sage by depriving him of his whole fortune and then, in a Jewish synagogue, under 
oath denying that he took as much as a penny; but who, when the ruined sage died 
was very much euinoyed by a guilty conscience. 

Mr. Feldman*8 intention was to convey solemnity on the stage by using Jewish 
characterizationr.; does he not know, that a Jew can also appear in the light of 
comedy, and impersonate a clown? Mr. Feldman, evidently did not expect his play 
to be staged in Chicago, therfore, we can symr^athize with the actors, who, in spite 
of their talents and earnest effirts, could not present this drama with solemnity. 

II B 1 c (1) 


Dziennik Zwiazkowv, Feb. 17, 1908. 


The actors, however, -olayed their parts unusually well, for which, credit should "be 
<^iven to !.'r. Opalinski, who srar^ d no efforts in training them. They were only 
amateurs, but they r)layed their parts in a professional manner; each actor was given 
a suitable role» 

The scene depicting the synanjo/rue was acted in perfect accord, exciting nuch lau^chter 
and a lorolonf^ed applause, IIo effort v/as srared to make this r)la;/ a success. The 
scenery, the li;^hting, and the costumes were well arranged, and could not be improved 
uron. The last act, Dresentin:" a Jewish cemetary, was very inioressive. The play 
was a great success, and was enjoyed by all. 

II B 1 c (1) 

il B 1 a . . ^t: POLISH 

• ■;■'•' .r^/ 

Dziennik Ludow - Vol. I No. 36 - A^^ril 26, 13Q7--- '' 


A great performance aiid "ball will take r>lace in V'alsh Hall, April 30th» The 
following is a sii^^mary of the pro^rain: 

1) "A Sacrifice for our Fatherland", a national piny accompaiiied v;ith songs, 
in one act, "by Carol Sienkiewicz. 


2) The presentation of harnonious voices of the ^>.derev7sld. Choir. 

3) A comedy in one act, hy Aleka, hr. Fredry. 

4) Monologue: "Choleryk, Sangwinik, Melpjicholik, Flegmatyk. 

In conjunction with this performance there shall also he a grand hall* We 
think this is a wonderful program and expect a great p.t tendance. The 
program "begins at 7:30 P:M. The admission fee is $1.00. 


TT B 1 C (1) 

Narod Polski, Vol. 10, No. 31, August 1, 1906. , , 


The 'National Theatre"* after a short interruption will open a^ain. 

Annuity - The play by Count Fredro will be produced. 

On account of hot weather The National Theatre arranr^ed a picnic for 
its meiDbers. 

XX J. 


3 dTiy 


..r.y^rA r-,-.1 c''— ^^n^ Y "ir 1^ ^"iOT- *^ 1 00- 

l i '-'• 

t.o first appear- 

On Su-iday, /ipril £9th, uhe i-oles in Chlc\,jc celebrated 

ance of t'rx- n^v.vlv forr.ied Polisli The-atrc. a creati:n cf \\r. Z. ^ahal-* 

V ^ w 

kiewi^'^z, and v;crthv q2 full ccnsideruticn. I': ^ronise:: to becone a 
regular theatrical institution, and ic to stage regul-:^r Polish theatrical 
T:roductions in the I'-.r^or theaters of dovmtovm Chioar^o* If these nromises 
and beautiful intontionc are realised, then t!) is -ity of the Poles in 
.^.orir^a vdll t^iie anoth'^r step for*,7:^rd froin an intellectual vlev«'point« 
For this they vfill be indeu:ed to Mr« Zaha jhie-vicz, direotor of tlie 
Polish Theatre. 

He can count on the inception of this Polish theatrical in5:titution as 

one of the first and nio^t important rcsul :.s 


lis actl'/itics in 

1 • 


V . 4 



II B 1 o (1) POLISH I - yj . . o ) 

II D 4 


\^o /^J 

s^ y 

Warod Polski ^ Vol. X, No* 7, Feb* 14 ^ 1906. 


News Item 

The National Theatre, a neirly founded organ! zati on, is developing well 
and it may be that it will interest itself better than it has been up 
to now in regard to the social relations in our colony* So far there 
are fifty names of eminent people on its membership list who possibly 
have differing views on social affairs, but with the understcuading that 
social matters euid national matters demand mutual interest and discussion* 

At the last meeting we completed a constitution and made a resolution 
to give the first profit derived from a play to benefit the orphans* 

There also was chosen a corresponding committee to find a suitable hall 
downtown where the performance will be held on Sunday, February 25* 

II B 1 o (1) - 2 - 

II D 4 


> » 

Narod Polskl^ Vol. X. No* 7, Feb* 14, 1906* 

The cOTunittee chosen is ooinposed of the following persons: Dr# A# 
Siwajkart, ohairaon; E. J. Hibner, first vioe-ohairman; Dr» V^yotol- 
kowakat recording secretary; Jan Kowalski, financial secretary; 
August Kowalski, treasurer, and on the board of directors: S, ZahaJ- 
kiewioz, K* Kaczmarek and Jan Romanowricx. S. Zahajkiewicz was elected 
stage director* 

The stage director shall present to the management for its endorsement 
other officers who shall assist him in the production of the play* 


/ ■- 


TT P 1 c (1) 

II D 10 


Imrod Pols'^, Vol. X, liO. 4, Jan. 24, 1906. 

A ^rand 'concert and tv^eabr'^cal rla\^ will ta^-^e rl9,oe in the lar^^OGt hall in 
our citv, the Auditorium, January 2^^ , 1906« 

The revenue is destined for trie ill-fated participants in the revolutiv^nary 

The nro^'^rain of this concert is: 

1. The orenin"', by Ur m J. Smul ski , city attorney oT Chicago. 

2. Ivioniuski* 3 "Overture to Malka," ^erformr»d h;^'- orchestra 

3. Ivir. Charles Deneen, Lieutenant Governor of Illinois, will speaV in Snrlish 

4. "Aria Halka," 3. Moniuski, (tenor srlo), suni^ by K, Kov;alski 

5. "The Fantasy Aprasionata ," Vie IJxtempt' s , op. 35, (violin solo) by Miss 
L. Xelov;^ki. 

6. "To the Cross," a monolonje by M. S. Zaha jk.lewicz . 

7. "Aria Ballatella," froja the opera "Pajace Leoncavallo," (soprano solo). 

II B 1 c (1) 

II D 10 

- 9 - 


N-^roH Polrki, Vol, X, N^* 4, Jan. ?4, 1906* 

s\xn^' hT'- LIrs, -i. Snulskl. • 

8. "Patriotic Fantasy," (or'^an solo), T^layed b'/ "^h^ author, Mr. P. Pa^d- 


9. "Polish Fi-^lds," -layeci by th^^ orchestra. 

10. "^'Tarsaw Girl," draiiiatic ^oem by S. Vfysri^^ski. 

Persons particl catint"^ in ■chij^ ^^rofTani: 

General Chlopicki 

General Skr7/Ticoki 

G ene r'a 1 'v'a 1 a (^ h ow sk i 

Youn^f officer 




!/>*• S. Kolanowsk: 

¥r. v;, Jozwlakowski 

IvI-^. S. Wroblewski, J. iierlng 

I.'r. Osnda 

Mr. V;. SilorsM. 

Mr. K. 7/achtel 

I'rf^. J. Kowalski 

Mar^^ and Ann (dau-hters) Vrs. P. ?:'/msi "^roch, Mrs. ;Y. V/*^ohtel 

II B 1 c (1) 


Narod Pol ski , Vol. YIII,No. 15, April 13, 1904. 



A great ar^ateur presentation will take place in Chica^^o on April 24th# There 
will be presented the best Polish comedy entitled ^'Zemsta" whose author is the 
greatest Polish comedian Aleksander P*redro. It is a most remarkable perforniance 
and is creatin,*^ a r^reat interest in our city because it is to be played by the 
best amateur talent. The profits derived from this presentation which will be 
given in several of the Polish Communities will go to the fund for erecting the 
Kosciuszko monument in Chicago. 


'\.\ r 

II B 1 (1) -."' POLISH 

II B 1 11 < .. 

II : 1 d Dziennlk Chloagoskl , Vol. XIV, No. 151, June 29, 1903. 




Over thirty delegates, representing nine of Chicago's dramatic clubs which 
select and arrange the presentations of dramatic performances, gathered 
yesterday in the parochial hall of St. Marion's parish, in order to dis- 
cuss the project of Mr. S. Zahajkiewicza, a way to combine all organizations 
into one large main group and, as a result, rise to a better and higher 
level in their dramatic performances. 

Some of these organizations which were represented by their delegates at 
this gathering were as folloirs: St. Stanislaus Dramatic Circle, St. Dorothy's 
Dramatic Circle from St. Albert's Parish, St. Albert's choir from St. 
Hyacinth, St. Hedwig's Literary Circle, St. John Cansius Dramatic Circle, 
and many others. 

II B 1 o (1) narod Po lski. i'.ay 14, 1902 VOLISB. //^ 

The Society of St. Cecilia gave a theatrical presentation and an 
entertainment in the Schoenhoffen hall last Sunday. A merry one act 
play was produced under the title " Jak mozna oswoio'tescioffa," "How 
to tame the mother-in-law." The best among the players was Miss 
Ciesielska who ably presented the role of a talkative and jealous wife. 
The rest of the amateur actors were not so sure of themselves. The 
entertainment was great, for which they deserve thanks. 

II B 1 o (1) 


Narod Polskl * Vol. VI, No. 16, April 16, 1902 

"Local News." 

Mr. Zohajkiewicz has written a new play entitled St, John Kanty and 
Mr. Muras > The play was given on the stage of St. John Kanty' s parish and, 
as Dziennik Chicagowski writes, the play has moral and literary values. 

II B 1 C (1) POLISE 
Narod Polski , Jan. 10, 1902. 

Polish student's annual play by the Polish Literary Club of St. Stanislaus School 
took place last Wednesday Jan. 18th« The Polish students of that institution 
conducted a very difficult play entitled Hermenof^ild or (two crowns). The role 
of the feeble king was played by the student, Iv!. TJenta. He played his part wonder- 

V.v. Domachowski played Ileririenogild's part to the taste and satisfaction of the 
most particular observer. As to the pose, action, enthusiasm, noble charcterization, 
confidence in his part and strong, attachT^ent to the Catholic faith for which he 
suffered exile and imprisonment, r.;r. Domachowski played his part completely. His 
acting brought tears to the eyes of the audience. His. brother ¥x. Rekared Domachowski 
took part of loving brother realistically. So was played part of Croswin's son and 
decent teacher of Hermenogild Bozand played by Mr. Przybyt and R. Olszewski. l!r. 
km Kubiak played the part of intriguer (plotter) in a masterly manner. Fr. Czerwinsky 
in a role of Arigmund presented an excellent type of a rowdy. K. Swoboda and M. 
S7lachetka executed their parts as king's messen^^ers (envoys) and intriguers very 
well. The light effects combined with appropriate scenery reveals the artistic - 
abilities of the stage manager. The play was a great success. The hall was filled 
to its capacity. 

II B 1 (1) POLISH 

II B 8 a 

Zgoda . Vol. XX, No, 12, March 21, 1901, WPA ilil} ^h'u "nr;-. 


The directors of the Z# N. P# Library are endeavoring to raise funds 
to purchase new books • After a heated argument at the last meetings 
the directors agreed to present a pley at the Holy Trinity Hall, April 
21m This beautiful drama entitled, "Star of Siberia, was directed by 
Ur« L« Starzenski* 

Well known Polish dramatic artists will take part in this play* Y/e have 
great hopes that the Polish public will support this movement which is 
being done for our own benefit* 

The committee is taking this opportunity to ask all Polish societies 
on the northwest, west and southwest sections of Chicago not to have 
any dances, lalls or other amusements on this day* 

II B 1 C (1) 
II B 1 a 
II D 3 




Narod Polski, Feb. i3, 1C98 
JYi 1. Ji iTR I C/iL I riu . .,0/ 

On Sunday Fe^. 6, under the direction of Father Giebj^owski, the Dramatic Club 
of St. Stanislaus Parish, will present the famous Drama '^Fabiola". 

This drama has been played in this country thousands of times, due to the fact 
that it shows all the tragedies and hardships suffered by people in their native 

Bolestaw Plackowski, president and translator of the Leon XIII Club of music and 
literature, is giving his able assistance to make this a huge success. 

As a special feature, the church orchestra, under the direction of Father Serafin 
CosLmo will play between the acts supported by a croup of young artists playing 
the mandolins, piano and the zithers. 

The proceeds of this show are to be used to upkeep the only Polish Hospital in 
this country. Tickets may be obtained at the parish house. 

II S 1 c (1) 




Nar od^ Polski , Jan. 5, 1898. 

On Sunday January 16, the St. Stanislaus Dramatic Club, will hold en amateur 
showing of the drama, '^.lonte Christo.*' 

Through the courtesy of the copywright owners, LIr. Szcezesny Zahajkiewicz 
translated the drama to Polish, for the benefit of the Polish members of the parish 

The proceeds of this show will be used for the completion of the dome on the 
newly built church, St. Stanislaus Kostka. 

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Dzlennlk Chicagoskl , Dec# 28, 1897 • 



A beautifal variety program along Christian lines was presented Sunday evening, 
December 26, at the St» Hedwig Parish /hall/ ^y *^® choral groups and school 
children* The affair marked not only the holiday season but also the name day 
of Reverend John Piechowski, C* R. , pastor, who was showered with good wishes^ 
The children's program was repeated last night • 

Songs, declamations, and acting marked the Sunday entertainment* A comedy, 
"In School, •• and a village skit, "Peasant,'* were presented in masterful style. 

Last night's program, repeated by the children, was mostly made up of piano 
solos, group singingt dialogues, and recitations* A short play, "The Whimsical 
Punished," ¥ias also given* 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 


Dzlennlk Chlcagoskl, Dec« 28, 1897» 

Sunday* s and last night's presentations were examples of the fine work the 
pastor is doing for the parish* Although he has been here only three years , 
but three hard years, Reverend Plechowskl has accomplished a great deal In 
bringing order out of chaos, and succeeded In bringing back many of the 
schismatics to the true fold* 



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III E Dziennik Chlcagoski > Oct. 4, 1897» 


The St. Stanislaus Kbstka Young Men's Society presented a five-act play, 
'^rfesele Na Podlasiv'^ Redding in the Woods/, last night at the St. Mary of 
Peirpetual Help Parish Hall. A capacity crowd came to see this historic drama. 
The amateurs did not disappoint the audience, for their acting was of the 

Yesterday's performance demonstrates that the Polish youth of this parish 

does not take a back seat for any other similar group. They can be compared 

to the St. Casimir Young Men's Society of St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish. When- 2 

ever a helping hand is needed, the St. Stanislaus Kostka Young Men's Society ^ 

is ready to help. May God help them in their future work. ^ 


The net profit of this play was turned over to a fund to buy an iron fence 
for the church. 

' II B 1 C (1) - 2 - POLISH 


III E Dzlennlk Chicagoski , Oct* 4, 1897. 

It is difficult to say which of the amateurs acted the best* It would be 
fairer to say that all were excellent. A fine job was done by the stage 
. diredtor, Miecislas Klarkowski. 




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Dzlennik Chlcagoskl , Oct, 4, 1897 • 


Through the efforts of the St. Hedwig Society of St, John Cantius Parish, 

^•The Renegade,** a drama by H# laczynski, was presented Saturday evening, 

October Z^ at the Aurora Hall, Milwaukee Avenue and Huron Street* !Qie drama 

was prepared for the stage and directed by Szczesny Zahajkiewicz* It would be 

redundant to say that the play was a success, since it is one of the favorites 

of the Polish stage* "^ 

Among the actors were Mrs. P« M« Sikorska, P« T« V/asielewski, F« Osuch, y: 

Miss M* Karamel^ and A* Medrzyk, o 

The only sad note was that the audience that came was rather small, ^o 

II B 1 c (1) POLISH 


Dziennik Chicagoski , Sept. 27, 1897* 


^Saint Sustace,'* a drama in three acts and eight scenes, written by Reverend ^ 
J# Gieburowski, was presented yesterday at the Polish Hall before a crowd that * 
almost filled the place. The audience was thrilled by the play, in which ^ 
scenes of the days of Home during Hadrian and Trajan were depicted. It was -3 
during Hadrian and Trajan that the Christains were greatly persecuted by the 
pagans. JSventually, hov/ever, tre spiritual triumphed over the material and 
the Church triumphed over hate and subversion. 

The music for this play was written and arranged by Reverend S. Cosimi. 
Nowicki*s Orchestra supplied the music. No money or detail was spared in the 
costumes and the scenery to bring out as authentic a picture of the times as 

The public rewarded the amateurs with enthusiastic applause for their superb 
acting. Credit is also due to the stage director, B. PClarkowski. No coinrrient 


II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennlk Chicagoskl, Sept. 27, 1897. 

is necessary about the acting of the amateurs individually since all gave 
their best. 

Yesterday's performance of "Saint Eustace" will undoubtedly get a favorable 
response on the Polish-American stage. It should be presented by every 
Polish amateur group throughout /America, for the play is very instructive 
and spiritual. 


— I 

II B 1 c (1) 


Dziennik Chica^^oski, June 24, 189 7 • 


Despite the rainy and stormy v/eather a larp,e crowd was on hand to see the 
presentation of *^^e Lliaskowska" at the Aurora Turner Hall, Milwaukee Avenue 
and Huron Street, last night by the St, Gregory Chorus's amateur players. 
All the roles were enacted to perfection, the outstanding performance being 
rendered by J. Jasilewski. On the whole the play was a success. The members 
of St. John Cautius* parish left hoping to see another play. ^ 


II B 1 c (1) POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III E Dziennlk Chicagoskl , June 1, 1897. 



'^.-/ICiK I ;ViiGa3C" aT POLISH HALL 

•*Wicek I .Yacek** (Vince and Bill), a gay comedy with a moral, was staged by the ^ 
St. Stanislaus Kostka Young Men's Society, on Sunday, May 30, at the Polish >^ 
Hall, located at Bradley Street near Noble Street. Despite the excellent cast P 
and play, a poor crowd attended. Those who failed to come missed an opportunity::^ 
to see a stellar performance. j^; 

Vince, played by V. J. Jozwiakowski , and Bill, enacted by August Klafta, could 
not have been interpreted better. Such well-seasoned actors could not be found 
on another stage. Both held the interest of the audience through the entire 

Other roles were played by S. Zahajkiewicz, Miss Pearl Krolik, Miss A. Bardonska, 
V/. ;Vieckowski, J. Jarzembowski, A. Barwig, and Miss M. Bardonska. 

Scenery, production, and staging, v;as of the host, but it would have been better 


II B 1 c (1) - ': - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III E Dziennik Chlcaroski , Jun^^ 1, 1897. 


IV if the 'iirector had been r^unctual, '"Jhe 'iudience sat ill at ease when 
the curtain die; not :/.o un at 8:50 !.].':• 

Duria-?: intermission ana betv;een the acts son;:8 and pi^ino solor. added variety 
to trie prof':ram. T'.vo outstanding: niano solos /.ere rendered by Joseph Klass and 
Jolm Tadelski, both students ol* the 3t. Stanislaus Flostka College. <vith more 
training: in rausic ti.ey can easily become artists. The College ''^uartet was 
also admirable. Cirl students also played numbers on the piano. 


The small audience can oe accounted for, because many Polish organizations gave ;j 
dances and soci-ls that sane evenin:% lerl^a^s it would ue better to stage such 
plays duriri;* a v;eekday, and at least once a week 

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Dziennik Chicagoski , June 1, 1897 • 




The St. Agnea Young Ladies' Choir of St. John Cantius Parish staged three r^ 

short Polish comedies Sunday (May 30) at the Parish hall ^ames of plays not -t? 

given/^. As soon as the first comedy started it was evident that the amateurs o 

were well trained for their parts. Each actor gave his best, much to the oo 

entertainment of the audience. S 


One of the plays, •'Smieszna Rozmcjwa** (Laughable Conversation), scored well 
with the crowd, although it was one of the most difficult to perform. The 
songs in some of the plays were also ably executed. 

From these performances it is obvious that the St. Agnes Young Ladies' Choir 
is not only growing but is working hard, and will someday reach great heights 
through such efforts. 

II B 1 e (1) 


III C Dzlennlk Chioagoalcl , May 29, 1897* 



F6r the climax a tableau, ••Poland in Shackles, •» will be portrayed by the 

It is not necessary to say that a delightful evening is in store for the 

The St. Stanislaus Kostka Youth Society of St. Mary of Perpetual Help Parish P 
is going to present two plays tomorrow (Sunday) at the parish hall on Springer '^ 
Street. The plays are: ••Akademia Smorgonska'* (anorgonska Academy) and ••Werbel o 
Domowy* (Domestic Drum). Declamations, songs, and other entertainment will be 
given between the acts. 


■ — I 

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III C Dzlennlk Chleagoskl , May 24, 1897. 


The St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish Dramatic Circle presented two outstanding '- 
Polish comedies, ••Posazna Jedynaczke** (Rich Heiress) and •'Falszywego Jakajle*» L^ 
(False Stammerer), at the Polish Hall last night (Sunday)* The audience was ^ 
greatly pleased with the expert presentations and laughed throughout both plays. 
All the amateur performers were at their best. Some of them displayed the 
Polish of a finished artist. Their performance left us without a word of criti- 
cism. The public deprives itself of fine entertainment by not attending. It is 
unfortunate that all the seats were not filled. 

Between the acts the following young ladies played on the piano: the Misses 
Wleklinska, Krolik, Bardonska, Schultz, Panthen, Pyterek, Klatecka, Ostrowska, 
and Kwasigroch. Duets were rendered by the Misses Kozlowska and Kosinska. Gene- 
rous applause, which is one of the best mediums of recognition of talent, was 
accorded all the performers. 

_- ^ 

J. J 

;' nJ 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III C Dziennlk Chicagoski , May 24, 1897. 

This is a good idea of filling the pause between the acts» It is anticipated 
that at all future performances beautiful solos and duets, played by the sons 
and daughters of local parents, will be a part of the program. 


• — I 


II B 1 c (1) POLISH 

II B 3 

III E Dziennik Chicagoski > ISay 17, 1897. 




Despite the fact that the St. Casimir Young Men»s Falcon Society presented 
a stellar performance last night (Sunday), a small crov/d was present. This 
was a great disappointiaent because the menbers were coxinting on the support 
of the Polish public. Their hopes of raising funds for the proposed gym- 
neisium were dimmed. The small attendance may be accounted for by the fact 
that many dances were being held in the vicinity. 

Boleslas Klarkowski opened the program with a short speech. He substituted 
for the Reverend Francis Gk)rdon, C.R. , who had left town on an urgent matter. 
The speaker pointed out the importance of gymnastic drills for the Polish 
youth as well as for grownups. 

Acrobatic stunts were presented for the first time on the stage, much to 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 

II B 3 

III E Dziennllc CMcagoski , :3ay 17, 1897. 


IV the enjoyment of the audience. One of the acrobats, J. G. , was 
the outstanding performer of the evening. 

The comedy "Posag w Kbminie" (Dowry in the Chimney) was presented with 
exceptional humor • Josephine Kbwalska, Itosalie Koppa, August KLafta, 
W. Lipecki, J. Czekala, W. Wieckowski, and others took part in the 
comedy. The songs as well as the acting were of the best, and the per- 
formance deserves to be repeated. 


II B 1 c (1) 

II B 5 

III B Dziennilc Chicagoski, May 13, 18^7 • 




The St# Casimir Young Men's Society of St. Stanislaus Kostka's parish, p: 
affiliated with the Polish Falcons of Merica, is contemplating the erection r; 
of its own gymnasium on parish grounds • ^ 

This is a noble thought and worthy of support* As soon as the builaing is 
completed, the Society will expand rapidly* This is something that everybody 
wishes for this organization* 

In order to raise funds for the building, tae Society is staging a dramatic 
program at the Polish Hall* Besides the comedy •♦Posag w Kominie'* /pcmry in 
the Chimnej/f drills will be displayed* 

It is anticipated that the Polish public will support this worthy enterprise* 

II B 1 c (1 ) POLISH 

Dziannilc Chlcagoaici. May 8, 1897 • 


The Kosciusko Guard Society (under the guidance of St* Florian) of St* Micaael 
Archangel Parish staged an interesting play **Krotki i Dlugi** (Short and Long) 
last nlght« The theme or tne drama was based on the thieves of Chicago* All 
the amateur players were at their best* 

Despite inclement weather, the parish hall was filled to capacity; some had to 

It is requested that this organization present more plays of this type in the 
future* They deserve a hand for their fine work* 

One of the Audience* 



II B 1 c (1) 


Dziennik Chicagoski, Iviiy 3, 1897. 


KT^ASia voLuiTT;i:i:HS 

"Dwie Sieroty" /Two OrphansT" v/as pres'^nted ^resterday (Sunday) at Pulaski liall, 
by Company C of the Pulaski Volunteers, before a full house. 'The hard work of 
the amateurs was aptly displayed on the starve, and their reward came when the 
curtain fell on the last act, for the applause was more than enthusiastic. 

The audience realized that this ivas the finest ^lav that was ev^^r Dresented 
on the stage of Pulaski Ilall. Ttie crowd and the financial returns were indica- 
tive of the success of the play. 



II B 1 c (1) POLISH 

Dzieanlk Chicagoski > I»&iy 1, 1897. 



(Correspondence) ^ 

Two plays, '•Werbel Domowy** /Domestic Noisemakei7 ^^^ **Slowiczelc^ ^ightingaleT", p 

were presented last Sunday (April 25) , at the St. Adalbert Parish by the C 

St. Cecilia Singers* Society, before a capacity audience* Both performances ^ 
were acclaimed by the crowd. 


In the first play, the following took part: J. Macholz, W. Gadzinski, 

J. Nowobielski, B* Wichert, E. Szyperska, and R. Pawlowska* Every amateur was 

at his best* 

The second drama was executed by Anna Muchowska, John Sienkiewicz, M. Malinowski, 
and S. Eujawski. 


II B 1 C (1) - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chlcagoski > May 1, 1897 • 

Both performances were entertaining and full of surprises^ The St. Cecilia 
Singers* Society merits recognition for its hard work* When the audience 
left for home, it had the feeling of desiring more from this group in the % 
future. 5> 

One of the Audience. C 




II 3 1 c (l) POLISH 


IV Dziennik Ghicugoski , Apr, 26, 1697. 


(Editorial) : 

Twelve public programs in the foiri of theatrical, concert, and other social 
entertainment were staged yesterday througnout the Polisn communities in 
Chicago* This is indeed a record, one that tne remainder of the Poles in 
tiiG United Jtates could not match. It must also be added that all the halls 
where tne exercises were staged were filled to capacity. iJ.1 events were 
unusually pleasing to the audiences. Unfortunately, it Js Impossible to 
write about all the celebrations because of lack of space, but a few words 
must be said about trie 3t . Casimir Young l.Ien*s Society. 

The Polish Hall, located on Bradley Street near Noble street, was practically 
filled to capacity. The drav;ing power v/as the play '*Cave of the Condemned,*' 
in five acts, by ix. 3. Zazieblov;ski. All actors were at their best* A 
great deal of the success of the drama must be credited to Szczesny Zahajkiev/icz, 


II B 1 C (1) - 2 - POLISH 

III 2 

IV Dziennik Chicagoski . 25, IByv, 


director^ 3 

Instead of offering hxga praj se to tae Polisn youths for their excellent per- F 
foiTxances, we will emphasize that we desire more programs of this sort fron ^ 
them* o 




II E 1 c (1) 
II 3 1 a 


Jsieru.ik Ghicagoski , 1 ar. 1, 1897. 

"I^VC CRrllAIIS" 32riGED aT POLISH liS- 



It is a v;ell-::ncv;n fact that an expert cast is necessar,. in order to stage 
such a play as "Di*^ Sieroty" (ri70 Orphans). .Vith the lack of any great 
a:::ount or local talent one can easily appreciate the difficulties that must 
be hurdled in such an endeavor. 

The St. Cecilia Men»s Choir, of St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish, under the 
guidance of the skillful local draiiatist and creator of the play, Szczesny 
Zahajkiewicz, performed their parts very creditably'-. 

"D^m Sieroty" v;as staged by this riroup yesterday (Sunda^O ^^t the Polish Iiall 
before a capacity crov;d. Vincent J. Jozwiakoivski displa^^ed the art of a 






II B 1 c (1) . - 2 - POLISH 

II 3 1 a 

IV Dziennik Chica;::oski , Liar. 1, 1897. 

olisiied actor in iiis leading role. Mrs, Rose Tarkov;slca and Lrs. ^-i. 
Jozivialcov/ska portrayed their leading feminine roles nasterfully. Ct^ier 
players v;ere: IJrs. :(• Gorz^Tiska, l.Iiss A. Koppa, John Nering, A. Drzonok, 
and J", Gsekala. 



It is needless to sa^*- that the perfor.T.ance v/as a success, and the enthusiastic co 


applause of the audience v;as sufficient rev/ard for the actors, i;^ 

The musical x:ortions of the :lay were ^.inder the direction of .-jidrew 
Kwasigroch. The music v/as furnished by the Nov/icki Brothers Orchestra, 

II B 1 c (1) 

II B 3 

Dziennik Chlcagoskl . Feb. 23, 1897. 



An original two-act play, "Podstep Cyklistki" (A Cyclist's Strategy), by 
Edward 7J. Reichel, v/as presented Saturday, February 20, at the Bohemian 
Hall by the Polish Cyclists' Club, The play depicted the life of a cer- 
tain Polish-American group, typical of the times* The leading roles were 
portrayed by John Wisniewski, Albert Rutkov/ski, Alexander Grabowski, and 
F. Sztermer. 


Mock bicycle races v/ere held on the stage after the play. The result in 



the two-mile race was as follows: Albert Hutkowski, two minutes and eighteen ^ 
seconds; F. Sztermer, two minutes and nineteen seconds; Al Grabowski, two 
minutes and twenty seconds; and John Wisniewski, tv;o minutes and forty-five 
seconds. Mr. Rutkowski was awarded a gold medal. 

II B 1 c (1) POLISH 


17 Dziennik Cliicag03kl > Feb. 23, 1897 • 


The Initial play of the newly formed Dramatic Circle of St. John Cantius Parish, 
was presented to the public Sunday, February 21, at Vfalsh's Hall. Proceeds of ^ 
the play went toward the purchase of new bells for the church. 5 

A capacity crowd attended this benefit affair and enjoyed the skillful presenta- P 
tion of "Children of Israel," an original play by Szcsesny Zahajkiewicz. The 
young actors perforiied very well, especially in Acts I and V. LSisical niombers, 
\mder the direction of F. Kwasinges, captivated the audience. 



Music by Henzel's Orchestra added color as well as harmony to the Polish drama, cr^ 
lliss F. KLelminska took the leading feminine role. Her portrayal of "Cyny" was 
excellent. The audience enjoyed the entire performance. 

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II B 1 





Dziannik Chica^^oski , Feb. 15, 1897 • 

iIrJ?KS IIS T£imi xunTIT-iSS^Y 

.i. special pro i^ram marking, the tenth amilrevsuirj of the St. Gasinir Young Hen^s ^ 

Society v/as presented to the public yesterday at the St. Stanislaus Kostka ^ 

Parish school hall. The large hall vr^is Tilled to capacity v;hen 3. Klarkowski, ^ 

chair^^nan of the procraii, i^de the introductory speech • Speeclies v/ere also made C 

by John ZlerinGi president of the societ:/, John F. Smulski, and the Reverend ^ 
Francis Gk)rdon. 





The contents of the speeches will not be iiientionod in viei; of the proi^iise i:^ 
made by the recording secretary, Leon M. Szopinski, that the full text of each 
will be sent to the editorial departirjsnt of the Dziennik Chicagoski « 

It Y/ould be difficult to vnrite about the declamation presented by Hiss R. 
Gorzynska, for her recitation of Sewerina Duchinska's patriotic poen "Jeszcze 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III C Dziennik Chicasoski , Feb. 15, 1897. 


IV Polska Nie Zginela" (Poland Is Not Yet Lost) vjas nothing short of 


The son^s of the St. Cecilia Men*s Choir were appropriate to the occasion. The 
numbers vjere especially prepared for the celebrants by F. Nov/icki, and his 

The members of the St. Casiiair Young lien's Society presented a short skit, 
'^Grainatyka" (Grammar), by S. Kozraian. I^essrs. ^^ugust C. Klafta. Vincent J. 
Jozv/iakov/ski, Jacob Osz;valdov;ski, Anthony Banvic, and Mrs. i^jina Jozv/iakov/ska 
took part in this comedy. The response from the audience vjas gratifying to 
the players. 

The entire program staged by this society vras enjoyed by the large audience. 


orchestra supplied the accompaniment. zo 

W. Banvic swept the audience back to the fatherland with his rendition of an ^ 
aria from Honiuszko's immortal opera "Kalka". 


II B 1 c (1) - 3 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III C Dziennik Chicagoski > Feb. 15, 1897. 
Ill E 

17 It is hoped that this croup v;ill continue its fine v;ork. 



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II 3 1 


Dsie:-.i'c Gliio-., .o3':i 



J. r(u 

Yesterday afternoon (Sunday) an entertaining program was staged by the St. 
John Cantins Dramatic Circle at the local parish hall, A large crowd was on 
hand and enjoyed every act. Short speeches, songs, and declamations were on 
the bill of entertainment. 

Among the performers the follov;ing were outstanding in their presentations: 
The Misses M. Sikorska, L^. Bukowska, and J. Zietala, who sang solos. Songs by 
F, Gribasiewicz and Casimir Andrzejewski touched the hearts of the audience* 
Kiss Josephine Hintz was flawless in her declamations. A speech urging the 
Poles to work together was delivered by J. Sobota. Another talk presented 
by Francis Sadzicki drove the audience to laughter. 

The singing of the Polish National hymn, "God Save Poland," concluded the 
entertainment , 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III C Dziennlk Chicagoski , Feb. 15, 1897 • 

The Dramatic Circle has decided to present such light programs every tv;© 
weeks, in order that the Polish youth may become acquainted with Polish culture. 


II E 1 c (1) POLISH 


Dziennik Chicagoski , Feb. 15, 1897. 


A capacity audience greeted the St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish Dramatic Circle 
at the St. Mary of Perpetual Help Parish School hall yesterday (Sunday). 
Two plays were presented, "Lord Dzi.vak" (Lord Prodigy), and '♦Sto Tysiecy*^ 
(One Hundred Thousand). All performers played their best. Lliss Czajka and 
Hr. Kondziorski presented outstanding characterizations. 

After the peri'onaance the ainateui' players v;ere invited to the reccory by the 
pastor, P.everend Stanislaus Kawrocki. g 



The proceeds of the plays went toward the church fund. 

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II B 1 a 


Dzlennilc Chicagoaici , Feb. 6, Ib^V. 

TiiO GOIZDI^S 1??ZS:L:7J!sD BY ^L'iTjJUIt GftGUP m 

ST. ffii-DV.IG PARISh 

Two snort cuiedies were presented yesterday at tiie St. Hedvag Pansn scnool nail 
by a local dramatic circle. The rirsti, "Ten Thousand Maries," in tv/o acts, was 
a musical farce, v/nile tne second, "Tajemnicn" (The Secret), v;as a light comedy. 
Both proved enjoyable to the capacity audience. 

In the rirst play the rollov;ing tooif part: T. Laraa, S. PawliCiCi, J. Naskret, 
T. Jablonski, A. Matza, F. Piszczeic, kiss L. rochelsrca, and Liiss C» Lana. Those 
taking part in the second play were: 3» V/ieaeman, •>". G-asikovvski , Miss M. 
Kaminska, and lirs. A. 'iViedeman. ALl played like veteran artists# 

Laughter reigned throughout both plays ana eacn received entnusi stic applause 
at Its conclusion. Mr. V/iederaan demonstrv^ted tnat he not only is an able 
organist but also a capable actor* 

Il i:^ 1 c (1) - 2 - POLLStI 

II B 1 a 

Dziennlk Chicagoskl , Feb* 8, 1897. 

The St* Eed\\rig Drejiiatic Circle and the 3t* Hedwig Choir should be Icuded for 
their outstanding perfcnaances. 

II 5 1 c (1) POLISH 

II E 1 a 

Dziennik Gliicagos-:! , j'eb. 8, 1897. 


A historical drama, '^Krysztof Zegocki" (Christopher Zerocki) , an ori^^inal 
play by iVnthony Jax, a talented v;riter, nuoicica:, c-.tA artist, v/as presented 
yesterday at the relish Kail, Bradley ?ind iroble Streets. It v;ould be inpos- 
sibl:; tc pive a coiriplete reviev; of this play. Suffice it to say that 
•'Krysztof Zerocki*' has the :iuc:lities that rr^ke it enjoyable to people of all 

The cos tunes, the players, and the act in,- broufht out the best effects of 
the play. The "olay on the v;hole v/as well produced. 

The St. Hyacinth Theatrical Club, of 3t. Hyacinth Parish, demonstrated that 
it has taken dramatics seriously. A. Kochnski, P. Hyks, JoseT)h Jaks, Hrs. 
T. .Vachholtz, Hiss A. Prenowska, and Mr. Jaszkovjski //ere outstanding arrionc 
the players. .7hen the curtain fell on the last act, hearty applause filled 

II E 1 c (1) 
II E 1 a 

_ o _ 


Dziennik Chicanoski , ?3b. 8, 1897. 

the auditoriuin. 

Credit also must "be ^^riven for the fine singing in the second and third acts. 

A capacity crowd attended. 

II B 1 c (1) POLISH 

Dzleanlk Chlcagoslci , Jaii* 23, 1897. 
r.VO FLAYS ST..GZD 11^ ST. ^.dJ^^ i'.-.RI3K 

The Thaddeus ^sciuszko Dramatic Cluo, of St. Adaloart Parisn, staged two 
siiort plays, '^Surdut I Sierraiega^ (Coat and Sraock), ana "Sprzedanie Slonia»» 
(Sale of an Slepiiant), at Pulaski Hall on January 1V» TJie leading roles :S 
v;ere played by .,:. KruszkOAsici, J. Glaza, ^^ntluny Plakov/slci, Ignace Kucaborski, 5 
Mrs* A. Kuczborska, Josephine ilrasoczyk, and Llarianne Glaza. 3 

iill of the amateurs played their bsst and their efforts were rev;urdea by Z^ 
generous applause* The hall was filled to capacity* Lidnight tolled at the 2 
end of the performance. -^ 

- ■* 

Eope is expressed that tnis draraatic C-ub will stage other plays in the future. ' 

One of the patrons. 

II B 1 c (1 ) POLISH 

II D 4 

Dzlennik Chicagoski . Jan. 21, 1897, 


The Dramatic Circle of St, Stanislaus Kostka Parish has donated one half of 
its net profit from a play, "Two Orphans," staged on January 10, to the Holy - 
Family Orphanage, The contribution amounts to thirty-two dollars. I 

Sincere thanks are extended to J. Jarzeiiibowski for offering free transporta- - 

tion to and from town in order to deliver costumes used in the play. This '\ 

kind gesture made possible a savings of two dollars, which should be con- • 
sidered as a direct donation on the part of I'v. Jarzembowski» 

-- > 

II B 1 C (1) POLISH 

Dzlennik Chlcagoski , Jan* 11, 1897 • 


The play ^TJwie Sieroty^ (The Two Orphans) was presented by the Dramatic Circle 
of St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish at the Polish Hall last night before a capaci- 
ty audience. Encouraged by the enthusiasm of the crowd the amateur players 
surpassed themselves in their acting, despite the difficulties of their lines. 

Although the play was rather long~sight acts — it was over a fev/ minutes 
before 11 P. M. This was made possible by the little time that was taken for 
intermission and between the acts. 

Who was the outstanding actor? Whose performance was the best? It would be 

Szczesny Zahajkiewicz, author and director of ^Dwie Sieroty,** triumphantly 
announced that the difficulties of his play had been overcome by the capable ^^ 
cast. This was brought about through hard work, he said. 


' ' II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 

Dzienniic Clilcagoskl > Jan# 11, 1897 • 

difficult to say because all of the actors played their best, including those ^ 

that appeared on the stage for the first time* The outstanding feminine 5 

roles were played by Mesdames Tarkowska, Gorzynska, Jozwiakoxvsk^, Koppa, and ~. 

Baczynska. The leading male roles were ably done by Messrs. jro2.wiakowski, r; 

Nering, Kikulski, Brochocki, Czekala, and Drzonek* The most difficult parts ^ 

were expertly acted by Mr. and Mrs. Vincent Jozwiakovrski, who played the o 
parts of the two orphans* Although Mr. Jozwiakowski's part was that of a 

crippled waif, nis wife was not able to outshine him in the acting. S 

Last night's performance can easily be considered the best since the appear- 
ance of Madame Helen modjeska* The Dramatic Circle can be classed as the 
best Polish amateur group in America* It is evident from the number in the 
audience last night, that the Poles of Chicago are avjare of this standing. 

Judging by the enthusiastic applause of the audience, it is safe to say that 
if the Dramatic Circle were to repeat this performance within the near future 
a like crowd would attend. 

— I 


II B 1 c (1 ) POLISH 

II B 1 a 

I A 2 a Dziennlk Ciiicagoski , Jan. 4, 1397 • 


Two plays **St. Iviciiolss" and ^'Fvofessor^ were sta;;!:ed by the school children 
of St.Mary of Perpetual Help Parish on January 1» The program was greatly 
enjoyed by the capacity audience. Besides the two plays, speeches, drills, 
and declamaticns were on the bill of entertainment. All were heartily ap- 

One of the most impressive numbers was t:iat of the school children who sang a 
song of v/elcome to the pastor and the parents* 

The program was concluded with the presentation of a tableau, **The Mother of 
God, Guardian of the Innocent"". 

It is needless to say that the audience enjoyed the performance* The applause 
and chesring spoke for itself* The audience was reluctant to leave; however, 

II B 1 c (1) -2- POLI.SH 

II B 1 a 

I A 2 a Dzieajiik Chicagoski , Jan. 4, 1897 • 

it was comforted to hear that a January exercise, a patriotic event commemO' 
rating the uprising of January, 1863, against Russia, ^Nill be staged on the 
twenty-fourth of this month. 



II B 1 c (1) 

Dzlennilc Chicagosiat June lb, 1896 • 



The well-known play *'Dzieci Izraela** (Children of Israel), by Szczesny Zahaj- 2 

kiev/iczi was given last night in the Bradley Street nail. The perrormance p: 

was excellent • Tne amateurs d3serving mention are Mrs» Rose Kwasigroch, r; 
Mrs. Anna Jozwiakowska, Miss Gorzynska, J. Grabowiecki, Vincent J# Jozwiakowski, -o 

John Kondziorski, A. Klafta, John Nering, and John Czekala. All the actors o 

did very well* The singing was superb# The hail was filled with an go 

appreciative crowd* C3 


II B 1 c (1) 



Jr UJ-j j-^vj. ' 

Dziennik Chic''7-or3]:i, June 11, in9G. 

-ly^ ^fTT'^' ^-.rp^^'^ ^-v ■.(TV "f^TT'T''^'' ".^ V^T^^T 


The Pclish Cadets of IIol:* Trinity T^urich in Chica.^o r^avo a perfornanci 
last SuncL-.y of V.\2 five-net drr.rji entitle:! "Sobieoki .kt Vienna*^ 

The ■^erforr.ance , vrhic'.: v;as yivcn in the "ari'^li I-iall, v;ai' i:c excellent 
that it v;as decided to re:^eat it on June *:0 in At-o11o Hall, 14 './ill Street 
AdnisGion 15 cents and 10 cent::. 

II B 1 c (1 ) POLISH 


Dziennik Chica^osiaL , May ^6, 1B96» 

PiCRl*'ORLuJ.^Cii; bY T:IE TiiiiL^TRICx^L CLUB OF .^Q^^.dZ 

The not too nunieroui: but select audience asserribled in 3zulc*s hall to see 
the co.Tiody "Ulica nad V/isla** (Street near the Vistulfi) was much pleased with 

the perfonnance given by the young amateurs composing the Drtunatic Circle oi* 
Saint r^acinth Parish* 

Ir we consider tkit the irienbers of this new Circle had never bercre appeared ^ 

en any stage, then it must be admitteci. that they portrayed their various ^ 

roles in an excellent roanner. Of course, here and there the acting could 
have been better but on t::e v/hole the play v;as acted beautifully. One 
striking feature of the perform^Ance v^as the pure Polish spoken by the 
amateurs, v/hici is a rarity among Poll sh«.^eri cans© 

In a word, the Circle proved "^ihat it possesses very valuable amateur talent* 
Their excellent coaching is the work of Hw. Casimir Keuinan, who deserves 



11 B 1 c (1) . - ^ - I'QLl^n 


Dziennik: Chicagoski , ivluy 26, ldy6» 

full credit for his aisinter':jated v;ork ar.:cng tne pcttrictic ycutli of Saint 

i:5yacinth Parish. ^ 

J — 
The Theatrical club of Avondale nas decided to nelp the puri sh in a r;; 

material manner, and to stud3^ Polish literature and Polish history. tVe gg 

extend to them our neartiest wishes for tne greatest possible success. 2 


A Pole 7ropi Avondale. Ii:3 

II 3 1 c (1) 

III C ~ 

Dziennik Ghicacoski , Apr. :^0, 1896. 

^OHn:^^^ PLAY3D 37 TH^ 3T. J0S2HI SOCIK'IT 

The St. Joseph Society, of St. John Cantius Parish, c^v^ a theatrical per- 
fomanco j'-esterday in v:alsh»s Hall, at the corner o:? Noble and jlnina Streets, 
of the tv/o-act oonedy ^Cryle" (The Feathers). 


The hall v^as filled conpletalj/, about one thousand persons being present. 
The amateurs played their parts ver^'- well, especially ..liss Helen Piatkowska, ^ 
I.Ir. Hichael Ratajczak, Llr. Jacob rj:oczkov/sIdL , ::r. John L-^na, :.:r. Joseph 7;;^ 

V/alinski, and LIr. Stanislaus Pawlov/ski. A duet v/as sung beautifully by Hiss ^^ 
Prances Mysiak and Miss Julia Grzadzinska. 


The members of the St. Joseph Society are improving all the time. Bravo: D^ 

II B 1 e (1) POLISH 

II B 1 a 

I A 2 a Dzlennlk Chicag08ki > Apr* 13, 1896. 




The school children of Saint John Cantius Parish gave a performance yesterday 3 
in the upper school hall that was a success in every way* The heill was f" 
filled. "-^ 

The main attraction was •'Aquilina,^ a drama containing four acts, five 

scenes, and a tableau, which pleased everybody so much last year* This year, ^ 

again, the acting was superb, the costumes were beautiful, the girls were 

charming, their diction was extremely correct, the scenery was flawless, all 

of which proves that the sister-teachers do not mind the work and also shows 

how intelligent their students are. 

The last tableau was especially marvelous; it created a tremendous impression. 

Equally pleasing were the little girls in the sketch "^Busy Bees"; they were 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - PQLISFI 

II B 1 a 

I A 2 a Dziennik Chicagoski , Apr. 13, 1896 • 


applauded time and again. 

During intermission the local choir, directed by 7. Idvasinski, the 

organist, sang a fev; son^s, and the carefully instructed orchestra of snail J^ 

boys, v;ho have shov/n creat pro^jress, played, and v;ere follov/ed by violin ^ 

and piano playing by Llr. Frank Kryl (a Bohemian) and Ivj:. otanislaus 



The performance ended very early, it began at se^'en-thirty o'clock in the J 
evening and continued v/ithout a break until just a little before ten o'clock. 

II B 1 c (1) 

II .. :o 

Dziemiik Chica^^oski , 13, 1896, 


"152 JEV;" 

rue Polish Tailors' Society gave a beautil*ul theatrical perfcrr.iance tl;e other 
niciit in '.Valsh's iiall. It played the v/ell-knov;n Lubcvjslri draiia, -'The Jew". 

The castinc of tl:ie roles v;as excellent. LIrs. Ziolkov/ski portrayed the role 
of the Countess beautifully, v/ith true artistic feeling;. I.h:s. Barssezawski 
v;as a very pleasing: I'elen, and :.j?3. Clbinski, as usual, played ner role like 
a real artist. 

The nen's roles v/ere :..lso played in an excollont rnmier. Lj?. iOafta as Count 
.idaj.i Trras r.rand. Lj:. V.bjnicki, as usual, did justice to his role. I.Ir. V/. 
Silcucki and 1.2r. J. Sikucki rounded out the perfcrix^nce ver^^^ nicely. 

The audience, v/hich v.'as quite nuiaerous , applauded VKinily and frequently. 

II B 1 c (1) 


17 Dzlennlk Chicagoskl, Mar. 16, 1896. 




A meeting of the Dramatic Circle of St. Stanislaus Xostka Parish was held last 

The presidentjMr. John Czekala, made a very comical speech, which caused much 

Reverend Eugene Sedlaczek read the nev constitution of the Dramatic Circle, which 
was approved. Cthe^ important matters were then discussed, and a committee was 
selected to choose a play and arrange a date for the next theatrical performance. 
The regular monthly meetings of the Dramatic Circle will be held on the second 
Thursday of every month. 

Six new members joined the Circle at yesterday's meeting. 


II B 1 c (1 ) POLISH 


Dzlennik Chicagoski > Mar. 14, 1896. 


(We received the following correspondence with a request that it be published 
in the Dziennik Chicagoski . ) 

Yesterday's exhibition of pictures, on stereo pt icon slides, of the **Passion 
of our Lord, Jesus Christ,** was more successful than expected. 


There were many guests from other parishes, especially St. Stanislaus Kostka o 
and Holy Trinity Parishes. At the entrance, very few inquired for the cheap- 
est tickets; the great majority demanded the highest priced tickets — twenty- 
five cents a person. 

There is an old Polish adage that joy goes hand in hand with sorrow, and yes- 
terday it was truly so, because practically all in the audience shed tears 
during the scenes depicting the cruel '^Passion of our Lord, Jesus Christ, ♦♦ 

II B 1 c - 2 - POLISH 


Dziennik Chicagoski , Mar, 14, 1896. 

while they laughed at other pictures, lA^hich v;ere comic. 

The entire proceeds were turned over to the St. John Cantius Church Building 

Reverend John Kasprzycki, 

of the Resurrectionist Congregation, 

pastor of St. John Cantius Parish. 


II B 1 c (1) POLISH 


IV Dzlennllc Chlcagoskl > Mar# 2, 1896 • 


(We have received the following correspondence, with a request that we pub- 
lish it in the Dzienniic Chicagoski ») 

A meeting of the Dramatic Circle, and of those amateurs who wish the Dramatic 
Circle of the St. Stanislaus Parish would continue to exist, was held yesterday -6 
afternoon. The meeting was called to order by the pastor. Reverend Eugene ^ 
Siedlaczek, who had issued the call for the meeting. The subject of discus- p 
sion was the reorganization of the Circle. ^ 

According to an announcement, the members present at the last meeting had -^ 
decided to dissolve the Circle. 

Inasmuch as the constitution of the Circle provides that the organization 
shall continue to exist so long as there are ten or more members (and at the 
time it was decided to dissolve the organization there were more than ten 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 


IV Dzlennlk Chlcagoskl, Mar^ 2, 1896# 

members), and inasmuch as the members should have received written notifica- 
tion before such an important step was taken (and they did not receive such 
a notification), those present at the meeting yesterday voted to reconsider 
the motion to dissolve the Circle. They then voted that the society should 
be reorganized, and should continue to function* 

After this motion was passed, four members who were opposed to the continued 
existence of the Circle walked out of the meeting and all those remaining~men^ 
and women— announced, that they wished to continue as members of the Dramatic r- 
Circle, and to continue their labors in the dramatic and patriotic fields. n? 

After a lengthy discussion, it was decided to revise the constitution, and ; 
three members were delegated to do this. r. 

The election of a new administration followed • The following were elected: 
John Gzekala, president; Scczesny Zahajkiewicz, vice-president and dramatic 
director; Andrew J*. Kwasigroch, musical director; Ladislaus Barwig, recording 

II B 1 c (1) -3- POLia 

< III C 

17 Dzlennllc Chlcagoski > Mar» 2, 1896. 

secretaryj J. Burcliardt, financial secretary; John Nering, treasurer; 
¥. Budzban, and J. Nov/ak, marshals; J. Kikulski, costuirer; liiss T. Bock, 
costumer; J. Jarzembowski, stage manager; A* Drzonek, host. 


This concluded the meeting* The Dramatic Circle, therefore, exists and will 
continue to function* 


Ladislaus Barwig, -n 

recording secretary of the Dramatic Circle o 
of St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish. 



II 3 1 c (1) gO^I^H 

Dziennik ahicagoski , :.:ar. 2, 1896. 

t:i^ jubzlbe o7 jJiii] polish TLL^u^^zjui n; Giiiciac 

Ar.ionc a croup of rolisli Ciiicacoaiis interested in theatrical perfor:.iances, a 
very interesting idea lias jeer; bom. 

.The tv/enty-fifth anniversar:.- of zlie first Polish aiaateur theatrical porforLiance ^ 
takes place this year. It v;as probably the first one in .j:ierica. g 

Cur anateurs, both :ien and v;or.en, decided to celebrate tiie anniversary^ of the f~ 

first lolish theatrical pcrfori;:ance. It is proposed that a perfor..:ancc be "^ 

given by the best talent aiuonc us, tor,ether v;ith an appropriate celebration. g 
It is possible that so:..e of those a:.iatours v;ho took part in the first per- 

forir^ice tv;enty-five years aco will be able to tah-e part in tne celebration. .:5 

Tlie idea is very finu. i:\irther particulars v;ill be announced by us later. 

II B 1 C (1) POLISH 

III C * 

Dziennik Chicagoskl , Feb. 27, 1896* 


In yesterday's issue of Dziennik Chicagoskl I read an article stating that the 
Dramatic Circle of the St* Stanislaus Parish has been dissolved* ^ 

This is a false report* ^ 

^ — 

There is a certain misunderstanding that will be explained on Sunday, at 4 P. M,, ^ 
at a meeting to v/hich all the members of the Circle are invited* ^ 

Eugene Siedlaczek, C. R. 

II B 1 C (1) POLISH 


II C Dziennik Chlcagoskl , Feb. 27, 18960 


Ctfe have received the following correspondence, with a request that we publish 
it in the Dziennik Chicagoski .) 

The Dramatic Circle of the Holy Trinity Parish held a dance in Groenwald Hall 
on the last Sunday before Lent» It lasted until the break of day. 

At the suggestion of the president of the Circle, a collection was taken for 
the Kosciusko Moniiment fund# Four dollars and five cents v/ere received. 



The next theatrical performance will tako place April 23» The play, '^Emigracya j 
Chlopska** (Peasants' Emigration) will be given. 

I wish to remind the members that our quarterly meeting will be held next 
Tuesday* Absent members will be fined twenty-five cents. 

C. Grolebiewski, secretary. 

II B 1 c (1) F0LI3E 


Dziennik Chica.'oski , Feb. ^6, 1896 • 


kosti:a pai^:I3H c;; 


' —' 
"v- - 

The Dramatic Circle of the Patriotic Organization, in the St. Stanislaus Xostka 
Parish, about .vhich v/e have had occasion to v;rite often in a very favorable 
manner, and vriiich has v/orked for quite a fevi years for the benefit of the Polish 
people, in the theatrical and T)atriotic fields, v/as dissolved the other day.... 
The reasons for this sten are unknovm to us. 

?/e are ^i-'^en to understand, hov;ev-^r, that many of the youn^? amateurs, who 
understand the purpose and importance of such a patriotic and ai*amatic circle, 
have called on the reverend pastor v/ith an appeal to revive the Circle, or to 
form a new one. 

We are told that the pastor promised the brave young amateurs to do all he can. 
At present, v/e wish them success in their undertaking, and if anything is done 
we will gladly publish the news. 

II B 1 c (1) 


Dziennik Chicar-^oski , Feb, 17, 189 6* 


The DrajTiatic Circle of the St. Johr) Cantius parish gave a performance of 
"Grencwefa** (Genevieve) yesterday'', in '.'alsh's hall» 

The hall was so filled that t.iere was a shortage of chairs, and the gallery 
was packed to the edges. 

The main role of '^Genov.'efa'* was played by Miss M. Sikorski Vi^ith such feeling 
and understanding that many of the audience could not stop crying. The role 
of '^Golo*' was portra3''ed by L'r. ?• Gibaslewicz excellently, "Boles'* v/as the 
eleven-year-old P. Kielczynski, a pleasant, nice lad who acted well and de- 
served all the applause he received, llr. J. "^Jasialev/ski, in the role of 
'^Zygfryo^'* was excellent. The role of "Hen^-'O** v/as played by }J!r. J. Rydwelski, 
and he auused the audience considerably. Miss '7, Ilanke deserved praise and 
applause for har wonderful portrayal of the witch, "Dulda'*# 


<•» / 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - FCLISH 

Dzieimlk Chica3;oski , reb.l7, 1396» 

The entire perfonaance was uaexpectadly successful, and the acting by all 
the individual players v^-as splendid. 

The youthful orchestra, under tlie direction of I^r* Jax, gave a spirited 
exhibition. Yesterday's performance, which really was wonderful, proves that 
the young people of St. John Cantius parish are studying, and they deserve 
much credit. 

It is too bad that, during the p3rforjnance, we could hear a little too much 
talking, in the audience, in the English lanf^uage. S 



II B 1 c (1) POLISH 

Dzlennik Chlcagoski , Feb. 17, 1896. 

me Dramatic Circle of the St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish g&ve a perforinance of 
two short drainas, ••Jam Bogaty** (I Am Rich) and ••Tajemnica" (Secret), last night. 

In the first play, Miss R. Gorzynski must be awarded the honors, and, in the 
second, Mr. J. Oszwaldowski portrayed the role of '•Jedrus** very well. Besides 
those mentioned, the following also took part in the performance: Mr. August 
Klafta, Mr. J. Burchardt, Mr. R. Szajkowski, Mrs. Koppa, Mrs. Debkowski, and 
Mrs. Baczynski. All of the players portrayed their individual roles as best 
they could. The first play was rather weak; the second one pleased everybody. 
Unfortunately, the audience was comparatively small. 

II B 1 c (1) 

Dziennik Ohicagoski, Jan. 22, 1896, 




( Correspondence ) p 

The Dramatic Circle of Prince Joseph ±oniatov;ski in 3t, j.dalbert Parish pre- g 
sented tv^o plays Sunday, January 19, in the Parish hall, 16th and Paulina 

The first was "Kwiat Paproci, Czyli Noc Czarodziejska^ ^ (The Flower of a 
Fern or One kagic Night), by Ix. Szczesny Zahajkiev;icz, I'he main roles 
were played by Mr. F. Daniel, Ijo. 2^. Kichler, Llr. './. Pelka, and l.jr. L. 
Kruszkov;ski. The role of the witch was excellently portrayed by Ivliss B. 
Krasinska; that of the king, by :..r. Frank Herek. 

The second play was ^ Tieniadz-Smiercczyli Zabojstv/o *^ (Ivloney — Death or Ivlurder), 
vo^itten by Llr. Pav;lowski. 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 


Dziennik Chicagoski , Jan. 22, 1C96. 

In this play the roles v;ere portrayed as follov.s: The host by the author 
himself (done excellently); Liss xl. Tatara; Mr, :?'rank Daniel (played the role 
of a Jew very realistically); '.;. irelka; and ^i, Pachler (played v;ell). 

The minor roles v/ere played by F. Herek, L. Ligmanov;ski, i.l. GzajkoV;(Ski, 
i«x. Kruszkowski, J* i^locharz, J., J. Lev/ , I^. Torchalski, 
Ivliss lid*, Liss ^^. Kabat, and i,ass R. Pawlowski. 

Both plays were excellently played. The hall was crov.ded and the aifiateur 
players were rev;arded with tuiaultuous applause. 

The Lieifibers of our young Circle are bravely ^^oing to work and are perfecting 
their Polish, i^ll honor and praise to the:a for this. 

One of those present. 

II B 1 c (1) * POLISH 


Dzleimlk Chlcaopskl ^ Jan. 22, 1896. 


Last Sunday, January 19, the Society of John III Sobieskl celebrated the 
tenth anniversary of its organizatiou, Mr. W. Pacholski, the organizer 
of this society, opened the celebration with an appropriate speech. Then 
a group of amateur players presented a comedy, "Weselena Pradnikr" (A 
Wedding on the Pradnik. River in Poland; also name of a suburb of Cracon) : 
The perfornance \7as excellent. Reverend /AAolphl Novrtcki and Reverend 
^rancisT^ Wojtalewicz froia South Chicago were also present at this cele- 
bration. There were so many guests that Mr. Templin^s hall could not 
accoiTDTiodate then all. 

II . led) xCLIbH 

-II C 

Dziennik Chicagoski , Jan. 13, 1896. 

Yesterday's Lheatrical T:erfor:r.a:-.ce i'or the beiBfit of the iievi church in 

St. iiyacinth Parish was a splendid success, J 

The hall v/as filled to the liinit and the audie .ce \*ms pleased. 'he acting, we ::: 

nu.>t say, v/as :-e: ond criticisii, and Lhe audience did not spare applause or sincere :;; 
praise for the actors* r-.ood acting -md ^-'•ood v;ill. 

.X dance follo.ved the shov/. 

.everybody had an enjoyable tirtie, aid the ^t. Tohn Cantius Circle helped with 

their sinr*in^. Cur r'ood people from 3t» John Gantius, ^t. iiedwip, a-d 

ot. Hyacinth parishes en.loyed ther^selves as real crothers late inbo the niif?ht, 

1 c (1) 


■r T '-^ 

Dzier.nik Ohicaros'ci, jaw. 13, l£-96. 

aid ...v. v^rabcv/iecki, the Lost, ;rds ovei* vvatehiul to see that everyone vras 

II B 1 c (1) 


Dziennik Chicacoski , Jan. 12, 1896. 

The St. Cecilia Society Theatrical Entertainment was held yesterday in 
Schoenhofen Hall, Mil;vaukee and Ashland Avenues. 


Tv;o one-act comedies were played: ^'Schadzka^ {A Date) and "Stryj Przyjechal^* ^ 

(Uncle Arrived). Those acting in the first comedy were Kirs. Gorzynski, LIr. C 

Kuntowski, and IJr. V/ieckowski. Llr. Huntov/ski, as usual, was excellent; Mr. :^ 

V/ieckowski played well, and IJrs. Oorzynski performed her part artistically. £ 

She really should appear oftener, and we hope she will shortly be one of our co 

foremost theatrical stars. ^ 

In the comedy "Stryj Przyjechal," the main roles were acted by Llr. John 
Czekala, Ivlr. Oszwaldowski, Hiss Koppa, and Lliss Kryzak. Gzekala, as usual, 
created gales of laughter and applause and all the others played very well. 

The hall was crowded. After the Derfonaance a dance v/as held. 

II B 1 c (1 ) POLISH 
I A 3 

III C Dziennik Chicagoski . Jan. 10, 1896. 


( Correspondence ) 

A meeting of the newly or-^anized Polish Theatrical Club of Avondale was held ^ 

on Tuesday evening, January 7, in the 3t. Hyacinth .arish school hall^ Ff 

There were twenty-six members present, both men and 7;omen# 3 


The pastor, Reverend J. Gieburo.vski , called the meeting to order and explained ^ 
the object and aims the club should aspire to. These are education, mental ^ 


development, and moral uplift. "The members of the club," he said, "should 
endeavor to study Polish literature and Polish history, preserve their Polish 
tongue, and entertain themselves and others vath theatrical performances." 
He strongly urged us to keep on working and educating ourselves. The reverend 
pastor's speech was warmly and enthusiastically applauded. 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 2 - POLISl 
I A 3 

III C Dzieiinik Chica:-oskl > Jan. 10, 1896, 

The election of the follov/inr; administration followed: Joseph 
Grabowiecki, president; Llenceslaus Lisiecki, vice-president; S. Zahajkiewicz, 
director; Paul I^ylis, recording secretary; I.'rs. I.Iary Ann Lisiecki, financial 
secret--iry; Ludwig Tyrakovjski, treasurer; Anthony 3zatkov;ski, co stumer; r^ 
!.!rs, Catherine Klafta, manager of the wardrobe; Bernard Bialkov;ski, librarian; --^ 
August Kochanski, marshal; Reverend J. Gieburowski, cha-plain, 3 


The next entertainment of the club will be held on Tuesday, January 14, at ^ 

seven thirty o'clock in the evening-, at ''r. Grabov/iecki' s hall. Any person 
mshing to join the club is invited to this meeting. 

Paul i.'yks, recordinr; secretary, 
1B02 Iloman Avenue. 

II B 1 c (1) POLISH 


Dzlennlk Chlcagoskl , Dec, 10, 1895« 


(The following news item was received for publication in the Dziennik Chicagoski ,) 

Through the efforts of the Reverend John Piechov/ski, pastor, the Dramatic Circle ^ 
of St* Hedwig Parish was organized recently* p 

At the initial meeting the following were elected to office: Anthony Zagrzebski, "" 
president; Petar Lama, vice-president; Frank Lipski, recording secretary; 
Joseph Rogalski, financial secretary; Francis Lorentz, treasurer; F. Piszczrtc, 
marshal; J. Kubera, in charge of wardrobe^ 

Information and letters should be sent to the secretary: 

F. Lipski, 

80 Bremen Street. 

II B 1 c (1) 
II A 2 

Dziennik Ghicagoski, ITov. 11, 1895 




Tivo pla3^s ;vere presented by the Polish Printers' -r^ssociation last night at 
the Bohemian Hall on il^inia Street. The plays, ^ajamnice" (The Secret), a 
two-act conedy by S. Dobrzanski , and "Ilecia Dla Parady" (A Son-in-law Tor 
Display), another comedy, were ably presented* g 


In -ohe first comedy I^essrs. Ilibner /sijc/ and the Llisses i::iocze;vska and 
?/• Jozv;ik, who were showered with bouquets, took part. The follovang persons •?; 
appeared in the second play: The Hisses Jolkowska and :iibner, Messrs. 
Chonarze//ski , Reichel, I^aletta, iurwasev/icz and Pardo. 

The capacity audience enjoyed both productions. 

II B 1 c (1) POLISH 

II B 1 a 

17 Dziennik Chicagoskl , Nov. 11, 1895. 


The St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish Choir, under the direction of Andrew Kwasigroch, ^ 

presented the imisical play **Lllynarz i Kominiarz** (The Lliller and the Chimney :^ 

Sweep) last night (Sunday) at the parish school hall before a capacity crowd. ^ 

Leading roles were ably acted by J. Kondziorski, Mr. Dombek, M. Brochocki, P. ^ 

Czekala, Mrs. Rose Kwasigroch, and Miss R. Koppa. .5 

In addition to this play, another short musical comedy ^itle not given/ was 
given. The leading roles were played by I^esers. Piasecki, Wieckowski, Huntowski, 
J. Nering, A. Earwig, and Mrs. Rose Kwasigroch. 

The songs and the acting thrilled the audience. Credit for this beautiful per- 
foimance should be given to Szczesny Zahajkiewicz, stage director. 


II B 1 C (1) POLISH 

Dziennik Chicarpski , llov. 4, 1895. 


(We have received the following item for publication in the Dziennik 
Chlcagoski ) : 

The undersigned wishes to inform the Polish public that a "Dramatic Circle" 
has been organized in Holy Trinity Parish. At a meeting held on October 50, 
the following officers v;ere elected: G* L:achek, director; LIr. Centela, presi- 
dent; I. Kaczorowski, vice-president; Lr. C. Golebieski, financial secretarj^; 
I'lr* tiajewski, treasurer; Ur. ICawalkov/ski , prompter; Mr. Fliziko^vski , stage 
manager; and L2r* vaeklinski, in charge of costumes* 

At the meeting it was decided to present the four-act play, "Sybiracy" 
(Siberians), by A. Zdzieblowski. The proceeds of the performance will be turned 
over to the fund being raised for nev; church bells. 

Lleetings of this dramatic society will be held on the firso Tuesday of each 
month. Those interested in the society are requested to attend the meetings. 

C. Golembieski. 


II r. 1 c (i; 


Dzienni-c C hicM7o:>kl, .'O-t. 6, I'ro. 


Tlie follov;in * article '\^an receivoc hv t:.^ DrAenuik Chicu'-'O'.;:! for 'publication: 


i recent d-av condition:^ •::ir(^ indeed tr^an- for yjli'di Cat'r.oliC:-. in .v'rica. 
attack on tl.e : oli'-h Catholic Cljiro'i in thi^- coniitr;' ir- redvicin- u.^: to a st-ite 
of de^oair nnc} dee^- r>orro',; — but it ir: in t^^iir hour of no^3d thut ohould not 
abandon our energetic -'o^-' and '.7e sl.ould suy^'-ort every ri£:in^" Catholic church, 
ever"'' iolish ^•ari3h, es^-'eciallv thooo in '.vhich the -^^-irishionerrs are honest ups\ 
have a desire to save t.eir souls. 

-T. nev; 'dish church, .t. I'-'-acintli, v;as erected in t^'^e .v/ondale cofn;iuni ty recently. 
Tlie -^aris'iioners' -..'ish for a ^er'^:anent ^^astor •■.'as rranted. 

Viesides trie v/ork in service for Ood , vjork has been berT^n aiiid the . olish youth 
of this coiniiiunity. 'riie c!:ildren 'ire over.dielniin'-ly hao-y to have tho Jisters 
of Ilazareth in char *e of the local ' olish school. ihese sa;'''e nuns are r-^s-kin'- 

II ^ 1 c (1) 



Ill G 

Dziennll-: C'.io a'^;-03::i , Je^>t. 6, 1895 


plans to establish a Irinder "^.rden for four 'ind f iTo-:"ear-oli ciiildren. 
school of thin 'r:ind v/ill ^)'^ invaluable, .arento '/rho vasli to send tiieir 
children to such a sclicol are requested to "et in touch. v;ith the hitters of 
hazareth f.^r furth.^r d'^tail^'. 

r'irst ste^^s relative to or -ar-i-in"' tlio .t. '/^^acinth '-arinh liave been taken. 
Desnite the success of thli''^ initial nove th.e i>t. ..^^acinth Church is in dire 
stress, ^\ -reat deal of hel is re^mired to :;iaiatain t:.o r-teiv-^ taken. In 
this respect th.e nenbers of t^.is ^-arinh Isavo tol.^ ;,-;o **rhe . ol ^^^ of Ciiica':o 
vjill aid us." Jecau::e of this I have conolote-i 'daiis for ti^e "resentation 
of a -olav for tr:e benefit of .t. "vacinth Oi^urch, vihich will be sta^^ed on 
Sunday, oe^tenber G. Jt. ."^aaislaus i.ov.tha ^ irisl: has •raciou3l^'■ .-ranted us 
the free use of the school '.all on :>radlev street. It is exr3cte'l 
this occasion v/ill receive tlie full sun^ort and ^atrona.-e of the loles. 

The finest lolish ar.ateurs have been secured for the olay, and they have 
riven their services free o£ char^-e. .^ Tolish orchiestra has also volunteej^ed 

II PI c (1) 


T -^ 

Dziennil: O^iic rvoG':! , ^e^nt. 6, 1895 

iLG services. 

Recaune of the careful ^lans nade for t'.e ^lav and the diptiri'-uisKed cast of 
araateur flayers takin* oart in it. I antici-»>ate a canacity crov/d at this 
benefit Tierforiaance. 

l^^everend J*o';e i]: '>ieburov7ski , 
^astor of jt. .,\''acint]i harish. 

II B 1 c (1) 

II B 1 a 


Dzienni!' Ghi Ciroski , .^n':. B6, ia95« 

'^A<^. Jt. Iledwi*:; xarish Clioir frta'-'ed tvro '^lavs '^estorday at t:ie ^t, ii^tanislaus 
KoGtka rarish dchool Hall before a caioacity audience. Over twenty priests 
v;ere present at the ^erfor-'^.ance. 


This rr.arked the first atteri^t of thin choir in the anateur theatrical field. 
The two short plays wsre: *':>d . rzekor" { j'or oT)ite) and »^;j.aslubiny Z 
1 rzeszkodarrii" (A Marria::e '^lerenony .ith hindrances). 3oth v;ere under the 
ca^^able direction of ozczenn^'' .ahajkie^ricz . 

"• t-i 

.1 Gil 

1 p 

?on"S b"^'' -'^^ 

•j\ i. ./ 

Trie music, by a local orchestra, v/as entertaining* auc 

St. Hedv;i^* Choir, under the direction of .Stanislaus Bie^^-ano-rski, -jere very 

"oleasin-* to the audience. 



Credit laust be '-iven to 

- . 1 • 

r^, ' :o-^ans>i for >:is ca-able characterizations. 

II ^-^ 1 c (1) 
II P 1 a 
11^ C 

C- J Z 

It \va3 difricult to b^llev-^ that vrjts -Di.'^' initi'il -^nn ■^j-- v.^r ly- the 
odv/i" .urisli Jhoir* as the "la^^'"• v/ore 
only t'*70 v;ee-c^ were s ^^nt in r*?- •iration.-^. 

>t. i.odvri'- .arisli Jhoir* as the j^la^^r^ v;ore 3o ^^x^-:^rtl7 erscute.:. .^ft^^r all 

'T'he hujnor, beautiful si'\ -in • an^ a^^t actin • thrilleii th^^ audi^Tiee. 
close of the -lavo ion* a- nlau -e -reete^^ tlie ^erf^ raerG. 

.^t the 

TliiG is only a berinnin* of the v/ork uoiir* laid out in .t, h'^-ivji ; 
since trie ;t:everend John : iechiO:7S-:i recently took ov^r trie ra^itorsLir. 




II B 1 c (1 ) I'OLISII 


Fv" Dzieiinil: Chicacoski ^ June :24, 1S95. 

3zin::j^iT T^^isc:u.:c:oz sLvGjd at .jt. jcei caiitius b;rigii 

The Dramatic Circle of St. John Cantius Parish stared a benefit perfoinance 
at V/alsh^s hall yesterday in honor of the birthday of I^evorend John Kasprzycki, 
pastor of the parish. The play, ''Dosac v; Ilominie'* (The Jowr^^ In the Chiiiine3'') > ^ 
in t7;o acts, \;ith son^s, v;as successfully presented to a capacity audience. '-""* 

The leadinc roles v;ere portrayed by I,*nace Ilovralski, !:r. Ratajczyk, ^^^ 

Joseph '.'asilevrsici, John Kielninslci, ^ • G. liasiev/icz, '^. ^-.bilski, I.iss IlGlcn Ig 

Piatkov/ska, and I.iss ''icnza, c2 

After the play an o::erciso ;;as presented by the beautiful ICrakov/ianlci 
/Translator's note: Younc ladies dressed in costiHies of old Cracovi/* 
This teminated the procram. 

Included aiaong the larce audience v/ere the priests of 3t. John Cantius 





II P 1 C (1 ) 


Dzlennik Chlca-oskl , ::ay 20, 1R95. 

t;:c r:"^:* p-rrrT-D at '::z:'LC»s -aLL 

Two .-^ay comedies were stared yesterday at Andrev/ :";Zulc's hall, ^97 Blackhav/k 
otreet» The lea«an- roles in the »'Zloty Cielec*' (Oolden Idol) were portrayed 
by B. I'arkiewicz and J. F. Anul^-ki. Other r.arts were ably filled by T''rs. ";• 
Jozvjik and ?. Kwasi^rroch, 

The second comedy, •'r^zkoda ''asovj*» (''y Poor ^'ustaohe), was played by ^zczesny 
Zahajkiewicz, "Rose jrwasi-rroch, ''iss Oorzynska • nd . Jozwik. 



Both plays were portrayed trje to the te:j^t, and the audience was preatly ^leased. § 
All the perforraers v;ere heartil^r applauded. ^ 

. II B 1 c (1) 

■ 17 


D-ien J-- CAkv ^^P-gJi^.^ ^-^ ^'S l^^-"'* 

ri ^^ 

• ) 

.1 X'^'^1^'. 

'rhe Dra^T:;tical Circles of ot, Jt-aii^^laus 1.0 3t>:a_I^-ri3h pr^^iontod v/ith ene>:- 
pected micof^ss ./. }^pac>l*s "ij:;C]:o Borlroino'^ /liistori^^ pors'vmaco of IFoLmicI 
dnrinc the 14t]i cent'.av -''^^o, althourli voi^r p.-itriotic, connidereu hii.'.self 
equal to the l-inc and -..'.un e::6c?ut3j7 on t;ie stace of the i-olish Hall yestor- 
da37. Tlie plav, difficult to say the leaot, ;;as Grithu^/>ia3tically received. 

'ihanJ-s for the cuccggg iiunt -o to the ca^^able director L^zczosny JahaJl:iov:icz, 
'7ho-e untiria/' efforts iiade each rola riri.- true to for::U ^iorae of the scenes 
v.-ero p3rfori:ied in triio profes3ional style • 

ITie audience especially eii joyed the perfor/iances of Vincent Joz-./ial-rov/sky, 
v;ho played \ixQ\'S) Boricov;ic; Jc.'^oph '^rrabov/iccvi, who portr^^.yed Kin^ Casimir: 
?.0!Tian .:3z-iil:ov;ski, v;hc characterized rather O.jillo; and Jacob Oss^.valdov/slci , 
who took the part of the son of i3orkovTic. 


I «. 

II 3 1 c (1) 


•, ; T T •--- 

; "•- 





l: , 189o 



le^.5:v:ir rol-,r. v;ero '.;eil^ b^^ the fo.llo.'lri ■: 7. I'erin ', J. Oiirka, .^, II:vu3i*".*ocVL rtnd ;.i 


riie ^;n'Iioac6 •■...vo :• ^To-.t ir^nfl to ill t]i;j '-l-vev; 
_ ca^r'Ci::" ••uulv):x'*o oiijovjd tho D^yi'Vovi'xnco. 

z tho clo-;e of the i;l'r^. 


II 3 1 C (1) POLISH 


Dziennik Chicagoski , Llay 6, 1895. 


The Polish Social Club, presented two comedies on the stage of Walsh's Hall 
yesterday, "'//alka Meza" (Battle for a Husband), a one-act comedy, was 
translated and localized from the French by Countess Lubienska. Its portrayal 
on the stage made a r.reat hit with the audience. All the roles v;are enacted 
with professional finesse. This plt.y, although all the purts go to the ladies, 
is worthy of repetition. The p:.rts were characterized by Countess Lubienska, 
and Mesdames Bardonska, R. Modrzejewska, Butkiev/icz and Barszczewska. 

The second play "Dobry Nuraer" (Gtood Number) brought recollections of Fredro's 
old "Nikt LInie Nie Zna" (Nobody Knows Me). This conedy was also acted in good 
style. The two leading roles were executed adnirably by Z. Brodowski and J. ?. 
Smulski. Other parts were taken by IJessrs. Butkiev/icz, J. J, Chrzanowski and 
Slubicki; the lesser roles, by Miss Louise Szwajkart and Lliss Kossowska, were 
well done. The stage director was Dr. Czupka. 

II B 1 c (1) 


Dzlennik Chlcagoski , Feb. 25, 1895. 


Three short plays were presented by the Theatrical Club yesterday at the 

Holy Trinity Parish school hall. The first was entitled "Gramatyka, Czyli ~ 

Eandidat Do Rady Powiatowej^ (Grammar, or a Candidate for the County Council). ^ 

The leading amateurs in this one-act play were Carol Pysaalski, J. Sikucki, t 

A. Zdzieblowski , C. Grzesk, and Llrs. W. Kalzonov/ska. o 

The second was the comedy ♦♦Z Jakim Sie Majesz, Takim Sie Stajesz** (The fi 
Company You Keep Decides Your Character) by Fredro* The main roles were -'^' 
played by J. Sz3rmanski, Miss F. Stagowska, and others. 

The third and last was a musical patriotic play entitled "Patryoci'* (Patriots). 
The leading roles were played by Trzcinski, Szumula, and Pulkowski. Llr. 
Pulkowski was the director. 












D zie i mil: Chic .i-: 03>-i , i'eb, £5, 1895. 

The St. Cecilia !-en*s Choir of 3t. Stanislaus Kostka Parish :ore3ented 

S. Zahajkiev;icz*s fivo-act musical dra'iia, "Jaskinia Beutusa'' (Beatus* Gave), 

last ni.'jit at the Polish Hall. .^ large attendaiica v/itnessed the play» 

The leading:* roles v;ere ;olayed by J. Nerinn /sonetii-ies Llehrin^Zj I--rs. Anna 
Jozv;iakowska, J. iukulsici, ',/. Gorecizi, I Irs. Ko Gorzynska, Vincent Jozvvial\:ov;ski, 
J. Kondziorski, Llrs. R. i<0!-)pa, Liss K. Drzonek, J. Gzekala, ris3 A* Stas, 
ii. Ban;i/::, J. Orabov/iecrii , S. Piasecki, :;is:j C. Borkowicz, kiss ./. Banvic, 
and I'iss K. I/.urkowska^ 

The play v/as under the direction oi s. Z^ihajkiev/icz and A. lli'/asicroch. 



1 c (1) 


1 ^■■<~ 


i::, rciii: :-'..r::iCTia 


{ Ja\'L:iarv) 

Tlis Jr\::r-itic Circle O- the . cli3h ratriotic Crrx-i::fi.tion ::ro30.it6d :-03torda7 
^Tlie Oliildrerx of I?raol," b-.^ 3::ei:j3n- .^..••.a^*]:io-\'ic:^ , in the Jt, :icl:iel .j?ch- 
uncel Parish, 3outh Chicago, .". ca::icit;' cro;;d turrod out to acclai^.: the 
a-.:ateurs* perforruance, vvhich reached the artistic heiijhtG. ;JL1 the 
hur.ior and path03 ^i" the dra.^-a7 'vVas o:iactod to rerfoctiou. The sinjiir; vvas 
under the . irection of ..• i::;riGijrcch, c/.cirn- 3ter o" J:t. 3tani3lau3 hastha 


Tile author of the play, 

^ • 

•iven an anthu3i.^3tic ovation 

when -le a^-jeared on the 3ta:;:e. The audie::ce s'loutad, "Icn^; live the dirocto: 

II S i 


1 C (1) 



WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 

-r» 4-"!- 

or the Jr-di-'.itic -"".ircler* :'!•• Inl'i-ijliiev/icz, 'iftev i slioii: oioocli, concluded 
v;ith '♦Lcn.^ live the Lolos of .'OUth J-iica-oI" 

II B 1 c (1) 



Dziennik Ghicagoski, Jan. 21, 1895. 

iji original play, "Jasnocora^* (Bright L.ountain) , by ozczesny Zahajkievdcz, 
Vj-as staged by the Drarriatic Circle yesterday in the New Polish Hall, Bradley 
and Noble 3treets. 

The plot of the play is v/ound around the battle of Lzestochovja against the 
Swedes (1665), v;hich is described in Jienkiev/icz* s "Deluge." This story is 
very dear to the hearts of all the Poles. L'r. Zabaikiev/icz has gained a 
great deal from Jienkiev.lcz* s book, for his dr?uaatic effect in the play shows 
results of careful study. The play is given in six parts and, although long, 
has force. 

The force of the entire play was well carried out by the members of the 
Dramatic Circle. The character of Reverend .\ugustine Kordecki, an outstanding 
Polish priest and figure, v;as ably portrayed by Vincent Jozwiakowski. This 
role fitted perfectly with the ch'.racter and talent of Jozwiakov/ski. 

II B 1 c (1) 

- P. - 

Dziennik Ghicagcski, Jan. 21 ^ 1895. 


J, Kondziorski played the part of i.Iiller vdth ;;reat force. The roles of 
Lieoznik Za/aojski and Peter Czarnecki v;ere finely executed by John ITering 
/bIso Nehrinc/ and J. Doraek. Parts were also played by J. Gzekala, J. 
Oszv;aldowski, o. xiasecki, .... Jiudzin, J. I.'owak, ivi. Pei)tov/ski, '.i. Fyterek, 
J. ozczepanski, and others, i.ass .^anda Barvdc portrayed Oonstantia. 

The sinking of the chorus group \\as enjoyable. The costunies and scenery v;ere 
beautiful. The work of the author rendered by the cast in the best style 
iipplause by the larce audience unsporin/* at the clore of the ])erforiaance. 

II 3 1 c (1) PO1.ISII 

I A 2 a 

Dziennik C'licarpski , Jan. o, 1895. 

FOU:i ^li^f:^ TO 3^ PRES::^ ■ T]:IL} LY 3JIIC0L ClIILDFGi^I 

The school children of St. Lai^'- of i-erpetual Help Parish, under the super- 
vision of the j^'ranciscan Gisters, are to Tesent four plays, tv/o in English ^'^ 
pities not cAven/ and tv:o in rolish; naiiiely, "LakoiTiy Doktor" {Tne Greedy i^- 
Doctor) and "l.:^ly Nauczyciel" (The Little ^eacher) , on J?:nuar;y' 6 at l^aiser^s •^- 
Hall* The proceeds are to (^o tov;ard the ouildinr, of a nev; parish school. ^S- 
Besides "che short pla^^s, son{;3, drills and recitations vjill be given. All those :" 
v/ishing to enjoy a pleasant evening and see v/hat the parish school children [j 
can do are cordially invited t-o uttend. The prograra v;ill start at 7:30 P. 

II B 1 c (1) 


Dzlennlk Chlcagoski > Sept* 10, 1894* 


The Saint Stanislaus Kostka Parish Polish Dirainatic Club presented a historical 
drama-- ^•Renegat'* (Renegade) yesterday afternoon at the school hall on Bradley 
Street. The public was evidently very much interested in the play, for it 
paid great attention and remained very quiet, for which it deserves praise* 

The amateurs, also, deserve credit. It may be said that they played in a pro- 
fessional manner, which revealed they had done their best to learn their roles 
and were following to the letter the stage director's instructions. The first 
act made a deep impression on the audience. It was acted with grace, which 
is rare on amateur stages. Other acts were also played splendidly. In her 
short but tragic role of ^^Easztelanowa Zminska*' (Lady Zminski, wife of a Polish 
castellan). Miss Zukowski thrilled the audience. Mrs. Jozwiakowski , as *^elen,** 
charmed her listeners during the entire play. 

In the masculine roles were J. Grabowiecki, as **Lutowidzki** ; Jozwiakowski, as 


II B 1 c (1) -2- POIISH 

Dzlennlk Chioagoski , Sept* 10, 1894. 

••Zenon*' and ^flaclaw*'; ELafta, as •'Stanislaus"; Nering, as ♦•Walenty*'; Szajkowski, 
as a doctor; Studzlnski, as •'Dabrowa'*; Oszvfaldowskl as a secretary; and 
Wieckowski, as ♦•Llsocki*" The play was a hit. These amateurs played their 
roles so well that each was cheered and applauded. There were also other less 
important roles, but even these were in the hands of experienced amateurs. 

The Saint Stanislaus Kostka Parish Polish Dramatic Club has demonstrated again 
that a good stage director can mold first-class amateurs, and we hope that, as 
one play succeds the other, the acting wiU satisfy even the most severe critics. 


II B 1 c (1) 


Dziennik Chlcagoskl^ Sept* 10, 1894 • 


The Saint John Cantius Parish Polish Dramatic Club gave a performance of the 
play ''Wlicznik Warszawski** (Warsaw Hoodlum) last night for the benefit of the 
newly built church* The play, staged at Walshes Hall, was a great success: ^ 
artistically and financially-- in spite of a heavy rain and the fact that ^ 
another play was going on on Bradley Street. ^ 

Under the supervision of a competent stage director, the new dramatic club, ^ 
in spite of the fact that most of its members were appearing in public for 
the first time^ gave a performance that surprised us all* **Warsaw Hoodlum^ is 
a comedy, and the main role, that of ••Rzemyczek,** was played by Anthony 
Chabowski, who from his first appearance on the stage until the end of the 
play entertained the public with his comic acting* He also played a difficult 
role very well* Other amateurs were Miss Helen Piatkowski, who played beauti- 
ful **Aggie**; Miss I^nkowski, in the role of **Kunegunda;** Mr* Wasilewski, as 


II B 1 C (1) - 2 - POLISH 

Dziennik Chicagoski , Sept. 10, 1894» 

"Rabek**; Mr* V/alinski, as "Piasicarz'' : Miss Anna Kowalski, in the role of 
♦♦Smieciarka,** a girl of the streets; and Mr* Ranajczak, who played ^Safaniak". 

The less important roles were played by Zbilski, Gliniecki, and Gtorski. The 
play was concluded by three tableaux and a monologue which the public enjoyed 

immensely* The monologue, "A Lost Greenhorn,^ was delivered by Anthony ?- 

Chabowski^ The perfoimance ended very early, at 9 P« M« After the play, ^ 

there was an entertainment in which many people who had seen the "Renegat** at ^ 

the school hall on Bradley Street participated* ^ 


The new dramatic club earned a good reputation, with the result that it gained »— 

a few new members that very evening. ^ 


II B 1 C (1) POLISH 

I A 2 a 

Dzlennlk Chlcegoskl , July 2, 1894* 


The children of the Holy Trinity Polish parochial school staged a play at 
Walshes Hall yesterday. The play was a great success in every respect. 

The hall was filled and the little ones performed splendidly. The opening :o 

address was delivered by a boy Mai*cellus Grorski. Then followed beautiful sing- 
ing and reciting in Polish and in English. 

The fifth-grade children staged a patriotic play entitled, ••The Polish Child- 
ren, or Stanislaus the Little Captain, •• with great success. The play was 
directed by Brother Peter. The play is based on the Polish insurrection of 

Everyone was pleased with the show, for the little actors played their parts 
with great enthusiasm. The most important roles were played by the following 
boys and girls: Joseph Mallek, Casirair Adamowski, Marcellus Gorski, Anna Corny, 



• II B 1 c (1) - 2 - P OLISH 

I A 2 a 

Dzlerinilg CliicagQslci , July 2, 1694« 

x^niia ^^'^ojtalewicz, Anna Mallek, John Llallek, Laclislaus Gomy, Joseph V/ojtale- 5 

wicz, and Lichael Detmerewsici* -::- 

I — 

I — 

The children of the fourth grade presented an Snglish dialogue entitled, ^ 
••V/anted, a Servant,** ana the Polish comeay, ♦^Llentorka'^ (The Teacher). Both g 
perfonaances were played excellently. ^ 



The exercises v/ere closed v;ith a song of farewell to the school year. ^ 

II B 1 c (1) 


Dziennlk Chicagoslcl > Apr. 30, 1894. 



Last night •s plays, entitled '^Dzieciaki" (The Kids) and "Szkoda Wasow" (Ify 
Poor Mustache), staged by the ^olish/^ Drainatic Club in the hall near Bradley 
Street, did not draw a large audience but artistically it was excellent, 
idiich is rare, and may be said to have been a gireat success. 

In both plays all artists played in a professional lomner. Mrs. Bose Kwasigroch 
played the role of a beautiful girl in '^The Kids/* She played like an acconH 
plished airbist, so well that even a first-class Aioerican or Polish stage would 
have been proud of her acting, llfr. /s^ Zaha Jkiewicz , who, as we know from 
other sources, is very popular among children, played the role of grandfather 
splendidly. Oszwalkowski , who played the role of the pleasant Lunio in ^}fy 
Poor Mustache," was also a great success. All amateurs played excellently. 
Mr. Zahajkiewicz portrayed characteristically the humorous Anzelm. Czekala, as 
the comical Orgon, was so funny that he could make a dead man laugh. P. J. 
Kedzierski played the role of Erast admirably. It should be added that 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 


Dzlennlk Chica^skl , Apr. 30, 1894 • 

Miss R. Zxikowaki, who had the role of Dorothy, and Miss W. Chlebowski, who 
had the role of Emilia, played their parts as usual — exquisitely* The singing 
was splendid* 

It is a pity, we repeat once laore, that such a small audience saw a perfonafioice 
irtiich was such a success* 



, 0"» 

II 5 1 c (1) 

II 2 1 a 
II D 3 


Dzijnnil: Chica--03;:i , Aor. 17, 1894. 


{ Contribution) 

Last Sunday I v;ent to ^ulaski Hall, \iuQre the Polisli dr xia "Cliata Za V.sia" (Hut 
in the Villagers Outsiiirts) was bein;; stac-;ed. I v;ent because I v;as eager to 
know how this beautiful play, which is so difficult to stage even for pro- 

fessional actors and v.hiCii I nave s .en ..lany ti les i. 

V/arsaw, v;ould cone out. 

I must admit that I was astonished to see hov; v;ell the play vj.^s staged, althougii 
in some parts it did not 001:10 out as it siiould oecaUoO some of the artists 
v;ere evidently tired out by the lonf, play. I repeat, tho v;hole cajae out 

The principal scene represents a certain villar^e in Podole, Poland, where a 
band of gypsies led by Apras::; (played by Ciulelinski) and .^ueen Aza (played 
by i:rs. Rosa) arrives. One of the cyp^ies, the youn^ and Tumry (played 
by Chrzanoxvski) , falls in love v;ith Lotuna, the daut;;hter of .^epiuk, a peasant, 


II 3 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 

II 3 1 a 

II D 3 Dzieiinik Chlca/];oski , Apr. 17, 1894. 


and deserts the band to remain i'l Lhe /illar^^e. i^.3 a result or this, the bund indignant and decides to leave. A^a, the > ueen of the gypsies, agrees 
to f!Oing away despite the fact th .t she ]a ves TuMirj'. ohe imagines that she will 
forget hiia if they separate. 

In the neantine, Lepiuh (played by .;oj:iicl:i), v;ho is de;.ce:ided from a (I^yvsy 
family, finds out a out the love affair betv;een Tumry and his daughter Lotuna 
(played by LIrs. Lande) , opposes the union anri decides to give his daugiiter in 
marria^:e to Kajtus the son of the village bailiff. Av;are of his daughter's 
good nature and obedience, Lepiuh engages matclLniakers i^nd gives a party. 

The roles of the matchir.akers — Skorobohaty and Modylen — v;ere pla3;'ed by ^olkowski 
and Polkov/ski. The role of Kajtus, the suitor, who was an accomplished idiot, 
was J layed by Ghojnacki. This trio converted th^ second act into a perfect 
co]:iedy, especially the intoxicated hodylan aiiu the idiotic ICajtus, vjho ..ept the 
audit-noe lau^^^ing continually. Taere was also the stupid Jaiiko (played by 
J. F. Smulski), v/hose v;it nnd irony and pretended stupidity not only carried out 

II B 1 c (1) - 5 - P0LI3K 

II :■ 1 a 

II D 3 Dziennik o:iicagos]:i , Aur. 1?, 1394, 


the conical part of the play but pleased the audience to a great extent* 

P. oiiulslci (sic) played his role like an acco..ipli3];ed artist. 

Special iVie-.tio.. should be ...ule o.' the "ino actin^;:, especially in the third act, 
of Lrs. Zolhov/shi in the role of Jara, tlio rypsy. All act in- was very cood, 
especially the parts played by .i^ Jhrzanov/s::!, ;;ojnichi, 3:iuls:^i, rolhov;shi, 
hr • Lande, ..^rs. Rosa, and /pxs^/ Kolaczynaki. The excellent vocal solos 
by P. Dar^.vvvshi, as Janc^, una ly h'ilocki i:: the ixDle of a Lyrist, and espe- 
cially by aatkov;ski in the ro^e of Fedio also ueserve i;ttention. This singing, 
perforiiied v/ith coaical rupture, croutod < I'oat cr.tnusiasm. Ti.e choir also 
san^ beautifu"i.y and jiar oaiously, for vhich credit shouxo be ^iven to Novjicki, 
the choir leader. The orchootru v;_.3 excellent. 

Tiiere was also a Llazurku dance, n.;t just an ordinary danco, but a dance of ;/hich 
even .he Uarsav; stage would have been proud. ;,asilkov;3ki was ohe leader of the 
luazurka, ^:in . the dancers v;ore Dangiel, ..rt:. Trzcinski, the l.i.^.ses V.'aranko, 

II "> 1 c (1 ) 

II U 1 a 
II D 3 

Dzicim il: O'.icciy c:.!, .i:v. 17, 1394. 


::r. .:.3ill.ov/:.::i, -.r. ' i^ . r, l.r, :^iol.ino.i, nrn: ...r. 3oG:iov;S':i. These vla.icers 

ijidecd deserved t'..r "v--j.t 

O 1 ' -i. -X Lt 

J T •< - % 

L' . ^ 

?')r V['^ ?:ucces3 of oIiIl; lav 

1- .ebted t- J. i:irs/i, t'.e sta-e "Irector. 

play ■.,1]1 ly'j iU'esonLe-: a-'-ii: ne :t. Gnaoa*', x'l >ri^ ;^2, at tlie .:raule:' otrcroi: 
hall, and the l-oli^di )U::lic is coivial^y invioud. 

•Jhe proeoeds o:' thi.: play v;i]l ; f; tui'iie^: oV'jv to the lolish Ilosjital 

A ho. :ber 01' ti;-- /audience 


II P 1 c (1 ) 



Dzionnik Chica^oski , ..rr. ?., 18'j4. 

^''^hf^^ Cave Of Meatus" on Polish ita.'^e 





new olav vras ^^resented last ni--]-t at the school hall near .^raciley Street. 

It was a five-act dra':a ":ith son^s, entitl-^i "The Cave o? ^'-eatus" and dra-'ia- 
tizved bv Szczesm' Zallia 1hie.7icz rro:ri the ctorv of the saiPie title, -^t T)leased 

The T^lav T^resentr^ the *^".tor'.^ of Jount j.eni'"/ .valdber:*en, v/ho •jas ^^^ersecuted and 
im-nrisoned by the }:ni--ht Cietrich, his ene.^.y; it also -reoents the fate of 
.-alclber^^en's far^iily. '.'he ^.lay contains r^any -^ira^.ntic o.nd thrillin^* scenes, 
ilaturally, the oers-icuted h'^ro triur.^hs and the last scene ends v/ith forgive- 
ness. 'Che tbeiae of the ^lay is beautiful and noral . It will interest the 
audience throu^diout the v/hole '^erforri-^nce. 'i^xcellent scenery, beautiful 
sin 'in,-, fine, and -^retty decorations added to tlie "ireauty of the 
play a.nd brought r-reat ajflaure fvo:i\ the audience. **'JIie "ave of r^eatus" is 
an excellent dra.^a and will undoubtedly be resented rany on the iolish 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 2 - 

Dziermj}: Chic-- -c^-:! > .^^ r, ^, 1894. 
sta.^'S in .v^^rlc:^ \ith r^yit success. 

»*?lie Cave of i:^eati:::'' .-.'as -lay^d I'-iultl^sslv, excellently. ..e ^lo not ]mo':j ^j 

^Thich -r-^laver deserves th^ hi-"hest -^rai^e. .7. "'rabo-;:.ecki -^ortravea the ""^ 

role of 'eatus (the of Count --enrv ..'aldh-'^r' ''^n; excel] ently. •'lie p 

role of the Count v;as ^layed admirably by .7o::n kerin", md J". ;'ondziors]^i ^'' 

re-created the ciiaracter of ^-loory and violent Jietrich excuisitely. S 

:. is3 .;. Chlebov;ski played, as usual, -//onder fully, in the role of ♦'Jieodora," -''^ 
the unfortunate v;ife of tlie Count, and V. J"ozv:lakov;shi , as Ctto the falconer, t^ 
her son, distinguished hinself by all liis >-ood qualities, naiaely: by -reat ^ 
enthusiasn and good declamation. .xS to tlie feminine roles, .. iss :i. .Aikov/ski 
nlayed sr>lendidly the role of the energetic '7ife of the bai.l.iff "kartin". 
Other youn- ladies, like --.iss ... Lubov/iecki, v/lio characterized the vvife of 
Dietrich, iiz^ .;. kerin:, who characterized •net^^lc'^'s dau"hter, and 
! iss ... Bar.vic:, v/ho ylayed .losie, also deserved applause. On the v^rhole, all 
the roles, even the siiiallest ones, v/ere nlaved sr^lendidlv. 

..e cannot iynore the ylayers of other roles; for instcmce, ... Brochocki 

II B 1 c (1) 




Jzlennik Cl. ica^oski , •?, 18'j4 

played the serai-coi.'iical r-olo of ...artin, the bailiff, STjlendidly, and 
-V I:iintovw-ski charact^.;rized Glaus very -veil. i , i.ikulski played the role of 
J'oseph excellently; .^■. izajkov/ski presented the di -nified role of an ^^iri- 
peror and Liss otas thut of an er.v.ress. 

'xiie sin :ing v,-as rendered in artistic style. Jhe "tableaux vivants" ./ere very 
picturesaue. In .-eneral, ever-^thin-: was a Teat success, thanks to the skill 
of the author, rho v/as the sta.^-e director, and tlie endeavors of v. K^asi-roch, 
v/ho was choir and riusic director. 


II B 1 (1) 


Dziennik Chicagoski, liar, i, 1894. 

I^V; P0LI3:i D]l\:.liTIG 3LU3 

A nev; Polish drairiatic club has just been organized at St. Hedv;ig's parish. 
The officers of the club are John Lasinski, president; John ./achovjski, secretary; 
and Joseph /«achowski, treasurer. The next meeting will be held Sunday, Larch 4, 
2 P. LI. , at Iuarcini:o;vski*s Hall, Robey Street and '.vebster Avenue. All those 
wishing to join are invited. 

John 'Vachov/ski, secretary. 

II B 1 C (1) 



Dziemiik CLlca.-2;Qslcl , Jan. 17, 1394. 

Tlieatrical ?l:ay in Saint Adalbert's Parish 

On Sunday, January 14, tl^e younj ladies of the I'oly Family S^ociety presented 
the play "Lobzovvianie" /na:..e of a place neai* Jracov;, Poland/ at Pulaski Hall. 

The a;iateurs played their parts s rr-lendidly, and every se^^t in the hall v-xas 
occupied. The follo'.ving a^rateurs took part: y^r. J. rlocharz, as "the Count"; 
Kr. ^. Herek, as "Kuba"; l.iss Helen Tatera, as "Zosia"; ^r. J, Piegalski, as 
"Paul"; Mrs. T. Pawlo^/ski, as "!.:agdalene" ; Lr. ;/. Tyiaa, as "Tom"; Lr. J. ./. 
Hares, as "Siir.on"; Ix. ,i. Ciszev;ski, as "Stanislaus"; Liss Llary Giszev/ski, as 
"ICasia"; and Iv. L. Schultz, as "Protazy". 

All amateurs played their roles successfully, especicilly Ix. L. Schultz, .vho 
pla^/ed the role of "Protazy," the confidential adviser, so .veil that Ihe public 
rev/arde-i hira v/ith f:;reut applause. He v;as presents i vvith a bouquet of flov/ers. 

II 5 1 c (1 ) 


- ':^ -. 




ChicagosAJ, Jan. 17, 1894. 

Llt. 'Fneociore ra;vl0vvsl:i, vjiio is .veil knovn in oaint ^albert *s parisli, was the 
sta^e director. The play was followed by an eauertainj-.ient pro ,ra:.i. I'r. 
Hen.olo's orchestra vas enp^a^^ed for trie occasioii. 

II £ 1 c (1) POLISH 


Dziennik Ghicagoski , Jan. 8, 18^4. 

Polish Draina, "The Kenegade", a Great success 

A very beautiful lOlish patriotic crama, entitled "Kenegat" (The renegade), 
vas presented last night at the ijchool hall on Bradley ;:^treet. The hall was 
filled to capacity ana the performance v»'as a great success in every respect, 

Tne plot of the play v:as very interesting. Based on the incidents that took 
place in the year of 1830, just before the rolish Insurrection of November 
of that year, the plot centers in the story of Lutowidzki, a lolish renegade 
who, as a henchman of Russia, persecuted and imprisoned his own countrymen. 
At the end of the play even his own son turns against him, fate turning 
Lutovadzki into his murderer. 

This pla:;- has many scenes — thrilling and dramatic. ;i:ome of them, such as the 
scenes depicting the prison, the oath of the conspirators, and the street fight 

II :: 1 c (1) 



Lziennik Jhica^-.oski, Jan. 8, 13 j4. 

in the last act, ar^ very picturesque. 

rhe play was perforiiied excellently. Vxs. Liolbassa and Lrs. 


experienced and talented amateur actresses, played the most important feninine 
roles, l.lss Lerinr and ^..iss Jii:orski played tlieir ^arts v;it.i great success, 
to say nothinr oi ...r. J. urabov/iecki , v;hG played the diificult rule of "..utoiviczir:!*' 
like an experiences actor, x.j?. Cxrabovjieci v;as very traric, especially in the 
last tv/o acts, cisplayinr; hi.^ji artistic ouaiities throughout tne whole yerforiaance. 
..r. Vincent j. Jo;:v;iak07;3i:i _:.layed the ro_.G oi* the noble ana enthusiastic "jtanis- 
laus," and :.r. J. TerinrZ. that of ^^Valentine, " the servant. :..r. F. iv.vasi.zroc, ;vho 
v;as cast for the role of the uniiappy "Zenon," olayed his part v;ith greiit zeal. 


O^^'^.vinsia , who also played successfully. 

"Old Dabrov.T"" v;c;.s )ortrayea by 
Others Vwho played we.Ll v/ere i r. R. Jzajkov/ski, as *':r. .. ier^urski, " A. i.;afta, and 
J. iiiven the minor roles were played excellently, and in this con- 
nection honorable mention is due to ... Barwi^^:, J. hiPailski, j. .uiderszat, .•:. 
i.Ialinski, J. ijuozc-an, .... iteptcwsi-.i , :ind .>. ^irxian. Tne success of the play, as 
a v;hole, is due to the Sicili of .^r. 3. Liahajiaev;icz, the sta^^e director. 

II B 1 c (1) 



Dziennik Ohicuco ski , Jan, 8, ].89':, 

The dociety Crzel I ro,"on presented last ni:-ht, be.'orc-. a pecked house at .'j.lsh»s 
Hall, ..r. J", ilorzeniovjski^s be- utiful dr-jna ^»Ic>n.bella d^iymonte/' The leading 
role, a pov.erfully dramatic one, played by ujci:. ..anda Joz-^^ik, iho, bt^inc 
the accomplished actres..: th:t ahe is, re-cre;;ted the part in a manner that moved 
the audience deeply. The death :.cene, espi.cially, \ as brilliantly performed, and 
th<=. aUGience regarded the actresa v.ith thunaerous applause, lar. Jozv.ik played 
v.lth dicnity and n^ace the role of the heroine's father. Other aciors v:ho played 
their parts v/ell v;ere ..r« ...achek • nd ...r. ..ojnicki. lira. ::olkov:ska made a very 
cood duenna; ..jr. aranko r-ave an excellent performance as the brothar of the un- 
fortunate Isab.lla. The rest of the -u.^: teura played th':ir roles ;;eli in every 
respect, -n:' the play as -i '..hole v as a auccess© 

/Translator's not^: ''OtzoV^ maans '^ea.ale"; '^po^on," in the Polish-LithuanicJi 
co^.t of armc, represent^: a jallopinc horse . ith a rider holdin^^ a sv/ord ready 
to strikejJT" 

II B 1 c (1) 


Dziennik Chica::oski , Jan. 4, 1894. 


Theatrical Play at Pulaski Hall 

The Polish Terpsichorean Club will present a play on January 7, 1894, at 
Pulaski Hall, 800 South Ashland Avenue. 

, *»The Bell of Saint Hedv/i^", a three-act pla^r of four scenes, taken from 
everyday life, will be presented. There will be a dance after the per- 
formance* The play will begin at 7:30 P. LI. Tickets: Adults 25 cents, 
children 10 cents. 

Joseph .;• Zacharzewski 



II B 1 c (1) POLISH 

II B 1 a 

III C Dzie nn lk: Chicagoski , Nov. c8, 1395. 

POLioJi 'EHai'iTRicAL rj:'RFo:^:j^:G23 ;j:d coiiczrts 

Theatrical Perforrfiance in St. Josephat Parish 

On ounday, Novemb'^^r 26, a thec^trical perfom-mce v;as staged in Hayes* hall, 
corner of Southport and Clyboum Avenue, in St. Josephat Parish. The title 
of the play was '^Blazek Opetany" (Blazelc Bedevilled )• The hall v;as filled 
to capacity, due, no doubt, to the fact that the play v;a3 given for the bene- 
fit of the parish church. 

The amateur players did excellent work, especially LIudlaf in the role of 
Blazek, and Llr. Bieszka as V/alekj Ilr. Bieska^s coiuic acting kept the audience 
in a constant state of lau^-htir. Lliss oophia Klein as Anastazya excelled 
anong the ladies. Her portrayal of the role was both artistic and realistic, 
ohe is a real artist and it is a pity that we see her on the stage so seldom. 
Ivlr. Suwalski directed the performance, v/hich /as a coniolete success. It would 
be well if more of these shov;s were given in our community. 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - PQLIEH 

II B 1 a 

III C Dzionnik Chicagoski> Nov> 28, 1893, 


The other rolss v/orth mentioninc were as follows: Czeslaw, by 
llr. V/inowicz; Cele^t^/n, by l,^. Budzislawski; Soltys, by Llr. Bachinski; Salus, 
by Liiss Ghojka; and ICLement^ma, by Mrs. Sychov;ska# 

cc!icj:rt for T:1^ b:i^^jfit of koly TRT^irn: p.j^isfi 

A concort v;as given by the Chopin and V.anda Choirs last Sunday, November 26, p 
at Schoenhofen Hall, for the benefit of Holy Trinity Parish. The concert v/as -^ 
a success and the larre audience filled the hall. The orchestra, under the ^ 
direction of Professor Fitzek, cave a finished perfomance and v;:is enthusi- 
astically applauded by the audience. The Chopin and -Vanda choirs together sang 
^V/maju'^ (In May) by Kontski, and then the male choir sang Chopin* s *^.!Larsz 
Pogrzebov/y" (Funeral March) and the peasant son^s rendered lately at the .Irt 
Institute, and follov/jd these vjith "Llarsz Spiev;akow" (The Singers i.arch). 
The Wanda Choir sang Konorov/ski's **Kalina," the singing of v/hich was excellent # 

The Holy Trinity school children also sang a couple of nuinbers* These were 


II B 1 c (1) - 3 - 

II B 1 a 

III C Dziennik: Chicaco^ski, Nov. 88, 1895. 


follcy.'fed by our tenor, Mr. G. V/ojnicki, who sanr so artistically that 

he was forced to sin^ two encores. Llr. A. LCallek sang "V/rozba" (Prophecy), 
by Stanislaus Moniuszko; and liessr.^. John Sniulski and J. Xelowski sang a duet. 
All were applauded enthusiastically. Liss J. Llikitynska and Miss R. Heiler 
played a few piano selections. Mrs. Lande, nev;ly arrived in Chicago, also ^ 
played sorae piano nunbers, and her rendition of iadei^ewski's ^'Krakov/iak" was 5- 
especially pleasing. The concert was successful in every particular. <^ 



Last Saturday, November 25, the Har:fi .nia oociety staged two one-act comedies )Z, 
in the Aurora Tumhall, on Huron Street. The comedies v;ere entitled ^Dyament r^. 
Nieoszlifov;any" (Uncut Diamond) and "Na i?rzekor" (Teasing). The players in S^ 
both comedies acted in a truly professional manner. Mrs. Dorszynalca and 
Fritsch perforriied excellently, and Mrs* Oblinska was the perfect soubrette. 
Mr. Osuch and Mr. Baczkov^ski were also very fine, ivir. John F. Smulski en- 
acted his role in the first comedy in truly comic style, v/hile in the second 

II B 1 c (1) - 4 - POLiai 

II B 1 a 

III C Dziennik: Chicacoslci , Nov* 28, 1893, 

he portrayed the serious lover to perfection. The entire perforraance 
was excellent. After the shov/ the small but select audience had a good time 



II D 4 

IV Dziennik Chicagoski , Oct. 50, 1893. 


The beautiful patriotic drama, ''Star of Siberia", by L. Starzewski, was 
presented yesterday at the St. Stanislaus Kostka School Hall, for the bene- 
fit of Polish orphans. The performance was successful in every respect. 

Since the plot of the drama is well known, it is Tinnecessary to repeat it; 
it is worthwhile to mention here, however, that the public accepted this 
serious work with enthusiasm and understanding. The role of "Clga" was 
played by I.!rs. Louise Szwajkart, whose performance was above reproach. The 
male roles were, without exception, perfectly enacted* Mr. Grabowiecki was 
a splendid "Kniaz Anselm" ; V. Jozv/iakowski aroused everyone with his genuine 
enthusiasm, as "Zdzislaw"; Adam S2wmjkart played the role of "Casimir" with 
real artistry; Mr. Domek, as "General Tatrdw," and I. Kov/alski, as "Grawiczyn," 
also played very well. The two Russian jailers (".Vieckowski" and "Kikulski") 
}Nho supplied the comedy interest in the second act, were excellent, as were 
the prisoners in Siberia. 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 2 - POLISH 

II D 4 

IV Dziennik Chicagoskl > Oct. 30, 1893. 

The scenery, decorations, and costumes were entirely adequate; the success 
of the play was largely due to S. Zahajkiewic:: and A. Kwasigroch, who 
directed it. It is a pity, however, that this performance v/as not better 

II 3 1 c (1) POLISH 


D^iennik ChicacoGki , June 19, 139o. 

"F..ia:.: CYLLi^jJi^" 

For the third tint: th-; beautiful play "Perla Gyllejslra" /Cyllejska PearlT", 
by 3. £iahajl:ievvicz, v;as presonted at the ochool ^^all near Bradley .street, 
and Tor the t.iird tine it held "Che undivided attention of the audience. 
True — the audience was not a lar^e one, but it .as one that s^^'Tiipathized 
\;holeh«jarted^-y \;ith the author. 

./ith a fe;. iiiuor changes, tjic cast xvas essentially tlie saiiie as in previous 
productions, so \.e v;ill not repeat it. ..o need only add that the play 
v;as still r.iore carefully prepared, if sucii a tiiin^ is possible. The title 
role vras played by .^dane /rosq/ hv;asicroch, v/ho is unrivaled on the Polish 
stage, ^i. nev; choral nunber in tiiC last act added to beauty of the play, 
and vjas v;arr.ily applaudea t^y tl.e audience. 

The perforrjimce -./aS honored by tiiu presence of an archbishop froi.i ...exico, who 
is a yiest of the itesurrection .at hers here. 

II B 1 c (1) ^0LI3H 


lY Dziennik: Chicagoski , Juno 16, 1893. 

the^vtrical r-;^FGR^M^-: in south c'ncAao 

:;e received the following belated report of last 'unday's performance in 
South Chicago: 

On Sunday, June 11, an amateur performance took place at Temple Hall for 
the benefit of the Kosciusko I.lemorial Fund. Uecei^ts vjere considerable. 
Before the performance began, I.Ir. Ip,nacy T!achnikowski delivered a short 
patriotic address, extollin.Q; Kosciusko as a Pole, a soldier, end a man. 

The performance was excellent in ever, respect, r'rs. Urbanovvicz was 
charming as "::osia," and Mr. Grabowski played the part of "Tomek" correctly. 
'Trotazy-' (ivlr. otef anski ) evoked great merriment by his comical gestures 
and by his brisk, confident acting. 'Hhe character "Szymon^^ was interpreted 
so well by Ivlr. ..'• Darowski. . . .that one would swear that a real native of 
Lobzov; /see note/ had come especially to take part in this performance. 


► • 

II B 1 c (1) 


- 2 - 

Dziennik Chicagoski , June 16, 1895 


j'ith due acknov/ledgment to all of the other amateur actors and actresses 
who took part in the 'day, as well for their work as for their support 
of a noble cause, we add v;ith pleasure that the oerformance will be 
repeated soon. 

/Translator's note: Lobzov; is a district in the vicinity of Cracow, noted 
for its colorful peasant costurnes.7 

C ^- ^.. P;i 


II 3 1 c (1) 


Dzieiini'<: 01iicaiios>i, May E2, 139o« 


Yesterday* s perfori.iance of "IiOjciuslco .i.t Raclav/ice" v;as excallent in every 
v/ay. The drania is one v;hicli nay r^jadily be per.:orned "by amateurs. It is a 
colorful, fast-novins play, replete with huiior -imd dramatic situations. Iviost 
of all, it is irubued v;ith such ^atriotisri as best uplifts the Polish spirit 
of our people, and it should be perforiTtad as often as possible here in 
iuiierica. It evo-zad trenendous applause frjia a lar^e audience at the school 
hall near Bradley Street last nifjit. 

The perrorraanco v;as very good from an artistic standpoint. Tiie play»s 
director and the orchestra conductor both deserve acknov7led:;eiiient for their 
efforts. The scenery was good, the costumes beautiful, in short, everything 
;vas such that the perforriiance proceeded 'vvithout a hitch* 

As to the amateurs themselves, their acting v/as irreproachable It v;ould 

be difficult to enumerate the many roles in this play. V;e must, hovjever. 


II B 1 c ( 1) 


Dziennii C Cli i ca:^osI:i > Llay 22, 189 o 

.Tialce special mention of 11. Skolinov/slci, v/ho is a Polish actor fro„T. 2urope. 
Ee enacted the roles of Ilatkov; and Jan Lirnik v;ith professional artistry. 
Ivlr. Skoliinowski^s performance v/as especially brilliant in that the tvio 
parts are totally dissimilar* 

.s. * 

II D 1 Q {1) 


l)zieiiiA\: Ohica-'Oolii, l a'^ P, j69^^ 



• i 

V 1 -I- -» n 

X . - w'.--— * ._ — v.. - 

^ •' ■ ■ ■ ■ • ■ " . i^r "..v^O'^Il -^.vU 



4^ w^...f 

TliG rolisli sta-^o at Pulas::! ^'all 7;as ori'iciail./ ci^eno'j yo.-iterdav v;it;> tr;e 
presGnt3tion of '^::osci;;3i:o at :^aclav;ice.'' I'lu hall \;aj x*ill..7d uO capacity 
Jind tiie per-'orriance \;as hi'-uily catiafactor;;. The part oi' ''.:oacii:a:ar^ vjas 
•iUavod vsry v/ell bv Jasiriir 'vcalinaai. rao T)erfor::ianca3 oi* J. i'^ ..imulsl'i 
aiid i'r. •:zoszotai''Si^:i, both i*roi.. our secticn of tho city, ;;ore alsD o::cell3nt« 

. ^^ 

\ vaiole, tho porioraanco was a Gucceaofal O-ie. Jhe nev: decorutiona in the 
hall ii.a;rova ita a::)i:;^araiice, ::aid aao nev; atayc i:: a ';ood cno. 

II 3 1 c (1) 


IV Dziennik Jhicagoski, ..lay 2, 1893. 


*'Tlie Three Rogues," presented by the St. Gecelia Society for the benefit of 
the Kosciusko xv.enorial -Und, was a noteworthy success. The hall vjhere the 
performance v;as given was filled to capacity, and it is expected that the 
amount to be contributed to the fund will exceed one hundred dollars. 

The performance of this very entertaininc melodrama was excellent. The 
players Gzekala, Huntowski, and Lroczkov;ski~who were in charge of the three 
principal roles — acted their parts with professional skill. 

The rest of the cast had very little opportunity to aisplay any talent, but 
the performance as a whole was above reproach. 

The play was directec by I.jr. Szczesny Zahajkiewicz, and the music was conducted 
by x^. r^n Kv/asigroch. /f\ ^^ 

^ r, ' ^\ 

. ' ^ ^ A ^ ■- 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 


IV Dziennik Ghicagoski > May 2, 1893. 

The play was preceded by an acrobatic act by I»ir, Trojanov;ski. Iiir. 
Trojanov^ski is undoubtedly a master of his art, but, in all ti'uth, we 
believe that had his act been omitted, the performance Vvould have lost 

II B 1 c (1) POLISH 


Dziennik Chlcagoski , Apr. 17, 1893. 

(Dramatic Conimentary) 

Yesterday's performance of ^•Vengecuice'* at the school hall near Bradley Street 
is worthy of praise. **Vengeance** is a drama of rather difficult performance 
by anatetirs, for, since it has been performed in Poland by the best professional 
actors, it affords a precedent for uncomplimentary comparisons. The fact that 
it is written in verse contributes likewise to the difficulty of the task. 
Despite all this, however, it was played to the satisfaction of even our severest 
critics. Every actor performed his part at least well— some brilliantly. The 
whole play proceeded easily, with a mastery to be expected only from professionals. 

Mr. Adam Szwajkart, v/ho played the most importeait role, performed brilliantly, 
with real artistic finesse. It seems to us — and it is not flattery~that Mr. 
Ssswajkart is one of our best amateur actors in Chicago. We suggest that 
he should give more attention to the stage than he has given it heretofore. 
Mr. Szczesny Zahajkiewicz, of vdiom it is said that whether he writes or teaches 
or acts he is always excellent, lived up to his reputation. Other difficult 

II £ 1 



- 2 - 


Lziennik Ghica^o s/a, . 17, 189 ;5 . 

roles v.erb played by u.r. Ignatiub KovvL^lsl-ci , I*Ir. Joz\viaicov;s;-:i, and IJr. 
GrabovdecKi. ihe fe.ainiue roles, v;hieh in thii; ar-^:nii are :.boonaary, Vvere 
playea by Countess Lubieaski anc iviisb Ghlebov.S:d. 2ven the iriinor roles were 
played irreproachably. The effect of the Vviiole y.i-^s one of artistic excellence 

II B 1 c (1) 
I C 



ziennik Ciiica>?oski » Apr, 10, 1893 


Yesterday's oresontatior by ch^ Theater Club at 'Jalsii's -.all was eminently 
successful. The sprip-htly co.^edy ^'"arnaba .:''^ kept the audience in constant 
lau::-hter. References to 'Park Co.^.iissicner* /_J1. zJJ .'rodov/ski and to the Polish 
restaurant at the l^'air brought .^r^at apDlause. Among the amateurs who took part 
;vere nzeszotarski and John F. Smulski. 

II 3 1 c (1) POTJcTI 

II L- 10 

IV Dziennik GhiCo -:csy.i , Tan, 9, 1893. 

i^cR .;iDc*;s MID cr?^l;:3. . . . 

'Terla Cyllejsica /^I'he Cyllejski learl/, tlie play v/hich v/as enjoyed so much 
by a lar-e audience y^storcay, //ill be re-ceated on Junday, January 15 in the 
hall on Iradley street. This v;ill bo its second perfomance in the interests 
of charitv. The entire r^roceeds or the ulay v;ill b? used for the benefit of 
the .:iany lOlish v/idows in our cor.iiiiunity. This infor;:iation v/as first disclosed 
tc the auaience by "Che Very ..everend /. arz^mski aurin^^ one of zhe inter- 
missions, ^lie enthusiasia with vmich this iiavvs v/as received seoins to au,r;ur 
that the performance of Terla Cyllejska'' next ounday v/ill be hi^hl^'' successful, 
and tiiat it /:ill realJ-y brin,^ relief -nd j.oaterial aid to our "ooverty-stricken 
ividows and ort)hans. 

The uurpose of the \^erformance is noble. TveryonG :;ho L^esiros t^: help dry the 
tears of the unfortunate shoalu see T-erla Cyllejska". :e v;ill at once perform 


;:ooa aeed and see a beautiful ana \/orthv;nile draMa. 

II B 1 c (1) POLISH 

III B 2 

IV Dziennik Chica^:o3:<i , Jan. 9, 1893 • 



Yesterday's performance of the Theatrical Club at ';7alsh's Hall was a success- 
ful one. The play was_a fairly interesting picture of Polish life entitled: 
"Surdut I Siermiega" /Gtown and Smocl^ by Mr* V/ladyslaw Gutowski. The amateur 
actors and actresses deserve the acclaim which the audience accorded them in 
repeated and enthusiastic applause. 

The leading role v;as played by Kr. IvI. Rzeszotarski. He performed the role with 
such conscientiousness and finesse that we doubt whether a professional actor 
could have done better. The other important male role, played by L!r. John 
Smulski, was also handled v/ith ease and distinction. The performance of the 
rest of the amateurs v;as admirable, especially that of lar. Zdieblowski, whose 
comedy provoked much laughter and received liberal applause. The play 
began and ended v;ith dances and was interspersed v/ith ballads. As a whole, 

II ^1 c ^i; 

III -. ;; 


xjzionni ; 


IC'.. 'O 


. 'i:l. 

" ) 

it turriGd out ver; 
serves credit. 

exl, inr .i-ic:; .j7. robincki's tjxceilent direction de- 

J. V-u_LOl. 

-. dance follo-.;od the ■jjrroiM-nce. 


J J 

1 c 


T T ^ 

A. V 

lennil: Oliicanos'ii 


. (^ • O . w k 

rt'T ~ ' ■ ". jT -' ";■ ' '' ^ '^ '"• T ". ,..■■, 

/nranddaufaiter Cf Tho Piriots, ^Iv Tho ::-llijs:i PoarlZ 


ThG first oorforianco oT ci iis.-i ulay o.ititled ^v^iiuka Piastov; _;:z:ai Perla 
C7llej3l-:a'' ^/T^ -dd-.u::PtGr Of Tho Fiai^bs, Cr 3:^lle.i3::i P3..rl7 by .:r, J. 
::ahaii:ia.;ioi: v;a:=5 ^;rD5;o:itod in tlu school .udiLoriu.;! Oii I:r..dley 3troet bv 
the St. jtaniGlaus Parish Choir, "^t is, accordin - to tho ..dvurtiso.:i>3nt, a 
:::u3ical clraiia i:\ throG actn. Jh- plot oJ tho pViy is as folio. ;3: 

Anna Cyllojsha, -randdaur^iter of 3a3i lir thj Cireat, livjs at thj court of ..^r 
uncle,' C^ount Persian II. oho is scornjd ana nii^treatod by his throo daughters. 
In ordor to rid thenselvos of tlus yirl, .'iio is ;:0re beautiful, i.iore iccoa- 
■:.li3h;3d, and of hii^iior birth than tha::Solvos, tho countossos una tnoir fath.3r 
decide to uarr^ her to ^lio stupid and u-ly Count ..dolf . hut their plans are 
frustrated. The old minstrel, Jan, devoted to .jma, travels throu^^h the 
land s 'reading- her faiie in courts far and vjidc by sin^iii.^^ of the "Gyllejski 

I I B 1 c )JJ 

ill B 

> 1 


"nr*"! - 



Jzioiaiit: on ica^;QSj:^i, J:ji. "J 

?cjarl^\ as ho calls hor. l^ocaiis? of J'an's son,', iHL:i(irous >:i"ii^:iits viGit tho 
court of Jouiit '.enicii:, desirin'-; to .soo cind ;,ieet tliis '^)oarl'^. .xiiong tliei.i 
is a r: s!:od kni^^ht (lane J"ar;iollo), ..1-ilo all tli2 othor Imidits .'-oarch for 
\or in v.iiii iiiiidst the court, Ja.riallo roco^jriizjd the ^'"-.earl'* as jina, vino 
sits j:iod:iStl7 apart. Thoa follcvs his profassio.. of love, and tha laiight 
receives hor scarf. In tho last act, as Jount ,xOr:;a:: attempts to force .jjia 
to r^^rry .xdolf, an e:..iGsar:' arrives from Ja^'iello, de.iandin^^ frox.i thj hint's 
hand, the •^0:'''lleishi ?earl^\ Fresently Ja;--:iello hiriself arrives, ^.A the 
poor, imfort'onate orphan becoraes a queen. 

The resume of tlie plot shov;s that tho plav (and it is indicated by the author 
hiuself in the title) is not an historical drama based on actual events. It 
is merely a dramatic picture v/ith an historical bac.prround; a picture in 
v/hich the author* s imagination soars in urha:Ti"^3r jd ""li^it. In a picture 
such as this, a critic has no ri^-.t to exp-jct close adliarence to fact; no 
snould be primarily concerned :;ith its artistic -lualities, its beautv. 

"lI J 1 o (1) 

r "T" 

I B 


>z:.e M-1 

• n. 

actin;: ae^ :ands. 

T* '■'")•" 1'"^ --V,1 "•'-■•' '":! 1 • -f" ."i<'-'- -O 

• r • . 





"O'/'lieJo'Vi re'..rl"' is ia^ie-va r. be:iut li'iii .-jor.-:, -ut ^oot o^* rO.l, it is 

entirely •./Ttiiip fi-^ co^'i :)2*e i-v.:r:ion of our o^.ople. _.ven .:^^d it not liicluisd 
oiich 3v;eot una lively ::iUoic so aoLlv c::'Sen ir^::; tne viorlcs of ranv coiuoosers, 
it jould stilx •I'.ve ^-ft r- M'^ji: i**vor?ible i:'.:^reooion uooij the ai'dien;e. 

• ■> 

-de ^lot is arti' unfolded in-i c.'.ev^^'l:- c].i .n::ea in the t ird acL. .. suc- 
cession of Gol')rful ch':ruct -rs •-:nd '.'^t -lore colorrul /;rouTD scenes, T.:ie \:oSter' 
111 use of co:.:ic effects, the careful deveiopraent of uraiiatic interest, and 
finally, "chat elusive uo.:;tic 'quality ■..-..ich no )ears in iiJiiy olices t ..jou'^hout 
the "olay 'inci 'ives it its air of deauty — on ■:..::: so ooints does tne '^^yllejsii 
rearl'* bass its ciai'is to liuerary ..erit. 

Yesterdav v/e sav/ it uo:^n the sta-^e uressed in ^i 


^01 K of j:lU31C. 


Son :s" . so 


II 3 1 c (1) - 4 - 

III 3 '3 ^ 

Taodestlv ::-3i^tion6d in tlie •■dvert-isernent .ere av on." z::e outsstaiidin-^ I'eatures oT 
the ^iroduction. -hey consisted of clioral naiiJO-S, so^os, :;uet3, etc., raisin:.^ 
the olay 'iliiost to the level of li^'ht oo-jra, loturally, it '.ias not ori :inal 
:.nu3ic; nonetheless, it .vas ver:.^ a^tlv c.iosen, increr.sed the scenic effect, and 
evoked tlierel'V a considerab: e re-ict-ion :;:..on::: zhe audience, rltlou^h by olacin': 
ivself in the fore, it ;iay ..ave overshadowed the plot itsexf* 

At any rate, the ''dylle^sici Pearl'' is certainly one Ol' i.iore fortunate 
additions" to the rolish--^.erican r-^oertorv. ..'esLerday' s audience *r^;S"oed it 
with ent.iusiasrn; C'jrL-:.iniy it v:i„l be Tueoed tnus l. ;ain in t .e ru'cure. It 
snoke strai :ht to u'le ..earts of tae Deoole; it v;as unaersLiod bv t.ieii — and 
thus sarned its ..:reat success. 

■\:'''XQ perfor-.iai.ce was adr.iirable in eveny v;ay, r.he laurel beion. :s , undoubtedly, 
to tne hest aj.ateur .Polish actress in Jhica.T^o, .uose xCv/asi.:roc/i. her 

II 3 1 c (1 ) 

III B 3 

- 5 - 

DzieMiil: GhicaGOS-:i , Jan. 9, 1 




■pnr T^F 

Ivric and dra;.:atic scenes v;ere e 'ually unassailable, lier performance in its 


k^ • JL^V 


.'-aS C4. 

entiret:' left an off jct of artistic perfection, : 

'*T:3arl*' in the *ola"^^ to v;..icii the enthusiastic anplause bore testLnony. 

The re.r^aininG feriiinine roles were satisf.iCtor:;, ...isses ^ Ghlebov;ska, .. 
Ilehring -md L:rs. .^. Cszv;aldov;ska, as Jount lierian^G dau^yiters, performed 

and sane vei^'' well. 



I t > « L 

v;o:.i.en*s chorus m^oved that "..r. .-.. L:v;:.sigroch is an 

excellent teacher ol music. 

It is difficult to decide v/nich of the rale roles should be a./arded first 
pi- CO. '.:r. J. i:ondziorshi vjus excellent and veirr realistic as Count Iieraan; 
?• ?;. Jozv;iahov;ski en-cted the role of kin^*s errxissary excellently. In 
:.:r. Ignatius ilov/alshi who pluyed the ckiracter role of tlie knight Uciekajlo, 
a clever comedian vjas discovered; he repeatedly c-.-.lled forth vjaves of 
lau{-:htor and storras of applause froi.i the audience. ::r. ..'l.^dyslav; Doribek 
-laved the T^<..rt of Ja^L^ielio v;ith intensit:^ and feelinc. 'The -cnights, 

II B 1 c (1) - 6 - (5W?A o] POLISH 

III B 2 

IV Dziennik Chicagoski , Jan. 9, 1893. 

Messrs. Stellman, Suwalski, J. Nehring, and F. Kiolbassa were all deserving 
of the highest praise. 

In general, the production was a great success — and the play has a future 
bafore it. 

II B 1 C (1) 


Dzlennlk Chicagoskl , Oct* 19, 1892. 

Without any doubt, a suitable selection of plays is beneficial not only to 
our youth but to the adults as well. In view of this, the question arises: 
Why are there so few Polish stage presentations in Chicago, especially in the 
vicinity of St. Stanislaus Kostka Parish, where there is a large hall and a 
large number of Polish people? During the sunmer no thought is given to this 
because it is too warm, but during the winter season, with the exception of 
the time set off for the Fair, stage plays could be presented more often, at 
least every two weeks. This thought has occupied the minds of many members 
of Polish societies irtiich have a right to stage plays and derive profits 

II B 1 c (1) POLISH 


Dzlennlk Chicagoski , Oct. 17, 1892. 


The newly organized theatrical club staged its first performance yesterday 
at Walsh's Hall, The play "Stary Piechur i Syn Jego Huzar" 'The Old Infantry 
Soldier and His Hussar Son) was attended by a capacity crowd. The leading 
male roles were played by Zdziblowski, J. F« Smulski, Tobinski, V/oJnicki, 
and Gratkowski. Miss Gintowt and Miss Kochanowska played the principal feminine 

We have learned from the program that the new theatrical club will present 
five plays during the winter season. The next play, to be presented at 
Walsh's Hall on November 20, is •♦The Renegade,** by Laczynski. The plot of 
this play is based on historical events that took place during the November 
Insurrection of 1831« 

II B 1 c (1 ) POLISE 

II D 6 

IX C Dziennik Chicaroski . Oct. 12, 1892. 


The Fredre Dramatic Circle presented ^'Zbojcov/" (Robbers), by Szyler, for 
the first time on October 6, at V'alsh's K-ll. The proceeds of this 
performance went toward the Kosciusko Monument Fund. 

The s^me pl'y v/as repeated on Octo er 7, at Vorv/aerts Hall and the proceeds 
were given to Pulaski Hall. 

II B 1 c (1 ) 


Dziennik Chicagonki, Sept. 26, 1892. 



A national draina, "Consilium Facultatis," v;as presented yesterday at V/alsh's 
Hall by the amateur players of Thomas Zana^s Society. An added feature was 
the short play "Drama of One ITi^ht". 

The leading roles vjere played by J. Smulski and G. V/ojnicki; minor roles by 
LIT. Zdzieblov/ski and LIr. Getkowski. 

A capacity crowd attended. Dancing followed the performance. 

II B 1 c (1) POLISH 


Dziennik Chicag03ki » Sept. 6, 1892* 


In her appearance as 'Tilrs. Kogucina^', Mme. Modrzejewski, gave our amateurs 
still other valuable lessons* ^Translator's note: This article is con- ^ 
tinned from September ^IJ The effect Tirtiich the great actress has upon 5 
her audiences is due to her ability to assume completely the character 'p 
of any role she is playing. In the role of **Mrs. Kogucina**, such an artiste ^ 
as is our Itoe* Modrzejewski assumes that character to the smallest detail 15 
in dress, gestures, facial expressions, and voice; she overlooks nothing. £ 
It is not that she desires to be admired as an artiste, but that the audi- oj 
ence may see in her the character of •♦Mrs. Kogucina", just as she herself li^ 
or the author imagined that character; she does not forget this for a ^ 
single moment, and her every action is calculated accordingly. Similarly, 
her chief aim is not just to entertain the audience, and this she never 
exaggerates; she never makes a situation unnaturally funny; during the 
course of the play, she is "Mrs. Kogucina** and nothing more. This is true 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 


Dzlennlk Chicagoskl , Sept. 6, 1892. 

Beyond a doubt, our amateurs also try to assume as completely as possible 
the characters of the roles they play; but, since they have not the same 
ability to adapt themselves, and since they have considerably less skill, 
they always appear more or less unnatural on the stage. Some are chiefly 
concerned with amusing the audience or causing laughter, others want their ^ 
faces, hands, or costumes to be admired, and, as a result, they forget 5 
that the face, or the gestures, or the costume must be suited to the role p 
they are playing; others, again, when their attention, at least for ap- rj 
pearance's sake, should be turned to the other actors on the stage, watch -^ 
the audience, or smile at inappropriate times to see what effect it will o 
have on the audience. They remember too well that they are actors per- L^ 
forming before an audience, when they should be concentrating all their r::^ 
efforts upon being only those characters whom they represent during the ^ 
course of the play. Exaggeration, unnaturalness, and excessive attempts 
at comic effect sometimes do entertain an audience, but they never have 
the effect irtiich the author of the drama or comed/ intended to produce, 
and that, after all, is the whole purpose of the performance. 

II B 1 c (1) - 3 - POLISH 


Dzlennik Chicagoski , Sept. 6, 1892. 

tfe do not mention these things with the intention of criticizing our amateurs. 
Their efforts, and the zeal with which they apply themselves, deserve acknowl- 
edgement. But profiting by this opportunity, as the appearance of our top- 
ranking artiste will not soon be repeated, we wish to call attention to some -^ 
of the details that mark a true artist, this should serve as a constructive 5 
lesson to our amateurs. By taking these lessons to heart and stopping to con- ^^ 
sider the points that make for true artistry, they will become better amateurs r 
and will earn even greater acknowledgment. 



Our beloved amateurs certainly do not expect to see a detailed report of • 
their respective perfoniances in this article, ./e said in advance that this S 
was not to be a review of the play, but tlia"^ ve would only call attention to S^ 
the lessons that could be learned from Mme Llodrzejewski's perfoimance; we 
will therefore neither criticise nor review any of the roles. ;/e would 
like to mention, however, that two of the feminine roles v/ere played by 
name-day celebrants. Yesterday was 3t. Rosalie's fpQ^\ the role of ''Mary'* 
was played by Mrs. Rosalie Kwasigroch, and the chambermaid was played by 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 4 - POLISH 


Dzlennik Chicagoskl ^ Sept. 6, 1892, 

Miss Rosalie Zukowski. It was with real pleasure that we greeted the re- 
turn of Mrs. Kwasigroch after her long absence from the stage. Others 
^0 had the honor of appearing with Lone. Modrzejewski were: Andrew Stachowicz, 
J. Kedziorski, A. Kuntowski, S. Zahajkiewicz, Mam Stachowicz, and 
V. Jozwiakowski, ^ 

When she sang her couplets toward the end of the performance, 
Mme Modrzejewski, in a separate verse, gave her word that "within a week 
*Mrs, Kogucina* would return as a lady and a queen.** This was her way of 
promising that she would return to our stage as **Jadwiga, queen of the 
Lechites ^olesT**^ 




A few beautiful bouquets expressed, though rather weakly, the homage which 
our public pays to this great artiste's talent. She has done much to 
spread the fame of Poland throughout the civilized world. 


II B 1 c (1) 


Dziennik Chicagoskl > July 12, 1892. 


The Dramatic Circle, a branch of the Polish Patriotic Organization held its 
last pre-Tacation meeting last Saturday, July 9, 1892, An exceptionally 
large number attended this meeting and the members consider this meeting as 
one of the most outstanding because they decided to rid themselves, once and 
for all, of all misunderstandings in the realm of the Circle and to conduct 
themselves more unifiedly in the future. It 7;as decided to have a vacation 
but as brief a one as possible because it was to be for a duration of three 



II u 1 C (1) POLISH 


Dziennil': Chicagoskl , June 27, 1891?.. 


Yesterday* s production of the drama "Jasnogora/' in the hall of the school 
building at nradley Street, should be numbered amonN;; the niost successful 
Polish performances of the current ye^r. Amateur actors, under the direction 
of the author himself, h:v. 3. ^ahajkiewicz, made every effort to become 
worthy of an award of excellence, and they were completely successful. 
Efforts were again made to get authentic Polish and Swedish costumes ^vhich 
were truly magnificent. Perhaps only this could be said against them, that 
they were too magnificent for warti.iie. The financial success must have also 
"'jeea good, although it could have been better; besides the seats on the main 
floor of the hall, many seats in the balcony were also occupied. 



II 3 1 c (1) 


Dzlennik Qhicagoski , Apr. 25, 1892. 



The Dramatic club, a branc^ of the Polish Patriotic Organization, has 
presented its second theatrical oroduction with undisputed cuccess yesterday 
at St. Stanislaus Kostki* j School hall. The audience regretted very much 
that 3. ZahaJJciewicz, one of the leading characters, was too ill to perform. 

The play was of a social-religious nature. The long applause of the 
audience was ample i^ratifi cation to the players for their portrayals as the 
last curtain fell. 

Uj ... ., , - • 

II B 1 c (1) 


Dziennlk Clilcagoskl > Feb. 29, 1892 


A capacity crowd filled the Polish hall last night to see the members of 
the Dramatic club, a branch of the Patriotic Organization, perform the 
play **Children of Israel, ** which was their first venture on the stage. 
This large attendance proved that Poles like amateur shows and that they 
come to see them regardless of how many other entertainments are going 
on in the Polish neighborhoods. Even though this show took place the 
Sunday before Lent and in the midst of political activities, the desire ' 
to see a Polish drama was not swayed. The tempting masquerade ball on 
the South Side, the concei't of the Alliance Singers and the many church 
bazaars failed to draw the audience away. 

This packed-house audience was a direct recognition of the author* s talent 
and the Dramatic Club's ability to present a drama on the amateur stage. 
The hall was filled early. L!any people were turned away before curtain 

II E 1 c (1) 

- 2 - 


Dziennik Chicagoski, Feb. 29, 1G92. 

A majority of the roles v/ere Tilled by former members v/ho had presented the 
orip;inal play some time ago in Chicar'o. In yesterday's revised edition, the 
author did not ta}:e part, Kis role of Jacob was ably filled by I.Ir. Grabov/ski. 

Szczesny Zahajkiewicz, the author of "Children of Israel" and other plays, 
supervised the production, and much of the credit for the success of the 
play belongs to him. He has proved that he is not only a poet but also a 
playv/right v;orthy of recognition. 

The audience showed their appreciation .vith applauses and huzzas when the 
final curtain fell. For a v^hile it seemed as though the crowd, nearing 
three thousand persons v/as not willirig to go. 

II B 1 C (1 ) PQLI3H 

II D 6 

IV Dsiennik Chica-oski , Fob. 5, 1892. 


Iirjaediately after the inception of the Draniatic Club by the patriotic organi- 
zation a special nieetins was held last night in order to get into productive 
activity as soon as possible. After the reading of the constitutional ajnend- 
ments, the members enthusiastically proclaimed that this club will no\: be 
given an opportunity to expand. All stated that they will put a special 

effort into their ;;ork in order to nal^e this an outstanding organization. 

The Liembers made a motion for plans to be made x*or staging a play as soon 
as possible. It was agreed to produce ^'Children of Israel" during the latter 
part of this month. This play will be given as a token of appreciation to 
the Polish Patriotic organization Tor their ratification of the constitution. 
The proceeds will go for che upiceep of the hall. 

The members .fledged their best support for they want their initial effort to 




/ ' 

V- V 

{ ■ 




II 3 1 c (1) 

_ 9 _ 


Dziennik Chicaroski, Feb. 5, 1892. 

be one of the finest. Roles ';iven to the various actors ^ave bien accepted. 
However, this''-- Sunday a neetin^ v;iil be held to r^ake certain that all 
are satisfied -/ith -olieir parts. 

It is understood that ^he author, Jzoi^esny .ahajhie;vicz, has :^iade some chan.jes 
in the play v/hich have ::ia:le bhe entire story nore interest inc. 


V f •■ 

/ .i: 

II B 1 c (1) 


Dsiennlk Ghica roski , Jan. ;'i:3, 1892, 



'■i{ i' r 


m::: dh.m:atic 3lu3 organized 

The Polish 2at;;le Dramatic Club v;as organized last nir^ht in 3rid;:eport 
when a group of dranatic-riinded ^^eople net. An eiectijn of officers 
was held. The ^uroose of the Club will be to re\,''ive Polish drana, which 
is sorely needed in this ocality. 

II 3 1 c (1) 

III B 2 


Dziennlk Chicagoski , Jan. 18, 1892. 


Three programs of entertainment were presented yesterday in the various 
sections of the city. This, indeed, v;as too much for one day. ns it 
happens, there is generally a lapse of many v/eeks from one social 
function to another. Something ou^ht to be done to remedy this situation. 
Perhaps, a committee representing the various societies could be formed 
which would iron out these present difficulties, and help to promote 
Polish entertainment and patronage. Yesterday's unfortunate incident would, 
in this respect, never happen again. 

Nevertheless, v/e are happy to present an account of all three Polish 
programs. In view of such a predicament, it was impossible for the 

II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 

III B 2 

III C Dziennik Chicagoski > Jan. 18, 1892. 

connittee to arrange proper representation of the press to cover these 
affairs* Consequently, we will only be able to Qive a short resume of 
two# A special T,vrite-up is only given the fifth anniversary of the St. 
Gasimir Young Men's Club, v.hich appears in another section of the 

A four-act historical play v/as presented at Schoenhofen's hall, entitled 
^The Siege of the City of Trebov;la,'» by the Society of Polish Tailors. 
The leading role v/as played by :..iss I»l. uiniarska, v;ho gave an outstanding 
performance. The entire play \ms given by Polish amateur dramatists. 
Their acting v;as of a fine caliber. The audience v/as well represented, 
and greatly pleased with the program. 

II B 1 c (1) - 3 - POLISH 

III 3 2 

III C Dziennik Chicagoski , Jan. 18, 1892. 

The Polish Draiaatical Club gave a dramatization of a five-act tragedy 
at Vorwaerts Turner Hall on Twelfth dtreet, near Ealsted* The play, 
"The Heroine of the Insurrection of 1863," was an original one* It 
was written by one of the members of the dramatical club, A. 3. 

At six o'clock, the public began to make its appearance at the large 
hall. At eight o'clock, when the curtain v/a:^ raised for the first act, 
the entire house was sold out. The people were crowded to such an 
extent that many had to stand, for even the extra chairs were occupied. 
People cane from all the cross sections of the city to view this well 
advertised tragedy. It was an indication that Polish drama, although 
occasionally presented, is in demand. The name of A. S. Zdzieblowski 
was incentive enough to attract an enthusiastic crowd, for he is well 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 4 - POLISH 

III B 2 

III C Dziennik Chica{;oski , Jan, 18, 1892. 

known and well liked. 

The amateur dramatists gave one of their best perforifiances. The acme 
of acting vjas reached in the fourth act when the battle betvjeen the 
Poles and Russians v;as fought. This bit of dramatization took on 
natural and realistic proportions. The enthusiasm of the crowd reach 
its zenith* This act brought to many the actual scenes that were ex- 
perienced by them when abroad at that time. Liany a tear ran down the 
faces of the audience, for this broucht back memories of those crucial 
days in Poland and the heroic struggle of their fathers for a cause that 
brougiit then only death. 


The outstanding performances of the evoninr* v;erG given by i.dss 

Gintoxvt, who played the role of "/Jiusia," llr. J. A. Gintow, v/ho took the 

II B 1 c (1) - 5 - POLISE 

III B 2 

III C Dziennik Chicarpski . Jan» 18, 1892. 

part of "Llarek," and IviPo B. Llarkiewicz for the characterization of the 
Jevj , " Zelina " • 

After the presentation of the play, the enthusiastic audience demanded the 
appearance of the author* lie was greeted with thunderous applause for his 
outstanding work. The shouts and foot-stamping, plus the applause, 
the best recognition an author could ever receive for his literar3?' efforts. 

II IB 1 c ( 1) POLI..H 
I B 4 

III :il Dziennik Chic'^ c osrci , Dec. cO, 1891, 

POLLK .. ;Tr.^ITI ^ 

Cur amateur play oeason is about to open. Tomorrov (Thursdiiy) the jrolish Gobblers* 
.^wSsociction v;ill rive a plcy and ■■ ball at .-;choenhoren* s Hall, IToxt ounday, the 
3aint Stanislaus ^>ociety of Saint ..delb^^rt'a pariah v;ill present a comedy entitled 
"^-^ otrexrt irear the Yistul-:*" Cn Janu ry 17, 1892, the oaint Gasinir Youth lociety 
v;ill sta^^e a play at the jrolish hall cn Bradle:/ -:>treet. On J^jiuary P.3, 1892, the 
Nov.lcki brothers will ,^-ive a concert for the benefit of Jaint Stanislaus Lostka's 
parish, etc. 

Non-Gatholic organizations hold th^-ir balls, lotteries, fairs, and plays on :-atur~ 
days. Hov.ever, Gatholics in ijaerica are forbidden to hold such entertainment^^ on 
this day. Gatholics are allov.ed to have plays with dancin,^ on weekdays. Plays 
without dancin.c nay be riven on oundays. 

II B 1 c (1) POLISH 


Dzleimik Chicagoski > Dec. 28, 1S91^ 

Polish Drama Staged on the South Side 


A. L. 

The Polish Drainatic Club, under the protect ion of Saint Cecilia, in Town of 
Lake, Chicago, staged Father K. F. Slominski * s five-act drama, '^Innocently 

The Columbia Kail, 48th and Paulina Streets, at v/hich the play was held, v/as 
so filled that there vnxs not even standing room, Lany well-known citizens, 
even from the West Side, attended the play because they wished to see Father 
Slominski's play and because they wished to help the new parish. The per- 
formance lasted almost three hours. The plot of the play is so interesting 
that it brings honor to the author. Other dramatic clubs will probably try 
to stage this play. 

II B 1 C (1) - 2 - POLISH 


Dziennik Ghicagoski , Dec. 28, 1891. 

The amateurs played fairly well, but had they memorized their parts, and had 
their gestures and diction been more natural, the play would have been more 

II B 1 c (1) 


Dziennik Chicagoski , Dec* 26, 1891. 

Polish Dramatic Circle btages a Play 

The Polish Dramatic Circle of Chicago (not the one organized by the Polish 
Patriotic Organization) will stage an amateur play on January 17, 1892, at 
Vorwaert's Turner Hall, Twelfth and Halsted Streets. 

A drama, ''The Heroine of the Insurrection of 1863 or The Mysterious Manor 
by the Forest," v;ill be presented. 

II B 1 c f jU 
II D 2 d ^(1) 



D ziennik Ohicagoski , Cct. :Jo, 181/ 1. 

'^Dear jlditors: 

(;. l-.tter; 

"Oiiicar^o, Illinois, Oct. 23, 1891. 

"'xhe criticisui or the Volish draiiia '"J?iiluren of Israel," v/iiicii appeared in 
ITo. 48 of Gazeta i.atoli olza, noeds a fev; renarlzs. i.indly £Ta:it ne the courtesy 
of answering tl^ critic in the coluiiins of your journal. 

"A cool, L'::partial, and oven sharp criticisr: is often necessary, but to nis- 
le£.d tl'ie public is destructive, and the author of tho article criticizing 
'Ghildre" of Israel • in (j^a'jota ICatolicka is y.^iilty of it. 

I I ;: 1 c f l) - 2 - POLlv^il 

II :: c d*(i) 

J::ionni> Chicaco3- :i, Cct. 2o, 1891. 

"lie is indignant because Dz ien'.lk whicagoski said Lliat 'probably a uraina as 
boautiful as tliis one lias novor bjen_;V_^itten Tor the r-olish -eople*. oince 
*probabl;:^' means, 'it see...3 to :Tie^ /^sicT", tlie state :ont ;loos not denote a 
positive I'lCt, i.nd hence there is ..o reasoii Tor attackin'^ Dziennik Ghicaooslii, 

"The critic continues, *I do not l-niov; all draias based oji tlie liJe oi* tho com- 
non people,' and vet he criticizes. .;ill tne cri"Gic Jro u G a::.eta luitolicka be 
so kind as to r>t.ate '.vhe^.her (.here is another drann in Tolish literature, based 
on the stor:?- of Joseph, v;ritten v;ith r>uch precision as 'Children of Israel'? 

'"Tlae critic na:'' r^^ay, 'I do not knov/' ; if so, then, v/hy does he criticize? The 
critic atT;rees t:iat the ^'irst act \;a3 very beautiful, anl this opinion v;as con- 
firmed b:' the public, v;ho listened to this act ;;ith such great a::tention and 
observed it jith such concentration as .;as never jieard of before, :\nd this 
may be said ubout the v;hole drarda: fho public, v;hose instruction and entertain- 
laent v;ere the author's object, is the best critic of the v;ork, and its judgment 

I .: 1 c ^ : 

I B :'. d (Ij 

•/as J'lvorablo, 

"It Iia^'p^recl v'lat ra'iar; ._^iotyn '.iccorui:: ; 1:0 tho stiTiuarao of th:3^^■crical 
;plr:i7s 'id r.ot rl^jaso i>he "puoiic, -^iid on \^' As iceoiint dro :pod and nevor 
prGssr.v.ed ..-.g-iin. 

'^.Jhe dra'ia 'Jhiidre- v.,f Israel*, -:o..jV3r, ^.ac ^-^Ijaood uhe >ublic, and for 
t-iis I'aasori an ::ot dror^-^d. 

'*'fh3 rola of the v/ife of ^/otipaar .-as indeed iri:riO;r^.il' , r^aid Cra:-;eta 'i^abolicka^ 
Than v;hat 'ind of a role saould ic have boenV It ij a fact thut ^otiphar's 
:vif3 .;aj- not a Jiiristian; naiifior was ohe a Jov/ess. Aio ,;a:i a pa,paa; tae^-e- 
xore she and bOiiavGd aH 3ach. Oaaln {.he aut]:03.* o ; ii/ho .yra::ia ;'^rosent 
her differentlvV ./at t ao author aorbr.r'od a profouna t-.ou;:ht in role. 

"T.ibaralis:.! a2id .-.ocialian are tr^'in • to oatdo i.ic . ot ^er in conde min.r^ and 


w.a 9 


II 3 1 c (1) - 4 - ^^0LI3II 

II B JB d (1) 

Dziennik GhicagoSi:i > Cot. 23, 1391. 

befouling Christianity, and the adherents or these doctrines would rather 
have pa<^8uiism. 

^The author, therefore, presented a libertine in this role for the purpose 
of condenning her conduct and discourac^ing others fron imitating it. 

"The expression »Pfui' used b^^ Gazeta luatoliclva is quite right, but it re- 
fers to the conduct of the v;ifo of Potiphar, a conduct which brouglit cries 
of indignation from the public. 

"Perhaps the expressions used by Potiphar^s v;ife are too coarse, but let 
Gazeta IlitoliCiCa furnish us >dth substitutes less coarse and vet equally 

"The contrast betv;een the villains and Joseph, in the prison, v;as a great 




^^:ierni:: ^n^ca -0:^ i 




SUCG3SS. Ctx one 3ia3 ori. lo •.ir.d :'"ioldin,'"' to hurian puGsion vor-^ uopiCujci vvi.ilo 
on the ozVxiT the la;v 01* noralit;' and i i;;iontal J'en^vah was ^n'oseitjd. 'Jha 
author ca'inoG the villnins to ugg expressions bliat nre ti^ivinl, ooar-jo and 
vnl ar. Is he to bla 10 Tor tiiatv Shcula vill^.ins be presented as ,i:entle:.ien 
attired in urojs suits nnd 'isinr "'irlor l:mnuaf^3? I'he author on tiie drami 
h'ld no desire to present sac.i nodern rcp.ues, i*or bhcp '.id not e::ist in _^p:/pt, 
I'heir expressions Tit their class :ind the youth v;ho hoard tlieiii v;ill avoid .~uch 
:vords and say: V.j will not snea^-: as T:he villains in the dr(j:ia 'Children of 
Israel,'* -ind this \;ill jj tlio neatest triu.nh oi* tlic author. 



sa.v th::.t the dra::a nlo.-.:*ed tlic puolic, ■,■.:: 
le guarantees that it .;as a noral plip. 

this is eiiOU'Ti Tor i^ho author, 

"T'i ;;re ..ere, hov;ever, in bhin drama his^^orical, t cnnical, -.nd scenic dexecuS 
.-hich the author could nob avoid. ^!\vj, then, w^idn't Gazeta llatolicha ocint 
them out? 



3 1 e a) 
d (1) 

•/-AT T >TT 

Dziennik Ciicaros^ci, Cot, ;J.3, 16t;l 

^'I v;l3li to riako one :.;ore roMark: '.'a:inr. ..'or ^Traiitjcl oliat the draiAa is ..ot 

peri'ect [zh^ autlior -..i .1 p.rdon :.ig xor t-iis re:. ark), no ono ckiouild criticize 

the author so Gavorol:". 'lo is still :'oa3Tif; ar.d dilii:ont, aiiu .rich criticisn 

v;iil lot o^ilv dioCOuraG^ hiri Lut ./ill also rob :.i:; oi strdL-rth Jor Jurthor 

"I, 'lov.'over, .visa jii:i ^'ooa 

"1 p,o 

uok in his litcrar" .ork, C-od bless lai::u" 

II B 1 c (1) POLUH 


Dziennik Chicacpslii , Oct. 19, lo91. 

"cmljicji: 07 i^R^^X'' o:: ?ciioi: jij^c^ 

■jhen the historical draiiia, ''The Jier:e of Jzestocjiov.'a," v/ritten by .j?, 3. 
2^hajhiev;icz, \r<is presente:. c. /ar 3ta£;e, everyone v;ho i-ad a:: opportunity/" 
to see it saia Zij^z not onl'.' .as it, uh-j :-0::t beautiful pi/' ever -/resented 
on the iolisu a. ^ateur sta':e in Jhica,;o, out tlxio it \.oul'i bo hard to 
produce another pi-.;, lihv. iz or u be-'.ter one. In tno i.iuantiiie, the ^rxeat 
success o^ th;j play, "x'he Children of Israel,'' v/hich bias been presented at 
the Polish hall on Bradley Jtreet, proved thao tl.e author hinself did 
not arree v;ith these 0)inions, for he has ".ritt^^n ana — v/ith tne helv of 
the Polish Jraiicitic 'J3.ub — presenter a drarja v;hich v/as a still rreater 

The unusual talent of ,x. .^. ^aha jViev;icz, v/hich has already yained hin 
recocnition in Jurope, brouyht him fane ac^in here in .j'.ierica, althoUf^Ji 
in a different field, for, on account of different conaitions, he is /''C"' 
obli::ea to v^rioo dramas based on zh^ lifj of coz.nion DooDle. fhis talent, /^^'" '-^o 

II J 1 c (1) - 2 - I'CLIoL 


Dziennj]: Ghic:.:;o:;::i , ^cl. IQ, lo^-l. 

cor.±)iried v;itii reiiuin^ cilijc^nco , triii::j)hea lust nijht, 

Th3 lui';*c ciudioiico -..LiS inaoed cl.c.r..:e.i an:; c:irapt;,.red, 'JLir: v;;..s proved b^' 
the 'Tocit UvtenLion displayeu by tL^ ..Lolu audience — younn and old — by 
continuous applause, and by the f-reat enthusiacn uith v;hich the author of 
the play v;ay cree"ced \:'iien he appeared in tii:; lc;3t scone in t::e role of 
"Jacob'^* Last nijLt, our public diaccverod -..nd provuu vdiat it -./ants from 
Polish dra:.atic clubs and -.vhaL hinu or Tilci-'c it on1o':3 an-, acsirec to see. 
Llr. J« 2xihajr:i3v;icz, on the other hand, deserve.: Much credit for ;;ritin:" 
a draiia oiiich pleased uhe public ao i..irriensely anu :;:.ich probably v/ill 
triunph on tha Jrolish sta;.-e in tlie United otates. 

The plot of chis drana is knov:n very well; it is the Biblical story of 
Josepn, :.'ao as sola oy his brothers, and \7ho waa elev.itea in 'jlf^z^'V^o The 
details of the stor^" v;ero arranged vjitri .':uch accuracy ana are so unusually 
beautiful in ^.ver respect that no other play like it can be found in relish 

II 3 1 c (1) 


Dr:io:inik v'uica'-ocici, Oct. IS, 1391. 

The lolish Drai.iatic Club prosoritea this drania unuor tlxO personal super- 
vision 01" the au"ohor of the i-iay .linself. .JLi.ost ei.::htv persons took 
part in this pla3% ana evory one Ox* the.;. v;as .greatly iiapressecl -.ith the 
importance of his or h^jr task. Under capable supervision, the play v;as 
staf-ed excellently, althou'-h tiie ainateurs aid not nave Liuch tii.r^ lor 
preparation, ana last ni:*ht the drai^a ..-as presented on ta-c; sta,r;e by the 
DraiiiLitic Clubo 

Unfortunately, lack of :-roace prevsnts us fro:.: fully describing even 
of the details ths.t cone under our j^i:>Ti about lasu aielit's v/oaderl'i-l 
perforr^rince. I:o;;ever, ve v:ill sur:t^e3t tnat eV'-^ryone shoula acquire a 
copy of tiiis play, v;hich has he:jn published anu is already offered for 
sale at the bookstores^ '".e rey,ret tiiat uue to lack of space, v;e cannot ^ 
mention tiie of every actor, thouyh eacji of tnei.: ueserves praise. 
This also refers to tno author, for our words cannot express our threat 
adirdration for .^is achievement. 

V/e also viish to point out that the hiusical portion of the play vjas co..iposed 

II 3 1 c (1) 
I '7 



- 4 - 

oslzi, Oct. 10, 1391. 


by our v;ell-l:iiov:n orr,anir:t, .:r. ;jidrev; i.wasic'roch. ..s a jev;eler enjoys 
the v/orl: of setting a Tino r;en, so, in our opinion, ..r. .-.nurcv; Lv/asicroch 
must have enjoyed his Gratuitous v;or:-: of lielpinc I'x. 3. Znh:-. jkievrio:^. 
create his drarja, and thus to contribute to nal:e this play a success. 

In order to those actors \/ho aistincuishea tiieLiselves, '.;e i:iust 
mention the i.£>st important role, that of youn,^; 'Joseph". Tliis role v:as 
played by I.j;*. Vincent Jozv;iahov;ski , v;hcm v;e like to mention v/henevjr v/e 
write about the Drairatic Club. This youn-- has a very promisin^^ future, 
because, on account of his patriotism and love for the rolish lan/^oiage and 
literature, he is a beautiful exaiaple to our youth, and last nif:ht he proved 
it. The author himself played the role of olu Jacob. It \;as indeed thrill- 
ing to v/atch the actors as they observov^ e\ jvy move of their LTaster, as they 
strove to reach the level, not of nis ability, but of his e:,X)tiorial depth. 
The; sons of Jacob anu his beautiful dau£*hter (...iss i:'rances i^ock) played their 
parts Y;ell. I^iss Bock's acting- v/as superb: no actre..s could have played 
her role any better. Other roles ..ere also -olayea \.ell. 

II 3 1 c jT .) 


C:;iCL.;:Qsl:i, LCt« 19, 1891 • 


The play ..cis a ^ruat succo.:>3 and thu i)Ubiic aas c:i:.r:':od» ilie :iuthor, vjho 
indicated to us the rdscion of tlie roliGii sta:^:e in -.i;.erica, celecrated a 
triuiriph last ni;;:it« It ;;a3 a beautiful . .o..a;nt ana' v.ould l.ave envied 
ixin if they did not lovu hi:.;. 

II B 1 c (1) POLISH 

II B 1 a 

Dziennik Chicagoski , July 11, 1891. 

POLISH activitl::s 

The Polish Dramatic Club under the auspices of the Polish Patriotic 
organization held another meeting last Thursday ni^^ht, at v;hich the 
members of the club spent a very pleasant evening and profited 
intellectually, iilncouraging good literature, raading poems for the 
purpose of selecting and memorizing some of them, even if it does not 
bring any other benefit, is in itself sufficient for congratulating 
the club sincerely. VJe are giving a liot of persons who took part 
in last Thursday's activities, although v;3 can not describe all details 
for lack of space, for which we are very sorry. This list will serve as 
proof that our youth welcomes good recreation, if it is encouraged and 
supported • 

The meeting was opened by l.Iiss Olejniczak \7ith a greeting which was 
characterized by its seriousness and humor. This was followed by a 
recitation by I'x. Jozwiakowski , which was as usual recited with emotion. /;r'f ^^^ 


II B 1 c (1) 
II 3 1 a 


Dzlennik Chicagoski , July 11, 1891 

Kext attraction v;as a beautiful duet sung by Misses Olejniczak and Zukowski. 
Miss Kv/asigroch entertained the public by reciting Llazurka by Ujejski. A 
boy who v/as introduced by ..Ir. Czekala as his sonny, sang — in English — and 
played ais own guitar accompaniment. Hiss Gk^rczynska recited. li-Iiss 
Chlebowska sang such a gay 3on:i: that' she could not refrain from laughing 
herself, jjt. i-lafta recited "?olev;anko*' with Ilr. Dombek,acco:ipanied by a 
zither sang a verj'' touching song about the love of a mother. Ivlr. 
Zaliajkiewic related a humorous anecdote. Lliss Zukowska sang a solo. 
iir. Zahajkiewic played a certain composition on a zither so beautifully 
that the thrilled audience, listened breathless v;ith great emotion and 
compelled him to play another composition. Lliss Bock recited "To a 
Polish i.Iother^' with emotion. Ir. Kondziorski sang in real Cossack style 
U Nas Inaczej — It is Diffv^rent in Our Country — I't. Czekala entertained 
the public by his huriorous solo appearance, promising to sing a duet next 
time. jJr, Oszaldowski, Liss Czerv;inski, Vx. Doabek, LIr. .Inthony Barwik 

II 3 1 c (1 ) • 3 - POLISH 

II B 1 a 

Dzienuik Chicagoski , July 11, 1891* 

again recitsd. llr. Kvvasi,^roch rslated and san^ a humorous nocturnal 
adventure of a kni.=;;]it. Mr. Nahajkieivicz, yieldin;]; tc the public's 
demand played tne zither again. Several compositions, I'jritten by 
Zahajkiev/icz v/ere selected by the members of the club for that production 
without the knov;ledge of the author. 

It -••as a profitable and pleasant pastime. 

•V.av.a^.'M* ' 

II B 1 c (1) 

ill ^ 

I G Iziemiik Jhic.i os,ci, July u, lh::?l. 


Kosciuszko Flay on rolisli ota^^e in Chicago 

St. Casiiiiir^s Young .^en*s Society staged an aiaateur rlay last ni-;ht at the 
Polish hall on Bradley ;itr6et. The audience large, and it enjoyed a 
very pleasant pastiiae, 

Yi'ell learned roles, properly arran^-^ed scenery; audible, distinctive, ana 
beautiful diction; attractive costu:.ies, and artistic aecorations, suitable 
to the occasion, ^ade a very good iaioression as a v.liole, and revealed the 
theatrical tendencies of the young society. Alost of the :ae..ibctrs of this 
society are very young, yet for a lo.x*.: ti^ie tney have proved hovv fervently 
they love their native land, hov. patriotic are their feelings, and also how 
they strive to remain Poles on .-uaerican soil. Sonie of them v;ere born in 
x^merica, but they do not seek distinction by renounci:ig their nationality. 
On the contrary, they are trying to bring nonor to taeir nation by their 
worthy endeavors. 

II B 1 e (1 ) 

III .. 
I G 

- 2 - 

Izieanik: Chicaf:;GS.:i , July o, 1831. 



It v.ould be iui;:)cssible to describe all tne caaracters of the Pla/ as Dresented, 
The Play, "Four ^Spioodes fro.ri the Life of Thaddeus XosciuszKO, " aepicts the 
momei^ts in v,l:ich this -Treat ..-olish nero li.ja sojia of the iiost ti.rillin^ 
experiences, patriotic as v.ell as personal, for during the:. e iiio.iients he ;.:;& 
associatea v.ith tlie object of his fir^t love, Louise :.osnovvSKi, v.ho later 
beca^rie Princess Lubo-rdrsjci, tnese iiOMe.its v.ere epochs in ni^^ life. 

One of the episodes^a a scene at ::osnov;ice, Pol 110, in 1786, \.nen 
he was obli^j^eci to bid hib love Taievell, foi s ]e had subjiitted to the v.ill 
of her faLLer, ad had a; reed to -u-.rry Prince Lubo.iirskii, Kosciuszko, then 
departed for Aiaerica for ti:e puri-ose of taking a pra't ix. the for 
independei-ce. ^mother scox^e prese ted and incident at Craccvv S ;uare, in 1794, 
v:here he greeted as a liber:itor. He ora^&nized an insurrection against 
Russian dor.xination, ond for this purpose he received donations from the nation, 
and also from the unknov.x veilaa lady, v.idov Luboiiiirski , a laurel leaf as a 
S3/iabol of victory. Then a scene presenting/ the sublir^e no.riejit of .-ipiil 4, 1794, 

', I 

II B 1 c (1 ) 

I C 


zieiinik Chicc.^^oslii, July 6, 1591. 

after tLe victory ct liaclavice, rolana, viien rriuccs.- Luboi.iirski la^kes lierti^lf 
iaiov,iL to iiir.i, iziiO pay^. a ho..'iar;tJ to the "Sa-vior v£ the nation." Finally, a 
scene presentcO Koscius/.ko in exile w.t Solot lurn, Svdt2.erland, on the 
occasion of 'his birthday. He receiveu good nev.s froin his Fatherland about 
the nev hope a^c keiied by Napoleon; also (jifts frou hiL countrymen; and \.here 
Princess Lubo.rdrski, a^^ain, prcJi^ents to hiu her tv/O youn^^^ sons, askin^? hi^i 
f^^r his blessing. 

This thrilling Lieetin^: of Thacdeus Koscius.:.ko Pi'incess Lubomirski , 
impersonatec by Jo.^i Nerin^ and Frances Bock, \vas presented to the public 
by the youn^; amateurs last ni^^nt v-.ith profound respect apropos to a solerm 
occasion. The leauin^ actors v^ero aided .-rtr^atly by the ine.iibers of the 
society, v.ho participated in the production. 

Several youne ladies participatea in the Play, an... contributed lar^jely to its 
success, llspecially do v.e Jiention i.liss Frances Bock, v.ho surpassed herself 
in last night's perforiiiance, charming everyone. She deserves the sincere 

• .^ 



1 (^) 


I G 

Dzionnil: Ciii ca,^:Q_ski , J'ul:/ l3, lajl. 


.^ 4- 

ac-cnovviedciernent and .gratitude of all n^iabers of society, ..e also 
mention Hisses xi. Siuda, ... Ohlobo- 'Ski , a. ^u-.o.i3..i, 
J. Kov/aievjSiCi , i^^nna x-.'erin, , i^. Ifeiins^.i, 1.., 

omutte .\.ac2i]narerc, 

-)zyr..ii:3k uid .... oiuda. 

■,.e should not ovciriool-: here the Pu^isA orcnestra -viicn noved the -oubiic 
to al. iOot coiitiruous anilause by olayin : be?:.utifuj- ..-'oi.isii se±ections 
betvjeen t' e acts, ihis orc^iost^ra des-rves oi^.r su^^oort also. 


II B 1 c (1) 

III B 2 

IV Dziennik Chicagoski , June 3, 1891 • 


The Polish Dramatic Club presented "Night Of Htimor" last night, at the nev/ 

Polish Hall to a small audience. It is a pity that the attendance was so 

snail, though a large gathering was not expected because no tickets were 

sold and the play was not advertised for any length of time, as is the 

custom before staging big plays. This v;as done only during the last two 

days. No special efforts v/ere made because last night's activity was /'.\ ?n, 

only a trial or a sample of performances which v/ill be staged by the Club f^\f/pi' o 

in the future. '-^^r^ 'o'; 


Our readers are acquainted with the aim of this club, for we described it 
in one of our earlier articles. V/e wish to point out that no one who 
attended last night's play, ''Night Of Humor," was disappointed, for every 
one enjoyed himself immensely, and in this respect, last night's entertain- 
ment was a great success. On account of limited space, we cannot describe 
all the details of last night's program, which consisted of many numbers. 


II B 1 c (1) - 2 - POLISH 

III B 2 

IV Dziennik Chicagoski , June 3, 1891. 

We wish, however, to state that the follov/ing persons contributed to the 

amusement and enjoyment of the audience: L'r. Czekala, a very popular 

Polish comedian, entertained the audience with his song, "V/ith the Salt," 

and with his comical impersonations* He also presented a Polish-English 

comedy entitled "Misunderstanding**; I^Ir. Kedziorski, the president of the 

Club, appeared in the comedy sketch entitled "Llr. Brochocki," in v/hich 

he played the part of the justice of the peace. He also entertained the 

audience with songs and monologues in the English language; and ilr. Rosa, "v y 

v/ho presented "Burg Ivlusic," a one-act comedy, greatly amused the audience. 

"The Grandma Katzen jammer," a one-act comedy v/ritten by kr. S. Zachajkiewich 
only last Saturday, was also presented last night, and proved to be a great 
success. It brought from the audience outbursts of laughter as never heard 
before. The following took part: Mr. Kedziorski, Mr. Czekala, l«Ir« Szajkowski, 
and Ifr. Jozwiakowski, who deserve a great deal of credit and should be com- 
plimented, for they tried to outdo one another in performing their comical 
parts. V/e should also admire their improvising talent, for to do so would 

; ■ > 


II B 1 c (1) - 3 - POLISH 

III B 2 

IV Dzlennlk Chlcagoski > Jiine 3, 1891. 

be quite appropriate. 

The most important part of the program was comprised of solos and recitations 
composed by J. Kedziorski and Mr. Earwig, and recited by Mr. Jozwiakowski. 
The ntimbers were interspersed with piano solos. This varied program delighted 
the audience immensely. V/e wish to point out that Messrs. Barvvig and 
Kedziorski as singers, and I.'r. Jozwiakowski as an elocutionist, have been 
great favorites of the public for some time. The accompaniment to the songs 
was played by Mr. A. Kwasigroch. The educational part of the program was a 
lecture on art, and a short talk by Reverend V/. Barzynski, at the end. 

The Polish Dramatic Club will give similar entertainments for their own 
members once a week, and they intend to rive them for the benefit of the 
public once or tv/ice a month. The ladies did not participate in the 
"Night of Humor." V/ill they refuse to patronize the Club in the future? 
In our opinion, this would be unfair. /; t 

(., fv 


II B 1 G (1) 

II 3 2 f 

Dziennik Cliic a.sos :i , June 1, lo91. 

^it ot. itinislaus l^ostka's Parish 

Ju...":in^: b" its "^resont activities, tha nev;lv ori;:anii:eG Polish Drani-itic Club of 
the Polish Patriotic Sccioty at Jl. Stanislaus Kostka's Parish, will have a 
greater importance than it S8e::ijd at first. .;3 cannot refrain today fror:i ex- 
pressing: our .approval or the Club, especially of its manaconent , because v/e 
v/ish to encourage its rneiubers to furt. or their v;ork and at tne tinie urge 
other settlerionts and parishes to orf;anize such clubs. 

Staf'inc of theatrical plays is not tne onl^?- object of the Club. It is rather 
a school for its ..eiabers ;vnere t^hey are tau^^ht not only hov/ to be a good n:ia- 
teur actor, but also other subjects v;hich civs then a c^^^^^i education. 

!.Iany dramatic clubs blunders because its neifibers consioered the::iselves 
great artists, and were interested in ura^:iatics only no.; and taen. Occasion- 
ally, they selected a new pl^^y, selected parts, studied then, and staged a , 

II B 1 C (1) - 2 - 

II 3 2 f 

Dziemiik Chicagosk i, June 1, 1891 


play. They de.»ianded sev^^re criticis:.i by the newspapers, and if thore v;ere 
any criticisms, even though not severe, they .vera greatly offended, cind 
threatened to boycott the newspaper. 

Tvlany nembers of this new Club are v;ell acquuinted vith the theater because 
they were affiliated v/ith other dramatic clubs and .i^ere considered very good 
amateurs. This proves that .;e should enlighten one another. 

*rhe Club has a very ingenious system for realizing its aim. ^uite often, per- 
haps over:.'' -./eek, the Club conducts evening gatherings, at 7,/iiich various per- 
formances are given, either by individual members or by groups. The program 
consists of recitations, singing, monologues, monodramas or short comedies. 
The program also includes an educational lecture, or a very interesting tallc 
on a serious subject. Finally, the Club holds conferences for the benefit of 
the Club. 

This is a very practical solution of the question of the Drariatic Jchool which 

II B 1 c (1) 
II B 2 f 

- o - 


Dziannik Ghicagoski, June 1, 1891. 

was taken up b^^ us a fev; .veeks aco» At present, it is iiiipossiole to estab- 
lish such a school because :;e ii'.ve no means, and secondly, for the reason that 
its necessity would not be fully understood, in so::ie measure, the recently 
organized Dramatic Hub is such a school and :i very practical one too. In tine 
the Club riiay establish such a school :is .;a3 .:ivo': in the project. 

rhe public nay zhaso ^:ivenin(3 £^atherine::s of the Olub for a very SLiall 
charge. Je are infonaed that such a r,atn:.rin - will take place next Thursday, 
./e are certain that the attendance .vill bo lirt'-e. 

Credit should oe ^'iven to the enercetic :.ieLioej.'S of the Cluo and the manace- 
nent. The public and the nenbers of tne Club should oe especially -c^ateful 
to the organizer of the Club, :.:r. S. Zahajkieivicz, the present instructor, 
who directed it into right channels. It v;as a patriotic act on his part, and 
he should receive credit, because he devotes his tine to it in spite of the 


II 3 1 c (1) - 4 - PCLKII 

II B g f 

Dziennik Ghicagoski, Jane 1, 1891. 

fact that he has nany tas-cs or his The Club v;ill be oi* creut benefit 
to the narish •md the entire riorthwest Side, 

II B-1 C (1) POLISH 

II B 1 a 

IV Dziennik Chicagoski , Apr. 13, 1891. 


The members of Saint Mary's Sodality staffed a play last night in honor of 
Father Vincent Barzynski*s birthday at the nev; Polish hall on Bradley Street. 
Before the play Hr. Zagrzebski, the president of the Sodality gave a brief ex- 
planation of the delay in the play*s production, since it had been scheduled 
for the fifth of April, /following the spesch^ Miss Victoria Mikitynski, 
praised and congratulated Father Vincent Barzynski in a beautiful Polish birth- 
day song which received a great deal of applause, and then she san.g the difficult 
but beautiful Ave Maria after which the play was presented. 

It was a four-act Polish play entitled VJiara, Nadzieja I Milosc (Faith, Hope and 
Charity) , that described the life of the Polish people and was written by Adam 
Staszczyk. The amateurs gave their best efforts and the audience which was quite 
large enjoyed the production. 

In our opinion a Polish theater giving a weekly presentation would be successful. 

II B 1 c (1) Mil^ 

I K 

Dziennik Chicagoski , Apr. 6, 1891. 

Polish Amateur Play 

The Polish amateur play produced last night at Walsh's hall on Milwaukee 
Avenue and iinina Street was a great success. There was a large attendance 
in spite of the very cold weather ^ich is unusual for this time of the 
year, and the many political meetings that were being held the same even- 

The play "Gfwiazda Syberyi? (the Star of Siberia) was presented and the 
amateurs were splendid in their roles. The leading role was played by 
Miss Helen Sawicki, who gave a distinguished performance. She has great 
artistic ability and her talent is of great importance to our stage. 
Every role was well played and the presentation was excellent. Let us 
have more of them. 

\ \^. 

- \ 

I i 


II B 1 c (1 ) POLISH 

III B 2 
III C Dziennik Chicacoski , Feb. 9, 1891. 


The openinc of the 3t, Stanislaus parish hall took place last night. This 
hall, v/hich is veiy large, is located at the nev; school building. 

The opening v/as celebrated v;ith the presentation of an amateur play si^onsor- 

ed by the parish choir with the cooperation of the lOiiriits of the Crovm of the 
Polish 3,ueen. 

The beautiful hall v/as filled to capacity. Its beauty, of v/hich the Poles 
should be proud, did not pass unnoticed, and many people from the audience 
admired its beautiful chandeliers, the curtains, and -ohe decorations. The 
Poles never before had such a beautiful hall. Its design, its large v/indov/s, 
its magnificent ceiling mcike the hall beautiful. In addition to its beauty, 
it has a good heating system and good ventilation, ^jiother feature of Lniportance 
is the two main stair.vays and four side-exits for the convenience of the public. 
The stage is so large that battles could be fought on it. Indeed, this is some- /o^ 
thing to see and to admire. 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 2 - POLISH 

III B 2 

III C Dzleanik Chicagoski> Feb. 9, 1891. 

The play selected for the opening of the hall was **The Polish Insurrection 

of 1863, •• a drama which pleased the public immensely, /jid why not? The 
actors played the roles of ardent patriots face to face with the hated foas# 
There were victorious encounters, and loathsara scenes of Russian abuses 
contrasted v/ith the Poles* lofty examples of true patriotism, true love of 
their country and self-sacrifice. 

The author of the play did not present the sad end of the insurrection because 
he feared that it migjit arouse hatreds. His purpose was to amuse the audience 
with scenes representing victorious encounters of the Polish patriots with the 
Russians, and at the same time he desired to convince the audience that the 
insurrection was justified because it was forced by Russian outrages. The 
author put great emphasis on the bravery of the insurrectors, xvho indeed per- 

fonned heroic deeds v/herever they could. 

Our amateurs v;ere so deeply affected by their roles that one could perceive 
that they felt their actions and thoughts. Deserving special attention v/as 

the role of a patriotic Polish mother in whose bosom raged a battle between 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 3 - POLI:^ 

III B 2 

III C Dzieiinik Chlcagoski , Feb. 9, 1891. 

motherhood and patriotism. The mother role was played with deep emotion by 
Mrs. Pauline Kiolbassa, and the roles of the two daughters by Miss Lessner and 
Miss Zukov;ski. xill the amateurs were emotionally affected by their roles and 
played splendidly. 

The insurrectionists were presented as great patriots and the luuscovites not 

only improve the acting but also make possible the acquisition of better costumes* 

;Ve have noticed that sometimes the actors are handicapped by the behavior of 
the public, who make so much noise that the actors are forced to speak too 
loud if they expect to be heard, especially in a hall as large as St. 
Stanislaus's. Actors are also interrupted by outbursts of laughter at the 
wrong time. This is done by the young folks who think they know everything 
and like to criticize. Amateurs should send complimentary tickets to all 
Polish newspapers and see to it that their critics be provided with good seats. 


II E 1 c (1 ) 
II B 2 f 


Dziennik Chica/oski, Jan. 28, 1891. 


(From the editors: This corL^iunication is published as v;e received it. 
Ilov/ever, we like to express our frank opinion by stating that vie do not 
agree v/ith the vnriter in sone particulars. Other readers are invited 
to ;v-rite on this subject). 

V7e nust adiait that :.he Polish theatrical movement in our city is very 
strong, and it is not surprising, because there are hundreds of Poles 
in Chicago who could give a fev; scores of amateur plays every year, 
and each one would drav/ a lar^e audience. 

y L 1 

.'Vhether these theatricals are of benei'it to the public, either by fur- 
nishing them recreation, or by uplifting them morally, is a question* 

Very seldom, is theie a theatrical perforr:iance given without some kind 
of additional entertain.; ent, such as dancing, drinking etc., and if it 

II B 1 c (1 ) 

II B 2 f 
I C 

- 2 ^ 

Dziennik Ghicap;oski, Jan. 28, 1891. 


so happens that such a perfomance is held v/ithout any supplementing 
feature, the hall is empty. Do you v;ish to know v/hy? 

For this natural reason v/e find that a theatrical play alone, performed 
in the manner as practiced up until now, does not cive complete satis- 
faction* It is true that the m.ost capable persons are selected for this 
task. It is true that these persons devote much of their time to these 
plays, frequent rehearsals with great patience, and cuite often, after 
a day of hard work. Yet they do not act v/el3. enough to interest the 
public, because they either do not knov; their parts v/ell, or cannot be 
heaixL. Finally, it appears that they do not understand their roles. 
At times, they cause laughter at the m.ost tragic moments, and on the other 
hand, they fail to produce the proper effect at comical scenes. V.-e do 
not intend to criticize our amateurs undul^^-, for they endeavor to play 
their roles as best they can. .Ve should be grateful to them for their 
gratuitous sacrifice. It is not their fault that they do not play better. 

II B 1 c(l ) 
II E 2 f 


-' '5 -- 

Dzlennik Chica^TOski , Jan. 28, 1891, 


It is our opinion that a city as large as Chicago ouGht to have a first- 
class Polish theater with a personnel capable of civing a performance 
that v/ould not discredit us in ihe eyes of zhe Aiaericans, a performance 
that would attract the public ivithout any additional entertainments, 
such as balls or drinking. So far, v/e have not been able to accomplish 

The most important factor needed in our own theatrical work is a suitable 
hall. As we did not have such hall until now, it was impossible for us 
to conduct theatrical plays. Fortunately, such a hall is under construc- 
tion now, and it v;ill be ready for use in a short tim.e. Then v/e should 
think of organizing a dramatic club. 

Above all, v/e need a dramatic club, which would sponsor theatrical plays 
regularly at specified times. 

It is impossible for such a club to have professional actors. Persons who 


! 7 W.P.A. 

■J' , 


II B 1 c (1 ) 
II B 2 f 
I C 

- 4 - 

Dziennik Chica^oski, Jan. 28, 1891 • 


are not young any more, and v;ho v/ork hard, cannot be made good actors. 
It will be a great accomplishment if they learn their roles well. Such 
a club can be formed under the direction of our old patriotic organization, 
Krolowa Korony Polskiej, (iueen of Polish Cro^vn) . .7e are certain that 
this matter v/ill be taken up at its next meeting. 

Such a club would develop oheatrical skill, and supply actors. However, 
it takes a long time to train a person to become a first class actor. 

In our opinion, it would be best to establish a dramatic school. Such 
a school ought to be established and maintained by the people of our 
parish. V/e are offering some good suggestions: The school should have 
a limited number of young students of both sexes, whose ages should not 
exceed fourteen years for the girls, and eighteen years for the boys. 
The students should possess such innate abilities and qualifications as: 
well formed bodies, a good knov/ledge of reading and v/riting Polish, and 
especially good vocal organs, adaptable for singing. The moral conduct 
of pupils should be under a strict control, and the smallest offense 

II B 1 c (1 ) - 5 - POLISH 

11 D 2 f 

I C Dziennik Chicacoski , Jan. 28, 1891. 

against morality should be punished by a dismissal froiri zhe school. 

The instructions v;ould be ^iven only once a v/eek, on S\indays from 9 to 

12 A. H., because we have experienced that evening study does not bring 
good results. During x,he first year, uhe students would be taught, 
above all, hov/ to speak Polish correctly, hov/ to read and recite poems, 
prosaic compositions and singing; besides this, the school would give 
a few easy plays. 

Such a school does not need any endovnnent, because the students would 
defray the expenses themselves by ftiving theatrical plays from time to 
time, and our citizens v/ould surely support it by such large attendance 
that the hall could not accommodate them. 

After a fev; years of hard work, v/e would probably be able to see a 
successful, first class, Polish drama, perhaps "Halka," by Koniuszko, 
which would satisfy the public in every respect. 


II B 1 c (1) 

II B 1 c (2) POLISH ~^* 

\ >■•' \ 

Zgodat Vol* Vlllt No* 51, Deo. 18, 1889. 


This year's oamlval of events among our Polonia Is expected to be popular* 
Many organizations are arranging banquets and thetrical programs. The 
dramatic circle from the South Side will present a play on New Year's 
Day, *''//omen and Hussars," after which amateurs will dance a "Mazurka" in 
four parts. 

The Central Polish Women's Alliance in America will present a stage play, 
entitled "The Two Orphans," the first Sunday in January, on the South 
Side. The play has been translated into Polish by the author of "Three 
Floras," Miss T. Somolinska. 

We also hear that our carnival singers will be in the concert program. 
The variety of entertainment will be extraordinary. 



3. Avocational and Intellectual 

1. Aesthetic 

o. Theatrical 
(3) 7---^^-' 

irs and ^xposit: 

t..jt — - 

II B 1 (3) POLISH 

Dziennik Zjedxioczenia, Vol* XXVI, No* 259, biov. 4, 1928» ,r ' "' 

cVF' ■- 


Let us familiarize ourselves with our strength in comnierce and industry, 
finanolal institutions and organizations, so that the general public 
may acquaint itself more extensively with the sort of enterprise and • 

industry we are conducting* We must do it jointly. 

A group of merchants and manufacturers have presented a project, i» e*, 
a purely-Polish exhibition of trade and industry. Ihis organization is 
headed by Attorney Andrew C* Bisek, 1152 Milwaukee Avenue* The exhi^ 
bition will be held from December 3 to December 9 at the home of 
the Polish Roman- Catholic Union, daily from 4 P« M« to 11 P* M» 

Our merchants and manufacturers are taking great interest in this esdii- 
bit, and are applying to the head of the committee, Ur* Biska, in great 
numbers for rules and regulations regarding the exhibit* According to 
Iziformation received from the committee, 10,000 invitations and announce- 
ments have already been sent to persons and about 20,000 more will be 

sent out* The exhibition promises splendid results* 

II B 1 c (5) • 2 - POLISH 

Dzlannlk Zjednoczeaia^ Vol» XXVI, mo. 259, wov# 4, 1928# 

Only Polish firms are permitted as exhibitors because the committee 
wishes to demonstrate the fact that the Poles are interested in the 
development of commerce fiuid industry* 

\ ,• 

II B 1 c (3) POLISH 

Anonymous - "ChiC'-^o Society's Polish Day a History Making 
Event," Chic^-f^c Society llevQ (:..onthly\ Vol. IV, No, 12, 
August 1926, p. 1. .^ ' . r- u 

A ^^.th^^rin5: r.-inib'^rin,^ over 20,000 persons and a denonstration heretofore unprece- 

dentec^ in the hirtory of Chic^-o, im'^^r the auspices of Americans of Polish ex- 
traction marked the secnnc* annual "Polish Day" celebration, s-^onsored by the Chi- 
cato Society at Riv^rview ^ark on Sunday, July 18, for the noble cause of charity 
and education. Sverv Polish sneaking organization in Cnica^o and the outlying 
districts lent its vmole hearted su-nnort to mak^ this worthy endeavor a success. 
Visitors from Poland and Cnlifornia and oth^r distant places were numbered among 
the r)articipants» 

^'r. Edward *^. Prebis, President of tne Chicago Society, made the address of welcome 
introducing Mr. Peter H. Schwaba, who was master of ceremonies in the capacity of 
chairrian of the reception committee. 

The honorable Polish Consul General, Z. Xurnickowski, w; s the first sr^eaker pre- 
sented by Mr. Schwaba to address the assembled thrcsig'. Consul Kurnikowski in his 
address, congratulr ted the Chica,ec Society for initiating a demonstration of this 
kind; a demonstration which has such laudable purposes and whose culturfil ains re- 
flect ere- 

II B 1 Q i-i) -2- rCLISH 

Chic a; o Society News . August 1926, p. 1. .vi-*-. ' :U ^ '^'^■''•' 

■> .N .' 


dit upon all citizens of Polish descent. His words wer^ received enthusiastically 
by the great mass of friends to whom he has already endeared himsjlf even though 
his arrival has been but recent. 

Education in United rtates Unhampered 

Mr. iindrew Kazmierczakt ^resident of the Pol is.* Roman '^^atholic Uniont the next 
speakert likewise praised the aims of the Chicago Society and spoke of the oppres- 
sion caused by the intervention of the Russian* Germant and Austrian government 
which resulted in the stifling of education in Poland. This caused the people to 
emigrate to tne United 3tates» wiiere they could receive trie proper education un- 
hampered by racial prejudices. Mr. Kazmierczak explained to nii; lii:;teners* 

"I have been informed", said tne Hon. Charles V. Barrett, wno was next introduced by 
the chairman, "that the Chica^-o Society is oomposed of business and professional men 
of Polish extraction, and the •.'^olish Day» has been inaugurated for the purpose of 
gathering fund for charitable and educational purposes. 

II B 1 o f^) -3- POLI SH 

Chicano Society News . August 1926, p. 1. . ■ '' ■ ''" ' 

"I believe that this is a laudable purpose," continued ]^r . Barrett, "and every- 
body must realize that there is one thin^ in life which having bean attained, can- 
not be lost, and that is education. It is an asset you can never lose and nobody 
Can take it away from you." 

Poland in Constructive -ira 

The Hon. George E- Brennan, who was next called upon by :'r. Schv/aba, outlined tne 
principle of personal rights and liberties which is bein[ raade tne issue of our 
election next fall. He also told of his wide acquaintance arnon^; Polis-i speaking 

Cur inayort the Hon. V/illiam E* Dover, was entnusiastically greeted; and having been 
born in a polish speaking section of the city, recalled ?iiany pleasant instances much 
to tne delight of nis audience. 

Pron tne speech of the Reverend Jacek "/oroniecki, Dominican rector of the University 
of Lublin, it is evident that trie present conditions in Poland, wnicn, according to 
the daily press, are alarming, are not more serious than in other countries in con- 
tinental Europe. Poland, we learned, is now in a constructive era. "Poland," said 

II B 1 (3) -4- POLISH 

Chicago Society News. August 1926, p. 1. 

r> '-: : \ 1 

Father l^crcnieoki, "is capable, intelligent and industrious and has all the advan- 
ta^eSf but must wait silentl^^ until tne climax is reached." He also urged the po- 
lish Americans to play an important role in the -i4%-*iTe governmental affairs of this 

Pit the conclusion of the speeches the following celebrities were presented to the 
audience: Mr. Casimir Zuchlinski, President of the P. N. A.i Mr. Felix Garburek, 
Vice President of the P. N. A. J County Comnissioner Frank J, V/ilson, County Com- 
missioner John Pilkat the Hon. John Jaranowski, Mayor of Calumet City," Colonel Ce- 
dric Fcuntleroy, Father Kneblewski, Captain '^alezynski, !.ir. John Rornanowicz of Cali- 
forniat Mr. Leon V/inieckit Commissioner of Public V/orks and a score of others. 

Singing Societies 'entertain Participants 

The speeche:. having >:een concluded and the listeners beinf, imbued with knowledge 
of education and ozhv kindred subjects, a lighter form of diversion was in order. 

Many of the foremost Polish ringing focietie^. -ontrib-.ted to trie enjoyment of tne 
occasion by rendering beautiful vocal selectionsx An orcnestra composed solely of 
young people won great applause witu its rendition 3f )lish airs. 

II B 1 c (3) -5- POLISH 

Qhlcago "ocietv News. Aurust I926, p. 1. WPA (ILl; FrI- .02^^ 

Artistically executed, Polish folk dances were also included among the evening^s 
entertainment. Clowns and daring trapeze performers provided unusual merriment for 
the kiddies. 

Auxiliary Also .^ids 

The rest of the evening was spent either in dancing at the pavilion or goin^ about 
renewing old acquaintances and happily commenting upon the success of the day. 

Many thanks are due to the ladies of the Chicago '"ociety Auxiliary who nave so 
generously contributed their time and energy in the way of assuming tne responsi- 
bility of different booths. Mrs. Frank V- Zintak, President of tae Chica^^o Society 
Auxiliaryi supervised the activities of the Auxiliary on tnis day. 

Greater "Polish Day" Anticipated i:ext Year 

Now that the Chicago Cociety^ s Polish Day has become ar institution and its pro- 
ceeds are being contributed for such worthy causes, were ..a conceited, we would say 
the Chicago Society had reached its zenith; but we will not for the success of this 
day will only goad us on to a greater "Polish -^ay" ^^®xt year. 

II B 1 c (3) -6- POLI^::H 

Chicago Society Kews ^ August 1926, p. 1, 


The Soutn Chicago district received tlie beautiful Gilk American Pla^ ar^ a prize for 
sending the largest number of representatives to the Festival from the south side 
section. Another silk fltig was awarded the Chicu^o parish for the best turn-out of 
all the parishes* The v/inners of theoe valuable and beautiful prizes were highly 

Among the cities which sent their representatives to our Festival were the following: 
Milwaukee,;Vis.{ Detroit, Mich. 9 Grand Rapids, Mich.,' South Bend, Ind.^ Indiana Har- 
bor, Ind. ; East Chicago, Ind. ; Calumet City, 111.; Los Anreles, Calif.; ?tev<iiiL 
Point, V/is.; Buffalo. N. Y*; and Onekama, Mich. 

II B 1 c (3)_ POLISH 

Anon^nnous - "Polish Day pnc\ Public Opinion," Chica.g o 
Society Ne-.7S (Monthly), Vol. IV, No. 12, AiiPiist 1926^ 

The greatest and most powerful factor in any community is public opinion—not the 
nominal public opinion of creed or statute book, but the real public opinion of 
living men and women, ^natever the irtr^lligent and influential \?orld regards as 
success, ambitious men will trv to achieve. Whatever m.eans the intelligent and 
influential world condones ir. its 'vork, the ambitious man will Dractice in his. On 
the other hand, v/hatever ends tne world regards as dishonorable, strong men will re- 
fuse to r^ursue; and whatever m.eans -oeople disdain to use in their own interest, the 
strong "-an ?rill reject and spurn, '-^'his depen^'ence upon public opinion is not simply 
a present fact, it is a necessary basis of all free government. 

Five hundred years ago our ancestors had a coherent and well defined system of public 
ooinion on public matters as well as private ones. The public opinions of those 
ages held that each r^ian was born to fill a certain niche or place in society. His 
duties as a member of the political body werp sharply defined for him by a series of 
traditions. At all points which the law could reach he was closely hedged about; 
and where the law could not reach him, oublic sentiment compelled him to accept the 
dictates of the church as to wnat he should think and believe. This was the essence 
of the feudal system. The codes of law with which we identify that system were only 

11 B 1 c ( 3) 




Chicago Society Mews i August 1926» p. 4 

< ■ 

its externals. After many years, howevc;r, there caine a time when people ceased 
to be content with the dictates of this inherited opinion--a time when they wanted 
to make their own plao.- ia society, and serve tne cojiuaunity in thz^ir own way instead 
of the way which tradition predcribed. Such men were at first treated as heretics 
and reprobates; but the communities which £ave ear to their new principles and 
tolerated their new methods prospered, while those who strove to repress tiiem, fell 
behind. Suffice it to say that in the course of four centuries vve passed from a 
system, v/herein each man was born into a set of rii^iits and obli^utions v;nici:AH could 
not change, to a system of liberty, u ider which eaoa man v/as encouraged to serve 
society in his own way for better or ^ r worse. 

A year and a half ago the idea of adding a "Polish Day" Fe.stival was begotten by 
several young, energetic, and progresr^ive members of Chicago f^ociety. One or two 
individuals laughed and ridiculed the venture--even labeled it "u smill polish 
picnic". All the newspapers, the progressive clergymen, and the laity heartily 
supported the "Polish Day" Festival, hence public opinion is in favor of it and 
the "Polish I>ay" Association is now a corpor^ition organized not for prof:'*'^. The 
boy at sc.iool recognizes the obligations imposed by puolic opinion of riis fel- 

II B 1 c (3) -3- iiSLiSH 

Chica/ro Society News , Au^:u£t I926, p. 4 

M«r«l z'!? c . f .. , 

lows far more clearly and consistently than he obeys tiie rules imposed by tne nuxs- 
ter. The professional man will hold to his code of professional ethics after he 
has let all other ethics go; for to forfeit tie opinion of those v/itn whoin he is 
associated is a greater evil than to lose life or liberty or chances of eternal 
salvation. Once let public opinion be so clear on a certain point^that a man will 
enforce it against himself Just as *nuch as he does agjtinst others, i''. can accomplish 

II 3 1 c (3) 


Dziennik Z.lednoczenia . V" 1 . XXVI » No. 289, Dec, 11, 1922. 

^ ' ._ v^ 

:iz,>is or Tiii:; iolisk :::xiiibit 

The first Polish exhibit of oo....:ierce ::.rid industry, vv'^ich \rjiS held durin^; the 
past .veek at the hor:.e jf the Polish R. C. Uidon, closed yesterday. It .ras 
successful beyoad ull expectations. 

Credit is due t'nose w'lO arranged the exiiibit end ec;j^ecially to Attorney Bisek, 
v&.o v/ith courage overoaii.e various difficulties nnd obstacles, and started a 
good tliinj;, v/hieh v/e hoie v/ill be acue..ted. 

Yesterday, for exa...|-le, about 3^-0 rersons attended the exhibit which vouches 
for v/hat universal interest .vas av/9kened bv the exhibit. The satisfaction of 
the exhibitors also attests the fact, because throughout thot 'A'eek their busi- 
ness v;as good and due to their insistence, the exhibit '.vqs extended another 

At the conclusion, inoving ; ictures were taken of the exhibit by D. Goff, Inc. 
These pictures v;ill be shown in local theatres. Pictures of alr.ost every booth 
were taken. This will be an excellent memento of the first Polish exhibit. 

II B 1 c (5) 

II D 3 

I l: 

V \ 

y ■ 

POLISH c, •-/ 

Dzien ni k Zjednocr^eni a^ Vol. jL:Y1, I.e. 1S7, Au^. 11 , 1922^ 

3UCCE3J 0? PCLis:! dl}--:;t:'1::::t .^t ExiiiiriTici. or irogress 

Governor of the .St.ste of' Illinois, liayor 
of Chicago and : rec-ident oT the Ex- 
hibition ' vioited the 
Polish hooths 

.vith the cc2'ibined effcrtc of sevci-al iolish (groups, the Polish department 
in the intern ticnal section of "t'ne Chic9.[_:o Exhibition of Prof;;,r€Ss on the 
Llunici^'al Pier has been enricried v:ith a new shinraent of fine lace ?/ork, 
v7Gcd carvin s, etc,, sent by J, h, Rozan .of huffalo, one of tl\e founders 
of the -.ssociMtion For the Proparation of die Polish People's A^t in 
Anerica, to ivhich assocl-ticn belongs also Dr. Pronczak, former head phy- 
sician of bhe city of Buffalo, v/mo visited the exhibition last Monday at 
t?.e invitation of t\\e Main Cor.\...lttee. 

As v;e have already nentioned, tlje Polish department is rich, ver.y diversified, 
narrov;, hovrever, le;&use in a space of 200 square feet it is difficult to 
present rToperly ti ir/i.iense Polish economic development, its natural riches, 
its intellectual and artistic life* 

/ ' . - 

Ur.iennik Z, Vg1« 'C.VI, ..c. IGV^ Aug# 11, 1S22# 

Thic io rlairly underlined In a historic-;'' ranirhlet issued t-.rouf'*h the 
effort:: cf the Cc:::::iit tee cT Vac ?olish ITej -irtment at Lh(^ exhibition, 
of v/hich la.unv thcr.eands of coT:ioc. have been diotributed r*ratis ar.iont:; 
tlie Anerican Dublic visitin-* the exhil. ition« 

In every instance there is a I-olish re: recent-xti nn at this year's ex- 
hibition of rro'ress, even if it cr.rhaticrAlly stirulated that it has 
neither the r1 ^ht nor tlio iriec.ns to a: rerir in a ,^^eneral representative 

The lolish Department, enclosed in such a nodect frarie, i:: r.reeted s.>Tn- 
pathetically by the iii^^erican public, air. during the past v/eek it vras 

visited by the ^rovernor of the state cf Illinois, the inaycr of the cit 
of Ohic\gQ, also the president of the exliitition, Dr# hci:crtson, v/rio 
thanJ:ed our coniAittee for arranginy, the Polish Departirent. 


The incor.e from the Exhibition cf , ro ress is to be used for tlie building 



■.■5 \ 

- ? - POLISii 

Dr.ien;-ik Zjednocze'-ia, Vol. ICIYI, i.e. 187, Aug, 1] , 1922, 

and esto.jlishin([ of a l^^r^e dental clinic for the children of the city 
of Chics^go, It is a rlair fact t:x,t the loZish children, v/:;G have been. 
scne^\hat ne£:lected ia this sphere, vdll benefit in a great neasure 
frcm this institution. Fror. this then, 'iie visitin/ of tl^e exliibit at the 
Municipal Pier is at the sa:-.:e tirne a voluntary donati<>n for tlie cause of 
the health of our children. In this re^jard tlien vie ou^^ht; to speak strongly 
to the Polish people, inducinr Lheni to visit tlie hxhiciticn of Irogress, 
and to lin,^"er just for a ronent to view trie of the Polish Depart- 
ment • 

r, / 

II B 1 C (5) P0LI3H 

II D 1 

Dziennik Chica^j^oski , Dec. 14, 1921. 


An invitation has been sent out by the Christinas Kermis Committee to the 
Polish doctors of Chicago Requesting them/ to participate in the bazaar at 
the Union Hall, The letter reads as follows: 

To Polish Doctors of Chicago and vicinity: 

At the recommendation of the representatives of Up;^*er-3ilesia, namely: 
Captain Grzesik-Haui<:e, commander of the insurrection forces, Dr. Captain G. 
Ivlikolajczyk, chief nedical advisor in General Haller*s arniy, v;ho has been 
av/arded many medals for his bravery, including the highest ranlcing a;vard 
"Virtuti Llilitari,** and Lieutenant Konecziiy, valiant and industrious worker 
of the Silesian mines, I an turning to you, dear friends, in their name to 
take part in the Christmas Kermis at the Union Hall, Tliis affair is sponsored 
by veterans of the Polish Array, Post No. 1. The last day of this Kermis will 
be Sunday, Dec# 18 • 

II B 1 c (6 ) - Z - POLISH 

II D 1 

Dziennik Chica.sOski, Dec. 14, 1921. 

The entire proceeds v/ill go tov;ards the aid of the unfortunate widows, or- 
phans, invalids, and the thousands of valiant laen v/ho have been v^ounded in 
the affray* 

Friends, v;e are familiar :.'ith your generosity, for 2/ou have ^iven previously 
many times v/ithout an^^ publicity. Because of the gravity of the present 
drive for funds, which, v;ithout doubt, is one of the noblest, I ask you to 
spend some of vour free tirie at the Union Hall, v;hich is located at rvu^nista 
and Lilwaukee revenues. I assure you that you v/ill find a treat in store* 

In the name of the repre3ent:^tives of Up"per-oilesia, 

Very truly yours, 
Dr. A. Pietrzykowski* 

... • A 

> .n ^" 

II 3 1 c [Z] 
II D 4 

-?- - — 

Dziemii-: Ohicarol.i, ^ec. o, 19:.l. 

• i • / ' I . / I t • 


Zesterday i.K.;rl:ed tlio Oj>3iiiii': oT u I'estiv^^l in z. o h: 11 of the Guardian .airel 
oiielter, Tiie fcstiv:-:.! ' o coiitinuo-ri on Jecoiijer 6, 8, 11, I;., and \ ill 
be closed on .■inj.^.y, Joc. IC. iroceedo of the affair v. ill o to tli. .>helter« 


II £ 1 c (3J 
Hi D 

III d 

I Gr 



Dzle^irlk Zwiazkovr^' , ^ept, 14, 19^9. 

The Polish Day '..orld ;,ar j^xhibition C'^ii^ittee held a meetin,; on i^'rid^.y, oeptembcr 
12, 1918, «t the x^oliah ..omen*s ^jllinrice hzj.d^v^.vter's. T::e r-^etinr^: v^as con- 
ducted under the chainnansriip of Jud^o Edmund /^J jsveo'^l. ^J-l members of 
the cop'^ittee, as well as the two chorus directors, lue^srs. ^'^^ i{y;a^i^roch 
and B« Hybov:lak, v/ere pre rent • 

Jud>^e Jarecrci infcrned the caniplttee that Lr. r.onan Dmov.^ski, president of the 
Polish i\iatlonal GoMmittee in Paris, v;ill arrive in Chicago tod^y» ihe 
chairman suggested Ihiit the entire .^orld ;.ar Exhibition corr::ittee und 
representutives of the Polish is:ational Departifient ^^reet the distinp;uished 
guest upon hi3 arrival at the railroad station. .^ motion v:as made and carried 
to record f onnall'^'' these statenents made b • the chairman. The C'^mmittee then 
occupied itself with the details of the prC'^ram for the .^orld .,ar ^jxhibition^ 

Recruiting officer Zub v;as also present at this meetin^^. de aslced the 

II 2 1 c (3) - ?. - POLIJr: 

Hi D 

ill H Dzienr.ik ZvJi^^zrCQ-vv^^, ciept* 14, 1918. 

T ^ 

iV coiimittee to of for su'^^'^stions 0^:1 the manner in v.hich t::/? boot>] assayed 

-•"O the Polish .jT.y S;T^u:i he irreinc^c^ • /». t:ioroMph discussicr. of this 
question er.Tc^d. It was finally decided to decorate the recruiting booth 
\vith the phctG.i:raphs ano pictures in t le central recruiti%: office* In the 
center there is to be ? pict\;re of the Itte x^eter .^ojt-ilewicz, tlie first Pole 
in the curay of the United ^t-ites to be Icilled in action. The decorative 

P'JLTt v^as left in the capable 'Vrinds of t;ie populur ?o''is:'. art.i.^^t, lur. Casirnir 
Laje'-ski, During: t'le j^xhibiticn a rrember of the corr-nitt^e, to to chosen 
b"'- t'le comrn.ittee itself, will have t:.e task of deso-^j bin-* in jji/j^lish. the 
life of polish, s^laier.^ in CLjn^j 'x:A in tae trencher, in -iddition t]ie 
national air.s ard aspirat?.ons of the p-^les will be no-grayed, and the ardoar 
of the polish peoplo for the ca^.so of liberty • 

iuis.^ Ijnily Kapieralski, secret- ry of the polish ;,orrien's .Jliance, and 
.♦Jderinan otanle^'' r^d-J^-kio'/icz v;ere also present at tais rioetlng. They 
anriounced to the oofTUPittee the glad tidinr^s be^i^ininc! tomorrow, that 
is, Jeptenber 14, 1918, tae Polish national flar; v;ill wave from tie city 

a 2 1 c (3 ) 


iiX L Dzie-n-^k j'--3Z>ov:7 , ^ept. 14, 1910. 

lY hall of ':hio,i:-o, tiie ^reatoet ^nd lar^'':.e3t icliso settl^-^mont in 

pure::aced by t::3 rolisi ..orien*- .vlll^ince, nev?-r -lel ^^s t:iat^nce r:^:3S 
no r^retense of '^'-;* it, -nd it i.-^ to be ccr-iiclsred tie [^ii't of -^ll polish 
v/orr.en and not the contribution o-^* any individual on;:'^nization. x,Xi invitution 
is therefore extended to ull roli3 woriien in j-ioricu to pdrticipiite in trie 
dedio_itor-'^ ceremonies. x,as.; .:anier:jls<j .,lso appealed to t le coiurittee, 
ur-^inp- t ler to be vr^'-ent at tre citv^ h'dll on this ?;jspiciou3 occasion, ^-^ 
personal invit.ition v^^is also extended to Lieutenant Zub, renuestins him to 
let polish soldiers attired m unifom constitute an honorary rirjiva at the 
dedication of the Polisa flag, Alder^n-'in Aaara<ie^»;icz announced tant in the 
absence of Layor Ihoinpson the Polish fla.£: ;vill be accepted by t je Goirj;iis^ioner 
of public ifOi^rs, I'.ir. harnett. 

The cor.^.lttpe accepted with p;reat entiusiasii t .e reports ^^^^^^ ty i.isp. 
Napieralski and ..Idori-c-n ..dai kiewicz. The neribers expressed their gratitude 
for the painstaking v;or> of these tvic prominent ir^oli^n leaders. The 

11 B 1 c [Z ) - ^ - rOLI^i 

ill D 

ill ri jzi enn 1 k ^v ' ? /-VcAvy , o^-^]/^. . 1^, I^lHo 

1 G 

IV ooTri";itt»?e decir'eri "man:?' r^u.^.ly to p-.a^ti cj pat e in tije dedj cat ov2' 

cererr.o^ii OS at t'-o city riMll • 

i..r. Vincent j ozviakcvj^yi , t-'e secretary .^r -^ i^:^ x'olis' Day ..orld .,ar Exldbitioi) 
coriffiitttje, gave a re] orl c^" :^c- corrj-itt'::;*')' ? finances, .:e tjen annomicea 
taat badges for tno con; itt^^e v:il] be rT^ady Tor diotri t.vflop on Saturday, 
taat is, on th- eve of taj i^oll - i '^rr.y, ana may be ob". .inod at ti^ 
i;ontnv;estern Bank, ^alvr-ak-e .^ani;e ana Jlvirio:. street, hb fu-t ner dec]- rerl 
that the ^x:iibiticn cor;::dttea ha^ nothing to dn 7;ltri the ^alfi or badr^es and 
nonvenirs at t-.e ^oli.s:: amy bootn at aba ^xbibltl^^n. ^hat va.T? he left 
in tae bands of tberoZisi .'-itioral I^epart': ant . i'ri^- Depart^Ment v/ill 
exercioc control over the ]Tof ■> t^ t: us obt Jnod, vrhi^h v;ill be turnea over 
for rolief v;ork ir ii^cla'^r!. upon a motion made by j-, ... r^nfleasr.! it ;/as 
decided to diract the Poli? . public ^o be preaent at t'^a yroand? of the 
ii^jcbibiticn no later t-an one o'clock in the i^terro n, l^:st adriittance be 
denied f^-er because c^r the lar-e nvmber of people expac^ad, since t ..e rollsb 
Day v'ill also be t -le last day of tpi ^rcalbition. It vva- also daclded to 

II 13 1 c (o) - b - POLIoh 


III d Dzlennl^ .^.•Jar^i- ovrr, Jej^t, 14, 19.16-0 

IV direct cur ".>-^"^"nj e to 'Mt :or befcre t ':e ot-it-ue of Lilrert.v, vJiere 
the nost ir.]K)":*"^v.r:t p-rt cT the prc-'rej: \:il]. t:i>e place o 

The pror-r--!': of tlie "..aj'^er. »:e jc::j itte^ oT tl.e iiutt'Otal C^^^'^rcil of Z^^i^onre v^all 
consist DrJr'Cir'allv of vocol renditl- r^- bv i.jaes* R. nv/usl -roch :.n'? .^^^'^^5^ 
i\'ehriiig -and by their pupil ^., 

i^^r. iCvTasir^ror;'- , the (iirr:ctor of the croruses ,d.eclH.rea th_.t t e Jclec> vvill 
sh-itt c^r all recorcs b' prosontin: c. vini-^-'ci c:''"^ru3 cf .^even h'^ndved v-ell- 
ti'ainoci sin^ei"-'. The l^irc^^t n^tion.l c^orus ■ -.ich 'ri r. appei.rea t-:.ns far 
at the Jx:.ibiticn ^-ins tr-.e s*-e^i ^h o.ovvr, of five hunrlred vc-ices. Youn^ 
polish Ic.dies, di^ht "'r. the colorful Pclish niition-jl cost'iines, v/ll"^ occupy 
the front rov.G* ^ji appeal i.:: hereby n-ide to -aill sin-^ers ivh.o -r? to Tvjrticipate 
in this affair th-it if anv o'^ t'te-n h^-i'^.^e n'-itjonjl co.stvuues of thoir ov/d, 
they v/ill ■cirily appear in t::en at t'te j,x'iibJtior rrAinc.s* 

i'he r^iain pro£:rPi^i is to be coriposed r^f the f cllovrjn,': nuinbers a 

II B 1 c (:^) - 6 - rOLl^u 


ill rl Dzl enn i> j':-i h z.kov.y , ^ept. 1^-, 191B, 

I G 

r/ 1) rh3 .^nieric'ji. ^vation:^! .jitrier.:, "rlie otrir-op:in^]ecl iSKunor'^ 

2) rolls: oorjf;, '^ovoVe of Gonfle.-r;:r'-t. ion" (Z Dyrnen i^ozarov;} 

3) Introductory address by tne^resident o"*.^ tiie ^-^o"! ' .^^ i Day ,;Orld .,ar Jx^abition 
conr.ittee, Judge Jdi'iund /j^jj jarf^cki, in wiich he vjill present i,.r. Roi.njoi 

4) Princip:il address by ^..r» uonun Di.'Ovvsk.i, president of t le x^'^li.-;h .JationMl 
Gcrrnlttee in raris 


5) i'..edley of Polisi ?on,;js, si;n>f by tae c'loruF 

6) *^..y Country 'ris of rhee," svmz by tne cr:oruc 

7) Polish National rJif-iei"^, "Lxod ouve PolPXid,'* suny by ti.e caori.s 

II B 1 (3) - '^ - ^(yLl::kl 


III II Dzl e:ir i k ^r 1 p. "^^ cv^y , oept. 14, lvj]e. 

I a 

IV It rriir^nt be '^^nti-'ned here taat in -aaition to tae nrioral lieces 
nenticned .bove tl.e chorus v/ill sine luMny ot:er r^on^s v/aich undc^jbtedly 

vrlll he extraordina"^"' ly attructive* 

Jr. ;;• Kuf lev;i:> i r.ide a ncticn, ^vleh v;as carried to select a coniiittee 
v;:iich in co-cperation -:1".- t .e x^olis". National Departnent v/ill forr^ilate a 
tele^rari and send it to i^resident ..oodrov/ ..ilson, expre.s.-inc^ t ^e .j^ierican 
Pole's vjr.Javerinc loyalty to .jr.o:-ica :md -^ c her ideal5=. The fcl]ov/ing were 
selected for that conmittee: Dr. Aiifle'vsVi, riah^r of the notion, and 
IvjneSc X..0 oaka'sk:a and ;^. i^orzeriov;cka« 

In the ^voraen'r. pavilion, sn^\^^':orel by the ..'^rreri* -' jcirittee of the hational 
Council of Defense, the foliar in- prof^r- rn vail be prerjented: 

IJ The ilalina Chorus direct ?d ty Lr. lOvasifjroch 
2) oolos by ijvasi'^rcch 


II 3 1 c (5) - 3 - PQLiai 


III J.-. D 7 1 e nn 1 k Zr 1 a r/. : o".y > oept» 14, 19?. Bo 

I G 

IV 3) 4) 5) Three ?.rlps srjio; by ...vs. ile'irirr -n^'' her pupil-^- 

6) The P:iilaret Chorus, dlreoted j^o Filislev;! oz 

7) ^nited/ chorus of F;even huniT^er! '^■^.ni:^"^? , directed by ...r» r^wasicrcch 

B) '..orrierj'c 'H/i-l, the .jr-icur Drun :.r.d Fife ^orps, conposed of i:^o]ish c^^^s 

Jvd^e Jarecki, rre-ident of ^:^e jr^oli^:. i>ay coM^-ittee, 'and the othe^ mcm^^ers 
of the co.iinittee have v/orke'=» dili^jDrtly tc -i^rure tne svccess of the 
festivity, rmd sincere recocjiition is di^e to ther.. The irolish nev;sp'^per, 
DzJennik ^^aazkoyny ^ appeals to all i^ole.^ "^c copslder ^eptenber lb, 1918, 
as a national holiday of prim-ry inportxncp. uur people are tr.erefore 
urged to prove hov; closely the interests of i^oland are coTibined vjith the 
intorests of their adopted country, .iraerj ca. This taey can best snov; by 
attendin,'- the jorld ..a>- jixnibition on polish bay. Let voice of the 

II B 1 c (L5) - 9 - POLl;^: 


III H Dzl env ik ^i-i az'-^'ovy , jept. 14, 1918 • 

I a 

lY Poll sh.-.jnerioan citizens conrrec'-ted at tonorrovMs festivity, a 

report of v.::ich will be tr insfiitted in the foini of a telegram to 
t>ift c'^'xief of this n--tion, our defender, xTesident ..oodrcvy ..ilr^on, prove to 
the world at large that t i.a aims of Poland are icieritical v:ith t lo^e of 
^jnerica^ Let onr people r.hov; by tr.eir attendance tneir loyalty to the 
jtar-opan^jled Banner and to the polisi': ..hJte iiagle, bot': of vrilnh 
represent the highest prlnc!;^lo3 of true freedoru 

The rolish Da^/ Prcf-rari 

1) Solo, L^iso ^1. Jarrr.ulo'vicz 

2) Dance, uAss Florence oclecka 

3) Bust, lSss Lorette Turals^a and ..^r. 5. n^bner 

4) Dance, Lr. C» Szefler and i.Jss :1. Bonlvovrsici 

II B 1 c (5 ) - 10 - WLlon 


ill H Dziennlk: ^wi^zkovy , b^^t • 14, lyl8« 

1 G 

lY 5) Sens and dance, :..iss U. ilohna 

6) Dance, .^. Novralc 

7) Polish Ivaticnal Dance, i.:r. John JaveoVA 'arK". i.ass i^i.^relia Jielecka 

The -pvoi^ver. will be concluded by the sinz'^nz of t'o: united chorus of 
seven hundred voices* 




II B 1 c (5) FOLISH 

I a 

IV Dzlennik Zwlazkovjy > Aug. 28, 1918 • 


All Poles are urc;ed to purcliase their tickets for the Polish Day at the V/orld 
War 3xhibition to be held on Sunday, September 15, 1918. A special price of 
tv-'enty-f ive cents per person v/ill be offered as an induoeinent to purchase the 
tickets early. This price will prevail until iionday, September 2, 1918. After 
that the price will be fifty cents per ticket. Our people are urged, therefore, 
to purchase their tickets this week and to buy them from places approved by 
the Polish Day coirxiittee. By doin^ so the Poles will receive credit for their 
efforts. Tickets may be purchased in the offices of the Polish 
ore;ani2ations: the Polish National Alliance, the Polish Roman Catholic Union, 
the Polish Women's Alliance, the Polish Alma Mater, and the Polish Falcons* 
Alliance; /they are also on sale/ in the offices of every Polish nevrspaper, 
at the local Polish church rectories and in their parish offices, at the 
central recruit trir;: offices of the Polish arir^, at every Polish bank, and at 


II B 1 C (5) - 2 - POLISH 

I G 

IV Dzieniiik Zwiazkow^s Aug. 28, 1918. 

/the offices of/ all Polish building and loan as::ociations. 

These are the thinL^s of interest that one will be able to see at the Exhibition: 

1. Thirty trainloads of spoils of war, including:: such pieces as battle- 
ship guns, field-artillery^ cannons, bombs, machine guns, aeroplanes, ^ 
submarines — in short, every type of viar implement. Some of these are those ~^ 
confiscated from the German forces, and others are those used by the Allied t:::. 
armies. r- 

2. V/ar trenches — an exact replica of front battle lines* These are g 
planned and constructed by officers and soldiers who have built trenches on 
the battle fields. 


3* No IiSan's Land — just as it appears to our fi^^htinc boys. It includes 
a reproduction of craters formed by exploding shells and av/e-inspiring cannons 


II B 1 c (5) - 3 - POLISH 

I G 

17 Pziennlk Zvrlazkovr/, Aug. 20, 1910. 

4# Army Camps— in which are piresented the iiethods of training recruits 
Into brave tariers of the v:iia Teutonic hordes. 

5. Uovlng pictures— official photorraphs taken by the American Governraent 
and by the Allied nations, showing land and sea forces in drills and in battles 
and arm:; life. 

6. Sea naneuvers of the i\i;erican fleet on the Groat Lakes— a reproduction 
of a sea battle, bonbing, laying of nines, and shooting of torpedoes, defense 
against narauding submarines, and sending of signals at night. ^ 


7. Air naneuvers— by /irnerican and British air squadrons; anti-aircraft S; 
batteries, signals, air battles, observations, and photo grapliing from aeroplanes. *^ 

8. Exhibition fron the Dopartnent of Ship Construction— food control and 

II B 1 e f5) - 4 - POLISH 

I G 

IV Dzlennik Z wiaz kov;y, Aug. 28, 1918. 

the activitioG of the Red Cross, the Knights of Columbus, and other humanitarian 
organizations • 

9. Military and marine bands — scnps by choruses of all the naticmalities 
residing in Chicago. 

An appeal is hereby made to all ri/jht-thirJnnc Poles to demonstrate our 
numerical strength. Let our people again prove our loyalty toward the great 
American Republic. Let all Poles be present at the Polish Day of the V/orld 
V/ar Exhibition on Sunday, September 15, 1918. 

Let us therefore purchase the tickets from the Polish committee now, vdiile 
they are available at the si)ecial price of twenty-five cents. 

Further information on the Polish Day may be obtained from the secretary of 
the committee at the main headquarters, located in the Northv;estern Trust and 

II B 1 c (5) - 5 . POLISH 

I G 

IV Dzlennik Zwiazkov;y , Aug. 28, 1918, 

Savings Bank at 1201 Milwaukee Avenue. 

Jud^e Edmund Jarecki, chairman 
Alderinan S. Adainkiev;icz, vice-chainnan 
Mrs. A. Korseniev/ska , vice-cbaiin^x)inan 
Paul Drsyinalski, treasurer 
Vincent Joz7.viakowski, secretary 

Phillip M. Ksycki 

Joserh Zientek 

A. F. Soska 

Mary Sakowska 

Dr* W. A. Kuflevjski 

II B 1 c (5) - 6 - POLISH 

IV Dzlennik Zwlazkov^y , Aug, 28, 1918. 

Valentine Slosarczyk 
iintoinette Baranowska 

Coiimilttee in Charge 

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II B 1 c i2> ) x'GLI^H 

III .. 

I u Dzie.-xni.-i Zv.i -. z.:ov .y, ..u.-. ::5, 1916. 


i-'OLI-^ii ^'..1 .i'i' uKLJ ..riK -,A. ^Iwl j.lG^i 

x..aiiy ^.ro .liii'^xit Jhic:.. o ^olioii le-ddei-Lj .vjt i.i the rolibti Kouiiiii Gatiiolic .iiion 
hall (jii ihurscxCiy, i^ueust >^i.y l;;lc. ai-^ purpose Ox' tae laeetm^^ v-us to inaiie 
iate.ioive pre^arationo I'or thu .ortnco.uinr i olii3h Day at trie 7'orld ". ar Kxni- 
bitioii to be conuuctea in ur .nt xi.rr:. 

The co.;L:iittoe in charge u:' the V'oi la ' ar i.x:iibitioJi deaic':.teo a special day 
to each nationality. The xolibh ^-eople "w.ill receive ineii- date, -..iLich v-ill 
be betv.een the second and tnc riftee/ith oT oepte...bei*, 191c, Jud.^^e i-Jd .lund 
i[. hr.s infcriaed the i-olish prejs that xolisn Day v.lll be the I'our- 
teenth or the Difteentn o:' ^e .te.abei-, altiiour'h tnis infor^iuition is not 

This ]^:<hibition is of priiTxary irr.p'jrt:-nce, since v.e ijaerican ^oles have at 
all tiijies been interested m the affairs of this co^-ntry. uur people have 
proved their loyalty to .^.Tisrica so often ant ::.c activelv that T^erhaos no one 




II ■■ 1 c (5) 

I K^ L'zienni.-c Zv.JLiZrio'uy , .ai % ^.-', l^r'l' 


ceui ceriy Uc t.he ; rivile^ e or ii.-.\in'j u .oliLsh Dc^y at tne ^.AriiCyiLion. 
oUt the ci'teaer cjui the :..ure e.-ip:u:ticaiiy ;.e Cce.-.onstr- "ce to trie .jaorijan 
pt^ople oui' L:olicc:.rity aiic btrenrjlh, c3o liiiioh the -^-reatei- ..ill tneir syiriputhy 
be for oiv people, xolrinc today ii. an or;ioi'dly r^rco("nizcd /.Hied povver 
hoViu<- iti^ uv.a ar^aV ou the b,::ttle:'ield. ^t is i-atio.i v.hich ha.': been 
i:io^"c persecuted by trie three >:-;,' powers--?/ e:* a- ny, .vU3tria, an^ l.uscia. 

^he i;ie.-;tino ;vas presided over by tns | oi* tae loli^hi yixional .illi- 
aace, ...r. Ja^i.air Zychlinsici. ..e o^ c-.ed a a leii. thy aiacuooion on 


hov; to ;iiake ^ne .■ortnco:;.ia.* ^;.lish Dav a success. Ihis t-^a is 

the ut- 

laost i-iiaortaace a.^i. ;-il.L not bf. easy to aceorr lish a^roperlY. ^t i.iust be 
rei.ieiaberea thv;^ no\. iu tn-- hot season it v.ill L.e d_ii*f icult^to ».o..-r:. Ln 
au^^^tion t.^ thi.t tvvo polish conventions are now /^rt3t^ulsrl^/ held: the rolish 
Coaveiitioa in :>etroit .aia the x-olish laitioaal .alliance conveation in Pitts- 
burgh, ^ecause or theae ever^/ Pole active in oryanizatioii i.-iatters has his 
hands i\ill. It v.ill be necessary to sa..j.ion all tae polish chorj^l aroups 


JLJ. i: 1 c (3) - 3 - xlLI.->H 

Ilf H 

I G Dzienai k Zv.i^zkov .y , ..ur. L^*, 191b, 


tor tne occiision. ivbc\ c r.ll else it is iir.uortc.a'^ to lualie certciia 
that all the tickets are sold orior to t::^j Polish 'jciv. 

xreoiceat Zychli/^G.ii, ai'ter listerii-iA* to the :u,-,.^:eL}tioiu. of niur'iei-ous 
3^)evikers, projosed triL^t a co.ruTiittee or eleve.i citizens be c.iosen t.j bo put 
in ch-rt:e oC the .nole natter, 'xhi^^ cc.Liiittee \oald h .ve the to in- 
clude other inriividaalj at v-ill. .t i.c-ul. also nave the power to for..! 
subcoiii'.'iitteeo v.heriever the need to do so arse, .r. .. _ rzozo\»3ki ..lade the 
ti.aely re..;ark t.^ t it ;.oilc. be ;acst bene:'ici:;l to the cause to in/r.rce use of 
the nUaaerous civic co....;ittees already or^'anized for the iolish ar./iy, to- 
gether v.i^h their subco.:^:ittee3 , v.:.ich exist in every Polish parish. 

i.j:s, y. proposed ta- 1 nea subco. -..ittces be acded to those al- 
ready existing; ii; tae Poliiih parishes, laeir cuties voula be tc sell the 
tickets in territories assir;ned in thoir o\:n nei: hbornooas. .^ lively dis- 
cussion held on the Question of co-operatiun a.-ong tne choral ;:roups. 

II 3 1c i3) -. 4 - PGLI.n 


I G Dzienjii: Zv.i-:Z.Lov ; ' , ..u,-. :^o, 1918. 


.i co:.L.ittee vmiS I'i.i-iliy eho.:ie]: e.o /ullovb: Jud-^e IJcL.iUnd il. Jarecki, 
.,.r. ihillirj :Lsvc.<:i, Lr. '.alter .ufl8'..s!:ci , .ilaeri.::in 3. ^ida-i!-:iev.icz, i^. 
Sal-cov.oka, a ;,;e.;ibe:. o..' tiie boara of dircC"Gor^" oi* the .oliyh jc.tioiial alli- 
ance, ...r. . . ^lusarczyl:, ...r^. ... ..aranou3.:i , _r. Jos^ T)a ^'leniiec, Lr. laul 

rzymalsjii, :,:r. '. ^oskri, an^ ..j'. \in3ent Jozwiakov^ski. 

Particular e...phasib Vwjs placed on ui'/in;* trie ruliLl. people to purchase tick- 
ets for the Polish Dav only fro-a concern^:, and societies that are in contact 
ivitn the Polish Day co:raiiittee because then only Poles v.ill receive credit for 
it. These Pules h; ve alreaay purchased ticiiets V.t the ^"orld "ar Syaiibi- 
tion are ur^ed ^o attend on rolish Day so that this Day v.ill prove to be the 
most successful even rruia tae stanapoint oT attendance, 

""ith the corTipleticn oi' the ,'ene:al the :.ieetin: vas adjourned. 
The cc..i:;iittee selected, hov.evur, rerriained in session anc bercin ;,orr: on the 
pror;ra.. oj its co^.^in^: c ctivitie^.. Jud.-e ::!;d::iund il, Jarecki selected as 
chairman oT the coriiittee, Judre Jarecki \va5. alreacy chain u-.n o:* the Polish 

II B 1 C (3 ) - 5 - POLISH 


I G Dzleanlk Zwiazkowy , Aug. 23, 1918. 


coiQiuittee to sell the third issue of Liberty Bonds. He also remains 
in constant contact v^dth the central coianiittee of the V'orld VJar Exhibition. 
This fact in itself indicates that he is well qualified for the chairmanship 
of the Polish Day at the Exhibition and will perform his duties capably. 

Alderman S. Adamkiewicz of the Se-venteenth Ward was chosen vice-chairman of 
the committee. He is well known for his activity and his ability. Among 
the women iJrs. P. Korzeniowski was selected as chairwoxiiaa of the coimnittee. 
Mr. Vincent Jozwiakowski of the rorthwestern Trust Bank was selected as 

Dr. Kuflewski made a motion authorizing Mr. Jozwiakowski to choose a secre- 
tary to aid him in his work. He also moved that the sum of fifty dollars be 
appropriated for that purpose, the sura to be charged against the prospective 
sale of tickets for the Polish Day. Particular emphasis was placed on finding 
a person able to place all his or her time at the disposition of the committee. 
This would prevent the necessity of the committee* s relying upon borrowed help. 


II B 1 c (;:) - 6 - x'OLi^ii 


I G Dzienai i: Zv.iaziiovvy , ..ur. :3L;, IjIS, 


';ork th'.t i::; uo-ie l:S m I'aTor i^:: ofte.. cone unv,illin-'1.7 ?^.nc c^.s a result 

iiiaaenuately, t .u^i uuin,; r.iore hariri "CrRin oou, 

V'ith ref^aru to the tic.-:eto it v.lo c.eciued to apply Lhe old savin,-, *'3trir:e 
vhile the ir^.n i.- hot'** ..jr. x.-iUl Drz/rralsci offered to place ni. auto.aobile 
at the uis,;osi.i.ion oJ the coiij.iittee. The -lutOMobilt: vvill be used on 3atur- 
day an-. Sunday, ^^u.-ust 24 anu 25, 19i>' , tc. \isit all Jhic!;=-o rolish churches 
and distribute tic/.ets for sale. This task 'vv.s assi ned to :..essro, xhillip 
Ksycici cinu . . ocsk'i anr ,.j^s. i.:, S^^koivska. 

Then rollcv.ed a aiscusL>ion on x.2^. posi^icu t- ken by the forei n ^ress tov;ard 
the rolish cause, .^ilt-ioufh this discussion not in order, it \.as impos- 
sible to aeny that Dr. justified in thi^ cc.iplaint that .^unerican 
nevjspapei'S j^ive entirely too little space and attention to r'olish i.iatters. 
iiurs. Sakowska agreed v;ith the position taken by Tr. . ji l^lev^sici , addinr that v.e 
shoulc exert ever/ effort to irxake certain that ever./ feature of our life 
finds its expression in the ^^laerican journals. 


O • 

II P 1 c ^5) - 7 - --GLI3H 

III ii 

I G Dzienniic Zv^iaz i cov/y , • .vU; , ^o, 1.1c. 


TLe ncAt ocii.L i.: or..ei' v.<v.3 tiu- n:.tter of bud. t^i->. one ^^rcup favored 
a siiaple ty.:e of bj;idr;e U[joii v.nicn shoulu be ])rinted ^ulish eiiiblejis anc a 
picture Ox" rrebideiit ' ilooii. The r.i-.Joritv, }io\.ever, did not sh^.re in this 
ODinioii. The/ contenued th.-^t the -.le-.-ionstr* tion cit the Ti>:hibiticn i.r more 
for the purpose of ciaiuin^: the {-cuu v.ili of the ^u/ierican 2>eople. Hence, 
they concluceu, the bau^es bhculc; be decorative rathei tlian sinple. 

It v.cis also deciced to lei^ve the iii':;tter of outnininr estimates o ' the price 
of the badges to, olusarczyk and .^j:-:.. :•^orzeniowski . I^aey v.ure to ^rive 
a report on this matter at the fcllo"*.inc' ccu'iittee rr^eetin^-, 

..J?, rhilii^.) Ilsycki called attention to the ijTiportance of the Polish Day, 
since x-oles only v.ill receive credit foi* th"t ca;.-, an. to the sale of tickets, 
fie thr-jii r3r:uested the cor,i..iittee that in its l\iture discussions its i.ierabers 
co-fine the.Tiselves to trie order of the a-:y ano refrain frora touching upon 
other unrelated topics. 

II b 1 c (5) - 8 - POLISH 


I G Dziennik ZvwiaziCQV^v , rxUr.. 23, 1918. 

Judf^e Jarecici proposea tu:.t repre^e.^tativeo of all irolit^h choral 
organizations as v.ell as all the or^-*aili3ts be invited to attend the next 
co:rj::ittee msetinc. ^^ proper ..lotion to that effect inade and unanimously 
carried. It then cecided that the next meetiut* shall be held on Satur- 
day, iiU^ust 31, 1918. lie then explained that the entire affair vvilj. be con- 
aucted in accordance with the progra... of the central go:.!, .ittee. He urf^ed 
the conL.dttee to exert every effort to :riak:e the Polish Day a success. The 
meetinp; vj?.s then adjourned at twelve o^clocK: midnight. The next meeting 
will btr held in the rolish ROirian Catholic Unioi: Kail. 

II B 1 c (5) POLISH 

I G 

I C Dziennik Zwiazkowy , July 27^ 1918. 


Polish night was held yesterday evening at the !!unicipal Pier Auditorium. The 
great hall was filled to capacity, not with Polish people, one could say, but 
principally with Americans. It was a Polish evening, as was at any rate stated -6 
in the program, which was well executed throughout. However, we failed to J!^ 
notice the Polish flag among the Allied flags with which the hall v;as decorated. |^ 
Why? We cannot see the reason for the omission. It had an unpleasant effect -^ 
upon the Poles present, and even upon some Americans, for it looked as if the ^ 
Poles did not have a flag of their own. We are convinced that had the commit- ^- 
tee in charge of the affair asked permission to display the Polish flag, it Vi 
would not have been denied, since, after all, it was Polish night. The flags ^^' 
of all the Allied nations are displayed there permanently; there is no doubt 
that permission would have willingly been given for the use of the Polish flag 
on Polish night. In arranging Polish nights, concerts, or anything Polish, 
and especially when we appear before an audience of people of other nationalities, 

II B 1 C (5) - 2 - POLISH 

I G 

I C Dzlennlk Zwiazkowy , July 27, 1918 • 

we should arrange things to be typically Polish, so that everyone present should 
feel that it is Polish. 'Therever any Polish affair is going on, our flag, as 
our national symbol, should be displayed. 

As we have already mentioned, the program was excellent, although, to tell the 
truth, there was too much dancing and not enough singing. Every number of the 
program was v/ell prepared, and we believe that all who were present spent a 
most enjoyable evening that will long remain in their memories. There was not 
a single number on the program that did not have to be repeated, for after each 
number the audience applauded so thunderously that an encore was necessary. Only 
one song, a rearrangement of the Ukrainian song **Hulala,** should have had no 
place on the program. It is unfortunate that we Poles cannot get along without 
such unnecessary and entirely gratuitous additions, which bring us nothing but <^ 
discredit, as the singing of a made-over Ukrainian song, especially when we 
have so many beautiful Polish songs to choose from. We would not expect to hear 
Polish music during a Ukrainian night; on the contrary, there would be no lack 



II B 1 c (3) - 5 - P0t.I5H 

I G 

I C Dziennik Zwlazkowy, July 27, 1918. 

of such things as '^Kie Budem Lachom Sluzyly'* /We will not serve the Poles/, 
or '^Na Pochybel Lachom" /Destruction to the Poles/* 

Let us hope that, in the future, this will not be repeated at Polish concerts 

that is, if we are anxious that others should have a good opinion of us and ;■ 

know our Polish music. ', 

Let us love Polish music and artl Let us love our Polish flag with its ^ite -o 


II B 1 C (5) POLISH 

II D 10 

III K Dziennik Zwiazko'/jy , .:£Q/ 21, 1918. 

I G 


Clear Profit iuiiounts to ^275 


The bazaar vjhich v;as hold by tlie well-knovra Girls* .^id for Girls of Poland L^ 

Society, at the Polish V/omen's Alliance Kali from April 24 to April 26, in- p^ 

elusive, was quite successful, as we can see from the financial report. The 2 

Society's clear profit frou tl.e bazaar was ^;275, which has already been do- ^ 

nated to the desic-nated fund /Polish relief/- The public should be thaniced ^ 
for the success of the affair because despite the bad vjeather, the attendance 
was good. Those v;ho contributed ite:iis for sale should also be thanked. 

The Girls* Aid for Girls of Poland Society also extends its thanlcs to all 
those who participated in the program as well as to those who helped arrange 
the bazaar. 

The gross incoiae froii the bazaar v;as ^450; expenses were §155, leaving a clear 
profit of $275. 

II B 1 c (5) 

II D 10 

I G 

- 2 - 

Dziermik Zv;iazkov.'y, i:ay 21, 1S18. 


/Translators note: The naiies of contributors to ths bazaar have been onitted 
in translation./ 


II B 1 c (3) POLISH 

II D 10 

III C Dzlennlk Zwlazkovjy . Oct* 9, 1917* 


The long-advertised and well-prepared bazaar in Holy Trinity Parish started 
with great success yesterday afternoon (October 7), thanks to the generous 
support of the local societies, familiss, and individuals* It was the task 
of the Alliance of Polish military societies and the mothers of Holy Trinity 
Parish to open this bazaar on a large scale* The societies of the Alliance 
worked energetically* They gathered, in uniform, in front of Holy Trinity 
Church in considerable numbers, together with the Holy Trinity Band, at about 
four o'clock in the afternoon and paraded down Noble Street, arriving finally 
at the new school building on Division and Cleaver Streets* The parade of 
military societies was at once a gala opening of the bazaar, a fine advertise- 
ment of it in Holy Trinity Parish, and an invitation to the public to partici- 

The mothers of Holy Trinity Parish gathered in great numbers, showing by this 
their own great interest in the baza.r and their willingness to support an 

II B 1 c (3) - 2 - POLISH 

II D 10 

III C Dziennik Zwjazkowy, Oct. 9, 1917* 

enterprise for so noble a cause, as the bazaar is being held for the benefit 
of the new school, i^mongst others, we noticed many members of 3t# Ik-lary of 
Perpetual Help Society, the Patriotic Polish .Vonens' Club, the Apostles of 
Prayer, the Rosary V/onen's Society, and the Association of Holy Trinity Choirs. 

/dth such willing and active participation of the parishioners, the opening of 
the great bazaar was eminently successful. From the time of its solemn opening 
to the late hours of the evening, people kept arriving in sizable groups, so 
that the large parish hall was always filled and active. 



The preparations in the hall presemted a splendid picture. The booths are ar- 2 
ranged very well and it needs but one look to see that the various local socie- ^ 
ties which undertook to conduct them have done their jobs carefully. "i^ 

Yes, the bazaar gives promise of great success, especially if one takes into 
consideratior the present high prices which, amongst our people, who are on the 
average none too well off, have begun to make themselves felt. But despite high 

II B 1 C (5) - 3 - POLISH 

II D 10 

III C Dzlennik Zwlazkowy , Oct. 9, 1917. 

prices, we give whatever we can. We shall bring this bazaar to a conclusion 
as successful as its beginning. And so, ladies and gentlemen who attended 
yesterday, tell your friends and neighbors about it* Tell them what you saw, 
tell them about the arrangement of the booths, of the amusements, and of the 
capable, courteous service rendered by the men, women, young men, and young 
women who are working to make the bazaar a success. You need tell them nothing 5 
more, Just describe honestly what you have seen and you can be sure that your ^ 
friends and neighbors will also come to the bazaar. r^ 

This evening, the bazaar will be conducted by the 7/omens* Auxiliary of the o 
Catholic Order of Foresters, the Free Polish Women in the Land of Washington, ^ 
and the Citizens' Clubs of this parish. i 

II - 1 c (:^) Z^:iIZ 

III B 2 

Dzlennik .^nazkovr/ , .i-r. 16, 1917. 

Saturdav's -parade ol" the 'n^mb^^rs of the .ail^i.ce of roli'-h ..ilitary oocioties, 
marchin'- throu^li the Loop to -rant hark, laade a very nice shovjin--. 

The parade, v.tiich started at 4 ". V. fron Division otreet and harsh ■'ield 
.^venue, v/as headed by a detachment of cavalry consi-^tin^- of about thirty 
stalvrart iien on po^"erful horses. This -as follov;ed by infantry. The h05^-ital 
division closed the ':<arade. 

The weather was fine for the :riarch^-^rs. iherever the holish soldi-rs narci.ed, 
cro^'^jds fathered to -vatch. them, ^re^uently cheers ^'/ere heard in honor^ of our 
soldiers. ATniforned nenbers of so-callei .olish iiilitary societies/. 



c • 


c - 

n B 1 c (3) POLISH 

III B 2 

H D 10 Dziennik arlazkoity , Dec. 15, 1916* 




As in other cities of the United States , an **Allied Bazaar^ will be held in 
Chicago from January 10 to January 20 , 1917 • The Poles will also participate 
in this Bazaar; the General Bazaar Conmiittee ^ under the direction of the Polish 
Central Relief Conniitteey has been working for the past few weeks to make the 
Polish section at this Bas^ar as successful as possible, so that the income 
from it for Poland will be large* 

We must not even think that the Poles of Chicago will not give this venture 
their wholehearted support, for it has, besides gathering a few thousand dollars 
for the relief fund, other aims; namely, it will give the thousands of people 
who pass through the Coliseum a passing acquaintance, at least, with our 
solidarity, and our desire to do everything in our power to give our motherland 
the aid she so badly needs • 

II B 1 (g) - 2 - POLISH 

III B 2 

II D 10 Dzlennik Zwiazkowy , Dec. 15, 1916. 


The chief concern is that the Polish section at the Bazaar shall be as 
tastefully and well arranged as possible. Having seen the list of persons who 
are active members of the General Committee, we have no doubt but that it will, 
and that it will also be adequately stocked. We do not doubt but that the 
Polish merchants will do their part. 

We €Lre convinced that there are plenty of generous people aBong us, and that 
everyone will donate the very best that he can afford to the Bazaar# Not all 
of us can, and not all of us have the time to share the task of making the 
arrangements for the Polish section, but it is our duty to lighten that task 
by not waiting until we are asked for a contribution, but by placing volunteurily 
our donation or a sum of money into the General Committee *s hands. 

With the general support of the Bazaar by our organizations, the Polish clergy, 
the Polish press, and with the good will and efforts of the members of the 
General Committee, we can only believe that the Polish section at the Bazaar in 
the Coliseum will not be the least significant section, even if it cannot lead 

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II D 10 Dzlennlk Znylazkowy , Dec. 15, 1916. 


the others. Let us remember that this work is not for our own glory, 
but for Poland; in a few days, we can gather a considerable fund for relief pur- 
poses—money with which we will be able to prevent a great deal of human suffer- 
ing during the severe winter ^onths/ and during the period ot the famine which 
now exists in Poland. 

If the General Committee needs, as an incentive to work, our assurance that the 
Bazaar itself will be a success, we can give that assurance, knowing the gener- 
osity of our Poles very well. We can easily visualize the great crowds that 
will hurry to the Bazaar from various Polish commxmities in Chicago and its 
vicinity. We hazard a guess that on Polish Day, the huge Coliseum will not be 
large enough to accommodate all those Poles who will hurry there, conscious of 
their duty to