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lit CONTRI6UTI0MS 
AND ACTIYITIliS 
A. Vocational 
3« Aesthetic 

c. Painting and Sculpture 







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II A 3 C J3WIoH 

The Sentinel . Jan. 29. 1915. t^^ " f^U. rp-^j 1077s 

LOUIS Rimaj's paihtings on shhibition 

Another honor has been conferred on Louis Ritman, the young Chicago artist 
whose picture was among those selected for purchase by the Friends of i^erican 

Art. 

HaiTington Mann, celebrated English portrait artist, visited a studio where 
Hitman's pictures were on exhibition. He exp^ressed admiration for them, and 
invited Ritman to send three tp next season's exhibition of the Society of 
Artists, Sculptors and Sngravers in London. 

Arrangements are bing made to set aside a room in the Art Institute for an 
exhibition of Hitman's paintings beginning February 2. 



II A 3 e JEWISH "^ 

Chicago Trllwine , Sept. 20, 1937. -^ 

STATUE OP MICHAEL REESE \ 

Scixlptor H* H, Parks of 1843 Uiehigan Avenue has Just finished a Paris plaster model -^ 
of a statue of Uiehael Beese, to be erected next spring on the walk leading to the \ 
Michael Reese Hospital on the lake front, near Twenty-nineth Street. Joseph Bosen- 
berg, who lired in San Francisco » a son of Jacob Bosenberg of 1626 Michigan Avenuot 
was a nephew of Michael Beese 8uid in his will provided that $10^000 of his noaey 
should be paid for a statue of his uncle t to be placed in the hospital grounds* The 
executors gave the cofflmission to Mr* Parks, who has designed a standing figure of 
Michael Beese eight feet high* The statue is to be of bronze, cast in Chicago or in 
Borne* The simplicity of the life of Mr* Beese is copied in the plaster figure* The 
dress is simple, the folds of the frock coat being carelessly drawn back, the right 
hand resting on the hips and the left foot thrown forward* In making the model Mr# 
Parks was guided by a photograph of Mr* Beese taken about five years before his death* 
The bronse figure will rest on a pedestal of Bovano granite, from Italy, twelve feet 
high and sixteen feet square* The bronze statue will cost about $7^000* 






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The Reform Advocate, Wlc. of May 7, IS?-!, Vol. 73, t).U21. 






The ejinual exhibit of the works of Chicap-o Jewish artists rill he on dis- 5 ' -^ 



play at the Culture Cluh Center, 75 W. Rajidolph street, from Hay 7 to 12» 






There are forty-two rrtists represented this yerr. It is the largest exhibit i^ 
ever undertaken and sioonsored by the Jewish 7/omen's Art Club, i'roin r> general 
art viewpoint , the character of the paintings is on a very high ^n^ unique 
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The Reform Advocate ^ Volume 71; V/eek of June Ze^ 1926*... I^age 741, 

Aaron Lebedinskyt seventeen years old Jewish boytwho came to America from ^ 
Russia three years agOt enjoys the distinction of being the only public school 
pupil ever awarded a scholarship to the Art Institute^ 



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Chicago Hetrew Institute Observer, June S, I926. 



BEZALEL EXHIBITION OPEIIED JUIIS 5, 

From June 5 to Jxine lU, Chic8>^o will have the unusual opportunity of view- 
ing the famous Palestine Exhibit of Arts and Crafts assembled \inder the 
personal direction of Dr. Boris Shartz, Director of the Berzalel School 
of Palestine. 

The Exhibit was shown in England, France, and Cermany before it was brought 
to the United States. Paintings, sculpture, rugs, metal works, ivories, 
bronzes, reliefs and plaques, illustrated books, embroideries decorated 
titles, etc., will be exhibited. 



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The Forward . November 26. 1923. ^^P^' ('i-U PROJ. 302^5 



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' - . . HER NE\7 INVENTION 

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,.: - " - U, Tolohin. 



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A Je^vish woman of Chicago, a mother of two grown children, is now "being 
admired by the greatest sculptors of the land for her wonderful achievement* 









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Mrs# Elizabeth Nathanson, who Is widely known in many art circles of Chicago, 

as a greet critic e.nd lover of art, has perfected the art of sculpture by 

inventing a natural mask, revealing the exact features of a person accurate- 

v.-.^/\;v;^ 1. ly and permanently* 






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She practiced on n^ r own daughter, Pauline, who acted as her mother's model* . . 
':!^^MM- ^rs. Nathanson brought plester and other necessary materials and began working 
with trembling hands on the beautiful face of her daughter^ And after apply- 



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JEinSH SCULPTRESS CREATES A GREAT SENSATION I'^TH J 









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i ing her entire knowledge thereto, the mask was made* 



















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The Foil's. rd. November 26, 1923. 



JET-TI SH 



WFA (ILL,) PROJ. 30275 



At first, famous sculptors of Chicago, were astonished by the work of Mrs. 
Mathanson. It later beceme very popular among the wealthy class. Beginning 
with Ue.yor Dever and ending with the multi-millionaire, Harold McCormick, and 

his v/ife, (Mrs») Ganna -Tolska.*.*. everybody €oon began to desire to have 

masks made by UrSm Nethanson. 






However, the Jevdsh sculptress ignores everything. It is too dear to her for 
commercial purposes. She views it only from an artistic stand point* 



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II A 5 JEWISH 

Ibrsiard, May 1, 1923. .... ,,j^.. . pj^Qj 3^2;^ 

THE FIRST TBffi m CHICAGO 

A Jewish art exhibition - the pictures of the famous Jewish artist, Satil Raskin, 
airranged by the Women's Art Club — branch of the Culture League; every day and 
night until Sunday, May 6, at the National Socialist Institute. 

Wednesday ni^t at 8 a lecture at the exhibition: a lecture by Saul Raskin. 
Subject: Where to Look and Understand Art. Admission Free. 



II A 3 c JEYiriSE 

rc 

Daily Jewish Courier , Jiine 9, 1919, 

S. B. KOIvAIKO BUYS E. BLOCK^S 
TOO JEV/ISH PICTURES 

As is knovm to the readers of the Courier > two pictures in I«ir. Block's 
recent exhibit at Chicago's Arts Club were interesting and impressive 
portraits of Jev/ish types: "The V/riter," and "The Psalm Singer." 

Besides two non-Jewish art connoisseurs, there were many amateur 
judges present. Of his masterpieces, the Jewish painter Block said, 
"that he hoped they might land in Jev/ish hands." 

Last week L'r. 3. B. Komaiko imspected the two pictures and bought them. 

We hear that Kr. Komaiko also wishes to obtain a third picture of liir. 
Block's known under the title of "The Soul of a Violin," or "The 
Transmigration of a Llelody." 










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Dally Jewish Courier , May 8, 1919 
CREATIONS OF A DIASPORA ARTIST— A V/ALK THROUGH TEE PICTUR3 EXHIBIT 

OF I. MORTBISR BLOCK 



By Dr. A. luargolln 

To the usual patron and observer, the young Jeivlsh painter, I. Mortimer 
Block, whose pictures are being exhibited at Chicago *s Art Club, casts 
a reflection throughout the whole riotous gallery of symbolic works 
and his portraits catch the eye like a red thread, the exoteric, diaspora 
characteristic of the artistes conception. 

IfThichever, embroidered phantasy of Mr. Block* s many hued collections 
you may Inspect, whether the exotic nature studies or his oripiinal 
monotypes, you notice almost everywhere a finely colored fantastic 




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II A 5 C * - 2 - JSVJISH 

IV 



Daily Jewish Courier, May 8, 1919 

veil, or troubled heavens, lone and colorful tremors, or ireful 

clouds reflecting a melancholy and hellish atmosphere, all of which are 

molded into his landscapes or figures—all colorfully tragic. 

Block's brush although free and easy, is also very bold and audacious 
in color application* The artist is not ultra-modern but very rich 
in originality and decorative technique. 

The impressions of his v;ar pictures are not expressed in forms of fiery 
envisioned horrors or in gigantic destructive processions, but in quiet 
touching sorrow, in silent yet unfailing influence of tears, helplessness 
and love throes* imd, therefore, the principal figure of Block's war 
images is -woman,; rather than the fighting soldier. 




II A 5 C - 3 - JSn'.lSE 

IV 



Dally Jewish Courier . Ivlay 8, 1919 

Woman is the symbol of love and siiffering, the most favorable object 
'of the artist's diaspora inspirations. 

Block's "War Bride," is a dreamy Lladonna vath a naked baby in her 
ariiS, Both faces radiate with holy naivety, appealing even to the coldest 
"hearts. On both sides of the "V/ar Bride," v.^atch tv/o black robed figures 
of nuns. One, bent, expressing affliction and v/retchedness, the other, 
pride ^nd courage. There is no trace of a smile on the entire picture, 
not even an illuminating line. 

"The Dead City," displays a vxDman in black, a type of chaste v/oman 
who stands among the ruins of a former rioviering country, mourning 
and praying, iui atmosphere of despair and darkness. On the very top, 
peering out of the thin veil is a ray of light, hardly visible. The 
eye retains only the darkness and tragedy. 

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Daily Jev/ish Courier, Liay 8, 1919 



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To Eternal Hope," reveals a decorative symbolic scene of lifers 
do\mfall. Above, a red heaven, the sxin setting forever • Beneath, 
between tvro dense forests, in the darkness on a quiet stream a 
soldier hurries his canoe containing a fallen hero in the black portals 
of death. 

Blft3k*s allegorical fantasies are also molded from the artist's diaspora 
psychology; of torment and sorrov;, of dramatic effects and sentiments 
of pity. 



"The Fiddler," or more exact "The Transmission of the Fiddle," 
portrays an old man v/ho sits as if glued a lifetime to the same stool, 
absorbing the tones of his beloved instrument. The floor and everything 
around him is in a state of decay, the earth has grown up around it. 
You seem to see the man, his fiddle, and stool become an integration 
that continues forever. The man playing his instrument until the 
ground itself "swallows" them. Eow beautiful and impressive. 




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II A 5 C - 5 - JEV/ISE 

IV 



Daily Jewish Courier, ISaj 8, 1919 

The lyric heights of Block* s artistic imagination does not gleam 
from his physical or symbolical figures. His crea.tive powers, his 
soul, his individuality, the young artist encases in his Jev/ish penal 
works, where the diaspora characteristics of his corporealistic 
imagination and monotypes have proven to be exceptionally prominent, 
rich, decorative, rhythmically formed, and above all original. 

Block's ^Diaspora," is not a procession of bent, v/andering beggars 
with staffs, but an old, dreaming Jewish shoemaker, deep in thought, a 
partriarchal type wearing a skull-cap. He jsits^ all alone on the i^tBps 
of his shop, shouldering the yoke of his struggle for the right to 
exist. 

The entire diaspora imprints, the compassion of his nation lies on his 
glorious oriental face, his forehead's wrinkles, the deep longing eyes, 




II v 5 c - 6 - jl:.jjh 

17 

Daily Jev.'iGli Courier, Lay C, 1919 

and too, in iiic shadov^. 

Block's "Jternal . Wanderer,'' is the antithesis of his paintin.:* the 
^Mussian Fanatic'' (I"^asputin) • Those tv'o s^Tiholic heads 5;re, in their 
central lino, in riiytliri, and in outor i'*ori7i, siLular. The fanatic 
unites, in his -i-lancos, r>orious:ies3 -..itii viclcednes.'v, roli::iouG fervor 
v;ith prophetic torror, 

"The Jternal .anderer," is a patriarchal beauty, his snooth bright 
forehead and nild loncinc and sorrov.l*ul eyes eyrovess sufferin£;;, ani-ziety, 
^reat courap:e and forg-ivenes..;. Hot a single vTiTLVlo on tlic old 
rabbinical forehead. Is this a rytiiiiic error? No. It is the iron 
strength of the diaspora Jer.l 



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The Scribe," is encrossed in his parclu'ient , his holy task, before him 
on the vvooden table. "T}.:e Jewish Nature .irtist," v/ith his free thought, 
naive, satisfied look; the s^niibolic acconpan^'ing v.'or.ian's head and the 






II A 5 C - 7 - jaVISH 

IV 

Daily Jewish Courier, May 8, 1919 

background^ the old "Diligent l^Ian,'* (picture 26) fettered to his 
table near his beloved book; all are alike clothed and shrouded in 
diaspora impressionistic strokes with a Jewish charm, form, and 
rhythm in the personification, the background are in light and shadow^ 

The Jewish ix^rtraits, roses of Block's imaginative garden, are 
masterpieces* 

In **Madam Kolish," we recognize immediately the noted, ethereal, 
yearning, aristocratic daughter of Zion, in a rich colorful background 
of oriental symbolism depicting the historical destruction of Palestine. 

The background and all its figures, are woven around the actress in a 
reddish-white, strongly visioned stage of nature. 

The picture "Moon Shine," is the portrait of a young Jewish dramatic 
actress in a New York theater. 




II A 3 C - 8 - J5r;JISH 

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Daily Jewish Courier , May 8, 1919 

You see a being vdth wild flying hair and dramatic features. From 
the left eye falls a tear. On the face falls light and shadow from the 
moon, reflecting on the illuminated picture. So much unhappiness, so 
much despair. 

In the gallery there are many more personal portraits, as that of 
New York's Governor Smith, Dr. S. M. Melonid, Nathan Yud, and others. 

The English press points to ou: young Jewish artist as a new light in 
the field of American painters. For us Jews, Block is a new modem 
diaspora artist, v;hose original creations we welcome with pride, 
although the yoimg master has not yet found his path, his "soul's home." 



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Dally Jewish Courier , Feb. 13, 1914« 



BK7.AT.Kr, EXEHBIT 




(Editorial) 

The Chicago Jewry Is now ruled by a holiday spirits From Jerusalem, the 
country for which the soul covets and longs, friendly and hearty greetings 
came In the form of the exhibit of the Bezalel's antiques, and every Jew, 
man or woman, attired In holiday raiment, goes to see it and admire the 
fine artistic work the Bezalel Palestine's Art School^ creates for the 
Jewish people. 

It is a beautiful holiday filling us with hope and comfort • The Bezalel, 
with its exhibits, reminds the Jej?s living in Diaspora that the Jewish 
spirit is awakening to new life, that there, in Jerusalem, dwell Jewish 
artists creating art that will kindle the light of Jewish national raainis- 
cence. . 



II A 5 c - 2 - JEV/ISH 

III H 
I C Daily Jewish Courier , Feb, 13, 1914* 

And if there are still people who believe that the Jev/s have no art where- 
by to express their characteristics and culture, let them visit the Bezalel 
athibit and see what the Jei^;ish intellect can create and how far aesthetic 
art has advanced among the Jews. 

The holiday of the Bezalel Exhibit, becomes even more exalted to us when 
we consider the twofold practical value of it. Everybody now has the 
opportunity to bring home an embellishment which will beautify it, giving 
it a typically Jewish appearance that will always keep him in close con- 
tact with the Jewish art temple, and which shall portray to his children 
the aesthetics in vdiich the Jews are engaged. 

The second value is «ven more important, in that this exhibit demonstrates 
that Bezalel is not a dreeun, that Professor Shatz's (the founder) idea of a 
Jewish art temple is now a reality, a fact which goads us forward to do 
everything within our means to help the Bezalel School stand on a higher 
nlane and on firmer foundations. 




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Daily Jewish Courier > Feb. 13, 1914 



JE'HSH 




The holiday of the Bezcdel Exhibit in Chicago has proved tliat all Jews 
regardless of personal convictions, give the exhibit such a character as 
will make Professor Shatz deeply feel that he is not alone, that the 
thousands of Jews in Chicago, like the* Jews of other cities and countries, 
are taking a warm and active part in this sacred work; that here in Chicago 
we know how to estimate and respect that which is so significant to Jewish 
culture. 

That is why the Bezalel is so popular among the Jews in Chicago, Everyone 
considers it his duty to attend and to purchase antiques from it. 



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II A 3 c JBwisH \::^ 

The Sentinel t Wk. of April 18, 1913* Vols. 9-10, p*l6. ^ 

A farewell party was given at the Ball House, Trlday evening. In honor of ^^ 
S* B* Lender, the yoiing Chicago artist who has won so much distinction \jk 
during the last two years. He Is leaving the city for a year's work In 
larope« 

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Mr. Lender received his early training In the studio at Bill House. Later 
he went to the Art Institute where he was awarded the traveling scholetr- 
ship. While still a student, his portrait of Idward Tlmmons was accepted 
Iqr the Chicago Society Xxhlbltlon and chosen for the continuous exhibition " 
at the Art Institute, ' 



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The Reform Advocate > Vol* UU, Wk* of Nov. 23, 1912. p.HjU. o3 

The Art Department of the Chicago Woman's Aid has placed on exhibition in 
the parlors of Sinai Social Center, a collection of pictures by Jerome 
Bloom, a young Chicago artist. 

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The collection includes a number of oil paintings and etchings. The ekhibit 
is open to the public. 






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fhe Sentinel > Wk* of August 18, 1911* 7ol8» 3-U, p.2. 



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Louie Bltiian, a product of Chicago's West Side, has won an enrla'ble naae 
for himself In Paris art circles^ He came to America with his parentSt 
from Bussla» about three years ago, and studied lettering and decoratlye 
^designs at the Chicago Acadengr of Tine Arts; His talents attracted the 
kindly Interest of two Chicago artists, P* C* Stohr and Behecca Krutt- 
achrltt* "Through their assistance he was ahle to secure commissions for 
portraits and had soon sared enough to study In Paris* Two of his plc«* 
tures, "She Toilette," and "Sunll^t" were accepted and hong In the Salon 
where they attracted conslderahle attention* 



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The Reform Advocr-^te , Vol. Ul, Wk. of Jjine 2U, ISll, P.S3I. 

The annual exhioition of paintings "by the students of the Art Institute 
contains many canvasses hy Jewish students whtch occupy prominent places* 
ATiong the finest are counted the paintings of Sar. Ostrof sl:y, . Jacoh Richard, 
Sam Linder end Weisenher^, The last three are portrait painters in oil snd 
Ostrofslcy is a masterful figure painter. 



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The Reform Advocate . Vol. 27, Wk, of Apr, 2,190U, p. 136 



Harry Penkowsky of the Class of IS95 of the Jewish Training School, has 
* captured the competitive prize offered by the Julien School of Paris for the 
"best drawirig from a live model. In addition to the money received, he will 
"be given the benefit of criticism of the picture from the Paris artists. Artists 
as well as students were allowed to compete and about 300 were in the race. 



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II. CONTRIBUTIONS 
AND ACTIVITIES 
A. Vocational 
3, Aesthetic 
d« Theatrical 
(1) Drama 




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Forward, Apr. 24, 1931. ''^'''^- ^''-t.) FROj. :i()276 

minxes SCILV.U'E mo HIS .IRT TR0UE2 RIi;C3I73 IHJGS OVATION IN CHICAGO 

Llaurlce Schwartz, director and actor of the iirt Theatre of llevi York, made 
a big hit in Chicago. 

In spite of bad conditions, the Art Troupe performed to crowded houses. 

The financial success v/as equally as great as the moral one. 

Mr. Schwartz played here Scholora ilsh's beautiful drama, ^ncle 'Moses,** ^'The 
Man with the Portfolio," "Bloody Laughter," and Leon Cobrin's "Riverside 
Drive," a very impressive drama of Jewish Life in i^erica. 

\ix. Schwartz and his troupe were received with great enthusiasm by Chicago 
Jewish theater lovers • It shows that art lovers were very thirsty for better 



II A 3 d (1) - 2 - Jg/aSH 

Forward^ Apr. 24, 1931. -'^'^ 'l^*-L,.: PROj. 30275 

plays and better acting. 

llr. Schwartz and his company were very pleased with the hearty ovations and 
applause received from the Chicago public. 

After llr. Schwartzes departure from Chicago, the famous Jewish comedienne, 
Molli Picon, and her company will be the guest artists for only five per- 
formances. 



II A S d (1) 

IV JSVISH 

Forward, Apr* 21, 1931. 

ABRAHAM COHAN RSVIEV/S "THE IJAN V/ITH THE PORTFOLIO" 

Abe Cohan , editor of the Jewish Forward s has written a very enthusiastic 
and inspiring recension about the '^Man i<Vith the Portfolio." 

It is perhaps the first Jewish play to make a tremendous hit in Soviet 
Russia. 

The action takes place in the Soviet union, and portrays very vividly the 
life in present Russia. 

Mr. Cohan writes: 

7There were monents in v;hich the enthusiasm waxed so high that the people 
almost jumped from their seats, as if the whole building would crash as a 
result of the unexpected surprises and thrills. 

WPA (ILL) rR0J:3C275 



« 2 - JB^VISH 

Forward, Apr. 21, 1931 • 

In the third act, when Granatov delivers his speech, Mr, Schwarts reaches 
the highest stage of dramatic art. He is simply brilliant in that part. 
Miss Stella Adler is also very unusual in her role. l!adaine Appel was 
superb in her part; she simply bewitched the audience with her charm and 
artistry. 

On the whole the play was interesting and worthwhile in every respect. 

Mr. Cohan is recommending every Jew in Chicago not to fail to see this 
extraordinary production, "The Man With the Portfolio." 



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lU :^0:,3C275 



II A 5 d (1) 



Fon'jard, Apr. 14, 1931 • 



WPA (ILL) ^RGJ. 30275 



THE IITT2LLECTIL\L JSWS 0? CHICAGO 
V/elcome Morris Schwarts V/ith Great Enthusiasm 

•' Chicago Jewish Theater lovers were in a very good mood yesterday evening 
when they gave a hearty and stormy reception to Mr. Lbrris Schwarts and his 
artistic trouT)e. 

' Schv;arts and his art company played Sholom Ash's play, "Uncle Moses." 

"Uncle Moses" is a comedy of Jev/ish life in i\merica. It is highly dramatic 
^ and exceedingly romantic. iilxGuisite folk scenes of the life of Jewish v/orkers 
are beautifully depicted by the players. 

The public has accepted this drama with much excitement. 

"Uncle Moses" will be played Saturday and Sunday. 



II A 3 d (1) JIflSH 

" ^ ^ * ^^^ WPA(iLL)PROJ. 30275 

Fonrard t Mar. 22, 1931. 

A LXZICON ABOUT THX JEWISH THEATER 

Jewish writers in Aaerica baT6 for a long time cherished the idea of coinpiliog 
a Jewish Theater Lexicon* It was felt that the Jewish actor iriio is participating 
in the creation of Jewish culture in Aperica^ should have his naae perpetuated 
in a hook in order that one might know who he was^ what he had accoiipli shedf 
what brought him to the Jewish stage and what he had contril^uted to the derelop-* 
ment of the Jewish theater in general. 

HoweTer* those who atteaipted to write the lexicon were confronted with all sorts 
of difficulties* In order to accomplish the task it is absolutely necessary for 
the writer to possess unusual energjTt patiencot and the persistence of a real 
idealist* He most haye confidence in himself and he able to perform everything 
he undertakes* Such a person is Ur* Zalman Silversweigt the author and editor 
of the Yiddish Theater Lexicon* 

Mr. SilTsrsweig worked for more than ten years on the compiling of the lexicon* 
He gathered material not only from old archives in libraries but from personal 
friends among actors and friends of actors* He traveled in almost every country 



II A 3 d (1) - 2 - JBflSH 

II B 2 d (3) 

•e. .. \n.kiy PRCJ. 30275 

Torward, Mar* 22» 1931. 

« 

of the world irtiere Jewish drafflas are played* Ererynhere he went lb*« Silver* 
zwelg gathered inforaationt not only concerning real stars but about mediocre 
actors* To hia the actors were not alone iniportant but also the iriiole structure 
of the theater* 

We snist praise hia for accoaqplishing such a remarkable piece of work* The 
first book of the lexicon has Just been released from the press* It contains 
names of actors and actresses froa A to Z* By reading the first volume one can 
readily see the iaportance of this work for those desiring to study or to get 
information on the history of the Yiddish theater^ as well as for those who 
interest themselves in the Jewish theater in general* 

Anyone who has ever written about the Jewish theater, or its actorst knows very 
well how difficult it is to gather information on this subject* We lack data 
about the Jewish theater; the information is buried in private archives where 
nobody is able to get at it^ and much inforaation is lost; there are no biblio* 
graphical notes* But this problea has finally been solved by Ur. Silversweig* 

Should one want to write a more extensive biography about Jacob Adler or Si^aund 
Uagulesco, one will find plenty of aaterial and bibliographical notes in the 



II A 3 d 
II B 2 d 






- 3 - 



JEWISH 



Terward, Mar. 23, 1931 



WrA (ILL.) PROJ. 3027b 



Jevlth Lazicon. 



la othar nation* aaeh a work is not accoapllshed by ona oaa Init by a group 9t 
man, aach a apaclallat in his field. This (work) is almost like an encyclopedia 
and it seaas well-nig^ iaipossible for one person to hare aeeoaqpli shed such an 
enormous task. 

SoBdrous items are included such ae hlstoryt drama, literature, folklore, science 
and arte We regret that this work is of inferior quality* We must not blame 
the author for not heing able to present a more perfect work. On the contrary 
we must gire him credit^ for after all he was the first one to conceire the idea 
of the lexicon and to achieye its goal* One obvious fault is the stress laid on 
dates while more important details are omitted, such as the roles played by the 
actors* 

Mr* SilTsrsweig remarks in his preface that he is not a theater critic^ that he 
only writes about the achievements of the actors but is unable to discuss the 
quality of their acting* Another error made by the author was in allotting the 
same space to noted actors and to those of minor standing* The editor of a 
lexicon must be iorpartial, but one must recognise facts and extend to the great 
actors the deserved amount of attention* 



II A 3 d (1) - 4 - JOTISH 

II B 2 d (3) 

WPA (ILL.) Pi?CJ. 30276 

Porwafd , Mar. 22, 1931. 

Tor Instance, Tery Tagaa infomation is given about Leon BlanCt who was Tsry 
well known* The lexicon only mentions where he was bom and irtien he came to 
the Uziited States^ but nothing about his contributions to the Yiddifh stage* 
The same may be said about other noted actors and actresses* such as Bina 
AbramovitZy Celia Adler* Anna Appel, Bertha Gersteut etc« The question arisest 
will readers in Surope get a clear conception of our actors in America* and 
their relative importanceT The editor should take these points into consideration 
before the last two books are published* 

A lexicon is not written in order to satisfy the public* but has a definite 
purpose -- to give facts about and praise for those irtio earned it* Ut. Silver* 
sweig has been yerj careful, in most instances, in giving dates* He gives a 
full list of plays, published and unpublished, indicating the time where and 
when each play was performed, but occasionally forgets, or perhaps neglected, 
to give the dates; which gives the impression that it is a haphazard piece of 
work. 

I am only trying to point out a few errors made by the author which could have 
been avoided very easily* I am not trying to belittle the value* Mr* Silver- 
sweig deserves mnch praise and recognitiout 



II A 3 d (1) JE7fISH 

Jewish Forward , Mar. 6, 1931* "'^^^ Ol-U PROJ. 30275 
A SEX PLAY, 7/ITH CELIA ADLSR AS LEADING LADY, DRAV/S CROWDS* 

The sex play "Should a «7oman Deceive?** made such a big hit in the Lawndale 
Theater ).ast week, that it was held over for another week*»*« 

The Lawndale Theater was crowded* No doubt CChicago Jewry was very 
eager to see a play like this for they never saw one like it* They 
have read much about sex plays performed in New York on the Jewish 
stage and even there such plays were stopped numerous times in order not 
to offend respectable citizens* 

This play is not so spicy as its name suggests* One recognizes that it 
is a very wholesome drama, and there is nothing vulgar or burlesque in 
it* The only thing that is exciting is the heroine's confiding of her 
life secrets to her best friend - about her marriage 8 years before 
and about remaining childless as a result of having too many abortions* 



II A ^ d (1) - 2 - JMISH 

Jewish Forward , tar. 6, 1931* "^^ i^'^1^') PKuj.o&^/i 

The story of this drama, written by Jacob Goldin, tells of a woman, 
happily married, but childless as the result of abortions, whose husband, 
very much in love with her, yearns for a child. She decides to go to 
Florida for a holiday, telling her husband that she is pregnant, and 
there she adopts a baby# 

Her doctor, who is in love with her, threatens to tell the truth to her 
husband unless she will yield to him. 

A year later she herself tells her husband that the baby is an adopted 
one. At the final curtain, the audience still does not know, '•Should 
A Woman Deceive?** 

•4. 

The husband and wife are still in love with one another; why then, does 
he want to leave home rather than accept the adoption of the baby? 



II A 3 d (1) - 3 - JEWISH 

Jewish Forward , Mar. 6, 1931. WPA (ILL) PROJ.3U^/o 

Why do they not discuss their problems frankly? Why was he silent all 
those years, and why did she not tell him about her wholesale abortions? 

Whan the big scandal occurs over the affair with the doctor, the husband 
accepts the adopted son as his heir* The directing by Jacob Cohen is up to 
par* 

t 

Although advertised in the newspapers as a family drama , it should be 
classified) rather, as a melodrama with surprises and miracles • The 
leading role is most exquisitely played by the well-known actress, 
Celia Adler*** The male lead is played by David Paper* He plays his 
role artistically, but somewhat too melodramatically* 

The third important role^ that of the doctor, is played by Abraham 
Teltelbaum««* 



il A 5 d (1) 



JEWISH 



'T) 



Daily Jewish Courier , Mar. 6, 1923 • 

M2DITATI0NS OF THS DAY ' 

(In jiiglish) 

Jacob Ben And, the well-knovm Yiddish and English actor, now appearing in 
a Broadway theater in ;:ew York in a German play imported here and made a 
hit with his artistic aid, is reported to be on his way to Chicago to ^ 
further the cause of a Yiddish art theater in this city. It is claimed C 
that a sum of i^l50,000 is to be pledged for that cause. .7e v/onder what 5? 
the idea is all about? Is it a New York idea, for which we are to pledge £ 
local contributions, or will this art theater represent a Chicago invest- ^ 
ment in Jewish art? If the latter, good may be expected; we v^onder where ti 
the money will come from. Je do not knov; which persons among our wealthy 
men will show this interest in art, nor do we know who the patronizers of 
good productions in Yiddish will be. Thus far, the better plays have been 
left in the cold and the Jewish audiences of Chicago have seen fit to 



II A 5 d (1) - 2 - J^^H 

Daily Jewish Courier , Mar. 6, 1923. 

patronize plays of little or positively no artistic merit. However, we 
shall await developments and pray for Ben Ami's success. Time, which has 
deceived us all so many times, may deceive us yet another time. 



r* 



c: 



c 

C- 

• — 



i 

I 

\ 

1 



"^1 J 



II A 3 d (1) jmVISH 

IV 

Daily Jewish Co\irier > Sept. 1, 1922* 

^^%E TIIEA.TER IN CKEGAGO/ 

by 

Dr. S. 1.:. IJelamed 

Chicago is lucky. The actors in all the Jewish theaters located in Jewish 
centers are on strike, and the theaters, therefore, cannot open. In Chicago 

peace reigns between the Jewish actors and the Jewish theater-ov/ners, andf '^ 

therefore, the Jev/ish theater will open its doors to the public, v/hereas the ^ 

Jev/ish theaters in New York are temporarily closed. Llp. Elias Glicknian, -p 

the ovmer of the largest Jev/ish theater in Chicago, is, of course, happy o 

about the situation and laughs at the theater managers in New York. Had V^ 

they adopted his policy, perhaps they too would be able to open the doors § 
of their theaters today. 

The Jewish theater of Chicago is also lucky in having obtained the services 
of a truly great artist — Joseph Shengold. His technique is varied; at one 



CTf 



II A 3 d (1) - 2 - JEWISH 

IV 

Daily Je7/ish Courier , Sept. 1, 1922. 

moment, he makes one shudder — at another, one's so\il is frightened and one 
sees ghosts whispering. 

It is difficult to characterize the art of Joseph Shengold because it is 

many-sided. I have seen him in difficult tragic roles v;hich made me cry. -^ 

I have seen him in very funny rolas and I nearly burst with laughter. I •] 

have seen him play dramatic and melodramatic roles v/ith the skill of a *^ 

master. ^ 

Mr. Shengold can also sing. He sings Jev/ish melodies as powerfully and o 

sweetly as— what shall I say — as my friend Manewich. It is a pleasure to 

hear him play and sing, I am sixre that Chicago will enjoy him. fo 



I do not knov/ v/hether he will enjoy Chicago. That depends upon you. If 
you believe that it is better to go to the Jewish theater to hear a Jewish 
word, see Jewish acting, listen to a Jewish song than to sit home and play 



v.— 

CD 



II A 5 d (1) - s - JK:aSE 

Dally Jev/lsh Courier ^ Sept. 1, 1922. 

poker — then he will surely enjoy Chicago. Otherv/ise, he will curse the 
day he came to Chicaco. 



O 



" 1 



JBWISH 
II A 3 d (1) 

• , ^^^^ Oil) PROJ. 30275 

Jorward. May l6, 1922. ^^^ 

Palace Iheatra 

The first time in 12 years In Chicago* 

Budolph Scbildkraat will play seTen performances onlyi 

7rlday» Saturday and Sunday Night 

Saturday—and*- Sonday Matinee 

Ikele Magjk 

Monday Vightl Schildkraat as Tankel SabsoTits 

In 
Gfod of Herenge 

Tuesday Night I farewell Performance 
Schildkraut as Shylock 



.<• 



J 



II A 3 d (1 ) JEWISH 

V B 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30276 

roiwrd, April ?Z, 192r2. 

The Historj^ of the Jev/ish Theater in Ohicego, "by Yonah Spivak, 

The Jewish theater of Chicaii^o is ss old as the Jewish mi^rration from eastern 
Euroi^ean countries to this city. It has developed on the sanie "basis as the 
Jewish theater of IJew York, The Jewish theater of Chicago also hrd a pre- 
historic period leaving no posters or evidence of it. 

The old Jewish inhabitants of Chicago tell us that in 13^2 the Jewish theater 
occupied a "proninent" place in Jewish life, - in a garret of the Turner Ea,ll 
on DeVroven street neax Canal. At that time, all the Jewish stores, shops, 
Heorew schools raid synagog^ies were centered in that neighhorhood. The Turner 
Hall had catered mostly to weddings and dances and whenever it was vacant, 
the Jewish actors of that time took advantage of the opportunity and rented 
it for a performance. The manager of that company v-as I'r, G-oluhak. . Mr, G-olu- 
"bak's company consisted of men only, "because women, of that time, did not 
have aaiy access to the Jewish stage. 



Page 2 

II A 3 d (1 ) 
V B 



JE7vISH 



V^?A (ILL.) PROJ^ 3Q275 



Forward, April 23, 1922. 



Although this was only a prel-:de to the real perforrriance , '^.'hen^ in DecernlDer 
13S5» the curtain rose in Turner Hall "before a large audience of Jews, Soris 
Thomashef S'^^, who came from Hew Yorl^ with the repute of a great actor, 
appeared. Boris Thom?,shef S'<y was then -nanaged hy L. and Hyman Ruhenstein. 
The plays, Rothchild's Eio^:raphy written oy Thornashef sity' s father, The Orphan 
In Peril , that was pcrfor^-ned ''oy the actor Pwudolph l!arks (who is nov' a promi- 
nent law;:,'er in Philadelphia) and the Pintele Yid hy Croldfodem, were drama- 
tized. 

But the German proprietor of the Turner Hall "became ohstin^r.te after the first 
five performences and did not rent his nlace for Jewish theaters any more, 
'bec?:^use of the Jews wai^ting to enter the hall "before the janitor opened the 
doors. ; 



With this, we close the first chapter of t?xe Jewish "garret-art" in Chicago. 



Page 3 

II A 3 d (1 ) 

V B 



JEV.'I SH 



Forwrd, April 23, 19-22. 



WPA (ILL.) PROJ 30275 



Later JacoL Adler ca^e to ChSca^^o from London, v-ith his compfjay, consisting 
of Madame Kenny Liptzin and her hushand, LIr, G-old, Mr, ShaH'Cman and Mr, Han- 
nah, who is now practicing law in Chic^co• i'lr. Adler was financed hy a Chicago 
Jev na^:ed Drazdowitz and the first rjerforrnance was fciven at "Sam T, Jack's 
Opera Honse" "between Dearborn and State streets. 

Under Aller's regime a new chapter of Je^-ish a.rt he-^an in Chicaj-^o, Jack's Opera- 
House adopted the name of. Adlers Ooera TTcuse. But after the first nerforn^^rice 
which ^^as a great success, Madam6 Liptzin departed from Adler as a result of 
a quarrel arid v^ppeared under the new management of Attorney Joseph Epstein, at .. 
the 12th Street Theater, . • 



The baftle "between the two stars caused a crtastrophe and the competition ruined 
"both theaters financially, Adler paid little attention to his financia.1 condi- 
tion and introduced as his leading^ la(^^ his wife Dinah, In a short ti-ne, his 
"biisiness dissolved and he went t^ ITew York and from there hack to London. 



Page k 

II A 3 d (1 ) 
V B 



JEWISH 



Vv?A (ILL.) PRO 1. 30275 

Fon^arc> April 23, 1522. 



In ISSU he returned to Chicaijro, where he united with Boris Thomrshef s'g^. In the 
month of Au2:u.st of that year they played at the Standard Theater, Ralsted and 
ffackson Blvd., together with L'p.daTne Sonya H^Tiovdtz, Bessie Thonf^^shef s^q^, Madame 
Epstein, P. G-lil^on, 11. H. Tiplit^lcy, H. Harher, H. Shanlonan and several others. 

Hyrnan Ruhenstien named the Standard Theater, "Adler's Opera ^ouse." The huild- 
in^^ ras, rerhsps, constructed in the covered ^."rgon days, ?.'hen the pioneers of 
Chicago entered it v:ith guns in order to protect themselves from the Indians. 
It was dilapidated, aJid its interior w^s particularly/ neglected. 

Boris Thomashef slcy and Adler were very husy preparing: for the opening perform- 
ance. They decided to paint the chairs themselves. Madame Thomashef sl<:j^ oought 
the paint on }.!a.xvrell street ar.d they proceeded the process of painting the 
chairs. Large throngs flocked to the theater that evening, filling the house 
to the corridors. The curtain rose rrnci the first act "began. Suddenly a ^oman 
of the audience, attired in ^hite, yelled out "\^T PAIj^T." Similar remarks hy 
the attendants were soon hea.rd. This was the climate of the m.elodramr., erxd when 



Page 5 

II A 3 d (1 ) 

Y B 



JEWI SH 



Forward, April 23, 1522. WPA (ILL) PROJ, 30275 



the curtain fell, in the midst of the first act, snarchy prevailed and the 
police rere compelled to si^^^cnBl a "riot nail," in fear of a tragic "wind-up." 

The Jev^'s of Chicago "boycotted their remeining performances and in a short t.in^e 
the existence of "Adler's Opera House" ceased. 

The Lyceum Theater, Desplaines end Madison, opened under the mana.gement of 
Glickman, on Fehruar^r 3, I9OI, ps a permanent Je^'^'ish theater, with the following 
stars: Alice Rothstein, Madame Jsiin:,'' Reinha.rdt, Mr. Schneir, Mr. and Mrs. Praaik, 
Mr. and Mrs. Morganhesser, Mr. Goldherg, Mr. Teplitz^^/, Mr. David Shoenholtz, 
Mr. Michowitz and Miss Sva Katz: Later rere added to the theater: Mr. ajid 
Mrs. Simon, Mr. Oinzherg, Madame Danceman, Mrs. Lowitz, Mr. and Mrs. Shapiro 
and Mr. Hoch stein. 

At the first performance, Gliclcaan* s Lyceum Theater proved to "be very successful. 
All cla^sses in the Jervish population hecame interested in Jewish plays. G-liclcmaji's 



Page 6 

II A 3 d (1 ; 
V B 



Jsv;iSE 



Porwar^. April 23. 1922. WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 



Lyceum Theater "blossorped for three consecutive years. After tha-t it terminated 
as a result of new fire ordinfinces vrhich "became effective. 

In May 1903f ^■^^« Adolph G-^rtner c?me to Chicago, as a mem'ber of the G-eriTian 
Opera. Company. He immediately turned to Pinchas Thomashef s'c;)'' who was director 
of a trou-oe at the 12th Street Theater. Mr. G-artner's audition met with Thomas- 
hefs^<j^'s approve! ajid Gartner was placed in the pl?y The Son of a Baron . The 
company'' refused to play v^ith him "because he v-^^s not a union ^nan. Th.omashef s'^^ 
and the union actors carried on a -rreat fight, and finally the actors returiied 
to the theaLter, Upon approaching the theater which was loc'red, they viewed a 
si£;:n (vritten "by Thomashef sly) reading, "Tonight will "be Dlayed 'Tlie Closed The- 
ater' in 5 acts, with a cast of lU hungry actors," 

Then Gartner took over the mana^^ement of t?ie Apollo Theater, at 12th ajid Blue 
Island Ave., and united with the "striking" actors, who played on a percentaf^e 
"basis. 

A few years later severa.l small cornp^riles "be^f^an playing at the Pavilion Theater 



Page 7 

II A 3 d (1 ) JS^ISH 

V B 

Forward . April 21. 15^2. WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

on Roosevelt Road near Kalsted street. This theater Wc?s for several years, 
under the management of !-luni Weisenfreiind (no^^- Paul Wuni) and in this theater 
the great talent of Kluni was first exr^osed. G-artner/ at that time, managed 
a. Jewish theater, the lletronolitPn, snd when Weisenfreund left, eight years 
later, he too': over the managenient of the Pavilion Thea,ter. Then the Jev:s 
began entering the Lavndale district, poid he opened the Inde-cendence Theater, 
Independence and Roosevelt Eoed. 

The opening of the Palace Theater, Blue Island and 12th street, crea,ted a 
new epoch in the history of Jewish theater, althou;-;h it did not meet v/ith 
great success at fir-st. At that time I'r. Pollay or)ened the Empire Theater 
under his management. Ke directed it for two seasons with great a.ctors, hut 
met with no success and v/as forced to close. 

Then, Bernard Beinstein, well known comedian, attempted to establish a second 
Jewish theater on Madison street and Western avenixe , the Imperial, but was 



Pa,T:e S 



II A 3 d ( 1) 



JEWI SE 



^ = Poniard . April 23. 19?2. VVFA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

not successful enl the theater was closed in the middle of the season. 

Thus, the Palace Theater again reniains alone on the Jewish theatrical field 
in Chicago. 



JEWISH 



II A 3 d (1) 
17 

Dally Jewish Courier, Jan. 26, 1922. 

2^0L0M ASCH^S •'TEE DEAD MAN"~A LITERARY PLA^ 

by 
Dr. S. 31. Melamed 

Hare you ever heard a dead man speak, speak about everything, business , war, 
love, and even about the other world? If you have never heard a dead man 
speak and you want to witness such a miracle, you now have the opportunity. 
This opportunity Is given to you at the Palace Theater, where they are pre^ 
sentlng Sholom Asoh^s newest plax* **The Dead Han**. ^ 



Since the friends of "^literature** are always complaining that they get too 
little **llterature** and too much melodrama, Ur. ^llasTGllokman decided to 
play a trlok on th€m; he would give them an opport\mlty to see a **llterary** 
play, and not Just any literary play, but Sholom Asch^s **The Dead Man**. 
The author himself says that it, ^The Dead 'Mn , ** will usher in a new period 
in the Jewish drama and in the Jewish theater-^and when a merchant says that 



-o 



CO 

en 



n A 3 d (1 ) - 2 - JEWLSH 

IV 

Dally Jewish Courier , Jan* 26, 1922. 

his merchandise is good, it certainly inust be good. 

Anyway, Mr. Ellas Gllcknan has a sense of humor — otherwise he would not hare 
presented this very •'literary'^ play in his theater. Well, boys, you wanted 
literature — here you have literature, a work by a great Jewish writer — and ^ 
much good will it do you. ^ 

"The Dead Man** is a ••literary'* play written by Sholom Asch. A play~whether w 
literary or z]ot— should have action and the hero of this play is a corpse* ^ 
A corpse can do only one thing: lie in the grave* Now, Imagine, vdiat can 
a corpse do on a stage? Anybody can play the role of a corpse. You just 
lie down on the floor, they cover you with a black clot)i — and you lie 
quietly* You do not cough, you do not moan, and you are considered dead* 
But frtien a dead man talks, walks, moves around, dreams, together with a 
living girl, about love~it indicates that the author did not know how to make 
reed people say the same things* A writer who knows how to create living 



o 

CO 
CJ1 



H A 3 d (1) - 3 - JEWISH 

IV 

Dally Jeirlsh Coarler, Jan« 26, 1922* 

human beings^ does not have to dig oorpses out of grsYea. 

A writer who has dug out a corpse and put him on the stage, should not hare 

made him wear a soldier* s uniform* If the corpse wears a soldier* s uniform, ^ 

he should not talk like a hoarse corpse but like a soldier. •« .well, like a ^ 

dead soldier. You know how a dead soldier speaks? It doesn*t make any p 

difference how he speaks or what he says — it will be correct and natural. ^ 

Ur* Teitelbaom, who played the role of a dead man, played it correctly and ^ 

naturally, and if he had plajred it in a melodramatic style, like Leon Blank, ^- 

it still would have been natural and correct— *can you proTB it wrong? ^ 



The only good things about Sholom Asoh*s **The Dead Uan^ are the music and 
the scenery. But the music does not fit the play and the scenery fits 
neither the play nor the music. Otherwise, everything is fine: a dead play, 
a dead man, ancient dead ideas, dead dialogue... .how can dead people speak 
living dialogue? 



"—a 



H A 3 d (1) - 4 - JEWISH 

17 

Dally Jewish Courier^ Jan* 26, 1922. 

Sholom Aseh deserres a banciuet fbr having wirltten a three^act play; *'!I3i6 
Dead Man** doesn^t have a fourth act. If there had been a fourth act, the 
audience, too, would have died and then we would have had a dead theater 
and the undertakers would have had a good time. It Is a pity they did not 
perform an autopsy upon the **dead man** before they dragged him out of the 
grave onto the stage— they would not have been able to resurrect him and 
the dead man would not have spoken to us. 

My friend Glickman ?anted to square accounts with the lltei^ature-hungry 
theatergoers, and, upon my word, he has succeeded admirably. Here Is 
literature for you and do not pester me. 

Now, having witnessed this •'literary'' play, I must ask Zolotarevsky to par- 
don me. Zolotarevsky, you are a second Shakespeare and I am going to see 
your "The Price Of A Divorce". 



Ca3 

en 



1 



II A 3 d (1) JEWISH 

lY Dally Jewish Courier, Jan^ 25, 1922. WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

TBE GALICIA1I-X2i^/I3H PEAUDT VEIIDCR AND 
SHOLOM i^CH»S "1113 DEAD IIAIT** 

by 
Shneur Zalman 

As you know from my previous articles^ our friend Ezer Gedallah, the 
Gollclan-Jewish peanut vendor, is a devotee of the Jewish theater^ 
There is no good play in the repertory of the Jewish theater that he 
has not read and there is no good Jewish actor whom he has not seen* 
You, therefore, can imagine how greatly disappointed he was when he 
could not attend the performance of Sholom Asch*s macabre drama, "The 
Dead L3an,** infcich was presented last Monday night, at the Palace Theater, 
by the Dramatic Club, under the direction of Abraham Teitelbaum# Late 
Monday night, our friend Ezer Gedaliah went to the literary Klbltzamla 
^Translator's note: Coined term to indicate gathering place of kibitzers/^* 
There he heard diverse criticisms about the play, the players, the author. 



II A 5 d (1) - 2 - JSVaSH 

I C WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 

17 Daily Jewish Courler t Jan^ 25, 1922. 

and eveiything else« 

I hope that my one hundred thousand Jewish readers v/ill not mind hearing 
'^What the people say"» \/e can learn a great deal more from the opinion 
of many people than from the opinion of one critic # 

Out Ezer Gedaliah visited each table in the Kibitzarnia, questioned every- 
one \fdio was sitting at the tables and listened to their comments^ At the 
same time, he was doing a good business selling nuts (at five cents a small 
glass). Late at night he went away, a satisfied man. 

Yesterday, early in the morning, o\ir Ezer Gedaliah came into the editorial 
office, put down his basket of nuts in a corner, sat down at my desk, pulled 
a bunch of small pieces of paper out of his pocket, and said: ^^ISr. Shneur 
Zalman, please print these notes in the same order they are arranged here* 
Here are jPavorable and unfavorable reactions to 'The Dead Man,* The Dramatic 



II A 3 d (1) - 3 - JSTISH 

I C 

lY Daily Jewish Courier > Jan* 25, 1922» 

Club, and Sholom Asch* The opinions are of Interest — more or less. Eere 
they are: 

" 'The ?diole play Is a piece of insolence and the acting is idiotic* The 
play has no plot, no movement; it is a piece of lyric poetry, but in spite 
of that, it makes one yawn* Most of the players in "The Dead l^n" act as 
if they were made of wood; they aren't even able to tell a stoiy* The 
decorations and music are 0. K# but they are unnecessary, just as the dead 
body is superfluous* 

" 'The play should have had four more months of rehearsals* • 

" *The play is very ^veak as a drama; it would have been better as a comedy** 

" • Shakespeare presents a dead person for a moment only, but a Jew has to 
exaggerate*' 



ft f 



The decorations are v/onderful, the music is v/onderful, but the play is 



II A 5 d (1) - 4 - Ji^'/iaH 

IC WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

IV Daily Jev/lsh Courier , Jan. 25, 1922* 

no good and tHe acting is no good.' 

" 'The play makes good reading for one who has time and is interested in 
spiritualism and poetry** 



tf t 



Beautiful nonsense* • 



" *A poetic, spiritualistic bore in three acts plus*' ^^^anslator's note: 
It is not clear to me what that meansjj7 

^ 'I did not see the play and I do not want to see it* If you know a 
foreign language, you do not have to attend the Jewish theater* Most of 
the plays have been taken over, adopted, translated and patched up from 
other languages. • 

" 'I have never experienced the feelings of a dead person and that is why 
I do not know about ^The Dead Man^* I do not trust even ny own count r^/man 



II A 5 d (1) - 5 - JEl?ISH 

I C WPA (ILL) PRO J. 30275 

IV Daily Jewish Courier, Jen. 25, 1922» 

Przybyazewski /in this mattej^ because he hasn't died yet«* ^^anslator's 
note: Przyebyszewski is a Polish writer^/ 

" 'The play is a remarkable piece of art« One has to be an aesthete to 
appreciate it« The masses are more cultured than the intelligentsia; 
they do not believe in death* • 

•• ' 'I like the play and I would like to see it performed by actors, not by 
amateurs, or worse than that** 

** 'Let me tell you, it is not bad^* 

" 'A symbolic play# A man arrives from the other world and declaimis poetry** 

" *It is a pity they did not perform an autopsy upon the dead body; then he 
coTild not have been resurrected and we would not have had to see hizn.. • 



II A 5 d (1) - 6 - JEiniSH 

I c \NPf^ (ILL '^ PRO I '^n?7R 

IV Daily Jewish Courier. Jan. 25, 1922. ^ '^ ^J ou^/o 

^ •The play reads is/ell; it is quite possible that it would have been a 
real failure, if good actors had performed in it.* 

^ 'The decorations by Ostrowski are excellent, but the uncultured masses 
say that the decorations for last yearns play, "The Rabbi's Daughters,** 
were much more beautiful and reailistic* 

^ •Teitelbaum in '^The Dead Man" proved that he was an actor in the full 
meaning of the word, but he did not have a good supporting cast* Some 
fans of the Dramatic Club claim that if Ben Ami had played the role of 
the dead man, he \«)uld have been the right person for the right role#* 

" • There is only one man who could have played Teitelhaxm's role and that 
is the "dead" Eaner whom Goulash, with a long knife in his hand, had chased 
down Grand Street, in an attempt to stab Kaner. Kaner had said that Adler 
was a bluffer and not an actor* Unfortunately, Eaner doesn't have a 
soldier's uniform, and is a minor poet*' 



II A 5 d (1) - 7 - JEliTISH 

I C WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

IV Daily Jewish Courier^ Jan. 25, 1922. 

^ ♦The only talented member of the Dramatic Club is ^^rris/^ Mason* He 
plays the part of "Chonon" with discrimination* His intonation, diction, 
and language are good* He does not permit himself to be bluffed by a 
dead person. He wants, he says, to begin life anew* May he live one 
hundred and twenty years and play the part of "living" characters* • 

" 'There was only one man who did not play his part correctly* That was 
the gravedigger who did not bury the corpse in "the icysterious wonderland" 
where the people have the patience to watch a macabre drama on an enpty 
stomach* • 

" 'One good thing can be said about the members of the Dramatic Club; they 
knew all the lines of the play by heart.* 

" *The mob scene was good* Proof of this was the fact that the audience 
laughed at the most tragic moments* • 



- 8 - JBIVISH 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 
Dally Jewish Courier > Jan« 25, 1922. 



II A 3 d (1) - 8 - masE 

I c 

IV 



" 'I saw only the first act and I do not want to see the other acts be- 
cause I am a living business man and dead people do not eat nuts.* 

^ 'I shrugged my shoulders, may v/e all know v;hat misery is if v.^ know 
whether Asch, himself, knows what he has written** 

" 'One thing is sure* "The Dead Man" will not be translated into a for- 
eign languai^e* It is not a "God of Vengeance" and the Gentiles cannot 
be shown, through /the dialogue of7 ^ ^®^^ person the kind of brothels 
that Jews naintain. The Gentiles have plenty of spiritualist literature, 
and it is we vftio borrow from thenu* 

" »In "The Dead Man," Sholom Asch has shown that he is a great poet and 
a keen observer of Jewish misery; he has shown that he is a Jew who can 
become enthusiastic about everything* He is the greatest word-artist in 
Jewish literature t Every artistic spark in our melancholy Jewish life is 



17 Daily Jewish Courier , Jan* 25, 1922* 

dear and important to him.* 

^ 'The Jewish public can get along very well without Asch, without his 
plays, and without the Dramatic Clubs •• 

^ *Mm.* ••Write literature for them, act naturally •••••They should live so 
if they understand what is being written for them or xvhy it is being played 
for them#» 

" *A renarkable theatrical work and remarkable acting— nothing like it has 
ever been seen in the Jewish theater^' 

" •It is nauseating^* 

" *I cannot critize Teitelbaum because I have never seen a soldier-corpse 
walking among the living and advising them how to live** 



II A 3 d (1) - 10 - JBWISH 

Tc \NPA (ILL.) PH'-'^ 30275 

lY Daily Jewish Coxirier , Jan. 25, 1922. 

^ 'The Dramatic Club members are ambitious boys, with a desire for some- 
thing more beautiful, \vith a better understanding of life, with an enter- 
prising spirits Ifow they are going to show what they can do. Not only 
one dead man, but an entire cemetery will act for them.* 

" •The Hasidim ball that they gave was a farce* They attracted a crowd, 
begged three thousand dollars out of it, and ^ve nothing in return. 
Thanks to the financial success of the Hasidim ball, we now have dead 
people on the stage to teach the public how to live, instead of how to 
die— even vjood alcohol can cause death* • 

" •DonH people go to the theatre? WasnH the theatre crowded last Monday?* 

" 'For weeks, larger crowds than that ^t Lbnday night's performance of "The 
Dead Ilian^ came to see "Shmendrik," but, just the same, "Shmendrik" has 
not finished its run, just as "The Dead Man" will do soon.* 



TT A S rl n^ - 11 - 3EV/ISH 

f C ^ WPAOLLTWOJ. 30275 

17 Dally Jewish Courier > Jan. 25, 1922» 

w «The ia>b is a fool* It becomes enthusiastic quickly and it cools off 
quickly* ^Vhatever you may say about "The Dead llan," one thing is sure; 
the public that has seen it did not show any enthusiasm for it* The 
cold, scattered applause after the second act proved this*' 

" 'Those v/ho are God-anointed poets, are never understood* ♦ 

" 'A good play, but one cannot make a living out of it*' 

" »We are subject to the laws of the world we live in* If the people de- 
mand trash, v/e have to give it to them*' 

" 'The genius of a woman is in her heart, and the genius of Jewish litera- 
ture is in Sholom Asch* ' 

" 'The truth that a person does not understand is considered by him to be 



II A 5 d (1) - 12 - J^'^^SH 

I C WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

17 Daily J6V7l3h Courier > Jan* 25, 1922* 

a fallacy* Those who have something against Sholon Asch do not under- 
stand him, and his art is meaningless to them*' 

^ 'I received a free pass to see the show, and, therefore, I would 
rather not express my honest opinion* • 

w 'Never mind, I wish there were more plays like it, and more players 
whose purpose was much finer than that of politicians and beggars** 

^ 'Anyway, it is much better to spend an evening among the Dramatic Club 
members than to wander around with a Galician Jew, and to make fun of 
everything and everybody*' 

^ 'I would rather read one phrase by Sholom Asch than ten newspaper articles*' 
" 'The innocent laughter of a child is a thousand times sweeter and more 



II A 5 d (1) - 13 - JSaiSE 

To WPA (ILT3TRm- 30275 

IV Dally Jewish Courier , Jan. 25, 1922* 

bewitching than the politeness of a prince; and plain jokes told matter-of- 
factly, without any fuss, and love songs are more pleasing and more excit- 
ing than the (not to be compared) plays of some writers whose names I 
will not mention because the playwri^ts* union might excommunicate me»' 

" *One doesn't get excited about plays that have been written mechanical- 
ly, and presented mechanically; one considers them judiciously, spits 
three times, and goes home«* 

" ♦Similar works are found anong those of Przybyszewski and other artists; 
the dialogue of the dead soldier reminds one of Gtorky's "Once More About 
The Devil"** 

" 'Przybyszewski, Gorky, and the others can learn a great deal from Asch#* 

" 'If they have nothing to eat.«««' 



H A 5 d (1) - 14 - JEWISH 

I C 

IV Daily Jewish Courier. Jan* 25, 1922* WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 

^ »Sholom Asch likes to be flattered* • 

" 'Oh, DO* He is a very laodest man*' 

" •Let him remain a modest man, but he should not write any lODre ^lays 
likgT' "The Dead Man;** it is better to write about live thieves like Motke# 
You understand? • 

•*That is all* No more opinions*" 

As you see, my one hundred thousand Jewish readers, you have here various 
opinions about "The Dead Han," the Dramatic Club and Sholom Asch; favorable 
and unfavorable opinions* I have printed them here exactly as they were 
expressed at the literary Kibitzamia* I am sure that those people whose 
opinions were wrong, will not be angry with me, and those people whose 
opinions were right, will not arrange a banquet v;ith speeches for me, or 
present me with a bouquet of f lowers^ 



II A 5 d (1) - 15 - 3S\7ISH 

IC WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

17 Daily Jewish Courier . Jan. 25, 19E2. ""^^ ^ ' 

May we all live in a better world and among better people tlian we live 
in now — in a world of truth, justice and harmony. This wish is extended 
to you by my friend, your friend, and everj-^body * s friend. 



II A 3 d (1 ) 
II A 2 



JEWISH 



Dally Jevish Courier . Jan, 19, 1922 

THEATiSR AND ART 



The closing of BernstelnU Imperial Theater last Friday was not entirely im- 

expected. This year, the Jewish theater business In Chicago, as Is true all :^ 

oyer America, has not heen particularly good, because of the general economic S 

crisis. Mr. Bernstein has Increased the budget of the Jewish theatre to such -rr^ 

an extent that the additional expenses cannot be met because of the competlon r; 

preyalllng among the theaters. He has strained all his resources to maintain -xd 

this very expensive Institution, but, unfortunately, he lacks the j|[necessaT^ o 

means. He proposed to the actors that they continue the season on a co-opera«* ^o 

tlve basis, and offered his services, without pay, so that the eventual profit ^ 

would belong entirely to the actors* The delegate of the Jewish actor's union, c^ 
B» Quskln, could not accept this proposition because the *' co-operative principle, ** 
In theater enterprises. Is contrary to the rules of the union. The Imperial 
Theater %ias then closed, and many of the scheduled benefit performances were 



II A 3 d (1) • 2 - JEWISH 

II A 2 
^ Daily Jewish Courier . Jan. 19^ 1922» 

transferred to Olickman's Palace Theaten /Translator's note: Ihe rest of the 
article was not translated because the subject matter does not fall within 
the scope of this proiectjj 



TO 
O 

Co 

ro 

CJ1 



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II A -S d (1) 

I X -. 



JEWISH • 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 






ChleagQ Torward Dee. 17. 1921 



•*. ■ 









A night of art the Palace Theatre Monday night* Strindberg's famous play 
The gather with the talented artist A* Teitelhanm in the leading role. 



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Chicago's intelligentsia will be at the Palace to enjoys an evening of art 
and pleasure. The entire income goes to the Jewish Socialist Movement* 






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Pcnmrd, llovem'ber 3f 1921- 

David Piijsky in Ollckman's ^ 
Palace Theatre 

Extra Great Literary Art Presentation 

Anshel Schnus will present - 

David Pinsky^s Masterpiece 

Each ffith His God 

,7lth Dora ITeissnan & Coaipaa;/. 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 






.. This is the first of a series of literary presentr-'.tione which 
will "be played vin Glickman^s Palace Theatre* 



!*.'.■ 






(Adv. ) 



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'■'*s^ 









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■ Forward, iJoveinT:)er 3f 1921. 
Gli demands Palace ITheatre 

Second Week; 

Dora Weissmarx 
in 

For Her Children 

By Zotarovskj'" 

(Adv.) ' ' 



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II A 3 cL (1) 



Forrard , Novfeinber 1, 1521# 

Gliclcnaii^s Palace Iheatre 
Tonii^ht i 



t/Ht 






^^p^m-}PRQi3m 



Dora Welssmaii 
in 

Resrectable People 

(Common Clay) 

Tomorrow night, llcveniber 2; A "benefit for the ChiCc-^^o Ladies • 
Gemlllath Hesed Societyi 

The Young Bride 



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(Adv. ) 



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II A 3 cL (1) 






forward , Novem'ber 1, 1921. 

Bernsteiii's Imperial Theatre 
V Tuesday, November 1 

Malvina Latel in 

The Yeshiva Student 



TTednesday evening, l^ovemher 3« 



/ 



Stron/ter Than Love 



/ -.A 



^ w ^ 



;". ■ x "f 



Friday, Saturday and Sunday 
Matinee and Evening 

T he Disturbed Widoi? 
3y K, Eokoff 

(Adv.) 



JizrasH 



"'' "^W P«o;. 302;, 



Thursday, November U: 
Tsipke, the tlTidow 






-w . . «t 



JEWISH 
II A 3 d (1) 

I^WABD. September 28, 1921. WPA (ILL) PROj. 3027,^ 

Palace Theatre - The Home of Jewish Theatre in Chicago 
Elli8 ?• Glickmaa presents; 
Dora Weisman 
with a first-class company of artists, in honor of New Years - for the first time 

in Chicago. 

A Sister ^ s Sacr ifice - "by Anshel Shorr 

Music by Joseph Eumshinski; arranged ty the author. 

Anshel Shorr - Stage Director 

x 

Uonday and Tuesday Friday Night Saturday snd Sunday 

Matinee and Kight Matinee and Night 



5> 



II A 5 d (1) j2:;iSH 

Daily Jev/ish Courier, Sept* .^2, 1921. 

OUR TfiiiiATRIG/iL SEASON 

(Editorial in English) 

The patronizers of the Yiddish theater nay be prepared for many siirprises the 
coming season. The Yiddish theater in Nev; York as well as in Philadelphia and 
Chicago, has made rapid strides during', the last year, and has become a great 
Jev/ish institution. There are tv/elve permanent Yiddish theaters in New York, 
besides there are tv;o Yiddish vaudeville houses, alv/ays playing to capacity 
houses. There are in Chicago now three Yiddish theaters. Even St. Louis has g 
now a permanent Yiddish theater of its own. All told there are at least tv/enty ^ 
Yiddish theaters in the United States. All these Yiddish theaters are headed ^ 
by men and v;omen v/ho knov; the business, and who are devoting all their time and 5^ 
energy to the development of the Yiddish stage. Recently a fev/ New York Yiddish 
irapressarios have imported nev; stars from Europe, and have thus enriched con- 
siderably the artistic staff of the Yiddish theaters. There is a tendency in 
Jewish theatrical circles in New York to bring over from Europe the great Jev/ish 



■^ 



II A 5 d (1) 



<> 



Jljij JSH 



Dally Jev;ish Courier , Sept. 22, 1921 • 



actors of the German stage and to en^af^e them for the Yiddish stage in America. 
Needless to say the Yiddish theaters v/ill only gain in prestige and reputation 
from the co-operation of the great German Jev;ish artists. The greatest Yiddish 
tragedians living, IJadame Bertha Kalish, v/ho is said to be one of the greatest 
seven actresses of our time, has also returned to the Yiddish stage after an ^ 
absence of several years. The many nev/comers and those v/ho have returned to ^ 
the Yiddish stage, v/ill certainly contribute to raise the artistic level of the r.. 
Yiddish theater, and will make it vjorth v/hile, even for non-Yiddish speaking Jews ^^ 
to patronize the Yiddish theater. • '^^ 



CO 



The Yiddish thertergoing public in Chicago v/ill also be satisfied to learn that ;^ 
the managers of the tv/o principal houses in Chicago Lj:. Bernstein and llr. Glick- g 
man, have done their very best to secure for their houses good casts, and a stock -3^ 
of good plays to be produced here during the coming season. Llr. Bernstein v/ho is 
himself one of the most famous comedians on the Yiddish stage, has secured the 
service of the v;ell-knov/n tragedienne, Lladaiae Lelvina Lobel, and of l!iss ITellie 
Kessman, a comedienne full of vivacity and gracefulness. Llr. Gliclarian has brought 



II A 5 d (1) -5- JEl/ISH 

Daily Jev/ish Courier , Sept. 32, 1921. 

v;ith him from Nev/ York an all-star cast, including Lliss Dora V/eissiaan, an able 

and versatile actress, v;ho has often taken audiencies by storm, Llr. Isadore 

lleltzer, an eminent comedian, Ljr. David Popper, and Llr. and i.Ji's. Teitlbaum, and 

many others. For the first time in the history of the Chicago Jewish theater 

v/e v/ill have here tv/o great houses, vying v;ith one another in the production 

of good plays and in good acting. This //ill only serve to attract the Jewish ^ 

theater-goers and to make them patronize more the Yiddish theater* ^ 

r- 

r— 

Needless to say that a good Yiddish theater is a great asset to every Jewish com- ^ 
munity, because the Yiddish theater is not only a temple of art, but is also a g 
valuable social factor in the community. i:any Jev/ish organizations live and 
thrive because the Jev/ish theater enables then to be financially independent 
and to continue their activities. The Yiddish theater is instrumental in securing : 
tens of thousands of dollars for Jev;ish charitable and philanthropic purposes, 
and therefore it is a blessing to the comiTiunity. The better equipped a Yiddish 
theater is, the better a social philanthropic agency it is, and therefore the 
development of the Yiddish theater must be looked upon v.lth satisfaction by all 
those who take an interest in Je\;ish life. 



CO 



II A 3 d (1) - 4 - J57/ISH 

Daily Jev/ish Courier , Sept. 22, 1921. 

There are said to be some ten million Germans in i\irierica. There is not one 
independent German theater in the United States, There are only three million 
Jevjs in America, and there are tv;enty inde;-!endent Yiddish theaters in the 
United States. This is very characteristic of the tendency of our people, and 
it r^oes to indicate that v;e clinr; to our institutions. 

Vfe hope th5it our Yiddish theatergoers in Chicar:o will patronize the Yiddish 
theaters, and that the latter v;ill do their very best tc satisfy the public, 
and to marce it consider the Yiddish theater a c^^eat American Jeivish institution. 









II A 5 d (1) 



JEvVISH 



F orviard, Sept> 14, 11^21* '-^^^^•^ C^il.) PRHi 'j()'/j$^ 

^LIALVINA LC-BEL /tPPEAHIIIG AT T^milOaJ/ 

Imperial Theatre, i.iadison near ;/estern Ave. lielceiae cur guest the well- 
>jao"VYii Jewish artist, !.:iae. :..6lvina Lobel, whc v/ill play the v;hcle season 
at the Imperial • 

Frido.y night— Saturday end Sunday matinee and night — Stronger Thoji Love — by 
Kalsicjiovitz. 

Arranged by sto.ge director, Zigmund ".leintre-ub. 



'■^-^- 






X' 



;j: ji A3 d (1) 









Ponv&rd , Au^ast 26, 1921 • 

Bernstein^s Iji5>erial ^Theatre 

Grand Opening - September 1 

Joseph Sumishinsky's i/hisicai Comecy 

Get tlarrled 

Produced By Our Artist 
Herr Si.^:mund Weintraut 



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risH 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. ZOm 



w^- 



Pollowime is our Castr 
iTellie Cascr.fUi 



Ida Dvorka 



Bernard Bernstein 
Signrand •'•eintrau'b 



Uollie Cohen Louis Baliskitzki 
Ume. Sheingold Shlono Steinterg 






I i i' ' •.■> - 



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Page 2. 


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rorward, Ai:;guet 26, 1321. 



Our Musical Director; Mr. David Hirsh 
Tickets: $*77f $1»0C, and $1*50 

Bores $2.00 



Jerd sh 

WPA (ILL) PROi. 30275 






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Tor Benefits Apply to- Mr. Palley, 



(Adv. ) 



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J2WISH 
I I A 3 d (1) 

. ' W?A (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

^ goTOard. July ?9, 19?1. 

* '• There was a time in Chicago when no one dreajned of one respectable 
\ Yiddish Theatrat let alone two» The first will he, as nsual, Slickman^s 
"Palace" and the second ;7ill he the "Inrperial" Theatre, located at Madison 3t« 
, .>^ * and Western Avenue. 

f.^ The "Imperial" Theatre has heen rented hy Joseph Mssler and the - 



4. 



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1 Comedian, Bernard Bernstein* The contract \7aG signed last iVednesday* 



l;/^'''. ^■' Por the mciin Engineer for the nev: theatre, negotiations are going on 

■ ; " with Jacoh Polls* If he will agree, he will become General Manager of the ; ; ,5^'^^ 

V- ' theatre, *:he main figure in the lohhy, and the boss of the box-office. -- ■ ^ 



v;. J J 






And now but one question remains S fhat actors will compose the coii>- 
panles of both the "Palace" and "Imperial." theatres^ 

The duel to secure the best actors and actresses will occur between 
Glicknan & Bernstein on the Hew York battlefield. ITaturally, the one with 









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il A 3 d (i) , 

Fcnra rd, July 29, 1521. 

the best weapons aiid the most aan-iunition, will win the fight* 






WPA (ILL) PROJ, 30275 



Llr« Glickman has anno^jinced that already he lias signed the Corriedian, 
Isador Meltser, Becks'- Frani:, and ILx. and I^rs, Teitlebaum of the Vilna Troup.e. 



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II A 3 d (1) 



Jorward June 5, 1921 



JMIM 



WPA (ILL) PROJ J0274 



Gllckmaii*8 Palace Theater 
presents 
Max Oable and Jenny Ooldetkin 



in 



"Mother's Prayer* 
Friday, Satnrday and Sundqr 



(ADV.) 



n A 3 d (1) 

Forward , May 20, 1921 

Glickman's Palace Theatre 

Presents 

The World's ttreatest Artist 
Madame Oretta Meyers 
i n 
"Medda" "by Jacob Gordon 
Tues* May 2U, and all week, 
(Adv. ) 



JEWISH 



^^^^ OIL) PHOl 30275 



II A 3 d (1) 



Tonrard Uajr 12» 1921 

aiickman*8 Palace Theater 
preeente 

llr« Leon Blank in 
"▲ friend in Idfe** 
Uonda7, Toesdagr, Wedneedagr, and Thnrsdagr 



(Adr) 



JlflSH 



WPA(1LL)PRCJJQ275 



^ 



II A 3 d (1) 



Forward lUgr 10. 1921 ^^^'^^ O^O PRGlSOm 



Gllolcman^s Palace Theater 
Present 8 
Leon Blank in 

"The Drankard<* written bgr William Siegel 

Friday t Saturday, and Sunday 



II i. 3 d (1) 



Forward Uay 8, 1921 



JWISH 



WPA(!'Jt.)PROJ.3Q27i 



Pala43e Theater 
featuring 
Leon Blank in a special perforoanee 



"Ihe Proletarian Curse" 



(adr) 



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II 2 1 d 






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t'V'PA (ILL.) PROj, 3QZ?i 



Jc:Co"b Ben -t^ni :.t t^p ;:er"^nrnrncf Siinc''^^, !'-:^ ", ir. t^^r Prince?'- '^e-'^er. 
?he Lite^rry Lranrtic So'^iot^r wil^- pr^s-^rt 

"At ''ornin-" V I- L. Peretr. 



(Ac^t) 



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%!! A 3 d (1) 



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Forwardj 






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?al&.ce Tlieatie 



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Presents 
ILixvLT ice Schwar t z 
in 
'^Tiie SlacksiTiith's D^-o^hter" 



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Trl . - 3at .-Sun. Svenirigs 
SiiiL. Kali nee 



(Adv.) 



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■ . - . / ' ■•• \-- 



J.^-^ 



IIA 3 d (I) 



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WPAflLL)PfiaJ.3Q2J£ 



i^lrce. Th'^*' te: 



St^rrln." '.'c?nrice Sc'^vr-'^t^ 1- '^In ^^^'^ ClcL 3:-ncw^j,'r'.ic*^ "by I.':.Tirice 5ch"T.rtz 



T-o 



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Dnd C^^n^hin^ Zt2'.*:''V "^'^ I'p'^ariue Schv; .-^t:: 



Pipchik, The 'tedious TpIIow "b^ 3. llrvrirr 

An AcTr^nB - In on^ act nv y^ol")-- ^^-elcho^i 



Co'antr7^en- In one act, st 



v.pr» 



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r'^-r "^•Jjr'cc 5.c'hv/::.rts V" I. D. Berkoritz 






onr'ry,l.Iaj/ ?• 






II A 3 d (1) 



Forward . Hay 2, 15^1, 



tjjj'K ion 



.,r.. (iLL.)PROJ. 



Palace Theatre 
TiAS:i]ceritz*£ Great Uaster-Fiece 
"A Pauper's Lrearn" 



otarrir^ Llaui^ice Schwartz 



?aes.-V/8d.-:-.a-Thurs. 



( Adv. ) 



II A 3 ^ (^) 






rorvrar.l . Lay 1, I92I 
Palace Tlieatre 
- Presents - ' ^ 

*MciU.lxL^^ tj \^ ..l\* i.11. wu y..^ 






"It Is Difiicult lo Be a Jevr" - oy 

Sliolor. Aleicher. 
S^i.odai^, Hay Ist 

(Adv. ) 






II A 3 i (1) 



£0r;.7ard, I'ay If 1921. 
Play House presents 
Jacol:) Ben Ani 



in 



1 ^.V, !l 



JE;VI3H 



"oainson and Delilc?Jri 
i;7ith Pauline Lord and Hotert Heinz 



liondajs Hay 2. (Adv.) 



II A 3 d (1 ) 



JEi'/ISK 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



FoTOard , April 29, 1921* 
Gartners Theater. 

Friday night, Saturday matinee and night 
The last performance in Gartners Theater 
The close of the season 

The Galician Musician will be played* 



II A 3 d (1) ^sim 



Torwards April 23 t 1921 
Oertnere Theater 
In honor of Passorer 
Saturday and Sonday matinee and night. 
The beet comedj with an Interesting- plot* 
"The Cantor* e Daqghtere** In U acts* 
Please come In time ae the eeate are not reserved* 



^PA(11UPR0J.302?£ 



(Adr) 






. 7< . ' »f 



II A 3 d (1) 



\ 



For^ar^, March 30, 1921. 
Crartner's Theatre 



J2TISE 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30271 






1 



^Warning to Mothers] Today - Matinee and llight. 
We will present Guard Girls Against Dance Halls > 



\ 



* "* **-■ 



A Plg7 in U. Acts 
Monday and Tuesday* 



A New Shame 



(Adv.) 









:\. 



*'•* • :.. f-". 



■ >, 



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II A 3 "i (1) 






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Forward, March 2S, 192i. 
Palace Theatre 



WPA(!LL)PR0J.3i]2.Zf 



Thursday - Friday Tight £. 

Saturday and Sunday Iv:atlnt?e r-nd Ilight, Llarch J^t April 1, 2 and 3» 

Bessie Thone.shefsky 

'in 

Yosele— Cclboynik, in U Acts, oy Borris Thonashefskj'-, 
under direction of Jacct Cohen 



• . -X 



(Adv. ) 



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L.^. i':^' 



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II A3 d (1) 



Torjard, March 17, 1921 • ^ 
Palace Theatre , 
Monday lTl£;ht, ilarch 21st, - Sessie Thomashefsl^y 
In Her Success -. . . 

« 

The Immigrant illllicnaire 
Tiierday night, ilarch 22. L^^dies' lli^ht. 

The Best Seat In The House Tor A Lady, 50 Cents. 

The 2astard, 

hy Jacot Gordon, 
Will Be Pla^red. 

(AdvO 






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JEWISH 



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Forwro^d, March 12, 1921 • 
Palace Theatre 
■ Sunday Matinee and ITight - Mme. Valier 
■ in 

% 

. . Mere le 2fres 

Monday ITight - Lime. Valier^c Farewell Performance 

V 

Kreutzer Sonata 

Uext rTeek. Ccmes Bessie Thomashef sky. 

Tuesday TTight, March l^i A Perfcrmance in Honor of Our Beloved 
Comedian, Mr. David Scheirholz in - 

Fathefly Love 

Mr. Scheinholz in the main comical role - David Kishke.' 

' (Adv. } 



JEWISH.- 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 









Mr. Scheinho 








1 .-• 




• y'' ,. < ■■ v-' .'. , , .'^ • • ^ 

:v--:'v,* ...» 4V.. „-»J. . 



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II A 5 d (1) 



JE7ISH 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



Forward, March 12, 1921. 

Gartner's Theatre 

Do You Know li^^at Love Means ? 

Today, Saturday and Sunday. - Matinee - Hifrht 

Gartner's Theatre Will Precent: 

Park Love 

Monday and Tuesday a new production is beirs prepared 

in honor of Pi.irim 

Ahas uerus 
(AdvO 



■V 



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..,■:■.-■- I 



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II A 5 d (1) 



JB 



'jTTISH 



FonT^rd, llarch. c, 1521 



VVPA (ILL) PROJ 30276 



Star of Llecca - A Fcrmer Jev,ish Ferform'^r 

Mr« Franlc Shmuckler, *he personal representative of Miss Anna Tabal:, told 
us the follor;irg regarding the ycing Jevrish Prirr'.a Donna of Uecca, rhich is new 
"being played at the Auditorium Theatre. She began her career at eight years of 
age and ^vithin the ten years that she has "been on the 3t^;!ge she h^as developed 
into one of the most famous of the yo^:iJCl^ prima donnas. Ter years ago, Miss 
Tahak appeared in Boris Thamoshifsliy^s Peoples Ther/tre in Blind Love , and then 
left 77ith the entire conrpany for Chi-^ago. That was the first tirae Miss Tahak 
ever was outside of I7ew York, 



/ 



II A 3 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



WPA (!LL)PROJ. 30275 



Forward, March 5, 1921. 



Gartners Theater, 

Friday, Saturday and Sunday matinee and night 

King Lear 
with new costumes and new decorations. 

Monday and Tuesday, a new play. 



II A 3 d (1 ) 

II A 3 t 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PROJ- 30275^ 



Forward, March 2, 1921, 



Tomorrow at the Palace Theater, Wednesday ni^ht, March 2nd. Honor perform- 
ance for our musical director and composer, David Hirsch. 

Chantsha in America - will he played. 

Special for this occasion a religious concert hy Cantor A, I. Manovitz, accom- 
panied "by a magnificent choir and double orchestra. 

Workmen's Circle branches, societiiss, relief vereins, and lodges can buy 
through the months of March and April, $310.00 worth of tickets for $100.00 



II A 3 d (1 ) 
I £ 



JEWISH 



W?.A (ILL) PROj. 3027-^ 



Forward. March 2, 1921. 



The Mute - hy A. Vaiter, will he played hy the Literary Dramatic Society, 
2 P. M. Sunday, March 6th, at the Princess Theater, Clark and Jackson Blvd. 

Be prepared with tickets. The entire proceeds go for The Defense League. 



II A 3 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



=N?A (!IL)PR0J.3C275 



Forward , March 1, 1921, 

This week in Glickman's Palace Theater. 

Madam Jennie Valier will play, Thursday night, March 3rd, in Jacob Gordon's 

Mirele Afres 

Friday night, Saturday matinee and night, Sunday matinee and night, March Uth- 
5th - 6th 

Za Za - hy Bert an and Simon, 

The last farewell performance - Monday night, March 7th 

SaJcho - hy Jacob Gordon. 



• «. <« 



II A 3 cL (1) 



JEWISH 

Forward^ February 22, 1921 WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

Glickman's Palace Theatre 
Today - Tuesday, ITovember 22 

The Yeshlva Student 



Thursday evening, February 2k\ the first performance: 

Chayim in America 

Friday evening, Saturd^ay and Sunday matinee, and evening: 

Madame Jenny Wolier 
in 
Miriam Efwc S 
By Jacob Grordon 

Monday evening, February 2S: One performance only: 

Madame X 



Page 2 

II A 3 d (1) 



JET7ISH 
Porjmrd, February 22, 1921 ^,p,^ ^^^, PRO J, 30275 



Wednesday evening, March 2. Evening in honor of our Music 

Director and Composeri David Hirsh. 

The Play Will Be: 
Hantshke in America 

(Adv. ) 



i 



II a 3 d (1) 



JEITISH 



Fonmrd, Feb. 13, 1921* WPt/V^r^ 



Glicknian's Palace Theatre 
Thursday Evening, February 17 
DI.ALIOITDS 



The Greatest Actress on the Yiddish Stage, 
Lime Jennie Wolier 
in 
THE DAIISEUSE 
Friday evening; Saturday and Sunday Matinees a Evenings 

(Adv. ) 



II A 3 d (1) 
IC 



JEWISH 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



\ 



Forwa rdt February 11, 1921. 



Gartner's Theater. 



Friday, Saturday, Sunday matinee and evening 



Monday, Tuesday 



Fordt the Anti-^Semite 
in three acts 



Broken Hearts. 



II 3 2 d (5) 



JEWISH 

«— — • ■ ■» « 

WPA (!LL>PROJ.3L)27i 



Forward s February 6, 1921, 

' , For the first time in America, Pride by Sholom Asch, will be produced and un- 
der his personal direction* The performance will take place Sunday, Feb. 20th, 
in the Princess Theater. 

Literary Dramatic Society. 



II A 3 d (1) 



JSWISH 



Forward, February 4, 1921, 
Gartner' s Independence Theater. 
Friday, Saturday and Sunday matinee and evening 

When One Lpv es A Lftui . 

Monday and Tuesday evening 

The 7/edding Day > 



WPA(1LUPR^- 302/0 



II A 3 d (1 ) JEWISH 



Forward < January 31, 1921. 

Glickman^'s Palace Theater* 

Tonight - 

The Bastard 

f 

Tomorrow, Tuesday evening - 

The Girl of the West 

Thursday and Friday evenings, Saturday and Sunday matinees and evenings 
Herr Boris Umashevsky, in 

The Cantoris Wife* 



II A 3 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30276 



Forward , January 10, 1521. 

Palace Theater. Monday and Tuesday evening, January 10th and 11th, Miss Annie 
Meltzer and the entire cast in 

Tsiphe the Widow , 
Thursday evening, January 13th, Joseph Kessler produces for the first time 

The Tiger , hy Coml>lut. 

Friday. Saturday and Sunday evenings, Saturday and Sunday matinees - Joseph 

Kessler in 

The Qreat Question , hy Z. Luhin. 

The Bestard , "by Jacob Oordon, will he presented 
Tuesday evening, JanuarylSth, in honor of our artist - Jacoh Cohen, 



?*::*; 






^ ..i'V 



II A 3 d (1) 



». ■• 



JEWISH 



^^^^ OIL) PRDJ. 3027^ 



Porrrard, December 20 » 1920 



•' -> 



20ME0 and JULIET (In Yiddish) 



:■. » . 



Shakesperean Play 



at the 



Palace Theatre 



Monday Evening, January 3» 



(Adv.) 






V ^Ji .■ '■':/ • ;-^ry - ;= 






II A "^ d (1) 



Forward, December 19, 1920. 



The Palace Theater presents Joseph Kessler in 



"His '.Tife" 



Tuesday evening. 



JEWISH 



VVPA(IU,)FR0j.3a275 



II A 3 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



Forward, December 13, 1920. 



Palace Theater, presents Joseph Kessler in 



The Only Son 



yVP." (ILL.) PROJ 30275 



Thursday, December 23rd, 



11 A 1 d (1) 



Forward, December 17, 1920. 



Gartners Theater, presents 



The Two Brides 



Comedy Drama "by M. Cohen, Pridey, SatTirday, and Sunir^y. 



JEWISH 



.^.^(lLL)f^RGjJG2?S 



fc* ^" - ' - ' ^^^-a*^.** 



■^•dMMiMM 



II A "^ d (1 ) 



Forward, December lU, 1^20. 



Gartner's Independence Theater, presents 



The Manipc 



Wednesday, December l^th. 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) f^ROJ J0275 



ILA 1 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PROJ JQ^7i 



Forward , December 8, 1920, 



Bush Tezople Theater, Conrad Ziderman, director, presents Sholom Ash^s 

*0od of Revenge" 
adults only 
Friday, Decemher 10th at 8:15 P. M. 



II A 3 d (1 ) 
V A 1 
II D 10 



JEWISH 



WPA(1LL)PR0J.3G275 



Forward, December 7, 1920. 



Dwinsk Relief, requests all countrymen and friends to take tickets for the 
theater "benefit given Thursday eve. Dec. 19th, at the Palace Theater. 



to see 
"The Jewish Heart* 



II A 1 d (1 ) 
IX B 1 d 



JEWISH 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



-fri 



Forward, Deceoter 7, 1920. 



i-> 1-, 



The Literary and Dramatic Society will have a visitor in Chicago, the noted 
Jewish poet and dramatist, David Pinsky* 

In honor of his presence, the society will present his well known drama, 
"Everyone With His Gtod" in U acts. It will be presented at the Princess The* 
ater, Sunday December 19th. 



II A 3 d (1 ) JBWISH 



W?A(ILU?ROJ^30275 



Forward . 1)6061111)6 r 7t 19?0« 



Tuesday 6 veiling December lUth, a play will be given in honor of Anna 
Hettzer -> 

"The Immigrant Boy** 



II A 3 d (1 ) JEWISH 

rf^r^A(!LL)PkCJ.30275 



Forward . December 5, 1920. 

A new comedy \>y the well known English author, Montague aiass, entitled "His 
Honor A'be Potash" will appear, shortly, at Woods Theater, with Barney Bernard, 



II A 3 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



VVPA (ILL) PROj J0276 



Forward , November 12, 1920. 

aiickman's Palace Theater, Today, Friday evening, Saturday and Sunday mati- 
nee and evening, for the first time, a great sensational melodrama with music. 

The Nestling 
in U acts - hy N. Rakoff 

Produced "by Jacob Cohen. 



II A 3 d fl ) 



JEWISH 

fiPk (ILL,) PROJ. 30275 



Forward « November 1, 1920, 

Glickman^s Palace Theater 

Tuesday evening, November 2nd, Election day 

Elias Glickman 
as Feitel Pavolia, in the 

Immigrants 

by Shackovitch 

Wednesday evening, November 3rd, Benefit for Carpenters Union, local 504 
t«5-v The Power of Love 



\ I 



Thursday evening, November 4th, Ladies Night 
The Yeshiva Student 

Friday evening, Saturday matinee and evening and Sunday matinee and evening, 

November 5th, 6th and 7th 
A Woman *s Secrete 



• **- 



r.^ 



i.V>i' ~r: ..■■ 



II A 3 d (1) 



JEWISH 



WPAdLDPROJ. 30276 



P-^rward . Cctoter 2Sth, 19 2Q. 

Gartners Theatre 
12 and Irdeoendence 31vd, 



Have you seen Dar.ce-^zc fr^r. Pcir'i.^ ? If not, cone to Tr-irt^er'^ Th.e'..itre 
Friday, jat-^Arc" y , ^w Junc:r^ ^ir-tinee anc ^•':^:'^ir\^ '^:hen the Danne:ice, from 
Paris ^'\^\ "be :erfnr:nec '^ t'-'ree acts 7;ith nuch sin£in.:r anr dancin^c. 
!»!ondaj^ to Thursday the Spa'^is'-^. Inniiisition, ■'Tl historic o.jeretta 1^. 
four acts -'ill be ^.rtrsenved. 



(Adv. ) 



• 1 



II A 3 d (1) Jewish 

WPA (iLDPROJ.30?76 
FORyARD , October 27, 1920 • 

Gliokman*8 Palace Theatre 

On Friday evening, 

Saturday Matinee, and evening, and Sunday Uatinee, October 29-30-31. 

Will be presented for the first time a beautiful life drama • 

••Face to Face With Tour Relatives'* 
in Poland and Latvia. 



II A 3 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PR03. 30275 



Forward , October 22, 1920, 

PALACE THEATRE 

Friday evening, Saturday matinee and evening and 

Sunday matinee and evening, October 22 - 23 - 24 

The Best Farce Comedy 
Business and Pleasure 
10 good song numbers. 

Soon, the greatest sensation in America will be here. 

Face to Face. 



ILa^LHI 



Chic--ro Fo-w:-rr. O^to'^:>^r '^It^t, IQPO. 



JE7;iSK 



WPA (!LL)PR0j.3Q27i 



T:A:Lce Theatre 
Thurs.^ay,Octol>-r 21. I92O. 

This evevAn^i -L-^.'Ues nifht. 

The Childrr^n of The Stre-t. 



■^Tr 



i^v^ry v^rson will get the hest seat ^or . ^0^ 



II A 3 d (1) 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PROJ, 30275 



Forrard, OctoTDer 19, 1520, 
Oartner's Theater, 



Today, Wednesday until Thursda^^. 
Joseph and His Brothers, 

Benefits are Sold from $1CO.OO - $125.00 - and $U5.00 

Guaranteed Profits, 



n A ? d (1) 

II A 3 b 
I E 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



J Jewish Forward , September 10, 1920, 

The Chicago Dramatic Society has "mounted the rings of the ladder of success"- 
it has moved into Wood's Theater in the Loop. They will present their productions, 
every two weeks. 

They have united with the Socialist Singing Verein, the latter will fill all 5; 
choir needs in the various dramas produced hy the Society. 

The orchestra will "be the Socialist orchestra. 



- ■'<■■ 



II A 3 d (1) 



JEWISH 

VVPA (ILL) PROJ. 30276 



Jewish Forward , September 3t 1920* 

Gartner's "Independence Theater opens this evening with full "Pomp and 
Circumstance". 

( This theater was of a lower class than Glickman's, concerning itself with 
comedy and musical comedy only. Its two stars for the 1920-21 season were S&m 
Leavenworth and Hyman Frizant, "both comedians). 






n A 3 d (1) 



JEWISH 



WPMILU PROi 3a2;& 



Forward . September 3. 13^ • 

Elias ?• Glickman, is a Chicago product, He is one of the pioneer the- 
ater entrepreneurs in Chicago, and in America and also one of the foremost dramat- 
ic artists. Glickman, as manager and proprietor, does not act, often. 

"We have nothing of which to he ashamed Everyone acknowledges that the 

Palace Theater it the most "beautiful in America When we will enter the Pal- 
ace Theater, one shall think he is in a New York Theater. 



II A -^ d (1) 



JEWISH 

WFA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



-I 



Jewish Forward , September 3f 1920» 

"We have prepared a large repertoire, we have several "beautiful dramas of 
Ossys Dimov; we will produce his Bronx Express , with the same staging as in New 

York, and we also will produce Dimov' s new drama " Stranger than Love ?,,. 

We have secured the services of the Yiddish-Russian artists, Anastasin Orzhevska 
and Leonid Sniegov, who will appear in the outstanding works of Gorki, Artzi- 
hasheff , Andrew, and other Russian artists". 

Mr, Jacoh Cohen 
Grlickman's Theater. 



II A 3 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



WPA (lit) PRC3. 3027^ 



Forward, August 29, 1920. 

Grand Opening of Glickinan* s Palace Theater, 

Ellas F. Glickman presents the following cast: 

Men • Jacob Cohen, David Levenfiin, Elias F, Glickman, Sam Gershonsong, Herr 

Fogelnert, David Yanuar, David Sheinholtz, and Joseph iJeinstoch, 

Wooaen - Yet la Bloick, Tilly Rabinowitz, Annie Frank, Leah Asther, and Anna 
Meltzer. 

Music Directors and Composers - David Hirsch and Mortimer Glickman* 
Friday evening, Saturday, Sunday, and Monday matinee and evening. 

Free Love 
in 4 acts with music • by !• Koloraonovitch. 



II A 3 d (1) 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL.) PROJ. mih 






Forward s August 22, 1920. 

Chicago will have but one Tiddieh Theater this season (1920-21) and that will 
be Glickman^s Palace Theater. 



I 



II A 3 d (1 ) 

— M^M— — —a—a >'^fci ■ n ^ m* 



» 



JEWISH 

WPA (ILL) PROi 30275 



Forward , August 15, 1920* 

The Yiddish theater season (1920-21) will open September 2nd, in the Palace The- 
ater, announced Mr* Glickman, manager of the theater • 

Mr. Glickman further announces that while in New York, he arranged for a most ex- 
cellent cast for the theater and that he also secured a number of new plays* 






II A 1 d (1 ) JEWISH 

•,.••■ WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30276 

Forward, Jiine 6, 1920. 

Empire Theater. 
News. News. 

MMe. Bessie Thoraashefski with Sanruel Rosenstein in their last farwell performan- 
ce. 

Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday night 

Minke the Servant Oirl. 



'i 



n A 3 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PROl 3027b 



• Forward, June U, I92O. 

Gartners Independent Theater. 
Friday and Saturday, June U, and 5. Gartners Theater will present 

Off the Beaten Path, ty &arner. 



Sunday matinee and nighty June 6 



Torn Flowers. 



\-'^- '-'^ ■■ 



II A 3 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 3027i 

Porward , May 50, 1920. 
Empire Theater. 

Today matinee and night, welcome our guest, Mr. Mark Arnstein. The Mggest 
sensation of this century. Max Groldherg presents that great artist, Mme. 
Bessie Thomasef ski, and the great romantic lover, Mr. Samuel Rosenstein, in 
Mark Arnstien' s musical comedy, 

Before the Wedding 

A large choir from the Chicago Opera Company. A large Symphony Orchestra, un- ' 
der the direction of David Hirsch. 



.'■\ •' 



V- ' 



** 1 ■■ 



II A 3 d (1 ) 
II B 1 d 



JEWISH 



WPA (III.) PROJ. 30275 



Forward. May 27, I92O, 



. ; 



In Memory of Jacob Gordon. 

Jaco"b Gordon's "best drama - God - Man and Devil, will l3e presented Sunday- 
night, May 6th» In the Central Music Hall, Van Buren St. and Michigan Blvd. 
under the auspices of the Literary Dramatic Society. 

f 

Tickets are 50^ i 83^ and 1.10, including war tax. Tickets can be purchased 
at Forward office 1128 Blue Island Ave., D. Stein, 1012 S. Marshfield Ave. , 
L. Herman, I309 S. Karlove Ave., telephone, Lawndale 31^3 f *^^ 2» Shusterman, 
1505 S. Ridgeway Ave. 






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II A 3 d (I ) 



JEWISH 



Forward , May 17, 1920. »VPA (IlD PRCJ.302/^ 



Palace Theater. 



Tuesday, 'JZednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday night - Saturday and 
Sunday matinee, Edwin A* Relkin presents Boris Thomashef ski and Regina Zuker« 
. berg and a company of 25 singers, players and dancers in the new operetta 

The Old Melody by Thoraashefski 
in 4 acts 

Music by Rumshinski - Enlarged Symphony Orchestra. 

Next attraction - Leon Blank, Dora 'JZeisraan and Isadore Meltzer in a new play 

Blind Men 

Lodges, Unions and Relief Societies, you can purchase tickets on percentage 
basis, in advance for future attractions. 



II A 3 d (1) JBf/ISH 

W^MILUPRCJ, 30275 

Forward , May 9, 1920 • 

At the request of the general public, The Big Prize by Sholorn Alechem, folks 
comedy in 4 acts, will be produced in memory of Sholora Alechem, Sunday night, 
May 23rd at 8 P. M. 

For technical reasons, this performance was postponed from the 16th to the 
23r3 of May* 

Central Music Hall, Van Buren and Michigem Blvd. Produced by the Literary 
Dramatic Society. 

L# Herman, business manager. Ben 2ion Gordin, director. 

There is a large demand for tickets. 



II A 3 d (1) 



Forward, Ttoy 6, 1920 • 

Palace Theater • 

Tonight, Thursday - The last performance of the Moscow artists 

The Live Corpse by Tolstoi 

Friday and Sunday night, Saturday and Sunday matinee 

The Price of a Girl^s Good Time 
B» Isadore Lilien 



JEWISH 



'^^^ OLD PHOl 3027i 



Girls under 16 will not be admitted^ 

Soon we will have Boris Thomashef ski and Company* Leon Blank, Dora 'J7eisman 
and Company* 

Organizations c€ua buy tickets now, for future attractions, on percentage basis. 



II A 3 d (1) 



JBfflSH 



''''"'^>m.3le,i 



Forward . !iay 1, 1920 • 
Gartners Theater. 



Friday and Saturday matinee and night, Gartners entire company will present 

MaTima^s Mil lions 
Sunday matinee and night 

Golden Age 
Monday to Thursday 

The Sacred Hymn 



II A 3 d .(1) JEWIS H 

II D 10 '^ 

V A 1 



'VPA (ILL.) PROl 30Z7i 



Forward, April .26, 1920. 
The Chamsker Relief Society. 

The Chamsker Relief Society is giving a benefit performance in Palace Theater 
Tuesday April 27th. 

A Girl frotg the Next fforld will be played. 
Miss Meltzer will play the leading role. 

You will enjoy this play. Your laughter here will help the unfortunate 
across the sea. 

The Committee. 



II A 3 d ^{1) JEWISH 



Forward, April 23, 1920. 
Eiiipire Theater. Farewell performance. 

ClarA Rafala, Wednesday night, April 28th. This will be the last appearance 
of this great artist who is saying farewell to her thousands of friends and 
listeners, until next season. 

On this occasion our artist will portray characters in the follov/ing 4 acts. 

1. Shularnith - 1st act 

2. The Stepchild - 2nd act 

3. 7/here are our children? • 3rd act 

4. Kreitzer Sonata - 4th act. 



II A -^ d (1) 



JEWISH 



WPAriLL) PRO.!, 30275 



Forward . April 15, 1920. 
Eii5)ire Theater, 

« 

Saturday matinee and night. Sunday matinee and night, The Step Child , "by 
Isadore Lilien. 

• Hme Clara Hafala in her famous role, Yehudith - The Dan^ter of Zion. 



MB^l^Hi 



I* A ? d (1) 
V A 1 



JEWISH 



Forward , April I5, 1920, 
Witebaker, 



A theatrical performance is to be given by the Witebaker Social League, Fri« 
day night, April l6th at the Palace Theater, The Jewish Daughter will be 
played for the first time in Chicago. 

All Witebaker landsleit are asked to come to this benefit* Tickets can be 
purchased Thursday night at Mr. N. Gedski, 361I W. 12th St., and Friday 
nigbt at the box office* 

With regards 

The Committee. 



J 






II A 3 d (1) 



c- iii«;l oil 



■■.% 



Forward, April 1st, 1920 
Llonday iTi£:ht, April U* Only One Performance, 
lime. Thomashef sky's. The Two Mothers 
Tuesday Ili^^t, April 5th. 
Benefit Performance In Honor Of Our Le-'dir^ Lady 

ilrs* Tetta 31ock 



We V7ill present The Slnty^ht^r , 

"by Jacob Gordon, 
^ith Lime. Yetta Block, in her Great Art Hole as Esterke 

(Adv.) 





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I^^ A 3 d (1) 



JMISH 



■VPA (ILL) PROI 30271 






Forward, January 2, 1920. 



Sholom Alechim, the immortal poet, humorist and writer, left us reroem- 
hrances to he reed with laughter and tears. The outstanding comedy known as 
"The Great Winnings," is being presented for the fourth time by the Literary 
and Dramatic Society this Sunday December 5th, 2 p.m. at the Princess Theater, 



II A "^, 









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In h-^nor of tbp holiday, Thursd y, "^ric'V > ^--t^irc^c-y, 
ar.d 3iind--i.y - '."atlnee and ever/.r^*, Seote-nber 2^ - 2' 



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Sat'ordoy and Siincay, natin^-'-'^ a^'"' ever*n{^ 



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... riLL)?R0J.3G274 



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:ie baci^if^ce of Ij^aac 



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(Adv. ) 



II A 3 d (1) 



1 t 



FORWARD- SEPTEIIBER 14, 1919. 

PALACE THEATRE 
Today' 8 Matinee & Evening 
Joseph Kessler in Z Libin's 4 act drama 
THE GSIEAT QUESTION. 
(adv.) 



JEWISH 



'^\ 



(\ii)?ROLmm 



JEWISH 
II A 3 I (1) 

FORIARD, September 12, 1919. "^^^ (iU.) PROi 3G27b 

The nev theatre in Douglas Park Auditorium opens today under the direction 
of Joseph Oberlander and Abraham Mason. 

Tonight and Saturday evening, Steinberg's ••Sister versus Sister" will be 
presented. Sunday evening a four art drama. **Uen of Sin** will be given. 



4 



H A 3 d ( 1) 



JEWISH 



FORWARD September 12, 1919. - "' L) PRQj 302^5 



The actors and the management of Glickman's Palace Theatre are proud of the 
fact that they were successful in presenting one drama for an entire two 
weeks . 

^ This is a cause for painful laughter. In New York, a successful play is good 
] for the entire season, and neither the actors nor the management worry about new 
works. Even Philadelphia, irtiose Jewish population is 100,000 less, than 
Chicago's, provides seven to eight weeks run for various presentations. 



II A 3 d (1 ) jmSH 

^ WW«P 8«pt«b«r U, 1919. 

^•VP^ (ILL,) PROJ. 3Gm 
Last week Eugene Spliraeh, sold a play which 

will be shortly produced in the finplre Theatre. The work is modern and 
discusses an important problem of life. 



U^ 3 d (1) 



JEWISH 

FORWARD Sept. 10, 1919. ^VPA (ilL) PROj 302/^ 

Bnpire Theatre 
Friday Evening the 12th 
Saturday & Sunday Uatinee - and Evening. 

September 13 & 14* 
Ur. Jacob Silber A Une. Clare Raf&ila 
The first time in Chicago. 

••A MOTHJER^ 8 SACRIFICE'' 

by Zolataroveky 

Great melodrama with music. 



II A 3 d (1) JEWISH 

FORWARD -September 5, 1919. 

ArA {ill,} mjj 3Q275 

The two ••Big Brothers, the ••Empire & the Palace" also have a ••Small Brother" 
i-Grartner*s ••Independence^^ theatre, Roosevelt Road and Independence Blvd» 

Gartner has no pretensions for the bigger things in drama. 



li A 3 ci u; 






M"^« 



'"•'UilL^Pmj.302 



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-he S')irit oi t-:v^ ' ^- 



^ 'nday 



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II A 3 d (1) 



JEWISH 



FORWARD August 21, 1919 
Eknpira llieatre 



Jacob Sllbert and Clara Rafola 

in 
Cliildren Come Kom6| by Zolatorevsky 

Directed by Jacob Silbert 



2^ 



We wish to announce to the Chicago Jewish public that we have organized a troupe^ of 
first class actor s, all with good voices , capable in song, and all young. 

Regard this personnel of the troupe • 

Messrs: Mesdames 

Jacob Silbert Clara Rafola 

Herr. Kroner Rosa Bialis 



II A 3 d (1) 



JEWISH 



Herr. Rosenstein 
Herr, Bulman 
Herr» Friedman 
Herr* Weinstock 
Herr. Roeenthcd 
Herr* Frizont 
Kerr. Epstein 
Herr. David Hirsh 



FORyARD August 21, 1919 (Empire Theatre) #2 



- Music Director 



Tilly Rabinowitz 
Morris Kroner 
Matilda Finkel stein 
Rosa Silbert 



Union Workmens* Circle branches, Societies, schools, lodges and individuals 
can secure benefits by selling tickets for a percentage. Our books are 
open for the season 1919-1920. 



(Adv.) 



II A 3 D ( 1 ) 



Jewidi 



Forward , Jtaiguet 21, 1919. 

Joseph Kessler in Gliclrman* s 

Palace Iheatre 
Twelfth St. Comer Blue Island Ave., 

First performance of Messrs. Kessler, Levlnson, and 
Gllekman. Friday ^ Saturday and Sunday evenings. 

Saturday and Simday matinees , August 29- 30. 

Ubnday (Labor Cay) Uatinee & Evening. 



The first time in Chicago. *«A MAIDENS DREAM** 

Great drama in 4 aets with music and dance 

by Max Gibbel. 



II A 3 D (1) 



Forward, August 21, 1919 • #2 



JEWISH 



The Cast. 

Joseph Kessler 
David Levinson 
Chas* Glickman 
H. Goldberg 
H. Gershonaen 
H« Bakshitzky 
H* Shiago 



Harry Shore 
H* Hockstein 
Mme Axelrod 
Ume Fanny Reinhardt 
Miss Becky Fi-ank 
Miss Groffer 
Molly Cohen 



Dave Calmus 

and the most beautiful and beloved soubretto of the Yiddish stage 

Miss Annie Meltzer 



(Adv.) 



II A 5 d (1) j::j:.ji3H 

II B 2 d (1) 

III a Daily Jev/lsh Courier , Aug. 28, 1919. 
lY 

TH3 0PTi3-IING 0? TET^ JLMSH TILiL\TRIC-^i SjLIoCN 

by 

Dr. 3. M. Melamed 

The openin.^ of the Jev/ish theatrical season in Chicago has been for many ^rears 
an inspiration to many of our journalists v/ho have used it as an opportunity 
to discuss topics of the da:/, as .veil as to make profound and wise observations ^ 
about the J"ev:ish theater. I hereupon declare that I have no intention of writ- ^^ 
ing a polemic on the subject of our dramatic literature, because I do not v/ish ^ 
to injure the Jewish theater v/hich is a popular and highly beneficial public in- 
stitution. Ver^' fev; Jewish theaters can withstand objective criticism, and ver^^ :^ 
few of then are institutions. of art in the true sense of the v;ora. The Jewish £ 
theater is not to be judged from an aesthetic standpoint but rather from a stand- c> 
point of socio-philanthropy, of usefulness, and of f^eneral mass education. ^ 
Naturally, it is also an amuseiaent center for the Jevjish masses. This guarantees^ 
its popuLarity, and therefore, it can grow and prosper. The Jewish press in Amer- 
ica shows no progress at the present time because of the decline in its circula- 
tion, as a result of the cessation of immigration for the past five years. VJhi,le 



II A 5 d (1) - 2 - J1].;13H 

II B 2 d (1) 

III G Daily Jewish Courier , Aur:. 28, 1919. 
IV 

the Jev;ish press is Inr^-ly de'n-jndent upon riass imiii^ration, the Jo.vish 
theater has ^rov/n by leaps and bounds in the last five years. The niiraber of 
Je'vish theaters in i\merica has doubled in the laat five ^rears, because the Jev/- 
ish theater does not depend urioii Jev;ish irriiiir-ration, .jaericanized and /iiaarican- 
bom Jews nlso attend the Je.vish theater regularly, and as our theater is in -^ 

addition an iiaport.mt socio-philanthropic center, it is now the most si^j;nificant 3 
institution of the Jev/ish riasjos in /jnerica. That explains vmy our theater ocvju--::i 
pies such a prominent placo in our public life and .;hy the nasses are so ^•^reatl^'' p 
interested in it. ^ 

CD 

The present tneater oeu.'ion, v;hich bep;ins toiaorrovj throu;^hout /unerica, in ITevv ^ 
York, Philadelphia, Boston, Baltijiore, Chicago, and other cities v.ith a larr:^e S 
Jev/isii population, is attracting, the speci.-il attention of the liiasses because a en 
keen conpetition has developed every.vhere in regard to the Je-vish theater, and 
because a considerable number of new theaters have been opened this year. Quan- 
tity alv/ays has a certain attraction for the public and nurabers always impress 
it. naturally, it l1..:>o expects a certain _^iiount of/ improvement in the theater 
as •: result of this competition because ovor^r'' manar^er v;ill try his best to sat- 



II A 5 d (1) - ;5 - JliV/lSH 

II B 2 d (1) 

III G Daily Jewish Courier , Auc* 28, 1919. 
IV 

isfy the public. 

The increa3inr7: number of Jewish theaters v;ill certainly lead to specialization 
in Jewish theatrical art: one theater ;vill devote itself to serious drunia; a 
second, to operettas; a third, to psycholo^^-^ical plays; a fourth, to couedies, 
etc. It is very likel^r that throufii this procedure the number of Jewish theater- ^ 
goers v;ill increase. Until nov; the number of Je;;ish theatergoer^^ aiiounted to no ^ 
more than fifteen per cent of the Jewish population, but as a resilt of this cora- ^ 
petition, it may rise to twenty per cent, or perhaps to twenty-fivo per cent. <^ 

The general tendency of the Jcvrish theater today is to bocone more and more an 2 
amusement center, especially since a nev; company has been formed in Nev; A^'ork, ^ 
which will devote itself entirolv to serious drama of literar:'" value.. Many of 
our readers will perhep3 bo unable to understand this tendency. They v;ill say 
to themselv3s: the times are so deplorable, the lot of oui* people is so trs^gic 
that it is impossible to amuse oneself. But that is a v/rong attitude. ;jhen a 
Jev/lsh ne./spaper re^d^r is unable to scan tho news v;ithout lurining across items 
dealing v/ith the murder of Je;vs and pogroms, he needs a place to v;hich he can 



en 



II \ 3 d (1) - 4 - Ju^vISII 

II B ^ d (1) 

III G Daily Jev/isli Courier , .Va^;. 28, 1919. 
IV 

escapo fron this pop;ro!n atmosphere* The more con'sistently the Jev/ish 
press prints the nev/G of slaughter and pogrom, the more neceGsar^;- an amusement 
center like the Jewish theater becomes. 

One can, therefore, v;ell imagine that the managers of the Jev/ish theaters will ^ 

concentrate on light and arausing pi -ys for this coming season and that Boris ^ 

Thomashevslc:;-, king of the Jewish operetta stars, .vill reign not only on Second :::v 

Avenue in Nev; York, but in the provincial tovms as v;ell, p 

In Ghicr.go th.:? present season v;ill be an extraordinary one. Three Jewish theaters g 
are opening here: the Emr^ire Theater, Glickman's Palace Theater, and Gertner's '""■ 

~ • CO 

Independence Theater, V/e can expect keen competition v;hen the managers present ^ 
their opening production. Then the real ^ntertainmenj^ offensive v;ill begin, Di 



II 3 2 g 









v' 



FOaVfAPJ)- A-u^ast 12, 1515 • 
The Yiddish Folic Sta^e will present a reading froiTi the drama 
"Vulaen the Plague Rules" in U acts by David Danlc, Tuesdays August 12, 
in Workers Institute, lOOoS Ashland Blvd. 

COilE IIT, 32 PHOMPI - because we will have free discussion. 



(adv.) 



U JU.IMV '""I 



II A 5 d (1) Jir.inSH 

IV 

Daily Jewish Courier . July 30, 1919* 

TV/0 JSV/ISPI THEAT3HS FOR CHICAGO 1IEI^:T SEASOIT 

It appears that Chicago will have two Jewisn theaters next season; one, the 
Empire Theater, the other, the Palace Theater. Mr,. Zuckerberg and lur* Palei, 
managers of the Empire Theater, announce that ari^angements have been made 
for the famous actor Jacob Silberg, and Prima Donna, J^ladam Clara Kafalo, and 
other actors to appear at this theater. The opening night has not yet 
been set. 

lar. Ellis F. Glickman, the leaseholder of the Palace Theater, informs us 
that his theater will open on August 29, with a company whose cast he will 
announce shortly. 




II A 3 d (1) 



JSTflSH 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



Forward , July U, 1919. 

The Closing of the Yiddish Theater Season in Chicago, 

By Eugene (Yonoh) • 

It is true, that the past season has shown a noticeahly reformed theater, 
"but it has yet to reach the high levels which it should attain. It was shajneful 
and painful to observe, at times, the idiotic, trashy plays which were presented 
and in which great artists made themselves appear ridiculous. 



! 1 



11 A :> g {^I j 









'*«^•^^ (iLL.) P^<Uj. 30275 






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n A 5 d (1) JEWISH 

II D 10 

II D 3 Dally Jewish Coxirier . July 1, 1919. 

THBATRRS AND CHARITIES 

(Editorial) 

The Smpire Theater ended its season jresterday. In other Jewish communities 
the theater is a private enterprise , but in Chicsigo it is a communal institu- 
tion* It is the only Jewish center here of literature and art, as well as 
of philosophy. Therefore its fate must interest all Chicago Jews who desire 
that such a center shall remain in existence. 

In the history of the Jewish theater of Chicago, the season just closed yester 
day will be considered the most remarkable because it was, from every stand- 
point, very fruitful. Never before has Chicago seen so many tioily great 
Jewish dramas^ nor greeted so many great artists as it did this past season* 
Chicago may be a provincial city, but we doubt very much whether even one 
Jewish theater in New York presented any finer performances this last season, 
or satisfied their audiences to any greater extent than was done here in 




II A 5 d (1) - 2 - JEWISH 

II D 10 

II D 3 Dally Jewish Courier > J\xLj 1, 1919. 

Qiicago. The directors of the Empire Theater , Mr. Tzukerberg and Mr» Falei, 
spared no efforts to bring before the Chicago Jewish public the best to be 
gotten in the field of theater art and literature* The best actors from 
New Torli^ both young and old, played for many months in good plays, which 
drew the great masses of people to the theater* 

Thus, for the first time we witness Chicago as a theater-loving city in 
which Chicago Jews are eager to patronize Jewish theater art if the theater 
directors can furnish good actors and good plays* 

It can be said, without exaggeration, that more Chicago Jews attended the 
Jewish theater this year than in previous years* It is also important to 
emphasize this—that throughout the entire season, the Empire Theater presented 
no plays that a conservative person could not see or enjoy* Not by sensational, 
humorous plays but by good sober dramas and good actors were the theater 
directors able to fill their house night after night* The public is indebted 




II A 3 d (1) - 3 - imisa 

II D 10 

II D 3 Dally Jewish Courier > Jiily 1, 1919. 

to them for this and thanks should be offered by all who are especially 
interested in a good Jewish theater in Chicago. 

Because of their excellent accomplishments during this last season, the 
Empire Theater has gained the confidence of the great masses as well as of 
the educated. We can only hope that in the future the theater directors will 
follow in this same direction and will pursue the same principles they 
established this last season. Only then will they be certain that the masses 
and classes will in the future too be ready to patronize the performances 
which last year proved to be a blessing to the Jewish community of Chicago* 

Of no less importance than as an cart center is the need of the theater as a 
philanthropic center. Many philanthropic societies owe part of their existence 
to the Jewish theater. Not all of our readers Icnow that during the last 
theater season a sum of two hundred thousand dollars was collected for the 
various Jewish philanthropic enterprises. Almost all charitable circles and 
many social organizations on Chicago* s West Side haye, through benefit 




II A 3 d (1) - 4 - JBinSB 

II D 10 

II D 3 Dally Jewish Courier , July 1, 1919. 

performances in the Empire Theater, collected hugb sums of money which 
enabled them to carry on their work* The Chicago committee of the Denver 
Sanatorium has in itself , through a number of benefit performances , collected 
many thousands of dollars* Many smaller circles , auxiliaries , etc# could 
not exist without the theater* In a word, our Jewish theater in Chicago is, 
next to the Federated Charities , the largest philanthropic agency in our 
community* Therefore » those representing our community must take a greater 
interest in the Jewish theater* Th^y should patronize it oftener, and, as 
far as possible, ccu:^ for it, that it may have a secure and undisturbed 
existence* The better the Jewish theater in Chicago, the more it can accom- 
plish for the community, and the more it can contribute in the field of art, 
literature, and philanthropy* 

Unfortunately, up to the present time, we do not see that the ccxmounitj leaders 
have been taking any actiye interest in a Jewish art institution which is 
also a great center for every kind of communal activity* Only a numbered 




II A 5 d (1) - 5 - JEWISH 

II D 10 

II D 3 Daily Jewish Coxirier, July 1, 1919. 

group of persons who are very much attached to Jewish literat\ire and art^ 
itopported the Jewish theater's struggle for existence this last season* 
If the Jewish theater were only an art institution it could not take the 
liberty of demanding patronage of people who are not interested in Jewish 
art and literature* But^ as we have shown by cold facts, it is also one 
of the greatest philanthropic and socio-economic agencies in the community* 
On these grounds it is the honorable duty of our conmninity leaders , who do 
not possess sufficient interest in art| to pay more attention to our Jewish 
theater since it spares them much work, effort, and anxiety* 

In closing we wish to ei^ress, in the name of all friends of Jewish art and 
literature, our thanks to the directors of the Empire Theater for their 
efforts to lift Jewish theater art in Chicago to a higher leTel, and for 
their honest attempts to give the Jewish public in Caiicago the best and 
most beautiful which our literature and theater art possess* 

Through their successful work, the directors comforted thousands of Jewish 
hearts, brought joy and health to broken Jewish souls, and aid to thousands 
of needy and unfortunates* 




II A 5 d (1) 

I C 



Ji 



■• -rriTj 



iiiV.ior: 



Daily Jev/ish Courier, June oO, 1919. 



LIORRIS 3CFWA3TZ .^TD LLlDAli ZILB:i3T i:[ IBSEN'S "aHOSTo" 

Toni,c:ht5 our .'^reat ^est artist, the younr actor, I.lr. Horris Schr;artz, v/ill 
present at the Empire Theater Ibsen's fanous draina "Ghosts." 

llr. Schvjartz will appear in the difficult leading role of Osv/ald Allwing. 

Participating^ in this special production will be the popular and talented 
dramatic artist, Lladam Liza Zilbert. She v/ill portray'- the beautiful dramatic 
role of Liadam Allwinr, 



The actress has coi.ie to Chica{_jo especially to play in this performance. 

VJe are certain that all lovers of classical drama and true art will come today 
en masse to pack the jlmpire Theater, and to rreet the ruest artists^ 




• • • 



II A 5 d (1) 



JiLWISH 




Sunday Jewish Courier , June 15, 1919 • 

SONIN 
By Dr. S. M. MeloBied 

Sonln as a type Is some thousand years old. We Jews, especially, are 
famllar with Sonln*s philosophy, which Is also clearly and classically 
propounded In the Bible, viz.. Eat and drink because It quickens our senses; 
eat and drink, for tomorrow v;e die anjrway. Ludwig IV issued the parable, 
"After me the flood, brother; but in the meantime we must live.** 

What Artslbashev did to make Sonln Interesting was to place him in a new 
sphere. Sonln, the tired Russian Revolutionist, desires suddenly to live 
wild and fast, letting others dream of the constitution. The philosophy 
of living one's life he teaches to his mother and sister, the latter ruined by 






■ ^ ^.v^■^^^:^•l-■' -^ ••«*."* »*V'* .i*.;»***c*j>*-'3>-ti*UU . 



n.j ... , c'A 



II A 3 d (1) - 2 - J^tflSH \^^, ^7 

Siinday Jewish Courier , June 15, 1919 • 

a charlatan off icer« 

Mr. Anshel Shor, a clever theatrical personage from Philadelphia, dramatized 
this novel. Not had, though the novel proper is only a nari^tive with a 
moral* In the drama, too, there are no developments of conflict, only 
episodes to characterize the personality of Sonin# Therefore, none of the 
actors have any great roles except the one who plays the lead, Mr. Samuel 
Goldenberg, a very versatile actor* 

As an actor, Mr. Gtoldenberg occupies first rank at present in the Jewish 
stage. Personally I do not know whether he "'s an engineer or an inventor, 
but he certainly is a great technician. He displays his talent not by 
great gestures or strong motions, but by small details that create a mosaic 



II A g d (1) 



- 3 - 



Sunday Jewish Courier . June 15, 1919 • 



JETilTISH 



picture which influences less through its colorful tones than through its 
fine delicate construction* Besides Mr. Goldenberg has three outstanding 
merits, namely, temperament, a lovely means of expression, and a fine 
figure. If he does not attract as a lyric tragedian or a grand supple 
comedian, he enchants as a clever actor rich in extemporaneous humor. He 
sings beautifully and plays well on the clavier. 

I could adduce many reasons why it is worth your while to see Samuel 
Groldenberg in "Sonin.** But since it is very hot and I am lazy to start 
so many themea, I beg that you believe me on my word. Children and girls 
under sixteen years not peraiitted, and model people should stay at home. 




Of the other members in the troupe who give very good performances, I wish 



II A 3 d (1) - 4 - JS?7ISH 

Sunday Jewish Courier. June 15, 1919. 

to mention Mr. Nathanson, Kr. Ayerlbach, the gifted Becky V/eintraub and 
Madame Weintraub. llr. Shveid's role not only brings forth his talent, but 
also his temperament* Kay he long live and smoke short pipes, because long 
ones are smoked only by suffering personages. The good Izzie Kesier cuts 
a splendid officer's figure, and if Becky Frank played Liidame German's 
role, it v;ould have been better for all concerned. 

There is beautiful singing in the drema, especially by Ayerlbach and Goldenberg. 
Good fun is delivered by Mr. Shraukler in his role as Denshtzik. Thank you, 
Mr. Goldenbergt Would that the same could be said of all Jewish actors. 




.-^•^ 



II A 5 d (1) 
I D 2 a (2) 



JEWISH 



Daily Jewish Courier, June 12, 1919* 



AT THE EMPIRE THEATER 




Our last guest artist, Llr. Leon Blank, who has so many admirers in 
Chicago, and who always plays here to a full house, has not been suc- 
cessful with his latest play. He, personally, acted as usual — just as 
the audience likes it. His failure, however, should be charged to his 
manager, Mr. Edwin Relkin, and to the New York Actors Union which tricked 
him. Mr. Relkin was guilty of sending him to Chicago too soon after his 
recent success here, and the Actors Union of sending him poor supporting 
actors. The Union seems to pity the unfortunates and receives them into 
its folds regardless of ability. Therefore, Mr. Blank was tricked. 
Naturally, the Union does not have to worry about its good actors; they 
make their own way in life. For that reason, it concentrates on these 
others, and when the opportunity presents itself, they are sent out. 



II A 5 d (1) - 2 - JSIVISH 

I D 2 a (2) 

Daily Jewish Courier , June 12, 1919. 

This possibly helps the individual player but is a great hindrance to the 
Jewish stage, for these players do not hold the Jewish audience. Later, 
\fldien a good troupe comes, the public becomes skeptical and unv/illing 
to attend, thinking only that they will be fooled again. Such actors 
only discredit the stage and its good actors. If the Union had the 
interests of the theater at heart, it wDuld be more careful to send out 
good supporting actors, and not ^hams'^ who will only ruin the theater. 
Vie hope that in the future LIr. Leon Blank will not permit himself to 
be led by the nose by either the Actors Union or his manager, Mr. Relkin. 
If he cannot get a better troupe than this present one, he should remain 
at home and enjoy the much-needed rest he is entitled to after such an 
arduous and successful season. 

The failure of Mr. Leon Blank is to be regretted since it followed so 
close upon his greatest theater success in Chicago. I am referring to 
his production of Peretz Hirshbein's ''The Blacksmith's Daughter" supported 
by the troupe of Mr* Morris Schwartz. This troupe was triumphantly 




II A 5 d (1) - 3 - JS^flSH 

I D 2 a (2) 

Daily Je\iri.8h Courier > June 12, 1919, 

successful. Both the plays that they presented in Chicago, '^The Forsaken 
Corner" and "The Blacksmith • s Daughter", were received by the audiences 
with indescribable enthusiasm. It appears that our Chicago public 
knows how to appreciate good plays and good actors. 

In "The Blacksmith's Daughter", Morris Schv/artz and Celia Adler gave 
such exceptional performances that the audience was simply enchanted 
by their acting. Such scenes as Chicago had never witnessed before 
delighted the audiences. The actors were literally carried on the 
shoulders of the crowd, while some even stopped to kiss 5tir. Schwartz. 
Celia Adler 's acting was one of wonder upon wonder. Often in the same 
scene, the entire range of human emotions was brought into play. 
Besides, she was original throughout in all her movements. Her role 
was so well portrayed that Mr. Hershbein can thank her as much as the 
public ^or the success of the perf orraanc^T^. 




II A 5 d (1) - 4 - jansH 

I D 2 a (2) 

Daily Jewish Courier > Jxine 12, 1919. 

Mr. Vichial Goldsmith played the role of a grandfather which the audience 
enjoyed immensely. Ludwig Zatz proved, with his small part in the foiirth 
act, that an artist can create something out of nothing. Feretz Hirshbein 
could never have believed that such an insignificant part as played 
by Ludwig Zatz in the ^'Blacksmith^s Daughter" could produce so much 
genuine humor and laughter. Now we can readily understand what chances 
Mr. Leon Blank could afford to have taken with his present troupe after 
these productions with Morris Schwartz, Celia Adler, Ludwig Zatz, and 
Vichial Gtoldsmith. 




II A 3 <l (1) 



For ward . June 10, 19^3* 



JZmISH 



'^^•' C^i ) mL3027i 



2inpire Tlier-tre 

Edwin Halkln ani AJishel Shore present,, for the first time in Cliicago, 

^ the ^reat Jewish Actor - . . 

•• Samuel (xoldenterg 

Together V/lth 
Beckj' Weintraub, 3eck^^ Trarik, 3orris Cverhauch, 
IsQ-dor Kasher, Hark S^rade, A. Goldstein, 
Zigmund Sl^mugler and Lucy ueruan 

in 

Sonin 

Friday and Saturda^^ 



(Adv. ) 






ri A 3 d (1) 



JiLWlbK 



Chicago Forward June 2, 1919 ^'^'' ^'^^-) ^HOj. 30275 

Empire Theatre Edwin Ralkin Presents 

The V/ell Known artist - Vr. Leon Blank 
In the most successful Comedy, The Shoe Lltker 

Tuesday, Yiednesday, and Thursday Evening, In Honor of Shabbuoth 
Friday evening, Saturday and Sunday llatinee and Evening. 

Advertisement 



II A 5 d (1) JS?7ISH 

Daily Jewish Courier > May 29, 1919. 

PSRETZ KIRSHBiillN'S ^FORSAKEN C0RK3R" 
AT THE liMPIRE THEATER 
By S. M. Melomed 

Peretz Hirshbein is one of those writers ;vho has a "cockeyed'' 
outlook on life and therefore sees things differently from most 
other people. He is a Jewish poet from the rural country, not 
simply a country man, but a true dyed-in-the-wool one. To this 
very day the tones of the village are more familiar to him than 
those of the city. By having a perverted outlook on life, and 
being one-hundred-per-cent rural, he was able to write "A Forsaken 
Corner,** a genuine Jewish fiery-drama of strong dramatic conflicts, 
tragic depth, and of unique Jewish beauty. If Peretz Hirshbein 
did not write under the influence of Hauptman, then he surely 
is a very original realist. His '-Forsaken Corner** reaches the 




II A 3 d l^) - 2 - Jg^VISH 

Daily Jewish Courier , May 29, 1919. 

heights of Hauptman's realism. 

If he had the good fortune to be born Hirshbein, we mean by that a 
poet with many marvelous talents, he also had the good fortune to 
meet Morris Schwartz, Ludwig Zatz, and Celia Adler, uhe three artists 
responsible for urbanizing "che country man and for putting life, 
motion, and passion into his play. 

'*A Forsaken Corner" is a drama in three acts. The first act is more than 
a poem, or naive folk lyric. The plot is very simple. Note, the grave- 
digger, has a daughter, Tzirele, who falls in love with Noah, the son of 
Hyman Hersh, the miller. Both Note and Hyman Hersh are lifelong 
enemies unto death, because the grave-digger wishes to quit his work 
to become a miller, thus giving Hyraan Hersh competition. Both are 



r ■ 
I t 1 



II A 5 d (1) - 3 - JB^VISH 

Daily Jewish Courier , May 29, 1919. 

strong, passionate, healthy folksmen, and like all country men, 
obstinate* They are neighbors who out of pure mutual animosity 
wish to do away with one another, stopping at nothing, setting 
fire, fighting, etc. 

Note, the grave-digger, meets a rich young lumber merchant who 
desires to finance his wish provided Note's pretty daughter Tzirele 
becomes his wife. But Tzirele loves Noah with the strength and passion 
of Nature's children. Noah returns this love. But the mutual deadly 
hatred of their fathers lies in their path. This hatred between the 
elders begins to assume such proportions that a catastrophe is inevitable. 
Tzirele runs away from her father, the grave-digger, and comes to Hyman 
Hersh's home where she is sheltered by his wife and son. At this moment 
of intense dramatic heights, old Tudrus, the grave-digger's father, 



II A 5 d (1) - 4 - JlT^nSH 

Daily Jewish Courier , May 29, 1919. 

arrives on the scene seeking to bring about peace. Tudrus has his 
son in hand, for hd is his con. After much efforts and talk, the 
elder succeeds in securing some control over Hyman Hersh, for he, 
the old man Tudrus, had officiated at the death of Hersh' s parents, 
offering their souls to Heaven. V/hen Hyman Hersh tries to remain obstinate, 
the old man cries aloud, "Lowly creature," and Hyman Hersh controls him- 
self. In the end Tudrus succeeds in bringing about peace between the two 
fathers, thus making it possible for Tzirele's and Noah's heart dreams 
to become a reality. 

V/e find in this drama a wealth of psychological phrases which are 
simple and rapturously beautiful. Here v;e see Note, the grave-digger, 
a Jew of about 50, strong, healthy, ;\lld, obstinate, clever, desiring 
to use his Strong fists. V/ith a whip in his hand he tries to force 
Tzirele to follow in his ways, but, at the crucial moment, in comes 



II A 3 d (1) 



- 5 - 



Jii^TISH 



Daily Jev:ish Courier , iiay 29, 1919. 

old Tudrus and reprimands hira, ITcte is still obstinate, .lien Tudrus 
shovjs hi.i the vmip, Note beco.-nes a nouse, • • . The big strong Ilote, with 
his long beard, stands before his aged father as Tsirele would stand before 
him. In this ex:^ression of true Jev;ish respect for parents, lies so much 
deep human culture, such as really only the Jev; can portray. 

These snail psycholor'iical phrases i.iake the play a Jewish one, and justify 
the happy ending. V/ith tv/o pov/erful heroes in the play, there must be a 
catastrophe, while a type like Tudrus is only possible among Jews. 



Now, tv;enty years after the draiia v/as v/ritten, it is being presented 
on the stage. I, at least, have never in my lifetime seen such realistic 
and extraordinary artistic actia^ in the Jev/ish theater. Only Max 
Reinhardt^s company in Berlin can in their actions call forth so much 
illusions as Ivlorris Schwartz and :iis troupe do in this play. 




II A 5 d (1) - 6 - ji^/rrsH 

Daily Jewish Courier > Ivlay 29, 1919 • 

Here Jewish tragedy is not presented with signs and tearing cloth 
( for the dead), but by means of wonderful mimic, through candid 
worthy acting and rythmic movements. 

The greatest surprise in this performance is not the roguish and 

beloved Celia Adler; neither is it Morris Schwartz, nor A. Goldshmidt, 

who play Hyman Hersh, the miller, and Note, the grave-digger. It is 

rather the comedian Ludwig Zatz, who here reveals himself as one of 

the greatest tragedians. He plays the old Tudrus. Portraying an 

old man can only be accomplished by mimic, not by motions, because 

an old man's motions are very slow and not individualistic. All 

grandfathers are of the same pattern except that each smells his 

tobacco in his own way, such is the standing tradition. Ludwig 

Zatz is a master in mimic. His art consists of a variation of expressions 

which form slowly and definitely the type of the old Jew, the old father, 



the clever elder. As he molds this character, he stands bofgre our eyes / o^ 

vo •'"/!. p, 




<b 



II A 5 d (1) - 7 - TfflTISH 

Daily Jewish Courier , May 29, 1919. 

so true and impressive that we cannot forget the picture he presents, 
everything else being soon forgotten except Tudrus as played by Ludwig 
Zatz. The old Tudrus is not simply a spirited live figure but also a 
deeply tragic one which suppresses its tragedy with the aid of the 
psalms. But, v/hen tragedy finally does pierce through suppression, 
it is heartbreaking, penetrating our senses and our hearts. 

iVhat makes Zatz the great artist is the simple way in which he works. 
He can awake the deepest, most touching tones from an ordinary "fiddle^' 
with only one string. In general Jewish actors work with drums and 
trumpets. Ludwig Zatz plays his most touching role on a small violin 
and creates an immense impression /Translators note: All this is 
figuratively speaking^ He is therefore unique in his art. 




II A 5 d (1) - 8 - JEWISH 

Daily Jewish Courier . May 29, 1919. 

Of Celia Adler, what more caii we say: "Her talent is inherited.^ 
She acts with her two large eyes and gracious movements. She is, 
in the play, only as she can be, the sweet coimtry maiden, all child, 
all girl, all woman. You have to know how to do it. But she knows, 
and let the Gods not envy her, though she earns their envy, - 

Morris Schwartz and A. Goldshmidt present their roles so artistically 
and characteristically that one might question: "V/ho gives the better 
performance?" Both present successfully the role of the obstinate 
country man in a true rural manner. 

If Iferris Stihwartz has reached his goal in acting, he attained it 
through mimic, but his duties are not as difficult as that of Ludwig 
Zatz, whose role is the stronger. Goldshmidt, on the other hand, v/ho 
plays no less brilliantly than Morris Schwartz, must portray motion ^j 




II A 5 d (1) - 9 - JEinSH 

Daily Jewish Courier . May 29, 1919. 

and so outdoes the role of Note, the grave-di ger, with extraordinary 
artsmanship. 

Under the direction of Morris Schwartz, Tanenholtz, playing the iiiiller*s 
son, and lover of Tzirele, improved in his art. He plays with a certain 
charm, developing his character as the play progresses. In the first 
act, Noah is quite a boy, in the last he is all man. His training under 
Morris Schwartz has greatly developed his acting ability. 

Boris Rozenthal, who plays Chatzkell, the lumberman, has but a small 
part from which we cannot ^udge his talents. The same may be said of 
the three women in the play, nanely, Rosa Rosenthal, who plays Note 
the grave-digger's wife; Sophia Nadalski, as the wife of Hymen Her^, 
the miller, and Sarah Filler in the role of a grandmother, a crazdjf 




c \ 



II -i 5 



d (1) 



- 10 - 



Daily Jewish Courier , .iuy 



J3V.'ISE 






1919. 



woman v;ho rcaiis the cenetery v;here her children lie buried. The two 
mother roles that Peretz Mirshbein created here are too conventional 
to give Iladane I^osenthal and Iladane Iladalski a chance to display 
their talent. 5arah filler, on the other hand, sets forth a fev/ 
interesting nhrases. 



How will^Chicaco welcone this nev; revelation of Jev/ish dramatic art 
and acti^. Does Chicago only v;ish to see Jews in comedy or is it 
interested enough to receive such a play as "The forsaken Corner" 
as presented by the artistic troupe of Hew York^s Irvine Place 
Theater? Unintellicent people need not so to see this play. 




II A 3 d (1) 



■ -i ■ -i 



Chicago Torward Uay 28, I9I9 

iBplre Theater 

Uonday eTenlsg* Jtoie 2 

Maorlee Sohwarts 

in 

''The Blaokonlth's Bao^liters" 

plus the two fayorites 

Celia Adler 
Ludvig Satz 

(Adv. ) 



JEWISH 

WPA (lLL)PR0j.3G275 



II A 3 d (1) 

Chicago Forward Majr 28, 1919 

Snpire Thef^ter 

Today and tomorrow enreaing, fclday, Satiirday and Sunday 

Uatinee and Srening 

The yonng artist 

Maurice Schwartz 

and onr two favorites 

Cella Adler 
Ludvlg Satz 

In 

"Aa Abandoned Comer** 



(Adv.) 



JEWISH 

WPA(!LUPROJ. 30275 



llll^ W?A (ILL) PRO/. 30275 



Forward, May 23, I9I9. 

He^brew Drama will "be presented in the Douglas Park Auditorium. 

A Bi"blical drama in k acts, "by M, Salkind will be presented Sunday, May 
25th, "by the students of the B^nai Zion Jewish Day Nursery School, iinder 
the supervision of their teacher Miss Bruche Mixeman. The plsy was per- 
formed several weeks ago and proved very successful. 



II A 3 d (1) 



Jorward , May 19, I919. 
Empire Theater* 

Up stairs and Downstairs 
Comedy and Music by Harry Kolomonovich 
Produced by Barris Tomashevsky 
Music ty Bunshlnky. 



JEWISH 



WFA (ILL,) PROj. 30276 



li A 5 d (1) JgtflSH 

Daily Jewish Courier , May 15, 1919, 

THEATRICAL AND MUSICAL 

Madame Melvina Lobel, the well-knovm dramatic actress, and Mr. Samuel Rosen- 
stone, the great lover and singer, with a good company of actors and ac- 
tresses, are now playing at the Empire Theater. They present '♦The Might of 
Conscience,** a sensational life pict\ire in four acts by William Siegel. 

Yesterday evening was the first performance. The play appealed strongly to 
the audience and is expected to draw more capacity houses. It will also be 
given tonight, Friday night, Saturday and Sunday matinee and evening. 

In the Lobel-Rosenstone Company we find the soubrette Sadie Shehngold. 




II A 3 d (1 ) JEWISH 

WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 

Forward s May 12, 19 19* 

Empire Theater • 

Welcome to Chicago* 

Jifaae* Malvina Lobel, r^# Samuel Rosenstein, the well known singer, Miss Sadie 
Sheingold, the young soubrette who will play for the first time in Chicago, 

The Strength of Con scien ce 

Wednesday, Thursday and Friday evening, May 14 - 15 - 16. 
Saturday euid Sunday matinee and evening, May 17 - 18» 



i 



II A 3 d (1) JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PROi. 30275 



Forward, May U, I919, 



Two Hassian dramas will be presented in the Empire Theater, by the well 
known Russian artists from N. Y. , Chicago, and Detroit. 

Monday evening. May 12th, I919. 

Lower Depths ^ 



II A 3 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PRQl 30275 
Forward. May 3. I919. 

Gartners Independence Theater, Friday and Saturday, Whom Does 
She Love,_ 

A drama in 3 acts, Siinday matinee and evening, A Man and His Con- 
science ♦ 

Monday to Thursday, Money Love and Shame , in 3 acts. 



II A 5 d (1) 
I B 3 a 



I3WISH 



Daily Jev/ish Courier > Llay 1, 1919. 

TELiTRICLL i\:TD LIU3IC.iL 

David Kessler, the noted Jewish actor, and his iiovthy company, are play- 
ing at present at the ^rapire Theater, 

ilr. Ilessler opened yeoterday evening v;ith "Lost Hope," which took the 
audience by storm. The s^me play v/ill be presented tonight and tomorrov/, 
Friday evening. ..Iso Saturday and Sunday, natinee and evening. 

"Lost Hope," New York critics sa^;-, is one of Z. Libin^s most powerful and 
thrilling dramas. It depicts the deplorable family tragedy of an ill- 
suited marria e, and the sufferings of a father for his unfortunate child. 

In the Kessler company we have the following talent: L'ladame Ray Schnayer, 
Liadame Becky .^einshtoib, Becky Frank, i:r. Jacob Frank, iJ?. Louis ITyman, 
and, to Chicago theater-goers, that so well knov/n soubrette. Hiss Rosetta 






:'i^M' 



<y 



II A 5 d (1 ) 
I B 3 a 



- 2 - 



JSi/ISH 



Daily Jewish Courier > llay 1, 1919. 



Bialis. 



lass Rosetta Bialis has played this season at the Eighth Street Theater, 
Philadelphia, attaining great success. For next season she v/ill be 
Chicaso's o\m, being induced by Llessers. Shugarberg and Paulee to play 
in their itepire Theater company. 

Mr. David Kessler is one of the most outstanding and significant Jewish 
actors that the Jewish stage possesses, and his coming to Chicago should 
be acclaimed by everyone. 

As expected, the play •♦The Riddle .Voman," in which Lladame Bertha Kalish 
portrays the heroine, is a huge success. The V/oods Theater, where it is 
now showing, is filled to capacity every night. I.'any admirers of the 
great artist must be turned away because the '♦house is sold out.'' To 






•S 



•» . f 



V ■/ 



'-../ 



II A 3 d (1 ) - 3 - JEiiJSE 

I B 3 a 

Daily Jewish Courier. May 1, 1919* 

secure a good seat, one must get tickets three or four days in advance. 

The press greeted Itodame Kalish with a hearty reception. All critics of 
large newspapers in Chicago are enthused by her splendid performance, her 
fine diction, and her majestic appearance. LHore people come, not so much to 
see the play, than to see Madame Kalish. She is the center of the show* 

Messers. Paulee and Shugarberg have this Monday closed the season of their 
Empire Theater performances by giving a banq.uet for actors and reporters of 
the press. At this affair, l^. Shugarberg announced the coming engagements 
for next season to be opened sometime in the last days of August, with a 
cast which includes Miss Rosetta Bialis, Mr. and Li!rs. Krohner, Mr. and l-Irs. 
Bulman, David Scheinholtz, Vasha Rosenthahl, Harry Hochstone, and the noted 
Prima Donna Madame Clara Rafalo. 










II A 5 d (1 ) - 4 - JEV/I3H 

I B 3 a 

Pail:' Jev/ish Courier , I.'ay 1, 1919. 

This is not the comolete ensemble for the ^^pire Theater. I'ore talent 
not nor forthconing will soon be announced b;' the Manageinent. 

At nres9nt they are busy with ^attractions for the su;irier season, to be 
presented first with David Kessler and conpany. 

Eighteen performances were presented at the Empire Theater by Leon Blank. 
Kis v/as both a moral and a financial success. 

During six of the eighteen days, it rained and was generally bad weather, 
but the audiences came, filling the theater from end to end. 

l»!r. Leon Blank may truly state that the Jewish theater-goers of Chicago 
are with and for him, notwithstanding circu:astances outside the theater. 
Sorrowful nev;s from across the seas, the various glamorous amusements 






o\ 



* ■ A .? 

V 



II A 5 d (1) 
I B 3 a 



- 5 - 



je;;ish 



Daily Jewish Courier , I^y 1, 1919. 

here have not hindered them f I'on coning to see hin* Jev/ish theater 
lovers in Chicago, now ask: **VJhen '.'/ill I'r. Blank visit us again?" 




II A 3 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



WPA('LL}PROj.302/i 



Torjjard, April 29, I919 
Empire Theater. 



Edwin A. Relkin presents the greatest Jewish artist David Kessler with an 
ensemble of the outstanding actors on the Jewish stage. 

Wednesday evening, Saturday and Sunday matinee and evening - May 1 - 2 - 
3 - U, The Lost Hope , Life drama in U acts hy Z. Luhin, 



II A 3 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



WPA fill,) pro;. 3027' 



Forward. April I9, I9I9 



Empire Theater. On Monday evening April 2Sth, I919, Mr. Leon Blank will bid 
farewell to the public. He will play, "The Wild One." 



■'W 



II A 3 d (1 ) 



Forrard, April 1^, 1S19. 



Gartner's Independence Theater 
12th St. near Independence Blvd. 

Sunday, m-tinee and evening 
The great corned;^' laugh 



ti-Lv. ± >^i^ 



WPA (ilL.) ?m. 30275 



A Guer,t from the Future Tcrld. 



II A 3 d (1 ) 



JEVISH 



i'^AOLL) PRO,, 3027 



Forward , April 18, 1919. 



Gartner •s Independence Theater 
I2th St. near Independence Blvd» 

In Honor of the Holiday, 7/e will present on 
Friday evening and Saturday 

A Beautiful Comedy 
My Wife^s Family 
in 3 acts* 



II A 3 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



m(^^^^-^'^ 



Forward . April 18, 1919. 

Gartner* 8 Independence Theater 
12th St. and Independence Blvd. 

Monday, Tuesday matinee and evening 
VITednesdey and Thursday evening 
The most beautiful realistic play 

The Picture of Life. 



n A 3 d (1) 



?T^T en 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



Chico.^o ?orv;:'.r.s April 11th, I5I9. 

G-ertner' s Inr'fpendcnce Thf^r.tre 

The staff 0* G-ertner^s Ir^^^^Denc^rnce Ther-ter is •vcrhinr v-^ry harr^ to ^et the theater 
clean in tir.e for Passov-^r at wh--* ch tine Uv, G-^rtri'='r will ^r^sent Brinc.ely Cossack 
as £niest artist. 



To-d.-^y an'^ to-morro^r, thp t-ieater is o:^"pring Crime a.nr! Piinishne nt; and Simr'ay 
matinee snd evenine; His First 'iVifp, a rrielocrr'^n-ia l^y S'-nmel Coh'-^n, 



II A 3 d (1 ) 



JKVISH 



^P^ OIL) FROl 30275 



Forward t April 11, 1919, 
The Empire Theatre* 

The Empire Theatre is proud to present Mr, Leon Blank, a Jewish artist, 
in the play -A Friend in Life." It will be shown the 15th, 16th, 18th, 19th 
and 20th of April, matinee and evening* 



II A 3 d ( 1) 



JEWISH 



WPA(iLL.)PR0J.3U275 



Forward . April II, 1319. 

TiJmpire Theatre. 
"Take care of your Daughters**, a musical comedy will be presented for the 
first time in the City of Chicago at the Empire Theatre. The play will be 
shown on the evening of April 12th, 13th, Friday and Saturday and Sunday 14th, 
matinee and evening. 



II A 5 d (1) 
II B 1 b 



JEVffSH 



Daily Courier > Apr. 10, 1919. 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



JSTh^SH ACTRjBSES Oil TTIE AMiffiIC.\IT ST..CE 

Never before has the American stage in Chicaco seen such an array of famous 
Jevash actresses as now. The show at the Playhouse, now on its tenth v/eek, 
is a success, despite the fact thct the play has little literary value. 

The star of the play, Lliss Elizabeth Brice, is alone responsible for this 
gigantic success. 

Miss Brice possesses all the qualities of a great artist; personality, refine- 
ment, character, looks, beauty, grace, and a very sv;eet, mellov/ voice. 

A, 

Throughout the play, she keeps her audience enchanted with her loveliness, poise 
and charm. 



Her lively and rhythmic gestures create an enchanted atmosphere which even the 
most pessimistic enjoy. 



II A 5 d (1 ) - 2 - Jg;JISH 

II B 1 b 

WPA iWL) ^'^^y, 2[U]z 

Daily Courier > Apr. 10, 1919. 

A similar reputation is enjoyed by Ivliss Vivian 3e/^al, who appears as 
leading lady in the musical conedy **0, Lady, Lady," at the La Salle Theater. 

Hiss Segal has been only three years on the stage and already has made her- 
self very popular. 

Miss Segal is proud of being the daughter of a Russian Jev/ish immigrant, not 
following the custom of many Jewish stage and opera stars who generally hide 
their Jev;ishness by changing their names. 

Being possessed of a strong and pleasant dramatic voice, Lliss Segal expects 
to make grand opera her career. 

iie meet other Jewish stars in the dramatic field: one is Miss Frances Lorimar, 
whose Jewish name is Adler, niece of the world famous Jewish actor, Jacob 
Adler. She climbed the ladder of success step by step, and has been on 
the stage for the last ten .yeaifd. Miss Lorimar became famous through a 
mere coincidence: once she ha-d to substitute for a famous actress and did it 
so well that ever since she has been assigned to star roles. 



II A 5 d (1) - 3 - JE^nSR u,PA ,M. , .„., „^.^^ 
II Bl \> ' ^^'^^'' ^"^^ "^^^275 

Daily Courier > Apr. 10, 1919 • 

Another great Jewish actress on the American Stage is Hiss Bertha Kalish, 
who will start next week at the Vfoods Theater • 

Miss Kalish is at present considered the greatest tragedienne on the Ameri- 
can stage. She possesses a winning personality. 

Liadame Kalish lives in a v/orld of art and beauty. In her spare time, she 
takes her brush and paints and draws magnificent sceneries. Some claim that 
she has intimate abstractions in colors and hues. 

As in New York, her performances in Chicago will be no doubt a success, for 
Madame Kalish has here many admirers of art and beauty* 



II A 3 d (1) 



JEWISH 



I E 



W?A OIL) p,Oj, 3027i 



Forward, .Varch 19, 1919. 

Attnouncemerts. 

The United States Lodge 78, of the Progressive Order of the Tes*?, is giving a 
theatrical perforniance tonight, at the 

Empire Theater, 



pany of the Empire Theater. 



The Jewish Crown will be played by the entire com- 



All P. 0. 7/. members, come and bring your friends. The box office will be open 
after 2 P. lH. to exchange tickets. 



II A 3 d (1 ) 
II B 1 d 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



Forward s March 16, 19I9» 

Aimounceraent: Grand Celebration. An Anniversary Night* 

In honor of the tfen years existence of the Literary Dramatic Society, a celebra-. 
tion will take place Saturday night April 5th, when the famous drama that made its 
success in New York - The Desolate Spot, in 4 acts, by ?• Hirshbein - will he pre- 
sented* The author himself, Mr. Hirshbein, is coming here especially to direct his 
drama, which will be given in the Central Music Hall, Van Buren and Michigan sts. 
Mr. Hirshbein will speak betv/een the acts. Tickets can be purchased at the For- 
ward, at the Cooperative restaurant, and from the members of the Society* 



II A 3 d (1) 



rorv/- ra 






v^ .*y < • X .^ .. i 



WPA f!LL,) PRCJ. 3C275 



Announce -.c^ts 



Ijinjir-: Ilieatre 



rue oar* 



■Q.PTo-T' f 



V^' ^ — \/ 









» — , n r* j'^ : -• 



. . l..<v ^ ^^ - 1 J.. .1. u . 1 

-»-, ^^ r^ '•', '> •>•♦ .~i "f 



n - 1 T» 






^% -. 









Vw^ 






.-^i-rice ^.^ore 



r^oa-n J;^r--Ji Adler 

in the le ''in._ role. 

' t^ l':o j-nt Ire cr^st . 






er 



n A 1 d (1 ) 

II D 10 
II D 3 






WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



.re 



..arcn 



^^ )i 



1 O'' O 



Today anr to-n^rrov - tvo t-:;r-efit ;:crfor ■:-ricef-: 
f -* the Denver 3:in:.t''-rii:n f-^r C'*^nr';'notlves. 



^■'•'.e j:.'^'. 






The P'-nver Sanitaririrn h- :; fro-: 5tr5 "heglnnin^ "been a ,:;r^^ t hel; to 
those u.nfortanatec v;ho L:\ffer f ro t th-t irdrstrial disease conscription. 
It l*s an irctlt-tion th:^-t ^"ell dercr-^^c^G th^ financial a'.f anc! assistance 
of the Je'^lsh niaBses. 



v-^ 



famo'is .rtlst Mme. oarvih A:^ler will pla:^ for the first jerformance 



,sr-\^v»"^ ""^T^-^r"- "Oa^''^^*'' 



11 A 3 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PROJ, 30276 
Forward s February 28, 19 19* 

Anno uncement s • 

Zuckerberg back from New York - Will soon open his new bag of tricks. 

Something new is expected in the theatrical world* Hrshel Zuckerberg (the 
Prime Minister) of the Empire, who was visiting New York for the last two weeks 
is returning, with packs and bags of new tricks for the Chicago Jewish theatre 
goers* 

In the Chicago theatrical circles, it is well known, if Zuckerberg is re- 
turning from a trip in the east, he must bring with him something new, something 
surprising* Zuckerberg tells what he has accomplished in New York* First of 
all he divided the heritage with Edwin A Relkin* Relkin will be the King of the 
East and Zuckerberg the King of the West* Zuckerberg will send out companies, 
from .Chicago to towns and cities in the west* Zuckerberg 's power in the west is 
well known by Relkin* 



t J - » •- 



Page 2 

II A 3 d jl) 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PROj. 30275 



Forward, February 28, 1919. 



For next season Mr. Zuckerberg engaged a well known actress for the Empire, 
which is a loss for New York, and that is the famous soubrette, Dora Weisman* 

As to plays, Mr. Zuckerberg has arranged with the Author's League of New 
York, which peroiits him to present in Chicago all the plays that are being 
played in New York* 



J EWISH 

II ^3 4(1) '^Pw.-., 

P0HWA3DS, -yehraary 2U. 1913. "" ^''-W P%)j. 30^75 

Empire Tlieatre 

Welcome our guest - Tlie ^^aeen of the Jewish sta^e - Madam Sarah Adler. 

A week of Art, 

Friday and Saturday night 'Feb, 2S and llarch 1st, 

First a-'pearance of our guest artist Lladam Sarah Adler in Count lolstoy^s 
Resurrection, 

Sunday night Mar, 2d - UadaTi Sarah Adler 

In JacoT) Gordon's Masterpiece -True Power 

Sat. Matinee -Madam Sarah Adler in Grod's Punishment, "by Z.Lebin 

Sun, Matinee Madam Sarah Adler, in -Without a Home, "by 

Jaco'b Gordon, 



ii A ^ a u> 



?orv-Tard . ?e"bruar:: 22, 19 19 

Annoigncement 

Gartners Independent Theatre 

12th Street near Independence 31vd, 



Saturday Free Love by Cohen 

Siindac^ The TTeddin^ ITight 

(Llatinee ^z ITight) 

Matinee at 2:15 P.M. 
jlvenin^s at 7-0 ?.'.!. 



WPA (ILL) PfiOj. 30275 



II A 3 d (1) 



JE-JflSH 



^^^^ OIL) PP,Ol 30275 



Forward ^ February 14, 1919 • 
Eknpire Theatre* 



— ? 



As long as B* Bernstein is in Chicago, we shall laugh* Who else, besides 
Bernstein can make the audience so happy? 

Friday night, Saturday matinee and night, Sunday matinee and night, February 
14th, 15th, and 16th, we present 

The Awakening* by Uoses Richter* 

Mr* Bernard Bernstein - - - in a comical role* 

Mr* David Levenson - - - - in a interesting character role* 

MrF* Sally Shore ----- in a brilliant mother role* 

Miss Ida Goldstein - - - - -in her exceptional success role* 

Mr* Bakshitsky ------ in an interesting father role* 

Miss Erber -------- -in a juvenile role* 

Mr* Harry Hochstein - - - - in an opportune role, to display his art. 



II A 3 d (1) 



JEWISH 



W?A (ILL) PKDJ. mjb 



Forward , February 10, 1919* 

BSnpire Theatre, Madison and Hals ted St« 

Pauley and Zukerberg, Managers • 

Tonight, Madam Clara Rafala - Mr. Morris Kroner with the assistance of the 
entire artist cast* 

In a Mother^s Heart 
Tlie best seats for ladies, 25j^» 



II A 3 d (1) 



JE-.VISH 



^'^ CU ) PROJ, 30 



275 



Forward^ February 9, 1919 • 

Gartner's Independence Theatre • 
12th St. and Independence Blvd. 

Friday and Saturday will be played 

Sarah from 12th St > by S. Kohn. 

Sunday - Matinee and night 

The Sold Soul 
Tuesday night, February 11th, a performance to honor Mr* Gartner 

The Maniac - by Jacob Gordon, with the consent of 
Mr* Jacob P« Adler* 



II A 5 d (1) JMJSE 

III A 

Daily Jewish Courier , June 6, 1918. 

TFIEATER NOTICES 
Northwest Side Jews Get Their Own Theater 

Samuel B. Grossiaan and a company of select actors open toraorrov; night at 
the Crown Theater, with Libbin^s "One Law for Both". 

It is an old, old rule that your own/tliin^/^^®^^ sweeter than the other 
fellow's; that your own is lODre honored and loved than the other fellow's; 
that your own is nearest to your heart. We recalled this rule now for this 
reason: the Northv/est Side Jews have lived long enough to obtain finally a 
theater of their own — a thing that they have v/anted for some time. 

Mr. Samuel B. Grossman, an old-time Chicago actor, is the one who has earned 
the thanks of the Northwest Side Jews for this gift. And let the Y'Yasher 
Ko-ach (literally, Llay He confirm your power, figuratively. Congratulations 



2 ^.?.^. 



II A 5 d (1) - 2 - jaiiOSH 

III A 

Daily Jev/lsh Courier , June 6, 1918. 

and thanks) be expressed immediately. 

Mr. Grpossman has truly estimated the great need that the Jews of that neigh- 
borhood have felt for a theater of their own. And he took the trouble to 
obtain the biggest and nicest theater that the Northwest Side has, namely, 
the Crown Theater, at Division Street and ilshland Avenue. This theater has 
sixteen hundred comfortable seats and a large stage. And tomorrow nighty it 
will open as a Jewish theater with Z. Libbin*s successful drama of life, 
♦'One Law for Both". The play is one of the best that Libbin has written. 
And besides tomorrow (Friday) night, it will also be played Saturday liatinee 
and evening. 

For the Sunday IJatinee and evening performances xir. Grossman has arranged to 
present the four-act liusical comedy, '•The Passionate Girl'', by M. Goldberg. 
It will imdoubtedly make a great hit with the public because of the fine 
songs and even finer humor that this work contains. In a word, this summer 



II A 3 d (1 ) - 3 - ja?ISH 

III A 

Daily Jev/ish Courier > June 6, 1918. 

will be a lively one on the ITorthy/est Side, and we hope that, with God's 
help, v;e shall be able to enjoy it. 

The certain success of the Crown as a Jewish theater lies not only in the 
fact that Lir. Grossman stands at the head of this undertaking and will cer- 
tainly direct all his efforts towards satisfying the public. The success is 
also guaranteed because together with Mr. Grossman there will always appear 
a company of select actors who are particularly well trained to amuse the 
public because they have had conside3?able stage experience. The actors are: 
Ivtp. Ziggelob and Lliss Rubin, both of New York; Llr. Nusbaum, llr. Yanover, and 
many others who are well qualified to perform on the Jev;ish stage. 

It is therefore expected that the Jews of the Northwest Side will knov; how to 
appreciate their own theater and will actually come tomorrow evening to cele- 
brate the opening of the Crown Theater. For tomorrov; will be a holiday on 
the Northwest Side; and all must be present at a holiday celebration. 



II A 5 d (1) 
II B 1 d. 



JE'/I^H 



Daily Jewish Courier , Lay 1, 1918. 

mR. JACOB BICIT Aivll A GUEST IN GlilG^GO 

The faiaous Jevdsh actor, Lr. Jacob Ben iini, arrived in Chicago yesterday and 
will be the guest of the local Literary-Dramatic society. 

Under the sponsorship of the League of Literary-Dramatic Societies, i^. Ben 
Ami will give a perfor/aance at the local haymarket Theater on the eleventh and 
twelfth of Liay, presenting Cssip Deenov's ''The Hired Groom". Ke vail begin 
shortly to rehearse with the members of the local Dramatic Society, vAio will 
appear in this literary and beautiful tragicomedy. lo*. Ben Ami v/ill play the 
role of the "hired groom'\ 

Jacob Ben Arai is one of the most talented young actors in iiiaerica. Although 
he has been in /jaerica only a few years, he has attained a great reputation 
as an artist. In all the plays in which he appeared in New York he dis- 
tinguished himself and made an impression in the theatrical world. 




II A 5 d (1) . 2 . Jir.'-ISH 
II B 1 d 

Daily Jevash Courier , :.xay 1, 1918. 

Ee once appeared in Chicago several years af-o and here also met xvith great 
success. 



' 1 



/ 



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I A 3 

II B 1 e 



JEWISH 



Daily Jev/ish Courier, Apr. 11, 1918, 



Tik; je;7Ish thii.atiijl:; in Chicago 



By I* Dua 

The local Kayinarket Theatre, under the direction of Jacob Palei and 
Joseph Kessler, is about to close its present season as a permanent 
Jewish Theatre in Chicago, leaving the stage to the llev; York guests, 
who will appear in all their glory before our public in their "success- 
ful dramas" which "took New 'iork by storm" earlier in the season. 



As is usually the custom, such a situation affords us the opportunity 
to give a general review of the plays pre.'ented during the season and 
to reviev/ what the theatre gave to the public, and what it received in 
return. 

Were we to adhere to the established custom, v/e would begin with the 
opening of the ..eason seven months ago, and analyze everything v/hich has 
been presented since that time. 






II A 5 d (1) - 2 - JEWISH 

I C 

I ±\. '5 Daily Jewish Courier, Apr. 11, 1918. 

II B 1 e 

But let*s liiake an exception in th-s particular case, and try to satis- 
fy ourselves v;ith only a fei; short reiiiarks about the plays given and 
the players, who entertained the local public. 

Soiae two dozen dramas, melodramas, comedies, operetta.^ and plays of the 
old repertoire, as viell as some new classics were presented at the liay- 
market Theatre in the past season, -^imone: then were also some literary 
plays, which satisfied, more or less, a cultured audience. But when 
you examine the complete repertoire, then the '*literary^* pl^^y is complete- 
ly lost in the mountain of tra^'h which was constantly presented. 

iVho is to be blamed? Certainly not the r.ianagementl The theatrical direct- 
ors are businessmen first of all; /"they are^T" people for whom the theater 
exist; for profit, and i.iainly frol^i this standpoint is a play accepted or , 
rejected. The taste and likes of the public, upon whom the exi.^t^nce of ■ 
the theater depends, determine the quality of the J)lay. 




♦. -^ 



II ;. 5 d (1 ) 

I 

I .. 3 

II B 1 e 



3 



JEVilSH 



Daily «^"evdsh Courier , .-^^r. 11, 1918. 



Although v;e do not prefer to see it thii:; i/ay, the fact rei.iai.is that the 
public would rather be entertained by a filtliy play than b^/ a fine literary 
one, from which it receives little amusement. This means that the manage- 
ment ib coiipelled to present only plays which appeal to the ^-eneral public. 

This is an ancient, bitter truth in ref:ara to the Jevlsh Theatre in general 
and Chica.'O is no excef^tion. 



«;h.en vou bear in n'nd that the theatre ha:"> alv;ays been looked UDon a^^^ an 
educational institution for the riia ses, you are overpowered with rloomy 
foreboding when vou hear all the cynical songs, the foolish couplets and ; -; v, - a ^ 
stale v;it, which are iuevit-bly found in the artificial J"ewish Plays. \^^ * " '^^ 




Usually it is ex*oected that the theater should maintain, to a certain 
deo:rce, a local charact.^r to attract t:.e public. In the past season, 
when the present h^ymarket L^ana^^ement oi-ned the .Jmpire Theatre, this v/as 
the ca;..e. In fact there were presented Leon ZolotokoffTs "Zalr.an Troubadour" 
and Jonah Spivak's "Daniel Deronda" — tv;o presentations of a higher quality, 
v/ritten by Chicago authors, and which, contrary to general expectations, 



II A 5 d (1) 

I G 

I .^ 3 

II 3 1 e 



- 4 - 



JEVISE 



Dail;.'' Jev:ish Courier, .Inr. 11, 1918 



were [greatly liked by the local public. 

Unfortunately, this cannot bo saicl about the liaynarket Tlieatre's present 
season. Local tyr^es ana cliaractcri sties v/.re absent. I.ost of the plays 
v;ere iiaported from Ue\ Yor!:, and it seeiaed that Chica{;*o has no productions 
of its ov>n, but ha., been fed hy th^^ blessings of that other city. 

Did this benefit the local Jev/ish theatre? 



V/e*d rather leave it for the public to decide. The public knov;s the answer, 
as v;ell as v/e do. 




'.vhile on the subject of the Jev;ish liayiiiarket Theater season, v/e v/ish to take 
this opTX)rtunitv to sav a fev; words about the actors, v;ho for seven months 
played under the direction of I'x. Joseph i^essler. The business manager was 
the untirinc Jjcob Falei, vjell-knovm to tlie local public as the most capable 
worker in the Chicara Jewish theater. 



II A 5 d (1 ) 
I C 

I A 3 

II B 1 e 



- 5 - 



Daily Jev;ish Courier , Apr. 11, 1918 



JiilUISH 



Lladam Bella Goodinsky, as the niain "star," ha.' undoubtedly won the r^eat" 
est recognition from all vjho love the Jevjish theater^ She appeared during 
the season in a number of beautiful roles, thus establishing herself as 
a first-rate actress. This is the impression she leaves in Chicago now. 



Jacob Hochstein, who played only the first half of the season, v/as as 
successful as Liadam Goodinsky. His appearance in first and second roles 
in the plays greatly appealed to the local public. 

Louis Bockshitsk3^, v/hom tne Chicago public knows well from the previous 
two seasons, again v;on well-earned recognition a3 one of the most sympa- 
thetic character players, v.ho possesses great talent and understanding. 




Benny Adler, also not a newcomer to Chicago, who caiae here in the middle 
of the season, again showed what an interesting actor he is, and how much 
intelligence he brings to his characterizations. 



II A 5 d (1) - 6 - JBIV/ISH 

I C 

I A 3 Daily Jewish Courier , Apr. 11, 1918. 

II B 1 e 

Madam Emma Augenbiick, v/hose various talents v/ere seen two years at the 
Empire Theatre, has again demonstrated, during this season, hov/ much progress 
she has made in her acting, thereby receiving the applause of the audience, 
v/ho recognize her as an actress of great interest. 

Also I/Ir. David Shoenholtz, the well-knovm Chicago comedian, had a successful 
season* The following excelled in their performances; 




\ 



LIr. and Mrs. Schrage, Mr. Goldstein, Llr. Silverstein, Lliss Helen Siebel, /^^^upi^ % 
Miss Rosetta Bialis and Ivir. Augenbiick, who have taken their proper placeslc ^' ^^"/^ 



on the stage and are trying to satisfy the local theater-going public. x^ 

In closing the season, the Ilaymarket Theatre v/ill present tomorrow evening, 
and Saturday and Sunday iTiatinee and evening, Leon Cobrin's ^Strings of Life," 
with the entire cast. 

Next Monday evening, the farewell presentation will be Sigmund Feinman's 
"The Mute." 



•■■■■■'■■•■■'■■■■■■■■■■'■■■■■• [•.'.'■.';-- . "J. ' '*"- .','^:..i,^:S , '■ .-„ ■>■".'!;- -'V" ■ t •■■■■(■■■■■■■iH 












^I WPA (III.) PEQJ.30275 



The' Dally World» December 3f 1917« i^^^^^^^ o^ -^^ . ? 






■ii-;*-t vv* y 



THE JEWISH 'fflEATER.^Tt PANACEA FOR PHILANTHROPICAL^. '■*::' :'-ilM^i^M$M'^" 



:^^.*.r.., ...^"■-■^ PURPOSES. ■■.•■■■ '■'■''■^y-4f'''-^:Sm'V'-7^- 



^'''''S'l$-M0^ (By Joseph Mendelsohn) - 






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In add! ton to the cultural peart that the Jewish theater plays In the life 
of the Jewish populatiottf it is also an importemt faotor in raising 
great sums for various philanthropio purposes* r^ f -^^ 

- • ■ •-■-.--t, ■■ ■ .;-x * . . - » . • 

••• .- ■.■'.. '• '■' ■^^■'ii' '■'■ •■ 

There is hardly an orgahi zati on j'^ lie ginning w^ the Workmen's Circle 
down to the smallest vereint that do not ^approach the Jewish theater, 
from time to time, as a relief measure in time of need« 






Upon a report, by the treasurer^ that there Is a deficit in the treasuryt 
an affair is arranged in a Jewish theater and the deficit is covered • If 
r an unfortunate incident occurs to a member of an organisatiottf it is under- 
stock that the theater must come to his aid; if a verein wishes to enrich 
its treasury, there is no better method than to currange a theatrical bene«» 
fit affair; if the Denver Sanitarium for Consumptives is in need of moneyt 



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II A 3 d (1) 
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JEIYISH 



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Ihe Daily Worlds December 3» 1917» 






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a theatrical performance is presented and money is raised* This methodf^ 
of raising money* is so popular cuaong the organizations that three evenings^ 
during the week* throughout the winter season, devoted to various benefits 
performances* ^d very seldom does it occur that m benefit does not ^1 ^ v 

have succsssful results* v . . .■ ■^ ^■,;^-.-M~^"'^''^ 

; •-,,•'■ ^ ■•'.' -. „■- .\. ■■'- ' V" -■.. .- '"^ ', .■ .' . .r-^ '^■;^-i'-f':^rf-' ,:- ■ -_ 

It usually happens, when the aXfair is arranged by a small organizationt^ 
that the entire house Is not sold out; nevertheless, there remains a 
profit* Very small organizations engage only a small part of the theater*. 
Y/here does the secret of the success lie, which the benefit performances 
constantly meet? ^v. ,-....,/; . ";-..-:-' 









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That the Jewish race is £ book has been known in the past* Ttie written 
word was ailway the basic foundation of the Jewish race* Willingly or ^^i. 
unwillingly* the nation must agree that the Jew contributed a great deal 
to science and wisdom* .,;-^^' -^ . . 



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II A 3 d (1) - 3 - Jg-ISH 



I C 



'VPl /!! f \ 



The Dally World. December 3, 1917» 



'^^M'Li..)PR0J.3Q27f 



Artf in the name of artfis yet a bit foreign to him^ It matters not how 
artful, how literary a performance may be, if it does not contain a bit of 
substantiality, it will not interest the average Jew» 

ThereforOf if a performance is announced for a specific philanthropic purpose, 
there remains no doubt the Jew as to whether he shall go« The performance may 
not even be successful, it matters little, however, the purpose is important* 
There is another reason for the financial success of the benefit performances* 

The theater is a panacea for charity purposes in s secretive way: They amuse 
themselves and at the same time help somebody* It happens, as if, one knew to 
whom the money is contributed* Who ever accepts the donations, does not feel 
lowered* 

There are the two secrets upon which the financial success of the theatrical 
benefit are based* Therefore the theater is doubly important to Jewish life* 



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II A 3 d (1) JgWISH 

iChe Dally World , Vor. ik, 1917* ^'P^ (IIU PRCJ. 3(/Z/5 

THIS ZVMIIO^S CELSBRATION IN IBB HAIUiBEET TSMTSS 

By Joseph Mendel son 

A benefit performance In honor of Ur. Joseph Kessler, Star and Director of the 
Haymarket Cheatre, will he held this evening* 

A part of the history of the Jewish Theatre In Chicago will be associated with 
tills evening's affair* It Is* therefore* worthwhile to consider the local 
theatre In general* and the role that Ur. Eessler played In Its development for 
the past few years* 

When speaking of the development of the theatre. It does not only mean the progress 
that the theatre has made In Its cultural sense. It also means the niimerlcal ex- 
pansion of theatrical attendants, who were attracted by the theatre throughout the 
eourse of Its existence. 

The cultural side: If one should be strict, uncompromising, the decision could 
be es^ressed In one word - poor* And not only In Chicago* The Chicago theatres 
derive their benefits from the New Toxk theatres* And If any criticism should be 
given. New Tork, with Its art teii;)les. Is above all* 

However, this Is not the only reason for the cultural failure of the local theatres* 



- 2 - 

II A 3 d (1) JBTISH 

Th e Daily World . Kov. lU, 1917# .,,n, ,. , . ^ 

— ^^^ WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

They, who are Interested in the Jewish Theatre and who are often Ti si tors of the per- 
formances, will argue that Joseph Eessler attempted, more than once, to drive trash 
from his theatre* 

However t the result was - a vacant theatre. 

Whose fault was it, the management, the actors? Neither* 

The management was interested in one thing only - the financial success of his 
theatre* lach play that resulted in a packed house, is considered hy the manage- 
ment as the hest in Jewish repertory* 

And if the play is actually a litereoy one, the management will certainly not hesi<- 
tate to run this play for many wseks, if it only satisfies the treasury* 

It is certainly not the actor's fault* They would like to appear in literary plays. 
Impersonate types and characters lAo are artistically inclined* Uore than once an 
actor boasted that he afip eared in Gordon's repertoire, in Scholom Asch's plays* 

Ben Ami, Mark Schwade, and other actors, who possess a sense of fine acting and 
who would certainly not like to lose their reputation as intelligent actors, must 
still appear in "Hannah in America," and in similar trash. 



II A 3 d (1) - 3 - JEWISH 

TbB Dally World . Nov. lU, 1917* WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 
Consequentl7t nho Is guilty that the theatres are dlss^pearlng? !Ehe theatrical 



Here, It Is not a matter of the '^selected/' of the critics of a small Intelli- 
gent group, ifho would certainly he pleased to see good literary plays* This 
Is only a small group, that would he unable to cover the expeuBBs of a theatre* 
It Is a concern of the great massest idio are unable^ as yet, to digest any literary 
plays, and are contented with Jazz music and cheap Jokes* 

Uany people affirm that the theatre Is a people *s Institution* In what respect? 

If the theatre should suffer a material loss, who would come to Its aid? Will 
the management be Justified In turning to the Jewxy with lan cppeal for donations? 
Would the people respond to such an appeal? No* 

!I!he theatre Is a private enterprise* The management Is the exclusive owner of 
this enterprise* 

This owner seeks to satisfy his "customer." The "customer" demands trash and 
trash Is given him* 



XA A 3 g \LJ — *t - t<J!iWJ.an 

The Dally World. Nov. lU, I917. 

m (iiu pnoi s.^^ 

Who should educate the race? The theatre? Ko« 

One» who goes to the theatre enters it with a specific demand. In short t one who 
visits the theatre definitely desires, in advcmcst good or poor plays* And the 
theatre can do nothing in such case# 

The press lectures and debates on literature and drama, on art and plays* All these 
are the methods of developing the race and implanting in it something more beautiful, 
more literary and more artistic* 

There is a theatre here* Thanks to the efforts and abilities of Mr* Joseph Eessler, 
Chicago possesses one of the finest Jewish theatres in America* 

There is, also, no scarcity of Jewish actors* The presentation of Madame Ooodinsky, 
together with Joseph Eessler, is stiffidLent evidence that Mr* Kessler does not spare 
any money in order to satisf^y the Chicago Jewiyt 



II A 3 d (1) 

• 17 

JETTISH 

Daily Jewish Courier > Aug. 31> 1917« 

JE';/ISH THEATER SEASON BEGINS TONIGHT. 

Kr. Joseph Kessler opens his third season in Chicago in his new home, the j^ 

Haymarket Theater, with a large company, in Rakoff 's successful drama, S 

••VTithout A Mother, •• one of those dramas that keep the onlookers enthused ^ 

from the time the curtain rises at the beginning of the first act until g 
the curtain falls at the end of the last act. 



a. 



V* 



Among Mr# Kessler's troupe of artists are the well-known tragedienne, "^ 

Madame Bella Godinsky, the character player, Mr. Jacob Hochstein, the ^ 

soubrette. Miss Rosa Bialis, Mrs. Shraga and others. Of the old artists, 
you will find with Mr* Kessler, Madam M. Axelrod, Mr. Lleltzer, L. Bukshisky, 
Miss Ziebel, David Scheinholtz, and others • 



- 2 - 



JET-VISH 



Daily Jewish Courier, Aug* 3i> 1917 • 



The new home for Jewish theater, the Haymarket, is the largest in Chicago, 
and the largest Jewish theater in the world, and is of the most magnificent 
structure* Mr. Kessler did not spare expense to make this new home for 
Jewish theater look its best* 

Mr* Kessler, who for the last two years has given Jewish plays in Chicago 
and has established a great name and reputation, is positive that the 
Jewish public will value his new unde.rtaking and help him make it a sue** 
cess* 

The musical director of the Haymarket Theater is the well-known Lr* David 
Hirsch, and the memager is the well-known Mr* Paulay* 



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II A 3 d (1) 
17 



jEr:/iSH 



Daily Jewish Courier , Aug. 1, 1917 • 

HAnL4RK3T - A JK.VISH THEATER. 

The large Haymarket theater will, from now on, be transformed into a Jewish 
theater under the mana2;ement of the well-known Jewish artist, Joseph 
Kessler, and the theatrical manager, Kr. J. Paulay. Mr. Kessler came from 
New York especially to close the deal and sign the lease with the Hay- 
market theater for three years and is immediately going back to engage 
a large troupe of good actors for his new theater, which will be the larg- 
est Jewish theater in America. 

Mr. Kessler will return to ChicarsO, with his new troupe at the end of August 
and will open the Haymarket theater on August 31st. 



WPA (ILL) PRO J. 30275 



II A 5 d (1) 
IV 

Daily Jewish Courier > Sept. 1, 1916. 

Jii^iRj tez>:jjr^ of:^iis tciiicj?it 



JE^VISE 



s 



Tonight the Empire Theatre vill start its nev; so son v.lth Lloshe Richter*!^ 
play, "Verdacht" (Suspicion) , v:hich v/ill continue tixroU;jh Sunday/ and Ijonda^r. 

The Victors Society, torethor v/ith the v;ell-l:nov7n London drai.ntist, Lladam 
Minnie .ocLerod, will p.rticipate in thi:s perfomance under the direction of 
llr. Joseph Kessler. 

Judges Joseph Sabath and Harry I.i. Fisher, and the candidate for jud^e of the 
Ilunicipal Court, Philip F. Brerstone, ;;ill speak betv/een the acts. 



V. ^ 



II A 3 d (1) JElflSH 

IV 

Daily Jewish Courier , Sept. 1, 1916. 

i!i:.iPiR5 TH^AT^w opi:ns tootght 

The local jinpire Theater will open its new season this evening with Moshe 
Richter«s play ''Suspicion," which will also be featured tomorrow, Sunday 
and Monday. 

The entire company of actors, together with the well-knovm London dramatic 
actress, Madame L^innie Axelrod, will take part in this performance under the 
direction of Irlr. Joseph Kessler. 

Judges Joseph Sabath, Harry :J[. Fisher and Philip P. Bregstone will speak 
during the intermission. 




JEV/ISH 






II A 5 d (1) 

II B 2 d (1) 

I B 3 a Sunday Jewish Courier , Aug. 27, 1916. WPA (ILL) Pl\0j.5ui;: 

I B 3 b 

III A • ON TrlE OPS^'ING OF OUH JEvVISH THEATER SEASON 

IV by 

Johannus 

Since Chicago became a Jewish city ^^Siis Bieans since Chicago became a city with 
a considerable Jewish population/ it has, thus far, been fortunate in having a 
Jewish theater every season. Once it happened that a company was engaged in 
the middle of a season and immediately following a brief interlude, another 
company took its place, enabling \is Jews to enjoy without interruption the music 
of •'Shalameth , " "Bar-Kochbah" (a hero in a war waged against the Somans), 
••Akedath Yitzhok" (Sacrifice of Isaac), to sympathize with "Mirele Efroth,** to 
welcome collectively many plays which New York had eanaarked as "poor" and 
"unsuccessful," and, to the contrary, to discard such plays as had in New York 
evoked crocodile tears and childish admiration from the residents of tall tenement 
houses, people who are honest workers, but who do not always possess aesthetic 
Judgment about some thing good, something real. 



II A a d (1) - 2 - JEvn:sH 

II B 2 d (1) 

I B 3 a Siinday Jewish Courier, Aug. 27, 1916. yi'p^ /|m pj- 

I B 3 b ' ^'^^'^ ^'^O^SOi:/^ 

III A The same holds true of actors and actresses. The Chicago Jewish 

IV theatergoers have quite independently proclaimed their own stars 

and rewarded them with tremendoiis ovations as well as good salaries* 

It is a fact that all the great Jewish actors of New York, who have attained 
a national reputation, have made their debuts in Chicago. It was the Chicago 
Jews who gave them "diplomas,** classifying them as comedians, tragedians, 
soubrettes, character actors, etc. All those who attained recognition in Chicago 
were later recognized in New York as well as over the entire country. It will 
suffice to mention the most prominent of them: Adler, Thomashefsky, Madame 
Liptzen and Schneur, who made their first appearances in Chicago. This proves 
that Chicago has a keen perception of fine art, and the more it is cultivated, 
the keener it becomes. 

After many years of experiment, Jewish theater managers and actors have arrived 
at the conclusion that the Jewish public of Chicago is steadily turning away 
from lewd plays, licentious plays, and other such plays which have, much to our 
regret, occupied seats of honor in the Jewish theaters of New York, becoming 



II A 5 d (1) - 3 - jiaasH 

II B 2 d (1) 

I B 3 a Sunday Jewish Courier . Aug. 27, 1916. ^'^'' (i^U PROj, 30275 

I B 3 b 

III A the yardstick with which the talent of a playwright is measured, 
IV 

The drama is said to be the most noble expression of life, the mirror 
of life, the school in which all phenomena, all events and all aspects of life 
are dramatized before our eyes* This is a very good definition of the drama; 
therefore may it always remain so. 

But when we examine the Jewish repertoire which has been produced in the past 
couple of years, we find that ninety-nine per cent of it consists of "meretricious 
and obscene plays." If a Gentile were to attend the Jewish theater for curiosity*s 
sake, he might think that this was the chief problem of present-*day Jewish life; 
that in every Jewish home there are bastards and that prostitution prevails; that 
there are no other romantic incidents in Jewish life worthy of being dramatized^ 

Not only c€in such plays evoke unchaste and evil thoughts among alien theatergoers 
who seldom drift into Jewish theaters, but many Jewish theatergoers who are not 



II A 5 d (1) - 4 - jmasE 

II B 2 d (1) 

I B 3 a Sunday Jewish Courier . Aug. 27, 1915. V^^^^ (-''-L.) Pftuj.3027a 

I B 3 b 

III A too well acquainted with the manifold nature of Jev/ish life may be 

IV similarly influenced. 

Such plays have been a pestilence, a terrible epidemic in the Jewish district 
during the past few years. They have corrupted the aesthetics and debased the 
spirit of the public. The dirtier the joke and the more nauseating the plot, the 
more people would be attracted, and the greater was proclaimed the ingenuity of 
the playwrights* 

What should the New York press have done about this situation? Everyone to whom 
Jewish family life is sacred and dear will say that the press should have been 
the first to denounce these plays as being lewd. It should have urged the public 
to keep away from such exceptionally abominable things which are a disgrace to the 
Jewish name and to all those who attend the theater. It should also have humiliated 
the Jewish theater in the eyes of the public, and should have pilloried all Jewish 
managers and players vftio dared to produce such plays. 



II A 3 d (1) - 5 - JgyjISH 

II B 2 d (1) 

I B 3 a Simday Jewish Courier. Aug» 27, 1916* WPA (ILL.) PROJ 302^5 

I B 3 b 

III A The New Tork press, however, did not do this. On the contraiy, it 
17 kept reiterating the wise sayings of these actors and rehashing the 

worthless **trlpe** of playwrights; the press cloaked the obscenities 
with literary allusions, and lavished high praise upon the worthless plays • 

Such plays, however, if they succeeded in being smuggled into the Chicago-Jewish 
theaters, were short-lived* After their first or second showing, the manager 
put a stop to them lest there be no one attending his theater. This happened 
more than once. It indicates that the Chicago- Jewish public knows the difference 
between good and bad, and particularly, that it is not influenced by Hester Street 
cuid East Broadway in New York. 

Mr. Joseph £essler had this experience last season in his finpire Ibeater where 
one meretricious New York play after another was removed from the stage because 
the public actually made no effort to see them. The better plays, 6U3 well as 
several classics, drew full houses, to the surprise of the managers and actors. 



II A g d (1) - 6 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (1) .,^ ^ 

I B 3 a Sunday Jewish Courier > Aug. 27, 1916. '*''' ^^'-^ ^^^^ 3027d 

I B 3 b 

III A Mr. Kessler, an intelligent and artistic actor and Mr. Polay, an 

IV experienced manager in the local Jewish Theater, should not, however, 

have been surprised and should not have considered such things unusueil 

phenomena, but rather something quite natural. 

Most of the Jews in Chiceigo are Americanized and cannot digest the coarse foods 
which are served to the "greenhorns" in New York. Jews in Chicago live better 
and are less congested. They are not cramped into narrow tenement houses as are 
the New York workers to whom the home is a Hell, a toiment, so that they are eager 
to escape from their homes, even if it should mean spending a night at a burlesque 
show. When a Chicago Jew goes to the Jewish theater, he goes with a view to 
enjoying himself in a refined manner. 

As a newspaper for the people, the Jewish Courier is always doing a great deal 
to refine and improve the taste of the Jewish public in Chicago and to inspire 



II A 3 d (1) . 7 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (1) 

I B 3 a Sunday Jewlah Courier > Aug* 27, 1916# vVPA (ILL,) PHQj 3027s 

I B 3 b 

III A the players to become more ambitious so that they will appear in such 
17 plays as will be an honor to their reputation. 

With reference to this theater season which opens Friday, September 1, Mr* Kessler 
should apply all his energies to make the Empire Theater a success and not a 
failure, and he will succeed if he stages sober plays which appeal to the taste of 
the Chicago Jews. 

And speaking about sober plays, we wish to call your attention to the following 
sad situation; large sums of money are spent by the theater management on advert 
tislng trash, whereas on good plays, no money is spent* The philosophy of the 
management is as follows: If an article is good it is self -advertising and we 
need not go to any expense to advertise it. But we must boost a poor article 
which is not self -advertising. 

This, however, is an erroneous notion. The infezlor commodity should not enter 
business at all because if it is sold to a customer at a profitable rate, then 



II A 3 d (1) - 8 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (l) 

I B 3 a Sunday Jewish Courier. Aug* 27, 1916* ^^^^' ^"^'' '""^^^^ 30275 

I B 3 b 

III A such customers cease to repurcbase such articles for they are con- 
17 vinced that they have been defrauded* This is also the reason why a 

good play, which succeeds a poor one, draws a small crowd because first, 
it is little advertised, and second, the public which was repelled by the previous 
poor play loses its confidence in the management and actors* 

May this serve Mr* Joseph Kessler, who has become popular among the Jews of 
Chicago, as a preface or prologue to the activities of the local theater season, 
for which the necessary preparations are being made, because this is the secret 
of the success of the theater in Chicago* 

The personnel of the fiapire consists of the Following: Male: Joseph Kessler, 
Bernard Auerbach, Isadora Meltzer, Morris Groldberg, David Schoenholtz, Bennie 
Adler, Jacob Ealich, L* Bakschetsky, Joseph V/einstock, Avling and Philip Augenblik, 
Female: Madame Minnie Azelrod, Madame Esther Zabel, Miss Ida Fine and Madame 
Augenblik* 



CO 



II A 5 d (1) - 9 - JEVflSE 

II B 2 d (1) 

I B 3 a Sunday Jewish Courier ^ Aug. 27, 1916. ^^'^' u^U PK'Oj. 30276 

I B 3 b 

III A Let us hope that every member of the cast will faithfully and loyally 

IV perform his duty — to the satisfaction of the management and to the 

satisfaction of the public which always rewards with honor and money 

those who are worthy. 



II A 5 d (1) 
17 



jzinsE 



Daily Jewish Courier^ Aug. 7, 1916. ^^^ ('LL/ FROJ, 30275 



3V3RYTHING RlilADY ?0R OFiiiCENG OF 'K.iPIRZ TrEATRi; 



Mr. Jacob Polay, manager of the Empire Theatre oxvned by Joseph Kessler, re- 
turned last evening from New York v/here he made arrangements with the fol- 
lowing actors to open the season about Septembeir 1: Madame Sibel, Ida Fine, 
Madame Augenblik, Katie Kaplan, Benjamin Auerbach, Isadore Meltzer, Benny 
Adler, Adolph Baksitsky, Jacob Kalich, Philip Augenblik, and David Sheinholtz. 
They will be under the supervision of Mr. David Kessler • 




II A 3 d (1) 



JE7ISK 



Daily Jewish Labor V^crld, June, 25, 1916. ..,.,. ^^ . 
^^PA (ill ) d;?a. ^^2j^ 

^JACCB P. AL'LEk CII El-PIHE STAGEJ/ 

Hr. 8jid I.:rs « JacoL P« Adler , the greatest artists on the Jewish stc.^e, are 
ending the season at the Bnapire Theatre, together vd.th a ocir.pejiy of first 
cle^s artists* Gustav Shacht - Auerbauch - Rubin • Julia Adler - Keshier - 
the young artist, Louis Birenbaum and others. 

Saturday I^atinee in - "The Stranger^ - by J. Gcrdin 
Sunday llatinee - in - ^'The Ivleaiiac** - by J. Gcrdin 
Saturday and Sunday night - in - •^A Father »s nearf* - by Prof* Jacobi* 

Tickets on sale now at the i-ox office* 



. . JSWISH 
II A 5 d (1) 

^^^ ^ Daily Jewish Forward s Feb. 12, 1914. 

TH2 FATE OF JZ.VISH ACTORS 

(Editorial) 

Maguleskoe, the artist of the Jewish stage, is no longer among the living* 
And yet it seems as though he is still with us; as though his deeply felt 
humor is not yet removed from the Jewish stage; as though his character 
portrayals, his artistic mimical contortions, and his pure typically 
Jewish acting remain in the treasure of Jewish eternity. 

But when we rem.ember his funeral, during v;hich more than forty thousand 
Jews accompanied him to his everlasting peace and in which eulogies v^^re 
spoken and songs were sung, we become positive that llaguleskoe is no 
longer here* Because if vie commence to honor an artist, it is evidence 
that he has died# V/hen alive Ma^^uleskoe was a good actor, a great character 



./^ 



o) 

A. 



U -p-^- 



- 2 - 



JE?ISH 



Daily Jewish Forward , Feb. 12, 1914* 

player, but the Jewish masses never thought of honoring him then. Did 
they show Mm any appreciation for his great services to the Jewish 
stage? Certainly not. V/e Jev;s honor our talented only when they are 
dead. 

The fate of artists among Gentiles is comparatively better. They ioiow 
how to estimate the greatness of an artist when he is araong the living, 
just when the people's recognition gives him courage &nd inspiration to 
develop his creative potentialities to a higher degree. 

We learn that the poor working girls of Paris have honored Charpenter, 

the composer of '^Louise*' and '^Joumen," two operas in which he depicts 

the spiritual life of the French working girl. For these operas Charpenter 




- 3 - JEWISH 



Daily Jewish Fcrward ^ Feb* 12, 1914* 

created a music the nelodies of which repr-eeent the efforts and ideals of 
the working girl. They feted him with a magnificent banquet and presented 
him with a sword inlaid 7/ith precious gems. 

Thus have these poor girls exalted their poet, vjho lived in the Latin 
Q^uarter, the slum section of Paris, wherefrom he attained motifs for his 
works • 

Kfeiguleskoe was the artist of all the Jewish people. His character roles 
were typically Jev;ish and^ through his dramatic playing for a few decades, 
he beautified and glorified Jev/ish life. Yet it was not until death had 
called him, that the Jews showed their esteem for him. Such is the fate 
of a Jev;ish actor* 



,1 



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II A 3 d (1) 
I A 3 

Daily Jewish Courier, Dec. 4, 1913# 



JEWISH 




- '-' P .i '^ 



"DAMAGED CHILDREir V>J""\; 

The New Drama That Madame K* Liptsen Is Presenting This V/eelc In The Empire 

Theater 

For thousands of years Jewish atheists and foes, who sought to find faults 
with the Torah of Moses, pointed to a passage that states, '•he sets the sins 
of the father upon the children, and grandchildren, and great-grandchildren 
to the third or forth generation. •• The cry arose, - what an unmerciful Grod 
to punish the children and grandchildren for the sins of their fathers and 
grandfathers. 

This was one of the principal arguments against the Torah of Moses, and 
whosoever it pleased mocked and ridiculed it. Only a few great men, numbered 
scholars found at all times in all generations, understood the deep meaning 
of these sacred words of our sublime Torah . They knew that these words are 
not applied to mean man^s sins against God, but man*s sins against himself. 
When a person sins against nature, it means he sins against himself, and 
that nature will retaliate to reckon even with him, his children and their 
children until the fourth generation. But those who understood dared not 

express it because they lived at a time in which ridiculing everything that 
was holy was in style. 



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II A 5 d (1) - 2 - JEVnSH 

I A 3 

Daily Jewish GourlQ-p ^ Dec* 4, 1913. 

Only tov;ard the end of the nineteenth century did conscientious thinkers 
cone to this conclusion based on their most careful observations of life. 
They began to notice that bad habits, drunkenness, and vice in the life of 
man must eventually show some signs in their children and their children's 
children* Life has proven that* The studies of the origin of the "degener- 
ates** which are found in every city have furnished the necessary proof* 
The proof established, it was next necessary to acquaint the people with 
these facts* And the best method of impression is the stage* 

Henry Ibsen was the first dramatist to bring this great problem upon the 
stage in his drama, **A Doll's House*** But here the only intimation given 
was in the person of the doctor* Of late the entire world became interested* 
A movement was begun to agitate these facts openly, to prove how detrimental 
it was upon children when their fathers or mothers do not know how to care 
for themselves in sexual matters, especially if one of them is stricken 
with a venereal disease of which he is in ignorance* Children born of 
such a marriage suffer from various diseases and rightly deserve the name 
of *»Damaged Children*** 

'•Damaged Children'* is the name of a Jewish drama v^hich deals with this 
problem* This drama was freely written around the theme of '*Damaged Groods,** 




II A 5 d (1) - 3 - JMISH 

I A 3 

Daily Jewish Coiirler, Dec* 4, 1913. 

a drama which was presented for a period of several weeks at the Blackstone 
Theater, and of which a criticism appeared in this newspaper. The drama of 
"Damaged Children" is being presented today (Thanksgiving), matinee and 
evening, and Saturday and Sunday evenings, in the Empire Theater at Madison 
near Halsted* Taking part in this drama are Madame Kennie Liptsen, Mr. 
Slias Rothstein, Mr. Jacob Cohen, Mr-. £at2zaan, Madame Simon, etc. 

The presentation of this play is something new and different from the usual 
themes and presentations being shown in the theaters. Madame Liptsen and 
Mr* Rothstein, at the head of their marvelous company of players, are pre- 
senting us types such as are seldom seen, but nevertheless are always pre- 
sent • "Damaged Children" opens the eyes, showing a new world of which we 
until now had no idea existed: a world which deserves more ardent atten- 
tion and thought. That is the "Damaged ChJLldren" that Madame Liptsen is 

presenting today at the Empire Theater. 




II A ^ d (1) 



JEWISH 

Daily Jewish Courier , October 8, 1913* WPA (ILL) ?ROJ. 30275 
PAVILION THEATER. 



The Gartner*8 Pavilion Theater has opened this season with a large 
troupiof actors. They have already presented the well known Jewish 
comedy of Shimer's ••In Latineren** to a crowded house* They will not 
only present comedies, but also dramas that were very successful in 
New York, like '•Die Harshendeh** , ••Shclaven** and ••Broken Hearts." 



At the head of this troupe are Mr. and Madam Gartner, Herr and Mrs. 
Nathanson, Mr. Winestock, Mrs. Finklestein, Herr and Mrs. Leonsky, and 
others. 



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II A ^ d (1) JEm.SK 

Daily Jewish Courier . October 7, 1913. ^'PA (ILL) PROJ 3027K 
THE JEWISH THEATER WORLD - I. S. 

In our local Jewish community there is much rejoicing* Again we have 
a truly Jewish theater with Jewish artists who promise to remain here 
providing the large Jewish audiences desired them. They do. Theater- 
goers approved them as can be witnessed by the large attendance which 
fill the theater to capacity. Such were the greetings accorded the 
Jewish theater at its opening performances. 

Of course we are speaking of the Globe theater and the entire Liptson 
troupe which came to bring Chicagoans a truly Jewish theater. 



II A -^ d (1) - 2 - JEWISH 

Daily Jewish Courier . October 7, 1913. '^^''^^ (!LL) PROJ. 30275 

Even at present , New York, as it appears, does not have a truly Jewish 
theater to present the finer class of Jewish drama. Her five theaters 
feed the public only trash, each succeeding play being worse than the 
previous one* Regardless of press criticism these New York managers do 
not even make an effort to offer something better to their patrons 
than such plays as •'Souls'*, '•Hesurts**, and Dots". Apparently their 
audiences are satisfied. 

Thus when word was brought that the Liptson troupe headed by Madam 
Kenie Liptson, Herr Elias Rothstone, and Jacob Cohen was coming 
here to present the better plays of the Jewish repertoire, we were some- 
what astonished, even though we have long known that in our region the 
Jewish audience has for sometime been seeking the finer and better 
qualities that make for a true, earnest, and interesting drama * 



II A ^ d (1) - 3 - JEWISH 

Daily Jewish Courier ^ October 7, 1913. *^P^ (ii-U PROJ. 3G275 

The fact is not built on supposition. The Liptson players have always 
played Jacob Gordon's finer dramas •• ••••• 

We feel it is unnecessary to review these plays since they are well 

known to all Jewish t heater-goers • They include '•Miraleh Ephris", 

••The Unknown**, "The Slaughter", ••Der Momzer", etc. It is also more 

or less known that in these plays Madam Liptson presents her strongest 

characterizations, those that have brought her fame. The same may 

be said of Herr Rothstone, Cohen, Uadam Wellinsky, Katzman, and others*..... 



Mr* Rothstone informed us that the company had come for only twelve 
weeka in which time they have prepared the very best of drama to oe 
shown here. But these twelve weeks can at anytime be extended indef- 
initely if the Chicago public will approve such high standards as 
will be presented to them on the Jewish stage. 



II A 3 d (1) JEWISH 

Daily Jewish Courier t September 16, 1913* *^^A (ILL) PRO J 50276 

HIPRESSIVE REOPENEIG OF CHICAGO ^S JEV/ISH THEATER. 

The new Jev/ish Douglas Park Theater, for this season, opened last evening 
in a very impressive manner, and the stars, liisha ^ Lucy German, to- 
gether with their New York company, have for the first time, appeared 
before an overcrowded audience in .7. Siegel's powerful melodrama, 
••Rachel's Children" which met with great approbation. All actors were 
received with loud apolause at their first oerformance. Upon concluding 
the 2nd act, an enthusiastic ceremony was carried through in honor of 
the troupe which v/as showered v/ith bouquets of flowers by organizations 
and individual patriots. 



II A 3 d (1) • 2 - JEWISH 

Daily Jewish Courier , September 16, 1913. ''^'f'^ (ilL) PROJ 30275 

The representative of the Jewish Actors Union, Rueben Gooskin, who 
came especially to the opening of the first cooperative union theater 
in Chicago, greeted the audience of the premiere - performance, appeal- 
ing for their support for the nev; Jewish theatrical undertaking and 
promised the audience an interesting and mirthful season* 

A special performance of '•Rachel's Children** will be dramatized this 
evening in the Douglas Park Theater for selected guests and representatives 
of the Jewish press* 



KK^ 



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JBT/ISH 



The Sentinelt Volumes 5-6 1 Week of May 17, 1912 • Page 2. 



A permanent Yiddish playhouse will be established by Ellis P« Gliok- 
man* He has secured a ten year lease on the Bijou Theater, Halsted 
Street and Jackson Boulevard, at a rental of *130,000 for the term* 
He will remodel the house at a cost of $15,000« 



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^'PA OIL) PROJ. 30275 



Oonrier , December 22, 1911. 

« Bijou Xheatre Opens Tonight 

She famous actress t Madame Esther Bachel Eominsky is opening the Bijou 
Theatre this eyening, at Hals ted and Jackson Bird. , as a Jewish Theatre* 

• * . ' . . . . 

The opening-night performance will be Ur. Jacob Gordon* s "Mirelecpos** 

Hadam Eaminsk7 plagrs the stellar role, with the assistance of a selected cast 

of famous artists, such as Ifessrs* Nathanson and Max Bosenthai* 

This is the first time in many years that Jewish Theatre patrons hare had 
the opportunity to witness such a great performance, played by such great artists* 
This Drama will be played until Monday, with Saturday and Monday matinees. 

Mr. Xlias P* Glickman, the Manager of the new Jewish Bijou Theatre, has 
great plans in mind. He intends to bring the best Jewish actors to Chicago, 
and is at present organizing a first-class company, which will play the irtiole 
season, and he, himself, will be among the players* 



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II A ^ d (1) JEWISH 

^^ /iPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

Courier Dec. 5, I9II 

Jewish Theatre in Bijou 

Ur. Elias f. Olickman, the well known actor, manager, has leased the Bijou 
yesterday. This theatre is located at Halsted street and Jackson Blvd. and 
will open for business Christmas weekf This will he an exclusively Jewish 
theatre* Mr. Glickman is very optimistic over this new venture* He promises 
to have the very best of talented Jewish actors on the stagOf He would not 
make any promises as to his heinga co^player on the stage with the other actors 
but he assures the public that he will always present a first class company 
of players* JLlsot from time to tims he will present new blood and talent of 
the greatest in dramatic art* 

Ur. Glickman, before departing for Kew York yesterday stated, that the Jewish 
Societies of Chicago are the ones who were instrumental in his starting a 
Jewish Theatre in ChicagOt It is because the success of the theatre benefits 
that the different synogogues and charity organizations have by their untireing 
efforts induced Mr. Glickman to venture a Jewish theatre* 



iF'» 



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II A 3 d (1 ) 
II D 1 



JEWISH 

WKA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 



V.-- *» 



S^ 



I 



Courier , Noverater 9, I9II. 

To the Lodges and Societies* 

This is a letter to officers of the different Jewish charitahle organizations. 
Dear Officers: 1 realize that you are aware of the fact that winter is knock- 
ing at our doors and you will need lots of funds for your charitahle under- 
takings, much more now than at any other time of the year. This is the oppor- 
tune time to study and formulate plans for the raising of funds for the ^> 
necessities of the poor, this winter. ' 

• 

> . ^ ' .■ ■ ' 

As a possilDle method, allow me to suggest a Theater Benefit. As a means of 

raising money for charitahle purposes in a large lump sum. Therefore, as I 
am manager of the Louis Metropolitan Jewish Theater, the only Jewish Theater 
in Chicago, which satisfies the public fuily, permit me to suggest the follow- 
ing plan to you gentlemen: We play every evening with matinees Saturdays, 
and Sundays, the prices are reasonable, and we always have a capacity house. 



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Page 2 

II A 3 d (1) 
II D 1 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



Courier, November 9» 191^^» 



Our Theater is ready and willing to serve you "by letting you have as many ^ 
theater tickets as you desire. You sell them on a commission basis and we 
can assure you of very profitable results. 

Respectfully 

Jacob Louis, Mgr. 
Metropolitan Theater. 



.■ ,-JS« 



II A 3 d (1) 



JE\"/ISH 



^^^ OIU PRCUl^U, 



Courier, October 20, 1911^ 
Shmi Israel (Hear, Oh Israel) in Metropolitan Theater, 

Next Sunday evening the popular Jewish actor, Levenscn, will make his first 
appearance in Shrci Israel, at the Metropolitan Theater, 

The theater-lovers who understand stage art, are expecting to see something 
different when the artist, Mr, Levenson appears on the stage in a role in 
which he can display his great histrionic ability. 



11 A 3 d (1) 



JXfflSH 



Coorler May I5, I9IO '^^^^ OH.) PR0J,3C275 



Bijou Theater Hals ted and Jackeon Blvd« 

Ur« and Utb. Jacob Adler in 

■God's Punishment" 

The first of a large repertoire to l>e presented to Chicago l^ this 
fa&ous couple* 



-- II A 3 d (1) 
II A 1 
II A 3 b 



JE/iflSH 



^^^ ('LU Pile. 302?t 



Courier t May 3, 1910. 

Jews in the Theater Professions* 

Jews in America and in other countries as well, have perhaps at present more 
than their share of representation in the theatrical world. Some of the most fa- 
mous producers, managers, ani theater owners in America are Jews. Moving pictures, 
which are only beginning to make headway are also controlled by Jews. 

Can it be that Jews have a special leaning toward the theater? The opera in Amer- 
ica has its greatest support from Jews* Although not many of the operatic stars 
are Jews, mast of the musicians and members of the choirs spring from our people* 

A prominent theater manager writes in response to our query - "The truth is that 
there is something in the theater that attracts Jews. Perhaps it is because the 
theater combines art and business, such as no other business contains. My friends 
ha/5 told me that the Jew is a natural born actor and where the opportunity for 
both business emd art present themselves, the Jew is perfectly at home# 



-Page 2 . JgglSH 

iiA3iil) WPA (,IU PRCi 3ta 

II A 1 
II A 3 b 

Courier > l!ay 3, 1910. 

The Jew is an artist and a poet. This can readily be seen from the great poet- 
ic works of our people which .constantly reverberates through hi^toryt The Jew 
is also a traditionally good business raan» Therefore the Jew* s adaptability to 
the theater can readily be seen*** 

Another Jewish theater manager writes - **The Jews have stabilized the theater. 
Pianagers no longer run away from their corap&iies if they become stranded in some 
small town. This practice has been greatly curtailed since the advent of Jews 
in the theater management and producing fields." 

Still another writes - "I would not like to say that Jews are the greatest actors, 
although our people have given the world very fine actors. However, the rank and 
file of actors in theaters are composed almost entirely of Jews. It seems to me 
that the Jew seeks not the money that he can earn, but the freedom, the spiritual 
freedom, and the freedom of the soul. The Je?/ finds that he can more easily 



rage o 

II A 3 d (1) 
II A "l 

II ^ 3 b 



JgfflSH 
WPA (ILL) PRO i. 30275 



• Courier , May 3, 1910. 

develop his personality and individuality on the stage, and that is why he is so 
well represented in the acting profession." 

No matter how we look at it, the Jew has an active part in the theater world of 
today - be it in the grand opera or in the cheap burlesque houses. 

(signed) Ben-Levy. 



II A 3 d (1) 
II A 3 1) 



JEWISH 
WPA (111.) PROi. 302/5 



Courier . April U, I5IO. 

Two Yiddish Theaters in Chicago. 

Beside the new Palace Theater which is heing "built now, Chicago will have 
a new large Yiddish Theater on the West Side. 

At last Saturday's concert of Uadaire Kolinsky, at the Auditorium Theater, 
^hich was filled to the rafters, an announcement was made that negotiations were 
under we.y for the leasing of one of the West Side theaters for Yiddish Produc- 
tions. Three "IVest Side theaters are "being considered, and the decision of the 
committee will be announced to the puhlic at an early date. 

At the same time it was announced that the new Palace Theater was rapidly 
nearing completion and will surely he ready for the coming season. 



II A 3 d (1) YIDDISH 

II D 6 



The Dally Jewrish CourlT. Oot* 26, 1908* 
XHIS EVEHINQ PGR THE JElHriSH SHELTER 



WPA (ILL,) PROJ. 30275 



Toni^t is the first perfonanoe at the ne«r Ifetropolitan Theatre for 
the benefit of the Jewish %elter* The theatre is located at Jefferson 
aiki 0' Bryan streets* 

The well kaovn maflterpieoo Ban-Hador will be played* All Jews of Qiioago 
should do their utmost in order to get these tioketSi so that Father 
Abraham's Hotel would profit the most 9 for they are in dire need of funds* 

The Jewish belter is the only Jewish institution whioh has at all times 
open doors for the hungry and homeless Jews* In order to exist they must 
have money* Their expenses are enormoust their inoome is insignifioant* 



The perpetuation and maintenanoe of this shelter is grea.tly dependent 
upon tonight's and tomorrow's performances* Help us continue the noble 
work of the Home* Remember tonight is the benefit for the Jewish Shelter* 



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tl A ? d (1) 



Courier, 11-14-07 
THE NEW 12TH STREET THEATRE • 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



The new 12th Street Theatre just east of Halsted Street was 
built by the " Western Vaudeville Association*' at an 
estimate cost of |23fOOO.OO. No expense was spared to make 
it the most beautiful in Chicago* It has a seating capacity 
of ^800 people. It is making a special appeal to Jewish 
patronage and special attention will be paid to women and 
children. Matinees will be given daily at 2:30 P.M. 

The policy of the theatre is a seven act vaudeville bill 
and a popular movie. Admission 10 cents. Two evening 
performances starting at 7:30 and 9:00 O'clock respectively* 



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JEWISH 



WPA OIL) PRcj. 30275 



The Coarier> November 14, 1907 • 



THE NEW TIfELPTH STREET THBATRE# 



The combined Interests of the large Western Vaudeville Assooiatlon are build- 
ing the new Twelfth Street Theatre directly east of Halsted Street, at a cost 
of |23,000»00« It will have a seating capacity of eight hundred, with eight 
hundred comfortable seats* * 

No expense will be spared to make this project a credit to the community* 
This theatre will cater mainly to Jewish Patronage and will specially look 
after the comfort of women and children* A matinee will be played every day 
at 2:30 P*lf« The plays will consist of seven vaudeville acts and additional 
showing of movie pictures at each performance* 

The pictures will be the same as those being shown at the Majestic and Chi- 
cago Opera House* Two p%rformances will begiven every evening at 7:30 P« M** 
and 9 P« M« Price of admission lO^ii 

The Twelfth Street Theatre is located in the heart of the Jewish Ghetto, and 
the theatre hopes to have the Jewish patrons fill the house to capacity at 
each performance # 



^Vi^'fe .".„•■■.,*'■. 






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WA()LL)FRCJ.3C275 

II A 3 d (1) 

II p g JEWISH 

Courier , October I3, 1907* 

Next Monday night will be "Shelter Home Night" in Chicago. The International 
Theater has been rented for a theatrical production, proceeds going to the 
Shelter Home. 

Chicago Jewry can best show their appreciation to the Home by coining to the 
show end help swell the proceeds. 





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II 2 10 




II B 1 e 



JEV;iSH 

■ Coiirier . Jaxraan^ 3. 1907. WPA (ILL) PROJ,30275 

Morris Rosenfeld Theater Benefit, Big Suc(">ess. 

One of the most successful theater "benefits tooV: place last evening, at the 
International Theater, where Mr, G-lickr.an ond his troupe of actors, pls.yed 
the Jewish "King Lear.'* The theater vv.z packed with a highly intelligent 
audience. 

Mr. B. Harwitz, Mr, A, Heller, Mr. Titus, Mr, Sdelman, and others of the 
Arrangement Committee -thjanked the puhlic for responding to this "benefit, 
as it was for the worthy cause of raisin|^ funds for the assistance of a 
sicl^ Jewish poet. Mr, Gliclcman reports a net profit of $600, 

•A nujnher of corrpliments were peid Mr, G-liclonan "by the coinpany of actors, ' 
for the way. Mr, Gliclarxja handled the affair, "bringing it to such a euccess- 
fijl conclusion. There was a letter with nany thanlcs from Mr, Heller, expressing 



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Pa^e 






II A 3 d (1 ) 
II D 10 

II S 1 e 



JEWISH 



Courier. Jan, 3, I307. 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



his appreciation for the interest Mr. Hosenfeld, ai::d the Chicago Jev/ish 
puhlic have tr^Icen in his present condition. He also espressed his grer-t hope 
that he will soon sing agp.in for his lonely exiled people. 



II A 3 d (1 ) JEWISH 

Courier. June 11, 190f. ^^ ('i-U PftO/. 30275 '' 

i 

"The Cre.zed One," (Dramatic Review). | 

Drajna in four acts Tdv Jacob Gorden. Produced "by G-rand Theater Compajiy at 
Academy of liusic, 

"The Grazed One" is a pl&y whose content and tendencies are even far more 
actuated than in any of Oorden's works for the sta^e. "The Crazed One" is 
not a. pl??y wherein action thunders across the stage and thereby detracts 
appfeciativeness from the audience, "The Grazed One" is a play which cau- 
ses the audience to forget its da^'' to dpy affairs end completely shsorb it- 
self in the production. 

Is the T3uroose of life to better the well-being of men or is it a needless 
and tiresome process, void of a goal? The architectural stnjicture of the 
play has many draw-backs; it is not arranged in accordance vith rules of 
modern drama, and as such ^onild not be accepted as an artistic work wortV-y 



Pase 2 



IIAULil) 






ourier, June 11, 1^0^. 



JEWISH 

'^PA <JLL.) PROa 30275 



of inclusion ih the Jewish theater repertoire. Le.cl-cing a good rcany: things 
it does, however, have its share of Jewish sweetness, witty remarks aJid 
humor. 

The following is the story rr± the play: 

Melech Gerber is a rich "business rnan of Soroko, Sussia, wlio c^res not a darji 
atout the rest of the world so long as he gets his in the wa;; of profits.. 
He deals in cow-hides, rarkin^? leather, selling and swindling whoever crosses 
his path. He loans money at a'bortive interest rates, md even causes arrests 
of fellow Jev;s on false accusations just so his "business "be safe from harm. 
G-erher hss two children, Harry and Ben Zion. The first is an ignoranovs, 
unable to even sign his najne, "but adept at maJcing money and therefore finds 
favor in the eyes of his father. The second son is educated, "but "branded as 
"Tlie Crazed One" for stud:i7ing science and the philosophy of t?:e Rajn"bon(liai- 
monides). He admonishes his father for his dealings and is caused to flee 
from his father's home and go live with his uncle, Israel Jaco'b. Ben Zion 
invents a. remarkahle machine, but it is destroyed by his enemies whom he has 



Pac-e 3 

II A 3 d (1 ) 



JMISH 



Courier , June 11 , I306 . 



WPA (ILL) PROJ, 30275 



exposed in his writings. Sventually he coriirdts suicide saying, "This world 
and its false people are not for De, I have nothing to live for axiong them." 

Everj'-thin^: considered, the audience enjoyed the play immensely, v 

J. Leibner. 






II A 3 d (1) J^:r[3'l 

HAS 

IV Skandinaven (Daily Edition), r^y 10, 1900. 

The Director of the Jewish Theater CansevS a Riot 

A violent riot occurred at the Jev/ish Theater, Jefferson and C^Trien Streets, 
yesterday. Tore than one thousand Jev/s of the neir^hborhood participated in 
the riot, anrl the director of the theater, ^ r. Ellis Glickman, was arrested. 

Ijt, Joseph Philipson, a department store o^'-ner, vrho has a store in the theater 
building, had been trying for 30]^e tine to .^ain control of the nart of the 
buildinf*?: occupied by the theater for an extension to his store, and his at- 
tempts in this direction were the cause of the riot. The lease of *'r. Glick- 
man — who had been in possession of the theater for tv;o 3^ ears , \yhere he had 
been giving pla?/s in Yiddish — had expired on ^'ay 1, and T'r. Philipson claimed 
that he had sif^ned a lease for the theater v/ith the ovmer of the building, 
I'lr. !!• Nathan. L'jf. Glickman declared that he had a verbal contract with 
LIr, Nathan for' two more years and refused to vacate. 



n WPA o 



II :. :^ d (1) - 2 - J~".i^'' 



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17 : :kar:ciaaven (Daily Ilditio^:) , :.:p7 1G, 19nn. 

I.-:^. Philipscn T^-ut a larr-e 3i.-r outr^ifle tho t-e^ter offerinr for sale all 
the fixtures of the placo, Thir- enraged r. Tlicbnar, ^.vho i:r': ediatel:^^ r'^ade 
Tilann fnr revenre. Ir the v^iiidov-js of a saloon, lacated in the r^a^ie binMdin.o', 
:.r. "liclria.n exiii^iteo p nnpc- of oia nhoe.-^ and rar-'-ed clothes, v;ith the an- ^,<. 
nouncer^ent that the c'e-art-i^^it pt^ro ^^as holrlin- a ^-reat sale. In order to^-^" 
hriar^ a c;rcv;d together, he hired a hand t'^ ^la^ the llvolieot turves. ^7. ^ 






3oon a crov/d of r-oro thap a thousano dwell ero of the C^ei/ish onarter had **'^>«*^- 

rabr-ered, overyboriy havjnr '\is or her o\m or^j • ion as to whether I'r* rhilipson 
or L:r. r;licl:i:ian vTao> ri'-ht. .;undenlY a -rcun of thof^e ^^^hc v/ere sidinr^ viith 
h:r. Glictaan beran to stor:.i the entrances to the store while the adherents of 
rhilinson broke into the theater, and for a v;hjle it looked as if the riot 
nii^ht assune serious n'ronortions. "j^^e I.axvVell street Police 3tation v/as called, 
and a patrol wa,^-on came ^ip with a dozen officers unier the connand of Ser-^eant 
Harding. The officers atter.pted to break their wav throuf^h tovrard the door of 
the theater, but the crov/d resisted. The policemen pulled cut their clubs, 



II A 5 d (1) - :5 - 

II :. 2 

17 okandinaven (Daily Ildit:'' or) , ll^y in, 1900. 






and Serjeant Hnrdinp uolred trie Camalport Avenue Police LUation to r,erA more 
^aen. 

77hen this second prou]? of officers aiTived the riot was at it.'^ heirrht. The 
Jews had started fifrhtinp- each other, \vonen takinr: "nart as fullv as did the 
men. '..T-ien the noise had reached its hi^^hest peak, !'r. OTickr-ian and his group 
of actors appeai^ed, all of tliem dressed in theatrical costur.es. This was the 
signal for increased rioting, and the actors v/ere at last conpelled to with- 
draw. After a while the policenen nsde the band stop playinr'-, and little by 
little the crowd was dis":>ersed, but I.t. Olickman was arrested, charr^ed with 
disorderly conduct. 

I'r. 3-lickrnan was released by Judr^e Dooley. He has entered suit a.^ainst !>. 
Philipson #io caused his arrest, and is de^nanding :*'25,000 for false arrest. 



II A ^ d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



\i 



The Reform Advocate . Wk. of March 2U, 1900, p. 172. 

Mr. Glickman has engaged as a member of his company, the talented Mrs, ^ 
Bertha Tanzman who is well-known in Jewish theatrical circles. She is an I 

actress and prima-donna of unusual merit and will he a strong addition to the 
stock company on Saturday and Sunday nights. Jacoh Gordon^s "Brudie Lurie'* will 
he given in which Mrs. Tanzman makes her first appearance. 



, II A 3 d (1 ) 



JE^VISH 



The Reform Advocate . '^. of Au^st 26, 1S99. P.^7. 



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On Sunday evening, September 3rd, Mr. Jacob Litt will produce s.t the McVicker's 
Theater a new and powerful pipy from the pen of Edwin Arden. The title of the 
play is "Zorah," and the sulDject, the persecution of the Jews in Russia. 



II A 1 d (1 ) JEWISH 



I^ A 3 d (2) 



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^ 



The Reform Advocate , Wk. of June 2U, 1893. P»37* 

It is pleasant news to announce the opening at the Standard Theater, of 
a season of opera and drama "by Adler*s New European Dramatic and Burlesque 
Co. In the troupe are the well-known Pritz Be rend, Emil Berla, Jos. Oreven 
and Aldoph Alfreds. The performances are given in the German- Jewish Jargon. 



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IT A 3 d (1) 



JEWISH 



The Occid ents May 27, 1887 • 

MADISON STREET THEATER 
(Opposite McVickers) 



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Hebrew National Drainatic and Opera Company from London, v/ill continue to .e;i^3je 
perforraances under the direction of Mrs« Senis Lipzia, v/ho in Rusrie and 
En^.]and as well as in America (ChiC8.p;o), - has made herself beloved knovm. 






T3. 



Sundav, Mav 29,1P87, Th e Fan atic or. The Two Cu ne Lemels, (Ne'er-Do-Tells) -, 
at Twelfth Street Turner Hall • • «••••«••••••••; 



MondaVf May ^0, 1887, Shulamis, or the Dauprhter of Jerusalem 






. I I A 5 d (1 ) 



The Occident . April 29, 1887. 



JEWISH 

"T3S 



MADISON STREET THEaTER Z; 

(Opposite McVickers) ^ 



Mr. J» Adler of London, has the honor to announce that a company has been ';^ 
found by the name of the Hebrew National Dramatic and Oper atic Stock Company, :3 
for the purpose of establishing a Jewish Theater Company in the City of Chicago. 

Sunday, May 1, and Friday, May 6,1887, will be nerformed The Merry Gent lenien t 
a Comic Opera in three acts and six tablezux* •..•••••••••••••••••••••••.•••• • 

Sunday, May 8, will be produced for the third time. The False Hig^h Pries t, or 
The Innocent Victim , a trasredy in five acts with sonp*s, by Dr. Ben Zevi (Odv) 






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II. CONTRIBUTIONS 
AND ACTIVITIES 
A. Vocational 
3. Aesthetic 
d. Theatrical 
(2) Dancing 




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* The Rafom Mvooate . Vol. 75, p. 630, Wk. of June 23, 1928. 

Harrietta Louise BerkoirltXt a 19 year old Chicago danoert made her Pco^ish 
debttt in the Salle Pleyel* 

ULss Berkoiritz is the daughter qf Dr* Joseph BerkowitSt medioal director 
of the Chicago Public Health Institute* She is a graduate of the Francis 
W* Parker School • 

In her performancet Hiss Berkoiritz's beauty and grace excited much com* 
ment from critiosy who predicted a brilliant future for her# 



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II • CONTRIBOTIONS 
AND ACTIVITIES 
B. Avocational and 
Intellectual 
1« Aesthetic 
a« Masic 




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Daily Jewish Forward , Jan. 2, 1924. 
V;CRK1.E1T»S CIRCLE ORGAIJIZES IS.V CHCIR VJHICH IS RAPIDLY DEVELOPING 



The new choir organized last week by the educational committee of the 
V/orkmen's Circle, one of Chica^to's largest Jewish organizations, is on a 
very good basis. It is rapidly developing with much success. 

Friend Paul Lemkoff , the well-known composer and musician, v/ho is v/ell- 
e.35>erienced in organizing and directing choirs of adults, was invited as 
director of the Workmen's Circle Choir. Registratioie of new members in 
the choir can be made at the office of the educational committee, 1224 S. 
Albany Avenue. 

Members of the choir will not only learn singing but will klso b©l. taught to 
read notes in order to acquaint themselves with the theory of music. 






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II B 1 a minsR 

III c 

Dally Jewish Courier . Feb, 6, 1923. 

A PLEASANT SUEPRISE 

(Editorial) 

The cantors' concert, ixnder the direction of the famous conductor, Mr. Loew ^ 
of New York, which took place last Sunday, was a very pleasant surprise to all ^' 
lovers of Jewish music in Chicago. The concert, which was organized by the ir= 
Douglas Park Day and Night Nursery with the co-operation of all the cantors in <^ 
Chicago, would have convinced even the most skeptical that there is such a thing S 
as Jewish music, which is worth cultivating. The concert proved that Chicago 
has cantors of whom it can be proud, as far as voice and musical talent are con- 
cerned* Mr. Loew himself was inspired by the material that he found in Chicago, 
and he believes that if the cantors would continue to work with the same serious- 
ness as they did in preparation for the concert, they could accomplish wonders, 
and they would be able to introduce modern Jewish music in Chicago. 

The fact that Jewish music has not only a great cultural value, but also a great 



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II B 1 a - 2 - JEPjnSH 

III C 

Dally Jewish Courier , Feh. 6, 1923 • 

educational value and that It can aid In attracting the youth to Judaism, makes 
the continuation of activity by the cantors very desirable. 

We hope that this city will appreciate the value of the cantors' talents and 
will give their efforts In this field attention and interest. The cantors know 
that the famous Loew is always willing to help them and they should take advan- §' 
tage of this willingness. 



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II B 1 c (1) 



JEWISH 

W?A-(ilL)PROj. 30275 
Forward, October g, I922. 



One of the oiitstanding features of the grandios art-evening, which is "being" 
arranged "by the Workers Circle League, Tuesday, October I7, in Grliclonan' s 
Palace Theater, will he sn oratorio "by the noted coTnposer and conductor, 
Peretz Lemlcoff. 

Mr, Lemkoff had written this oratorio from a T)oem hearing the title "Lonesome" 
"by the famous musician, Solomon Goluh. Famous music critics praise Kr. Lem- 
koff's composition very highlj^. This oratorio evokes memories of childhood 
and awai^ens the deep hut unattainable desire to become once again a free un- 
concerned child. Eight voices will sing this oratorio: Jack Amado, Ubx 
Brodslcy, (Jeorge Smith, J. Henderson, Ellen Golden, Mrs. Yeta Tolchin and 
others. 

Besides this oratorio, two literary one-act drajnas will be presented and also 
a musical program of opera arias and Jewish folk-songs 



• * 



■^ • 



II B 1 a JSTISH 

WPA (ILL) PKOJ. 30275 
Forward , July 7, 1521 

The Yiddish Opera Society meets every Thursday evening, in the National 
Social Institute, 3322 Douglas Blvd. We invite all Jewish singers. Only 
good musicians with good voices and talent should apply. 



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II B 2 f 



JEWISH 



YiPA(llUPROi. 30275 

Forward, October 2, I92O, 

B, Vladeck, Editor of "Forward", to "be Principal speaker at Arbeiter- 
ing (Workers' Circle) School concert. 

The Socialist Arbeitering Schools will give a jo5At 'concert at the 
Graton Temple (Eighth Street Theater) at Wabash Avenue and Eighth Street. 
Children from all the Arbeitering Schools in Chicago will be represented in the 
choirs, declamations and dramatic sketches to be presented. 

Mr. Vladeck will speak of the significance of the Je?dsh Socialist 
Schools, and their influence upon the Jewish Home. 



II B 1 a 
I i 






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A T)eoz foil: concert v/ill ^-c _*. v..^ Sundry ::.f t^^rnoo?^ , ^cto'bcr 









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Josejh ].Ial':ir, cello 

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II B 1 a 
I A 2 a 



JEWISH 

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lor^crc, Septem'b^ir 24, IjZO, ^:>.3. 



The childrer, frn-i the Yiddis'-^. Socirlic't 'Vorknen'?. Circle 
schools will ures-.ent a concer"t ur.rer """'•'C dircntion of the 
Music Director of the scho-^l^, '.\v. lilanischevitz. It will 
be held Octoh-r 10, 1^20 in t';e Orion Grotto Tenple, Vabash 

Avei'Aie oj 3th Street. 



II B 1 a JEWISH 

WPA (ILL) PRO J. 3C275 



Forward , April 24, 1919* 

People* s Music Drama League* 

A meeting of the People's Music and Drama League, will take place today at 
4 p. m. in the Forward office; all members must be present. A report of the 
concert will be given and plans for further work will be laid* 



I 



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II B 1 o (1) 

I E 



jsnsH 



The Jev/ish Labor :7orldt February 25, 1919. 

The Russian-Little ■Russian Dramat J c ^"^ub, announces that it has united with 
Morris Sohaffnert under the name of Jewish Russian Dramatic and Singing Club. 
They havt^ determined to have divisioiK*- in the club, one for dramatics and one 
for singing. 

The organizes club together with the Young Peoples Socialist Club, will run 
an affair for the Jev/ish Labor 'Torld. 



II B 1 a 
II B 1 c (1) 



JEWISH 



Chicago He'brew Institute Observe r, December, I9IS, 
Dramatic and Musical Organizations, 



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The Theater Guild 



•Study of Dramatics and Presentation of 
Plays 25 Mi:jred. , 



Jewish Literary and Dramatic Society Yiddish Dramatic Art - 65 Mixed. 



C. H, I. Orchestra - Postering Love of Good Music 



Socialist Singing Society Vocal Music in Yiddish 



70 Mixes. 



50 Mixed. 



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I E 



Chicago He'brew Institute Observer, Decem'ber, 19l6« 
The Jewish Socialist Singing Society, hy I« B« Ballin. 



JEWISH 



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There were several attempts for the last ten years to hulld up In Chicago ^ 
singing society in Yiddish, although the existence of small groups of slng^ 
ers may he traced back to the beginning of this century. The National Singl- 
ing Society was the last futile attempt of a score of youths to keep up the 
existence of a permanent Jewish singing group* Others tried before and 
failed. 



As it is not my object now to go into any details of the tinderlying causes 
for this failure, I Just want to suggest that apparently the main cause may 
be looked for in the fact that no organizations of any weight and Importance 
were behind them. The groups had to depend largely upon their own resources 
for subsistence,' and upon their own Immediate friends to serve as audiences. 
With no strong and shining ideal to Inspire, without organizations to depend 



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JEWISH -^^ 



Chicago Hebrew Institute Observer, December, I916. 

upon on a rainy day, without adequate and capable leaders, their fate could 
not be otherwise than sealed* It took the ambitious and virile Jewish Social- 
ists to do away with all the obstacles and difficulties, and to organize a 
permanent and strong institution of an educational and beneficial character 
in the Ghetto. 

The Jewish Socialist Singing Society was organized by the City Central Com- 
mittee of the Jewish Socialist Party branches, in November, I91U, with a 
membership of about fifty, mostly untrained singers, but possessing fair 
voices* Its first meetings and rehearsals were held in Maxwell Settlement, 
and later on in various halls of the West and North West Sides, They were 
crowded with guests and never was the room large enough* The preparations 
for the first public concert were elaborate, and noted for their strict 

attendance of practically all members. Altruistic exertion and sacrifices of 
the leaders permitted to engage a capable instructor, thus contributing 



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JEWISH ^ 
— — — ^ o 



Chicago Hetrew Institute Observer, December, I916. ^ 

largely to the successes of the task* Mr, Jacoh Schafer, the conductor^ 
himself of proletarian society, Socialist and musician, has given away many 
an hour freely and served the Society with fervent devotion. Within several 
months he succeeded in creating as harmonious a team as can only be formed 
out of workingmen dilettantes. 

The day of the first concert, the 11th of April, I915, in the West Side Au- 
ditorium, was a real holiday for the members of the Society. They all were 
in uniform and beamed like children performing for the first time an impor- 
tant duty. It proved to be a moral as well as a financial success. Over 
one-thousand people cheered and rejoiced over this accomplishment. Especial- 
ly remarkable was the execution of the Marti re r Blut (Martyr • s Blood) , a 
poem ^ 0. Liesin, in a difficult musical interpretation, a successful crea- 
tion of Mr. Schafer himself. Then a few more concerts followed suit, among 
them one coinposed of folk songs, exclusively, tmique of its kind, but most 
of the concerts were of popular and classical pieces. 



Page U 






II B 1 a 
I X 



JEWISH 



Chicago Hebrew Institute Observer, ])ecember, I916. 



-'•■- 






tS 



It is already the tradition of the Society to publish an elaborate and expen- 
sive program, containing the text of all the poems and songs, as well as eome 
selected articles pertaining to the activities of the Society, and to distri- 
Inite them among the audience* One of the most important aims prominently fig- 
uring in the Constitution of the Society is to distribute Jewish Socialist 
poetry and workingmen^s melodies among the Jewish laboring masses. A program 
like this is a heavy expense, and the advertisements gathered from syiqpathi- 
zers do not usually cover it in full. 

ihe last concert was exclusively devoted to the Russian Revolution, and was 
given in the gymnasium of the Hebrew Institute on the 12th of Uay. It was 
attended by aa interested and intelligent audience. Again the Marti re r Blut 
proved to be the big hit. Ur. Absfield, the tenor, was this time at his best, 
and the other soloists gave also a good account of themselves. Miss Boral and 
Mr. Manievitch betrayed a deep tinder standing of their respective parts, and 
brought the audience to its feet. Plans are underway to publish the music of 
the above, as well as of several other productions of Mr. Schafers. 



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JEWISH 



•So 



^ 



Chicago Hebrew Institute O'bserv er^ Novem"ber, I9I2. 






Piano School, 

Chir Piano School was continued throughout the year,- The registration for 
the year was 5I - ^*^S female and 5 nale, against 37 l^st year, with a total 
attendance of 96S against U5I the year previous. Owing to the great demand 
made upon this school it v;as decided to keep the school open five days a 
week instead of four as heretofore. While as yet we have not discovered 
a Ruhinstein or a Mozart, we have nevertheless enahled a. good many children 
to cultivate a taste for music, and in time perhaps even to develop superior 
talent, A charge of .25^ per lesson was made. 






Expense 
Revenue 



1912 - 1913 

$567.15 
261.36 



1911 - 1912 
$3Ul,gO 

16U, ?0 



/* 



II B 1 a JEWISH 

Courier Dec. U, 19U WPA (ILL) ^^ROj. 30275 

Jacob Gordon Literary and Drama Club 

We take this opportunity of making it known to our Jewish friends that we 
have organized a Dramatic club in Chicago* Any young man or young girl who 
possesses more or less talent in Dramat who wish to Join otir club, may do 
80 at once* There will be no fee charges this month* Our club rooms are in 
the Palace Opera Building, Boom 23* Open evening 7*30 



II B 1 a ma SE 

17 

Courier. November IJ, 1911 WPA ^ILL) PROJ. 30275 

Chicago's Cook-Fot 

On Thanksgiving evening, November 30th, at the Hebrew In£?titute, a 
Memorial Concert will take place for the purpose of raising funds with which 
to assist the family of our recently deceased Humorist and Writer, Mr, D. 
Apotheckar, 

Mr. Apotheckar was one of the greatest Humorists in our Jewish litera- 
ture, and still he could not avoid the lot of the other Jewish writers, and he 
left his family destitute. 

It is the duty of the Jewish Public to do everything possible to assist 
this poor family in their distress. We are patiently awaiting the report of the 
Committee, which is workiiig without any letup to make this undertaking a success. 



II B 1 a JEWISH 

VVPA (ILL; HKwJ.^U^/b 
Courier , October I3, 1907, 

The Chicago Hebrew Institute is organizing a "Peoples Choir" under the diren- 
tion of Isaiah Temple of New York fame. The first meeting will take place 
Tuesday evening at S o'clock. All interested in choral work are invited 
to attend. 

(Signed) Aleph. 



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A 






The Reform Advocate, Wk. of September 3, ISgS. p#U3. ^ 



?^ 



It is a matter of great pride to Sinai Congregation that two memhers of 
its choir, Wm. Wegener and Mrs, Hemmi, had been selected as soloists for the 
recent North-western Saengerfest, held at Davenport, la. Both artists met 
with great success at the gathering. 



II B 1 a Jg^ISH '! 



The Re forra Adv ocate. 'Vk. of May 23, 1896. p. 294. 

Hfeister Robbie, the nine year old son of W. and Llrs» N. V.. Eisendrath, 
has composed a waltz, entitled "First Thought V/altz,'' for piano. It is a 
clever composition and speaks well for the lad's talent. 



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Th» Reform Advocate > Wk. of Deceroter 21, 1895* P»760, 

Ume* Pa2inle Bloomfield-Zeisler will give a recital before the Ameteur 
Musical Glob at Steinway Hall, Dec* 30th, at 10:30 a.m. The public will be 
admitted. 



TO 

o 



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JEWISH 



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The Heform Advocate > Vol, 21 » p. 305» May - Oct, 1B95 



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The Clay Literary Association was established in Chicago hy eleven 
iJewlsh young men in Septemher, 1S59« Th^ object of the Association was to gain 
a more intimate union among the young men of Chicago and for the promotion of li- 
terature. 

• • The officers were: Henry U. Hart, President; DtJ* Boehm, Vice-President, 
G.A. Levi, Recording Secretary; Martin Barbe, Financial Secretary; and P. S. Mandle, 
Treasurer* 



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Th# Hafonn Advocate , Wk, of December 9, lg93« p«276« 



»*:: 



The pupils of Mr. Mode Wineman will give an afternoon musicale at the ^ 
residence of Mrs. Oerstel, 3309 S. Park Ave., December l6th. ^ 



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JB7ISH 



■^■17. 



The Reform Advocate , \/k. of ^ct. 21, 1893 • 

^IdvICITD FJiHlT PUPILS IN PliUIO RLXIT^O^ 

The pupils of Si^nund Kahn p;ave a .^ienc recital in Chickering Hall, last 
Tuesday evening* The progrejii was made up of classical and modern composi- 
tions. 



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JLT.^ISH 



T he Refer m Advcce.te^ rfki. of April 2, 1892. 

/PHELPS PUPILS GIVE CONCERT^ 

Miss Rosa Coh?^ • , soprano, Mr. rleriaeii Sundeeji, baritone, end Mr. W. S* 
Bracken, basse, pupils of Ir. L. A. Phelps, f'o.ve an Interesting concert 
on Thursday evening at the Atheneura Hall. 









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jHr.nszfi ^ 



The Reform Advocute, wk. of i-ie.rch o, 18C-2. 

/ICDE VJUKMV3 PUPILS IN I.1]SICALE_7 

A Musicale v;ill be f-iven by Hr. Lode "rfinemDn's pupils en Saturday afternoon, 
the 12th inst., st the reaidence cf lirs. W. A. Walter, 3142 Caluinet Ave. 












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JaBTISH 



The Refcm Advocate ^ \vk« of January 9, 1892 

y^ESTIMCNIAL CCKCER^ 

A f;;reiid testincnial concert v;ill be tendered to L:r« Frenz IVald, the v/ell 
knoivn local musician and cr.-^onist cf Zion Temple, at the Auditorium Recital 
Hall* 

Among the prcirdnent musicians v;i.c will ap.oear on that occasion are: Eernhard 
T'ollenhauer, the celebrated violinist, Leo Llellis, Joseph Silberstein and 
Miss Ella Rosenbaun. 



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JE17ISH 



TliB Reform AdvoQate^ wk« cf June 19, 1S91» 

/CRCIIESTRA 111 ■ IIWiL CwICERT / 

The Symphony Club Orchestra rj^ve the fourth ajid final -cncert cf its season 
on Tuesday evenin-, at Central Lusic Hall. Director Jacobsohn is developing 
the talent at his com and to excellent effect* Von Suppers Overture, **Poet 
and Peasent," was surprisingly v^ell done, likewise the nev/ Kensington vmltz 
by Liebling. -Ambrose Thcr.ias« overture "Raymond" was fairly well done. 
Jerone C*Connell, a new laeniber cf the orchestra essayed the difficult trom- 
bone solo, Vfa^^^ner ' s , " Evening Star." 

one of the most intar^itiflg features of the evening was a violin solo by 
Mrs. E. S. Jacobsohn, Spohr's ••Concert No* S.** 



II E 1 a 

IV 

X A 1 d The Reform Advocate. V/k# of June 12, 1891. 



jsinsii 



/PRIZES GIVSII TO VICLINISTSj?" 

In the violin department cf the Chicar^o Llusical ^ollef,e, seven pupils 
were in the contest for the diamond i.iedai, the ;udo;es being Dr# F. Ziegfeld, 
August Hyllested, end S. £• Jacobsohn. The Rev. Dr. K. \i. Thomas' prize a 
diamond nedal for the best violinist in the college, wb.s awarded to YiTilferd 
V\[oolett. The judges found it difficult to decide the awarding of the prize 
as ViToolett and Leon Llarx were so nearly equal. Dr. Ziegfeld decided th^t 
there should be a diamond medal for Leon Llarx, and announced tliat he v/ould 
donate the prize to Iviaster karx. The second prize, the college gold medal 
for tlie second best violinist, wb.s awarded to l»iaster Adolph Loeb, end the 
third prize, the silver medal, v.dll go to ..Ir. Elijah Courlender. Those who 
took part in the contest besides the winners were Henry Eeermoji, IZichael 
Lyons, ond Lliss Lenora Jackson. 






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smisii 



The Reform Advocate, Y^. of !.oy 2 9, 1891. "r' 

II II <■■■■■»■ ■ iiii .\^r 

/CONSSRVATORY A ':XU1ICES CCNCSiTSj^ 






The Chicago Conservatory aiincunces two i^iore concerts to occur prior to the 
close cf the present ten.i, both cf Vvhich will take place at the Columbia ^ 

Theater^ The dates fixed for these two entertainments are June 11th and 
18th« The piano department will furnish one cf the pro.^rams, with the assist- 
ance cf pupils from the vcoal and viclin c.eparti.*ents; end the ether program 
will be presented by pupils of Sijnor Carpi, assisted by advsjiced pupils of 
the piano department* 



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jsr^isH 



The Refoin Advocate , ATc. of April 10, 1891. 

/TAIZ.IE ZEISLER C0!.TLII.:SIT2d7 

lime* Fannie Bloomfield Zeisler was paid a hi£:h compliment last week when she 
v;as asked to appear as soloist at the concert of Lenox Lyceum in I^ew York, 
April 19, to be given as a f^rand farev/ell to Theodore Thomas^ Irie. Zeisler 
was forced to decline, ov;ir^ to her en/^a^enent with the /irnateur Ivlusical Club 
of this City, of -^.pril 20. 






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The RefoiTTi Advocate . '.&. of April 10, 1891 



maisE 



r 



The next meetinc of the Liebling Amateurs will take place at L:r. Liebling*s *> 
studio, Kiniball liall, 245 -Vabash Ave, Santurday afternoon, April 11th. I^t. 
;«• S. B. Llathews will deliver a lecture, v/ith illustrations at the piano by 
Llr. Liebling* 

The concert given by the S^Tiphony Club Orchestra Tuesday evening at the Central 
I.:usic Hall was well attended. A fine program was given. The soloists were 
Emil Liebling, Miss Grace Ililtz, Lrs. Claire Lurray, Joseph Olheiser, and 
Leon A. Strauss* 



II 3 1 a 
II A 3 b 

The Reform Advocate > wk. of April 3, 1891. 



JE^VISH 



^TxIUAL CHARITY COrCErai/ 



The Amateur LIusical Club cave its anr^ual charity concert last night at the 
Central L'usic Hall» A very interesting program v/as well rendered. 

Theodore Thorras* ITev; York orchestra will give a weeks return season of concerts 
at the Auditorium, beginning Monday, April 27th. 



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II 3 1 a 






The Heforn Advocate , v;k. of Larch 6, 1891. 

^^SICAL -i^iX^T IVITIi;^ 

T\'-X) Chicane children, Tiss Gussie Gotllov;, pianist, and Llaster Leon r.larx, 
violinist, are just novj atLractin^ a good deal of attention in other cities. 

Carl V/clfsohn*s series of trio evening v/as concluded last 'Aiursday at Hour- 
nicue*s Hall. LIr. 'folfschn has certainl^^ done his share of the v;oik to- 
v/ard the musical advancenent of tliis city, and tie five concerts of this 
season give added emphasis to hif? services in this direction. 

Lev3^, the vxell-knorm cornetist, is organizinf^ a nilitary band for the road. 






^ 








II. CONTRIEUTIONS 
AND ACTIVITIiH 
B. AYOCational 

and Intellectual 
!• Aesthetic 

b. Painting and Sculpture 




II B 1 b JEWISH 

II D 6 

Chicago Hebrew Institute Observer, 1923. 

ti 

WELL KNOWN ARTISTS HATi WORKS ON EXHIBIT ,^ 

Many well known artists have their works listed in the Art Exhibit Catalojfuei.- 
The artists having works at the Exhibit are: Emil Armint David Bekker, :| 
Borris Deutch, Leo Garland, Todros Geller, William Jacobs, Graziella Jacoby, ' 
Ne Jenkin, Zan De BLopper, Charles Raphael Prilik, L* Rubensteint Carl Sacks^j 
William Se Schwartz, Walter Schneiderman, N* P. Steinberg, Geo. W. Weisenburg|^ 
Agnes Clark Winkler and Oscar Yampolsky* 



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Dally Jewish Courier > Jan. 4, 1923. 

JEl'.^SH PEOPLE'S INSTITUTE APT CIUB 

(Article In English) 

Through the initiative of a number of advanced students of art and yoxing 
artists there has been formed an Art Institute Club which will meet reg- 
\ilarly in the Art Rooms of the Jewish People's Institute, 1258 W. Taylor 
Street. 



Young artists and advanced students of art are cordially invited into the 
fellowship and comradeship of the Club. A special meeting is announced 
of the present membership and all those interested to discuss the proposed 
program and plan of action of the Club. 









V/ith the assistance and co-operation of the Institute the Art Club is 
establishing a studio for independent class work and discussion on art and ^ 
related topics. 






1 

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* II B 1 b - 2 - JilVaSII 

' ^ II B 1 c (2) 

II B 2 f Daily Jev/ish Courier , Jan. 4, 1923. 



II D 6 



Rhythmic and Fancy Dancing Class 



The Lbnday afternoon class in Rhythmic and Fancy Dancing v/ill resume ^ 
its regular sessions on lbnday afternoon, January 8, 1923, at 4 o* clock. ^ 



Parents interested in registering their children for this class should 
call at the office of the Jev;ish People's Insti^ite, 1268 V/. Taylor 
Street or telephone ila^.Tnarket 6400. 






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II B lb 
II B £ d (2) 



The Daily Tor Id, February 16, 1918 



J^rZZR 



WPA (:Ll; i^KUJ. 302/5 



THS Za^iIBITION of MORRIS " '^ISSiilNB^:^a»S PAINTIIIGS 

by 

K« I.larmer. 



The odd life of Morris V/eissenherg is an example of the remarkable pov/er 
of the artistic soul, that cannot be suppressed despite misery and want* 

Vi'eissenberr has loved art, since his childhood* He did not have the 
opportunity, as a child, to be j^"^®^ Q-^ artistic education. Remaining 
an orphan at an early age, no one rendered enough attention to his 
affectations, caprices, and "crazes." The artistically inclined child 
had no interest for anything that existed in his father's house. He 
was attracted to the solitude of nature • 



II B 1 b - 2 - JETVISH 

II B 2 d (2) 

WW (^Ll,) Phuj, JU^/,'5 
The Jewi sh Dai 1 y V.'or 1 d , February l6, 19l8« 

Conditions corrpelled him to follov/ the pe.th of his father and brotlier^ 
to adopt a business career, but he y.ras more poet than merchpnt and his 
dreams of strange beauties had more influence upon him than realities, 
with its accounts and profits. 

His quest for beauty destroyed his interest in physical v/ell being; he turned 
away from the material life end beg^n to seek the v/ill for \vhich his soul 
thirsted. He entered an art school and expected great results. He then married 
and acquired new obligations to fulfill. 

This set him on his travels. He thought he could better himself in America, 
but he v/as bitterly disappointed. He found out that here in the ''land of 
unheard of opportunities" there is a smaller place for dreams than in the country, 
in which he was born. 



II B 1 b 

II B 2 d (2) 



- 3 - 



JEFISr 



The Dai ly .Tor Id, February 16, 1918. 



^?^ aw RKnj. 30-5 



Life v/as very difficult for the dreaming-artist in America. His 
finest dreams v/ithered and disoeresed into dust» Yet. he did not e^ive 
up nis fight • Through pricking thorns end sharp stones, he broke his 
Y/ay 8Jid later became acquainted v/ith the -Irt Institute. Aside from 
nis heavy physical li.bor in a factoryt he also did some janitor work in 
the Art Institute, and in the Art school in order to be close to the 
source for which his artistic soul pined. 



In this condition of hard factory and janitor v/ork, he turned, two years 
ago, to the "Jevj-ish Art Friend," v/hich I, at that time, edited. Upon 
my request, he brought some of his v/ork..# .sketches on paper be- 
cause he had no money for canvas and paint. My first impression was, 
that here stands an artist of the most intimate opinion; an artist v/ho 
possesses, v/ithin his pov;er, the discover^/ of the mysterious movement of 
the soul. 



II B 1 b - 4 - JHTTISK 

II B 2 d (2) 

WPA (ILL) PROj. 50^75 . 

The Dally "orld, February 16^ 1916 • 

Unfortunate by 'Fhe Je-Tlsh Art Fri.end dissolved^ Yet, the artist's struggles 
did not oeasef. Later, Ivlorr-is .eissenberg had the opportunity, for a 

few months, to live for his art end the r-^sult v/as an exhibition of his 
works* 

Not all his oaintin.^s and sketches are the r^roduot of a fevr "honev 
months." A great part of them were made during a t^vo year period, v;hen 
the artist still worked phy'^ically and used to do his paintings before 
he went to v/ork* 



II B 1 b - 5 - J^JI^ 

II B 2 d (2) 

WPA(iLlJ^^O,;. 30275 

The Dally orldy February 16, 1918. 

The exhibition of Morris eissenber^'s paintings is arranged by a group 
of Jewish and non-Jevash art friends, v/ho are convinced, that they have 
discovered n. God-blessea artist, v/ho vfill pos.^ibly be a blessing to the 

race that bore him. 

The noted Chicago painter, Zdv/ard Tunan, expressed himself most clearly 
by picturing Morris ^.'eissenberg with the folioving v^ords: 

"No other thing touched me so, in the modern art v/orld, as the sketches 
and paintings of !«Ir. Iv'orriG eissenberg. They give me complete satis- 
faction, because they arouse in me, thoughts, actual thoughts, sentiment, 
deep sentiment. This artist is not interested in photographic genuiness 
of form, color, and so forth, but v/ith the reelity of God's nature, 
may it be a human being or a tree# 



II B 1 b - 6 - J^VI SH 

II B 2 d (2) 

WPA(iLL)PROi,o..27i> 

The Daily Vorld, February 16, 1918. 

"He is a dreamer and the v/orld v/ould certainly cease to exist if there 

would be no dreamers* Such persons as Triner, the English; 'ilhelm 
Moss, of Holland; Ivlile, of France; and "hestler, of Merica; these very 
persons have given the world such, that makes life v^orth living* 

"This artist endows us with inspiration, strong sentiment and promises 
us a golden future." 

The exhibition of Morris -eissenberg's painting v/ill open, February 18, 
in the art gallery of Moulton and Rlckerts, 71 T« Van Buren :it., and 
vail contain the follov/ing pieces: 



II B 1 b 

II B 2, d (2) 



- 7 - 



The Daily .or Id, February 16, 1916# 



JvTIS'I 



WPA(!LL.):^Rn,.:jd;.75 



1. Lonely Hours. 



8# My Museum. 



£• Darkness* 



9. A Son of Israel. 



3» The Peaceful Summer 



10. The Disappearance 



4. Drama. 



11. Elegy. 



5. Those '.Vho Are Hurt. 



12. Darkness, (sketch) 



6. Silence. 



13. A Pencil Study. 



7. Favorable. 



14. i^legy ( Irrangement). 



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II B 1 b - 8 - JE"1 SH 

II B 2 d (2) 

T:ie Daily ':orld. February 16,1918. VVFA (!LL.) PR0i.30?75 

Prom the above list, we can see that Morris .Zeiss enberg is a poet, a poet 
of strokes and colors, and a visit to his art exhibition will surely be 
an unusual artistic enjoyment* 









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JEWISH 



The Reform Advocate . Vol, UU, Wk. of Jan, 25, I913, v.JjG. 

4 

Mr. Harry Solomon, who has recently returned from Paris, where he con- 
tinued his art work, has on exhibition, in Sinai Social Center, a very 
"beautiful collection of portraits and drawings. 



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II. CONTRIBUTIONS 
AND ACTIVITIfiS 

B* Avocational & Intellectual 
!• Aesthetic 
c. Theatrical 
(1) Drama 




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II D 6 






The "oforn Advoc-ue. r!ay l6, 1931* "S 

The hi2;h spot of the v/eek in Qncu[;,o, particularly in the history of the 
Institute ?layers cT the Je;vi sh People's Institute, v/'^^s "he v/innin^; of first 
honors in the Drama Let^ ue Tournament held at the Goodman Theater last 
Sunday ni{^it» 

n 

The presentation of "The Dollar by David Tinski \ms av;arded the hi host single 
honor of the Tournanent fo^ •• t's^bril". i-int: sta^in^;^ and pres nt. ticn» The 
•3ilver Cup that has alv^ays been av;urded an..ually, v;as never' won twice by 
any or^i^uni zation* It was a happy comiany and director that broughts, after 
a stirrinK ccinpetition, the cup back again to the Jev/ish Peoplu'o institute. 






II 3 1 (:) - 2 - j-r: ilv 

II D 6 



The n r o rm . vdv c ca te | V.uy l6, 1931 • 






The cont .-t wi^s pi-rtici j.uted in by Greater Chicu^o or -jjanizu Lions. This ^Tj- 
cluded suburban companies. Sixteen Lit:le The^-ter^ comp^teLl i*nd reuresefeed 
independent and college: [-roups. The mt'tViod oC procedui^e \r s the sel ction 
of the four best, productions for a fin^ 1 r.hovdn^ I"i the finul showing the 
selection of one from the four \v:is mad-^ m ucuuxi* of the Institute* 

Last year tiic Institute Players v;on the cup v/ith "The Tenth Man". This 
triumph comes at the height of" the Institute /layers mos.: successful, artistic 
season. 

The settin^^s v/ere designed by Clive Ricktbau;:^. In the cast were "^ose Ccapp, 
l-olly Kr.mert Clarice '^'einert Charles S^/adeshf Herman Brodsky, .Cli Ta^^^e, 
Aalph 'Cchoolman, Louis Gitloz, Cam Addams and ~a\lph Cilverstein. Besides 
'vvinnin^ the trophy, the Institute 1 yers were awarded h^^nor-ble mention 
for the best diction. 



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J2VJISH 



II B 1 c (1) 

II B 2 f , 

II 3 1 

Forward , Apr* 10, 1931. 

A PLAY OF C¥iITGSTiiIR LIFE 
By The Jev/ish People* s Institute Players. 

''That llan*s Soul", a famous Chicago gangster draraa, \7ill be presented to- 
morrow and Sunday at the J"e-;ish Institute Theater. Tliis drama is interesting 
in that it gives the people a glimpse of the life of the unden*;orld. This 
play is directed by Charlec Freeman, director of the Institute's players. 

Many talented young players v.lll take part. 



II B 1 Q 

II B 1 a 

HI B 3 b 

III H 



JEWISH 



For^vard, Mar. 27, 1931. 
THE LAWimALS TII3AT2R 13 I^JUCING PREPAR^ITIOIT FOR RiSSOVEH 



A splendid, festive program of entertainment v;ill be presented in the Lawn- 
dale Theater, on the second night of the Passover. Theater lovers will enjoy 
a very interesting melodrama with delightful music. Jennie Gk>ldstein, pop- 
ular Jewish actress, will play the leading role. The name of the play is, 
^lier Grolden Dream." 

Miss Goldstein made a bi^^ hit with this role in New York, and it is certain 
that she will be a bi^^ success in Chicago also. 

This noted actress has been absent from Chicago for the last three years. 
During those years Miss Goldstein played on the English stage with enviable 
success. 



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The length of Miss Goldstein* s stay in Chicago is not detenained as yet. 
However, she may perform here for at least six weeks. 




- 2 - JEWISH 

Forward , Mar. 27, 1931. 

Miss Goldstein is beginning her performance Thursday night. 

The coming program in the Lawndale Theatre will include Morris Schwarts, 
Molly Picon, and Michael Michalesco. 

Last Sunday night, the well-known Oelia Adler bid farewell to her Chicago 
fans. The theater was filled with admirers who came to say good«by, to 
her, and also to see her in the title role of "Street Women." 

The plot of the show was gay and sad in turn. The performance was 
splendid. Miss Adler was unique in her role. 

The artistic performances of the two famous Hebrew actors, formerly with 

the Moscow Art Theater, and later with the Habima, have aroused great interest 

among the intelligent theater patrons. 




« • 



- 3 - JS.:ISH 

/or.vard , lar. 27, 1931. 

. These noted artists v;ere hicHly praised for their artistic perfon^ancGS by 
Gorki, Stanislavsky Shaliapin and noted Jev;ish critics. 

iv;r. Yardi is an exceptional comedian, his characterizations bringing laughter 
and happiness to his audiences. 

iviadam Yoliet v/ill recite passages froi'i the Ldble and also Hebrev/ poer.is frorn 
classical and iiodern Palestine • 

Vardi v:ill play roles from his ovm plays. :.e v/ill perform scenes from the 
Russian Revolution and sho?; pictures of .-j.ierican-Jev/ish life and scenes from 
Italy and ralestine. • 

i'^jaong his popular presentations v;ill be the ''Jewish Lother;'' "Trotzky near 
the Red Square;" '^The Japanese and the Jen Tribes;'^ "Jhree tmd vour;^' '^Sabbath 
in a small '^own,'^ and nur.ierous other worth while and entertaining numbers. 




II B 1 c (1 ) 



JEWI SH 



I 



Chicaf^o Hebrew. Institute Ot) server , Novern'ber 21, I929.. 
KBHAm-t I-.OIffiVSKY lOTV DIHl'iCTOH OF DRW'IATISHH: GEZELSHAJ^?. 



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The Dramatishe Ge^elshpft (Jewish Art Plryers) h?ve "been successful in 
engpging the services of !.!r. Ahrshpin Morevsl<y for their d.vp.meXic director <^ 
of this forth-coming season. Mr. !.!orevs>y is one of the founders, of the i 

famous Wilner Troupe, rn actor and director of note .?Jid a prominent Jour- , 
nalist, besides. Ke expects the first perfomc?nce to he ^^iven in the last 
pa-rt of December, just before the ITev.^ Yep.r, Some of the plays nvovosei. by 
him for the re-oertoire this season are - Herod, by Alter Katzizne; Rags, by 
H. Leivick, and the Merchant of Venice. 

The work of the Drcjr.atishe Crezelshaft is too well loiown in the Chicago 
Jewish community to need elaborate exoloitation here. All who are inter- 
ested in good literary and artistic production in Yiddish will be glad of 
the op"oortunity given them by the intensification of the good work of the 
Jewish Art Players under their neyj director. 



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JE-'1SH 



T3I 



Chicago Hebrew Institute Observer, November 14, 1929, 



O 



BERNARD SIIA'T'S ARt/S AND THE MAN TO BE CT..3ED EY THE. INSTITUTE PLAYERS GUILDr 

Immediately upon the heels of the Institute players guild definite success gj 
with Molnars Liliom comes the announcement that Bernard Shaws* outstanding 
comedy Arms And The Man , will be produced December 1« V/hen the guild announced 
its plans during the opening weeks of the season, there was much comment at 
the ambitious program of the players group* 

Never had any organization definitely planned a new production every month 
of an outstanding play. But the large playing organization of the guild with 
it excellent theatre equipment, places it in a position whereby big things 
can not only be planned, but accompli shed« 

In choosing Arms' And The !'/an , the Institute Players Guild seizes the Irish- 
dramatist's most outstanding comedy. Thavian to the final line, it has a 
plot development that keeps an audience in continuous laughter throughout 
the play. 



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II B 1 c (l) 



JEWISH 






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Chicago Hebrew Institute Observer, November 14, 1929* 

Arms And The Mari t needs little introduction to followers of what is best inthe, 
theatre and foremost in dramatic Literature* '^- 

It presents an anti-romantic satire interlarded with dialogue that fairly 
scintillates with good fun# ViThen done in London, the Illustrated London News 
said of it, "There is more thought, more wit, more accomplishment inthis play 
than any piece before the Boards. ■ Again referring to the files of newspaper 
acclaim, the Athenaeum, (famed London paper), said, "Shaws comedy, after being 
kept out of sight formany years, is now revealed to usas a classic." 



.4*^ 



Arms And The Man » is actually chock full of wit and good humor. The story of 
the soldier of fortune who seekr relief from capture in a Bulgarian lady s 
bed chamber and in so doing upsets a sham- romantic romance is as modern today 
as it ever was. In fact, the piece could have well been written in this modern 
day. The Guild Company has a well selected cast and rehearsals for the play 
are progressing rapidly. 



II B 1 c (1) 

III ^3 



JS^'-^ISH ^ 



Chica^?^<> Ilebrew Institute Observer, September 19, 1929. 

JUNIOR SEPH^RDIC league flans PSTTIVITIES to celebrate FIRfT ANNIVERS.-RY. 

TText month will complete one year of existence for the Junior Sephardic League 
which was so successfully organized a year ago, and whose program since that 
time has been very active and intense one. Under the capable direction of 
Miss Brichke, its leader, the group has shown itself to great advantage in 
8 series of dramatic productions, which were presented from time to time« 

As a culminating effort of its first year of existence, the group is preparing 
a play known as "Hot Air." The cast has already been selected and the re- 
hearsals will begin this coming week. The work is a comedy, replete with 
numerous situations that tend to evoke much laughter from an audience. At 
Its meeting on September 15, the group initiated several new members in a 
manner that was both novel and terrifying in its aspect. A delightful informal 
social with an appropriate entertainment accompanied the initiation. 



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II B 1 c (1) JEWISH 



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CHICAGO HEBR]^ INSTITUTE , 1928 

Observer ^3 






a. 



Drama Department Planning Important Productions ^^ 

Recognizing the fact that the drama is one of the most, if not the most, 
democratic of the ?rts, the Institute has always given the theatre the pre- 
sentation of good plays and the development of latent acting talents and a 
prominent place in its program of activities. But in its marvelously equip- 
ped new home on -Douglass Boulev^^rd and St. Loiiis Avenue, the Institute is go- 
ing to do something more than just this. 

The theatre in this new "building marks a dex)art\ire in non-commercial 
dramatic enterprises. Indeed there are few theatres, even in the commercial 
field of the legitimate drama, that are a match for it so far as stage arrange- 
ments, acoustics, seating capacity, comfort end atmosphere conducive to the 
presentation and enjoyment of plays are concerned. Ihis co"i:?)led with the addi- 
tional rehearsal facilities, the zeal, experience and ability of Kenneth Croft, 
the director of dramatics, and the enthusiastic actors of the Players Club, as- 
sures the community of many seasons of rare and delectable theatrical entertain- 
ment . 



II B 1 c (1) page 2. JBfflSH 



CHICAGO HEBREW INSTITUTE , 1928 ^ 



©"b server 



^^ 



*. 



Moreover, there is in the new "building a poetically picturesque roof ^\ 
garden which will also he used hy the dramatic department for the staging of 
plays. Two plays, one a serious drama and the other a li^t comedy, will be 
produced there this summer. Rehearsals on these pieces have been in progress 
for some time now and the casts are very nearly ready for public presentation. 

The cast for '^39 East" by Rachael Crothers, scheduled as the opening piece 
for the new theatre proper, is almost complete — there remain but four parts to 
fill. Among the play? being considered for subsequent production are, "The 
Truth About Blaydes" by A. A. Milne, "We Moderns" by Israel Zangwill, and a num- 
ber of extra-ordinary, one act pieces by Conrad Seller, Pinski and others. 

Mr. Croft needs a few more persons, particularly men, to complete his act- 
ing staff. This means an exceptional opportunity for progress and development 
for young people who have set their minds on stage careers. 



II B 1 c (1) page 3. JEWISH 






/^ 



CHICAGO HEBREff INSTITUTE , 1928 

©"bserver 






"tu 



To Present Best Yiddish Plays 



Another, and equally important division of the Institute's activities 
in the field of the drama is that of the presentation of Yiddish plays. This 
is under charge of the Yiddishe Literarishe \m Dramatishe Gesselshaft, which 
organization has established an enviable reputation for itself among the Yid- 
dish speaking element of the city by virtue of its excellent production of first 
rate plays, 

For the coming season this Yiddish speaking group is securing a director 
from New York and scheduling two productions a week in the theatre of the new 
biiilding. The Yiddish players promise t9 give the community the best the Jew- 
ish drama has to offer. 



II B 1 C (1) 
IV . 



JEWISH 



The Reform Advocate , Vol. 69 • Wk*of April4,1925APage 30% 



Yiddish Art Theatre Society will give a midjiight performance 
at the Central Park Theatre on April 11. This organization 
was formed for the purpose of establishing in Ghgo. an 
Art Theatre in Yiddish. The Society has the support of many 
prominent men in Crigo., ajaong them are;- Judge Hugo Pam, 
Nathan Kaplan, and Rabbi Leon Fram. 



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II B 1 c (1 ) . JEWISH 






^ 



The Reform Advocate . Wk. of Aug. 11, I923, Yol. 66, p.3U, 






% 

With the arrival in Chicago of the noted Jewish writer pud dramatic pro- "^ 

ducer, Mark Schweid, the Jewish Literary and Dramatic Society celebrates 
its fifteenth anniversary, Mr. Schweid will aid the organization in pro- 
ducing "The Treasury," hy David Pinsky, which will mark the beginning of 
a drive for a fund of $150,000 to establish the proposed Chicago Little 
Theater. 



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\1 



JSV/ISH 
Daily Je-vish Courier > Lay 18, 1925. 
ON THE RJBLIC RCoTRUli 

by 

J, Loebner 

Hebraists and all those vjho are interested in keeping the flarme of Judaism 
from bein:: e::tincuished in our younf. c^neration are expected to come to Temple 
Judeah, Independence Boulevard, Tuesday eveninc. 'The Larshall Hebrev; Club ^. 
v/ill loresent a Hebrev/ play entitled "Doctor Ghirul:". 'J 

7.1iat is the Marshall Eehvevi Club? It is a student organization of the liebrev; J 
classes in John i:arshall High School, and is under the supervision of the con- ,^ 
potent Hebrev; teacher, S. Selicr.ian, the author of the play. Tl^e Hebrev; classes ^ 
in the John Llarshall Hi^h School v/ere inaugurated at the request of Harry I.:. 
Lipsky, when he was a member of the Board of Education. Tlianlcs to Ij?* Lip- 
sky, such classes ?/ere also opened in the Lledill Hich School. 

Our r)urr>ose in vantinr this is to induce you to attend this Hebrev; performance* 



II B 1 c (1) - 2 - JEV;iSK 

III A 

III E Daily Jevrish Courier , Llay 18, 1923. 

I A 1 b 

II D 10 By doiiit; so you v;ill not only encourage the boys and girls to 

III E continue their study of Eebrev;, vmich v;ill inspire them v/hen 
II 3 2 g they become older to accomplish sonethinc for Judaisii, but you 
^^ Y/ill also show the coirj .unity to v/hat extent you support the extra 
funds v/ith v/hich the Hebrev: classes are taxed. 



1 1 



J 
o 



That the boys and f.irls v;ho attend the Hebrev; classes in John Larshall Hi^h 
School are narchinc on the road to Judaism can be seen by the generous dona- 
tions that they are nivinc for Jev/ish national undertakings and for local charity^_ 
They have contributed ciuite a sijaii to the Hejrev; Hayesod (exchequer of the 
'.'Jorld Zionist Cr^anization) and to L'oes Ghitin (fund to provide the poor v;ith 
food on Passover). They also stand on r^ard to protect, as 'veil as elevate, 
the Jev/ish rionor. In these classes, they attend lectures on Jev/ish history 
and religion . Tliis season's lectures v/ere c^ven by Rabbi Almond, Rabbi Fram, 
Rabbi Cohen, RaLbi Ifeslzal and I'.v. Lipsky. 

Samuel Skolnik, Harry Herkik, iuma '..'olak, Dorothy Frankel, Alvin Berman, Janet 



II B 1 C (1) - 3 - JE-.TSH 

III A 

III E Daily Jev;ish Courier > Lay 18, 1923. 

I A 1 b 

II 13 10 Goodman, Ben Brods ::% and John /ilbert v.-ill participate in 

III II the play. Let us rive -oheri a hearty v;elcoi;ie at their preiuiere, 

II B 2 rr Thus 7'e shall ■..•ronote love and resr^ect for Judaisn in our renera- 
IV 



tion. 



* V 



II B 1 e (1 ) 
II B 1 d 



JEitflSH 
Dally Jewish Courier , Jan. 12, 1922. /fo^ o> 

OHE/ITSR AND ART \^.. <b 



cy 



All those who are interested in literature, and who would like to see plays 
of literary merit presented on the Jewish stage, will be very glad to hear 
that Sholom Asoh*s new play, **The Dead Man,** is going to be presented. 

The Literary Dramatic Society, vftiich intends to present good literary plays, 
will present Sholom A8ch*s newest drama, **The Dead Uan**^ for the first time 
in America* Performances wi^.l be given on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and 
Thursday evenings, January 23, 24, 25 and 26, at Glickman^s Palace Theater. 
Mr. Abraham Teitelbaum will direct the play, as well as act in it; and the 
irtxole dramatic society vrill participate. The scenery will be especially de- 
signed by the artist Ostrousky, and special music will be composed for this 
occasion by a member of the musical society, Hazimrah, Mr* Cheriawsky* All 
lovers of art will undoubtedly wish to see this fine literary production to 
be presented by the Literary Dramatic Society. 



II B 1 c (1) 



JEWISH 



Daily Jev/lsh Courier , Dec* 16, 1921 • 

^ffiW THEATER GROUP FORIuE^ 

There has been organized in Chicago a Hebrew dramatic association called 
•^abimo,'^ which aims to present, from time to time, literary dramas in 
Hebrew, since there is a demand for them. The first production will be 
given at the end of January, 1922. "GrO And. Relate,** a play by Sholom Asch, 
will be presented^ Participating in the play will be S# Sheinberg, Isaak 
Spector, Mrs. Spector, Rpiedman, and others. The Habimo v/as founded on the 
initiative of Dr. Agrant, Ben- Ami, Shomer, S. Lewad, and others. 




II Q 1 c (1 ) 



Forvard, February 4, 1921# 



Youth Dramatic Club. 



JMISH 



WPA (ILL) PRO.!. 30275 



Sunday evening, February 5th, in Hull House Theater 



will be presented. 



The St ranger by Jacob Gk>rdon 



II B 1 c (1) 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PRO.. 30275 



Forward, January 20, 1921. 



The Literary Dramatic Society is studying at present, Peretz Hirshbein's 
'•Downhill'' - a drama in U acts. The Society intends to present this drama 
Sunday, January 30th, in the Princess Theater. 



II 3 1 c (1) 



JvfflSH 

WPA(1LL)PRCJ.30275 



Porvard. Octolser ?^, I32O. 



YoTing Men's Dramatic Club. 

All the royalists who ta^^e part in the intelli<irent pipy of Feretz IIirshl>ein are 

cordially invited to attend the rehearsal. 

Hull House Theater 
Ealsted and Polk Sts. 



II 3 1 c (1 ) '-'""^"^ 

^m. i\ll) PROi. 30275 

Forv^ard, Octcter 7, 1920. 
Sunday, Octolier 2Uth, 192C. A Sig Celetration. 

The Yiddish Literary Drametic Society will celetrpte a holiday in the Princess 
Theater, downtown, iu honor of the opening of a permanent Literary 'Tlieater in 

Chicago. The play rill he the well known drama, Ya-nkele Boyla. 

hy L. "ohrian. 

The Socialist orchestra v;ill plsy incidental music. It will he a great puhlic 
event. 



II B 1 c (1 ) 



JEWISH 



?orr£Td, Octoter 7, I92O 



WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 



Church Pells, 
"by, Ahraham Reizen. 

The sta^e settings were desired hy Jonah Spiva>. 

The music v;ill "be furnished under the direction of !.!r. Z. Shaffee. 



rn 



The Jevash Socialists Singing Society will participate^ 



« X ^ 



^ \-^ J 



f^ 






Progressive Dri'.matlc Yo^it^ 



W?A (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



The Pro£:ress*ve T^r-inatlc ^o-ith v/ill 
hol:^- a -^leetir^ this evenin.; 1^. the 



T.or.:ers I^"3tit-:j.te. 



II B 1 c (1) 



J2WI^ 



V- P,' /;M 



Forward . Feb. 7, 1919. ' '''' '■'■^■> ^^:.! ■in?-. 

JEWISH-FOLK STAGS 

V/anted - - - Jewish talented men and v/omen to join our club. Our work 
is Literary/- folk theater. V/e teach Reading, Reciting and Elocution. Come 
to our Literary meeting, Friday night, the 7th of February, 1919, in 
Douglas Park Auditorium, 3202 Ogden Ave. 



II B 1 c (1) 

II 3 1 a 

III B 2 
I B 4 
III A 
III H 

I G 



JjjLTISH 



Daily Jev/ish Courier , Apr. 28, 1915 



HATIKVAH OIT TlIS STAOE 



(Editorial) 



To see 1000 or 1200 persons on a Thursday afternoon in a packed theatre, 
and all Jev/s who had cone to see a dramatic portrayal of Hatilcvah (Jewish 
national anther: ) , is, of itself, surprisin.^. But a mu'ch ,r^reater surprise 
is the production itself, particularly since it comes to us quite unex- 
pectedly, and fron a class from mora ;ve v;ould least expect such a pro- 
duction. 



Usually, it is assuiaed t .at the South Side Jev;s of the well-to-do class, 
particularly the Gerrian Jews, are as far removed from concern about Zion 
and the hope of a I.'essiah, as East is from ./est. From outward appearances, 
this v/ould seem to be the case. That which is usually heard from the 
pulpits in the Temples will not satisfy the listener's desire for the 
ancient Jewish ideal, for a homeland in Palestine. 




- 2 - Jii]V;i3H 



II 3 1 c (1) 

II 3 1 a 

III B 2 Daily Jevjjsh Courier , Apr. 28, 1916. 
13 4 

III A For this reason the perforr.aance of the one-act play, **Hatilcvah,** 
III H yesterday at the Chicago Art Institute, nust have been a tremendous 
I C surprise to the large audience, chiefly composed of /imerican- 

Greman Jews, both men and wonen. This v/as more of a religious 
service t:ian a theatrical performance, although Greek art in the form of 
dancing was commingled with the deep Jewish content of the masterpiece. 
Even the Jewish songs, "Palaces of Stone" and "On The Forepart of an Oven 
Burns A Fire" v/hich were sung in a somev/hat Crormanic style, evoked deep 
feeling and typically Jev;ish sentiment. 

The symbolism of t:ie entire play — the young daughter, "Zion," who is blind, 
regains sight when "Hatikvah" appears, the sanctity of the Sabbath which 
is observed without bread and wine, and the vision of the young daughter, 
"Zion," of a land and a home in the future — must have spoken forcefully 
to the hearts of the assembled Jevjs, even v/hen tae hope in their hearts 
has been long obscured. I:any eyes v;ere wet, and v/hen the climax was 
reached, an atmosphere of sanctity pervaded the audience v;hich kept them 
from applauding. Later, applause broice out \-jheii the pla^.Ti^'^ht , LIrs. 
Jacob Abbet was ^resented to the audience. 




II 3 1 c (1) - 3 - Jj^LSH 

II B 1 a 

III 3 2 Daily Jewish Courier , Apr. 28, 1915. 
I B 4 

III A There is no doubt but that this perrornance, and the many others 
III H that v/ill surely Tollow, v/ill increase the inenbership of the_ 
I Palestine ".Welfare Oonmittee who arranged t:iis pro^r^ra:.!. It /the 
pla^also suits the Jev/ish consciousness, and the love for Zion, 
even in those quarters where these sentiments have long been weakened. 
In this manner it will deliver a pertinent sennon which is not heard 
from the oulr)its in the temoles. 




II B 1 c (1 ) 



JZWISH 



Chica^ Hebrew Institute Ot server, December, 19l6* 






The Players Clul)» by Lester Alden* 

The Players Club was organized October 1, 1910, with the purpose in view 
of instituting a dramatic department in connection with the activities of 
the Chicago Hebrew Institute, conducted under the direction of a profes- 
sional and experienced director^ 

The new season (the seventh) opened September 6, with a most encouraging 
enrollment of students* These young people are so imbued with the spirit 
of enthusiasm and love for the study of drama, that their interest becomes 
identical with that of the head of the department, whose aim is to establish 
a standard in this brand of art tmequalled at axsy institution of the nature 
of the Chicago Hebrew. Institute* Its results speak for themselves when, 
on the second Sunday of every month (excepting Summer) , performances are 
given on the stage of the Institute, which, for coxspleteness of detail in 
diction, enunciation, expression and acting are excelled only on the profes- 
sional stage* 









A--*-* 


- ■ ' 


/'-'■^ 






II B 1 c (1) 


1 


II B 1 c (3) 




I & 









JEWISH 



Chica^ Hebrew Institute Observer, December, 1915». 







C!hildren»s Biblical Plays, 

A panorama of historical chare^cter and events, commemorated and hallowed by 
ages of uninterrupted observance, is conjured up on our common-place stage by 
the young actors of the Jewish Festival Club through the presentation of Bib- 
lical plays at seasonable times. An illusion of ancient Egypt, Persia, Babyl- 
on, of the far-famed vineyards and stately palms of Judea, of the Patriarch's 
humble tent and the splendor of an oriental court, of times when both divine . 
prophecy and artistic culture formed the attributes of our people, is carried 
across the footlights, communicating a sense of beauty and pleasure to the 
impressionable minds of thousands of Jewish children who attend these perform- 
ances. 

Unfortunately, there has been little or no systematic development along the 
lines of specifically Jewish juvenile entertainment. The supply of Biblical 
plays and authentic entertaining material is limited, and after a few 










% 



-Si 



O 



Page 2 

II B 1 c (1 ) 

II ^ 1 c 6) 

IS JEWISH 

Chicago Hebrew Institute Observer, December, 1915« ^ 

successive presentations the stock is exhaust ed» It is because of this fact 
that function of such a club becomes a vsiluable asset of Jewish education, 
4?he members, though largely composed of children, are enabled through the re- 
sources of Biblical lessons and general studies to contribute many useful and 
beautiful ideas which are frequently incorporated in our plays with good advan- 
tage* 

The following outline will illustrate the general progress of a play* About a 
month prior to the production, a survey is made of all historical, traditional 
and customary observances relating to the particular festival* All the dramatic 
material on hand is read and discussed; from which the best is selected, and what 
is lacking, is supplied by home talent during rehearsals* Great care, however, 
is taken not to overtax the capacity of the youthful mind with cumbersome de- 
tail, relying more upon the natural dramatic instinct of the child, especially 
the Jewish child, to whose highly developed intellectual and emotional perception 



Page 3 

II B 1 c (1 ) 
II B 1 c (3) 
I G 



*■■..■ 









JEWISH 



"7 



'P 

>:?• 



■^ 



Chicago Hebrew Institute Observer, December, 1915* "^ 



the Biblical narrative combining the allegory of wonderland with historical 
truths, is especially adopted. The Sabbath school girl versed In her history 
finds no difficulty in portraying a Hannah, and in the same way does the boy 
fresh from the Hebrew school identify himself easily with the character of 
either Abraham or Isiah, with whose words and deeds he.is. familiar. Of late 
the character of our plays have tindergone a decided change* Coinciding with 
the Peace Program, adopted by all the children's classes of the Institute, 
the children of the Festival Club have eliminated every play on which the 
heroism of war is eulogized. In dramatizing the Maccabean victory, it is the 
spirit of devotion and self sacrifice that forms the theme of the play rather 
than the display of martial valor, and whenever it is possible to do so, 
instead of the customary battle scenes and battle hymns, the gentle message 
of the dove of Peace has been substituted. It may be added, in conclusion, 
that the methods adopted by this unique branch of Jewish educational train- 
ing have proved highly effective. 



Page k 

II B 1 c 
II B 1 c 

I a 



■y 



\ 



1) 

3) 






JEWISH 



Chicago Hebrew Institute Observer , December, 1915* 

The club, which is now coinpleting its second year, has a record of celebra- 
ting every national holiday, besides special performances and individual 
readings and recitations^ The membership is unusually large, attendance is 
regular, and the audiences that nearly always fill the hall to its capacity 
have been appreciative and enthusiastic, justifying a continued and greater 
effort in the future. 



>«■. 



%•• 



I, ' f 



, •/ 



II 3 1 c (1) JEWISH 




^ 



Chicago Eel^rew Institute Olpgerver^ Kovemlier, 1912. -^ 



o 



Dramatic Class. 



The dramatic class of the Pla^^ers Cluh of the Chicago Hehrew Institute was 
conducted on the same hasis as it v/as last year, naiaely, under the direct '. 
auspices of the club. Seven plays were presented in the course of the 
season, which were ver^'' \vell attended. Recently a children's department 
was started. It is too early, however, to forecast an;^'' results for this 
new activity if properly conducted, however, there seems to he a good field 
for work of this sort, V/e regret to report that the relationship of the 
cluh to the Institute has as yet, despite our efforts, not "been as clearly 
defined as we would wish to hs.ve it. 



4P 



,1 

A ■ 



II B 1 c (1) JEWISH y..^ 

O'b server , Noven'ber, 1912, i^^ 

Chicago HelDrew Institute. -^ 



Mr, Nathai'i Goldstein, who hr-s yiP..L Tinuff»aal success with the Young Pla;^'^er's 
Glu"b, has organized "Tlie Richard Mansfield Jiiniors," who devote themselves 
to dramatics and social activity. Thev already-" have a memhership of 20 toys 
and girls, from the ages of 13 to I5. 

Nearly all the raemhers live from 5 to 10 miles from the Institute and their 
willingness to m.ake the trip attests to the usefulness of the work accom- 
plished. 

It is expected that within a few weeks "A Scholar's Convention," "by Julia 
H, lla^i^, v/ill ho preisented. 



% 



% 



\ 



II B 1 c (1) 
II D 6 



JEWISH 



^VPA OIL) Puoj, 3G2^^ 



Courier . November 10, 1911. 

Chicago Cook Pot. 

The Literary-Dramatic Club came to life again, and became very active once 
more. 

The Hebrew Institute is giving a play, the ■Eternal Song" and also other 
National Jewish songs composed by Mr, S. Bubenstein and Miss Tania Mesiraw. 
With these productions, the Dramatic Club is again trying out their intelli- 
gentsia and are most hopeful that it will be a success. 

This production is scheduled for Sunday Evening, Nov. 19th. 



II B 1 c (1 ) 

II D 5 



J£WI SH 



The Reform Advocate . Vol. 3S, Wk. of Nov, 27, IJOg. pp.590-591. 

A movement has "been sterted to establish a theater in the Chicago He'brev; 
Institute, The organizers have handed themselves to^^^ether into a cluh 
called the Chica<^o Hehrew Institute Players. Works hy the foremost dra- 
matists of the world will he presented. The cluh already numhers 90 mem- 
hers who are lending themselves most zealously to this project of estahlish- 
ing a theater. The first play to he pre'^ented this season will he Ihsenfe 
"Dollys House." The dra^a^tic instructor of the cluh is Ralph Raphael and 
the president, Bertha Loeh, The committee on organization and drama, 
include Mrs. Herhert Morris, Mrs. Joseph Fish, Dr. David Blaustein, Max 
Klee and Milton Hart. 







.. % 



*T3 



( 
I 



-<3 
-^5 



II B 1 c (1 ) JEWISH 

Messenger , November 1, I309. 

Chicago Hebrev^ Institute. '^4 

A People's Stage Needed. 

Experience has demonstrated conclusively that the people see?c spontaneously, * 
to express themselves, their ideals and aspirations in dramatic form. The 
Institute encourages all such expression and hopes to establish a dramatic 
center where the stuc3y and production of the best in the drama will be en- 
couraged. 

A dramatic club with dramatic study classes has been formed and e.n effort is 
to be made to gfther around this a clientele of sincere lovers of the best in 
dramatic art. The stage needs elevating and this organization will, in time, 
sprecd. the leaven that will affect the entire community and make it worth- 
while for actors and managers to present the best things possible for this en- 
lightened body of patrons of the theater. Opera as v/ell as drama will find a 
place on the people's stage. The production of good music and classic opera, 



Page 2 

II E 1 c (1) 






JEWISH 



Messenger , Novemlier 1, I509 



at such rates as will attract people of moderate means and at the same time, 
furnish an opportunity for those interested in music to study and produce 
music, V7ill he the work of a division of the Players Cluh, which vdll devote 
itself exclusively to the ohject of providing a musical education for the 
people, hy the people themselves. 









n B 1 (1) 

III 6 3 b 






JEWnSH 






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,.\ 



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r--v" "-:■ . • '<'■!'■■■-■ •' ■ ' "■ 



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f-WPA (ILL) pftoj. 30275 

The Couriart Deoeraber 9, 1907« 






T.^!-* ■' .1 1: 



r^^?^::S';^«•' • ^> - - \ THE ORPHANS' CONCERT. 



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■^♦;- ■ .' ••' 



Orar infO thousand men and women appeared in a mass meeting at the Harks v ^^| 
Nathan Orphans Home to see a Ctoanukah play produced by the orphans of the 

home • ^^:<^:0-:f '■-'":'-■>'•• '■•''■ ■-''■. .:. . ^- r- ■ : ..^'.;-.^^-- - _^_^. .•■•-. _-,, :■-' .^"■^^:';^ 

The play was very artistically performed for it seemed that the children 5 M| 
were very much talented in the art of drama* Although the place was rather-- 
small t and crowded to capacity t the behavior of the audience was very orderly 
for the play ha.d such an effect on the crowd that they were only too eager ^; : 






• if'. ■ •.' ■ -i- - 



f vf The Chanukah drama was played in four acts and dealt with the time of Judas 
Maccabeeac* Abe DamoUf who performed the role of the Jewish hero, was re- 



'■>A^ 



'^■'^^•^'■'^-'-^x^iYedi with stormy applauset and when little Lena Cohen played the role of - }^ 
the sad unfortunate mother of seven sons^ the audience could not hold back v^^ 



.■vcik'":^vt 



their tear8# 



f . ■ .•■■• -■-.. ■■ .- ."--'" ■^v'.:«: .r--f:-:--'-^K:^y 



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II B 1 (1) , - -2- EJVinSH 

r--, - iiiB3b ' , :_ *^<^^U pro;. 30275 






i ^M^^^^^^ 1907» ' "^ 

'•■■.'■ V -A V •*"■.■■.■«<.'■■'■* " ' ■ - - • • V . • 

i,M^^^^.:/i;K''>:: The Harris ohildren who pleisred the roles of Aritiuch and Apolonius, portrayed 

the ingratitude of these two oharaoters in a most talented manner* Ethel 






^,^.^^X^J^' Brawn who played the role of Iburiant the bride of the Jewish herOf was also 
? greeted with applause* 

;'-v\..-t.; ■' • -■ .;. _ \,., ..._,. . . •- _"-. . - ■■ I . _ ■.■■,,; • ■■'> ■ ■ - .'^■ 



i^-.r- ■-■■••i 






The Jews of Chicago never before witnessed suoh great talent among such young 
ohildren as they found in this holy institution! the Marks Nathan Orphans 
Home* -:-x^^h-: -. ^.^. .-^.w_ ^_ _ ^ ^^^. , :.^. -,. _-...^ 



, -i-V ■ . <' • ' . - ■. 



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II B 1 c' (1) 

I S 



7^ 



The Reform Advo cate. Yol*21, p.»305, Pebroary- August, I5OI. ' 

About September 1359 there was in existence a Jewish organisation, 
known as^ the Excelsior Club, which was noted for its theatrical performance "^ 
and mijLsical entertainments. Mr* E. Salomon headed this club, which consisted "" 



of about seventy-five members. ^ 



'.'-I 



II B 1 c (1 ) 

III B 2 



JEWISH 



The Reform Advocate, Wk. of July 29, 1S99. p,670. 



The Yiddish play, '^At the Wailing Wall," which is intended to place "before the 
Jews the necessity of the Zionist movement, was given its first production 
at Metropolitan Hall, Jefferson and O'Brien streets, last Friday night. Leon 
Zolattkoff is the author of the play. "At the Wailing Wall," deals with the 
persecution of Bussiai Jews. 






•—4 



II B 1 c (1 ) 
II D 3 



JEWISH 






The Reform Advocate , Wk. of April 11, 1896. p. 186. 

- .^ 

The Chicago Dramatic Club, coir^josed of Jewish young gentlemen and la- 
dies, will present three one-act comedies, at the Oakland Music Hall, The en- 
tertainment is given for the benefit of the Michael Seese Hospital. 




!!• CONTRIBUTIOIB 
AND ACTIVITIES 

B. Avocational and Intellectual 
1. Aesthetic 
c. Theatrical 

(3) Festivals, Pageants, 

Fairs and Expositions 





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II B 1 c (5) 33Va3H 

III H " ' Abenclppst, July 30, 19,54, 

jE/iTJii ijiiymvii SHC J GrWJi^ apf:^07:.\l t^y fifty tucus^vld 3f:2C'l.iohs 

"2pic of a Nation" Staged Impressively 

About fifty thouisand attended the ci*^£^t Jev/ish festive show "Spic of a Nation*' 
at Soldiers' Field yest'^rdaj'', with which the Jewish Da^'- reached its highest 
point at the ^ferld's Fair. Four thousand years of the hiP>tory of the Jevjish ^ 
people v^re syiuboli7.ed in the show in a realistic ranner* It found an enthu- 5 
siastic reception on the part of the spectators. ^^ 



-o 



The individual episodes v/ere carefully selected and arranged in accordance 

with historic facts. It resiilted in portrayals which must have made an over- g 

pov/ering impression upon non-Jei73# 



CO 



It is knov/n that the Jewish people have behind them a history of tribulations S 
and assaults inflicted upon then. Indeed, as indicated more than once, they 
are not fully spared from such trials even today. These various persecvitions 
v/ere vividly nortrayed in scenes ^j^iich took us back to the times of the 






II B 1 C (3^) - 2 - JEVJISH 

III H 

Abendpos t. July 30, 1934. 

Spanish Inquisition in v/liich Torquenada ^j:ave the Jev;s the alternative of 
either becoming'; convertod to Christi'inity or bein^; subjected to unspeakable 
tortui-'os in the torture clianberso 

In this connection the choir intoned "Ei Liiley Hakhaniin/' the hymn so ivell 
knownto every Jev;, and which \7as made all the more inpressive by the choir* s 
bein£: placed in deepoot darkness r/hile the altar, around which the singers 
were .grouped, gleaned in a bri{;^:ht {^ov; of fire. 

A later picture, based upon the predictions of the prophets who promised the *-g 
Jev/ish people salvation and eternal peace, made an effective impression in 
a triumphant proces3ion of torches, symbolizing the eventual triumph of the 
persecuted people. Still later, the festive show used Palestine as its 
back-^rDund where the Jev/ish people hiid built homes and where they rnic^ht be 
undisturbed in their peaceful modes of livinco 

The fin'-tle was staged to pay homage to the land of the Stars and Stripes in 
Y;hich the Jewish people can enjoy full freedom, with equal rights guaranteed 






• 



II B 1 c (5) - 3 - jg:/r3H 

III H 

Abendpo3t , July 30, 1934. 

them* 

The sincing or the national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner," brought the 
imposing festival to an end. 

The sliov/ v/as preceded by spe-jches by Congressman 3am[iiel Dickstein, and by 
the v/ell-knovm Zionist, Alexander Kahn, both of whom v;ere from New York« 
Dickstein pointed out t;.at the next Congress will take issue with the Nazi 
propaganda and other un-American activities which have recently become 
noticeable in this count r^^. Kahn directed his attack particularly against 
Hitler and the persecution of Jews in Nazi Gemnany, condemning both xvith 
the sharpest of phrases. Hitler's name was mentioned repeatedly by other 
speakers, too; but the audience took these remarks without any demonstrations, 
xvhich v;ould have created an unpler^sant situation. 



II B 1 c (^) amnsH ^ 

III B 3 b '^ 

Chicago Jewish Chronicle < October 13 f 1933* ^^ 



! 






ANNOUNCE CHANUKAH FESTIVAL. Vo 



r 



^ 



A Chanukah Celebration will be given Wednesday evening, December 13 f 
at the Civic Oi^ra House, Uax Shulman, president of the Zionist Organi- 
zation of Chicago annoiinced* 

•Our Chanukah Festival," Mr. Shulman stated, "will be as notable in its 
way as the great Stadium pageant we g ve last Chanukah* An original 
dramatic and musicsil program presented by artists of the first rank, 
will comprise our offering* The event has become tradition in the 
Chicago Jewish community, and this year's observance will uphold the 
standard of last year's Stadium affair, which won the attention of the 
exrtire country •* 






II B 1 c (^) - 2 - JE-^SH 

in B 3 b 

/ 

Chicago Jewish Chronicle , October 13, 1933 • 

Rabbi A. £• Abramowitz made a plea for translation of the widespread 
Zionist sentiment into memberships, as a large enrollment is necessary 
for the maintenance of influence in the councils of the nation* 



^■^■ 









.1* 






II B 1 c (3) . JET/ISH 2- 



II D 1 

ChicaA^o Jevdsh Chronicle, July, 14» 1933. 

JOTTING 

by 
H* L« M* 

'vVhat happened to the original scenario which xras v^ritten by Rabbi 
Goldman? '.Vho had the "Chutzpah" to trim it and cripple it so un- 
mercifully? lioses and the Ten Commandments, v/hich lends itself most 
admirably to striking presentation and which v/as on all ads and bill 
posters, vfus spurlus verzenkt » But above all, what happened to that 
glowing period of American Jewish life where millions of our people have 
had greater opportunities for life, liberty and the pursuit of 
happiness than anyv;here on earth? 



4 






II B 1 c (3) - 2 - JKnSE 

II D 1 

Chlca;:o Jevash Chronicle ♦ July 14$ 1933* 

'.Thy was that not shovm? V/hat a beautiful and inspiring si^ctacle the 
Sttitue of Liberty would have made at the close of the performance in- 
stead of a group of Sunday School kids running into the stage, helter 
skelter, which was confusing and meaningless. Disappoihtment on that 
score seems to be growing from day to day. Those who v/orked so zeal- 
ously and so devotedly for the success of ''Jev/ish Day" and the people 
who have so cheerfully forked over their ducats are entitled to an 
explanation because they v;ere sadly disap^^ointed. V/ill the story of 
what transpired behind the scenes ever be told? Y/e doubt it. As 
inspiring as the audience was, so disappointing v/as the performance. 
True, since it v^as the first attempt on such a gigantic scale, many 
of its shortcomings may be overlooked. 



/: 



« 






V. 



II B ; c (^) . 3 - JEWISH 

II D 1 

Cliicano Jev/lsh Chrc n icle> July l4t 1933« 

If the "machers" v/ould not have taken things upon themselvest but would 
have called into consultation others v/ho h' x'-e had some experience in 
such affairs, the result would have been Buch more gratifying* 

The various organizations which participated in "Jev/ish Day reaped a 
harvest* It is reported that over $100,000 was the amount profited 
by then, v/hich v/ill enable most of these institutions to liquidate their 
indebtedness and continue their respective activities undisturbed and 
unhampered by unpaid bills* To most of them "Jewish Day" proved a 
"red letter day*" Those v/ho had sufficient vision to take advantage 
of this splendid opportunity v/ork^d hard and are now rejoicing in the 
fruit of their efforts* 









t 

I 



II B 1 c (^) JEV/ISH ^ 



IV 



Chicago Jewish Chronicle» July 7> 1933 



We wonder what Mayer 7/eisgal has up his sleeve 



5?J 



'^ ^ 



/ 






We cannot imagine him retiring after such a tremendous job and such a 
successful climax. There must be something that he has in store for the 
local Jewish community and it must be immense in its proportions. Meyer 
Weisgal never could think or do small things. We hope sincerely that some 
new venture will offer itself for his talent, if he has not something in 
mind now, ajid that the Jewish community will back him to the limit. Chi- 
cago should indeed be proud to have a man of iVeisgal's ability in its midst.... 
and should give him every cooperation in his desire to do great things 
for the community. 



' K 



THE KALEIDOSCOPE 

by -^ 

Abram* 



^ 



f 



II B 1 c (3) -2- JKHSH ? 

IV c: 



Chicago Jewish Chronicle, July 7f 1933« 



-<3 






It may be truthfully said that Meyer "^/eisgal put the Jevdsh community in 

Chicago on the map during his short stay here Firsts the Chanukah -^ 

Festival and nov/ the Jewish Day* These should not go unrecognized and un- 
appreciated* 

The second performance of "A Romance of a People" was much smoother and more 
symphonic than the first one* The result v/as that the ones v/ho found it 
rather difficult to be properly impressed Monday night, v/ent home more than 
satisfied '^'ednesday night* 

One of the most beautiful reactions v/e have ever witnessed was the one when 
most of the performers participating in the pageant refused to don their 
costumes until they were assured that Isaac Van Grove v/ould be there to 
direct them* There v/as a rumor that he had gone to Cincinnati to direct a 
symphony there. But v/hen le appeared they surrounded hiir. and lifted him 
and carried him about* 



II B 1 c (3) - 3 - jg-isH r; 

IV ^ 






Chicago Jewish Chronicle^ July 7f 1933* -^ 



The same thing occurred after the performance and it was a sight never to 
be forgotten* How this man with his brilliant personality has endeared 
himself to that multitude of youn^ men and women and even the small child- 
ren Y/hom he directed and worked with for weeks in pre pa r:^ t ion for the 
pageant* 

A Job well done. Van Grove has, after so man years of wandering about, fin- 
ally found hir.iself and it was among his ovm» You should have seen him jump 
about like a young kid, singing and dancing the "Hora" with the young Zionists 
after the performance # 

One of the most impressive scenes at the pageant v;as the presence of several 
hundred orthodox rubbis who came to the pageant from all p^rts of the country 
and Canada as the guests of Rabbi Ilirsch Manischewitz of Manischewitz Bros# 
It was a sight that did the heart good* Here were assembled some of the out- 
standing teachers and leaders of I srael«» ••. .Patriarchs and young men 
alike who journeyed to this city to be present and participate in the greatest 
Jev/ish Day in the history of the Diaspora* 



•3 
n 



II B 1 c (3) -t- JET'ISH 

IV 

The Chicago Jev/ish Chronicle , July ?# 1933m 

The Manischev/itz Found-^tion has in the past done many outstanding and noble 
deeds* But the gathering of the rabbis for which they v/ere responsible was 
probably one of the most altrusitic and beneficent contributions ever made* 
A lot of credit is due to the ingenuity and the resourcefulness of both 
Ben Sachs and L'ike "Manischev/itz" Bluestone, who have been v/orkin^ like bees 
in the past few weeks# 



'3> 



II B 1 c (3) JET'-ISH 

I C 



~t3 



rK'n 



Chicag:o Jev/ish Chronicl e « July 7f 1933* 

HUGE CAST TAKES PART IN PAGEANT OF "THE ROMANCE OF A PEOPLE" AT 5i 

SOLDIER FIELD. 

Jewish Day at the "Century of Progress Exposition" reached its climax 
Monday night v/hen 125 #000 ment women and children crov/ded Soldier 
Field to witness a Biblical pageant, "The Romance of A People." 

Kusic handed dovm through forty centuries filled the stadium as 
6,200 performers told the story of a people's struggle to find 
God and bring freedom to the earth. 



II B 1 C (3) - 2 - iSmS 

I C 

Chicag:o Jevash Chronicle t July ?# 1933* 



-T3 



f,~- 



't1 
TO 



On a stage that rose tier by tier at the north end of the Field, the 

cast under th(. direction of Isaac Van Grovot conductor of opera and 'g 

the symphony, portrayed in the mediums of music, light and mass, the ^ 

trials of Israel from the day of creation. It was a striking spectacle; 

the benedictions sund by white-robed priests whose bejev/elled breast 

plates flittered; the roar of ram' s horn trumpets, the tolling of bells, 

the waving of palms, and the movement before the eye of the shifting 

lights and masses of the drama. 

In the vast audience v/ere thousands of Jev;s from every part of the 
United States and many from Canada and other countries, representing 
every shade of orthodoxy and liberalism. Attending as a unit were the 
5,000 delegates and friends of the Zionist Organization of America, 
whose annual convention yesterday pledged $8,000,000 to carry out 
a four-year program of colonization in the Palestinian homeland. 



II B 1 c (3) - 3 - Jg.nSH 

Chicag:o Jev/ish Chronicle , July ?# 1933* 

THE PAGE.. NT BEGINS IN DARKNESS. 

"The Romance of A People" beg^n with the creation. A tiny shaft of 
light pierced the darkness of Soldier Field and focused the silent 
expectancy of the throng on an altar in the center of the field, v/here 
lay the Book of the Ages* A solitary figure turned a page. Cut of 
chaos t at the bidding of the vrord, came order. A blinding light fell 
upcu the scene depicting the first ecstacy of being and the adoration 
of the creator* 

But the psalms of adoration died away and again the voice spoke, but 
now Y/ith sadness: "They forsook God". Unchained ambition, peission and 
fear ruled in tumult; hunger, birth and death tormented men* 



-t? 






II B 1 c (3) - 4 • JgnSH 



c 



Chicago Jewish Chronicle > July 7» 1933» 

He peopled the world with demons^ His child he hurled into the lap 
of Moloch, while Baal claimed his daughter's virtue and Ldammon his 
conscience* A scene of Abraham's sacrifice flaved into that of the 
land of the .'haraohs. A fierce sun heat down on thousands of sloivly 
swaying slaves. The masters' whips stung, but Abraham ViTas forgotten* 
The great idea - the allegiance to God - had faded* 

YOKE OF BONDAGE TERC^m OFF. 

An apparition detached itself as from a wilderness; the burning bush 
and: "Moses t the one Godf the God of Abrahamt the God of Justice, 
Commands your service. Bend not your backs to idols. Liberate your- 
self from Egypt's sins. There are prophets in our flesh and martyrs 
in your bones." 



Now Israel was assembled before the temple* The shofar trumpeted; 
thousands of white hands flashed in the light and there \ms the 
soft melody of prayer* 

A sudden clanging dissonance struck a note of terror* A golden 
eagle glittered* Flags fluttered, and the muffled trend of the hosts 
of Rome was heard* Titus captured Jerusalem v/ith carnage unequaled in 
the long history of v/ars. Into a new slavery were the remnants of 
the people driven* Then nearly 2,000 years of v/andering and exile 
as nations rose and fell, and triumphs were commingled v;ith defeats* 






II 3 1 c (3) - 5 - Jg^ISH 

I C 

Chicai-o Jev;ish Chronicle, July 7f 1933# 

The vibrunt voice of Ivliriam rang out in triumph as the people, freed 

from the yoke of bondage, breathed again the free air of the desert*. 

In a pastoral interlude came the vision of Israel established in her ;^ 

land* 









II B 1 c (3) - 6 - JS"ISH 

I C ^ 

I? 

Chlcag:o Jewish Chronicle. July 7$ 1933» -.::^ 

I — 
Again the stage blazedf novr v/ith the Stars and Stripes^ symbol of a "^^ 

new land and a new freedom.- The temple glowed with a new brilliance o 

and an exultant voice criedt "Proclaim liberty thcoughout the land ;2 

to all the inhabitants the re of •" '<i 

Just before the figure at the altar turned the last page of the great 
book v/as the scene of Israel at home againt after ages of wandering. 
"And he shall judge between the peoples, and they shall beat their swords 
into plow-shares, and their spears into pruning hooks; nation shall 
not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any 
more." 

The light slowly faded. The star remained. It shone on all the world* 






II B 1 c (3) J^OSH 

II B 1 a 

Chi ca 0:0 Jewish Chronicle. July 7t 1933* 






•o 



y^ 
"^ 



"THE ROIIANCE OF A PECiT^E" ^^ 

by 
Maurice Rosenfeld 

Editor's Xote - The Chicagio Jev.lsh Chronicle, presents here\dth a 
a review of "The Romance of a People/ written by the distinguished 
music critic and musicul authority, Maurice Rosenfeld, who has con- 
tributed so much to make Chicago the musical art center that it has 
become in the last tv/enty-five years. 



II B 1 c (3) • 2 . Jg^-ISH 

II B 1 a 

Chicago Jewish Chronicle, July 7f 1933* 

A triumph, in v/hich intellect, fellov/ship, humanity, and art combined 
made of the pageant "The Romance of a People," presented at Soldier 
Field last Monday evening as a climax to Jevash Day at A Century 
of Progress Exposition, a thing to be remembered by Jews the world 

over* 

One hundred and tv;enty-five thousand Jews and Gentiles filled the 
vast spaces of Soldier Field, and watched and listened to the unfolding 
of a spectacle that brought to our consciousness and to our vision 
the vicissitudes, the trials, and the victories of our race in its 
progress and development in the course of its four thousand years of 
existence* 



A 



'■5 






II B 1 c (3) - 3 - JEWISH 

II B 1 a ,;> 

V. 

Chics.Eo Jewish Chronicle. July 7, 1933. "-', 

Such a pageant, colossal in its inception, tremendous in its scope, c\'?, 
and realistic in its art, has never been presented here before, and 
v/e must first of all give due praise to the originators of the idea, 
to the inspired labors of those who devoted their talents and their 
executive gifts to make of the event an outstanding occasion in Chicago's 
history and in the advancement of the Jev/ish race# 

Judge Harry l!« Fisher, chairman of the Jev/ish Day Comniittee, acted 
as spokesman, and after the audience had assembled, about an hour and 
a half later the announced time for the opening of the pageant, in- 
troduced the guests of the evening. Governor Henry Horner, Professor 
Chaim ^Veizmann of London, the executive director, Isaac Van Grove, 

Rabbi i^olomon Goldman, and Albert H» Rosenberg* 



II B 1 c (3) - 4 - JHT-VISH 

II B 1 a 

Chicag:o Jewish Chronicle, July 7f 1933* 

"The Romance of a People" depicts in some six episodes, a prologue, and 
several interludes, the history of the Jev/ish race from what we might 
say the Creation to the present day. Many passages are from the 
Torah, from the Book of Genesis, from the Bible and from the stories 
of tradition of lore of the race. 

There were several distinguished principals in the cast, including 
Adolph Muhlman, the internationally famous baritone, whose voice 
had the resonance, the beauty and the musical qualities that have 
endeared him to all music lovers. Boris Schiffraan, cantor of Rodfei 
Zedek Congregation, v/hose tenor voice entranced the huge audience 
with its clarity and range, Emma Lazaroff Schaver - not mentioned 
among the leading artists - who disclosed a high and brilliant so- 
prano voice, and Avrum Mathews, who contributed much by his admirable 
singing to complete the cast of the principal singers* We must also- 
give credit to Hannah Kichhaven, the leader of the Miriam Dance# 






r 



II 3 1 c (^) - 5 . JEV/ISH 

II B 1 a 

Chicago Jewish Chronicle ^ July 7, 1933. 

The performemce was enhanced by the spoken word, and by solo and concerted 
song, in which more than thirty-five hundred singers, actors and dancers 
took part» 

As for the music itself, directed with authority and genial talent by 
Mr* Isaac Van Grove, we may state that for the greater part it was tradit- 
ional and handed down through thirty or forty centuries, from almost the 
dawn of recorded history* It was characteristically Oriental in color, 
in melodic line, and in rhythm* It has sturdiness, and at times pathos. 



> 

-> 



'5, 



i^ 



% 



<^ 



II B 1 c {X\ -6- JE^nsH \ 

II B 1 a 



r 



Chicago Jewish Chronicle^ July 7> 1933 • 

How Mr» Van Grove controlled this immense ensemble without being seen is 
almost incomprehensible to the ordinary spectator, but the performance 
which lasted until nearly twelve o'clock, proceeded to the close without the 
slightest hitch of any kind. The immense chorus of several thousand mixed 
voices, the thousand dancers, and several hundred actors and their properties, 
had been efficiently drilled and rehearsed and v/ent through the episodes 
of the pageant admirably* 

There were megaphones, and amplifiers, and the hovel stage, and its lighting 
^of the vast spaces of Soldier Field were all items in a most memorable 
occasion* 



-3 



\ 



r 



II B 1 c (3) 



JETfriSH 



-v^' 



Chicago Jewish Chronicle > June 30, 1933* o 



Vi^LCCME DR* CHAIM ^^EIZMAM % 



You have crossed the -Atlantic and traveled thousands of miles to join 
us in celebrating Jewish Day at "A Century of Progress*" Chicago Jewry 
is happy for the opportunity to greet you and welcome you» 

We are looking forward to the inspiration of your presence^ freighted and 
fragrant as it is with the soil and the soul of Eretz Yisroel^ and looking 
forward happily and anxiously to hear your message which will strike a 
responsive chord in our hearts* 

You who have done so much to unite all Jewish hearts and have fired 
Jewish hopes everywhere, come to us at a time when we need your 
counsel most* 









II B 1 c (3) - 2 - JS^'^SH % 






Chicago Jewish Chronicle > June 30 » 1933# ^j* 

Never has Chicago been privileged to be host to so many loyal Jewish 
hearts who have come from distant corners of our great country to v/itness 
the magnificent spectacle, "The Romance of a People," which tells the 
story, in dance and song, of the martyrdom and triumphs of the Jews 
during the past four thousand years* It is an honor which the Jews of 
Chicago are proud of and happy for the responsibility that is theirs. 

May your visit bring understanding and concord, peace and unity* 

So speaks the heart of Chicago Jewry* 

H. L* M. 



II B 1 c (3) JEWISH '^ 

III B 4 ^ 
III G % 

Chicago Jewish Chronicle. June 30, 1933, > 






THE KALEIDOSCOFE \ 



^ 



This is Jewish Gala V/eek in Chicago* ••••'That v/ith the Zionist convention, 
the B'nai 3'rith conclave* The annual meeting of the Hisbadruth Ivrith and 
loany other L^port^.2it coiarora/icos iua-?. convB iii^ is, Chicigo Till be turnod into 
quite a representative Jewish communitjr overnights The Zionists have many 
important problems that are pressing the novenant for action and from all 
indications it ;^ill be a hot and interacting conveation, aspeci'^l.ly ;/ith 
Dr» Chaim 7/eitzman as the guest of honor* His presence at the convention 
more than sj^bolic, with tlae Congress being held in August* 

At any rate, it was a clever bit of political strategy and we suspect that 
some very active and sincare Zionist is responsible for his presence* 
Will this Mean a return of \7eitznian to leadership ;iind to the presiisncy of 
the agency? 






"x 



^i- 



II B 1 c (3) -2 - JE-.7ISH " 

III B 4 
III a 

Chicago Je-.7ish Chronicle , June 30 » 1933 • 

This week Chicago becomes the center of American Jewry. All eyes will be 
focused here. And many hearts will beat faster in anticipation of the 
great success that Jewish Day will turn out to be* It will be a glorious 
ending to a great week-end. The culmination of many months of hard and 
strenuous work, and the realization of a perfect dream* 

"THE ROMANCE OF A PEOPLE." 

The greatest dramatic spectacle portrayed by Israel at any time on any 
stage, with the exception of its own history. But the pageant will be 
portrayal of our history and the greatest single educational interpretation 
we have ever witnessed^ 



>> 









II 3 1 c (3) - 3 - JEvYISH ^ 

III B 4 
III G 



'^•. 



' v> 



... 



Chica g o Jewish Chronicle t June 30, 1933 • ^ I 



- > 



A Gentile friend of ours in our buildins was so axithusai about Jewish Day "^'^ 

that he ventured to prophesy that it v/ill surpass a thousand-fold the 

gathering at Soldier Field during the Eucharist ic Congress held here a 

couple of years a^o* The non-Jewish population of this and other cities 

are as enthused about Jewish Day as any of us are. And it will remain as 

one of the outst':.ndij.ig events of the '^orld*s Fair long after the Century 

of Progress has cease I to functioii^ 

To the del8ga.to5 arrivla;^ for th^ Zio^iist an I the Histadruth Conventions, 
v/e say:''ShalomI 3ruchim Habaim.** And hope that their deliborationo -'ill 
r3;r.ilt in ths r3vival of ths Militxit 3^3iri?; \7hi3ii ist Mated tlia bir::i of t'le 
Zionist movements And that the convention \7ill become the means of making 
Zionism a mass movement in this co^j2itrj% 



\ 



3 



II B 1 c (3) JEAISH ^ 

I c ■% 

The Chicago Jewish Chronicle . June 9, 1933* % t 

JOTTINGS 

by 
H« L« M« 

NON-JCTS TO AID JEWISH DAY PETE. 

A significant step in furtherance of inter-creed good will was announced 
today in the formation of the Chicago Coamittee of Christian Friends 
cooperating with Jewish groups in the presentation of "A Romance of a 
People** 

Judge John }L. McGoortyy has accepted the chairmanship of the Chicago 
Committee of Christian Friends cooperating in the event* Among the 
othersy who have accepted appointment to the committee, are Robert 

Maynard Hutchinst president of the University of Chicago; Walter Dill 
Scott, president of Northwestern University; Dr» John Timothy Stone; 



^ 



^ 



II B 1 c (3) - 2 - JE^.yi SH 

I C 

The Chicago Jewish Chronicle^ June 9t 1933 • 

Dr# Shailer Matthews? Henry P. Chandler; Charles l/lT. Gilkeyt dean of the 
University of Chicago Chapel; D. P^Kelly; Bishop George Craig Stewart; 
Dr» Yk'llllam S. Parker; Rev* Walter Mee; William J« Bogan, superintendent 
of schools; Ulss Jane Addams; Bishop Ernest L. Waldorf of the Methodist 
Episcopal Metropolitan area; Rev# Ernest Fremont Little; Dr» Ella May 
Horan; and the Rev« Paul Rader* 

In a letter to Meyer W« Weisgalt executive director of the Jewish Day 
Committee in charge of the mammoth spectacle, Dr# Artman said: 

"We have noted, with much interest, the progress you have been making 
in the promotion of the pageant 'A Romance of a People •• Several leaders 
in the Christian groups have wondered how they might aid in the promitlon 
of this extraordinary event • 



\ 



• 






II B 1 c (3) - 3 - JgAlSH 

I C 

The Chicago Jewish Chronicle . June 9t 1933» 

"In the light of this wide-spread interestf our Executive Committee 
unanimously voted. May 31 1 to appoint a Chicago Committee of Christian 
PriendSf sponsoring Jewish Day and the pageant, 'A Romance of a People** 

"Already a significant start has been made, and wide-spread interest 
among leaders of Christian organizations has been created* Uen of all 
shades of religious opinion have enthusiastically endorsed the work 
which the committee has proposed to do»" 



;^ 



II B 1 e (•^) JSr.vISH -; 

Chicago Jewish Chronicle t Jxine 2, 1933 • ^ 

A CENTURY OF PROGRESS. 

After years and years of planning, preparation and building, the great 
Century of Progress is open in Chicago • 

The stage on which •*A Romance of a People** will be presented, the largest 
of its kind in the world, was dedicated recently with simple ceremonies^ 
Those who saw the stage, its beauty and its immensity, were awe stricken 
and stood there in bewilderment • Oman and Lilienthal, the architects, 
iriio conceived and are supervising the building of this beautiful stage, 
are doing a piece of work which will remain in Jewish history for gener- 
ations* It is absolutely the finest of its kind ever built, and may justly 
be proud of their accomplishment. One of the most interesting exhibits 
on the Fair grounds is Solomon's Temple and the Tabernacles, built accord- 
ing to the description in the Bible t the dedication of which will take 
place Saturday night ♦ The exhibit will doubtless be the magnet point 
for countless thousands of Jews and Gentiles who are interested in Biblical 
lore and want to see exact production of that famous temple built by 
King Solomon* 



•z^- 






. ^ o'/ 




11 B 1 c (3) JgyyiSH K "'^ 
II B 2 d (1) 

Jewish forward > Jan«3> 1932. 

FORWARD t:ASCUERADE BALL IN aSHLAND AUDITORIUM 

BIG SUCCESS. 

The Forward masquerade ball, which took place yesterday in the Ashland 
Auditorium, was a big success. Thousands of people came to the ball 
and there iiet their friends and acquaintances. And all the thousands 
of men and women formed a tremendous Forward family. 

As we go to press hundreds of couples still remain on the floor dancing 
to the music of S. 'iTagner and his orchestra. 

The large auditorium resounded with the happy laughter of the hundreds 
of men and women, who enjoyed the beautiful, colorfal masks* 



II B 1 c (5) JEVISH 

II B 3 ^ 

III H 

Forward, Apr, 20, 1931. 

JE;VISH GIANT, MAX ROSENSTOCK, ;VILL START TO-DAY HIS MHACULOUS PERFORIvIANCES 

The famous Je;vish giamt from Rumania, l.Iax Rosenstock, known as the 
strongest man in the world, will appear today in a number of heroic 
performances, at the Elite Club, corner Springfield and Roosevelt Rd, 

One of the most wonderful performances is when he is chained and put into 
a tight closed box nailed with huge nails. 

He very easily opens the lid and walks out of the box as if nothing happened 

The same evening in a special program, will also participate many Jewish 
radio and stage stars vtoo will render very interesting and amusing numbers. 




-i 



II B 1 o (3 ) JMISH 

II D 10 

^^ (ILL ) PPo ' o 
Forward, Decemtier 24, 1923 . 

PEOPLES BELIEF MZAAR CLOSES WITH MOEE THAN $15,000 PEOFIT, 

The Peoples ball of last evening which was attended hy hundreds of men 
and women, was the concluding evening of the Peoples Relief hazaar* 

The officials of the hazaar, Ur. A« Uinkus, general chairman, Mr« A« Lurie, 
chairman of the Peoples Belief, and Mr, Joseph Tieder, general manager, 
made the following statement yesterday: 

• 
The hazaar of the local Peoples Relief Ort Committee, that was held for the 
henefit of the children's homes and schools in Barope and for the construct- 
ive activity of the Ort, netted more than $15,000 profit. We feel that we 
have sufficient reasons to he satisfied with the results considering: 
1# The dire condition of the great memher of unemployed. 2. The difficul- 
ties of sponsoring any txndertaking before Christmas, when all are engaged 
until late in the evenings and have no time for amusements* 



II B 1 c (cj) 

II D 10 



JETISH 



The Forv/! rd. December 15, ie23. 



WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 3027b 



THE PEOPLES RELIEF BAZAAR OPENS THIS EVENING 
IN THE ASHLAND AUDITCRIUTi. 

Yfith the opening of the Peoples Relief Bazaar this evening in the Ashland 
Auditorium, an historic event will be recorded in the annuals of Jewish phi- 
lanthropy in Chicfir^o, The profits will go for children education and for 
tools to cultivate the soil in Europe. 



The bazaar will open at 7 P# M; sharp • 

8. P» M. 



A musical program will take place at 



Belle Bendu, the principle acs? stent of the Chioai^o Grand Opera bellet, 

arranged beatiful ballets for the evening;. Loretta Dikoff , tosrether with 

the two wonder-children, Miriam Foy, ei^ht, and Jano Chuoan, seven, will be 
the main dancers of the Russian Ballet. 



* II E 1 c (3) _2- JSV/I SH 

■^^ ^ ^° . WPA (iLL)PR0i.3027j 



t 



t 



The Fonvard , December 15, 192Z. 

Several orgenizaticns, regardless of what nature, have registered to aid 
the bazaar. The 'Vorkmen's Circle; The International Ladies Garment Unions 
The 'Yeiters Union; The Rakers Union; The Jewish Candy Jobbers; The Douglas 
Day and Night Nursery; The Northwest Side Mothers League; The Bealystok 
Countrymen; and several oth^^"- large and small organisations have united 
for this great and noble relief work. 

In addition to the ballet, a very interesting program of songs will be 
carried through, in :vhich such musical talents as Nicholas Karlas, Bessie 
Goldstein, the Colored Carusoe, Arthur Lylard, and others will participate. 
The numbers that will be sung, will unite all nations and will be in various 
languaq!;es« 

Raphael Spiro, talented violinist v/ill ^lay "Kol Nidre" and other classicel 
selections. 



f 



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il2) 



-3- 



^YISH 



The For/^p.rd, December 15, 1923. 



WPA (ILL) PROj. 3027 






The THiite House Bakery, 3615 Roosevelt Road, ^Mttenberg Eakerj% 1284 S. 
Kedzie, Kuznitsky, 3434 .7. 16th Street, Central Park Bakery, 16th and Central 
Park Avenue, larfield Bakery, 3758 '". 16th Street, Kresk'f Bakery 3455 W. 
Roosevelt Road, G oodmans Bakery, 13tb and Laughlin, Laundale Bakery, 3641. 
Roosevelt Road, and many other hekeries have promised to supply the bazaar 
with bread, rolls, and cekes during the entire stey of the bazaar* 

The committee of Queen Esther's Ladies Society, consisting of Mrs. Anna 
Kapstinet, Jenny Levin, C» Rubin, and Pearl Tehulack, submitted five-hundred 
dollars worth of merchandise to the office of the bazaar yesterday. The 
same committee also contributed one-hundred and twenty five dollars in cash 
for the bazaar. 



II B 1 o (3) JBiriSH 

II D 10 

Forward . Hot, 12, 1923. ^^^^ O^U PR0j.30Z/t 

Die People's Relief CcnnBltteo tendered a bcoiqaet in honor of its national 
ohairman» Judge Perkin of Neir Yorkt Saturday evening in the Uorrison Hotel 
(Rose rooa) where hundreds of friends of the People *s Relief CooBlttee 
assembled to listen to various oonmittee reports cuid to hear Judge Perkin 
on "The Work of the People's Relief Committee*" 

Despite the presenoe of prominent labor leaders and other great person* 
alitiest suoh as Sidney Hillnyant president of the Amalgamated Clothing 
Workers; Sam Levint manager of the Joint Board of the Amalgamated; Ben* 
Jamin Sohlessingert manager of Forward ; Mrs* Diskin and Caoier from the 
Y/omen*s Auxiliary of the basaar; D* Oustort manager of the Aotors' Union 
of New York; Leon Hanookf of the United Hebrew Trades; l&r# Lurief chair- 
man of the People's Relief Committee of Chioago; Lsvitast representative 
of the Jewish Socialist Alliance; L« Berenson* representative of the 
Workmen's Circlet and many other men and women of various organlzationst 
the audience was satisfied with a detailed speech by Judge Perkin and a 
business speech by the chairman of the basaart Abraham Minkust who dealt 



li B 1 e (3) - 2 - JEWISH 

II D 10 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

Forward. Nor. IZ, 1923* 



with the qudstloB of the bazaar for the ohildren of Poland and other 
oountriest from a pure business standpoint* ^ 

lfr« lUnkus oompared the work of the basaar with the establishment of a 
oorporationt and the direotors as shareholders who must eliainate ex- 
penses and begin profiting as soon as the doors of the basaar open* And 
in order to show that he means businesSt he announced that he eood his 
partner* Mr* KatSt donate $500 as their contribution to the bazaart €tnd 
have already oolleoted $3*000 in oa^h and 11*000 in merchandise* 

This speech made a great impression on those who were able to follow the 
noble example of the two partners* Ur« Uinkus and lfr« Katz* and contri* 
butions of considerable sums were immediately made* 

The following hare donated to the bazaar: Hr» Witz* #200; Mr* Lurie* 
chairman of the People's Relief Committee of Chicago* |200; Dr* Franklin* 
I2OO4 llr« LaskLnski* $200; Peter Sussman* toastmaster of the banquet* $200{ 



II B 1 o (3) - 3 - JmiSE 

II D 10 

Forward, Nov. I2t 1923# WPA (ILL) PRGJ. 302^5 

Mr* Fogelt$100; Ur. V/aldman, $100; Ladies Auxiliary P# W» A., $25; lb*8# 

ICinkus and Mrs* Kats, $25; Mrs* Iarie» $50; Ifr* Kaplan* $50; lfr« Oordoiit 

$25; Ifr. DaTidt $25; Mr* Millart $25; Ur. Caoart $25 and Mr* H* Miller* 
$25* 

Mr* H*Miller represented the oleaners and dyers who have a ooomdttee to 
help the basaar and he reported that J* L« Priedoan* president of the 
Cleaners wod Dyers* has already ooUeoted $lt500 for the basaar* 

S* Kaplan, of the Bialystok Verein* reported tiat they had already oolleoted 
$1,500 for the bauar* 

Ihey have a grand total of $10,000 thus far* besides the merohandise which 
was oolleoted by various oonunittees* 

The banquet was not only a business gathering to aoouaulate aoney for the 
People's Relief* Besides the spiritual enjoyaent that was derived from 
the speeohes, those present had the pleasure of listening to two world 
renowned oantors, Kevartin and Rottman* 



II B 1 o (3) , - 4 - JHBflSH 

II D 10 

Forward . Wov. 12, 1923. WPA (ILL) PROJ, 30275 

The toastaaster of the eTening* Peter Sussmany opened the banquet and 
introduced Ur. Lurie« ohainaan of the Chicago's People's Relief Cc»i«» 
mittee* 

Ur. Feder gave a brief aixamary of the aotiTities of the various bazaar 
conuBittees and he stated that #15«000 will be collected before the 
opening of the doors of the basaar* 



11 B 1 c (3 ) 
II A 3 t 



J£?/I SE 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

Forward , April I7, 1922. 



The tT/^enty-fif th anniver?ar;>^ of the ?oi^^ard will "be cele'brp.ted Sunday evening, 

Uay 7f iii ^^® Auditorium Theater, Congress and Wabash. Ad. Cs^han, editor of 

the Forward, and B. Vladek, general nnanager of the Forward., will arrive from 

New York to address the assembly. 

A rich musical pros'rain will be presented. M, Y/inogradof , baritone, will sing 
opera arias and folk songs. Moissaye Bortlslavsky, rjiajiist, will play classi- 
cal compositions. Leon Blank, famous Jewish actor, will appear in a number 
of dra.matic sketches. J. G-ordon, concert maestro and director of the Sympho- 
ny Orchestra, will play a few solos, accompanied by the orchestra. 



II 3 1 c (3 ) 



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I E 



JLT/ISK 



Forv^ard , April 3, I32?, 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



The fifteenth anniversary was celebrated yesterday "by the Biali stock Work- 
men's Circle Branch in the~ Venetian E^ll of the Lahor Lyceum, where a color- 
ful program was carried through, Tl.e hall was hefiutifully decorated with 
a welcome " sign, of the Lahor lyceun committee, reading: "To the Bialistock 
Branch at the Celetration of Our Ovn Labor Lyceum." Comrade Ba'skive, generr^l 
secretar^^ of the Wor'onen's Circle, was received ^-^ith great enthusiasm. 



• • • • • 



The "branch made an appeal for the Feoi^les Relief and the grand sum of 
$300 was contributed. This evening at 6 P. !.■• the fifteenth anniversary/ 
celebration will close with a ba^iquet at Rosenthal's Restaurant, where the 
com-^ittee assures a good time for all. 



\ . 



^. .:.J .. ^^:\0. 



n l\ 



JMISR 

«v, T, , . * , ,o -<^<^, WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 

Chler-^:o Fox^ard . September 12, 1921. 



Big Parade Leads to the Laying of Cornerstone for the Infants^ Home 

of the B'noth Zion Day Kfursery 

The parade, yesterday, of the B'noth Zion Day Ihirsery to the Infant Home 
at California Ave. and Hirsch St. 77as a great success. Beside the thousands 
of female members of the IT^irsery, many invited organisations also marched in 
the parade. 

Two bands of m:^isic led the parade from Wicker Park to the grounds of the 
Infant Home. 

Thousands of people of the Jewish-vicinity of the Northwest Side came out 
of their homes to see the parade, then fell in line and marched along. 

A beautif\il scene were the trucks decorated with flowers carrying the 
children of the present nursery. 

The children were cheered all the way by the thousands of people on the 
sidewalk on both sides of the street. 

On the grounds of the new infant home various speakers addressed the crowds, 
and a large fund was created towards the building of the institution. 



Page 2. 



"31c (?) 
II D^J 



.TE17ISH 



WPA (ILL) ?ROi 3Q275 



n 



hi ca^o Forward , Septemter 12, 1921, 



Seven tho-asand dollars were pledged, !Phe TTeil Brothers of the Vfeil Brothers 
Pramting Company, paid $1,0000 for laying the first stone. 

Joseph Rasniak of Milwaukee Avenue paid $S00#00 for laying the second 
stone, and the "balance cajne in various denominations. 

The most applause was received ty Mrs, L* Higer, the founder of the nursery, 
who is doing so much of the work toward the "building of the infant home* 

Ur, Louis Heingold was the marshal of the parade. 



II B 1 c (3) 



JDVISK 



WPA (ILL) PRCJ. 3027^ 



Forvb-ard May 30, 1921 



This Saturday the first anniversary of the V/. C. Lyceum v/ill be 
celebrated. 

•Delegates of workmen's circle branches, central labor organizations, 
administrations, and friends of the v/crkraen' s circle v/ill assemble in the 
large hall of the Lyceum and will participate in a nagnificient banquet. 



•y 






.-;:> 



II B 1 (3 ) 
II D 1 



FORWARD , October 24, 1920. 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL.) PROJ 30275 



lUPORTANT ANNOUNCEkfENT. 



The Officers of the free Jewish Shelter are inviting the Jewish Public 
of Chicago to its House wanning at 1246 S. Sawyer Jive., Sunday Oct 24th 
at 3 PJI. 

Prcaidnent Rabbis will speak; an Orchestra will play. 

Refreshments will be served, and a rich program will be presented. 

Everybody is invited • 

Respectfully, 

Herman Elovitz, President. 
Elierer Adler, Vice President. 
Jacob Tvery,Secreta3Tr« 



*'fi% 



II B 1 (o) 

III 3 2 
II 3 1 a 



Forward, October 2, li^^iU. 



Ilev/s of the Labor World. 



JEWISH 



ViPA (ILL) pro; 30275 



The Succoth Banquet of the Jewish ?:ational Labor Yerband 
will be held at the home oi Ghaver A. Kipnis to-night at 8:o'clocic. 
Those present will have the pleasure of hearing Cantor A. Greenoerg 
sing some of the many Jewish J'ol^ songs for which he is noted. 



TTFTIE 



JEWISH 



WPA (iLL)PROJ.3G275 



Forward, October 2, l^j^O 



Hews of the Labor World. 



All committees which have taicen ticKets for the 5:uocouh Con- 
cert Ox Arbeitering (V/orKers* Circle) Schools and have not paid 
for them are requestea to present themselves at the Box office of 
the theater at 4:00 o'clock and present all monies collected in 
the sale of tickets. 



II B 1 C (5) J^nSH 

Daily Jewish Courier , June 20, 1919 • 

Sixteenth street carnivai/ 

Thanks to the untiring efforts of !vlr, Samuel Malts, president of the 
Sixteenth Street Bank, the long-planned carnival on Sixteenth Street 
will be opened finally tomorrow evening. It vdll extend, on Sixteenth 
Street, from Kedzie to Crawford Avenue, and will continue until June 24. 

This carnival will be interesting and amusing. Participants have exerted 
their greatest efforts and energies to make it a success. Streets will 
be decorated, bands will play, and various amusing games will be held. 

Mr. Meyer Blaz, promoter of the carnival, has arranged, besides the various 
shows and animal displays, to have ::r. Harry Hich, the noted actor, perform, 
free of charge, some of his fajnous tricks, such as pulling two automobiles 
with his teeth. Having a shell explode after a huge cannon is tied to his 
teeth, etc., etc. 






II 3 1 c (.3) - 2 - 

Daily Jewish Courier , June 20, 1919. 

It is quite certain that the rusioents of the above-Lientioned neighborhood 
v/ill have a good time during the ten day's run of the carnival • 







JE7/ISH 



II B 1 c (S ) 

III B 2 
III H 

Daily Jewish Gourier , July 10, 1917* 

DR, HERZL IffiMORIAL SERVICES. 

Chicago Jewry will assemble at three large memorial meetings to commemorate 
the death anniversary of Dr. Theodore Herzl, organizer and founder of the 
present great Zionist movement* The meetings will be held at the Herzl 
public school, Lawndale and Douglas Blvd., the Hebrew Institute, and the 
Jewish Educational Alliance, North «/ood Street* Cantors, Milkowski, Lipner, 
and Reichlin will officiate at the meetings, A large attendance is expected 
in all three places* 

Good speakers will address the meetings* Everyone is invited to come and 
honor the memory of the greatest Jewish leader of the present generation* 



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(3) 



IST-VISH 



Daily Jewish Courier, Mar, 6, 1916, 
BEZALEL EXPOSITION VISITED BY LARGE C30WD 



t < 



1 wn. S' 



More than seven hundred people came yesterday evening to witness the opening of 
the Bezalel exposition at the Hebrew Institute. The public enjoyed the program, 
which consisted of good music and brief talks* Nearly all present made purchases 
of the Bezalel antiques. 

Tonight^s opening of the Bezalel exposition, set for 7 P.I',, is under the super- 
vision of the following Zionist organizations: Jewish National Club, Herzel 
Zionist Society, and first H\mgarian Society. Professor Huffman will act as 
chairman, and I«Ir. Philip Seaman, superintendent of the Hebrew Institute, will be 
the main speaker. He will speak on Bezalel and Jewish Arts. 

'^^vo well-known talented musicians, together with I.Iiss Jennett Robinson at the 
piano, and Mr. Irving Levin, violinist, will entertain the public. 



;( 



II B 1 c (3) 

II A 3 a 

III H JEvHSH 

i 

WPA (!LL.) PROJ. 30275 
Daily Jewish Courier , Jan, 29» 1915* 

BE2ALEL - EXHIBITION COMING TO CHIG.^0. 

Chicago Jews will soon have an opportunity to see Jewish art work of the 
Bezalel school in Jerusalem. Mr. Nathan D, Kapleui, Grand Master of the 
Order Knights of 2ion- announces that he has made all necessary arrange- 
ments for the original Jewish art exhibition. 

The exhibition will be held at the Douglas Park iiuditorium from Feb. 11th 
to Feb. l6th. The exhibition will be closed all day Saturday. 

Professor Boris Shatz, the founder of the Bezalel school, is now making a 
tour in America where he thus far hats been very successful wherever he has 
displayed for the first time genuine Jewish works of art from the only 
Jewish school of art in Jerusalem, 



II B 1 c (5) 

II A 3 a 

III H 



- 2 - 



JEMSH 



WPA0LL)PROJ m!"^ 



Daily Jewish Courier , Jan. 29 » 1915* 



In New York and other laro;e cities where the public already has had the 
opportunity to see the exhibition, the inspiration was great. Every 
where it aroused wonder and interest in the great progress that Jewish 
artists have made* In Chicago, America's second largest city, Professor 
Shatz expects the same success as in New York. 



II B 1 c (3) 
II A 3 c 

I G 



JS.VI3H 



Daily Je\^dsh Coiirier , Feb. 19, 1914. 



.^iIlAT'3 ?.:i33INa ^ 'm:: 3R3iJ.EL EXKInIT 



IVe have visited the Bezalel Art iSxliibit in the Douglas Park Institute and 
scrutinized every piece of art displayed there, starting v;ith the 500-dollar 
carpet down to the most trivial 25-cent toy, yet we were not enthused by the 
countless numbers of artistic articles which our eyes sav; and our hands felt, 



Let those who believe that tlie Jewish race is extinct marvel upon seeing a 
carpet bearing an original Je'.vish design woven by the i'in:_^ers of a Jewish 
weaver; let those who believe that Israel is dead marvel upon seeing a 
Jewish artistic design on gold, silver or copper; let the illiterates stare 
upon discovering^, artistic interwoven objects according to a model that is 
specifically Jewish, and let those v/ho believe that Israel will cease to 
exist ]narvel upon seeing small and large articles, which can only be pro- 
duced by youthful hands and sound minds. 




II B 1 c (5) - 2 - JgWISE 

II A 3 C 

I C Daily Jewish Courier ^ Feb. 19, 1914. 

We who believe and know that the Jevash people live like other peoples, 
having their ovm originality, their Oivn concepts, their own aesthetics, 
knew beforehand what we could see at a Jewish art exhibit. V/e understood, 
for example, that a design made by a Jewish artist for a carpet would not 
show Jupiter bringing thunder upon the world or Prometheus stealing sacred 
fire. iVe had a feeling, and so it was, that a Jewish carpet designed by a 
Jewish artist represents a Garden of iSden where the most beautiful trees 
yield on their branches the fruit v^ith which the Jev/ish land is blessed 
and in whose shadows colorful peacocks promenade, proudly displaying the 
splendor of their rich feathers, with which God blessed them. Upon scru- 
tinizing this pattern, one unconsciously feels the appeasing solemn spirit 
that flows from the roses of Palestine and from the lilies of Sharon. 

Here we hold in our hands a piece of art carved in silver, another design 
by a Jewish master of art. It is understood that on no model swords and 
guns can be found. On this there are no armed huntsmen who lie in wait for 
animals which are trapped with the aid of trumpets and drums by huntsmen to 
whom bloodshed is a pleasure. The Jewish artist portrays a rising sun whose 




II B 1 c (5 ) - 3 - JEi/ISK 

II A 3 c 

I C Daily Jewish Courier , Feb. 19, 1914. 

rays shine upon an aged but vigorous man who tills the soil that absorbs the 
seeds of nutrition for the world. It is wonderful how this old man stands 
before the sun, his aged eyes bein/.^ strong enough to endure the powerful rays 
of a Palestine sun; that Jevj does not fear sunshine. 

Then our eyes were arrested by a oicture, not painted but woven. It differs 
little, however, for the thouglit is just as well conveyed through the dif- 
ferent-colored threads as it would have been tlirough paints. And what do you 
suppose does such a Jev/ish artist express? It is so originally Jewish that 
It is worth a great deal of laeditation, because graves are not originally 
Jewish concepts, although they are plentiful in Palestine; the Jewish artist 
did not depict ruins, although the Jewish Land Is full of them. Graves and 
ruins can find no niche in the mind of a Jewish artist who is full of hopes. 
An original model by a Je;vish artist Is a beautiful, prosperous city v;here 
Ilia and enjoyment prevail; where the youth dance and the old folk play; 
where 11^* ht and life, repose and contentment are in every corner. 



1^ y 



II B 1 c (3) 

II A 3 c 
I C 



' 4: - 



Daily Jevjish Courier , Feb. 19, 1914 



JTS-.'/ISE 



And just study a bedecked Je'vish crov/n. One of them is at the art exhibit. 
How it differs from a non-Jewish one. First of all, it isn't lar.^e enough 
to fit a human head. The Jewish artist cannot even picture a cro^vn being 
an object that a hurrian head is entitled to wear. In accordance v/ith the 
Jewish c^oncept, a crown can only be placed upon a Sephar Torah Scrolls of 
the Law/ and the design of a Je?;ish crovm does not syrribolize the sword of 
justice, nor the cudgel of force. The Jewish crown is adorned with Stars 
of David, the six-pointed stars that irradiate and protect those who jeelc 
light and protection. 

And so are all the countless articles typically Jewish, and there is no ^ 
reason v;hy a Jev; should become astonished upon visiting the exhibit. One 
can hov/ever be justified in marveling at the side remarks by the various 
attendants of all sorts of classes. 




II B 1 c (3 ) - 5 - JEy/ISH 

II A 3 c 

I C Dally Jewish Courier , Feb. 19, 1914. 

A discussion, which took place among fiery Zionists, in which one attempted 
to oubreirgue another, was brought to ouv attention. One reasoned that the 
Bezalel School is the cradle of the Jevyish people, who will in due time 
grow into a giant and become equal with all other nations of the world. 
Another one speaks his mind, proving that the Bezalel Exhibit is the 
resurrection of the Jewish people and it is veritable evidence that Jews 
will again come to power like the Bulgarians, Greeks, and others. Poor 
Zionists, hov/ little they understand the Jev/ish race. They are unaware of 
the fact that Jews have never become extinct and therefore need not look 
forward to a resurrection; they know not that the children of Judah need 
no cradle nor are they in want of growth. They are gigantic enough as they 
are, and healthy enough physically and spiritually. 

This was the only surprise we encountered at the exhibit. But, we must say 
that we have noticed that something is missing at the exhibit and through 
its absence it renders the entire exhibit like a soul without a body. 




II B 1 c (5) - 6 - J3WISH 

II A 3 c 

I C Daily Jevdsh Courier . Feb. 19, 1514. 

The great flaw that projected from the exhibit was that we have not in 
Chicago, nor probably in th^ whole of America, a Jew v/ith Jewish inspiration, 
with a true Jev/ish conception. Nearly all of the attendants at the ex- 
hibit viewed the objects with non-Jev/ish eyes, iilvery article was compared 
with a similar article made in an nmerican factory or by an ^^merican artist. 

Before us stood tv;o women, wealthy Jeivish women of Chicago, v;ho apparently 
were critics of art. They have ample time to pay visits to Chicago's art 
camps, where artistic work of many peoples from all parts of the world, is 
sold. They were diligently examining one of the most valuable carpets pro- 
duced by the Bezalel School. They spoke of the softness of the materials; of 
the harmonious mixture of colors; of the refined lustre that is reflected 
by the artistic weaving::; of the tenderness of the erect edges; every partic- 
ular is discussed as if by great critics, but about the essence, about the 
typically Jewish original model, not a wo3rd. The pattern :vhich is the es- 
sence of the carpet, ii*iich casts forth its individual greatness, receives 
no one's attention. vVhen someone decides to purchase a carpet, he or she 



ftf.n. !^ii 



II B 1 
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I C 



c (3) 



^ 1 ^ 



Daily Jewish Courier , Feb. 19, 1914, 



JEV/ISH 



Tvlll then see If the design on the carpet, made by a Jexvlsh artist, matches 
the wall paper, fuimlture, or other decorations which were designed and 
planned by a non- Jewish decorator. 

The exhibit was short of visitors with Jewish concepts, with Jewish aesthetlcs,p 
with people whose homes are strictly Jewish, where Jewish designs on carpets 
should not Interfere with harmony; where an ornament bearing a Jewish de- 
sign should not look like an orphan. 

And this will always be missing at a Jewish exhibit, as long as there can 
be no Jewish environment, as can only exist in a Jewish Homeland. 




II B 1 c (5 

III H 



Daily Jewish Courier , Feb. 12, 1914. WP/i (iLL.) PP0^''n?7t 
BKZALZL»S OP ]NII^G A GK^AT SUCC2]SS- 

Yesterday a few hundred people greeted the opening of the Bezalel Exhibit in 
Sinai Center, 46th Street and Grand Boulevard. Many proMnent Jewish civic 
leaders, who were among the guests, were the first ones to purchase Jewish 
antiques produced in the Jewish homeland by Jewish artists. 

Jews representing practically every stratum of the Chicago Jewry were present 
among them, lirs. Rosenwald, the mother of Julius Rosenv/ald, and her daughter. 
Miss Isenstradt; llr. and lJrs# H.A. Loeb; Judge and Ltps. Julian V/. Llack; 
Professor Kolin; Dr. and lirs. Stolz; Ltr. and -vlrs. Greensburg; LIr. and Ifrs. 
Israel Cowen; Dr. Yudelson; I^. and Ilrs. Isenstein; Judge Hugo Palm; I.B. 
Lipson; D. Hecht; I.Irs. Flsh;I.Iax Cler, and a committee representing the 
council of Jev/ish women. 

The first patronizer of Jewish art was the mother of ISp. Rosenwald, the famous 



;n-:-f 



- 2 - jir.yisH 

Daily Jewish Courier , Feb. 12, 1914. ^^ (/a.) Psn, 

philanthropist; and the second was her dau^htor, Ivlrs* Nathan D. Caplan. A 
great number of visitors followed the precedent set down by the first two buyers, 
and Professor Shatz was immediately in receipt of many offers for his artistic 
work. 

The crowd was immensely pleased v/ith these specimens of Jewish art, which are being 
displayed for the first time in Chicago. 3very person left the exhibit satisfied 
at having witnessed the f^reat strides made by Jev/ish artists in so short a period. 

The exhibit itself was a beautiful sight which enraptured everyone. Costly 
oriental rugs were displayed in all corners and knitted and weaved articles 
represented Jewish biblical scenes. On one small carpet there v/as a picture 
of a meditative shepherd leaning on his staff and keeping watch over his sheep. 
Other carpets bore different Jev;ish pictures. The croivd, v/ho stood discussing 
the significance of these pictures, was momentarily carried back to Jewish 
biblical times. 



- 3 - J?.7ISH 

Dally Jewish Courier . Feb. 12, 1914. ^Pf^ (illi Pf^Ci w-j-rt 

Later in the evening the crowd was augmented by more visitors. A great number 
of Jews from the V/est Side did not v/ait until the exhibit had gone to them, but 
came to it# This also brought together many Jews from various sections of the 
city, who came to witness the fine artistic work of the Bezalel School. 

In the early part of the evening, the religious group made Professor Slietz the 
center of their attention. V/ith a pleasant smile the professor received the 
men an~ women who came to introduce themselves. A v?ry busy man, v;ith long 
black h%ir through which there could be detected some silver threads, the 
professor fluttered to and fro and, cliiabing to the stage with agility of a 
youngster, described the articles to the prospective buyers. 

V/hen the crowd drew close to the sta^e, they saw a richly decorated four- 
comsred glass case which attracted their attention. The card on it bore the 
name of Nathan Strauss, who bought it. The glass case was the xvork of Borris 
Shatz himself. 



- 4 - 



Daily Jewis/i Courier , Feb. 12, 1914 






V/hen the Courier ^s reporter left the exhibit, a long row of automobiles were 
parked around the temple and throngs v;ere still trying to enter it* At the 
time a moderate wind was blowing over the quiet boulevard, just the right 
setting for the imagination to v^^ander off to those far away places where Jewish 
artists are still creating such artistic masterpieces. 






II B 1 c (g) IM^ 

I H 

^ Daily Jev:ish Courier . IIov. 27, 1913. 

H3V; YOHK^vJ J-];;iSH SIIiilFF .± GUjIJT ni CHICAGO 

lilr. Griff enhogan, v:lio v/as elected a sheriff in ITev; York^s last election, 
is Chicago's guest. He has visited inany Chicago Jev/ish civic \vorkers 
to faniliarize himself with social v:ork. 

At a bountiful dinner, given in L'r. G-riffenhogan's honor by LIr. Henry 
Frind, he was introduced to the officials of Chicago and Cook County, 
llr. Llichael ^irpxier, Sheriff of Cook County, and l'!r. Anthony Cermak, 
bailiff of the Municipal Court, escorted Llr. Griffenhogan through city 
and county institutions. 






- 2 - JEV/I3H 



Daily Jev/ish Courier , Nov. 27, 1913. 

-Among those attending the dinner v;ere: Con'-ressman *^, J. Sabath, Judge 
Joseph Sabath, Judge Harry 11. Fisher, Sheriff Zimner, Bailiff Cermak, and 
Mr. A. Levi, a nephev; of I.Ir. Griffenhogan. 

Lir. B. Hon'/itch, an old friend of L'r. Griffenhogan, acquainted him with 
Je-.vish Chicago and its activities. 




55,V ° (^) JEWISH 
III C - • 

17 ' 

Daily Jewish Courier , 3ept. 29> 1913» 

LARG2 CROWD C2LEBRAT2 CONSECRATION 0? AiNSHE KNSSIS ISRAEL. 

Yesterday the Chicago Jewry celebrated with extreme enthusiasm, music 

and speeches, the consecration of the largest and most beautiful synagogue 

in America* 

Thousands of men, women and children participated in the great festival 
and by their presence they added a real Jewish color to the beautiful 
neighborhood, where the synagogue was built, on Douglas Blvd. 

The automobile parade, arranged by the Zionist organization, the Volunteers 
of Zion and Monte Fiore Guards, was a grand spectacle. The order was 
better than expected and everything was carried through with great tact 
and punctuality • 



- 2 - JE;7ISHs>c/ ^' 



Daily Jewish Courier , Sept, 29> 1913« 

About 2x00 p. m., the President, Mr» H* M» Bariiet, called the meeting 
to order and Rap'pi Ephraim Epstein, of the synagogue, recited a laconic 
prayer* Then the president introduced the chairman of the Consecration Com- 
mittee, Mr. A. J» Hadis, who introduced llr. U. Solk, chairman of the 
Building Committee. 

The following delivered inspiring talks: Rabbis 2sriel Epstein, A. B» 
Coldenson, Saul Silber, Ruben Mushkin, and Judges Hugo Palm and Harry 
Fisher. 

The consecration ceremonies lasted until 9^00 p. m., after which a large 
sum was raised for the synagogue^ 



Sr II B 1 c (3) 

: : I C 

Chicago Hebrew Institute Observer . November 1912# 



■r., 



JEWISH 



/ ! 

■h 



y • 



The Weekly Social Dance. 



5 



Among the many noteworthy features at the Institute is the weekly 
social dance, in the large hall* It is not only one of the most popular ^ 
activities of the Institute, but also one of the most wholesome and benefi- J 
\. " cial recreational interests there e 

\ In the first place, the dance brings the young people of the West 

'I Side together socially* And this is no mean benefit* The decent young 

people of this neighborhood are socially starved. Por there is no other place 
where the youth who does not care to go to the cheep dance-hall can spend 
their eveidngs* They have no opportunity to mingle socially with those who 
regard them as their social equals* 

In most cases our immigrants » who constitute an important element 
at these dances, were brought here by industrietl exigencies* People* in the 
same factory, or living in the same house hail from different parts of the 
. fP?l^§» ^^^9 thust strangers to one another, they look with distrust upon 



«>c: 



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. . f ■ ■ 



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JEWISH 






I 



Chicago Hebrew Institute Observer , Kovember 1912. -^ 






their neighbors and are so looked upon* Here, then, there can be little _ 
chance for social intercourse. Where shall they turn for the satisfaction ^ 
of their social instincts? 

Says Miss Jane Addams, in her Spirit of Youth and the City Streets : 



i "One of the most pathetic sights in the public dance-halls of Chicago 

is the number of young men, obviously honest young fellows, who stand about 
vainly hoping to make the acquaintance of some nice girl^ They look eagerly 
up 'and down the rows of girls, many of whom are drawn to the hall by the same 
keen desire for pleasure and social intercourse which the lonely young men I 
themselves feel. 

The Hebrew Institute, therefore, by getting up these social dances, 
is rendf^ring a great service to the community* At these dances, he who cares 

can meet people, make friends, and acquire those small social amenities, the 



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JBfflSH i 



▼alu9 of which all of us appreciate • Thus* not only does the dance occasion 
afford instruction in the Rules of Etiquette and Oood Behavior, but the o 
chaperonage of several committees of the Institute, a paid person on the i^ 
floor, and the suarveillance every now and then of a detective to safeguard S 
the young people, as it has never occurred to those who make profit out of ^ 
this invincihle love of pleasure to do this for our youth in their public 
dance halls • A visit to one of the Sat\irday evening dances will convince 
any visitor at once how definite a function this novel activity fulfills, add 
how it is possible by adequate care to safeguard it against the perils atten- 
dant upon it where it is run for private profits 

A. P. Drucker. 



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II D 10 



JIWISH 



Coarler Dec* 26* I9II 
Theodor Herz^ Ladies Aid Society 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30276 



We are the only society nhich responds quickly with relief to the needy* As 
soon as we hear of anyone in need of relief* We immediately get htu3y* 
Therefore we appeal to onr Sisters, Brothers and friends who possess a Jewish 
heart and Jewish sympathy to help us supply the tmf or ttinate needy ones with the 
necessities of life this winter* Oar treasury at present is almost empty, and 
we have decided to give a benefit ball in order to raise sufficient money 
for the poor and needy this winter* We appeal to you again to help us make 
this ball a successi by as many tickets as you can for by so doing you will help 
us take care of all who come to us for help and we will not have to turn away the 
the poor who eppeal for help* The ball will take place Satiirday evening, 
Dec* 30th at the Illinois Hall, Madison and Ogden Sts* We assure the public a 
most enjoyable evening* We hope that you will all come and help us make this a 
success* Music by Teller's orchestra. Tours Hespecffully 

Sarah Lipschits, President, Minnie Zlskind, chairman, Lena Lerman, Ball chairman, 
Sarah Grawick, Treasurer, Lena Sack&eim, Secretary* 



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WPA (rLUPROJ.302?i 



Courier, Decemter o, 1911* 
Chicago's Cook Pot 



Under the aus'cices of the He1:re\7 Institute, »iion:en's Ciuo, a Eaxiukah 
Festival for Je^vish children will be given, in which all Sahbath school children 
will participate* Tliis program 7.-111 consist of ;oeveral m-jsical niimbersi livirig 
plctiires of EanakaJi History, etc.t all under the s"'Jipervislon of Miss Ease 
Bloom* !?he Connittet fc*^ tl-.e Entertainrient consists of the fcllowi:'ig ladies: 

IkTZm !•&. Grossterg, llrs, !• Grinsher^, Mrs. I, Lasker, lirs* Itahiner, 
Urs. Gold, l^rs, liendel Shur, iirs* J# i7ien*ber^", lirs. G.LI. Gla^er, Mrs. Chas. Lev^% 
and llrs* BenJaJTiin Davis* 

Tlie He "brew Institute v;ill h^ve a general discussion next Sur.ck:;,.'-, for the 
To-jing Lien's Cluh of the Institute. Lir. Harry A. Lipskj' will act as Chairrian, 
and Messrs. B. Hurovlts, ITathan D. Kaplan, and Jacoh Lerhosky will address the 



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WPA (ILL.) PROj. 302:75 



Chic.-.oO^s Cook Pot 

audience* ^I?he tirasical-program will be rendered by the r:>llowirjg players; 

lulss Joiinie Liebson, Fiano Sole; Llisc ILzte Berfe^.r;, 7ocal Solo; 
Miss Hose Vito, Violin Solo; and Llr. Otto I/iillard, Vocal Solo* 

The Lavrndale Club, 3522 Douglas Blvd., is givirig. a ii:c-;:t enjoyable 
musical entertr-lnnient this evening, for its nenbers and friends. 

Ihe He settlement Committee to which several Jewish T7omen urere ap- 
pointed Ir-st Spring, became a permajient institution* Its raain activities will 
be: Assisting the innigrants rrith their night- schools, vja^'os, businesses, etc. 
Tliis conimittee \7ill also advise them Low to bring their families from other 
countries to the United States, and iouk after their welf ra^e and comfortf after 
they arrive' here* 



- ■ V,- *£.■''.. . '. .v\ 



- • .^age 3. 






II 2 1 c (3 ) 
II £ 2 g 

■ II 2 1 a 

. ^ ' ' ap ^K M x^ 

1: • .J Cc-jrier > Decemloer 3, 19II. 

There vrill "be an office in the Mebrev/ Int;titute for this project, \?hich 
(^J will "be open eTery Sunday from 10 Ai<l, to IS-Hoon. Headquarters will >^e open 
^.ij' every !Ihiesd£iy eveniiig at 7^3 Plymouth Co^.irt. 

lirs. Julius Stone is Chairman of this Committee, and Miss Julia Pelsenthal^ 
Secretary. 



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Courier Hov* 28, I9II 
Hotico 



Chicago's Jewish Anntial Ball. This hall is the only public affair is which 
Chicago Jews will have the opporttmity to get together with their wires, 
sons and daughters and enjoy a truly enjoyable Jewish evening in an up to date 
style. 

This ball must bring in enongh money to build the new home in Chicago for 
the 200 Jewish orphans. The 24th of December is the day of the ball at the 
Colosseum and we expect the Jews of Chicago to come to the ball in masses and 
thereby assure the building of the orphans homOf which will be called the 
Marks Nathai Jewish Orphan home* 



II' B 1 c (3) jg;risH 

'III B \/;DA /!• I ) on;u v,^97l 

Courier, November 17 t I9II 

The open dances at the Hebrer Institute are meeting with great success. 
They attract a predominantly Jewish element to the Institute, and for the small 
fee the young people are able to spend a pleasant evening in a healthy and clean 
•atmosphere. The third open dance will take place tomorrow evening. 

Uext Sunday at the Institute the third series of Svmday Concerts will take 
place under the direction of Alexander Zukowsky. 

• 

The Lawndale Club, 33-2 Douglas Blvd., is giving a Reception tonight in honor 
of the young Sculptor, I.A# Davidson. 

Stereoptican pict^jtres of Palestine Colonies will be the main feature of the 
large Program next Sunday. The well-laiown children of Cantor Woldousky and Cantor 
Woldousky and Cantor Reichlin will conduct part of the program of the Zionist or- 
ganization in the Molner Symigogue, 2126 Central Street. Eabbi Morris Levin and 
other speakers will address the audience. 



II B 1 o (5) 
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(T^cheiden II D 1) 



Jfr.aSH 



V/^*A 0\.i , pvf -i-7; 



Ccurier^ ITcv. 1, I9ll» 

^C]iAHITY ASoCCIATICII GIVES Aj[::UAL EALLy" 

Thfe Bcheriicn Charity -risscciaticn is [jiving its ym^ual ball this evening at 
th^ pilsen pavilicn, 26th St» and Albany Ave. Tliis ball is the seocnd ann- 
ual ball since the cr^^-^izaticn cf this charitable instituticn. 

It is assured by the heads cf tlie cr^ejiizaticn tiiat this will be one of the 
nicst enjoyable affairs cf the season. Me ojiticipate a ^reat Jewish attend- 
cjice. .^acng the lacst honored guests will be cur h'cn« Mayor harriscn. Con- 
gressHon Sabl ath end Judge Joseph Sebbath. 



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^PA rn.L \ r^-v / ^r":-vt. 



Courier, Cot. 27, IDll. 



^CHAI-JTY BAJ.L FOR KELIEF SOCIETYJ^ 

The Charity Bal- of the Jev;ish Ccnsumptive Relief Society, ivhich will take 
place next Sunday evening the 29th, at the First Ren-iiaent ilriuory, proi-dses to 
be cne of the mcst enjcyeble affairs cf the season. V/e appreciate end thank 
the ladies v;lic v;crk so untiringly for this lacst vj-orthy society. 

All Lex seats in the alrnory v:ere sold out Icnj before this undertaking, end 
the following are the prcninent persons v;ho bought the box seats i Hon. Hugo 
pojii, ::cngressirj5Ji A* j/ Sebbath, \ezark L. Bcrmsh, ::. T* rirenner, Henry Hur- 
vitz,^/ Joseph, David Sol Clapter, B. Lcef, ::rs. A. LiebermDn, A. Largolis, 
H. Llolner, !.:/• Joseph pldllipson, Saia phillipson, A. S. Roe, B. J. Schiff, 
Person ena Davis, Glasier er.d Pordses, E- W. Steele, H. Taver, Sei^iuel 
\7clffson, J. V/eissenberg, I. Ferc^uson and A. Aines. 

The charitable ladies v/hc participated in this undertaking are as follov/s: 
Mrs. H. Tever, B. Ferson, B. Baun^arden, ::. Goldnsn, David S. Clapter, 
B. J. Schiff, A. Margolis, R. Lippert, S. B. Levy, S. Greenberg, I. Harx, 
L* S. Barnett, !:iss Jennie Alexander, and Etta Grobiner. 



4 
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I A 2 a 

I D 2 a (2) JSWISE 

WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 
Courier . June 10, I9IO. 

The Public Cook Pot. 

Star Auxiliar^,^ presents a new Japanese dance. - Graduation at the Dehorah 
Sabhath School. - Deborah Boys Cluh in new headquarters. - "Hehrew Teachers 
Sroup," - "Young Nationalists." - "The Lay of the Land." - Womens Trade Union 
■ League. - Sunda^^ excursion ajid picnics. - Congratulation to S. B. Komaiko. 

A new Japanese dance will iDe presented oy the Star Auxiliary of the Marks 
Nathan Home, tomorrow evening, June 11, at the Illinois Hall. Two prizes 
will he ay/arded to two people wearing the prettiest costumes. This organiza- 
tion has a memhership of more than I50 women actively engaged in helping the 
Marks Nathan Home. Tomorrow's dance will be their fourth arjiual celebration 
of this kind. All previous affairs were highly successful. 

The Deborah Sabbath School of the First Rumanian Congregation invites everj^- 
body to their fourth graduation exercises together with an entertainment at 



Pa/^e 



o 



o' 



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I D 2 a (2) ■ £5!lISH 

Courier, J-one 10, ISIO. WP;i (ILL) PROJ. 3G275 

which will "be precented the much liked play, "fjaoni and Ruth" - Tuesday, 
June 7, at the Hull House Auditorium, corner Fol> and Halsted. 

I 

The Detorah Boys Clut has moved into its new headquarters at UoUU Prairie 
Ave. With additional members that have heen appointed to the staff, the fu- 
ture activity of this group promises to "be highly constructive in the charac- 
ter "building of our youth. 

The' Hebrew Teachers Group of Chicago will have a meeting at the school of 
Mr. Abrahams, I5OI Park Ave. at Robey. The constitution of the group will 
be read. It is important that all interested should be present. 

The Young Rationalists, a group of young Jewish people, will give a literarj^ 
and imisical entertainment tomorrow evening at eight at the Annex Hall of the 



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I A 1 a 
• ' 'l D 2 a (2) jawISH 

Courier , Jwae 10, I9IO. Y^'PA (fJ.Lj Poq/ 3^. 

Chicago Hebrew Institute. The Cluh holds its meetings every Saturday 
arvening and everyhod^r is invited to attend. 

The Post Office Clerks Association will hold its annual excursion and pic- 
nic in Glenwood Park on the Fotl River near Batavia. Eight special trains on 
the Elgin and Chicago Railroads have "been chartered. Many games and prizes 
are scheduled and a good time is assured the post-office clerks and their 
families. Round- trip tickets and admission to the Park are 50^ • 

The Courier has this week, announced the engagement of Mr, S. B. Komaiko to 
Miss Pauline Stein of West Pullman, Mr, Komaiko is siafficiently acquainted 
to the readers of the Courier "by his literary contributions to make it su- 
perfluous for us to further praise him. The Daily Courier taJces this oppor- 
tunity^ to congratulate the happy couple. 

(Signed) The Cook-Spoon, 



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WPA (ILLJ PROJ.3U275 



Courier, !L!ay 20, 1910. 
Baxiquet ir hcmor of Mr* Adolph Krause* 

The Chicago Lodge of the order P^nai B'^rith celebrated the re-electicn of 
their Grand ^fester, Mr. Adolph Krause to that office with a very impressive 
banquet yesterday evening. 

The banquet which was one of the most elaborate ever given by our Germaii Jews, 
took place at the Hotel La Salle. Mr. Hugo Sorjaenschein was toast-^naster. Mr. 
A. P. Zelenfreund, the Grand Secretary of the order B*nai P'rith spoke of the 
virtues of the orgaiiizetlcn comparing favorably with the 'Jorld Zionist Congress 

Mr. San^uel Alschulei spoke on the life of Mr. Krause, end being Mr. Krause* s 
business partner, be v/as very well able to speak on the far flung activities of 
Mr. Krause. Congratulatory telegrams were received from all the lodges of the 
Middle Western States. The V/est Side Jews were represented at the banquet by 
iCr. B. Horwich, Leon Zolotkoff , end Mr. S. B. Komaiko. 



II B 1 c (3 ) 
II D 1 



JEWISH 
Courier, May 9, I910. 



Lileu; Party and Dance sponsored by West Side Ladies Society.- - 

To be held on May lUth at the Illinois Hall, Madison and Ogden Ave. The 
affair promises to be the largest of the season. 

The West Side Ladies Charity Society is sufficiently well known to Chicago 
for us to espouse their virtues. It is an organization of Jewish women whose 
sole purpose is to lighten the burden of the unfortunate poor and help them 
wherever possible. As is well known to people engaged in charity work, the 
outlay is always greater than the intake. Therefore, this Party and Dance is 
being run to help defray the expenses of their worthy charitable works. 
The many necessary committees have been organized, and the affair promises 
to be highly successful. Our West Side public is cordially invited to at- 
tend. 



II B 1 c (3 ) JEIMSH 

II D 6 



WPA (ILL)PROJ.302;b 



Courier. May 9, 1910, 



Nei^torhood Play Festival. 

Last Saturday's Play Festival scheduled at West Park No, 1, was put off 
until this Wednesday hecause of last Saturday's heavy rain. The program 
will he as originally scheduled. The Jewish part of the program is heing 
conducted hy the Northwestern University Settlement. The program promises 
to he highly interesting and everyhody living on the Northwest Side is in- 
vited. 



t 



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WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 



Courier. May 8, I9IO. 



Past Commanders Association. Order Knights of Joseph. 

f 

We wish to inform our worthy public that we art having a minstrel show of 
U5 participants entertaining us at our Entertainment and Ball to "be given 
tonight at the West Side Auditorium, 12th and Center St. 



y 



We assure you a most pleasant evening of joy »nd entertainment. The actors, 
who have, incidentally, made their own costumes have assured us that they 
will spare nothing to entertain our public. Come and see what Past Command- 
ers can do in the way of providing for your entertainment. 

(Signed) The Committee, 



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W?h (ILL) PRO J. 30275 



Courier. Aoril 3, I9IO 

Jev'ish Dramatic League 
(For a clean Yiddish 3to£i) 

A lar^;,e literary and mnsical eveninr;; has been arranged "by the 
Jewish Dra-^.atic Lea^i^e Sat^irday evening', Aoril 9^''^ ^^ ^-® Hebrew.' 
Institute. 



Tv'o sketches, recitations, anc reacin^-^s of the best poets. 
Also a ridi musical program. Ten cents adinission. 



. JEWISH 

• tt B 1 C (3) 
TTtTS VJPAlllUPROJ. 30275 

The Dally Jewish Courier . October l6th, 1908. 

BEAUTIFUL BALL SUNDAY EVENING FOR HEBREW INSTITUTE. 

One of the grandest balls will take place "Slmchath Torah" in the 
luxurious hall of the New Jewish Institution, which was Just 
purchased* ALL ARE EXPECTED^ ♦ 

Sunday evening - "The Eve of Rejoicing in "The Torah", in the 
beautiful and spacious hall of the newly purchased Hebrew Institute, 
a ball will be given, which is the final act of the glorious 
festival, which continued the entire Mid- Week of Succoth, at the 
park of the Hebrew Institute. The Arrangement Committee, which 
bears the responsibility to make this affair a success, assures the 
public that this ball will be different from any ever held for the 

benefit of a Jewish Institution. - 

« 

The hall is beautifully decorated and will be brightly illuminated. 
It has a great capacity, assuring everyone of the maximum degree of 
comfort. There will be a fine orchestra, and the dancers will have 
a grand time . 



no 6 ° ^^^ WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 

The Dally Jewish Gourier . October l6th, 1908. 

The Jewish youth of Chicago should take advantage of this opportunity 
and come to the ball en masse, for not only will they enjoy themselves, 
but they will also share In this noble Institution- The Hebrew Institute, 
which was founded with the sole objective of Implanting Judaism and 
American Patriotism among the Jewish people. 

To mlsB this affair will mean to lose an evening of merriment, of which 
you may have sweet memories In the years to come. Jews of all walks of 
life will participate In this affair, and this offers an opportunity, to 
meet people, whom you have not seen for a long time, and whom y6u will 
not be able to meet elsewhere. 

The need for the Hebrew Institute Is deeply rooted within the hearts of 
Chicago Jews, and It Is therefore, our sincere hope that this ball 
will be a success. 

Remember the ball Sunday evening, where you will surely enjoy yourself 
and help lead a Jewish Institution to success. 

The Hebrew Institute is located at Taylor, Little and Sybley Streets^ 
All cars take you there. 



II E 1 c (3 ) 

III B 3 1) 

I B U JEWISH 



W?A (ILL.) PROj. 30275 



Courier , Octolier 12, igOS, 

Great Succoth Celebration in the Hetrew Institute, 

A great congregation of Jewish people consisting of 2,225 men and women who 
for a long time have not experienced the delight of a Succoth affair, assembled 
in the colossal Succoh, at the Chicago Hehrew Institute. They enjoyed them- 
selves and ate very appetizing dishes, which were served xinder the management 
of Mrs, Kale. Mr. Kalish and a corps of assistants saw to it that none pres- 
ent left with an empty stomach hut made sure, that they left with empty pockets. 
Mrs. J. Levin and Mrs. P. Shapiro deserve honoratle mention for their wonder- 
ful work. These women certainly knew their customers! 

But eating alone is not sufficient, for Succoth is a period of joy and gladness. 
Thus, all who were present participated in the joyful celebration. As for 
money, no one was asked for more than they had in their pockets. 

One of the outstanding values, which may "be obtained at present at the Hebrew 
Institute, is a $25 vase for only 10^, which is sold by Miss Phillipson - the 



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JEWISH 



Courier, October 12. ISOS. WPA (ILL) PROJ 30?/5 



only daughter of Joseph PhilliDSon, In view of a misunderstanding, she had 
sold tlfis vase to several hundred persons, and in order to give every one an 
equal chance, the vase will he raffled off and it will go to some lucky win- 
ner. 

Mrs. J. L. Marks, who is in charge of the ice cream, did very little business. 
The vaudeville show, under the direction of Mr. Karkus, was very attractive 
and inexpensive and therefore enjoyed a full house continuously. Mrs. Rubin 
chairman of the flower booth, had something new and entirely different. For 
the price of a dime or two nickels - a quarter and sometime 50^ » one could 
possess a flower, which never withers, has a perpetual color and odor. When 
questioned by a reporter, whether or not these flowers were made of paper, 
she replied with dignity - shrugging her shoulders. Mrs. Nathan displayed 
remarkable skill in selling these flowers. 

The Roamward Club possesses privileges of Monte Carlo and the wheel of chance. 
These young men have voices, which can awaken the dead, and even though you 



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V^PA(iLL)PROJ. 30275 



JEWISH 



Courier . October 12, 19bS, 

are financially embarrassed, they will take away the car fare, which you 
have ciarefully tucked in your coat lining. 

Mrs* B. Baumgarten is queen of the needle craft booth, and everyone gladly 
takes a chance for these wonderful articles. The public is very anxious to 
obtain these articles. Beautiful girls under the guidance of Mr, Nathan 
Kaplan, are distributing applications for membership and are recruiting mem- 
bers by the dozen. 

The Succoth celebration will continue for the entire week. It will be open 
to the public twice a day, at 2 P. M. and 7 P« M. Each performance will have 
special attractions, in order to draw a crowd. 

On the day when the Torah is being honored, the celebration will end with a 
grand ball. 



II B 1 c (5) 

III G (Zionism) 



JB7riSH 
The courier, Dec. 9, 1907. 



^BEZALEL E^/E:III:g a SuCCESSJ^ 



The art school entertainment last Saturday evening at the Lletrcpclitan Hall 
spcnscred by the Poale Zicne Ladies Auxiliary v/ill be Icn^ remenbered. The 
house was full of people from all parts of the city, arjd from all walks 
of life. The hall was packed with people who came to demonstrate their ^reat 
love for the nevr institute v/hich the Jevd.sh nation has established in Pale- 
stine. 

The evening was opened by I.liss Sadie Greenspaji, who spoke of the roles as being 
played by the members of this art school of geniuses. She also described the 
living conditions of the artists in the art school and in conclusion explained 
the importence of this institution in Palestine, which the Jev/s of Chicago 
ajid other Jev;ish coiamunities must help support. The school is sponsored main- 
ly by the Poale Zion organization. Dr. Marcus also spoke on the subjects of 
Chanukah and the art school in Palestine. He stressed the importance of the 
school, stating that its existence depended upon /j.erican Jews. 



" ^ ^ ° (^) - 2 - jmsH 



III G (Zionism) 



The Courier, Dec. 9, 1S07, 



After these addresses, a j;rand choir sane a few beautiful Jewish sonss; 
recitations followed* The audience spent a most enjoyable evening, which 
also proved to be a great finoncial success for the Bezalel Art School." 



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II B 1 d 



JEWISH 



VVPA(iLL)PROJ, 30275 



Courier, January 25, 1907» 



Heard and Seen. 



The heavy rain last night did not prevent the Hebrew Literary Society "ball 
from heing a great success* Mr» Ubx Schulman and his sister led the spectac- 
ular march (grand) of two hundred young couples. This was undoubtedly the 
most beautiful grand march the Jewish people of Chicago have ever witnessed. 

The ball of the Hebrew Literary Society was a big success, financially and 
socially. The dancers spent a most enjoyable evening and those who did not 
dance passed their time indulging in a few glasses of carmel wine and other 
good drinks. When the clock struck three, the crowds departed, feeling that 
it had been worth while to spend the evening with the Hebrew Literary Society* 



-/" 



II D U 



JEWISH 



Courier . January U. I907 '^'^^' (^''-^') PROJ.302?5 



Many fhcmks from the Jewish Orpharis Home. 

In the name of all directors, of the Jewish Orphan's Home we extend mamy 
thanks to the Jewish public of Chicago for the interest they showed in attending 
the charity hall of the Marks Nathan Orpharfs Home. We are convinced that a good 
many of you were not fortunate enough to take part in the pleasant entertainment 
program. It is all due to the unexpectedly large crowd which came to the ball. 
We did not expect the throng of people to be so tremendous. We realize that many 
were turned away. The Entertainment Committee was powerless, it could not pos- 
sibly satisfy all the visitors, so we beg your pardon. This being the first ball 
of its kind, the committee was not fully prepared to cope with the occasion. But 
we hope that at the next ball, the committee m^ be better prepared to care for 
all visitors, that no one will be turned away. Nevertheless, we ought to be satis- 
fied and proud of the success we had with this ball - it being the first venture 
of this kind. 

A full report of the expense and net profit of the ball will be published in 
the Jewish News department of the Daily Jewish Courier at an early date. Hoping 
that every Jewish person will be perfectly satisfied^ 

I remain yours respectfully, 

Jacob Levy, Pres. 



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JEnSH 



Illinois Staats-Zeitun:^. July 23 > 1900. 






AN IMPRESSIVi: C2REM0NY. 

p. 8 - The dedication of the synagogue to be erected by the Tipheret 
Zion Congregation at 588 N, Lincoln Street, took place yesterday. 

The first Jewish speaker on this occasion was Rabbi Brody. He said: 
••It is the Lord's will that priests serve as teachers of the people. 
Nations are supposed to supplement these teachers, but fail at times 
to perform their duty. The people of Israel have become disunited, and 
suffered persecution of their race for centuries, the punishment 
meted out by the Alimghty.'^ 

Rabbi Brody appealed to his fellow-believers, .vealthy or poor, or what- 
ever their nationality might be, to have one object in mind, namely, 
unity* 



- 2 - 



JE-JISH 









Illinois Staats-Zeitungt July 23, 1900. 

The next speaker, Dr. Rappeport, delivered his address in English. 
He too stressed the importance of the unity of the Jews. He said: • 
••The orthodox church was the foundation of all our churches.- Its 
doctrines have been taken from the book of Talmud...." 

The third speaker was Judge Gibbons. He said in English: •The history 
of the Jews reveals that theirs was a mighty contribution to the 
world's civilization in those dark days of 2,000 years ago." He 
pointed to the close contact in everyday life, between the Jews and the 
Christians. To become good Christians is then only possible, when 
the lofty ideas of Judaism are accepted. Cooperation b etween Jews and 
Christians is of vital importance.... 



JEWISH 



II B 1 c (3) 






:3 



The Reform Advocate, wk. of March 6, 1S96» p. 52. :5 



-<4 



The West Chicago Cluh will have a masquerade hall on Purin Night, the 2Uth 
inst. Prizes will he awarded to the two most original costumes and the two most 
comical. 

Elahorate preparations are heing made for the closing of the West Chicago *s 
children's dancing class. A German pageant will he given on March 21st, with a 
display of fancy dancing. 

The senior dancing class closes Friday night. 



II B 1 c (3 ) JEWISH 

II D 1 



■% 









The Reform Advocatt, Ik. of February 8, IS96. P.S93. 



The net profits of the annual Y. M* H« C. A. Charity Ball amounted to 
$21,500t which ie about $3,000 more than was realized by last year's ball. 






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II D 10 

IV 



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r 



The Rafonc Advocate . Wk» of March 2, I895. p. 30, "c^^ 



13» 



The Harmony Charity Circlet coxnpoeed of 2^ North Side yoting ladies and 
gentlemen will give their first affsdr at Masonic Hall» The entire proceeds 
are to go to Charity* The officers of the society are president, Chas« 
Reinaoh, vice-president. Miss 1. Wetterhahn, secretary, Miss Abqt Cohen, 
treasurer. Miss Iva Levy* 



->^ 



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II B 2 f 



?i 









Th» Heform Advocate > Wk. of Petruary 23, 1895* p.l^» ''A 

In the early part of April, a grand mask camlval will be held at the 
Auditorium for the benefit of the Jewish Training School* The entertainment 
promises to be one of the most brilliant from a spectacular point of view, 
yet to be seen in this city* A celebrated designer is already busy with the 
plans, concocting magnificent floats, tableaux and representative pictures* 



n B 1 c (^) 



JBIHSH 

"^ ■ 

The Reform Advocate > Wk. of December 1, IS9U. p.2Ul,\^ 



o^ 



*Bo8lta^ an operetta in two acts, was sung \j amateurs before an audl-- 
ence coioposed of members and guests of the Lakeside Club» Among those appear- 
ing in the operetta were Uiss Millie Benjamin, as Rosita, Uiss Stella Adler, 
as Dolores, lfr« E« Benjamin as Oarrick and Mr. Lee Jacobs as the bandit chief. 
Carlo 8« 



II B 1 c (3) 
II B 2 f 



JEWISH 




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/0» 



The Reform Advocate . Wk. of March 17, IS9U. pp«7^75* -:% 



c 



Over 10,000 tickets have heen sold for the amateur minstrel performance to he 
given March 27th at Battery D. Hall, in aid of the Jewish Training School. 
This is said to he the largest advance sale for anything of this nature ever 
known in Chicego. Much of the credit for this enterprise is due to Mrs^ Levy 
Mayer » whose name heads a long list of patronesses, 

Emanuel S, Heyman, as interlocutor leads an array of talent especially selected 
hy Ed. M. Crane, an old-time artist, who is conducting the rehearsals and will 
manage the stage. Rehearsals have heen going on for two weeks, and a stage group 
of 50 persons will appear in the first part of the entertainment. 



J 



II 3 1 c (3) 









Tlie '^.e:>rr: ;.d\-ocate, v;]-:. of ::arc:: 12, 189:3. 



3^ 



S/J^L-rt... : 






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The pupils of the Zion Sabbat!: School v/ill ::ive a i\irir:; entertain! lent at 
the tenple, on ^und^iy, at 2:50 ?• I.:. Tlie . :;ri. cipal featui'os will be a drarna, 
"Drea^i of the Centuries/' a I.'.othor G-oo '.'e drill, and the stor:' of PurlVi in 
tableau. 



II B 1 c (5 ) 

III C 

The Reform Advocate, Dec. 19, 1891, 






^EIISFIT EALL/ 



The Buildinr Coiiiittee of Con2re£::ation Aiishe Sraeth will f^ive a Cha: ukah ball 
at Brand* s Hall, Jarxuary 3rd, for the benfit of the fund to erect a nexv house 
of worship. 



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II D 1 

The Refcrin Advocate^ Nov. 21, 1891. 

/?. !.:• ]{. C. ASSOCIATION CliAKITY BALl/ 

Chicago oen bcpst cf teiri';; the cnly city t at has three na-nificient charity 
halls every year. The institutions assisted and the new ones startec are ccn- 
stajit evidence cf the oncunt c£ rccd done by these entertairv.onts. 

The pioneer charity ball in ChicG,'ro v/as r^iven by the Younf;; Ker.'s Hebrew 
Cho.rity Association eleven yeaj-s ago, and each succeedin- year has shown an 
increase in interest : nd profit. The anount distributed Inst year v;bs almost 
$;,1d,0C0, the expense cf earning; it v;as less than 02 ,200. 

As usual, the Y. li. H. C. Association v;ill open t:ie charity ball season with 
their affair at the Auditorium on December loth. 

The boxes will be auctioned at t:ie Standard Club, Leceraber 6th, end jud-in^ 
by the applicG.tions, the sale vz-ill be interesting and lively* 






II B 1 c (5 ) 

II D 5 






The Reforr; .■.dvocate, \ik, of ."aj' 22, 1891. 

/30CI.:rY OITJS SOCL'J/ 

The Israelitische Altor±oi : Society v/ill ci'^"- i'ts second social next Tues- 
day aiterPxCon at the 7/est C icac:o Club and a cordial invita-.ion is e:ctended 
to all v:lio are interoGvod in the Soclety^s './oii:. 

An address '/ill be delivered I:/ Dr. : ir:-ch, besides v;hich there v;ill be vocal 
and instra-iental music, reci'.ations and the rafflinr; of a cage of birds^ 

At a recent Moetinc of tlie i:ociety it v;as decided to subscribe 03,000 to the 
Kone for .'^ed Jev/s, and the ladies v;ill continue to aid this institution as 
far as pos::ible. 



*>: 






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I C 



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J3y:]SH '^ 



II C The Reform Advoca te, July 17, 1891. ^ 



JjE.'HSE C2ij:bration at v;orid»s faip?7 

The question whether there shall be a special Jewish celebration at the V/orld^s 
Fair, is again attracting notice because of the call for a meeting of delegates 
for the purpose. Many suggestions have been roade. They range from a monument 
to a manuscript. 

Least open to objection by those who want nothing sectarian, is the proposal of 
Dr. Ilirsch for a statue of lessing, the famous eighteenth csxitury Christian 
friend of the Hebrew emancipator, Loses I^endelssohn, who is really the embodi- 
ment of the spirit of religious liberty. 






II E 1 c (5 ) 

III C 

IV The Reform Advocate. June 5, 1891. 

^^edigatio:: of iT^'i tsi.tie7 



■ilSB. 









The elaborate arran^-enents for the dedication of Anshe I.:ayriv*s handsome new 

tenple are about coin; leted. The event will le a r^arked one in the annals of ^^ 

Chicago Judaisir.. and the ceremonies attendant UTDon it will be in keeping with >S 

the grandeur and importance of the celebration* ^ 

The exercises will take place next Thursday afternoon, June 11th, commencing 
at 3:30 o'clock. 

A double quartette will furnish the music. Twenty-five of the young men of 
the congregation will serve as ushers, Kr. Jacob .!• Eauland being chief. 

Invitations have been extended to the mayor and other city officials, the 
judges of the various courts, and prominent christian ministers* 

The following gentlemen form the Coromittee of Arrangements: Israel Cowen, 
chairman; Henry IT. Hart, Louis Benja;;dn, L. H. Freiberger, H. A. Kohn, David 
V/ormser, Lazarus Silverman* 



II B 1 c (3) - 2 - JS^flSH 

III C 

IV The Hefom Advocate , June 5, 1891. 

The Reception Gonnittee coi^sists of the T.essrs* ^% !.'• Gerstley, Jacob Rosenberg, 
H, A. Kohn, J. ..ewrian, Jr., Lazarus Silverman, Leon II. Freiberger, Louis Ben- 
jamin, Israel Cowen, Henry N. Hart, Jacob L. Cahn, I.Iax !.'• Rothschild, David 
Wormser, ai.d Maier Ilewnan. 



II B 1 c(3 ) 

II B 2 f 

The Refom Advocate, V/k. of June 5, 1891 • 



JEV/BK 



/STPJ^V/IERRY TSBTTIAL A SUCGESS/ 

The strawberry festival civen by Jochannah Lodge last week v/as a social and 
financial success* The attendance was large and fashionable, and the receipts 
are in the neighborhood of :;1,000, all of which v/ill be devoted to the V/omen's 
Evening Class at the Jewish Training School, 






II B 1 



c (o) 



J"'-TST-T 



rhe ?.efciT-. .Ldvocato, -.;!.:• c. 



m 






1891 



TI18 '..'Gst Chicaro Club ■.•'ill "ive a "a" festival nnd children's 
Saturday evening, '.;Lich vill be tjie Li.st affa^.r tliis ceaoon. 






ty this 



I B 1 c (5) 

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rhe Hef cm .•dvocaue, !:• of ::ay 2^:, 1891 




The personal Service Joe let:* '.111 ci"^^ ^ ^^^^ atic porfc:^:iaricG nnd a stra:vberry 
fectival vjithir. the ne::t foi'bnifht, 

IText Thursdyy ni£-ht, the rohannah Lodc^ '.:ill C'^ve a rtra^'/berry festival and 
hop at the ICursaal, on vf^lst St. lYie ontortaini-.ont iti ^i^^QTi for the benefit 
of the .'onen's Zveiiin- Cla::s of Viie rev;ish hraiiiinr School, and the fact that 
it is in the i-iands of t:.e ladies c:' Jchannah Lod^e is a ;r:narantee of its 
success. 

yo institution is no 1x3 desorvir.c] or i^ r.ore :.:: need of aid than is the school, 
and t] ere should be a generous cur-pourin;'; of tie v.'oll-disr'csed at tLis festi- 
vals 



'O 



II B 1 c (:s) 



KV^SII 



Jhe i-^efci^:; .advocate, wl : . 



OT 



-uy 22, 1391. 



The PhoGnix held a beer-drinl-rir.c feslivul la::' 
of its first anniversary^. 



Oaturdi';; ni :it, in celebra^.ion .-^■ 



•c- 



II B 1 c (3) je:i 

II 3 2 g 



1 QQT 



The P.efcrr.-i .vdvocat.:?, v;]-:. of -:a7 15, 



t..^ 



The Joliannah Lodco -./ill rivo a stravrberrr for/:.iviil and hop Tor the benefit of 
the Jev;ish '^rainin^ Tchool, Thursday evening, h.ay 28th,. at uhe Ilursaal, 31st 
St.f betvjeen PJicdos and Vernrn ..venue::, .'.s the cause is a './orthy one, a large 
na^iber cT tickets slicv.ld be disrosed of and a neal sun realized. 

Trie comittee, appointed by zhe Jliic^./c Branch cT the ^-JMish iJ.liance to arrange 
for a r.iasG ineetin."', has obtained neitiiGSion t-: neet in the KonoGOtr Israel 
Teraple, comer ."udd ar.d -^linton ^-.treets, on .jnida:' after/ioon, :.'a3^ £4th# Good 
G'^.ieahers liave been nrccured to addrc^in t; e r, etin--. 



"Hhe discussion of ''The Spirituril /j-iorica'' by Dr. Trdl 0. hirscL, Dr. ;^. J. 
Canfield, and the T.ev. !o.:ard '"c near;-, on .'ednesda^^ evening at ':,]\e Third Uni- 
tarion Church, bro'.r;ht toyet! or an Mudience t :t filled every foot of avail- 
a.ble space fror. entry to aT.ar rail. '' '"'ere ^leajis in -Jurope, the Te^.v ..'orld 

Risiny out of the Sea," v/as the subject sidcussed by Dr. :'irsch. 



II B 1 c (5) 

II A 3 b 






The :^e:^orn ..dvcca-^e, ';k. oC ildtII 10, 1891. 

The date fcr ol.e La::e3idc children *o ball in roferoncG to v/r.ek of -^^^.Til 3, 
p. IIG, hen been changed to Sa^iir^lay, the lot): inrt., a v; ^eh earlier than 
firot annconced. 

A Cradle soni^, by h::iil Lieblinr, l^as jiu^t beon TJblinhcd by 3. Brainard.-* 
3ons, It ir arran,':od ar^ c Piano ::olo, c;lso fcr violin and ];^iano, and is as 
dainty a bit of "lelody a-^.d clxar' in^ a lullaby as has been published recently 



II D 1 c (3) 






The Hefoiri Advocate , '.;]:. of April 3, 1891 







An entertrdnnent and ;\op v;ill be ■:lven b:' tr.e Ideal on Viext Tuesday ni^ht. 
Prof." Ooldrioji, tr-e prestidir-itateur, v/ill bo one of the attractions, besides .; 
which, the election re'.';ms '..ill be announced, -^ 

Great p3?oparo.tions are bein^: Made for the Children's Ball to take place on 
Saturday evoninr:, /-^pril 25th, ^.c he . iven by tlie Lalzerldo Club. 

The Calico Ball f;iven at the Standard Club l.vst Saturday niyht v;as a decided 
success. Over 150 ccur>les a'^rtoared in calico coctuiies. 



II B 1 c (o) Jl^^iai 

'he ::eforr. ..dvocutc, ./■::. c? ..pril 3, 1891. 

f^T rp • -r^-T- • - rr,"? 'n''j T* A •'■■IT' ■' ^ '"^T'^^ '<^'' p - "'' "'^ / 



J. . 1 v: 




The first I'ungarirjji Cc'An:re,--atioi:, "/v^udath ^".chin," v;ill -i^ro im eni-ertai nrae nt 
and ball Simda^ ni^ht, Arril 5 oh, at the Geccr.d P.enment Ar::ioiy, ^cr the 
benefit of the Gerieter^- fund. Tl-.e con^^re,:;at.i07. v;as orcanized a fev: years 
a<^o 1)-^' a fe:^7 non, to en'^ible tl e:: to have re *ular servicoc according: to the 
Hungarian ninhn r ( r i • .ual ) • 

"Ihe r.ienbers: ij) increasin:*, a ter^.plo vras piirc]-ic! r,ed tv;o :'e.:-ir3 arc at ::an"ell 
St. and :Iev7berry Ave. 



II B- 1 c (3) 






'^^"h.e Heforri .advocate , v;k. or ::arch 27, 1391. 

The Lakeside nas^iuerae ball, v;Lich tool: plc.ce lavSt Satxirday eveninc, was the 
most GucceGoful ever ^iven by the club. Valuable prizec V7cre av;arded to seven 
liienbers for unioue and original costurioG. 

The Ideal :111 ':ive a nuGical ontcrtain:.vjnt :-::d ho^ en A^nril 7th. 



The Ideal Masquerade ball vjavS a success last 3a"curda:' nicht. Prizes vvore a- 
v/arded to '.liss Jennie ITorden, v. ho v;as :i:\s-:ed as ''Schatchen," and to llr. .^.rthur 
Alschuler and Jacob Qoldsnith, v\ac a'^r oared a.v polar bears. 



II B 1 c (3) 






The Heforn Advocate , -;k. Ci ::arch 27, 1891. 

/ai72 B:j:::::3^rr ro:: sABEi^ii-scncqi/ 



At the v:est ChiCQr^'O Club ::cur,e last i:ondQ.i' ever.in:-, 1200 people filled the 
hall and enthusiastically a^claii.ied tlie 3ntGrtainj:;ent given for the benefit 
of Zion ToLiple Sabbat h-r*chool children. An an^iteur orchestra, under the di- 
rection of Mr, J'ranz Wald, skillfully rendered the r.iusic, -nd ^^eneral praise 
v.'QS bestovred upon the children for their rendition of the **Ghildren*s Cru- 
sade". Cr*edit -jont to hr *. Joseph 3tolz, who trained the 250 pupils of the 
Sabbath School, 



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II B 1 c (5 ) 

III C 



JBl/ISH 
Illinois Staats-ZeituDg , Liar. 4, 1879 • 
OUR JJl'.TISH CITIZCIIS 



It is generally conceded that our Jewish citizens have a v/ell- developed sense 
of benevolence, and an exceptional opportunity is provided this weel: to prac- 
tice huiuanitarianisin, Jev Friedhofs-Verein Der Faeien Soehne Israels (The 
Cemetery Association of the Free Sons of Israel) has arran^^ed a bazaar at 
Uhlich's Hall, to provide funds for the cemetery. The splendid arrangement of 
the exhibited items in itself makes a visit well vvorta while for anyone enjoy- 
ing an artist icall:?" grouped display of valuable articles* A large number of 
nice, ambitious young ladies comprise the sales force. At the ver:' entrance 
the visitor addicted to smoking is given a chance to spend a quarter for fra- 
grant Havanas, displayed by LIrs. Julie Neumann and Miss Rosalie Stein, tv/o ^ 
very attractive salesladies. Then one approaches the dining room, supervised 
by Mesdames Hart, Schv/arz, and Erueckner, and managed so efficiently that even 
the most fastidious .vill be able to satisfy his appetite in a most pleasant 
manner. 

Returning to the hall, one finds an assortment of porcelain, enamel, and 






II B 1 c (5) - 2 - JEWISH 

III C 

Illinois Staats-»Zeitung , Liar. 4, 1879. 

gliss^^/are in charge of the Misses Carrie Uncer and Dula Hichaelis; next, a 
very attractive display of notions, embroider:/', dolls, etc.; this stand is 
under the supervision of IMrs. Philipps and LIrs. Hart, assisted by four young 
ladies, the Misses Golberg, Heyriann, Fricl:, and Schv/arz. Then comes the post ^ 
office, v;herQ five young ladies serve as letter carriers: the two Michaelis ^J 
girls. Bertha Heller, Sarah Heine, and Sophie Oestreicher. We now approach >ci. 
the cand:;' stand v/here most tempting tidbits are served by L!rs. S. H. L^j^ers, p 
Ilrs. D. Greenberg, and Miss '2. Isaacs; then, a display of hand-made, luxuri- ^ 
ous articles which are being sold by Ivlrs. Affenheim, the two Hisses Affenheim § 
and Miss Philipps; a large stand v;here embroideries, perfume, etc., are sho^Tn. ^ 
Among the items is a beautifully woven silk cover, a present of Mr. N. Schwarz g 
of New Orleans. Mrs. A. Diamond, ^Irs. Jacob Kuhn, LIrs. S. A. Diamond, and cj! 
Miss Anna Nathan preside at this booth. Next, there is a stand with paintings, 
perfumes, candies, etc., in charge of Mrs. Abeles, tlrs. A. Costa, and Miss Foster; 
then the lottery, v;here an iiimense bowl of fruit attracts instant attention. 
Here sewing machines, clocks, easy chairs, v/ine, etc., are raffled off; this 
part is located at the west end of the hall-- the realm where Mrs. D. Meyer, 
J. Simonds, A. Hlchter, and Mrs. S. Livingston hold swa^r. Next is another lottery 



II B 1 c (5) - 3 - JD./I3II 

III C 

Illinois Staats-Zeitung , Mar. 4, 1879 • 

stand, where young people with an inclination to sook the "i^omised Land^ of 
marriage may find everything required — frOiH a double bed to a pin cushion — 
and where Mrs. Rosa I.Ieyers, Miss Carrie Elsas, and Miss Bertha are fully pre- 
pared to accept orders~if you win. 

Of course, no one will pass Rebecca's v;ell, in the center of the hall, where 5 
Miss Ii]va Diamond and Miss Mathilde Marks dispense the nectar. -^ 

« 

The bazaar is to bo held for the entire week, and undoubtedly a large crowd ^ 
can be expected. o 

Good concert music provides diversion and entertainment. S 



II B 1 c (3 ) 

III C 



3 



JEWISH 



CD 
tN3 



Sinai Congregation, Board of Directors, Minutes , Mar, 6, 1876. ^ 

• ••••it was resolved that the ceremony (of the dedication of the new temple) 
should "begin on Saturday, April g, at U ?• M^ , and that the festivities 
should continue on Sunday (Pesach) following, services commencing at 10 A^ M^ 



\ 



r' «:i'L: .•^-^. . 







II. CQNTRIHJTIONS 
AND ACTIVITIES 

B. Avocational and Intellectual 
1, Aesthetic 

d. Literary Societies 



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JEV/ISH 



The Jewish Daily Forward t January 10, 1927* 

CULTURE CLUB CELEBRATES THE OPENING OF O^TN HOWE. 

The Chicago Culture Club or better known in short as C. C, C*, has cele- 
brated the opening of its new home in the Lindy Building, 75 '^» Randolph 
Street, Saturday night* 

The opening was a nice one and successful. A colorful program was carried 
through in which participated such renowned artists as Theodore Katz, 
violinist of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra; Shuess, the pianist; Alexander 
Kipnio, bass of the Chicago Opera Company; the dramatic soprsjio, Mina 
Isaleva and other talented performers • Short and brief talks given by 
the organizers and main officials of the club, such as Israel Bloom, 
president; Louis Schaefer, vice oresident; and I. B. Eury, secretary* 



II B 1 d - 2 - JEinSH 

The J ewish Dai lv Fonvr.rd« January. lOt 1927» 

This club, org:.nized only a few years ago, has made great progress in 
the few years of its existence* It attracted Chicago's Jev;ish and most 
prominent intelligence. The club now has over three members and is 
starting a campaign for more* 

The club devotes most of its time to cultural activities, and every 
season e:ives a complete series of lectures on litci^ture, art and science* 
This season, the series of lectures will start to night with Henry 
Seidel Kanby, one of the greatest authorities on liter: ture in America* 
He is the editor of the only liter: ry v/eekly journal in America^ The 
Saturday P.eview of Liter ture* 

Mr* Kenby will lecture, toi ight, on the subject "Contem:crary American 
Criticism*" This club occupies a whole floor beautifully decorrtedt 
in the Lindy Building* A fine atmosphere is created the re • 



II B.l 
II D 6 



JEWISH '1=' 

Chicago Hebrew Institute Observer, 192*^. -^ 

____ - ^ 



ART EXHIBIT OPENS WITH HEGEPTION, 

The Second Annual Jewish Art Exhibit opened officially Wednesday evening, "^ 
March 18, with a reception for specially invited guests sjid for the art- 
ists. Over one-hundred- twenty-five peoole /=^athered for the reception. 
The program was short but very entertaining and appropriate. Mrs. Sarah 
E, G-reco delighted the audience with specially selected folk songs. 
Next followed a piano solo by Miss 0. Golnick, Rabbi Zonderling spoke on 
"Jewish Art," emphasizing the importance of Jewish Art and supporting the 
proposition that there is a specific Jewish Art. 

After the program, Russian tea was served from a samovar. Mrs. Eva Grinsburg 
is the Chairman of the Art Exhibit, which is being sponsored by the Jewish 
Women's Art Club. 



II B 1 d Jav/ISH 

III E 

III A Daily Jewish Courier > Jan. 4, 1923. 

A IIEBR:il.7 CLUB IN CHICAGO 

Throucrji the initiative of Dr. Abra^ovitz, T!. I^lotok, and Ben David, a Hebrew 

club has been organized in Chicago. The purpose of this club will be to ^ 

attract young men and women v.tio are able to speak Hebrew and \vho are interested 5 

in reviving the Hebrew spoken word. Tlie club v;ill also plan social affairs -c^ 

for those who are interested in riving their spare time for national, Hebrew p 

activities. ^ 

O 

The first organization meeting will be held Sunday at the clubrooms of the ^ 
Adath Bnai Israel, 1552 South 'IMrner Avenue. All young men and women who S 
are able to speak Hebrew are requested to come. ^^ 



II i 



II E 1 d 

II B 1 c (1) JEWISH 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

Forward, October 2S, 1322. 

At a meeting of the Chicago Workers Culture League, which was held Thursday 
evening. The league divided the work systematically into various committees, 
The work was divided into the following sections: Literary, dramatic, art 
and weekly lectures. 

In favor of all memhers of the Workers Culture League it was decided that 
the members of the League should have the privilege of attending all under- 
takings of the League at half-r-^te. After a financial rer)ort of the Leagxie 
was given*by the president, L. Schaffer, it was determined to contribute 
$100 to the Literary Dramatic Society from the proceeds of the first a.rt- 
evening, which will take place in the Palace Theater. The Literary Dramatic 
Society shall receive 1^ of the income from the weekly undertakings as 
subsidiaries. 

The following were appointed as officer?, and committees: L. Schaffer, pres- 
ident;. Y. Halish, financial secretary; J. Seigel, treasurer, A. Pott, 






; > ir B 1 d 

r II B 1 c (1) 



JEWISH 



Forward, Octoljer 28. 1922. WPA (ILL) ?RCj.3027i 



recording secretary. 



The following were appointed in the Tnusical sketches: Pesovai and Kiss 
Halperin. 

The dramatic sketches consist of : Dr. Lorher, M. Mason, Yonah Spivak and 
Gordon. 

The art: Spivak, Pott, Gordon and Mossavitch. 

On the committee for weekly lectures are: Hashec, Natkin Kalist, Pesovai 
and Seigel. 



II B 1 d 

II D -5 



JBV.'ISH 



Chicago Hebrew Institute Observer. 1923, 
PELL niOTJ ARTISTS HAVE V.'OHKS ON 3:aiIBIT 



WPA (ili.^ 



■ • r • ' ■, ' ' ' ►•■ 



llany v;ell .nown artists have their -/orks listed in the Art llxhibit Cata- 
logue. The artists having works at the ?Jxhibit are: Iiiniil /irmin, l>avid 
Bekker, Borris Deutch, Leo Garland, Todros Qeller, V/illiam Jacobs. Grazi* 
ella Jacoby, N. Jenkin, Zan D. Klopper, Charles I^aphael Prilik, L. Ruben- 
stein, Carl Sacks, William S. :chwart2, Walter Schneiderman, N. P. Stein- 
berg, Geo* IV. Weisenburg, Agnds Clark 'Vinkler and Oscar Yampolsky. 



II 3 1 6. 






V/D', /" ; \ 






T <^ ^>r> 



-i. r. w.,.; f^Kj.r jU275 



^v 



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c^rrrcl. 1 ^"hed 



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n^-'^rt f'^c 1. J"*" ■'".•■r"^^>rn' r-ce. 



II B 1 d jmn.SE 

III A 

I E Daily Jewish Courier. Jan. 19, 1922. 

IV 

A NOTICS TO ALL HEBRAISTS IN CHICAGO 

• 

Comrades, HebraistsI The greatest Jewish spiritual center, which was an inex- 
haustible source of spiritual nourishment for the whole Jewish Diaspora, has 
been totetlly destroyed by the violence of our Jewish renegades. Our national 
Hebrew educational institutions have been forced, through a barbaric decree, to 
close their doors* Our Hebrew publications have been confiscated, and the works 
of our talented poets and writers are to be fo\md in stables; the immortal work 
of our old, and yet eternally young, literature is being destroyed by the Jewish 
"Jesuits^** The Jewish spiritual home in Russia has been totedly destroyed. 

But in spite of the machinations of the Jewish apostates, the Hebrew literature 
and the Hebrew movement live on. Our national poet, H. N. Bialik has founded the 
publication Hadavar , which is to serve as a rallying point for the renaissance 
of our literature. Even here in America, in the land of our spiritual poverty, 
the first faint traces of a Hebrew movement have begun to appear. We, the 




II B 1 d - ^ - Jl!:;/I3H 

III A 

t I S Daily Jewish Courie r^ Jan. 19, 1922. 

IV 

Hebraists of Chicago, are the only ones v;ho sit vjith folded hands and 

do nothing, lie are "platonic friends" v;ho soiaetiLies lar.ient our poverty and let 

it go at that. It seems to be higii time that a Hebrev; Center was organized in 

our city, vjhich could becone a torch of light for our liebrev; raoveiient and all 
its branches. 

A group of Hebraists in Chicago have undertaken the task. ..t the first meeting 
which took place January 7, the liebrew Center was founded. It already has 
many membt^rs. The society, "Lovers of liebrew," entered as a unit into the nevj 
organization, which, froiii nov; on, will be laiov;n as the Hebrev; Center. 

■7e, therefore, appeal to all Hebraists in Chicago: Come to our great organizational 
meeting to be held Saturday evening, January 21, in the hall of the Kehilath 
Jacob TaliAuc Torah, at Hamlin .^venue ^-.nd lx)uglas Boulevard. Dr. o. j.. Helamed, 
Dr. A. Levinson, and -/r. .4.. A^ranot will be the speakers. Come, help us create 
a xlebrev; Center in Chicago I 

la. A. Brams, president, 
A. Katz, secretary. 




II B 1 d 



JBWISH 



Pffica^ Jijne 3. 1921 Vv'PA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



A special meeting will be held by Literary Dramatlo Society, this eveniog 
at the hone of S. Zitch 14^0 N. Learitt St. 

Two reoitation will be presented: "The Empty Saloon" by Peretz Hirshbeln 
and "Professor Branner" by David Plnsky* 



II B 1 d 

II B 1 c (3) 

Forward. May 20, 1921 



JEWISH 

WFA(ILL)?RGj.3(JZ/5- 



The Literary and Dramatic Society will give a banquet in honor of Jacob 
Ben Ami, who will bid farewell to the Jews of Chicago, at 312k M. 12th Street* 

Strictly Jewish entertainment and Jewish atmosphere is promised at this 
banquet. 



II 3 






Forward, March 23, 13 






Chicago Jewish Literory Art Cele'brr>icn 

Sholom Asch, the greatest Je\rlsh Author and Pla;;^-^,vright , is coming to 
Chicago for the u'^cond time, at the request cf Chicago Jewish intelli^entsisi. 

ftie Litcrr>ry Dr-i^matlc Society vriTl present Ash's three one-Act Flays, 
Snnda;^'' afternoon, April 10th, at the magnificent Studetakcr Theatre, Wahash 
Avenue, tet-een Tan Bureii i Congress Streets, 



1 Act 
1 Act 
1 Act 



- T7ith the Current 

- a.ir Belief 

- Palestine 



Sholom Asch nYill Speak Bet\veen the Acts 



Tickets Will Be lor Sale In A Few 'Dsrs 



(Adv. ) 



II B 1 d 

II A 3 d (1) 

II D 10 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PROi. 30276 



Forward, December 27. 1320. 

The Literary and Dramatic Society starts a campaign for writers, who are 
• facing starvation in Europe. 

The Society gives a Theater "benefit for this purpose at the Princess Theater. 
"Anna" a drama hy Alshemsky, Sunday, Januaiy S^^*^^ P. M, 



. "a* -^.'i,^.^ ^.,../ !i .."' 



II B 1 d 



JIWISH 



Forward , December 7, 1920« 
••Humor and Satire Circle'' organized. 

A group of writers and Jewish intellects have recently convened and organized 
a ••Humor and Satire Circle," with the intention of publishing, in Chicago, a 
literary-humoristic weekly. 

At nine this evening, all the members of the circle will meet at Gold's res- 
taurant, Roosevelt Rd. and Halsted St. where further discussions will be made 
concerning the materialization of the plans. 



II B 1 d 
II B 1 a 



JEWI SH 

WFA (ILL) PROJ JG27S 



Forward , January 2, 1920. 

The Literary and Drajnatic Society will meet tonight. All memhers are 
requested to "be present. A recommendation for the uniting with the Social* 
ist Choir Verein will he discussed. H. K. Marmor will introduce the impor- 
tance of uniting. 



II B 1 d 



JEIYISH 



Daily Jewish Courier > Aug. 8, 1919* 

FROM cm mSiS: TEE FREE THCUGHT CLUB 

The Free Thought Club meets every Saturday from three until five in the after- 
noon at 1412 V/est Twelfth Street, at the home of C. Levin. The club is now 
beginning the study of a new book, Heaven and Earth by Philip Kranz, Non- 
members may attend and participate in the debates and discussions. 



o 

» 
CO 



II 5 1 d 

II E 2 d (2 & 3) 



JEWI SK 



WPA (;LL;PR(]J.3027o 



Forward, J^ily 20, I919. 

"In the Clouds." 
(An Anthology) 
Published "by "Youn^ Authors Society," Chicago, 
obtainable a-t all book stores. 

Anno-oncenent: The "Ycunf:" is the name of a magazine which will appear, in 
September, published by the Young Authors Society with the participation of 
Chicago writers and many from outside the city. 

For information, write to Sec'y Schneider, I535 S. California Ave. 






II B 1 d 

II B 1 o (1) 



JEWISH 

Chicago Hebrew Institute January 1918 <>, 

Observer t^. 






The YIDDISH LITERARY AND DRAiViATIC SOCIETY, which is to the Yiddish speaking 
audience of our Conmunity what the Player's Club is to the English speaking \ 
element, has made excellent progress during the past year« I am very happy \ 
to announce that that organization is now a regular department of the In- 
stitute and serves a purpose -wJiich will be very hard to replace* In their 
usual custom, besides giving their plays on the first Sunday Night of each 
month, they invite a Yiddish poet and dramatist of international fame as their 
guest to speak to the audience. Among them were David Pinsky, Perez Hershbein. 

The following are few of the plays presented and their Authors: 

Plays Authors 

"His First Client Kosner 

"Servants of The House" — ~— — -Sholom Alecham 
"Sisters and Brothers" ——-.——Mark Orenstein 



»' 

# 



Page 2 

II B 1 d 

II B 1 c (1) JEWISH 

Chicago Hetrew Institute January I9IS ^ 

Ol^server 



^ 
^ 



"Parents and Children" Sholom Alecham ^^ 

"The Promise" Perez Hirschhein 

Lectures 
Subjects Lectures 

"The Jewish Drama" «• ; — "by H. Rosenblatt 

"Jewish Literature in America" —by Mnaham 

"The Jewish Workers Impression of Jewish Literature" by S. Asch 

"Palestine and the Jews" — by Sholom Asch 

"Children of Israel" by Perez Hirschbein 

The organization contributes its services to any educational or merited civic 
undertaking. Thus they have cooperated with the Jewish War Sufferers Pund, 
the Maccabee Schools and the Jewish Singing Society. The department is wholly 
self-supporting and in fact pays a small fee to cover electric lights, wear 
and tear for the use of the hall when other entertainments are given. The bal- 
ance of the income covers their other expenses. 



II E 1 d 
•ir B 1 a 



JEWISH 



The Reform Advocate . "fUz. of Kovemljer 3, 1917, Vol. 5U, p.305. . 

r— 
r— 

The Jewish Literary Society of Zion Terrole has nnderta^cen the first serious-j 
attempt to "bring to the public a. prograjn of distinctive Jewish music, found-o. 
ed upon traditiohal Hehrew melodies "by the musician, composer and lieder- *^ 
singer, Solomon Goluh. 






The recital will t,ake place November I7, at Zion Temple, Mr, Goluh's work 
has received high praise from recognized musical 8?athorities, 

The program will consist largely of Mr. G-olub's own compositions. 



tS~ . .V.L .J 



II B 1 d 



JEI'VISH 



II B 1 a 

Daily Jewish Courier , J.!ay 11, 1917, 

JS7;i3H EDUCATIONAL ^Li;iNC3 

At the last regular meetirif- of the iilliance, Sunday, May 6, the North West 
Musical Club joined the Jewish Educational .alliance and vjill now be called 
the Jewish Educational Alliance Musical Club. Meetings will be held every 
Sunday afternoon, and rehearsals on Ivonday and Thursday evenings. The 
Northwestern Dramatic joined the iilliance also. 

More information about the activities can be had at all times in the office 
of the Alliance. 



II B 1 d JK:aSE 

IV 

Dally Jev7ish Courier , Apr. 27, 1917 • 

JE.;iSK LIi^RART CLUB GRaiNIZBD 

More than thiirby Jewish journalists and leaders of the Jewish intel- 
ligentsia assembled yesterday in the Hebrew Institute to discuss the 
necessity of establishing a social center in Chicago for those inter- 
ested in Jewish literature. 

The following were elected as teiTiporary officers: Leon Zolotkoff, Z. B. 
Komako, and Kasier, on the art comnittee. A special comrnittee, appointed 

to work out plans for the organizition is made up as follows: Judge 
Philip Bregstone, John Spivak, J. Siegal, S. B. Llaksiman, and B. J. Shapiro. 






II B 1 d 



JEWISH 



The Reform Advocate > Vol. 5I, Wlc. of ^eli. I9, I916. p.Uy. 

Yiddish writers and friends of Yiddish literature of Chicago held a 
meeting in the Ashland Cluh House, February I6, and organized a Yiddish 
• Press Club for social purooses. 



■^ 



» , 



II B 1 d 

II B 2 d (1) 



JEWISH 



t2^ 



The Sentinels Volumes Zl^ZZ; V/eek of January Zd^ 1916, Page ZZ% 

The Yiddish writers of Chioago have formed an assooiationt whose edm is the /^ 
furthering of public interest in Yiddish literature* Among the members K^ 
are:- Leon Zolothoff, Jewish Courier # J« B« Loebner, Jewish Record « S. B» -^ 
KomaikOf Jewish Daily News of New York, S. Oreenblau, Jewish Press ^ M. 
Backall, VorwaertSt K. Marmor, Per Kunst Freund, D# Aberson, Unser Leben# 
Morris Siskind, Jewish Labor World . William Zuokeman, Vorwaerts of New York, 
J. Spivack, Jewish Record and L« Talmy, Unser Yirort# 



^p 






II B 1 d 
II B 1 c (1) 
II B 1 a 
II B 1 6 



jErnsH 



WPA /ILL) P/?0J.3DZ75 



Daily Jewish Gourier , Nov. 13 > 1914- • 

LITERARY AND ART SOCIETY ORGANIZED IN CHICAGO. 

Within the last few weeks a Jewish Literary and Art Society has been 
founded in Jhicago^ which has undertaken the task of organizing stnd 
uniting all the Jewish national progressive elements willing to devote 
their time to developing and distributing Jewish literature^ music and 
drama* It is hoped to enlist every one who has the revival of the 
Jewish national spirit at hearty and who would like to help strengthen 
and support the Jewish spirit • 

This sociaty is divided into three divisions! a literary , a dramatic, 
and a musical, and each individual may render his or her support to 
any one or all of these dividions* 

The literary division will devote its efforts to the popularizing and 
support of Jewish literature; the dramatic section, to staging the best 
dramas # 



1^ 



II B 1 d 



jEvn:sH 



The Sentinel, Volumes 13-14; Week of February 27, 1914. Page 13» 






The Herzl Literary Club, has recently affiliated itself with the Knights 

of Zion* This orgsuiization is oomposed of young men, who contemplate giving 

lectures and entertainments for propaganda work and social welfare* 

The officers of the club ea*e:<- Jacob Jacobsen, chairmani Joe Gross, vice- 
chairman; Louis Lavender, recording secretary; Frank Kennon, financial 
secretary; and A* J* Block, treasurer* 



:0 
..3 



/ 



The Progressive Literp-ry and Dramatic Glut is one of the Institnte -r*. 



II 3 1 d 

Ii S 1 c (1) ' JTOISH 

Chicago Helsrew Institute Ot server . February I91U . 

% 
The Progressive Literary and Dramatic Club: C^^ 

>A 

organizations that has in no way permitted the warm T^e.^ther to interfere Tirith 
its work* The meetings have been well attended, and the "business has "been 
conducted in a spirited manner. It has "been said that when a group of people 
"become of one opinion, mental stagriation results. Surely, this Club is in no 
danger of such a prospect, as the members seem to be alive to each situation 
and interesting ideas are always forthcoming. One would almost be led to think 
that thirJcir^ in Yiddish is conducive to sharp wits, for the meetings are con- 
ducted entirely in this tongue. 

Try-outs are now being held in order to select the caste for "Eie Misch- 
poche", by Humberg. This is a very intense Yiddish draaa; one that appeals to 
the lover of the best in Yiddish Dramatic Art. 

The selection of such a play certainly gives weight to one of the princi- 
pal objbcts of the Club, namely, the elevation of the Yiddish stage, which lias 
been on the decline since the death of Jacob &ordon# nith such an aggressive 
Literary and Dramatic Club, these performances are among the most well-attended 
of those given by Institute organizations. 









II B 1 d 



II B led) 
I C 



JZWISH 



(ftleage Hebrew Instlttit* Obterrer, Beeeaiber, 1913* 



v^ 



On Jantiary lOth^ 191^f the Progresslre Literary and Dramatic Club of the ^ 
Chi cage Hebrew Institute will celebrate Its fifth annlTersary* !Che Club was 
organised fire years ago by a few Inmlgrant Jewish young men and women of this 
city* It Is a self-supporting organisation* which has recelwed no support er 
assistance whatever from any outside sources* 

Xhe Pregresslre Literary and Dramatic Club Is the result of that general 
awakening of art feeling, and lore of art pleasure that has penetrated the souls 
of our modem Bus slaa- Jewish youth* It Is the resxilt of that wave of protest 
against the modem Tlddlsh Theatre^ which Is at the present time controlled by a 
few lucre-hux^ry Individuals who produce such plays as appeal to the baseness 
and vulgarity of the mob and satisfy the appetite of the populace* fhls con- 
viction tends Inevitably to lower the standard of Tlddlsh dramatic literature In 
this country* 

She members of the Progressive Literary and Dramatic Club realise and are 
fighting for the recognition of the distinction between popular amusement and 
drama* In this connection It Is Important to quote the opinion of the greatest 
art critic the world has ever produced: John Baskln* ""^ll art which has for 
Its puxpose to amuse, and purposes amusement to Its end, must be of an Inferior 












/*. 



II B 1 d - 2 - '- ^ .1 ■^' ■> 

II 5 1 o (1) 
I C 



f 



$1 






Gi tica^-o Ilebrev/ Institute Observer, Jecembor 1913 •• '(^L 

'■ - I i * "' ■ 1.1 ■ ■ .■!!. I ' ' C-'^ 



' ^* 



charaoter, and is usually more harmful than ^:oocU" 

The youns raen and v/omen of the Progresoive Literary p>nd Dramatic 
Club advocate the freedom of modern Yiddish dramatist of portray all aspects 
of life, the freedom of phrase and style, and of all dramaturgic teohnioue 
that makes for artistic drama, ?nd in accordance v/ith these views and aims 
they have produced plays that constitute the acme of modern Yiddish drama* 
T/ithin the last few years they have produced such plays as God, yjxn and Devil« 
by JDCob Gardin; V^ith The Current, by Sholem Asch; a dramati.'rt ^vhose plays 
have been translated from the Yiddish and played in the Royal Theater at 
Berlin; Hear, Israel, by Osip Oivov; The Sisters, by J. L. Peretz, The 
Brothers, by Abraham Reizin, and The Doctor, by Sholem Aleichem, the Mark 
T\,7ain of modern Judea; German literature occasionally, and, at different 
interval-^, the Progresr.ive Liter'^ry and Drr-.matic Club has arranged litercjry 
eveninf-s, v;hen readings of the g-eatest Yiddish poets have been rdven by 
the most talented of its members • 



II B 1 d - 3 - jh:'t:sh - 

II B 1 o (1) •■' 

IC 

Ghiorj^o Hebre^Y Institute Observer, Deoerabor 1913 • 

----■*■ 

In 1911 and 1912, the Progressive. Literary and Drametic Club arranged 
a series of discussions of the modern drama and ';uestions of dramaturgic 

techni'-'Ue and construction v/ere intelligently discussed. The educational 

V'.lue of these discussions cannot be overestimated. This season the follov/- 

ing plays v/ill be produced: Hear, Israel, by Osip Dimov; People, by Sholem 

Aleichem; The Sternal Sonp;, by Iviark Orenstein. "Jith even more enthusiasm, 

the future v/ork is being planned. Next season the Club v/ill present Ibsen, 
Hauptman, Suderman, and Schnitzer, in Yiddish Translations. 



II B 1 d 

II B 2 a 

III 3 2 



JS.7ISH 

WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 



Daily Jewish Courier^ Sept. 30, 1913 • 



Dear Sditort 



* Kindly publish in your v/orthy newspaper the following report on 
the !• L. Peretz Literature Verein, branch of the A. N. A, F. No. 77s 

This branch meets the 1st and 3rd Sunday of each nonth. The meetings 
are mostly devoted to debates of every nature, lectures on all subjects, 
recitations and discussions. The purpose of the meeting is, in general, 
to develop the literary aesthetics of the members. This branch also has 
a library in which there are 250 books by different authors to suit the 
individual tastes of the readers. 7/inter is now setting in, with its long 
nights in which we can transact activities. iVe urge those who are 
nationalist ically inclined to become members of our branch and support 
us in our important work. 

Trusting that you will publish this report. I remain, 

Respectfully yours, 

Molly Ginsburg, secretary* 



II B 1 d 
II B 2 6 

Daily Jev/ish Courier > Jon. 31, 1913. 



JE^nSK 



/r^iii; isvn/ji SHOIL-Jtc ssfa'f-i aTiH^ 

On Stinday, Febriiary 2, it v/ill be thirty years since the Ilevrah Shohare Sefath 
Aver (Tlie Society of the Revivers of the Hebrew Language) organized itself in 
Chicaco. Thirty years have elapsed since a snail croup of intellectuals laid 
the cornerstone of a Jewish cultural center in Chicago v/here young Jev/ish men 
and women who love the Hebrew language can meet and plan ways of spreading the 
language among the great masses of the Jev/ish people. Thirty years have passed P= 
since a foundation was laid for this Jexrtsh institution whose task it is to ^ 

disseminate Jev/ish culture and sciehce among the Jev/ish people. In the past ^ 

thirty years the Jev/ish people have passed through many vicissitudes. Various £^ 
advocates of various dogmas have appeared on the scene—but there remains no ^] 

mejdory of them 









ilnyone v/ho has his finger on the pulse of the Jev/ish people knoxvs v/hat the other 
so-called cultural centers have accomplished. They have aroused confusion in 
the minds of those intellectuals v/ho change their ideals and attitudes as quickly 
as dust clianges into a storm. Tliey have created spiritual cliques which have 



II B 1 d - 2 - JEV/ISH 

II B 2 g 

Daily Jewish Courier , Jan. 31, 1913. 

seduced the Jewish worker from his race and from his faith, and have laade him 
a victim of nihilism* 

The Kevrah Shohare Sefath Aver, however, well understands that, in order to 
develop a high morale in a people, the child must receive the proper cultural 
food« The Hevrah can, therefore, point proudly to the healthy children which 
it has reared. The followers of other organizations, however, have remained 
foreign to the Jewish people and foreign to themselves, while we meet former 
members of the Kevrah Shohare Sefath Aver in all v/alks of life. They have come 
to be our present social workers; they take an active part in everything per- 
taining to Judaism. 

No one can doubt the fact that every Chicago Jew, who considers the Hebrew 
language sacred and who knows that in order to preserve the Jewish nation he 
must first of all preserve the Hebrew language, will come and greet the 
Hevrah Shohare Sefath Aver on their thirtieth anniversary. 






CD 



CO 



II B 1 d 



JEWISH 



II B 2 a 

WPA(iLL)PROJ. 30275 
^-, Daily Jewish Courier, October 9> 1912. 

HEBRE7/ SPEAKING SOCIETY. 

We announce to the Chicago Jewry that the library is already open 
to the public. The reading hours Eire from 7 to 11 daily and from 
7 to 4 on Saturday and Sunday^ The public is invited to visit the 
Library (of the Hebrew Speaking Society). 

Services will also be conducted by a quorum of worshippers on 
Saturday* 

Lectures on Jewish literature and history will be held every Friday 
evening. 

Respectfully, 

M. Sider, president. 



II B 1 d 

HDD 



J3WISH 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 3^275 



Courier , U-7-10 



A EelDrew Literar:,'- meeting v-'ill "be held Saturday 3:00 P.M. at the Jewish 
Settlement, cor. Clinton and Jord Streets. ^!r. J. vTold will STjeak on Mos'es 
Leb Lilienbloom. A. Cohn of Minneapolis vdll ?peal^ on Solfimoa Rubin. All 
Fho understand Hebre\^ are invited to come. 

H. Eobitz, Secretary. 



II E 1 d 
I V 



JE^I SH 



WPAfilL}PRoj.30?7 



Courier , May 2, I909. 
FEai ^EK TO WSr-K. 



THE YEKOASH LITEBAHY OEOUP. 



The Yehoash Literar;y" Group, who undertook to have a part, or if possible, the 
complete works of Yehoash translated into English, elected officers. T?iey are: 
Dr. David Blaustein, chairman; Leon Zolotkoff, vice- chairmen; B, Hunritz, sec- 
retary and treasurer. S. B. Koiripiko, Harry Lii^sky, Vs^ Shulman, pud Israel 
Reizhum, are in the active committee. The ner'ly electerl officers undertook to 
lead the cpjnpaign to a successful finish. A sum of money b?s "been invested al- 
ready for the translations of <^.ome of Yahoash's poetry. Some of his poetry ?7ill 
soon he published in different Enfdish maf^azines and ne^"S"opr)ers. Those who pre 
anxious to see Yehoash* s works trnislated into En,p:lish, have heen hi/^:hly elated 
"by the announcement. They are confident that the ^^reat Jevish poet who is he- 
loved amongst Jews, will also he acclaimed in English literar;^'- circles. 



II B 1 d 



3:jish 



III A 

Daily jev;ish Courier , Apr. lo, 1909, 

TILH Hl^BRj^Z-SPILyrmiG GROUP IS HI A "COliA'' 

In our land of national r eavjakeninc , Palestine, the comiiion laborers, as v;ell 
as the intellectuals, speal: liebrev; at all tines# In that country even the 
birds sine tiieir prayers in Iiebrev.% This condition does not exist in our 
liebrevz-speakinc group in Chicago. The g2X)up is obviously in a "coma" — not 
because of any financial difficulties but sinply because our nembers do not 
attend the neetings. 'jliile the Hebrev; language is gaining ground in Palestine, 
it is getting \;eaker and v/eaker here. 



O 



Eriends who have just arrived here frox:i the old countryl itoericanized J"ev/sl ^ 






Students and workers and all i/ho love the Hebrev: language— help us reorganize 

our group. The IIebrev/-s peaking group must exist, and the vzork of the devel- ^ 

opment of our Hebrew lan^^age and literature /mist continue/. 

Reiaember that the Hebrew language is being revived now, and that our Hebrew 
group must be revived along v/ith it J Forget that you are living in IDxile, and 



II B 1 d - 2 - JE17ISII 

III ^L 

Daily Jeavish Courier, Apr. lb, 1909 • 

think about our freedom and our national lanGua^eJ Cone, help us revive the 
Ilebrevj-speakinc group! 

V/ith Eebrev; greetings, 

Yehoshua Seligrnan, secretary, ^, 



ZfJ 
CD 



CO 

en 



II B 1 d 
II B 2 f 



jEinnsH 



The Courier. November 22, 1907. 
_ LITERATURE EVENING OP HEBREk'tr. 

The Agudath Ivrlth# (Hebrew Literary Society) t is an organization for the 
purpose of spreading the study of the Hebrew language • The organization has 
club rooms at 332 W# 12th Street* Room ffZlf where one may find many current 
Hebrew Newspapers and Journals* 

Every day from 3 to 7 ?• M«, the Hebrew language is being taught to the small 
Jewish children in acoordcmce with the latest methods* There is also going 
to be a Hebrew class for adultSt for which we are accepting applications 
now every evening* 

This Saturday evening* the 23rd of November t we are having at the club a 
special literary evening* Ur« Haftt will recite and read a few compositions 
of some noted Jewish Hebrew writers* After this free debates will be in 
order • 

Respectfully, 

I*J* Seligman 



II B 1 d 



JEWISH 



THE DAILY JEV/ISH COURIER, October 23, 1908 



VVPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



"Ben-ishiah" In Chicago 

Mr* David Greenberg, the well known Jewish poet, who writes under the 
name of "Ben-ishiaht " yesterday arrived to ChicagOf in order to celebrate 
the 50th Jubilee of Mr. Aaron Hellert which will take place tomorrow 
evening at the Hull House* 

Mr* Aaron Heller, who is celebrating the 50th anniversary t has attained 
recognition through his poetry* Those who read his work derived a 
great deal of pleasure* At the celebration a capacity crowd of business 
people is awaited, among whom Mr* Heller has made a name for himself, 
as well as all friends of Jewish literature* 



/ 



II B 1 d 
II B 2 g 



JEWISH 



Courier, Octo'ber U, igOJ. 



N 



New Series of Lectures Started by Hebrew Literary Society Tonight* 

The new series of lectures of the Hebrew Literary Society, of this winter sea- 
son, starts tonight with a lecture on "Americanism and Zionism," by Leon Zolot- 
koff , editor of the Daily Jewish Courier , and known throughout the country as 
one of the most brilliant Jewish speakers in the world today. 

The following will lecture on successive Fridays: Rabbi Stolz, Rabbi Fisher, 
Dr. Yudelson, Rabbi Israelson, Rev, Budjinsky, Mr. Harris Horwltz and Mr, Max 
Schulman, 

Everyone Interested is Invited to attend regular Friday night, evening meet- 
ings. The Sabbath School of the Hebrew Literary Society will open next Sat- 
urday. Your children may still be enrolled. Do so now. 



JIVISH 



'ij 



II B 1 d 

II B 2 d (2) 



^ 



The Beform Advocate,Vol.21,Wk.of May lt,1901, P.36g. 



?^ 



In lgS9 the Hebrew Literary Association of Chicago, a society organized ^ 
by a niimber of Hassian Jewish reformers in the interest of the Hebrew language '\ 
and literature, made an attempt to publish a monthly magazine in Hebrew. !Pwo ^ 
issues appeared under the name of "Keren Or" (Hay of Light). These numbers 
contained articles written by Dr. Pelsenthal, Mr. Peretz Wiemik, and H. ^^ 
Eliassof • But it seems that no Hebrew paper can exist for any length of time ;^ 
in this country, and it was discontinued. /"^ 



i^ 



n:- 






II E 1 d 
IV 

The He form Advocate . Wk,of Iviay U,1901,Vol.21,p.322. 



'JSTTISH 



-t> 



"X, 






The Washington Literary Society was organized in Chicago in the year 
-1260, and was the first Jewish social organization in the State of Illinois. 
•It catered mostly to the social side of its members, but it took great pride 
in its literary debates and dramatic performances* Among its members were § 
Mr. Emanuel Mandel, Mr. Adolph Shire » Mr^ Jacob Metzler, Mr. Louis Rosenthal, 
Mr. Louis Oberndorf, Mr. Jacob Katz, Mr. Max Polachek, and Mr. Jacob D. Cahn. 
-It had a very prosperous existence for a number of years* Then the majority 
of its members entered the state of matrimoriy and lost interest in the society, 
which died a natural death. Following is a list of the officers who served in 
1S66* 

J. Greenhood, President; Mr. Kewberger, Vice-President; Jacob L. Cahn, 
Seci^etary; J. Kahn, Treasurer; and J. Katz, Librarian. ; 

From this list it appears that the society also maintained a library, I 
the nature of which we are unable to state. | 



II B 1 d 
II B 2 f 



j^n SH 






r.5 



The Re forrg Advocate t V7k. of Nov* 11, 1893. p.208, 'ifi 

The two Russian societies, Sopho Berwiah ana Dorshai Safruth, have united 
under the name of Sochrai Sfath Ever* The new organization is a strong one and 
will accomplish much good in its main object, the instruction of the young in 
Jewish history* The rooms, at 63 Judd street, are open daily to all, until 10 
o* clock at night. 



II B 1 d JEy^ISH ' 

II B 2 d (2) 

The Reform Advocate > Wk« of Nov. 4, 1893t 

/K)NOR MSMORY OP ZEDERBAUM/ 

The Sopho Berurah and Dorshai Safros, two literary societies of this city, 
composed mainly of intelligent young Russian Jews, held a joint meeting last 
Sunday evening, to do honor to the memory of the late Ur« Sederbaum, editor 
of the Hamelitz* 



II B 1 

TTTT 



J3v;iSK 



The Hefc rm Advocate, Nov« 14, 1891« 

/organize NS/ SCCIETY^ 

In sjiswer tc the call itisued by Dr. Moses for the forrae.ticn of a society for 
the study of Jewish -^^istcry end Literpture, a number cf ladies ond t:*entlemen 
liiet last v/eek in the vestry room of K» A» !'• Temple and icrined a te.ipcrary 
organization, with lir. Israel as chairiaan. 

The society r.as adopted the naiae cf •^The K« A. !'• }(nov/ledf-e Seekers,** its ob- 
ject, religious and literary culture btA the establish: ent and maintenance 
cf a library. The merribership is net iiiuited tc Hiejubers cf the K. A. ]'• ccn- 
{^rejation. Applications r.ust be signed by two i..eiabers cf the society, and 
are then passed upon by the Executive Corjiittee. 



II B 1 d 
II B 2 a 

The Reform Advocate. Wk. of Sept. 26, 1891. 



JEWISH 



^W UBRARY ESTABLISHBlT' 



^ 



The Lasker Literary Society has established a library of the best class of ^ 
books and magazines* Additions in all lines of literature arp being con- \ 

stantly made to it* As soon as the society secures permanent quarters^ 
the library will be open to the public on the regular meeting days# 



II B 1 d 
II B 2 g 

The Refona Advocate, Wk# of June 19, 1B91# 



JEWISH 



^ITERARY SOCIETIES IN DEBATE/ 

The Lasker Literary Society will hold its next regular meeting at Lincoln 
Hall, 68 £• Adams St*, Sunday, June 21« One of the principal features of 
the program will be a Joint debate with the Cremieux Literary Society* The 
subject to be discussed is ^Whether success is due more to perseverance than 
to genius#^ The Lasker representatives will maintain the affirmative cause, 
while the negative will fall to the lot of the Cremieux* 



i. 



J 



-< 



II E 1 d 

The Reform Advocate, ^-^ay 2^, 1391« 

/hliSKER 30CISTY PRO'lRiUvT' 

The Lasker Literary Society will hold its next regular iueetin- on Sunde.y 
afternoon s.t ^ib-rty Hall, 70 Adaip.s Street. The following pro-rajn will 

delivered: 

Criticism H. Jelonak 

PiBiio Solo i-Iiss T. Stifel 

Essay -ax Senuels 

Postponed Debate Affirmative, : oses Sej.uels 

:Jef,ative, Leo !!• Stern 

Essay — -j^jiton Pollak 

Vocal Solo — • ^I'iss B. Johnson 

Leiker Review Editor 

Sketch of V/asliincton Irvinr; - Simon Vehon 

Readin*? -Henry Auberbach 

Reading of ::o.] Jet, Act I Scene 5 

Ho^ulet r.iss H. Bx 

Ghost Oscar Lowenthal 

I'arcellus - ^^enry Auberbach 
Horatio — ".dss J« Lewin 

Critic of Reading Ki^s T. Starr 

1 ^^ Qnr"{-f:'t-ions ~- •"*" All l»-embers 

sitors are welcome ^^uc-c-xicub 



JE7ISIL 



be 



-T^rr-rrrsaw 



II E 1 d 



JS.7I3H ^ 

7-^ 



T he Reform A dvcoa.tej Tay lu, 1891. 

^RK.JEUX LITBR.'LRY bCClETY WIIJS DEBATjT' 

The Cremieux Literary Society defeated the Cciumbia Literary Society in their 
match debate, Sunday, I.. ay oBd» The papers of kisses Rose Stern and Nellie 
Kohn, were excellent end rore hi-^hly appreciated. The next debate will be be 
tween the Creiuieux 9nd Lftsker Literary Societies, Sunday, June 21st, at \7ash- 
ington Hall. The Cremieux v/ill hold its re^:;ular me^tinj Sunday afternccn, o.t 
Eraerscn Mall* 



r- 



I 3 1 d 






The ":efQi?: .jivocato , ':ai"* :7/ , 1891. 

Tlie Lasker Literary Society, :'ill held its noxt regular neetiny at Hsy^iarket 
Hall, Sunday, !:arch n9th, v;hen tke :'!: llovdny prorram '..111 be ; rccented: 

Criticiar:: - - ::r, Cincn Vehcn 

Vocal solo - I'iss ^'ello J"chnccn 

P.eauinr; - - - V::*. Iienr^' Jeloi:.:;}: 

EsGay - - - - yr. Ai.ton Pollak 

liano duet - kiss k. ■."itko'.7G-:y - kiss T. .-:tiofol 

Debate kecolved: That Caenar v/aG a c>^es.ter states- 
nan thcvn [^erxSTcilm 

AffiiMative - yis^: II. Cinon, kr. J.G. Grossberr; 

keyativc - I.ir. H. Auberach, kr. kcses Samuels 
Pteadinc fror.i kiunlet, Act I Scene 3, 

Ot)helia - - kiss k. Suierel 



II Bid 

•The Reform advocate, liar, 27, 1391, 

Laertes - - :.:r. "^oses Sanuols 
Polonius - I.'r* Harry V;olf 

Laslcer :Aevier7 - L. :'.. otorn 

Ouo tat ions - - - 

All nembers, all visitors v/elcaie^ 



TIT- -T CTT 



c — J . . J, Oil 



II B 1 d 

II B 1 a 

The Hefor!! ildvocnte, -;>. of ::ar. 20, 1C91. 

The Crenieux Literar:^ Society, v;ill hold its refulcr r.^etiiic at lirierson Hall, 
45 Z. Randolph Street, Siniday, ::arch :32nd, at 3 o'cloc::. An interesting pro- 
gra::, both literary and ;.ur>ical, is rrcnined, 

?repai*ations are heinf: nade fcr t'-.e annunl rrorionade ci ncort and hep of the 
Cremieux hiterarp ::>cGiotp, ?rofesr,or A. hcsenbech-or mid Ms orchestra of 
thirop piecen, -;ill furnirh the rxx^ic and a professional sin^^er has alco been 
en,^aned for the occasion. The affair v;ill take place at the horth Side 
Turner Tall, Jaturday evenin':, ..j^ril 4th. 






ir B 1 d 

II D 2 



JEWISH 






The Ocoldent. Sept 61111)6 r 10, 1866. 
IIHITED ORDER OP HONOR. 



1^ 



Th6 Honor B« J« Dayld, Deputy Supreme President • organized Occidental Lodge c^, 
Monday Eveningt SeptemlDer 6 inst» in St* Georges Hall 162 E» Madison Street^ x^ 
with a large Charter membership» composed of many of the most learned pro- 
fessional and able business men in our oity« 

After the election and installation of officers and appropriate speeches had 
been made by the various members* the Honor B« J* David replied, 

"Officers and members, it affords me great pleasure to see so much enthusi- 
asm in my midst, which demonstrates to me that you are well pleased with the 
noble princiT5les of this Order* On April 26^ 1881, the first lodge was or- 
ganized, and now its usefulness has reached nearly every State in the Union* 
(Tellow-Pever districts excepted.) It is universally accepted by the most 
competent Judges to be one of the most refined, useful inexpensive and pro- 



II B 1 d -2- JEWISH 

II D 2 

The Oocldent* September 10, 1886* >* 



"7- 



gressivd sooiaties in existenoet and endorsed by our best class of citizens^ 
Its objects are literaryt social and mutual aidt c^d gives its members the ^ 
kind of protection they require* because it pays llfOOOf iBfOOO* or fS^OOOt 
the full amountf to its members first should they become permanently dis* ^ 
abled by accident or disease by which they can enjoy it while livingt or <>* 
second when they attain the age of serenty five years t or third at the 
death of a membert the amount goes to their will and this endowment is paid 
within thirty days rf'ter being notified of such. 

"I trust that you will ever bear in mind that charity is one of the noble 
principles of this order* and that you will never be guilty of withholding 
the hand of charity from any deserving member." 



II B 1 d 
ir B 2 a 
II B 2 g 






The Occident, March 5, 1886. 






■>L 



The Jewish Slavonic citizens of Chicago met on Sunday last at 569 Canal St., '% 

for the purpose of organizing more fully their society, entitled ^ 

"Developers of Hebrew Literature." Among the more notable persons present 
who addressed the meeting were:- Mr. A. Paradise, Dr« Albert Kadi son, H. 
Eliasof, Dr. B. Felsenthal, Rabbi T. G. Lesser, Rabbi Abraham A. Alperstein, 
Elieser Anixter and others. With other citizens who were present were:- 
Mr. E. Rubovits, P. Kiss and Julius Silversmith, editor of the Cccident* 



After calling the meeting to order, Mr* Paradise welcomed the invited guests 
to whom he explained the object of the meeting. He stated that the society 
had been formed to give the young element an opportunity of improving their 
time for purpose of education, and social position; that the society had 
already a nucleus* of some five-hundred Hebrew volumes, ten newspapers and were 
now endeavoring to raise suf-Ticient means to enlarge this library. 



^ 



II B 1 d 
TI B 2 a 
II B 2 g 



-2- 



JE'7ISH 



The OcQJdentt March 5^ 1886 



r 



-3 






"tJ!^ 



Dr« Kadison then made a stirring appeal to his countrymen to aid the society 
in their venture for the improvement of the Slavonic Jews in Chicago* In his 
endeavor to scientifically show that only through atomism were societies formed, 
he stated in brief that the object of the association was the education of 
its copatriots, that every Sunday evening there would be a business meeting, 
other evenings during the week would be devoted to the reading of pepers and 
the delivery of lectures, and at stated meetings instructions in. Hebrew would 
be given; thirdly general dissertations upon science would be held. Dr« 
Felsenthal followed with an able address in which he strenously advocated 
the furtherance of this project, and was vociferously applauded. 



After Dr« Felsenthal, Mr. Eliasof, delivered a lengthy Hebrew essay from 
manuscript, upon the progress made by the Jevfs throughout the Unites States; 



II B 1 d -3- JS^^ISH 

II B 2 e 

II B 2 g 

The Occident , March 5, 1836. 

he elucidated the necessity existing for their banding toeiether for the 
purpose of preserving the liter^^ture of their ancestors; he stated that 
this country offers the grandest field for the development of a pure JudeisTn, 
consistent with the duties of American citizenship. The essay v/as listened 
to with marked attention throughout, and warmly applauded. 

Next followed the Rahbis of the orthodox con^req^/^tions, who addressed their 
comtrymen intheir own vernacular. During en interim a subscription list 
was circulated, and one hundred dollars were contributed by the audience, 
a transcript of which will hereafter appear in these columns* 



*' 



II E 1 d 
II D 6 



JEWI SH 



Jevjjsh Adve-nce , November 22, 1.^7 -• 

Chicago Sketches, by Ben Adam. Y. !!. H. A. 

About two years ago, a verj^ warm and enthusiastic agitation for literary 
societies commenced to stir up the young men of the North Side, and they at 
once organized a society/ under the name of Y, M, H, A. The success and pros- 
perity which they enjoyed in the first da^^^s of their existence, prompted some 
yoimg people of the West Side to do likewise, and the Zion Lit. ""became aji 
established fact," and a short tim*e aftervard the Sinai and Progress, on the 
South Side, were organized, aaid they were followed by the members of the 
Stajidard Club, who instituted at their establishment the "alira mater of fash- 
ion, aji extraordinary chair of literature and debate, and called the sajne 
"Literary Society." 

Por about a year these Literaries were all the rage with the young folks, 
they became absorbing topics of the day, but, alas, this did not last very 



Psge 2 

II S 1 d 
II D 6 



JEWISH 



Jeydsh Advs-nce . Nov. 22, l^Jg. 

long. The warm feelings for elevation sjid cultivation of the mind relaxed, 

STi"bsided, ajid at last passed away like a cloud. The Y. M. H. A. v^^as the first 

to give UT) its ghost, and on last Wednesday the Sinai Lit. followed them 

into the ouiet waters of the Lethe. 

At present we have here only three Literary Societies, the Zion on the West 
a^d the Standard and Progress on the South Side, and according to my judge- 
ment, the Zion alone stpjids today developed as an organization in full 
strength of a promising and useful existence. 



JEWISH 



II B 1 d 

IE 
' . Jewish Advapce . Jvine 2S, 1$73. 

(Eesolution by Sinai Literary Society) 

"We are thankfxil to the Standard Club for the use of their elegant 
library, which has been granted us* IThey have a valuable selection of English 
and German similar journals*" 







II. CONTRIBUTIONS 
AND ACTIVITIES 
B. Avocational and Intellectiial 
1. Aesthetic 
e. Literature 



■J 



^:i: 







j 







-■ ,v 



.'■ ■■ V. 



. II B 1 e JEWISH 

Dally Jewish Forward . Apr* 30, 1931 • 

HEBRAISTS VERSUS YIDDISHISTS 

It Is an accepted fact that no matter where or when a group of Hebrew and 
Yiddish Journalist 3 meet a clash will follov/ sooner or later about the Ian- 
guage problem* A perpetual conflict has been going on between Hebrew and :J 
Yiddish wrlters*^ The conference recently called by the Peretz Earband was ^r^ 
not an exception ^o an usual Hebrew-Yiddish meetiii^/; and the reason why p 
it did not last long was that the Hebrew Jouimallsts were not represented 
proportionately* 



-T7 

CD 



Why should we deceive ourselves? We know that both Hebrew and Yiddish are 
**dying**— that both are in a **deplorable condition*** Both languages are on 
the threshold of being destroyed in their struggle with the big and powerful 
living languages of modem civilization* The future of neither is secure: 
both hang from a bximing thread; but instead of co-operating and helping each 
othert they are fighting against each other* I think it will be the greatest 
misfortune for the Hebrew language if Yiddish were to become dead— and vice 



CO 



Ci" 



-.1 



II B 1 e - 2 - JS1.ISH 

Daily Jev/ish Forward , Apr, 30, 1931« 

versa# The Yiddish language is still the bi5^:est prop of the Hebrev; language* 
In the coiintries where Jev;s to not speak Yiddish there are no Hebrew-speaking 
persons — v;ith the exception of a fev/ scholars who studied Hebrew much in the 
same manner as some study Sanskrit, Latin, Oreek, or any other dead language* 

The Jewish Heder /Old World type of Hebrew schoolT' has nourished the Hebrew 
and Yiddish languages throughout the ages. Should we close the Heder , it will 
mark the end of Hebrev/ and Yiddish — at least in the so-called 3xile countries. 
If the Yiddish language disappears frcm the face of the earth so will the 
Hebrew language. Those Hebrew fanatics vxho bitterly attack the Yiddish lan- 
guage are not even aware of the fact that they are attacking themselves. These 
people are not only attempting to commit homicide but also suicide* The same 
misfortune would happen to the Yiddish language should the Hebrew lan^^uar-^e f 
disappear* ^^ 

Viithout Hebrev; — without the Hebraic elements and expressions v:hich are found 
in Yiddish — the Yiddish language v/ould i^radually become a Germanic dialect* 
By losing its Hebraic peculiarities and content, the Yiddish language would 



v.. ^ 



i II B 1 e - 3 - J:^7ISII 

Daily Jev/ish Forwa rd, ^pr* 30, 1931* 

in tirae a^:ain become part of the German languaf^e. The Hebrev; elements 
molded and shaped Yiddish and made it a rich and juicy language; they pre- 
vented it from degenerating — from good Yiddish into bad German. V.e all re- 
member very v/ell the peculiar Yiddish used thirty years ago in ]3urope and in 
ximerica v;hen it was more customary to v/rite in German-Yiddish than in Ilebrev/- 
Yiddish. .Is matters stand nov;, Yiddisn needs Hebrew no less than Hebrew needs 
Yiddish. This controversy is very harmful for both groups since they will 
only lose their energy and their strength — and gain nothing. 

Both language c^roups have very y;holesome and very important arguments to 
advance^ V/e must, therefore, say that each group is ri^:ht according to its 
point of view. The Yiddishists are most certainly right v/hen they argue that 



c > 



CO 

Yiddish is the living language of a living nation. This is the best and the ^ 
strongest argument. 7/e all lilde the Yiddish language. It is very natural far 
us to like it — v;ithout giving explanations — because it is lii^e a mother's love 
for her children. Yiddish is our native tongue. V/e were reared in it; we 
learned hov; to think and express our eraotions, ideas, and ideals in ito 



II B 1 e - 4 - JEWISH 

Daily Jewish Fonvard , Apr. 30, 1931. 

It appears to me at times PLither preposterous that some of our theorists, 
educators, and philosophers should seek to convince us that Yiddish has 
^♦historical rir:',hts** because several prayer books v/ere written in the vernacu- 
lar, or because a Purim play v/as perforrred several hundred years ago in Yiddish. 
Yiddish does not need such historical rights to justify its existence. It is 
here, and it is alive; that is the best proof of its importance. 

Hov;ever, the Hebraists also have claims v;hich aualify Hebrew as the cradle - 
language of the Jev/ish nation. Tlie Jews have created cultural treasures in [ 
Plebrew which have been, and still are, of universal significance. Hebrew has ? 
accompanied the Jev/ish race for over three thousand years. During their long 
wanderings the Jev/s have used and discarded various languages of various 
countries, but Kebrew^ always stayed with them. It was their literary and 
religious language — not their "weekday** tongue. 



::3 






In Hebrew we find the literary treasures which the Jewish race has created 
during its long Sxile. 3ven the literature of some of the foreign groups was 



, II B 1 e - 5 - JS17ISH 

Daily Jewish Forward , Apr* 30, 1931 • 

created by the Hebrews: for example, the Persian and Arabic literatures ♦ 
Although very little remains of these literatures, their is still evidence 
of the priceless contributions of the Jews to the literary world. Had the 
Guide to the Perplexed > a work written in Arabic by the greatest of all 
Hebrew scholars ^^^loses Maiiaonides/, not been translated into Hebrew, it 
probably would have been lost together with many other great works like 
The Fountain of Life, written by the world-famous poet and thinker, Solomon 
Ibn (iabiroL 

Yiddish does not need any historical rights because it is alive. Hebrev/ 
has enormous historical rights which cannot be ignored or slighted. In con- 
clusion — both parties are justified in their claijas. 






-4 



II B 1 e 

The Sentinel^ Volumes 55-56, Vfeek of July 4, 1924 j Page 16. 

Attorney Philip P. Bregstone has writuen a novel in Yiddish, entitled 

In the Storm of Life» The story concerns Jewish life in -f^erioa* 









<'":^ 






JEVISH 




.6. 





II B 1 e 



JEjv/ISH 



The xHeform Advocate, Volume 65« 'Jeek of June 9, 1923, Page 682. 

The poems, "Our Soldier Dead," and "The 3pitaph for the Unknown Soldier," 
were written by Annette Kohn of Chioa£;o« 



^ 
^ 

-^ 









,■• — > 
..A 



II 13 1 e 

II B 2 'i (2) 



*J — ' '' < ^ -^^^ 



S\iiiut-r: Je..-ii'h CouriGr , Lay 6, 1925, 









0"' 



(In ^n-'lish) 



_>. 



Ben Hecl.t, one ci the nost sens:. tional jf ti:e i.^odernist v.^iters in i-u.iericc. today, 
has made liis -nublic bo.; this v/eek v;itii the fil'th niinber of his bi.vee.wlv '»:)Uulica- 
tion, the Chicar;o Literory Ti.Mes. Ap. in tlie -orevious nui:ibers of -chis unique 
journal, Beii Hecht continues licre his tirade ar.ainst the absurdities of the 
literary cult. He is unc-'-nnily satirical and dispenses his advice c^uite freely 
to those authors '.;ith ;;hon he can convenient!'^'' ^Diclc a (-aiarrel. He arraigns the 
literature ano the art of the day, the science, the politics, and the econonic 
rospel of t''io ti^ries. These he considers as the essentials of life. He marshals 
life before hi:.: and issues liis coMi::and, ::e cares never a ";hit for tiie doctrines 
of othor-i. He follov.rs his o'.;n counse]. and r-ursuos his v/ay irre:'pectiv£. of the 
directions -^ivon hin by others. 



II B 1 e - 2 - JEvrrSH 

II B 2 d (2) 

Sunday Jev/lsh Courier, Llay 6, 1923* 

Ben Hecht dwells v/ithin a sphere entirely of his ov/n making. Everything v/ritten 
by him represents the product of his mind. He is a v/ell of many v/aters. He 
possesses a creat fancy, an intense emotion, an original style, and is a fluent 
v/riter, a master of vocabulary. He is very prolific, too, and v/hether you fully 
grasp his meaning or not, you are fascinated by his language and are compelled 
to read him. He makes you curious and interested, and that, in effect, is really 
the greatest compliment an author can receive • 

Ben Hecht is a man v/ith no long list of honorary degrees. He v/as born in New 
York thirty years a^ of poor parents v/ho v/ere emigrants from lilkaterinoslay 
^ow Dnepropetrovsk^, He v/ent through the public and high schools and ex- ^ 
perienced many hardships before he could earn a livelihood of his ^en. He was 
one of the star feature men on the staff of the Chicago Daily News, and its war 
correspondent. His war cables were read eagerly by the nev/s readers, for they 
possessed the fascination that all such reports ordinarily lack. They were 
photographic in their realism, yet significant in a spiritual sense also, the 



ro 



II B 1 e - 3 - JSvTISH 

II B 2 d (2) 

Sunday Jewish Courier , IJay 6, 1923. 

coinment of a man v;ho sees and does, not merely Qaze. He is also the author of 
a play called Under False Pretenses , and several novels — Frik Porn , Gargoyles , 
and Fantazious Llallare — the latest a psychological study, v/hich the censor 
thought too radical an expression of opinion, as well as of a number of short 
stories published in magazines an anthologies. 









II B 1 e 
II B 2 d (3) 



JBWISH 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



forward . March 18, 1922« 



The local Jewish Intellectuals will celebrate tonight at eleven o'clock* 
The publication, in book form, of the collected poems of Israel Blum, will be 
celebrated at a banquet in Bosenthal's BestanTant, 93^ W« Boosevelt Boad# Israel 
Blum is one of our talented poets* 

!7he poet wrote the poems now cgppearing in book-form, in the moments when 
the muse came "to call"* Then he segregated himself from the material world and 
wrote poems of lore of nature and of the working-class, life and struggle* 

Bepresentatires of labor and cultural circles will speak at this banijaet* 



II B 1 e 



J5rvisii 



Daily Fonvard , Feb. 23, 1922. . /c"^ "^^ 







cincAao's jkatish artists in yototg Chicago W. o 



This is the first time that Jev/ish artists are contemplating a Jev/ish 
album. It is being published by the Chicago Jev/ish poets. This poetry 
album, Young Chicago , which is being printed now, will be ready for 
distribution Sunday, I^rch 5, and is approved of by the following 
artists: H. Zigerman, A. Protnov, and M. Schwartz. 

Negotiations are being carried on with other local Jev;ish artists who 
wish to contribute to this project. 

All those who wish to participate in the album of Jewish poetry, may 
apply at Young Chicago, 1224 S. Albany Avenue. 

Every poet who is interested in the book, will be furnished with enough 
space in which to show his talent. 



:II B 



1 e 



J^i^XSPi 



Daily Fonmrd , Feb. 23, 1922. 




The follov;inr: poets are the r.iain participaiits in this nev; undertaking^ 
L. Gorelich, B. Ck)ldhart, LI. Deits, Bessie ?Iersfield, l.i-tes L. A. 
!^sedin, and Isaac Honts. 



II B'l e 



JMISH 



-^ 



Dally Jewish Coiirler^ Sept* 15, 1921* 

WRITINO SSSAIS 

The essay, as a form of literary writing, Is not yery old* It Is a product 
of the Renaissance. The first great essayist In Europe was Montaigne, the 
great French writer of the sixteenth century* Montaigne had a Jewish 
mother, and his writings betray a great deal of his Jewish origin* In ^ 
England it was Lord Bacon, the founder of modern philosophy, who Introduced ^ 
the essay as a new literary form* Both men, Bacon and Montaigne, recognized C 
clearly that the scholarly treatise was too heavy for the average reader, ^ 
and that the ascendancy of the middle class required a form of literary 2 
writing to be satisfactory to representatives of this class* The scholarly 
treatise, with its heavy load of quotations and its erudition, was only 
good for the professional scholar; religious books, folklore, and light 
poetry were better for the lower classes, and the essay for the middle class* 
The development of the essay as a form of literary writing is as old as the 
middle class* 



CO 

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cr» 



-D 



- 2 - JMI3H 

Dally Jewish Courier^ Sept« 15, 1921. 

It can thus be seen that the essay, ?dille It may express philosophical Ideas 
and fomulate deep problems. Is not meant to be a scholarly treatise for 
scholars only* It Is meant to be an attempt to commune Intellectually with 
nonprofessional Intellectuals, and the rich essay literature of the last 
couple of hundred years proTes best that the attempt was successful* By today 
the essay has acquired full citizenship rights In the realm of literature* 
Able and great essayists are as rare as able and great philosophers* An ^ 
essayist must combine the qualities of a thinker and those of a poet* An 
essayist must not only be a fluent writer, but he must be a thinker as well* 
The essay In short Is a piece of popular, graceful, and philosophic writing* 
If the essay does not make smDoth and pleasing reading, It Is not an essay 
but a treatise* The essay must not be loaded with quotations, with erudition, 
and citations* While It Is permissible to repeat what others have said re- 
garding a certain subject, it is not permissible to quote too much or to 
argue with others while writing an essay* The essayist must esqpress his own 
thoughts on a certain subject, and express them in a pleasant and graceful 
form* The place of the essay in philosophical writing may be compared to the 



o 



CZ5 



- 3 - JBIfflSH 

Dally JqrtLsh Coiirler^ Sept* 15, 1921 • 

place of the short story In f iotlon« It is an entity in itself, but still an 
essay is an attempt, an etude, and like the short story it must be brief, to 
the point, and still fascinating* 

Of course essay writing has its own technique* One mast never start an essay ^ 

with a quotation, and not even with a proverb* In the first sentence of the ^ 

essay one most express its main thought, cuid it must be brief and striking* f 

It does not matter if the first brief and striking sentence reads like a <Z 

paradox* An essay writer may be paradoxical, at least in form* The first ^ 

sentence or paragraph of an essay may determine its worth and fate* An S 
essay badly begun will not catch the reader's interest, and will not be ac* 
cepted by the reading public* The beginning must be strozig and striking, and 
the essay writer must be careful with the first few sentences of his work* 

The founder of the essay as a form of literary writing was a half Jew, and 

to the present day the Jew has proven to be a master essayist* His temperament ^ 

his witticism, and his striking way of expressing things qualify him for essay 



« 



. 4 - jEmriSH 

Daily Jewish Courier^. Sept. 15, 1921# 

writing* Uax Nbrdau, the famous Zionist leader, is probably the greatest 
essay writer living, and Maxmilian Harden, the greatest German journalist 
living, is also one of the great essayists of his time* 

All those of our readers who are anxious to try their luck as essay writers 
will do well to read Uax Nordau and Maxmilian Harden, and, of course, the 
great French and Kngliah essay writers of today* 






'JO 
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II B 1 e 



JEVnSH 



II B 2 d (1) 

Daily Jewish Courier . Sept. 14, 1921. 

OUR LITERAHT COIITEST . 

m 

The literary contest inaugurated by the English department of the Daily 
Jewish Courier is in full swing. Those who are ready and willing to 
participate in the contest will certainly be interested in the list of 
subjects for essays and short stories published in today *s Courier ^ o 

Ambitious young men and women, with scholarly or literary inclinations ^ 
will do their best to say it in an original, striking manner. ^ 



A good essay does not consist of an enumeration of ideas and thoughts, but 
it consists of style, plus ideas. The contents of an essay, of course, are 
very important, but the style, the composition, how one expresses a certain 
thought or a certain idea, is as of much importance as the contents. Good 
style is first of all directness, then immediacy of expression and clear- 
ness of thought. 

The list of subjects for the essays published in today's Courier are so 



o 



CP 



II B 1 e - 2 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (1) 

Daily Jewish Courier , Sept. 14, 1921. 

varied that they may appeal to, and inspire, young men and young women 

of different temperaments, and of different interests in life. We Jews :^ 

are not only an individualistic people, but also an individualized i)eople, 5^ 

and only the Jew Heinrich Heine could say that every grave is a world's ^^ 

history of its own. Every Jew or Jewess has his or her own specific ^ 

literary interest, has his or her own literary and artistic inclinations. qg 

It is with this thought in mind that we have deemed it advisable to widen S:: 

the scope of our literary contest , by giving wide variety to the list of co 
subjects. 



The same holds good of the list of subjects for fiction and poetry. They 
are apt to kindle the fantasy of young men and young women of different 
t emp erament s . 

To those who are ready to participate in the contest, we wish to say: Don't 
go out of your way while writing an essay or a short story. Use simple lan- 
guage, emd be sure that the premises are right, that your starting point 






en 



II B 1 e - 3 - JmiSE 

II B 2 d (1) 

Dally Jewish Courier , Sept. 14, 1921. 

is logical, and that the conclusions at which you arrive tally with your 

starting point. The essays should not be of a technical nature and should ^ 

not be scholarly in character. They should not consist of a compilation S 

of extracts from books or from encyclopedias, but of a composition of the <^ 

personal thou£;hts of the author, on the respective subjects. Therein lies £7 

the literary and educational value of an essay. The essays are not meant :2 

to be academic papers, but they are meant to be literaiy essays, thought- S 
ful and beautiful at the same time. 



To those who mean to try their expression in poetry, we have no advice to 
offer, for even the technique of poetry cannot be acquired. It is innate 
and inborn. But to those who mean to test their ability as short-story 
writers, we wish to point out that the short story is not a sketch, and 
that they should always be aware of the difference between a sketch and a 
short stoiy. A sketch may be a description of a person or of a situation, 
etc. A short story, however, is more than that. Just as it requires two 
to make a matrimonial match, so does it require two for the make-up of 



CO 
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II B 1 e - 4 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (1) 

Daily Jewish Courier , Sept. 14, 1921, 

a good short story. There must be some sort of a conflict described, and 
those who are involved in the conflict must be visible figures and not 
ghosts. In short, character portraying plus description of a conflict are 
the component parts of a short story. There is a certain short story tech- 
nique that can be acquired and developed, but as a rule, short story writers 
develop their own technique, and unless one has no literary experience at 
all and has not read very much either, it is not necessary to offer him or 
her advice regarding the technique of short-story writing. 



-o 



o 



We urge all Jewish young men and young women with literary ambitions and i"^ 
ability to participate in this contest, because it may prove to be a good ^i 
starting point in their literary careers, and it may give them encourage- 
ment to concentrate on their literary work and to enter the literary pro- 
fession. V/e can assure the contestants that the opinion or the verdict 
of the Judges will be absolutely impartial, and that all the participants 
in the contest will have an equal opportunity to get both prizes and 



II B 1 e - 5 - JSmSE 

II B 2 d (1) 

Daily Jewish Courier , Sept, 14, 1921. 

credit for their work, and to embark eventually upon a literary career in 
life. 






o 

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II B 1 e JffinSH 

II B 2 d (1) 

Sunday Jewish Co\xrieg> Sept# 4, 1921 • 

TO CREAT3 NEW LITERARy FORCES 

The Courier will soon begin a literary contest for the best treatises, 
articles, essays, short stories and poems about Jewish matters, Jewish 
probloras, and Jewish types auid motives* ^ 

The literary contest of the Courier has only one big purpose: to rouse i:^. 

the Jewish literary forces in Chicago, to give th^n an opportunity of p 

self -development , to waken in them literary and artistic ambitions, and ^ 

to give them the opportimity to begin their literary career. o 

CO 

In Jewish Chicago there are certainly many latent literary and artistic ;g 
forces. They do not reveal themselves and are lost, because they haven* t 5^ 
had the opportunity to appear in public. The Co\xrler wishes to give them 
this opportunity, to gain a literary technique and a literary experience. 



II B 1 e - 2 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (1) 

Sunday Jewish Couriei'. Sept. 4, 1921. 

t 

The Courier strives to become the literary and artistic center in awakening 
the literary forces, and to encourage them farther to work and develop their 
talent • 

The Courier, in its striving to aifaken the dormant literary forces in Jewish 

Chicago, pursues the great traditions of the Jewish press, which has always :| 

been the school of all our great writers and poets. Israel Zangwill began ** 

his brilliant oareier as a co-^-irorker of the Jewish Chronicle of London. The ^ 

great Nahum Sokolow began his ivriting career as a co-worker of the Hatzfiroh C" 

etc. ^ 

o 

The Jewish press has constantly arousel, reared, and constructed great ^ 
literary forces, and the Courier wishes to emulate these splendid traditions C3 
of the Jewish press throughout the world, and help to awaken the Jewish 
literary forces in Chicago. 



II B 1 e - 3 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (1) 

Sunday Jewish Courier > Sept* 4, 1921* 

The enterprise i3 inextricably bound with a lot of money and much work, 
yet the Courier will spare no money nor work in its undertaking of this 
new feature, in summoning the young Jewish literary and artistic forces 
of Jewish Chicago • 

In a few days we will publish three lists in connection with this literary 
contest ♦ One list of themes for essays and articles. A second list for 
literary connoisseiirs, \fho are to render their decisions over the literary 
contributioas and a third list for prizes. 

The Courier will soon make known all the details of the contest; to whom 
the contributions should be sent; hov; they should be signed in order that 

the literary judge should be absolutely impartial; how large the sums of 

money will be for the first, second, and third prizes. Other contributions 

ifill receive mention in accordance with the judges* decision. 



o 



II B 1 • 
II B 2 d (1} 



JSWISH 



'^^'PA (ILL.) PROJ 3027^ 
Daily Jewish Gourier ^ Aug. 29, 1921 • ^^^.^uz/v 

THE PRESS AS A MBDIUU OF LITERARY EDUCATION. 

(Sditorial) 

The history of modern Hebrew and Yiddish literature is also the history 
of modem Hebrew and Yiddish journalism. All our great writers of the 
present day started their cGureers as journalists • Even the great Anglo* 
Jewish writers, who have won world-wide reputations and fame, like Israel 
Zangwill, Lucien Wolf, and from among the younger generationt Leon 
Simon and Harry Saeher, started their brilliant careers as contributors 
to the London Jewieh Chronic le> The greatest Hebrew writer living, who 
is at the same time our greatest diplomat, Mr. Machum Sokolow, started 



A 



II B 1 • - 2 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (1) 



Daily Jewish CoarlT, Aug* 29f 1921 



l^PA (ILL.) PROJ. 3Q275 



his career ae a journalist and as a contributor to the Hebrew dailyt 
Hazfirah» Even our great contemporary poets have started as contributors 
to the newspapers* Our press has proved to be the greatest literary 
educational agency* It has called into being and it has trained all 
our literary forces* 

The city of Chicago^ with its Jewish population of 300»000t is a great 
philanthropic center and also a great i^ionist center^ but it is not a 
Jewish literary center* There are but a few Jewish writers or poets* 
But stilly among 300yOOO Jews there must be scores of men and women 
with literary ability and inclinations* We have reason to believe that 
thex^e is much dormant literary and artistic Jewish talent in Chicago^ 
and all that is needed to bring these talents to the fore and to make 
them productive is to give them an opportunity to acquire a literary 
technique^ and to awaken their literary axribitions* We suppose that 



II B 1 6 - 3 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (1) 

WPA(iLL)PROJ.3C275 
Dally Jewish Courier ^ Aug* 29f 1921* 

there le any amoiint of dormant Jewish talent among the younger generation* 
There must be young men and women in our midst who^ acquiring a literary 
technique 9 would enrich our literature and prove to be a great spiritual 
asset in our community* 

Presuming that there are yast literary potentialities in Jewish Chicago^ 
we haye decided to do all we cem to turn them into actualities, and to 
this endf the Daily Jewish Courier will inaugurate an extensive literary 
contest 9 with a certain number of prizes, so that all those with 
literary ability may have an opportunity to start a literary career • 
American Jewry has but few publicists of repute, and only a few novelists* 
Most of our literary forces in this country are imported from the other 
side* It is time that we produced our literary forces right here on the 
spotf and that we be no longer dependent on gifts from European Jewry* 



6 - 4 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (1) 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 302/6 
Dally Jewish Courier ^ Aug* 29f 1921* 

All our vrltars and poets vho come here from the other side, able 
though they are^ cannot possibly exercise a vast influence on the 
Americanised Jews^ because they are still thinking in European terms^ 
We ought to have iUnerican Jewish writers^ American Jewish novelists^ and 
American Jewish poetsy that is to say^ Jewish artists who are products of 
American ciTilisation and American Jewish lifoy and who are connected 
with American Jewish life* The activities of such artists would enrich 
our life amd would give it beautiful tone and color* We are anxious to 
see such forces fltrise* iVe cure anxious to see American Jewry enriched 
spiritually and artistically^ and we mean to do all we can to bring out 
these forces* 

The literary contest to bs inaugurated by the Courier this week^ will 
give eyery Jewish young man and woman in Chicago an opportunity to 
test his or her literary ability, and to acquire training**** 



n B 1 e - 5 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (1) 



Daily J«wleh Courier , Aug. 29f 1921. 



m (ILL) PRO,, JQ2-.5 



Tithin a few days we will publish a list of subjects and themes, to- 
gether with the prizes fixed for the best essays, the best short stories 
and the best poems, to be published in the Courier ^ and we hope that those 
who have any literary ability will use this opportunity and will make an 
attempt to show what they can do in the literary f ield» The editor of 
the Courier does not underteike to be the sole Judge of the literary and 
artistic contributions to be sent to him for publication^ The contribution 
will be eiBmined also by competent literary judges, and their verdict 
will be accepted by the editor of this paper • The winning of a literary 
prize may prove to be a good starting point for able young men and women 
in the community, and may awaken their asibition to continue their 
literary activities and to make literature their sole profession in life* 
Within a few days we will publish particulars about this contest • 



II B 1 e 
I £ 



Jewi sh 



WPA (ILL,) PRQi 302}^ 



Forward. June IQ, I92I. 



"Our Corner," 



The first childrens journal, edited only ty children in Chicago, and put- 
lishei by the Children's Clubs of the Douglas Park Workmen Circle, is 
ready for circulation. 

The Journal is composed of songs, stories, articles, and etc., 

32 pages. Price 25(^ per copy. 



!->'-*-• -V 



fl. ,;rii - (. ■- 



II B 1 e 
I D 2 a (3) 



forward Jiine 6, 1921 



flswisq 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



The amalgamated Xdaoatlonal department desenres mach oredit in publishing literature « 

In book form, for the memberst Before us lie four pamphlets published by the 

Amalgamated Clothing Workers* The pamphlets are: 

1* The Development of the Clothing Workers 10# 

2« Problems for Workers Organizations lOff 

Latest Deyelopments in Trade Unionism lOff 

The open Shop (questions & answers) 3^ 



I 



The first two pamphlets were written by Joseph Schlossberg, general secretary 
of the imalgamated* The third i>afflphlet was written by George Sault a noted 
writer of trade unionism. The fourth pamphlet was written by Paul Blanchard* 
Zach of the four pasiphlets, discuss separate phases of the labor movement, ^ey 
are on sale at the office of the Amalgamated. 






II B 1 e Janai 

III A 

JV Dally Jewish Courier , Sept. 1, 1919. 

THE ETERNAL EnI JEVISH LITSR.^iTUR3 

by 

Dr. S, M. Melamed 

Even during the Biblical period, Jevjish literature differed from all other 
national literatures. It is the only one which did not develop in any 
particular country and does not bear the stamp of a specific locality. It 
has neither a local character, nor a local color. 

True, there are many scholars who assert that Jev;s have many literatures but 
no national literature, because a national literature can develop only in a 
specific territory, under a specific type of political organization, with 
specific national traditions. Those scholars claim that a nation can produce 
a large number of authors and poets and yet not produce a national literature. 
Superficially, it would seem that those scholars v/ere correct; but when we 
take into consideration the psychological effect of Jewish literature since 
the Jews have beccme a nomadic people, we are then justified in doubting the 






} 



II B 1 e - 2 - J3WISH 

III A 

17 Daily Jev:ish Courier, Sept. 1, 1919. 

truth of those scholars' claims* Although Jev/ish literature has undergone 

various radical changes, a chan^3e in language being one of them, and although 
it is not as stable as the Jews have been in their instability — they have been 
compelled to wander from place to place — nevertheless, it has been successful 
in maintaining certain high standards of a special character which would permit 
one to call it a national literature. 

Every Jev:ish document has its /special/ Jewish character even though it does 
not reflect a particular locality. The Hebrew- Italian school of the eight- 
eenth century ist in many respects, similar to the Hebrew-Spanish school of 
the Middle Ages* And the Hebrew-Russian school of the present day is not 
only similar to the Hebrew school of the twelfth and eighteenth centuries, 
but is even very similar to the Biblical period* The work of Bialik alone 
is an illustration of how close we are to the spirit of the Biblical period* 

This similarity of the Jewish literature of various periods is true with 
regeipd to poetry* When we consider prose writing, however, then we see the 



•}j 



J 
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II B 1 e - 3 - Jir^ISH 

III A 
17 Daily Jewish Courier ^ Sept. 1, 1919* 

effects of Jewish wandering. The Jewish literature of the Alexandrian period 
is hardly similar to the Jewish literature of Babylon, and the Jewish litera- 
ture created in Europe differs entirely from that created in Central Asia and 
Africa^ In other words, during the period when Jewish specilative thought 
was fortunate enough to retain its highly original character, Jewish litera- 
ture compelled certain JJevilah/ groups to assimilate themselves into the Jewish 
told/. So long as the Hebrew language was used for the expression of the Jewish 
literary spirit, the wandering from one coimtry to another affected the litera- 
ture only in so far as it became more picturesque and more interesting. It 
did not, however, affect its content. Very often the new environment was not 
noticeable at all in the literature. This is only natural, because the Hebrew I2 
language, as it has developed, contains a certain philosophy of life. The fate 
of the Jews for many centuries, more or less similar in every country, has 
contributed to the psychological effect of Hebrew literary thought. This is 
particularly noticeable in the Hebrew elegy. When an individual reads Bialik^s 
♦*Songs of W37ath,*^ his thoughts immediately turn to poems written many centuries 
ago* 



J 



II B 1 e - 4 - J3WISH 

III A 

IV Daily Jev/ish Courier , Sept. 1, 1919« 

But since the Jev;s entered the modem world and accepted non-Jewish languages 
as the medium of Jewish thought, the effects of the wanderings began to be 
felt in Jewish literature in an unpleasant way» The unpleasantness consists 
not in the fact that many languages are being used, which makes Jewish litera- 
ture so colorful, but in the fact that a variation in thought and opinion is 
revealed. The work of Jewish authors in various European languages, who deal 
only with special Jev/ish problems, cannot be considered as a part of Jewish 
literature and cannot be considered as Jev/ish national treasures, because 
there are to be found non-Jev/ish elements in their work which impress their 
stamp upon it. Quite often it is very difficult to distinguish between the 
Jewish and non-Jewish in these works. Everyone who is acquainted with the 
theological development of Judaism for the past hundred years knows how 
Jewish theology in the V/est has gradually lost its original Jewish concept 
and has become closer to the Christian concept. No less a theologian than 
Schleiermacher characterized the so-called modem Judaism as very close to 
modem Christianity. V/e must understand that it is not modern Christianity 
that has come closer to Judaism, but Judaism that has come closer to 
Christianity. 



.^' 






II B 1 9 - 5 - Jin^SH 

III A 

IV Daily Jewish Courier , Sept, 1, 1919. 

It would naturally be historically fallacious to assume that the non-Jewish 

element has stealthily crept into Jewish literature only in the past one 

hundred years • On the contrary, it is a well-established fact that since 

Jews began to use foreign languages many non-Jewish elements have crept into 

their work. This was the case with Philo, as well as with maimonides in 

his Guide to the Perplexed . ^ 

Isn't it remarkable that all the synthesists between Judaism and an alien r. 
world perspective have written their philosophical works either in Greek, P 
Arabian, or another modern language, whereas all Jewish philosophers who ^ 
wrote in Hebrew did not seek to be synthesists at all? Philo, who wrote in 
Greek, wanted to be the synthesist between Plato and Judaism. Maimonides who 
wrote his Guide in Arabian wanted to become the synthesist between Aristotle 
and Judaism. Naturally, there are exceptions. Nachman Krochraal was a true 
Hegelian and he wrote his Guide to the Perplexed of Our Time in Hebrew. But 
such an exception only proves the rule. Most of our philosophers who wrote 
in Hebrew have developed a Hebrew philosophy, more or less, and have con- 
tributed to the development of Jewish thought, which finds its true expression 



r- 1 



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II B 1 e - 6 - JSTISK 

III A 

IV Dally Jewish Courier ^ Sept* 1, 1919. 

in the Bible, the Talmud, and the Agadah. 

Thus, everything we have stated can serve as proof that the psychological 

effect of Jev/ish literary thought and the true development of the Jewish 

concept in general can only be preserved through the use of Hebrew. Hebrew 

is for the Jew and for the literature of the Jev/ish people more than an -^ 

ordinary language. Hebrew contains the many different elements which are ^ 

necessary for the healthy development of a national literature. V/e do not 

have a country, a political organization, local traditions, etc. However, as 

long as Hebrew is the language medium of Jewish literature, it will have a -3 

national character and will deserve to be called a national literature, _If, '- 

howeveri Jewish thought is not expressed in Hebrew, then Jev/ish /literary/ 

creations cannot possibly belong entirely to us and cannot be our national 

property. It will belong to others as well as to ourselves, and perhaps more 

to others than to us. 

This is where the importance of the Hebrew language lies for the development 
of Judaism and Jewish thought. 



» — 

r"-' 



II B le 

III B 3 b 
17 



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JEV:iSH 



Daily Courier > ,.pr. 10, 191^, 

sullen unci disillusioned, until at lust he took the Bible and found the 
passage ^'Eli, Illi, Lc:;io Azavtoni?" (Oh, God, :irj God, v.hv hast thcu 
for sal-: en nel ) 

Fron these beautiful v.ords I.h?. Sandler created hi^ \.Grla-fax.ious song. 

The first to sin.j it v;as Vxz. Karp, v;ho had a ^reat success. The song^ 
published '..ithout the avithorc^c naj;ie passed fron mouth to :;iouth and 
became popular a:;ionr; both Jews and non-Jev;s as a folk song. 

Years later "^li, Eli" beca-r.e popular in the lausic v.orld, and strange 
as it seex..s, Lh?. Sandler, the author, v;as una;/are of this fact. 

He retired frcLi the iiiusic world entirely tc live with his fairdly in the 
Bronx, where he establislied hinself as a clothing salesman, and only 
during the High Holidays he used to conduct choirs in the synagogues. 
As the years passed by, he was totally for:-otten as a Jewish song-wTiter 

Cne evening his daughter, cor.iin;; hone fron an operatic concert in the 
Metropolitan Theatre, related to her father how Sophie 3i*aslow had de- 



1' ■•^;''} 



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J^V-ISH 



D aily GGurior ^ rvpr. 10, 1919, 



Ij?. Jacob Ivoppel Sandler, altiiou *h a clothinj salesman and ofr-tij.ie cl'ioir 
leader "urin^j the hclidava, deserves reeo.^^'nition as the author oi this 
i.:ji.iortLl son-;. 



II B 1 e 

II 3 2 d (;3) 

III A Daily Joivisli Courier , June li3, 1918. 

A a^X TO KLiBR. ja^JlXY Ala) .:;J'I0IL'JI;Y'- 



jii/asH 









At this tine, v/lien the Jewish people /as a v/noleT" ^^^e living through a period 
of terrible destruction on the one hand, and iiational av;al:enin;; and great hope 
on the othar — v;e find that Hebrew literature in iimerica has entered UDon an 
era or revival and nev; fruitful activity. Upon tli.- ruins of the Hebrew lit- 
erature of Europe and Palestine, which has been restricted during the last 
four years by the terrible war, tiiere has gradually begun to take shape in 
America the structure of the Hebrew language /s'icT'. 

During the past three or four years, we havo seen before us a phenomenon which 
has no equal in the .;hole history; of ^iinerican Judaism. In the last three or 
four years we have seen , developing before our eyes, Hebrew magazines and nevjs- 
papers .v:iich have ^^ined a iiireat nuraber of readers, fhe Aaerican Hebraists, 
scattered in all corners of the land, had felt, until the last couple of years, 
lonely and forsaken, without any spiritual canters for their nental life, ilow 




^ W.Pi. 






II B 1 e - 2 - JIII/TSII 

II B 2 d (3) 

III A Daily Jev/ish Courier , June 13, 1918. 
they are organized and enjoj'' a lively and prolific activity. 

During the past ferjj years there have already appeared several Hebrew enter- 
prises that have succeeded in publishing several books. Thus they have 
enriched the field of Hebrew literature which, because of the war, had become 
forsaken and desolate. 

This splendid and promising phenomenon that fills the heart of everi'- true 
Jewish nationalist with hope and pride, has also, however, its detrimental 
aspect, /md that is that the activity of most of our -juerican Hebraists is 
one-sided and is directed tov/ards one end, and that is towards beautiful lit- 
erature, belles-lettres, pootiy, etc. The reaLn of Jewish knowledge, of the 
"Wisdom of Israel" has to date baen neglected. The portals tliat should have 
been opened to us, portals leading to the great treasures of creative Jewish 
genius, have hitherto remained closed. Many /wo rl^ of the Jewish spiritual 
nobility, wnich have lit the long road from the Diaspora with their aura, 




II B 1 e - 3 - JICV/ISII 

II B 2 d (3) 

III A Daily Jewish Courier^ June 13, 1918 • 

and are the foundation upon v/hich Judaism exists, lie to this day scattered 
in dark dusty comers of libraries. 

.'jid because of this isolation /of Jev;ish spiritual lor^ there arose a danger 
that Jewish thought would become impoTerished, that its clear spring, v;hich 
had not ceased to flav during the whole period of the Diaspora, would, Grod 
forbid, dry up. In order to avert this c^eat danger, the organization 
"Ashkoloth** ;vas founded. 

The Ashkoloth Society assumed the task of issuing a whole series of important 
books in the field of the Jisdom of Israel. The /iShkoloth Society has assumed 
the task of creating in ^k.ierica a great spiritual center of Jewish thought. 
This society believes that just as it is the duty of the three million Ameri- 
can Jews to preserve the physical life of the hundreds of thousands of our 
suffering and starving brothers and sisters abroad, so also is it their sacred 




II B 1 e - 4 - J3;;':iSH 

II 3 2 d (3) 

III A Daily Jev/ish Courier , June 13, 1918. 

duty to strengthen then spiritually. And this can bost be done by founding 
a large publishing house that can feed the Jev/ish spirit with the best crea- 
tions of our great men in ^he reaLu oj^ Hebrew spirit and thought. 

The .Ishkoloth Societ^r has been incorporated under the laws of the State of 
Nov; York. A-aong its founders are renovmed Hebraists and Jewish intellectuals 
who have placed it on a sound basis and a strong foundation. It appeals to 
all Hebraists in Araerica to assist in this g^eat pemanent national v;ork that 
this society has undertaken. 

Hebraists of i\merical Help erect the structure of the Hebrev; culture. 

Hebraists of Anerical Buy shares of the .\shkoloth Society, become subscribers 
to the books v/hich the /islilcoloth will publish. And thus help establish and 
strengthen a new center in America for the Hebrew language. 

r7ith respect and friendly greetings /^^ ^ 

" m. ' 



11 B 1 e 



II B 2 

III A 



d (3) 



- 5 - 



Daily Jewish Courier , Juno 13, 1918 



jjv/isri . 



ASiikoloth Society, 
159 ^st Broadv;ay, 
Neiv York City. 




II 3 1 e 
II B 2 g 
I D 2 a (2) 



JE.JSH 



^^/^ Oil) PRO J. 3027'^ 
Daily Jewish Courier , Apr* 23, 1917 • 



DAVID PIN3KY ilSC^IVSS H2aRTFELT GREETINGa# 

Last evening more theoi 1,200 people filled the assembly hall of the 
Hebrew Institute and with enthusiasm greeted the noted Jewish writer 
suid dramatist, David Pinsky, now in Chicago for the first time* 

It was a thrilling moment v/hen i^insky was introduced, at the close of 
the evening, arranged by the Dramatic Literary Society, when from all 
sides roses were tossed on the platform. It was one of the most spectacular 
welcomes ever given to a Jewish writer by the Chicago intelligentsia* 

In addition to a colorful musical program, Dr. Israel Larcus, chairman 
of the evening, introduced the followint^ speakers, who greeted the 
honored guest in behalr' of their organizations: 



II B 1 e - 2 - JEIVISH 

iVa^^a) ''''"^ ^'"-^ ^^'^' ^^^^''^ 

Daily Jewish Courier t Apr. 23, 1917 • 

L* Areshke.^ of the Dramatic Society, attorney oulius oovitsky, J. Duo^ 
secretary of the Literary Club; Dr. Hyman Gohen, D, Aberson, K. Sneid, 
and many others. This reception of .r. i^insky was remarkable in that it 
showed how interested v/e are in Jewish literature. Mr. Pinsky emphasized 
this in a brief talk before reading his one-act **3eth Shevah." 

David Finsky will address the meeting of L.ocal 197 of the Amagamated 
tomorrow evening at 409 3. Halsted St. The tailors will surely not fail 
to attend this lecture by their beloved friend. 

Finsky will address the .national Labor Alliance 7/ednesday evening in the 
Hebrew Institute. 



WPA(|!M.=ROj.302Z 



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II 3 1 e JT'I-I 

II B 2 d (1) 

III Z Dail3^ Jev;ish Gourl9- > 7eb. 2, 1914. 
II .^ 1 

th: jt;isii iiT'PATirR^ .jhd fr-^'^s 

;.t one time the effective literature originated vritr. the classica . drana or 
vjith the great lyrical poem. That time lias lonr: since Tiassed. Today, as v:e 
become riore ''dev:lop3d" and .acre ''educated/' such literature does not b3P::in 
vath the ')oem. 3ut ith the ne-.vsTjaper advertisements. Today, the press 
dominates the literary field and the icst import int part of t'le press is 
devoted to the interests of th-^ ^mblishers ana the nublic, not the half- 
literary text, but the 'unliter .ry advertisements.'- VJith this ''developmenf 
we, v/ho c-^^.vote our lives to literature, cannot rejoice, ^io':ever, -re can not 
escape it. A newspaper that has :nany advertisements can also, if it wishes, 
publish good literary contributions. If it hasn*t enough advertisements it 
cannot even ublish half-literary articles. .liat I mean to say is that the 
literature, as it is afflicted at present, is entirely dependent on economic 
factors. The times no longor exist when a litterateur devotes his entire 
life to one literary piece; when the p ot sacrifices himself for his muse- 
today, the v.Titer and ^joet also v;ant to live better. They can only live 




II 3 1 e 
II B 2 d 
III 

II a 



- 9 _ 



(1) 



. vi^or 



—J 



Daily Jewish Courier . 7eb. 2, 1914 • 



by their literary efforts, provided the press publislies their literary vj-ork • 
and pa^'^s then v/ell for it. Today one can not ehe out a livelihood from 
books alone — only the few r^^eat dranatists and novelists can live off their 
books. Today the press itself .lust be the nediur.i betvreen the creative v/riter 
and the -ublic. If the press is pov/arful econonically, the literature of the 
people can develop normally, nailing it possible for the ;7riters to thrive and 
\7ork. Ho'-ever, if the press is financially belov; the mark, as for instance 
a.iong us Jews, urt is erposed to ber;G:^ry and the literature develops only 
through ..liracles. 




I need not mention that nearly tv.-enty-fivG of the literary productions in 
modern Hebraic and Yiddish literature, v:ere fir.it made knovm throua;h the 
press. Bialik and Feretz, Chernichovrslcy and HoseiXield, Sholom Aleichem and 
ivlendele, Jacob Cohen and ochneur, at fir^'u published their finest v;orks in 
newspapers and journals. These men have no profession other than in the literary 
field, and must live by their v/ritings. 



If the multitude of Jewish and Hebrev/ writers are paupers, t-ie only r.^ason for 



II B 1 e - :3 - J^ 'I^n 

II 2 2 d (1) 

III :: Daily Jevrisli Courier , Feb. 2, 1314. 

II A 1 

it lies in the iijipoverished conditio: of the Jcv;ish and ^ebrev; press. The 
Jewish nev/spapers have fev: advertisers because there is neith r Jov.-ish trade 
nor Je-.:ish industry. The cnly :"ev:ish business fron v;hich the Je?jish, and 
especially the Hebrev; press orofits a little, is the business of the biblical 
lite_-ature, and particularly sacred objects, as phi^acteries, prayer sliav/ls, 
door-post schedules, (parchment schedule v/ith inscrir^tions fro:-i the l;ible, 
attached to door-^osts), or by doubtful doctors for still more aoub^.u*.ll 
ai.'ients. 

Althcur^, there io no Jev:ish national trade or industry to support the Je-'ish 
and :iebrew press, there could still be a fr-..^raentary poi?er havin,^ more influence 
on Jev/ish life if -ublishers v;ould be .lorj practical. The Jevish or -lebrew 
journalist is alnost likened to the Jewish Reverend. He has becoiiie a journalist, 
not because he is qualified or because he possesses the required political and 
social bac^iground, but because he could becone nothing else, hence, our pre; 
is not taken s:riou-ily hy the ^mblic. 




II 3 


I 


e 




II 3 

III : 
II A 


ii 

1 


d 


(1) 



- 4 - J~c-:i3ii 



Daily ^ev;ish Courier , Fob. Tj, 1914. 



VJhat is the ^^ Hatchei yah'^? 

It is a I'ev; Tori: IZebrev; nev;spaper founueu by a Jev^ fron ./arsaw, Poland, rho 
cane to ile;v York, and v;ith no conception of the livings conditions in -\morica, 
esta:lished, on the da:' foll:v;ing his arrival, this joxirnal. It features 
neither advertise aonts nor articles — it onl; offers co:aplaints to the Jev.lsh 
public. I could furnish lore e::a..i les of siiailar publications. 

•ilven the lar^^e Ileorev/ publication.^, that have sone influence on literature -^.nd 
Jev;ish life, display illiteracy, sophistry, and "political i-jicrance, The . 
reportorial v/ork is poor, the so called li^.ht they shed is often too din to be 
seen, tae infori.iation on Je'.;ish life is inaccurate, and tho feuilleton is as 
poor as a K3Tsy. 

To the youth, the Hebrev/ nev/spaper ir; a playt::in"', to the elders a luxury. 
The Je'.vish young nan, having a rxov:le.\qe of Ilebr ?;, considers it his cuty to 
contribute to the nev;s:)aDer so that hii:. name can be seen in headlines. 3ut 




II 3 1 e - 5 - JT;I5H 

II B 2 d (1) 

III .Z Daily Jev:lsh Courier , ?eb. 2, 1914. 

II .:. 1 

• 

one mi.-:ht have a thorough . novrlecge of riebrev/, and yet have no literary'' 
ability. '..Tit in ^ at such a lov; de :ree is turned int. a footbal^. in the 'lands 
of so-;::Aists, I a . sorry to say that,v;ith but a fev; individual e?:ce-"tions, 
this \-^ritin.^ is only a ;olaything for naive una incorapotent ^-ounnsters arid 
uneducated grandfathers. Thus, the Jev;s do not realize the si-^nificance of 
a Jev:ish press, bee u-3e they lack the national Jevrish. res jcnsible senti:.:ent« 

If an English or jYench Jour.nalist laiev; an inDortant fact and believed that the 
^mblication of thi:^. fact 7;ould ham hij nation, lie .rould never ^aib.ish it, 
regardless of hov; DOor he ha ;T)oned to be, because lie is not onl^^ a journalist, 
but also a citizen possesoinp; politico-uatriotic, responsible sentirient. A 
Jev/ish journalist (of course tliere are a fev: exceptions) can not abstain 
from puhlishing such facts, even th:u.;:h he realizx'i the har:.iful consequences. 

I do not v:ant to accuse any inoividualo >)ec-:use I an not considerin'^ this 
fron a personal, but from a politico-historical point of viev7. 




II 3 1 e - 5 - TZ:J1SK 

II 3 2 d (1) 

III - ':aily Jev;ish Courier . Feb. 2, 1914. 
II A 1 

A people v/ho liave lived tv;o thou.ic.nc years v/ithout a country, th"reby, not 
living a national-political life, can not Iiave the sane :iin;hly developed social 
and political fe:^ponsible feelings as people livin^^ a noriiial political life. 

V/hat ±3 the ..loral of thii ai'ticle? That the Jevjish and Ilebrev/ press nust 
have at the apex, educated and cultured nen. The Jev/ish ^:.nc Hebrev; press 
cun acquire influence, not tlirough econonic factors, but throup:h the pergonal, 
intellectual, and laoral superiority of its i.aeMbers. 

The fat. of our literature depends upon our press, and the fate of our press 
depends u:;on its directors cind representatives, .jid so long as a portion of 
the directors of our press vrill be uneducnted raen, v/ithout fully developed 
res:ionsible sentiment, ana v;ithout literary ability, it 7;ill remain :7hat it 
is toda^T"; and fine Jevrish literature vrill continue to ask aLus. 




II B 1 e 

II B 2 d (3) 
I B 3 b 



Jffi'.lSH 



Daily Jewish Courier . Dec. 14, 1913, 

LITSRi^Y DISCUSSIONS 

Anyone interested in Jewish literature, having an iinderstanding of the 
profound value hidden in it or being impressed by its beauty end clear- 
ness, can see the approach of new stars on our literary heaven dispersing 
dense, dark clouds and illuminating Jewish life, now depicted by the pens 
of these new authors in a way that we can understand, discern, and admire^ 
The artist sees life in more detail than the average person, for to him, 
more so than to others, is revealed the general combination of its 
separate phenomena. Each particular venture of a person is buo a part 
of the whole; one link in the chain. To the artist an individual's deeds 
are due to environment, which influences his actions. l.Vhen his deeds are 
presented to us, embodied in his work, we can understand and re-live all 
his past life as an actuality. 

But this is only possible in fiction, where the writer creates his own 
types and controls at will the characteristics and surroundings of his 
characters. 



. \ 




New fiction in Jevdsh literature is of importance to us, for it indicates 



II B 1 e - 2 - JEVJISH 

II B 2 d (3) 

I B 3 b Daily Jewish Courier , Dec. 14, 1913. 



/ -< 



X 



a new era in Jev/ish literature, v;ith new interests and new inspirations, ■- V J^ 
The two best novels to appear lately are, according to my choice, Ixlarie , -^ '<> 
by Sholom Ash, and After All , by David Bergelson* 

Sholom Ash not only possesses color, unity, and glamour to picture **a village," 
but the power to analyze a whole epoch of Jewish Russian life in the 
Revolutionary days of 1905. With beauty and forcefulness he brings forth 
in his novel the joys and sorrows of that time; the sublime, self-sacrificing 
types, and the enslaved Jewish spirit, the heritage of an exiled people. 
But Mr. Ash has painted these types and characters too lightly, even if he 
has adorned them with strong, poetic wholeheartiness. One feels frequently, 
when reading the novel, that something is lacking. In spite of the fact 
that we become acquainted v;ith the whole existence of his main character, 
"Marie," yet he fails to explain who she is, so that we cannot enter or 
become a part of her soul. 

The novel by David Bergelson, who deals with a much more complicated type, 
is so psychologically deep, has so strongly penetrated the soul of the 
small tovjn "Mirel," that we are forced to live again each step of her 

innocent adventures. 






-! 



• - / 



II B 1 e - 3 - JEV/ISH 

II B 2 d (5) 

I B 3 b Daily Jewish Courier > Dec. 14, 1913. 

The novels of Ash and Bergelson display their romanticism in descriptions 

of the passing of our aristocracy, the fall of our nobility. ^Ve Jews 

have no princes or lords, but we do have an aristocracy of illustrious V 

nobility. i\nd just as the present capitalistic v;orld broke throup,h -/^ 

the fetters of world feudalism, so, in proportion, has the rich in the 

Je\7ish small towns of Russia commenced to destroy Jewish lineage. \ 

Social heights were being attained by the illiterate, newly rich, whose 

only claim to any pedigree is money, and who ridicule the true Jewish 

aristocrats. 

We also have here another problem. The children, learning a strange 
culture (Russian), seeing the movement of an awakening v;orld, become 
in the course of events estranged from their parents. They view the 
depth of their elderft' genealogical pride, which is instilled in their 
own hearts, influencing their every actions, for they were reared in 
this atmosphere. But in a corner of their souls, they 'long for that 
world where there is a greater and unlimited happiness. 

This develops a twofold personality in '*Mirel," which Bergelson pictures 



II B 1 9 - 4 - Jijr/;isH 

II B 2 d (3) 

I B 3 b Daily Jewish Courier . Dec. 14, 1913* /< '\ 



and clothes in the richness of his imagination. He brings before us 
the constant struggle of the small tovm elite: "Mir el/* the spoiled, 
beautiful, rich girl with her pride, and "Mirel," the girl longing 
for happiness, the girl who imagines another world obliterating every- 
thing about the small-town. 

How v;ell can Ash portray the rift between child and parent I VrTien Hyman 
Rosenzweig hears his daughter speaking so enthusiastically to Misha in 
Russian, he feels the gulf between them widening. Only nov. does he 
realize how much of a stranger she is to him. He is ignorant of what 
she does or thinks. It appears that during her high school years she 
developed into a stranger, both to his language and his ways of think- 
ing. This is not the same little girl, v/ith the little curls, v^^hom he 
held so often on his lap, who looked so adoringly up at her father. 
The little girl is a young lady, a person over v/hom he has no authority. 
It seems she has a contempt for him, nor does she consult him on books 
she reads, or even speak to him of things she speaks to ^'Msha." '* Although 
I am intelligent, her father says to himself, "I know what are in books, 
and have even read Schiller's dramas. " 



■ , i 



II B 1 e - 5 - JEVJISH 

II B 2 d (3) 

I B 3 b Daily Jewish Courier > Dae. 14, 1913. 

This tragedy is reflected in both novels. Both keep throughout a definite V 
respect for the old elite, who so royally crowned o\ir Jewish life. Both 
Ash and Bergelson took the feLainine type from homes of nobility, for only 
there can be found material for such artistic v;ork. Both portray Jewish 
tragedies of parents and their children due to a deep gulf between the two. 
Thus far are the two novels parallel, although painted in various profuse 
colors. There are also many differences on which I will write in another 
article. 

B. 



'^-^■x 



L) 






II B 1 © J5V/ISH 

II B 2 d (3) 

Daily Jewish Courier > Nov. 23, 1913* 

MR. SCHMDEL HILLEL ISAACS IN CHICAGO 

Chicago has a very welcome guest in the person of the famous teacher and 
master, Llr. Schmoel Isaacs, of New York, father of that active Jewish 
Chicago comnnlnity worker, Mrs. Benjamin Davis, and the late Dr. Isaacs. 

Mr. Schmoel Hillel Isaacs, was bom 88 years ago in Rutsk, Subalker Co\mty, 
Russia. He studied the Torah with those great scholars, Mr. Moshe Laib, 
of Kutno, and lUx. Yehuda Bachroch. 

When he was 22 years old he came to America, and settled in New York. He 
spent most of his life there, and now he comes to Chicago. 

He is the author of many books that have become famous beyond the pale 

of Jewish Literature. His Almanac and General and Jewish Permanent Calendar 

were cited and explained in the Scientific American of Itorch 7, 1892; in 






II B 1 e - 2 - JKHJ3E 

II B 2 d (3) 

Daily Jewish Courier , Nov. 23, 1913* 

the New York Sun of September 14, 1893, and in the Seminar of Karch 1894. 

llr. Isaacs also wrote many articles for the American Jewish press as well 
as educational subjects for the monthly journal Tovoh from Zion , printed 
in Palestine. Many of his articles from this Palestinian organ were later 
published as •ei>arate pamphlets, Passover Theme , and W Tirin Brother Tzeevia . 
being among them. His llonthly Concept ions," pertains to the Jewish calendar. 
He covers the deep subject of the Rhomfcom in Halochus Kidush Hachudosh . 

Chicago* s educators and writers now have the privilege of meeting personally 
this noted scholar. He may be visited at the home of his daughter, Mrs. 
Benjamin Davis, 6120 Drexel Avenue. 




I> 



II B 1 e 



Courier » April 11, I909. 
PROM WEEK TO WEEK. 



JEWISH 



WPA(iLL)PROJ. 302/3 



Several of the prominent and well-to-do Jews in Chicago have started a 
movement which is still in progress, to organize a society to he named 
Yehoish Literary Group* The purpose of this hody will he to translate 
into English, in complete or partial form the poetry of the famous Jewish 
poet, Yehoish (Bluragarten) , in order to acouaint the English speaking 
puhlic with his great literary works. A meeting will he called shortly, 
the group will he fully organized, and a definite program will he formu- 
lated and put into reality. We, on our part, congratulate this novel 
undertaking. From our hrief acquaintance with this group, we can say 
that they are not merely trying to advertise themselves, hut are actually 
willing to spend money and lahor to put this plan in action. Yehoish is 
the only Jewish poet who has never made a living from his poetry. The 
translations of his works into English would he the only reward the Jews 
could give him. 






it 



II B 1 a JTSmSE 

II D 3 Dally Jewish Courier , April 19, I909. ,,p, „. , ,_, 

i. y ^. ^ ^ V/PA (ILL) PKOJ. 30275 

THE EXfECTSD VISIT OF YZHOASH 

The Chicago Jewish conmninlty Is expectantly await li3g, with satisfaction merged 
with cariosity* the visit of the talented Jewish poet, M«S» Blumgarten, hetter 
known to lovers of Jewish poetry under his pen name, "lehoash.'' A reception 
committee of pexhaps a hundred intelligent Russian and German Jews, has heen 
formed for the special purpose of welcoming the honored guest with all due cordial- 
ity that he deserves. On Sunday evening. May 9th, a literary evening and a 
concert will be given In his honor, at which the poet will recite some of his 
own poetry* A program of the finest music and recitations has also been arranged* 

Those who were Instrumental in arraying this reception deserve our sincere thanks* 
We do not know of any other Jewish writer or poet in America who deserves as siuch 
fkdoration and respect from Jews as Tehoash* 

The main p\ixpose of Mr« Tehoash's visit is not to claim the honor that the Jews of 
Chicago owe him* He comes here in the Interests of the Jewish Cons\mptlve Eellef 
Society at Denver* Mr* Tehoash, who was forced to move to Denver because his 
Itusgs had been affected by tuberculosis, is, naturally. Interested in the saniteuri- 
ujn for Jewish tubercular patients* Mr* Tehoash devotes much of his time and talent 
to helping the institution which is doing great work in saving °any consumptive 
people from a premature death. In the East, his visit was a tremendous success 



II B 1 • - 2 - JEWISH 

II D 3 

and It l8 hoped that it will he as equally successful in ChicagOt 

The Jews in Chicago have a two- fold reason for arranging a reception for the 
great Jewish poet; first, to give honor and respect to one of the finest Jewish 
poets of the age, and second to help a great charitable cause, a cause which 
will save thousands of lives from the dreadful white plague* 



II B 1 e 



JEl^ISII 



The Reform Advocate, Aug. 1, 18^1. 



iir^ 



y-s^ J -^^ f • /i. 



/ iiisij riii^; i/i^ Jib Lix Lr Lirb / 

Cne of trie lest selections in ':!he lieLrev/ ALuancc, is •*The lentateuch of Life", 
by Rabbi Calisch, which was taken froiu The p.efcnr. Advocate. 



II B 1 e .nriSH 

17 

' The Jewish Adygpce. A-a^just i6, 1873. . ^^'^ ('lL) PRO j. 30275 

The pamphlet entitled "Zur Froseliteni!rage" (To the Problem of Proselytlsin) 
which has "been recently published "by Rev. Dr. B. Pelsenthal of this city, has been 
copied entire, including even the "llachtraegliche Benerkungen" (After-Thoughts) , 
in the Keuzeit of Yierma^ 



\ 




K' 



TIONS AND 
ACTIVITIES 

B* Avocetional and Intellectual 
2* Intellectual 
a« Libraries 



/♦ 




^v 







.'i;;;. 



;v^. ■ >^ 



JEin SH 
II B 2 a 

WPA (ILL,) PRO: 3b27t 
Forwards Aug. 13, 1923, 

The transformation of the Labor Lyceum into a culturr-^l center for the 
workers started at a recent meeting of the City Central Committee of the Work- 
men's Circle* 

The City Central Committee presented a recommendation to establish a 
library in one of the large rooms of the building, to provide books, magazines 
and newspapers to those wishing to read. 

The recommendation was unanimously adopted -nd it was resolved to r^p^ly to 
all those having books to donate to the library^ to notify the office of the 
Labor Lyceum • 

It was also resolved to ask the Forward , r^nd. the general office of the 
Workmen's Circle, to submit their publications to the library. All of the pub- 
lications of the Kropotkin Literary Society will also be printed. 

The committee will procure all valuable books in Jewish and English, and 
all progressive and radical magazines. 

The necessary preparations will be miade to open the library, January 1. 



TL ^ ^ ^ , JS-.VISH 

II B 2 b 

^11 ^ Forward , Apr, 4, 1931. 

III H 

GSt.TILE LSA.VES HUGE LIBRARY FOE PALESTIlffi 



Dr. William Hechler, a Protestant preacher, by the terms of his v/ill has 
left a huge library to the Palestinian Lmseum. His library contains 
many rare and costly editions. He also left a book case which once 
belonged to Sir Moses Montif iore. 

The will, v/hich is in the possession of a Jewish family named V/ise, was 
written in 1900. Dr. Hechler died recently in Vienna. 

Dr. Hechler was an intimate friend of the late Dr. Herzel, and also 
anc advocate of the Zionistic ideals. 

« 

Dr. Hechler is the author of a theological work in ^vhich he contends 
that Jesus Christ will not return in his full glory until the Jews 
return to Palestine and establish and independent Jewish state. 



r O 



V^ 



- 2 - JEV/ISH 



Forward, Apr. 4, 1931. 



According to his will, this book and nany other Christian theological 
works are also to be sent to the Palestinian Museum. 



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II B £ a 



JEWISH 



•^ 



The Reform Advooatet April 5, 1930. Vol.79, p.220, 

' ' THE POET IS DEAD I LONG LIVE POETRTl 

During the latter part of October^ 1892, a memorial meeting was held in 
Metropolitan Hall, Jefferson and 0*Brien Street, to lament the death of 
the. great Hebrew poet, Leon Gordon, who had passed away earlier in the 
month* Among the speedcers were. Dr. Bernard Felsenthal, Dr« Herman n 
Eliasoff, S»-A# Schneider, and Leo Zolotkoff* 

Many hundreds of Chicago's Maskilim gathered at the. hieill to pay homage 
to the memory of one who had bewailed the sorrows and sufferings of the 
Jews in stanzas and verses as poignemt as those of Jehudah Halevi« It 
was an opportune moment to think again of Hebraic Literature • At the 
close of the meeting, a few of the leading Jews privately agreed, among 
themselves, to call a meeting in the near future for the reorganization 
of the Hebrew library* 



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II B 2 a 



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JMISH 



The Reform Advooate t April 5, 1930, Vol. 79, p. 220# 






Two weeks later, a conference was called in a private residence on Judd 
Street, Tirtiere a literary society was formed and arrangements were made 
to collect all the old volumes of the old library and to procure proper 
quarters to house the new libr€try« 

^Yhen the settlement of the West Side Jews reached out further west, and 
the fine homes on Ashland Boulevard, Maxshfield, and Winchester Avenues, 
bore "Mezuzes" on their door-posts, the library sold its home on Johnson 
Street and secured a new and more ostentatious site on Ashland Boulevard 
near Polk Street. 

The "Shochfe Sfath Over>» served the Jewish community of Chicago faithfully 
from the date of the death of the great Hebrew poet, Leon Gordon in 
October 1892, until the realization of his dream when Palestine becsune the 
homeland of the Jewish people* 



o 

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X 






II B £ a 



-3- 
The Reform Advooate, April 5, 1930* Vol. 79, p. 220. 



JOTISH 



The British Government, through Lord Balfour, officially declared that 
Palestine was to belong to the «Jewish people. 



o 

9 

CO 

CD 



In the latter peirt of 1917, when our young men went forth to fight for the 
democracy of the world and the Jewish youth also for the possession of 
Palestine, the Hebrew- Literary Society and its library was practically 
deserted, except for the few men that were left behind # And so the build- 
ing was sold, the books moved to the Douglas Park district, finally 
stored away, and the "Chebrah Shochre Sfath Over" ceased to exist* 



, / 



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,'^ 



II B 2 a 



JE'A^ISF 



Chicago Hebrew Institute Observer, October 3, 19S9* 

JE;VISH PEOPLE'S INSTITUTE RENTAL LIBR;RY OPENS THIS V/EEK. 



of 



'i 



Tlie Jev/ish People's Institute Rental Library opened this week on Sunday, 
September 28, at*3, P# M. 'Ye wish here to bring to your attention some 
the latest books, many of v/hich will not be publicly advertised for a few 
weeks* These are called September books by publishers and are not for sele 
till the end of the mo th. There books ;vill not be in the public library 
for months. You have the opportunity to read them here, now, for l/lO to 
1/20 their value, while the critics a^e evaluating and discussing them* 
Also, we shell conduct a bulletin board, . bringing to your notice books recom- 
mended by literar^v^ periodicelp and famous critic^, together with e^ood reviews. 

".'e wish to empV>asi^e that this is your library and any tim.e we c^n do any- 

thi^5 ^c»r you, if possible, we shall, if you let our librarian know of it. 

For instance, if you wish to "huy hooks, we will do that for you, ,p;ettin.2; you 

bo ks at less than retail valu'-. If vou wish to read soecial bocks, let us 

knov/, '"'e will ^ut tlem in the rental library. Our book shop will be behind 

the information desk, the rir^ht hnnd corner. . Our rates are 15^/ minimum to b^ paid 



II B 2 a 



JEJISH -1% 



Chicago Hebrew Institute O bserver , October 3, 1929. 









upon the drawing of book* The book can be kept for 4 days. ^q. vdll be charged'l, 
for each day thereafter. A membership fee of Zbq^ a year will be charged* 



\ - • 



II B 2 a JEWISH 

II D 6 % 

Chicsgo Hebrew Institute Obser ver. January 2S, I929. "S 

Hiiai.lAN SCHUR EEFSHillWj!; LIBHAHY. . % 

• --■• 

Although the reading room in our reference library is one of the "brightest 
and largest rooms ??t the Institute, it is already proving too sm&ll for 
the students and readers who cone to use it. In the center of a thriving 
Jewish cominunity, with a variety of cultural activities in the same "build- 
ing - a high school, an elementary school, a series of lecture forrjims and 
the like - the lihrary is admirahly situated to attract large hodies of 
readers. The attendance has "been mounting slov/ly, hut steadily, on an 
average of a"bout two-hiondred persons, who come daily to utilize some of 
the 9fOOO hooks on the various subjects available in the library, or to 
read the magazines and newspapers on file. 

The library is made up of four departments. First, the reading and study 
room; second, the Judaica section; third, the magazine room; fourth, the 
pamphlet section. About 3»^00 of the books of our collection deal with 
social sciences, under, which are classified such subjects as Philosophy, 
Psychology, Sociology, Criminology, Ethics, Economics, Foreign Relations, 



T » 



II B 2 a ■ . -2- JEWISH 

II D 6 



J.' 



Chic?a:o Hebrew Institute 1) serve r, Januf^r;:^ 28, 1929# f- 

Political Jiiconomy, Finance, Civics, Education, Domestic Economy, and Busi- 
ness, 



y 



The Judaica section contains upward of 3>5QO iDOoks, which in themselves ^> 
make up a very exclusive lilirary in this field. Some of the contents of 
this collection may be described by such generic terms as Biography, Drama, 
Psychology, Philanthropy, Education, Judaism, Philosophy, etc, Man^^ books 
in this section are rare and cannot be dunlicated except in some of the 
great collections of Judaica, elsewhere. 

The reference section contains about 7^2 reference books. All the impor- 
tant encyclopedias, source miscellanies, dictionaries, compendiums, of one 
kind or another are available. The seating capacity is about sixty-five 
persons in the main reading room alone. About 1?^. current magazines are 
on file in the librarj'-. These magazines are all of the kind tha^t serious 
people and students wish to read. There are no trade magazines and none 
of the kind that do not merit rea.l reading. All of the old numbers of 
important magazines are kept on file alphabetically, and are available 



1 

I 



H B B ^ •' - 3 - JETilSH 



f\? 



Chicago Hebrew Institute Coserver, S^n. 1929. T-^ 






to readers. Within the lf»st three months, another "branch has teen added o 
to our library, and that is our peinphlet department, corresponding to the 7^ 
civics sections of the general library. At present re have painphlets on 
about thirty-five different subjects, but from the rate of growth of this 
section, we may expect in the near future to find valuable information in 
a large pamohlet library. 






JEL7ISH 



II B 2 a 

The Reform Advocate, Volume 73. V/eek of March 26, 1927, Page 243. 






-1 

. 5 



( 3 

The Rosenwald Library, the first modern scientific library to be est- -3 

ablished in Upper ^gypt, was open at Luxor, on March 15 • The library '^' 

is named for Julius Rosenwald, who, with his son, made the principal 
endowment* 



II B 2 a 



-7^ 






The Reform Advocate ^ Volume 71; Week of May 29,1926*..*« .Page 620 



3 



In memory of her husbandf Mrs. Herman Schur has contributed $17,000«00 to ^ 
the new J»P«I» This contribution is to be used for the installation of a 
specialized library on Judaica and the Social Sciences, to be known as the 
Herman Schur Reference Library* * 

V/hen completed, it will contain the most comprehensive Judaica in English 
in the oountry. 



II B 2 a. 



JEWI SH 






<.>> 



Chicpgo Hetrer Institute Observer , May 25, I926. -^ 

HEHiiAN SCHUH RaJS'i'^fiilriCE LIBRilRY S'OH K£V,' BUILDIiro TO SPECIALIZE li: JUDAICA / 
SOCIAL SCIEKCE. 

In a desire to accomplish an net, cervinf* p useful "ourrose in memory of her >-^ 
hustand, !.!r. Emma Schur, of Chic?^o, announced her generous contribution in h^ 
connection rith the contemDlrted construction of the Instit\ite in the Lawn- 7^ 
Dale District, in the form of the installation of a specialised library on Ju- 
daica, the social sciences, end general reference library. Seventeen-thousand 
dollars have been contributed for the "ourr)Ose. The library is to be known as 
the Herman Schur Reference Library/. 

The donor, in trrnsmlttinf: the .^ift, expressed the hope thPt the usefulness 
of the librrry will be demonstrated c?nd that on future occasions, as they 
may arise, she may be given an opportunity to consider further contributions 
for this Durcose in case they become necessary, l^Tien the announcement was 
made at the m.eeting of the Board of Directors last Thursday evening, the en- 
thuasiasm was so great on the "oart of the member? of the Board, th^'t an addi- 
tional $?,000 was contributed towrrds the library: $1,000 by our President, 
Mr. Jacob M. Loeb, and another $1,000 by Mr, John Wineberg. 



II B 2 a 



JEinSH 



Chicago Chronicle, Volume 5. ■.l.^ek of September 269 1924, Page 5. 



This library consists of over 800 Hebrew volumes, some very rare out 
of print editions, others two and three hundred years old, will enable 
the young students of the Beth Haraedrosh L. Torah to ac^^uaint them- 
selves v/ith such literature, which is nowadays almost extinct* 






The priceless library of the late Gerson Siegel, which took a life- ^ 
time to collect, was presented by his widow and his children to the ^c 
Beth Hamedrosh L» Torah* 3 






II 3 2 a JEi'^aSE 

II B 2 f 

III c Dail3^ Jev/ish Courier , Liar. 4, 1924* 

AK ACADEIIIC JEV.TSH LIBRARY III CHICAGO 

(Editorial in English) 

Chicago is the only major Jewish coijuunity in the world without an academic 
Jewish library open to all who are engaged in Jewish scholarly viork. 
Philadelphia has several good Jev;ish libraries, New York has several, 
Cincinnati and V/ashington have good Jev/ish libraries, but Chicago has none, ^ 
and because there is not such a librarj^ in Chicago, those Jewish scholars 
who are anxious to do scholarly v/ork must go to other cities to do it, or ^ 
they do not do it at all. The establishment of a Jewish library in Chicago 
to serve primarily ^- le purposes of Jev/ish learning and Jev/ish research 
work is of prime importance to the intellectual interest of the community, 
and an attempt can be made now to establish such a library in conjunction 
with the "Jeth Ledrosh L'Torah ^ebrew Theological College/. The Beth 
lledrosh L*rorah is supposed to be an academic institution, and if it is not 



ID 

rr 



U Z 2 a - 2 - J217ISH 

II 3 2 f 

III c Daily Jewish Courier , I.ar, 4, 1924. 

deserving or its name, it v;ill be deservir^ of it v/ithin a very short 
tiine because sooner or later it v/ill have to engage acc-dernic tei\chers, and 
the institution vrill be transformed into a regular Jev/ish faculty, Hov/ever, 
a je'.dsh faculty v/ithout an ccade:7iic library is impossible, x^he students :^ 
must be trained in research v;oric and they cannot do it v/ithout an academic ^ 
library. It is, therefore, obvious that it is the duty of the Board of ^ 
Directors of the I:eth i:edrosh LTorah to lay as much stress on the establish- v 
ment of a cood library as on any other branch of activities. It is as f 
important as the teaching staff. V/e, therefore, succest that the authorities 
of the Beth i.edrosh L'Torah lose no tLT.e in organizing a special librar;:,^ 
committee, the object of v/hich shall be to concentrate its activities on 
the development of the already existing library, so that it can jecome a 
triily academic library. 

Such a library must possess three t:rpes of boohs; IZebraija, comprising the 
best 7;orks of liebrev; literature from the Bible to the present day; judaica, 






II B 2 a - 3 - JK-:n.SE 

II B 2 f 

III C Daily Jewish Courier , iuar. 4, 1924. 

the literature on J"ev;s and Judaism from Philo to the present day; and a 
good theolof.ical and philosophical library. To procure these books a svim 
of ten thousand dollars is necessary, and v/hen the library will possess at 
least the fundamental books of Kebraica and Judaica, Jev/ish scholars in 
Chicago v/ho are interested in various branches of Jewish learning v/ill be ^ 
in a position to do the v/ork right here in Chicago, and the library v;ill - 
not only stimulate and fxirt'ier the cause of Jewish learning in Chicago, but f 
it will make Chicago a center of Jev/ish academic activities. It is a 
disgrace that a community like Chicago, second to tiie largest Jewish community 
in the v/orld, is a nonentity as far as Jeivish learning is concerned. I^o 
great Jewish book, with the exception of Shure^s Nesach Israel , is connected 
with the name of Chicago. The Jev/ish bibliographer will -cell you that 
Chicago is unknov/n as a center of Jev/ish learning. An end must be made to 
this disgraceful state of affairs, and only an academic library such as v/e 
propose, car. ir.ake an end ot it. There are nov/ m Chicago any number of 
young Jewish fellov/s v;ho neglect their scholarly interests becaiise there is 
no Jewish library at their dis-oosnl where they can do scholarly v/ork. 



iBl^^BIHBflMMM 



II B 2 a - 4 - JlilMSr: 

II Z> 2 f 

III C Daily Jev;is:i Courier > :.:ar. 4, 1924. 

The cause o2 Hebrew learning is the main sufferer, but the aiiibitious young 
Jev.'ish scliolars suffer too, '.;e cannot possibly imagine an acadeiuic Jev/isn 
institution, svch as the jeth Lledrosh L*"Jorali v/ill soon be, i/ithout an 
adequate library, '£Yen these students of the institution v/ho contemplate 
devotin,-: all their ability, tirie, and energy to a study of the Taliaud and 
Habbinica, must have an adequate library at their disposal, but v/e dare 
say that a ^reat many of the students v;ill be interested in other branches 
of Jev;ish learnin£: as v;ell, in philosophy, theology, jurisprudence, ^ho 
v/ill beT" vdthoiit an acadenic Jewish library open to all v/ho are ^n need 
of aT" library to serve their sp^ecific purposes. 

I\0v; that the financial strain of the institution has been somev;hat relieved 
by the results of the irienbership drive, and v;iil be Liore relieved in the 
near future, the Board of Directors inust tackle at once the library problem, 
because v/ithin a year or so, some of the students of the institution v/ill 
be ready to do research vjorlc, and they must be given the opportunity to 



c 






II 3 2 a 

II B 2 f 

III C Dailv Jer.'ish Courier, I'.ar. 4, 1924, 



jn^asLi 



do this V7ork. It is true that a libr^i^ry is more than a collection of books* 
The books nust be housed sone\;here and nust be cared for by somebody, but 
the main thin^, &re the books, -iheii the books v/ill be here, it v;ill be ^ 
easy to convince the public to ^ive a certain sum of money for a library ^ 
building, but the first attempt should be made to secure books or money to .-^ 
buy books. This at:.empt should be i.iade at once. p 

-o 

TO 

CO 

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->J 



II B 2 a 
I A 2 a 



JEWI SH 



The Reform Advocate , Wk. of Decem'ber I5, I923. Vol. 66, p.fiOO. 

Through the efforts of Dr. Ahrah^.m Schecter of the Hehrew Theological College, f. 
the Chicago Public Library in the ne?.r future will establish a department of 
books in English on Jewish matters in the Chicago Public Library, Douglas 
Branch. 



'A> 



II B 



I'.ISH 



I C 

Daily Jev/ish Courier , i-ar, 23, 1923. 

A JEV/ISH CIIY LIBRARY 
(i]ditorial) 

In eveiy large Jev/ish comnunity there is a Jev/ish city library that houses 
a collection of Hebrew bo -ks and of Jev/ish literature in all languages, ^^t ^ 
present, there is no such institution in Ohicaco, and if a Chicaco Jew is ^ 
in need of a liebrev; or Jev/ish book, he must go to the Chicago public 'P 
Library* The Chicago Public Library' has Jev/ish books, but not enough to C 
fulfill the needs of the r^any educated Jews v/ho still evince an interest ^ 
in Jewish literature. A city like Chicugo ought to have a library of R 
Hebrev; and Jewish books, and thus encourage Jfjwish erudition and Jei^ish y 
literature. If a Jewish educator in Chicago v/ants to do some research 
work, he simply cannot. It is impossible for one to purchase all the 
necessary books, and the Chicago Public Library does not have the books 
v/hich are indispensable for research in Jev/ish studies. A city like 






II 3 2 a - 2 - JSV/ISH 

I C 

Daily Jev/isli Courier , Liar. 25, 1925. 

Chicago, v;hich lias four hundred thousand Jev/s, oucht to have a library in 
a special buildin::. A Jev;ish library oucht to have its ovm home in Chicago. 
The masses, hov/ever, are busy in their lodges v/ith sick benefits and 
cemeteries, and the upper strata are busy v/ith charity, and there is 
neither time nor money for educational v;ork. 









f 

J 



II 3 2 a 

III C 



jwnsii 



Daily Jev/ish Courier, July 30, 1914. 

THE l^CESSITY OF A LIBI^AKY FOP T:3 CHICAGO EAEEIS, 

Worthy Editor of the Courier; 

I would like to call your attention to a thing which - as it seems to me - 
is very inportant and perhaps very necessary. The thing is of great im- 
portance and yet it isn't here. I feel it and I think there are many who 
share the same opinion. 

Chicago has a beatiful Hebrev; library containing modern literature, which 
was founded twenty-four years ago under the name, "Schocri Shefas Aver.^ 



* II B 2 a - 2 - JmyiSH 

III C 

f Daily Jewish Courier , July 30, 1914. 

Everybody knows that this is a great asset* It has yielded good results. 
But unfortunately, there is no rabbinical literature. If one is in need 
of such literature, it can not be had. 

Knowing there are many books that are owned by individuals who make no use 
of them, it would be a timely suggestion to establish such a society. A 
large number of people will also know that we own invaluable treasuries of 
knowledge and science. In this way, we will stop throwing sacred literature 
unwittingly into garbage cans and alleys, which is not a novelty', and certainly 
is a tragedy. 

I believe that every individual will turn over his books, which are useless 
to him, to the library. I also believe that the Chicago Jewish community 
will be proud of such an institution. 

Respectfully yours, 

Rabbi Sleziarr, '.Pushkin 

Rabbi of Congregation B'nai Joseph, 

Chicago, 111. 



I 



II B 2 a 



JEWISH 



The Sentinel , Wk, of January 3, I919, Vols. 33-3^» P*2U. ^ 

-c- 
The Ladies Auxiliary of Temple Sholom have established the Ahram Hirsch- ^ 
"berg Reference Library in commemoration of the twentieth anniversary of p 
HahM Hirschherg's occupancy of the pulpit. The library consists of refer-^ 
ence hooks on all subjects of Jewish interest including the Bible, Bibli- g 
cal Science, Jewish problems, etc. It is hoped that in time, Ten^le Sho- 
lom will have the most comprehensive Jewish reference library in the city. 



CO 









II B 2 a 

III B 2 
III A 



JMISH 



?i 



Daily Jewish Courier , May 28, 1914. 

DOUGLAS PARK LIBRMY LEAGUE. 

The rapid growth of the Douglas Park community sho^urs us the aesthetic 
taste and the desire for a higher standard of living, which is innate 
among Chicago Jews, who for years past have spent their lives in the 
(Vest Side Ghetto, on Llaxwell and Jefferson streets* As soon as the 
opportunity presented itself, the Jews pulled out of that district and 
built up a beautiful community around Douglas Park. In a very short time, 
many cultural institutions were built, such as synagogues, a Kosher hospitgj., 
an orphans home, a home for the aged, children's Hebrew classes, etc« 

But the committee appointed by the city to look after the spiritual and 
moral development of our youth, and whose aim and duty it is to furnish 
libraries and other educational institutions for residents in the different 
parts of the city, the Public Library Board, has entirely neglected our 



- 2 - JEWISH 



Daily Jewish Courier, May 28, 1914. 

community, with a population of over 50>000 inhabitants. And furthermore 
the community is still growing larger and larger* This is a district 
that has ten public schools with an average of at least 1,000 in each 
school* There is a high s chool also in the district. The Jewish people 
of such a large district lose lots of time and are very much inconvenienced 
by having to travel on more than one street car, to get to the main library 
downtown for their book necessities. 

The Poale Zion and the National tforkers Alliance have taken upon them- 
selves to influence the Board of the Chicago Public Library to open up 
a branch library on the West Side with enough reading rooms to accommodate 
the Jewish inhabitants in this district. A committee for that purpose has 
been appointed. Messrs. K« Mahmer and I. Stillman are at the head of this 





- 3 - JFJIISR-i...^^'^^ 



Daily Jewish Courier > May 28, 1914 • 

committee which is called the Douglas Library League ♦ This league has, 
with its energetic hard work, gotten up a petition with over 5fOOO 
names, which will be presented to the Library Board by Ur. Phillip Seaman, 
the Superintendent of the Hebrew Institute* 

The work of this league is more than appreciated by the citizens of this 
district* All the public schools, high schools, and the Catholic schools 
with all their superintendents are earnestly promising to cooperate with the 
league in this undertaking* The Chicago press is also cooperating and 
everyone is full of hope that our thickly populated Douglas Park district 
will soon have the long desired branch library* 



II B 2 a 

III A 



JEWISH 



Daily Jewish Courier , Apr. 16, 1914 • 

THE SHORTAGE OF A LIBR.^Y. 






The Public Library of Chicago, in recent years has conducted its affairs 
on modern business principles* It publicizes its reading material and 
seeks to attract an even larger number of children to its various branches 
throughout the city. It takes pains to reach the masses who cannot come 
to the local centers* First comes the downtown library and then memy 
branches in different localities of the city. VVhen it is found that the 
patronage is too small for the establishment of a branch library, it 
opens up delivery stations and traveling libraries* vi'e are at a loss for 
an explanation why the board of directors of this energetic institution 
is neglecting the opening of a branch library in such a large section of 
the city, as the Douglas Park neighborhood where there can be found many 
thousands of Jewish children who have always shown their eagerness for 
knowledge. Not only in this country, but in other countries also« 



II B 2 a - 2 - JE^SH 

III A 

Daily Jewish Courier ^ Apr* 16, 1914. 

The Jewish district begins on the east side of Douglas Park and runs along 
the west side of 40th Ave* It is approximately twenty-five blocks in 
length and ten blocks in width. Its population will run into the tens of 
thousands who feel that they are being mistreated by the board of directors 
of the Chicago Public Library. The board certainly does not fail to do 
all it possibly can for many other neighborhoods in the city. This 
district which is settled by a much larger population is very much 
neglected* Je find that the public library has many interesting books, 
such as German, Jewish-English, and much Jewish literature, too numerous 
to mention, which can be utilized in a new library branch in the Jewish 
district. So it is nothing but right and fair, that the Jews, who live in 
the Douglas Park district and who always did their part in carrying the 
burden of public duties should have the same library privileges as any 
other part of the city* The nearest branch for the Jewish inhabitants of 
the Douglas Park district is the Hebrew Institute. As even the most 



II B 2 a - 3 - JEWISH 

III A 

Daily Jewish Courier ^ Apr. 16, 1914. 

eager readers are not very anxious to take the long walk to the Hebrew 
Institute; the result is that they get weaned a^ray from reading and they 
spend their leisure time in other places which is not at all beneficial 
and very oft^n detrimental to the upbuilding of the youth's character* 

The Jewish public in the district feel the lack of a library very keenly 
and claim that an injustice has been done to the Douglas Park district 
by the board of directors of the Public Library* 



II B 2 a 



JE7/ISH 



III B 2 

Daily Jewish Courier ^ Nov. 5f 1913 • 

THE AIKUAL LSETING OF THE SKUCHRIE SF0S3 AVER. 

Last Sunday night, the yearly meeting of the Shuchrie Sfoss Aver was 
held in their library at 8lO Ashland Blvd. The secretaries read their 
reports showing that in the year since they acquired their own building, 
they have attained tremendous success. The most interesting report was that 
given by the librarian, L'r. P. Dietch, who gave a complete account of the 
books and the kind of readers that frequent the library; which books are 
read the most, which the least, etc* This report is especially important 
to those Jews who are interested in the plight of the Hebrew language in 
America* 

There was also election of officers* 



III 1 1 ^11 



II E 2 a 



JEWISH 



Chicago Heljre?; Institute OId server, November, I9I2. 



Litrar^'. 



Our liorar^,^ still remains one of the smallest in the city from point of view 
of space. Ho^;vever in circulation and attendance it continues to hold its , i 
own. The total attendance and circulation for the year were 20?>,131 (10S,lU0i^ 
and 37,511 respectively) as against 131,0UU (57i320 ^-nd 75,66U respectively) 
last year. Mr. Lecler, lihrariaxi of the puhlic lihr&r^^ as well ?s Mr. Phe- 
la.n, superintendent of the puhlic "branch lioraries, have appealed to our 
committee on education for larger quarters. Thus f^-^r, however, vie ?^ere un- 
alDle to comply with their request. Eowever, it is hooed that when our present 
g;v^mnasium is moved to the new building, we mpy find it possible to arrange 
for larger quarters. It will have to he at least two-thirds larger' th&n the 
present room. The character of the literature circulated is very different 
frorij what is found in other branch libraries. It is, we are informed, of a. 
much more serious character and embraces almost all branches of knowledge. 



II B 2 a 
I A 2 a 



2 



JS^YISH 



The Refona Advocate , Vol. 39, Wk. of June IS, IJIO, p.S27. 



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The He'brer Literary Institute is an orgar-ization whose object is to main-C:::J 
tain the Hetrew language and to propagate loyal t^^ and love for Judaism. %e 
Institute suffered a great loss in the destruction "by fire of the Chicago 
Hehrew Institute. A lihrary of 2,000 ^''olurres in several langijiages, all on 
Jewish science and a collection of Jewish books on general subjects, vanished 
in the flame c« 

A young man, l^r. Ho sen, has donated 1,000 hooks and a beginning has thus been 
made to rebuild the only Jewish librar;y^ in Chicago. 



^Bi^UHHBa^^ 



II B 2 a JEWISH 

ly 

Conner . June 17, 1910 WFA (ILL,) PROJ 30275 

A Call To Bsbraists 

We wish to azmoamce to the Chicago Jewish Public that the Hebrew Library* 
which was destroyed in the Institute, will again be opened in the yery near 
ftitTxre# A collection of one- thousand Hebrew books, the best Works of Hebrew 
authors, was donated by the well-known scholar, Mr» 8. Hosen , from his personal 
library, 
i This and other smaller donations will form the nucleus of the new library. 

• 

The Hebrew Library Committee woxild appreciate any donations of books in 
Hebrew or any other language, so long as the books are of Jewish interest. 

Those who have always desired to do something for the Hebrew^language can 
now satisfy this yearning by piirchasisg or donating from their personal libraries, 
books of Jewish interest* 

We hope the Hebraists of Chicago will respond as generously as they can to 
this very worthwhile project. 

Bespectfully, 

The Committee 



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JEWISH 



I B U 
III A 



WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 
Courier . April 15, I909, 

WHM THE PEOPLE SAY TOR A JEWISH LIBRAHY IN CHICAGO, 
Dear Editor of the Jewish Courier : j 

i; 
\ 

The necessity of a Jewish center in Chicago, where different Jewish groups | 
are ahle to get together and express their views on various topics, freely, ' 
and at the same time feel that they are in a Jewish, national atmosphere, I 
has been solved hy the opening of the Hebrew Institute* This center has | 

been recognized by all ri^t-thinking Jews as a necessary function in the 
Jewish community here. But here, with the assistance of your paper, I wish \ 
to draw the attention of the officers of the Chicago Hebrew Institute tp an I 
absolutely necessary department which ought to be added soon to the institu- 
tion, and that is a Jewish library. It should be a collection of various 
books, magazines, and newspeqpers, which should satisfy the mutual and spiri- 
tual needs of the Jewish masses and of which they have been sadly lacking. 

Grood Jewish literature cannot be obtained in every place. I have been a 
frequent visitor to the Hebrew Institute; I have walked around the building, 
but no sign of a library is to be found there. However, you will find 



-^-fc^,.. 



II B 2 a - 2 - JEWISH 

II D 6 
I B U 

III A 

Courier . April 15, I909. 



WPA dLL.) pro;. 3G2?b 



there some unnecessary clu'bs and dance halls where hoys and girls get to- 
gether and have a good time* 

Respectfully yours, 

B. Eatzen - USO Morgan street. 

Dear Editor: 

I read the article of Eabhi Holtzman of Brooklyn, N. !•, ahout the educa- 
tion of Jewish children, and I think that the rahbi's plan is alright* But 
how many times have already been written, and plans formulated, about the 
pitiful neglect in giving the young generation a Jewish education? Look at 
the ftentilesi How they take care of matters concerning the spirit, and the 
religious education of their children.' They see to it that their religion 
should be strengthened, while in our midst it is getting weaker and weaker. 
It is appalling to think of how many thousands of grown-ups as well as 
small children had or have no Jewish education at all, and Judaism is 
entirely strange to them. Many of them even go so far as to ridicule and 
to lau^ at anything dealing with Judaism. They laugh at it because they 



II B 2 a - 3 - JEWISH 

II D 6 
I B U 

III A 

Courier, April 15. 1909* 



lVPA(iLL)PRoj. 30275 



donH know anything dealing with Judaism. They have not learned a"bout our 
history, our religion, and about our language. Our Jewish elders, parents 
of children, are contrihuting money to the "building of more synagogues, hut 
f for whom are they "building them? Only the older ones go there to worship 
and to meet friends, hut no young people can he seen there. Why donH we 
try to "build something for them? 

The Hebrew Institute is also a Jewish training school, and as duch it should 
have been the first to open such classes where a Jewish education should 
particularly be given. Sood and competent Jewish teachers who understand 
and are well versed in the English and Hebrew languages, and who have a 
thorough knowledge in Jewish history from its inception to the present time, 
should be intrusted with the .education of Jewish youth. They are the ones 
who chould be capable of instilling enthusiasm and love to the Jewish people 
and Judaism. Zionist clubs for children would not help anything. Only daily 
classes where a national spirit will be present at all times, and where the 
customs and mores of the Jewish people can be taught, will alleviate the 
trouble. 

Anna Gtoldberg. 



II B 2 a 

I C VVPA (ILL) PRoj. 30275 

Courier, 11-3-07 • 

HEARD AND SEEN (continued) 

The Public J^lbrary, after a great deal of coaxing by Jewish 
Organizations, have finally purchased a number of books In the 
Yiddish Language. Some of the finest Yiddish writers are represen- 
ted In the collection numbering several hundred books. Directors 
of the library state that If this practice proves popular, many 
more books will be added to the present collection • We call upon 
our Yiddish reading public to take advantage of this very opportunity 
provided by the Chicago Public Library. Rememberl The more books 
you read, the more variety of books you will be able to read 
because the Chicago Public Library Is certain to Increase the 
number of Yiddish books If a favorable response Is forth-coming 
from the Yiddish Bo6k lovers. 



II B 2 a 



JEWISH 



Sinai Congregation, Executive Board, Minutes, May 8, 1893* 

The Committee on (Semitic) Library Fond, through the president, reported 
having received in suhscription, the sum of $5flOO# 



O 



-J 



II fi 2 a 



JEfflSH 



Sinai Congregation, Executive Board, Minjites, August lU, lg93« 






Letter of Prof. Wm. R. Harper to the president (J. L. Oatzert) accepting the 
appointment of memher of the Committee to purchase hooks for the Semitic li- 
brary, and acknowledging '•the magnificent gift which you thus present to the 
university" was read and ordered filed. 



II B 2 a 
I A 1 d 

III C 



JE\7ISH 






The Reforir; Advoc ate, Wk, of April 8, 1P>93. p.lSC, B 



The interided contribution of Sinai Congregation to a fund for the establish- 
ment of a Semitic Library will be hailed with delight by all members of the Uni- 
versity, Hitherto the students have been hampered in their investigations, ow- 
ing to lack of books and without a well equipped library no scholarly research 
is possible. This action on the part of Sinai v;ill insure the success of Semitic 
studies and make the University as it is intended, the center of such studies 
in this country^ 



• y 



II B 2 a 

III C 

The Reform Advocate > June 5, 1891 ♦ 



JS^VISH 



^BRARY GIFTT" 

M« David Uontezinos has presented his library comprising 8,000 volumes, to 
the Beth Hamedrash, belonging to the Portuguese congregation at Amsterdam^ 



^'L . 



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i II A 3 b 



JEWI SH 



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The Occiden t, March ?3, l^SS. :| 

HANDSOrOi: DOKATIOi: TO 0\jR PUBLIC LIBMRY. -^ 

The followinf^ letter from >'r. Carl Wolfsohn, the eminent -nipnist of ChiC'^^o, 
hrs (C^iven the Piihlic Lihrar^' of Chicpfro, the Ir^te Beethoven Society's vpIu- 
^^hle imisic scores of e^^inent aoithors, which hv>? sxi intrinsic vF-lne of rt 
lerst S?,500 

Mr. Adolr)h :!oses 
De??r Sir: 

The Lihr^ry of the Beethoven Society, which hrs heen -nlf^ced p,t my disposi- 
tion by the Board of Directors of thrt society, I have held for several ye?rs, 
vraitinf^ for fn on-oortr.nity to ^refent it to a ner musicrl society whose only 
and r)rinci-^al aim should "be the Richest in Art. As no such o--oortunity 
■oresent'^. itself and is even not visible in the nerr future, I be^^ you to 
renuest the Board of Directors of the Public Librr^r^' to accent it as a gift 
on m^^ D?^:rt, to pn institution fostering that, which throuv*^ my v;hole life 
had h?id mj^ deer^est sympathy, - The advancement ?Xid culture of m.ind rnd soul. 



II B 2 a 
II A 1 "b 



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JK'A'ISH 






The Oncident, March ?3 , \m%. 



*^ 



Sho^jld ?t any time the loan of the worlds of the Beethoven Library rs^ir.t the ^3 
nev7 as well as no-' existing chorrl {societies, it ^-oiild fully meet my rashes, 
pjid an oh.iect ?=ttPinec3 I always had in view. 



Carl Wolfsohn 
March 9, V^'^^ 
Chicr-^o. 




II. CONTRIBO- 
TIONS AND 
ACTIVITIES 

B. Avocational and Intellectual 
2. Intellectxial 
b. Museums 



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II D 6 



JEV/ISH 



Chicago Jewish Chronicle, November 3f 1933 • 

OPEN NATUR.^ HISTORY MUSEUl! AT J. ?• I. 

Last Sunday the Jewish People's Institute opened its ICuseum of Natural 
History, which was presented to the Institute by Samuel Bornstein, who 
was personally responsible for the gathering of the material contained 
in the exhibit, consisting of more than 3>000 pieces* 

It has been called a miniature Field Museum, for it contains sample 
exhibits in natural history and anthropology in a measure similar to 
that found in the Field Museum. This Museum will offer an excellent 
opportunity to nearly a quarter of a million people living within welk* 
ing distance of the Institute to become acquainted with the wonders of 
nature • 



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The institute vrill be located i::- The uld i^'ino Arts 'iuildin^, an«:': v/ill be 
naraed after Julius Hoseixvuld. 'rhe old ririe Arts • uildiiLj, in Jackson P'-i"k, 
will undor^jo a co..iplete chan:;e, the v;or!c to start Ju..e 1, The b.dldin;; v/lll 
be occupied by the Julius Hosenv/ald r.usea.. of Industry accordinr: to the an- 
nouncement made by '.aldei-iar .-'aeMpfert, directo*:* of the l!useum. Julius 
Ho'^.env;ald*s contribution of •;5, 000, 000 together vdth the '5,000,000 secured 



by a bond issue of the h^outh rarl: uoir.a:ssion riade t' is projo 






:)Ossible. 



The achievements of industry up to the yresent v:il?. be represented b^^ models, 
v/hich v;ill shov; the ''technical pro^-re^s of mankind'* in historical order. 
:any itoris for por/ianent exhibiti -n jiave already arrived; Oae of these is 
the apToaratus used in niea^urin^^ the veloeitv c:" li^ht, an invention of i'rofes- 



sor 



IT 



bert 



— • 



ichelson, of the university of uhica^o. 



II B 2 b 



JETivISH 



The Reform Advocate ^ 'i^eek of March 2, 1929^ Volume 77, Page 109. 






For yeers it has been the idea of Philip Semant general director of the -^ 

Jewish People Institute, to establish in Chicago a museum of Jewish an- '^ 

tiquities. The museiim is now open and contains dozens of art "objects \^ 

brought from the old Jewish cities of Poland, Galiciaf Germany, Italy and 
Palestine. 

Chas. Shaffner, one of Chicago's oldest residents, is responsible for the 
purchase of many of the object s# 






/ 



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II B 2 b 
II A 3 o 



JEV/ISB -f 



^— «* 



The Refora Mvooate . Vol* 75» p. 406, Wk* of May I2t 1928# ':^ 

o 

» v. -" 

At a moeting recently held at the Jewish People Institute a new organization v; 
was formed to be known as the Jewish .Ibis eum Association of Chioago« Its cdm J^ 
is to oreate in Chicago a Jewish art center which shall have the following 
departments: (1) A gallery for paintings and sculptures of Jewish artistSt 
(2) A library of graphics^ for impressions of etchings and wood-cuts of 
Jewish engravers, (3) An art libraryt for books cmd resecurch material on 
Jewish art and artists, (4) A museum of antiquities to contcdn treasures 
of the Synagogue # 

Ur« Todras Oeller, the well known Jewish artist, was elected acting director 
of the newly formed association* 



II B 2 1) 



j£y;iSH 



Dally Jewish Courier. J^rll 8, 1909. 
GREAT E3CHIBITI0N AT THE HEBREHT INSTITUTE 

Mr* Harry Lipsky V/ants to Acquaint the Jewish Publlo 
of Chicago with the Riohes card Life of a 
Large Area of the United States 

ALL ARE EXPECTED 



WPA (iil.) PROJ. 30275 



To aoquednt the Jewish masses of this city with the development of oommerce 
and industry of the West, and to show the steps one must take in order to 
work oneself up, is the last plan to be carried out at the Hebrew Institute* 
The creator of this plan is Mr« Harry Ilpsky, the associated superintendent 
of the institution* Mr* Upsky is arranging an exhibition for which he is 
gathering numerous pictures representing in graphic form the wealth of the 
various states in the Wast, and he will be t^tere to explain to the visitors 
the meaning of these pictures* 



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II B 2 b . 2 . JB';iSH 

Daily Jewish Courier . April 8t 1909. '^^^ OIL) PROi,3027i 

In this undertaking Mr* Llpsky received the cooperation of the large 
publishing housest most of the railroad compeoiiest mine ownerst manu* 
faoturers, and farmer Sy cuKi from all those who have been olosely connected 
with the rapid growth of the wealthy regions in the country* 

Most of the pictures, and valuable materials linked with them, necessary 
to make this exhibition a success, have already been collected by Mr* 
Lipsky, and in several days an announcement will be made when the opening 
will take place* 

Ihe esdiibition at the Hebrew Institute will be called: "Industrial etnd 
Educational l&iseum*" Ihrough the pictures, maps, and literary works which 
are being gathered for this occasion, each visitor will get some idea of 
the activities and life of the Americans in the West, as well as to get a 
glimpse into the lives of those who live in the new states of Texas, 
Oklahoma, Colorado, Wyoming, Idaho, and Monteuia* The visitor will be shown, 
among other things, the development of various Industries, such as horti- 
culture, sugar plantations, cattle raising and modern farming* 



II B 2 b 



JsinsH 



Dally Jewish Courier^ April 8, 1909. ^p^ /jj^j^^ pop. ^^ 



"To Jews, especially, this exhibition should be of great Interest," Mr* 
Llpsky explained to a reporter of the Jewish Courier • "This should par- 
ticularly be of Interest to our newly Immigrated brethren* The main 
purpose Is to draw the attention of the public to the life and activities 
that go on In the far and wide regions of the V/est, and the opportunities 
one can get by going away from the large and densely populated Merlcan 
cities, and to look for a place to settle where the opportunities for 
betterment are much brighter*" 

Mr* Llpsky think^i that this exhibition would do much good for the Jewish 
masses, and he hopes that it would be visited by all Jews in Chicago* 



II • CONTRIBUTIONS 
AND ACTIVITIES 

B. Avocational and Intellectual 
Z. Intellectual 

c* Scientific and Historical 
Societies 




^ 



Ml 



ttMM 



II B 2 c 
IV 

III B 1 



JEWISH 



"■> 



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The Jewish Charities Minutes, Januraiy 26, 1931 



r 
I 



At the meeting of the Board, Mr. Becker spole on the work of the V, 
Jewish Telegraphic Agency and its importance to world and American Jewry. He -j 
then introduced Mr. Jexsob Landau, representative of the J. T. A. who presented 
the work of the Agency in covering throughout the world news of importsnce to 
the Jews, 

Not only has the Associated Press and the Reuter Agency unqualifiedly ac- 
cepted and paid for the news items which the Agency furnished them, but the ac- 
tive distribution of such news has "been a protective force to the Jewish com- 
munities of Eastern Europe. 

He stated that the Agency had a gross "budget of some $250,000 against 
which it had an internal income of $125,000 leaving a deficit of about $125,000 
which had to be made up by contributions. MeB8rs. Felix and Paul Warburg . 
Mortimer L. Schiff and Julius Rosenwald among others had for a number of years 
generously contributed to the Agency. The American Jew! sh Committee ha.d inves- 
tigated the conduct of its affairs very thoroughly and was so convinced of the 



Page 2 

II B 2 ( 
IV 

III B 1 



JEWISH 

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importance of the Agency to Jewry that it had departed from its previous \^ 
practice and had endorsed and sponsored a fund raisir.g campaign for the Agen- \3 
cy at a time when the Committee itself was in great need of fund?;. 

Mr. Becker then emphasized the fact that the Chicago Community had not 
been doing its share in regard to the Agency and other national organizations 
and that it was the duty of the Board to see that ChiCr'^go participated end contri- 
buted its proper share to all such national ajid international activities. 

Messrs Kline and Wormser pointed out that the problem c^n only he solved 
"by creating a fund for this purpose. The Executive Director remarked that 
such a fund was in contemplation as soon as conditions permitted. 






II 3 






■ ■ ■ ■ J- 



Throu/;;:^ the courtesy of David K* Jackson, president of the Lincoln Park Coin- 
riiissioners, arran-^^ments are no\7 under v/ay to make this historiCcil event a 
nost menorahle one in the annals of the Jcvs of Chicago^ 



C-overnor Len Small will he the guest of ^>onor and Senator John Dailey of 
Peoria, an authority on Illinois' early history, will make the principal 
address • 



The C hica, ^-o Je"^'ish Chronicle, ^<. -.f 3ept. ir>, 19??, Yol. 11, ::.l, ^ 
^ 



r> 






On Sunday Cctoher 3, Chicf^^o Day, the iJerz of Chicago and particularly the 
menherc of the Je-^rish Historical Society of Illinois and their fairiilies v/ill 
colehrate the dedication of a memorial t'^hlet in Lincoln Park, markin.^ the <5 
location of the fir?t Je^7ish cemetery in Illinois and the entire ITcrth^vest 
in 1347, Sir^hty years b{:o a group of men "brought from the city a. tract of 
land, which is novr Lincoln Park, for !i^'40.C3 and converted it into a Beth 
Halr/orath, It v;as the first corpor-te act of the Jews of Chicago, acting 
in unison for the entire Jewish comim.Tnity, small as it was. 



4s 



-"^ 






II B 2 o 



jh::ish 



The Chio^^'-^-o Chroniole, Volume 5» Vfeek of June 22, 1923, Page 1. 

Of the research v^ork of the Jev/ish ^Tistorical Society there seems to 
be no end. The staff of the Society has been busy going over the original 
records, m'any of v;hioh have not seen the light of day for seventy-five 
years • 

Thousands of questionnaires h. ve been mailed out to men and women of 
Chio^'tgo, who have helped to make history. The r^^sults have been more 
than gratifying, and after a complete check of all the material, the book 
will be ready for press* 

Those v/ho have been privilegea to see the manuscript and the illustrations 
are uneuiimous in asserting that not only will it be an inspiration for 
the present generation, but vdll be a guiding light for many generations 
to oome* 



^ 11 B 2^c 

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III B 2 



JEWISH 



Th9 Rftform Advocate . Volt65#Wk#of Peb.3,1923— P*13 



•^ 

-u 



The American Society for the Advancement of the Hebrew University 
will hold an open meeting on February 4th • This society Is 
unique In that Its membership Is limited to professional people 
and university graduate s« It Is In the final process of 
organization and the next meeting will witness the election of 
permanent officers* 



CO 

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II B 2 JEWISH 

III H 

Dally Jewish Courier ^ Jan^ 30, 1923* 

AMERICAN SOCIBTT FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF THE HEBREW UNIVERSITT 

(In English) 

A elub composed of Jewish professional people has been organized recently In 
the Interests of the Hebrew University In Palestine* The formation of such 
a club seems to be very timely Just now to Judge by the response which has 
been evoked at the various meetings already held* The club fills a distinct 
place In the coomunlty* Since there are, no doubt ^ a great many idio have 
been eagerly awaiting the formation of Just such an organization, an open 
meeting has been planned for next Sunday* A social hour will follow the 
meeting* A cordial Invitation Is extended to €dl Interested to come Sunday x}^ 
evening, February 4th, at Stelnway Hall* /Editor* s note: This article Is In ^^ 
English originally* It has not been edited In the usual mannerj»7* 






>i 












II B 2 c JEWISH 

II B 2 d (3) 

IV Daily Jewish Courier , Mar. 3, 1922. 

ANNUAL LEETING OF THE 

JE1,VISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

A GREAT SUCCESS 

The annual meeting of the Jewish Historical Society of Illinois took place 

last night in the Rose Room of the Morrison Hotel. Approximately one hun- ^ 

dred and fifty of the most prominent Jews of Chicago were present* A fish ^ 

dinner was served, Alexander Akimoff , of the Petrograd Opera House, sang f^ 

some operatic arias and some Jewish folk songs. He has a powerful but >I7 

sweet voice and he made a hit. He was accompanied by Miss Miriam Firstenberg, ^ 

the celebrated pianist. Stereopticon pictures were then shown of the ^ 

development of Chicago and the part the jews had played in it; the explana- ^ 
tions were given by Professor A. A. Friedlander. 



ho 



The speakers were: Judge Harry M. Fisher, Jacob M. Loeb, James Davis, 

M. E. Greenebaum, B. Horwich, and Nathan D. Kaplan. S. J. Rosenblatt was 

chairman. 

In speaking of the purpose of the gathering, Mr. Rosenblatt pointed out the 



II B 2 c - 2 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (3) 

IV Daily Jewish Courier , Mar* 3, 1922, 

difficult work that had been done during the past five years by Mr. H. L. Meites 
to gather material for the history of the Jews in this state, Mr. Rosenblatt 
declared that every Jew would be privileged to own the book that is soon to 
be published. Those present showed their great interest in this enterprise ^ 
by subscribing for the forthcoming book. g 



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II B 2 c JSYISH 

II B 2 d (3) 

III F Dally Jewish Courier. Feb. 17, 1922. 
17 

S. J. ROSENBLATT SL^ilCTED PRESIDENT 
OF THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

At the offices of Mr. S. J. Rosenblatt, in the First National Bank Building, 
a meeting of the members of the Jewish Historical Society of Illinois was held. 
The following were elected officers: S. J. Rosenblatt, president, Jacob M. 
Loeb, vice-president. Judge Harry Fisher, vice-president, H. L. I'eites, record- 
ing secretary, LI. N. Reisenard, financial secretary, M. E. Greenebaum, treasurer, g 

CO 

The group decided to undertake at once the issuance of The History of The Jews g 
in Chicago , in honor of the seventy-fifth anniversary of the first Jewish c^^ 
settlement in Chicago. The first Jewish public prayers in Chicago took place 
on the High Holidays, seventy- five years ago. This event will be commemorated 
with appropriate ceremonies this year. 

On Thursday night, March 2, a dinner will be given at the Morrison Hotel, the 
purpose of viiich is to awake the interest of men and women who are active in 






II B 2 c - 2 - JS^nSE 



II B 2 d (3) 

III F Daily Jewish Courier , Feb. 17, 1922. 
17 

social work, and to induce them to become members of the Historical Society. 
After dinner, a lecture will be delivered with the aid of stereopticon pictures, 
which will show the accomplishments of Jews in the development of Chicago* 



:x3 



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JEWI SH 



I 



3^ 



The ChiCFF^o Chro nicle, W^c. of February I7, I9??. Vol.'^jp.l. :i 

v" 

'-a 

The Jewish Historicpl Society of Illinoi? met Pt the office of S. J. Rosen- i^ 

hlntt pnd elected the follo^^dn^^ officers; President, S, J. Rosenhlptt; Vice- 
President, J^coh. v.. Loeh; Vice-President, Jud^e Hprry Iv.:, Fisher; Recordin^p: "^ 
Secretary, H. L. K.eites; Financi?! Secretary, lieyer Rosengprd; Treasurer, !,', I5r» 
E. Greenebpum, 

The first efforts of the or,?;.'»ni?rtion rill be to launch a camrjai;*^ for members 
to the Historical Society and to publish "The Histor;v^ of the Jews of Illinois," 
which is being com;iiiled for a number of years and is now nearin^ coirpiletion. 



/ 



II B 2 c JEmSR 

IV 

Daily Jev/ish Coiirier ^ Nov. 5, 1920. 

LELAMED BNAI YEHDDAH 

"Lelamed Bnai Yehudah" is the nane of a new Jewish organization on the West 
Side, vdiose aim is to study Jewish history throughout the centuries of Jewish 
suffering* This organization was foxinded by Rabbi Isaac Kaplan of Congregation 
Agudath Jacob Anshe Kroz, emd is sponsored by the Adas Bnai Israel, an organi- 
zation founded eight years ago to foster observance of the Sabbath. Meetings g 
are held every Tuesday evening at the Congregation Agudath Jacob on West 15th "" 
Street and South Homan Avenue, \*iere part of the evening is to be spent in group g 
study of Jewish history^ A speaker ?rill conclude the evening's program with an c^ 
address on some Jewish question or topic. 

Large public meetings will be held November 14, 28, and December 12, 1920, in 
order to acquaint the Jewish people with the purpose of the organization. 
Rabbis S. Grlick, Isaac Kaplan, A. Cardon, A. Fraum, and M. Fineberg have promised 
to help the organization. The charter is still open and all ?4io are interested 
are v/elcoide to join. 



-T3 



II B 2 c JE17ISH 

IV 

Daily Jev/ish Courier > liay 15, 1918. 

PROLIINSriT JEWS ELECTED TO TIIE EXECUTIVE BOARD 

OF HISTORIC/O. SOCIETY 

More than three hundred of the most prominent Jews of Chicago came to the 
meeting at Sinai Center yesterday, and heard the report of the special 
committee on bylaws for the new Jewish Historical Society of Illinois. 
After the report, members of the Executive Board were elected. This board 
will consist of thirty- three members, twenty-four of whom will be from 
Chicago and nine from the rest of the state. 

The Chicago and Cook County members are: IJrs. Benjamin Davis, J. Davis, 
E. B. Felsenthal, Oscar Foreman, Henry L. Frank, M. P. Ginsburg, M. E. 
Greenebaum, Dr. Emil G. Hirsch, Nathan D. Kaplan, Llax Klee, Adolph Krause, 
Sidney Loeb, Julian \h Llack, H. L. IJaites, Lessing Rosenthal, Julius 
Rosenwald, Philip Seraan, Samuel Philipson, Llax Shulman, Edward Selz, 
Rabbi S. Silber, Dr. Joseph Stolz, Llrs. Julius Stone, and Dr. A. B. 
Yudelson. Next Monday the Executive Board will hold its first meeting 
and elect officers. 




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Daily Jewish Courier . May 15, 1918, 



JEV/ISE 



Dr. Emil G. Hirsch addressed the gathering on the importance of history. 




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IV Daily Jewish Courier , Apr. 30, 1918 • 

PiSliUEOT JSTJISH HISTORICAL SOCIETY IS BEING 

FOUNDED IN CHICAGO TODAY 

This evening a permanent Jewish Historical Society will be foiinded, which v/ill 
contribute to the century jubilee of our state a printed report of the accomplish- 
ments of Jews to the success of the State of Illinois in these fev/ generations. 

The meeting will be held at eight o'clock in the evening at the Chicago Historical 
Society Building, Dearborn and Ontario Streets. For the benefit of those present, 
the rich museum of the Society will be open from seven until ten-thirty, enabling 
everybody to view the eintiques and valuable articles v;hich are to be found there. 

Dr. Otto L. Schmidt, president of the Illinois Centennial Commission and Vice- 
president of the Chicago Historical Society will address the meeting on the very 
interesting theme: "The Jewish Pioneers '.Thom I Knew." 

The xvell-known Jewish banker, M. S. Greenebaum, has agreed that his father. 







' II B 2 c - 2 - JS^YISH 

' III F 

IV Daily Jewish Courier , Apr* 30, 1918. 

Elias Greenebaum, the oldest Jew in Illinois, should be the honorary president 
of the Jewish Historical Society, which will be founded this evening. !ar. 
Elias Greenebaum is ninety-five years old. 

All those who are interested in Je?:ish history in general, and the history of 
Jews of Illinois in particular, are invited to the meeting. 



»- •» 




II B 2 c JEWISH 

II B 1 c (3) 

II B 2 d (3) Dally Jewish Coiirler. Apr> 18, 1918. 

Hi F 

IlLJLNOiS CELEBRA.TES lODAY IIS HUNDREDTH BIRTHDAY 

One hundred years ago today, our State of Illinois was Incoirporated In the 
United States and this reunion will be celebrated with great pomp and splendor^ 

The holiday began yesterday at Springfield, the capital of the State, and will 
be continued a few days later in Chicago* 

Mr. Hyman L. Meltes of the Jewish Historical Society of Illinois was Invited 
to this celebration* He left yesterday for Springfield* 

The Jewish Historical Society will publish for this occasion~the Staters 
century jubilee-- a great work about the part played by Jews in the establish- 
ment, development, and growth of the State of Illinois* This work will be the 
most colossal and complete ever published by Jews, as well as a beautiful con- 
tribution for the great holiday* 

Friday evening, a great holiday meeting will be held, and a lecture given about 



lll^ "^ ,^v - 2 - JEWISM 
II B 1 c (3) 

II B 2 d (3) Dally Jewish Courier^ Apr. 18, 1918# 



III P 




the history of Illinois on the premises of the local Historicaio ' "^ '^' 
Society* \^ 






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w 



The Sentinelt Volumes 27-28; Teek of December 14, 1917. Page 6. o 

At a meeting held last week in the Sherman Hotel, H« L« Meites, secretary (^;^' 
of the Jewish Historical Society of IllinoiSf artnounced that the society will 
dedicate a tablet upon the site where the first Minyan was held in Chicago 
on Yom Kippur, 1845» 






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JEWISH 



#'•.. 



The Sentinel , Wk. of August 20, 1915* Vols. 19-20, p.2. '^^ 

The Chicago Professions^. Men's Jewish League, consisting of 100 Jewish 
doctors, dentists and druggists, was organized last week. The hody will 
be a unit of the National Jewish Congress, an organization which will 
attempt to participate in the peace conference of European nations at the 
close of the war. Dr. ^yman Cohen is chairman of the League and the tem- 
porary committee includes Dr. Louis J. Pritzker, Dr. George Halperin and 
Dr. Henry Trankel. 



II Ba 

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•^_ 



The Sentinel . Vol. 15-16, Vrk. of Oct* 30, 1914, p. 2. <P^ 



At the Mississippi River Valley Medioal Association conference in Gin- \p 
oinnati last week, Dr« Gustave Kolesoher of the Michael Reese Hospital r3 
staff exhibited four patients who had been clinically cured of cancer ^ 
and v^ose cases at first had been regarded as hopeless* This was the 
first announcement of the success of Dr« Kolescher's treatment made to 
the public. It is the opinion of Dr. G, L» Perusse, superintendent of 
Michael Reese* that almost any case of incipient cancer ceoi be stopped. 



/ 



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IV 



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The Heforir. Advocate . Vol. 38, ?/k. of Aug. 2r?, I309. p.3f. % 






Chicago Is to have an institution for medical research si^nilar to the 
one founded in N. Y, hy Joh^n D. Rockefeller. The nev/ institute is the ^^ 
gift of Mrs. Kelson Morris and the sun of $250,000, which is needed for 
the erection and complete furnishings of the hospital, has heen donated 
"by y.er as a me^iorial to her hushand. It V7ill he knov/n as the Nelson Mor- 
ris Memorial Institute of Medical Research and will "be connected rith the 
Michael Reese Hosriital. 

The plans for the nev "building., which are heing drawn ty Richard S. Schmidt, 

will he rer.d^^ for Mrs. Morris' inspection the latter part of Sept. Work 

will hegin as soon as these plajns are approved. It is hoped the Institute 

will he ready for occupency hy next Spring. 

The buildings will he constructed according to the ideas of Dr. Jairies W. 
Johling, chief pathologist of Michael Reese Hospital endi iintil recently 
pathologist at the Rockefeller Institute. 






■^^^W:^-^^:^ The Sentlnelt Volumes 15-16; Week of October 9, 1914^ Page Z. ^ ^^,^1 



"•-^. 






^e Zeta Mu Phi Ifedioal Fraternltyt whioh is how meeting at the Hebrew In- ^ 
8titute«ha8 recently affiliated with the AlejAi Tod He Fraternity* The former^ 



Wi^-^^'^^^'-'^^^^^^G^^^^^ in Chicago about six years agOf aUd now has chapters in all the 









leading medical colleges of the country • Its aim is the stimulation of intere^ 
in the solution of Jewish problems among medical students euid physicians^^ #^ 



-i» r > 






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V The local chapter of the Zeta Mu Phi is now working on a proposition to amal- 
gamate all the Jewish fraternitiest medical and non-medicaly in the world* 
J According to Dr« Max Kerny originator of the idea, the purpose of the more- i 
r ment is to form one strong federation with a common object^^the elevation 
; of the standard of Jewish students* 

Plans are now on foot for the publication of a magjizine to be known as the 
Zeta Mu Phi Heralds which is to be strictly Jewish in nature* 






^^->-v.^.-..i2?v^^=:^ 



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Mong the leaders in the federation movement, in addition to Dr# Eernt cu*e 
Dr« Benjamin H. Breakstone and Carroll A* Teller* > "' ^ 



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II B 2 c 



JEwTISH 



-t? 



The Reform Advocate , \^. of Dec. 2, 1893* p. 256* 






The Jdwish Culture Association of Chicago is the name of a new organiza- ^ 
tion for the purpose of promoting a better knowledge of Jewish history and lit- 
erature* The Association meets every Monday evening at the B^nai Abraham Tern- 
ple» 







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II. COHTRIBUTIONS 
AND ACTIVITIES 

B. Avocational and Intellectiial 
Z. Intellectual 
d. Publications 
(1) Newspapers 










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II B 2 d CU JSWISH'^^ 

The Reform Advocrte, September 12, 1 ^1. Vol. ^2, T5.I53. ^. 

(!? 

On Saturday, Fe"brupry U, 1911» The Sentinel mPde itp> anr»eprrjice in Jewish "^. 
Chicago. Louis Berlin and Ahrf^haTn L. ^e^ber ?'ere puhli^^her?. and they promised ^^. 
a wee^rly journal devoted to Je^vish interest. On its first ^^ppearance it con- *^ 
tained the followin^^ arinouncerient : "We intend to puhlish for an intelligent 
JeT'ish public, a Jetvish newsraper devoted to its interests, ?rithout re/rard to 
the particul'^r class to v^hich the reader may helonr^. In loroirdsin/T that we shall 
discuss many Jerish questions, we Y^^^^ in mind that this term is hroad enough 
to include questions rela.tin^ to Jev^s reformed and orthodox, or the Jews, who 
have equal resrect for hoth and all classes. The fact remains that however 
differentiated amon^?; them.selves they may he, Jews have majiy interests in common, 
aJid the chief events affectin,^ one class affect no less the others," 



II B 2 d (1 ) 



JE?;iSH 



The Reform Advocr'te , September 12, I93I, Vol. 82, p. 152. 
ANftLO- JEWISH PUBLICATIONS. 

In the early eighties, Chicago Jewry was hlessed with five puhlicptions in 
English, and one or two in German, I'lost of them were "weeklies," "but "weaklings" 
in hody and spirit. The only two which survived to the perioa v^here iny story 
"begins were the Occident and the Israelite and soon the Occident too, passed into 
oblivion. 

The Occident went out of existence quietly and no one felt its loss. No o"bituary 
was written aJid no lamentrtion was chajated. Thus the oldest Jewish publication 
in English, at the T>resent tiir.e, is the Chicp^frp Israelite , It was founded in 
188^, and was the lepp-tirriate offspring of the American Israelite , founded "by 
Dr, Isaac Mayer Wise and originally'' published in Cincinnati, ?or maJiy years the 
publication was mensf^ed. and edited 'by Leo V'ise, who wrote under the pseudonym of 
"Nickerdom," and who was the son of Dr, Isaac I'ayer Wise, A'bout fifteen years 
ago, the capable Miss Iv'ollie OshermaJi acquired owner shir; of the paper and since 
then has been in managing editor and publisher. 



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The Heform Advocate, June 13, 1931« ^ 



^'^ 



The Grrowth of Jewish Chicago. 

Forty-Two Years' Recollections* ?jr Philip P* Bregstone. "^-^^ 



WIELDSRS OF THE PEN. 

To the uninitiated it may he surprising to learn that a Yiddish newspaperman 
requires a hroader education than r, newspaper writer in any other language. 
He must know Yiddish, the language in which he writes; tc have a thorough 
knowledge of Yiddish he must know Hehrew, It is essential that he speak the 
tongue of the country in which he resides and those of Russia and Poland, 
since the heart of Jewry lies in those two countries. It is therefore no 
exaggeration to say that the average Yiddish reporter is "by far superior in 
intelligence, education, and general information, to the average writer on any 
other newspaper. 

The anry of writers who now wield the pen for the two Chicago Yiddish dailies, 
the Courier and the Forward , are all seasoned men who display extraordinary 
skill in all departments. Besides Zolotkoff , Melamed, and Loehner, we find 



'> 



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iT 



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r \ 

V 

The Reform Advocate, Jime I3, 1931» 






on the editorial staff of the Courier , Dr. A» M. Margolin, who for the past \^ 
twenty-three years has been demonstrating his ability in every field of journal—f^^ 
istic and literary endeavor. He abandoned a medical career that he might take ^^ 
to the pen. Dr. Margolin was bom in Bobruisk, province of Minsk Russia, on 
May 5t ISSU* He comes of a family where wealth, culture, and Jewish scholar- 
ship abide in close harmony. After he completed a general course of Jewish 
education in a Cheder and Yeshivath, at the age of sixteen, he wandered out to 
Plotzk. There he made his home with a relative, A. J. Papirna, one of the 
first neo-Hebraic publicists and critics. P^irna prepared Margolin for the 
seventh class gymnasium. In May 1905t he graduated with honors. His inten- 
tions were to enter the University of Warsaw and major in mathematics, but the 
political disturbances of the students at that particular period caused him 
to change his mind and instead he entered the medical school of the Berlin 
University. Pour years later he commenced the practice of medicine and for 
two years he was house doctor in the clinic of Dr. Schwarts, in Karlsbad. 
In 191^* he came to London, England, and for three months he was connected with 
a German hospital, until the outbreak of the war. His experience as a Russian 
subject residing in England and being a conscientious objector as a matter of 



II B 2 d (1 ) - 3 - .TEWISH 

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The Reform Advocate ^ June I3, 1931» 






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principle is very interesting. His lot was thrown together with men of the ^ 
type of Tchicherin, now Minister of Foreign Affairs for the Soviet Government, 
hut then a political refugee in London, In 1917» Dr. Margolin was arrested a 
on charges of preaching pacifism, but a week later wa.s discharged and he emi- 
grated to New York; six months after his arrival in New York, in Octoher of the 
seme year, he cajne to Chicago to join the editorial staff of the Courier where 
he has heen ever since, Dr, Margolin "began his first endeavor in the field of 
journalism in 1903f hy contributing to Hebrew and Hussian publications. His 
first Yiddish attempts appeared in the Warsaw Yolkszeitung of the same year. 
Since then he has contributed to almost every leading Yiddish newspaper and 
magazine published in Europe, He translated Henrj^ Bernstein^ s drama, "Samson" 
from French into Yiddish, He writes well in every branch of journalism and 
literature; essays on social, political, moral, and esthetic subjects, humor, 
poetry, and historical sketches, but his principal field is criticism and re- 
views of the drama. In 1911» he married Clara Bleichman, a well-known dramatic 
star on the Yiddish stage. Besides the daily articles in the Courier, and his 
work as Chicago correspondent for the New York Day , he is engaged in gathering 
material for a history of the Yiddish Theater and I know no writer who is as 
fit for the task as Dr, Margolin, His review of a Yiddish drama reminds one 



II B 2 d (1 ) - U • JEWISH 

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The Reform Advocate , June I3, 1931# 

of a review by James Gi"bleous Honeker of one of Ibsen's dramas. He is all em- 
bracing. 

Solomon Greenblau has been on the Cour i e r staff for the past twelve years. He 
was born in I876, in a small town in Lithuania. He attended Cheder and later 
graduated from the City Normal School of Jacobstadt, Courland. He prepared 
himself for the Gymnasium and successfully passed the entrance examination, 
but was refused admittance because of the "numerus clausus." He went to War- 
saw and became a bookkeeper and later engaged in business for himself. In 
I90U, he emigrated to London and for the first time tried his hand at journal- 
ism. He worked on several London Yiddish newspapers. In 1909* he came to 
Chicago and began to write for the Yiddishe Prebse| the daily published by 
Liebling. Shortly afterwards he became city editor of the Jewish Labor World ; 
when this publication merged with the Jewish Forward , Greenblau joined the 
staff of the Jewish Courier . He writes in an essayistic style and has pro- 
duced many short stories, monographs of historic men and women and biographi- 
cal sketches of many literary characters. 

Morris Indritz is one of the younger writers. He was born July I5, IS90, in 
Courland, Hussia, now the Republic of Latvia. He descended from a Chassidic 



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v 



The Refor-n Advocate , June I3, 193-'-* C 



,» 



family and it is obvious from his writings that he journeyed to the '•Rahhi^ on G 
many occasions, in the company of his father, Naphtoly Indritz, when Morris was \^, 
still a youngster. The mystic soul wliich comes to him as a heritage, has ah- "^^ 
sorhed the spirit of modernism, "blending harmoniously into a marvelous "background 
for his fluent and docile pen. His daily stories of Chassidic life which ap- 
pear in the Courier, and the interesting voltune which he had published some 
four years ago, under the title "In the Tents of H. B. D," in which he gathered 
the many legends and stories woven ahout the lives of the "Miracle Makers" are 
told in a splendid style, with a fine ima^nation, sincere sympathy, and much 
gusto. These stories find a large and appreciative reading public. 

The finest work tendered by Kalmen Marmor in the literary field was done while 
he was a resident of Chicago, for here he was removed from the New York "Kibbit- 
zarnies," the influence of which was hardly conducive to the best results of a 
genius of his type. Marmor is a man of vast learning and great erudition; an 
independent thinker, a dreamer of the highest type, possessing a rare imagina- 
tion and a keen vision which penetrates the veiled vistas and above all, he 
knows how to give expression to his thoughts and phrases them in a most delight- 
ful manner. When Marmor first came .to this country, Yehoash, the Yiddish poet, 
dedicated a poem to him. I^ appreciation for the poet and for the subject of 
his inspiration gave me sufficient courage to attempt to translate the poem. 



II B 2 d (1 ) - 6 - JEWISH 

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II B 2 d (3) 
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The Reform Advocate , June I3, 1931« 

from Yiddish into English. The title of the poem is "Dream on, Friendl" 

The comMnation of a scholarly and philosophical mind coupled with a fine poetic 
vision is a rarity in the world's literature* Manror is the happy possesr.or of 
"both; he is a thinker and a poet. His greatest fault is that he is too often 
carried away "by lofty ideals and becomes the propagandist and thus ceases to "be 
the artist, for the one is incompatible with the other. 

The editorial staff of the Forward is composed of Jacob Siegel, city editor; 
Morris Ziskind, labor editor; and Jonas %)ivak, Dr. Z. Lorber, M. Bogdansl^, 
Morris Tolchin, and Samuel Samd, who are all feature writers, and each in his 
own masterly way. The opportunities for a writer on the Forward , are more 
limited than are those of the Courier . The latter is regarded as being ex- 
tremely conservative in its editorial policy and caters to the most orthodox 
elements in Jewry, but every writer of the staff enjoys the fullest freedom to 
write on any subject he deems proper and in any manner that pleases him best. 
The Forward is ostensibly a Socialist publication and as such is presumed to 
be radical in its tendencies, and progressive in its policies, but its writers 
are denied the freedom granted to the members of the staff of the Courier . 
They are strictly disciplined and are forced to follow a certain policy, any 



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The Reform Advocate. June 13, I93I. 



«2 «: 



^ 

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1 



deviation from which meets with severe disapproval* This policy is highly- 
Justified for two reasons: A newspaper representing certain party principles, 
a philosophy of life and all that concerns the adjustment of a social order and 
an economic system must he uniform; it can tolerate no contradictions or vari- 
ance of opinions. The second reason for the necessity of uniformity and dis- 
cipline is that the main office of every Yiddish Forward in the United States 
is in New York and there is one editor-in-chief over all of them, in the per- 
son of Ah# Cahn, whose stainp must be home on every paper. No one excepting 
himself is permitted to review a book, a drama, or a work of art. It is obvious 
therefore that the members of the staff must content themselves with cramping 
limitations and restrictions. They are deprived of the opportunity to develop 
individuality, the foundation on which alone all art is built. And yet the 
staff of the Forward is composed of a group of writers, all of whom are highly 
talented and a few endowed with even more than that. Zislcind, Siegel, and Samd 
display a great capacity for real newspaper work and would be extremely useful 
on any daily American paper. 

Jonas Spivak possesses not only a fine talent for journalism, but he also mas- 
ters a splendid literary style and is blessed with a fine imagination. A 
volume from his pen, containing some very delightful and original sketches of 



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The Reform Advocate , June 13« 1931» 

Chassidic life is soon to come off the press. Knowing how vividly and with 
what poetic realism he portrays a sul^ject; and having "been privileged to have 
read some of the stories from his manuscrir)t, I am sure that this volume will 
find a great market among the readers of Yiddish. 

Dr. Z. Lorher is an essayist; he presents his subjects on ethics, social science, 
and political econoqy in a smooth flexible manner, easy to digest and compre- 
hensive, not too heavily overloaded with foreign words and phrases, as is usual- 
ly the custom with those writers who try to overawe their readers with their 
knowledge and erudition. He lays no great claims and makes no pretenses; he de- 
livers all he undertakes to give to his readers. 

M. Bogdansky may he placed in the same category; he too writes in pn essayistic 
style, hut often tries his hand in a lighter vein, not without success. 

Morris Tolchim is one of the younger writers and very modern in style. His 
mind runs towards all the novelle; the short story would he his real field. He 
loiows how to tell a story effectively and his tales are very realistic in form 
Slid, substance. All in all they are an able set of young men and every one of 
them is a '^social Socialist." 



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JEWISH 
The Reform Advocate, Febniary 21, 1931. Vol. 81, p.77» "? 



Leon Zolotkoff , who was arnong the first Yiddish journalists in America, is 
also widely regarded as one of its most eminent ones. Out of the forty-three 
years which hf. has spent in this land, he hss given at least forty to Chicago, 
The Courier was not the only medium through which he emitted the hrilliput 
sparks of his intellect. He was responsible for bringing many other Yiddish 
dailies and weeklies into being: The Yiddish Tageblatt , Die Yiddishe G-azetten 
vun die West , Per Yiddisher Call , and the Jewish Record , Of all these publica- 
tions, Zolotkoff was the first editor. Throughout his journalistic career he 
pursued the sajne policy which is characterized by a strong devotion to Jev/ish 
nationalism, a tendency to guide his readers to?;ards the higher and finer as- 
pects of life, and a tone of dignity v^xi^^ distinction. If we are to accept the 
American standard of journalism, Zolotkoff might not be caJled a journalist. 
His style is too fine and delicate, his imagination too strong, his humor too 
subtle, his metaphors are too nicely colored, there is too much flourish to his 
sentences, the whole is too finely polished, in short it is much too literary 
to be determined journalism. If I were to make comparisons, I can think of no 
other stylist than Lord Macaulay, with whom to liken Zolotkoff, the only differ- 
ence being that the latter perhaps gives less attention to polish and is not 






1 »- 

3 



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IV 



.4 



The Reform Advocate , Petruary 21, 1931, Vol. ^1, p. 77. 

quite as perfect a.s the Englishman, Besides, Zolotkoff is less the artist 
and more the idea.list. He is no space-filler, he writes only when he has 
something of importance to say, with the result that he produces a composi- 
tion whose meaning is unmistakably definite, complete, and incisive. 



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Hie Jewish Charitia« Minutes^ February 5, 1931 • ^ 






,^. 



♦>3 



At the meeting of the Executive Connittee of the United Drive, James H* '^ 
Becker presented a few facts with respect to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency* )j^ 



- .V 



The Agency was organized 10 years ago and consists of two distinct organi- 
zations, 1} The Jewish Daily Bulletin, published in this country and probably ' 
the best news medium for Jewish news from all parts of the world* 2) The Agency 
itself, which functions somewhat like the Associated Press in this country, the 
Reuter Agency in England and the Havas Agency in France* It has representatives 
gathering news in all important Jewish centers and sells it to newspaper services 
in this emd other countries* In this manner it obtains about half of its expenses* 



•:^jf 



The Agency started the year 1931 with a deficit of $30,000* Together with 
its 1931 needs is will be obliged to raise over $100,000* The Agency obtains 
money from individuals and from several community chests* Mr* Rosenwald gives 
$10,000 a year and the Schiff and Warburg families $25,000* 






^:^. .; vCr' \:.'> 



Page 2 

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IV 

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JEWISH 






The Jewish Charities Minutes ^ Feb. 5, 1931« 



The Agency is a powerful instrument for the Jews. This has been exempli-! 
fied by the situation in Rumania during the past few years. During the Palesti"- 
nian riots in 1929 it was of great service to Jewry in spreading quickly the ^\ 
actual facts. - 

There is a particular need for the news service of the Agency at the present 
time with anti-Semitism becoming so strong in Germany. The American Jewish 
Committee made a careful investigation of the conduct of the Agency, gave it its 
unqualified endorsement and stated that it was being efficiently conducted* 

These facts on the J. T. A. were followed by considerable discussion by mem- 
bers present. 

Mr. Davis remarked that the Reuter and Havas Agencies were subsidized by 
their governments. Although the Jews have no government , they must have their 
news service. The fine standard set up by the Agency is seen from the fact that 



Page 3 

n B 2 d (1) 

IV 

II D 1 

The Jewish Charities Minutes, Feb# 5, 1931 • 
the Associated Press accepts, without qualifications, its news items* 



JEWISH 









3 






Mr. Kline stated that the work of the Agency was more important now than - 
ever before with the anti-Saaitic agitation in Germany as well as in several of 
the eastern European countries • If Germany becomes definitely anti-Semitic it 
will affect unfavorably, Jewry throughout the entire world* In his opinion the 
Agency is more necessary, more important than any other request before the 
United Drive Committee* 

On a motion by S* I* Frank, seconded by Jeunes Davis, it ^ra.s unanimously 
voted that the sum of $7,500 be appropriated to the J* T. A. for the year 1931* 



■f^ 



JEWISH ^ 



^ 






II B 2 d (1 ) 

The Reform Advocate . Wk. of December lU, I929. "^ 

In ISS7, a few of the members of the Dorshe Sfath Ever were gathered in 

their library, A young man entered with the important news that Chicago was \ 

to have, at last, a Yiddish newspaper of its own. 

Peter Wiemick was to edit this daily paper, together with Leon Zolotkoff , 
Paris correspondent of the Rgasky Evrey (The Russian Jew), a Hassian weekly* 
Mr, Zolotkoff arrived in Chicago a few days later, and shortly after his 
arrival, the Daily Jewish Courier was horn. 

Leon Zolotkoff • 8 presence in Chicago contributed much to the spiritual life 
of our Jewish population. His influence was great and he became the mouth- 
piece of the (rhetto Jews. 

Prom "The Growth of Jewish Chicago" by Philip P. Bregstone. 



II B 2 d (l) 
IV 



JET-YI SH 



THE REFORM ADVOCATS . Volume 70; ',Veek of January 9, 1926 

Page 704 






The Chicago Daily News has been sold to //alter A, Strong for 
$15,000,000. Among those associated with Mr* Strong in the new ovm- 
ershlp are Julius Rosenwaid and several other co-religionists* 



<> 









% 



4 



II B 2 d (1) 
I E 



The Daily Je-..ish Forv.-urd. January 1, 1929 • 



jri3H 



^^^'0^.')mi3m^. 



EDITORIAL 



TEN YEaRS of the FCR^aRD IN CHia.GO. 



Ten years ago today the Fonv-rd, came to Chicago. It v/as in the year of 
1913, v/hen the members of the Fon-A^rd Association grented the request 
of jhe Chicago Socialists and labor novementi to come to Chicago and 
esti-blish a plant here and publish the daily Fjorward, in the same manner 
and the sam.e form as the Fonvard is being published in Hew York* 

The first issue of the Chicago Fjorv^rd appeared January 1, l/19f Q-nd that 
day was transformed into a great folk celebrw^tion, ixirticipo.ted in not 
only by Chicago's labor movement, but by all oisher Jev/ish organizations 
to v/hom the Fonv^ rd \;as the great and powerful people's newspaper, and 
who already for the last twenty years, has been the most significant 
factor in their spiritual and cultural life* 



II B 2 d (1) - 2 - JgriSH 

I E — — 

WPA(iLu.)^HOJ. 30275 

The Daily 'Jewish Forv/urd, January 1, 1929* 

The coming of the Fonvard to Chicago ten years ago marked a nev/ epoch 
in the social life of the Jev/s in the luiddle 'Test* 

Publishing the Forvrjrd in Chicago which is the center point between the 
East and "est, me.de it possible for such Jevvlsh centers as Detroit, l:il- 
v/aukee, Cleveland and ot« Louis to receive the Forward the same day, with 
all their important local news and occurences of the day. 

Therefore, this day the tenth anniversary of the Forward in Chicago is 
a jubilee not only for Chicago, but for the Jewish masses in the I.Iiddle 
V.'est, and especially organized labor in the Je\;ish centers of the "'est. 

And just because of its interest in the labor movement in the various 
parts of the est and Liddle '.'est, the Forv/ard was inveigled in to in- 
stalling another plant in Chicago v/ith a line of special editions for 
the Various cities in che V.'est* V.'ith this step the Fonmrd had no profits 



II B 2 d (1) 

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The Daily Jev/ish Ponvard . January 1, 1929, 



JE-:iSK 



WPA(iLL)PROj.?Q275 



in mind whatsoever, as at that time the ^''orvruvd was too financidly strong 
and pa»7erful, to consider this undertaking of publishing the Poniard 

of increased income* 



in Chicago a source 



And v/hat is more, that time in 1919 1 wi- s the most unf vorable time for 
such a great undertaking, this \ms a year -.fter the World War, had ended^ 
The entire country awaited an economic crisis, which came soon enough and 
hit with such pov/ers that it \ms felt in 1920, and 1921 - so, that from 
a natural business viev/point, it did not pay the Forward to make such an 
expensive move» 



n B 2 d (1) 



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I E 



The Daily Jewish Forv/ard« January 1, 1929 



JEWISH 



WPA (iLL.)?KGj.:iu2;5 



But on this, depended the need of serving in the best mr^nner, a great 
part of the labor movenent throughout the country, and the comrades of 
New York at that time demonstrated the true i::iocialiGtic spirit. They 
took it for granted that if Chicago and the Lliddle '/'est must have the 
Porvvardt in order to strengthen the Jev/ish labor movement, then there v/as 
no question of hov/- much such a move will cost# If the Jev/ish unions of 
Chica;_,o, and the '.'est, will gain, in the 'Workmen's Circle, will, by this 
move, become stronger and more powerful, if all the other parts of the 
Jewish social life in the Vest v/ill start blooming, then that alone, is 
the greatest impetus for the Forv.'ard to take this step* 



At the present celebration of the tenth anniversary of the Ponmrd of 
Chicago we can proudly say that the step we took ten years ago has pro- 
vided a great success according to all indications* 



II B 2 d (1) - 5 - Jg-ISH 

I E 

The Daily Jev/lsh Forward . January 1,1929. WPA (iLl.) PROJ, 3u2?t 

The Fonvs'.rd has for the last three years been in their ovm beautiful and 
magnificent home that stands out like u bright st:r in the heart of Chicago's 
Jevdsh center. The i.achinery set-jin?^ and printing the Forward is the last 
word in modern presses. 

The people engaged in all departments, fro^ the girl at the sv/itchboard 
to the manager, are all loyal and devoted to the ?onv£.rd and feel as 
members of one l^.-.rge family. The home of the Chicago _?orward is in the 
center of all branches of the Chicago l<:-.bor movement that are organically 
connected with the i*'orwc.rd# 

Today, the first day of the new year, let tht t be the begin; i ng of a new 
and peaceful life, let the new year bring more luck and peace into the 
world and a more fortunate life for those v:ho create all the v/ealth in 
the '..orld» 



II B 2 d (1) 

I E 



• 6 - 



The Daily Jewish Forv/sird t January 1, 1929 



Ji:^i.3H 



WFA (ILj tm 31.275 



The nev; ye^r shall awaken, in the workers of America, their ne^^dy political 
consciousness and lead then to a great victory in their strug le for a 
better life. 



Stronger and mi^jhtier may become the labor movement of -nmerica* 



II B 2 d (1) JEr;iSH 

The Jewish Dally Forward . April 12, 1928. \»'PA (ill.) :Hii. 102/: 

THE CHICAGO FORV/ARD DETERMINED TO CONTRIBUTE TO THE FOLLaviNG ^/iTORKERS 

AND CHARITY INSTITUTIONS. 

The Forv/ard distributes a certain sum of money each year to workers 
and charity institutions* 

The following sums are distributed this year to the follo\7ing bodies:: 

The Jewish Socialist Alliance $5Q0 

United Hebrew Trades 500 

/:orkmen»s Circle Schools 500 

Cook County Socialist Party 350 

Meyer London League 300 



II B 2 d (1) - 2 . ^SIISH 

The Dally Jev/ish Fonvard. April 12, 1928* WP/i. /i|^^ -p^ :^^^,-j^ 

United Charities $350 

Socialist ^V omen's Club 100 

Chicago Consumptive Aid 100 

Douglas Park Nursery 100 

Daughters of Zion Nursery 100 

Chicago Los Angeles Builders 100 

Political Prisoners 50 

Miscellaneous k50_ 

Total $3f500 



II B 2 d (l) 
I E 



JlT'lSll 






For-r-prc, I'.py ?, 19 "^7. 



In honor of the 30th annive-'-sar^, the Forvy arc contrihutes 4^4,000 to the 
following hodi^s in Chica-o: 

Jewish Socialist Alliance $ 900.00 

United Hebrew Trar'es 900*00 

TTorkmen's Circle Schoolr. 700.00 

Lou-^las Pprk -branch of the Alliance 200.00 

Doup-las Park Day ^^no Nif:ht I'^ursery 200.00 

Daur^hters of Zicn llur^'.ery, Ilorth Side 100.00 

Chicago Buildin.^ of Los An^-eles Sanitrrium 100.00 

Cook County S. P. 500.00 

Chica^-o ConsumT)tive Aid 100.00 

Association Enerrenc^r Fund ?0 . 00 

Total ^ ^ . $4,000.00 



II B 2 a (1) jH]^nsH 



I E 



Forv/ard. May 1, ig*:^? ^-'M-^!-; ^i^C.. ;^2;r 



OUH THI^'^TIETH Air.l\r£P.SKRY. 

By Abranam Cahan, Editor-in-Chief of Forv/ard , 

It is thirty yeers today since a v^roui? of men and women, of whom the writer 
is one, founded the ForvTard, The Forward was called into beins; for a double 
purpose: (a) To organize the Jewish workers into trrde unions and dissemi- 
natG the prlriclvles of Socic^lisn ar.on.f: them, ("b) To act as an educational 
a^^ncy amon§ the immigrant Jev/ish messes in the broadest sense of the word, 
and to spread amonp- them hi^h ideals of humanity. 

Thirty yerrs is a long time in the life of an individual; yet it is a very 
short period in the life of a movement or people. The Isst thirty years 
have been uncommonly/ rich in stirring eventi:'. The past decade will qo down 
in history as perhaps the !r:Ost eventful period of all time. Politically 
speaking, and to a large extent economically/ as well, vast uphea.Vc^ls have 
taken place. 

The Jewish immif^rant from Rusf^.ia has underrone ^reat vicif^si tudes durin^- the 
last three decades. The Forward h^.s been a livinp, mirror of events in 



II B 



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J^I SH 



I 



WFA hi:: r-ic ^,?7t 



'cr--rc, May 1, IQ*^?. 



Jewish life# It ha- remrined true to the ideals which inrpired its founders 
a p;eneration ago, "but it also kept ahrer^st of the rropTesj= of event?. As 
a consequence it hrs been ^^rcwin.^* stron.?:er, pnd. more influential from ^^ear 
to yerr. 

The founding of the Forward Wc^s ma.de possible t?irouf^h the self sacrifice of 
the Je^'ish working men a.nd women '7ho ^'^ave up their ba?ik accounts, en^af^ement 
rinf:s en(^ trinkets end in this way scraped tofpther the necessary amount to 
start the paper. Today the Forward h- s a circulation of more than 300,000 
conies daily, devoting much of its profits to the labor movement and other 
worthy causes. 

The For ward today is what it a^lways has been - a Socialist orran and promo- 
ter of culture anon^ the masses. Its principle and prorram are identical 
with those of the G-reat British Labor Party. The numerous chan£:es during 
the past d.ecp-,r\e have brcur-^ht nev; needs and problems, 9.n6 the Forward has 
been quick to m.eet them. Thirty years egc the Forward was a paper for im- 
migrants only. Today it is read by very mamy Anerican citizens, a large 



II B 2 d (1) 
I E 



- r^ - 



J5r.? I SK 



WPA (iLL.) PR^;.:;0275 



Forward, I'^ay 1, 1927, 



proportion of v/hom £-re Americanized in the best senre of the worr'^ Not 
only the parents, hut their American born children as well, find in the 
English section of the Sunday Forwarc^ a much needed organ of discussion, 
entertainment and intellectual and literary interests. 



On the occasion of the 30th birthday of the Forward , I extend her.rty greet- 
ing's to all our readers. 






II B 8 d (1) 

III E 



JK/ISH 



The Sentinel, Volumes 69-60; Yfeek of July 3, 1925# Page ?• 

There is a new Jewish monthly magazine being published in Chicago^ It is 

Q^ll^d The Jewish Youth > and it is the official organ of the Inter-High 
Jewish Educational* League. 



CO 



3 



The magazine is edited by Toby Kurzband and is sponsored by E.Harrison 
Chapman of the Jewish Education Committee. 



IT 



2 d 



(1) 



J-^./lJ' 



II 
IV 






Dail'^ J^v;iGh Courier 












V i 1. . 



.r. 



1. . _i_ 



iv-' 






by 



-->• 



.elauod 



In the veaP 5684 



'-' T n r* ^ "'^ 












.;ian:^;ill, a :rsdt an.^ celebrated .an, ca::e to Chicago. j»o:::etir.ies he, lil:e 
all Teat and celebrated non, 'ives li.":- a*^'T0V3.1 to certain spiritual thin{;:s. 
In '^he saiae year o^ n684 since the eroatJjDn cJ? the .icrld, the ^^Bintel*' 
news-a-^er, novj kno-ni ao the ":?ordv;ard '' A-^o terns od lerision a^plied by 
Courier to Torv;arcl7, mado a deal ith denry ::^ord of the hind hno-vn as 
'•scratch r'v- bach and I ill scr-itch yours'', h^^nry jord be':an lo adve'r-tise 
in the "Fordvjard" and the *^7crd';ard" bG:-an to -^at di:;i on the bach, ;:icturin^;^ 
hi::i as an innocent ]a^-.b, 1'^ astra^^ by bad en. 






Jcish ublic o_:inion in .LMerica b'^carie aroused and shar;) protests be;"au to 
be ezoressed ar.ai^st a Jevrish ne-vs-ca-^er mad.iii;^ a deal v;ith the leader of 






(1) 



II I 

17 



Daily Je-.;isli Courier , Jan. '^0, 19*34 



international anti-oemitisr:. ?he ''Ford-.-vard'* f-^:lt it..^elf to bo in a predica- 
ment, jliat excuse coulO it ■•ive for its crlv.inal act — cocialisi.., love of 
humanity, proletarian moral, class stru le, Je.;isli honor? 

Tlie situation v/as bad. Tho *'l^ordv;ard'' coulu neither ad:. .it th it it v;as ivrong 
nor joulJ it "ive up the recei;^t of the fat ?ord checks, Tae ;..on connected 
v.'ith the "Fordv.-ard" had an ins;iration: "ot the a-) r-;val of a --reat nan. 
If a celebrated Je-; ;ould say that it was ler-issiule to take ads froi-.i Ford, 
then everythin?- woulr. be all ri :ht. 'Jliis idea, hoi/ever, had one serious 
drav/bach: all the leaders of yuuerican Jev-rry stron ly condeiined the Ford- 
''Fordvrard" deal. It v.-s, therefore, necessary t" :et the a )^-roval of a 
::reat non-.^:ericari Je^;. Israel ...an^-.'7ill»3 arriv::'! in Chica;::o looked to the 
•'?ord.:ard" lihe an o"^- -ortunity r^ent frcn heaven. Zan -^vill is a celebrated 
Je-.ish leader, a ;cod Je;:, a _:ionist, and a nationalist. Ilis a-oroval ..ould 
carrv v;ci lit. 









II 

IV 



Lii) 



,} 



.1 :>.. 



13 2 ^■- 






.1. ^^li'ord.jard' h\:nt for -'^ig v;an be:;an as soon as li? arriv^x! i::- Chica;o, 'Jhe 
"?:;rdvj,Lrd" :.aited to et lAn into its office; tl.oy v;antecl to explain every- 
thin^: to him, -et a state ;ent fro:;i hi'::, r.ioncpolize him, arran -e lectures 
for hin. L^ie schene v;as a sir^^^le one. .;an^"v;ill is a stran^":3r ia ii:;erica. 
Z'e is a friend of tao Jov.'ish .'j6o-le* It ..ouid not be 'iifficult for the 
"Fordward"^ to monopolize hi].-;. The "Jordv.ard" boys, jiov;ever, nade their 
plans v;ithout c.: ^-^.iderin': hat the boss had to say about theip., and tl^e bos 
in this case v/as J. Loebner. 

J, Loebner disa r)eared fro.ii the ..orld for ten days and becarae a shadov;; he 



s 



si.adov;ed jjaa^-.'Jill. .,herever Isi'ael .ian^^vill -.ent, Loebner ..ent, "Jhe. days 
in Chica .0 .;ere dark and cold, """he s!:y loohed lihe a :reat, rray sack. 
People could not ifia ine w'lat the sun loohed lih.e. In those days, Lanyv;ill, 
the '.^oet, believed that the sun v;as shining in Chica o because in front of 
him and behind him, there ./as a shadovj. This shadovj ;^:as non ^ other than 
our J. Loebner v;ho deer.ied it Viz duty to .:revent an honest man from bein^^ 



If: 






II 3 2 d (1) - 4 - ' J ;..T3II 



II B 3 g 



IV Dail?,' Jev.-ish Courier.^, J-an. '"^0, 1924. 

be.s:riirclied. 

"..liat do you thinl: of a Jev'ish nevjs^xi^.er, " asked J, Lo ?bner of I.r* Zang^vjill, 
^'v;hich acceuts advertise/'ents from Tenry 'ii^'ord ana ato the anoi-.>e..:itic 
leader jn the bachV" Jiaia-y./ill did not even ta!:e t-..o ^^econds* thoudit before 
r:ivin,: hie opinion: ''Such a ne-.-Js reaper is a blackcuard.^' In this v;ay, the 
Je-./ish press in ;derica iin/.ediately found out .vhat :.Ir. .:ia:a^p*/ill thought 
about "ohe "Fordvrard^*. 

Triis, 03'' .he v.-ay, ha'v-^-enec! before the "^ordviard'^ 'en had- a chiance to ask 
•JT. ..an ./ill for an approval of their policy, lut ^'seudosocialist brethren, 
hov/ever, did not lose heart. ..'ell, they thou.ht, if ..e cannot pet '..r. Zanpv:ill 
to 'ive us his apr;roval, let us, at least, sho.. tiie ;;orld -/n^t he is a pood 
friend of ours, ives lectures for us, attends our banraets, ;-articipates in 
our uiiiertahings, in short, treats us as represeiitat *.ves od ^he people. 



Ca3 



II B 2 d (1) - 5 - JE7/ISH 

II B 2 g 

IV Daily Jewish Courier , Jan* 20, 1924 • 

Suddenly there sprang up in Chicago a great many Jewish culture societies, 
culture learues, culture associations, and women^s culture associations. 
One would think that Chicago v;as swiiiuning in an ocean of Jewish culture. 
All of these culture associations, cult 'ore leagues, and culture societies, 
bombarded Mr. Zang^Afill with invitations: **Speak to us, lecture before us; 
here is a check for five hundred dollars, a thousand dollars. V/e will 

give you as much as you want^ only ^ Israel Zangwill invariably replied, 

'•Sure, speak to my friend, llr. Loebner of the Courier . He arranges every- 
thing for me.'* 

J. Loebner did arrange /eYevythin^. He arranged a lecture at the Hebrew 
Institute, at the Covenant Club, and so on. He arranged them quietly, 
without any fuss, v/ithout any committees. The culture leagues, culture 
associations, and culture societies, which are all run by and for the 
'•Fordward," had to apply to iir. Loebner if they wanted Ivlr. Zangv/ill to 
lecture to them. Mr. Loebner, who had to protect the interests of a great 






II B 3 d (1 ) 
II B 2 s 
17 



- 6 - 









man and to see that iiis nane v/as not besmirched, e::olainsd the .;hole situa- 
tion to I jr. .janr-will, and our .Teat ::uest v/as ^Tatoful to the ^ood Je;; for 
Lis advice. 






'^hxoy ran around 
'xz '•.a'."::^e thoy v;culd succeed In reachin^: 



Our riseudo3ociali::ts evi "onced si.'-.ns of ":reat actix''it7. 
tovjn, arguin;;, yellin-;, • o^in;;: that -.ayb 
' r, iaa2:-ill, even for fi-'e inutes, ::o that '-"^^ '^'=* 
coul''' bra^: that hr. ;an';^*7ill h a vioita . ito orric-~: 
to it, and so on. 



r*j ^ ^ ^ \- ^^ 



Jj L- -- 'sX . < -Jl J. VJ. 









hir. '.anr:v;ill v.as close to the ''jord.vard'' oC^fice osverai tL-ies. .' e ".;as at 
the Palace '[^isater, he vi-:ited t^-e offic?. of >l:e Courier , he visited relative; 
n the ..est iido, but he aid not visit the office of the ''Pord:;; 









Tliere- was a tense ..loment .vhen h.r. .:an^:;ill found uinself surrounded oy the 
•'Fordv;ard" boys vdiil3 he -.vas at 'llic!::an's l-alace Theater. It seo-~ed as 



II Z- 2 d (1 ) 

II D 3 - 
17 



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Dailv JovjiLjli Courier, 






Jan. 









thou;:h tLere -^as no v:ay for hi::: to escct^e, "^ov coul^ lie, Aiew he ^7as 
surrounded or. all sides? There ---^ a joyous Ojarkle in the eyes of our 
[DseuhoG^cialirh^s. rj.t last I ouhoenly, J. hoebner a^.e^red, :^^rabbed 
hr, ^an^^.:ill by the arr,:, -^:xl the'^ both left for .j?. IcOsenvvald's residence, 
in . r. hcsenv/ald' s biy, car. c:ur nseudosocialists felt lihe cryiny/ 
han:7:;ill v.as v.ithin five yards of their office and the^^ ^ id not succeed 
in -ettiny hi:.: to enter it. 

Riyht after this event, olano for lectures in thif-. or that auditoriur:, 
beyan to be surr.itted to . r. ■ianyv;ill. _eoyle tri::jd to c:nvince hin. that 
he -.ould earn a fortune froia tlie loct'U?os ^hich the Tiseudosocialisbs ; ould 
arran_e f r him. Jo all yroyos.ils, ha invariably r^olied, ''-iure, yo ^^Md 
2Q'^ ::y friend, T.'r, Loebner.*' 






I have never a:^he- J. Loebner ;;hether ^he ;3eud03..^cialists ever sav; hiri, 
and v.h.at r^ I'j he .lade to thein, yov;ever, i:' they did see hi.:;, I can inagine 






2 d (1) 



O 



O V.J.. .^-^ 



~, 9 



TV 



- ■■ ^ ■■,■■■■ II 



r^ 



oiirier, Jan. wO, 19.'34, 



the l:in:l of a re ;l3^ ' e v':ul:2 'ive thein, -^n:; I can "i^a 'irie ths innu.,ei'able 
curses he received, he ha:i cijne, ho.:ever, a ^:jo.' -^i-^ce of v^orl:. he he-:t 
V.T. .jan'T.;ill l'ro:;i ^etti:!^ a ':u'/ bath, he Ghov;cd hinnoif to '-^.ossecs the 
talents of a detective, ancl he prev ited the " eeudosocialist co2iirades 
from la:y''in':- h'rDC.s UT^on Israel han-v.ill. He deGervea the thanks of th.e 
corufiunity and of Israel Z.an— vill for his .;ork« 






II B 2 d (1) 

TV 



JEJISH 



Daily Jewish Courier , Jan* 9, 1924. 

/m. mimiY ford^s ads/ 

by 

Dr# 3, M* Lie lamed 

Henry ?ord has committed many political blunders in his life, but the greatest 
blunder that he cor.imitted was his attempt to bribe the Jev/ish press in iimerica 

by offering it large advertisements, and by believing that the "Ford-V/ard" /name :S 

applied by Courier to Forward because latter printed Ford^s ads/, the only ^ 

Jewish nev/spaper that printed his advertisements had any influence upon Jewish ^ 

life in America. He does not Imow that the ^Tord-V/ard^ has no more influence ^ 

than any other rag which prints filthy literature and arouses the lowest gg 
instincts of the masses. People read the "Ford-li7ard" just as they read the 2 
Chicago Star , a pomogi*aphic sheet which reports scandalous stories that no '^ 
decent newspaper would print. The 'Tord-V/ard" would go out of business v/ithin t3 
forty-eight hours if it ceased its pornographic activity. People do not take ^ 
the opinion of the *Tord-V/ard'* seriously, just as they do not take the opinion 
of the Chicago Star seriously. A ^v;e 11- informed" man like Mr. Ford should have 



II B 2 d (1) - 2 - TSillSE 

IV 

Daily Jewish Courier , Jan. 9, 1924, 

knov/n that his advertisement in the 'Tord-V/ard" did him more harm than good. 



CO 



II B 2 d (1) JanSH 

I S 

IV Daily Jev/ish Courier , Jan. 6, 1924. 

/raS ^FORD-V/ARD*^ OFFERS AN ALIBl/ 

by 

Dr. S. M. Melamed 

The yellow ♦♦Ford-7/ard'' has at last broken its silence. It spoke up yesterday 
and it spoke in a manner that was to be expected from it. It claimed that 
about two years ago, the Courier printed an ad of Ford's and it wondered why 
the Courier was raising such a fuss now. The '♦Ford- Jard** to prove its 
contention, printed a two-line ad which a Chicago Jew, who had a few Fords 
to sell, had placed in the Courier last y^ear and for which he paid a few 
dollars. The '*Ford-V/ard'* calls this a Ford advertisement. The yellow 
journalists know that this contention is ridiculous but they could not remain 
silent any longer. The readers had begun to ask questions and since they 
could not answer those questions, they did what the rich thief in a certaiji 
story did. *Vhen the judge asked him why he had stolen the watch, the thief 
replied: •^.Vhy shouldn't I have a right to wear a v;atch? Don't you wear a 






II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - JMISH 

I E 

IV Daily Jewish Courier , Jan. 6, 1924. 

watch?*' 

A Ford ad is an ad that Henry Ford places in a newspaper and for which he 
pays with a Ford checks //hen a Jew advertises that he has an old Ford for 
sale, it is a Jewish ad, and a Jewish newspaper may print a Jewish ad. 
The ♦'Ford-'.Vard** is the only Jewish newspaper in America which gets Ford 
checks — all in the name of socialism, in the name of the Jewish workers, S 
in the name of trade union principles. Ford will not permit any unions in ^^ 
his factories, and, logically, a Socialist newspaper should not accept any y 
advertisements from him, but the Judaism of the '♦Ford-VJard*' is worth as 
much as its love of truth, and its love of truth is worth as much as the 
education of its editors and managers. 



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II B 2 d (1 ) J]j:t.7ISH 

II D 10 

I E Daily Jewish Courier , Jan. 4, 1924. 

17 

/^FORD-?JARD^ CELEBRAT2S FIFTFi AMIVE.-^SaRY7 

by 

Dr. S. K. Melamed 

The '^Ford-Ward'' Editor's note: Name given by Courier to Forward because 
latter prints Henry Ford*s ads/" to celebrate its fifth anniversary, distri- 
buted three thousand dollars to "charity**. Included in that amount is five 
hundred dollars for the Gewerkschaften /Tewish labor union^, which means 
the "Ford- Ward ** ; five hundred dollars for the iorkraen's Circle, which means 
the **Ford- Ward ** ; five hundred dollars for the Socialist party, which means 
the »*Ford-i/^ard**; two hundred fifty dollars for the Cook County Socialist 
party, which means the ^^Ford-Z/ard**; all these organizations support the 
**Ford-irVard** by their advertisements. Giving money to them means taking 
money from one pocket and putting it into another. There are in Chicago a 
great many philanthropic and cultural institutions, such as the Marks Nathan 
Orphan Home, Home For The Aged, the inmates of which are, for the most part, 



"1 



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II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - JEVflSH 

II D 10 

I E Daily Jewish Courier , Jan. 4, 1924. 

IV 

poor Jews; in the majority of cases, they are former workers or 
orphans of Jewish workers. The ^Ford-V/ard" did not even give them one 
cent« There is in Chicago a Hebrew Theological College, where three hundred 
sons of poor Jewish psirents, who are in most cases workers, are studying. 
The *»Ford-rf'/ard** did not give them one cent. There are in Chicago many Jewish 
Talmud Torsihs, which are all attended by children of poor Jewish workers. The 
"Ford-i//ard** did not give them one cent. The recipients of its charities are 
the Gewerkschaften, which means the '*Ford-lVard'^; the Socialist party, which 
means the ^Ford-Ward^; tte //orkmen^s Circle, which means the **Ford-iVard*»; 
the "Ford-A'ard** believes that charity begins at home. There is in Chicago 
an organization called Bread To The Hungry, whieb feeds the hungry; there is 
the H. I. A. S. ^ebrew Immigrant Aid Society, which helps the destitute 
immigrant. The ♦»Ford-7/ard^ has not a cent for them but it donates money to 
the Socialist party of Chicago and of Cook County, which will use the money 
to advertise in the *»Ford-Ward." The ♦'Ford-.Vard^ thus gives charity to 



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II B 2 d (1 ) - 3 - JE^SH 

II D 10 

I E Daily Jewish Courier . Jan, 4, 1924. 

IV 

itself and it bluffs the neople into believing that it gives charity 
to the poor auid helpless. Henry Ford also gives such charity. 



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II B 2 d (1 ) 

I C 

IT Daily JevJish Courier , Jan. 3, 1924. 



JS.VISH 



"FCRD-VjARD" bosses laugh at TR£ JE./S; 

C0NTIKU3 PRINTING TIIS ADS ^ 

OF ISRASL'S ENililY ^ 

The ^Bintel'' /Editor's note: term of derision applied by Courier to Forward/ ^ 
nev;spaper continues to print the advertisements of Israel's enemy, Henry Ford, g 
in spite of the criticism of the Jewish press, in spite of uhe protests of 
rabbis and community workers, in spite of Dublic opinion. The "Ford-V/ard** 
^ditor'^note: Term aoplied by Courier to Forward because latter prints 
Henry Ford's ads/ laughs at everybody. It has sold itself to the anti-Semite 
from Detroit and it serves him faithfully. 

The ''Ford-V/ard'' says, to justify its scandalous conduct, that Israel Zangwill 
•oold its representative that ^a Jewish uaper may print Ford's advertisements". 
It adds, in Zangwill 's name, that "the Forv^^ard should donate the income from 
Ford's advertisements to propaganda against Ford." 



CD 



II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - JSVaSK 

I C 

IV Daily JeivlsJa Courier , Jan. 15, 1924p 

This is v/hat Mr# Zangwill actually said to two Courier representatives who 

visitea Jiim at the iiome of Llr» Julius Rosenwald, vmere lie is staying. In 

an interview with him, he saia: ^^Ivlany people have sought to bring me and 

Henry Ford together Tor a conversation, but I refused to see nim because 

this enemy of Israel and his servants are capable or reporting tnat I have 

said, Ck)d knows v/hat, sometning in their ravor. I have rerused to see IT 

Kenry Ford out or respect ror myself, out of respect ror the Jews of .jnerlca ^^^ 

and tne entire v/orla, waom he has oesmircnea and against whom ne has spread I? 

the worst calumnies #•* -^ 



VJhen the representative of the Courier asked llr. Zangv/ill wnat he thought of 

the Forwarg which advertises Ford's products, the celebrated Jew and writer 
replied: '♦Its name should not be Forward but **Ford-V/ard^. ;^en a newspaper 
prints on one page — ^which is a fact to be lamented — an advertisement of a 
product made by an eneiay of Israel, and does not, on anotner page, fight the 
insinuations of the advertiser against our sisters and brothers, then that 



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II B 2 d (1 ) - 5 - Jg//ISH 

I C 

IV Daily Jewish Courier , Jan. 3, 1924. 

paper is a renegade •" 

However, it is no use to demand justice and fairness from the '^Ford-V/ard^. 
VJhen one spits in its face, it says that it is raining. One points to a 
disgraceful act it has committed, and it raises the cry, ♦'they want to breaik 
the labor movement". 

The bosses of the ♦♦Ford-V/ard*' want money, and for money they have sold their 
columns to the enemy of Israel, who seeks to iindemiine the existence of 
all the Jews and who printed the following, among other things, in his 
Dearoorn Independent ; 

**The Jewish trade unions are exclusively Jewish because the trades are exclu- 
sively Jewish. This means that the Jeivish trade unions cannot be considered 
American trade unions. Neither are they mixed trade unions. They are Jewish. 
The aim of those trade unions is, as in all other Jewish activities, to help 



II B 2 d (1 ) - 4 - JEVJISH 

I C 

IV Daily Jewish Coiirier , Jan. 3, 1924. 

Jewish interests. Those unions are a part of a united Israel," 

The "Ford-7/ard*^ works hand in glove v;ith an enemy of Israel at the expense 
of the workers and the trades whom it claims to defend, and at the expense 
of the Jews whose language it speaks and from whom it derives its profits. 

This is the proper place to ask a few questions. If Henry Ford is not as 
bad as people think he is, why should not the '♦Ford-.Vard^* bosses, if they 
are what they claim to be — Jews — persuade their new bosom friend to stop 
spreading calumnies against our sisters and brothers? VJhy do not the ^Ford- 
Ward** bosses, who claim that they are union men, try to influence l^Ir. Ford to 
unionize his shops and factories, where the word "iinion** must not be mentioned? 
Why are the bosses of the "Ford-V/ard" profiteers? 



€ 



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y ■ II B 2 d (1) 
I D 1 a 
I D 2 a (3) 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 
The Forward « Deoember 30, 1923, 

WHAT THE FIVE YEARS OF THE FORWARD IN CHICAGO HAVE ACCOMPLISHED 

FOR THE UBOR UOVEaiENT* 
by 
Uorrls Zlsklnd. 

In celebrating the fifth anniversary of the Porwardt it will not be amiss 
of the difficulties encountered in attempting to induce the Comrades of the 
New York Forward Association, to establish a daily periodical in Chicago 
with its own printing plant* and with expenses amounting to ^200,000. 

The Jewish socialists and t rade unionists of Chicago, always strived to pos- 
sess a daily working paper in Chicago, and it was always their hope that the 
New York Forward would publish a paper in Chicago* 

The writer has at hand, a copy of a letter which Comrade Sam Grolden, secretary 
of the board of directors of the Jewish Labor ViTorld, had sent to the Forward 



II B 2 d (1) -2- JEWISH 

Ife'(3) '■•■''* WU PROJ. 3s,7i 

The Forward, December 30, 19 2Z. 

Association in New York, demanding, on behalf of all Jewish Trade Unions, 
Workmen's Circle, branches, and the Socialist branches, the establishment 
of the Forward in Chicago as a daily newspaper* 

That was on October 20,1914, more than nine years ago# At that time, a 
conference was already organized to collect money for publishing a daily 
newspaper in lieu of the weekly Jewish Labor ^Torld» 

The Comrades of New York were, however, at that time, unable to undertake 
such a difficult task, and they did not accept our proposal* 

In 1916f we began anew our transactions with the Forward Association of 
New York, and Comrade Held, manager at that time of the Forward, came to 
Chicago, and at a conference of delegates from all parts of our movement, 
promised that we would have our own daily newspaper, if onlsrthe technical side 
of the issue will be met to the satisfaction of the Forward Association* 



\ 



II B 2 d (1) -3- JE^nSH 

I D 1 a 

^ ^ ^ "" ^'^ WFA(iLL)^ROJ. 30276 

The Porvmrd^ December 30, 1923 • 

Our hopeSf however, were In vain, due to certain impediments that barred the 
publication of the Forward in ChicBgo* The Socialist movement of Chicago 
was unwilling to wait, and wet ourselves, undertook to publish a daily paper. 
The ■Vorld « which existed for one year and nine month s« 

The first number of the Forward appeared January 1, 1919, in Chicago, and 
our movement was liberated from the burden of supporting a daily periodical* 

Who brought the Forward to Chicago and why? The answer let- The Jewish 
organized labor movement, the trade unions, the Worlcmen*s Circle and the 
Socialist branches influenced the Forward to establish itself in Chicago, 
to serve the movement* 

Together with the general labor movement, which had undergone a crisis in the 
first few years after the war, the Jewish organized movement had also suf- 
fered very much* 



II B 2 d (1) -4- JEfflSH 

I D 1 a 

I D 2 a (3) 

The Forward. December 30. 1923. ^'^^ ^^^ FROJ. 30275 

The eoonomio crisis oompallad several large anions to accept a reduction in 
wages and a few small unions were weakejiedt due to the chaos that prevailed 
during the first few years after the war* Howevert most of the unions sur- 
vived and determined to continue their serviceSy to obtain higher wages and 
other improvements in labor condition* 

For the past five years^ we have seen how the men's clothing workers of 
Chicago have enlarged their union from seven thousand to thirty five thou- 
sand memberSt and built an organization which surpasses that of all other 
cities of America, and despite the fact that the greatest percentage of mem- 
bers are not Jewish workers, the Jewish members are the most aggressive and 
active in the organization* 

The struggle to organize the clothing workers on as great a scale as they 
are now, was not a very easy task* 



II B 2 d (1) - -5- JEWISH ' 

I D 1 a 

I D 2 a (3) WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30276 

The Forwards December 30, 1923# 

The Clothing Uanufaoturers fought bitterly against the Amalgamated Clothing 
Workers Union and* against the leaders* They applied severe agitational 
methods to divide the workers in the shop* 

During the first few months of the Forward's appearance in ChicagOf the 
greatest clothing manufacturers (with the exception of Harte, Schaffner 
and llax)« carried on propaganda in the shops against the Jewish union leaders, 
among the gentile workers* They attempted to organize company unions, pro- 
mising the workers prosperity, and representation by committees to deal with 
the management* Kuppenheimer, Alfredf Decker and Cohen, Charles Kaufman and 
Brothers, and several others mutually agreed and contrived several panaceas 
to bar the Amalgamated from organising the workers* This^ however, did not 
help them* 

A great number of workers were already members in the Amalgamated, and they 
declared a strike in their shops « 



II B 2 d (1) 



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D 1 a 
D 3 a 



(3) 



JETMSH 



WPA (ILL) ^ROJ. 33276 



The Porvrardt December 30, 1923 • 



Throughout that strike, the manufacturers applied methods which Indicated 
to what extremes the bosses will go to bring the workers under their yoke 
and control* One of the large concerns sent a letter to its employees which 
reads* in partst as follows:- 

"Do you know that the orgenization to which you belong is being controlled by 
Ru8si«tn Jews? (The firm is Jewish*) That's why Hart, Schaffner and Max 
signed an agreement with the Amalgamated* Ten percent of the workers were 
Jews, the other ninety percent were of different religions* But now, ninety 
percent of the workers at Hart, Sohaffner and UaXf are Russian Jews* If 
you do not believe this, see the names on the committees. 

"The Amalgamated Clothing Workers, is a scab organlzationf the letter reads 
ont and Is not recognized by the American Federation of Labor* Do you know 
that there is no money in their treasury? That their treasury is in such 
condition that Hillman avoided any strikes until after May 1? 



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II B 2 d (1) -7- ^ JEV/ISH 

I D 1 a 

I D 2 a .(3) ^VPA (ILL) PROJ. 30775 

The Forward, December 30, 1923 • 

*Noir answer the follo¥rlng questions:- Do you want to work In a shop that 
is being controlled by Russian Jews? 

■Why am I on strike? 

"How much have I lost by the strike? 

4 

•What will I gain by it? 

•What protection can the Amalgamated offer me?* 

This is only a part of the letter that the large Jewish firms distributed 
to thousands of its now Jewish employee s« 

The Forward , in that struggle between the employers and employees, as well 
as in all others struggles involving other workers, supported the workers 
with everything possible. 



II B "2 d (1) 

I D 1 a 

I D 2 a (3) 



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JETiriSH 



WPA (ILL,) PRO I. mi. 



The Forwards December 30, 1923. 



The influence that the Forward exerted at that time evidenced by a letter 
B. Kuppenheimer and Company sent to the Forward Uarch 26^ 1919, stating 
that they have not settled with the union and that they will always, as be- 
fore, conduct open shops and will deal with the workers individually and 
not as an organized body* 

The result of the struggle which the Clothing Manufacturers carried on in 

1919 ♦their anti-semetic propaganda (they, themselves, being Jews who 

played the role of philantropists), their injunctions t their golden promises 
for profits and dividends in the business, was unsuccessful* The Amalga- 
mated Clothing Workers triumphed and the Forward contributed its share in 
the struggle, as it does with every working class struggle* 

The same is seen when we relate the history of the Cloak Makers Union in 
Chicago, which had undergone in the past few years strikes and struggles 
to improve their conditions^ 



II B 2 d (1) -9- JEWISH 

I D 2 a (3) ^^^^ (iLL)PR0J.3Q275 

The Forward, December 30, 1923# 

In 1919, the oloak makers were successful in introducing week work in the in- 
dustry* Two years later, in 1921, the Cloak Manufacturers wanted to nullify 
their victory, by installingt aneWf piece workt hut the cloak makers de- 
fended the gained position! emd did not permit the resumption of piece work* 

In thiSf as in all other events of the cloak makerSf the Forward served as 
the organ and defender of the workers of the women's garment industry* 

The Jewish unions of the building trades, the carpenters and painters, have 
undergone a great strugglet which has required many sacrif ice8» and expend- 
iture of much energy and money* The well known open-shop citizens com- 
mitteCf which was organized with the support of the enemies of organized labort 
applied all methods that money could buy to force open shop conditions on 
the carpenters and painters* 



II B 2 d (1) 

I D 1 a 

I D 2 a (3) 



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JETTISH 



WFA (ILL) PRfJ 3G27b 



The Forward t December 30, 192Z. 

To the credit of these two tradeSf the citizens committee did not develop 
its reactionary plan* It is t here, important to mention the Jewish bakers, 
the fur workers, the butchers and Shochtim t (Orthodox Butchers) Unions, the 
Retail Clerks Union, Cap Uakers Union, Amalgamated, Cigar Makers Union, 
Cleaners and Dyers Union, Shoe Repair Uniont and the youngest Jewish union, 
the Waiters Union. 

All these unions have, at various times during the last five years, struggled 
to improve their conditions, did not permit reductions in their wages, up- 
held union conditions, and withstood attacks by their bosses* The Forward 
was their place of shelter, and defence in all these struggles* The Chi- 
cago Forward has a portion in all their victories as one who struggled with 
and protected organized Jewish Labor in Chicago* 

The United Hebrew Trades, to whom the above unions belong, participated in 
all their activities and struggles which ocoured in the last five years and 
is convinced that the great assistance of the Forward to the unions, can 
not be measured* 



II B g d (1) 

I 1 a 

I D 2 a (3) 



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JEWISH 



WPA (ILL,) ^ROJ. 30275 



The PoiTirard. December 30, 1923, 



In oonoluding this survey, we wish to state that the Forward will continue 
to serve the Interests of the organized labor, as it has served until now. 



n B 2 d (1) JBWISH 

Sxmday Jewish Courier, June 3, 1923# 

HOW THE JEr;/S READ OHE Nff«SPAPER 

(Editorial in English) 

The other day an elderly Jeirish woman entered the office of the Jewish Courier 
and asked for the editor. With tears in her eyes she pleaded with him not to ^ 
be cruel 9 not to be merciless to the young ^ righteous and good-looking Count 
whose doom seemed to her to be inevitable* When asked to explain her plead- 
ings ^ she said that she was reading the serial story every day with the 
most thorotigh attention, and that she had a heart full of compassion and 
pity for the victim of the conspiracy in this story irtio, by the way, happens 
to be a Count, and she asked the editor not to let the young, innocent man 
die but to be more Just and to let the conspirators perish* 



The appearance of the elderly woman before the editor of this paper throws a 
glaring light on the relation of the Jewish reader to his or her Jewish news- 
paper* Ibe Yiddish reading public especially has more respect for the printed 






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II B 2 d (1) - 2 - JMISH 

Sunday Jawrlsh Cotirler^ June 3, 1923« 

word than any other group of newspaper readers and the readers of Yiddish 
dailies 9 an honest and unsophisticated group of people rely on the newspaper 
not only for news but also for truth in the news and believe what they read 
in the newspaper* And they read their newspaper in a manner different from 
other peoples* They read not only headlines or certain categories of news^ 
but they read their newspaper from beginning to end and they read it on the 
installment plan—in the morning they read the first page^ in the afternoon^ 
when they have time, they read the inside pages, the articles and the advertise- 
ments, and in the evening they read the editorial comment* A reader of a 
Yiddish daily will not throw his paper away until he hcus read it from beginning 
to end and if everything that is reported in the papers does not seem probable 
to him, he will call up the editor and ask for explanations* If he disagrees 
with an opinion expressed in the paper, he will come up to the editor and try 
to argue the case with him, or he will express his point of view on the question ^ 
in the editorial* 

The relation of a Jew to his paper is quite a personal cuid intimate one* He is 



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II B 2 d (1) - 3 - JEWISH 

Sunday Jeirlsh Courier ^ June 3, 1923 • 

Tery careful in the selection of his paper* If he happens to be a conservative 
laan, or not radically inclined, he will never touch a radical paper and he 
expects his paper to defend his point of view and his opinion on natters not 
only political but also theological, literary and social, artistic, etc# He 
does not consider himself a mere reader of the paper but a sort of a shares- 
holder in the paper, so much is he obsessed by the idea of his paper. No 
other foreign language paper and no American paper is so much in touch with its ^ 
readers as is the Tiddish paper* The Jewish reader considers the paper not ^ 
only as the defender of his views but also as his impartial arbitrator and it ^ 
is a daily occurrence in the #iitorial office of a Yiddish daily that two con- C 
tending parties ask the publisher or the editor to arbitrate between them or '-i 
call upon the publisher or the editor to take the initiative in certain communal 
matters or to try to solve certain comnunal problems not only by the way of '- 
defending a certain cause editorially but by personally participating in a .^< 
certain movement, because to the Yiddish reader, the Yiddish daily is sanctum 
sanctorum and the idea that he buys a newspaper to read the news in it or to 
read some editorial comment made by a man who can speak with authority on a 



II B 8 d (1) - 4 - JEWISH 

Simday Jewish Coiirler^ June 3, 1923. 

certain subject Is strange to his mind* To him the newspaper does not consist 
of news and editorials only* To him the newspaper Is an Institution of truth- 
telling, an educational agency and an enlightening force and so forth* Every- 
thing printed In his newspaper Is true not only as far as normal truth goes 
but Ib true also tram a moral point of view* Ererythlng that he reads In the 
paper he takes very seriously for he relies on his newspaper not only for a 
description of the world's history of yesterday but also for moral and Intel- j 
lectual truth* ^ 

In ancient times, iiAien two Jews had a quarrel they, went to the Rabbi to settle ^ 
It* Today they go to a Yiddish newspaper* In shorty the Yiddish newspaper Is g 
to the Yiddish reader not only a news-selling agency but a great moral factor 
and an educational institution* 



One would be surprised to learn how much Yiddish newspaper readers know about 
the value of mercheindise* An old-fashioned Jew or Jewess can tell you exactly 
the value of a suit, a pair of shoes, a piece of furniture, or of women's 



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II B 2 d (1) - 5 - JBtftflSH 

Siinday Jewrlsh Coiirler^ June 3, 1923* 

apparel because the /y7 read the advertisements in the paper with the same 
attention and earnestness as they read news and articles, and the Yiddish 
reading public buys more than any other group of people in a similar economic 
situation because a Yiddish newspaper reader reads the advertising part of 
his paper very closely and it is the constant reading of the advertisements 
that stimulates his buying desires* 

Every people read their papers in their fashion* The i^ericans are famous 
for their predilection for big headlines, and a great many of them read only 
headlines* The Germans are famous for their predilection for magazine 
articles in daily newspapers* The French turn first to the scandal column* 
The Spaniards turn first to the religious column, but the Jews have their 
own way of reading daily newspapers* They read it with the same earnestness 
and the same zeal as if the newspaper were not a newspaper but a religious 
book* They believe their paper, they trust it and they consider it much more 
than a news-*selling business* 



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II 3 2 d (1) 
II B 2 d (2) 



JEWISH 



Sunday Jewish Courier > Llay 27, 1923. 

IS THE JEVISH PRESS OLD-F^.SEIC!fJD? 

(Editorial in English) 

The accusation is often riade a{%ainst the Jev;ish press, and especially against 
the great Jeviish dailies in this country/", tl^iit they are old-fashioned and do : 
not compare favorably v;itli the American dailies printed in the English lanpoiace, --. 
because the Yiddish dailies devote less attention to the human side of things '- 
than the other papers in the country. Many people who read both Yiddish and "^ 
American non-Yiddish dailies maintain that the former is somev;hat dull and o 
altogether old-f ashionecl , for they carry no social column, do not publish stories .^, 
relating to crime and divorce scandals, and carry no bedroom stories and so 53 
forth. Instead the Yiddish dailies publish articles of a purely theoretical 
and intellectual nature and thus partake more of the nature of magazines than 
of newspapers. 

The facts as stated above are true, but the interpretations placed upon them 



II B 2 d (1) . 2 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (2) 

Sxmday Jewish Courier , May 27, 1923# 

are false* Every newspaper must reflect the mind, the sentiments, and the 
emotions of their readers, and the Yiddish dailies reflect the sentiments 
and the views of the Yiddish readers and these readers are not interested in 
bedroom stories, in crime, or in stories of scandal* They are interested in 
news and they want their newspaper to be a political, literary, social, 
economic, and religious world history of yesterday* That is all they seek 
in the newspaper, and therefore the Yiddish dailies would only impose upon 
their readers if they were to publish scandal stories and the like* 



r—' 



It must further be borne in mind that there are only two Yiddish monthlies in r 
the country, both of which are not all too popular, either in tone or in con- c^ 
tent, for they publish more articles of a purely theoretical nature than so- ^ 
called live-wire stories. The Yiddish dally, therefore, must serve a double ^' 
purpose, that of a newspaper and that of a magazine, and this explains why 
the Yiddish dailies are not devoted to news only and why they publish more 
articles of a purely theoretical nature than the average American daily* In 



II B 2 d (1) - 3 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (2) 

Sunday Jewish Coiirier > May 27, 1923# 

addition, many features that make up part of the contents of an average 
American daily, such as the sporting section, the commercial page, the 
fashion page, the society page, the religious page, would have no place what- 
soever in a Yiddish daily, for the man or woman who is already interested 
in sports or in fashions, or in the social side of religion, is as a rule 
a reader of an American daily, and it would only be a duplication of effort 
to publish such features in the Yiddish press* The Yiddish dailies are so 
made up as to serve the specific purposes, tastes, and needs of the ♦— 

Yiddish reader* He wants to find in his daily a great deal of inter- ^ 

national news, because he is more interested in international news than the o 
average American reader, for the simple reason that he has seen more of the 
world than the American reader; he also wants to find in his daily all the ^' 
local, iiational, and international Jewish news available, and, in addition to 
that, a few articles of a more theoretical character. The women folk are 
interested in a good serial story and therefore all of the Yiddish dailies 
carry one or two serial stories, mostly of a melodramatic or popular character* 
These and a few other features, such as an editorial, theatrical and literary 



t 




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II B 2 d (1) 




II B 2 d (2) 



- 4 - JEWISH 



Sunday Jewish Courier , May 27, 1923. 

criticism, and letters to the editor, make up the average Yiddish daily* 

Taking the average American daily as a standard, the Yiddish daily seems to 
be old-fashioned, whereas in fact it is not, because it gives its readers all 
they want to find in it* The standard of a daily is the demand of the reader, 
and to give him something other than his demand or what he has no use for, is 
merely a waste of energy and an Imposition on him* If the Yiddish daily is 
old-fashioned, then one might say that the French, English, or Italian dailies 
are also old-fashioned because they are so fundamentally different from the 
average American daily, yet no one claims that they are old-fashioned, because ^.^ 
they serve the p\irpose of their readers and fit their taste* 

N 

*», 

The Yiddish dailies, with perhaps one exception, are a power for good from every 
point of view, because they do not carry demoralizing stories and instead 
publish articles that must enrich the knowledge and widen the vision of the 



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II B 2 d (1) - 5 • JSWISH 

II B 2 d (2) 

Sunday Jewish Courier , May 27, 1923# 

reader* In addition to their being dally newspapers, they are also edu- 
cational agencies, and If this Is to be called old-fashioned, then we wish 
that they remain old-fashioned for a long time to come, since by being so, 
they continue to remain a power for good* 



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: II B 2 d (1 ) 
I 



JEWISH 



Dally Jewish Co\irler> Apr« 24, 1923 • 
NfflV ADDITION TO COURIER EDITORIAL ST^IEF 



en 



Ito the large staff of collaborators of the Courier has been added another 
colleague from New York« 

The Courier has succeeded in engaging the services of P. Novak, who has been 
a prominent contributor to the Nev; York Jewish press. Mr. Novak has been en- ^ 
gaged as a permanent collaborator of the Courier and will write each day on 
questions regarding everyday life, Jewish and American interests, and essays. 

Mr. Novak is a jo\irnalist with vast experience. He possesses a brilliant and 
sharp pen, and writes in a simple but attractive Yiddish. His engagement is 
a great gain both for us and for the Jev/ish readers of Chicago and environs. 

We also wish to inform our readers that a number of improvements for the paper 
are new in the making. The Courier will presently introduce several new 



' II B 2 d (1) - 2 - jma^ 

Dally Jewish Coiirler , Apr. 24, 1923. 

featuares each day In order to make the paper still more interesting than be- 
fore. ^ 

• 

In the meant ImiB, we wish to eoinonnce th^t a new feature will begin Friday, 3? 

i.e., the "Family Pafee," a page for the Jewish women, for the Jewish child, o 

and for the interests of the Jev/ish home in general, dis page v/ill be in- Lj 

terestlng, easy to read, attractive, and will deal with the vital interests § 

of the family; this page v/ill also have a column for children. ^ 

On Fridays we will feature the "Theater and lAisic Page,** where the most in- 
teresting and Important happenings of the American Jev/ish stage, as well as 
of the movies, will find an echo. 

Every Thursday we will review everything that takes place in the Jewish labor 
movement . 



^ II B 2 d (1) JEWISH 

III H 
,1V Daily Jewish Courier . Jan. 26, 1923. 

ItOr.V PEATmaS IH THZ COURIER 

I 

( Adveirbiseraeut ) 

*^ 'Beginning next Sunday the Courier will publish a series of new features, which 
will be of great interest to all of our readers. A nev; column called the 
"World Mirror** will be published next Sunday, and v;ill consist of the most 
interesting and latest developments In various fields, science, literature, art, 
theater, strange events, etc. All the members of the staff — Dr. S. M. Melaraed, 
S. Greenblau, Dr. A. L^rgolin, J. Loebner, M. Indritz, L. Rinegold, et al. — 2 
will contribute to the "Viorld Mrror". j±i 



ID 



:ao 



Every Vfednesday a column called "From The Old Country" will appear. It will 
describe life in your native tovm and viill report everything that takes place 
in Je^vish centers abroad. 



CJ1 



II B 2 d (1) JEWISH 

I I D 2 a (2)' 

Dally Jewish Forward . Oct. 7, 1922 • 

^^CTIONS AT THE CLOAKMAKERS^ UNION, LOCAL 100^ 

The reactionary Newspaper, the Dally Jewish/ Courier again falsely accuses the 
Cloakmaker s • Union Jot Internal dissensions/. The Courier , however, received 
a sharp and well-earned answer to Its lies from Comrade ^.feix Brodsky, the 
secretary-treasurer of Local 100, International Ladies* Garment Workers Union. 
The answer speaks for Itself. Brodsky said: ^I deny all the statements that 
were published In the Courier xinder ray name. I am absolutely not responsible 
for yesterday's scribbling In that paper, In which an attempt vxas made fy^ the ^J 
Courier/ to justify Itself by using my name. I want to state that whatever the 
Courier writes about me is a lie. 

"First of all, the Courier ^Tanted to shov; that I was a candidate for secretary- 
treasurer of the Joint Board on the left-wing ticket. It also atteicpted to 
prove, in a rather torturous manner, that two opposing groups can be found in 
the Joint Board, a left and a right wing. I deny these statements. Further- 
more, the Courier stated that Schoolman, and those who supported Rosen's 
candidacy for secretary-treasurer, compelled me to withdraw my candidacy for 






II B 2 d (1) - 2 - JEIVISH 

I D 2 a (2) 

Dally Jewish Forward . Oct. 7, 1922. ^ 

-o 

secretaiy-treasurer of the Joint Board. This is not tirue^ The truth is as c- 

follows: Brother Fogel, manager of the labor department of the Joint Board p 

proposed that both candidates should withdraw in order to avoid certain ^ 

misunderstandings. I iraraediately accepted the proposal of Brother Fogel and o 

resigned. When I was later renominated, I refused to accept the nonination. ^ 

Brother Rosen, however, remained a candidate, and the result was that Brother S 

Conefsky was elected. This is the truth; not that written by the Courier.'^ ^ 



II B 2 d (1 ) 
IV 

Daily Jetvish Courier ^ Aug. 4, 1922. 



J3;VISK 



^V/ HEBRSlriT MAGAZINE IN CHICAiSd/ 

by ^ 

Dr. S. M. Melaitied ^ 



TJ 



I read in the paper that they are going to publish a Hebrew magazine in Chicago, 
to be called Barkai (Morning Star), and that Mr. Spector, a well-known Hebrew 
teacher in Chicago, will be the editor-in-chief and the staff of the new mag- 2 
azine. And yet people say that there are no more optimistic and courageous 
men in this world! 



CO 

*^ 
en 



I, myself, am not a pessimist by nature, but I would be afraid to begin pub- 
lishing a Hebrew magazine in Chicago, though I am somewhat known to the readers 
of Hebrew and I am not entirely unknown in this city. I estimate that there 
are about two thousand people in Chicago who understand Hebrew, and of these 
two thousand only about two hundred understand modem Hebrew, and out of these 
two hundred, there are perhaps seventy-five who would be willing to spend a few 
dollars a year for a Hebrew magazine. But even assuming that a thousand sub- 
scribers in Chicago and five hundred in the country can be found for the Hebrew 



II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - JE\fLSE 

Daily Jewish Courier , Aug. 4, 1922* 

magazine 9 I still fail to see how a Hebrev/ magazine can exist in Chicago. ^ 

This does not mean, of course, that I want to discourage my Hebrew friends in ^ 

Chicago. On the contrary, I want to assure them of my co-operation and sym- ^:-' 

pathy. They all know my address in case they ever need "copy'* and they know 3 

that I will not let them go away empty-handed, but I do wonder at their courage 2 

and ambition. ^ 






w 









■/■'.■■ 















■r.- 



-^; 



?^i.>5- II B 2 d (1 ) 

^"V^ :; ■/•■ I C . 



JEWISH 



forward . Jtme 5. 1922. ^^^{\ll) ??.OLmn 



' -■ - 7: 



The Daily Jewish Courier has only 8,000 circulation. . The following facts 
have established it beyond any doubt. 






i^:. 






:/\ 1. On Monday May 15f we published an affidavit signed by Chas. Roeske, • v 
who worked for the Courier for the last nine years, and who was in charge f 
5^'^' : >• of the circulation, in the Jewish section of the West Side, Lawndale Dis^rf-fll^ 
^;- trlct, Albany Park and the North Side. In that affidavit, Chas. Roeske # 
' stated that the net paid circulation of the Jewish Courier in March, 1922, 
was not more than an average of Yt'WO copies daily. He also substantiated 
/: his statements by publishing copies of checks which represented the col- 
' lection for the full circulation of which he had charge. 









^"^ ' '-f ' 



i< 






2. The Courier answered in their issue of May I6-I7-I8 by first showering 
a torrent of abuse on the Forward and the said Chas. Eoeske, and then by 
P'^'-::^WSi^'S cLenying point-blank that Roeske ever had full charge of their circulation 









p^:J^^^ifv-;vv in the districts mentioned. Furthermore, they made a cut of the signature 



4,- 


















ruv.- 



X- „ 



Page 2 

II B 2 d (1 ) 
I C 



JEWISH 



Forward, June 5» 1922. 



^^^0lL)PROl302j^ 



of Ohas. Roeske, and above it have set up in type without any notary puhlic 
seal or witnesses, a repudiation purported to come from Chas. Roeske, that 
the affidavit he published in the Forward was obtained through intimida- 
tion and threat of discharge by Mr. Turavlin, an employee of the Forward . 

3# Mr. Turavlin is suing the Courier for libel for publishing the above 
mentioned false statement about him, and the case is now pending in court. 
He has witnesses to prove that the affidavit obtained from Chas. Roeske, 
was given in a voluntary and a legitimate manner. Suing t^e Courier for 
libel proves beyond any doubt the authenticity of the Roeske affidavit. 

U. On the 20th of May, we published an open letter to the Courier , wherein 
we made the suggestion that an impartial committee of advertisers should 
be formed and the Courier should open their circulation books to them, 
in order to show their real circulation; or if the Courier objects to a 
committee of advertisers, they chould become a member of the Audit Bureau 



^\? 



--•-i^v 






:-':-l:. 



■*<?•' 



•^ \ 



Page 3 

II B 2 d (1 ) 
I C 



JEWISH 



rorward, June 5, 1922. WPA (ILL) PftOJ. 3027b 



of Circulation and this "bureau should investigate their circulation hooks. 
The suggestion was not answered, 

5. On Sunday May 21 - we pul)li8hed an affidavit signed "by Mr. Ifyman Gold- 
man in which he states, that he was working for Chas. Eoeske for eleven 
months in 1920, doing the delivery of the Courier for him. This affidavit 
corroborates Eoeske 's statement, that he had full charge of the Courier* s 
circulation. 

6. On Monday May 29 » we published an affidavit signed by Mr. Harry Green- 
berg in which he states that he also worked for Mr. Roeske, doing the deliv- 
ery of the Courier , from December I92O to May 10, 1922, and that he (Eoeske) 
had full charge of the Courier* s circulation. 

All the above facts, establish beyond any doubt that the Courier* s circula- 
tion in Chiceigo is not more that 8,000 daily* 






II B 2 d (1) 
I^C 



JFiilSH 



Forward, I^ay 29, 1922. ^p^ (U)Pm\ }<n?-f 

/f COIICiinUIII^G THE CCURIER^ 



Another statement tho.t the C ourier has no more than about 8,000 circulation in 
Chicago. 

Charles Roeske, under oath, swore that he ho.d full charge in the circulation- 
department of the Courier in Chicago, with the exception of the South Side. 



-»- ■ I ^ 



Therefore, he knows that the Courier circulation in the districts where he 
was in charge, was no more than 7,400. The Courier denied that Mr. Roeske 
had charge of this entire circulation. Last week we printed the affidavit 
of a driver, HyLian Goldman, in wlxich he swore tliat he worked for Roeske al- 
most a year, delivering the Cou rier . Today, we present another affidavit 
of a second driver who worked for the sejue Roeske about a year and a half, 
delivering the Courier after Goldraan left. He quit his job this 10th of 
May. 

Read the following affidavits 



'\ 



II B 2 d (1) 
I C 



- 2 - 



Forward ^ May 29, 192 2 • 



JEIYISII 



WPA Oli.)^m.mi^ 



state of Illinois) 
County of Ccok ) SS 



Harry Greenberg, being first duly sworn, on oath deposes and swears that 
he resides in the City of Chicago, and that he is working as a newspaper 
delivery driver; that he was employed by Charles Roeske to deliver the 
J ewish D ail y Courier on the so-called Vfest Side Route, comprising the vi- 
cinity from Jefferson St. on the east to Western Avenue on the west, and 
from Madison Street to and including 14th Street on the South. 

Affiant further states that he remained in the employ of the said Charles 
Roeske, doing the delivery of the Courier on this route from December 
1920 to March 8, 1922, and after that, when Charles Roeske left the 
Courier *s Service he continued to do the same work for Jake Lichten, 
who is in charge of the Courier delivery now, up to May 10, 1922, when 
he resigned* 



II B 2 d (1) 
I C 



- 3 - 



Forward, May 29, 1922. 



JwasE 



WPA iU) PRO! mm 



A ffiant further states that during the time of his employ by Charles Roeske, 
he has made all accounts of oolleoticns weekly to the said Charles Roeske 
and that his pay for his work he also received from the said Charles Hoeske, 
and that the seme is true of the other men who were working on the ether 
routes of wi-.ich the said Charles Roeske has had full charge. 

Affisjit further states that the average copies of the Daily Jev/ish Co urier 
which he distributed were 2400 daily. 

Further affiant sayeth net. 



Witness t 

IIowBTd 11. Fox 
Edwin Alban 



Harry Greenberg 

Subscribed and Sworn to 
Before lie, a Notary, this ISth 
day of Kay, A.D. , 1922* 



Samuel Chapnaji, 
Notary public 



/"SEiU7 



II B 2 d (1) 



JEiVlSH 



Daily Jewish Courier , Feb. 17, 1922. 

A FORTy-EIGHT- DOLLAR MIRACLE //ORKER 
AND TBDl "BIIWEL^ PAPER 

^^ftrainslator' s note: The Jewish newspaper Forward has a daily coliamn entitled 
'•Bintel Brief »», a bundle of letters^ 



T3 



The ♦^Bintel** paper, vdiich is run by a few boys, is very anxious to get adver- £7 
tisements because experienced businessmen advertise only in a newspaper which ^ 
brings good results. The ^Bintel'' paper gets its advertisements in various 2 
ways. It begs for some, others it gets by threats and terror, others it co 
obtains through Democratic or Republican politicians, to \i^om it promises 
indirect support before election, and others it gets on the basis of a per- 
centage proposition. The last-mentioned kind of advertisement it receives 
from concerts, cantors, balls, and theaters. It takes tickets from the 
advertiser in payment for the advertising. It forces individuals and labor 
organizations to buy those tickets, eind thus it earns a few cents. No 






II B 2 d (1) - 2 - JEC[SH 

Daily Jewish Courier , Feb. 17, 1922. 

responsible newspaper conducts its advertising business that way. No private 
newspaper, no party newspaper, whether conservative or radical, would sell 
its advertising columns the way the "Bintel** newspaper does. 

Recently, when the Courier exposed this method of doing business by the ''Bintel** 
paper, the ''Bintel*' paper replied by publishing a list of ^important firms** 
which advertise in its pages and do not advertise in the Courier . These firms r— 
do not advertise in the Courier because the Courier does not sell its adver- <^ 
tising columns for small change. Moreover, the Courier demands payment for ^ 
its advertisements because advertising is a business and because advertising ^ 
in the Courier brings good results. 



13 

33- 



v.. 



The "Bintel** paper, as mentioned above, published a list of **important firms" 
that advertise exclusively in it. This list can now be augmented by the name 
of a new advertiser who advertised a certain product as a **medicine for 
epilepsy and convulsions, nervous sickness, constipation, headaches, physical 



■ • . "> 

4:i 



II B 2 d (1) - 3 - TS^aSE 

Daily Jewish Courier , Feb. 17, 1922. 

weakness-- impotence,'* a medicine that is prepared by none other than the 
"great rabbi Jarachmiel Gdaliah Zucker, of Brooklyn, New York." . . 






O 



GOOD Ni:;/S FOR ALL SICK PEOPLE 
of Chicago and vicinity: 
Everybody in the United States Knows about 

RABBI ZUCKER'S 
patent medicines for epilepsy, convul- 
sions, nervous sickness, rheumatism, and headaches. To 
These medicines are registered in the United States 5^ 
Patent Office and the Health Department of the 
city of New York. Many people use this medicine 
and all receive good results from Rabbi Zucker* s 
patent medicine. We, therefore, announce that 
Rabbi Zucker will remain in Chicago for an 
indefinite period, and anyone who needs his 



II B 2 d (1 ) - 4 - JEWISH 

Daily Jewish Courier ^ Feb, 17, 1922* 

medicine can visit his office, 
1248 SOUTH KSDZIE AVENUE. 
Office hours are from ten in the morning until one 
in the afternoon, and from five to six in the evening. 

This is the ad of the rabbi's miracle medicine. No responsible paper would '-s 

print such an advertisement. The Courier rejected a contract for three ^ 

hundred dollars which Rabbi Zucker sent in for his advertisement. The Courier if 

did not want to be a party to the sale of a medicine which is of doubtful -^ 

value. Furthermore, Rabbi Zucker is facing a law case against him in New York. -S 

The '♦Bintel** paper, being very eager to get advertisements, sent a representa- ^ 

tive to Rabbi Zucker as soon as it learned that he was in town. The ''Bintel" ^ 

paper obtained forty-eight dollars from the rabbi for this advertisement, 

which it printed on .Wednesday, featuring it with a special heading so that 

the ''comrades*' would buy the medicine, and Rabbi Zucker would have good results 



II B 2 d (1 ) - 5 - JEWISH 

Dally Jewish Courier, Feb* 17, 1922. 

from his advertisement. Thus he would be induced to pay more money to the 
•'Bint el" paper for printing his advertisement. 

Statement g 

Phones: Haymarket 8030-8031-8032 ^ 

JE-;;iSH DAILY FORWARD P 

1128 Blue Island Avenue ::^ 

Chicago, February 15, 1922. ^ 



To: Habbi Zucker 

1248 South Kedzie Avenue, 

To advertisement.. .$48. 

Paid, 
February 15 
V. I. Levinson 



'-0 

o 
-J 



II B 2 d (1 ) - 6 - miasE 

Daily Jewish Courier , Feb, 17, 1922, 

Just as the ••comrades" refused to buy the ham and pork which the Bintel 
paper urged them to buy, so the ••comrades'* refused to buy the doubtful 
medicine from Rabbi Zucker — and Rabbi Zucker iiow demands his forty-eight 
dollars back* ••Bintel •• boys, give the rabbi back his money I 






We include in our columns a photograph of the rabbi's advertisement and a 
photograph of the receipt for the forty-eight dollars, which the ••Bintel^* z 
paper gave the rabbit The rabbi's advertisement suddenly became nonkosher -^ 
on Thursday because the rabbi refused to pay another forty-eight dollars ^o 
for the advertisement. ••Bintel'^ boys, pay the rabbi back his moneyl 









V, 



II B 2 d (1) 

III B 3 a 

I H 

Daily Forward , Jan. 1, 1922. 

THRS2 YS/iRS FOitVAia) IN CHICAGO; TODAY 7/5 CiiUlBIl/vT^ A HOLIDAY 

Today is the third anniverse.ri'^ of the Daily Jev/ish Forward in 
Chicago* 

The Forward has always had a large circle of readers and friends in 
Chicago* V/hen it was decided to establish the Forv/ard in Chicago, 
the Jev/ish public accepted the new venture with great pleasure and 
pride, and wished the new publication continued success* 

In the beginning, it was a rather difficult task to est^iblish the 
Fonvard firmly* 



.< 






- 2 - javjisHi '; ^•^•^- cj 

Daily Forv/ard^ Jan. 1, 1922 • 

But xve can nov; tell all our friends and comrades, with assurance and 
pride, that our hardships are a thing of the past* 

The Forward has been constantly growing during the past three ^'-ears, 
and is nov; fully grown. From a business standpoint, considering the 
number of readers and the influence of the Forward, we can say that 
our publication is soundly established* Not only in moral strength, 
but in financial standing as well* 

Three years is not such a long time. But when v/e look around and see 
what the Daily gor/;ard has done in that time, v:e cannot help but admit 
that v/e are proud of our accomplishments* 



- 3 - J]?/;iSHv^ 



\ C o /»' 



Daily Forvjard , Jan. 1, 1922 • 

Chicago has the second largest Jewish population of any city in 
America, and of any city in the world. For a long time, it bore 
the reputation of a city where vice flourished. But a radical 
change for the better has taken place since the advent of the 
Forward^ ^7ith the help of pious Jews, the Forv/ard fought against 
vice in the Jewish community • 

The Forvjard has served the public in a useful manner, by publishing 
latest news, interesting and educational articles, and literatiire 
written by some of the greatest Jewish v/riters* 

From its inception, the Forvzard has been, (and still is) constantly 
working in the interests of the Jev/ish working-class in Chicago. It 
is the organ of the labor movement of the Socialist Party, the unions. 






-) 



- 4 - [i- ::: . - JSrnSR 

\ '. o 
\ '-■ ■ 
^-^.^ .- 

Daily Forward , Jan. 1, 1922. 

and the Workmen's Circle. Therefore, it is natural for it to devote its 
efforts, its entire pov/er, to the ^abo^ novement in the great struggle 
between capital and labor - the struggle between those who do nothing and 
have everything, and those v;ho do all the work and have nothing. 

In this great struggle, the aim of the Forward is to help abolish the 
present fetid social system that spells poverty, disease, misery, war, 
etc. At this moment, while these lines are about to go to press, the 
cloak-makers of Chicago are rejoicing over the results of their first 
victory. 

V/hen we first intended to expand, we pointed out that the New York Forward 
had many readers long before the Chicago Forward was established. The 
latter is now a branch of the New York Forward. 



« » 



- 5 - JEWISH Vi^- V 



Dally Forward , Jan* 1, 1922. 
New York For.;ard 

The 25tli anniversary of the Nev; York Forv^^ard v/ill be celebrated on the 
same date* A quarter of a century has shown the accomplishment of a 
few hundred Jews who contributed from their meagre earnings in order to 
organize a nev/spaper^ that would not belong to any private individual 
and would not constitute a business for private profiteering. 

The Forv/ard is intended to be the exclusive organ of the working-class, 
a powerful weapon in the struggle for everything that is right and just* 
In the course of twenty-five years, the ForY;ard has grown to be the 
largest, the best, and the most influential Jewish ne;vspaper in the 
world. 

At the end of this quarter century the Forward has also found a field in 
Chicago, a field so large and powerful that the success is much greater 



^ ♦ 



- 6 - JS'ISH 



r , • . .} A 



Dally Forv/ard > Jan. 1, 1922. ^^^^k JJ 



than expected^ Today marks the New Yearl The birthday of the Forv/ard 
coincides with the first day of our New Year. V/hen this issue is being 
taken off the press, horns will sound, bells will ring, and people, v/ith 
mixed feelings of joy end regret, will bid farewell to the old year. 
A new year is being born, and with the new year, nev; hapes, new dreams, 
and new desires are also being born» 

V/e wish you success during the new year* V/e v/ish the workers luck and 
success in all their novements and struggle and v/e hope that the new 
year will bring the Forward more useful work and still better results 
than it has had up to nov;# 






J 



■ r\ V ' ■' ■:^' -^ 






'; II B. 2 d (l) 












Forward, ITovemter 5, 1Q21* *''f'^ ("-U PROJ. 30275 

$5*000 is waiting for someone I 

• v^^- ' • ~ '■ - ■ • , • - • • - A 

"^i^---"':-^-^- Last week we issued a challeiige to the Courier , which has not "been 

' accepted to dste. 



♦ '.■■ ■ 



^e are prepared to give $5»C)00 to any charity if the following state-' 
f laments are proven false! 






■'.<■ 



s , "■ -. 

■ . #'■ 



1. That the Courier has no more than 1/5 of circulation which it 
announced in a notarized circulation-statement. 

2. That the Torward has twice as much uaid- circulation in Chi cagro 
as the Courier. 






r 



^ 



\ 



(Adv.) 






■j\-- 



/,:■ . 












f 




■- > , 
















■'" :.' ; < ' -, 








. 


, 


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' . .• . - - - ■:•■■'/ - - . f >: . •.. 



II B 2 d (1) JMISE 

I D 2 a (3); wpA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

I B, Forward . May 21, 1921 

The first check received at the office of the conference, for a daily 
English workingclass paper, was forwarded "by the Joint Board of Chicago's locals 
of the Amalgamated* The check amounted to $l9020»42« 

The Amalgamated promised lOjf of the total sum appropriated by May 1. 

The Pinsk Branch, #252, of the Workmen's Circle, paid for twenty-nine shares* 

A group of Jewish Women have organized themselves to collect money for the 
newspaper* The women are planning a bazaar at the Socialist Picnic in Riverview 
Park, Sunday, May 12* All proceeds will go for the paper* 



I 



1 



II B 8 d (1) 
ID 2 a (2) 



JEWISH 



Forward s May 18, 1921 WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



At the last meetiiig of the Par Union, Local ^5 was concerned with 
the question: What should the Union do in establishing a daily English 
Workers' Newspaper in Chicago? Comrades, M* J. Prenkel, and Sophie Rodigez 
addressed the meeting and pointed out the importance of the above-mentioned 
work# 

A motion was made to withdraw $500 from the Treasury of the Union and 
purchase shares for the newspaper. The motion was unanimously accepted. 






II B 2 d (1 ) 



JET/ISK 



V\?M'>IUW. 30275 



Forward, May 14, 1921 



Chicago has seven Jewish newspapers, beside those coming frooi New York* We have 
made this discovery by observing the K» W. Ayer and Sons, •* American Newspaper 
Annual and Directory*** This is one, of the many directories published in America- 
The method by which these directories are compiled, is the following: When they 
receive a name from any newspaper, they write to the Nev/spaper Compeny requesting 
them to send an affidavit of their circulation and other information. 

These directories do not merely rely upon the affidavits, but want to know wheth- 
er it is a statement of the publisher or an A. B. C. (Audit Bureau of Circula- 
tion) statement. They clarify, in their explanations, that only the A. B. C. 
statements are certain and the other statements from the Post Office, etc., are 
worthless. 

Te find in the last American Newspaper Directory that Chicago publishes six Jew- 
ish newspapers, with the exception of the Forward s and those of i^Iew York, and 



Page 2 



II B 2 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 
WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



Forward, May 14, 1921* 



here v;e submit them and their •♦circulation'* as they appear in the directory; 
Jewish Call (daily) Independent - 19,000, Jewish Courier (daily) Independent - 
42,040, Jewish Press (daily) Ind* Republican - 23,000, Jev/ish Progress (daily) 
Independent - 14,000, Jewish Record, Independent - 28,000, Jewish Tenies, Inde- 
pendent - 17,000* 

The Jewry of Chicago know that half of these newspapers are not in existence, 
and that the second half does not have the circulation they assert, but some 
inexperienced gentile advertisers are unaware of this, and they therefore pa- 
tronize these nev/spapers. They print a half dozen copies, on the day they re- 
ceive an advertisement, forward one copy to the edvertiser and the others are 
kept in reserve, in case an advertiser requests another copy. The news and 
articles of these newspapers are alweys the sejce; therefore, they have no 
expenses and as much as they receive is a total profit • 

The Forward circulation statement is approved by the A. B. C. Why does not the 



Page 3 

II B 2 d (1 ) 



JEY/ISH 



V' 



VPA (ILL) PROJ. 30276 



Forward, ^fey 14, 192I, 



♦♦Courier** belong to the A. B. C*? The answer is clear: Exact figures must be 
submitted to the A» B. C» 

The Forward repeats its challenge, and is willing to deposit .$1,000 in any bank, 
that the Forwai^d sells twice as many copies in Chicago than the "Courier** and 
all other newspapers (Jewish) put together* 

The Jewish Daily Forward is the only Jewish Newspaper in Chicago that is a mem- 
ber of the A* B» C. 



II B 2 d (1 ) JEWISH 

I E 

kVPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

Forward . May 1, 1921, 

Branch UUU of the Workmen's Circle exceeds all the Jewish working class 
organizations in the activities for the drive of the daily English working 
class paper. The branch bought shares amounting to $500 of which $250 were 
already submitted. What organization can rate with this branch? The 
principle participants for the paper are I. W. Golden, N, H, Lashensky, 
Benderman and other active members. 



/' 



■ i ■ 






II B 2 d (1) JEWISH 

. IV 

ronrard . May 1, 1921 

VVPA (ILL.) PROi. 3027& 

The following were proposed for the Forward Association: 

Jacob Siegel. Member of the S.P. , l^th Ward 

Nathan Bosenfield, Mezoiber of N.W. Socialist Branch 

A. Wallmein, Member of N. W, Socialist Branch 

Isaac Averbook, Member of Douglas Branch S*P« 

Morris Poznansky, Member of the N.W. Socialist Branch 

S« Shlpkowltz, Member of the West Side Socialist Party 

All those having any charges to make against the above-mentioned are requested 

to Inform: 

Meyer Wlnetrlb, 

2229 Ohio Street 



'•■. /'v 






i; :' 



II B 2 d (1) 



jav/isH 

Forward . Jan. 1, 1921. .,.^, ., , ^^. 

WPA (\l U PRO ; ?f:7^' 



/WZ J3;VI3H FQR^;ARD C3LEBRAT2SJ7' 

Today is exactly two years since the Forward first began to appear in Chicago, 
and the anniversary is to he celebrated by a banquet given by the Forward 
Association, 



•-«vt» 



n B 2 d (1) 

II D 10 



forward Dec. 22 » 1920 



JBWISH 

WPA (ILL) PR-OJ. 30275 



A Declaration hy the People* e Belief Oomaittee a>ncerxiing the 
falsefjring etatemente that appeared in yesterday^ ■ Courier • 

Yaleehood Ho« It 

*Ihe financial report t which wae ^ren at the Conference of the People* e Belief 
last Sundajr* was not signed hy a certified auditor or finance conmittee*" 
Tou will findt in toaorrow*s forward, a complete facsimile of the Auditor's 
rffportt under his seal. We affirm that the report was not only 0*K*d by a 
finance CommitteCt hut also hy the entire executiye of the People's Belief # 

faltUiood Ho* 2. 

*Ihe report of the executire was not accepted by the bazaar Oommittee at the 

conference, which ended in a riot"* 

The report was unanimously accepted by the basaar Gommitteet The forward 

all the or sanitations 9 all the indiyidoals that helped make the bazaar a success* 

fals^ood No* 3 

•The $1300*00 that the Atterath Israel Synagogue contributed to the bamaar has 



"» ;^^ 



*•;» 




Page 2 JOTISH 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 3027b 

disappeared entirely** 

The Bone7 was added to the total bum hy the anditcr* The Torward had recently 

reproduced the checks* 

-- ♦ 

Talalshood Ho* U (excerpt from our editorial) 

The Courier states that at least one thingt the delegates hare learned from the 

unsigned report which they have turned dowut and that is that the eiq>enses 

of the Peoples Belief Goimittee was about, fifty percent of the income that is 

not only scandalous but plain theft and robbery**' 

falsehood Ho* 3 

'!Qie People's Belief loaned $10,000 to the bazaar* The bazaar returned only 

$8000 and the other two thousand dollars were absent on the report** 

In the auditor's report of the bazaar it is clearly understood that People's 

Belief loaned $10,'^10*09 to the bazaar and received $8000 in return* Haturally 

the balance remains in the receipts of the bazaar and since all the money of 

the bazaar is giren to the People's Belief the balance is automatically 

included* 



JEWISH 



II B 2 d (1) ^ 

II D 10 " 

III H Dally Jefwish Oourier , Dec. 3, 1920. 

J3WISH MONOTONY- 
(Editorial in Snglisli) 

The average reader of Jewish newspapers often resents the apparent monotony 
of the reading matter. It seems to him that the Jewish newspapers are 
publishing every day the same news^and that the eorticles are all on the 
same style and on the same subject. 

To a certain extent » the resentment has a certain foundation in f^ct. One 
may tcJce any Jewish newspaper ^ a daily or a weekly, and one will find nearly 
every day or every week the same news — pogroms , Jewish massacres , anti-- 
Semitism, anti-Jewish riots, Jewish oppression, Jewish persecution, slander«- 
ous libels against the Jews, and so forth and so on. We have only to look 
on the locality of Infoimatlon to know the contents of the infomation. If 
the news comes from Vjarsaw, it means Jewish oppression, Jewish persecution. 
If it cosnes from Lemberg, it means Jewish wholesale pogroms. If the news 



II B 2 d (1) - 2 - JSWISH 

II D 10 

III H Dally Jewish Ck>urier , Dec. 3, 1920. 

Is dated London, It means either an attack by the Morning Post against 
Zionism, or a new libel against the Jews, or it nay have something to do 
with Zionism, and the Zionist organization* If the news comes from Buda- 
pest, we know that it carries a message of woe and pain. 

So it is to a certain extent true that Jewish newspapers are monotonous, ^ 

because Jewish life is monotonous; that is to say, it consists of one ^ 

phase only. Of course, we are not the only people that is subject to suffer- ^ 

ing and persecution. There are many more people on God's earth who suffer ^ 

just as bitterly as we do, if not more. But still their life is not as 5 

monotonous as ours, because they are not as passive as we are. If they ^- 

suffer, they make their enemies suffer too. If they are being beaten, they o 

sometimes beat their enemies too. And often enough they even enjoy full 5^ 
revenge. 

That Is not the case with us. Our people is beaten and maltreated, but no 



II B 2 d (1) - 3 - JEV/ISH 

II D 10 

III H Dally Jewish Courier , Dec. 3, 1920* 

one has the desire and the opportunity to beat and to maltreat others. 
For Instance, there Is an •^Armenian-Turkish war^, that Is to say, a Turkish 
plan of massacre of Armenians. The victims are the Armenians, but still 
there are a few Armenians who take up arms against the Turks, and wage war 
against them. It has never happened yet that Jews should have an opportunity 
to do likewise. We only hear of Jewish pogroms, but we have never heard of the § 
Jewish pogroms against their enemies, we have never heard of Jev/ish counter- 
acting the Poles. This being the case, the Jewish news is often monotonous, i 
and we do not blame the reader who is getting tired of it. Z 

What is true of Jewish news is also true of Jewish newspaper articles. No ^ 
conscientious Jewish journalist can overlook the two main activities of the ;^ 
present time — of relief work and Zionism. And most of our publicists are 
actually devoting their time and their ability to the elucidation and ex- 
position of these two problems and all the problems related to them. The 
Jowish press, if it should discharge its duty conscientiously, must devote 






•NO 



II B 2 d (1) - 4 - JBWISH 

II D 10 

III H Daily Jewish Courier , Dec. 3, 1920. 

its energy to these two problems, on the solution of which depends the 
future of our people in Europe and in Palestine. 

'Other peoples, better established than we are, have a life richer in colors 
than ours. They have their own government, their army, their navy, their 
administration, their domestic problems, their social and artistic problems, 
etc. But we are at present interested only in two problems— Zionism and 
relief. And hence the monotony of the Jewish press. But unless we solve 
these two problems satisfactorily, we will never have a richer life, and 
the monotony will perpetuate itself, so that in order to overcome the J 

monotony, we must at present devote all our energies to the solution of 7- 

these two problems, even if we feel the monotony strongly. A well establish- ^^ 
ed Jewish homeland in Palestine, and a settled Jewry in the Diaspora, will 5' 
brighten Jewish life, and will give it tone and color, and will make our 
life more interesting and the Jewish press will be more interesting, too. 



r 



*x 



II B 2 d (1 ) 
II £ 2 



JEWISH 

'^'^^UllDPmi 30275 



Forward , November 30, I92O. 



A Eabbi testified that the editor of the "Courier" had taken hrihe, Is it 
possible? 

When the news appeared that Hahbi Ephraim Epstein, Habbi of the largest syna- 
gogue in Chicago, had testified at the Holy Altar that the editor of the Cou- 
rier was given bribe, a great many asked the question, is it possible? Is the 
editor a "person" who would write praises, if paid a few klingers,and abuse 
and iiiTiigib when he doesn't receive anything? 

The answer to all qjiestions concerning the money scandal in which the editor 
of the "Courier" is involved will clear the situation this Friday in the 
Forward. 



II 3 2 d (]) 
I D 2 a ik) 



j:7::i gk 



.The Ponvard. Cctober 13 1 1920 



^^^^ OIU PROj, 3027c 



AGAIN A 37RIKE A" THE GCl^xir^R 



AN e:<:pianaticn ?rom wz jemsh i^intfrs op 



LOCAL r/l(>. 



The Jewish printers today distributed circulars, v/hich read as follovrs: 

On the 20th of September, the Jewish printers signed a new agreement with 
The Fonvurd and The Labor ".'orld> The Courier t on the other hend, resorted to 
legal procedure and the process protracted itself foV so long a time that 
the printers became tired and stopped work* 

The Courier announced, that the president of Local #l6 is against the printers 
upon vrhich Mr. Kaan, the president of LocsjI ^16, answered as follows: 



II B 2 d (1) 
I D 2 a (4) 



- 2 - 



jmizii 



The ?orv/ard. October 13, 1920. 



m (IIU PROJ. 3027i 



A.n article of The Courier dra\/s my attention to the fact, that I v/arned the 
printers of The Courier that their de ilin^s are contrary to the laws of 
Local .rl6» I never made any such st'tement. It is not my view, and I'm 
absolutely in sjoiioathy with the Jev.ish -irinters in the Courier difficulties^ 

In my possession may be a wage scale agreement signed by a represent?: tive of 
The Courier^ The president of Chicago Typo<;;^rc ohj cal Local ilo, and also 
by Mardson II, l^cott, president of the Internv.tional Tyrjo^raphical Union, 
This agreement contains the folla.vin- clause: 

It is Rgre d that, at no time shall the v/eckly wage scale be lov/er, than 
the wages that are being -oaid by the English daily newspapers of Chicago. 
Since the 22nd of I/ay, 1920, the printers of the English newspapers have 
been receiving- %55»'^^ ^ week for day work, and $6o per v/eek for ni[;:ht v/ork» 



II B 2 d (1 
I D 2 a (4) 



_ "5 _ 



JETVI 3H 



The F onvard, October 13, 1920, 



W'^M^^UPRCJ. 30275 



As the president of the Chica,--;o Typo^r-. uhical Union Local rl6, I demanded 
that the Cour ier should follov/ the terms of the af;reement and pay $^5 per 
week to the printer^:, stJr^.rtin^^ September 20, 1920» 

My demand met v/ith all kinds of ansv/ers, t-^nd protests from the owner, v/ho 

is lookin.e, after his own interests It is my errnest desire, that the Courier 

afree to the demands of the exlstinrr wa^-'e sc^j.le a;^,reement« 

Mr* S • N, Kaan, 

President ChJ cago Typographical Union Local ;vl6» 

This letter speaks for itself. The fact is, that all the printers of The Courie r 
left their work, and "^he Courier is printed no// "by several scy.les, v/ho are 
practicing scabbery twice a year, every six months, when they must sign a 

a new agreement. The Jewish readers of the Courier v/ho have alv/avs shov^ed 
their disgust for scales, will this time surely notify the Courier 
they're meaning; about scales. 

The Jev;i sh Printers of Chicago. 



II B 2 d (1) 

I p 5 

III A 



JSWISH 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 

Jewish Advgince, June 13» IS 20, 



The Judisihe Presse of this city makes, apropos of the la.te judicial election, 
some very good remarks. It ascribes the defeat of Julius Rosenthal, Ssq., 
to the callousness of our &erman "brethren, to their indifference in the work 
against vulgar prejudices of the masses against the Je\vs. The Presse takes 
occasion to urge the Jewish nations of Russia and Poland to throw aside their 
exclusive ha.hits and customs, and to hecome true children of this countr^'^, 
where the law knows no distinction hetTveen the rights of Jew or Gentile on 
account of religious prejudices. 






II B a d(i ) 'i->.^m'^-^ -->;&■«: *^^>-^:r^,:m-^m^, JWLst 






Bie Lawndale Press # Volume 1« Week of January 30, 1920« Page 5» r- 

- ■ . ■ f - «^ 

Mr« James Loebner was born in Jassi, Roumcmia in 1682 # At the age of. S 
seventeen, he beoarae the editor of a native humorous magazine, the Broom^ 
He later oontributed to well-known publications in Bucharest* ^. 



*.■'<••. ^• 






He came to Chicago in 1902 and Joined the staff of the Dally Jewish Courier > 
He has a feature in the Courier, known as "The Oalicieui Jew with the NutSf* to 
which the readers of the paper look forward on every Wednesday* He is 
known under the nom de plume of *Ben Dov,* and "Shneyer Zalmen** 






V'-^i .■•■-"■"<■ ><.i' 






v:^^^v* 









':v?^ . ^.^/:n^'.v -v.^-^^"'.:'^-^?-^^"^?:^^^^ 






'^'%;,-:^>.^.:v' 






II B 2 d (1) JZ.:i311 

TV 

Sunday Jevd.sh Courier , Oct. 5, 1919, 

YROi: Ti:2 PUBLIC H031RUI.! 

by 

J. loebner ^ 

It is no surprise to find a Jev;isli nev;spaper in i\nerica containing, in "p 

addition to its usual reading natter, an English section also. The ^ 

suirprisins thine is that the venture is successful. Tlius the English ^ 

page of the Courier is a success — a very creat success • This is so 2 

because the editorials offer a v/ealth of iiaterial and the articles cj 

throughout its other colunns are selected, and because the public has [::3 
shown great interest in then. 

•Yith ever;>' nail, the letter carrier, brings staclcs of congratulations 
fron readers of this English page. ITeither does he fail to bring 
contributions fraii talented English readers both locally and from other 



en 



II B 2 d (1) . 2 - JEWISH * 
lY 

Sunday Jewish Courier , Oct. 5, 1919. 
states where the Courier is read. 

Since the advent of the iinglish page our circulation department has been 
busier than ever before, taking large orders from newsdealers and filling 
those orders that C€dl for delivery either by carrier or by post* IVe 
can truthfully say that, whereas formerly there was one reader for every 
copy of the Courier, there are now many more per copy. These are ^ew 
readei^T^ the children of the older readers to whom the Jewish language is 
unfamiliar. 

Yes, it is for these sons and daughters of Jewish parents that the ^ I 

publisher of this newspaper introduced the English page, in order that he 
might keep them in contact with Jews and their interests. Neither had he 



II B 2 d (1) - 3 - TSmSB, 

IV 

Sunday Jewish Courier ^ Oct, 5, 1919. 

far to seek for an editor. His own editor of the Jewish Courier , 

Dr. S. L. Melamed, also fills this capacity for the English page adding 

therein his unusual adroitness and ability. Dr. Melamed is a great :S 

editor in lilnglish as well as in Geiroan, Yiddish, and Hebrew* He writes 5 

in all these languages for various newspapers and journals in addition ^ 

to the daily articles written for the Courier . That Dr. Melamed can rj 

write, especially that he has something to write about, is attested by go 

those buying this newspaper and by those who peruse the famous American o 

Jew ish Chronicle (in English) of which he was editor. caj 

It is the object of Dr. Melamed, by means of the English page, to keep 
young /jaerican Jews of Chicago and of the Middle V/est in contact with 
Jewish life, Jewish traditions, and Jewish aims, and thus induce them to 
take an active interest in all matters pertaining to Judaism. 



en 



II B 2 d (1) - 4 - Jg/nSH 

17 

Sunday Jewish Courier , Oct* 5, 1919. 

And, by the way, Jewish readers of the Courier enjoying our Jewish news 
and literary items can now share these joys with their children and 
friends who read only the English page. Many articles from the pens of 
Mr. Leon Zolotkof, Dr. Margolin, S. Greenblue, Dr. M. L. Kord, M. Indritz, ^ 
Dr. Morris Reinhardt, and others will appear in English on the English 5 
page as well. The two Galician Jews who have won so much popularity for ^^^ 
their wit €Uid tricks in the weekly Courier will not fail to appear on the r* 
new sheet. ^ 

o 
Our young generation, the i\merican bom and reared Je^vish sons and daughters, ^ 

and all who now read the Courier's English page will acquire thereby the S 
spirit and knov/ledge of the various Jewish problems both in America and ^ 
across the sea. 

All of us may congratulate ourselves upon this new undertaking. It is a 



II 3 2 d (1) 

IT 



JE77ISH 



?orvard . Sejtenber 5, I9I9 



WPA (ILL.) PRDJ. 3027^ 



The Chicago Herald £: Er.arr.iner of ne::t Sxir.da-' (9-7-13) 
v;ill contc-.ln a fiilT pr-./:e of s'rm >'=.t'"!etic.;lly rritten 
TTticles "by the -nost ort'3tan(^in-2: Jev^s of Chicr;^o and 
the coimtr^''. Articles '-'ill oe printed ty: 

J-'idge Julian !.-ac':. jTidtf:e H-go ?:im, TTathan D. Caclan, 
Samuel ?hil-ipson, Istx Shulrnar. , P^ahhi 3 -:al Sil'ber, Dr, 
Stephen V/ise, Jacoh TelloAs, 3. 3. IConar'ro, lir. !:enj. Davis, 

and others? . 



(Adv. 



II 3 2 d (1) 



JS^-'IS^ 



. , , ,r ^'-n WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



To all Porv^ard stibscribers and a.2;ent'^. of th^ following states: 
Illinois, Ohio, "^isconsir:, ITel^ras'-a, iio;jth Da^'ota, ::ent'JC'v', 
Ivlinnesnta, Iviichigan, Indiana, Missouri, ITorth Dakota, Kansas, 
Colorado , Ca^-^da. 

After the first of J^^ly all "b^^sine^^s '-'ill te transferred from 
New Yor'c to Chica^^o. 

All coT^.plaints, nev; su'b script! on e , choniT^es of ac^dre'^s, and gen- 
eral correspondence should be addrecsec^ to our western office: 

Jewish D'-tily Forv-Td 
1123 ^l^ie Island Ave. 
Ohica^^o, Illinois 



• II B 2 d (1) 
i II A 2 
III A Daily Jev/ish Courier , July 10, 1919 « 



Jm/ISH 



IV 



A BRAI'ioH OFjj'IjE; uF IU^ Co'UiLl_..t 



OPi^NlS ON 'ilia; iMOi^'iKJiiJ'i. 3xDE 

( Advert i sement J 

The Jewish Oourier wishes to aiinounce the opening of a branch office on 
the Xviorthwest Jide for the convenience of the large Jewish community in 
that section of Jhica^o, The number of Jev;ish residents in this section 
is constantly increasing* 

Uur branch is located in the very heart of this jev;ish quarter, 2448 V/est 
Division .street, the store of ^j^*. x^avid rwenigsberg,who v/iil be in charge 
of the office. 

All tyoes of 'want ads" will be accented here at regular office prices, as 
well as subscriptions and other business, i^so, all Jev/ish news stories, 




;: 



II B 2 d (1) 

II A 2 

III A 
IV 



- 2 - 



JEWISH 



Daily Jewish Courier > July 10, 1919 • 
activities and private nev/s will be accepted at this office. 



Mr. Kenigsberg is one of the oldest and most well-known Jev/ish personalities 
on the Northwest Side. He is a well-known intellectual and one of the most 
active members of the Jewish Educational Alliance and other Jewish organi- 
zations. 

The Northwest side branch office is open every day and evening except 
Friday night and Saturday morning. The telephone is Humboldt 7510. 




Translator's note: Please note reference to neighborhoodT/ 




II B 2 d (1) 

III A 
III H 
I C 



J5L>[ISH 



Sunday Jewish Courier , June 22, 1919. 
/tIJE CQTJRim S.3RVES THE COLH-.IUNITY/ 

by 

J, Leibner 




It has been a year since a new department vjas installed in the Courier ♦ 
We can truthfully say that our paper has accomplished much in the field 
of Jewish journalism in America. 

With its large staff of fine vjr iters, the Courier stands on a par with 
other large newspapers in New York. It is the barometer of Jewish Life, 
of Jev/ish influence, and Jev/ish creativeness in Chicago, 

1^6 Courier has grown in circulation and significance. It has many more 
readers than it had a year ago. It also has done much in various fields 
for the Jewish and general community in this city. The Courier not only 



II B 2 d (1) - 2 - JK7ISK 

III A 

III H Sunday Jewish Courier , June 22, 1919. 

I C 

had the interests of the local Jev/s at heart, but also of those 
across the sea* Thanks to^ its efforts, iriany institutions have liquidated 
their debts v;hile other /^institutions/ have been established. Thanks to 
its' efforts, Jews across the sea received all possible aid. The novement 
to build a home for Je^vs was naturally not neglected. '* Judaism and 
Aiaericanism" is written across its flag, to which end it has devoted its 
entire force. 

The one in quest of good literature, enlightenment, or the latest news, 
the tradespeople of Chicago and other cities — all are grouped around the 
Courier ♦ The v/orker possessing special interests also finds first-class 
information and a s:^7Tipathetic voice tlierein. 

For every department of this nev/spaper, as can be seen froi.i its index, we 
have s-oecialists, exr^erienced -oersons '.vith responsible duties—persons v/ho 
know what thev want and understand v;ell the needs of the reader as well as 
the advertiser. 




II B 2 d (1) - 3 - J^VISH 

III A 

III H 53unday Jev/ish Courier , June 2E, 1919. 

I C 

The new department and the prosperity in the business world has 
elevated the Courier to the position in v;hich it now finds itself, llie 
readers Liay expect more improvements — the advertisers even r^reater returns. 
Tnere must be more business for the advertiser when the newspaper improves. 
And the newspaper is improved when its circulation increases. 

The Courier does not rest merely upon its laurels in this community which 
has p:iven it a f/reat clientele of Jexvish readers and advertisers, but pro- 
gresses, acauiring ever more v/r iters, and improvin^^: its form. 

The Je\^;ish Community and the Courier in Chicago are one. The interests of 
one are those of the other. The ivelfare and progress of one are those of 
the other. Chicago Jews influence and keep pace with the C ourier in all 
phases of community life. 




II B 2 d (1) , jmim 

IV 

Sunday Jewish Co\irier > June 8, 1919. 

JEWISH PRESS CLUB ELECTS 
NEV7 OFFICERS 

Friday evening, at a well-attended meeting of the Jewish Press Club, 
the following officers were elected: 

Z. B. Kameika, president; Louis Shaeffer, vice-president; N. Drezdov, 
treasurer; S. Greenblue, financial secretary; H. Segel, recording 
secretary. 

To the executive committee were elected the following membera: 
J. Leibner, Jacob Segel, Saul Polsner. 




II B 2 d (1) 
IV 



- 2 - 



Sunday Jewish Coiirlert June 8, 1919 



Jdr//ISH 



Lawyer Jacob Underman was chosen to draw up a constitution for the 
Press Club. 

The meeting terminated with a banquet in honor of Mr. Jacob Fishman, 
managing editor of the Morgan Szurnal (horning Journal), who answered 
in response to the members numerous greetings with an inspiring speech, 
in which he touched upon the general Jewish situation and Jewish politics 
in Paris, from where he has but recently returned. 

Another banquet speaker v;as Dr. S. M. Melomed, editor of the Courier . 
Among other things he said: 

"Jacob Fishman is one of those rare Jewish Journalists in America who 
possess such healthy outlook on mankind and intellectual ethics as to 




II B 2 d (1) - 3 - JEWISH 

IV 

Sunday Jewish Courier , June 8, 1919. 

make them simply amazing. That is why all his colleagues and friends have 
so much confidence in him, a fact which puts hira in the position where 
he can influence people without much effort." 

"As an individual, Mr. Fishman is very interesting and pleasant. He 
embodies within himself the dry cold sharp intellect of the Lithuanian 
Jew and the inspiring warm-hearted animation of the Polish Jew.** 




II B 2 d (1) JEWISH 

III D 

IV Sunday Jewish Courier , May 25, 1919. 

BACK FRCM FEIANCE TO THE COURISR. 

Mr. T. Dua, well known to our readers through his many years of service 
on the Courier , has just returned from France, from Uncle Sam's army, 
and again resumes his work with this newspaper. 

Mr. Dua, during the last fev/ years, was very active in the radical 
movement in Chicago and is well acquainted with all the tendencies and 
aims in the Jewish Workmen's movement, as well as with all its leading 
personalities. 

By his re-entering the Courier's services, our stsiff becomes enriched 
with an able member and our readers will again be accurately informed 
of everything occurring ilrt he Jewish Vforkmen's world. On page seven 
we print the first contribution by Mr. Dua under the pen-name of 
Elechem Sholom# / 







•*• V"^1 



II E 2d (1 ) 

III B5 a 
IV 

II A 3 b 



JEWISH 



WPA f!LUP{^OJ.3Q27& 



Forward > Janur?ry 2, 1919* 
Reception for the Daily Forward a National Holiday > 

Not less than 15,000 Chicago Jewish workers participated in the holiday. 
There were great ovations for the speakers and for Rosa Balsa , the great opera 
star. The memory of this event will remain in the minds of the participants 
for years to come. 

On New- Year Eve, Tuesday December 3l8t, I9IS, over 15,000 Chicago Jewish 
workers congregated at the Large Coliseum to celehrate the puhlication of the 
Forward in Chicago* The proceeds from the sale of the first edition was contri- 
buted to the people's relief. By 8:00 o'clock the hall was filled to capacity 
and even standing room was not available. Soon the platform was filled with 
honored guests. The first speaker on the program was J, Louis Engdhal , Editor 
of the Chicago Socialist, The applause was terrific. The next speaicer was 



tr t g d (1 ) Page 2 JEWISH 

III B ^ a 

nA3'l. ^'^^ Om PmU0275 

Forward, Jannrary 2, 1919 • 

Seymour Stedman , a noted attorney who defended five defendants for socialistic 
propaganda, in federal court. Other speakers were as follows: Mr. Radriges, 
Robert Howe, the former Editor of the World, K. Marmar , former Manager of the 
World, Morris Ziokind, Representative of the Workers Ring, L. Beneson, 
representative of the United Jewish Workers Alliance, H. Shnide, representative 
of various other workers organization. Toward the end of this great event, a 
few more of the most highly honored guests, were introduced as speakers, Al» 
derman B. Vladek , General manager of the Forward^ and Judge Jacob Peukin . Pres- 
ident of the Forward. The applaud for these two speakers was great beyond de- 
scription. After the enthusiastic crowd finally quited down, the famous Prima 
Donna, Rosa Raisa, of the Chicago grand opera entered the hall. The audience 
simply went wild, happiness and applause beyond reason looking at the girl ge- 
nius from Biale stock Russia. She sang Russian Melodies and other songs from 
the old Fatherland. She concluded her concert with the most beautiful of Jewish 
songs, Eli, Eli. 



II B S d ( 1) JS'-nSE 

III B 3 a ""^ 

II D 10 Daily Jev/ish Courier , Dec. 1, 1918. 

III A 

III 2 Oil IK PUBLIC HOST^OJi: 

III H by 

J. Loebner 

V/ith the openinr cf a branch office of the Courier on the i7orthv;est Side, a 
nevj chapter is started in the history of our coimaunity in Chicago. 

In that part of the city, the Courier reiiches aLnost every Jev/ish home viheve 
Yiddish is read and Jev/ish custons fcllov/ed, and v;here it obtains its share 
of advertisei'ients from the businessmen. Tlie Je;/s of the iJorthv/est Side, v;ho 
are active in various fields of public endeavor, are not too lazy to come 
over to the .Vest Side — to the office of the Courier- ^to discuss this or that 
matter and in this manner most thinr;s are undertaken and carried out for the ^ 
benefit of all, v;ith no extra expense to this office* 



The publisher of the Courier , v;ho spares neither effort nor money to make this 
nev/spaper an outstandinc daily, has undertaken not only to deliver a fine 






O 






II B 2 d (1) - 2 - JH'TISII 

III B 3 a 

II D 10 Daily Je-./ish Courier , Dec. 1, 1918. 

III A 

III E Courier into their homes, but also to see that the Jev/ish North- 
Ill H v/est Side acconplish for i^s oivn benefit and the benefit of the en- 
tire Jev/ish coLU.'iunity, i.iore than ever before; that more Jev;s become 
interested in the local Jev/ish institutions; and that everytLin^;;^ there that 
concerns the Jev/ as a Jev/, as a businessman, and as a workingman, . shall 
have ST)ace in the Courier. 






Tlie branch office, x:hich is located at 2448 V/est Division Street, is in the 

very heart of the Northv/est Side Je\/ish nei{::hborhood, and v;as placed under 

the supervision of the :vell-l:nov/n David Kenicsberr., an honorable family man, 

a scholar, and an active businessman. -h 






The representative of the Courier on the Ilorthv/est Side believes in impartiality cj 
and punctuality. He promises to investicate all reports, before they leave ^^ 
the branch office for the :::ain office at 1214 South Kalsted Street. Ke in- 
vites the representatives of all elei.ents and groups of the IJorthv/est Side 
Jev:ish population to visit him in his office for a closer acq.uaintanceship, ivith 



II B 2 d (1) - 3 - JBV/ISH 

III 3 5 a 

II D 10 Daily Jev/ish Courier , Dec. 1, 1S18. 

III A 

III I- the ^ronise, that all their r::ood-intentioncd and important under- 
Ill H takings — liberal or conservative — v/ill receive from hin all necessary 
attention and support, through the Courier , 

In short, the Courier v/ill do as nuch for the Korthv:est Side Jev/ish social life 
as it does for other parts of the city. 

If matters of concern to t:ie general public on the northv;est Side v;ere either ^ 

entirely neglected or improperly carried out, it 7;as because the Jev;s there f= 

lacked a direct connection v;ith the Courier . ITov; they have this connection. £J 

Institutions on the verge of decay villi be revived; the flourishing ones r/ill ^ 
flourish still more and nei7, iiiiportant ones v:ill be founded. 



Jewish leaders of the liorthsidel If you cannot pay a personal visit to 3^our 
branch office of the Courier to have a talk v:ith Lr. Kenigsberg, do so over 
the telephone, Hu:.iboldt 7510. Also, all those v;ho knov; of an important hap- 
pening or any other item of nev/s value, are invited tc report it at once to 
llr. ICenigsberg. Tlie nev; branch has tiie services of the pen of Ljt, IZenigsber 



o 






II B S d (1) - 4 - J3-;i5II 

III B 5 a 

II D 10 Daily Jev7ish Courier , Dec. 1, 1918* 

III A 

III E and of other reporters, 

III E 

Tlie Courier strives for iinproverrient not only for financial reasons. 
It has the -i^crycnal satisfaction of Icnov/inc that the Yiddish reader finds 
rich and instructive naterial, as well as the latest nev;s iteiis. It, there- 
fore, concratulates the ITorthv/est oide Jev;s on the openinc of their nev; 
branch office, and hopes to see them, their institutions, and their nover-ents 
reach a higher standard and have a voider scope. 

Ilanuccah Sunday is for Palestine 



-p +> 



■J3CJ 



ro 



Today is Zionist 71ac Day. Several hundred younc Jerrish cirls v;ill narch in- 
to the streets to sell niniature, beautiful Zion flac's for the benefit of the 
Jev/ish National Pu.nd; our fair sex v;ill stop every passer-by to pin on then S< 
the flac of white and blue, and \/ill expect a nickel, dime or cuarter for it. 
Don't refuse then, cive as nuch as you can* 



Hanuccah is a holiday in v:hich v/e celebrate the national av;aiceninp. Oi. tne 



Ill 


B 3 


a 


II : 


3 10 




III 







II B 2 d (1) - 5 - mJlSE 

Daily Jev/ish Courier, Dec. 1, 1918. 

III Z Je;;s durin/;: the tine of the I'accabees. In such a tine, the 

III H conscientious Jew rei!:enberi: that he also is a menbcr of a nation which 

at one ti.^^e ov;ned its ov;n soil, spoke its ov;n lancua^-e, and conducted 
its oivn policies. 

The rreat v;orlc upheaval gave us tack our country. It is obvious that the 
redemption is here. Palestine av;aits v;ith open anas to embrace its exiled 
people. 

Bear in mind, that every cent now C-Oi^C "to Palestine is for bread for the 
Jews there. 7;;ork is beinr created for then on the farns and plantations, and 
industries are developed by it. 

The National Fund is not an ordinary alnsbo::, but a ''purpose box". 'This fund 
is to be used not merely to still the huncer of the individual, but to create 
a fund for public institutions, to buy r;round in Palestine and populate it 
v;ith Jews to work it and enjoy their labor; the soil can never be resold for 






II B 2 d (1) . 6 . je:;isk 

III B 3 a 

II D 10 Daily Jev/ish Courier , Dec. 1, 1918. 

III A 

III ^ it belon/-s to tLe entire Jev;ish nation. 

Ill H 

As you see, the c^ireatness of the National ?und is not ificrely 
tenporary, but pennanent. There fore, buy the flag '.vith affection, and pay 
for it generously. Support the already founded institutions and create nev/ 
ones. 



^eor^'anization of Younc Judea Club^s]/^ 



-X3 



The Younc J^udea clubs of Chicago are beinc reor'-anized. In order to ^ive 

them real importance, they must have callable leaders. For this purpose, it g 

?7as arranged xvith Mr. P. Hudens, a capable and experienced teacher, to cive 

instruction to those v;ho '.vill undertake to direct the clubs. The directors 

are required to have a hich-school education, and a profound icnov/ledge of the c? 

Bible. 

The function of the Younf- Judea clubs is to rive a national Jev/ish education 



"^ 






II 3 2 d (1) - 7 - JS'VISII 

. Ill 3 5 a 

II D IC Daily Je:;ish Courier > Dec. 1, 1918. 

III A 

III E to our joys and g-^Is vrho did not have it v/hen they v;ere small. 
Ill H A noble v/orkj It brings bad: tc the Jevash people the past, vand 

their hearts f:lov/ v;ith affection at the nation's present tasks and 
strivinr.s for the future. 

To direct the Younr Judea clubs c-^sts iioney, and it is tiie duty of every real 
Jew to heir) the clubs to function. 



X 



r 



4- . , 



7- 



II B 2 d (1) 

III A 

IV Daily Jeylsh Courier . Oct, 1, 1918, 



jsiass 



GREETING TO OTJR ITITOR I* 

Mr* Harry Lipsky, manager of the Jewish Courier * 'p^ 

My dear Mr. Lipsky: Permit me to congratulate you, the readers of your S 
newspaper , and all the Jews of Chicago for the great achievement in obtaining £ 
the services of Dr. S. K. Melamed as chief editor of the Courier . ^ 






Perhaps I am in a better position to appraise the value of Dr. Melamed than 
any other Jewish reader, because I have followed Dr. Melamed's career of 
philosopher and publicist since his appearance in the Jewish neighborhood. I 
have read his works in more than one language, and had a worth-while visit 
at his home in London in 1914;* 

I have always admired Dr. Melamed* s literary vigor and philosophical intelli- 
gence. Dr. Melamed is one of the few Jewish writers who have a historical 



II B 8 d (1) . 2 - JTHJSE 

III A 
TT Dally Jewish Courier , Oct* 1, 1918* 

conception about Jewish life, who have studied and \inderstand Jewish history, 
and who are In a position to compare the events of Jewish history with the 
history of other nations* Dr* Melamed has lived in many countries, has studl 
the literature of many nations, and uses it all in the field of Yiddish-* 
Hebrew endeavor* 

Notwithstanding his knowledge and views as a philosopher, Dr« Melamed devotes ^ 
himself to the work of publicist and journalist, and for the last few years o 
we have read his opinion about all questions concerning Jewish life in various ^ 
co\intries* Dr* Melamed is not an academician who hides himself in a corner 
amidst old books, he is a writer full of life, he connects body and soul, and 
uses his historical information in explaining daily occurrences* 

I must confess, that I did not agree with Dr. Melamed in all the subjects which 






II B 2 d (1 ) . 3 - JEinSH 

III A 

Vr Dally Jewish Coxirier , Oct. 1, 1918. 

he touched upon* Neyertheless, I always have had the highest respect for his 
ideas and sincerity. 

Concerning his style of writing, it can be said that he is magnetic. When ^ 
you begin to read an article of his, whether it be written in Hebrew^ Tiddlshi^ 
English, or German, you do not wish to stop reading it until you have finishedir^ 
His style is slightly flavored with humor, and his vocabulary is inexhaustiblef^ 
he alway^sfinds the proper words for his thoughts. 



CD 



CO 
CD 

fO 
--4 



It is impossible to enumerate Dr. Melamed*s qualifications in a short letter, f^ 
1 only want to relate that^ in a conversation with a doctor last week, he told^ 
me that he cannot thank me enough for the favor I have shown him in enlisting 
him into the ranks of subscribers to the American Jewish Chronicle^ because he 
believes that it is the best reading matter that he has had in the last twenty- 
five years. Hundreds of readers of the American Jewish Chronicle read every 
article of that publication. The truth of the matter is that the American 
Jewish Chronicle^ which Dr. Melamed has founded and edited, is the best Jewish- 



V 



II B 2 d (1) - 4 - JEWISH 

III A 

IT Daily Jewish Co\iriar ^ Oct# 1, 1918« 

English periodical that we ever had« 

In view of the above-mentioned facts, I am taking this opportunity to ^^ 
congratulate you and your readers for the great achievement in sectiring the^ 
services of Dr« Melamed as editor in chief of the Courier^ I trust that we .^ 
shall appreciate Dr« Melamed, and that he will do for Jewish Chicago as ' - 
much as he did for Jewish New York, and that he will help us in all our im- \ 
port€Uit tuidertakings« > 

Devotedly yours, 
km Levinson« 



-'Mi 



II B 2 d (1 ) 



JEWLSE 



% 



% 






The Heform Advocate , Vol. 55, Wk. of July 20, 1918. p. 565. 









Mr. J. B. Loebner, formerly managing editor of the Weekly Jewish He cord . , 
has accepted the position of associate editor of the Daily Jewish Courier . 

Mr. Loehner has achieved a reputation as a critic and a puhlicist, contri- 
buting to various Jewish papers. Many of his articles have "been translated 
and published in the English press. 



-»• 



■ - . " 



f ■ 



.-■? 



.rtX 



*f.- 



II B 2 d (1) 

IV 

IV (Polish) 



Daily Jewish Courier > June 21, 1918, 
anSAT HONOR SHOm MR. LOUIS H/iL^-ERLINa IN CHICAGO 



JEV/I3K 



\ 




A luncheon was given yesterday afternoon in the La Salle Hotel in honor of 
hlr. Louis N. Hammerling, president of the Foreign-Language Newspaper Associa- 
tion of America. Publishers and editors of the foreign-language newspapers 
in Chicago, and Americans prominent in various fields, over a hundred in 
number, attended the luncheon. The luncheon was given on the occasion of the 
tenth anniversary of the Association. Llr» Hammerling has been at the head of 
the organization since it was founded* 



The speakers at the luncheon were: Mr. Merrick, of the National Security 
League; United States District Attorney Klein; Mr. Schtreckman, of the 
Liberty Loan Committee of the Seventh Federal Reserve District; LIr. Gerringer 
and ^Ir* Palandeck. They all praised Mr. Hammerling for his brilliemt leader- 
ship of the Association and for his patriotism as v/ell as the patriotism shovm 
by the foreign-language nevjspapers of America. 



II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - JaVJISH 

IV 

IV (Polish) Daily Jevash Courier, June 21, 1918. 

The last speaker was Mr. Hammerling himself. He thanked those present for 
the friendship and support which they had given hiiri. And with his usual en- 
thusiasm and candor, he assured them that in the future as in the past, he 
would fulfill his obligations as an Merican patriot and conscientious 
businessman. 

The publishers and editors present also passed a resolution expressing their 
loyalty to America and assuring President Wilson that they would support him 
in every undertaking to help win the v/ar against militarism and autocracy. 

The resolution was drawn up by the committee which arranged the luncheon. 
John F. Sraulski, Harry A. Lipsky, V. Gerringer, Hector Durande, Peter Lambroz, 
Alexander Johnson, John R. Palandeck, and Reverend Francis Gordon were members 
of the caranittee. 

The luncheon in Chicago is one of a series of luncheons that is being given in 
honor of Mr. Hammerling in several large American cities. Being a national 




II B 2 d (1 ) 

IV 

IV (Polish) 



- 3 - 



JEWISH 



Daily Jewish Courier , June 21, 1918 • 




figure in this country, he has met many people, outside of the publishing 
field, such as prominent American businessmen and high public officials who 
know him because in the newspaper world of this country, he has done such fine 
work for the foreigners* 



< f 



II B 2 d (1 ) JEVffSH 

III B 1 

III A Daily Jav/ish Courier , June 19, 1918. 

I G 

IV 3j\b/.tii tax2!:s II? caibj: of 

Tf (Bohemian) FGK3iaN-I^U\^GUACrE LI3;'/3R\Fii]R3 • 

The proposal to suppress the navspapers of this countiy that are printed in 
foreign languages on the ground that no faith can be placed in their loyalty 
to America, brought forth many protests from prominent people and national 
leaders who are well acquainted with the I'oreign- language newspapers and are 
convinced of their loyalty. 

In V/ashington, Gongressnan Adolph J. Sabath represents a district that v/as 
virtually settled by foreigners • He knows how loyal these people, as well 
as their compatriots in other parts of the country, are to America, an attitude 
that is reflected in the newspapers that are printed in their tongue, and 
which they read. He therefore had a conference in l7ashington recently with 
the Honorable George Ci^eel, chairman of the Committee on Public Information, 
to discuss this question, llr. Creel requested the Congressman to submit in 




II B 2 d (1) - 2 - JEI7ISII 

III B 1 

III A Daily Jewish Courier , June 19, 1918. 
I G 
TV writing the reasons he had for asking that the nev/spapers in 

IV (Bohemian) question should not be suppressed* Here is the contents of a 

letter that Llr. Sabath later sent in on this question: 

*1.Iy attention has been called to tba attempt being made to suppress the neivs- 
papers, magazines, and books printed in foreign languages. 

'♦The number of foreigners who read only in their own language is, with certain 
reservations, approximately four or five millions of people. Unfortunately, 
the nature of their work is such that although they may, v/ith great hard- 
ship, try to learn to speak ::i;nglish, they can never learn to read or write 
English. To clarify for them the purpose of this war which v/e are carrying 
on against a brutal enemy, to familiarize theia with the democratic spirit of 
our government, and to teach them how highly important it is that everyone 
here should be patriotic, we not only dare not suppress their newspapers, but 
we must encourage them, since they are the only means of propagandizing among 
the foreigners. 



II B 2 d (1) - 3 - JEV/ISH 

III B 1 

III A Daily Jewish Courier, June 19, 1S18« 
I G 

IV "The newspaper in the foreign language is the only means by 
17 (Bohei::ian) which v;e can inform them of all the disastrous incidents which 

talze place today. The people who do the great .vorlc in our 
mines, factories, iiills, plants, and other similar establishraents, could never 
give such wholehearted support to the government's preparations to win the 
war, if they did not read their newspapers v/hich rouse them to their duty and 
obligation to the land in which they live; thus the v/orkers work with greater 
diligence and we, directly and indirectly, benefit thereby. 

"Personally, I am able to read newspapers in the Bohemian, Polish, Slavic, 
Jevjish, and Gear.ian languages. And for the last six months, I have derived 
.r.reat pleasure from following the strong appeals that they print daily to 
help the government in all its undertakings. 

"I believe that it would be an unl*orgivable . mistake to suppress any one of 
the foreign nev/spapers at this time. I believe that such a step would be 
directly in opposition to our present national needs, and would be a great 



•nff^ 




II B 2 d (1) ' . 4 .' £272^ 

III B 1 

III A Daily Jewish Courier , June 19, 1918. 

I G 

IV loss to our^best interests. I believe that the newspapers in 
IV (Boheiiian) the Toreisn langua^^es prevented hostile croups iTom spreading 

hatred for governirient enterprises. I urge therefore, v/ith all 
my heart, that, for the reasons enuiaeruted aoove, the nev;spapers in question 
shoTild be left alone. 

"Instead of being restricted, they should be encouraged and praised so that 
they may continue their patriotic instruction. 

"Respectfully yours, 

"A. J. Sabath." 

Concressnan Sabath is prepared to fisht in Con<::ress any bill tiiat will be 
proposed for the suppression of foreicn-language newspapers. He also knows 
that such a bill, if passed, will particularly harm the Jewish press in 




II B 2 d (1) - 5 - J:^:a3H 

III B 1 

III A Daily Jev/ish Courier, June 19, 1918. 
I G 

rv America, and the spiritual sustenance of the Jewish reader 

IV (Boheraian) ;vill be ta]:en av;ay. 

He expresses his hope, however, that such a thing will never happen. Never- 
theless he is already busy winning other congressuen and senators to his side 
so that, if such a bill is proposed, it ;vill be voted down. 

Sx-president Theodore Roosevelt and the head of the national Security/ League 
are among those v/ho want the newspapers in foreign tongues to be suppressed. 
They v;ant only jlnglish spoken and v/ritten in America. 




.•o-.v 



.'i-^<?Jf» 



II B 8 d (1) JEiOSH 

I G 

Dally Jewish Courier , June 17, 1918. 

^ORK B3ING DOlto FOR THE COUNTRY BY OUR GOVERNMEN^ 

All the details of the work being done in Washington in behcLLf of our boys 
who are **over there" helping to win the war against the world* s foe, Germany, 
will be announced for the readers of the Courier once a week. This news will 
appear under the above-mentioned caption. The first installment will appear 
tomorrow on this page, translator's note: No caption is given here; however, 
in the succeeding issue, the caption appears as ''What Our Government Is Doing 
if'or The Countryjy • 




II B 2 (1 (1) JuSWISII 

III A 

I G Daily Jewish Courier , June 17, 1918. 

IV 

irSLLO, RE;a}3RS OF Tffi: COURIER! 

by 
J. Leibner 

I^m beginning my v;ork as associate editor of the Courier , I vi?ish to say to all 
of you that I realize iny responsibilities in this capacity, and that I hold 
in great esteem the honor v/hich the publisher of this neivspaper has accorded 
me. 

I did not come here to install new policies, to collect debts, or to do any- 
one a favor. I came here for the mutual interests of myself and the Courier — 
v/hich means also the interests of the reader. I came here to make the Courier 
a better, finer, and richer newspaper both in content and significance. 



v7 



I have been a journalist since my youth. I have always been active and have 
often joined in the demands made by Jewish interests in every aspect of human 
endeavor, both through the periodicals to which I contributed and through the 




II B 2 d (1) - 2 - J^IYISH 

III A 

I G Daily Jev/ish Cou3.''ier , June 17, 1918. 

IV 

organizations with which I ;vas connocted. Tlius I obtained a broad per- 
sonal acquaintanceship v;ith prominent people, and generally gained valuable 
ideas not only pertaining to Chicago, but to other parts of the country as 
well. The advantages thus gained I will gladly share with the readers of the 
Courier through my articles. 

The present V7orld V/ar causes many changes, in business, in- politics, and in 
social conditions. It will be my task to observe these events, and to dis- 
cern where and how they affect the interests of the readers and the advertisers, 
then to state the facts as they are. I shall discuss problems as impartially 
as possible and will fight for all that is just. 

As a journalist, I wish to say modestly, that I am very well known to the local 
Jewry, I an also known to non-Jev;s. I know everyone, and ever^^'oiB knows me. 
I knav all institutions and organizations from the ground up; I knovi what 
they have and what they lack. I kna^v their usefulness and their shortcomings, 

J mi 



II B 2 d (1) - 3 - JSinSri 

III A 

I G Daily Jewish Courier , June 17, 1918. 

IV 

They shall all receive ny due consideration. 

I believe in encou3?aging and helping every worthy undertaking. I v/ish to see 
the businessmen more successful, and the workers more satisfied. I shall 
agitate for the observance of the sacred traditions and high ideals of the 
Jewish nation; and I v;ill seek to effect a better understanding between our 
various elements so that opinions shall be respected and principles shall not 
be attacked with insults and threats • 

Henceforth I shall dedicate my loyalty, time, energy, experience, as well as 
my pen, to the Courier . I shall serve no one group, but rather v/ork for the 
"benefit of all. It is therefore in place, here, to unite eveiyone in our 
community to consider me as their friend, and to assure them that their voices 
will be heard and their opinions v^ill receive their due place. 

A new life, a nev/ interest in the Jewish community, is approaching. My pro- 
fession, as a journalist, compelled me to take an interest in every department 




II B 2 d (1) - 4 - Jlii'TISH 

III A 

I G Daily Jewish Courier > June 17, 1918. 

IV 

of the publishing business. I know everjrthinG, Tron the xvhere and how 
of getting nev/s, to the distribution of ths newspapers to the nev^sstands. I 
have studied and analyzed the latest and best methods in the non-Jev/ish news- 
paper v/orld, methods that make possible the utilization of each department 
to the greatest extent. 

I am not a stranger to the Courier . I .vorked here for almost six years. Since 
I left, it has grovm to be one of the biggest Jewish industries in the country < 
It ranks vriLth the most successful of our nev/spapers; in its circulation it 
includes Jev/ish Chicago and most of the cities of the I7est; it is the highest 
Jewish platform in this part of Aiaerica and its voice resounds every^^here. I 
know all this; and because I laiow it, I shall consider my task even more 
sacred as long as I am working for the Courier . 

I do believe that this newsDaper, even though it is a Jewish nev/spaper, should 
also deal v/ith /problems of^" general interest. Don*t forget that besides 




Daily Jewish Courier , June 17, 1918. 



II B 2 d (1) - 5 - JSCTSH 

III A 
I G 
IV 

being Jews we are also Americ€in Jewish citizens, citizens of a glorious 
republic—America I As such, we hava other duties as well* I shall write 
about all of this. I only beg (of my readers) a little patience. My heart 
is in my v/ork, and my solo aim is to make myself worthy of my profession as 
a writer in the Courier — the newspaper of and for Chicago. 




II B 2 d (1) JEWISH 

IV 

Sunday Jewish Courier , June 15, 1918. 

MR. LEIBIIER IS BACK V;iTH THE COURIER 

After an absence of about ten years, Lir. Jay Leibner has returned to the 
Courier as a co-worker on the editorial staff. iJr. Leibner is one of the best 
known men in Jewish newspaper circles. He lias an eye for local interests and 
knows how best to present such material to the public. 

lir. Leibner knows Jewish Chicago and its institutions very well, and his re- 
turn to the Courier will, without doubt, prove to be to the best interests of 
the Chicago public. His first article will appear tomorrow. 




II B 3 d (1) 



Jih.iloK 



Daily Je^/isli Courier , Jun^ 10, 1913. 

( rid vert ise::i3nt) 

.wherever you nay o on your vacatiorr thin sa^uner — to the seasiiore, to die 
inountains, or to a auiet oe^iceAil /ouatry place — see to it that your paper, 
the Courier, is delivered to "ou every day that vou Goend there. You <.ill 
feel loneso-ie and cut off fro;;, vour hoine vathout \' jur na-jer. 

*^® '^Q^^JQ^ is seat out on the early :orni i:r trains, and is delivered in 
most of the sujrciier resorts of :. iciii-:an and .;isconr>in on the same da:/. -© 
v\/ill send the Courier to you daily to '-niy place you ..Ish for only thirty cents 
a month, ^~>ayabl8 in advance. 






II I- S d (1) 



Jil.vISH 



Daily Jevdoh Courier, June 10, 1918. 

I.lail us your remittance for the sur.i;;ier subscription, in sta.ips, or brin-:it in 
to our office. 



Dail-" Jev.ish Courier 



1214- oouth i.'alsted Jtroet 



Chicac^o, Illinois 













\^. 



/ 



> 



II B 2 d (1) 



jiwisaK^ 



4^' 



^r 



The Sentinel, Wk. of March 8, I9I8. Vols. 29-3O, p.lS, 



3. B. Loehner is the editor and general manager of the Jewish Records 

He has achieved a great reputation as hoth a critic and publicist and many 

of his articles have heen translated and published In the English press. 

Mr. Loebner was bom In Bomanla and when only seventeen became editor of a 
native humorous magazine* Seventeen years ago he emigrated to this countiy 
and for five years served as city editor of the Jewish Courier . In I909 he 
and Leon Zolotkoff began to edit the Jewish Record . Incidentally, Mr. Loeb- 
ner has done considerable work toward the furtherance of the Progressive 
Party. 



«;.*•** 






II B 2 d (1) 



JEWISH 



"T:> 

of 

**'*' ■, 



The Sentinel t Wk. of March 8, V^\Z. Vols, 29-30* p. 18, 



:> 



The Jewish Hecord occupies an xinasual position In Its field. It Is a ^^ 
weekly newspaper, printed In Yiddish, and is the leading literary publica- 
tion In that language In the West, !• Shapiro, commissioner and secretary 
of the West Park Board, Is the publisher. 

Its regular contributors Include K. Marraor, editor of the Chicago Dally 
World ; Dr. Uorrls Helnhart; S, Qreenblau, formerly editor of the Dally 
Jewish Press; Israel Blum, the poet; Dr. Israel Marcus; J. M. Wolfsohn, 
formerly, editor of the Dally Jewish Courier : Eoman 0. Lewis, and S. H. 
Album, the foremost orthodox rabbi In Chicago. 



\. 



11 2 2 6. (1) 



JE7ISH 



^l 4 •■^ ■ 



The Dail y >^orld, Janupry 8, 1918 



THE COU-RIEH'S ?QG?C:;S C:! jr:S. (Sditorirl.) 

Several of our reocers ^ill perhrps wonder anrrily v/hy ^ve continuplly brin^ 
to their attention the existence of the Courier. They must not for^^et thr-t 
the reactionary elements in Je^-^ish life rre rich in material resources and 
are ahle to publish a paper even thouf;:h it iif. respised "by the Jerish masses. 
The Je^vish Pres s actually exists in Chica^^o, edited by Abe lieblir^, and the 
Courier bv Leon Zolof'ioff. Both are "t)a.triots" end. "-oro-^^r" until the end* 
The difference betv/een them is that the Courier has the power to h^.n^notize 
the Jewish nas'^es in tirie of election* 

The Courier controls the Vad Hara.bonin (organized ra'^-bis), the Central Helief 
for war victims, the Marks ITathan Hone, and oth<=r ch? ritahie institutions, 
Hebre^v schools, presidents of the synagof.-ues , e.nd the entire Zionist m.ovenent 
of Chica-TO. The Courier takes advantav^'e of these ora-anizations for its politi- 
cal, financial, and "social" purposes* 



The Courier recently made a. sandv;ich of Jack Loeb's Christmas-Zionism end 
"war until the end patriotism.." It reiterates all the reactionary editorials 



II 3 2 d (1) 

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_ n _ 



JIT-TISH 



'^{iU.)^f(Oj.3o^/.^ 



The Drily '"or Id, JanuuTy 8, 191 






from the caoitalist press and disguises its vile :"orm under the blue-white 
"banner of Zionism. 

The Courier is a brd actor s^nd only ir'iots "believe its? "pr>triotism,*' "Juda^- 
isn," and "Zionism." It has greater success in the role of a Purim actor 
thpn by declarin*^ thpt its Zionists do not recognize the government of Trot- 
sky s-nd Lenin anc? they did so on the sane day thnt mir2;hty Enf^land hinted 
that she Trill reco/^nize then. 



The Courier i? a rrepter crip .le vrhen it 'vants to tlirow a stone at the 
Socialists in aji indirect manner. Bein^ in constant fear that the Jewish 
Socirlists \7ill succeed in terrin-^; off its mask of "American Patriotism," 
"Jewish Social ^ork," and "Zionism," the Courie r, t;iereforo, seeks to dis- 
credit the Jewish Socialists, who vrant to clean;^e the Je^vry of Chica:P*o from 
the ola/me from which it wishes to become free. The Courier is too much 
of a cowarcl to Dublicly attack the onranized Jewish Labor Movem.eat of 
Chica^r:o, so it seelcs to discredit it indirectly by spreading false rumors 
about it'^ comrades. 



* II B 2 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



The World , October 22, I9I7. 
J^EWISH SOCIALIST PUBLISHINa ASSOCIATION ALRFADY OBGANIZED. 



^■'^') PROJ. 3Q2?i, 



The conference for a dally la1)or periodical in Chicctgo that finally real-* 
ized the old dream "by publishing The World > at a meeting yesterday, held 
in the lAiited Hebrew Trades Hall, IIU5 Blue Island avenue, terminated that 
gloxlous chapter of its work, by creating the Jewish Socialist Publishing 
Association* 

The Jewish Socialist Publishing Association is an organization of repre- 
sentatives from three sections of the Jewish labor movement in Chicago - 
Socialist branches, trade unions, and the Worlcmen's Circle, and this asso- 
ciation has now officially taken the paper under its control, guaranteeing 
its success by that great undertaking* After adopting the constitution, 
stating that every Socialist or Progressive organization may become a mem- 
ber of that body, the association immediately took up the question ae how 
to enlarge The World to meet the great demand of the masse s» It was 
tuiderstood that above all* it is important that our paper shall possess 
its own press, so that it should not be printed some where else, which 
creates considerable difficulties in publishing the newspaper in regular 



k . .'^ ^ ^ ■ . - . _ '--^■i.'^ij- Jli-^S.' jl_-,■•J?i.Jll.^"i?.1.^«lJt; 






II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - JEWISH 

MfPA (ILL.) PROJ. 30275 
The World , October 22, 1917# 

time* Tor this purpose, the association determined to Issue loan certifi- 
cates at five dollars and higher, for a general fund of $5,000#00 - 

The Jewish Socialist Publishing Association expects all workers and organi- 
zations that are in oynpathy with the workers, as well as individual per- 
sons, to participate in the loan and help further the success of The World s 
The certificates can he redeemed within one year after its Issuance, i*e« 
the association borrows $5,000 from the friends of The World for only 
twelve months time and then everybody will receive his or her money back 
for the certificates at maturity • 

The following were elected officers of the association: Hyman Schneidt 
president; Sam Diamond, secretary-treasurer; H, Snyderman, recording sec- 
retary, and I« Sllverstein, sergeant at arms. Members of the ctdminlstra- 
tlve council are: E» Witt, U* Lemer, A. Stem, I* Blumen, A. Alport, and 
L« Hanock* 



II B 2 d (1 ) JEWISH 

^VPA (ILL) PRO.; ^0275 
The World . Octoter 17, 1917, 

JSWISE COUBIEE THBEATENS THE FRIENDS OF THE WOHLD ^ 

The Jewish Courier moves convulsively In despair; It sees and feels that 
Its reactionary doctrlnest In the Jewish districts, comes to a quick ending* 
In the course of three days, the fact Is affirmed that the readers of the 
Courier will cease reading It as soon as a new dally newspaper Is published* 
The World has coinpletely demonstrated It* 

Thousands of readers of the Courier of yesterday are readers of the World 
today* This hurts the owners of the Courier and they seek to terrorize the 
advertisers and the standkeepers* They have also attempted to write 
warnings to the printers* union, against the publishers of the World. The 
great success of the first two ntunbers of the World was surpassed by our 
third number and the burning wrath of the publishers of the Courier also 
ascended In proportion* They actually lost all patience; they threatened 
the standkeepers by saying that they would post news-boys at the stands 
and drive them out of business If they keep the World * 



II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - JEWISH 

I C 



The World. October I7, 1917, 



WPA(ILL)PR:j.302yb 



The tnith, however , is that the standkeepers cannot be involred; they are 
merely workers seeking a livelihood 1^ selling papers that the public de- 
mands and the public now demands the World* The owners of the Courier are 
greatly mistaken if they think that hy threats they can compel the readers 
to read their paper. The great masses of advanced men and women of Chicago 
do not recognize the Courier and longer; they have now their own "World*" 

The publishers of the World, the labor organizations of Chicago, are highly 
pleased that the paper received such enthusiastic reception from all strata 
of the masses. The contrivances of the Courier will not help* Fate deter- 
mined that the World shall replace the Courier for the Jewish masses of 
Chicago* The advanced laboring masses have now their own periodical* 



II B 2 d (1) JBWISH 

IB 

WPA (ILL) PROj. 30276 
!ghe World , Octoter 15, 1917# 

THOUSANDS BXTiIND aBEETIH&S TO THE FIRST EDITION OP THE WORLD. 

The old revolutionary melody that once inspired and carried the armies 
of liherty to the great triunqph over the Bastille, the "Ifarsellaise,^ with 
the song of the revolution, the "International,** is announcing the glad 
tidings, Saturday evening, that a new ''World*' was bom; that the Jewish 
workers of Chicago have finally found their "World;" that the local 
organized working class has finally succeeded in establishing its own 
organ -* that our daily paper The World is already published! Uore than 
3tOOO men and women, representatives from all branches of our movement, 
filled the gigantic hall of the Second Regiment Armory and extended greet- 
ings to the birth of our daily paper, with indescribable enthusiasm^ 

Comrade Earl D« Sandburg, on behalf of the Cook County Socialist Party, 
extended greetings by presenting $100 and promising further support to the 
paper; Professor Scott Hearing, chairman of the Peoples Council, spoke 
about the power of a labor press, and a few other greetings followed, with 
a donation of $25 from the Bialy stock Branch 127 » Workmen's Circle* Sev<- 
eral copies of The World were later auctioned* The first copy was bought 
for $23* The auction sale cleared a total of $1^* 



- < 



'.••f 



/ 



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I E 
I H 



jErnsH 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



The World . October 14, 1917, 



The organized Jewish working olass is the publisher of the Daily World * 

It will be the paper of the Jewish masses. It is published with their help 

and for their interests* 

The labor organizations struggle for the abolition of capitalism and for the 
reoonst ruction of a social system in which every aant irlthoat discrimination 
on ground of rellglont race or sex*«e« shall receive the full fruits of his 
labor* 

The principle task of the World shall therefore be to help the Jewish Masses 
In the struggle for a better standard of living* It will honestly enlighten 
them on all problems of the day and on the views and demands of the organized 
working class; the trade unions; the Socialist Party; the Workmen's Circle 
and the Cooperative movement* 



^ ^ i 



II B 2 d (1) ' -2- JEWISH 

IE 

I H ^p;^ (ILL,) PROj. 30275 

The World . October 14, 1917. 

« 

The Worldt is above all, interested in the life of Chicago* It will devote 
a greater part of its oolumns to the local Jewish and general welfare* It 
will not only be limited to labor problems* It will also disclose to Chicago 
Jewry the defects and the necessary improvements in the children's eduoationt 
the conduct of the public institutions and every thing else pertaining to 
social life* 

The World is not interested in fooling the public nor in flattering it* Its 
news will be compiled honestly and will give a clear picture of actual life* 

The World will not only supply its readers with dry facts, but also with 
an explanation of the facts* It will illuminate them with the beacon light 
of the ideology of Socialism* It shall enlighten them with editorials and 
articles in which the events of life shall be discussed from the standpoint 
of the organised working class* 



II B 2 d (1) -3- JEVflSH 

I E 



I H 



WPA (ILL) PROj. 30276 
The World, Ooto er 14, 1917* 



The World will furnish its readers with popular scientific articles on the 
nature of mankindf countries and races; easily comprehended articles on 
hygiene and health of the individual as well as the whole of society; it shall 
also devote much space to art and literature; good novelSit instruction and 
poems; through which* it shall enrich the minds and ennoble the sentiment of 
its readers* 

\ 

In order that it may be in a condition to fulfill its task, the World shall 
have the following sections: 

NewSf Jewish and general, domestic and foreign, espeoially of the laboring 
masses* S ditorials and articles* Consideration on the most important pro- 
blems of life, which shall interest every reader* 



II B 2 d (1) -4- JSY/ISH 

I E 



I H 



WPA (ILL) PROj. 30275 
The World. October, 14, 1917. 



Sooiali8m« (l) The teachings of the sooialist theory, its history and 
derelopaent* (2) Contributions, reports and news of the S. P«, Jewish 
Socialist Federationt and of the Socialist Movement in general, domestic and 
foreign. (3) A weekly survey of the socialist press from all currents* 

•4* 

Trade Unionism* (l) Popular articles on trade-unions written by well known 
labor leaders* (2) Communications and reports from the local labor organi- 
sations* (3) Correspondence and news of the labor movement in the United 
States and all other countries* (4) A weekly survey of the Jewish press and 
other languages. 

Periodicals and Magazines, (l) A survey of the Jewish papers: The readers of 
*he World shall be informed with the problems dealt with there, what opinions 
are being voiced and the opinion of the Daily World * (2) Everj/^thing that 
the Non- Jewish papers speak about the Jews, aboutthe workers, about socialism 
and about other things which should interest the readers of the World s 



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I H 



-5- 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30276 



The World. October 14, 1917 



Correspondenoe from United States and other countries* 5elles LettreSt 
novels, essays, poems, feuilletons, and humor* 

Critquet Criticism on literature and art* Review of books In various lang- 
uages, especially on such books which are written In Yiddish or have a Jew- 
ish or social content* 

Scientific Division* Hygiene, (health, cleanlinaee), astronomy, biography^ 
history and so forth* 

/ Peoples Voice. Every reader may contribute to this colu?Tin, his or her opinion 
on any problem, which the rules permit to publish* 

V 

Social Life* The editor will accept, in this column, short announcements on 
social activities and public gatherings^ 



^' t 



II B 2 d (1) -6- JEWISH 

IE ^ 

^ ^ WPA (ILL.) PROJ. 3027b 

The World. OotoTDer 14, 1917. 

Almanao* ConTentlons and speaohes of every day» 

ft 

Letter Box* In this section, the World will answer all questions submitted by 
its readers* 

These are the main features of the program of The World s Now, we will not 
promise anything else, but we can assure our readers that we shall always 
attempt to improve the contents stnd to bring The fforld , to the standard to 
which we strive* 

E ditorship 

(This is the first edition of the World ^ 






/> 



-<^- 

^ 



II B 2 d (1) JICVISH g. 






IV 

The Sentinel, Volumes 23-24. 'Teek of October 27, 1916. Page 2A. ^ > 

Peter Boyarsky, who occupied p. leading place in the field of Jev/ish 
iournalism under the nen name of "Ikele Mazik,** died on October 20 • He 
was born in Grodo, Russia 51 years ago, and came to Chicago from New York.^ 
Shortly after his arrival here, he started the Jewish Daily Courier and 
for 13 years, was its editor. 



II B 2 d (1) 



Jjl./rJII 



I 3 3 a 

I 3 3 b Daily Jo\;ish Courier , Sept. 15, 1915. 

TEE] ::e:I3L of lite 

start in;: next Sunday, the editorial off ico of the Courier will feature a 
nev; colui.m for its readers entitled: "The ..11061 of Life". Cur readers 

thenselves v;ill be the sole contributors to this coluinn, its editors, if ^ 

you will, because all v;ell-v;ritten hurnan interest stories \rLll be ■!')rinted 5 

there. Tliis column will be an honest reflection of life; one can ercpect >ci 

to find joy, as vrell as sorrox;, depicted there. p 

"Je ;vish to take this opportiinity to speak briefly about /^the vicissitudes o 
ofT" life. Life has been likened \into a r;heel. Life does not remain static ^ 
any inore than a wheel does. It /life/ is constantly inoving and chanc^ing. S 
IlYer3rthing that happens is iiomentarj', and soon disappears. Other incidents en 
take their place; these also are subject to change by still other events^ 
Tlie life of an individual is like a v/heel; its spokes are the joy and sor- 
rov;, the hope and disappointment, the love and hate, the belief and despair 



II B 2 d (1) - 2 - JI.;iSil 

I 3 3 a 

I B 5 b Daily Jewish Courier > Sept. 15, 1916. 

/y/hich he e:q)eriences7'» Thousands of voices call upon inan to enjoy his 
life. The sun shines brightly upon hin. :J1 of his energy is avjakened. 
His soul is filled vath joy, and melodies of love ring in his ears. From 
thousands of ivonen, a mn selects but one and vice versa. 

Wiien a couple marry, who are as happy as the^T-? 'The vjorld appears to be a 
paradise to both the husb .nd and vdfe. xJ.1 difficulties are minimized. -^ 
They cannot believe that they will ever have to boar a heavy burden. F 

But life is not what it appears to be in one*s dreams. V/hen the wheel o 

/itfel begins to turn, it often becomes so complex that it becomes a dif- • i^ 

ficult burden for man to endure. Life is chanf^ed into a v:ell of tears, an S 

abyss of profound suffering. ^ 

llany j^^ears after marriage, when a man and xdfe have brought children into 
the vx)rld; v/hen they have become accustomed to each other, the wheel of 






II B 3 d (1) - 3 - ic:nsH 

I 3 3 a 

I 3 3 b Daily Jev/ish Courier , 3ept. 15, 1916. 

life begins to spin. Occasionally a serpent coi:ies betv/een them, in the 
form of an intrigante, and a quiet, peaceful family life is shattered. 
Both the Tiian and woman begin to look at each other i;ryly. This arouses 
hatred in then^ which poisons their souls, or jealousy, ivhich disturbs their 
consciences, /md their peaceful life becomes an unbearable hell» 



3> 



iind what about unfortunate love affairs? These also v/ill iiave their place ^ 
in the "Viheel of Life". There v;as a time v/hen an unfortunate girl, for- C 
saken and uncared-for, v;hose heart v:as broken, and v;hose life vjas ruined, ^ 
vias the sole ideal of some young man. ^t least, tliat is v/hat the girl thought. 2 
Her path in life v:as covered with roses and blossoios. The perfuiied air ex- ^ 
haled a fragrant aroma all around her. Ecstasy pursued her and good fortune C3 
smiled upon her. irno else could attain such happiness? She would call her 
loved one, "m^'- happiness," "my treasure," "my friend," "my soul." \Iho said 
that the v/orld vns bad, or that life vjas horrible? Probably they v;ere peo- 
ple who had never been in love. This is what the innocent girl thought. She 
did not realize that the wheel was constantly spinning. She was duped by 






II B 2 d (1) -4- J^;/ISII 
I 3 3 a 

I B 3 b Daily Jewish Courier , Sept. 15, 1916. 

her Sv^reetneart* Her lover v-'as untrue to her* \Ihen he vasn't v/ith her, 
he was unfaithful to her. ;uid at a time v/hen he had pronised to be 
eternally faithful, v;hen he took her in his arns, he was either think- 
ing of someone else or he vjas only satisfying his physical desires* iind 
when she realized the truth, she felt bitterly defeated* She vx)uld cry, 
and mumur, despondently, "'./hy am I so unfortunate? \Jhy vjas I bom into 
this \7orld? \[hy is fate so horrible, why am I tortured?** p: 

A shadowy cloud covers the life of this young soul* She strikes the § 

chords of lamentation and despair on the harp of life* Tears stream from ^ 

her eyes and her soul is enveloped in sadness* It seems as though she S 

can never again attain peace, and she despairs of finding love and fortune. ^ 

Even among elderly people, those v;ho have passed their youth, and have 
lived through all the liopes and disappointments, all the joys and sorrows 
of youthful love— even among these people, changes take place* Each time 



II 3 2 d (1) - 5 - Jir^/ISH 

I B 3 a 

I B 3 b Daily Jexvisli Courier > Sept. 15, 1916. 

that fate spins the v;heel, the poor suddenly become rich and the rich, 
poor; the hope of receiving liap:;^iness fron children is shattered by the 
bitter realization tliat children can also bring crief and trouble to 
their parents. Parents face many hardships v;hen they raise children. 

They v;ork constantly in order to make their c/.ildren*s lives comfortable. :^ 

Tliey give them an education and teach then either a trade or a profession. ^ 

z^re the burdens of life too heavy for a father or nother? IIoI Tliey carry ~ 

their burdens jo^/fully, disrenardin^T their v-^i^ht. But the ar-ed nother C 

and father trust that their cliildrcn v;ill respect then and repa^/ them for ^ 

the hardships they have endured. But ^reat disappoiiitnents often occur. 2 

The v/heel of life, X7hich is constantly opinnin^:, turns and the liappiness oo 

of parents is shattered v;hen their children icnore then. The parents of § 

such cliildren are brokenhearted because the latter are ungrateful. ^ 

Such events cp on without stoppinr;. ,.ho can enunorate and count so many? 
These incidents v:ill be reflected in the nev; column, ^'Tlie ..heel of life," 
vmich v;ill becin next Sunday in the Je.ash Courier. 



II 3 






a 



-3 o 



1 si 



a 

3 b 



(1) 



*) -J dH JL'^l^^ 



13aily Jevrish Courier, Jept. lij, 1916. 



The readers of the Courier v:ill be tlio autliorn -^nd editors of this coliLin, 
and everybody v. ill be ^:iven a cliance to record liis or her eicperiences. 
I^ach villi receive an appropriate ansv;er to all questions. 






CD 



CO 
CD 






II B 2 d (1) 



je;yish 



WP/^ {ilL.; PRuJ, 30276 

The Dally Jewish Labor V/orld, April 28, 1916. 

IMPORTMT DECISIONS REGARDING A DAILY NEWSPAPER • 

A oonferenoe was held Wednesday night in reference to a local dally publl- 
cation, and the following resolutions have been adopted: 

To recommend Comrade Lltvak as editor of the daily paper, to the publisher of 
the Jewish Labor '.Vorld; to Inform the workers that the Daily Labor World will 
have its first appearance on Labor Day, Monday September 1; to raise a fund of 
two thousand dollars by Labor Day; to immediately send an appeal to all Workmen's 
Circle branches and trade unions in the country for the Dally ; and to inform 
the Forward not to come to Chicago to publish a local newspaper; and to or- 
gguiize a large publishing association* 

It was also determined that this conference shall hold its meetings every 
Second and Fourth Sunday morning at 1125 Blue Island Avenue. 



I I B 2 d (1) -2- JP^TISH 

The Daily Jewish Labor :7orld, April 88, 1916. ^^' ^'^-^ ^^Oj. 3027b 

Tv/elve new organizations have joined the conference making fifty-five organi- 
zations represented and all the delegates are full of enthusiasm for the v/ork 
of raising funds for the dailynewspaper# All organizations appoint delegates 
for the next confarencet Sunday morning May 14 • 



II B 2 d (1) 

II B 2 d 13) 

III B 2 



JEWISH 



^Pf^0LL)PROi3Q2:/i, 



Daily Jewish Courier ^ June 22, 1914* 
THE NE;/ JE'WSH directory IN CHICAGO • 



Mr* !♦ M» ffolfaon's Chicago's Jewiah Direct orv t for the Jewish Year 5675, 
is now ready for publication and distribution. It has been augmented, 
and now wii;. contain names of many Jewish organizations, lodges, rereins, 
unions, synagogues, etc., of men and women in the Chicago suburbs, not 
listed in last year's directory. This directory is to be forwarded to 
the Daily Jewish Courier for its immediate publication. 

Even among those organizations mentioned in the older directories, there 
have been Mooiy changes in the names of officers, etc., and hence we are 
including each and every organization with names of the new officers and 
their addresses* 



II B 2 d (1) 

III A 
I C 



JjL^JISE 



Daily Jewish Courier. Liar. 23, 1914. 
A mVrlLTI IN TfL. /J^IGLO-JEWISII lldiWSPaFSR ;vORLD 



(Editorial) 

Among the nian:^ nev/spapers expecially the i\nglo-Jev/ish weekly periodicals, 
which deluge a newspaper office and v;hich a journalist is subject to pe- 
ruse, we have found this v/eek the Sentinel » This weekly periodical, v/hich 
is published in Chicago, is new to us. 

IVhen opening this periodical, with the usual yawn which a writer is v/ont to 
give v;hen he is about to look through the large stack of papers and journals, 
we become intensely interested in it. V/e immediately notice that the 
Sentinel is somewhat different from all other Anglo- Jewish v/eekly journals. It 
is a novelty in the i\nglo- Jewish newspaper world. 

V/e have in mind the literary side of this journal. The nev/s items are treated 
much the same as in all other periodicals. As far as obituary notices or 
social announcements are concerned, the Sentinel is no exception to the rule. 




II B 2 d (1) -2- J^V:iSH 

III A 

I C Daily Jev/ish Courier > Liar. 23, 1914. 

Naturally, the Anglo- Jewish periodicals are organs of the editors. Most 
of the editors of the Anglo-Jewish periodicals are rabbis, /uid in most 
cases the rabbis* articles are merely a repetition of their sermons. 
Therefore most editorials appearing in the /inglo- Jewish newspapers are 
along religious lines and not secular. 

The Sentinel is distinguished from all other newspapers because its edito- 
rials do not only correspond with but are rather diametrically opposed to the 
views of tho editor. In this respect, the Sentinel is almost like the daily 
Jewish newspai)ers. ITie editor of the Sentinel is Rabbi ..braham Hirschberg, 
a Jev; uuo "believes" that every Jev; who is a Zionist ought to be deported 
from America. Yet the Sentinel is adorned with the Star of David and its 
associate editors are constantly disseminating the principles of Zionism. 

Upon looking at the Sentinel, ,.ith the Star of David and Rabbi Hirschberg 
as editor, all this caused us to cease" yawning. 




II B 2 d (1) 
II B 2 d (2) 

American Jewish Year Book, 1916-17 - Pg* 272-273 



JEWISH 



New Jewish Periodicals - Chicago o 

Jewish Provision Dealer ♦ Yiddish-English* Weekly. First issue, November 12, ^15. 

Unser Wor t. Yiddish. Monthly. First issue September, 1915. Organ of Jewish - 
Socialist -T^rritorialist Labor Party of America. 

Yiddish Art Companion . Monthly. First issue January 7, 1916. Established as 
weekly. 

Zion Messenger . English. Monthly. First issue September, 1915. Official 
organ Knights of Zion during 19th annual convention. 

Bnai Brith News , 1228 Tribune Building, Chicago. Monthly. Established 1908 
P. 329. 

The Chicago Israelite , 440 S. Dearborn. Weekly. Est. 1885. P. 329. 

The Daily Jewish Call t 1107 S. Halsted St. Yiddish. Daily. Established 1900 as 
•T)er Taglicher Yiddesher Kol**. P. 329. (See also Sunday Jewish Call.) 



II B 2 d (1) - 2 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (2) 4 

American Jewish Year Book , 1916-17 - Pg* 272-273 ^ 

Daily World t 1128 Blue Island Ave., Chicago. Yiddish. Daily. Established Oct#J27 

14, 1917. Est* 1007 as ••Jewish Labor World*** P. 329. -tj 

Observer , 1258 W* Taylor, Chicago, 111. Monthly* Established 1912. P. 333 la 
(See questionnaire)* Official Organ of the Chicago Hebrew Institute. 



c:5 



The Reform Advocate , 7 S* Dearborn, Chicago* Weekly, Est* 1891* P* 333 

The Sentinel , 14 W. Washington, Chicago* Weekly* Est* 1910* P* 334. 

Der Sonntag Courier , 1214 S. Halsted St. Yiddish* Weekly. Est. 1887* P* 334 
Sunday Edition of Der Taglicher Judischer Courier. 

The Sunday Jewish Call , 1107 S. Halsted* Yiddish* Weekly* Est* 1907 as •Tjer 
Sonntag Kol*** P* 334* 

Der Talicher Judischer Courier , 1214 S. Halsted. Yiddish. Daily. Est. 1887. P. 
334. English title, •TPhe Daily Jewish Courier**. 

Unser Wort , 195 E. Broadway, New York City* Yiddish. Monthly* Est. August, 1915 
in Chicago. P* 335* Organ of the Jewish Socialist-Territorialist Labor Party 
in America* 



II B g d (1) - 3 - iBM 

II B 2 d (2) *'P4 

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K> 



American Jewish Year Book . 1916-17 - Pg. 272-273 y z,^ 
Der Yiddisher Record, 1127 Blue Island. Yiddish. Weekly. Established 1910. 



P. 335. 



_. ^. .»..»--••'' -•""■ ■ 



■>..••-**■-■■■■ 



1IB2_^ 









V) 



jMISH 









II B 2 d (1) Jg//ISH \ 

II B 2 d (2) 



-TO 

o 



American Jewish Year Book, 1913-14., pp. 414 - 420. \^ 

JEWISH PEHIODICALS APPEARLNG IN CHICAGO JULY 1, 1912 TO JUNE 30, 1913* ^ 

3*nai B'rith News^ Monthly. Established 1908. The Chicago Israelite . 
Weekly. Established l885« (Chicago edition of the American Israelite) . 
Jewish Daily Press » Yiddish. Established 1901. Jewish Press. 
Yiddish. Daily. Established 1888. Jewish Progress. Yiddish. Weekly. 
Established l888. (Weekly edition of Jewish PressT T The Reform 
Advocate. Weekly. Established I89I. The Sentinel. Weekly. Established 
1911. Per Sonntag: Courier . Yiddish. Weekly. Established I887. 
(Sunday edition of Per T&glicher Jttdischer Courier) . Per Sonntag Kol. 
Yiddish. Weekly. Established I9OO. (Sunday edition of Per Tgglicher 
Yiddisher Kol) . Per Taglicher Ju&ischer Courier. Yiddish. Paily. 
Established 1887* Per. Taglicher Yiddisher Kol^ Paily. Established 
1900. Yiddishe Arbeiter Welt. Yidcish. Weekly* Established I908. 
Per Yiddisher Record. Yiddish. Weekly. Established I9IO. 



r 



II B 2 d (1) JEWISH 

Daily Jewish Courier, January 1, 1913 • YJPA (im pn,^ 

CHICAGO JET^rvY ;7ILL RESPOND* 

Although many Jews of Chicago, adhering to the class interested in the 
Hebrew language, will not approve of everything that Ur. 1. Suballsky, 
the publisher and editor of the Hayahudi , stated when appealing to 
Chicago Jewry, to help him establish a newspaper, printed in Hebrew, 
in America, there will be many who will contribute, no less than one 
dollar to such a fund and there will apparently be several who will 
contribute an honorable sum. 

The Jews of Chic8.go will not contribute toward this fund because of the 
reasons expressed by LIr. Suballsky in his appeal* The conception, 
that the American, or the Chicago, Jews are mendicants or parasites be- 
cause they aru .satisfied merely with Hebraic newspapers from abroad is 
not only ridiculous but also very naive* . 



II B 2 d (1) - 2 - JEv7ISH 

Daily JewiBh Jourier , January 1, I913. WPA (iLL) FROJ. 302/5 

If Mr* Suballsky will oublish the Hayahudi in America, and if he will 
have as many subscribers as the European - Hebrew newspapers have in 
America, he will not exist very long. 

Lovers of Hebrew, nationalist ically minded Jews, rabbis, shochtim, 
cantors, and Zionists have no more reason to subscribe and to render 
aid to an Hebraic newspaper than the common layman, especially when the 
editor confesses that his ne'vTspaper will be an impartial one# The 
newspaper will hold the interests of nationalists, if the paper will 
be nationalistic; rabbis - if city publishes biblical liter-iture; cantors 
- if it publishes musical liter ture; it is not the language in which 
a party man is interested, it is the matter which is being treated. 



II B 2 d (1) - 3 - JEWISH 

Daily Jev.-ish Courier , January 1, 1913 • ''^PA (ILL.) PROj. 30275 

It is neither pitiful nor disgraceful that tv/o million Jews are unable 
to support a small Hebraic press; they can support one should they want 
to» They fail in their support not on account of meanness, but merely 
because it is a Jew, holding reactionary ideas, v/ho appears disguished 
in the word "Kebraic Press** and wants to impose his opinions upon the 
great masses • 

The reason why Ltr. Suballsky will receive the support which he requests - 
and from the non-Hebrew patriots - is due to the fact that we -^re well 
off materially and everyone will do his best to give Ilr. Suballsky, or 
others an opportunity, to establish and support an Hebraic newspaper ♦ 



« 

t 



^-0 



II B 2 d (1) 



JFTVISK i' 



II 3 2 d (2) 



"•n 



c: 



cr 



The American Jewish Year B ook^ 5673t Septeaber 12, 1912 to Cctoher 1, 1913. \^ 
— •* Edited by ""^ 

HERBERT FRIEDSITvTALD 

A LIST OF JPmSH PSRICDi::.^LS APPEARIN(] IN ^E imiTED CTATES: JULY 1, 1911 

TO JUNE 30, 1912* CHICAGO, ILLINOIS 

3'na i B^rlth News> English I.'onthly, Established 1908. ( p* 263) 

Chlcar.Q Hebrew Institute L^esrien^er ^ En-lish ^lonthly^ First issue, Koveniber, 
1909* (p. 263) 

Organ of Chicago Hebrev/ Institute, Chicago, Illinois. 

The Chica go Israelite, English 'eekly. Established 1354. Chicago edition 
of the American Israelite* (p. 263) 



1 

J 



II B 2 d (1) - 2 - JE-IGE ^ 

II B 2 d (2) 









The American Jev/lsh Year Book. 5^73$ September 12, 1912 to October 1, 1913. ^^ 

Edited by ^^ 

IIERB'.'RT FRirDEir.'ALD 

Independent Order Free Sons of Israel. Established 1903. 
Ors^.n of the Order (p. 269) 

Jev/ish Press. Yiddish Daily. Established 1383. (p. 270) 

Jevdsh Proorress. Yiddish ^Veekly. Established 1333. (p. 270) 
V/eekly edition of Jev/ish Press, (p 270) 

Jev/ish Sentinel. English ".'eekly. Established (?) (p. 270) 

The Reform Advocate. English ^Veekly. Established 1391. (p. 272) 






>-' 






II B 2 d (1) - 3 - JEWISH ^^^ 



II B 2 d 



^ 



The American Jewish Year Book > 5673f September 12, 1912 to October 1, 1913* 

Edited by 
Herbert Friedenwald* 

Per Sonntag Courier ♦ Yiddish Weekly • Established 188? • 

English title. The Sunday Jewish Courier t Sunday edition of Per Taglicher 

Yiddischer Courier > (p> 272^ 

Per Sonntag Koll> Yiddish V/eekly* Established 1900, 

English title. The Sunday Jewish Call» Sunday edition of Per Taglicher 

Yiddischer Kol^ (p> 272) 

Per Tagl Icher Yiddischer Courier ^ Yiddish Daily • Established l887* 
English title, The Paily Jewish Courier^ (p. 272) 






i. 






$ 








II B 2 d 


^^1 




II B 2 d 


2 



- 4 - JEWISH 



The American Jewish Year Book, 5673f September 12, 1912 to October 1, 1913# 

Edited by 
Herbert Friedenwald, 

Per Taglicher Yiddischer Kol> Yiddish Daily. Established 1900. 
English title, The Daily Jewish Call , (p. 272) 

Yiddische Arbeiter Welt , Yiddish Weekly. Established I908. 

Organ of the Jewish Socialist Publishing Association. English title, 

Jewish Labor iVorld. (p. 273) 

Der Yiddischer Record. Yiddish Weekly. First issue March 4, I9IO. 
English title, The Jewish Record (p. 273). 



II B 2 d (1 ) 



/ 



JEWISH 






% 



The Sentinel. Wk. of April lU, I9II. Vols. 1-2, p. 2. 



'^-^ 



5 



West Park Ho* 2, will issue its first Journal on April lU, under the title/v* 
Tor Better Haiaanity » This is the first newspaper to he published iQr any 
of the public parks • 

!• Albert Aisenstadt has been chosen editor in chief • Advisors will be 
Sidney A* Teller, on the park, and C» H« Xnglish, on athletics* There will 
be four departments - the literaxy, under Sajouel Jacobson; social, under 
Xdward Harris; athletic, \mder Edward J* Joyce; and fine arts, under 
Isaac E* Sockel« 



/ 



II B 2 d (1) 
IV 



JEWISH 



Jewish Courier> November 29 > 1910 • 



WPA (ILL) PROJ J0275 



., THE '.70RKER3 GHETTO 

Dr# K. Forenberg, a well knovm Jewish writer and former editor of the 
Future, is back in Chicago to taJce charge of the editorship of the 
Jewish Workers World» We hope that Mr» Forenberg will have better 
luck than he had in his last editorship; that he will understand this 
undertaking to better advantage, and that he will have this published 
in a workers weekly, 7/e mean not only a newspaper with Jewish letters, 
but a real Jewish workers newspaper* Success to you, Dr# Forenberg, 
Resp* ••Sochet Ben Harav" 






II B 2 d (1) 



JMISH 

WPA (ILL) PRO. 3U276 
Courier^ November 8, 1910 • 



A NEW UNION WEEKLY PUBLICATION IN CHICAGO, FOR JEWISH WOHKEPS. 

The New Union Weekly Jewish publication is beginning to show up at the various 
news stands in the city^ and we are sure that it will be welcome in every 
workers home, for it will have all the necessary articles written in reference 
to Jewish workers in the clothing trade and ladies garment workers. 

The trade union pages will be furnished by the International Garment Workers 
Union and will be edited by some of the best Jewish writers in America* A 
publication of this kind is certainly worthy of the support of every one con- 
nected with a union and to see that it should be read by all Jewish workers in 
the land. 



I \ 

I 



II B 2 d (1 ) 

I P 5 • JEWISH 

T . V c. ^ ;, w o ^r.r.r. ^™ (ILL) PROJ, 302?S 

Jewish Standard , May g, 1909, 

Mr. Abraham J, Lietling, son of Mr. Liebling, publisher and editor of 
the Jewish Daily Press was reappointed as a meraher of the Small Park 
Board Commission for the ensuing year. 



.^. j.^'.* 



II B 2 d (1) 

I B 4 

17 



JEWISH 



Daily Jewish Courier . Dec. 27, 1908 



HEAED AM) SEEN 



The Jewish public of Chicago should be grateful to Rabbi Shloime-Chaim for 
his decision to investigate many very important matters. Rabbi Shloime- 
Chaim is the most honest and most Orthodox rabbi in Chicago and in the 
whole world. He has recently shown that he is the most efficient rabbi— 
the most suitable person to take charge of meeting the needs of all the 
Jews in America, Russia, Poland, Lativa, etc* His uncompromising fight 
against intermarriage will go down in Jewish history as outstanding. Rabbi 
Shloime-Chaim offered a prize of $5.00 for an article on the subject of 
intermarriage. This alone proves his great deeds. 

According to the Jewish Standard , which is published by Rabbi Shloime- 
Chaim, he will, in the near future, investigate the Carmel Kosher Sausage 
Company and determine whether it is controlled by the Carmel Wine Company. 



T3 

CD 

V. 

— J 
en 



II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - Jir.VISH 

TTTX 

IV Daily Jewish Courier , Dec. 27, 1908. 

We have over 100,000 Jews in Chicago; we have rabbis and she hat im — and no 
one ever thought of establishing this fact. The scandal is far greater when 
we consider that Rabbi Simon Harry Album, who issued a permit to the Carmel 
Kosher Sausage Company, had failed to establish this fact but left it up to j 
Rabbi Shloime-Ghaiml 

Rabbi Shloime-Chaim also started to find out whether the proprietor of the \ 
Vilno Sausage Company owned the Vienna Sausage Company — for if two companies, 
one kosher and the other nonkosher are run bjr the same proprietor it is very 
doubtful whether the so-called kosher company is really kosher. At present 
everybody, beginning with Congregation Anshe Smeth and concluding with 
Kehillath Anshe Kayriv, knows the distinction between the vilno and Vienna 
Sausage Companies. 

Rabbi Shloime-Chaim was also v/orried about the ^♦tens of thousands of dollars** 



II B 2 d (1 ) - 3 - Jg./ISH 

I B 4 

IV Daily Jewish Courier , Dec. 27, 1908, 

which the Courier gets from various Jewish institutions — and this is no 
trivial matterl Why should the Courier get thousands when there is a Rabbi 
Shloime-Chaim who is willing to accept huadreds? After all, any child who 
knows addition and subtraction knows that hundreds are less than thousands. 

We recognize the importance of these investigations and we would like to 
recommend to Rabbi Shloime-Chaim that while he is investigating he should o 
also investigate who was the Orthodox rabbi who was mistaken for a gentile 'r^ 
because of the views he expressed about Orthodoxy? — who was the rabbi who per-r,^ 
mitted himself to walk into a drug store during the Day of Atonement to drink ^ 
a phosphate before he went to make his speech? These are the things he should 
investigate* The Jews of Chicago will certainly be grateful to Rabbi Shloime- 
Chaim if he would enlighten them about these matters — especially v/hen he 
requires no remuneration for his work. 

While speaking of the Jewish Standard we cannot help but express our regret. 



-r> 



II B 2 d (1) - 4 - JgrflSH 

I B 4 

17 Daily Jewish Courier , Dec. 27, 1908* 

together with those of other readers of the newspaper, that while the publisher ^ 
and editor were celebrating Hanukah they could not write the Jewish news. How- rr 
ever, their consolation lies in the fact that next v/eek they ^/the readers/ will p 
again be in a position to read the beautifvil language and thoughtfully composed —' 
news of the Jewish Standard. 



o 

CO 

ex* 



II B 2 d (1) 

I E 



Jg'flSH 
WPA (III.) PROj. 30^/5 



The Jewish Labor .Vorld, October 9, 19C8* 

OUR THEATRICAL BENEFIT MD PUi<TI<^R ACTIVITIES* 

Last Saturday night our entire family of the Jewish Labor ^.Torld assembled 
at the Metropolitan Theatre for the benefit of our paper, the Jewish Labor 
World» ?/hen the audience came, we noticed that we have a big family. The 
theatre was filled to its capacity, hundreds of people v/ere turned away« 

Tlrie performers did all in their power to make this benefit a success, each 
actor played his part to the best of his ability. The public left perfectly 
satisfied. Comrades Ziskind ajid Litman held short talks. A collection v/as 
made to cover the deficit that the paper had, and everybody marched out of 
the theatre with the orchestra playing the Marseillaise, feeling satisfied 
that the Labor Vforld will continue to exist. 



f ■ ■ V . . .H-^wr- T-'% -^..t^^^'^-^r^'-^v^v^^'- ' ;'^^^^^^ 






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.v« ■ . •• » 






The Jewish labor Worldt October 9, 1908. ' . W^ (ILL) PRO],3027i ^ 



It now remains to our oomrades and friends to take a little more interest 
in the Labor World» Eaoh one who realizes the necessity of having such a 
weekly papert should get to work and get subscribers* This is the main- 
thing and easy to do« V^ ^^ - - v;- f 



■:'iX'- r ■•■ 



.'^^ 









Eaoh one of you have frienda and acquaintances who read papers, talk it over 

with them, show them the importance of having a labor paper in ChicagOf then 

you will get their subscriptions, especially now when the public is commencing XtW:fh 

to stay more and more at home and read more* That should 'medce it very easy ^ 

for our readers to obtain two thousemd new readers in a month* ^ vt? : 



■f7 
\ " 









A jr-'-i,^ ^ : 



.14 •'',.--». 



























v>' .••:•■:•. . ^--.--v-- ,. ^^ 






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i*-. v--- -•*^.. -y-' ■•:.'-■• v■r^'-■^-•- V. ?-;-;,>•- 



9 



3 - jmim 



The Jevrlsh Labor V.'Orld, October 9, 1908. 






If every one will do all he can, each one shall act as a free, willing, 
ap^ent for for our paper - for your paper* This must be done without fail, 
if we want our paper to exist and to fulfill its mission* 

V/e have no capital, and we all know that our income is limited* ITe do not 
have the income which any one of the capitalist papers have, and for that 
reason, we appeal to you again* 

Comrades, you must take more interest in the paper than you heve in the 
past* To you Socialist organizations, appeals the Jewish Labor '"orld* 

The publishers of the Jewish Labor V.orld ask that you read our appeal to 
yourself, and act as your heart and mind dictates* 



II B 2 d (1 ) 

II B 2 d (2) "^ 



J EWISH 












The American Jewish Year Book » 5668 • 

September 9, 1907 to September 25, 1908* '\ 

Edited by Henrietta Szold. 

A LIST OP JEWISH PEEIODICALS APPEAEING IN THE UNITED STATES, In Chicago, 
August, 1906 to July, 1907, 

The Chicago Israelite - English weekly, established 1854. 

Chicago edition of The American Israelite , (p. 461, ) 

Chicagoer Wochenblatt - Yiddish weekly, established 1887, 

English title. The Chicago Weekly . Weekly edition of 
Per Taglicher Judischer Courier , (p. 461). Suspended 
publication. 

Independent Order Free Sons of Israel - Established 1903. (Organ of the Order) 

(p. 461). 

Jewish Press - Yiddish daily, established 1888. (p. 462). 



II B 2 d (1) - 2 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (2) :* 



The American Jewish Year Book # 5668# 
September 9, 1907 to September 25, 1908. 
Edited by Henrietta Szold. 









The Reform Advocate > English weekly, established 1891# (p. 464). 

Per Sonntag Courier - Yiddish weekly, established 1887, English title. The 

Sunday Jewish Courier « Sunday edition of Per Taglicher > 
Judischer Courier^ Tp* 464). 

Per Sonntag Kol - Yiddish weekly, established 1900* English title. The Sunday 

Jewish Call. Sunday edition of Per Taglicher Judischer Kol » 

Per Taglicher Judischer Courier - Yiddish daily, established 1887. English 

title. The Paily Jewish Call , (p. 465). 



II B 2 Q (. 1) 
I D 2 e. (5) 



JEVISH 



The Ucrld, July 17, 1908. ^ ■ ■ 

The J0v;ish Le.bcr Vi orld is leinr; published by workers fcr the pur jcse cf help- 
in.^ tc inprcve the materiel ond spiritual ccnditicns ci the Jev;ish v;crkers 
of* Chica'TO and other lar^::e cities. 



As a labor newspaper struggling for the v;crkers» interests, the Labor Vi^orld 
vrill aid end assist v;ith all her night, the trade unionist n]C veruent , who s e 
aim is to abolish slavery for the workers in the factory and s?:eat shop« Vie 
will help to enlighten the v;crker as tc hov/ sacred the union nxist be to riim, 
always - be it in time of p'^ace or in time of strike; hc\7 much ^.is fate de- 
pends on the power of his union, depends on his loyalty and devcticn» In 
time of a strike or any ctlier trouble with his bosses, the worker will always 
find as a true friend, a defender ajid supporter - cur newspaper. V/e will 
often have sections devoted to litero.ture and art, of prominent critics sjid 
judges* Articles of history and philosophy and science, va'ituen so clearly 
that sjiybody will be able to underst&jid, will also appear in cur paper. In 
short, the program of the Jewish Labor V/orld v d.ll be a nev/spaper teaching 
oocialisn, science end literature. 

The Socialist Publishing Association - publishers of the 

Jei/ish Leber V/orld. 



-S 



II 3 2 d (1) 



JEWISH 



Jewish Labor .7orld , January 25, 1908. y^p^ (ILL) PROi. 30275 

All intelligent Jews, orthodox and radical understand what an ugly and 
harmful effect, the Jewish Courier has upon the Jewry of Chicago. 

For the time being the masses are not yet familiar with the character of 
the Co urier and there are people who believe that tbe Courier is a helpful 
organ for the Jewish community. In order to show these orthodox masses 
what a bad bunch of hypocrites are connected with the Courier - I will 
write a few articles* 

The writer of these lines is an orthodox Jew, that has sought and studied 
the methods of the Courier and the characters of its bosses and its few 
petty writers. I wish to inform the Chicago Jewish public what a dis- 
ease the Courier is uoon the orthodox Je\7ry» 



II B 2 d (1) - 2 - crarnSH 

Jewish Labor V/orld , January 25, 1908. WPA (ILL) PROJ. 3027d 

The intelligent Jews of all parties, who understand the dangers and the 
falsehoods of the Courier have no idea of its insolence. The boasting, 
the nerve of the Courier, are knovm only to those v/ho come into close 
contact with its gang. 

Very often the Courier brags of the good it has done, but never did 
they brag as much as in the issue of December first, where the braggart 
of the "Jewish Labor Ghetto** stated, **There is not enough money in the 
v/orld to pay me for writing anything against my v/ill, that the o^vner 
of the Courier is more liberal, more respectable than is the Jev/ish 
Socialist Publishing Association, giving freedom to all the v/riters, to 
write without censorship; that there are many writers in the Courier 
and that the least of them is a professor in comparison to the greatest 
of the Jewish Labor iorld.** '"' 



II 3 2 d (1) - 3 - JS.;iSH 

Jewish Labor V/orld , January 25 > 190 8. 

WA (ILL) PHOJ 30275 
iThether the Courier writers can v/rite as they please will be discussed 
later* Leanwhiie, I want to draw the readers' attention to the insolence 
of the statement that there are enough writers on the Courier and that 
the least of them may be a professor in comparison to the greatest of 
the Labor .Vorld* According to these statements, you are told that the 
Courier has 2,288 writers, but I will let you in on a secret, the entire 
Courier staff consists of two ignorant treacherous little anarchists, 
that is all the writers the Courier has and no more. 

The Labor World has a much larger staff than the Courier and publishes 
more reaaing matters in one issue than the Courier prints in six 



II 3 2 d (1) - 4 - JE'VISH 

Jewish Labor ■'/orld, Januan' 25» 1908. 

WPA (ILL,) PROJ. ?Wb 

issues. L-ost of the articles and sketches printed in the Courier are 
stolen^ Original articles are printed only when they can make a few 
dollars by either flattering or insulting someone. 

The articles now appearing in the Courier are being stolen from old 
European sheets, the Freind ^ Yud^ magazines, etc. The Courier needs 
no good writers, and no respectable honest person can work there. 

llr. Zioni, v;hom the Courier brought from Europe and engaged as their 
editor, barely escaped from them. The bosses o^ the Courier figured 
on using Lr. Zioni as a tool to F;xtract more money from the Jewish 
institutions and politicians, but when they saw that he refused to trans- 
form himself into a tool, they began to make things so miserable that he 
ran away from the editorial room before even supolying himself with another 
job* 



II 3 2 d (1) - 5 - JE^SH 

Jewish Labor Vorld , January 25, 1908. wp/^ ^j^^^ p^^^ 

The owner of the Courier goes to the synagogue to pray, because it pays 
him in his business, yet he forces all his wvorkers to work Saturdays which 
is againjt their. will, even Yom Kippur, Atonement Da^r, they write for 
the Courier and the pious boss knowing this very well, goes to the synagogue 
and plays the role of the pious Jew» Even the o\'^Tier's only son is 
forced by his father to work on Saturdays • 

This article is v/ritten to inform the Jewish institutions and the entire 
Jewry of Chicago the true colors of their representatives in the press. 



#' 






II B 2 d (1) 



JEWISH -^ 



^. 



The Heform Advocate , Vol*33,Wk. of Mar. l6tl907f P.U^. % 



^ 

^ 
o 



She Jewish Standard^ a new weekly publication, has Joined the ranks 
of the Chicago Jewish press » Julius Bappaport is the Editor* 



-4 



..J 






II B 2 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 






The American Jewish Year Book » 5666 • -y 

September 30, I905, to September I9, I906. < 

Edited by Qyrus Adler and Henrietta Szold. 



^'• 






A LIST OF JEWISH PERIODICALS APPEARING IN THE UIHTED STATES. August I90U, to ^2 
August 1905. In Chicago, Illinois. 

Per Amerikaner - Yiddish and English weekly. Established, I90U. (P. ISl) . 

The Chicago Israelite - English weel-ly. Established 1S5^. Chicago edition of 

The American Israelite . (P» 1S2). 

Chicagoer Wochenblatt - Yiddish weekly. Established 1887. English title, The 

" Chicago Weekly , Weekly edition of Per Tagil cher Judi- > 
scher Courier . (P. 182). 

Independent Order F ree Sons of Israel .^ Established 1903* Organ of the Order. 
^ (P. 183). 

The Jewish Conservato r - English weekly. Established I90U. (P* IS3) • 

Jewish Press and Progress - Yiddish semi-weekly. Established 1888. Formerly 
"^ — — Per Blumengarten , (P# 18U) . 



.5^ 



II B 2 d (1 ) - 2 - JEWISH 



The American Jewish Year Book, 5666. 
Septemher 30, 1905, to Septemher I9, 1906» 
Edited "by Cyrus Adler and Henrietta Szold. 



1 •:-■* 



•■ "So 

\ 



- 5 



The Reform Advocate > - English weekly. Established 1S91. (P. 186) • 03 






Per Sonnta^ Courier - Yiddish weekly^ Established IggJ* English title. The ^ 

Sunday Jewish Courier , Weekly edition of Per Ta^licher 
Judischer Courier . (P. 127). 

Die Tagliche Stimme - Yiddish daily. Established 1896. English title, The 

Daily Jewish Call . (P. IS7) . 

Der Taglicher Judischer Courier - Yiddish Daily. Established I8S7. English 

title, The Daily Jewish Courier . (P. 187). 

Zion Messenger - English monthly. Established I90U. (First issue in August). 

Organ of the Order Knights of Zion. (P. 187) • 



II E 2 d (1 ) 



JEWISH 



The American Jewish Year Eook > 5663 . 
October 2, 1902, to September 21, 1903* 
Edited by Cyrus Adler* 



•V- 



^ 



LIST OF JEWISH PERIODICALS NOW APPEARING IN THE TOITED STATES. -o 

In Chicago. (Pp. K^g-iyi.) o 

Per Bliimenj^arten - Yiddish weekly. ^:i 

Chicagoer Wochenblatt - Yiddish weekly. Weekly edition of Per Judischer Courier . 

The Chicago Israelite - English weekly, Chicago edition of The American Israelite , 

Die Judische Presse - Yiddish daily. 

Per Judischer Courier - Yiddish Daily, English title, The Jewish Courier , 

Der Judischer Kol - Yiddish daily, English title, The Daily Jewish Call , 

The Reform Advocate - English weekly. 



II B 2 d (1) 



JEWISH 



f- 

~««^' 
•-r: 



The American Jewish Year Book » 5662. ^ 

Septem'ber 14, 1901, to October 1, 1909. 
Edited by Cyrus Adler, 

LIST OP JEWISH PERIODICALS NOW APPEARING IN THE UNITED STATES. 
In Chicago, (pp. 178-180.) 

Chicagoer Wochenblatt - Yiddish weekly. Chicago weekly edition of Per Judi- 

scher Coxirier . 

The Chicago Israelite - English weekly, Chicago. Chicago edition of the 

American Israelite . 

Per Judi scher Courier - Yiddish daily, Chicago. English title. The Jewish 

Courier. 

Per Judi scher Kol - Yiddish daily, Chicago. English title. The Daily Jewish 

Call . 

The Reform Advocate , - English weekly, Chicago. 



.3 



V. 



II B 2 d (1) 
IV 



JSWISH 



•nf 



The Beform Advocate . Vol,21tWk*of May 1+,1901* Pp#368~369» 

♦ 

A new Jargon dally and weekly \inder the name of "The Jewish Call" was 
started here a few months ago In the Jewish Settlement on the Vest Side. Morris 
Rosenfeld, the celebrated poet of the Ghetto » was engaged by the publisher to 
assist in editing the new paper. He wrote a number of editorials and poems for 
the journal. The name of Hosenfeld and his poems gained for "The Jewish Call" 
a wide circulation* 



-t3 






^^-. 









II B 2 d (1) 



J2WISH 






The Heform Advocate, Vol. 21, Wk.of May U,1901, Pp.367— 36^^ 



The first Jewish paper published in Chicago in the Xnglish language 
was the "Occident*** It was started in the beginning of the seventies by 
Hoffman and Silversmith. Ur. Hoffman soon retired and Mr. Silversmith 
became the sole owner. 7or a number of years he was the piiblisher and 
editor. Dr. S. Schreiber and Herman Sliassof have also been editors of 
the '^Occident*'* This paper has been discontinued. 



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About the same time the '^Occident'* was started, there appeared another 
Jewish paper^in jargon, under the title of **Israelitsche Presse". It was 
published on South Claxk street by a Mr. N.D. Xttelsohn. At intervals an 
article or two written in Biblical Hebrew would appear on the pages of this 
little weekly. This paper was also discontinued in a short time. 






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JSi-nSR 



The Reform Advocate, I'ay 4, 1901. WPa (1lt\P^(n ^r"7' 

/fDIu JLLIUS vaSE PUBLISIJi^S Fj.tERJ 

"The Chioagc Isrr elite" v;as issued Ly Lee. Vi'ise cf Cinoinno.ti, publisher of 
the "iiinericeji Isro.elite". Dr. Julius Vase, sen cf the late Dr. Vi'ise, is licv; 
in charge of this po.per. 



II B 2 d (1 ) 



JEWIS!^ 



^ 



The Occident . April 6, 189^* ^ >. 



JEWISH PUBLICATIONS OF CHICAGO^ 

Tour newspapers deToted entirely to Judaism are published In Chicago^, They 
are all Issued weekly « Three are published In English and the fourth Is 
issued In Hebrew characters In the Russian and Polish dialect* Prior to 
1889 there was but one paper published In the city In the Interest of Jews 
and Judaism* The Occident was the first paper to espouse the cause and was 
started in 1873* ^^ Jews then numbered about 20,000 in and about Chicago, 
and the Occident being the being the first venture of its kind west of New 
Tork Cityt it rapidly acquired a large clientage «- for those days* The 
psgper was first. Issued and edited by its present owner, Julius Silversmith* 
Besides being the first Jewish pcqper published in the West, The Occident was 
also the first Jewish reform paper to come into existence in the world* The 
next Jewish pcqper to make its s^earance in Chicago was the Chicago Israel- 
ite* This was founded about five years ago* Babbl Isaac M* Wise is the 
editor and the pcqper is edited in connection with the American Israelite 
published at Cindnncat* The Israelite is also in a measure a reform paper, 
althou^ the Rev* Dr* Wise still favors the Saturday service* Three years 
ago the third Jewish paper, published in English, made its appearance under 



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II B 2 d (1) - 2 • JEWISH '^^ 



f 



The Occident , April 6, I89U. % 

^^-^ 

the title of the Heform Advocate » Squally as radical in refom is the Advocate 
as The Occident , and its editorials are supplied entirely from the pen of its "^ 
founder, the Rev« Dr. Sail &• Hirsch« Some few years ago a paper called the 
Juedische Courier (Jewish Coturier) made its appearance on the West Side, 
published in Hebrew characters, in the Bussian and Polish dialect. The pa* 
per was owned and edited l^r Leon Colotkof for three years, when Sarasohn and 
Son of Hew York City bought him out« The Courier circulates among the 23 1 000 
Bussian and Polish Jews of the city who speak no language perfectly, but who 
have a smattering of Hebrew, Bussian, Polish and German. The Jewish Courier 
is issued also in Hew York City on the same day that it eqppears in Chicago^ 
Thursday evening, l^on selling the Courier , Ur. Colotkof immediately started 
another organ, calling his new venture the Heue Welt (Hew World), but after 
a year of hard struggling the paper went out of existence; Mr. Colotkof being 
convinced that the Bussian Jews of Chicago and the West would not support 
more than one paper • the Chicago Becord . 



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' I- II B 2 d (1) 



JEWISH -^ 

• 

The Oocident, January 13, 1893« -tt 

o 

Our young friend* Leon Zolotkoff , late of the Jewish Jargon weekly, oj 
Jewish Courier « it seems has had some bitter experience with one Houvitz, j 
to whom he intrusted the management of his venture^ 

The rotter turned traitor, sold out the concern and left Ur* Zolotkoff 
high and ^ry» But, it seems that the Jewish World , a new Jargon Jewish 
paper, has Just appeared with llr* Zolotkoff as editor* 

The Sacasohn and Son of the Courier » will find it hard to combat the new 
paper* 






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<^ 



II B 2 d (1) 
I C 



JEVa SH 



% 



The Occident , November 25, 1887 • 






The Jewish Courier, will be the title of a new (Jargon) Jev/ish newspaper 
to appear on or about December 2, inst^, at 422 S» Canal Street, under the 
auspices of Messrs. L. Zolotkof, I. Segal, and M. Mintz, and will be an or- 
gan devoted to politics, literature, and the sciences. 



% 
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"iS^ 



We understand that the form will be the size of the Occident and for the 
present will consist of four pages. The leading object of the Courier will 
be to inform the Russian-Polish citizens of country who are as yet unacc uainted 
with the English language in reg« rd to the history, customs, laws and political 
systems of our country in the Jargon and thus educate this foreign element in 
all that relates to the United States. But aside from that object» the 
Courier will contain foreign and domestic news relating to Jews and Judaism* 



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jE-rrsH 



The Cocident , February 20, 1885. 

HIS LAST TRUMP • ' 

Cur Jewish reformed congregations of Chicago, with their progressive Rabhis, 
will now have to look to their honors. The Jev.ash pontiff of Cincinnati, 
(l. M. Wise), has invented a new coup d'etat. He has tr&nsferred his Cin- 
cinnati I sraelite into a Chicago edition* 



a 






.Jf&A^'t 



II B 2 d (1) 



JEVISH 




The Occident . May 25, 1883. 






^. 



The Israelitische Press heretofore published in Chicago in the interest of '<2* 
our Rus^o-Polish citizens in their idiomt by Mr. N« B# Ettelsohn, has started '^^ 
for Nev . York City where he will continue the Presse under greater advantages. ^ 



/' \ 



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IIB2d(l) 



JEWnSH 



THE OCCIDENT . July 8, 1881 
Exit Jewish Advance 

1 

As we go to the press the news reaches us that Henry Gersem* with 
his Jewish Advance will become non est after this week and that organ 
will cease to grind. The gods be praised* 

The editor and publisher, we heart goes to St# Louis to preside 
over the columns of the Tribune*.* .. .The little mephist come neer gobb- 
ling up the Occident . The Jewish Advance was a losing concern since it 
startedf as Max Stem can testify* 



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JE^/ISH 



The Oocident > April 18, 1879 



Again we change the figures on our title page and The Occident enters 
into the seventh volumeof its existence* This time we have reason to 
congratulate ourselves that the precarious life of our journal is happily 
past and the Occident assumes its place among the journals of Chicago as 
a firm and well established newspaper enterprise* We had hoped that as a 
Jewish theological organ in its infancet we might conduct it with profit 
and advantage, but in that we labored under misapprehensions* Vve trusted 
to awaken an interest in our readers for science and philosophy, and for 
that effort we ¥rere sadly berated* 






We profited by this our latest course to make the Occident a purely Jewish 
Society organ---Prom every section of the Union and even from great lot- 
ham* The news is portrayed throusrh these columns* From that auspicious 
moment on, our subscription rose to a respectable list of names, and the 
Occident is now read by Young Israel in Washington Terr, as well as in wilds 
of Minnesota to the States bordering along the Gulf of Mexico* 



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II* CONTRIBDTIONS 
AND ACTIVITIES 

B. Avocational and Intellectual 
2. Intellectual 
d* Publications 
(2) Periodicals 




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II B 2 d (2) J:::.iisii 

17 Pail/ Je\7ish Courier , j^\Ji[:. 6, 1922* 

Jp:;i iLJBiuj i^xGA^iiw III c;iiia.Go7 

by 

Dr. 3. r.. IJelaned 

I have before i:ie the first issue of the HebreT/ najazine Barkai (Loriiing 3tar) , 

a four-pu^e pcx...phlet, ordinary size, prir.ted in Ghioaso. There is a "Declaration ^ 

of Policy" on the front pa^^e, which "Declaration" says: "If v;e v/ill it, there 5 

can be a daily Hebrev; newspaper in Chicaco". I look at the barorieter (sic) and ^^ 

see that it is only ei(:hty-fivG, so that it is not the hoj.t of the sun that f^ 

has affected i.iy mind, A d:iily Hebrev; nev/spaper in Chica;^o i;here there are about ^ 

three and one-half dozen Hebraists — I wonder hov/ the Jov;3 can be so innocent and g 
iinpracticall 






In the magazine there is a translation of the proclaiiiation issued hy the ^ionist Sn 
leaders of Chicago, which \/as published a few days ago in the Courier* The Kebrev/ 
translation was done in the office of the Barkai . The translator is perhaps a 
very fine i:ian, but he does not 'mow Hobrex;, The tern ^rLea.i^ue of hations" is in- 
correctly translated. The sentence "open the (iates of Palestine" is incorrectly 



II 3 2 d (2) - 2 - Ji:.;iSH 

Daily Jev/lsh Courier , Au{^. 6, 1922. 

translated. In r^eneral, the translation './as very poorly done. The translator 
deserves, for this translation, nine thousand blov/s, but the author of the 
article "Theodore Herzl'* deserves not nine but sixty thousand blous because, 
while it is bad to tall: nonsense in Yiddish, it is still vjorse to tall: non- 
sense in Hebrev/. 



-a 



To sum up: if one cannot, if one does not understand and does not ::nov;, one -o 
should not underta-^e, or el^e one is a fool froiv. the land of fools. o 



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11 B 2 d (2) 



A 



JTward , April g, 1922. 

Kew Jewish Journal Pu'blished in Chicago. 

The New Star was published yesterday by the Verein 
Culture Home. 



JEWISH 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30m 



The journal was registered by Mr . M . Kauf mann and 
Mr.Kagan, and will contain articles by Meyer Kaafmann, 
I. Mann, Jacob Kagan, A.Bruno, 7. Bixico, S. Miller, 
Joseph Kapilow, D. Alexander, and M« Katz. 






II B 2 d (2) Jll^nSH 

III A 

III C Daily Jewish Courier , Nov. 15, 1921. 

IV 

A NATIOl'UL jr.'JISIi T:]3KLY.IN ENGLISH IN CKICAGO 

The East and "Jest Publishing Company, with offices at 138 North La Salle 
Street, has issued the following statement: The "iJast and "Jest Publishing 
Company aims to publish a national Jewish weekly in English for the educated 
section of the Jewish population in America, and particularly for the Jews 
who do not read Hebrew or Jewish and who have to be enlightened about our 
problems. 

The new Jewish weekly, Sast and ;Test , will, like a mirror, reflect the entire 
life of our people in the 2:ast and the v;est. Its platform will be: 

1. To preserve historical Judaism. 

2. To fight for Jewish Solidarity. 

3. To enlighten our readers concerning all national Jewish problems in all 
the lands of the Diaspora and in Palestine. 




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II B 2 d (2) - 2 - JE?n:SH 

III A 

III C Daily Jewish Co\irier > Nov. 15, 1921. 

IV 

4. To acquaint the educated Jewish groups in America with all the tendencies 
and currents in the life of our people and with the spirit of the new Hebrew 
culture • 

5. To fight against all the destructive tendencies in the spiritual life 
of our people. 

Dr. S.M. Tlelamsd has been entrusted with the editorship of the Sast and Test . 
P.S. Rudens is associate editor. The following will be the steady contributors 
to the aast and .Vest : 

Israel Zangwill, Max Nordav, Hakam, Dr. Moses faster, Nahum Sokolow, Dr. Abraham 
Lipski, Louis Lipski, Dr. Frank Rosenblatt, Professor H. Sloninski, Dr. Isaak 
Ivlilner, Dr. M. Berenfeld, Dr. Nahum Groldman, Dr. Jacob Klatzkin, Dr. Joseph 
KLausner, Dr. David Star- Jordan, Dr. Abraham Levinson. 



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II B 2 d (2) 

III A 
III C 
IV 



- 3 - 



Daily Jewish Coxirier, Nov. 15, 1921. 



JEWISH 



The first issue of East and West will appear in December. VJith the appearance 
of Sast and West , Chicago will become the greatest center of American-Jewish 
journalism. 

Edward Katzinger, presi'^ent, 
Max Shulman, vice-president, 
Alex Kisenstein, treasurer, 
David Pollack, secretary. 




II B 2 d (2) JMISE 

II B 2 d (ij 

Dally Jewish Courier , Sept# 20, 1921, 

i^ ABSOLUTE NECSooIIY 
(Editorial) 

There are seventeen thousand Jewish students in i^merica, and only a very 
small nunber of them can read Yiddish or Hebrew; there are twenty-five 
thousand Jewish nan and v;omen with an academic education, and only a amall 
nuinber of them can read Yiddish or Hebrew; there are also a large munber of 
intellectual Jewish men and women who are unable to read fiddish or Hebrew# 



5D 



Thero are, in /imerioa, about thirty Jewish weeklies printed in the English o 
language. These weekly newspapers serve canmunal and social pur]:'Oses, and ^ 
help in the development of the local institutjons cind communities, but they S 
are not good reading material for the educated. For the m.ost part, these 
Jewish v/eeklies are entirely colorless. They lack outspoken views on 
Jov;ish q.uestions, because they wish to have the s^Tiipathy of both the 
Orthodox and Reforr.i Jews, and not having any outspoken views on Jewish 



cr 



n 3 2 d (2) - 2 - J^iilSH 

II B 2 d (1) 

Daily Jewish Courier, 3cpt« 20, 1921. 

problems, they are only a {rathering of general Jewish nev/s» They still cling 

to their old grind organ — by combating anti-Semitism — by constantly 

complaining that the anti -oaTiites are not fine people. This will net 

attract the J3wish intellectuals in ^erica to Jewish work, nor will the 

seventeen tliousand Jewish university students in ijnerica become more 

educated or more sagacious Jov;s» ^ 

Many of the Jewish weeklies in the Unglish language are not only colorless, >:::: 

but they are positively assimilative, and openly preach national apostacy^ P 

They are appealing pretentiously to /Americanized Jev/s and to the Americanized ^ 

Jewish youth. Just as the Americanized Jewish youth, and especially the o 

intellectual youth, knows very little about Jewish literature, Jewish ^ 

history, Jevrish ideals, and Jewish life, so it accepts the assimilative g 

propaganda as the teaching of American Judaism, and thus the circle of cr 
assimilation becomes steadily wider and deeper. 

There isnH, in America, a sirgle Jev/ish organ in the iJnglish language that 



II B 2 d (2) - 3 - JEWISH 

n B 2 d (1) 

Daily Jewish Courier , Sept^ 20, 1921. 

serves the interests of historical Judaism ^ nor brings the Americanized 
Jewish intelligentsia closer to Jewish life said Jewish worldly thought««««« 



Merican Jewry is the only large Jewish group in the world that hasn*t a single 

Jewish organ in the Jewish and American sense. The great Jewish daily ^ 

newspapers in America are national organs, but they are read only by Jews ^ | 

able to read Tiddish. A national organ for Jews unable to read Tiddish ^. 

does not exist, and the establishment of such an organ is an absolute p 

necessity. Such an organ is needed to attract the Americanized Jewish ^ 

intelligentsia to Jewish life and Jewish worldly thought, and is also S \ 

necessary for the enlightenment of other people. ^ 

ro 

When an American statesman, politicism, or editor wishes to know what is ^ 
going on in the Jewish camp, or ?diat the Jewish brain thinks about certain 
questions, he is unable to get this information from the thirty Jewish weeklies 
because they are colorless and devoid of subjects of interest to the Jews. 



II B 2 d (2 ) - 4 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (1) 

Daily Jewish Courier, Sept. 80, 1921 ♦ 

The English Jews, only a quarter of a million in number, have three great 
national organs: The London Jewish Chronicle , the Jewish Guardian , and the 
Jewish Review ♦ The German Jews, only a half a million in number, have 
several distinguished national org^ms of various propensities, and even the 
poor Rumanian Jews have a national organ, but the iimerican Jews haven »t any* 

Today, when the Jewish nation is living through such a hoi^ible crisis; ^ 

when all the Jews of the entire universe are dependent upon American Jewry, 5 

a great Jewish national organ in the English language is a twofold -r. 

necessity. V/hen the rtoericanized Jews, who do not read Yiddish, fulfill p 

their duty to our people, they must be acquainted with the Jewish problems ^ 

and needs* This task — the work of enlightening the i^ericanized Jewish o 

educated classes about the problems and needs of our people, is that of a ^ 

national organ in the English language, which should serve the interests of S 

historical and national Jevny* Such an organ must naturally have a double «^ 
function, to wit: to arouse the Jewish minds and hearts, and to fight against 
everything that is indifferent or disruptive in our life* 



II B 2 d (2) 
II 3 2 d (1) 



- 5 - JKVISH 



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Daily Jewish Courier. Sept. 20, 1921. 

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Witliout such an organ, ^erican Jewry must witness a heavy loss of its 
forces. Ihose who would participate in Jewish life stand aloof , because 
they do not know anything about Jewishness and are not acquainted with 
the problems and needs of our people • 

Such an organ, onoe established, will be of great value, and will not be 

dependent on subsidies, because it will be unique through the fact that it 5 

will appeal not only to the local Jews, tut to the educated Jews throughout .^ 

America as well* There are, in America, twenty- five thousand educated Jewish p 
families which would certainly welcome such an organ • 



o 
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These are the moral, intellectual, and material points of view, which 
have induced a group of educated Jewish leaders in Chicago to approach the 
question of establishing a national Jewish orgcn, published in the English 5^ 
language, for the Americanized Jev/ish intelligentsia. 

Chicago has a fine and highly developed Jewish press, and if it should 



II B 2 d (2 ) - 6 - JEWISH 

II B 2 d (1) 

Daily Jewish Courier , Sept. 20, 1921# 

be supplemsnted by a national Jewish organ, then Chicego will be the 
journalistic center of .-^erican Jewry • 



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JEWISH 



Jorward June 12, I92I 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 302/5 



Sodilkow - Shepetou - Coimtry mext will publish a monthly Jonxmal "The 
CotrntryBaa** • AdrertisementB, correspondence and subscriptions will be 
accepted by Mr* B« Kaplan, 2350 Augusta St« Telephone Arsdtage 922 



r 



II B g d (2) 
II B 2 f 



Tonrard June % I92I 



JEWISH 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30276 



A children's Journal will 'be publlehedt written and edited by children only* 
for the first time in the history tt Chicago's Schools (Workmen Circle Schools} 
The Journal will be published by the children's Clubs of the Douglas Park 
Workmen's Circle School and will contain matter pertaining to the studies 
courses and the school* 

The chlldr en-co-workers of the Journal have chosen from among themselves 
three editors to select the material t make corrections 9 and submit them to 
press* 

The Journal will be published the l^th of this month* It will consist of 
32 pages of reading material and illustrations* The children's parents, 
collections from institutions and prirate i)artie8 helped assure the 
success of the Journal* 



I-B,2_i^l2) 



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Forv/fc-: , July 31, 192G, ♦ 

The "Courier^'heo cent cne of its people vjiih an ukase to Mr* !!• ^» Goldberg, 
president ci^ the Kehillt.h Jacob Synagogue - '•'.Ye will drive your Rabbi cut of ' 
tova;,** 




The "Courier** also v/ishe'^ to Jrive cr-'t Pabbi Pubenstein of Beth Hamidrash 

Lorbai'iirr. (Theolo£-ict.l Seminary) becouse he also protested in his sernon against the 

cheep act cf the "Courier." 

Another "Courier" man went to the presicieilt of the .Ansh'e Kineor,otb Synagogue, 
I'm Salk, and stated to hirn that the Rabbi, Ephrairr. Epstein is unable to teach. 






II B 2 d (2) 



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JT.VirSH 



WPA (ILL,) :^ROJ. 30275 



Forvmrd, July 31, 1920. ■.•."■ 

•, ft 

that he is not fit for his position, era that he must be driver, out ef the..' 

The "Covrier** iwar^tc to drive cut Sa^^r.uel Levin, pre^Jident cf the Ye shivah,' 'be- 
cause he ard the other Yeshivah leeders, Israel Sheohtr.ar., Israel Shoerihine, 
Thos* Pizer, Joseph M» Nev;teirer, \7olf Dol^jin, Atralmr. /• Sapersteir. , Cliezer 
r-dler, P. S, Blumenthal, and Israel Sabink, have openly protested agaiiist the 
policy of the paper. They also rejected the proposal by the editor of the •* 
"Courier" that he becon.e a professor of philosophy in the Yeshivah for $2,000 
a yetr. .'• , ^ 



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WPA (iLL.) PHOj 30275 



V'^y^-jc,- ' TvIt- O.-. 109f 



"As I star.i before GoJ, T swear thg-t I gave '♦'he eslitor cf the ''Courier** 
05C,OC to Y/rite S-r. editorie.1 for the P-eth Hareire^.h I^rbonim*** Thir. oath \;es 
sv;crii by Rabbi Ephrai:-. Ejjctein of the Beth Hariieire^.h Larlcr.ir::, at & iLeetlLr 
of the Rebbiricte'l *'I ^ave thii^ >5o*00 to the editor in the office of the 
•'Courier, in the presence cf cne cf his ass:' stant s. VAiile tc.lLing, +>^^ r.^^y^ 



ne puu' 



licher of the paper er."*"ered* ^:.:T.edittely , the uosistant covered the money 
v-ith a nev^speper^*' The P.abbi, then tcld the entire story how the ** Courier** 
had attacked and reviled hirr a.nd the other Pabbis* 



This i^eetinr v^es c»?ll^d to take c L>tai.d arainst the htteful and ccntii^uinn 

^^ ^^ ^^ 

attacks by the **Courier** upon the Prbbinate and the others v;ho oppose their 
aeliverance into the hands cf the politics:! bosj^drTr* The Pabblnata v/ere unable 
to understand Y.ox: ::uch r:iatters as Kehillrhs zi:^ Yeshivahs, interest the editor 
of the "Courier, so thc-t he desires to become the dictetor* The answer is 
sinple - to use the Kehillah for his political benefit. 



The neetii.£ opened under the chairrr.anship of I.!r, Samuel Phillfpeon, one of the 



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WPA (!LL.)PR0J.3C275 



Forwsrd, July 3C, 192C. 



most pronJxent Chict.[:G rnercheii-^ l:^ Pabbit> Ephraiir Epsteir, /. T. Cordon, erd 
SeuI Silber, stated their ccnilaitts a^airist the attacks by the Courier, 
Pabti Epstein produced the articles frorr. the "Courier" in which the Rabbinate 
\ve:'e referred to in the most reviling terms. 

The chairnian left the meeting at this point. His place v;e3 taken by Vax 
Sh"linrn, v/ho , however, did not retain his chaiiiV-anshii very lcng» His plsce 
wrs tc-ken by M. Pearlstein. 7/hen Rabbi Silber begex to talk and attacked the 
"Courier" rathei' sharply, the editor of the "Oourier" stood up and threatened 
hin: with his stick and before the end of the meeting there v/as danger that 
bra\^'ling v/culd break cut, but this v;as prevented. 

After the discussion, e resolution \7e.s passed" deuandiiig thst the "Courier" print 
in its first page an apology.. !.'r. tex Shulx^^c:, lijhc is being boomed for the 
office of Judge by the "Courier" began to present legal quibblings that the 
resolution was not le.wful. After a heated debate, the entire matter vies re- 
ferred to a comrrittee consisting of Samuel Ginsberg, I'^x Shulman, Harry Pern- 
stein, A. S. Piatt, R. Isaac. ?. Lazorovilth and -A. .!;'• Goldberg. Harry F-ern- 
stein, a personal friend of the "Qourier* s editor, v/as elected chairmaii. 




JT.nSH 



WPA (ILL) PRci 30275 



For.vard , July 29, 1920» 

The "Jewish Courier*' wants to deliver the Local Kehillah into the hands of 
the Political Bosses. 

• 

In former times, when chaos ruled the Jewish world in Chicago, just as chaos 
ruled in the seneral local political life of the city, the "Courier" did net 
find it difficult to sell itself to the political bosses. A "Hebrev/ ^.epubliaan 
League," or a "Hebrev; I^Ticcratic League" was organized, stationary bearing the 
names of Jewish politicians and their henchmen was printed, and then the follow- 
ing proposal 7/as made to the political boss: "V/e are the repreaentatives of 
Chicago Jewry; if you will make a deal with us, v/e promise to deliver the Jew- 
ish vote t© you." 

But those times are passed.- The political bosses demand greater assurance 
than a He brev/ League. The "Courier." mob immediately began working, but the 
task proved no easy one. The Federated Orthodox Jewish Charities ha3 been 
taken out of the "Courier's" control. The "Courier" has no longer aiiy influ- 
encQ nor authority in this united body of all orthodox organizations. 



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IV • 

I F (5 



WPA (ILL,) PROJ, 3Q27b 



Fon,vsrj , July 20, 1?20. 



Tharo:r:^r3, it Jecideu to orgaiiize a Kehiilah and to control this Kehill-^.h so 
the.t it '^;youl:i be able to approach the i?'" lit i clans for a deal for the Jewish 



vote 



The Rabbis aiid the prominent citizens realized in time, the intentions of the 
"Courier." "You will not be nerniitted to sell the Torah," v/as their cry, and 
they have unde.^taken to defend ther^selves against such political trickery* 
The "Courier" had not thought th^^t the Rabbis would display such courage for 
it had always clairied to carry the Rabbinate in its vest pocket • The editor 
of the "Courier" began to terrorize the Rabbis v/ith his prostituted pen. He 
went 30 far as to call the Rabbis, idiots, inefficient ones, beggars, fanatics, 
collectors, politicians, bolsheviks, anarchists, fools, obscurrantists, spiritu' 
al criprlej, ignoramuses, v/eak minds, rescals, e disturbing eleri:er-t, snail 
teachers, vath big teerds, etc. 



The first Rabbis 



•^ho car-e out, £.::e-inGt the "Coarier"v/ere 



•P^ ^ "•-.-! 



Carden of the 



Sheri To rah ilnshe !.fecrob Synagogue and Rabbi "Rp stein of the !rishe -'inesseth 
Israel Synego^';ti, the l&rge crthcdc:^ congre^cti:.: L. ^hicago. 



II B 2 d (2) 
II A 1 



JS'.VISH 



American Jev/ish Year Book> 1915"l6. o. 341. 



-rj 

3 



NEW JETISK PISRIODIC.-.LS IN THE UMITSD ST..TES CHICAGO. 



Journal of the Alpha Phi Sigma Leciics.l Fraternitj'-, Annual. 
Established 1913. 



s 



II B 2 d (2) JS:a3H 

I D 1 b 

I D 2 a (2) 

WPA (ill) PROJ. 30275 

Daily Jev/ish Courier , February'- 21, 1913 • 

TO OUR imiSNDS. 

For the oast few daj/'S, we have been receivin^^ inquiries t^rom our friends 
concerning the difference in opinion between the iJaily Jewish Courier 
and the standkeeoers selling this newspaper, 7e find it, therefore, 
necessary to quiet them by the following explanation: 

A great number of newsdealers, selling Jewish newspapers, a few weeks 
ago united into an association. Neither as individuals, nor as members 
of the association have the newsdealers had any reason to complain 
against the Courier's treatment of them, A few weeks ago a committee 
of the association approached L'r, I'.arry A, Lipsky, manager of the 



II 3 2 d (2) 

I D 1 b 

I D 2 a (2)' 



- 2 - 



JS-.7I3H 



Daily Je^jrish Courier, February 21, 1913 • 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



Cou rier, and informed him thst thev had a few comolaints they would 
like to make, Uv. Lipsky's respo ise was that he v/ould consider them 
if they were written in full on paper. 

The committee called a few more tines in regard to this matter, but 
never prooosed their comolaints in v/ritinp;, and therefore there were 
no negotiations. At their last visit the coL-imittee requested L'r. 
Lipskj'' to exert his influence upon the city administration so that 
the oolice should overlook the order that out-of-to'^i paoers must not 
be sold on the stands. 



II 3 2 d (2) - 3 - js-.;isH 

I D 1 b 



D 2 a (2) 



WPA (ILL) PRQJ 30275 

Daily Jev/ish Courier, February 21, 1913. 



t'r, Lipsky fulfiLled their i-equest. He turned to the Jhief of Police 
And found out that the order forbidjin^ the sale of out-of-to'?m D-^ners 
was issued on account of the Saturdav Evenine; Post since discrimination 

*■ ~-^ III 

betv/een this and other oapers couia not be made. However, he promised 
that the Jeivish nev/spapers v/iil be excluded from this category, 
Tuesday eveninf^ at a meeting; held bv the association. It. Lioskv brought 
the nev/s that the Chief o£ Police had issued a ne / oraer to the effect 
th-:t the nev;sdeaiers sellin^;^ out-of-tov/n papers sho ild not be harassed • 
It. Lipsky was accompanied to this meetin>z by Park Go!rjnissione!^s '5. J 
ivosenblatt and Louis Hertzfield» 



c • 



II 3 2 d (2) - 4 - 

I D 1 b 

I D 2 a (2) 



JS7I3H 



WPA{1LL)PH0J.3U.75 



Daily Jev/ish Jourie r, :'ebruary 21, 1913. 



After the report, the association unanimously accepted a oronosal ex- 
tendin;^ its ^ratituas to /r. Liosky for his eooa v/ork* A few hours 
later, after mid-ni^jht, a committee returned and declared that the 
members of the association had determined not to sell the Courier any 
longer. On Jednesday, about noon, Park Comiaiosion :;• J. r.osenblatt 
called the Co urier and related that Attorney Peter Sussman, v/ho reoresents 
the association, had requested a conference with h re pre sent at ive of 
the Jaily Jev/ish Jourier, Out of respect for this distinguished la-.v^/er,' 
Y/e ansT/ered that a representative of the Courier would be highly -^leased 
to talk to him at any time after 7 o'clock in the eveninc^. 



II 3 2 d (2) - 5 - JS7 ISK 

I D 1 b 

I D 2 a (2) 

WPA (ILL) PRO.!. 30276 

Daily Jewish :>ourier , February 21, 1913 • 

A representative of the Courier met l:r. Sussman at the set time, and 
told him the Courier's standpoint in this matter. The ne^Tsdealers 
are considered customers of the C ourier as long; as they buy it: it is 
possible that disputes betv/een the buyers and sellers shall breakout 
and these should be settled. But as the Courier understands it, the 
members of the association do not want to be the customers of the 
C ourier any lonp;er, ana as \ result, both parties no longer have business 
relations with each other, -nd, therefore, there are no disputes and 
nothin:-^ further can be said. 

Mr. Sussman sav/ hov; justified these contentions v/ere, and after discussing 
the matter with the association, the members again decided to become 
the customers of the Courier. 



II B 2 d (2) - 6 - JF 

I D 1 b 

I D 2 a (2) 



" •- T-T 



Daily J ewigh Jourier , February 21, 1913 • 



WPA(ILUPROJ.3Q27 



.Ifter this decision, l.'r. Sussman declared that the customers of the 
Courier , v/ho have or.^anized themselves into an association, have vp.rious 
complaints* Thev think th'j:.t if the marid;^ement of the Courier would 
listen to ^hem and grant them their derr-*^nds, their easiness would oe 
improved. The Courier's representative told Lr. oussman that whenever 
he convevs the demands in v/ritinrr, the manan;er;ient of the Courier will 
consider it in a rep;ular business way. LIr. Sussman gave a list of 
complaints to the C ourier's representative, and asked that the Courier 
consider themi by Sunday, after -vhich date there V;lil be a conference 
between Lr. Sussman and the Courier. 

The Courier's representative then st-j.ted that tlie n-ansfrement of the 
Courier v;ill undoubtedly also present its demands, and therefore all 
demands shoula be discussed together -anu if they cannot a^rree, an ar- 
bitration board should be used. I.lr. Sussman aooroved this ana as a 



II 3 2 d (2) - 7 - J5;n3H 

I D 1 b 

- ^ ^^ ^ i^) WPA (ILL) ^ROJ 3027S 

D aily Jev;ish Cou r ier , February 21, 1913 • 

result the newsdealers, 7/ho boycotted the Courier Tuesday, resumed their 
buying' yesterday. Je ceji assure our friends, «3.s v/ell 9,s the Chicago 
Jewish community that unuer any circumstances and at any tim.e, whether 
or not the Courier finds the deniands of the association justifiable, 
the man:-^i:ement v/ill use every mesins to settle the dis )ute in a 
respectable way as is becoming to the only Chicago Jewish nev/s oaper 
and which is no more than the voice of Jewish public opinion. 

'He also wish to announce to the p-eneral oublic, especially to orgsjiized 
labor, that the Courier is a union newspaper, and is composed and 
orinted bv union oeooie. The office of the Courier became unionized 
before any other Jewish ne.;spaper had had it in mind even to employ 
union men. The union label can alwavs be found on the Courier. 



II B 2 d (2 ) 









Chica^rvo Hebrew Inst?, tut e C^b server, ITovember, 



X j Xi_# 



During the p^^st year ve started a monthly publication, called the Ghicc^rc 
Hebrew Instit^ite Obseri'-er. The T^uroose of ti^is un^ireteiitious -nanTr)hlet is 
to ena,ble th.e ine:"iber^: of the Institute as veil rz ran^' outsiders, to ^.^eep 
in touch v'ith Q-iir vork. In acldition thereto, c-rticlcs and editorials are 
published, hr-vin.^ particalrr ber^rin^' on the ^vovr of the Institute, ^v' ich 
we hope r.ay be of some benefit to soci^^l vor-cers, Th.e pamphlet also con- 
taiiis a coluj-m on vocational guidance contributed by specialists in the 
various jorofessions and occupations, \?e are ^"lad to report that this en~ 
terr)rise has thus far net with ;^Teat success. Some of our material has 
oeen quoted ojid. favorably coiririented upon in various prjjeTs of the coimtrj" 
as veil as by incividuals. 



;\t 



c 



Subscription to this paper is fift^^ cents per year, including postare. 
V/e re^zret to say, hovever, that th^e nurnber of s^Jbscribers is not as la^r.-re 
as we hj;d hoped it would be oy this tine. At present v;e have 3^^ subscrib- 
ers, '.Ve hope, however, tha.t in time c.t least the merfcers of the Institute 



Pa^e 2 



II E 2 d (2) 



a^M X Oil 



Clh5.c£{50 He^orev; Institute Oo server , I\^oveinber, IJl.?. 

will find it worth while to suoscrilDe. At T;resent we are Tiailing this 
pamphlet even to those mem'bers of the Institute who have as ^et not suh— 
scrihed. 'Those v/ho Y.r.Ye hrd any e:qoericnce at r-ll in such worl: v;ill real- 
ize thrt it is not ^ rery ea,s:y tash: v/e need the cooperation of at least 
the ^nerri'bers of the Institute in order to assure the success of this enter- 
prise, which we feel is very much needed in our work. 



Sxnense - 
Revenue - 



- - 23'^/^0 



< «. '■ -l ^ .' 



> 
^ 



' ' } 



II B 2 d (2) 
II D 1 



JZflSH 



Chicago Hebrew Institute Obeerrer, Horember 1912* 

Associated Bulletin 






3 






The editorial conmittee of the Associated Bulletin* which is published 
by the Toung Men's Associated Jewish Charities » deserve considerable credit forr^ 
the rery interesting and instructlTe publication Just issued^ Social workers 
will undoubtedly find the information therein contained, of great help and 
senrice in their work* 



V 



% 



II E ■? d (c? ) JE^l SH 



Tl->e Hefonr. Advocate , Vol. 1-^2, rn<:. of Nov. 1^, I3II. po.''3^-^3^. '^^ 



Joseph P??.r\-in, for^jerly of Chicf.i'^o, is pa;^-irig this citv a visit. In 1^S7 
Kr. Pp.rvin ouolished here a se'u-nionthl^/- Je^visn p?.per under the name of "The 
Star 01 Israel.'' This journal lived only a few nonths. 

Hr, Farvin has with hiin a nirrlDer of mariuscripts, consisting* of essays, lec- 
ttires, s'-retches and short stories v;hich he intends to puLlish, 



^s 



^ 



II 



-r^J^v 



II B 2 d (g ) 

II B 2 d (3) 



A I'ISW JOUHiiAL. 



JEWISH 



Courier . October 27, I907, 
HEAJm AlTD SEEK. 



WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 



The San.itorium is a new journal published once every two months, as the 
"organ of the Jewish Consuniptive Relief Society." 

Actually it is not merely en organ "but 9 good journal, which should in- 
terest every Jew, whether he is a raem'ber of the Jewish Consumptive Relief 
Society or not. It would "be highly desirahle that ever^'- Jew receive a 
copy of each ohtainahle at a yearly subscription price of twenty-five 
cents. The Sanitorium is printed in both Yiddish and English for young 
and old and in the interest of the SDonsors of the Denver Sanitorium in 
Denver, Colorado. The publication has many pictures and interesting 
articles on the sanitorium and the care of patients at the sanitorium. 
One v/ill find majiy Chicago Jews among the list of donors and sponsors. 

While on the subject of TDublications we would like to remind our reading 
public of the appearance of a new book, in Chicago, the Jewish Musician. 



1«"- 



\ 



J^-, i ''..- 



II B 2 d (2 ) 
II B 2 d (3) 



JS7/ISH 



V^PA(1LUPR0J.3027S 

Courier, October 27, I9O7, 



We are feure the book will prQ.ve to be highly interesting to our book- 
loving public. The Jewish MusicirJi may be obtained at eny of the Kimball 
Piano Stores or at Lyon and Healy, comer J?c^-<:son end Wabash, 

The Jewish Aid Society which is an off-shoot of the United Hehrew Chari- 
ties, held its first me'^^ting last Friday evening. This gpve fifteen di- 
rectors an opportunity to get acquainted and map out their prograin of 
activities for the coming year, 

(Signed) Aleph, 



s" 



II E 2 d (2 ) 
IV 



JEWISH 



-5^ 



^ 









The Reform. Advoca.te > Vol. 27, Wk. of June 25. 190U. p.Uf5. f 

Julius Silversmith died on June 22, He was for a number of years editor of 
the Occident, formerly puolished in this city. He was also connected v/ith 
various Jerish publications. 



-* • 


"^ 


■.y ' 


■' 




II B 2 d (2) 



> ^ 



The Eefona Advocate > Vol*21,Wk.of May 1|,1901, P# 368. 



JBinSH 



There appeared in Chicago for several years a Hebrew Weekly called 
"^Hapesgah" (The Summit). This journal was edited by the well-known Hebrew 
writer, W. Schor* "Hapesgah'' was discontinued last year* 






^ 

^ 

o^ 



%. 



■> I 



II B 2 d (2) 



JlflgH 



The Refo rm Advocate,7ol*21,Wk.of May U,1901, P.368. 



The R*A# and the "Chicago Israelite" are the only two Jewish papers 
in the English language published in Chicago* In the jargon^ we have the ^ 
"Daily and Weekly Jewish Courier", "Der Blumengarten" and the "Jewish Press" • i 



$ 

^ 



II B 2 d (2 ) 

IV JEWISH -:d. 

V A 1 



(3. 



^- 



The Refona Advocate. Vol. 21, Wk. of May U, I90I. p. 351. 



%. 



Dr. B, SchreilDer was born DecemlDer I3, 1853 » i^ Peipril, Maehren. In Novem- 
"ber ISSl Dr. Schreiber cajne to this coiinti^^. Prom 1393 to IS96, he was the 
editor of the "Occident" in Chicago. At present he is the leader of Congre- 
gation Emanuel. 



t 



II B 2 d (2 ) 
IV 



JEWISH 



The Reform Advocate , Wk. of Febniary 5, IS^S. p.g38. 
Prom a letter written by B. Pelsenthal to the editor of the R> A . 

"Ahout four months ago there appeared in Chicago, a Hebrew weekly called Ha^- 
Pisgah ( The Summit )t whose main tendency is to advocate the cause of Zion- 
ism. The editor of this weekly is Mr. W. Schur, a gentleman who has proved 
"by his literary work in journalistic fields and by several Hebrew books 
which he has published that he is perfectly qualified to be the editor of 
such a periodical. Mr. Schur writes Hebrew with ease, fluency and in a style 
which is attractive and fascinating, •• 



II B 2 d (2) 



IV 



JEWISH 



4^. 

Ihe Reform Advocate, Wk. of March 23, 1S95. p.JS* ^ 



The first xxamher of the new monthly magazine devoted especially to our 
th women, will appear next week. \Ltvl 
prepared an iinusually Interesting nomher. 






,,"> 



Jewish women, will appear next week. Urs, Rosa Sonneschein, the editor, has '^^ 



Among the contents are "The Uodezn Jewess", hy Dr« Hirsch, "The Position 
of Women in America" hy Br. Uoses, and a hiography of Mrs. Solomon. 

The puhlishers are the Rosa Sonneschein Puhllshing Co. in Chicago. 



II B 2 d (2 ) JEWISH 






r 



The Haform Advocate. Wk. of June 17 » 1S93» 



From the list of American Jewish Journals, the following are Chicago 
puhlications, "Chicago Israelite," "Occident," and "Sahbath Visitor^" 



"c \ 



I- 
I 



I 






" B 2 H (9^ 



JETWSH 



THE OCCIDENT ^ February 4, 1881 




The Chioagoer Israelit 



o 



This Hebrew publication has Just been issued and presents a hand- 
some typographical appearance. For the present the same comes as a ^ 
monthly • It is hoped that the indefatigable publisher, Mr. Ettelsohnt ^ 
may soon receive sufficient encouragement to allow the Israelit to appear j^ 
weekly. 



.'i 






II B 2 d (2) 



jzr.'isH "'^i' 



A 



The j9V7iGh Advance, J\-ine 14, 1878. 






.-'1 






A chaste and coiaprehensive Jev/ish journal seer.s to be a necessity in this city. 
VJe have undertaken the taslc of publishing such a paper, and hope to meet v;ith 
the encoura£^e::ent of all classes of citizens. .:e have engaged in the editiori- 
al ::ana£:enont the best talent suited for the purpose. The follaving are the 



rules v;hich are laid do^'in for the conduct of "^ 



ho Jev/ish x^dvance: 



1. The ne;vs of the day, pertaini:\^ to cociol interest in c^eneviil and to Jev;- 
ish society in particular, shall be condensed in coluj^ms of -he Jev-risb 
/ixl Vance in brief and conprehensive paragraphs. For this purpose uo have 
ordered e::chc.nc:es fi*o'.; Oeriiany, France, 1-Jn~[:land, Russia, and so forth, 
and v/e have opened a corresnondonce -./ith riany personal fviends^ both 
hero and in Uurope. V/e v/ill thus be able to f.ive our readers items of 
interest froi-i the first sources, -i::!! earlier than any other journal of 
the kind. 



^ . 



Donostic and local nev/s v;e v/ill also rather at the first source. i:o 



II B 2 d (2) - E - J};-..15H 



rn 



The Jevash Advance, June 14, .1878. 

correspondence vrill be accepted unlec3S .e shall ^cna; t;ie -jriter to be a re- 
sronr.ible and fair-nindec rorson* In religious and social raatters, vie \jill 
allov: fair play to the opinions oi o';r contributors; but vie vjill reserve the 
privile-e to reject or correct all sue:: contributicnc, .aiich iiarht be dis- 
pleas ir.g to .^-ood taste. 

3. 77e shall endeavor to pro:.iote every cood ..easure, v/hich v-ill be advanced 
either by our venerable contej.ipcraries, or by any of our representative men 
for the v/olfare and elevation of our race. 

4. Our belletristic part •;ill consist of original stories, sketches, essays, 
and so forth, either fro:r. our ov.ti pen or fron that of our contributors. V.-e 
villi give all encouragenent to donestic talent. 

5. In our editorial articler, the questions of the day v;ill be treated; in 
"The Pulpit" department v.^ v-ill brinrr s^T.opsis of 3err:ions and lectures by 
our representative pulpit orators; in the "Students* Coluiiin" chips of learn 



V 

II B 2 d (2) - 3 - JSr/JISH - 



The Jevfish Advance, June 14, 1878. '-a 



ing and v/isdom v/ill be bro^^ght; and the German departnent , (enb racing the 
6th and 7th pages,) vrill also be varied v;ith r.iatters of good taste and use- 
ful info iTTiat ion. 

6. The Je\'7ish Advance v:ill l;ave a Calendar of Loiges, Congregations and im- 
poiiiant social meetings of the v/eek, in v/hich every noveinont of general in- 
terest vjill be noted dovm. 'Te shall be tliankful to lecturers, irdnisters and 
presidents of social orgc'.ni sat ions, if they will send us subjects of lectures 
or important debates to be aiinounced beforehand. 

Besides these regulations v:e chall endeavor to introduce as man^^ useful and 
agreeable features in The Je\\rish Advance , as tine and experience may suggest. 
We shall strive to be pleasing and useful, and hope that the confidence and 
support of all fair-minded people v.lll assist us to a successful career, which 
nay be an honor to the Israelites of our city emd a benefit to Liany*. ••• 

Eenry Gersoni, editor. 
Max Stem, publisher. 






^I. 



CONTRIBUTIONS 
AND ACTIVITIES 
B* Avocational and Intellectual 
2. Intellectual 
d* Publications 
(3) Books 






i'-* <*. 



,M 



;>'^*: 




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>.<:,,/-; 



A-.: 



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':fex^.. 




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■'■?J>SS'» 






II B 2 d (^) 
IV 



JK.vISH 



The Reform Advocate , May 9, 1931. 

TH3 JSiTISH PIONEERS IN .^^RICA 

Jewish Pioneers in America , by Anita Libman Lebeson, a resident of Hubbard 
tfoods, although just off the press, already is receiving the highest praise 
from historians and leaders in American Jewry. Not only is this volume an 
outstanding document portraying the part Jews have played in the grovrth of 
this continent, starting with the Jewish sailors who accompanied Columbus, 
but it reads like a romance - a romance woven together from hitherto unkno'/m 
important historical facts« 

a 
The book is written in/convincing and yet restrained manner, which carries 
with it both authority and appreciation on the part of the reader that 
this Chicago woman has handled her subject in an guniazingly impartial and 
capable manner • 






II 5 2 d (1) 
IV 



r 






JE'TCJI 






The Reforn Adyoc-.te, Hay 9f 1931. -^^ 



Mrs» Lebeson truly is h product of Chic ..o and its environs • She Cume to 
this city in her early childhood ivith lier r)arent3, Mr. i^nd Urs. Morris Libman 
of 54'^ Briar ?luce» She v/as ^-ruduatud from the University of Illinois in 
1913, v;here she received the dej,rt;o of Buchelor o^ Arts. As a result of her 
excellent scholarship^ shu v/as elected to 1 hi Beta Kappa and Kappa Delta Mi. 

V/'hile doini^ graduate ^/ork ut the University of Illinoi's, she carried on re- 
searches in the Je\dsh j. rticl oation in the d-.-velopment of the Mi ssi ssinji 
Valley. 3he also die conoiderable research v ork for the Illinois Historical 
Sarvey and the Illinois Centennial Commission. She has contributed many 
learned discussions to the Llississippi Valley Hi storical Review. 

During the academic year 1913-1919 1 whe v/as a member oi the faculty of the 
history deo;j rtment at the University of Illinois. For five years after that. 



V; 



TI B 2 d (3) 
IV 



^ 



^ - JC-'ISH 



The ^.eform Advocvte, I.^ay 9» 19I^1» vii^L 



T - 



IJrs» Lebeson .-as on th- history faculty oT the John L'urshall ITi^h T.chool^ 
where she earned for herself the re|:>utatioii oT bein^ on-- of the leading 
history teachers in the Chicv^^o public r>criOol system* 

l'rs» Lebeson tr^^ces the trwels of jioneer Jev/s ^vith Cortez through the dense 
forests of Mexico^ those v^ho piercec tho 3out'n Aiaerican "'ilderness, braved 
the swar.DS of the "'est Incies and oenetr-.ted into the f^.r re^.ches of the Ilorth 
Americs-.n continent under Uhe En^lisli, French, Dutch, t^nd Tortur^ese fl?.gs« 
The storv ooens ^/ith the discover^'' of America. It links the dark dismal d-' vs 
of the Inc.uisiti on -•] th the nev vistas opened up by the discovery of the 
"'estern continent, T.j^ny highly int'-restin^^ ;isn.::cts of Colonial life are 
introduced. "he uarticiDa tion of Je\;s in the rifcvolutionar^^ move'iient, :■ n the 
v;ar of 1312, as patriots, privatec;rs, solnierL*, officers and financiers is 
ohiv^nicled. 



II S 2 (1 ("") 



IV 



- k - 



'% 






^;- 







'^A. 



'T^'n, 



"".eforrp Advoc- te , :.:ay 9, 1931 



The 19th centi^ry i:oru^^le for equality und roco^^ni tion is recorded. The 
Reforni movement is tr^'.ceu historically una Je- ish efforts at AmeriCL:.n coloni- 
zation arc noted* The illustrutionc are especially v;ell chcseii. '^ome of the.a 
are verv rare and never huve been rer>rodur.f>d hefort^ in any volume of lustor'% 
There is a wood cut of the J^w^s of th Inquisition ''ir.it r^'nt- d in IA92, 
a map of Ne.vport v/nich v;us usud by ohe 3rit.io}i ^.^c.airalty \a 177^, chowing 
a nur:;ber of plj^ces of Je\a£li interest. In addition t h^ •»-< 



V »V 



:o r:. re anc 






e*.rlv maivi- of Z 



oath America und the I.'ev. ".'orld# 



For 



■wiiOS' 



who desire 



'0 r^ed furt'^er 



tlian I.>s« Leheson's sp'.-.rklini^ m-rrative, 
there is a thorou>^h and com^^letely documented ap]jendix» coritaininr^ footnotes 
and a detailed bj blio.^raphy. The ap <-n'iiy itself as a /orA o? iiistorical 
resefirch has be-in b^^'jlily commended by 'listorians* Her husban-^., Herman Lob' son, 
is a v/ell ;:rov.n food chemist in Cbicr.,^o. 



II B 2 d (5) 
IV 



'i> ^.v, 



Forward, Apr. 19, 1931. 
CHICAGO JSAfSSS ^ITSS ITCETANT WORl^: OK JS.rtSH PIONEERS OF AIvISRICA 

A very important book in English has just been published, written by a 
young Chicago Jewess, Mrs. Anita Liebman Lebenson, and entitled, Jewish 
Pioneers in America. 

Anita Liebman Lebenson is one of the capable daughters of Morris and Liza 
Liebman, a fanily of businessmen and scholars who i;rjnigrated to Chicago 
twenty-five years ago from Vilna, Russia. 

A sister of the authoress is the wife of the well-known novelist and 
journalist, Ben Hecht. Mrs. Hecht, also an authoress, recently published 
a very interesting novel, and is employed at present as a newspaper reporter. 
A third sister is a doctor of medicine. 

Anita Liebman Lebenson devoted much time to her historical work. It took her 
nearly thirteen years to gather the material. 






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Forward, Apr* 19, 1951 • 

Many critics vrho have already read the book claim that it is a very 
important contribution to the history'* of the first Je;;ish.iiiniii grants in 
America and the development of the first Jewish communities. 

The author is a xvell educated person. Born in Tilna, she came vjith her 
parents to America when still a little girl, receiving her education in 
Chicago, where she 3r::duated from high school and college v;ith high honors, 
later becoming a teacher at John Liar shall High School. 

The book is rich in pictures and contains volumes of interesting information 
and bibliographical notes • . 



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The Reform Advocate, Week of November 10, 1928, Volume 76, Page 495. 



'71 



Benjamin P. Goldsteint Chicago attorney t has attained wide recognition be-^ 
cause of his "book Marke ting A Farmer's Pro_bleni» which has been published by<>^ 
the MacMillan Company* ' 



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The Sentinel, Wk. of January l6, I925. Vols. 57-58, p.lU. 






No comprehensive hook in the English language has yet heen written on the ^ 
inspiring history of Jewish literature. Dr. Ahraham I. Schechter, Profess- 
or of Jewish history and literature at the Chicago Hehrew Theological Col- 
lege, has written a hook covering all tranches of Jewish Biblical litera- 
ture. 



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17 

Daily Jev/ish Courier , Liay 2, 1924 



JE'vISH 



1!I::tc:iy c? li;: j e .s cf ciiCAao is r^^uji at iast 

Ivlr. K. 1.:. Il-oites, secretary of the Jevjish rlistorical Society of Illinois, 
has fini3hGd, after ten years of unceasin-* labor, a great book — History 
of the Jev;s of Chicar.o. 'Tlie printers have already finished their work and 
nov; it is in the hands of the bookbinders • 



It is exnected that either Arthur Brisbane of the Chicaro Aiuerican , or the 
forr.er vice-president /of the United States/, Ihoaas R. Larshall, v;ill be 
the chief ST)eaker of the evenin;;. 



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A meeting o± trvly historical siGnificance vfill be held on Londay evening, f= 

Hay 19, at the buildinc of the Chicago Historical Society, Dearborn C 

and Ontario Streets. Tlie Chicuco Je^/ish Conriunity v;ill be presented at this ^ 

neetinr v;ith the oook* The Dresentation v/ill take place under appropriate 2 

and iiTiTjressive cerenonies. ^ 






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Daily Jewish Courier , Feb. 22, 1924. 

/IS,; BOOK ;;RirTsi>; m iebrev^ 

by 

Dr. S. Li. Le lamed 

Our mutual friend and sympathizer, Dr. Abrahan Levinson of Chicago, has ^ 
written a book in Hebrew about Tobias, the Physician, a German Jev/ of the g 
seventeenth century who played an important role in the history of medicine, .^^ 
and v;as also a very interesting personality. The book is written in a fluid p 
and colorful Hebrew. Tlie book has been published with fine illustrations by ^ 
the publishing firm Romon,.of Berlin, Germany. Hebrew literature does not g 
have many such books and Dr. Levinson, therefore, deserves our thanks for 
his contribution, which is a very useful one. Furthermore, it is a good thing 
for iiurope to realize that there is at least one Jew in Chicago who finds time c? 
to write a book in Hebrew, and that Chicago can contribute something worth 
while to the new Hebrew literature. Since Dr. Levinson is already engaged in 
writing a Jev/ish medical history, v/hy shouldn't he write a history of medicine 
in Hebrew? Such a book is badly needed. 



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The Sentinel . Wk. of January 18, I92H, Vol. 53-5U, p. 9. 

ft 

Sinai Congregation has announced that it has donated $1,000 which will 
he used to defray expenses for puhlishing one volxime of ^» Idelson's 
Encyclopedia of Jewish Music in memory of ^r. Hirsch, 






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IV Daily Jev/lsh Courier > Feb. 16, 1923. 

J?X1.: TEI2 SVE OF THS aVBMTH TO IKS LT3 OF THS aVEBATH 

Before me lies a book of four hundred and sixty pages, bearing the proud 
title. Culture and Civilization . The book is vn^itten in a language which 
my blockhead cannot understand — it is v;T?itten in a Yiddish of the tv/enty- 
second century'" — and I am only a child of my tiiiie and understand only the 
language of my time. I have often had occasion to read philosophic books 
v/hich v/ere v;ritten in an obscure style, but I have nov/, for the first time 
in my life, read a philosophic book v;ritten in a wrapping-paper style (sic). 

These nrmies run through the book indiscriminately: Kant, Y. L. Peretz, 
Smerson, and Tolstoi — practically all of v;hom are well knovm and famous. 
Hov/ever, as I read of these famous men v/ho are grouped together although 
they v/ere as far apart as the poles in their trend of bhougjit (for example, 
Y. L. Peretz and ^ilmmanuel Kant), I had the feeling that I v/as eating a cold 
goulash and reluctantly thourjit of kosher hot dogs, of hot duiaplings, of ray 
grandmother's holiday cakes, of cream cheese, of manischev/itz»s mazoth, of 



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17 Daily Jev/ish Courier , Feb. 16, 1923. 

Kelmer /^lall tov;n in Lithuania7, of preacher* s sermons. . ..and of my 
great-rrandf ather * s mother-in-lav;. 

You must understand that the book is v/ritten for plain folks v;ho understand 

only Yiddish, because people v;ho can read iiJn^.lish or any European lancua^e 

need not depend on I.r. f^Tf ITathanson^'s philosophic tripe. i\nd Jevj-s v/ho 

can read Yiddish only are plain folks ";ho have common sense. V.lien they 

are served such a cold co^l^sh, v/hich is half r.oulash and half hash, and 

are told, ''Head, and choke it dov;n," I can L.^nine v;hat an unpleasant ^ 

feeling they must have. ij]ven if they simllov/ all of the cold roulash that 

ICr. riathanson serves them, they are still not satisfied, because they do not 

knav v/hat I.r. Ilathanson is aiming at, nor v/hat he v/ishes to prove, nor v:hat 

his principal ideas are. 

If you know that your v/ife has purchased a fine qualitj^ of fresh meat and 
fresh vegetables and instead of preparing a good meal, serves an unpalatable 
dish of hash, you certainly are angry — and in reprimanding her, you may even 






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IV Daily Jev/ish Courier ^ ?eb. 16, 1923. 

remind her Lhat she had no dov;ry v;hen she marriod you. ;jid ;7hGn I see a 
person taicinr t:70 such [Teat subjects as culture and civilization, and 
turning then into something highly involved — both as to logic and as to 
literary style — I become angry v;ith him and charge him vath not being 
prepared for his \;ork, and .vith approaching a question about v/hich he 
is totally uninformed. 



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Civili2.ation and culture are t'.vo extremely complicated subjects, ..hich 
should not be handled by Yiddishists ^dvocate of Yiddish as national ^ 
lanvguagey", v/ho are radical stump speakers. If a radical Yiddishist does "^ 
vn?ite on civilization and culture, he should not v/ander off into other 
fields; he should v;rite on the civiliz:.tion and culture of his ovm 
environment. Yiddishist conceptions of civilization and culture in 
general are very interesting, but it v^ould be better to read the glreat 
French, En^-lish, and German sociologists and philosophers on culture 
and civilization. However, it v/ould be very interesting to listen 
occasionally to some theories on Jev:ish culture and Jev;ish civilization 



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lY Daily Jev;ish Courier , Feb. 16, 1923. 

held by a man \;ho considers himself a modern Jew. Naturally, these ideas 
must be expressed clearly, so that everybody can understand them. 

If Ljr. Kathanson does not deem it an honor to occupy himself /^oleljj v;ith ^ 

the question of Jev/ish culture and Jev/ish civilization^ I shall help him r^ 

by formulatinc this question: Is there a Jev/ish civilization? lias there <^ 

ever been a Jev.dsh civilization? If not, v/hy not? In order to ansv/er this 3 

question, Tr. ITathanson must, first of all, know what civilization in general 2 

is, and v;hat Jev/ish civilization in particular is — provided that there is, or g 

ever was such a thing as Jev/ish civilization. I ara convinced that Llr. Nathan- *^ 

ex* 

son cannot define civilization because a definition of civilization is still 
a highly controversial question. The French, for example, cannot distinguish 
betv/een civilization and culture. In French, the i7ord "civilization" means 
both civilization and culture. 

Next, the author v/ill have to explain v/hat Jewish culture in general is and 
v/hether there is su.ch a thing at the present time as Jev/ish culture. If 



II B 2 d (5 ) - 5 - JEWISH 

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IV Dally Jewish Courier . Feb. 16, 1923. 

there Is, \fhat Is Its relationship to Jewish civilization, 1. e., to \i*iat 
extent has Jewish culture been developed and formed by Jewish civilization? 

I realize however, that Mr* Nathanson cannot tackle such a piece of work* 
An analysis of Jewish culture requires more than the reading of pamphlets 
by Karl Marx; it requires an intensive study of Hebrew literature — above C 
all, one must be a Jew, a sincere Jew with true Jewish ideas. But this ^ 
cannot be expected of a man who is a Yiddishist and a radical. A radical 2 
Tiddlshist will not, under any circumstances, acknowledge Jewish culture, lo 
nor can he ever form a conception of Jewish culture — from the ocean of :^ 
Jewish thought which has found its expression in fifty thousand Hebrew 
books from the Bible to Ahad Ha-am /considered the father of modem Hebrej^. 
If a radical Jew does believe in Jewish culture, the culture in which he 
believes, is neither culture nor Jewish, but is rather Sholom Asch*s "God 

of Revenge** Since it is impossible to write a book of five hundred 

pages on this type of Jewish culture, Mr. Nathanson wrote instead, in his 
involved Yiddish, a book on culture and civilization in general* He proved 



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IV Daily Jev;ish Courier , i?'eb. 16, 1925, 

one cood thing' ^7 ^is l)Ook. He proved that a person should not — a person ^ 
TAist not v;rite such a took if he does not vjish to he considered a literary w 
jackass. 

If the author of this book had been a true friend of mankind, he v;ould not 
have -.-ritten this book because the v/orld is borinc enough without publishing 
boring, books — books 7:hich make one yavm are crimes against humanity. 






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Daily Jmlah Fonmrd> Jan, 21, 1924 • 



HISTORY OF THE CHICAGO JETS 



Tlie history of the Jev/s in Chicago for the last seventy-five years has 
at last come to light. The material for this history was compiled by 
the Jev/ish Historical Society, which will rive it to the public in 
connection with the celebration of the day, seventy-five years ago, 
when the first Jew came to Chicago. 

The history of the Jev/s, v;hich has been published at the cost of many 
efforts and expenses, owes its appearance to the untiring work of 
Mr. Hyman L. Lleitas, who spent five years at this difficult task in 
the Jewish Historical Society, an organization founded in 1918 for 
the purpose of writing it. The Society's first president v/as Julius 
Rosenwald. This position is now occupied by S. J. Rosenblatt. 




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Only three thousand copies of the book will be published. The history 



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• Daily Jewish Fonmrd . Jan. 21, 1924* 



JK7ISH 



contaiiBall the activities of the Jews from the time of the first Jew 
settled in Chicago until this day. Copies will be distributed to all 
members of the Jewish Historical Society next Monday night at a meeting 
of the society, as well as to all newspaper publishers, libraries, and 
colleges. Very few copies v/ill be sold. 

President Rosenblatt declared yesterday that the task of writing this 
book was a very difficult one, but that the results are v;orth the trouble 

"I feel,** said Rosenblatt, "that this book vjill be kept sacred by all 
Chicago Jews because it is a memorial to their marvelous participation 
in the growth of Chicago.^ 




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III A 
lY Daily Jev;ish Courier > Feb. 16, 1923. 

AIZXAIHER ElHIuWY HOITOHSD JY JSVHISII LEADERS OF CIUCiGO 

In the Pompeian Hoon of Gold^s Restaurant, a reception and banquet v/ere 
given in honor of .Alexander L'arkavy, noted Jev/ish lexicographer and linguist, 
v/hose dictionaries have contributed rjreatly to the rapid /aaericanization of 
our people in this countr:^'. This banquet v;as larrel^^ attended by leaders of 
organizations and institutions and v;elfare v;orkers v;ho have become c^ay in 
public service, as v;ell as b3^ iiany intellectuals and representatives of the ^ 
various professions. rj 

Ivlr. 3. Ilor./ich v/as toastiuaster of the eveninr^. He SDOke of the virtues of o 



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the honored {niest and the ;;onderful ■.;ork that Ar. Harkav^r had accomplished. ; o 

The speakers vreve: Lr. S. J. Rosenblatt, Dr. S. A. x-.elaiaed, Jud^e Harry I.:. -"^ 

Fisher, Rabbi /X. L^T" Lassen, Ar. 3. B. Aoinaiko, Ijt. Ilathan D. Kaplan, ^ 
Judge P. Brecstone, and several representatives of the radical group. 

A comnittee of ten v/as appointed to popularise Hark- vy^s nevi Yiddish-Anglish- 



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lY Dailv Jev/ish Courier, ?eb. 16, 1923. 



Hebrev; idiomatic dictionary and to procure 1,500 subscriptions for this 
masterpiece, v/hich i:r. Harkavy has novr completed. 

In his unique v/ay, the distia':uished cuest thanlced the leaders of this 
city for the beautiful reception /ci^en himTj. and rave a summary of his 
lexicQgraphic v;ork and of the nevr features /to be found/ in his idiomatic 
dictionary. 



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'^PA(iLL)Pft0J.3027| 



Forward . Feb* 10, 1923 • 



William Nathanson, author of "Culture and Civilization", will 
lecture on his book, which created a great sensation in the 
world of Jewish literature. The lecture, arranged by the 
Poale Zion br. 4, will be held tomorrow evening* in the Jewish 
Peoples Institute, 1258 West Taylor Street. 



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rtPA(ILL)PR0J.3Q275 



Forward . Feb. 1, 1923' 



Jews of Chicago, especially the emigrant Jews, have an eminent 
visitor In Chicago now- the famous Jewish Philologist, Author of 
i the Jewish-English dictionary and grammar books- Alexander Harkavy. 

^::^Al«xander Harlcavy cam* to Chicago with the Intention of publishing 
: his new dictionary. This will he a dictionary In three languages and 
r. In two volumes* One volume will contain-; Jewish-Hebrew- English; 
% the other;- Engl Ish^Hebrew- Jewish. 

. This edition will be an enrichment In the library of every Jewish 

1^ home and there Is no doubt that the Jews of Chicago, especially the 

* emigrant Jews, will support Harkavy'e plans, which he hopes to 

;• materialize this year. ; 






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Daily Jewish Courier , Sept. 7, 1922# 

^. UEITSS AND EIS HISTORY/ 

by 

Dr. S. LI. Melamed 



Mr« H. L. Lleites informs me officially, semiofficially, and unofficially that 
he has left for New York and V/ashington to gather material for his book on 
the history of the Jews in Chicago. I have explained to Mr. Ueites that 
history is a description of life in the past, and since the Jews of Chicago 
have no past in this city — neither their parents nor their grandparents lived 
here — there cannot be any talk of a history of the Jews in Chicago, but 
rather of a Chicago-Jewish record, notes, chronicle — call it vjhat you will* 
Maybe this is \i\diat Mr. Meites means; if so, he called his child by a wrong 
name. 

However, if he means to compile a record of the Jewish community in Chicago, 

he will perfonn an excellent and necessary piece of work. He will be doing 

a great service to the Chicago Jews, a service vftiich will not soon be forgotten. 



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IV 

Daily Jewish Courier, Sept. 7, 1922* 

I will give Mr. Meites a few tips v^ten he returas from his trip to New York 

and Washington. I worked once in some archives and I was also engaged for 

a few years in a historical seminar in a big university. Those "tips^* might 

be of use to him because they can save him a great deal of v/ork. If 

Ikir. Meites has patience, he can read an article of mine on Jewish history 

in the Hebrew magazine, Heosid, another article of mine on history and ^ 

historiography in the Menorah journal, and a third article by me in the Berlin 3 

magazine, East and ^^/est of July, 1912. I was once interested in this subject. 3 

l«dr« Meites knows vAiere he can reach me if he v;ants to save himself time and ^ 

energy. -o 

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Dally Jeivish Courier , l!ay 25, 1922. 



HO;/ EIOITT YOUNG JE./ISH P03T3 3I1MG ABOUT CIUCaGO 
Appearance of Young Chicago , Issued by a Group of Young Chicago V/riters 

by 
Sol Pozner 



Tills is not the first attempt of our "young" poets to issue a collection of 
their work. Their first publication III st did not create a stir in the 
Jewish ghetto. The poems contained in that publication were really some^vhat 
mistytand therefore, remained unnoticed. The "young" ascribed the failure 
of that publication to the fact that the poems had no originality, neither 
of thought nor of form. Tiiey, therefore, tried very hard to present both 
in their present effort. But the trouble is that they tried too hard and 
overshot the mark. Kany of their poems are really original. Up to nov; such 
poems have never appeared anjnvhere, and we hope will never appear again. 
Their absence from the T)resent publication would increase the r)restige of 
the young poets. 



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Had the eight young poets who -oublished this book, issued only eight copies 



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Daily Jev/ish Courier , I.Iay 25, 1922, 



— a copy for each one of them — then these lines v;ould never have been vjritten* 
The trouble is that a fevj hundred copies were printed of this book of poems 
and these copies v/ill be distributed amon^^ the Jev/ish workers. .7e, therefore, 
consider it our duty to review this collection of poems* 

;/e have alv/ays been ver\^ severe critics of obscene literature, \Ihen v;e see 
a play that cannot be called "Good literat^jre, " :ve become blood enenies of 
the theater manager, the playi^n:*ite, and the actors because v;e hold then 
responsible for the presentation of an obscene play. Our youth has alv;ays 
been the severest critic of obscenity. The question then naturally arises: 
how did our youth happen to create the obscenities that are found in the 
issue of Younf; Chicago? 

The representative of obscenity in Young Chicago is a certain ^:r. Mates L«, 
a man with a degenerate and sick imagination, v/ho should have spent the last 
few years in a psychopathic hospital. His fev/ poems are so repulsive that 
they poison the entire book, even the beautiful poems that are there. 



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Daily Jewish Courier, L'.ay 25, 1922. 



JEjISII 



.■,'6 are sorry that -ve cannot quote many passa'-es from those "poens" because 
they are unprintable; they are the i)rc'i.uct of a sick spirit* He shall, 
hovjever, be satisfied v/ith ouotini^^ only one passar^e, the mildest of the 
**poens**; 

*'The chained bull 

''Kicks his feet, bellows, 

'Tie calls the co:v in the field, 

"I bellov; and call in pain 

^T.y ;vorn.an — at night." 



The "Doet^ com-oares himself to the bull and forgets that he is doin.3 the 
bull a terrible injustice. However, let us not speak of the injustices that 
this *'poef comraits. .ie regret only that our young poets thour^ht it appro- 
priate to include this repulsive trash in their collection of poems. This 
is a black mark against them, v;hich they v/ill not be able to v/ipe out easily. 
Their excuse that they are *'young'' vrill not do. I:any of them are far fromi 
young. Crorelik*s poem.s v;ere printed ten years ago in the best magazines and 
nev7ST)ar)ers of the countr^^. 



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Dally Je'.vish Courier, "ay 35, 1922. 









The annoyance is still £?reater v:hen one considers that in Youn^ Chicago 
there can be found many beautiful, and c^^uine poems. VJlienever the poets 
\vrote vjith the intention of creating something gi^^a't and ori'-inal, they 
were unsuccessful. Their songs about Chica^io are artificial and trite. 
Nothing original can be found in the poems of Ben Sholem, Gorelik, Llathias 
Deutch, and Isaac Honch. They all sing of locomotives, bells, bridges, 
steam, and smoke. All the poems have the same form and the same harsh 
v/ords. Some poems are a mere juxtaposition of v/ords; they do not say anything. 



Ben Sholem sings of Chicago; 






''Chicago! 

"A row of railroad stations; 
''3tone and steel stations 
'^Surround thee." 



The poet forgets that Chicago is not a row of railroad stations and that the 



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Daily Jev/ish Courier > L.ay 25, 1922» 

railroad stations do not surround Chica^^o but are found in the very heart 
of the city. 

The poets are not particularly at ease -vhen they sing about "mother earth" 
eind the prairies, v/hich they have never seen in their lives. V/lien Isaac 
Ronch becomes artificially inspired about "mother earth," he sings: 

**IIaked Llother Earth dravjs me 

"To her green potato fields, 

"To her broxvn ears of corn — g 

"To her green open prairies* 

"I feel very very close 

"To the calf and the colt 

"Roaming in the fields." 

The poet is dravm to the potato field and to the prairie, although they are 
hardly alike! V/e cannot complain about his feeling "very close to the calf 



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Daily Jewish Courier , May 25, 1922. 

and colt roamin^^ in the field'\ Very likely, he knov/s what he is talking 
about, 

V/hat is more, we cannot understand why the poet should lament his uncom- 
mitted sins: 

♦'Sinsl lly sinsl Uncommitted sinsl 

''Pursue me — everyv/herel 

♦•Like fear — the blind I 

"Like death — the aged, the sickl" 

You read the poem and it makes no impression upon you. It has never made any 
impression upon the poet. His conscience never troubled him for the sins he 
did not commit and he never felt any ->ain even when he cried, somewhat 
mechanically, in his poem. 

VJhenever the poets did not seek to create forcibly something original 



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Daily Jewish Courier , May 25, 1922 



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(which is above their powers), and were satisfied to vn:ite ordinary poems, 
they succeeded in creating beautiful and genuine poetry. 

Bessie Hershfield/PomerantzTdoes not attempt, as others do, to fly above 
the clouds, and is, therefore, sure of not falling into the mud. She sings 
very beautifully: 

•*2vening comes upon me, treading softly.... 

'♦T.^ethinks you sit facing me 

**Heading a poem to me. 

"You read a line, stop, 

'*And throw a glance at me. 

"And I~? I hear not 

"A single ?/ord you read. 

"For my lips murmur softly — 

"I love you." 






V/hen Bessie Hershfield/Pomerantz7*sings of love, you feel that it is not an 



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Daily Jewish Courier , Lay 25, 1922, 

artificial song. She sings so naively and deli^litfully: 

"Hov; happy I shall be, 
"./hen you will come to me I 
"If you will only couch me, 
"Yours shall I always be I 
".'Jith joy unicnown before 
"I shall enter your embrace, 
"And with my last breath — 



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"Receive your kiss I" S 



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Eselin also has a fev/ sincere poems ;^ich are v/orthy of note, Ilis poem 
"Honor'' is really beautiful, 

"Quietly grandma stood last ni^ht before the God of 

Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob too, 
"//ith her thin hands over her face she pleaded 

her req^uest — with tears. 



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Daily Jewish Courier , L:ay 25, 1922. 

*'Tears — like falling snow upon the earth 
that spreads itself under the blue ni/:3ht 

and becomes a broad white blanket. ^ 

"Tears — that kiss av;ay the misty ejes of 2 

a passer-by. ^^ 

•'Thus cried my rrandma — last nigjit." p 

Baruch G-oldhart sin^s only about *'dark-eyed" beauties for vdiom he feels an § 

extraordinary love. His noem "Tlie Drunkard" seejns to be the best of his TDoems. ^ 

Gorelik feels at home, sorriotimes too much "at home", when he sinf:'s about ^ 

"Lian and //oman". His poem "L'an and ./oman" is really beautiful but his 
poem "The Blossoming of a New Life" is a little too daring. 

The fmi drawings in Young Chicago are of the same character as Llates L.*s 
scribblings. Portnoy*s drawings of nude v7omen have no life in them. Tlie 
first part of the body resembles a v;oman, but the second part is m.ore 



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Daily Jev/ish Courier , L^y 25, 1922. 

reminiscent of a bear. 

The book itself is very attractive; it is printed on rood paper and has a 
beautiful cover. Had the Doeins underp;one the strict censorshiD of a critical 
editor, then this collection of poems would have increased the prestie:e of 
this group of younp; vrriters. Iv^aybe tliis will be a lesson to them in the 
future. 






II B 2 d (3) 



JEWISH 



Forward . May 12, 1922 



WPA(iLL)PR0j.3Q275 



Shis coming Saturday, May 20, a supper will bs served in Che8kl*8 
Restaurant, in honor of the Anthology of Poetry which the young author pub- 
lished* 

This will be a gathering of artists, literati, and friends of Jewish 
Culture and Literature* 



It will also be a farewell avening for the young Jewish author, 
Thomas L», who has been visiting Chicago, 

Reservations for the supper and book can be made by addressing: Toung 
Chicago, I22U S» Albany Avenue* 



II B 2 d (3) JIWISH 

II B 2 c 

IV Dally Jewish Courier . Mar. 5, 1922, 

JEWISH HISTORICAL SOCIETy 
BEGINS PUBLISHING IHE HISTORY 
OF THE TEViS IN CHICAGO 

by 

J. Leibner s 

Chicago Jewry has an interesting and important history* This history is ^ 
fifty or more years old. The time is ripe for a book to be written about ^ 

it. This is being done. 3 

— ^^ 

o 

The Jewish community of Chicago is one of the greatest Jewish communities in c^ 
the world. It is at the same time the youngest Jewish community in the world. ^ 
The oldest Jewish community in Europe is Koeln am Rhein, which is mentioned 
in the Talmud under the name Kulnia. The Jewish community of Rome is two 
thousand years old. In Europe, especially in the Near East, there are many 
communities that are a thousand years old. Eleven years ago, the Jewish 
community of Theodosia, in the Crimea, celebrated its one thousandth anniversary. 

The Chicago-Jewish community is the youngest Jewish community in the world, 



II B 2 d (5) - 2 - JEYJISH 

II B 2 c 

IV Daily Jewish Courier , Mar. 5, 1922* 

although it is a great community. The future generations of Chicago will 
want to know about the early history of the Jews of Chicago. The present gen- 
eration also wants to know it. Everybody's curiosity is to be satisfied, 
thanks to the work of the Jewish Historical Society of Illinois, whose 
guiding spirit is none other than Mr. H. L. Meites. 

For the last six years, Mr. Meites has been working to collect material for 

the history. He has collected important historical documents, facts, ^ 

statistics, and pictures, which throw a brilliant light upon the life of the ^ 

Jews in Chicago since the Jewish community was established here. This <Z 

material is now classified and arranged in historical sequence. An organi- ^ 

zation has already been formed to publish this work soon, and we, of the 2 

present generation, as well as those of future generations, will possess a g 
source of interesting and important historical data. 



This is the place to mention the names of the gentlemen who are at the head 
of the Historical Society and vftio will supervise the publication of this 
volume. They are S. J. Rosenblatt, president. Judge Harry M. Fisher, vice- 
president, H. L. Meites, secretary, and Meyer Rosengard, financial secretary. 
M. E. Greenebaum, the banker, is the treasurer. 



T) 



CXI 



II B 2 d (5) - 3 - JEV/ISH 

II B 2 c 

IV Dally Jewish Courier , Mar* 5, 1922. 

Because these gentlemen occupy x)ositions of prominence in the local community^ 
and because their undertaking is important, about one hundred and fifty of 
the most prominent Jewish men and women ^f Chica^o/^ gathered at a banquet 
at the Morrison Hotel last Thursday night# They resolved to carry out 
Mr* Meites* plan immediately: 

Mr* Meites had the assistance, in his research, of Mr* A. A. Friedlander, a i 

man of Jewish as well as general education, an idealist, and a master of the 3 

English language* Mr. Meites is a very capable writer; he has a thorough ^ 

knowledge of the printing technique and a fine taste for beautiful publi- it? 

cations* V/e can rest assured that with their combined efforts the projected S 

History of the Jews in Chicago will be a great work, and an ornament to .^ 

anybody's library* ' 

No collections are being made to cover the cost of publication* This work 
is being publJLshed in a businesslike way* Subscriptions are being solicited* 
The price of a subscription is neither more nor less than fifty dollars* 
Anybody can get a copy of this book for fifty dollars* This price covers 
only the cost of publication. If one had to pay for the work done before 
publication, the book would cost more* 



. ' II B 2 d (3) - 4 - JSi'/ISH 

* II B 2 c 

IV Daily Jewish Courier > Mar. 5, 1922 • 

^Thanks are due to Mr. H. L. Meites for the low cost of the book. For six 
years, Mr. Meites has sacrificed his money, tirae, energy, and family to see 
this thing through. Had he spent the energy and activity in some other field, 
he would have been ^ateriall^ richer. Spiritual wealth, however, means 
more to him and he has lived to see the day when the Jewish representatives 
in the city have become interested in his work. This also means that he has 
the good wishes of the entire community. 

We wish him good luck and congratulate all those who realize the importance 
of publishing this long-anticipated volume. 



O 
GO 



n B 2 d (5 ) 

II A 1 

I M Dally Jewish Courier , Feb. 13, 1922. 



JEy/ISH 



"O 



BOOK REVTEitf: YOUR TEETH AND YOUR HEALOH, DR. ALBERT PARLIN, CHICAGO 

by 

Dr. A. Margolin 

In almost every European language, there Is a popular literature dealing 

with medical problems, and problems of hygiene. All scientific authorities 

in the field of popular health are convinced that everyone of us can, with ^ 

the aid of preventative measures and so-called home remedies, better pro- ^: 

tect himself against various diseases, than a physician can, after the body ^ 

has been attacked, as a result of carelessness. Our Jewish literature, un- ^ 

fortunately, has very few popularly vn:*itten medical books or books on hygiene. 2 

oo 

CD 

If we omitted Dr. Liber's periodical Our Health, which no longer appears, IC^ 
and Dr. Lande's well-known ^library'' dealing with sexual diseases and their ^ 
cu3?e, there is no book available in Yiddish, dealing with the problem of 
the people's health. 

Dr. A. Parlin's attempt to enlighten the Jewish masses in a short, popularly 



II B 2 d (3 ) - 2 - JBTISH 

II A 1 

I M Dally Jewish Co\irler, Feb. 13, 1922. 

written brochure about the Important problem of dental diseases and oral 
hygiene Is, therefore, a very Important and welcome contribution to Jewish 
scientific literature, from the point of view of health and from a sociol- 
ogical point of view. 



Dr. Parlln discusses the chief causes of sick teeth, of their decay, of the 
pain they cause, of the bad effects sick teeth have upon the entire body. 
He describes briefly the anatomy of the teeth, and he demonstrates, using 
illustrations, how the jxarasitic bacteria which arise and multiply in an 
unclean mouth, destroy all the elements of the teeth, including the nerves; 






In his brochure Your Teeth And Your Healthy the author expresses his opinion, 

based upon experience and observation, that although the dental profession p; 

has achieved remarkable progress in the field of curing and mending sick <J 

teeth. It has done very little to eradicate dented diseases which are ruin- zg 

Ing human health, and it has done very little to enlighten the masses in S. 

the way to avoid dental diseases. co 



CD 

ro 
en 



II B 2 d (3 ) - 3 - J2//ISH 

II A 1 

I M Daily Jewish Courier , Feb. 13, 1922* 

how they are carried by the digested food Into other healthy parts of 
the body, how they weaken and sometimes paralyze the proper functioning 
of those healthy parts of the body* The author shows many easy ways of 
taking care of the teeth, which are a very important part of the body, 
not only from an esthetic, but also from a functional, physiological 
point of view, and tells us how to guard the mouth against disease. 



The most remarkable part of the brochure is the chapter discussing the 
statistics on dental diseases, drawn up by the/jpublic7schools. These 
show, by actual figures, how the neglect of oral hygiene by school chil- 
dren affects their intellectual capabilities and their educational pro- 
gress. The author also proves that intellectually baclcward children 



TJ 



Dr. Parlin has given a great deal of attention to the pathological con- 
dition of the teeth during pregnancy, and their care^^^ring that period^. 3 
He also discusses children's teeth and their development. This is an 
Important social problem. 



o 



CO 
CD 

rv3 



en 



II B 2 d (5 ) - 4 - JE^aSH 

II A 1 

I M Daily Jewish Cotirier. Feb* 13, 1922* 

become normal as soon as their teeth are properly attended to. 

Dr. Parlin also points out the sad fact that the United States does not have 
a sufficient number of dentists for such a large population; there is only 
one dentist for every two thousand inhabitants, most of whom suffer from ^ 
dental disease and need dental treatment. ^' 



The contents of the brochure Your Teeth And Your Health are arranged system- 
atically and carefully. The language used is so simple and idiomatic that 
even an ordinary reader will understand it easily. In a way, this book may 
prove the best cure for an avera-:e person's dental trouble, because it will ^ 
convince him that the removal of tl::e causes of a sickness is of greater im- 
portance than the curing of the sickness itself. V/e hope that the work of 
Dr. Albert Parlin will gain the recognition of all Jev/ish organizations, 
particularly of Je?/ish labor unions, who are concerned with the health of 
their members. 



TO 
CD 






II B 2 d (5 ) . 5 - JEVaSH 
II A 1 

I M Dally Jewish Courier , Feb. 13, 1922* 

It Is very advisable that these unions should spread a great number of these 
useful, popularly written scientific brochures among the Jewish masses. 
They will save large sums of money paid out in sick benefits, because no ^ 
sickness prevents a worker from going to his job as often as a chronic ^ 
toothache, which robs him of his sleep, his appetite and his desire to work. ^ 

It would be still more desirable if our well-known /fest Side doctors would S 

follow the admirable example set by Dr. Parlin, and would write similar 2 

books on medicine in Yiddish for the people. This would help to remove many ^ 
of the evils of society. 



CT! 



i II B 2 4 {^) 
II D 10 



! 



JBWISB 

WPA (ILL) PROJ. 30275 
forward J\ine 7f 1921 



Introducing a new book* "In the Pogrom Days'* "by Sam Hoffman released recently 
from press in which can be found Modern songs, with beautiful melodies, 
pogrom pictures, declamations and memories of the children-years. 

« 

Its contents reflect the entire tragedy of the Jewish race, the horrible events 
of the Pogrom Says, illustrated by actual picttares, as though you would have 
lived through it yourself. %ere .can be found in book 2 an interesting portrait 
of a rabbi and shochet, of the city Lodzlnka, who lost their lives in a pogrom 
and how they were loved in the city and by countrymen of the entire world* This 
book is for the benefit of the pogrom victims* 

Published by the "Labor World" printing company 1126 Blue Island Ave# and by 
the author lUlO N* Irving Ave* 



II B 2 d (5) JEWISH 

I B 4 

Daily Jewish Courier , June 21, 1918. 

TbfO IMPORTANT BOOKS FOR INTSLLEGaSMT MEN AND WOMfaM 

by 

Haim Malitz 

(Advertisement) ^ 

Scriptures For Grod And Man — sermons and speeches for each weekly section of ^ 
the Pentateuch. A source of knowledge, wisdom, and wit, for rabbis, presidents,^ 
welfare workers, and especially for intelligent people who must or wish to ^ 
stemd before an audience and speak, and call forth recognition and admiration. ^ 



It is a book from vrhich you can le€u:n much for yoxirself and draw knowledge to 
teach others. It is a marvelous work, beautifully printed and bound. 
Price— $1.50 

The Home And The Woman — a book written specifically in the interests of family 
life, and dedicated to the women as the true martyrs that give their lives for 






II B 2 d (5) . 2 - JEV/I3H 

I B 4 

Daily Jewish Courier . June 21, 1918 • 

hximanity, and do not receive enough recognition for their work. It is a 
wonderful piece of work that should be found in every home. It comes magni- 
ficently bound. Price — $1.50 

Perpetuate your name through great works. The greatest wish of an intellegent 

person is to perpetuate his or her name through great works, so that children P 

and grandchildren may proudly point to it and say: "Here is printed my ^ 

father's or my mother's name in honor and glory." ^ 



3> 



You can now attain this perpetuity at the following place and in the following 
manner. 

These two works will be definitely completed in the press and the bindary 
about the first week in Elul ^ligust-Septembei/. And everyone that wi 11 sub- 
scribe and pay for these books during the next fifteen days in Av /July-Augus^ 
will have his or her name perpetuated. For I shall print in the books the 
names of all those subscribers who will send in their remittance before the 



o 



ro 



« • 



n B 2 d (5) - 5 - JEWISH 

I B 4 

Daily Jewish Courier > June 21, 1918. 

fifteenth day of Av. 

Whatever book you will subscribe to, in that book will you have your name ^ 
printed. If you subscribe to both books, your name will be printed in both 5 
books. rri 



Checks and money orders should be addressed to: C. Malitz, 285 Hewes Street, 
Brooklyn, New York* 



O 



CO 
CD 

^^ 
tn 



II 3 a d (3) 

II B 1 c (5) 

II B 2 c Daily Jewish Courier, Apr. 17, 1918 



JEvvISH 



I C 



f r 



.1 P.-iRT IK A Glil^BlUTIO'iNi / '■^' '■ r ■ ""l^ 



(editorial) '-^^. 

ITnen Ilr. llyinan ^^eitos, tiie printer, formulated xiis plans about five years 
ago to ,.rint a histor;/ of Jev;ish leaders and Jev;isii activities in Ciiicago, 
he had in mind a pure business unaertuking. nis calculation was that every 
civic leader v;ho ./ants to see his acconiplishr.ients for the benefit of the 
masses noted do;;n as a ..lemorial for future generatio:is, .;ould certainly en- 
courage such an enterprise, i:e also figured tnat u. .history of Jev;s of Chicago 
".;ould be of great interest to Jhica^:o Jev/s, .;ho ..ould love to possess such a 
valuable boo :• ...r, ..eites, un^^er i.o circuiistances, could, xiave foreseen that 
even before the woric .vas oronerl^,^ st .rted, thj unoertaizing .;ould out-'rov; hLa 
ooth in significance ind purpose aiid tako on a different aspect. 

This is e:::.ctly v;hat occurred noj; it xia" ened t/irough an event tiiat iiad abso- 
lutely nothini^ to do ';;itn the enterprise. 






^ 



II 13 2 d (3) 



II J 

-r -r 
I 



•J 






c CO 





3 



Daily _Jemsh Courier, Aor. 17, 11-18. 



~ , ^^A I£^ii^ 



/ 






The event is t"ie ^reat celebration v/iiic.i the ^Late of Illinois is sponsoring 
in honor o.' its century of existence as a ..;ei.ijer- state or tne united otates. 
ihe century mark vjixl be reached this week, ror Lhe last several Months 
much activity nas been Goi^i-o o^» Governor Lovjden appointed a Jentennial 
Goinmission to suDervise the preparations for the :reat holiday, lhe State 
Historical Society is also very acoive. ^elnian* this v;eeK and until the 
end of October, t .ere ..i l1 be celebrations, expositions, spectacles, pro- 






cessions, and county fairs in various parts of the ^tate in honor of the 
tury jubilee of Illinois. Also the reoresentatives and leaders of the jnany 
nationality /-rrouos/ of I].linois ..eca-ie :reatly interested in this under- 
takin.j. -.ach one of t.ie::i tries dili ;ently to present b:ifore the vjorld the 
part it ^;)layed in the uobuii-dia^, ox' t .e :reat otate of Illinois and to note 
it do^.vn everlastin-^'ly in the for': of i^rinted viord, bronze r)lanues, statues, 
etc 



n- 



;.o one o.; the Je7;s of I .linois responded, and apparently no one vjas inter- 
ested to oarticipate in the celeoration. If the cc:iinr^ centennial 



II 13 2 d (5) 
il B i c (5) 
II P 
I 



o 



-r r 

J 2j 



;is:^ 



: r 



-/ <«i c 



Daily Jewish Jourier, jior. 17, 1J18. 



celebration of Illinois ..oul.:. aave been ne :lected by tlie Jev/s, it v.ould have 
oeen a douole injustice — an injustice on the part of Jevjs and an injustice 
to JTev/s. ihe Jev/ish coM^iuniti-js in Illinois, consistin- aT:)Tiroxir.atelv of 
about 300,030 souls, v/rio :.elped na}:e i.llinois /nat it is today, not only 
deserve to be mentioned at this opportunity, but - re ooli :ed i*or the sar.e of 
Jev/ish honor to participate equally .ith ail the other nationalities repre- 
sented at the ceieoration, in order tnat the v;orld snould not t..ink that the 



Jevjsjof_j:ilinoi3 for the last three /enerauions have contributed 
as ^noty' to be v;orthv;hile raentionin.*. 



10 little 






^ 



c r h 



In the neantina, ..r. :.;eite3 continued v;ith his v;ork of ^reparin': a history 
of Jewish activities in Ohica.::^o, :Ie interested several v/ell-to-do Jev/s, 
organized a snail company, and produced rei.iarlcably clever ^'sariples' of items, 
w.iich the history of Jev/s of Jhicaco snould contain. Under the capable 
editorship of llv. Abraham a. rriedlander, several coraoositions 7;ere set up 
about Jev7S and Jev/ish activities in Illinois, and the articles have an 



/ 



II 3 a d (5) - 4 - JEV/ISH 

II 3 1 c (S) 

II 3 2 c Daily Jev/ish oourier , Aor. 17, 1918. /■ 

I C ' i" 

historical value, inainly in so far as Jewish comniunal life is concerned. 
The ^at'iered material points to the economic, political, and cultural devel- 
opment of the Jev/3 and their participation in professions, coirLfierce, and the 
education of youth. The Material also describes t:ie role played by Jevjs in 
the otate at an earlier date, as v/ell as durim-; t.ie tines of President 
Lincoln. 

So it turned out that iv.r. Leites and his company prepared unintentionally 
all the necessary t^^in.-^s vjith which the Jews of Illinois can participate 
in the centennial celebration without havin^: to be ashamed before the other 
nationalities. On the contrary, ;vhen J-overnor Lowden saw the'^samples" of 
the rlistory of JevJS of Illino is, v;nich ...r. L;eites presented to the 
Genteimial Commission, he expressed .^^reat admiration and recorn.iended the 
printing of a special parchment copy, wr.ich snould remain for the future 
generations of the State. The Irish representatives becaiae envious and 
imraediately organized a committee to issue a similar work about the Irish. 






II 5 2 d (5) - - j'e:-:jise 

II 3 1 c (3) 

II B 2 c Daily Jev/ish Courier , Apr, 17, 1918. 

I C 

Such was the laanner in v.hich tbe labors or the GhicarsO Jewish ilistori^cal 
Society fitted in the I^llinois Centennial, but cit the saj.ie tine it /the 
publicr..tion of the w'ork/ ceased to be a private enterprise, outf^rowini; 
ur. I-eites* first olans and the plans of the snail conpany v/hich he under- 
took for business' sake. 

..e do not knov; v;hat zhe financird o )eration3 of the business are. Until 
novj taere vjere possibly only ^^investments" and no nore. ..'hether there vdll 
be anv orofits in the future vje do not know, .-e are not acauainted vjith 
the financial prospects of the Chicago Jewish Iiistorical Society, .^e are 
absolutely not in-oerested in it. ^ut v;hat does interest us is tnat the 
enterprise should not be or remain a private unaertaking. 

A beautiful volume, excellently edited, nicely printed v/ith notations about 
Jev/ish State institutions, jith portraits of distin^r.uished Jev/s in the 
State for the last three generations, is the handsomest contribution vjhich 



/■,■•■ 






(■ .- . 


^ 


:• -' \ 


t 


'^ 


K ir' ! 


'« ' ' 




o/ 






./ 



I I B 2 d (5) - 6 - Jjr.^I3H 

II B 1 c (3) 

II 3 2 c . Daily Jev/ish Courie r, A-or. 17, 1918. / 

I G - " ~ (' 

the Jevis of Illinois can laake to the otate's centennial celebration, but 
only v/hen it is the enterprise of all tne Jewish people and not the under- 
taking of an individual or a sitiall company v;hich does it for business' 
sake only. 

This should be tlie enterprise of representatives of the Jev/ish coriniunities 
of Illinois and especially Ghicaf^o, v;:iere four-fifths of the entire Jev/ish 
raQple of Illinois live. 

If the undertaking is carried on as a private business, then it v/ill never 
have the character of a contribution, at the present oojortune time, \vhich 
should befit the honor of the 300,000 Jev;s in the State. 

It seems to us that Chicago's orominent Jevjs should ^et to.^etlier with the 
small company and make the necessary arrangements throu:i;h vj^iich the vvork 
v/ill represent all uhe Jev/ish People at. the Illinois Centennial Celebration. 






- J 






II B 2 d (^) 
IV 



JE.nSH 



Chicago Jewish Chronicle, August l8, 1933 • 



"J 



r- 



TH2 KALEIDOSCOPE 

Abram ^ 



Dr» S» M. llelamed is busy putting the finishing touches to Spinoza and o\ 



f^\ 



Buddha, the first of three volumes dealing with comparative nhilosoDhy, -^ 
written by the doctor, and which is being -published by the University of 
Chicago Press • It is a rare distinction for a scholar to have a university 

such as Chicago to publish a work of philosophy. .. • And we trust that 

Chicagoans will take advantage of the opoortunity to give recognition to 
one who has given of his best to this community* 



II B 2 d (3) 

III ^ 
III C 



J^Vs JjQxi 



Daily Jevjjsh Courier , Aug. 28, 1915. 



SCRIPTURS STORES R5TQLD FOR YOUNG ICTj\SL,BY DR. .^^^DEL SILBII^ 



Before us lie three volumes of biblical stories published in English -.nd 
entitled, Scripture Stori es, by Dr. IvCendel Silber. These biblical stories 
were v.ritten by Dr. Silber especially for the Jev.ish -American youth in 
order to acquaint them with the Book of Books and also to instill them v.ith 
the Jewish spirit and Jewish sentiment. 

Such books are very helpful to the j^oung Jev.lsh-American generation, -iid Dr. 
Silber has done a splendid thing by contributing these stories as a gift to 
young Jewish readers. Dr. Silber has done for young Jewish readers v.hat 
Charles and Mary Lamb did for the broad English-speaking masses by their 
popularization of Shakespeure's dramas. i-i»ior to the time of these two 
wTiters y^harles and Llary Lamjb/ Shakespeare •s dramas were little kno'^n to 
the broad masses. The intelligentsia read them, but to the broad masses 
they were a sealed book. Charles and i^iary Lamb felt the need of retelling 
Shakespeare's dr a mas to the people in a popular and simple style and their 
work w^as crowned w.ith success. Hundreds of years after Shakespeare's death, 



Uj 



•I te» '3 



II B 2 d (5) - 2 - JT?/i'EH 

III ^. 

III G Daily Jev/ish Courier, Aug;. 28, 1915. 

the Snglish-speakinr^ masses have, throur;h Charles and ..lary Laiab*s stories, 
begun to realize that so great a c^^i^^ ^^ Shakespeare lived at one time, 
and they have be£:un to f^o to the theaters to see his immortal dramas enacted 
on the stace. The critics of Gh^^rles and x^ary Lamb have richtfully desig- 
nated then as "the discoverers of V/illiam Shakespeare". 

Similar to the v;ork of Charles and Llary Lamb is the \.ork of Dr. oilber vho 
retells the biblical stories for young Israel. He discovers the Bible for 
them, and thereby awakens in them an interest in further Jewish studies. 
These retold biblical stories v;ere ivritten by Dr. L;ilber in very simple and 
attractive language, appealing to young readers. 

Since the Bible cannot be studied without commentaries. Dr. Silber sprinkles 
his narrations vjith cora.n.ents and logical morals so that the young readers may 
learn, v.hen they read these stories, Jev/ish customs and lav/s and Jev/ish tra- 
dition in general. 

The great value of Dr. Silber' s Scripture Stories lies in the fact that they 




II B 2 d (5) - 3 - JEIVISH 

III A 

III C Daily Jewish Courier > Aug* 28, 1916 • 

were v/rltten In a truly Jewish spirit and in harmony with Jewish tradition. 
Obviously there have been many popular biblical stories written for children, 
but they have been written either in the Catholic or in the Protestant spirit, 
and when the Jewish child reads the latter, they have an iniquitous influence 
upon his soul. Therefore Dr. S liber's books nov; occupy a niche among Jews 
that has hitherto been empty. The book has already been published by the New 
Orleans Jewish Ledger Publishing Company. 




II B 2 d (3) JEWISH 

Sinai Cong^^ Board of Directors^ Minutes, 2^29^16 

The School Comm« was authorized to advance the money 
needed to print Dr, Kohler^s Jewish Anthology* 



II B 2 d (3 ) 



JQYISH 



Sentinel s Vol* 15-16, V/eek of Nov. 20, 1915, ?• 17 



A new book, Leading W<»ien in Social Service « by Mrs • Oswald Stein has 
Just been published* It is a manual of private Jewish philanthropic or- 
ganizations of Chicago* A record of societies affiliated with the Asso- 
ciated Jewish Charities will be included, as well as a classified list 
of Chicago*s charitable orgeuiizations of various denominations* 

According to the author, the aim of her book is principally to enable 
those interested in social science to familicurize themselves with the 
leading institutions in private benevolence cuid to spread information 
with a view of educating the public mind* 

The author is a graduate attorney of the Chicago Kent College of Law 
and a capable writer* She has dedicated her book to Edna Bensinger 
Pish in appreciation of her services to the Jewish community of Chicago^ 









a. 



I 




(3 m 1 

II B 2 d (3) JEWIS H Vq V 

III H ^^ 

17 

Daily Jewish Courier , July 21, 1915* 

OUR OTOI ERCHANT IvL^RINE* 

A Chicago Jewish merchant, Kr^ Benjainin J» Rosenthal, of the Central Realty 
and Investment Company, has written a book, which has stirred great interest 
in Chicago business circles • The name of the book isi The Need of the Hour 
American Merchant lLarine» 

In this book, which Mr* Rosenthal published at his ovm expense and is 
distributing free of charge, the author states he is convinced of the 
necessity for America to possess her own merchant marine, and especially 
so at the present time* .Vhile the European countries are busily engaged 
in war among themselves, now is the proper time for us to build ships. 



- 2 - JE7/ISK 




Daily Jewish Courier ^ July 21, 1915 • 

From the history of American Commerce, Llr. Rosenthal proves with facts, 
that prior to the time, when ships of steel replaced v/ooden ones, the 
United States Government transported its foreign and v/orld cozamerce in 
her ov/n ships* But when ships of steel became the preference of merchants, 
due to their greater security. Uncle Sam lost out. This situation be- 
came especially acute in l856, when -England began to build big steel 
ships* At that time the steel industry in the United States was in its 
infancy, and America, therefore, was unable to undertake the building of 
a merchant marine of steel* Due to this situation the business of 
American ships suffered greatly* During the time of the Civil War and 
in the early sixties, American trade and ships was reduced by over 
27 per cent* 



- 3 - JEWISH 



Daily Jewish Couriert July 21, 1915» 

Pointing out these facts, l£r« Rosenthal claims, that it is but natural 
for history to repeat itself that while Europe is engaged in war, 
America stands a chance to win back the big prize, which the foreign 
nations wrested from her, during Civil v/ar days» If the American nation 
is not going to take advantage of the oresent situation, she may never 
have the opportunity to regain her lost commercial sea power, which she 
possessed sixty years ago* 

Our total tonnage at present is around one million, which does not include, 
according to the author, the 475*000 tons, added through the Registry 
Law, for the latter might be only temporary* England •s tonnage is 
20 million; Germany has five million, and Norway, with a population the 
same as that of Chicago, is proud to have twice the tonnage, that our 
great nation possesses • 



- 4 - JEWISH - 






Daily Jewish Courier, July 21, 1915* 

The book points out also, that from the tiire of Cleveland, to that of 
Wilson, every president has urged the nation to build her own merchant 
marine^ Kr. Rosenthal claims, that in time of war, our navy will not 
amount to much without a merchant marine. 

Mr. Rosenthal believes, that the best method to enlarge America's merchant 
marine has been brought to the attention of Congress, through a bill 
introduced by Congressman Alexander. The bill suggests a bond issue of 
30 million dollars, of which amount the United States government should 
buy 51 P©r cent and the rest to be subscribed by the citizens at large. 

The book is very interesting from the commercial standpoint and deserves 
to be read by everyone # 



% 



^1^2 i {-}) 



JEWISH 



The Reform Advocate , Vol. Uy, Wk. of May 9, I91U. p.513. 






Sajnuel Kaplan and Leon Stolz wrote the book and lyrics of "The Student 
Superior," produced by the Blackfriars of the University of Chicago, The 
music was written by Max Enelow, Lewis J» Pinks, and Earle H. Soulby. 



II B 2 d (3 ) 
II B 1 e 



JEWISH 



Mr. I. K. rriedman, author of By Bread Alone . and the Autobiography of a 
Beggar , has written a play entitled Your Uncle Sam's Money ♦ which is to 
produced this spring in Chicago. 



at:-. 









C»3 



The Sentinel > Wk. of Pehruary 27, 191^» Vols. I3-IU, p. 2. ^ 



II B 2 d (3) JEWISH ^ 

II B 1 e 



-o 



The Sentinel . Vols, 11-12, Wk, of Sept. 5, I913. p. 2 vS 

Ut. Jonah Spivak, associate editor of the Jewish Record , has made a ''^ 

dramatization of George Eliot's Daniel Deronda * Several Yiddish dramatic % 

companies are contracting for the purchase of the play, and it will he 
performed on the Jewish stage in the near future^ 

Ur« Spivak has also enriched Yiddish literature by a translation of Bacon's 
Essays , and parts of Carlyle's Hero and Hero Worship » 



/■ 



II B 8 d (3) JEWISH 

II B 2 f 

III C Daily Jewish Courier . Feb* 3, 1913. 

FROM TH3 EDITOR'S BOOK SHELF 

Of the many books (Biblical and secular) which are sent to the editorial office, 
we shall review the book entitled Children's Education Among Jews . We believe 
that the question of rearing children in America is the most vital problem to- 
day, and that it will remain a leading problem for a long time, until it is 
solved in some way* 

The environment by which we are limited is so unlike the environment in which 
our parents lived when we were children, that we have absolutely no previous 
example or precedent to follow /jhien we attempt to plan the education of our 
childre^. 

Jews, however, during the Exile period, have lived under all sorts of conditions 
and have met with all sorts of adversities. While we may be unable to find a 
precedent in the Immediate past, we are bound to find a situation in the remoter 
past which will parallel that of today, and will serve as an example for our 
generation. 






ft 

CO 

ho 



II B 2 d (3) - 2 - JEWISH 

II B 2 f 

III C Dally Jewish Courier > Feb. 3, 1913 • 

We have, therefore, read with a great deal of satisfaction the book Children^ s 

Education Among Jews > This book is an historical work which attempts, accord- ^ 

ing to the preface, to compile various excellent essays and sayings dealing 5 

with the education of Jewish children from the Babylonean Talmud, the Jerus- <=:: 

alem Talmud, rabbinical commentaries and other Jewish source books • Hie p 

author. Reverend Uoses A« Levin, is a well-known educator; a former principal ^ 

of a Talmud Torah in Montreal; and, at present, a principal of a Chicago Talmud g 

Torah* ^ 

c::> 

The author candidly states in his Hebrew preface that he had purposely written en 
his book in ^'Jargon'* (Yiddish) so that the ^'masses'* would be able to read it* 
''If only one out of a hundred, after reading my book, will regret his foolish- 
ness, devote himself, heart and soiil, to the rearing of his children, and guide 
them in God's ways, I will consider myself amply rewarded," said the author in 
the Hebrew /^retaco^. 

Mr« Levin is of the opinion that Jewish children should study "Torah" ^^^ually 
means Pentateuch; here meant to include all of human knowled^e/^* "* Torah* is 



II 3 2 d (5) - 3 - JS17ISK 

II B 2 f 

III C Daily Jewish Courior . Feb. 3, 1913. 

such a renarkable study," says I.lr. Levin, "that the pursuit of it shoulu nover 
be interrupted. It should be taught fron the cradle to the c^ave." 

lifter readinr: the bool:, one must coiio to the conclusion that a father is obli- -^5 

£*ated to teach his child ^Torah*. 'jTao father is only oblicateci to "teach" his ^ 

child; the acquisition ol' Icaov/ledr;e is another thine* ^^or throu£;l'iOut the entire C 

book there is no indication as to the iietliods eiiBloyed in ancient tines. vVlien- ^ 

ever the author does find it necessar^^ to include an e::tract on educational ^ 

o 

methods used in the past, he quotes the statement in hebrev; — "in order tiiat the ^ 
*iaasses* should not r:=ad it and draw an^" ozzaiiples frora it." p 



Throunhout the \;hole book, the eiiphasis is placed on "toaching the child 
•Torah*"; but, after finishinc the book we are still confronted with the ini- 
tial question: wliat is ^Torah*, and hov; shall it be tauGiit? .is an educator, 
lir. Levin knows that every fatlior wants iiis son to study * To rah*; the difficulty 
lies in the fact tiiat conditions haya changed so iiarkedly, tiiat i;e can not find 
today one dozen Jei/s v;ho have the sane opinion as to \7hat *Torah* is. 'Torah* 
is being taugiit at the ;;est oide Talr.iud To rah, the ohaarei Tliora Taliaud To rah, 






II B 2 d (5) - 4 - SmiSE 

II B 2 f 

III C Dally Jewish Courier^ Feb. 3, 1913# 

the Free Jewish School of the Home for the Aged, the National Radical School^ 
the Beth Sefer labanoth, etc« Should one pupil, however, transfer from one 
school to another, he will soon find out the differences In the kinds of 
*Torah* that are being taught. •••• 






TO 
CD 



CD 

ro 
en 



II B 2 d (1) 
7 A 1 



JXWISH 



Th» Beform Advocate , ¥teX. Ul.fk. of JtOy 1, I9II, PP. gyStST^. % 



-^ 






Morris Salmonson has eonpleted 29 ytars as Uarriago Llconso Clork 
of Ciook Cotuity. He had issued nearly h half-siillion marriage licenses* )kt^ 
Salmonsen is 60 years of age, and a native of Denmark. 

He is the aathor of a namber of philosophical workers. !Cbe most ^ "^ 
noteworthy of these are "Among Jews'* and "From the Marriage License Window*. 
He is alse the aathor of a three^act comedy published some years ago called 
"We Mortals" . 



c-^^ 



II B 2 d (3) 



JEWISH 
The Reform Advocate, Vol. 21, Wk* of May U, 1901, P#369# 



■■^ 



General Jewish Pobll cat ions -tj 

o 
The following is a list of Jewish publication which have appeared here: ^ 

"Israelitische Temple Gesaenge ^ymnen" by Otto Loeb, in I876; a second <^ 
edition in ISSJ. 

"D'rna - an Tilmedoo", by a Hebrew reader, Dr. B« Felsenthal, in 1826* 

"Songs of Zion**, Soinrinir of Jewish Women's Congress» Alois Kaiser and 
Eev* W# Sparger, in 1893* ^^ Habovits, Publisher* 

"Sabbath School Bfermns", I#S. Moses t 189^* 

•'Hebrew Primer", second edition, Aaron J# Messing. 

"Torath Emeth", Catechism for Instruction in Mosaic Eeligion, third edition, 
Aaron J. Messing* 

Souvenir of the • Centennial Anniversary of the birth of Sir Moses Montefiore: 
"A Hebrew Poem", H. Eliassoff, 1881^* 

Dr. Kohler's "Jewish Header" for Sabbath Schools, which appeared in 1876# 



^ 



ILJlLAJI) JEWISH 



-a 



The Reform Advocate , Wk, of March 10, 1S9U, p. 57. ^ 






C5 



By the end of thie month there will "be ready a new ••Sahbath School c^ 
Hymnal" arranged by Dr. Moses and published by Block and Co., Chicago. The ^ 
hymnal will prove a great help to superintendents and teachers of Sabbath 
schools. It contains, besides hymns for opening and closing school, a 
large number of beautiful songs of a devotional character, songs for festi- 
vals and seasons, songs of duty, six services and responsive readings, a 
flower service, a national service, harvest service aiid Chanukah service. 
In addition to all this, there is a fine selection of Hebrew responses that 
will be welcomed by many congregational choirs. 



II 3 3 d (3) 



JI-^'^ISH 



,V.^A (llL,)PH01.M7b 



Illinois Staats Zeitian.T, FeT^rxiPry 7, 1890, 



THE PHIL030P^-{Y OF A SAC-?:. 

Our thoughts often revert to the ps^e^ md revered Jewish priest, Liebmann 
adler, Chicpv^o pedagofrue, vrho recordeo his versatile experiences of a "benev- 
olent life in his book, which is nov; oublished under the title, "Z'ena Ure'na.'* 
We c?ll it "instructions, conduct, adinonitions, guide for vfomen and girls," 
but it is equally instructive to men and youths of all relir^ious beliefs. 
(Published by his own firm, Liebnenn A^^ler, 41 3« 13th Street, Chic^p-o.) 



What humanitarian wisdom, what noble sentiments pre contained in the t^-^o new 
volumes of hi<=5 ^re^^t work. "Thy brother shall be enj^bled to live beside 
thee!" How beautifully he describes the agricultural pursuits which Moses 
advocates! Wha.t useful admonitions he gives to teachers and parents] Kow 
ably he counteracts the present enervf->ting pessimism. How gladly he gives 
recognition to everything which is great and frood in our present BF.e^ end 
yet, how resolutely he rejects the fallacy, that insane belief about the 
perfect v/isdom of modern science' Hov; eloquently he admonishes us to prac- 
tice a form of reciprocal tolerance, and this despite his enthusiasm for his 
ovm religion, yet, he tells us to have respect for the thoughts and senti- 
ments of others! How convincin<=:lv he r)ersuades us to a.bide by and fulfill 
our civic duties to the Republic, without becoming political mindedi 



II 3 ^ d (3) 



- 2 ^ J^mSR 

Illinois Str^rts Zeitunf;, February 7, 1890. 



In Moses, he shows us the exanrole of this sin.^rulFr man wiio unselfishly dedi- 
cated himself to that one task, the elev tin^' of the masses. In Korah is 
the percursor of an Alexander, Cf^espr, or Ilnpoleon, £Teat men hut endowed with 
egotism, the force which broudit then to their eninence hy methods which they 
used for the continuation of their power. Trickery, faithlessness, and blood- 
shed brought them dire consequences, all similar to Korah, An end with terror. 
In choosing Dr than and Abiram fs examoles, he depicts our present curious 
attitude amon • the mediocritv. From all the chapters of the Books of Moses, 
he v^ives us convincin{- thou-^ht-provoki nr compnriscn b-sed on historical in- 
cidents anr* adds sagacious coun el. 

His mildness precluded a. thou-Tht plliance ^-^ith the reformed Jewish incendiary 
spirit of such men as David. "R^inhorn and Emil G-. Hirsch. Here also, he t-kes 
recourse to Bible parables. He does not use Heine's sarcasm. Speaking?: of 
the human nind: "Durinr antiquity only the giant nr- tural. bodies, the animal 
form, was known, but not the •-^reat'^^r titanic nr tural forces. The greatest 
admir?5tion which man evoked was the TDower of a Himrod which tears lions apart, 
slau^-^hters bears, 9n6 vanouishos the orr.ron. The forces of npture rjroduced 
fright and terror. They beloared to the demons." In our days the ancient 



U B 2 6. (3) - 3 - JirriSH 






•n'n (iiL) Pf?0j.3027^ 
Illinois Staats Zeitung , February 7, 1690. 

bard T7culd select other er^anples for the glorification of man* He ^vo^ild 
exclaim: "He ma.kes the wind to be his servant; he hitches him to his sail; 
he enslaves the fire to perform ten-thousand tasks; his eyes, enlar^-ed, pene- 
trate myriads of miles, see e>n6 analyze the sun; his mand measures the star's 
course and wei-^h its bocy. He compels its rs^-^s to draw a permanent -nicture 
of anythin-: he exposes to its li^ht. He discovered the natural force which 
remained hidden for eons ajid terrorized the earth with its manifestations of 
licThtr.in^ ajid thunder, and utilizes it no^^ to transmit his messa.?:es with a 
speed alcin to thouf^ht. He maJces mountains jump f>nd rocks to burst asunder* 
He builds comi*ortable roads throup-h eternal hills that reach into the clouds* 
Before hir:i, the sea. and rivers flow baclcrrards* He compels a union of fire 
and water to carry a load of a thousand camels over preci^dce and across 
canyons from one land to another na.tion, £Lnd. doe? it with the speed, of wind. 
How the tilery of !Iimrod, Hercules, and Sampson fadesl The strength of sinews 
ajid bon'^^s, - how can it compare with the developed mentality of mankind of 
the present century, which m^.de the forces of nature available and service- 
able!" 



II B 2 d (3) 



JET.VISH 



Jev/ish Advance, liovenber 8, 1878 



T)-". 



27 



Mirages 
- Henri Gersoni 



This is the title cf a ncvel description cf iUierioaii Jewish Life, which 
vri. II tefcin with the second vclune cf the Jev:ish Advance* These v/ho are interested 
in the st^/'le cf the anther cf ''The Kaleidoscope^ , "The Thour;hts ^: Fancies'', 
"The Diary cf a Superfluous Ilan", etc., etc., and nay desire to see the Fata 
I.Ior2;3-na which the some author has created for them, will please send in t'lieir 
subscrinticns. 




r* «-« 



i-*' 




II. COHTRIHITICNS 
AND ACTIVITIES 

B, Avocational and Intellectual 
2. Intellectual 

e* Radio Programs and Cinema 



1(5 ■*« 



^'^ 




■:* 



J: 



II B 2 e 



JEWI SH 



II A 3 1) 

»' ''' (ILL) ; n. j .^b2/6 
Forward, September 3f 19^^1» 

Barbies Loop Tlierter - Monroe and Dearborn Stf^. 

Stortin/^ tomorrow, September Uth - The ^rertest Jewish actor 

Rudolnh Shildkraut 

One of the most beautiful photonlnys of this century. A drama, in (^ scenes, 
of the sufferings rJid endervors of the Jewish people of all times. 

The Wanderin^^ Jew - or The Life of Doctor Theodore Hergel 

A beautiful prolo^e with scenes of Jewish histoiy. The famous Jewish violin- 
ist, Alexander Cominslri, and the well knovn lyric soprpno, Delia Bninswicl', will 
sin^ Jewish folk-sonjP:s. Come with your frinily to see this frmous m.ovinj^ 
nicture. 



II B 2 e 



JE7/ISK 



yi?A(llU''AuJ 3u27b 



Forward, September 3, 1921. 

Crche3tr& Hall, Michigei: nea:' Adams St. 

Beginriing Sunday, George Arliss, the en inent character actor in 

Disraeli 

Distaeli was one of the greatest Jewish heroes in history - and every man, 
women, and child of Jewish faith rT:-ust see this picture. 

All seats 50^, plus war tax. 



II B 2 e 



J27/I3H 



^rph :m ) y^pr): -.fyj-f^ 



III B ^ 

Forward, Mar> 8, 1921. 

PALESTINE -. THS FIRST TEvE IIT .JffiRiCA 

(Advertisement) 

Moving Picture of Liberated Palestine in 5 reels will be shown Wednesday 
evening, I^larch 9th, at eight PM at the Oakland Auditorium, Ashland Boulevard 
and Van Bur en Street. 






».- 



's . :■- 



II B 2 e 



JS:7ISH 



Forward, March. 6, 1321 



Gold Tlieatre 



WAOLUf^OJ-^U^^^ 



Jews have seen Jevrish weddirigs and gentile weddings, tut they l:ave 
never seen a Chinese wedding* They have that opportunity now at the Gold 
Theatre, 5U1I W. Roosevelt Soad, where the Great aoring picture, "Wing 
Tol", is oeir^ shown, in addition to the regular Gold program. 



II B 2 e JEltflSH 

II A 2 

Dally Jewish Courier , June 19, 1918. 

HJSSIA'S CRIME AGAINST JEIVISE WOLMf 
A, H. '.food's Great Dramatic Sensation 

( Advert i sement ) 

The drama, "The Yellow Ticket, starring Fannie Ward, is being presented for 
the first time as a movie. It will be shown today, tomorrow, and Friday, 
matinee and evening. There will be music by our great s:7mphony orchestra 
in Chicago's most beautiful theater, the Central Park Theater at Twelfth 
Street near Central Park Avenue. 




;VISH 




II 3 S 9 
I 3 3 b 

III C 
I H 
I C 

Daily Jev;irh Courier . ?eb, 9, 1914, 

LIOVING ?ICTURi5 FOR JZA'ISH CIIILDR2N 

(Editorial) 

From th9 annual report of a Jevdsh women *s council in Nev; York, v/a learn that 
they present interesting Jewish biblical moving pictures to the children every 
Sunday afternoon. Last year these pictures 7;ere presented regularly in the 
Fulton Theatre. 

This project, sponsored by Jewish v/omen in Nevj York for the past few years, 
deserves our felicitations. It is through these activities that these xvomen 
give the Jewish children an opportunity to acquire a deeper knowledge of Jewish 




II B 2 e - 2 - JSy/ISH 
I B 3 b 

III C 
I H 
I C 

Dally Jewish Courier , Feb. 9, 1914. 

history, to which they now devote merely a fev; hours per week. By attending 
these movies, small children are drav/n closer to biblical times and are 
carried away by their fantasy into Jev;ish spheres. 

Particularly is this important here in America, where the Jewish child attends 
the public schools, imbibing more or less glorious conceptions of Christian 
legends. Thus the biblical moving picture idea is a remedial measure to 
bring sentiments of the child in relation with Jev/ish legends. 

The most significant feature of thase moving pictures is that they prevent the 
child from attending the regular r.oving picture houses, which are poisonous 



II B. 2 e 


I B 3 b 


III C 


I H 


I C 



- 3 - JEiriSH 




Daily Jewish Courier, Feb, 9, 1914* 

to his body and soul. As we know, these places are constantly overcrowded, and 
unsanitary. Sitting in such places, where there is a heterogeneous crowd the 
child is apt to fall a victim to a disease. These moving picture places are 
far more injurious to the child's mind than to his body. By going to the 
movies, a three-year old child, v;ho can hardly talk, becomes familiar with 
v7ords such as ^'boinb,'* and "shoot,'* words which fill him with noxious illusions. 
And it is a long established fact that children's crimes have a great deal to 
do with what they see in the movies. It is a scientific fact that children, 
are strongly impressed by the things they come in contact with. They ape 
everything they see, and if they witness a picture in which murder is "committed 
before their eyes," it arouses their passion to do likev/ise. 

If, however, good Jev;ish biblical pictures are shown to the children, like the 



II B 2 e - 4 - JK'iISH 
I B S b 

III C 

I H 

I C 

Daily Jewish Courier , Feb, 9, 1914, 

one in vjhich Moses emancipates the Israelites from Ssyptian bondage and 
leads them to the Proisiised Land, they v;ill lainic them. 

There is still another injurious feature about the raoving pictures. In 
Chicago, in some Jewish districts, pictures are shown vjhich expose the Jew 
in a libelous manner. This impresses the youth to look upon their parents 
as objects for derision* 

It is therefore of the utmost importance that v/e establish special, well- 
ventilated, and roomy places in Chicago, v;here biblical films may be shown 
to Jewish children. 




'^• 



\ 

II B 2 e JEinSH ^: 

Revyen, Dec, 27, 1913. 

DAITISH FIIl^ ON NORTH AVEtJIJE 

-Mr* Noel, ovmer of Queea Theatre, 2543 North Avenue, has had the bright 
idea of importing films from Ole Olsen's Film Company in Copenhagen, which 
are being enjoyed by a great many Danes every Monday afternoon and evening. 
It is a genuine pleasure to sit in the theatre and recognize buildings, streets, 
and landscapes, and see some of the foremost Danish exponents of this new ari. 
Most of the films are of excellent quality, technically as well as artistically* 

Next Monday **Bonds of Passion** will be presented, and the follov/ing week a 
.picture will be shovm v/ith I^s. Betty Nansen, the Sarah Bernliardt of Scandi- 
navia, in the leading role. 



1 1 





• * I' 




i 



II. CONTRIBUTIONS 
AND ACTIVITIES 

B. Avocational and Intellectual 
2m Intellectual 

f . Special Schools and Classes 



. >. 






IM', 



jHiSe^ia .; ; ■■■,-t y^ 



f <*'' 



i^' 



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■#. ,,. ■ ■^■. *«» 







^ 

^ 






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- -■)« 






■''^^;. &.- 



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"^^■:'i 



- 2 - mnsR 

Forward . Jan. 19, 1932. 

Every Saturday afternoon a reading is given by the older children. They 
read the works of Peretz, Sholom Alechem and Raisin, 

Comrade Carson also explained that this year has seen more life and in- 
tensity by the Parents' Association, thanks to the activities and loyalty 
of Comrades Seidel, Neier, and Simkin. 

The average of monthly tuitions paid last year was ^160, but this year 
the average reached the sum of §185 a month* 

Various cultural work is done in and around the school, and classes are 
being conducted as usual. 

Comrade Kaplan, teacher of the Douglas Park Viforkmen's Circle School, re- 
ported that the school now has 110 children, who are divided into six 
classes. All possess the proper knowledge, according to their division /^ 
in the classes: He also has nine pupils who graduated from the school, /q 
and whom he is now instructing in social questions and problems. At vf 



II B 2 f 

III E 

Forward, Jan. 19, 1932. 



JE^TISH 



V;ORKLiEN»S CIRCLE SCHOOL DIRECTORS HSiiR INTERESTING REPORT OF THE 

SCHOOLS IN CHICAGO 

Comrade S. Holland, chairman of the Central School Committee, opened the 
meeting, declaring that last week the term of the V/orkmen*s Circle Schools 
in Chicago ended. On this occasion it was of interest to listen to re- 
ports by teachers and principals. 

Comrade Carson, teacher at the Northwest side school, reported as follows: 

The school has 130 children, and is divided into six classes, from first 
grade to graduating class. ^ group of children will graduate on the 15th 
of February. To honor this occasion a special performance is to be present- 
ed. On that evening tv/enty-five pupils from all the Workmen* s Circle Schools 
will graduate, whence they will enter the Workmen's Circle High School. The 
school also has a youth club, which meets every Sunday afternoon. The children 
are preparing essays for an album, which will appear at the graduation concert 



mi ? 



o 



- 2 - J5V/ISH 

Forward, Jan, 19, 1932. 

Every Saturday afternoon a reading is given by the older children. They 
read the v/orks of Peretz, Sholom Alechem and Raisin. 

Comrade Carson also explained that this year has seen more life and in- 
tensity by the Parents' Association, thanks to the activities and loyalty 
of Comrades Seidel, Neier, and Simkin. 

The average of monthly tuitions paid last year was $160, but this year 
the average reached the sum of $186 a month. 

Various cultural work is done in and around the school, and classes are 
being conducted as usual. 

Comrade Kaplan, teacher of the Douglas Park Viforkmen's Circle School, re- 
ported that the school now has 110 children, who are divided into six 
classes. All possess the proper knowledge, according to their division 
in the classes: He also has nine pupils who graduated from the school, 
and whom he is now instructing in social questions and problems. At 




- 3 - 



JEV;iSH 



Forward > Jan. 19, 1932. 

the high school, he teaches twice a week, Sunday afternoon and Wednesday 
evenings 

The total monthly tuition amounts to $150. Last year it amounted to 
$170 per month. 

Comrade V/aldman, teacher of the Crawford School, which opened recently, 
reported that there are ninety children in the school: 55?o are boys, 
and 45;^, girls, between the ages of six and twelve. Half of the parents 
are members of the Workmen's Circle. Entertainment was provided for 
young and old when the school was opened. Tuition in the amount of #130 
has been received so far. 



The school, though recently opened, stands a good chance to double the 
number of its pupils in the very near future. 

Comrade Waldman also declared that Chicago in general and the Crawford 




. 4 • JEWISH 

Forward , Jan. 19, 1932. 

neighborhood in particular is badly in need of a kindergarden school. 

Comrade Barsley, teacher of two schools, in Albany Park and South Chicago, 
reports that the work is very satisfactory. The South Chicago School is 
in existence now over five years. 

Upon the request of the parents of the Albany Park School, the latter was 
converted into a daily school. 

The meeting was brought to an end, and the school directors were enthusiastic 
over the excellent work of the teachers and principals, as shown in their reports. 




JEWISH 




II B 2 f 
I B 3 b 

III A 
III 3 

Jewish Forward, Mar. 14, 1931* 

JirnSH EDUCATION IN AKERIGA. 

We are not merely concerned with our children's langusige. We are interested 
in the language and culture among which we immigrants were brought up 
in this country as well as in the old. 

True, language serves as a means of communication, yet, this is a very 
simple and primitive concept ion* •••The iB?)rovement , enrichment, and 
beautifying of language is a necessity that comes with the development of 
mankind* 

The sole power to bring immigrants and their children to a more intimate 
understanding is the Yiddish as spoken by the parents, not the pedantic 
Yiddish as it is taught in the Jewish schools, which is strange, not 
onJ.y to the American child but to the parents as well* 



- 2 - J57/ISH 




Jewish Forward > Mar. 14, 1931* 

What is ••the familiar mother tongue* that was spoken in Wilna or in 
Minsk thirty or forty years ago? Can a language be kept dormant, 
without going through modification? Can one recognize, as the correct 
Russian, the language spoken by primitive farmers dwelling in remote villages? 
And is the language used by more intelligent classes, or that of Tolstoy, 
Pushkin, Dostoevski, Turgenev and other great writers not the language 
of the Russians? Would it be justifiable to say that the best English 
spoken in America was at the time of George Washington? 

The same may be true with the Yiddish language. There was a time when 
Yiddish was spoken only by the uneducated masses* They read very little 
because very little was written in that language • 



- 3 - JF^ISH 




Jewish Forward t liar. 14, 1931* 

Tiddish consisted of a limited number of words, that served only as 
a medium to carry on a simple conversation* 

This dark period has long since passed* A group of Jewish writers such 
as Ueindele Mocher Sfurim, Sholom Aleichem, Sholom Ash, Peretz and others, 
writers of non-fiction, literature, and daily newspapers, not only im- 
proved our vocabulary but enriched and beautified it* Even the average 
person who had not read the above-mentioned authors, was indirectly 
influenced by those who read their works and his vocabulary became 
more extensive* 

In other words, Yiddish is not any longer the language in which our grand' 
mothers carried on their conversations 40 or 50 years ago* 



- 4 - J EWISH /x 



n 






Jewish Forward t Mar. 14, 1931* 

When I read Comrade Cohan's article in the issue of Mar. 7> I was 
astonished at how little he knows about the Yiddish studies taught in 
our schools. He probably received his information about our schools 
from anecdotes written by our opponents. 

I have had occasion to visit these schools frequently, but I have not 
noticed that the teachers insist on the use of 100 per cent pure Yiddish 
in place of English words that have crept into the language and become 
part of it. 

We do have some teachers in our school system who are pure Yiddishists, 
but even they are not overdoing it. 



- 5 • JEWISH 




Jewish Forward , Liar. 14, 1931 • 

Social and school workers like to have some fun and so they exaggerate 
all this and have built up anecdotes at the expense of the teachers • But 
if you think these stories have anything to do with our schools or 
reflect its spirit you are grossly mistaken* 

In the Workmen's Circle schools, we teach the language of Reizen, of Ash, 
Sholom Aleichem, etc* We are conducting a school movement among our 
children in this country, not because we are convinced that we will 
be able to force upon them the Jewish language - we don't want our 
children to give up English as their daily tongue and to talk only 
Yiddish* 

There are many Jewish homes where Yiddish is ridiculed by the youth* That 
is because we have never tried to teach our children to love and respect 
their parents* language and culture* 



- 6 - • JEWISH 




Jewish Forward t Mar. 14, l^"^!. 

I am not sure that the children who attend the universal Jewish schools, 
the Sholom Aleichem public schools, or the ¥orkinen*s Circle schools will 
be able to learn to talk their parents* tongue fluently* 

But I am convinced that they respect the literature, language, and 
culture of their parents* In this respect our schools are accomplishing 
a great thing, which plays an importemt role in the relationship between 
immigrants and their children. 

liTm^ Cohan made the accusation that we are forcing our children to attend 
these schools. If this argument is valid, then the laws of the country 
could not make us send children to public schools at theoge of six. 



- 7 - JEWISH 




f ^^ \ ■ : I Ox 



\'^. 



J ewish Forward t Mar. 14, 1931 • 

He must realize that perpetual struggle between mothers and children 
who must be forced to stay home and prepare home work* The majority of 
students attending our 7/orkmen's Circle schools take a profound interest 
in their studies* Since a universal school inovement started in America, 
the Hebrew schools have added Tiddish to their program* Many Hebrew 
schools are even using the same text books that we use* These schools 
had only one task before, to teach the child to recite the prayers of mourn- 
ing and the confirmation speech* That was expected of the teacher and 
the child* 

They taught the children in the dormant Hebrew language* Since times 
have cheinged they have introduced the once forbidden Yiddish language 
aa a major subject in their curricula ^^ 



- 8 - JEWISH 

7 







Jewish Forward , liar. 14, 1931. 

In his articles and talks, Mr* Cohan mentions the fact that "We Must 
Americanize Ourselves. •• What does he mean by the word "Americanize?** 
When our children attend a V/orkmen's Circle school are they not Americanized? 
And lAien they loiter near a candy store and hum popular jazz songs are 
they then Americanized? 

We do not have to worry about the Americanization of our children* »7e 
often think that our children are too much Americanized *- that the cheapest 
element of American life is adopted more readily by Jewish immigrant 
children than by the descendsmts of the Mayflower* 

In our schools we are also Americanizing the children* *ie teach them to 
love the America of Debs and Lincoln <- the America of idealism* 



- 9 - JB-.VISH 



flu 






x^V 



Jewish Forward , Kar. 14, 1931» 

fe orgemized the Workmen's Circle Youth Leagues • The largest number of 
children in the Young Circle League are graduates of the //orkmen's 
Circle schools, and are considered the cream of the crop* 

This league, not long ago, had a conference and Mr. Cohan was the guest 
speaker^ They greeted him with a familiar Jewish tune, and he was sur- 
prised to learn that this youth knows and understands Yiddish* 

There are homes in which parents try to speak an awkward English. Their 
children are ashamed of their parents, and in many cases despise them for 
not being able to express their thoughts properly. However, the same 
children behave differently when Papa or Mama talks to them in Yiddish* 
No doubt American children have more respect for their parents when they 
speak good Jewish than when they speak in broken English* 



- 10 - j&nsH 






Jewish Forward , Mar. 14, 1931 • 

We Yiddishlsts have another good reason for teaching our children Yiddish. 
ITe want the Yiddish language to continue to grow and become enriched and 
beautified to the greatest extent • 

We cannot take it nonchalantly, for if we sit and wait and hope, very 
soon we will cease to exist altogether. .... The Forward and Mr. Cohan, as 
its editor, have helped considerably in the development of the Jewish 
Isunguage, literature, and Jewish text books in America. 

On the other hand the Forward was a big handicap in the life of the 
immigrants, as it held us back from becoming Americanized* 

Then why should we fight the i/orkmen^s Circle schools and not the Jewish 
press? 



- 11 - JE'fflSH 




^-, 



Jewish Forward , L'ar> 14, 1931 • 

In our school system at present, we have from 8,000 to 9fOOO people who 
are sacrificing their lives for a worthwhile cause. These are the 
mora intelligent classes of people* They read newspapers and books 
in Yiddish as well as in English. They lead a higher sort of spiritual 
life. They adhere to ideals. Our labor lyceums and our school centers 
are filled with such idealists* 

These people feel hurt when one criticises their work without having 
much knowledge in this matter. Some people are not bothering to 
become familiar with the topic. Theories are created from jokes and 
anecdotes^ I agree with Comrade Cohan, that the question of Yiddish edu- 
cation should not be treated lightly. Ub Yiddishists have discussed 
it in newspapers and magazines from all sides and angles. 



- 12 - JEWISH 




Jewish forward . Mar, 14, 1931 • 

The socialist movement here in America has built, for the Yiddish children, 
Sunday schools which have decayed because neither the parents nor the 
children were enthusiastic about them. V/ith the ^Vorkmen's Circle schools 
it is quite the opposite* The children who are attending these schools 
are intelligent* They gain a much wider knowledge and are able to com- 
prehend more readily in the English schools* Here we teach them the history 
of the Jews, the history of their parents* struggles in Europe and also 
in America* 

These parents are the builders smd founders of our modern school system 
in America**** 






II B 2 f j£r:iSH 

The Reform ^-^dvocatet January 10, 1931. ^ 

"^ 

ZICuISTS ANNOUNCE INTEI ESTING CCURlE ON ZIONISM ^ 

A course of lectures has been arranged by the Chicago l^ionist Org^inization, 
Senior and Junior Hadassah, and, Avukah, under the auspices of the College 
of Je.iish Studies. 

The course will be .ivided into thre cycles. The first cycle dealing v/ith 
the history of ^ionismj the second vdth the theory of Zionismj and the 
third vdth Palestine. The program is as follows: 

CYCLE !• History of Zionism, January 22, - The awakening of Jevdsh 

National Consciousness - Dr« Leo L. Honor. January 22, 
Zionist xi.ctivity Prior to the Balfour Declaration - Dr. 
Felix A. Levi. February S% Zionism since the Balfour 
ijeclaration - Dr. A. L. Sachar* 



— t 



15^ 



II B 2 f 



- 2 - 



JK'.'ISH 



-c 



'he Reform Advocate , January 10, 1931* 



CYCLE 2. 



e 






CYCLE 3 



Theories of Z^ionism - February 12 - Political Cultural and ':^, 
Economic Zionism - Rabbi Llax Kadushin* February 19 - Philo- '^ 
sophic and Religious aspects of l-ionism« Dr. Ivleyer Vfaxman. 
February 26, - The Philosophy and program of the Labor 
Factions - Dr* Eliezer Rieger» 

Palestine - Larch 5, The Land of its possibilities - Dr. 
Alexander K. Dushkin. March 12 - Jev/s and .vrabs, Dr. Eliezer 
Rieger. Larch 19 - The Mandatory power and the League of 
Nations - Dr. V/illiam Halperin - March 26, Jev.lsh achieve- 
ments in Palestine, Rabbi Solomon Goldman. 

The first lecture v/ill tuke place on Thursday, January 22, at 8:15 p.m. at 
the Covenant Club, 10 N. Dearborn Street. People may enroll for the entire 
course $2.00, or for any one cycle $1.00, or for a single lecture %.3^. 
Tickets may be purchased at the office of the College of Jev/ish Studies, 
30 N. Dearborn otreet, Randolph l824f or at the office of the Zionist organi- 
zation and Hadassah Club Rooms^ 



II B 2 f 



JStVI SH 



Chicr.go Hebrevy Instit-ute Observe r, Deember 5, 1529* 
JEWISH BOARj; 0? ii^DUGATIOi; OmAlJZib SXTHlIfSIOK KIOH SCEOOL AT INSTITUTE. 



:5^ 









The cooperrtlon betv^een the Jewish Peor^le's Institute end the Jewish Board 4 
of Education hps resulted in the establishment of yet pjnother Jewish educa- 3 
tional problem r.t the Institute, in the form of ?n e3!:tension Hi^h Scho -1 
which will meet every I.^ondpy ?nd V/ednesdry everjin^s in the Shelley pnd 
Browning rooms. The purpose of this new school will be to sur)-olement the 
Jewish knowledge of the high school boy ?nd girl who h?^s brought to e. hr.lt 
the Jewish training of his youth. Under c?.ppble, ^--ell-trpined ter.chers, 
the following subjects will be taught: Jewish Eistor?,^, from the earliest 
to modern times; Jewish Literature in a gener??l survey; Modem Jewish Life; 
end Hebrew, These four courses together comnrise a Jewish bf^ckground that 
will serve every Jewish boy rnd girl in whatever Jevdsh situation he may 
find himself. 



II B 2 f 



JEWISH 



The Chicago Jewish Chronicle^ Volume 13 • 'Vk. of October 25, 1929, p. !• 

On November 3f the Hebrev;- Theological ^olle^^e will lay the coner stone of 
its new library, which will be erected to the north of the present building 
at Dougl'^3 31vd <Sc St. Louis Avenue. The building will cost over $200, DOG* 
It will house one of the finest collections of Judaica and Kebraica in the 
country. 

The new building will also furnish needed classroom space for the pre- 
paratory and elementary classes of the college. 






V — -• 



.% 



IIB 2 f JSIYISH 

Chicago Hebrew Institute Observer, Octoler 24,1929* 



r. 



Herzliah Hebrew School Graduates 25 Students^ r 



The Herzliah Hebrew school graduation exercises for the year were held at o 
the Institute Theater last Sunday Eveningt October, 27# The proceedings .^, 
were all held in Hebrew. The children all contributing equally intheir parts '^^ 
in that language together with their teachers and principal, Mr» Morris Lie- 
bman» 

Twenty-five children were graduated on this occasion and will now continue 
with their work at the Central Hebrew High School. The large audience of 
parents and friends were highly elated with the fine proH;r8in presented on this 
occasion and to the children, of course, it is bound to represent a milestone 
in their careers* 



II 1 2 £* 



jr'-I'.F 



?he C'.unduy Je.vish Courier, ?ebruary 3» 19^3 












■1 ..livwLC^.jr I 



Lovers of the Habro.v lun^,aB'',e ./ill "be >^Iad to le-.m, that the Colle^^e of 
Jewish Stucles hus arr.nroG for u cour^^e of It^cturos iii ':ocial ^'sycliolo-y 
to be o^ve-r in Hebrew. The lecturer, Tr. i^.. 3. aldstoin, has just ccmplctcd 
v.-ork on that subject and v.ill devote his first series of four 1 -Ctures to 



rx 

1>C 



the elements of this science 



Thes:^ 'lectures v/ill be ;j,iven at the Jewish ieopl^^'s Institute, 3500 '^'ouglas 
Boulevard, on Londay evenings. ^2bx^ first lecture is to be yven I.!ondM.y, 
Pcbru'-ry 20th, anc th^.- others .;ill follov; on the three subsequent '.londays. 
A fee of vl.OO oayt^ble in advance, v;ill be charr.ed for the entire series. 
Registration is oo^n nov; ut th*- College of Jewish .studies, 13 ::el('en 't., 
or at the Je./ish People's Institute* 



TT 



XX *■' 






- 2 - 



jr]""i'H 



The Cunday Jev/iv-^>K Courier , February ^j^ 19-^« 



Pecently S'^.-veral efforts have been m*-.^de to or?^ nize the v.riouo iuburofit^d 
in proHiotinr; tho: Hebrov/ laar^uu^e and culture* "^he Colle^p i^ uoliv^ its chare 
bv tr'^ininc tiboat one hundred auuits in the lui:."UM;:e an^^- liter, wuro of oar 
3eojlc» It i.'- expected, that this ne.v ut^empt t\t offerin[_, courses of Gocul-r 
interest in Ilehrew, v.ill at.truct p11 tli'; lover of our ancit-nt ton^uo, and 
thus helo jtrc. ti, the/, the activities of the vi.riouL. Hebrew irpeakin\ t^luhti. 



The ex^iot to .'ic 



v^n 



firbt four 1-ctures will he v.nnoaiio- shortly^ 



II B 2 f 



JS;7ISH ^ 



^ 



The Daily Jewish Gouri er^ September 15, 192? • 
UNIVERSITY R3GISTR TIOM IN IiE3R:i:i7 AInID JEJISH COURSES OPEN '^ 



The University of Chicago is now acceptinf? registrants for fourteen courses 
being given during the coming year in Hebrew and Jewish fields, - Contem- 
porary Jewish Problems; Jewish Folkways and Institutions; Intermediate and 
Elementary Hebrew; the Jewish Diaspora; Hebrew and Jewish History; Biblical 
Literature; Methods of Teaching in Jewish Religious Schools, and Problems 
in American Jewish Education, among other subjects. 

These courses are being given at the University College in the Lake View 
Building and also on the campus. The orofessors presenting them are all 
members of the faculty of the College of Jewish Studies. Doctors Alexander 
Dushkin, Isadore Keyfitz and Abraham J. Levy and S. Golub. This reflects 
high credit upon the Board of Jewish Education, which has chosen for Chicago 
the best teachers obtainable. The Autumn Quarter at the University begins' 
October 1» 



'\ 



II B 2 f 



JETISH 



Courier . August 28, 1927. ^ 



HEBREW TliEOLOGICAL COLL"^C-E TO ORDAIN RABr^S. 'r- 

On August 27, 1927, the second graduation exercises of the Rabbinical Depart- ■• 
ment of the Hebrew Theological College of Chicego will take place. The occa- 
sion is auspicious for the entire Midclewest as it indicates that the Hebrew 
Theological College is rapidly becoming a vital source of traditional Judaism, 
and it is already firmly established as the Torah Center of the V^est. It is 
an indication that the Hebrew Theolog^ical College is continuing to bear fruit 
and supplies the communities of the Central and Western parts of the United 
States with capable spiritual leaders, men who can carry the message of the 
Torah to the American Jew. 

With this graduation traditional Judaism will be enriched with an infusion of 
new strength and fresh spirit, and added impetus will be given to the move- 
ment of bringing the Jewish^ youth back to the traditional hold. The graduation 
will take place at the Anshe Sholom Congregation, Independence Blvd. and Polk 
St. 

There are nine candidates for the Rabbinical Degree, including P. J. Bender, 
Gerstein, Meisel, H. Miller, Notis, M. Rissman, H. Shambam, H. Shapiro, and 



II B S f - 2 -' JETTI, 



"v.- 



Cour ier, Au,^st 28, 1927. :./ ^ 



D. Winchester. 



All of them are American young men and have attended American colleges* They 
have all received an adequate training to enable them to fulfill efficiently 
their duties in the respective communities to whose leadership they shall he 
called^ The graduation is especially significant in that it "betokens the 
rise of an American-trained Hahhinate. It shows that American traditional 
Jewry has become self-supporting^ that it can create its own leaders end is 
no longer dependent on foreign centers of Torah. Moreover, it indicates that 
traditional Judaism is again coming into its own and that it shall surely tri- 
umph in the near future. All traditionally-minded Jews will certainly per- 
ceive in the forth-coming graduation a symbol of the religious revival that 
is taking olace in American traditional Jewry, and a symbol of the healthy 
growth and spread of traditional Judaism that is one of the miracles of our 
time* 









\ 



/ 






II B 2 f JSWISH % 

Chica-go Hetrew Institute Olpserver , Dec. 21, I926. 
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO INSTITUTES CCUH3ES IK JEIVISH EDUCATIOIT. 

The university college of the University of Chicpgo in coor>erption with 
the College of Jewish Studies has instituted a series of courses in Jew- 
ish education. These courses are designed primarily for those who are to 
teach in Jewish religious schools and who engage in social service. Regis- 
tration of students for the l?7inter quarter will "be OT)en until December 3I, 
1926, and further details may he obtained hy application at the university 
college office or at the office of the College of Jewish Studies, IBOO Sel- 
den street. 






-^. 






II B 2 f javasH ^ 

The Reform Advocate . Volume 72; V/eek of December 18* 1926 Page 643, £, 

Beginning with the winter quarter, the University of Chicego will institute £ 
a series of courses in Jewish Education at the request of the College of Jew-^>i 
ish Studies* 






These courses will be open to all qualified students, but they are designed 
prim'^rily for those who are to teach in Jewish religious schools and who 
intend to engage in social service* Most of the courses will be conducted 
i"n the evening on the University Campus and at the downtown quarters of the 
University College* 

The faculty is appointed from the teaching staff of the College of Jewish 

Studies* Included in the curriculum are:- Biblical History and Literature, 

Modern Hebrew, Methods of Teaching in Jewish Religious Schools, and Jewish • 
PolkwQvs and Institutions* 



II B 2 f 
I A 1 a 

ChioagQ Hebrewr Institute Obsenrer * Uay 11* 1926* 



JWIW. 






.^^ 

V 



An outline of the oourses to be inoluded in the department of oultural 
studies is hereirith presented: 

Literature* Course in the history of English literature from the early 
beginning through the ElizabethflUi Age* This oourse will inolude parti- 
oularly a study of Chauoer and SicUcespeare; sixty sessions* 

History of English literature* from the Puritan Age to the Modern Period* 
Speoial emphasis on the study of Byron* Keats t Shelley* and the oontem* 
porary drcu&atists; sixty sessions* 

Contemporary literature* A speoial oourse of leotures* disoussions and 
readings in oontemporary literature* English and ilmerioan works will be 
the basis, with some attention to the continental schools* The background 
of our contemporary writers and their works will be emphasized* Poetry, 
fiction, drcuna, and art will feature the calendar of the course in con- 
temporary literature* Class sessions weekly on Sunday evenings; twenty 
sessions* 



^<5 

"3 






•2 



II B 2 f - 2 - JWISS, 

I A 1 a ^: 

Chioago Hebrew Institute Observer # Bfay lit 1926# - 

French !• Course in elementary Frenoh is being offered under the in* ^ 
struotion of one who has studied and traveled in Franoe; sixty sessions* 

Soienoe* The Essentials of Ifodem Physios I« A study of the elements of 
the soienoe of physios* Discusses the why and wherefore of meohaniost 
foroOf motiont maohinest heatt etc*; sixty sessions of double periodst 
including individual work in the laboratory* 

Principles of Chemistry I* Study of the eleaients in nature coid of the 
human body; the action of the air; gases and their measurementSt the 
composition of watert the atomic euid molecular theoriest the composition 
of various chemicals t etc* Sixty sessions of double periods • individual 
work in the laboratory* 

Botcuiy I« S|.udy of the origin of plant life, veurious forms of plant life* 
Study of specimens of plants and flowers* Weekly field trip to Forest 
Preserves, Botanical Gardenst etc*; eighty-four sessions* 



II B 2 f - 3 - JEltflSa 

I A 1 a 

Chloago Hebrew Inatltute Observer. May 11« 1926. 

4 

Physiology !• A study of the struoture of the human bodyt Its funotionst 
ctnd the prinoiples of hygiene in the home eind the oommunity; sixty sessions* 

The History of Greek Civilization* The anoient East and its oivilizations; 
art» literature* philosophy and oulture of fluioient Greeoe; sixty sessions* 

The History of Uedieyal Times !• A study of the deoline of the Roman 
Ekapire* the rise of the Papaoyt oonfliot betireen ohuroh emd state* Feudal* 
isn^ the Renaissanoet the Protestant Reformation* the Rise of New Powers; 
sixty sessions* 

The History of Ifoderb Times II* Wars and revolutions * the rise of modern 
states, the break-»up of feudal institutions, the Age of Soienee and Dis- 
oovery, the Prenoh Revolution, the Napoleonio Era, the Industrial Revolu- 
tion, the Revolution of 1846, the Rise of Modern Nationalism, eoonomio 
expansion, world's oonfliots, modern sooial movements. World's War; sixty 
sessions* 



II B 2 f - 4 - JBTflSH /. 

I A 1 a '^ 



Chloaeo Hebrew Institute Observer , May 11, 1926 • 



^ 
^ 

V 



-''^, 



■^'^ 



^ 



r 



Aiierioan History !• Buropecui baokgr ouxils t the Era of Colonizatioxit the \ 
Settlement of the Atlantic seaboard* the Amerloan Revolutlont the organ- 
Ization of the Federal 6ovemment» national expcmsiont eto«; sixty sessions* 

Civics !• An elementetry oourse in the principles of the American govern- 
ment; ccnmunity life and problemst introductory to more advanced courses 
in the organization euid functions of federal t state and city governments # 
and the study of social life and institutions; sixty sessions* 

This is eui age of science emd invention* It is an age of learning and 
specialization* The papers write about the theory of relativityt the 
principles of synthetic chemistry* quantitative measurements in economicst 
business cycles* It is becoming increasingly difficult to folloir even 
the newspapers intelligently without some grounding in the elements of 
sciencct history and literature* Here is an opportunity to get at these 
things from the bottom up* A mastery of elementary principles is essential 
to an understanding of the more advanced theories* 



II B 8 f . 5 - , JBYISH 

I A 1 a 









Chloago Hebreir Instituta Observer ^ May lit 1926« \ 



^L 
c 






One of these speoial study oleusses that has been very suooassful and <^ 
has interested a rather large group of intelligent young men and young 
women is the course in Conteaporary Literaturet 1890-19259 given every 
Sunday evening during the winter semester* The subject is presented by 
means of lectures and discussions* liLmeographed outlines of the subject 
to be discussed are distributed* An informal social hour concludes the 
meeting* The following is an outline of the work: 

I* Introduction* Background* The Receding Giants: Iferedith, Swinburne« 
Henry James » Mark IWain, Thomas Hardy and the philosophy of fatalisms 
Pess, Jude, T he Return of the Native * 

II. Samuel Butler* satire, audacityt paradox, common sense, humor, 
epigram, influence on G* B* Shaw and Gilbert Cannon. The Way of All Flesh ; 
The Notebooks ; Erewhon * 



• 6 - 

II B 2 f jmLsa 

I A 1 a 

Chloago Hebrew Institute Obsenrer^ May lit 1926« 

III« Oaoar Wilde and the Ninetiea; Pin de Sleollame ; Deoadenoet Die 
Nineties in i)jaarloa, Wilde's Pioture of Dorian Gray ; Beerbohms' 
Zuleika Dobson ; Uorrison's Tales of Mean Streets ; The Savoy # the 
Yelloir Book# 

IV* Moyenents* (a) Poetry: J^n Davidson; Franois Thompson; Lionel 
Johnson; the Catholio Movements; YeatSt Bridgest The Shropshire Lad » 
(b) Art: Aubrey Beardsley* (o) Drama: Wilde; Jones; Pinero; Sutro; 
Synge; early &• B# Shaw* 

V# Die influenoe of the Nineties* Theory of naturedism* Symbolism* 
Sooialism in Shaw; Dandyism in Max Beerbohm; Imperialism in Kipling; 
Optimism in R« L« Steyenson; Naturalism in Man^am and Dreiser; 
Romanticism in Steyenson and his followers* 



' 



LJ^ 



II B 2 f - 7 - JEfflSH 

I A 1 a 






Chloago Hebreir Institute Observer ^ May 11, 1926« -y 



C3 



\- 






VI • William Henry Hudson: The vitality of Romantioisoif naturOf style* § 

Green Mansions > El Hoabre > 

VII« Joseph Conrad: The Polish sailor wno appreoiated life in piotures 
of exquisite form cmd proportion* The oareful artist who thought in 
French and wrote in English • The world as a spectacle* Influence of 
Flanbertt Dostoiensky* Youth s Lord Jim * Nostromo * etc* 

VIII« Bexmettt Wells and Galsworthy c. (a) Wplls: Scientifically trained 
liberal* The journalist in literature* Throagh Science to Socialismt 
to aristocracyy to utopianism* Tone Bungay * Resettrch Magnificent * Hew 
Machiavelli , Outline of History * (b) Bennett: The solidarity of the 
English Middle Classes, The Old Wives Tales * (c) Galsworthy, novelist, 
dramatist, essajrist, poet, stylist. The Forsvthe Saga * Justice * 



t' 

(•»»\ 



II B 2 f - 8 - JEWISH 

I A 1 a 

Chloago Hebrew Institute Obsarver^ Uay Ht 1926. 



IX« Dreiser: Naturalism and its Amerioan predeoessorst Crane t Pieroet 
Uorris; influenoe» problems t pessimismt rank; The Genias ^ Criticism 
in Amerioa* European Naturalism* Hamson« 

X« Willa Cather* Epics of women and s(»ie men* Compare her treatment of 
the IfiLddle West with that of Hamlin 6arland» and her attitude and style 
with that of Edith Wharton* The note of poignant regret: Optima dies 
prima fucit * Compare with Sheila Raye Smith* 0^ Pioneers* The Song of the 
lark* My Antonia» The Lost Lady * The Professor's House * 

XI* H* D* Lawrence and Sherwood Anderson* Psychology and sex* Psycho- 
analysis and literature* The maturity of the American novel* Psycho- 
logical naturalism* Lawrence: Sons and Love « Women in Love ; Anderson: 
Winesburgt Ohio ; The Triumph of the Egg * Heroes and Men * 

XII* The New Romance » James Branch Cabell t Robert Nathant Don Byrnov 



II B 2 f - 9 - JEVinSH 

I A 1 a 

ChioagQ Hebrew Institute Observer » May 11« 1926* 

Joseph Hergesheiner* Cabell: Romantio realistf the eoonoiftic theory of 
literature* Cream of the Jest # Jurgen, Figures of Earth» Hergesheimers 
A sophistioated romantic t half artist t half ohaxlatan* Three Black 
Bennys , Unda Condon > 

XIII • The new poetry • 191Z. Foe try > a magazine of yerse* Ezra Pound, 
Pes Imagistes : free verse* French influence* Spoon River Anthology # 

XIV. A survey of contemporary American poetry* Frost and Robinson* 
New Ehglandf Sandburg and Undisay; Chicago, Edna milay and Elinore 
WyliCf heart and mind* F* S* Eliot and E« S* Commings; new writers* 

XV« Recent tendencies in the American theatre* The little theatre* 
Foreign influences* Susan Glaspell, Eugene 0*Neillf Realism and 
Naturalism* 






II B 2 f - 10 - JEfflSH 

I A 1 a 



XVI* The new biography* Essasriste and belles lettres* Lytton Straohey, 
Queen Vlotorla . Eminent Victorian* 

XVII* The literature of insurgenoy* Floyd Dell« Main Street * Miss 
Lulu Bett * Ben Ifooht: Bodenheia, 1920* Aldous Huxley's Antio Hay * 
European oorollariest Rollcuidf Hauptman, Strindbergt Ibsen* 

XVIII* The Irish movement* Celticism, (a) Poetry: TeatSt A* E* eind 
Stephens; (b) Drama: SyngCf Yeatst Colum, Lady Gregory, Drinscmy* 
(c) Fiction: Moore Stephens* 

XIX* IrelaJid in the world, Joycct Ulysses* 

XX* General resume of course* A glimpse Into the future* 



•5^ 



Chioago Hebrew Institute Observer * Hay lit 19H6* v5 



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t.5 



II B 2 f 



JEWISH 



^ The Sentinel , Wk, of March I3, I925. Vol. 57-5S, p. 6. ^^ 

__— — — ^ 

A l)oard of trustees has heen appointed for the training school of- Jewish -^ 
social work, an organization which trains and prepares social workers for g. 
Jewish agencies throughout the country. Julius Rosenwald has "been chosen 't^ 
chairman and M. J. Karps of Chicago, the director. . t^ 



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III C 



JK'/ISH 



A 



1 a Daily Jewish Ck>urier . Hay 2, 1924. 

GWOD MORimiGl 

by 
Dr. 3. M. Melamed 

There are in Chicago only tvjenty-four Talnud Torahs to take care of forty-five ^ 

thousand Jewish children. Only ten or tv/elve out of the twenty-four can be ^ 

considered real educational institutions— the others are small cheders, which [z 

cannot acoomfiiodate more than one hundre<l students and quite often not even — 

tliat many. Chicago needs, to take proper care of its forty-five thousand ^ 

Jewish children, at least one hundred Talmud Torahs, each one capable of -- 

attendin{^ to three or five hundred children. You can readily see that Chicago ^ 
is brini::ini5 up a generation of ignoramuses, because instead of one hundred 
good Talmud Torahs we have only ten good ones and the rest are of poor quality. 






JSVnSH 



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II B 2 f 

Daily Jewish Courier , Apr. 14, 1924« 

GOOD MORMINGI 

Dr# S# M* Melamed 

This is a plain notice to the rabbis and synagogue presidents of Chicago, 



Nobody will reopen the Moses Montefiore Talmud Torah if it should be closed* 
The responsibility for the existence of the Talmud Torah lies upon the rabbis 
and synagogue presidents of Chicago. They can bid good-by to the Moses 
Montefiore Talmud Torah if they do not raise immediately an emergency fund 



5> 



The Moses Montefiore Talmud Torah, in which more than a thousand children 

receive a Jewish education, will be closed if Mr, Leizerowich, the president 

of the institution, is not able to pay to the teachers the back pay due them 

for many months of work in the past sQnester. The condition of the teachers S 

is very tragic and shameful. The condition of the Talmud Torah is a shame to 

the Jev/ish community of Chicago. 



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I II B 2 f - 2 - JEVJISH 

Dally Jewish Courier , Apr. 14, 1924* 

of a few thousand dollars to pay the poor teachers* No president of a Vlest 
Side synagogue will be able to evade his responsibility and his guilt if the 
Moses Montefiore Talmud Torah should now be closed. I mean you, Messrs. 
Joseph VJeil, Morris Salk, Jacob Cohen, and the presidents of the other big 
synagogues. Well, what do you expect to do? 



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I A 1 a 

Dally Jewish Gouriar , Liar. P5, 19r:4f 

(iilditorial) 



JMISH 



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Upon today's conference, to be held at t:ie palnier House by rr^any prominent <-^ 

citizens — a conference that has been called by well-known public workers— 3 

depends the future of the only intellectual institution which the Jev/s of 

Chicago h^ive created, the Jewish Theolo[:ical College^ The i\ofcrru Jevrs have 

not done -Jinythine, in the field of intellectual life or the Jev7r3^ of Ghica(-o, 

Their activity /has beenT" and is even novi linJted to philanthrory^ That the 

Orthodox Jews have built such an Institution -xs the Jewish Thecloeical 

Colle^o is a sign of aivakening. The fUwUre of sucri an institution depends 

upon its foundation. If it is put at the very becinnlrrf upon a solid 

financiril foundation, then it can and it will develon into a ereat 

institution, if its financial foundation is not :^ healthy one, 't vvill 

never becoi:;e vmat it should becone, bociuse it v^ill. share tne fate of art 

— it wijl bee, it will 9lv;ays be in financial difficulties, and it vdll never 



II B 2 f - 2 ► 

I ii. 1 a 

Daily JevrlBh Courier , kar» 2b, 1924. 



J^vaSB 



perrilt its leaders to get rid of material v/orries. iie do not have too ir-ejiy 
public workers in Chicafto. if the snail c^oup of Jev/s which is interested 
in the Jev/ifrh Theolo::ical College and wiich devotes itself to its problems 
should always have material v;orrics, then this c^roup will soon either ^^et 
tired and v/ithdraw from worl: or it v;il] becone so absorbed in financial 
matters that it will not have the time and opportunity to devote itself 
to the spiritual prohleias of tl^e institution. It is self-evident that 
everything m.ust be done not to let such a situation arise. 

This institution is now entering the third year of its existence. During 
the first two years it v;as something nev/ to Ghica^TO. The Jews reacted to 
it as toward a novelty, but now it ceases to be a novelty, ±he jubilation 
ijy over iril new everyday life begins. The moneys v/aicn were r_-iis3a for 
the institution during the first two years of its e:>:istence cam^iot be 
raised during the third year. '.»e m.ust cease to depend upon miracles and 
good luck. The institution m.ust have a steady and regular incoine to be 
free from material worries. This is possible if there could be found in 



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II B 2 f - 3 - JjiWISIi 

i A 1 a 

Dally Jevasb Courier , iklar 25, 1924 • 

Chicago a thousand Jews, each willinr; to make a yearly contribution of ^ 

tv7enty-f ive dollars to the institution. The existence of the institution ^ 

could be assured with these twenty-five thousand dollars and other incoine that ^^ 

it has. S 

o 

Vie hope that most of the Jews v/hc have received the invitation to come to today's ^ 

conference at the Palner iiouse will accept the invitation, ihev are not ^ 

beinc asked for money; t-ieir advice to and (i^ood will tovvard the institution 

is v/anted. \ie v/ant them to help oolve the financial problems of the 

institution new, so as not to have v/crrj es tomorrow, iji institution like 

the Jewish Theological College, having '^n annual budget of eifrhty thousand 

dollars, must not find itself in financial difficulties if it is to be as 

effective as it should be. If it will be put today upon a solid foimdation, 

it will grow to an unexpected, undreamed-of degree. It will be the only 

Torah institution in the world fr^ie from any materia] worries. Come today 

to the conference and do your duty to the Torah and Jewish studies in 

Ghicc^gol 



II B 2 f 



JffiflSH 



III C 

Daily Jgtfish Courier , liar. 16, 1924, 

GOOD MORKINGI 
by 
Dr. S. M, Melamed 

There will be a conference tcmorrov; — at the Jewish Theological College — of 
all synagogue presidents of Chicago to consider the membership drive of that 
institution. Presidents or representatives of synagogues who will not cone 
to the conference tomorro;7 are neglecting their duties in the worst way. 
Orthodox synagogues which do not take part in such work as helping the 
Jev:ish Theological College nay be safely ignored, because they are not 
synagogueG^, they are not congregations, but only little praying houses which 
have no Jewish interests except praying. At tomorrov;'s conference at the 
Jevdsh Theological College there should be present not only representatives 
of the big synagogues but also representatives of the small synagogues, 






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n B 2 f - 2 - JEitflSH 

III C 

Daily Jewish Courier , Mar. 16, 1924# 

because the small synagogues have the same duties as the big ones* The 
small membership of a synagogue is no valid excuse for its not fulfilling 
its duties. The membership drive of the Jewish Theological College will 
surely be a success if all presidents or representatives of all Orthodox 
synagogues of Chicago are present at the conference , because every president 
of a synagogue I no matter how small it is, can enroll thirty members for the 
Jewish Theological College* Every Jew in Chicago who is a member of an 
Orthodox sjrnagogue must also become a member of the Jewish Theological College* 
This can easily be realized if all the rabbis and synagogue presidents start 
to work earnestly* 

Do then your dutyl Do you eigpect our pseudo socialists to support the 
Jewish Theological College? Do then your duty and see to it that the 
rabbis should also do their duty* They should be the first ones to take 
a part in this work* 



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JiilWISH 

Daily Jewish Courier . Mar. 13,1924. 

AFTiiR THJ STOMvI 

(editorial) 

Now that the storm v^hich arose oat of Rabbi /judah Leb^ Gordon's decision ^ 

has calmed down, and the organizational work can be continued, it is worth ;" 

while to reconsider the problem which provoked so much emotion, from a 1 

practical and objective point of view» .Ve think it would be a good thing :r 
to recapitulate a few important points: 

1* The United Jewish Charities does not, cannot, must not, and will not :i 
interfere in Jewish/* education, as far as tiie curriculum is concerned* 

Z. The majority of the Orthodox Jews of Chicago do not look upon Jewish 
education from the theological point of view. They think, as their parents 



II 3 2 f - 2 - JEV/I3H 



I B 3 b 

III A Daily Jewish Courier , I^ar* 13, 1924. 

III C 

IV thought, that Je^vish education is not only something theoretical, — 
the knowledge of certain doginas — but it is also something practical. 

One can be a great scholar and at the same time, be an enemy of Israel. The 
Jewish people are interested primarily in their own survival. To assure the 
survival of the Jewish people, it is necessary to have Jews who live as 
Jews, to whom Judaiaa is not only a ^^latter otj theory, but is actually a 
part of their lives. A theological education cannot accomplish this. 

3. One cannot educate Jewish children in Chicago in the same v/ay that they 
were educated in the amall communities of the old country, coiomunities like 
Shnipishok or Onishok. The s/steia of education here must be entirely differ- 
ent. iSducation here must be intensive because we do not have the educational 
influence of the Jewish home and the Jewish atmosphere of the street. 

4. ilost Orthodox Jewish parents are not interested in the details of the 



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:i 3 2 f - 3- - JiiI^gSH 



I B 3 b 

III A Daily Jewish Courier > Liar* 13, 1924. 

III C 

IV Jewish education of their children. They have no opinion about 
these problems. They leave then to the leaders of the city. 

5. !.!ost Orthodox Jewish parents are not as pious here as they were in the 
old country. They simply want their children to remain Je<rs, and to Imow 
what Judaism is. The only thing that they ioiow about the educational 
problem is that their children in America will not grow up to be holy men 
and great rabbinical scholars. That is why they have a minimum program 
for the Jewish education of their children. 

*vhen one takes into consideration all these points, one can understand more 
clearly the educational work that is to be done here. 

Jewish education in America must not be one-sided; a little Hebrew, a little 



II B 2 f - 4 - JE';.i:SH 
I B 3 b 

III A Daily Jev;ish Courier, Kar, 15, 19£4. 
Ill C 

17 Pentateuch, in short, an old-fashioned Talmud Torah education 

mechanically pumped into the student. It must be systematic and 
methodical. The Jev;ish boy, after attending school for six years, must have 
a knowledge of Jev/ish life, of the Jewish past, of Jev/ish institutions, 
of Jev/ish duties, and of the condition of the Jewish people at present. 
The chief aim of Jewish education should be to encourage the Jewish child 
to grow up with Jev/ish interests at heart; he should be interested in every- 
thing that is Jev/ish. 

Can a theological education achieve this? Even the small group of people 
in this city x^ho demand a purely theological education will not claim that 
it is possible to reach, via tl.eir educational methods, that which only a 
general and modem Jewish education can give. A theological education is, 
after all, a one-sided education, which gives a one-sided picture of Judaism. 
The theologically inclined Jev/ has no v/orldly Jewish interests; he is not 
interested in Jev/ish art, and so on. \ihrj should iimerican Jewrj^ educate a 



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II B 2 f - 5 - javrrsH 

I B 3 b 

III A Daily Jevfish Courier . IJar, 13, 1924, 

III C 

IV gensration of one-sided Jews, v;ith sixteenth-century ideas? 

However, when one speaks of a worldly Jewish education, one must recilize 
that such an education should not and must not be controlled by theologi- :^. 
cally inclined Jews, An educational council must be made up only of citizens 5' 
who have a modem outlook on life. Thej^ must not only be inclined toward ^ 
traditional Judaism, but they must also be educated men, v/ho will see to it 
that the children under their supervision receive a general Jewish education, 
and that only children who shovj a great desire to study, or who possess 
specific religious and moral qualifications shall be prepared for the Hebrew 
Theological College. V/hen one assumes, however, that the goal of every 
Talmud Torah should be the Hebrew Theological College, that is, that every -^ 
child in the Talmud Torahs should receive an education that will enable him 
to enter the Hebrew Theological College upon reaching the age of fourteen 
years, then one can be sure that the naxt Jewish generation in Chicago will 
not be an ideal one from any point of vie?/, neither from the point of 



II B 2 f - 6 - JE?;iSH 
I B 3 b 

III A Daily Jewish Courier > i.Iar. 13, 1924. 

III C 

IV Jewish knowledge nor froin the point of Jewish sincerity. 

We do not v;ant to be misunderstood, We are not in favor of a Jeivish education 
without religion, but we are in favor of a Jewish education vjithout a catechism. 
Catechism belongs to the Catholics rather than the Jews. V/e are in favor 
of a Jewish education in which religion plays a big role, but not the only : 
role. V/e part company with those Jews who demand that a Jewish education - 
shall be exclusively religious. It is our sincere opinion that one can better f 
implant religion in a Jewish child through a general education than through ^ 
a purely religious one. The Jewish religion should be taught in such a way 
that the .child should feel that it is a part of his general education, a ■ 
part of his life. Religious education must not be tasteless and mechanical; 
it laust be beautiful, it must distinguish itself by a certain "modesty,^ ^ 
it must be indirect, it must be hardly noticeable. Only in such a way can 
one raise a generation of religious Jews. in America. 






II B 2 f - 7 - JS^VISH 
I B 3 b 

III A Daily Jewish Courier > Mar. 13, 1924* 

III C 

IV This should be the foundation of the educational council, ie hope 

that the coiomittee of five will select twenty men who have such 

ideas on education. 



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II B 2 f JMISH 

II D 10 

III c Daily Jewish Courier , Mar* 12, 1924 • 

IV 

/ma I3MB3RS CF COMMITTEE ON SDUCATIOIJ/ 

by 

Dr. S. LI. Melamed 

Now that it is calm again in the city, the committee of five, which was 
appointed by a conference attended by representatives of the rabbis, the 
^^ited JewishT^ Charities, the Talmud Torahs, and prominent citizens, can 
get to work and make up a list of twenty persons, of which seven will be se- Ff 
lected by the Charities to be members of the Committee on Education. Of -^ 
course, there are many Jews in Chicago whose educational qualifications and :x3 
character fit them for membership on this committee. It is a question, how- v- 
ever, whether all those who are capable of doing the work and bearing the ^ 
responsibility, will do the work. The committee of five should seek men who ^ 
are not only capable but v;ho are also willing to do the work. Education must 
be the prime qualification of those tv/enty men. An uneducated person should 
not even dream of handling such a delicate thing as education. Some of the 
tv/enty men should also have administrative qualifications and experience 



II 3 2 f - 2 - J^ISH 

II D 10 

III G Daily Jev/ish Courier , liar. 12, 1924. 

IV 

because sooner or later, ths Charities will turn over the entire ?;ork 
to our Jews; the present Coinmittee on Education of the Charities is only a 
temporary affair. A great deal depends upon the work of the committee, and 
you and I can only ^'ish it success. 






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II B 2 f JEWISH 

II D 10 

III C Daily Jewish Courier , liar. 11, 1924. 

IV 

THE TAIiJUD T0RAH3 V/ILL REI.IAIN V/ITH THE 
raiTSD JE;aSK CF.ARITIES 

The Association of Rabbis met yesterday afternoon at tv;o o'clock at the 

Hebrev; Theolocical College to consider the situation that has arisen as 

a result of Rabbi ^udah Leb/ Gordon's decision regarding the Talmud Torahs 

and the United ^ev/isliT' Charities. Only two members of the Association of 

Rabbis were absent. Rabbi Judah Leb Gordon was chairman of the meetintb. 

The entire discussion centered around his decision. Rabbis /^phrainT* Epstein, 

^auJ^" Silbert /Sa rauel/ Shach, [L^ Rubenstein, ^^brahaiiT^ Garden, fk. rJJ 

Mushkin, and /jTJ Goldiiian participated in the discussion, which was very 

heated and at times stormy. The following prominent citizens also took part 

in the discussion: Ilr. B. Horv/ich, 14r. Gray, Dr. S. M. Melamed, and Ifr. M. P. 

Ginsburg. 

The rabbis attempted to find a con5)romise between the decision of Rabbi 



2 

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II B 2 f - 2 - JEWISH 

II D 10 

III C Dail3^ Jev/lsh Courier , Mar* 11, 1924* 
IV 

Gtordon and the proei^m of the Charities regarding the management of the 
Talmud Torahs. Mr, Hon/ich pointed out in his speech that there is no ground for 
the fear that the Charities will interfere in educational matters. Dr. Me lamed ^ 
and Mr# Gray laid stress upon the agreement of last Tuesday* s conference, at 3? 
which three rabbis accepted the agreeiaent , since they did not protest it. Both '^ 
speakers declared emphatically that we must not estrange ourselves from the rj 
Charities, as long as the Charities have done nothing wrong. V/e must take a -^ 
chance upon an a£^eement made with an honest group of people. There will be o 
time to protest if the Charities do not abide by the agreement and interfere Lo 
in /jevdsh^ education. The rabbis, with the exception of Habbi Silber, re- t^j 
peated their old complaints, but expressed the opinion that soriiething must be ^ 
done to get out of this unpleasant situation. 

The rabbis made various proposals for arriving at an understanding. Rabbi 
Gordon declared that if the conditions which the Charities imposed remain 
unchanged, he would be unable to change his decision. His chief objection 



k 



II B 2 f - 3 - JEWISH 
I .up 10 

III C Dally Jewish Courier, Mar. U, 1924. 
IV 

was that he felt that the Reform Jews will have a voice In the appoint- ^ 
nent of Talmud Torah teachers. Rabbi Gordon declared that he would modify -o 
his decision if the Charities would modify that condition. ..^ 

At last a proposal was adopted that the chairman of the Coiamittee on Education ^ 
of the Charities should issue an official assurance that the necessary approval g 
of newly appointed teachers would not be given by one person alone, but by a 
Committee of fourteen, of which seven would be representatives of Chicago 
Orthodoxy. 



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This proposal was adopted and we hear that Mr. James Davis declared that he 
¥ias willing to issue such a declaration, but that he would await the return 
of Dr. /AlezaiiidQv/^ Dushkin, who left Monday for New York, to issue such a 
declaration. 

The incident which arose last Friday, is thus closed. The committee of five 
can now go on with its work. 



II B 2 f 

III C 

ly Daily Jewish Courier, L!ar. 10, 1924 



JSIVISH 



J^ KSBK5r,V THSOLOGIC/vL COIXEGE/ 

by 

Dr. S. J.!. Melamed 

I want to tell my dear Jews of Chicago that no matter hov; philanthropically 
inclined the ;Vest Side may be, it is not strong enough financially to sup- 
port both the local Jewish lower schools and a national institution like 
the Hebrew Theolocical College. It now costs ei^^hty thousand dollars a year 
to support the Hebrew Theological College, and soon it will cost a hundred 
thousand dollars a year. It costs between seventy and eighty thousand dol- S 
lars a year to keep up the West Side Talmud To3?ahs. It will cost about two ^ 
hundred thousand dollars a year to support them, if they are properly reor- C3 
ganized so that they can educate an additional five thousand children. The 
West Side Jews alone cannot, by any means, raise three hundred thousand 
dollars a year for Jewish educational purposes. In other words, if the West 
Side Jews want to take over and finance their Talmud Torahs themselves, they 



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II B 2 f - 2 - J^7ISH 

III C 

IV Daily Jewish Courier > Liar. 10, 1924 • 

will have to say good-"by to the Hebrew Theological College* Are they v/ill- 

ing to do that? I would like to hear rrojn then. If they want to do that, 
they ought to consider v;hether they v/ill be able to do it; whether they can 

carry out such a plan. 



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II B 2 f JE.aSH 

II D 10 

III Daily Jewish Courier . luar. 10, 1924. 
IV 

RABBIS AIJD PROLmtiUr CITIZSl© LOST 
AGA.IN TO DISCUSS R^iBBI GORDON* S DliXJISIOK 

The fir«b effect of the decision rendered by Rabbi Grordon on Friday regarding 
the TaLaud Torahs and the United Jewish Charities, was felt on Saturday night 
at a meeting of the rabbis' ilducational Council, at which Rabbi Gordon was F^ 
present. The meeting decided, after a long and heated debate, to abide by <^ 
the decision, but, at the same time, to persuade the Charities to recognize S 
the Educational Council, of which Rabbi Jiphraln Epstein is the chairman, 2 
and to put Dr. ^^llexander^ Dushkin under the jurisdiction of the Educational 
Council. A co::imittee headed by Mr. Gray, appeared yesterday afternoon at 
the Courier for consultation regarding the new situation. Later members of 
the committee of five, which was elected last Tuesday at the conference, 
some prominent citizens v;ho were present at the conference. Judge ^qttjJ 
Fisher and Mr. B. Horwich, also caiae in. 



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II B 3 f - 2 - JjIVOSH 

II D 10 

III C Dally Jewish Courier , Mar* 10, 1924. 

17 

There was a long and stoimy debate in which nearly all those present 
participated. Mr. Sara Ginsburg, president of the -^sociation of Synagogues, 
proposed that a committee of three should attend tomorrow's meeting of the 
rabbinical council and persuade it to postpone the enforcement of Rabbi 
Gordon's decision until it becomes clear that the Charities do not .vant and 
do nob intend to interfere in ^ewish/^ education. A group of prominent 
citizens will attend today's meeting of the rabbinical council. 









CO 



Mr. Sam Ginsburg had a long discussion yesterday afternoon with Rabbi ^ 
Gordon about the whole affair. It seeras that Rabbi Gordon was misinformed* jg 
Ee did not know that the Charities do not and must not interfere in purely 
educational matters. 

The following letter, dated February twentieth, 1924, written by Mr. James 
Davis, chairman of the Committee on Education of the Charities to Mr. B. 



II B 2 f -3- JillVISH 

II D 10 

III c Daily Jewish Courier > liar. 10, 1924. 

IV 

Leizerowich, president of the Montefiore Talmud Torah, shov/s the 
present policy of the charities in regard to Jewish education. 

^^, B. Lazar, president, 

"Tyloses Montefiore Hebrew Schools. 

"Tily dear Mr. Lazar: At a meeting vjhich took place in our office on V^/ednesday, 
February tv/entieth, at which representatives of our committee and of your 
board of directors were present, agreed upon the following points: 



5 



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'•The Charities* Co:nmittee on ]i:ducation will continue to grant the Moses ^ 
Montefiore Schools the monthly subsidy of one thousand three hundred thirty- 
three dollars and thirty-three cents. The Committee will also assign a 
special sum of money to cover the deficit of your schools for the months of 
January, February, March, and April, 1924, on the following conditions: 



II B 2 f - 4 - JIIV/I3H 

II D 10 

III C Daily Jewish Courier ^ Mar. 10, 1924. 
17 

^*1. The Washbume Avenue TaLnud Torah is to be closed entirely until 
the end of this semester and its students transferred either to the Miller 
Street or the Winchester Avenue Talmud Torah. The present premises of the 
"iTashbume Avenue TaLnud Torah are absolutely unfit for school purposes. 

"2. The monthly salary of the principal, Rabbi J. Greenberg, is to be sus- 
pended until the end of this semester, unless Rabbi Greenberg can and will 
devote his time and attention to the management of your schools. 



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"3. The Committee on Education is to have the right to supervise the 

finances of your school, both the income and the expenses. It will not 

be necessary for the students themselves to bring their tuition to the school. D=^ 

Instead we will organize 'school visitors*, who will not only collect the 

tuition, but will also investigate the causes of the child's absence from 

school, and report to the parents about the child's work at school. The 



II B 2 f - 5 - J^^JISH 

II D 10 

III C Daily Jewish Courier , Liar, 10, 1924. 
lY 

Coiimiittee will be in a position to begin this work not later than 
ilarch first, so that in the nev; semester, the work will proceed smoothly. 
The CoLnnittee has guaranteed, in order to be sure that the schools do not 
suffer any loss of tuition, that the anount of tuition for your school 
vjill be no less than it was perviously. ^ 

"4. During the period between the Feast of Esther and Passover, the Cam- p 

mittee is to begin an intensive campaign to increase the enrollment in "-^ 

your schools. The teachers and directors of 70ur schools are urged to help g 
us in this work for tl^ public good. 

**5. The board of directors of your schools is to be responsible for the 
management of your schools as it was in the past, but no changes in the 
budget of the schools are to be made without the consent of the Committee. 
A monthly report on the incoKie and expenses of your schools should be 



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II B 2 f - 6 . X^^VISH 

II D 10 

III C Daily Jewish Courier , Mar. 10, 1924. 

IV 

presented to the Committee. 

^o. Your board is to have the right to appoint teachers as it does at present, 
but all new appointments of teachers and other members must be approved by 
the Conmittee in order to insure the appointment of the best and most capable 
teachers for the Jewish education of your children. 



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"7. Your board is to decide upon the matters of curriculum, method of f— 

teaching, and the spirit of the school. Your board is to be the supreme ^ 

authority in these fields. The duty of the director of the Committee on 3 
Education — .vhose office can be compared to that of a superintandent of 

schools— v;ill be to visit your schools and classes, and, together with ^ 

the teachers and board members, he will consider the problems relating to '"^ 
your school management and teaching methods. 

^'8. Your school janitors, in order to make sure that your schools are kept 



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II D 10 

III C Dally Jewish Courier > Liar. 10, 1924. 
IV 

clean and that the strictest sanitary precautions are observed, are 
to be responsible to a •chief janitor* whom the Coramittee will appoint, i/e 
agree to cover all costs which you will have in reinodeling or repairing the 
schools in order to keep them clean and sanitary. ^ 

"In signing this agreeiaent, our intentions have been honest. We were sure ^ 
that the few minor demands v/hioh we presented to you were for the good of "^ 
your schools and their pupils, but when we tried to carry out the accepted g 
decisions, particularly the one relating to tuition, we found that you put 
great and unnecessary obstacles in our path, ilhen we called your attention 
to those unnecessary and useless obstacles, you told us that you had con- Tr- 
suited with the rabbis and had resolved to postpone the execution of the 
plan we had agreed upon. 

"i7e, therefore, inform you that if by March first, we cannot begin our v/ork 



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III c Daily Jev/ish Courier , Mar. 10, 1924, 

IV 

xor your schools, collect tuition, visit the homes of the students, 
as we Hvsreed to do, and if you continue to put obstacles in our way and do 
not let us execute the various clauses of our agreement, v/e /all understand 
that you want the Jewish Charities to withdraw their support from your 
schools • 

"Sincerely, 

"Committee on Education of United 

Jewish Charities, 

"(signed): Alexander:.'* Dushkin, director, 
"(approved): James Davis, chairman." 



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II B 2 f Ja^gSH 

II D 10 

III C Dally Jewish Courier^ Mar. 6, 1924. 
IV 

/jSinSH EDUOiiTIOIiAL COUliCIL TO BE SET 13^ 

by 

Dr. S. U. Melaaed 

At last we have, or we are going to have an educational coiinci:!. in Chicago, ^ 

which will have some authority, and which will be composed of representative 5^ 

Jews from all parts of the city. In the educational council there will be r-, 

seven members from the Je^vish Charities of Chicago and seven other Jews P 

whom the board of education of the United Jewish Charities is to select f roia ", 

a list of twenty-five. This list will be compiled by a committee of five, -^ 

which has been apix)inted by Jewish representatives of the city, and the seven - \] 

names chosen, will be submitted to the board of education of the United Jewish ;,: 

Charities of Chicago. In this way, we will have an authoritative educational <j^ 
council of the city, which will represent the Charities, the Talmud Torahs, 
the rabbis, the synagogues, the Zionist organization, the Conservative Jev/s, 
and so on. Ze should be able to accomplish miracles in the city in the field 
of educating the Jewish youth with such an educational council and with a man 



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II D 10 

III c Daily Jewish Courier, L5ar* 6, 1924, 

IV 

like Dr. Dushkin as a pedagogical exi)ert» 

Tlie educational council will be organized soon and then the serious work 
will begin. It is to be hoped that from now on, great changes vdll take 
place in the Jewish educational work of Chicago* 






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III C Dally Jewi sh Gou riei% l.xir. 3, 1924 « 
17 



c 



The annual banquet o.^ tlie liebrev/'JneoloGi^-l Colle/.o last nir.lit vns an 
i!aT)ressiv9 ai'fair. ii.bout Tour I'uuflrod .TiCn and v/oj-nen, amon^ then the r.iost 
pronineut jTonbers of the Jevash Crtiiodo:: Communlt/, ril.lea the .^^eat hall 
of the Ilebre;; Tlieololcal Colle::o '.;horo the banniet took place. 

F^avvy A, Lipslc^/ v.^as toast:na3ter. 'Jlie apoalcors v;cro: 2a obi Judah Leb 
Gordon, Jineon Krai^.er, \7ho spoke in Iiebrev;, I la:: Shulir^n, 3ain. Cinsbur:;-, 
Habbi LJDhraiM J-nstcin, and l^abbi oaul iilber. iJLl ST)e:;kor3 stresoed the -^' 
creat inportance of the Ilebrei; T]ieolo::io-il CollO;':e .Cor the future of Jewish 
Orthodoiv' ii^ .xierica. 

The Tiests responded :'enorously to the appeal in belii.lf of this {•;reat and 
\:ovVvj institution. Tlie sun of fifteen thousand dollars v/as raised in cash 






.' • > 



X X ^ -^ X ^ fv •• J.^ .< X^j^o. 

III C Daily Jev/ish Couri'Dr, Lar. 3, 19^34 • 

17 

and ^;l3d:_:Gs« 

xlie brothePG Paul and ^idoloh Broicle .-rave a check Tor a thousand dollars to 
honor the .nenory oi* their "-:.thor, Rabbi Broiue, und their Lx>t}ier« 






•X' 



ij]i{3i'it people liave each pledged a scholarship of five hundred dollars a year 
for the liebrev; The -logical Collo.:^, The oicht people v;ere: Louis BoLia.sh, 
Saiuiel Phillipson, Israel :3alaban, in the name o£ his deceased dau.:^itor Ida, 
John Rismn, 'aendel Zcuin, the children ol ::;en-Zion Lci::Groalch, S* F. Piatt, o 
and ji\ Katzin ;er. ^ 

Other contributors vrere: Society for Cloth^in;- the ITaked, ^200; Ilitchel Rosin, 
vlOO; Sara Kat-, s^lOO; -.lex Jisenstoin, v^OO; Dr. Sliiipiro, ^i200; Joe V/einstoin, 
vlOO; Jacl: './einsteia, -AOO; L^x Fravus, v^OO; J. Tiartiiian, ,A00; II. Slensky, 
;100; Zimnski, JlOO; Kurzon, vlOO; :J:iba iJpstein, AOO; J. liadesrtm, .J500 
and ylOO a j^ear; !• PerlLian, :;100; ... Cppenliein, ^100; Tveuben 3hros:5, ,ilOO; 
L. 3teiner, ilOO; ..'ouen^s Jociety, .,i500; Garden of oarnuel .Auxiliary, s^SOO; 



II 3 2 f - 3 - J2l:ISII 
I .. 2 C 

III G Daily J eidsh Courier, Ix-r. 3, 1924. 

Tui'nor brothers, vlOO; .^uro ra i\ubin, ylOO; L. ohaftou, vlOO; Iienry 
I-or';d.^.z, vlOO, G, II. Cohen, .A^'^O; Leon U. ./alcliaan dissociation, v^O; 
J* lUsnan, ^,>t300; liyinan Berlcson, ^^200; ...ilce I-.osenbor:^, -.^250; A. Oanbinsk:/, 
sAOO; II. II. Ileuberi^er, ^,^100; L. Turner, o50; I'x. and Ijrs. B. Perbaner, .,^200; 
H. Berlov.'slr/, o200; J, Cohen, ^100; 3. Levin, ^150; iJiiil Brautze, ^100; LIr. 
and I.j?s. Urnisber.jvjr, ^150; ..x. Dick, of "./estern Dair:' Company, butter, cream, 
and rdlk for a whole year. 






Kany others contributed fifty and tv;enty-f ive dollars each. The enthusiasii of ^ 
the ::uosts v/as ,::reat, and ;;hen the banquet v;as over, ever^^'one felt that he had 
heeii present at a very beautiful Jev/ish Catherine* ^ 






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III C 

IV Daily Jewish Courier , Feb. 29, 1924. 

TBE HEBREW THEOLOGICAL COLLEGE: A M0NUM2NT TO CHICAGO ORTHODOXY 

by 
S. Greenblau 

Great achievements often have small beginnings, so small that they are hardly ^ 

noticed or appreciated. Those who accomplish something worth while must expect F 

to meet discouragement and disappointment at every step of the way, but the <- 

difficulties and the obstacles are gradually overcome, if an individual believes S 

in his idea and has will power. As the enterprise progresses, the public begins ^ 
to realize its great significance and begins to give it generous support. 



A few years ago, a few Chicago rabbis, Rabbi Sphraim Epstein, Rabbi Saul Silber, 
Rabbi /JiS/ Cardon, and Rabbi Rubenstein, decided to establish a college for 
rabbis. However, educating rabbis for the future generation was a secondary 
consideration with them. Their basic motive was to strengthen the Orthodoxy of 






II B 8 f - 2 - JEWISH 

III C 

17 Dally Jewish Courier , Feb. 29, 1924* 

future generations by educating young scholars, who would absorb the traditions 
of Jewish Orthodoxy and Jewish scholarship, as well as receive the benefits of 
a secular education* The beginning was snail and difficult. The founders 
gathered together a group of young men, good scholars, most of whom were former ^ 
students of the Etz Chaim Seminary, which was then tha chief Jewish pedagogical ^ 
institution. They gave the students the opportunity to study the To rah while -n 
they were finishing their general education in high school or university. The F 
founders were the sole supporters of the institution, which could hardly be called^ 
at that time, a "college for rabbis**. The public at large hardly knew of the o 
existence of such an institution, and only a few people, of those who heard about 
it, could understand and appreciate the significance of laying the foundation for 
the future of Orthodoxy in America. 

This was the situation a few years ago, but today that idea has been embodied in 
the large and magnificent structure on Douglas Boulevard. Today every Jew in 
Chicago knows of the Hebrew Theological College, which is a real monument to 
Chicago* s Jewish Orthodoxy • 



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III C 

IV Daily Jewish Courier ^ Feb, 29, 1924. 

The Hebrew Theological College cein no more be compared to its predecessor, the 
College for Rabbis, than an ancient, old-fashioned heder can be compared to a 
modem, magnificent American public school. The idea, however, is the same — 
to create a fortress for Jewish Orthodoxy. This idea is the spiritual founda- 
tion of the magnificent institution on Douglas Boulevard, whose full signifi- 
cance will be appreciated only in the future. 

The Hebrew Theological College has a triple significance; it is a merger of three 
institutions which complement each other. The three institutions, which comprise 
the Hebrew Theological College, are: the Etz Chaim Seminary, the old Chicago 
Torah institution which was reorganized upon a new basis, in accoixlance with the 
general aim of the Hebrew Theological College; the College for Rabbis, the 
original institution out of which the Hebrew Theological College developed; and 
the Pedagogical Institute, which was founded about a year ago. 

Each of these three educational institutions has a program of its own, which is 
strictly adhered to. The curriculum in every one of them is organized upon a 



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II B 2 f - 4 - JBfflSH 

III C 
17 Daily Jewish Coixrler . Fab. 29, 1924* 

BOdem basis, irtiich does not hinder the students from studying the Torah. 

The Etz Chaim Seminaxy has been in existence for twenty- three years • It has 
given us three rabbis: Rabbi ^^njamin/^ Daskel , Rabbi Siegel, and Rabbi 
Rosenblooii* Childiren who have graduated from the local Talmud Torahs are 
accepted as students* The STerage age of the children, at the time they enter 
the Seminary, is twelve years* The course of study extends over a four-year 
period* The entrance requirements for children is a knowledge of the Old 
Testament and a slight knowledge of ^ebrmr/ grammar* The subjects taught at 
the Seminary are: the Talmud and its oonmentarles , Hebrew, the Prophets, and 
Jewish history* Upon graduating from the Seminary, the students receive a 
diploma, which entitles them to enroll in the College for Rabbis* I- 

The entrance requirements of the College for Rabbis are: a knowledge of two 
hundred pages of the Talmud, the ability to read, unaided, a page of the Talmud, 
a thorough knowledge of the Prophets, and the ability to write Hebrew well* 






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II B 2 f - 5 - JEWISH 

III C 

17 Daily Jewish Courier ^ Feb* 29, 1924* 

The College for Rabbis has an eight-year course of study* A graduate of that 
institution must know one thousand pages of the TaLmid, about two hundred 
chapters of the Mishnah, about three hundred sections of the famous Talmud ^ 
commentaries, such as lore Deio, Ibn Ezra, and so on; they must have a wide 2 
knowledge of Jewish history and of rabbinical literature* -^ 

The Pedagogical Institute aims to prepare teachers for the Talmud Torahs and -u 
for the seminaries. The course of study extends over a five-year period. o 
Pupils are accepted who have graduated from a Talmud Torah where the method of L- 
teaching is Ivrith Be-Tvrith ^Teaching system in Hebrew schools: Hebrew sub- f5 
Ject matter explained ii. Hebrev^, as in the Talmud Torahs of Congregations 
Anshe Sholom and Kehilath Jacob. The Hebrew language reigns in the pedagogical 
Institute. Everything, including the Talmud, is taught in Hebrew. The students 
who enter the Institute must possess a good knowledge of oral and written Hebrew. 
Students of the Etz Chaim Seminary can enter if they have an adequate preparation 



II B 3 f - 6 - JEr//ISH 

in c 

17 Dally Jewish Courier , Feb. 29, 1924. 

in Hebrew^ Rabbi Jacob Greenberg is the principal of the College for Rabbis 
and of the Pedagogical Institute. The students of the Pedagogical Institute 
study the Talmud, Hebrew, Jewish literature, grammar, Aramaic, and so on. 

At present, there are two hundred and twenty-one pupils in the Etz Chaim 
Seminary and ninety-three in the College for Rabbis ♦ Next Sunday, one will 
be installed as a rabbi in a synagogue. There are twenty-three students in 
the Pedagogical Institute. 

The students of the College for Rabbis cannot receive the title of rabbi upon 
graduation unless they receive at the same time, a degree from a university. 
An exception is being made for students from the old country, former students 
in European seminaries. They simply have to have a high school diploma. The 
institution supports the students. It pays the university expenses of many of 
them. The subsidy to the students, plus the salary of the teachers, and the 
other necessary expenses of the institution, make the cost of running the 






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II B 2 f - 7 - JEWISH 

III C 

17 Daily Jewish Courier , Feb* 29, 1924« 

institution considerable, but it should not be difficult for a large and rich 
community like Jewish Chicago to raise the necessary funds. 

It is worth while to mention, in conclusion, that the Hebrew Theological College ^ 
has a library which has over three thousand books of the rabbinical and modem ^ 
Hebrew literature, including many rare books. Among the rare books, there is one'p 
called Sefer Hatrumo , written by one of the Talmud commentary writers, which was C 
printed in Venice four hundred years ago* It is surely one of the oldest Jewish Zi- 
printed books* The library will soon be increased by another thousand books* £. 



c 



The Hebrew Theological College is an impressive institution, although not every- -^: 
thing is running smoothly* One must not forget, however, that this is an insti- 
tution in the making* The progress that has been made up to now leads us to hope 
that in the course of time, it will reach a high degree of development and will 
be an oxnament to the Orthodox Jewry of America* 



II B 2 f JMISB 

in C 

IV[ Dally Jewlah Courier , Feb. 27 , 1924. 

THE HEUBERSHIP DRIVS OF IHE BEBRBW THEOLOGICAL COLLEGE 

IS GOING WELL 

The drlTe for new members for the Hebrew Theological College Is In full swing 
and Is going well. Representatives of twenty<-two synagogues In Chicago met 
Monday evening at the Hebrew Theological College. Ifr. Sam Glnsburg was chair* 
man of the meeting. The speakers, Rabbi Ephralm Epstein and Rabbi fkj Cardon, 
urged that the drive be supported; as a result of their appeal, those present 
at the meeting pledged to enroll twelve hundred new members. 









The Hebrew Theological College will give a banquet next Sunday evening at six 
o* clock at the College, Douglas Boulevard and St. Louis Avenue. This banquet ^ 
will be one of the most beautiful affairs Chicago Orthodoxy has ever had. The 
most prominent Jews of Chicago are expected to attend. Over thsree hundred 
reservations have already been made. The Invitations committee for the banquet 
consists of: Samuel FhlUlpson, chairman; B. J. Schlff , treasurer; B. Horwlch, 
Louis Booash, Max Shulman, Bmll Brolde, Louis Brosllow, and J. M. Hofinan. 



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Dally Jewish Courier , Feb. 26, 1924. 
/pMBERSHIP miVE FOR HEBRSY/ THEOLOGICAL COLLEGS/ 

by 

Dr. S. M* Helamed 



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The season of community activities now opens In earnest In Chicago. There Is a 
membership drive going on now for the Hebrew Theological College. The Zionist 
membership drive will soon end, and in a few weeks the big Keren Hayesol 
^exchequer** of World Zionist Organization/ drive, which is expected to raise § 
three hundred thousand dollars, will begin. Many little drives also take place 
between one big drive and another. Soon the drive for Ma-oth Hi tim practice ^ 
of giving Passover food supplies to the needy/ will begin, and other drives of 
a purely local character. Various committees are functioning in every syna- 
gogue« Every committee is working seriously and conscientiously. Jewish 
Chicago is alive and active now. 

The most important local undertaking now is the membership drive of the Hebrew 
Theological College. The College now has a yearly expense of seventy thousand 



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Daily Jev/ish Courier , Feb. ^6, 1924. 

aollars and the more students enroll, the greater will be the expense* 
It is obvious that such an institution must have a large membership, 
if it is to be financially solid. The present membership is not large 
enough to assure the continued existence of the institution. Tiie Hebrew Theo- 
logical College must have at least five thousand members in good standing, 
which means that during the drive it must enroll two thousand five himdred 
additional members. This can be done easily if every synagogue president does 
his duty. There are seven thousand Je;vs in Chicago who are members of Orthodox 
synagogues; these can easily be persuaded to become members of the Hebrew Theo- o 
logical College because the Jev/ v.ho realizes the importance of belonging to a ^ 
synagogue, will also realize the importance of being a member of such an educa- ^ 
tional institution as the Hebrev/ Theological College. If I had been a repre- 5i 
sentative of the Hebrew Theological College, I would have called all the syna- 
gogue presidents before the Rabbinical Council, which would have issued the 
follovTing decision: *^ou must contribute to the treasury of the Hebrew Theo- 
logical College as many five dollar bills as there are members in your syna- 
gogue. No excuses v/ill be accepted.** Synagogue presidents, who take their 



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Daily Jev/ish Courier, Feb* c6, ly:::4. 



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orrice seriously and v/ho respect tJie aecision of a Riibbinical Council, 
;vouId certainly accept tiiis responsibility. If the Rabbinical Council 
has not yet rendered such a decision, it can and should do so. It is 
the guardian of the Torah in Chicago, and, therefore, has the right and the duty 
of issuing such a decision. I should like to see any synagogue president refuse 
to carry out such a decision by the Rabbinical Council. 



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II B 2 f JgrflSH 

III B 2 

III C Daily Jewish Courier . Feb. 6, 1924, 

IV 

^JE PROBLEM OF JS/iKH EDUCATION/ 

by 

Dr» S. M. Melacied 

Two extreme positions are being taken on the problem of Jewish education, 
and that is why it is so difficult to solve. One extreme, the Reform, defends 
the Sunday school type of education — a purely religious education without a ^ 
Hebrew or a national background. The other extreme, the Orthodox, defends ^ 
the old-fashioned Talmud Torah — another form of a purely religious education, ^ 
without a national background and without Hebrew. The educational problem 
cannot be solved on the basis of these two extremes. A middle ground must be ' 
found. This middle ground is neither the Sunday school nor the old-fashioned 
Talmud Torah, but the modem Hebrew school, conducted in the traditional 
spirit, in which the child receives a general Jewish education, with Hebrew 
as its foundation. A general Jewish education includes a religious education, 
but it is not an education exclusively religious. 






II B 2 f . - 2 - JMISH 

III B 2 

III C Daily Jewish Courier , Feb* 6, 1924. 

IV 

The Zionists of Chicago claim that this thesis will have to be 
accepted as a basis for a Jewish educational program, otherwise they will 
not participate in any educational work because they do not see any other 
way of realizing their program. There is no sense, the Zionists claim, in 
coming together with groups who are interested in education from an extreme 
point of view; there is no sense in quarreling with them, and then being 
unable to arrive at any conclusion. This is the Zionist reply to the various 
groups that have invited the Zionist organization to send representatives to 
their educational council. The Zionists are interested in everything Jewish, 
but they do not specialize in theology. 






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J3V7ISH 



I A 1 a 

III C Daily Jewish Courier , Jan* 31, 1924, 



IV 



2%/iCHING OF HEBRSV; IS A PROFSSSIONT' 

by 

Dr« S. II, Llelamed 



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The Hebrei*; teachers claim that the reason they are never seen at a Jewish 3. 
gathering and the reason they are never active in Jei'/ish life is that many !*" 
of them are university students, and that they are so busy with their studies ^ 
that they have hardly any time left for other \vork. Vfliat does this mean? o 
It means that we do not have a class of Hebrev/ teachers in Chicago who take ^.^ 
their profession seriously and devote all their energies to it, but instead S 
we have a group of youuo men to whom teachinj is only a means to an end. ^ 
Instead of doing physical work during the da3^, and attendin^j ni(3ht school at 
night, they work a few hours a day at the Talmud Torah so that the:/ can study 
another profession, and as soon as they master that profession, they will give 
up teaching. I do not say that the individu-il has no right to do this but I 
do say that the teaching of Hebre?/ will not be productive if it is only a means 
to an end* The sooner Chicago has Hebrex^ teachers who love their profession 



• II B £ f - 2 - J^''I^ 

'I A 1 a 
' III c Daily Jevri.sh Courier , Jan, 31, 1924, 

IV 

and want to make it their lifework, the better it vdll be for Eebre'.v 

education in Chicago and for Chicuso Jeivry. 



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III C 
17 Daily Je^-jish Courier , Jan. 29, 1924. 

/tj:,] j£..a^ ciiiLDin:!^ hsceits x:;jsh JDua^TiciV^ 

by 

Dr. S. v.. Lie lane d 

It vjas reported at the annual neetino of the ^nited Ze\jlsh7 Charities, 
v'hich took place Sunday exornsj^ -t the hotel Ixi Salle that eleven thousand 
Jev;ish children in Chicaco receive a Jevrish education. .\s far as I hnov/, 
there are tv;enty Talmid L'orahs in Ghica,::p ;;hich have an attendance of three 
thousand five hundred children. Jven if vie assumed that another tl ousand 
children receive a Jev/ish education eitlior in private Jexvish schools or at 
hone, the nunber is still far short of eleven thousand, 'fiie Charities, ^ 
very likely, include ia the eleven thousand the children v;iio attend Sunday g 
school or the services at the .teforn tenple, and you, yourself, laioi: 'vhat kind ^' 
of Jevjish elMcation the children v/ho attend Junday school cet. Only four 
thousand Jev;ish children in Chica.:p out o'£ fifty-one thousand receive a Jov/ish 
education; the rei.-iainin:: forty-seven thousand do not .^eceiv3 a Jei/ish 
education at all, v/hetlxer they attend Sunday school or not. 



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IV Dally Jev/lsh Cou rier^ Jan. 25, 1924. 



ISJOSE 



JjhAT ABOUT OUR HSBHSV; TEACHERS^ 

by 
Dr. S. M. Me lamed 

One hears a great deal about T'aLimd Torahs in Chicatso nowadays, about the 
children v;ho attend, about the necessity of establishing nev; TaLaud Torahs> 
about a new iCducational Council, about the thousands of Je\vish children vAlo 
do not receive a Jev/ish education, and so on, but nothing whatever is heard 
about the teachers in Talmud Torahs. I believe that I know all the Jev/s in 
Chicago who are vjorth knov/ing, but I do not knov/ the Hebrew teachers, with 
the exception of two or three of then. I have some connection with Hebrew 
in Chicago but I do not knov/ the Hebrew teachers of Chicago because tliey are 
never seen at any Jev/ish gathering, because they are not Jev;s who take their 
Judaism seriously. This is a serious accusation but I must liiake it. Only 
three teachers, out of the fifty or sixty Hebrew teachers in Chicago, are 
members of the Zionist organization. To whom should Zionism be more dear than 
to a Hebrew teacher? V/ho should be more interested in general Jewish affairs 






II B 2 f - 2 - JSV/ISH 

III C 

IT Dally Jewish Courier , Jan. 25, 1924 • 

than a Hebrew teacher, whose task it is to educate a generation of Jev/s? VJhy 
don't we see Hebrew teachers at Jewish meetings, at Zionist meetings? Vfliat do 
the Hebrew teachers do v/ith the free time that thejr have? The Hebrew teachers 
owe us a reply to these iiig)ortant questions* If they want us to respect them, 
If they Mant to have any influence, they vdll give up their boycott of everything 
that is actively Jev;ish and will begin to participate in Jev/ish work# 



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II B 2 f JEVJISH 
I B 3 b 

III C Daily Jewish Courier > Jan. 21, 1924* 
IV 

^OEE TALLTJD TORAHS NEEDE^ 

by 

Dr« S. M« Melamed 

There are four thousand Jewish children attending Talmud Torahs in Chicago 
at the present time, and we must see to it that at least sixteen thousand more 
children enter the Talimid Torahs during the next few years. We must build 
new Talmud Torahs because we do not have enough Talmud Torahs to take care '^ 
of such a large number of children. V/e must also train a great many new rj 
Hebrew teachers because there are not enough of them at present to teach so -n 
many children, iinother thing: Many parents do not understand ttie necessity o 
of sending their children to Talmud Torahs. v;e will, therefore, have to l^ 
send the parents to the Talmud Torahs first, so that they can learn ndiat S 
their duties are. V7e also need money to build nev; Talmud Torahs, and, since ^^ 
we do not have any money, we must raise it in order to build those Talmud 
Torahs • 



II B 2 f - 2 - JEWISH 
I B 3 b 

III C Daily Jevdsh Courier , Jan. 21, 1924. 
IV 

To sum up: We have to train Hebrew teachers, we have to build Talmud 
Torahs, and we have to do something to convince the parents that they must 
send their children to Talmud Torahs. Otherwise, everything is all right 
and we have grounds to be proud of the condition of Jewish education in 
Chicago. 



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I B 3 b 

III C Dally Jewish Courier > Jan* 18, 1924 • 
IV 

^CASK OF EDUCATIONAL C0UNCIl7 

by ^ 

Dr# S. M* Melamed ^ 

The 2^ewi3^ Edxicational Coxincil in the city, which should have been C 
formed years ago, but ^ich is only now being organized, faces a great 5§ 
task: to improve the existing Talinad Ttorahs, to organize new Talmud 2 
Torahs, and to iatrDduce a common program for all Talmud Torahs* Its ^ 
first task, hov/ever, shoiild be to put some pressure upon the Jews of 
Chicago to send their children to the Talmud Torahs. This is the most 
important thing of all# We will have Talmud Torahs, we will have teachers, 
and we will have a responsible and productive Educational Co\incil Jpnl^ 
if all Chicago Jews send their children to the Talmud Torahs* As long as 
the Jewish Masses of Chicago are not conscious of their duty to the Talmud 
Torahs, as long as they do not send their children to the Talmud Torahs, 
Just so long will the Educational Council only atteE5)t to improve the existing 
Talmud Tdrahs, and its activity will, naturaUy, be very limited. The 



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II B 2 f 

I B 3 b 

III C Daily Jewish Courier^ Jan# 18, 1924 • 

IV 

Educational Coiincll should inmiediataly begin some intensive 
propaganda work among the nasses in behalf of Jewish education; it must 
be effective propaganda, if the Council \mnts to broaden its activity. 



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V A 2 Daily Jewish Courier , Jan. 16, 1924, 

III C 

III ^ EELIGION AND JUTZ/ISH EDUCATION 

(Editorial) 



JEiVISH 






Religion and Jewish education are not one and the same thing. The Jewish ?: 
children in all the V/estem European countries receive a purely religious C 
education, but they grow up like Gentiles because Judaism is not simply a ^ 
religious attitude* It is much more than religion itself* Judaism is ^ 

religion, ethics, customs, laws, a certain outlook upon life, and a certain ^ 
attitude toward the phenomena of life. The Orthodox Jews of Frankfurt E3 

(Geimany), 1*10 give their children a strictly religious education, and who ^ 
themselves received a strict religious education, practical and theoretical, 
do not have a Jewish outlook upon life; they have a Gentile outlook* The 
pious Frankfurt Jews are a living demonstration of the fact that one can be 
very pious and a thorough assimilator ^t the same time/. 

The Jewish children did not receive a purely religious education even in the 



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Daily Jewish Courier , Jan. 16, 1924. 

old coTintry. In a way, they did not receive a theoretical 
r3li{:ious education at all. They learned everything they knev/ 
aoout Jev/ish relicious life or the Jewish religion not at the Heder or Beth 
I'ledrosh ^lenentary and advanced Hebrew schoolsT" but at home, from their 
parents, and from the Jewish environnent. The children v/ere taught, even ": 
in the most elementary Heder, the Pentateuch with the comments of Rashi, 
which means that they v/ere given the fundamentals of a Hebreiv education. 
Only a fev; of those children went further and studied any advanced material. 
They began to teach the boy the Talmud as soon as he became familiar with i^ 
the Prophets, v;hich means that he v/as taiight literature — lav;, civil and 'r;i 
religious— but he was not taught it as a religious textbook, in the 
pedagogical meaning of the term. The so-called Jev/ish religious education 
was invented by the assimilators v;ho erased from the prayer book the 77ords 
^Zion and Jerusalem," and claimed that Judaism was only a religion, a 
religion that could be reformed, to v/hich one could adapt oneself. 



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V A 2 Daily Jeiyjsh Courier > Jan. 16, 1924* 

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III A 7/hat vie v/ant to bring out is this: The people v/ho claim that 

v;e can give our children a purely religious education are 
either conscious assimilators or they are Jev/s v/ho do not think, who do 
not knov/ v/hat they are talking about. 

The old-fashioned Talnud Torah, \7here the child v/as prepared for Bar Mizvah, 
where religion and nothing else v;as instilled in him, is a purely religious 
institution, and, therefore, an institution that is of little value today. 
This institution had some sense to it in the old country because, after all, 
the child in the old coiintry received his real Jewish education not in the 
Talmud Torah but at home. The old-fashioned, elementary Talnud Torah, v/hich 
seeks to give the child a purely religious education only,, is an absurdity 
in America v/here there is no such thing as a Jewish home, a Jewish family, 
or a Jewish atmosphere in the hone. Viliat sense is there to religious ti.eory 
v/ithout religious practice? The child v;ill be taught one thing at the 
Talmud Torah, but at home, with his parents, he will see something entirely 
different • 



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Daily Jewish Courier > Jan. 16, 1924. 

Hhe Talmud Torah in Anerica must ci'^e "the Jev/ish chxild not only 
a religious but a general Jev/ish education — only in that way 
will he crov; up to be a Jew, v/ith a love for everything that is Jev/ish. 
The Hebrev; language must occupy the most prominent place in such a Talmud 
Torah. If the child knov;s Hebrev/, he will read Kebrev/ boorcs, and if he 
reads Kebrev/ books he v/ill remain a Jev/. If he does not kno;*/ Hebrew, he 
v/ill not read Hebrev/ books, and he v;ill not reriiain a Jew. In ninety-five 
cases out of a hundred, he v;ill become a corrupter of Jev/ish culture. 

There is an educational institution in Chicago v/hich is a terrifying example 
of the uselessness of the old-fashioned, elementary Talmud Torah. At least 
tv/enty thousand children have passed through its doors during the thirty-five 
years of its existence. Had it educated Jews, there would now have been in 
Chicago twenty thousand pious and proud .^miericanized Jews, but there are not 
even a hundred of its former pupils of v/hom v/e have any cause to be proud. 
A fev/ of the pupils of this Talmud Torah somehov: obtained a higher Jev/ish 
education, but the great majority of them are lost to us. This l^lmud Torah 






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V A 2 Daily Jev/ish Courier > Jan. 16, 1924* 

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III A has inplanted in many of them a hatred for Judaism. Had this 

Talmud Torah civen its pupils a general Jev/ish education, v/e 

v/ould have in Chicago today a generation of modern. Orthodox Jews* 

V/e deem it our duty at this time, v/hen an Educational Council is about to ^ 

be organized, to call the attention of the leaders of the city to the -a 

dangers and harm of the so-called purely religious education and to the o 

necessity of a general Jexvish education so that every child who attends a l^ 

Talmud Torah shall remain a Jev;, true to his religion and true to his S 

people. '"^ 



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III C Daily Jev/ish Courier , Jan. 14, 1924. 
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/A STAIB.IHD TYP£ CF H3BHS.; SCIIOOl/ 

by 

Dr. 3. LI. Llelaned 

Chicago must have a standard type of Hebrev; school. This school nust be 
recognized as the standard of a Jewish school in Chicago by all classes of 
Jev/s — Orthodox, Reform, radical, indifferent. The problem of Jewish education 
v/ill never be solved as long as Chicago does not have a standard type of Hebrew 
school. The leaders of the Chicago Jev/ish Charities make a serious mistake 
v;hen they think that Jev/ish schools are needed only by Orthodox Jews. The 
problem of Jewish education is to them synonymous with the problem of the Talmud 
Torahs, and Talmud Torahs mean to them the Orthodox Jei^s. The leaders of the 
Charities must understand, once and for all, that Jev/ish education means general 
Jev/ish education; it does not concern only the Orthodox Jews. The problem must 
be solved from a broad, community'' point of viev/, if it is to be solved at all. 
The Orthodox Jews have a much broader conception of the problem of Jev/ish 






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education than the Reforrii Jews, and they, therefore, demand a solution 
of the educational problem not from an Orthodox point of vieiv, but from a 
general Jewish point of vieiv. They do not want the Charities to do the Orthodoxy 
any favors; they want it to fulfill its duty to the community • If I were the 
official spokesman of the CJhica^o Orthodox^'- at the Chicago Jev/ish Charities, I 
would discuss the problem of education from a purely community point of view. If 
the Charities v/ant to do the Orthodoxy any favors, let it not even attempt to 
solve the problem of education. 



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Daily Je^'/ish Courier , Jan. 15, 1924. 

TtiS EDUCATIONAL PROaRAL'I 

(Editorial in English) 

The leaders of all groups of the coimaunity agree that something radical must -; 
be done to place Jev/ish education in Chicago on a solid footing. Even the 
radical Refonaers agree that the so-called Jewish Sunday School alone is not ';^ 
the proper educational agency. The leaders of the Orthodox comrnunity, on the i" 
other hand, confess that the old-fashioned Talmud Torah is in many instances a ^ 
waste of time and energy, and is not productive of results. The surroundings .' .' 
of the old-fashioned Talmud Torah are surely not conducive to implant in the 
heart of the child a great love for his people and his people's religion* ^.; 
Thousands of graduates of the old-fashioned Talmud Torah, when grov/ing up to ^ 
manhood, are obsessed with the idea that Judaism is only compatible with poverty, 
unsanitary conditions, old and antiquated methods of teaching, and so forth. 



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Daily Jewish Courier > Jan, 13, 1924, 

The real problem of modern Jevjish education in America is the creation of a 
proper medium between the Sunday School and the old-fashioned Talmud Torah, and 
this medium is the modern Hebrev/ school, where sanitary conditions prevail, where 
the teachers are modern men and master their subjects, where Hebrew is taught as 
a living language, and religion is tauglit in a modern form. When the representa- 
tives of the Orthodox community will agree to a reform of the Talmud Torah, and 
the leaders of Reform v;ill agree to a reform of the Sunday School system, and 
v/hen both will agree that the modem Hebrev/ school should emerge as a s^mthesis 
of the two above-B^entioned types of religious schools, then the foundation for ;i^ 
the solution of the educational problem in Chicago will be laid. But as long 
as the Orthodox elements want to perpetuate the old-fashioned Talmud Torah with 
all its shortcomings, and the Reform element continues to cling to the Sunday 
School and identifies any other sort of Jewish education with Orthodoxy, there 
will never be an understanding betvreen both elements. Neither must think of 
denominational and both must think of Jev\rish education, and we believe that both 
can come to an understanding as to the aim and scope of Jewish education v/hen 



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Daily Jewish Courier , Jan, 13, 1924. 

both will admit that Jewish education has not only a reli(^ious but a general 
human value as well. Only upon this assumption can hai^nony be established and 
an understanding reached. 

There is no doubt in our mind as to the willingness of the representatives of 
very influential Orthodox leaders to adiait that Jewish education must not be 
restricted to its religious aspect only, but we doubt v/hether the leaders of 
Reform are ready to go so far, for if they do, they give up part of their 
creed.«»«» 

When the leaders of the United Jewish Charities discuss Jewish education, they 
must not only have the Orthodox element in mind for the children of non-Orthodox 
parents are just as entitled to a decent Jewish education as the Orthodox 
children. Unfortunately, the leaders of the Charities discuss Jev/ish education 
as if it were of concern to the Orthodox element only. Assuming for a moment 
that they are riglrit, the leaders of the Orthodox community might ask them: VJhy 



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Daily Jewish Courier , Jan. 13, 1924, 



should you, Reform representatives, try to dictate to us our educational policies 
and why should you be concerned v/ith the problem of Jevjish education at all? The 
leaders of the Charities could not ansv/er this question. 

We are strongly of the opinion that before an agreement hetvieen both parties 
could be reached, both must make concessions. Both must admit the errors of the 
past and embark upon a nev; policy altogether. The aim and object of this new 
policy must be the establishment of the modern Hebrew school, and the Reformers 
must recognize this school as the only medium of Jei^rish education in Chicago. 

Unless this be done, we can foresee trouble and strife in the community. 



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JE.;i3H 



Daily Jewish Courier, Jan. 9, 1924, 



t;/c i:i::d3 c? jud^isli 



(Editorial) 

On another page of today's Courier , the reader v;ill find a resolution 
adopted at a raeeting called by the Rabbinical Association. The resolution 
stresses the need for an 2ducational Council in the city to stiraulate 
Jewish educational v/ork in Chicar^o, to improve the existing educational 
institutions va.ere they need improvement, and to develop intensive educa- 
tional propaganda among all classes of the Jews in Chicago. 

An Educational Council should have been established long ago, but it is 
not yet too late. The sooner it is founded, the better it will be for 
Jewish education. The educational budget of the coiruaunity has increased 
considerably of late. The Hebrew Theological College alone has a budget 
of seventy thousand dollars a year. This budget v;ill grow from year to 



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year. The charities give forty thousand dollars a year to Jewish 
education. The entire budget is about two hundred thousand dollars a year, 
which means that four-fifths of the budget is covered by individuals. It 
is, therefore, clear that those who be^r the chief burden have not only the 
right, but also the duty of i.^rryinf^ about Je-.vish education and of trying 
to settle the problsn of education in Chicaro satisfactorily. 

The charities can work only with the material they have. If the Jewish 
masses themselves are indifferent to Jewish education, if they themselves 
do not attempt to build jr.ore Thlmud Torahs, better Talmud Torahs, if they 
do not persuade the parents to send their children to Jewish educational 
institutions, then the younf; generation will grow up v/ithout any knowledge 
of the Torah and without any respect for the Torah, and the Chicago 
Orthodoxy, v/hich is today the bulwark of .-American Orthodoxy, v/ill disappear. 

The United Jevash Charities have the organization and the organizational 



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setUT) to regul.ite the institutions already in existence, jind to 
improve them orc^ani nationally and formally, but they cannot create the 
movement v;hich is necessary to solve the educational problem. This move- 
ment must come from the Jewish masses themselves, ./hen the movement 
becomes active, then the task of the charities will be easier. The 
charities must have an organization with whom it is able to work. An 
Educational Council, consisting of representatives from synagogues, 
Ifeilmud Torahs, and the Rabbinical Council, is, therefore, an absolute 
necessity. 

The .^Iducational Council, as a community organization, will also have an- 
other important task to perform, and that is — reintroduce one standard 
for Judaism in Chicago. 

Thousands of .'/est Side Jews have moved, during the past fev/ years, from 
the .'/est Side to the North Side. They have formed neiv congregations in 



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their nev/ coniniunity, or have become inembers of congregations 
already in existence. . ...The co