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IOWA 

K-12 & SCHOOL CHOICE SURVEY 



What Do Voters Say About K-12 Education? 



Polling Paper No. 16 
October 8, 2013 

With questions on state performance, education spending, 
grades and preferences for different types of schools, and 
views on private schools, charter schools, school vouchers, 
tax-credit scholarships, and education savings accounts 



Paul DiPerna 



Research Director 



paul@edchoice.org 



THE FRIEDMAN 



FOUNDATION 




www.edchoice.org 



Survey Project & Profile 



Title: 

Survey Organization: 
Survey Sponsor: 
Release Partner (s): 
Interview Dates: 
Interview Method: 
Interview Length: 
Language(s): 
Sample Frame: 
Sampling Method: 
Population Samples: 

Margins of Error: 

Response Rates: 

Weighting? 
Oversampling? 



Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey 
Braun Research, Inc. (BRI) 

The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice 
Iowa Alliance for Choice in Education (Iowa ACE) 
June 24 to July 2, 2013 

Live Telephone | 70% landline and 30% cell phone 

12 minutes (average) 

English 

Registered Voters 

Dual Frame; Probability Sampling; Random Digit Dial (RDD) 
IOWA = 605 

Eastern/Cedar Rapids = 262 
Central/Des Moines = 229 

IOWA = ± 4.0 percentage points 
Eastern/Cedar Rapids = ± 6.1 percentage points 
Central/Des Moines = ± 6.5 percentage points 

Landline (LL) = 13.2% 
Cell Phone = 11.7% 

Yes (Age, Race, Ethnicity, Gender, Region, and Landline/ Cell) 
No 



Project Contact: 

Paul DiPerna | Research Director I paul@edchoice.org 

The author is responsible for overall polling design; question wording and ordering; this 
paper's analysis, charts, and writing; and any unintentional errors or misrepresentations. 



Survey Demographics 



Percent (%) of State Sample 



K-12 Parent 27 

Democrat 33 

Republican 25 

Independent 32 

Urban 22 

Suburban 21 

Small Town 39 

Rural 17 

18 to 24 9 

25 to 34 15 

35 to 44 17 

45 to 54 17 

55 to 64 20 

65 & Over 22 

Hispanic 2 

Not Hispanic 97 



Asian 1 

Black 2 

Mixed Race 1 

Native American 1 

White 94 

Catholic 22 

Jewish 

Mormon 1 

Muslim 

Protestant 49 

Other 2 

None 21 

Under $20,000 9 

$20,000 to $39,999 22 

$40,000 to $59,999 21 

$60,000 to $79,999 12 

$80,000 to $99,999 12 

$100,000 to $149,999 8 

$150,000 or more 5 

Male 48 

Female 52 



October 8, 2013 

TABLE OF CONTENTS 



Page 

5 Iowa's K-12 Profile 

7 Overview 

8 Key Findings 

18 Survey Snapshots 

40 Methods Summary 

40 Sample Design 

41 Contact Procedures 

42 Call Dispositions and Response Rates 

43 Weighting Procedures and Analysis 

44 About Us, Acknowledgements 
48 Survey Questions and Results 



Iowa's K-12 Profile 



Average State Rank on NAEP 1 23 

High School Graduation Rate 2 87.9% 

# Regular Public School Students 3 495,477 

# Charter School Students 3 298 

# Private School Students 5 37,223 

% Regular Public School Students 6 93.0% 

% Charter School Students 6 0.1% 

% Private School Students 6 7.0% 

# School Districts 3 359 

# Regular Public Schools 3 1,480 

# Charter Schools 4 3 

# Private Schools 5 213 

Online Learning Climate 7 Weak 

% Free and Reduced-Price Lunch 3 38.9% 
% Individualized Education Program (IEP) 3 13.8% 

% English Language Learners (ELL) 3 4.4% 

$ Revenue Per Student 8 $11,913 

$ "Total" Per Student Spending 8 $11,818 

$ "Current" Per Student Spending 8 $9,795 

$ "Instructional" Per Student Spending 8 $6,040 



5 | www.edchoice.org 



Iowa Profile Notes 



1. U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education 
Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP). Average of four rankings 
(rounded upward to nearest single digit) based on 2011 state scale scores for fourth-grade 
reading (#23); fourth-grade math (#19); eighth-grade reading (#28); eighth-grade math (#23). 

URL: nationsreportcard.gov/data_tools.asp 

2. Reported high school graduation rates, determined by the Averaged Freshman Graduation Rate 
(AFGR) on the National Center for Education Statistics section on the U.S. Department of 
Education website. Data for 2009-2010 school year. 

URL: nces.ed.gov/pubs2013/2013309/tables/table_01 .asp 

3. U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education 
Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD). Data for the 2010-2011 school year. 

URL: nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/states 

4. National Alliance for Public Charter Schools. Data for the 2012-2013 school year. 

URL: dashboard.publiccharters.org/dashboard/schools/page/overview/state/IA/year/2013 

5. U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Private School Universe 
Survey (PSS). Data for 2009-2010 school year. This count excludes schools with less than 5 students. 

URL: nces.ed.gov/surveys/pss/privateschoolsearch 

6. Percentages are meant for general impressions only. Due to rounding, percentage totals may be 
slightly greater or less than 100%. 

7. Author rating (Weak, Moderate, or Strong), based on John Watson, Amy Murin, Lauren Vashaw, 
Butch Gemin, and Chris Rapp, Keeping Pace with K-12 Online Learning: An Annual Review of State- 
Level Policy and Practice, (Evergreen Education Group, 2012), Table 1, p. 15. 

URL: kpkl2.com/cms/wp-content/uploads/KeepingPace2012.pdf 

8. Stephen Q. Cornman, Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 
2010-11 (Fiscal Year 2011) (NCES 2013-305). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, D.C.: National 
Center for Education Statistics (July 2013). 

URL: nces.ed.gov/pubs2013/2013342.pdf 



6 | www.edchoice.org 



Overview 



The "Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey" project, commissioned by the Friedman 
Foundation for Educational Choice and conducted by Braun Research, Inc. (BRI), 
measures Iowa registered voters' familiarity and views on a range of K-12 education 
topics and school choice reforms. We report response levels and differences of voter 
opinion, as well as the intensity of those responses. 

Where do Iowans stand on important issues and policy proposals in K-12 education? We 
try to provide some brief observations and insights in this paper. 

A randomly selected and statistically representative sample of Iowa voters responded 
to 17 substantive questions and 12 demographic questions. A total of 605 telephone 
interviews were conducted in English from June 24 to July 2, 2013, by means of both 
landline and cell phone. Statistical results have been weighted to correct for known 
demographic discrepancies. The margin of sampling error for the statewide sample is 
± 4.0 percentage points. 

In this project we also included one split-sample experiment. A split-sample design is a 
systematic way of comparing the effects of two or more alternative wordings for a given 
question. In this case, the purpose was to see if providing a new piece of information about 
education spending can significantly influence opinion on the topic — a salient issue in 
Iowa's state politics and representing an undercurrent in education policy discussions. 

Our polling paper has four sections. The first section summarizes key findings. We call 
the second section "Survey Snapshots," which offers charts highlighting the core 
findings of the project. The third section describes the survey's methodology, 
summarizes response statistics, and presents additional technical information on call 
dispositions for landline and cell phone interviews. The fourth section displays the 
survey questions and results ("topline numbers"), allowing the reader to follow the 
interview as it was conducted, with respect to question wording and ordering. 



7 I www.edchoice.org 



Key Findings 

► Education is the second most important issue facing the state of Iowa, 
according to registered voters. Nearly one out of five Iowans (19%) 
said this was the most critical public policy issue. Health care was 
close behind as a priority (17%). To no major surprise, the economy 
and jobs was cited as the top issue by 27% of voters. 

See Question 1 

The three topics - economy /jobs, education, health care - are reflected as major 
priorities across all demographics. Some statistically significant differences 
emerge when comparing within demographic categories. For example, 
Democrats (27%) are more likely to say health care is the most important issue, 
compared to Republicans (13%) and Independents (15%). Education is a 
relatively higher priority for Democrats (24%) and Independents (22%) than it is 
for Republicans (11%). More than one-third of middle-age Iowans (37%) say the 
economy and jobs is critical for the state, which is significantly higher than 
among young voters (18%) and older voters (23%).! 

► More than three out of four voters in Iowa (77%) are paying attention 
to issues in K-12 education. Roughly one-quarter of voters (23%) said 
they pay "very little" or no attention. 

See Question 2 

Voters who said they pay "a lot" of attention (40%) to K-12 education issues 
outnumber those who said they pay no attention (6%) by nearly seven to one. 



1 For terminology in this paper, "young voters" reflect respondents who are ages 18 to 34; "middle-age 
voters" are 35 to 54; and "older voters" are 55 and older. 



8 | www.edchoice.org 



Parents of school-age children are clearly engaged. 2 About six out of 10 school 
parents (62%) in the survey said they pay "a lot" of attention to educational 
issues, a figure that is nearly twice as large as the proportion of non-schoolers 
(33%) giving the same response. 

Urbanites (28%) are significantly less likely to pay close attention to these issues 
compared to voters in the suburbs (43%), small towns (43%), or rural areas 
(46%). Another contrast emerges when comparing political party identification. 
Democrats (46%) are more likely to be attuned to K-12 education issues than 
Republicans (32%). 

► Iowans are slightly more likely to think that K-12 education has gotten 
off on the "wrong track" (46%), compared to the two-fifths of voters 
(40%) who say it is heading in the "right direction." 

See Question 3 

More than half of the voters (52%) who live in the Eastern Iowa/Cedar Rapids 
region have a negative view on the direction of K-12 education in Iowa, the 
highest number among the observed demographic groups in this poll. 

► Nearly two out of three respondents give positive ratings to the 
state's public school system (65% said "good" or "excellent"; 34% 
said "fair" or "poor"). 

See Question 4 

Voters in Central Iowa (69%) view the public school system more favorably than 
people living in Eastern Iowa (60%). Rural voters (55%) are relatively less 
supportive than suburbanites (68%) and small-town voters (67%). 



2 For this paper, we use the label "school parents" to refer to those respondents who said they have one or 
more children in preschool through high school. We use the label "non-schoolers" for respondents without 
children, or who may have children that are not in the specific grade range PK-12. 



9 I www.edchoice.org 



Democrats' responses - clearly more positive in their views - are significantly 
different than Republicans. Seven out of 10 Democrats (71%) gave positive 
ratings to the state's system for public schools, greater than the proportion of 
Republicans (58%) and Independents (63%) saying the same. Self-described 
political moderates (73%) were more positive than liberals (59%) and 
conservatives (60%). 

► Based on open-end survey responses, Iowa voters do not know how 
much is spent per student in the public schools. There is very low 
awareness about public spending on K-12 education. 

See Question 5 

On average, $9,800 is spent on each student in Iowa's public schools, and only 
11% of respondents could estimate the correct per-student spending range for the 
state (this dollar figure reflects "current expenditures" per student). About 46% of 
respondents thought that $8,000 or less is being spent per student in the state's 
public schools. Another 34% of voters said they "don't know" and did not offer a 
spending number. 

When considering "total expenditures" per student ($11,818 in 2010-11), which is 
another definition for educational spending, voter estimates appear even more 
dramatically off-target.3 

Eight out of 10 survey respondents (80%) either underestimated educational 
spending per student (for either definition), or they could not give an answer or 



3 "Current Expenditures" data include dollars spent on instruction, instruction-related support services, 
and other elementary/secondary current expenditures, but exclude expenditures on long-term debt service, 
facilities and construction, and other programs. "Total Expenditures" includes the latter categories. 

See Stephen Q. Cornman, Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: 
School Year 2010-11 (Fiscal Year 2011) (NCES 2013-305). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, 
D.C.: National Center for Education Statistics (July 2013). 

URL: nces.ed.gov/pubs2013/2013342.pdf 



10 | www.edchoice.org 



guess. No matter how one defines expenditures (per student), it is clear voters are 
uninformed about how money is spent on K-12 education. 

► When given the latest per-student spending information, voters are 
significantly less likely to say public school funding is at a level that is 
"too low," compared to answering without having such information. 

See Questions 6A and 6B 

In an experiment, we asked two slightly different questions about the level of 
public school funding in Iowa. On version 6A, 45% of voters said that public school 
funding is "too low." However, on version 6B, which included a sentence referring 
to data on per-student funding in Iowa ($9,807), the proportion of voters saying 
"too low" shrank by 11 percentage points to 34%, effectively a 24% reduction. 

It seems that voters are likely to change their views on public school funding — at 
least for those who believe it is "too low" — if given accurate per-student spending 
information. This implication that opinion can turn on a single piece of data is 
important when considering political sound bites that focus on aggregate levels of 
public spending rather than how the money is allocated and spent per student. 

► Nearly equal proportions of Iowa voters give grades A or B to local 
public schools and private/parochial schools in their communities. 
However, when considering only those respondents who actually 
stated a grade, the local private schools (to which 79% give an A or B) 
fare even better than public schools (to which 60% give an A or B). 

See Questions yA, yB, and yC 

Approximately 58% of voters give an A or B to local public schools, while 58% 
give an A or B to local private/parochial schools. Only 3% of voters give a D or F 
grade to private schools, and 9% gave the same low grades to public schools. It 
should be noted that much higher proportions of voters did not express a view for 



11 I www.edchoice.org 



private schools (26%) or charter schools (52%), compared to the proportion that 
did not grade public schools (3%). Exposure and awareness is low among Iowans. 
The state had only a few operating charters as of 2012-13. 

► When asked for a preferred school type, 49% of Iowans would choose 
a public school first. A private school option is the second most 
frequently cited preference (38%). Equal proportions of voters would 
prefer to send their child to a charter school (5%) or homeschool 
(5%). There is a disconnect between voters' school preferences and 
actual enrollment patterns in the state. Voters show a diverse range 
of schooling preferences. 

See Questions 8 and 9 

Approximately 7% of Iowa's K-12 student population attend private schools, but 
in our survey interviews, 38% of respondents would select a private school as a 
first option. About 93% of the state's students attend regular public schools, but a 
much lower percentage of the state's voters (49%) would choose a regular public 
school as a first choice. Only several hundred students in Iowa have the 
opportunity to attend a public charter school, but in our survey about 5% of 
respondents said that they would like to send their child to a charter school. 
Another 5% said he/she would opt to homeschool their child. 

In a follow-up question, respondents in our survey prioritize "better 
education/quality" (12%) as the key attribute they are looking for in the selection 
of their preferred school. The second school attribute cited most was 
"socialization/peers/other students" (10%). Some caution is warranted when 
analyzing this item in the questionnaire. These characteristics appear to be a 
higher priority over others on the list. However, any of these qualities may or may 
not attract more urgency as a second or third priority, which we do not explore in 
this survey. 



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► Iowa voters are twice as likely to favor charter schools (50%), rather 
than oppose such schools (25%). The net support for charter schools 
is large (+25 percentage points). We estimate approximately 53% of 
voters are not familiar with charter schools. 

See Questions 10 and 11 

We asked a pair of questions about charter schools. The initial question asked for an 
opinion without offering any definition. On this baseline question, 27% of voters said 
they favored charters and 20% said they opposed them. In the follow-up question, 
respondents were given a definition for a charter school. With this basic definition, 
support rose 23 points to 50%, and opposition increased five points to 25%. 

Considering the definition question, Iowa registered large positive margin of support 
(+25 points) favoring charter schools. The intensity is in the positive direction (+5 
points). Voters are more likely to say they "strongly favor" charter schools (16%) 
compared to those who said they "strongly oppose" (11%) such schools. 

A detectable contrast is evident among political parties. Republicans (69%) are 
much more supportive of charter schools than Democrats (40%). About half of 
Independents (51%) say they favor charters. More than one-third of Democrats 
(35%) are opposed to charter schools, which is substantially more than the 
Republicans (17%) and Independents (26%) who say the share that negative view. 

The most intense support for charter schools is found among Republicans (+24 
points) and conservatives (+19 points. There is a mild negative intensity among 
Democrats (-8 points). 

Approximately 53% of voters did not express an opinion about charter schools on 
the baseline question. 

► A majority of Iowans (54%) said they support school vouchers, 
compared to 38% of voters who said they oppose such a school choice 



13 I www.edchoice.org 



system. The margin of support (+16 points) is almost four times the 
survey's margin of error. 

See Questions 12 and 13 

The interview sequence asking about school vouchers mirrored the approach 
taken for charter schools. In the first question, respondents were asked for their 
views on vouchers without offering any definition or other context. On this 
baseline question, 30% of Iowans said they favored vouchers and 27% said they 
opposed the policy. In the follow-up question, respondents were given a straight- 
forward definition for a school voucher system, with voter support rising 24 
points to 54%, and opposition increasing 11 points to 38%. 

The positive differential increases five-fold when considering the response 
changes moving from the baseline to definition question for vouchers (baseline = 
+3 points; definition = +16 points). Among voters, the positive intensity for 
vouchers (+5 points) is in the positive direction like it is for charter schools. 

The proportion of "don't know" responses shrinks by 34 points (43% to 9%) 
when comparing the baseline item to the definition item. 

The demographic groups most likely to favor school vouchers are school parents 
(66%), those living in rural areas (61%), Republicans (73%), conservatives (70%), 
young voters (60%), middle-age voters (62%), and low-income earners (59%). 
The groups that are least likely to support vouchers are Democrats (41%), 
political moderates (39%), and older voters (44%). 4 

The groups that stand out on vouchers reflect those having the highest margins 
of support, including school parents (+37 points), rural residents (+32 points), 



4 For this paper, "low-income" refers to respondents with annual household incomes less than $40,000; 
"middle-income" refers to respondents with annual household incomes at least equal to $40,000 but less 
than $80,000; "high-income" refers to respondents with annual household incomes at least equal to or 
greater than $80,000. 



14 | www.edchoice.org 



Republicans (+50 points), political conservatives (+45 points), young voters 
(+32 points), middle-age voters (+31 points), low-income earners (+25 points), 
Catholics (+25 points), and those not religiously affiliated (+24 points). In 
relative contrast, the smallest margins are among non-schoolers (+8 points), 
suburbanites (+1 point), and political liberals (+1 point). Democrats (-13 points) 
and political moderates (-12 points) are most negative on vouchers. 

The intensity for vouchers varies quite a bit across demographic groups. Most 
intensely supportive are school parents (+23 points), Republicans (+35 points), 
conservatives (+29 points), young voters (+17 points), and Catholics (+17 
points). Those groups most intensely negative are Democrats (-15 points), 
liberals (-10 points), and moderates (-15 points). 

► Iowa voters are more likely to support an "education savings account" 
system (ESA) rather than oppose it. The percentage of those who 
favor ESAs (48%) is significantly greater than the proportion who say 
they oppose this type of public policy (38%). 

See Question 14 

The demographic groups most likely to favor ESAs are school parents (58%), 
Republicans (55%), conservatives (54%), young voters (60%), middle-age voters 
(56%), and those not religiously affiliated (62%). The groups that are least likely 
to support ESAs are political moderates (41%) and older voters (37%). 

The groups having the highest margins of support for ESAs include school 
parents (+30 points), Eastern Iowans (+16 points), Republicans (+27 points), 
liberals (+15 points), young voters (+32 points), middle-age voters (+26 points), 
Catholics (+17 points), and those not religiously affiliated (+35 points). In relative 
contrast, the smallest margins are among non-schoolers (+3 points), rural 
residents (+4 points), and Democrats (+1 point). Older voters (-13 points) are 
most negative on ESAs. 



15 I www.edchoice.org 



Like school vouchers, the intensity for ESAs varies across demographic groups. 
Most intensely supportive are school parents (+10 points), Republicans (+7 
points), Catholics (+7 points), and those not religiously affiliated (+11 points). 
Those groups most intensely negative are non-schoolers (-9 points), suburbanites 
(-11 points), Democrats (-10 points), liberals (-7 points), moderates (-8 points), 
older voters (-19 points), and protestants (-13 points). 

Fourteen percent of respondents did not express an opinion about ESAs. 

► Voters clearly prefer universal access to education savings accounts, 
compared to eligibility that is based solely on financial need. 

See Questions 15 and 16 

Nearly six out of 10 voters (57%) said they agree with the statement that "ESAs 
should be available to all families, regardless of incomes and special needs." 
Nearly one-third of respondents (32%) "strongly agree" with this statement. About 
one-third (34%) disagree with this statement; 21% said they "strongly disagree." 

Approximately 33% of Iowa voters said they agree with the statement that "ESAs 
should only be available to families based on financial need." Fifteen percent of 
respondents "strongly agree" with this statement. A solid majority (59%) said 
they disagree with means-testing ESAs, and 36% said they "strongly disagree." 

► By a two-to-one margin, voters support the school choice policy 
financing "tax-credit scholarships." The percentage of those who favor 
(58%) is twice as large as the number of people who say they oppose such 
a school choice reform (29%). The margin of support is very large, 
roughly +29 percentage points. Likewise, voters are more likely to be 
intensely favorable toward tax-credit scholarships (+9 points). 

See Question 17 



16 I www.edchoice.org 



Groups most likely to favor tax-credit scholarships are school parents (66%), 
Republicans (74%), conservatives (67%), young voters (60%), middle-age voters 
(72%), high-income earners (69%), and Catholics (67%). Older voters (46%) are 
the least likely to support tax-credit scholarships in Iowa. 

The groups having the highest margins of support for tax-credit scholarships 
include school parents (+40 points), Eastern Iowans (+34 points), urbanites (+32 
points) and rural residents (+31 points), Republicans (+57 points), conservatives 
(+42 points), young voters (+36 points), middle-age voters (+53 points), high- 
income earners (+43 points), and Catholics (+48 points). By contrast, older 
voters (+5 points) demonstrate the smallest margin of favorability. 

Most intensely supportive of tax-credit scholarships are school parents (+20 
points), Republicans (+34 points), conservatives (+25 points), middle-age voters 
(+26 points), high-income earners (+20 points), and Catholics (+22 points). 
Older voters (-8 points) are most intensely negative on this public policy. 

Thirteen percent of respondents did not express an opinion. 



17 I www.edchoice.org 



Survey Snapshots 



18 | www.edchoice.org 



Ql. Which of the following do you see as the most important issue facing the state... ? 



27 



19 



(% of all responses) 



17 



8 



I 



I 



i i / # / / / / / 



FRIEDMAN FOUNDATION FOR EDUCATIONAL CHOICE, Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey, Ql. 



19 | www.edchoice.org 



Q2. How much attention do you pay to issues 
involving K-12 education? 



Very Little/None ■ Some/A Lot 



IOWA 



Eastern/Cedar Rapids 



Central/Des Moines 




i 



FRIEDMAN FOUNDATION FOR EDUCATIONAL CHOICE, Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey, 02. 



20 | www.edchoice.org 



Q3. Do you feel things in Iowa's K-12 
education system are generally going in the 
right direction, or do you feel things have 
generally gotten off on the wrong track? 




■ Wrong Track ■ Right Direction 






IOWA 46 




1 40 






Eastern/Cedar Rapids 52 1 


1 34 








Centra l/Des Moines 43 




1 44 


FRIEDMAN FOUNDATION FOR EDUCATIONAL CHOICE, Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey, Q3. 



21 | www.edchoice.org 



Q3. Do you feel things in Iowa's K-12 education system are generally going 


in the right direction, or do you feel things have generally gotten off on the 


wrong track? 












Right Direction 


Wrong Track 


Diff 






% 


% 




N= 


ALL RESPONDENTS 


40 


46 


- 6 


605 


School Parent 


44 


48 


-4 


127 


Non-Schooler 


39 


45 


-6 


474 


LUIVlMUNl 1 Y 










Urban 


39 


48 


-9 


131 


Suburban 


45 


40 


+ 5 


134 


Small Town 


36 


47 


- 11 


227 


Rural 


41 


48 


-7 


103 


PARTY ID 










Democrat 


40 


45 


-5 


205 


Republican 


42 


46 


-4 


145 


Independent 


39 


46 


-7 


201 


IDEOLOGY 










Liberal 


34 


50 


-16 


117 


Conservative 


40 


50 


- 10 


223 


Moderate 


43 


37 


+ 6 


215 


AGE GROUP 










18 to 34 


45 


43 


+ 2 


84 


35 to 54 


36 


48 


- 12 


162 


55 & Over 


40 


45 


-5 


332 


HOUSEHOLD INCOME 










Under $40,000 


44 


41 


+ 3 


184 


$40,000 to $79,999 


38 


49 


- 11 


189 


$80,000 & Over 


40 


47 


-7 


141 


RELIGION 










Catholic 


40 


48 


-8 


140 


Protestant 


41 


44 


-3 


321 


None 


33 


49 


-16 


90 



NOTE: Please consider that each subgroup has a unique margin of error based on its adult population size in the 
United States and the sample size (N) obtained in this survey. We advise strong caution when interpreting results 
for subgroups with small sample sizes. The subgroup sample sizes displayed in the far right column represent the 
unweighted number of interviews. All other statistical results reported in this table and report reflect weighted 
data, a standard procedure to correct for known demographic discrepancies. 



SOURCE: Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice, Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey, Q3. 



22 | www.edchoice.org 



Q4. How would you rate Iowa's public 
school system? 



Fair/Poor ■ Good/Excellent 



IOWA 



Eastern/Cedar Rapids 



Central/Des Moines 




FRIEDMAN FOUNDATION FOR EDUCATIONAL CHOICE, Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey, Q4. 



23 | www.edchoice.org 



Q4. How would you rate Iowa's public school system? 




fZnr\ r\ / F v#~o 1 1 on t 1 
UUUU/ LAtcllclll 


Fair / Dnnr 
rail / rUUI 


niff 

L/l 1 1 


Into n citw 
III Lcrllbl Ly 






0/ 

/o 


0/ 

/o 






N- 
i v — 


All RF^PONDFNT^ 

nLL r\tJr UIMUtlM 1 J 


UJ 


OH 


+ 31 




fin 1 ; 

DU3 


School Parent 


65 


34 


+ 31 


+ 11 


127 


Mnri-^rhnnlor 

IMUII OLIIULfltrl 


fiA 

OH- 


33 


+ 74 


+ 7 
x / 


A7A 


COMMUNITY 












Urban 


63 


35 


+ 28 


even 


131 


Suburban 


68 


31 


+ 37 


+ 7 


134 


J> 1 1 Id 1 1 I U Vvl I 


fi7 


3Z. 


+ 3R 

X 33 


+ 15 

X -L £- 


777 


R 1 1 ra 1 


cc 


AA 




+ 8 
X o 


1 n3 

luj 


PARTY ID 












Democrat 


71 


28 


+ 43 


+ 9 


205 


R pni i h 1 i ra r> 
r\ tr [J U U 1 1 L-d 1 1 


JO 




+ 18 

X J.O 


+ in 

X xu 


1 AR 


II IUcUcI IUCI 1 L 


fi3 


3 / 


+ 5fi 


+ fi 

X o 


7m 


IDEOLOGY 












Liberal 


59 


41 


+ 18 


+ 2 


117 


L.UI 1 be I V d LI V tr 


fin 


3R 

JO 




+ 8 

X O 


773 

Z.Z.3 


IVI UU tri d Ltr 


73 
/ j 


7fi 


+ 


+ 4 

X 3 


71 


AGE GROUP 












18 to 34 


59 


40 


+ 19 


+ 8 


84 


3^ tn 


fi3 


3fi 

3D 


+ 57 

X Z / 


+ in 

X J_U 


1 fi7 


jj ex. uvtri 


fiQ 


3\J 


+ 34 


+ fi 

X o 


337 

33Z. 


HOUSEHOLD INCOME 












Under $40,000 


66 


34 


+ 32 


+ 9 


184 


$40,000 to $79,999 


64 


34 


+ 30 


+ 7 


189 


$80,000 & Over 


63 


36 


+ 27 


+ 7 


141 


RELIGION 












Catholic 


67 


31 


+ 36 


+ 10 


140 


Protestant 


66 


33 


+ 33 


+ 10 


321 


None 


57 


42 


+ 15 


+ 2 


90 



NOTE: Please consider that each subgroup has a unique margin of error based on its adult population size in the 
United States and the sample size (N) obtained in this survey. We advise strong caution when interpreting results 
for subgroups with small sample sizes. The subgroup sample sizes displayed in the far right column represent the 
unweighted number of interviews. All other statistical results reported in this table and report reflect weighted 
data, a standard procedure to correct for known demographic discrepancies. Based on Gallup's "Positive Intensity 
Score," Intensity is measured by subtracting the combined percentages of "fair" and "poor" responses from the 
combined percentages of "good" and "excellent" responses. The difference indicates the enthusiasm behind the 
positive or negative ratings. 

SOURCE: Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice, Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey , Q4. 



24 | www.edchoice.org 



05. Howmuchdoyou,hinki S spen,per V earon " LeSS Tha " S4 ' 000 

each student in Iowa's public schools? Your ■ $4,001 - $8,000 

estimate (to the nearest thousand dollars) will £g qq^ _ £^ 000 

represent the combined expenditures of local, ' ' 

state, and federal governments. $12,001 - $16,000 

Over $16,000 



IOWA 



Eastern/Cedar Rapids 



Central/Des Moines 




FRIEDMAN FOUNDATION FOR EDUCATIONAL CHOICE, Iowa K-12& School Choice Survey, Q5. 



25 | www.edchoice.org 



Q6-Split A. Do you believe that public school funding 
in Iowa is at a level that is: 

Q6-Split B. According to the most recent information 
available, in Iowa $9,807 is being spent each year per 
student attending public schools. Do you believe that 
public school funding in Iowa is at a level that is: 



Too High 
About Right 
Too Low 



Q6A (Without 
Information) 




Q6B (With 
Information) 




FRIEDMAN FOUNDATION FOR EDUCATIONAL CHOICE, Iowa K-12& School Choke Survey, Q6A and 06 B. 



26 | www.edchoice.org 



Q7. In thinking about the schools in your area, 
what grade would you give... 



B 



NA/DK 



(% of all responses) 



Regular Public 
Schools 




49 




Charter Schools 















5 


21 


16 


3 


■ 


52 



Private Schools 




41 



13 




FRIEDMAN FOUNDATION FOR EDUCATIONAL CHOICE, Iowa K-12& School Choice Survey, Q7. 



27 | www.edchoice.org 



07 . In thinking about the schools in your area, 

what grade would you give... MA B 



(% of only responses giving grades) 



Regular Public 
Schools 




31 



I 













Charter Schools 


11 


43 


34 


D 



Private Schools 




56 



17 3ll 



FRIEDMAN FOUNDATION FOR EDUCATIONAL CHOICE, Iowa K-U&School Choice Survey, Q7. 



28 | www.edchoice.org 



Q8. If it were your decision and you could ■ Regular Public School 

select any type of school, what type of school 

would you select in order to obtain the best ' Charter School 

education for your child? 

Private School 
■ Homeschool 



93 



% Of All Responses 



Actual Enrollments 



FRIEDMAN FOUNDATION FOR EDUCATIONAL CHOICE, Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey, Q8. 



29 | www.edchoice.org 



Q8. If it were your decision and you could select any type of school, what type of school 


would you select in order to obtain the best education for your child? 








Charter School 


Homeschool 


Private School Public School 






% 


% 


% 


% 


N= 


ALL RESPONDENTS 


5 


5 


38 


49 


605 


School Parent 


5 


4 


46 


44 


127 


Non-Schooler 


5 


6 


35 


52 


474 


COMMUNITY 












Urban 


A 
H- 




41 


43 




Suburban 


8 


4 


37 


48 


134 


Small Town 


4 


3 


36 


57 


227 


Rural 


5 


5 


43 


42 


103 


DADTV in 
rMnl Y IU 












Democrat 


3 


2 


24 


70 


205 


Republican 


8 


5 


54 


30 


145 


Independent 


6 


7 


39 


47 


201 


IULULUU Y 












Liberal 


1 


3 


33 


60 


117 


Conservative 


7 


7 


50 


33 


223 


Moderate 


5 


4 


31 


57 


215 


HUE \3I\UUr 












18 to 34 


4 


6 


37 


52 


84 


35 to 54 


4 


4 


45 


45 


162 


55 & Over 


6 


6 


3/1 




332 


HOUSEHOLD INCOME 

1 1 l/UJLI 1 vLU II ¥ 1 wit— 












Under $40,000 


3 


4 


35 


56 


184 


$40,000 to $79,999 


5 


7 


42 


44 


189 


$80,000 & Over 


4 


5 


43 


44 


141 


RELIGION 












Catholic 


3 


2 


54 


38 


140 


Protestant 


5 


5 


34 


53 


321 


None 


4 


8 


35 


50 


90 



NOTE: Please consider that each subgroup has a unique margin of error based on its adult population size in the United States and the 
sample size (N) obtained in this survey. We advise strong caution when interpreting results for subgroups with small sample sizes. The 
subgroup sample sizes displayed in the far right column represent the unweighted number of interviews. All other statistical results 
reported in this table and report reflect weighted data, a standard procedure to correct for known demographic discrepancies. 



SOURCE: Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice, Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey , Q8. 



30 | www.edchoice.org 



Q9. What is the most important characteristic or attribute that would cause 
you to choose a [INSERT SCHOOL TYPE FROM PREVIOUS QUESTION] for your 
child? Please use one word, or a very short phrase. 

Top 15 | Specific impressions offered by respondents in the statewide 
sample. Numbers represent counts (n), not percentages. 



BETTER EDUCATION / QUALITY 


85 


BETTER TEACHERS / TEACHERS / TEACHING 


63 


SOCIALIZATION / PEERS / OTHER KIDS 


61 


CLASS SIZE / STUDENT-TEACHER RATIO 


45 


1 A 1 11 / 1 1 1 A 1 A ■ ■ ■"" A ITI A 1 / Air A 1 R I r 

INDIVIDUAL ATTENTION / ONE-ON-ONE 


40 


RELIGION / RELIGIOUS REASONS 


34 


DISCIPLINE /STRUCTURE 


33 


DIVERSITY /VARIETY 


31 


ACADEMICS / CURRICULUM 


26 


ENVIRONMENT /CULTURE /COMMUNITY 


26 


MORALS / VALUES / ETHICS 


17 


COST / TUITION / AFFORDABILITY 


16 


SAFETY / LESS DRUGS, VIOLENCE, BULLYING 


16 


ALMA MATER / SOCIAL NETWORK 


15 


RESOURCES /FUNDING 


12 



SOURCE: Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice, Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey , Q9. 



31 | www.edchoice.org 



Q10. Based on what you know, or have heard from 
others... In general, do you favor or oppose "charter 
schools"? 



Oppose 



Favor 



Qll. Charter schools are public schools that have 
more control over their own budget, staff, and 
curriculum, and are exempt from many existing 
public school regulations. With this information, do 
you generally favor or oppose charter schools? 



Baseline (Q10) 



With Definition (Qll) 




FRIEDMAN FOUNDATION FOR EDUCATIONAL CHOICE, Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey, Q10 and Qll. 



32 | www.edchoice.org 



Qll. Charter schools are public schools that have more control over their own 


budget, staff, and curriculum, 


and are exempt from many existing public school 


regulations. In general, do you favor or oppose charter schools? 






Favor Oppose 


Diff 


Intensity 






% 


% 






N= 


ALL RESPONDENTS 


50 


25 


+ 25 


+ 5 


605 


School Parent 


48 


25 


+ 23 


+ 2 


127 


Non-Schooler 


51 


26 


+ 25 


+ 6 


474 


COMMUNITY 












Urban 


54 


30 


+ 24 


+ 2 


131 


Suburban 


51 


27 


+ 24 


+ 2 


134 


Small Town 


48 


23 


+ 25 


+ 8 


227 


D i i 1 
KU i d 1 


50 


21 


+ zy 


+ o 


1 HQ 


PARTY ID 












Democrat 


40 


35 


+ 5 


-8 


205 


Republican 


69 


17 


+ 52 


+ 25 


145 


Independent 


51 


26 


+ Z3 


+ 3 


ZUl 


IDEOLOGY 












Liberal 


46 


32 


+ 14 


-2 


117 


Conservative 


61 


19 


+ 42 


+ 19 


223 


Moderate 


47 


27 


+ zu 


A 
- 1 


"31 £ 
ZlZ) 


AGE GROUP 












18 to 34 


A O 

48 


27 


+ 21 


+ 6 


84 


35 to 54 


55 


17 


+ 38 


+ 9 


162 


55 Ri Over 


47 


31 


+ 16 


+ 1 


332 


HOUSEHOLD INCOME 












Under $40,000 


53 


26 


+ 27 


+ 3 


184 


$40,000 to $79,999 


47 


30 


+ 17 


+ 4 


189 


$80,000 & Over 


56 


22 


+ 34 


+ 10 


141 


RELIGION 












Catholic 


44 


31 


+ 13 


+ 5 


140 


Protestant 


53 


25 


+ 28 


+ 5 


321 


None 


50 


22 


+ 28 


+ 3 


90 



NOTE: Please considerthat each subgroup has a unique margin of error based on its adult population size in the United 
States and the sample size (N) obtained in this survey. We advise strong caution when interpreting results for subgroups 
with small sample sizes. The subgroup sample sizes displayed in the far right column represent the unweighted number 
of interviews. All other statistical results reported in this table and report reflect weighted data, a standard procedure to 
correct for known demographic discrepancies. Based on Gallup's "Positive Intensity Score," Intensity is measured by 
subtracting the percentage of "strongly oppose" responses from the percentage of "strongly favor" responses. The 
difference indicates enthusiasm behind the support or opposition for a given policy or proposal. 

SOURCE: Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice, Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey , Qll. 



33 | www.edchoice.org 



Q12. Based on what you know, or have heard from 
others... In general, do you favor or oppose "school 
vouchers"? 

Q13. A school voucher system allows parents the 
option of sending their child to the school of their 
choice, whetherthat school is public or private, 
including both religious and non-religious schools. If 
this policy were adopted, tax dollars currently 
allocated to a school district would be allocated to 
parents in the form of a "school voucher" to pay partial 
or full tuition for their child's school. In general, do 
you favor or oppose a school voucher system? 



Baseline (Q12) 



With Definition (Q13) 



38 



Oppose 



Favor 











27 






30 



















54 



FRIEDMAN FOUNDATION FOR EDUCATIONAL CHOICE, Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey, Q12 and Q13. 



34 | www.edchoice.org 



Q13. A school voucher system allows parents the option of sending their child to 


the school of their choice, whether that school is public or private, including both 


religious and non-religious schools. If this policy were adopted, tax dollars 




currently allocated to a school district would be allocated to parents in the form 


of a "school voucher" 


to pay partial or full tuition for their child's school. In 




general, do you favor or oppose a school voucher system? 








Favor 


Oppose 


Diff 


Intensity 






% 


% 






N= 


ALL RESPONDENTS 


54 


38 


+ 16 


+ 5 


605 


School Parent 


66 


28 


+ 38 


+ 23 


127 


Non-Schooler 


49 


41 


+ 8 


-2 


474 


COMMUNITY 












Urban 


53 


36 


+ 17 


+ 2 


131 


Suburban 


45 


44 


+ 1 


-3 


134 


Small Town 


56 


38 


+ 18 


+ 10 


227 


Rural 


61 


30 


+ 31 


+ 10 


103 


PARTY ID 












Democrat 


41 


53 


- 12 


- 15 


205 


Republican 


73 


23 


+ 50 


+ 35 


145 


Independent 


56 


36 


+ 20 


+ 1 


201 


IDEOLOGY 












Liberal 


46 


45 


+ 1 


- 10 


117 


Conservative 


70 


25 


+ 45 


+ 29 


223 


Moderate 


39 


51 


- 12 


- 15 


215 


AGE GROUP 












18 to 34 


60 


29 


+ 31 


+ 17 


84 


35 to 54 


62 


31 


+ 31 


+ 12 


162 


55 & Over 


44 


48 


-4 


-7 


332 


HOUSEHOLD INCOME 












Under $40,000 


59 


35 


+ 24 


+ 10 


184 


$40,000 to $79,999 


52 


41 


+ 11 


+ 1 


189 


$80,000 & Over 


55 


38 


+ 17 


+ 4 


141 


RELIGION 












Catholic 


57 


32 


+ 25 


+ 17 


140 


Protestant 


51 


41 


+ 10 


+ 1 


321 


None 


58 


34 


+ 24 


+ 5 


90 



NOTE: Please considerthat each subgroup has a unique margin of error based on its adult population size in the United 
States and the sample size (N) obtained in this survey. We advise strong caution when interpreting results for subgroups 
with small sample sizes. The subgroup sample sizes displayed in the far right column represent the unweighted number 
of interviews. All other statistical results reported in this table and report reflect weighted data, a standard procedure to 
correct for known demographic discrepancies. Based on Gallup's "Positive Intensity Score," Intensity is measured by 
subtracting the percentage of "strongly oppose" responses from the percentage of "strongly favor" responses. The 
difference indicates enthusiasm behind the support or opposition for a given policy or proposal. 

SOURCE: Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice, Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey , Q13. 



35 | www.edchoice.org 



Q14. An "education savings account" - often called an "ESA" - 
allows parents to withdraw their child from a public district or 
charter school, and receive a payment into a government- 
authorized savings account with restricted, but multiple uses. 
Parents can then use these funds to pay for private school 
tuition, virtual education programs, private tutoring or saving 
for future college expenses. In general, do you favor or 
oppose this kind of "savings account system"? 



Oppose 



Favor 




FRIEDMAN FOUNDATION FOR EDUCATIONAL CHOICE, Iowa K-12 & School Choke Survey, Q14. 



36 | www.edchoice.org 



Q14. An "education savings account" 


- often called an "ESA" - allows parents 


to withdraw their child from a public district or charter school, and receive a 


payment into a government-authorized savings account with restricted, but 


multiple uses. Parents can then use these funds to pay for private school 




tuition, virtual education programs, private tutoring or saving for future college 


expenses. In general, do you favor or oppose this kind of ' 


'savings account 




system"? 














Favor 


Oppose 


DlTT 


Intensity 






/o 


/o 






M — 
IN — 


ALL RESPONDENTS 


48 


38 


+ 10 


-3 


605 


School Parent 


CO 

bo 


TO 

2a 


_i_ on 


+ 11 


1Z/ 


Non-Schooler 


44 


42 


+ 2 


- 9 


474 


COMMUNITY 












urban 


bU 


T o 

6o 


+ 1Z 


- 5 


1T1 
Idl 


Suburban 


A O 

48 


TC 

6b 


+ 1Z 


1 1 
- 11 


"\ O A 

1d4 


Small Town 


50 


37 


+ 13 


even 


227 


Rural 


44 


40 


+ 4 


- 1 


103 


PARTY ID 












Democrat 


A C 


A A 

44 


+ 1 


- 1U 


Tnc 
ZUb 


Republican 


bb 


TO 
2H 


+ 1/ 


+ 7 


1 /I c 

14b 


Independent 


48 


41 


+ 7 


-7 


201 


mem nf^v 












Liberal 


52 


37 


+ 15 


- 7 


117 


Conservative 


C A 

b4 


T T 

62 


+ 22 


+ 4 


TTT 


Moderate 


41 


45 


-4 


-8 


215 


AGE GROUP 












18 to 34 


60 


27 


+ 33 


+ 11 


84 


35 to 54 


56 


30 


+ 26 


+ 8 


162 


55 & Over 


37 


50 


- 13 


-19 


332 


HOUSEHOLD INCOME 












Under $40,000 


47 


35 


+ 12 


- 1 


184 


$40,000 to $79,999 


48 


39 


+ 9 


-7 


189 


$80,000 & Over 


50 


39 


+ 11 


+ 3 


141 


RELIGION 












Catholic 


50 


34 


+ 16 


+ 7 


140 


Protestant 


42 


46 


-4 


-13 


321 


None 


62 


28 


+ 34 


+ 11 


90 



NOTE: Please consider that each subgroup has a unique margin of error based on its adult population size in the United 
States and the sample size (N) obtained in this survey. We advise strong caution when interpreting results for 
subgroups with small sample sizes. The subgroup sample sizes displayed in the far right column represent the 
unweighted number of interviews. All other statistical results reported in this table and report reflect weighted data, a 
standard procedure to correct for known demographic discrepancies. Based on Gallup's "Positive Intensity Score," 
Intensity is measured by subtracting the percentage of "strongly oppose" responses from the percentage of "strongly 
favor" responses. The difference indicates enthusiasm behind the support or opposition for a given policy or proposal. 

SOURCE: Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice, Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey , Q14. 



37 | www.edchoice.org 



Q15. Some people believe that education savings 
accounts should be available to all families, regardless 
of incomes and special needs. Do you agree or 
disagree with that statement? 

Q16. Some people believe that education savings 
accounts should only be available to families based on 
financial need. Do you agree or disagree with that 
statement? 



Universal (Q15) 



Means-Testing (Q16) 




i 



FRIEDMAN FOUNDATION FOR EDUCATIONAL CHOICE, Iowa K-12& School Choice Survey, Q15 and Q16. 



■ Disagree ■ Agree 



38 | www.edchoice.org 



Q17. A "tax credit" allows an individual or business to 
reduce the final amount of a tax owed to government. 
Some states give tax credits to individuals and businesses 
if they contribute money to nonprofit organizations that 
distribute private school scholarships. A "tax-credit 
scholarship system" allows parents the option of sending 
their child to the school of their choice, whetherthat 
school is public or private, including both religious and 
non-religious schools. In general, do you favor or oppose a 
tax-credit scholarship system? 



IOWA 



Eastern/Cedar Rapids 



Central/Des Moines 




I 

FRIEDMAN FOUNDATION FOR EDUCATIONAL CHOICE, Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey, Q17. 



■ Oppose ■ Favor 



39 | www.edchoice.org 



Methods Summary 



The "Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey" project, commissioned by the Friedman 
Foundation for Educational Choice and conducted by Braun Research, Inc. (BRI), 
interviewed a statistically representative sample of registered voters in the state of Iowa. 
Methodology included probability sampling and random-digit dial. The statewide 
sample includes a total of 605 telephone interviews completed in English from June 24 
to July 2, 2013, by means of both landline and cell phone. Statistical results were 
weighted to correct known demographic discrepancies. 

The margin of sampling error for the statewide sample is ± 4.0 percentage points. 

BRI's live callers conducted all phone interviews. For this entire project, a total of 7,146 
calls were made in Iowa. Of these calls, 2,701 were unusable phone numbers 
(disconnected, fax, busy, non-residential, or non-answers, etc.); 3,780 were usable 
numbers but eligibility unknown (including refusals and voicemail); 35 cell phone 
numbers were usable but not eligible for this survey; 25 people did not complete the 
survey. The average response rate of the landline interviews was 13.2%. The average 
response rate of the cell phone interviews was 11.7%. 

Details on call dispositions, landline and cell phone response rates, and weighting are 
discussed in the following sections. 

Sample Design 

A combination of landline and cellular random-digit-dial (RDD) samples was used to 
represent registered voters in Iowa who have access to either a landline or cellular 
telephone. Both samples were provided by Survey Sampling International, LLC (SSI) 
according to BRI specifications. 

SSI starts with a database of all listed telephone numbers, updated on a four- to six-week 
rolling basis, 25 percent of the listings at a time. All active blocks— contiguous groups of 100 



40 I www.edchoice.org 



phone numbers for which more than one residential number is listed— are added to this 
database. Blocks and exchanges that include only listed business numbers are excluded. 

Numbers for the landline sample were drawn with equal probabilities from active blocks 
(area code + exchange + two-digit block number) that contained three or more 
residential directory listings. The cellular sample was not list-assisted, but was drawn 
through a systematic sampling from dedicated wireless 100-blocks and shared service 
100-blocks with no directory-listed landline numbers. 

Contact Procedures 

Interviews were conducted from June 24 to July 2, 2013. As many as eight attempts 
were made to contact every sampled telephone number. The sample was released for 
interviewing in replicates, which are representative subsamples of the larger sample. 
Using replicates to control the release of sample ensures that complete call procedures 
are followed for the entire sample. Calls were staggered over times of day and days of 
the week to maximize the chance of making contact with potential respondents. Each 
phone number received at least one daytime call. 

We have noticed over the last several years response rates have been declining for 
consumer polls. Generally, running surveys over a longer period of time will boost these 
response rates. However, lower response rates do not lead to lower reliability of the 
data. For example, polls with a sample size of 1,200 respondents run over a two-day 
period with response rates of 3% or 4% have been acceptable for public release. 

The survey's margin of error is the largest 95% Confidence Interval for any estimated 
proportion based on the total sample— the one around 50%. The overall margin of error 
for this survey is ± 4.0%. This means that in 95 of every 100 samples drawn using the 
same methodology, estimated proportions based on the entire sample will be no more 
than 4.0 percentage points away from their true values in the population. 



41 I www.edchoice.org 



It is critical to note that the margin of sampling error (MSE) is higher when considering 
the number of respondents for a given demographic subgroup. For example, the MSE 
for a subgroup of 150 respondents is ± 8.0 percentage points. 



In addition to sampling error, question wording, ordering, and other practical 
difficulties when conducting surveys may introduce error or bias into the findings of 
public opinion research. 

Call Dispositions and Response Rates 



Iowa Statewide Call Dispositions 



SUMMARY 




Landline 


Cell Phone 




4,481 


2,665 


Total 


4,481 


2,665 


Released 








Unreleased 


3,229 


1,825 


Usable 


1,252 


840 


Unusable 


3,229 


1,542 


Qualified 


72.1% 


68.5% 


Est. Usability 


100.0% 


84.3% 


Est. Eligibility 


13.2% 


11.7% 


Est. Response 



DETAIL 




Landline 


Cell Phone 




967 


818 


uisconnecieo 


11 





Fax 


45 


11 


uover nmeni/ Business 







Non Cell Phone 


2 




Non Landline 


1,025 


829 


Unusable 


747 


34 


No Answer 


66 





Busy 


813 


34 


Usability Unknown 


425 


180 


Complete 


17 


8 


Break-Off 


442 


188 


Usable/Eligible 


958 


628 


Refused 


11 


9 


Language Barrier 


715 


594 


Voice Mail 


438 


301 


Call Back-Retired 


76 


47 


Strong Refusal 


3 





Privacy Manager 


2,201 


1,579 


Usable/Eligible Unknown 






Under 18 






Not Registered in State 




35 


Terminate 





35 


Usable/Ineligible 


13.2% 


11.7% 


Response Rate 



42 | www.edchoice.org 



Weighting Procedures and Analysis 

Weighting is generally used in survey analysis to compensate for sample designs and 
patterns of non-response that might bias results. In this study, the sample demographics 
were balanced to population parameters. Using weighting targets, the sample was 
balanced to reflect the targeted population representation by Age, Gender, Race, Ethnicity, 
and Region. The weighted and unweighted results are available on request. 

All weighting measures are based on 2010 Census Bureau statistics for the state of Iowa. 

Special note: We calculated age distributions from date-of-birth information on file from 
the state's respective registered voter database, as supplied by Aristotle International. 



43 I www.edchoice.org 



About the Author 



Paul DiPerna (paul@edchoice.org) is Research Director for the Friedman Foundation 
for Educational Choice in Indianapolis. He joined the Foundation in September 2006. 
DiPerna's research interests include surveys and polling on K-12 education and school 
choice policies. His other responsibilities include directing and managing all research 
projects commissioned by the Foundation. DiPerna has traveled to 25 states for his 
work, making numerous presentations on survey findings and giving talks discussing 
school choice policies for audiences including public officials, policy professionals, the 
media, academics, and advocates. 

Previously, DiPerna served as the assistant director for the Brown Center on Education 
Policy at the Brookings Institution in Washington, D.C. His six years at Brookings 
included projects evaluating the federal Blue Ribbon Schools Program and analyzing 
student achievement in charter schools. DiPerna was a research analyst for the first five 
issues of the Brown Center Report on American Education (2000-04). He also managed 
and coordinated the activities of the National Working Commission on Choice in K-12 
Education (2001-05). 

A native of Pittsburgh, DiPerna earned an M.A in political science from the University of 
Illinois (2000) and B.A. from the University of Dayton (1996). 

Acknowledgements 

A number of people made significant contributions during the course of this survey 
project. Our friends at Iowa ACE, led by Trish Wilger, have given us invaluable insights 
and context at the local/state level. We would like to thank the team at Braun Research 
who assisted in project development, and for their excellent work in conducting the 
interviews and collecting the data. I appreciate the time and commitments from Paul 
Braun, Cynthia Miller, and Dave Oshman. Finally, we are of course grateful to the 
respondents who generously agreed to participate in our survey interviews. 



44 1 www.edchoice.org 



About the Survey Organization 



Braun Research, Inc. (BRI) 

The Braun Research network of companies, founded in 1995, combined employ 37 full- 
time and more than 267 part-time employees engaged in data collection via telephone, 
and internet for various survey research firms, government and advertising agencies, local 
community organizations, local and national business groups, foundations, universities 
and academic entities, as well as religious organizations. In 18 years, Braun Research has 
conducted more than 8,900 research projects by telephone, internet, and mail worldwide. 

Nationally-known research firms have hired Braun Research, including the Gallup 
Organization, the Pew Research Center, the Eagleton Poll, Mathematica Policy 
Research, and The Washington Post. Braun Research has worked for the New Jersey 
Department of Health and Human Services, as well as other government agencies 
including the United States Departments of the Treasury and Defense, and the Center 
for Disease Control. 

Braun Research is a well-respected firm employing techniques and standards approved by 
various survey research academic organizations and other affiliations including those with 
whom Braun is an active member, including AAPOR (American Association for Public 
Opinion Research), MRA/CMOR (Market Research Association/Council on Marketing and 
Opinion Research), and CASRO (Council on American Survey Research Organizations). 

Braun's services on behalf of other research firms are up to standards required by 
various professional associations where Braun enjoys membership, and in some cases, 
participates actively. Paul Braun is a member of the MRA/CMOR committees on 
response rate improvement and in launching a seal of quality for the industry. Paul 
Braun is recognized as a leader in the field by colleagues who asked him to serve on 
these committees. He has served as President of the New Jersey Chapter of AAPOR. 



45 I www.edchoice.org 



About the Survey Sponsor 



The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice 

The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit and 
nonpartisan organization, solely dedicated to advancing Milton and Rose Friedman's 
vision of school choice for all children. First established as the Milton and Rose D. 
Friedman Foundation in 1996, the Foundation continues to promote school choice as 
the most effective and equitable way to improve the quality of K-12 education in 
America. The Foundation is dedicated to research, education, and outreach on the vital 
issues and implications related to choice and competition in K-12 education. 

Commitment to Methods & Transparency 

The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice is committed to research that adheres 
to high scientific standards, and matters of methodology and transparency are taken 
seriously at all levels of our organization. We are dedicated to providing high-quality 
information in a transparent and efficient manner. 

All individuals have opinions, and many organizations (like our own) have specific 
missions or philosophical orientations. Scientific methods, if used correctly and 
followed closely in well-designed studies, should neutralize these opinions and 
orientations. Research rules and methods minimize bias. We believe rigorous 
procedural rules of science prevent a researcher's motives, and an organization's 
particular orientation, from pre-determining results. If research adheres to proper 
scientific and methodological standards, its findings can be relied upon no matter who 
has conducted it. If rules and methods are neither specified nor followed, then the biases 
of the researcher or an organization may become relevant, because a lack of rigor opens 
the door for those biases to affect the results. 

Our authors take full responsibility for research design, analysis, charts, and any 
unintentional errors or misrepresentations. They welcome any and all questions related 
to methods and findings. 

46 I www.edchoice.org 



About the Survey Release Partner 



Iowa Alliance for Choice in Education (Iowa ACE) 

Iowa Alliance for Choice in Education (Iowa ACE) is the voice for choice in the state of 
Iowa. Iowa ACE is a non-profit, non-partisan organization whose primary goal is to 
empower parents by removing the barriers that keep them from the "best -fit" 
educational options for their children. We envision a state where all children and 
parents are able to access and afford their school of choice, regardless of their income or 
address. Iowa ACE works throughout the year across the state of Iowa to promote the 
many benefits of parental choice in education, and strives to protect and expand school 
choice programs in Iowa. 



47 | www.edchoice.org 



Iowa K-12 & School Choice Survey "Toplines' 



Interview Dates: 
Sample Frame: 
Sample Sizes: 



Margins of Error: 



June 24 to July, 2013 
Registered Voters 
IOWA = 605 

Eastern/Cedar Rapids = 262 
Central/Des Moines = 229 
IOWA = ± 4.0 percentage points 
Eastern/Cedar Rapids = ± 6.1 percentage points 
Central/Des Moines = ± 6.5 percentage points 



Displayed numbers in tables are percentages, unless otherwise noted. 

Due to rounding, percentage totals for a given question may be slightly greater or less than 100%. 



"For this brief interview, if you are completely unsure about your answer or have no feelings for an answer, you 
can say 'I Don't Know.'" [ENTER AS "DK"] 



[CODE GENDER OF RESPONDENT; DO NOT ASK, UNLESS GENDER IS IN QUESTION] 





Male 


Female 


IOWA 


48 


52 



1 . Which of the following do you see as the most important issue facing the state of Iowa right now? 



[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Crime 


Economy 
/ Jobs 


Education 


Environment 


Health 
Care 


Housing 


Immigration 


Values 
Issues 


Taxes 


IOWA 


3 


27 


19 


3 


17 


2 


5 


8 


10 


Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


3 


27 


19 


3 


21 


2 


4 


7 


8 


Central/Des Moines 


4 


26 


19 


3 


14 


2 


5 


8 


14 



2. How much attention do you pay to issues involving K-1 2 education? 
[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





A Lot 


Some 


Very Little 


None 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


40 


36 


17 


6 





Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


39 


37 


17 


7 





Central/Des Moines 


43 


33 


17 


7 






Do you feel things in Iowa's K-12 education system are generally going in the right direction , or do you feel things 
have generally gotten off on the wrong track ? 



[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Right 
Direction 


Wrong 
Track 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


40 


46 


15 


Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


34 


52 


14 


Central/Des Moines 


44 


43 


13 



How would you rate Iowa's public school system? 

[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Excellent 


Good 


Fair 


Poor 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


12 


52 


30 


5 


1 


Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


11 


49 


33 


5 


2 


Central/Des Moines 


12 


57 


26 


5 


< 1 



5. How much do you think is spent per year on each student in Iowa's public schools? Your estimate (to the nearest 
thousand dollars) will represent the combined expenditures of local, state, and federal governments. 

[OPEN-END. BASED ON RESPONSE, SELECT ONE OF THE FOLLOWING CATEGORIES] 



[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE, OFFERING RANGE CATEGORIES. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Less than 
$4,000 


$4,001 - 
$8,000 


$8,001 - 
$12,000 


$12,001 - 
$16,000 


Over 
$16,000 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


19 


28 


11 


4 


5 


34 


Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


20 


30 


11 


3 


4 


31 


Central/Des Moines 


22 


24 


11 


4 


7 


33 



6. (Split A) Do you believe that public school funding in Iowa is at a level that is: 
[ROTATE "TOO HIGH" AND "TOO LOW"] 

[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Too High 


About Right 


Too Low 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


7 


40 


45 


8 


Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


5 


38 


49 


8 


Central/Des Moines 


9 


37 


46 


8 



6. (Split B) According to the most recent information available, in Iowa $9,807 is being spent each year per student 
attending public schools. Do you believe that public school funding in Iowa is at a level that is: 

[ROTATE "TOO HIGH" AND "TOO LOW"] 

[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Too High 


About Right 


Too Low 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


15 


41 


34 


11 


Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


14 


45 


31 


11 


Central/Des Moines 


18 


34 


40 


8 



7. In thinking about the schools in your area, what grade would you give... 
[GRADE OPTIONS: A, B, C, D, or F] 

[ROTATE "REGULAR PUBLIC SCHOOLS," "PRIVATE OR PAROCHIAL SCHOOLS"] 
[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 



IOWA 


A 


B 


C 


D 


F 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


Regular Public Schools 


10 


49 


30 


7 


2 


3 


Charter Schools 


5 


21 


16 


3 


3 


52 


Private Schools 


17 


41 


13 


2 


1 


26 



8. If it were your decision and you could select any type of school, what type of school would you select in order to 
obtain the best education for your child? 



[RANDOMIZE RESPONSES TO AVOID BIAS] 

[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Charter 
School 


Homeschool 


Private 
School 


Regular 
Public 
School 


Virtual 
School 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


5 


5 


38 


49 


< 1 


2 


Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


4 


7 


45 


41 


< 1 


3 


Central/Des Moines 


5 


5 


30 


58 


< 1 


1 



9. What is the most important characteristic or attribute that would cause you to 
choose a [INSERT SCHOOL TYPE FROM PREVIOUS QUESTION] for your 
child? Please use one word, or a very short phrase. 

[OPEN-END. IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 

Top 15 | Specific impressions offered by respondents in the statewide sample. 
Numbers represent counts (n), not percentages. 



IOWA 



BETTER EDUCATION / QUALITY 


85 


BETTER TEACHERS / TEACHERS / TEACHING 


63 


SOCIALIZATION / PEERS / OTHER KIDS 


61 


CLASS SIZE / STUDENT-TEACHER RATIO 


45 


INDIVIDUAL ATTENTION / ONE-ON-ONE 


40 


RELIGION / RELIGIOUS REASONS 


34 


DISCIPLINE / STRUCTURE 


33 


DIVERSITY / VARIETY 


31 


ACADEMICS / CURRICULUM 


26 


ENVIRONMENT / CULTURE / COMMUNITY 


26 


MORALS / VALUES / ETHICS 


17 


COST / TUITION / AFFORDABILITY 


16 


SAFETY / LESS DRUGS, VIOLENCE, BULLYING 


16 


ALMA MATER / SOCIAL NETWORK 


15 


RESOURCES / FUNDING 


12 


OTHER RESPONSES 


87 


DK / NO RESPONSE / REFUSED 


40 



"For the remainder of this interview, if you are completely unsure about your answer or have no feelings for an 
answer, feel free to say 'I Don't Know.'" [ENTER AS "DK"] 



10. Based on what you know, or have heard from others... In general, do you favor or oppose "charter schools"? 

[PROBE:] Would you say strongly or somewhat favor/oppose? 

[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Strongly 


Somewhat 


Somewhat 


Strongly 


DK/Ref 




Favor 


Favor 


Oppose 


Oppose 


(VOL.) 


IOWA 


7 


20 


11 


9 


53 


Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


8 


19 


8 


11 


54 


Central/Des Moines 


7 


22 


13 


8 


50 



1 1 . Charter schools are public schools that have more control over their own budget, staff, and curriculum, and are 
exempt from many existing public school regulations. In general, do you favor or oppose charter schools? 



[PROBE:] Would you say strongly or somewhat favor/oppose? 

[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Strongly 
Favor 


Somewhat 
Favor 


Somewhat 
Oppose 


Strongly 
Oppose 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


16 


34 


15 


11 


25 


Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


18 


35 


13 


11 


23 


Central/Des Moines 


14 


36 


14 


10 


26 



12. Based on what you know, or have heard from others... In general, do you favor or oppose "school vouchers"? 
[PROBE:] Would you say strongly or somewhat favor/oppose? 



[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Strongly 
Favor 


Somewhat 
Favor 


Somewhat 
Oppose 


Strongly 
Oppose 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


15 


16 


12 


15 


43 


Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


15 


17 


13 


12 


43 


Central/Des Moines 


16 


15 


10 


17 


42 



13. A school voucher system allows parents the option of sending their child to the school of their choice, whether that 
school is public or private, including both religious and non-religious schools. If this policy were adopted, tax dollars 
currently allocated to a school district would be allocated to parents in the form of a "school voucher" to pay partial 
or full tuition for their child's school. In general, do you favor or oppose a school voucher system? 

[PROBE:] Would you say strongly or somewhat favor/oppose? 



[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Strongly 
Favor 


Somewhat 
Favor 


Somewhat 
Oppose 


Strongly 
Oppose 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


28 


25 


15 


23 


9 


Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


29 


28 


15 


20 


8 


Central/Des Moines 


28 


22 


15 


29 


7 



14. An "education savings account" - often called an ESA - allows parents to withdraw their child from a public district 
or charter school, and receive a payment into a government-authorized savings account with restricted, but multiple 
uses. Parents can then use these funds to pay for private school tuition, online education programs, private tutoring 
or saving for future college expenses. In general, do you favor or oppose this kind of "savings account system"? 

[PROBE:] Would you say strongly or somewhat favor/oppose? 



[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Strongly 
Favor 


Somewhat 
Favor 


Somewhat 
Oppose 


Strongly 
Oppose 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


21 


28 


14 


24 


14 


Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


21 


31 


15 


22 


12 


Central/Des Moines 


24 


25 


12 


27 


12 



15. Some people believe that ESAs should be available to all families, regardless of incomes and special needs. Do you 
agree or disagree with that statement? 

[PROBE:] Would you say strongly or somewhat agree/disagree? 

[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Strongly 
Agree 


Somewhat 
Agree 


Somewhat 
Disagree 


Strongly 
Disagree 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


32 


26 


14 


21 


8 


Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


32 


28 


13 


18 


9 


Central/Des Moines 


31 


27 


16 


21 


5 



16. Some people believe that ESAs should only be available to families based on financial need. Do you agree or 
disagree with that statement? 

[PROBE:] Would you say strongly or somewhat agree/disagree? 

[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Strongly 
Agree 


Somewhat 
Agree 


Somewhat 
Disagree 


Strongly 
Disagree 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


15 


18 


23 


36 


9 


Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


14 


20 


21 


38 


8 


Central/Des Moines 


17 


14 


28 


35 


7 



1 7. A "tax credit" allows an individual or business to reduce the final amount of a tax owed to government. Some states 
give tax credits to individuals and businesses if they contribute money to nonprofit organizations that distribute private 
school scholarships. A "tax-credit scholarship system" allows parents the option of sending their child to the school of 
their choice, whether that school is public or private, including both religious and non-religious schools. In general, do 
you favor or oppose a tax-credit scholarship system? 

[PROBE:] Would you say strongly or somewhat favor/oppose? 



[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Strongly 
Favor 


Somewhat 
Favor 


Somewhat 
Oppose 


Strongly 
Oppose 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


27 


31 


12 


18 


13 


Eastern/Cedar Rapids 


31 


30 


12 


15 


11 


Central/Des Moines 


26 


32 


11 


20 


11 



"Now the following questions should be pretty quick, and for statistical purposes only...." 



18. Are you currently the parent or guardian of a child who lives with you, and who is in any grade from preschool through 
high school? 

[IF NEEDED: IF CHILD IS CURRENTLY ENROLLED OR ENTERING PRESCHOOL IN THE UPCOMING 
SCHOOL YEAR, ENTER "YES"] 

[IF NEEDED: IF YOUNGEST CHILD JUST GRADUATED IN 2012, ENTER "NO"] 
[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Yes 


No 

< PK 


No 
> HS 


No Children 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


27 


5 


36 


31 


1 



19. Generally speaking, do you usually consider yourself a Republican, a Democrat, an Independent, or something else? 
[Code for Democrat, Republican, Independent, Libertarian, Other, or "DK"] 
[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Democrat 


Republican 


Independent 


Other 


Libertarian 
(VOL.) 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


33 


25 


32 


5 


< 1 


5 



20. How would you describe your views on most political matters? Generally, do you think of yourself as liberal (or 
progressive), moderate, or conservative? [Rotate Liberal and Conservative] 

[Code only for Liberal (or Progressive), Moderate, Conservative, or "DK"] 

[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 



Liberal or 
Progressive 


Moderate 


Conservative 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 20 


33 


39 


8 



21 . How would you best describe where you live? 

[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Urban 


Suburban 


Small Town 


Rural 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


22 


21 


39 


17 


1 



22. Which of the following age categories do you fall in? 

[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





18 to 34 


35 to 54 


55 & Over 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


24 


33 


42 


1 



23. Are you, yourself, of Hispanic or Latino origin, such as Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, or some other 
Spanish background? 



[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 





Hispanic 


Not Hispanic 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 


2 


97 


1 



24. Which of the following best describes your race? 

[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 



American Indian, 
Native American 


Asian, 
Pacific Islander, 
Asian American 


Black, 
African American 


Mixed 
Race 


White 


Other 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 1 


1 


2 


1 


94 


< 1 


1 



25. Which of the following best describes you? 

[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 



Single / Never 
Married 


Single/ With 
Partner 


Married 


Divorced 


Widowed 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 17 


6 


57 


10 


9 


1 



26. What is your religion, if any? [DO NOT READ CATEGORIES] 

[IF GIVEN SPECIFIC PROTESTANT DENOMINATION, SIMPLY CODE PROTESTANT] 



[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 



Catholic 


Jewish Mormon 


Muslim 


Protestant 


Other 


None 


DK/Ref 
(VOL.) 


IOWA 22 


< 1 1 





49 


2 


21 


5 



27. What is the last grade or class that you completed in school? [DO NOT READ CATEGORIES] 
[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 

None (Grades 1-8) 

High School Incomplete (Grades 9-11) 
High school Graduate (Grade 12 or GED Certificate) 
Technical, Trade, or Vocational School (AFTER High School) 
Some College (Associate's Degree, No 4-Yr Degree) 
College Graduate (Bachelor's Degree or Other 4-Yr Degree) 

Post-Graduate Training or Professional Schooling After College (Toward a Master's Degree, Ph.D.; Law, Medical School) 



Grades 


Grades 


HS 


Technical/ 


Some 


College 


Post- 


DK/Ref 


1 to 8 


9 to 11 


Graduate 


Vocational 


College 


Graduate 


Graduate 


(VOL.) 


IOWA 1 


4 


25 


6 


22 


28 


13 


1 



28. Please stop me when I read the category that best describes your current annual household income, before taxes? 
[IF DEPENDS, PROBE ONCE. IF STILL DEPENDS, ENTER AS "DK"] 

Under $40,000 to $80,000 DK/Ref 
$40,000 $79,999 & Over (VOL.) 

IOWA 31 32 24 12 



[PLEASE MAKE THE FOLLOWING TEXT AVAILABLE TO INTERVIEWERS ANYTIME A RESPONDENT ASKS 
ABOUT THE NATURE OF THE SURVEY SPONSOR OR FRIEDMAN FOUNDATION] 

The Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice is an independent, nonprofit, nonpartisan research organization that 
studies attitudes toward K-12 education issues facing the states and the country. The Foundation has no connection to 
the government, political parties, or any campaigns. Reports about its surveys are made available free of charge on their 
website EdChoice dot ORG.