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Full text of "Who's who in China; biographies of Chinese leaders"

BIOGRAPHIES OF CHINESE 
~ LEADERS 



* 



S K 




FIFTH EDITION 



The contents of this book are copyrighted under regula- 
tions of the Ministry of Interior, National Government 
of China, No. 1302, dated March 16, 1932. The title 
is also trademarked under regulations of the Bureau of 
Trademarks. Nanking, No. 17889, dated April 23, 1932. 



Published by 

THE CHINA WEEKLY REVIEW 

SHANGHAI 



FOREWORD 



This edition of Who's Who in China, fifth to be issued since 1918, contains 
the biographical sketches of more than 1,500 of the best known men and women 
of China. Most of the biographies are accompanied by photographs, a unique 
feature of the book in that similar publications over the world do not contain 
photographs. In order to conserve space and keep the book within convenient 
size the sketches, with few exceptions, have been reduced to standard outline 
form typographically similar to publications. of this type in the West, particularly 
the standard Who's Who in America which now contains more than 30,000 names. 

This volume represents a complete revision of preceding editions, including 
supplements, plus a considerable number of new sketches of persons who 
have come into prominence in the past four or five years. The names 
of several who appeared in preceding editions, but were taken by death, have 
been omitted, — with one notable exception, the late Dr. Sun Yat-sen, founder 
of the Kuomintang and "father" of the Nationalist movement. 

The book, obviously, does not contain all of the prominent men and women 
of China, nation of four hundred million people, one reason being that the 
Chinese, unlike occidentals, generally speaking, dislike submitting their records 
for publication in a book of general circulation. Many persons, particularly 
elderly men and women, widely known for public service, refuse to permit their 
pictures and life-histories to be published. However, more and more particularly 
those of the younger generations, are coming to appreciate the service rendered 
by a book of this character. 

The biographies were obtained from newspaper accounts, official records, directly 
from the individuals themselves or from personal friends. The newspapers 
provide the best source of information regarding persons regarded as suitable 
for inclusion in the book, as practically every edition of every newspaper contains 
names of persons appointed to official or civil position or who have come into 
prominence sufficiently to have their names printed in the papers. Chief officials 
of all provinces, excepting Sinkiang, are included. Gen. Shen Shih-tsai, border 
defense commissioner of Sinkiang, China's most western province, has resisted 
all registered letter appeals for the details of his life for publication. 

Special efforts were exerted to include in this edition all Chinese prominently 
identified with religious activities of all denominations. With few exceptions all 
officials of the National Government have been included. Almost all diplomats 
and leading consular officials abroad have been included. 

Practically all sketches have appeared previously in the pages of The China 
Weekly Review and in this connection it should be stated that publication has 
entailed no obligation on the part of anyone, not even the purchase of a copy 
of this book by those whose biographies appear herein. 

Previous editions have provided a fertile source of information for those who 
are interested in China and its people. In this connection we desire to express 
appreciation for the work of Prof. Herbert D. Lamson, of the University of 
Shanghai, whose class for several years has made a practice of analyzing the 
book from the standpoint of occupations, educational attainments, places of birth, 
percentages to general population, etc. It is our hope that the present volume 
may prove an even more fertile source of information for those who would 
know China and its people. 

Under the heading, "Additional Biographies" there appears in the final pages 
a number of sketches which were received while the volume was in preparation 
and in consequence could not be included in alphabetical order. They are included 
in a separate index. 



WHO'S WHO 
IN CHINA 



W*HO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Z. S. BIEN, banker; born at Chin- 
kiang, Kiangsu ; was graduated from 
Brown University, U.S.A. ; manager 
of the Bank of China, Tientsin and 
Chairman of the Chinese Bankers' 
Association, Tientsin ; address : Tsin 
Chung Li, Derby Road, British Con- 
cession, Tientsin. 



An Ti-sheng 

* i* £. 3= 4 ft 

AN TI-SHENG, merchant; born at 
Hsiangho, Chihli, 1868 ; received his 
education in the old Confucian School ; 
served in the Hanlin Academy, 1902 ; 
made an expectant magistrate in the 
Metropolitan District, 1904 ; director of 
the Commercial Exhibit Hall established 
by the Board of Commerce and was 
made a member of Peking Chamber 
of Commerce, 1905; member of .the 
executive committee of the National 
Exhibition at Nanking, 1910 ; toured 
Japan as a member of the Chinese 
Industrial Party, 1911 ; representative 
of the Metropolitan General Chamber 
of Commerce to attend the National 
Commercial and Industrial Conference 
which resulted in the founding of the 
National Association of the Chambers 
of Commerce ; general secretary of 
the Association's Peking office, 1914 ; 
member of the Metropolitan and Chihli 
Provincial Assembly, 1918 ; participated 
in the boycott movement against 
Japanese goods, 1919 ; representative of 
the Metropolitan District at the Customs 
Tariff Revision Conference at Shanghai, 
1922 ; president of the Metropolitan 
General Chamber of Commerce 1922-24 ; 
he has been greatly interested in the 
study of fine arts and is the inventor of 
the Pao Hua silver enamel and founder 
and owner of many Pao Hua Enamel 
Ware Factories in Peiping ; elected 
Magistrate of Hsiangho, October, 1935. 






Cha Llang-chao 

ft ' |l *'* * * 

CHA LIANG-CHAO, university pro- 
fessor ; native of Chekiang ; born at 
Tientsin, Chihli, 1896; was graduated 
from the Nankai Middle School in 1913 
and the Tsinghua College in 1917 ; went 
to America in 1918, where he attended: 
Grinnel College, Iowa, 1918-19; Uni- 
versity of Chicago, graduating with 
Ph.B. degree in 1920 ; Teachers' College, 
Columbia University, N.Y., receiving 
M.A. degree in 1922 ; upon returning 
to China in 1922, he was appointed 
orofessor of education in the Peking 
National Normal University 1922-24 ; 
lecturer in the Summer School of 
Nankai University, Tientsin, 1923 ; 
director of the institute for the 
application of scientific measurement 
on education under the auspices of 
the National Association for the Ad- 
vancement of Education ; professor of 
education and dean of studies of the 
Association for the Advancement of 
Education 1924 ; he is now professor of 
education in Peiping Government Uni- 
versity ; author of "Survey of Educational 
Tests" ; address : Peiping Government 
University, Peiping. 



Z. S. Bien (Bien Shou-sheng) 



-f # & 



CHAI CHAO-LIN, retired railway 
engineer ; born at Tientsin, Chihli, 
1870 ; studied civil engineering at the 
Peiyang Military School at Tientsin and 
was graduated in 1892, specializing in 
railway engineering; student engineer 
in charge of the construction and 
maintenance works of the Peiping- 
Mukden Railway, 1892-96 ; engaged in 
surveying and supervising the construc- 
tion work of the Lu-Pao section of 
the Peiping-Hankow Railway, 1897-99 ; 
assistant engineer supervising the 
construction and maintenance of ways 
and structure of the Peking-Mukden 
Railway outside the Great Wall, 1900-05 ; 
assistant and later district engineer of 
the Peking-Suiyuan Railway, 1906-16 ; 
chief engineer of the Peking-Suiyuan 
Railway, 1917-20 ; chief engineer of 
the Peking-Hankow-Suiyuan Railway, 
1 1920; consulting engineer of the 



Chai Chao-lln 

ft 4& a $ * # 

Peking-Suiyuan Railway, 1921 ; chief 
engineer of the same Railway, 1921-23 ; 
chief engineer of the northern section 
of the Tientsin-Pukow Railway, 1921-25 ; 
retired in 1928 ; address : 43 Chi An Ta 
Chie, Nan Ssi, Tientsin. 




Chang Cha 

flfc *• * * 4 

CHANG CHA, retired industrialist; 
born at Nantungchow, Kiangsu, 1848 ; 
was educated in the old Confucian 
School ; given the rank of magis- 
trate by the Manchu Government and 
assigned to Kiangsi for official appoint- 
ments, where he served as magistrate 
for Yi-chun and Kwei-chi ; returned to 
Nantung at the request of his brother 
Chang Clien to assist in the manage- 
ment of the Dah San cotton mill ; 
maintained peace and order at Nantung 
during the 1911 Revolution ; since the 
Revolution, he has retired to an 
industrial life and has been connected 
with the following industrial establish- 
ments and schools : vice-president of 
the Dah San cotton mill, Chung Ming 
Dah San cotton mill, Kwong Sung oil 
mill and Fu Sing floor mill; ex- 
managing-director of the following land 
reclamation companies : Dah Yu Tsing 
Co., Dah Yu Co., Dah La Co., Dah 
Fong Co., and Dah Kong Co. ; he is 
now living in retirement at his native 
place. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Tsang Chan-vung (Chang Chan-wen) 

& m x $ at 9f 

TSANG CHAN-VUNG, retired judge ; 
born at Shaohsing, Chekiang, 1869; 
gained his legal education through 
private study; magistrate of the Mixed 
Court in the International Settlement 
of Shanghai, 1920-25 ; was awarded the 
4th Order Chiaho Decoration and 6th 
Order Wenhu Decoration by the former 
Peking Government. 





Chang Ki (Chang Chi) 



C. H. Chang (Chang Cheng-hsueh) 

HtJL * 

C. H. CHANG, lawyer ; born at 
Haining, Chekiang, 1898 ; studied law 
at the law department of the Peiyang 
University, Tientsin and was graduated 
with LL.B. degree in 1920; after teach- 
ing at the Law College of Hangchow 
for one year, he was appointed judge 
of the Shanghai District Cou-t, where 
he served for three years ; procurator 
of the Shanghai District Procuratorate, 
1924 ; in the course of his judicial 
duties, he decided over 1,000 cases, 
many of them involving foreigners 
without extraterritorial status ; re- 
signed from his procuratorship in 1926 
and joined the Comparative Law School 
of China, Shanghai, as member of the 
faculty ; appointed judge of the Shanghai 
Provisional Court in the International 
Settlement (now Shanghai Special 
District Court), 1928-29; he has been 
engaged in private law practice in 
Shanghai since 1930 : address : 160 
Avenue Edward VII, Shanghai. 



CHANG KI, Kuomintang leader and 
revolutionist; born at Tsangchow, 
Hopei (Chihli) ; received his early edu- 
cation at Paoting, Chihli ; went to Japan 
at age of 18, where he studied political 
science and economics at Waseda Univer- 
sity in Tokyo ; while in Japan, he made 
acquaintance with the revolutionary 
leaders including Dr. Sun Yat-sen, 
Hwang Hsin and others ; later at 
Shanghai, he assisted in the publication 
of the Soo Pao advocating revolution 
and openly attacking the Manchui Gov- 
ernment ; when ' his associates of the 
paper were imprisoned by the Manchu 
government, he started another publica- 
tion known as Kuo Min Kung Pao at 
Shanghai ; went to Hunan with Hwang 
Hsin and there founded a school with a 
view to spreading revolutionary ideas ; 
fled to Japan upon failure of his 
attempt and there founded the Hua 
Hsing Huai with a revolutionary 
programme ; while in Japan, he started 
the Min Pao — the official organ of the 
Tung Ming Hui ; travelled to Java 
and the Straits Settlements where he 
established schools for the education of 
Chinese emigrants ; went to France, 
where he assisted in the publication of 
the New Century in Paris ; travelled 
extensively in France, Belgium, Eng- 
land and Switzerland and sojourned at 
Geneva for one year ; returned to China 
in 1911 and was elected member of the 
National Assembly of the Provisional 
Government at Nanking ; elected mem- 
ber of the Senate, 1912 ; upon the 
outbreak of the 2nd Revolution against 
Yuan Shih-kai, he left Peking for 
Shanghai and joined the revolutionary 
forces led by Li Lieh-chun ; went to 
Canton, but soon left there for Japan 
where he remained until 1914 ; re-visited 
France, 1914 ; left France for England 
and then for the United States, 1915 ; 
accompanied Dr. Sun Yat-sen to Can- 
ton in 1917 and there assisted him in 
the organization of the Constitutional 
Government, 1917 ; left Canton with Dr. 
Sun owing to internal discord, 1918 ; 
went to Changsha and there succeeded 
in pursuading the late Tan Yen-kai, 
then Military Governor of Hunan, to 
support the Constitutional Government 
at Canton, 1918 ; revisited Europe 
studying post-war conditions in different 
countries, 1919 ; returned to Canton 
with Dr. Sun, 1921 ; following the coup 
d'etat of Chen Chiung-ming at Canton, 
he left Canton for Shanghai, 1922 ; 
elected member of Central Executive 
Committee of Kuomintang, 1924; was 
instrumental in the conversion of the 



Imperial Palace in Peking Into a 
museum 1924; upon the success of the 
1926 Revolution and establishment of 
the Nationalist Government at Nanking, 
he was appointed member of the Che- 
kiang Division of the Central Political 
Council; member of the joint council 
of the Central Executive Committee 
and Central Supervisory Committee of 
Kuomintang, 1927 ; member of Central 
Political Council and chairman of the 
Peiping Division of the same Council, 
vice-president of the Judical Yuan 1928 ; 
member of the Central Supervisory 
Committee since 1929 ; address : c/o 
Central Party Headquarters, Nanking. 




Gen. Chang Chi-chung 



CHANG CHI-CHUNG, former Com- 
mander of the 5th Army ; born at Tsao 
Hsien, Anhwei, 1891 ; after graduating 
from the Paoting Military College in 
1916, he joined the army service and 
first participated in the National 
Pacification and Constitutional Defence 
Campaigns of the Southern Military 
Government under the late Dr. Sun 
Yat-sen ; later he successively served 
as commander of the Training Corps 
of Whampoa Military Cadets' College ; 
chief of staff to the Headquarters of 
the Garrison Commander of Canton ; 
chief of staff of the 2nd Division of the 
Revolutionary Army ; director of the 
Adjutants' Office of the Commander-in- 
Chief's Headquarters of the Revolution- 
ary Army ; Dean of the Wuhan Branch 
of the Central Military and Political 
Academy ; director of the training 
department of the Commander-in-Chief's 
Headquarters ; was commissioned abroad 
by the National Government to study 
political and economic conditions and 
visited the leading countries in Europe 
and America and also Japan on 
return to ' China ; since return in 
1928, he has served as director of the 
Military Administration Department of 
the Military Council ; director of 
training department and later Dean of 
the Central Military Academy ; he was 
appointed concurrently Director of the 
Field Headquarters of the Commander- 
in-Chief at Wuhan, Commander of the 
2nd Training Division ; after the out- 
break of the Sino-Japanese hostilities 
in Shanghai, 1932, he was appointed 
Commander of the 6th Army and 
concurrently Commander of the 87th 
Division which opposed the Japanese 
troops at Kiangwanchen and Miaohang- 
chen ; after conclusion of the war, he 
returned to his post as Dean of Central 
Military Academy at Nanking; in 1988 
he was appointed Commander of the 4th 
Route Army of the Northern sector of 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



the Bandit-suppression Forces of Hunan, 
Hupeh, Fukien, Kiangsi and Kwangtung j 
after the conclusion of the campaigns, 
he returned to the same post (Dean 
of CM. A.) ; address: Central Military 
Academy, Nanking. 




Chang Chi.fang 

$, fr # % # *f 
CHANG CHI-FANG, retired govern- 
ment official ; born at Ka-ping, Liaoning, 
1893 ; was graduated from the depart- 
ment of political science of the Chun 
Kuo University, Peking; pursued 
further studies in the University of 
California and also in the Graduate 
School of Illinois University ; served as 
professor at serveral universities in 
Peiping; editor of the Commercial 
Press ; dean of the law department of 
the Northeastern University, Mukden ; 
private secretary to General Chang 
Hsiao-liang ; head of the bureau of 
social affairs of Tientsin Municipality; 
acting Mayor of Tientsin Municipality ; 
translator of "The American Municipal 
Government." 



Chang Chl-ping 

fc * * 

CHANG CHI-PING, fiction writer; 
born at Meihsien, Kwangtung, 1895 ; 
graduate of the Japanese Imperial 
University with degree of Rigakushi ; 
professor of mineralogy at National 
Wuchang Normal University (now, 
Wuhan University) ; professor of 
literature at China National Institute 
and Great China University, Shanghai ; 
lecturer on Chinese literature at Chinan 
University, Shanghai ; a fiction writer 
of prominence ; author of several books 
on geology and mineralogy and of 
fiction and short stories ; address : 
Likagok, Chengju, Shanghai. 




Chang Kla-ngau Chana Chia-ao) 



^ A 



& ',v 



to 1917 ; Vice-Governor of the Bank 
from 1917 to 1928 ; Managing Director 
of the Bank, 1928-35 ; Deputy Governor 
of the Central Bank of China, 1935, 
and concurrently Managing Director of 
the Central Trust Bureau of the same 
Bank ; appointed Minister of Railways, 
December 1935 ; address : Ministry of 
Railways, Nanking. 



various countries in Europe, lecturing 
on Chinese philosophy, 1930 ; now, 
advisor to the Kwangsi Provincial 
Government, 1935; he is an authority 
on constitutional law and author of 
]]Draft for the Chinese Constitution" ; 
"Social Democracy in New Germany" 
and several other books ; last known 
address: 37 Moulmein Road, Shanghai. 




CHANG KIA-NGAU, banker; born 
at Paoehan, Kiangsu, 1888 ; attended 
the foreign language school in the 
Kiangnan Arsenal in Shanghai, the 
High Technical School in Peking and 
the Keio University in Japan, studying 
economics ; after his return to China he 
joined the Imperial Board of Communi- 
cations as a senior clerk, then as the 
chief -editor of the Gazette of the Board ; 
Secretary to the Military Governor of 
Chekiang, 1912; Chief Secretary of the 
Senate, 1913; joined the Bank of China 
after the dissolution of the Parliament 
by Yuan Shih-kai ; Sub-manager of the 
Shanghai Office of this Bank from 1913 




Carson Chang r Chang Chla-sheng) 
fc A & $ & %h 
CARSON CHANG, jurist, author and 
lecturer; born at Paoshan, Kiangsu, 
1886 ; received his Middle School 
education at the Institute of Modern 
Languages, Shanghai ; studied political 
science at the Waseda University, 
Tokyo, Japan, graduating in 1909 ; 
passed the imperial examinations for 
the returned students and was 
given the degree of Hanlin Compiler ; 
editor-in-chief of the Peking-Tientsin 
Shih Poo, Tientsin, 1911 ; secretary of 
the Ministry of Industry and Commerce, 
1912 ; editor of the Young Nation and 
associate editor of the Justice; studied 
in Berlin University, Germany, 1913-15 ; 
did intensive research work in political 
science in England, 1915-16 ; Com- 
missioner of Foreign Affairs for 
Chekiang at Hangchow, 1916 ; general- 
manager of China Times in Shanghai, 
which position be held for a con- 
siderable time; President of the 
Institute of Self -Government at Woo- 
sung, Shanghai 1925; he toured the 



Henry K. Chang (Chang Chien) 

ft. 1& 

HENRY K. CHANG, Diplomatic 
Service; born at Hsinhui, Kwangtung 
in 1888 ; studied in Europe, 1900-03 ; 
went to America and studied at De 
Lancey School, Philadelphia, 1903-04 ; 
he was graduated from Washington 
High School in 1905 ; studied at Wharton 
School, University of Pennsylvania, 
1906 ; was graduated from the law 
school of the University of Pennsylvania 
with LL.B. degree in 1909 ; returned to 
China in 1909 and passed the Govern- 
ment examinations and received the 
degree of Chu Jen (M.A.) the same 
year ; honorary secretary of the Chinese 
Legation, Washington, D.C., 1910-13 ; 
chief secretary to the Chinese Educa- 
tional Mission to the United States, 
1910 ; special attache to the Chinese 
Mission to Mexico, 1911 ; returned to 
China in 1914 and was associated with 
various business and banking institu- 
tions in Tientsin ; adviser to the 
Provincial Government of Chihli, 1925 ; 
deputy councillor of the Ministry of 
Finance, 1927; elected councillor of the 
British Municipal Council of Tientsin, 
1929; appointed Consul General at San 
Francisco, 1929; received Honorary 
Doctor Degree from the University of 
Southern California, 1930 ; given the 
rank of Minister Plenipotentiary, 1931 ; 
Consul General at New York, 1931 ; 
Charge d'Affaires at Santiago, 1932 : 
appointed Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Chile, 1933 ; 
member of various Masonic and Scottish 
Rites Bodies and of Islam Temple ; 
member of the Manhattan Club, Army 
and Navy Club, Lawyers' Club and 
Lotus Club ; address : Chinese Legation, 
Santiago, Chile. 



CHANG CHIH-KIANG, Government 
official: born at Yuenshanhsien, Chihli 
in 1881 : after serving in various 
branches of the army in the North, he 
was appointed Military Governor of 
Charhar and later Tupan of the 
Northwestern Frontier Defence; when 
Feng Yu-hsiang retired from the Kuo- 
minchun, he assumed command of the 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Provinces Chambers of Commerce 
Association ; Chairman of the National 
Chamber of Commerce Association ; 
managing director of the Mukden 
Hailung Railway ; last known address : 
Head Office, Mukden-Hailung Railway, I 
Mukden, Liaoning. 



Chang Chih-kiang 

5fc *. ix. 

Army and was largely responsible for 
the masterly retreat from Kalgan across 
Mongolia into Kansu and Shensi ; served 
as Inspector-General for Honan, Shensi 
and Kansu provinces and later had 
charge of the Bandit Suppression 
Forces in Honan ; following the 
reorganization of the Nationalist 
Government in 1927, he was made a 
member of the Military Council, which 
position he held till the latter part of 
1928 ; during the Northern Expedition, 
he was appointed Chief-of-Staff of the 
Revolutionary Army ; following the or- 
ganization of the National Opium 
Suppression Committee on August 20, 
1929, he was appointed Chairman; 
Bandit Suppression Commissioner for 
Kiangsu with Headquarters at Yang- 
chow, Northern Kiangsu, 1930-31 ; 
President of the National Physical 
Culture Institute and Counsellor of the 
Military Advisory Council, 1932 to the 
present ; address : Military Advisory 
Council, National Government, Nanking. 



, 





Chang Chih-pen 

5fc -* ^ f: fll iu 

CHANG CHIH-PEN, Government 
official ; born at Kiang-lin, Hupeh ; 
after graduating from the Liang-Hu 
University at Wuchang (University of 
Hunan and Hupeh), he went to Japan, 
where he studied law at the Law College 
of the Imperial University in Tokyo ; 
upon his return to China, he was 
appointed commissioner of justice of 
Hupeh ; president of the Hupeh Law 
College ; member of the Central Execu- 
tive Committee of Kuomintang in 1924 
(being an old Kuomintang member) ; 
Chairman of the Hupeh Provincial 
Government and concurrently member 
of the Wuhan Division of the Central 
Political Council of the Nationalist 
Government, 1927-28 ; participated in 
the Northern Military Coalition at 
Peiping, 1930 ; Vice-Chairman of the 
Constitution Drafting Committee and 
member of the Legislative Yuan, since 
1933 ; address : c/o Legislative Yuan, 
Nanking. 



Chang Tze-liang (Chang Chih-liang) 

* it JL 

CHANG TZE-LIANG, railway official ; 
born at Mukden, Fengtien in 1878 ; 
«ntered business when young and became 
proprietor of several large firms ; he 
served for many years as chairman of 
the Chamber of Commerce, Mukden ; 
chairman of the Three Northeastern 



Chang Chili-tan 
fe & 5* ^ 4. 46 

CHANG CHIH-TAN, official. De- 
ceased (1883-1935). 
(See Page 7, 4th Edition). 



C. Y. Chang (Chang Chih-Yao) 

ft # A £ M & 

C. Y. CHANG, Government official; 
born at Poyang, Kiangsi, 1894 ; received 
his advanced education in science in 
America and was graduated from 
Cornell and Ohio Universities, with 
M.A. and Ph.D. degrees respectively ; 
senior technical expert to the Ministry 
of Industry and concurrently director of 
the chemistry department of the Central 
Industrial Laboratory at Nanking, since 
1930 ; address : Ministry of Industry, 
Nanking. 



Chang Chlng-hui 

Sfc "I: & $ * JL 
CHANG CHING-HUI, See Page 9, 
4th Edition or Page 130, 4th edition 
supplement). 




Chang Kin-Fan (Chang Chin-Fen) 
ft* &$ & A 
CHANG KIN-FAN, railway and 
mining engineer; born at Taipu, 
Kwangtung, 1890; studied at Tsing- 
hua College at Peking ; Colorado 
School of Mines, Colorado, U.S.A., 
1911-13; Lehigh University, 1913-15, 
graduating with M.E. degree ; also took 
course at the Armour Institute of 
Technology ; returned to China in 1915 ; 
surveyor and engineer of the Light 
Railway Company, Chaochow, Kwang- 
tung 1915-16; assistant engineer of the 
Kiutung Antimony Company, Hunan, 
1916-17 ; prospecting engineer for 
private interests along the Yangtsze 
River, 1918 ; chief engineer an 3 mana- 
ger of the mines of the Liuchang Coal 
Mining and Railroad Company, Chin- 
wangtao, since 1918 ; last known 
address ; care of Liuchang Coal Mining 
and Railroad Co., Chinwangtao. 




L* 



i 



Chang Ching-Kiang 

%t # ?x $ a. m 



CHANG CHING-KIANG, Govern- 
ment official and revolutionary leader ; 
born at Nanzing in Wuhsing, Chekiang ; 
he came from a family well-known for its 
wealth, whose members had been great 
traders in silks and curios in Europe 
and Amercia in the closing days of the 
Ching dynasty ; met Dr. Sun Yat-sen 
in Shanghai and joined the revolu- 
tionary cause, for which he contributed 
all his family inheritance; after the 
success of the 1911 Revolution, he 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



joined Dr. Sun's Provisional Govern- 
ment at Nanking, but did not accept 
any political appointment ; was pro- 
scribed by Yuan Shih-kai for his 
anti-monarchy movement and fled to 
France ; while in France, he opened a 
store dealing in Chinese curios and also 
established a Chinese bean-curd factory, 
of which Chu Min-yi (now member of 
the Central Executive Committee of the 
Kuomintang) was the manager; when 
Dr. Sun was in need of funds for his 
revolutionary movements he sold his 
business in France and contributed all 
its proceeds to the revolutionary cause ; 
upon returning to China, he took up 
his residence in Shanghai and in- 
terested himself in cotton exchange and 
gold-bar exchange business in Shanghai 
in or,der to raise more funds for the 
Revolution ; went to Canton in 1925 and 
was elected member of the Central 
Executive Committee of Kuomintang ; 
when Chiang Kai-shek launched his 
Northern Punitive Expedition in 1926, 
he accompanied him to Wuhan and 
Kiukiang, but after the split of the 
Wuhan and . Nanking factions he 
retired for a short time ; when the 
Nanking Government was established 
by General Chiang Kai-shek, he was 
invited to join it ; member of the 
Central Executive and Supervisory 
Committees of KuoVnintang ; member 
and chairman of the Chekiang Pro- 
vincial Government, 1928-30 ; chairman 
of the National Reconstruction Com- 
mission, since 1930 ; address : National 
Reconstruction Commission, Nanking. 



Chang Ching-yao 

at *t £ 3= ■& ft 

CHANG CHING-YAO, army officer. 
Deceased (1881-1934). Assassinated at 
Peiping. 
(See Page 10, 4th Edition). 




and was appointed sub-auditor in 
charge of Harbin Office of Government 
Salt Administration the following 
year ; eventually he turned to banking 
and in 1921 went to Tsingtao to estab- 
lish a branch office of the Ming Hwa 
Commercial and Savings Bank ; elected 
General Manager of the Bank in 1929 
with head office at Shanghai ; the bank 
became bankrupt in May of 1935 and 
was closed ; recognized authority on 
numismatics ; author : "A Sketch on 
Hsien Feng Coins," etc. ; address : Min 
Hwa Commercial and Savings Bank, 
Tsingtao. 



K. P. Chang (Chang Chiung-Pal) 
flt ft fa 

K. P. CHANG, banker; born at 
Ningpo, Chekiang in 1885 ; received his 
B. Comm. degree from Nanyang 
University in 1907 ; went to Japan for 
further study in the same year ; started 
his career as an educator, teaching 
English, banking and economics at 
Chekiang Provincial College and Che- 
kiang Military Academy at Hangchow, 
and Chekiang 4th Middle School and 
Ningpo School of Commerce at Ningpo. 
1909-17; entered political field and 
became Secretary to the Currency 
Bureau of Ministry of Finance in 1918 




Chang Chiung-Sun (Chang Chiung-shen) 

9t *£. 

CHANG CHIUNG-SUN, journalist, 
born at Yihsien, Shantung, 1889 ; after 
receiving his education at home, he 
entered newspaper work and obtained 
his journalistic training at Peking 
during the closing years of the 
Ching Dynasty ; in 1913 after estab- 
lishment of the Republic, he became 
editor of the Asia Magazine in M'kden 
and soon later joined the staff of the 
Far Eastern Daily at Dairen and 
Shengking Times at Mukden ; in 1918, 
he established his own paper, Interna- 
tional United Press, taking charge of 
the editorial column himself and 
devoting the paper to discussion of 
Chinese problems vis-a-vis Japan and 
Bussia ; under his management and 
direction, the paper has made rapid 
progress and its circulation has now 
reached the figure of 7,000 copies ; he 
is author of the following books : 
"Soviet Russia and Its Far Eastern 
Diplomatic Policy ;" "The Manchurian 
and Mongolian Problems Amidst 
National Disaster ;" "The Five- Year 
Economic Plan of Soviet Russia;" "A 
Study of the International Relations of 
Pacific States," and "The Problem of 
Chinese Eastern Railway" ; address : 
International United Press, Tientsin. 




T. B. Chang (Chang Chu-Pin) 
J|L4* *f 

managing director of the Shun Shih 
News Agency, only agency supplying 
telegram service to different newspapers 
in China and abroad ; he resigned from 
the above four posts in May 1935 ; 
president of the Consolidated National 
Advertising Co. ; president of the Con- 
solidated Coupon Co., Ltd. ; director of 
the Great China University, Shanghai ; 
married in Shanghai, June 22, 1912 ; 
one son, Pao An, and three daughters 
Esther, Hilda, and Amy ; address : 263 
Route Dupleix, Shanghai. 



T. B. CHANG, retired newspaper 
executive ; born on February 21, 1885, 
at Tai Chang Hsien, . Kiangsu ; attended 
Chants Academy, Shanghai, and entered 
St. John's University, Shanghai, but 
left school in 1911 to join the staff of 
the Shun Pao, and subsequently became 
manager until 1932 ; managing director 
of the China Times, an influential 
Chinese daily paper ; chief executive of 
the China Press, English language daily, 
incorporated in Delaware, U.S.A. ; 
managing director of the Ta Wan 
Pao (China Evening News) Chinese 
evening daily of the largest circulation ; 




Chang Chun 

at* * -a-? 

CHANG CHUN, Government official; 
born in Szechuen, 1888 ; attended the 
Paoting Military Academy ; later went 
to Jap: n and attended the Japanese 
Military Officers' Academy in Tokyo; 
while in Japan, he became affiliated 
with the Chinese students' revolutionary 
party in that country ; returned to 
China in 1910 in company with Chiang 
Kai-shek who was then also studying 
in Japan ; during the 1911 Revolution, 
he again in company with Chiang 
Kai-shek joined Chen Chi-mei (then 
Military Governor of Shanghai) and was 
made head of the arsenal department ; 
participated in the movement against 
Yuan Shih-kai serving in the artillery 
department ; after the defeat of Chen 
Chi-mei, his arrest was ordered by 
Yuan Shih-kai, but he escaped to 
Japan and later went to the Dutch 
East Indies ; returned to China in 1916 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



and became a staff officer in Chekiang 
Army; member of the Revolutionary 
Government at Canton, 1917-18 ; chief 
police official in Szechuen, 1920 ; joined 
Feng Yu-hsiang's army in his war 
against Wu Pei-fu and was made chief 
of Honan provincial police, 1922 ; upon 
the defeat of the Kuominchun, he went 
to Kwangtang and there joined the 
Northern Punitive Expedition in 1926 ; 
following the occupation of Nanking in 
the spring of 1927, he was appointed 
chief adviser to General Chiang Kai- 
shek and also appointed member of 
the military council of the Nationalist 
Government ; vice-Minister of Military 
Administration, Nanking and concur- 
rently director-general of Shanghai 
Arsenal, 1928 ; elected member of the 
Central Executive Committee of Kuo- 
mintang, 1929 ; Mayor of the Shanghai 
Municipality, 1929-31 ; Chairman of the 
Hupeh Provincial Government 1933-35 ; 
appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs, 
Dec. 1935 ; address : Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, Nanking. 



regiment covered the withdrawal of the 
Army in Kiangwan ; after the army 
was transferred to Fukien following the 
conclusion of the War, he was pro- 
moted Commander of 156th Brigade of 
the 78th Division, succeeding the well- 
known defender of Woosung, General 
Oung Chao-wan ; when the Fukien 
Independence Movement broke out in 
1934, he was made an Army Comman- 
der, but after the collapse of the 
Movement, he was relieved of his 
duties and came to Nanking to enter 
the Central Military College for further 
training ; address : Central Military 
College, Nanking. 




Lt.-Gen. Chang Chun-sung 



fcj£$tj 



LT.-GEN. CHANG CHUN-SUNG, 

army officer ; born at Hopoo district, 
Kwangtung, 1898 ; graduate of the 
1st Class of the Whampoa Military 
Academy ; first served as a battalion 
commander under General Chen Chi- 
tang (then Commander of Kwangtung 
11th Division) and participated in 
the campaign against General Chen 
Chiun-ming in the East River region ; 
for this service, he was promoted a 
regimental commander of the Canton 
Garrison Force; joined the 19th Route 
Army in Kiangsi in 1930 and com- 
manded the 6th Regiment of 78th 
Division of the Army ; when the 19th 
Route Army was transferred from 
Kiangsi to Shanghai-Nanking Area, he 
was assigned the garrison of Chapei in 
Shanghai with headquarters T ear the 
Shanghai North Railway Station ; upon 
the outbreak of Japanese hostilities in 
Shanghai on January 28, 1932, he was 
the first officer in the Army to offer 
active resistance and fought against 
the Japanese marines for the first 
week, successfully holding the Japanese 
advance in check ; owing to the heavy 
casualties suffered by his regiment 
during the severe engagements, his 
regiment was transferred to the rear 
for rest and reorganization but was 
again sent to the Kiangwan front where 
he effectively blocked the Japanese 
advance and inflicted heavy casualties 
on them on several occasions ; when the 
main body of the 19th Route Army 
retired from Shanghai to Soochow, his 




Chang Fah-kwal (Chang Fa-kwel) 

*** 

GEN. CHANG FAH-KWEI, former 
Commander of the famous "Iron sides" ; 
born at Shihsing District, Kwangtung, 
1896 ; received his training at the Hupeh 
Military School ; started his career as 
a battalion commander of the Guards 
Regiment of the Generalissimo's Head- 
quarters at Canton ; served in Kwang- 
tung Provincial Army as a regimental 
commander and later a brigadier com- 
mander ; played important role during 
the Northern Punitive Expedition of 
1926 and was successively Commander 
of the 12th Nationalist Division, Com- 
mander of the 4th Army (which is 
generally known in China as "The 
Ironsides") ; and Commander-in-Chief 
of the 2nd Group Army ; now, member 
of the Central Supervisory Committee 
of the Kuomintang ; he toured Europe 
and America during the past several 
years studying political and military 
conditions and just recently returned to 
China ; address : c/o Central Supervisory 
Committee, Central Party Headquarters, 
Nanking. 



CHANG FANG, Government official ; 
born at Hsing An district, Honan, 1886 ; 
received his training at the Paoting 
Military Academy in Chihli ; following 
graduation, he entered army service and 
took active part in the 1911 Revolution, 
being appointed commander of the 
eastern route of the Revolutionary 
Army, defeating the Manchu Forces at 
the decisive battle at Han Kuo Kwan ; 
in 1912, he was appointed Commander 
of the 2nd Division of the Shensi Army 
and later Garrison Commander of Han 
Chung District in Shensi ; in 1917, he 
was appointed Commander of the Shensi 
Expeditionary Army and in 1918, was 
promoted vice Commander-in-Chief of 




Chang Fang 

& m 

the National Pacification Army ; in 
1922, he retired from military service 
and organised The Ming Seng Mining 
Company in Honan ; in 1928, he was 
appointed Commissioner of Reconstruc- 
tion of Honan and for a time was 
acting Chairman of Honan Provincial 
Government; in 1930, when Honan 
Provincial Government was removed to 
Kwei Teh, he was re-appointed acting 
Chairman and concurrently Field-Com- 
mander of the 20th Route Army of the 
Expeditionary Forces ; after the collapse 
of the Northern Military Coalition in 
October 1930, he was re-appointed Com- 
missioner of Reconstruction of Honan 
Provincial Government and concurrently 
Chairman of the Honan Provincial 
Famine Relief Committee, while still 
retaining his military posts ; now 
member of the Honan Provincial Gov- 
ernment and concurrently Commander 
of the 76th Division ; address : Honan 
Provincial Government, Kaifeng, Honan. 




Chang Fang-ting 

%. 4. * 
CHANG FENG-TING, business man : 
born at Yehhsien, Shantung, 1888 ; 
received his education in his home 
province ; after a long business career 
in Harbin, he was elected president of 
the Chamber of Commerce of Harbin and 
chairman of the executive committee 
of Harbin shipping society ; managing- 
director of Harbin Brewery and Harbin 
Leather Works ; also owner of flour 
mills in Harbin ; address : c/o Harbin 
Chamber of Commerce, Harfcin. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Chang Fu-liang 

Sfc. i% jl 

CHANG FU-LIANG, rural worker; 
born at Shanghai, March 9, 1889, 
received his preliminary education at 
St. John's University, 1903-09; went 
to America in the first group of 
Indemnity students in 1909; Ph.B. 
degree from Yale University, 1918; 
M.F. degree, 1915 ; professor of botany 
and forestry at Yale-in-China College, 
Changsha, 1915-21 ; holder of a graduate 
scholarship at Harvard University in 
Chinese dendrology and landscape 
architecture, 1921-22; professor at 
Yale-in-China College and dean of the 
Middle School department, 1922-26 ; 
post-graduate student in agriculture at 
the University of Georgia with M.S. A. 
degree, 1927 ; made an extensive field 
study on China's rural conditions 
1927-29 ; he is at present rural secretary 
of the National Christian Council of 
China ; author of "The Christian Rural 
Movement" ; address : National Chris- 
tian Council, 2a Yuen Ming Yuen Road, 
Shanghai. 




Chang Fu-yun 

at « * ^ t* *. 

CHANG FU-YUN, Government offi- 
cial ; born at Fu Shan Hsien, Shantung 
in 1890; studied at Shih Yi Academy, 
Chefoo and Tsinghua College, Peking 
after which he went to America and 
entered Harvard University ; received 
his A.B. degree (cum laude), 1914 and 
LL.B. degree from Harvard Law School, 



1917; returned to China in 1918 and 
joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 
and also lectured on international law 
at Peking Government University ; 
secretary to the Chinese High Com- 
mission in Siberia, 1919-20 ; secretary 
to the Chinese delegation to the 
Washington Conference, 1921 ; director 
of the marine department, Ministry of 
Communications, 1922-23 drafting the 
marine laws of China ; president of the 
University of Communications, Peking, 
1923 ; director of the Customs depart- 
ment in the Ministry of Finance of the 
Nationalist Government, Hankow, 1927 ; 
reappointed director of the Customs 
Administration and concurrently chair- 
man of the National Tariff Commission, 
1928, from which position he resigned 
in 1932 ; now member of the Advisory 
Committee of the National Economic 
Council ; address : National Economic 
Council, Nanking. 



Gen. Chan Hsi-chien 
Ifc #" % 

GEN. CHANG HSI-CHIEN, Govern- 
ment official ; born at Chengtu, Szechuan ; 
was graduated from the Japanese Mili- 
tary Officers' College at Tokyo ; entered 
army service after return to China ; 
served as Chief-of-Staff to 24th Army 
of Nationalist Revolutionary Forces, 
1927 ; appointed Director of the Bureau 
of Ceremonies of the National Govern- 
ment, 1928, which post he has since 
retained ; address : Bureau of Ceremonies, 
National Government, Nanking. 



Chang Hsi-yuan 
%t % 7u % lft fc, 

CHANG HSI-YUAN, army officer. 
(See Page 13, 4th Edition). 




Gen. Chang Hsiang 

«t H 3F ** % 
GEN. CHANG HSIANG, retired army 
officer ; born at Minghou, Fukien ; 
graduate of Peking Military Cadets' 
College and Paoting Military Officers' 
College ; participated in the First 
Revolution, 1911 ; was proscribed by 
Yuan Shih-kai for his activities against 
his Monarchical Movement ; during the 
Northern Punitive Expedition in 1926, 
he served as a staff officer in the 
8th Army and concurrently chief of 
operations section of the Army's Field- 
Headquarters ; after the capture of 
Wuchang by the Nationalists, was 
appointed director of Hankow Office of 



Wuhan Garrison Headquarters ; rendered 
valuable service in the retrocession of 
the British Concession at Hankow and 
suppressed disturbances in the area ; 
Chief of Staff Office of the 11th Army; 
went to Nanking after collapse of 
Wuhan Nationalist Government and 
became a department director in the 
Central Military Academy ; re-joined the 
11th Army to follow its march back 
from Kiangsi to Kwangtung ; Com- 
mander of 7th Brigade of 61st Division ; 
upon reorganization of the Army into 
61st Division, he remained as Chief of 
Staff to the Division ; participated in 
the Battle of Tsinan against the 
Northern Military Coalition, 1930 ; Chief 
of Staff to the Headquarters of the 
Government Right Wing Army for the 
suppression of Communists in Kiangsi, 
1931 ; upon transfer of the 19th Route 
Army from Kiangsi to Shanghai- 
Nanking Area, he was appointed a 
staff officer with rank of Major-General, 
in the Headquarters of the Garrison 
Commander of Shanghai and Nanking ; 
shortly after, appointed Chief of Staff 
of the Garrison Headquarters : upon 
the outbreak of Japanese Hostilities in 
Shanghai on Jan. 28, 1932, he took 
active part in the armed resistance 
against the Japanese invaders ; during 
the continuance of the War, he ren- 
dered great service in staff work and 
assisted the Defense Force in many 
ways, thus enabling the 19th Route 
Army to resist the Japanese for more 
than a month ; he is now living in 
retirement in Shanghai. 




Ziang-ling Chang (Chang Hsiang-ling) 

a. # m 

ZIANG-LING CHANG, Government 
official ; born at Shanghai, Kiangsu, 
1891 ; studied at St. John's University, 
Shanghai ; Columbia University, U.S.A. ; 
associate editor of the Peking Daily 
News, 1P13-15 ; sub-editor of the China 
Republician, Shanghai, 1913 ; assistant 
secretary of Government Commission 
on political affairs, Peking, 1916 ; 
member of the advisory Council on 
diplomatic affairs, Peking, 1919-20 ; 
associate secretary of the Ministry of 
Communications, 1919-21 ; associate 
councillor of the Ministry of Interior, 
1920 ; acting bureau director and 
associate secretary of Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, Peking, 1920-21 ; 
secretary to the Prime Minister and 
the Cabinet, 1916-21 ; Chinese Consul- 
General at New York, 1922 ; depart- 
mental chief and secretary of the 
Chinese Delegation to the Washington 
Conference, 1921-22 ; Commissioner- 
General representing China at the 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



Sesqui-Centennial .International Exposi- 
tion at Philadelphia, Pa., 1926; director 
of general administration of the 
Bureau of Industrial and Commercial 
Information, Ministry of Industry, 
Commerce and Labor, 1928 ; Delegate 
to the Amsterdam Conference of the 
International Chamber of Commerce, 
1929 ; Delegate to the International 
Labor Conference, League of Nations, 
Geneva, 1931 ; Director General of the 
Department of Intelligence and Public- 
ity, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 
Nanking, 1931 ; Director of General 
Affairs and concurrently Director of 
Publicity Department, Chinese Asses- 
sor's Office attached to Commission of 
Inquiry of the League of Nations under 
Lord Lytton in China, 1932 ; Director 
of Department of Exposition Affairs 
of the Chinese Government Commission 
for participation at A Century of 
Progress International Exposition in 
Chicago, Shanghai, 1933 ; Chief Delegate 
representing the Chinese Exhibitors' 
Association in charge of the Chinese 
participation at the Chicago World's 
Fair both in 1933 and 1934, holding the 
rank of Counsellor of the Ministry of 
Industry ; address : c/o Ministry of 
Industry, Nanking. 



Chang Hsiang-wen 

CHANG HSIANG-WEN, retired M.P. 
(See Page 14, 4th Edition). 



Chang Hsiao-jo 
3k % & 

CHANG HSIAO-JO, industrialist. 
Deceased (1896-1935). 
(See Page 14, 4th Edition). 




Chang Hsiao-lianq (Chang Hsueh-liang) 

at * k % m v? 

CHANG HSIAO-LIANG, army officer ; 
born at Hai-chen, Liaoning, 1898; 
eldest son of the late Chang Tso-lin^ 
was graduated from the Military 
Training Academy of the Three 
Eastern Provinces ; joined the army 
at age of 19 ; commander of the body 
guards of the Tuchun of Fengtien 
(then his father Chang Tso-lin) with 
the rank of colonel, 1919; aide-de-camp 
to President Hsu Shih-chang, 1920 : 
commander of the 3rd Fengtien mixed 
brigade, 1920 and participated in the 
Anfu-Chihli War, defeating the Anfu 



troops at Hsiao-Chan, Chihli; made a 
brigader-general by the Peking Go- 
vernment, Nov. 1920; was sent to 
Japan by his father to witness the 
Autumn manoeuvers and to study mili- 
tary affairs 1921 ; introduced reforms 
in the Fengtien Army upon his return 
from Japan ; took active part in the 
first Chihli-Fengtien War in 1922 and 
was appointed commander of the 2nd 
Fengtien Army after . the war ; con- 
currently, he also served as principal of 
the Military Training Academy of the 
Three Eastern Provinces, 1922 ; upon the 
outbreak of the 2nd Chihli-Fengtien War 
in 1924, he was promoted Commander 
of the 1st Fengtien Army and rendered 
exceptional services in the fighting 
in the vicinity of the Great Wall ; 
appointed special delegate by his 
father and the then Provisional Chief 
Executive Tuan Chih-jui to the South 
to assist in the final reorganization of 
political affairs in the Lower Yangtsze 
Valley, and held the concurrent posi- 
tion as Superintendent of Peking War 
College, 1925 ; commander of the 3rd 
Fengtien Army, 1926; after the demise 
of his father in 1928, he was elected 
Commander-in-Chief for the preserva- 
tion of peace in the Three Eastern 
Provinces and Chancellor of North- 
Eastern University; made a member 
of the State Council of the Nationalist 
Government and Chirman of North- 
Eastern Political Council, 1928; Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the Northeastern 
Frontier Defence and had supreme 
command of the defence forces during 
the Sino-Russian War in North 
Manchuria, 1929 ; undertook armed 
intervention in the North China 
military situation on behalf of the 
interests of the National Government 
and was largely responsible for the 
collapse of the Northern Military Coali- 
tion Government of Feng Yu-hsiang, 
Yen Hsi-shan and Wang Ching-wei at 
Peiping, 1930; in recognition of his 
meritorious services in restoring peace 
in North China, he was promoted 
vice-Commander-in-Chief of the Nation- 
al Army, Navy and Air Forces of 
China by the National Government, 
Sept. 1930 and officially assumed the 
new office on Oct. 10 at Mukden ; 
was invited to visit Nanking to make 
a report of the Northern political 
situation to and discuss the national 
frontier defence measures with Pre- 
sident Chiang Kai-shek, Nov., 1930 
and made a member of the Central 
Political Council during his stay in 
Nanking; appointed to serve on the 
Standing Committee of North China 
Political Council, 1931; made Peiping 
Pacification Commissioner and later 
Acting Chairman of Peiping Branch 
Military Council, 1932; also served as 
member of the Executive Committee 
of the Central Military Academy, 
1933; he resigned in March 1933, 
sailed for Europe in April of the 
same year ; while abroad he visited 
Italy, France, Great Britain, Germany, 
Austria, Switzerland, Belgium. Hol- 
land, Denmark and Sweden devoting 
himself to the study of military, 
political, economic and social condi- 
tions of those countries ; he returned 
to China in January 1934 and assumed 
his new office as Deputy Commander-in- 
Chief of the Bandit-suppression Forces 
in Honan, Hupeh and Anhwei Provinces 
in Feb., 1934 ; upon abolition of the 
post in Feb., 1935, he was appointed 
Director of the Administrative Depart- 
ment of the Provisional Headquarters 
of the President of the Military Affairs 
Commission at Wuchang ; now Vice- 
Commander-in-Chief of the Northwest- 
ern Bandit-suppression Forces ; address : 
Headquarters of the Northwestern 
Bandit-suppression Forces, Sian, Shensi. 




Chang Hsiao-ling 
3Jt *# 

CHANG HSIAO -LING, business 
leader; native of Ningpo, Chekiang; 
born at Hangchow, 1876 ; he now 
holds the following positions : Chinese 
Counsellor to the Municipal Council of 
French Concession, Shanghai ; Director 
of China Merchants Steam Navigation 
Company. Shanghai; Director of 
Chung Wai Bank, Shanghai; Director 
of Tung-Wai Bank, Shanghai; Mana- 
ging-Director of the Ling Kee Lumber 
Company ; address : Ling Kee Lumber 
Company, 97 Avenue Edward VII, 
Shanghai. 




H. H. Chang (Chang Hsin-hal) 
^ *. 7& 

H. H. CHANG, university professor 
and diplomat ; native of Chekiang ; 
born in 1898; received early education 
in private school and in the Public 
School for Chinese at Shanghai; went 
to America on a Tsing Hua scholar- 
ship and entered Johns Hopkins 
University where he intended to study 
medicine but almost immediately 
turned to literature ; received B.A. in 
1919 and entered Harvard University 
for graduate studies in literature 
and philology ; received M.A. in 1920 
and began, among other things, 
the study of Gothic, Anglo-Saxon, 
Middle English, Middle High German, 
Historical English Grammar and other 
related subjects illustrating the 
development of the Indo-European 
languages ; a frequent contributor of 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



<> 



articles of general interest to 
periodicals like The Atlantic Monthly, 
The Yale Review, The North American 
Review, and The Nation in America 
and the now defunct Edinburgh 
Review and The Hibbert Journal in 
England; was invited to- write memor- 
anda for the Chinese delegation during 
the Washington Conference after which 
he went back to Harvard University 
and received the Ph.D. degree in 1922 
for which he submitted the thesis 
"Matthew Arnold and the Humanistic 
View of Life " ; became professor and 
chairman of the Department of English 
Literature at the Peking National 
University ; was concurrently professor 
at Tsing Hua University in 1923 ; 
appointed adviser to the Customs 
Conference in 1925 ; chairman of the 
Department of Western Languages and 
Literatures at the former National 
South-eastern University in 1926 ; vice- 
president of Kwang Hua University 
in 1927 ; joired the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs as Counsellor in 1928 ; 
appointed Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Portugal in 
1933 ; appointed Chinese delegate to the 
International Postal Congress at Cairo 
in 1934 ; appointed Env3y Extraordinary 
and Minister Plenipotentiary to Poland 
and concurrently to Czechoslovakia in 
1934 ; member of the American Academy 
of Social and Political Science ; mem- 
ber of the North China Branch of the 
Royal Asiatic Society; fellow of the 
American Geographical Society ; original 
editor of The China Critic; married 
Rosalynde Han, professor of English 
Literature at the National South- 
eastern and Central Universities and 
has two children ; address : Chinese 
Legation, Warsaw and Prague. 




Chang Sing-bea (Chang Hsin-pei) 

J& it ^ 

CHANG SING-BEA, physician; born 
at Hangchow, Chekiang July 22, 1897; 
attended Hangchow College, 1908-14; 
premedical school of Nanking Univer- 
sity, 1914-16 ; Yale-in-China, Human, 
1916-19; University of Pennsylvania, 
1919-22; Clinical assistant at Temple 
University, 1921-22 ; returned to China 
in 1922 and became head of the eye 
department of the China Inland Mission 
Hospital at Hangchow, which position 
he still holds : physician for the Shang- 
hai-Hangchow Railway, 1926-27; army 



medical officer of the Chekiang Pro- 
vincial Government, 1925-26 ; commis- 
sioner of Public Health of the Chekiang 
police department, 1925-26 ; director of 
the Bureau of Public Health of the 
Hangchow Municipal Government, 1928 ; 
physician of Chekiang College of Agri- 
culture, 1928 to the present ; address : 
Paoching Hospital, Hangchow. 




Chang Hsing-lang 

ft £ & 

CHANG HSING-LANG, author and 
university professor; born at Sze-Yang, 
Kiangsu, 1887 ; attended native private 
schools before 12 years of age ; went to 
Wusih and Soochow to study Chinese 
literature under a certain scholar, 1898 ; 
entered the middle school of Nanyang 
College, Siccawei, Shanghai, 1899 ; 
entered Peiyang University, Tientsin, 
to study mining engineering. 1903 ; 
went to U.S.A., studied chemistry in 
Harvard University 1906, graduating 
with B.Sc. degree from Harvard in 1909 ; 
took chemical research work in Berlin 
University, Germany, from 1909-1912 ; 
returned to China in 1912 ; served as 
technical expert in the civil government 
of Nanking in 1913 ; professor of 
chemistry in Peking Government Uni- 
versity, 1914-1917 ; special correspondent 
to the Chinese National History Com- 
piling Bureau resident in Japan, 1917-18 ; 
from 1918-23, most of the time devoted 
to the compilation of the "Materials for 
a History of the Intercourse between 
China and the Western Countries," and 
preparation for a Chinese edition 
of the "Travels of Ser Marco Polo" 
based upon Yule's English work ; 
chemist on the Tsingtao and Tsinan 
Railway, 1925-26 ; Dean of the Sinological 
Institute of Amoy University, 1926-27; 
professor of history in the Catholic 
University of Peking, secretary of the 
Chinese Geographical Society, Peking, 
since 1927; _uthor of: "Materials for 
a History of the Intercourse between 
China and the Western Countries." 6 
vols, published in 1930; "Travels of 
Marco Polo',, 2 vols. (4 more in 
preparation.) ; (Commercial Press En- 
cyclopedia) ; « 'History of Kitan, Nuchen 
and Mongols," \ vol. ; "A Brief History 
of the Introduction of European 
Civilization into China" (Commercial 
Press); address: The Chinese Geogra- 
phical Society, Tuan Chen, North Sea 
Park, Peiping. 




Chang Hu 

flt*.^ -& # 
CHANG HU, retired Government 
official ; born at Hsiao-shan, Chekiang, 
1876; assisted Hsiung Hsi-ling, then 
Minister of Finance, in the reorganiza- 
tion of the Ministry of Finance, 1912 ; 
vice-Minister of Finance and concur- 
rently director of the salt administra- 
tion and chief inspector of the Salt 
Inspectorate, 1913-15 ; in the latter 
capacity, he in co-operation with 
Richard Dane organized the sub-offices 
of the Salt Inspectorate in the various 
provinces ; was charged with embezzel- 
ment and dismissed from his offices, 
1915 ; acting vice-Minister of Finance, 
1918-20 ; and concurrently associate 
airector of Salt Administration and 
chief inspector of the Salt Inspectorate. 
1919-20; director of the Currency 
Administration, 1920 ; Minister of 
Finance, 1921-22 ; re-appointed acting 
Minister of Finance with the concur- 
rent positions of Director-General of 
the Salt Administration and that of the 
Currency Administration, 1923 ; he has 
been living in retirement since 1923. 




Chang Hua-fu 
3k %*& f € £ 

CHANG HUA-FU, military officer; 
born at Yencheng, Hupeh, 1887 ; after 
completing his middle school education 
in his native province, he went to* 
Japan to study in the Military Officers' 
College and the Military University in 
Tokyo, from which he was graduated : 



10 



after returning to China, he served 
in the Army and held various 
positions as military trainer, adviser 
and later commander ; when the 
Nationalist Northern Punitive Expedi- 
tion started at Canton in 1926, he was 
a brigade commander in the Nationalist 
Army ; when the 4th Group Nationalist 
Army was organised in Hankow, he 
was appointed chief of staff to the 
Army, 1928 ; concurrently he was 
chief of the military bureau of the 
Wuhan Division of the Central Political 
Council, 1928; assistant director of 
military training of the Inspectorate- 
General of Military Training since 1933 ; 
address : c/o Inspectorate-General of 
Military Training, Nanking. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



Charm Huai-chih 

ft 41 4t * -f & 

CHANG HUAI-CHIH, army officer. 
(See Page 18-9, 4th Edition). 




Chang Wai-jung (Chang Hui-chang) 
ft .£. #. 
CHANG WAI-JUNG, aviator and 
diplomatic official ; born at Chung-shan, 
Kwangtung in April, 1898 ; was gra- 
duated from American Aviation School ; 
he gained a national reputation in 1928 
when he purchased an American air- 
plane, a duplicate of Lindbergh's "Spirit 
of St. Louis" and made a tour of China, 
Louis" and made a tour of China, 
starting from Canton and flying to 
Hankow, Shanghai, Nanking, Tsinan, 
Tientsin, Peiping and Mukden and 
return ; for this he gained the name 
of the "Chinese Lindbergh ;" entered 
the Army service in 1929 and partici- 
pated in the war between Canton and 
Kwangsi, in which bombing planes 
were first used extensively in Chinese 
warfare; director of the Eureau of 
Aviation in the Ministry of Military 
Administration 1929 ; member of the 
Central Executive Committee of Kuo- 
mintang. since 1931 ; was with the 
National Aviation Administration at 
Nanking, 1933-35 ; Minister to Cuba, 
since 1935 ; address : Chinese Legation 
Havana, Cuba. 



CHANG HUNG-LIEH, university 
president; born at Ku-ehih, Honan, 
1887 ; was graduated from the Honan 
Provincial College; joined the Revolu- 
tionary Army, 1911 ; elected member 
of the Honan Provincial Assembly, 
1912 ; went to America to studv in 
1918, where he attended Baldwin- 




J. L. Chang (Chang Hung-lieh) 
ft J* A ^ *t> O, 

Wallace College, Ohio, graduating with 
B.Sc. degree and the University of 
Illinois, receiving his B.A. and M.A. 
degrees in 1917 and 1918 respectively ; 
returned to China in 1919 and was 
appointed president of the Government 
preparatory school at Kaifeng ; when 
the school was reorganised into the 
Chung Chow University in 1929, he 
was appointed its president, which 
position he held for many years ; last 
known address : Chung Chow Univer- 
sity, Kaifeng, Honan. 




Chang l-lin 

ft ~ M * k & 

CHANG I-LIN, retired government 
official ; born at Soochow, Kiangsu, 1865 ; 
chief secretary to Yuan Shih-kai (then 
Viceroy of Chihli) in 1902 and assisted 
him in the reorganization of the Chihli 
educational system along modern lines ; 
secretary to the Governor of Kiangsu 
and that of Chekiang, 1907-11 ; chief of 
the secretariate of the President's Office 
in 1912 and concurrently chief of the 
bureau of high confidence in the Cabinet 
in 1914 ; Minister of Education, 1915- 
16; chief secretary to ' President Feng 
Kuo-chang, 1917-18 ; adviser to the 
President Hsu Shih-chang, 1918-22; 
member of the Kiangsu provincial 
assembly, 1921 ; he is now engaged in 
legal practice at Soochow. 



Chang Keng-llen 

ft #4 

CHANG KENG-LIEN, consular 
official ; born at Fenghua, Chekiang, 
in 1900; he was graduated from 
Nanking University (A.B. degree) and 
from Southeastern University, Nanking 
(M.A. degree) ; teacher in the Con- 
tinental Commercial Institute ; teacher 
in the Ting Hai Middle School in 
charge of commercial department; 
private secretary to Generalissimo 
Chiang Kai-shek ; secretary to the 
Military Commission ; secretary to the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs ; chief of 
Nanking Inland Taxation Office; super- 
intendent of Nanking Customs and 
concurrently Commissioner for foreign 
affairs at Nanking, 1928 ; superinten- 
dent of Customs at Chinkiang, 1933-34 ; 
Consul-General of the Chinese Consulate 
at Hamburg, since 1934 ; address : 
Chinese Consulate, Hamburg, Germany. 



Chang Kuang-chien 

ft # & %■ % 4k 

CHANG KUANG-CHIEN, Govern- 
ment official. 

(See Page 22, 4th Edition). 




Chang Kuang-yu 

ft Jk & $ *t * 

CHANG KUANG-YU, College Pre- 
sident ; born at Kunghsien, Honan, in 
1896; attended Tsinghua College, 1911- 
17 ; went to America where he studied 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



11 



mining at Colorado School of Mines and 
later was transferred to Missouri School 
of Mines, from which he received his B. 
Sc degree, 1918-21 ; studied at Columbia 
University and received practical train- 
ing at several places in North Michigan, 
1922-23; returning to China in the fall 
of 1923, he was appointed President of 
the Tsiaotso Mining College, Honan, 
1923-26 ; dean of the Chungshan Univer- 
sity, Honan, 1927 ; acting Recon- 
struction Commissioner, Honan, 1928 ; 
chief secretary to Tsinghua College, 
1929-30; President of the Honan 
University, Kaifeng, 1930-31 ; now, 
President of Tsiao-tso Mining College, 
Honan ; address : Tsiao-t30 Mining 
College, Tsao-tso, Honan ; permanent 
address : Hweikouchen, Yenshih Hsien, 
Honan. 




Chang Kuo-cheng 

SI H It 

CHANG KUO-CH'EN, educational 
director ; born at Liaochung, Liaoning 
in 1897 ; he was graduated from the 
Russian High School of Commerce at 
Harbin after which he was appointed 
professor in the Russian Law College 
of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs ; 
professor of Russian at Sino-Russian 
University, Peking ; councillor and 
concurrently chief of the social depart- 
ment in the office of the Commissioner 
of Foreign Affairs for the Three 
Eastern Provinces ; councillor of the 
office of Sino-Russian Conference and 
director of its office at Mukden ; 
councillor, Headquarters of the late 
Chang Tso-lin at Mukden ; Commis- 
sioner of Foreign Affairs for the Three 
Eastern Provinces ; chief of the 
editorial and compilation department of 
Soviet documents, with special reference 
to those documents connected with 
Soviet violence in China ; secretary of 
the Headquarters for peace main- 
tenance of the Three Eastern Provinces ; 
director of the board of education of 
the Harbin Special Area; author of 
"Russian Literature" and "Documents 
with Reference to the Soviet Violent 
Elements in China"; last known 
address: Board of Education, Harbin. 



C. K. CAVOUR CHANG, Govern- 
ment official and university professor ; 
born at Shao-wu, Fukien 1896 ; attend- 
ed Han-mei Academy and Tsinghua 
College and was sent by the Government 
to study in the United States ; A.B., 
University of Michigan, 1916: A.M., 
LL.B., Columbia University, 1921 : re- 
search assistant in Legislative Service, 




C. K. Cavour Chang (Chang Kuo-hui) 

Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. ; 
acting secretary, Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, Peking, 1921 ; deputy judge, 
Peking District Court, 1922 ; assistant 
councillor.Ministry of Foreign Affairs 
and professor of political science and 
economics, China University, 1922-26 ; 
vice-Chairman of Foreign Affairs and 
professor of political science and econ- 
omics, China University, 1922-26 ; vice- 
chairman of Constitutional Convention, 
Fukien, 1923 ; Secretary in the Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs of the Nationalist 
Government, Feb. 1927 ; appointed Com- 
missioner of Foreign Affairs for Fukien 
and concurrently Superintendent of the 
Maritime Customs for Amoy, June 
1927 ; judge in the Central Court of 
Criminal Appeals, Feb. 1928 ; councillor 
of Judicial Yuan of the National Gov- 
ernment since Dec. 1928, and professor 
of the History of China's Foreign 
Relations in Government Central Univer- 
sity since Sept. 1929 ; author of "The 
Open Door Policy in China ;" "Contrac- 
tual Obligations in Succession of 
States ;" "Diplomacy in the Conclusion 
of Immigration Treaties with China ;" 
address : Councillors' Office, Judicial 
Yuan, Nanking. 



Chang Kuo-kan 
3ft 81 tit % #.# 

CHANG KUO - KAN, Government 
official. 
(See Page 21-2, 4th Edition) 



GEN. CHANG LAI, retired army 
officer ; born at Liuyang, Hunan, 1891 ; 
was graduated from the Kwangtung 
Military Officiers' College; served 
successively as battalion commander, 
ranking staff officer, director of Com- 
munications Department and chief 
adjutant of the 11th Revolutionary 
Army under General Chen Ming-shu ; 
commander of 76th regiment of the 
26th Division of the same Army and 
shortly after, transferred as Commander 
of the 16th regiment of the 8th Brigade ; 
promoted Commander of 8th Brigade ; 
upon reorganization of the 11th 
Revolutionary Army as the 19th Route 
Army, he was appointed commander 
of 121st Brigade of the 61st Division, 
in which capacity, he participated in 
the Sino-Japanese War at Shanghai, 
Spring, 1932 and fought several pitched 



Gen. Chang Lai 

?k m % % x. 

battles at Kiangwanchen (Major Kuga 
of the Japanese 9th Division was taken 
captive by troops of his Brigade at 
Kiangwanchen) ; has had a long record 
in the army service and taken part in 
many arduous Revolutionary and Anti- 
Communist Campaigns during the past 
few years; when the 19th Route Army 
was transferred to Fukien, he followed 
the Army to that province ; when the 
Fukien Independence Movement broke 
out in the winter of 1933, he was 
made an army Commander; but after 
the collapse of the Movement, he 
retired from active military service and 
is now travelling abroad on a tour of 
investigation. 




Dr. L. N. Chang (Chang Li-ao) 

3ft M, & 

DR. L.N. CHANG, diplomatic official ; 
born in Nanking, 1887 ; received his 
education at St. John's University, 
Shanghai ; studied economics and philo- 
sophy at the University of Virginia, 
U.S.A., 1907-09 and Yale University 
1909-11, graduating with B.A. and 
B.C.L. degrees ; made a Doctor of 
Laws and Political Science by imperial 
decree of the late Emperor of China 
as a result of his success in the com- 
petitive examinations ; editor of the 
Chinese Students' Monthly, in U.S.A., 
1910-11 ; editor of the Hankow Daily 
News, Hankow ; Co-Director of the 
International Institute, Shanghai, Direc- 
tor of the Bureau of Foreign Affairs 



12 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



and later High Procurator of Hupeh ; 
from 1912 to 1927 he practised Law in 
Hankow and simultaneously served as 
Legal Adviser to General Li Yuan- 
hung, then Vice-President of China ; 
Legal Adviser to General Tan Jen- 
feng, the late Director-General of the 
Hankow - Canton - Szechuen Railways ; 
Legal Advjjter to Marshal Wu Pei-fu ; 
in 1925 was elected one of the three 
Chinese delegates to the All-Asia Bar 
Association Conference, but he did not 
accept and proceeded to Honolulu, 
Hawaii, as Chairman of the Chinese 
Delegation to the First Institute of 
Pacific Relations Conference; from 1917 
to 1927 he was Legal Adviser to the 
Special Administrative Districts Nos. 1 
and 2 (Ex-German and Ex-Russian 
Concessions ) , Hankow ; Legal Adviser 
to the Hupeh Bureau for the Repatria- 
tion of Enemy Subjects and the 
Sequestration of Their Properties, 
Hankow; from 1927 to 1928 he was 
Director of Special District No. 3 
(Ex-British Concession), Hankow; 
between 1928 and 1930 he was Co- 
Director of the Hankow Bureau for 
Testing and Examining Commercial 
Products, High Commissioner for Pre- 
paring the Retrocession of Weihaiwei, 
Nanking ; Adviser to the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, Nanking ; assumed 
post as the first Permanent Charge 
d'Affaires to Chile on August 3, 1930 
and was on March 7, 1931 promoted 
the first Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary of the Repub- 
lic of China to the Republic of Chile, 
simultaneously in charge of Chinese 
Interests in Argentine and Bolivia ; 
shortly after his promotion to this post, 
he was accepted by the Government of 
Switzerland as Minister to Switzerland 
but complying with the petitions of 
Chinese residents in Chile, his Govern- 
ment agreed to make no change and for- 
warded to him the letters of credence 
accrediting him as Minister to Chile, 
which he presented to the Government 
of Chile, on August' 26, 1931 ; he is 
a member of the American Academy 
of Political Science and American 
National Geographic Society ; Fellow of 
the Royal Geographic Society, London ; 
address : Chinese Legation, Santiago 
de Chile ; permanent address : 35 Rue 
de Paris, Hankow. 




Or. Chang Liang-yen (Chang Liang-ren) 

DR. CHANG LIANG- YEN, author, 
University professor and Government 
official ; born at Pinghu, Chekiang, 1905 ; 
after completing his middle school 
education, he entered Tungchi Univer- 



sity to study German and in 1925 
went to Germany to attend Berlin 
University, studying Economics and 
Law ; in 1929 he passed the State- 
Examination and received the Diplom- 
Vollswirt degree, a degree which was 
conferred for the first time on a 
Chinese student by Berlin University; 
while in Germany he contributed 
articles to various leading Berlin 
newspapers, and received in 1931 the 
Dr. rer.pol. degree from Berlin Uni- 
versity ; appointed technical adviser 
of the Chinese Delegation to the 16th 
International \Labor Conference In 
Geneva 1931 ; when the Mukden Incident 
broke out, he delivered many speeches 
at the request of the various German 
associations against the Japanese attack 
in Manchuria ; later he toured the 
different countries in Europe to study 
political and economic conditions ; upon 
his return to China, he was appointed 
a professor at the National Central 
University and served concurrently in 
the Ministry of Communications as an 
advisor on juridical matters ; expert 
member of the Rural Rehabilitation 
Commission ; member of the Examina- 
tion Committee of the 2nd High Civil 
Service Examination in 1933 and one 
of the Examiners of the Accounting 
Examination of the Ministry of Com- 
munications 1934 ; compiler and editor 
of the Bureau of Compilation and 
Translator of the Ministry of Educa- 
tion ; author of numerous books and 
articles in various languages, the best 
known of which are: "The Shanghai 
Gold Exchange" in German, "The 
Business Cycles" in Chinese, published 
by the Commercial Press, Ltd. ; address : 
Ministry of Communications or National 
Central University, Nanking. 



Chang Lu-chuan 

at * $. 

CHANG LU-CHUAN, Government 
official. 
(See Page 23-4, 4th Edition). 




Chang Ming 
%L& $ ft ^ 

CHANG MING, counsellor to the 
Military Affairs Commission of the 
National Government, former Chinese 
Special Envoy to Nepal ; born at 
Hsu-Chih, Anhwei, 1886; after having 
completed his preliminary education in 
China, he went to the United States 
and studied law and diplomacy at New 



York and Columbia Universities ; later 
attended Washington University, gra- 
duating with B. A. and M. A. degress ; 
joined Tungmenghui (predecessor of 
Kuomintang) in Japan and became an 
active member of the Party; partici- 
pated in the 1911 Revolution and was 
appointed director of Bureau of Foreign 
Affairs of Hupeh Provincial Government 
and concurrently Magistrate of Tayeh 
District, Hupeh; judicial officer of 
Hupeh Military Government; secretary 
to the Chinese Minister in U.S.A., 
1912 ; English Secretary to President 
Li Yuan-hung, 1917 ; President of 
Anhwei Provincial Law College, 1918- 
19 ; Magistrate of Tien-Chang District, 
1920-23 ; transferred to the magistracy 
of Yin San District, 1923 ; joined the 
Nationalist Revolution in 1927 as advisor 
to the 6th, 7th and 26th Armies ; 
appointed Chinese Consul-General at 
Java, 1927 and was promoted to the 
rank of Expectant Minister for meri- 
torious services ; transferred as Chinese 
Consul-General at Calcutta, India and 
concurrently served as Chinese Govern- 
ment Special Envoy to Nepal to confer 
honors upon the Prime Minister of 
Nepal, July, 1931 which posts he 
retained until middle of 1932 ; now, 
counseller to the Military Affairs Com- 
mission of National Government with 
the rank of Major-General ; awarded 
1st Class Gold Medal by the National 
Government, 1931; address: Military 
Affairs Commission, Nanking. 



Chang Mo-chun 

8t ft 2* 

CHANG MO-CHUN, woman educater 
and Government official ; native of 
Hsianghsiang, Hunan ; wife of Shao 
Yuan-chun, Vice-President of Legislative 
Yuan ; received her advanced education 
at Columbia University Teachers' Col- 
lege ; principal of the Shengchow Girls* 
High School in Shanghai for many years ; 
principal of the Kiangsu Provincial 1st 
Normal School for Girls at Nanking ; 
entered Government service in 1931, 
when she was appointed a member of 
the Legislative Yuan, which post she 
held" until 1932 ; now member of the 
Examination Commission of the Exa- 
mination Yuan ; address : Examination 
Yuan, Nanking*. 




Chang Nal-yen 
ft 7b % 

CHANG NAI-YEN, retired diplomatic 
official; born at Nanzing, Wushing, 
Chekiang in 1894; received his primary 
and secondary education in Nanzing. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



13 



Hangchow and Soochow ; went to 
Europe in 1913 and studied chemistry 
in the University of Birmingham, 
Imperial College of Science and Techno- 
logy, London, and the University of 
Geneva ; his thesis "Contribution a la 
Connaissance des Acides Ortho-et 
paranitro - alpha - bromo - cinnamiques" 
won for him the degree of D.Sc, 
University of Geneva, 1919 ; returned 
to China in 1919 after touring and 
studying education in Europe, America 
and Japan ; professor of chemistry in 
the National Peking University and 
concurrently taught chemistry in the 
Peking College and Peking Technical 
College, 1920-23 ; during this time he 
wrote "Organic Dyestuffs," "Medical 
Organic Arsenicals" and "Service 
Chemistry in the World War" ; elected 
president of the Provincial Educational 
Association of Chekiang and con- 
currently professor of chemistry in the 
Chekiang Technical College in 1923; 
appointed councillor in the Head- 
quarters of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, 1924 ; 
taught history of science in Kwanghwa 
University, Shanghai, in 1925 ; appoint- 
ed dean of the college of engineering, 
National Kwangtung University and 
concurrently member of the Board of 
Education of the Nationalist Govern- 
ment, 1926 ; appointed as member of 
Provincial Government of Kiangsu and 
concurrently Commissioner of Education 
of Kiangsu in 1927 ; Chancellor of 
National Central University and con- 
currently member of the Provincial 
Government of Kiangsu 1927-30 ; mem- 
ber of the Chekiang Provincial Govern- 
ment, 1930-32 ; Chinese Minister to 
Belgium, 1933-35 ; he is also a noted 
historian besides being a chemist and 
educationalist ; in the latter field he has 
written "History of the World War," 
"History of the Great War" and "History 
of Rome," the last two being included 
in the "Yuenlu Historical Series." 




Chang Nieh-yun 

8fc ft # 

CHANG NIEH-YUN, lawyer; born 
at Hsin An Hsien, Kwangtung in 
1877 ; studied English at Government 
Central School (later Victoria College), 
Hongkong and finished his preparatory 
education in Shanghai Public School; 
studied 'law at Soochow University law 
school and was graduated in 1918; 
after serving in the Chinese Maritime 
Customs, as translator in one of the 
foreign consulates and on the staffs 
of the Shanghai Mercury, Universal 



Gazette, Sinwanpao and other papers 
he became Chinese secretary to the 
China Syndicate in 1902 ; sub-editor on 
the Nanfangpao 1907 ; interpreter and 
translator to W. V. Drummond, law 
officer to the Viceroy at Nanking and 
Taotai of Shanghai, 1907 ; admitted to 
practice in the Mixed Court, 1919 ; 
served as translator sergeant in the 
Shanghai Volunteer Corps, 1919-30; 
served as an adviser to the Chinese 
General Chamber of Commerce, Shang- 
hai ; Chinese Red Cross Society ; Chapei 
Bureau of Works and Taxes ; Anti- 
kidnapping Society ; Chapei Fire Briga- 
des Association ; member of the Chinese 
Education Committee and General 
Educational Commission, Shanghai 
Municipal Council, 1922 ; Chinese legal 
assistant and Assistant Police Advocate 
S.M.C. (some time 1927). Lieutenant 
(hon.) of Interpreters Coy., S.V.C. 
1932 ; since 1927 he has been in private 
law practice at 7 Fusan Road, Shanghai. 




Chang Ngo-hua (Chang 0-hua) 

Hi A #• 

CHANG NGO-HUA, government 
official; native "of Fengyang, Anhwei 
province ; born in 1886 ; received his 
preliminary education at home and 
later proceeded to Japan where he 
entered Ming Chih University, specializ- 
ing in law ; in 1912 he established the 
National Central News at Peking ; in 
the same year he entered political 
circles and was appointed a member 
of the Senate; during the years 1914 
to 1916, he followed the late Dr. Sun 
Yat-sen, assisting in the organization 
of the Kuomintang at Tokyo ; in 1917 
he accompanied Dr. Sun to Kwangtung 
where he became a member of the 
Constitutional Government ; later he 
was appointed counsellor to the Gene- 
ralissimo Headquarters and concurrently 
counsellor of the Kwangtung Army ; 
in 1923 he established a Chinese 
daily paper at Peking called San Min 
Pao; in 1924 he was appointed adviser 
to the office of North-western Frontier 
Affairs, and also Chief secretary to 
the Senate ; in 1925 he became Chief 
of the National Bureau of Tobacco 
and Wine ; in 1929 he was appointed 
by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of 
the National Government as assistant 
of the Treaty Revision Committee ; 
in November he was appointed vice- 
Minister of Foreign Affairs ; later vice- 
Minister of Interior; author of: "A 
Study of Colonial Policy," "The 
Quintessence of Christianity" "White 
Men and Asia." 




Chang Fei-jan (Chang Pei-jan) 

fc A & 

CHANG FEI-JAN, retired Govern- 
ment official; born at Ling Hsien, 
Kiangsi, 1895 ; graduate of the College 
of Technology, Tokyo, Japan ; acting 
Mayor of Kiukiang, Kiangsi ; chief 
engineer of the Wuhan Special Mu- 
nicipality ; member of the Kiangsi 
Provincial Government and concurrently 
Commissioner of Reconstruction ; mem- 
ber of the Honan Provincial Government 
and concurrently Commissioner of recon- 
struction ; last known address : Honan 
Provincial Government, Kaifeng, Honan. 




Chang Peng-chun 
3fc U A $ # & 

PENG -CHUN CHANG, educator; 
born at Tientsin, Chihli in 1892 ; was 
graduated from Nankai Middle School 
in 1908 ; studied in America and received 
his A,B. degree from Clark University 
in 1914 and MA. degree from Columbia 
University in 1916; acting principal 
of Nankai 1916-19 ; secretary to the 
Chinese Education Commission on its 
trip to the United States in 1919 ; 
represented Tientsin at the Washington 
Conference, 1921 ; received his Ph. D. 
degree from Columbia University, 1923 ; 
dean of Tsing Hua College 1923-26 ; 
dean of Nankai Middle School and 
professor of Nankai University 1926-29 ; 
made his third trip to America in 
1930 on behalf of Nankai University 
and at the same time acted as director 
of Mei Lan-fang's troupe on its 
American tour ; address : Nankai 
University, Tientsin. 



14 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Bintze T. Chang (Chang Ping Chih) 

m 9t k. 

BINTZE T. CHANG, Government 
official ; born at Pinhu, Chekiang in 
1887 ; passed the literary examinations 
in the Manchu Dynasty and received 
the Shiu-tsa degree ; was graduated 
from Futan University, Shanghai with 
an A.B. degree in 1909 ; sub-editor of 
the Peking Daily News, 1909 ; instructor 
at Peiping National University, 1918- 
1922 ; since 1921 he has been editor of 
the Chinese Economic Journal and the 
Chinese Economic Bulletin, published 
by the Bureau of Industrial and Com- 
merical Information ; address : Bureau 
of Industrial and Commercial Informa- 
tion, Ministry of Industry, Shanghai. 




Chang Po-ling 

% 46 #- 

CHANG PO-LING, educator and uni- 
versity president: born at Tientsin, 
Chihli, 1874 ; studied Chinese under 
his father and private tutors ; attended 
the Peiyang Naval Academy, 1888 and 
was graduated after five years' study ; 
joined the navy and served on a train- 
ing ship for two years ; engaged as a 
private tutor at the homes of Yen 
Hsiu (a noted scholar of Tientsin) 
and Wang Kuei-chang (Tientsin salt 
merchant) and these two private schools 
which he conducted were eventually 
to become the present Nankai Univer- 
sity at Tientsin ; went to Japan with 
Yen Hsiu in 1903 to study the Japanese 
educational system ; upon return, he 



started a middle school in Mr. Yen's 
house by the combination of the two 
private schools ; travelled to America 
and Europe to study educational systems 
in 1908 and became a Christain in the 
same year ; re-visited America in 1917 
and spent a year and half at Columbia 
University Teachers' College, specializ- 
ing in education ; in the Winter of 
1918, he started, in addition to the 
middle school, a collegiate department 
which is now known as the Nankai 
University ; with the financial help of 
Li Chuan, Yuan Shih-kai, Lu Mou-chai, 
the Rockerfeller Foundation and the 
China Foundation, the University and 
the Middle School have grown to their 
present size ; since the founding of 
the University, a girls middle school 
and an elementary school have been 
added to the Nankai Institutions ; he 
has been responsible for the organiza- 
tion and growth of this "chain of 
schools" the total enrollment of which 
has now reached 2500 ; besides Nankai, 
he serves on the boards of several other 
educational institutions ; he has always 
been particularly interested in physical 
education and athletics in China ; was 
given the honorary degree of Litt. 
D. by St. John's University at Shanghai, 
1919 ; served as a trustee of the China 
Foundation for the Promotion of Edu- 
cation and Culture, 1924-25 ; member of 
the Peiping Political Council ; address : 
Nankai University, Tientsin, Hopei. 



Chang Shao-tang 



3h & 



% -f- *~ 



CHANG SHAO-TANG, Government 
official ; born at Sanho, Hopei, 1890 ; 
was graduated from the Tungchow 
Normal College ; member of the Kuo- 
mintang ; magistrate of Tsuyu District, 
Honan, 1927 ; chief secretary to the 
Honan Provincial Government, 1929 ; 
joined the Shantung Provincial Govern- 
ment in 1930 as Chief Secretary, which 
post he now holds ; address : Shantung 
Provincial Government, Tsinan, Shan- 
tung. 



Internal Peace Conference at Shanghai, 
but owing to its failure, he again went 
to study in Europe, mainly in England, 
Germany and France, being at the same 
time appointed by the Peking Govern- 
ment special delegate to investigate 
education in Europe ; upon returning 
to China in 1922, he was appointed 
president of the Peking National 
College of Agriculture ; Minister of 
Justice ; Minister of Education ; he is 
a well-known writer and author of 
several volumes of books on political 
science; professor in the North-Eastern 
University at Mukden. 1930-31 ; he has 
been engaged in private law pratice 
in Shanghai since 1932 ; President of 
the Shanghai Law College since 1934 ; 
address : The Shanghai Law College, 
Rue Pere Robert, Shanghai. 



Chang Shou-llng 
^ # ^ £ «. *: 

CHANG SHOU-LING, retired gov- 
ernment official ; See Page 28, 4th 
edition. 



Chang Tal-yen 

# M M % A £ 

CHANG TAI-YEN, scholar and 
author ; native of Yuhang, Chekiang ; 
participated in the First Revolution of 
1911 ; advisor to the President of China, 
then Yuan Shih-kai, in 1912 and was 
imprisoned* by Yuan for outspoken 
criticisms against him ; joined the 
Southern Military Government at Can- 
ton, 1917-18 ; recognized as the leading 
authority on Chinese classics and 
literature and an accomplished Chinese 
calligraphist ; owing to advanced age, 
he has long been in retirement, formerly 
living in Shanghai but now in Soochow. 




S. C. Chang (Chang Shih-chao) 
# rt £>] 

S. C. CHANG, legal practitioner and 
retired Government official ; born at 
Changsha, Hunan ; studied first in 
j Japan and later in England, where he 
I majored in political science and law ; 
I after the 1911 Revolution, he devoted 
I his time to authorship and was editor 
I of The Tiger magazine (a very well- 
| known publication in China) ; delegate 
1 of the Southern Government to the 



Chang Tao-fan 
$fc St & 

CHANG TAO-FAN, vice-Minister of 
Communications ; born at Pan-hsien 
district, Kweichow, on July 11, 1897 ; 
was graduated from the Department 
of Fine Arts (Slade School), University 
College, University of London ; while 
in England, he served as head of the 
Assembly of the London Branch of 
the Kuomintang, 1923 ; after return 
to China in 1926, he was appointed 
secretary of the Department of 
Agriculture and Labor, Kwangtung 
Provincial Government ; in the same 
year, was commissioned by the 
Central Kuomintang Headquarters to 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



15 



Kweichow to direct party affairs ; 
appointed a secretary in the Organiza- 
tion Department of the Central 
Kuomintang Headquarters in 1928 and 
in September of the same year, became 
chief secretary of the Municipal 
Government of Nanking ; elected by 
Nanking District Party Headquarters 
as representative to 3rd National Party 
Congress of Kuomintang at Nanking 
1929, at which he was elected by the 
Congress as a reserve member of the 
Central Executive Committee of the 
Kuomintang ; in Dec. 1929, was 
appointed member of the committee 
for the re-organization of the party 
affairs of Kiangsu and member of ' the 
standing committee of the Kiangsu 
Provincial Party Headquarters and 
concurrently director of publicity 
department ; dean of the Tsingtao 
National University, 1930 ; member of 
Chekiang Provincial Government and 
concurrently Commissioner of Educa- 
tion, 1931 ; shortly after, was trans- 
ferred to Nanking as vice-director of 
the Organization Department of the 
Central Party Headquarters and during 
the period when the National Govern- 
ment was removed to Loyang during 
the Sino-Japanese Hostilities at Shang- 
hai, served as special resident officer 
of the Headquarters at Nanking ; 
now, reserve member of the Central 
Executive Committee, member of the 
reorganization department of the 
Central Party Headquarters and since 
Dec. 1932, vice-Minister of Communica- 
tions ; author of several works on fine 
arts and paintings and author of 
several plays ; address : Ministry of 
Communications, Nanking. 




one of Chinese nationality to secure 
the qualifications of a Chartered Life 
Underwriter and subsequently "Pro- 
ficiency in Life Insurance Agency 
Management ;" these qualifications are 
obtainable only by examinations insti- 
tuted by the American College of Life 
Underwriters, by special permission of 
which examinations were held at St. 
John's University, Shanghai under the 
personal supervision of Dr. F. L. 
Hawks Pott ; address : China United 
Assurance Society, Shanghai. 




Chang Tien-hslu 

at *. <*- ^ *f 41 

CHANG TIEN-HSIU, Government 
official ; born in Kweichow, 1901 ; 
graduate of the Southeastern University 
at Nanking with B.A. degree ; chief 
secretary of the publicity department of 
the Central Executive Committee of the 
Kuomintang and concurrently Counsellor 
to the Nanking Garrison Headquarters ; 
chief secretary of the Honan Provincial 
Government and concurrently director 
of Honan Provincial Kuomintang Head- 
quarters ; last known address : Honan 
Provincial Government, Kaifeng, Honan. 



of the Nationalist Revolutionary Forces 
in Hunan, Hupeh, Kiangsi, Chekiang 
and Kiangsu, 1926-27 ; chief of staff to 
Pai Tsung-hsi (a leader of the Kwangsi 
faction and then commander of the 
vanguard forces of the 4th Route 
Nationalist Army) and Mayor of 
Shanghai Municipality, 1927-28 ; member 
of the Military Council, Nanking, 
1927-28; member of the Central 
Executive Committee of the Kuomin- 
tang ; address : c/o Central Party 
Headquarters, Nanking. 




Chang Tuh-yul (Chang Teh-yu) 

at n & 

T. Y. CHANG, life insurance expert; 
born Nanzing, Chekiang Province 1900 ; 
entered St. John's University, Shanghai 
1916 and graduated with B.A. degree 
(honours) 1922: completed education 
in the U.S.A. Wharton Graduate^ School 
of Finance and Commerce, specialising 
in Actuarial and other departments of 
Life Assurance and received degree 
of Master of Business Administration, 
University of Pennsylvania in 1924 ; 
obtained practical Life Assurance 
experience with Provident Mutual Life | 
Insurance Company of Philadelphia i 
and Metropolitan Life Insurance Com- 
pany of New York ; returned to China 
1925 joining the staff of the China 
United Assurance Society first as 
Assistant Actuary and after qualifying 
for the American degree of Chartered 
Life Underwriter, was appointed 
Supervisor of Agents ; he is the only 




Chang Tsal-yang 

JS: ft 8* 

CHANG TSAI-YANG, retired Gov- 
ernment official ; born at Hsing-chang, 
1873 ; was graduated from the Military 
College at Hangchow, Chekiang ; after 
the establishment of the Republic, he 
was appointed commander of the 50th 
brigade of the National Army with 
the rank of a brigadier-general and 
concurrently served as commander of 
the defense force of Hangchow city ; 
director-general of the opium suppres- 
sion bureau of Chekiang ; defense 
commissioner of Ningpo-Shaohsin-Tai- 
chow district, 1913 ; defense commis- 
sioner of Kashing-Huchow district, 
1915 ; commander of 25th division 
and concurrently defence commissioner 
of Kaishing-Huchow district, 1916 ; 
commander of the 2nd division of 
the Chekiang Provincial Army, 1918 ; 
commander of the first division, 1919 ; 
Civil Governor of Chekiang with the 
rank of full-general, 1922-24 ; he has 
been living in retirement in Hangchow 
since 1924. 



Chang Tin-fan 

at z * 



Government 
graduate of 



CHANG TIN - FAN, 

official ; native of Kiangsi 
the Paoting Military Academy, Chihli ; 
has been associated with the revolu- 
tionary movements since early youth and 
participated in the various campaigns 



CHANG TSO-HSIANG, army officer, 
born at Ihsien, Fengtien, in 1882 ; 
during his early career he led an 
independent band of soldiers and later 
became a lieutenant of Chang Tso-lin ; 
when Chang Tso-lin joined the Govern- 
ment Forces, he became a battalion 
commander ; appointed commander of 
a regiment of cavalry after the found- 
ation of the Republic ; commander of 
the 54th Brigade in 1917 and advanced 
to Lieut.-General in January, 1918 ; 
appointed Chief-of-Staff of the High 
Inspecting Commissioner of the Three 
Eastern Provinces, 1919 ; made com- 
mander of the 27th Division in August, 
1919 ; he commanded that division 
during the Chihli-Fengtien war between 
Wu Pei-fu and Chang Tso-lin, in which 
the latter was defeated and retired into 
Fengtien and declared his independence 
of Peking; Tuchun of Kirin 1924-28; 
he was also associate Commander of 
Manchurian forces for the preservation 



16 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Chang Tso-hsiang 

5fc>fc #1 $ H ft 

of peace; Chairman of the Kirin 
Provincial Government and deputy 
Commander-in-Chief of the Northeastern 
Frontier Defence 1928-31 ; now member 
of the Peiping Branch of the Military 
Affairs Commission ; address : The 
Peiping Branch of the Military Affairs 
Commission, Peiping. 



Chang Tso-lin 
&>fr * ^ & £ 

CHANG TSO-LIN, army officer. 
Deceased (1876-1928). 
(See Page 30, 4th Edition). 



Chang Tsung-chang 

st $■ i 

CHANG TSUNG - CHANG, 

officer. Deceased (1881-1932). 
sinated at Tsinan, Shantung. 
(See Page 31, 4th Edition). 



army 

Assas- 



Chang Tsung-hsiang 
# 3T # £ * * 

CHANG TSUNG-HSIANG, retired 
government official; born at Wushing, 
Chekiang, 1897 ; a senior licentiate 
under the Manchu regime ; was gra- 
duated from the Meiji University, 




Japan, with LL.B. degree in 1903 ; 
Minister of Justice and concurrently 
acting Minister of Agriculture and 
Commerce, 1914 ; Chinese Minister to 
Japan, 1916-19 ; on account of his pro- 
Japan inclinations and his connection 
with several Japanese' loans which the 
Anfu Government contracted, he was 
branded as one of the 'trio of national 
traitors" (the other two being Tsao 
Lu-lin and Lu Tsung-yu) by the 
students in 1919 and was relieved of 
his Tokyo post in the same year ; since 
then, he has been living in retirement. 




Tchiang Tsong-hole (Chang Tsung-hul) 
*" * t 

TCHIANG TSONG-HOIE, agricul- 
tural expert and Government official ; 
born at Chuanchao, Anhwei, 1898; 
was graduated from the College of 
Agriculture in sericulture at Mont- 
pellier France ; Doctor of Sciences and 
Agricultural Engineer of the Institute 
of Agriculture of the University of 
Nancy, France; professor of agricul- 
ture at the College of Agriculture of 
the Southeastern University and of 
the National Central University at 
Nanking ; director «of the Administra- 
tive Bureau of Public Parks of Nan- 
king Municipality; director of the 
Sericultural Station of Nanking; now 
director of the Department of Agricul- 
ture of the Ministry of Industry ; 
now director of the Department of 
Agriculture of the Ministry of Industry ; 
author of several books in French and 
Chinese on sericulture ; address : De- 
partment of Agriculture, Ministry of 
Industry, Nanking. 



Chang Tsung-yuan 
9b v? XL* % fa W 

CHANG TSUNG - YUAN, Govern- 
ment official. 
(See Page 32, 4th Edition). 



CHANG TUNG-SUNG, author and 
university professor ; born at Hangchow 
Chekiang, 1886 ; was graduated from 
Department of Philosophy of Imperial 
University of Japan at Tokyo ; parti- 
cipated in the First Revolution in 1911 
and was appointed secretary of the 
Ministry of Interior of Nanking 
Provisional Government; editor of the 
Righteousness Magazine, in which he 
denounced the imperial aspirations of 
Yuan Shih-kai ; following the overthrow 
of Yuan Shih-kai, he was appointed 




Chang Tung-sung 

chief secretary of the Senate of the 
Peking Parliament ; editor of the China 
Times, Shanghai ; acting president of 
China National Institute at Woosung, 
Shanghai ; dean of the College of Arts 
of Kwanghwa University, Shanghai ; 
now professor of philosophy at Yen- 
ching University, Peiping ; author of 
"Essays on New Philosophy" "Moral 
Philosophy," "The Refutation of 
Dialectical Materialism," and other 
works mostly on the same subject ; an 
ardent follower of the late scholar 
Liang Chi-chao ; address : Yenching 
University, Peiping. 




\-*J^rf 



Chang Vee-chen (Chang Wei-chen) 

fk * 4fc 

CHANG VEE-CHEN, legal practi- 
tioner ; born at Shanghai, Kiangsu, 
1897 ; studied commercial science and 
journalism in the China National 
Institute, Woosung ; studied law at the 
Law School of the Peking Government 
University, graduating with LL.B. 
degree ; went to Japan, 3tudying 
political and economic conditions ; upon 
returning to China he was appointed 
dean and professor of the Hua Pei 
University, Peking and concurrently 
served in different capacities in the 
Ministries of Finance, Foreign Affairs 
and Communications ; assistant secre- 
tary to the Cabinet under the premier- 
ship of Wang Chung-hui ; was in 
charge of the publicity work of the 
Directorate-General of Shantung Affairs 
under Dr. C. T. Wang, the Director- 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



17 



General; professor at the China 
National Institute and Law College, 
Shanghai, 1928 ; assisted in the establi- 
shment of the department of intelligence 
and publicity under the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, 1928 and was appointed 
assistant director and later director of 
the Department ; Chinese Consul-General 
at Seoul, Korea, 1929-30; he has been 
engaged in private law practice in 
Shanghai since 1931. 




Ciano Wei-han 
* * * 

CHANG WEI - HAN, Government 
official; born at Ta-kwan, Yunnan, 
1888 ; graduated from the Meiji Uni- 
versity, Japan, 1908 ; secretary to the 
Military Governor of Yunnan, 1912 ; 
secretary to the Civil Governor of 
Yunnan, 1913 ; magistrate of Ko-chiu 
and Yen-hsin districts, Yunnan, 1914- 
1915 ; secretary to the General-Head- 
quarters of the Anti-Yuan Shih-kai's 
Monarchial Forces ; Chief -Secretary to 
the Military and Civil Governor of 
Szechuan, 1916-18 ; went to Japan to 
study and investigate municipal govern- 
ment and rural conditions over all the 
large cities 1918-21 ; Mayor of Kwen 
Ming, provincial capital of Yunnan, 
1922-27 ; achieved much municipal 
progress for the city, and wrote over 
ten books on municipal administration 
and city planning ; appointed member 
of the Yunnan Provincial Government 
and concurrently special delegate of 
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 
in Yunnan, 1928 ; went to Nanking 
representing the Yunnan Provincial 
Government in the Sino-French negoti- 
ations . over the conclusion of the new 
Sino-Franco Trade Treaty ; attended 
the 3rd National Congress of Koumin- 
tang as representative from Yunnan, 
1928 ; signed the new Sino-Franco 
. Trade Treaty in the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs at Nanking, May 5th, 
1930 ; returned to Yunnan, June 1st, 

1930 and resumed his offices as member 
of the Yunnan Provincial Government 
and Commissioner of Civil Affairs for 
Yunnan, 1930; then resigned, July 

1931 and went to Nanking ; appointed 
member of the Legislative Yuan and 
concurrently Chief Secretary of the 
Yuan, 1932 ; reappointed member of 
the Yuan for the 3rd period, 1933 ; 
attended as Yunnan representative the 
6th Kuomintang National Congress at 
Nanking, Nov. 1935 ; address : Legis- 
lative Yuan, Nanking. 



CHANG WEN-KAI, Christian prea- 
cher and writer ; born at Tun-Tang- 
Kau, Pinglok, Kwangsi, 1872 ; son of 
a farmer; studied Chinese at a village 
school from 7 to 17 ; taught at village 
schools and helped his father about 




Chang Wen-kal 

the farm until the age of 28 ; became 
a Christian at age of 21 ; associate 
editor of Chung Kuo Sun Pao, 
Hongkong; editor of the True Light 
View — a Baptist Denominational maga- 
zine — for 27 years ; author of "There 
is No God!" "Exposure of Anti- 
Christian' Article," "A Criticism of 
Wu Chih-hui's New Creed," "Christ 
and Confucius," "The Fallacies of 
Socialism," 'The Origin of Kuan Shih 
Yin," "A Study of Laotze and Christian 
Truth," "The Problem of Ancestor 
Worship," "A Study of Jesus and 
Mak Tek," "The Christian Position 
Vs Modern Agnosticism" and several 
other books ; he is now residing in 
Canton. 




Chang Yao-chlang (Chana Yao-hslang) 

sft * m 

CHANG YAO- CHIANG, university 
professor ; born at Hankow, Hupeh 
1898 ; studied at Boone University 
at Wuchang and was graduated from 
Tsinghua College in 1915 ; went to 
America in 1915, where he first 
attended Amberst College and later 
Columbia University, receiving his BA. 
degree in 1918 and M. A. degree in 
psycholgoy in 1919 ; after his return 
to China, he was appointed professor 
of Peking High Normal College 1920 ; 
a founder and first president of the 
Chinese psychological society in Nan- 
king in 1921 and editor of the Chinese 
Journal of Psychology, published by 



the society; in the latter capacity, he 
wrote the following articles published 
in the Journal : "Chinese Vocabulary 
Test," "Chinese Information Test," 
"Chinese Superstitions," "Eccentricities 
of Past Chinese," "First Memories," 
"A Study of Emotion of Chinese poets" ; 
dean of the department of education 
and psychology of the Peking Normal 
University, 1922 ; now professor at the 
Chinan University ; address : Chinan 
University, Chenju, Shanghai. 



Chang Ying-fang 
^ ft % % 3- %r 
CHANG YlWG-FANG, army officer. 
(See Page 34, 4th Edition). 




Chang Ying-hua 

at # # ? a £ 

CHANG YING-HUA, retired govern- 
ment official ; born at Hengshui, Chihli, 
1886 ; studied at the Tientsin Anglo- 
Chinese College ; received his advanced 
education in Manchester, England ; vice 
Minister of Finance and for a time 
acting Minister of Finance, 1922 ; 
director-general of the currency admini- 
stration, 1923; re-appointed acting 
Minister of Finance and concurrently 
director-general of Salt administration, 
1923 ; acting Minister of Finance, 1926 ; 
no further information has been 
received in recent years. 




Y. C. Chang (Chang Yu-chuan) 

flt A -£ $ H ft 



18 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



Y. C CHANG, retired government 
official ; born at Canton, Kwangtung, 
1880 ; studied at the Anglo-Chinese 
College at Foochow, Queen's College 
at Hongkong and the Peiyang 
University at Tientsin ; the Imperial 
University of Japan at Tokyo, 1898-99 ; 
the University of California and 
Yale University, from the latter he 
received his LL.B. degree in 1903 and 
LL.M. degree in 1904 ; President of 
the College of Communications, 1910-11 ; 
secretary to the President of China 
and concurrently counsellor to the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1912 ; 
Commissioner for Foreign Affairs for 
Kiangsu, 1913 ; Commissioner for 
Foreign Affairs for Anhwei and con- 
currently Superintendent of Customs 
at Wuhu, 1913-15; President of 
Tsinghua College, 1918 ; coupsellor to 
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 
1921-24 ; technical expert to the Chinese 
Delegation to the Washington Con- 
ference, 1921 ; he is now living in 
retirement in Peiping. 




Yuan-shan Diana (Chang Yuan-shan) 



1*4 



YUAN-SHAN DJANG, Famine Relief 
Commission ; born at Soochow, Kiangsu 
in 1892 ; after receiving his preliminary 
education in Soochow schools he studied 
at Kiangnan Provincial College, Nan- 
king from 1907-10 and at Tsing Hua 
College for a few months before 
obtaining a scholarship ; went to 
America and entered Cornell University 
in 1911, receiving an A.B. degree in 
1915; chief manager of the Chinese 
Students Monthly and editor of the 
Chinese Students' Annual, 1913-14 ; on 
his return to China he was appointed 
chemist of the Chihli Provincial 
Industrial Laboratory and of the Pei 
Yang Plague Prevention Bureau ; and 
at the same time lectured on sanitary 
chemistry at the National University, 
Peking ; taught in the Chihli Middle 
School at Tientsin for three years : 
later he became editor of the Ladies' 
Journal, Shanghai and for a time was 
English secretary to Bureau of Foreign 
Affairs of Chihli and adviser to the 
Chihli police administration ; appointed 
general secretary of the Anti-Narcotic 
Society, Tientsin, 1918 ; served as 
general secretary of the North China 
International Society for Famine Relief, 
1920-21 ; appointed associate executive 
secretary of the China International 
Famine Relief Commission in January, 
1922 and its executive secretary in 
November, 1928, which position he still 
holds ; in this work he has been 
specially interested in the promotion 
of it* program for the introduction of 
rural co-operative credit societies among 



the villages of Hopei province; this 
work now extends into several pro- 
vinces, including Kiangsi, Anhwei, 
Hunan, Hupeh, Shensi, etc., concur- 
rently, he is director of two government 
bureaus for promotion of rural co- 
operation in North China and Shensi 
Province ; he holds membership or 
offices in several public organizations 
including the Chinese Red Cross, of 
which he was chief secretary for one 
year; Western Returned Students' 
Club, general secretary for four years ; 
member of the board of directors of 
Tsing Hua College; Rotary Club of 
Peking, 1924 ; member of the board of 
directors of the Rotary Club in 1928 
and its secretary, 1929-30 President, 
1934-35 ; author of numerous articles 
for botb foreign and Chinese journals 
and a number of pamphlets including 
"An Outline of a System of School 
Calculated to Promote Mass Education 
in China" "Ledger Account for House- 
hold Expenses ;" "Secretary-ship for 
Social Service Institutions (Commercial 
Press, 1929) ; "Essays" (1933) : 
appointed Director of the Department of 
Cooperatives, Ministry of Industry, 1985 ; 
address: China International Famine 
Relief Commission, Peiping or North 
China Commission on Rural Co-opera- 
tion, 18 Hsi Tang Tze Hutung, Peiping. 



J. C. Chao Chi (Chao Chi) 

a & 

J. C. CHAO CHI. retired govern- 
ment See Page 36 4th edition. 




Chao Chleh 



CHAO CHIEH, railway engineer; 
born in Tientsin in 1879 ; graduate of 
Shanhaikwan Railway Engineering 
School ; assistant engineer of Peiping- 
Kalgan Railway, 190S ; assistant 
engineer and senior engineer of 
Lo-Tung Railway, 1910 ; sub-chief of 
section of Lung Hai Railway, 1913 ; 
surveying at Hsuchow on a branch 
line of Tientsin-Pukow Railway to 
Chia Wang Coal Mining District, 1917 ; 
surveying at Tzu-Hsien on a branch 
line of Peiping-Hankow Railway to E-Li 
Coal Mining District. 1918 ; chief of 
section at Sin Lo Ch'iao of Peiping- 
'Hankow Railway, 1920 ; loaned out to 
T'sang Shih Railway as an engineer 
in charge, 1920 ; district engineer of 
T'sang Shih Railway, 1921 ; returned 
to Peking-Hankow Railway, 1922, as 
engineer in designing department ; 
loaned out to Men-Chai Railway as 
chief engineer 1923 ; returned to 
Peiping-Hankow Railway July, 1925 ; 
since December, 1926 to date engaged 
as chief engineer of Kirin-Hailung 
Railway. 




Chao Chins-hua 

M. Jk #• £ & ^ 

CHAO CHINC-HUA, retired railway 
official ; born at Chinghua, Chekiang, 
1879 ; was graduated from the Govern- 
ment school of telegraphy at Canton, 
1892 ; director of the telegraph 
administration of Kwangtung province, 
1892-97 ; secretary to the Director- 
General of Government Railways of the 
Ministry of Communications, 1907 ; 
managing-director of the Canton- 
Kowloon Railway, 1909 ; managing 
director of the Tientsin-Pukow Railway, 
1914 ; manager of the Shanghai office 
of the Bank of Communications, 1916 ; 
secretary to the Cabinet, 1921 ; he is 
now living in retirement. 



' 



•m 




Chan Hemj-tl 

& te \h % A f- 

CHAO HENG-TI, retired army officer ; 
born at Hsiang-tan, Hunan, 1880 ; 
graduate of the Japanese Military 
Cadets' College in Tokyo, Japan, 
specializing in artillery ; during the 
1911 _ Revolution, he joined the 
Kuomintang party and was appointed 
commander of a revolutionary army in 
Hunan ; after the establishment of the 
Republic, he went to Peking and owing 
to his intimate relation with the 
Kuomintang, he was arrested by Yuan 
Shih-kai, but later released through 
the efforts of Tan Yen-kai (then 
Governor of Hunan) ; Commander-in- 
Chief of Hunan Provincial Forces, 
1916 ; Military Governor of Hunan, 
1923 ; Civil Governor of Hunan 192ft. 
26; during the Northern Punitive 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



19 




^vo« v o{ tlle Nat '° naI ' 8 t Army in i National Expositions under the auspices 

1926, he allied with the Peking Govern- of the Ministry of Industry, Commerce 
ment and was defeated by Tang: Shen- and Labor; in the same year he 
chi of the Southern Forces ; he has declined the appointments as Chief of 
been living in retirement since 1926. the Department of Commerce of the 

Ministry of Industry, Commerce and 
Labor_ and the Vice-Ministership of 
the Ministry ; appointed to and accepted 
the posts of Director of the Shanghai 
Office of the Ministry of Industry, 
Commerce and Labor, Director of the 
Bureau of Industrial and Commercial 
Information of the same Ministry and 
the Vice-Minister of the Ministry of 
Industries ; now Director of Stamp, 
Wine and Tobacco Tax Collectorate of 
Chekiang ; he was a member of the 
Board of Directors of University of 
Shanghai Medical Department of 
Central University, Great China 
University, Kwang Hua University, 
Utopia University, Fuh Tan University, 
and Shanghai Daw College ; Deacon of 
the Baptist Church, Chairman of the 
Shanghai Y.M.C.A. ; Vice-Chairman of 
the National Committee Y.M.C.A. ; 
Chairman of the Board of the Baptist 
Publication Society ; Director of the 
Pootung Electric Works ; Director of 
the Town Syndicate ; Director of the 
Shanghai Minghong Bus Co. ; Director 
of the China Chemical Works, etc. 
Chairman of the Board of Directors of 
Ka Wah Savings Bank and New Asia 
Hotel ; Managing Director of the 
Shanghai Poor Children's Home, 
Director of the Red Cross Society and 
Hospital ; Director of Cheng Chung 
Hospital; Director of Chung San 
Medical Administration ; Director of 
Ren Tsi Benevolent Institute ; Chairman 
of Anti-Opium Society; address: Ln. 
591, 110 Bubbling Well Road, Shanghai. 



S. U. Zau (Chao Hsi-en) 

it <* *. 4 # *f 

S. U. ZAU, Government official and 
business man ; born at Shanghai in 
1884 ; received his early . education 
under private tutors preparatory to 
taking the literary examinations and 
also studied English ; when modern 
schools replaced the literary examina- 
tion he took entrance examinations at 
the Telegraph Administration, the 
Kiangnan Naval Academy and the 
Peiyang Medical College and passed all 
with distinction ; when the Shanhai- 
kwan Railway College was removed to 
Shanghai during the Boxer trouble, he 
entered Nanyang College which is 
now known as Chiaotung University 
and also passed the Customs examina- 
tions ; joined the Christian Church 
during this period ; appointed postal 
officer at Tatung, Anhwei in 1902, but 
soon resigned ; engaged by the Christian 
Literature Society to edit an encyclo- 
pedia for the Society ; at the same time 
he served as Trustee of the Ming Jang 
and Elia Yates Girls' schools ; elected 
Vice-Chairman of the Chinese Volunteer 
Corps, Shanghai, in 1911 ; in 1912 his 
plan for the taxation of wine and 
tobacco was accepted by the Central 
Government and is the basis for the 
present system ; commissioner for 
raising the 3rd and 4th year Govern- 
ment Loan for Kiangsu and Chekiang 
in 1914 for which he was decorated 
with Chiaho ; appointed advisor to the 
Cjvil Governors of Chekiang and 
Shantung : advisor to the Cabinet in 
1918 and the same year was elected 
Director of the Chinese General 
Chamber of Commerce of Shanghai ; 
advisor to the Commission of Taxation 
on Tobacco and Wine in 1921 ; Govern- 
ment Special Delegate to the Commer- 
cial Conference in 1922 : Vice-Chairman 
for the Rendition of Shanghai Mixed 
Court; advisor to the Ministry of 
the Interior in 1924 ; Chairman on 
the Committees to raise funds for 
the National Government in Shanghai, 
1927 ; Chairman of the General Chamber 
of Commerce of Shanghai and member 
cf Financial Commission in 1928 ; when 
the Shanghai Municipal Council opened 
its seats to Chinese in 1928 he was one 
of the first three Chinese Councillors ; 
member of the Tariff Commission ; 
member of the Commission to study 
the Wine and Tobacco Administration ; 
delegate to the Conference of National 
Communication and Chairman of the 




H. T. Chao (Chao Huan-lang) 
* &£- % ± * 

H. T. CHAO, retired railway engineer ; 
born at P'ingtu, Shantung, 1873 ; 
received his engineering education at 
Tsingtao and started his career as a 
draftsman ; assistant engineer of the 
Hsuchow section of the Tientsin-Pukow 
Railway, 1911 ; chief of the engineering 
section of the Tientsin-Pukow Railway 
Administration, 1914 ; acting chief 
engineer of the northern section of the 
Tientsin-Pukow Railway, 1917 ; chief of 
the engineering department of the 
Chefoo-Weihsien Railway, 1920 ; acting 
director of the railways department of 
the Ministry of Communications and 
concurrently Director-General of Gov- 
ernment Railways, 1922 ; managing- 
director of the Pien-lo Railway, 1928 ; 
no further information has been 
received since 1928. 




G. T. Chao (Chao Kuo-tsal) 

* m M f M f$ 

G. T. CHAO, retired Government 
official and university president ; born 
at Shanghai, Kiangsu, 1879 ; attended 
St. John's University at Shanghai, 
graduating with B. A. degree in 1906; 
was sent to America as a government 
student, where he studied political 
science at Cornell University and 
the University of Wisconsin, receiving 
from the latter B. A. degree in 1910 
and M.A. degree in 1911 ; vice-president 
of Tsinghua College 1913 and in that 
capacity, revisited America ; acting- 
director of the Chinese Educational 
Mission at Washington, D.C., 1915-16 ; 
acting President of the Tsinghua 
College at various times from 1914-17 ; 
director of the Chinese Educational 
Mission at Washington, 1920 ; re- 
appointed vice-president of the Tsing- 
hua College, 1922-25 ; no further 
information has been received since 
1925. 




Or. Chao Lien-fang 

& it £ $ % % ■ 
DR. CHAO LIEN-FANG, agricultural 
expert and Government official ; born 
in Lo-Shan, Honan, 1896 ; graduated 
from Tsing Hua College in 1921 ; left 
for the United States of America for 
advanced education in the summer of 
1922 ; received the degree of B.S. in 
agronomy from the Iowa State College 
of Agriculture and Mechanical Arts 
in 1924, M.S. in 1926; Ph.D. in Plant 
Breeding from the University of 
Wisconsin, 1927 ; carried on reseach 
project in Plant Breeding at Cornell 



20 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



University 1927-28 ; returned to China 
June, 1928 ; professor of Farm Crop? 
at the University of Nanking, 1928 ; 
head of Agronomy Department of the 
Agricultural Bureau of Kwangsi ; 
Professor of Plant Breeding and Head 
of the Agronomy Department of the 
Agricultural College of the National 
Central University and also Senior 
Specialist in Rice Breeding, concur- 
rently he served on the committee of 
Agricultural Economics under the 
National Defence Commission ; member 
of the Agricultural Reconstruction 
Commission of the Executive Yuan ; 
Director of the Agricultural Bureau of 
the National Economic Council, since 
1934 ; author of "Linkage study in Rice" 
(with Chinese translation) ; "The 
disturbing effect of the glutinous gene 
in Rice on a Mendelian ratio" and 
"Theories and Practices in Rice Breed- 
ing (in Chinese) ;" address: 604 Chung 
Shan Road, Nanking. 




Edward M. P. Chao (Chao Mel-pa) 

it & 4k 

EDWARD M. P. CHAO, artist and 
musician ; Laureat of the Brussels Royal 
Conservatory ; born at Ningpo, Che- 
king, 1907 ; first was graduated from 
Ningpo English Methodist College and 
later from the University of Shanghai ; 
received his early musical training 
from Dr. E. J. Anderson ; studied under 
Herbert Cave, tenor of Convent Garden, 
London, 1925, and then under Prof. P. 
Selivanoff, of the Petragrad Imperial 
Opera, 1026-29; in charge of Music 
Department of Wayland Academy, 
Hangchow, 1926 ; assistant of music, 
University of Shanghai and Academy 
of Shanghai, 1927 ; instructor of music 
appreciation and chorus conducting, 
University of Shanghai, Shanghai Arts 
Academy, 1928 ; instructor of music, 
the Eastern Intercollegiate Summer 
School ; went to Europe on a govern- 
mental scholarship 1929 and was 
admitted in the class of Maurice 
Weynandt for professional singing ; 
selected as a soloist of the leading 
Brussels Oratorio concerts, "Concerts 
Spirituels," and participated in Mendels- 
sohn's "Elijah," Wagner's "Parsifal," 
and Henrich Schutz's "La Passion selon 
Saint Matthieu," 1932 ; soloist of the 
Belgium National Broadcasting concerts, 
save public recital at Geneva during 
the Sino-Japan Incident, in the presence 
of Ministers Wellington Koo, Quo 
Tai-chi, Victor Hoo, Lo Chung-I, W. 
S. King, T. Chien. 1933 April; won a 
First Prize and Elkin Prize for artistic 
singing and interpretation according to 
Western classical method in a public 
competition with 53 European singers, 



judged by a jury of world known 
authorities ; after graduation he appear- 
ed in many cities in Belgium ; visited 
England Winter, 1933 and sang in 
London and Oxford ; toured America 
1934 ; has given recitals in New York, 
Brooklyn, New Jersey, Lewisburg, 
Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Washington 
D. C, Virginia, Baltimore etc. : ap- 
peared in the National Broadcasting 
net-work many times ; maintains a 
Vocal Studio in Baltimore doing part 
time teaching besides concert trips : 
director of an American Women's 
Chorus in Baltimore, "Mei-Pa En- 
semble," organized by the graduates of 
Goucher College ; has accepted the chair 
of professorship of singing and chorus 
conducting at the National Conservatory 
of Music, Shanghai ; a member of the 
Musical Committee of the Ministry of 
Education ; he is the first professional 
singer and accomplished artist, carefully 
trained in Western classical method, 
and has been unanimously praised by 
the critics of both the Continent and 
the United States for his Highly artistic 
accomplishment ; his devoted professor 
M. Weynandt has recently published a 
Study, specially dedicated to him, in 
the leading French Musical Edition 
A. L. Hetch, "Repertoire Moderne de 
Vocalises-Etudes" ; he has transcribed 
some Chinese folk songs to art songs 
with success ; author of "Introductory 
Course in Western Muisc" (1926 Com- 
mercial Press), "La Cloche Jaune" 
published in Brussels and reprinted in 
Lyon, France ; recently he translated it 
into English, "The Yellow Bell" (a 
brief sketch of the history of Chinese 
Music) published in Baltimore, Reese 
Press ; address : Barberry Hill, Baldwin, 
Maryland, U.S.A. 




Thomas Ming-heng Chao (Chao Ming-heng) 

it 4t i* 

THOMAS MING - HENG CHAO, 

journalist ; born at Nanking, 1904 : 
graduate of Tsinghua College, Peiping, 
1923; B.A. Colorado College, 1924; B.J. 
University of Missouri, 1925 ; M.S. in 
Journalism, Columbia University, 1926 ; 
chief Editor, Chinese Students' Monthly, 
1926-27 ; Assistant Editor, Peking 
Leader, 1927-28 ; Nanking correspondent, 
Associated Press of America, 1928-34 ; 
Manager and Chief Correspondent of 
the Nanking Bureau of the Renter's 
Service, since 1928 ; address : 6 Wu Tai 
Shan Terrace, Nanking. 




Chao Nai-chuan 

it *€. # 

sity, 1913-20 ; entered Teachers' College 
of Columbia University, 1920 ; upon 
graduation with B.S. degree he took 
post-graduate work in Columbia 
University ; after obtaining M.A. degree, 
he returned to China and became 
professor and concurrently head of 
publications department of Peiping 
Normal University, 1922 ; professor of 
Peking Teachers' College for Girls and 
China University and editor of the 
New Educational Weekly Review, 1925 ; 
secretary of Board of Trustees of the 
China Foundation for the Promotion 
of Education and Culture and concur- 
rently professor of Peiping Normal 
University, 1926 ; appointed secretary 
of Third National Chun Shan University 
at Hangchow, 1928 ; later became 
division head of Ministry of Education 
and concurrently professor of National 
Central University ; promoted counsellor 
of Ministry of Education, 1929 and in 
the winter of 1930, he concurrently 
acted as chief secretary of Ministry 
of Education ; member of Legislative 
Yuan, professor of National Central 
University and technical member of 
Commission en Amendment of Admini- 
strative Laws attached to the Central 
Political Council since 1931 ; writer on 
educational subjects ; address : Legisla- 
tive Yuan, Nanking. 




Chao Pi-Hen 

CHAO NAI-CHUAN, Government M %■ M- %■ SL 'f[ 

official and educationalist ; born at , 

Hangchow, Chekiang 1890; graduated CHAO PI-LEN, Government official; 
from Peking Normal University, 1913 ; born at Wutai, Shansi, 1881 ; was 
instructor at Peking Normal Univer- j graduated from the foreign language 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



21 



school of Shansi University; joined 
the Tung Meng Hui to undertake 
revolutionary propaganda in Mongolia ; 
chief secretary to the Shansi Military 
Government during the 1911 Revolu- 
tion ; commissioner of civil affairs of 
Shansi Provincial Government, 1912 ; 
when the peace was carried out between 
the North and South, he was appointed 
a staff officer to the Headquarters of 
Tutuh of Shanghai and also delegate 
of the Kuomintang in managing party 
affairs in Shansi, 1912 ; owing his 
particular interest in social affairs, he 
established the Ping Min Technical 
Factory, the Kuny I Daily News and 
also held many posts as head of the 
Shansi industrial association, head of 
the Min Chih association and editor 
of the Industrial Magazine; magistrate 
of Chantse in Shansi, chief of the 
military secretariate of Shansi Head- 
quarters, and principal of Shansi 
Government Normal School, 1922-25 ; 
representative of Yen Hsi-shan to the 
Nationalist Government first at Hankow 
and later at Nanking, 1926 ; commis- 
sioner of agriculture and mining of 
Shansi Provincial Government, 1927 ; 
dean of the department of politics of 
the Shansi Military Training Institute, 
1927 ; elected member of the State 
Council, the Central Political Council 
and the standing committee of the 
Military Council of the Nationalist 
Government at NanKing ; vice Minister 
of Interior of Nanking Government 
and party affairs director for Shansi, 
1928 ; chief of the general political 
training department of the National 
3rd Group Army and member of the 
Standing Committee of the National 
Famine Relief Commission, 1928 ; 
member of the Central Executive 
Committee of the Kuomintang, since 
1929 ; member of the Peiping Enlarged 
Session of the Kuomintang, 1930 ; 
member of the Canton Extraordinary 
Session of the Kuomintang, 1931 ; 
appointed Vice-Chairman of the Mon- 
golian and Tibetan Affairs Commission, 
1932, which post he now holds ; during 
the agitation of the Mongolian people 
for self-government in 1933, he accom- 
panied General Huang Shao-hsiung to 
Inner Mongolia to pacify the Mongolians 
and help in the establishment of the 
Mongolian Local Political Affairs 
Council at Pailinlgmiao ; address : 
Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs Com- 
mission, Nanking. 



nia, Philadelphia, 1923, receiving his 
degree of Master in Architecture ; 
while practising in the United States, 
he was responsible for the design 
of several important buildings in 
Philiadelphia and New York City ; 
following one year tour in European 
countries in 1926 to make further 
study of architecture, he returned to 
China and established his practice at 
Shanghai in 1927 under the firm name 
of Allied Architects ; in the course of 
his professional career, he has designed 
a number of the finest buildings, such 
as the Nanking Theatre, the Metropole 
Theatre, the Boulevard de Montigny 
Y.M.C.A. Building, the National Com- 
mercial Bank (Shanghai), the Ministry 
of Railways Building, the Officers' 
Moral Endeavour Association, and the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Building 
in Nanking ; he has won many 
honors in architectural competitions ; 
in 1925, he was awarded First Honorary 
Prize in the competition for the design 
of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum, 
Nanking ; in 1930, he was awarded 
First prize in the competition for Dr. 
Sun's Memorial Pagoda, Nanking, and 
in the same year, was again awarded 
First Prize in the competition for the 
planning of the City Government 
Buildings for the Municipality of 
Greater Shanghai ; he is now serving 
on the Architectural Board for the 
planning of the Stadium, Museum and 
Library for the new Shanghai Civic 
Center; member Tau Sigma Delta, 
University of Pennsylvania Alumnus, 
Tsing Hua Alumni Association, Shang- 
hai Banker's Club, Y's Men's Club of 
Shanghai, International Club, Nanking, 
and Society of Chinese Architects, of 
which he was president in 1932 ; 
address : 110 Szechuan Road, Shanghai. 




SHEN CHAO, 

Wusih, Kiangsu ; 
ColWe. Peipiner 



Shen Chao (Chao Sheng) 
architect, 



Chao Shih-pei 

it£ dr it 

CHAO SHIH-PEI, judicial official; 
born at Hsinhui, Kwangtung, 1871 ; was 
graduated from Columbia University 
with Ph.D. degree; participated in 
revolutionary activities and became a 
member of* Tungmenghui, predecessor 
of Kuomintang ; senator of the Peking 
Parliament, 1912 ; president of the 
Canton Supreme Court, 1913 ; member 
of the Legislative Yuan of the National 
Government, 1929-32; chief procurator 
of the District Court for the Second 
Special Area (French Concession), 
since 1932; address: Second Special 
Area District Court, Shanghai. 




born at 
graduate, Tsinghua 
1919 ; graduate 



architecture, University of Pennsylva- 



CHAO TAI-WEN, Government offi- 
cial ; born at Wu Tai Hsien, Shansi 
in 1867 ; known among his Shansi 
comrades as the "Old Mr. Chao" ; he 
is one of the oldest revolutionists, 
having become a follower of Dr. Sun 
Yat-sen while a student in Japan ; 
while still in that country he was 
much "wanted" by the Imperial Ching 
Court and was threatened with arrest, 
or worse, should he return to Shansi ; 
in the face of this he presented himself 
to his home authorities, but surprised 
by this act they tried to dissuade him 
from his beliefs instead of arresting 
him ; he was eventually made proctor 
of the Shansi Agricultural College and 
while in this position imparted revolu- 
tionary ideas to a large number of 
students, including Yen Hsi-shan, who 
finally joined the Tungmenghui (pre- 
decessor of the Kuomintang) ; he took 
part in the capture of Taiyuan during 
the First Revolution in 1911 ; since that 



Chao Tai-wen 

*t-Jt * ' 4P -. *. ft 

time he has acted most of the time as 
adviser to Yen Hsi-shan and has been 
very active in civic and educational 
activities in Shansi ; he retired from 
public life for a time, but in October, 
1928 he became Minister of Interior 
at Nanking ; owing to the political split 
between the North and South and the 
setting up of the Northern Coalition 
by Generals Yen Hsi-shan and Feng 
Yu-hsiang early in 1930 he was forced 
to resign the ministership and retired 
to Shansi; member of the State Council 
of the National Government, since 1932 ; 
assistant directing commissioner of the 
Mongolian Local Autonomy Political 
Council, since 1934 ; address : c/o Shansi 
Provincial Government, Taiyuan, Shansi. 




Chao Tl 



CHAO TI, retired army officer; born 
at Jushan, Honan, 1871 ; entered the 
army service at age of 24 ; Pacification 
Commissioner of Shensi, 1912 ; Inspec- 
tor-General of Shansi, 1913 ; for his 
suppressing the- bandit leader "the 
White Wolf" he was promoted Military 
Governor of Honan and concurrently 
Commissioner of Civil Affairs ; governed 
Honan for nine successive years and 
during his tenure of office, peace and 
order reigned throughout the province ; 
he has been living in retirement since 
1922. 



22 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




T. C. Chao (Chao Tsi-cheng) 

4| * * 

T. C. CHAO, university professor; 
born in Chekiang in 1888 ; B.A. from 
Soochow University, Soochow, 1910 ; 
M.A. and B.D., Vanderbilt University, 
Nashville, Tenn., 1916 and 1917; D. 
Litt. conferred by Soochow University, 
1927 ; professor of sociology and 
religion at Soochow University, 1917-23 ; 
professor of philosophy at Soochow 
University, 1923-25 ; professor of 
philosophy of Christianity at Yenching 
University, Peking, 1926 to the present ; 
dean of the school of religion at 
Yenching University, 1928 to the 
present ; delegate to the general con- 
ference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church South, held in Oklahoma City, 
U.S.A., 1914 ; member of World Student 
Christian Federation Conference, held 
in Peking, 1922 ; member of the 
National Christian Conference, held in 
Shanghai, 1922 ; delegate to the 
enlarged meeting of the International 
Missionary Council held in Jerusalem, 
1928 ; member of the National Com- 
mittee of the Y.M.C.A., 1922 to the 
present ; member of the National 
Christian Council, 1922 to the present ; 
author ; "A Philosophy of Christianity," 
"Jesus' Philosophy of Life" and "An 
Interpretation of the Jerusalem Con- 
ference" (all in Chinese) ; "Our 
Cultural Heritage," "Present Day 
Religious Thought and Life in China," 
"Intellectual Leadership and Citizen- 
ship" and "Status of Christian 
Literature" (all in English) ; co-author; 
"China Her Own Interpreter," "China 
Today Through Chinese Eyes" and 
"China Christian Year Book 1929" (all 
in English) ; address: Yenching Univer- 
sity, Peiping. 



Chao Wen-jul 
& X $L 



CHAO WEN-JUI, Government offi- 
cial. Deceased. 
(See Page 42, 4th Edition). 



CHAO YU-CHIN, Government official ; 
born at Taiko, Shansi, 1880 ; since 
1913, he has served successively as 
Brigadier-Commander of the Vanguard 
Force of the Expeditionary Army to 
Mongolia ; Garrison Commander of 
Paotao, Suiyuan ; Garrison Commander 
of Ningpao, Ninghsia, 1917 ; senior 
staff officer at the Headquarters of 
the Military Governor of Shansi and 
concurrently superintendent of the 
Highway Construction Administration 
of Shansi province ; director of the 




Chao Yu-chin 



$ & * A & 



Preparatory Office of the North-western 
National Highway System, 1921 ; Chief - 
of-Staff to the Headquarters of the 
Tutung of Suiyuan ; Commander of 
Cavalry Division of the Vanguard Force 
of the Northern Punitive Expeditionary 
Army, 1925 ; Commander-in-Chief of 
the Honan Provincial Military and 
concurrently Commander-in-Chief of 
the Honan Bandit-suppression Forces, 
1927 ; Garrison Commander of Western 
Honan ; member of Honan Provincial 
Government ; Mayor of Chengchow 
Municipality and concurrently Garrison 
Commander of Chengchow ; Pacification 
Commissioner of Shansi ; expert 
attached to the Ministry of Industries ; 
President of the National Goods 
Emporium at Shanghai ; member of 
the National Flood Relief Commission 
and concurrently special Commissioner 
of the Commission stationed in Hunan ; 
now, member of the Shensi Provincial 
Government and concurrently Commis- 
sioner of Reconstruction ; address : 
Department of Reconstruction, Shensi 
Provincial Government, Sian, Shensi. 



Chao Yu-ke 
& 2. Pi % -J- %r 
CHAO YU-KE, army officer. 
(See Page 42-3, 4th Edition). 



Y. R. CHAO, philologist, author and 
university professor ; native of Kiangsu ; 
born at Tientsin, Chihli, 1892 ; received 
his advanced education in America, 
where he studied at Cornell and 
Harvard Universities, graduating with 
B.A. and Ph.D. degrees in 1914 and 
1918 respectively ; instructor in physics 
at Cornell University, 1919-20 ; inter- 
preter for Bertrand Russell during the 
latter's visit to China on a lecture 
tour, 1920-21 ; instructor in Chinese 
and philosophy at Harvard University, 
1921-24 ; research professor at Tsing 
Hua University, Peiping, 1925-29 ; 
member of the board of trustees of the 
China Foundation for Promotion of 
Education and Culture, 1928-1932; 
research fellow in the National Institute 
of History and Philology, Academia 
Simett* ^Nanking, 1929 ; one of the 
foun'ders of the Science Society of 
China, Nanking ; author of "A New 
Book of Rhymes," "Textbook of the 
National Language" ; "A Phonograph 
Course in the Chinese National 
Language" ; "Studies in the Wu- 




Y. R. Chao (Chao Yuan-ren) 

lift 

Dialects" ; composer of "Songs of 
Contemporary Poets f translatpr qf 
Lewis Carroll's "Alice's Adventures in 
Wonderland" ; and "Through the 
Looking-Glass" ; and A. A. Milne's 
"The Camberley Triangle" ; author and 
speaker of "Basic English Records," 
1934 and "Shin Gwoyeu Liousheng 
Piann" (New National Language 
Records). 1935; address: c/o Academia 
Sinica, Nanking. 




Chiao I -tang 

M . & it $ $ A 

CHAIO I-TANG, President of Sup- 
reme Court ; born at Wukung, Shensi, 
1875 ; was graducted from the law depart- 
ment of the Peking National Institute ; 
joined the Tungmenghui two years before 
the establishment of the Republic and 
engaged in revolutionary work in Sheusi ; 
responded to the revolutionary call to 
arms in Sian, (capital of Shensi) during 
the 1911 Revolution and upon establish- 
ment of the Republic, was elected 
member of the Shensi provincial as- 
sembly and concurrently director of 
general affairs in the Headquarters of 
Tutuh of Shensi 1912 ; elected member 
of the first Parliament at Peking, 1913 ; 
when Yuan Shih-kai launched his 
Monarchial Movement, he left Peking 
for Shensi and there organised an 
expeditionary army against Yuan ; upon 
failure of his plan, he escaped to 
Shanghai and when the Parliament was 
reconvoked after Yuan's death, he was 
commissioned by the Kuomintang to 
Peking to observe the Peking Govern- 
ment ; when the Parliament was for the 



second time illegally dissolved, he went 
to Canton and there sat on the Extra- 
ordinary Parliament which elected Dr. 
Sun Yat-sen Generalissimo and organised 
the Constitutional Defense Force; while 
in Canton, he was appointed councillor 
to the Headquarters of the Generalissimo 
and later special military commissioner 
to Shensi and Honan to plan revolu- 
tionary activities in Central China ; 
Jater, he came to Tientsin and organised 
the Military Committee to plan military 
activities in the North ; after the final 
defeat of 2nd Kuominchun Army, he 
was appointed by Gen. Chiang Kai-shek 
Pacification Commissioner to the Army ; 
elected a reserve member of the Central 
Executive Committee of Kuomintang, 
1927 ; member of the Legislative Yuan 
and concurrently chairman of the law 
drafting Committee of the Yuan ; 
member of the examination commission 
of the Examination Yuan and member 
of the National Opium Suppression 
Commission of the National Govern- 
ment; now President of the Supreme 
Court of the National Government ; 
address : Supreme Court, Nanking. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



23 



Che Ching-yun 

# 4 ft $ sfe * 

CHE CHING-YUN, army officer. 
<See Page 43, 4th Edition). 




Chen Chang-lok Chen Chang-Ion) 
«. -&# 

CHEN CHANG-LOK, Consular Ser- 
vice; born at Tai-Shan district, 
Kwangtung, 1886 ; studied at North- 
western University, Yale University 
and the University of Chicago, obtain- 
ing the degrees of Ph.B. and J.D. ; 
Professor of English at the National 
University of Peking, Nanyang College, 
Shanghai, and Chung Shan University, 
Canton ; Official positions held at 
various times : — English secretary and 
later Director of the 2nd Department 
of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of 
the National Government at Canton ; 
Superintendent of Customs and Com- 
missioner of Foreign Affairs of Kiung- 
chow, 1925 ; Commissioner of Foreign 
Affairs of Canton, 1927 ; Director of 
the Bureau of Propaganda of the 
Political Council of the Southwest, 
1928; appointed Superintendent of 
Customs of Kiungchow, 1929; Consul- 
General at Singapore, 1930-32 ; Consul- 
General at San Francisco, U.S.A., 
1932-34; address: 303 Des Voeux Road, 
C, Hongkong. 



Ch'en Chao-chun 



VJ 



CH'EN CHAO-CHUN, army officer. 
(See Page 44, 4th Edition). 




Chen Shut-kai (Chen Chao-jui) 
& *. * 3F # & 

CHUN SHUT-KAI, merchant; born 
at Hsian-shan, Kwangtung, 1873 ; after 
graduating from Queen's College 
and Hongkong University, he came to 
Shanghai to engage in business ; joined 
Messrs. Butterfield and Swire, where 
his father was then compradore of 
the company; after few years' service 
in the company and the death of his 
father, he succeeded him as compradore 
of the company ; at various times he 
also served as a director of the Canton 
Guild, the Shantung Road Hospital, 
the Pootung Hospital and the Union 
Club ; executive member of the Shang- 
hai Chinese General Chamber of 
Commerce and adviser to the Ministry 
of Communications of the former 
Peking Government. 




Gen. Chen Cheng 



GEN. CHEN CHENG, army officer; 
born at Ching-Tien, Chekiang, 1900 ; 
received his military training at the 
Paoting Military Officers' College and 
upon graduation, successively served 
as instructor in the Whampoa Military 



Cadets' Academy, company commander, 
regiment commander and field-com- 
mander of the artillery corps of the 
Nationalist Revolutionary Forces ; chief 
of military education bureau of the 
Military Council ; departmental director 
in the Canton Military Government; 
commander of the 18th Nationalist 
Army. 1930 ; commander of the 4th 
Nationalist Division with headquarters 
at Nanchang, Kiangsi ; Field Comman- 
der of the Northern Route of the 
Communist Suppression Forces for the 
Provinces of Kiangsi, Kwangtung. 
Fukien, Hunan and Hupeh, 1934 ; now. 
Director of the Military Readjustment 
Committee of the Wuchang Provisional 
Headquarters of the President of 
ths Military Affairs Commission ; he 
participated in practically all the 
battles of the Northern Punitive and 
Anti-Rebel Expeditions and rendered 
meritorious services to the Nationalist 
cause ; besides devoting himself to 
military duties he is also interested in 
the study of political science and 
economics ; through the introduction 
of Gen Chiang Kai shek, he married 
Miss Tan Chang, daughter of the late 
President Tan Yen-kai of the Execu- 
tive Yuan in Jan. 1932; address: 
Wuchang Military Headquarters, Wu- 
chang, Hupeh. 




Chen Chin-sien (Chen Cheng-hsien 

& tkJL $ i$ * 

CHEN CHIN-SIEN, college professor ; 
born in Fat-shan, Kwangtung, 1877 ; 
was graduated from the University of 
California in 1907 with B. Sc. degree; 
Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, 
1912-13 and concurrently Minister of 
Education, 1913 ; senator, 1918-21 ; 
professor of economics, Customs College 
Peiping 1927 to the present ; did 
irrigation work on the Yung-Ting River 
in Hopei to prevent flood in 1920 and 
made an irrigation level ; made several 
reflecting telescopes from 5% to 18 
inches in diameter without aid of 
machinery ; author of the following 
books ; "My View of Integral Calculus," 
"Chen's Phonetic System," "Historical 
Sketch of Chinese Astronomy and 
Astronomical Instruments" "Develop- 
ment of Chinese Calendar," "View of 
Lite and the Future of the Nation," 
"Essays on the Theory of International 
Trade," "Retrospect and Prospect of 
Our Import Duties," and "Eclipses in 
China as recorded in 4,000 years of 
Chinese History (in preparation) : 
address : Customs College, Peiping. 



24 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Chi-pao Chen (Chen Chi-pao) 

CHI - PAO CHEN, Government 
official; born at Nanchang, Kiangsi, 
1897 ; entered Tsinghua College at 
Peking at age of 15 and during his 
academic years there, was once appoin- 
ted editor-in-chief of the Tsinghua 
Journal (a monthly publication by the 
College) ; was sent to America on a 
Boxer indemnity scholarship in 1918 
and there he enrolled at the Hamlin 
University; but before his gradation, 
he was appointed a member of the 
War Work Council and sent to France 
with the Y.M.C.A. as a secretary ; 
while in Europe, he travelled exten- 
sively and contributed to several papers 
in Paris; returned to Hamlin in 
1920 and received his B.A. degree in the 
same year ; studied at the University 
of Wisconsin and the University of 
Chicago and took his M.A. degree from 
the latter institution ; further postgrad- 
uate studies at the Teachers' College, 
Columbia University, receiving his Ph.D. 
degree upon publication of his thesis 
in 1932 ; made a member of China 
Delegation to the World Educational 
Conference held in San Francisco, 1923 ; 
upon returning to China, he joined the 
Southeastern University at Nanking 
and was first executive secretary and 
later dean of the University, 1923-25 ; 
principal of the Shanghai College of 
Commerce 1926-28 ; dean of the College 
of Education of the Central University, 
1929-32; head of the Educational 
Mission to Europe, 1932-33 ; member and 
concurrently Commissioner of Education 
of the Hupeh Provincial Government, 
since 1933 ; address : Department of 
Education, Hupeh Provincial Govern- 
ment, Wuchang, Hupeh. 



CHEN CHI-SHOU, retired Govern- 
ment official ; born at Haining, 
Chekiang, 1869 ; received his education 
urder private tutorship and passed the 
literary examinations ; served as magis- 
trate of various cities in Kiangsu 
under the Manchu regime ; magistrate 
of the Kiangn?.n Land and River Police 
and judge of various cities in the 
Soochow Circuit ; made a prefect with 
rank of an expectant Taotai under the 
Manchu Regime ; served under the Civil 
Governor of Chekiang, 1917 ; magistrate 




Chen Chi-shou (deceased) 

of the French Mixed Court, 1919 , 
he has been living in retirement since 
1919. 




Gen. Chen Chi-tang 

*** 
GEN. CHEN CHI - TANG, army 
Commander ; born at Fangchen, Kwang- 
tung, 1891 ; was graduated from the 
Kwangtung Military Primary School and 
the Kwangtung Military Academy ; major 
subject, infantry; following completion 
of his military training, he entered the 
army and after various promotions, he 
rose to the position of commander of 
the 45th battalion of the Hu Kuo Chun 
(National Protection Army), 1920; 
commander of the 1st battalion of 4th 
regiment of the 1st division of Kwang- 
tung Provincial Army, 1921 ; promoted 
commander of the 4th regiment of 
Kwangtung Provincial Army, 1922 ; 
commander of the 2nd brigade of the 
1st division of the Kwangtung Anti- 
Rebel Army, 1923-24 ; and concurrently 
Chief of Staff to the Headquarters for 
the Rehabilitation of Wuchow, Kwangsi, 
1924 ; commander of the 11th division 
of the 4th Nationalist Revolutionary 
Army, 1925-26 and concurrently garri- 
son commander of Kowchow, Luichow, 
Limchow and Yamchow in Southern 
Kwangtung, 1925 ; trip to Russia, 1926 ; 
field commander of the East Route 
Nationalist Army, 1927 ; Commander of 
the Nationalist Revolutionary Army, 
1928 ; commander of the 1st division 



of Kwangtung Provincial Army and 
concurrently director of military re- 
organization and disbandment matters 
in Kwangtung, 1929 ; Field-Commander- 
in chief of the 8th Route Army of the 
National Revolutionary Armies, 1930 ; 
Commander-in-Chief of the 1st Group 
Army Corps of the National Revolution- 
ary Army since 1931, and concurrently 
Commander-in-Chief of the Southern 
Route Army for Bandit-Suppression 
in the Provinces of Kiangsi, Kwang- 
tung, Fukien, Hunan and Hupeh since 
1933; author: "Recollections of the 
Anti-Red Campaigns", "Revolutionary 
Era and Action," "Psychological 
Reform," and "Collections of Speeches" ; 
address : Headquarters of the 1st Group 
Army Corps of the National Revolu- 
tionary Army, Canton, Kwangtung. 




Chen Chi-tsai 

CHEN CHI - TSAI, Government 
official ; born at Wuhsing, Chekiang, 
1879 ; brother of the late Gen. Chen 
Chi-mei, veteran revolutionist and 
Military Governor of Shanghai during 
the First Revolution; after finishing his 
Chinese classical education in China, 
he went to Japan in 1898 to study 
military science, where he was gradua- 
ted from the first class of the Japanese 
Military Officers' College in Tokyo ; 
since his return from Japan, he 
successively served as instructor of the 
Liang-kiang Military Training School, 
head instructor of the Hunan Military 
School, counsellor in the Liang-kiang 
Military Training Bureau, chief-of-staff 
of the 9th Occupation Army, commis- 
sioner of the Military Council, chief of 
the staff office in the Headquarters of 
the Tutuh of Kiangsu, director-general 
of the military surveying bureau and 
counsellor to the President ; joined the 
Kuomintang while studying in Japan 
and participated in many revolutionary 
movements ; after the success of the 
1926 Revolution, he was successively 
appointed member of the Chekiang 
Division of the Central Political Council, 
chairman of the Finance Commission 
for Chekiang, chief member of the 
Finance Commission for Kiangsu and 
Shanghai Special Municipality, member 
of the Chekiang Provincial Government 
and concurrently commissioner of fin- 
ance for Chekiang, superintendent of 
Shanghai Customs, member of the Huai 
River Conservancy, member of Kiangsu 
Provincial Government and concurrently 
commissioner of finance for Kiangsu; 
now General-Comptroller of the Na- 
tional Government ; address : General- 
Comptroller's Office, National Govern- 
ment, Nanking. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



25 




Chen Chla-tung 
&& #. 

CHEN CHIA-TUNG, Government 
official ; born at Kiating, Kiangsu 
August 1, 1887; received his early 
education under private tutors ; at- 
tended the College of Prisons in Japan, 
1900 ; on his return to China he was 
engaged in prison work at various 
places ; under the National Government 
he served as secretary to the Ministry 
of Finance, 1927 ; member of Anhwei 
Provincial Government and commissiner 
of finance, 1927 ; executive member of 
the Northern Expedition Committee, 
1927 ; sub-manager of the Chung Shing 
Mining Company, 1927 ; managing- 
director of the Peiping-Mukden Railway, 
1928 ; chairman of the Government 
Property Bureau of Hopei, 1928 ; 
member of Kiangsi Provincial Govern- 
ment and commissioner of finance, 1928 
to 1930 ; last known address : Kiangsi 
Provincial Government, Department of 
Finance, Nanchang. 




Chen Chieh 
& fr 9 & * 



CHEN CHIEH, banker and Govern- 
ment official ; native of Hunan ; born in 
Chekiang, 1885 ; was graduated from 
the Tokyo Imperial University ; went 
to Germany in 1907 and studied law 
and political economy in Berlin Uni- 
versity ; upon return to China in 1911, 
he joined the revolutionists and was 
appointed director of the commerce 
department of the Ministry of Industry 
and Commerce, 1913-16 ; member of 



Parliament representing Hunan, 1918 ; 
secretary to the Ministry of Commerce 
and Agriculture and concurrently 
counsellor to the Ministry of Commerce 
and Agriculture and to the Ministry 
of Finance, 1917 ; Superintendent of 
Customs of Hankow and concurrently 
Commissioner for Foreign Affairs, 
1920-22 ; assistant director general of 
the National Conservancy Bureau at 
Peking, 1924 ; Manager of the Exchange 
Bank, Shanghai, 1927-28; Manager of 
Yien Yieh Commercial Bank, Shanghai, 
since 1929 ; Councillor, Shanghai Muni- 
cipal Council, since April, 1935 ; Vice- 
Minister of Foreign Affairs since Dec. 
1935 ; address : Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, Nanking. 




Chen Chien-hslu 

& *] *tr 

CHEN CHIEN-HSIU, educator; 
born in Kiangsi, 1899 ; graduate of 
Peking Government University and M. 
A., of London University, England ; 
professor of psychology and education 
in the Peking Government University ; 
assistant professor in. the school of 
natural science of the 4th Chungshan 
University in Kwangtung ; assistant 
professor in the school of physics of 
the Central Government University at 
Nanking ; director of tkp bureau of 
education of the Nanking Special Muni- 
cipality, 1927 ; director of the department 
of social education of the University 
Council (now Ministry of Education) ; 
director of the department of social 
education and concurrently director of 
the department in charge of the 
Mongolian and Thibetan education of 
the Ministry of the Education, 1928-30 ; 
dean, School of Education, Central 
University, since 1934 ; while studying 
in England, he attended the 2nd World 
Educational Conference held in Edin- 
burgh in 1925 on behalf of the Chinese 
educational bodies and contributed 
articles to leading English papers ; 
author of "The Study of Correlation 
Between Character and Intinctive 
Factors," and "A Child's Dream," 
address : School of Education, Central 
University, Nanking. 



T. L. CHEN, merchant and retired 
government official ; born at Haichen, 
Fukien, 1897 ; was graduated from the 
Anglo-Chinese College, Foochow, 1902 ; 
travelled in the Straits-Settlements and 
Dutch Colonies, 1904-05 ; principal of 
the Changchow Middle School, Fukien, 
1906 ; vice-president of the Fukien 
Provincial Assembly, 1908 ; finance 
commissioner of Fukien, Oct., 1912 to 
Feb., 1913 and Dec, 1914 to May, 1914 ; 
elected senator of the parliament in 




T. L. Chen (.Chen Chih-lin) 

& 4l m % & ft 

Peking, 1914 ; general-manager of the 
Fukien Industry Company, director of 
the Foochow Electric Light Co., Foochow 
Motor-Car Co., and the Whapao 
Mining Co., manager of the Woo-hong 
Bank of Amoy, Chinese manager of the 
American-Oriental Bank of Fukien, 
Foochow ; no further information was 
recieved in recent years. 




Chen Chin-tao 

at** $ $ m £ 

CHEN CHIN-TAO, Government 
official ; born at Nan-hai, Kwang- 
tung, 1871; was graduated from 
Queen's College, Hongkong ; instructor 
at Queen's College and later professor 
at Peiyang University, Tientsin ; went 
to America as a government student 
in 1901 ; studied mathematics and social 
science at California University, 1901-02, 
graduating with M.S. degrees ; attended 
Yale University majoring in political 
economy and was graduated with Ph.D. 
degree in 1906, his doctoral disseration 
being "Societary Circulation" which was 
the Yale Publication Prize in that year ; 
returned to China in 1906 and was 
made a Hanlin Compiler by the 
Imperial Court ; under the Ching 
regime, he held the following important 
positions : educational inspector at 
Peking, head of the accounting and 
statistics department in the Board of 
Finance, inspector to Ta-Ching Govern- 
ment Bank, chairman of the currency- 
reform commission, vice-Governor and* 



26 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



acting Governor of the Ta-Ching 
Government Bank, founder and vi^e- 
director of the Bureau of Printing and 
Engraving, vice-president of the beard 
of finance ; Minister of Finance of 
the Provisional Republican Government, 
1912 ; Chinese representative to the 
International Conference of Chambers 
of Commerce held in Boston ; director 
of the audit bureau under the Cabinet, 
1912 ; Financial Commissioner to 
Europe, 1913 ; Minister of Finance and 
concurrently Director-General of Salt 
Administration, 1916-17 ; during this 
period, he was appointed concurrently 
Minister of Foreign Affairs from June 
to October, 1916 ; charged with pecula- 
tion and was prosecuted by the Court ; 
exonerated by a special presidential 
mandate, 1918 ; Minister of Finance of 
the Canton Military Government, 1920 ; 
reappointed Minister of Finance of 
Peiping Government, 1926 ; now Chair- 
man of the National Currency Reform 
Commission, Ministry of Finance ; 
author of "Distribution of Wealth," 
"Public Schools in the Four Countries :" 
address : c/o Ministry of Finance, 
Nanking. 



Chen Chiung-ming 

& fa m $ m % 

CHEN CHIUNG-MING, army officer. 
Deceased (1875-1933). 
(See Page 49, 4th Edition). 




Lt.-Gen. Chen Tsoa Chen Cho) 
& ** 

LT.-GEN. CHEN TSOA, Commis- 
sioner 'of Nanking Constabulary ; born 
at Fenghwa, Chekiang, 1891 ; graduate 
of Paoting Military College ; commander 
of Artillery Corps of the First Mixed 
Brigade of Kwangtung Army, 1917 ; 
adjutant officer in the Headquarters of 
Commander-in-Chief of the Kwangtung 
Expeditionary Army to Fukien, 1918 ; 
battalion commander of the Independent 
Brigade of the Army, 1919 ; senior staff 
officer to the Headquarters of the 
Generalissimo with the rank of Colonel, 
Canton, 1923 ; concurrently, staff 
officer to the Headquarters of the Com- 
mander of Changchow Forts (Fukien) 
1924 and later Chief of Staff Office, 
of the Headquarters of Kuomintang 
Party Forces ; Chief of Staff Office 
of the 1st Army of Nationalist 
Revolutionary Forces and concurrently 
Superintendent of the Dyke Work at 
Swatow, 1925 ; Chief of Staff Office of 
the Headquarters of the Commander-in- 
Chief of the Nationalist Revolutionary 
Forces and concurrently director of 
the military operations department, 



1926; appointed Commander of 26th 
Nationalist Army Oct.. 1926 ; upon 
reorganization of the Army into the 6th 
Division, was appointed Commander of 
the Division, 1928 ; elected a delegate to 
the National Third Kuomintang Party 
Congress, 1929 and in the same year 
was appointed member of the Military 
Disbandment and Reorganization Com- 
mission of the National Forces, 1928 ; 
member of standing committee of the 
War History Compilation Commission, 
1931; chief of the military official 
registration bureau of the Military 
Affairs Commission and later acting 
Director of the Second Department of 
the General Staff, 1932; now Com- 
missioner of Nanking Constabulary; 
address: Bureau of Metropolitan 
Constabulary, Nanking. 




Chen Chuan-tung 

&$ & $ % ft 
CHEN CHUAN TUNG, salt official; 
born at Wenchow, Chekiang in 1882 ; 
was graduated from St. John's Univer- 
sity, Shanghai, 1907 ; secretary to the 
Commissioner of Education of Hupeh, 
1907-08 ; director of studies at Wenchow 
Middle School, 1909-13 ; taught English 
and mathematics at St. John's Univer- 
sity, 1913-17 ; salt revenue collector at 
Taichow, Chekiang 1917-22 ; assistant 
district inspector at Wutungchiao, 
Szechuen, 1923 ; acting Chuannan 
(Szechuen) district inspector 1924; 
assistant Chinese secretary in the Chief 
Inspectorate, Peking 1925-28 ; special 
deputy to Nanking in connection with 
the question of restoration of the 
function of the Salt Gabelle May-June, 
1927 ; Hotung district inspector and 
concurrently supervisor of the Salt 
Police, Shansi 1929 to the present ; 
address : District Inspectorate of Salt 
Revenue, Yuncheng, Shansi. 



CHUNJEN CONSTANT CHEN, 

agricultural expert ; born at Shanghai, 
1898; attended the University High 
School of University of California, 1914- 
15 and then entered the University; 
transferred to Cornell University, 1919 
and received B.Sc. degree in the same 
year ; attended the University of 
Maryland and graduated with M.Sc. 
degree in 1920 ; returned to China in 

1921 and was appointed agricultural 
adviser to the commissioner of industry 
of Chihli ; cotton specialist in the 
Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce, 

1922 ; professor of biology and agricul- 
ture in Tsing Hua College and lecturer 
in agriculture in Yenching University; 
Peking member and field representative 
of the World Agricultural Society and 




Chunjen Constant Chen (Chen Chun -Jen) 
& § /^ 

collaborator of the botanical abstracts, 
U.S.A. ; he is a contributor to a number 
of technical publications in America 
such as Science, the Phytopathology, 
the Technical Bulletin of the Maryland 
Agricultural Experimental Station. 




Dr. Chen Chung-sheng 



ft # 



CHEN CHUNG-SHENG. Government 
official; born at Wenchow, Chekiang, 
1895; after his graduation from the 
Wenchow College and the University 
of Nanking in 1917, he travelled over 
twenty provinces in China as a national 
secretary of the Chinese Y.M.C.A., 
giving lectures on social problems ; 
went to America for further education 
in 1923 and received M.A. and Ph.D. 
degrees from Columbia University ; 
following his return to China in 1926, 
he acted as manager of the Tung Yih 
Trust Company, Shanghai and concur- 
rently served as vice-President of 
Wenchow College ; appointed division 
chief on Foreign Trade in the Ministry 
of Industry, Commerce and Labor, 
1928-31 and concurrently, professor of 
the Central University and the Central 
Political Institute at Nanking ; member 
of the National Sanitation Commission, 
Ministry of Interior; member of the 
National Tariff Commission, Ministry 
of Finance ; economic expert of the 
National Capital Reconstruction Com- 
mission ; appointed technical expert 
attached to the Chinese Delegation to 
the Moscow Conference. 1931 ; now. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



27 



counsellor of the Ministry of Industries -, 
for several years, he served as a 
member of the Board of Directors of 
the University of Nanking and two 
other educational institutions ; author 
■of "The Chinese Census" (his doctorial 
dissertation ) ; address : Ministry of 
Industries, Nanking. 




Chen Foo-chun (Chen Fu-cheng) 

ft. * & 

CHUN FOO-CHUN, overseas Chinese 
merchant and educator ; born at Mei- 
hsien, Kwangtung, 1886 ; brought up at 
Kaifeng, Honan province; went to 
Batavia to engage in educational work 
among the overseas Chinese Community 
in 1906 ; began to be interested in 
business in 1911, promoting the sale 
of Chinese commodities in Dutch East 
Indies ; for the past ten years, he has 
been engaged in the manufacture of 
medicine and toilet articles and in the 
publishing business ; compiler and author 
of the following books : A Textbook of 
Chinese Mandarin, A Textbook of Malay 
Language, A Book of Conversation in 
Malay Language, A Dictionary of Malay 
Language, A Malay-Chinese Dictionary, 
A Chinese-Malay Dictionary, A Book on 
Malay Grammar, and ten Malay novels ; 
an enthusiastic welfare worker among 
the Chinese community in Java, being a 
director of the Chinese Guild, of Chinese 
Chamber of Commerce and of various 
Chinese schools in Java ; inventor of the 
"Bedak Virgin" face powder which 
enjoys a great sale in the Straits Settle- 
ments ; address : Chun Lim & Company, 
Pintoe Besar No. 39, Batavia ; residence 
address : Petodjo Cjang Haubel 14, 
Batavia, Centrum. 



THEODORE HSI-EN CHEN, Uni- 
versity professor ; born at Yungtai, 
Fukien ; received middle school educa- 
tion at Foochow College, Foochow; 
majored in Education while studying 
in Fukien Christian University, from 
which he was graduated in 1922 ; leader 
in many forms of student activities in 
college, notably editor-in-Chief of the 
ctollege paper, "VThe Fukien Star" ; 
teacher of English in Anglo-Chinese 
College, Foochow, from 1922 to 1924 ; 
abroad in U.S.A. from 1924 to 1929 ; 
graduate studies at Teachers' College. 
Columbia University, where he received 
his M. A. degree; returned to China 
in 1929 to teach education in Fukien 




Theodore Hsl-en Chen (Chen Hsl-en) 

&M & 

Christian University, of which he is 
now Dean ; writer of articles on 
Education ; address : Fukien Christian 
University, Foochow. 




Chen Hsi-tseng 

& #• f 
CHEN HSI-TSENG, Government 
official ; born at Wushing, Chekiang, 
1896 ; nephew of the late Gen. Chen 
Chi-mei, veteran Kuomintang leader and 
military governor of Shanghai during 
the 1911 Revolution; received his 
military training at the Chiang Wu 
Military Academy of Chekiang and after 
graduation, has served successively as a 
special officer of the Whampoa Military 
Cadets' Academy, staff-officer of the 
Field-Headquarters of the Eastern 
Expeditionary Army (against Chen 
Chiung-ming ) , secretary to the Head- 
quarters of the Commander-in-Chief of 
the Nationalist Revolutionary Army, 
chief of the political affairs department 
of the Commander-in-Chief's Headquar- 
ters in the rear (in Kwangtung), 
superintendent of Telegraph Adminis- 
tration of Kwangtung, member of the 
supervisory committee of the Kuomin- 
tang Headquarters in Shanghai, member 
of the Reorganization Committee of the 
China Merchants' Steam Navigation Co., 
director of Telegraph Administration of 
Shanghai, and Commissioner of Public 
Safety of Shanghai Municipality ; now 
Commissioner of Public Safety of the 
Hankow Municipal Government; ad- 
dress : Bureau of Public Safety, Hankow 
Municipal Government, Hankow. 




Jian H. Chen (Chen Using) 
& ft $ tl % 

JIAN H. CHEN, Government official 
and banker ; born at Shaoshing, 
Chekiang in 1890 ; was graduated from 
St. John's University in 1917 with the 
degree of B.Sc. after which he went 
to the United States and entered Ohio 
University ; he received his M.A. degree 
in 1918, and later made a special study 
of banking at Columbia University for 
two years ; at the same time he joined 
the American Foreign Banking Corpo- 
ration to obtain practical experience ; 
he returned to China in the spring of 
1921 on accepting an offer from the 
Chinese-American Bank of Commerce 
and began his service as the head of 
the banking department in the Shang- 
hai branch ; in the summer of 1922 he 
was made Hankow branch manager 
and the same year was elected a director 
of the Hankow Bankers' Association 
and in 1925 was elected a director of 
the Hankow Chamber of Commerce ; 
after the Nationalist Government took 
over the Wu-Han cities in 1926 he was 
appointed manager of the Central Bank 
of China, Hankow and in the spring 
of 1927 he acted concurrently as 
director of the Wuchang mint ; upon 
the political split between . Nanking 
and Hankow in April, 1927 he retired 
from all activities and went to 
Shanghai ; in the winter of 1927, when 
T. V. Soong resumed his office as 
Minister of Finance, he was appointed 
as comptroller of currency and 
concurrently acting manager of the 
Central Bank of China in Shanghai; 
upon reorganization of the Bank he 
was appointed its Deputy Governor, 
a position which he at present holds ; 
he is now also director of the Central 
Mint in Shanghai ; address : Central 
Bank of China, Shanghai. 



CH'EN HUAN-CHANG, educational 
worker ; born in Inkslab Island, 
Kwangtung in 1881 ; received his early 
training under Kang Yu-wei (China's 
modern sage) ; editor of the Chinese 
Reformer, 1899-1900 ; received his Ph.D. 
degree from Columbia University, New 
York in 1911, his thesis being "Econo- 
mic Principles of Confucius and His 
School ;" returned to China in 1912 
and founded the National Confucian 
Association ; appointed legal adviser to 
President Yuan Shih-kai, 1913 and at 
the asme time was editor of the Con- 
fucian Association Monthly; his efforts 
to induce the Parliament to adopt 
Confucianism as the State Religion of 
I China in 1913 failed ; senator in the 



28 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Ch'en Huan-chang 

Parliament of 1918 ; elected president 
of the Confucian University, Peking ; 
elected vice-president of the World 
Conference for International Peace 
Through Religion. New York which 
position he still holds ; address : 
National Confucian Association, Peiping. 




Miss Grace Chun (Chen Hung-pi) 

e*. *| £ 

MISS GRACE CHUN, school prin- 
cipal ; born in Hongkong, 1884 ; 
daughter of Chun Chiu-tung, the 
shipping manager of China Merchants' 
Steam Navigation Company, Shanghai, 
received her early education from a 
pupil of the late Kang Yu-wei and 
later studied at the McTyeire School 
and St. Joseph's Institution, Shanghai ; 
joined the staff of a monthly magazine 
1906; taught in the Girls' High School 
and the Yu-Hsin Girls* School in 
Shanghai, 1907 ; meanwhile, she served 
also as a correspondent for a leading 
newspaper in Canton ; joined the 
editorial staff of the Great China Times, 
in 1912, (which contributed toward the 
overthrow of the Ching Dynasty and 
the establishment of the Chinese 
Republic) ; in the same year, she 
founded the Cantonese kindergarten in 
Shanghai which was later developed 
into the Cantonese elementary school ; 
dean of the Shenchow Girls' School, 
1913; editor of the Women's weekly 
section of the Eastern Times, Shanghai ; 
principal of the Cantonese girls' school, 
Shanghai, 1921 ; when the Cantonese 



girls' school and the Cantonese elemen- 
tary school were amalgamated under 
the new name of Kwangtung School 
of Shanghai in 1925, she was elected 
principal of the new school which 
position she is still holding ; she is an 
author of a several books, published by 
the Commercial Press ; during the 
Japanese Invasion of Shanghai in 
January, 1932, her school which was 
situated next to the Commercial Press 
Works was completely destroyed by 
Japanese artillery fire and airbombing ; 
after the fighting started, she was 
trapped between the lines for five 
days with two little girl students and 
finally narrowly escaped death ; through 
her energetic efforts, she has restored 
the School and has succeeded in raising 
funds to erect new buildings for the 
institution, which now enrolls more than 
700 students ; address : the Kwangtung 
High School, Chapei, Shanghai. 




Ye Young Chan (Chen Ju-hsuan) 

&,& -r 

CHAN YE - YOUNG, Government 
official ; born at Hsinning, Kwangtung, 
Feb. 25, 1894 ; was graduated from 
Whampoa Military School, 1910 ; went 
io America on a Government Scholar- 
ship in 1912 and entered the University 
of Illinois in 1914 to study political 
economy, graduating in 1918 with B.A. 
degree ; transferred to Columbia Uni- 
versity in the fall of 1918, studying 
law and political science, receiving M.A. 
and LL.B. degrees in 1920 ; returned 
to China via Europe in 1921 and was 
appointed professor at the Peking 
Normal College ; later in the same 
year, became editor of the monthly 
magazine of Shanghai Chinese General 
Chamber of Commerce ; appointed dean 
of the department of political economy 
of the National South-eastern Univer- 
sity at Nanking, 1923 and served as 
acting President of the University and 
concurrently director of the general 
affairs department 1925-27 ; came to 
Shanghai in the fall of 1927 and 
became professor of political science 
at the Kwanghwa University and 
concurrently dean of the department 
of liberal arts of the same university. 
1928 ; appointed secretary of National 
Reconstruction Commission of the Na- 
tional Government, 1929 and promoted 
chief secretary of the Commission in 
October, the same year, which latter 
position he held till 1932 ; toward the 
end of 1932 he was appointed member 
of the Legislative Yuan, concurrently 
member of the Constitutional Drafting 
Committee of the same Yuan, which 
positions he still retains ; author of 
"Federal Government," Commercial 



Press ; "Political and Constitutional 
History of the Republic," and "Con- 
stitutional History of China," The World 
Book Co. ; address : The Legislative 
Yuan, Nanking. 



R. Chin (Chen Jul) 
&<& ^ ft % 

R. CHING, Government official; 
native of Kiangsi ; born in 1887 ; was 
graduated from the Japanese Military 
Staff College at Tokyo ; senior secretary 
to the National Government, 1927 ; 
counseller to the Executive Yuan, since 
1928 ; address : Executive Yuan, Nanking. 




Chen Kou-fu 

&%. k % &- k 

CHEN KOU-FU, Government official; 
born at Wu-hsing, Chekiang in 1892 ; 
received his preliminary education from 
the Ming Teh School, Changsha and 
the Chekiang School, Nanking ; studied 
at the Military Primary School of 
Chekiang, 1908-11 ; promoted to the 
Military Middle School at Nanking and 
joined the Revolutionary Party headed 
by Dr. Sun Yat-sen, 1911 ; he took a 
prominent part in the First Revolution, 
being the right-hand man to his uncle 
Gen. Chen Chi-mei, the Shanghai leader 
during the Revolution ; following the 
First Revolution he was compelled to 
take a trip abroad but returned to 
China during the Second Revolution 
against Yuan Shih-kai ; he led a group 
of student-soldiers in an unsuccessful 
attempt to capture the Kiangnan 
Arsenal in 1915 ; owing to his parti- 
cipation in a conspiracy against Yuan, 
he was captured by the authorities at 
Shanghai but soon released ; he was in 
the exchange business at Shanghai, 
1918-23 ; when the Whampoa Military 
Academy was organized at Canton in 
1924 he acted as Shanghai agent for 
enlistment and transportation ; elected 
as a member of Central Supervisory 
Committee of the Kuomintang at the 
second convention of the Party in 
Jan., 1926 ; secretary to Gen. Chiang 
Kai-shek and chief of the organization 
department of the Kuomintang, 1926 ; 
succeeded Gen. Chiang as chief of 
the organization department of the 
Central Party Headquarters and made 
a member of the Central Political 
Council in July, 1927 ; appointed member 
of the Nationalist Government and vice- 
President of the Control Yuan, 1928; 
elected an executive member of the 
Central Party Headquarters at Nanking 
at. the third Party convention in March 
1929 ; elected member of the Central 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



29 



Executive Committee by the National 
Party Congress, 1931 ; appointed vice- 
Chairman of the Huai River Conser- 
vancy Board, 1932 ; appointed Chairman 
of the Kiangsi Provincial Government, 
1933, which post he now holds ; address : 
Kiangsu Provincial Government, Chin- 
kiang, Kiangsu. 



K. P. Chen (Chen Kuan-fu) 
Ei^F 44^ *, "ft 

K. P. CHEN, banker; born at 
Chinkiang, Kiangsu, 1880 ; studied at St. 
John's University in Shanghai before 
going to the United States, where he 
attended the University of Pennsylvania 
and was graduated with B.C. degree in 
1909 ; organised the Kiangsu Provincial 
Bank and was its first manager ; 
founder of the Shanghai Commercial 
and Savings Bank, of which he ha3 been 
general manager since 1915 ; director 
of several other leading Chinese banks 
in Shanghai ; chairman of the cotton 
industry regulation committee ; member 
of the National Economic Council ; 
address : Shanghai Commercial & Savings 
Bank, Ningpo Road, Shanghai. 



Chen Kuan-yuan 

*. *, 4. ^ # #- 

CHEN KUANG-YUAN, Government 
official. 

(See Page 54, 4th Edition). 




Chen Kung-po 

& a-4 

CHEN KUNG-PO, retired Govern- 
ment official ; born in Kwangtung, 1890 ; 
attended the Canton Law College at 
Canton and the National University 
of Peking, taking courses in philosophy ; 
went to America where he studied 
economics at Columbia University 
in New York graduating with M.A. 
degree ; joined the Hsin Chung Hui 
(predecessor of the Kuomintang) at 
the age of 16 and in the early years 
of the Revolution, he together with 
his father started a revolt in Canton, 
but the attempt was frustrated by the 
Manchu officials, resulting in the arrest 
of his father and his own narrow 
escape to Hongkong ; editor of The 
Social — a revolutionary organ published 
by him at Canton ; member of the 
Central Executive Committee of Kuo- 
mintang and concurrently commissioner 
of agriculture and labor of Kwangtung 
Provincial Government, chief of the 
political training department of the 
Military Council, and President of the 



National University at Canton, 1925 ; 
accompanied the Northern Punitive 
Expedition of the Nationalist Forces 
to Hupeh as Director of the Bureau of 
Political Affairs of the Headquarters, 

1926 ; following the capture of Hankow 
and Hanyang in 1926, he was appointed 
chairman of the finance committee of 
Hupeh and concurrently Commissioner 
of Foreign Affairs for Hupeh and 
Superintendent of Customs ; when 
Kiangsi was taken, he was appointed 
Chairman of that Provincial Govern- 
ment, 1927; after the split of the 
Wuhan and Nanking Governments he 
resigned all his posts at the end of 

1927 and became editor of the Revolu- 
tionary Critic, 1928; participated in 
the Northern Military Coalition Govern- 
ment at Peiping, 1930; Minister of 
Industry of the National Government, 
1932-35 ; he is one of best known 
younger leaders of the Kuomintang 
Left Wing. 




CHEN LI-FU, organizer, philosopher, 
popular speaker and outstanding Party 
and Government leader ; born at 
Wuhsing, Chekiang, 1899 ; nephew of 
the late General Chen Yin-shih, early 
Kuomintang martyr; B.Sc, Peiyang 
College, Tientsin; M.A., Pittsburg 
University, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. ; 
Secretary of the Headquarters of the 
Commander-in-chief of the Nationalist 
Revolutionary Forces, 1927-28; Member 
of the Planning Committee of the First 
Army Corps ; Mjmber of the Planning 
Committee of the Kuomintang Central 
Publicity Department ; Chief of Intel- 
ligence Section of the Kuomintang 
Central Organization Department ; Mem- 
ber of Standing Committee of the 
Commander-in-chief's Special Party 
Headquarters ; Chief Secretary of the 
National Reconstruction Commission, 
Nanking ; Director of the Political 
Training Department of the Inspector- 
ate-General of Military Training ; Member 
of Kuomintang Central Executive Com- 
mittee and of Central Political Council 
since 1929 ; Director of Kuomintang 
Central Organization Department, 1929- 
31 ; SecretaryJGeneral of the Kbumintang 
Central Executive Committee, and con- 
currently Secretary-General of the Cen- 
tral Political Council, 1929-31 ; Chairman 
of Kuomintang Central Organization 
Committee since 1932 ; Member of the 
National Government Council since 
1933 ; Member of the Standing Com- 
mittee of the National Economic Council 
since 1933 ; despite the onerous duties 
imposed on him by his multifarious 



positions, Mr. Chen finds time to devote 
to writing and public lectures ; he is the 
author of many books, including a 
Chinese dictionary published by the 
Chung Hwa Book Company, Shanghai ; 
he is also the founder of a new system 
of philosophy based on Dr. Sun Yat-sen's 
teachings and set forth in a two-volume 
work entitled Wei-sen-len, of which 
more than 100,000 copies were sold in 
the last two years, as well as a prime 
mover in various popular movements 
such as the New Life Movement, the 
Culture-control Movement, the Read-A- 
Book Movement, etc. ; address, Central 
Party Headquarters of Kuomintang, 
Nanking. 




Chen Li-kiang (Chen Li-chiang) 

E$. ft. i* 

CHEN LI-KIANG, author and 
university professor ; born at Kiukiang, 
Kiangsi, 1896 ; was graduated from 
the University of Chicago, Chicago, 
U.S.A. with M.A. degree ; after return 
to China, he served as professor of 
psychology and education, National 
Wu-han University. Wuchang ; appoint- 
ed Commissioner of Education, Kiangsi 
Provincial Government; in this capacity, 
he rendered conspicious service in 
subsidizing the budget for educational 
purposes of the province ; in T928, he 
was invited as professor of psychology 
and education, National Sun Yat-sen 
University, Canton ; since 1931, dean 
of Kiangsu Provincial College of 
Education and concurrently, director 
of Psychological Laboratory of the 
College ; wrote many articles on mass 
education and rural reconstruction 
and is regarded as one of the leaders 
of the movement ; his published 
works include "Educational Psychology" 
"General Methods of Teaching," etc. ; 
address : Kiangsu Provincial College of 
Education, Wusih, Kiangsu. 



L. T. CHEN, banker; born in 
Peking, February 10, 1894 ; received 
early education at Yenching U. ; 
graduated from Tsinghua Col. 1913 ; 
taught at Honan Provincial Col. for 
one year and went to the U. S. in 
1914 enrolling at Yale where he dis- 
tinguished himself in oratory ; after 
graduation at Yale in 1917 he went 
to Harvard for graduate study, but 
before completing work for a Master's 
degree, he was called to France as 
one of the first three Chinese Y.M.C.A. 
workers among the Chinese laborers 
attached to the British Expeditionary 
Forces ; returned to China immediately 
after the War and was appointed by 
the National Committee Y.M.C.A. to 



30 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




compradore office of the Hongkong and 
Shanghai Banking Corporation of 
Shameen, Canton ; now engaged in 
business at Hongkong. 



L. T. Chen (Chen Li-ting) 

ft. -S- J£. 

take charge of repatriation work of 
Chinese laborers in Shantung 1919 : 
the following year he was transferred 
to the headquarters in Shanghai ; in 
1928 he became general secretary of 
the Y.M.C.A. in Peiping and was 
concurrently lecturer on contemporary 
history at the National University ; 
in Sept. 1929 he returned to Shanghai to 
become general secretary, Y.M.C.A. and 
concurrently executive secretary, China 
Council, Institute of Pacific Relations ; 
»asearch director, Kincheng Banking 
Corporation, since 1932 ; he is general 
editor of the International Understand- 
ing Series published by the China 
Council and is translator of Liang 
Chi-chao's "History of Chinese Political 
Thought" published in London ; he is 
also author of a number of pamphlets 
including "China's Tariff Autonomy," 
"Problems of the Pacific" and "Essen- 
tials of Y.M.C.A." address: Kincheng 
Banking Corporation, Kiangsi Road, 
Shanghai. 




Chan Lim chung (Chen Lien-chump 
ft. £ 4t 

CHAN LIM-CHUNG, business man; 
born at Namhoi, Kwangtung, 1889 ; 
after having been engaged in business 
for many years in Canton, he was 
elected president of the General 
Chamber of Commerce of Kwangtung 
and treasurer of the Canton Merchants 
Volunteer Corps ; director of many 
firms in Canton ; also worked in the 




Chan Lim-pak (Chen Lien-pal) 
ft. A 46 

CHAN LIM-PAK, merchant; born 
at Namhoi, Kwangtung, 1884 ; chairman 
of the General Chamber of Commerce 
at Canton, 1920-22 ; commander-in-chief 
of the Merchants Volunteers of Kwang- 
tung and colonel-in-chief commanding 
the ten regiments in Canton, 1923-24 ; 
president of the Canton Chinese silk 
merchants association and president of 
the Canton mining and the Kwangtung 
export association for .many years ; he 
also held the following positions ; 
Chinese agent of the Shanghai and 
Hongkong Banking Corporation ""in 
Shameen, Canton ; general-manager of 
the Tee Lee Ming Company; director 
of the Chung Kwock Po Lee S.S. 
Company and of Cheong Wah Insurance 
Company ; president of Lepack Com- 
pany of Canton ; one of the directors 
of the Nanyang Brothers' Tobacco 
Company and other leading Chinese 
firms in Hongkong and Canton ; served 
as trade commissioner to the Panama- 
Pacific Exposition in San Francisco ; 
now engaged in business in Hongkong. 




studied science and French under the 
guidance of M. Medard, 1893 ; was sent 
by Viceroy Chang Chi-tung to Paris, 
where he studied law in Paris 
University and was graduated with 
LL.B. degree, 1906 ; toured various 
countries as an attache to the Chins 
Imperial Commission to study consti- 
tutional systems of government io 
Europe and America, 1906-07 ; accom- 
panied the' Chinese Government Delega- 
tion to the Hague Conference as a 2nd 
class secretary of the Imperial Embassy 
1907; counsellor to the foreign office, 
1908 ; passed the Imperial Examinations 
and was given the degree of Hanlin 
Compiler, 1908 ; chief secretary to the 
board of foreign affairs, 1909 ; director 
of political affairs. 1910-11 ; after the 
establishment of the Republic, he was 
appointed Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to the Republic 
of Mexico, 1914 ; Chinese Plenipoten- 
tiary to the Sino-Russian-Mongolian 
Conference at Kiakta, 1914 ; Resident- 
General at Urga, 1915-17 ; Vice-Minister 
of Foreign Affairs, 1918-20; Minister 
to France, 1920-27 ; Chinese delegate 
to the League of Nations, 1923 ; be has 
been engaged in private law practice 
in Shanghai since 1932 ; advisor to the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, since 1934 ; 
address : e/o Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, Nanking. 



Tcheng Loh (Chen Lu) 
&4 £ 4* it 

TCHENG LOH, legal practitioner; 
born at Foochow, Fukien, 1878 ; entered 
the arsenal school at Foochow and 




Chen Ming-shu 

CHEN MING-SHU, retired Govern- 
ment official ; born at Hoppo Hsien, 
Kwangtung in 1889 ; received his early 
training at Paoting Military Academy 
in Chihli (now Hopei) ; joined the 
Tungmenhui (predecessor of the Kuo- 
mintang) when still young and took 
part in the First Revolution, fighting 
against Chang Hsun at Hsuchow ; 
returned to Kwangtung in 1915 when 
Yuan Shih-kai declared himself Em- 
peror ; became involved in an attempt to 
assassinate Lung Chi-kwang, Military 
Governor of Kwangtung, for which he 
was arrested, but was soon released 
and fled to Japan where he remained 
until 1924 ; on returning to China he 
joined the 1st Kwangtung Army 
Division and was appointed to the 
general staff; as a reward of his 
services to Dr. Sun Yat-sen in 
suppressing the rebellion of Cheng 
Chung-ming, he was made commander 
of the 10th Division of the 4th Army 
and concurrently commander at the 
South Route Army; accompanied Pei 
Chung-hsi to Hunan in 1926 to induce 
various militarists there to join the 
forthcoming drive to the Yangtsze; 
he led the 10th and 11th divisions of 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



31 



the 4th Nationalist Army into Hunan 
in 1926 and participated in the capture 
of Wuchang and the war against Wu 
Pei-f u in Hupeh ; he was appointed 
Commander and Defence Commissioner 
of Wu-Han and later promoted to the 
command of the 11th National Army ; 
he later became chief of the General 
Political Bureau of the National 
Army Headquarters ; when Communist 
activities developed in Kwangtung in 
Dec, 1927 he was appointed Com- 
mander of the Eastern Route Army 
and concurrently Commander of the 
11th Nationalist Army with instructions 
to suppress the disturbances and was 
successful ; appointed a member of the 
Canton Division of the Central Political 
Council, 1928 and in the same year on 
the resignation of Li Chi-sun was 
appointed Chairman of the Kwangtung 
Provincial Government, which post he 
held until 1931, when he was ousted by 
Gen. Chen Chi-tang ; Garrison Com- 
mander of Shanghai-Ncnking Area, 
Vice-President of the Executive Yuan 
and concurrently Minister of Com- 
munications, 1931-32 ; leading spirit in 
the Fukien Independence Movement, 
1933-34 ; after the collapse of the 
Movement, he was expelled by the 
C. E. C. of Kuomintang and has been 
living in retirement ; he is now resid- 
ing at Hongkong. 




M. K. Chen (Chen Mou-chieh) 
& & Hf- $ »* 3- 

M. K. CHEN, railway engineer; born 
at Minhsien, Fukien, 1887 ; studied in 
the United States, where he attended 
the Cook Academy, graduating in 1909 
and Cornell University, graduating 
in 1912 ; returned to China in 1912 
and was appointed technical expert 
of the bureau of construction of the 
commercial mart at Pukow ; assistant 
engineer of the Nanking-Changsha 
Railway, 1914 ; senior assistant engineer 
of the Chu-Chow Railway, 1917 ; 
director-general of flood relief and 
conservancy, 1918 ; assistant engineer- 
in-charge of survey under the Chihli 
River Commission, 1918 ; chief-engineer 
of the directorate-general for the 
construction of the Hulutao port, 1920 ; 
no response to inquiries has been 
received since 1925. 



CHEN NIEN-TSUNG, Government 
official ; born at Kashing, Chekiang, 
1897 ; was graduated from Tsing Hu.i 
College 1921 ; student at Dartmouth 
College, 1922-23 ; received his B.A. 
degree from the University of Michigan, 
1924 ; studied at Columbia Univer- 
sity and received his M.A. degree ; 
did research work in the National 
Institute of Public Administration, New 
York 1924-25 ; went to Paris and 




Chen Nien-tsuna (Chen Nien-chung) 

& ■£ f 

pursued further research studies in 
Universite de Paris 1925-26 ; upon 
returning to China he was appointed 
secretary of the municipal government 
of Hangchow, Chekiang ; professor of 
the Engineering College of Chekiang 
National University and of Chiao Tung 
University, Shanghai, 1926-28 ; secretary 
of the Legislative Yuan 1928-30, 
technical commissioner of the Examina- 
tion Yuan 1930-31 ; associate examiner 
and concurrently senior secretary to 
the first examination for higher civil 
service, 1931 ; received the rank of 
Chien Jen ; promoted director of the 
bureau of compilation of the Legislative 
Yuan, 1931, which position he recently 
resigned; author of: "The American 
Rule of the Philippines — Its History 
and Results" ; "Elective Franchise, 
Initiative, Referendum, and Recall ;" 
"Comparative Governments of Modern 
States" ; address : Legislative Yuan, 
Nanking. 



Peitsao Tchencj (Chen Pen-tsao) 

* * % ^ # # 
PEITSAO TCHENG, Government 
official; born .at Kanshein. Kiangsi, 
1896 : was graduated from the Peking 
Government University and later from 
Berlin and Strasbourg Universities : 
commissioner of the Bureau of Educa- 
tion of Nanking Municipal Government, 
1927 ; instructor at the Central Military 
Academy, 1930; senior counsellor to the 
Ministry of Education ; address : Ministry 
of Education, Nanking. 




Chen Pao-chuan 

* 41 * ft & 



CHEN PAO-CHUAN, Government 
official ; born at Tientsin, Chihli, 1874 ; 
was graduated from the Tung Wen 
College. Japan ; served in the Board 
of Education during the Manchu 
regime ; president of the National 
College, Peking, 1911 ; secretary of 
Tientsin Municipal Government, 1919 ; 
director of the bureau of education of 
the Metropolitan Municipal Government. 
Peking ; chief of general affairs of 
the Haiho Commission and concurrently 
member of the Hopei Provincial 
Government 1930 ; Commissioner of 
Education of Hopei, 1930-34 ; author 
of: "Education of Citizenship"; "A 
survey of Education in Japan and 
the Philippine Islands ;" and "Chinese 
Poems" ; last known address : c/o Hopei 
Provincial Government, Tientsin. 




Percy Chen (Chen Pei-shi) 

& £ * 
PERCY CHEN, journalist and 
business man ; born at Trinidad, British 
West Indies, 1901 ; elest son of Eugene 
Chen, former Minister of Foreign 
Affairs of the Nationalist Government ; 
studied law in England and was made 
a member of the Middle Temple ; called 
to the English Bar at the age of 21 
in 1922 and later practised law for 
several years in Trinidad ; .returned to 
China in the fall of 1926; was 
appointed a member of the staff of 
the Foreign Office of the Nationalist 
Government and followed the Nation- 
alist Armies to Hankow during their 
Northern Punitive Expedition ; in 1927, 
he was commissioned by the Nationalist 
Government to conduct Borodin and 
other Russian advisors to their own 
country ; he is now advisor to the 
General Motors Corporation in their 
negotiations with the Soviet Commis- 
sariat of Heavy Industry ; he was 
invited to fill this position on account 
of his wide knowledge of conditions in 
the Soviet Union, where he studied the 
situation during the past six years-; he 
is probably the first Chinese employed 
by a great foreign Corporation as its 
advisor in a foreign country ; he is 
now also correspondent of the Ta Kunff 
Pao at Tientsin ; he believes that Sino- 
Soviet friendship should be one of the 
corner stones of Chinese political policy 
and is working to further that policy ; 
he visited China summer of 1935 ; 
address : c/o Ta Rung Pao, Tientsin. 



32 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



Chen Pi-chun 
(JL £ & 

CHEN PI-CHUN, woman revolu- 
tionary leader and Government official ; 
-wife of Wang Ching-wei, President of 
the Executive Yuan ; native of Kwang- 
tung ; born in Straits Settlements ; her 
father had contributed substantially to 
the cause of revolution ; participated in 
revolutionary activities while still young 
and became a member of Tungmenghui, 
predecessor of Kuomintang ; member of 
the Central Supervisory Committee of 
Kuomintang, since 1931 ; appointed 
member of the Legislative Yuan in 1935, 
but declined the appointment ; address : 
c/o Executive Yuan, Nanking. 



Chen Pu-Lal 

t*. ^ •* ^ *. * 
CHEN PU-LAI, Government official; 
born at Tsi-chi (Ningpo), Chekiang, 
1890 ; was graduated from the Chekiang 
Provincial College, Hangchow ; contri- 
buting editor of the Tien Too Poo and 
Shun Pao at Shanghai ; taught at the 
4th Middle School and the Technical 
High School of Ningpo for eight years ; 
chief editor of Shanghai Journal of 
Commerce, Shanghai, for six years, 
during which time he was also an 
editor of the Commercial Press, 
assisting in the compilation of the 
Webster's Collegiate Dictionary with 
Chinese Translations ; Chief Secretary of 
Chekiang Provincial Government, 1927 ; 
appointed Chief Secretary of the 
Central Executive Committee of Kuo- 
mintang, Summer of 1927, but resigned 
in Sept., same year ; chief editor of 
the China Times Shanghai, 1928 ; Com- 
missioner of Education of Chekiang, 
1929 ; vice-Minister of Education, 1931 ; 
acting Director of the Publicity Depart- 
ment of Central Party Headquarters, 
Nanking, 1931 ; member cf Chekiang 
Provincial Government and concurrently 
Commissioner of Education, 1932-34 ; 
member of the Central Supervisory 
Committee since 1931 ; now, secretary 
to General Chiang Kai-shek, 1935 ; 
address : Wuchang Provisional Head- 
quarters of the President of the 
Military Affairs Commission, Wuchang, 
Hupeh. 




Admiral Chen Snao-kwan 

*.* t 

ADMIRAL CHEN SHAO-KWAN, 

naval officer ; born at Foochow, Fukien, 
1888 ; was graduated from the Naval 
College, Nanking, 1907 ; received 
training as a midshipman on the 
training ship "Tung-Chi," and later 



took flying and submarine course in 
America ; served in the fleet as 
instructor, navigating officer, gunnery 
officer, paymaster, executive officer, 
commanding officer of torpedo boat, flag 
lieutenant to the Commander-in-Chief 
of the navy, and captain of the 
cruisers "Chao-Ho" and "Hai-Yung" 
from 1910-16 ; investigated navy in 
Japan, America and European coun- 
tries, and obtained practical experience 
on the British surface warships and 
submarines during the time of the 
World War ; in 1919 he was appointed 
naval attache to the Chinese Legation 
in London, and concurrently director 
of the Chinese Naval students in 
England, naval technical delegate to 
the Paris Peace Conference, and naval 
delegate to the International Hydro- 
graphic Conference ; after he returned 
from abroad he served successively as 
captain of the training ship "Tung- 
Chi", chief of staff to the Commander- 
in Chief of the Navy, chief of staff 
to the Defence Commissioner of Fukien, 
Captain of the cruiser "Ying-Swei," 
and was promoted Rear Admiral in 
1925 ; appointed Commander of the 2nd 
Squadron of the Navy in 1926, and 
concurrently member of the Military 
Council and member of the Wuhan 
Division of the Central Political Coun- 
cil ; commanded the naval forces in 
defense of the National Capital during 
the trouble in 1927, and participated 
in the punitive expedition against 
rebellions in 1929 ; appointed Chief of 
the Navy Department of the War 
Ministry in 1928, promoted to the rank 
of Vice-Admiral, and became Vice- 
Minister of Navy in 1929 ; at the same 
time, he was made chief technical 
delegate to the World Disarmament 
Conference in Geneva, special secretary 
of the Military Division of the Central 
Political Council, and member of the 
Special Foreign Affairs Commission ; 
promoted Minister of Navy in 1932 with 
the rank of Full Admiral, which post 
he has since held ; he was distinguished 
with Chinese and foreign decorations 
and medals ; address : Ministry of Navy, 
Nanking. 



on completion of his studies, received 
his medical and surgical degrees from 
Cambridge University ; after graduation, 
he served for a year as senior resident 
surgeon at the Western General Dis- 
pensary in London ; chief medical 
officer of the North Manchurian Plague 
Prevention Service in Harbin ; director 
of the Government Isolation Hospital at 
Peking ; one of the three commissioners 
to suppress the pneumonic plague in 
Shansi, 1918 ; principal medical expert 
of the Ministry of Interior ; ex- 
president of the Peking Rotary Club, 
1S28. 



Chen Shih-cheng 

%x, & 

CHEN SHIH-CHENG, Government 
official ; born at Kiangyin. Kiangsu, 
1892 ; was graduated from Oberlin 
College and Columbia University ; served 
as chief secretary to the Ministry of 
Education, 1928-30; now senior coun- 
sellor to the same Ministry ; address : 
Ministry of Education, Nanking. 




S. P. Chen (Chen Shi -pang) 

& *. 4f $ & n 

S. P. CHEN, medical officer; native 
of Kwangtung ; born at Singapore, 
1884 ; received his preliminary educa- 
tion in the Federated Malay States ; 
commenced his professional education 
at Caius College, Cambridge, where he 
passed his natural science tripos with 
honors ; obtained his hospital training 
at St. Thomas's Hospital, London and 




S. K. Chen (Chen Shih-kuang) 

at* & 

S. K. CHEN, retired Government 
official ; native of Canton ; born in 1871 ; 
entered the Government service in 1901 
as student interpreter to the Taotai's 
Bureau of Foreign Affairs, Shanghai ; 
promoted a secretary to the Taotai's 
Office, Shanghai, 1905 ; general secre- 
tary to the Taotai's Office and Bureau 
of Foreign Affairs, Shanghai, 1907 ; 
when the 1911 Revolution broke out, he 
was appointed by the Provisional 
Government of the Republic of China 
as a delegate to the Senior Consul's 
Office to assist in managing the 
securities of the Shanghai Taotai's 
treasury and served in that capacity 
from Nov. 16, 1911 to Nov. 1, 1912; 
chief secretary to the Commissioner of 
Foreign Affairs and the Superintendent 
of Customs and general secretary to 
the Military and Civil Governors of 
Chekiang and Kiangsu, 1912 ; during 
the Great War, he was appointed 
by the Central Government as Chief 
Delegate of the Repatriation Bureau, 
Shanghai to co-operate with the 
International and French Settlement 
Authorities ; twice acting Commissioner 
of Foreign Affairs, Shanghai, and also 
Commissioner of Russian Affairs, 
Shanghai ; appointed high advisor by 
General Chang Yu Ming, Defence Com- 
missioner of Shanghai, 1924; also high 
advisor to the late Admiral Yang 
Shu-chuang, then Commander-in-Chief 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



33 



of Chinese Navy; Commissioner of 
Foreign Affairs and Superintendent of 
Customs, Shanghai and Director of the 
Whangpoo Conservancy Board, 1924 ; in 
August, 1925, he was appointed advisor 
to the Ministry of Communications and 
Director of the Chinese Telegraph 
Administration, Shanghai ; Director, 
Shanghai Office, Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, 1927 ; he is the recipient of 
many decorations and orders from the 
Chinese, Japanese, German, French, 
Portuguese, Spanish and Italian Govern- 
ments ; he has been living in retirement 
since 1927 ; address : 272 Route Pere 
Robert, Shanghai. 




Chen Shih-ll 

«L # #'] ^ *1 #. 

CHEN SHIH-LI, retired Government 
official ; born at He-chiang, Szechwan, 
1875 ; he was a law graduate and 
started his official career in 1896 as a 
member of the board of war; chief of 
the police department in the Ministry 
of Interior, 1912 ; legal counsellor to 
the President, 1913 ; acting chief of the 
bureau of rites and ceremonies, 1916 ; 
resident director of the municipal 
administration in 1918 ; high advisor to 
the Civil Governor of Chihli, 1921; 
executive member of the Yangtsze 
River Commission and chairman of the 
Yangtsze Technical Committee under 
that commission, 1922 ; no further 
information has been received since 
1923. 




Chen Shih-tl 

& * % % • m 



CHEN SHIH-TI (CHI-HAO), court 
official ; born at Hangchow, Chekiang, 
1882 ; received his early education 
under private family tutors ; studied 
at St. John's University, Shanghai, 
1900-05 ; taught English at Chekiang 
Provincial College, Hangchow and 
Tsung Veng Middle School 1905-56 ; 
went to America and studied Political 
Science at the University of California 
and Harvard University, 1906-11 ; 
returned to China in 1911 ; appointed 
auditor of the Bureau of Audit, 
Peiping, 1911 ; promoted auditing 
officer after the establishment of 
Board of Audit, 1931 ; auditing officer 
of the Board of Audit with the rank 
of Chien Jen and vice-director of the 
committee on the examination of Final 
Returns, Board of Audit, Peiping, 
1914; member of the Commission for 
the Consolidation of Foreign and 
Domestic Loans 1922 ; technical expert 
to the Commission for Readjustment 
of Finance 1923-26; counsellor to the 
Commission of Foreign Affairs 1924 ; 
technical expert to the Special Tariff 
Conference 1925; counsellor to the 
Treaty Revision Study Commission, 
1925; chief secretary to the Civil 
Administration Department of Che- 
kiang Provincial Government 1926; 
secretary to Hangchow Municipal 
Government, 1927-29 ; chief secretary 
to the District Court for the First 
Special Area in Shanghai since 1930 ; 
address : First Special Area District 
Court, North Chekiang Road, Shanghai. 




Chen Shu-jen 
& *H A. 

CHEN SHU-JEN, Chairman of 
Overseas Affairs Commission; born at 
Fan-yu, Kwangtung, 1883; was grad- 
uated from the School of Fine Arts, 
Tokyo, Japan and another Japanese 
College with B. A. degree; served as 
general secretary of the Kuomintang 
Headquarters in Canada; Associate- 
Director of General Affairs and later 
Director of Party Affairs of the 
Kuomintang; Commissioner of Admin- 
istrative Affairs of Kwangtung Pro- 
vincial Government for four times ; 
twice, Acting Civil Governor of 
Kwangtung; Commissioner of General 
Affairs Department of the Ministry of 
Interior of Canton Nationalist Govern- 
ment; Chief Secretary of Kwangtung 
Provincial Government ; Chief Secre- 
tary of the Nationalist Government; 
Director of personnel Department of 
the Central Party Headquarters ; served 
successively as member of Central 
Executive Committee of Kuomintang ; 
member of Canton Division of Central 
Political Council ; member of Wuhan 



Division of Central Political Council; 
member of Overseas Affairs Commis- 
sion of the Northern Military Coalition ; 
member of the Administrative Affairs 
Commission of Canton Extraordinary 
Session of Kuomintang ; now, Chairman 
of Overseas Affairs Commission of the 
National Government; address : Over- 
seas Affairs Commission, Nanking. 




Dr. Chen Su-lan (Chen Shu-nan) 

& m $ 

CHEN SU-LAN, overseas physician ; 
born in Foochow, Fukien, on Feb. 
13, 1885 ; entered the Anglo-Chinese 
College, Foochow in October 1900 and 
graduated with honors in Jan. 1905 ; 
entered King Edward VII College of 
Medicine, Singapore in June 1905; a 
gold medalist and winner of nearly all 
the prizes awarded by the College; 
graduated with honors in May 1901 
and has since been in private practice; 
vice president of British Medical As- 
sociation (Malaya Branch) ; a lecturer 
in and writer on social hygiene and 
opium and a specialist on opium 
addiction and the cure of the 
opium habit ; member of the following 
government appointments: — the Council 
of King Edward VII College of 
Medicine, Central Board, Social 
Hygiene Advisory Board and Standing 
Advisory Committee on Opium, in 
Singapore; President of St. John's 
Ambulance Centre; Vice President, 
Child Welfare Society; President, 
Singapore Anti-opium Society and 
Director of The Clinic for the cure 
of Opium Addicts ; member of general 
committee of Singapore Chinese 
Chamber of Commerce, Committee of. 
Rotary Club of Singapore, Director of 
Y.M.C.A., advisor to Y.M.C.A., and 
President of Alumni Association of 
Colleges of Medicine; address: 9 St. 
Thomas' Walk, Singapore. 



CHEN TA, university professor; 
born at Hangchow; graduate of Tsing 
Hua College, Peking in 1911; went to 
America in 1916 and entered Reed 
College, Portland from which he 
received his A.B. degree in 1919; went 
to Columbia University where he 
received a M.A. degree in 1920 and a 
Ph.D. degree in 1923; editor of the 
Chinese Students Quarterly, 1919-20; 
university fellow in social science at 
Columbia, 1920-21 ; attached to the 
Chinese delegation at the Disarmament 
Conference at Washington, 1921-22; 
served as a member of the social 
research commission to make a pre- 
liminary study of social and economic 



34 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Chen Ta (Ch'en Ta) 

*.£.# *,K 

conditions in China, 1925 ; member of 
the Chinese group to attend the first 
session of the Institute of Pacific 
Relations held at Honolulu in July, 
1825; appointed head of the depart- 
ment of statistics, Ministry of the 
Interior, Nanking in 1920, but soon 
resigned; on the occasion of the 175th 
anniversary of Columbia University in 
October, 1929 he was awarded a medal 
by the University: professor of socio- 
logy at Tsing Hua University, Peiping, 
since 1923 and from 1923-27 he was 
concurrently editor of Tsing Hua 
Journal; during the spring term of 
1930 he was a visiting professor to the 
University of Hawaii to give a series 
of lectures on modern China in its 
economic and social aspects ; he is 
author of: ''Japanese Emigration to 
Manchuria" 1921 ; "Chinese Bureau of 
Labor Statistics," Washington, D.C., 
1923 ; "Analysis of Strikes in China, 
from 1918 to 1926," Bureau of Econo- 
mic Information, Peiping 1927 ; "Labor 
problems in China," Commercial Press, 
Shanghai, 1929; address: Tsing Hua 
University, Peiping. 



Scotland; associate member, Institute 
of Naval Architects, London ; draughts- 
man to Vickers, Limited, 1909-12 ; 
draughtsman to Kiangnan Dockyard 
and Engineering Works, Shanghai 
1912-14 ; secretary to Chief Inspectorate 
of Salt Administration 1914-16; chief 
engineer superintendent of the Govern- 
ment Dockyard, Foochow, 1916-17 ; 
technical expert to Ministry of Navy 
1918 ; secretary to the Chinese delega- 
tion at Washington Conference 1921 ; 
accompanied Wang Chung-hui to Hague 
Court of International Justice, 1923 ; 
associate director and harbor master to 
Harbor and Wharves Administration, 
Tsingtao, 1924-25; secretary to the 
Director-General of Chief Inspectorate, 
Salt Administration, 1926-27 ; Deputy 
secretary of the British Municipal 
Council, Tientsin, 1928 to present and 
Acting Secretary since 1934 ; address : 
British Municipal Council, Tientsin. 





Chen Teh -cheng 
NL •& « £ # **. 
CHEN TEH-CHENG, school prin- 
cipal ; born at Pukiang, Chekiang, in 
1899; studied at Middle School of 
Hangchow Christian College and was 
graduated in physics ; following his 
graduation from Hangchow Christian 
College he became a teacher in the 
Vincent Miller Academy at Soochow for 
a term and later taught successively in 
various other middle schools ; became 
principal of the Middle School of the 
University of Shanghai in 1923, but 
left the school a few months later 
because of his opposition to Communist 
activities in the school; he then 
joined the Republican Daily News as 
editor-in-chief but was arrested shortly 
afterward by the northern clique; he 
succeeded in escaping to Canton where 
he was appointed by the National 
Government as secretary to the govern- 
ment ; appointed a member of the 
commission for Communist elimination 
of the Shanghai Special Municipality in 
April, 1926; following the fifth plenary 
kpession of the Kuomintang in 1928 he 
^"was appointed director of the Shanghai 
Special Kuomintang Headquarters ; 
elected a member of the executive 
committee of the same and director of 
the propaganda department in 1928 and 
in April, 1929 was appointed concurrently 
commissioner of Education of Shang- 
hai Special Municipality," of which post 
he was relieved in October, J.930 ; he is 



Chen Tao-yuan 

CHEN TAO-YUAN, Secy. British 
Municipal Council, Tientsin; born 
Tchenhai, Chekiang, 1888 ; graduate of 
Peiyang U., Tientsin after which he 

received a degree of M.E. at Cornell I now principal of the Chien Yeh Middle 
U. in 1909 ; attended Glasgow U., I School in Shanghai 




Chen Tiao-yuan 

& -m x, % # # 

CHEN TIAO-YUAN, Government 

official ; born at Ansin, Chihi, 1885 ; 
received his military education at the 
Paoting Military Officers' College; 
joined the Army after graduation and 
soon became a brigadier-commander ; 
defense commissioner of Hsuchow ; 
Commander-in-Chief of the bandit-sup- 
pression Army and Military Governor of 
Anhwei; joined the Northern Punitive 
Expedition of the Nationalist Revolu- 
tionary Army in 1927 and was appointed 
Commander of the 37th Army and 
concurrently Commander of the Northern 
Route Army; made member of the 
Military Council 1928; member of the 
Peiping Division of the Central Political 
Council; member of the State Council; 
fought against Yen Hsi-shan's forces 
in Shantung, 1930 ; Chairman of the 
Anhwei Provincial Government, 1930-32 ; 
Commander of the 1st Route Army, 
1933 ; Commander-in-Chief of the 
Communist-suppression Reserve Forces 
of Kiangsi, Hunan, Kwangtung and 
Hupeh, 1923 ; Chairman of the Military 
Advisory Council, since 1934; address: 
Military Advisory Council, National 
Government, Nanking. 





Chen Ting 

Ul ft * # id 

CHEN TING, diplomatic official; 
native of Kwangsi ; born in Hunan in 
1894 ; received Chinese classical education 
under private tutors, and graduated 
from the Provincial Law School of 
Hupeh in 1915 ; admitted to the bar in 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



35 



1917 ; became member of the Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs after passing the 
Examination for High Civil Service in 
1919 ; appointed Attache to the Chinese 
Delegation accredited to the League of 
Nations in 1925 ; served as Secretary to 
the Chinese Delegations to the Annual 
Assemblies of the League of Nations 
from 1925 to 1927 ; served as Technical 
Expert to the Chinese Delegation to 
the World Economic Conference, 1926; 
appointed Second Secretary of the 
Chinese Delegation accredited to the 
League of Nations in 1928; appointed 
Government Representative on the Lea- 
gue Advisory Commission for Refugees 
in 1929, Government Representative on 
the Conference Internationale des Colo- 
nies de Vacances et Oeuvres de Plein 
Air at Geneva in 1931, and Substitute 
Delegate to the International Conference 
for Limitation of the Manufacture of 
Narcotic Drugs at Geneva in 1931 ; 
appointed First Secretary of the Chinese 
Delegation accredited to the League of 
Nations, and elected member of the 
International Diplomatic Academy, 
Paris, in 1930 ; nominated in 1932 as 
member of the panel for Commissions 
of Enquiry of the International Labor 
Office to consider international com- 
plaints under Article 357 of the Peace 
Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, 1919 ; 
served as Technical Expert and Assistant 
Secretary-General to the. Chinese Dele- 
gations to the Annual Assemblies of 
the League of Nations from 1928 to 
1934 ; served as Technical Expert to the 
Chinese Delegations to the World 
Disarmament Conference and to the 
Extraordinary Assembly of the League 
of Nations dealing with the Sino-Japan- 
ese dispute, in 1932 ; appointed Technical 
Delegate to the Universal Postal Con- 
gress in Cairo, 1934 ; address : Chinese 
Delegation, Geneva, Switzerland. 



because of his high scholastic standing 
he was given a University fellowship 
of G.$600 ; while at Michigan he 
was president of the Chinese Students' 
Association of the University ; during 
the Washington Conference in 1921 he 
was special correspondent for the Sin 
Wan Poo, Shanghai daily paper ; on 
returning to China in 1922 he was given 
a professorship in the Comparative 
Law School at Shanghai and held this 
until 1925 ; since that time he has been 
in private law practice in Shanghai ; 
dean of the School of Law of* China 
National Institute, Woosung, since 1934 ; 
address: 131 Museum Road, Shanghai. 



Admiral Chan Chak (Chen Tseh) 

* * 
ADMIRAL CHAN CHAK, navy offi- 
cer; born at Chungshan, Kwangtung, 
1895 ; commander of the 4th naval 
squadron in Kwangtung, 1929-31 ; elected 
member of the Central Executive Com-* 
mittee of Kuomintang, 1932 ; was forced 
to leave Canton by General Chen 
Chi-tang; director of the Naval Bureau 
of the National Military Affairs Com- 
mission, since 1934 ; address : Bureau cf 
Naval Affairs, Military Affairs Commis- 
sion, Nanking. 





Chen Ding-sal (Ch'en T'ing-JuD 
$. It $L 

CHEN DING-SAI, lawyer; born at 
Soochow, Kiangsu in 1889 ; attended 
Soochow University, 1906-09; he then 
went to Shanghai and for several years 
was compiler for the Chung Hwa Book 
Company and co-editor of the magazine 
Ta Chung Hwa; at the same time he 
translated scores of books from English 
into Chinese ; studied at the Comparative 
Law School, 1917-20 and graduated with 
LL.B. degree; went to America as a 
self -supporting student and entered the 
graduate law school of the University 
of Michigan and received his D.J. 
degree in 1921 and M.A. degree in 
political science in 1922; his thesis was 
"The Principles of State Succession as 
revealed by the Versailles Treaty"; 



Chen Tu-hsiu 

en m % 

CHEN TU-HSIU, noted communist 
leader and scholar; born at Huaining, 
Anhwei, 1879 ; received his advanced 
education in France and Japan ; one 
of the forerunners of the "Literary 
Revolution" and editor of La Jeuase ; 
professor and later dean of department 
of literature of the Peking Government 
University ; was admitted to the 
Kuomintang in 1924, but soon became 
communist ; elected delegate of Chinese 
communists to the 3rd International 
at Moscow, 1925 ; elected member of 
the Central Executive Committee of the 
Kuomintang, 1925 ; issued joint telegram 
with Wang Ching-wei, representing the 
Chinese Communist Party with Wang 
representing the Kuomintang, Shanghai, 
1926 ; was expelled from the Kuomin- 
tang in 1928 ; arrested in Shanghai, 
1932 and after a protracted trial by 
the Kiangsu High Court at Nanking, 
was sentenced to 15 years' imprison- 
ment in Oct. 1932; he is now serving 
his prison term in Nanking, 



Chan Chung-sing (Chen Tsung-chen) 
& $ Afc 
CHAN CHUNG-SING, social worker ; 
born at Canton in 1900 ; was graduated 
from the Kwangtung Law College, 
1919 ; went to France in 1920 ; received 
his degrees of Licencie of Law and 
Doctor of Political Science and Eco- 
nomics from Universite de Paris, 1925 ; 
secretary of the International Labor 
Office in the Asiatic Inquiry Depart- 
ment, 1925-28 ; author : "Concessions en 
Chine," contributor to many European 
periodicals ; returned to China in 1928 
with Albert Thomas, director of the 
International Labor Office from June 
1930-July 1934 ; now secretary of the 
International Labor Office in Geneva; 
address : International Labor Office, 
Geneva. 




Chen Tso-heng 

$.&&% % # 
CHEN TSO-HENG (CHEN TU - 
HENG), Naval officer. 
(See Page 65, 4th Edition). 



Wei Ping Chen (Chen Wei-ping) 

% * 9t 
WEI-PING CHEN, Consular official; 
born at Peiping, 1879 ; studied at the 
Peking Methodist College, graduating 
with B.A. Degree in 1902; after 
graduation joined the Church Ministry 
serving in different capacities in the 
various districts for eight years ; went 
to America for higher education in 
1910, and there attended the following 
colleges ; Ohio Wesleyan University 
(M.A. Degree, 1911), University of 
Michigan, 1911-13 ; Boston University 
(Ph.D. Degree 1915) his doctoral 
dissertation being "Development of 
the Customs House under the Manchu 
Dynasty" ; on returning to China, 
he was appointed editor of the 
"Chinese Christian Advocate" ; delegate 
of Chinese Christians of the Methodist 
Church to attend its General Conference 
held in Des Moines Iowa, 1920 ; from 
1920 to 1924, secretary of the Centenary 
Movement of the Methodist Episcopal 
Mission, and in that capacity he visited 
important centres of the Methodist 
Mission ; Professor of University of 
Nanking, 1924 ; appointed to the Opium 
Suppression Bureau in 1929 and in 
1930 joined the Ministry for Foreign 
Affairs ; appointed Consul-General for 
China in Australia, 1931 which position 
he now holds ; author of the book 
entitled "Manchuria or Manchukuo," 
the effect of three years of Japanese 
Aggression ; address : Chinese Consulate 
General, Sydney, Australia. 



36 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Chen Wen-ling 

&. 3t # 
CHEN WEN-LING, aviator; born 
at Amoy, Fukien ; received his early- 
education at the Ming Li Middle School 
at Kulangyu, and later at the Anglo- 
Chinese College at Foochow, Fukien ; at 
the age of 16, he joined the Great 
Northern Cable Co., at Shanghai, where 
he was employed for six years ; went 
to Germany for military education, 
1922-25 ; returned to China in 1925 and 
during the agitations following the 
May 30th Incident of that year, he 
served as commander of the student 
army at Amoy ; was sent to Germany 
by Gen. Ling Ku-keng, then garrison 
commander of Amoy, as student at the 
Baumer Aero-Academy ; after complet- 
ing the course, he returned to China 
in 1928 and assisted in the organization 
of aviation bureau at Amoy ; later in 
1928, he was sent to England with a 
commission to purchase several planes 
for military use in China, one of 
which the "Amoy" he brought back to 
China by air, having made the entire 
distance of about 15,000 miles, being 
the first Chinese to complete the fight 
from Europe to China; director of the 
Naval Air Establishment at Amoy, since 
1931 ; address : Naval Air Establishment, 
Amoy, Fukien. 




William Y. Chen (Chen Wen-yuan) 

WILLIAM Y. CHEN, college pro- 
fessor ; born at Foochow, Fukien ; was 
graduated from the Anglo-Chinese 



College, Foochow ; served as social 
secretary in the Foochow Institutional 
Church and principal of Tsing Daik 
School ; studied at Syracuse University 
U.S.A. where he obtained the degree of 
B.A., in 1928 and M.A., in 1919 ; he was 
lecturer on Chinese history in Syracuse 
University ; after his return, served as 
teacher in the Foreign Language College, 
Foochow ; Superintendent of the Foo- 
chow Institutional Church : adviser to 
Governor Sah Chen-ping of Fukien and 
to the salt commissioner of Fukien 
province; pastor of the Foochow 
Studenl Church ; lecturer on religious 
education in Fukien Christian Univer- 
sity and on comparative religion in 
Hwa Nan Women's College, Foochow ; 
later he studied social psychology with 
William McDougall at Duke University 
and received his Ph. D. degree in 1930 ; 
lectured on Chinese nationalism in 
America and Europe ; attended 
Cambridge University, England ; Univer- 
sity of Paris and Berlin University ; 
participated in a series of lectures 
on China with Sir Frederick Whyte, 
Commander Stephen King-Hall and 
the Earl of Gosford for the British 
Broadcasting Corporation, London in 
1929 ; returned to China in 1931 and 
is at present associate professor of 
psychology, chairman of Arts Faculty 
and acting President of the Fukien 
Christian University ; address : Fukien 
Christian University, Foochow. 




Chen Yen-chiung 
(*.*_*■ 

CHEN YEN-CHIUNG, Railway 
official; born at Fanyu, Kwangtung, 
1895 ; secretary to the Provincial 
Department of Education of Kwang- 
tung ; director of general affairs depart- 
ment of the Canton Mint; director 
of general affairs department of the 
Canton-Kowloon Railway Administra- 
tion ; secretary to the Ministry of 
Communications ; counsellor to the 
Ministry of Finance ; director of 
general affairs department of the 
Ministry of Railways ; president of the 
administration board of the Tientsin- 
Pukow Railway ; counsellor to the 
Ministry of Railways ; counsellor to 
the Provisional Headquarters of the 
President of the Military Affairs 
Commission at Nanchang ; now, 
managing-director of the Peiping-Han- 
kow Railway ; address : Peiping-Hankow 
Railway Administration, Hankow. 



GEN. CHEN YI, Government official ; 
born at Shaohsing, Chekiang, 1882 ; 
graduate of the Military Cadets School, 
the Artillery School and the Military 
Academy, Tokyo; Chief of the Military 




Gen. Chen Yl 
& fc ^ fr &• 

Affairs Department of Chekiang ; Coun- 
sellor to the Headquarters of the 
Commander-in-Chief of the National 
Forces ; Commander of the 1st Division 
of the Chekiang Provincial Army; 
Commander of the Forces at Su-chow, 
Chekiang ; Civil Governor of Chekiang ; 
member of the Military Affairs Com- 
mission of the Nationalist Government; 
Director of the Arsenal Administration 
of the Ministry of War ; Adminis- 
trative Vice-Minister of the Ministry 
of War and later Political Vice- 
Minister of the same Ministry; now 
Chairman of the Fukien Provincial 
Government ; address : Fukien Pro- 
vincial Government, Foochow, Fukien. 




Eugene Chen (Chen Yu-Jen) 

EUGENE CHEN, journalist, publicist 
and retired Minister of Foreign Affairs ; 
native of Kwangtung ; born at 
Trinidad, S. America, 1878; received 
his legal education in England and was 
admitted to the bar in London ; after 
practising law for some years in West 
Indies, he returned to China in 1912, 
when he was appointed legal adviser to 
the Ministry of Communications at 
Peking ; publisher and editor of the 
Peking Gazette, 1914-16, in the course 
of his duties as such, he was arrested 
and imprisoned for his anti-Japanese 
writings denouncing certain sinister 
negotiations of the then Peking 
Administration with Japan, 1916 ; 
pardoned and released, 1917 ; left 
Peking for Shanghai, where he as- 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



37 



sociated with Dr. Sun Yat-sen and 
other Southern Leaders ; member of 
the diplomatic mission of the Southern 
Military Government to the United 
States, 1917 ; editor of the Shanghai 
Gazette, Shanghai, 1918-19 ; member of 
the Southern delegation, to Paris Peace 
Conference 1919 ; after the conference, 
he travelled extensively in Europe, 
returning to China in 1920 ; adviser to 
the Southern Government, 1922-24 ; 
founder and editor of the Min Pao 
ox the People Tribune, Peiping, 1925 
and was imprisoned by the Fengtien 
authorities for publishing the news of 
death of Chang Tso-lin in his paper ; 
acting Minister of Foreign Affairs of 
the Nationalist Government at Canton, 
1926 ; substantiated Minister of Foreign 
Affairs of the Nationalist Government, 
Wuhan, 1927 ; after the split of Nanking 
and Wuhan factions, he was relieved 
of his post by the Nanking Government 
and has been residing in Europe since 
1927 ; elected member of the Central 
Executive Committee of Kuomintang 
and of the Central Political Council, 
1928 ; married Miss Chang Tsing-ying, 
daughter of Chang Chin-kiang, in 
France, 1930: Minister of Foreign 
Affairs of the Canton Opposition 
Government, end of 1931 ; Minister of 
Foreign Affairs of the National 
Government, 1932 ; joined the Fukien 
Independence Movement and became 
Minister of Foreign Affairs of the 
"People's Government," 1933-34 ; after 
collapse of the Movement, he has been 
living in retirement. 




Chen Yugwan (Chen Yu-kuang) 
&*§-*, 

Y. G. CHEN, university president: 
born in Chekiang, 1893 ; after his 
graduation from the University of 
Nanking in 1915, he devoted his time 
during 1915-16 to the study of Chinese 
classics and in the Summer of 1916, he 
went to America as a private student 
and first entered the Case School of 
Applied Science in Cleveland, Ohio, as 
a special student in chemistry: took 
postgraduate work under the direction 
of faculty of pure science of Columbia 
University in 1917, receiving his M.A. 
degree in 1918 and Ph.D. degree in 
1922 and being awarded in 1929 the 
Columbia University Medal, granted to 
graduates who have secured their 
degrees at Columbia and have returned 
to their native lands and there rendered 
public service ; elected member of the 
Phi Lambda Upsilon and Sigma XI, 
honorary chemical and scientific frater- 
nities, in 1919 and 1922 ; while in 
America, he was elected general-ma- 
nager of the Chinese Students' Monthly, 



1919-20 ; president of the Chinese 
Students' Club of Columbia University, 
1920-21 ; and chairman of the Chinese 
Committee for famine relief drive in 
America, 1920-21 ; returned to China in 
1922 and was appointed chief of _ the 
department of physics and chemistry 
at the Peking National Normal Uni- 
versity, 1925 ; during this time, he also 
served as dean of the administration 
and for two years, as chairman of the 
university council, acting for a while 
as President of the institution ; in the 
fall of 1925, he returned to the Uni- 
versity of Nanking and in 1926, was 
made dean of the College of Arts 
and Science ; elected President of the 
University of Nanking, 1927 to the 
present ; elected President of the 
Chinese Chemical Society in 1933 ; and 
one of the ten specialists who were 
invited to attend the National Ex- 
amination and Personnel Conference of 
the Central Government in November 
1934 ; address : University of Nanking, 
Nanking. 




John Wing Hon Chun (Chen Yung-han) 

#- £. & 
JOHN WING HON CHUN, physician ; 
born at Shanghai in 1888 ; received his 
early education in the Anglo-Chinese 
School, Shanghai and Dunstable Gram- 
mar School, Bedfordshire, England ; 
attended Cambridge, Trinity College; he 
is holder of the following degrees : A.B., 
M.B. and B.C. (Cambridge) ; M.R.C.S. 
and L.R.C.P. ; on returning to China 
he became a surgeon at Lester Hospital, 
Shanghai and later was appointed 
senior medical officer, Manchurian 
Plague Prevention Service, Harbin ; 
last known address : Plague Prevention 
Service, Harbin, Manchuria. 



C. C. CHEN, university professor ; 
born at Foochow, Fukien, 1887 ; received 
his education at: the English Methodist 
College, 1905-08; Shanghai College, 
Shanghai, 1909-13 ; Brown University, 
U.S.A., 1913-16; Yale University, 1916- 
19 ; holder of the following degrees ; 
B.A., Ph.B., M.Sc, and Ph.D. (Yale) ; 
served as professor and head of 
department of biology, Shanghai College, 
1919 ; vice-president of Shanghai 
College, 1921-27 ; chairman of the school 
of natural sciences, the same College, 
1929 to the present ; member of 
American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science ; member of Sigma 
Xi. Honorary Society of Science in 
America ; holder of Currier Fellowship 
at Yale; fellow of Peiping Society of 
Natural History; author of a college 




C. C. Chen (Cheng Chang-chen) 

text book on biology and contributor 
of articles to Journal of Bacteriology 
and The Science, two American pub- 
lications ; address : School of Natural 
Sciences, University of Shanghai, 
Shanghai. 




Mrs. C. C. Chen (Mrs. Cheng Chang-chen) 

$$• &&■ $fi 

MRS. C. C. CHEN, school principal 
and social worker ; born at Ningpo, 
Chekiang, 1891 ; attended the following 
schools : Bridgman School at Shanghai, 
Mount Holyoke, Columbia University, 
New York School of Social Research 
and Yale University in America ; 
positions held include ; principal of 
Bridgman School at Shanghai ; chairman 
of the National Board of Y.W.C.A. of 
China ; chairman of Board of Women's 
Medical College and Margaret William- 
son Hospital of Shanghai ; member of 
the Executive Committee of the 
National Christian Council ; member of 
Educational Board of East China 
Baptist Convention ; conferences at- 
tended: World Y.W.C.A. Commission 
at Oxford, 1926 ; International Christian 
Council at Jerusalem, 1928 ; National 
Beptist Convention at Detroit, 1928 
and World Baptist Alliance at Toronto, 
U.S.A., 1928; address: c/o Mr. C. C. 
Chen, School of Natural Sciences, 
University of Shanghai, Shanghai. 



38 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Andrew C. Y. Cheng (Cheng Chih-yi) 

**# 

ANDREW C. Y. CHENG, university 
professor ; born in Peking in 1898 ; 
received his early education in Jefferson 
Academy, Tungchow, Hopei ; was 
graduated from the North China Union 
College in 1918 ; went to America in 
1919 and studied at the Hartford 
Seminary Foundation ; was appointed 
Assistant in Chinese in the same 
institution, 1919-22 ; was called to 
France as one of the Y.M.C.A. 
secretaries among the Chinese Labor 
Battalions attached to the American 
Expeditionary Force in 1920; returned 
to the United States in the same year 
and continued his studies in Hartford, 
graduating with B.D. degree in 1922 ; 
took post-graduate work in Union 
Theological Seminary in New York and 
Teachers College of Columbia University 
and received the degrees of S. T. M. 
(magna cum laude) from Union and 
M.A. from Columbia in 1924 ; was 
appointed Lecturer in the Department 
of Chinese of Columbia University, 
1924-27 ; completed his doctoral dis- 
sertation on the philosophy of Hsuntzu 
and received the Ph.D. degree from 
Columbia University in 1927; returned 
to China and was appointed Assistant 
Professor in the School of Religion, 
Yenching University, from 1927 to 
1933 ; visiting professor at Union The- 
ological College, Canton and Nanking 
Theological Seminary, Nanking, from 
1933-34 ; head of the Department of 
Religion at the University of Nanking, 
1934-35; author of "Hsutzu's Theory 
of Human Nature and Its Influence on 
Chinese Thought" (in English) and" An 
Introduction to the Literature of the 
New Testament" (in Chinese) ; address : 
University of Nanking, Nanking. 



Cheng Cheng-chun 

m &. & 

CHENG CHENG -CHUN, Govern- 
ment official. Deceased. 

(See Page 70, 4th Edition). 



CHENG CHIEN, military officer; 
born at Liling, Hunan, 1881 ; attended 
the Hunan Military Academy and the 
Japanese Military Cadets' Academy, 
specializing in cavalry tactics ; upon 
returning to China, he joined the bureau 
of military affairs in Hunan and was 
appointed commander of the Hu Kuo 
Chun (the so-called National Defense 
Army) against Yuan Shih-kai, when 
Yuan was attempting to make himself 




Cheng Chien 

a » 

Emperor, 1916 ; assistant commander of 
Kwangtung troops, 1920; commander 
of the 6th Army of the Nationalist 
Northern Expeditionary Forces in 1926 
and was in command of the Nationalist 
troops which captured Nanking in 1927 
(involved in the so-called Nanking 
Incident) ; elected member of the Cen- 
tral Executive Committee of Kuomin- 
tang and of the Military Council, 1927; 
Commander-in-Chief of the 4th Route 
Nationalist Army and was responsible 
for defeat of Tang Sheng-chi (then 
rebelling against the Nanking Govern- 
ment) 1927; member and chairman of 
the Hunan Provincial Government and 
concurrently member of the Wuhan 
Division of the Central Political Coun- 
cil, 1928 ; was suspected of counter- 
revolutionary activities against Nanking 
and imprisoned by Li Tsung-jen, 1928 ; 
released by the Nanking Government, 
1928 ; Chief of General Staff, since Dec. 
1935 ; address : The Board of General 
Staff, Nanking. 




C. Y. Cheng (Cheng Ching-yl) 

«#* 

C. Y. CHENG, Christian worker; 
born at Peiping ; son of a Christian 
minister; received his early education 
in mission schools and was graduated 
from the theological school of the 
London Missionary Society, Tientsin 
in 1900 ; secretary of the London 
Mission Church, Peiping, 1900-03 ; 
went to England to assist in the 



revision of the Chinese New Testament 
and make a study of the Bible, 1908- 
08 ; he was pastor of the London 
Mission Church and was in charge of 
three churches in Peking, 1908-10 ; 
represented the Chinese churches of the 
London Missionary Society at the World 
Missionary Conference at Edinburgh, 
1910 ; appointed chairman of the 
National Evangelistic Association Con- 
ference at Hankow, 1910 ; travelled in 
China in the interest of church unity 
and religious toleration 1910-11 ; attend- 
ed Edinburgh Continuation Committee 
conferences at Edinburgh, 1913 and the 
seme year was appointed Chinese 
secretary to the China Continuation 
Committee, which he held until 1922; 
travelled in England in 1914 ; compaign- 
ed against the attempt made by Chen 
Hwan Chang to establish Confucianism 
as the state religion of China in 1916 ; 
received an honorary degree of D.D. 
from Knox College, Toronto in 1916 ; 
founded the Chinese Home Missionary 
Society in 1918 and was its president 
for 10 years ; started the "China for 
Christ Movement" in 1919 ; chairman of 
the National Christian Conference, 
1922 ; studied in America and upon his 
return from the States he was appointed 
secretary to the National Christian 
Council of China, later became its 
general secretary until the end of 1933 ; 
travelled in Europe and Canada, 1922-24 ; 
elected moderator of the Church of 
Christ in 1927 and occupied that 
position till 1933 ; delegate to the 
International Missionary Council at 
Jerusalem, 1928 and was elected a 
vice-chairman ; attended the Interna- 
tional Missionary Council meetings at 
Williamstown, Mass. in 1929 ; received 
an honorary D.D. degree from St. John's 
University in 1929 ; attended the Inter- 
national Congregational Union at Bourn- 
mouth, England and several missionary 
meetings in Great Britain in 1930 ; 
went to America in 1981 to attend the 
Presbyterian World Conference at 
Lakeville, Connecticut ; received an 
honorary LL.D. degree from Wooster 
College; elected general secretary of 
the Church of Christ in China at its 
Third General Assembly Meeting held 
at Amoy in October 1934, with its 
headquarters now in Peiping ; during 
the past twenty years he has travelled 
extensively in China and abroad, beside 
his work with the National Christian 
Council and the Church of Christ in 
China he also served on various 
Christian institutions such as the 
Shantung Christian University, the 
Central China University, the Univer- 
sity of Nanking, Medhurst College, 
Hangchow Christian College, Christian 
Literature Society for China, the British 
and Foreign Bible Society and various 
other Christian organizations ; address : 
6 Rung Hsien Hutung, East City, 
Peiping 



S. G. CHENG, Government official; 
born in Chinkiang, Kiangsu, in 1894 ; 
graduate of Kiangnan Provincial 
College, Nanking; B.Sc. (Econ.) of 
the University of London, 1917, D.Sc. 
(Econ.) of the University of London, 
1921 ; studied in Paris and Columbia 
Universites ; secretary to the Peace 
Treaty Commission of the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs and secretary to the 
Chinese Delegation to the League of 
Nations 1920-22 ; adviser to Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs ; secretary and later 
councillor of Ministry of Finance ; 
technical expert to the Special Customs 
Conference and to the Sino-Russian 
Conference 1922-28 ; expectant Minister 
Plenipotentiary ; special delegate of 
the Ministry of Finance in Europe in 
1928 ; departmental director of the Salt 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



39 




8. G. Cheng (Cheng Hsi-keng) 

& n jk 5 & * 

Administration, Ministry of Finance, 
1928-32; councillor of the Political 
Affairs Readjustment Council in Peiping 
1933 ; now Special Commissioner of 
Foreign Affairs at Peiping ; member 
of American Society of International 
Law; author of "Modern China" A 
Political Study, (Oxford University 
Press) ; contributor to "Contemporary 
Review", "Observer" "Annua! Register" 
(London), "China Year Book (Shang- 
hai)" and "Current Events" (Nanking) ; 
address : Office. Snecial Commissioner of 
Foreign Affairs, Peiping. 




Cheng Hung-nlen 

* s* 4 ^ -te * 

CHENG HUNG-NIEN, Government 
official; born at Pangyu, Kwangtung, 
1874 ; a provincial graduate with the 
degree of Chu-jen under the Manchu 
regime ; appointed president of the Chi 
Nan Government Institute by the Board 
of Education, 1908 ; chief secretary to 
the Ministry of Communications under 
Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Provisional Govern- 
ment at Nanking, 1912 ; vice-Minister 
of Communications, Peking, 1913 ; 
Commissioner of Finance in the Canton 
Military Government, 1924 ; later, high 
adviser to the Military Governor of 
Kwangtung ; vice-Minister of Finance 
under the Nationalist Government at 
Nanking, 1927 ; political vice Minister 
of Industry, Commerce and Labor, 1928 ; 
member of the National Reconstruction 
Committee of the Nationalist Govern- 



ment; member of the Overseas Affairs 
Committee; member of the National 
University Council (Ministry of Educa- 
tion) ; member of the Committee on 
the Disposition of the Boxer Indemnity 
Fund; president of the Chinan Univer- 
sity, Chenju near Shanghai 1927-34; 
(the university being largely devoted 
to the education of the sons of the 
overseas Chinese) ; member of the 
Legislative Yuan, since 1984 ; address : 
c/o Legislative Yuan, Nanking. 



after the Japanese occupation of 
Mukden in Sept. 18, 1931, he was 
prominently identified with the work 
of volunteers in Manchuria as Com- 
mander of 48th Route Volunteer Army; 
he fought against the Japanese at 
many important towns including Sui- 
chung, Hsincheng, Sin-Chwang-Tse, 
Pao-Kwang-Tze, Ping-Chuan-Ying, Shih- 
men, etc. and captured a large number 
of Japanese soldiers including many 
officers two of whom are named Tani 
and Tsuchii. 




Cheng K'e 

mJL # # * 

CHENG K'E, Government official; 
born at Kaifeng, Honan, 1878 ; studied 
law under the Manchu regime and 
was a graduate of the law department 
of the Tokyo Imperial University, 
Japan ; upon his return to China, he 
joined the revolutionary movement and 
was arrested by Manchu authorities, 
but later liberated through the efforts 
of the former Ching Prime Minister, 
Chao Ping-chun ; after establishment 
of the Republic, he was appointed 
counsellor to the Ministry of Interior 
and legal counsellor to the President, 
1912 ; member of the Senate represent- 
ing Thibet, 1913 ; circuit magistrate of 
the Hanchung circut, Shensi, 1914 ; 
High Commissioner for Altai 1915-20 ; 
assisted Feng Yu-hsiang in Honan in 
directing military affairs, 1922 ; acting 
Minister of Justice, 1923 ; Minister of 
Interior and chairman of the Law 
Codification Commission, 1924 ; advisor 
to the Peiping Political Council, 1934; 
now Mayor of Tientsin Municipality ; 
address : Municipal Government, Tien- 
tsin. 



Gen. Cheng Kwel-lin 

J* &$* 
CHENG KWEI-LIN, Manchurian 
Volunteer leader; born at Chang-Pai 
District, Liaoning ; was graduated from 
Chao- Yang University, Peiping ; served 
in the Kirin Court of Justice and later 
joined the Chinese Eastern Railway 
Defence Guards ; after the fall of the 
Czarist Regime, he accompanied the 
Railway Guards to St. Petersburg, but 
soon returned to China : appointed an 
inspecting officer attached to the 7th 
Brigade of Kirin Army, 1921 ; adjutant 
officer to the 1st Detachment of the 
Forest Guards charged with suppression 
of the White Russian bandits, 1922 ; 
received advanced training at the 
Mukden Military School, 1928-30 ; after 
graduation, he became an adjutant 
officer in the 637th Regiment of 13th 
Brigade of the Northeastern Army; 



Cheng Lieh 

*P 8 $ £ f 

CHENG LIEH, judicial official; 
born at Foochow, Fukien, 1888 ; studied 
in Japan for eight years and was 
graduated from the Law School of 
Tokyo Imperial University ; assisted in 
the formation of the Tung-Ming-Hui 
(predecessor of Kuomintang) in Japan 
and organized with the late Lin Wen 
the 14th Branch Headquarters of the 
organ in Fukien ; participated in the 
revolutionary uprising in Canton, 1911 
and when Mr. Lin fell in the famous 
historic battle of Huanghuakang 
( Canton ) , he succeeded him as Director 
of the Fukien Branch Headquarters ; 
in September 1911, he participated in 
the Revolution in -Fuktemmd after the 
overthrow of the Manchu Government 
officials in that province, he was 
elected Minister of Justice in Fukien 
Revolutionary Government; in 1913, 
he served successively as Department 
Director in the Ministry of Justice of 
Peking Government, Director of Judicial 
Administration Preparatory Bureau, 
President of a law college, etc; was 
ordered to be arrested by the Yuan 
Shih-kai Government for participation 
in the Second Revolution against Yuan ; 
appointed Chief Procurator of Yunnan 
High Court, 1915 ; transferred as judge 
and later acting division judge in the 
High Court of Kiangsu, 1916 ; went to 
Canton 1921 and was appointed by the 
late Dr. Sun Yat-sen as Division Judge 
in the Supreme Court and the Adminis- 
trative Court in Canton Revolutionary 
Government ; shortly after, was trans- 
ferred to Kwangsi as President of 
Kwangsi High Court ; in 1922, when 
the Revolutionary Forces entered Fu- 
kien, he was appointed President of 
the Fukien High Court ; appointed 
Chief Procurator of the Supreme 
Court of the National Government, 
Dec. 1928 which post he has since 
retained ; address : Procuratorate, Sup* 
reme Court, Nanking. 



40 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Cheng Shih-kuel 

« «fr * 

CHENG SHIH-KUEI, Government 
official ; born at Sing-Gien, Kiangsi, 
August 24, 1889 ; was graduated from 
the High Normal School, Tokyo ; 
received M. A. degree from Columbia 
University, New York ; principal, the 
Kiangsi First Middle School at Nan- 
chang ; professor, Peiping National 
Normal University and director of the 
Experimental Middle School, Peiping; 
head, Department of Education, Great 
China University, Shanghai ; professor, 
National Central University and head, 
Division of Public Education of Kiang- 
su ; member of the Fukien Provincial 
Government and conurrently Commiss- 
ioner of Education ; now, member of 
the Kiangsi Provincial Government and 
concurrently Commissioner of Educa- 
tion ; author of the following books : 
"San Min Chu I and Education," 
"Special Education : Its Meaning and 
Practice" and numerous articles in 
current periodicals ; address : Depart- 
ment of Education, Kiangsi Provincial 
Government, Nanchang, Kiangsi. 




Cheng Tien-fang 

a *3t 

CHENG TIEN - FANG, Diplomatic 
official ; native of Kiangsi ; born at 
Hangchow, Chekiang, Feb. 25, 1899 ; 
was graduated from the Hsin Yuan 
High School at Hangchow at age of 
17; came to Shanghai and attended 
Fuhtan University ; elected president of 
the Shanghai Students' Union during 
the Student Movement, 1919 ; went to 



U.S.A. in November, 1920 and entered 
the University of Illinois in Sept. 1921, 
from which, he received B.A. degree 
in June, 1922 and M.A. in June, 1923 ; 
appointed by Dr. Sun Yat-sen editor- 
in-chief of the Chung Wen Daily 
News, a Kuomintang newspaper pub- 
lished in Toronto, Canada, in which 
capacity, he served for two years and 
at the same time, studied in the 
University of Toronto, receiving Ph.D. 
degree (in political science) in April, 
1926, his doctoral dissertation being 
"The Oriental Immigration in Canada" ; 
returned to China in Aug. 1926 and 
taught in Shanghai for several months ; 
went to Kiangsi in Nov. 1926 shortly 
after the arrival of the Nationalist 
Revolutionary Army in Nanchang ; 
appointed Commissioner of Education of 
the first Kiangsi Provincial Government 
under the Nationalist regime, Feb. 
1927 and concurrently, member of the 
Provincial Executive Committee of 
Kuomintang ; held captive by the 
Communists during the Communist 
Uprising at Nanchang _ in April, 1927, 
but narrowly escaped ; came to Nanking 
and became professor of political science 
in the National Central University, 
Sept. 1927 to Dec. 1928, concurrently 
serving as a counsellor to the National 
Government ; made a reserve member of 
the Central Executive Committee since 
March 1929 ; Commissioner of Educa- 
tion of Anhui Provincial Government, 
1928-31, and during his three years' 
administration, Anhui has made consi- 
derable progress in education ; Acting 
Chairman of the Anhui Provincial 
Government 1931 ; Assistant Director 
of the Publicity Department of the 
Central Party Headquarters, Sept.-Dec, 
1913; President of the National 
University of Chekiang, Mar. 1932, 
April 1933 ; member of the Kiangsu 
Provincial Government and concurrently 
secretary-gentral, 1933-34 ; Dean of the 
Central Political Institute, 1934-35 ; 
appointed Chinese Ambassador to 
Germany, June 1935 ; address : c/o 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Nanking 
or Chinese Embassy, Berlin, Germany. 




F. T. Cheng (Cheng Tien-hsi) 

J* *. * % ft A 

F. T. CHENG, Government official; 
born at Hsiangshan, Kwangtung, 1884 ; 
received his early education in Hong- 
kong ; went to England in 1907 and 
studied law at University of London, 
graduating with honors in 1912 ; was 
called to the bar in 1913, after which he 
did research work in law and obtained 
the degree of LL.D. from London 
University ; won the Quain prize of the 
University in a public essay competition 
on International Law, 1916 ; elected 



member of the Grotius Society of 
London, 1916 ; member of the Interna- 
tional Law Association, London, 1917, 
member of the Academy of Social and 
Political Science (America) 1935; re- 
turned to China in 1917 and was 
admitted to the Hongkong bar ; went to 
Peiping toward the end of 1917 and was 
appointed chief compiler of the law 
codification commission, 1918, 1920 and 
1922 ; judge of the Supreme Court, 
1919 ; technical expert of the Chinese 
delegation to the Washington Con- 
ference, 1921 ; deputy delegate to the 
International Commission on Extra- 
territoriality ; legal practitioner in 
Shanghai, 1928-34, and concurrently 
professor of law at the Comparative 
Law School of China, Shanghai, 1929 ; 
Vice-Minister of Justice, 1932-34 ; now 
advisor to the Ministry of Justice and 
special commissioner of the National 
Government to supervise the Chinese 
Art Exhibition in London ; he is now in 
England ; author of "Private Interna- 
tional Law Relating to Capacity to 
Contract," "Translation of Supreme 
Court Decisions," "Prize Court Judg- 
ments and Prize Regulations," "Draft 
Criminal and Civil Codes of the Criminal 
Procedure," and various other miscel- 
laneous laws ; address : F. T. Cheng's 
Law Office, 20 Museum Road, Shanghai. 




i f i 

T. K. Ching (Cheng Tien-ku) 

a a si 

T. K. CHING, retired Government 
official; born in Kwangtung, _ 1890; 
received his advanced education in 
America, attending the University of 
Chicago and the University of California, 
from the latter he was graduated in 1913 ; 
while in America, he was an editor of 
a revolutionary organ, "Young China in 
America"; upon returning to China, 
he joined the revolutionary movement 
and acted for a time as secretary to 
Dr. Sun Yat-sen ; later he was appo- 
inted commissioner of public works in 
Canton and at the same time, managing 
director of the Star Leather Co., Tai 
Sing Copper Mill and the Sand-Lime 
Brick Co. ; after resigning his 
commissionership, he became dean of 
the College of Law and Political 
Science of the University of Kwang- 
tung ; at the same time, he served as 
legal adviser to the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs ; after the formation 
of the Nationalist Government at 
Nanking, he was appointed director of 
the board of customs administration, 
Ministry of Finance, 1927 ; travelled to 
America in company with Hsu Chung- 
chi, 1928 ; secretary to Hu/> Han-min, 
ex-President of the Legislative Yuan; 
he is now accompanying Mr. Hu on his 
tour abroad. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



41 




T. T. Cheng (Chen Tien-tou) 

a a ^ 

T. T. CHENG, retired Government 
official: born at Hsiangshan, Kwang- 
tung, 1891 ; received his early education 
in Honolulu where he studied at the 
Mills Institute and Oahu College; went 
to America in 1906, attending 
Stanford and Chicago Universites, 
receiving Ph.B. degree from the latter; 
commissioner of public works at 
Canton, 1912-15 ; promoter and organ- 
izer of the Industrial and Commercial 
Bank, Hongkong ; manager of the 
Provincial Bank of Kwangtung and 
Commissioner of Finance of same 
province under Dr. Sun Yat-sen, 1923 ; 
no response to inquiries has been 
received since 1925. 



and concurrently professor in the Public 
Law School, 1922; judge of Shanghai 
Provisional Court and concurrently 
professor at the Comparative Law 
School, 1927 ; and concurrently profess- 
or of Chih Tze University in 1929; he 
resigned from the post in the court in 
1930 and has since been engaged in 
private law practice in Shanghai; and 
he still holds the professorship at both 
the Comparative Law School and the 
Chih Tze University; address: E.574A. 
Van Yien Li, Burkill Road, Shanghai. 





Cheng Wen-chia 

IP it # * K *. 

CHENG WEN-CHIA, lawyer; born 
in Icheng, Kiangsii in 1883 ; studied at 
Huchow Police School, Chekiang and 
the Chekiang Government Law College 
in 1907 ; he was graduated as high class 
police officer in 1911 ; president of 
Kungkiachang district court, Chekiang, 
1912; judge of Hangchow District 
Court, 1913 ; judge of Shanghai District 
Court, 1914 ; later judge of the High 
Court of Shansi Province and concur- 
rently _ member of the commission for 
discipline of lawyers: president of the 
1st branch of the High Court of 
Shansi, 1917 ; chief judge of the 1st 
branch of the High Court of Shansi ; 
judge of the High Court of Chekiang 



The Boen-liano (Cheng Wen-Hang) 

* it K 

THE BOEN-LIANG, retired jour- 
nalist; born at Batavia (Java), 1896; 
received his education at Batavia ; 
joined government service (Department 
of Public Works) 1914 and thereafter 
British -and Dutch banks ; contributor 
of articles to various dailies, including 
the "Sin Po" the most prominent 
Chinese Malay daily paper in Nether- 
lands _ India to-day, established at 
Batavia, with which he was afterwards 
connected as Editor (1921) ; edited 
(1918) the Netherlands Indian Civil and 
Commercial Codes, Stamp Ordinance 
(1921) etc. in«Malay; took a prominent 
lead in the great Japanese Boycott 
Movement (1922) in association with 
his fellow editors in Java and the 

outer territories it was at that time 

that the Japanese Boycott movement, 
then and always suppressed rigidly 
and strictly by the Netherlands Indian 
Government, noted its first victims 
(including himself) among Java born 
Chinese journalists ; in social and 
political^ circles he occupied several 
distinguished posts, as secretary or 
executive of various associations, being 
at present president of the "Indonesian 
Chinese Party" ; elected councillor of the 
Soerabaya Municipal Council (1932) ; 
he retired some years ago from active 
journalism, but is still an ardent 
writer of articles to many papers in the 
Orient, pertaining to Chinese status, 
etc., in Netherlands India ; address : 
Princesselaan 61, Soerabaya, Java, 
Netherlands India. 



MISS SOUMAY TCHENG, lawyer, 
revolutionist and Government official ; 
born at Canton, Kwangtung, 1894 ; her 
father was a senior official in the board 
of finance under the Manchu regime ; at 
a very tender age, she already evinced 
an independent spirit which she has 
maintained to the present day; at the 
age of ten, she defied the traditions of 
her day by tearing off the bindings of 
her feet; at the age of 14, she did 




Miss Soumay Tcheng (Cheng Yu-hsiu) 

a still more daring thing by breaking 
her engagement to marry the son 
of the Governor of Canton who had 
been selected for her by her father; 
while still on her teens, she went to 
Tientsin to receive modern education 
and there she became interested in 
revolutionary activities for the over- 
throw of the ruling Manchu regime, 
joining the then secret society of 
Kuomintang ; during the 1911 Revolu- 
tion, she did an unusually daring 
thing by secreting bombs from Tientsin 
to Peking to be used for assassination 
of , Manchu royalties ; the Revolution 
having succeeded, she proceeded to 
Paris to seek -further education ; 
among other institutions, she attended 
the Sorbonne and the University of 
Paris, graduating from the latter with 
the degree of Doctor of Laws, 1926 ; 
with an excellent knowledge of French, 
she became an attache to the Chinese 
Delegation to the Paris Peace Confer- 
ence, 1919 ; in the meantime, in 1917, 
she returned to China and in many 
public addresses, pleaded for the Allied 
cause and explained the European 
situation to her countrymen ; foDowing 
the Conference, she toured England and 
America, speaking before assemblies 
and explaining China's dissatisfaction 
with the treatment being accorded her 
at the Paris Conference ; coming back 
to China, she induced the Chinese 
Government to provide funds for 
educating twenty Chinese girls abroad 
and accomplished the difficult task of 
persuading the parents of the girls to 
allow them to go: at the head of a. 
score of women students, she once more 
proceeded to Paris, superintending their 
education and also continuing her own 
studies ; upon gaduating with honor 
from the law department of the Univer- 
sity of Paris in 1926, she submitted a 
thesis on "Le Mouvement Constitution^ 
en Chine" ; on returning to China, she 
looked for a legal career, being the first 
woman to become a lawyer and was 
the first Chinese of either sex to be 
admitted to practise in the French 
Mixed Court at Shanghai ; in 1927, when 
the Nationalist Revolutionary Forces 
swept over Shanghai, she was appointed 
president of the Shanghai Native 
District Court and in April, 1927, was 
appointed a member of the Government 
Committee at Nanking; in Oct., 1927, 
she was appointed President of the 
Shanghai Provisional Court in the 
International Settlement, but declined 
appointment ; later made a member of 
the National Reconstruction and of 
the Legislative Yuan of the Nanking 



42 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



Government; in Jan. 1928, she was 
sent by the Nationalist Government to 
Europe to study judicial conditions ; 
since her return, she had been 
practising law in Shanghai, 1928-30 ; 
and concurrently serving as an adviser 
to Gen. Chang Hsiao-Hang, 1930 ; she is 
a facile writer and author of "The 
Model Chinese Family" in English and 
"Souvenirs d'Enfance et de Revolution" 
in French; address: 652 Avenue Haig, 
Shanghai. 




Chi Chan-ju 
^Jt. *» ^ a. - 

CHI CHEN-JU, Government official ; 
born at Sui-hsien, Honan, 1884 ; director 
of the Provincial Library, Honan ; 
member of the Honan Provincial 
Government and concurrently acting 
Commissioner of Reconstruction ; now 
Commissioner of Education of Honan ; 
address: Honan Provincial Government, 
Kaifeng, Honan. 




K. Kee (Chi Chin) 
# it 

K. KEE, Government official; born 
in Wusih, Kiangsu in 1878 ; studied at 
Nanyang College, Shanghai, 1898-1901 ; 
went to Japan and studied political 
economy at Waseda University, 1901-05 ; 
he_ passed the examination of the 
Ministry of Education and received 
the degree of M.A. ; in 1907 he joined 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and rn 1908 
he was given the post of chancellor in 
the Ministry: after the establishment 
of the Republic, he was promoted to 
bureau chief in the Foreign Office; 
in 1913 he was appointed Consul at 
Chingishu, Korea, and in 1914 was 



transferred to Kobe and Osaka; in 1910 
he was promoted as the Consul-General 
in Blagovestchensk ; on his return to the 
Foreign Office in 1920 he was appointed 
assistant counciller ; assistant director 
of the Political Affairs department, 
1920-21; Chinese Delegate to Washing- 
ton Conference in 1921 ; served as the 
managing director in the Sino-Soviet 
Conference, 1924 ; participated in the 
Customs Conference, 1925 ; appointed 
director of the department of Political 
Affairs in the Foreign Office in 1926: 
appointed adviser to the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, 1927 ; secretary in the 
Ministry of Industry, Commerce and 
Labour in the Nationalist Government, 
1928 ; joined the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, again in 1928 and was appoin- 
ted director of the International Affairs 
Department ; last known address : 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Nanking. 




Chi Hsieh-yuan 

# £ x, * * 4 

CHI HSIEH-YUAN, retired army 
offcer ; born at Ningho, Chihli, 1879 ; 
after having passed the literary exa- 
mination for the degree of Hsiu Tsai, 
he enrolled in the Peiyang Military 
Academy and was graduated from the 
artillery department in 1906 ; later, he 
attended the Military College at Peiping 
and completed his studies there in one 
year ; superintendent of military affairs 
of Kiangsu, 1920 : deputy High Inspec- 
ting Commissioner of Kiangsu, Anhwei 
and Kiangsi with the brevet rank of 
full-general, 1920 ; Military Governor 
of Kiangsu with the rank of full- 
general, 1921-24 ; High Inspecting 
Commissioner of Kiangsu, Anhwei and 
Kiangsi with the rank of marshal, 
1923-25 ; Commander-in-Chief of the 
Chihli armies against Lu Yung-hsiang 
(then Military Governor of Chekiang) 
during the first Kiangsu-Chekiang War 
in 1924, but suffered defeat at the hands 
of the Fengtien Army under Chang 
Chung-chang and fled to Japan, 1924 ; 
was in retirement, 1924-29 ; joined the 
Northern Coalition against the National 
Government in Nanking and was made 
a commander in Yen Hsi-shan's Army, 
1930 ; he has since been living in 
retirement in Tientsin. 



CHI HUA, municipal official; born 
at Tientsin, Hopei, 1900 ; was graduated 
from the Peking Government University 
in law and political economy ; took post- 
graduate work at Columbia University, 
graduating with degree of Master of 
Political Economy ; did further research 
work in Columbia and in the National 




Chi Hua 

*l 4- $ 4* & 

Library in Washington ; obtained prac- 
tical training in the Owen Bank and 
also served as a departmental chief in 
the West American Trading Company; 
travelled in Europe, Africa, Asia Minor 
and South Sea Islands, studying political 
and economic conditions in some thirty 
countries ; returned to China in 1927 
and organised the Peiping Trading and 
Savings Corporation at Mukden with 
himself as associate director ; went to 
Germany in' the spring of 1929 to study 
business conditions in the interest of 
China's foreign trade ; returned to China 
in the summer of the same year and 
became a professor at the Peiyang 
University and other colleges at Tien- 
tsin ; later, he concurrently served as a 
secretary of the Public Works Bureau 
of Tientsin, president of the Inland 
Navigation Company and counsellor to 
the Mayor of Tientsin. 



Chi Shou-wen 

4- * ^ 

CHI SHOU-WEN, judicial official; 
born at Huayang, Hunan, 1892 ; was 
graduated from the Hupeh Law College 
at Wuchang and later from the Judicial 
Officers* Training Institute of the 
Ministry of Justice at Peking ; appointed 
judge of the High Court at Peking, 1924 ; 
now judge of the Supreme Court in Nan- 
king ; address : Supreme Court, Nanking. 




Chi Ta-peng 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



43 



CHI TA-PENG, Government official ; 
torn at Kang Ping, Liaoning, 1894 ; 
■was graduated from the political science 
department of the Chung Kuo Univer- 
sity, Peiping (of which Dr. C. T. Wang 
is the president) ; while a student, he 
was very active in the student move- 
ment ; entered government service in 
1922 and successively served as secretary 
to the Directorate-General for the 
Rehabilitation of Shantung ; special 
•deputy to take over the educational 
■administration of Tsingtao ; counsellor 
to the Cabinet ; representative at 
Mukden of the Directorate-General of 
Sino-Russian Diplomatic Affairs ; sec- 
tional chief in the Ministry of Finance 
and also in the Salt Administration ; 
counsellor to the Directorate General of 
the Sino-Russian Conference ; acting 
■director of the Suiyuan Conservancy 
Bureau ; sectional chief in the Ministry 
■of Foreign Affairs of the Nationalist 
Government at Nanking and concur- 
rently deputy chief of the department 
of general affairs of the same Ministry ; 
■chief of the Bureau for the Custody of 
Files and Archives of the former 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs at Peking, 
which position he held for many years ; 
he is active in public and social affairs 
in Peiping. 



Chi-Tseh-Je-Cheng-Hu-Tu-Keh-Tu 

CHI - TSEH - JE - CHENG - HU -TU 
KEH-TU, temporal ruler of Tibet; 
born in Tibet; Living Buddha of Outer 
Tibet; following the death of the late 
Dalai Lama, he was elected in 1934 
temporal ruler of Tibet pending the 
birth and discovery of a new Dalai 
Lama ; address : Tibetan Government, 
Lhassa, Tibet. 



Chi Yao-lin 

CHI YAO-LIN, retired Government 
official. 
(See Page 76, 4th edition). 



Chi Yao-shan 

# m m- $ % & 

CHI YAO-SHAN, Government offi- 
cial. 
(See Page 76, 4th Edition). 



CHIA SHIH-I, Government official; 
born in losing, Kiangsu in 1886 ; 
was graduated from political science 
department of Meiji University, Japan ; 
appointed chief of accounting depart- 
ment' of Ministry of Finance in 1913 ; 
appointed councillor to the Ministry in 
1914 ; acting chief of department of 
taxation, 1914 ; director of Bureau of 
National Debts, 1918 ; chief of general 
affairs department of Ministry of Finance, 
1920; superintendent of Chinkiang 
Customs and concurrently Commissioner 
of Foreign Affairs, 1920 ; attended the 
Washington Conference as expert mem- 
ber, 1921 ; returned to China in 1922 
and was reappointed superintendent of 
Chinkiang Customs and concurrently 
Commissioner for Foreign Affairs ; 
member of Kiangsu Provincial Govern- 
ment, 1927 ; chief of department of 
taxation of Ministry of Finance, 1927 
and concurrently chief of flour taxation 
office*; chief of department of taxation 
and concurrently member of national 
tariff commission of the Ministry of 
Finance, 1930-32 ; Commissioner of 
Finance of the Hupeh Provincial 
Government since 1933; author: "His- 
tory of Finance of Republican China" 




Chia Shih-yi 

t * it 4 * # 

(two volumes) ; "A Handbook of 
Washington Conference," "Tariff and 
National Sovereignty," and "National 
Debts and Economy" ; address : Depart- 
ment of Finance, Hupeh Provincial 
Government, Wuchang, Hupeh. 




Chla Kuel-Lino (Chla Wen-huan) 

* *#*** 

CHIA KUEI LING, customs super- 
intendent ; born at Tai Ku Hsien, Shansi, 
1895; B.A. (Politics), National Peking 
University ; secretary to the Bureau 
of Finance, Kwangtung Province; 
secretary to the Ministry of Industry ; 
assistant director of the Surtaxes 
Bureau, Wuhu ; inspector of the 
Surtaxes Bureau, Wuhu ; inspector of 
the Rolled Tobacco Department of the 
Ministry of Finance; auditor of the 
Rolled Tobacco Department of the 
Ministry of Finance; superintendent 
of the Chinkiang Customs ; now, 
superintendent of the Nanking Customs ; 
address : Customs Office, Nanking. 



GEN. CHIANG KAI-SHEK, (Chung- 
cheng), formerly Chairman of the 
National Government, now President of 
the National Military Affairs Com- 
mission and President of the Executive 
Yuan, is a native of a village of 
Feng-hwa in Chekiang Province, where 
he was born in 1888. Gen. Chiang's 
forbears for many generations con- 
trolled the salt monopoly *"• that 




Gen. Chiang Kai-shek (Chiang Chieh Shih) 

district. When he was eight years of 
age, his father Chiang Soh-an died. 
In 1906 he, in company with about 
forty other Chekiang youths, was 
sent to the Paoting Military Academy 
in Chihli province, where he made a 
good record as a student of infantry 
tactics* In 1907, when he was nineteen 
years of age, he went to Japan for a 
course in military science at the Tokyo 
Military Academy. He remained in 
Japan for four years. 

When the First Revolution broke out 
in 1911, Chiang returned to China and 
was appointed a commander in the 83rd 
brigade at Shanghai, some of which 
according to report, had been hurriedly 
recruited for military revolutionary 
purposes. This force participated in 
the capture of Shanghai from the 
Manchu Imperial forces. Although 
only a youth, Chiang's ability as a 
military leader was recognized on that 
occasion. In the Second Revolution in 
1913, he joined Dr. Sun Yat-sen and 
is said to have contributed considerably 
to Dr. Sun's military fund. In 1920 he 
gave up military activities and became 
an exchange broker in Shanghai for 
a few months but in 1923 he went to 
Canton and was appointed principal of 
the Whampoa Cadets School where he 
won his first outstanding military 
distinction in connection with the 
suppression of the revolt of the Canton 
Volunteers, a force which had been 
raised by Cantonese merchants, but 
which had been instigated to revolt by 
Chen Chiung-ming, an enemy of Dr. Sun. 
He next commanded a force against 
Chen Chiung-ming, the reactionary 
Kuomintang leader. Late in 1924 and 
early in 1925 he commanded several 
successful expeditions along the East 
River. Following this he again won 
laurels by helping to defeat Kwangsi 
and Yunnanese forces formerly under 
Dr.. Sun Yat-sen, but which had rebelled 
against their leader. On Oct. 14, 1925 
he stormed and captured the supposedly 
impregnable post at Weichow, following 
which he cleaned up the Swatow and 
Chaochow districts of rebel forces. 
Later he returned to Canton and drove 
out of the city the opposition troops. In 
1924, upon the instructions of Dr. Sun 
Yat-sen, Gen. Chiang went to Moscow 
and spent several months making a 
detailed study of the Soviet military 
organization, following which he re- 
turned to China and resumed his 
position in the Revolutionary Army. 

Gen. Chiang, from the beginning, has 
been an ardent supporter of Dr. Sun's 
"Three Principles of the People," but 
he did not become nationally known 



44 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



until he assumed command of military 
affairs at Canton and restored order in 
that harassed city. In July, 1926 he 
was appointed to the command of the 
Northern Expedition to the Yangtsze 
Valley, an expedition which was em- 
inently successful in advancing through 
Hunan Province and ultimately captur- 
ing Hankow which city was controlled 
by Gen. Wu Pei-fu, outstanding military 
commander of the Northern military 
forces. Gen. Chiang's political genius 
was displayed in this campaign through 
his utilization of the power of political 
propaganda in addition to military 
force, the skillful use of propaganda 
winning the ' masses of people to the 
support of the Nationalist Revolution 
and undermining the power of the old 
style militarists who had ruled this 
section of China on the basis of 
feudalistic control of territory. 

Following the occupation of the 
Wu-Han district where the Nationalist 
Government of China was first establi- 
shed, Gen. Chiang directed his attention 
to the Lower Yangtsze district which 
was held by another Northern militarist. 
Sun Chuan-fang. Sun's forces were 
first defeated in Kiangsi and Fukien 
and ultimately driven out of Chekiang. 
In March, 1927 Sun's forces and his 
Fengtien allies were defeated and 
Shanghai was occupied. Shortly after- 
wards, when Nanking was occupied, 
local riff-raff, instigated by Communists 
then active in the Nationalist Govern- 
ment, were responsible for the so-called 
Nanking Incident, consisting of an 
attack on foreign consular officials and 
missionaries. Gen. Chiang immediately 
disavowed the action of the Communists 
and assumed complete charge of affairs, 
declaring that the National Government 
intended to deal fairly and sincerely 
with the Powers in the event the 
Powers did not oppose the Nationalist 
Movement. 

Gen. Chiang then came to the con- 
clusion that the Nationalist Movement 
must divorce itself from the Com- 
munists, then led by Michael Borodin 
and other Soviet Russian advisers who 
had been brought into the movement 
at Canton. Borodin and his associates 
were denounced and steps taken for 
the establishment of a separate Govern- 
ment at Nanking. In the summer of 
1927 Gen. Chiang retired for a period, 
but declared that he intended to devote 
his interests to the Kuomintang and 
the principles of Dr. Sun. Later he 
returned from Japan and was again 
called to the direction of affairs at 
Nanking. 

Shortly following this, he reorganized 
the Northern expedition. Feng Yu- 
hsiang, who had joined the Nationalist 
Movement, met Gen. Chiang at 
Hsuchowfu and there was drafted the 
proclamation against the Communistic 
administration at Hankow resulting 
ultimately in the collapse of the 
Hankow regime and the strengthening 
of the Nationalist Government at 
Nanking. Gen. Chiang assumed active 
direction of the Nationalist military 
drive on Peiping in 1928 resulting in 
the evacuation of Hopei (Chihli) Pro- 
vince by the Fengtien troops. It was 
largely to Gen. Chiang's actions that 
serious complications with Japan were 
avoided over the Tsinan Incident, 
caused by a clash between Nationalist 
troops and the Japanese forces sta- 
tioned in that city. 

In October, 1928, Gen. Chiang was 
elected to the Chairmanship of the 
National Government at Nanking and 
in this capacity, held also the post of 
Commander-in-Chief of the Army, Navy 
and Air-Force of China. Between the 
years of 1928 and 1931, he held con- 



currently at certain periods the posts 
of President .of Executive Yuan and 
Minister of Education. 

In 1929 and 1980 he resumed active 
command of the Government troops in 
the suppression of the rebellions of the 
Kwangsi troops and the so-called 
Northern Military Coalition headed by 
Yen Hsi-shan and Feng Yu-hsiang and 
assisted by the Left Wing leader of 
the Kuomintang, Wang Ching-wei. 

Owing to the opposition of Canton 
leaders, Gen. Chiang resigned all his 
posts in the Government, December, 
1981 in order to pave the way for 
reconciliation between Canton and 
Nanking. He retired to his native 
place, Fenghwa and declined all offers 
to rejoin the Government. At a 
meeting of the Central Executive Com- 
mittee of Kuomintang, he was elected 
one of the three members of the 
Standing Committee of the C. E. C. 
(the other two being Hu Han-min and 
Wang Ching-wei), but refused to 
assume the post. Upon the earnest 
solicitation of Wang Ching-wei and Sun 
Fo, then President of the Executive 
Yuan, he finally returned to Nanking. 
When the Shanghai War Japanese 
intervention broke out on the night of 
January 28, 1932, through he was in 
the Capital, he was out of office and 
without authority to issue orders to 
Government troops. At the beginning 
of the War, he had repeatedly offered 
to place his military experience in a 
private capacity at the' disposal of the 
country, but the offer was rejected and 
Gen. Chiang was reminded that he was 
merely one of the members of the 
Military Affairs Commission. It was 
only after the War had assumed grave 
proportions that he was appointed by 
the Government as President of the 
Military Affairs Commission which post 
he finally consented to accept in order 
to deal with the crisis, a post which he 
has since retained. In addition to this 
post, he now holds concurrently the 
posts as Chief of the General Staff, Chair- 
man of the National Economic Council, 
member of the C. E. C. of the 
Kuomintang, of the Central Political 
Council, of the State Council, and Pre- 
sident of the Executive Yuan. 

In December, 1927 Gen. Chiang was 
married to Miss Mei-ling Soong, 
younger sister of Madame H. H. Kung, 
T. V. Soong and Madame Sun Yat-sen. 
Gen. Chiang's address is care of the 
Military Affairs Commission, National 
Government, Nanking. 




Madame Chiang Kai-shek (Soong Mei-ling) 

MADAME CHIANG KAI-SHEK, 
(Soong Mei-ling); born at Shanghai ; 
daughter of the late Mr. and Mrs. C. J. 



Soong, her father being a native of 
Kwangtung and her mother a native 
of Kiangsu ; went to the United States 
at an early age, where she attended a 
private school at Summit, N.J., and 
later studied under private tutors at 
Macon, Ga., in preparation for Wel- 
lesley College, where she graduated with 
honors receiving the Wellesley and 
Durant scholarships, first time such 
awarded to student from Orient ; upon 
return to China, she devoted herself to 
study of classics and social service work ; 
first Chinese woman appointed member 
of Child Labor Commission to investigate 
labor conditions in industries located 
within foreign settlements and conces- 
sions ; married to Gen. Chiang Kai-shek, 
1927 ; inaugurated movement for est- 
ablishment of Moral Endeavor Associa- 
tion ; established schools in Nanking for 
children of revolutionary heroes, where 
500 boys and 300 girls taught to be self- 
supporting and where spirit of service 
for fellow countrymen inculcated ; served 
as member of Legislative Yuan ; encour- 
aged formation of clubs among Chinese 
women in various parts of the country ; 
Director-general of women's department 
of New Life Movement ; constant com- 
panion of her husband on military 
campaigns throughout country including 
forntier regions and interior areas ; 
writer of numerous articles for Chinese 
and English-language publications in 
Far East and abroad ; address : care 
Generalissimo's Headquarters, Central 
Military Academy, Nanking. 




Chiang Chien-jen 

& Sfr & 

CHIANG CHIEN-JEN, military offi- 
cer ; born at Fenghwa, Chekiang ; 
received his early education at his 
home town ; attended the Whampoa 
Military Cadets' Academy, Canton, 
1295 ; when the Northern Punitive 
Expendition started in 1926, he assisted 
Gen. Chiang Kai-shek at the front 
and developed into a skillful officer ; 
appointed chief secretary and also 
member of the supervisory committee 
of the party affairs department of the 
Nationalist Army Headquarters at 
Nanking, 1927 ; chief of the political 
training department of the 26th 
Nationalist Army, Aug. 1927 ; fought 
in Shantung and participated in the 
campaign that resulted in the defeat 
and elimination of Chang Chung-chang, 
1928 ; chief of the political training 
department of the 6th division of the 
Nationalist Army and concurrently 
member of the project committee of 
the centra] political training depart- 
ment, 1929-30. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



45 




H. P. Kiang (Chiang Hua-pen) 

H. P. KIANG, diplomatic official; 
born at Yo-cheng, Hupei, April 1881 ; 
studied at Tzu-Chiang Fang-yen School ; 
Tung-Wen Shu- Yuan ; Second High 
School, Sendai, Japan"; graduate in 
economics, Law College, Tokyo Imperial 
University ; chief, 2nd section, Admini- 
strative Department, Ministry of For- 
eign Affairs of National Government ; 
assistant director of the same' Depart- 
ment ; Chief, 2nd Section, Asiatic 
Affairs Department and later acting 
Director of the Department ; first 
councilor, Chinese Legation, Japan ; 
recreation : study of literature ; address ; 
Chinese Embassy, Tokyo, Japan. 




Chiang Hung-geh (Chiang Hung-chih) 

CHIANG HUNG-GEH, diplomatic 
official ; born in Anhwei Province in 
1876 ; graduate of Meiji University in 
Tokyo, Bachelor of Law ; Professor of 
Law in the Provincial College of Law 
of Shantung in 1897 ; was appointed 
a district magistrate in the same 
province in 1899 ; secretary in the 
Ministry of Interior in 1895 ; entered 
diplomatic service in 1907 as Vice- 
Counsul at Yokohama, Japan ; private 
secretary to the Minister of Foreign 
Affairs in 1912; First Secretary of the 
Chinese Legation in Tokyo in 1915 ; 
Charge d' Affaires in 1921, 1922, 1925, 
1930 and 1931 ; promoted Councillor of 
the Legation in 1931, which post he 
still holds ; address : Chinese Embassy, 
Tokyo, Japan. 




Kiang Kang-hu (Chiang Kang-hu) 
&- 1L it 

KIANG KANG-HU, university pro- 
fessor and lecturer; born at Shang-ho, 
Kiangsi, 1883 ; after having completed 
his studies in Chinese literature at 
home, he pursued his modern education 
first in Japan, then in Belgium and 
later in America ; upon his return to 
China, he was appointed director of 
the Peiyang translation and compilation 
bureau ; senior secretary to the board 
of justice ; professor of the Peiping 
Imperial University ; after the establish- 
ment of the Republic, he organized 
and was chosen leader of the Socialist 
Party in China; owing to his political 
activities against Yuan Shih-kai, he 
was proscribed and was forced to take 
refuge in America, 1915 : while in 
America; he lectured in the University 
of California which conferred upon him 
the honorary degree of Ph.D. and for 
a time was in charge of oriental 
collections of the Congressional Library, 
Washington, D.C. ; travelled to Russia 
studying Russian conditions, 1921 ; after 
his return to China, he organised the 
Southern University at Shanghai with 
himself as president, 1922 ; re-organised 
the Socialist Party of China and was 
again chosen leader of the same, 1924 ; 
owing to his alleged monarchical con- 
nections with the "Boy Emperor" (Pu 
Yi), he resigned the presidency of the 
Southern University in 1926 and lived 
in America for several years, engaged 
in educational work ; chairman of 
department of Chinese studies in McGill 
University, Canada 1930 ; he returned 
to China in 1934 and is now a lecturer 
in Shanghai on Chinese civilization ; 
he is a well-known writer and author 
of the following books : "Text Books 
on Chinese Literature," "Collections of 
Lectures on World History," "Hung 
Shui Chi or the Flood," "Chinese Social 
Revelation," "Collections of Lectures 
on Chinese Classics," "Travels in New 
Russia," "On Poems of Tang Dynasty," 
"Collections of Addresses and Speeches" ; 
address : c/o Chinese Y.M.C.A., Shang- 
hai. 



GEN. CHIANG KUANG-NAI, retired 
army commander; born at Tung- Wan, 
Kwangtung, 1887 ; graduate of Paoting 
Military College ; Commander of 2nd 
Regiment of First Brigade of the 
Kwangtung Provincial Army; vice- 
Commander of 10th Division of the 
4th Nationalist Army and concurrently 
a Regimental Commander of the Divi- 
sion ; Commander of the 10th Division ; 
Vice-Commander of the 11th Army 
(then Commander: General Chen Ming- 




Gen. Chiang Kuang-nal 

& * ft % m # 

shu) and concurrently Commander of 
the 24th Division ; Commander of the 
61st Division ; promoted Commander-in- 
Chief of the 19th Route Army, in which 
capacity he commanded the Defence 
Force in Shanghai against the Japanese 
Invasion in the spring, 1932 and rose 
fo fame as national hero together with 
the Field-Commander of the Army, 
Gen. Tsai Ting-kai ; when the Army 
was transferred to Fukien for the 
suppression of Communists, he was 
promoted Pacification Commissioner 
of Fukien ; Chairman of the Fukien 
Provincial Government and concurrently 
Commissioner of Civil Affairs ; when 
the Fukien Independence Movement 
broke out, he was an important 
member of the "People's Government" 
at Foochow ; after the collapse of the 
movement he retired to his native city, 
where he is now residing. 




Tsiang Lu Foo (Chiang Lu-fu) 

M- & *% 
TSIANG LU-FOO, Government 
official ; born at Soochow, Kiangsu in 
1883; studied at Shanghai Technical 
School, Shanghai, after which he 
travelled in Japan, Europe and 
America studying political questions 
with a mission headed by Prince Tsai 
Tsuh and Tuan Fang on arrival in 
Belgium, he was appointed attache to 
the Chinese Legation in Brussels and 
entered the University of Brussels and 
received his degree in social and finan- 
cial sciences in 1909 ; returned to China 



46 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



in 1909 and joined the French affairs 
department of the Waichiaopu (Mini- 
stry of Foreign Affairs) ; he also taught 
in the school attached to the Ministry 
of Communications (posts, telegraphs 
and railways), 1909-12; he was elected 
chief of the accounting department in 
1912 ; during the 21 years he has been 
in the Waichaopu he has held many 
positions ; he was for many years a 
member of the Chinese delegation 
attached to Tsing Hua College and 
for eight years had charge of funds of 
the college; during this time the funds 
mounted from three to eight million 
dollars ; this was due greatly to Mr. 
Tsiang's personal friendship with Mr. 
MacMurray, U.S. Minister to China ; 
he was raised to the rank of Minister 
Plenipotentiary in 1924 ; he was at 
Nanking as secretary to the Waichao- 
pu and councillor in financial bureau, 
1927-30; on February 14, 1930 he was 
appointed Charge d' Affairs at Rome ; 
appointed in March, 1934, Director 
of the Loan Department, Ministry of 
Finance, which post he now holds ; he 
has received the following decorations ; 
Grand Cordon and Radiant Brilliance 
of Gold Crop, second class, Chevalier 
of the Order of Leopold of Belgium, 
and ufficiale del Suo Ordine della Corona 
d'ltalia ; address : Loan Department, 
Ministry of Finance, Nanking. 




Monlin Chiang (Chiang Meng-lin) 

n £ m $ a % 

MONLIN CHIANG, university pre- 
sident; born at Yu-yao, Chekiang in 
1884 ; studied at Chekiang Provincial 
College, Hangchow, and Nanyang Col- 
lege, Shanghai ; went to America and 
studied at the University of California, 
1908-12, receiving LL.B. degree; chief 
editor of the Chinese Free Press, the 
revolutionary organ of Dr. Sun Yat-sen 
in San Francisco, 1909-12 ; entered 
Columbia University in 1912 to study 
education and philosophy and received 
his M.A. degree in 1917 and Ph.D. 
degree in 1917 ; returned to China in 
191 7 ; founded the New Education 
1918-20; joined the department of 
philosophy, National University of 
Peiping, 1919 ; assisted in the re- 
organization of the Administration of 
the University, 1919-20 ; he became 
dean of the department of philosophy 
of the University in 1921 ; was acting 
Chancellor of the University in 1921 ; 
attended the Washington Conference as 
the Chinese people's delegate elected 
by the National Association of the 
Chambers of Commerce and National 
federation of Educational Associations ; 
travelled in Europe after the Con- 
ference; acting Chancellor of National 
University of Peking in 1923; a 



member and chief secretary of the 
Central Political Council of the 
Kuomintang Party for Chekiang, 1926 ; 
Chancellor of the National University of 
Chekiang, 1927 ; appointed Minister of 
Education of the National Government 
in 1928, which position he resigned in 
Dec. 1980 to become president of the 
National University of Peking ; author 
of "A Study in Chinese Principles of 
Education," "Transitional Periods . in 
Thought and Education" ; address : Na- 
tional University of Peking, Peiping. 




Paul H. C. Ciong (Chiang Pei-hua) 

A *# 

PAUL H. C. CIONG, businessman; 
born at Hei An, Fukien in 1872 ; during 
his forty years of active business life 
he has held numerous positions ; among 
them are: manager, Fukien Industrial 
Association ; president, Foochow 

Y.M.C.A. for seven periods ; manager, 
Fukien Red Cross Society; adviser to 
the 14th Brigade of the National Army ; 
member executive committee, National 
Committee Y.M.C.A. of China ; adviser. 
Bureau of Industry of Central Govern- 
ment; president, Singapore Chung Hua 
School kindergarten ; vice-president, 
Chinese Association in South and East 
Indies ; general manager, Venus Life 
Insurance Co., Yong Cheng Fire 
Insurance Co. and New York Insurance 
Co., board member, Fukien Salt Guild ; 
member, Shanghai General Chamber of 
Commerce; at present he is general 
secretary of the Foochow Y.M.C.A. and 
principal of the Y.M.C.A. Middle School, 
Foochow; address: Y.M.C.A., Foochow. 



S. T. KONG, engineer and business 
man; born at Paoan Hsien, Kwang- 
tung in 1880; attended Peiyang 
University, Tientsin, 1895-1900; at- 
tended the University of California 
from which be received his B.Sc. 
degree in 1905: attended Columbia 
University. New York, 1905-07 
receiving his M.A. degree; upon his 
return to China he took the 
Imperial Examinations and received 
his doctor's degree in engineering ; 
mining and metallurgical engineer in 
the Hunan Provincial Government, 
1907-09 ; chief engineer for the lead and 
silver smelting works of the Hunan 
Government, 1909-12 ; chief engineer for 
the Canton Government analytical 
laboratory and chemical department, 
1912-18 ; chief engineer of the Tsang 
Shing Mau-Fung-Shan Gold Mining 
and Milling Company, 1913-15 ; chief 
engineer for the Hupeh Government 
antimony smelting works, 1915-18 ; 




S. T. Kong (Chiang Shun-teh) 

t* m * f x ft 

founded and became manager of the 
Bright Star Company (manufacturers 
of zinc oxide, colors, paints) at 
Changsha, Hunan, which company he 
still operates ; manager of the Hankow 
office of the National Commercial and 
Savings Bank of Hongkong 1924-29 ; 
chairman of the board of the Wu-Han 
Y.M.C.A. since 1920; address: Bright 
Star Company (head office) Hankow, 
Hupeh. 




Chiang Tlen-to 

5i *.^ 

CHIANG TIEN-TO, retired Govern- 
ment official; born at Hua-hsien, 
Kwangtung. 1879 ; studied political 
science and law at the Waseda 
University, Japan, graduating in 1907 ; 
after returning to China he became 
involved in revolutionary activities and 
was forced to go to Japan, where he 
took a post-graduate course at Waseda 
University; returned to China in 1910 
and became a legal practitioner at 
Peking after the First Revolution ; 
elected member of the Parliament, 
1913 ; Minister of Agriculture and 
Commerce 1920 ; resumed his seat in 
the Parliament, 1920 ; re-appointed 
vice-Minister of Agriculture and Com- 
merce, 1920-22; Director-General of the 
National Currency Bureau, and concur- 
rently vice-Pressident of the Yangtsze 
River Commission. 1932-24 ; no further 
information has been received since 
1924. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



47 



T. F. Tsiang (Chiang Tlng-fu) 

# Jfc*. 
T. F. TSIANG, Government official 
and author ; born at Paoching, Hunan, 
1895 ; was graduated from Oberlin 
College with B.A. degree and Columbia 
University with Ph.D. degree ; professor 
of History at Nankai University, 
Tientsin. 1923-29 ; now professor and 
head of the Department of History of 
Tsinghua University, Peiping ; visited 
Russia and Europe in 1934 to study 
Sino - Russian relations ; managing 
editor of the Chinese Social and 
Political Science Review. Peiping ; 
contributing editor of the well-known 
weekly The Independent Critic, edited 
by Dr. Hu Shih ; author of "Select 
Documents in Chinese Diplomacy" and 
several books on Sino-foreign relations ; 
appointed Director of the Administra- 
tive Department of the Executive Yuan, 
Dec. 1935 ; address : Executive Yuan, 
Nanking. 




Chiang Ting-wen 
ft * * £ * X 

GEN. CHIANG TING-WEN, Army 
Commander ; born at Panshan, Chuchi 
district in Chekiang, 1894 ; received his 
early education at home ; after the 
Revolution of 1911, he joined the 
Hangchow Military School from which 
he was graduated ; during the campaign 
against Yuan Shih-kai in 1914, he was 
a battalion commander of Hangchow 
Defence Force and in this capacity, led 
the troops under his command to attack 
the Headquarters of the then Military 
Governor of Chekiang, resulting in the 
expulsion of Governor Chu Shui from 
the province ; when Gen. Yang Chang-teh 
became Military Governor of Chekiang, 
he left the province for Kwangtung 
and joined the Whampoa Military 
Academy as an instructor ; soon after 
when the Training Corps of the Acad- 
amy wafe organized, he joined the Corps 
on active service and participated in 
the campaign against the late General 
Chen Chiung-min who then rebelled 
against Dr. Sun Yat-sen ; he fought at 
the seige of Weichow, during which he 
was seriously injured ; after the suppres- 
sion of the Chen revolt, he campaigned 
against two other recalcitrant generals 
in Kwangtung and routed a large rebel 
force with only one battalion ; as a 
result of this distinguished service, he 
was specially commended by General 
Chiang Kai-shek, then President of the 
Wampao Military College; when 
the Nationalist Revolutionary Army 
launched its Northern Punitive 
Expedition in 1926, he was appointed 
Commander of the 5th Regiment 



of the First Nationalist Army and 
participated in many pitched battles in 
Hunan during the Nationalist advance 
into the Yangtsze Provinces ; appointed 
Garrison Commander of Eastern 
Chekiang in 1927 and soon promoted 
Commander of the 1st Nationalist 
Division ; in the latter capacity he 
fought in northern Anhwei and 
captured Pengpu and Hsuchow from 
the Northern militarists ; in recognition 
of this service, he was promoted 
Vice-Commander of the 1st Nationalist 
Army and concurrently Commander of 
the 1st Division ; at that time Chang 
Tsung-chang was still holding out in 
Shantung and he was ordered to 
continue the campaign against him, 
in the course of which he succeeded 
in capturing many important cities ; 
during the Yen-Feng War with the 
National Government in 1930, he was 
Commander of the 2nd Nationalist 
Army and concurrently Commander of 
the 9th Division and fought against the 
Yen-Feng Forces along the Peiping- 
Hankow Railway up to Loyang and 
Tungkwan ; after conclusion of the 
campaign, he was appointed Garrison 
Commander of the Lunghai Railway ; 
Commander-in-Chief of the Fourth 
Group Army of the Government 
Bandit-suppression Forces to suppress 
the Communists in Kiangsi ; during the 
Sino-Japanese Hostilities in Shanghai 
in 1932, he was appointed Commander- 
in-Chief of the Left Wing Army 
stationed along the Shanghai-Hangchow 
Line ; after the signing of the Armistice 
on May 5, 1932, his army was 
transferred to Pengpu and he resumed 
his former post as Commander of the 
2nd Nationalist Army and concurrently 
Garrison Commander of Pengpu ; soon 
after his duties at Pengpu were taken 
over by General Hsu Ting-yao, Com- 
mander of the 17th Nationalist Army, 
and he was appointed Director of the 
Water Constabulary Bureau of the 
Yangtsze Provinces with Headquarters 
at Wuchang and concurrently Director 
of the Recruits Training Office; in 
Autumn of 1932, he was appointed 
Field-Commander of the Northern 
Route Bandit-suppression Forces and 
acting Commander-in-Chief, in which 
capacity, he led his Armies into 
Kiangsi and fought against the Com- 
munists, winning many victories ; when 
the Fukien Rebellion flared up early 
in 1934, he was ordered to launch an 
expedition against the rebels and shortly 
after the start of the expedition, his 
Army captured in rapid succession 
Yenping and Foochow, seat of the 
rebel Government ; after the suppression 
of the revolt, he was promoted Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the Eastern Route 
Bandit-suppression Forces to campaign 
against the Communists, which post he 
held until the . winter of 1934 ; following 
the abolition of the Headquarters of 
the Eastern Route Bandit-suppression 
Forces by the National Government, 
he was appointed Pacification Com- 
missioner of Fukien, which post he 
now retains ; address : Headquarters of 
the Pacification Commissioner of Fukien, 
Changchow, Fukien. 



CHIANG TSENG- YI, retired Gov- 
ernment official ; born at Haining, 
Chekiang, 1877; passed the imperial 
examinations witn the degree of 
Chinshih, 1904; under the Manchu 
regime, he served in various capacities ; 
after establishment of the Republic, 
he was appointed councillor of the 
Ministry of Communications, 1917-18; 




Chiang Tseng-yi 

ft 4# $ *& 

director of the department of the 
telegraphs and telephone establishment, 
1919; assisted in the organization of 
the Communications University, 1920 ; 
Director-General of the Telegraph 
Administration, 1924-28. 




Chiang Tso-ping 

& ft t ? * * Ml 

CHIANG TSO-PING, Minister of 
the Interior ; born at Yincheng, Hupeh, 
1883; after having received a pre- 
liminary education in his native Province 
he went to Japan and entered the 
Military Officers Academy in 1907, 
taking the course of infantry; upon 
his return to China he was appointed 
professor in the Military College at 
Paotingfu and while there translated 
into Chinese several Japanese books 
on military tactics ; while in Japan 
he made acquaintance of Dr. Sun 
Yat-sen and became a member of the 
Tung-meng-hui, the secret society of 
the revolutionaries ; he took a pro- 
minent part in the 1911 Revolution 
when the monarchy was overthrown 
and when the Republican Government 
was proclaimed in Nanking on Jan. 
1, 1912 he was made a General and 
appointed the vice-Minister of War 
by Dr. Sun; he held this post until 
1916 when he was appointed vice- 
Chief of the General Staff; owing to 
his opposition to the monarchial 
restoration and the subsequent regime 
he resigned in July, 1917, and has 
since identified himself with the re- 
volutionary movement ; led a successful 



48 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



revolt in his native province in 1921 
against Wang Chan-yuan, then High 
Inspecting Commissioner for Hupeh 
and Hunan; later he went to Canton 
and was appointed by Dr. Sun as 
Chief Staff Officer in charge of 
preparations of the northern punitive 
expedition ; during the Nationalist 
Revolution he was a member of the 
Government Council and subsequently 
the Chairman of the Provincial 
Government of Anhui; in 1928 he was 
appointed chairman of the Political 
Commission for War Zone Provinces 
until the Nationalist armies captured 
Peiping ; after the unification of the 
country he resigned all his military 
and political posts and was appointed 
Minister to Germany and Austria and 
delegate to the disarmament com- 
mission of the League of Nations 
the 10th and the 11th 
of the Assembly of the 
upon his return to China, 
he was elected a member of the 
Central Supervisory Committee and 
Chairman of the Diplomatic Affairs 
Committee; appointed Minister to 
Japan in August, 1931, which post 
he held until summer of 1935, when 
he was promoted the first Chinese 
Ambassador to that country ; appointed 
Minister of Interior, Dec. 1935 ; address : 
Ministry of Interior, Nanking. 



and at 
sessions 
League 



Chiang Yen-hang 
H M ft % f & 

CHIANG YEN-HANG, army officer. 
(See Page 84, 4th Edition). 



1923; president of the Peking Law 
College, Peking, 1921-26; since then 
he has been practising law first in 
Peiping and now in Shanghai ; address : 
Chiang Yung Law Office, 96 Peking 
Road, Shanghai. 




Chien Chang-chao 

n. % ml 

CHIEN CHANG-CHAO, vice-Minister 
of Education ; born at Changshu, 
Kiangsu, 1901 ; educated at Oxford and 
London Universities, England ; secretary, 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs ; secretary 
of the National Government ; Vice- 
Minister of Education, since 1931 ; 
address : Ministry of Education, 
Nanking. 




Chiang Yung 
*X $ % 

CHIANG YUNG, lawyer and retired 
Government official ; born at Changting, 
Fukien, 1877 ; was graduated from the 
Waseda University specialising in law 
and economics, 1907 ; after his return to 
China, he joined the board of education 
and later became dean of a law college, 
Peking : passed the imperial examina- 
tions and was given the degree of 
Chinshih, 1910 ; deputy representative 
of the Ching House to the internal 
peace conference at Shanghai during 
the 1911 Revolution ; appointed 
president of the Government Law 
College at Peking 1912 ; chief justice 
of the Metropolitan High Court 1912 ; 
vice-president of the Law Codification 
Commission, 1913 ; acting Minister of 
Justice, 1916 ; vice-Minister of Justice, 
1917-18 ; president of the law codifica- 
tion bureau, 1920-28 ; founder and chief 
editor of the haw Review at Peking 



it. £ 



Chien Chung-kai 

£ $ A ft 



CHIEN CHUNG-KAI, retired Gov- 
ernment official ; born at Ching-hsien, 
Chihli, 1881 ; attended the Tientsin 
Naval College and later was graduated 
from the Peiyang University ; joined 
the 1911 Revolution and assisted the 
revolutionists in the overthrow of the 
Manchu House ; member of the Lower 
House of the 1st Parliament represent- 
ing Chihli, 1913 ; joined the Southern 
Government at Canton as a member 
of the Extraordinary Parliament 1917 ; 
director of the government salt bureau 
of the Peking Government, 1922 ; 
chairman of the budget committee of 
the Lower House of the Parliament 
upon its reconvocation. 1922-23 ; _ no 
further information has been received 
since 1923. 




Chien Chung-tse 

4 $ if £ £ £ 

CHIEN CHUNG-TZE, railway direc- 
tor ; born at Hangchow, Chekiang, in 
1891 ; graduate from Paoting Military 
College and later from Peking Military 
University ; joined the army after 
graduation and became captain and 
regiment commander ; Vice-Director of 
the National Railway Police Bureau 
of the Ministry of Communications ; 
Police Commissioner of Hsuchow 
(Kiangsu) - % Provincial Police 

Commissioner of Chekiang and Police 
Commissioner of Hangchow ; Chief 
Director of the Military Train 
Administration Bureau of the General- 
issimo's Headquarters of the Nation- 
alist Army ; Vice - Director of the 
Tientsin-Pukow Railway Administration ; 
High Staff Officer of the Generalissimo's 
Headquarters ; Chief of the Staff 
Officers' Bureau of the Generalissimo's 
Field Headquarters at Wuchang, Han- 
kow, Kalfeng, and Canton ; Director 
of the disbanding bureau of the 1st 
disbanding district, Chief of the 2nd 
Bureau of the Board of General Staff, 
Commander of the Army transportation 
on Lung-hai and Tsin-pu Railways; 
Commander of the Army transportation 
on Lung-hai, Ping-han, Tsin-pu, and 
Tao-ching Railways ; Vice-Minister of 
Railways and concurrently Director of 
the Lung-hai Railway Administration ; 
address : Lung-hai Railway Administra- 
tion, Chengchow, Honan. 




Chien Pao-ho 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



49 



CHIEN PAO-HO, lawyer and editor; 
born at Wusih, Kiangsu, 1884 ; after 
having completed his Chinese classical 
education at home, he attended 
Soochow University and was graduated 
with B. A. degree in 1913 ; following 
his graduation, he was engaged as 
instructor of English at the Anting 
Middle School and Tsung Wen Middle 
School in Hangchow, 1918-14 ; came 
to Shanghai in 1915 and was appointed 
editor of the Progress magazine (later 
changed Association Progress), publi- 
shed by the National Committee of 
Y.M.C.A., which position he held until 
1919 ; joined the Bank of China at 
Hongkong, 1919-21 ; appointed proctor 
of the Soochow University, 1922 and 
resigned the position after two years 
of service ; entered the Comparative 
Law School of China, Shanghai, in 
1924, and was graduated with LL.B. 
degree in 1927 ; since his graduation, he 
has been practising law in Shanghai ; 
member of the Chinese Bar Association 
of Shanghai, and one of the editors of 
the Chinese translation of the Webster 
Dictionary published by the Commercial 
Press, Shanghai ; address : No. 17, 
Passage 718, Yu Yuen Road, Shanghai. 




Chlen Pei-yu 

A >? * ^ 4t> m 

PEI-YU CHIEN, journalist; born 
at Kiangyin, Kiangsu in 1896 ; after 
completing his elementary education, he 
entered Tsing-hua College and after the 
1911 Revolution transferred to Peking 
University of the Methodist Mission ; 
Customs College, Peking, 1914-18, from 
which he was graduated ; joined the 
Chinese Maritime Customs and at the 
same time served as one of the editors 
of the Yih Shih Pao in Tientsin, 1918- 
21 ; appointed by the Yih Shih Pao as 
its representative to the Second Press 
Congress of the World at Honolulu in 
1921 and after that went to Washing- 
ton. D.C. to cover the Disarmament 
Conference ; following the conference 
he entered the School of Journalism of 
the University of Missouri and was 
graduated with the degree of B.J. in 
1923 ; on his return to China in 1923 
he was connected with a number of 
newspapers in Peking and Tientsin and 
was a contributing editor to the China 
Weekly Review, Shanghai ; joined the 
North China Star in 1924 and after six 
months resigned to enter the Govern- 
ment service ; secretary to the Chinese 
chief inspector of the Salt Revenue 
Administration, Ministry of Finance, 
1924-26 ; joined the Shun Pao, Shanghai 
as English secretary in 1927, which 
position he held until summer of 1936, 
when he was appointed assistant press 



officer of the Shanghai Municipal 
Council ; taught advertising at Kuang 
Hua University in 1924 ; address : Press 
Information Section, Shanghai Muni- 
cipal Council, Shanghai. 




Chien Ta-chun 

3. A Pi $ & r 

CHIEN TA-CHUN, army officer, 
born at Soochow, Kiangsu, 1892 ; after 
having completed his Chinese education, 
he entered the Kiangsu Provincial 
Military School at Nanking ; during 
the 1911 Revolution, he participated 
in the' capture of Nanking ; assisted 
Niu -Yung-chien (now vice-President 
of the Examination Yuan) in the 2nd 
Revohmon, but fled to Japan after 
its failure, 1913 ; attended the Paoting 
Military College and was graduated 
in 1914, after which, he went to Japan 
and completed his studies in the 
Military Cadets' Academy in Tokyo, 
1916; returning to China in 1920, he 
joined the Revolutionary Government 
at Canton and was appointed chief-of- 
staff of 1st Division of the Revolutionary 
Army ; assisted in the organization of 
the Whampoa Military Cadets' Academy 
and served as a training officer, 1924 ; 
chief-of-staff to Chiang Kai-shek in the 
campaign against Chen Chiung-ming 
and was chiefly responsible for Chen's 
final defeat, 1925 ; commander of the 
1st Division of the Nationalist Army in 
charge of rear defense in Kwangtung 
during the Northern Punitive Expedi- 
tion, 1926 ; assisted in the movement 
of purgation of the Nationalist Army 
from communist elements and defeated 
the communist troops under Ho Lung 
and Yeh Ting, 1927 ; promoted com- 
mander of the 82nd Nationalist Army 
and participated in the suppression of 
the "Red Uprising" in Canton, 1928; 
garrison commander of Shanghai and 
Woosung Area and concurrently member 
of the Kiangsu Provincial Government, 
1928 ; commander of the 2nd Nationalist 
division, 1928 ; appointed president of 
the Wuhan School of the Whampoa 
Military Cadets' Academy at Wuchang, 
1928 and concurrently commander of 
the 3rd Training Corps which partici- 
pated in the suppression of the "Red 
Uprising" in Changsha, 1929-30 ; Com- 
mander of the 13th Army, since 1929 ; 
Director of the Paoting Headquarters 
of the President of the Military Affairs 
Commission, 1932-33 ; director of staff 
department of the Wuchang Provisional 
Headquarters of the President of Military 
Affairs Commission, since 1935 ; reserve 
member of the Central Executive Com- 
mittee of Kuomintang, since 1981 ; 
address : Provisional Headquarters of 
the President of the Military Affairs 
Commission, Wuchang, Hupeh. 




Tslen Tai (ChMen Tai) 

* -4"* rs -T- 

TSIEN TAI, diplomatic official; 
born at Chiashan Hsien, Chekiang in 
1888 ; passed the Imperial examinations 
and received the Yu Kung (meritorius 
senior licentiate) degree in 1906; went 
to France to study law and received 
his LL.D. degree ; after return he 
became deputy Judge of the Peking 
Local Court ; appointed a secretary and 
later councillor in the Ministry of 
Justice, 1915 ; appointed member of the 
committee to study international affairs 
during the World War, 1917 ; member 
of the preparation committee for parti- 
cipation in the European Peace Con- 
ference, 1918 ; appointed legal expert 
to the Chinese delegation to the Paris 
Peace Conference, 1918 ; member of the 
commission to study peace treaties, 
1919 ; member of the commission to 
take over Russian Courts on the 
Chinese Eastern Railway and con- 
currently assistant councillor of the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1919; 
appointed director of the treaty depart- 
ment in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 
1921 ; legal expert to the Chinese dele- 
gation to the Washington Conference, 
1921 ; appointed assistant director of 
the secretariat of the Cabinet 1922 ; 
expert to the commission for the 
readjustment of finance, 1923 ; depart- 
mental director in the Customs Con- 
ference, 1923 ; technical delegate and 
chairman of commission to the Sino- 
Soviet Conference 1926; councillor to 
the commission for the investigation 
of extraterritoriality, 1923 ; acting vice- 
Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1926 ; chief 
secretary to the commission for the 
study of treaties, 1927 ; adviser to the 
treaty commission of the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, National Government 
1928 ; councillor to the Judicial Yuan, 
1928 ; Chinese delegate for the negotia- 
tions pertaining to the establishment 
of the special district court in the 
International Settlement in Shanghai, 
1929 ; technical delegate to the Sino- 
Soviet Conference at Moscow ; ap- 
pointed a Department Director of the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1931; 
Departmental Director of the Chinese 
Assessor's Office to the Lytton Commis- 
sion, 1932 ; technical delegate to the 
Special Assembly of the League of 
Nations for the Sino-Japanese dispute, 
1932 ; vice-President of the Treaty Com- 
mission of the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, substitute delegate to the 14th 
and 15th Assemblies of the League of 
Nations 1933-34 ; Minister to Spain since 
1983 ; address : Chinese Legation, 2 Plaza 
de Salamance, Madrid, Spain. 



50 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Chien Tien-hao 

si & n, % * $ 

CHIEN TIEN-HAO agricultural 
expert and Government official ; born 
at Hangchow, Chekiang, 1893 ; received 
education in the United States, graduat- 
ing from the New York State College 
of Agriculture and Forestry of Cornell 
University with the degrees of B.S.A. 
1917 and M.S.A. 1918 ; professor of 
Agriculture and concurrently head of 
Sericulture Department, College of 
Agriculture and Forestry, Nanking 
University, 1918-23; principal of the 
Provincial College of Agriculture, 
Chekiang, 1926 ; section chief in 
Ministry of Education, 1927-28 ; director 
of Metropolitan Museum of Natural 
History, Academia Sinica, director of 
Bureau of Agriculture and Forestry, 
Chekiang and concurrently Commis- 
sioner of Agriculture and Mining, 
Chekiang Provincial Government, 1929- 
33 ; Vice-Director of National Agricul- 
tural Research Bureau, Ministry of 
Industry, 1933 to present ; address : 
National Agricultural Research Bureau, 
Shaolingwei, Nanking. 




Frank T. Z. Chien (Chien Tien-Jen) 

FRANK T. Z. CHIEN, consular 
official ; born at Tsung-Tai District, 
Chekiang, 1893 ; graduate of the Colllege 
of Law, Washington, D.C., U.S.A. ; has 
held the following positions : chancellor 
of the Chinese Consulate General at 
Vladivostok ; attache of the Chinese 
Legations in Cuba and Brazil respective- 



ly ; member of the secretariat of the 
Extraordinary Parliament at Canton and 
concurrently secretary of the office of 
the President of the Parliament; secre- 
tary to Dr. C. T. Wang, Chinese 
Delegate to the Paris Peace Conference ; 
secretary of the Office of the Chinese 
Delegation to the League of Nations ; 
Secretary of Political Division, Head- 
quarters of the Eastern Route Army of 
the Nationalist Army ; councilor to the 
Committee on Political Affairs at the 
Military Zones of the Nationlist Army 
and concurrently member of the 
Division of Foreign Affairs ; Com- 
missioner of Foreign Affairs of Kiangsi 
Province and concurrently director of 
the bureau of administration of municip- 
al affairs of the Special District of 
Kiukiang ; secretary of the Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs ; Consul General at 
Yokohama, since 1931 ; address : Chinese 
Consulate-General, Yokohama, Japan. 




W. H. Ch'ien (Ch'ien Wen-hsuan) 

A 3: m. 

W. H. CH'IEN, Government official; 
born at Kwangteh, Anhwei, 1873 ; 
attended the Imperial College of 
Languages, Peking and received his 
Chu-Jen (M.A.) degree with official 
rank of 7th grade; attached to the 
Board of Education, 1909 ; superinten- 
dent of Chinese Government students in 
Great Britain, 1910 ; Chinese delegate 
to International Race Congress, London, 
1911 ; Chinese delegate to International 
Moral Education Congress at The Hague, 
1912 ; special delegate to Europe, 
America and Japan to study the system 
of Government and Education and 
member on the Commission for the 
organization of Yen Wu Shu, 1913 ; 
Consul at San Francisco and concur- 
rently special deputy to investigate 
salt affairs in America ; councillor of 
Chinese commission, and representative 
for Anhwei to the Panama Pacific 
International Exposition, 1914 ; member 
of International Jury of Award of 
Panama Pacific International Exposi- 
tion, 1915 ; district inspector of salt 
revenue, Yunnan, 1916 ; district in- 
spector _ of salt revenue at Tientsin, 
1918 ; district inspector of salt revenue 
at Hangchow, 1919 ; chief of the 
Anhwei salt transportation office, 1921 ; 
reappointed inspector of salt revenue at 
Hangchow, 1922 ; auditor of salt revenue 
at Hankow, 1925 ; chief of the Hupeh 
transportation office and salt commis- 
sioner of Liangcheh, 1926 ; resumed his 
position as district inspector of salt 
revenue at Hangchow, 1928 ; district 
inspector of salt revenue at Foochow, 



1931 ; district inspector of Salt Revenue 
of Chuannan, Szechuan, 1932 ; retired 
from Government service at age of 
60 according to salt regulations, 1938 ; 
address: 28 Si Wan Road, Hangchow. 




Y. M. Ch'ien (Ch'ien Yung-ming) 

£% *. & $ #f 3- 

Y. M. CH'IEN, banker and Govern- 
ment official ; native of Chekiang ; born 
at Shanghai in 1885 ; after finishing his 
preparatory education in Shanghai he 
attended the JCobe Commercial College 
where he was graduated ; upon return- 
ing to China he entered the banking 
business, becoming manager of the 
Shanghai branch of the Bank of 
Communications and up to 1922 he 
held the following positions : vice- 
president of the Shanghai Bankers' 
Association, director of the Chinese 
General Chamber of Commerce, director 
of the Peking Bankers' Association, 
director of the Hua Feng Cotton Milt 
at Shanghai, director of the Poo Tung 
Electrical Works Company, director of 
Southeastern University at Nanking, 
director of Chi Nan College and director 
of China Vocational Educational As- 
sociation ; vice-president of the Bank 
of Communications, 1922-25 ; appointed 
a member of the commission for the 
discussion of China's finance in April, 
1928 ; vice-Minister of Finance in the 
National Government, 1927 ; at present 
he holds the following positions : pre- 
sident, Joint Savings Society ; director. 
Central Bank of China ; managing 
director, Bank of Communications : 
residential director, Chekiang Industrial 
Bank ; supervisor, Chekiang Provincial 
Bank ; supervisor, Kincheng Banking 
Corporation ; director. Bank of Agricul- 
ture and Labor ; managing director. 
Manufacturers' Bank of China ; director, 
Shanghai City Bank ; general manager, 
Banque Franco-Chinoise pour le Com- 
merce et 1'Industrie ; general managerand 
director, Chunghsing Mining Admini- 
stration Co. ; president, Tai Shan Brick 
and Tile Co. ; director, Sin Wan Pao ; 
vice-president, China Express Co. ; 
director, China United Assurance 
Society ; director, Eastern Life Insu- 
rance Co. ; trustee, St. John's Univer- 
sity ; trustee, Shanghai College of Law ; 
director. China Vocational Educational 
Association ; trustee, Shanghai North 
Public School ; trustee, National Uni- 
versity, Peiping ; trustee, Nanyang 
Middle School ; trustee, Nanyang Model 
Primary School ; vice-council chairman, 
Red Cross Society of China ; director, 
Chinese Ratepayers Association ; mem- 
ber of Chekiang Provincial Government, 
Commissioner of Finance of Chekiang 
Province ; and member of reconstruction 
committee of the National Government - r 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



51 



appointed Minister to France, December 
1930, but did not proceed to the post ; 
address : Joint Savings Society, Corner 
of Szechuan and Hankow Roads, 
Shanghai. 




Dr. Kiusic Kimm (Chin Chun-wen) 
&r 4f 3l % «£ $1 

DR. KIUSIC KIMM, educationalist 
and revolutionary worker ; born in 
Korea, Jan. 29th, 1881 ; naturalized as 
a Chinese citizen at Kalgan, Jan. 
1918 ; first went to America in 1897, 
graduating with honors from Roanoke 
College, 1903 and winning a scholarship 
for M.A. work at Princeton University ; 
after return to Korea in 1904, was 
engaged in religious and educational 
work ; finding his work difficult after 
Korea's annexation by Japan, he gave 
up all his interests and activities in his 
homeland and decided to devote his life 
and energy in the movement for the 
restoration of Korea's Independence, 
coming away to China and living a 
self-exiled life since the spring of 1913 ; 
after his arrival in China, besides becom- 
ing more directly in touch with the 
Korean Revolutionary workers outside of 
his fatherland, he was closely allied with 
the work of the Chinese revolutionary 
leaders, such as Dr. Sun Yat-sen, Gen. 
Huang Hsing and particularly, Gen. 
Chen Chi-mei ; participated in China's 
Second Revolution against Yuan Shi- 
kai ; went to Urga in 1914 with several 
Korean leaders in order to find there 
a suitable place for the training of 
military officers for the future Korean 
Independence Army ; returned to Kalgan 
in 1916 and joined the Kalgan Office of 
Anders'en, Meyer and Co., as manager 
of the Office ; served as the Chief Korean 
Delegate to present Korea's Case before 
the Peace Conference at Paris in 1919, 
which gesture caused the March 1st 
Uprising of passive resistance against 
the Japanese oppression and positive 
general movement for the independence 
of Korea ; when the First Korean Pro- 
visional Government was organised in 
Korea, he was made its Minister for 
Foreign Affairs ; later became Minister 
of Education upon its ' re-establishment 
in Shanghai, China ; after winding up 
his work in Paris, he went to the 
United States and helped organize and 
become chairman of the Korean Com- 
mission to Europe and America with 
Headquarters at Washington, D.C. ; re- 
presented Korea at the Far Eastern 
Revolutionary Congress held in Moscow, 
1922 ; was again in Siberia in 1923-4 at 
the invitation of the Soviet Authorities 
and the Korean revolutionaries there ; 
has been engaged in educational work 



in China since then, at different times 
as professor of Futan University and 
President of Williams* College in S'hai, 
professor of Chungshan University in 
Wuchang ; professor of English and con- 
currently English secretary at Peiyang 
University in Tientsin since Jan., 1929 ; 
he was again in America as the repre- 
sentative of the Sino-Korean People's 
League to bring about among overseas 
Chinese and Koreans better understand- 
ing and more active coopration in their 
joint struggle against Japanese aggres- 
sion in the Far East and to present to 
the American public the true situation 
of the Far East and its bearing on world 
peace ; a linguist and educationalist, 
having scholarly knowledge of English 
besides his mother tongue and fluency 
in Chinese, Russian and French, also 
speaking German, Japanese and Mon- 
golian ; a gifted speaker, a brilliant 
writer and above all an untiring worker 
with a charming and magnetic persona- 
lity: a LL.D. degree was conferred 
upon him by Roanoke College in 1923 
at the 20th re-union of his class. 




F. Ch'in (Ch'ln Fen) 

**>?<* 9 

F. CH'IN, Government official; born 
at Chiating Hsien, Kiangsu in 1887 ; 
he received his middle school and college 
education in Shanghai and in 1906 he 
went to America and studied mathe- 
matics and astronomy at Harvard 
University, from which school he was 
graduated in 1909 with the degree of 
A. B., (magna cum laude) ; the same 
year he obtained the degree of M. A. ; 
during 1909-1910 he spent a year in 
England and Germany taking post- 
graduate courses at Glasgow University 
and Freiburg University, 1909-10 ; 
returned to China in June 1910 and 
became dean of the Kiangnan High 
School, Nanking ; later he was made 
dean of the Pootung Middle School, 
Shanghai ; professor of mathematics of 
the Nanyang College, now known as 
the Chiaotung University, 1912-15; 
professor of mathematics and astro- 
nomy at the Government University 
at Peking and also dean of the 
Science Department, 1915-19 ; he was 
appointed director of the Ministry of 
Education in charge of the department 
of technical education in March, 1919 ; 
promoted to councillor of the Ministry 
of Education in November, 1920 ; in 
April, 1923 he was appointed Chinese 
Delegate to the International Educa- 
tional Conference ; appointed vice- 
Minister of Education in 1926 ; director 
of the college of science of Peking 
University, 1927-28 ; director of the 
bureau of general education of Central 
University in 1929 ; made director of 



the department of accounts, budget 
and statistics in the Ministry of 
Finance at Nanking in 1929 ; Vice- 
Minister of Finance and concurrently 
Secretary-General of the National Eco- 
nomic Council, since 1933 ; author of 
a series of text books on mathematics 
in Chinese and several books on as- 
tronomy ; address : National Economic 
Council, Nanking. 





Zing Zung-chinq (Chin Jun-ching) 

£ m ft 9 4* *f 

ZING ZUNG-CHING, banker; born 
at Tsi-chi, Chekiang, 1878 ; after receiv- 
ing a through Chinese education in his 
native city, he came to Shanghai at 
age of 17 and entered banking business ; 
manager of Foh Yu native bank since 
1906 ; president of the Shanghai Native 
Bankers' Guild, 1919 ; vice-president of 
the Shanghai Commercial Federation, 
1920 ; proprietor of the electricity com- 
pany at his native city ; committee 
member of the Shanghai Municipal 
Council, since 1928 ; president of the 
Shanghai Native Banks' Guild ; manager 
of the Bank of Communications since 
1933 ; president of the Land Bank of 
China ; founder of the following schools : 
Su Nun Institute, Chien Yieh Public 
School, the Evening School of the 
Shanghai Commercial Federation ; ad- 
dress: Bank of Communications, The 
Bund, Shanghai. 




P. C. King (Chin Pang-cheng) 
£- 4f SL $ # $ 

P. C. KING, retired university 
president ; native of Anhwei ; born at 



52 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



Hangchow, Chekiang, 1887 ; passed 
■the examinations held by the bureau 
of the educational mission to the 
United States and was sent to America 
as a government student in 1909 ; 
he first attended Williston Seminary, 
Easthampton, Mass., and Cornell 
University in 1910, specializing in 
forestry, receiving his B.S. and M.F. 
degrees in 1914 ; upon returning to 
China, he organised the bureau of 
forestry for Anhwei and also opened 
a forestry department in the Anhwei 
Provincial Agricultural School ; presi- 
dent of the Peking Government Agri- 
cultural College, 1917-20; president of 
Tsinghua College, 1920-22 ; director of 
the Chinese educational mission to the 
United States, 1922 ; no further infor- 
mation has been received since 1922. 




P. Z. King (Chin Pao-shan) 

* * 4 

P. Z. KING, Government official; 
born at Shaoshing, Chekiang in 1893 ; 
M. D. degree from Chiba University, 
Japan, 1918 ; C. P. H. degree, Johns 
Hopkins University, U.S.A., 1927 ; 
between 1920-29 he was medical officer. 
Isolation Hospital Peking ; professor, 
National Medical College and Army 
Medical College, Peking ; director and 
technical expert, National Epidemic 
Prevention Bureau ; chief, division of 
medical service, Public Health Demon- 
stration Station, Peking ; health com- 
missioner, Hangchow ; since October, 
1928 he has been director, department 
of health and sanitation, National 
Health Administration ; author : "Report 
on Public Health Administration in the 
United States" ; chief editor, Chinese 
section, National Medical Journal of 
China, 1927-28. 



SHO-TSU G. KING, scientist; born 
at Nanziung, Chekiang in 1886 ; went 
to England in 1902 and joined King's 
College where he specialized in electric 
engineering ; returned to China in 19G5 
and organized the electric department 
in the technical school of the Board 
of Commerce at Peking and became 
its professor ; appointed a member 
of the Board of Communications and 
later joined the Nanyang College for 
four and a half years as head of the 
chemical department; in 1911 he again 
joined the Ministry of Communications ; 
after the first revolution in 1911 he 
went to Hankow as managing director 
of a real estate and trading company 
there; in 1916 he went to Peking 
to engage in business, his principal 
labors there were in the field of 
conchology, being the first conchologist 




Soh-tsu G. King (Chin Shao-chi) 

& <8 & ^ $L VJ 

of this country; he is co-author with 
Dr. Amadeus W. Grabau of the hand- 
book "Shells of Peitaiho" ; organized 
the Peking Society of Natural History 
and the Peking Laboratory of Natural 
History, becoming president of the 
former in 1927 and custodian of the 
latter; vice-president of the Peking 
Rotary Club and also vice-president of 
the Peiping Institute of Fine Arts ; 
last known address: Peiping Institute 
of Fine Arts, Peiping. 



Chin Shao-tseng 

A- *s £ % & & 

CHIN SHAO-TSENG, Government 
official. 

(See Page 92, 4th Edition). 



Chin Shu-Jen 



CHIN SHU-JEN, former Chairman 
of Sinkiang Provincial Government ; 
born at Tao-ho, Kansin; a licentiate of 
literary examination under the Manchu 
Regime; graduate of Kansu Provincial 
College; principal of a normal high 
school in Kansu ; secretary of Military 
Affairs Department of Sinkiang Pro- 
vince; magistrate of Ou-Ke-sou District, 
Sinkiang ; Commissioner of Civil 
Affairs of Sinkiang Provincial Govern- 
ment ; Chairman of Sinkiang Provincial 
Government, 1928-33 ; owing to the 
Mohammedan Uprising in Sinkiang, he 
resigned from his post and came to 
Nanking in 1933 ; shortly after his 
arrival, he was placed under arrest by 
"ftthe Government authorities, charged 
with maladministration of Sinkiang and 
the illegal conclusion of a commercial 
treaty with Russia ; he was tried at the 
Nanking District Court on the charges 
against him and was sentenced to 
imprisonment of three and a half years 
fn 1934 ; specially pardoned by the 
National Government on Oct. 10. 1935. 



Chin Teh-hsun 

#. 4fc *, * * * 

CHIN TEH-HSUN, Government 
official ; born at Szu-hsui, Shantung ; 
was graduated from the Paoting 



Military Academy and the Peking 
Military College ; entered army service 
in 1919 and has since served successively 
as chief -of-staff to the Occupation 
Commissioner of East Honan, chief-of- 
staff to the Commander of the 14th 
Division and concurrently Commander 
of a cavalry regiment; promoted 
Commander of the 47th Brigade ; 
appointed Commander of the 1st Army 
of the Allied Armies in 1925 and was 
soon transferred to the post as Com- 
mander of 23rd Army and concurrently 
vice-ehief-of-staff of the Second Group 
Army and concurrently member of the 
Shantung Provincial Government ; later 
promoted Chief-of-staff of the Second 
Group Army ; appointed counsellor to 
the Provisional Headquarters of the 
Commander-in-Chief of the Army, Navy 
and Air Force, 1931 and, soon transfer- 
red as counsellor to the Peiping 
Pacification Headquarters and con- 
currently member of the Standing 
Committee of the Peiping Military 
Affairs Readjustment Committee and 
concurrently director of the Educational 
Bureau ; Associate Field-Commander of 
the 4th Group Army of the Northern 
Route Bandit-suppression Forces and 
was later transferred to the post of 
Associate Field-Commander of the 3rd 
Group Army in North China and 
concurrently member of the Peiping 
Military Affairs Commission ; member 
and concurrently Commissioner of Civil 
Affairs of the Chahar Provincial Gov- 
ernment; promoted acting Chairman of 
Chahar, June 1935 ; he participated 
in _ and actively directed the armed 
resistence agaftist the Japanese invasion 
of North China in 1933 as vice- 
Commander-in-Chief of the 29th Army, 
of which General Sung Chi-yuan is 
Commander ; Mayor of Peiping, since 
Nov. 1935 ; address : Peiping Municipal 
Government, Peiping. 




Chin Ting-sheng 
^ & $ 

CHIN TING-SHENG, banker; born 
at Ningpo, Chekiang, 1884; studied at 
Ningpo before coming to Shanghai to 
engage in business ; now managing 
director, Ting Sheng Native Bank, 
Ningpo; director, Kiangsu & Chekiang 
Bank, Shanghai; director, Bank of 
Kiangnan ; director, Chung Wai Bank, 
Shanghai ; committee member, Chinese 
General Chamber of Commerce, Shang- 
hai ; director of the China Merchants 
Steam Navigation Company; vice-Presi- 
dent, Jen Chi Hospital, Ningpo ; holder 
of executive positions in several other 
large Chinese commercial organizations 
in Shanghai and Ningpo ; address : 
Chung Wai Bank, Avenue Edward VII, 
Shanghai. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



53 




Wunsz King (Chin Wen-shi) 
£- IP! to $ ft 3* 

WUNSZ KING, diplomatic official; 
born at Pinghu (Kashing), Chekiang 
province, 1892 ; graduated from 
Fuh-tan College, 1910 ; received LL.B. 
degree from Peiyang University Law 
School Tientsin, 1915 ; joined the Mini- 
stry of Foreign Affairs after having 
successfully passed the competitive 
examination for the Diplomatic and 
Consular Service, 1916 ; student attache 
of the Chinese Legation in Washington, 
1917-19 ; at the same time studied 
International Law under Prof. J.B. 
Moore at the Columbia University, 
N.Y., and received LL.M. degree from 
that university, 1919 ; assistant secretary 
of the Chinese delegation to the Peace 
Conference at Paris, 1919-20 ; secretary 
of the Chinese delegation to the first 
two sessions of the Assembly of the 
League of Nations, 1920 and 1921 ; 
secretary of the Chinese delegation to 
the Washington Conference, 1921-22 ; 
joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 
again and served in various capacities, 
1922-27 ; assisted in the negotiations at 
both the Sino-Soviet Conference, and 
the Special Customs Tariff Conference 
1924-26 ; councillor on foreign affairs 
to the Shanghai Municipal Government 
under Mayors Hwang Fu and Chang 
Tin-fan, 1927-28 ; also served on the 
Tariff ^ Commission under Sun Fo and 
T.V. Soong ; at the same time assisted 
in the Nationalist Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs under Dr. C. C. Wu ; when 
General* Hwang Fu became Minister 
of Foreign Affairs, he was appointed 
Director of the First (International 
Affairs) Department and later Commis- 
sioner of Foreign Affairs at Shanghai, 
1928-29 ; appointed Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to The Hague, 1929 ; served in 
the Ministry of Mining and the Ministry 
of Industries, 1930-31 ; acting Vice- 
Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1931 ; 
councillor of the Chinese Assessor's 
Office to the Lytton Commission, 1932 ; 
Substitute Delegate to the Extraordinary 
Assembly of the League of Nations in 
connection with the Sino-Japanese 
Conflict, 1932-33 ; re-appointed Minister 
to The Hague and proceeded to the 
post, 1933 ; Substitute Delegate to the 
14th Session of the Assembly of the 
League of Nations, 1933 ; Delegate to 
the 15th Session of the Assembly of 
the League of Nations, 1934 ; address : 
Chinese Leration, The Hague, Holland. 




Chin Yao 



CHIN YAO, lawyer; born at Soochow, 
Kiangsu, 1884 ; graduate of the Meiji 
University, Japan ; made a Colonel by 
President Li Yuan-hung 1921 ; counsellor 
to the Bureau of Foreign Affairs at 
Shanghai, 1924 ; counsellor of the 26th 
Army of the Nationalist Revolutionary 
Army and concurrently special commis- 
sioned-officer of the Headquarters of the 
Commander-in-Chief of the Nationalist 
Revolutionary Forces, 1926 ; counsellor 
to the Headquarters of the Garrison 
Commander of Shanghai and Woosung 
and counsellor of the French Consulate 
at Shanghai, 1927 ; member of the 
Chinese Ratepayers' Association, 1928 ; 
now principal of Chin Yung School and 
legal practitioner in Shanghai ; address : 
66 Ningpo Road, Shanghai. 



Chin Yun-ao 

CHIN YUN-AO, army 
Deceased. 
(See Page 93, 4th Edition). 



officer. 




Chin Yun-peng 

CHIN YUN-PENG, retired Govern- 
ment official ; born at Chining, Shan- 
tung, 1877 ; was graduated from Pei- 
yang Military College, Tientsin ; joined 
the army after graduation ; Military 
Governor of Shantung, 1913-16 ; made 
a count by Yuan Shih-kai hen he 
proclaimed himself Emperor, 1915 ; 



Minister of War, 1919; acting Premier 
and later Premier and concurrently 
Minister of War, 1919-20; re-appointed 
Premier, May, 1921 to Dec, 1921; he 
has been living in retirement since 1924. 




Chlntj Yao-yueh 

* m a # a us 

CHING YAO-YUEH, retired Gov- 
ernment official ; born at Ju-ch'eng, 
Shansi, 1883 ; studied political science 
and law at the Tokyo Imperial 
University, graduating with LL.B. 
degree in 1910 ; while in Japan, he 
joined the Tungminghui (a revolu- 
tionary party and predecessor n* 
Kuomintang) and became editor of the 
following revolutionary organs : Kuo 
Pao of Tokyo, Ming Hu Pao and Ming 
Lieh Pao of Shanghai, Ming Chih Pao 
and Ta Kung Ming Jih Pao of Peking; 
took active part in the 1911 Revolution 
and represented the Shansi Military 
Government at the Nanking Provisional 
Government ; chairman of the Provi- 
sional Constitution Commission ; Minister 
of Education of the Nanking Provi- 
sional Government, 1912 ; high political 
adviser to the President, 1912 ; member 
of the 1st Parliament, 1913 ; campaigned 
against the monarchial movement of 
Yuan Shih-kai, 1916 ; counsellor of the 
Government bureau of economic infor- 
mation, 1920 ; resumed his seat in the 
Parliament, 1922 ; he has been living 
in retirement at Peiping since 1980 ; 
author: "History of Chinese Pedagogy," 
"History of Chinese Metaphysics," "A 
Treatise on China's Land System," 
"Gems of Chinese Poetry," "Collection 
of Works of Poets of the Ching 
Dynasty," "Works and Essays of Ching 
Yao-yueh." 



H. S. CHUCK, civil engineer; born 
at Chung-shan Hsien, Kwangtung, 
1883 ; at the age of 12, he went to 
Honolulu where he attended St. 
Louis College and later Oahu 
College, from which he was graduated 
in 1906 ; went to America for higher 
education in 1907 ; joined the Whangpoo 
conservancy board at Shanghai as an 
assistant engineer in the hydrometrie 
department, 1913 ; chief engineer of 
the Tayeh Mines, Hupeh, 1914 ; senior 
assistant engineer to the Chu-Ching 
Railway, Kwangsi, 1917 ; organized the 
Pacific Trading Company at Hankow, 
of which he was general manager 
1918-21 and chief engineer, 1922-25 ; 
general-manger and chief-engineer of 
H. S. Chuck Engineering Corporation 
at Hankow and concurrently municipal 
architect in the 2nd special adminis- 



54 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




H. S. Chuck (Cho Kang-cheng) 

trative district of Hankow, 1926 ; after 
the establishment of the Nationalist 
Government in Wuhan, he joined the 
highway department of the Ministry 
of Communications ; commissioner of 
public highways of the Kwangtung 
Provincial Government, 1927 ; director 
and engineer-in-chief of the Chu-Shiu 
section of the Canton-Hankow Railway, 
1929. 




Cho Tzu-pel 

4- & * * * 9- 

CHO TZU-PEI, army officer; born 
at Fenghwa, Chekiang, 1885 ; taught 
botany at schools in Ningpo for several 
years ; participated in the revolution 
against the Manchus, 1911 ; built two 
dikes in Chekiang 1915— the Chia Ho 
dike at Fenghwa and the Hsiang Shan 
dike at Hsiancjshan ; served successively 
as commander of the 2nd regiment of 
the Volunteer Corps of Fenghwa and 
took part in many anti-bandit campaigns 
1929 ; went to Kwangtung and became 
adviser to the Financial Bureau of 
Wei, Chao and Mei districts 1914 ; 
chief secretary in the Office of the 
Commissary-General attached to the 
Headquarters of the Generalissimo of 
the Revolutionary Army ; director of 
the Department of Military Supplies of 
the 6th Division of the Revolutionary 
Army and concurrently chief of the 
Nanking office of the same Division and 
of the 8th Revolutionary Army, which 
posts he now holds. 



Chow Chi-kang Chou Chi-kang) 

$ J*- ftj 

CHOW CHI - KANG, party affairs 
worker ; born at . Namhoi district, 
Kwangtung, 1889 ; received his Chinese 
education under private tutors at home 
and was early known as a scholar 
in Chinese literature ; before the 1911 
Revolution, he had become a devotee 
to the cause of the national revolution 
and a faithful follower of the late 
Dr. Sun Yat-sen ; participated in the 
various revolutionary activities of the 
Kuomintang ; visited Annam and 
travelled through U.S.A., preaching the 
"gospel of revolution" and persuading 
the Chinese residents to join the 
revolutionary movement ; settled in 
Cuba for several years, during which 
time he was the central figure of the 
Chinese residents there and converted 
all of them into believing the Three 
Peoples' Principles ; held many important 
positions in the Cuban branch of 
the Kuomintang and was elected 
representative of the Cuban branch 
of Kuomintang to the 2nd National 
Convention of the Representatives of 
Kuomintang at Canton, 1926; later 
elected member of the Central Executive 
Committee of the Kuomintang ; member 
of the Overseas Affairs Committee of 
the Nationalist Government and chief 
of the overseas affairs department of 
the Central Party Headquarters ; party 
affairs director of both the commissariat 
department of the Headquarters of the 
Nationalist Commander-in-Chief and 
the commissariat of the Nationalist 
Military Council ; member of the Central 
Political Council, 1928 ; re-elected 
member of the Central Executive 
Committee and of the Central Political 
Council, 1931 ; executive member of the 
Committee on Overseas Party Affairs 
of the Central Party Headquarters and 
Vice-Chairman of the Overseas Affairs 
Commission of the National Government 
since 1932 ; address : Overseas Affairs 
Commission, Nanking. 



TSUR CHI-LIEN, retired diplomatic 
official ; born at Ningpo, Chekiang, 
1877 ; after graduating from St. John's 
University, he attended Edinburgh 
University, from which he received his 
M.A. degree ; later studied in Germany 
specializing in political science and was 
given Ph.D. degree ; 3rd secretary 
of Chinese Legation in Japan, 1914 ; 
Chinese commissioner to Australia in 



Tsur Chi-lien (Chou Chi-lien) 

$ & m % i *? 

charge of the German and Austrian 
prisoners, 1918 : Consul-General at 
New York, N.Y., 1919-20; Consul- 
General at Ottawa, Canada, 1922-23. 




Chow Chih-jou (Chou Chih-jou) 

fl £ #r 
CHOW CHIH JOU, air officer; born 
at Lin Hai District, Chekiang, 1898; 
graduated from Paoting Military 
Academy ; started his career as Lieu- 
tenant in the 2nd Division of the 
Chekiang Provnicial Army ; became 
instructor at the Whampoa Military 
Academy, Canton ; served on the 
General Staff of the 21st Division 
and later as Chief of Staff of the 11th 
Division ; made Regimental Commander 
in the 21st Division in 1927 and 
Brigadier General in the 11th Division 
in 1930 ; Vice-Commander and later 
Commander of the 14th Division ; 
participated in the revolutionary cam- 
paigns in Honan, Shantung and Hunan, 
and in the Red-suppression Campaign 
in Kiangsi ; toured the world studying 
aviation after he resigned his post as 
Vice-Commander of the 18th Army; 
returned to China in the spring of 1934 
and has since been Commandant of the 
Central Aviation School ; address : 
Central Aviation School, Shien Chiao, 
Hangchow. 



DIPHEW T. CHOW, Government 
official ; born at Ningpo, Chekiang, 
1903 ; educated at St. John's University" 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



55 




Diphew T. Chow (Chow Chin) 

H \ m. $ a. it 

and University of Shanghai, and received 
B.A. with honors and B.C.S. with first 
prize from the latter University ; 
served successively as dean of Robert's 
English Institute, Shanghai ; secretary 
to Messrs. Franklin and Chalai, attor- 
neyp-at-law, Shanghai ; head of the 
general affairs department of the 
Kiangsu Provincial Electricity Adminis- 
tration, Chinkiang ; secretary of the 
History Compilation Bureau of the City 
Government of Greater Shanghai, 
Shanghai ; secretary of the Government 
Testing Bureau of Shanghai, Ministry 
of Industry, and concurrently chief of 
the Statistical Department and editor of 
the Inspection and Commerce Journal, 
since 1931 ; concurrently he is also 
instructor of economics in the School 
of Commerce, University of Shanghai ; 
one of the editors of the Ta Shing 
Weekly (Great Voice), 1932-33; author 
of several books on literature and 
economics ; address : Government Testing 
Bureau of Shanghai, 1040 North Soochow 
Road, Shanghai. 




Chow Chun-yen (Chou Chun-yen) 

® It % % *t J£ 

CHOW CHUN-YEN, Government 
official ; born at Fenghua, Chekiang, 
1872;. was graduated from the Law 
College of Japan ; joined the Kuomintang 
in 1924; chief of the Supply Bureau 
of the Whampoa Military Academy, 
1924 ; director of the Supply Department 
of the First Nationalist Revolutionary 
Army, 1925 ; member of the Finance 



Committee of Chekiang, 1926; Salt 
Commissioner of Chekiang, 1927 ; 
member of the Chekiang Provincial 
Government, 1928 ; member of the 
Executive Committee of the Chekiang 
Provincial Party Headquarters and 
concurrently Superintendent of the 
Commissariat Department of the 
Headquarters of the Generalissimo of 
the National Army, Navy and Air 
Force, 1930 ; in recognition of his 
meritorious services, he was awarded 
a 2nd Class Pao Ting Order by the 
National Government, 1931 ; member 
of the Chekiang Provincial Government 
and concurrently Commissioner of 
Finance, 1932 ; Director of the Supply 
Department of the Ministry of War, 
since 1934 ; address : Supply Department, 
Ministry of War, Nanking. 




Morgan Chou (Chou Chung-chien) 

n # t 

MORGAN CHOU, banker; born at 
Huai-yin, Kiangsu, 1900 ; received his 
preliminary education under private 
tutorship ; joined the Middle School of 
Soochow University in 1914 ; graduated 
from Soochow University with B.A. 
degree in 1921 ; after teaching at 
Shanghai Baptist College for two years, 
went to America as a private student 
in 1923 ; received his M.A. degree from 
the School of Economics, Columbia 
University, 1924 ; after his return to 
China, joined the Shanghai Trading 
Company as vice-manager and concur- 
rently held the following positions : 
professor at Government Chinan Univer- 
sity and Shanghai College of Commerce, 
lecturer in Southern University, adviser 
to the Finance Department of Kiangsu 
Provincial Government and adviser to 
the Special Commissioner of Foreign 
Affairs for Kiangsu, 1925-27 ; appointed 
Head of Luxury Tax Department, 
Shanghai Surtax Bureau, 1927-29 ; 
secretary of Finance Bureau, Special 
Municipality of Nanking and member 
of Planning Committee, Ministry of 
Labor and Commerce, 1931 ; secretary 
to Kiangsu Chekiang Fishery Admini- 
stration, 1931 ; joined the Bank of East 
China, Shanghai, as chief secretary and 
head of Business Department, since 
1931 ; elected supervising director of 
the same Bank, 1933 ; address : Bank 
of East China, 190 Ningpo Road, 
Shanghai. 



CHOU CHUNG-LIANG, Government 
official ; born at Liping, Kweichow in 
1886 ; after completing his studies in 
China he took post-graduate work in 
Waseda University, Japan ; formerly 




Chou Chung-Hang 

n jl 

confidential secretary in the Commander- 
in-Chief's Headquarters at Canton ; 
director of the Bureau of Printing and 
Engraving of the National Government, 
since 1928 ; address : Bureau of Printing 
and Engraving, National Government, 
Nanking. 




Chou Fu-hai 

« # $ 
CHOU FU-HAI, Commissioner of 
Education of Kiangsu ; born in Hunan, 
1897 ; graduate of the Japanese Imperial 
University in Tokyo ; professor of 
National Kwangtung University at 
Canton ; Dean of College of Commerce 
of the National Wuhan University at 
Wuchang ; secretary to the Head- 
quarters of Commander-in-Chief of the 
Nationalist Army ; chief secretary of 
the Wuhan School of the Central 
Military and Political Academy and 
and concurrently Director of the 
Political Affairs Department ; Director 
of the Political Department of 
the Central Military Officers' College; 
Director of the Political Training 
Bureau attached to the Inspectorate- 
General of Military Training; elected 
member of Central Executive Committee 
of the Kuomintang, 1931 ; now, member 
of Kiangsu Provincial Government and 
concurrently Commissioner of Education 
for Kiangsu ; author of "Basic Problems 
of the Three People's Principles," and 
"Fundamentals of Economics" ; address: 
Department of Education, Kiangsu 
Provincial Government, Chinkiang, 
Kiangsu. 



56 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



Chou Hslang-luien 

ft JH fr 3F 4r -* 
CHOU HS1ANG-HSIEN, Govern, 
ment official; born at Tinghai, Che- 
kiang, 1890 ; graduate of Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology, U.S.A., with 
B.Sc. degree in engineering ; municipal 
engineer tp the Municipal Government 
of Peiping; lecturer at the Peiping 
National University ; member of Tech- 
nical Committee of Yangtsze River 
Conservancy Commission ; director of 
the River Conservancy Bureau of the 
National Reconstruction Commission ; 
Mayor of Hangchow Municipality ; 
counsellor to the Ministry of Finance ; 
Chairman of Yangtsze River Conser- 
vancy Commission ; reappointed Mayer 
of Hangchow Municipality, since 1934 ; 
address : Hangchow Municipal Govern- 
ment, Hangchow, Chekiang. 



Chow Sien-kwok (Chou Ksien-cho) 

ft JL # 

CHOW SIEN-KWOK, judicial offi- 
cial ; born in Nanhai, Kwangtung, 1890 ; 
was graduated from the University of 
Cambridge, England, with LL.B. degree 
and admitted to the English bar in 
London ; appointed president of the 
District Court at Canton, 1925 ; judge of 
the Provisional Court of Shanghai, 1927 ; 
chief procurator and later president of 
the District Court for the First Special 
Area of Shanghai (International Settle- 
ment), 1930-32; now chief procurator of 
the District Court of Ningpo ; address : 
District Court, Ningpo, Chekiang. 




Chow Sing-nan (Chou Hsin-nan) 



ft « £? 



CHOW SING-NAN, financier and 
director of Public Works ; born at 
Weiyang, Kwangtung, 1884 ; chief of 
Finance Bureau of the Headquarters of 
the Cantonese Generalissimo in South 
Fukien, 1916; chief of Public Works 
Bureau, Changchow, Fukien, 1918 ; 
director of the Changchow-Lungyen 
Public Roads Board and concurrently 
commissioner of Municipal Affairs, 
Amoy, 1920 ; chief of Bureau 
for Financing Military Expenditures, 
Changchow, and later for Superinten- 
ding the Raising of Military Funds 
in Ch'ouchow-Meihsien, 1922-23 ; en- 
gineering councillor to the Changchow 
Amoy Naval Garrison Commander, 
Amoy, since 1926 ; Quarter-Master of 
the Amoy Staff-Office of the 19th Route 
Army and chief of Engineering Board 
of Military Roads ; achievements : in 
Changchow, with a loan of $6,000 



advanced by the local Chamber of 
Commerce, more than $2,000,000 were 
raised and spent on the following : 
complete reconstruction of roads through- 
out the whole city, building of bunds, 
markethalls, development and construc- 
tion of Changchow-"Shihma, Shihma- 
Haiteng, Haiteng-Pukong, Changchow- 
Nanching, Changchow - Poonan and 
Changchow-Lungyen motor roads with 
a total length of over 200 Chinese li; 
promoting and organizing the Tingchow- 
Changchow-Lungyen See-Hsin Motor 
Bus Company, offering the first long- 
distance omnibus service connecting 
Amoy with the interior districts ; in 
Amoy ; with $20,000 appropriation, 
more than $22,000,000 were raised and 
expended on a ten-thousand feet 
Bunding, 89 motor roads with 298,385 
feet in length, reclamation and deve- 
lopment of new areas of 17,000,000 
sq. ft., a $800,000 Chungsan Park, a 
Chungsan Memorial Hospital, a House 
for the Care of the Aged, Experimental 
Farm for Agriculture and Forestry, 
a motor road encircling the whole 
island, and a Land Surveyance Board ; 
address : Lu Cheng Pan Su Chu, Phah- 
Thih Jetty, Amoy. 




Henry H. C. Chou (Chou Hsueh-chang) 
ft $ $ 

HENRY H. C. CHOU, university 
professor ; born at Tientsin, Chihli in 
1893 ; went to America in 1917 and 
received B.A. degree from Oberlin 
College, Ohio in 1919, and M.A. and 
Ph.D. degrees from Columbia Univer- 
sity, New York in 1920 and 1923 
respectively ; during the year of 
1922-23, he was appointed research 
scholar of Teachers' College of Columbia 
University and in the summer of 1928 
instructor of Chinese of the same 
institution ; since returning to China, 
he served as professor of education at 
Amoy University 1924 ; professor, dean, 
and acting president of Hopei Univer- 
sity, Hopei ; lecturer in education of 
the National Normal University and 
of the Girls' Normal College of Peking 
University; professor of education of 
Yenching University since the fall of 
1926, holding concurrently the offices 
of acting chairman of the department 
of education 1927 and director of the 
preparatory division 1927-29 ; at 
present dean of the College of Arts 
and Letters ; author of "Measurement of 
Composition Ability" ; address : Yenching 
University, Peiping. 




Chou Hsiao-an 

ft % fr 
the Shanghai College of Law, receiving 
the degree of LL.B. ; after serving for 
ten years in various capacities on 
Chinese newspapers in Shanghai he 
was appointed director of the Inter- 
national News Agency, and principal 
of the Shanghai Journalism Correspon- 
dence School ; he is at present city 
editor and chief of the reportorial 
department of the China Times, 
Shanghai ; he is also a legal practitoner 
in Shanghai ; address : The China Times 
Shanghai. 



CHOU HSIAO-AN, lawyer and 
journalist ; born at Tsingpu Hsien, 
Kiangsu in 1899 ; was graduated from 




Chou Hsing-tang 

ft 3. t 

CHOU HSING-TANG, banker; born 
at Shaoshing, Chekiang, 1877; entered 
business at age of twenty^ and soon 
obtained a responsible position in a 
native bank in Hankow ; organiser and 
manager of the King On Bank and 
also founder of the Tow Toong native 
bank at Hankow ; joined the Sumitomo 
Bank as assistant eompradore; elected 
chairman of the Hankow General 
Chamber of Commerce, 1923 ; when 
the Nationalist Revolutionary forces 
reached Hankow, he was appointed a 
member of the Sino-Foreign Board of 
Directors of the Special Administrative 
District No. 2, (Ex-Russian Concession) ; 
chairman of the Anti-Japanese Boycott 
Committee at Hankow in protest 
against the Tsinan Incident, 1928; he 
is now still owner of several native 
banks in Hankow. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



57 




Y. T. Tsur (Chou l-chun) 

« it A * * # 

Y. T. TSUR, educator and university 
president ; born at Hankow in 1883 
although his ancestral province is 
Anhwei ; was graduated from St. 
John's University, Shanghai after 
which he went to the "United States 
and entered Yale University where he 
received his A.B. degree in 1909 ; 
entered the University of Wisconsin 
in 1909 and was graduated with a 
M.A. degree in 1910 ; received the 
Chinshih degree in the Imperial 
examinations of 1911 ; honorary D. 
Litt. from St. John's and Yenching 
Universities ; since 1911 he has at 
various times held the following 
positions ; president of Tsing Hua 
College, Peiping ; Senator of the 
Peiping Parliament ; manager of the 
Chung Foo Union Bank, Peiping ; 
secretary-general of the Commission 
for the Readjustment of Finance ; 
technical expert at the Customs Con- 
ferences in 1924 and 1928 ; trustee 
and director of the China Foundation 
for the Promotion of Education and 
Culture; director of the International 
Famine Relief Commission in Peiping ; 
Vice-Chairman of the China Foundation 
for Promotion of Education and Culture, 
since 1933 ; President of the Yenching 
University 1933-34 ; appointed Adminis- 
trative Vice-Minister of Industry, Dec. 
1935 ; address : Ministry of Industry, 
Nanking. 



Chou Jen 



CHOU JEN, university professor: 
born at Nanking, 1892 ; was graduated 
from Cornell University in mechanical 
engineering with M.Sc. degree; dean of 
studies of the Chiaotung University, 
Shanghai ; dean of the School of En- 
gineering of the Central University, 
Nanking ; now director of the research 
institute of engineering of the Academia 
Sinica ; address : Academia Sinica, Nan- 
king. 




S. R. Chow (Chou Kon-sheng) 

n m *. 

of Department of Political Science 
of National Wuhan University; author 
of "Controle parlementaire de la 
Politique etrangere" (1920, Paris: 
Sagot), "Diplomatic History of Modern 
Europe," "Outline of International 
Law," "Current Problems of Interna- 
tional Law," "A Political History of 
Modern Europe" and "Introduction to 
the Study of International Relations," 
etc. ; address : Faculty of Law, National 
Wuhan University, Wuchang. 




S. R. CHOW, university professor 
and author ; born at Changsha, Hunan, 
1889; M.A. Edinburgh University, 
Scotland ; LL.D. Paris University, 
France ;_ formerly professor and dean 
of department of Political Science of 
National University of Peiping ; member 
of the Legislative Yuan ; dean of 
Department of Political Science of 
the Law School of National Central 
University ; now professor and dean 



Chou Ling 

«p * 

CHOU LING, Government official; 
born at Taipo, Kwangtung in 1888 ; 
was graduated from Peiping National 
College of Law, after which he was 
appointed magistrate of Pingshan and 
Neikiang, Szechuen ; director of judicial 
department of Kwangtung Military 
Government; chief of Salt office: chief 
of office of Revenue Stamps ; chief of 
secretariat of the Ministry of Finance; 
he is now Political vice-Minister of 
the Ministry of Finance; author: "A 
Study of Kwangtung Salt Administra- 
tion" ; address : Ministry of Finance, 
Nanking. 




CHOU LU, university chancellor; 
born at Tapu, Kwangtung, 1884 ; 
studied at Chinshan Academy in 
Chaochow and was graduated from 
the Kwangtung Provincial Law College 
at Canton, 1909 ; while studying at 
the College, he assisted Dr. Sun Yat-sen 



Chou Lu 

* ♦ 9 * * 

in revolutionary activities against the 
Manchu Regime; participated in the 
Canton Uprising on March 29, 1910, 
directing publicity of the Revolution 
as editor of the Ko Poo in Canton ; 
upon the outbreak of the Revolution 
in Wuchang in the fall of the same 
year, he and his fellow revolutionary 
workers responded to the movement 
and seized Canton from the Manchu 
Garrison ; after the fall of Kwangtung, 
he was appointed Superintendent of 
Military Stations of the Northern 
Expeditionary Force and fought against 
the Manchu troops in Northern 
Kiangsu ; upon establishment of the 
Republic, he returned to Canton and 
was appointed Director of the Govern- 
ment Bank of Kwangtung; elected a 
member of the Peking Parliament, 
1911 ; opposed Yuan Shih-kai and 
narrowly escaped arrest and execution 
by him ; accompanied Dr. Sun to 
Canton to launch a campaign against 
Yuan, but failed in the attempt; went 
to Japan in 1913 and served as an 
editor of the Republican Magazine 
established by Dr. Sun at Tokyo for 
four years until 1916 ; when Yuan was 
attempting to crown himself Emperor, 
he again returned to China and raised 
subscriptions in South Seas and 
Hongkong to finance another Campaign 
against Yuan ; after Yuan's death, he 
was re-instated as a member of the 
Parliament; when the Parliament was 
dissolved for the second time by 
President Li Yuan-hung and when 
Chang Hsun was attempting to restore 
the Monarchy, he again followed Dr. 
Sun to Canton with the Chinese Navy 
and started a campaign for the defence 
of the Provisional Constitution ; resumed 
his seat in the Peking Parliament, 
1922; was commissioned by Dr. Sun 
to suppress the revolt of Chen Chiung- 
ming and succeeded in expelling Chen 
from Kwangtung ; commissioned by 
Dr. Sun to organise the Kwangtung 
University: elected a member of the 
Central Executive Committee and 
concurrently Director of the Youth 
Department at the 1st National 
Congress of Kuomintang at Canton, 
1924; after the death of Dr. Sun in 
1925, he advocated the purgation of 
the Communist elements of Kuomintang 
and convened the 4th Plenary Session 
of Kuomintang at the Western Hill in 
Peiping (which is popularly known as 
"Western Hill Conference") at which 
it was decided to expel all Communist 
members from the Kuomintang ; opposed 
by Gen. Chiang Kai-shek and Wang 
Ching-wei for the decision and after 
establishment of the Nationalist 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



Government at Nanking, was forced 
to resign from his posts as member 
of the C.E.C., of the Government 
Council and of the Central Special 
Committee ; toured abroad and visited 
29 countries, studying political economic 
and educational conditions ; participated 
in the Peiping Enlarged Conference of 
Kuomintang and the Northern Military 
Coalition in oppositioin to Gen. Chiang 
Kai-shek ; after collapse of the Coalition, 
he returned to Canton where he with 
other members of the Party organised 
the Extraordinary Session of Kuomin- 
tang and established an Opposition 
Government against Nanking ; upon the 
reconciliation of Canton and Nanking 
in Dec, 1931, he was appointed a 
delegate of Canton at the Shanghai 
Peace Conference ; after the abolition 
of the Canton Government, was 
appointed a state councilor of Nanking 
Government and concurrently Chancellor 
of National Chungshan University at 
Canton which posts he now holds ; in 
addition to these, he is also a member 
of the Southwestern Political Council ; 
author of "A History of the Kuomin- 
tang," "A History of March 29 
"Uprising at Canton," and "Travels in 
29 Countries," and "Chou Lu's Collected 
Essays" ; elected member of the Central 
Committee of the Kuomintang, Nov. 
1935 ; address : National Chungshan 
University, Canton, Kwangtung. 



L. Y. Chow (Chou Lun-yuan) 
n 4k ** $ '}' Mi 

L. Y. CHOW, retired mining eng- 
ineer ; born at Ningpo, Chekiang, 
1890 ; attended the Ningpo Baptist 
Middle School and St. John's 
University, Shanghai, 1907-11 ; went to 
America as a Boxer indemnity student 
and was graduated from Lehigh 
University in 1915 with a degree in 
mining engineering ; after working in 
several mines in America, he returned 
to China in 1915 and joined the Ping- 
hsiang Colliery in Hupeh first as an 
assistant engineer and later mining 
superintendent, 1918-21 ; joined the Far 
East Trading Co., at Shanghai as 
manager of the machinery department, 
1921 ; was appointed chief mining 
engineer of the Fengtien Mining 
Administration at- Pataohao coal mine ; 
no further information has been re- 
ceived since 1921 : 




Chow Pei-cheng (Chou Pei-tseng) 

® %<& 
the Chartered Stock and Produce 
Exchange in Shanghai, 1919 ; elected 
member of the board of directors of 
the Chinese General Chamber of 
Commerce, Shanghai, 1920 ; appointed 
vice-president of the board of finance of 
the Kuomintang party, 1923 ; appointed 
director of the Government Mint of 
Chekiang at Hangchow, 1929, which 
position he held until the beginning of 
1935. 



Chou Lung-kuang 

® It ifc 3= ^ ^ 

CHOU LUNG-KUNG, Government 
official : born at Ting-yuan, Anhwei, 
1884 ; graduate of the Tokyo Imperial 
University with LL.B. degree ; professor 
of Peiping Government University; 
counsellor of the Ministry of Justice ; 
dean and vice-President of the China 
University (Dr. C. T. Wang being 
President) ; director of Department of 
Asiatic Affairs of the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, 1928-30 ; counsellor to 
the Tsingtao Municipal Government, 
Tsingtao, 1931 ; appointed Mayor of 
Tientsin Municipality, October 1931, 
which post he resigned in June, 1933 ; 
Counsellor of the Peiping Political 
Council, since 1933 ; address : the 
Peiping Political Council, Peiping. 



CHOW PEI-CHENG, Government 
official ; born at Nanzing, Chekiang, 
1883 ; passed the literary examinations 
under the Manchu regime, 1901 ; 
director of the bureau of government 
properties of Chekiang, 1917 ; organized 




Ping-wen Tsou (Chou Ping-wen) 

$ %. s: 

PING-WEN TSOU, Government 
official and banker ; born at Canton, 
October 26, 1892, although his ancestral 
home is Soochow ; studied in Canton 
and Peking before going to the United 
States to enter Cook Academy, Montour 
Falls, New York ; was graduated and 
received a B.Sc. degree from Cornell 
University, Ithaca, New York, 1915 ; 
did graduate work on plant pathology 
in Cornell University after graduation 
and upon his return to China, he 
taught this subject in the University 
of Nanking ; he was later appointed 
chief of the Department of Agriculture 
at the National Teachers' College, 
Nanking following which he was made 
dean of the College of Agriculture, 
Southeastern University, Nanking ; 
while holding the latter position he was 
also director of the joint administration 
for Kiangsu education and industry ; 
he organized and called the National 
Agricultural Convention at Tsinan of 
which he was chairman, and was 



elected chairman of the executive 
committee to carry out the resolu 'ons 
of the convention ; he was appointed to 
study and draft plans for development 
of agriculture in Honan, Shensi, Kansu, 
Kwangsi and Kwangtung provinces in 
1928 ; he was appointed by the National 
Government to be one of the experts 
of the Ministry of Industry, Commerce 
and Labour in 1929 and commissioner 
of the Shanghai Bureau of Inspection 
and Testing of Commercial Commod- 
ities, as well as a member of the 
committee to formulate plans for the 
Ministry of Industry; in 1933, he was 
appointed by the National Government 
to one of the standing committees of 
the Cotton Industry Commission of 
the National Economic Council, which 
position he now holds ; he is also a 
special member of the Food Committee 
of the Central Party Headquarters ; 
he joined the Shanghai Commercial 
and Savings Bank in, 1932 in charge 
of the newly organized Agricultural 
Department, and now he is Sub-Manager 
of the Bank ; he is author of "Agricul- 
tural Problems in China" and "Higher 
Botany," a text book published by the 
Commercial Press, Ltd. and pamphlets 
and articles on agricultural science, 
new education, vocational education, 
etc. ; address : Shanghai Commercial 
and Savings Bank, Ningpo Road, 
Shanghai. 




S. Y. Jowe (Chou Shou-yi) 



* - 



S. Y. JOWE, educator; born at 
Kaiping, Liaoning (Fengtien) in 
December, 1899 ; was graduated from 
the College of Foreign Languages, 
Mukden in 1919 ; studied at Meiji 
University, Tokyo in 1920 ; studied 
education at the University of 
California, 1921-23 ; received his B.Sc. 
degree from Oregon State College in 
1923 ; studied sociology and modern 
psychology at the Universities of Illinois 
and Missouri, 1923-24 and received his 
M.A. degree ; chief secretary of the 
Education Department of the Fengtien 
Provincial Government at Mukden, 
1925 ; professor of sociology at North- 
eastern University, Mukden, 1925-28 ; 
dean of the College of Education at 
Northeastern University, 1928-29 ; dean 
of the College of Letters and Arts of 
same University, 1928-29 ; secretary of 
the Political Council for the North- 
eastern Provinces, 1929 ; Commissioner 
of Education for the C.E.R. Special 
Area at Harbin in April, 1930 ; 
last known address : Department of 
Education, Harbin. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



59 



Chou Shu-jen 

CHOU SHOU-JEN (better known 
under his nom de plume, Lu Hsiun), 
fiction writer ; born at ' Shaoshing, 
Chekiang, 1881 ; after having completed 
his Chinese education in China, he 
went to Japan to study medicine at 
the Sendai School of Medicine in 
Tokyo; returned to China in 1917 and 
became an instructor of chemistry and 
biology at a school in Hangchow and 
later principal of the Provincial Middle 
School at Shaohsing ; taught Chinese 
at the Peking Government University 
and was head of the department 
of Chinese studies of the Amoy 
University, Pukien, 1926 ; a forerunner 
and advocate of the literary revolution 
and gained nation-wide reputation by 
his short story writing ; author of the 
following articles and books ; "History 
of Chinese Novels ;" "A Madman's 
Diary (a translation from Japanese)"; 
"The Nei Han Short Stories" ; "The 
Biography of Ah Q" (which i3 the 
best known of his short stories and 
has been translated into many foreign 
languages including the French, English, 
Russian and German) ; he is now 
engaged in authorship in Shanghai. 




Chou Ta-wen 

M A * 

CHOU TA-WEN, former Mayor of 
Peiping Municipality ; born at Wusih, 
Kiangsu, 1896 ; has successively served 
as director of Electrical Affairs 
Department of the Headquarters of 
the Military and Civil Governors of 
Fengtien ; director of Electrical Affairs 
Department of the Headquarters of 
the Inspector-General for the Three 
Eastern Provinces ; superintendent of 
Electrical Administration for Fengtien, 
Kirin and Heilungkiang ; director of 
Electrical Affairs Department of the 
Headquarters of the Commander-in- 
Chief of the Cheng Wei-Chun (Fengtien 
Army) ; director of Electrical Affairs 
Department of the Headquarters of 
Commander-in-Chief of the An-Kuo- 
Chun (National Pacification Army — 
Fengtien) ; director of Electrical Affairs 
Department of the Headquarters of 
the Generalissimo (the late Marshal 
Chang Tso-lin) ; Director of the code 
department of the Headquarters of the 
Peace Preservation Force of the Three 
Eastern Provinces and concurrently 
Superintendent of Electrical Admini- 
stration for Fengtien, Kirin and 
Heilungkiang Provinces ; Director- 
General of the Coal and Iron Mining 
Administration in Fushun ; Mayor of 



Peiping Municipality and concurrently 
Director of the Kailan Mining Admini- 
stration, which posts he resigned in 
June, 1933. 



Teng-hiok Chiu (Chou Ting-hsu) 

TENG HIOK CHIU, artist; born at 
Amoy, Fukien in 1903 ; studied at the 
Tientsin Anglo-Chinese College, 1916-19 ; 
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Mass., 
1920-23; University College, London 
University, 1924-25 ; Royal Academy of 
Arts, London, 1925-29 ; elected associate 
member of the Royal Society of British 
Artists, London in 1926 (A.R.B.A.) ; 
he has exhibited his works at : the 
Canadian National Exhibition, Toronto ; 
Arts Exhibitions, Boston and New 
York ; Paris Salon, Paris ; Royal 
Academy Exhibition, Stockholm ; Royal 
Academy Exhibition, London ; Royal 
Scottish Academy, Edinburgh ; City 
Arts Gallery, Glasgow; Walker Gallery, 
Liverpool ; also at art galleries in 
Bradford, Brighton, Huddersfield, Hull, 
Leeds, Manchester, Oldham, Plymouth, 
etc. ; he has won the following prizes : 
Landseer Prize (best work of 1925), 
1925; CreswicTc Prize (Landscape), 
1926; Figure Painting (Nude), 1926; 
Armitage Prize (Composition), 1928; 
Turner Prize and Gold Medal, 1929 ; 
R.A. Brone Medal, twice won ; R.A. 
Silver Medal, twice won ; R.A. Silver 
Medal, four times won ; Gold Medal, 
won once ; he toured Europe in 1931, 
spending most of his time in London ; 
he is now engaged in art work in 
Shanghai. 



CHOU TSE-CHUN, Government 
official ; native of Hupeh ; received the 
Chu-Jen degree under the Manchu 
Regime ; Doctor of Laws from 
Berlin University, Germany ; assisted 
Dr. Sun Yat-sen in organising the 
Tungmenghui (predecessor of Kuomin- 
tang) in Europe; served in the Foreign 
Affairs Office and the Law Codification 
Bureau and the War Office under the 
Manchu Rule; appointed in 1911 by 
Dr. Sun Yat-sen as Commissioner for 
Foreign Affairs of Shantung ; Chief 
Procurator of the Supreme Court at 
Peking ; President of the Metropolitan 
District Court (Peking) ; member of 
the Revenue Readjustment Committee 
of the Ministry of Finance; professor 
of law at Peking National University 
and Peking Law College ; Special Com- 
missioner for Foreign Affairs in Sze- 
chuen ; secretary and concurrently Coun- 
sellor of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs ; 
received the rank of Expectant Minister 




Chou Tse-chun 
$ % & 

Plenipotentiary; Foreign Affairs In- 
spector for the Provinces of Anhwei, 
Kiangsi, Hupeh, Hunan and Szechuen ; 
now, member of the Treaty Revision 
Commission of the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs ; address : Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, Nanking. 




Tsow Tso-hua (Chou Tso-huai 

sp ft #■ 

TSOW TSO-HUA, army officer; 
born in Kirin, 1893 ; received his preli- 
minary military training in China and 
later was graduated from the Japanese 
Military Officers' College in Tokyo; 
after his return to China from Japan, 
he has been in the service of the 
Fengtien Army, having participated in 
all the important wars fought between 
Fengtien and Chihli and other factions 
during the last ten years ; he has 
always been associated with the artillery 
corps of the Fengtien Army and at 
one time was commander of the Corps; 
in 1927, he was ordered to lead his 
troops to Hinan district in Inner 
Mongolia to carry on reclamation work 
and was later appointed Tupan of 
the District, while in the meantime 
retaining his post as Inspector-General 
of the Manchurian Artillery Corps with 
the rank of full-general ; toured Europe 
and America to study reclamation 
projects in the interest of his district 
in 1930 ; returned to China shortly 
after the occupation of Mukden by the 
Japanese troops in September 19S1 ; 



60 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



he is now a member of the Peiping 
Military Affairs Commission ; address : 
Peiping Military Affairs Commission, 
Peiping. 



Chou Tso-jen 

CHOU TSO-JEN, writer and uni- 
versity professor ; born at Shaoshing, 
Chekiang, 1887 ; studied Chinese and 
Western literatures and possesses an 
extensive knowledge of both ; taught 
Chinese at the Peking Government 
University for many years ; contributed 
articles and essays to La Jeunesse 
(New Youth) journal at Peking and 
became well-known as a writer ; 
translator and compiler of many best 
stories from Japan and European coun- 
tries ; last known address : c/o Peking 
Government University, Peiping. 



Chou Ya-wei 

m mat 



CHOU YA-WEI, military officer; 
born at Chenghsien, Chekiang, 1889 ; 
was graduated first from the Peking 
Military College and later from the 
Japanese Military Staff College at Tokyo 
director-general of military training of 
the Inspectorate-General of Military 
Training, 1930 ; now assistant director 
of the First Department of the Military 
Affairs Commission ; address : Military 
Affairs Commission, Nanking. 




Chow Tso-ming (Chou Tso-ming) 

M 4? ft 

CHOW TSO-MING, banker; born at 
Huaian, Kiangsu, 1882 ; studied at 
Nanyang College in Shanghai and later 
received his advanced education in 
Japan ; served in f.ie Ministry of 
Finance and was appointed chief of the 
treasury department of the Ministry ; 
joined the Bank of Communications, 
1916 ; managing director of the 
Kincheng Banking Corporation, since 
1918 ; member of the National Finance 
Discussion Conference, 1922 ; he was 
responsible for the organization of 
the Joint Savings Society of the 
Kincheng Banking Corporation, the 
Salt Industrial Bank, China and the 
South Seas Bank and Continental Bank 
with its headquarters at Shanghai, 
1923 ; address : Kincheng Banking 
Corporation, 100 Victoria Road, Tientsin. 




Chow Tsu-chen (Chou Tsu-shen) 

n *&• 

CHOW TSU-CHEN, judge; born at 
Shaoshing, Chekiang, 1886 ; was gradua- 
ted from a law college in Japan ; after 
his return to China, he served as 
professor in the Chekiang Law Univer- 
sity, the Republican Law University in 
Hangchow and the Institute of Law and 
Commerce of Chihli ; in judicial service, 
he successively was judge of the First 
District Court of Chekiang ; judge of 
the High Court of Chekiang, Kiangsu, 
and Honan ; procurator of the High 
Procuratorate of Chekiang ; chief pro- 
curator of the Procuratorate of Ching 
Hua District in Chekiang ; judge of the 
Changsha Local Court ; presiding judge 
of the High Court of Hopei Province ; 
chief judge of the District Court of 
Tientsin. 




T. T. Eugene Tseu (Chou Yu-chin) 

$ & Ik 

T. T. EUGENE TSEU, educator and 
writer ; born at Huchow, Chekiang, 
1882 ; received his early education at 
home in Chinese classics, Chinese 
history, and other subjects ; in 1901, 
when he was twenty, he passed the 
literary examinations for the degree 
of Hsiu-ts'ai ; later passed the examina- 
tions for salaried licentiate, 1902 ; after 
that year, he began his study of the 
English language and other Western 
subjects ; made friends with the 
Americans in his native city, from 
whom he learned much in the science 
and arts as taught in American schools 
and colleges ; taught in the Virginia 
School, Huchow, (founded by the 



Southern Methodist Church,) 1904-16; 
during the latter part of that period, 
he also held various positions at his 
native city, such as principal of Liu 
Yin Commercial School and secretary 
of the agricultural association ; when 
the School of English of the Commercial 
'Press Correspondence Schools was 
established in 1916, he joined The 
Commercial Press as a member of the 
English editorial department; appointed 
editor-in-chief of the English Weekly, 
a magazine published by Commercial 
Press since 1918 ; and a few months 
later he was appointed concurrently 
business manager of the Correspondence 
Schools ; during this time he was 
responsible for the establishment of 
the School of Mathematics of the 
Company ; succeeded his brother as 
dean of Shanghai University in 
1925 ; professor of English at the 
College of Arts and Science, Shanghai, 
in 1926; professor of English at the 
China Institute at Woosung in 1931 ; 
served on the executive committee of 
the Huchow Association from 1924 to 
1933, and in 1927 was chosen by the 
Association principal of the Huchow 
Academy at Shanghai, but resigned 
in 1932 ; on the reopening of 
the Commercial Press Correspondence 
Schools and the republishing of the 
English Weekly in the fall of 1932, 
after a suspension of half a year 
as a result of the Japanese invasion 
of Chapei, Shanghai, he was again 
appointed business manager and regis- 
trar of the schools and editor-in- 
chief of the periodical, which positions 
he still holds . at present ; author and 
translator of many books including, 
"Specimens of Short Essays" and 
"An Outline of English Phonetics" ; 
he is widely known for his expert 
Chinese calligraphy ; address : English 
Weekly, 829-831 Seymour Road, 
Shanghai. 




Tseu Ylh-zan (Chou Yueh-Jan) 



TSEU YIH-ZAN, educator and 
author; born at Huchow, Chekiang, 
1885 ; received his early education at 
home after which he attended Memphis 
Academy, Huchow, and Futan College, 
Shanghai ; received his Chinese degree 
of Hsiu Tsai in 1903 ; received 
an honorary degree of B.A. from 
Futan University in 1921 ; in the course 
of his career he has held the following 
positions : instructor of English, 
Provincial College, Soochow, Kiangsu; 
professor of English, Provincial 
College, Anking, Anhwei ; professor of 
English, National Institute, Shanghai ; 
dean of English, Government Normal 
College, Nanking ; he is at present 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



61 



Dean of English Course, Commercial 
Press Correspondence Schools, Com- 
mercial Press, Ltd., Shanghai ; author 
of • books and articles in both English 
and Chinese, the best known of which 
is "Model English Readers"-; he often 
contributes articles on ancient Chinese 
books to "The Crystal," a daily in 
Shanghai ; he has a good collection of 
books printed in the Sung, Yuen, early 
Ming and early Ching dynasties ; he 
is married and has two sons and four 
daughters; address: (1) c/o The 
Commercial Press, Honan Road, 
Shanghai; (2) 831 Seymour Road, 
Shanghai ; or No. 86, Lane 835, 
Seymour Road, Shanghai. 



Yunchung Carl Tseo (Chou Yun-chung) 

YUNCHUNG CARL TSEO, lawyer 
and professor. 
(See Page 24, 4th Edition Supplement). 




Chou Yung-nlen 

ft *- 4 £ $ i£ 

Chou Yung-nien, army officer; born 
at Tungyang, Chekiang, 1899 ; was 
graduated from the Department of 
Electric Engineering of the Cheking 
Provincial Technical College at Hang- 
chow ; served as an engineer and 
instructor at the Whampoa Military 
and Political Institute, 1926 ; after 
successive promotions, he was appointed 
a technical expert of the Planning 
Section of the Military Communications 
Department of" the Ministry of War, 
1930 ; transferred as Director of the 
Communications Department of the He- 
adquarters of the Commander-in-Chief 
of the Bandit Suppression Forces for the 
Border Districts of Kiangsi, Kwangtung 
and Fukien, 1932 ; promoted Director of 
the Communications Department of the 
Provisional Headquarters of the Pre- 
sident of the Military Affairs Commission 
at Nanchang, in 1933 and concurrently 
Director of the Broadcasting Station of 
the Nanchang Provisional Headquarters 
and also Director of the Communications 
Department of the Headquarters of the 
Commander-in-Chief of the Northern 
Route Bandit-suppression Forces for the 
provinces of Kiangsi, Kwangtung, 
Fukien," Hunan, and Hupeh ; promoted 
Director of the Communications 
Department of the Headquarters of the 
Pacification Commissioner of Kiangsi in 
1934 and now concurrently Director of 
the Communications Department of the 
Provisional Headquarters of the Pre- 



sident of the Military Affairs Commission 
at Chungking and Director of the 
Training Institute of Radio Engineers 
of the Provisional Headquarters ; address : 
Communications Department, Provi- 
sional Headquarters of the President 
of the Military Affairs Commission, 
Chungking, Szechuan. 




Chou Yung-nung 



_ Chou Yung-nung, Government offi- 
cial ; born at Poyang District, Kiangsi, 
1895 ; received his early education at 
the Kiangsi Military Institute and later 
at the National Peking University, 
Peiping ; pursued advanced study on 
municipal government in the Univer- 
sity of Chicago ; while in the United 
States, he served as chief representative 
of the Kuomintang Party stationed there 
and in Cuba ; served as secretary to 
Dr. Sun Yat-sen after returning to 
China and later as Commander of the 
First Brigade in the Generalissimo's 
Headquarters at Canton ; Commander 
of Kiangsi Defense Army ; secretary and 
concurrently chief, Secretariat Division, 
Commander-in-Chief's Headquarters 

during the 1926 Northern Punitive 
Expedition ; Superintendent of Customs 
at Kiukiang and concurrently Special 
Commissioner of Foreign Affairs of 
Kiangsi, taking charge of the affairs 
in connection with the retrocession of 
the former British Concession at Kiu- 
kiang ; later was successively appointed 
member of the Kiangsi Provincial 
Government and concurrently Commis- 
sioner of Finance; Director of the 
Bureau of Finance of the Special 
Municipial Government of Nanking ; 
member of the Anhwei Provincial 
Government and concurrently Commis- 
sioner of Finance ; Secretary-General 
of the City Government of Greater 
Shanghai ; now Director of the De- 
partment of Ressarch and Investigation 
of the Peiping Political Council under 
the Exective Yuan ; author of several 
books on local government ; address : 
c/o Peiping Political Council, Peiping. 



Chu Chang-en 

£. * * $ m m 

CHU CHANG-EN, army officer. 
(See Page 103, 4th Edition.). 



Chu Chao-hsin 

£>*.#$- •"* 

CHU CHAO-HSIN, diplomatic offi- 
cial. Deceased (1880-1933). 
(See Page 104, 4th Edition). 




Chu Cheng 
Jh SL % % . £. 

CHU CHENG, President of Judicial 
Yuan ; born at Kwangchih district, 
Hupeh, 1876 ; after having received his 
Chinese classical education in China, he 
went to Japan where he was graduated 
from the Japanese Law College at 
Tokyo; joined the Tungmenghui, 
predecessor of the Kuomintang Party, 
while studying in Japan ; after gra- 
duation, he first served as an editor 
of the Chun Hsin Daily News at 
Singapore and soon proceeded to 
Rangoon, Burma, where he founded 
and became chief editor of the Kwang 
Hua Daily News; was engaged in 
revolutionary activities in the Yangtsze 
Provinces after return to China ; 
organized a Revolutionary Army in 
Wuchang and Hankow, when he 
responded to the Revolutionary Uprising 
at Canton that spring ; after the 
outbreak of the Revolution in Wuhan 
Cities, he was appointed a secretary 
of the Military Government at Wuchang 
and was shortly' elected representative 
of Hupeh province to Nanking to 
organise the Nanking Provisional 
Government, of which he was appointed 
vice-Minister and acting Minister of 
Interior upon its establishment at 
Nanking, 1912 ; elected a member of 
the Senate of the Parliament at 
Peking, 1913 and became Commander 
of Woosung Forts upon the outbreak 
of the Second Revolution against Yuan 
Shih-kai who betrayed the country 
and attempted to become Emperor of 
China ; director of party affairs of 
the Chun Hua Revolutionary Party, 
1914-18; Commander-in-Chief of the 
Northeastern Revolutionary Forces, 
1916 ; vice-Minister of Interior in the 
Headquarters of the Generalissimo and 
member of the Constitution Drafting 
Committee, 1917 ; director of admini- 
strative affairs of the Kuomintang 
Party, 1919-22; councillor to the Office 
of the President, Canton Revolutionary 
Government, 1921 _; Minister of Interior, 
Canton Revolutionary Government, 
1921 ; councillor of the Kuomintang 
Party, 1923 ; member of Central 
Executive Committee of Kuomintang, 
1924 ; state councillor of National 
Government, 1927 ; member of C.E.C. 
of Kuomintang and concurrently 
member of the Standing Committes of 
the C.E.C. ; member of the Central 
Political Council, President of the 
Judicial Yuan since 1932 ; concurrently 
President of Supreme Court, in 1932 ; 
and Minister of Justice in 1934 ; 
address : Judicial Yuan, National 
Government, Nanking. 



62 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



Chu Chi 

*.* 3= 4 A 

CHU CHI, journalist and writer. 
(See Page 106, 4th Edition). 




Chu Chi-chin 
%.&#? 

CHU CHI-CHIN, retired Govern- 
-tnent official ; born in Kweichow ; 
director-general of Mongolian affairs, 
1907 ; adviser to the Vicerory of 
Manchuria ; won confidence of Yuan 
Shih-kai and was appointed Minister 
of Communications, 1912; was 
appointed acting Prime Minister, but 
did not assume the post, 1913 ; Minister 
of Interior, 1914-16 ; played leading 
part in Yuan Shih-kai's monarchical 
movement and was ordered arrested 
after Yuan's death, 1916 ; pardoned by 
a presidential mandate, 1918 ; chief 
delegate of the Peiping Government 
to the internal peace conference at 
Shanghai, 1919 ; special envoy of 
President Hsu Shih-chang to France 
to receive the honorary doctor's degree 
conferred upon President Hsu by the 
University of Paris, 1921 ; president of 
the Chung Hsing Mining Company at 
Tientsin since 1921. 



ernment and concurrently Commissioner 
of Civil Affairs ; member of the Central 
Executive Committee of Kuomintang, 
member of Chekiang Provincial Kuomin- 
tang Headquarters, member of the 
Central Political Council, member of 
the Chekiang Provincial Government 
and concurrently Commissioner of Civil 
Affairs for Chekiang ; vice-president and 
later President of Chung Shan Univer- 
sity at Canton, Kwangtung; President 
of Central University, Nanking, 1931 ; 
Minister of Education, 1932-33 ; Minister 
of Communications, 1933-35 ; member 
of the Central Executive Committee of 
Kuomintang ; chairman of British Boxer 
Indemnity Refund Committee, since 1931 ; 
Chairman of the Communications 
Committee of the Central Political 
Council since Dec. 1935. 






Dr. Chu Chla-hua 

y^. &* *f -J- .gS ^j 

CHU CHIA-HUA, Government offic- 
ial; born at Huchow, Chekiang in 
1892 ; Doctor of Philosophy of Berlin 
University, Germany ; professor of 
Physics at the Peking University ; 
member of Kwangtung Provincial Gov- 



Gen. Chu Ching-lan 

&£«*** 

GEN. CHU CHING-LAN, public 
welfare worker ; native of Shaoshing, 
Chekiang; born in 1873 and brought 
up in Shantung ; served under the 
Manchu Regime as Commander of 
the 17th Army and Inspector-General 
of Heilungkiang ; Civil Governor of 
Kwangtung, 1916 ; Commander-in-Chief 
of the Chinese Eastern Railway Defence 
Guards and concurrently Chief Civil 
Administrator of the Harbin Special 
Area, 1921 ; Director of Kiaochow Port 
Affairs (Tsingtao), 1923; in recent 
years, he has devoted himself to famine 
relief work in the country and served 
as a member of the National Famine 
Relief Commission since 1930 ; during 
the great flood in 1931, he was a 
member of the National Flood Relief 
Commission in charge of the relief 
work in the flooded areas and directed 
the construction of the famous 100,000 
Mile Embankment along the Yangtsze 
River ; a philanthropist and energetic 
welfare worker, well-known among both 
Chinese and foreigners for the integrity 
of his character and personality ; since 
the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 
Sept. 1931, he has interested himself in 
organizing and raising subscriptions for 
the Chinese Volunteers in Manchuria 
to oppose Japanese aggression and 
was nominally Commander-in-Chief of 
these Forces ; address : The National 
Famine Relief Commission, Nanking. 



KING CHU, educator and Govern- 
ment official ; born at Pukiang, 
Chekiang, 1886 ; being an orphan at 
nine, he was under the care of and 
received his early education from his 
uncle at Changsha, Hunan ; at 15, he 
attended the Changsha Middle School ; 



King Chu (Chu Ching-lung) 

#- M J. 

at 16, he was sent to Japan to study 
first in Gobun Academy, and then in 
Seijo Middle School, Tokyo ; however 
before completing his studies, he 
returned to China and enrolled in the 
China National Institute, Shanghai ; 
while in Japan, he joined the 
revolutionary organization under Dr. 
Sun Yat-sen's leadership ; in 1911, 
he participated in the revolutionary 
propaganda at Changsha; after estab- 
lishment of the Republic, he served 
as editor of the National Herald in 
Peking and various other papers ; 
went to America in 1916 and studied 
in the George Washington University 
where he received his B.A. and M.A. 
degrees in 1919 ; post-graduate work 
at Columbia University, 1920 ; secre- 
tary to the Chinese educational 
mission, Washington, D.C., 1916-20 ; 
returning to China in 1920, he was 
appointed professor of education at 
the Peking Government University, 1922 ; 
editor of the Commercial Press, 1928 ; 
head of the Chinese department of 
Shanghai Baptist College, 1924-25 ; dean 
of Kwanghua University, Shanghai, 
1925-26 and vice-President, since 1926 ; 
commissioner of education of the 
Special Municipality of Shanghai, 1927 ; 
director of elementary and secondary 
education of the Ministry of Education, 
1928-30; vice-Minister of Education, 
1930, which position he resigned in 
December 1930 ; President of Cheeloo 
University, Tsinan, Shantung, 1931-32 ; 
Commissioner of Education of Hunan 
since 1932 ; Editor of text-books 
"Contemporary Educational Series" and 
the "Encyclopedia of Education" in 
Chinese; Department of Education, 
Hunan Provincial Government Chang- 
sha, Hunan. 



JENNINGS P. CHU, statistician 
and Government official ; born 1893 ; 
native of Chiang-Shang, Chekiang ; 
studied at Tsinghua College, Peking, 
1911-16 and was graduated; sent to 
America 1916 and received his A.B. 
degree from Johns Hopkins University, 
1918 ; post graduate student, 1918-19 ; 
studied at Teachers College, Columbia 
University, 1919-22, and received his 
A.M. degree in 1920 and Ph.D. degree, 
1922 ; research scholar at Teachers 
College, 1921-22 ; lecturer in Chinese 
at New York University, 1920-22 ; 
elected to Kappa Delta Pi (national 
educational fraternity) 1922; travelled 
and studied educational conditions in 
Europe, summer, 1922 ; returned to 
China and became professor and dean 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



63 




Jennings P. Chu (Chu Chun-yi) 



£.# 



of the National Southeastern University 
and dean of the Kiangsu First Girls 
Normal School, 1922-25 ; professor and 
head of the Department of Education 
and Psychology of Tsinghua University, 
Peking, 1925-28 and concurrently 
lecturer at the Peiping National 
University and at the Peking National 
Normal University, 1927-28 ; professor 
and head of the Department of 
Educational Psychology, Amoy Univer- 
sity, 1928-32, and concurrently University 
Secretary, 1930-32 ; was twice appointed 
associate examiner of the National 
Higher Civil Service Examination, held 
in Nanking in 1931 and 1933 ; from 
June, 1932 to January 1933, he was 
Director of the Bureau of Compilation 
of the Legislative Yuan ; since December 
1933 he has been one of the Directors 
of the Directorate-General of Budgets, 
Accounts and Statistics and concurrently 
Co-Director of the Directorate of 
Statistics of the National Government ; 
and also professor of the School 
of Accounting and Statistics, Central 
Political Institute, Nanking. Author ; 
"Chinese Students in America ; Qualities 
Associated with Their Success," 
(doctor's dissertation in English) ; 
"Eduational Statistics" ; "Educational 
Measurement and Statistics" ; "Element- 
ary Educational Psychology" ; "The 
Geographical Distribution of Chinese 
Historical Personages" ; "Statistical 
and Measurement Terms in English 
and Chinese" ; "The Chinese Normal 
School System" ; translator, L. L. 
Thurston's "The Fundamentals of 
Statistics" ; Henry E. Garrett's "Sta- 
tistics, in Psychology and Education" ; 
Co-translator, E. L. Thorndike's "Adult 
Learning" ; A. I. Gate's "Elementary 
Psychology"; address: Directorate of 
Statistics, National Government, Nan- 
king. 



LOUIS NGAO-SIANG TCHOU, di- 
plomatic official ; born at Paoshan, 
Kiangsu in 1891 ; studied at the middle 
school of College l'Aurore of Zikawei, 
Shanghai, 1904-07 and was graduated at 
the head of his class ; studied law and 
political science at the University of 
Louvain, Belgium, 1908-14 and received 
the degrees of A.B., M.A. and Doctor of 
Political Science and Diplomacy ; his 
thesis was "Le Regime des Capitulations 
et la Reforme Constitutionnelle en 
Chine" ; returned to China in 1915 and 
was appointed attache of the Bureau of 
Councillors in the Waichiaopu (Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs) ; attache in the 
commercial department, 1916 ; secretary 





Louis Ngao-siang Tchou (Chu Hao-hsiang) 

4l n, m 

of the Waichiaopu, 1917-24 ; professor 
of law in the Government University 
of Peking, 1916-20 ; served on the 
German and Austrian Peace treaties 
commission and on the commission to 
study the League of Nations Covenant, 

1919 ; commission to study the Versailles 
Treaty, 1920 ; commission to study the 
retrocession of consular jurisdiction, 

1920 ; Russian affairs commission, 1920 ; 
commissfcn to study the revision of 
commercial treaties, 1921 ; appointed 
acting councillor of the Waichiaopu, 

1921 ; councillor on Sino-Russian 
negotiations, 1923 ; received the rank 
of Chien Jen, 1924, appointed full 
councillor of the Waichiaopu, 1924 ; 
member of the commission on Sino- 
Russian treaty negotiations, 1924 ; 
served at the Customs Conference, 
1925 ; given the rank of Minister 
Plenipotentiary, 1924 ; director of the 
political department of the Waichiaopu, 
1927-28 ; acting Minister of Foreign 
Affairs, 1928 ; became councillor to 
Gen. Yen Hsi-shan and promoted to 
diplomatic councillor in Gen Yen's 
Headquarters of \he Commander-in-Chief 
of the Garrison Forces in Peiping and 
Tientsin, 1928 ; appointed director of 
Foreign Affairs in the Northern 
Coalition Government, April, 1930, 
which position he held up to Oct. 1930 ; 
appointed Councillor to the Chinese 
Assessor's Office, the Commission of 
Inquiry of the League of Nations, 
March, 1932 ; appointed Counsellor to 
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, April, 
1932 and concurrently acting Director of 
the Department of International Affairs 
of the same Ministry, June, 1932 ; 
Director of the Department of Interna- 
tional Affairs of the same Ministry, 
Nov., 1932-May, 1935. ; Chinese Minister 
to Belgium, since May, 1935 ; address : 
Chinese Legation, Brussels, Belgium. 



Chu Hsi-tsu 

jSJL #r &. 

CHU HSI-TSU, university professor; 
born at Haiyen, Chekiang, 1879 ; was 
graduated from Waseda University, 
Japan ; professor and dean of the School 
of Chinese Studies of the Peking 
Government University, 1916-26; now 
professor of history at the Tsinghua 
University, Peiping and concurrently 
research fellow of the Academia Sinica, 
Nanking; address: Department of His- 
tory, Tsinghua University, Peiping. 




Chu Hsing-yuan 

#1 & 3b $ *& V& 

CHU HSING-YUAN, retired Gov- 
ernment official ; born at Tahsin, 
Peking, 1880; was graduated from the 
Peking Imperial University with the 
degree of Chu Jen ; studied in Japan 
for two years ; senior secretary of the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1912-13 ; 
first secretary of the Chinese Legation 
at Wuchang, 1918-20 ; lecturer on 
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 
1918 ; secretary to the Ministry of 
Communications, 1919 ; commissioner 
for foreign affairs for Chihli, 1920 
and 1925-26. 




Co-ching Chu (Chu K'e-cheng) 

£ T # 

CO-CHING CHU, scientist and 
university professor ; born at Shaohsing, 
Chekiang, 1890 ; after having completed 
his early education at Ching Chong 
Middle School and Futan College Middle 
School at Shanghai, he attended 
the Tangshan Engineering College in 
Chihli ; went to America on a Boxer 
indemnity scholarship and entered the 
University of Illinois in 1910, receiving 
his B.Sc. degree in 1913 ; was awarded 
the Emerson scholarship at Harvard 
University in 1917 and received his 
Ph.D. degree from department of 
geology and geography of the university 
in 1918, his thesis being "The Typhoons 
of the Pacific Ocean" ; upon returning 
to China, he was appointed lecturer 
on meteorology and physical geography 
in the Government Teachers' College 
at Wuchang, 1918-20 ; lecturer on 



64 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



climatology and meteorology in the 
National Southeastern University and 
dean of the department of geology and 
geography, 1921-24 ; member of the 
board of directors of the Science Society 
of China ; fellow of the American 
Geographical Society (elected 1917) ; 
co-translator of Prof. A.J. Thomson's 
"Outline of Science" (Commercial 
Press, Shanghai, 1928) ; author of 
"Rainfall Distribution in China" 
(Monthly Weather Review, Washington, 
D. C. 1916) ; "Chinese Contribution to 
Meteorology" (Geographical Review 
New York, 1917) ; "Climatic Pulsations 
during Historic Times in China" 
( Geographical Review, 1925 ) etc. ; 
Chinese delegate to the Third (Tokyo, 
Japan, 1926) fourth (Batavia, Java, 
1929) and fifth (Vancouver, Canada, 
1932) Pacific Science Congresses; Di- 
rector of National Research Institute of 
Meteorology, since 1928 ; address : 
National Research Institute of Meteoro- 
logy, Nanking. 



Chu Lu-ho 

CHU LU-HO, Government official; 
born at Kashing, Chekiang, 1884 ; 
received his advanced education in 
England ; served as secretary of the 
Customs Tariff Revision Conference, 
Peiping and the Commission on 
Extraterritoriality, Peiping ; department 
director of the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, 1927-28 ; political vice-Minister 
and later acting Minister of Judicial 
Administration, 1928-30 ; member of 
the Legislative Yuan since 1930 ; 
address : Legislative Yuan, Nanking. 




Chu Min-yl 
# *,* 

CHU MIN-YI, Government official; 
born at Nanzing, Chekiang, 1884 ; 
went to Japan in 1903 and studied 
political science and economics at a 
Japanese college ; travelled to Europe 
with Chang Chin-kiang in 1908 and 
joined the Tung Ming Hui at 
Singapore ; while in France, he and 
Tsai Yuan-pei, Wu Chih-hui and Li 
Shih-tseng established the World 
Pictorial News and the New Century 
to assist in the cause of the Chinese 
Revolution ; returned to China shortly 
after the outbreak of the World War 
to undertake revolutionary work, but 
after a few years, again went to Paris, 
where he studied medicine and later 
histology at Strasbourg University, 
obtaining the degree of doctor of 
medicine and B.A. of pharmacy ; assisted 
in the establishment of Universite de 



Lyons in 1921 and served as its vice- 
president for one year ; returned to 
China in 1924 and was appointed 
vice-President of the University of 
Kwangtung, 1925 ; elected reserve 
member of the Central Executive 
Committee of Kuomintang, 1925 ; head 
of the medical corps in the Northern 
Punitive Expedition 1926, and followed 
the army through Kiangsi, Hunan, 
Hupeh, Anhwei, Chekiang and Kiangsu 
provinces ; President of the Institut 
Technique Franco-Chinois at Shanghai, 
1927 ; elected member of the Central 
Executive Committee of Kuomintang, 
1927 ; commissioned by the Nationalist 
Government to go to Europe in 1928 
to study public health matters and 
upon return to China, was appointed 
chairman of the National Sanitation 
Reconstruction Commission and member 
of the University Council of the 
Ministry of Education ; appointed 
Chinese commissioner-general to the 
Siege Exhibition, Belgium, 1930 and 
was received in audience by Crown 
Prince Leopold at Brussels, Oct. 17, 
1930; returned to China, Dec. 1930; 
Chief Secretary of the Executive 
Yuan, 1932-35. 




M. Thomas Tchou (Chu Mo-cheng) 

£ & afc- 

M. THOMAS TCHOU, social welfare 
worker ; born at Tzechow, Szechuen 
in 1895 ; went to Europe in 1908 and 
studied in Belgium, England and 
Germany ; studied at the University of 
Glasgow in 1911 and was graduated 
in 1916 with two B.Sc. degrees, one 
in naval architecture and one in 
mechanical and civil engineering ; 
returned to China in 1916 and became 
mechanical engineer in the industrial 
research bureau of Szechuen ; adviser 
to the Government arsenal at Chengtu 
and later professor of mechanical 
engineering and English in various 
colleges at Chengtu, Changsha and 
Ningpo ; he became executive secretary 
of the industrial department of the 
Y.M.C.A. at the request of the National 
Committee Y.M.C.A. in 1921 and in 
this capacity made a through study 
of Chinese labor conditions and started 
a series of efforts to bring about a 
reform ; helped establish industrial 
departments in 14 city Y.M.C.A.'s in 
China ; made a tour of the world in 
1923 under the direction of the National 
Committee Y.M.C.A. to investigate labor 
conditions and organizations in Europe 
and America and as a result he 
became an ardent advocate of protective 
social legislation, education of workers, 
the cooperative movement and the 
improvement of the housing and social 



conditions of the working class ; made 
labor manager of the Commercial 
Press, Shanghai in 1927 ; appointed 
secretary of English, French and 
German in Gen. Chiang Kai-shek's 
headquarters and made a colonel in 
the National Army in 1928 and rendered 
conspicuous service in putting China's 
side of the Tsinan Incident before 
the world ; appointed director of the 
department of labor in the Ministry 
of Industry, Commerce and Labor in 
1928 ; he was China's chief delegate to 
the 12th session of the International 
Labor Conference at Geneva in 1929 
where he aroused sympathy among 
the 31 nations represented over China's 
demand that industries carried on by 
foreign nationals in China who enjoyed 
extraterritorial privileges should be 
subject to China's labor laws;, he was 
again named a delegate to the 14th 
session of the International Labor 
Conference at Geneva in June, 1930 
and also China's chief delegate to the 
World Power Conference at Berlin the 
same month ; he is founder of the 
workers' model village in Pootung, 
Shanghai and organizer and first 
general secretary of the Officers' Moral 
Endeavor Association at Nanking ; 
besides this he served as director of 
the department of labor in the Ministry 
of Industry, Commerce and Labor and 
a member of the projects commission 
and legal commission of the same 
Ministry ; technical expert attached to 
Dr. H. H. Kung's Industrial Mission 
to Europe and America, 1932-33 ; 
g-eneral secretary of the Association 
for Economic and Social Advancement 
in Shanghai and member of the 
Rickshaw Board of the Shanghai 
Municipal Council, since 1934 ; address : 
Rickshaw Road, Shanghai Municipal 
Council, Shanghai. 



P. N. Tsu (Chu Pao-yuan) 

£•# *. 

P. N. TSU, Christian preacher; born 
at Shanghai, 1870 ; was graduated from 
St. Johns University, Shanghai, 1900 ; 
received M. A. degree from Columbia 
University, 1914 ; given the degree 
of D. D. by St. Johns University, 1923 ; 
pastor of the Church of Our Savior in 
Shanghai for the past three decades; 
author of several books on Christain 
religion and "Geography of China;" 
address: Church of Our Savior, Shang- 
hai. 




Chu Pei-teh 

4 * * £ Ji *- 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



65 



CHU PEI-TEH, Government official; 
born at Anning, Yunnan, 1888 ; was 
graduated from the Yunnan Military 
School ; Commander-in-Chief of the 
Yunnan Army in 1921 ; chief councillor 
to Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Generalissimo's 
Headquarters at Canton, 1923 ; com- 
mander of the Chien Kuo Chun Army, 
1924 ; upon establishment of the 
Nationalist Government at Canton in 
1925, he was elected member of 
the Central Executive Committee and 
member of the Central Political Council 
at the second National Congress of 
Kuomintang at Canton, 1926 ; upon 
inauguration of the Northern Punitive 
Expedition in 1926, he was appointed 
commander of 3rd Nationalist Army ; 
Chairman of the Kiangsi Provincial 
Government and concurrently Com- 
mander of the 5th Route Army, 1927 ; 
Field-Commander of the Nationalist 
1st Group Army, 1928 ; re-elected 
member of the Central Executive 
Committee of Kuomintang at the 3rd 
National Congress, March, 1929 ; 
member of the Government Council and 
Chief of General Staff, 1929-31 ; director 
of the Military Council, since 1932 ; 
Inspector-General of Military Training, 
1933-35 ; acting Chief of General Staff 
since 1935 ; address : General Staff Board, 
Nanking. 




Bin-yuan Chu (Chu Ping-yuan) 

& m *b 

BIN-YUAN CHU, Government 
official; born at Changsha, Hunan in 
1894 ; was graduated from Tsing Hua 
College and sent to America to study 
finance and banking ; attended Wesleyan 
University at Middleton, Conn., 1916-18 
and received his B.Sc. degree ; studied 
business and social science at Columbia 
University, 1919-20 and received his 
M.A. degree; wrote his thesis on 
"Investment Banking in the United 
States" ; after completing his studies 
he joined the Wah Chang Trading 
Corp. in New York and in 1921 was 
sent to Shanghai as assistant secretary 
of the company ; late in the same year 
he joined the Industrial and Commercial 
Bank as assistant manager ; from 
1924-28 he was head of the department 
of economics, Tsing Hua University 
and lecturer on business administration 
and foreign trade, Yenching University ; 
from 1928 to date ; division chief. 
Bureau of. Statistics, Legislative Yuan ; 
professor on industrial economics and 
foreign exchange, National Central 
University ; member of statistical 
committee, Ministry of Agriculture and 
Mining; director of the Chinese 
Economic Society and the China 
statistical association ; author of "Some 



Aspects of Foreign Exchange and 
Silver" ; "The Trust Company in 
China" ; "A Study of China's National 
Finance During the Last 20 Years" ; 
"A Proposal for the Establishment of 
an Economic Research Institute in 
China" ; "The Banking Amalgamation 
Movement in England" ; "Crop Reports 
and Crop Forecast in America" ; 
"The Organization of Official Statistical 
Service in Principal Countries" ; "The 
Depreciation of Silver and Its Re- 
medies" ; writings to be published are ; 
"Banking Practice" ; and "Principles 
of Money and Banking" ; last known 
address : Bureau of Statistics, Legislative 
Yuan, Nanking. 



Percy Chu (Chu Po-chuan) 

*.*& 
PERCY CHU, banker; born at 
Hangchow, Chekiang, 1898 ; was gradu- 
ated at Shanghai College (now 
University of Shanghai) and later 
studied at Coiunseia and New York 
Universities ; sessred in the Central 
Bank of China as chief auditor, 1928-32 ; 
appointed liquidator of the Russo- 
Asiatic Bank, Shanghai, 1929 ; now 
general manager of the Joint Reserve 
Board of the Shanghai Bankers' 
Association, Shanghai ; address : c/o 
Shanghai Bankers' Association, Hong- 
kong Road, Shanghai. 




Ponson C. Chu (Chu Pon-shen) 

4 *f * $ • *• 

PONSON C. CHU, lawyer; born at 
Shanghai in 1885 ; received his college 
education at St. John's University 
1897-1904 ; went to America as a 
private student and prepared for 
college at the Central High School, 
Washington, D.C., 1904-05 ; entered 
Yale University in 1905 and studied 
political science and law ; he was 
president of the Yale Chinese Students' 
Club, secretary of the Cosmopolitan 
Club and manager of the Chinese 
Students' Monthly 1907-08; irf 1909 he 
was graduated with a A.B. degree; he 
returned to China in September, 1909 ; 
in 1910 he passed the examination for 
returned students held by the Imperial 
Board of Education and received the 
degree of Chu-Jen (M.A.) ; in May, 
1911, he took the Imperial Court 
examination for civil officials and was 
appointed senior secretary of the Board 
of Agriculture, Industry and Commerce ; 
he resigned in October, 1911 when the 
first Revolution broke out at Wuchang 
and returned to Shanghai, where he 
was appointed chief of the educational 



department of the Chapei Municipal 
Council and later elected alderman of 
the Second Ward of Chapei District; 
these positions he held until 1912 ; in 
1913 he was licensed to practise law ; 
in 1924 appointed adviser to the 
Cabinet at Peiping, 1924 ; he has been 
a legal practitioner in Shanghai since 
1924 ; address : No. 240, Markham Road, 
Shanghai. 




P. Tsu (Chu Pu) 

*.* $ * X. 

P, TSU, Government official; born 
at Wusih, Kiangsu ; Bachelor of 
Commercial Science, China National 
Institute, Woosung, 1922 ; research 
student at London School of Economics 
and Political Science, University of 
London, England, 1929; Editor of 
Eastern Miscellany, (published by 
Commercial Press, Shanghai), 1922; 
co-operative adviser of the Bureau of 
Agriculture, Labor and Commerce, 
Municipality of Greater Shanghai, 
1928 ; Commissioner of Investigation of 
Co-operative Enterprises in Europe, 
Committee of Mass Training, Central 
Party Headquarters, 1928 ; secretary 
of Overseas Department, Enlarged 
Plenary Session of Central Executive 
Committee of Kuomintang, Canton, 
1931 ; member of the National 
Emergency Conference at Loyang, 1932 ; 
member of Rural Financial Committee, 
Ministry of Industry, Nanking, 1932 ; 
Counsellor of Executive Yuan, Nanking, 
1933 ; technical member of Rural 
Rehabilitation Committee, Executive 
Yuan, 1933 ; member of Treaty Revision 
Commission of Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, since 1933 ; address : Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, Nanking. 



GEN. TSOH SHAO-CHOU, Army 
instructor ; born at Hangchow, Chekiang, 
1892 ; received his preliminary training 
at the Nanking Military High School ; 
upon outbreak of the First Revolution, 
he secretly left Nanking and fought 
against the Manchu Loyalists at 
Wuchang under command of the late 
Gen. Huang Hsin ; shortly after, he 
returned to Shanghai and was 
dispatched by the late Gen. Chen 
Chi-mei, Tutu of Shanghai, to Huchow 
to assist in the organization of the 
Chekiang Provincial Defence Army ; 
following unification of the North and 
South, he resumed his studies at the 
Paotingfu Military Officers' College and 
became a schoolmate of Gen. Chang 
Chi-chung, Commander of the 5th 
Army; during the Northern Punitive 
Expedition of the Revolutionary Army 



66 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Gen. Tsoh Shao-chou (Chu Shao-chou) 

4t- N '#..** jjj| 

in 1926, he was a battalion commander 
in the Chekiang Army garrisoning 
Kiukiang and was the first to espouse 
the cause of the Revolution by joining 
hands with the Expeditionary Army, 
thereby saving the city from the 
ravages of war ; when the Chekiang 
Army was reorganised as the 26th 
Revolutionary Army, he was appointed 
Chief of staff of the Army and assisted 
in the pacification of Shanghai by 
Eastern Route Revolutionary Army 
under command of Gen. Pai Chung-hsi ; 
retired in 1928 and amused himself by 
painting; appointed chief of staff of 
the 2nd Training Division under 
command of Gen. Chang Chi-chung and 
participated in the Tsinan Incident of 
May 3, 1929; after the Incident, he 
re-joined the Central Military Academy 
and devoted himself to military 
education ; upon the outbreak of the 
Japanese Hostilities at Shanghai, 1932, 
he was appointed Chief of Staff of 
the 6th Army and rendered meritorious 
services to the Army in the defence 
of Shanghai ; now, Chief of the 
training department of the Central 
Military Academy; address: Central 
Military Academy, Nanking. 



as battalion commander, regimental 
commander and brigadier commander ; 
chief of staff to the Headquarters, of 
Kweichow Army; high counsellor to 
the Headquarters of the Generalissimo 
(Dr. Sun Yat-sen) at Canton; chief of 
staff to the Field-Headquarters of the 
Commander-in-Chief of the Nationalist 
Revolutionary Army ; department 
director of the National Military Affairs 
Commission ; Commander of the 8th 
Nationalist Division ; Commander of the 
2nd Nationalist Army; Commander-in- 
Chief of the 6th Route Army of the 
Anti-Rebel Forces ; specially-appointed 
Pacification Commissioner of Kiangsi ; 
chief military counsellor to the Head- 
quarters of the Commander-in-Chief of 
the Bandit-Suppression Forces in 
Honan, Hupeh and Anhwei ; member 
of the Central Executive Committee of 
the Kuomintang ; Chairman of Kansu 
Provincial Government 1933-35 ; now 
Pacification Commissioner of Kansu 
and Commander-in-Chief of the Third 
Route Bandit-Suppression Forces with 
Headquarters at Lanchow; has served 
in the army for more than twenty years 
and participated in practically all the 
major revolutionary campaigns since 
the First Revolution of 1911; address: 
c/o Kansu Provincial Government, 
Kaolan (Lanchow), Kansu. 





Chu Shen 

the chief procuratorate of the Supreme 
Court; Minister of Justice, 1917-20 
and concurrently Minister of Interior 
in 1919 ; he was a strong supporter 
of the Anfu clique under Tuan Chi-jui'a 
leadership and after the overthrow of 
the clique, he was ordered to be 
arrested, but pardoned in 1923 ; he 
has been living in retirement since 
1923. 




Gen. Chu Shao-liang 

4 *$ K $■ K. — 

GEN. CHU SHAO-LIANG, Ex- 
Chairman of Kansu Provincial Govern- 
ment ; born at Changchow, Kiangsu, 1890 ; 
graduate of the JapaneseMilitary Officers' 
College, Tokyo; has successively served 



P. K. Chu (Chu Shao-plng) 

&•)' # 
P. K. CHU, journalist and educa- 
tional worker ; born at Shanghai, 1881 ; 
sometime editor, Min Foo Poo, Min 
Hsu Pao (revolutionary organs before 
the Revolution of 1911) and the Shun 
Pao, Shanghai ; Director, The China 
Press, Shanghai ; Secretary to President 
Sun Yat-sen at Nanking Provisional 
Government, 1912 ; special correspondent 
for the Shun Pao in the League 
of Nations Assembly and at the 
Washington Conference, 1920-21 ; direc- 
tor, International Journalists' Associa- 
tion accredited to the League of 
Nations ; General Secretary, World's 
Chinese Students' Federation, Shanghai, 
since 1912 ; business manager, the 
China Critic, since 1928 ; Vice-Director, 
History Compilation Bureau, City 
Government of Greater Shanghai 
Municipality, since July, 1932 ; address : 
The China Critic, 749 Bubbling Well 
Road, Shanghai. 




CHU SHEN, retired Government 
official ; born at Yungching, Chihli, 
1880 ; was graduated from the Tokyo 
University in Japan with LL.B. degree ; 
chief procurator of the Metropolitan 
High Procuratorate, 1913 ; member of 



Dr. Ernest Tso (Chu Sheng-chih) 

#t ft 3. 
DR. ERNEST TSO, pediatrician; 
born in Wuchang, Hupeh in 1894 ; 
early education was received in Boone 
Middle School and College, ' Wuchang ; 
began medical study in the Harvard 
Medical School of China at Shanghai 
which was continued in the Harvard 
Medical School of Boston and in 1919 
he received the degree of Doctor of 
Medicine from Harvard University ; 
after graduation served as an interne 
in the Boston Children's Hospital, the 
Infectious Diseases Department of the 
Boston City Hospital, and the Boston 
Floating Hospital for Sick Infants ; 
from 1921 to 1931 he served on the 
staff of the Peiping Union Medical 
College, Peiping, in the Division of 
Pediatrics as Assistant, Associate, and 
Assistant Professor of Pediatrics ; 
during his furlough year in 1925-26 
he was appointed Research Fellow in 
Pediatrics in the Yale University 
Hospital at New Haven ; in 1929 he 
was elected one of the delegates from 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



67 



the Peiping Union Medical College to 
the 8th International Physiological 
Congress held in Boston ; in the same 
year he visited many important 
hospitals for children in Europe and 
the United States ; in 1930-31 he was 
appointed chief of the Division of 
Pediatrics at the Peiping Union Medical 
College; in 1932 appointed Clinical 
Professor of Pediatrics in the Medical 
School of the National Central 
University and Consulting Physician 
in the Red Cross Hospital in Shanghai ; 
he has written and published numerous 
scientific papers on the diseases of 
children and infant nutrition ; his 
research work on the adaptation of 
a soybean food to infant feeding as 
an economical substitute for cow's milk 
was presented to the 8th International 
Physiological Congress and generally 
recognized as an important authoritative 
contribution to the science of infant 
nutrition ; address : 19 Yuen Ming Yuen 
Road, Shanghai. 




Tchou Che-tsien (Chu Shlh-chuan) 

;£. * £* % *L W 
TCHOU CHE TSIEN, diplomatic 
official ; born at Paoshan, Kiangsu, 
1888 ; graduate of 1'Universite l'Aurore, 
Shanghai; Licencie (M.A.), la Faculte 
de Droit, Paris ; returned from Paris 
in 1914; Editor, "La Politique de 
Pekin," 1914 ; professor of Political 
Science, National Peking University 
and concurrently lecturer on Interna- 
tional Law, the Peking University of 
Law and Political Science; appointed 
Secretary to the Chinese Commission 
at Vladivostok, 1919 ; Secretary to the 
Chinese Delegation at the Washington 
Conference, 1920 ; Secretary to the 
Chinese Delegation, International 
Aeronautic Convention, Paris, 1932 ; 
Technical Advisor, International Opium 
Conference, Geneva, 1923 ; Secretary to 
the Chinese Legation, Paris, 1921-24 ; 
Special Delegate, Commission on 
Retrocession of Weihaiwei, 1930 ; 
Secretary, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 
Peking, 1925 ; Acting Director, Depart- 
ment of European and American 
Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 
Nanking 1928; Chief of Section and 
Assistant Director, Department of 
European and American Affairs, 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1928-34; 
appointed First Secretary of Chinese 
Legation in Cuba acting as Minister 
and concurrently Consul-General at 
Havana, Dec. 1934 ; author : The Method 
of Abolition of Unequal Treaties 
between China and the Foreign States ; 
Lectures on Private International Law, 
and the Question of Weihaiwei ; was 
awarded third class Chiaho Decoration ; 
Officier de la Legion d'Honneur ; Palmes 



d'Officier de l'lnstruction publique de 
France et Commandeur de la Couronne 
de Belgique ; address : Chinese Legation, 
Havana, Cuba. 




S. K. Sheldon Tso (Chu Shih-kang) 

S. K. SHELDON TSO, banker; 
born at Wusih, Kiangsu in 1902 ; was 
graduated from the National College, 
Peking and passed the bar examinations 
and was later appointed adviser to the 
Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce ; 
in 1924 he went to America and 
attended the graduate school of 
Syracuse University, from which he 
received his M.A. degree in public 
finance and was elected to Chi Eta 
Sigma honorary fraternity ; he studied 
in the graduate school of Columbia 
and Wisconsin Universities 1925-26 ; in 
1927 he wrote a book on "The Labor 
Movement in China" for which he was 
given a Ph.D. degree by Indiana 
University ; in 1928 he travelled in 
England, France, Germany, Belgium, 
Russia, and Japan studying labor 
problems ; upon his return to China 
he wrote a series of articles published 
in several magazines and newspapers ; 
professor in the University of 
Communications and the National 
Labor University ; the same year he 
was appointed a member of the 
negotiation commission on wharfage 
dues ; in 1929 he was appointed 
secretary of the Nanking City 
Planning Commission, and a member 
of the Law Codification Committee, 
the Ministry of Industry, Commerce 
and Labor ; chief of the labor welfare 
division, and concurrently chief of 
the Arbitration division, Ministry of 
Industry, Commerce and Labor, and a 
member of workers' health committee 
of the Ministry of Health; he is now 
with the Central Bank ; address : c/o 
Central Bank, The Bund, Shanghai. 




Chu Shou-kuang 

& &%> 
Chief of Staff to the Pacification 
Commissioner of Shansi and Suiyuan ; 
address : Pacification Headquarters of 
Shansi and Suiyuan, Taiyuan, Shansi. 



Chu Teh-shen 

:M* & 
CHU TEH-SHEN, judicial official; 
born at Tseli, Hunan ; was graduated 
from the Government Law College in 
Peking ; judge of the Supreme Court 
in Peking ; president of the 7th Criminal 
Division of the Supreme Court in 
Nanking, 1929 to the present ; author 
of several books on criminal law and 
criminal procedure : address : Criminal 
Division, Supreme Court, Nanking. 



CHU SHOU-KUANG, army officer: 
born at Foochow, Fukien in 1886, 
although his ancestral home was 
Siangyang, Hupeh ; was graduated 
from Tokyo Military College in 1919 ; 
councillor in the Ministry of War, 
1920 ; director of the ordnance 
department of the Ministry of War, 
1924 ; adviser and chief of staff to 
General Yen Hsi-shan, 1925-28 ; member 
of the Hupeh Provincial Government 
and chief of staff to the Peiping and 
Tientsin Garrison Commander's Head- 
quarters, 1928-29 ; vice-Minister of War 
in the National Government, 1929 ; 
acting Minister of War, 1930 ; now 



T. C. Chu (Chu Ting-chi) 

%~ Jik. i& 

T. C. CHU, Government official; 
bron in Wusih, Kiangsu, 1886; was 
graduated from Harvard University with 
B. S. degree; served in the Ministry 
of Finance as diretcor of the accounting 
department, 1928^29 ; director of the 
chief inspectorate of salt reveune under 
the Ministry of Finance, 1929 to the 
present and from 1932 concurrently 
acting director of the Central Salt 
Administration ; address : Inspectorate 
of Salt Revenue, Ministry of Finance, 
Nanking. 



VENFOUR F. TCHOU, lawyer; 
born at Kiangyin, Kiangsu, 1888; 
LL.B. of Peiping Government Univer- 
sity, 1918; Master of Laws of 
University of Paris, France, 1917; 
Doctor of Laws of the University 
of Geneva, 1920; served as secretary 
of the Chinese delegation to the 
Paris Peace Conference 1918-19; 
technical delegate to the Conference 
on International Transportation, Spain, 
1920; secretary of the Chinese 
delegation to the Washington Con- 
ference, 1921-22 ; technical delegate 
to the International Conference on 
Opium, Geneva, 1924-25; second 
secretary of the Chinese Legation at 
Washington, 1921-22; assistant direc- 
tor of the intelligence and publicity 
bureau of the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, 1927-28; he is now engag- 
ed in legal practice in Shanghai and 



68 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Venfour F. Tchou (Chu Wen-fu) 



&x 



concurrently serving as dean of the 
Shanghai Law College, Shanghai ; 
author of "French Demorcacy," and 
"Review of Chinese Judicial Reform ;" 
holder of the following decorations : 
Legion d'Honneur of France, and 2nd 
class Chiaho Decorations of China; 
address ; c/o. Shanghai Law College, 
Rue Pere Robert, Shanghai. 



Chu Yao-ting 

4*£ * 

CHU YAO-TING, Government offi- 
cial ; born at Haiyen, Chekiang, 1895 ; 
was graduated from Peiyang University, 
Tientsin and later from Cornell Univer- 
sity, U.S.A. ; worked in New York 
State Highways Commission as an 
engineer ; during the years of 1923-32, 
he served at different times as professor 
of engineering at the Water Conser- 
vancy College (Hohai) in Nanking, 
director of the Bureau of Public Works 
of the Hangchow Municipal Govern- 
ment, technical expert to the National 
Reconstruction Commission, and later 
technical expert and section head of the 
Department of Reconstruction of the 
Chekiang Provincial Government ; direc- 
tor of the Navigation Bureau, Shanghai, 
1933 ; now director of the Highways 
Administration of the Chekiang Pro- 
vincial Government ; address : Chekiang 
Highways Administration, Hangchow, 
Chekiang. 



CHU YU-CHI, retired Government 
official; borat at Paoshan, Kiangsu, 
1886; son of Chu Chih-chao who held 
high posts in the Ching regime under 
Li Hung-chang; secretary to Chiang 
Kwei-ti (then Commander-in-Chief of 
the Imperial Army) 1906; chief of 
the Kuan Kang salt transportation 
office in Shantung, 1914 ; director of 
the Chuang Ho salt taxation bureau 
in Fengtien, 1915-17; director of the 
stamp tax bureau of Kirin, 1917: was 
transferred to the Ministry of Finance 
1920; director-general of Shanghai 
Mint, 1923; superintendent of Shang- 




Chu Yu-chi 

^3T J* $ ft * 
hai customs, 1926; vice-Minister of 
Finance of the former Peking Gov- 
ernment, 1927 ; he has been living in 
retirement in Tientsin since 1927. 




Y. Y. Tsu (Chu Yu-yu) 

Y. Y. TSU, social welfare worker; 
born at Shanghai, Kiangsu, 1887 ; 
studied at St. John's University, 
Shanghai, graduating with B.A. degree 
in 1907 ; after teaching at St. John's 
University for two years, he went to 
the United States for advanced study 
in 1909 ; attended the General Theo- 
logical Seminary, N.Y. studying socio- 
logy ; later, entered Columbia University, 
receiving the degree of M.A. and 
Ph.D.; returned to China in 1912 by 
way of Europe and Siberia ; professor 
of sociology of St. John's University, 
Shanghai 1912-20 ; was in charge of the 
student work of the Y.M.C.A. Inter- 
national Committee, U.S.A. 1921-24; 
secretary of the religious and social 
works department of Peking Union 
Medical College, 1924-1932; Visiting 
Lecturer at Pacific School of Religion, 
Berkeley, Calif., and General Theological 
Seminary, New York City, 1932-1933; 
delegate to the Banff Conference 1933 
of the Institute of Pacific Relations ; 
he has been connected with the follow- 
ing public organizations : ex-chairman 
of the boy scout association of Shanghai, 
ex-chairman of the St. John's University 
alumini association, Shanghai ; ex- 
Chinese secretary of the American 
University Club, Shanghai ; member of 



the editorial board of the Chinese 
Recorder, National Committee, Y.M.C.A. ; 
member of the directorate of the World's 
Chinese Students' Federation, Shanghai ; 
member of the Board of Directors of 
Cheeloo University and St. John's 
University; author: ''The Spirit of 
Chinese Philanthropy" (doctoral dis- 
sertation) ; co-author of "China Through 
Chinese Eyes" ; "China Her Own 
Interpreter" ; "As It Looks to Young 
China" ; translator of George's Hodges' 
"Saints and Heroes" ; now connected 
with the National Christian Council of 
China. 




Chu Yun-gee (Chu Yuan-chi) 
^. Vt jL 

CHU YUN-GEE, artist; born at 
Canton, Kwangtung, Feb. 22, 1905 ; 
studied Chinese classics and literature 
in his native village and at age of 13, 
he wrote the essay "The Morality of 
the Chinese in the Times of the Three 
Kingdoms," in which he expressed 
radical ideas resulting in serious 
difference of opinion between him and 
the school authorities and his leaving 
the institution ; it was at this time that 
he made his first attempt to paint and 
chose as his first subject "Kwan Yu," 
the famous Chinese warrior-saint in the 
Three Kingdoms ; from that time on, 
his sole desire was to become a painter 
and at age of 14 (1921), he went to 
America, entering the California Art 
School where he made phenomenal pro- 
gress and met the well-known modern 
painter, Otis Oldfield ; during the term 
of his studies, he accumulated some 200 
canvasses, but to his awakened spirit, 
they seemed to be the works of a man 
who had long been lost in blindness and 
symbols of his one-time slavishness to 
the academic and he destroyed them in a 
bonfire with a prayer, pledging to forget 
and abandon the academic and to devote 
his efforts to the vital living art; under 
the stimulation of Otis Oldfield, he 
organized an exhibition at the Modern 
Artists Gallery, San Francisco, which 
brought his unique talent to public 
notice and he became well-known _ as 
one of the modern painters of that city ; 
after the exhibition, he organised "The 
Chinese Revolutionary Painters' Club" 
there; finding that San Francisco no 
longer offered him a chance for growth, 
he went to Paris at age of 20 in the 
hope of learning more of the painting of 
the West which he could fuse with that 
of the East; after his arrival at Paris, 
he installed himself in a studio in the 
Latin Quarter and his work received 
the highest praise in many French art 
journals ; in Dec. 1927, he held his first 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



69 



European exhibition at the Carmine 
Galleries which was an unparalleled 
success and during which, he sold most 
of his paintings, three of which were 
purchased by the Princess Lucien Murat ; 
shortly after that he held another 
exhibition at the Salon des Independants 
and his exhibit, "Confucius," was 
declared to be the finest painting done 
by a Chinese artist since the days of the 
Sung Dynasty ; at about this time, 
he became acquainted with Raymond 
Duncan who expressed great admiration 
for his art and the famous connoisseur, 
Paul Guillame also extolled him as one 
of the most charming artists ; after 
having stayed in Paris for three years 
with a half-year's sojourn in Spain, he 
returned to America in 1930 at the age 
of 23 ; shortly after his arrival in San 
Francisco, he held an exhibition at the 
Balzac Galleries and is now still in 
America doing research work in art ; 
his rise in the art world has been 
meteoric and in spite of his youth, 
he has already become internationally 
known as one of the most outstanding 
painters of today. 




Chu Yun-kuang 

& & Jt $ X & 
CHU YUN-KUANG, social welfare 
worker; born at Linghai, Chekiang, 
1881 ; was graduated from the Chih 
Cheng Institute; president of the 
Commercial School at Taichow, Che- 
kiang ; taught in the Military Survey 
School in Anhwei ; participated in the 
1911 Revolution ; was appointed adviser 
to the 6th division of the Chekiang 
Provincial Army, 1911 ; director of the 
civil affairs department of Chekiang, 
1912 ; acting Chief Civil Administrator 
of Chekiang, 1913 ; Civil Commissioner 
of Chekiang, 1914 ; made a Count of the 
first order by Yuan Shih-kai when the 
later proclaimed himself Emperer, 1915 ; 
when Chekiang declared independence of 
Peking as a protest against Yuan's 
monarchial attempt, he sided with the 
people ; appointed director of military 
affairs of Chekiang by Peking Govern- 
ment; went to Peking in 1916 to 
promote the Sino-American Association ; 
Civil Governor of Shantung, 1919-20 ; he 
has been engaged in social welfare and 
philanthropic works in Shanghai in 
recent years. 



CHUAN LIANG, retired Government 
official ; born at Wuchang, Hupeh, 1875 ; 
stxidied in Japan and was graduated 
from the commercial college at Tokyo ; 
vice Minister of Communications, 1916 ; 
acting Minister of Communications, 




Chuan Liang 

# * $ n * 

April-July, 1917 ; director-general of the 
Kirin-Huining Railway and managing 
director of the Kirin-Changchun Rail- 
way, 1919 ; vice-Minister of Communica- 
tions and concurrently Director General 
of Government Railways in 1920 and 
for a time he also functioned as Minister 
of Communications ; re-appointed acting 
Minister of Communications, and con- 
currently director-general of the Kirin- 
Huining Railway, 1922 ; no further 
information has been received in recent 
years. 




S. H. Chuan (Chuan Shao-ching) 



^ 



*8 ft ^ #• Ak 



X" *» J; 

S. H. CHUAN, public health official ; 
born at Wanping, Chihli, 1884 ; studied 
medicine at the Peiyang medical college, 
Tientsin, and was graduated in 1904 ; 
was attached to the Chinese Imperial 
Mission to Tibet as a doctor, 1905 ; 
later accompanied the same mission to 
India ; professor of anatomy and 
medicine at the Peiyang Medical College 
1906-10 and played prominent part in 
the campaign against the plague in 
Manchuria, 1911 ; went to America and 
attended Johns Hopkins University 
in 1912 and the sanitary school at 
Harvard University, 1913 ; attended as 
Chinese delegate the Congress of 
International Red Cross in 1912 and the 
International Congress of Medicine in 
London, 1913 ; resumed his former post 
as professor of medicine at the Peiyang 



Medical College after return from 
England ; surgeon-general of the Chinese 
army and director of the army medical 
college, 1914 ; counsellor to the Ministry 
of War and secretary to Tuan Chi- 
jui, during Chang Hsun's monarchial 
movement, 1917 ; went to Suiyuan to 
suppress the plague, 1918 ; attended as 
Chinese delegate the International 
Congress of Medicine and Pharmacy 
held at Brussels, Belgium, 1921 ; vice- 
Minister of Education, 1922 ; chief of 
the metropolitan plague prevention 
service, 1922-23 ; chief of the bureau of 
public health of Tsingtao, 1924 ; 
appointed director of the Chinese Red 
Cross Hospital at Peiping in 1926 ; chief 
of the bureau of public health of 
Tientsin, 1929 ; Superintendent, Peiping 
Red Cross Hospital and Sanitarium ; 
permanent address : 80 Kan-Mien 
Hutung, Peiping. 




Shaowen James Chuan (Chuan Shao-wen) 
<£ *? 3t $ * *fc 

SHAOWEN JAMES CHUAN, uni- 
versity comptroller and social worker; 
born at Peking, 1886; was graduated 
from Yale University with B.A. 
degree in 1914; general secretary of 
the Chinese Students' Christian As- 
sociation in North America, 1915-18 ; 
associate general secretary of the 
war Y.M.C.A. work for the Chinese 
labor battalions with the Allied 
expeditionary forces, 1918-21 ; while 
in this service in Europe, he served 
also as Chinese delegate to the 
conference of the World's Committee 
of the World Student's Christian 
Federation held at Beantenberg, 
Switzerland, and to the International 
World Students' Convention held at 
Glasgow, Scotland ; upon returning to 
China in 1921, he became English 
secretary to the Director-General of 
the Chinese Eastern Railway and later 
assistant chief of the department of 
education of the same Railway ; 
director of student activities in 
Tsinghua University, 1925; assistant 
to the president of Yenching Univer- 
sity, Peiping 1926 and comptroller of 
the same University since 1930; he is 
a member of the executive committee 
of the China International Famine 
Relief Commission, chairman of the 
board of directors of Jefferson 
Academy and Bridgman Academy and 
vice-president of the board of direc- 
tors of the Peking Y.M.C.A. ; address ; 
Yenching University, Peiping. 



70 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Joonvin T. Chwang (Chuang Chih-huan) 

& H Jfc # # it 

JOONVIN T. CHWANG, university 
professor; born at Ningpo in Oct. 
1901: was graduated from Nanyang 
U. 1920 with a degree of B. Sc. in 
electrical engineering ; radio engineer 
of Ecole Superieure d'Electricite de 
Paris in 1922 with practical work 
done at various radio stations in 
France; travelled in 14 countries in 
Europe studying radio and electrical 
engineering joined the Ministry of Com- 
munications of the Peking Govern- 
ment in 1925 ; went to Canton in 
1926 as professor at the Whampao 
military academy and later joined the 
Ministry of Communication when Sun 
Fo was Minister; appointed director- 
general of the radio department at 
Hankow in 1917; superintendent of 
Customs at Wenchow in 1927; 
managing director of the tobacco tax 
bureau for Chekiang during the first 
part of 1928 and in August of that 
year was appointed director-general of 
Telegraphs and Telephones in the 
Ministry of Communications which 
post he held until 1930; counsellor 
to the Headquarters of the 19th 
Route Army during the Sino-Japanese 
War in Shanghai, 1932; professor at 
the Chiaotung University, since 1932; 
he is now also engaged in business 
of electric appliances in Shanghai; 
address: c/o Chiaotung University, 
Avenue Haig, Shanghai. 



CHUANG SUNG-FU, Government 
official; former teacher of General 
Chiang Kai-shek; born at Fenghwa, 
Chekiang, 1859; joined the Tung Ming 
Hui to undertake the work of revolu- 
tionary propaganda, 1908; after the 
overthrow of the Manchu regime and 
establishment of the Republic, he was 
appomted finance commissioner of the 
Military Government of Chekiang, 
1911 ; later made salt commissioner of 
the same province, elected member 
of the Chekiang Provincial Assembly 
and concurrently chairman of the 
renghwa district assembly, 1922- 
after the capture of Chekiang by the 
i r a o t i onalist Revolutionary Forces in 
}? 2 "' he was appointed member of 
the Chekiang Provincial Assembly 
and concurrently chairman of the 
renghwa district assembly, 1922; 




Chuang Sung-fu 

& & t *'* W 

after the capture of Chekiang by the 
Nationalist Revolutionary Forces in 
1927, he was appointed member of 
the Chekiang Provincial Government 
and concurrently commissioner of 
reconstruction for the same 1927-28; 
concurrently he was member of the 
Chekiang Division of the Central 
Political Council, member of the 
Legislative Yuan and member of the 
Yellow River Conservancy Board, 
1922-30; vice-Chairman of the Hwai 
River Conservancy Commission, since 
1931 ; his education is extensive and 
thorough especially in agriculture; 
author of ''A New Study of Agriculture, 
"Plans of Conservancy," and "Preven- 
tive Methods Against Locusts" ; address : 
Hwai River Conservancy Commission, 
National Government, Nanking. 




Chung Ao 

CHUNG AO, Government official; 
born at Mei-hsien, Kwangtung, 1890; 
was graduated from the electrical 
engineering department of the High 
Technical School of the Board of 
Communications in the Ching Dynasty 
and Wisconsin University, U.S.A. 
graduating with M.A. degree in 
electrical engineering; since his return 
from America, he has successively 
served as dean of National Chiaotung 
University, professor of the Peking 
Government University, and of 
Peiping Government Technical College, 
engineer in the Telephone Adminis- 
trations of Wuhan, Peiping and 



Tientsin: electrical engineer attached 
to the Chinese Navy, chief consulting 
engineer in China of U.S. International 
Telegraph and Telephone Company, 
director of the branch office of the 
Peiping-Tientsin Wireless Station, 
technical expert of the Ministry of 
Communications, sectional chief of the 
telegraph division of the same 
Ministry, director of the Telephone 
Administration of Tientsin and of 
Peiping; director of the International 
Telegraph Administration and director 
of the Telegraph Department of the 
Ministry of Communications, Nanking, 
1931 ; member of Chinese Engineers' 
Association, Radio Engineers' Associa- 
tion and U.S. Electrical Engineers' 
Association ; manager of the Bank of 
Communications, Tientsin, since 1934. 




Chung Shih-ming 

# ■* 4fc 3F £. & 

CHUNG SHIH-MING, retired Gov- 
ernment official ; born at Tientsin, 
Chihli, 1880; attended the Tientsin 
Government middle school, 1901; was 
graduated from the Peiyang Univer- 
sity with B.A. degree in 1908 and 
M.A. degree in 1909; resident director 
of the salt gabelle, 1913; acting vice- 
Minister of Finance, holding concur- 
rently the posts of associate director 
to the salt administration and inspec- 
tor-general of the salt inspectorate, 
1921 ; vice-Minister of Finance and 
later acting Minister of Finance, 
1921-22; high financial adviser to 
Chang Tso-lin, 1923 ; commissioner of 
foreign affairs for Fengtien, 1924-27. 



CHUNG MUN-YEW, retired Gov- 
ernment official ; born at Chung-shan 
district, Kwangtung, Jan. 1861; was 
graduated from Yale University 
with B. A. degree; secretary and 
interpreter of the Chinese Legation 
at Washington for ten years; Charge' 
d'Affaires of the Chinese Legation at 
Madrid, Spain, 1903: Consul-General 
at Manila, Philippine Islands, 1904-05; 
adviser on foreign affairs to Yuan 
Shih-kai, then Viceroy at Tientsin, 
1905 ; managing-director of the 
Shanghai-Nanking Railway for ten 
years from 1906 to 1916, concur- 
rently holding the positions of mana- 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



71 




Chung Mun-yew (Chung Wen-yao) 

U it *l 3F t a 

gingr-dirfetotor of the China Merchants 
Steam Navigation Company {1907-10) 
and that of the managing-director of 
the Shanghai-Hangchow-Ningpo Rail- 
way (1914-16); commissioner of the 
Shanghai-Nanking Railway board, 
1917-27; during this period, he also 
served as chairman of the National 
Mint Organization Committee in 1920 
and counsellor to the Chinese delega- 
tion to the Washington Conference, 
1921 ; member, Delta Kappa Epsilon, 
Phi chapter of Yale, 1881; and a 
master mason and member of Federal 
Lodge No. 1, Washington, D. C. 1896; 
decorated by the governments of 
Austro-Hungary, Germany, Italy, 
Russia and France. 




Chung Yin-tang 

m & * % % & 

CHUNG YIN-TANG, salt official; 
born at Kutien, Foochow, 1880; was 
graduated from the Anglo-Chinese 
College, Foochow, 1903 ; taught in the 
Tientsin Anglo-Chinese College, 1905 ; 
secretary to the Musso law firm. 
Shanghai 1906; secetary to Timothy 
Richard and translater of books in the 
Christian Literature Society, Shanghai, 
1907-1913; joined the Chinese Govern- 
ment salt revenue service as chief 
secretary of the Yunnan dirtrict 
inspectorate, 1914; was promoted 



assistant district inspector of Mohei 
Ching District, Yunnan, 1915-1919 ; 
transferred to the Peiching assistant 
inspectorate, Yunnan, 1920; transfer- 
red to Pingnan Kwei assistant district 
inspectorate, Kwantung, 1920-1925; 
transferred to the Yehhsieh assistant 
district inspectorate, Sungchiang dis- 
trict, 1925-1929; and transferred to 
the Fenglu assistant district inspec- 
torate, Tangku Changlu district, since 
1929; address: Fenglu Assistant 
District Inspectorate of Salt Revenue, 
Tangku, Tientsin. 



Chung Wing-kwong (Chung Yung-kuang) 
M %r Jt 

CHUNG WING-KWONG, university 
president; born at Canton, Kwang- 
tung; a provincial graduate with 
Chu-jen degree under the Manchu 
regime ; served as Commissioner of 
Education for Kwangtung; dean of 
Canton Christian College, Canton ; and 
later president of Lingnan University 
(new name for Canton Christian Col- 
lege), 1927 to the present; Commis- 
sioner of Educational Administration 
of the National Government, 1920 ; 
Director of the Bureau of Oversea- 
Chinese Affairs, 1928 ; address : 
Lingnan University, Canton. 



in Chengchow, Honan ; member of 
the committee for the examination of 
candidates to Consular and Diplomatic 
posts ; director of the Administrative 
Department of the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs ; now, Superintendent of 
Hangchow Customs ; address : Hangchow 
Customs, Hangchow. 




Fan Kwang (Fan Kuang) 

# fc 5 £ to 

FAN KWANG, Government official; 
born at Chinyung, Chekiang in 1886 ; 
his early training was in Chinese 
classics and he passed the examinations 
for a Hsiu Tsai (A.B.) degree; went 
to Japan in 1904 and attended the 
Central University of Japan from which 
he was graduated in political science 
in 1909 ; while in Japan he joined the 
Tungminghui (revolutionary party) ; 
returned to China in 1909 and since 
then has held the following positions : 
judicial secretary of the Provisional 
Government. Nanking ; member of Che- 
kiang Provincial Assembly ; magistrate 
of the Kaishing, Chekiang ; secretary to 
the director's office of the Sino-Russian 
Conference ; counsellor of the National 
Wine and Tobacco Bureau ; secretary 
of the Salt Administration ; counsellor 
of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs ; 
secretary-general of the Lunghai 
Railway Administration and concur- 
rently, director of its branch office 




Robert Fan (Fan Wen-chao) 
& £. JUL 
ROBERT FAN, architect; born at 
Shanghai 1893, of Cantonese parentage; 
Education: St. John's University, 
graduated with B.Sc. degree 1917 ; 
assistant professor of Mathematics and 
Surveying at St. John's University 
1917-19 ; entered University of Penn- 
sylvania, U.S.A., School of Architecture 
1919 ; office experiences : John T. 
Windrim, 1920, Ch. F. Durang, 1922, 
Day & Klauder, 1922, Architects in 
Philadelphia, U.S.A. ; Architect for 
Lam Glines & Company, Shanghai, 
1922-27 ; started own office to practice 
Architecture 1927 ; Winner of Second 
Prize for Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum, 
Nanking, Architectural Competition 
1924 ; Third Prize winner in the 
competition Mor Dr. Sun Yat-sen's 
Memorial Auoitorium, Canton, 1926 ; 
First Prize winner of the Architectural 
Competition for Vr. Sun Yat-sen's 
Memorial Pagoda, * Nanking, 1930 ; 
First Prize winner of the Architectural 
Competition for the Kwgtagtung Pro- 
vincial Government Buildings yn Canton 
($5,000,000 scheme) 1933; designed and 
supervised many notable buildings in 
Shanghai, Hangchow, Peiping, Canton, 
Nanking and other cities in China ; 
recent works : The Ministry of 
Railways, the Oversea Chinese Hostel 
and the Officers' Moral Endeavor 
Association, Nanking, the Nanking 
Theatre, the Paradise Theatre and the 
new Eastern Theatre, the new Chinese 
Y.M.C.A. Shanghai, buildings for the 
Ministry of Public Health at Nanking, 
many College buildings, banks, office 
buildings, apartments and residences in 
Shanghai ; Founder and First President 
of the Society of Chinese Architects ; 
Public Service : advisory member of 
the Committee of the Nanking City 
Planning Bureau of 1929 ; member of 
Advisory Committee to the Chungshan 
National Memorial Park, Nanking, 
1928 ; technical expert to the Ministry 
of Railways, Nanking 1932 ; honorary 
adviser to the National Good Roads 
Association of China ; address : 56 
Szechuen Road, Shanghai. 



72 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Fang Cheng-wu 
% «. *, $ ^ -t 

FANG CHENG-WU, army officer; 
born at Showchow, Anhwei, 1885 ; 
member of the Tung Ming Hui ; joined 
the first Revolution in 1911 and 
assisted in the capture of Nanking and 
Hsuchow; following the failure of 
Dr. Sun Yat-sen's punitive expedition 
against Yuan Shih-kai in 1913 he 
immediately escaped to Japan, where 
he enrolled as a student at the Hao Yen 
Military Academy ; upon his return to 
China in 1917, he was appointed by 
the Military Government at Canton as 
commander of the defense force ; led 
Yunnan forces to attack the Northerners 
in Kiangsi, Anhwei and Shantung, 
1918 ; appointed commander of' the 
5th Army of the Kuominchun (Feng 
Yu-hsiang's army), 1926; upon the 
defeat of the Kuominchun at Nankow 
near Peiping by the Fengtien forces, 
he retreated to Wuyuan in Suiyuan 
province ; appointed commander of 1st 
route Shensi reinforcement army of 
Kuominchun, 1926 ; led his forces east- 
ward from Shensi capturing important 
cities along the Lung-Hai Railway and 
finally Loyang, Honan, where he joined 
the Nationalist Revolutionary Army at 
Chengchow, 1927 ; commander of the 
3rd flank army (later changed to 
9th flank army) of the Nationalist 
Revolutionary Army ; Commander-in- 
Chief of the 11th Route Army of 
the Nationalist Revolutionary Army; 
commander of the 4th unit of the 
Nationalist 1st Group / Army ; member 
of the Central Executive Committee 
of the Kuomintang, 1929 ; Chairman 
of the Anhwei Provincial Government, 
1929 ; member of the Military Council 
of the Nationalist Government ; 
commander of the 6th Route Army of 
the punitive expedition against the 
Kwangsi faction and commander of the 
10th Nationalist Army, 1929; organized 
an Anti-Japanese Army in Charhar 
with General Feng Yu-hsiang in 1933 
and fought against the Japanese for 
many months ; was dismissed from all 
his posts by the National Government 
after the collapse of the movement ; 
he has been living in retirement since 
1933. 







^ 


■ 




wk 




**v 




■ 


m^m 





FONG CHIAO-PAI, merchant and 
banker ; born at Chenhai, Chckiang, 
1884 ; received his early education in 
his native town ; studied law at the 



Fong Chiao-pai (Fang Chiao-pai) 

* 4* % $ *. « 

Shengchow Law College, Shanghai, 
graduating in 1917 ; manager of the 
Tung Lu Bank, Shanghai and con- 
currently chief of the arbitration board 
of the Chinese General Chamber of 
Commerce and a director of the same 
Chamber, Shanghai, 1918 ; director of 
the Shanghai Government Mint ; member 
of the Shanghai Bankers' Association, 
since 1920 ; director of the Ningpo- 
Shaoshing Steam Navigation Co., and 
of the Chinese Merchants' Stock 
Exchange, since 1921 ; elected vice- 
Chairman of the Chinese Chamber of 
Commerce and of the Chinese Rate- 
payers' Association, Shanghai, 1922 ; 
organiser and a director of the Ta 
Yu oil factory, 1922 ; manager of the 
Nantao branch of the Commercial Bank 
of China and director of the Hung 
An Steamship Co., since 1923 ; director 
of the Chinese General Insurance Co., 
Shanghai, since 1933 ; at the same 
time, he is also a legal practitioner in 
Shanghai ; address : c/o Chinese General 
Chamber of Commerce, North Soochow 
Road, Shanghai. 



College established by Dr. Sun Yat-sen 
at Nanking ; studied law at the 
Kiangsi Provincial Law College and 
after graduation, engaged in newspaper 
work for 9 years ; when the Nationalist 
Revolution started in 1926, he again 
joined the Revolutionary Army and 
followed its march from Canton to 
the Yangtze Valley and to the North ; 
he held post of Chief Judge of the 
Military Court of the Second Nationalist 
Army Corps in Kaifeng and concur- 
rently, president of Min Poo, a leading 
Government paper in Kaifeng ; now, 
Chief secretary of the Honan Provincial 
Government ; address : Honan Provincial 
Government, Kaifeng, Honan. 




Fong Ge-doing (Fang Chi-tao) 

* >* it 
FONG GE - DOING, Government 
official ; born at Ting-Nan, Kiangsi, 
1893 ; received his early training at a 
military school in Kiangsi, 1909 ; joined 
the Revolutionary Army in 1911 when 
the First Revolution broke out in 
Wuchang, Hupeh ; upon establishment 
of the Republic, he entered a Military 




George T. V. Fong (Fang Tsi-wei) 
-$"-?-% 
GEORGE T. V. FONG, electrical 
and radio engineer ; native of Ningpo, 
Chekiang, born in 1900 ; after his 
graduation from Shanghai High School, 
he entered Nanyang University to 
study engineering and finished in 1919 ; 
went to America and entered Harvard 
University in 1919 and later also 
studied in University of Michigan 
with E.E., M.R.E. and L.B.S. degrees ; 
he first joined the Radio Corporation 
of America in New York and then 
the Long Island Trans-Ocenic central 
station ; later he joined the Westing- 
house Co. to take an advanced course 
in radio, specializing in radio unicontrol 
of superhetrodyne and super-regene- 
rative circuits and many other fields of 
short wave work ; also worked in the 
worldwide pioneer radio broadcasting 
station KDKA and took active part in 
record-making of the two-way first 
trans-Atlantic speech communication 
between East Pittsburgh and London ; 
on returning to China in 1924, he was 
appointed director of the Government 
Radio Station at Woosung and con- 
sulting engineer of the Ministry of 
Communications ; installed the five Kw 
vacuum tube transmitting set without 
foreign aid for two way communication 
between Mukden, Kalgan, Harbin, 

and foreign ocean liners ; 

China Radio Engineering 
at Shanghai in 1924 and 

its president, since then ; 

1924-27 he was consulting 
engineer of the China agency of the 
Westinghouse Company, member of 
the America Institute of Electrical 
Engineers, International Amateur Radio 
Union, American Radio Relay League 
and the Chinese Engineering Society ; 
in 1927 he attended the International 
Radio Conference in America as delegate 
from China; in March, 1929 he was 
appointed by the Ministry of Commu- 



Yunnan 

founded 

College 

became 

between 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



73 



nications to supervise the installation 
of a radio station at Ningpo and 
appointed director and engineer of the 
station ; in April he relinquished this 
position to become radio superintendent 
engineer for the China Merchants' 
S.N. Company which was then con- 
trolled by the Government and planned 
installations of wireless on their ships, 
which position he still holds ; in the 
fall of 1929, he was made dean and 
professor of electrical and radio 
engineering at the Woosung Mercantile 
Marine College ; in 1932, he organised 
the China Amateur Radio Union and 
was elected as its President ; address : 
China Merchants' Steam Navigation 
Co., Shanghai. 



Farm Pen-jen 

4r ^ ^ 

FANG PEN - JEN, Government 
official ; born at Huangkang, Hupeh, 
1880 ; was graduated from the Peiping 
Military College, 1908 ; ex-Military 
Governor of Kiangsi ; advisor to the 
Headquarters of the Commander-in- 
Chief of the Nationalist Revolutionary 
Forces, 1927 ; commander of the 11th 
Nationalist. Army, 1927 ; member of 
the Taiyuan Division of the Central 
Political Council, 1928 ; member of 
Hupeh Provincial Government and con- 
currently Commissioner of Civil Affairs 
for Hupeh, 1929 ; delegate of General 
Chiang Kai-shek to Mukden to persuade 
Chang Hsueh-liang to sup-press the 
Northern Military Coalition at Peiping 
on behalf of the Central Government, 
1930 ; counsellor of the Military Ad- 
visory Council, since 1931 ; address : c/o 
Military Advisory Council, Nanking. 




Fei Chi-hao 

f H % % * ^ 
FEI CHI-CHO, Government official; 
born at Tung-hsien near Peiping, 
Chihli, 1879 ; graduated from the North 
China Union College in 1898 ; B.A. of 
Oberlin College, U.S.A., 1906; M.A. 
of Yale University, 1907 ; principal of 
Putung Middle School, Tientsin, 1907-08 ; 
President of the Chihli Provincial 
College, Paoting, 1908-10 ; President of 
the Peking College of Finance and 
associate general secretary of Peking 
Y.M.C.A. 1910-29 ; commissioner of the 
Tientsin bureau of inspection and 
testing of commercial commodities, 
Ministry of Industry, Commerce and 
Labor, 1929-30 ; deputy commissioner 
of Shanghai bureau of inspection _ and 
testing of commercial commodities, 
1930 ; he is now with the Ministry of 
Finance. 



Gen. Feng Chan-hai 
<% £ ^ 

GEN. FENG CHAN - HAI, army 
officer and Manchurian volunteer leader ; 
born at Yi-hsien, Liaoning, 1898 ; after 
some schooling at home, he entered army 
service and joined the 27th Division 
of Fengtien Army, 1918 ; attended the 
Northeastern Military Academy for 
further training and was graduated 
from that institution ; appointed a 
battalion commander in Kirin Army, 
1924 ; promoted a regimental commander, 
1928 ; when the Japanese military 
invaded Kirin following their occupation 
of Mukden in Sept, 1931, he withdrew 
his troops from Changchun to the 
interior of the province carrying away 
with him a large quantity of arms and 
ammunition where he ^organised with 
a number of compatriots a Volunteer 
Force to oppose the Japanese advance ; 
when he occupied Fangchen district in 
Kirin, he also organised and trained 
up a Big Sword Corps of 4,000 men 
and fought against the Japanese ; his 
Army once recaptured Kirin City from 
the Japanese but voluntarily evacuated 
it in order to spare the inhabitants 
needless suffering ; during the Japanese 
invasion of Jehol, he took part in the 
operations, but was forced to retire 
when the Jehol Defense collapsed ; he is 
now serving under General Chang 
Hsueh-liang. 



study cotton conditions, 1918 ; went 
from U.S.A. to Paris to serve as 
a technical expert to the Chinese 
Delegation to the Paris Peace Con- 
ference, 1919 ; toured France, Germany 
and England, 1921-23 ; counsellor to 
the Ministry of Finance, 1922 ; secretary 
to the directorate-general of the railway 
guards of the Ministry of Communi- 
cations 1925. 




H. K. Fung (Feng Chlng-kuei) 

* £ ** * t 3. 

H. K. FUNG, cotton expert and 
Government official ; born at Canton ; 
was graduate from Cornell Univer- 
sity, U.S.A., with B.Sc. degree 
in agriculture in 1908 ; M.Sc. degree 
in 1911, his thesis being "A Study 
of the American Cotton Plant with 
Special Reference to its Introduction 
into China" ; after graduation, he 
served as an expert in the bureau 
of plant industry of the United States 
Department of Agriculture and con- 
currently chief of the Chinese section 
of the Library of Congress, 1911-12 ; 
in the latter capacity, he wrote 
"Classification of Chinese Literature" a 
report to the library ; upon returning 
to China, he was appointed professor 
of biology and English at the Peking 
Government University and concurrently 
lecturer at the Government Agricultural 
College and lecturer on biology at the 
Government Geological Institute, 1913- 
18 ; an expert in the bureau of cotton 
investigation, Ministry of Agriculture 
and Commerce of the Peking Gov- 
ernment, 1916 ; Chinese Government 
Commissioner to the United States to 




Feng Hsi-yun 

FENG HSI-YUN, retired university 
president ; born at Tientsin, Chihli, 
1885 ; studied at the Peiyang University 
at the time when Wang Chung-hui and 
C. T. Wang were also students 
there ; B.A. from Harvard University 
in 1910 and J.D. from Chicago 
University, in 1912 ; returned to China 
in 1912 and was appointed prosecuting 
attorney in the Chihli provincial court ; 
associate judge of the Chihli High 
Court, 1913 ; professor of law in the 
Peiyang University, 1914-19 and pre- 
sident of the University, 1919-22, in 
the latter capacity he effected many 
improvements in and opened the 
metallurgical engineering department of 
the University ; no further information 
has been received in recent years. 




Fung Ping Shan (Feng Ping-sham 
* -f A> 

FUNG PING SHAN, retired busi- 
nessman and philanthropist ; born in 
the Sunwui district, Kwangtung in 
1859 ; went to Siam at 15 and entered 
business ; traded for many years in 



74 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



Szechuan ; was elected director of tKe 
Fong Pin Hospital at Canton in 1892 ; 
during the famine of 1893, he organized 
the sale of cheap rice, thus saving 
thousands of lives ; shortly after this, 
he went to Hongkong and carried on 
his philanthropic work ; he was first 
president and later adviser to the 
Tung Wah Hospital ; first president of 
the Po Leung permanent board ; member 
of the District Watch committee ; 
Justice of the Peace ; life member 
of the court of Hongkong University ; 
he established three free schools for 
boys and girls in Hongkong and gave 
considerable sums to establish a public 
library in the Chinese Chamber of 
Commerce, the Confucian Middle School, 
the primary school of Kwangtung 
Higher Normal School, the foundation 
fund of the Chinese Library at 
Hongkong University and many other 
schools ; he also gave to his native 
district the Jeung-shan Public Garden, 
free schools, vocational schools, play 
•grounds for primary schools, a science 
academy and the King Tong Library 
(named after his father) ; in 1924 
he travelled in America and Europe 
studying educational methods and on 
his return to China he exerted his 
efforts to put into effect the knowledge 
which he had gained abroad ; he has 
three sons and six daughters ; his 
hobby is the study of ancient Chinese 
maxims ; address : Mr. Fung Ping Shan, 
Hongkong. 




for three terms and concurrently chief 
of the educational bureau of Shansi 
Provincial Government ; in the winter 
of 1928, he was transferred to the 
post of chief secretary of the Tientsin 
Municipal Government and concurrently 
director of the Bureau of Social Affairs ; 
in 1930, he was transferred back to 
Shansi as a member of the Shansi 
Provincial Government and concurrently 
Commissioner of Education which posts 
he resigned, 1930 and has since retired 
from politics and devoted himself to 
education ; he is now principal of the 
Shansi Provincial Kuo Min Normal 
School at Taiyuan ; address : Kuo Min 
Normal School, Taiyuan, Shansi. 




Feng Shin -chin 

* *l JL £ * 4f 

FENG SHIH-CHIH, Government 
official ; born at Pingting Hsien, Shansi, 
1883 ; received his Chinese classical 
education at home and became a 
provincial graduate with Chu-jen 
degree at age of twenty ; passed the 
government competitive examinations 
for study abroad and was among the 
first group of students sent to Japan, 
where be attended the Meiji University 
in Tokyo and was graduated from 
the school of political science in 1906 ; 
returned to China in 1907 and finding 
official life distasteful to him and being 
interested in the study of Chinese and 
Western philosophies, decided to devote 
his efforts to the work of education 
and social service in his native city, 
where he successively served as 
instructor, dean and principal of the 
City Middle School, president of the 
City Educational Association, president 
of the Self-Government Institute and 
president of City Assembly — to all these 
post! he was elected by popular vote; 
in 1918, he was elected president of 
Shansi Provincial Educational Associa- 
tion which post he held consecutively 



Gen. Feng Yu-hsiang 
<$ JL # $ & # 
GEN. FENG YU-HSIANG, retired 
army commander ; born at Tsao-hsien, 
Anhwei, 1880 ; attended the Peiyang 
Military School at Tientsin at age of 
16, but left in 1898 before graduation ; 
joined the Army and became a company 
commander ; recommended by his supe- 
riors to study at the Paoting Military 
Academy from which he was graduated ; 
commander of the 3rd regiment of the 
Imperial Army and later provost guard 
regiment of the Metropolis, 1910 ; 
commander of the 16th mixed brigade, 
1913 ; was sent by Yuan Shih-kai to 
Hunan in an attempt to suppress the 
Yunnan Rebellion in 1915, but his troops 
were left in Anhwei when Yuan died in 
the same year ; became first acquainted 
with Wu Pei-fu in Hunan when the 
latter was commanding the 6th brigade 
of the 3rd Division, 1917 ; played 
important role together with Wu pei-fu 
in the Chihli-Anfu War in 1920, which 
resulted in the overthrow of the Anfu 
Party; at Wu's suggestion, his troops 
were reorganised into the 11th Division 
of the National Army and he was 
appointed concurrently director of 
Military Affairs of Shensi ; later acting 
Military Governor of Shensi, still 
commanding the 11th Division, 1921 ; 
took prominent part in the Chihli- 
Fengtien War, commanding the rear 
defence forces and mainly responsible 
for the defeat of Fengtien faction ; 
Military Governor of Honan, 1922 ; 
Inspector-General of the National Army 
with headquarters at Peking, 1922 ; 
made a Full-General, 1923 ; Director- 
General for the Defence of the 
Northwestern Provinces, 1923 ; created 
a Marshal, 1923 ; married Miss Li 
Teh-chuan, secretary of the Peking 
Y.M.C.A. 1924 ; betrayed Wu Pei-fu in 
the 2nd Chihli-Fengtien War in 1924 
and made the then President Tsao Kun 



prisoner at Peking expelled the "Baby 
Emperor" Pu Yi from the Palace, 1924; 
he together with Chang Tso-lin made 
Tuan Chi-jui Provisional Chief Execu- 
tive functioning as President of China, 
1924 ; appointed Defence Commissioner 
of the Northwestern Territory, 1924; 
defeated by the Fengtien troops at 
Nankow, in 1926 and was forced to 
take refuge in Russia, where he stayed 
for one year, returning to China in 
1927 ; joined hands with the Nationalist 
Revolutionary Forces in 1927 and 
assisted in the defeat of the Northern 
Armies ; appointed member of the State 
Council of the National Government 
and vice-President of the Executive 
Yuan and concurrently Minister of 
War, 1928-29 ; elected member of the 
Central Executive Committee of ■ Kuo- 
mintang and member of the Central 
Political Council, 1929 ; was relieved 
of all his political and military 
appointments by the National Govern- 
ment for revolting against Nanking, 
1929 ; took leading part in the formation 
of the Northern Military Coalition in 
Peiping in opposition to Nanking 
Government, 1930 ; after the collapse 
of the Coalition, he retired to Shansi 
and stayed there for about a year: 
upon the outbreak of the Mukden 
Affair in Sept., 1931, he urged peace 
between Nanking and Canton and 
came down to Shanghai for a short 
time; re-instated as member of the 
Central Executive Committee and of 
the State Council, Dec., 1931 ; retired to 
mount Taishan, Shantung, 1932 and left 
there for Kalgan in Charhar, autumn 
of 1932 ; advocates armed resistance 
against the Japanese aggression and 
was proclaimed "Commander-in-Chief of 
the People's Allied Anti-Japanese Army" 
in Chahar with headquarters at Kalgan ; 
after the collapse of the movement 
there, he again retired to Taishan in 
Shantung ; attended the 5th Kuomin- 
tang National Congress at Nanking 
Nov. 1935 and was elected member 
of the Central Executive Committee; 
he is now residing in Nanking. 




Fung Yu-lan (Feng Yu-lan) 
'&, A $ 
FUNG YU-LAN, university profes- 
sor ; born in Honan, 1890 ; studied 
philosophy in the National University 
of Peking, graduating in 1918 ; took 
postgraduate work in Columbia Uni- 
versity, U.S.A., receiving Ph.D. degree 
1923, his doctoral dissertation 
being entitled "A Comparative Study 
of Life Ideals" ; professor of philosophy 
and dean of the department of liberal 
arts of Chung Chow University, 
Kaifeng, Honan ; professor of philosophy 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



75 



of Yenching University, Peiping, 
1927 ; professor of philosophy at 
Tsinghua University, since 1927 ; visi- 
ting lecturer in Great Britain under 
the auspices of the Universities' China 
Committee, 1933-34 ; contributing editor 
of the International Journal of Ethics, 
Chicago ; the Journal of Philosophy, 
New York ; and editor of the Mind's 
Echo, a bi-weekly published at Kaifeng ; 
address : Tsinghua University, Peiping. 




Gen. Feng Peng-chu (Feng Yun-ching) 

* **> € $ s. -fr 

GEN. FENG PENG-CHU, army 
officer ; born at Yenmen, Shansi, 1884 ; 
descended from a family historically 
distinguished for public services ; be- 
came a member of Kuomintang when 
a youth ; attended the Taiyuan Military 
School in the closing years of the 
Ching (Manchu) Dynasty and later 
the Peiping Military Academy ; upon 
the outbreak of the Revolution, in 1911, 
he hurriedly left Peiping for Shansi 
and took part in the revolutionary 
uprising against Manchu troops in his 
native province, for which service, he 
was appointed a company commander 
in Shansi Revolutionary Army ; after 
the overthrow of the Manchu Regime, 
he returned to the Peking Military 
Academy and because of his excellent 
record, was sent to the Paoting 
Military Officers' College for advanced 
training, from which he was gra- 
duated ; following graduation, he again 
entered army service and was 
successively appointed as company 
commander, battalion commander, staff 
officer, adjutant officer, instructor and 
other posts ; in 1922, he was entrusted 
by the Shansi Provincial Government 
to train up a new army at the famous 
Wutai Mountains in Shansi ; when a 
civil war broke out in the Yenmen 
district, he assumed the command of 
a regiment and with a force of 6 
battalions, successfully held out against 
the enemy for more than half a year ; 
for this service, he was promoted 
commander of an artillery regiment 
with the rank of Lt.-General ; in 1927, 
when the Shansi Army joined the 
Northern Expeditionary Forces, he 
served as commander of the artillery 
corps of the Left Wing Army of the 
Shansi Force and successively captured 
Kalgan and Hsuanhua from the 
Fengtien troops of the late Marshal 
Chang Tso-lin ; in the following year, 
he pushed the advance of his army 
eastward and captured Paoting and 
Peiping ; in recognition of this high 
service, he was appointed commander 
of an artillery brigade with the rank 



of Major-General and soon promoted 
Commander of 42nd Division in charge 
of the garrison of Peiping ; during the 
Civil War in 1931 (against Nanking), 
he was promoted Commander of the 
9th Army and fought many battles in 
Honan and Shantung with credit ; 
in 1931, his Army was reorganised 
as the 4th Division and later as the 
67th Division of which he remained 
as Commander ; in 1933, when the 
Headquarters of the Pacification 
Commissioner of Shansi and Suiyuan 
was organized, he was appointed by 
Gen. Yen Hsi-shan, Director of the 
Headquarters, as Chief of the Adjutants' 
Office of the Headquarters which 
position he now retains ; author of 
''Notes on Army Administration" and 
"Maxims for Military Men" ; address : 
Headquarters, Pacification Commissioner 
for Shansi and Suiyuan, Taiyuan, 
Shansi. 





J. Pinkuet Fu (Fu Pin-kuel) 

4 * £ ^ •*» £ 
secretary to the Director-General of 
Military Affairs for Chekiang ; director 
of the Inland Waterworks Co. ; agent of 
the American Bank Note Co. ; chief 
compradore of the Asia Banking Corpo- 
ration, Shanghai ; secretary of the China 
Merchants' Steam Navigation Company; 
he is now general manager of the 
Chung Wai Bank ; address : Chung Wai 
Bank, Avenue Edward VII, Shanghai. 



Fu Hung-chun 

$-%,&$&&. 

FU HUNG-CHUN, business man; 
popularly known as Fu Yoong-ding ; 
born at Li-li, Kiangsu in 1874 ; received 
his education under several noted 
scholars ; received his Hsiu-tsai degree 
by examination in Kiangsu ; organized 
the Zu Jen Primary School in his 
native village in 1906 ; elected chairman 
of the Li-li Educational Association in 
1913 and was concurrently principal of 
the Li-li High School and Li-li Third 
Primary School ; appointed principal 
of the First Kuo Ming School of 
Kiangsu, 1914 ; elected chairman of the 
Li-li Educational Research Association, 
1915 ; elected educational commissioner 
of Li-li district, 1918 ; elected chairman 
of the council of the Wukiang Educa- 
tional Association in 1921, but resigned 
the same year to become secretary to 
the managing director of the Cotton 
Goods Exchange at Shanghai, which 
position he still holds ; he is concurrently 
secretary of the Exchange Association 
of Shanghai ; in 1924 he was winner of 
the first prize in a competition held 
by the China Weekly Review for the 
most practical peace plan for China ; 
address : Shanghai Chinese Cotton Goods 
Exchange, Shanghai. 




J. PINKUET FU, banker; born at 
Chinhai, Chekiang, 1898 ; son of Fu 
Siao-an, Shanghai banker and shipping 
merchant ; educated at the Nanyang 
College, Shanghai ; managing-director of 
the Chang Dah Yuan ..^rdware and 
Metals Company at age of 19 ; advisory 



Foo Ping-sheung (Fu Ping-chang) 

#4t"t 

FOO PING-SHEUNG, Government 
official ; born at Namhoi, Kwangtung, 
1895; attended St. Stephen's School, 
studying engineering and was graduated 
after four years' study ; later studied 
at Hongkong University graduating 
with honors and was awarded the 1st 
class medal by London University; 
vice-engineer-in-chief of the Shanghai- 
Hangchow-Ningpo Railway; chief of 
the printing and engraving bureau of 
the Department of Administration of the 
Constitutional Government at Canton ; 
official attache to the delegation of 
the Canton Constitutional Government 
to the Paris Peace Conference, 1919 ; 
secretary to the late Dr. Wu Ting-fang, 
1918-20 ; Commissioner of Foreign 
Affairs for Kiungehow, Kwangtung, 
1920-22 ; Superintendent of Customs 
and Commissioner of Foreign Affairs 
at Canton, 1922-26; secretary of the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs and later 
vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs of the 



76 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



Nationalist Government, 1927; director 
of Customs Administration, 1927 ; ac- 
companied Dr. C. C. Wu to America, 
1927-28 ; since his return to China 
in the autumn of 1928, he has been 
a member of the Foreign Relations 
Committee of the National Government 
and member of the Legislative Yuan 
and concurrently Chairman of its 
Foreign Relations Committee ; appointed 
Chinese Minister to Belgium. February, 
1929, but did not proceed to the post ; 
elected member of the Central Execu- 
tive Committee of Kuomintang, Nov. 
1935 ; address : Legislative Yuan, 
Nanking. 




Dr. Shanking Fu (Fu Shang-ling) 

SHANG-LING FU, university pro- 
fessor ; born in Swatow, Kwangtung, 
1902 ; received his preliminary education 
from his parents ; graduated with 
B.A. from the University of Shanghai, 
1921 ; teacher at the Swatow Academy 
and concurrently lecturer of the 
Kwangtung Provincial Commercial 
College and secretary of the Swatow 
Y.M.C.A., 1921-23; president of the 
Swatow Sunday Club, 1923 ; organiser 
of the Ling Tung Experimental School 
for promoting Mass Education and did 
social reform work with his brother, 
Dan. S. Y. Fu, director of the Swatow 
Municipal Sanitary Laboratory and 
president of the Swatow Academy, 
1921-23 ; member of the Hongkong 
Chinese General Chamber of Commerce, 
Hon. Secretary of the Hongkong 
Chinese Merchants' League and Manager 
of the Hwamer Co., London, 1924-25 ; 
delegate to the World's 9th Sunday 
School Convention, Glasgow, 1924, and 
Hon. Vice-President of the Paisley 
District Sunday School Union since 
1928; Hon. Secretary of the Central 
Union of Chinese Students in Great 
Britain and Ireland and of the Union 
of Chinese Associations in Great Britain, 
1925-1926; Editor of The Chinese 
Student, London, 1926-1927 ; travelled 
extensively in Great Britain giving 
lectures on China, 1924-29 ; member 
of the Royal Asiatic Society, British 
Institute of Philosophical Studies, China 
Society, American Sociological Society ; 
Hon. Fellow of le Societe Internationale 
de Philologie, Sciences et Beaux-Arts 
and its representative in China ; Fellow 
of the Royal Economic Society ; post- 
graduate studies in the London School 
of Economics and Political Science of 
the University of London and research 
work in the School of Oriental Studies 
at Cambridge, 1925-1929 ; received 
Litt. D., 1931 ; Dean, Head of Depart- 
ment and Professor of Sociology and 
History, Fukien Christian University, 



Foochow 1929-30 ; Professor of the 
National Tsing Hua University and 
concurrently exchange lecturer of 
Yenching University and lecturer of 
the National Normal University, Peiping, 
1930-32 ; Hon. President of the Tientsin 
Anglo-Chinese College, 1932-33 ; Head of 
the Department and Professor of Socio- 
logy, National Sunyatsen University, 
Canton ; author of "The Forms of the 
Family and Social Organisation," "A 
Social Morphological Study of the 
Existing Complex of the Chinese Family 
Group," "One Generation of Chinese Stu- 
dies in Cambridge," "The Chinese Fami- 
ly-a Sociological Study of Its Structure," 
"Records of the Aboriginal Tribes in 
South Western China," "Hsing-Shih 
$£ j£ ) , — an Index to the Social 
Organisation in China," "Kinship 
System in China," "The Word 'Chia' 
•^ ), a Philological Study, showing its 
Sociological Significance," "Foreword 
to the Chinese Student," "Sociological 
Foundations of Peace," "Lord Shafts- 
bury and Social-Industrial Progress, 
— a Review," "Christian Education in 
China," "Buddhist Philosophy," "The 
Chinese Renaissance" "Two Builders 
of Civilisation," "Backgrounds of Social 
Disorders in China," etc. ; address : 
National Sunyatsen University, Canton. 




Fu Ssu-nien (Fu Szu-nien) 

# * + f A $r 

FU SSU-NIEN, university professor 
and writer ; born at Liao-cheng, Shan- 
tung, March 26, 1896 ; graduated from 
National University of Peking, 1919 ; 
studied in University College of London 
1920-22 ; in Berlin University 1923-26 ; 
Dean of the Faculty of Letters, Nation- 
al Sunyatsen University of Canton 
1927-28 ; Director of the Institute of 
History and Philology of the "Academia 
Sihica" since 1929 ; Honorary Professor 
of History at National University of 
Peking ; scientific papers published 
chiefly in the Bulletin of the Institute 
of History and Philology ; address : 
Institute of History and Philology, 
Academia Sinica, Peihai Park, Peiping ; 
or Academia Sinica, Nanking. 



FU TSENG-HSIANG, retired Gov- 
ernment official ; born at Chiangan, 
Szechuen, 1872 ; a Hanlin compiler 
under the Manchu regime, 1898 ; secre- 
tary to Yuan Shih-kai, then Viceroy 
of Chihli, 1903-05 ; superintendent of 
education at Tientsin, 1906 ; founded 
the Peiyang Normal School for Women 
at Tientsin in the same year ; commis- 
sioner of education for Chihli, 1908 ; 
participated in the 1911 Revolution ; 
Minister of Education, 1917 ; later, 




Fu Tseno-hsiang 

# *$ M % Vt ■&- 

superintendent of the Chinese students 
in Japan ; adviser to President Hsu 
Shih-chang, 1919 ; director of the 
Government Financial Liquidation Office, 
1922 ; he is now living in retirement 
in Tientsin, occasionally contributing 
articles to Chinese newspapers and 
periodicals there. 




Gen. Fu Tso-yi 

GEN. FU TSO-YI, Government 
official; born in Shansi, 1885; graduate 
of Paoting Military Officers' College ; 
served successively as battalion, regi- 
mental, brigadier and divisional com- 
manders in the Army ; joined the 
Nationalist Revolutionary Army in 1927 
and was ordered to attack Chochow in 
Hopei ; after capture of the city, he 
was made Commander-in-Chief of the 
5th Army of the 3rd Croup Army 
(under command of Gen. Yen Hsi- 
shan), June, 1927 and concurrently 
Garrison Commander of Tientsin ; upon 
reorganization of his Army in March, 
1931, he became Commander of 35th 
Army and concurrently Commander of 
73rd Division ; Chairman of Suiyuan 
Provincial Government, since August, 
1931 ; during the Japanese invasion of 
North China in 1933, he was made 
Commander-in-Chief of the 7th Army of 
the Northern Army in Hwaijow and 
Changping to resist the invaders ; cam- 
paigned against Gen. Sun Tien-ying in 
Ninghsia, Feb., 1934 ; address : Suiyuan 
Provincial Government, Kweihua, Sui- 
yuan. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



77 





Fu Siao-en (Fu Hsiao an) 
4 $ fy £ «. 4 
FU SIAO-EN, banker; born at 
Chin-hai, Chekiang, 1871 ; came to 
Shanghai at an early age to engage 
in business and became one of the 
formost businessmen in Shanghai ; 
during his business career, he has held 
the following important positions : — 
director and general manager of the 
Commercial Bank of China, Ltd. ; 
director and member of the Arbitration 
Committee of the Chinese General 
Chamber of Commerce, Shanghai ; 
director of the Ningpo Commercial 
Bank, Ltd. ; director of the Chung Hua 
Commercial & Savings Bank, Ltd. ; 
managing director and manager of 
properties of the China Merchants' 
Steam Navigation Co., Ltd. ; general 
manager of the Inland Steam Launch 
Co. ; manager of the C. M. Inland 
Engine Works ; director of the Han Yeh 
Ping Iron & Coal Co., Ltd. ; chairman 
of the association of shareholders of 
the Han Yen Ping Iron & Coal Co. ; 
director of the Shanghai Native Water- 
works Co. ; director of the Lungchang 
Paper Mills ; director of the Wah Shing 
Fire & Marine Insurance Co., Ltd. ; 
director of the Tai Lai Flour Mills ; 
director of the Credit Franco-Chinois ; 
director of the Nicholas Tsu Engineer- 
ing Works ; and director of the Sino- 
French Navigation Co., etc. ; active in 
public affairs and for a time came 
into close relations with Wu Pei-fu 
and Sun Chuan-fang ; assisted Sun 
Chuan-fang in his war against Na- 
tionalist Revolutionary Armies in 1927 
by affording him facilities of military 
transport by China Merchants' steam- 
ships, 1927 ; was ordered to be arrested 
by the Nanking Government, 1927 ; took 
refuge in Dairen 1927 ; now director of 
the Commercial Bank of China ; address : 
Commercial Bank of China, The Bund, 
Shanghai. 



FU TUNG, university president; 
born at Lanfang, Honan, 1887 ; received 
his preliminary education at Kaifeng 
Middle School, Kaifeng, Honan, 1902-05 ; 
studied at Sugamo Kobun School and 
Toyo University, Tokyo, Japan, 1905- 
12 ; pursued his advanced education in 
England where he attended the Uni- 
versity of Birmingham and University 
of Oxford 1913-19 ; 3ince his return, 
he has successively served as professor 
of philosophy at the Government 
Peiping University, the Normal Univer- 
sity and the Peking University, Pei- 
ping, President of Northwest University, 




Fu Tung 

$. in $ 4* -fr 

Sianfu, Shensi ; now, President of the 
University of Anhwei, Anking ; editor 
of "Philosophia" Peiping, the first 
philosophical journal in China ; writer 
of articles and treatises on topics of 
philosophy and kindred subjects ; some 
of his essays have been included in 
Hasting's Encyclopedia of Religion and 
Ethics ; address : 1 and 2 Shih-San-Tian 
Hutung, Kung-Men-Ko, Peiping W. 




Daniel C. Fu (Fu Jo-yu) 

4 % $ £ & 

DANIEL C. FU, educator and social 
worker ; born at Huchow, Chekiang 
in 1892 ; received his early education in 
Hangchow and was graduated from 
the University of Shanghai in 1915 ; 
taught English for one year at Yate's 
Academy at Soochow before going to 
America in 1916 ; he studied first at 
William Jewell College in Missouri and 
later at the University of Chiacgo, 
specializing in Sociology and Education, 
graduating with Ph.B. and M.A. 
degrees from the two institutions 
respectively ; being a self-supporting 
student, he went through college and 
university by working on farms and 
also lecturing on China ; in 1918 he 
gave up his study in America and 
went over to France to work for 
the Chinese laborers on the battlefields, 
serving first as field worker in charge 
of a "Y" Hut in Boulogne and 
afterwards as editor-in-chief of + * , e 
Chinese Laborer's Weekly in Paris ; 



during his two-year's stay in Europe 
he travelled extensively on the 
Continent to study educational and 
social conditions ; upon his return to 
America in 1920 he accepted for one 
year the general secretaryship of the 
Chinese Student's Christian Association 
in North America, in which capacity 
he again had opportunities to travel ; 
during the same period he was 
managing editor of Christian China. 
a monthly published by the Chinese 
Christian students in America ; in the 
fall of 1921 he went back to Chicago 
to resume his study but returned to 
China the next spring ; upon return 
he joined the National Y.M.C.A. in 
Shanghai with special responsibility in 
mass education work ; he was associated 
with Dr. Y. C. James Yen in starting 
the Mass Education Movement in 
China, being joint author with him of 
the first Thousand Character Book 
ever published in China and author 
by himself of many other books ; he 
held the position of general director 
of the Association for the Advancement 
of Mass Education in Shanghai, 
1923-26 ; during the same period he 
also served for a short time as 
Professor of Sociology at Kwanghwa 
University and Fuhtan University; he 
was sent to Nanking and made general 
secretary of the Y.M.C.A., 1928-29 ; in 
Nanking he served concurrently as 
director of the Vocational Guidance 
Bureau of the city; he has been 
officially connected with the National 
Committee of the Y.M.C.A.'s of China 
ever since 1922, serving in various 
capacities as mass education secretary, 
principal of the Secretaries' Summer 
School, director of the 1930 Special 
Study, chairman and secretary of the 
Employed Officer's Association, executive 
secretary of the Twelfth National 
Convention, editor of Tung Kung 
Monthly; _ at present he is holding 
the position of National Educational 
Secretary of the Y.M.C.A.'s of China 
with headquarters at 131 Museum Road, 
Shanghai. 



Ha Han-chang 
& >£ $ f f Jt 
HA HAN-CHANG, army officer. 
(See Page 129-30, 4th Edition). 




Han Ngan (Han An) 
4* * £ 4T + 

HAN NGAN, municipal councillor; 
born at Chao Hsien, Anhwei in 
1885 ; studied at Nanking University 
1896-1905, graduating with A.B. degree : 



78 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



went to America on a Government 
scholarship and entered Cornell Univer- 
sity where he studied from 1907-09 ; 
entered the University of Michigan and 
studied forestry from 1909-11 ; studied 
agriculture a t the University of 
Wisconsin, 1911-12 ; from these institu- 
tions, he received the degree of A.B. 
in 1909 and M.Cs.F. in 1911 ; on 
returning to China in 1912, he joined 
the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry 
and was promoted senior secretary ; 
assistant of the Bureau of Forestry 1915 
and editor-in-chief of the Agriculture 
and Forestry Review; transferred to 
the Peiping-Hankow Railway in 1919 ; 
appointed commissioner of industry for 
Suiyuan and director of the Bureau of 
Lands ; went to Moscow through Outer 
Mongolia in 1926 and from there to 
Canton where he helped in planning the 
northern military expedition ; appointed 
a member of the Anhwei Provincial 
Government and concurrently Mayor 
of Anking in 1927 and in the same 
year, was transferred to the post of 
Commissioner of Education for Anhwei ; 
he is at present councillor of the 
municipal government of Tsingtao ; 
address: Tsingtao Municipal Govern- 
ment, Tsingtao. 




Gen. Han Fu chu 

# 4L m 9 fo * 

GEN. HAN FU-CHU, Chairman of 
Shantung Provincial Government ; born 
at Pai-hsien, Hopei, 1890 ; started his 
career as a common soldier ; Commander 
of the National 1st Provisional Division ; 
Commander of the National 6th Army ; 
Commander-in-Chief of the 6th Route 
Army of the Kuominchun Allied Army; 
Field Commander-in-Chief of the 6th 
Route Army of the 2nd Group Army ; 
member of the Military Council of the 
National Government ; member of Hopei 
Provincial Government; Chairman of 
Honan Provincial Government and 
concurrently member of the Committee 
for the Readjustment of Party Affairs 
in Honan ; Field Commander-in-Chief 
of the 3rd Route Army and later 
Field Commander-in-Chief of the 1st 
Group Army of the Anti-Rebel Army ; 
Chairman of the Shantung Provincial 
Government and concurrently member 
of the Committee for the Readjustment 
of Party Affairs in Shantung ; State 
Councillor of the National Government ; 
Bandit Suppression Commander of 
Honan and Shantung ; Commander-in- 
Chief of the General Reserve of the 
Communist Suppression Force ; member 
of the Peiping Political Readjustment 
Commission and member of the Peiping 
Branch of the National Military Affairs 
Commission ; address : Shantung Provin- 
cial Government, Tainan, Shantung. 




Han Lih-wu 

%L .&. 3^ 

HAN LIH-WU, educational worker; 
born at Chu-Chow, Anhwei, 1902 ; B.A. 
University of Nanking, Nanking, 1924 ; 
Research Student, University of London, 
England, 1926-28; Honorary Fellow in 
Political Science, University of Wis- 
consin, U.S.A., 1928-29, M.A., 1928; 
appointed editor, Examination Yuan 
1929 ; editor-in-chief. Editorial Bureau, 
Examination Commission, 1930 ; Research 
Professor, University of Nanking, 
1930-32 % Professor and Head of 
Department of Political Science, 
National Central University, 1931 ; 
Honorary Fellow, Academia Sinica ; 
now Director, Office of the Board of 
Trustees For the Administration of 
British Remitted Indemnity Funds ; 
address : 78 Shansi Road, Nanking. 




N. L. HAN, merchant; born at 
Soochow, Kiangsu, 1880 ; founder and 
general-manager of the National 
Transport Company, Shanghai ; went 
to America in 1904 to attend an 
exposition held at St. Louis and 
while there, took courses at Jones 
Commercial College, at the same 
time studying the American express 
transportation systems ; founded the 
China Express Company of Shanghai 
upon his return to China ; assisted in 
the 1911 Revolution as a transportation 
officer of the Republican Forces ; 
a director of St. Luke's Hospital, 
Shanghai ; of National Committee, 
Y.M.C.A. of China; of the Shanghai 
Y.M.C.A. and of the Chants Academy, 
Shanghai ; address : National Transport 
Co., 201-5 Broadway Road, Shanghai. 




Han Lin-sung 

# m £ % % ps 

HAN LIN-SUNG, Customs Super- 
intendent ; born at Mukden, Liaoning ; 
Bachelor of Commerce, University of 
Edinburgh, Scotland ; Mayor of Mukden 
Municipality ; associate manager of the 
Bank of Three Eastern Provinces ; 
managing-director of Peiping-Mukden 
Railway ; managing-director of Kirin- 
Tenghwa Railway; Superintendent of 
Customs, Tientsin, Hopei. 



He Tsi-hua (Hao Tsl-hua) 

HE TSI-HUA, army medical officer; 
born at Tacheng, Hopei ; after being 
graduated from the Peiyang Army 
Medical School in 1916, he was 
appointed a military surgeon officer 
in Southern China ; during the fighting 
between Chi Hsieh-yuan and Lu Yung- 
hsiang in 1924, he was with Chi's 
forces and was chief of the field 
hospitals of the military commissarists 
at Changchow, Chinkiang and other 
places ; when Chen Tiao-yuan became 
Commander-in-Chief of Anhwei, he was 
appointed chief of the military surgeon 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



79 



division ; upon the inauguration of the 
Northern Punitive Expedition, he 
became surgeon-general and concurrently 
chief of the field hospital of the 
National 37th Army ; later promoted 
chief of the board of surgeons of 
the Military Council ; chief of the 
commission for the rehabilitation of the 
wounded, 1928; principal of the Army 
Medical School and concurrently chief 
of the board of surgeons of the surgery 
department of the Ministry or War 
of the National Government since 
1929 : address : Department of Surgery, 
Ministry of War, Nanking. 




Ho Cheng-chun 

M A *> * * % 

HO CHENG-CHUN, army officer; 
born at Suichow, Hupeh in 1882 ; was 
graduated from the Japanese Military 
Officers' Academy, Tokyo ; joined 
Tungminghui in Japan, 1910; Lieut.- 
Gen. and chief of general affairs of 
Ministry of War of Nanking Provisional 
Government, 1912 ; commander of the 
advance force of the Eastern Route 
Bandit Suppression Army, Fukien, 
1922 ; Commander-in-Chief of Fukien 
Army in 1924 and later appointed 
Commander-in-Chief of Hupeh Army 
of Chien Kuo Chun ; Commander-in- 
Chief of Left Wing of the Northern 
Expeditionary Army, 1924 ; director of 
peace maintenance bureau of Northern 
Hupeh and member of Hupeh Political 
Council, 1926 ; appointed high adviser to 
the National Revolutionary Army Head- 
quarters in Nanking and member of 
Military Council, 1927 ; Chairman of 
National Military Advisory Council of 
National Government, 1928 ; Director of 
the ( Commander-in-Chief's Provisional 
Headquarters at Peiping and Com- 
mander of 9th Bandit Suppression 
Army, 1929 ; Commander-in-Chief of 
5th Route Army of Bandit Suppression 
Forces, winter 1929 ; Chairman of 
Hupeh Provincial Government and 
concurrently Commander of 3rd Unit 
of Bandit Suppression Army 1930 ; 
State Councillor of the National Govern- 
ment, member of the Central Executive 
Committee of Kuomintang and Director 
of the Hupeh Pacification Headquarters, 
since 1931; address: Hupeh Pacification 
Headquarters, Hankow. 




HO CHI - KUNG, Government 
official ; born at Tungeheng, Anhwei in 
1898 ; while yet young he took up the 
study of Chinese literature, agriculture 
and political economy; in 1917 he 
promoted the Wuhu Agricultural 
Ground ; later, he became a teacher 



Ho Chi-kung 

and reporter in Peiping ; in 1924 he 
served as secretary to the Defence 
Commissioner of Northwestern Frontier ; 
then, he was sent to Soviet Russia to 
study politics ; in 1925 he served as 
secretary-general of the Commander of 
Suiyuan Force, and later as secretary- 
general to the Commander of Peking 
Metropolitan Guard ; he went to Japan 
in 1926, then to Moscow and re- 
turned to China with General Feng 
Yu-hsiang ; later he was appointed 
as secretary-general to the Commander- 
in-Chief of the National 2nd Group 
Army and concurrently advisor to 
the National Government; in 1928 he 
became chief of the civil administration 
of South Honan, and concurrently 
Commander of Min Twan Chun (Militia 
Corps), executive member of the 
Political Committee and chief of the 
Internal Defence Department in the 
Headquarters of the National 2nd Group 
Army, member of the Kaifeng Branch 
of the Central Political Council ; Mayor 
of the Peiping Special Municipality 
1928-29 ; member of the Peiping Branch 
of the Central Political Council, member 
of the Reconstruction Committee of 
the National Government, member of 
the Nanking Metropolitan Reconstruction 
Committee of the National Government, 
member of the Flood Relief Committee 
of the National Government ; in 1981 
he served as member of the political 
department in the Headquarters of the 
Generalissimo of the Army, Navy and 
Air Force of the National Government, 
member of Anhwei Provincial Govern- 
ment and concurrently Commissioner 
Education, and secretary-general of the 
National Finance Committee of the 
National Government ; in 1932 he was 
re-appointed member of the Anhwei 
Provincial Government and concurrently 
Commissioner of Finance, and member 
of the Hwai Ho Drainage Committee 
of the National Government ; secretary- 
general of the Peiping Council of 
Political Affairs of the Executive Yuan 
and concurrently member of the said 
Council, 1932-35 ; last known address : 
Peiping Political Council, Peiping. 




HO CHIEH, university professor; 
born at Canton, Kwangtung in 1888 ; 
studied at Canton Christian College, 
1903-06 and at the Tangshan Railway 
and Engineering College, 1906-09 ; 
went to America on a Government 
scholarship and studied at the Colorado 
School of Mines, 1910-13 and received 
his E. M. (engineer of mines) degree; 



Ho Chieh 

-fer & $ A # 

took post-graduate work on coal and 
iron at Lehigh University, 1913-14 and 
received his M.Sc. degree; returned 
to China in 1914 and was professor of 
mining and metallurgy at the National 
University of Peking 1914-19 ; dean 
of the engineering school, 1919-23 and 
dean of the school of geology, 1919-24 ; 
he held concurrent posts as assistant 
engineer of the Chou Siang Railway, 
1917 and professor of mathematics at 
the University of Communications, 
Peking, 1923-24 ; dean and professor of 
mining at Peiyang University, Tientsin 
from 1924 to the present and acting 
president of the university June to 
December, 1928 ; he is a member of 
the American Institute of Mining and 
Metallurgical Engineers (1913), the 
Association of Chinese and American 
Engineers (1920), the Geological Society 
of China 1922 — councillor in 1924 in 
the Chinfse Institute of Mining and 
Metallurgy (1926) ; author of "Ore 
Analysis," "Analysis of Iron and 
Steel," "Technical Gas Analysis," "Fire 
Assaying," "Metallurgy of Iron and 
Steel," "Mine Sampling and Valuation" 
and "A Popular Gem Stone of North 
China" ; last known address : Peiyang 
University, Tientsin. 




G. Zay Wood (Ho Chieh-ts'ai) 

*r & ■* S * if 

G. ZAY WOOD, Government official; 
born at Tsa-Chao, Shanghai, August 
27, 1895 ; received his preliminary 



80 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



education in Sungkiang and Nanyang 
Middle Schools; studied at Tsinghua 
College, Peking, 1913-15, after which he 
was sent to America on a Government 
scholarship and entered Yale University ; 
he received his A.B. in 1917 and then 
went to Harvard University and took 
his M.A. degree in political science in 
1918 ; he was awarded the Charles 
Washburn Clark prize in 1917 for his 
essay on "The Diplomatic and Consular 
Service of the U.S. as compared 
with that of European Countries" ; 
studied international law at Columbia 
University, 1918-21 ; he was appointed 
a Curtis Fellow in International Law 
by the University in both 1919 and 
1920 ; while in school in America he 
was editor of the Chinese Students 
Monthly and the Far Eastern Republic 
and a frequent contributor to American 
newspapers and magazines ; he was 
twice elected president of the Chinese 
Political Science Association ; he was 
temporarily attached to the Chinese 
Legation in Washington, D.C. and a 
member of the Chinese delegation to 
the Washington Conference in 1921, 
serving as an assistant in the Chinese 
press bureau ; returned to China in 
1922 and became chief editor of the 
Peking Daily News, at the same time 
acting as secretary to the commission on 
the National Financial Conference ; he 
joined the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 
in January, 1923 and in June was 
made secretary to the Cabinet ; editor 
and publisher of the Evening World, 
Peking 1923 ; acting Commissioner of 
Foreign Affairs at Shanghai 1927 ; 
Director of the European Affairs 
Department of the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs of the Nationalist Government, 
1928 ; secretary of the Peiping Political 
Council, 1934-35 ; now member of the 
Treaty Commission of the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs ; author of "The Anglo- 
Japanese Alliance," "The Twenty-One 
Demands," "The China-Japanese Trea- 
ties," "The Shantung Question," "A 
Study in Diplomacy and World Politics" 
and the booklet "China and Japan" ; 
Address : c/o Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, Nanking. 




Gen. Ho Chien 

M at * * * 

GEN. HO CHIEN, Government offi- 
cial; born at Liling, Hunan in 1887; 
was graduated from Paoting Military 
College ; commander of 9th brigade, 
1920 ; commander of 2nd division of 
Nationalist 8th army, 1926 ; commander 
of Nationalist 35th Army, 1927 ; chair- 
man of commission for rehabilitation 
of western Hunan, 1927 ; associate 
director-general for the pacification of 



Hunan Province, 1928 ; acting Chairman 
of the Anhwei Provincial Government, 
1928 ; commander, reorganized 6th 
division, 4th Group Army and Chairman, 
Hunan Provincial Government since 
April, 1929 ; Commander-in-chief of the 
Government Pursuit Forces of the 
Communists, in 1934 ; Commander-in- 
Chief of the 1st Route Army of the 
Communist-suppression Forces, since 
1935 ; elected member of the Central 
Executive Committee of the Kuomin- 
tang, Nov. 1935 ; author of "Univers- 
alism and Commonwealth" and "The 
Five Human Relationships and Eight 
Virtues ;" address : Hunan Provincial 
Government, Changsha, Hunan. 




Maj.-Gen. Ho Chu-kuo 

4r *t~ia 

MAJ.-GEN. HO CHU-KUO, Com- 
mander of 57th Army ; born at 
Yung-hsien, Kwangsi, 1896 ; graduate 
of Japanese Military Officers' College, 
Tokyo ; instructor at the Paoting 
Military Officers' College and the 
Mukden Military Training School with 
the rank o'f Colonel ; chief of staff 
office of the Headquarters of the 
Inspector-General of First and Third 
Allied Armies (Fengtien) under the 
late Marshal Chang Tso-lin ; Commander 
of 45th Regiment of the Independent 
45th Infantry Brigade of the Fengtien 
Army ; Garrison Commander of Kaifeng, 
Honan ; Commander of the 9th 
Independent Brigade of the 23rd 
Division of the Northeastern Army and 
concurrently Garrison Commander of 
Linyung (Shanhaikwan and Yungping) ; 
when the Japanese invaded Shanhaikwan 
at the beginning of 1933, he valiantly 
defended that Great Wall Pass and 
fought against the Japanese for three 
successive days and nights, but was 
finally forced to abandon it under the 
combined pressure of the Japanese 
Land, Navy and Air Forces ; in 
recognition of his meritorious services 
in opposing the Japanese invaders, he 
was promoted Commander of 57th 
Army by the National Government and 
appointed a member of the Peiping 
Branch Military Affairs Commission ; 
in 1934 his Army was transferred 
to Hupeh for Communist-suppression 
duties ; he is now stationed at Macheng, 
Hupeh ; address : Headquarters, 57th 
Division, Macheng, Hupeh. 



Ho Feng-lin 

HO FENG-LIN army officer. 
(See Page 185, 4th Edition). 




Dr. Feng-shan Ho (Ho Feng-shan) 

DR. FENG-SHAN HO, Government 
official and University professor ; born at 
Yi-Yang, Hunan, 1902 ; was graduated 
from the College of Yale-in-China in 
Changsha, Hunan in 1926 with B.A. 
degree ; served as secretary and 
department director in the Bureau of 
Foreign Affairs in Hunp.n, 1926-29 ; 
was sent by the Hunan Provincial 
Government in the summer of 1929 
to study in Germany where he attended 
the Munich University and received 
his Doctorate in Political Economy, 
1932 ; after graduation, he travelled 
extensively in Europe, studying inter- 
national economic situation ; upon 
return to China in Oct., 1932, he was 
appointed secretary on foreign affairs 
by the Hunan Provincial Government 
and at same time served as adviser 
on financial matters to the 4th Route 
Army and professor at the Hunan 
National University ; in addition to his 
official duties, he devotes much of his 
time and energy to literary work, 
frequently contributing articles to 
newspapers and magazines ; appointed 
by the Hunan Provincial Government 
as Hunan delegate to the Chicago 
Exposition, U.S.A., May, 1933 ; pro- 
motor and co-founder of the "Economic 
Society for Hunan" ; author of two 
books in preparation : "The Policy 
of Chinese Agriculture" and "A 
Comparative Study of the Economic 
Situation of America and Europe" ; 
address: Hunan Provincial Government, 
Changsha, Hunan. 




J. C. Ho (Ho Jui-changi 
*T & # -x *. #r 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



81 



J. C. HO, retired Government 
official ; born at Nanling, Anhui in 
1889 ; was graduated from the Kiangnan 
High School, Nanking and in 1910 
passed the Board of Education 
examination and received the degree 
of M.A. ; English translator in the 
Directorate-General of Railways ; secre- 
tary of the Ministry of Communications 
in 1914 ; in July, 1917 he was appointed 
associate director of the Chu-ching and 
Chow-hsing Railways ; in August, he 
was transferred to the Peking Suiyuan 
Railway in the same position ; appointed 
Secretary in the President's Office in 
November, 1918; in March 1922, he 
was appointed acting councillor of the 
Ministry of Communications and retired 
from political life in September, 1922, 
subsequent to the downfall of the 
Cbiaotung clique ; he has been living 
in retirement since that time. 




Gen. Ho Kuo-kuang 

GENERAL HO KUO-KUANG, army 
officer ; born at Puchi, Hupeh, 1884 ; 
was graduated from the Peking Military 
Cadets' College; Commander of the 5th 
Infantry Division of Hupeh Army; 
Commander of the 15th Army; Com- 
mander of the 4th Nationalist Revolu- 
tionary Army; Director of the Military 
Affairs Bureau of the Military Affairs 
Commission and later Director of the 
General Affairs Chamber of the Com- 
mission ; Inspector of Infantry Forces 
of the Inspectorate-General of Military 
Training; member of the Hupeh 
Provincial Government ; Chief -of-Staff 
of the Field-Headquarters of the Gene- 
ralissimo at Wuchang and Nanchang ; 
Vice-Inspector of the Inpectorate-General 
of 'Military Training ; Garrison Com- 
mander of Nanking; Chief -of -Staff to 
the Commander-in-Chief of the Com- 
munist-suppression Forces for the border 
regions of the three provinces of Kiangsi, 
Kwangtung and Fukien ; Associate 
Director of the 2nd Chamber of the 
Headquarters of the President of the 
Military Affairs Commission ; Director 
of the 1st Chamber of the Nanchang 
Headquarters ; now, Chief of Staff of 
the Provisional Headquarters of the 
President of the Military Affairs 
Commission in Szechuan ; address : 
Headquarters of the President of the 
Military Affairs Commission, Chungking, 
Szechuan. 




FRANKLIN LIEN HO, university 
professor ; born at Paoking, Hunan, 
March 24, 1897 ; received his high 
school education in the preparatory 
school of Yale-in-China, Changsha, 



Franklin Lien Ho (Ho Lien) 

*r M 

from which he was graduated in 1919 ; 
went to America and studied at Pomona 
College, Calif., from which he received 
his A.B. degree in 1922 ; attended the 
graduate school of economics of Yale 
University and in 1926 received his 
Ph.D. degree ; during his college career 
he won several scholarships ; he was 
research assistant at Yale, 1925-26 and 
served as reader in economics for 
three years ; returned to China in 1926 
and became professor of finance and 
statistics at Nankai University, Tientsin, 
which position he still holds ; in 1927 
he organized a committee on social 
and economical research at Nankai 
University and became its director ; he 
served for a time as technical adviser 
to the Bureau of Markets, Shanghai 
and consulting statistician to the 
Bureau of Economic Information, 
Peiping ; he is still honorary technical 
adviser to the Bureau of Statistics of 
the Legislative Yuan and also special 
research fellow of the Department of 
Social Sciences in the National Research 
Institute ; author of "Income Taxation : 
A Comparative Study of Its Administra- 
tive Machinery and Procedure" ; "A 
Weekly Index Number of Commodity 
Prices at Wholesale in North China, 
1913 to the present"; address: Nankai 
University, Tientsin. 




Ho Plng-yln (Ho Plng-hsien) 

* *» ft 

Provinces, 1981 ; concurrently, he serves 
as chairman of the Executive Com- 
mittee, China Commission of Chicago 
International Exposition in 1933 and 
director of publicity of the Committee; 
commissioned by the Ministry of 
Industry to conduct investigations 
of national industries and to serve 
concurrently as Editing-Director of 
China Industrial Handbooks ; author of 
"Police Records System" and several 
books on local self-government and 
foreign trade problems of China; 
address: Bureau of Foreign Trade, 
Customs Building, Shanghai. 



Ho Pel-yung 

M #• >£ # -fli at 

HO PEI-YUNG, official. 
(See Page 137, 4th Edition). 



HO PING-YIN, Government official; 
born at Fan-yu, Kwangtung, 1903 ; 
studied Political Economy and Municipal 
Government at the University of 
California, 1924-27 and received B.A. 
and M.A. degrees respectively in 1926 
and 1927 ; elected member of Pi 
Sigma Alpha Society of the University 
following graduation ; founded the 
Continental University at Shanghai 
1928 and served concurrently as dean of 
the Finance Department and professor 
of English and Municipal Government ; 
did research work in Municipal Govern- 
ment in Europe, 1929 ; appointed 
director of the Bureau of Foreign 
Trade of the Ministry of Industry 
and concurrently chairman of the China 
Steam Filature Raw Silk Marketing 
Committee for Kiangsu and Chekiang 




Ho Ping-sung 

4? A% 4k 

HO PING-SUNG, editor and univer- 
sity president; born at Kinhwa, 
Chekiang. October 18, 1980 ; received 
early education from his father; 
passed the first examination under 
the Manchu regime, receiving the 
degree of "hsiu ts'ai" in 1903 ; 
began modern education in 1904 ; 
graduated from the Provincial College 
of Chekiang with first prize in 
1912 ; studied at the University of 
Wisconsin, U.S.A., on a Government 
scholarship, 1912-15, graduating with 
B.A. degree in 1915 with honor and 
serving as a student assistant 
instructor in the Political Science 
Department of the same University 
during his senior year; did research 
work in the Graduate School of 



82 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



Princeton University in 1915, receiving 
M.A. degree in 1916; after returning? to 
China, served successively as secretary 
to the Civil Governor of Chekiang and 
provincial educational inspector 1916-17 ; 
professor of history at the National 
University of Peking and dean of 
the English as well as the history 
and geography departments of Peking 
Higher Normal School, 1917-22; prin- 
cipal of the First Normal School and 
the First Middle School of Chekiang, 
1922-24; editor of the Commercial 
Press, Ltd., Shanghai, 1924-29; 
editor-in-chief and assistant librarian 
of the Oriental Library, 1929-32; 
after the destruction of the Company 
and the Library by Japanese bombing 
in 1932, he participated in the work 
of reconstruction, and became there- 
after chief secretary to the manage- 
ment and concurrently chairman of 
industrial relations committee; and 
since 1934 has been assistant manager, 
taking charge of the re-organized 
Editorial Department as assistant 
editor-in-chief as well as editor of the 
monthly, Educational Review, and con- 
tinuing meanwhile to hold the chief 
secretaryship and chairmanship ; ap- 
pointed President of the National Chi- 
nan University at Chengju, Shanghai, 
June 1935 ; author of "An Outline of 
Historical Methodology" ; "A History of 
Medieval Europe" ; "General Principles 
of History Writing" ; "An Inquiry into 
the Origin of the Eastern Chekiang 
School of Chinese Philosophy," etc. ; 
address: Head Office, The Commercial 
Press, Ltd., Honan Road, Shanghai. 



in 1923, he was elected Chinese 
delegate to the International Bar 
Association at Manila and has since 
been treasurer of that Association ; 
delegate to the First National Con- 
vention of the Koumintang, 1923; 
dean of Shanghai University, 1923; 
founded the Chih Tze University in 
1924 and has been its president since 
that year; was admitted to the Bar 
and become a legal practitioner at 
Shanghai, 1924-27; elected member 
of the Central Executive Committee 
of Kuomintang at the National Con- 
vention of Kuomintang, 1927ym"ember 
of the Anhwei Provincial Government 
and concurrently Commissioner of 
Education for Anhwei, 1928 ; president 
of Shanghai Provisional Court,/ 1929 ; 
appointed Political vice-Minister of 
Justice in 1932, but did not accept 
the appointment; address: Chih-Tze 
University, Chapei, Shanghai. 



Jack Ho (Ho Shao-huan) 

JACK HO (HO SHAO-HUAN), 

merchant. 

(See Page 137, 4th Edition). 




Ho Shih-chen 

*r -# « * & & 

HO SHIH-CHEN, university presi- 
dent; born at Wang-kiang, Anhwei, 
December 1895 ; studied law at the 
Comparative Law School of China, 
Shanghai, from which he was graduated 
with LL.B. degree with honors in 
1921 ; went to the United States in the 
same year and entered the University 
of Michigan, where he received his 
J.D. deuree ; after his return to 
China, he served for a time as 
professor of law at the Comparative 
Law School of China, from 1923-26; 




Ho Shin-yuan 

+T * $ $ te %l 
HO SHIH - YUAN, Government 
official; born at Ho Tse Hsien, 
Shantung in 1895 ; studied at Peking 
University, 1916-19; went to America 
to study in 1919 ; he was graduat- 
ed from Beloit College with the 
degree of B.Sc. ; from the University 
of Chicago with a M.A. degree ; 
took post-graduate work in Columbia 
University, after which he went to 
Germany ; he did research work in 
Political Economy at Berlin University 
1922-24; went to France and took 
post graduate work in Paris Univer- 
sity 1924-26; while at Paris he did 
work in China's foreign publicity ; 
returned to China in 1926 and was 
made professor of law and political 
science in Chung Shan University, 
Canton ; he was also editor of the 
Canton Gazette and the Kuo Min News; 
since 1927 he has devoted himself 
to Party activities, being member 
oi several party commissions in 
Kwangtung and Shantung ; in 192S 
he was appointed acting director of 
the political department of the Military 
Commission of the National Govern- 
ment ; in May, 1928 he was appointed 
a member of the Shantung Provincial 
Government and concurrently Com- 
missioner of Education which posts he 
still holds ; author of "International 
Economic Policy with Special Re- 
ference to China" ; "Outline of Social 
Policy," and "Methods of Studying 
Social Science" ; address : Shantunp 
Provincial Government, Tsinan, Shan- 
tung. 




Ho Teh-kuei 

^ & *■ 
HO TEH-KUEI, assistant secretary 
of Shanghai Municipal Council; born 
at Kinhwa, Chekiang, 1896; finished 
sophomore year in the National Uni- 
versity of Peking and passed exami- 
nation of the Ministry of Education as 
a Government student for advanced 
studies in the United States of 
America, 1917; Bachelor of Arts, 
University of Wisconsin, U.S.A., 1919 ; 
Master of Business Administration, 
Harvard University, U.S.A., 1921 ; 
professor of Economics and Business 
Administration, Ta-tung University 
and Nanyang College, Shanghai; dean 
of College of Commerce, Kwang Hwa 
University, Shanghai; member of 
Special Chinese Education Committee, 
Shanghai Municipal Council, 1928; 
English Secretary, Shanghai Chinese 
Ratepayers Association; English Sec- 
retary, National Loans Sinking Fund 
Commission; head, Department of 
Economics, Shanghai Law Colleger 
advisory member, Capital Planning 
Commission, Nanking; advisory mem* 
ber, Foreign Relations Commission, 
Ministry for Foreign Affairs ; film, 
censor, Shanghai Municipal Council; 
assistant secretary of Shanghai 
Municipal Council, since 1931 ; address : 
Secretariat, Shanghai Municipal Council, 
Shanghai. 



SIR ROBERT HOTUNG, Kt., LL.D„ 

financier and industrialist ; born at 
Hongkong, Dec. 22, 1862 ; received his 
early education in Chinese schools after 
which he went to Hongkong Central 
School (now Queen's College) for four 
years studying English and graduated 
at the head of his class ; attached 
to the indoor staff of the Maritime 
Customs, 1878-80 ; junior assistant to 
the compradore of Jardine, Matheson 
& Company, Ltd., 1880-82 ; chief com- 
pradore of the Hongkong Fire and 
Canton Insurance Companies, 1SS2-SS : 
after resigning his position because of 
ill health, he launched into many 
business dealings and is now one of 
the richest men in Hongkong : he is 
a large shareholder in the Hongkong 
and Shanghai Banking Corporation and 
is a director in many other concerns, 
including the Hongkong and Whampoa 
Dock Company; Ltd. ; Hongkong Electric 
Company. Ltd., Peak Tramway Com- 
pany, Ltd. ; Hongkong Land Investment 
Company, Ltd. ; Chairman. Hongkong, 
Canton and Macao Steamboat Com- 
pany, Ltd. ; Indo-China Ste.nm Naviga- 
tion Company, Ltd. ; Honszkong Fire 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



83 




Sir Robert Hotuno. (Ho Tunc) 

* jH £ 4k £. 

graduated from the Peiping Military 
Insurance Company, Ltd. ; Canton 
Insurance Company, Ltd. ; Kam Hing 
Knitting Company, Ltd.; China Light 
and Power Company, Ltd. ; China 
Provident Loan and Mortgage Company, 
Ltd. ; Hongkong Rope Manufacturing 
Company, Ltd. ; the Green Island 
Cement Company, Ltd. ; Hongkong & 
Shanghai Hotels, Ltd. ; Douglas Steam- 
ship Co., Ltd. ; Hongkong Engineering 
and Construction Co., Ltd. ; and Chair- 
man of the United Photoplay Service, 
Ltd. ; besides being engaged in these 
businesses he is one of the large 
property holders of Hongkong and has 
also wide personal industrial interests 
in North China and Manchuria ; he is 
known throughout China as one of the 
country's greatest philanthropists ; he 
has given some $260,000 to Hongkong 
University ; he presented to the Colony 
the Kowloon Public School — the first 
civil school for European children in 
Hongkong ; he founded a scholarship 
that bears his name at Queen's College ; 
for many years he has also given 
substantial amounts to famine, flood 
and typhoon sufferers ; in 1915 a 
knighthood was conferred upon him by 
King George ; he. is also the recipient 
of many decorations from the Chinese 
Government, from President Yuan 
Shih-kai down to Li Yuan-hung, includ- 
ing the first class Chia Ho with Grand 
Sash ; he is an officer of the Legion 
of Honour, France ; he is recipient of 
the Red Cross, First Class, of Germany ; 
and a Knight Grand Officer of the 
Ancient Order of Christ, conferred by 
the Portuguese Government and Knight 
of Grace of St. John of Jerusalem ; 
and he holds an honorary degree of 
Doctor of Laws of Hongkong Uni- 
versity ; he represented Hongkong 
as honorary commissioner at the 
Wembley (London) Exhibition, 1924-25; 
he has travelled extensively in both 
America and Europe ; address : Hong- 
kong Bank Building, Hongkong. 



GEN. HO YAO-TSU, Minister to 
Turkey; born at Ninghsiang, Hunan, 
1889 ; received his advanced military 
training at the Japanese Military 
Officers' College, Tokyo, graduating in 
1916; Joined the army service after 
his return from Japan and first served 
in the first division of infantry corp3 
of the Hunan Army as a battalion 
commander and later a brigade 
commander ; promoted commander of the 
same Division, 1923 ; when the Northern 




Gen. Ho Yao-tsu 

1T %. 48- 
Punitive Expedition was launched in 
1926, he was appointed Commander of 
the Second Independent Division of the 
Revolutionary Army and was responsible 
for the capture of Kiukiang from the 
northern militarists; in 1927, his 
troops were incorporated into the 
Right Wing Army operating along the 
Yangtze and succeeded in capturing 
Nanking, for which service, he was 
promoted Commander of. the 40th 
Revolutionary Army and concurrently 
Commander of Martial Law Forces 
of Nanking ; he was also elected 
member of the Central Political 
Council 1931 ; appointed Field-Com- 
mander of the Third Group Army in 
1928 and was relieved of this office 
after the pacification of the North ; 
when the Kwangsi Clique revolted 
against Nanking Government in 1929, 
he was .appointed chief military 
counsellor at the Field Headquarters 
of the Commander-in-Chief and soon 
later appointed chief military councilor 
of the National Government with the 
rank of Marshal which position he 
resigned, Jan., 1932 ; Vice-Chief of Gen- 
eral Staff, 1932-34; appointed Chinese 
Minister to Turkey, Nov. 1934, which 
post he is now holding ; was awarded 
high decorations for his meritorious 
services by the National Government 
in 1930; address: Chinese Legation, 
Angora, Turkey. 




GEN. HO YING-CHIN, Government 
official ; born at Hsingi, Kweichow, 
1889 ; graduated from Kweichow and 
Wuchang junior military schools when 
young ; went to Japan where he 
entered the Japanese Military Academy 
in Tokyo, 1909, and joined the Tung 
Ming Hui ; participated in the 1911 
Revolution ; pursued further studies in 
Japan ; after graduation from that 
Academy, was appointed principal of 
the Kweichow Military Institute, Chief 
of Staff of the Kweichow Army, 
Commander of a mixed-brigade, and 
Chief of the Kweiyang Police Depart- 
ment ; chief instructor and dean 
of the Whampoa Military Cadets' 
Academy. Kwangtung, 1924 ; Commander 
of the First Brigade of the Nationalist 
Army in Kwangtung, 1925 ; suppressed 
the insurrection of certain Canton 
merchant groups and that of Yang 
Hsi-min and Liu Ch'en-huan ; rendered 
distinguished service in the Weichow, 
Mienhu and Pelo expeditions ; was 
promoted a Division Commander and 
later an Army Commander ; concurrently 
he served as Pacification Commis- 
sioner of Tungkiang, Kwangtung ; 



Gen. Ho Ying-chin 

M M & 

was in charge of the police forces at 
Chaochow and Meihsiian, Kwangtung, 

1926, when the Nationalist Revolutionary 
Army began its Northern Expedition ; 
later, was in command of the East 
Route Revolutionary Army, and 
marched his forces into Fukien, 
1926 ; after the pacification of Fukien, 
was appointed Chairman of the Fukien 
Provincial Government; advancing into 
Chekiang, he subdued all resistance 
there ; pretending to lead the East 
Route Army on a drive against Shang- 
hai, he ordered General Pei Tsung-hsi, 
its Field-Commander, to bring part of 
the Army over there, while he himself 
marched the main force by narrow paths 
to Nanking, attacked and defeated Sun 
Chuan-fang by surprise, and entered 
Nanking ; with the establishment of 
the National Government at Nanking, 

1927, he was elected a member of the 
Central Political Council and of the 
State Council ; towards the end of 
August, 1927, Sun Chuan-fang and 
Chang Tsung-ch'ang crossed the 
Yangtze river by night with a large 
army about 100,000 strong, and 
occupied Lungtan with the intention 
of retaking Nanking ; he in association 
with other Nationalist Military Com- 
manders gave battle, and after a fierce 
engagement lasting seven days and 
nights, repulsed Sun's and Chang's 
last attempt to block the northward 
advance of the Nationalist Expedi- 
tionary Army and averted a serious 
crisis to the Capital ; continuing his 
advance northward, he captured 
Pengpu and Stichow and was then 
appointed Chief of Staff of the 
Nationalist Generalissimo's Headquar- 
ters ; Chairman of the Chekiang 
Provincial Government, 1928 ; Director- 
General of Military Training, 1929 ; 
Chief of Staff; Minister of Military 
Affairs, since March 10, 1930 ; after 
1929, he was at times concurrently 
Director of the Field Headquarters of 
the Generalissimo of the National 
Army at Wuhan (Wuchang and 
Hankow) Hupeh, at Kaifeng, Honan, at 
Canton, "Kwangtung and„ at Nanchang, 
Kiangsi ; also Field Commander in 
Kiangsi, and later. Field. Commander 
in Kiangsi, Kwangtung and Fukien 
Provinces in the drive against the Com- 
munists ; he was elected member of the 
Central Executive Committee at both the 
Third and Fourth Plenary Sessions of 
the Kuomintang National Congress, 
1929 and 1931 ; was appointed acting 
Chairman of the Peiping Branch of the 
National Military Affairs Commission, 



84 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



1938; in the summer of 1934, he 
was appointed concurrently Director- 
General for the Self-government of 
Inner Mongolia ; appointed Resident 
Representative of the Executive Yuan 
at Peiping Nov. 1935, but did not 
accept the appointment ; address ; 
Ministry of War, Nanking. 




Ho Yu-fang 

HO YU-FANG, Government official; 
born at Faku district near Mukden in 
1885 ; was graduated from the Police 
College and later the Law College at 
Mukden ; appointed assistant chief of 
the tax bureau along the Tientsin- 
Pukow Railway, 1924 ; chief of the 
Police Administration of the Tientsin- 
Pukow Railway, 1925 ; director of the 
municipal council, Tientsin, and later 
diTector-general of the special ad- 
ministrative area (the former German, 
Russian and Austrian Concessions), 
May, 1926 ; director of the municipal 
council of the Chinese city, Tientsin, 
Aug., 1926 ; re-appointed director- 
general of special administrative area 
and for some time also director of the 
municipal council of Chinese city, 
Tientsin, 1927 ; assistant managing 
director of the Lung-Hai Railway, 
1927 ; assistant commander of the 
martial law forces at Tientsin, May, 
1927 ; member of the communications 
committee of the Three Eastern 
Provinces, July, 1928 ; Mayor of Harbin 
and _ concurrently director of municipal 
affairs of Harbin Special Area, Nov., 
1928 ; Commissioner of Education of the 
Hopei Provincial Government, 1930-32. 



HOU CHIA-YUEN, railway official; 
born at Soochow, Kiangsu, October, 
15, 1896 ; received his first degree 
in civil engineering in 1918 at Tang- 
shan Engineering College and his M.A. 
degree in the same course from 
Cornell University, U.S.A., 1919; while 
in America, he worked with the 
McClintic Marshall Steel Construction 
Company to receive practical training ; 
after return to China, he first served 
as professor in civil engineering at 
Tangshan University for two years 
and sectional chief at the Kaiochow- 
Tsinan Railway for four years ; served 
as district engineer, bridge-engineer 
and finally chief of the Engineering 
Department of Hangchow - Kiangshan 
Railway for four years, 1928-1933 ; Com- 
missioner of Public Works of Nanking 
Municipality for 15 months, 1933-1934; 
now Associate Director in chaige of the 




Hou Chia-yuen 
<* £ 3* 

extension work of the Chekiang-Kiangsi 
Railway ; address : Chekiang Kiangsi 
Railway Administration, Hangchow. 




Hsi Yu-chang 

M is- * ^ ft & 

of the Kirin Provincial Law Institute ; 
engaged in private law practice in Shang- 
hai since 1917 ; member of the Chinese 
Bar Association ; author of "Principles 
of Law" and "A Study of Oration" ; 
address : 22 Kiukiang Road, Shanghai. 




Afman S. C. Hsi (Hsi Ya-fu) 

A S. K 

AFMAN S. C. HSI, lawyer; born 
at Tsingpoo, Kiangsu in 1890 ; received 
his preliminary education in his native 
city ; attended Hardoon's College, 
1914-21, and received the degree of 
B.C. : he majored in Chinese literature 
and philosophy; entered the Compara- 
tive Law School of China, Shanghai 
in 1921 and received his LL.B. degree 
in 1924; assistant in the law office 
of N. E. Lurton, 1924-26 ; president of 
Postal and Customs College, 1925-27 ; 
during this time he wrote a series of 
English, Postal and Customs books ; 
"English Composition Models," "Guide 
to Postal Examinations." "Guide to 
Customs Examinations ;" opened his 
own law office in 1927 and has since 
been engaged in private practice; 
address : 451 Kiangse Road, Shanghai, 
Tel. 19038. 



HSI YU-CHANG, lawyer; born at 
Soochow, Kiangsu in 1891; was 
graduated from the Nanyang Middle 
School and the Shengchow Law College, 
Shanghai ; dean and honorary principal 



Hsia Chi-feng 

** * 

HSIA CHI-FENG, ex-Chinese official 
at the League of Nations ; born at 
Yangchow, Kiangsu in 1889 ; he was 
graduated from the Nanhui Middle 
School in 1911 ; went to France in 1916 
as an interpreter-foreman with the 
Chinese Labor Corps attached to the 
British expeditionary forces ; returned 
to China after the armistice and 
contributed a series of articles to 
various publications dealing with labor 
conditions in Europe ; appointed labor 
and diplomatic editor of the Eastern 
Times in 1919 and assisted in the 
organization of the Returned Chinese 
Laborers Assocation, of which he 
became president ; in 1921, he again 
went to Europe as special correspondent 
for the Eastern Times, Shanghai and as 
unofficial publicity agent for the Chinese 
delegation to the League of Nations ; 
he was a member of the information 
section of the League of Nations at 
Geneva 1923-28 ; now member of the 
Treaty Commission of the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs ; address : c/o Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs, Nanking. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



85 




Hsia Chir.-hsi 

JL * ® ^ jl * 

HSIA CHIN-HSI, lawyer; was 
graduated from the Tientsin Commercial 
School and Chihli Law School ; delegate 
of the Chinese Chambers of Commerce 
to the International Conference of 
Chambers of Commerce held in Japan, 
1914 ; secretary of the Tientsin Chamber 
of Commerce for many years ; parti- 
cipated in the "Patriotic Movement in 
Tientsin," 1919 ; served as editor of 
the Hua Peh Shih Pao, at Tientsin ; 
legal counsellor to the Chinese flour 
and bankers' associations at Tientsin ; 
he has been engaged in legal practice 
in Tientsin since his graduation from 
the Chihli Law School. 




librarian of the Metropolitan Library, 
Peking; he returned to Chekiang in 
1923 and was appointed director of the 
Cigarette Tax Bureau. 




Hsia Chinn-kuan 

Jt «tfc 
HSIA CHING-KUAN, retired Gov- 
ernment official ; a native of Kiangsu ; 
received his education in his native 
province after which he passed the 
literary examinations of his province ; 
he' carried on literary and educational 
work in his province for many years 
after which he went to Shanghai and 
was made a director of Fuh Tan 
College (now university) and the China 
National Institute; after the Revolution 
of 1911 he became an editor of the 
Commercial Press, which position he 
held until 1919 when he was appointed 
Commissioner of Education for Che- 
kiang province ; in 1922 he was relieved 
of this position and appointed chief 



C. L. Hsia (Hsia Ching-lln) 

£ # M 

C. L. HSIA, Government official; 
born at Ningpo, Chekiang in 1896; 
after receiving his early education at 
the Kiangsu Primary School, 1906-10 
and the Tientsin Anglo-Chinese College, 
1910-14, he then went to England and 
attended Mill Hill School, London, 
1914-16; B.Sc. (Glasgow), 1919; M.A. 
(Edinburgh), 1920 ; Ph.D. (Edinburgh), 
1922 ; wrote his thesis on "Treaty 
Relations between China and Great 
Britain" ; on return he held the 
following positions : secretary, Weihai- 
wei Retrocession Commission, 1922-23 ; 
dean of the faculty of Southern 
University, Shanghai, 1923 ; secretary, 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Nanking ; 
technical expert, National Tariff 
Commission ; delegate to the Institute 
of Pacific Relations, Kyoto in 1929 ; 
president of Medhurst College, Shanghai 
1927-31; First Secretary, Chinese 
Legation, London, 1931-33 ; technical 
delegate to the World Disarmament 
Conference, Geneva, 1982 ; technical 
expert to the two extraordinary 
Assemblies in connection with the 
Sino-Japanese Dispute, and to the 
13th ordinary assembly, 1932 ; First 
Secretary, Chinese Legation, Washing- 
ton, 1933 ; Professor of International 
Relations at Chiaotung University, 
Shanghai ; senior compiler. Legislative 
Yuan ; now member of the Legislative 
Yuan ; he is the author of "Studies 
in Chinese Diplomatic History," "The 
Status of Shanghai" and joint trans- 
lator of "The Chinese Civil Code" ; 
address : 839 Connaught Road, Shanghai. 



MRS. C. L. HSIA, nee Liu Hui-tseng 
(W. T. New), college professor; born 
at Shanghai, Kiangsu in 1900 ; wife of 
Dr. C. L. Hsia ; received her early 
education at Bridgman Memorial School 
and McTyeire School, Shanghai ; went 
to England 1913 and attended Helena 
High School, Cheltenham Ladies' 
College, Royal Academy of Music and 
the London Academy of Music ; winner 
of Bronze and Silver Medals from both 
musical institutions ; awarded Gold 
Medal in elocution 1921; took A.L.A.M. 




Mrs. C. L. Hsia (Liu Hui-tseng) 

£ * * #- 

(Associate of London Academy of 
Music) 1922; returned to China 1922; 
formerly professor in English, singing 
and public speaking at Kiangsu 
Provincial College of Commerce, 
Southern University, McTyeire School 
and Shanghai School of Fine Arts ; 
since 1927 professor of English at Chih 
Tze University and the College of 
Commerce of Central University ; 
among the honorary positions held are 
vice-chairman of the Daily Vocation 
Bible School ; vice-chairman of the 
Margaret Williamson Hospital Board; 
chairman of the Medhurst Girls' School 
Board ; she was elected chairman of 
the National Committee Y.W.C.A. in 
1929 ; address : 839 Connaught Road, 
Shanghai. 




Hsia Yi-ting (Hsia l-ting) 
X ■& £ £ *L * 

HSIA YI-TING, retired diplomatic 
official ; born at Kiangyin, Kiangsu, 
1878 ; began his diplomatic career as a 
student interpreter of the Chinese 
Legation in Berlin ; secretary to the 
Chinese Legation in Paris ; consul- 
general in Yokohama, Japan ; secretary 
to the Cabinet and of the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs ; councillor to the same 
Ministry, 1915 ; acting vice-Minister 
and later officiating Minister of Foreign 
Affairs, 1916 ; Minister to Brazil and 
Peru, 1917-22; no further information 
has been received in recent years. 



86 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Commission ; now senior counsellor of 
the Ministry of Railways ; address : 
Ministry of Railways, Nanking. 



Kwangyu C. T. Hsia (Hsla Kuang-yu) 

X. *, ^ 

KWANGYU C. T. HSIA, technolo- 
gist ; born at Tsinpu, Kiangsu in 1889 ; 
was graduated from the science school 
of the Kiangsu Provincial College with 
the degree of Chu Jen (M.A.) in 1908; 
studied civil engineering at the Peking 
Government University in 1910 and was 
graduated in March, 1913 with C.K. 
degree ; surveying enginer for Wu-Han 
railway bridge across the Yangtze, 
locating engineer for Sze-Ping-Kai 
Taonanfu Railway under the Ministry 
of Communications, 1913-14 ; assistant 
director of railway engineering depart- 
ment of the Chiao Tung University and 
acting dean of the engineering 
department of the Government Univer- 
sity at Peking, 1914 ; he was sent to 
America to study railway administration 
and returned to China in Feb., 1916 ; 
again sent to America, Japan and 
Canada to study railway engineering 
and municipal administration ; returned 
to China in Sept., 1916 and was 
appointed inspector of railways and 
chief of the section of efficiency of 
railways ; managing-director of Canton- 
Samshiu Railway, 1917 ; co-director of 
Peking-Hankow Railway, 1918 and 
concurrently district engineer of 
works of Hankow section, member of 
the commission for drafting railway 
laws, member of commission for 
unification of railway technics and 
member of railway traffic conference ; 
in July, 1920 the Ministry of Com- 
munications adopted his scheme for 
developing the King-Han Railway land 
at Hankow to facilitate the recon- 
struction scheme of Greater Hankow 
and he became chief of the department ; 
appointed technical expert to study 
international communications in 

connection with China's participation 
in the League of Nations, Jan., 1922 ; 
director of the Port Development 
Bureau of Chengchow, Honan, June, 
1924 ; assisted in the taking over and 
reorganization of the Hankow Russian 
Concession, Feb., 1925 ; executive 
secretary of committee for construction 
of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Tomb, 1927 ; from 
1927-29 he was secretary of Agriculture, 
Engineering and Industry for Kiangsu ; 
on June 1, 1929, during the state burial 
of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, he was secretary 
of the committee for the ceremony 
and director of the funeral affairs at 
the Tomb ; member of the construction 
commission for Cemetery for Martyrs 
of the Revolution, member of the 
Yangtze River Commission and techni- 
cal member of the Capital Construction 




HSIA TOU-YIN, army officer; born 
at Maching, Hupeh, Nov. 10, 1885 ; 
received his military training at the 
Hupeh Military College ; participated in 
the various revolutionary movements ; 
field commander of the 21st Route 
National Revolutionary Army and 
concurrently Garrison Commander of 
Wuhan Cities, 1930 ; Chairman of the 
Hupeh Provincial Government, 1932 ; 
now senior counsellor of the Wuchang 
Provisional Headquarters of the 
President of the Military Affairs 
Commission ; address : Wuchang Head- 
luarters of the Military Affairs 
Commission, Wuchang, Hupeh. 



Bang How (Hsla Peng) 



BANG HOW, business man ; born in 
Shanghai in 1896, his father being one 
of the original founders of the Commer- 
cial Press, Shanghai ; received his early 
education at a school in Shanghai, later 
going to St. John's University; after 
graduation he went to Wharton School 
of Commerce and Finance of the 
University of Pennsylvania where he 
was graduated in 1920 with a degree of 
B. S. in economics ; before returning to 
Shanghai to join the Commercial Press, 
he made a survey and investigation of 
the printing business in England and 
Germany which took him one year ; 
returned to Shanghai in 1922 and joined 
the Commercial Press ; his first work 
was in the Import Department and later 
he served as secretary of the Works 
Division and acted concurrently as 
secretary to the managing director ; 
was elected to the board of directors 
1925 and made manager of the 
Company in 1926 ; aside from his duties 
with the Commercial Press he is 
chairman of China Assurance Corpora- 
tion, Director of Shanghai Commercial 
and Savings Bank, Director of the 
International Dispensary, Ltd., Director 
of Shanghai Trust Co. ; address : The 
Commercial Press, Ltd., Shanghai. 




Jean Y. Z. Horn (Hsiang Chung-yung) 

*n & ^ 

JEAN Y. Z. HORN, banker; born 
at Hangchow, Chekiang, 1901 ; was 
graduated from Tsing Hua Uni- 
versity, Peiping, 1923 ; manager of the 
Hongkew and Western sub-Branches of 
the Joint Savings Society, Shanghai ; 
sub-manager of the Hankow Branch of 
the same Society ; now sub-manager 
of the Realty Department of the* same 
Society and managing-director of the 
Park Hotel Company, Ltd. ; address : 
Realty Department, Joint Savings 
Society, Park Hotel Building, Bubbling 
Well and Park Roads, Shanghai. 




Hsla Tou-yln 

X4 * 




Watson H. Shan (Hsiang Hsiang) 

WATSON H. SHAN, retired Govern- 
ment official ; born at Jui-an Hsien, 
Chekiang in 1880; a Hsiu Ta'ai 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



87 



(Licentiate) in the Ching Dynasty; 
studied political economy at Columbia 
University from which he received his 
M. A. degree ; acting superintendent of 
the Bank of China ; co-director of the 
Maritime Tariff Reform Commission ; 
■director of Income tax bureau, director 
of the Cigarette Tax Bureau ; acting 
vice-Minister of Finance with the 
concurrent posts of chief director of the 
Central Salt Administration and chief 
inspector of the Salt Revenue, 1922-23 ; 
Vice-Minister of Finance, Oct., 1923. 



Hoong Soong-mow (Hslang Sung-mo) 
^ 4K A 

HOONG SOONG-MOW (HSIANG 
SUNG-MO), merchant. 
Deceased (1880-1932). Missed during 
the Japanese War on Shanghai, 1932. 
(See Page 147, 4th Edition). 




Hsiao Chl-yung 

*<■* 
HSIAO CHI - YUNG, diplomatic 
official; born at Fu Ch'uan Hsien, 
Kwangsi, in 1892; was graduated from 
the Peking College of Languages and 
Berlin University ; began his diplomatic 
career as an attache at the Chinese 
Legation in Berlin ; upon his return 
to China, he joined the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs ; later was appointed 
Chinese Charge d'Affaires in Switzer- 
land ; Chinese delegate to the Customs 
Conference at Geneva, 1926 ; Chinese 
delegate to the International Labor 
Conference, 1922-29 ; in 1932 he was 
appointed Councillor to the Chinese 
Assessor's Office of the Commission of 
Inquiry of the League of Nations on 
Manchurian Affairs ; joined the Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs again after the 
completion of the work of the Inquiry 
Commission ; in September, 1932, he 
was appointed Councillor to the Chinese 
Legation in Paris, which position he 
still holds ; chief Chinese delegate to the 
International Labor Conference, 1933 ; 
address : Chinese Legation, 67 Rue de 
Babylone, Paris, France. 



SIEW FAT-SENG, veteran Kuomin- 
tang member and revolutionist ; born of 
Fukienese parents in Bangkok, Siam, 
1863 ; received his early education 
from Kuo Chuan-pa (who participated 
in Hung Hsiu-chuan's Taiping Rebellion 
as a staff officer and later escaped 
to Siam) ; at the age of 26, he joined 
the San Ho Hui in Siam, a Chinese 




Consul at Vancouver, 1908-09 ; acting 
Consul at Rangoon in 1909 ; in 1910 
he was appointed Consul and remained 
there until 1913 ; co-director of the 
Peking Octroi, 1913; chief of the 
Telegraph Bureau of the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, 1916-20 ; second 
secretary to the Chinese Legation in 
Sweden, 1920-22 ; Secretary and Charge 
d'Affaires to the Chinese Legation in 
Norway in 1922 ; acting director of the 
Department of Posts and concurrently 
a compiler of the commission for the 
compilation of the history of Chinese 
communications, 1922 ; director of the 
Department of Navigation of the 
Ministry of Communications, 1922. 



Slew Fat-seng (Hsiao Fu-cheng) 

MAf A# 

revolutionary organization working for 
the overthrow of the Manchu regime ; 
organized the Yu Jen Hsien Hui at 
Siam with the aim of awakening the 
Nationalist spirit of Chinese people ; 
later, he, together with others, 
organised the Kwang Fu Club (Re- 
storation Club) and established the 
China-Siamese Daily News in Siam ; 
when Dr. Sun Yat-sen and Hui Han- 
min organised a branch of Tung Ming 
Hui in Siam, he was appointed 
chairman of the branch; when the 
Kuomintang was re-organised and held 
its 1st Congress, he presided at the 
Congress on behalf of Siam ; returned 
to China in 1927 and was appointed 
chief of the overseas department of 
the Central Executive Committee of 
the Kuomintang ; assisted Chiang 
Kai-shek and Hu Han-min in the 
elimination of the communists from the 
Kuomintang ; attended the 3rd National 
Congress of Kuomintang and was 
elected member of the Central Executive 
Committee of the same, 1929 ; now 
member of the Southwest Political 
Council at Canton ; address : Southwest 
Political Council, Canton. 




Hsiao Yung-hsi 

t* » * *#■ 
HSIAO YUNG-HSI, retired Govern- 
ment official; born at Huayang, Sze- 
chuen, in 1878; attache to the Chinese 
Legation in London, 1901-05; Chinese 




Hsleh En-lung 
* &'* £ * fl- 
HSIEH EN • LUNG, agricultural 
expert; born at Canton in 1884; 
studied at Queen's College, Hong- 
kong, 1900-04 and at Peiyang University, 
Tientsin, 1904-06 ; studied agriculture at 
the Massachusetts Agricultural College 
19.06-09 and received his B.Sc. degree ; 
received his A.B. degree from Boston 
University, 1909 ; he took post-graduate 
work in Cornell University, 1909-10 and 
received his M.Sc. degree ; he studied 
at Leipzig University, 1910-12 ; returned 
to China and was appointed technical 
expert to the Ministry of Agriculture 
and Commerce; editor-in-chief of the 
Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, 
1912-15 ; principal expert of the Ministry 
of Agriculture and Commerce 1913-20 ; 
principal technical expert in the Ministry 
of Communications, 1920 ; Chinese 
delegate to the Sino-Japanese Postal 
Conference, 1922; he was concurrently 
departmental chief in the office of the 
High Industrial Commissioner and chief 
editor of the Journal of Industrial 
Development, 1922, 



NAI-ZING ZIA, university professor 
and writer; born at Shaoshing, Che- 
kiang, June 27, 1892; graduated from 
the Tung-Wen Academy, Tokyo, 1912; 
St. Paul's College, Tokyo, 1916 ; graduate 
study at the University of Chicago, 
U.S.A., 1925 and Harvard University, 
1926; secretary of the National Com- 
mittee of Chinese Y.M.C.A., 1917-25; 
associate professor of philosophy, Ling- 
nan University, Canton, since 1927; 
author: "Education for Personality," 
"A Philosophy of Religion" "Chinese 
Ethical Ideas," "Reflections on America," 



88 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Nai-zlnn Zia (Hsieh Fu-ya) 

1ft a# 
"A Philosophy of Life," "Ethics," 
"Individual Gospel" and "Outline of 
Christianity" ; Editor of "Lingnan 
Journal," since 1930 ; address : Lingnan 
University, Canton. 




Sie Kuan-shena (Hsieh Kuan-sheng) 

n & & %■ # s 

SIE KUAN-SHENG, Government 
official and university professor; born 
at Chenghsien, Chekiang in 1897 ; 
graduated from St. Ignace College, 
Shanghai in 1914, and in 1915 joined 
the Commercial Press as editor of 
Eastern Miscellany; there he also edited 
the Dictionary of Geographical Names ; 
secretary of the Universite l'Aurore, 
Shanghai, 1918, and in the meantime 
studied in the department of Lettres- 
Droit of the same University ; While 
there he compiled the Nouveau Diction- 
naire Francais-Chinois, a very worthy 
contribution to Chinese students of 
French ; received the degree of licencie 
en droit at the same school ; went to 
Paris in 1922, studied in the Universit4 
de Paris and attended lectures in 
l'Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques ; 
received the degree of docteur en droit, 
Universite de Paris, 1924, his thesis 
being "Esquisse d'une Histoire du Droit 
Chinois" ; while in Paris he was corres- 
pondent of Eastern Miscellany and 
Revue Bleue; assisted M. Cordier in 
revising "Histoire Generate de la Chine 
et de ses Relations avec les Pays 
Estrangers" ; returned to Shanghai 



in 1924 and was offered chairs in 
various universities of Shanghai, such 
as Fuh Tan ■ University, etc. ; from 
1927 to 1930 Senior Secretary of the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Nanking, 
and concurrently Dean of the Law 
Department, National Central Univer- 
sity, Nanking, which latter position 
he resigned in 1932; since 1930, 
Secretary-General of the Judicial Yuan 
and concurrently Secretary in Charge 
of Foreign Affairs of the Central 
Political Council ; sometime Acting 
President of the Judicial Yuan ; in 
October, 1934, he was appointed 
Political Vice Minister of the Ministry 
of Justice, which post he soon 
resigned and re-joined the Judical Yuan 
as its Secretary-General ; address : 
Judicial Yuan, Nanking. 




P. C. Hsieh (Hsieh Pao-chao) 

n & #. 

CHEOU - KANG SIE, Government 
born at Canton, Kwangtung ; graduate 
of Tsinghua College, B.A. ; Ph.D. Johns 
Hopkins University, U.S.A. ; professor 
at Law University and University of 
Communications in Peiping, Peiyang 
University in Tientsin, and Kwangtung 
University in Canton ; secretary of the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Nationalist 
Government, Nanking ; director of Land 
Office, Wuchang ; divisional chief in 
the Ministries of Communications and 
Finance, Nanking ; executive secretary 
of the No. 3, Special Administrative 
District, Hankow ; deputy director of the 
Chekiang Bureau of Rolled Tobacco Tax ; 
director of Kiangsu Bureau of Wine 
and Tobacco Revenues ; member of the 
International Publicity Committee of the 
Central Party Headquarters ; secretary 
of the Ministry of Railways, Nanking 
and concurrently secretary of the 
China National Aviation Corporation ; 
managing-director of Canton-Kowloon 
Railway, 1931 ; director of Stamp, 
Tobacco and Wine Tax Administration, 
Ministry of Finance, 1932 ; now, 
director, Bureau of Legislative Research, 
Legislative Yuan ; author of "Govern- 
ment of China from 1644 to 1911" ; 
address : Legislative Yuan, Nanking. 



CHEOU-KANG SIE, government 
official ; born at Kanchow, Kiangsi in 
1893 ; was sent to Belgium to study by 
the Kiangsi Provincial Government in 
1913 and entered University Libre de 
Bruxelles in 1914 ; joined Ecole des 
Sciences Politiques, Paris (section dip- 
lomatique) in 1915 and was graduated 
in 1917 ; he later entered the Universite 




Cheou-kang Sie (Hsieh Shou-kang) 



de Lausanne and was graduated with a 
degree of Licencie' des Sciences politiques 
et sociales in 1919 ; he did research 
work at Berlin Universitat, 1922-23 ; 
returned to Universite de Bruxelles in 
1923 to prepare his thesis "Les 
Emprunts de Guerre Francais" for 
which he received the degree of Doctor 
en Science economique in 1924; there 
after he devoted his time to literary 
pursuits tiU 1927 when his "Le 
Jade Brise" was published and played 
at Le Theatre Royal du Pare de 
Bruxelles with great success ; it was also 
translated into English ; he represented 
China at Congress Universal du Theatre 
in 1928 ; returned to China and became 
dean of the College of Arts, National 
University, Nanking, 1929 ; appointed 
Charge d'Affaires to Belgium in 1929 ; 
to introduce Chinese civilization to 
Europe, he made many speeches at 
Paris, Berlin and other European cities, 
which were later collected into a book 
under the name of "Est-Ouest Reflets, 
Croises" published by the "Labor' 
Magazine with a preface by Paul 
Hyman, Belgian Minister for Foreign 
Affairs and another by G. Vanzype, 
Secretary of the Belgian Royal Academy ; 
returned to China in 1931 and was 
appointed a member of the Legislative 
Yuan on the Foreign Relations 
Committee of the Yuan, which post he 
has since held ; he promoted the 
organization of the Sino-Polish Cultural 
Society at Nanking in 1933 and was 
made a member of the board of 
directors ; recently he translated two 
plays of G. Vanzype : "Les Etapes" and 
"Les Semailles" into Chinese, published 
by the Commercial Press in Shanghai ; 
address : Legislative Yuan, Naking. 



Z. K. ZIA, author and editor; born 
in Hangchow, Chekiang, April 16th, 
1895 ; graduated from Soochow Univer- 
sity with B.A. degree in 1917 ; Auburn 
Seminary, Auburn, N.Y. in 1321 ; 
Boston University, Boston, Mass. with 
M.A. degree in 1922 ; taught in Nanking 
Seminary, Nanking 1922-23 ; taught in 
Soochow University Comparative Law 
School, 1923-24 ; editor of the Young 
People's Friend, a Monthly 1924-26 ; 
joined the Christian Literature Society 
on June 1, 1926, and is still 
connected with the said Society as one 
of the secretaries ; Author of the follow- 
ing books : — The Confucian Civilization 
(in English) ; How to Improve Your 
Style and Other Essays (in English) ; 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



89 




Z. K. Zia (Hsieh Sung-kao) 

n *& * 

Hints on the Improvement of English 
(in English) ; My American Sketches 
(in Chinese) ; A Short Study of 
Religions (in Chinese) ; A Short Study 
of Ethics ; A Short Study of Civics and 
Sociology ; A Short S\udy of Life's 
Practical Philosophy ; A Short Study 
of Civilization ; A Short Study of 
Western Philosophers, partly based on 
Will Durant's The Story of Philosophy; 
Ethical Readers (seven readers have 
been published up to the present) ; A 
Chinese English Dictionary for Chinese 
Students ; A Short Study of Education 
in the Christian Home ; A Short Life 
of Jesus ; Henry Ford ; Edison ; St. 
Francis of Assisi ; The Fables of the 
World ; My Ideal People, an original 
story for the development of children's 
character ; A First Book of Religious 
Education ; Principles of Modern Pre- 
aching based on Dr. A. S. Hoyt's works 
etc. ; Translator of more than thirty 
books such as the Christ at the Round 
Table by E. Stanley Jones ; Ruskin's 
The King of the Golden River ; 
Dicken's The Christmas Carol; Henry 
van Dyke's The Other Wise Man, 
Weatherhead's Mastery of Sex ; H. 
Gary's Finding God, and Moffatt's 
Everyman's Life of Jesus ; also pastor 
of Fitch Memorial Church ; Editor of 
the Shining Light, and also editor of 
People' 8 Magazine (all in Chinese) ; 
address : Christain Literature Society, 
128 Museum Road, Shanghai. 



Miss Hsieh Wan-ying 

MISS HSIEH WAN-YING, college 
instructor and verse writer ; born at 
Foochow, Fukien, 1902 ; after having 
made a thorough study of Chinese 
classics in her native city, she went 
to Peking and entered Yenching 
University Women's College, graduating 
with B.A. degree in 1923 ; attended 
Wellesley College, U.S.A. receiving M.A. 
degree in 1926 ; instructor of Chinese 
at Yenching University, Peiping, 1926- 
35 ; she is now doing research work 
in Japan, 1935 ; well-known writer of 
modern verses under her pen name 
Ping Hsin ; author of "The Stars," 
"The Spring Water," "Superman and 
Other Stories," and "The Letters" ; 
address: c/o Women's College, Yenching 
University, Peiping. 



Hsieh Ylng-chou 

n A m 

HSIEH YING-CHOU, Government 
official ; born at Tsunghua, Kwangtung, 
1893 ; was graduated from the University 
of Paris with the degree of Doctor of 
Laws ; member of the Law Drafting 
Committee of the Generalissimo's 
Headquarters at Canton, professor 
of law at the Canton Chungshan 
University and the National Central 
University ; head of the Youth Depart- 
ment of the Canton Municipal Party 
Headquarters ; member of the Reorga- 
nization Committee of the Kwangtung 
Provincial Party Headquarters : yice- 
Minister of Justice of the National 
Government ; President of the College 
of Law of the Peiping National 
University ; Commissioner of Education 
of the Kwangtung Provincial Govern- 
ment ; President of the Kwangtung 
Provincial College of Law ; now 
President of the Kwangtung Provincial 
High Court and member of the 
Southwest Political Council ; address : 
Kwangtung Provincial High Court, 
Canton. 




Y. M. Hsieh (Hsieh Yu-ming) 

n i & 
YU-MING HSIEH, physicist; born 
at Chuanchow, Fukien, 1895 ; received 
his primary and middle school education 
in Westminster College, Chuanchow ; 
was graduated from Peking University 
(now Yenching University) with B.A. 
degree in 1917 ; teacher of science 
at Westminister College, 1917-1921 ; 
instructor of physics, Yenching Univer- 



sity, Peking, 1921-23; graduate study 
in America under fellowship granted 
by the Rockefeller Foundation, 1923-25 ; 
M.A., Columbia University, 1924 ; Ph.D., 
University of Chicago, 1926 ; assistant 
professor of physics, Yenching Uni- 
versity, 1926-28 ; assistant professor 
and chairman of physics department, 
1928-1930 ; professor and chairman of 
physics department, 1930 ; 1932-34 
absent on leave from Yenching 
University and Visiting Research 
Fellow at the California Institute of 
Technology ; Professor of Physics, since 
1934; member: Sigma Xi, Phi Tau Phi, 
American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, American Physical 
Society, Institute of Physics (London), 
Science Society of China, Chinese 
Physical Society ; author (with C. H. 
Corbett) : "Principles of Physics and 
Their Modern Applications (Chinese 
and English editions)"; "Laboratory 
Problems and Projects in Physics" (The 
Commercial Press, Shanghai) ; address: 
Yenching University, Peiping. 




Y. S. Ziar (Hsieh Yung-sheng) 

Y. S. ZIAR, retired judicial official; 
born at Shaoshing, Chekiang, 1885 ; 
received his advanced education at 
Cambridge University, England-, obtain- 
ing his B.A. degree in 1910 and M.A. 
degree in 1915 ; made a member of 
the Inner Temple, London and was 
called to the Bar in 1914 ; after two 
years' practice in England, he returned 
to China and joined the Messrs. Piatt 
& Company of Shanghai in 1916 ; 
while in Shanghai, he was elected 
member of the Chinese Ratepayers 
Association and later member and the 
first chairman of the Chinese advisory 
board of the Shanghai Municipal 
Council ; travelled to Europe and 
America studying the judical systems 
of the various countries, 1923 ; practised 
law in Shanghai with Messrs. Piatt 
and Company, since 1924 for many 
years ; appointed legal adviser to the 
Bureau of Foreign Affairs of Shanghai, 
the Chinese General Chamber of 
Commerce of Shanghai and the Military 
Governor of Chekiang ; judge of the 
Shanghai Provisional Court, 1925-26 ; 
he has been residing abroad since 1926. 



SAMUEL SUNG YOUNG, Chinese 
Minister to Brazil ; born at Mei Hsien, 
Kwangtung, June 24, 1884 ; received 
his preparatory education at the Trinity 
School, San Francisco ; received B.A. 
degree from University of California 
in 1904 and M.A. degree from Columbia 



90 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Samuel Sung Young (Hsiung Chung-chih) 

to *• £ 

University, 1905 ; upon his return to 
China, was appointed a member of the 
Kwangtung Provincial Board of Educa- 
tion at Canton and a professor at the 
College of Languages and the Provincial 
College ; passed the Imperial Examina- 
tion of the late Ching Government for 
returned students and was given 
•"Chin Shih" degree 1907 ; appointed 
junior secretary of the Board of Post 
and Communications, 1908 ; president 
of Tangshan Engineering College in 
North China, 1908-12; secretary of the 
Chinese Commission to the Panama 
Pacific International Exposition, 1913 ; 
department head in the National Oil 
Administration, 1914 ; department chief 
in the Grand Canal Improvement Board 
in Tientsin, 1918 ; went to the United 
States as a representative of the China 
International Famine Relief Commis- 
sion, 1924 ; secretary of the Chinese 
Customs Tariff Commission, 1925 ; 
secretary of the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, 1926 ; appointed as Chinese 
Consul-General at New York, June, 
1927 and served as secretary general 
of the Chinese Delegation to the League 
of Nations at its 9th Assembly in 1928 ; 
appointed Charge d' Affaires of the 
Chinese Legation in Mexico, July, 1930, 
but returned to New York to resume 
his office as Consul-General, August, 
1930 ; appointed Chinese Envoy Extra- 
ordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary 
to Mexico, February 1931 ; appointed 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Brazil in 
August, 1933 ; one of the organizers and 
a secretary of the Rotary Club at 
Peiping ; was made a Thirty Third 
Degree Mason in Washington, 1929 
and awarded a medal by Columbia 
University in the same year ; address : 
Chinese Legation, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 




HSIUNG CHUNG-TAO, military offi- 
cer ; born at Hsinkien, Kiangsi province, 
1893 ; joined the Kuomintang 1912 ; 
graduated from the College of Military 
Supply in Peking, 1913 ; served succes- 
sively in the supply departments of 
various regiments, brigades and divisions 
of the National Army; Chief A.-D.-C. 
to the Commissary-General of the 
People's Revolutionary Army, and con- 
currently member of the Executive 
Committee of the Eleventh Branch office 
of the Kuomintang party and member 
of the Codification Committee of the 
National Government, 1926; sectional 
head in the Supply department of the 
Forty-fourth Army, 1927; sub-sectional 
head in the Commissariat Department 



Hsiung Chung-tao 

to *t ® # & ^ 

of the Headquarters of the C.-I.-C. the 
National Army, Navy and Air forces, 
1928 ; Director of the Supply depart- 
ment of the Commissary-General's office 
of the Eastern Route Army ; and 
Director of the Supply department of 
the Commissary-General's office of the 
National Army, Navy and Air forces, 
1929 ; second-class sectional head in the 
Auditing Bureau of the Supply Depart- 
ment of the Ministry of War; in 
recognition of his meritorious services, 
he was commended by the Government, 
1930 ; concurrently Director of the 
Supply department of the Commissary- 
General's Office of the Bandit-Suppres- 
sion Force, 1931 ; Superintendent of the 
Commissariat Department in the Provi- 
sional Headquarters of the President of 
the Military Affairs Commission at Nan- 
chang, 1933 ; chief accountant of the 
Ministry of War, concurrently superin- 
tendent of the Commissariat depart- 
ment of the Provisional Headquarters 
of the Generalissimo at Wuchang, 1935, 
which posts he still holds ; address : 
Commissariat department, Provisional 
Headquarters of the Generalissimo, 
Wuchang. 




Hsiung Hsl-llng 

HSIUNG HSI-LING, welfare worker 
and retired Government official ; born 
at Fenghuang, Hunan, 1867; a 
metropolitan graduate with the degree 



of Hanlin Compiler, 1894 ; received 
his modern education in Japan ; 
accompanied the Imperial Mission to 
Europe and America in 1905 ; chief 
assistant to Chao Er-chun, then Viceroy 
of Manchuria ; finance commissioner 
of Manchuria and concurrently salt 
commissioner for Fengtien, 1910-11 ; 
Chairman of the Hunan Provisional 
Republican Government, 1911 ; Minister 
of Finance in the first Republican 
Cabinet, Peking, 1912 and in that 
capacity, was responsible for the 
contracting of the first Reorganization 
Loan with the International Banking 
Consortium: Tutung (Military Governor) 
of Jehol, 1912 ; Prime Minister and 
concurrently Minister of Finance, 1913- 
14 ; Director-General of the National 
Oil Administration, 1913-16 ; president 
of the flood relief and conservancy in 
Chihli, director-general of the Grand 
Canal Improvement Board and director 
of the famine-relief in Hunan, 1917-20 ; 
founder of the Children's Home for 
Orphans at Hsiang-shan, Western Hills, 
Peiping ; directed the self-government 
movement in Hunan, 1921-22 ; executive 
member of the National Famine Relief 
Commission, since 1929 ; address : c/o 
The Children's Home, Hsiang-shan, 
Western Hills, Peiping. 




Hsiung Ping 



HSIUNG PING, military officer; 
born at Huang-an, Hupeh, 1893 ; was 
graduated from the Peking Military 
College and served in the Manchu 
Imperial Army as a junior officer ; 
participated in the 1911 Revolution 
and served in the Revolutionary Army 
as a member of General Staff; adviser 
to the Military Governor of Honan ; 
chief of staff of the Kuominchun First 
Army (Feng Yu-hsiang's army) ; chief 
counsellor to the Directorate-General 
of the Northwestern Defense; vice- 
Minister of War in the former Peking 
Government; member of the Hupeh 
Provincial Government and of the 
Military Council of the Nationalist 
Government, 1928 ; senior counsellor 
to the Headquarters of Commander-in- 
Chief of the Nationalist Revolutionary 
Armies, 1928 ; director of the aviation 
department of the Ministry of War, 
1928 ; high military counsellor to Feng 
Yu-hsiang, 1930 ; director of the 
administrative department of the 
General Staff Board, since 1982; 
address: General Staff Board, National 
Government, Nanking. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



91 



Hsiung f-'uig-chl 

$ & *t $ *B •*• 
HSIUNG PING-CHI, army officer. 
(See Page 153, 4th Edition). 





S. H. Yung (Hsiung Shao-hao) 

ft •>' * 
S. H. YUNG, manager of The China 
Times, Shanghai ; born at Hongkong 
in 1892 ; studied at Queen's College, 
Hongkong and in 1910 he went to 
Peking and entered the College of 
Communications ; translator and reporter 
for the Associated Press, Peking 1911 ; 
assistant correspondent in Peking for 
the Chicago Daily News, 1912 ; reporter 
for Renter's agency, 1914 and was 
transferred to Tientsin on the outbreak 
of the World War ; he also worked 
on the Peking and Tientsin Times, 
China Illustrated Weekly and Tientsin 
Press; established the Chinese Peking 
and Tientsin Times in 1917 and was 
concurrently its manager and editor 
until August 1928, when he sold the 
paper ; he was also correspondent for 
several Shanghai papers and a member 
of the sub-committee for China of the 
World Press Congress ; went to Japan 
in 1921 and secured the assistance of 
the Japanese press against the Japanese 
morphine traffic in China ; counsellor 
of the President's Office and the 
Emigration Bureau in 1921 ; adviser to 
the military governor of Chihli and the 
civil governor of Chekiang Province 
1921 ; special commissioner of Foreign 
Affairs for Chihli and counsellor to 
Tuan Chi-jui, 1924-25 ; secretary to Li 
Yuan-hung, 1918-28 ; appointed high 
adviser of the Tientsin Municipal 
Government in 1927, but left soon after 
and came to Shanghai to become 
assistant manager, in charge of the 
night editorial department and was 
later made General-Manager of The 
China Times, which position he still 
holds ; address : The China Times, 
160 Avenue Edward VII, Shanghai. 



Hsiung Shih-hui 

ft K *$ 

chief of the political bureau of the 
14th Army Corps ; while in Nanchang, 
Kiangsi, he was appointed member 
of the Kiangsi Provincial Party 
Headquarters ; assisted in the expulsion 
of Chow Ying-jen (Sun Chuan-fang's 
subordinate and Governor of Fukien) 
from Fukien and in the defeat of 
the Northerners in Chekiang, Kiangsu 
and Shantung successively ; appointed 
Commander of the 13th Nationalist 
Army Corps in 1927 ; later, appointed 
commander of 37th division and 
concurrently associate commander of 
the 13th Nationalist Army Corps ; 
appointed acting Garrison Commander 
of the Shanghai and Woosung Area 
Jan, 1928, but soon resigned to 
participate in the Northern Punitive 
Expedition, March 1928 ; re-appointed 
Garrison Commander of Shanghai- 
Woosung Area, 1929, which position 
he held until 1931 ; Chairman of the 
Kiangsi Provincial Government, since 
1931; address: Kiangsi Provincial 
Government, Nanchang, Kiangsi. 



the Central Bank of China ; director 
of the Central Mint ; at present 
administrative director of the National 
Commmercial Bank ; supervisor of the 
Central Bank of China ; director of 
the Bank of China, the Chekiang 
Industrial Bank, the Land Bank of 
China, the Wenchow Industrial Bank, 
the Commercial Press, the Tung Yih 
Trust Compny, the South-Eastern Trust 
Company, the Shanghai Trust Company ; 
supervisor of the Shanghai Silk Industry 
Commercial and Savings Bank ; member 
of the ExaminingJ>Committee of the 
Central Mint ; autHor of "The Latest 
History of Finance in Shanghai" (the 
book has gone through three editions) ; 
address : National Commercial Bank, 
Peking Road, Shanghai. 



HSIUNG SHIH-HUI, Government 
official ; born at Anyi Hsien, Kiangsi, 
1892 ; was graduated from the Paoting 
Military Academy ; assisted Dr. Sun 
Yat-sen in the first Revolution in 1911 ; 
attended the Japanese Imperial Military 
Aca'demy in Tokyo ; upon graduation, 
he was appointed director of education 
of the Military Academy of the 3rd 
Nationalist Army Corps ; when the 
Northern Punitive Expeditionary Forces 
occupied Kiangsi, he was appointed 
commander of the 1st division and 




C. M. Shu (Hsu Chi-chin) 

C. M. SHU, banker; born at Yung- 
chia, Chekiang, 1881 ; studied at the 
Yamacuchi Commercial College, Japan ; 
formerly manager of the Bank of 
China at Langchi and Kiukiang ; sub- 
manager of the Shanghai Office of 
the National Commercial Bank, and 
assistant manager of its head office ; 
vice-governor and acting governor of 




Hsiung Yu-yang 

ft * # # ft, *» 

HSIUNG YU-YANG, veteran re- 
volutionist and Government official ; 
born at Nanchang,' Kiangsi, 1868 ; 
founder and president of the Hsin Yuan 
High School and Hsin Yuan College in 
Kiangsi ; Commissioner of Education of 
Kiangsi ; proctor of Peking Government 
University ; member of Kiangsi Pro- 
vincial Government and concurrently 
Commissioner of Reconstruction of 
Kiangsi ; now member of Control Yuan 
of the National Government and member 
of the Supervisory Committee of the 
Provincial Party Headquarters of 
Kiangsi ; address : Control Yuan, Nan- 
king. 




Hsu Kyla-shlh (Hsu Chia-shlh) 



92 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



HSU KYIA-SHUH, judge; born at 
Hsih-Hsien, Anhwei, 1892 ; was gra- 
duated from the National Institute of 
Law and Political Science, Peking, 
1914 ; appointed judge of the District 
Court of Chengtu, Szechuan, 1915 and 
promoted judge of the High Court of 
the same province 1916; transferred as 
chief judge of the District Court of 
Kaolang, Kansu, 1917 and concurrently 
professor at the Kansu Provincial 
College of Law and Political Science ; 
chief procurator of the District 
Procuratorate of Kaolang, Kansu, 1917- 
20 ; promoted chief procurator of the 
High Procuratorate, Kansu, Oct. 1920 ; 
later, he held the position as deputy 
director of the Kansu Provincial 
Anti-Opium Bureau ; adviser to the 
Garrison Commander of Lun-Nan, 
Kansu, 1923 ; magistrate of Wushan, 
Kansu, 1924 ; judge of High Court 
of Anhwei, 1927 ; chief clerk of the 
Central Special Provisional Court in the 
Spring of 1928 and was appointed judge 
of the Shanghai Provisional Court in 
October the same year ; upon abolition 
of the Shanghai Provisional Court and 
establishment of the Special Area 
District Court in 1929, he was promoted 
presiding judge of the criminal division 
of the Shanghai Special Area District 
Court, which position he still retains, 
1931 ; address : Criminal Division, 
Shanghai Special Area District Court, 
North Chekiang Road, Shanghai. 




the Central Executive Committee of 
Kuomintang, 1925-26 ; member of the 
Wuhan Nationalist Government and 
chief justice of martial law court of 
the Nationalist Headquarters, 1926 ; was 
branded as a communist leader and 
ordered to be arrested by the Nanking 
Government, since 1927 ; participated 
in the Fukien Independence Movement 
in 1933-34 and was appointed Minister 
of Justice of the "People's Government" 
in Foochow; after the collapse of 
the movement, he has been living in 
retirement. 




George Hsu (Hsu Chlen) 

#•**,$.* 
GEORGE HSU, retired Government 
official; born at Nanchang, Kiangsi, 
1872 ; a Chu-jen under the Ching 
regime; chief justice of the Peking 
local court, attorney-general of the high 
court of Peking 1907 ; vice-president 
of the Supreme Court in Peking, 1912 ; 
vice-Minister and later acting Minister 
of Justice in Tang Shao-yi's Cabinet, 
1912 ; practised law in Shanghai, 1913-16 ; 
was again appointed vice-Minister of 
Justice, 1916 ; joined the Southern 
Military Government at Canton as chief 
secretary to Dr. Sun Yat-sen, 1917 ; 
Minister of Justice of the Southern 
Government, 1918 ; attended the Paris 
Peace Conference as adviser to the 
delegation of the Southern Government ; 
editor-in-chief of Social Welfare, a 
Chinese daily at Tientsin, 1920 ; upon 
Dr. Sun's return to power in 1920, he 
was appointed president of the^Sidpreme 
Court of the Southern Government and 
concurrently charged with tbe/chaties of 
Minister of Justice, 1920-2Jr|^imancellor 
of the Chun Shan University at Canton, 
1925 ; chief of the Canton diplomatic 
mission to Peking and member of 



Jabin Hsu (Hsu Chlen-plng) 
** # 
JABIN HSU, journalist and Govern- 
Iment official; born at Shanghai, 
Kiangsu, Mar. 26, 1889; received his 
preliminary education at the Municipal 
Public School for Chinese, Shanghai 
graduating in 1907 ; passed the Cam- 
bridge University local examinations, 
1907 ; acted as an interpreter for a 
foreign law firm in Shanghai, 1908 ; 
editor of the Yu Shang Poo, a weekly 
commercial paper published in Chinese, 
1909 ; passed the competitive examina- 
tion of Tsing Hua College in 1910 
and was sent by the college to the 
United States, entering the University 
of Michigan in the fall of 1911 ; while 
in college, he was active in college 
dramatics, oratory and journalism, 
appearing in several college shows 
and was winner of Kauffman medal 
for oratory in 1913 and served as one 
of the editors of the Michigan Daily; 
upon completing his course in 1914, he 
was appointed assistant news editor of 
the Detroit Tribune, which position he 
held at the beginning of the World War 
and relinquished, when he returned to 
China early in 1915 ; was engaged in 
legal work, being associated with a 
British law firm in Shanghai, 1915-17 ; 
invited by the China Press, Shanghai, 
to join its editorial staff in 1917 and 
his name was identified with that 
paper from that time until he resigned 
in 1925 ; elected by the Chinese news- 
papers in Shanghai to represent them 
at the Press Congress of the World in 
Honolulu in 1921, shortly after which, 
he proceeded to America and attended 
the Washington Conference as the staff 
correspondent of the China Press; while 
there, he also contributed articles to 
the New York Herald, the Baltimore Sun 
and the Saw Francisco Chronicle which 
received considerable attention ; returned 
to China in 1922 and spent considerable 
time in travelling about the country ; 
appointed managing-director of the 
Shanghai Tribune Publishing Company, 
publishers of the Shanghai Tribune, 



1923 ; served as chairman of the 
Shanghai Municipal Council Chinese 
Advisory Committee, 1922-25, besides 
being a director of the American Uni- 
versity Club, the Pan-Pacific Association 
and the Rotary Club in Shanghai ; 
upon completion of Northern Punitive 
Expedition of the National Government 
in 1928, he was appointed confidential 
secretary to Dr. H. H. Kung, Minister 
of Industry, Commerce and Labor and 
accompanied the latter in his trip to 
Peiping, where he took over the records 
of the former Ministry of Agriculture 
and Commerce as well as the Ministry 
of Industry ; in the winter of the same 
year, he was promoted to the position 
of senior secretary of the Ministry, 
which position he held till the end of 
1931 ; in addition to his duties in the 
ministerial secretariate, he was also 
concurrently a member of the following 
Government commissions : National 
Tariff Revision Commission ; Planning 
Commission on Domestic and Inter- 
national Exhibitions ; Commission on 
the Consolidation of Domestic and 
International Loans ; Commission on 
the Revision of Commercial Treaties ; 
Commission on the Codification of 
Immigration Legislation ; Commission 
on the Retrocession of Chingwantao ; 
Commission on the Qualifications of 
Chartered Accountants ; Commission on 
Appellate Cases ; in September, 1932, 
he accompanied Dr. H. H. Kung, 
Special Industrial Envoy, on a trip 
round the world, as the Counsellor of 
the latter's Commission which visited 
eleven countries in America and Europe ; 
upon returning of the Commission in 
March 1933, he continued to serve as 
Confidential Secretary to Dr. Kung until 
November 1933 when Dr. Kung became 
Minister of Finance and concurrently 
Vice-President of the Executive Yuan 
and when he became Director of the 
Department of General Affairs of the 
Ministry of Finance, which position 
he is still holding ; address : c/o The 
Central Bank of China, Shanghai. 




Charles S. Y. Shu Tze (Hsu Chlh) 

#«(L % * -r 

S. Y. SHU TZE, retired diplomatic 
official; born at Hangchow, Chekiang; 
1886 ; studied political science and 
law at Christ College, Cambridge, 
England and also the University Libre, 
Brusselles ; secretary to the Chinese 
Legations in Belgium, Switzerland and 
Spain ; secretary to the Chinese Delega- 
tion to the Paris Peace Conference, 
1919 ; officer of ceremony in the 
President's Mansion, 1920 ; counsellor to 
the Ministry of Interior, 1921 ; acting 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



93 



director of the civil affairs department 
of the Ministry of Interior, 1922 ; 
substitute delegate to the International 
Labor Conference at Geneva ; no further 
information has been received in recent 
years. 



Hsu Tse-mou (Hsu Chih-mo) 



% && 



HSU TSE-MOU, university profes- 
sor and poet. Deceased. See Page 156, 
4th edition. 




National Government ; author of "A 
Manual of Military Training for 
Youth," "Military Training and Tactics 
of German Army," "A Treatise on 
German Constitution" ; address : Ex- 
amination Yuan, Nanking. 




Hsu Chung-hao 

ft #■ m $ '* A 

HSU CHUNG-HAO, Chief Secretary 
of Examination Yuan ; born at Fanyu, 
Kwangtung, 1883 ; graduate of Nanking 
Military Academy and the Infantry 
Training Institute of Japan ; served 
under the Ching (Manchu) Government 
Army in Nanking; during the 1911 
Revolution, served as Chief-of-Staff to 
the Tutu (Military Governor) of the 
Chinkiang Army and concurrently 
commander of the 1st Mixed Brigade of 
the Army ; after the capture of Nanking, 
was appointed Provisional Garrison 
Commander of the city; Director- 
General of Military Stations of the 
Northern Expeditionary Army ; Director 
of the Supervision Department of the 
Headquarters of the Military Governor 
of Nanking ; Resident Commander of 
Nanking Garrison ; Chief-of-Staff to 
the Headquarters of the Commander- 
in-Chief of the Kiangsu Expeditionary 
Force against Yuan Shih-kai ; advisor 
to the Ministry of War ; senior staff 
officer to the Headquarters of the 
Commander-in-chief of Kwangtung and 
Kwangsi; Chief of Staff to the 
Headquarters of the Commander of the 
6th Army of the National Pacification 
Forces; Chief-of-Staff to the Head- 
quarters of the Director-General of the 
Border Defence of Kwangtung, Kiangsi 
and Hunan ; Superintendent of the 
Canton-Hankow Railway ; Garrison 
Commander of the Canton-Hankow 
Railway ; Garrison Commander of the 
Hsinghua-Chuanchow Area of Fukien ; 
Field-Commander of the Left Wing 
Force of the East Route of the 
Anti-Rebel Army (against Gen. Chen 
Chiung-ming) ; senior advisor to the 
Commander-in-Chief of Kwangtung 
Army; member of the Finance Com- 
miss'ion of the Headquarters of the 
Generalissimo (Dr. Sun Yat-sen) ; 
member of the Finance Committee of 
the Central Party Headquarters of the 
Kuomintang ; secretary of the Kwang- 
tung Party Headquarters ; now. Chief 
Secretary of the Examination Yuan, 



Hsu Chung-chi 

1ft * * 

HSU CHUNG - CHI, Government 
official ; born in Kwangtung, 1883 ; a 
grandson of ex-Vicerory Hsu Nin-kwei 
of Fukien and Chekiang ; was graduated 
from the Japanese Military Cadets' 
Academy in Tokyo ; served as a 
brigade-commander at Foochow ; joined 
the Kuomintang and participated in 
revolutionary movements for the over- 
throw of the Manchu dynasty ; during 
the 2nd Revolution against Yuan 
Shih-kai's monarchical movement, he 
was placed in charge of the Kwangtung 
Constitutional Forces stationed at 
Canton under the supreme command of 
Dr. Sun Yat-sen and later appointed 
commander of the Northern Punitive 
Expeditionary Forces of the Canton 
Constitutional Government ; member of 
the State Council of the National 
Government, v since 1932 ; member of 
the Central Supervisory Committee of 
the Kuomintang, since 1926 ; appointed 
Vice-President of the Control Yuan, 
November 1935 ; address : Control Yuan, 
Nanking. 



DR. SUNG-NIEN HSU, author and 
university professor ; born at Wusih, 
Kiangsu, 1904 ; graduate of Tungchi 
University, Shanghai ; went to France 
in 1920 and studied at the following 
schools : Institute Franco-Chinois (Lyon) , 
Universite de Lyon, Ecol Universelle 
(Paris), Paris University; received 
Litt.D. degree from Universite de Lyon ; 
returned to China in 1930 ; director 
of the publications department and 
chief librarian of the Labor University, 
Shanghai ; now professor at the Central 
University, Nanking ; married Miss 
Suzanne, a French girl and graduate 
of Ecole des Beaux-Arts de Bordeaux ; 
in addition to teaching at the Central 
University, he is now editor of the Milo 
Weekly Section of the China Times 
(Shanghai), The Literary and Arts 
Supplement of the Ming Shcng Pao 
(Nanking) ; author of the following 
books : "Cinquante poemes Chinois," 
"Li Tai-po, son epoque," "sa vie et 
son ceuvre," "Etude sur Tou Fou," 
"Choix de poemes de Li Po," "Choix de 
poemes de Tou Fou," "Poemes et tseu 
choisis de Wang Ching-wei," "Collection 
de la Politique de Pekin," "Les chants 
de Tseu-ye et Autres poemes d'amour," 




Dr. Sung-nien Hsu (Hsu Chung-nien) 



# * 



"Collection de la Politique de Pekin," 
"Anthologie de la Literature Chinoise," 
"Collection Pallas Delagrave," in French 
and several novels and books of poems 
in Chinese ; address : 234 Route Dupleix, 
Shanghai or National Central Univer- 
sity, Nanking. 




Hsu Feng-tsao 

* M* ft % & a 

HSU FENG-TSAO, customs super- 
intendent ; born at Wusih, Kiangsu,. 
1891 ; graduate of the Nanking Naval 
Academy ; after graduation, he entered 
the Chinese naval service and in 1916 
when China declared war on Germany, 
he was responsible for the capture of 
the two German gunboats, "Olter" and 
"Vaterland" ; captain of the gunboat 
"Chu Yu" and in that capacity, he 
disarmed fifteen Russian gun boats 
commanded by Admiral Stark ; pro- 
moted chief staff officer of the Chinese 
Admiralty ; later, became chief of the 
general affairs department of' the 
Ministry of Navy and was given the 
rank of Rear Admiral ; upon establish- 
ment of the National Government at 
Nanking, he was appointed councillor 
of the National Admiralty ; he resinned 
from the naval service in 1930 and was 
appointed superintendent of customs 
at Amoy, Fukien, which post he held 
for several years ; he is one of the 
promoters of the International Club at 
Amoy and also a member of Rotary 
Club. 



94 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Hsu Fu-lin 

* # * * i m. 

HSU FU-LIN, retired Government 
official; born at Ho-ping, Kwangtung 
in 1870 ; was graduated from Peking 
Law College and then attended Hosie 
University in Japan and received his 
LL.B. degree ; took a prominent part 
in the 1911 Kevolution and was a 
member of the council which drafted 
the Provisional Constitution at Nanking 
in 1912 ; when the National Assembly 
was convened in Peking in 1913 he 
became a member of the House of 
Representatives ; when the Parliament 
was dissolved by Yuan Shih-kai in 1914 
he went to Japan ; returned to China 
in 1915 and founded two political 
magazines, Righteousness and New 
Chung Hwa which opposed Yuan Shih- 
kai's monarchical plans ; was again a 
member of the Lower House in the 
Peking Parliament, 1916-17 ; when 
the Parliament was dissolved by Li 
Yuan-hung, he went to Canton and 
helped establish the Military Govern- 
ment under Dr. Sun Yat-sen and at 
different times held the positions of 
Chief Justice of the High Court, 
Minister of Justice and Chief Justice 
of the Supreme Court. 



Hsu Fu-su 

HSU FU-SU, retired Government 
official. 
(See Page 157, 4th Edition). 




Hsu Hsi-chino 
* * ft 



HSU HSI-CHING, retired Govern- 
ment official ; native of Kwangtung ; 
graduate of the Peking National 
University ; Mayor of Swatow ; Vice- 
Minister of Commerce and Industry, 
National Government, Nanking ; member 
of the Fukien Provincial Government 
and concurrently Commissioner of 
Finance ; joined the Fukien Indepen- 
dence Movement, 1933, and was 
appointed Vice-Minister of Finance and 
concurrently member of the Economic 
Council of the Fukien People's Revolu- 
tionary Government; he has been living 
in retirement, since Jan. 1934. 




HsuHsien-shih 

a m *$ $ A i$ 

HSU HSIEN - SHIH, Government 
official ; born at Ming-ching, Fukien, 
1895 ; was graduated from the artillery 
department of the Paoting Military 
Officers' Academy ; staff officer in the 
Headquarters of the Military Governor 
of Sinkiang ; chief of the department of 
arms of the 4th brigade of Ching Kuo 
Chun (National Pacification Army) in 
Fukien ; commander of the 3rd 
regiment and chief staff officer of the 
4th independent division of the 
Nationalist Revolutionary Army ; mem- 
ber of the Provincial government of 
Fukien and concurrently Commissioner 
of Reconstruction for the province, 
1928-29. 




Singloh Hsu (Hsu Hsin-lu) 

SINGLOH HSU, banker; born at 
Hangchow, Chekiang in 1890 ; received 



his education at the Imperial Poly- 
technic College (now Nanyang College), 
Shanghai and was graduated in 1907 ; 
went to England with the support of 
the Chekiang Government and studied 
science at Birmingham University, 
1908-11 and received his B.Sc. degree; 
studied commerce at Victoria Univer- 
sity, Manchester, 1911-13 and received 
his B.Com. degree : studied at the Ecole 
des Sciences Politiques (finance section), 
Paris, 1913-14 ; returned to China in 
1914 and joined successively the Ministry 
of Finance, Peking, the Bank of China, 
and the National Commercial Bank, 
Shanghai, of which he is at present 
managing director and general manager ; 
he is also chairman of the Taishan 
Insurance Co., Ltd., Shanghai ; he was 
elected as a Chinese member of the 
Shanghai Municipal Council in 1929 
and reelected for the years of 1930-35; 
address : National Commercial Bank, 
230 Peking Road, Shanghai. 



S. Wu Hsu (Hsu Hsin-wu) 
Of <S &< 

S. WU HSU, river conservancy 
engineer; born at Yencheng, Kiangsu, 
1893; graduate of the River Conserv- 
ancy College, Nanking; studied at 
the Ohio State University, U.S.A., 
graduating with M.Sc. degree ; professor 
of the River Conservancy College and 
the National Central University at 
Nanking ; chief planning engineer of the 
Hwai River Conservancy Commission ; 
director of the compilation section of 
the Organization Department of the 
Central Party Headquarters ; President 
of National Honan University, Kaifeng, 
Honan ; professor of Tangshan College 
of Chiao-tung University ; he is now 
Chief engineer of the Hwai River 
Conservancy Commission ; address : Hwai 
River Conservancy Commission, National 
Economic Council, Nanking. 




W. Imin Hsu 

%'& & 

W. IMIN HSU, physician; born at 
Canton, Kwangtung Nov. 11, 1890; 
received his A.B. degree from St. John's 
University, Shanghai in 1916 and M.D. 
fromjthe same school in 1919; M.M.Sc. 
degree from the University of Penn- 
sylvania in 1922 ; associate professor 
of urology at St. John's University, 
1922-30 ; genito-urinary surgeon at St. 
Luke's Hospital, Shanghai, 1922-30 ; 
visiting urologist to the Red Cross 
Hospital, Shanghai, 1922-25 ; consulting 
urologist to the Orthopedic Hospital, 
Shanghai 1928-30 ; medical officer. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



95 



Chinan University, 1927-28 ; Professor 
of urology, St. John's University, 1934 ; 
member : Shanghai Medical Society ; 
The Chinese Medical Association ; 
Amity Lodge 106; P.I. and A.A. 
Scottish Rite, A.A.O.N. Mystic shrine, 
Afifi Temple. American University 
Club ; Medical Practitioners' Association 
of Shanghai, Shanghai Rotary Club and 
he was promoter of the Y's Men's 
Baby Clinic ; address : office ; 33 Sze- 
chuen Road, Shanghai. 




Hsu Jen Tslng^Hsu Jen-chun) 

HSU JEN TSING, ex-official; bora 
at Wu-hsien, Kiangsu in 1875 ; recived 
his early education in his native 
province and after passing the 
Imperial examinations of the province 
he served as secretary to several 
high Government officials ; he then 
took advanced courses in finance and 
law and was appointed to several 
high positions in Kwangtung province ; 
in 1931 he joined the office of the 
military commissioner in Shanghai 
where he served until 1921, when he 
was appointed director of the Chapei 
Public Works Department; he was at 
various times counsellor of the 
Ministry of Finance, adviser to the 
Cabinet, adviser to the director of 
military rehabilitation of Chekiang, 
adviser to the Governor of Chekiang, 
adviser to the Woosung Bureau of 
Commercial Development ; he is now 
living in retirement in Shanghai. 




JUI-CHUN HSU, Chinese Consul 
at Manila; born at Canton, Kwangtung, 
in 1897 ; studied Law and Political 
Science at the Peking Government 
University and was graduated with 
LL.B. degree ; appointed assistant 
secretray to the Ministry of 
Agriculture and Commerce in 1919; 
recommended to investigate the 
conditions of the Overseas Chinese 
in French Indo-China, Siam, Straits 
Settlements and the Federated Malay 
States in 1920; for some time, 
translator of the Bureau of Immigra- 
tion, Peking ; editor of the Ming Po 
at Peking in 1921; acting secretary 
to the Ministry of Agriculture and 
Commerce, 1922; appointed Vice- 
Consul at Singapore 1924; acting 
Consul-General at Singapore, August 
1926-September 1927 ; resumed Vice- 
Consulship in October 1927; appointed 
Consul at Rangoon, April, 1929, to 
August, 1934; transferred to Manila, 
Philippine Islands in September, 1934, 
as Consul of the Chinese Consulate- 
General in the Philippine Islands- 
elected by the Overseas Chinese of 
Burma to attend the People's Confer- 
ence at Nanking, May 1931 ; address : 
Chinese Consulate-General, 2nd Floor, 
China Bank Building., Manila, Phil. Is. 




Hsu Jui-chun 



Hsu K'e-hsiano 

HSU KE-HSIANG, army officer; 
born at Siang Shiang, Hunan in 1879; 
was graduated from a training 
institute attached to the Hunan Army 
at the end of the Ohing Dynasty ; 
after the 1911 Revolution he was 
made Lieutenant and in 1915 Captain 
of the Hunan reservists; in 1921 he 
went to Kiangsi and joined the first 
Nationalist military campaign against 
the North ; he was promoted Regimental 
Commander in 1923 and Brigadier 
Commander in 1924 ; was sent to the 
border of Szechuen during the conflict 
between Wu Pei-fu and the Nationalists 
in 1924 ; in 1927 when the Communists 
planned a coup d'etat on Changsha, he 
took over the town and suppressed the 
movement ; he was stationed in Kwangsi 
engaged in suppressing the rebels, 
1929-30. 




HSU KUAN-NAN, business man; 
born at Wucheng, Chekiang in 1867; 
junior secretary to the Prime 
Minister ; founder of the Hui Wen 
College at Peking ; director of the 
railway and mining section of the 
office of the Director of Railways in 



Hsu Kuan-nan 

ft t $ & $1 
1905 ; Taotai of an important circuit 
in Chihli, 1905 ; on the establishment 
of the Republic he devoted most of 
his time to philanthropic work in 
Chekiang and in Shanghai; he 
organized the Nantao Waterworks and 
became managing director; appointed 
adviser of the Ministry of Finance 
in 1921; did excellent work in the 
relief of sufferers of the Kansu 
earthquake of 1922; he is now a 
director of the Chinese Chamber of 
Commerce at Shanghai and is on the 
board of directors of several banks 
in Shanghai, Chekiang, Canton and 
Hongkong ; address : Chinese Chamber 
of Commerce, Shanghai. 




Hsu Kuan-san (Hsu Kuan-shan) 



1} t 2. 



HSU KUAN-SAN, civil engineer; 
born at Changsha, Hunan in 1S96; 
received his high school training . at 
Yale College in China, Changsha; 
entered Nanyang College, Shanghai in 
1916 and was graduated in civil 
engineering ; he then went to America 
and gained practical experience with 
various highway commissions, stru- 
ctural companies and consulting 
engineers ; received the degree of 
M.C.E. at Cornell University ; returned 
to China in 1926 and was engaged by 
the Hunan Provincial Government as 
highway engineer to build a military 
road from Changsha to Liuyang ; 



96 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



appointed designing engineer in the 
department of public works when the 
Hankow Municipal Government was 
formed ; later appointed chief of the 
planning and designing division of the 
department of public works at 
Hangchow; on the organization of the 
Government of Greater Shanghai in 
1927 he was given a similar position ; 
at present senior engineer and chief 
of the second division in the Bureau 
of- Public Works ; he is an associate 
member of the American Society of 
Civil Engineers ; address : Bureau of 
Public Works, Municipality of Greater 
Shanghai, Shanghai. 



H$u Lan-chow 

ft M m $ £ w 

HSU LAN-CHOW, army officer. 
(See Page 161, 4th Edition). 




Hsu Mo 

% tk 
HSU MO, Government official; born 
at Soochow, Kiangsu, 1892; received 
his early Chinese education at home 
and finished .his middle school in 
Shanghai; entered the law department 
of the Pei-yang University at Tientsin, 
1912 and was graduated with LL.B. 
degree in 1916; taught English and 
law at the Yangchow Middle School, 
Kiangsu, 1917-18; was awarded by 
the Ministry of Justice of the Peking 
Government a certificate for exemption 
from judge's examinations, 1919; 
passed the diplomatic and consular 
service examinations with honor, 1919; 
served as an attache to the Chinese 
Legation at Washington and in 
the meantime, secretary to the 
Chinese Delegation to the Washington 
Conference, 1920-22 ; studied law 
and political science at George 
Washington University and was 
graduated with LL.M. degree in 1912; 
upon his return to China in 1922, 
he was • appointed professor of law 
and political science of Nan-Kai 
University at Tientsin and continued 
to hold that position up to 1926.: 
from 1925-26, he was also dean of 
the college of arts of the same 
University; became member of the 
Chinese Bar Association at Tientsin 
1926 and at the same time, acted as 
the chief editor of the Yi Shih Poo 
< Social Welfare), Tientsin; came to 
Shanghai in the latter part of 1926 
and was appointed judge of the 
Shanghai Provisional Court, 1927; 
president of the district Court of 



Chinkiang, Kiangsu, 1917; Counsellor 
and Director of the International 
Affairs Department of the Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs, 1928 ; Director 
of the European-American Department 
of the same Ministry, 1928-31 ; con- 
currently, Director of the Asiatic 
Department, 1931 ; also concurrently, 
Commissioner of Foreign Affairs for 
Kiangsu, Shanghai, 1929; Administra- 
tive Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs, 
1932; Political Vice-Minister for 
Foreign Affairs, 1932 to the present; 
address: 101 Kao Lou Men, Nanking. 





P. C. Hsu (Hsu Pao-chlen) 

f tf 
Committee, Y.M.C.A. at Geneva and field 
secretary, World's Students Christian 
Federation, Geneva, since June, 1930 ; 
address : Yenching University, Peiping. 



C. L. Zeen (Hsu Mou) 

® .% $ & m 

C. L. ZEEN, merchant; born at 
Yuyao, Chekiang, 1862; came to 
Shanghai to enter business at the age 
of 14 ; Chinese manager of Messrs. 
Mou trie and Co., Shanghai, 1882; 
organised the Chapei Volunteer Corps, 
Shanghai, during the 1911 Revolution; 
promoter of the Anti-Kidnapping 
Society at Shanghai with branch 
offices at the various ports ; organi- 
sed the International Famine Relief 
Committee Shanghai, 1913; served on 
the International War Relief Com- 
mittee, 1915; besides his numerous 
activities, he also served in the 
following organizations : a director of 
the Chinese General Chamber of 
Commerce, Shanghai; chairman of the 
Chi Seng Hospital, Shanghai; director 
of the Kiangwan Electric Works; 
director of the Chinese, Ratepayers' 
Association; promoter and director of 
the China Industrial Training Works 
and manager of the Bank of 
Kiangwan. 



P. C. HSU, university professor; 
born at Shangyu, Chekiang March 12, 
1892 ; attended the Customs College, 
Peking, 1910-15 ; Union Theological 
Seminary, 1920-23 ; Teachers' College, 
1921-22 ; studied philosophy at Columbia 
University, 1922-24 ; student secretary 
of the Peking Y.M.C.A., 1915-20; 
executive secretary, Peking Y.M.C.A. 
Student Work Union, 1924-26; lecturer 
in philosophy, Yenching University, 
Peking, 1924-26 ; associate professor 
of philosophy, Yenching University, 
1926-27 ; professor of philosophy and 
head of the department, Yenching 
University, 1927 to the present; China 
correspondent of the International 
Fellowship of Reconciliation, 1929 to 
present ; research secretary, World's 




Paul H. Hsu (Hsu Pel-huang) 

PAUL H. HSU, Government official, 
born at Soochow, Kiangsu in 1888; 
received his early educatiion under 
private tutors ; graduated from the 
Preparatory Department, Imperial 
Polytechnic College, Shanghai, 1909; 
graduated with honors from Wiliston 
Academy, 1919, Easthampton, Mass. ; 
S. B. Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, Boston, 1914; took 
advanced courses in Chemistry and 
Chemical Engineering, M.I.T. 1914-16 ; 
appointed assistant in Chemistry, 
1914-16 (being the first Chinese 
graduate who received such an honor 
in that institution) ; research chemist 
with the Larkin Co., Buffalo, 1916-18; 
chemical engineer with the Procter 
and Gamble Co., Ivorydale, Ohio, 
1918-20 ; research chemist with 
Miner Laboratories, Chicago, 1920-21 ; 
superintendent, International Soap and 
Drug Works, Shanghai, 1921-28 ; is 
considered the best soap and oil expert 
in China; professor and dean of the 
Middle School, Nanyang University 
(Chiaotung University), 1923-27; 
consulting chemist and chemical 
engineer; when the Revolutionary 
Army came north in 1927, he joined 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



97 



the political world; appointed secre- 
tary-general, Shanghai Branch of the 
Central Political Council, February-May 
1927; when the Branch Political 
Council was dissolved in May, 1927, 
he was appointed Chief of Division, 
the City Government of Greater 
Shanghai and concurrently, director 
of Native Products Museum and 
director of the Municipal Industrial 
Testing and Research Laboratory, 
1927-28; promoted a counsellor. 
Mayor's office, 1928; senior counsellor, 
1929-30; ordered to take charge of 
the Bureau of Education in October, 
1930 ; president, Technology Club of 
China, 1929-30 ; president, Nanyang 
Alumni Association, 1930; president, 
the Chinese Engineering Society, three 
times ; director, the Chinese Institute 
of Engineers, 1931-33; president, the 
Shanghai Branch - of the Chinese 
Institute of Engineers, 1931 ; president, 
The Chinese Institute of Engineers, 
1934 ; chairman of delegation of the 
Chinese Engineering Society to the 
World Power Conference and the World 
Engineering Congress at Tokyo, 1930 ; 
member of the National Congress of 
Commerce and Industries, 1930 ; member 
of the Civic Center Construction 
Commission, City Government of Greater 
Shanghai ; now, Commissioner of Public 
Utilities of Shanghai ; address : Bureau 
of Public Utilities, City Government, 
Greater Shanghai Municipality. 




U 



Ju Peon (Hsu Pei-hung) 

#■ & 4 

JU PEON, artist; born at Ihsing, 
Kiangsu, 1894 ; was sent to Europe by 
the Ministry of Education to study fine 
arts, 1918 ; attended the National School 
of Fine Arts of Paris (L'Ecole Nationale 
des Beaux-Arts de Paris), 1919-23; 
during this time, he exhibited several of 
his own works at the Salon of French 
Artists (Salon des Artists Francais ) and 
also at the Societe Nationale des Beaux- 
arts ; after having travelled extensively 
in Europe to further his studies of fine 
arts, he returned to China in 1927 and 
was appointed director of the National 
Academy of Fine Arts in Peiping, which 
position he soon resigned and came 
south to join the National Central 
University at Nanking as a professor ; 
he held an exhibition of his Chinese 
paintings at Brussels in 1930, which was 
highly successful ; in May, 1933, he 
represented the Chinese artists at 
an exhibition of Chinese paintings at 
Muses Nationale des Ecoles Etrangeres 
de Paris and at the same time, Belgian 
artists requested him to give another 
exhibition of his individual productions 
at Brussels ; in Nov. 1933, the Berlin 



Arts Association invited him to give an 
exhibition in the German Capital, where 
he won great admiration ; in Dec. 1933, 
he gave an exhibition of ancient and 
nodern Chinese paintings at Milan, 
Italy ; in March, 1934, he was invited 
by the China Institut in Frankfurt to 
give an exhibition of Chinese paintings 
in the National Museum in that city ; 
in the following month, the Soviet 
Government extended him an invitation 
to give an exhibition of all Chinese 
paintings both of his own production 
and of other Chinese artists at Moscow, 
which won him great admiration from 
both the Soviet artists and people; in 
Jane the same year, the Musee Ermitage 
at Leningrad invited him to give an 
exhibition there and during the exhibi- 
tion, the Soviet Government for the first 
time exchanged some of their productions 
for some Chinese paintings ; the French 
Government also bought 12 of his paint- 
ings ; author of several works on fine 
arts, the best known of which are 
Souvenir de Pekin, (Musee du Jeu de 
Paume de Paris), Kiufankau, etc., 
address : School of Fine Arts, National 
Central University, Nanking. 




* 



Pel-yuan Hsu (Hsu Pei-yuan) 

PEI-YUAN HSU, Government offi- 
cial; born in Lanchi, Chekiang, 
January 1, 1902; graduated from the 
Middle School of Hangchow Christain 
College, 1922; graduated from the 
Preparatory School of Southeastern 
University, 1923; graduated from the 
College of Commerce of Southeastern 
University, 1926; teacher in Ningpo 
Commercial School, 1926 ; Editor-in- 
Chief of Hangchow Ming Kuo Daily 
News, 1929 ; Chief Secretary of 
Chekiang Provincial Headquarters of 
Kuomintang, spring, 1928 ; Secretary 
of Kwangtung and Kwangsi Geological 
Survey Society and concurrently editor 
of Canton Ming Kuo Daily News, 1928 ; 
Secretary in the Ministry of Commun- 
ications, 1929; sent to the United 
States by the Kuomintang Central 
Executive Committee to pursue 
advanced study, and took research 
courses in Graduate Schools of Chicago 
University and Universities of Illinois 
and California, 1930-33 ; assistant 
General Manager of China Electric 
Company and concurrently member of 
Planning Committee of ' the Publicity 
Committee of C.E.C., 1933; Deputy 
Director General of Postal Remittances 
and Savings Banks, and concurrently 
member of Purchasing Commission of 



Ministry of Communications, and the 
Planning Committee of the Publicity 
Committee of C.E.C., 1934; Address: 
Directorate-General of Postal and 
Savings Banks, Ministry of Com- 
munications, Nanking. 




Zai-ztang Zee (Hsu Shan-hsiang) 

#•-&# 
ZAI-ZIANG ZEE, scientist and 
engineer; born at Shanghai, Dec. 10, 
1882; received his Chinese classical 
education under private tutelage at 
home and passed the prefectural com- 
petitive examination 1898 with Hsiu 
Tsai degree (Bachelor of Chinese 
Literature) ; studied English at St. 
John's College, Shanghai, graduating 
in 1904; taught in Nanyang High 
School for two years and won a 
Government scholarship from Kiangsu 
province by competitive examination; 
entered Yale University, New Haven, 
U.S.A., in the fall of 1906 and 
was graduated in 1909 with Ph.B. 
degree specializing in chemistry; after 
one year's advanced research on 
pyrimidines, he returned to China in 
1910 to serve as director of studies 
in the China National Institute at 
Woosung, Shanghai; edited a number 
of scientific text-books both in English 
and in Chinese (published by the 
Commercial Press), 1911-13; served a3 
government assayer in the Department 
of Mints in the Ministry of Finance, 
Peking, 1914-15 ; joined the faculty 
of the College of Yale-in-China, in 
Changsha, as head of the chemistry 
department, 1916 and continued to 
serve in the College for 11 years, two 
of which were spent in America for 
advanced study as a research fellow 
of the Rockefeller Foundation ; while 
in America, he took up China wood 
oil and Chinese lacquer-oil varnishes 
as his special study and received 
Ph.D. degree in Chemical Engineering 
from Columbia University in_ 1925; 
professor in the Central University 
Nanking, 1927; when the Ministry of 
Industry, Commerce and Labor was 
organised in 1928, he was appointed 
a technical expert and concurrently 
director of the department of indus- 
try ; in these capacities, he set 
himself to work on the Standardization 
and Unification of Weights and 
Measures and recommended the so- 
called "1-2-3 System" which is now 
adopted by the National Government 
(the "1-2-3 System" is so-called 
because 1 liter is taken as the unit 
of volume, Vi kilogram, as the unit 
of weight and 1/3 meter, as the unit 
of _measure) ; promoted director of 
the technical department of the 



98 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



same Ministry in May, 1929 #id 
concurrently director of the Central 
Industrial Laboratory, Nanking, in 
June, 1929; when the Ministry of 
Agriculture and Mining and the 
Ministry of Industry, Commerce and 
Labor were amalgamated into the 
Ministry of Industries in Dec. 1930, 
he was reappointed director of the 
technical department; during 1930-33, 
plans were laid for some of the 
important chemical industries, such 
as the ammonium sulphate plant, the 
paper mill, the alcohol distillery, the 
sugar refinery, etc., which were being 
realised one by one; in the spring of 
1934, he resigned from the Ministry 
to go abroad for the third time, 
investigating nitrogen fixation pro- 
cesses and world's nitrogen industry 
with particular reference to China; at 
present, he is serving as vice-president 
of China Chemical Industries, con- 
sulting and constructing chemical 
engineers, by whom several of the 
large chemical plants in China are 
being designed and constructed ; author 
of "The Influence of Concentration, 
Temperature and Humidity on the 
Drying of Chinese Lacquer-Oil Var- 
nishes" "Qualitative Chemical Analysis," 
textbooks ; editor of the New Sciences 
Series and co-editor of the English- 
Chinese Standard Dictionary (Web- 
ster's) ; member of the Sigma XI 
Honorary Society, American Chemical 
Society, Chinese Science Society, 
Chinese Engineering Society, the 
Chinese Society of Chemical Engineers 
and other technical institutions ; 
address : China Chemical Industries, 
101 Sassoon House, Shanghai. 



decoration by the Ministry of Justice, 
1924 ; practised law in Soochow and 
Shanghai from 1925 to present ; address : 
54 Kung Ping Li, Burkill Road, 
Shanghai. 





hsu Shih-chang 

*■ K * £ M~ *■ 

HSU SHIH-CHANG, lawyer; born 
in Hangchow, Chekiang in 1892 ; was 
graduated from Chekiang Law College ; 
chief of police department of Kaishing, 
Chekiang, 1911 ; chief of department 
of education of Siaofeng district, 
Chekiang and prosecutor of district 
procuratorate, Tehtsing, Chekiang in 
1916 ; prosecutor of local procuratorate 
of Kinhua, Chekiang in 1917 ; judge of 
Iwu district procuratorate, Chekiang, 
1919 ; chief of department of education 
of Wuhsin, 1920 ; judge of Tungyang 
district procuratorate, Chekiang, 1921 ; 
councillor of Kiangsu Provincial marine 
police administration and judge of 
district court of Yungkia, Chekiang, 
1922 ; judge of Changchow district 
procuratorate, Kiangsu 1923 ; judge of 
Jukao district procuratorate, Kiangsu ; 
awarded second class order gold 



Hsu Shih-chano 

#• ■& & % % /v 

HSU SHIH-CHANG, ex-President 
of China ; born at Tientsin, Chihli, 1858 ; 
a Hanlin Compiler under the Manchu 
regime, 1886 ; senior councillor of board 
of commerce, 1903 ; Minister of Govern- 
ment Council, 1905 ; Grand Councillor 
of State, 1906 ; Viceroy of Manchuria, 
1907-09 ; assistant Grand Secretary of 
State and Grand Councillor of the State, 
1910; associate Prime Minister and vice 
President of the Privy Council, 1911 ; 
High Commissioner for the Emperor, 
1911; Grand Guardian of the Emperor, 
1912 ; Secretary of State 1914 and 1916 ; 
President of Chinese Republic, 1918-22 ; 
was given the honorary degree of Doctor 
of Literature by the Paris University, 
France, 1921 ; he has been living in 
retirement in Tientsin since 1922. 




Leonard S. Hsu (Hsu Shih-Iien) 

**•<* M 

LEONARD S. HSU, Sociologist; 
born in Hunan in 1901 ; received his 
early education in Hunan and from 
1915-18 made a special study of the 
Confucian classics under the famous 
Hunanese scholar Liu Jen-hsi ; went to 
America in 1918 ; received B.A. from 
Stanford University in 1921 ; M.A. 
with distinction in 1922 and Ph.D. 



with highest distinction in 1923 from 
State University of Iowa ; later he 
became Lecturing Fellow in Oriental 
Politics and Civilization at the State 
University of Iowa and Research 
Associate in Sociology at the University 
of Chicago; since his return to China, 
he became at various times Professor 
of Sociology, Head of the Department 
of Sociology and Social Work, and 
Dean of the College of Social Sciences 
of Yenching University; lecturer in 
Sociology at National Tsing Hua 
University, Peiping National University, 
and University of Nanking; in 1930-31 
he made an investigation tour of social 
and economic conditions to England, 
France, Germany, U.S.S.R. and other 
European countries ; and lectured on 
Chinese Social Changes at Princeton, 
Chicago, Columbia, and Northwestern 
Universities ; he also served in the 
Government as Senior Secretary of 
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the 
Nationalist Government in 1926-27 ; 
Secretary to the Commission for Labor 
Arbitration in 1927 ; member of the 
Industrial Planning Committee of the 
Ministry of Industry, Commerce and 
Labor in 1928 ; member of the 
Committee for Standardization of 
Scientific Terms of the Ministry of 
Education in 1929 ; adviser to the 
Social Bureau of Peiping Municipality 
in 1929 ; counsellor to the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs in 1931 ; member of 
the Rural Reconstruction Commission 
of the Executive Yuan since 1932 ; 
adviser to the Ministry of Industries 
in 1933 ; at present Counsellor to the 
Ministry of Industries, Vice-Director 
of the Bureau of Rural Reconstruction 
of the National Economic Council, 
Chairman of the Silver Committee 
and Member of the Committee for 
Commercial Treaties of the Ministry 
of Industries ; elected President of the 
Chinese Sociological Society for 1933-34 ; 
honorary corresponding member of 
the Italian Committee for Population 
Studies ; member of the College of 
Fellows of the American Population 
Association ; corresponding member of 
the London Institute of Sociology ; 
and Cooperative Editor of American 
Journal of "Sociology and Social Re- 
search" ; author of "Political Philosophy 
of Confucianism" (London) ; "Sun 
Yat-sen, His Social and Political 
Ideals" (U.S.A.), "Chinese Population 
Problems" (Shanghai), "Principles of 
Population" (Shanghai), "Culture and 
Politics" (Peiping), "Rural Reconstruc- 
tion Experiments in China" (Co-author 
with Y. S. Djang, Shanghai), etc. 
Editor of Chinese Sociological Review 
(Quarterly), since 1929 and Sociological 
World (Annual), since 1927; address: 
Bureau of Rural Reconstruction, Na- 
tional Economic Council, Nanking. 



HSU SHIH-TSANG, retired Govern- 
ment official ; born at Tientsin, Chihli 
in 1886 ; brother of ex-President Hsu 
Shih-ch'ang ; studied at the Imperial 
College of Languages, Peking ; was sent 
to Belgium in 1908' as attache to the 
commission studying finances ; returned 
to Peking in 1909 and was sent to 
Belgium by the Civil Governor of Kirin 
to investigate commercial conditions ; 
entered Liege University and was 
graduated in 1911 with a bachelor of 
commerce degree ; he was appointed 
Chinese Minister to Italy in 1911 and 
representative to the Turin Interna- 
tional Exposition, for which he was 
7iven a medal by the Italian Govern- 
ment ; travelled in Europe studying 
commercial and railway problems inl912, 
after which he returned to China and 
oined the Ministry of Communications ; 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



99 




Hsu Shih-tsang 

assistant accountant of the Lunghai 
Railway, 1913 ; assistant engineering 
director for the Lunghai Railway, 
1914-16 ; assistant managing-director of 
the Peking-Hankow Railway, 1916-17 ; 
studied communications administration 
in Japan, 1917 ; on returning, he was 
appointed managing-director of the 
Pukow-Singyang Railway and of the 
Tientsin-Pukow Railway ; member of 
the joint commission for prevention of 
plague on Chinese railways and chief 
of the plague prevention bureau of the 
Tientsin-Pukow Railway, 1918; member 
of the traffic conference, 1918 ; in 1919 
he was adviser to the Inspector-General 
of the Yangtze River, adviser to the 
Military Governor of Kiangsu, adviser 
to the Civil and Military Governors of 
Shantung and co-director of the ad- 
ministration for the repatriation of 
enemy subjects ; managing-director of 
the Pu-Hsing Railway and of the 
Tientsin-Pukow Railway, 1920 ; he was 
later appointed vice-Minister of Com- 
munications and concurrently Director- 
General of Railways ; chairman of the 
standing committee on the unification 
of railway accounts and statistics, 
deputy governor of the Bank of Com- 
munications and chairman of the com- 
mission to study problems of inter- 
national communications ; he was also 
ordered to make preparations for the 
establishment of a communications 
university ; in 1921 he was chief of the 
International Communications Bureau, 
associate director of the Famine Relief 
Bureau and director-general of the 
Currency Bureau ; he retired from 
public life in 1922 ; he was decorated 
with the 2nd class Wenhu, 1917; 2nd 
class Tashou Paokuang Chiaho, 1918 ; 
2nd class Tashou Chiaho, 1919 ; 1st 
class Tashou Paokuang Chiaho, 1921 ; 
and 1st class Wenfu, 1921. 




HSU SHIH-YIN, chairman of the 
National Famine Relief Commission and 
ex-Prime Minister ; born at Chiteh, 
Anhwei, 1872 ; a senior licentiate under 
the Manchu regime, 1897 ; began his 
official career as a compiler in the law 
compilation bureau under the Board of 
Justice ; associate Chief Justice of the 
High • Court of Fengten, 1908 ; accom- 
panied George Hsu Chien, then a high 
judical official in Peking, to Europe and 
America on a special mission to study 
judical administration, and attended 
the 8th Conference on Prison Reforms 
held in America ; Chief Justice of the 



Hsu Shih-yin 

■Pi- & $k % # ^ 
Supreme Court, Peking, May, 1912 
Minister of Justice, July, 1912 to 
September 1913 ; Civil Governor of 
Fengtien, October 1913 to March 1914 
Civil Governor of Fukien, May 1914— 
May 1916 ; Minister of Communications 
July, 1916 ; Civil Governor of Anhwei 
1921 ; acting Minister of Justice and 
for a time Prime Minister 1925-26 
Chairman of the National Famine Relief 
Commission, 1928 to the present 
address : c/o National Famine Relief 
Commission, Nanking. 




Shuhsi Hsu (Hsu Shu-hsi) 

SHUHSI HSU, university professor; 
born at Swatow, Kwangtung, April 3, 
1892 ; graduate, Anglo-Chinese College, 
Swatow, 1910 ; B.A., Hongkong Univer- 
sity, 1919 ; Ph.D., Columbia University, 
1925 ; appointed lecturer on international 
law at Hongkong University, 1919 ; 
professor and head of department of 
political science, Yenching University, 
Peking, 1924, which position he still 
holds ; in the latter institution he 
served concurrently at different times 
as chairman, commission on studies ; 
chairman, committee for the graduate 
division ; dean, college of social sciences ; 
dean, college of public affairs ; he 
attended the Kyoto (1929) and Shanghai 
(1931) conferences of the Institute of 
Pacific Relations as Chinese spokesman 
on the Manchurian question ; and 
assisted the Mukden authorities in the 



organization of the North-eastern 
Foreign Relations Research Council 
during the crisis of 1981 ; in 1932 he 
was appointed by the government 
technical adviser to the Chinese 
assesser on the Lytton Commission ; 
member, National Crisis Conference, 
Loyang; member, conference to advise 
on national problems, Nanking; in the 
same year he was sent to Geneva 
as technical adviser to the Chinese 
delegation to the League of Nations ; 
on his return the next year he was 
appointed technical adviser to the 
General Staff; member, National 
Defence Planning Council; author; 
"China and Her Political Entity," 
New York, 1926; "Essays on the 
Manchurian Problem," Shanghai, 1932 ; 
''Status of the Sino-Japanese Treaties 
of 1915," (in Chinese) Peiping, 1932 
member, Shriners' Club, Rotary Club 
etc ; address : 22 East Compound 
Yenching University, Peiping. 




Hsu Timj-hu 
#■;& *h % % fa 
HSU TING-HU, Government official; 
born at Yihsien, Chihli, 1891 ; graduate, 
Chihli Agricultural College and Chin 
Shan Agricultural College, ' Japan ; 
M.A. of University of Paris, France ; 
served as professor of National Peking 
University ; assistant director of Peking 
Agricultural College; principal of 
Charhar Industrial School; dean and 
acting principal of agriculture depart- 
ment of Hopei University, Paoting ; 
director, department of forestry, Ministry 
of Agriculture and Mining ; chief of 
Shanghai bureau of inspection and 
testing of agricultural products ; director 
of department of forestry, Ministry 
of Agriculture and Mining 1930 ; now 
director of the department of agricul- 
ture of the Ministry of Industry; 
address : Ministry of Industry, Nanking. 



GEN. HSU TING-YAO, army offi- 
cer; born at Wuwei district, An- 
hwei, 1891 ; after having completed 
his secondary education at Yuan- 
Kiang Middle School in Wuhu, he 
attended the Wuchang Preparatory 
Military School and was later graduated 
from the Paoting Military College; 
following graduation, he entered army 
service, starting his career as a 
company commander; during the 
Nationalist Revolution in 1926, he was 
appointed Commander of the Sth 
Regiment of the Nationalist Army and 
has since served successively as vice- 



100 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Gan. Hsu Ting-yao 

#■«. * ft ft # 
Commander of the 4th Independent 
Division, vice-Commander and later 
Commander of the Second Nationalist 
Division; Commander of 1st Brigade 
of the 1st Nationalist Division ; 
Vice-Commander and later acting 
Commander of the 1st Nationalist 
Division; Commander of the 4th 
Nationalist Division; Garrison Com- 
mander of Pengpu, Anhwei ; Field- 
Commander of the 1st Column of 
the Communist-Suppression Forces in 
Honan, Anhwei and Hupeh ; Commander 
of the 17th Nationalist Army and 
Field-Commander-in-Chief of the 8th 
Route Army, in which capacities, he 
fought against the Japanese invaders 
in the Spring of 1932 at Kupeikou and 
Nantienmen Passes north of Peiping; 
after conclusion of the campaign, he 
was appointed a member of the 
Military Affairs Commission at Nan- 
king, member of the Peiping Division 
of the Commission, Director of 
Paoting Provisional Headquarters of 
the President of the Military Affairs 
Commission ; appointed Head of the 
Chinese Military Inquiry Mission abroad 
by the National Government April, 1924 
and left China on May 11 for Europe; 
he returned on March 9, 1935; now 
Inspector-General of Military Trans- 
portation of the Military Affairs 
Commission ; well "versed in Chinese 
calligraphy, painting and mathematics ; 
author of several books on military 
tactics ; address : c/o Military Affairs 
Commission, Nanking. 



T. S. CHU, Government official; born 
at Wusih, Kiangsu in 1890; he was 
graduated at the head of his class from 
Nanking Naval Academy in 1§08 ; 
served in the Chinese Navy, 1908-10; 
went to America and studied naval con- 
struction at Massachusetts Institute of 
Technology, 1910-15 and received M.A. 
degree ; worked in various U.S. navy 
yards and submarine works, 1915-17 ; in 
1917, he was deputized by his Govern- 
ment to watch naval operations in the 
World War and was attached to the 
British Second Grand Fleet and the 
fleets of France and Italy; he was 
awarded the British D.S.O. for his 
services ; assistant naval attache to the 
Chinese Legation, London in 1918 ; 
served on the committee on naval affairs 
at the Paris Peace Conference. 1919 ; 
went to Japan in the fall of 1919 to 
inspect the Japanese fleet maneuvers ; 
returned to China and was appointed 
sectional chief of the bureau of naval 




T. S. Chu (Hsu Tsu-shan) 

affairs in the Ministry of Navy and 
concurrently special commissioner at 
Shanghai for the Department of Aero- 
nautics ; welcomed the Rome-to-Tokyo 
fliers officially for the Chinese Navy in 
1920 ; appointed councillor of the Govern- 
ment Aeronautical Bureau and chief of 
the general affairs department of the 
same Bureau, 1921 ; appointed councillor 
of the Director-General's office for the 
rehabilitation of Shantung affairs, 1922 ; 
placed in charge of taking over 
Tsingtao harbor affairs, harbor engineer- 
ing works, water police observatory 
and Kiaochow Customs, 1922 ; resigned 
from the Navy in December, 1922 and 
became director of Tsingtao harbor 
affairs and concurrently Superintendent 
of the Tientsin Customs ; appointed 
Superintendent of the Tientsin Customs 
in 1924 ; inspected shipyards and naval 
works in Japan, 1925 ; appointed mili- 
tary adviser to Chiang Kai-shek in 1827 ; 
appointed director of the Lung-Hai 
Railway and later director-general, 
1929 ; in May, 1930, he was appointed 
Special Commissioner for the rendition 
of Weihaiwei Affairs ; last known 
address : Office of the Commissioner fcr 
the Rendition of Weihaiwei, Weihaiwei, 
Shantung. 



sity, England ; 1916-18, studied interna, 
tional law, political science, and public 
finance for the doctorate at London 
University, England, and Lausanne and 
Zurich Universities, Switzerland ; 1919- 
20, chief diplomatic secretary to the 
Civil Governor of Shantung ; 1921, 
councillor to the Chinese Delegation to 
the Washington Conference ; 1922, 
councillor, Office for the Settlement of 
the Shantung Question and member of 
the Sino-Japanese Joint Commission for 
the Settlement of the Shantung ques- 
tion ; 1923-24 member, National Finan- 
cial Commission ; member, Foreign 
Affairs Commission ; and director of the 
drafting department, Office for Sino- 
Russian Negotiations ; 1925, Minister 
Plenipotentiary ; 1924-27, Commissioner 
for Foreign Affairs, Shantung ; 1928, 
vice-President of the Treaty Commis- 
sion, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the 
National Government ; 1928-30, council- 
lor to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs ; 
author of "History of the Chinese 
Monetary System," "Essay on Shantung 
Question," and "Essay on Revision of 
Treaties between China and Foreign 
Powers" ; Administrative Commissioner 
of Weihaiwei, since 1934. 





Hsu Tung-fan 

% %■ & f # * 
HSU TUNG-FAN, Government offi- 
cial ; born at King-Hwa, Chekiang in 
1S87 ; 1916, B.A., Birmingham Univer- 




Showin Wetzen Hsu (Hsu Wei-cheng) 

#■ # X % M $ 

SHOWIN WETZEN HSU, former 
president of the Appeal Court and 
Special District Court of Shanghai ; 
born at Tunghsiang, Chekiang in 1881 ; 
entered Nanyang College, Shanghai, in 
1898 and after graduation in 1904, he 
went to America and entered Hastings 
College of Law at the University of 
California ; after the San Francisco 
earthquake and fire in April, 1906, 
he went to the University of Chicago 
to continue his law studies ; in 
order to specialize in political science, 
international law and diplomacy under 
Dr. Harding, Dr. Woodburn and Prof. 
Hershey, he entered the University of 
Indiana in the fall of 1908, where he 
received a law degree the following 
year ; in the latter part of 1909, he 
was recalled by the Ministry of 
Communications and appointed as a law 
compiler in the councillor's department ; 
in 1910, he was appointed to the 
position of a legal adviser to the 
naval commission ; in August, he passed 
the competitive examination given to 
returned students and in December, 
when the Ministry of Navy was estab- 
lished, he was appointed judge-advocate 
of the Ministry; in 1911, when he 
took the Palace examinations, he was 
awarded an M.A. degree and appointed 
secretary of the Ministry of Education ; 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



101 



ia the same year, he was appointed 
by the Ministry of Communications as 
chief of the bureau for foreign affair* 
ia the Directorate-General of the 
Chinese Railway* : in July, when war 
between Italy and Turkey broke out. 
he waa specially commissioned by the 
Ministry of Navy to consult the 
Ministries for Foreign Affairs and 
Army to devise ways and means for 
China's neutrality ; while connected 
with the Ministry of Navy, he wrote 
and translated many important works 
oa Naval Laws and Regulations; In 
Jul>. he was appointed by the Prime 
Minister as a member of the legislative 
bureau in Cabinet ; in 1012, he was 
appointed by the Ministry of Finance 
as a member of the reorganisation 
loan commission ; In August, he was 
appointed by the President as Justice of 
the Supreme Court of China ; in 1918. 
wfta consent of the Supreme Court, he 
waa specially invited by the Shanghai 
Defense Commissioner to be a legal 
adviser on international law and foreign 
affairs : in Nov. 1916 he was appoints! to 
act concurrently a_ a judge of the High 
Prise Court: appointed aa a gsesjshct 
of the commission for the discipline of 
judical officers in 1918 and in October 
of the same year be was awarded by 
the President the second class Tashou 
Chia-ho decoration ; ha waa appointed 
acting president of the High Court of 
Shansi Province in February. 1919 : be 
waa made president of the High Court 
of Shansi in 1920; in January. 1926 
he waa elected by the delegates of 
various countries aa Chinese secretary- 
general to the Extraterritorial 
mission held in Peking and from April 
to Jane, made a trip with the foreign 
delegates to the different provinces to 
inspect the courts and prisons : In the 
winter of the same year, he was 
commissioned to make preparations In 
organising the Shanghai Provisional 
Court and when completed the old 
Mixed Court was rendered to his hands ; 
on January 1, 1927, he was appointed 
the first president of the Shanghai 
Provisional Court, but resigned the post 
in May, 1927 during the revolution ; 
in 1928. he waa appointed councillor 
of the Ministry of Industry. Commerce 
and Labor and was concurrently 
commissioned to draft laws relating 
to commerce, industry and labour ; in 
the winter of \'<:* he was transferred 
to the councillornhip of the Ministry of 
Judicial Administration, where he was 
concurrently appointed a member of 
the commission for the grading and 
appointment of judicial officers and a 
member of the commission for the 

< lamination of lawyers : in the summer 

< f 1929, he was appointed by the same 
Ministry chief examiner of judicial 
officers in Hupeh province and in 
December he waa appointed the second 
time as president of the Shanghai 
Provisional Court; on April 1, 1980. 
when the Shanghai Provisional I 
waa reorganised, he waa appointed the 
President of the Kiang*u Second Branch 
High Court: in April. 1982. he waa 
transferred again to the councillorship 
• ■< the Ministry of Judicial Administra- 
tion, and at the same time, a member 
of the Commission for the Examination 
of the Judicial Officers and lawyer* : in 
April 1983, he waa appointed the Special 
Commissioner for the Administrative 
Area No. 6 (at Rating) by the Kiangsu 
Provincial Government and resigned in 
Nov. of the same year; he then joined 
the Central Hank of China, being a 
member of the Economic Commission 
and concurrently the Secretary General 
of the Commission : since May. 1984. he 
has been legal adviser of the Trust 
Department of the Central Bank of 
China: address: No. 7. Lane 760. Yu 
Yaen Road. Shanghai. 




0. F. Hmi 'Hsu Yuan) 
et it * <** 

G. F. HSU. retired Government 
official; born at Chinkiang, Kiangsu 
in 1873; received his preliminary educa- 
tion from 1'Ecole Municipale Ftancaise. 
Shanghai ; studied at Nanking Univer- 
sity and Nanking Tungwen College, 
from which he waa graduated ; English 
translator in the Bureau of Foreign 
Affairs of Chekiang ; inspector of 
Customs. Hangchow . proctor of the 
Bureau of Foreign Affairs of Chekiang ; 
English secretary to the Governor of 
Shansi ; general secretary to the 
Governor of Kiangsu; proctor of the 
Bureau of Foreign Affairs at Soocbow : 
resident director of the Bureau of 
Foreign Affairs of Honan ; secretary in 
charge of foreign affairs to the Tutuh 
(Military Governor) of Honan and 
concurrently chief of the Bureau of 
Foreign Affairs of Honan, 1912; 
Commissioner of Foreign Affairs in 
Honan. 1918*20, when he waa appointed 
Commissioner of Foreign Affairs for 
Kiangsu. Shanghai which position he 
held for many years ; member of Treaty 
Commission of Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, 1928-80; he is now living in 
retirement at Shanghai. 




Sun Yu-hsin. 1921 : Commander of the 
r Ir.t Hrigade of the Shansi Army. 1*24 I 
Commander of the First Division of 
the Shenai Army and concurrently 
stem Saesan* 



Garrison Commander of 
Mttj promoted Comm and er of the 
3rd Army. 1924; participated In the 
Nankow Battle during the war b * t woo a 

the Riiominrhun under General Feng 
Yu-hsiang and thr Fenglien Army 
under the late General Chang Tao-lin ; 
when the Kuominchun retreated, bis 
Army entered Hhan-i through Shenai 
and was ordered to be stationed at 
Fungyang and Yuchih in Shansi ; during 
the Northern Punitive Expedition, he 
was appointed Commander of the 12th 
Revolutionary Army and concurrently 
Field-Commander of the Eastern Route 
Army of the Northern Revolutionary 
Forces ; Chairman of the Suiyuan 
Provincial Government. 1928: in 1929. 
hia Army was transferred to Hopei : 
Garrison Commander of Shansi and 
Suiyuan. 1930 ; Chairman of the Shansi 
Provincial Government, since 1931 : 
be si des being noted for hb generalship, 
he is also an able administrator, 
promoter of reconstruction and agri- 
cultural enterprises, native goods and 
educational reformer: address : Shansi 
Provincial Government, Taiyuan. Shansi. 



Hsueh Chlh-heng 
It -f- m $ * *f 

HSUEH CHIH-HENG. army officer. 
(See Page 170. 4th Edition). 




Hsueh Tu-pi 

pt % * f -f- K 

HSUEH TU-PI. retired Government 

official : born at Chieh Hsieh. Shansi in 

1892: he waa graduated from the Shansi 

Provincial Law College : judge of the 

Local Court of Hotung District. Shansi. 

1912; judge of the Local Court of 

I'ingyang District. 1912-14: appointed 

secretary to the Commander of the 16th 

Mixed Hrigade. Feng Yu-hsiang. 1914 

and *hortly after became military judge 

to the snme Hrigade . he held the 

concurrent position as Chief of the 

Ching»hib Likin Station In Hunan in 

1918: magistrate of Tsangteh. Hunan. 

1919-20: when Feng Yu-hsiang became 

Can. Hsu Yung-Chang Tuchun of Shensl in 1921 he waa 

i> At 1 s> 4 s appointed magistrate of Yenyanjr Hsicn : 

*r T- • =* K. ** he was tranferred shortlv after s* 

GEN. HSU YUNG-CHANG, Govern- acting magistrate of Chang-an sMaas, 

ment official; born at Hsun-hsien. the capital of Shensi : in October. 1921 

Shansi. 188a; graduate of the Military he was appointed acting director of the 

College at Peking. 1916; served as a* Shensi Opium Prevention Bureau: in 

regimental commander under General I December. 1921 he was appointed acting 



102 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



chief of the Shensi Financial Bureau ; 
when Feng: Yu-hsiang was transferred 
to Honan in May, 1922 he was ap- 
pointed acting: chief of the Honan 
Financial Bureau ; in January 1923 he 
was appointed acting vice-Minister of 
Justice and concurrently chief secretary 
of the Cabinet and chief of the Peking 
Octroi ; he was put in charge of 
the affairs of the Ministry of Justice 
of January, 1924 : Civil Gevernor of 
Kansu, 1926 ; Minister of Interior of 
the National Government at Nanking, 
1928 ; Minister of Health, 1929 ; partici- 
pated in the Northern Military Coalition 
Government at Peiping ; in January, 
1932, he was elected by the C. E. C. 
of the Kuomintang as a member of 
the National Government, which post 
he resigned in January, 1933 ; he is 
now engaged in private law practice in 
Shanghai ; address : 160 Avenue Edward 
VII, Shanghai. 




Hu Ao-kung 

W *F & 3F *r 5. 

HU AO-KUNG, retired Government 
official ; born at Chiang-lin, Hupeh in 
1885 ; was graduated from the Peking 
High College of Agriculture of Peiyang 
and the High College of Agriculture in 
Kiangsi ; participated in the first Re- 
volution, 1911 ; chief of the General 
Affairs Department in the Office of the 
Tutu (Military Governor) of Hupeh (Li 
Yuan-hung) ; elected a member of the 
House of Representatives, 1913 ; pres- 
ident of the Chinchow Law College 
1914 ; later he went to Szechuan and 
joined Gen. Ch'en I, Military Governor ; 
while, there he was at different times 
secretary to General Ch'en, Prefect of 
a Circuit and Pacification Commis- 
sioner ; he took part in the Yunnan 
uprising against the Yuan Shih-kai 
monarchical movement ; chief of the 
Civil Administration Bureau of Hupeh. 
1921 ; when the First Parliament was 
reconvoked in August 1922, he again 
took seat as member of the House ; 
vice-Minister of Education, 1922-24 ; 
author of . 'The Principles of Agricul- 
ture," and "The Literary Works of 
Ao-Kung" ; managing editor of the 
magazine To-'lay which advocates the 
Marxian Theory. 



CHENFU F. WU, biologist; born 
at Shanghai, 1896 ; studied Biology at 
Soochow University, from which he 
received his B.Sc. (1917) and M.A. 
(1919) degrees; after teaching one year 
at St. John's University, Shanghai from 
1919-20, he went to America on Tsing 
Hua Fellowship and received his Ph.D. 
degree from Cornell University, 1922 ; 
professor of Entomology at National 




Chenfu F. Wu (Hu Chen-fu) 



m m ~m 



Southeastern University and Entomolo- 
gist in the Bureau of Entomology of 
Kiangsu Province, 1922 ; professor of 
Biology and Head of Biology Depart- 
ment at Soochow University, 1923-26 ; 
Director of the Biological Supply Service 
at Soochow University, 1925-26 ; profes- 
sor of Zoology, Yenching University, 
since 1926 and Chairman of the Biology 
Department, 1927-31 ; Dean of the Col- 
lege of Natural Sciences at Yenching 
University, 1929 ; Travelling Professor- 
ship of the Rockefeller Foundation and 
Visiting Professor of Entomology at 
Cornell University, 1933-34 ; member of 
Sigma Xi (Cornell 1922), Phi Tau Phi 
(Soochow 1924), and Beta Beta Beta 
(Yenching 1928) ; Honorary Professor 
of Fan Memorial Institute of Biology 
at Peiping ; Vice-President of Peking 
Society of Natural History, 1934-35 ; 
Editor-in-chief of Peking Natural His- 
tory Bulletin since 1931 : Vice-President 
and Editor of the Zoological Society 
of China, 1934-35 ; address : Yenching 
University, Peiping. 




Hu Chiu-yuan 

*/i €*:-*£;& m 

HU CHIU-YUAN, writer and 
author ; born at Huangpi, Hupeh, 
1910 ; was graduated from the Junior 
Commercial School, Hupeh, 1920 ; entered 
Chien-Chuan Middle School in 1921 ; 
was deeply interested in the study 
of literature and science ; in thoughts, 
he was first influenced by Liberalism 
and Nietscheism and then became a 



Marxist ; in 1925, he entered the 
National Wuchang University, first 
studying Chemistry and Mathematics, 
later transferred to the Department of 
Chinese Literature ; while in school, he 
promoted the Youth Movement and 
wrote articles on socialism ; after the 
Kuomintang rule came to Hupeh, he 
was made editor of the Wuhan Review, 
an organ of the Hupeh Branch of the 
Kuomintang ; instructor at the Hupeh 
Political College and at the same time 
chief editor of The Chinese Students, 
organ of the 'Chinese Students' Union 
in Central China ; left Hupeh for 
Shanghai in 1928 and joined the 
Eastern Book Company as an editor ; 
in 1929, he went to Japan, where he 
entered the Politico-Economic Depart- 
ment of Waseda University ; while 
there, he studied literature and art, 
and also paid special attention to 
the ideology of Marxist interpretation ; 
returned to China in 1931 and 
devoted himself to writing and 
translation in Shanghai ; during his 
stay in Shanghai, he served as a 
professor at the National Chi-Nan 
University, chief editor of the Cultural 
Critics, La Kultures, and the Research 
Monthly; left Shanghai for Foochow 
in the latter part of 1933 and joined 
the Fukien Independence Movement, 
being elected a member of the Cultural 
Committee of the Fukien People's 
Revolutionary Government ; when the 
Movement collapsed, he went to Hong- 
kong and after remaining there for a 
while, he went abroad ; author of "Art 
in the Light of Historical Materialism," 
"Under the Lamp," (Essays), "Asiatic 
Productive Mode and Absolutism," 
'Imperialism and the Chinese Revolu- 
tion" ; translator of Friche's "Sociology 
of Art," Friche's "Some Problems of 
Art and Science," "History of the World 
According to Historical Materialism." 



Hu En-kiang 

IS & Jt $ & *. 
HU EN-KUANG, army officer. 
(See Page 173, 4th Edition). 




Hu Han-mino 

^ & a. 

HU HAN-MIN, Kuomintang leader 
and statesman ; native of Chekiang ; 
born at Fanyu, Kwangtung, 1886 ; 
received his early education at Can- 
ton ; was graduated from the Tokyo 
Law School, Japan, where he met Dr. Sun 
Yat-sen and became Dr. Sun's devoted 
follower for the cause of Revolution ; 
assisted Dr. Sun in organising the 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



103 



Ohungkuo Tung Ming Hui in Japan, 
(revolutionary alliance society) ; editor 
of the Ming Poo, a revolutionary 
organ, at Hongkong and the Hsin Wen 
at Singapore before 1911 ; upon the 
declaration of independence of Kwang- 
tung following the outbreak of the 
Revolution at Wuchang, he was elected 
provisional Tutuh (Military Governor) 
of Kwangtung, 1911 ; chief-secretary of 
the Nanking Provisional Government 
under the presidency of Dr. Sun, 1911 ; 
returned to Canton after Dr. Sun's 
resignation and was appointed Military 
Governor of Kwangtung, 1912-1913 ; 
pacification commissioner of Tibet, 
1913 ; upon the failure of the 2nd 
Revolution against Yuan Shih-kai, he 
went to Japan and later travelled 
between Japan and the South Sea 
Islands for the overthrow of Yuan 
Shih-kai, 1913-16 ; counsellor and secre- 
tary to the Canton Generalissimo (Dr. 
Sun), 1917; chief secretary of the 
Canton MDitary Government, 1918-19 ; 
accompanied Dr. Sun to Shanghai, 
where he remained until 1920 ; returned 
to Canton with Dr. Sun and was 
appointed Civil Governor of Canton by 
the Canton Constitutional Government, 
1921 ; when Dr. Sun regained power 
in Canton in 1923 after the defeat of 
Chen Chiung-ming, he was appointed 
Civil Governor of Kwangtung and later 
acting Generalissimo "during Dr. Sun's 
absence, 1924 ; travelled to Russia as 
delegate of the Canton Government to 
study land problems and the Soviet 
system of Government, 1925 ; member 
of the Central Executive Committee of 
Kuomintang, since 1924 ; member of the 
Central Political Council of Kuomintang, 
1925-30 ; toured in Europe, 1927-28 ; 
member of the State Council and 
President of the Legislative Yuan of 
the National Government, Nanking, 
1928-31 ; disagreed with General Chiang 
Kai-shek over the promulgation of the 
Provisional Constitution and resigned 
in February, 1931 ; his subsequent 
enforced residence in Nanking caused a 
breach between the National Govern- 
ment and Southwest, which was finally 
healed by his departure for Shanghai 
and a peace conference there in the 
winter of 1931 ; elected a member of 
the Standing Committee of Three of 
the Central Executive Committee of 
Kuomintang, but did not assume the 
post ; he now remains as member of 
the State Council and of the C.E.C. ; in 
retirement at Hongkong, 1932-35 ; left 
Hongkong on a tour abroad June 1935 ; 
elected Chairman of the Standing Com- 
mittee of the Central Executive Com- 
mittee, November 1935. 



S. M. WOO, health specialist; born 
at Changchow, Fukien, in 1887 ; received 
his education at : St. John's University, 
A.B. 1910 ; John Hopkins University, 
M.D. 1915; Harvard-M. I. T. School 
for Health Officers, C.P.H. 1916; 
travelled extensively to make first-hand 
observation of American public health 
services 1916-17; returned to China 
in June 1917 ; associate secretary, 
Council on Health Education 1917-20 ; 
commissioner of public health, Canton 
1921 ; general secretary of the National 
Health Association of China 1922 ; 
director of school hygiene department, 
Council on Health Education 1923-25 ; 
made second trip to America to study 
public health administration 1926-28 ; 
came back to China and served as 
technical expert to the department of 
Public Health of the Ministry of 
Interior, associate professor at the 
College of Medicine of the National 
Central University, and director of 
Woosung health center; joined the 
Ministry of Railways as sanitary expert, 
in November of 1928 ; appointed 




S. M. Woo (Hu Hsuan-ming) 

33 £ £ 

director of railway health service in 
November of 1929, also serving as 
member of the Central Health Council 
of the Ministry of Public Health, 
member of the labor health committee 
organized by the Ministry of Health 
and the Ministry of Labor and 
Commerce, and member of the medical 
committee of the Examination Yuan ; 
member of the Legislative Yuan 
January 1933 to the present ; translator 
of Rosenau's "Principles of Preventive 
Medicine and Hygiene," "How to 
Live," "Heredity and Eugenics," "The 
Cause of Disease," and "First Aid in 
the Home" ; author of "Health Recon- 
struction for China" ; address : IA Poo 
Chia Chiau, Chen Ju, Shanghai. 




Mrs. S. M. Woo (Woo-chiu Slokan) 

ifi H * * 

MRS. S. M. WOO, voice specialist; 
born in Amoy, Fukien, 1894 ; graduated 
from the Amoy Normal School for Girls 
in 1911 ; taught in Amoy for one year ; 
studied in McTyeire School, Shanghai, 
1912-14 ; succeeded in the first Tsing 
Hua scholarship examination for girls 
in 1914 ; graduated from Bradford 
Academy, U.S.A. in 1915 and Radcliffe 
College, Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 
1919 ; studied voice and piano at the 
New England Conservatory of Music, 
Boston, 1915-19 ; studied choral conduct*- 
ing at the Music School for Teachers, 
Cornell University, the summers of 



1917, 1918, and 1919; studied social 
work in the New York School of Social 
Work and music in the New York 
College of Music 1919-1920; studied 
voice under a French Professor in 
Strassbourg, France, the summer of 
1920 ; teacher at Kwangtung Provincial 
Normal School for Girls 1921 ; engaged 
in various social work activities in 
Shanghai, 1922-24; taught singing in 
McTyeire School, Shanghai, 1925 ; 
research fellow in Chinese Music at 
the Amoy University and teacher at 
Amoy Normal School for Girls, 1926- 
27 ; made second trip to America 
with family, and studied voice under 
Professor Minetti, head of Vocal 
Department of Peabody Conservatory 
Df Music, Baltimore, 1927-28 ; taught 
singing in McTyeire School 1928-Jan, 
1930, and led the McTyeire Junior 
Choir to win the first prize in the 
International Contest of Schubert's 
3ongs at the Schubert Festival in 
Shanghai 1928 ; head of the vocal 
department of the National College of 
Music, Shanghai 1929 to the present ; 
member of the Committee on Music 
Education of the Ministry of Education ; 
member of the Music Committee on the 
Preparation of a Union Church Hymnal 
for China ; contributing editor of the 
"Child Education Monthly" ; composer 
of "A Song Book for Children" ; address : 
The National Conservatory of Music 
1325 Rue Lafayette, Shanghai ; home 
address : IA Poo Chia Chiau, Chen Ju, 
Shanghai. 




S. Y. Livingston Hu (Hu Hsueh-yuan) 



S. Y. LIVINGSTON HU, railway 
official ; born at Anking, Anhwei, . 
1893 ; was graduated from Nanking 
University with B.A. degree in 1915 ; 
served as assistant principal of the 
Albright Preparatory School at Liling, 
Hunan, 1915-18 ; joined the faculty of 
Nankai College, 1918-20 ; went to United 
States, where he entered the commerce 
school of the Northwestern University 
and was graduated with B.S.C. degree 
1922 ; postgraduate study at 
Harvard University studying municipal 
and colonial government and received 
M.A. degree ; after graduation,, he 
joined the Lee Higginson Banking 
House of Boston and later went to 
Chicago, where he worked in the 
Harris Trust Company, Continental 
and Commercial National Bunk, Chicago 
Federal Reserve Bank and the Chamber 
of Commerce of Chicago ; returned to 
China in ,1926 and joined the faculties 
of Nanyang College and the University 
Utopia, Shanghai ; entered Government 
service and was appointed secretary of 
the Ministry of Communications under 
Sun Fo, then Minister of Communica- 



104 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



tions. of the Nationalist Government 
at Hankow, 1927 ; Superintendent of 
Customs and Commissioner for Foreign 
Affairs in Nanking, 1927 ; adviser to 
the Opium Suppression Office of Hupeh 
at Hankow, 1928 ; inspected all the 
National Railways with Edgar Snow 
of the China Weekly Review for the 
compilation of folders for advertising 
purpose abroad, 1929 ; represented 
Minister Sun Fo, the Minister of 
Railways, at the celebration of the 
Seventh Anniversary of the Return of 
Kiao-Tsi Railway at Tsingtao, 1929 ; 
appointed the Librarian of the Ministry 
of Railways for the reorganization of 
the library there, 1930 ; appointed to 
take charge of publicity work for the 
Railway Thru Traffic Administration 
of the Ministry of Railways, 1931 ; 
transferred to the Ping-Han Railway 
1933 as a technical expert, which post 
he now holds ; contributor to the 
China Weekly Review on topics relating 
to world politics ; address : Ping- 
Han Railway Administration, Hankow, 
Hupeh. 



Hu Hon-ki (Hu Hung-chl) 
HU HON-KI (HU HUNG-CHI), 



(health worker and official. 

1894-1933). 

(See Page 175, 4th Edition). 



Deceased 




H. Y. Hu (Hu Hung-yu) 

*! ** *fc £ m. £ 

H. Y. HU, Government official; 
born at Wusih, Kiangsu, 1888; attended 
the Nanyang College middle school, 
Shanghai, 1900-05 ; studied industry 
and commerce at the same college and 
was graduated in 1907 ; awarded a 
scholarship by the same college to 
study in America, where he entered 
the Wharton School of Commerce 
and Finance of the University of 
Pennsylvania in 1908 and received B.Sc. 
degree from the University in 1909 
and M.A. degree in 1910 ; went to 
Germany in 1911 and studied at 
Berlin University for four months ; 
returned to China in 1912 and became 
professor in the Nanyang Polytechnic; 
Institute at Shanghai ; manager of the 
Nanking branch of the Kiangsu Bank, 
1912-18; manager of the Wusih branch 
of the same bank, 1914; joined the 
Ministry of Communiations, Dec. 1914 ; 
appointed member of the standing 
committee on the unification of railway 
accounts and statistics in July, 1917 ; 
delegate of the Ministry of Communica- 
tions to the 7th China-Japan Through 
Traffic Conference in Tokyo, 1918 ; 



delegate of the same Ministry at 
Paris in connection with the Peace 
Conference, 1920 ; director of the 
railway through traffic administration, 
1923 ; chief of traffic department of 
the Ministry of Railways, 1928. 




Wenfu Yiko Hu (Hu I -kuo) 

* •& ft £ * * 
WENFU YIKO HU, judge and 
university professor ; born at Ningpo, 
Chekiang in 1876 ; attended St. John's 
University, Shanghai, 1890-97 and after 
his graduation until 1899, he was 
librarian and secretary of St. John's ; 
editor of St. John's Echo, 1895-97, the 
first college paper ever published in 
China ; instructor in English and later 
dean of the English Department at 
Nanyang College, 1899-1906 ; went to 
America in January, 1906 and entered 
the University of California ; Univer- 
sity of Chicago, 1906-1908 ; attended 
University of Illinois, 1908-09, receiving 
his A.B. and LL.B. degrees ; returned 
to China in 1909 and became legal 
adviser to the Board of Communications 
and a member of the commission for 
drawing up the railway, telegraph, 
navigation and postal laws ; professor 
of law at the Imperial University, 
Peking 1909-1912 ; dean of Nanyang 
College, Shanghai, 1912-13, when he was 
appointed a judge of the Supreme 
Court at Peking ; appointed a member 
cf the commission for the discipline 
of judicial officers in 1917 ; appointed 
concurrently judge of the Prize Court 
in 1917, when China declared war on 
the Central Powers ; Chinese delegate 
to the meeting of the Philippines Bar 
Association, 1919 ; member of the 
commission for the study of judical 
questions, 1920 ; member of the com- 
mission for the examination of special 
judicial officers in November, 1920 ; 
member of the commission for the 
discipline of high civil officers 1922 ; 
appointed Chief Justice of the Third 
Civil Court in 1924 and later of the 
Second Civil Court of the Supreme 
Court at Peking ; professor of law at 
the National University and the School 
for the Training of Judicial Officers, 
1922-25 ; appointed president of the 
Court of Appeal in the Shanghai 
Provisional Court and held this until 
the dissolution of the Court in April 
1, 1930 ; chief judge of the Civil Division 
of the Shanghai Special District High 



Court, 1930-33; appointed President of 
the Chinkiang District Court, Chinkiang, 
Kiangsu in 1933 ; appointed Chief 
Procurator of the Kiangsu High Court, 
Soochow, Kiangsu in 1934 ; professor 
of law at the Comparative Law School, 
Shanghai and a member of the 
executive committee of the National 
Child Welfare Association of China, 
Shanghai ; member of the Commonwealth 
Club, U.S.A., 1906-1908; member of 
the Reynolds Club, U.S.A., 1907-08 ; 
member of the Oratorical Association, 
U.S.A., 1908-1909; president of the 
Cosmopolitan Club, U.S.A., 1907-09 ; 
member of the Law Club of the 
University of Illinois, 1908-09 ; member 
of the Chinese Law Club in 1913 ; 
member of the Chinese Social and 
Political Science Association, 1915 and 
later member of the executive council 
and president; member of Phi Tau Phi 
Scholastic Honor Society of China ; 
edited the "Pocket Chinese and English 
Dictionary" in 1908 ; address : Kiangsu 
High Court, Soochow, Kiangsu. 




Bishop Joseph Hou (Hu Jo-shan) 

m & a 

BISHOP JOSEPH HOU, Catholic 
preacher; born at Chusan, Chekiang, 
Feb. 22, 1881 ; after finishing his 
preliminary studies of philosophy at 
the seminary in Chusan, he entered 
the congregation of the Mission in 
Sept. 1906 and after his novitiate in 
the provincial house of Kashing and 
his religious vows were taken, was 
ordained a priest in June, 1909 ; 
following one year of missionary work 
in Haimen (Chekiang), he took up 
the chair of philosophy in the Seminary 
St. Paul at Ningpo ; was chosen and 
named Apostolic Vicar of Taichow, 
Titular Bishop by His Holiness Pious 
XI at Rome on Oct. 28 of 1926; was 
installed in his Vicariate at Haimen, 
Chekiang on April 2, 1927; address: 
Haimen Catholic Church, Haimen, 
Chekiang. 



HU JO-YU, Government official; 
born at Hofei, Anhwei, 1895 ; was 
graduated from the Peking Government 
University with LL.B. degree; well 
versed in French ; delegate of Chang 
Hsueh-liang to attend the National 
Rehabilitation Conference ; counsellor 
to the Headquarters of the late Chang 
Tso-lin ; councillor of the Law Formula- 
tion Bureau, Peking, superintendent of 
Customs Administration, Peking ; made 
an expectant Minister Plenipotentiary 
by the Peking Government ; appointed 
vice-Minister of Health by the National 
Government at Nanking, but did not 
accept the appointment; appointed 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



105 




Hu Jo-yu 

*f\ £ & 

Mayor of Tsingoio Municipality, spring, 
1930 and assumed office in Sept. 1930 ; 
last known address : Tsingtao Municipal 
Government, Tsingtao. 




Hu Kuno-hsiang 

HU KUNG-HSIANG, army officer, 
born at Fu-yang, Chekiang, 1895 ; taught 
Chinese in the Physical Culture College 
of Hangchow, Chekiang; physical 
director of the Ta Hsia University at 
Shanghai ; a regimental commander 
under Lu Yung-hsiang (Military 
Governor of Chekiang) during the 
Kiangsu-Chekiang War, 1924; joined 
the revolutionary movement at Canton 
and served as chief secretary to the 
General Military Headquarters of the 
Cantpn Government ; commissioner of 
finance for Kiangsi, 1926 ; acting 
superintendent of military supplies of 
the Nationalist Army Headquarters ; 
chief inspector of the Customs House 
at Shanghai, 1927. 



K. P» Hu (Hu Kuano-plao) 

-ft * M $ U n> 

K. P. 1-iCJ, civil engineer; born in 
Szechuen, 1897 ; was graduated from 
Tsinghua College, Peking, in 1914 ; 
went to America, where he was 
graduated from the Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology in 1918 and 
served with the Stone and Webster and 
the General Electric Co., 1918-20; 
returned to China in 1920 and interested 
himself in engineering works ; he was 
one of the organizers of Messrs. Lam, 
Glines & Co., and became manager of 
the machinery department of the 
company in 1922 ; manager of the Chee 
Hsin Engineering Works and of the 
sale promotion department of the Chee 
Hsin Cement Co., Tientsin, 1924 ; was 
sent by the Chinese Government to 
investigate industrial conditions in 
Europe and America, 1924 ; organised 
the Cement Centennial Celebration at 
Tientsin. 1925; joined the Peking 
Mukden Railway as assistant chief of 
the Technical Division, 1926-27 ; later, 
consulting engineer to the Hua Hsin 
Cotton Mill, Tsingtao; he is a member 
of the Tientsin Rotary Club ; of the 
Chinese Engineering Society ; of the 
Science Society ; and of the Association 
of Chinese and American Engineers. 




Hu Lin 

-m & £ *fc ■£- 

HU LIN, journalist; born in Sze- 
chuen in 1893 ; after completing his 
early education in his home province 
he went to Japan and studied at Tokyo 
College, from which he was graduated 
in 1911 after taking the general college 
course and a special course in law 
and political science ; on his return 
to China, he made application for 
admission to the bar and passed the 
examinations ; shortly afterward he 
went to Shanghai and became editor 
of the Ta Kung Ho Pao, which post he 
soon resigned to become judge of the 
Chinkiang branch of the Provincial 
Court of Kiangsu ; later he went to 



Peking as special correspondent for a 
number of Shanghai newspapers and at 
the same time taught in the Government 
College of Law as well as several other 
educational institutions ; in 1915, he went 
to Kirin in connection with the Sino- 
Japanese negotiations about the time 
when the Twenty-One Demands were 
presented to China with an ultimatum ; 
there he was counsellor of the provincial 
government attending especially to the 
administration of foreign affairs and 
finances ; after resigning he returned to 
Peking as counsellor to the Ministry 
of Interior which post he gave up to 
again enter journalistic field, becoming 
editor of Ta Kung Pao at Tientsin ; 
in 1918 he went abroad, visiting some 
twenty countries and was the only 
Chinese newspaper correspondent in 
Paris during the Peace Conference at 
Versailles ; he returned in 1920 and 
organized and edited the newspaper 
New Society in Peking ; in 1921 he 
went to Shanghai and organized the 
Kuo Wen News Agency, an indepen- 
dent news and advertising service; in 
1926 he assisted in promoting a 
company to take over the Ta Kung Pao 
from the old management and become 
its general manager, which position he 
still holds ; his hobby is languages and 
he speaks and reads half a dozen of 
languages ; address : Ta Kung Pao, 
Tientsin. 




T. D. Woo (Hu Meng-chla) 

4!* ft $ &£ 

T. D. WOO, banker ; born at Ningpo, 
Chekiang, Oct. 7, 1887; educated at 
Nanyang University, Shanghai, and 
Birminghan University, England, gra- 
duating from the latter institution with 
M.A. in commerce ; following graduation, 
he did research work at the University 
of Manchester ; returned to China in 
1913 and joined the Chekiang College 
of Political Science at Hangchow as a 
professor of economics and concurrently 
professor of business administration in 
the Provincial College of Commerce at 
Hangchow ; he was engaged in educa- 
tional work for seven years and left 
Hangchow in 1919 to join the National 
Commercial Bank of Shanghai as a 
sub-manager and later as chief of the 
Credit Information Department ; in 1920, 
he joined the Bank of Communications 
as assistant chief of the Foreign 
Exchange Department of the Head 
Office of the Bank ; in 1922, he became 
sub-manager of the Shanghai Branch 
of the Bank and in this capacity, he 
instituted reforms in the working of 
the Bank, introduced up-to-date methods 
and inaugurated new policies _ in the 
banking operations ; in recognition of 



106 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



his services, he was promoted manager 
of the Shanghai Branch of the Bank 
in 1927 ; during the Nationalist Advance 
from Kwangtung to the Yangtsze Valley 
in that year which resulted in the 
overthrow of the Peking Government, 
he successfully maneuvered his bank 
through the crisis with great credit ; 
in the autumn of 1928, a new charter 
was obtained from the National Govern- 
ment at Nanking granting the Bank 
of Communications the privileges of an 
industrial bank ; following the reorgani- 
zation of the Bank's Administration, he 
was appointed general manager ; in 
April, 1933, he was transferred to the 
Central Bank of China as general 
manager of the Treasury Department, 
which post he has since held, and at 
the same time, was elected to the Board 
of Directors of the Bank of Communica- 
tions ; elected councillor of the Shanghai 
Municipal Council, 1930 and re-elected, 
1932 ; he now holds concurrently the 
following positions ; director of the 
China Development Bank, director of 
the Shanghai Municipal Bank, director 
of the Shanghai College of Law, director 
of the Great China University, supervisor 
of the China State Bank, executive 
officer of the Shanghai Bankers' 
Association, Chinese member of the 
Association of Shanghai Banks, member 
of the Standing Committee of the Joint 
Reserve Board of the Shanghai Bankers' 
Association, and director of the Ningpo 
Cotton Exchange, and general manager 
of the Industrial Bank of China ; 
address : Treasury Department, Central 
Bank, The Bund, Shanghai. 




Hu Po-an 
W& * 

HU PO-AN, journalist; born at 
Ching-hsien, Anhwei, 1878 ; a veteran 
member of the Kuomintang and a devoted 
follower of the late Dr. Sun Yat-sen 
in the revolutionary movement ; since 
the establishment of the RepubKc, he 
has been engaged in journalistic and 
educational »-ork in Shanghai ; served 
as editor of the following papers : the 
Min Lieh, Min Chuan, the Pacific, Chung 
Hwa Ming Pao and the Republican 
Daily News; professor in the following 
Universities : Southern University, Great 
China University, Chih-Tze University, 
Futan University, Chi-Nan University, 
Soochow University, and the Cheng 
Feng College ; appointed director of the 
Fukien provincial library; secretary of 
the Ministry of . Communications ; chief 
of the compilation and investigation 
section of the Shanghai-Nanking-Hang- 
chow Railway Administration ; member 
of Kiangsu Provincial Government and 
concurrently Commissioner of Civil 



Affairs for Kiangsu ; at present, chief 
editor of the Min Pao, Shanghai, and 
Professor at Chi Nan University, Chih 
Tze University and Cheng Feng 
College ; author of a series of books 
dealing with Chinese ancient philosophy, 
literature and origin of Chinese 
characters ; address : The Min Pao, 
201 Shantung Road, Shanghai. 




P. Y. Hu (Hu Po-yuan) 

* n- m 

P. Y. HU, Government official; born 
at Changchow, Kiangsu, 1889 ; attended 
Tangshan Engineering and Mining 
College, Tangshan, 1906-10; went to 
America and studied mining engineer- 
ing at Mass. Institute of Technology, 
and received his S.B. degree 1916 ; 
also received his petroleum engineer 
degree from University of Pittsburgh, 
1917 ; worked as assistant geologist in 
eastern Kentucky oil field for the Sun 
Oil Co., as assistant metallurgist for 
Jones Laughlin Steel Works, South 
side, Pittsburgh, and as metallographist 
for Edgewater Steel Co., Pa. 1917-19: 
after return to China, he joined 
Lungyen Iron Works, West Peking, 
as metallurgical engineer in charge of 
the construction work of the blast 
furnace and other structural works, 
1919-23 ; engineer in charge of the 
blast furnace section in Tayeh Iron 
Works, 1923-27 ; Director of Mines, 
Ministry of Agriculture and Mining, 
also professor in Central University 
1927-1930 ; Director of Mines, Ministry 
of Industries, 1930-31 ; Senior Technical 
Expert 1932 to present; Chairman of 
Arrangement and Executive Committee 
of the National Mining Metallurgical 
and Geological Exhibition held in 
Tientsin (July 8-28), 1934; address: 
Ministry of Industries, Nanking. 




DR. HU SHIH, author and univer- 
sity professor ; native of Anhwei ; 
born at Shanghai, Kiangsu, December 
17, 1891 ; his father was a scholar of 
high attainment and was known for 
his geographical researches in northern 
Manchuria, where he travelled exten- 
sively ; his father died, when he was 
only three years old and he was brought 
up by his mother, to whom, he says, 
he owes everything ; he lived with his 
mother at their home in Chi-ki hsien 
in Southern Anhwei. until 1904, when 
he came to Shanghai ; he began his 
study of Chinese when he was scarcely 
three years old ; during his six years' 
stay in Shanghai, he studied at the 
Mei-chi School, the Cheng Chong School 
and the China National Institute at 



Dr. Hu Shih 
*<.$<.-*. 

Woosung ; financial difficulty compelled 
him to support himself by teaching 
and by editing a revolutionary paper 
in Shanghai ; in 1910, he passed the 
government examination for an indem- 
nity scholarship and was sent to 
America, where he first entered 
Cornell University as a freshman in 
the College of Agriculture; however, he 
soon realized that he was not fit for 
agricultural work and that China 
needed literature and philosophy just 
as badly as scientific farming ; so he 
discontinued his study of agriculture 
and was transferred to the College of 
Arts and Science, where he devoted 
himself to English literature, political 
science and philosophy; he was elected 
to the Phi Beta Kappa Society in 1913 
and was awarded the Hiram Corson 
Prize for his essay on Robert Browning 
in 1914 ; after his graduation in 1914, 
he continued his studies in philosophy 
and was given a graduate scholarship 
at the Sage School of Philosophy in 
Cornell University; in 1915, he went 
to Columbia University, spent two 
years there and wrote his doctoral 
dissertation on "The Development of 
Logical Method in Ancient China" ; it 
was during these two years that he 
gradually developed his ideas of a 
radical reform in Chinese literature, 
these ideas were afterwards formulated 
into an article entitled "Suggestions 
for the Reform of Chinese Literature," 
which was simultaneously published in 
La Jeunesse and the Chinese Students 
Quarterly; this article formed the first 
manifesto of the "Literary Revolution" 
and its historical place was only 
superceded by another article of his 
entitled "A Constructive Revolution 
in Chinese Literature" (La Jeunesse, 
April 1918), which embodied the results 
of mature reflection and fruitful 
experimentation ; he was the first 
Chinese poet to devote himself to 
writing poetry exclusively in the spoken 
language; he has published over a 
hundred poems in the vulgate which 
he calls "experimental poetry" ; he 
began his poetic experiment in 1916; 
since then, there has grown up a 
school of "Vulgate Poets" in China ; 
in 1917, he was professor of philosophy 
at the Peking National University and 
in 1922, he became dean of department 
of English Literature ; "Philosophy," as 
he is found of saying, "is my life work 
and literature is my hobby ;" in 1918, 
he published a course of lectures on the 
Philosophy of the Mo School: in 1919, 
he published the first volume of his 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



107 



"History of Chinese Philosophy ;" in 
January 1922, he organized and edited 
a weekly in Peking called The Endeavor; 
he spent 1923 at Hangchow to recuperate 
his health; in 1924 he returned to 
Peking and again joined the Peking 
Government University ; in 1925, he 
was invited by the British Government 
to serve on the Advisory Committee on 
the British China Indemnity ; he went to 
England in 1926 and re-visited America 
in 1927; from 1927 to 1930, he was a 
resident in Shanghai, where he served 
for two years as President of the 
China National Institute at Woosung 
(1928-30) ; during these years, he 
published a series of articles criticizing 
the dogmas and policies of the 
Kuomintang ; these articles brought him 
much criticism from governmental and 
partisan quarters ; they are now 
collected in a volume under the title 
'"Essays on the Rights of Man;" three 
series of his Collected Essays were 
published in 1920, 1924 and 1930, 
forming twelve volumes in toto ; in 
addition to the works mentioned above, 
he has published a History of Living 
Literature (Vol. I. 1928) ; the 
Philosophy of Tai Chen (1928) ; An 
Anthology of Chinese Songs (1928) ; 
and The Life and Works of the Monk 
Shen Hui (1930) ; in 1930. he moved 
back to Peiping to undertake the 
editing of a series of Chinese transla- 
tions of European classics and history ; 
dean of the School of Literature of 
the National Peking University and 
chairman of the Translation Committee 
of the China Foundation for the 
Promotion of Education and Culture, 
Bince 1931 ; chairman of the Hangchow 
Conference of the Institute of Pan- 
Pacific Relations, 1931 ; editor of the 
Independent Critic, Peiping ; address : 
4 Mi Liang Ku, Hou Men, Peiping. 




Victor Hoo Chi-tsai (Hu Shih-tsi) 

HI -* if $ -*• # 

VICTOR HOO CHI-TSAI, diplomatic 
official ; native of Wuhsing, Chekiang ; 
born in 1894 at Washington, D.C. 
(where his father Hu Wei-teh was then 
secretary of the Chinese Legation) ; 
went to Russia in 1899 with his 
father (then Minister to Russia) 
and attended the Kaiser Primary 
School and Annen Schule at St. 
Petersburg, graduating from both in 
1905 and 1912 respectively ; visited 
Japan, .several times during this 
period (where his father had been 
Chinese Minister since 1908) ; went to 
Paris in 1912, where he was graduated 
from and awarded the first prize by 
the Ecole Libre des Sciences Politiques, 
Section Diplomatique ; joined the law 



school of the University of Paris in 
1913 and received degree of Licencie 
en Droit in 1918 and of Docteur en 
Droit in 1918 ; awarded by the same 
University the Prix Goullencourt for 
his studies and the Prix de these for 
his doctoral dissertation, "Les Bases 
Conventionnelles des relations modernes 
entre la Chine et la Russie" ; while 
a student in France, he spent his 
summers in England, attending summer 
lectures either in Oxford or Cambridge ; 
appointed assistant secretary of the 
Chinese Delegation to the Peace Con- 
ference at Paris, 1919 ; went to 
Brussels in 1920 as member of the 
Chinese Delegation to the Conference 
of Associations for the League of 
Nations and as a technical member 
of the Chinese Delegation to the 
International Finance Conference ; 
attended as a technical delegate of the 
Chinese Delegation the conference for 
the suppression of traffic in women 
and children at Geneva, 1921 ; attended 
as a technical adviser of the Chinese 
Delegation to the League of Nations 
the first five Assemblies of the League 
and also many other conferences 
convened by the League of Nations ; 
appointed 3rd secretary of the Chinese 
Legation in Belgium in 1921, but did 
not proceed to his post, having joined 
as secretary to the Chinese Delegation to 
the Washington Conference; transferred 
to the Chinese Legation at Berlin as a 
2nd secretary, promoted 1st secretary 
in 1923 and became Charge d'affaires 
in 1924 ; returned from Germany to 
China in 1925 to serve in the Tariff 
Conference at Peking as assistant 
director of the treaty department, 1927 ; 
also appointed technical expert to the 
Sino-Soviet Conference and assistant 
councillor of the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs ; appointed sectional chief in 
the treaty department of the Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs and secretary of 
the Cabinet, 1926 ; promoted assistant 
director of the treaty department, 
1927 ; appointed councillor of the 
Shanghai City Government and secretary 
of the Reorganization Commission in 
Sept. 1928, which positions he resigned 
when he became secretary of the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the 
National Government at the end of 
1928 ; served as* director of the Depart- 
ment of Asiatic Affairs of the same 
Ministry, 1930-31 ; went in April 1931 
to Moscow as technical adviser of 
the Chinese Delegation for the Sino- 
Soviet negotiations on the Chinese 
Eastern Railway ; in September 1931 
attended the Assembly of the League 
of Nations as Secretary General of 
the Chinese Delegation ; he attended in 
that capacity all the meetings of the 
League on the Sino-Japanese Conflict ; 
in January 1932 he assumed the post 
of Director of the Permanent Office of 
the Chinese Delegation to the League 
of Nations concurrently with that of 
Charge d' Affaires in Switzerland; in 
August 1933 he was promoted Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary at Berne while remaining at the 
same time as Director of the Permanent 
Office at Geneva; since May 1932 he 
also represents China at the League's 
Advisory Committee on opium and 
other dangerous drugs ; address : 
Chinese Legation, Berne, or Chinese 
Delegation, Geneva. 



SCHUHUA HU, university presi- 
dent ; born at Yu-hsien, Hunan, 1886 ; 
was graduated from the Technische 
Hochschule, (Technical College) Berlin- 
Charlottenburg with the "Diplom- 
Ingenieur" (Engineer's Diploma) in 
metallurgy ; assistant engineer for one 




Schuhua Hu (Hu Shu-hua) 

^ M 4 

year in the Krupp Steel Works in the 
City of Essen, Germany ; professor at 
the Hunan Public Technical College; 
director of general affairs and professor 
at the National Wuhan University, 
Wuchang ; Commissioner of Education 
of Kiangsu and concurrently Director 
of the Kiangsu Provincial Library ; 
Director of the Preparatory Bureau 
for the Organization of the Shanghai 
Steel Works ; Director of the Hanyang 
Arsenal ; Director and Expert Inspector 
in the Farmers Department of the 
Ministry of Agriculture and Mining, 
and Director of the Department of 
Forestry Administration of the same 
Ministry ; Director of the Liehshan 
Coal Mining Administration in Anhwei ; 
Director of the Shanghai Steel Works 
of the Ministry of War; delegate to 
the Second National Educational 
Conference and the First National 
Industrial and Commercial Conference, 
serving at the latter conference as 
one of the chairmen ; a delegate from 
Shanghai to the National People's 
Convention (the Kuomin-Huiyi ) , May, 
1931 ; President of National Tungchi 
University, 1929-32 ; member of the 
Legislative Yuan of the National 
Government ; Vice President of the 
Chinese Institute of Engineers, 1931-32 ; 
Chairman of the Board of Directors 
of the Chinese Institute of Engineers, 
1932-33 ; President of the Hunan 
Provincial University, 1932-35 ; now 
President of Chungking University, 
Szechuen ; author of a book in Chinese 
on the Metallurgy of Iron and Steel 
and another one on Metallurgical 
Engineering, both published by the 
Commercial Press ; address : Chungking 
University, Chungking, Szechuen. 



T. W. HU, university professor; was 
graduated from Tsing Hua College in 
Peking in 1923 ; went to the United 
States on a Chinese government 
scholarship in 1923 ; received his A.B. 
degree (magna cum laude) from the 
University of Washington at Seattle in 
1924, M.A. in 1925 and a Ph.D. in 
1928 from Princeton University; he 
held a fellowship in politics at Princeton 
University from 1925 to 1926 ; studied 
history at the University of Pennsyl- 
vania, 1926-27 ; elected a member of 
Phi Beta Kappa fraternity at the 
University of Washington in 1927 ; he 
was offered a Chinese Government 
travelling scholarship to Europe, but 
did not accept ; in 1927, he became 
lecturer in the department of Chinese 



108 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




his implication in the revolt of the 
Kwangsi faction against the Nanking 
Government, 1929 ; participated in the 
Northern Military Coalition at Peiping 
1930 ; he is now with the Kwangsi 
Army. 



T. W. Hu (Hu Tao-weh 



studies and librarian in the Gest 
Chinese Research Library at McGill 
University, Canada ; author of "The 
Case for China," "The Evolution of 
the Modern Doctrine of Nationalism," 
"The Story of the Kuomintang," "The 
Chinese Version of the Law of Nature" 
and ''Recent Political Ideas in China," 
address : McGill University, Toronto, 
Canada. 




Hu Tsung-ta 

•Pi % ££ 

HU TSUNG-TA, army officer; born 
at Hwangmei, Hupeh, 1892 ; after 
graduating from the Paoting Military 
Academy, he entered the army and soon 
became a brigade commander ; joined 
the Southern Government at Canton 
and was appointed border defense 
commissioner of Western Kwangsi ; 
when the Northern Punitive Expedition 
started at Canton, he was made a 
divisional commander in the 7th Army 
under Li Tsung-jen and was also given 
command of the 3rd Route Army ; 
commander of the 19th Nationalist 
Army and as such he was largely 
responsible for the defeat of Tang 
Shen-chi, when the latter rebelled 
against the Nanking Government, 1927 ; 
Garrison Commander of Wuchang, 
Hankow and Hanyang, 1927-28 ; member 
of the Wuhan Division of the Central 
Political Council and of the Military 
Council of Nanking Government, 1927- 
1928 ; was relieved of all his posts for 




Aw Boon-haw (Hu Wen-hu) 
« *. Jt 

AW BOON HAW, medical expert, 
druggist and philanthropist ; born at 
Yungting, Fukien ; second son of Hu 
Tsi-ching who traded in Chinese medi- 
cines in Burma during the last years of 
the Manchu Dynasty and opened a drug 
store, the Tiger Medical Hall in Rangoon, 
Burma ; while young, he assisted his 
father in the management of the drug 
business ; after many years of study and 
research in Chinese medical science with 
his brother Aw Boon Bar, he invented 
and compounded many useful medicines, 
the best known of which are the Tiger 
Balm, Headcure, Chinka White, Bala- 
shin ; when he began to accumulate 
capital as a result of the expansion of 
his business, he set aside large sums 
for public welfare work, his motto 
being "riches that derive from society 
should be used for the benefit 
of society" ; while in Rangoon, he 
established the Chinese Girls' Public 
School with himself as President and 
contributed more than a hundred 
thousand dollars to the institution ; 
later, he founded the Overseas Chinese 
Middle School and contributed $10,000 
towards its establishment ; to relieve the 
aged, the infirm and the poor, he 
contributed considerable sums for the 
building of Homes for Aged in Mand- 
alay and Thanton and assumed the 
sole responsibility for their mainte- 
nance ; during the rebellion of Chen 
Chiung-ming against Dr. Sun Yat-sen 
in 1924, he contributed $3,000 to Dr. 
Sun's war chest for the suppression of 
the rebellion ; owing to the growing 
expansion of his business, he established 
the second pharmacy at Singapore in 
1928 and also moved his family there ; 
during the great flood in North China 
in 1924, he raised subscriptions in 
Singapore and personally contributed 
$5,000 to the relief fund ; when Gen. 
Chiang Kai-shek launched his Northern 
Punitive Expedition and fought against 
the Northern militarists in Honan, he 
contributed over $100,000 to the military 
funds and presented to the Nationalist 
Government a large quantity of medi- 
cines for use in the front ; during 
the Red Uprising at Canton in 1927, he 
contributed another $100,000 to the 
Canton Chamber of Commerce for relief 
of the victims ; in the same year, he 
returned to China and opened a branch 



store in Shanghai ; when the Tsinan 
Tragedy occurred in March 1928, he 
contributed $15,000 to the Nationalist 
Government for relief of the victims of 
the Tragedy ; in the same year, when 
drought was spreading in Honan, 
Shensi and Kansu, he contributed $5,000 
and also many boxes of medicines to 
aid .the famine sufferers in these 
provinces ; when National Government 
issued the Rehabilitation Public Loan, 
he subscribed $100,000 to the loan, for 
which he was awarded a First Class 
Gold Medal by the Government ; he was 
welcomed by the National Government 
to visit Nanking in 1930 and donated 
$350,000 to the Central Hospital for the 
construction of a hospital for women 
and children in Nanking ; in addition 
to being a philanthropist, he is also 
interested in spreading Chinese culture 
and promoting physical education ; he 
established two newspapers, the Burma 
Morning Post in Rangoon and Singapore 
Daily News in Singapore ; he . visited 
China in 1934 and also made generous 
donations to various causes ; he twice 
visited China in 1935 ; address : c/o 
Tiger Medical Hall, 595 Ningpo Road, 
Shanghai. 




Y. K. Woo (Hu Yl-kuoi 
•m J& & f « K 

Y. K. WOO, Y.M.C.A. secretary, 
author and editor ; born at Soo- 
chow, Kiangsu, 1885 ; graduated from 
Soochow University, 1906 ; attended 
Columbia University, Teachers' College, 
and Union Seminary in New York, 
U.S.A., 1921 ; upon return to China, 
appointed an executive secretary of 
the Publication Department of the 
National Committee Y.M.C.A. of China; 
served successively as editor-in-chief 
of "China's Young Men," "Progress," 
"Association Progress"; trustee of 
Soochow University and Chairman of 
the Laymen's Christian Movement of 
M.E.S. in China, since 1932 ; author of 
the following works : "The Road to 
Character," "To the Youth," "Science 
and Christian Faith," "The Future of 
the Y.M.C.A.," "Life of H. L. Zia," 
"Observations and Experiences in 
Europe," "Personal Immortality," "The 
Discipline of Prayer," "Testimonies 
to the Life of Christ," and "The 
Life of Christ," Speer's "How to Deal 
with Temptation," Stevenson's "Dr. 
Jekyl and Mr. Hyde," Thayer's "From 
Pioneer Home to White House," 
Tolstoi's "Short Stories" ; edited Will 
Durant's "Story of Philosophy," "Popular 
Religious Study Series," "Christianity 
and Modern Problem Series," etc. ; 
address : National Committee, Y.M.C.A., 
20 Museum Road, Shanghai. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



109 




Hu Yun 



#$£-¥• 3* 



Y. HU, banker; born at Chinkiang, 
Kiangsu, 1884; manager of the head 
office of the Bank of Communications 
at Peking ; general manager and 
managing director of the China & South 
Sea Bank at Shanghai, since 1921 and 
as such, he was instrumental in the 
formation of a banking alliance with 
three other Chinese banks ? Viz., the 
Yienyieh Commercial Bank, Kincheng 
Banking Corporation and the Conti- 
nental Bank ; the four banks' Joint 
Treasury and the four banks' Joint 
Savings Society were also organized 
under his direction ; he is chairman of 
the Board of Directors of the Bank 
of Communications and one of the chief 
supervisors of the Joint Treasury and 
a member of the executive Committee 
of the Joint Savings Society ; aside 
from his interest in the China & South 
Sea Bank, he is a director of several 
other banks : the Kincheng Banking 
Corporation, the Tacheng Bank in 
Peiping, the Sinhua Savings Bank and 
the Kiangsu Tenyieh Bank ; address : 
China & South Sea Bank, Hankow 
Road, Shanghai. 




Hu Yung-teh 

'*ft #- & 
HU YUNG-TEH, lawyer; born at 
Ningpo, Chekiang in 1903; A. B. Futan 
University 1932 ; principal of the East. 
China College of Commerce, 1924 ; 
L.L.B. the Comparative Law School, 



Shanghai, 1926 ; J.D. Northwestern 
University, 1927 ; returned to China by 
way of Europe ; admitted to the 
Shanghai Bar Association and is at 
present practising law at Shanghai ; 
address : 11 Yuen Ming Yuen Road, 
Shanghai. 




Shiu-kel Wong (Huang Chao-chi) 



SHIU - KEI WONG, Government 
official ; born at Toishan, Kwangtung, 
1895 ; studied at the Canton Christain 
College middle school, 1910-15 ; attended 
Leland Stanford Jr. University and 
received his B.A. degree in economics 
in 1919 ; after which he entered business 
in America, first as assistant manager 
of the Chung Sai Yat Pao, San 
Francisco, California, (the largest 
Chinese daily in America, of which his 
father was the owner) ; later joined 
the China Mail Steamship Company, 
Ltd., San Francisco, (the biggest 
Chinese mail line during the World 
War) ; transferred to the Hongkong 
office of the company as assistant 
agent and later associate agent until 
1923 ; appointed assistant manager of 
the Hankow » branch of the National 
Commercial and Savings Bank, 1923 ; 
upon the capture of Wuhan by the 
Nationalists in 192G, he was appointed 
director of the Wuhan telephone 
administration by Sun Fo, then Minister 
of Communications ; when the Ministry 
was removed to Nanking in 1927, he 
was appointed to a concurrent post as 
chief-in-charge of the Hankow Office of 
the Ministry ; manager of the Hankow 
branch of the Central Bank of China 
and concurrently member of the Wuhan 
finance commission in charge of the 
financial affairs of Hupeh and Hunan 
and chairman of the commission for the 
distribution of 2%% Surtax treasury 
bonds at Hankow, 1927-2S. 



HUANG CHAO - CHIN, consular 
official ; born at Nan-An, Fukien in 
1899 ; after receiving his secondary 
education in the Japan Middle School, 
Tokyo, he attended Waseda University, 
from which he was graduated in 1923 
with a B.A. degree in Political Science 
and Economics ; he then went to 
America and entered the University 
of Illinois, from which he received a 
M.A. degree in 1926 ; upon his return 
to China he was appointed secretary 
of the Bureau of Foreign Affairs, 
Amoy : section chief. Overseas Bureau 
of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 
Shanghai ; section chief. Commission of 
Overseas Affairs of National Govern- 




Huang Chao-chln 

$• m # 

ment, 1928-29 ; sent to the Philippine 
Islands, Dutch East Indies, Malay 
Peninsula, Indo-China and Formosa. 
1929-30, by the Welfare Association 
for Chinese Abroad as its Special 
Representative to investigate conditions 
there ; rejoined the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs in 1930 ; chief of first section, 
Asiatic Department, 1931 ; attended the 
National Emergency Conference held 
at Loyang, May 1932 on behalf of 
the Foreign Minister ; Secretary of the 
Ministry 1932-35 ; appointed Consul- 
General at San Francisco, U.S.A. 1935 ; 
author of "The Chinese Expansion in 
Foreign Countries" published by the 
Chi-Nan University, Shanghai ; address : 
Chinese Consulate-General, San Fran- 
cisco, U.S.A. 




William C. T. Hwang (Huang Cheng-tung 



ft «- * 



WILLIAM 

chant ; born 



C. T. HWANG, mer- 
in Anhui, 1902 ; studied 
commerce and business administration 
at the University of Nanking ; after 
leaving college, he joined the Yuan Ho 
Co. in Shanghai, one of his family 
concerns dealing in sugar, sesame seeds 
and other cereal products : under the 
personal training of his father for three 
years, he acquired a thorough practical 
knowledge of Chinese business methods : 
in 192S. he founded the China Trading 
Corporation and became its sole 
proprietor and general manager, the 
principal business of the Corporation 



110 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



being to import sugar and to export 
sesame seeds ; in the course of three 
years he established his name as a 
"Sugar Magnate" ; besides a sugar 
merchant, he is also interested in 
banking business and is a promoter and 
member of Board of Supervisors of the 
Bank of East China ; address : China 
Trading Corporation, 119 Jinkee Road, 
Shanghai. 




Garfield Huang (Huang Chia-hui) 

*** 

GARFIELD HUANG, social worker; 
born at Amoy, Fukien ; attended 
Westminster College, Chinchew, Fukien ; 
Fukien University, Foochow, from 
which he was graduated with B.A. 
degree, 1921 ; editor of the Min 
Chao Magazine, 1920-21 ; instructor in 
the Anglo-Chinese College, Swatow, 
Kwangtung, 1921-22 ; secretary, national 
committee, Y.M.C.A. of China, 1922-23; 
editorial secretary, National Christian 
Council of China, 1923-24 ; a founder of 
the National Anti-Opium Association of 
China, 1924 ; editor. Opium a National 
Issue (Chinese monthly) and Opium a 
World Problem (English quarterly) ; 
lodged vigorous attacks against high 
government officials involved in opium 
smoking and traffic 1928 ; toured the 
different parts of the country to found 
branch anti-opium societies ; associate 
general secretary and later general 
secretary of the National Anti-Opium 
Association, 1928 to the present ; 
conducted general anti-narcotic educa- 
tional campaign in the Yangtsze valley 
and Manchuria, 1929 ; visited the 
various Chinese centers in the South 
Seas including British Malaya and 
Dutch East Indies, studying the opium 
situation and also starting the anti- 
opium campaign among the overseas 
Chinese, 1930 ; a founder and honorary 
secretary of the National Child Welfare 
Association ; address : National Anti- 
Opium Association, 128 Museum Road, 
Shanghai. 




I foreigners and churches in Southern 
China during the Boxer Uprising, 
1900 ; was chiefly responsible for the 
refunding of the first portion of the 
American Boxer indemnity to China 
for educational purposes during the 
administration of President Roosevelt ; 
leader in the 1911 Revolution and 
Commander-in-Chief of the United 
Troops which participated in the 
capture of Nanking from the Manchu 
forces and were chiefly responsible for 
the final defeat of Chang Hsun's 
troops ; he was instrumental in securing 
recognition of the Chinese Republic 
by the Powers and appointed Minister 
for Foreign Affairs by the Provisional 
Government at Nanking, but did not 
assume the office ; no further informa- 
tion has been received in recent years. 



Huang Chin-tao 

# £- $ 5 ft * 

M.A. degrees in 1915 ; after his return 
from America, he served as engineer 
and department head of the Han-Yang 
Iron and Steel Works from 1915-19, 
and was transfered to Tayeh Works 
and Mines to take charge of the 
Blast Furnance Plant, Chemical and 
Testing Laboratories, Stone Quarries 
and Coking Plant from 1919 to 1923; 
he was made Managing Director and 
Engineer-in-Charge of the Hanyang 
Iron and Steel Works from 1923-30; 
also served as technical adviser to the 
Hankow Municipal Government in 
1929 ; appointed senior technical expert 
of the Ministry of Industries ; General 
Manager for Li Shan Mines 1931 ; 
Director of the Mining Department 
of the same Ministry 1932 to date, 
concurrently Director of the Han Yeh 
Ping Iron and Coal Company and 
member of the Standing Committee for 
the National Iron and Steel Works ; 
member of American Institute of Mining 
and Metallurgical Engineers, Chinese 
Engineer of Mining and Metallurgy; 
address : Mining Department, Ministry 
of Industries, Nanking. 



HUANG CHIN-TAO, engineer and 
Government official ; born at Amoy, 
Fukien, 1888 ; received his early 
education at. Anglo-Chinese College, 
Amoy ; came to Tientsin in 1906 to 
study mining and metallurgical engine- 
ering at Pei Yang University; after 
graduation in 1910, he went to study 
mining and metallurgy at Columbia 
University, U.S.A. receiving E.M. and 





Huang Ching-yu 
* * * $ # A 

HUANG CHING - YU, customs 
official ; born at Wuhu, Anhwei in 1895 ; 
was graduated from the Wuhu Union 
Academy and Nanking University; 
director of the Wuhu Y.M.C.A. after 
finishing college ; joined the staff of 
the Wuhu Customs, 1915 ; chairman of 
the reorganization committee of the 
Wuhu Customs within the 50-K zone, 
1929 ; author of the "Wuhu Native 
Customs Guide" (under compilation) ; 
at present he holds the office of Native 
Customs assistant and is officer in 
charge of the Yuchi station, Wuhu 
Native Customs ; address : 6 Ninteeu 
Door Alley, Wuhu, Anhwei. 



Huang Chu-chlu 

HUANG CHU-CHIU, merchant. 
Deceased (1871-1931). 
(See Page 186, 4th Edition). 



Huang Ching-hai 

#** 

HUANG CHING-HAI, retired Gov- 
ernment official ; born at Nanking, 
Kiangsu ; advocated protection of 



HUANG FENG-HSIANG, editor and 
publisher ; born at Hankow, Hupeh, 
1905 ; received his early education in 
mission schools and was graduated 
from Boone University, Wuchang with 
B.A. degree cum. laude in 1927; head 
of the Reference Department of the 
National Central University Library, 
Nanking, 1928 ; sent to Penang to edit 
the Eastern Courier, an English Weekly 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



111 




Huang Feng-hsiang 

ft** * A * 
by the Central Publicity Department 
of the Kuorointang in 1929; editor of 
the Kwong Wah Yit Pok, a Penan* 
Chinese daily newspaper. 1930-38; now 
editor and publisher 6f the Min Kuo 
Jih Poo, Singapore; address: Min Kuo 
Jih Pao, 70 Robinson Road, Singapore. 





Charles Ahfook Wong (Huang Fo) 

# **> 

CHARLES A. WONG, business 
man ; born in Honolulu ; he was 
graduated from the Hawaii High 



Huang Fu 

* ft 5 ft * 
studied at Chun Wu Academy, Tokyo 
and later at the Military Survey 
Academy, Tokyo, from which he was 
graduated with honors in 1910 : he 
returned to China in 1911 during the 
Revolution and due to having joined 
the Tungmenhui while in Japan, he 
was sent to Shanghai as intelligence 
officer by the Peking General Staff and 
joined General Chen Chi-mei as chief 
staff officer when the latter declared 
independence ; he subsequently held the 
positions of chief superintendent of 
military transportation, chief staff 
officer to the Civil Governor of Kiangsu, 
commander of 23rd Division ; in the 
Second Revolution of 1913 (against 
Yuan Shih-kai), he was staff officer at 
Shanghai ; he was forced to flee from 
China when Yuan Shih-kai's troops 
were victorious and went to Japan ; 
he went to America in 1914 and to 
Singapore in 1915 ; he returned to 
Peking upon the death of Yuan Shih- 
kai in 1916 and became representative 
of the Governor of Chekiang in Peking ; 
he retired in* Tientsin from 1917-20 
and spent his time writing two books 
in Chinese : ''Lessons from the 
European War and the Future of China" 
and "The World after the War" ; 
from 1920-21, he collaborated with 
ex-President Hsu Shih-chang in writing 
"China's Finance and Education after 
the European War" ; at the same time 
he was director of the Government 
Economic Investigation Bureau ; he 
toured Europe and America in 1921 
and was adviser to the Chinese 



Commission, but declined both; lived 
in retirement at Mokanshan, a summer 
resort near Hangchow, and did research 
work in philosophy ; in the spring of 
1982, when the national crisis was acute, 
he organised the New China Reconstruc- 
tion Society at Shanghai, the object of 
which is to hasten national 
and which published a magazine 
"Recovery" ; when the Japanese army 
invaded Peiping and Tientsin in 1983, 
he was appointed Chairman of the 
Peiping Political Council under the 
Executive Yuan ; following bis assump- 
tion of office, he assisted the Peiping 
and Tientsin local authorities in 
negotiating with the responsible 
Japanese military authorities for the 
conclusion of a truce, whereby the 
Japanese withdrew from the Peiping- 
Tientsin area; in December 1934, be 
was appointed concurrently Minister of 
Interior of the National Government at 
Nanking ; owing to ill-health, he resign- 
ed from the later post ; he has been 
living in retirement at Mokanshan since 
1934. 



School, after which he went to America dc]efiration at the Washington Confer 
and attended Harvard University from I before the conference he wrote 

which he was graduated with honors ] fli- j^,, , trrUa T „ if, •.♦«„„ ~* ♦»,» 
in 1911 : after graduation he returned 
to Honolulu to work ; he went to Peking 
in 1922 and entered government service; 
appointed to the Salt Gabelle in 1913 
and assigned to the accounting depart- 
ment : while in Peking he was a director 
of the Y.M.C.A. ; he returned to Honolulu 
in 1916 and organized the Chinese 
American Bank which catered to 
overseas Chinese ; he returned to China 
in 1920 for a visit : no information 
has been received in recent years. 




HUANG FU, Government official; 
born at Hangchow, Chekiang in 1883 ; 
received his early education in his 
native province, and later he studied 
at the Provincial Military School of 
Chekiang ; he then went to Japan and 



the book "The Initiation of the 
Washington Conference and its 
Tendencies" ; he returned to China in 
1922 and was made a Chiangchun 
(member of the College of Marshals) 
with the title of Chu-Wei ; special 
deputy to prepare for the organization 
of a financial committee to straighten 
out the finances of the country, 1922 ; 
acting Minister of Foreign Affairs, 
1923 ; president of the Diplomatic 
Commission 1928 ; acting Minister of 
Education, 1923-24; acting Premier, 
1924; delegate to the Customs Con- 
ference, 1925 ; Mayor of Greater 
Shanghai, 1927 ; Minister of Foreign 



Harvey F. D. Huang (Huang Fu-tlng) 

HARVEY F. D. HUANG, Christian 
pastor; born at Hankow, Hupeh in 
1888 ; after receiving his early education 
in the Hankow schools he went to 
Boone University, Wuchang and re- 
ceived his A.B. degree in 1911 ; rector 
of St. John's Church, Hankow, 1911-21 : 
went to America and took graduate 
courses in the General and Union 
Theological Seminaries. New York City 
and received his M.A. and S.T.B. 
degress ; in the meantime he was curate 
at Grace Church, New York City: 
he took graduate work at Cambridge 
(Mass.) Theological School. Harvard 
Divinity School and Harvard School 
of Education and received his B.D. 
degree; returned to China in 1928 and 
became rector of St. Paul's Cathedral. 
Hankow: examining chaplain to the 
Bishop of Hankow. 1923 to the present; 
he is also secretary of the Diocesan 
Standing Committee : chairman of the 
Diocesan Board of Finance : member. 
Diocesan Council ; member. Five-year 
Movement Committee: member, standing 
committee. Chung Hwa Shen Kung Hui ; 
board member. Central China College : 
member, standing committee. National 
Y.M.C.A. : principal. St. Louis Girls' 
High School; principal, St. Phoebe's 
School for the Training of Bible 



Affairs in the Nanking Government, j Women : recived an honorary D.D. 
1927-28 ; appointed member of Chekiang degree from the University of South 
Provincial Government. 1929. and Vice- j Tennessee. 1929; address: St. Paul's 
Chairman of the Huai River Conservancy 'Cathedral. Hankow. 



112 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Han-liang Huang (Huang Han-liang) 

$*# 

HAN-LIANG HUANG, retired Gov- 
ernment official; born at Amoy, Fukien, 
1899 ; attended the first class of 
Tsinghua College, Peking, 1911 ; studied 
in the University of Michigan and 
Princeton University, receiving from 
the. latter Litt.B. degree in 1915, after 
which he studied economics in Columbia 
University, 1915-18, reciving M.A. and 
Ph.D. degrees in 1916 and 1918 
respectively ; entered banking business 
in Shanghai and Manila after his 
graduation ; appointed manager of the 
Ho Hong Bank, Hongkong in 1923, 
which position he held for a considerable 
time ; served as director of the Chinese 
Y.M.C.A., in Shanghai and Manila and 
chairman of the South China chapter 
of the Tsinghua alumini association, 
and member of the Princeton chapter 
of the Phi Beta Kappa; vice-Minister 
of Railways, Nanking, 1930-31 ; Minister 
of Finance, 1932 ; he has been engaged 
in banking business in Shanghai since 
1932. 




Hin Wong (Huang Hslen-chao) 

St ■ s ■ * 

HIN WONG, journalist ; born in Hono- 
lulu in 1888 of Cantonese parents ; was 
graduated from Oahu College, Punahou, 
in 1907 ; studied at Columbia University 
in New York, 1910-11 ; received the 
degree of B. S. in Journalism from the 
School of Journalism, Missouri Univer- 
sity, in 1912 ; he was for several years 
an active journalist in Canton, being 



correspondent of Reuters, China Weekly 
Review and other newspapers and news 
agencies in the Far East ; he has also 
acted at various times as correspondent 
of the Associated Press of America, 
Associated Newspapers of America, 
Chicago Daily News; Malaya Tribune, 
Hongkong Daily Press, North China 
Standard and other publications and 
news associations ; represented China 
at the World Press Congress in Hawaii, 
1921 and was made a vice-president of 
the Congress ; Canton press represen- 
tative at the Washington Conference, 
1921-22; he was for many years editor- 
in-chief of the Canton Times and later 
he founded and edited the Canton Daily 
News; retired from these publications 
in 1923 due to the political unrest ; 
director of the intelligence bureau of 
the Canton military government 1917-20 ; 
in the course of his journalistic career 
South China, he had at times 
experienced serious difficulties with the 
authorities for his independence of 
views on the political situation and in 
1924, he was arrested and was one time 
ordered to be banished from Canton 
but in 1928 he was invited by the 
Sun Yat-sen College of Law to teach 
journalism, being the first journalist 
so honored in Canton ; outside the 
newspaper field, he is interested in the 
educational and social welfare activities 
in Canton ; he was one time president 
of Kwangtung College, general super- 
intendent of the Canton Government 
Homes for the Blind, Aged, and Infirm, 
and honorary inspector of prisons^ of 
the Kwangtung Bureau of Justice ; 
upon the organization of the Canton 
Municipality in 1921 he was made chief 
of the charity division of the Municipal 
Department of Education, resigning the 
latter part of the year ; he was Boy 
Scout commissioner of Kwangtung and 
honorary inspector of prisons for the 
Procuratorate-General of South China ; 
for more than four years he was 
chairman of the of the boys work 
committee of the Canton Y.M.C.A. ; 
he married Miss Chan Hon Ming of 
Canton in 1913 and has seven children ; 
he attended the first conference of 
the Institute of Pacific Relations at 
Honolulu in 1925. as member of the 
China group ; appointed professor in 
the college of arts and letters and 
lecturer in journalism and director of 
boy scouts, Chunshan University, 
Canton, 1928 ; from 1928-1929, foreign 
secretary, Kwangsi Exposition, Liuchow, 
Kwangsi and represented Kwangsi at 
the Commercial Fair, Hanoi, Indo- 
china, 1928 ; appointed professor in 
journalism, Missouri- Yenching School 
of Journalism, Yenching University, 
1929 ; Chairman, Department of 
Journalism, Yenching University, 1931- 
33 ; organised the Missouri-Yenching 
Society in China for the promotion 
of education in journalism, 1934 ; 
English Editor, Shanghai Office, Central 
News Agency, 1934-35, which post he 
recently resigned. 



SPEARS H. P. HWANG, lawyer; 
born at Chinkiang, Kiangsu in 1903 ; 
received his early education in the 
Chinkiang Higher Primary School and 
the Provincial Sixth Middle School of 
Kiangsu ; attended the University of 
Nanking, 1919 and a few years later 
came to Shanghai as a merchant and 
devoted half of his time to study in the 
Chih Tze University; appointed an 
officer in the judical department of 
the police headquarters of Shanghai- 
Woosung district, 1925 ; at same time 
he studied law in the Comparative Law 
School of China at night ; assistant 
bussiness secretary of the National 




Spears H. P. Hwanq fHrang Hslu-pai) 

Christian Council of China, 1928 ; after 
graduation from the Chih Tze Univer- 
sity and the Comparative Law School, 
he took his LL.M. Course in the later 
school ; he became a licensed lawyer in 
1929 and has since been practising in 
Shanghai and Chinkiang ; address : 24 
Park Road, Shanghai. 




Gen. Huann Hsu-chu 
^ *a *7 

GEN. HUANG HSU-CHU, Govern- 
ment official ; born at Jungyun, Kwangsi, 
1893 ; studied at Kwangsi Military 
School, 1914-16 ; was graduated from the 
Peking Military College, 1918; started 
his military career as a company 
commander and rose successively to 
the position of battalion commander, 
regimental commander, and chief staff 
officer; later he was promoted vice- 
commander of an Army, in which 
capacity he participated in a war in 
Kwangtung and was wounded in 
action ; promoted Commander of an 
Army Corps in 1930, when war 
broke out again between Kwangsi and 
Yunnan ; during the war, Nanning, 
provincial Capital of Kwangsi, was 
besieged for about three months, during 
which he was charged with the duty 
of defending the city and finally 
succeeded in repulsing the attackers ; 
elected Chairman of the Provincial 
Government of Kwangsi, March 1931 
and confirmed in the post July of the 
same year, when the Provincial Govern- 
ment resumed functioning ; he then 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



113 



resigned his military post and devoted 
himself to the civil administration of 
Kwangsi ; he is well-known as an able 
administrator in China ; address : 
Kwangsi Provincial Government Nan- 
ning, Kwangsi. 




Wee 3wee-teow (Huang Jui-tsao) 
£ * 4H 

WEE SWEE-TEOW, legal practi- 
tioner; born in Singapore, March 26, 
1880; studied law at Raffles Institution, 
Singapore, ; Barrister-at-Law, Gray's 
Inn ; member of the Executive and 
Legislative Councils, Straits Settle- 
ments ; Justice of the Peace, Singapore ; 
member of the Chinese Advisory Board 
and of the Council of King Edward 
VII College of Medicine, Singapore; 
ex-President and member of Committee 
of the Straits Chinese British Associa- 
tion, Singapore; now, Advocate and 
Solicitor, Straits Settlements ; addresses : 
7a Change Alley and 37 Stevens Road, 
Singapore, Straits Settlements. 




acted as Superintendent of Customs at 
Hankow ; at the same time he was 
director of Commercial and Military 
Affairs of Hupeh and director-general 
of the Tung Cheng Railway ; he held 
these posts until 1918 ; in 1914 he was 
appointed Grand Master of Ceremonies 
of the President's Office to succeed 
Alfred Sze;. he served under five 
Presidents, namely, Yuan Shih-kai, Li 
Yuan-hung, Feng Kno-chang, Hsu 
Shih-chang and Tsao Kun. 




Gen. Huang Mu-sung 



** 



Huang K'al-wen 

HUANG K'AI-WEN, retired Govern- 
ment official ; born at Chiao Ling 
Hsien, Kwangtung in 1865 ; was 
graduated from the Peking Telegraph 
College; manager of telegraphs 
administration for many years in 
different provinces ; industrial Taotai 
of Fengtien Province, in 1907; 
managing director of the Tsao Ching 
Railway, 1910-11, when he became 
Taotai of Han Huang Teh Circuit 
of Hupeh Province and concurrently 



GEN. HUANG MU-SUNG, Govern- 
ment official ; born in Kwangtung, 1885 ; 
graduate of the Peking Military College ; 
Commander of 3rd Division ; Vice- 
Commander of Army Officers' Corps 
of the Nationalist Revolutionary Army ; 
President of the Military College, 
Peking ; Chinese delegate plenipoten- 
tiary to the World Disarmament 
Conference at Geneva ; Vice-Chief 
of General Staff of the National 
Government ; reserve member of the 
Central Executive Committee ; Govern- 
ment's Pacification Commissioner to 
Sinkiang ; Government Special Com- 
missioner to Tibet ; now Chairman of 
the Mongolian and Tibetan Affairs 
Commission ; address : Mongolian and 
Tibetan Affairs Commission, Nanking. 




William P. H. Hwang (Huang Pao-kuan) 

WILLIAM P. H. HWANG, Govern- 
ment official; born at Hsiangshan 



(now Chungshan), Kwangtung, 1897; 
was graduated from the Nanking 
Government Teachers' College (now 
National Central University) 1920; 
while studying at Nanking, he was 
very active, being one of the organizers 
and elected first president of the 
Nanking Students' Union during the 
Students' Movement of 1919 ; served as 
an expert at the Kwangtung Provincial 
Agricultural and Forestry Experiment 
Station 1920-21 ; went to America for 
advanced education, 1921, and graduated 
from the North Carolina State College 
of Agriculture and Engineering in 1922 
with the degree of M. S. in Agriculture ; 
M. A. in Education, Columbia Univer- 
sity 1924 ; pursued further studies in 
education, agriculture, economics and 
sociology at the Ohio State University, 
the Library of Congress, the U.S. 
Department of Agriculture and the 
N. C. State College, 1924-27; acting 
editor-in-chief of the Young China 
Morning Post, a powerful revolutionary 
paper in San Francisco established by 
Dr. Sun Yat-sen, and concurrently 
principal of the Young Woo School in 
S. F., 1927-28 ; returned to China in the 
autumn of 1928 and was immediately 
appointed senior compiler (Pien Hsiu) 
of the Legislative Yuan which position 
he still holds ; in 1930, in addition to 
his duty in the Legislative Yuan, he 
also served at times as professor and 
later dean of the National Central 
University and concurrently member of 
the Planning Committee and Conference 
of Agricultural Finance of the Ministry 
of Agriculture of Mining ; address : 
Bureau of Compilation, Legislative 
Yuan, Nanking. 




Huang Pe-tsiau (Huang Pel-chiao) 

^ 46 & 
HUANG PE-TSIAU, railway official ; 
born at Taitsang, Kiangsu, 1889; was 
graduated from the first class of 
the Tung Chi University, Shanghai, 
specializing in mechanical engineering ; 
upon graduation, he was engaged 
as an instructor of the Mechanical 
Engineering School attached to the 
University ; worked in the editorial 
department of the Commercial Press, 
Shanghai, heading the sub-German 
department, 1917 and later in the 
same year served as instructor at the 
Ningpo Senior Technical Middle School 
and concurrently superintendent of the 
Ningpo Machine Factory ; taught in 
the Shanghai Chung Hwa Vocational 
School, 1918-20; toured in Europe, 1920 
and studied at the Institute of Tech- 
nology, Berlin, specializing in industrial 
management ; upon completion of the 



114 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



course, he joined the editing committee 
of the German Engineers' Association 
in Berlin (V.D.I.) ; returned to China_ in 
1922 and successively held the following 
posts: director of the Shanghai Chung 
Hwa Iron Works, principal of the 
Shanghai Chung Hwa Vocational School, 
head of the educational section of 
the National Association of Vocational 
Education of China, Shanghai and expert 
member of the Kiangsu Educational 
and Industrial Union. — 1922-24 ; joined 
the Ministry of Communications of the 
former Peking Government as chief 
of the general affairs division of the 
Railway Department, 1924 and con- 
currently served as senior counsellor 
to the Ministry ; chief of the general 
department of the Kaifeng-Loyang 
Railway Administration at Chengchow, 
Honan, 1925 ; appointed Commissioner 
of the Public Works Bureau of Hankow 
City Government, 1926 ; supervisor of 
the Shanghai Telegraph Training 
School, 1927 and for a short period. 
Commissioner of Public Works Bureau of 
Hangchow City Government ; appointed 
Commissioner of Public Utilities Bureau 
of the City Government of Greater 
Shanghai, June, 1927 and remained in 
his Shanghai post up to 1931 ; for a 
time in 1929, he acted concurrently 
as Chief Secretary of the Shanghai 
City Government; appointed delegate 
of China to attend the World Second 
Power Conference held at Berlin in 
Germany, 1930 and made a trip around 
the world, investigating municipal 
administration of the principal cities 
in Europe, America and Japan ; now 
Managing Director of Shanghai-Nan- 
king and Shanghai-Hangchow-Ningpo 
Railways ; toured Europe and America 
1934-35 to study railway administra- 
tion and returned to China, June, 
1935 ; author of the Sino-German 
Dictionary and the Graphic Description 
of Mechanical Art (the latter in 
three languages Chinese, German and 
English) ; address: Shanghai-Nanking 
Railway Administration. Embankment 
Building, 370 North Szechuen Road, 
Shanghai. 




Gen. Huang Shao-hsiung 

^ is * m 4 x 

GEN. HUANG SHAO - HSIUNG, 
Government official ; born at Yung- 
Hsien, Kwangsi, 1895 ; was graduated 
from the Paotingfu Military College. 
1916 ; following graduation, was assigned 
to Kwangsi for military service and 
served successively as squad commander, 
battalion commander, regimental com- 
mander and brigade commander in 
Kwangsi Army ; appointed by the late 
Dr. Sun Yat-sen as Commander-in-Chief 



of the Anti-Rebel Army in Kwangsi, 
1923 ; was shortly transferred to the 
post of Associate Director of the 
Pacification Bureau of Kwangsi to wind 
up military affairs in the province ; 
after the unification of the province 
in 1925, was appointed Commissioner 
for Civil Affairs and concurrently 
Associate Director of the Pacification 
Bureau of the Province ; elected 
a reserve member of the Central 
Supervisory Committee of Kuomintang, 
1926 ; Chairman of Kwangsi Provincial 
Government and concurrently party 
representative of the 7th Nationalist 
Army ; State Councilor of the National 
Government ; member of the Military 
Council ; member of the Canton Division 
of the Central Political Council ; 
Field-Commander of the Communist 
Suppression Forces ; Commander of the 
15th Nationalist Army ; Minister of 
Interior, 1932-35 ; Chairman of the 
Chekiang Provincial Government and 
concurrently Commissioner of Civil 
Affairs, since 1935 ; address : Chekiang 
Provincial Government, Hangchow. 




Huang Shih-heng 
$ *& 

HUANG SHIH-HENG, Government 
official ; born at Chengchow, Hunan, 
1890 ; received his advanced education in 
America and was graduated from the 
University of Iowa in 1917 with B.A. 
degree and from Columbia University 
in 1918 with M. A. degree ; president of 
Changsha Commercial College, Hunan, 
1925 ; Industrial Commissioner for Chang- 
sha and concurrently Dean of Hunan 
University, 1926 ; Commissioner of 
Education of Hunan Provincial Govern- 
ment, 1927-29 ; member of the Hunan 
Provincial Government since 1932 ; 
address : Hunan Provincial Government, 
Changsha, Hunan. 



WONG SHU-MIN, factory manager ; 
born at Chinshan, Chekiang, 1890 ; 
joined the staff of Gen. Huang Hsing 
during 1911 Revolution and fought 
in several battles against the Manchu 
Imperial troops near Hankow and 
Hanyang ; resigned from military service 
after the overthrow of the Manchus 
and became business manager of the 
Chung Hwa Min Poo, a Kuomintang 
daily at Shanghai which was closed by 
Yuan Shih-kai in 1914; went to U.S.A. 
in 1913 and entered Park College, 
Parkville, Mo., where he studied English 
literature; later entered Alabama 
Polytechnic Institute where he studied 
agriculture and then Columbia U. for 
business organization and administra- 




Wong Shu-min (Huang Shou-min) 

*** 

tion ; won several scholarships and 
prizes in oratory and in 1915 was 
awarded the Tsing Hua scholarship ; 
elected to F.K.F. Hon. fraternity 1916 ; 
returned to China in 1917 following 
graduation from Alabama Polytechnic 
Institute and became secretary to C. C. 
Nieh, cotton mill owner and. ex-chairman 
of the Chinese Chamber of Commerce ; 
managed a Nieh cotton mill 1918 ; 
became associate general manager of 
the Hua Feng Cotton Spinning and 
Weaving Co. 1921 and at the same 
time organized the million dollar 
corporation of Tai Shan Brick and 
Tile Co. of which he became a director 
and general manager which position 
he still holds ; elected a member of 
the executive committee of the Chinese 
General Chamber of Commerce, Shang- 
hai for 1927-29 ; address : Tai Shan 
Brick and Tile Co., Ltd., 223 Nanking 
Road, Shanghai. 



Y. C. Whang (Huang Tsan-hsi) 

3t % & $ m % 

Y. C. WHANG (HUANG TSAN- 
HSI), railway official. 
(See Page 192, 4th Edition). 



TSEFANG F. HUANG, health 
official ; born at Amoy, Fukien, July 
4, 1899 ; was graduated from the 
Provincial Middle School, Amoy, 1915 ; 
attended Hongkong University Medical 
School, 1917-19 ; University of Chicago, 
Rush Medical College, 1919-23 (with 
S.B., S.M., and M.D. degrees) ; 
postgraduate student of Johns Hopkins 
University Medical School and Research 
Assistant in the Department of Bacter- 
iology and Immunology at Harvard 
University Medical School, 1923-24 ; 
Fellow of Rockefeller Foundation, 
1923-24 ; technical expert and depart- 
mental chief of the National Epidemic 
Prevention Bureau, 1924-1927 ; depart- 
mental chief of the Peking Public 
Health Station, 1925-27 ; Commissioner 
of Health of the National Capital 
(Wuhan, 1927) ; Honorary Lecturer in 
Public Health at the Peking Union 
Medical College and at the Yenching 
University, 1927-29 ; Commissioner of 
Health of Peiping, 1923-29; Councillor 
of the Ministry of Health and member 
of the National Board of Health and 
the National Labor Health Commission, 
1929-30 ; Medical Officer of the League 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



115 




movement in the South; principal of 
the 13th Provincial Middle School, 
Fukien, 1926-27 ; commissioner of 
education of Fukien Provincial Govern- 
ment 1927 ; he was also connected with 
Amoy University in 1921 as one of the 
organizers of the University. 



Tsefang F. Huang (Huang Tse-fang) 

of Nations Health Organization, 1930- 
33 ; author of "Variations in Typhoid 
Bacilli," "Rat-Flea Survey in Peiping" 
"Health Organization in China" ; now 
Medical Adviser of "the Ministry of 
RaDways and Chief Medical Officer of 
the Nanking-Shanghai and Shanghai- 
Hangchow-Ningpo Railways Administra- 
tion ; President of the Shanghai Public 
Health Club and Chairman of the 
Public Health Committee of the National 
Medical Association ; member of various 
Chinese and foreign scientific societies ; 
address: c/o Ministry of Railways, 
Nanking. 





Assembly; in December, 1921 he was 
appointed Minister of Education but 
did not accept the appointment ; he was 
re-appointed to this post in June, 1922 
in Dr. W. W. Yen's Cabinet, but again 
declined ; in January, 1923 he was 
appointed a member of the Educational 
Sinking Fund Commission ; he was 
given the honorary degree of Doctor of 
Philosophy by St. Johns University, 
Shanghai ; he is now engaged in voca- 
tional educational work in Shanghai and 
serves concurrently as Chief Secretary 
of the Shanghai Civic Association ; 
address: The National Association of 
Vocational Education of China, 80 Route 
Vallon, Shanghai. 





Huang Wan 

ft * * JL k 

HUANG WAN, ex-commissioner of 
education for Fukien ; born in Fukien, 
1885 ; studied law at the law school of 
Peiyang University, Tientsin, and was 
graduated in 1915 with LL.B. degree; 
admitted to the bar in 1916 ; served in 
the Ministry of Navy, 1916-17 ; headed 
the Fukien educational delegation to 
Formosa, 1917 ; visited Europe as a 
member of the Fellowship Group led 
by Dr. Sherwood Eddy in 1922 to 
study post-war economic and political 
conditions in Europe ; studied at 
Columbia University, U.S.A. 1922-24 
and at the London School of Economics 
and Political Science, England, 1924-25; 
toured Europe and South S,ea Islands, 
studying sodial and educational condi- 
tions, 1926; after his return to China, 
he was active in the revolutionary 



Yen-pel Huang (Huang Yen-pel) 
ft A • * ^ «■ Z. 

YEN-PEI HUANG, educator; born 
at Shanghai in 1879 ; although brought 
up in a parentless environment, his 
early literary struggles gained for him 
the scholarly degree of Chu-Jen in 1902, 
which _ was considered a high honor ; 
in addition, he absorbed many Western 
ideas of education and these he 
has kept up to the present time ; 
when 25 years old, he and some 
of his friends organized a Society of 
Learning, the work of which was to 
spread new ideas and to stimulate 
sympathy for universal education ; but 
in 1903 revolutionary movements were 
already fermenting, and the Empress 
Dowager had sent mandates throughout 
the country for the suppression of all 
revolutionary ideas and movements ; 
when he and his friends came to a town 
in Pootung t5 lecture, he was arrested 
through the treachery of a relative of his 
and imprisoned by the town magistrate 
on a charge of revolutionary actions 
against the Empress ; the town magist- 
rate being eager to gain favor of 
the Empress in order to be promoted, 
exaggerated the case before the Manchu 
Court and an order was issued for the 
instant execution of the prisoners ; an 
American Missionary named William 
Burke came to their rescue and the 
magistrate, fearing the interference of 
foreigners, released all the prisoners ; 
after this he became more confirmed 
than ever in devoting himself to the 
work of education ; the following are 
some of the more important posts he 
has held; during the First Revolution, 
1911-12, he was chief of the educational 
bureau under the Tutu of Kiangsu ; in 
1914 he resigned from this post to make 
a special trip to investigate educational 
conditions in the Yangtsze provinces ; 
while travelling he acted as special 
correspondent of the Shun Pao, 
Shanghai ; in 1915 he went to America 
to study industrial conditions in the 
capacity of secretary to the Chinese 
Industrial Mission ; after the death of 
Yuan Shih-kai in June, 1916, he wrote 
an article called "Nine Lessons" which 
acquired for him a national fame ; for 
many years he has been vice-chairman 
of the Kiangsu Provincial Education 
Association, Chairman of the China 
Vocational Education Association, and 
a member of the Kiangsu Provincial 




Yuen-su Wong (Huang Yun-su) 



&£ ft 



YUEN-SU WONG, Chinese Minister 
to Mexico ; born at Toyshan district, 
Kwangtung ; received his early education 
in the United States ; while in 
America, he organised with some 
friends the Youth Society which was 
later reorganized into the American 
branch of the Tungmenghui (predecessor 
of the Kuomintang) ; then he founded 
the Young China Morning Post, at San 
Francisco, California for the purpose 
of arousing patriotic sentiment among 
the Chinese in America ; he accom- 
panied the late Dr. Sun Yat - sen 
in his visits to various cities in the 
United States to solicit funds for the 
revolution in China and later played 
an important role in the Revolution of 
1911 which resulted in the overthrow 
of the Manchu Regime ; upon his return 
to China with Dr. Sun, he was 
appointed Pacification Commissioner 'to 
Kwangtung after establishment of the 
Republic ; then he was sent to the 
United States to pursue advanced 
studies in political science and economics 
at Washington and Columbia Univer- 
sities and obtained B.A. and M.A. 
degrees ; when he returned to China, 
he was appointed secretary to the 
Generalissimo of the Southwest Military 
Government ; later he served as finance 
commissioner of Canton ; Councilor of 
the Nationalist Government at Canton ; 
secretary to the National Government 
in Nanking ; member of the planning 
Committee of the Ministry of Finance 
of the National Government, Nanking ; 
Consul-General in Honolulu and later 
transferred as Consul-General in San 
Franscisco, U.S.A. ; on his return to 
China from his last mentioned post, 
he made an extensive tour in the United 
States and Europe to study political 
and economic conditions ; now Chinese 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Mexico ; 
address : Chinese Legation, Mexico City, 
Mexico. 



116 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Yu-ping Y. K. Wong (Huang Yu-ping) 

YU-PING Y. K. WONG, lawyer; 
born at Canton, Kwangtung in 1891 ; 
received his early education in Shanghai 
and later studied law at Meiji 
University, Tokyo, Japan, from which 
he received his LL.B. degree; from 
Japan he went to America and studied 
law at La Salle University, Chicago 
and received his LL.B. degree ; he then 
took a post-graduate course at Hamilton 
College of Law, Chicago and received 
his D.C.L. degree ; after returning to 
Shanghai he joined the firm of Jernigan 
and Fessenden (now Fessenden and 
Holcomb), with whom he was connected 
for 10 years ; following the rendition 
of the Mixed Court and the enforcement 
of new rules restricting foreign lawyers 
from practising in Chinese courts he 
established his own law office in 
Shanghai ; member of the Shanghai 
Bar Association and Soochow Bar 
Association as well as many other 
bodies ; address : 110 Yu Yuen Road, 
Shanghai. 



China ; again went to America to 
study at Baker University, Baldwin, 
Kansas from which he received his 
A.B. degree in 1903 ; did post-graduate 
work in philosophy, history, sociology 
and political science at Drew Seminary 
and Columbia University, 1903-06 ; 2nd 
secretary to the Chinese Legation to 
the Court of St. James, 1906 ; Consul 
to New Zealand in 1903-10; Consul- 
General to Australia, 1910 ; assistant 
secretary of the Waichiaopu, 1914-16 ; 
special commissioner of foreign affairs 
for Chihli in November, 1916 ; served 
as chief of the bureau for administration 
of enemy subjects and property, 
1919-20 ; Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to the Republic 
of Austria in 1920 and as such 
negotiated and concluded the Sino- 
Austrian Treaty of Commerce — the first 
treaty of equality and reciprocity China 
ever concluded with a European power 
— which was ratified by the two 
Governments on June 15, 1926 ; Chinese 
Delegate to the Assembly of the League 
of Nations at Geneva, 1922 ; resigned 
and returned to China in 1927 ; 
principal of the Anglo-Chinese College 
at Tientsin, 1929-32. 




Hwang Yung-llang (Huang Yung-llano) 

HWANG YUNG-LIANG, Govern- 
ment official ; born at Wo-wei, Anhui 
in 1876 ; A.B. from the University 
of Nanking, 1896 ; professor and 
dean at the game institution, 1897-99 ; 
represented the national committee 
Y.M.C.A. of China at the International 
Conference at Paris, 1900 ; toured 
America and Europe before return to 




such as Technical Expert to the Com- 
mission, Head of the Design Division 
of the Conservancy Department, Head 
of Harbor and Water Power Division 
of the Conservancy Department, and 
Co-Director of the Great Eastern Port 
Development Board; in the spring of 
1933 he was temporarily transferred to 
help the Anhui Construction Commission 
and rendered great assistance to the 
Commission ; when Chang Ching-kiang 
sponsored the Wuhu-Chapu Railroad 
Project in the latter part of 1933, he 
was appointed Assistant Chief Engineer 
for the Railway and in the same year, 
was appointed Chief Engineer in sole 
charge of the design and construction 
of the new railway ; address : c/o Na- 
tional Reconstruction Commission, Nan- 
king. 



David Shen Hung (Hung Sheng) 

*. 4 * t . * 

DAVID SHEN HUNG, C.E., born 
in Foochow in 1899 ; after his graduation 
from Tsing Hua College, Peking, in 
1920, he went to the United States and 
entered Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 
Troy, New York, to study civil engineer- 
ing, graduating from the Institute in 
1924 and awarded the degree, C.E. (civil 
engineer) ; both in and after college, he 
identified himself with many leading 
firms such as the New York Central 
Railroad, New York ; Waddell & Son, 
Consulting Engineers, New York ; Acme 
Corporation, New York ; Bethlehem Steel 
Company, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania ; J. 
Harold Rapp & Company, Pittsburgh, 
Pennsylvania ; for the last-named firm, 
he started their New York Branch 
Office at Seventh Avenue and Broadway 
and ran the new office in the capacity 
of acting chief engineer ; he returned 
to China at the end of 1926, and started 
his career as a civil engineer ; from 1927 
to 1928 he served as Technical Expert 
to the Fukien Construction Commission 
and concurrently Director of the Fukien 
Provincial Conservancy Works, in the 
latter capacity he was responsible for 
$1,000,000 reclamation project on the 
Ming River near Foochow; in 1929 he 
was transferred to the - National Con- 
struction Commission, Nanking and 
served until 1982 in various capacities 




Hung Wei-kuo 

m m m $ «t & 

HUNG WEI-KUO, salt official ; born 
at Yee-hsien, Liaoning, 1895 ; graduate 
of the law department of the National 
Institute of China at Woosung, 
Shanghai, 1916 ; joined the Mukden 
Government as chief of the military 
tribunal, 1919 ; general secretary to 
the Tutung of Charhar, 1920; director 
of the administrative affairs department 
of the Government of Charhar, 1921 ; 
chief secretary to the Tutung of Jehol, 
1924 ; director of the bureau of industry, 
Jehol, 1920 ; counsellor to the Ministry 
of War, Peking, 1926 ; director of 
mines of the board of industry, 
1927 ; superintendent of customs at 
Sharihaikwan; 1928; Chang Lu salt 
commissioner, Tientsin, Hopei, since 
1930. 



WILLIAM HUNG, university pro- 
fessor; born at Foochow, 1893; was 
graduated from the Anglo-Chinese 
College, Foochow, 1915; Ohio Wesleyan 
University, U.S.A., and awarded the 
Taylor fellowship, 1917 ; Columbia 
University, 1919 ; Union Theological 
Seminary in New York, and awarded 
a resident fellowship, 1920 ; Degrees : 
B.A., Ohio Wesleyan; M.A., Columbia; 
B.D., Union Theological Seminary: 
D.D., Ohio Wesleyan ; Chinese secretary, 
Intercollegiate Y.M.C.A., New York, 
1917-19 ; Chinese secretary, Board of 
Foreign Missions of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, 1921-22; lecturer 
with the American Platform Service 
and the Community Chatauquas Inc.. 
1920-22; Horizon lecturer at De Pauw 
University, 1922, and again, 1929 ; 
appointed assistant professor of history 
in the College of Arts and Sciences, 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



117 




William Hung (Hung Yeh) 

*.*£*$ 

and of the history of Christianity 
in the School of Religion, Yenching 
University, Peking, 1922 ; promoted 
associate professor in both, 1923 ; 
served concurrently as dean of the 
College of Arts and Sciences, 1924-27 ; 
Chinese delegate to the conference of the 
Institute of Pacific Relations, Honolulu, 
1927 ; Lecturer in history, Harvard 
University, U.S.A., 1928-30; since 1930, 
professor of history in the College of 
Arts and Letters and concurrently, pro- 
fessor of the history of Christianity in 
the School of Religion, Yenching Univer- 
sity; concurrently, editor-in-chief of the 
Harvard- Yenching Institute Sinological 
Index Series ; member of Phi Beta 
Kappa, Phi Alpha Theta, Phf Tau 
Phi, American Historical Association, 
American Geographical Society, Chinese 
Social and Political Science Association, 
Chinese Library Association, Western 
Returned Students' Club, Peiping Rotary 
Club, etc. ; address : 54 Yen Nan Yuan, 
Yenching University, Peiping. 




Ang Jan Goan (Hung Yuen-yuan) 

* jfl 91 

ANG JAN-GOAN, overseas Chinese 
educator and welfare worker ; native 
of Nan-An district, Fukien ; born in 
Java, Dutch East Indies ; received his 
early education in China and attended 
the Chinan Institute (now Chinan 
University), 1909-11; returned to Java 
in 1912 shortly after the First 
Revolution and has since been engaged 
in educational work among the overseas 



Chinese community in D.E.I. ; appointed 
an editor of the Sin Pao at Batavia, 
1920 and made managing-director of 
the paper since 1922 which position 
he now retains (Sin Pao is a daily 
news-paper in Batavia which prints 
two editions in the Chinese and Malay 
languages respectively) ; concurrently 
he holds also the positions as dean of 
the Chung Hua School established by 
the Chinese Guild in Batavia, vice- 
principal of the Chung Hua School for 
Girls, vice-president of Chinese Red 
Cross Society in Batavia, director of 
the Chinese Chamber of Commerce, of 
the Fukien Guild and various other 
overseas Chinese organizations ; address : 
Sin Pao, Asemka 30, Bavatia (Java) 
and residential address: No. 37, Gang 
Chanlan, Batavia. 




I Pei-chi 

$} *& £- 
I PEH-CHI, retired Government 
official ; born at Changsha, Hunan in 
1880 ; was graduated from the Hupeh 
College of Languages and made a 
member of the faculty of the Higher 
Normal School and the Technical 
Institute of Hunan in 1913 ; appointed 
president of the First Normal School 
of Hunan in 1919 and acted concurrently 
as chairman of the Provincial 
Commission of Education ; appointed 
chief secretary to the Civil Governor 
of Hunan in 1920 and at the same time 
acted as president of the Provincial 
Library of Hunan ; professor at 
Kwangtung University in 1922 ; held 
a chair at the National University, 
Peking in 1923 and the same year 
was appointed Minister of Education ; 
was made president of the Teachers' 
College for Girls and a member of 
the Sino-French Committee on Boxer 
Indemnity in 1924 ; appointed president 
of the National Labor University and 
a member of the Bureau of Agriculture 
of the Central Party Headquarters in 
1927 ; when the Ministry of Agriculture 
and Mining was created in 1928 he 
became Minister and at the same 
time was a member of the Political 
Council of the Central Executive 
Committee, a member of the Diplomatic 
Committee, a member of the Recon- 
struction Committee and a member of 
the University Council of the National 
Government ; after the abolition of the 
Ministry of Agriculture and Mining at 



the 4th Plenary Session of the Central 
Executive Committee, he was appointed 
president of Peiping High Normal 
University, Peiping; appointed Director 
of the Palace Museum in Peiping, 1931, 
but was forced to resign in 1932 on the 
charge of misappropriation of the 
palace treasures ; was impeached by the 
Control Yuan and proscribed by the 
National Government on the charge; 
he is reported to be living in retirement 
in Dairen. 



I Tsung-kuei 

h % £ ^ % m 

I TSUNG-KUEI, Official. 
(See Page 197, 4th Edition). 




Loe Men-len (Jao Meng-Jen) 
H i. & % to -& 

LOE MEN-LEN, lawyer and retired 
Government official; born at Nanchang, 
Kiangsi, 1882 ; a Hanlin Compiler ; was 
sent by the China Government first 
to Japan and the'n to England, where 
he was graduated from London Uni- 
versity with A.B. degree and was 
admitted to the bar at Lincoln's- Inn in 
1908 ; before returning to China, to 
served as 3rd class counsellor to the 
Chinese Legation in London ; upon his 
return to China, he was appointed 2nd 
class secretary and soon senior secretary 
to the Board of War ; transferred to the 
law department of the Imperial Chan- 
cery, first as a sectional chief and later 
as a counsellor; in 1911, he was elected 
a senator of the Nanking Provisional 
Assembly ; during Yuan Shih-kai's re- 
gime, he held the following positions : 
secretary to the President, counsellor to 
the law compilation bureau, assistant 
examiner of the magistrates examination 
and legal counsellor to the President ; 
legal practitioner in Peiping since 1918. 



JEN KIA FONG, consular official; 
born at Ihsing, Kiangsu ; was graduated 
from the National Peking University ; 
passed the examinations for diplomatic 
service with honors after which he 
was appointed a secretary in the 
House of Representatives ; later he 
was teacher in the Foreign Language 
School, Peking ; chief secretary of the 
| Ning-Chin Railway ; attache of the 
Chinese Legation in Paris ; attache of 
the Chinese Legation in Tokyo; vice- 
Consul at Kobe, Japan ; at present 
Chinese Consul at Osaka ; author of "A 



118 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Jen Kia Fong (Jen Chia-fong) 
4*& f 

History of Chinese-Russian Diplomacy" ; 
address: Chinese Consulate, Osaka, 
Japan. 




in 1919 ; the 2nd order Wenhu decora- 
tion for services rendered in connection 
with the participation in the World 
War in 1920 ; and 2nd order Chiaho 
decoration, 1922. 



C. P. Yin (Jen Chuan-pang) 

& # # ^ & m 

C. P. YIN, retired railway direc- 
tor: born at Wukiang, Kiangsu, 1878; 
after receiving his Chinese education at 
home, he went to Japan where he stud- 
ied at a commercial school, graduating 
in 1906: went to America in 1906 and 
there studied railway administration at 
Illinois University and received his 
A.B. degree in 1911; returning to 
China in December, 1911, he was ap- 
pointed adviser on foreign affairs to 
the late ^ Gen. Lan Tien-wei, a Kuo- 
mintang military leader, 1912 ; member 
of the commission on the unification of 
railway accounts and statistics of the 
Ministry of Communications, 1913 ; 
technical expert to the same Ministry, 
1914 ; acting secretary to the same 
Ministry, 1915 ; managing-director of 
the Peking-Suiyuan Railway, 1916-17 ; 
managing-director of the Shanghai- 
Nanking and Shanghai-Hangchow- 
Ningpo Railways, 1917-20 ; counsellor 
to the Ministry of Communications, 
1920 ; reappointed managing-director of 
the Shanghai-Nanking and Shanghai- 
Hangchow-Ningpo Railways, 1921-25 ; 
he has been living in retirement since 
1926 ; was awarded the 3rd order 
Chiaho decoration for services rendered 
in connection with plague prevention 




Zen Hung-chiun (Jen Hung-chiun) 

*fc *| % % ^ & 

ZEN HUNG-CHIUN, educator and 
administrator ; born in Szechuen, 1886 ; 
B.A. Cornell University, 1916; M.A. 
Columbia University, 1917 ; secretary in 
the Presidential Office of the Provisional 
Government at Nanking, 1911 ; secretary 
in the Cabinet, 1911; Professor of Che- 
mistry at the National University of 
Peking. 1920 ; chief secretary and direct- 
or of the department of higher education 
in the Ministry of Education, Oct., 1921- 
22 ; president of the Science Society of 
China, 1914-23, 1933 — ; vice-president 
and professor of Southeastern Uni- 
versity, Nanking, 1923-25 ; executive 
secretary and vice-director of the 
China Foundation for the Promotion of 
Education and Culture, 1925-28 ; director 
of the same Foundation, since 1928 ; 
President of Szechuan University at 
Chengtu, since 1935 ; author of several 
books on Science and Education and 
translator of Herbert Spencer's "Essay 
on Education" ; address : Szechuan Uni- 
versity, Chengtu, or 22 Nan Chang 
Chieh, Peiping. 




education at home; sent to the U.S.A. 
by the Tsing Hua Educational Mission 
in 1914 ; received B.A. degree in Vassar 
College, 1910 ; and M.A. degree in the 
University of Chicago, 1920 ; elected to 
the honorary fraternity of Phi Beta 
Kappa while in Vassar College ; returned 
to China in 1920 and became the first 
woman professor in the Government 
University of Peking; member, Chinese 
Delegation to the Institute of Pacific 
Relations, at Honolulu 1927, at Kyoto 
1929, at Shanghai 1931, and at Banff 
1933 ; at present, she holds the following 
honorable positions ; adviser to the 
Palace Museum ; member, Board of 
Trustees of the Association for the 
Advancement of Education ; member. 
Board of Directors of Yi Fang Girls' 
School, Changsha, Hunan ; member, 
Board of Directors of the Peiping 
Institute of Fine Arts ; and Chairman, 
Chicago University Alumni Club, 
Peiping; author: "History of Western 
Countries," a work in two volumes in 
Chinese ; "Little Raindrop," a collection 
of short stories, also in Chinese ; 
"Chinese Women and Other Essays," 
a collection of short essays on cultural 
subjects, in English ; edifor, as well 
as one of the writers, "Symposium on 
Chinese Culture" a work in English; 
contributor to leading magazines and 
newspapers in Chinese; co-founder and 
associate editor of The Independent 
Weekly; address: c/o H. C. Zen, The 
China Foundation or 22 Nan Chang 
Chieh, Peiping, China. 



Sophia H. Chen (Mrs. Jen Hun-chlun) 
«: & # #r 

SOPHIA HENG-CHE CHEN, writer 
and college professor ; born in 
Changchow, Kiangsu; received Chinese 




Kan Chieh-hcu 

-a- 4h« 

KAN CHIEH-HOU, Government 
official ; born at Paoshan, Kiangsu, 
1897; graduate of Tsinghua College, 
Peking, 1920 ; was sent to the United 
States for higher education in the same 
year by the College ; attended University 
of Wisconsin, receiving his B.A. degree 
in 1922 ; postgraduate study at Harvard 
University, majoring in political science 
and diplomacy, being given M.A. degree 
in 1923 and Ph.D. degree in 1926 ; upon 
return to China in 1926, he taught in 
various universities in Shanghai ; joined 
Eugene Chen's Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs of the Wuhan Nationalist Gov- 
ernment as a secretary, 1927 ; four 
months later, he was appointed chief 
secretary of the same Ministry and upon 
departure of Eugene Chen from Wuhan, 
he became chairman of a committee of 
three in charge of the Ministry ; in Nov. 
1927, after the defeat of Tang Shen-chi, 
he was appointed by the Nanking 
Nationalist Government to the following 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



119 



positions in Hankow: member of the 
Provisional Political Council for Hupeh 
and Hunan, chief of the department of 
foreign affairs of the same Council, 
executive member of the Wuhan Finance 
Commission, Commissioner for Foreign 
Affairs for Hupeh and Superintendent 
of Customs at Hankow ; vice-Minister 
of Foreign Affairs, 1982, but soon 
resigned following the resignation of 
Eugene Chen as Minister ; Commissioner 
of Foreign Affairs for the Five 
Southwestern Provinces, 1983-34 ; Special 
Commissioner of Foreign Affairs for 
Kwangtung and Kwangsi, since 1935 ; 
address: Office of the Commissioner for 
Foreign Affairs of Kwangtung and 
Kwangsi, Canton. 




Kan Nal-kuang 
-tf *> & 

KAN NAI-KUANG, Government 
official ; born at Cheng-chi, Kwangsi, 
1896 ; graduate of School of Economics, 
Lingnan University (Canton Christian 
College), Canton, 1922; instructor at 
Lingnan University, 1922-23 ; instructor 
in political science at the Whampoa 
Military Academy and concurrently 
compiler and secretary of the Central 
Party Headquarters, Canton, 1924 ; 
elected member of the Central Executive 
Committee at the second plenary session, 
1925 ; and later served successively as 
director of merchants' department, youth 
department, and farmers' department 
of the Central Party Headquarters, 
member of the Central Political Council, 
member of Executive Committee of 
Kwangtung Provincial Party Head- 
quarters and concurrently director of 
publicity department ; appointed member 
of the Control Yuan of the Nationalist 
Government, 1926 ; between 1926 and 
1927, he served successively as member 
of Kwangtung Provincial Government, 
inspector of administrative affairs in 
Southern Kwangtung, assistant proctor 
of the National Chun-shan University 
at Canton, director of the Canton Kuo 
Min News and Canton Republican Daily 
Newt; upon the establishment of the 
National Government at Nanking in 
1927, he was appointed director of the 
farmers' department of the Central 
Party Headquarters and Commissioner 
of Agriculture and Labor of Kiangsu 
Provincial Government, but declined both 
appointments owing to preparations to 
go abroad to study ; chairman of the 
Canton Municipal Government, Dec. 
1927 ; attended the University of 
Chicago as a research fellow, 1928 
and toured Europe to study political 
conditions, 1929 ; devoted himself to 
authorship at Shanghai after return to 



China, 1929 ; re-elected member of the 
Central Executive Committee at the 
4th Plenary Session, 1931 ; appointed 
vice-Minister of Interior of the National 
Government, June, 1982 which post he 
held until 1985 ; he was concurrently 
Acting Minister of Interior Oct. 1934 
to Jan. 1985 ; now Director of the 
Political Affairs Department of the 
Wuchang Headquarters of the President 
of the Military Affairs Commission; 
author of "History of Economic 
Thought Before the Tsin Dynasty," 
"Index to Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Works" 
"Some Fundamental Problems of the 
Kuomintang ;" Commissioner of Civil 
Affairs of Chekiang Provincial Govern- 
ment, since December 1935 ; address : 
Chekiang Provincial Government, Hang- 
chow, Chekiang ; or No. 31, Lafayette 
Terrace, Rue Lafayette, Shanghai. 




Gen. Kang Chao-min 
#L fo ft 
GEN. KANG CHAO-MIN, army offi- 
cer ; native of Szechuan ; received his 
training in the army ; Commander of 
the "Pih Tung Tui" (Special Movement 
Force), a political-military organization 
in Kiangsi known as the Generalissimo's 
O.G.P.U., whose duty is to work among 
the people in the Communist areas and 
win them over to the Government ; in 
this capacity, he has done very 
creditable work and earned the title 
"Unknown Hero" among the Anti-Red 
Forces ; concurrently he is director of 
the Special Political Training Class of 
the Central Military Academy and 
director of the Special Political Training 
Department of the Communist-suppres- 
sion Forces in Szechuan ; after the 
suppression of the Communists in 
Kiangsi, he was transferred to Szechuan 
to engage in similar work. 



Or. Ida Kahn (Kang Chen) 

DR. IDA KAHN (KANG CHEN), 

women physician, Deceased. 
(See Page 201, 4th Edition). 



Kang Yu-wei (deceased) 

KANG YU-WEI, scholar and re- 
former; Deceased (1856-1928). 
(See Page 201, 4th Edition). 




Kao Chl-yl 

% && 

KAO CHI-YI, former railway direc- 
tor ; born at Liaoyang, Liaoning, 1889 ; 
attended the Military Surveying School 
of the Three Eastern Provinces, 
1909-1911 ; studied communications at 
the Communications School established 
by the Ministry of Communications and 
was graduated from the Military Officers' 
Class in 1918 ; obtained practical 
training on the Tsin-Pu Railway ; 
became a battalion commander in the 
Northeastern Army; departmental chief 
in the Headquarters of the Mongolian 
Border Development Commissioner, 
1921 ; chief aide-de-camp to Chang 
Hsiao-liang, then commander of the 3rd 
brigade of the Fengtien Army, 1922 ; 
chief aide-de-camp to the commander 
of the 27th division of the Fengtien 
Army (also Chang Hsiao-liang), 1924; 
promoted commander of the 17th 
regiment of the Fengtien Army and 
participated in the Chihli-Fengtien War 
in 1924 ; chief of the general 
affairs department of the Northeastern 
Aviation Administration 1926, and was 
soon promoted chief aide-de-camp with 
the rank of brigadier-general of the 
Headquarters of the 1st and 3rd Allied 
Army of Fengtien Forces ; commander 
of the 19th brigade of the Northeastern 
Kuominchun in 1925 under the late 
Kuo Sung-lin ; chief aide-de-camp of 
the Headquarters of the Commander-in- 
Chief of the 3rd and 4th corps of the 
Fengtien Army, 1927 ; director of police 
administration of Fengtien Province, 
1928 and concurrently director of the 
bureau of land tax of the Special 
Districts of the Three Eastern Provinces ; 
acting director of the Mukden Office 
of the Peiping - Mukden Railway 
Administration, Jan. 1929 ; after the 
reorganization of the Fengtien admini- 
stration, he was appointed member of 
the Liaoning Provincial Government 
and concurrently Commissioner of 
Public Safty for Liaoning, 1929 ; 
shortly after the inauguration of the 
Political Council of the North East, 
he was appointed concurrently vice- 
chairman of the Northeastern Com- 
munications Commission ; delegated by 
Chang Hsiao-liang to Nanking to 
discuss the administration of the 
Peiping-Liaoning Railway and upon 
unification of the Railways, he was 
appointed by Sun Fo, Minister of 
Railways, managing-director of that 
Railway, which office he assumed on 
Sept. 14, 1930 ; he concurrently served 
as member of the Liaoning Provincial 
Government and vice-chairman of the 
Northeastern Communications Commis- 
sion ; no information in recent yean. 



120 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Kao En-hung 

%&&$%.%■ 
KAO EN-HUNG, business man and 
retired Government official-; born at 
Penglai Hsien, Shantung in 1875 ; 
studied at Temple Hill College, Chefoo 
after which he went to England and 
studied at King's College, London, 
1901-07 ; attached to the Chinese Amban 
(a Chinese residental official in Tibet 
representing the suzerainty of China), 
1907-09 ; secretary to Hsu Shih-chang, 
then President of the Tientsin-Pukow 
Railway and later secretary to Tang 
Shao-yi, then Governor of Mukden, 
1909-10 ; secretary in the Ministry of 
Communications, 1910-12 ; secretary to 
the Szechuen-Hankow Railway Admin- 
istration, 1912-14 ; director of the Sze- 
chuen-Tibet Telegraph Administration, 
1914-16 ; director of the department of 
telegraph materials, Shanghai, 1916-20, 
when he was made concurrently 
counsellor to the Ministry of Communi- 
cations ; appointed Minister of Com- 
munications, 1922 and later concurrently 
Minister of Education until 1923 ; lived 
in retirement, 1923-24 ; director-general 
of the Kiaochow trading area, 1924, but 
was forced to retire when the Chihli 
forces were defeated by the Anfu- 
Fengtien faction ; he was kidnapped by 
the Chihli clique in December, 1924 
and detained in Tsinanfu ; early in 1925 
he was offered his release but refused 
to accept without an apology* and 
statement from the Peking Government 
exonerating him from charges of 
misconduct while as governor of the 
Tsingtao Special Area ; president of the 
Chefoo-Weihaiwei Motor Road Company, 
1925-27; president of the Shanghai- 
Minghong Motor Road Corporation, 
1928 to the present ; address : Shanghai- 
Minghong Motor Road Corporation, 
Nantao, Shanghai. 



GILBERT C. KAO, Government 
official; born at Feng-Cheng, Liaoning 
in 1895 ; was graduated from Tsing 
Hua College, Peking, after which he 
attended the Lowell Textile School in 
America and received his B.T.E. 
degree; after returning to China he 
was connected with Northeastern 
University, Mukden, becoming dean of 
the college of engineering; secretary to 
Chang Hsiao-liang ; Commissioner of 
Education of Charhar Provincial Gov- 




Gilbert C. Kao (Kao Hsi-ping) 
% fa <%■ 

ernmenet, 1930 ; member of the Sinkiang 
Provincial Government and concurrently 
Commissioner of Finance since 1934 ; 
address : Sinkiang Provincial Govern- 
ment, Tihua, Sinkiang. 




Gen. Kao Kwel-tze 
$■«**•*.£ 

GEN. KAO KWEI-TZE, army 
officer ; born at Ting Pien Hsien, 
Shensi, in 1891 ; was graduated from 
the Chiang Wu Tang or Military 
Academy of Shensi in 1921 ; after 
having served successively as a squad 
commander, battalion commander, and 
regimental commander, he became 
commander of the 3rd Brigade of 
the 2nd Kuominchun (People's Army) 
in 1924 ; was transferred as commander 
of the _ 5th Mixed Brigade of Yi Chun, 
1926 ; in the same year, was promoted 
commander of the 8th Independent 
Division of the National Revolutionary 
Army ; in 1927, was promoted com- 
mander of the 19th Army of the 
National Revolutionary Army ; in 1928, 
was transferred as commander of the 
47th Army, which in the same year was 
reorganized as 133th Brigade of the 
National Revolutionary Army, he being 
concurrently vice-commander of the 
45th Division ; in 1929, transferred as 
commander of the 10th Independent 
Brigade of the National Revolutionary 
Army; in 1930, commander of the Wth 
Division, which in the same year was 
reorganized as the 33rd Army and later 



as the 11th Division ; in 1931, appointed 
Garrison Commander of the 1st Division 
of the Cheng Tai Railway Defence 
Army ; in November the same year, 
transferred as commander of the 84th 
Division, which post he now holds ; he 
participated in the Northern Expedition 
of the Revolutionary Army and also 
served in the defence of Jehol against 
the Japanese ; address : Headquarters of 
the 84th Division, Sinhsiang, Honan ; 
permanent address : 59 Pao Tze Chieh, 
Peiping. 




Kao Lin-wel 

% & M * * * 

KAO LIN - WEI, Government offi- 
cial ; born at Tientsin, Chihli, 1896 ; 
director of the Hupeh Government Mint, 
and commissioner of education for 
Hupeh ; chief of the bureau for the 
collection of national taxes in Chihli, 
1914 ; member of Parliament represent- 
ing Chihli, 1917 ; vice-Minister of 
Agriculture and Commerce, 1020 ; vice- 
President of the Bank of Agriculture 
and Commerce, 1921 ; Minister of 
Finance and concurrently director of 
the currency bureau and of the salt 
administration, 1921 ; Minister of 
Interior, Dec. 1921 to June, 1922; 
acting Minister of Finance, Aug. 1922 ; 
acting Minister of Agriculture and 
Commerce, ,Sept. 1922 ; Minister of 
Interior, 1922-23; Prime Minister, 
1923-24 ; director-general of the customs 
administration, 1924 ; member of the 
Hopei-Chahar Political Council, since 
December 1935 ; address : Hopei-Chahar 
Political Council, Peiping. 



KAO LOU, Government official; 
born at Chang Lo, Fukien, 1876 ; was 
graduated from the naval architecture 
department of the Naval Academy at 
the Foochow Naval Dockyard ; was 
sent to Belgium as a Government 
student, where he studied at the 
University of Brussels, graduating as 
Ingenieur Civil; from Belgium, he went 
to Germany and France where he 
worked in a number of factories and 
received practical training ; after 
spending nine years in Europe, he 
returned to China in 1911 ; joined the 
Kuomintang Party and participated in 
the revolutionary activities at Canton ; 
appointed secretary to Dr. Sun Yat-sen 
in the Nanking Provisional Govern- 
ment, 1912 ; later, director of the 
cadastral department in the Ministry 
of Interior at Nanking ; director of 
the Government Observatory in 1913, 
in which capacity he introduced scien- 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



121 




Kao Lou (Kao Lu) 

* * * * * 

tific methods, regarding operation and 
also publications of the observations ; 
visited Europe to study the progress 
of modern science in 1920 and while 
there, he was appointed director of the 
Educational Mission in* Europe, 1921 ; 
returned to China in 1922 and resumed 
the directorship of Peking observatory; 
upon establishment of the National 
Government at Nanking, he was 
appointed Chief Secretary of the 
Ministry of Education and made member 
of the Kiang-su Provincial Government 
in 1927 ; later, appointed Director of the 
Government observatory at Nanking; 
Minister to France, 1928-30 ; appointed 
Minister of Education, December 1930 ; 
member of the Control Yuan, since 
September 1981 ; he is president of the 
Chinese Astronomical Institute and 
author of "The Principle of Einstein's 
Theory of Relativity," "l'Evolution des 
Asterismes Chinois" and "La Federa- 
tion Mondiale" ; address : c/o Control 
Yuan, Nanking. 



he continued to remain in government 
service ; in December 1927, he was 
appointed by the Nationalist Govern- 
ment as director of the Electrical 
Administration of Yunnan and con- 
currently director of Yunnan Radio 
Administration Bureau which positions 
he still holds. 





Kao Ping-chuno 

**t *»# 

KAO PING-CHUNG, electrical 
engineer ; native of Chekiang ; born in 
Yunnan, 1882 ; was graduated from the 
Yunnan Provincial Electrical College ; 
during the last years of the Manchu 
regime, he held various positions in the 
electrical department in the Yunnan 
Provincial Government ; after the estab- 
lishment of the Natinalist Government, 



Ko Tai-hong (Kao Ta-fang) 

% * * * «t #L 
KO TAI-HONG, physician and wel- 
fare worker; born at Changchow, 
Fukien, 1877 ; received his preliminary 
and Chinese classical education at 
home ; studied medical science in the 
Siokhe Hospital, Siokhe and the Hope's 
Hospital, Amoy, graduating with first 
honors in 1899 ; after graduation, he 
has been practising both in Amoy and 
Changchow ; director of the Lamfong 
Drug Co., Amoy and the Lamson 
Dispensary, Changchow ; member of 
the executive committee of the Amoy 
General Chamber of Commerce; vice- 
director of the Amoy Canning Co. ; 
besides his professional pursuits, he is 
also prominent in social and missionary 
activities ; assisted in the establishment 
of the Chinese Christian Church in 
Changchow ; member of the executive 
committee of the city Y.M.C.A., Amoy ; 
address : c/o Lamfang Drug Company, 
Amoy, Fukien. 



KAO TING - TSE, Government 
official; born in the district of Sun 
Woi, Kwangtung, 1896; B.A. National 
Peking University, 1921 ; M.A. Columbia 
University, New York, 1923 ; Ph.D. 
Columbia University, 1926 ; professor 
of Political Economy, Chung Shan 
University, Canton, 1927-32 ; founder 
and chief editor of Kivangtung Morning 
Post at Canton, 1932 ; senior secretary. 
Ministry Education, 1932; director of 
Marine and Navigation, Ministry of 
Communications, since Nov. 1932; 
author "The Governmental Methods of 
Adjusting Labor Disputes in North 
America and Australasia ;" address ; 
Ministry of Communications, Nanking. 





Kro Ting-tse 



Kao Tsi-chu 

KAO TSI-CHU, army officer; born 
at Lushan, Honan, 1898; received his 
preliminary education at Peking 1913 ; 
entered the Paoting Military Officers' 
College, 1918 and after graduation, was 
appointed a staff officer in Feng Yu- 
hsiang's army ; joined the Whampoa 
Military Cadets College, 1924 and 
participated in the campaigns against 
the Kwangsi militarists in the East 
River region, 1925 ; promoted command- 
er of 52nd regiment of the 18th Divi- 
sion of the Nationalist Revolutionary 
Army, 1926 ; lived in retirement, 1927- 
28 ; appointed director of the Political 
Training Department attached to the 
Military Headquarters at Kaifeng 1929 ; 
chief staff officer to the Commander of 
the Border Defense Force of Honan and 
Shensi, 1930; Commander of the 5th 
Nationalist Army which has been 
reorganised into the new 20th Division, 
of which he remains the Commander 
up to the present, 1933 ; besides being 
engaged in troops training and bandit 
suppression activities, he is tremendous- 
ly interested in road building and other 
constructive work and in the study of 
social and agricultural sciences and 
economics ; address : Headquarters of 
Commander of New 20th Division, 
Chow-chia-kow, Honan. 



DR. MARCELO NUBLA, legal prac- 
titioner in the Philippine Islands ; 
born at Manila of Fukienese parentage, 
1898 ; finished his primary education 
at the Anglo-Chinese School of 
Manila and completed his secondary 
education at St. Joseph's College at 
Hongkong ; was graduated from the 
Philippine Law School with LL.B. 
degree in 1922 ; took post-graduate 
work at the Georgetown University in 
I Washington, D.C., U.S.A., from which 



122 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Dr. Marcelo Nubia (Kao Tsu-chen) 
% #L )\\ $ •£ #- 

he received LL.M. and S.J.D. degrees ; 
passed with honor the Bar examination 
given by the Philippine Government 
upon return to the Islands and was 
granted a licence to practise generally 
in the Philippines ; has been engaged 
in legal practice since return and has 
handled many important cases in the 
Philippine Courts of Justice; president 
of the "Chinese Community," one of 
the three biggest Chinese Organizations 
in P.I., which is the proprietor of the 
"Philippine Chinese General Hospital" 
and "Chinese Cemetery" ; a director 
of the China Banking Corporation ; 
co-chairman of the "Philippine Chinese 
National Salvation Association" ; chair- 
man of the Committee of Foreign 
Affairs and Honorary Secretary of the 
"Philippine Chinese General Chamber of 
Commerce" ; chairman of the Committee 
of the "China Aero Institute, Manila 
Chapter" ; chairman of the Philippine 
Chapter of the Chinese Scouts ; legal 
advisor to the Chinese Consulate- 
General in the Philippines and advisor 
of the "Head Organization ; China Aero 
Institute" ; recreation : member of the 
Wack Wack Golf and Country Club of 
Manila ; address : China Bank Building, 
Manila, P.I. 



National Peking University ; professor 
and dean of the Political Science 
Department of the Chungkuo Univer- 
sity, Peiping ; professor and dean of the 
School of Social Sciences of the China 
National Institute, Woosung, Shanghai ; 
professor at the Chungshan University, 
Wuchang ; director of the Bureau of 
Compilation and Translation of the 
Political Department of the Military 
Affairs Commission ; now, member of 
the Control Yuan and recently appoint- 
ed Supervisory Commissioner of the 
Yuan for the Hunan-Hupeh Control 
Area ; author of "A History of the 
Political Thought of Europe," "An 
Outline^ of Political Science," "A 
History of the Chinese Imperial Censor- 
ship System," "A History of the Chi- 
nese Cabinet System," and contributing 
editor to The New Youth Magazine, 
The Weekly Critic and other period- 
icals ; address : Control Yuan, Nanking. 




Kao Yi-han 

% — T& 

KAO YI-HAN, Government official; 
born at Luan, Anhwei, 1885; B.A. in 
Political Science from the Meiji Uni- 
versity, Japan ; professor at the 



Kao Yun-kun 

% r * ^ 'X* 

KAO YUN-KUN, railway official. 
(See Page 205, 4th Edition). 




Commission, 1933 ; now member of the 
committee for the custody of the funds 
for peace preservation in Hupeh ; c/o 
Hupeh Provincial Government, Wuchang. 



Prince Khalachln 

t *•« n ^ ^ # f 

PRINCE KHALACHIN, Mongolian 
and Government official. 
(See Page 217, 4th Edition). 



mmm I ic? mmm 

Keno Po-chao 

V- fa Si 

KENG PAO-CHAO, Government 
official; born at Anlo, Hupeh, 1884; 
received his early education at his home 
town and later attended the Japanese 
Military Officers' Academy in Tokyo, 
specializing in cavalry ; after graduation, 
he was appointed military secretary 
to Dr. Sun Yat-sen in 1911 ; chief of 
staff to the Headquarters of Nanking 
Garrison Forces, 1912 ; on ■, several 
occasions, he served as political and 
military adviser to the President of 
China; after resigSration of Dr. Sun 
from the provisional presidency, he 
received the title of General; 
when the Nationalist Revolutionary 
Forces arrived in Hankow in 1926, he 
was appointed director of the Hupeh 
Telegraph Administration and later 
director of the 1st Special District of 
Hankow (former German Concession at 
Hankow) ; appointed military counsellor 
of the National Government with the 
rank of Major-General, 1929; member 
of the Party and Administrative Affairs 
Committee and concurrently director of 
the Political Affairs Bureau of the 
Headquarters of the Commander-in- 
Chief of the Anti-Red Forces in Hupeh, 
Honan and Anhwei, 1931 ; counsellor of 
the Nanchang Provisional Headquarters 
of the President of the Military Affairs 




Eugene Ye-blng Kiang (Kiang l-ping) 

* - 4 

EUGENE YE-BING KIANG, legal 
practitioner; native of Chekiang ; born 
at Kaifeng, Honan, Dec. 25, 1898 ; B.A. 
Futan University, 1922 ; LL..B. Soochow 
University Law School, 1923 ; LL.D. 
(Hon.) Futan University, 1935; private 
law practice in Shanghai since 1924 ; 
professor, Soochow University Law 
School, 1928-32 ; member of the Shanghai 
Municipal Council, since 1934; member 
of the Executive Committee, Shanghai 
Chinese Ratepayers Association, 1929-30 ; 
member, Shanghai Municipal Council 
Watch Committee, Health Committee 
and Ricksha Investigation, Committee, 
1933 ; member of Standing Committee, 
Shanghai Bar Association, 1931-32 ; 
member, Board of Trustees, Futan 
University since 1931 ; director of 
Dah-Hoo Commercial and Savings Bank, 
1933-34 ; representative, National Legal 
Conference, 1922 ; president, National 
Students' Union, 1921-22 ; editor-in- 
chief, . China Law Review, 1922-23 ; 
married on Jan. 1, 1931 at Shanghai 
Miss Yu . Dah-han, daughter of Yu 
Ya-ching, well-known shipping magnate 
and leading public figure in Shanghai ; 
participated in numerous legal cases of 
national importance and is acting as 
legal advisor to many Government 
organs and leading Chinese and foreign 
firms; member of the following clubs: 
Union Club, Medium Club, International 
Recreation Club, etc. ; address : 149 
Szechuan Road, Shanghai. 



KO CHENG-TING, Government offi- 
cial and revolutionary worker; native 
of Kweichow ; born in 1902 ; studied at 
Kweiyang, capital of Kweichow, during 
the time of "May 4 Student Movement" 
of 1917 ; when the Kweichow Provincial 
Student Association was formed, he was 
elected President of the Association ; 
because of his student and revolutionary 
activities, he incurred the ill-will of 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



123 




king Special District Party Head- 
quarters and in June, 1933, elected by 
the same Party Headquarters as a deleg- 
ate to the 5th National Party Congress ; 
regarded as a leading spirit of Young 
China; address: Ministry of Railways, 
Nanking. 



Ko Cheng-ting 
& jt & 

the militarists and had to leave China- 
in 1922 for Germany where he studied 
political economy at Berlin Univer- 
sity; he organised a Chinese Students' 
Association in Germany ; in 1924, when 
the Kuomintang was "reorganised, he 
was elected a member of the Standing 
Committee of the Branch Party Head- 
quarters in Germany; when the 
"May 30 Affair," occured in Shanghai 
in 1925, he made vigorous efforts 
in the anti-Inperialism Movement 
in Europe and toured various parts 
of Germany on an anti-Imperialism 
publicity campaign ; when the "World's 
Anti-Imperialism Alliance" met at 
Brussels, he was appointed a Chinese 
delegate to the conference ; in the fall of 
1925 he was graduated from Berlin 
University and proceeded to Soviet Russia 
where he entered the Sunyatsen Uni- 
versity at Moscow to do research in 
Soviet Revolutionary theories and to 
study political and economic recon- 
struction after the Revolution ; at that 
time, communist influence was dominat- 
ing in Moscow and practically all Chinese 
students in the University were 
Communists; he got together a group 
of faithful Kuomintang comrades and 
launched a counter-campaign against 
the Communists ; because of his activi- 
ties, he was greatly hated by the 
Communists and threatened with arrest ; 
in the winter of 1926, he completed his 
courses in the University and secretly 
returned to China ; when he arrived 
back in China in Dec, 1928, he was 
appointed Director of the Political 
Department with the rank of Lt.-Gen., 
in the Headquarters of the 26th Nation- 
alist Army ; in Feb. 1928, he was 
appointed a secretary of the Publicity 
Department of the Central Party 
Headquarters and concurrently member 
of the Mass Training Committee of the 
C. E. C. ; later he was appointed 
Director of the Peiping Special District 
Party Headquarters and concurrently 
member of its Standing Committee ; in 
Nov., 1931, he was elected a delegate to 
the 4th National Party Congress at 
Canton ; in Feb., 1933, he was made a 
counsellor to the Executive Yuan ; in 
March of the same year, was appointed 
a counsellor to the Ministry of Rail- 
ways ; in August, was transferred to 
the post as Director of the Administra- 
tive Affairs Department of the same 
Ministry, which position he now 
retains ; in Sept. was elected member of 
the Executive Committee of the Nan- 




Kungchen Koo (Ko Kung-chen) 
X 2* «- 

KUNGCHEN KO, journalist, 
ceased, 1891-1935. 
(See Page 206, 4th Edition). 



De- 



Ko Tse-han (Ko Chlh-han) 

*.*. ft $ && 
KO TSE-HAN, Government official; 
born in Anhui, 1887 ; was graduated 
from the Hanyang Military Academy in 
1912 ; started his military career as a 
corporal in the 16th Mixed Brigade; 
director of the salt transportation office 
at Tsangteh, Hunan ; director of pro- 
vincial stamp tax bureau, Honan ; 
director of Peking Octroi; vice-Minister 
of Finance; Director-General of the Salt 
Administration ; counsellor to the Direc- 
torate-General for the North-western 
Frontier Defense ; director of the finance 
bureau of Chahar ; director of industrial 
bureau of Chahar ; director of the 
Chahar reclamation office; president of 
the Northwestern Bank; financial 
director of the 2nd Kuominchun Army; 
member of Shensi Provincial Govern- 
ment and concurrently Commissioner of 
Finance; member of the Chahar 
Provincial Government and concurrently 
Commissioner of Civil Affairs ; address : 
Chahar Provincial Government, Kalgan, 
Chahar. 



Gen. Ko Chlng-en 

t «t & % & H 

GEN. KO CHING-EN, Government 
official ; born at Kashing, Chekiang, 
1888 ; graduate of Japanese Imperial 
Military College at Tokyo ; chief staff 
officer to the Commander of 1st Division 
of Chekiang Army ; Chief of Staff to the 
Field Headquarters of the Nationalist 
Commander-in-Chief at Hsuchow ; Chief 
of Staff Office of the Headquarters of 
the Nationalist Conwnander-in-Chief ; 
associate director of Administration 
Department of the National Military 
Disbandment and Reorganization Com- 
mission ; member of the National 
Reorganization Commission ; Mayor of 
Tsingtao Municipality ; member of the 
National Reconstruction Commission ; 
Department Chief of the General Staff; 
now, Director of Aviation Administra- 
tion of the Ministry of War; address: 
Aviation Administration Bureau, Mini- 
stry of War, Nanking. 




Robert Tschou-kwong Kah (Ko Tsu-kuang) 

ROBERT TSCHOU-KWONG KAH, 

Consular official; born in Ningpo, 
Chekiang, on Jan. 21, 1894 ; graduated 
from Hangchow Christian College, 
Hangchow, 1913 ; studied at Wooster 
College, Wooster, Ohio, U.S.A , 1915-19, 
from which school he received the 
degree of B.A. ; went to France in 1919 
and served as a secretary of Y.M.C.A., 
Chinese Labor Corps, France; served 
in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 
"Peking, in 1920 ; was appointed Consul- 
Eleve, Consulate General of China, 
Ottawa, Canada in 1923 ; served as 
Assistant Chief, Bureau of Intelligence 
and Publicity, Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, Peking, in 1925 ; adviser to 
the Ministry of War, Peking in 1926; 
from 1929 to 1933, served in the 
Ministry of\ Foreign Affairs, Nanking, 
as Section Chief of the Telegram Office, 
Section Chief of the Business Office, 
Assistant Director of the Department 
of General Affairs, Expert attached to 
the Commission for the Rendition of 
Weihaiwei, Expert attached to the 
Commission for the Rendition of the 
Mixed Court in the International 
Settlement, Shanghai ; appointed Consul 
General at Chicago, 111., U.S.A., in 1933, 
which post he still retains ; address : 
Chinese Consulate General, Chicago, 111., 
U.S.A. 



KU CHA-YEN, Government official 
and civil engineer ; born at Wusih, 
Kiangsu, 1894 ; attended the Universite 
Aurore at Shanghai and was graduated 
from the. Engineering Department of 
the University ; pursued advanced studies 
at the Ecole Poly-Technique, Paris, 
specialising in municipal construction ; 
since his return to China, he has 
successively served as engineer in the 
China Development Company, staff 
member of the supplies department of 
the Peiping-Hankow Railway ; member 
of the Office of the Director-General of 
Lung-Hai Railway, and later member of 
the Engineering Department; municipal 
expert of the Public Works Bureau of 
the Nanking Municipal Government ; 
technical expert and inspector of the 
Construction Department of the Kiangsu 
Provincial Government ; director of the 



124 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Ku Cha-yen 



Bureau of Public Works at Changshu, 
Kiangsu and concurrently director of 
Office for the Dredging of the Paimouho 
River ; author of the following books : 
"Municipal Construction," "Practical 
Methods of Road Construction," "Rural 
Roads Construction," "Methods of Park 
Laying" ; a voluminous writer on sub- 
jects of civil engineering and frequent 
contributor to the Good Roada Monthly 
of the National Good Roads Association ; 
last known address : Public Works 
Bureau, City Government, Changsu, 
Kiangsu. 



Commander-in-Chief of the Northern 
Route of the Communist-suppression 
Forces, 1933-34; member of the Central 
Executive Committee of Kuomingtang 
since 1931 ; Pacification Commissioner 
of Kiangsi, 1934-35 ; now Pacification 
Commissioner of Szechuan ; address : 
Headquarters of the Pacification Com- 
missioner of Szechuen, Chengtu, Sze- 
chuan. 




Gen. Ku Chu-tung 

GEN. KU CHU-TUNG, army 
officer ; born at Lien-shui, Kiangsu ; 
graduate of Paoting Military Officers' 
College; instructor at the Whampoa 
Military Cadets' Academy; Commander 
of 1st Division of the 1st Army of 
the Nationalist Revolutionary Army; 
member of Kiangsu Provincial Govern- 
ment; member of the National Army 
Disbandment and Reorganization Com- 
mission of the National Government ; 
Commander of the 2nd Division of the 
reorganized National Army ; Comman- 
der-in-chief of the 16th Route Army 
of the Anti-Rebel Forces ; Commander 
of the 1st Division of the National 
Guards ; Chairman of Kiangsu Pro- 
vincial Government, 1931-33 ; Political 
Vice-Minister of War, since 1934 ; 




KU JEN-FA, retired Government 
official ; native of Hupeh ; graduate of 
the Japanese Military Officers' College, 
Tokyo ; has successively served as 
army instructor, battalion commander 
of infantry and artillery, regimental 
commander of artillery, brigadier- 
commander of artillery and chief- 
commander of artillery (of Shansi 
Army) ; chief -of -staff to the Commander- 
in-Chief of the Third Group Army 
(Gen. Yen Hsi-shan) ; associate director 
of troop disbandment for the Third 
Troop Disbandment District ; chief -of- 
staff to the Headquarters of the 
Vice-Commander-in-Chief of the Army, 
Navy and Air Force (General Yen 
Hsi-shan) and concurrently director 
of Military Affairs Department of the 
Headquarters ; councillor to the Head- 
quarters of the Commander-in-Chief 
of the Army, Navy and Air Force; 
military councillor to the National 
Government ; inspector of administrative 
affairs for the 3rd District of Hupeh 
Province ; Commissioner for Civil 
Affairs of Kiangsu Provincial Govern- 
ment, which post he resigned in 1934 
due to family trouble ; he has since 
been living in retirement. 




Ku Meng-yu 

fa £ #■ 

and Wuhan factions, he resigned 
from all his posts and went abroad ; 
participated in the Northern Military 
Coalition at Peiping, 1930 ; for which 
he was expelled from the Kuomintang 
by the Nanking Government, but was 
restored to his membership on the 
Central Executive Committee in Dec, 
1931 ; Minister of Railways of the 
National Government, March 1931 to 
Dec. 1935 ; appointed Minister of Com- 
munications, Dec. 1935, but declined the 
appointment ; member of the Central 
Political Council and State Council. 




_KU MENG-YU, ex-Minister of Rail- 
ways ; born in Chihli, 1888 ; stud- 
ied at Peking and later attended 
Berlin University, Germany, specialising 
in economics, from which he was 
graduated ; professor and later dean of 
the department of economics of the 
Peking Government University, 1922-25 ; 
jointed the Kuomintang and became 
prominent member of the Left Wing 
under the leadershinp of Wang Ching- 
wei ; elected member of the Central 
Executive Committee of Kuomintang, 
1926 ; chief of the publicity department 
of the Central Party Headquarters of 
Kuomintang, 1927 ; member of the 
Nationalist Government at Wuhan and 
concurrently Minister of Education, 
1927; after the split of the Nanking 



Vl-tslng Koo (Ku Wel-chlng) 

m m *fr £ ^* - 

VI-TSING KOO, electric engineer 
and university professor ; born at 
Wusih, Kiangsu, 1888 ; was graduated 
from Nanyang College, Shanghai, 
1907 ; studied electrical engineering at 
the University of Illinois, U.S.A., 
graduating with B.Sc. degree; studied 
hydraulic engineering at the Massa- 
chussets Institute of Technology, from 
which he received his M.Sc. degree ; 
was also given the M.Sc. degree 
by Harvard University ; appointed 
professor by the Nanking Conservancy 
College at Nanking, 1916; professor of 
Nanyang University, Shanghai, 1917 ; 
chief engineer of the Yu Foong cotton 
mill at Chengchow, Honan, 1919-22 ; 
director of the business and radio- 
engineering department of the Chiao- 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



125 



Tung University, Peking, 1922 ; dean 
of the Nanyang University, Shanghai, 
1923-25 ; concurrently, he was also 
chief engineer of the Yao Ming 
Lighting Plant at Wusih. 




Dr. Vi-kyulnlWellington Kqo (K« Wei-chun) 

M ^ «J $ ')r J'l 
DR. VI - KYUIN WELLINGTON 
KOO, Chinese Minister to France; 
diplomat ; born at Shanghai in 1888 ; 
studied at the Anglo-Chinese College, 
Shanghai, 1899-1900 ; Yu Tsai School, 
1900-01; St. John's University, 1901-04 
and while there, was editor of The 
Dragon; went to America and studied 
at Cook Academy, 1904-05 ; studied 
liberal arts at Columbia University, 
1905-08 and political science, 1908-12, 
specializing in international law and 
diplomacy; author of "The Status of 
Aliens in China;" received his A.B. 
degree in 1908 ; M.A. degree, 1909 ; 
Ph.D., 1912; LL.D. (Causa Honoris) 
from Yale, 1916; LL.D. (Causa 
Honoris), 1917; he was elected to 
the American Society of International 
Law and the American Political Science 
Association ; elected to the Nacoms, 
the Blue Pencil and Delta Epsilon 
Rho societies in 1911 ; recipient of 
the Philolescean Literary Prize, the 
Columbia-Cornell Debating Medal ; 
member of the varisity debating team, 
1906-07; editor of The Columbia 
Spectator, The Chinese Students' 
Monthly, The Chinese Students' Annual 
and manager of The Columbian and The 
Columbia Monthly; returned to China 
in 1912 to take up the appoint- 
ments of Secretary of the Cabinet and 
Secretary to the President; secretary 
and later councillor in the Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs, 1912-15 ; Director 
of the Publicity Office and Vice- 
Chairman of the Commission to settle 
international claims arising out of the 
Revolution, 1911-12; in July, 1915 he 
was appointed Chinese Minister to 
Mexico and three months later was 
transferred as Minister to the United 
States and Cuba ; Chinese plenipotentiary 
to the Paris Peace Conference, 1919-20, 
and refused to sign the treaty on account 
of the unsatisfactory decision of the 
Conference on the Shantung Question ; 
Chinese delegate to the International 
Labor Conference, 1919 ; chief Chinese 
delegate to the League of Nations, 1920 ; 
Chinese Minister to England in 1920 ; 
Chinese Representative on the Council 
of the League of Nations, 1920 and 
was chairman thereof and ex-officio 
President of the Assembly, 1921 ; 
Chinese plenipotentiary to the Washing- 
ton Conference, 1921 ; was given the 



rank of Ambassador in Nov., 1921 ; 
returned to China in 1922 and was 
appointed president of the commission 
for the discussion of financial 
questions ; Minister of Foreign Affairs, 
1922 ; President of the Commission to 
prepare for the Special International 
Conference on Chinese Tariff, 1922 ; 
resigned in November, 1922 and was 
again appointed Acting Minister of 
Foreign Affairs, in 1923 ; in January, 
1924 he became Minister of Foreign 
Affairs and later acting Prime Minister ; 
signed the Sino-Russian Convention of 
1924, restoring diplomatic relations with 
the U.S.S.R.r upon the resignation of 
the Cabinet en bloc in October 1924 he 
retired ; appointed Minister of Finance 
in May, 1926 and set a precedent upon 
his resignation by publishing a complete 
statement of the receipts and dis- 
bursements during his tenure of office ; 
he again became Minister of Foreign 
Affairs and Acting Prime Minister in 
October, 1926 and was appointed 
concurrently President of the Customs 
Tariff Commission ; he formed his 
second Cabinet in January, 1927 and 
was concurrently Minister of Foreign 
Affairs ; he resigned his Cabinet in 
June, 1927 ; appointed member of the 
Foreign Affairs Commission and later 
of its Standing Committee; President 
of the Commission for the Rehabilita- 
tion of Three Eastern Provinces in 
October, 1931 ; in November, 1931 he 
was appointed again Minister of 
Foreign Affairs ; from February to 
August in 1932 he was Chinese 
Assessor to the League of Nations 
Manchurian Commission of Inquiry ; 
in August, 1932 appointed Minister to 
France with rank of Ambassador and 
delegate to\ the 13th Assembly and the 
Special Assembly of the League of 
Nations, and Chinese Representative 
on the Council of the League ; Delegate 
to the Disarmament Conference, 1933 ; 
delegate to the London Economic 
Conference in June, 1933 ; Chief 
delegate to the 14th Assembly of the 
League of Nations, 1934 ; member of 
the International Court of Arbitration 
at The Hague, 1934 ; he has been on 
leave in China since September, 1934 ; 
address: Chinese Legation, Paris, 
France or c/o" Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, Nanking. 



Ku Ylng-fen 

KU YING-FEN, official. Deceased. 
(See Page 208, 4th Edition). 



KUAN CHUN, Government official; 
born at Hanyang, Hupeh ; acting 
magistrate of the Mixed Court in the 
International Settlement, Shanghai in 
1903 ; promoted magistrate of the 
Kiangyin district in 1907 and held this 
position until 1911 when he returned 
to his former office in the Mixed Court 
during the Revolution, which post he 
held until the inauguration of the 
Provisional Court in 1927 ; he went 
into retirement in 1927 and in 1929 he 
was appointed vice-director of the 
Stamp Tax Bureau of Kiangsu ; Mr. 
Kuan's ancestry may be traced as far 
back as the famous General Kuan Yu, 
the God of War of China; for his 
distinguished services he has been 
decorated by the Chinese and foreign 
governments ; a pious and learned 
Buddhist and devotes most of his time 
to the cause of that religoin ; he is 
vice-president of the Pure Karma 
Buddhist Association of Shanghai, a 
member of the executive committee 




Kuan Chun (Kuan Chiang) 

M to f to 3. 

of Buddhist Association for the whole 
of China and vice-president of the 
Discharged Prisoners' Aid Society; 
address : Stamp Tax Bureau of Kiangsu, 
Shanghai. 



Kuan Hai-ching 

H * * * * M 

KUAN HAI-CHING, official. 
(See Page 209, 4th Edition). 




Kuan Keng-lln 

« &m f * a. 

KUAN KENG - LIN, Government 
official ; born at Nan-hal, Kwang- 
tung, 1880; studied at Tung Wen 
College in Japan and the Government 
University at Peking ; accompanied 
the Imperial Mission to America and 
Europe to study constitutional forms 
of Government ; secretary to the Board 
of War, 1905-06 ; joined the Board of 
Communications, 1907 ; associate director 
of the Peking-Hankow Railway Admin- 
istration, 1911 ; director of the same 
Railway Administration, 1912-15 ; secre- 
tary of the Ministry of Finance, 1916 ; 
director of the railway department of 
the Ministry of Communications, 1917; 
chief of the through traffic department 
of the Ministry, 1918-20; president of 
the Communications University, 1922 ; 
councillor of the Ministry of Railways 
of the National Government, 1928 to 
the present ; address : Ministry of 
Railways, Nanking. 



126 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Dr. Fong Foo Sec (Kuang Fu-shao) 

# t » -4F M 9 

DR. FONG FOO SEC, retired 
editor ; born at Sunning, Kwangtung 
in 1869 ; son of a farmer ; at age of 
13, he went to America with other 
villagers who were employed as railway 
laborers and got a job in Sacramento 
at G.$l a week on the recommendation 
of an uncle ; studied at night school 
in order to learn English ; he was 
aided by a Chinese Christian pastor 
and became a Christian ; he joined 
the Salvation Army and went to San 
Francisco to become an active worker, 
1889-97; entered Pomona College at 
Pomona, where he did his high school 
and freshman college work, 1897 T 1902; 
studied at the University of California, 
1902-05 and received a Bachelor of 
Letters degree ; studied English and 
education at Columbia University, New 
York, 1905-06 and received his M.A. and 
M.E. degrees ; on the recommendation 
of the Chinese Minister at Washington, 
Liang Chen-tung, he was appointed 
professor of English in the College 
of Foreign Languages and Provincial 
College at Canton in 1906 and held 
This position one year ; went to Peking 
in 1907 and passed the examinations for 
his Chin Shih '(Doctor of Literature) 
degree ; was appointed to a position 
in the Ministry of Communications, but 
having no inclination for official life he 
left in 1908 and became editor-in-chief 
of the English editorial department of 
the Commercial Press, which position 
he held until January, 1929, when 
he retired ; he is the author of 
the following textbooks in English ; 
"Language Lessons," "A Classroom 
Conversation Book," "Elementary Com- 
position," "Intermediate Composition" 
and "Stories from Shakespeare" ; his 
chief contribution to educational deve- 
lopment in China has been the raising 
of the standard of English books 
printed by the Commercial Press ; 
Pomona College conferred upon him 
the degree of LL.D. in 1922, he being 
the third person in the history of 
the school to receive this degree ; he 
was for several years chairman of the 
National Committee of the Y.M.C.A. 
of China and holds the following 
positions: member of the management 
committee of the Institution for Chinese 
Blind; chairman of the Shanghai 
Chinese Y.M.C.A. ; member of the field 
board of Shantung Christian Univer- 
sity; honorary president of Nanyang 
Commercial Academy; member of the 
executive committee of the China 
Christian Educational Association ; 
member of the board of directors of 
the Pan-Pacific Association ; of the 



Chinese Mission to Lepers ; first 
vice-chairman of the National Child 
Welfare Association ; member of the 
executive committee of the Church of 
Christ in China ; past president of the 
Shanghai Rotary Club ; address : 34 
Scott Road, Shanghai. 



H. K. Kwong (Kuang Hsu-kun) 
J% ft 3T ^ « 4a 

H. K. KWONG (KUANG HSU- 
KUN), diplomatic official. Deceased 
(1892-1934). 

(See Page 211, 4th Edition). 



by the Government to participate in 
the rendition of Weihaiwei ; promoted 
chief of the personnel section of the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 1930 ; same 
year appointed Second Secretary to 
China's League of Nations' Office in 
Geneva, but did not take up the post; 
appointed Chinese Consul-general in 
the Philippine Islands, Nov. 1930 which 
position he held until June 19, 1984, 
when he was transferred to be Consul- 
General of San Francisco ; he was 
recalled in April of 1935 for duties at 
the Ministry; now managing director 
of Nanking Municipal Electric Power 
Company ; address : Nanking Municipal 
Electric Power Company, Nanking. 




K. L. Kwong (Kuang Kuan-ling, 
JP *. #> 
K. L. KWONG, former consular 
official; native of Kwangtung; born 
in Australia, 1897 ; returned to China 
when twelve years of age and took up 
Chinese education in Hongkong, Shang- 
hai and Hangchow ; finished his 
secondary education at a Middle School 
in Hangchow, 1914 ; went to the United 
States in the same year, first study- 
ing at Wooster College, Ohio, then 
transferred to Columbia, from which 
he was graduated in 1917 ; went to 
England after America joined the World 
War and was attached to the Canadian 
Forces as a Y.M.C.A. secretary; then 
proceeded to France and joined the 
British Forces as a Y.M.C.A. secretary 
with the Chinese Labor Corps ; returned 
to America after the Armistice and 
studied at Harvard University, gra- 
duating in 1921 with degree of M.B.A. 
(Master of Business Administration) ; 
married in the same year and for 
twelve- months toured the world, 
studying conditions ; on return to China 
in 1922, became acting English editor 
of the Commercial Press during the 
absence of Dr. Fong Sec. and at the 
same time served as English secretary 
to the Chinese General Chamber of 
Commerce, Shanghai ; after about a 
year with the Commercial Press, became 
professor of the College of Commerce 
of the National Southeastern University 
and also of the Tse Chi University, 
Shanghai ; joined the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs of the Nationalist 
Government in 1928, when the. Govern- 
ment was established in Nanking, taking 
charge of its publicity and intelligence 
office at Shanghai ; promoted a section 
chief in the Ministry 1929 ; appointed 
by the Government to accompany the 
American Journalist Party of the 
Carnegie Foundation in China, 1929 ; 
also in the same year served as a 
member of the delegation appointed 



K. Y. Kwong (Kuang Sun-mow) 
M? $ % f £ vfc 

K. Y. KWONG, retired railway 
engineer; born at Canton, Kwangtung, 
1863 ; was one of the first group of 
Chinese students sent to America by the 
Manchu government to receive modern 
education, where he attended the 
following schools: Williston Seminary, 
Easthampton, Mass :, 1887-80 ; Massa- 
chusetts Institute of Technology, 1880- 
82 ; returned to China in 1922 before 
graduation ; joined the Kaiping Mining 
Co., Tangshan, as assistant engineer, 
1882-86 ; assistant engineer on the 
Peking-Mukden Railway, 1886-1900 ; 
assistant engineer on the Pingshiang- 
Chuchow Railway, 1901-03; resident 
engineer of the Peking - Mukden 
Railway, 1903-05 ; district engineer of 
the Peking-Kalgan Railway, 1905-06; 
chief engineer of the Canton-Hankow 
Railway, 1906 ; chief engineer of the 
Canton-Hankow Railway, 1906 ; chief 
engineer of the Peking-Suiyuan Railway 
1911-16 ; chief engineer of the Tientsin- 
Pukow Railway, 1917-19; shop super- 
intendent of the Peking-Hankow and 
Peking-Suiyuan Railway, 1920-21; chief 
engineer of the Peiping-Suiypan and 
consulting engineer of the Peking- 
Hankow Railways, 1921-22; retired to 
private life since May, 1922 ; he was 
for a time president of the Association 
of Chinese and American Engineers and 
also of the Chinese Engineers Associa- 
tion : address : c/o Association of Chinese 
and American Engineers, Nanchitsu, 
Peiping. 



EDWARD Y. K. KWONG, university 
professor and writer ; born at Canton in 
1902 ; educated in Tsing Hua College, 
University of Southern California, 
Pomona College (B.A. 1925), University 
of Pennsylvania, Pierce School of 
Business Administration (Philadelphia), 
and Columbia University (M.S. in 
Business Administration, 1928) ; re- 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



127 




Edward Y. K. Kwong (Kuang Yao-kun) 



turned to China in June, 1928 ; 
successively secretary to the National 
Bureau of Registration, Bureau of 
Trade Marks, Nanking City Planning 
Bureau and the Ministry of Health ; 
former instructor of English in the 
Central Military Academy, Nanking ; 
contributing editor of The China Critic, 
Shanghai ; address : The China Critic. 
749 Bubbling Well Road, Shanghai. 




C. 8. Kwel 
ft $ 46 

C. B. KWEI, library expert and 
writer, M.Sc. (Columbia), Ph.D. 
(Chicago) ; born at Wuchang, Hupeh, 
1900 ; was graduated from the Central 
China University ; went to America 
as curator of the Chinese Collection, 
Columbia University, New York City, 
and representative of China to attend 
the 50th Anniversary of the American 
Library Association, held at Philadel- 
phia, 1926 ; while in New York he 
was the editor-in-chief of the Chinese 
Student Bulletin, and for one time was 
the treasurer of the Chinese Students' 
Club ; was elected member of the New 
York Library Club ; contributed articles 
to the China Weekly Review (Shanghai), 
Library Journal (New York City), 
Librarian and Book World (London), 
Bulletin on Scientific Relations of the 
League of Nations (Geneva), etc. ; from 
1928 to 1830, he catalogued the Gest 
Chines* Research Library, Montreal, 
Canada; then he did advanced work in 



the University of Chicago until 1931, 
when he returned to China ; after his 
return, he was the director of libraries, 
Northeastern University, Mukden, and 
is now the director of libraries, National 
Central University, Nanking ; at the 
same time he is the professor of library 
science in the same University; author 
of Bibliographical and Administrative 
Problems Arising from the Incorpora- 
tion of Chinese Books in American 
Libraries; address : The National 
Central University Library, Nanking. 




Paul Kwel (Kuei Chlh-tmg) 

tt £ * 

PAUL KWEI, university profes&or; 
born at Shasi, Hupeh, January 9, 
1895 ; received his education at St. 
John's University, 1909-12 ; Tsing Hua 
College, 1918; Yale University (A.B.), 
1917; Cornell University (M.S.), 1920; 
Princeton University (Ph.D.) 1925; 
University of Chicago, 1917-18 ; he has 
held the following positions : secretary 
to Tsing Hua College, 1913-14; 
Y.M.C.A. secretary with Chinese 
laborers in France, 1918-19 ; teacher 
in physics in the pre-medical school of 
the Peking Union Medical College, 
1920-22; head of the department of 
physics at Yale College in China, 
1922-27; China Medical Board Fellow 
in physics, Princeton University, 1923- 
26 ; professor of physics, Northeastern 
University, Mukden, 1927-28; head of 
the department of physics, Shanghai 
College, 1928 to present time ; address : 
Department of physics, Shanghai 
College, Shanghai. 



CHUNG - GI KWEI, Government 
official and university professor ; born 
at Kueichi, Kiangsi, 1900 ; received 
preliminary education in his native 
province ; went to U.S.A. at age 17 ; 
studied economics at Ohio Wesleyan 
University ; after graduation, entered 
the graduate school of Columbia 
University, majoring in political science 
and at the same time made a research 
fellow of the National Institute of Public 
Administration Bureau of Municipal 
Research, New York, receiving M.A. 
degree from the former and diploma 
from the latter upon graduation in 
1925 ; organised the May 30 Incident 
Support Society in America -and did 
much to make known the real situation 
of the Incident to the American public ; 
returned to China, 1925 and was 
appointed professor and later dean of 
the political science department of the 
National Kwangtung University ; came 




Chunn-gl Kwel (Kuei Chung-chi) 

to Shanghai and became professor 
of political science of Fuhtan Uni- 
versity ; member of the committee 
on education of the Central Political 
Council ; was appointed president uf the 
National Political Science University, 
but did not accept; professor of the 
Central University, Nanking ; member 
of Central Executive Committee of 
Kuomintang ; director of the compilation 
bureau of the Examination Yuan of 
the National Government, 1928 to the 
present; address: Compilation Bureau, 
Examination Yuan, Nanking. . 




Kwel Chung-shu (Kuei Chung -shu; 

a t « 

KWEI CHUNG-SHU, journalist and 
businessman ; born in Kai Hsien, Sze- 
chuari, 1897 ; graduated from Tsinghua 
College, 1919; B.A. Lawrence College, 
1920 ; B. J. University of Wisconsin, 
1921 ; LL.B., Comparative Law School 
of China, 1933 ; Chinese and English 
editor of various college publications 
at Tsinghua ; field worker in Y.M.C.A. 
North China Flood Relief, 1917; 
assistant boy scout master, 1918-19 ; 
organised boy scout movement in Shansi 
at request of Governor Yen Hsi-Shan, 
1919 ; English secretary. National 
Students' Federation, 1919 ; associate 
editor, For Eastern Republic, San 
Francisco, 1919-20 ; representative in- 
America, bureau of public information, 
1919; assistant, Hunter press bureau, 
1920 ; reporter, The Wisconsin State 



128 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



Journal, Madison, Wis. 1921; first 
Chinese admitted to Sigma Delta Chi, 
National Journalistic Fraternity in 
America, 1920 ; associate editor, The 
China Advocate, Washington, D. C, 
1921-22; contributed to The New York 
Times, The /New York Evening Poet 
and other papers on and during the 
Washington Disarmament Conference, 
1921-22 ; associated with exchange 
department, Milwaukee Journal, 1922 ; 
editor-in-chief, The Chinese Students 
Monthly, New York, 1922-25 ; manager, 
Shanghai office, Government Bureau 
of Economic Information, 1926-28 ; 
managing editor, The China Critic, 
Shanghai, 1927-32 ; Contributor to The 
Shanghai Evening Post and Mercury 
since 1931 ; Editor-in-Chief, The China 
Critic since 1932 ; technical expert, 
Chinese Assessor's Office, the League 
Commission of Inquiry, 1932 ; Editor- 
in-Chief, China' 8 Year Book (now in 
preparation) ; now editorial writer, The 
China Press, 1935 ; author, "Plain 
Speaking on Japan," Commercial Press, 
Shanghai ; business connection : assistant 
to treasurer. Peacock Motion Picture 
Corporation, New York, 1922-25 ; assist- 
ant sales manager, Odean Theatre Co., 
Fed. Inc., U.S.A., Shanghai, 1925-30; 
sal3s manager, Paramount Films of 
China, Inc., Shanghai, 1930-32 ; Assistant 
Vice-President, American Asiatic Un- 
derwriters, Federal Inc., U.S.A. since 
1932; address: c/o The China Critic, 
749 Bubbling Well Road, Shanghai. 



Kung Chao-yen 
iL M. A % #r « 

KUNG CHAO-YEN, judicial official 
(See Page 215, 4th Edition). 




Knei Fu 

* & 

KUEI FU, vice Tutung of Hulun- 
ber (the Barga District) ; born at 
Hulumber, Heilungkiang ; brother of 
Sheng Fu, formerly vice Tutung of 
Hulunber; he is loyal to the Central 
Government of China and has demon- 
strated his loyalty on many occasions ; 
during 1914 and 1915, local leaders of 
Hulunber declared independence* of 
China, it was he who persuaded 
them to cancel the independence ; later 
in 1919, when Hulunber proclaimed 
autonomy, he was instrumental for its 
abolition in the interests of the Central 
Government ; in 1929, when the youths 
of Hulunber staged an uprising, he 
preserved the order of the district; 
during the Sino-Russian War 1929 ; 
when Hulunber fell into the hands of 
the Russians he rendered a great 
service in the maintenance of peace 
and order of the district and finally 
was responsible for its recovery; 
address : care of Tutung's office, 
Hulunber, Hailar District, Heilungkiang 
Province. 




Or. H. H. Kung (Kung Hsiang-hsl) 

ZL # JR % /k *- 
DR. H. H. KUNG, Vice-President 
of the Executive Yuan, concurrently 
Minister of Finance and Governor of 
the Central Bank of China, is one of 
China's formost leaders to-day. He was 
born of a prominent family in Taiku, 
Shansi, in 1881, and is a direct descend- 
ent of Confucius of the 75th genera- 
tion. Following the Boxer Rebellion 
when the movement for modern, reform 
swept over China, Dr. Kung went to 
the United States to pursue modern 
education. He graduated from Oberlin 
College in 1906 and received the degree 
of M.A. from Yale University in 1907. 
Dr. Kung started his career as an 
educator. Upon his return to China, he 
established the Oberlin-Shansi Memorial 
College in his native city as an affiliated 
institution of his Alma Mater in 
Oberlin. In recognition of his valuable 
services to this institution and of his 
leadership in the educational and 
industrial circles in China, his Alma 
Mater conferred upon him the degree 
of LL.D. in 1926. Dr. Kung participated 
in the Revolution of 1911 which over- 
threw the Manchu regime, being in 
command of the volunteers of Shansi. 
Following the establishment of the 
Republic, he served for a number of 
years as High Adviser to General Yen 
Hsi-shan, then Governor of ■ Shansi, 
during which period he was largely 
instrumental in introducing many 
modern reforms in his native province, 
particularly in education and road con- 
struction. Following the Washington 
Conference, Dr. Kung was appointed 
Director of the Industrial Department 
of the Shantung Rehabilitation Com- 
mission. Upon the conclusion of this 
important mission, he was appointed 
Resident Director of Sino-Russian Ne- 
gotiations. Dr. Kung was closely 
associated with the late Dr. Sun 
Yat-sen. When Dr. Sun set up his 
military government at Canton, Dr. 
Kung became Commissioner of Finance 
of Kwangtung Province and concur- 
rently Minister of Industry of the 
Nationalist Government, and at one 
time also acting Minister of Finance. 
He was also a member of the Central 
Political Council of the Kuomintang. 



Upon the establishment of the National 
Government at Nanking in 1927, Dr. 
Kung was singled out to serve as the 
first Minister of Industry, Labor and 
Commerce. In 1930 when this Ministry 
and the Ministry of Mining and 
Agriculture were amalgamated into the 
Ministry of Industry, he became Minis- 
ter of the same. During this period 
he served concurrently as a member in 
many important organizations under the 
Government including the following: 
National Reconstruction Commission, 
Foreign Affairs Commission, National 
Famine Relief Commission, ■ National 
Capital Planning Commission, Foreign 
and Domestic Debt Consolidation Com- 
mission, State Council, Central Execu- 
tive Committee and Central Political 
Council of the Kuomintang. In 1932, 
Dr. Kung resigned from the Ministry 
of Industry and was appointed Special 
Industrial Commissioner of the National 
Government to Europe and America. 
Upon his return to China in 1933,. Dr. 
Kung was appointed Governor of the 
Central Bank of China; in November 
of the same year, he became Vice- 
President of the Executive Yuan and 
concurrently Minister of Finance. 
Aside from shouldering these heavy 
responsibilities, he is at present also 
a member of the Central Executive 
Committee and Central Political Council 
of the Kuomintang, member of the 
National Defence Commission, Standing 
Committee of the National Economic 
Council, Overseas Affairs Commission 
and National Commission on Aeronau- 
tical Affairs, as well as Chairman of 
the National River Conservancy Com- 
mission and the Yellow River Flood 
Relief Commission. In performing these 
various important public duties, Dr. 
Kung has brought to the fore his 
splendid qualities as a national _ leader, 
particularly his keen political insight, 
energetic executive ability, insistence on 
sound finance, emphasis on concrete, 
constructive action, and above all, deep 
concern over the people's problems. As 
Minister of Finance, he has taken upon 
himself the difficult task of rationalizing 
the tax burden of the people, the 
rehabilitation of rural economy, the 
freedom of trade and industry from 
harmful taxes, and particularly the 
centralizing and strengthening of the 
national fiscal and economic structure; 
and now he is struggling courageously 
and steadfastly to bring the country 
through the most acute stage of 
worldwide economic depression. These 
qualities and efforts have won him the 
support and confidence of both Chinese 
and foreigners. In fact, he is one of 
the few leaders known to have no 
political enemy. While serving in various 
public capacities, Dr. Kung has right 
along maintained many and varied 
interests in business and industry as 
well as in education and philanthropy. 
A born businessman and banker, true to 
the famed genius of his native province, 
he is the successful owner of a number 
of private firms and promoter of several 
industrial enterprises. Ever since the 
founding of the Oberlin-Shansi Memorial 
Schools some 28 years ago, he had 
served as President until four years ago 
when he became Honorary President, 
owing to the pressure of his duties with 
the Government. He is also the founder 
and chairman of the National Child 
Welfare Association of China, chairman 
of the Pan-Pacific Association of China, 
the Shanghai Medical Centre, Inter- 
Provincial Drouth Relief Association, 
Board of Managers of Yenching 
University and Cheeloo University, 
besides lending his support, financial 
and otherwise, to a number of other 
cultural and civic organizations. Ad- 
dress : Ministry of Finance, Nanking. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



129 




Madame H. H. Rung (Kung Soong Eling) 

ft, fc If * 

MADAME H. H. RUNG, nee Eling 
Soong, is the eldest daughter of the late 
Mr. and Mrs. K. T. Soong, well-known 
in Chinese business circles. She is the 
wife of Dr. H. H. Kung, Vice-President 
of the Executive Yuan and concurrently 
Minister of Finance, and is the sister of 
Madame Sun Yat-sen, Madame Chiang 
Kai-shek, Dr. T. V. Soong, , and T. L. 
Soong and T. A. Soong.. At an early 
age, Madame Kung i went to the United 
States to pursue i 'her studies and was 
graduated from the Wesleyan College 
of Georgia. She was the first Chinese 
woman to be sent by her parents to 
study in America, which bespeaks ner 1 
parents' foresight and ideals in giving 
high, modern education to China's 
womanhood. Her beautiful command of 
English makes it almost her second 
mother-tongue. A woman of rare in- 
tellect and great vitality, Madame Kung 
is counted among the foremost leaders 
in China's modern womanhood. She is 
one of the few who have the larger 
views of the affairs of China and the 
world, and is to-day helping in an 
important though quiet way in the re- 
construction of the nation. Her opinion 
is widely sought and highly respected 
by the leaders of the country. Yet, 
despite all this, she is a most unassuming 
and congenial character. Madame Kung 
has a large circle of friends both in 
China and abroad. A gracious hostess, 
she entertains generously at their home 
on Route de Sieyes, Shanghai, where 
many internationally known personages 
have enjoyed her hospitality. Yet, 
notwithstanding her position, she leads 
a very simple private life. Like her 
parents, Madame Kung is a follower 
of the Christian faith. Believing in 
the social application of Christian 
principles, she takes great interest in 
and contributes generously though often 
annonymously to Christian works. When 
the Apostalic Faith Mission Church in 
Chapei, originally built by her mother, 
was burned during the Sino-Japanese 
War in Shanghai, she undertook to 
rebuild it in memory of her mother. 
Madame Kung is the charming and 
devoted mother of four children, two 
boys and two girls. In spite of the 
demand on her time for social obliga- 
tions and other activities, she devotes 
much time and energy to the bringing 
up of her children. 



SHIANG-YUNG KUNG, river con- 
servancy worker and Government offi- 
cial ; born at Chufu, Shantung, 1889 ; 




Shiang-yung Kung (Kung Hslang-yung) 
*L # * 

was graduated from the Imperial 
College of Languages, Peking ; served 
successively as Director-General of 
the National Income Tax Bureau 
under the Ministry of Finance of the 
Peking Government ; advisor to the 
Supervisor's Office for the Puyang 
Section of the Yellow River Conservancy 
Work ; Director of the Yungting River 
Flood Relief Administration Bureau ; 
Director of the Yungting River Flood 
Prevention Service Station and head of 
its Dredging Station ; member of the 
Yangtsze River Commission under the 
Ministry of Communications and con- 
currently head of its General Affairs 
Department as well as member of the 
technical committee attached to it ; 
chief accountant of the Treasurer's 
Department of the China Merchants' 
Steam Navigation Company ; Head of 
the Business Department of the Hankow 
Bureau of Inspection and Testing of 
Commercial Commodities under the 
Ministry of Industry ; member of the 
National Flood Relief Commission ; 
member of the Technical Committee of 
the River Conservancy Work under the 
Ministry of Interior ; member of the 
Yellow River Commission ; now, he is 
holding the following posts : member of 
the National Yellow River Flood Relief 
Commission and General Supervisor as 
well as Director of the Engineering 
Department for labor relief work ; 
executive member of the Yellow River 
Flood Relief Funds Administration 
Commission and member of the Stand- 
ing Committee of the River Conserv- 
ancy Commission under the National 
Economic Council ; author of the follow- 
ing books : "Methods for the Conserv- 
ancy Work of the Yungting River" and 
"A Compilation of the Official Corres- 
pondences Relating to the National 
Income Tax Administration :" adress : 
c/o National Economic Council, Nan- 
king. 



KUNG TEH-PAI, journalist; born 
at Lushin district, Kiangsi, 1891 ; went 
to Japan in 1913, where he stayed for 
three years, devoting himself to the study 
of Japanese Affairs ; in the meantime, 
he also served as correspondent for 
the Shanghai Journal of Commerce and 
the Peking -Tientsin Times; following 
his return from Japan, he was made 
a member of the Chinese Delegation 
to the Washington Conference, after 
which he was appointed editor-in-chief 
of the National Diplomatic Review; 
founder and chief editor of the Ta Tung 
Evening News — an anti - communist 




Kung Teh-pai 

% fate 
organ in Peking ; editor of the Shun 
Poo in Shanghai, 1928 ; Commissioner of 
Foreign Affairs for Hunan ; now editor 
of a daily newspaper in Nanking ; au- 
thor of the following books : "The Truth 
About the Nishihara Loans," "Exposure 
of Japan's Schemes in China," "The 
Secret Diplomatic History of Japan's 
Encroachment on China," and "The 
Murder of Chang Tso-lin by the 
Japanese Government." 




Z. U. Kwauk (Kuo Chen-en) 

# * M, £ 4* JL 

Z. U. KWAUK, retired Government 
official ; born at Chowyang near Swatow, 
Kwangtung, April 18, 1884 ; entered 
St. John's College, Shanghai at eleven 
and was graduated in 1903 ; following 
graduation, he taught English at the 
Kiangnan Arsenal School in Shanghai; 
later became a master in the Shanghai 
Municipal Public School for Chinese; 
teacher of English and natural science 
at St. John's College, 1906-10 ; went to 
England in 1910 and entered Sheffield 
University, studying electrical and 
mechanical engineering and graduating 
from both courses in 1913 ; won first 
prizes in workshop practice, tool design, 
electric laboratory work, efficiency 
engineering during his three years in 
the University, etc. ; joined River Don 
Works of Messrs. Vickers and the 
Phoenix Works of Messrs. Steel. Peech 
& Tozer as student engineer : travelled 
extensively in England and U.S.A., 



130 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



visited chief iron and steel plants of 
the two countries in 1915 ; returned to 
China in the same year ; served as chief 
of the Engineering: Department of the 
Hanyang: Iron and Steel Works of the 
Han-Yeh-Ping Co., 1915-23 and was 
appointed engineer-in-chief and assistant 
superintendent of the Tayeh Works of 
the Han-Yeh-Ping Co., 1928 ; joined 
the Shanghai-Nanking and Shanghai- 
Hangchow-Ningpo Railways as district 
engineer to look after the district 
between Shanghai and Hangchow, 1925 
and did much to maintain the line in 
good and serviceable condition during 
the years of civil warfare, 1925-27 ; 
appointed director of the Shanghai 
Arsenal by the National Government at 
Nanking, 1929 and continued to serve 
in this capacity until August, 1931, 
when he was made managing director 
of the S.-N. Railway and S.-H.-N. 
Railway ; elected member of the Board 
of Directors for the Reorganization of 
the Peiping-Hankow Railway, April, 
1931 ; Director of the Central Mint, 
1932-38; director of the Hwa Yih 
Bank in Shanghai since 1933 ; is fond 
of outdoor life and rifle range practice; 
his hobbies are beeraising and collection 
of carvings. 




Seoul, representing Chinese Eastern 
Railway, 1929 ; last known address : 
Chinese Eastern Railway Administra- 
tion, Harbin. 




Kwo Chung-hsl (Kuo Chung-hsi) 

ft £11 

KWO CHUNG-HSI, railway official; 
born in Chihli, 1891 ; educated in North 
China Union Academy and Tientsin 
Anglo-Chinese College ; served as assis- 
tant traffic inspector of Peking-Mukden 
Railway, Tientsin District, 1916 ; trans- 
ferred to Chinese Eastern Railway as 
transportation inspector in the Inter- 
Allied Technical Board, 1920 ; sent to 
Canada to study railroading on 
Canadian Pacific Railway by the 
Ministry of Communications in 1921 ; 
proceeded to United States and Europe 
to study railway systems in 1923 ; upon 
return to China, became traffic inspector 
and acting assistant traffic manager 
of Peking-Mukden Railway ; appointed 
assistant general manager of Chinese 
Eastern Railway, 1925, and has been in 
that position up to date; in 1927, went 
to Europe as head of the Commercial 
and Industrial Delegation composed of 
members of Harbin General Chamber 
of Commerce, Oil Mills Association 
and the Bankers' Association, organized 
under the auspices of Chinese Eastern 
Railway; was delegated to attend the 
International Railway Conference held 
in Paris, 1928 ; appointed adviser to 
the Bureau of Sino-Russian Conference, 
Mukden ; attended the 8th Manchuria- 
Japan Through Traffic Conference at 



Kuo Chung-hslu 
& tt # ^ ^ ■£- 
KUO CHUNG-HSIU retired Govern- 
ment official ; born at Ting-hsien, Chihli, 
1874 ; was graduated from Waseda 
University in Japan, 1901 ; secretary 
to the Governor of Chihli ; after 
the outbreak of the 1911 Revolution, 
he represented the Chihli Provincial 
Assembly at Nanking and was later 
made member of the National Council 
there ; member of the Lower House of 
the Parliament, 1913 ; upon dissolution 
of the Parliament by Yuan Shih-kai, he 
was proscribed and fled to Shanghai, 
where he started two papers — The True 
Opinion and Chung Hwa Hsing Pao — 
against Yuan's monarchical movement ; 
upon the outbreak of the Yunnan 
Revolt under the leadership of Tsao Ao, 
he was appointed official representative 
for the revolutionary organization at 
Shanghai ; Minister of Agriculture and 
Commerce in Tuan Chi-jui's Cabinet 
and concurrently Director-General of 
the National Conservancy Bureau, 1916- 
17 ; resumed his seat in Parliament, 
1922 ; has been living in retirement 
since 1922. 




KUO FU-M1EN, railway official; 
born at Aigun, Heilungkiang, 1887; 
educated in Chinese schools in Man- 
churia ; after a long official career, he 
joined the Chinese Eastern Railway as 
a member of its board of directors and 
acting president of the same board in 
1930 ; president of the revision com- 
mittee of the C.E.R. Board, 1931 ; last 
•known address : C.E.R. Board Office, 
Harbin. 




Kuo Fu-mien 

*1* ii, $ 



Kuo Hsin-sung 

^^ H* .« £ £ *t * 

KUO HSIN-SUNG, Director-General 

of Posts ; born at Pingyang, Chekiang, 
1896 ; graduate in Economics of the 
Tokyo Imperial University, Japan, 1924 ; 
professor and head of the Department 
of Economics of the Chungshan Univer- 
sity at Canton and member of the 
Financial Readjustment Committee of 
the Ministry of Finance, 1926-28; 
counsellor to the Examination Yuan, 
member of the Examination Committee 
for the examination of Magistrates in 
Chekiang Province, member of the 
Examination Committee for Higher 
Civil Service of the National Govern- 
ment, professor at the Central Political 
Institute in Nanking 1928-80; head of 
the Department of Economics, later 
acting principal of the Law School and 
chief secretary of the National Central 
University, Nanking, 1931 ; Director of 
Department of Higher Education of the 
Ministry of Education, 1932 ; counsellor 
to the Ministry of Communications since 
winter 1932 ; now Director-General of 
Posts of the Ministry of Communica- 
tions ; address : Directorate-General of 
Posts, Post Office Building, Shanghai. 



Zing-yang Kuo (Kuo Jen-yuen) 
IP it i*. 
ZING-YANG KUO, university pre- 
sident ; native of Kwangtung ; born in 
Straits Settlements ; studied at Fuhtan 
University, Shanghai ; did research work 
in psychology at Columbia University, 
from which he was graduated ; professor 
of psychology and for a time acting 
president of Fuhtan University ; pro- 
fessor of psychology of the Chekiang 
National University, Hangchow, 1930 ; 
president of the same University since 
1931 ; given LL.D. degree by Fuhtan 
University, Oct. 1935 ; author of several 
books on psychology ; address : Chekiang 
University, Hangchow. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



131 




Kwok Loh (Kuo Loh) 

*f m 

KWOK LOH, business man; born 
at Chung-shan, Kwangtung ; managing 
director of the Wing On Cotton Mills 
at Shanghai ; co-managing-director of 
the Wing On Department Store, the 
Wing On Life Insurance Co., the Wing 
On Land and Investment Co., and 
is also in control of many other 
commercial and industrial enterprises 
with total assets of more than $40,000,000 
which enable him to carry on his 
businesses on a grand scale without 
financial handicaps : he has his office 
at the 5th floor of the Wing On 
Department Store, Nanking Road, 
Shanghai. 




Kuo Mo-jo 
* * # 

KUO MO- JO, novelist; born in 
Szechuen, 1887 ; studied literature in 
Japan and Germany ; engaged in 
journalistic work and was editor of the 
The Flood; author of many noted novels 
and satires and translator of Goethe's 
"Die Leiden des Jungen Werthers" ; 
participated in the 1926 Revolution and 
was appointed director of the political 
training department of the Nationalist 
Headquarters, 1926-27 ; wrote articles 
attacking Gen. Chiang Kai-shek and 
was ordered to be arrested by the Nan- 
king Government, 1927 ; he is now living 
in Japan. 



Kwok Bew (Kuo Piao) 

tp & 

KWOK BEW (KUO PAIO), mer- 
chant and mint director. Deceased 
(1868-193S). 

(See Page 220, 4th Edition). 



P. W. KUO, banker and retired 
university president ; born at Shanghai, 
Kiangsu, 1880; attended the Lowrie 
Institute, Shanghai, 1893-96 ; instructor 
of the same institute, 1896-97 ; was in 
the customs and postal services at 
Shanghai, Kashing and Hangchow, 
1897-1906; went to America in 
1906 ; studied science at the University 
of Wooster, receiving Ph. B. degree 
in 1911 ; attended Columbia Univer- 
sity specializing in education and 
received M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in 
1912 and 1914 respectively (his doctoral 



P. W. Kuo (Kuo Ping-wen) 

IP Ml X $ to, % 

dissertation being "Chinese System of 
Public Education" ; was also given 
diploma in education, Teachers' College, 
Columbia, 1914 ; during his academic 
years in America, he served at different 
times as editor-in-chief of the Chinese 
Student's Monthly (1908-09), editor of 
the Wooster Voice (1909-10), general 
secretary of the Chinese Students' 
Alliance (1911-12), elected to Phi Delta 
in 1912 and to Tause 1913 ; was awarded 
the Livingston Fellowship in education, 
Teachers' College, Columbia, 1912-13 ; 
returned to China, 1914 ; editor at the 
Commercial Press, Shanghai, 1914-15 ; 
dean of the Government Teachers' 
College, Nanking, 1915 ; president of 
the Lowrie Institute and also of the 
Chekiang Provincial College, 1916 ; 
chairman of the Educational Commis- 
sion to Japan and the Philippine Islands, 
1917 ; re-joined the Commercial Press as 
an editor and a director, 1917 ; President 
of the Government Teachers' College, 
Nanking, 1918 ; .adviser to the Military 
Governor of Kiangsu, 1917-18 ; chair- 
man of the Educational Mission to 
Europe and America to study post-war 
educational problems, 1916 ; President 
of the Southeastern Government Univer- 
sity, Nanking, 1922-25 ; member of the 
National educational sinking funds 
commission, 1923 ; elected vice-chairman 
of the World Federation of Educational 
Associations, 1926 ; visited America in 
1930 ; director of the Foreign Trade 
Bureau of the Ministry of Industry 
1931 ; general secretary of the China 
Institute of Foreign Relations at 
Shanghai, since 1932 ; managing director 
of the Ta Hwa Trading Corporation 
since 1932 ; managing director of the 
Shanghai Trust Company, since 1984 ; 
address : Shanghai Trust Company, 190 
Peking Road, Shanghai. 




Kuo Shao-isuno 

t- m k . ♦ * # 

Chekiang and Yunnan provinces ; he is 
at present Inspector of salt revenues of 
Chwanpei ; decorated as Chevalier 
of the Order of Leopold (Belgium) for 
his part in securing the release of 
Belgian Catholic priests from bandits ; 
address : Inspectorate of Salt Revenue, 
San-tai, North Szechuan. 



KUO SHAO-TSUNG, salt official; 
born at Peking in 1898, though his 
native province is Shantung ; received 
his Chinese education under a private 
tutor and later attended Union Medical 
College, Peking; joined the Salt 
Gabelle in 1917 and served in the Salt 
Gabelle in Peking for six years and 
was subsequently stationed in Kiangsu, 




Quo Tai-chi (Kuo Tai-chl) 

$P &** f * ™ 
QUO TAI-CHI, Chinese Ambassador 
to Great Britain ; born at Kwang-tsi, 
Hupeh in 1888 ; studied under his father ; 
subsequently at Wuchang 1903-04 ; sent 
to the United States as a Government 
student in 1904 and studied at Eastham- 
pton High School and Willeston Semin- 
ary, Massachusetts, 1905-08 ; University 
of Pennsylvania 1908-11, graduated B.S. 
in Political Science; Phi Beta Kappa; 
editor "The Pennsylvanian" ; returned 
to China March 1912 ; secretary to 
Vice-President, subsequently President 
of Republic, General Li Yuan-hung, 
1912-17 ; concurrently counsellor Wai- 
chiaopu 1916-17 ; resigned posts after 
Tuchun Rebellion, 1917, and became 
secretary to President Sun Yat-sen 
when he established the Constitutional 
Government in 1917 at Canton ; sent as 
a member of the Special Commission to 
the United States by the Constitutional 
Government, 1918 ; technical delegate, 
Paris Peace Conference, 1919 ; Counsellor 
to Dr. Sun Yat-sen and chief of 
Publicity Bureau, President's Office, 



132 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



1921-22 ; chief of Political Department 
of Kwangtung Provincial Government 
under Dr. Wu Ting-fang's governorship, 
1922 ; Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs, 
Canton, 1923-24 ; President, National 
Wuchang Commercial University, 1925- 
26; Commissioner for Foreign Affairs, 
Shanghai, and concurrently Vice-Minis- 
ter for Foreign Affairs and for a time 
Acting Minister for Foreign Affairs, 
1927-28 ; Member of Legislative Yuan, 
1928-30 ; appointed Minister to Rome, 
1929, but did not assume post ; member 
of the Foreign Relations Commission, 
1932 ; Political Vice-Minister for Foreign 
Affairs and chief delegate to the 
Shanghai Armistice negotiations for the 
cessation of hostilities and withdrawal 
of the Japanese troops, 1932 ; Minister 
to Great Britain, 1932-35 ; promoted 
the first Chinese Ambassador to Great 
Britain, summer of 1935 ; delegate to 
the 13th and the 14th Assemblies and 
the Special Assembly of the League of 
Nations, 1932 and 1933 ; delegate to the 
Disarmament Conference and the World 
Economic and Monetary Conference, 
1933 ; representative on the League 
Council and First Delegate to the 15th 
Assembly of the League of Nations, 
1934 ; address : Chinese Embassy, London, 
England. 




Quo Tai-tsing Kuo Tai-tseng) 

IP 4 & 
QUO TAI-TSING; Government offi- 
cial ; born at Wusueh, Hupeh, 1899 ; 
after receiving his preliminary educa- 
tion in the Preparatory Department of 
Nanyang College, Shanghai, he went 
to America for higher education, at the 
same time, acting as Secretary to the 
Delegate of Kuomintang to the Washing- 
ton Conference, 1921 ; held a scholarship 
from Nanyang Brothers' Tobacco Co. to 
America, and studied at the University 
of Pennsylvania 1921-25, graduating 
with B.S. degree ; took graduate course 
in Finance, New York University, and 
completed the work for M.B.A. degree 
1926 ; upon his return to China, Aug. 
1926, he joined the National Government 
in Hankow as Secretary of the Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs ; appointed Com- 
missioner for Foreign Affairs for 
Anhwei- Province in March, 1927, and 
in July of the same year, was appointed 
concurrently Superintendent of Customs 
and Director of the Surtax Bureau at 
Wuhu ; during his tenure of office as 
Superintendent, he caused the removal 
of a Commissioner of Customs owing 
to the letter's unfaithfulness to service; 
attended the National Finance Confer- 
ence in July, 1928; resigned from the 
three foregoing posts in Nov., J 928, 
and joined the Ministry of Foreign 



Affairs as member of the Treaty Com- 
mission, 1928-31 ; after the Tsinan 
Incident and in the spring 1929, he was 
sent to assist in the taking-over of 
Tsinan and concurrently advisor on 
Foreign Affairs to Shantung Provincial 
Government 1929-30 ; associate Director 
and acting Director of the Shanghai 
Office of the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs before he came to Hankow in 
March, 1932, as Director of the Munici- 
pal Bureau of the Special District No. 
3 of Hankow (Sino-British) , Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs, which post he has 
since held : he is now also managing 
director of the Hankow Herald in Han- 
kow ; address : S.A.D. No. 3, Hankow. 





T. W. Kwok (Kuo Teh-hua) 

*P 44 #■ 

T. W. KWOK, Government official; 
native of Canton, Kwangtung ; born 
March 20, 1901 ; B.A. University of 
Washington, U.S.A. ; M.A. Harvard 
University, U.S.A. ; Research Certi- 
ficate, Cambridge University, England ; 
professor of History and Political 
Science, and Dean, China National 
Institute, Woosung Forts ; Secretary, 
Bureau of Foreign Affairs for Kiangsu, 
1927 ; Chief of General Affairs Division, 
Bureau of Foreign Affairs ; Chef du 
Proctocol and Chief Secretary, Bureau 
of Foreign Affairs for Kiangsu, 1928-29 ; 
in charge of the Bureau of Foreign 
Affairs for Kiangsu, 1928 ; Counsellor of 
the 26th Aimy; concurrently Counsellor, 
Shanghai Woosung Garrison Head- 
quarters since 1928 ; Chinese Secretary, 
Whangpoo Conservancy Board since 
1928 ; Secretary, Ministry of Finance, 
1930 ; Secretary and Chief of the 
Publicity Section of the National Flood 
Relief Commission ; Secretary, Ministry 
for Foreign Affairs ; Advisor, 19th 
Route Army, 1932 ; Member of the 
Chinese Delegation to the Armistice 
Conference, Shanghai, 1932 ; Chinese 
Delegate to the Military Sub-committee, 
Armistice Conference, Shanghai, 1332 ; 
Commissioner of the Commission for 
the Re-establishment of Control of the 
Evacuated Areas, Shanghai ; member 
Foreign Relations Commission, Ministry 
for Foreign Affairs ; member of the 
Preparatory Committee of the National 
Economic Council ; Counsellor of the 
Executive Yuan ; Secretary of the 
National Economic Council ; member of 
the Sericulture Improvement Commis- 
sion, N.E.C. ; author of "History of 
the Beginnings of the Idea of 
Sovereignty with Emphasis on Jean 
Bodin" ; address: c/o National 
Economic Council, Nanking; or 1162 
Ave. Joffre, Shanghai. 



JAMES T. KUO, medical officer; 
born at Foochow, Fukien, 1894 ; re- 
ceived his primary education under 
private tutors ; studied at the Normal 
Middle School at Foochow, graduating 
in 1911 ; studied English at the Foochow 
Y.M.C.A. School 1912-25 ; later, attended 
the Medical College of Fukien Christian 
University and was graduated in 1920 
with M.D. degree; after graduation, 
he served at the Soochow Hospital 
for several years ; then he went to 
Peking and joined the Peking Union 
Medical College ; appointed a Chinese 
Medical Officer by the Shanghai Muni- 
cipal Council in charge successively of 
the Indian Police Hospital, the Chinese 
Police Hospital, and the Municipal 
Isolation Hospital, 1924 ; was granted 
long leave by the Council and dis- 
patched to England to study tropical 
diseases and public health administration 
in the Liverpool Medical Institute, 1931 ; 
address : The Municipal Isolation Hos- 
pital, 41 Range Road, Shanghai.. 




Kwok Thin-yu (Kuo Tten-ju) 
IP A.*r 

KWOK THIN-YU, insurance busi- 
ness man ; born at Fanyu, Kwangtung, 
1881 ; Chief Agent for the China United 
Assurance Society, Ltd., for Dutch East 
Indies, and also Agent for the Agricul- 
tural Insurance Company of Watertown, 
New York, for Java ; President of the 
Central Comite , Fonds Roode-Kruis 
Tiongkok (Central Committee of the 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



133 



Chinese Red Cross) at Batavia and also 
Honorary Treasurer of the Chinese 
Chamber of Commerce at Batavia ; 
President of the Kwong Siauw Hwee 
Kwan (Cantonese Society), Batavia; an 
enthusiastic worker in public welfare 
works and charitable causes ; address : 
19 Asemka, Batavia, Java ; residence 
address: 81, Prinsenlaan, Batavia, Java. 





T. C. Kuoh (Km Tse-chl) 
IM'1 * 3F -fr >» 

T. C. KUOH, consular official; born 
at Foochow, Fukien ; was graduated 
from the Wucheng School in Nanking, 
Law College and the Tientsin New 
Learning Institute ; served in the War 
and Interior Affairs Departments under 
the Manchu regime ; from 1913-20, he 
was successively chancellor of the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs, interpreter 
in the Secretariat of the Senate and 
member of the Investigation Committee 
of the National Wine and Tobacco 
Taxes Administration ; Consul of the 
Chinese Consulate in Nagasaki, Japan, 
1920-27; Consul of the Chinese Con- 
sulate, Sourabaya, Java, since 1928 ; 
address : Chinese Consulate, Sourabaya, 
Java. 



Kuo Tsi-yun 

IP »] >!■ 

KUO TSI-YUN, official. 
(See Page 223, 4th Edition). 



KUO WEI-PAI, Government offi- 
cial ; born at Lichwan, Kiangsi, 1901 ; 
B.A. Peking Government Teachers' 
College, 1922 ; lecturer. National Kwang- 
tung University, Canton, 1922-24 ; chief, 
Secretariat Division, and concurrently 
secretary. Young Men's Department, 
Central Kuomintang Execuctive Com- 
mittee, 1924-26 ; Editor-in-Chief, Young 
China Morning Post, San Francisco, 
1926; M.A. in Political Science, Colum- 
bia University, 1927 ; J.S.D. New York 
University. 1930 ; lecturer, National 
Normal University, Peiping, 1930-31 ; 
member, Planning Committee of Ex- 
traordinary Convention, Central Kuo- 
mintang Executive Committee, 1931 ; 
professor, School of Law, Sun Yat-Sen 
University, Canton, 1931-32 ; chief. 
General Affiairs Department, Bureau of 
Foreign Trade, Ministry of Industry ; 
member, China Commission, Inter- 
national Exposition, Chicago, 1932-34 ; 
now, Vice-Director, Bureau of Foreign 
Trade, Ministry of Industry ; member, 



Kuo Wei-pai 
IP A & 

Commercial Treaty Commission, 

Ministry of Industry ; Managing Direct- 
or, The Nation Monthly Association ; 
author of "Comparative Study of 
Constitutions", "War-time International 
Law", "The Diplomacies of World's 
Powers", etc. ; address : Bureau of 
Foreign Trade, 1040 North Soochow 
Road, Shanghai. 




Kwo Yee-mino (Kuo Yi-mlno) 



IP # A, 



KWO YEE-MING, consular official; 
native of Shantung ; born at Chang- 
chung, Kirin in 1983 ; studied Chinese 
literature in his younger days, and at 
the age of twenty, after completing 
his middle school education, he went 
abroad to Japan studying economics at 
the Tokyo Imperial University, where 
he was graduated with the degree of 
Master in Economics at the age of 30 ; 
returned to China and served as the 
Dean of the College of Law, Kirin ; 
secretary to the Salt Commissioner of 
Manchuria ; diplomatic secretary at the 
Provincial Office, Mukden ; in 1925, he 
compiled the new History of Salt 
Taxation Law of the Three Eastern 
Provinces ; after the establishment of 
the National Government, he went to 
Nanking and became a secretary in the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs till 1932, 
when he was appointed Consul-General 
at Yokohama, address : Chinese Con- 
sulate General, Yokohama, Japan. 




Y. K. Kuo (Kuo Yun-kuan) 

$ f* H $ BQ * 

Y. K. KUO, judge and professor; 
born at Yu-Huan Hsien, Chekiang, 
1889; studied at tlie Fuhtan College, 
Shanghai, 1906-10 ; graduated from the 
Law Department of the National 
Peiyang University with LL.B. degree 
in 1915 ; passed the diplomatic and 
consular service examinations in 1916 ; 
sent by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 
to take post graduate studies on 
International Law and Diplomacy at 
Columbia University, New York, in 
1917 ; in 1919, he was appointed 
associate secretary to the Chinese 
Delegation to the Peace Conference at 
Paris; in 1920, member of the Law 
Codification Commission and concur- 
rently member of the Peace Treaty 
Discussion Commission and of the 
Extraterritoriality Discussion Commis- 
sion ; in March, 1921, secretary to Dr. 
Wang Chung-hui, the Chinese member 
of the Commission to study the pro- 
posals for the amendment of the League 
Covenant; and in September, 1921-22, 
technical expert to the Chinese Delega- 
tion to the League of Nations, and 
senior secretary to the Chinese Delega- 
tion to the Washington Conference ; 
1922-25, judge of the Supreme Court 
of China ; 1926-32, professor of civil 
law and jurisprudence, Yenching Uni- 
versity, Peiping; 1928, acting vice- 
President, same institution ; 1930-32, 
chairman, Department of Jurisprudence ; 
May-November 1932, counsellor. Minis- 
try of Judicial Administration ; Presi- 
dent, the District Court for the First 
Special Area in Shanghai, since 
November, 1932 ; given LL.D. degree 
by the Fuhtan University, Shanghai, 
Oct., 1935 ; address : The District Court 
for the First Special Area of Shanghai, 
North Chekiang Road, Shanghai. 



LAI LIEN, journalist and Govern- 
ment official ; native of Fukien ; born 
at Changsha, Hunan, 1900 : received his 
early education at the College of Yale- 
in-China, Changsha, Hunan ; went to 
the United States in 1919 for advanced 
education where he attended the 
University of Illinois and Cornell 
University, graduating with B.S. degree 
in 1923 and M.M.E. degree respectively ; 
editor of the Shingwali Daily News 
(Chinese) in Toronto, Canada and 
editor of Young China ( English ) , in 
U.S.A. ; returned to China in 1926 : 
since then, he has held the following 
posts : Instructor at the Whamgpoa 
Military Academy, chief secretary of 



134 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Lai Lien 



4ft it 

the Political Department of the Head- 
quarters of the Commander-in-Chief 
of the Revolutionary Army at Canton, 
engineer and director of General 
Affairs Department of the Shanghai 
Arsenal Works, Editor-in-Chief of the 
Chin Pao, Nanking, professor of the 
Central Political Institute and Associate 
Professor of the Central University, 
Nanking ; member of the Examination 
Commission, Examination Yuan of the 
National Government, member of the 
Executive Committee of the Nanking 
Special District Party Headquarters and 
concurrently director of its publicity 
department ; editor-in-chief of the 
Central Daily News, Nanking ; Com- 
missioner of Finance of Nanking ; 
Secretary-General of the Municipality 
of Nanking, which post he recently 
resigned ; now chief secretary of the 
Lienyunkang Harbor Administration ; 
address : Lienyunkang Harbor Ad- 
ministration, Haichow, Kiangsu. 



K. K. Lan (Lan C.'iltn-chu) 
& A « $ % ih 
K. K. LAN (Lan Chien-chu), Naval 
officer. 

(See Page 224, 4th Edition). 




Lan Hslang-heng 



LAN HSIANG-HENG, radio equip- 
ment manufacturer ; born at Chengtu, 
Szechuen, 1907 ; was graduated from the 
Shanghai-Woosung Radio Engineering 
College ; chief operator of the radio 
station of the Ministry of Communica- 
tions, Nanking, 1928 ; assistant radio- 
engineer of the National Reconstruction 
Commission, Nanking ; organised the 
China Electric Engineering Association 
at Moulmein Road, Shanghai, engaged 
in the manufacture of radio outfits ; 
proprietor of the Chien Wah Electric 
Radio Supply Co., Shanghai; address: 
393 Avenue Foch, Shanghai. 



Lan Kung-wu 

JE 2* 3. £ & Jt 

LAN KUNG-WU, journalist 
retired M.P. Deceased. 

(See page 224, 4th Edition). 



and 



Loo Chih-chang 

% *~ f > ^ £ 

LAO CHIH-CHANG, official. 
(See Page 225, 4th Edition). 




Ginarn Lo (Lao Ching-an) 

# -& * 
GINARN LO, banker; native of 
Kwangtung ; born at Shanghai, 1893 ; 
was educated at St. John's Univer- 
sity and Nanyang College, Shanghai, 
1913 ; studied engineering at Lehigh 
and New York Universities, U.S.A. ; 
Yangtsze Trading Co., Hankow, and 
was sent back to America in 1919 as 
representative of the Company to sell 
wood oil for the firm ; secretary of the 
Chinese delegation to the International 
Red Cross Conference held at Geneva, 
Switzerland, 1920; joined the Bank of 
Canton, 1921 ; appointed New York 
agent of the bank to open an office 
there, 1921-22 ; secretary of the foreign 
department at the head office of the 
Bank at Canton, 1922 ; assistant 
manager of the exchange department of 
the Shanghai office of the Bank, since 
1923 ; last known address : c/o Bank 
of Canton, Kiangsi Road, Shanghai. 




Lo Klng-kee (Lao Nien-tsu) 

# &*fl. ^ &#- 

LO KING-KEE, merchant; born at 
Canton, Kwangtung, 1863 ; came to 
Shanghai at age of 13 to join Messrs. 
Reiss & Co. ; appointed general com- 
pradore of the Company, 1905 ; member 
of the executive committee of the 
Chinese General Chamber of Commerce, 
Shanghai, since 1911 ; superintendent 
of the Bank of Canton ; director and 
treasurer of the China National Sugar 
Refining Co., member of the committee 
of the Shanghai Fire and Marine 
Insurance Co., member of the board 
of directors of the Nanyang Brothers' 
Tobacco Co., the Sincere Co., and 
M. Y. San Co. ; Chinese delegate to the 
International Red Cross Conference at 
Geneva, Switzerland, 1920 : a philan- 
thropist and contributor to charitable 
institutions ; adviser to the Ministry 
of Agriculture and Commerce, Peking; 
now, member of the Supervisory Com- 
mittee of the Chinese General Chamber 
of Commerce, Shanghai and director 
of the Nanyang Brothers' Tobacco Co. ; 
address : Nanyang Brothers' Tobacco 
Co., Avenue Edward VII, Shanghai. 




Lei Cheng 

t t. 
LEI CHENG, Government official; 
born at Changhsin, Chekiang, 1896 ; 
graduate of the Law College of Japanese 
Imperial University at Tokyo with 
LL.B. degree and research fellow of the 
Graduate School of the University, 
specializing in constitutional law ; prin- 
cipal of the 3rd Provincial Middle 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



135 



School of Chekiang ; compiler of the 
Law Drafting Bureau of the National 
■Government ; professor of the Central 
University; instructor of the Central 
Military Academy, Nanking ; compiler 
of the Examination Yuan of National 
Government ; secretary of the Ministry 
of Personnel Selection of the Examina- 
tion Yuan ; member of the Executive 
Committee of the Special District Party 
Headquarters of Nanking and concur- 
rently chief secretary of the committee ; 
now, director of Administrative Affairs 
Department of the Ministry of Education 
and concurrently member of Standing 
Committee of the Executive Committee 
of the Special District Party Headquar- 
ters of Nanking ; author of "Studies of 
the Three People's Principles," and 
'"Reforms of the Existing Adminstrative 
Organization" ; address : Administrative 
Affairs Department, Ministry of Educa- 
tion, Nanking. 




Blnnan P. Louis (Lei Pei-hung) 

t *F ^ £ $ & 

BINNAN P. LOUIS, Government 
official ; born at Nanning, Kwangsi, 
1888 ; passed the literary examinations 
under the Manchu regime ; joined the 
revolutionary movement under Dr. Sun 
Yat-sen at an early age ; went to 
Peking to study, 1909 ; later, proceeded 
to Europe and America for higher 
education, majoring in political science 
at Oberlin and Harvard Universities ; 
while in America, he was a member 
of the editorial staff of the Chinese 
Students' Monthly and was active in 
promoting the "Work and Study" 
movement among Chinese students ab- 
road ; returned to China in 1921 and 
was appointed head of the educational 
department of Kwangsi Province; 
served as member of the educational 
commission of Kwangtung and was 
sent to the Philippine Islands to study 
the educational system there ; upon his 
return to China, he was appointed dean 
of the senior high school of Chi-Nan 
University at Shanghai ; was sent by the 
Chinese Government to investigate 
conditions among the overseas Chinese 
living in the South Seas Islands, 1925 ; 
appointed Commissionner of Education 
of Kwangsi province in 1926 and 
assisted in the establishment of several 
girls' normal schools and also the 
Kwangsi University; travelled to the 
South Seas and Europe soliciting funds 
for the support of Kwangsi University, 
1928 ; now member of the Kwangsi 
Provincial Government and concurrently 
Commissioner of Education ; address : 
Department of Education, Kwangsi Pro- 
vincial Government, Nanning, Kwangsi. 




Lei Yin 



LEI YIN, Government official; born 
at Nanning, Kwangsi 1887 ; studied in 
the College of Law of Kwangsi and 
graduated from the Tokyo Law College 
in Japan, 1911 ; participated in the 
first Revolution, 1911 ; elected chairman 
of Kwangsi Provincial Assembly, 1912 ; 
joined the second Revolution against 
Yuan Shih-kai'a attempt to crown 
himself, 1916 ; ' served as Taoyin of 
Tien Nan Tao and later Tao-yin of 
Kweiling, Kwangsi, 1917-21 ; senator of 
Peking Parliament and concurrently 
member of the Constitution Drafting 
Committee, 1922-24 ; president of the 
Republican University at Peking and 
later President of College of Law at 
Harbin, 1924-28 ; was engaged in 
reclamation work in the Three Eastern 
Provinces 1926-31 and more than 30,000 
acres of land had been reclaimed and 
made productive ; in the meantime, he 
made a special study of the economic 
and diplomatic problems in Manchuria ; 
editor of The Chinese Eastern Railway 
Economic Monthly and Semi-monthly 
1929-31 ; member and concurrently Com- 
missioner of Civil Affairs of Kwangsi 
Provincial Government, since 1932 ; 
author of "The Problems of Chinese 
Eastern Railway," "The Manchurian 
Problem," and "The Cause of the World 
War" ; address : Kwangsi Provincial 
Government, Nanning, Kwangsi. 



JUWAN USANG LY, university 
president ; born at Namhoi, Kwangtung 
in 1888 ; received his early education at 
the New Youth School, Kwengchow 
Fu High School and Liang-Kwang 
Academy ; received a partial Tsinghua 
scholarship and a Kwangtung provincial 
scholarship ; went to America and 
received a B.C.S. degree from New 
York University and a B.S. degree 
from Haverford College; he also 
attended Columbia University, the 
University of Pennsylvania, Massachu- 
setts Agricultural College and George 
Washington University; after finishing 
his education he was a Chinese Govern- 
ment research fellow at the Library of 
Congress and later an assistant at the 
Dupont National Bank, Washington, 
D.C. ; returned .to China and was 
manager of the Industrial and Com- 
mercial Bank at Hongkong, 1921-22 ; 
chief of division on commerce and 
industry of Kwangtung Provincial 
Economic Research Bureau, 1922 ; acting 
manager of the Chinese Merchants 
Bank, Ltd., Canton, 1922-23; member 
of Canton Municipality 1921 ; director 
of the Hongkong Y.M.C.A... 1921-22; 




Juwan Usang Ly (LI Chao-kuan) 

& * * £ * & 

toured the world studying city govern- 
ment, 1923-26 ; lectured on applied 
economics at the China National 
Institute, 1925-26; chief of the 
Kwangtung Bureau of Navigation and 
managing director of the Canton- 
Kowloon Railway, 1926 ; Director of 
Railways in the Nationalist Ministry 
of Communications ; 1926-27 ; toured the 
world with the Chinese Nationalist 
Economic and Political Mission, 1928, 
after which he was appointed counsellor 
to and later vice-Minister of the Ministry 
of Railways at Nanking ; President of 
Chiaotung University, Shanghai, since 
1930; author: "Dr. Sun Yat-sen and 
China," "The Question of the Hour" 
and "An Economic Interpretation of the 
Increase of Bandits in China" as well 
as newspaper and magazine articles ; 
life member, Science Society (China) ; 
address : Chiaotung University, Zi-ka- 
wei, Shanghai. 




Luther C. S. Li (LI Chao-mln) 

4- & &. 5 & & 
LUTHER C. S. LI, Christian worker, 
professor and editor; born at Sinhua, 
Hunan, March 1, 1888; was graduated 
from the Government Law School in 
Yunnan and the Union Lutheran 
Theological Seminary in Hupeh ; served 
as a judge in the High Court of Yunnan, 
1910 ; chief-of-staff and commissary to 
the Revolutionary Army in Yunnan, 
1912 ; principal of Taohwalun Middle 
School, Yiyang, Hunan; taught at the 



136 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



Lutheran Theological Seminary, Hopeh 
and the Nanking Theological Seminary, 
Nanking and the Customs College, 
Shanghai; editor of the Lutheran 
Weekly and of the Shining Light 
published by the Christian Literature 
Society, 1918-28; one of the commen- 
tators oh the new commentaries of 
the New Testament of the Christian 
Literature Society; assisted Dr. Donald 
MacGillivary in writing "New Com- 
mentaries on the Gospel of St. Matthew 
and St. John" ; professor of philosophy, 
religion, law, and Chinese Literature 
at Soochow University, 1931-33 ; 
now, acting head and professor of 
the Chinese Department at Fukien 
Christian University, Foochow, Fukien ; 
author of "The Problems of the Home 
in Changing China," "The -Essence of 
Christianity," "The Practical Life," 
"The teaching of Christ," "Students' 
General Introduction to the ^ .New 
Testament," "Commentaries on jEpistle 
of St. James and Galatians," "The 
History of Chinese Philosophy," and 
a collection of Essays of Chinese 
Literature and Criticism for Students ; 
address: Fukien Christian University, 
Foochow, Fukien, China. 




entitled "The Summation Method in 
Fitting Parabolic Curves and Calculat- 
ing Linear and Curvilinear Correlation 
Co-efficients on a Scater-Diagram," 
published by the Journal of American 
Statistical Association, December, 1934 ; 
address: Bank of China, 50. Hankow 
Road, Shanghai. 




LI Chen-nan 
4 tf. ft 

LI CHEN - NAN, economist and 
banker ; born in Paoking, Hunan, 1898 ; 
received B.A. from the College of 
Yale-in-China, Changsha, 1921 ; taught 
at Yale-in-China, 1921-24 ; went to 
U.S.A. in 1924 ; received M. A. from 
Yale University, 1926 and Ph.D. from 
the same institution, 1927 ; winner of 
a Sterling fellowship and the first prize 
of an essay contest on personal obser- 
vations of industrial relations at the 
Ford _ plants ; in 1929, served as* 
statistician on the economic research 
staff of General Motors Corporation, 
Detroit, Michigan, U.S.A. ; in 1930 
joined the Standard Statistics Company 
in New York City and from 1930 to 
1934 was director of the Division of 
Economic Studies of the Company's 
Research Department ; returned to 
China in December, 1934 and upon his 
arrival in Shanghai, joined the Bank 
of China as assistant to the General 
Manager and associate director of the 
Research Department ; author of two 
text books entitled "The Essentials of 
English Grammar Taught by the In- 
ductive Method" and "Sentence 
Analysis and Diagram," (published in 
1924 by the Commercial Press) and of 
many articles on economic and financial 
subjects appearing in standard pub- 
lications ; his latest contribution to the 
literature of economic measurements is 



Lee Tsung-china (Li Cheng-chlng) 

4 # & 9 SL Pf 
LEE TSUNG-CHING, merchant; 
born at Ningpo, Chekiang, 1878 ; was 
graduated from the Anglo-Chinese 
College, Shanghai ; compradore of 
Siemssen & Co., Tientsin, 1903-05 ; 
compradore of Rousseau & Co., Tientsin, 
1908 ; co-promoter and Chinese manager 
of the American Trading Co., Tientsin, 
1910 ; at the same time, he also 
held the compradoreship of Fearon, 
Daniel & Co., Tientsin, for three years ; 
organised the Tientsin office of the 
San Peh Steam Navigation Co., of 
which he has been manager, since 1917 ; 
concurrently, he held at different times 
the posts of manager of the Tientsin 
office of the Industrial Development 
Bank of China and manager of the 
China-American Trading Co. ; served 
for ten years as a director of the 
Chekiang provincial guild, Tientsin 
and one of founders of the Chekiang 
School, Tientsin ; last known address : 
153 Parkes Road, Tientsin. 




Li Chai-sum (Li Chi-shen) 

4 *f •# % a m 

in the revolt of the Kwangsi faction 
in Wuhan - against the Nationalist 
Government, 1928 ; enforced residence 
in Nanking, 1928-29 ; pardoned in 1931 ; 
InspectbwGeneral of Military Training, 
1932-33 ; .played a leading part iij the 
Fukien Independence Movement, 1933-34 
and was Chairman of the "People's 
Government" in Foochow ;• was again 
relieved of all his posts by the National 
Government and expelled from the 
Kuomintang ; he has been living in 
retirement since the collapse of the 
Independence Movement. 



LI CHAI-SUM, retired Government 
official ; born at Chang-wu, Kwangsi, 
1886 ; attended the Kwangtung Military 
Academy and was latter graduated 
from the Military College of Peking ; 
participated in the 1911 Revolution 
and served as chief -of -staff • to the 
22nd division of the Revolutionary 
Forces ; chief -of -staff to the 1st division 
of Kwangtung Army, 1921 ; assisted 
Dr. Sun Yat-sen in defeating Chen 
Chiun-ming (who then rebelled against 
Dr. Sun's Government), 1924; defence 
commissioner of Wuchow, Kwangsi, 
1924 ; Commander "of the 4th Revolu- 
tionary Army, 1924 ; suppressed the 
"Peasant-labor Uprising" in Tungkiang, 
Kwangtung, 1927 ; Commander of the 
8th Route Revolutionary Army, Chief- 
of-Staff to the Headquarters of the 
Nationalist Revolutionary Forces and 
Chairman of the Canton Division of 
the Central Political Council, 1928 ; 
member of the Central Executive 
Committee of Kuomintang and of the 
Central Political Council at Nanking, 
1927-28; State Councillor and Chief 
of General Staff of the National 
Government, 1928 ; was relieved of all 
his posts on account of his implication 



Li Ghing-iin 

4 * #• f # $ 

LI CHING-LIN, Army officer. 
(See Page 229, 4th Edition) 




Frank W. Chinglun Lee (Li Ching-lun) 

4#? * 

FRANK W. CHINGLUN LEE, 

diplomatic official ; born dn New York 
City in 1884 of Cantonese parentage ; 
educated in the public schools of 
New York City, New York Univer- 
sity and the University of Chicago; 
returned to China in 1906 and 
engaged in educational work and 
studied Chinese until 1911 ; division 
head in the Bureau of Foreign Affairs 
at Canton, 1911-13 ; exiled with other 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



137 



Kuomintang members, 1914-17 ; secre- 
tary to Dr. Sun Yat-sen, 1917; chief 
of the political department in the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Military 
Government) at Canton, 1918-20 ; 
Commissioner of Foreign Affairs and 
concurrently Superintendent of Customs, 
1920-22 ; professor of political science 
and history at Shanghai College, 1922- 
27 ; chief of the political department 
in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 
of the National Government, 1927 ; 
representative of the National Govern- 
ment in the United States, 1927; 
councillor in the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, 1928 ; delegate from China to 
the Permanent Court of Arbitration, 
1928 ; appointed Minister to Mexico in 
November, 1928 ; Political Vice-Minister 
and later acting Minister, 1929-31 ; 
Minister to Poland and Czechoslovakia, 
since 1933 ; address : Chinese Legation, 
Warsaw, Poland. 





T. M. Li (Li Ching-mao) 

4# * 

T. M. LI, physician; native of 
Kwangtung; born in Honolulu in 1884; 
studied at Oahu College, Honolulu, 
1898-1902; and at St. John's Univer- 
sity, Shanghai, 1902-07, where he 
graduated in medicine; went to the 
United States in June 1907 and for 
two years, studied medicine at the 
University of Pennsylvania, where he 
was awarded the Frederick Packard 
prize for proficiency in clinical medicine 
and graduated with M.D. in 1909 ; 
returned to China in August 1909 and 
joined the University Medical School 
at Canton, where he remained until 
1913 ; physician-in-charge of the Hunan 
Red Cross Hospital, 1913-14; visited 
America in 1915 and studied at the 
Philadelphia Polyclinic Hospital and 
College for Graduates of Medicine in 
ophthalmology in 1915 ; later worked 
under Prof, de Schwenitz of the 
University of Pennsylvania for a year ; 
returned to China, 1916 and became 
a member of the Red Cross Hospital 
of Shanghai for a brief period of time ; 
he joined the Peking Union Medical 
College, where he was connected with 
the Eye Department until the spring 
of 1927 when he was appointed 
visiting professor of ophthalmology to 
the St. John's Medical School for one 
year; in 1922-23, he did research and 
postgraduate work in Boston and in 
New York; since 1927 he has been 
practising in Shanghai, limiting his 
practice to ophthalmology ; address : 
133 Yuen Ming Yuen Road, Shanghai. 



Poy G. Lee, R. A. (Li Ching-pei) 

-f 4* * 

POY G. LEE, R. A., architect; born 
at New York City, U.S.A., Jan. 14, 
1900, of Cantonese parentage; attended 
Dewitt Clinton High School 1913-17, 
Pratt Institute 1917-20, Massachusetts 
Institute of Technology summer 1921, 
Columbia University 1922-23, completing 
Beaux Arts Institute work 1919-23 ; 
passed the University of the State 
of New York licence for registered 
architect 1923 ; employed in the offices 
of Murphy Mcgill & Hamlin Archts., 
J. F. Jackson Archt., and Ludlow & 
Peabody Archts., working on the Yen- 
ching University, New Jersey & Fassic 
Y.M.C.A. Buildings, John's Mansville 
28 story building, New York and Times 
Annex Buildings of 20 stories, respec- 
tively ; came to China for the Y.M.C.A. 
Building Bureau for China, Nov. 1923 
in association with A. Q. Adamson, 
director ; completed the following 
Y.M.C.A.'s in China ; Shanghai Foreign, 
Shanghai Na.vy, Changsha, Paoting, 
Tsinan, Nanking, Ningpo, Shanghai 
National Committee Building, Nan- 
chang, Chengtu, Foochow, Amoy, during 
the period o*^1923 to 1927; started his 
own practice in April, 1927 ; became 
associate architect to Y. C. Lu during 
the period of his illness, 1928 ; upon 
Lu's death in March, 1929, was 
entrusted by the respective Committees 
to finish up the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, 
Nanking, and the Sun Yat-sen Memorial 
Hall, Canton, 1929-30 ; chartered member 
of the Society of Chinese Architects, 
secretary and treasurer 1927-29, pre- 
sident 1930 ; handled the following work 
1927-30 : The Nantao Christian Institute, 
The Mary Farnham Girls School, the 
Frenchtown Shanghai Chinese Y.M.C.A. 
11 story Building, the National 
Y.M.C.A. Headquarters 8 story Building, 
Shanghai ; Huchow Isolation Hospital, 
Cantonese Guild Girls School, Shanghai ; 
Hangchow Power Plant; Central 
University — College of. Commerce, 
Kiangwan; Wuhan University, Wu- 
chang; Cantonese Baptist Church, 
Shanghai ; Capital Theatre, Nanking ; 
and the Shanghai Quarantine Station ; 
New Capital Theatre, Nanking ; Lingnan 
School, Shanghai ; Quarantine Station, 
Amoy. Changchow General Hospital, 
Changchow ; elected President, Society 
of Chinese Architects, 1936 ; address : 
349 Kiangse Road. 




Li Chlng- po 

4 # & 
LI CHING-PO, business man; born 
at Lanhsien, Chihli, 1889 ; educated in 
Hui Wen Academy, Lanhsien and the 
Y.M.C.A. School, Tientsin ; travelled 
over the world after completion of his 
studies ; for the past twenty years, he 
was connected successively with the 
Chinese Post Office, British American 
Tobacco Co. (China), Ltd., Standard 
Oil Co., Fu Chung Corporation at 
Tientsin ; now, manager of the American 
Food Products Co., Tientsin ; address : 
52 Tau Road, British Concession, 
Tientsin. 




Li Chino-tsai 

LI CHING-TSAI, Government offi- 
cial ; born at Ju-nan, Honan, 1890 ; 
was ' graduated from the school of 
architecture of Michigan University 
with B.Sc. degree ; president of the 
Mining College, Tsiao-Tso, Honan ; 
president of the Chung Chow Univer- 
sity, Kaifeng ; member of the Honan 
Provincial Government and concurrently 
president of Honan University, Kaifeng ; 
address : Honan Provincial Government, 
Kaifeng, Honan. 



MISS LI CHIU-CHUN, artist; born 
at Shanghai, 1900 ; studied fine arts 
in China and France ; member of the 
committee ' of the National Arts 
Exhibition held by the Ministry of 



138 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Miss LI Chlu-chun 

4- && 

Education ; general secretary of _ the 
Sino-Japaneee Joint Arts Exhibition ; 
Attended the Centennial Celebration 
Exhibition of the National Independence 
of Belgium at Brusselles ; member of 
the Arts Research Committee of the 
Ministry of Education ; member of 
the Committee of the Chinese Arts 
Exhibition held at Paris, France : now, 
lecturer at Shanghai Fine Arts College 
and professor of the National Arts 
College and director of <the Arts 
Research Institute, Shanghai ; in 1933 
she contributed $50,000 toward the 
•establishment of the Art Museum at 
Shanghai ; address : 80 Carter Road, 
Shanghai. 



University, Shanghai ; appointed dean 
of the school of commerce at Futan 
in 1924 which position he still holds ; 
attended the National Financial Con- 
ference and Likin Abolition Conference 
1927 ; director of the Chinese 
Economic Society, 1927-34 ; attended the 
Second National Educational Conference 
and the National Industrial and Com- 
mercial Conference in 1930 ; appointed 
Professor of Economics and Director 
of the Section on Social Economics 
of Institute for Research of Chiao-tung 
University 1930-31 ; appointed Auditor 
of the Ministry of Audit by the National 
Government of China, 1931-32 ; Editor- 
in-Chief of the Quarterly Journal of 
Economics, published by the Chinese 
Economic Society, 1929-33; Editor-in- 
Chief of the Banker's Weekly, published 
by the Shanghai Bankers' Association, 
1934 ; attended the Second National 
Financial Conference, May 1934 ; author 
of "Principles of Business Economics" 
and "Business Statistics" in English ; 
in Chinese he has written "Outline of 
Chinese Economic Problems," "A Short 
History of Chinese Economic Thought," 
"The A. B. C. of Economics," "The 
A. B. C. of Public Finance," "Principles 
of Economics," "Commercial Policies," 
"The Business Cycle," "The Native 
Banks of Shanghai," "Outline of 
Economics," "Free Trade and Protec- 
tion" "A History of Inheritance Tax 
System," "The Value of Money," 
"Economic Essays," "Principles of 
Public Finance, Vol. I," "Business 
Administration," "Business Education" ; 
address : Futan University, Shanghai. 




LI Chuan-shih (LI Ch'uan-shih) 
4- 4ft * £ & £. 

LI CHUAN-SHIH, college professor; 
born at Chinghai, Chekiang in 1895 ; 
after receiving his early education in 
his native district, he attended Tsinghua 
College at Peking, from which he was 
graduated in 1918 ; while in college he 
was editor of the Tsing-hua Weekly 
and president of the College Confucian 
Association ; went to America and 
studied at Beloit College, Wisconsin, 
1918-20 and received his A.B. degree; 
received his M.A. degree from the 
University of Chicago in 1921 and 
his Ph.D. in 1922, his thesis being on 
"Central and Local Finance of China" ; 
returned to China and became professor 
of economics and commerce at Futan 




customs superintendent and commission- 
er of foreign affairs ; chief secretary to 
the Generalissimo of the National 
Revolutionary Army ; party represen- 
tative of the 21st Route Army Corps ; 
member of the Kiangsi Provisional 
Political Commission ; chief secretary of 
the Kuomintang Party Headquarters ; 
chief secretary of the plenary session of 
the Third Central Executive Committee ; 
chief secretary of the military dis- 
bandment conference of the National 
Revolutionary Army ; assistant director 
of the China National Aviation Corpora- 
tion ; chairman of the Yangtse River 
conservancy commission ; chairman of 
the reorganization commission of the 
Hanyang, Tayeh and Pinshiang Iron 
Works and Mining Company ; member 
of the Kweichow Provincial Government 
and concurrently director of the depart- 
ment of civil affairs ; vice-Minister 
of Communications and concurrently 
general-manager of the China Merchants 
Steam Navigation Company at Shang- 
hai, 1928-30 ; member of the Legislative 
Yuan, since 1933 ; member and con- 
currently Commissioner of Finance of 
the Kweichow Provincial Government 
1935, which posts he held for only 
a few months ; address : Legislative 
Yuan. Nanking. 



Li Chung-kung 



**. 



',v 



LI CHUNG-KUNG, Government 
official ; born in Kweichow, in 1891 ; 
member of the Kuomintang Party ; 
after graduation from the National Law 
College at Peking in 1918, he went to 
Japan to study political science for 
several years ; on his return to China 
in 1916, he participated in the Anti- 
Yuan Shih-kai movement, representing 
the Kweichow military leaders to solicit 
support of the Szechuen army in 
organising a revolutionary force to 
bring about the downfall of Yuan 
Shih-kai ; in 1924, he went to Canton 
to join the Nationalist Revolutionary 
Movement ; during and after the 
campaign, he held many important 
positions in the National Government, 
namely, chief secretary of the First 
Army Corps Headquarters and concur- 
rently chief secretary of the Bandit 
Suppression Commission in the East 
River district, Kwangtung-; Swatow 




Herbert Chung- tao Lee (Li Chung-tao) 

4 t it 
HERBERT CHUNG-TAO LEE, law- 
yer; born at Soochow, Kiangsu, April 
29, 1900 ; was graduated from the 
middle school of Nanyang College in 
1918, after which he went to Japan to 
study Japanese language and literature 
for one year ; studied law at the 
Comparative Law School of China 
1920-24; elected to the Phi Tau Phi 
Society; went to America and entered 
the University of Michigan, from which 
he received his LL.M. degree in 1925 ; 
studied political science and economics 
at Michigan until he entered North- 
western University, Chicago in 1926 ; 
received his J. D. degree from North- 
western in 1927, his thesis being on 
"The Progress and Present Condition 
of Codification and Law Reform in 
China;" returned to China in 1927 and 
for one term was instructor and proctor 
at the Chekiang Provincial Middle 
School No. 4 at Ningpo; he resigned 
this position to engage in law practice 
in Shanghai; he is correspondent in 
China for the International Student, 
organ of the Intercollegiate Prohibition 
Association; address 64 Peking Road, 
Shanghai. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



139 




LI FAN-YI, Government official; 
born at Yincheng, Hupeh, 1890 ; 
graduate of Columbia University ; 
Director of the Communications Depart- 
ment of the Headquarters of the 
Commander-in-Chief of the Nationalist 
Revolutionary Army, Navy and Air 
Force; President of the National 
Chiaotung University ; President of the 
School of Army Communication attached 
to the Military Affairs Commission ; 
Director of the Radio Administration 
and of the Radio Manufactory of the 
National Reconstruction Commission ; 
Commissioner of Reconstructon of 
the Anhwei Provincial Government; 
Commissioner of Education of the 
Shensi Provincial Government ; Director 
of the Department of Telegraphic 
Administration of the Ministry of 
Communications ; Commissioner of 
Reconstruction of the Hupeh Provincial 
Government, which post he resigned, 
spring 1935 ; last known address : 
Department of Reconstruction, Hupeh 
Provincial Government, Wuchang. 




Army as a cadet and was sent to the 
Military College at Wuchang for two 
years ; went to England and France 
and studied economics and political 
science, 1918-19 ; when the World War 
broke out he joined the Allied Army 
as technical officer ; returned to China 
in 1918 and entered the government 
service in Peking ; joined the Nation- 
alist Government at Canton in 1923 
and was made secretary-general and 
chief of the transportation department 
and the Commissariat attached to the 
2nd Army Corps which took part in the 
northern expedition ; after the capture 
of Wuhan and the establishment of the 
Nationalist Government he retired from 
the military service and was appointed 
Commissioner of Foreign Affairs for 
Hunan ; in 1929 he took part in the 
expedition against the Kwangsi Clique 
in Wuhan, after which he was promoted 
Superintendent of Customs at Hankow 
and concurrently Commissioner of 
Foreign Affairs for Hupeh; he held 
the latter office until it was abolished 
and was then appointed as special 
inspecting Commissioner of Foreign 
Affairs for the Central China provinces ; 
manager of the Hankow Herald, 
Hankow ; Chinese Consul-General at 
Novo Sibirsk, U.S.S.R., which post he 
resigned Oct. 1935. 



LI FANG, consular official; born at 
Huangpi, Hupeh, in 1895 ; received 
his early education in his native town 
and then studied at Griffith John 
College and Boone University ; when 
the 1911 Revolution broke out in 
Wuchang he joined the Revolutionary 





Li Fu-lin 

4- *& #■ $ -& ns 

LI FU-LIN, retired military officer, 
born at Fanyu, Kwangtung, 1877; 
received his early education in Singa- 
pore and returned to Canton in 1909 to 
engage in business ; joined the Chung 
Hsin Hui (predecessor of Kuomintang) 
while still young and later became 
active in Kuomintang party affairs ; 
appointed defense commissioner of 
Waichow, Kwangtung, 1918 ; commander 
of Canton Garrison Forces, 1920; vice- 
Commander of Kwangtung 8rd Army 
against Chen Chiung-ming, 1922 ; chief 
of the police administration of Canton 
and concurrently Mayor of Canton 
1924 ; commander of the 5th army of 
the Nationalist Revolutionary Forces 
in command of Kwangtung, 1926 ; was 
responsible for the suppression of the 
communist revolt at Canton, 1927; now 
member of the Central Executive 
Committee of the Kuomintang ; address • 
c/o Central Party Headquarters, 
Nanking. 



Handel Lee (LI Han-ta) 

**# 

HANDEL LEE, pastor and district 
superintendent of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Nanking ; born at 
Kianglingchen, near Nanking, Kiangsu, 
1886 ; was graduated from the Uni- 
versity of Nanking, 1912, and the 
Nanking Theological Seminary, 1916 ; 
appointed to the pastorate of M. E. 
Church, Wuhu, Anhwei ; graduated from 
the School of Theology of Boston 
University, with S.T.B. degree in 1922; 
graduated from Drew Theological 
Seminary with M.Th. degree in 1923 ; 
while at Drew, served as the Chinese 
secretary in the Board of Foreign 
Missions, New York City ; appointed 
to the pastorate of Central M. E. 
Church since 1923 ; appointed to the 
Superintendency of Ling Wan District 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
since 1927 ; was elected delegate to the 
General Conference which was held in 
Kansas City, Nov. 1928 ; delegate to 
the Eastern Asia Central Conference 
three or four times ; was elected to 
the presidency of Nanking Theological 
Seminary in 1931 ; was again elected 
delegate to the General Conference of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church which 
was held in Atlantic City, N.J. in 1932 ; 
graduated from Drew University with 
Ph.D. degree in 1933 ; and received 
D.D. degree from Boston University 
in 1933 ; address : Nanking Theological 
Seminary, Nanking, China. 




Samuel Han-yuan LI (LI Han-yuen) 

-£ $ * £ « tt 



140 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



SAMUEL HAN-YUAN LI, party 
affairs worker ; born at Hsiang-yakg, 
Hupeh, 1889 ; received his early educa- 
tion in Shansi, where his father was 
an official under the Manchu regime ; 
entered the Boone University Middle 
School in 1913 and was graduated in 
1917 ; after graduation, he joined the 
Post Office at Tai-yuan, Shansi 1917-22 ; 
resumed his studies at Boone 
University (now Central China Uni- 
sity), where he received his B.A. 
degree and a certificate of the Boone 
library school in 1926 ; appointed dean 
of the Chinese department of Boone 
Middle School, 1926-27; joined the 
Nationalist Revolutionary Movement in 
1927 and active as a party worker ; 
teacher of English of the Hupeh 1st 
Provincial Middle School, Wuchang, 
1928-29 ; joined the bureau of public 
safety, Tientsin, 1929, as chief of the 
special commission and in this capacity, 
was largely responsible for the settle- 
ment of the Elbrook Strike at Tientsin 
which occurred in Aug. 1929. 




[G. H. Li (Li Hao) 

# * £ Jfc # 
G. H. LI, Government official; born 
at Lunan, Honan, 1889 ; was graduated 
from the Hunan College in 1910 ; 
received his advanced education in 
America, where he studied architecture 
at the University of Michigan, 
graduating with B.S.A. degree in 
1917 ; was engaged in educational and 
architectural work in Hunan for a 
time after his return ; principal of 
the Government preparatory school at 
Kaifeng which was later organised into 
the Chung Chow University, Honan ; 
president of the Fu Chong College of 
Mines at Chaochow for three years ; 
dean and architect for the building 
of Chung Chow University ; assistant 
architect to Shattuck and Hussey at 
the laying of foundations of the 
Peking Union Medical College, 1917-18 ; 
now member of the Honan Provincial 
Government ; author of a plan to 
establish -an independent educational 
fund for Honan and contributor of 
articles to papers on architectual 
subjects ; last known address : Honan 
Provincial Government, Kaifeng. 



LI HSIEH, water conservancy 
expert and Government official ; born 
at Puchang, Shensi, February 5, 
1882 ; attended Peking University, 
Technische Hochschule zu Berlin und 
Technische Hochschule zu Danzig ; 
served as professor for 9 years in the 




1911 ; elected vice-Tutuh of Yunnan, 
1911 ; member of the Parliament,. 
1913-14 ; participated in the Yunnan 
uprising against Yuan Shih-kai's 
monarchical movement, 1915-16 ; Civil 
Governor of Shensi, 1916-17 ; served as 
adviser to the Military Government of 
South China, 1918-19 ; resumed his seat 
in the Parliament, 1922 ; director-general 
of the Government aeronautic bureau, 
1922 ; made a member of College of 
Marshals, 1922 ; ^acting Minister of 
Agriculture and Commerce, 1922 ; 
Minister of Agriculture and Commerce, 
1922-23 ; and acting Prime Minister, 
1923 ; retired from Government service 
since 1923 and is now living in 
Soochow, Kiangsu. 



Li Hsieh 

-£-» £ fc * 

National Water Conservancy College, 
Nanking; chief of the Water Conser- 
vancy Bureau of Shensi ; chairman of 
the North China River Commission, 
Tientsin ; chief engineer of the National 
Huai River Commission, Nanking ; 
Commissioner of the Provincial Recon- 
struction Department of Shensi ; chief 
engineer of the Weipei (Shensi) 
Irrigation Work, Shensi ; at present 
director of the Shensi Provincial Water 
Conservancy Bureau and Chairman of 
the Yellow River Conservancy Com- 
mission under the National Economic 
Council ; author of "The Method of 
Least Squares," "The Nomography," 
"Practical Differential and Integral 
Calculus," (all written in Chinese and 
published by the Commercial Press) ; 
"Die Wasserbau-geschichte in China," 
published by the Verein Deutscher 
Ingenieure, Berlin ; and reports on the 
Weipei irrigation work both in English, 
Chinese, and German ; "Hydraulic 
Engineering" (in Chinese unpublished) ; 
address : Shensi Provincial Water 
Conservancy Bureau, Sian, Shensi. 




Li Keng-yuan 

4- # « } # «P &. 
LI KENG-YUAN, retired Govern- 
ment official ; born at Tengyueh, 
Yunnan, 1878 ; was graduated from the 
Japanese Military Cadets' Academy in 
Tokyo, specializing in infantry ; joined 
the revolutionary movement in 1911 and 
declared independence of Yunnan, Oct. 




W. H. LI (Li Kuo-chieh.) 

4- « * ^ # * 

W. H. LI, retired Government 
official ; born at Ho-fei, Anhwei, 1881 ; 
eldest grandson of Marquis Li Hung- 
chang; inherited the title of Marquis 
from his grandfather ; made assistant 
chamberlain, commanding the Palace 
guard, 1901 ; later, senior councillor of 
the board of agriculture, works and 
commerce ; Chinese Minister to Belgium, 
1910-12 and rendered financial assistance 
to the Chinese students studying in 
Belgium during the 1911 Revolution 
when the government allowance was 
discontinued ; member of the advisory 
council of the President, 1914 ; since 
1924, he has been living in retirement 
in Shanghai, taking special interest in 
the China Merchants Steam Navigation 
Company, which was established by 
his grandfather and of which he was 
chairman • Of the board of directors 
for many years ; he was also connected 
at different times with a number of 
other industrial enterprises in Shanghai ; 
due to complications which developed 
owing to his attempt to negotiate a loan 
of ¥30,000,000 for the Company with 
a foreign realty concern in Shanghai 
in 1932, he was relieved of all his 
connections with the Company by an 
order of the Government. 



K. C. LI, mining engineer and 
economist ; born at Changsha, Hunan 
in September, 1892 ; received his early 
education in the Changsha schools after 
which he studied mining in the Hunan 
Technical Institute ; he then went to 
England and completed his course for 
a mining engineer degree in the Royal 
School of Mines (Imperial College), 
London ; on returning to China he 
became actively associated with the 
mining industry of Hunan and became 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



141 




K. C. Li (Li Kuo-ching) 

# m & 5 m m 

successively, Secretary of the Hunan 
Mining Board, General Manager of 
the Kiangwah Government Tin Mines, 
General Manager of the Hsiao Ku San 
Government Mines — the largest of its 
kind in China — and co-director of the 
Hunan Mining Board ; he organized 
the Wah Chang Trading Corp., the 
largest import and export Chinese firm 
in' New York and has since been its 
president ; he was once representative 
of the Ministry of Agriculture and 
Commerce and also Ministry of 
Finance ; he is well-known as a 
mathematician and has written books 
on algebra, trigonometry and calculus 
which are used as text books in China ; 
he is also known as a student of 
Chinese literature ; during the World 
War he actively served the Ameri- 
can and Canadian Governments in 
furnishing raw materials from China 
and South America, for which he 
received letters of appreciation from the 
Allied Governments ; he was decorated 
by the Chinese Government and is 
often consulted by his Government on 
national affairs ; he is a member of the 
Lawyers' Club, Lotus Club, Downtown 
Athletic Club, all of New York ; 
Hempstead Yacht Club of Glen Cove, 
L. I. ; he is President of the Chinese 
Chamber of Commerce in New York, 
Governor of the Commodity Exchange, 
a member of American Institute of 
Mining Engineers and a member of 
the Mining and Metallurgical Society 
of America ; in 1927 he was appointed 
as a Chief Delegate to the Economic 
Conference of the League of Nations ; 
in 1931, Delegate to the Conference 
of the International Chamber of 
Commerce at Washington ; address : 
Wah Chang Trading Corporation, New 
York City, N.Y., U.S.A. 




Li Kuo-yun 

4 n n $ a.* 

1914-15 ; councillor of the National 
Advisory Council (created by Yuan 
Shih-kai to act as a legislature), 1915; 
director-general of the bureau of 
economic research, 1920. 




LI KUO-YUN, retired Government 
official; born at Ho-fei, Anhwei, 1878; 
grand nephew of Li Hung-chang 
and second son of former Premier 
Li Ching-hsi ; vice-chairman of the 
provincial advisory council of Anhwei 
and member of the Imperial Advisory 
Council, Peking; upon the establish- 
ment of the Republic, he was suc- 
cessively Civil Governor of Kwangtung, 



Li Liehchun 

4 » ^ * * *• 
LI LIEH-CHUN, retired Government 
official ; born at Wuning, Kiangsi, 
1881 ; was graduated from the Kiangsi 
Military Academy and the Tokyo 
Military Cadets' College in Japan ; 
while in Japan, he joined the Tung 
Ming Hui (first revolutionary society 
organised by Dr. Sun Yat-sen) ; 
returned to China in 1910 and was 
appointed Tutuh (military commis- 
sioner) of Kiangsi ; participated in 
the 1911 Revolution at Wuchang and 
was appointed Military Governor of 
Kiangsi ; fled to Japan after an 
unsuccessful revolt against Yuan Shih- 
kai 1913 ; travelled to Europe while a 
refugee and stayed at Singapore and 
Penang for a time ; chief -of-staff to the 
Southern Constitutional Government at 
Canton, 1919 ; commander of Kiangsi 
Army in Kwangtung and later Civil 
Governor of Kiangsi, 1920 ; chief of 
general staff of the Canton Government 
and a commander in the Northern 
Expeditionary Army, 1921 ; chief of 
general staff to Feng Yu-hsiang's Army, 
1925 ; accompanied Chiang Kai-shek in 
the Northern Punitive Exped.—on and 
upon the capture of Kiangsi, he was 
appointed Chairman of the Kiangsi 



Provincial Government, 1926; State 
Councillor, acting Chairman of the 
Central Government and Chairman of 
Overseas Affairs Commission, 1927-28; 
member of the Central Supervisory 
Committee of Kuomintang, 1930; 
member of the Central Executive 
Committee of the Kuomintang, member 
of the Military Affairs Commission, 
State Councilor of the National Govern- 
ment and member of the National 
Defence Council, 1932-34 ; he is now 
living in retirement in Shanghai. 




James H. Lee (Li Ju-hsiung) 

4 & $k % #1 # 
JAMES H. LEE, business man; 
born at Ningpo, Chekiang in 1891 ; 
great grandson of the late Bai Wha 
Shan Jen, one of China's famous 
poets ; brother of General Z. Y. Lee, 
one of the foremost aviators in China ; 
his education was confined principally 
to the study of Chinese literature; left 
school when quite young and entered 
business in Shanghai in 1912 and since 
then has devoted his energy largely 
to the development of commerce and 
industry ; in 1915, he was appointed 
by the Ministry of Agriculture and 
Commerce as one of its trade 
commissioners to the United States 
and while there, visited a number of 
large cities, attended the Panama 
Exhibition and studied several famous 
industrial plants ; since his return he 
has held many responsible positions, 
such as General Manager of Kiangsu 
Land Investment Company, Managing 
Director of Wah Foo Commercial Bank 
of China, President of vVuhu Telephone 
Company, special inspector of the 
Government Currency Bureau for 
Shanghai, advisor to the Governor of 
Chekiang, Director of . the Chartered 
Stock and Produce Exchange of 
Shanghai, General Manager of the 
Union Bank of China, Chairman of 
the Union Club in Shanghai, vice- 
Chairman of the Telephone Association 
of the Province of Chekiang, Director 
of the Shanghai Mutual Telephone 
Company, etc. ; in 1919 he organized 
a telephone plant in his native city, 
Ningpo, which is now the best private 
telephone plant in the province, and 
also established the light plant of 
Tanyang and telephone plant of Wuhu ; 
in 1920, realizing the necessity of 
having an organization to promote the 
industrial and commercial enterprises 
in China, he formed Foong Sheng 
Industrial and Commercial Development 
Corporation, of which he became 
vice-President and assistant General- 
Manager and later the Managing 
Director of the firm, which post he 
still holds ; in 1927 he visited Europe 



142 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



to study the recent development v of 
modern architecture and on his return 
to Shanghai he put his new ideas 
into effect by adding four stories to 
his Bubbling Well Apartments at the 
corner of Bubbling Well and Seymour 
Roads and two stories to the Lee 
Building on Avenue Edward VII ; he 
is now President of the Ningpo 
Telephone Company, Director of the 
Hangchow Power Co., director of the 
Shaohsing Power Co., General Manager 
of the Wah Hsin Fire and Marine 
Insurance Co., Director of Tai Shan 
Insurance Co., Director of the Han 
Yeh Ping Iron and Coal Company, 
Director of the Commercial Bank of 
China, Chinese Manager of Italian 
Bank for China, Director of the Wei 
Chung Commercial and Savings Bank, 
Director of the China Engineers, 
Director of the United Office of China 
Press, China Times, China Evening 
News and Shun Shih News Agency, 
Chairman of the Shanghai Insurance 
Association, Chairman of the Chin 
Shan Beach Estate, member of the 
Rate Assessment Committee, S.M.C., 
committee member of the General 
Chamber of Commerce of Shanghai, 
Executive Committee of the Shanghai 
Property Owners' Association, etc. ; he 
has also dealt extensively in real 
estate and owns and manages many 
residential and office buildings in 
Shanghai ; beside his business activities 
he is also connected with many social 
institutions, being a member of 
Ningpo Guild, American Club, Shanghai 
Bankers' Club, Shanghai Navigation 
and Transportation Club, Husi Club 
of which he serves on the executive 
committee, Shanghai Tennis < Club, of 
which he is president ; he is married 
and has a son, Freddy Lee, now 
studying in St. Stephen's College at 
Hongkong; address: 160 Ave. Edward 
VII, Shanghai. 




Li Mau-chi <L\ Mao-chih) 

LI MAU-CHI, retired Government 
official; born at Canton, Kwangtung, 
1383 ; secretary to the President's 
Office of the Provisional Government 
at Nanking, 1911 ; senator of the 
first Parliament 1913-14 ; assisted Tong 
Shao-yi in organizing the Gold Star 
Insurance Company in Shanghai, 1914 ; 
co-founder of the Ching I Magazine at 
Shanghai; resumed his seat in the 
Paliament 1916-17 ; joined the Southern 
Military Government at Canton, 1917 ; 
salt commissioner for Kwangtung and 
Kwangsi, 1918-19 ; special commissioner 
of finance for Kwangtung, 1920 ; 
entered the Peking Parliament for the 
third time, 1922; chief auditor of the 
Provincial Bank of Kwangtung. 




Li Ming 
4 U $ $ $ 
LI MING, banker: born at 
Shaoshing, Chekiang, 1889 ; received his 
early education at a middle school in 
Shaoshing and the Wayland Academy 
in Hangchow ; studied commerce at the 
Yamaguchi Commercial College in 
Japan ; returned to China shortly before 
the outbreak of the Revolution in 1911 
and served as financial advisor to the 
Commissioner of Finance of the Che- 
kiang Provincial Government ; is now 
chairman of the Board of Directors and 
general manager of the Chekiang In- 
dustrial Bank, chairman of the Board 
of Directors of the Bank of China, 
(which post he held until spring of 
1935), chairman of the Board of 
Supervisors of the Central Bank of 
China, director of the Bank of Commu- 
nications and the Shanghai Commercial 
& Savings Bank, chairman of the 
National Loans Sinking Fund Commis- 
sion, director and member of the 
Investment Committee of the Interna- 
tional Investment Trust Company and 
the Yangtze Finance Company, member 
of the Board of Advisors of the 
Shanghai Power Company and director 
of the Far East Power Corporation of 
New York ; committee member, Shang- 
hai Municipal Council; recognized as 
a leading financier in China, being 
responsible for the establishment of the 
Shanghai Bankers' Association, of which 
he once served as Chairman ; address : 
Chekiang Industrial Bank, 14 Hankow 
Road, Shanghai. 



LI MING-CHUNG, retired army 
officer ; born at Shenchiu, Honan, 
1888 ; graduate of a military academy 
in the Three Eastern Provinces and 
served in the army under the Manchu 
regime; joined the revolutionary forces 
under Feng Yu-hsiang, 1911 and was 
appointed a regimental commander 
■upon establishment of the Republic ; 
opposed Yuan Shih-kai's monarchical 
movement and also assisted in the 
overthrow of Chang Hsun's attempt 
to restore monarchy 1917 ; assisted 
Feng Yu-hsiang in the occupation of 
Peking following defeat of Wu Pei-fu 
by Chang Tso-lin, 1924; Tutung 
(Military Governor) of Suiyuan 
District and Military Governor of 




Li Ming-chun 

4 % ® $ ■& & 

Kansu with the rank of full-general, 
1924 ; delegate of Feng Yu-hsiang to 
the Nationalist Government at Nanking, 
1927; travelled to Europe, 1929-30 and 
returned to China, October 1930 ; he is 
now living in retirement in Tientsin. 



4 



Gen. Li Ming-yang 

*n # ^ w m 

GEN. LI MING- YANG, Government 
official ; born at Hsiao-hsien, Kiangsu, 
1892 ; studied military science at Berlin, 
Germany ; Commander of 10th Regiment 
of Kiangsi Army ; Commander of 
Kiangsi Army ; Commander of Kiangsi 
Forts ; Commander-in-Chief of Kiangsi 
Forces stationed in Kwangtung ; Com- 
mander of 1st Division of Nationalist 
Revolutionary Army ; vice-Commander 
of the 31st Nationalist Army ; Com- 
mander of 2nd Nationalist Division and 
concurrently of 6th Brigade of the 
Division ; member of Military Council of 
the National Government ; member 
of Kiangsu Provincial Government and 
concurrently Commissioner of Kiangsu 
Provincial Peace Preservation Bureau ; 
last known address : Kiangsu Provincial 
Peace Preservation Bureau, Chinkiang, 
Kiangsu. 




Li Ming-yen 

4 W A 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



143 



LI MING- YEN, consular official; 
born in 1901 in the Wu Feng district 
of Hupeh ; after receiving: his early 
training in his native district he 
entered the University of China, 
Peking, receiving the degree of 
Bachelor of Commerce in 1923 ; chief 
editor, Great Evening Post, Peking 
1923 ; sectional chief in the Municipal 
Government at Chengchow, Honan, 1927 ; 
director of Lung-Hai Railway, 1928 ; 
secretary and later chief of the business 
management section of the Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs, 1929-30 ; appointed 
vice Consul-General to Australia early 
in 1930 ; address : Chinese Consulate- 
General, Sydney, Australia. 





LI Pel-chi 

4 *& *■ 
campaign in Suiyuan province and as 
a reward he was promoted a General 
and appointed concurrently acting 
Tutung of Suiyuan and Chairman of 
Suiyuan Provisional Government ; later 
he was appointed member of the 
Hopei Provincial Government and his 
army was reorganized as the _32nd 
Central Division ; Chairman of Suiyuan 
Provincial Government, 1929 ; he is 
now living in retirement. 



correspondence school of business and 
English editor of the editorial depart- 
ment ; remained with the Commercial 
Press until 1929 and during the period 
1922-29, he was at various times, in 
addition to his regular work, lecturer 
at the College of Commerce of 
Southeastern University (now Central 
University), professor of banking and 
foreign trade at Chinan Institute at 
Chenju and director of the department 
of commerce and professor of account- 
ing at Chihtze University, Shanghai ; 
appointed head of the department of 
commerce of Shanghai College in 1929 
and in the fall of that year, was 
made president of Hangchow Christian 
College which position he still holds ; 
he is author of numerous articles in 
English and Chinese published in 
magazines and daily papers, and also 
of the following books, published by 
the Commercial Press of Shanghai ; 
"Modern Advertising," "Handbook of 
Commerce," "Salesmanship," "Office 
Management," "Three Principles — 
English Reader," etc. all in English, 
and a few similar works in Chinese ; 
address : Hangchow Christian College, 
Hangchow. 



Lse Neng-kung (LI Neng-keng) 

4 »■ « * A # 

N. K. LEE, consular official; born 
in Paoking, Hunan, 1904 ; educated in 
the College of Yale-in-China, Changsha, 
Hunan ; went to Peking in 1923 where 
he studied law and economics at 
Yenching University until 1926 ; left for 
Europe in the same year for advance 
education, studying international law 
in the Universite de Paris 1927-29; 
while in France, he was one of the 
members and once a chairman of 
the Association des Hautes Etudes 
Internationales ; did research work in 
England, Belgium and Switzerland ; 
returned to China in 1931 ; was 
appointed counsellor to the Headquarters 
of Pacification Commissioner of Kiang- 
su and concurrently instructor of 
political science in the Central Mili- 
tary Academy in Nanking ; resigned 
from the above posts, and joined the 
Chinese Legation in Tokyo as an 
attache which post he still holds ; 
he is now preparing two books entitled 
"A Dairy of My Two Years in Japan" 
and "Diplomacy and its Practical 
Guide" ; address : Chinese Embassy, 
Tokyo, Japan. 



LI PEI-CHI, army officer; born at 
Sienhsien, Hopei ; joined the Revolu- 
tionary movement when still young 
and saw military service during the 
first Revolution at Wuhan in 1911 ; 
later he became chief-of-staff in the 
Commander-in-Chief's Headquarters of 
the Nationalist Revolutionary Army at 
Shanhaikwan ; in 1916 he went to 
Shansi and was appointed commander 
of a division by Yen Hsi-shan ; later, 
when Yen was in command of the 
Nationalist Revolutionary Army in 
North China, he was appointed 
commander of the Northwest ; in April 
1928 he carried on a successful 




Baen E. Lee (Li Pel-en) 

-£ *& & 
BAEN E. LEE, college president; 
born at Hangchow, Chekiang, May 31, 
1889 ; after finishing his studies at 
Hangchow Christian College in the 
winter of 1909, he taught at Shanghai 
College and various middle schools from 
1909-11 ; employed in Chinese Postal 
Service from 1911-17 ; studied at the 
Comparative Law School of China at 
Shanghai from 1917-20, during which 
time he was also employed in the 
editorial department of the Commercial 
Press ; went to America and attended 
the University of Chicago for post 
graduate work, 1920-21, receiving his 
M.A. degree in Commerce and Ad- 
ministration ; studied business adminis- 
tration at New York University and 
received the degree of M. of business 
administration, 1921-22, at the same 
time also taking courses at Columbia 
University ; returned to China in the 
fall of 1922 and joined the Commercial 
Press, Shanghai, as dean of the 




P. T. Lee (Li Pel-tien) 

# ** A 
LEE PEI TIEN (P. T. LEE), 

Government official ; born in Yunnan, 
1894 ; after receiving his preliminary 
education in China, he went to Japan 
where he was graduated from the 
Meiji University with B.A. degree; 
since his return to China he has 
successively served as dean of the 
National College of Law at Peking, 
councillor of the Headquarters of the 
Commander-in-chief of Navy, Army and 
Air Forces; he is now director of 
the Nanking Office of the Yunnan 
Provincial Government, member of the 
Commission on Mongolian and Thibetan 
Affairs of the National Government, 
member of the supervisory committee 
of the Nanking Special District Party 
Headquarters, and president of the Wen 
Hwa College at Kiangwan, Shanghai ; 
address: 13 Chin Chuan Yuan Heng, 
Nanking. 



LI PIN-HENG, Government official; 
born at Hwauning, Anhwei, 1897 ; LL. 
B. Sorbonne University, Paris ; Secre- 
tary, International Intellectual Union ; 
Executive Member, K. M. T. District 
Headquarters in France ; Director, 
Department of Labor. Ministry of 
Industries since January 1932 ; Chief 
of the National Factory Inspection 



144 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Li Pin-heng 



# 



Bureau, Ministry of Industries, since 
1933 : Chairman, Editorial Commission 
of Chinese Labour Year-Book, since 
October 1932 ; Director of China Labor 
Monthly, since April 1932; member 
of the Governing Body, International 
Labor Organization, since 1934 ; address : 
c o Ministry of Industries, Nanking. 




Chief of the 12th Route Revolutionary 
Army and marched his troops north- 
ward, pacifying Peking and Tientsin 
and suppressing the remnants of the 
Chihli-Shantung Army west of the 
Luan River ; when the Wuhan-Nanking 
split occurred in the spring of 1929, he 
was in command of the vanguard 
troops of the 4th Group Army (tinder 
command of Gen. Li Tsung-jen) and in 
this capacity, maintained peace and 
order in North China ; shortly afterward, 
his father died and he retired from 
military life ; in 1930, he was appointed 
Chief-of-Staff of the 4th Group Army, 
member of the National Military Affairs 
Commission and Commander of the 
8th Army ; Border Defense Commis- 
sioner of Kwangsi with headquarters 
at Lungchow, 1931-35 ; now Chief-of- 
Staff of the Kwangsi Army ; address : 
Headquarters of the Kwangsi Army, 
Nanning, Kwangsi. 





4 



Gsn. Li Ping-hsien 

o°o fa % % 



GEN. LI PING-HSIEN, army officer; 
born at Changwu, Kwangsi, 1893 ; 
received his training at Paoting Military 
Officers' Academy ; served in the army 
in various capacities and trained troops 
ir. Hunan before 1926 ; when the 
Nationalist Revolutionary Army launch- 
ed its Northern Punitive Expedition in 
*')26, he was appointed Commander of 
the 3rd Division of the 8th Revolu- 
tionary Army and was responsible for 
the capture of Changsha (Capital of 
Hunan), Yochow and the Wuhan Cities 
in Hupeh, fighting the famous battle of 
Tingszechiao, near Wuchang ; in 1927,. 
he was appointed Commander of the 
%th Revolutionary Army and concur- 
rently Garrison Commander of Wuhan 
Cities, member of the Hupeh Provincial 
Government and member of the Military 
Affair-: Commission ; in these capacities, 
tut ww responsible for the suppression 
of t.h<: Communist! who were then 
kcUve in Wuchang and Hankow; in 
\'!2", he v.:-; promoted Commander-in- 



Li Po-kwai <Li Po-kuei.) 

4- & & 

LI PO-KWAI, merchant; born at 
Sun Wui, Kwangtung in 1872 ; pre- 
sident of the Po Leung Kuk, Hongkong, 
1915 ; a Justice of Peace, Hongkong, 
1916; adviser to the Tung Hwa 
Hospital, Hongkong, 1918 ; member of 
the River Controlling Committee, 
Hongkong, 1919 ; chairman of the 
Chinese General Chamber of Commerce 
and of the District Watchmen's Com- 
mittee, Hongkong, 1923 ; president 
of the Confucian Society, Hongkong, 
and headed the movement for opening 
some 30 free schools for the society ; 
formerly an adviser to the Ministry of 
Agriculture and Commerce, Peking ; 
addrsss: 114 Winglok Street, Hong- 
kong. 



LI PU-CHING, university professor; 
bom at Chingshan, Hupeh, 1877 ; 
received his preliminary modern educa- 
tion at Wuchang Academy where he 
studied for four years and was a 
classmate of the late Gen. Huang Hsing, 
noted revolutionary leader ; was sent 
by the Hupeh Viceroy to Japan where 
he studied pedagogy in a normal 
college in Tokyo ; upon his return to 
China, he successively served as prin- 
cipal of Mingteh and Chingcheng Middle 
Schools in Changsha and at the same 
time was secrectly engaged in revolu- 
tionary activities ; participated in the 
First Revolution at Wuchang, 1911 ; 
appointed compiler in the Ministry of 
Education of the Peking Government, 
but resigned as a protest against Yuan 
Shih-kai's Monarchial Movement ; super- 



Li Pu-ching 

# # -fr $ M * 

intendent of the Wuchang Normal 
University, Hupeh ; Commissioner of 
Education for Honan ; dean of Wuchang 
Normal University ; now, principal of 
School of Arts of Honan Provincial 
University and concurrently professor 
of education at the same University ; 
author of various books and articles 
on primary and secondary education ; 
address : Arts School, Honan Provincial 
University, Kaifeng, Honan. 




Li Shan-jen 

jSf.. f£j /fr. 

LI SHAN-JEN, Government official; 
born at Su Hsien, Shansi in 1884; 
student at Shansi University, 1902-05, 
after which he went to Japan and 
studied at Ching Wei College and was 
graduated in 1908 ; returned to China 
and taught in the Shansi Higher 
Agricultural College ; he again went to 
Japan in 1912 and studied at the High 
Industrial College of Nagoya ; returned 
to China in 1917 and since then has 
held the following positions : teacher, 
Shansi High Commercial College; 
teacher, Shansi First Girls Normal 
School ; secretary, Shansi Police Ad- 
ministration ; sectional chief, Shansi 
Civil Governor's Office ; co-director, 
Shansi Epidemics Prevention Office; 
president, Provincial First "A" Grade 
Industrial School ; president. Provincial 
Government Industrial College of 
Shansi ; member, Shansi Provincial 
Assembly ; Shansi delegate to the Na- 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



145 



tional Educational Conference ; vice- 
president, Shansi Educational Associa- 
tion ; Shansi delegate to the 9th and the 
10th National Educational Convention, 
1923-24; chief of the Political Depart- 
ment in the headquarters of the 
Garrison Commander of Peiping and 
Tientsin ; director, Financial Bureau of 
the Tientsin Municipal Government, 
1928 ; member of the Shansi Provincial 
Government and concurrently director 
of Department of Industry and Com- 
merce, 1928 to the present ; address : 
Shansi Provincial Government, Taiyuan, 
Shansi. 



Li Shao-gen 

LI SHAO-GEN, railway official. 
(See Page 242, 4th Edition). 



Li Sheng-to 

# & i? f *- & 

LI SHENG-TO, official. 
(See Page 243, 4th Edition. 




Li Sheng-wu 

# S -i 

LI SHENG-WU, B.A., LL.B., Gov- 
ernment official ; born at Taian, 
Shantung, March 24, 1900 ; graduate 
of the National University, Peking ; did 
research work in International Law in 
the Graduate School of the Japanese 
Imperial University, Tokyo, 1923-25 ; 
further research work in International 
Law and Common Law at St. Edmund 
Hall, Oxford University, England, 
1926-30; editor of the Commercial Press, 
Shanghai ; professor of law at Chinan 
University and Futan University, 
Shanghai ; editor-in-chief of the Central 
Daily News, Nanking ; advisory secre- 
tary to the Central Political Council, 
Nanking ; councillor of the Executive 
Yuan of the National Government, 
Nanking ; editor-in-chief of the Eastern 
Miscellany (a monthly magazine pub- 
lished by the Commercial Press) ; 
director of General Affairs Department 
of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 
which post he resigned December 1935 ; 
author of "A Treatise on International 
Law (in II Vols.)"; "International 
Law as Applied to Civil War" (in 
English) ; "Elements of Political Science" 
(all published by the Commercial Press, 
Shanghai). 




Miss LI Shl-shan 

# * & 

MISS LI SHI-SHAN, party affairs 
worker and editor ; born at Yen-shan, 
Chihli, 1896 ; was graduated from the 
First Normal School for Girls of Chihli 
province, 1918 ; became a member of 
the Kuomintang in 1923 ; editor of the 
Women's Star Weekly at Tientsin and 
concurrently principal of a school for 
adult females at Tientsin ; founder and 
editor of the Tientsin Women's Daily, 
1926 which was sealed by order of Gen. 
Wu Pei-fu in the winter of the same 
year ; proctor of the school for girls 
of the Hsianghsan Children's Home at 
Peiping ; member of the standing com- 
mittee of the Shanghai Special District 
Party Headquarters and concurrently 
director of the Women's Department, 
1927 ; editor of a women's bi-monthly 
first published at Shanghai and later 
at Nankiing, 1929 ; now, secretary of 
the training department of the Central 
Party Headquarters ; attended the 
National People's Congress at Nanking 
as a representative of the Hopei 
Provincial Party Headquarters, 1931 ; 
married to Chen Hsiao-chin and has 
two daughters ;* address : Training De- 
partment, Central Party Headquarters, 
Nanking. 




Admiral S. K. Lee (Li Shih-cha) 

•#■■#¥ 3 s At. >* 

ADMIRAL S. K. LEE, Vice-Minister 
of Navy ; born in Fukien, 1894 ; was 
graduated from the Chefoo Chinese 
Naval College, April, 1911 ; served as 
midshipman on Training Ship "Tung- 



Chi," 1911-12 ; entered Naval Tactical 
College* for Officers, at Nanking Nov. 
1914 and af^ir. receiving , (diploma, was 
promoted .jjiidor lieutenant on Cruiser 
"Hai-Yung," April 1915 ; detached to 
study submarine navigation in U.S.A., 
finishing the course in October, 1916 ; 
acting torpedo officer on Cruiser "Hai- 
Chi," March 1917 ; appointed member 
of the Commission to take charge of 
the German ships in Chinese Waters ; 
appointed torpedo officer on Cruiser 
''Hai-Yung," May, same year ; promoted 
Flag Lieutenant to the Commander of 
the 1st Squadron and member of the 
Commission for Confiscating the Aus- 
trian merchant ships, Aug. 1917 ; senior 
lieutenant attached to the Commodore's 
staff at Vladivostock, August, 1918 ; 
Chinese Government representative to 
the Czechoslovack Army in the Western 
Front Headquarters, Siberia, Oct. 1918 ; 
Lieut.-Comd. and instructor of Cadets 
at Nanking Training Station, 1919 ; 
instructor on training ship "Tung-Chi" 
1920-22 ; transferred to Peking as Aide- 
de-Camp to the Minister of Navy, 
Aug. 1922 ; promoted Commander and 
concurrently staff officer to the Port 
Commissioner of Mamoi and captain of 
the Naval Barrack, Dec. 1922 ; flag 
commander of the Training Squadron, 
Sept. 1923 ; Captain of Destroyer "Yu- 
Chang," April 1924; Captain of R.C.S. 
"Chu-Tung," Oct. 1924; advisor to the 
Commander-in-Chief of the Nationalist 
Army 1927; Captain of Training Ship 
"Tung-Chi" and chief inspector of the 
construction of warships at Kiangnan 
Dock and Engineering Works, 1928 ; 
appointed Director of the Administrative 
Affairs Department of the Ministry of 
Navy with rank of Rear-Admiral, June 
1929, and concurrently Administrative 
Vice-Minister of Navy, since 1981 ; 
address : Ministry of Navy, Nanking. 




LI Shih-hao 

#«$*£#* 
_LI SHIH-HAO, retired Government 
official ; born at Tze-chi, Chekiang, 1880 ; 
served in the board of revenues before 
the 1911 Revolution ; chief Chinese 
inspector of the Salt Gabelle, 1916 ; 
director-general of the Bank of China, 
1917 ; vice-Minister of Finance, 1917; 
Minister of Finance and concurrently 
director-general of the Salt Administra- 
tion and director-general of the currency 
reform bureau, 1919-20 ; was ordered to 
be arrested for his membership of the 
Anfu Club, 1920 ; took refuge in the 
Legation Quarters for two years, but 
was pardoned in 1923 by President 
Li Yuan-hung ; re-appointed Minister 
of Finance, 1924 ; he was with Chang 
Hsiao-liang, 1930 ; now he is living in 
retirement. 



146 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Ll Shih-tsang 

4-* $ 

LI SHIH-TSENG, veteran revolu- 
tionist and Kuomintang leader; born 
at Kaoyang, Chihli, 1882 ; member of 
Tung Ming Hui ; received his advanced 
education in France and in association 
with Chang Ching-kiang, Wu Tsi-hui 
and other revolutionary leaders, estab- 
lished the first Chinese bean-curd 
factory in Paris for the purpose of 
raising funds for the Revolution ; prin- 
cipal of the law school of the Peking 
Government University, 1919 ; elected 
member of the Central Supervisory 
Committee of Kuomintang 1924 and 
1928 ; president of the Franco-Chinese 
University, Peking, 1925 ; member of 
the Central Political Council, 1926 ; 
chairman of the Peiping Division of 
the Central Political Counucil, 1928 ; 
president of the Peiping Government 
University, 1928 ; now, he is still serving 
as a member of the Central Supervisory 
Committee of Kuomintang, but has 
declined acceptance of any governmental 
appointment ; address : Central Super- 
visory Committee of Kuomintang, 
Nanking. 




Li Shu-cheng 

-£*■#£ >b n 

LI SHU - CHENG, Government 
official ; born at Chien-hsien, Hupeh, 
lh73; studied in Japan first at the 
Normal College and later at the Military 
Cadets' Academy in Tokyo, graduating 
in 1'j'j8 ; a member of the Tung Mine 
Hui : returned to China in 1909 and 



was appointed director of the Military 
Academy attached to the headquarters 
of the Kwangsi Army; participated 
in the 1911 Revolution and was made 
chief staff officer to Huang Hsin, then 
commander of the Hanyang Defense ; 
secretary to the President of the 
Nanking Provisional Government, 1912 ; 
accompanied Huang Hsin to America, 
1914-16 ; military adviser to President 
Li Yuan-hung, 1916 ; joined the 
Southern Military Government and 
was appointed director-general for the 
defense of Western Hunan ; director- 
general of alien subjects repatriation 
bureau, 1919 ; made a member of the 
College of Marshals by the Peking 
Government, 1920 ; re-appointed adviser 
to Li Yuan-hung, 1922 ; councillor of 
the Cabinet, 1922; member of the 
Hupeh Provincial Government, since 
1933 ; address : Hupeh Provincial 
Government, Wuchang, Hupeh. 




member of the Council of the Peiping 
Palace Museum, 1934 ; Vice-President 
of the National University of Peiping 
since 1929 ; President of the Chinese 
Astronomical Society 1982-33 ; President 
of the Chinese Physical Society since 
1932; author of "La Permeabilite 
Selective des Membranes Polarisees," "La 
Creation des Varieties Nouvelles Agri- 
coles et horticoes" (all in French) ; and* 
"Atomic Theory" (in Chinese) ; address: 
Tsun-shu Hutung, 23 Pa-Mien Tsao City 
East, Peiping. 



Li Shou-houa (Li Shu-hua) 

4 t 4 ^ m f 

LI SHOU-HOUA, vice-President of 
the National University of Peiping; 
born at Changli, Chihli, 1889 ; studied 
in the University of Toulouse (France) 
1915-19, and in the University of Paris 
1919-22 ; receiving "Ingenieur Agricole" 
1918, Toulouse; "Licencie es-Sciences 
Physiques" 1919, Paris ; travelled in 
England 1919 and in Germany 1920; 
prepared thesis for Doctor degree in 
Professor Jean Perrin's Physical Re- 
search Laboratory, Sorbonne, Paris 
1920-22, receiving "Docteur es-Sciences 
Physiques," 1922, Paris; returned to 
China and became Professor of Physics 
in the National University of Peking 
1922-30 ; concurrently Dean of Physics 
Department of the same University 
1925-26; acting Rector of the Franco- 
Chinese University, Peking, 1925-27, 
Vice-Chancellor of the Peiping National 
University 1928-29 and acting Chancellor 
of the same university, 1929 ; member 
of the Legislative Yuan, National Gov- 
erment, 1930-32 ; Political Vice-Minister 
of Education 1930-31 ; Minister of 
Education, 1931 ; Trustee of the Board 
for Administration of the Indemnity 
Funds Remitted by the British Govern- 
ment, since 1931 ; and Chairman of 
Education sub-committee for this Board 
since 1932; member of the Commission 
des Oeuvres Franco-Chinoises, 1934 ; 




Shun-ching Lee (Li Shun-ching) 
4 m *f $ # & 

SHUN-CHING LEE, university pro- 
fessor ; born in Shantung Province, 
1892 and received his early education 
in Tsingtao : was graduated from the 
University of Nanking in 1919 with a 
degree of B.Sc. and passed the Tsing 
Hua Fellowship examination in 1919 ; 
he entered Yale U., specializing in 
forestry and got his M.F. degree in 
1921 ; he then was transferred to the 
University of Chicago and specialized 
in botany ; elected a member of Sigma 
XI fraternity in 1922; received a Ph.D. 
degree with honor from the University 
of Chicago in 1923 ; on his return to 
China he was appointed head of the 
Department of Biology of the Peiping 
National Normal U., Peiping, which 
position he held until 1934 and asked 
a leave of absence for a year to take 
up the deanship of the College of 
Agriculture of the Anhwei University, 
Anhwei ; address : 10 Hui-Hui-Jen, West 
City, Peiping. 



LI Su-mal 

4 # # * # «*• 
LI SU-MAI, judge. 
(See Page 235, 4th Edition). 



LI TAO-CHI, merchant, born at 
Fengyang, Anhwei in 1890; senator in 
the 1st Parliament; high advisor of 
Anhwei Tuchun Headquarters ; director 
of Peking Chen Tai School; director 
of National Industrial Bank of China; 
director of Yen Yeh Commercial Bank; 
director of Yu Tsin Leather Co., Ltd., 
Tientsin ; director of Tan Hua Match 
Co., Ltd. ; director general of Anhwei 
Pu Yeh Coal Co. ; director of Chung Hsin 
Coal Co., Yehhsien, Shantung ; director 
of Kincheng Bank ; general-manager of 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



147 





Li Tao-chi 

-fc St At ^ t» # 

Tientsin Tai Cheng Paint Co., Ltd. ; 
general director of Tientsin Shou Foong 
Flour Co., Ltd. ; and general manager 
of Tientsin Yu Yuan Cotton Mills 
Co., Ltd. ; address : Yu Yuan Cotton 
Mills Co., Ltd., Tientsin, Hopei. 




Lee Tuh-yuen (Li Teh-Yueh) 

LEE TUH-YUEH, banker; born at 
Shaohsing, Chekiang, 1903 ; graduate, 
China National Institute at Woosung 
with the degree of B.Com. ; chief 
accountant. Bank of China, London 
Agency, since its inauguration, Novem- 
ber 1929 ; promoted Co-Agent in March 
1932 ; Hon. Commercial Adviser of the 
Chinese Consulate General, London ; 
substitute delegate of the Chinese 
Delegation to the World Economic 
Conference 1933 ; elected as an Associate 
of the Institute of Bankers, London, in 
October 1933 and Fellow of the Royal 
Economic Society, London ; address : 
London Agency, Bank of China, London. 



Tao Nan Lee (Li Tao-nan) 

4 it & 
TAO NAN LEE, banker; born at 
Nanking, Kiangsu on August 14, 1896 ; 
received his early education at Nanking 
University; went to America in 1914 
to study accounting and finance at the 
University of Illinois and was graduated 
in 1917 ; took a postgraduate course at 
New York University, 1917-18 ; returned 
to China in 1918 and for two years 
taught accounting at Nankai Univer- 
sity, Tientsin ; sub-manager of the 
Sino-Italian Bank, Shanghai, 1920-22 ; 
dean and professor of accounting 
and finance at Shanghai College of 
Commerce, Southeastern University (now 
Central University), 1922-25; associated 
with the China Land and Investment 
Company, 1922-29; sub-manager of the 
Manufacturers Bank of China, November, 
1929-82 ; manager of the Canton Branch 
of the Bank of Communications, since 
1984 ; address : Canton Branch, Bank of 
Communications, Canton. 




Tehyln LI (Li teh-yln) 
9, & % 

TEHYIN Y. LI, economist and 
university professor ; born in Tungyang, 
Chekiang, on October 10, 1903 ; after 
graduating from the National South- 
eastern University, Nanking, in 1925, 
he taught mathematics for five years 
in middle schools and universities, and 
also took part in revolutionary 
activities ; in 1929, _ he published his 
Freshman Mathematics, which was the 
result of his teaching experience ; in 
1930, he went to America to study 
economic statistics and received M.A. in 
1931 and Ph.D. in 1934 ; returned to 
China by way of Europe where he 
studied the economic conditions of the 
various countries ; since return he has 
been professor of economics at the 
National Central University ; address : 
Central University, Nanking. 




T. H. Lee (Li Teng-hui) 

-£&# £ & & 
T. H. LEE, university president; 
native of Fukien ; born in 1872 ; received 
his early education in Java and at the 
age of 14 began his English education 
in the Anglo-Chinese School, Singapore; 
went to America and studied at Ohio 
Wesleyan University, 1891-97 ; was 
graduated from Yale University in 1899 ; 
returned to the Straits Settlements and 
taught in the Anglo-Chinese School, 
1899-1901 ; went to Batavia and founded 
an English school at Batavia in 
connection with Kang Yu-wei's reform 
movement ; came to Shanghai in 1905 
and promoted the World Chinese 
Students' Federation of which he was 
chairman until 1915 ; helped found Fuh 
Tan University of which he was first 
dean ; he later became president, which 
position he still holds ; editor of the 
Republican Advocate, Shanghai, and 
editor of the English department of the 
Chung Hwa Book Company, 1912-13; 
honorary member, Chung Hwa Guild of 
Batavia (1906) ; fellow of the American 
Geographical Society (1915) ; honorary 
president of the Huai River Conser- 
vancy (1922) ; honorary Litt.D., St. 
John's University, Shanghai (1919) ; he 
took an active part in the Student 
Movement in 1918 ; chairman of the 
League of Public Organizations ^ to 
protest against the treaty affecting 
Chinese rights and oppose China's 
signature to the Peace Conference at 
Versailles ; during the Washington 
Conference he was chairman of the 
People's National Diplomatic Federation 
representing 180 organizations all over 
China; he has held the following 
honorary positions: chairman, Overseas 
Chinese Association ; vice-chairman, 
World Chinese Students Federation ; 
director, Pan-Pacific Union; director, 
Christian Educational Association of 
China ; director, Amoy University ; 
chairman, National Anti-Opium Associa- 
tion ; member, National Government 
Opium-Suppression Commission ; mem- 
ber, Diplomatic Commission of the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs ; address : 
Fuh Tan University, Kiangwan, 
Sbamjhai. 



DR. LI TI-TSUN, Director of 
Intelligence and Publicity Department, 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs ; born at 
Hwangmei, Hupeh, 1901 ; graduate, 
Tsing Hua College, Peking, 1928; 
studied Political Science and Economics 
in Chicago, Harvard, and Wisconsin 
Universities, 1923-29; elected Jubilee 



148 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Dr. Li Ti-tsun (Li Tl-chun) 

Prizeman and Phi Beta Kappa, Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, 1925 ; received 
doctorate in Political Science from the 
University of Wisconsin, Feb. 1929 ; 
served as editor of the Chinese Students 
Monthly and the Chinese Students 
Quarterly at various times while study- 
ing in U.S.A. and also frequent 
contributor to the Nation and other 
well-known American periodicals ; toured 
through Europe, March-June, 1929, and 
returned to China in July of the same 
year; joined the Intelligence and Pub- 
licity Department, Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, as chief of the Second Section, 
September, 1929 ; promoted Assistant 
Director of the Department, November, 
1931 ; appointed Director of the same 
Department, February, 1933 ; also taught 
in the Central Political Academy and 
the National Central University, Nan- 
king, as Professor of Political Science, 
September, 1929-June, 1981 ; co-founder 
and editor, the Current Events Monthly, 
the Current Events Year Book, the 
Foreign Affairs Review, etc. ; address : 
The Intelligence and Publicity Depart- 
ment, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 
Nanking. 



LI Tiac-sheng 

4* 4 * & % 

LI TIAO-SHENG, former Vice- 
Minister of Finance; born at Chang- 
chow, Kiangsu ; was graduated from 
the Hunan Provincial Law School ; 
joined the Tungmenghui before the 
1911 Revolution; director of Stamp Tax 
Bureau of Kwangtung Provincial 
Government; director of Stamp Tax 
Bureau of Kiangsu ; Commissioner of 
Finance in the Wuhan Nationalist 
Government; vice-Minister of Finance, 
1929-33 ; last known address : Ministry 
of Finance, Nanking. 



LI TIEN-LU, university professor; 
born 1886 ; received his college training 
at the Peking Methodist University, 
from which he received an A.B. degree 
in 1908 ; instructor in English at 
Peking Methodist University before 
going to America for advanced educa- 
tion ; received his A.M. degree from 
Vanderbilt University in 1914 and 
Ph.D. from the same school in 1916 ; 
attended Washington Conference as 
secretary of the Chinese delegation; 




Li T'ien-lu 
4- * *£ $ • w 

president of the Peking Academy 1922- 
23; dean of the School of Arts of 
Shantung Christian University 1923-27 
when he was appointed vice-president 
of that institution ; president of the 
University, 1929-30; dean of the Nan- 
king Theological Seminary since 1930 ; 
author of Congressional Policy in 
Respect to Chinese Immigration, which 
was published in America ; address : 
Nanking Theological Seminary, Nan- 
king. 




Dr. Ting-an LI (Li Ting-an) 

4- &-* 

TING-AN LI, public health com- 
missioner ; born in 1899 ; native of 
Chung-shan, Kwangtung ; took primary 
school education in Chung-shan and 
Hongkong 1905-1913 ; studied in Canton 
Christian College, Canton, 1914-1920 ; 
completed the premedical course in the 
Canton Christian College with honors 
1920 ; studied in Peking Union Medi- 
cal College, Peking, 1920-1926; and 
graduated from the Peking Union 
Medical College with honor and M.D. 
degree, 1926 ; assistant in Public Health, 
Peking Union Medical College, 1927 ; 
studied in Harvard University, U.S.A., 
1927-1929; Dr. P. H. (Harvard) 1929; 
Divisional Chief, Bureau of Public 
Health, City Government of Greater 
Shanghai 1929 ; associate in Public 
Health, Peking Union Medical College 
1930; promoted to be assistant professor 
1931 ; member of Technical Committee 



of the National Epidemic Prevention 
Bureau, 1931 ; Chairman of Council 
on Public Health, Chinese Medical 
Association, 1931-33 ; Commissioner, 
Bureau of Public Health, City Govern- 
ment of Greater Shanghai, since 1932 ; 
member of Committee on health edu- 
cation, Ministry of Education, 1983; 
author of "School Health . Syllabus," 
"Health Education" and a number of 
articles on Public Health : address : 
Bureau of Public Health, New Civic 
Center, Shanghai. 



Li Ting-hsin 

4 A *r £ *. # 

Li TING-HSIN, Naval officer. 
(See Page 248, 4th Edition). 




Dr. T. D. Lee (Li Tlnn-tung) 

DR. TING D. LEE, overseas Chinese 
physician, writer, lecturer and welfare 
worker; born at Fatshan, Kwangtung 
1898; received early education from pri- 
vate tutors in his home town ; went to 
America for higher education at the 
age of sixteen ; graduate of Asbury 
College, Wilmore, Kentucky, with B.A. 
degree, 1920 ; graduate of North- 
western University, School of Medicine, 
Chicago, with M.D. degree, 1925; 
while serving his internship at George 
Washington University Hospital at 
Washington, D. C, he took up post- 
graduate work in Pathology; returned 
to Canton in 1926, joining the teaching 
staff of Kwong Hua Medical College 
at Canton as professor of- pathology and 
internal medicine and as director of 
the Kwong Hua Hospital clinical 
laboratory for two years ; made his 
second trip to America in 1928 and 
since then has been practising medicine 
and surgery in Portland, Oregon ; 
meanwhile, interesting _ himself in 
various civic and patriotic activities of 
the local Chinese community; holds the 
position of clinical instructor in Oregon 
University Medical School, being the 
first and only Chinese who ever held 
such a position in the said university; 
member of the Chinese Consolidated 
Benevolent Association of Portland ; his 
wit and humor attract large audiences 
to his lectures in America, especially 
on subjects pertaining to the Sino- 
Japanese controversy in 1931-32 ; 
organized with other Chinese leaders of 
Portland the Portland Chinese Patriotic 
Society and the Chinese Aeronautic 
Association and School of America, 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



149 



1931 ; contributor of articles on subjects 
of medicine, sanitation and current 
topics to the Chinese Medical Journal, 
the American Medical Journal and the 
San Francisco Chinese Dailies; is well 
known in America among both overseas 
Chinese and Americans, especially along 
the Pacific coast ; address : 301-2 Gordon 
Bldg., Portland, Oregon, U.S.A. 





! for Party Protection and National 
Salvation), 1929; now. Commander of 
the Kwangsi Provincial Forces and 
concurrently member of the Southwest 
Political Council at Canton ; address.: 
Kwangsi Army Headquarters, Nanning, 
Kwangsi. 



Lee Tso-yu (Li Tsu-yu) 

4- & & $ % * 

LEE TSO-YU, jurist and Govern- 
ment official ; native of Changchow, 
Kiangsu, but born at Hangchow, Che- 
kiang, 1884 ; graduated from the 
department of political science and 
economics of Waseda University, Japan ; 
upon returning to China in 1908, he 
became an instructor at the Law School 
of Hupeh ; secretary in the Civil Affairs 
Department of Chekiang 1911 ; presiding 
judge of the Peking High Court 1912 ; 
judge of the Supreme Court 1914 ; in 
recognition of his meritorious services 
he was promoted presiding judge of 
the Supreme Court and concurrently 
member of the Disciplinary Commission 
of Judicial Officials and instructor of 
law at the Law Institute in Peking, 
1918 ; went to England, Germany, and 
other European countries to study 
judicial administration and investigate 
economic and financial conditions 1921 ; 
upon returning to China he resigned 
all governmental positions and became 
an attorney-at-law Shanghai 1922, when 
he initiated a movement for the 
rendition of the Shanghai Mixed Court; 
Chairman of the Shanghai Bar Associa- 
tion and member of the Standing 
Committee of the Chinese Ratepayers 
Association .at Shanghai; appointed 
member of the Fukien Provincial 
Government and concurrently Commis- 
sioner of Civil Affairs of Fukien 1934; 
which post he held for about a year ; 
author of "A Study on Finance" and 
"General Principles of Obligations in 
Civil Law" ; t he is now again practis- 
ing • law in' Shanghai. 



LI TCHUIN, diplomatic official; 
born at Meihsien, Kwangtung 1891 ; 
studied during his youth at the China 
National Institute and Nanyang College 
in Shanghai and the Customs College 
at Pjcking : upon establishment of the 
Republic in 1921, he was appointed a 
secretary in the Office of the President ; 
later he was sent by the Government to 
study in England and France ; appointed 
by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 
superintendent of Chinese laborers in 



Li Tchuin (Li Twin) 

# # $ m # 

France in 1917 ; appointed Vice-Consul 
at the Chinese Consulate-General in 
Paris, 1919 ; promoted 2nd class 
ecretary of the Chinese Legation in 
Paris, 1922 ; Consul-General at Singa- 
pore 1927 ; Consul-General in Canada 
1929 ; Consul-General at Paris, 1933 ; 
promoted Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Peru, March, 1934, which post he now 
retains ; address : Chinese Legation, 
Lima, Peru. 




Li Tsung-Jen 

4 <r -*=• ^ & & 

LI TSUNG-JEN, army commander ; 
born at Kweilin, Kwangsi, 1890 ; 
was graduated from Kweilin Military 
Academy at Kweilin; joined the army 
and after several years of service 
became a divisional commander ; com- 
mander ^ of the 7th army of the 
Nationalist Revolutionary Forces and 
was responsible for the capture of 
Kiukiang, Kiangsi, 1926 ; member of 
the Military Council and commander of 
the 3rd Route Northern Expeditionary 
Army which saved the Nationalist 
Capital, Nanking, from being captured 
by Sun Chuan-fang during the decisive 
battle of Lungtan near Chinkiang, 
Kiangsu, 1927 ; chairman of the Wuhan 
Division of the Central Political Council 
and concurrently Commander-in-Chief 
of the 4th Group Army in control 
of Hunan and Hupeh, 1928 ; State 
Councillor, 1928 ; Commander of the 
Hu-Tang-Chiu-Kuo-Chun (The Army 




Li Tsung-tuno 

4- * *l $ ** 4b 

LI TSUNG-TUNG, retired Govern- 
ment official; born at Peking, 1895; 
nephew of Li Shih-tseng, noted member 
of the Central Supervisory Committee of 
Kuomintang; went to France in 1913 
and was graduated from University of 
Paris ; professor of Peking National 
University, 1921 ; later professor of 
Peking Normal University ; professor 
and dean of Franco-Chinese University 
Peking ; established magazine "En 
Avant" protesting against the mal- 
administration of the former Peking 
Government, and in 1924 was ordered 
to be arrested by the authorities; 
director of national registration bureau, 
Nanking, 1927 ; counsellor to the 
Ministry of Agriculture and Mining; 
member of Peiping Political Council; 
director of Kailan Mining Administra- 
tion, concurrently serving as . secretary 
of Museum of Imperial Palace and 
member of the Commission for the 
Preservation of Imperial Antiques, 
Peiping ; he is now living in retire- 
ment; address: c/o Chekiaiche, Route 
Ferguson, Shanghai. 



GEN. LI TU, retired Commander of 
Kirin Self-Defense Force in opposition 
to the Japanese Invasion of Manchu- 
ria ; born at Yi-hsien, Liaoning, 1880 ; 
started his military career as an army 
scribe under the Manchu regime; 
received military training at Fengtien 
Military Academy, graduating in 1906 ; 
joined an army corps in Fengtien as 
a training instructor; served in various 
capacities in the Army during the 
early years of the Republic ; was 
commissioned to campaign against a 
Mongolian Bandit Force in Mongolia in 
1917 and succeeded in suppressing it; 
appointed a battalion Commander in 
Fengtien Army, 1919; Chief-of-Staff to 
the Defense Commissioner of Kirin 
and Changchun, 1920 ; Acting Director 
of the Kirin Arsenal, 1922 and 
concurrently Commander of 66th 
Regiment; Commander of the Garrison 
Force of Kirin, 1923 and in the 
following year, concurrently commander 
of the Martial Law Forces . of 
Chancchun ; Commander of 10th Brigade 
of Fengtien Infantry Force, 1925 ; 
Defense Commissioner of Dan District 



150 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Gen. Li Tu 

4 #■ 

and concurrently Commander of 24th 
Independent Brigade of Fengtien Army, 
1926 ; served as Field-Commander of 
Chinese Forces operating along the 
valleys of the Sungari River during 
the Si no-Russian War in 1929 ; 
promoted to the rank of Major-General 
for meritorious services in the War ; 
after the outbreak of the Japanese 
invasion of Manchuria in Sept. 1931, he 
was proclaimed Commander-in-Chief of 
the Self-Defense Forces of Kirin 
Province in opposition to the Japanese 
aggression in Manchuria ; he held out 
for a considerable time against the 
Japanese occupation of Kirin, but his 
opposition finally collapsed and he was 
forced to take refuge in Russia, where 
he remained for three months and 
returned to China in 1933 by way 
of Europe, while his troops were 
repatriated into Sinkiang ; he has since 
been residing in Shanghai. 



1924-26 ; re-appointed to Tientsin post 
1927, and promoted acting deputy 
Commissioner in October, 1930 ; Acting 
Deputy Commissioner, Wenchow, 1932 ; 
Acting Deputy Commissioner in Charge 
of Lungkow Customs, Lungkow, 1933 ; 
Acting Deputy Commissioner, Chefoo 
Customs, Chefoo, since 1934 ; address : 
Customs House, Chefoo. 





LI Wen-hao 

4 X jft f 5*1 *> 

LI WEN-HAO, Government official; 
born at Yungsin, Kiangsi, 1892 ; was 
graduated from the Kiangsi Law Col- 
lege ; upon leaving college, he entered 
the government service and successively 
served as army commissariat, customs 
superintendent, bank manager and 
etc. ; he now holds the following posts : 
managing-director of the Chung Yuan 
Coal Co., at Tsiao-tso in Honan, vice- 
director of Honan Provincial Farmer 
and Labor Bank at Kaifeng and 
administrative^ member of the Honan 
Provincial Government ; address : Chung 
Yuan Co., Tsiao-tso, Honan. 



Li Tung-wha (Li Tung-hua) 



*m #■ 



LI TUNG-WHA, acting deputy 
Commissioner of Chinese Maritime 
Customs service, Chefoo; born at 
Fuyang, Anhwei, on 3rd January, 
1897 ; received his education at Wesley 
College, Wuchang, 1909-14, and at 
Customs College, 1915-19 ; appointed 
assistant in Tientsin Customs, 1920; 
transferred to Shanghai Customs, 1921 ; 
assistant to revenue chief accountant 
in the Inspectorate General of Customs, 
Peking, 1922-28; secretary to Com- 
missioner of Customs, Lungchingtsun, 




assistant and later instructor in the 
physics department of the University 
of Chicago, receiving Ph.D. degree in 
1915, having devised a method for the 
production of extremely minute spheres 
which made possible the first really 
accurate measurement of the ejectric 
charge of an electron by professor R.A. 
Millikan ; elected to membership in 
Sigma Xi in 1909; elected "Fellow" of 
the American Physical Society and also 
"Fellow" of the American Association 
for the advancement of science; 
spent the years 1916-17 in scientific 
instrument factories and research 
laboratories ; returned to China in 1917 ; 
joined the National Committee of the 
Y.M.C.A.'s of China as head of its 
science laboratory and education 
department ; was among the first to 
take up radio broadcasting as an 
educational proposition in China ; served 
as professor of physics in Southeastern 
University, Nanking, in 1919 ; and also 
as technical adviser to the Shanghai 
Chinese General Chamber of Commerce, 
Chinese Cotton Mill Owners Association 
etc ; was sent by the Shanghai Chinese 
Chamber of Commerce in 1920 as a 
delegate to attend the foreign trade 
convention in America and to study 
industrial conditions in America and 
Europe ; appointed associate general 
secretary of the National Committee 
of Y.M.C.A. in 1921-30; was one of 
the original members of the National 
Christian Council and a member of 
its executive committee of the Council 
on Health Education, since 1922 ; chosen 
a member of the board of trustees of 
Shanghai College in 1927; appointed 
technical expert of the Ministry of 
Industry, Commerce and Labor and 
director of research in the Shanghai 
Bureau of Inspection and Testing of 
Commercial Commodities in September 
1930 ; address : National Committee of 
China, Y.M.C.A., 131 Museum Road, 
Shanghai. 



John Yiubong Lee (Li Yao-pang) 

#*# 
JOHN YIUBONG LEE, scientist and 
Government official ; born at Canton, 
Kwangttmg, Dec. 9, 1884 ; went to the 
United States in 1896 ; studied at a 
public school in Chicago; graduated 
from the Morgan Park Academy 
in Illinois, and the University of 
Chicago with B.S. degree in 1907 ; after 
graduation, he was appointed research 




Gen. Li Yen-lien 

#*-4 * £ 4 

GEN. LI YEN-LIEN, army officer; 
born at Kwang Liao, Shantung, 1902; 
was graduated in the first class - of 
the Whampoa Cadets' Academy in 
Canton ; served in the Training Corps 
of the" Academy and took part in the 
First East River Campaign against Chen 
Chiun-ming and the Campaign against 
Kwangsi Militarists at Canton, 1925 ; 
participated in the Shameen Incident 
in the same year ; fought in the second 
East River Campaign ; upon launching 
of the Northern Punitive Expedition 
in 1926, he was appointed a battalion 
commander in the First Army and 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



151 



participated in the battles at Wuchang 
and Nanchang ; promoted vice-com- 
mander of the 4th regiment and fought 
along the Shanghai-Hangchow Line in 
advance to Shanghai, 1927; appointed 
commander of the 5th regiment of the 
First Army and fought against Sun 
Chuan-fang's Forces at Lungtan on 
Shanghai-Nanking Line, Haichow, Peng- 
pu and Hsuchow on the Tientsin-Pukow 
Line ; promoted Major - General for 
meritorious services, 1927 ; campaigned 
against Chang Chung-chang's remnants 
at Hanchwang and Taian on the 
Tsinpu Line and was in defence of 
Tsinan City when the Tainan Tragedy 
occurred on May 8, 1928 ; promoted vice- 
commander of the 2nd Division after 
the Incident and was soon transferred 
as commander of the 26th Brigade of 
the 9th Division ; participated in the 
campaign against Kwangsi Faction in 
Wuhan ; fought in punitive expedition 
against Tang Sheng-chih and Feng 
Yu-hsiang, 1980 ; campaigned against 
the Northern Military Coalition of Yen 
Hsi-shan and Feng Yu-hsiang 1981 and 
fought at Kweiteh, Chengchow and other 
important points on the Peiping-Hankow 
Line; appointed vice-commander of the 
2nd Division of the National Guards ; 
transferred as vice-Commander of the 
88th Division of the pth Army, 1982 
and fought against the Japanese 
at Shanghai ; in recognition of his 
meritorious service during the war in 
Shanghai, he was promoted Commander 
of the 9th Division ; participated in 
the campaign against the Fukien 
Independence Movement, 1983-84 ; since 
the collapse of the Movement, he has 
been engaged in Communist-suppression 
work in Fukien ; address : Headquarters 
of the 9th Division, Changchow, Fukien. 



of various salt producing and revenue 
collecting districts such as Haipei, 
Fukien, Chuanpei, etc. ; address : 
Auditorate of Salt Revenue, Chungking, 
Szechuen. 




Y. Y. Lee (LI Y!-yu) 

# # * 
Y. Y. LEE, salt official; born at 
Taishan, Kwangtung, Nov. 30, 1886 ; 
went to the United States in 1900 
and studied in various public and high 
schools in the North-west ; was graduated 
from Harvard University in 1912 with 
A.B. degree ; returned to China in 1912, 
immediately after the Revolution and 
was sent to the South Sea Islands as a 
special investigator by Hu Han-min, 
then Tutuh of Kwangtung, on behalf 
of ^hs Waichiaopu (Foreign Office) ; 
after completing this task, he was 
appointed by the Waichiaopu (Peking) 
as deputy of Foreign Affairs at Pakhoi, 
Kwangtung; joined the Salt Gabelle in 
1914. and has continued in this service 
to the present, having been in charge 




LI Ying-lin 

■^ A $>■ 
LI YING-LIN, educator and welfare 
worker ; born at Canton, Kwangtung, 
1894 ; was graduated from the Lingnan 
University Middle School in 1914 ; 
student secretary of the Canton 
Y.M.C.A., 1915 ; went to America and 
studied at Oberlin College, graduating 
in 1920 ; came back to Canton in 
1920 and joined the Canton Y.M.C.A. 
as associate general-secretary and later 
acting general-secretary; director of the 
social survey bureau under the Canton 
Government, 1926 ; vice-President of 
Lingnan University (formerly Canton 
Christain College) , 1927 to the present ; 
in addition to his duties at the said 
University, he now also serves as adviser 
to the department of reconstruction of 
the Kwangtung Provincial Government 
and chairman of the council of Christain 
higher education in China; author of 
many articles on international relations 
and on social conditions in Canton ; 
address: Lingnan University, Canton. 




LI Yuk-tong (LI Yu-tang) 

LI YUK-TONG, banker and insur- 
ance man ; born at Tai-shan, Kwang- 
tung, 1850 ; went to America when 
a youth and acquired considerable 



business experience there; upon his 
return to China, he established the 
King Li Yuen Co., at Hongkong ; became 
interested in insurance business and 
organised many insurance companies, 
including the Hong Nin Life Insurance 
Co., the Lun Yick Fire Insurance and 
Marine Insurance Co., the Lun Tai Fire 
and Marine Insurance Co., the Shanghai 
Fire and Marine Insurance Co., etc. ; 
member of the Kuomintang party and 
was appointed Commissioner of Finance 
for Canton shortly after the 1911 
Revolution, which position he held for 
six months ; returned to his insurance 
business and established branches of 
his companies in various cities in China 
and in the South Sea Islands; promoter 
of the Bank of Canton with its head 
office at Hongkong, of which he has 
served as chairman of the board of 
directors and the managing director 
since its establishment, the bank having 
branches at Shanghai, Hankow, New 
York, San Francisco and Bangkok ; 
made an extensive tour in Europe in 
1920, investigating foreign banking and 
insurance systems ; following his return, 
he promoted and organised the Sun 
Sun Department Store at Shanghai fit 
which he was the managing-director 
for several years ; contributes liberally 
to charitable work and the cause of 
education: director of the Kwangtung 
Hospital at Canton and a director of 
the Agricultural School of Canton 
Christain College (now Lingnan 
University), to which he made the 
largest contribution ; though a man on 
his eighties, he is still in sound health 
and active in his business. 



cial 



Li Yuan 
# a. £ *fc * 

LI YUAN, retired government offi- 



(See Page 251, 4th Edition). 




William Yinson Lee (LI Yuan-hsln) 

WILLIAM YINSON LEE, business 
man, partner in Associated Life 
Underwriters, Shanghai, life insurance 
consultants and agents for several life 
insurance companies ; is also connected 
with The Tai Ping Insurance Company, 
Shanghai ; and a director of several 
commercial concerns ; born at Sydney, 
Australia, in 1884, his ancestral home 
being in Chungshan Hsien, Kwangtung 
province; eldest son of William R. G. 
Lee ( Lee Yik-f ai ) . merchant of Sydney. 
Hongkong and Kwangtung; received 



152 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



Students' Association and various other 
social organizations ; a golf enthusiast, 
a connoisseur of Chinese art and 
possessor of a unique collection of 
antique Chinese porcelain and pictures 
and ancient Chinese coins ; address : 
Pass. 520, 10 Yu Yuen Road, Shanghai. 



Li Yuan-hung 
% ?L n % fc fy 

LI YUAN-HUNG, ex-President of 
China. 
(See Page 252, 4th Edition). 




his . education at Stott's College, Sydney, 
and under private tutors in Hongkong; 
came to China in 1803 and joined the 
law firm of Johnson, Stokes and Master 
in Hongkong, 1903-09 ; as representative 
of an influential group of Hongkong 
merchants he accompanied Admiral 
Li Tsun on a visit and survey of 
Yulinkan, Hainan Island, at that time 
proposed as a naval base, and also, on 
a survey of the Paracel Islands which 
lie between Hainan and the Philippines, 
when these islands were claimed by 
this expedition on behalf of the Chinese 
Government, 1909 ; was engaged in 
commercial pursuits in Australia, 
Hongkong and Canton, 1910-22; was 
co-director of Brewer Laboratories, 
Worcester, Mass. and Shanghai, 1923-27 ; 
he is a life governor of the Royal 
Prince Alfred Hospital in Sydney; 
member of the Millions Club of New 
South Wales ; holds high Masonic 
degrees in the New South Wales, the 
Scottish and several American and the 
Philippine constitutions ; has the 
distinction of being the youngest Mason 
ever initiated in the Southern Hemis- 
phere, he being only 18 years and 3 
months old at his initiation ; is a Royal 
Arch Mason of the New South Wale», 
Scottish and American jurisdictions ; a 
member of the Ancient and Accepted 
Scottish Rite; a Knight of Malta and 
Knight Templar of Edinburgh ; Shriner 
of Aleppo Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., 
Boston ; a member of the Order of the 
Eastern Star, Shanghai Chapter No. 8, 
etc. ; made a tour of the South Sea 
Islands, Australia, Europe and America, 
1922-23 and came to Shanghai in 1924, 
since which time he has been engaged 
in commercial pursuits and associated 
with numerous social activities including 
the following: founder of the Y's 
Men's Club of Shanghai, its president, 
1924-7 and 1932-3, its chairman of the 
board of directors for various terms ; 
appointed by the International Associa- 
tion of Y's Men's Clubs in the United 
States its Regional Director for China, 
1931-5; founder and director of the 
Shanghai Y's Men's Free Baby Clinic, 
1927-35 ; founder and director of the 
Y.W.C.A. Free Baby Clinic, 1928-32; 
founder and president of the Chinese 
Mission to Lepers, 1926-33, director 
1934-5 ; director of the Shanghai 
Chinese Y.M.C.A., 1924-32; director of 
the National Committee, Y.M.C.A.'s of 
China, 1926; director of Shanghai 
Rotary Club, 1926-3 and on various 
committees, 1929-35 ; member of the 
governing board of the Shanghai 
Community Church (inter-denomina- 
tional), 1928-33; director of the 
National Child Welfare Association of 
China, 1929-31 ; director of the Shang- 
hai Dental College, 1930-33; founder 
member of Amity Lodge, No. 106, 
A.F. & A.M., Philippine Constitution 
1930; director of the Kwangtung Guild 
and Cantonese Schools in Shanghai 
since 1929, and the Cantonese Residents" 
Association since 1934 ; member of the 
Shanghai Bankers' Club, Kwangtung 
Club, Rotary Club, Y's Men's Club, LIANG HAN-CHAO, Chief Secre- 
Kiangwan Country Club (resigned) tary of Legislative Yuan; born at 
Pan-Pacific Association, China Institute K ,f oya ?' . Kwangtung, 1901 ; studied at 
of International Relations Royal ^ted £ r^T'the ^cSn '' ,ffi 
rw™ ^ ^ Nunlil " na . t ' c Safety of Normal Col , ege Secretary of UMs g£ 
China, The Connoisseur's Club, Phi „f Communications: Secretary-General 
Lambda Fraternity, American Returned I of Central Party Headquarters of the 




Li Yung-fang 

4 &* 

LI YUNG-FANG, author and 
university professor; born in Lan 
Hsien, Chihli, October 29, 1887 ; received 
B.A., in 1911, and M.A. in 1913 at 
Peking University; went to U.S.A. for 
advanced education ; studied in the 
University of Chicago, 1914-17, summer 
quarters ; after his return, appointed 
associate professor of Old Testament in 
Yenching University 1921-28 ; promoted 
to be the Dean of the School of Religion, 
at the same University, 1926-28 ; he 
went to England to enter King's 
College, London University, London, in 
the winter of 1928; professor in the 
Department of Biblical Literature and 
concurrently Head of the Department 
of Church Administration and Worship. 
School of Religion, Yenching University, 
since 1929 ; author of "The Characters 
of the Old Testament" "An Introduction 
to the Literature of the Old Testament" 
"Fragments Excavated in Palestine" 
and "Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha" ; 
address : Yenching University, Peiping. 



Liang Han-chao 

■£ & # ^ ;t- JR. 

Kuomintang ; Counsellor to the Ministry 
of Finance, 1927 ; Secretary and later 
counsellor to the Ministry of Railways, 
1927-31 ; Director of General Affairs 
Department of Ministry of Railways, 
1931 ; elected reserve member of the 
Central Executive Committee, 1931 ; 
Chief Secretary of the Legislative Yuan, 
since Jan. 1933 ; address : Legislative 
Yuan, Nanking. 



Liang Chi-chao 

* * M. 

LIANG CHI-CHAO, scholar 
reformer^ 
(See Page 253, 4th Edition). 



and 




M. T. Liang (Liang Ju-hao) 

M. T. LIANG, retired Government 
official ; born at Tang-chia, Kwangtung, 
1860 ; was sent to America as a 
government student, 1874 ; studied 
engineering at Steven's Institute of 
Techology U.S.A. and returned to China 
in 1881; managing-director of the 
Shanhaikwan Railway ; Customs Taotai 
of Tientsin, 1907 ; circuit magistrate 
of Shanghai, Oct. 1907 ; chief secretary 
to the Viceroy of the Three Eastern 
Provinces, 1908-09 ; Minister of Foreign 
Affairs, 1912; elected president of the 
North China International Society of 
Famine Relief, 1912 ; high adviser to 
the Chinese delegation to the Washing- 
ton Conference, 1921 ; director-general 
of the bureau for the rendition of 
Weihaiwei, 1922 ; vice-president of the 
Rotary Club of Tientsin, 1928 ; chairman 
of China International Famine Relief 
Committee, 1923-31 ; he is now living 
in retirement at Tientsin. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



153 



Lian Lang-hsun 
$ m fh 
LIANG LANG-HSUN, retired Gov- 
ernment official. 
(See Page 254, 4th Edition). 




LONE LIANG, diplomatist, jurist; 
born in Meihsien, Kwangtung in 1894 ; 
received early education at home ; 
attended middle schools at Canton and 
Tokyo ; studied law and economics at 
the University of London, Cambridge 
and Aberdeen 1912-21 and obtained 
degrees of B.A., M.A. and LL.M. ; 
research in Berlin 1921-8 ; Director of 
Law School in Canton University and 
Presiding Judge of the Supreme Court 
in Canton 1923-5 ; member of the 
National Constitution Drafting Com- 
mission 1925 ; President of the Peking 
School of Law and Political Science 
and lecturer at Peking University 1926 ; 
Judge of the Provisional Court in the 
Shanghai Settlement, 1927-28 ; member 
of the Treaties Commission in the 
Foreign Office, Nanking, 1928; Council- 
lor of the Chinese Legation at Berlin, 
1929-33 ; at present Charge de Affairs 
at Prague, Czechoslavakia ; address : 
Chinese Legation, Prague, Czechoslava- 
kia. 



Literary Digest, and translated into 
Malay in The Hoakiao; The Time* 
(London) has printed his comments 
on the theatre and Peiping life; 
has delivered numerous lectures on 
the Chinese theatre in Peiping, Tientsin, 
Shanghai, Hangchow, and Soochow ; 
apart from an unusually complete 
library on current plays, also scrolls, 
photographs, rare books, face paintings, 
newspaper cuttings of the stage, he 
possesses notes on more than three 
hundred plays that are covered scene by 
scene; knows all the leading acton, 
musicians, playwrights ; he is compiling 
material on the less known beauty 
spots of Peiping ; lives in the famous 
old garden, the Pan Mou Yuan, 
situated in 3a Niu P'ai-tsu Hut'ung, 
inside of Kung Hsien Hut'ung, Pei- 
ping. 



Liang Lei-ya (Liang Lleh-ya) 

♦ A3, 

LIANG LEI-YA, electric engineer; 
born at Wu-ning, Kwangsi, 1897 ; director 
of electrical department, Ministry of 
Communications, Military Government 
at Canton, 1920 ; accompanied the 
Expeditionary Forces from Canton to 
Kwangsi, July 1921 and was appointed 
magistrate of Wu-ning; director of the 
electrical administration of Kwangsi, 
1922 ; magistrate of Tung Kuan of 
Kwangtung and concurrently counseller 
of the Provincial Government of Kwang- 
tung, 1923 ; editor of the Shanghai 
Independent Weekly, 1926 ; civil inspector 
of districts of Nanhui, Chuansha and 
Feng Hsien of Kiangsu in connection 
with the work of improving" the ad- 
ministration of these districts and the 
party organizations, 1927 ; director of 
Electrial Administration of Anhwei, 
1927-28 and in that capacity, he 
established a short wave radio station 
at Wuhu and Anking respectively; 
transferred to Shantung as director of 
Electrical Administration and was re- 
sponsible for the erection of four short 
wave stations at Tsir.an and Tsingtao. 




Liang Shlh-i 
****** 

LIANG SHIH-I, Government official. 
(See Page 255 4th Edition). 




Lone Lian? (Liang Lung) 
#• # ^ te ^ 



George Kin Leung (Liang Shi-chien) 

•qr ^x "4^ 
GEORGE KIN LEUNG, critic of the 
Chinese theatre and short story writer ; 
native of Hsin.Hui District, Kwangtung ; 
born in Atlantic City, New Jersey, 
U.S.A., July 17, 1889 ; was graduated 
from the Atlantic City High School in 
June 1918 ; studied the work of leading 
singers, actors, musicians, lecturers 
and artists in New York City ; 
on his return to China, he has resided 
in Peiping, Shanghai, Canton, and 
Hangchow; translated two novelettes 
from the Chinese into English: The 
Lone Swan and The True Story of Ah 
Q. (published by the Commercial Press, 
Shanghai) ; since 1926, he has devoted 
himself to the Chinese theatre.specializ- 
ing in the living classic drama of 
Peking although he has written on 
various phases such as Cantonese plays, 
the modern spoken drama, the Chinese 
talking picture, amusements of the poor, 
life in Peiping, etc. ; the two books : 
Mei Lan-fang and Repertoire for the 
American Tour of Mei Lartrfang, which 
were instrumental in introducing the 
art of the actor to the American public 
on his tour and which aroused a 
wide interest in the Chinese theatre, 
were prepared by him in 1929 ; his 
third book The Chinese Theatre To-day 
is now in course of preparation ; 
has contributed articles to The North- 
China Daily News and The China 
Journal (Shanghai), Pacific Affairs, 
National Geographical Magazine, and 
Asia Magazine (American), "The 
Chinese Actress" (published in 
the latter) being quoted by The 
Illustrated Loudon Ncics, The 




Hubert S. Liang (Liang Shih-shun) 

4fc * #L 
HUBERT S. LIANG, social worker 
and university professor ; born at Nan- 
chang, Kiangsi, Aug. 5, 1903; received 
his early education at Nanchang and 
Kiukiang in both Government and 
mission schools ; entered William Nast 
Academy (then known as William Nast 
College) in 1916 and went to the 
United States to continue his studies, 
1920; he attended the following schools 
in U.S.A. : Baldwin - Wallace College 
(Ohio), Depauw University (Indiana), 
and University of Chicago (Illinois) : 
for a year and a half, he was enrolled 
as a student in the Ford School of 
Technology, Michigan ; his interest was 
first in engineering which was later 
shifted to journalism, publicity and the 
field of public relations counsel at large ; 
worked in the Detroit News from 1926 
to 1928 when he returned to China ; 
since his return, he has acted as a 
special correspondent for the Detroit 
News in Shanghai; appointed secretary 
of the National Committee of Y.M.C.A.'s 
of China, spring, 1928 ; later he became 
executive secretary of the General 
Division of the Committee ; lectured on 
journalism in the East China Summer 
School in Shanghai for two summers. 
192S-29 and at the University of 
Shanghai, 1929-30 ; lectured on Social 
Publicity at the Y.M.C.A. Summer 
School held at Ruling. Kiangsi, summer 
'of 1931 ; went with Dr. David Z. T. Yui 



154 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



on a special goodwill mission to the 
United States in Autumn of 1932 on 
behalf of Chinese people's organizations 
in Shanghai ; when Dr. Yui broke down 
in Washington, D.C. in Jan. 1933, he 
was in charge of the work of the 
mission ; returned to China to confer 
with leaders of the Government and the 
people April, 1933 and then went back 
to the United States to resume the work 
of the mission ; delegate to Norman 
Harris Institute Conference at Chicago, 
June, 1933 ; delegate to Public Affairs 
Institute Conference at University of 
Virginia, Virginia, July, 1933 ; delegate 
to the 5th Biennial Conference of the 
Institute of Pacific Relations held at 
Banff, Canada, August 1933 ; travelled 
in Europe on way of return to China 
and arrived at Shanghai, winter, 1933 ; 
special correspondent for the Christian 
Science Monitor; special correspondent 
of Time Magazine; now professor at 
Yenching University, and concurrently 
dean of the School of Journalism of the 
same University ; author of "Applied 
Publicity" in Chinese ; address : Yen- 
ching University, Peiping. 



Salvation Movement of the Chinese 
People," 1933; address: Institute of 
Rural Reconstruction, Tsouping, Shan- 
tung. 





Liang Shu-ming 

.& at « 

LIANG SHU-MING, university 
professor and social reformer ; native 
of Kweilin, Kwangsi ; born at Peking, 
1893 ; did intensive research work in 
Buddhism and philosophy ; served as 
secretary in the Ministry of Justice 
of the Peking Government, 1917 ; 
taught philosophy in Peking University, 
1917-24; founded the Tsaochow High 
School in Shantung, 1 924 ; refused 
appointment as a member of the 
Kwangtung Provincial Government, but 
accepted appointment as member and 
concurrently chairman of the Re- 
construction Committee of the Canton 
Branch of the Central Political Council, 
1928 ; Principal of the Kwangtung 
Provincial 1st Middle School at Canton 
1929 ; founded the Institute of Local 
Self-Government in Honan and taught 
at the Institute, 1929-30; chief editor 
of the Local Self-Government Monthly 
in Peiping, 1929-32 ; after the Honan 
Institute was closed, he founded the. 
Shantung Institute of Rural Reconstruc- 
tion at Tsouping, of which he was head 
of the Research Department for Rural 
Reconstruction, 1931 and president, since 
1933 ; devoted himself to the cause of 
national self -salvation of China; author 
of "An Introduction to Indian Philoso- 
phy," 1919 ; "Civilization and Philosophy 
of the Orient and the Occident," 1922 : 
and "Last Chance for the Self- 



! Sluchoh C. Leung (Liang Hsiao-chu) 

* * W $ >h vj 

SIUCHOH C. LEUNG, religious 
leader and social worker ; born at 
Fatshan, Kwangtung, May 7, 1889 ; 
studied twice in America with Master 
degrees from Vanderbilt University 
and the Y.M.C.A. Graduate School; 
member of Omicron Delta Gamma 
(American Economic Fraternity) ; con- 
nected with the Canton Y.M.C.A. from 
1908-30, and has been its chief executive 
officer for 12 years ; took leading part 
in numerous movements against licensed 
gambling, opium smoking, maid-slavery, 
concubinage and prostitution in Canton ; 
was one time chairman of the Canton 
Citywide Evangelistic Campaign in 1920 ; 
president of the Canton Christian 
Federation and moderator of the 
Kwangtung Synod of the Church of 
Christ in China; attended the meetings 
of the International Missionary Council 
in Ratvik, Sweden in 1926, and in 
Williamstown, Mass.. U.S.A., in 1929 ; 
studied social and economic conditions 
in Soviet Russia; was delegate to the 
World's Student Christian Federation 
at Nyborg, Denmark in 1926, and at 
Lake Mohank, N.Y., in 1927; attended 
the World's conferences of the Y.M.C.A. 
held in Helsingfors, Finland in 1926 
and in Toronto and Cleveland in 1981 ; 
Author of "The Emergence of the Labor 
Problem in China," and the "Psychology 
of Jesus ;" at present Acting National 
General Secretary of the Y.M.C.A. of 
China ; address : National Committee 
of the Y.M.C.A., 181 Museum Road, 
Shanghai. 



than three weeks when the Army finally 
retired en bloc to Soochow ; during the 
fighting in Chapei, he was responsible 
for the recapture of the Oriental Library 
of the Commercial Press ; the well- 
known Chinese machine-gunner "Charlie 
Chang" belonged to his regiment ; after 
the close of the Shanghai War, he was 
transferred to Fukien to suppress the 
Communists in that province ; resigned 
from his post after the collapse of 
the Independence Movement of the 19th 
Route Army in Fukien in 1934. 




Col. Liang Tso-hsun 
* « % 
COL. LIANG TSO-HSUN, army 
officer ; born at Hsinhsin district, Kwang- 
tung, 1896; received his training at 
Canton and participated in the early 
revolutionary uprisings ; joined the 19th 
Route Army first as a non-commissioned 
officer and was soon promoted to the 
command of a regiment ; upon the 
outbreak of the Shanghai War, he 
was commander of the 5th Regiment 
of 60th Division of 19th Route Army 
and was stationed at Soochow; after 
extension of the hostilities, his regiment 
was rushed to Shanghai to defend the 
North Station which he successfully held 
against the Japanese attacks for more I 



Liang Yuen-li 

YUEN - LI LIANG, Government 
official; born in 1900 at Sing-Chang, 
Chekiang; received his preparatory 
education at Nanyang University, after 
which he was English editor for the 
Chung Hwa Book Company; studied 
for three years at the Comparative 
Law School, from which he received 
his LL.B. degree and was elected to 
Phi Tau Phi, scholastic honor society; 
studied French and Latin at l'Universite 
l'Aurore ; while in the Law School he 
was for two years editor of the China 
Law Review, 1924-26; assistant editor, 
Min Pao, Peking, 1926; lecturer in 
political science and English consti- 
tutional history, prelegal department, 
Comparative Law School, 1926-27 ; chief 
editor, department of legal publications. 
Commercial Press, 1926-27; admitted to 
the Bar, 1927 ; appointed secretary to 
the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and 
concurrently chief of the bureau, April, 
1927; lecturer on China's international 
relations, Comparative Law School, 
1927-28 ; appointed secretary to the 
Ministry of Justice, April, 1928 and 
in this capacity was detailed to serve 
on the committee for the revision of 
the law of nationality, to represent the 
Ministry in the National Conferences on 
Education and Finance ; appointed judge 
in the civil division of the Shanghai 
Provisional Court, Sept. 1928; professor 
of law at the Comparative Law School 
teaching international law and Roman 
law, 1928-29; lecturer in international 
law at Chih Tse University, Shanghai, 
1928-29 ; appointed secretary at the 
Chinese Legation, Washington, D.C, 
May, 1929 ; served as technical adviser 
to the Chinese delegation at the 10th 
Assembly of the League of Nations in 
Sept., 1929 ; served as technical adviser 
to the Chinese delegation at the 
conference on Codification of Interna- 
tional Law at the Hague in March, 
1930 ; Carnegie Teachers Fellow in 
international law, Harvard Law School, 
1930-31 ; Lecturer on China's inter- 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



155 



national relations, 1931-32 ; Technical 
Adviser to the Chinese Delegation to 
the Extraordinary Assembly of the 
League of Nations, 1932 ; Counsellor of 
the Executive Yuan, 1933 ; Senior 
Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs since 1934 ; author of "The 
First Year of the Far Eastern Crisis" 
and other papers ; translator of "The 
Chinese Supreme Court Decision" ; 
translator into Chinese of Prof. 
Fenwick's work on International Law ; 
address : Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 
Nanking. 





Sze-chen Liao (Xiao Shih-cheng) 
$■ *t #. $ % *> 

SZE-CHEN LIAO, university pre- 
sident ; born at Eating, Kiangsu, 1893 ; 
after his graduation from the Nanyang 
College Middle School at Shanghai, he 
entered Tsinghua College at Peking 
and was sent on a Boxer indemnity 
scholarship to America, where he attend- 
ed Brown University and received his 
Ph.B. and M.A. degrees upon gradua- 
tion, and Teachers' College, Columbia 
University; was elected to Sigma XI 
and awarded James Manning scholar- 
ship, 1918 ; received his Ph.D. degree 
from Brown University, 1920 ; upon 
returning to China, he taught in the 
High Normal School and later joined 
National Southeastern University at 
Nanking as professor of educational 
psychology and director of the 
University Middle School ; Vice-President 
of Kwang Hua University, Shanghai, 
since 1980; author of the following 
books: "Principles of Secondary 
Education," "Middle School Education 
in China," "Group Intelligence Tests," 
(all published by the Commercial Press, 
Shanghai), "Educational Phychology," 
(Chung Hua Book Co., Shanghai) ; 
he also translated Colvin and Bagley's 
"Human Behavior" (Chung Hua Book 
Co.) ; editor of the secondary education 
magazine; chairman of the secondary 
educational committee organised by the 
Chinese National Association for the 
Advancement of Education; address: 
Kw«ng Hua University, Shanghai. 



LIEH WEI, Government official; 
born at Shao Yang, Hunan; was 
graduated from the College of Political 
Science at Tokyo, Japan; he has held 
the following positions: chief justice 
of the Ewangsi Local Court; Superin- 
tendent of the Changsha Customs 
Administration ; Commissioner of For- 
eign Affairs of Hunan; chief of 
the Civil Affairs Bureau of Kwangsi 



Lien Wei 
& * ^ fc *P 
Province ; member of the Kwangsi 
Provincial Government and concurrently 
director of the Civil Affairs Depart- 
ment ; address : Kwangsi Provincial 
Government, Nanning, Kwangsi. 




Lien Sing-hai (Lien Shen-hai) 

*#* 
LIEN SING-HAI, Government 
official ; born in Hsuen Teh, Kwangtung 
in 1884 ; studied in Japan and was 
graduated in political science and 
economics from Waseda University in 
1916 ; joined the Tung Meng Hui at 
age of 20 and took charge of the 
Cantonese members of that organization 
in Shanghai in 1910-11 ; after joining 
that revolutionary society he became 
a close follower of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, 
particularly in Dr. Sun's work in the 
Straits Settlements before the downfall 
of the Manchu Dynasty and in 
Shanghai and Japan after the Second 
Revolution; on returning from Japan, 
he was appointed secretary to the 
Senate; served as ranking secretary 
of the Military Government, the 
Generalissimo's Headquarters and the 
President's Office 1918-24; chief, bureau 
of engraving of the Generalissimo's 
Headquarters and President's Office for 
several years ; upon the reorganization 
of the National Government he 
was appointed secretary and later 
relinquished this position to reorganize 
the Kwangtung Provincial Government; 
secretary-general of the Ministry of 
Communications and early in 1926 



secretary - genera} of the Nationalist 
Government at Hankow ; he also served 
in the same capacity at Nanking for 
five months ; political vice-Minister of 
the Ministry of Railways 1929-31 ; now 
member of the State Council of the 
National Government; author of a work 
on Chinese engraving and co-translator 
of a number of famous English novels 
into Chinese ; address : c/o National 
Government, Nanking. 




Lin Chao-nan 

foM. * 3= # £. 

LIN CHAO-NAN, judicial official: 
born at Chieung San, Hainan, Kwang- 
tung, 1894 ; graduate of Government 
Law School, Canton, and Law School, 
Japan ; member of the Kwangtung 
Provincial Assembly; head of Legal 
Department, Kwangtung Provincial 
Assembly; high advisor to Kwangtung 
Provincial Government; Councillor in 
the Headquarters of the Commander- 
in-chief of the Kwangtung Army; 
Commissioner of West River Finance 
Rehabilitation Office; Councillor in the 
Generalissimo's Headquarters ; Chief of 
Funds Raising Bureaux of Hsiung San 
and Suntak districts (Kwangtung) ; 
High Procurator of Kwangtung 
Province; High Procurator of Kwangsi 
Province; Chief Procurator, Koyiu 
District; Chief Procurator, Chunghai 
District; Secretary and Councillor in 
National Government's War Zone 
Political Committee; Special Commis- 
sioner and Investigator to the South 
Sea Islands; Chief Procurator of First 
District Court of Fukien High Court; 
Chief Procurator of Hupeh High Court ; 
President of Kwangsi High Court; 
Chief Procurator of Kansu High Court, 
which position he now holds ; address : 
Kansu High Court, Lanchow, Kansu. 



LIN CHENG-HSIU, Government 
official ; born at Liao-chung, Liaoning, 
1875 ; when a mere boy, he passed the 
literary examinations with distinction; 
after abolition of the examination 
system, he enrolled in the High Normal 
College at Mukden where he took a 
three-year course in mathematics and 
chemistry and was graduated with 
honors, being given the degree of 
Chu-Jen by the Ching Government ; 
after leaving college, he was engaged 
in educational work for over ten years, 
having successively served as an 
instructor in normal colleges, member 
of the Fengtien Provincial Educational 
Bureau, inspector of education and 
president of Liao-Chung School ; entered 
government service and was elected 



156 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Lin Cheng-shlu 

#>&& $ & M 

member and later vice-president of 
the Fengtien Provincial Assembly ; chief 
of the Provincial Cadastral Bureau of 
Mukden and in that capacity, rendered 
distinguished service in the settlement 
of many complicated cases pertaining 
to ownership of lands ; served as an 
adviser to several Civil Governors of 
Fengtien ; assisted the Northeastern 
Forces in taking over the administration 
of Hopei after the fall of Yen Hsi-shan 
and was appointed a member of Hopei 
Provincial Government and concurrently 
Commissioner of Reconstruction which 
positions he held for a considerable 
time. 




Liem Kha-tong (Lin Chia-tung) 
fr A & 

LIEM KHA-TONG, overseas Chinese 
journalist ; born at Batang, residency 
Pekalongan (Java, D.E.I. ), August 7, 
1905 ; was graduated from the Dutch 
Higher Grade School, and Dutch Com- 
mercial Evening School, Batavia ; editer 
of the Malay Business Magazine; Re- 
clame & Efficiency Dagang (Adver- 
tising & Efficiency Business Monthly), 
Batavia ; managing director of The 
Imperial Co., Meester Cornelis ; mem- 
ber of the Town Municipality, Meester 
Cornelis ; President of the Hua Chiao 
Tsing Nien Hui, Batavia ; address : 10, 
Koningin Emmalaan, Meester Cornelis 
(Batavia, Java, D.E.I.) . 




Col. Lin Chin 

COL. LIN CHIN, army officer; born 
at Chungshan, Kwangtung, 1893; 
graduate of the Paoting Military 
Officers' College, specializing in infantry 
tractics ; second in command of the 
30th Regiment of 10th Division, 1926 ; 
chief adjutant officer to the Commander 
of 24th Division during the Northern 
Punitive Expedition at Wuchang, 1926 
and participated in the battles of 
Ting-sze-chiao, Wuchang ; chief of staff 
to the Commander of the 26th Division 
and fought many battles in Kwangtung 
and Hunan for the suppression of 
Communists, 1929; director of Nanking 
Office of the 19th Route Army, 1930 
and was soon transferred to the 
post of Chief Adjutant Officer to the 
Headquarters of Garrison Commander 
of Shanghai and Nanking; upon the 
outbreak of the Japanese Hostilities in 
Shanghai on Jan. 28, 1981, he was 
transferred as Chief Adjutant Officer 
of the Headquarters of the Garrison 
Commander of Shanghai and Woosung, 
in which capacity he rendered great 
service in assisting the 19th Route Army 
in sending supplies to the front and 
directing the army communication ; last 
known address: Garrison Headquarters 
of Shanghai and Woosung, Lunghua, 
Shanghai. 




March 4, 1898; after receiving his 
preliminary education in the schooJa 
of bis native province he attended 
Fukien Christian College at Foochow, 
1916-19 ; went to America and at- 
tended Oberlin College, Ohio, 1919-20; 
Harvard University, 1920-22; Columbia 
University, 1922-25 ; Drew Seminary, 
New Jersey, 1925-26 ; on returning to 
China in 1927 he joined the faculty of 
Fukien Christian University as lecturer 
in political science and economics; he 
was made chairman of the administration 
commission of the University in 1927 
and president of the same institution, 
since 1928 ; president of the Fukien 
Christian Education Association, 1928- 
34 ; president of the China Christian 
Educational Association, 1930-84 ; author 
of "The Liaotung Case" and "Open 
Door Policy" ; address : Fukien Christian 
University, Foochow. 



Chlng-jun Lin (Lin Ching-jen) 

«. •*■ m 

CHING-JUN LIN, university pre- 
sident; born at Hinghwa, Fukien on 




Wilfred Ling (Lin Fang-po) 
* # Ab 

WILFRED LING, newspaperman ; 
born at Canton, Kwangtung, 1901; 
received his preliminary education at 
Hankow ; attended the St. John's 
University Middle School, Shanghai, 
graduating in 1919; obtained his 
college education at Boone University, 
Wuchang and was graduated Cum Laude 
in 1924 ; joined the editorial staff of the 
Hankow Herald as a reporter in 1924 
and became city editor of the paper in 
1925 ; married Miss Linyin Wei, a Han- 
kow Chinese newspaper correspondent, 
1928 ; Nanking correspondent of the 
United Press and later of the Renter's 
Service; now correspondent of Reuters 
at Canton ; Canton Bureau, Renter's 
Service, Canton. 



LYM FUKYEN, pioneer Chinese 
aviator ; native of Kwangtung Province ; 
first Chinese graduate from the 
famous Curtiss Aviation School of San 
Diego, California, U.S.A., graduating 
in 1913 ; holder of International Pilot 
License No. 245 ; while in America, 
he flew over many cities and won 
many trophies for record flights ; upon 
return to China in 1914 he organized 
the Aviation School in Canton and in 
1917 was appointed to a post in the 
Kwangtung provincial army ; in 1928 
was appointed to the rank of Colonel in 
charge of the Technical Department of 
the Nanking Aviation Bureau ; in 1931 
was appointed as Brigadier General 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



157 




Lym Fukyen (Lin Fu-yuan) 

tt* ^S ^** 
assuming the post as Chief-of-Staff of 
the Air Force of the First Army Corps 
stationed in Canton, which position 
he is still occupying ; address : Aviation 
Division, Headquarters of the 1st Army 
Corps, Canton. 




Lin Hsiang 

# H 

LIN HSIANG, educator; born at 
Shangchen, Honan, 1877 ; was graduat- 
ed from the China National Institute 
at Woosung, Shanghai ; instructor in 
various Government schools in Honan ; 
founder and president for five years 
of the Honan Provincial Preparatory 
College for students intending to study 
abroad ; head of the First Section of the 
Department of Education of Honan 
and twice acting Commissioner of 
Education of Honan; now, Director of 
the Educational Fund Administration 
Bureau of Honan ; has successively 
served in Honan educational circles 
for about 80 years and is regarded as 
one of the most influential educational 
leaders in that province, nearly all the 
educational workers now in service in 
Honan being once his associates or 
students ; address : Honan Educational 
Fund Administration Bureau, Kaifeng, 
Honan. 



Lin Hsiang 

LIN HSIANG, judicial official. 
(See Page 261, 4th Edition) 




Y. M. Lin (Lin l-minq) 

#- i& % 

Y. M. LIN, engineer; born at Sun- 
Wui, Kwangtung in 1896; received 
his early education at the Canton 
Christian College (now Lingnan 
University) and Tangshan Engineering 
College ; received his B.S. degree in 
engineering from Purdue University, 
U.S.A., in 1921 ; commissioner of the 
public works department of the Canton 
Municipality, 1923-27; toured Europe 
and America and studied city planning 
at Harvard University, 1927-28; on 
returning to China he was director of 
the Nanking City Planning Bureau, 
1928 and under his direction, the 
proposed plan of the Capital was 
made; late in 1929 he was appointed 
engineer-in-chief of the Hulutao port ; 
he has served at various times as judge 
of the competitive drawings of the 
Sun Yat-sen Memorial Auditorium at 
Canton; member of the Sun Yat-sen 
Tomb and Park Commission, member 
of the National Highway Planning Com- 
mission of the Ministry of Railways ; 
member of the technical commission 
of the National Capital Reconstruction 
Commission ; president of the Euro- 
American Returned Students Association 
in Canton, 1924-27 ; president of the 
Y.M.C.A. at Canton, 1926; director of 
the Canton Y.M.C.A., 1926 to the 
present ; director of Lingnan Univer- 
sity, 1927 to the present ; address : 
Engineering Division, National Capital 
Reconstruction Commission, 7 Chong Fu 
Yan, Nanking. 




LING KANG-HOU, banker; born at 
Shanghai, 1875 ; engaged in early life 
in educational work for a period of ten 
years, being promoter of a well-known 
primary school now affiliated with the 
Chiao-tung University, Shanghai ; held 
important positions subsequently in 
political and business circles, including 
the posts of general manager of the 
Sin Wah Banking Corporation and the 
Exchange Bank of China, counsellor to 
the Government of the Greater Shanghai 
Municipality, and member of the Execu- 
tive Committee of the Shanghai General 
Chamber . of Commerce : is at present 
secretary- general of the Shanghai 
Bankers' Assocaition, member and Ex- 
ecutive Secretary of the China National 



Ling Kang-hou (Lin Kang-hou) 
#j* ^ 

Loans Sinking Fund Commission, mem- 
ber of the Board of Supervisors of the 
Central Bank of China, president of the 
Associated- Chambers of Commerce of 
China, secretary-general of the China 
National Committee of the International 
Chamber of Commerce, member of both 
the Works and the Chinese Primary 
Schools Committees of the Municipal 
Council of the International Settlement 
of Shanghai ; prominent to educational, 
social and philanthropical work in 
Shanghai, being a director of a 
number of universities, hospitals and 
charitable institutions ; address : Bankers' 
Association, 4 Hongkong Road, Shanghai. 




Robert Kho-seng Lim (Lin K'e-sheng) 
#. T #• 
ROBERT KHO-SENG LIM, univer- 
sity professor ; son of Lim Boon-keng ; 
educated at Lyon's School, Harrow and 
George Watson's College, Edinburgh: 
received the degrees of M.B. and Ch.B. 
in 1919 ; Ph.D. degree in 1920 ; D.Sc. 
degree in 1924 ; Goodsir Memorial Fellow 
(University of Edinburgh) in 1920; 
Research Fellow at the University of 
Chicago in 1924 ; F. R. S. E. lecturer 
in physiology at the University of 
Edinburgh 1919-23 ; professor and head 
of the department of physiology at 
Peking Union Medical College from 
1924 to the present ; editor of the 
Chinese Journal of Physiology in 
Peking, since 1926; address: Peking 
Union Medical College, Peiping. 



158 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Lin Sen (Lin Shen) 

* 4 * -f & 

LIN SEN, President of the National 
Government; born at Foochow, Fukien, 
1864 ; received his education in China 
and America, where he resided for many 
years in California ; returned to China 
shortly after the Revolution of 1911 and 
was elected senator of the first Parlia- 
ment, 1912-23; joined the Kuomintang 
while in America and was elected 
member of the Central Executive Com- 
mittee of Kuomintang in 1924 ; after the 
success of the 1926 Revolution, he was 
appointed a member of the Chekiang 
Division of the Central Political Council 
in _ 1927 which position he shortly 
resigned to become a member of the 
Overseas Affairs Commission in Nan- 
king ; member of the State Council of 
the National Government, since 1928 ; 
vice-President of Legislative Yuan, 
1928-31 ; upon the resignation of Hu 
Han-min from the presidency of the 
Legislative Yuan in March 1931, he 
was promoted President ; member of 
the Central Supervisory Committee of 
Kuomintang since 1929 ; President of 
the National Government since 1932 ; 
address : National Government House, 
Nanking. 



from the Meiji University, Tokyo, with 
B.C.L. degree and the Hosei University 
with LL.B. degree; participated in the 
1911 Revolution and associated with 
General Chiang Kai-shek, then a 
major in the 2nd Division of the 
Shanghai Revolutionary Army; passed 
the Civil Service Examination for 
Returned Students in the 4th Year of 
the Republic and was appointed to 
various offices in the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs ; under the Nationalist 
Government he successively held the 
posts of Superintendent of Customs 
and Commissioner for Foreign Affairs 
at Nanking, director of the Nanking 
Surtax Bureau, assistant director of 
the International Affairs Department 
of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and 
acting director of the same department ; 
appointed Consul-Genera] for Formosa 
in 1930, which position he still holds ; 
address : Chinese Consulate - General, 
Taihoku, Formosa. 





Lin Shao-nan 

ft *g m $ m tit 

LIN SHAO-NAN, consular official; 
born at Ningpo, Chekiang, 1888 ; received 
his early education at the International 
Institute, Shanghai ; went to Japan for 
advanced education and was graduated 



Lin Shin 

#■ ft 

LIN SHIH, consular official; born 
at Minhouhsien, Fukien in March, 1883 ; 
his early education was in law and 
political science and later he took up 
the study of railway administration 
and was graduated from the Luhan 
Railway School; joined the Tungmenhui 
toward the end of the Ching Dynasty 
and engaged in revolutionary work in 
the north; member of the staff of 
Wu Lu-chen, then commander of the 
Chihli and Shansi forces, 1911-16 ; chief 
of the Property Bureau of Revenue 
Stamp Tax Bureau of Shensi, 1916 ; 
commissioner of Industry and director 
of the Tabacco and Wine Tax Bureau 
of Shensi, 1917 ; director of railway 
department of the Ministry of Com- 
munications and concurrently director 
of the railways built with loans, 1924 ; 
director of the railway police bureau and 
director of the Tatung-Chengtu Railway, 
1924 ; director of the Pukow-Sinyang 
Railway and concurrently director of the 
Lung-Hai and Pien-lo Railways, 1926 ; 
Commissioner of Foreign Affairs for 
Honan, 1925 ; Commissioner of Foreign 
Affairs for Fukien, 1927 ; councillor of 
the Ministry of Communications in the 
Nanking Government and concurrently 
chairman of the Communications Em- 
ployes' Affairs Committee and Statutes 
and Regulations Committee, 1928 ; 
acting chief of the postal department 
of the Ministry of Communications and 
officiating Director-General of Posts, 
1929 ; councillor of the Ministry of 
Communications and officiating Director- 
General of Posts ; Consul-General at 
Paris, since 1934; address: Chinese 
Consulate-General, Paris, France. 




Dr. Kalfred Dip^Lum (Lin Tieh) 
# 4> 

KALFRED DIP LUM, Government 
official and university professor ; born in 
Honolulu, T.H., Dec. 26, 1899 ; native 
of Chung-shan, Kwangtung ; graduate 
of Kaliwaena School, Jackson Institute, 
Iolani College, Honolulu ; B.A., Univer- 
sity of Hawaii, 1922 ; M.A., Columbia 
University, 1923; attended New York 
University Law School, 1923-25 ; Ph.D. 
in government and public law, New 
York University, 1926 ; founder and first 
principal of .Min Hon Chinese School, 
Honolulu, 1917-1922 ; commissioner of 
Chinese language schools, Department 
of Public Instruction, Honolulu, 1922 ; 
counsellor and solicitor, Corn Exchange 
Bank, Chatham Square, New York City, 
N.Y., 1925-26 ; instructor and professor 
of political science, University of Hawaii, 
1926-32 ; on international good - will 
lecture tour to Japan, China, and the 
Philippines, 1928 ; executive secretary of 
Kuomintang, Hawaii's branch, Honolulu, 
1929-32; president of United Chinese 
News, Ltd., Honolulu, 1930-32 ; 
Hawaii's Overseas Chinese delegate to 
National People's Congress, Nanking, 
1981 ; Hawaii's Kuomintang delegate 
to Fourth Kuomintang Congress, 1981 ; 
visiting professor of political science, 
Hangchow Christian College, 1931-33 ; 
special envoy to inspect Kuomintang 
and overseas affairs in Hawaii, United 
States, Canada, Mexico, Cuba, Central 
and South American countries, 1933 ; 
visiting professor of government and 
international relations, New York Uni- 
versity, 1988-34; Hawaii's delegate to 
Fifth Kuomintang Congress, 1934-36 ; 
commissioner of overseas affairs. National 
Government, Republic of China, since 
September 1931 ; and professor and 
head of the department of public 
administration, Chiaotung University, 
since September, 1984 ; member of Phi 
Kappa Phi honorary fraternity and 
various other academic societies ; author 
of "The Evolution of Government in 
Hawaii," "Outlines of Law," "Methods 
of Research and Thesis Writing," etc. ; 
Home address : 1020 Pulaa Lane, 
Honolulu, T.H. ; Present address : Com- 
mission of Overseas Affairs, Nanking, 
or Chiaotung University, Shanghai. 



LAM CHI HOON, business man; 
born at Chung Shan, Kwangtung in 
1868 ; received his early education in 
the schools of his native town and 
specialized in English ; went to Japan 
and set up an import and export 
business at Yokohama in 1886 and 
stayed there until 1908 when he went 
to Hongkong and opened the Wai Mei 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



159 




from Liverpool University in 1920 and 
Dr. P.H. degree from John's Hopkins 
University in 1921 ; assistant professor 
of bacteriology at the Peking Union 
Medical College and concurrently tech- 
nical supervisor at the national epidemic 
prevention bureau, 1927 ; acting director 
of the national epidemic prevention 
bureau 1929 ; professor of bacteriology 
and head of the Department of 
Bacteriology and Immunology at. the 
P.U.M.C., 1930 to date; editor of the 
Hongkong University Magazine, 1914 ; 
manager of the Chinese Students Month- 
ly in the U.S.A., 1921 ; and managing 
editor of the National Medical Journal 
of China, 1928-31 ; editor of the Chinese 
Medical Journal, since 1932 ; president of 
the Chinese Medical Association, 1934- 
36 ; writer on public health and im- 
munology and author of "Laboratory 
Manual in Bacteriology," 1934 ; address : 
55 Tung Tang Tzu Hutung, Peiping. 



Lam Chi Hoon (Lin Tsl-yuan) 

** » 

Hong import firm dealing in European 
dried goods and sundries ; in 1914 he 
was appointed manager for the Sincere 
Company branch store in Kobe and 
remained in this position until 1925 
when he went to Tientsin and founded 
the Chung Yuen Co., the first modern 
department store in North China, and 
became general manager, which position 
he still holds ; address : Chung Yuen Co., 
Ltd., Tientsin. 






C. E. Lim (Lin]Tsung-yang) 
#• $ # 

C. E. LIM, bacteriologist and 
hygienist; native of Fukien ; born at 
Penang, Straits Settlements, 1891 ; 
matriculated at the University of 
London in 1911, after which he was 
awarded the King's scholarship tenable 
for 5 years at Hongkong University 
which conferred upon him the M.B., and 
B.S. degrees in 1916 and elected him 
as chairman of the University Union ; 
appointed house-physician and house- 
surgeon to the Government Civil Hospital, 
Hongkong, 1916 ; took postgraduate 
studies at the Hongkong Government 
Bacteriological Institute, 1917 ; appointed 
resident medical officer of the model 
Peking Central Hospital, 1918; was 
awarded a Rockefeller fellowship from 
1919-22 for special study on prepara- 
tion of the vaccines and serums used 
in the treatment and prevention of 
diseases in leading American and 
European institutions; received D.T.M. 



Jefferson 0. H. Lamb (Lin Tung-hai) 

JEFFERSON D. H. LAMB, Govern- 
ment official » born in Canton in 
1894 ; educated in Canada and the 
United States ; graduated from Phillips, 
Vanderbilt, Yale and Lanier Universities 
with the Degrees of B.A., M.A., Ph.D., 
and J.D. ; member of the Kuomintang ; 
director of the Publicity Department 
of the Kuomintang in New York ; after 
his return to China, he was first 
engaged in teaching and was professor 
in various universities, such as Nanking, 
Wu-Han and Yenching ; author of 
"The Development of Workmen's Com- 
pensation Legislation in the United 
States and Canada," "The Development 
of the Agrarian Movement and Agra- 
rian Legislation in China," and "The 
Development of the Labor Movement 
and Labor Legislation in China" ; 
member of the Treaty Commission and 
later Senior Secretary of the Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs ; adviser to the 
Ministry of Industries, 1933 ; member 
of the Special Mission to Sinkiang and 
Russia, 1933 ; counsellor of the Special 
Mission to Tibet for offering Sacrifices 
to the late Dalai Lama, 1934 ; at present 
councillor of the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs ; address : 41 Huang Li Hsiang, 
Hansimen, Nanking. 



Lynn Tong-sih (Lin Tung-shih) 
W- 4f ji 

the Special Mission sent to Belgium, 
Denmark, Spain and Sweden, August, 
1909 ; First Secretary to the Chinese 
Legation, France, 1910 ; Charge 
d' Affaires in France 1911 ; Charge 
d' Affaires in Portugal, Cuba and Brazil, 
1912-17 ; Adviser on Foreign Affairs to 
the President, 1918 ; Assistant-director 
of the Political Department, Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs ; received the rank 
of Ministre Plenipotentiaire 1919 ; 
Secretary-General of the National 
Labor University, 1930 ; Chief of Pro- 
tocol and Assistant-Director of the 
Department of General Affairs, Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs, since 1932 ; address : 
General Affairs Department, Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs, Nanking. 




LYNN TONG-SIH. Government offi- 
cial j_ native of Fukien ; graduate, 
University of Paris ; attache to the 
Chinese Legation, Paris, 1902 and 
secretary, 1905-09 ; First Secretary of 



Lim Boon-keng (Lin Wen-ching) 

#* /k 

LIM BOON-KENG, educator and 
writer; born at Singapore, October 18, 
1869, his grandfather being a native 
of Fukien ; won scholarship in Straits 
Settlements which enabled him ' to 
attend the Universities of Edinburgh 
and Cambridge; was graduated from 
Edinburgh in 1892 with M.B. and CM. 
(first class honors) degrees and while 
there was elected president of the Royal 
Medical Society ; returned to the Straits 
in 1893 and in 1895 elected Chinese 
member of the Legislative Council ; 
started Chinese Cultural Society (Chung 
Hwa Hwe Kuan) all over Malaya and 
later the Association for Straits-born 
Chinese, of which he was president for 



160 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



many years ; made honorary member 
of the Java Society; in 1911, at the 
request of the Chinese "Government he 
organized the Hygiene Exhibition at 
Dresden and took charge of the Hygiene 
Institute in Peking ; was also a 
delegate to the Italian Exhibition ; he 
was successively adviser to the Ministries 
of Interior and Foreign Affairs and 
when the Republic was established Dr. 
Sun Yat-sen appointed him president 
of the Board of Health ; in Singapore 
he helped found Chinese banks, 
assurance companies, plantations and 
other businesses ; vice-president of the 
Chinese Chamber of Commerce of 
Singapore ; lecturer at King Edward 
VII Medical College in Straits and 
Federated Malay States and member 
Committee on Raffles College, Singapore ; 
president of the University of Amoy; 
editor-in-Chief of the Chinese Nation, 
Shanghai 1930 ; he is recipient of the 
following decorations : Commandership 
of the Crown of Italy, Albertus Medal 
of Saxony, Order of the British Empire, 
Second Class Wen-Hu and Chiao-Ho 
"besides a degree of LL.D. from Hong- 
kong University ; he is writer of many 
articles and author of the following 
hooks: "The Chinese Crisis from 
Within," "Tragedies of Eastern Life," 
"The New China" and is translator of 
•"The Li Sao" ; address : c/o Amoy 
University, Amoy, Fukien. 




at Whampoa; member of the recon- 
struction committee of the Canton 
Division of the Central Political 
Council; chief instructor in political 
science of the cadets corps of the 
Headquarters of the Commander-in- 
Chief of the 8th Route Nationalist 
Revolutionary army; now; member of 
the Kwangtung Provincial Government 
and concurrently Commissioner of 
Civil Affairs, member of the Executive 
Committee of the Kwangtung Provincial 
Party Headquarters and member of 
the Central Executive Committee of 
Kuomintang ; address : Department of 
Civil Affairs, Kwangtung Provincial 
Government, Canton. 





V. Fong Lam (Lin Yun-fang) 
# A * 

China in 1919, he organized Lam, Glines 
& Company, with himself as manager 
( a concern acting as contractor, architect 
and trader) ; mean- while, he served as 
director of the Eastern Hide and Leather 
Co. ; business manager of the Kiangnan 
Dock and Engineering Works, Shanghai ; 
he is a member of the Rotary Club at 
Shanghai, associate member of the In- 
stitute of Naval Architects of London 
and of the SJociety of Naval Architects 
and Marine Engineers of America ; he 
is now in retirement. 



Lin Yi-chung 

#■/*•■♦ 
LIN YI-CHUNG, Government 
official; born at Hopu, Kwangtung; 
graduate of the Canton Normal 
College; member and secretary of the 
executive committee of the Party 
Headquarters attached to the 11th 
Division of the Nationalist Army; 
director of the organization depart- 
ment of the Party Headquarters of 
the Canton Special Municipality; 
director of Party Affairs of the Canton 
Special Municipality; member of the 
executive committee of the Third 
Session of the Canton Party Head- 
quarters and concurrently director of 
the publicity department of the same ; 
member of the executive committee of 
the Fourth Session of the Canton 
Party Headquarters and concurrently 
member of the mass training com- 
mittee of the same; principal of the 
Provincial Middle School at Lienchow; 
director of municipal affairs bureau 
of Tsaochine Municipality; director 
of the political affairs department 
attached to the 11th Division of 
the Nationalist Revolutionary Army; 
instructor in political science of the 
Central Military and Political Academy 



Lint Giok-keng (Lin Yu-chln) 

LIM GIOK-KENG, overseas mer- 
chant ; native of Fukien ; born at Poelau 
Tello, Padang, South Sumatra, 1889 ; 
educated at the Malay Government 
School ; worked in various business 
firms at Padang for 12 years ; joined 
the Singer Sewing Machine Company 
in 1914, first serving as a managing 
salesman in Lampong and later as 
district manager of the Company for 
the Lampong and Benkoelen territories ; 
left that Company in 1920 and started 
his own business which later became 
very successful and opened two branches, 
one at Semarang and the other at 
Benkoelen ; in addition to his own 
business at Telok Betong Merk Kim 
Goan, he is also acting as agent of 
N.V. Catz Java Trading Company, 
Batavia ; N.V. General Motors, Java, 
Handel Mij., Tandjong Priok; N.V. 
Oliefabriek "Archa," Batavia ; De Ba- 
taafsche Petroleum Maatschappy and 
Distributor of The Dunlop Rubber Co., 
Batavia ; he is president of Tionghoa 
Siang Hwee (Chinese Commercial 
Society) , Telok Betong ; advisor to the 
Chinese Commission on Overseas Affairs 
in Nanking and to the Chinese Consulate 
of the Republic of China, Palembang ; 
address : Merk Kim Goan, Telok-Betong, 
(Lampong), South Sumatra. 



V. FONG LAM, engineer ; born at 
Canton, Kwangtung, 1891 ; went to 
America in 1909, where he spent five 
years in Massachusetts Institute of 
Techonology studying naval construc- 
tion ; following his graduation, he 
worked for three years in the New 
London Ship and Engine Co., and the 
New York Shipbuilding Co., to secure 
practical training; upon returning to 




Lin Yutang 

#■ * * 
LIN YUTANG, author, philologist 
and critic ; born at Changchow, Amoy, 
1896; studied at St. John's University 
from 1911, graduating in 1916; teacher 
at Tsing Hua College, 1916-19 ; associate 
editor of the "Chinese Social and 
Political Science Review," 1918 ; took 
postgraduate philological studies at 
Harvard 1919-20, receiving A.M. in 
absentia in 1921; travelled in France, 
1920; studied at Jena, Germany, in the 
spring of 1921 ; studied indogermanic 
philology under Sievers and Streitberg 
at Leipzig, 1921-23, receiving Dr. Phil, 
in 1923 ; returned to China and became 
professor of English philology at 
Peking National University, 1923-26 ; 
lecturer on philology at Peking Nation- 
al Normal University, 1923-26; dean 
of Peking National Women's Normal 
University and head of English depart- 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



161 



ment, 1926; left Peking with the 
general exodus of radical professors in 
1926 ; became dean of Arts College of 
Amoy University and seriously started 
reforms ; became wise and joined the 
Wuhan Government as secretary of 
Foreign Affairs Ministry under Eugene 
Chen in 1927 ; became managing editor 
of the "People's Tribune" after the 
Wuhan-Communist split in July 1927 ; 
left politics after the success of the 
revolutionists and devoted himself 
exclusively to writing ; joined the 
Academia Sinica (National Research 
Academy) in 1930 as foreign-language 
editor and research fellow in philology ; 
contributing editor to the "China Critic" 
and columnist for the "Little Critic" ; 
first inventor of indexing system for 
Chinese characters ; co-worker on the 
official romanization system ; author of 
"Philological Essays," "Critical Essays" 
and other volumes in Chinese ; "Kai- 
ming English Books" and "War-Time 
Essays" ; playwright of "Confucius and 
the Queen of Wei," which precipitated 
a ministerial investigation at the birth- 
place of Confucius ; founder and editor 
of The Analects Fortnightly (Lunyii), 
a magazine devoted to the promotion 
of humour in China, since 1932 ; founder 
and editor of This Human World 
(Jenchienshih), a magazine devoted to 
the promotion of the familiar style, 
since 1984 ; author of "My Country and 
My People" ; address : 43a Edinburgh 
Road, Shanghai. 




G. P. Ling (Ling Cheng-plng) 

C. P. LING, advertising director; 
born at Foochow, Fukien, 1896 ; received 
his early education at the Anglo-Chinese 
College in his native city ; passed the 
competitive examination given by the 
Fukien provincial authorities in 1910 
and was sent the following year to 
Tains Hua College in Peking to 
study; after graduating from fsing 
Hua in 1916, he was sent on a Boxer 
Indemnity scholarship to the United 
States for higher education ; attended 
the University of Rochester, New York, 
and was graduated with highest honors 
in 1B18; he was elected to both Phi 
Beta Kappa and Delta Upsilon; finished 
his post-graduate work at Columbia, 
where he received his M.A. degree and 
later attended New York University, 
specializing in psychology and advertis- 
ing ; returned to China in 1922 and has 
since become one of the leading mem- 
bers of the advertising profession ; from 
1919 to 1922, he was connected with 
several advertising agencies in New 
York and from 1922 to 1926, he served 



in the Commercial Press, Ltd. as 
manager of the China Publicity Com- 
pany, and as manager of Commercial 
Press, Hongkew Branch ; in 1926, he 
resigned from the Commercial Press, 
Ltd., and founded the China Commercial 
Advertising Agency, of which he is now 
proprietor and general manager ; this 
agency is now in close touch with over 
100 publications in China, and directs 
the advertising compaigns in this 
country for a number of well-known 
manufacturers, both local and abroad; 
during the past four years, he has been 
a lecturer on advertising at the Down- 
town School of Commerce, University 
of Shanghai; in the years 1931-33, 
he served as a director of the Bakerite 
Company, Ltd., Inc., U.S.A. ; he is now 
member of the Shanghai Bankers' Club, 
American University Club, Pan-Pacific 
Association and other social organiza- 
tions ; address : China Commercial 
Advertising Agency, 2 Hongkong Road, 
Shanghai. 




Chi-chun Lin (Ling Chi-chun) 

CHI-CHUN LIN, ceramic engineer; 
born at Shanghai, Kiangsu, 1897; 
attended Tsinghua College, Peking, 
1911-16; the Iowa State College, U.S.A. 
1916-17 ; Ohio State University, 1917-19, 
graduating with the degree of Bachelor 
of ceramic engineering; while in 
America, he worked in the Mosaic Tile, 
Ohio, 1919-20 and was appointed 
research ceramic engineer of the 
General Electric Company, Schenectady, 
N.Y. ; upon his return to China in 
1921, he investigated the pottery indus- 
tries at Ishun and Chingteh, Kiangsi, 
under the auspices of the General 
Chamber of Commerce of Shanghai ; 
also made personal visits to some ten 
different provinces, investigating clay 
mining, brick and tile manufacture and 
other ceramic industries ; engineer of 
the Ta Hu Cement Company, Wusih; 
one of the founders and engineer of 
the National Pottery Company, Shang- 
hai ; he is a member of the American 
Ceramic Society, the Chinese Society 
of Chemical Industries, committee on 
geological survey and provincial bureau 
of education and industry of Kiangsu ; 
author of several technical papers on 
pottery engineering. 



H. H. LING, railway engineer; born 
in Canton, 1894; was graduated from 
Nanyang University 1 (liow Chiaotung 
University), Shanghai in 1915 with 
B.Sc. degree in Civil Engineering: 
went to America, studying Structural 




H. H. Ling (Ling Hung-hsun) 

& *| lh 
Engineering and obtaining practical 
experience in the American Bridge Co.; 
after returning to China, he entered 
the Government Railway service as a 
bridge engineer of the Peking-Hankow 
Railway, and Technical Expert of the 
Ministry of Communications ; Professor 
of Structural Engineering, Dean and 
later President of Nanyang University, 
Shanghai, 1923-27 and in the latter 
capacity, he inaugurated the Industrial 
Research Laboratory from a fund 
granted by the American Boxer 
Indemnity Commission ; Director of the 
Wuchow Public Works Department, 
Kwangsi, 1927-28 ; Director, Construc- 
tion Department, Lunghai Railway, 
completing a section of 72 Km. from 
Lingpao to Tungkwan in the western 
section of the line, and later, Director 
and Engineer-in-Chief of the Tungkwan- 
Sianfu section (181 Km.) of the 
Lunghai Railway; now Director and 
Engineer-in-Chief of the Chuchow- 
Shaochow Section (450 Km.) of tht 
Canton-Hankow Railway now under 
construction; a member of the Chinese 
Institute of Engineers, and a member 
of the American Society of Civil 
Engineers. 




Ling Ping 

LING PING, diplomatic official; 
born at Ku Shih Hsien, Honan, in July. 
1894 ; received his early education at 
home and then went to Nankai College 



162 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



at Tientsin where he was graduated 
in 1912 ; studied at Leland Stanford 
University, 1913-16 and received his 
A.B. degree ; elected to Phi Beta 
Kappa, honorary scholastic fraternity ; 
attended Columbia University, 1916-17 
and received the degree of Master of 
Pedagogy ; continued his research in 
pedagogical psychology at Clark Uni- 
versity, 1917-19 and received his Ph.D. 
degree ; returned to China and was dean 
of Nankai University, 1919-22 when 
he was appointed Commissioner of 
Education of Honan ; after a short time, 
he resigned and returned to Nankai Uni- 
versity ; again appointed Commissioner 
of Education of Honan in 1927 and 
concurrently member of the executive 
committee of Honan Provincial 
Government and president of Chung 
San University, Kaifeng ; appointed 
vice-president of the treaty revision 
commission of the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, 1928 ; chief delegate to negotiate 
with Belgium for the rendition of the 
Belgian Concession at Tientsin, 1929 ; 
Chinese Minister to Cuba, 1929-35 : 
recalled to serve in the Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, summer, 1935 ; decorat- 
ed by the Government of Belgium with 
the Grand Cross of Leopold II, 1930 ; 
author of "Feeble Mindedness and 
Heredity," "Public Schools and the 
War" and "Outline of Psychology of 
Children" — the latter being in Chinese; 
address: c/o Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, Nanking. 



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D. Y. Lin (Ling Tao-yang) 

D. Y. LIN, agricultural and forestry 
expert, Government official ; born at 
Pao-an, Kwangtung, 1888 ; graduated 
from St. John's University, Shanghai, 
1909 ; B.Sc. in agriculture, Massachu- 
setts State College, U.S.A., 1912; M.F. 
Yale University, 1914 ; studied German 
forestry, 1914 ; secretary and lecturer 
on conservation, China Famine Relief 
Committee, 1915 ; technical expert, 
Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce, 
Peking, 1917 ; Professor of forestry, 
University of Nanking and concurrently 
Supervisor of reforestation work at 
Purple Mountain for I Nung Hui, 1918 ; 
Commissioner of Forestry for Shantung 
and concurrently forester in the Ministry 
of Communications on railroad forestry 
matters, 1919 ; technical delegate to the 
Shantung Negotiations on agricultural 
and forestry matters, 1922 ; Director, 
Bureau of Agriculture and Forestry. 
Tsingtao, 1923 ; Dean of Forestry, 
Peipinp University, 1929 ; Director, 
Kiangsu Forest Service and concur- 
rently Dean of Forestry, Central 
University, 1930 ; Chairman, Chinese 



Forestry Association, 1932-34 ; member, 
National Agricultural Extension Com- 
mission, 1933-34 ; Chairman, National 
Forestry Research Committee, 1934 ; 
China's delegate to the Fifth Pacific 
Science Congress, held in Vancouver, 
B.S., 1933, and was elected chairman 
of the Standing Committee on Forest 
Resources of the Pacific Science 
Council ; Director, Forestry Bureau of 
the Ministry of Industries and con- 
currently Superintendent of Relief for 
the Ningshu (Nanking) area since 
1931 ; author of "Elements of Forestry," 
"Manual of Forestry," "Economic 
Features of Chinese Agriculture," 
"Tsingtao Agricultural and Forestry 
Work," "Ningshu Farm Relief," etc. ; 
he is active also in social and 
philanthropic work, being vice-Chair- 
man of Nanking Y.M.C.A. ; director 
of Nanking Amateur Athletic Club, 
Member, Standing Committee of Central 
Rural Granary Cooperative Society ; 
Chairman of Ningshu Agricultural 
Relief Association ; and Director of 
Chu-yung Colonisation Association for 
the relief of famine sufferers ; address : 
c/o Ministry of Industries, Nanking. 



author of several books and pamphlets- 
on educational subjects, including 
"Citizen Training Series," "Vocational 
Guidance," "Co-education," "Non-Verbal 
Tests for Use in China," etc. ; attended 
the world educational conference at 
Geneva in 1929 as delegate from China, 
following which he travelled extensively 
in America and Europe to study 
educational problems ; in 1933 he was- 
a delegate from China to the Banff 
Conference of the Institute of Pacific 
Relations ; he is one of the founders 
of the China Institute of International 
Relations and of the Anti-Civil War 
League of China ; at present, President 
of the University of Shanghai ; address : 
University of Shanghai, Shanghai. 





Herman Chan-en Liu (Liu Chan-en) 

*! & £ 

HERMAN CHAN-EN LIU, educator 
and college president; born at Hanyang, 
Hupeh in 1896 ; after receiving his 
preliminary education in mission 
schools, he attended Soochow University 
from which he was graduated with 
B.Sc. degree in 1918 ; he then went to 
America and entered Chicago University 
and took his M.A. degree ; he then 
went to Columbia University, New York 
and entered Teachers' College, from 
which he was graduated in 1922 with 
Ph.D. degree ; upon his return to China 
he was appointed national educational 
secretary to the National Committee 
Y.M.C.A., which position he held until 
1928 ; secretary to the Chinese Govern- 
ment educational commission to the 
United States during the Washington 
Conference on limitation of armament 
and Far East questions, serving as a 
representative of the Chinese student 
organizations ; chief delegate from China 
to the world Y.M.C.A. conference at 
Helsingfors, Finland in 1926 following 
which he travelled extensively in Europe 
studying educational problems ; served 
for a time as professor of education 
at the Great China and Kwanghua 
Universities and was research director 
of the National Vocational Educational 
Association ; married Miss Frances 
Wong, who is also actively engaged in 
educational and social service work ; 



Mrs. Ltu Chan-en 

£J i jl «n 

MRS. HERMAN C. E. LIU, welfare 
worker; born at Tai Hu, Anhwei, Jan. 
2, 1897 ; was graduated from the 
Knowles School, Kiukiang and North- 
western University, U.S.A. ; president 
of the Women Suffrage Association of 
China ; vice-president of the Birth 
Control League of China ; board member 
of the discharged prisoners' aid society ; 
general secretary of Women's Christian 
Temperance Union of China ; founder 
of Shanghai Settlement house for 
beggars and slave girls ; editor-in-chief 
of Temperance Monthly; author of 
"Happy Home"; married to Herman 
C. E. Liu, president of University of 
Shanghai ; address : Woman's Christian 
Temperance Union of China, 23 Yuen 
Ming Yuen Road, Shanghai ; or the 
University of Shanghai, Shanghai. 



Liu Chao 

*] *& $ & tf 
LIU CHAO, retired Government 
official. 
(See Page 268, 4th Edition). 



LIU CHEN-HOU, army officer; born 
at Chien-yang, Szechuen, 1885 ; was 
graduated from the Japanese Military 
Officers' Academy, 1908 ; passed the 
Imperial Examinations and was given 
the degree of Chu-Jen, 1909 ; chief staff 
officer of the Yunnan Revolutionary 
Army during the first Revolution, 1911- 
12; garrison commander of Chungking, 
Szechuen and concurrently commander 
of 2nd division of the Szechuen Army, 
1913-16; joined Yunnan Revolt against 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



163 




Liu Chen-hou 

m & 4 $ # ^ 

Yuan Shih-kai, 1915 ; Military Governor 
of Szechuen, 1917-24 ; made a full- 
general, 1924 ; Inspector-General of 
Szechuen Army, 1924. 




Liu Chen-hua 
*\ & #■ £ t $. . 
GENERAL LIU CHEN-HUA, Gov- 
ernment official ; born at Kunsr-hsier.. 
Honan, 1883 ; graduate of the Peiyang 
Normal School and the Peking Law 
College ; founded the Chungchow Middle 
School in Honan; during the 1911 
Revolution, he organized the Honan 
and Shensi Allied Army to join the 
Revolutionary Forces and rendered 
great service to the cause of Revolution ; 
after establishment of the Republic, he 
was made Commander of the Chen Suns 
Chun Army and concurrently Circuit 
Magistrate of the Ho-Loh Circuit in 
Honan ; appointed Civil and Military 
Governor of Shensi in 1918 and was 
given the rank of Marshal ; during 
the Northern Punitive Expedition in 
1927, he served as Vice-Commander-in- 
Chief of the Northern Route Revolu- 
tionary Army and Fw<d Commander of 
the 8th Army and concurrently member 
of the Honan Provincial Government 
and Commissioner of Reconstruction for 
Honan ; in 1928, he was transferred 
to the post of Commander-in-Chief of 
the 11th Route Army and member of 
the Peiping Political Council ; toured 



Europe and America in 1980, studying 
political conditions ; since return to 
China, he has successively served as 
Bandit-suppression Commissioner in the 
border regions of Honan, Shensi and 
Shansi ; Bandit-suppression Commis- 
sioner in the border regions of Shensi. 
Honan and Hupeh ; now, Commander- 
in-Chief of the Bandit-suppression 
Forces in the border regions of Hupeh, 
Honan and Anhwei and concurrently 
Chairman of the Anhwei Provincial 
Government ; address : Anhwei Provin- 
cial Government, Anking, Anhwei. 




Liu Chen-hua (Liu Hsien-cnou) 
*] & 4 3= A* 5>fl 
LIU HSIEN CHOU (Liu Chen Hua), 
ex-university president ; born at Wan- 
hsien, Chihli, 1890 ; was graduated 
from Yu Teh School, Paoting, 1912 ; 
attended the Peking Government 
University for one year and half ; 
won a four-year scholarship in Hong- 
kong University, where he studied 
mechanical engineering and was 
graduated with B.Sc. in Engineering 
with first class honors, 1918 ; taught 
at Yu Teh School at Paoting for 
three years and during this time, he 
invented two irrigating machines which 
were awarded certificates of honor by 
the Ministry of Agriculture and Com- 
merce and by the Chihli provincial ex- 
hibition of engineering products held 
at Tientsin ; professor in Chihli Uni- 
versity, 1921 ; president of Peiyang 
University, 1924 ; head professor, 
Department of Mechanical Engineering, 
Northeastern University, Mukden, 1928 ; 
Secretary and lecturer, T'angshan 
Chiao T'ung University, T'angshan, 
1931 ; professor, Department of Me- 
chanical Engineering, National Tsing- 
hua University, Peiping, 1982 ; author 
of "Applied Mechanics" ; "Steam 
Engines" ; "Internal Combustion En- 
gines" ; "Theory of Machines" ; 
Empirical Design"; (Commercial 
Press) ; and "English and Chinese 
Terminology of Mechanical Engineer- 
ing" (Tsinghua University Press) ; 
address: National Tsinghua University, 
Peiping. 



FRANK CHI HSING LIU, agricul- 
tural xpert ; born at Hankow, Hupeh, 
1902 : graduate of Boone University 
Middle School in 1918 and of Tsinghua 
College in 1922; went to America, where 
he studied agricultural administration 
and research at the Iowa State College 
of Agriculture, 1922-23 ; was graduated 





Frank Chi-hslng Liu (Liu Chl-hsln) 

■fi * ft 

from the University of Wisconsin with 
B.S. A. degree, 1924 ; received his prac- 
tical experience in experiment station 
work in the United States Department 
of Agriculture at Beltsville, Maryland, 
1924-25 and at Armour & Co., Chicago, 
studying the packing industry, 1925 ; 
received his M.Sc. degree at Cornell 
University, 1926 ; went to Europe to 
study agricultural conditions, 1926 ; 
returning to China, he became a secre- 
tary in the Kiangsi Provincial Govern- 
ment and general superintendent of 
forests, 1926 ; secretary of the labor 
department of the Central Executive 
Committee of Kuomintang, 1927 ; secre- 
tary of the general affairs department 
of the Military Council, 1927 ; secretary 
of the Nationalist Naval Headquarters, 
1928 ; director-general of Hupeh agricul- 
tural and forestry experiment stations, 
since 1928. 




Liu Chl-wen 

* 1 *L X $ Jfe. 4fc 

LIU CHI-WEN, Government official; 
born in Kwangtung, in 1889 ; received 
his preliminary education in his native 
district after which he went to Japan 
in 1909 and studied at Chih Cheng 
Institute and later at the College 
of Law and Political Economy until 
1914 ; on returning to China he became 
a follower of Dr. Sun Yat-sen and 
worked for the revolutionary cause for 
some ten years ; during this time he 



164 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



was successively director of the Bureau 
of the Treasury of the Kwangtung 
Military Government ; chief of % the 
Audit Bureau of Canton City ; chief of 
the Board of Military Supplies in the 
Ministry of War; director of the Audit 
Department of the Generalissimo's 
Headquarters ; he went to England in 
1S23 and studied at London University 
and Cambridge University ; while abroad 
he was appointed special investigator of 
the municipal administrations of Europe 
and America and made investigation in 
the larger cities ; returned to China in 
1926 and was appointed a member of 
the Kwangtung Provincial Government 
and concurrently chief of the Board 
of Agriculture and Labor; during the 
Northern Expedition in 1926 he was 
chief of the Bureau of Military 
Supplies at the front as well as 
Chairman of the superintendent 
committee and chief of the Audit 
Bureau of the Provisional Headquarters 
of the Generalissimo ; when the National 
Government was established at Nanking 
in 1926, he was appointed the first 
Mayor of the Nanking Special 
Municipality and was shortly afterward 
elected a member of the Executive 
Committee of the Kuomintang of the 
Nanking Special Municipality; he was 
also a member of the National 
Reconstruction Commission of the 
National Government, director of the 
Road Construction Bureau of Nanking 
and chairman of the Military Surgeon 
Supervisory Committee of the Central 
Military Council ; he was reappointed 
Mayor of Nanking in July, 1927 after 
having tendered his resignation the 
previous year ; elected a member of 
the Central Executive Committee of the 
Kuomintang, 1929 ; he was also a member 
and general secretary of the City 
Planning and Construction Committee 
of Nanking and a member of the 
Mausoleum Administration Committee of 
Nanking ; appointed Superintendent of 
Customs at Shanghai, 1930 ; appointed 
member of the Southwest Political 
Council, member and general secretary 
of Southwest Executive Committee of 
Central Kuomintang, and member of 
the Commission of Kwangtung River 
Conservancy in 1932 ; in the same year 
he was appointed Mayor of Canton 
Municipality, which post he still holds ; 
address: Canton Municipal Government, 
Canton. 



later of the Senate of the Peking 
Parliament ; Civil Governor of Kirin ; 
Minister of Education of the Peking 
Government under the late Chang 
Tso-lin, 1927-28 ; member of the board 
of directors of the Chinese Eastern 
Railway; member of the Political 
Council of the Three Eastern Provinces ; 
president of the Polytechnic Institute, 
Harbin, 1930-31 ; member of the Peiping 
Political Council, 1933-35 ; member of 
the Hopei-Chahar Political Council, 
since Dec. 1935. 



Liu Chih-chow 

*l $ m $ %. jl 

LIU CHIH-CHOW, retired Govern- 
ment official. 
(See Page 272, 4th Edition). 






Hsi-shan Liu (Liu Chin) 

m * % # s. 

member of the board of directors of 
the Hankow Y.M.C.A. ; Hankow agent 
and correspondent of tne Far Eastern 
Times at Peking. 



Liu Chin 

*\ % 

LIU CHIH, Government official ; born 

in Kirin, 1892 ; received his advanced 

education at the Peking Government 

University ; member of the House and 



Liu Chih-lu 

*J & fk 

LIU CHIH-LU, retired army officer; 
born at Meihsien, Kwangtung, 1890 ; 
after graduating from the Canton 
Military Academy, he was commissioned 
as a staff officer in the Kwangtung 
Army and was soon promoted to the 
rank of a general ; defense commis- 
sioner of Swatow, Kwangtung and in 
this capacity, he constructed modern 
highways, water systems and many 
other kinds of public utilities at 
Swatow ; participated in the various 
compaigns of the Northern Punitive 
Expeditions ; fought in Shantung during 
the Tsinan Incident, 1928 ; he is now 
engaged in business in Shanghai. 



HSI-SHAN LIU, railway engineer; 
born at Shanghai, Kiangsu, 1885 ; 
studied at the Anglo-Chinese College at 
Shanghai and later at the Shanhaikwan 
Railway College, graduating from the 
latter in 1900 ; joined the British 
Weihaiwei regiment as a cadet and 
interpreter and received the rank of 
military sergeant in 1902 ; assistant 
police superintendent of the commercial 
port of Tsinan, Shantung, 1903 ; aide- 
camp to the Viceroy of Chihli ; sectional 
engineer of the Lotung Railway and 
acting locomotive engineer of the 
Lunghai Railway, 1908 ; secretary and 
engineer - in - charge of the technical 
department of the Szechuen-Hankow 
Railway, 191 7 ; corresponding secretary 
in Hankow of the Association of 
Chinese and American Engineers ; 




Liu Chln-yl 

*1 «t % 
LIU CHIN-YI, railway official; 
born at Kaifeng, Honan, 1885 ; went 
to America on a Honan Provincial 
Government scholarship in 1918 and 
studied engineering at Michigan Uni- 
versity, graduating in 1922 ; worked 
in Continental Motors as a student 
engineer for two years after graduation ; 
returned to China in 1924 ; successively 
served as professor at Northeastern 
University, Peking Law College and 
Peking Engineering College ; aviation 
expert at the Northeastern Aviation 
Bureau ; editor of the Aviation Monthly 
and counsellor at the Headquarters of 
the 3rd and 4th Group Armies of the 
Fengtien Forces ; Commissioner of In- 
dustries of the Honan Provincial Govern- 
ment, director of the Honan Provincial 
Conservancy Bureau ; director of the 
Foreign Affairs Bureau attached to the 
Headquarters of the Commander-in-Chief 
of the Chihli Peace Preservation Forces 
and vice-Minister of the Ministry of 
Agriculture and Industry of Peking 
Government, 1927 ; counsellor at the 
Headquarters of the Commander of the 
Northeastern Frontier Defense Force. 
1928 : director of works department of 
the Chinese Eastern Railway, 1929-31. 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



165 




Liu Ching-jen 

4} it A. 5 * fiR 

LIU CHING-JEN, retired diplomatic 
official ; born at Paoshan, Kiangsu, 
1868 ; after his graduation from the 
Language School of the Kiangnan 
Arsenal at Shanghai and the Language 
School at Peking, he 'was sent to 
London as a student interpreter at the 
Chinese Legation and later transferred 
to the Legation at Paris ; counsellor to 
the Legation at Petrograd and for a 
time Charge d'Affaires 1906-08 ; Chinese 
Minister to Holland, 1911 ; Chinese 
Minister to Russia, 1912-18 ; appointed 
Chinese Minister to Japan, but declined 
to assume the post, 1919 ; president of 
the commission on Russian affairs and 
vice-president of the commission on 
foreign affairs, 1922-26 ; he is now in 
retirement. 




C. S. Liu (Liu Ching-shan) 

t| * 0* £ 4frJT 

C. S. LIU, Government official; 
born at Tientsin, Chihli, 1882 ; studied 
at the Peiyang University, 1903-05 ; 
went to America as a Government 
student in 1905 ; attended the University 
of Pennsylvania majoring in political 
economy, 1905-10, graduating with B.S. 
and M.A. degrees ; returned to China 
in 1910 and was appointed auditor of 
the Kiangsu Provincial Bank ; later, 
professor in the Commercial College 
in Tientsin ; joined the Customs at 
Chefoo as chief of the foreign affairs 
department ; assistant chief of the audit 
and accounts division of the Ministry 
of Communications, 1913 ; technical 



expert in the same Ministry, 1914 ; 
senior secretary of the same Ministry, 
1915 ; joined Ministry of Communica- 
tions and became chief of the audit 
and accounts division of the Railway 
department, 1917 ; chairman of the 
traffic conference, 1918 ; re-appointed 
chief of the audit and accounts division 
of the Railway department, 1919 ; 
vice-chairman of the Chinese Eastern 
Railway Commission and special deputy 
to assist in the organization of the 
University of Communications, 1920 ; 
Vice-President of the Chinese Eastern 
Railway, June, 1921 ; re-joined the 
Ministry of Communications as chief 
of the railway department, Dec. 1921, 
and concurrently served on the various 
commissions in the Ministry; appointed 
expert of the financial re-organization 
commission under the Cabinet, 1923 ; 
joined the Bank of Communications, 
with which he was connected for a 
considerable time ; chairman of the 
Hupeh-Hunan Railway Rehabilitation 
Association, 1931-33 ; director of the 
Northwestern Office of the National 
Economic Council at Sian, 1933-35 ; 
address : National Economic Council, 
Nanking. 



Liu Chu-hsiang 

m n m $ > # 

LIU CHU-HSIANG, Government 
official. 

(See Page 274, 4th Edition). 




Liu Chung-chieh 



m w w -a- 

LIU CHUNG - CHIEH, diplomatic 
official ; born at Ming-hou, Fukien, 
1882 ; after his graduation from Waseda 
University in Japan, he was appointed 
counsellor to the Board of Education ; 
secretary to the Chinese Legation at 
Tokyo ; Consul-General at Yokohama ; 
upon establishment of the Republic, he 
was appointed First Secretary and then 
promoted Counsellor to the Chinese 
Legation at Tokyo, and afterwards 
Charge d'Affaires at Tokyo until 1916 ; 
chief of a commission in charge of 
Foreign Affairs at Tsinanfu and 
Tsingtao, end of 1914 ; chief of the 
diplomatic section at the Headquarters 
of the Republican Army against the 
Monarchical Restoration at Peking, 
1917 ; Councillor in the Cabinet and 
concurrently in the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, 1917-19 ; technical adviser to 
the Chinese Delegation at the Versailles 
Peace Conference, 1918-19 ; Envoy 
Extraordinary and Minister Plenipoten- 
tiary to Spain and Portugal, 1920-28 ; 



Ambassador on special mission to 
Portugal, 1925; Counsellor to the 
Chinese Assessor to the Commission 
of Enquiry of the League of Nations 
in Manchuria, March-July, 1932 ; Vice- 
Minister of Foreign Affairs, June 1932- 
Aug. 1933; Envoy Extraordinary and 
Minister Plenipotentiary to Germany, 
1933-35 ; transferred as Minister to 
Austria, Oct. 1935; was given the rank 
of Ambassador in Aug., 1933 ; decorated 
by the Governments of China, Greece, 
Italy, Japan, Portugal and Spain; 
address: Chinese Legation, Warsaw, 
Austria. 




LIU EN-KE, retired Government 
official; born at Liaoyang, Liaoning, 
1886 ; studied law in Japan ; chief of 
the law bureau of Fengtien province, 
1912 ; member of Lower House of 
Parliament, 1913 ; member of the 
Kuominitang ; member of the drafting 
committee to draft a permanent 
constitution for China ; opposed Yuan 
shih-kai's monarchical movement, 1915 ; 
secretary to the Military Governor of 
Fengtien, 1916 ; member and. later 
vice-speaker of the Lower House of the 
Parliament 1918-20 ; representative of 
the Northern delegation to the Internal 
Peace Conferences at Shanghai, 1918 ; 
circuit magistrate of the Hsin-Ho 
circuit of the Chiaho special area, 1921 ; 
resumed his seat in the Parliament upon 
its reconvocation by Li Yuan-hung, 
1922 ; no response to inquiries has been 
received since 1922. 



GEN. LIU FENG-CHI, army officer; 
born at Hai-ping, Honan; entered 
army service, 1917; received advanced 
training at a Cadets' School established 
by Gen. Feng Yu-hsiang in Peking 
and was graduated from that School ; 
served through various grades in the 
Kuominchun Army and participated in 
the battle of Nankow Pass against the 
Fengtien Army; appointed commander 
of the 16th Mixed Brigade (which 
was formerly commanded by Gen. Feng 
Yu-hsiang in 1917), 1927; promoted 
Commander of the 4th Division of 
Cavalry Force of the Kuominchun the 
same year and fought many battles 
against the Shantung Army of the 
late Gen. Chang Chun-chang during the 
Northern Punitive Expedition ; appointed 
Commander of the 1st Army of Cavalry 
Force with the rank of Full General, 



166 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Gen. Liu Feng-chl 

#1 4. * £ $ *§- 

1929; upon reorganization of tha Army 
as the 1st Cavalry Division in 1930, 
he remained as commander of the 
Division which post he still retains; 
address : Headquarters of the 1st Cavalry 
Division, Lu-Yi Hsien, Honan. 




Liu Hai-sou 

m & it 

LIU HAI-SOU, artist; born at 
Changchow, Kiangsu, 1895 ; following 
his graduation from a primary school 
at Changchow at age of 13, he came 
to Shanghai and attended a Middle 
School ; at age of 16, he established the 
Shanghai Academy of Fine Arts ; in 1913, 
he gave a maiden exposition of his 
productions at Shanghai ; in 1916, the 
Academy of Fine Arts (now known 
as Shanghai College of Fine Arts.) 
held an exposition at which his nude 
paintings were first exhibited, which 
aroused considerable adverse criticisms 
and one critic stigmatised him as the 
"Rebel of Arts" ; in 1917, he attended the 
First Exposition of Japanese Imperial 
Fine Arts Museum and remained in 
Japan for several years to study arts ; 
in 1920, he lectured on modern arts at 
the Peking Government University and 
Peking High Normal School ; in 1927, 
he paid his second visit to Japan and 
held an exhibition of his paintings 
there; in 1929, be was commissioned by 
the Ministry of Education to study art 
education in Europe and at the same 
time to conduct further research into 



European arts ; in this capacity, 
he visited the arts academies and 
galleries in France, Italy, Germany, 
Belgium and Switzerland ; his works 
were qualified at the Salon d'Automne 
and in 1930-31, were again qualified at 
the gallery of Le Salon des Tuileries ; 
his representative productions "Snow 
of Luxemburg" and "Gem of First 
Water" were purchased by the French 
Government ; in March 31, he gave an 
exposition at the Frankfurt University 
Institute of Chinese Studies in Germany ; 
returned to China in September, 1931 ; 
in the Autumn of 1932, under the 
auspices of the City Government of 
Greater Shanghai Municipality, he held 
an exposition of his representative 
oieces at the Ying Shih Memorial Hall, 
7 Kweichow Road ; he again visited 
Europe in 1934, commissioned by the 
Executive Yuan to give a series of 
expositions of Chinese paintings in the 
leading European cities, and returned 
to China in summer , of 1935; besides 
being a painter, he is also an art critic 
and writer author of the following 
works on painting : "New Impressions 
of Modern Arts in Japan," "How to 
Learn Painting," "Hai-Sou's Painting" 
and "Hai-Sou's New Compositions," 
"Six Principles on Chinese Painting" 
which has been translated into French 
by Prof. Louis Laloy of the University 
of Paris ; "Hai-Sou's Series (in six 
volumes") and "The World's Famous 
Compositions of Painting (in five 
volumes) ; address: Shanghai College of 
Fine Arts, 442 Rue Marche, Shanghai. 




Liu Hsiang 

m m $ -ft b 

LIU HSIANG, Government official; 
born at Tayi near Chengtu, Szechuan, 
1890; attended the Military Academy 
in Chengtu, graduating in 1910; 
entered the Army service shortly after 
establishment of the Republic; made 
a brigadier-general 1917; a division 
commander, 1918; commander of 2nd 
army at Paoting, 1920; Military and 
Civil Governor of Szechuan, 1921-22; 
director of military reorganization at 
Wanhsien, 1923 ; made a Full-General, 
1924; Director for the Defense of 
Yunnan Frontier; Defense Commis- 
sioner of the Thibetan Frontier; 
Commissioner of Bandit Suppression; 
Director-General of Military Affairs 
of Szechuan, 1928 ; Commander of the 
21st Army, 1929 ; fought against 
his uncle General Liu Wen-hui for 
supremacy in Szechuan, 1933 ; now 



Chairman of the Szechuan Provincial 
Government and concurrently Com- 
mander-in-Chief of the Communist- 
suppression Forces of Szechuan ; 
address : Szechuan Provincial Govern- 
ment, Chengtu, Szechuan. 




Liu Hslng-chl 

#J ft * 
LIU HSING-CHI, Government 
official; born at Hankow, Hupeh, Sept. 
27, 1902; attended Boone Preparatory 
School, 1911; graduate of Tsing Hua 
College, 1922 ; sent to the United States 
on the returned American Boxer- 
Indemnity Funds ; attended Iowa State 
College of Agriculture, 1922-23 ; gra- 
duated from the University of Wisconsin 
in 1924 with the degree of Bachelor of 
Agriculture ; and Master of Science 
from Cornell University, 1926 ; returned 
to China in 1926 ; served as secretary 
to the Political Bureau of the National 
Government ; secretary, Central Depart- 
ment of Labor, 1926-27 ; member of the 
Commission of Technical Experts at- 
tached to the Provincial Government of 
Hupeh, 1927-28; Director of the Hupeh 
Provincial Agricultural and Forestry 
Experiment Station, 1928-29 ; Technical 
Expert of the Department of Recon- 
struction of the Provincial Government 
of Anhwei ; concurrently Director of 
the Provincial Agricultural Experiment 
Station, 1929-30; Chief of the 
Department of Agriculture of the 
Provincial Government of Chekiang, 
1930-31 ; Senior Technical Expert to 
the Ministry of Industry, 1931-32; 
Director of the Department of Fishery 
and Animal Industry of the Ministry 
of Industry and concurrently, Director 
of the National Animal Husbandry 
Experiment Station, since 1932 ; author 
of "The Practices of Animal Husbandry" 
and "The Administration of Animal 
Industry" (both in Chinese) ; address: 
Department of Fishery and Animal 
Industry, Mfnistry of Industry, Nanking. 



LIU HUA-JUI, university professor; 
born in Kiangsi, 1898; studied for 
many years in China and abroad chiefly 
on the subjects of philosophy and 
history ; interested in the promotion of 
oriental civilization and organised the 
Association for the Development of 
Asiatic Culture ; represented China at 
the Pan-Asiatic Conference at Nagasaki, 
Japan, 1923 and toured Japan, studying 
cultural conditions : after returning to 
China, he travelled throughout the 
country and organised the Society of 
Oriental Civilization at Shanghai ; acting 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



167 




Liu Hua-jui 

*l #■ *& f * *> 
president ana dean of the Shanghai 
College of Fine Arts, Shanghai, 1927 
and served concurrently as a lecturer 
at the National Conservatory of Music, 
Shanghai ; professor of oriental culture 
At the National Wuhan University, 
Wuchang, 1929 ; promoted the organiza- 
tion of the Institute of Chinese Arts 
at Shanghai, 1930 ; went to Mukden 
1930 to study the Manchurian problem 
where he became a professor of the 
North-Eastern University ; while in 
Manchuria, he visited Dairen and Port 
Arthur and Changchun to study 
Japanese industrial development and 
also visited Harbin and Manchouli to 
observe Russian enterprises ; after 
the occupation of Mukden by the 
Japanese Army on Sept. 18, 1931, he 
•organised the People's National Salva- 
tion Association in Shanghai ; when 
the League of Nations' Commission of 
Inquiry came to China in March, 1932, 
he was invited to be a technical advisor 
to the Commission and drafted the 
Memorandum on the diplomatic prob- 
lems of the Northeastern Provinces ; 
he travelled extensively in Europe after 
Lord Lytton's mission to China, study- 
ing cultural and political conditions ; 
he returned to China in 1933 and was 
appointed a member of the Treaty 
Commission of the Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs by the National Government ; 
promotor and founder of the China 
League of International Cultural Rela- 
tions in Shanghai, which was re-organiz- 
ed in 1935 as the International League 
for Cultural Cooperation (in China) ; 
advisor to the Hunan Provincial Gov- 
•ernment and concurrently to the 
Commander-in-Chief of the 1st Route 
Bandit-suppression Army in Hunan, 
since Nov. 1935 ; address : House 57, 
410 Haiphong Road, Shanghai. 



O. S. LIEU, merchant and industria- 
list ; born at Shanghai, Kiangsu, 1888 ; 
attended St. John's University at 
Shanghai, but was obliged to discontinue 
his study before graduation ; entered 
business in Shanghai and is now 
managing-director of the following com- 
panies : Kailan Sales Agency, Shanghai 
Portland Cement Co., the China Match 
Co., the China Wool Manufactory, 
China. Coal Briquette Co., and East 
China Mining Co. ; in addition to the 
above, he is a director of several other 
big companies in Shanghai ; general 
manager of the China Merchants' 
Steam Navigation Company, since 1932 ; 
councillor of the Shanghai Municipal 
Council, 1930-33; director of the 




0. S. Lieu (Liu Hung-sheng) 

*J 4 *. 
China Development Bank, Shanghai ; 
a philanthropist and founder of the 
following schools and hospitals : Tinghai 
Public School, Tinghai Girls' School and 
Tinghai Hospital at Tinghai, Chekiang 
and the Thibet Road Hospital at 
Shanghai ; a director of the Chinese 
Red Cross Hospital ; address : China 
Merchants' Steam Navigation Company, 
9 The Bund, Shanghai. 





the Fengtien Army (Chang Hsueh-liang 
Commander) ; promoted commander of 
18th regiment of the Fengtien Army ; 
for meritorious services he was succes- 
sively promoted commander of the 8rd 
Brigade, commander of the 4th Brigade 
and commander of the 10th Division 
of the Fengtien Army with the rank 
of Lieut-General ; participated in the 
compaign against the Northern Military 
Coalition at Peiping, 1930 and upon 
recommendation of Gen. Chang Hsueh- 
Vlang, was appointed chairman of 
Charhar Provincial Government in addi- 
tion to his original post as commander 
of the 10th Division ; he is now with 
General Chang Hsueh-liang. 



Liu l-tei 



JT A ft ? — ft 

LIU I-FEI, army officer; born at 
Te-ling Hsien, Liaoning, 1893 ; received 
his preliminary training from a military 
school at Mukden ; joined the re- 
volutionary movement in 1911 and 
successively filled several posts in the 
Headquarters of Governor of Chefoo 
and in the Three Eastern Provinces ; 
acting chief of staff in the Headquarters 
of the Commander of the Revolutionary 
Forces in Taitung and Chuchen 
districts, Shantung, during the 2nd 
Revolution against Yuan Shih-kai 1916 ; 
attended Paoting Military Officers' 
Academy and was graduated in 1918 
at age of 26 ; after graduation, he 
re-entered the army service and succes- 
sively served as company commander, 
army instructor and other military 
posts ; promoted a staff officer with the 
rank of Lieut.-Colonel ; appointed a 
regimental commander of the Body- 
Guards of the late Chang Tso-lin ; 
transferred as acting chief of staff to 
the Commander of the 2nd Brigade of 




Liu Yen-hong (Liu Jen-hang) 

LIU YEN-HONG, social worker; 
born at Pee-hsien, Kiangsu; studied 
in Japan; president of the model local 
self-government training school and 
chairman of the national democracy 
propagation association, 1917 ; principal 
of the 7th provincial normal school of 
Kiangsu, at Hsuchow, 1917; educational 
commissioner to investigate educational 
conditions' in Kiangsu, 1919; chief editor 
of the China Daily News at Shanghai, 
1924 ; author of "The History of 
Oriental Cosmopolitanism" ; he is now 
living in Shanghai. 




J. Hang Liu (Liu Jul-heng) 

*) n, is 

J. HENG LIU, director of health: 
born at Tientsin in 1891 ; attended 
Peiyang U. at Tientsin 1905-06 ; studied 
at Harvard U. from which he received 



168 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



a B.Sc. degree in 1909 and a M.D. in 
1915 ; was surgeon at the Red Cross 
Hospital at Shanghai and associate 
in surgery at Harvard Medical School 
of China, 1915-18 ; associate professor 
of surgery at Peking Union Medical 
College Hospital 1918-22; Medical 
Superintendent of Peking Union 
Medical College Hospital, 1923-34; 
president of National Medical Associa- 
tion of China, 1926-28; Vice-Minister 
of Health, 1928-29 ; director of Peking 
Union Medical College 1929 ; Acting 
Minister of Health 1929-30 ; Minister 
of Health, 1930; Chairman of National 
Opium Suppression Commission, 1930-35 ; 
now Director of National . Health 
Administration formerly under the 
Ministry of Interior but now under the 
Executive Yuan, and of the Central 
Field Health Station, National Economic 
Council ; Chairman of the Military 
Medical Supervisory Commission of the 
Military Council, since 1932 ; address : 
National Health Administration, Nan- 
king. 



Liu Kuan-hsiung 

m & * $ ft a 

LIU KUAN-HSIUNG, Naval officer. 
(See Page 278, 4th Edition). 




L. N. Lau (Liu Lu-nan) 



L. N. LAU, merchant; born at 
Sunwui, Canton, Kwangtung, 1892 ; was 
graduated from Canton Christian 
College at age of 23 ; studied in 
America, graduating in 1919 from the 
college of arts and sciences of Cornell 
University; after graduation, he or- 
ganized the Florida Agricultural 
Corporation in 1919 and was succes- 
sively appointed director, vice-president 
and treasurer of the Corporation ; 
returned to China in 1920 and was 
appointed secretary to the director Sf 
Canton Government Mint ; manager of 
the New York branch of the Chinese 
Merchants' Bank of Hongkong, 1922 ; 
vice-president and director of Vantine, 
Inc., at New York, dealing in oriental 
merchandise, 1924 ; he was one of the 
founders of the Rho Psi Fraternity at 
Cornell University; no further informa- 
tion has been received in recent years. 




Liu Lu-yin 

n i * 

LIU LU-YIN, Government official; 
born at Yungfeng, Kiangsi, 1894 ; 
member of Tungmenhui at the age of 
17 ; entered Fuhtan University, Shanghai, 
1913 ; assisted in raising funds for Chen 
Chi-mei in the revolution in Shanghai, 
1914 ; joined the Kuomintang, 1915 ; 
graduated from Fuhtan University, 1917 ; 
pursued further studies in philosophy, 
economics and political science in the 
University of California, U.S.A., gra- 
duating 1921 ; appointed by Dr. Sun 
Yat-sen as editor-in-chief of the Young 
China in San Francisco, 1919 ; chief 
secretary of Canadian Headquarters of 
Kuomintang, 1923 ; secretary to the 
publicity department of the first Central 
Executive Committee ; when the Nor- 
thern Punitive Expedition was launched, 
he identified himself with the Youth 
Movement ; professor of English and 
political science in Shanghai and Fuh- 
tan Universities, then head of Sociology 
Department of Fuhtan University, 1926 ; 
secretary of the Publicity Department 
of the Central Party Headquarters 
and concurrently editor-in-chief of the 
Central Bi-monthly Magazine during 
the Party "purgation" movement ; 
accompanied Hu Han-min, Sun Fo and 
Wu Chao-chu on their European ins- 
pection tour in 1928 ; on his return 
appointed director of the Compilation 
and Translation Department of the 
Legislative Yuan ; in 1929 elected 
member of the Central Executive 
Committee at the Third National 
Congress of Kuomintang ; member of 
Examination Yuan, and concurrently 
member and Commissioner of Civil 
Affairs of the Kiangsi Provincial 
Government, 1930 ; appointed Director 
of the Publicity Department of the 
Central Party Headquarters in Nov., 
1930 ; member of the Southwest Political 
Council, since 1934 ; re-elected member 
of the Central Executive Committee, 
Nov. 1935 ; a staunch follower of- Hu 
Han-min ; address : Southwest Political 
Council, Canton. 



MISS LIU MAN-CHING, former 
government commissioner to Tibet ; 
born in Tibet, 1906 ; for the purpose 
of education, she left Tibet for China 
at the age of 6 and entered a Girls' 
Normal School at Peking ; later she 
attended a missionary medical school 
at Peking, but differences in religion 
compelled her to discontinue her medical 
study; when the Mongolian and Tibetan 
Affairs Committee of the National 
Government at Nanking was formed. 




Miss Liu Man-chlng 

m * % 

she joined the committee and later was 
appointed a secretary of the National 
Government ; in July 1929, she was 
appointed government commissioner to 
Tibet to convey the good wishes of the 
National Government to the Tibetan 
chieftans and people and to study and 
report on conditions in Tibet ; after a 
tedious and adventurous journey of fully 
8 months on horse back and by foot, 
she reacheS Lhasa, Capital of Tibet, in 
February, 1930 ; while in Tibet, she 
interviewed the late Dalai Lama three 
times on the question of Chinese policy 
towards Tibet and enunicated the Three 
Peoples' Principles to the Tibetan peo- 
ple ; she also pointed out the difference 
between the Kuomintang and the Com- 
munist Party in China and dispelled the 
rumour of prohibition of observance of 
Buddhism by the Kuomintang ; upon 
completion of her mission, she returned 
to Nanking and resumed her post as 
secretary to the National Government ; 
during the past few years, she has 
visited Tibet twice and is now in 
Nanking. 




Liu Meng-yang 

m a % 

LIU MENG - YANG, Government 

official ; born at Tientsin, Chihli, 
1876; editor of the Ta Kung> Poo, 
Tientsin, 1902 and as such did much 
propaganda work for the Society of 
Unbinding Feet ; organized the news- 
paper Mien Sheng Pao, a people's 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



169 



paper, in 1907 ; appointed vice-chairman 
of the Tientsin local assembly in 1908 : 
head of the Tientsin local tax office and 
chief supervisor of all police branches, 
1911-17; magistrate of the Tsie Hsien, 
Yung Nien Hsien, Wo Chiao Hsien and 
Tientsin Hsien, 1918-25, and at one 
time was vice-director of the Chihli 
tax bureau ; retired from political life, 
1925-27 ; member of the advisory board 
of the Tientsin local government, 1928 ; 
acting head of the bureau of the 
streets and suburbs administrations of 
the Tientsin Special Area, 1929 to 
present ; address : Tientsin Special Area 
Administration, Tientsin. 




Liu Shang-chlng 

m & % 

LIU SHANG-CHING, retired Gov- 
ernment official ; born at Haicheng, 
Liaoning ; was graduated from the 
Fengtien College of Law and Political 
Science ; served successively as director 
of the Bank of Manchuria, commis- 
sioner of finance of Heilungkiang, 
director of the Chinese Eastern 
Railway, Minister of Agriculture and 
Commerce of the former Peking Gov- 
ernment, Civil Governor of Fengtien, 
member of the North Eastern Political 
Council and Minister of Interior of the 
National Government at Nanking ; he 
is now living in retirement. 




infantry of the Paoting Military College ; 
staff officer to the Headquarters of 
the Commander of the Hu Kuo Chun 
(National Protection Army) of 
Kwangtung and Kwangsi ; served in 
Yunnan Army in various capacities ; 
battalion commander in Kiangsi Army ; 
vice-regimental commander and staff 
officer in the Kwangtung Army ; 
instructor at the Whampoa Military 
Academy ; vice-regimental commander 
and battalion commander of the- Kuo- 
mintang's Training Corps ; commander 
of the 1st Regiment of the 1st Division 
of the Nationalist Revolutionary Army ; 
vice-commander and later Commander 
of the 20th Nationalist Division ; 
Commander of the 1st Nationalist 
Army ; member of the Military Affairs 
Commission of the Nationalist Govern- 
ment ; Commander-in-Chief of the 1st 
Army Corps of the First Group Army ; 
when his Army was reorganised in 
accordance with the disbandment 
program, he was appointed Commander 
of the 1st Division and concurrently 
Bandit-suppression Commissioner of 
Hsuchow and Haichow ; during the 
war between Nanking Government and 
the Kwangsi Faction, he was appointed 
Commander-in-Chief of the 2nd Route 
Expeditionary Forces and concurrently 
Commander of the 1st Army ; after 
the Kwangsi Faction was defeated, his 
Army occupied Wuhan cities ; elected 
member of the Central Executive 
Committee of the Kuomintang, 1929 ; 
Commander-in-Chief of the 2nd Army 
Corps 1930 and in October of the 
same year, was appointed Chairman 
of the Honan Provincial Government 
which post he now retains ; in 1931, he 
concurrently acted as Director of the 
Kaifeng Headquarters of the President 
of the Military Affairs Commission and 
now he holds the concurrent post of 
Pacification Commissioner of Honan and 
member of the State Council of the 
National Government ; address : Honan 
Provincial Government, Kaifeng, Honan. 




S. Francis Liu (Liu Shin-fang) 
*! * £ 

S. FRANCIS LIU, lawyer; born at 
Ningpo, Chekiang, September 15, 1901 ; 
attended Shanghai High School, 1912-17 ; 
Tsing Hua College, Peking, 1917-20; 
went to the United States and studied 
at Harvard University and Oberlin 
College, Ohio, 1920-21 ; attended Yale 
University law school, 1921-24 and 
received LL.B. degree ; president of Cos- 
mopolitan Club of Yale; vice-president 
of the eastern section of Chinese 
Students' Alliance, 1928 ; Goettingen 
University, Germany, 1924-25 ; Berlin 
University, 1925-26; Genoble University, 



France, 1926-27; returned to China in 
1927 and entered into law practice; at 
the same time he was lecturer in 
American law at Chi-Nan University, 
Shanghai, and lecturer on German civil 
law at the Comparative Law School of 
China, Shanghai, the latter position he 
still holds ; Dean of Law Department, 
Chi-Nan University, 1931-32 ; member 
of the Shanghai Bar Association ; 
member American University and 
Returned Students' Club ; translator of 
"Third Book on the Law of Things of 
New Chinese Civil Code" ; and "The 
Negotiable Instrument Law of China" ; 
address: 133 Yuen Ming Yuen Road, 
Shanghai. 




Liu Shih-hsuen 

*J K H £ $ # 

LIU SHIH-HSUEN, retired diplo- 
matic official ; born at Nan-hui, Kiangsu, 
1868 ; after studying French for 15 
years, he was sent to the Chinese Lega- 
tion at Paris as a student interpreter ; 
transferred to the Chinese Legation at 
Petrograd and then to Berlin ; assisted 
Li Hung-chang in restoring friendly 
relations with the Powers after the 
Boxer Uprising, 1900 ; French secretary 
to the Imperial Mission to attend the 
coronation of King Edward VII, 1904 ; 
Chinese Minister to France, 1906-12 ; 
vice-Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1913 ; 
Minister to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 
1914-17 ; counsellor to the President 
and member of the Foreign Affairs 
Commission, 1918 ; vice-Minister of 
Foreign Affairs, 1920-22 ; vice-president 
of the diplomatic commission, 1923 ; 
married a French wife in 1904 and 
returned with her to China in 1912 ; 
he is now living in retirement. 



LIU SHIH SHUN, Government 
official; native of Ifeng, Kiangsi; 
born at Hsiang-hsiang, Hunan, 1900 : 
graduate, Tsing Hua College, 1920; 
A.B. Hopkins, 1921 ; graduate student, 
Michigan, 1922-23 ; A.M. Harvard, 1923 ; 
Ph.D. Columbia, 1925 ; Fellow in Inter- 
national Law, Carnegie Endowment for 
International Peace, 1921-23; Professor, 
Tsing Hua University, 1925-27 ; member, 
Treaty Commission, Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs 1927-28; Senior Member of 
the same Commission, 1928-30; Acting 
Counsellor, Ministry of Foreign 
Affairs, 1929-30; Counsellor, Ministry 
of Foreign Affairs, 1929-30 ; Counsellor 
Ministry of Interior ; member. Legisla- 
tive Yuan, 1930-32 ; Advisor, Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, 1930-32 ; Acting Director 
Department of International Affairs, 



170 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 




Liu Shih-shun 

•f J *f # ^ ^ JL 

1932 ; Director, Department of European 
and American Affairs, Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, since 1932 ; Professor 
of International Law, National Central 
University, since 1929 ; Lecturer on 
International Law, Central College of 
Political Science, since 1932 ; author, 
Extraterritoriality: Its Rise and Its 
Decline, 1925 ; address : Ministry of 
Foreign Affairs, Nanking. 




S. T. Liu (Liu Shu-chl) 

m *t & 

S. T. LIU, Government official; born 
at Puchi, Hupeh ; received his early 
education at the Government Middle 
School in Wuchang ; upon the outbreak 
of the 1911 Revolution at Wuchang, 
he entered Government service and 
was appointed chief secretary to the 
bureau of finance ; was sent by the 
Hupeh Provincial Government to the 
United States to study 1913 ; attended 
the University of Illinois, 1913-15 ; the 
University of Michigan, majoring in 
chemical engineering and received his 
B.S.E. degree in 1917 ; Columbia 
University, receiving his M.A. degree 
in chemical engineering in 1918 and 
Ph.D. degree in chemistry in 1919; 
laboratory instructor in chemistry in 
Columbia University, 1918-19; upon 
returning to China, he taught 
chemistry in the University of Amoy, 
serving as head of the department 
of chemistry and also dean of the 



College of Natural Sciences ; nominated 
by the Board of Trustees as acting 
president of the University and in 
this capacity was responsible for the 
organization of the science department 
of the University ; member and con- 
currently commissioner of education 
of the Hupeh Provincial Government, 
1928-29. 




Liu Shu-fan 

LIU SHU-FAN, retired Government 
official ; born at Foochow, Fukien in 
1880; following his graduation from 
Foochow College he joined the postal 
service and after many advances was 
appointed deputy postal commissioner 
for Kweichow, Shensi and Anhwei 
provinces, which position' he held from 
1915-27; in October, 1927 he was 
appointed by the National Government 
as chief of the postal department of 
the Ministry of Communications and 
acted concurrently as Director-General 
of Posts; in March 1929 he was 
appointed as China's plenipotentiary 
delegate to the Universal Postal 
Congress in London ; following the 
Congress he was sent on an extensive 
tour of England, Belgium, Holland, 
Germany, Austria, Italy, Switzerland, 
France, Canada, United States and 
Japan to study postal affairs ; Director- 
General of Postal Remittances and 
Savings Bank, 1930-31 ; he is now 
living in retirement. 




SHU- YUNG LIU, ceramic engineer; 
born at Tai-shan, Kwangtung, 1897; 
attended Tsinghua College, graduating 
in 1918 ; was sent to America on ' a 
Boxer indemnity scholarship, where 
he studied ceramic engineering at Ohio 
State University and was graduated 
from the New York State School of 
Ceramics and Clay Working with B.Sc. 
degree in ceramic engineering, 1921 ; 
worked in the Thatcher Furnace Co., 
and the Baltimore Porcelain Enamel 
Manufacturing Co., as an enamel 
chemist after graduation ; returned to 
China in 1922 and was one of the 
organizers of the Chen Kwong Ceramics 
Co., in Hongkong of which he has been 
an engineer. 




Shu-yung Liu (Liu Shu-yung) 

*i m m 



Dakuln K. Lieu (Liu Ta-chun) 

*J * « £ # ft 
DAKU1N K. LIEU, economist; born 
at Chinkiang, Kiangsu in 1891; 
studied mathematics, science and 
modern languages under private 
tutors until 1905 when he was sent 
to Shanghai to attend the Y.M.C.A. 
School ; from there he went to 
Peking where he attended the Wu 
Ch'eng Middle School and later the 
Imperial University; went to America 
in 1911 and studied economics at the 
University of Michigan from which he 
received B.A. degree in 1915 and was 
elected to Phi Beta Kappa, highest 
honorary scholastic fraternity ; upon the 
recommendation of Prof. Henry C. Adams 
he travelled extensively in America study- 
ing industrial and financial conditions 
as affected by the world war ; upon 
returning to China he became English 
secretary of the Kiangsu Provincial 
Educational Association and from 
1916-19 he was professor of economics 
at Tsing Hua College; cost accountant 
of the Hanyang Iron Works, 1919-20; 
helped organise the Government 
Bureau of Economic Information in 
1920 and served as chief of the 
research and investigation department 
until 1928; elected a fellow of the 
Hoyal Society of Arts of England, 
1920; organized the Chinese Economic 
Society in 1923 and was elected 
president for three years and since 
then has been vice-president; between 
1920 and 1928 he also served at 
different times as expert on the 
All-China Finance Commission, expert 
of the Financial Readjustment 
Commission, secretary of the Chinese 
delegation to the Washington 

Conference, expert of the special 
tariff conference preparation bureau, 
expert of the Chinese delegation to 
the Special Tariff Conference, dean of 
the English department of the Peking 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



171 



Teachers' College and professor of 
economics at Chiaotung University. 
Peiping; was awarded the Chiaho 
Order for his contributions to learning 
and service to society ; published a 
series of articles in English in a 
book entitled "China's Industries and 
Finance" in August, 1927; was a 
prime factor in establishing the China 
Critic in May, 1928 of which he was 
editor for 5 years ; expert member of 
■*he National Financial Conference 
called by the Ministry of Finance of 
*he National Government in July, 1928 
and in December of the same year, 
was made director of the bureau of 
statistics of the Legislative Yuan, and 
when that bureau was reorganized 
into the Directorate of Statistics of 
the National Government, was made 
director of the new office and con- 
currently comptroller of the Budget, 
Accounts and Statistics of the National 
Government, from which he resigned in 
1932 ; was Chinese Government Delegate 
to the International Statistical Confer- 
ences at Tokyo in 1930 and at Madrid 
in 1931, as well as the International 
Conference on Population Problems at 
Rome, in 1931 ; organized and served 
as President of the Chinese Statistical 
Society from 1930-43 and again 
elected to the same office in 
1934 ; in the meantime he has 
also been engaged as economist of 
the Shanghai Commercial and Savings 
Bank ; adviser to the Domestic and 
Foreign Debt Consolidation Commission ; 
member of the planning commission 
of the Ministry of Finance and the 
Ministry of Industry, Commerce and 
Labor ; a special research fellow of 
the National Research Institute and 
a member of the accounts unification 
committee of the National Construction 
Commission ; he was made an examiner 
■on economic questions in the civil 
service examination for district 
magistrates of Chekiang in 1928 ; he 
served 1927-31 as Chinese member of 
the international research committee 
of the Institute of Pacific Relations 
and prepared pamphlets on "Foreign 
Investments in China" "China's Cotton 
Industry" "Shanghai Industrialization" 
and the "Silk Reeling Industry in 
Shanghai" for the Institute, published a 
Chinese book on "Economic Conditions 
of Farm Tenants in China," 1929 ; was 
advisory editor of the Social Science 
Abstracts of New York, until the pub- 
lication was suspended in 1933 ; has 
been director of the China Institute of 
Economic and Statistical Research which 
he organized under the joint auspices of 
the Chinese Economic and Statistical 
Societies in 1931, chairman of the 
Social Science Research Council of 
China ; member of the Planning 
Commission of the General Staff's 
Office; adviser in charge of economic 
investigation work of the Kingchen 
Banking Corporation ; co-director of 
the research department of the Sun 
Yatsen Institute of Culture and 
Education ; general manager of the 
Tah Cheng firm of accountants 
and consulting statisticians ; edi- 
torial correspondent of Pacific Affairs 
for China ; adviser, Land Committee of 
the National Economic Council, member 
of the Second National Finance Con- 
ference convocated in Nanking in 1934 ; 
and honorary research fellow of the 
Central Bank ; address : China 
Institute of Economic and Statistical 
Research. 25 Passage, 967 Ave. Joffre, 
Shanghai. 




Tal-chi Lau (Liu Tl-chih) 
« * * 

TAI-CHI LAU, dentist; born in 
Canton, Kwangtung, 1893 ; received his 
early education in the preparatory 
department of the Lingnan University, 
Canton ; after two years of collegiate 
training, he proceeded to the United 
States and entered the Evans' Dental 
School of the University of Pennsylvania 
for training in dentistry, receiving the 
degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery 
from the said institution in 1919 ; upon 
his return from America, he started 
his practice and was for more than 
four years the only dentist to Dr. 
Sun Yat-sen ; he is now practising in 
his father's former office in Canton ; 
his chief hobby is pictorial photography 
for which he is well-known. 




Timothy Tintj-fanij Lew (Liu Ting-fang) 

m M. # 

TIMOTHY T'ING-FANG LEW, 

university professor; born at 
Wenchow, Chekiang in 1891; received 
his preliminary education at Wenchow 
College and St. John's University ; 
went to America where he entered 
the University of Georgia where he 
won Horace Russell Prize in 
nsychology ; he later entered Columbia 
University and received his A.B. 
(1914), M.A. (1915) and Ph.D. degrees 
(in psychology and education) (1920) ; 
studied theology in Union Seminary 
and received his B.D. (magna cum 
laude) from Yale University, 1918 and 
won Fogg Divinity Prize Scholarship ; 
assistant in the department of 



religious education, Union Seminary, 
t918; elected to membership in the 
American Society of Church History 
and the Council of the Religious 
Education Association ; returned to 
Dhina in 1920 and appointed dean of 
the graduate school of education at 
Peking Government Teacher's College ; 
professor of psychology at National 
University, Peking and a member of 
the theological faculty of Yenching 
Jniversity, 1920; elected dean of the 
school of theology in Yenching 
University, 1921-26; went to America 
and taught at Yale University Union 
Theological Seminary, and Hartford 
Theological Seminary, 1926-27 ; delegate 
to the World Conference on Faith and 
Order, held at Lausanne, Switzerland, 
1927 ; represented the National Christian 
Council of China at a meeting of the 
World Alliance for Promoting Interna- 
tional Friendship Through the Churches 
held in Germany in 1927 : returned to 
America and was visiting professor at 
Boston University; he gave the Enoch 
Pond lectures at Bangor Seminary in 
February 1828 and the Alden Tuthill 
lectures at Chicago Seminary in May, 
1928; returned to China in 1928, 
and resumed his connection with 
Yenching and National Universities ; 
resigned his professorship at National 
University in 1928 to accept the 
position of assistant to the Chancel- 
lor; he was concurrently professor of 
psychology and religious education at 
Yenching and lecturer at the National 
Universities ; he attended the National 
Christian Conference, 1922 and was 
author of the "Message of the 
Church" ; he helped organize the 
National Christian Council of China, 
and was elected to its membership 
in 1922, 1928, 1929, 1931, and 1933 ; 
he is a member of its administrative 
committee and executive committee 
1933-35; president of the China 
Christian Educational Association, 
1925-28; general committee man of 
the World Student Christian Federa- 
tion since 1920 ; member of the World 
Alliance for Promoting Friendship 
Through the Churches since 1926; 
member of the Continuation Committee 
of the World Conference on Faith 
and Order, 1926 ; committeeman of the 
World Conference for International 
Peace through Religion, 1929 ; elected 
Chairman of the National Committee 
of Christian Religious Education 1931, 
1932, 1933 and 1934 ; executive 
council. Psychological Association of 
China. 1923; Government Commission 
on the investigation of elementary 
school records, 1924; member of the 
commission on standardizing and 
translating scientific terminology, 1929 : 
co-founder of the National Society of 
Education in 1932, and elected member of 
its Board of directors, and Chairman of 
the 1934 Annual Conference ; joint-editor 
and author "China in Education," joint- 
author, "China Today" ; joint-author of 
"Some Aspects of China's Civilization," 
joint-author of "China Today — Second 
Series" ; joint-author "How to Measure 
in Education (Chinese)"; author of 
"China in American Text Books," 
"The Psychology of Learning 
Chinese," "Middle School Intelligence 
Tests" (series I and series II), 
"Problems of the Chinese Church," "The 
Renaissance Movement" and "Mountain 
Storm" (verse) ; translator of Kaheil 
Gibran's "Madman." Houseman's 

"Nazareth," Canon Streeter's "Moral 
Adventure," Elliott's "Contribution of 
Modern Psychology to Religion," etc.; 
editor of Life Journal. 1920-1924 ; 
editor of Truth Weekly 1924-26 ; 
associate editor of Journal of New 
Education, 1922-25 ; editor of Truth 
and Life Bi-weekly, 1928, to present ; 
founded The Amethyst Journal in 1930 



172 



WHO'S WHO IN CHINA 



of which he is now editor ; co-founder 
of "The Education of Tomorow," a 
weekly journal of modern educational 
theory and practice in China, and its 
editor-in-chief 1934 — ; member of the 
following honor societies : Phi Beta 
Kappa, Kappa Delta Pi (education), 
Sigma Delta Chi (The American Jour- 
nalism) and Phi Tau Phi (Chinese) ; 
honorary D.D. degree, Middlebury 
College, 1927 ; and Oberlin conferred 
upon him the Honorary S.T.D. (Doctor 
of Sacred Theology), "Medalist of 
the University," Columbia University, 
1929; address: Yenching University, 
Haitien, Peiping. 





Yoehngoo Tsoh-sang Katharine Lew 
(Mrs Liu Tins-fang) 

* * # £ 

YOEHNGOO TSOH-SANG, KATH- 
ERINE LEW (MRS. T. T. LEW), 

university professor, kindergartener ; 
born in Shanghai ; graduated from the 
McTyiere School, Shanghai ; studied 
in Japan and graduated from the 
Hiroshina Normal School ; returned to 
China and taught in the Davidson 
Memorial School, Soochow ; went to 
the U.S.A. and studied at La Grange 
College, Georgia ; received diploma in 
Music, LaGrange College and in 
Kindergarten Education, the Atlanta 
Kindergarten Normal ; later she took 
music education in New York Univer- 
sity ; received B.S. in education, 
Teachers' College, Columbia, and M.A. 
Columbia University 1915 ; returned to 
China and became dean of Kindergarten 
Normal School, Soochow; in 1918 she 
went again to U.S.A. for research 
in education ; appointed Principal of 
the First Provincial Normal School 
of Kiangsu, 1929 ; Dean of Women, 
Normal University of Peking 1921-27; 
and Associate Professor of Education, 
Yenching University 1920-22 ; lecturer 
and later Professor, The National 
Normal University of Peiping 1921-27 ; 
Professor, National Normal University 
for Women 1924-28; since 1928 lecturer 
in Education, the National University 
of Peking and National Normal 
University of Peiping ; contributing 
editor, Journal of New Education, 
1923-25 ; Co-founder and Associate 
editor of Education of Tomorrow — a 
weekly journal of modern educational 
theory and practice in China; associate 
secretary of the National Society of 
Child-education, Peiping, 1934-35 ; Pre- 
sident of the Federation of Women's 
Clubs, Peiping, 1934; member of the 
Honor Society of Phi Tao Phi ; address : 
c/o National Normal University, Pei- 
ping. 



T. Liu (Liu Toh) 

*! #$**;#. 

T. (TOH) LIU, chemist and univer- 
sity professor ; born in Huang-Pi, 
Hupeh Province, November 15, 1899 ; 
M.S., Ph.D., Ohio State University, 
U.S.A., specializing in industrial and 
agricultural chemistry ; member of Phi 
Lambda Upsilon (Honorary Chemical 
Fraternity), Sigma Xi (Honorary 
Fraternity of Scientific Research), 
Chinese Chemical Society, Agricultural 
Society, Engineer's Society, Science 
Society, Society of Arts and Science, 
etc. ; Research Fellow, Chemical 
Engineering Department, Ohio State 
University, 1925-26 ; lecturer, National 
College of Technology, Peiping 1926-30 ; 
secretary of agricultural and industrial 
works, National Association of Mass 
Education Movement 1927 ; Professor, 
National Normal University, Peiping, 
1927-31 ; Chairman, Agricultural Che- 
mistry Department, National College 
of Agriculture, Peiping, 1928-31 ; Dean, 
College if Science, National Normal 
Universit /, Peiping, since