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1. Auflage, Beirut 2004 
©Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung 



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Vorwort 



Fur die Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung hat die Forderung des inter- kulturellen und vor al- 
lem des inter-religiosen Dialogs eine ^entrale Bedeutung. Diesen Dialog ^fdrdem ist seit Ian- 
gem ein Kemanliegen unserer internationalen Zusammenarheit. Hierbei geht es sowohl urn die 
Werte, Grundlagen und Ziele unseres Denkens als auch urn die unterschiedlichen Auffassun- 
gen iiher die aktuellen Frohleme und die Gestaltung unserer gemeinsamen Zukunft. Wir sind 
aber^ugt, dass der Dialog i^ischen den ^ofien Reli^onen und Kulturen unserer Erde Chan- 
cen eroffnet, neue Losungenfur ^ntrale Probleme der Zukunft ^jinden, Er kann und sollte 
deshalb auf unterschiedlichen Gebieten gefuhrt werden: Uber die praktischen Fragen des inter- 
nationalen Zusammenlebens ebenso me iiber wissenschaftliche Themen. Gan^ besonders wich- 
tig erscheint mirjedoch, dass auch uber die mbglichen Gemeinsamkeiten und Unterschiede 
unserer Orientierung an Grundwerten und an der Religion gesprochen mrd Bei einem solchen 
Dialog braucht keine der beiden Seiten ihre eigenen Fositionen auf^ugeben, Aber beide Seiten 
mUssen bereit sein, nicht nur uber die Fositionen der anderen Seite, sondern auch iiber die ei- 
genen emeut und von Grund auf nach^denken. 

Keine der grofien Keligionen unserer Erde sucht die Konfrontation oder will einen 
,,Clash of Civilisations' \ Wohl aber sind Gerechtigkeit, Freiheit und die Achtung der 
Menschenwiirde Grundwerte, die sich - in der einen oder anderen Ausformulierung - in alien 
gropen Religionen ftnden lassen. Aber auch Tolerant^^ die Bereitschaft, offen und unvoreinge- 
nommen auf Andersgldubige ^^ugehen, some das BemUhen, rational ^u verstehen und ^u 
erkldren, was andere Menschen bindet, - all dies sind Werte, die bis heute die Gldubigen 
unterschiedlicher Keligionen verbinden. 

Vermutlich hdtten auch Theodor Noldeke und seine Nachfolger diesen JJ berlegungen 
^ugestimmt. Fur ihn bildete der Islam eine Quelle der Erkenntnis: primdr der Erkenntnis 
der religiosen Herkunft des anderen, aber damit immer ^gleich auch der eigenen. Noldeke 
hatjahr^hnte seines wissenschaftlichen Ijebens darin investiert, den Koran umfassend ^ ver- 
stehen. Dabei stellten wissenschaftliche Aufkldrung und Keligion fUr ihn keine Gegensdt^e 
dar Er betrachtete Vielfalt nicht als Bedrohung, sondern als intellektuelle Herausforderung. 

VIT 



Er hat in seinem Werk, der „Geschkhte des Qorans*\ g^Z^W' ^^^ ^^^ Religion ein kgitimer 
Gegenstand der Wissenschaft sein kann und dass lett^tlich heide, die Religion und die Wis- 
senschafi, aufihre Art da^u beitragen, sich sowohl der Verantwortung des Eins^elnen als auch 
des Staates bewusst ^ werden. Der rationale Dialog, der hieriiher gefuhrt werden muss, dient 
let^lich auch da:^u, sich der eigenen Gren^n hewusst ^ werden und diese ^ akt^eptieren. 

In dieser Hinsicht ist das vorliegende Werk eines der herausragenden Beispiele deutsch- 
arahischer Wissenschaftskooperation. FiirNoldeke und seine Nachfolger gingen ihre 
Verpflichtung gegenuher der Wissenschaft und ihre Verhundenheit mit der arabischen Welt 
bruchlos ineinander Uber Sie wollten nicht belehren, sondern sich belehren lassen. Seine 
Auseinanderset^ng mit den Grundlagen des Islam diente einer Form der Verstdndigung, die 
von Kespekt und Toleran^getragen war, die aber let^lich nicht auf X^ereinheitlichung ^ielte, 
sondern an den Unterschieden keinen Zweifel Hep. Mit der Publikation der H berset:(ung 
seines gro^en Werkes verbinden wir den Wunsch, die guten Traditionen des deutsch-arabischen 
Wissenschaftsaustauschesfort^set^n und einen Beitrag ^ leisten :(um besseren Verstdndnis 
^ischen Muslimen und Christen, Wir verbinden damit nicht ^let:^ die Hoffnung, die vielen 
Dialoge, die im 21, jahrhundert noch notig sein werden, ein klein wenig befdrdert ^ haben. 

Berlin, im Oktober 2004, 
Prof. Dr Bernhard Vogel, 
Vorsit^^ender der KonradAdenauer-Stiftung 



VIII 



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jl^L c \A"l* (*Lp oj.U^I ^;JJ1 (^<\r* _ \Ari) (Theodor Noldeke) ^JlJjJ 

1Jl& ^_^ ;j^^ ^-**^ •'^^JJJ ^*^*-*^J (H^r^' JljiJi J^ f^j-i^ <JL- v* 4J /^JIpj t<«jij 

^ Jj^l ^>>^ 4jlpL^ o^LpI (^ (Friedrich Schwally) ^^li-i ^jJu^i Lg-JLP 
(.Ull ^ ^1 ^JjG a^ ^J]\ A^jiy ^ ^^ ctJJSj c \ ^ * ^ j.lp ^UJl ^\zil\ 
aLp j^l-A-i oUj .5Jj-L>Jl AlJbnu ^-J^l iJlfi 4-*J-a-a 4jIi5o ^.aT^lJ ciu.-g-<Jl oJl^ 
JLi (jl5j tjTyJl *^ Jjbi| ^^111 (_^li]l 9-y^\ jjX^ ^Uj j! jj:» cJU ^^\^ 
aJl^ cj L>t-w>,L-^ 1 o^^ (August Fischer) jJi^ cu-^j-pjI ^L^li c^wJali oJLpI 
^_^1 oJH-Jl JLi ojL>Jl 4.*-^ oJL5 (^JUI tlJllli «^j->Jl L«^ . ^Uj Juo ojJLs^Ij 
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j:s^ t/Vl iJu ^ Jil to-iU: jLjVl v''^^^ oUljuJl *.LJU ^ JL^l 

XI 



^ ^^j^\ jljJJL ^;yJLc^ aUjlaI j-a <i-->u U ^L(*-« I-a1 ^ o^^.,^2::>t-o 4-JxjjlJ 

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(Petrus Venerabilis) J^LwJl u^^r^ t>* t^JLkj t \ \ iV /\ > i Y aj«>- Ketenensis) 

j»jLPj I g ^i 1 jj -J-j . (t-Jj^^ Jij-iJL! 4jLal5 <-Js*^^ ^-<*-^^ Jj^ ^L^J-^ ^-^ (J-rHJ 

(Theodor jJjLLj jj^j^ CJjjfc*>Ul ^^^ ibL-^^^l Jj ^^^ > o iV aLp JjL oJLo ^ 
*j^! j!^^ oJbJiP c^Uj?-^ ^^ t>«^l *1J^' ij>- ^ly ^^ -J^ • Bibliander) 

oLiJUi ^ uij^j v-^^ij Zjs]ji}\j ;;:UVij ^L^i^ij ^„>J^>i ^^i Jl 

^LU ii tAj_«^l ^_^ cols' AUjL^fcVi l-Lft ji ejr^^ "^ 0"^ . 4jj-^-.^..^,i jjjl 

j^l ^Ij! ^ ^_j-^ t^J-Jl (Ricoldo da Monte Croce) ^jjS ^y* i^ jJlJ^5Lj 

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^^LJl ji-x^ ljj«Jfl:iv*J t4i-«(jjb a-j-jLv*aJ! l>c-^U caJLJ al <u«JjI JJ ^jj ^vjj^ 



Johann Fuck, Die arah'ischen Studien in Europa, Leipzig 1955; Hartmut Bobzin, Der Koran; £/ne 
Einfuhrung, Munchen 2000a, pp. 9-17; ders., Friedrlch Rijckert und der Koran, in Der Koran: 
in der Ubersetzung von Friedrich Ruckert, hrsg. von Hartmut Bobzin. Mit erkldrenden 
Anmerkungen von Wolfdietrich Fischer. 3. verdnderte Aufloge, Wurzburg 2000b, pp. VII-XXXIII. 

XII 



-L^j <JL*^1 jji^^^w>Jl 4-i cjiJLA ^j ^^ IJla ol5 t ULi .p*>L*«^ll ^^^L^ ^j^ 

i-jLlSCJl» j_^i <u^aJ (*^j-^' jij^l J1 (^5^;^ t^jjJl AjLkJL <pjJa-« ^j-^l iJlS 

4_*-^yJl *JL»->xJ i^JLlI jljj^l jjfcj t (Die turkische Bibel) «^yJl ^j-^JU-<JI 
aLp (David Friedrich Megerlin) jJ^^ ^^jJu^ -M*-^ U-i f '-^ ^^ l^LJ^\ 

)}i JU ^ Lf^„J^^ ^*>^^ *^ ^1 ^JJ .Sj^^t^ <dy^* (>- (^-/^l ^"^J^ ^"^"^^ 

iL-w^/j L tAjIS JLpxj Li^ C^^^J jlj-iJI ^Iji cJbt>- ^ ^JJJ*^ ^^LwJl JuJL^lj 

;Jl^^Ai^Vl oL-ljJLJI Ljjjt cJ^ t^^ jj--:>LJl Oja}\ ^IjI ^y» ^IjlijI 

■If > * 

pju J^j^j -ya tLijs-^ .4jljLva_?-j ajIjJj (j^,_*lJl o^IJjijlj C^ F-LJLJl L^ {»Li 
^ oj^j;J ti^^^^-jJlj aI:wJ*>U1j aIjUjJI t^Jii-JI t_->L^i (juUJ i-o-lj^ 



XIII 



Jj^\ ji 



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CjLtJ LjjjjI j^ (Humanism) ^_yLJ)/l ^_,^JuJl *^j-U ^ . ^^.1:...^. J 1 aUjlaI 
ji tJflii ou^ ^jli5 A-i (_$jj "^j tJbJL>Jlj (vJ*^^ *^:-^-^ (^ ^_^JLi-Jl ^jL^I 
Lilj^ 'jc-*-* Ujli? j-^jIjJI t_^jJ *^-*..*j5^ jlj^l IjLjj . LglS' j-^LiJl oJla ^ ^^J-* 

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(Johann ^j-« a:*! jL*^ ^LJVl ^^_^^y\S^\ ;;Jiyjt^\ jl5 Lwjj .4---JLi-*Jl 
;J'>U;l^L jLJ'^Vl ^LJuJl j^ *J^1 ^ J}! (\ArA_ ^V^•\) AdamMohler) 

Lgj;-^ ^^l«j caJlw'I <*^-5 Sj-j^ ^^>r^ ^^ ^, ^-^^ <f^ 1-^ ^-^ LjLxS' 4-L^j-j jljxll 

c-jLx5CJI ^ Jj*^l <^j^l (^ (_5^^^-^ oJlw^JlJj ^i'jJjJ ftji'Jb Lo XsAj Jj>- ^\ 4-«iJ 
/^-jJl Lg-iLp ^_yiJl ii^U^I <^-lJI 6j-jiJlj (_5^j-Jt <^i.^j ^ ^-J^! jjtH ^j-^j-*^' 

JU^ OjXl j-:^\yj 0-^'jj jTj-iJi ,i-^^j;tf" ^_^ 1^ ^JLII JjL;:l1I IJl& jl jJ-o 

^ l^^jco t«^;--Jt; r-lx3^> IgJLj co'>Ul Sj^JuJl tjl^^ Otr^>*-^ 4-*j>-y _ (Goethe) 

^^^P^-^U-'il J5Cj *Jti^ c^''^^^^^ ^>^-*:l 'l5>=^' V^' ^-^-=rjJ Jl <^L<J1 i:>-L>Ji 
J5 4iiJ ;t3j-*^^ f-U-u- C-^>o ^-^r^ c^ L-T^^ >*-? t jlj-iil 1^ cA^j-jJlj <^yt-tJl 

.Der Koran: Eine Einfuhrung, MOnchen 2000 ^^^j^x^^ ^L^ O-a j^ "^ ^"-^fl.^ll (^ Jo-lll Jjj ^^^ 

XIV 



4jj-»J^ a ^'fc-^^l l-*JU-« 



jlj^ iSy*-^ 4I1LJI c:^Uj>-y (*.^:^ ^ ic^^' (^ t JjU-* J^^ -("^^j^^ (*j^-^' 



\jkj^\ ^^JA ,a;IjJj j^ ^Lip Jb JL^ Nl ^;;^U'^l ^yUiJl pL^I ^ JJifJl 
*y ■ , ^:iJ ^_^l UjUl u*^ Ijifl^j cUjlpI^ j^ ^.^r^J caIS^^I cjIxJJI ^ij:> (_^i 

U»^ ^ iLi ^_yi jJ_^I (jlSl (Uon _ WVO (Josef von Hammer-Purgstall) 

IjLu-i LgJ jLl>-Ij ; <((jLL»Jl ^ ipL»j>- l^^lju t(j^j-Lli JJ^*' 4JL>*-a \h\hj 
jl^l 4jJ j^>t*-< ^ L^ iajj c^,*j»-^l eJlgJ iflJXo i^^j cix>c— wO 4JtJu aIjLJ^I 

:«t>f^l aJUJIj 4ZjLyt jljiJtJ <-a^ LluIjJ ^ i^LLuVI (_^| OjC. S^>laj pJUj 

Katharina Mommsen, Goefhe und die arabische Weit, Frankfurt am Main, 1988. 

.West-ostUcher Divan, hrsg. von Hendrik Birus, Part 1, Frankfurt am Main 1994, p. 159 ^^^ 
,Fundgruben des Orients bearbeifet durch erne Geselischaft von Liebhabem ^°^ 

.Bobzin, 2000b, p. XlVf ^^^ 

XV 



(Friedrich Ruckert) o^jj ^jJby ^^LJ^'yi ^LlJI U^^^^j jT^I 4iJ jl^ 

(V) .,. , 



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jiLt: ^,jLJl ^lij . J-^1 J^^ U-*-fr^ cs^l ^JJ^, (^^>- toL*^lj jj-JJ ^^j 

<^^^l ^sj^^^ 4..m1-.o. N AAA <!_«. (August Muller) Jj^ o^..fjl ^jj.V. ...Jl ^jVl S^h^ U^j^I ^^^ 

XVI 



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JLi ^_^l ^j 4J1JI jL5 U Jl sii^ <.^[j^\ ^ JjSll ^[^Jl^\ Jlp 

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XYII 



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'j^ Jlii Lo J J ;jjla;^j .j^^*Ji 7^\^^ aJu— «j1 l>JU^j <,A^ji Lvtftjlp toLljjJu 

^_^ [♦-^j-^^ ^j^Lvia->- j»_*l LiiLl/o t jljjJl jjiiij ?»c-ijLj ^j.^^1 e-J-pJl wJbtjj 

4o bil tj,,sr?aTiL J J 111) /W .iJUjiP ^;-P CjIpI^J >r^ °y Ujliaj tOU.iP t_A>t-vSW 

(-54^--? • J;j-*^J-*-'' ^Mi <>-*^' ur^' j^Ua-Jl 1^1 o^y^-J t*^'^' .r^'j 5<^l^l 
. ^\jS\ ^j^Ul c^JLI 4ij^^^ CUTIS' ^1 ji^l oUp^^ia;^ IaN uT^y^ ^ilSOl 

^^_^Jlpj t j^l./2.oJl *_/> J-^IjcJI ^ 4JjL>Jlj ^JL^^^Lj 4JU.>w«-) ^l*j>tJl ^Lsi^i 

^"%^y\ J>^ ll^ ^ Ol jJLj Ai t^JJl Jj^i ^3>J1 j^^ -(^-^^ ^^j^^ ^b 

Richard Bell, The Qur'an Trons/afed. Wifh a critical rearrangement of the Surahs, 2 Vols., ^^^ 

Edingburgh 1937 - 1939; Regis Blachere, Le Coran. /; fntroduction ou Coron. // - ///: Traduction 

nouvelle se/on un essai de rec/assemenf des sourates, Paris 1 947 - 1 959. 

XVIII 



X4ij*^^ 2^.*^jJi31 L^JlL* 



o^^_ jl Jl lI^LJL ^:> U IJla . JbJl ^ <-^^l ^L-ilj ii^^l ^ Nl L^ 
^ij^l c^L-ljjJl Lgj twa.>/2."J 0^ ^jiNlj J^^jJJUl c!-^>B-Jl ^^Jls' ySj:S\j .^v^^^l 

>t-w>^^>Jj <l>*jjli]\ 4-iwd>JJ jJa^^ ^j^ ^ ^-^^ ^jy^ '^^ i-JjlxJ) ^_^JLp j^yi>tj *^j 
9^>j1J L^^ ^1 4J^^5l«oJl CjLpI^I L>-L; ^^j ciaii <r=^ljj l5-^^^1 ^\ ^^j^^ 

jLo t^^Nl oUo)!! ^^L*]l JS" j^ ^^UilL j^^i^ U t^jjU^I ^/^i J i 
;LJ1 J3. ^ aJI jLuJi ^UJl l^ . iiijUiJi JiUlj ii^i,^! ^UlJ! Jji^UJl 

, j^yJl AjJi^J c!.^:>tJl "Z^-j^yi ^JLp LL- 

-*- -s;- '^ 

^^Uiw i^LiS^L^N Ai^iL^ V*-^ aJjL>«^ iSy^^^, '^\ • -J^^-^**-^ (Ijr^b f^^;^^ d\j^\ 
XIX 



^^>l>j J^jll>T^ ^^r-^ L^^ iS^^ lS^^^ 4jLvwO ;iJLJ-l5 . J j-Jt-i j\ jLojJ ^yj?j^ t li[ 

La JpLjclJ ^JuJl Lai . jL*j} pj^j-0 ^_^ t^j->xJl fU^l oj-ii ci^ t5-^^^ '•'^^ 

(J^ i Ji (.AJijJku^ ^J-r^' 0^0=" ^^->-dJ Ol JjL>kj IJl^ -I g ^ ^ ^ ; *^^^J^ .,<g ■ g ll i^S-^ 

jys r^^r^^ jlj^l ^-jIi^I IJla jjo^lj TxJL^ IJcSOfc . 4^JL:>E-o aIJjJp^Ij aI] lip_^]a*><j 1 
•^JjcJj ^L>- j^ i 4j^^^ JjjLaJL 4j (JJalij t 4j j-1j iJO i^j^^ ^-^^^^^ L-?^^' ^"lA^l 

;5^ ^Li" 4jl^j ^^J:^\ il^sij j^Ui. ^JUJi ji^ i^b • ^ i^^b t>^>" 

^1 Jlp 6^ J>; ^j^\ ^\ ^\sS b\jj^\ bj^ Lai .aJI SjLi^l cL.i^ L^ 

U ^il jl Nj (jL-Jl l-Lft ^_^ i^J^'^-*^. ^j • ^-''^ apxjLl) c^j^\ jJ ^_^i?- c^I^^ML 
^Ij -iL^ir^-Nl jpA - jl^l *LU ci—^U^l lil t JL^x;>t^l *JLJl jl ^ j-ij j^l aJU 

dLl^l . ^Ui ^;^^l dUi j^ t5^ ^ i^^ ol A.Jg:i^ N LJlj cAiJb ^y »-^^! 

/wJ A-..^^^ AJU^ A-alij^ JtAj>- Jwa ^ ^^^'^'-^ /Vi*-^-*-^ ciLl^xtJ J L>tJ I oJjb ^-3 j-A 5^ j UJ U 

XX 



5^ o^Jl ^L-a-a-j-lJI Jw^JuL* 

^v^ cli-^L*-lJlj ^j^j]\ j^ jJi j^\ ^l J^^ajJL Jj-s^jJi (^) c J^^ajJlj <LiX>Ji\ 

Li U ^1 6:>jjJlI aIjJuo aJjUi;^ LgJL ^l^t^j^Jl oJla <-k^j j^^^ .5il:>«jl aj1j;>-I 
^_^ (.\1>- Lj'^VS' t4j jjjl^u^l ^«-s^j ^ tJL«j cjljiJi jlS" jj^^ tfrjJI ^J ^(J^' 

«'\jj J-* L<J LwvwlL>t:L4 4 >.gj c-^jJi ^ j'-W ''^^^ • *4-"-v!^j *S!'-'^^^ <u-dLioj c Lo- a.^Jw<> 

j-s^J Jj^jl J-*->x-a J-La (Jj^lJL?- (jj_-iJLw^ jj^-XA-a ^3^^ 'Sr*-**4 '-^ l5 ' ^ Q'^ ' ' 

cjLIju j_p <1.j>,JI . jT^l 4J^ jJjJ t_$JJl (discourse) ^UajixJl Juj j-ji JLol^ 

IJ j^l ^^^^ /<-« (J^^ 1^ ^7H.S^^ i^ ajlJap- fy~y>^ jy^^ LaJCwP t uiji j^yJaJ^ 

^ L^lj Loj aJjLxJI ^jJtaW UJ «^-ij tjiJjNlj ^^--XcJLj (.Aj.Ma>Jl (^jIp SjJL 
^^-w^! jj-J^' ^-^1 fi-^Jj /*-^^j^^ (>r-*^^ ^L?^' jUaiJl . 4j^^SL.eP J il-^L*** ki^lJLp-l 

U5 tp!>L->Ni /*-J^ <^ ^lI-«Jlj . jljJl j-:^'^ ^ iL*Ji *_jJ_5Jl JU^a 4-^jJu t_$JLll 

^ aI:^ tbi tcJlS" <LJI .ji'^LJJ j^bJl / lj>^ ^Wl j^l Aj^J Ji W^J-^ 
t^;y>Ji ^_^-j>Jl JuuJl ^^^jJlp J-J^ IJl& ^ (j-^^ .<-,^lj-p j-l-ijj jljJJi ^^tj*->» 



XXI 



jT^I ^b 

II* ^ N t^^ikij ^ 4^N1 ^>J J.UJ1 ^„jUi ^^1^1 -u.' ^[$j^\ ^\ 
^ ^^i jl J^ ^N^ ^l^b yS\ j\j^ .^Ju (^JJ* :r->Jl J ^J ^j\y^\ 

iJ^^ 1 c J-^ 1 jj ^J-*J^ ^ Ju t j^^ I JLl^ J J (_jip JaJuJ? 4JLI 1 j L ^^>tj jtJ J t Gl o L 

Lo .aIijJ! 4j^jj>-jJl LgJ^jJwU ^J_^^^Ll^ (jj^l ^,r7^g7.M»Jl JJIUL. OJJ.li^ ^bj-^^ 

JjUI t^j-a j_A iJus. ^^^1 <JlJyi jl jjfc ^1^1 (jLwJl ^ aJI ^^JaJl oiJb j^^il^ 

1 4j Ji LSo t^-dij^l li-ffi* J (jl'j; I ?-jl .,/gil ^^LvJ^I AaIII .c->j_<JI 4-^.^1 jLgju^ 

^ |}5j .^;,^>Jlj t^LiSai Jj^lj tjU5Jl vbr Jl J. coo^j ^1 jl^^l 
L/?il 4_<J . jl^l J ^L-oJl -U^jJl fJLSCi^l jjii -JJl ^^j^ .*-^ljilj f-L-JVl 

jl^l jl ^^JJU ^ IJLA . N ^_;,ilJ»^lj t*dJl f**>^ J-^ ■> g .,r^ *-J t jj^l Jj-JlSC-« 

.^1 (»*>^ ^y>^^ ^1 ^j js:j .^i ^j ^ 

fc^jJaJlj ULiJ ^5-^ ^^ ^'^^•^.3 ■'^^S^^^^ t^uLvf^ljJ 4<jjlj.?- <-JJ ji jlj-i3l 
f-j^j-^Jl t— >Ii5kjI J . JiLijj A^j (_5^-^i ^■^J tJL«j t jlS' /^rr*" ^ ^-^ ^-^ 1^^ 
jj^l i-^lj^ J^^ ^jr" *G^Lo^N 4JjL>e^j t^^yitjjUl (*iijJl I^J-gJ jj-*1l>J LjJuI ^ 

XXII 



2j*jjjt}\ I_^j>-jjJI i^JuL« 

. La1jJ->i;^ ^^^J U-^^-*^ tJj*^^ Oj-«-U l^Jt.*-**J /j-« JL*-U5 t (^jJ^ c-jLJLS'j toLw?- 

.^^•>liJI 451^1 ^i::SCJl 

^:f ^jf iif 

*-pJL) iJLJ^yi (Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung) jjLl^l - •^^j-'^ 4«.^j^ c,^\l 

j^ ,, ^ J jij ; 1^;^ ,,<^Tj jjjl eiUJl u^p- ^j^y^ t— jbSol (3^^^ jl j^y tlr**^-? • ''^^ 

. Uj,<kP /V**^^^^ Lsij^^ oi^ydJ AijJL?- 0*^1^ ^Jr^ 

Lit I *jb 'j-Ai>*j ji j-^ ^^-$-^.5^ U ^j-^ijLJl t^ly ^ jj-A^^Ui JuiJL^l lij ''(*j-^^ 
4 LliUj f-JL-> (1)1 4>4):>liJl jL^*^i flb>^ ^^L>Jl ^j-»J\ /^-^^ ^Jj— ^ W^l 

^ ^ ^ 

XXIII 



a^..,<^q fl^ ^_^ (P*-*-^' '^ t^^'l L5^ f»-*^ t>* t_5Jl ^r^^-^l pIJl^J ULl>- jJlp^ 
-«L) — ^j-Lva 4JL-P oJ»wwJ1 (♦-^j i^^j-^lJi ^ iJjLi (V*-^ ^J^ t>^ r^^-**^0 • ^-:^-^*«J 
t^^L^l JUP ^^JlJI j^ .^j (.A-i Jww>x^l Jj^l ^ JUg^i jr- ^rr^^ ^-^ C5^^ 

^j^ L5Lj'1 4.«J^1j t Jaii j_jJll!l <^^^^l ^-ojX? j^ ^L^ t^JLlI ^lj-« jjI ^'j-iJ 

jjU^I _ ^l^j-S" L— ^3_« ^ jjJjj...,*^! oIjLjI t^JJl pU-JI jjLajJL ^ j-lJ I ^ 
.AjsJbi^l fj^jJuJl J^l^ J!>^ jUiPj ^^ ^_^ (Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung) 

JU— Jl jlj-^jj (/jJcJji) ^^^-.«Jjjj CJj-^jLaj (LiJ^*>Li) i— Jjjl ^j..*_>*_aj (jJuN) 

Den nach Erkenntnis Suchenden, 

«Orientalisten» und «Okzidentalisten», 

sei diese Arbeit gewidmet 



XXIV 



( I 



LiS3l JU*:l«I J-c^ oLii^^U 



J-pjIi 4.«-i u-jLiSUI l-Lfc t^tf-J Ij ^^ Ij5j:l^1 ^^Jl!! ^lpLjIj ^i'jJjJ /-jl^^jl^I 

: Jo US' LfJJij 4 ^^ 

Jlp Jl!I jl *-ftjL/ijlj ^t-f*-** — J t ifcJJ *OJl frLt ^j Ij^li (t-^JLp /JLis-l ii^s V 

^tJCLJ ^ ^>t■l!lJ jt-^^-ai^ (^m (t-^j Ijj-^l (J--UI L^l U .^aJ ^^ J^ 

XXV 



^liJl ^>J>^Ji ^ ^j-^^^f^ i-iSLJl t5>-Vl JU-pS/I U.I .«c$>-^ ^Ij^ (^j» 

El: Enzyklopddie des Islam (a'>L«NI i^j^j^) 

WZKM: Wiener Zeitschrift fur die Kunde des ((i^r-^* (^^ ^ iL>T--) 
Morgenlandes 

ZA: Zeitschrift fur Assyriologie (^jjj-^"^' ^^ijJl iJL>T--) 

ZDMG: Zeitschrift der Deutschen (Ci^^l CUS/l ^^ucg^l iL*^) 
Morgenldndischen Geseltschaft 

ZS: Zeitschrift fur Semitistik (a-^LJI pji^Jl 4JL>t-«) 






XXVI 












XXVII 



J\ c-ibS^I 1 J.A i^jJl 



3 



^LiJI I.^JaJJ J^'^ifl LyJaJl ^j^ 



•jSsj *J lil caJ ^^iaJ! JL>tj j^ p-UJL)JI ^ t_5^1 (-Jl -^jl jl c jljill fSJ^ ^^ t>* 
L<^1 |Jl& ^xJ^al (1)1 ceJjJLp ^jL^^/ c^^j(-^j ^ j^ j,J ijj . dJUi ^^yip 11^ : ■ ** L) 

(1)1 (l)j^ ^ ciJlSUl) U_px^ t>^^ 0^ vWr^' i^li_pi jLSI (j^^ (((jl^^Jl jJUj» 

^jil c-J^ ^1 jJ ctjL^tj! ^j-a aj ^jil (jl j_j^«^ jLS' U_j >»Ji Jj (J-r^-^ ^cs^ l)^ 
^Lj J^*>iJ L^Ij ^^4=r tV 'V^^ 4jt-Jail j;^ IjlSO^ • (T^^ aLi15' oJjJl?- apJU^ 
LgjuJjj— ^ (jl jjfej t(jyji-l 4.^ ^ c Lij*_s^ Lg-i (jl Mj c U-« (jli?-L) L^Jlc- J>,^>- 

cJlS'j-^ ^ j/\^ l-jLS^I j^ ^IjJl ^j^l «.^l jl ^ ^^; 7...... jlf lij Ul 

.^1)^31) ^J^Ji lj^\ oF-i^i ^2r* J*^ Jb^3:uJl IsJ^^ <mJ> (jM 



XXXI 



^_^^:;:w<^ ^liSJi IIa J-»^^ *^^ J>^ '^'^. ^-J^b ^-^^^ ^-^-^' uHj-*^ r' <.«jTjiil 

^ t JjSfl ;^i a^>J^ '-J^J *>U^c:^ 'lli-J^ ^^ <^\ d\ j^, ^ J^^' 

^^^ J ^t^^ -kii .cj^AjJUiJI ^ ^j^^^-* j-Ji Jil <iiL-oljj (_fJL^\ cs*^^' ^^j^^J 
4iUi>Li jl <jjJL?- cj*>L-bcL| ^LiJI ^^j^ '-J'J-g-51 1^ fjJLj JjL-jJI 0JL4J L5U-a 

(j-wo^ Jj*^l f'y>^\ &^>^^ -^l-^j' iiaiUt^l <ij^^! oJL* ^ *-P^ljj • o^^:rc^ >J»Lia 
4jtJaJl LfJ (wiJLi>tJ ^! ji_v£»lj-<J) j\y\ U5Lo^ ^j^ *Jj . *4-Lp jLS' U^ c-»L«jJLo 

Ijol jJ j^y:^ , -ULp cJlS' Lo ^Jlp U^y (k^J '' y^jr*^J ^^J^ JU-pI <JiiL* 
015 ^v4j'1>cj1 jf *^1 tol^j^ (^ULJl *^N3-& '^ 015 ^^Ul ^^yJuJi Aij^l ^jjW^ 

frj^ dy^ jU-P*yi ^ ^rr^^ *^rr^*^' ^J*^' ^y^^ ^^ (^J .^ .lafr ^J^^^ U-^ 

j^^\ aJ^I t^J*:^! ijtJaJI ^j^ t-JL^jJy JJ^^ ;^^^ L.5'^-'^ C5^1 ^U^i 

XXXIII 



^jLu» jj:5jJ| ilx*^*yi o^bt^j c— ^1^^ ^_^ j^^j}j^ .1 jj:5jJi ili*>-Vl ^^^^vw^^l 

o U.f^ fK^^ cu>J ^ *y *-ijUi J t %^ b^ J ^ J *y 1 <«■; 1^3 1 Jj-^^ j-<»::-w- 1 JLiJ 
dj->- <-fl-L5-a j_p_p CjjLPt^ tP^UJl aL>J1 ^ ^^^ '='J-^^ j-J^-^ ^^ C^y^ 

jJU^^j ^j«jjL C^LjL^Lo ^ 4j5ij.ij>B^l 4-o-jJl111 l}\jJ^\ Cj LU jiaj>e-a ^b-^ ^ la'^.tl 
^ J-^LjLwi/ ^[j Jj^ <=-^J (_^J^ i.J^ ' ^^-*>-^ oUpjiai^-o j^l Jj.*^j}\ ^^^^LJl 



XXXIV 








o^^l 


\r\ 


lj^\ 


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M 


on ^Aii^i 


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Y S^l 


Wo 


oV ^JJ^\ 


\ri 


r. p^i 


W* 


r 01^^ JT 


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oAaJiU^l 


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Uo 


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XXXV 






AT 


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c^*V c^^i t VA c VI cU WVi c<\l •cr^y'^^ UiLJl IjJJlW jy^ (1 
c'lo cAV c^^A tA» c*\^ tAl c^V c^r i'M c<\» c^T cVo tVY 
cVA cVV cV<\ cV* cAl cor cA^ tAT c'^'^ cV^ cVt cAo c VT 
tUr cV^ cUT tOO tV» co^ tOT iO\ tl^ cAr tVO cA<\ tAA 

c ^0 tn cY» 4 0* cii cVl tV^ ttv col :v^^ ^^^' o^l j^-^ (^ 

.u cTv iW cTo ,y\ cTr .nv cVT cir .ri cTa .h 
.i* cU cU cu cr« en cio ,i\ err :itJUi ;;^i s^i ^^-^ (^ 

.^r c"\ cH cV ito cti cV ciT cT^ cT^ 4r*\ .TA 

cTi c^r err co^ c^o ct cov ci^ ,r civ cA c^t di c*\a cY 

.0 t^ ci^ tU • cl» ell ciA cYY tOA 

XXXVI 



<jTjj]| J^I ^ 






^jujL::^ La *Jai«J **J j»li t*L>ojlJ ^^^Ip L&^U (^X^j <^,^j«-131 IJla ^ «^r^ ^jr^' 

jl jiljl (j^^LJl ^j—j ■ ij^^jj^ j-^i ^W'J ^-^^ e-Ux-^l }jjj aJs^ JJj US' 

<iS'Lt^-:>- ^ ^^:-i ^-^^ f'J^"^ ^j£' JlSJ ijUrl - LLa ^_5liJl^ ^._J_iJLJ Jl>J_>- j_ii 
(»*^Sll ^^j ^^.J^y^S J_-j ^1 ^L< ^^1 Jl^>^ ^ ^j-^1 '^L :.Uzj^^l 
J\J^x^\ ^c^ t^_^j^'l ^L>^^^.^J1 oUUj>J1 J> Li^i ^j^l i]^" .o^lj 

.N''33 <j,^l iaKJI (>6 «j_^» 4aK 3"t .ti'i (^^i-Vl <^LiJl ciUllI 

Ijija 1 rtll-fcj <6lj-Lii l^JJ^ C)^ jl f_>iJjlXa ^ S^^All .tjJ^Ij ^Ja)I ^Jj^ LJL^ 'KS^ 6^ * j _•'■** ' (j-t^^l ^ 6^_^j1]1 ^ ' 

.^^1 jl^I ^\^ JjA. Ewald iojLa liJJ J_j^ (jjU ^^^ 



JlSLIjj toL>J OLIJ J;^w»Jl tiJLJis JUwX) <**.-J:SGI ?^)jU lgjL>t*o ^1 ^^^.l-a.iJl ^j^l 

aj-jj| L»^9j ^^^jt^j -^y^ 4:^.,^->«^ I ; .,r^ ■>%ji lil c uJ 4-4-a>JLj olS' IJuj>t/> oL 
^ oi_p-L« JU>wa (^^ (^^ <->! ^LdJl ^-*4Jlj lilj^ *^j-<Jl ^_y5L Ji3 . lA*>t,s^ LLgi 

Sj^l ^^ "^Ul t JJ jV^ Ja5 L^ (''-i-*^ (^ oJbJu>- j^Lj (_^i (_5^1j jl a^:^ -^j^' 

4-JL*J b. aJJls-j ^ ^^j^ J-^-^ IJ-*j>c^ jl ^oL:>^l ^,. *< j-d J ^1 J^j J^ ^>^ 

oj.-j>-l ^^^-^ toj^ <..^.w«j*tj <u^Lw^ ^Lc-i *j (.ti'j.SJuj \^\JCj 4jL«j>-j t^LjjJl j^ 
^jjJUJl kij>^\j jia>tJi (t-c-j o^ ^jJi 3^ Ol (_^ (»3\^^ ij^^^^ Oj-^1 ^jtr*"^ 

4_>il5LSl c-*j-«Ji o-^^-*-i J^^-^;-«^ Ol ^j->9 4JI ^^-^ ^ <i-;-a,?xj 4-...^Li jv-^j-owvis ^ ^j-fll 
jlS' ^li cdJUiS' ^^1 jj5^ *J jJ . ^|^3-JJ ikJJl ^t:wxij c^_jx*-^i lit:* ^Ij-^b^J 

Boulainvilliers, Lehen des Muhammed, deutsche Ubers. Halle 1 786; J. von ^^ < -^ j V\ < * ^^^ 
Hammer - Purgstall, Gemd/desa// der Lebensbeschreibungen groBer moslimischer Herrscher 1 
Darmstadt 1 887; T. Carlyle, On heroes, hero - worship und the heroic in history, London 1 840, 
lecture 2; A. Sprenger, Life of Muhammad, Allahabad 1851 ; E. Renan, Mahomef ef ies origines 

de I'Islamisme, Revue des deux mondes, tom. 12, Paris 1851 . 

C. Snouck Hurguronje, Rev. Hist. Relig. T. 30 p. 48ff. :^^\ ^\1 



^^Jlc- J^l U ASl| *Jlj j^ oJ. ^;_5^V^ *— jUjJJ A.y>^ Ja.fl.^vw^^*> <u«^ <jlj LU-«j 

f'\j,^\ ^ 4JL»L; ftlji ^jjlj-* <,j.Ai^j j-^ jjI oLjiNl oL1jJ-n^ *«^Ij ^^_j-L^J 

ciUaj . l^-S" IjU Jl^^l ^^^ i-.ww-L-l L. iJuj t LJjJI i^Uip-'Ji oliiii ^^^ 
u.g...»./> <*.Jaj jlS 1JUj>*^ oI j^j N1 t6ji>tj ol /V^^ Oj-Ju^l ijj ^1 dJJi ^^ 

OuLS" liLj . * j.^*-^ (.r^ *-*^^Jd '-^^^rc^ oU^aJJ **-ij-^ oLS^ J-*j>t>s /*"jj b\ j^ 

AjJ^I tAjlj_Pl Ji" j^^l^ ^.,^ro ol ^J^ ^ ^ ^j^ ^ ^^^tr^ cr'^^*^ f-lS'Jlj >CUJLi 



5^" 






jT^! ^^ 



b 



. j»*>L-)/l aJLp j»jij ^iJi <^jJU ybUaJl ^j>Ji f*-^l ^^ \^ ^-i*j . ol:;! 

^ L^Li t^JJl ^J_« ;_yA^^^ ^J=^J U^^J t<^^ ^J^ J^U^2-d J^ ^ , rg . /3i j»lJj>t:U*>l 

o\ jiv^ If^^i i*^! . ^/UiJl (w-^dUl A^lwb^j ^jp cjjJLs^ ^\ jS\yS\ jLi dJUi 
^L:1 iOi lj_J pLjSfU .^iLJI :>Uii^Nl ^ J. t^ljjJl :>Ujj^i ^ NL^J 

^!A^I ^-.-Atf^ J-0 i}^y^\ ^J\ j^JjjS/l ^^1 S^-^ ^lIS' J-;-^ t JU_Jl ftiA 

Sprenger, L/fe of M. 124f.: "Enthusiasm, in its progress, remains as rarely free :Jj> I j 3 -> 1 ^^^ 
from fraud, as fire from smoke; and men with the most sincere conviction of the sacredness of 
their cause, are most prone to commit pious frauds," 



; J*oj>t-a eLj>- (JL^ *4^ ^j^ (^-^^ *U«j1> jJLdjLj ^ rjij^^ ^^^^ ^^^ l5^ i^^^jcJ jl 
^1 jiUa^l 4Juj»cJ U ^-^*-*j tjNl L^ ^C^ ^_^1 UJUtJl aJj-J1 *_^ ^^ JLaiJ 
Ojjill yi ^^J^ "^jr^ ^j'j-« ^.-oIj-LSI \^ \..fjLyaj C-ij 4C-tljJLi Nl \-fui IjJU^ *J 

Sjj.^ ^Y^/^^ ilV JU.>t^ ®jj-^) '-J^?^ '-^ ' -^^ (♦-^J LIj ji JU.>t^ /^S\j ^ . iL^^iaj ! 

jj^*>uj jj ^[ 4 "U ji ^ ;^j^ cJ^^^^^^j *^^ ^^-^ Ll.*j>ti« ois' 4j I jjfe ^Ji' iJLft 

jLo-iJ ^*^*w.j»*-! t ^j-^ c^-r^^ t-T^ tJj-^ ti-^' cr^J^ (j-^j-^^ j-Ls^2_<Ji jl 
Oj-b jA ; ^jj j_v* L«-*J 1 ^jA*jj ^^^yla^jJl OjjiJl iLiLpl »^,^**>tjj Ja-w««Jl ^ ^».Lv^»J i 

jyi.*:uJl i.l.>tJl Lj j^yvii-«-j -^rc^ ^^ *^J'^ >fr^ jlj^l (_^ J^)/l ^L" Ul 

^U j^\ lfj\\ iU^VI diJjeJ' v^'if'j r^*--'iflj ^iLu.Vl J^ 4:^^! SL^ (>^-iJUl ^1 t'^i 6' t/^*^ ^^ '^ 
(Was haf Mohamed aus dem Judenfum \AXX ^\ t II ,j_s (Abraham Geiger) ^ t .1 f |*L-*lj_i1 i j • 
<uk c*ili La-a jjSI j^ S>8j1a jkjjl c*jLua ((jil^>xJI) Ajj^j^Ij ^jjjjlII jjLua-Jl jj) Ujj .oufgenommen?) 

ZDMG 12, 699ff. ^ 4^^]^ dlj J^^ Oj^ <^^> 



jlj^l ^J 



L- 



4.*^^1 = Peschittha] UL-lJi ^j ^ ji^st jtnbtt nt? ^j^a: f.?^>^^ c^ J^^ 

<-^j^ (3^^ ^ j j - ^ - ^ -fl j ^y^j ^.j^^ ^^^^^ ^^r*** tj^ ^"^ L^^^ (^ -^J^t^^^ "^^j^ 

^y jy^ -^'J^' -^*^' j;^ (*-Sj • jj^ L^-^^^fri /^^ ^-''^ cJlS" lg,..s^d^ aJj-*^! l3^^ 
*-JL»cJLj jjua:::>tj L« (_y3 fH-^' -H-^ oJl5 ^\ Lg-«JJ 4-w<*-A*yi a.^jl1!I a-^^-j^I 

L_JLiuj 7-jJjj ^Js»J '--J^) <Jaij*Jl - i^^-jliJl ^jJL>Jl ^_^ oJb^ly^l JiLiJl ^ 

.1^ j^LJl Ji'Nl Jlp J:>-j tiL^l:L- ;;^....JI j^ ^ <L^j ■;^.,. J I i-^l 

*_A^,^;-SCiJ (_5-^ /»!>LwuNl jj-^ J-^ t5-^^ Oj-aJ1 ^l^;-«-i j-waLi^ u^*^*-*-; (^^ cr^^ 

. ,^ f'y'^'J (_^ IjJaiL?- *4Jl *-Pj iLs>^y^[j jj^ 1 jits' j^Lj JJ-*^^ p f ^-x - ^^ J 
1^"^ '^ La I .^lj-<jl oJLA -j-a ^;:r^' jJUi2-« JL)JL>tj ^ ^j5s-<kJu /jJj .j_$ij_^l ^^Ul 

i--ilj>Jl ^ 4 ,,<?^4:, <J| 4-tiLuJl 4.1a 5; 11 oJla J_p- OjU t^*>U^ c5*''*^ jLs^) 

l^JL;^^ ^1 v-LJl ;jL5UJl l>>^Ij c^'yi (.^1 Ujj^^ ^1 v»-*Vlj cC^l 

Julius Wellhausen, Resfe arabhchen Heidentums, 2. Aufl., Berlin 1897, S. 234 - 242. 



^*Jj 4^LjI i^^JL^ jLiiCJI J-Usl Xii . lJL<k-^w» \jj-^\^ ^^Lk-il ^^ oj^Ls^l 

JI4) A-s>t-«-wJl (ijiJi 4jua^^. ^^J ^^^ (^5!^ *_Ajj-*Ipl *^i ^^J.JU La c«4l)Ua-3l)> 
*«g^MvJtll Jj^y-JJ^j • ^ w».L>*.<J I jl ciJji ^^J CjLi>l . (^2;^l'Jw'<W«^^ij ^^^L*^iJ ^^^^IjJ^i 

*J1jcJ1 j^ .^ f:'"^^ ^-*-^ Ij-^J ^r^j^l 'j-s^j LlUl IjJlS' ^^/jJb .ciljJ*- Vl (^UJL>- 
^.iuu «!-^^>tJ j....^aj Lfl IJLaj . /j-s*>ft---w4J L oJ-wq-« Ai^i^^-P- (^_5i-^ IjJlS" ^ v .<JLm.*>j I (jl Jj 

^jjLiJl J^-«Jl (j-^a-^ A^ iJKjb -i^j^LJllij <jJLjUjJ1 oLLlSJI Juj tj^JLiJl 

LgJL5Lil 4--I: Lw ^i c bL>-LgJl ^ ^LL^^j^Jl UgJ^^^-^ jT^l ^ S:>j^j-Jl 

J <^ J ^ UaJ I Ajjjia.** 1 ^_^ Jb Jb>J I JLpJ 1 ^ Ul«.J i ^^yavaiJ I U 1 . J j V I 

Jl Sjj-uj JLLcJI L .w.^ lt^ jjLS 1 4J jj>«jw<ij 1 A^UVl ^^ ■^^7— ^ ^ i f oJ L*^ ..fitwj 

Jls^i t^^^i J-w>jl c w m-^ ^^y^ ijj^ '-.tr/jiA cn/n :r oi^^^ 

Sj(j_uj Jj^a- iJi_a.^Loj Prodromiad reftitat/onem A/coran/ 1, p. 27) Marracci ^_^ ^'tl^-a JL. ^J-a j^ ^ 

jjl dijj juj^ ^^^^yij .aoA^lKi ioKj Lj-fta.jij *7tapdKXT|T0(; Joj 7repiK>.DT6(; 1>» iIa^^ J (A A> . ft..r.ll 
Life 97, n. 1 ; Leben I, <^h^^>j^ 4Jd*ji tij^lijjJ) j* j ij jjli Ijft-^ n j^l ^j < J>L«-o jji >a !-« j^i*^ (>*->j^ 
<aKj <fjjj»JI ^^1 Lia^jj Jji^l (ji o-<i^>; (Lolil^l) 7rapaKA,r|T0(; oJS jl ^jjJiLi <NV (> ^>*j fp.l 58 






<^LiiA (^t 'A'W f^ye>A (^L^^^^-iJI ijjliJl j.^.rtnil .(Marracci) .L^>u jl <j^ljVI «l» ^ 7iapdK>.r|T0(; 

i.U'k.a.l ji^-ujl^ «l,'»rt-fc.'ia» j»-uj| (YA :> Lla.jj J:*^' LT^ ljLal£.l <4 uifl'! ^JuuAjJ\ lAjidt jjjl jij Ijlj .(\ - ^^ 

ikU «LiLi:i ,_ti ...t «,<«^-> o» <-«»Kj Lkk L+Jaj^ t^l (Schwally, Idiotikon (jj^) «LiUi^» 7rapdKXr|T0i; 
Levy, Neuhebr. Worterbuch III, 153; Gust. Rosch, ZDMG 46, S. 439. 

^\2 *iaL*l3)^l <jL \Jj^\ «U*iij ^Lo i-i-uaj jSj 

Flugel, Mani, S. 51. 64. 162f.; Euseb. Hist. Eccl. VII, 31; Efrem ed. Rom. II, 487. 

Sprenger, ^La jJj .(I. Goldziher, ZDMG. 32, 374 <Y • ■\(^hs> '^ «(jnj /> -^ It ^jl^» uj'-S) 'c*-!-! * - - '*" 
Jj '(jfiU i_^l*iJl J..-U.VI tjij jJ I .A j Ijft-^n J !JbU j-o^l JjA. 5j^^I idl; ^jm.jIj rLeben I, p. 1 55 - 1 62 
^jjl ^^"fc'iyQ.II L-Mi.iJI a.Lj^ (J^^^_JI <i L^°J^ ^^ I (I t < m"> t4 iiia'i j_fi£, (jilitl 4 'till ft It ^-i (ji^' *^ '^ •^ "^ (c-'^~^' ^~^' ^^ 

Hortwig - Hirschfeld, New Reseorc/ies into ihe Composition and Exegesis of the Qoran, London 
1 902, p. 23f. 139, Fr. Bethge, Rahman et Ahmad, Bonn 1 876, p. 53f. ond Leone Caetani, Anno// 
deW Ishm, Milano 1 905, I, 1 51 . 

^ tiLi V 3^Ljj (_fjj a^-i^lj f^*^' LT^J^' il>j-lt (_jj ^t,_^-uj p :jjjj Lftjj ^jj t 't I ■■ LcS 4iji i^ i_jLj-ujt (jJb 

Ijlj (Y .^.'.11 ^ajfl-> 11 ji-uiVl^ Lajlj ,.u-i ft ji.^1 jflUj <(:,T^t ^j (Wellhausen, Skizzen 4) <^>«Jt JjLiJI 
Sprenger 3 p. ^^i jjj t^ ax.j t^j^^ jjA j-al (JljjjlIJI Jt *-o dj^^^^ia ^jt jjLi iij^ jji i\A-k^ j»--ujI j^jL* LIaLuj 
^-jLi-m.iJl jjjjiflrtll (jli Itl^Jj '«3^" it-***^ 'TBH (J*-* L^" jj-<it^ ^-li't <jjj1 ^^j,_j^1 I j >ii nil (j^ fJ (Y* .31 n. 2 
^yuua^\ J^ oL^ jft-kft |i^l J (i .4^ .^11 (> <J ^LJi V Y :Y jUi^VI J., .r.-.j fV :Y g;U^ Ji-c oL9 

(YVA j_^ ' ) t°'-' "j^ ^ ■ o •«- " f4.uj5 ^t !j\ ^ ^ (^ ^^^ iN ,\^ m ^i .j^^jjj <^jjiJI 6^j>.^i ^.^.tii ^_a ^j-^'t <nj 

JjJLaJ (JjjJ (>jl Lai (*.JuuVt lo^J (_j^l -^ iM <J>Lj Jji_>ijJ (^ M (_^ (V (<^jjJl <^l^».a..lt < L'tCftll cd^Luj ^\j 
^-_ujl Lol *;^^_>j^l ^^\ J-iljJt ^t^ tjL>_9 .oLojt* nil 6J-4 4 -t .r. ^ <'l m I I i. i t ... (j-a t^ .((SjLJoVIb 4-0.^1 

i>j > ^ ^ ^ M = ^juj^jLj^ dji_. i Y <i^i ^i j^ ^s^ ^ Sj^Lije iij^^i- (_fi j^t^l ©ai |xoa|ie6Tii; 
La^ IJlU ' jli 'n <-a-LS JjIjcj >fj (Corpus inscript. Graec Vol. Ill (Berolini 1853) No. 4500 .^j .n ^ it 

.de Vogue 1 24, 4 ^ J«iJL ^l^Sf I ^j^t 1 (]•>.. An 



aJU^I iiilL Ujjj c4^_^*Vl j\ V*b*^^ J^ ^^r^^ oJJlj A^jJ\ oLl::^\ ^r^ - 
lj-<»^^_ Ol ^;^^w^^;.....^Jlj ^j-^\ (>!J^i JL^j ^j^ ^i <^?<^ v^-9 -^J • ^^ 
^ ^1 ^;_^^^ ^j .4-0^1 OuUl ^1 oUL«J1j J-wiLjVlj oljJUaJlj LjL/?jJI 
aJL^ oLbS" ^ SLo jJa:j U5 tLryb^Jl ^jLS^ Li'>U?l ^yJl UUl i^Ju^cL-o 

dJJi ^y Lijl isjyco (OJUJI JL^j 4^JL>JI ^JUaS") ^^^iJlj (c-j|y>*yi j_^[ Jui.>wo 

lJL-»»lj IjL^l oJ.^-^ Ji ^Lsx^lj ^JuJl jljUoJ fU->sj c— Sis' ^_^\ ^.J^^^^^l Oj^ 

nA ^ c n ZDMG ll>^ ^ ilLJz^l ^1 J-p^J-» c^.^^w^'JL]^ .1 OjLi) 

JUj>t^ ^^AjtJ ^j,<ali^ Lo j_yS Lol .>»*>L*^Nl J-i La J-«J ^ (^^ ^iJj-*J AjPj-4->s_^ 

*y i^ <.«Oj^^ia^H ^l/J *^-^-o>J *^'' Jj^ tj^^^*-^ c5*^b '(>r*"^^ — "^^ J^ (kj^ cr^j 
^LjI ^^J^ {*y**i *^ (J--JLJ1 jC<kJ yi'yi ol ^ jJaJl (j^aij 1i-* . U^JLp u- JJcJl ^j5C«j 

. l1oJj>JI j\ olyJl (_^ I^Uj^pI Lgj (*j>tli j^5^ V 4JL*w*i t Lg-*^j ^y^ 



j-o (1)1 jjb dUi y^ lj-w^*yi j^ . SiaiJl fiJLft ^ j-wJl«^1 Jljil <-JjU<i:J 

^iU- ik^-ljj ,.fc.»..>> <,^ ■■.■■■.. II IJla Jl cJU^ .^y*-Jl t^jLa lyU- 4«>JL^1 OmU)) 
IJLa jlj c Ig.jW.t ^_^Jlp ^*^J (^i C^Lj^i dlij 4..^d.;,( *^_Ja-Ji ^_5^1 Ji J^ Ig.Md't 

i^.:S *UwiJ LJLp jl iipL^-j Ojjjj Ojj>-^ .oJuJjjJl oUJ^i lfJL>^ ^-^ ti-^' >* 

ijlx^l Jj(i iaii (_5^^ *^ «^.-JlS^» ^-jLi" d\ \^j^\ lii W?l:>- caJI — J I eJLft Jj^ 

1^^4^ ;((djL^)) iJi" Jl>-^1 Ul .s^LJl j^ <jU53i Jl A>w»lj SjLiJ oJlaj .««Jl 
4i^ (^JJl ^*yi ^j^iiJi Jj 4--«jJlj JUJl ^_y;& U5 to-Uijl Jm^-v^ t Iju^ jI 

il*u tj-fl>:) qI -a ■ '■ (>i x«^a-a (>j |1a^-o jj) ^>iJL; -'••j^ Sprengor, {Me 101, Anm. 2; Leben II, 398 ^^^^ 

.<^i2^i ^jU-j ...J ^is ^i (ji 4^ o^ Ci^ ^ (n r 
.^iik.uJJi?(ja^i ^L) roo .Tor = tiv.rio .«5iiA^» fV* :iA jOiiUj^-i^^jjit^ji^i^i 



^ Li Q2>- (^5^*— sj jl lLUJLj iljl lJu^»x» jl 4JL5U j^ <J>Jji M ^■^^'bj (^'^^ u^ 

LJS' jli tdJlJIS'^Sll ^^ ^ _^ ^^ .ii*>UJL ^ ^i J^ ^ ^liJdJ ^j 
jlf lJu.j>c^ jl ihUJl ij^iiJl lil>^ dJlJJb f>^j:^ M(^Sl» ^^" Ai «L^'^» 

tjT^I ^ Sj^-^ ^y^ iS-^^ Aj3)) jLjti j^ ^j^\ dJukjLj (1)1 ^--^rv! l5-^' ^iij-<Jl 
^liJ)(l)) U^L^ ^^j-«_. J.^1 015 lil .V c ^ : '^l jJuJi Sjj^ ^ a^^^J 
^ La «*^ly !>Lo ^j^ju «iy» L^i olS" iil L-l . /v-g-a ^;^ ^'-J^^ ^ j-^ t^JiPjJlj 

^jS\ ^D) ^_ <:L Ll^-^^..jji J5 4^^^ u c^^Vi ^_^i)^ ^oA c ^01 

jl jlJj IJlaj t«c_^b53l Jjfcl)) ^^^^ oNUJl JS" ^ j^^' L^l L;jj>-j t^Jb «j^l» 



fjTY^ (_^ .Weil tjjU -(l^j^I SUj o 1A) o l . ^_^ <«4L£_A^» <,(^;^j_gJI f(l§ ^j .r,^! ^Ui j'Vo u-=> '^ 

.TYN (_^ iCaussin III 



^ t^Ojl^I^ -^j-fr^' ^>H t_5*^ ^ ^^-'^ -^^ VV /VA : Y o^^l 5j^^ ^_^ .^JlIJI 
AiLsi>l .^jllS^lj oP-ljiJl A^^iTH Cy* i^J^ ^ 4-JKJl . Jaii (^/*-jJi iia^^ljj ii^A>Jl 

jj c-jL^s til Jij (J iju^^t^ ji tv/tA : ^^ ^ySsj>^\ ijj^ ^ ^y^ c^i jj 

j-« l^.^^ JLJ ^j^jjl ^1 L^li JU>tj jilif ^1 cUiSUl oJLa ^v^ . jl^U ^J^J^\ 
IJUj>^ (jl ^_yP-^ ^^rr*"' . 4-w*iJ f-^^1 o^L^ L^Jl Ap t ^i L«i iJUj>tL^ jl j_y^J4 

JLi; ^1 oj La jL>*-J 1 J . lil t4-,*jfcj ^jLw-i ^v^^^l "^ U^j—^ t_5^^ ^jL-^VI 
j-gi . 4Juivi> ^^ oli Ukil ^ tf-j^^^ ISLioj *>LU ^jli^J! xJa:u^ jl5 iJL<i.r>«-a jL 

.Fleischer, K/. Schrift. II, 1 1 5ff. ^j^*^ lt"' ^aKI t^j^j^Liiflll lo >m.'ij 
^ ({Life, 95, n. Uben I, 332, n. 2) «5<.l^l ^jU". ,J V)> ^^J^*:; Vj <«l^l V Ul» (> ji^ ^^A*3 V «^jUj 

<ji^Li «4^jUl L_i-4l^_^)» X^j^ IJiAj .Lilajl ?ii/iflH a-fiii (jt (_i:i^ Ij^ <<jL1^) j^Jt Sjjill dJJj J i^ij <ttj~>. 

.(TV ,j^\ «non sum lector» (aaJSj ,^jaSjl)) 
(jj^T .(N ^ o ^^ Journ. As. Soc. Bengal XIX ^H) N ^ o * <N ^jU <t^„>^lj ^ « Y ^Uu ^^^1 ^j^li ^"^^^ 

.oT <«(jUn'^l» 
.Weil, p. 46, n. 50^'''* 



,T^l ^\ ^ 



(TO) 



ol tjjiV^ ^ ^iSS^^^h <-jj'^*^ ^ t^ (Wellhausen, Skizzen) tjjjUgli 

^^ c A^', ,/a^) oJlA -^ <j>-ll>ej Lo t \j^^ ^JU^y^ iai& ^j^ t_ £ £ jL5' -^Jfc^JLP 

:4-x^^l 4jLp ^ j<-.Ja.lU ^j tA-JliJl ^IjdU (^ii^ oi ^Jlc^ t^LoJj oLojLco <j1 

.^L-jj jijiJl 6^1^ (lri>*"^ J^J^ 
^ aJI ^jJL»«-J ciw.jl5L1Lj LCJLp *c^ J-'*-^^^ '^^ M.j-i (Sprenger) jj^j^ 



AAJ Vo ;1A puflll Sjj-Lu ^ c5Jl>" 6^*^' J^^ (r-Li-sJ! (_iL Vo o\ ViV f«SlS_iu>i) *^^3j^^>jjJ1 f^^jLLjJI ^ ^ 

.Goldziher, A/(u/iommed. Studien /, 1 lOf. I '^j\ ^^li ^^^^ 

.Weil 6jillj U liAj .Lffe p. 99f; Leben (Berlin 1 869) II, 390 -.aij .iH*^ 6d^j Jlj L. *^^^' 

jj L<a) Mahomet savait - il lire et ecrire? Attid. IV. congresso degli Orientolisti, Firenze 1878 

.roV ^A <(\AA- 

life p. 99 n. 3; Leben II 390 - 397 r'W ^1 ^1 <LU=) J^ j^>lJ t'''> 

^l j^pj; JflKj <c<Ij^'in)) (jia-oj (i_>ifl.^» 4j'i> ■■■II ? ■■1 K JL jl (*"5n^ :l't .iinti) j;^, i;^^ <jiLj^l <a1^Li 

\0 



^j-JpLw-I JjLAi oJla)) Jj-Aj ^\J J ^ 9 t La LLlS" i^j^-^ JL^->e-a j L5 jj ^_^:;->- . 4_i-L>t-a 

• r*-^J^ ^ L5^ ^J^"^ ;lr:^tr^^t^"*^ ^ J -^j^:^^ (V ^U-^J-*^ f-^j^^ fv^' J4^ J-^ ■ ^>^^ 
Jlij)> /i : YO jli^l "ejj-^ ^ J^L ^'*^1 IJU (^1 ^^^ jT^I jl jJLoj 
: ^ n J>^l «JJ--J 4'^J^'' f>^ 'h^ -^LpIj el^l dJUl Nl iJUfc jl Ij^ ^^JJl 

4-Jl jjj^>JL (^JJl jLJ ^^ ^uJlv UJl jjJ>Aj ^1 *_Uj .UJj^ ) * /) *T 

4_)Nl 0JL4J jJ-wJjc<Jl ^_^--Ji (^^,w^L«_J oJbJLP pL*-^1 j„«>»LiL:Ji j-^JLjj . 4t][5-^->«^' 

^ ^jj Lo ^l ^t_5-*^ L$! ^U^^ 0^^ ^J ■ ^C^-*-^ *■ t.r*^-^ ^.rr^ ^J^-^ cjL*_Lw-) 

pI^^-ujVI bjij-ujj j^ ■■■ ^^j^ ■■■^ (^pa-ui :Lbaj>l 4-ujJiJL 4_ui&j ^j« rtH ,l:^^j .«i_l1S» ^Jaju^ "^ '^'" ^ '''!■" 4 x> IS 11 

J^L ^> <a:S/l <j^l i^JiJI ^jjli) ■< jUj :^; jUj r,/o., (<^1j^ lI^I ^l > AA ^\ fV :o Y j^I ;-\ • / oA :> V 
(_j*jLt ^^l (jc ijji^ ^ .(TV rVA wjjl ("ICBB ?-jj-i^ LAjji.tfl." (J^a* V ,_^l ijJiJlj (t-iiojAJI i 5 i^jl '^Q^ 
'\- f oA :\V ^lj_coVI Sjj—i ^_^ SJjtj-H J^ U ... .^w od^ ^J-^^ .V > > (j^ .«(jU:;y)» <^^^^j_^t (^jJ Jjlj 
(Freytag 'laiopiai <-<Ji {> <iii/» ((^,^L^I» jjl VU"-.! ^i J)i\ ^^ jjjj .jj-*^ iiJ Cy W^W wjji^-LulHj 
im Lexikon; Sprenger, Journ. As. Soc. Bengal 20, 1 1 9; Leben Muh.s II, 395; Fleischer a. a. O. II, 

.<1jjJo Sjli jlo <Uji .ej <-uajIil U tdJjj rl 1 9) 

.<iiLL^ ujUjI ^ ol^fi ^-ui'i (jl>*J' Lf^ '^^-H "aPj'i" jjIsL^Im (jl Jl (^IjSJI ^ dUj jjliJ ^ '^ 

j^jjijj^ .L4JIJJ.J <jLij_iJI i_9^ jkjjl^t fj\ f^jj jjl (i^M \Jij Ijjjt) Jjftl'tll i^^-*^ .Leben Muh.s //, 367 ^ ^ 
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jSX^ H viUi ^M <: 1 ,> (Joh. Alb. Fabricius, cod. Pseudep\grQph. Vet Test. Hamburg 1 722, 1 , 400 
jVjI i^Lf^-i J-* {Hamburger, Realencyklopadie %,w\ ^^\ iJ-A <>* 1 ^» "> < Haer. 1 cap. 8 (jujj'il fl_. .1 

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t Jjj J 1 ji 1 ^ Ll-i^j U-« *^ Liii*^ 1 J (_^^ L»ju ^^^..^t . J-wv£? LiJ ^ c ^ J-^ 

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*u-Qj>o ^»1^<J1 Jb-l ^: (»^ '^-^^ ^.^ o-lj-^ t^*^**^ Jl^Ni dJULj . «6^Liu 
. W_ \o ^ .r ftjuSlD) c-jI::5j j*LLa ^I Lft:>j^ ^1 JuJ Jl o^..^lJ1 

L-wP Jbj (^Jaj^ ]aJL>t-) *L«..ilj *^ >tJ lj.^i.>t^ jl jj JLJl^IJI *_^>tjcJLJ cLp-Xo jLSlSj 

^>^i ; N V _ > ^ ,r a^^iiVL ;(j^i ^U^i jiL^i ^t^) ejjL^Ji ; JJ^ ^ « j-L-s^ 6^1 ^j ^ ^^i ^^^"^ 

UJt .Spr. Life 41 ff. Leben I, 82 - 89, 1 19 - 124; Caussin I, 323 lojLS •>^'^ '^ lc' j* v--) i -V^ i^ 

jjli ^^ ^^\ ^«jtii"i< ji^iLuiVI o^^ cr^l (jJ^-*^l ->:P^ 4ju*^LL o^li jLii.VI ajjk Ji ;j) jUltVI (Jjjuj ikli Ji 

life p. 95 and 98 ^""^^ 
.L/fe p. 41; Leben I, 121f ^^"^ 



jJu/a-a ^Lii5l J-^ 4 — oJ (M. Clement Huart) jlyt oUJl5 .^ <— «^ 

Lol . jljiJl ^Lj c-«.>tj ojjj-a Igjlj cij^i dJLLU «_sii>J Owi»^ /v-f^-iJ ^^j— ri c^^ 
oUlj^l L/:r*^ lt* -^-«'->=-^ (J^ (U-J ^1 0^ Lfc^j^..>J" j^5lo-i l5j^^' c-iL^LlJi 
^_^l (jJL^_<Jl <^liiUl ^_yi (Schulthep) ^j-*4iJjJ- 4-^ij^ Oj^) . v^*-^**^lj Aj^j-gJl 

. *L4 ji Lg-anc-l ^_^1 4«:j^I cjI^UxpVI cujLS' J_*j>e_a ^v^Lj^ j^L^a-o -_»! jl>.| 
pIj^/I ^;iL^j ((j^l Jjj^ ^) 4^_JLiJl ^L-'yi ^ J^ f^'^L-)!! j^;— > ciJJ 

^^^«iJ ^J^\J tA^Ji jU-iij aJIjJo>- jIsLo o-U-o-I ^ Aijj-<Jl LiikS" tA^JiJ! '^^y^\ 
%j-j ^J-J^j JU>c-fl UJl>-I c^3 ^I Uj (»jj««-SI J-^ JJj -^j-^jj -^^ (_5^1 jU'*^^ 
<«>*L-Vl Ky^^ j-« J-^ /J (_ji^ t^ i_^l ^_5^1 -^j-^' *'W*^' ^j^^^i ^.^-.ww*^ LoLj 



J^l ^ t^xi*UJl tj>Jl (> ^1 t>-^ Sj,^?'^- jLl^VI .\~VV_ \Yo ^^<^^*l <l^ Journal Asiatique '^^^ 

LiVre de /o Creof/on et de I'Histoire des Motahhar ben Tahir al - Maqdisl :4_«*.^j Huart <iLa. t^ JJI 

.(Publications de I'Ecole des langues orientoles vivontes, Paris 1 899 - 1 903 

jljl *R. Dozy, die Israet'iten zu Mekka, aus dem Holland, ubersetzt, Leipzig 1864 (VI, p. 196) ^^^^ 

C. Snouck Hurgronje, Het Mekkaansche Feest, Leiden (jjL5 *L1La:; ,:< 1 »t. a «GJjLa-a (^^ •(j»-4j4' ~ 

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^^ilajJI JLoJLl-uLiVI V^La. (j-li .<lijJ <Luiij J.ftA-a <J«-^J Afj Jj-ual (jJ^ <iLi (V :'\ \ (_i--aJI f > V : t *\ .ji-l j-^^l l 
^^laik Lo Lol ,(olj-o LJ «(jJ-oJUJt v-JjJb J-jO jl (cjlj^ t j a^il ^jJ^ja SjIjjJI Ll^I '•^S^ tHJt I mill JjLftU (Sj-a ^ 2) 

(Journ. Roy. Asiat. Soct ? nU ..m ^^jAJI ^U3l d^^l !iL^I ^"t^j ^li U:1 -'■■•' ^..-luI ,jU *ojJ^jU .,_^ .j _J 

j^ Sjj^Lq M|J_ujIb Ci^l^ '---jjlj Lyall Charles (a.a.O., p. 771ff.) " -^-^ *■ oii London 1903, p. 467ff.) 

.1. Goldziher in Jewish Encyclopaedia 6, 651 b, Art. Islam L^l j^Li .<^)jVl 



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. N i^^l : J^ilj-lj (^ o\^ <^^ i> JjVl <!l^l ol^>l-JI (^ ll«« ^1 J^liJI is\Ji ^^ OUJI (^ .^ 

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i. Goldziher, A/l uhammedanische f[i"\] ^^-a 6L.jl t^)*-* -(^ *^ J^J-<JI ft ^NV «o .No j_jjhj fY t _. . I 
«<-*!'. ^11)) ,3 'i t '. 4 oKII c^jLl-s Li^ (>o ti^LUJil .Stud/en 2, 7; S Fraenkel, Aram. Fremdworier p. 245 
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TV ^^ iSchwally j^i^ t^^^guH 'J^ ^ N V 

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^^ .N *N (JS^) *ax^ :y\ .rv § ^LlliVi yliS *jN i V _ N = \ * 1 *(jl^ *^L^» f(^^tL^ <5jt ^ ^L) 
Weil 44; jjjU .(0 ^L. c_JLi^) Y - i <Y ^^1*^1 .(oYY ^^^^1 pjjj iju^l ^L.) o M ,^ .«Sl.iA*» ijNTN 

.YVo _ Yl*\ ^^ VU5.I *Muir II, 88; Sprenger, Lefaen I, p. 272 

j-iiaJi) jLi^i j;>jl ;(cod. Lugd. 325 (jJjV ^_^ JajU-^ ») kj^^LujVI ^jt:i» *(jj^j^' uj^ .«i«wj» jl «?j-> u ^ ^' 



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jjJLiJl L^Lu^l ^ dilJij o^^Ijca t<up (»L ^1 jm^Li Ijuj>*-« jl *^3 j-a K ^i^L 

oj^^ ^ «_^lj-^l ^^^^,Aj«tJ j_^L5^ ^rr"*^ <lr^ ^i ^---*J (*-^J t «u*JjJ j^I-JlJ! Jl^->s-« 
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Sprenger, Life, ^juLa .S * V :"V ^kLjuiVI Sjj^ ^^i ^jAij^^*JI .jij'\'V (_^ .Y t^Jt^U ...^ll = ^\ YV (^^ (N 

.122, n. 5 

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Weil, n. 48, and in Journ. As. July 1842 p. lOSff.; Sprenger, Life 112, Spr. Leben I, 208ff., 269 

.Ljj" riid IL CI 1^0 ^l£ Ijrt'k ft ^1 J til J - 286 

.(Y"\ § «g;jUuJU ^inS <N § Obl^l ^tlS) aiyl iu^ ^ ^'""^ 

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aco&off TTlff ixdtjppMia^ Theophanes I, 512 (Corpus Script. Byzant. 28), Leo 
Grammaticus Corpus Vol. XXXI, p. 1 53, Conslantinos Porphyrogennetos III, 91 , (Corpus Vol. 5), 
Georgios Hamarfolos ed. Muralt, p. 592; ijUlr^lttg if^^tifia Zonaras III, 214 (Corpus Bd. XXX); 
Wlijifi« Michael Giycos Corpus Bd. XVI, p. 514; epihpflca: Canisii Thesaurus ed. Basnoge, 
Amstelodami 1725, Bd. IV, 440. » j^LsVerlegung des Alcoran Bruder Richordi Prediger Ordens 
Dr. Mar(tin) Lu(ther) V/ittenberg MDXLIl, Kap. XI; P 4 U ...Ij^ 4 j :l ^ i:^ L^^^j^LJ^nno MCCC, 
Hottinger Bibl. Or. 14 sqq,; Morracci 

Gagnier I, 91 ; Caussin in VV J-^j ^ Jj Sjj— *- Jj-^ Ockley, hist of the Saracens (, 300; Sale ^"^^ 
Journ. As. 1839, VII, p. 138. 



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dUi jlSj . JuXji c-^l^^l y1 J-l^l -upj Jl A::>y> Juo ^^1 ^'^^\LiULjl a3jUj 

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Lg-w...^,Lj (_y^jl'' ^\ j_f^j-5l ya-jrS' .<-Jl lL^JL^**: aJlII jL 4JU-.I j^ ci-^L^ j^rr^ 

. 4„-^ JljiJi Jj^-^ Uwo ^1 t L^ (_5^j' *^;r^ *^L-^^ dJJJb Jji-sA^ 






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j^yt**w) j^yJi «i?LLgJl .o^ljtJl c-«-«j ^j^J JlSLJLII IJLgj 6^^\juJl JJ-— 51 (^ lag:.»"l 

jl ,^_^^^ Jli La t 14:»j-aj o^^Li» jj-^ /ys 5ij->-L4 Lgjda-^ljj -ulj JlS'Jj jl ^\ J-jli 

^ ^Xi t_ UU-v2-4 j^^ j] v.^,.i>*j (.^J^l ^^"^l ^^ ^-^-U? jl ii _ lAL^aw jU 

N oL^l LiiJj ji JjU ^}i ^j^ \J\ ^^l^^^l Jl cl4i^ ^^1 <.Ju«i^ 

L^li JL>o ^_^ j_5lJl oLVi dJUu Jais j^I ^ J^^^^^^l ^3^1 J^ jl UJ i^jllll 
jl c_«-vJl iJugJ j^y*-:^ t-u^ c-»jJ-^^ cjs^^ L^y^^ oLI Lijl ^^1 jl (,4-<».^ ^^ 
\ '. ^■>" 1 jj IJiSLai , L^ ^i ^Jl!1 jjfc <L«wiJ Ju->*_^ jLS' jJ L^-S" t Li_.l o^L^ j-r-^ 
IJl* ^ S^-^ -^Jj-* <^^ 'jtr^^ J'^ 'O^^^J-^^ tl^i-^ cr^ ^^ (-y^ 1 g '■■ tf < ilSLt^l 
^^U^a-a olJi AiJl IjjU \jj:> c-oJj -J ^JJl J^r^l ii^ .-^i /tJ*>Lo ^ ^1 (j^r^l 
t (LjJs' tV*^ °^r?*^ ^ "^ L-5*^*" - -^ c^ "^^ ' th-jy^ *^^ *^^^V^ 4.--1j j L i-J jJJ I 

^1 o^ ^""^^A^l j^ ^^1 Jju. (Leben 2, p. 348 - 390) >J^ Li. I 



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(IV) 



.■\Y <JLAaJl Sjj-L^ J_ya. al^jl ^^1 ^"^"^^ 

Sprenger, Muhammed und der Qoran, eine psychologische Studie, Hamburg I — ."a j1 (JjL-S ^^"^ 
.Th. Noldeke a. a. O., p 699ff. *.j-i»j ZDA^G. XII {1 858) 238ff. aij J^j <1 889, p. 58 



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^^ Az][^j (JJL*/? (^_yJ^ (*j^ 4jljL>tJlj *^W^ llJ15' Ju.->s-a p-Uajs^l /j-xi *^^ Li • ^p*-i 
Xil ^5r^l ji (♦-^i^ Lg-^a-io . Lflilj->»» ^^J5 jLi cUUi ^ LgJLi c<JL^I oJla J^p- 

Ji^ Jy j! -u. ^1] ^'» ^""^dJUi ^ (.!ASai ^ ;ii ^\ ^1 ^'"'\ U>j 

.Hartwig - Hirschfeld, New Researches etc. London 1 902 p. 22 \JiJ ^\1 <^^> 
i_.Ui) "^Vi Cod. Lugd. t>ijV j_jj iajt-.^ n fijLeAJi ^ "i j^UiVI Sjj-uJ cgji "^j.'Hj cff-^^, — '* *' ^^^^ 






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bu.A.*jJ ij-*^ jj-«JI (^^*^ . o-b>-lj <LOi C-tLU -Li jj5sJ (1)1 jj-a JLi i _ ^ T i_A*ujj 

M ^_^^^aj^ U-A^ j_^U_Jl lij,\y d\ ^j^ ^_5Jl ty>^l ^1 9j^y ^ \^j^ (*J-^' 

Mj . J ..^"Ta jjh Lo ^2;^ LfljjJi jia.>J Awi»^ s-j-^Jl Aaj^J l» (.jLjJJ Ujb ^^^JL>tJo 

^UJl (5*^^ ^^ •cT'^^-^ ^-v^*-i (^^-J*-^^ JL/ij^ oJbJLi <Jlj^ J'A^ ^ dJUij 
Cols' (c-tUJUj LgJw* iJJuJl) c-* Ln_>^j-liJ I ^yijo jl Lij^jjn^ jlS' .\ji^cJ>^Lj^ ^->L^1 

0^^*^ ^JsLlfl 4-.*-«J 4jp*-<»-w- Jl iJb jj,^jnJl jl jl . 4-Lsi2jLLo cJjJ LgjlS'j t LajLic'1 
(jL lJLiLn-o I .^.f tf.1 1 c-L-U t(fijj-wJl ^ t^j*^' Si*^' (*--«* *>^) o^jii* o»Ltl frL>-o«Lj 
<l^jLj U ^Li;>*Vl iJiA |^[ *ii ^.jj .o^ji-Jl ^^^^1 ^^ J>^ -^ jj-^i (*'>^1 

.Life 1 52, n. 4 (>:,^ ojl^ ^^*^ 



J^^l j\ klllsSx^ olijl ^ oLL) ti-Jl^ ^J^LLa J_4.j»x^ z"*-*^ ^ ^jir^J 

^r^/TA : '^^ ^_j-_;^^_i m/^r : U 3j * iUA/UV cUo/Ul (.AV 

^ li^ jl^I ^ ^^1 jj^JLuJl JJu JLij .(YY/T» : iV -u^^^ ^ ^ :TijyJi 

^ ^^la-uj)' LgJi ^Jj^.^t ojj-^ ^.JLS" ^^■■■.Aj iJLfe v^ li!)Uaj1 jiv*j ^.t*^ t(f-LJ< Nlj 

LJlSUJ '^^ lL>>*j" ^-<J^1 ^ iSy. (^I j' ^^ ^-^^cT"^^ -^^r^^' t>^*^ '•T*'?? T^y^ 
^^"^'TjO A^^l ^.JiCU ^:>l^ t«S^l^ ^*iaA^» ^^^:j^ ^ .MjJL-)) o^^l 

i^jj ft">11 ^ ^j.jJaJI :k'C1x <jLlalJij P,_|-Aii ^ 4aAjJ1» |_fl>LJ JLaJI aJ^ ^ .oajj^n a^ lo^ i I^Jrt,alj La^ <aj.AfJl 

<^j^l fu-^^'j c'"^ "^^ -^ "^^^ ^® ^^^' 'tr!^>*JI -Sf^ (jal f Y \ / r r :Y S^^SJI Sjj^ jj...r. ^ 
j^ ((<jJa4n <A^LuJI wliUI (>o (^1 (_^ ^jIjG V J-»^V1 )iA (>> CjUJS (2,1 it^^LJL jJOa. .N Y N ,j*a f«(^Uiyi» 

S. Frankel, Aram. I 1^^ ,jjL5 .«_)j-uj» ^^ 'i * ^ < "i^ i-aJ^ L4J iiliLc If j .(j^*_aLc. J - i< » J-uol ^^"^-^ 

Fremdwdrter p. 237f. 

.Nac/ir/chfen Kdnfg/. Ges. d VV/ss. Gottingen 1889, p. 298 - 298 ^ Paul de Lagarde ^^^^ 

.Hartv/ig Hirschfeld, New Researches, p. 2, n. 6 ^^^^ 

.G. Sale, The Koran, Preilmmary Discourse, sect. Ill L^l ^"^'^ 



Vi^ c<\lLife Ly^^j ^OT t«jUj)[|))j a c^» c(ZDMG) S^lUl ^ 

^'^'\^\S ^ «^I))j c(TT ^ ct cnr_ THA ^ i^ Leben ^T ^j 

aJljjS)) ('\ o^ f i o^ 'o'^-^ ~ N (j^ iVN t (_^ y'-'*^ 6^') cr'J «,^^ ft -^ n I IjjJiSij o'>*-l' IjJj^h (o Y"\ 

Karl Vollers, t .Xjl (jjL5 .p V j_j*j <A*\ N (_^ tji.1 ■» a ^^IJ n^jJLWn Jj-Lj j-f-*j 6-^ v-*-^ -{o'j-* o"^j 
.*\V _ AV (>a jUa^VLj iVo/kssprache und Schrifrsproche /m a/fen Arafa/en, Strapburg 1906, p. 97 

loA .iiJlLjJl jj-^' f^ ^ cr**^ <LaKJI (J*^ L" <i^'Ul^j *<iAA> llJt tjlij NV :Vo ioUilt Sjj-^j jjj'tj CxaJ 

.jl (_^ rY"l t>a *^ '^ * i u^*^ '^^ Goeje 
rdliilxu^ jj'-" .<jLx]J (>*1 _ ; tl^^jtAJI o^t i^l IoIa .jNV :Vo ioLUI fA* y^VA :\V pIj^VI Sj^^^ ^"^'^ 

> Ae>] .{6»j:?jJi ^ u^i^ o^^' liA .ji^i r'^r A) \v .\^^^ a ^;^^i.«i:UjI^j.,..- j^i jii." 



b^^ jl ^ji^ ^.^^ tdy >vJ*» li^ Jli ll«.j>TL» ji oLIj^l ^ ^^_ U 1^-^j 
fjuwo ?^^>^^^ ^ iJL^Gl ^1jl>*:l^1 Ul .jl^l ^ Cp t>^ l-Uj>iLxt ji kiJJ-L :>j,v!2i<Ji 
l::.^ t«ol^ <:^^ jt-.JL^ <Jl!| Jj^j Ul^)) {ii^ i\ ^^k.,aH =) A» 4 ^ 

4-JLS' jl U^j . oj-w«^ J..^ J ^\ ^jl>JI Sj^ ^^1 s^lJJl j^ olj-5-Sl Sj*^ 

-UlJj^l jl3 ^'^^\ Y^>LJi U^^ls ly))j ^'^'^^((.^)LJ1 o->G Jlp ly)) iij^l SjL-JI 
^'^^^ta'ibtt; ^i^^) vb'^^ (^^Li) e^Bf ;^i USj «Iy)i ^ U ^^UJi jj^l 

oJJl jl ^-^r^J • L/2^! W:r^ J ; 1^ ■ ;: 4.-*i-i jt-SUJU t«! ia-P» ^Ui ^^^^Ijo JJ 

^_ji^L dUij tftUL^)) ^^yi lLj (\J) «*ip J^l ^U- Jl ^y^ ;JL^I 

.Y ("^ • 1 <^U^I i\ ojj (TA (_>^ Schulthep 

(^^jji^l Jji^iuVl (_j-fl Y ^_^ (N A^ ^__^ r«4^jLjLj|» yb^ (^jjiljJI f J j ...Vl j_jJ T (_^ (N Vo ^^^ (hLLj^JIb ^ ' 
Cj j'v" ULuJ 'tj M i ft ^ u^) *^-la-^**lj^ SjUxJl (_f^>lJl (jiJ^LiJl j'ttij -Ijl^aj '^ '\T I N V^ T (jl>o£. Jl Sj^-u* jjjjia't 

4i4 t:;^ .J^^ c^:^ ^y-^-ifl J^ <i^j.H«-«> ^^ f^iL^l 4^^ u* •• Goldziher, ZDMG 46, p. 22f. ^^^ ^^^' 

L^t (X>^ ■"Lij' S?^ Lli-iLfiLL* jlj.>JJ ^1 ^^"^ 
C. Snouck Hurgronje, Rev. Hist. Relig. Tom. 30 p. 62, 1 55, Mekka, vol. 2, p. 225, n.3. 



Cj^y>-jJI ^^jIjco Oj^>t^ (♦— i^ t jLsi: Jj twills')) Jj^Lj j^^ij^; ^ «jUy)) jl 

^Ul cLiL- tiJJij (U^ /Uo :T IJJ\ n :Yo jli^l cY/(4jli^|)> ^_^)j 
/iA : Y ^ pL-J^I ^ • /of : Y e^^ J I ojj_^) ^^^j^j JjjLa J..S-0 t jj^^l 

J-sj^Lf ^_^| l^Jij Uwo t4jaJb::iwJl k-a. J LJ I cjlijN li-J jl^l i^jJl^l t^-ih^tj 

t]ji^ ^\ 4jyt^^>Jl 5-t>J*>UJl j.vi2l^J .^^1 Jl 0_^ Lo i-^jil <.kj?\a./7\ 4 4j^Ip 

L5* l5j-^ - ^-^-J^^^ Ut^ (*"^ "^^^^ aUI jl 1^ t^jJL-*^! <ib>T»Jl jJsLiJl eJlA L^ 
UU .S/U^l I^JLp ,^^^ iLc- ULL^ U^ jlj_ v'L;:l^^I o^UJl ^ JJLi 
jJ ^_^ .J^H^y*^ U^^l ^IkJl ^^Ua^ jT>ll jL dJL.w*jJl JjS/1 <^jJLiLj 
jj^ j^ *J *-^ jl oLJI Jj lfJ!>\j^ ^ jj-J-*^l (^y*— u j_yill c-jLIj^I oJ15 

A. Geiger a.a.O. p. 55f.; Siegmund Frankel, de vocabu/fs in anf/quis Arobum carminibus el in 
Corano peregrinis, Dissert. Lugdun. Bat 1880, p. 23; Fr. Schwolly in ZDMG. 1898, p. 134f. 

'.\l <V :N ^ ^1 !Y1 :r <j^jj fVA :V> U^ ^Ho) 1^(09 lv«^otfi^ ^oloT^Otft; iilLijJl Jj^I j^I 

oJ^I jo->. J^i->..Mj .(> -iN Yj > • -.V L^l f■\^ :N li^) tf«WT|^ta .(N o A ^^^l^^l ;M :\ ^^^jlj^ 
^ L^ ^jija -^ ,^j, ^jlj^ oJUl U .(1 Y/ 1 N J Y^ AJi\) A JUiVl Sj^^^ ^ J^j^ ^>^VI ^^ix^L. 

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Schulthep <^ ^iJI JULJl ^ ^>ii t^^V* ^Ijh^I U .MY _ NT^ ,\ „^jA\ ^jj^b ;YAY _ YV^ 

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.(^1 (jjla. <*j»j J,>a. J n->flH < N * Y (j^a f Y r fSjJbLSJI 



j:S\ ljbja^\ Ol (JU Jjb iJUb . «^Li» ^^ aJLp Ijili?! JUj>,^ f^"^^ t>^ 
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jLi^ljil V-^ UJu;^^! ^}^^^\ ^\sj^ ^ jh ^\ l^y^\ ^\JlJ\ Ji^- Nl 
^^1 oy ilj>Jlj ^-AijJl c-jLo*)Vp f-LjLj Jj cy*-tJi t_5^^y ^•'^y L5^ 5>u-:uJl 4-aJjj! 

O^L^j t «ilj-<Jl j^^;,<iAj ^2;^^*w>tlJ 4jiJlj 4^;-oJbl o!i ^Jlv^UJI jl Ujj . (l«j>t«Jl 

j-a cJlaj c^Ljl f-lj^l oLij^'lj to^^^SUl ^JsLlJI -^ aJUaII 4iy*^j toU^ii >»-_^la.aS 

.L Goldziher, Abhand/ungen zur arabischen Phi/o/ogie 1 , 57 - 83 (Leiden 1 896) jjjLS ^^ ^^ 

U.ftHI Lai .((I)) L^l ,_^ ((I 1 » JiiJj jjJjijJIj LttKJ) 4jL^ <S^^>ab. i-fl_t4-^" jA ^-^ mil <lf_>ij iJijJI j^i La ^1 ^ ' 

^jJL5 f«jii» (jjjj j_ji£, Lpl jl <de Sacy IgUfll i Lo£ «jkj^» (_>ujJ) kj^j^JIw ^^-t-if La (oL^^a^ i_flLu3JLj < 'tU <^ail 
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cod. . _ 6^ VI ^j Ai.ttJ ((jLo-AJ a-a-xl Jft-h rt (Jjia-j) uj ui* II Cjl*-l,^>iJl ^ j-iJJ^ *_iUi^» '.(^jjjjjl ^jJ^ -Jj-}^ ^^ 

'^ i>j ; -■■ 11 fPeterm. I, 1 59; cod. Sprenger 382; cod. Goth. Moller 65; cod. Gofh. Moller 65 

<((J iV.tftll)i '(jj -^-^ "jH 'Y^ S _ YVV (Y ^ 'jVjj IxJa i4jjjj-Lu Lftj^^laj t^iijjl jciji .^1 Y> • j_j^ ((((jLLiyi)) 

<(jJojJ_uJI fY <Ca.j <Y0 iSUj ("^O U^ ^ JajU-^o ;A*\ J.j.ai (iiiJVl (diLa jjjl 'JJ^ "^ * (_>-a *Y ^Jj^ tjj-ft-k't 

(_fl SJjIjJI C<Laj.Li ftJl J-L^ajl (jjU -JJ^ ' ^ U^ H(i^\jLty\» 

Ewold, arab. Grammatik I, 373f., II, 335f.; W. Wright, Grammer 3, II, 368 - 373. 

<L-<aLflJI AjtA .ij jkj-aJlJ) (jJfi. ^'mu .j'V'W j_y3 (rttljliiyiM (jjJojj^l f i O § A J.^all («<.a.A5yJI» i^jj^l,-^ ^\ ^ ' 

IjAjuJL LtL-;*. ..u -Lftki <ijrt .it"ii ^.n ..u (2,1^ 1j) Lot .(1^0 (J-a^ ((j^jLUVI)) j«-^(j *l>)»-«i- (_H^ u'->^'^ <«<jiL5» Liil^l 



iJUJl j_y3 US' LiJl Vf^ ^IpU- JUiVlj <^U-Ai*^i ^waJ (_^ A>*j:iJl JUjj cjIj 

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(Wright, Grommer 3 C^\ o^^jlAJ) iJUJI ^ l^L^l IIa jj^j .^I TT/ f^^L*. lo^ <UI jIJ IjU aj>^'j 

: JllJl J;j^ ^ j^ ^J .11, 369 B) 

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(2).^)Sj1 <j i^ti juji'il Lo IjI a.^aj i.fl iiAS, ffJLui (^j 

<U ^^A^L^j^ \l&j y j \ ' :\ ' \ ^j[^\ Ijj^ ui^» = (.<1a)) |j^ .jYA ijYo £J^<\ :A«\ ^UJl Sjj^ ^^^'^ 

.jXjjiHj < ■^ (.oil jj^ LlAjI 
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Wright^ *_jIjS ^^ «^^l^l i_maJj» j^^) C\j^ i^Li^^ j^ ^i^jL^ '-'j>=^ <jiliJl oVL^ o'=**j j^^' tj^ J^*^' 
.frU j> Vjj jIj jl jlj (> Vjj 4jiLflJl ^^ f-L s,^j.r-,flti ^ji jji j^l jjij Vj .(opuscu/o arab/ca 57 

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: Vo A-dLJjl 6j_^ ^ T £ _ ^ : 1^ oL>Jl Sjj-^ ^ (*^ t^- ) pLa jl ^J^jj^^ c-Llj 
V^UJI ^jjtA CJJ^^ :A» ^j.^ ^ u _ 1 :V^ oUjUl 5j^^ ^jjU tjj^ 
Sjj-^j t<^,jLi L^ LflS'j c ^ • £ 5>-fJl ^ ^ * ^ 4^jUJl ^ M _ A t _ ^ : AA 
Li^p- ,-./a.^ ;^JLJI ^\^J^\ ^j-saJ1 «Jai-<Jl ij^j U ijiUj . ^Jl* ^^j t ^A 5.1-Ji 

«-a -J^i^j^ ci-^^ ^-jjJL»»Vi J-^^-*i Jl?-j-iJ 5--«jJL 1jl>- -^i^ t tj^jjii-fl Ju5^-^ J J-. J 1 

^^^yi:ip^j toAp-lj Ijji ^\ pLw^iJI Sjj-^j 61^^>*^ Jl ojj-^ Vj>» AS' ^^j tolj-« o*>^ 
o^^LuJi <u>>>Jl j^^--j1 ^J Lai . UUj aL«jN1 6jj-^j oJlSLJI *jj-^ z*^ f'^>^^^ ^^ 

<Ua*-l^ 4Jj g ... 1 L»_AjLu /j-^-«-i t J-^ljjjJl *^ jLpjJ Ja^ ^j-^J <-JJU»jl jj,«Jlj 
t j J ^ ^^^r.f ^__^J t *7*^ aJL»j«JU*««J 1 Cj LqJLxJ I j Aj jj»«JJ 1 AJi \^\\ \ O l5^jp>J i 

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^S^Lji *Jai3l ^ Si^^j^l Aj^i e^lj ^-^L:l, V aJ^V t ll-li IL^ aJL^Uil 

iUiiJi jc^-i ^ . v^I ^ ^ jT^i ^Ua^ jj. a^uii ^h ^ .^%^\ 

jUj^jJI 5jj-^ fJlScJ cfc^ • LfcL«j» L^^J ^ijoc*Jl vjljUJLSUI A^^ ULs-l Jjlij 

rv 



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^JoJl jLjL>-i W \W ^L>Jl oj^^*- ^ *JL) >tJj . latfi ^Ju^LLll L>-1 -^ j_ft 

. c-.>tj 4-Jl>-1^ c^lw*! "yj <u«*x5v« 4j>t*zi5^ jLxp J I /r^ -'^^ oJL>-i J *>tj Aj c ojj-«J! 

. -fOU^ U c Jwi ^ Jjj t *Iilo iJU^li j^^ -U^ J^ JLrj \^ ^^\ jv-mS* 



:(jj';^v ^ t«oLi:)(l))) jT^I ^ Jj^ ll^ ^JJuJ^ '^b^Crt-*- 



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JjiJi IJLA Jjy>-1 j^^^J '^j^^, b\j^\ ^_^ A»JLitI-.v^ ^Ju^liJl jL O^^lxj p ^'/fJ>^ 



^ JJJ^^ tJj)o1.i.>»oli JJJ jlj .(^^l«J jjjjJt]! jj£. (^jjjJl IjjLiliJ «p\\ijn)) (jA«.ill LaI^^ Loi jh Hfrl'ij Ml)) jj-a VJJ 

<>_il."i<ll JJ>1- ^>^ lJt» J!La otjli^ll jji LajMi V t)jjU VI (jl>5Jl ^J-^ ^><.ill Joa'i i.ij ^ Ijft-k o (jl jJjJ ^ ' 

.VA § .UjLuu j^J-JI ^ ^ ■ r. ft il ((^j_a^l ;*\"^ § Jl a -> 11 ^Lii .^^jL^Jj ^ M(^l>3i.Vl |»>>4l <>-.t ..."> 11 J^J-u* 
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jk!klUI Jl ft»". ...I (^jUi <J JUjj ,^I jijN 1 ,j^ <1 (N (jfl-w^) dJi-ui (>jl ' A § A J^-ai <^^l <_,ll5 <A <V § 

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a^j (CiLlJI jIjj (oUj LILsj <o^-*VI 3j^ f^e^ (*>*■ ^' u'" *"^ § ^'^^ "T*^ 'cSj^-^' H^j-^ ■<-.» (ji ^j^l 

ij;aJ ^^_^l ,>A^ ■ fll'i-^^ -T^-H^j {S^ '*^ j^^HL-uJJI (jjLfl) *«JLJI <£L-ilj .JIJ-.JI 5^j <JLflj JJ ^i^ 

.1. Goldziher, Abhond/ungen z. orab. Phitohgie I, 68 U^.! (jjli .VT § jU^I ^.itli 'csj^kJI 

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jjjj5JlJ1 ^yaJi ^^ A-*^l (^1 (_y^*--^ ^^ Jjy • ^^ v^-^ L^t-'^ ^^^^ 
<^^pcJI iww5^L c-a5^1 ^^-^i Jb-b>J ^jS -h^ ^^^ 0^ • ^^ J^ ^^^ 

^j c(r^ ^rv cr* ^t^ cU c ^i o^^ii- o\ ,i* ,ry cTt c \v ,\o 
_ Y^ cT^ olS?i ov ^^j^i 5jj-^^j t(5^ r\ ^oi-.^K; u^j ^NiT^^Li^ 

^ j^_ c^LNl ^>^ /^ .TV cYl c\o/\n oLNl» \V/\A c\\ oLNi 

't5Je->^' f > V § J^l JSLAi fj^^iJI jj-L-=uJl (^^la^jlll f«Sfrl^i ii.^ ^Ln 11 § «JSLa-iJI» (^i*jlll ^^"^^^ 
ll«^ J jjiiS'ifl (> .V^ c>UijlUI 5jj-- Jja. .Cod. Lugd. 653 Warn ;A § Y J.-ai .(jf^l JlLiJ <«SliA^>. 

/A) lYi ^lJJLJUlf(^Y^ A\') :rv oUU^i ;('\a .vo/vi _ ri/rr <>o) :^^ ^^^ s^j^^^^Sli. ^^""^^ 

rO-X ^UiJal^lf(^l<jVl/VA <'M/-\'\) :V >^^^^\ '\j\\' <j>Vl .J^ ^A <j> Y^ .J^Y^ ,j> -Y .j^V *jV 

.(M .VY/Vl) 

f «^)-u*j)ij a J t.m.e.'A (j^ (jt^ll :M o J 1 1) (YV (_j<o (A iZa\ 1 11 <YY ,_j^ < 1 Ci j j II fY i (_j^ (^ AAA Ci,x>^ 'o'j:*^') 

_ ^^LiiJI A Mil (jjJ tjjo _ j° J 1*1 a II n_gj">''fc t II < ml n -h (c-*) «t^l rt-aJl (_J^iibj 5Lij»Jl ^^^^^J^n Ij^xJij i-t f^ nl iVi i 

t_j>^j SjjiaJI <^>^B :Y CiJj^S ^^ ^ (_>*3 (Thorbecke (3:iia^ tucjljl iA>floti» ^ <i.b^ f, ^*^ *^t ^V* Y *«(jLijV1n 






Y <_^ (« N ^ ^^ jtl n. A (>jl f(N i (j-a) OA Ooj rO Y (kij (Ahlwardt J^ia^ (JjjaJI) (J..j a 11 ^! fajaj .r>ll 

tjjU ;^j-li£.j j-^^ \h\ j\ho :Y S^^iJl -^^jj l^j^ ^ • :Y> pL^VI 5j>xo ^I .IjjKjtn jjli dUjLLxol 

.N • <V -AY J^l fV -Ao 3:ilkJl Sj^xu 

^_yu <y\ (j-a ijjijj tjjj ^1 tJjl-5 . ^ ; N • 1 S^-'fc^l bjj-Lu\ ^S j-U SJ-La* ujLS d_>^ (3^-^ '-* lt^I ^L*^' 
dJj^^l^L-^.(ol :oo (^^jJliAA/A^ :0l i*il^) fTV :Y1 j^l!lY/ir rY- ^^j^l M ^ :NY ._Lu.je 

M * Y :Y ajljJi Aji^^-uu) #v2jjjLa*j ttOjjLAtt J!La <<ji jmTiII iJJt i_it HI) ujj^ our. < Uflill < g jl MM ft frlrt Jill ^-A^ 

.(jjYa . y YiV :Y 5^t 6j>u.) ^o^LL^j ^o^U.^ i{i co^Jl .Yo (^j ^Y • i ^j^ *Ahlwardt 

Orientalische (^JR. BrOnnow ^ja-^' <«i^jlj-aJlj f^L^VI *_.LlS» *(. _-* T^o o) cj-jLa t>j .w-^l ^^^^^ 
*Lr^jj '"^^ fStudien, Theodor Noldeke zum 70 Geburf stage gewidmet, Giepen 1 906 I, 225 - 248 
^AX\y 6^mL«<iUl <ii» .^UUI f^LuVI ll^^x^ ^Jl^ <X - S -WK ^A .NYAY jVj^ U^ m<^>J)» 
((jIaUJI jjl^I ^Ji IjjU ,jl5 tji4;*I^I (jl Ja^ J^ ->:^^'^' 'j-*J -u "J '*>"'!> (_,J *JY^ 1 (j^ f^L:i*ifl ^^ tX 'T 
M. Grunert, Die AiUierof'ton im .(j^U. ^IjS ^^^ i:aJU_aJl jaJLi«j iJLui^l 6X4 .lL».V S^jilj J^m t.I <:iJ 
j_lj_j (A/tarab(5chen (Verhandlungen des 7. Orientaiistenkongresses Wien 1886, p. 183 - 237) 

.jYN> .^- - Y- ^ 



Jjj1\ J-^I yj 

iL^S/1 Jl OV i,Nl J :»ji^l a^! :»^^j .(J \y I \\) o^.i* li\ ^\^i\ 
_lV/nAoL;Sfl^ ^LJlj c(oU i/o) ll/lV_nr oL'iill ^ ^^Ij 

J-s.:^^^ U iJufej .^2rr^T ^ ^Lx: ^jV a»^l^ (^ /V _ ^ /X oL^ll) J^^JI 
dU n) ^T • _ ^ '0 oL^ll c(i.irO ( VT - n^ oL.N|l c(U oA/ov) nn 

_ n» oL-^fi i(4_,T w) ^ov_ \i\ ouS/i c(^T n) \rA- nr ouvi 

^y>- Lg-^j-s^ <jLsL"J (ijl^Uoi ^ »0 4_)*yi J-a) 0^^-^Nl 4-«.,.»JtJ| A-tlixJl ^ 

j^j <-j^ OjLdj Ja>-'>Lj it^y>-i ^-g-5r ^j-« .SijiJl «-Uli<Jl ^j^ jJLfCji ^j^\^j 
jr «j^uJi„ fY <^jji<Yr mijA ^J^^ (oi^ui ^ .j,i>Ji jsLAi n-m) SAn ^.«5ii.s.-« f^ o^i 



4-pJLj "^1 IJLft ^j^j • ^^ (j^j-Ji ^lOiJi ^liijl JU-1 ^jJ ^-b»-j ^I jSSj] 

jljo Ij^ <.ijl J5U ^ip- lju.>t^ jl 4jjUJl *bljjJ! y^\ . ll^*^ ^cJ^jU^ U5 4 v^ 
Jw?! ji *w«^^ y^ UJ^ c«-i^^ Ju>- Jlp 6j>^j ^^^ <■ jijiJJ jJL^rJi c-*J^I jLj 

^ j^^' L/"^^^' 1 J ^■"^■>- -^ <CjL>i^.s^ t-Jj^ <^'j ^ '-J^^' *4^ >^^ t^^ J-r^ *■ **^r^ 
Lft^^Jai^ ^yvp- jljiJl ^ x-Ulia aIjIjx-*^ (Ji^ *>^ lJuj>t^ jl Lij Lo l^^-iS'j .ft^lJJl 

^t^L-)/! j.<>^ J>-:i Cnr**^ . jj-Ju^l iSjji ^ t Jaii 5^^ C-tLI ^ clgJulSCj 

. ^Jb»Jl iJiA '^\jji Jjj jl U jli' lil IJla ilij::^ jT^l ^ *I?lia cjJl>-j 

.6Lijl ^1 fkli: i^]J\ il^ .A^iUt L^ i«>tJI <«Jj3U) c^Ll^I.) .^o^l^l ^'''''^ 

«6l>*J' LpL-Ai .^^jUJI .Sale, pre/im. disc. Sect. 3 CxJ^ 'Journ. As, Dec. 1843, 375f. ^ ^ ^l^ ^^^^^ 
.iJliUl jVilL jkljill (^jjJ t>» < Jaii U>.ui'i (jj>i-^ <^j.>.t. Lui dj ^1^ j-jli • ^ "^ § 

(Not. et extr. 8, 1, U\\\ Jja. <5^j cJuAjH \ ."^ i1 4j^l^ j^ylatl ij^-i » jjl <1SUJI iiij^l ^^i a^ Llil ^^ ^ ^ ' 

.Jjih (j^jUJl JiAil j>u^ J^\ (> <jI:;UL ^ ^^^ ,';,\ lilitLL) .357) 

,Y • <da Sjj-i^ (^dJ aLijI jjtjl ^ * 



i1 



cJlS" <JL>Jl t^-Joj jL)^ oi jJb "^j ^ fij-wai ^ Jj^ l5"^' C-oU ^]^ jLlp- 

. i^...<?i <-^jJi 6^;lijl ^\ lg.^h.w„.o ^ -ij^ toJj>-lj 

tA^ oJiii5-i tiJJl t^'U^I LglSLi v'^j^' ^-ULiJl ^ IjUj>,^ ji ^ Jj Vj 

4-oJuitl**j 015 (^JUl ^-j-^ (^i ^jr! "^^ -^^ t_^ ^^ OjJ^j-Jl fijj-^ nS^aji JU^>^ 

Sitzungsberichte Akad. Wien 1900 vol. 142 ^ .4^ 4 aU n J^^^ <^x]>i -o 4^jJ j_*^1j^I (X>^ ^ * ^ 
(_,-a (Y jlI^I i^j*^ (^LJ iNA (_j«<YYi (_ya(t '^j^^ -^ ^ (j- (V* Y (_^ i^\ .^ai j^l fAbhandlung 5, p. 65 

j-luIh <jjiVI i^ J^ VAY (j-a <N 45^>JJ!) .u-^ ft v^^ ^-^^ ^>4 {*o "^^.'j .(Sprenger, Leben^ III, p. XXXI) 
I'Acad. des Inscr. L, 332, Anm. d. Mem.; iVV ^j^ ijiilLuii jjS^-i ^'^- ■/jj"). '(;5jj^I '^i-^l J.>=>' raijUJI 
oji^ Cys\ 4^jJ JiL^^l tjjU .-OiL^j Ip^ j^^VI ^_^ l^>i AJj (Not. Et extr. 8, 1, 357; Weil, n. 552 



uLh*^^ jiJ^ 

U^ c^^, ol •>Ui ^ ol5 J^ ^^^^^ JdU J^ U5 diJi JLp a^jL d\ U 
t<J^ J^ U iJj^ J_p" *^^j ^ jr^ <lSj JUj ^-.^s->» o'I^UJI 01 t JjU (%-^Ji 

oJu>-L-M- (jJJi ^^^:>tJuJi jj-^ Ot-^vj ^ j^ *J 4-jj-aJl ^IJUb^^l ^_^JLp j 1q tf 1 L 
Ajij jl jljiJi ^iJj-«J L^L«^ j^5o *J . <iJL>o ^ j^r^' cf^ ^^ ^ J^ t jljill 

U5 c L^jpLi::. jL5 Lo Jl oLiU»l ^l^L UL^l ^Li <jl J^ JUl JlJl U^^ 
Jl jL<kp1 ^1 <,^j>^\ ^ IjJLxi ^JUl dkljl jT_^l rcjj ^;^^ :*u^ly>l ^-— b 

^ Jbj Ju>J>*-« j-a! LaJC^ ^ LXjI 1 ^.^;;'A.:I (*>^^ '^^ ^M ^-^^ *^J^ ^ ^ J JUj>«^ 
/j-« AjJL**^ *lLhj jj-fi „<? o 11 Lg-i ^-lll**j ;_yJl C-jLjJLxJ! ^ya-*-; t , tf; ..^j oLj C— jU 

JU-?^-o La'^^J juslaJI Ju^ ^j>J • Lgjj-*ij ^ j;>,/g^ jl (jjj^ ^j^j ^^ l5>'^^ ^ws>1j-*j 
CjJLp- ^I IJlaj _ jl t L^^-^i^xj ol iljl A^V Ul wAiJbk» jjwaj ^^^^^jAizit^ tj^^' J* 

.J5I jl ^1 jjLi t^^l jIjLjVI t^--a^> J^ ^^1 i^l 6i4 <^^ LSj^ (ji^ .K. 42f. 2ndi, Ed. 53 ^^ ^""^ 

* ~ ^ ~ 

Mem. de I' Acad. d. Inscr. L, 424 ^[1 .^V :i ^L-ill Sjj^ jUhjj.,.fl'i ^^ cgj> "^j.'^b 

a 



to jli^l ojj^ 6f-\ji ^_yJLp LiJb>-l jv^jSoJl ^ |»L1aj ^,-«^ jl oj-^i tf'j-s^j-^l 
jT^l ol LLc« t Jj^:^! ^.;.«*^*o ^*^i^l V^>^ (*-^ ti-^^ cFT-'' Jl ^-^^-^^'^ 

^j_<k^ jLiJs La j\jJ' ^^^J-tf- ,^^5-:^i **JL*JaJ tk-jJL^L cuj«Jwi jl ^L>-j ^JJl 

J-w^UJ ^LlJl ^j^l li^N ^I - SVJL. iJliJl ojj^l ^lJlp JLg-U L. !Jlaj 
i^^isS •yj kj\ ^j2:l^\ ij_?L*.wo /^l c^l JU (^^jsij /jj jLjj /^ ... 'J ; c^j-'"^ 

j_^ Ul^ Lo Lit>L>- iJ-S'j 115 ^_^'\j^\ jr^^^ jl ciJlii IJlS'j \1S L^ljili 'lUI 
^^^ i]fyl U5 Ulyl Jli ^^ Ui>Jl Jt^ ^j-o^ ^Jj ^_^ ^/J JU ^^''^^l 

^-vi»l>- '■ ^^rr^ ^"-^^ 'j^^ ^J •^^, 2i,w5 /yv^Jl*^! u-jI::SJLj ^—"--^ c aj j g . .> * o^^^^aj 
jl t«^^! oc^ ^J^ Jyl jTyiJi iJufc ol» <ijU]l oLjLS^l ^^:.jw rl-Aii J^^ ly 

.^ix^l ^(JiLuii J^J^V <£ ^:^U.nQlt) 1 oV .> pi,.. ;{<^jl_^l ^\j^\ J^ ...J YTV <£ ^:^L all) 

Mem, de f'Acod des /nscr f^l .uA SjL <«<jUJ1 ^hj j^^ j;^! . N <^^t *N A iili^l t^ ^jjIs^I thLc ^\ 

.^Jt L, 425 

A ^js}\ fVV § ^luil ,^Ua11 lY J..^ V ^L. .Jj^\ j!,LAi <«Sl£^i«„ ^ V § J>JI JSL^ *^xL^ ^^^^^ 

.jj A ;j« * YV • (_^ . ^ .V (3ia-o) A*^ ^^l t^oJ ^ ^ 

(t^jj^lnuli 3rA^ (>> djjj' ^» J^' ^* (A- Neubouer, Geograhpie du Talmud p. 362) Trbffi 'l*->^^ 

to 



jl^i jjju 



J I (.5^1 (,A^^j^-^\j fUjJ:^\j j/?..,<^5li ^_^j t jljiJl ^ ^^ ^^1 4iJc>^l ot--«Jl 
aa^^I f-ljiU o*-l^l JsUJi ji (,(a^\j ^_^U-« <^^j Ij-aU? t_f^j^) 4iJLi>c-« jL?co 4jh.«^ 

j^^i ju jJi ^^!^l iJL* 01 t no ^ t«jU;^i)) ^_ ^oUii ^1) ^>^:>ui 

Ajf-ly JJ>^ Ji^i jl j_^ L« ^°*''y ^-^' cT^ KcijJ-'^ -tj^^ fj\ iL^N ^L-v^ 1 



Cod. Lugd. 653 Warn.; 1671 = W. Pertsch,) ;<.u^ j_J.j-Jl ^^ ^^^^1 ^*\ «yJUJI» !<e^ j>»l ^'"'^ 
fPeterm. I, 553 LjU^ ^ <^^j ...11 jj ,„i~\\ f^j^^l j>j (>aA>!l aj^ (^j^ L^Li^ fKatalog No, 544 

.(r <^^) ^^ <515^I ,N o«\ ,> .Peterm i^jL^) j^l ti;j>JI ^1^ o^Ui ^^'°' 

lAjjjjiVlj Jji~;'-tij <^Lj^ij <j-ujjLiJlj (^^jLaJJh <Ja^ <-^^lj <jilijjjlj <iJ>iJl ^ ° ^ 

n 



jT^I ^i ^ 



. *u*^ ^jjc<Jl i^^jj t LaIj^ 6^ji>> C-»UJ^ 



J (^b tlr* ^^ ^ W^ ^-s^l>- <>t^ (/^l '— ^t^^j 4^lj->-j AJLS'j J^ji) La!jlj>- J I 

jT^I 1^ jli" Jj^-^ jl ^^UJI AjJj^L; oUl^l lJ^L^I j^ U l^j 
cJL^ ^1 .I^MI ^ci^^'^ ci') (oUl.j ^ J5 J jI) ;i^ J5 J^^l Jl^ 

iL-i ia.d.^1 bU K^r^' 0^ c^M ^1^1 jli" lil IJl* 4 cJy Ji ,J^r^l cUJi 



ij( 5^^ J^ <1* ._>IUj (IjI iiLi^-uJl ^ ^\^ (pU oLaKJl 4jljj ^ (_iJl JS 3^aJu Jab.jJI dJj (|jlS L»Li .<'i_>< n 5jijiiJ 

^j."»ftl5C j;;,! *iUj ^^Jl i_iL-ij •(j>i-l oLaK jLij^l ^1 jl-« i-^j (ji tlXJ^^ lh- vjila.rtlt Jiilll ^-xij ^\ djl <«G^^ jjlli 
(J^jiij (^l^ 4-1) <it (jj^ t^JJI oj >» H L O ^jj' o,>^ (j^ Jj flt f i l l _^jx. jj-oj .*tL^LiJ1 (^Lij^iiij ((^UaJI))j kj^UJIh 
.Lfit UL<M 4fll"^ rt i<iK JLuLliul kiUj (2>^ "if"^ J-j-aij iaiiiH ^^ li^ lajalt li^JAj Jq^^'m aJ i«jjla.» Jjj «(_^)) 

Jjjuftj <illSj j$^ ^ ■Aj.c h j ijiij^ jl -^c^^J '^^*^J ^'^'-^^J J:^J-*J J-^lj "^Llij o*^^ J^^^ ^^ (j " ■■■ " 
JjjL>^l .JLLj L&S (H-J^ x«^ ^j^^ aij 'tjj'>*j ('•*,^'i^' ^.i.^'iLH ^^ -^j^ V (^*) 'u^jJ (^'^ £-» -1*" 



iV 



*-k«-o ^ l^ia:>Jlj ii-^ *U*AJ ^^^1 ^1 4i:3-*y (^^ V*^-? •0^*''j^' ^-3*>1::>-1 Jj^ 

ISl .(M : T ^5--^_>S'j ^ : T ^v..,JI ^ !Aia) J^^l Ak*>.l^ ^i■^„^^^ ^^r^' 
/^ iwJ^^l ^jgtfoH l-LgJ 4-oJL>cZ«*<Jl ^y*J^ 4.JL5111 (J--L13I L^jI jU- <. JJJi ^^B-v^ 

_ ^ '. ^LJl O Ip j.^iJ>s-<J I Jl <p^ j-^,*Jw*J 1 C-jLNI ,♦-.. a.j tf-j-^j^l iJufc cJjLj 

ijaj eJ^ ^^1 oL^i - T coT^i ^ Ll; cJiiij Lls:^ cJ^ ^1 oLNl 
wU>x^ aJj (^JJI Jw^-lJl oLi l^^ij*-* toljiJJ ^l^i JXjJI j^^ -V-— 4x31 iJi-A -^-*^ 

.NAT) Wo ^ ,«5li^i^« ;6j.iAX. 2-^1 j^j Y <:^^l AY ^ili^l .^^1 *r «^^L^I» ;(iJ«U JiL^ ^YtV 
ll4 J fo —'; '.flj.^jj To V *\ ,A .Not et extra ; N M ^^ *«(jU:VI» ! N J^-ai «^jLi.j-iJl ^(^l^Ilt'ifl ^U 

Carl Brockelmann, Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur, (jjLS) I 't'l ."'% n ^jj >iji« 1 .'Aj^ ^j ^ ^ ^ 

\rN-\ s^UJI a<Jj:>iJI ^L^U .yjo^ljJI ^L;i ^U ^ j^^^^ln^l li4j.(vol. 1, 192, Weimar 1898 

.YV (j^ <G, FlOgel Jeia^ ^|kj^l ^jjl o^^ ^i f^j-uij-Jl lift J^^j^i. t5_>^l JUtl j^JJj • -* 

(Mj^LLVlw '\ (_j-a (N (_A N YAY Sj-ftL5Jt <xJa <«(j>nft-^il f^jtjtt <4^j51j jloJ (3jLi .JJ^ (j-a (SjJSlSJI <a_ik ^ ' 

iA 



^_^^ <3Ui>l .ojUi^- «u ^li jjJJ! jl^l ^L^>j>r ^l Lvij jjii ijM^ J-*-*^ j' ^c^r^^ 
^j l>-j-«J^ ^^^^^ Cy* ^jir:^ \^J^ tAlli i-J^ jj,ia>-MLj t jj-o-L»w<Jl ^^*:>j ^dJLJi 
(•jJjCi ^\^^\ \1a JlP' . L^l ^IjJl olJLii} <J-<>^i L^-Uli OJLA3 ^1 oL^l 

*JJb Jb^ jjj 4>-^^-wJuJl c^ljMl o^li iJLsj*-! A*-^j . LfJ e5^ *^^^r^ c>^ ktoJbJl 
Jb>-N 1-^.: I L5 jl dUj ji 4_i*yi oJLA opI^ jS' AjL>t_s^l JUj>t-« ^^^:> j^c-^jJ y>'^\ 

AJ U^l Jl5 015 ^\ OljniJi CjLiI (^-b-i 4,**>i.U ^.JaJi |JUj>«-a 01 t 4j>t-s.<aJ I 



<iiU A.t iii'JL <j.aJil jj UiJJ Lua^ ^,_j-tij-JI Ijjb J^^ i>l>iJt C^J^ U*=*->^ u' - JJ° ^ "^ (-»^ (ajjUuVU ^ ^ 

: i pi I II 'til 5jj-uu ojii (jl (_y-*^ ' ^ -^ S '^'-'^J f(5 jLijJI tj! ^U-0 aLaIaVI .j^ ^_^^ jj^*^^ (j-" -SjjijiJI ^jLjJj 
<jVI ii* jjl jj^jA£.J>j Lfculj (jl JL5 1 o j'lr <jjl cf*^j (_r"~- C>^' L^ jjt.-^. (jj J>j*.ni (2>^ •..» :oLi.j_LulAj1 (j^ ^ /'^ 

^ * * / ^ ' '\ :Y S^>1jJ1 S^JjuJ 6_j_> m^'i ^^^i ^^>^iajl ,__jOjAJjj .«(_^ljJI (jjt^ La-a Lfjilj Ci-^i <n't Lo OJlj Vj Ci-> ni't 

(jj jjliJI aasJ wLjiS) ( ^ ,cod. Peterm i\ - * / \ 'A cT S^^SuJI Sj^^^ j.j ma" ^^i (^^^oUlj i^j\ lAjill (ji_jL5 

I. ;0 > ,_^ *«{jUjyi» !(«UJI ixA (2^ JiLujrf <^jia\ft.Hj ji-uuLjJI ^_ji _A i T^ iLu* j_yi j_^.^iAjl (^jloiJl ^Us 

.Goldziher, Muh. Stud. //, 20 

Marraccius Prodrom. Pars 1 , p. (jjU) <N Y ^^^ (S^UJI <jlA, f<d]) l^ (^J ^jj ikA.ia^ J^-i la.. ml ^ ^^^ 
otflj lilJj jj«.n..o ^1 Lb <jll5Jl *^Uli.l ^ jj* ... o (^1 ,_.^»"> jjit jjxa^ ...j-^j .Ijj'w <(42; Weil n. 597 
i_i p-jlj (l);^j^j \ * • / ^ ' '\ :Y a^^ljiil Sjj-loJ ,jjia__>ill jj 1.15*1 ^^ > fll't-^ o J'C <u t *Lt^xSJI aJla j-^Juj .(ci^jLxW 

.< ■.ii i u Cjij\) j_ji jjjjJI (5>iA.I di^^j ( J fc'i 'u . ^ i j-fc <oY"\ (^f^ (tf^jUiyii) 



^*>L^N1 ^la.;ii <f^j (.„*-*>o i>-j-«Jwo Jljuj t^^l <ij^;laj cJajL>- ^^Ij t ji^^iU 

(^JJl Jlj-Jl ^ ^^j^^ i^ir^ 4^UJl Ijj-iiLa aIi>- ^ V:rr*J *^^ JLjUI ^_y 

/^ ^j-*^ ^jLg_a \£ j.,<^a''y ^cT^! ^-^L^ jl^^l jl j^^JLP jj,iL>-JL) ^ ^^j-| ^^L>Jl 

^_^i jjL*w«Ji jjA*j ^ -^^^ ci^' L^^j-^' '"^ o^y^"^ . ju.j>*-* L^-j^->^ ;^^y^ *— ^r^ 

^j^ IjjoIju jl ^^ jlS" lJ..5o . JL>JI 4^..;1j> ajIjlpI «->»j ^ jilj *J L> IJuj 



.Mart. Schreiner in ZDhAO 42, p. 663 - 675 :aJj J^ ujl5 ^^"^"^ 

<iji ;j*i-uijj» (^^3'J:^^' J n -fc ^ (_^ 'Ju:!^ ^'^ aJ A \ / YV :Y 5>fljJI 'kj.ytM \t\ y/VA :N ' t>ujjji Sj^_j_«j ^ ^ 
(Ed, Browne in Journ. Roy. As/af. Soc/e*y N. S. jaiS^ <5^ <il Jj ,,_■ .m-^j uT>LU JjUl- ^jLlS (jl .^^L 
I. Goldziher, Muh. Sfud/en 2, :LJ..^ LL-jl ^^j J^l jjl.rJ oj^ o'^jU^ J>a. ^l .vol. 21 , 91 6f) 

.401 ff. 



♦ 



lj-w..<..>^^ b\ ^ b\S ^ j\ . ^Lk^ jl L>^ Nl j^ iJjt ^_ ^J ^(05^ 
JU^iL^ <1>^1 Jl • J-^^*^^ ^j"^, JlUJlj ^A^Uij Uj IjjLi ji ij^ljl (^iJl jT^l 

Jbcjj aJLj^ pLil ^^^ . ,^-L^ Jj^ j-« JU.J>t-a c5-^^^**^ O^*^ (♦-^ ^-^ J^ (^J 
^LwJl i^Lo jj ]a,_.-al >t-* p-^^j-* . '^^ /;-« L^J-^' '^J-^-^ C-S-'^J (*-^J^ ^Wr^*^ 

2j-^Vi .-.^ ^ ^if^ jU^i jSj (jV ^ t nvv ^ t ^ ^^jU t^^^O 

IjiJd?! JL3j . 5^l>t*- ^^1 ^^?C^'j cf^r**-*^' 4uJL-.*^J t(^Ju-*yi 4j>tJLUj C^^^gUJl 

-Uj>c>i /t-JLi^jj ^.JL.*wfl ftJUiA . JiU ^j iBsU- *5UJl IjLa U Iju (.(^^1 ^ij^j 

<jJb il oLj>tji Ju-o *^^*.<»-JjCJ 1 "j^^ '^ JXJ^ ^La jj-«i 4_*jj ' J^ -^^ tJl *^J^-^*^ 
TV _ V o^ <NA<y^ <f^^l (.liL^V* i^JZl 6a*f^ ^ 03jL^ .^^ <^ U ^i^U ^'""^^ 

Mnin.; oii j^^ jjiiiJi ^c-^vi .je-H^ J^^^^^' J^ ^S^ ^' ^.^^^A,_J-^_^Y^_^*^^^v^J^.^ (j^^i 

fsLiLdaH i.-i_Jf^ ^\\ <^J^ Kill J i<->fl t ^j^i ^j» iif^'ill Lol .0 (_^ (i 1 V jj^a tj^^j-all (J-aliJI ^ Jjj OJJ (ji j^Jj La^ 

fTTtj-a (Schwally J^iaJi ^u'^-'J**) ^^.'^^ <aik ,_^l ^1-uil (>o Jxi Ui (N ^ • (>jljV *Mann ^jj-i," <ii=^ 

0^ 



tAS" ^UzpI ^Js- ^js^^L Jj t|»!>L-^l j^ '*-*:j^ -^^ 4.Jl-v^ 0^5" ^^ GU ^jij 
p i h ^\j c(V_ i ^ ^nW^ ^cM--' ^^^^ cr^)^^ J-^ Si^j JL^ 

/^^ASGl j^LJLp Lgik^-I ai Jly^l oJu oJli' j\} . Jly? ^j-* aJJ i.^ l* U a^w? jujJ 



Cij^ J J.-.-^Jl i> <il ^1 M. Th. Houtsma {Theohg. Tijdschrift, vol. 24 p. 127 - 134) ^^""^^ 
I. Goldziher {ZDMG. Bd. .^^k^^l s:iL^t ^^j <UliJl 5:iL-JI Jl I^jJ^j ^ *^jJ» ^^J ^j^^^ SN^^( ^> 
<^jJI wljl.^ll c>^>i o* ^^ i^jL^Vl 6ju* J-oil 53 (1 899) p. 385; Jewish Encyclopedia 6, 653 a) 
Leone Caetoni, Annali dell' Islam Vol. I, § 21 9, Vol. L^l jj^U .<j-u,jUJI «dl^» ^^ .:»->"« ^-^j (j-*^ 

.11, torn. I, 354ff. 

.(^ y' ^ • -TA (JO Sjj-ui 1 ."^J) Aj_*^L fJUJt .u ... j-a <UI ijl i&ijB ^Jtl Jj 'lt^j*^' ^J'^^ <icLaJi V i^VI jjit 



jT^I ^I ^ 



sjj-lJI jTj^I ^\y>'\ J^l L5^ - ^ 



4-J c^LlJ (jj^\ j-*»jJl ciLlScu-L Si^^i^l oljiJi ^Ij^i Ij«/2>iJ (JJlI ^j^,!^ 
eJlgj /»LiJl <.,a.5' j_^ ^IjJl Juji t_5jliJl Jik; ^_^j . L^j-^ ^-rr^J ^^y^''^^ «-^ 

lI-w^ c 4^ ^^ JUj>«^ j 15" J^-^ . ia^ aJ JUJ 1 J j—J i (_^ Si Ip j..,^"^ j^j t Ij-,^ 
^y> ^^1 jJli . ©Jla Jl/9 j_y3 LXI iijLlj jj ^tij-r^ V^J^ t^lJjs-l a;^ jJ-^aJ j^J 

SLlJ ^^ LljJj>t:;i^ Dl UJUj . S^jAa c-^LI ^^;j-*aj A^\ j^ c5j^*.,^M ajUjJI (wiii^x^ 



..^1 >:t (^") 



or 



l^ii: tA^^jU ^Ijb-l ^Jlp JUL*: ajj oLojLc^ L^ diLt^Jlj ;^UJl s^JiSCJl 

L>l . Lg^lJU^a^ j_* AS'LliJ dJLs-lj oJlp^\j <LjL\jj]\ oJufc ^^^a^tiJ Jl ^\ U jj-^Jli 

j^ ^_^i>tiJl Lj«-«u *^ t Ioj Jui li*>L;>-l y>-*^l cT^^^ u^ Lg,s^n-; ^Hjl>*j ^j^\ 
^ t ^ Casiri ^^JJ L^l) t—^LSl]! ^ . ^Jb 4^ii>t^l ^IjjJl JliLil J.;j>t**J 

^j-*^UtJl by^\ ^ ^\^\ Jl^ ^ JUi>*_a ^ ^^,-*-tf^ d-iS" ^jJl (jly^ jj^i J-a t « ^ 
3l-U«jJl jlj>iJ taJ_«_; Loj ^ <^j-Ji t \T ^Li^l t(Lugd. 674 Warn. J^jJa^k.*) 

^^r ^A^ ^^Y ^Av ^.K\ '^\\\ ^vi ^vr nA ^<\-; :i_sLJi j^^^Ji (^ 
^^^T sui ^ur n»o t^,<\ t^,v ^^'Y ^^•A ^^** ^\'r ^^i 

t<\. to* tvv M'i ^vo n»^ H\*'\ ^<\o tAo t<\^ t<\v tA» tot 
^TA ^TV ^Tl io-; tY, c^<\ tfo cYo ^m iVY ^V ^tA ^ol ^m 

ur at ^n a* sr\ \ri ^.r\ ^rv n ^\o ^^y tu ^^^ ^\v 



(jT* Jk>-^' ^<^jJ <Jjij«-aJl SAi^jJI <iijkJI j_jJb 6dAj ■Jj'ill J-uaJjl (a^^LjJIn ^ JiVI ^^ ^jlij La IIa ^ ' 

Hammer - Purgstall (Wiener Jarhrb. vol. 69, p. 82ff).; Weil p. 364ff.; Flugel _] ^3 . ,., j_5J ^'""^^ 

.^1^1 6 JA Jl >iJl IjiiJ J (ZDMG. 1 3, 568) 



^OT ^TT ^Tt ^Y^ ^U ^V^ ^n ^U ^AA ^o^ ^n ^lo ti£ 

.Ar ^Y^ cf <,M ^AT ^v^ ^VA ^v* n^ nv 

^vi ^OD ^^r ^£v ^ov ^^^ ^i n» <,rr hx ^a ^t i^^i-^^jj— J^ (^ 
n^ ^"i£ nr nn ^i^ ^oa nr ^tt ^rt ^u» ^o^ t<\A no 

c«oU:)fl)) ^ Sjj^Ul ^_jl^b ^ «^^L-JI» ;> v^^ ^ib^^ ^Jj^' »^ (;^ 

_ .^Lkp ilx^ljj j^L^ ^1 ^ iw^jJl IJLa -^jij . ^t^'J^ j1 A^^ *\T ^_y>t-/aJi 
^J^ \\ 5jj-Jlj (.*\0 Ijj — ]| ^_^ ^*j 0» ^j^ ]\ AJLdjj tVr 5jj— Jlj lA 

JjMl ilJucJl _ . "^ ^j ^ ^ ^ j-Jjj^l *>U-f^ 4 Af ojj-Jl ^4i>- Al ojj^i A-AiJ 

t ^ • Ijj — ]\ JLjo ^ • ^ 5jj-«Jlj t *^£ 5jj-Jl Jjo Sjj^Jlj tVt Sjj-^l JJ 



.«(__j*tMLaJl QJjVjb ^ LajT J^Jj 



(>V^) 



00 



1 J j^ 1 t 4 ..,^9 U ^ ^ T S J j^ I t 4-J-t« ^ ^ i a J j-J b ^ ^ ^ J J— J 1 t 4-sa5 U ^ • *\ 
^ AJXf^ 4j <-JJ^ V'X ajj^l t iV Sjj-«Jl oLJu T\ ojj-«Jlj V i Sjj^l t LJjLa 

jj-wJl Jjl ^A AV ojj-J! t jLlsaSU Ai fljj-*jlj "^ '^ ojj-«jl t ^V Sjj-^jL c--wJ^1 
^i* ^rx nr tU no ^Vl SlV : Ju U5 v^">Sl jJL^ lo^^L^Vl ^. 

L_-i_ . ui ^ nr ^ ^ • • ^0-; n^ . ^^ to n^ ^m ^m m voa nr 

^ j-^-«-« ^j-^ ^JiljJl ajIjj ^.-.^--^>^ tjTo 4j>,^i,^ t(Flugel J-^^a^cj) «Owj4iJl^> 

^A^ V vr t'^t ^Av <:A\ ^u^ ^vi ^(L^ cH^ u^Tj) vr ha ^o 
j-i^T ..^....>^) n i kwr ^ UT n *o n*v ^ wt ^ wa ^^ • • v'^t ^'\r 
^vv <:\*i ^vo no n^n ^<\o tAo t<\^ t<\v ^a* torK^^^'^^-_-;jL-» 
^o-\ cY. n^^^^^^ro cTo c(^>, ^ iQ^^^^V ttn tvr ^oo t<^* ^o. 
^r^ ^tr Kjju uy^T) ^r^ <rv no n • nr n^ nv ^ta nv m 

^T l^) 1 KjJu U^T) ^A ^AA ^0^ t(jju U^T) i^ hio j^^r^ ^.i\ 
^VA ^v* n» nv ^oT ^rt m ^v^ ^(^^ u^T) ^^-^^^n k^-jjl^ 



.<Ljj-a \ \ I ^JJCtl\ ZjJ-Ljj ,>jIjU "Lii^l <jLfJ (_yi it^iLo i_j ima i 



(^A•) 



iflji-aJI Sjj-Luj (_jJucaJI (j\ jI (LLa. 1 rtd 'ill «^» 4.^1^ Ci ft J 4^\ ^j (jjjijtjjua LjJ t^j^jiiL Sjij^j-tt V _^Li 

01 



^^^'V ^A sT '^^^^h ^ \A ._ .An hOi ^At cT<\ tV <,M ^AY ^V^ 

k\\^ ^oa ^^A ^10 tvn H\r his ^ov ^*\^ ^i n* ^r Koi^ P^yo 

cJ^^^!>Lj u._-S' .^ ^0 ^u n\ ^li nr m ^t^ ^oA ^nr ^rr ^rt 

Vn ojj— J^ lV'J 4 At 5j j,«j I jj^^*- ^Y 5jj-«JI (V*j t ^A 5 J j-^ I (c*^** ^^ 3jj-«J) 
ij-«^ ciUi Ijlp U-J Lai t T *^ c^jU^NU' ^ :iji U «-a ULj t ^ Sjj-*Jl ^^^ji^*- 

^Yr ^oY ^V^ ^i* _ ^ : n ^Y^ ^rY : JL. U5 j^l ^^" iY 5j^l ^ 



to ^rr tA ^r ^y (:l-^j_.) ^at ^y^ ^r* ^aj ^ay tv'\ tv» n^ tiv 
iJ &j .^ tiA ^.^\ ni nY m ti^ toA nr ^yy ^Yi n^* n* 

IJL^ Uj^ jl5 jjj ^^^ tOi^l IJlA ^^ (^y ijl LJLp . V^ t A^SCa 1^1 ^ dLi 

t^-i-Jt-jl ajjJ ol5 lJL*.>e-« jl ^^l^Nl ^jj Jl?^i ^ Jjfej . U^^Ij 5-^^LJi jj-JJ 






oV 



i^U- 4jJai jiiLl b^p-j-* IJla jlS" ^ ^L^-r'^ lf.L>^L.j; ^»,.**.:>^ jj-Jl <^ ^-Jj 
Jj>-jlJ tS^^^ji^l jj-JJ aj^^>,_«o (Weil) Jjli lg...^'t ^^yJi y^jl^pJl ^l>- ^l ^LL^^ 

jj-«j| *wJy l-XSOb . ijljyl oJjfe -^ JLCJ e^^^iS^ c:-jLi1jj J^^ -^I ^JuL ^Jl?" 

•y> c-»y *>Li:u**L tiJUoJl IJjb ^ ^'^j *c-5^J"^^ A-Jl-sJjI i..,^.-«j>tj *u5Co ^^*^ 'jj-^ 

ijLA ^ .ujuo ji syj^i jj cJy' ai )U ^ nr MU ^<\'\ ^'\A ^^v ^Ar 

. L^ L^ ^bjl 4c-^ jj:> (oLlj^l ^^ ^jJl iJiA LJlj 

oJJi Li^li « la tf.il jl ^ ^_^Ig.Jl tij^' 4ja^*>lj La . a:JJ J jT^I ^^y:.^^ IaJjJ\ 

jlj t IAj jJJ aJI ii^r>t-:j Jj ^i^^^ <^tf'. ..^U ^[ Jj j^ >>,i.;.,/a-H ^j-^ oJ^^lj °j^ 
^y. 1^^ v>^ (^-^' ^cf^^-)" t^^>-«Jl ^J^li .oL^l J^ jjt. t3U«Jl 

OA 



tljljLf- ^JsUvljJ <jiJLl>«-« Ol^ ^ <LijOL^**jl JU-S-r-o 4Jj J-s-oJj 4(wJIS^ J^ JL>- ^-A 

llj^ J j-^ ^ * ^y L.5^ LjtJt**J c o L>Ji ]■? .,r^ ^ J *U5>x:u*w« iwc« cj l-*JiS'j L^^^ ^5-^ 

(iJL-L*J V^lj-* \-4-t^ ^j t-Jt^jNl ^__yijt-*Jlj oJJlj ^JajJl ^lj-« aJ^^Ijj . VL^j 

^^l^l ^jjJu^^y i Cjli-^ j-xii . ^-Sji-N ^iLvS'J -^j^J ^ 'U^iXJo ^^^iiaJwgJl iajl^l jl 

. ^j-^-Mi Aii>-t>UJl CJjij N >«_*i>lj^1 Vf-J Lol^l iis^l jl.,r0.5') 

4jJL5J ^jJ^ iUtjlj C^^e-Jl J-aJi ^ j_^JL>tlJl jv-Ajj-A-; l) j-<Jlwww<J 1 Jjb^ Xkj 

'S\ XJj ^^1 4l^..,.Ji ilap-*>UJl J[ "^^^ ljJU^_^ . ^Ju-wJ-.-^J I <JJLll 4-J1^,_<»j 4-aiyj 

Lj^ Jji jlj tiJJUo «JsLi>i ^ 4',>-^' tji*^' ^^' k^ *jW^ Ut^^ -^^ cT^' ^Li<Jl 

oLIjj (^^;^J (^jJ^ ULp-I JjJ^jJPtLo ^^ . 4-JJUJl jy> j.,^il X^^^\ oLiMl jl 

JU. tl.-^ tjVV tjjTo ^ ;((jU:)/|)) ^ ^jJLaJI j^^LJI tXjt^ Jl« j^ ^^r^J 

^ liaJ /^ (Tj^^ jnr^ ^-*-^*^ ^ '• **-^J ^-^ ^-^ ^ ^ ^ (^1 -^^-^-^ jj-^JU t g ■■^'>g-Aj 
<J jj^ ji iJLg5 j^^^u>til3 jj^^^ Nj .^^ t.r'*^*^ c5^ ^'^ Tt-sAlJ ^1 pLJVI 

;Y a^^>Axll a^^^-uj 6j^ nifl'i j^J ^j mi-^ njJt f l :^ ijjt\-aj\ ij^^-utj \ '.i pLuiIII Sji^^jjJ fr J ' "• '" (jj ^_gj^^<i luJt ^ ' 

<l^ Uj Jil .YT g_aJl 6j,_^ ajj n.6". ^ (cod. Lugd. 674 Worn; ^1^1 jjx {;>j .^^^ o (^ ^,.a£ M * / > > 

,(AV (_^ AAA^, CjjjjiJ i*^) "^ § ^ J-^ ^w/UaLoIU i^AL C^) ^ ^ ^ 
0^ 



*L«jaJ jlj^lj C-^wij>Jl LJ Lg-«JLA) ^1 JjUjiJ iiJjJl L-ljjJl ^ia^ljj A-iaI*J 
oJl* ^j^ . l:>jjL^\ jlj-iJl pL«il ^j-^ Jj^ ^-^^ *jtr^ oLoj-U-a ^\ X^jiJ jl 

OAA) r „.. 

Jaj>-M Jiij . 1jl»Jl>- j^^f^-j^-^ <jj-jJl 4jLJLj*i c->->t:-« iijJ_<Jl ^Jl Jui->^^ ^jj>tjfc j N 



JLcLtVI dLlA SjjSxJIj <A^I <ljAaJI JLlcVI 4>> .((Liferarische Einleitung» <jjj-iaaJI i^jiiJ) ^jjl ^ ^ 
1. Goldziher, C. Snouck Hurgronje, J. Wellhousen, Leone Caetani, Anna// de//' 4> J^ i^j ^».li ^^1 

Js/am /, II, H. Hirschfeld 



JbJt LuT^J cl^^t j 

jj^\ ^--IjjJ ix^Ui J^L-^i ^ JJLDL; "^1 Vhj^* oLb^Jl Li^^" ^ 

j_jJl A^jJl ijJ^I >♦— -J j-Aj ^! tAt>^ urV^ ^"^^ Jj^' f'J^J-^' ;.>^ .A^iUl 

^^..fi^js^j Lp^ *^y>^ ^ L^Lsn^vi'I j^ ^-i^bU ia:s-*>U U i^^j .^"^1 o^^^ u^ 
c ^ ^ .,<gxj •^Sj . o^^>«,^ IjJi^ 4j3 UxJ i <1**J I ^J J J N I «-o J j-g-*i (V ^r*^ t^ ' 

<t^^>^l) ^>4_iJI (> N r ^jjl jl N Y ^jjl ^_^ VI oi^\ ^j^ ^ V «c;U^ llt^ jiJ3 Jll\ ^>^1 ^Ll j> .J^ Vo 

<fc *ty^J^ <JLaL f^Jj»-mA.I) fAY (_^ ^«i_ijljLAjl uIj^j* t4 tj"ifl j^l fj^j.aJt jJ-uajoJl t-jjijM-^JI fj^^iojl jJ-ua-oJI 

jLLLj ^jAjjjji •jLilt'ifl oJ*j <jLijJ Jfll-h o .i£.jji^ L*^l j^*^ cS-JJI (jJ^^' f^J^' '^' u^^ "^ idOi^ .(j\ I \ ^JdA 

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^j_k f.\Aj t_i HI a OJ <jUjJ Ua^l ^jLlll (jli IJl Lo jj_a ^>aJl tjSLeiJ Vj .(jj^IaJI jJ-i-a-JI .Jjl-lu (JjI f JJ^ijuJI 

.jjjj 1X4 ^ t>^' '^J^ (jj ftL** ft H Jfl't^jj fj^ TA (jo (jj^juJ) jj Infill /jJLJ^^j_i J ^ * Y {j<o (aI a a (^i ^ "^ 



i^.^.J>xj> C^<J JUj>s-- eLp- ^ L^>>-^ LJlJb>-l ciJLli Ji jjjLwMaj Ojj->-T .^_^^^l pIj! 
6j-<k-P jlS'j UJ O^ 1JU->i^ d\ Jj-^ t^ll!lj JjVl (jljJl ^jtH -la— 'jJl Jb^ J-«J 

(j^ (jj^ ^^ U^ (jjSjjJi jJ-ua-oJl (jJJ^^>Aji. ntijij f^;_J-c» <> t ^\-^ ft <JJ-uj (jj') CfJ^I C^j'j^ UJ >" ' " f UJJ^' 

j.u^ >v<\ ^) >v\ ^j^«((Si<:.v.«.« ;\roo <^>MN ^^,N ^^^^l;^r^ ^a a (ji^) j^^oe' ^^^^^ 

(j-a <N*\1 (_^ <1 ^^Ua-uiiJl tjJ-uj-6 -((^^^l *>H* vW) '^ '^ "^ CJ^ <((j-t'i1i iuiJ-o ujLJ T * ^ys, A ^^jLi^l 

.0 . (_jo <<\ (j\rA (N VY (_j^ *1 ^jj«, ...Jl *(4j1^( *^«.iftJl ^L oY^) o^T ^_jo .((SliA«» 
;NY1A <_^,> ^r^^^l f j^ j ^1 ^j^Wj»^.t>.t;(N'\o ^j-:»<*\ ^:>l U ...^11) IT"^ ^^^ rY ,, 1 ...^ ^^'^"^ 

i^^^\ ^[^j «(_^i <i-^^u \vr ^j-a<Y ijjiL^\ *.[jj\'\o ^A ^jJNUh.sii) iri ^^.y ^j^ ^^^"^^ 
(_jo <^ (3 fl -k ft) jju-ui (3^^ fjN lA (_y» ti i^jj.t I II ft 11 f^ Yoo ^_jo (^ ^^^>jiJi fA^jU-i j^So^Ji »_«aj^) t^jji ^ j t i i i» 
ii^j^.^^ s^^vi i^UJi ^i^^u 4 , . u \ IL tx>'^ .01/00 :Yi j^isjj^ J,^efa^l^lf^o^ .^Yv.^ 

.J^ V* jj-a -jj^aJI jX^a^Jl <^_^^^jj5i Uj^ jaW djjjLa.Vl 

,J^ lA (_jo fl 4^j^«^i<Jl *jN Y 1 (_j-3 <^ ^jiUI J\ \ (_jo <N (i]i^~^ A 'ia-^ u:»l 

.<JS_iitaJl AJJb Jahj (3l (^ (_j*j (^ ^_j^ (aLiiA ^\ ^ 4 , i »1 -> II JjtaJ JjLaji J^-Aj ^ 



jTjjii j^\ ^ 



^^la.MtfH 4*JLwa jl *iij t^jljj ^^^-sLjij a;wo ^^1 ^-^^ '^-xri l>^ '-^^ luSC^ 

:r £ ^j^\ f > V .> Y :V ^je>^' -JJ-^ -i^^ C^^^J J^' u^ <eJ.^' oL.1^1 ^ SjJilS obl^ 4u^ ^^^^^ 
:V-^ 5^L^L^jjLLJ^fT<S JL^l fl T ol^j^?A:>-\ JjVl d^l;^r :Y'\ jLi>frV:>i jj*JI lYA 
iiUiJI (^ ajtij <ti.> 3^jl1* Lajj Lai .oiLcl Y <:a.jJl f iiUjJI tAjSj Sj^Lt jj-oJj f Y ^ :0 cj^I ''^^r' l-'*^<^ -^ 
5 J M.">\rt)) <ii J r^ •> o 1) I . A^ jj (Goldziher, WZKM. 4, 351 ) nCy^j^J ^^» j "ue^j*^' f-^" ujL" ^jj-o^^-aJI 
i^^^jju (klS-ij ^1 Ahlwardt, Beriiner (Caialog No. 1456 - 1550) .iiix^ ^j .Al.^ Jjj». lij.x^ uf*^j'^ 
,^jj^-.» Jj (^ > £ / > :i\ ^LLa.VI Sjj-u, ^L o-^I^ U^ Si*^ Uk^liU *N VY ,_^ .jj^i^l jJ .^ ^ t\ 

j,.1 </^nJn ajJ^^ r[^J^ <— *.>*^ ^ iJ-t:*^ jjU <x:Llill ^1 J_ija^ a5 jijjj_*ii oj^ tjl JLaOfcVLi j^jj-tujj .jjIjojJI 
j^l CiLajJl n\\ J^ .^ J 6 jj^ ^1 <\ ...ti ^jis. cj^^Aj ^ 4JII L^l dJj (_^1 > ij .A) (j.1^ .(jN £ > ^J^ ijj^jA 

Th. Noldeke, j^U .(ju^l d„^ oefj *^-^ lt^-*^' ,* n-^.11 Llajl i:UJi^ ;<Sj5j j^t oUjlua ^jit ^_^ UTtI .r-aj 
Gesch/chte der Perser und Araber zur Zeit der Sasan/den p. 168, 172 etc.; Leone Caetani, 
Lfj ^3J^.>^' J:*^ c^j'j-^ t **^- 'j' Jj'^*' 6:^^ '-^ ^'■'4-?' (5'^' jjjiA-a Jjj jlj AnnoU deli' Islam I, § 23 
^jjJilil ^jLlII o^l (j-a ji:,>j-i <Li ^^ U dJj i>t . fll'f^jj .(Journ. As. Febr. 1 858) .liiij < j<Ib U ■■■-> 

JjjI ;> A (__^ <T uiiliJl iaiilw !S "W (_^ (*\ ^^ia mail <jJj.Mo (^J t5jL>^* ' ^ M ,_ya *i f \ i O ,j*a f^ (^ Jjt.i.it nl! 

.AT (__^ fY (iJjilSJIn <jjjV^ (^jI (i.A'V (_^ (Y 

."VY (j^ ^ SjjiiaJI CjLIji^I ijlc- pLIj ^jaJ Ijj* .«(jii.ojk» ^ YIA (_^ *N ^_^jjaj| ^ 

.K^iLU.)! ■'(jjj^\ f«lijt-.B :Vo ^_^ *<Aii5 (^^1 ' 



ir 



jl Jj^l L$^^^ ^^^-^^ ''^J J-^'j^ ^ ^^M^J ■ t>;^*-^ (_5^1 *>=^4^^ U^..^aJ ^\ 
j^ j!:^\ JLL? Ji j^jijtiJi 4JU-P Jj^ tjJ JL>Jl oJLft ^ .C-d^^Jw-- ^Uj oJUJ 

^jS\ ^_j^l ^clU^ Sjlo cJ15 lil Lo ^ j.^1 ^ 3^1 "Jj .ol^^ ^_yLJ 

«L*5LoJl jj-*Ju ^p-jj^ C^*3 aj /*-^J ij-^^-*>-d ^J .*U>v-->J1 6 JliJ! AS *wP 4.*>«Jjlj 

J^ c4ijyc<Jl ^IjjJl c_,s--otj tcJjJ T • <l3 Sj^^ (T ^<l«Jl ^ 4-«^L>Jl ^i«Jl 

tl^lJL?- VI '^-^JJ '' QLL^'^jlr^^J U^J-^^ ir^' ^-'j-^' '^^^^ Jj^-^ J J ^ • ^ • 

.N'\ :or |«^l S^i^>^ Jj^ aLijl Jill f"^*^^ 

.«_w3j-JI ijj^ iLijI _>Jajl 



jLSJl l^^Lj ^,^^J.iil lift . j^' Cr* ilJllJlj Jj'Vl ^j-<».^>^JlJ jUs^^^^^ 
Sjj-u- ji iJliLil ^-^\y *-w«^l IJla j^ .ej^JuJl Ajii::^^! c^l^^iiJLl ^^L>-1jl1| 

ly^\ JJ *ULiij c;^_JL^j i^LU ^1 5lij Jl^ <-A:lk]| J\ ^\ L^ (»Li ^l 

oJUb jjLpxj LuS-al Lojj /*>J .(^ixJl "wfl Sj-^ijJl <L.«jl j^ C-<jJ /<^0 ^JuLs Cj1j1«*j 
ojub ^ j^^JlgJl ;_j^l jjglg ^ LLvaii (JIjLjIjjJI ^j-a«j c-iij-a IjJL>tJ| IS I ^j«.,.-?ll 

j_jJLp Jl-^I j-J> l^jl^I IJla ^j jujuhJ jl Si t W AjJ^\ 5jj-^ ^_^ jj^JuJl 

jJt' jJ&j t^^jbJl J^ ^r^^ C^J^ t^^ij^lJLl! Uj^^ J} "^1 <aJlij^1 Jp-l^^l 

slkiJl ^IJLpj ^:Ju^!l (^LdJ^^I oiU-^ ciUsjl ^.^..z^^ .ijSl^l A^J'yi ^!jjt ^ 

J>^ <:^J^ t^Ul JiLgJi ^IJl ^^a-'i^: ^y^^\ j^ ^ cujlpLv j^l Jj'L-^^" 
jj-^ Jlp ft-A^w? Ai^ ^>^^ "^^ (H-^ (Jr^ ^ tlH^^ pUa-^Jl ^bJl <JJLi3j^ <.L>«^ 



,aLjj1 ^^I Juj^ 



(Y\-) 



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LijfclJL?-!^ i^-aJuj tjLpj.^*,**^ ^/fi\>- A^-^ br?J ' ^---*j .^^^ L-r^***^^ t§-*aj«-» t.^-'jLi) 

. tj-'l^ o^ ^^ c^LiJ jj-^ -^ j*oJ (1)1 t lil t liAp . AiJlill Jl 
(Life of juj>^ SL^ ^\:£ ^ ,J>^^ f-}^^ i^ (William Muir) ^j^ *Jj «-^j 

Snouck Hurgronje in De Gids 1886 II p. 256f.; Rev. Hist. Relig. Bd. 30 {Paris 1894), p. OjLS ^^^^^ 
Hubert Grimme [Mohammed I, Munster 1892, p. 14; Mohammed, Munchen 1 904, ._■ ,■■-> > .1 50 

C. Snouck Hurgronje {Une nouvelle biograpNe t> ^Jij^ dill o^S*^ 6j-luL iljUl c>^jL*e t^^' C->^' 
Fronts I ."^ jl <jjL_i .de Mohammed, Revue Hist. Relig. vol. 30 p. 49 - 70, 149 - 1 78, bes. 1 58ff) 

.Buhl,MuhammedsL/V, Kobenhavn 1903 p. 154f. 

SjjIjjJI j_^ Irt ■^. j 't <ljJj <il (^Lj JjLSJI ^t^iajJI J-ftA^ Lf^ Jtt'i'ii ^_^1 ^--i-il^^l J^ ^ t^^ j^l \y^ V ^ ^ 
V >-x^VI lJ-4j .«<-UI olAj)) 5J>*-llj SLLoj oMJI -kg-'tl^ll v_ji,^l (Jjajj^l IcJ .lu .<dJI (^1 ^ n t mftll ^ ^J"^^ '""^^ 

J. Wellhausen, Reste arob/schen ^^j^Ua .i^^^' ? » j .■ U ^IJ <j-^1 j-aIj^ 0-* >^' ^y^S^^ lA^ ^ W _> 
(iiik^l 4iJ) 5.i^j ^^ ^o-> o Jj-ual (jit 6je^^' I-1J 7 J J J''""^ ^^' t> 6^ "-^ .Heidenfums 2 p. 24f. 
Ijj-L^ 'J^J^ 1 ^ :TV oLiLuaJl ijj-^ LXJ^ ■'*-^' '^LIj VI JUii ^-> i.i_il A^Iilg II ^\j L4J j^ji^^jjtj Li^l ^ f-*-J^ 
Ijlj^ (jjftI.Hrt.il ,_iljiJI j^ju Ltt^ <<Ajj3 <j1-o SjliSc. JjiJI IIa t^l j>ji*J t^t jjiaJLj jj^ Vj .^1 J^ ' * '"^ *L*jVI 
J^ .^^Vl ole^Vl ^^ ^^ u^jJlS\ (i^j.jUn.Hj V ^L:^! pV^ .(jJl «<UI c.l^ i^MJI a>^,>ii^l ,>:iii^l») 

frUi^Vlj 4.aLlLII _)-oI ^J (^ Ml fll 'mj (jiu_>5 ^jjj < JLl-oJl (Jj i III jjj£. ((jjtJiJ li\\Aj .j^-^ajLujI (jjij ^(j-^ ui^ J^j*^^ •-•'J 

(5^ (>^j *«Einleitung in den Koran.) jfjiU <a-ji- jji G. Weil Vjl t^jLuo 4!iMiJI t^Lcj-aja-JI &!* ^^ ^^ 

^tcj-ia-aJl -^ ' ...a" ^_fl .'I I '> * j 1 't * d'.f . a 1~. A, \ Ll^l a-^ . "jf . jjJLt^l ^ ( I'^l ■■■1 ■■■ Vl J .^al l , pi .7."< *jfl Ijj ^j 
.ij_LuLj 4 nj iiit't (1^ jjI'^mI l^lj j^ aJ I 'I'lS 1 .«_j.ojl JS_iio j^j.oVl (j^« t JJ^'tJ 

.TY- _ r>A <^u.jj>AV <JJ^r\ ^^""^^^ 



11 



jJlaJ i S J J.-* AJ c-Jy J J-*-* ( ^ ■ (^^ ^-^ ^^^ J ^ rj^J ^ ' ^*-r^ ^ ^v^So t l>tj J Ij 

J^l^l ^v^wt-uj .S^,>^1 ,_5l>- (O t^UJl Jjnj ^UJl aUJI ^^jX^ (t <:li^\ wUj 

.1.,^ diiij c J/Nl U>-^l JJ l^-wiJ ^1 ll>- l4*^ j^l JjS/1 o>^l 
^liJlj Jj*^i dliJL?-y> (jiijjj tjj^l ajJI ^y>j^ ^jr^ Lo ^Wi ^j-« ^^^ ij^^y 
Jj . ^j-*j ^^^ bJ^ j^ i*^l>Jl <uL>-j-o . ^^J^\ Lj^ j-« a^^ajuJI jj*J1 
jj^ L^l t^l.,^" tiJbJ! ojJlaJI jja UfejL«J j^i jj^l j^l -^-jj ^'j^' aJL?-^ 

y^j-a j! Ij'^r^i lil ' ^S^ O^^j^Nl IJjb JpUa:u -ci^i CjI^ ^ ^^rc^ iSj^^ 

^JjUfc (*J^-d (^ ^^, (^IjjLf-^yi A^j^ JJ *-vi»lj^ j-*j • ^-^j ^tHJ-' ^'^'-^^J o-J*-^^j 
jJLill ^^yo *y j^ JJJS JJ iiL^J . Ai^jJu (UaJ^ Lj>c-1>.>u i^JLgJl IjLa -j^ (. UUJ 

Jj tA^jJuJl Sj;uijL (JJLaI) L^ L^L>J L'l*--'o (H. Grimme) 'Uuj^ . _» 

S — '-iyj ' ^^^J ^'^J "^Vj ^J '^^J ^^J ^^J ^^J ^^ J^^ Jj^^ ^j^ 

.Hubert Grimme, Mohammed 2 (Munster 1 859}, p. 25 - 27 ^^'*^ 



j^l^j iJ^jS\ 5^1 ^^1 VI 5jj-Jl *^ U-J ^oij O.J ^Oj tCiJJuJl IT 
^j-«j Jjli Lg.*^j ^l [^jjLJI (H. Hirschfeld) ^ jdi^^ . -& o^jiJ 

^^i J_$^LJL! %JLjo *yi C — J (Lfuj^\j aJl^j}\ (.ky^OL^a^] t^iapljJl 44jX5jJ| 

jj*Jl ^Jj>ej ^ ^j U;wu UIj Uily iJlifti (jljjfc *^jl aJI jLLj L» . /^ lAljjcHi»j 
e-LiiLojLj <.^j^\ ^!>lijl 4jLpj..g.j>«^ (♦— ^j .(^A) 3JL>-ij oj^^ f-LlL^L <^J_^I 
ciL/ij <.Jij>l\ lS^\ b:^ 1 g.^ ./LT ^1 j^l t U Ij ^ )Tj ooj \j o\ j^^] 

. ijo^jjy iw^--j>o AiJliJIj iJ^' J;rt^^' O^j^* c^ 

jj**^^ c^ l/* ^^ ,^^ ry^y- ^ cr^' tc-^^^o^j ji^^iU j_^:u^ij^ cJlw uis" 

J-d ^_^ IJlj tiiiJl ^ ^^^ jJUj !>Li AljJbl p-pj J-« j^J ;Aj ti^J^ ^rc^ Uji-*y ^ 

. xS\ jS- *-p3 <ili Jjsij j^^Sc^ o^^^ -'^ 
^^ aJU^j (_5-JjN1 cjIjJw-JI ^^ t,^-r-Jl -^3-^ tiJJl ^Uj^I 5jJ oi . L^jJl-^I 

. jT^i ^ 1^..,..^; ^ ^- jl j^ IgJ jb N jii" c-lJi 4JJ1 jv^ji ^>|Ui ^^'>UJi 

\^\j^\ <^L^l {^jJ U-S' (.UUJ jl J^!l /<^i^^ c«u^al.i /v-i-^ e!>L*j ^JlII «dJl 

^O^jLv? Gj-^ f»-«-a-« ' Jt^W '(V^r-^^^ /k^^i Lai .^-jJlIJI Jl^I ^ ^UajJl 

.New Reseorches p. 143ff. ^''^^ 
4 , . .. M L (xliUJI ^ <i*>^' AJjfc (ji:i jJ .H. Ewald, Propheten desA B. 1, 2, ed., p, 31ff. ^^^Lj ^'^''''' 

lA 



4i'y>Jl (j-^5oo lj..s^JaM cjlj^yi . J^lSJl i_5^j_«-L!l L^_^ Jai:>o i-jLU>Ji S^^lj 

1^ ■■■d) /jp (3^a^ **^ J^ J tcH ' j^ ^-^ • cir*^ fSj^ lT^J^ J^-^ - ^1 -^j^^"^-* ^j-^ ^ 

^^ ^_^li:U«J U^ ^^! cJUj»-^/Ij aJJ 7^^^^ C?jJi 4^_jl«^l ^yj^ <h^\y^ ^^^^^ 

i^^ L^ ^^ i^i jt— ^aII cjUJIS' S^^l ei^ Sj-.^lj <ijUJl cjU'>UJ| ^ . o-^ 

L^ J t _ V lit j-i UcJ 1 6 J j-w^ ^ t <^ JUj 1 J j-«J 1 ^ 5 JL>- \j ly> Jl* La^ 4 6yi X * _ 
jLg^l VpP JL^ol AJl U5j . Jj>- ^\jf\ jl J^ jj-«Ji *JLla» ^ ^L>- JUj>t^ ^-i-^ 
-t^l^i (vjJ^ Ij^llC-i Jij tS^lxJl oJla U<a-il ,i g'P JL>-i t «j>t^l L-jjJuuj| /^*^Jujj1 

jjJl tjLfJlj fUUl ijjJaJlj c-)Ul^^-^l t^Lw^Jl Jl» cA^_..LJ! jj^\j^\ 

M ...^flj <)jl J^^j <U.*yi3^^ '(jr^J J^J «^U-wJlj Aj^^Jlj j-o-dJlj ^*w^»-1jI t5,<JuaJlj 

^ LiJ L* J (l A jJiiJ 1 Ijj^ t T jjiaJ 1 fl j^^ 4 ^ • L? 6 J j-^ (. it J L>- jJ 1 6j j^ t i T 



:4aU ma .VA^ u^ ,X tjjj* moll :i(ilAliJi iijjii» .jjiJuaJI *_i-ij^l <«<Jij,U"i ..iftll)) i\ • (_j-3 «p AAA (jJjV) 
JoY jjiJI 4jj_«.L^1 (XiLj-j'\ e>"^^^*\^ ^^.t^j-JUl :? ^ > I U .J^ Y j_y. .jV ^A\Xr ^j^A t^^^^l 
f^Y JjUI 5j,^^ fA^ j^l Sjj^ ; lA jJUl 6jj^ fVo i^LiJ) Sjj^ fAI JjLUJI 5jj_cu ^Ao ^j_^\ Sjj-^ 

^ Lol .Y V :0 ^ iiLjlill Sjj-ui ?V :'\i (JjUlIII Sjijjoj fT :Ti Ij-uj Sj^j-u* (_jj laii 4_uiii '-^-^ ^ L^ )jU'. . ^ ^ 

pljJUiiJI *jj-uj ; 2 i / "V iW oULuoJI 5j;_jjji\ ^jijL^I (j^LLjil j^JLij 4jJLj I j_>a ■■ ^-n ■ j_lJI (j;>i.'ifl f—i-olj-aJI 

f1<\/nA :>'\ ^^ Sj^^^) 4ill jl i(*\o ,«\> ,Ao (VV :^ Y .J^j;. Sj^^ ;oA/oV :Y^ (.UtiVl Sjj^ f'W. lYl 
J, f>~"\ «_i^lj^t 6J-*j .f AV /AY .'TA (j^ 4j__j-ui^ ^--jl >l jl */i * :V ■ i^jUt-oJi Sjij-ui {"VA /"Vo :£ pLuull Z^j^uj 

llt^ .(C, Brockelmann, Gesch. arab. Lit. 2, p. 105ff. ^jj^ <_* Vo > o) ^eJ^^?-'! (4^ chf' ^ '^ ^^^^^ 

.(H. Ch. nr. 2401) «J>JI jlL^I ^ ole^l« u*j^ 



c_4jI:j ojj^^ i A ^^ ^ « jr.,^^ a^^^iiJl oJLa jj— f-i 1^*.^ . jt^^l r-jL>- *uS'L>xj 

a^jJl jl M - ^J ^ * o^ J^' o^ ^^^ ^ ^J ^^i' ^ • Cr- cP^ Cr- ^J^ ^^ o^ iy 
. ^Aj^^ ^jJb (1)1 aa*-»j ^ j_^^ *J 0» cUJl ^JJ^\ JLjJLiJl 

. UjJJjt-j j] (lr>^ UJL>t^ l-™-^j L-ljj^ l^Li (^w\i .w-jJlSJI jl jjj^lj 

.jj — II oJuk ^^ 1^^ 
cu^J j_ji]| <i*iJl LJ cJjJ Sj^^ ^A A^ jl <-^jiJl ci'^^ (Muir) ^j^ ^Ju 

*J15^ ^-C^J • Jij^l Ji Up-^ C.o-sf? JJ--JI oJlft jlj t^l (3-5^1 ^JJ--* ^-ia— -^j-J 

*uiL?-^ 4>^^ J^ '^ <-*^^^j^^ u^^ ^hW^^^ u-jL^*yi ^ ^^i>^ (^1^1 Iju (_;;5^ 
^j-MaiJlj /;j-^^ friJlpi -Ui> JUj>c-d L^ r^-'^^-ni {^^ jy^"^ • jy-^"^ c-T^'-V J^^*^ j-* 
Cj LiJ Ji j j^ j 1 jj^^-^ ^ <• tjr^ J-^ ^ *^ ^ (j^ c-k ^-^-*^ ^ ^ ' J ** '*^. '-^^'^^ 0^*^ ' 

J. Wellhausen, Kes^e arahischen Heidentums 2, p. 1 37 ^\1 .djL^I j^Jf <i^^ L* 

.L/feof/Vlah. 2, ZS^""^^' 



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^■^■>^.)o ^-Aj ^AJl ^^^3^1 A£^\S\j (T ajVI) J-*j><^ ^IJlp! dj^ i.\j^j^\ j_^l>Jl 
jl tlil t^jiU-i "^ Sjj-Jl eJLa .(V AjSD Obl gia.,^"^! eU^' j..-/?ll ^\ L^j^ 

^ Jw^^*^ l^ JlSCij ^1 ^\y^\ lIUS Jl oUi: . ^1 ^1 : '^T JJiJi Sjj-^ 

J ill ^^^ ^f ^\ jl IpL>^ ^j .(^ »o J^l ij^ kjjW 'A\ ^,-..^-^1 
j I JLp ; "^ * ^j^ i J Ll] 1 f^J-^tJ I t jjj^ Liii Ij jJ ^_^::^>«-3 . LUlSCi^ jj-*^ ' ^-^ 

■^Ala) ijj>~\ aJlwS' ^JJ j^Sc^l 4jc«^ v^ Ja-iuJi ^^^^ aIlw-Ijj Jjj>tlj ^^1 JUi*yi 

^ ^ » : 'I* jlUI 3j^^ :lJ[i!i\ n^\j^\ IjoJlI oXJ ^(^^1 «Jjti:» Jju «JjLi:» 
<iJl Jl C^T ^) y^y> ^^ .Oj i I'^c — ]| n : ^•Ay^l ^X i'^l ^^\ 
^^jLi> dJUS jJaii ^/ liLJj : Ji^Lvjj ^y>J . ljj.«-i L^j ^^1 ^j-J /«->lj-^l oJla J 
Iju^ cJjlp «-^Ij^I jJlIj jl JjiJL ^jLfu jl ^j-<Jl jlSCoU ?Lijl c5^l ^)w»lj-« 
t LfJLP Jl-Ay, (*r;^^ Cr^"^ *^ cIjLs-j^ ^JJ 3^><-^ jl U JJ-=>J *^ ij^ • -J'^ ^-<^ 

^ J^^l Jl L^o. oi U c JiVl Jp y„^ tib J ^^^ ^ Vr-^' 1-^ 

_ ^ : '\'^ JaJI ojj-w- jl UjiLiaj (.^^^-.Ju^l (^jJ L^Jlp ojbcuJi ^IjjJl 

oJ-A JjjJ^ jl ^j = *j-r^ Ju>j>t-^ IaUJu oj-Pi Jjl /wo.H,r?o ^Jlj jl^^^l J ^ >»JJI 

jO > t (j^ Mta K .* t. ft i) ! Ji».j^) (jj r^^j^ljJI r*\ A |3"L»J1 5j^_5-uj ^ oJLH^^ ux> *'''^ ^ " J (5 j^j^' 6e^' ,>^=^ • ^ ^^ 
Caussin 1 , p. 354; Weil 45f.; Muir ^M irJI jO t ^_^ .«jL5:iyi,> .'(i^ljJI '^j^^l pJ^j ^^.t<J) vWj * ^ ^ ) 

Journ. As. Soc. Bengal 19, 1 13ff.; Leone Caetani < ^1 kj .2, 85; Spr. Li^e 95f. Lehen 1, 297f. 

.j^j ^ j>ii3 li^j .jMiV) ^ fk^Vl Sjj-^l ^A ^>LJI 5j>^ ^^(j .^t 1 ^rti.* .a.a.0. 1, 220 - 227 



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jj iSlJu-^ j_^ *J 3| t Jjj-1* Cr^y, <^j-J^^ -^ ^1 ^J^ to LgJ j^j ^ iJL*j>t^ 
c^f-Ljj] ^^\ ii^L^l t^jjJLj lt^J-'' ^"^* *-^^ ^^bj-^' *"^ *wwN*.>o . JL«_j oJiJj 

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. jjjui L^L«j A:>*jJL>- 
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t^.jj-»1i >i.T Ji-i. oa^jj ij^M i^ya <jijliJI ^WrtJI ^_Ji Journ. As. Soc. Bengal 1 9, 11 3f. (j_>U . N N (_^ 
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.ijlA VI <nK1) iUJ j,^^ V <:! < t A r >i^,>^ lajU-^o ^j ( M * ,_^ .Thorbecke J^^S^ 

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.Goeje in OrienfaUsche Sfudien, Th. Noldeke zum 70. Geburisfag gewidmef, Giepen 1906 I, 3f. 

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L^ji- jl ^J^ LgJwo U-i ji;^ Lg-^ tiaLk>t>i jj-^-s^ c-'lJi 4JUI jj—Jl Lai 

yt ^_^LJl ^ oJuJl 4JL o^Ji:L; ij-*^jJi 4jw>j ^ i^^\ <iy^ '^^ Jj^ <• *^^^ 

Weil, p. 10; Caussin 1, p. 279; .jj...tfl'j) \^\ oA ^^ ,r ,^jjf ...Jl fjj'Wo ^^ *> t5^>^l fj^> > Y ^J^ 
A ,1. fll •> o Spr, Ljfe 35, Lefaen 1 , 2, p. 461 ; F. Buhl a. a. O. p. 21 ; L Caetani, Annali 1 , p. 143ff. 
Th. Noldeke, Geschlchte der Parser u, Araber zur Zeit der ^^oJ .ij>.>i I J-fj ji^'tl (_^l J^l ... o II J^ 

.Sasaniden (1 879) p. 204 - 208 

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llAj .Spr., t;fe, p. 36f., Leben 1, p. 464ff.; Muir 2, p. 146 .^^^UlK !^Xo ^A ^^^AJ\ iXi ^A* 

Th, Noldeke, Geschichte der Perser ^\1 ) ^Lij) o^ (> jUn.u <JLcoj >aj <<i!; ji^Vi jj^^^II tirjjej 
^ 'i a 5^ II t>> 1 a J 1) UJ ^j-o J^ ujjsli <Ciij^l ^ mij'.'nH (^jl .(undAroberzurZe/tderSosoniden, p. 185f 
j<\\t |J t> ■ aj n.lL JlSj .(Anecdofa syriaca ed. J. P. N. Land 3, p.236, 1. 12ff.) >^^^.\} UUL ^^n .t.llj 
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Lpl^VI ooji ix^Ma^VI jj.,.U->ll ^^j -Otto Loth, ZDMG., 35, p. 621ff. c^j^ .(T .JL^^b ji^) ^;^VI 
6 jjtj <ljK .^Ij jLaJb 4jI ^2JJAcJJJ)) :(_f^jijJ)j /ZDMG. 35, 61 Off. tjjl5\ 4jM1 (^jilnll ji ms" Lj-lij (2^j (L^l 

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.VAA (_>^ .1 jr <jj i.iri (jj^jJI fr!iU fV"\ (Y * (_^ *«(;,U:yin ^ ^ 

Orienta/ische Stud/en, Theodor Noldeke ^llS ^ <«Eine Qoran - Interpolation)) Jl a /) II (^-a ^^^"^ 
^i^HJiVl <_i-<a^ ^p^i J -^-ji jJljl ^•.<i .zum 70. Gefaurfsfage gewidmet Gie^en 1 906 I, 33 - 55 

.j^V cjIj (^ oL>iil (^ 2:lali* JU.jl <j:li*L 

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.ja^\ r^N^lj ^,_^aAll »j>^ >-J)i irt JJ£ JjUI 4^1^ 

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jAaos ^Ij 4i^ <_.^ V^ ^^i*:i \^\ tjic ^^jU^ p a J >i^,.>:*-i' Life p. 133 n. - Leben 1, p. 307 n. ^^"^"^ 
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.Wellhousen, Resfe orob. Heidentums 1 p. 30 (2 A. S. 34) ^^jj ^^j^l 2— ^tj-» fV ^_^ (i jj^ ^^ A (_yi 

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Wei!, n. 64. Spr. Life 184f. Muir 2, lLJ CjJ^ '■tjjU^\ ^jJ Sl!Lo roUKJI si^ ^j ojJ t> .i:>..>.-.. 11 ^1 

.150 

.UfeofMohomet2, 149ff. ^^^^^^ 

(> tjU .Leben 2, 16ff.; H. Grimme, Mohammed 2, 66f.; Fronts Buhl, Muhammeds Liv 180f. ^^^^^ 



-Anno/i deli' ishm I, p. 278ff. ^^''^ 



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.Muhommedonische Sfudien, Bd. 2 ^^^^^ 

(j^LL JiAi ^biJl ojJbiUI ^ji ^^1 ^^jA\ Ii4 J^^ i:;jl5 ^^"^^^ 

C. Snouck Hurgronje in De Gids 1886 II, 259f 455, III, 109; Rev. Hist. Reiig. Vol. 30, p. 63. 150. 

.Th. Noldeke, WZKM, Bd. 21 , p. 299 lI^I c^Jl <^'^' 



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^^'^^A\ /AX ;.!AJ iLdi j\ ^^'^^A> /AT _ Vi /vo oL5U iui ciJUi ^Jb ^^Ji.^^ 

CjLj^U "JiJi ^^^^—.i^i ^J,^^^ cS^-^J .iJoJUJl j^ ^^j-^L,*JJ \jS'^ Lg-i jj^ ^_^l 

.jJLj oJj ^1 SjLil Lg-J ^-JL^' U .^.■, U-jj ^^"^Kr _ ^ oL^i^l j! jjM 

jj5^ jl ji*j ^j^ . Jj^^l jt— JJL i>w5'lj Ai*>U ^^ jjAV /AA oL^lj c^jL^ 

<,.-^j vr /vi _ ^ ^\Ji\ ji i^Ji: ju^^ cj^ cU.u. il>.j ^*yi ^ksji 
- .l'^_>>^- Uii:^ (vr/vi L^i -) ^n ^_Ni o^- jL>Ji oju^^ .1^1 li-N 

o^^Vl <jMI ,_jJlP JaA3 J.la;^ iJlft /^ .4.4^-*^ 4iLi»l Jjli ^„.^*vJ>tj U^ ij 

Ijj^ ^ \ ./g-M oj>jj>-j_* Tij TT _ f • olj*yi . (4-wJL«La) AiU<s>l Mjo jJLJ ^_^I 
J^^>i^^ TV ^^ ll^' 4J^ 5^UI Xi l,H\ jl ^1 ^^Lj .^ - 1^ '.TV o^>Jl 
oi^ LoTT-V* LjL^(l J jSo j i «-^^ I ^ <0 1 *j . llwoj I4IP 6^ IjLo Uhj Ljlp i 

vj-uiUi V *\ J A oe^^' L5^ SJjljJl ^I't ■■■VI (jLi dJa ^^J^ <iLui) .(^j^l oJlj cic 1 .■■ ^^^j^LuJI^ 4nK tjjin 

.A\ I A\<J)l\ tjj iiifl"i j_^ c5j'-?^' 6:?"^' >^ ;«jj.^jlil ^_jli-u*U ((jLjj-uJl f 1 1 (jio (V"!. ,j^ («(jUj^I» ' ' 

,11 ^.«^l£VI. ^'""''^ 

TA ^ .«0^y'» <iti^l ^b^l *iA J^ ^U <''*"'' 

.Weil, /C. 2, 70 n^^"'^ 

.^jUi^ij t?-Hi*^:>J> !^^ '^v ^ <«^i£yt. f.u^ t:,. ^^ ^jjU t""'"^ 



4-a3*>Ul Ajjki^j J liU ^.-^ jl c^-jwiJl ^ .j^j^AJi ^ jbl iAjljJl ^ US' 
U.^ A/'\j V/A ^^^_^i ^ ^^OJUJl SJu^LLli Ui . \* /U _ r oLVl ^ LXJ 

^j-«_*^l 0UJL5UI jL> ^Li:LP*yi ^1 Lj«iJL> U-« 4.a-^Uj*^1 5^^I jJlJuj ^ij^^l 
.Sjj-Jl J^ "^l ^j^ (lltUai 4b-J^^^ (>«) -^ W^ ^^'"^^ 

j_^:L^i ^.-.t^ Uj JLj jl 4jLn_^ J-«-j Ijji <JLp jLS" |JU-=>T^ jL jLvaJl (jijJl j-a 
> Vj \ -^Z N V j^^vi ^ Lis ^^iiu tLiic j^i> iAi aJj loi u .(1 r <jVi) oj - sJ^iJi 4jj>^i <l^uji 

Sjj^«JI 4IA (j^_>j^ (jt ^1 Id ...fl'! ^IjjJi aJ>43 H. Hirschfeld, Hew Researches p. 35, 89, 143 ^^°^^ 
Spr. Leben 2, 33f., Grimme 2, 26 ."VA ^JUI ijj^j AV ^^Vl Sjj^ jjuj <jj-uJ ^jl5I iJC Upl ^ 

.Ua.^ ^ ^1 j^ u^'je 



?* *• f T "^ T ^ 



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.^,jc^j>tjj t\\t ^bJlj ^W (3-Lajl ^jj^ (*-^j-* "^"^'-^ tiJjS ^j-« 



(r~ir) 



Sj a,--** f\>^ 6 J LP *ww«*Ij L^^I J^J^ L^^^*" ' ^' Lj^ j-*-oJ P' r*— ^1 C*J^ j^ 



JL^ 



. Weil, K. 60 =^jl .Aj Jlj c^:,IJj c^-i:^!^! fjjM.riti J^j'.WW ^A (j^\ '.XX'K ^ .^Lij ^1 <^^'^ 
<(N * "^ ijio^ Sjj-i^ L^t (jjU ,oT |»^aJiJI 6jj^ <^l-*-a (^^jJ) iliUI LIjIj) 2 A. p. 69. Spr. Lehen 2, 34f.. 

^ (jLta.jjJI jjjo ^jj jjJ| tj jij^j U-i^ '^l^ -^Ij .J-aA-o ^J ^1 ^»4JL<»j| jj-o JUliVI t ^~t-> iiiljJ ( ^1 tin" i io ^i^jl 
jjj LfJ.^^jiJ IjIajuLujI ol-ij:b.VI (.j-oJU* 4j-i Jrt.a.0 (^^1 jij .OooUl ^-k g ~t ,; iSf iilV ijLS-o ^_yjr: Jj-uo^aJ^ Vl I j 't f>'\i 

111 - , - {^"^M 

.iijS j^_^l^t LJ^JL>*^ ,-*\...^il JiiJi Aji i_i_«aj (^dJl J^jiJI ^^^l^ J_H/-.fl"l1Li J,3XJ i^l j_jJI <:a.Uio liJfc IJLmJ ' ^ 

l/fe o//^ahomef 2, 320 ^""^""^ 
.WeiL K. 1 , 60, n. 2; K. 2, 69 n. 3 ^^^°'^ 



^V 



4JJLJLi , 4-J jjJaJJ JljLS tiljJl 11a ^j-SJ . !jlj»- 4-<^-Li LgJI ^_^ Jju" L^L:5 

jlj aJJuJI jy^ ^LlhuJI i^^jJL^Nl j^ ULJ *wiJLl>tj ji ^j^ Jb *>G toJlgi' -^jL*j 

^ _ ^t ^i.^; j^ p\ iJuj _ S^Vl cfj-^dl olNi . Lio!>L-l ^^^ oil LijLo 
•^-rr*" ^ ^JJj-^ j-^^ C^j ^ IJj Jli l^JLjJbtj jlS" L<kJjj . *^UaJl 'UIjj /^ij^jc<Jl 
Ujb J *uiG vr^ ^--^^ ^y-^ H-?j' ■^>=r^ ^UipNI v^'jJl j»*>L-Ni iJjLi 
^1 jj_Jl ^jj^^ o\ lA^^^w? jlS" lilj ..i^ljJl ^1 ^ ^T <JI Jio^l c-lk! 
^ ^^ /'W : TV j^^>Jl ij^) jLk^l £^L^.>> Ju^ ^.>^^l Jl^L ii-^U UgJ 

^ ci^bj Jl{\^^|'K^^ :v ju;S;i = n : m cJLs^ h\^^ |^^ : n j.>iJi 
jlLlw^ji j-0 aJJIj ij^i'j Jj^ v'y ^J*^ J^ ^'^. t^l ^-^ ^^ cT^ t>^^l*^^ 

4j(.^l (^1>^" ^ •^(•r^-^^^ — ^-'l i?l^i LJjbl^ ^UjJL ^^^^iju <.s^I ^U <.a\] 

j^ ^li JU J5 ^j . \jty^ ^ Jlj-Jl c^.^*»-Maj ^^^\ i-LgJ .^yx-r--^ jl ti-^^^ 
^ V I4J Je^ V ^^ ie^ T— :? y^J -(c^' Vo ^ .^ ^^.^ .^^^1 f^ § ^1^1 j:l^ ^isp^\) 



Sjj-Jl ^ -S^l tjJl vUj>«^ S^^ J«>- (^iJl j--jJl j^l {^1 4<^j^/l <:d^j-« Jl 
5^JL>Jl L^'IjLpj L^UlS" r^ jr^ *c^J^^ o^^l lA^ J-i LljJ *J jJUj L» ^_^ 
^^'^^\ V'^* "^^' t> V ^ ^Stj^ J^ ' Jj"^^ ^^^ u^ J^-^cL^^ N ;]i^*>UJL 



<«0 ii>j,^-aJI» (jJ ^Ai-a) (It ft-k 1il> ^jJt Jjg^^l .>-'-*^ 5jJ Kill j^l a^-tul <-aij '{r^ ^^ S ' ' ^ *^ u_>Lli (<jLjAJ1 ^j ^ 

.I4J Ijjj (jjJI <aKJI ;jj J^Lo ^_uiV1 llftj <M * (_>-& fAjj^V** ■ ^"^ u^ 'J^v^ <3:?^^^ 

,«U^ J J i^aH * Jjli (3jL5 • N ^ (_yo « Y ^^A:».ljH f 1 {_j-ei (KjjLaiyi)) ?^j4H-^ ftjJl f jj^JjJl A^^^t <tj..j<^-^J) ^ ^ 
•tfj '""^ ">^^ f J-A^a-^ (^ J-*^ UJ^) ^ \.*>^ ^ ^^ !^ ^ O^J ^^-* LT* '^^ 'J-* 4 "•> 'I fl II (jl t_jijMliii nJI Jj-SJI L*l — 
((jjjtla» hiK] J_yiaLk jj mil ^^Jr. A.jLii (^ ^ {_j-a (^ S^UJI 4jla1s t^j.ijrt-^Jl f N Y 1 tY (_^ (a^lCyiN '^jLaiJI 
Sj^j-iiJI 6JL4 ;jJ '^>^ o' Jl>*J^ J J iMfl'll lJ-4 tjja ^JJJ (_fjJI CiUj-* 1^1 JjJjj j*^ u^»t JjLi^ Uij .((jljixli» (jJJ>-*J 
ijli ^ jjla. .(Y<3 (_^ fHtjUHyin i(_5aiJ>a-**i]1) ^jSjja ^LAiVI 11* tjiJ *<liJ-J| (ji ^Sfl e->=Jlj <^ (_pi Jj^ 
*/Y0 (_j^ f((^^LSuVI» l^J^ljJI f jAa-o (^ J-i^^ f^J^j<^ 11) ^.j-'t.! rt SjJ-ijJI 6J-4 4jl IjjJtl ^LdOaJI (^j-cuAaJI {_y^JLJ 

jj j ^j J.I 4 .1 ...i-'tlL S^^j-i.^! <-iSfl I jlfi list" (_yJLll ijjilJI SjLi'ifl ._i t ,.i> Jj <4 tj» ft <fljL>-l ^* y 'tiA-^j ^ Ijj a 

^1 1 fl t8 J J) g 1 II ft ^ > ,\ in^j «■■■> j > If i_jj i^i nlly ^1 "■'''''' ^1 ^ * > I a oLiljjJ ^j 1 jii J^ .^kf.^^ LaS '^j ^'"^ ' ■" " ''J 

f^ (S^lUl <xa13 (^^^jjUI fj^ti.io"!! jji ^JLa^I f ^ • i jjLJ^^>j_ii. LjUA <> ^^^i ^aKII Jjj^j - -"-H iuk ^(V^LuaJlit 

life of Mahome/2, p. 59 ^""^'^ 

:Yv j.^1 Sj^^M -yo >y 5J^>^f^ :ri l^Sj^^;\ .\a .:^<\\ ij^^ (n/y <jS/i) <^<ij ^o^i^ ^^^^^ 

^U Sjj^ ^ N AY :VV c.UL^I S^j^ ( N / Y <J^\) ^^^j^UJl ^j 4iJ i«Jl^ .> N ^ : ^ V clj_«.VI Sjj-u. '. \ o 

/•\ <jSfi) <^^.ja-M.. Li>^^ .N>/(<^^:iu.)f ,_^) ^ ' :> • ^j^ij^^'.vo :r<K ^Jl\iJ^^*^v/^o .t . 

'.r/i :Y"\ ^>^Sj,,^Mo/M :V ^I^VI 5 j,j-*- f o ^ / o 1 :> ^ jjj Sj^j^flY/iV :ir ^^jJI S^>« (o 

j^^ ,ij()^'ji lLvV ^i (Y/r 4^Sri) ^^Lx^jJi^ Jj^=. .n ^ a :rv ouu^i s^^^ ;oy :i y ^^^jj^i s^^^ 

.YA :oY j;^! Ijj^ ^ Uj^j j^ ^ao^v-jJI^ .<uil!JI <ji<JI S^^l 



Xy\ j»Jj 4_^L>Jl ^ aU^l ojj5JuJl Ojlj-<Jl ^w»ij-<Jlj 



r ;1A :^ LSjJ) t^ioriiris 6 ^ti^ = )oM ^van 1 ,%j1 j^^ liUj ^U. ^1 Mitt x& **f iJjL^i .\ j * 11 
:A L^jL '.^\ ^ • :^A ^j>iJI) (J"l 1t5») STirr *p"W f^^' J^^II ^^^ LIjI Jj^ S^Ut jjjsj (r:N ^jiijji 

J^V :^'\ f^^ :NY ^j>iJI fXV :i'\ fo a :YY ^^^j^UI f\ :'\ (j^^\ o-^l ^ n, -. . ^:^,3lUI fY> :1 i^lj 

f\i .> :Y^ joJI 

Palmyrenisch de Vogue no. 73,1 (Cook, Textbook of north - Semitic inscriptions, p. 296) 

(_jj fitaby bi3 ■pa'n - <eJ>HJI ii.1 j i .^ II oIj-, ^^j jt.ijxJl ^ !^>^ j^ obv bib T3Tan _ > v :YT 
fjjV • ; ^ A ^jiUi '.X :A 4j^uji ^^^^i; ^ vynby bs ■ps'*^ _ f ^ : > jLiJ.'ifi ..u .^■■. ; > r :i u^^ ^^>^^ 
obiyn -jbTo <e^,HeJI Lj^j^hj^l ^jj j;*" ..<_> U ^1 _ .(ji.ljj-Jl ^^i IJ^) D^bTyn ^ini _ ^ '\ : YT jojJl 
^ L^jii jJiaJi 0^1 ^ U .(«^by ^bT3 ^ "^ : > i l>lj o :1 LuLii f.>^^ ^j M - :^ • [^j ^^i lI^^) 

egzT :LkAJ JjLj»j La <jjjj5VI UUL _ {i&^mp iS^^ oLk^^kL* ^) §aatXs^9 f&9 atapov X :So Lj^l 
^^^1 ;{ed. Dillm., p. 112, 2) V^ J .^511 t[<Jj->\n11 j^ji]l o^jJ) wilS (>] Jubil ^ 'a (kuellu) 'alamM 
amlakomu la 'alamat, Jubil., cp, 25, p. ;oY ^^^AX ,>-aiJ( Jubil (omlaka 'alam {'alomat) >• :A^ 

93, l.12f. 

jJ <:U.'\ ^AoX^ ^j^A (Jj-^^ -^^ ^*V1V ,^<^Lij> jj^l f^j^UnJl t:^LS(-\>/-\' :Yo Jl^\ Sjj-^ 

u'^^) l3d'>>^ jl * 1^*1 (-i Ai-JjUJj ^ -k ij-> (<-^ (jl-4jJl (j^-ftJ V ^_Ja-ILt .<jj_^( Sj-fJ>^l <LAjii (jJ LaLoj Vjj -^ <i (j^ 
CiJJ 'Vi aJj <iS^jj^ J^^'i'i^ tMCjljl ir>9n1l»^ (J-*^ LT^' {Jf '^J-^J ("^ '^^^ < N "A ^ aJSj (j^^jjLgJi (jjfl'^'t f^jj_iL\g 11 

(jja^V (j_o!)Luj) «_xai_uaj ^-^y/t Uu4jL»_iSil (ji <aK}\ dXA Jjj^ iJJ^ "^J '^'^^-^^^^^ LiL (jjJLa.^1 (jjju (^V tHi • 

<n\jiiif\ (j-AJJl (jl J-4 kiUj jj-o ^-AVI .Y (J*j (1 * ^_J^a <^ ?7 <9-^j-iIijjlli jjfl-^'t f(((J^LiJn) <_^Vl j^l (jjdJ JjJ LaS 



Jli ^_^l jl5 lil JU:j>-*^1 iJUfc iSjhj * ^"^ Sj_^JuJl Uj'U-J1 *^\yJ\\ ^ (»Jiii 
;i^i:uJI ^UJI j^^'C^\ ^ Jl^ lit L-i •y^\^ ^\^ o/^-\ /^ oLSII ^- 

^ LL--^ oLJlSJI jl jJ t Ijji Jjxj cJLSG ij>cJLLJl *^iJlJ ^j Vr*^^' ^1 

-([ ^'' (jl <_!< i^\t {jjii 4fl> rii 1^ tiilj t jl5 Ij n-fc n (jl jJ . ^ 4 .-k ">1 ft LI ajj MLft't ,_j-fl ^j-tiii-ajJI 'Vj^^ (Y * * ^J^ fa\ in A 

Mordtmann - (lj_uj jj^ jjUj^^ 't ^ c>Ji< j_j-i tdJjj ^jjIaj^^ ^.duil L^^ jjj ii^LuiVI (J^ Lo ^j-aj (j^e < •> j ^ i^i (3^1-»j 

Muller n. 43, 2 (Denkschriffen der Wiener Akademie, Phil. Hist. Klasse vol. 33, 1883, p. 96f.); 

Frensel p. 3, 3; Halevy 63, 7; ZDMG. vol. 30, 671 WZKM, 10, 385ff.; Closer 554, Zeile 32; 

Gloser 61 8, Zeile 2 (Eduord Closer, Zwei inschriften uber den Dommbruch von Morib, 1 897). 

(Closer 554 {^a w"t "< ,iu lli^J .* n-^ 11 4ij.Lr> SjLc ,>Aljtj ij^j.L^'AS aj-* jJzJj djlLufc<^ti ^2T3m LoJiJl J^-i (jl 
^j ^..iij^l 11a ^ j^ ?nKII J 0*"'*' "P™- ^'^ P'^« «"«"" "«c:a J >^^ >la-^lj V'Y jU.mJI I 'h n ^ j aijj 

(P. Smith ^^1) ^Ijil t^jJ !iLlA t4j^j,,.ftll 4j^)jVI 4jLDI ^_^ \^ S^jU o^-^^j ^-^ -c^^^' ^^ o-* SJjji.La 
4^L,^I i^i^^l] Usu-iiLjJi ^ Jiiij .tjjU.nU ^ (jj;*a^j^Lu^l Iglon" ..M (jll ^i <j^ljVl <ii!l ^ dJj^j 
(jl^ (iJj (j...:^ *^ Jiaau yo oJiIj ^UtfjuDVj ofrr^fMnrj ^•iiJI wI^jJ) ^ aj^IjJI Cin^ c>Ll1^I [,_^alAJ) ^LllD 
tTi-h t !<->! <aKJ1 4^1 ia-jj (^1 (IjiLuoi iiiUj^_^l ^ pliiljl (<jj,j^l qLIvGI ^jl |j^ Li.^'i .h^ p3m JLaaj-wI 
jjjLj ja (jJ[ ..jiu'lj jj^jJI Jij» f.LojL5JI t-i>jull (j_jj^^iil) i_ij .i^j laijs .Lij^^jtjJI <ill s-Lo-i^l j^sk.! ;j^jj o l"t II ^^i 
.(\ YY (j-o (N «^_jjjl1I (jLluJm *YY\,j-o <«(jlijVI)) (k4a3uuJI t.\JJL <Lua\j (_yjl^^jL£»J Li„>j*. 4aKII J^^l aj l»-i> t 
ii.1^ j^ (j-*J '(remenu) aj^^o Lijj^'i] 4aK11 SjLt) ^ hLLo^^" V*^>*^' i^KJI (jl <-iL$-jJl ^ j-^j 
Cook a.o.O. p. (jjU (j^jj ^ L^jIc jlt. iJLlllj ^^JilHlj JjVI ajLh^J' lA ■'^ ol:;^^a..i^ ^ Sjjj^ 44JV 

.295, 300, 301 

(JA ^J^ llfJ t^J^Vl JLi-iiiVl J^ ^ La^ ^llA jTt 00 |_,-aUJl LaLIjlxi (jil <<K<.al 4^^ iij-uo j_j_A ^i^ia.jX 
^ 4 ..li.fl't Jf^-> fi 1^ n^.a Lajjj .<jJLijijJl AjucLllA] ^liliijl ^ Jj;a.jjJl (^jiJJI JI <t.*3 mVI <jLUa-ft ^1 (oLiKJI JjJ^ 
*U j"* L' l-*-^ Jo-fc" j_yjj (jj^l 4jj(j ^ 4jJLjjjJ1 ^\ i-a-jJlL ^_ ^'i . t . fl . ti llj-Jij .HnJLua ti.t-t <mi ^jAjuoj (jf.=>JI tiUJ 

(Papyri Schott - Reinhordt I, herousgegeben und erklort von C. H. Y N j^JS^ ^^^jjji ^ <^ji^ rllj 
1'>W>" tjjj;i^l (^^ 4-aSLaJI <ixi^l iUJl (jU .9a4i»&90«oc 4ftK.* Becker, Heidelberg 1906, p. 102) 

(jX. jJilll t_9>j-aj .jfcj^ ft ft II ,Jj« n->"t ^-BJ-fJ <«jjLaj^jn jJ ua r.JI jjj| < Jl lA" K^-jL^jy, <i i^H jjLt jUltVI ^_P[ Jj-aj 
4 j'Sl n 11 SjlfiJI ^jJ^ SJjLslII jtJJuJI (_>&*J ^^ .laii ^a^jj^jJI ^2>-a:i.jJl^ ^J^^ ^^J^ Y /V :N 4^ "I ill Sjj-tu ^jtj <io_uijJ| 

4jT ^ S.i^lj Zj^j {> / 1 :1 \ ol.r.ft S^,^^ ?r ' :YV J^l Sj^^ f ^ oA/ > "VY : Y IJkJi '^jj^) GJMj 4^1!lJI 

.(YY :0\ ^^JtiaJI 6ji>u.) 4.i'>J n 

^^^^ ^ »a-! {fs-n DT' v? J^^ f'^' i^'^j -^K J^**- *k"''j.*^^ LT* *^j ^^* ^' L*^ 'Jj^j 'Sfij^Ji 



C«jLto*> L5*^''^ J^^-^ U j^ Lai .4jUJ| oJL^ «j^lL<Jl >c--Jl» lL>U^ *-^JJ ci'J^^ 

\W j-«^l ojj-^) jl^l ^___y3 *Li i^ (^jJl JLj»-jJ1 «_^j-Jl ^^ ?<^lj j^ UL^-a 
lAJU jJ-. ^'''''' V Geiger) » • ? o^Ju ^^JiSi :>UipNi ^ ^'''''\ (T i /Tr 

«i^Li -GLjS llL« :<:^je^VI 4JLU1 ^j .To :1 j-j^^JI J^ IMj.r.JI ^^J VniTT TT DT- fV> r :> Y ,ZDMG 

Jubil. C. 4 {p. 18, 2) «^b liitB ;N :^^ ^^1 ^tiS ^ 
(_^ V liA 0^ .*iTahn n-^fii^ '•rm. ^ ^ : ^ Y jj^>Jl iL^ ^,>^ jijl* jjLL.: ^^..aiL.^1 Li,>*<Ji UjjI^ (0 

^.i^^LuiVi (jl (j^ f-^^l (jit <iaii ^lllo 1 J I. lift" jl (jjlJl «-JuJIj jj^ tjllJtjJt (jLoVl ojK Ijl U_tfl (kj^l IVt^rti V 

i_ft-»^j (jl„>5JI j_^ 'ijJ La ljj.VCj .<AA.jlll j_^ oL^yu-ua (_jJ[ liiLt JJJ*-1 1 J( 6 J MiQj La .ia-j j5 P-j^j-iJl U^^ ^J^Lu\ll\ 

.^^i.^1 oUJIj ^llJl ^> U^ dlipT jiij^ ^''''''^ 

§ 6l>*J' Jjl-L^i fAV :\ Oj^a^l Sjj-uij ^ iaJlLiJI Sjj-lu Jj^*. fjj^.a'JI ^LJ^ ^^^jLlJI fYA ,_,-a t«U»^l» ^ ^ 

^«UJ| A lut^ jjilaJI jiJ-iJI cj'^?^ U^ jl S^U^l j_jj 6>»^ iaJLiJ) Ji nn'i ml jjj ^J^ ftoljLtl)) ^_^'ia»o ^jl ' 

^'>> o' J' <«' "••'^ * .J-'^ Ij iAaijij Liri^^ ^.'i t J L^— c^JUW ^1 CjLiVI ^jrtM !<->■•> ^^ <JLj j mfljfl ((<^l» ^^'m <\ Lai .1 () jA 

jj_L*iUlJI dJj J>=»" oj^ ,Y"V\ ii^UkJI fi^l (jjLs «6j^ frLjoIiVl jjLuj (Jjj .^ili^ ^f,^ n\ Lal'tVtiMJ ajSj <^^ 
jjjj (^ JJI ^ Y 1 (_j-o <«(jUjyi»j /VA _ V Y (_j-a f N 1 c->aJh AV : ^ J -^ "> W Sjj_uj jj « II fl"> j_jJ t^^>jIaJI l-a._i ii, V 
Ign. (jjL5 (iLjj.aJI ^JS «SLiXa» <^jjlJI 4 » KJL ^jJ^^jJI «LLi_a)) «< nl5C Sljl .ui » J^>^ .<-jjj-c. (_jj^l oI^-j <i. . ft ll 

-Goldziher, ZDMG. vol. 61 (Jahrg. 1 907) p. 866ff. 

.A^^j f^j^^MiSt^ U^*^' '^J^ ^-^ ^ '"^" (c^l-^ l^.tl mmo LIjS t^ij>L-kll (J ■ii'k.l J^ <dilA 
-aj-xLa (c^JM ftLix-a Laj A^l^A 4.aJ^ Laa.jla < 1 "V V (j^ « N ^^ij^)jjii 4».ujj t^A ^_ya fjjSjAJl ji^ mnll 



_ ((Li-L^)) ^„:>^^1 4-JLSGL A^l^ J-.^aU USi\3 .^L«-Jl JlL" ^ jtS\ Jj^ 

SjLp I4JI j^Jj jl oJL^j (^..s^s J I iJ-gJ JUtJL^l tJaii C-jL1 civ*^ ^ A:>oliJ! C-JJIj 



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.YAl ;_^ Ujn. V (Muller, Eine monothefstfsche safadische (nschrift, in VVZKM. X, p. 285ff. 



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-Albrecht Dieterich, Bne Mithrasliiurgie p. 115, ,^1 .^jiiLjJl iiUI j_^ <tj.^ll alA o^la^ (»-l cU^^iacJI 

J. Wellhausen, Skizzen und Vorarbeiten i\oi^ ^A ^J^\ ;vi V ^jjXi \ ^ *^.UU c^\ Ojli ^"^^""^ 

A, p. 87ff. 

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Rene Dussaud's, LesArabes en Syne avanf I'lshm, Paris 1 907, I ."^ j tjjIJ .<j>i^) t^^^l L^'ju' L^l 
Hailwig Derenbourg, Le Cu/te de /a deesse a/ - Ouzza en Arable au IVesiecle ^^lc p\J^ p. 121f. 

.de notre ere, Paris 1 905, p. 33 - 40 



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I. Goldziher, Die Sabbathinst'itvtion im I^i^IUjb dJj ^j^ Qj^ln.Jt j^liliJl ..LJt i.lj L.I .rA/r'\ -l91 

.D, Kaufmann ^j^ji t-=»j cf^^' ^-tl^l ^ Islam, 

Mem. de I'Acad. des Inscriptions, p. 420; Weil, K p. 60; Causs. 1, p. 396ff.; Spr. Life, 51 * o ^^ 
.p. 1 87f.; Leben 2, p. 87f.; Mutr 2, p. 1 86; Leone Caetani, Anno/i, 1 , p. 284ff. 

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G.Weil, <x>^.SYTl ^*Y ^^^^^^^IfoV ^.1 «<^LaJl .i^U iV^ ^ ^^Uuj, (>^1 J>^ oLU^^LJl <'^^^ 

.Geschich/e der ChaUfen 1 , p. 1 32 n. 2 

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.Leone Caefoni, Anna/i 1 , p. 285, n. 2 ^jjSUI ja-u^JI ^^ '.j^lal\ ^>j.u^l 



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ia^liUl ^^ <^jLuJt i*ij-Jt ^ Lfl^jjjj Sjj-lJI ^L^ tyc YYA_ YY^ oLjSfl J ..-.flja Researches p. 143, 

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(D. H. j^ . _* .^ ^ U_SCi . J^L5^ J.515 ^^;^1 SJi^j cjLJI ^I ^^^^j^ 
^ ^b'yO i-JLlJli .i^jOa.^ ;k^ L--...^ ^^^ - ^ c^\Ji\ c^oijf ^^^^\Muller) 

.^_L*Lri I j K Sj^j^l jt"ijLjft Julio Lol (4^jui Lfitj Sj.j-Jl ^itjj (_ji «oy» (_^^>KI1 

.lI.1 ^l^^ji-iJl o'ifjUlf JUj,t,H L^ ^^jl jI^I Yr\j r^ • ^:j3^V1 o' ^'''^'' 

. JSLUI sLa. ^ji j£.LiJl <_i^jLaj ^^l^ (^Ul (_5^l ^lUI ^^Ji. *,jj^ .uilj-i ^,>j>JI 4jjjV) ^jLu^aJI ^^jla^ 
I. Goldziher, Afa/iond/iungen zur arafa/sc/ien Philologie, ^j igjlf. pj^iAJI pLLIIj I g ■ ^ •;> > J .^al) j,>Jtjj 
.Schwally, Semitische Kriegsaltertumer, 1. Heft, 1901, p. 18ff. llkJ\ ^\1 1, Teil p. 1 - 25, 

.Mufr, Life of Mu/i. 2, 1 13; Coetani 1, p. 239 .lI.! IjIa ^'^^' 

.D/e Propheten in ihrer ursprunglichen Form (Wien 1896) 1, p. 34 - 42 ^^'^^^ 

\\i 



jT^i J^l ^ 



j:}\ oL^lj ^Uoi *.LJl Jjbu' ^1 ^i:^->yi aj^\ ^LUl ^ J^^ Ul /V _ 

IJufe pJL>xJU*j ^j .^U-^Vl j^ jia'.li ui^.,>^i t<jLiJ» Lg-vg;.i 6^^^*^! 4-«,w<kj>Jl 

^ AjLi IJl^ .(TTA_ \^T oL.":^!) Sjj^I Cr^ j^"^^ (*--^1 l5^ l^^,^*^' o^* 

j^JLij ^lla Cjj ^ ^ '^ ^ ^^^. l3^' L^l>- ">^1^ <x]aA]l oJjt Oj^ Jl J^^J^uxJl 

^_^l ^Uij . *-i^ Oj^ J^ jUj*yi ^_^} o^jJl ^_^ A.^ ^^^-^>H 0\ y^^ <Z^j ^ 
*-gjLijj>Tjj ^ j^,.vg gtj 1 Jj\_Lij LiJl L^ (jJucJ) t^j^l cLij oIj'VI oJLa jI *JjLJi 



<^Vi j^ dUj jjJi iiL^i . \ A • _ \v^J \M -^^'J\iQ .\i\j\\v .\\rJ\'^ -\'0 oL^^i ^^^^^ 

6ij6 ^<^jj^ t5^ V- No-j >r\j \N • oLfSfi *^l>^ iMi L1_»1 (>V'\j N'^Tj Mlj nv-^ ^) \ *a 

.Sj-^tlftH 4 1*^ n II £jlli]| ^1 a'l.'l" 

Weil p. 51 andK. 1, p. 56, K 2, p. 65f ; Spr. p. CJJ^^\^^ ^A ^^^1 f N^A^-^ .^L^i^ ^1 ^^^^^ 

.177 

.liMiol ^jVI SJiiJI ^ji jjli V ^j (^1 <^j-Mij j<-j-uj^ .^j^jj^^^jius^ ^iljji jjjU ^ ^ 

.VI ^.M <^j ,. .4-JU^^JJIfYVY ^r^LAA t:^l ^^^"^ 

.Sj^l j*^ o*ij il^) ^1 1:^ Tl LSfl Jje ^^j'"<'JI ^c?,>^J' ^t5^^^^ ^^^ c>-= '«Ol^)fi» ^^^^'' 

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dijij cil>- ;jiiJi s^i ^.i^ ^ ji AiJiiJt 5^1 ^ ^ cLi>-V n /I' _ro 

pIj^ t UJ>=*" ^-*^ *— iih>J j^lj i^"^ Jj^ 4^^ iJjL^ A^,.<i,.>t4J jl ajJjUp 4-<j::;S' 

j^^ vo/vt _ iT/n crt/rr_ ^ oL.'yi ^ j.ui ;jl^u]i ^;JL^ i>i .va 

^ L>L ^\ ^^_^ 015 lii U . ^L^.^. ^ \ly.^J^ cVo/Vi hy\ Ju ^;1I1 
i;5U 5UI^ oJJ! Ji ^A ;.Si cJl5 jl c^Aj Vo/Vl ^_^_SU H^LtjiJl i^'UJl 

.Spr Leben 2, p. 1 82. L. Caetani, Anna/f dell' Islam 1 , p. 277 ^i^U f^l Y Y • ^ ^^.LiA (>.l ^^^^^ 

.rx ^..j^'^u ^^^^> 

.01 ^.«oU:vi» fcgj' '\'.'" ^'^^^ 

Sj^) il_.,,.^i^(vo/vi _ iY/njri/rr_\/Y oU^i) s^j-^Ui^ (>(.^vu>^Ji j-^iji^^'"^ 

/d<\ rTY/TN Ao JiJj\ d_'_ jl AA/IV A\/l' <ir/iY A - /^ oLSfl .l£: _ *(lli _ .Vo L,VI Sia.lj 

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.Ij .L <lj _. (<4LfUI) ^A_V-V/Vo oL'^i.^j^t^*^ ^^/i* 

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^ ^ : U :ij_A ^ ^ /j^ :V ^\^^\ ^0^ /o* :Y^ ^1_hN1 <:\o^/\oo ,^y 
.4j^I ^L^I (.-«*^ aJl^ d\ i:J^ v*-^ -^-^^ ."yU:;:^! ^yi ^ : U ^\^i 

4 j»^ c jj_ c^j-_ 4*^-; (_y^" (ojj — Jl >>"^ i^) AV/AA - IV oL^/l 

^ ^ 4j^I j_ylp ej-,<aij jv-g-s<a^ .V^l ^j^ »J„^ Jj^ J^^ cib iS-^^ ^J 

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^j^ j\j^\ Jxi ^2r^ l^ c?^^ J^^ oUi^lIl ^y^ YOj Yi ^^^i^^Nl j-u ^ 

.(Vo) i^ Sa^lj ijT u^^^A; (J^^ y.H-..) Vl ijVi^ vo ijSri <*" 






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.iilu^ ol^ Jl A^_To/n oLSIj Tl/To _ ^ oLSII 

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.TO ^.«6m'" ^^^^^ 

.New Researches p. 144 ^^^^^ 
^1 L^y^ Cj^-.^ (J^>J-») ^"^ ^^' L-' •(^^) -1=-" SA^tj Ljl ^^*< .7.- (Jj^j^li) Ytj YY ^jLl^S) ^^""""^ 

^Lq-jjjI ^r^^ ^jj ^ill tjS Y • Y ,_^ A (j^^jU1\ '.j\ i ^ ^^ (\ cN f Jla^J oaj-lj (2>j' 'YA^ ,_j-a <i,LiLja ^jjI ^ ^ 
Weil, p. 69; Spr., life, p. 1 87f., Leben 2, p. 246ff.; Muir 2, p. ^U ■>.. ,..<■» ^j .^j^l ^> ^^ . .nil 
,_^ t;jtj \ \ \ cj^jj 4 ^>>3 j_^ j±a ,-■ iMj-c-jl ^204; C. Snouck Hurgronje in De Gids 1886 2, p. 267 

.F. Buhl a. a. O. p. 187; Leone Caetani, Anna/f 1, p. 31 1 ;oYo 



jTyiJl jj ^ 

^_^ Ujli -Uj>^ jLi" UJs-j t4-«Lal Liilj *^'ujJ^ uij ^^^j /♦^?w» jL-Jo 4JI «u>Jl 
l^^ j^r^ ^-^r^ ^^-^ VA/V1 ij^l L^ j-;Jj«J ^_^l tTV j^w^j^i OJJ-- 

li^J ^(o^Jl !>■> Mifi) >o'^L ^jAjtftJt j^jLiJl IjjjtLiu ^^1 jVl ^_jl:3. ^La^l j_tiij Jjjta. (/I Y 1 ,_j^ 'tf^jj"^^) ^^ (!>» 
(Burton, P(7grfmage fo E\ - MedJnoh and Meccoh, <iUl ^>o liLls l^di V) <jIj>JI alA ^-.'t Mil V ..ii ....11 

.London1856, 3, 353) 

.Wellhausen, Reste arabischen Heidenfums 2 p. 153 *i • * ^^-a (uJjUJ^ i3e^^) t^-^'^' ^^^^^ 

.YA ^M<ot53)fh, ^^"^^^ 

.Wi ^J^ (Jjli <1qj \Y L^fS 'NYAV SjjtUJ^ ijLiL .^j^.j^.-^!! f it (j-a Mi^jliiyiB ^ ^ 

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j! ^Ui JUJi ^Jai^ V*^J t^SLJl V'*^^ «-jj^»-i!l ^ Uj*> (^r^*i>*^ SjliJl 
c-j^^l Ljj ^ ^r^^^* ij^ iSy^^'^, JL-Jl ij...^>fcjj -c^j*^' ^i"^^ ^ Lg— JJ 

tiJ'^^^i^^'b ^^1 V^^^l dr^^ j^ J^^-^/r'y^^o^^^^^^-O^*-^' 

.{Sprenger, Life 124, l.eben 1, 306, 2, 528) 3:slLVI ^it a^^ j^VI ^^ ^ ^^^^^ 
f.^ 'ci jljJI :cS'iJ^>'*-^') ^^ c^ fJoJI ^_^i SjLil l^jii 4^ja iali Lfl^i JjiS jot . N * § joiJI .-jLj^ ft5jUoJI 

.YV § JI5JI ^L^S -c^jl^l !<j;jL-^l ':ill* oj^ ^'^^^ 

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^ t^^>jiJI La) .(j^aJI i<i^| ( A^ij I rt(j I r. t j jj^j ^j^ frIj-mVI <jLj> iX (_fA t^ Cy>j ^l>«-aJI "i/jl (^jijj 'j> i Y ,_^ 

Jjj tJUj .Ja.-va <ijLj <j|jj j_ji J tAa. ^\j»jA\ ^\ ^JLtj (N \ OV (_|-a <> e-J^^I) UiUol pIj-luVI ^^jlj j_^ jS^ 
jj ii niTtl l ^3'-'**^ rj'-^ (_g jt -> 1 il iiKlaJljij .P'l^^H^iU S kji/JL AT (jO *Y jjj^li iiiflll <ft 1 iiin aJjjJ ■'•■J '- ^_6 Luaj^ 

13^ Jjjl ^UiiVI (^1 tJuS 4^^ Ijii .(* § <3U.l) s-Jj ^-.Iji (ijlAjJl j_ji (S!jLuJI v^) -I"^ ^l^>*-«Ji o^ v_.l^ J..L 
Spr., Life p. 126ff. Leben 2, p. 527ff.; 3, p. LVI; Muir2, p. 219 - 222; L^l ^jjU .I j^ ^j^ ia.^1 
^jUkVI ^oal 4>6 frijiji ^IjjL^I cjUjjJ 3^j c^jii il>-^ It ^LijJt u' Leone Caetani, Annali I, p. 229ff. 



\^j . JUJI ^1 ^^ -l5I ^^™i: .U^i jSU. V ^ .^ Uj^j J^^\ 

^M>Ji jUaji^L 5-ji:^i n /r^_ rr /YY oL^i ^ z;^ ui .^\jS\ J\^ 

/Yn <;^lj c^^^^'^^^^l ^y^ u™>^ cjti /rY Ob'yii c^O^l Js^ 'L=r\^\ 
^J^ \IjaJ\ ^i JjU ^Sji3 . aJJU t^y^l jj^ljj <--.**>^ TA/T^, ljy\j YA 



Bousset, Die ^jjH -(Jjf ^ ^ i..t ,_fjij) ^^^^Jutt o^j-i*:; .1 ijSt-. ^ij (.j^j .^^ > c^ -l^j-II '^ a iiU^Ji _ y 
Himmefsreise der See/e, in Archiv fur Religionswissenschaft vol. 4, 1901, p. 136ff., 229ff. and 

.Albrecht Dieterich, Eine Mithrasliturgie, p. 1 80 

^^iL-Liil:,! Jl.S^lj<eTyJ[Yo] YVj Y^j[\-] S - j ^ ^^Sfl > lili <1*J. ^ Ji:^ Cr^ ^''"^ 



.Weil,Koran2, p. 74^'''^ 
.Weil, p. 377. K. 1, p. 64 2, fC. 2, p. 74 ^''^^ 



WY 



eij^\ '^jj-^ fj>l X^\iaL^ <JjJ llLic>- JUd^ j^ (1)1 IJbi jjjj^^l ^ya ^J^J • ^-^^ 

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.ljjiJi\ Ijj^ ^ ^„^ j'^^ <il^l (j-* ^1 ^-.^1^1 j^l j^Jb '^U aJ*>U-^I 
V'*^ /Ti aj*^1 c-j^ aAp olJI L^l j^^^ JjU W^j-^ ct^^ U^U^ /^^^^ <]i^1^ 

oLoji^ IjojlU at/A' _ vo/vr oL^ v-^l ui ^^""'K:^ ^ ^^i oUij 

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vo/vr (jl^Sflj (c^^>^l jjn,r. oi-oL* cr^) ygjj^t -M-.ti .■■M.^,. vo/vr <j91j .c^j^I^I ._.u.^. VA/VIj 

vi/vi cL;Vlj .ue^^l *^ ^jn.r> ^ sjLii ,_. ■■■^. vv/vo _ vo/vr ^\Ji\j .^i^i ^ .-^; va/v'\j 

*y-Uj^l ,_....^. AY/A- J VA/VA _ Vo/vr c.L91j <*u^ j.^.^JI ^ ^J^Oa ,.....^. AY/A* j VV/Voj 

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^ (jj>tj jjJb>xj Ojj^\ .4JuJl*JI Jj-?^^ J I (i • : *\ 4jjJI 5j^^ jjli) 

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^1 ^^1 SjL^i vv/vo _ vo /vr oL'yi ^ ^. 4,,,.^ V .1^, ^"^^\^^S 

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.WeiL/C. l,p. 64f.,/(. 2, p. 74^°*^ 

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ji ((ji)) uJi5 5:>L.j ui i,j^^^\ <.i^ j-o c^^jujo '^r/'^^ i.>i\ j^ .iJla ^ 

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.1 e>/r'\ <Ji\j^ i\/r^ <Ji\ j^j.rr/rr aJUj yy/yn Vi\ q^ .Lu^i ku ,_.t .^^. .^ , „ji IVJ^'''* 

.jtj^l (^jLa.1 (ji IjJjSj-o Iaj»j-o Lpao (jli "GL (j^>Ii i ' y VA _ YV/YY oL^I 

.New Researches, p. 70 and 144 ^"^^^ 
^ ^o' L*-^> =;^ ^ ^^ -»^' o' -JJ^ -J^ Y^ o^ (^ '^^l Sjj^^l oLJ^lj obLuJI ^1 iiL^I ^'^"^^ 

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(^A_ AT/Ar oLVl) 2\>rL^j 2:->^L Jlp c-^UI -L.j ^05 ^UJl ^''''\«^1 



.XX ^..Cpu^U^^'^^ 

tXo\ (\ Petermonn *(_jjjJ^ ^j^*^ " '-jXiK ^j^, tX ki^jJ^aJI rjj-o» 'cg^j* """^^ -^"^ o^ <jl5.'tl,i.uji ^j^--" 
£«(jLi:;yi» f * Y (j-a (^jLo Jjfl'k"! (((iLaJl)) (frLijfcjJI <_mU-^ jjjl fjN V ^^^ 't^jjJ ,3jfl'k~i (CxXi-^ l>^' • ^ ^^ iSUjJI 



:YVij YoV (_ya fE. W. Budge (jjfl"^" (<jjLij-uJI jS\\ .»VI <Lu:^ t-iJj^ (t-i,^ La jjaj t^^ jdji-mMl tt^^^n 
(Beitroge zur <ijJjJi jjj^^ ...i ... -^ > oLi^ dij (k^JUJI Ijj JJLo-o j^-^V tJe-Jj-5 ^^ ol*^ i^l ^>cl)) 
Gesch/chte des Aiexanderromanes, /n Denkschr. Akademie WIen, Philos. Historische Klasse, vol. 
o N ^1 i N lx^\ ^ S. Fraenkel, ZDMG. vol. 45, p. 309ff. o^1>* lI^I t:^^ .38 {1 890) No. 5) 
Carl Hunnius (Dos syrische AJexanderUed, cJ^ L*^ AX\ <i^l ^_ji (.j»e^j (^t^j^jL^ .a*j AY A) .^ .y 
^ --S" j^ <(;>-jJjiH jj)> ^j,.^"> j^ Vj Gottinger Dissertation 1904, p. 2 Iff. ZDMG. 1 906 p. 1 71) 

l^jlt t^<~i^ cr^>«-" <-*^-=»J-ll l-iA LX^ U^ tj-o J^ ^ ,<aiH jl ,1fl-hnl v_J^VI jJ-ur->Ajl j_jJi CiJli IjU .4^Lj_uJI 

<Wright ^jfl*^"* '«(J-«l^l» (jjj-aJI ^x>L5 .^jJo-Jlj hjJ» 4>o >^ftJL"t'j Sjjii V:U^ LjtiJI i^j .^j1^ ^ ^^'jj t>"l-j^l 
U .1. Goldziher, Ueber Duaitttel WZKM. vol. 13 (1899) p. 321ff. ^^jj LlUUI j^j n ^ o ilj .jVV ^ 
Th. Noldeke, Tabarl p. 169, n. 3; tjjil .iJLUI jH^Jl ,^ o -=> HI di-^li Lt^l ,_. ...^ja w^^^j^Jl ^Jn l^JU 
j_S wjjjjjill jj» ji-wul Jjulj .Goldziher, Abhand/ungen z. arab. Philologie 2, p. 26, n. 13 zu Nr. 28 

Jjtj» Sjljt wifllll JjLaj (jl ^*C fi J a 4^Lj_uJI j_pi Lot .<jj_^l j_^[ Lj-La jx^^j 4 irtlW \^[^-y\ < %j ■ *- > ^^j >J '^"t m l 

.iioLuJI 4-^j III ai* (_ji (_fJl<JI JAS .a5j .((Ulj^JO j\ «<J^ 

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^ -LtLiuj ^1 j-'-aj-ft *lajj .Ci^.i-^ ^jJc sa^J Cxj^ (jujj^ J:h?^' jdji^VI k-fl-uajj I ^'tj i ((o^ri]?n bT3b*'Nn) 
L^^ (jjU *D:3n]3br3 tlu^^ oIIj (Ujj ti-*j) r^^' ^j-^^ i^^L^ ^Par. 99, 2 <t>j^ji:UI J^^ \lj Jt.ljx- 

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11^ LIjI ^j'>< ...VL ((Curt. p. 4, p. 29, lin. 5ff.; Arrhian p. 3, lin. 4) j^j^jj^l ._> ,a-^\ t^jiLx:! S^.^^ 

4_4*itj Sjj^ua j_fl J *'>< ■■.yi fr^J_k« ^_yl£. _,>^Jaj jJhj (<J-a ut>Lll ii.! <j|j i(j>S Ij If^ Sji^la^jiVI 6jj i/t" (^jJI <UVl 



^Ij^Nl Sj^^ Llilia t^jJ o*A^l aJ\ jyJ:>\ U5 t^Nl ^^a«JIj ^LiJl oJla ^^;^aj 
Nlj .4.**iUl i^l Ak^i Jip c JLi, U ^^-...^o t..^-^ ^ai^j^^ (J^ ^-^) ^-U^lj 

J. J. Bernouilli, Die erhaltenen jjjLS .Aj^\ »j m>j1Hj <j^j-4jlkjJI <^j » a ti UajJI ^US ^^ l^j .U ^11 
Darsfe/Zungen A/exanders d. Gr, Munchen 1 905, Tafel 8, Fig. 4; Theod. Schreiber in den Abh. 
Ui ^U jj-.-:JI c>^ .Sachs. Gesellsch. d. Wissensch. Philos. Hist. Klasse 1903, Tafel 13, Fig. 5 

tfjjAC <J'5fl 45 jj Ljj jj't's imVI Jl f(o tV (N YJ a"J^' 6^ JjIaaII ^jujjij^ J^ LI .^j jj^ VI L^ <J .ji^ 

*UaJI f JAiJ jji ll::^. <tt*-t^ t^JJI iiIauiJIj ULaj ^tjjji /~\ • /"\ > 5jVh (j-^,>o ij^ ^^ j^xJI ill a^ ■ Jt Lai 
tjjlj .o-^ nil! ^^^ JaikJI AJ IjIj .(YO ^_^ <jij<'ult jJ-laJI ("t^jJ^J ;£ YA ^j^ A (^jjklU jj\<. .nVl Luai t_i.ui-i^ 

i-ij-ojj (Yo *Y' fY*\ :Xi ^j_^IJ <jjIj^I <jIjjJ' <-ixj>*:^t J^_,jii-JI ^^-i-j-o <-3>.j (^1 t>* c^j"^' (j-^ gr^Li lJ4i 
UiA. ^-ti Llk dS jl <(cornuta) nCjjj^ jj» *^W (Vulgata) ^^^.iS-JI <_.!"><; I i <jli3^t i^a^jlJI j^ij ^j^' c^-^ 

(j<a ^(^jjji^j^ dlj^jIlijJI <Jl.jujj (JJ^l -tJiJ^' LT**-*^ "Uk>^" ''-^^J Of-^^ LaLIjLjoj «(jij5)) (]^)JJJ^^^^J»Jl ^j >" jft K ll j^^ 

.(YV 

Oesterley, Pauli, Schimpf <jt>l-> ^^J jjU^aH c^a!; ^jjU) .La^Lc. JIj U Ut .t.'i^ '(j^jjjVI oi>*-'* ^l *^ 
und Ernst, Stuttgart 1860, p. 550f.; Gaston Paris, La Poesie du Moyen Age, 2 A. 1, p. 150 - 
(jjIj oSj .^LaJI (j>5Jl i>6 c^^^Mt* j^^ .H-* 'CJj^^ p)'>Vt ...L fLfJ jj-*^i-<» ^kdilUl ,1 87, L'ange et Termite) 

jjfcj (iJliJl jJ>5lU JjVI t ft n->'i II (>ft ^j.i-ijb (jo^ M.t t^^^Ajftll JA.I <Ui (j^Lajj jl J !*>*% t <Gji jfcdji (jtljJjJl 

J .-LAJ (OUJ 4>6 j*^^*^ .{N Yo ^_^ rO <jJj^l i£.^^-^jAl1 (jjU) j jfl . V . ^^t l ^'tjt- . H . lfll t c^jj-oVI (jj)i ^ £,jA? 
^jj) SI J "v II f\j.i^ (j\ L&Jj . 1^ 'ni \ fi tfl lj:^>-^ t flit-^" V ^ j j-fl Cjlj>ji^>AJLd '^ V ' ■ A«11 ^2jjbt a j.dLulj n 4j^lc: J^^^^ ^« ■* ■'■*> 
Ijlj .dLlft (j-9 4jjI l^K LuaiJ) CijlS LaJ>* *S?^M' Laj.jJj'jj n II ^^ IjfJ^ 'jjJ V*^ jV^' ^'^ UT* u'-?^^ *>-^'-':; 

Lai <<jjJtuJI iSLkll LaI jl . .1 o Jjij j_plll iijjL-JI LLlj] Jj ft^M.->j iiajVI SLpJI <JLaJI j_^ jJj^ |»-1 <iL> Uj^j al 
jjjJI <<jji_^l j^j-ui^j-a <j^ ^Ij^l (jd^ (.r^^'^ -^Wj '^^ (Ir^ 7>-" '{_H"^^^' i_jllill (--fi SjjIjJI *LiAiJt (J.6 «^ 



JO.^. 



.^^Vl ;_j^» il l j^^t Ij i^l t iLuaiJuo LaJI^^I j(|I^" 

I. Guidi, Testi orienfali inediii sopra i setfe dorm/enti d/ Efeso, Roma 1 885; Th. ^\ 3 ^° ^^^ 

Noldeke, Gottinger Gelehrten Anzeigen 1 886, p. 453ff.; M. J. de Goeje, De Legende der 
Zevenslopers van Efeze, in Verslagen en Mededeelingen der Koninklijke Akademie van Weten 
John Koch, N *\ • * jvlj^^-ui.*! ^^ <\ ,^i\n o^niii sij schappen, Afd. Letterkunde, 4 e Reeks, Dee! Ill, 
Die Siebensch/der/egende, Leipzig 1882; B. Heller In Revue des etudes juives torn. 49, p. 190 - 

.218 



>rv 



Ajl^j V j^iJl jl^^l . i*^ tA-^hlj tA-Jwkfl j-twaJ 4aU1 .^IgJl -dSwj AiJliJl SyiJl 

*^ ^_^1 ^j,^.,^tf^1j t^^L^Ji 4j>x^j:i!L UJL^ j-«3j j-"* VI ^^t-Li? Vj 5jl>JIj ^j-s^jJ! 
j-c ^^ ^_^ iL-o jj-Jlj oLVl Jj<^>H 1-^ ij^ '•P/^l Cr^ cM-^^ "^^ L^"'^ 

^ .,/?•: 5" LfiS^ . UUj LsA L^jJl?- ^dl^'." ,^jVl jj^^ (^ ^rfr^ "^j-^^ c^^ r^J"^^ 

^i yr;.^ t_^JiJl ^jJL-*^lj AiJj <3!>U aJ oLtAJ (^bJl JjkJl .7t-*->*J C-*-P- C4j 
Ol^l Jj^ j^ ^ J^y oJLaj .iJu^UJt Vl tijJ*-tJl ^UJl ;jA ^^Jui Vj .<^^ 

J. Wellhausen, Reste arabischen He/cfenfums, 2 A. p, 236 dj\ jj\2 ^^^"^^ 

.s^ ^r «^L.5^ Nv<i^.s^ yy .Ij.s^ iv M. 
/r-vAT/Yi <Y^/YY <.^i ^ ^^^j^ ^1 .sjejc ^i>^i ^ a^j: ^tj .vi . ...i ^vi oijLxJi 6- ^'""^^ 

.Vl/VV*Vr /V£ .V-/VN LJi\ ^ ^IJl , 3 - -> ^j N'*\ .^A ^-W/^A A l/^o .YA/i- .W/TA .Tl 

.^0/^-V .^Y/^r <A'\/'\- .Al/A-V 

^3-1-^ >^t r<lJLbAt ic-^ ic_.t"l^*\ c<^^^ojhl ^^^^Jft^j .^j~ III oil Ja-m^^L^ i_j^^Xujl Ij Jl^j-ahVl ;j ><i-fc1 ^(-B i^ n-fc ft ^jlS 

•(^^ 6^ l<^ ''^'^ ^j^^ •^yy^^ ^*^ *^^^ 

UA 



Oj*-*-?- ^_^I ^li-Jl oJl* 4j^>*J J^J • ^^ ijij^ Lg-.,^AJ JJ— Jl Ul . ?J1 OjJ 

(_^^^Lj jl t Ijyw- ^y>^\ lj>^\ JJ— Jl ol U-i *-(Sj^ <u^ ^^r*" JU>^ Jj«ij 

Vl <ia IjJLai^l U tilLli «-^ jJ ^^_yi?- .^"^L^^l (JLxpLj aa*jj jj a-:;^ (^^^^^ 

^^L>-1 Junj oj-^La ^JjU^I oJLft jt. ..r? J |>Ltjfa -jjI .iijU^I ciUu *wa aJlSI ojj-«Ji oi 



*\ iiSfl - .? i.i J-^ II V 5j_*IjJI iLwj-JI ^jj Sjj-i^.fl II J.J---JI (>o Ulj-Lu Ij-^li^j Sjj^l ajjfc jjj-o * -^j ^° * 

.J^ S(_j^ <((jjLSjVI» f(_gj ni'^ ftjJl f Ja-v n [j^ jA£, f(_5*l^l^l !(jitul]l fjjjjiijJI f^^j^iJI 

ieben 2 2, p. 7f. jii^i^ Cu^ .> A'V ^^ (^Lijb tj^l ^"^^^ 



Ul 



ioy<\) 



(^LkLiL ^^rj tA _ \ oL^I ol ^ISL jJi^ ytUiJl Sjj^l JSLi Ji 4,.„-.iL 

Ul . (ViJ ^ 4«oU^^^I'» LXi Ojli) <ijXj1 j_53 (jj^\ ^LJ jl jlks^Jl ^_^ 
As^^Lj dJL.^^ ^^U-1 ^ Lil ji^L^ coLi»*yij l^Jip- Ijj^ La "wotL (^JJl ^^<>^ 
j-^-»J , .,^>^5 jlii- Sj^H-t^ ^j-fl (J^J Jj4^ ^.^^y^ 015 U-jjj .4j >1 oJ_^ (..5^^^ 

Lol .4^^^ J-^"^' U^ U-' V™^ "^^ y^^ ir^ "^y^ «-J^j ^J^ o^O^-^' 
/UV_ no/Ul oL^l .(L'VI J^^) ^J^\j}\j ^U^ ^ c^Jiil^l ^JL. 

. i • ^U 5 j,3^ Jj^ altjl (jjL5 ^ ^ 
•uf^i ^:iU f^ji .OJ.1) ft^^Hi^L^:>ll '-(SJ^J *'^'^ 



l\'^ikS\ cUUJl^j c^^^ /^^• ^^Nij <.Lii:j d^^ J^V cr^' ^y* /\\^ ;.^i 

^to/tr : n J>J1 Sj^) «^jUJi» ^ ^ Jl j^-^l *W--' Juj^^ybj .^1 
p^Ul jL^lJi j,^ ^_^ ^L. ol Jl Nl ^^1 ^b>o N ^^-Ul (V : Y^ ^UNI 

jjJL)^ ^ ^.jllSlSl Jjbl J I -ya OJUjl ^ A^-jJl ^J>^J . JU.:>t-0 ft-^^J A^ewS* j^^JlC' 

^JlJl <^LoJLiJl ^LjNI ^_^I dJb Ju*-) J^^^:^ .iijLJl jj-Jl ^_p ^i U «^ <.^ c^jJi 

i-^yl ajL iL-N ^^ iJu.^,^ jl ^-ijbjJi ^„ Nj . Y 6^1 Sj^^ ^ u'=l/^ro 
JJU-))j ^U:N1 ^^^^ ^'^'\(L1))j oUoNI ^U^j ^ J--I^l ^^^1 ^\j^\ 



Snouck Hurgronje. Het MekJcaansche Feesf, Leiden 1880, p. 28 (> ^Llll (:jU_>JI --^^ ^^1 ^'^^^ 

oULj Jj^i« J-A^-c <jl^ JL?^=^ <_i iit'tllj jo-AI^I 4jjiJhl ^_jit iLi.V o'ifLLo ^JS \ Ia^ >--^t 'II IXft JJji JJj .- 40 

.(De Gids 1886, II, p. 460, 466, Revue Hist. Relig Bd. 30 (1894) p. 64ff. ^15) iJLLJ) ^J^ 

j\\' :Y 5>4jJI Sj^j^ :Sia.lj Sj-a) 'u jj" > j .nol lj J^>4jJI ^j-ijJ tjT>lll (_ji ^>.^^" ■■■" <ciIo» i^iS ^jU Vlj ^* ' 
«liL))) (j^ljT i-JUl J-i-al (jl j_^ eLi. Vj .(jjil j^ ULIjuo "i / V :r a (_^ Sjj.-uj .olj-s jjj) ^j^J■^■nHJ ( ^ \ E 



u 



l^^l 7zjj[ 



^ ir /H :ri L- tY /r :rY so^wJi Sj^^) ^ij ^ «i^^Jl;» ^^ ^ j\ j^^ 
_ ^^^ /\\* olSi j^ uJ>Ji i^Ja^i j^- ji j.^jl>w_ .^__Ji iJugj .juir 

/^i ^,Nl d\ ^J. ^ ^^■■.^, Nj ^''"'^\ Lii! 5^1 dlL-^ objoi \Yo/\Y£ 
:>^\j (*\V/^o hy\) 4^1 X^)^ SjLp ^ o:>y>ry> '"^ ^r-r-^ ^'^'^\v^ 

(jl yf^uj-^' c> o^j •L^'' VV/(^j;,j.ai^.^l^ Lf^)'^'^ ■'''''' ;>^i s^j-- 6^ L^^ ^ llA .^1 ^^ *> 

.4jSfl ad^ LuuLyul vj^l jjI fe^l^i C}-i J^^' ttf^J^ UJ^ 

^ Iji^ jij^^ <iSJ *((Jjiii.) > Y i ^ ^ Y : i pLuilJI Sjj-uj ^_^ Jaii Sd^lj S^y^ ul>^' ^^^ j^ La 11a ^^ ^ 
(3 o .«jj .(V : Y • j^LiJI djUl jUi.1 f A ;i N pUjc^I) ^-tjtalj j^jJI ^^^ S>CiJl aiA jjjj Jj-i- x5j .i^m1-> II 

j-i-ilj-aj uj ^ YV CjLLlu (^_. Y vZi^^aIIo ,_yJjLJI Jj-aJlll ^_^ ^li^ («Jj.j^» <la.V <j ft.jjbl^l oLLji j_ji |i^l>jl 

(B. Beer, Dos leben Ahroham's nach AuHassung der judischeen Sage, Leipzig 1 859, ^aJ ijj—L\ 

^^ ^n no jJij «jj» <''>ll)) tjl,>iiJI Ajj ^_^ aLSS OjiljSfl <ililj <_H«\:^ ft S^Lua ^^^ ilLa «j*;Aai'j» jl H. 427, 950) 

.(Y :^V M :\ • ^..\JSI <JL-j JYY :Y ^^^ iJL-j) 7a««4^io« ^^1 ^,'.j...<vll ^^"^1 

Snouck Hurgronje ^Hef Mekkoansche .^ti^l J^^^ V^e-*-" »:i»Lil^^l (>i ^_^ U ~ II IjtjLio ^ ^^Hl v^*-'* 
jiu;*-a ^jlj jt^j^ (jl Jjl; XJjj Jl jfA?J 2^' (,*-* ^j^J^ •" u jj" ^ ."""l l uu^ 6' '^. *"■" ■ ,' "^ Feest p. 28j 

Jf, ■'! ...I'. II <^|j^» (AjIx. Jft-^ n (JJ^) ^^>tl bllLlA ^Jj^ilaI^ IaiLlu Ijjl^ 6JJ"^J '""^^ U^ Lf-^1 '^s^'':f <£^>xuj ^J^J 

. n N Y (j-a ( ^ Y • Y SjJsUJI OiJa < Mfcd^UJI ^^jul^JJ 

.JJju (jjj (> (jD Grimme, Mohommed 2, p. 26, Ijl* ^'^"^^ 
.WeilK. 1,p. 64,K. 2,p. 74^"^) 

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— P tS jsx^l L^ AjI AjI JJLhj j\ /»c-*«1j aJ 1JUj>«-o (1)1 jJnj <.<yjfjjij\ oJLft *lJLp (_5^ 
/\*T hy\ (jilj ^^J . of /♦.J>tjJl 0J_^ J^^ ^Jji ij-y^ L» ^-UJj . U.^- ^^ ^ s^ .^a 

j:}\ Wr/^O i.'yij Oi>'^a"^^ U^ ^^ c5^- '^^-^ '^^ Uc^/^J^- c5^1 ^*° 
JUtj U-i Jjb" U llJli^ (^jiJl 4cr*^^^^^ 5-JL5^ Lyi'^ (^ i>^ -J^y ti^^^ '-J^ *Jl 

i v^jji^lj (^LJu t JLjjtj ^ jlr^ ^-J^-^ *^^) c-L«— L i-U--^j t<LMa-aLp oL-sii>B_Ji 

*uJfl3 j>-^ f^lij tSj.<*j>- c^j^ *^«5L<iji /^ jlJj jl *^ JL^>->t» *Jwo /j^ ■,r-?"T ojL*^1 
^ <JLp <jrj:> ^_^i-p J-*.>t^ jLS" <t^;^ <.l^ ^_^ f-%ju^^\ Jjo Jj t jls^I 

.Weil, n. 369. K,2, p. 74 i(jj\ ,Aj.lt ^^^j ,^^ .^t fo ^ <N ^ > ^^ .M jjn.r.lt .yrj^l ^"^"^^ 

pIjjL J j*^ a*; II <JL^j (jJ ^j^ ^ tUji .A .ViTtf ^li ,jiiJI (j\ ^| <-uaJU. ol-^jol"> ^j f(^ YAy N YV Lj^l) 

. JlliJI ^ ^LftL r4AjLUI 

(^^l-ajJJI .YAY ,_>o (^x^ljJI ?j j . H j" . I t (j_Bj jM Y ' ^j^A ^J^ (^j-JaJl fjOAi ^_^ .^Li._A ^>jl ^^*°^ 
• C^j ■■■ ^ "> ll -J^^ (j^ '^ ^ «^l-tVt» '. A ^^ r> t^ j-A^ f^xa.ljJI TA ^J^iT ij-^J-^ 'iSJ-^'^ -(j j " . a"* 1 1) 

•<'Jjk>*^l i_ilijjj1)) ij^pLjiJ-LiJI ;i Y fVY t\^ fj^ (((jjlSj^l)) f(_fjLu^LJI 



^ g ..f^ nj ^^ t4-JJLo LgJl ^jiaj J I t 4-JJLo oLI [J^ !>Ia3 Sjj—Jl /j-a ^J^l i—A^aJi 

j-a j^^^:;^ J I i iy /t * Ajy\ ^ %\^ZJ\ ^'^ Sjj-wJl ol IiLjco ti^,..>xJl friip <^ ^^JLp 
oJla Jjj?- ^-^-^ j^^ kJ^y.Lji ^jjbj tj^lJiiJl Vj-j-^-L-wqJ ! t— jLLsCJI oLiIjj 



.Weil, fC. 1 , p. 64, K. 2, p. 74 cJl ^"'""^ 



HI - , 1°^^) 



Lfj (jj-o j_yjJt ail^^^Jl (j-a 5l a"> III n L^V 1 I A ft J (jJtjJjij <JljLiiJI Sf'l^>AJ( Cj U< Aj-a (j-a i_ij»_ii»l LfjLjl^j-o jjl VI 
(_jJ t^^jJaJI Jj^J -W^^^V u' *^^' '' '*. ' '^ *'-*-^J LT^ 6^ ^ IXa.:*-o (j^ .^^^ n l.Lu.Jt ^Jjl ^^^ LLa.V (jjJtoJJ>jjJI 

.^ • * tj-a (Bruns - Kirsch JjlLsJ <^Li,^^I ,s>i^ ue' c^J^ UJ^ 

Geschichte der Parser und Araber aus der arab'fschent< <,i 1^ .oj jjN • * t (_>^ < N ^^j » U II ^* " ^ 
.(^jLAaJIj ^jj^:l^>^^\ U.j^j jvflA J3I .^_^>all 'ijj\J\ ^(^.ia.1^1 fChronik desTabari p. 297ff. 

(Lebeau, Histoire du (>ojVlj '(J^iot^^o^cFCoff) jjj^iki^^l a^^^ «jl^^^^» ^^-jjJI uV^ '^'-* 6^ 'Ll*-^ 
.Y^ Y (_>^ 't5,->^' (^iiJji Li-aLk (jjL5 (j;Z>9oMk) t^,.?^' ue'j ^*^^ " ^mp'^e, ed. nouvelle) 



oJUs- j\ ^°°^\(Chron. Pasch.) oL.jJU»Jl Jj'jI t_.w«.>^ ^'>L^i -Uj "^ U ii^ 
J^J^ j^"^ /^^ t>ri^^ !■> ^"^ jr^J ' W^ ^^J ^i"^ ^J^ LgJi ♦-Pj LgJL) U^ 

^i .._^) ^'"'^ * /w i.y\j ^'^'\ \o/u hy\ ^°'*\i:.xji ^ j^ijuji 

.iJx» ^^^1 U^^^ (s-^UJl oUjI ^2^^^..^™^) ^"'^'^^^n/Ui ^iSlj G^l 

(jj c>"j-ftJI (j-1^- (^jjjikijJiJ) jj^ (^l^j -0:^^' «^J lH ^i>>^ f^^J ij-*'-^ J'j ^ 6^ U:^'^' d j^'^} u i ftl U ^vl^j 

.K. l,p. 67,/C.2,p.76t°'^> 

<*jj -ill l4Xa ^j^l.J LJ .i:;_^ oUKJl o.>--^ ^j ,p^ .g;jL\.>Hj ^^.t.-^ftj^lj jft-.. c^ j,^ f"'""^ 
^L :iU ij^jJI ,_^.xAiJl c.l^jh-JI U •c^j'ifl ^Jl. uWjIj^ W/>Aj ^1/^V ^:^^l (2^.^^ s:>L^ j^l^ 

j-at iilJj Jj^ (jjU .;j..i.3>.lt Jill) J-iAj (jAaaJI Juui diJjj <^(2j:iJ*.^ 4_<iKj Ji.^ SajJa ^^i 4jSfl ^^^3.j"* '*" ' 

.n. >^ja1i J,^^ t«J wnft/t.li i^uSi) tj-^t-wj ^1 f Jft"fc ft ^ 

■*e'^' Jj^ 'ueJJ' -^^ ^'^'^ 

(«'\'K\ 

(jjJojJ-LuJl '«Jj,>lll t_jLj_iii|» f^i^ljJI f J ft-t ft (^ J-**- '^^ (J^ '^ ^ ^J^ ^^ iiifl'tl f^^^ikJI .4_i.tiij < iA>j-aJt ^ ^ 

/Yo l/i\ ^ ^j,jj ;J, ;^^ ljL^\ ^^ ,M> I M M J^\ ,oy I o • iJi\ ^LUJ ^^ ^j^ Vl. ^j^U ^*"'^' 

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(jjTV/To cjL*yi) ^jj ^^^^.,^,3 ^ 5:>Lp ^i-juJI J^J-«JI r^j-*-' 0-^ Kj^^ ^^ 

IW • oLVl .V^ l\K <,5U ^^- Ao/At ^I'yi jLipI J^Vl ^j ^''''\OjAo 

^i Lai . Al^ ^^JL>Jl J.^ U aJ /«-=r^7J L^^ (*-^^^ t^'^J U W^ •'^ - ^ '"^ 

.^^/j^l A.^1 ._™.>JJ clJIo^ UT/U« ^_Sli J»,^j^ 

^i Ul^ Xi /T^ .rr /TA : ^ i ^^\j^\ ijj^ ojjr^ bjj La jj^^ 

ji ^j^(^i^l j^^. jjtA/ro olSfl ^^'''"'\j-b IjjL^^^Ul ^^y^\ 

US' IS^ ^LVl oJJ^ ^^ Ut /Uf : n J>^1 Sjj^ J^ c'l^Ui UL^y:> ^i 
>oJb ol tl)j^ ^ ^\^\ ^JL V tlJipLsoi lS^\ ^y»» ^"^^ .AJj^jjjfc il^ U^^l 

.(U W^^V :T ly4\ IjyS) «v^i (^r^t ^ iljLU^ 

^2,Li.j^Vlj .J^^4-iJl i3fj^ (j* J-*itjJL >\ fi-fc ft ^[ J-«-oj ^->^ J^J Ui-^^ f^-^^ '■^ '^^^^ lJi^^^VI jjJjjJI a_uiVI 

p^ljn I* II Sjij-ui) ^2)'j:^^'J J:?^' J^JJ^ o^J^' >^-\* (V -(JJJ-* ^-tul aI^-^'i mL p^JjJI Oxj (^ j^- j jiil a^^-VI Jl ft^ i " m l 
^ (jj-a.\ ijuaJS 4j1 ^yl j^u jJ cj^j li^j .fA"V Mo :^ > jj^ Sjj-i^ ^AT Mo :V k_iljj:VI S^j-i- 'J^ A> :Y1 
LaJfc (jjjjL-iiJI (2jI iJLUIj Jj'ifl ■ ■; ■■■'' J^l (3-0 IjjiLfil (jl (jj.ftldULk.a.11 fc_>uiJI tj^w.t.1 fj^-LM sij .f-LiiJVI ^j.-. irta 
«(jjjj <-<»^ <j jj-uaJLJIj (_pjj'j-o >a^ 4 iiia't j-» i_>_i« »i (jl^ iJl Lot .(VAo ^^^ ((((jLajVIm) j^Ij i_ij«--ii JjuaJL 
.Cheyne - Black, Dictionary of the Bible s. v. Midian ^ <^j: .c* Cx>^ -iSJ^^ <L,^ aj^i 

e^ilx. iVT ^_j^ (k^jUjVI)) f^jLAijJl '^jJiJt^^\ fjj iiifl'ill (jj (^^>aLJ1 f>u-fc n (jj ^^-at f ^ VT ^J4» i(jjl\jl\ 

.[r\ A\ A'] LuiA^\j<Jj$^ (Ji^Ji) "(ojri AijSr Ar^w ^j^i^S/i (> J^ - ^6:*^' 

.> r^ ^_^ iljLfcl (jjU .Het mekkaansche feest, p. 40 ^*^^^ 






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Israel Schapiro, Die baggadischen Elemente im erzdhlenden Tetle des Korans, \, Heft, Leipzig 
1907. 

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.Weil /C.1, 66, K. 2 76 L^l ^<.=^ Iji* <"^'^ 

.Weil, Geschich^e c/er Cha/ifen 7, 1 74 

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t aJJU Lij! ^^^JJtJ tSJL^lj ^1 4i<;A;>xJlj ^^j t jTi /fO Aj^i oli t ^ "^ / W _ 

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Jl ji ^^^^^'^^ ^J SljU 01^ ^Jl!I jjL^i ^,1^1 Jl SjUl l^ ojy^j Li.1 

.Weil, p. 256f ; Spr., Leben 3, p. 401 <^''^ 

<l^l t;^ (^^i-Vl t^jl-Aa. J^ j-aU. ^^ dij iijjU*. ^_*ij Leone Caetani^ Ajinatl de//' /s/am 2, 1 , p. 90f. 
(J. Wellhausen, Skizzen und Vorarbeiten IV, p. j t,cu j^I (jjJ Sj^IjJI oIjjJI <Jajj ..it ...i dJjj iil^LUI 

•(^ -"^ u- 'uliW^) c^^»^< ^'j^ 152) 
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Jl^^l 0I j^;:jju^ ^■''"\(L Caetani) ^L5 .J *.^S U5 lA^ .^Ju jl LJ 
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Skizzen und Vorarbeifen, Viertes Heft, 1889, p. 1 - 83; Das arabische Retch und setn Sturz, ^^"^^ 

.1902 p. 1 - 15 

.Annali dell' Islam i, 334^^""^ 

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.L. Caetani, Anno// /, p. 321f. 

J. Wellhausen, Skfzzen IV, p. 15 - 17 ^'^"^^ 

J. Wellhausen, Reste arafaischen HeJden/ums 2, p. 238 f > V ,jA ,jo aMtl ^jjU ^ ° ' 

«Die Gemeindeordnung von Medina» im vierten Heft der Skizzen und Vorarbeiten, p. 67 J 83. 

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^VjA f»JiA-ft (jli ^j .Noldeke, Be/frdge zur Kennfnfs der Poesie der o/fen Araber, 1 864, p. 52 - 86 
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Weil p. 90; Muir 3, p. 42ff.; H. Grimme, Mohammed 1 , p. 71 ; J ,^. " \^\ ^-uJj (jh ■,• ■■• ~ ; 
cjjj <L2 u^j^ fJ Mohammed (1 904) p. 64; Leone Caetani 1 , p. 466ff.; Fr. Buhl a. a. O., p. 212 



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A. J. \\_i.\-^ J-^>1 ^j 'Sprenger {Leben 3, p. 46, n, 2) <_LiJI 5JLu^ (j_a LJ!Li1 I ^^ ^ >'j ^ <L.I jJ lla. 
J J -^ _. - '. 11 ^[ (Wensinck, Mohammed en de Joden te Medina, Dissertation, Leiden 1908 p. 1 08 

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JjjU .Jj-iJI ^jaJi l^^f^^l (_^jVI (JJ(>J1 ( j,*- > jM . /i 

Joseph Bingham, Anhquftates ecc/es/asticae, Halae 1729, Vol. v, 275 - 280; Heinrich Nissen, 
Orienfafion, Sfudien zur Geschichfe der Religion, 2. Heft, 1907, p. 1 lOf. 247f.). 

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6 J Ni< II <^Lil jj (j^jjoJLu±aJI ^J*lJLAJ tA-jji ^'^>^. jg ■"< ^^>a_« j^ jji jjI ^^ Jj«' ti'jj' *^3:J " •('^ . lt* J '*^6 
^ ^jVl Sj_i«Jt J.LVI oV *obUJI 6l4 ^jj ^ .'L<:.Vtll J ^L^ Vj .5j^ 5^1^ obU: ^jS/l j_pl^ JjVI 

^^ I J nl n^ ,ij ^j^^i'i >^1 ^jkj^^^' Ul9^ U (J ^"* "^ J *^ (JjI fl nil ^— ft . < I ^1 -^ 4^ iijjfl t > ' n'~i tj^^JI jj mi j< -^ -h It ^J 
4_il, j^ LajL <jui^>jl1L wlj^^-iLt)) 4-*Ki .iiJJI iU^^ <U Ljajil La IjJbj .Sj^^XJI CjLjIjjJI f^->* '-'^ 'IjJ-i^ 
<a1ILj <i^j>-J1 pL&mVI ,t"^" 14^^ (i-iJU 4j^"i'ir. <^^ U .aiJl >jfJI ,jl».AJ <(«jj^\x.H A^Jj^^l *LaKJI k^ ^Ij^ jlu^MJ 

■t^jj^JI ^>u<JI ^Ll (^_>u^l ^j t^j-^ .>*-^ (>> ^L*JI (_^ c5J'..54eJI u'>**J' f Je t^ ljj-iL«JI (jjkLlij .<^ljVl 

uje^jjtj'^' LT^^ ^Ji-^ ^^ 6^? ^-^j 
(Weil p. 90f-; Muir 3, p. 471; Spr. 3, p. 53f,; Buhl p. 21 2; Grimme 1 , p. 55P. Leone Caetani 1 , p. 
431f., 470f.) 

.<jj^iAJI Sjlill <jljJ (j-i j\ <^<J1 SjliJI iil^ ^'^ *^ ^5*^' * J . ^ II lii jjK Ijl Loj ajjij-ii* 

li* j_pi jJjJI <liJ f-jSj^ I Uil t"ijl J o"'*Jfl (a^^.a^ ^J-*^ J-^>-* J-^ jl 1^ fij f's>-'^ uW Jjfl1 j_^l S^)iiJI Lol 
t(Jj.i6inll _j^ lUl n"<~ll IjJb ^1 S< InlS t AJ-i<A j^ i» A J) u->ll ^^ -^^-'^ ^.J-^ J *■"■■■ ' ^1 ^"— '^ ' ^l^ ■ a i< ^*^^ ,^^^_uj) 

.Ij* >r LSMlkl jjlij Vj '<:^j CibLt t^ Vj A^iLuj^ ^_i ml ..J jl£!il j^ jjUjj j»J < 4.1 j 5. II Jjj^^ 0^ <LiLi 
. i V N (j-a ((^llS (^j^ L^t (jjli .^_^->jM.ftll j^yAoAjjVl ^j.^n LuiUlSl <ilJj (_^ ^jj (Lefaen 3, p. 55) j^,^^ 

~ ) i \ (_>-a v«(^jULoJI» ^luS 'tS'^U' (jj it^^L* c>* ^'^" ■■■'. Lo^ AYY <1^ ^^i ^j ^ Ijl U.LG - ah.L_. _^vi 

G. Jacob, Der muslimische Fastenmonat Ramadan, im Jahresbericht der Geograph. Gesellschaft 
Greifswald, 1893 ~ 96, f. Terl, p. 5. 

Cijl^ ljl Lo <t^ dlj^jnall (^^ jjii -Laj^ ^JjJLiJi ^J^ ij*-^^ U^ (-awjuaiJl a j j./-> It (jj^ jjl (_j^1jjiVI IJjA lajjjluj 

.'<juj^>jl1I 6jj>j>aJI <Lxj1i ^ "^-^j (.f^^ <.4^^lJtJI ^jAj iiift..!) JlS:^-!! LuaJ ) j'l'i t"> oj ^ ...j'Xll ^ SajLujJI SoaJI 6 JJt 



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Ji-. i'<J^^j\J SjLil JS" Aiu; ^^1 oL^j i^Sl elgJ jl5MI ^^jJl c..,r-:U 

Jj^^a.?- JU-?x_a ^^ -^ 4 4«jjL>ejl 'ijtJj *j^j Jj j! ^SLa J ^>'Lj>- 1 ^jrr^ c^-J^l l/^J^^ 

jJLo 4 villi (T*^^ .-A-^^LJi 4:-*Ji ^ 7y^^ aI^j} o^..,>?->j ^Lui aj^^SL*^ o^lj^^laj 



1^ 6J.>^J -^Lijl l'i\*\Aj ^>*^l i>> ^S^^ I'^j •^'^ ^ajlLVI ^1^1 Jij ^t-0-uij.j (Ij^-i J-oKJI ^j-4-eJI ^X*-Vl 
^zJ>ij J^LfJ* J-aI iJl» :jTTV (_;^ Ji^^ii Jja-^" * n(C*^.^^4iil» L^Jk£. Jjij ^1 4 j^j . .. nti <j^LJI <2^ j^jJ 

^* '* ■ ^ ^1 ■ -^ ■ A.L)I A I 'l ft 1 j^ „imII ^^po t^ n^ \\liAj^ .^^-^ / Lf^ (Jl^^ jj Ml ^^ ^j-uiJul [c-Aj ^^^ (jitrt in II 

G. Flijgel, Manx p, 97 ond n. 245; K. Kessler, Art. Monichoeer in Herzog's Realencyklopadie Bd. 
XU (1903)p. 213. 

<^jjVl .C. Snouck Hurgronje, Het Mekkoansche Feest, Leiden 1880, p. 49f., 80, 135 ^^^U ^^'^'^ 
N ^ Y / N M <jVI .<ijL..uJI 4 •> ii.lt (ji A\jj <(((_^UcillB jl h4j .aHIw (^-a-i-Iij p1 .^all Sj-ex. s-ljil ( jL^.^it ^;;^l ^ 

t\ V»i § g_aJt ^bS *(5jUoJl ?t 1 I ^_^ 'OJJ^ J^tfl-^" (M(^JUUJI ^bSft 'C^uiil^l ,_iM.-^; ^jM,t"fcH ^Ui (_ji cJjl 

<<Ut ii4 '(^oaIjJI ;Y (_^ *N T'^ t_^ A ala-JI <jj...fl~l) ^t^^j^i ?jj...o"ll *_.l:i^ .^lo^l ff V § «(5J,UuJl» ^Lli 

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c ^ * » / V\ o^UNi f'j^j ^«-ms>j^I Ijla f-j-^ C/^^y ^,jj -^i^^^' A^^j-^^ 

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Ia^"^l YU /Y^o ^^N^i Ul ^""^'^^ ^ SA^lj ^J ^/l c J ^ <(J^j^ 

■•S^j^j^ d^^i*- Iajj^ ^1 t^^vi j-^l>Jij (^'^ § ^ <J:3^) ta'v .yaa .yao .ya\ .vvv 
.<jio cjUS^I 6lA jl^lj li->« .Hartw. Hirschfeld, New Researches p. 144 (^^^ jS i._ii ...tl 1^ ^'^^^^ 

Lai .M ^ N "V (_^ / ^ (5^ lUlh "loL ..II fi I iV^jl <Li^^j (lJJ:*^'^'j QiJ^LjjQ mlh 4.1^,1 iiL.n oLcLa^. <li^^ <^J^ 

^_pJI -Ajaj^^ -LaJi Uj^ -^J •t^'^' (j-ai^l <J g - ft xu j Laa ^>j^1 j^iii Lajj (Ujl^Xl Sjj^iJI *IjV\ ^ .^ rt -k <i J-^J 
<xiLa (^llli5 ,_^ J^ J^j (jjj ixsj ^ jLuaJiVl cf^Aj ^Ul JIjaVI JS ^ .iLa.'if 4iLuil jL-uJl jj£ ^I'l-L-t 

: i pLuiill Sjj.*Aj (ij-o jjjj LaS (SiLuaJI <^Jl1 Jj5 VI It^^jjo-a ;J.uaVi ^ jrt.-^ll <-jj-i tjit *Jj '(j ^ V^ jj-s (Dozy 
.1. Goldziher, Muhammedanische Sfudien 1, p. 21ff.j 4jVI aoa J^ja^ alijl tjjli .i'\ / IT 

nr 



^j JJ JL^IJL ^.^:^uJ> (Ji^jJLi) T^n/T^^ ^.Sll o ^^^:UJ ^;jJl a..^ Jl>JL 
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^^y (j^^ ^ijW^ ^liUj i— srj j-^ /y ^,rc^**^^ (*^' (^ V^' <i*Jl ^^ lj-*-^j' 

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. i pL-jJI 6jj^ j^ (.r^^^' ^1>J\\ d^Ju>JL 4j aJ'^Vp ^ L^L>- IJJ^ LijI 

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j^j^ «^Liji (>j| 5^>j.^ (jJ Sjj^^^I oLljVI UI Lefaen 3, p. lOSff.; Leone Caetani, AnnaW 1, p. 463ff. 

.<...ij( ■ Jl iLuJI ^jk J^l (_yi JlS (_^JJI 

(Robt. Roberts, Das Familien - , Sklaven - und Erbrecht im Qordn, Leipziger ^j »^j » 11 Jj a. 

.H. Zimmern j A. Fischer Ujju-aj (Semitistische Studien II, 6 (1908) 

.j\ ' Y / > • > .1 ^Luoiil 5^^^ Jj^ iibj ^1 t^^^^ 



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jLSL^ i_5jj ^^ «^^r^l lT^*-^ t^^ ti-J^' JLJL ii^U LgJ jjYVA oL^fl 

'((jLf^)) Ljb^j (^_j^_>^ oIjIxcLujVIj Jllill (3jj 'i^j <3>Lc. ijij ol>3JI C^ -'j^J-* 'j^'j L«jj-iij Lajtjl uf V 

S^LuaJI jji Ij II jat'i ...l J_^ -^^L;^' (j*jail is^ ^^^jfti-^. Jl i-Ajutjj ^j-^ujiH <j( voA/Yao <jVI ^ .u3 ^ ' 
E. W. Lane, Sitten und Gebrauche der heufigen Egypter, iibers. von Zenker U p. j jj -i ^" ^i ^\J, 
^ t^^ .(^1 Y § jj^IaJI > \ . r . oH (^lajlJl - ^ * § uL>^' JjLAi k_jLl^ (^^jLkJI) iijU. S>5 I4-JI >_>... mj .72 

^J ^J ^ *{ V'' *^ 6'>^ J' ^JL^-- ~ ) "^ J*^^ CH=»^ -^J^; ^e*^' '•'^ W^ ^_flJll3 ^1 ajtj^flll J-uulJI Ja.>ll 

(V Y : N A jjjiJjjJIj tY : Y Y jllil Jjj,^^A-ua ^_j\ji f^j^j^ aJ^ -f^^^ t^-'.i^J^' ^-jjVI ^^Jj f^^' -4-*^' (j-« l^J^ 
JjVI ^LjVI jUkl ;r : \ Y N j>*>il ^D^jp SjU i^^^I u-j-^ 'Jac- Levy ; ^ A : M , Yl : ^ j^j^l liL^ 
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no 



YVA oLSII j\ YA^ aJ^\ j\ YVA oSf! ol ^j.^^! ^^r::^. L<*^ c^^^LkJl 
^.;-.,u ;jj:>jKli i^r*^ ^ cJ> JL3J ;*d5 jl^JI ^ ^Sfl ^^\ ^ ^""^Na^ 

^1 oU^va:Jl j1«-« JSLiu JjLjJ ^l YA^ . YAY oUSfl Ul , l^J Sj^Ul 

. /*^JLo ji 'j^p-Ss^ jYAo olij^l cJii" l-*jjj 

iw-**j A^^ aJlaJI Lft^^^xjo U-3 i^JJU 4^UJl Uj-jjo ^A AiJl 6j^^ 

c-jLl^I J^l ^ jliiCJl ol JjMl cS^j-^^ ^^J -^-^r!-^ ^-^^ Jj-^ ;>H W-^J^J 

■ *^ li-^l <_5~*J -^-^'•'^ ^'-*^J /jc^'^'-^**^! (V* '*^' (3^ JT^ 'CS^J 4*jJLa Sjj— vJl 
oL*al /jX] . L^JL« JjJ >^... ..J I IJL^J *U$v<J1 jj*Jl <yLj 11 •^liljl 6jj.*>> 

^ S § SM-x^l v^ <iiCA^>^ <(^Uul«) ^IjjL^l pLi!iI ^1 ^ LJ3I ««SjiJI j^l^,, <;:jl:LfSfl ui^u ^'^' °^ 

Hartwig Hirschfeld, New ;«dJI Ltjn ijX^ 'Y^^_^ ((((^jUiVl)) '.(^J .^j Jt -cgj .t'-^ ^j-lt ?,w-> ^ jjj j-^ ^^'^^ 
.(jjj1_>JI (j;*j j^jtb Researches p. 143; H. Grimme, Mohammed 2, 26 

.Weil{K.l,p. 63, K. 2,p. 72 



jT^I J^l ^ 



(v.<\) 



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'- /*; IJLa (1)1 JLaJLplj . iJJLa LgJLS" Ojj— Jl Oj-S" Ajjj La ^^j . 4-JJL« 

JjLxJ (jj<\ oL'^0 ^LtJl ^->J1 Ui .T S^l cjj^ ^ ^^1 ^->Jlj P^l 
^L.*l ^.JuJl (^•>U^1 <5L:j^1 JJ S^ J^:i (^JJl ^^1 ^3 ^"'^'^^^j^l c^.-..^ 

.YA ,_^ <«jjLijyl» 'tfr-j-.iii.A^j p i.tl'tHB W.LII f^_ylaj I J nil -(^jJI fXt f(5jL.tf>jtll .(5^ iH-^ fijJI '<iil <UA 

<jVI (jI (jjjLuilJl (ji (^j-ojlllj (5j(A ill) ^aSVI (5j;A-Liiilil iljlll Jjij .(^JaIjJI '(5Ji^l Jjj^utilH ^ij^^jLW ^ ^ 

.(.Li.**j) j^ V iljjJI tj^ <Ouu^ ^jj ^_^ <l*JjJI vlJiwJ SjLaJl <iflli JjIjjJ N * 

==) SAl ^A A (Ji^^) j^i-^ ;:^l - . S V • ^.Y «4^UJ) j^U fYVVA ^j.N «<_.L-*VI>. ^^^^^ 6^) ^'"'^^^ 
V^ .jbiJ jjJ j^^jjaJLui-oJI *_a ,3^Lij ^ <\S I t jS t rt O-flj ^-J /< I ml <_ii^J J)l f jl 't irtl ^jJJ (j-*) (JLj^ (Y i * CSJJ^' 
.(jj ^1 Jl«) <1uaJ1 ^ Vj) jjilJI ^_jJl I^ja3 .,_^LL-il jjUyL j1*1j Uls Ij^ jIa* atj-a ^ o'^^' ^j t^" ■■<: * 

J.x^l» -^>f^^ (l>jl) 4Jo-l5 LUi ,_jAll t^AAlj <<xiji. tl^ljli (_jJ[ >5Llu Vt,,ja. Ij^lj uti ijua.J (jl J^JaJI j^ jOjj "GU 
SjjAaJl AlxijJUi i._ii iiitj ./<.uuij J J .^ftll (,>afc^ 4;_^h "Gjld^ > «-J.jjJl (jl^ 4^Jil Jli^l tj^j^j'i «uLlj fj\ j\j\j (<i<Ax\\ 
(_^ *^ <1 (^3'^^ ") -i*-^ 6:?' f^VN (j^ *^LiiA 4^1 \ ^jjJ' jj^ja (jJl «U>i*ij UJ^ Jft^ii i»jtl».l <jjla.VI jli^jilj 

.(J. Wellhausen, Skizzen 5, p. 98 ? \ Ao 



jlj^l jjjb 



oL^jll j-fl !>Lli aJlSI jJLj LgjjJia^ jill .«-j*yi ^^^ o^...,/gtfll ^-J-^jJl S^^l oJl* 

Leone {jjU .^V ,_^(\Toi (_^rN (jj^^UI = 1 ,j« <iVl(_^ t^UL* (^jjI ^^i 3! -> ...I ^^t :«L4j_ujLi)) ^ ■' 

.Caetoni, Anno/j de/l' /s/am I, p. 497 

j_^[ 4ij^ ^jj L^ "Cul^ Jjt^ CS^>e^' ^ -i^^' ->^' (j-» l/*^ j' ->^' '-^ (> *->;^^'^' f"^"^' (^ UJLi-^' 

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f ^j ■*'^ ^j" f£ (jiO' ' < hjjjLjj jtTi f^jbjdujLftJI 4JuJLi fA_»^Lj 

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Weil, p. ojLJ» -Lgjt "^j.'^* i(jgj M.^ '^^-It fj_i .Mj" t^^j .lill !(^jl^t ;(^5a^.lJJl !V • {j^ <T ^^^^ii:ij-ui:i (<j^ujjUJI 

.428; Causs 3, p. 144; Muir 3, p. 272 

,VY ^n<(jL5:)fl» ^"""^^ 

JjL»j La : «und wonn ihnen vorgelesen wurdens :^ U^ 4jLiLJVI ^_^l 1 j " n -;>^ (j-v^ ^^ ^^1 

.«quum (=:quotics) legebantur» .-^j'imUILi 



/OA oL^^i .(rr ^^L ov/oo ;,^il j^li) i,g-...J; S^l Jl :s^^'''^*^<iAi^ 

as'^^ji-ji jjlL" jbtj ji ^"^"^ ^^<^ oUjI Jutj "^0 /"^i Aj'iji jjjj j-«^>4j . J-^ f^ tir* 

^1 d\ Jj t *>U5 dj^^-^'^r^ ijj^^\j Oj^j^r^ \y^ J;jJl3l ji ^jri*^' c5^ -^^ ^ 

^^UjJl <JL^ JjLjJ ^1 V» /n*\ ^_Sl dJUJb 0^"j .^liJl ^y^ *^JLp ^y 

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^ V\ /Vo ^^^1 A.u..^'J U ^j . 11^- <,-^ cJjJl J uli: jVo /Vi ^^Nl jl 
Xn-j L&l^ ,^ .^.i^ ilpj tj^ Oj^ ^ ^ ^■o,lji<-^ olS" ^^Ji-Sl "^j^j ^-^^ oL^ jj-j 

J. Wellhausen, Skizzen und Vorarbeifen 4, p. .(^jl .\..il f^^j^jJl fjj mi<:i1) <t^,>^l J'VV/'^N <jVt ^^^ 
frt i^all .iJLj iLiJI j_ji t^jn Ja I^jSj Jj4^' u***^ 6*^ (Lala. (jAilJH V iilli-AJI oLaj.U nil djjb (^,1 jSjj (82 n. 3 

jjjLS .*Li^ iiVi <JiJij LlA ^-kj io«) ,>al*J t_jt .11.11 lijJ TY t_ya <«^jUjyl» f^jLwajJI .^^^j .»-> o^l .'^^^uLa-tjJI ^ ^ 

.K.1,p.72,K.2,p.82 ^^'^^ 



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^^^ ^j cljiljl jjUI j_^1 ^U- ^I ^jL>t^l LXi (YY/(4^jjr^^ 



Weil p. 83f ; Caussin 3, p. 24f.; Muir 3, p. 1 7f.; Sprenger, Leben :^[2 .^1 iil^lJl *_j^ *j-Llill ^U£ 

.3, p. 26 



.Weil, K. 1 p. 72, K. 2 p. 82 lI.^ IjIa 



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Gottinger Gelehrten ^ Rud. Geyer JjUIjj -,j:i^VI J-l5 L. ^j_4-<Jl ^JLLJl ^ l_4JI ^ SjUj (1 :\ '\ 
CitSU UJli^l J--=I>JI U .t5>.Vt diiliLVI ^j^ Anzeigen 1 909, Nr. 1 , p. 40 des Sep. - Abzuges 



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Journai Asiatique ^^^J jj .uArt 11 (j^aJJI aLjIj jJt^^j A A J-uaJJI <N «5j J^l "^ a H ^ ni^» *(j-Kjj '"^^ 
» -^.ij Lft d J I « i ct-jJ^ (jU» ol a1£> ^jiajj III II ^^jJ o^^ V J -Lii>^ i.t^'-'^'^' u-i^JJ' <Ji ^^-1^ 1 854, p. 482ff. 

.((<dJ1 Jj-tujM iaii «<dl^_jj^jj «dil Jots (j^ Vjj Jjhj *«Jq^1 

J. Wellhausen, Skizzen und Vorarbeiten 4, p. 90; Leone Caetani, Anna/i deW Islam \, ^\ i ^ ^^^ 

tij^ ;>* ,^jl ^J ^ \ A Y ii-i^ (Etienne Barthelemy) (j-^>f o^hI ;j-^>iJ* fr)'-^' >..ftn.~<l p. 725ff. 
^ {M. Belin)(jjlj ,^ Uj_i^j . j; (^i^ j^^^^iJl ^l . \^- , ^ ilUu^ f^j-*JI J-^VI UUJI _>-ua-a ^ I^^<^^ 
c.aj .Alj ^"mjU'.U,..^ 11 ^^[ li^V <JLu,jJI c.ifl'> ^j Journal Asiatique {Juli - Dec. 1854, p. 482 - 518) 

jJ.duaV) jj^ Sjj-i^ ajj^atj ij^ klla "^ J LT?'-*^ -^-^J .4 a tjtttll (_jlj-i-ujl igS 4ja^ a -h ^ II ir^' ^Li^-^ <£.j|a-^ /> ^[ 
.4-. t"^ in. ^ JjIToJIj 4iuJ^lj .(jN * V (jA f V\ * 1 (_^liJ1 6f-H^ SjjaUJI (V jiJj A V i^>aJl) J^^-ll 4U o (ji 
J^ dilJLll J^a1,4.o jJj .LLA <ulr. ^ Laj, ^ flat .i^l ^jj^ ^Uo 1j J«^j'ifl f^fl^ o^ 6:P^' '^^ CT* lP^jJ' kA. a 
d_Lul 1 u^jl Jj <i_i iii%j (_ijlSJ1 A-iiji f,jpJI liA (j-o 4 J n 1 1 1 J <iiJJJ (_f-fl J^JJ pJj . t4 'tjJrJ) Jj fjJjJ-aJI .i "I ■%. II «_lS^^I 
^_^lj ((JJ^Mj ^ jj'inll ^_PJ J . ^ . -^ ft 1 i juj! 5-o^J^^ ilLuu^ p lAil ill jjj;J|^l Jj.:^ _ .LjJLuajL i fl K fiJI Jj-u>^l 

H. L. Fleischer's, Kleine Schriften 3, 400f. = ZDMG. 1 7, p, ^j-JI ailJI ,^1 'C^^^^\ ^ c>^>J1 
Jj^ wj 1 ' ■» jjl^ o'j*^ ,_ ^j-a ^ ^^ ii in ^j jjL jjij (^Ij f^l ^0:^.1^1 i5^j J J nAiul l j_ji SjjIjJI <jfjjJI Lot - 385ff. 

UajjJ;. Lr*->^ u' ^^ J:^^ *^ u^ '-''f^ -^^ .Sj!^j>^ SLi^ (j^ Sj)^Vi SjIiJI ^^^J J ■<->-> (jj^ >i5 4JiJ . i * § O'-*^'^' 
(J. Wellhausen, Skizzen und Vorarbe'ifen, j.i n> ^^^1 J 1 ^ j j Siijj^l ;>& Ijjjlj -j»" c*JtS ^ < j ■ s ^^^ 
ai^l SjLj Spr. Leben 3, p. 372ff., L. Caetani 2, 1, p. 198ff. ^j ^ <*^j *Viertes Heft, p. 155f.) 
<LuJI j^ l()U-^j f ^ ^ £ (_jd {\ «(jiijft->.1l ^jIj» fjjN V T"V (j^ *C^j^ 'Cf*>:4*^' •*^>*-^' •^^ iLoliJ) ^Jmli ^^i «jj 
414 (_jj J..r.->.j ovyil _ oY^o«\ oLjVl Jjj:i ja^Vt Ja^j .-Ol-^IHI iLuJI ^ >A> ^j^^i j^^ .Sj-iUJI 
t^j^l oLiI (_^>»JI lu-^ j'-^^^ 'JCi^*^ * LT* '^ >*-^->:^ ij' (J:J-=^ (J-" *{^^ ^ o^ '^ -J^ * ^ c»^ *^) ^jl-luLlJI 

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.C. Snouck Hurgronje, Hef Mekkaansche Feest, Leiden 1880, p. 42f. j ^ r^ ,^ a^I ^jjLS ^''^'^ 

• Tot (j^ Y*-*^ (>:'' 

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L^^ \oA/ni _ \oo j\\\ ^^Vi oL'yi Ui .S^L-o UgJb ^iUl j-ojJl 

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JUl ^L-^1 ^ JL^^Jl ^I^H*^ Jl ,>-iUl y\ l>iil ^„Jl1I ^Lij^yi ^Uw^l 
^1 ^L>^1 oLJl5^ c-..^ U^ /Ui - WV/U^ oL'yi ^''"\ii'^..^ 
*)lj AJil:J>rui L3J-^ l5j>^ wJLIJL) o-Ub»"l ^^^lil oj^^l Lai ^ .:> j g J I jl?-! L^ jiaJ 

JUj:^! ^ jj-Ju^i ^ ..::^ ^^JUl J^y^Js-Jl ^bJl ^1 JJNl ^ ^i 
jUiUlj (n^/(4^„JL]U^ ^ ^lJJLjl)\^0 ^_N/1) oU-i^/1 J^l ^ ljj.^,t^-^,.J 

itJJLo ojj-^ jV* ^r^^ jLi clUi ij L^Li t^^Sv^ LjLj>-I 1 ^ c-i-s^aJl ojj— ^rr^ 

.^1 J^ 1 * • (JO tS ^J^ 

Caussin 3, p. 1 12; Weil 130; Muir 3, 193; Spr. 3, p. 180; Leone Caetani 1, 566ff. 

N'v'\/>vo _ ^l-^/^vY ^lSii f^o^ yyy ,^«r j^j^u.i <i^ ^ ai^j_<ji jj_i s^ tPlj^"^^/^^^ 

• SjijiJI dJJb pLjil Jj>ij 

.Y N ^ t_>c» i^^l^l 'jVAA ^jo <*LiLA ^jJ^ (jjU jjj.iUiH ^jS\ iiL-al ^ ' 

oi^ <:Ljj-JI ^ JjVI ^7. ...oil ^Ll. jjl^ oJJh ^ AA/ > ^ ^ Sf'^l ^l ^J^ -Lefaen 3, p. 19 *>^,>^ ^^""^^ 



Wi 



dili ^ ojLtl /^ Ldj . jy,h\\\ j^ A,*j>- Lg>*-j ^^Svj4j jl^ 1ju->b-« o\ j^^Lc- jI 1 3JL>t^ 
iJLgi aJjlo LgJj^ Ul . lij-^j ^1 jjb La ^ _ oL^i ^ JUj Vj .<Sla ^^jiiJ 
lJLg5 ^y>^^ (♦-'^^ ^' «^rr^l J^ ajcu-j ^ ^;^S1> *J JUj>t_<J . A^ 4j^1 ^ j-6-^ ^ 

(_LuaJ\ Sjj-dLu 4aJA-«JI jj uill (_,J^>1I "^-^^J (j-* ^ '*^ja (VN T ;_j<a *jJj-« L^l K. 1 , p, 76f. K. 2, p. 86f. ^ ' 

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^ t5^1 <j^lli. 44 >.■■-■ t I < All j^ <\ <jSfl .VY iJiS ^ oLalb^Ll^'ifl o-^ I'it La <VV .Vt ;'\ <jj11I 5jj_ou =^ 

,i<^ j ^^ : V (^jlj-at JI Sj>xu S 1 4jVI (_j*i^^j . YA : 1 a ^tliJI Sjj^ 

.YV ^moUh^I. f'''"'> 

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L- Jl5^ ^''■'^\ U/U _ \ oLNl ^ ^>JI Jj^l P->J! J^^ ^/:l.^jH 
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;^^l 5:jUJ1 c^...^ c^j)/1 j>. <i^ji- l^\ ^\ ^J} cuSclJ:! Sl^i Jl jl^" U 

W^JJ ^^ • ^^^ {*^ Lg-o— 1 d\ j^Aj J I t oij-^1 oJLgJ ^>-^l ^-^ *^J • ^-^-i-iJi 

M^ - I- ^^"^"^^ 1^ , .1 .1 - - , . - •. (vio)- ,. /. 



Oi ^ Jje L« -Sj^i ^^ c5^jVI s^l ^ Sj^l aiik Pj^ J*^ Weil (K. 1 , p. 71 , K. 2, p. 81 ) ^"'"'''^ 

Rud. Geyer, Gottinger Gelehrte Anzeigen 1 909, 1 , p. 25 - 27 des 1 ^ jf ^^^^1 I .[Yo] 

.Separatabzuges 

?<_>^^l tjUJ ;(^jJS,^:aJI *.^.^j\] '.(Jj\ i\it\\ '(J^ m-^oJ)JI <tS3'jJ' !j^t.t^fl"H ((^_>^l (>c J5 L->j ^^j IjSLa ^ ^ 

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.M * * aJj] P(j-i <i^ a^ '-*>*f "^ <laii ^4^ Iti^lj Ijt La <jAii-a ^ ^t-uiVI iJ^J 

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7-ljjJl jyA JjljJo ^_yLll i-;i-JL<Jl oUNl f%^^J . L^L^N 1^-*-aJ ^^^2-,^2iJl AjIjj 



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L^ j;-*^ ijuLJl (jl Ai\W A oLjIjjJl t> g^'.r. ...•. .<UI <ju6 ;XV § ^liUl ^ll^ ,ijs^jll\ 'A \ § ^liil) ^li^ 
.ToV iij <j_iLaJI <(JjLs ?VoA (_j^ (iLidt jjjV <j-^U^ <V § ^lii <aJ m^. (jjla .4^ ^tli jjlj Sjj^j SjaI Ij^^ii-c 
Mni J.>^-> dJj (jl j_jJ[ j-t-i^ La Aa^ *i LjiJ <f Ij^I <>->■ ^IjjI 4a1aJI r;ljj AJ-o <"^A ;_y3 (Y f 1 jjl-lu jjjI ._> ..^.-^ ■ 

.<JlJLaJ1 jrljij ■! I'l mil lil-LX^j-aJt f^yoi^ <JLJ_iiJI ^jii^l > .jY ' (_ya <\ * (_j^_>JtJI jjLluJ * j ■ ...a"!! ^^ (_5^)jLJI .«(_Ajlu-o 

J. Wellhousen, Nochrichfen Ges. Wissensch. ;>-V^,Y (NT\V S^jLLJI) J:>-^ .^\j » ,t. II ^^jLi 
.Gottingen 1 893, p. 464f.P T. W. Juynboll, Mohommec/oonsche Wef, Leiden 1903, § 39 



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t^^,>-a^l?(jY- ^.V ^j^\) \\/^- -.0 S^UUjj^j (jY * Y ^,Y ^>J1) YN-\/YS^ :Y S^l Sj^^^ 
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.Caussin 3, p. 1 22; Caetani 1 , p. 586 ? > Y^ j_^ , J^Li aj*j n o Y (_yd i|i.UU j^l ^^^^^ 

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.jS • Y / \ • N <^'^1 J^^ ftLjl Cx>^.iM ^A ^.o,.^H ;li.L« jj^Ul j.^^ «U.^I.. j-jLi ^^'^"'^ 

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t^,^;^ ^>; c5^rr^^ ^j-^1 ^ ^-^ '^J'^ tj-^ ^j-^ ^^ /^^ _ Vf/V\ oLN! 

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.Leone Caetani, AnnaH 2, 1 , p. 116 t^\s -l^^^^j Sj^u <!* 

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(^jjl . « j°t .^ »i jl «^j M^tw t^ j^l j<-*-a*ifl 0^ o' uf'^^^ ^-^-^ iVi*^! .(Fleischer ^jjS-h" ^jL^^JIj iLiA (^1 ^dJ 

a^^L^I _>^JLj (\A1 fj^ i\ «4_jLiJl J-Lulnj VO^ ^j^ (iLiii_4 (jj*if ^ > itil-^ II j2)I La_ii («_:a.jLlj AA'^ ijj (\ j^ -^ 

.(! tJI^A^ KiJi^jjjI f^ *Lai_la)) j (((^jijojl ^-aJLlo Jj|>» jjjj Ltti. (YAY a-5j t^^^^jM JajU-^ /> .1>:J^J .j >* ij-i"iII 

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jL*w>J <Jl:>fcfli oJL-s^23 L§I-ij <!CU>ejjljj (.(^JL^aljlj ^-^ 4**jb *^^l>Ji .-ixjljjl 4l**JI 

oL31j Uo _ m oL^I .^«^l^l ;.^..^i-J! oUl^Nl JU^ Jl^^. >*J 

u^/^r* _ \Ti/uv cjLy\ jLjlpI c^.^_j ^^*^^J-^ ^^j ju^ aIs ^illj\ 
^rl/^rv 'A,y\ L.jLk;j .jc^I ^j ji^ u o^j Jl^_5^i:i cj-u. lj \o>( /\or 

Li Liu j^ LgJL iLiip^l Jl LjoJJ oL^^l aJufc 14JL.j>tJ ^_^I ojl^^l oj-gJl 
-^ILj^j .djilS' f^l-«J (j^^-^^^ ^'f-i tjt^tr'^^**^^ W^ c5^^- c5^^ ^^^ - ^"^^ 

L.^™^^ ^y 'aJj[j .(^!^1 j^) \Vo/\v1 ;^^^/1 ^jJ^ oLi J oLJjJl 

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jLt ciUi (^ LgJLi t4^L Ojj-^ jJ^ ^_j43 tjLliJ^I 4jc^1jj ^-'^ ^bj-^^ **-^ 
Lg^^^j>o O'LlJ c^>>-^ '^y^j^ ^y^^^ ^bj-^^ *-^ ^Sr^ *■((* "^^^ ^^^^ u-*) j'^' j-6-^ 

frj-lj j^J JbJL>J IjjJjUt^ ^jJ J Lip Ml ^Vf-Aj Jl>-Ij jl *w->^ o*^' c?^ • Jc^ ^ ^ 



?<jL^I ^jl VA § ^jULaJI v_iL;^ (^jUuJI j^U i^^^^j^l ijVl i>o t^>».l ciVLa. 4jj-Lii3 Sjlill tiUj (jJ[ iljiil 

•ji ^^ u^ 'uJj^-1^ LS^'jJI 

J-usai .^^Lij^l f"\ • ^jo *«(jU3yi» fSj^Vl Jjj U <UliJI <3L5^1 <Cod. Lugd, p. 653 f > i^jW TV iaU^I 
;o*\ ^ <V .j^liLL-uxiJl f^,Ail^l ^L;^ .^^LtfJJI ^^Ao §SN-^t ^Ll^^jJ-o^frYA ^ *«U,j^),, ^^^'^ 

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lj^\ ^j^^\ oLlj>l< J^ ^ .t^:)*>i1 fToV ^ A ,^NU,..5l) iU^\ v^ .N § j:iUJI ^Ll^ .^J.^ ^''^''^ 

•Uljj (_fl (OilijitaJInj ((UajjJIwj j-jLlllaJIj ^Xo^_>1JIj ^^jLa-jJl ap-i.-k j^BJ rt 1 mrt j-J 'Li.oLi.J i^j'jJ') tiiJ^laJI li^ 

.i»Si i.Vl <ilt Ji ^^\ ^1^ je-^ (jlilUI JGS. 

.«Jj>lJI t-iLj-U <^_yJaj^tjntl f^^O^I^I fjjjjjilll ((5^>iUJI ^ '^ 

< i ^jj-» ...oil f M 1 A <j-a < \ tj^^j^kJI f \ A ^j^ M. J. de Goeje ^ja^l (^jj^l f SjIoJI ^ ( M § «^jULJia 
Weil, p. 135; Caussin 3, p. 121; Muir 3, p. 215ff.; Spr. 3, p. 160ff.; Caetani 1, p. 584). 

CjVjIjt^ "U-ijlAj Lo IJJij .<iJLUl <j_LuJI jj^ cii'if' t^J J-S-^ tj^ L?^ 0>^ ^-*-*J tl)-* JiJ^ ■■" il-1^ JJJ f-ij iiJ^i 
tjl (MIA <M11 (j-s <^ (jj^\ '.Xoi ^^,^^)jj| j'^oY Ad. ^j^ ,j..LiJh ^>Jl) t^j^jj^l ^^Li^j .^^^^1 

:^_tiA'>ll j_^ j^ jaj ^iu a2 

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jjjj .Y N ^j-a de Goeje jii-i". (^^jj^t f(T ^ • ^^^ <j;j;^^_Ii) N o V ^_^ (ji ^_^ (^j5(^l ?(5>j^l jjij ^^^ 

^_ji .ia.1 <*ij (j-9J (^ ,2,1^ ^>a£. (^I (^jL Joij ,_^l <jtjL^^' t^AJ^ Laja J^\ ilj^Vi <l hJm. (»J^J Sjij^ 4\jmI1 j^I 
<(5jIjjJI ^^ V^ § ((^jLidoJlw t_jLjS ((5jLa^l) 4j-6t (>s Sj-'i'C' <Lu*jjUJt (_^ JdlaJI <a5j (j-aj (_jij Sj-it ^IjJI 
(jijLS .(Ji_*«l 1 V'\ ^j*a ( > t^^ijA-UI .'A * f_ya f<Jjl5 (^h <JtjljJI il^l j^ iZi !<■.->->■ <ij-«-aJ) ai* tj) <Gu> JjTi Jii^ij 

Caetani 1 , p, tJ^ V ^j^ <^ial^l *(jjj^-ii 'tji-i'iij <(a.\i all jj) ^^1^1 jjj-aJl (_yi£. J < ajj jl -^ jjjI (^^^l L^^ 

.Buhl p. 265 J 61 If. 

J-duili) _ A \ ^j^ tA (^j'i'^A\ J.ai.ii. (j_tl f N V ,_^ (1 (jiijjlj OLjlL ff^Jj^^Ji-^^i-ftJI ■ JJ^ 1 "^ * (j^ < ^ (^jjJaJI ^ '^ 

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. IJl^ Lp-j ^JLl*«j olS' L^ A^j tiijU-Jl O^UJl ^ ^rc^' C-'.^ .i^" J-g.;>t:-« 

JL^ *Hy^ L^ ^-^>^ (^^ ^^^*HJ /»-^ "^J^ ^"^^ ^"^ L5^ "^-^ fV^!^ ^ J4^ '^-'^ 

dLL- j^ ^^/l ^J^lj i:--!^:^ UjLjlpI ^! ^-U L. c Trv /Tr-; : T S^l 

^^^1 5j^>L^ vr _ n* tOA_ 01 ctv/tA_ n cj\Ji\ JjL^jljj .^jj^—ii 

/tV aj^I jjUi . liyJ:^^ <Jj^ >t-^li oLj^i oAa ^ /«-*>^j -j^^^'j i>r^j-^^ 
t*\^ cO<\ cOA tov tiV/iA oLNl ^ «ciil» UJl5^1j cOi oSL tT 

Cw^lj aJjIjJI (jji>o 4-.^UJl o^JbCuJl JLpIj^U .^yjyyi \X^ ^\ j^J ojj^l 

(jjU .(Sj^jW iiJ^^S fjj-uoilil <[5^>Jail 

Weil, n, 229; Caussin 3, p. 151; Muir 3, p. 228ff.; Spr. 1, p. 400ff.; Caetani 1, p. 61 Of.. 

•t^a^l^t ijjM.iltl -^^jJ=JI ^"^^'^ 

.jO<\\ ^j^A ^y:^^ ^\ '.jj\'^ ^^.A (^Q-> o) dA^(>.lfjMSV ,_^.\ yfjoUlf^Sr ^^.^Liufc (>^l ^^"^^^ 

Weil p. 170f.; Muir 3, p. 272; Spr 3, p. 77ff.; Caetani 1, p. 634. 

ajni.,.o1) Jii^\ (> jJ^s: L^ ^0. ^^1 i^>Ji .\J^\ j_^ Weil, p. 358f., K. 2, p. 86 <:iZ\ U Ijjb <''''^> 

.(j j . mU~>I I ^;;jU) 

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o^j 6y^ :*jljJl (»^^i Ui .(vr _ n* cOA_ on ;iV/iA_ n) <j^^U^j 
.V* ;.^!l ^L^L^lu tj.Ui:JLj dUij co^ 4^/0* ;ii/io tTA ,\ oL^^l ^ 

JaAJb ^___jX]l t_-jl^^la-i»!>\J S^^jJl C^LJiClLj A3*>lp 5jj.*Jl] i.^.^^j .lS'\y>- -j-a /jiaj *Jbj 
.^! Cjj ^1 ^_^^^^ ai ^ ^ _ ^ ^^^1 .4--^Ljl oJlA ^ ^1 ^ 4JJIJUP Lgj 



Caussin 3, p. 162f., Weil, p. 148ff.; Muir 3, p. 240; Spr. 3, p. 193; Caetani 1, p. 602f. 

^Ui <i5jLkjJ1 fVYo ('\"^^ ,_jo (jkLiiiJi jjjl^ 4-uijLuJI a.\ ill 11 (jj jjLjjLji ^^J a,>^ ^*-*-* v>^' ^-^ o-*J '-"' 
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^LlJI 4jL^ ^_^ JjlaJI <Jl5j pLIjI pLaJI t>>jV (^ (J ^IjJJI J-aa-Ji <^^jCj u' '^-*^-^ C?^>" ^'^J .pit (_^ < 1 

j^yJl Sjij-ui Jj^ LiLih.V Cjt-ij (jjJI <jljjJI t^ w'l.'i'i iiij Loi (Siia. jjlc. (^j-oif SjjJJI 6X4 plaSl ^j^ i{X'\ § <t. M i a' * 
^i V • ,_^ . ^ (j.nrt-^ll '.A ' ^JA (4jjIS ;^I f N Vo {_^ 'uJjW-^ • ^ L>^ 'C?>i5'^') t5>*-' VjJ lT"-^ JjUaIL .y 1 
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^Tjjl B^ ^t^'JjJi' L>jl (3^ 'il^J (J"^*.' -J'^'^ II ^jJ *JC>^ Cy f^y ^^J ,>f-^' ^ iii n-^ 4ju ol < *-> - - fc Sji^LlI ;jl liUa (_pJI 
Sj[^1 o5i ■■> (ixjIjJI <'ii.il1 ^_^ 4j1j 1.1 iii-b 1 CulSj (j^) JXLiJI <*5j (jl jjJt 6 Mel Ajj^iaJI jjl i^nllj jLxdLuJ 
I^JJ^ ^-J 'q ■-"■ ---J (^1 <4it t>jl i_f->^J-o t5JLi-o (ji (^'jJ' 4j-LuJlJ <l-uj 1 I .^jt lixL-vll Ijjfc ^At>« J^vJlJJ -ij-ftl^ll 

jj^j f ^ ov (_^ ii ^jji Luftll L-ajl LfjJi j_>*j j_fil1 (iv* (_jo A (j.tj^^li r^-jijUJ '^^jI'V^i (j-* ^^^ § cfj'^*-^^') 

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i oL^l t IjLJtJl rbjj L^i^' 4^j-a T* _ ^ c-jlj*yi Jji^ ^ i jy^\ "'^jy^ ^ 
jt-**-! j-S'Jb **^j .^,-*jj_p <;-4jJU^ ^L>- ^J ti-'^ U-; (^— ^^ f*-**'^ ^-^-J^j t J*^ 

^_^ f-Lp^l ol^^l *-^l ^^^j .AJi^l j^Ua-^Jl ^_^ j-^J^ olj-oN jJ«-^ ^^j--* 

^ r-V ^MU ■■■;») jjUill ^UlS .^..l.no tjj .Mfllll ^lli .i § jliLUI ^lii 't5jL^J\ JY • -V (^ <«U,>JI» ^^^""^ 

.^^j toA fijl\ ij\ oA (_>o <t «<jLiJi A^!)) fAA (j^ tV j-^-^ ^\ f<jljjJI 
fV • u^t. <3!>LUI ^Lli <^L^I OjM^-|1 V-.13S ct^l*^) J(rYl (_^ .n ^:)»U...it)) oUUl JiZ^ y'-~ ^^^^^ 

.l^^ ^.t^j>Ji fNoA ^.1 fl<jUJi iu,u fyjjiji ^^^^^ 

.0 A <JjLa-JI Sjjjtu J^^ oLiljuJI ^ 1^\ aS <<i^ ^>-ujt (jjSj j^l J ft" ^^ nil (^ _ ^j <»-^fl^( f^jtjJI ^ ^ 
iljiJl yi ^Jl4 "if^ (jl liiifl jl^ i^ AV'O j_^ f ^ ^^13 jt^jVI ^J^ «c^J^' cf^ tjjj <^"t.i-» ^^j <(r M 

. 1 VT ,_)^ (Y ajjion"^ II rtJjlj)) Li^^l (JJ^ **-^-,?^ ^Jli*" *'^' 

§obL^luel3S.t^jU^lfjjNAl ^.^j:^l4ii.^ail^l;jjNoNV ^.N (^^^^.VX\ ^ .j.Lidh ^^1 ^^'^> 
.(^jljJI .'(^a:^.)^! f^jlsjja-uJI '.jj , ,S\ W wLj^ ((^ojijiil ' N N § ifij^t v^ <.-*lH.rt ^...la' f VI § «^^jIjLJ1)) ; ^ o 

Weil, p. 151ff.; Caussin 3, p. 164ff.; Sprenger 3, p. 63ff.; Muir 3, p. 244ff.; Aug. Muller, Der 
Islam I, p. 133f.; Caetani 1, p. 604ff,; Fr. Buhl, p. 275ff. 



j^.,^- -I) - OV/OA oL^Jlj rr_ TV oLNi .J^N c:Jj^ JUJl 'da-.^^ 

/M cjLNIj t^j-"-^ U^lj aJjuJI jj-Jt ^_^ «-^lj-J! J-*^l ;j-a ^_yAj t^^iS^I 

^..>^1 IJu^ol ^ Jb Nj .(oT/or i.'^O dU3 J^^.^.J1 L4JI ^«^ ^1 ^^ 
^^^ <joIjJ1 Ij:j^\ ^t^y^\ ^_yJLp (_gl t^iL;«w*» Ju-^w» Jlj^>-1 <^ cJL^ v^j ^J} te-^-^i 

pUj>-i 4^ J . 'C*<t^ aj^U- U-^t-^ <^^ o^ ry^y^ ^^i-is^ (0 /t _ ^ ) ^S^\ ^^^^i 

.r^ _ rv d^iS t^jijs (^IjU^ ^ pIji.I) in <eVb 'c>^i^ xif^ <*J*s J^ ^''^^'^ 

.^914^ iLl (^1) u:>ii dij^ <^^^' 

^Lli t^^xo^l 'jj--^"tl '45,>J^1 'j^V^ c^ 'A (M ,_^ A <T (Jia-ft) J.t M. (jj) fNTN (_^ ,<j^ ^^1 ^^^^^ 



J^^ISI {^^^'^^ UJucuJl LU'jJl Ui .olgi' oU_^ ^^^1 oLJj^l j.^..,^"J 

/*\ c <\ /A _ 1 /o c /t _ ^ oL^^O o^'^Ji *ipLiJl . ^^^LwJl Jui» ^jH- 
_ ^ /A oL'yi jl ^"""'^ • /^ - \ obSfl ^..^.^ ^^„j ^^^'\ J^l i^ viUi 

^^ajcJl t^ij-ij <-^-^^ o-^^ j-r*-*-* cr^^ ^^ ?7-^^^ *JJ-^ 0^ J-^^*^' .»- 5-1 1 

UL^ .^™i5:j L^l ^1 c5y>^l JJ ilJUl Lj^^\ 5^1 ^ J^J ^^'^\i^d^ 

/11_ ^* /^^ cOl/oV_ ir/iT oL'^Jlj cV_ oL'yi L^L^ ^ ^>Jj 

^l^^l 11* ^-^ JJj ^^''^\ jikv^l ^ JLp U^^I ^l:Jl L-Lu U^l JU. 
iij>^\ Jbo U ^i jU ^^Vl ^^,^1 -V^ij .-lU^JI (JJJI; <^l:o*l Uj(i%' ll*j>i^ (1)1 

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YY _ T* /^<\ oU'y! jl til^i ^_j ^^''\«oj^v^J) 5^15 ^ dUi ^ C/-"-^-^ 
^^.^^j ^ ^jL^^l^,^- Y^ _ Y'/^^ oL^I jl Yr. Y- /^^ oL^l jl 
*-gi (^^ Jaii JU:>j ^ ^^w.^a. j ! iJut ji^ . jJb 4jJj ^ ^^^y^ ix-^J^ 4jU^.^1 

oL'yi ^ ^^1 ^\ ^^'^\ JiVl >^ (^oS^Ji iJ^J^S ^\ J ^^ ^j o^ 

i^i ^ j^i ^j J ^j^\ Jj^ Uj (rA/rv_ Yo ou^i) ;^j^i ij-^^ 

Jj tiw-w.*^j A^A^i Sjbl OJ.U..M *-^':^ "y ^j^^^^l jUtj^ jYo jb^l . aSCo ^ 
ijiijL>cj jl ^j--*J — J I j-^^^>^ T^ /V« ijVlj . Li-il L^^i ^ ^j^'y^\ j^^j«_U-) 

^^.^gi Jj^l 5^ jib a/M -r^/TA oL^^l cJl^ lilj .Lg.^ 5^1 

.J _ l... fl"l l <(^,^>JJI f(^jljJI f(^J3^l^l f JAJW^ j^ JJlt 

. 1 * ^J<a <K(jlJijVl» ' J^ola^ jjj _>■*£. -45^1 "^,'. ' f^^j Mi'^ fiJ^JI 

:>"^ JaJJI Sjj^fMV/M-^ :"\ jwbLiVl Sjj^ fVr/-\'\ .lA/U .io/H :o SaiUI S^ij^ t N oA/ N^V * .lA 
.H. Hirschfeld, New Researches p. 1 25 lI.^ ^X)*^ A :"\ Y <*^l S^^j^ ; > ^ ^ / ^ ^ A 

i^gdlSjft Hill f_)j_LiiijJl i4^^_>iLJI iijIoJI (ji <jlj -^11 wl^ (j^LluJJI ! i i (j*a *Y 1 n no^ 3lfl->"> (jjJ^^iijJI ^ ^ 



csL-j ^>iij o*>yi 'aJLJ] ^nl ^^'^^(.UijL j^;^- o> /or ^.^^i ^^''\sy^4Ji 

IJla v^ . \^4^jSij j\j,f^s^^\ J-wr«j jl ^ i«„^ll lIjLpL^ l$-^^^ c^ L5r^' -^b' ^J 

«1^» JLJ.^ K<-J^1))j «,_^5Jw^"» ;>^-^^-^ Ol jLiJi ^^lyJMl ^_^ J»J-4J ^.^^ tfTji 

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oij j^\ . ^Ju> L^Lj j>^ jj^^ /VV cjL^yi pUjlaJI ^^,h>*jLJI jl»-1 ^-jLaij 

4_U j^^j «:»Lg->Jl» ^^jJLp L^.^>- t--:--o ^ij jJL) ^^y^ JlJ y^ <^ cjLLJ 

.or ^1 Sjj.^ J>x c^Uj.V.M.Vl .JA^ ^ i.iUI ^1 ^^'''^ 
jj.yuijj .pLoxSJI frljj^iJI 4^il jjj V U^l >ujj '.\ ' I \\\ :T 5>ajJ1 Sj^^-uj ^^L>1^ jjJ a.ij if (_pjl ^y: 

J-^j t^ S^jJ' Jijkj'-* ijj-*^ y^ Jf^^ ^^ v*^ (.f^-^ 

J^a. t^jLuijjJI .JjSU j-&lj_iiJI ^j-i (lo*-^ f N / T :TT g^' Sj^^-u. J^a. ^jJii^^j-iJI .'tV • f_ya t^\ .ti ft, ^\\ 

J (iaij 4 fl i^\ ^jJiui-ajJI jSju 4^aJi jjJllil CujJt ^ J->U H 

jLuJJI ;> > \ (j-a /£ «<^L^L r^VI (>j) fVr/VA :X S>LJi Sjj_uj J^^ ^ j .^. -^ ojJI i^jAij r. ...H it^jljJl) 
(^LJlt ilij (jJi t^^ J^"^' '^^^' u' J^i'J •("lt^"^*' J"^ «Lr*b" **'.^ ^WN ,_;-= (^LSlA ^jjI f^jiiii ^j^^j^i 

.j^LlJI ^ju Jj^\ tji^j .-^o^j- f^>i^ LT^^ ue^' *^"^'^' 

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^^ ijl^l (^y lj-^j>t-« (1)1 ^2^^jj^l LJLjIjj ^ J:S\ ^j^jj C-jLjNI ai-fc LJ (^XJj 

j^^JLc- p*>L:L^^/i -^ -jJi^-iP 6^^ 4:uSLo JLij _ ap-U-j ^j-^t^ J^' s^LiJL?- olj <.<^ 

l^-vaJj SijLa lL-L*^ liL>tJ J>tiJLj jl5 A*>LJi 11a oi ^iJu^Nl Lg-Jl cJu^j 
^) ^Jyy^^ j-^ ^yM p-UAj^I Jjo c-jLU jj^A CjL)*yi . JU,^**^ ^4-^c-^ 

dj ^_y-j; Ju3 .^1 A>-^ ^Jls^ yv t t ♦ (.\^ t^L.*yi ^^c-^ C/^^ *^j • ^'-'^^ 

.^Yl/^YV:M j^isjj^ j^ J^r'^ ^ ^liui (:^ii ^^'"''^ 

.j^ VA ^ .i j^^ ^X>^ .\ i,Vlj N N AJi\ >il ^^""^^ 
fjjH.i-> it ^Llij VV § «t5jULJI,, ^Ui <c5->l^' '^^' a^ '(IujU-L" 'yr-ii'^J' ijjVl^ ^ <^Ula (>^1 ^^""^^ 

CJ2 .^jVl u-^' ^l-Vl 6^ 1:^ dJ: (ji Yl 

. J>^ ^jiju <^j:i (jJ jj- c^^jt iMuir 4, p. 36ff.; Spr. 3, p. 251ff.; F. Buhl, Liv 285 

j^jL <^jj L. ^ .4^ J^liai.1 0^ 5>i.lla \ V _ N oL.^1 (j) >r>i^ H. Hirschfeld, New Researches p. 127 

.— 4^1 J ^jjC 1 T "Ual (j-O (JhAJ IjJfc 

(jjL5 ^'_"^ i*Jj Jjij ol .ti'j jj-ljVt Olj'ifl Jjta. ajt ^ \ \'i\ t^j <:^j ^^glc La^j ntfl'ti (jJjVt 4jVI jx-q-l^ tJ^A ' '^ 

, . ...l a" 1 1 

Caussin 3, p. 202; Muir 4, p. 73ff.; Spr. fjjXo ^_^ ^^jj^JI fJ^JYAl ^^ 'aJjW-L« «t5^l>l' -jj^ ^'^^ 

.3, p. 274ff.; L. Caetani, Annali 2, 1 , p. 38ff. 



jT^i J^l ^ 

^^''^\;^ui i;^i J ^\ ^j jiA. TV hy\ 

^JLflL j^dxLj ^Wai:*- *^-^jj ^-*^ (*^^^ '"^' (_5^ JL*>wa Ju>-;0**>1 JU5 -(.jr^^ "^-^t^J 

^ 4.,/3tf^ . L^li j_y L^lJxjjIj -i;U-stf» h\jy\ oJla J.^.>Jj .^^b^ {J^y. ^y^ jtj^ 

Jj,JL«w<Jl Lg-Ail>o *J tA^jOJl oJlA ^1 C^^^^ t_|^^ JUj>«-A ^jJL>» C-,fl.,r^" '■P^^ '-^ 

>J LgJ^ ^^J^^ *JjL5U I^::*-^^ 4jL>x^I ^U^l oJl& ^JLj Lo 1^-^j 'Cr^j^^ 

*^:>UJ1 iJub j-»J ^ JjX jl lJ^'^U IjJsiloj Nj .^Nl ^s'^J>\ c-i^' ji ^„la.l..^.T 

. Jnia (J.Afl~ nifl.ll _j[ J t I n't 

uj^ -(jrj^ "^j.'^ ^ 
Weil p. 274ff.; Caussin 3, p. 268; Spr. 3, p. 85f.; Muir 4, p. 160tf.; Caetani 2, 1, p. 236ff. 

.(^jLuajJt -eg J '^'->- ftJ>Jt ^(iiSi 6jj 1^5 SjLiI) jjiJifl-JI f(^^^jUl fj^jA-ljJI 't5Jl>!l ?<^ 
(jLi fAA (_j^ <T (jljj ijj <-LU-j La (liUj jjlj cuiij <f ul -^ II (^1 j5"t*.j <VA ^j^ A u'j^ 'jjY'Vi ,j-a '<JfL* •'iJ,>:»J 

p.j-t ^ ij (j-oj g^ '<^'* tjl tj^ LJ. * iJa _ t i_.o ill ^j_o La <Jlj Sj^jJI diXA (j-i l^^^Luo aJ jjJiUI <^lMjl JjLIIj a _ "l CljLiVt 

^^0 



,\j^\ ^ 



b 



jl L*jj . V^ /Vr : ^ ^J^^ ojj-^j ^,r^ 3-^ j.ya3[L<J)\ ojj^\ oJla ^ LaJL?-^ 

4.i>-N oJL^a-J Lij^jLo •— -'Ul il^ O^ t^^^^-w>Jl ^lUi ^ *lpLj1j Jui.^,^ /t-ftl^ 
AX*Jl ^ jU^j (^ 4^ ^ J^ LJl; Ji «JaiJl IJla jl ^i^l ^jij .(V ^^l) 

^^ j_^ ,^1^1 JL>^ L*^ L^_«JJ ^-wjJL>Jl ^_^ LlLiJ Jii Uj^ fj lil l-Lft 



^ .> (S^^) tf^l <eJI <l-'jl t^JJl ^J t- (^' ty^i 4e>i^^-''^' ij L>^' f^^* UJ-"J Lf^l W'-^l a*^ 
(l^U .ji^l Lf^ J^J ^t il^l jJjui V _Lui^ UiU (Wellhausen, S^izzen 4, p. 99f. .^jl-^ j^^t M ol N 
jj£. ^fll"f^ o iLuali (jf> .^Vi j^l a <j9I (^jl ja-ijj _ Caetani, Anna!/ 1 , p. 730f, ;4_u*i: ^.-uij^) <oJjl j I a 

fr"^^ ^_^ c\ «<jUJI j^l> i^^ji .^t Ji s^^j.v.^ n^^i ijj.H&'ti '4^,>JJi i^^jlji it^^x^i^i :yv § ^ j-u^i ^jjUJI 
Weilp. 209f;Caussin3, p. 221ff.;Muir4, p. 113 f; Caetani 2, l,p. ^:;jL5.>orY ^jA ^^^ Ch^ 

.117 



(AVA) 



^ <(j^ hI -X ( ^ ^ 1 (^_ya ( I jj^ 1 J j-t_iT uj^ 



(AW) 



.aJjjjJI (_jL^-uj1» IjJUjj Hill t(_gjl "^Jj" ?(5j '"■■fc ftj-il ?jj iiiQ">iI t^^j tlnll l'\* < 't "* "t n ft 11 SjiJ-ujj iA ^^jJJ' SjJ_*aj 



Oji«-Jl JUjNI «w— >^ i'^Ji ijy ifJ^"^ J^jJ^ (^-^ (jyr^^ '^>^ *^' Jji^-Jl 
iJUj t iSl* ?t:i ^JJ cJ^ ajN I oJla 01 j_^ JJ:t ^ Uj . L^i;-wwj Lj ^ T ajN I 

. UUj C-J^ljj ^.JJ ojj^l dJLA ^ (^J^l CjIjNI ^j\^ (^"131 A**^ f-j-^j^i 

. Jy Ls ^1 L^l JLuJj jl (^^^i 

^L^l f l^ § ^li^VI ^l:i^ .t^jL^JI £i § N J..^ .^a^l ^L ...Sli^i-))) SjJli c^Lljj ^ ij'^l jSJU <^^*^ 

. N r :-\ N a^i Sjj-- jj::. *iui ^:oii ^^^'^ 

("WV (j-a (^LAa ^I ^ji j^-iiljaJl ijj malli <^__,JJI !jJI \ N • >juaiJI Sj>^^^ dj^j <4jl4iil ^ ^o jjSLaJl ijj^ 
.AY ,j^ <<jLjli (^^1 ( \ <u.jiYVo <SU^> *Cod. Lugudun. 653 Warner ."VS tlo ,_^ MijjUcyi)) 

Jaifl ipliJl 4jV1 J^iij .(;jjl *Am1I '.(SJ ■""> ^^^ fj_i ma'tll (^.^>jlaJI .^j nia-tti l-jI^ (^i^jlll 1 Jll ^j-ui^ 'tSJ'^'' 



(1)1 ^JLp . _ T cjLN 1 ,^j^j c-JN Jii^ ^_^Uj4 iJLftj . ©IjI ^JU>t:;^ IjA-^ 
Jil jjJh . jT^L. ^bu >J LgiSLi (1)1 UjlS'L; lil tL^ <>*-j>wvi? ^JjjJl oi-* ^tH*-* 
jUj ^I ^y LgJi . A _ 1 c^LNl w--4^ i^jJl /i-^_^i iwSyO) ji LuSUj r^_^l j^ 
<:^ t^^^l j^u*^ j.UaLv ? . J I j_y:j (_$jl] jl5 (^JUl cij-^Nl -l^c-*^ cfi' J/J ^-:-^ t>i 
Oiijlj i-_)j_^^l ^i Cwv<aij ^-J^ bjJ <-^-^-^^ dJUU /♦-fjlj 0"^""^ cr'^^^ -^^ 
Sjji'JuJi ^IjjJi jli (. l-XSOb o^^-«*uilj ?s-«-«j C^LiNi (^^ (1)1 jj^) f>-^jJL| . 4JLJ 

v^-Jj Lol . j^,^^ j*-L-^<»^ JLn_; L>-J o^-^ ^li Jj>-j Jjj^ jjju LgJ^ dJLlJi j^ 



VI .^ u^ «1 .(^liVI). ;^ VNV ^ .N ^^1 !(Wellhausen, Skizzen 4, Nr. 78) ^jl^ c^\ti ^AX^ ^ 

<jjL5 . N 4jSU ?i..i'ilL d jLtjl t;jiaj V «lif^j ILUUjI ^S/l (_Ha*jJtj l^-ukxj -^^j^j _ Y c*ljSfl (jf 

Weil p. 244ff.; Caussin 3, p. 271; Muir 4, p. 171f.; Sprenger 3, p. 366ff.; Caetani 2, 1, p. 449f. 

^jj U .<1juA\ j^ V fA (j-3 .1 Kj^liVI)) (jij .(Wellhausen, Skizzen IV, p. 1 37ff.) ±».^ ^\ ^^} ^^^^^ 

.Y'A"\ (j*3 (^^i^jU-^ fj^AflljJI <Qjj UtjjJij iJ^lj f5ji_LuljJI 

♦^jL-^ijJl f^j Mi-^ oj;)Jl fjj .,ii"ll «^jiU1i *^jljJ1 !^a:a.)jJI ?MY (_j^ .^i/ifl j^l fjVT' (j-a ^Liuh ,^( ^^^^-^ 
.(jUit iiJ^I ^1 jjfc jj^l .jlflTtjiiB jjfl-fc" <(5jijjjl f«<jlJLll o-Lul)) ',^>^-^ tjjl 






.4 I ii.l'tiijl dlA (jJ cJJh jj <e^' o' 6J->^^ 'flJjjjJI wLa-ujIm (^jJajj ..ill '.jjj .n-^o jJt ^^^.i^ljJI f^jijJl ^ ^ 



.^^jUift^^i^i^^'*^ 



HA 



S^j . (Jp- jUjI jji jj-* ^y^^ /v-^!>^l IjJlc-I ^'^^ J-^^ l>*->«-vi? Livi'j ^ j -o-M^o 

Ul . li> (.!>U^1 c-i::ipl 1^1 JLp Sj^Ijl. (^ULJL iJU^ oJli^j ^^''^^^U^l 
j^ . ij^J^l ^i 1juj>*^ ^j^v^ (^ <>i-^^ J-^-'* J^W^ ^JL3 c$>=^ ' ^bj 

jjitjLSl j^j t y^t-yA^ J-^^ CjLi-^ Ijbl ^^^Jlc- JaJi iJL-U oL^l jl ^^1 j-^^W 
Uj^*>IS' aU \^jj <.^j^Jjj}\ dJLb ^ 4_^1 <>w3 ^_^ Jt^-^' 'H-^ t>^^*T! *^ tLiJLJii 

t^jjl ^_^ ^_^ ilfl^ljj (.^^ U*>\J ^1 dJUJ ^_^ ^ ^jJ^ ^jj-" ^^^^ (*-*^ 
<,^j>Ji\ j^S\ ^\j^\ Jjnj ^^^j-L*Jl 4,*j»-l^^ ^oJiw^Ui j^Ij j^l ^Y _ ^ cjL^I 






f^:>l^l ?t^j^i^l ij_t M.rill ^^j S^rv ^A ^,>aiJl(Wellhausen,S(c)zzen4, Nr. 77) .uu^(>.l f^^^^ 

.YVV (_ya A (^ t^^ UJ^ •cJjl "^.'. ' ^ ^ '(J J ' "^ " >H 

^^ oi^ ^1 <tU^I 4> L,,^a;^j .MAV ^^ .\ t^^i f(Wellhausen, Skizzen 4, Nr. 77) a*-^ t>.) ^"^^^^ 

.N'l^A ,_^.> yfj^l ?AM ,_^.^LA4 (2^1 Lliul iju^jUl <l^l 

C*-*J 'J^ ^^ * O^ ' ^ eg J * ^ 1 i ' ^ Y ,jj3 <^j itt -^ njjl ^^ J-ftt r^ a liji Y A j^Jj £ ^ \ ,_>^ f \ ((,_jM_i-A.aJI «-jjt_jB 

JIa fiflj ui>i:^ .t^ .<*>■■> j^Jfj '^^ ^ * j' ^ ' ^^jl .i^jillj (^j-'M^ njl\ '<J i ' j^JtJ (i ^ (_>i* '^ * ^>*-") jj '■»a"tH 

(•uiji^j-a dj>'t .... <YA _ \ ^LVI ^Ju jjlVA ,_^ tX^j^ ,YAj V _ > LI.L1VI ^J-» jjY * A jj^ ,i ^j^ 
.-L^j-^ . _4 .«jn ^=i?l 1 r^jt c->->'i^' ty-L^J '"^^ .> Y _ ^ oL^Vl>> Het Mekkaansche Feest p. 63 - 65 
^Ifk^^ (j]J\ \jj^ (jU .il^llJl <l^l ^A^^Jx. tL^I j_^l Y 1 _ > oL9I j^ .Y^ .Y f^N YA ^,^ *\ jo^^ 

(jjlS <LL:w V ij-ot <ija jjj| <1^>II ^iUj ijr'o-^ (J Q^^ 6^ -^J -^ ^^' ij^ -^^-aJI^ j j^ ■ " Jjj^j <uic JO-i La 

Th. Noldeke, Literarisches Centralblat 1892 Nr. 26 



Jjj- A^JU- Lili^l Ol:.o,s ^ 7' J^b ^3^ J^ jy^ t^r'-^j^j^l ^^J ^"^ jrrd^* 

- \V djL^I jj-owa-jj ^p*)^i ^rr^*^l ^-^J • J-*^^ Jr^ L^*^^ ^_^U^i ^^\ 

j^ ojj-Jl j-fl j-i"*^! ^j^l J-*-^ ^ ^' .4.otiLSl ^^^ A^Ju^ ^^^jJlJlI 

L^-Jsjuj ^Ju^l J-i l^-^.io LLi Jj tSJL?-lj 4jo^ '^Lj^I ftJLft LijJ *Jj .j^^liJl 

Goldziher, Muhammedanische Sfud/en 1, p. 68; Abhandlungen zur arabischen Ph'tlologie 1, p. 
<fr^^»_U ^* ">l ->■ o'^-e-* •32f ; O. Procksch, Uber d/e Blutrache bet den voristamischen Arabern p. 34 

.Y ii^La. *"\V (_^ <F. Schulthep jja^^" 

A 'y/\ '1 <\ • o/\ -i .\ -r/N • Y .Yv .\o A\ .0 ,r 4;j9i) U^ <::Uia-j b^^i^b JaDI jUjO^i ij£, ^l 

jJljU^j-^oJI 6A-eJ Sj J ^ < tl^,^VUl ^ ...Vl J^^.(\YV/NY1c\\'\/\\A.\\A/\NV.NNr/\\Y 

,<j|jjjl ^j ^_gjl jA_i>1tj (^j ui'k n^l 

Het Mekkaansche <^j>.j^ J,^!^ -uk. jj ..._. Lai ^jjN V ujLVIj N Y _ \ <jVI t^JaiJI ^-a^ ..^i.^. t;,! ^^^^' 
\ Y'j \ Y (ja:ijVl (ji SjJjJI ^^Lill \j\<'i^ SjLi:. JjJj .jUiJI iliLLo JjLu:; L^l jjs <Feesf, p. 50, n. 1 

.<Jj^Ua 4a^iLt ^jA A rt_riil-> 1 <Aj1 CijlS 



jTj-S!l J-^l Ji — — 

ol ^ SUi {ii>oliII ;i_Jl ^ Ji^ J) ^^^^ l^j j.la: ^1 TV _ Yo oLNl 
^^ ^jUJl ojU^ Jl ro _ TA oL.^1 y^JJj .^! jjn^ Nl ^"l ^1 ^^1 
cJjJl j_5i C^Ltu L^j^ ^V li*^UaJl C-iIjNI oJufc ,.» ^tfT jl ^^^iL*jj .<jiJ>Jl ij-oJLi 

j^L^j^ii j-*.>^ ^^ Lg-jj ,vr /vr - oA olSii ji jj-^ llu^ ^^^.x^ . m hy\ 

J^^iJL c^iS lil IJUJs tAo/Ai o^^l jl ^JUJ! ^ . <\V /*\1 _ AT /A\ oL^lj 

fS f A. A A ^ ^ 

^ eijj«-3 ^ -^ • ^-Ap- ^! C'.jw' 1 Lgj I ^^ jl. N ^t^) C/i '^ ^*^ * ^>! *^^ (-?^ 

jbi^d . ^•v/\ •A. '\A/'\v oL'yij aWa* -vi/vr oL.'iJi oU; <Ju^i 
^^ ^:ij-^ ^^ i^ju ^^JUi j_«Ju_<Ji ji^ij \*y /^^^J >»r/\»T 

^_^l J-<^.>*-o Sijj:' J^ • *OlJI JJJC- Jju ^j..,(Sa Jj-^ (»-^ cTij^^J -^^-^^^^ 

,^j^]a]] t^^^jljJI f^yLa^ljJI nV § jiUiaJl iJS^ i^jjLloIII fjj mfl'ill ujLii i(_^JyO^I f \ § ^jjflfll'trtll C*U-ua <_.L*i 

^1 ^.^..^1 l^jl .(YV :A JLL.V1 SjjM- J^ JJhlj-iJt ojLi) vL^ ^1 Jl- <^V> 6' t5J-4 <^t ^? ^''* '^ 
fjj ...rtH <i_5^>^LkJI '.i\'\ (j^ <(jjjt4is f(^jit^l fVAV(_^ y'-'^ L>i^ CxM '4-u"LaJI ilx^Jt ^JJi -lUj U i»_ujLJl 

■ ■vj iii ft jl (Jj^^UIjI 3^JJ O' '*J>-p^ SjlX. OjUS L^I ^j in-^ ftjJI ^jjj kAa»«Jj . 45jljj) .'(^Ji^l^' -(SJi^ i^JlH f^j in'^ ftjJI 

A. Goldzther, ZDMG. vol. LV, p. 505, n. 4 ^j^U . J.^- l^I 

<^i ^j. jMiij diLo ^ ^ j[ SjLi) (4^ 45^j ^^^/^^A i.S/ij ^•v/^'l i^'yi ^ ii^i j.*^^ ('^''^ 



X^ l^^y. ^j .\\\ IW^ - VA/^^VoLjSfl ^j'H\ J^ obj ;i.J^l 
j^ oiL.«JLl iLo >t-gJ Ij^j \-ij^ jfi\s' LI cJlJl>J1 Ojj^^ ^y^ (t-SL*^ ^^^^^ j;-* ^1^1 

ijjj . jt-^l i^^^ c-j^l IjJli' jJ ^_^i>- i. ^jS jL^S^ jUJa*>/Vi *— *>-ij ^ ^v^-w<Jl*w*J 1 

i«-^jJlj L^JU^j-*^ ^w..^-i>*wJ jLwOU ^^*iiL>Jo \^y!tS' OjS^JlJ jaL63 ,jJaIj *C3j .<U^L>- <3L>- 

V Ij^;^--a; llS'y N! L^ ^j_^JLji ^;^j^l jli IJ^J .4JJLJI S^l ^ Jl^LJI 






•JJ 



YV> 



<^jjj1aJI j.jJitt1 ^_jjjuj (jlS ,_^l (jlij ixiUJI il YV (_^ 'tjjjj'^' (SSJiJ -^^ LT^ p-^LIj-jVI jjlj ^j doL=Jl lift 

Burckhardt, Trove/s /n Arabia 1 73; Burton, Pilgrimage ,^1 ) Kx. ^ <i^i« 1^ ...fl'i <1j»T oil^ i^^i.i.-l tj 

.f^l^VI ajlL ...j.^j <1AY ,_^ 'ts^jj*^* u^ (3/ 352; Chr. Snouck Hurgronje, Mekka 2, p. 66 

.^•v/^•■\ ij'ifi j^ A^i^i >:i ^"'^^ 



J l^jLl. b\ ^;;^Ju^l JS" JLp ^^ jj .•(.Ljia'^Li y^jL>Jl JU! Jl^I ^j^Ji 

^ i:::!^ u^\ o-L M il* ^ ^^'""^ uo />>r i ;.Sn ji- iju ^rA/^rv ^^Sfi 

^ LgJLP d^aj>«j::-^ tolj-dJl /«-*-=r J>^ ^b^ 4i*>Lp <^ iJufej tjljJJl 

.SjlpLiu ^^ L^iJlj olijl jL j^l ^^jJLp ^»>t^ Lj>Jlj ojI^jjUI ^Jl-^ 

.NNA/NNV <^9l cJ^ 

(((Jjlmyin ;^jt .Ajill f^jM.-; o^JI ;j_i.Ma~tl) ^(5^>JiaJI '(^jl>H f^ u^ <SjJhlill OjL .jAjjJi jji *;5a^l^l ^^'^^ 

.\ J^^ (^jLlij^l fVY (j^ 

.\\A/>\V.N>r/\NY (> -V/N *^ .> -o/N*! .N • Y/ N • Y .YV *\ o *> \ <o .T i_;VI :«^Lj;)> ^Ui^'^^^^ 

.A 4_iS^i;«j^^>. f^^oy/^^£ .nny/>\n .va/vv.vy/vy a^/aa <^^1:«^j« ^nyv/nyi .\ n^/nna 

:«ciU»f^V/<\-^ .Ao/A£ *A>/A- AA/1V .[.o .jr -U^ ^i <^Sfl ^^LJ*^! o-^l <^ ^oli Ll*] .or .Yl 
.^V/'N-V .^■V/'Va <Voyv£ .[.Ci .^ .LL^ 1 o lJ^\ ^L^^) ^j^JJi ^ ^^o:; Lijk] AY/^VY .01 ,ir <_*S^i 
AV/A-V AY/-V> .00 ,X\ .Yl .Yl a£ .Y i^^l :«.^b ;(JjiJ! ^ LJu oI^ dJJ t^j^) N-A/N *V 
.A*/V*\ A' (OA L_,S/1 :(,i^.i^ua» ! N • V/ N * 1 A • Y/ > • ^ AN/^- .Al/Ao .A- /VV <Voy VI A*\/-VA 
/Vl .Yo <^Sfl:«^» ^{oUiJl t^ i*ii u;^i^ aJj c5>-) A*/V^ .oA <^S/1 :«>Jb f \ * / N • 1 A • 1 / \ - Y 
AYA/NYV AYoyNYi .AV/Al <^^I t^S^^p. cJ>.! U Ijlj^ f > Y^/ ^ YA r> ^ A/ ^ > V .Vo 



(jT^I ^_jb 






iSj^ 



Sfl oL^i;! ;il^ 



iJ6' oli <j*Jl ftJub ^j-iJ O^-tI J-^^ ^-^ ^' • ^— '>i— -*^' ^^--r^ u^ l^.^j^j t LgJ 

4(.^i> ^)r c i /(4oyi^ij> ^^:;^)r oLNi) ji^v.L> f^^ ^i 4(.^i)> 

JbJ jl *Jl^ ^ (JJLp o-^ Jlj-- ^J^ "^^yr ^^bjJ^ J^ ^-r"--^ c?* "^ /^ ^1^' 
Jli J . jUj>b^ 6 Lj^ ^^ I J 1 ^ LJL*' i ; ^(.^ Cy^ '^ ^ J-* J-* *-^ "^^ J ^-*-* J ^ fk:^ ^ 

jjjLi ,j» u^ («t:,Ujy!» itt5^1 .AjJI !v_. "X lili^l Cod. Lugd. 653 Warn. Fol. 6b. ftl ^j^A 5j_*lJJI 

Cod. ^ (jJjo .t^jljJl ft^jji.1^1 ?i^jL-kiJI f^j-iiti-ajJ) fjj ,..<'ll ^^U^ ^tV § O'-^'^' v'^ «4^jU^I ^ "' 
(j-o flal>l) t 4j^1 (jKji V (j-3 <r <l ^....-ij^ ^jfl-^; *^_pjjijoJlj (j^9l (>. <Ull]l iiLSjJI Lugd. 653 Warn. 

.^iiij^ ,p^ ^f-jfJi^ (> i/r 4uVi fv/o <jSfi fi^Uaj ^>^i >i^ 

.l^Jj^lJ (SJ=^^ LL-ujI (^)jjJiJ t^Ll^l^lj 



cJb^j *■ "^ /I <j*^Ij U;5-*^ <^^!j As^a-il oJla ji A^j^ Ol bJlP ^^.---Jl iJufJ . iJl 
Y/(4lilj^j)^ ,>:^)T ^.'Vl .!/£ ^„Si ob ^ ftX>Jl jJOco liiOfc .S^^l 

J^T^ ^jW^ (♦-S-^ JJ^^*^ ^bj-'' ^*^ ^^ *J^' <-J|jlwa_a jjJ>tJ (^jjllll Jj-«-Il JU 
tiUj CUJlS" lil Lol .^LvS'Nl S^Lp V^ 4jU-» JUj>«-a (U2a^ Uc^J t^-H-w-LJl Al«Jl 

fj> VIV ^^ oj.nfl-JI «(5jJcJI f{Wellhausen, Sk/zzen IV, Nr 103) d^i^ j^^i ;j*\ il ^-^ .^Uus o^' ^^^^^ 

•Sprenger, Leben 3, p. 386ff. f*\V ^^-a 

.^r^ ^.i ^Ui}\ a^I> fYm ^.r ^^i ^:^u.4^^^,^,^nii ^^""^^ 

iSjJ^ ("JjUhJI t-jUiulx .^^jiajjuuJI -(jjJI f-*^ -efjU' ^JJ-'i^'tti ((^^^JaJh (^>a.l JLatI _ <d]l <jJh f^^i*.)^! ^ ^ 

.OJda. 4jSaII S^>jiJI (j-o 4l^ (^1 ^^ jSil V L^Jil Ij <.i.5\ i-uaSJI 

.[r] jj^ij i.T Uji^L o^**^^ (Jijli) ^j 'f 6^;^' *"'* 

• (((JjJ>jJI L_jLj.dLuU < jleajj nil' '(jJjJl P^Lc f ^^jLiAijJI f^^iti-^^o^l f^OlSj-a-uJl ^ j ' ■■■o'tt (^^^^jiJI ^ ^ 

.*\ <jjlJ) Sj^^jjj fcJLj> CxJ^ 
,> > /Aj V/Y 01 yi VI 4^j5 ylli ^^.>^ Vj^ cbiJI Jje V ^'"""^ 

Y»o 



j^i ^ ^^ dJL.^ oi j^ L^^ Uo^j rv/rr ;.^i \:^jp ^"^^^^A/n _ ^o 

^^ ^jl> Jb^j Lli >Jki-<Jl iJub jji^ ol j-a ju '>l9 t Jl^jULj oIJu jlJ ^— »y>Jl jL 

«JjJ:jJ1 C.«,-.*j>tJ LaJj Jtl-Jfl) 4ijL- oij-al (^Ip £^\1A JJ ^j^ ^ iJU,:>T;-« (1)1 7t-^ 

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La .ifi^l Sjlill ^ YA/ Vt _ YV/ Y • oLSfl JX^ Jjl^^ .H. Hirschfeld, New Researches, p. 71 .i^Lil 

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.WeilK. 1,p.80, K.2, p. 90^'"'^ 

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I. Goldziher in ZDMG. vol. 57 Lljt ^jjU -o § > J--*i .<_L^lj ;;^J1 ^^L --^'O--- f o § o-^iiVI ^Ll^ 

.(1903) p. 393 
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Rud. Geyer, Gottingische gelehrte Anzeigen 1909, Nr. 1, p. 27f. I ."a j t^^^U .ilc ^j_a. «LjJ jii-o 
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Rendel Harris and Agnes Smith Lewis, The story of Ahikar from the syriac, arahic, armen'tan, 

: Jj LiS _ ethioplc, greek and Slavonian versions, London 1898, p.{34) 47 

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?£ Y ^ i_^ ^0 • ^ Memoires de I' Academie des inscription, ^ <\\\%\\ ^j^ ■ jYl (_^ <A Extraits, 

.\XA .j\ VY ^ r«oli;yl« .'N S <5UJ) .<^^t 

.^Y^ .NNY ,_^ Chronographia Islamica fasc, 1, fVYl (_^ .Y ^ Caetani, Annali dell' Islam, 

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fiiji .1 <^ <l>ajJ) ^Ui fYY (N j_t ... a" II <;^j lUII jAi ^j^Lux-uUI fo * Y j^o (^ V iY Petermann Ljl-.-^ n 
iWW (j^ <Y L. Caetani, AnnaW^ -jLijJI jl oL;j>j-1I i>i ^ > YV (_^ .(((jU^VIb t^. n.-k ^iJLi:i c^^LS oUllaJI 
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.«i_fl^)) 1 Yo <5U>il iilai. Luaut 

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fV (V jiJj Kosegarten, ^ja-^,"* *J-?1ji o'^?'^ -"^^ u^ ^t^jJUJI jja-%n t,^j»l ?N AV ^iJj (Ahlwardt) jj.ij^ll 

."1. • aij <1 Wellhausen, Skizzen, aIc Sjit. ^| ilLujj ^^ SjUJI saa xhj*^ Jn«"t ...jj . Y ^ ((i;iiu_^^l)) 

A Petermann LjU\ n f Y • ,„,^ <N jj-^^^i: ^t^^^^l f ^ VV ,_^ ,«^jU:iyi)) ;jj...ia">ll ^ 'c? jl -^ .> H «*-aU^» ^^"^^ 
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^^^JJ I vlj^l Jij La .1. Goldziher, Deutsche Literaturaeitung, 1906 fVo ,_jo *^ Ji'i-> c>i -^""^^ Ti ."^ 
Emily Ruete, jjijLi .<-i5lj3jV* ,_>-Jj-a-li ^^j I n_t ..i V <. fl"»^1l ^Ui^ ^.\r,%\ ..._> ^^Vl t^"*-- L^ii^l 3^^ j^i 
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.LSjjil j^ (_pi (jVI (_p^ Jot"...~ Jl^ V Ja^I ^^L«^1 il » > A<\ ^^ , ^ A^ Y ^^^ arabischer Schrift, 

.o!iLui)j-o ^ SjLJI 6J^^ .sn-> o 4jLjl1^I .> V *X Petermann LjU-^ o f N VV ,_^ i«(jU:i)fl)) «^j) ^Jaiw ^'^'^^ 

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.Studhn in arabischen Dichtem, 3, p. 162 

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^tLft c»5j j_^ c.fl.VtO j3 oLVl al* a>S3 ij W. Muir, Life of Mohamef, j^j jY * Y LaJ_uaJI ^ a^! 



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JabarT's Korancommentar, ZDMG, 35 (1881), p. 588 - 610 <JU* ^\2 ^"'"'^ 
.Das Leben und die Lehre des Mohammad, Vol. 2, p. 1 82f. ^^^^^ 



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(^tj^jjLij (it^^j^ J-^1) .Geschichte derMormonen, 1912, p. 33 - 83 

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.jO ' (_^ <(\ AS Y) (Orlentalische Skizzen ^Encyclopaedia Britanica^^ «Koran» JLL. ^ ^'^''^^ 

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New kesearches into the Composition and Exegesis of the Qoran, London 1902, p. 141 - ^^^'^' 

143. 



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.Wellhausen, Sk/zzen un6 Vorarfae/ten, Heft 4, Sendschreiben fjYA ,_j-o <V *N «j — » — uj j j| *^ ^ ' 



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."VV i Lugdun. Warner l-^U-L ^ ^jr.^^ (^ j-at ■ <fLf^l *OL>JJ' 



{Silvestre de ^^^^--^L^ iS^ yL^^J-L-^ ^^.^.i^^JJl (j^j--li-*wJ 1 jLS" Ji_^! IJla ^ 
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Journal des Savons, 1832, p. 536 ^"^^'^ 

.Mohammed der Prophet, p. 350; Einle'itung in den Koran, 1 . Ed., p. 43 ^^^^^ 

jj_t L^Li ou^jJJI 6J_A (jLJ j.i-A-* Lq jjJ_c. .E/nle/tung in den Koran, 2. Ed. (1 878)/ p. 52ff. ^^^^^ 



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/^t : W ..l^^Nl Ij^ aJl-ISGI a:lJLJI ^ up^j-" <^'^ Ji-^„ ji J^l j-« 

^^\ <.r\ /r* :r^ ^y]\ ijj^j \rA/\ii :r d\j.^ S\ij^ j^ ^j^y\ 

oV : T'\ Oj-icjJl ij^y^j ^AT /^Ao if ol^^o^ jT SjjHw- jLi clUi ^^ U-^Li 



J .^all (ji^I ^L (A<3 J .^ fill ((^jUlJI ((^jLLjJ) f \ > (N Cureton ^ja^l t,jJLLLujj ,V.H M TV <T U.^jjh 

A^l <jLa,LB *^^ * i A-^ ■ ^ J^ C^3>^' <^L«^ JT— u« Oiifl :4^ ti .i^n <JL^ (^^jijJI P^l^ lilt jLjj ^^ jLin.> (^Jj-i 

.Caetani, Annaii deli' Ishm, 1 , p. 51 - 56 fGoldziher, Muhammedanische Sfud'ien, 2, p. 49 ^ "^ 



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*>p f'lijJl Jj>-! /j^ \Jih>z-fi 6j— 'Lj j^^ jlj JbJLiJi tiLll] ^»-ii^ ^_^>«— v<j! JUj>t^ 

'Caj>-jj jLhjNl c-iJc>J t /wJ^a j-^ 0^^ ^r?*^^ J^*^^ C-i>-i JL*j>i-« olij C-ol^ jJj 



:iA ^^\ ijj^ ^T :iV ju..>^ ijj^ Hi^ :rr <^\}^^\ ijj^ ^ATA/Mi 

t\j* iM^j (_j«laJ^ jj-i-uj^j r-^^j^l SloAi J^-^ Jj^*- <Jj.-^ \ ft 11 (_j^ 14^ fill J ^juJiAji II ■_jl!l^l ^j^ n-ifl LLA ^j'l'ii ^ 

L^ i.r*">" J^ ''^-> t^i JijJ* Jj "^^^ (»-l '*-UI Jj-^J ul <*-Ulj» *(_y-uJ>4> j_jJ[ Lj-^jI <^^Luuyl 4 <^ j5l 1 ) J<.UjIj .^j-luJJ 

.^j-ui^ jj.a Vjj f^j-o tj^ Lf*^ j^-^ *^ '^ iCureton j^ja-^" tjjljLujj^.ji'ill 

Tor Andrae, D/e Person A^uhammeds in Lehre und Ghuben seiner Gemeinde, Sfockholm, ^^^"^^ 

1917, p. 23. 

New Researches into the Composition and Exegesis oi the Qoran, London 1 902, p. 1 38 - ^^^^^ 

141. 

.Das Leben und die Lehre des Mohammad, 1 , p. 1 55ff. ^^^'^^ 

.J oX ^_^<\AV\ tj^ 'ftlj^iSj ilLu-j i/^ohmon et Ahmad ^^^'^ 

,Annali deinshm, 1 (AAilono 1905), p. 151 ^'^'^ 



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<jNI <i-^j JM>- ^ J4NI ^^1 ^Ju ^»^».J i,A£^^jL^\ ^Cj^:L^ v-r--^ ^- ^-^^^ 

.Einfe/fung /n den Koran, 1 • Ed., p. 67; 2. Ed. p. 76f. ^'^'^'^' 

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<juJJl1 <a^1j-9 <yJ\A^ <Heidelberger JohrbOcher fur die Litterotur, 1 862, p, 7 (^i Jaii j^^ Jjli'll 



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^ ^LjI f^Lftww-l j-S'JLj jl JUj>^ oiLp ^ jj^ *J <ul LiUi ^J t-gl ..r^j . li^»,>^ 

.Geschichte der Chalifen, 1, p. 68 ^^^'^ 
•jjjS c-iiU^ Ja^ p ifi.till lii t^jLi (J^ S^ (^^ 



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.AY_A- ^.N P>J1 <*MiiT ^:^L5 ^'"'^''^ 

.Gesc/i/chfe der Chalifen, 1 , p. 1 68 ^''^> 

:^LJ(5j> a \iViA o) >_U3-.^ J^^.Mt ULS^i.NAA- ^^^j^JU .U j U ^ ^ . y^^*-*"^* C^^^» ^''''^^ 

-Brockelmann, Geschichfe der arabischen Litterafur, 2, p. 46f. 

.G. Weil, Einlelfung in den Koran, 2. Ed. p. 56f ^^"^ 



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.Vor/esungen uber den Is/am, p. 207, 260 

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.l,p.33 

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4JL-JI 6j^^ ol A-Jw-Jl i^Llj^l jj,^ (_y ^^rdJ -V* /TA : Yo olij^^ ^jjh- 

(Friedlander ait ^'j^ ^1 ,,.,..-> .1 * V .Y (> Ai VJournal Asiatique ^ (Kazem - Beg) y - jJili ^^^^^ 
lI^At <j-oL<»yi ujjl*:i Lijjtj Loj <1 N * (Y (> Air Journal Asiatique j^^J jj _ ^l^ L^n-ia 5jUf-i .,. .i.^ 

(_^^ Sjijjjjj ^ * ijf-^' Sjj_Loj (^ 1 r-^j-iiJI Sjj-Luj SX jj-fc ir>li Sjj-uj ;jjiii A-%j ^^4^1 j;**^ t(j' ft >r « tt"^ <j^rtt 
* ^ 1 W^U^yi)) w m-> .<^ J*C *."i ^ (jll\ ^ i i-k ,r,n ^ ,_^VI lift (^ Uk>5^ f^J -S-i^'j Sjj^LU ^ N • "l 

.Yl (j*3 (aMcI LuajT UJ^J .^Ifl't iiin Ijij-uj jJ-"Jl AJ-4 

.0 Y *> Petermann (Berolin JajU-^^^ ^^^^^ 
.Goldziher, Muhammedanische Sfudlen, 2, p. Ill '.\ <^j YY isli^l <1 «(_y:LJl» ^^^"^^ 

.ooY<> Petermann L^jkku. ^^^'^ 

.YYA ^A P>J1 A^l cja ^^^^^ 

.Coidziher, Muhammedanische Sfudien, 2, p. Ill i,....-^ iV* ^1 ^ .<(i_.jtlt ^U^b ^^^^^ 

rYi 



^ SUj ^>>v- ^^^1 c^J^^wi: ^^'^\^ jNl Up ^ U. J>l cJl5 ^1 ^A 
j_a j^^r^^ j-^' ^'^ ^Jlj- ^^^ lj->^ (JJ^^ J-* j-^ j-j^ oLS" jJj . /t-fjLjl f-L«_w-l 

^Jlp <^IJLpI Jl OL**^ o^^l t^^j"^' t>rV^^ c^ jj^lkf o^^l jlj U-^N 

^ jLiil ^>>Jli c^ljl IJl^ .iL_<^! liiiLw N 4j^ ^'^^''\^^1j^1 ^ 
jj» :^ U5 <dJl JLP ^1 pUNi L^U^ ^^1 4ijycJl <^j^\j l-U JiljK .4^^ilj 

.YYA .YY-V ^ .> p>Jl .A^Oiil CJ^ ^^^^^ 

Jj,^ U^*^' *^^J e^ljiil du'-* -WtjfJ-aj-a l^li i_4jVjl (jV fLiAjLj .1 ^ < rt t _t j^iA^ MU i^^^^ij^j^l ^Ic <Llja <-aiabj 

ijljj CiJL^ 1J[ La i_fl>»^ V .YTA (j^ A frj^l taMtl jj^j-o (j_»^^>jtJI (j^^jJl .~Vo /~V1 ;S <j>iJl Sjj-uj j* i^i." 
.*^U*«VI dt ,^.r.ri <ol>ft ^jL jjSi J-^VI ^^ ^IS ^ <jjlJl 5j^^^ (S^ *oYV .«^L5:V1» 

. 1 * "^ Sprenger J»5ia:k-o I ji^ ^ ^ 



(-aTTA a:^- o) (JjLjNI fi^jjj Lo »^^«->t^ C-J15 ^Ua-a c^Ul^ jl ^j ^^^j 

jT Sjj-^ _ ^*-;iL«*^ i?i^,-^ iJl*^ o^^ ^y -^^ c5^^ sjLaJi j^ "iJjj tt^_yJLP 
jljJj)^ u^/ur :r ji^^ jTojj_^ ^ ^l^lJj .m i^\ -at ^^>Ji 

C. Brockelamnn, Geschichfe der arabischen (X?^ ^jJj— a-Jl Jj-^ . i * "^ Sprenger Lj U -=> ^ ^^ ' 

.Uttemtur, 1 , p. 1 92 

.T <^j (VN <SLSjJl ^y^kla^l ait Jj^ ^^^^^ 
.^^H *_jLitj-o (^ oii*. ji (J^LLoJI p-Lft-uil (jl >.,flj.Atj "GSJ (0 of (> Petermann LjU-^ ^ I j i >^j Iji* ^ ' 

I -II . c^^^o 



rrn 



Jj^\ J-,J^ 



j.flToJi ^ IijL«^j» Vi : To jU^I 5j^^ ^ 4.^\^\ ^y;^<JJ LUj>-j^ Jjbj 
(_$Jl11 JJldJlj . jU^ L.ii>6-,*2^ ^ L^lXj Ijj^ jl Jjiffl *i>lXa JjIuj IJl^ Ajil 

i i ^ 

T i jji5l ojj^ n.lla.a c-jIjNI oJu^ ^__yOu jjfcij . k^-IjIp 4*^1 ji (w«-«j IjJlp cJjj (^l 

S^j JlU I ^J^ Sj Jlp Oj-^ ^Jj-J ^■'t^wJLl 1 ^^--o N I 7t^ ^J^^ Cy ' (jJJa-Ma-<J 1 ^^ (_^ 
. AA 4-J-UJi 5jj^ (t-S-^j ''--r^ y*" ^ Oj^l ^ j^^:^ . jljiJl ^ !>L^a=>«-« 

5U-^I ^j .J^ L^ SJ^Ij Jl*^ ^\ b^\ ,j^ ^ (J LiSU ^^^'^\oT^l 

(j^ iV jr Journal Asiafique ^ (Kazem - Beg) ^ _ |Jili JLL« jj^ Sxal-u** Sj^VI <aj-uJ1 illoVt ^^^"^^ 

Goldziher, Beiirage zur Liieraturgeslchie der Shi'a, p. 14; Muhammedan/sche Sfudien, 2, ^^^^^ 

p. m. 

t <,>...-> .4j.jJiiyi ^ ^J^ (Ricaut Histolre de I'etat present de I'empire ottoman, Paris 1670 ^^^"^^ 

.Goldziher, Muhammedanische Studien, 2, p. 112 

rrv 



U^jr^^ ^J^ 

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jjb _ j-*Lp ^LJl jj^l i-i.^r^ ^ ;^^ ci-i-J^ ;_^i-^ U-**^^**-* *^' ci-J^^ ^^JhlJu 
iUL^^^i ^^^j * . (Garcin de Tossy) j^^^ iS^ ^^^-w^jLp ^^.^J^I J^s.Li..^o-] i 
*^LJaj>-'yi ^ys-f^^ 4-J ljwL^t-4 <«JJ ^,,^ ; \ \ (Kazem-Beg) i_) _ ^\S ^IjUJl 

OJb-^Jl jijiJ! CjLWjJajit^ C-— *u:>i^ ^^^"^^ ,t-,>^^ajj dJLj^^r>tJL5 1 J ^jbi^l UjjitJL^^j 
^ o^jljJl ^is'l^ C-^UJlS' j»_^ ^j^ ^J^ ^yu ^Lp2*^I iJLft jlS" lil Jj-aJ! ^..*-^M 

.<-^ljjJl J^JL« v^ Li-jw^j jJLS"! c— its' ^_vtf»L>- 4JI—J j_5-i-p (_$^r^VLj J I t Li 

.ir*\_irN .> ^.>AiY Journa/AsJaf/que ^''^'^ 
,^i M (V j: <NAlt Journa/ Asiaf/que ^^^^^ 



"Je suis enfin assez heureux pour posseder dans ce moment, apres dix - huit ans ecoules, tout le 
chapitre inconnu du Coron, dont je n'avais lu precedemment que quelques fragments, et de 
communiquer mes idees sur cette decouverte. M. Garcin de Tossy, ouquel nous sommes 
redevobles de to publication de ce chapitre, dit dons son introduction" .^| 

:1TA ^<6:iUljjlaJl>u-^l^'''''^ 

"... le chapitre que j'ai publie est si peu repondu dons le monde musulmon, que ce n'est 
qu'apres dix - huit ans de recherches que le savant professeur de Kazan a pu s'en procurer une 

copie exacte." 



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olj-^.w«Jl j^ (_$jJi 4JJI j[ "\ (♦-r*-=^ U-* jj-S ^ ^.iiJjl J_^jJl (^j-^j-i ^j-s^j 

ISLp JJLLfcl JLi -dJl jl 'I *-Jl Ju-Ui (_$Jb^l jj j,-*jiC<kj >v-gJJb^ti *^gA-^^ (*-g4r^ 
jji^U ^.S"^^! jjj <j! *_S0 jj.^ ^j^;-«-*j>-l 4jt-j j-^j '^^j-^^ '^Jj-* ^*^'j LS^y 

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ill* (jjU .t,>-=»iJl ^ «!iUa (>Q Vjj (iNJl)) JjUj (Garcin de Tossy) ^_f^\::i tjj (jj_uijLt ^^ LLLLo ^^ ^^ ' 



o^ji^ jJU JJI jl n (*.^i ^f*^ (»^j^ t>^ ^^^ ^yji iji"^^ ^^ J^ ^ ^ 
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oU JJUl Ujji JLi t^l^^^l Wrii U ^^ <Jj^^ (-^^i^ Jll^Nl ^ Lu^ JLij 

t- V A • 1- ('^°^>4\ . t t" . ? (tor), . . !* 

(^ N J ^^ p^^ ^_ ^ ^ji ^J 03r^^>^ (^ ^1 ^ "^ byJ>y^ ^\ ^^ 

^ ^j dijj ^L; ^4-^ ^^ j^Jj<*j ^ -CP Ulifl ^♦Jvf^ j^ *-§J jl YV jj^^ 

•j^JLl^^l j_fl tiJLLi \_« •jjJJLS' 1.5L>Jl ciL L-Jl juJj T^ ^>^ Oj— J 

.Jjlij i\'\ (V ;> j-a-^i Sj;j-Lu Uil^ <«jJja1*jm \J^ «JjjiaJU» (^ Vjj ^ ' 
tt • . ' . M . . - (^='*) 

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.<jal^ O^^uJ L^Jllotj jJjLilJl aj-4 (^ .w^li-L^)) jl «J4X,» t>Li^ JjU .JiVI (_j-l£- Sjjs^Ij i^K i-i^>ft<i< Ll* ^ ' 

.i ' iiSfl J,>a. aUjI (jjLS »Ljl>a Ijj^ u*^ «d^ tj^» 

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.IjjI >^i I III 'in 'l« f, ^1 (tt flj'^'t lilt Loj)t 6jLul]I (^ (jjaia.1 jjl «._LU"t jjiI V 
.Ll^I liA J..ftXj,.iuj tjl U^-*^ La jjfcj («,_jlc.» >aJI '-fl>=>^ *J^J 0',>*J' CT* J'^ *LrV**' (J*""^' 

.<eSfl <eW^ i-^KJI Ji^ V iJLJI 6l4 ^ .«a>i^.) IjSi J VI 6^ :iLi <^ljj U ^ j^J ^li )J1 f""'^^ 

.rr 4eSfij r\ <^Sfi (ije i*i^ ji ^^ii^i ^jA*^ JilJj .^Li 4:^j ^J* 



(jljjjl J-*J»- 



*_Aj ij-*JLU JjJlII iJj:l.^ J^ Ji 4_jj lIjIjj jj>-j_)j ojj>-^\ jJU>«-j IJl^L*/ J-J^L; 



L^ Sjj^Vt SjjJLuaJI ^U-^ II .(Cjtilinj ((^^illn (j^ SjJij Jj^j J'^J • ^ ^ /^ '^^ ^^-^J^' ^1 '^i-h C*J£-1 <jV( 

.((iijiJIjn jl i_ijj*j S)j1 ^J ((LaJLuan IjJa (j^ Lo| e-^^jJl (jlj«J ttU-N. (_^'ij| ^ji ^ ^ 

. Y 1 <J jj^ t,^\ cJ^ *3^u>yi ^ <Jji 5js:i ^uxuj ^""^^^ 



^Ji^ *Juj- ^^^ t(<^jJl ojU*yi (_^;>-^ JIjaII j_^) ^JJ*-^ <jJ <-r— :* *^J ^-^Lp iaiJ 
^yjii (jL-J! ^-r-Ua:^. .oT^l ^ O^.J" (^"^ ^t^O t^JuW Jj»3j (n ;jSi) «j^» 

^_^ "y jT^i ^_^ j^i oi uj c«Li.;^ j! ilg^ «^-i)) ^^^ yi 'J^\ ^ «(_^yw 

U5 c«^^L3)) j\ ((Jlio)) ^^^^i.^ (TT ;.S!! J) ^UU ^.J15 j.a^.i«J ^j ^^"''^\ jT^l 

f'\ ■/? SUj o^*yjJl 4_k->.lj_| dJL-_P^ JLj 4.^:> 4_La j_^lj (_5^->^ J-i tjij-SJl ^ :>^ 

iJIji ^^^ tVA ij*yi ^ YjU)) ^^J..«-w c^^ '^^r^ '^^'-rd tMi-iJb^)' J^ - . LiUJ 
"y J _ . <j Jjj^i-Ji 4-«-:lj c«^L>-» Jy 71^9*^1 jLS'j cJtAls'yi ^_^ iL^ (j-^J 

JaiJ ol jii^JLl C^iLJl ^ _ . 0^^ aJ jj^ 4JUI ^jJ (j-'Ul it.*^ (>-^*-^ «j-l^» Jjti 

^j^j jT^l ^ ji^ (r<\ ^j^l) «^)) _ . «:>_^^)) ^ Nju «oU-.1» JiiJ c U^Jlj 

.jrri ^ <.Uj1 o^u t^'^^ 

.Goldziher, Vor/esungen uber den Islam (1 91 0), p. 21 7 (JjIj < yU» i^KJ ,^i3uJI 11a J^^a. ^^^'^ 



tyjNLj ^^^J^\ ^yi>^\ aJbu j$Joj (> ^J^ y>^\ <-^y^, iJ^^ ^.j^^ ^^' c/ '^'^ 

.3^ Ijly. aj ^yi::J^\ J^l ^jjj j^j- lli jT^I ^ (i^ aj^O 

.(uLi U» SjLp ^y^ fr^^ JjJLj ^ ti^jjLjl UL»c*j La ^y (1 ajNO (uLi Uj)) 
iJLjT)) Jj^" jl ,^yiL-j^ jl5j t5-u^ c^ (r^ ^j^l) «^v^l>Jl dL l^h SjLp 

U» SjLp m-Jfj^\ iJufc i (^>4 ^j-<Ji j^ t jLoiLt jLuJ^ «jAji)) LJlS'j ^?>-^J^ 

L)) ^^LwJl l»l .4^Ai!l A^^^LJl jj— JL; ^1 o^;.Mg-a.^ 1 oL^l (1)1 j_^ /*jij JaliJl 

Jl s^Ip ^^^ (rij Tij ^r oL.'Ji) «j^^i i^j))j (^ 4.^0 «i^T^_jlJi i^j 

jl j£ju t(^jXiJl jlj^l *J1^ JU*i' ^/aJl j^ aJj^j^l C/lSLfll^l ^v^ J-a 

if ^ 

f-l-Le^lj t^jL>-j o^ji J J jjJ^^j>tw* (jj-i-il t jLi5\Jl j^^ 5ljL«^l j_* liij l^a>-l 
(jl ^1 «_Uj *^ %o/%* : sju^LJI Sjj->. jl U-J t(T^ ^^Nl) JjjUj ^_^j^ 
jiljjLj ^JJl ojj_^ ^j^j_xJl ^LkJl jjfc ^i j_o j*-*^l ^j^ .j^jjiiLjjL; ei^ 

^ij (r^ cTl cU cU c^ oLj^D^^jJl ^^^ Jlp jujlJLjJIj (r»^ o^^l) 
^^^ (T^ .>• .^ cA oLNO ^^""'^J^^l ^ L4JI J-jf ^j SJ^UI c-.^>cJlJI 
Jl (jll ^JJI ..^1 ^ j^^ N J^liJl. . iJ^^l Jjp-^^ J ^4>-^> J^^^l J! 

jjj JjJ V «(_j-iJ» '^J rt III"* It .«J,3-tuj)) <Jin III" II Lajlj ajtt i '•> oJjJt pljLjJbU Lai ,tA,-^ aI Sj^j-tiJI ^-J Jj 



■ 6J;=k.l^ Sj-* 



rrr 



.(VH cTi ^j^jll) Ju^ j^^j ^1 5lij JL^ oLiJ 
c^^^ ^j^As>^ Jjp- jjjj ^1 ojj-Jl ^ '^j-:^^ oIjLjJI ^^iJl IJla jSp 

jj^yr- J"^''* ^jjJaill oJla ^^„w«*^*j . ^Li^ /^.^ ^^^ *4-*t^ 4-a^ la ; t <■ J-c^j 

Noldeke, ZDMG, 52 (1898), p, 29; I. Goldziher, Mohammedanische Sfudien, 1, p. ^XjI 5 ^^^^'' 

.118; Vor/esungen (ih&r d^x\ /s/am (1910), p. 209f. 

.rtr ^ .6^1 ^jji^ ^'"'"'^ 

.jrvN ^ .*^\ ^M «^„ iJiJ ^Uii ,,^*^i j^ ^^"""^ 

Goldziher, Neuptatonische und gnostische Elemente im Hadit, Zeitschrift fOr Assyriologie, ^ ^ 
22, p. 328 - 336; Tor Andrae, Die Person Muhammeds in Lehre und Glauben seiner Gemeinde, 

Stockholm 1917, p. 319ff. 

I. Goldziher, Vorlesungen Ober den Islam, p. 217; A. Sprenger, Leben und Lehre des ^^^^^ 
f \ • N ^LiiA (^t) ^ '•■ -» AjIjjJI i_j-u*a. <I^Ui jjt£ ^ JJi ;[;^l (U <i*,^ dj^ -^^je Mohammad, 1 , 294f . 
SA-^m lS)ij >'"• j-fis j^l j>>j f <-i 1 li a-H a^ ;^ 4-111 a^c 4^j ^_^ (jO A < N < N jjl-u* ^\ ; N • V A t \ fjj.ilaA\ 

.(oLIjj i^li ^ ir ^ A A ^^ c^\) ot^ Ji yi c-ilj 



m 



^ jyJl5 Ju^l ^ Li)) -Z^^^^Ju. Ji J\s^^^\ v^_ e^lSl J^i <,g^.j 
^1 oU ^Ul ^ jljlij U^l «^.jjJi)) jj^ ^j^^l Aj,^i ^ JU:ij . «jyJl 

^^^'^\(TA cV :ov JoJ^\ ojj^ ^^o 



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Li^^„ ^ (_* ^ \ \ ii^ o) ^j-^V CH -J^-*-^-*J (S^,.>«-^ ^1^1 j^l) ^^.^1 

J-i e-JtLS' ij\ ^JJ^ jIjlj jv-ij t4-^L«^!l *^\j3 (Jy>- J-w^l jjI ^^I ^ ljj^\ dJuJi 
-Uj-x^ uaJ ^^jj1j\ *-^1 ^rfr^l f*-^J ^®jj-^ jl^^^^j*^ ^jyjij j$^ jXs' ^^L*j\ Oj^l 

U^ t^uSd .LSjJt.^ <s\Ju jj->*j f%-L— ;_^1 Ji^ i-U>- ji^i '-^>«^ "^-J^ J-* iJU^aJl 

L^-Jl^ lil IJUb _ A-o^^l oJlII JLplji LSL^i >^J^-6^ j-**j • S-^-^ *-jfcli-«j j^-^i 
. i ^ S (j-a (A^Ltt jj^UI ja-uaaJI *^ _ ^li L^! 4jj^ .Y N A (j-a .N ^ Haarbrucker i-ft^jL ^^^^^ 

.i YA 0-* *6!»ltl jjiUi jA.-xJ1 ^"^^"^ 



> 
iijil!! ^1 cJL-jI vM' ^*>^1 ^..^:Jl jlj iJuJuJl ^ L^ Jaii^l ^ .-Jl (^Jb-I 

jjfc IJla jI ^^^^jljl^ t jJuJi ftJ-A ^1 <Sla * ^ ..^ <o <_4*vajj , ^3---*-^J Oj '.^ : ^ I j 

p!iU fK4;;jULi)fU usKuinx .^^lajiJI <(^jLkJI <jj!iVI ^I <«.::xj^_^I» ._.■ ...-k «■ t^ ■■r.ot jil JS ^[ J^jU» ^ ^ 
jja-i ,_j_li LA^i^ (1 VY ,_^ <o • ^ (Memoires de rAcademie des Inscriptions ^ S*^lj-ll ^j*-^ .(>jjJ1 



> « .^-.^t . 11 ^ .V ^ .> r • r jV^i <jcJ= <t^jU^I J>=.. ^:^Uu.iil ^> ^jnr.^j .(Notkes ef Exfra/fs VIII 344 
Warner. 2 GoL; Cod. YVV LjU^ o >IJ .V.'.M ^Vlj J^^AiVl U«iL. <-oj U Jl ^Ia (vrr o) c?-h^>iJI 
C. Brockelmann, Geschichte der ^[1 <_* o<\ • ^j ^^ lUI mil &ii (>j ^i-^liJl ^.uJM ^] LlkJj Ludgun. 
t>j| f (1 VN (j-a (0 * jojc ((Memolres de TAcademie des Inscriptions <^ljJI ^ ;(arafa. Lit., 1 , p. 409 
ja-ua^l (jjLoi^j^ ^^U <_A AW o) (^j>aJI (^ J rt -k <^ I <jj_ijiia't]| (jii-al^^l 'Y <a.j Y N *^ ^_yjL^>iJI f<^ii&£. 

^^X' ^jik = ^ v•^ .Vindob L>i^*(i'V ^.^liU'i 

Memoires de i'Academie des '.\ a^j Y iiUjJI <Lugdun. 674 Warner iajU-; o <^^-. ^ ^^^ j-<in ^"^^^^ 

^ Ijjb 4^,L1 (ft^iLtl jt^liJI j,.i ,^ i^ 11 c,^NU ...ftlljiN 1 N MtjViUliyi)) .-I n.^ .1 YY ^j-a ^o • jojc inscriptions 

.(_* 1 YV o) ^^ jlt L^l b>?^>a (J\jl\ Il4 (jl£ "V r Lugdun lajU-^r^ ......^ .jISaaII (^t_>JI 

t_jbl (_jJ jLillJl» t_jbj^ i_i .n-^ .j_jj-LsjiJl ?^ ilif tjJ '.(j^jlS\ ;««JiaJ1)» f \ <^j Y ri5li>!l J^-k^ (jj j-a£ ^ ^ 

o) ,^l-...:>n.ll x.^ ^ J^^ ^U ^1 ^j^M^l cs,?^^ t^l^l liA 6^ <M N <((oU3VI« y .^j (YM <N 



. >t-^ f-j^ ^\ j^ ^-^ Jui**wi i tiUi ^Jl 

^Jil^ (^jJl (^IjJl <J-Li % J-A 4iJj:>c-<Jl frIjNl oJlA ^ J-« J.s.sAfl,-:J Li jiJ^\ 
(^Jj»t_Mia-4 f-j-li <^-4-5 Jj^>- 4-4III ^ jJlS ^^1 jy^ t_5^' ^^Jj-^' J^J J^*^' L5^ 

(JJL>-1 frljjl ^„^-U (jiJi f-ij^lj i<^j^,jt« j-ft U^ iila^j^ hhj^^ '^•^ u^ . jU^ 
iJlJul cJlS" jJuJi oJl^ . JJLfl^j S^,-^lj <3jSCSl Nl S^^^JI 7-jU- j^Lol j^ ^-b*j 

(1)1 jJlo |JlSO& . Ljj^j ii^j-^^ cT^*^^ C5^ <Jj^^— *^l 4-^L*Jl >olj-aj j JuJ I *-A I 

^Njj>. ^^ cu^U ^1 oli!>L^*^l iJlJI ^\ <^i^ c^-^; illJjT ^, ^ ilJLkJl 

IgJl J^j\ f^\ jJuJl i>J*y /Vr-'>' ^hj ^^ <^'j i ^^>'^r*'^vi> ai-gi' ^liaJl <jJIjIap 

J i a5Co ^i -J^^^^^j • ciJLlJb 4.aJuclJ 1 Aw3 LiJ 1 Ji* J4>^ ^ jJ j_5;:^ ^ c-A>fcv2.<J 1 

jl j^j ;A-*jJjJl C^L-JLiJl L^ Jb>-jjj t_^^ ^:^ -^J ^_^^ ijJuJl l^^ i l^:..<>Jbl 
Aj^j C-o*^ Ujjj . ^j-<*^l (^ dJUJlS'j ; Ltsb illjJi Jwjj^:UJ t^lf jjj*^l JUj i>c*J 

jl ei^^l ^APj pi-wjJl ^-^ ^ iijUiLjJ ^-.sJ 1 ^1 IjtjU- ^^Lol Aj«-^ ^3 jl^ 

FlOgel, Die grommotjschen Schu/en der Arober, 1862, p. fjOA bc. ...j a a IIm tjj'-^ <-a Yo • ^j-^'j-^ 

'(87ff. 

.JixuT Y 4^ J r <5L3JI \ o'\ .\ BeroMn. Petermann L^k^ .«j^iAJl oUl^l ^^^ ,,-i^l wLiS,, ^"^^^^ 

.1 VV ,^j^ ,0 • jjt (Memoires de KAcademie des Inscriptions 



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Eduard Meyer, Ursprung und Gesch'ichte der jJU. dJj Jj_a. tj^ ^-^ j-1^ '^U^j pj-cJI j-^. j ^ ^ 

.Mormonen, 1 912, p. 279 



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^s^l A-jjxjjbJl ki^Ucj/^i ^j-^' tloJbJl o1jl>3 ^ LjU^Jj .aLJI c-j^Nl 7tjjl5 
4j^i «^rr-^^ ^^'-^ i^j ^ ' {Ignaz Goldziher) ^^^-^jlI^ ^Lpi L^ /»15 ^_yj! 
jLJlS'j^ Jj^j * {Eduard Sachau) jli^-^ -^jb-^^ ^-; f^ i>^' oL^IjwL)! 
U t dJJi j^j . (Leone Caetani) ^_^1;15' ^^^j * {Carl Brockelmann) 

I. Goldziher, Mohammedonisc/ie SfudJen, Vol. 2, 1890. - Neue Materialien zur LHteratur ^' *^^ 
des UebeHieferungswesens bei den Muhammedanern, ZDMG^ 50 (1896) p. 465 - 506. 

Studien zur altesten -W\ -XL ^j^A .r j x ^ ^ jV «t : * ^ La < aj £ <i ^ i Sachau ^^'^^ 

Geschichfsuberlieferung der Araber, Mitteilungen des Seminars fur Orient. Sprochen zu Berlin, 

Jahrg. 7, Abt. 2, 1904 

.C. Brockelmonn, VV/e hat Ibn at-Athlr den Tabah benutzt? Dissertation, Strapburg 1 890 ^^^'^ 

• L. Caetani, AnnaU delV Islam, Vol. 1 , p. 28 - 58 ^^ ^ '^ 

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.1, Goldziher, Mohammedanische Studien, Vol. 2, p. 140 - 152 fS>»-flJ 



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I. Goldziher, Mohammedanische Studien, Vol. 2, p. 147f.; L. Caetani, Annali dell' Islam, 1, ^^^^^ 

.p. 43 

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. lL*i L^ cJytS N ^ISCij t^Ja-^jJl <yj^J\J^\ aL>-j>J1 ^ i^-^-J (^1 ^:^^J^' 

J-^! j^l ^L^^l ?}^j^ i3jl>«-*j (Josef Horovitz) ^^jjyb ^--^yt (»U 

j^Jdl <«^ JJ-*J^ ^-^' l5-^>^^ C-JJiNl j_^ 3 j,g..tJ 1 ^JuJi-^ t_OLJb *J t^^-?" J^ . JL*J 

t(^jj5^l <.^g^ J-aj . 5j^fs-fU Jj^fl jj-5Jl ^jL^J ^ L5^J-*-'^ »Oj-L:>*J1 c- J^I ^ 4JUjJ 
Alter und Ursprung des Isnad, Der islam. Vol. 8, 1918, p. 39 - 47. ^^"^^ 



jJl (j^Sfl ^Ui^l .ILL- jJL^ ^ Jlj-Jl ^ l^JL^ ^^SUj N ^yJI :ib-Nl 
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Ed. Sachau, Das Berliner Fragment des Musa b. 'Uqba, ein Se/frag zur Kenninis der dttesten 
arabischen Geschichtsliteratur (Sitzungsberichte der Konigl. Preup. Akad. d. Wissensch. 1904, 
XI), 

(Horovitz (Mitteilungen des Seminars fur Orient. Sprachen zu Berlin ._j_u*^ .N N A <s^LaJI ij«_J» 
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tj-a f N (Der islamische Orient «uLi^ (^J Die angebliche sTra des Ibn Ishaq o'>^ .-. ^ "> Hortmann 

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. Lx9 "i^'u^ ljbjL:;pL {S^\ i— jbl ^ ?-jUj jl (jSv-*j t*u>e-gju ^Ju ^U-^l *wj*-s<3lj 

.XXIII - XX ^j^ <,slin iiiji <JLjJa ^ ^ 

(folj-o Ij «<J 3^ L)-*" •(*J-* ^^) «(_>ijLj)i iB(j^Lfl)) fa^_Jj-a)i (B^t^Ajii)) *((JLa.j» ((((Ja.jb (JlLoJI J_t t n> j-lc 

.LIXIX . LVIII ^ .<a*^ (> .^Un...^ UjjjI ^^1 ^\yl\ ^..,^ (S^ VT) ,<, uUt V >» 

.1. Gotdziher, ZDMG, Vol. 50 (1 896) p. 474 <'''^ 

(6j.at.lj *Liijj j_^ I j ifi jjjjJI j^ -t^ Lojj t (J A* ill i ^ I A> 1 1 j^ 4 1 »r->i['if> oLSUt j^^l „>^'^ '^ / N Y i uii) (Sj-^^^ 



^^5.^-^_ U ^1 t^S::^! ^!>U)/I j^Cj ^1 jb-I LJl Ji; <j^ J!>U ^ ^„jl:Jl 
t^-.-..u jJLj Ui" _ Ills' 0jjj>^\juJl ^JUUtJ L»j-j t LaLSJl 4-.^o <.aijJL<JI jl^-p 

^v^l JUj>^ ^*t.yr^^ 6,;:^*-'" cyllS" jJt (jU«^l ^1 ^ j..^aX>*_Jl ^^ t_^r^' f^ ci-^' 

^^^ ^y ijol] ixJ? (v-s^j .^jU-Jl "^1 ^Uj Nj t^lJJu ^ (T •V o) ^^JLil^l 
Uj^ t ^ "^ jia*Jl tVl* a^^^IsaJI j_^ ^^JL^*yi ^^^1 (Alfred von Kremer) 

"J 4-^^^l eJU jl ^ • J-**^^ '-H^ ojLl^^ <^LJ1 ^-<^j>-^ (Wellhausen) 



jj£. 'I ' -V • Lfl&^j L. Caetani, Annali del!' Islam, 1 , 376f. j»-?^t^l JLa£,t <3-a ^ .^1^1 IIa ^.^^ ^^^ ^ 
A. J. Wensinck, Mohammed en de Joden te Medina, 1908, p. il.j,t-k II cJ^j ^ ■% ^ (>« ol-*jl>JI 3e->^ 

81 ff. 

Ahlwardt 0:Jj;>j iajU.-^ » .(Y -l^-j AY <5U^I) Vi * Ludgun. JajU-^/> ^(jliVl t^jj^it-w >* *_.liiJI ul>i£- ^^ ^ 
.C. Brockelmann, Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur, II, p. 71 (;;;jli AoVA AoVV 

.NAoA L^^li .8ibliotheca Indica ^'""'^ 

.<Li.j <La. <i.>^ (<;jVl) Y ^ A ^ ,/i^ (t^jjl^l JU) S ^ <V (^ .L^l ^Jj Jl iiLuii ^'"'"^ 

-■ja~ ■ ■* .\AAY (j:J^ tb^^yt 4joLJI <j^j^ (ji 4^^1jiJ M^^jljLjt LjliS)) !j-4 .Muhammed in Medina ^ ' 



As'A^l Jb-i ^1 jl aJI ^-.^j .^^^K^JI (*jl^l jj^l «^UjIp 0^1 jAj t^je- ^^"^ 
jJL^^j .aJL^l ^'"^b (>— ^'"^^ oNUJl <.^\ ^ \Jut ^JJu tJU^I ^1 jjP 

t LgjL?- ^_j3 ^LajI^ jl V^y^ bJL>t-fl <3Lvi<Jl S^LJl jl «-o . o^UJJ J^l^^ z**-*^^ 
yb U-- S!U5j l^UkJl ^1 iL^Nl j^,j , llU^ LLQ^j iLcJ. U^ JL^^" \^\ Nl 

Jl^ N I j_^ tl^^---^ (^ ^^^ tcUJaJl AjIiS" «-o i]3_^]a>t» cJlij ^^^^ '^j^r^ '■^^J 

U jjbj t«^_^l jl-r>-'*' ^1 ('^'^ e;-^) ^o-^j-^DJ ^y J-^-^-^j •''>\-^^: — - '"^^-^ 

.L. Caetani, Anna/i de//' k/am, 1 , p. 34f. <^''^> 



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iSy^JJu c^w«>^ J^UJ uJLJl JyiJi M ^!:.;>o i (WOstenfeld) JJiii^jiJ ^^.^ai;^^! 
J I ^LLa ^i djcis ^^yS J.^.jCL«^i L?jjJ^ r^^"^ c-.-v«P- dUij t4>tjL/3 ^ oT j\ T ^ V 

l,\J (*LU ^i ^1, C«^ _ ijs^\ JUo ^_^jVl ^^IJ^Vlj *^^^^\ J.^^>^ <\yLhj 
A utjfc jV I -LLC- *._>t>6j i Jj Jj '*-^-"-:r*" ^ l5 j »-*-<»-S ^ (r«-*-' ^-*^ ^ JL<tA> /-j \ oSXi Lo c-ax^ 

t(Tl _ ^ t ^ i- ^ r) ^-ii^^ ^1:^5^1 ^_^ o-^j^jJ^ (*-i^^ ^j^' o^^-^ J^^ 
y^j .(Ul_ '\o ^) 5^1 oL.">U.j c(ri_ TV tA_ Y ^) Ju..>^ ^....^Joj 

^j^ (_r^*^ ^^ tj^ '^ ^ ^ PT^ J ''"^ '^ ^ J^^ C.5^ ^--vi-ix-JUl JL^..;?^^ CjLjL-j TcJLjtJ 

a:\3jj ^Vl Ju.>c^ ^^j ^t>;^^>-^ '^l (jT"il ^ tj^£<\ ^) j^Llft ^1 L^ 
A ULa ^ I jj^ iuLp j_ft L*^ cj 1^ ^^.«.<»->tj jlS" 1 Uj j^ c ^ A ^_^ij«- ^ ^ T t T ?^ ) 
^ Y cY j^) ^1 j^^l ^l>Jlj Ju..>^ J^Luj dJUii'j 4(^•YV_ '^'^H ^ 
e^^**JJ 4-«^L*.Vi <^»^1 ^2r*^ • ((*^-^ 0^' -^-^ 'Sr^ J-* ^ i^ij<w? ; Al _ \ 

>«^ . LgJl :>yu l» j! JjCjJl jja ll>ji3 «uJl^ '-^^i c5-JJ' ^j^^ j^JlJI ^-jUI ^ 

(ji lllLt jiii OSJ <Sj-*JL I^Ojua-a <L^yi c^OJil^Jt jiJj V ^ '\'\ 4". i .^ti JL:^ -lU^ J .nflU IIa ^^i ^ ^ 

Jakob Sperber, Die Schreihen Muhammeds an die Sfamme ..'•.->■ JL u-t » JjLu,j JjLj ^ ^( ^^ ^"^^ 

Arabiens (Sonderabdruck aus den Mitteilungen des Seminars fur Orientalische Sprachen zu 

Berlin, Jahrgang XIX, Abt. II, Inaugral-Dissertation]. Berlin 1916. 95 pp. 

.Ml .J^V^ At- .jMT ^«j.L!Lft ^^.l ^^^^^ 

.Sk/zzen und Vorarfaetten, 4. Heft (1 898) p. 88 ^^ ^ °^ 

Vol 



c^Jo La ^jslj . L>w?ij ^L-a Lij.<^ <S -U-^ ^27i' c5-^' iS-^^ S^Ui! *Ja:wJ\ ^»-<».jfJJ 

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. ^2^^J-«Jl *>IS' JCS' Ji^ij jJb (_5^jJ^ J^^ J^ ^^rtr:^' Jj./gdM 4JjU» l-b*- JLoLji 

JU:>t^ JL,A>- JjLIj j^I Jj.../2<a.ll J^^ L-*-rr^ tf^l^ji-^Jij JaL-jJij iJLfcUJl jL>-l 
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(j-Q < 1 ,_^ < Y (jdo A i\ Jj<_uj 42»jl ' JUaJI JaA-Lu ^_jJt ^ -^ 

(j-a (Y • ^_y^ fVA (j-a A ,_ju ( 1 A ,_ya < \ *\ <_>« ( N *\ f_ye> iY 

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.XXV !_yA t\ (X JAjH (2»j' <J>J5jO 



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(U^ A>ti-^ ^ T \T') jL>-Vl Ijla Ji-^ . <-L«dJ o^^^i^ ^^^2-,^^^ ^^JiJl ^'^\ *^i^b 

. (4>ti-^ ito) LgJui'L lj^\ cJL»wJ»l 4^*)^ i|1y 

iJla ^ i.^ UjlplJ ji ^ (Ar _ ^X) ^^ ^i-ii-Uo ^ (rvn ji tv^ 

tijIjiJl ct^. :.H _ JUj>^ JUia>- ^jA>^ ^J^^ A^jLLi^S ]j oUJl AJU<au>-^l ol^^JajJl 

^1 tVi - 01 ^) ^,^^ll>, ^ ^^ ^^ ybj _ J^^^i tJLoJl tjUi?*^! tf-L-jJl 

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Sn ^ t ^ ^ tl^ ^) 0l^ T oUiiJl ^Ij tS^ JL^lj Ji* t(VO ^) JUwl 

iSjUJl ^ JJl X^j t(Ar t A* ^) JU ili^L (TOY) (.jp^! ^ ^Jj cCv; ^ 
.(Ar^)^O^l^J^>^^j<i^l^^Ij(t ^ cVV^ c\A\) 
(^Vi _ AT ^) ^1 ^.UwJ ;..^.r^.^^l Jj-^1 dJLL- ^ dUJi ^ ^ ^1 



Sj^ Vl J^ Vj (^A _ \ (j^ *Y A ji III jjj( oJx. «j_(Axj jjj 4 .^ ■ _> ^jjaJI JjLjw J ((|_yJ[ t!:i_t,t-!fc II ^^j» 'Jj-o 

U .A\ -\ ^j^ rV .S jjL-^ t>jl jJ^ d^tj^ ^ JjVI ^>^*:iJI s^j^ aJj .J!>U .NAV _ AV ^^ <Y <N y_i Sj^Ij 

. N ( ^ j«->ii ^^^1 ja£. SjdO N V Ijij9 La^>^ (JI^jjjjGjI Jjk*j -0:*^^^ ■Jjf^ ic^'-"' jj.'*"'l 

Wustenfeld ^LiUI jj--al . C. Brockelmonn, Gesc/iichte der arablschen Lifterafur, I, p. 120ff. ^^*'^ 
ta^ \ , ojl JUla .>Ao * (>i^^ (iaJL^^ V^A .A Jfan Coteiba's Handbuch der Geschichte ^l^px. ■-■-w~ 

.4 1 1 III if-A^ (ftjljua 4-1^ ijtn 

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^j .(U^ _ ^A^)^^ ^jj^>Jl L-Ja^l ^ oljL.^^ c(^r _AV ^) 

jiLij ju4 tt^i s^^^^ ^ L> J^j^\ ij^ rf^^'^^ J^ J^-^ ti^' .t-^^^-rJi 

^) ^^-*-p _ jiO ^\ ji^ ^iL-«J J^J^1 J->*i--J JljIjMI frLiLiJl rtjjlJ t>*-^ 

(CLIII 318, (jTj^ Jbn Wadhih qui 6\c\i\ir at - Jo'qufa] H/sforioe Cj^j \ e , -1 -. "> Houtsma ajj_^1 ^^ ° ^^ 

.>AAr ^j^V 629 p.) 

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'!>15' (»->«.^ <JjU» JJLP ^j-<Jl j-vAll) (jl Jwai*^i J^ IJJ . La Jus- Ji ^j-^ /*-*^'j-^ 

Liber expugnations regionum, auctore Imamo Ahmed ibn Jahja ibn Djabir al - ^ ""^ 
.Leiden 1866 (^>i ^j^ 2^i.^ ivi) Belodson.... ediditM. de Goeje 228, 62, 

.a^UJI ^ o'^ djLiLJx Luoj^j IxAs, LliJ, JllA 

Annates quos scripsit Abu Djafar Mohammed ibn Djarir at - Tabri cum aliis edidit M. J. de ^^"^^ 

P. AjA-^l t^iJI .1,^1 ^ LU |»^( (uj^l 't_yj>- (_>-»J «A * 1 <jLjo-> n Lo bi-> ^\ r Goeje, Leiden 1879ff. 
«j«jjUi) J (u-^V 4« .ti ^^) «djJ-Jlj J-u*jJI jLa^I* >* J-ft.*JI li^ j^jl t^JJI ,j-i>»Jt Jj-ijJt .de Jong 



4 (Wustenfeld) JlUjli^^ h<Jh jjj jJai l_w.*.j>- ^>ti-ws> tT* ^dj^ J^UJ ^^^^^i 
JLi:^^ L> ^^1 wUi:;-w«j -iii^^L**! ^ ^ ,as>Ji^ TAT ^_yJlj>tj Jil ^J^a^\ ^jJ>y> jU 

.JL>tJ-J ^i Jwv^l T-ljol o:jIp^ /v-^^*iil ^JL-ojJ1 iSj^^ iV^ 

(jo f '\ (_j*i < N T • A ^_^ A ^JU AX ' \ (jd (^ (_j*i * N Y ^ ^ <jo : wjl - ■ > ■.! (^1 ^^ jJ . -a , ^jJI eli jj -> H ^-^jw 
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Jil A. Sprenger (jl£ j^^lJI ci1jj4.VI ^Ia <f^j^ t^^ <^^ ll>.i^ 'O ^ V <N Anno/( <lLi£. ^ JjU. L Caetani 
V/lener <_U^ j_jj <ijJjJi (X>L5 ^j ^^Lk AX\ *V Leben des Mohammed ^ .Ur ^ <Llj^ j_jj U^jI 

.jV * *\ (j^ AS ^L^\ iZeitschrift fur die Kunde des Morgenlandes 

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. sj**-fl 4^^>tjjij o»u^^ r^ y^ <-^' t_5^ j4^ ^ *^*^ '' '^W" ''^^-^^ 

t lJL>- ^v^:.-^ ?t^a.u]l IJLa jl «-oj .<^«^jUJi iiiilj tS^fJail THJ^ l^.;.a.o (^ '^"iT 
C-Jl5 jJ .(^j->-i jiL^a^ /yj f y^. wiji ^fl-L^s^j 4Ji V| C.5 J g .t. 1 1 L^*>Lw** (,— 3JL>tjj 

iJi^j (»L5J( j-« (H. Zotenberg) 9j^y^ A^yiJI 4-*j>-^l j^^^-*ij ^J • t^^y^^ 

^bJl tS^^I jLL^'^l c^^UaJ «^-^JlI1 ^j^)) j^-f-i^l ^y^\ jiLl^ 

Chronjque de Abou D|a/ar Mohammed ben D/erir ben Yezfd Tabari, traduite sur la version ^^^^^ 
persane d'Abou 'AM Mohammed Bel'ami par Herm. Zotenberg, 1. 1 - IV, Paris 1 867 - 1 874. 

C. Brockelmann, GeschJchte 6eT arabischen Ul\eTo\uT, I, p. 143. ^^^^^ 

Ma^oudi, Les prairies d'or, texte et traduction par C. Barbier de Meynard et Pavet de ^^^^ 

.Courteille, tome I - IX, Paris 1861 - 1877 



^^JbJlj (A ^ t U ^) j^^ ^\j {h ,\ ^ ,\io ^ H\^ .^ ^ ,\ii 

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Ibn-el-Athiri chronicon quod perfectissimum inscribitur... edidit Carolus Johannes ^ ^^^ 

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•AV _ Ao (_^ ' ' r 

.Ui^j^aC. ijiaJI ^J .1^1 n jj*^ uMJ^tl JJ£- (_(JJ«-aJI lift XlaAjj 

.1. Go\6ziher, Muhammedanische Studien, l\, p. 5 ^^'^"^ 



4-woLw>Jl iZjlfi-j^yJi] dJLij ^y> f-^ ^^Js' j_^Ao ^j c^l^Jl ^_yJtwJaJl 4Jl>o> ^ La 
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(Ignaz j^ ^ .■."jJj-p ^__j^IjJ^I c^l L^-S" t j_SLI . LJ^jU 1jJu<a-o ojLjlpL; 

oLj^ j_^ ^^-^^ j^' (^ '•t^^^r^' *^JbJU j_^L^l Judij a] ^v^jJ (^JUI Goldziher) 

Liul Ju c.^....^j ur^j'*^' Jj^ 4-^.^lj L-aUJl v^i^'"^' c-»UI^^ j»!>U-^i 
jjj .t^^L>-l LajLjlpL o:>L,ia_Jl lIjIjLjJIj c-jIjLjJI AS jU<a:;>-ljj t4^«-»L--Jl 

I* 

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oLlj>l ^^L.>1 -LiJl j^ . l^Lo llli^ ^ly^l aJ ^\j Ju tj>j^l JLp 1:Jl5 

R. A. Dozy, Essa/ sur Vhistone de rishmisme fraduif du holhndais (Leiden 1 863) par Victor ^^^^' 

.Chouvin, 1879,p. 124 

.1. Goldziher, Muhammedan/sche StudJen, Vol II, 1890 ^^^^^ 



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J>-i:i 4JU5 Sjji JlSwJI IJla J^j L<j^j . ol^iil!! ^ iJUJlj iLoli^l ^^Jji 
j_^j-^l ^JL>J! ^ ^lj.*>^Nl cJilj tij^' ^:r^^ ilr* 0-^^--^=*-^ j^^ (j^ ^j^^ 

^L^^l J-»*-^ jl ^-^^ IJlSCa . l^ c.-'lj JiG -^^^ (3^ <^' L^Vi L5*^' tS^^Jtv^Jl 
.(^^_^l) ^JlJl^J^] (J^I <lU-1j (^JJI «L^ Jf^* J^^^ L5^ cLoJI>tJ1 C^Uj.*j>t>o ^^ 

I. Goldziher, Muhammedanische Sfudien, II, p. 203 j(j^>.»"tj^ J-ajJ -G^JiU ,jjjj ^^UI ^i^l ^*^*^ 
Neue Materialien zur g^jj o,i ... ^ H ^ 'i r i^lj^)-!' jjl-^-<*-* ,jj Sj^a^ jI.^j»« o»LjJ1 i^ljjJJ <iLii^j «- 274 
Litteratur des Ueberlieferungswesens bei den Muhammedanern, ZDMG, 50, 1896, p. 465 - 

.506. 



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.Goldziher, f^xihammedanhch^ Sfudien, 2, p. 238 

Brockelmann, Geschichte der ^jjU t^^^VI Sjijj^I g^ ■■■'ilt Jj^ •p^l>>'i ^ '^ t * ^ (lt^^) Sj-aUJI ^^^ "'' 
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(.jj[jUi}\ vloJj»-j ^^jAll <loJb>Jlj IJblj::-* UUjJ*il Lijl (j^— ^1 JU^I ^^fiiaj 



El - Bockhari. Les fradifions islamiques, traduites de I'arabe avec notes et index par O. Houdas 
(et W. Mar^ais). T. I - ill (Publications de TEcole des langues orient, vivontes. IV. serie, t. Ill - V.) 

Paris 1903 - 08 XXV, 682, 649, 700 p. 

ZDMG, 70, p. A\yn (jjLfl (A. J. Wensinck (>jj^1 ^ *iH^>ljiVL Ci\jl^ j1j» i^J g a W t>j^ J!La ^_^ J-"^ 

.570; 72, p. 347 

oJ—i £<-J— !— l_i— a— Jl Q ... '> li Jj-^ I- Goldziher, A/1uhammedanische Sfud/en, II, p- 245ff. ^ ^ 

.(jjjl^\ olj-n ..J >_. ...> ._.I^VIj ._t"i5[ IL ,^<) .ti" .,.1 .Brockelmonn, Gexhichte der arafa. Lit., 1, p. 160 

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,_^ <N <6^1 jj<u.«H jj-^mJI ^qI ^ Kji>j -I. Goldziher, Muhammedan/sche Sfud/en, 2, p. 270f. ^"'"^^ 

Mishcot-ul-Masabih, or Collection of the most authentic Traditions, regarding the actions and 
sayings of Muhammed; exhibiting the origin of the manners and customs, the civil, religious 
and military policy of the Muslemdns. Translated... by A. N. Matthews. Vol. I. II. Calcutta 1809 

- 1810. IX, VI, 665, VI, 81 7 pages. 



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.i-\/ir :i ^iwJi 5j^^ j^ j\A- y^.\ ^>jji.6:>u.l jiiJi Je^^ ^'"^^^ 

.Aloys Sprenger, Lefaen und Lehre des A/lohammad^ Vol. Ill, p. CXX ^°^*^ 

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I. Goldziher, .^*...^<^Afc ^A AX\\/ S^UJI .«^>^j^l Ju-.jL^Vi ^ Lcj •> .^ ^ II ^5UI)) ^^^^^ 

.Vorlesungen Ober den Islam, 1910, p. 261 

.1. Goldziher, Muhammedanische Studien, 2, p. 11 3f ^^^^^ 

Jj^ <rT'-\ _ VY Y ^^ .^-^^ \ .>>_>! ^jjL5 .Isr. Friedlander, Heterodoxies of the Shtites, 1 , p. 35 ^^^^^ 

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"litfera gesta docet, 
quid credos, allegoria, 
moralis, quid agas, 
quid speres, anagogia". 

.<^Jl»V1 aU^I (anagogisch) Cjji .r.j ^LJkLJI 
Jewish Encyclopaedia, VoL 3, p. 171 ^^°^^ 



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Hartwig Hirschfeld Lajtl j_^l <jjjjjVt i»jiJI .Sjjfclill ^« -t. ^^jt lij-i t-i^! Vj .LaJli-o <l^l ^j jAjj Ui 
^ S^iLl^l jJaJl .ijil^ o.nji ^j^j.^MI <^L«-o .1^^ ^ (E. J. W. Gibb Memorial Vol. 1 3, 1 91 0) 

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J^j^ .Brockelmann, Gesch. d. arab. Lit., 1, p. 37 - 39 jxjli (^ .t.rVtj >_.j><.l ^^jA^iJI ijVI J^^i. ^^^^^ 

.ZDMG, 31 , p. 71 Off.; 65, p. 241 ff. <U- Oj*^ .j^j 4:^ ^ Jj^o 

The D/Vans of the six ancient Arabic poets by W, Ahlwardt, London 1 870 ^^^^^ 
1»V 



(_^-b Jij . L^-JU- ^Jf^■5 L5^-^^ (3r^J **-*^^ /*-* *^-^ '^--^JJ C^lpjlaa^ 1 SjbL^wo 



A. Sprenger, Leben und Lehre des Mohammad, Vol. 1, p. 76 - 81, 1 10 - 1 19; CI. Huart, ^^^^^ 
<j-oV (;^!kLUIj <jLlJ1 oLijVI J^ j t"i» t *Une nouvelle source du Quran (Journal Asiaticque 1904) 

xLJI <_>uL^1 j_^j ^ J^ukiJI Friedrich Schulthess (Noldekes Festschrift, 1906, Vol. 1, p. 71 - 89) 

^ T'\ (Schulthess l4-ft^_>::j )j<n-j (<.a_ujl Oa^ ^?JJ-^' ij,jJ>^l iljLljUflnll (CJ-L-aJI ,_yjli t>J <^1 ^^ ^ 



J. Frank-Kamenetzky, Untersuchungen uber die dem Uma/'/a b. Afai s Sa/f zugeschriebenen ^^^^' 

Ged/chfe zum Qoran, Dissertation Konigsberg 1911. 

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^_ydi t^JU^l tijj-^ Jiij . (Aloys Sprenger) ^Jo^^ o^,y^ j^ jj_<k-.^2_<JJ ajJUJ 

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aJjuJI ojb*^l j^ AJli cJjJl J J^«^ t^JJl (William Muir) jjy> pUj jUo^I 
^IjiS" ^ Jj'*yi «^3:>JJ JUg-^^l (J t^^y" -^J 'j^j^ lM ^^^^ ^^^^^ - jJUJ^^I 

Journal of the Aslotic of Bengal, Vol. 25, p. 53 - 74, 199 - 220, 303 - 329, 375 - 381; ^^'^^ 

.ZDMG, 10, p. 1 - 17 

.Leben und Lehre des Mohammad, Vol. 3 {1 865, 2. Ed. 1 869), p. I - CLXXX <^''' 

.LVIII, LXI, LXIV, UOOCVI ^ .t,"^] j^iUI jj^.:^\ c^Jl^"^"^ 

.LXXXIIf, LXXXVII. LXXXXIX. CIV ^ ,^)ic] ^jiUI ^j.^oil ^j^U <''' '^ 



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U- oJLS" ^\ ^IjJlII ^L" ^yj?y> (Life of Mahomet) 



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J*>La^ /^ "^-^J-^ jW^^ 4i!>L^l J-jLi-a f^'^Us^ll 0*-^j jLjJlj ^J-^1 ^ J-tJ-^ 

j^\ ^ 4:1 ^.u^^ ^jLji ^jr^ij j-^'vi v^-j^^ v>'4^ij ^j^i ^15:1^ Si I 

4-P-^l eJLai C^^ Aij t IJlj»- Sj-^ 4jIj^ j^J-* ^-6-^*^--* t^^ ^-ilJl jl ^J . aJlL^ 
^.^li^lj .j2^ ^LJl 0^1 ^jL^ ^^1^ \Lyu ^>^LU li^;^^ Ujl UjL:^L 
j»Lp ^ (R. P. A. Dozy) tijj-^ . i . ^ • j ^/^^^^l t^JiJj-gJl rj>Jb ci^r^^^^-^o-^ I 
^ ^LiJi ^^1 ^^sA ^^'^\;^^jL: ^Vj tiJ^' 0-* -^r^-5* <^i.^'Ji UV^ 
t^jl^LfJl C:>-UU ' (Muhammedanische Studien) ((4jJUj>*-* cjL«lji» ^^\zS 
Jlsj . IJjJ^ l4^jJj Ll^U- i^li^ (Ignaz Goldziher) ^.^-.JiJLl ji^ ^j^Li^l ^*LJl 

lj^\^\ SapUil eJL;b ^ li*>Uaul . -dJ ^ Jb-I ^jSUjj J US' l ^^%Si\ ^ Jb'lxjJlj 

(j-a ^;^;i^ ^-'^t^^^J^J ii,l^JL>Ju 4_*^^jJt^l 4.,*^^J!2jIj LjL9jJI-a (J-w<k-*J Jais 4J /;-«IJ /%J 

. 6 Jj J^ Ojy j^ ^IjjJ^ (.5^^^^ tij^' jjialil >t^ LijI Jj ti>-jUaJl iLa^l 

.Life of Mahomet, Vol. 1 (1 858), p. XXVII - CV ^^'^^ 

R. P. A. Dozy, EssQx s\jr Vhi^oire de Ushmisme, traduit du hollandais par V. Chauvin S. ^^^^ 

124. 

a>L:; J>^) Uber die Entwicklung des Hadith ^^UJI J^^IjlI c, -^ ■ YVi _ > ,_,^ .> A^ * <LU ^^'^^ 

^O-h n _ 1 .^jJj.iiiOlJIj CAJ:f,>^^' — ^ .<'t I II II J ^O-h 11 — N ' Jj '-'*« ^jl^C (^ <.u<)^^l ^_;j»-a ^Jf^J f ■''■J *-■ ■■ 

i^lj 4 Ij .1.^ ,1. jj -fc II _ .ijjLa.VI 3^1-1^1 J-*^ JjtiJI Sjj _ 1 .^'iL^VI ^^ *_jl>k.Vt ^Ij^^-a^ «Cj!iiLt ^ = 
Neue Materiolien zur <JU-o Ji_ii3 ..lii,^"> II jjU-a^ _ A .i^joJI (jjjxi - V ...^.j,w II ^_ilL _ ■\ .4_J .n'tj 
Litteratur des UeberJieferungswesens be! den Muhammedanern, ZDMG, 50 (1896), p. 465 - 

.f V*^ j-<JI IJ4J iajA iloSj 4 -Mfl ' t •- alj^tl ^506 

in 



<pU ^_^ lylS' ^1.^;^ t L^:upj^^j <pj-si>j-Jl ^iU-^il i^^^ U Aj^ Jj ^^bJl 

*^jjj ^J*^*^! L_.jt-l3l 4jtilJ U^,Jjuj ^_^^ ^iL^l jil^ jl f-y^ t>^^ *^^ 

^ <A ^\ t^^^^-iiJl ^JL>Ji ^\ ills' oLojjfcl -^j ^^^-;-*jjl]j> jl «-« . 4JLJ 

iLj^l ^^^ Lijj-^ -^il^ ol (.^..^xlJI ^^^ jU ; 4j>t-;j>«-v^ ^^..iCiJl c«li ^j:-^j ^^\ 

Jij . (Theoder Noldeke) ^^jJjJ jj^j^ ^*^^il j^r^ oJjW^* oL-^^sj^^lAJI 

Annali dell' 4jIi5 ^ Jj^^l *^>r^ JUg-^jJl ^ (Leone Caetani) <^l:^ ^j^ ^j 
L^jIjI UUjlaI jiL^^l ^c^j .iJ^jbJl jjiUti/Jl SLpI^j^ ^^■...JjJji^ \S^^ Islam 

^Lp (j-ji^ *— jJLxJl 4jh_o.^ 4j^p- c-oL?- -w* L*-«.* i _ Vf-JJj>t^l oLfliJl ^j-A -LjJL>*j 

^'^ . Jw^iixil ^ 

.YVl _ Y-r .\oY - M- AoAAr\ a^ <:J(2 ^"^ ' ^^ 
.Zur tendenziosen Gestaltung der Urgeschichte des Islam's, ZDMG, 52 (1898), p. 16-33 ^^'^^ 

.Annali deW \s\om. Vol. 1, 1905, p. 28 - 58 ^''"'^ 

J^^^ eri^jj C' J ^ .>1 ajj tW _ Y^V o^tYN Jdx: (Wiener Zeitschrift fur die Kunde des Morgenlandes 

MY 



li^ia^ dJL^Jl J:S\ (Hernri Lammens) ,j^^ ijj^ j^Ul <t.^\J\ dJLu 

. aJ lI'^^C^ 'Si^ J^ tLiill] iUii 4jIj^I jijLa: ^ . Y 

<j>.^^ .,^ i \ oLtlj^l o^b j^ c Lg, J aJ^-«j ^L>JI aj^U-I oL^^I «Ju^ 
^^y?-jJl Jj-p- <--P-L,^2-a ^^WOj ^-*^^ iilJLft j Jj t >^w«jl j.;>*J ^^Jlc- J_<»J (jl ^j^'-^^-i 

jLij^i Ju^ jtJ . jljiJiS Jl^jJ! jJL>tJl ^ Lg-Ui'l i^j-^ ol tjJL-t U-S' cJLjl3-VI 

J>^ jjV YA ^ .> ^>^l .a^LlI L^l (^^U .jV \ i ,jYo r o^ .6:iUl iik^^LJL S^^l (^lli g^li: ^ 

H. Lammens, Qoran ef TradHion, comment fut composee la vie de Mahomef, Extrail des ^^ ^ 

Rec/ierches de Sc/ence religieuse, Nr. 1 (29 pp.)* Paris 1910. 

L'dge de A^ohomef ef /a chrono/og/e de /a sfra^ Journal Asiatique, 1911^ p. 209ff. 

nr 



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^ .^r^ ^LlSI 0^1 t-iv<a:u^ (^j::^^ aJlS" ia**^^l ^..s^i j_yJjVl S^l J^-tJ 

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c(n<\A) (Marracci) ^^j-J:^-^ ^Lk^^Nlj c(nn» t T Jp c n o O Hottinger) 
J5 j^j cJ^I N ^ .(Wn cT 1> c W»0 (Reland) jl;Nj ._* ^s^j^\j 



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Archive fur Religionswissenschaft, Vol. 1 5 4U n\ ^^^l^I _>j>l1JI ^^ C. H. Becker ^1^ 
:^j.r.ri Ji^ .^^ ^j .ajl^ t^->^' -^^' JiL=^' t^l t^'il-*^' u-^V viLi ^je 6^ (> *(1 912) p. 540f. 
Die Tradition uber das Leben Muhammeds, Der Islam, «dLL« ^J iLa.UI Ioa oUJUo ^I 4^J^ 3j^ 

.5, 1914, p. 160- 170 

.jjVv; ^ .iN^l La.! ,:^L5 ^""^^^ 

4j ^L <jjJLLi ll4 ftlLalij US 'lT^ LF?->^' jJjSlll (j^^ (ji 

Hans Haas, Dos Bild Muhammads im Wandel der Zeiten {Sonderbericht aus der Zeitschrift fur 

( .^^ J J U. 'tl) Missionskunde und Religionswissenschaft, Jahrgang XXXI), Berlin 1916, 80 pp. 

.(Ernest Renan, Eiudes d'hisfoire re//gieuse, 2. Ed., Paris 1857, p. 222ff. 



^jjJJi jJOOl S\j LJi ^^l ^1 lL*j>^ j^:J^^ (jL _ ^^^./ai^^l ^^i H^jJ Jc^' 

^''''\(J. Gagnier)^U . ^^ cH>^^ dr^ ^^ W:!^^ ^^^^^^— - dJLL._^^S!l 

^^Ljjl; ^ JLLo {A. P. Caussin de Perceval)) JLi-x^ ^5-^ Cr-^J-^ . >-^ . 1 J-*-^ 
^^.^ . j^U- J-»^ lijJu>J {Der Essai sur Thistorie des Arabes) ^-^^^ 

4 4_— .^j >»*>L-^(1 Li Lo S^ J-''^ J^^ Jj^ (^ tftijJL?- ^j 4Jl ^ ^jJaJl 

(Gustav JjLs ^Ll^jJ^ ^UJ'*^! (JjJu:^^<J\ jjt. ^^^-jJl S^^_w^ ^1 ^-J^jLJl _ 
JLp-j juJi IJl& JL?- ^^^V" ^j^ -J^^**^ <^' -JLiJ jJa^> ^ ^,..-.Ji Ij^j ihjjjl} 

Lo v/e Mahomet, traduife et comp/lee de /'A/coron, des traditions auihentlques de h Sonno/^^''^ 
C. l^j ^L3 j_^l Iiii ij^LJVl 4-ci^jiil (^aJ ^^ et des meilteurs auteurs, 2 tomes, Amsterdam 1 782. 

.4^i.^ i-lj ioi ,Jy^ ,F. R. Vetterlein, Cothen 1 802 - 1 804 

Essai sur I'histolre des Arabes avant I'islamisme, pendant f'epoque de Mahomet, et jusqu'a ^^^^' 
(Sj_u^ < • . U) la reduction de tuotes les tribus sous la /of musulmane, 3 Vols. Paris 1 847 - 1 848 

Mohammed der Prophet, sein Leben und Lehre, XXVIII, 460 pp. Stuttgort 1843 ^^^^^ 
i\0 



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LXI Jj ciaii JLiJU Li^j^ ijj^j_«Jl AjlijJI jjiJj-<Jl ^VjJfe /p*^^4 (^J • J'.'g^l 



(Life of «JU->T^ SL^)) j^j^ J-^K-P ^ jjJJl ^^yJU L.lj_^l oJla ^ g la 7 
.ijjj-Jl ^\ Ju».^>^ JUiJl JJ U 5^ VI Jjbo *J 4jl ^j t Mohammad) 

i^LgJl <^^ja3I jU-P*yi JS" C^ y^^rr^ ^>M iSj^b /»L1a ^\ Jj.*^l f.l:Ji::--uLj 
(_ylp t^_$j^l UU^Ij ci9jJa>B-« J5Li ^yU ULw»-l ^j:^\ ^^J co'^Ul 6jj5JuJi 

4JLJ JU>'I Lg^Jt*Jsj LgJLiJ ^_^JLp f-j^Ji]\ ULmji *J ^^I j^U^a^l oJ«gJ J-<^jCuJI aJLiJ 

^ jji'JLJl ij};)^y\ ^\:S^\ ^_^^ j^ ^ . j^UaJI ^ Lfi J-l« V f-'^Ufll 4j«^j 
Jl^»jJ1 iJufc ^0^1 /;-«-5Cj .(_j-^I ^^r^-^ JL<k^*^ o-LjJl=*- SyiiJ J^-* t<-JLJ i/1 

.Brockelmann, Gesch. d. arab. Lift., 2, p. 162 :XLVI (j^ ^^--^ 6^' ^aialLu.ji ^""^^ 

.TAN (_ya <Y <d!il£.t jj^Ul j,nr.nll 'oLJSj_>j ^>li:l ^ ^ 

.r • V ^ < Y .ftiLil jjSa^l J J, ^^11 >il t'''' *> 

Dos Leben unc/ die Le/ire des A^ohommed nocb hhher gro^tentheils unbenutzten Quellen ^"^^^^ 

bearbeitet. 



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*_>- JLjj ^ rr^ fk'^ JjW^ 41>J -ic^^ S-«-J lY-^J jJ_s<2-0 Ol r^l JLjJcL*.-' jjk J^^ 
j^LXji j-|l) 4JoJLJI Xg-P ^^-^-aI (^j^J\ S^JlJ ^^rr-^ ^J^l . jlj^l ^_^' '^\j^ 

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^,_;«^ Lljb J-^ .la 5 J 1 o^jJLii . JLj(j <J^Li ^L»3 1115 cIULo Jls ^2j_^ *J ^_ajj^1 
j^ U-* ^1 jUlJs*^! ^} j^Ua^L ^JLiJl 4ikU-] <miJbj . A;s>c^;wJl oL-ijjJI 

JLLe- hjJd}\ Ali^ jli ; l^^lj .Ju.j>^ -^r--J^ c^-^^ cr'^'^' l^J^^ ^h^l cs^ 
^ c^^^^ ^ ^ "yi (^Ao \) aju.^^ 3L^)) 4Ju^ ^ Jc^ Wj^^ (-^^ ^\S ^1 

u) (^"^fl,o a^^J CLXXX) ijmi ^:^i .{i.^i^ o t a) ^tui ^>ji .{i^^i^ oaYj xxiv) j^vi ^>?ji 



^''^'"\i.JaJl Jl diJi diji Jjbl ^Uj> ^ iJl^NL jl o^j ^^1 NUj^I Ji:. 
^Jb*- t ^AoA aLp ^ Ljjjjl J>1 ^Ij Jdd L.JL1PJ . JJLli ^J[ ^j-iUi ^^a>*j jij 
^jH.J^J) JL^S/ij v^' oUpjJa;;^! ^ '^Uji^Ij UUi; ^^/l ^-^1 o.^ 

caJLJ^/L jjuj.^ csT^I '^jrr^ clr* Jj*^' ^-J^' j-^U^ ^— *r^ t4-w*ij aUJI ^^ 
JLU«u .ajJi^I _ -Lj^J^)/! 6jb)/l ^j-« lXi t (William Muir) ^j^ pLJj t<ji]j» 

f-Ll^l ^>^r^ ^ JLI-C-l <J*y tJLj*_) L>«^J-a JLjtj *J t^l ^j^ ij~*3 Iju».j>«-« (JuiL-- 



!jn • ^ r6^L^1 J h ;1 William Muir, Ihe Life of Mahomet, London 1 858 - 1 861 , 4 Vols. ^"^^^^ 

The L(fe of A/lahomef from original sources, 2. Ed. London 1 876, 3. Ed. 1 894; William Muir, The 

Life of Mahomei from original sources. A new and revised edition by T. H. Weir, Edinburgh 

.i_iJjAU jjiji^l iJa*.1I ^ J^lj aJUwo (_jj [jLja-y ft 1 i/->-^U JLatV) aAa J^ mu 1912, CXIX, 556 pp. 

.XIV A SLkA. ijxli^^x^j iLII (_)-a (\ j^jM <lij^ 



^1 iiii«w<Jlj 4-v!3L>Jl aJIj^I 4j^po ^^_^ -^jJjJ Ja™Jl ^j-Ul t^.wj;5l!l 

^_^^«-JaJl j^ -^rr^^ J^^rr^ J-*^ ^J^iil J^ jS\ (^JLiljiJ Sj^j^l aJLJ^/I aX^^^ 
Pj-vs j^ji dUij 4 LoLp ^j-v*-^*^ j^ j--^^ "-^^ <J>" J J la ^ 1 1 f-ljNl ^j-^a-*-; (*-5^-a:^» (jl 

iJ ir^' '^^r^* J! *-Vr '^j^ ^"^^ (R- Dozy) ^^jjji .j ^_ _ . jj^ Jj 2^b>cj 

L/ail Ui]a-« ^,^<i.ll«j -J *USU .(ni ^ 46!>U-1 ji^\) ^\j^ 4_»JLijJi ^^L«(-<Ji 
*ui L*_; t JjjJi? C-Jj Jll^ Lpj.la a iilJJl 6^1 jlS" (^JJl |»L1j^ t>i^ tjiUfl-«Jl 

Jjlij j>u^^ ^Jl^ o^ u^, cr^ (Ludolf Krehl) Jj^ ^^j^ /v ^J - • ^^^^1 

^j>J j^jJLp (Leopold von Ranke) ^\j oy -^y.j^ t>^*^^ ^J • '^-^ ci^^^-^ 

Das Leben Mu/iammed's nac/i den Que//en popular dargestelh, VIII, 191 pp., Hannover ^^^^^ 

.(>AnV JjVl a^*!^ c> i-aiJl) 1863 

Essai sur /'historie de /'is/amisme traduii du hoUandais (Leiden 1863) par Victor Chauvin, ^^^'^^ 

1879,p. 1 - 132. 

^L^\ (^^ t5iJl ^mi ^:^l js.^ ^ .Das Leben des Muhammed, VIII, 384 pp., Leipzig 1 884 ^"^^^^ 
.Weltgeschichte, 5. Teil, 1. Abieilung, Leipzig 1884, p. 49-103 ^^^"^ 



j^^^Xp y>-j^\ A^jfi- ^ Ij-^^ ^^>J {vJ *UvJlJ ^^^;:^l Lj>- jj-0 *^XJ . 4.../?a ^jj-s^ Uj-<»^ 
^_^UJl ^Jl!1 j-g-laj CU-?- tjA^ ^ ^r4^J • "^^ o.sli.'Lw^^if I j^ JUJl ?^ijlJ ^^jJi 

4ji ^^\ (. L^j_<*-P ^ J g J. 1 1 JL<>-?x-a ^JualjtAJ L>-ij-*J CjLjLpIj 4j^j-^1 ^^^ lS^ ^-^^CT^ 

j^ a'>L-'V1» ojjj<-JI (August Muller) ^j^ c-^ji J^^»-c- j-o Ju^^t.^ cL^ Jjl^ 
^_jJLp *^L^AJ (Der Islam rm Morgen- und Abendland) «c-JjJJIj j^^-tJl 

^j>t;-JJ 4^Ij "^Ajj^ h^*^k>- Oj^ L» ^^1 (^j cj^Ls^a-^ 4i-->.jCuJl OjL-1jJJ1 

«. jT^l ^^ylp- ^^1 ^s^: tfj (Hubert Grimme) <^^ ^-^^j-^ ^jIi^ aJLp /»^ 

j**>L-^|)) 51 ls^w^'^1 <-^jiJl ^ ^^..sajs^'yL IJla J.Ja.uj .JL>Jl JJ^i ^y jJuJl 

^ JUj>«-* Sj-^-i 61 <i-i:>- .((^1^1 j^ Cj^IJ tii^*^ Jl^l i^J>-lj-<J ^l^^l 

5jj-oo t iijL-/? ^^ ) alS'jJl jij ^ (C*i-^ *^^ Cjii 4 lj-*,^L=»-j cijiJlJi \j) C-Jl5 ^^Lo 

t<— J^^^l CjUaJ A-JaiJ Lijl L c kfli (vijiiJl <jLp^ c^J*^^ ^J-'^' (^ J^*-*-^^*-J 

Ailgemeine Geschichte in) ^ AA o jj j Ij j *( 1 _ Y ^ a Jj ua a II) Y•V_il(^^^r^^^^^^ 

.(^1^1 *^>aJI ((_(^liJI j_j-uiLujVI ^^ ■■■all Wilh. Oncken ajo^l ^Einzeldarstellungen 

Mohommed, /. Te//. Dos ieben, XII, 164 pp. Munster 1892 (Darstellungen aus dem ^^^^' 
((^j^jil^ ^^x^ fGebiete der nichtchristlichen Religionsgeschichte, Nr. 7. 

^_jl"><ll Chr. Snouck Hurgronje jJLi .jVV <V> .Y^ <Y> _ M (jk* [Ij^cls. JjU <N i (_r«> ^Grimme ^ ^^^ 
.NVA_ M^ .V* _ iA (_^^,(^A'\1) V* ^ .Revue de I'histoire des religions <L^ ^ cUjj <Ijjj^ IjS: 



Lftjaiajj <U1jJu1 Ju»..>t^ jL>jl ^-j-i^ Ar^*^ Oj-iu>o 4 5 j**vJj aJL*>!j 0*5n^ O^ (^-fiJJ-<>jl 
dl«.^j . ^^1^1 cI^j-ft*>U /»liaJ ^^^JLp ji^l ^j-lll J^j-« ij^j^ -^ llU^aj^ 

'uJb iS\J\ .(VV t^ll (. oA cOl tlA ^) LpUi>-1 b^Jufi^ *j^^^ JU>i:^ J^ 
^_^_Ui .j»!>L*<!>l! ^_^jjj>Jl ^_^^l J-^bU JuJ^I l^LL:S^\ jl^j S^l oJl& ^^1^) 

^) KiljL^I)! ji^l ^_^ Lg_*^ 4-l^»-c>.T Cj^jj (^jJI (i^ j^) ^^^^^jJJ>Jl i— Jj^l 

4j^j_gJl cjI^LJI jli dJUjs Ijlp U-J . (0 • ^) ^jjJl e^>?r ^^j^ JuL«-« ^ 
dJV ^prJ ^JLp' ^^^Jaj U jjiij 4(0^ ^) (»"!>Lo)/l ,_^ 1115 A^yi cJlS' A^^>6--«wJlj 

/»JLi_i ^ .(00 ^) JLsJS-jjJI J-o 4-f-jJ <ui CJ^L- (_$JlJ| i^j^l Ojj^^^l ^-JjJ^ 

Mohammed, 2. Teil. Einleltung in den Koran. System der koranischen Theologie. XII, 186 ^^^^' 

.(o^^l ^ icjU 4./^<r^-;o W _ > ^->fl.^) .pp., Munsier 1895 

.((jiJjSK ^-4^ LAjt folj.rt^ M, jj-L-a ^ ^LxJt j|<jjl^) > 'V ' i c^je* ^^^°-'" '^^ fMohammed ^ "' 



^ Oj^^^ -V*:^' ^r^^' (J! J^^^l -^^ U^ **^:J^ ;_5J* i?*>^Vl aJU- j_y Jai3 

j_^ 615 J'V .i_^ji>JLj VI ^juaJI IJla ^ <50» ^^li; *J jj dills' ^j^^JuJ\ ^ 
Oj.M.ws:i>a dJlS" ^1 iSj^'^\ 4-j:>t--«*^ 1 J ^^^^1 ^1^1 ^ jrr^^ ^,y^^ '^jij^^ 

CjI^^IajI cJLS" .^^r>«_Jl tj^ji' jV' ^^^j-! W~! *-^J-^jJ^ u^-*r* lJ*^^ <-1.*j>J1j ^JJ-*** 

«<^ji^l <^ytJl jCVl» Sj^ ?JUaJ 9'y-^\ i-J-* J-*^^ '^-^^j^ aJjU*^ . jj^.M^ii 
(Frants J^j ^j-^lji ^;^->c-«j _ . tJ'^Us)/! ^^^ ^iij^ j^ jr^J ^^i_^, '^Jj^ j^ 
Ljlj i^j^^j 4 4-u^^i j^U^a-Jl (t-ALjj i-jjjjVl jiU^-JL 4^li ajLj*-; BuHI) 

Ll ^^^1 V^'jJJ ^j^^^>^ JjVl dJi^l . JJL>^lj ^^1 ^ Li^'j ^JjJ 

(JIJLS" Jl5j . 4-.l.;.>tJl ^\ ly>f^\j jJLj 5jJ^ lJj-=»" J^->■*^l ^Jj UAlJ jij^l J->tJLj 

AjJb- j^ . J .,r^ : ><L^ I J ^^j-s^j^l ^jLiSUI IJla >U-^ (*>t-^^ L5*^ 4^Lo <j»-b>Ji 
:>lj_- 1^1 ^_ Vj ...^.^_ U5 JiL-^l ^\ ^\y^ V ^^^^ ^^^^^Margoliouth) 

^v^ . La 4--^^ ^^ AjJliJl 4-w-IjJL11 jV ^ jVl ^^^y::^ JJcL«J >J j^Ls^a^ j^ aJbJLs^ 

Muhammeds Liv, K^benhavn 1 903 ^^^ ^ 
.Mohammad and ihe Rise of /s/am, London - NewYork 1 905 ^^^^' 



jTj^iJI j_*j>- 



^jJ t(Teano) ^Lj ^^V (Annali dell' Islam) (>*>L;-^1 ^jb «^L:5 /^^ J-*^*-*.: 
OJuiS (>^b 'cyr^^ *v^:^ JU-p1 ^ aIIUJI S^^l ^^ t (Leone Caetani) ^^ 

^2;-^j5'j (J. Gagnier) ^^^li^ ^jalji -«-<^^ ^ ^^ j^ (^ *^y ^-^ttt^ c^t^^i-^ o*^iY 
.SJi\jJl iL-s^^l (Sprenger) y^j^ r-jj ^ (Caussin de Perceval) JU*-^ (j^ 

J^ [^ ^"^ ^] fi'>^l uf^y^ ^ - ^^^bjJ^ -^ j^r^-^J^ ^-^ws'j (^1 ijialjl 

*^JJJ^^ L^' -?^ lT*' ^^' OjXdJi (.-jIic-I jJLp e_jiij 



VNA <viiiA ,iUJif<-wft.^ orv <xxxvi«fl iU.i w z-^i-^ v-\ ,xxxv<i *u^» ^ 3^i.^ ^vr .lxxxiii .y 

. N ^ N i _ N ^ • ji^Uo .ia.i^ -; * • .LV .V ^1=1^1 .<^..i^ 
. N *\ M ^:iLl^ Studj d; storio orientate) ^llS ^LS (> iJliJl p>JI ^> T Y o _ ^ oUi^^l p'^^'*" ^^""^^ 

"La biografia di Maometto profeta ed nomo di stato. - II principio del califFato. - La conquista 

d'Arabia" 



iir 



^ — uL>^' t^.j^ 

^jJl *jM^1 J^^ h^^^. ^^j^^ '^^ Jj^ ^,JL>Ji ^jU^^li oIju 
^^^ ;ip^ — J J^^' «-^ ^^ Ooi^l .(Abraham Geiger) jJuLp (t-;^1^l 

Aj.iU>-LgJl ^-^L«Jl «-<>^ ^ j-'u^ (V-I . (Hartwig Hirschfeld) JLiiJ.y& ^jU 

tilil JjVl i-L^l Nl jSlI ^_^ (A. Schapiro) j^.Lt . I L^ iaJLk. ^1 jT^ 

o.5L»cJi 5jtJaJl . 4jLi(JJ ij>tLo jJu\J^ A-^ j-v^A-a JjAj*^ j^^Jj A^UJl j-Vj • -^^ 

^_^ .^^ N (_yLll oT^riJJ A^w>t-:-«^i ^^IjJI *^ <iJJi r^ \j^] ^Vl jJLo 
JjLS" ^j^y^ AiJ^ ^J '^ JjUl-^vj jl (_5^<-:^ Ol^ . iJUj>wa <Jj-i:>- ^h^ ^i' ^*^^ 

(Christologie des oTj-iJl LJb>t-v--wa J^j?- (Karl Friedrich Gerock) ^jjJ- Ju^ 
^ ^JLiJl oLUa;uj ^^ -Uj ^J ;j>^* 1^ ol il ^"^^^^ ur^ (.U j^ Qurans) 

(Christian Snouck 4^'j^jj_a> diy— ^ oLjl.^^ ^^juJj_^1 JU^I jlw 

IjJ .SjLail JI^J Jjj.rt"i ^Jij Jj^,." uij ^LlA JtJUj ^ (ji t'lj (_ylJI JUjC.yj Ji^^pI-aJl (jj^a_»i»-JI (_jJ1 ^'ilL '^ ^ 

.Was haf Mohammed aus dem Judenfume aufgenommenl XII, 215 pp., Bonn 1 833 ^^* ' 

jjij-JI -l"'<ll istjLuj^j *^ _'»'■" ^i^-^-j* jxi^l . S AVA j^J^ (iaJ-i^ V ^ JOdische Eimente im Koran ^^^^^ 
-ia^i-ua N ' • <i *S AAik j-u41jjV (Beitrdge zur Erklarung des Koran ^jlJlc :---^" ll* 

. \ <\ • V g^i.MijV (D/e haggadischen E/emente im erzdh/enden Tei/e des Korons ^^^^^ 

j»_^jVi (j-l-t *^ AT^ LJj-t J ^j^j_j_*L4 tVersuch e'mer Oarsfe/Zung der Christo/ogie des Koran ^ ^ 
.Ai-Coranus propheftci munehs Christi laudator. Argentorati 1 833 siIjjj^jII 'Ga.jjJal Jja*:; 



JLiJLj tj^y^jbJl jXiJLj tj^U^-JL A.j^^\j^\ l3jj^Vj 4 L^l Ji \ Hurgronje) 

LaI ^^^^Jlp jU-w*j N a^^ 0^, c5j^^ ^^r^)-* (Vj t4-w^Ll ^ (>j^L^\ 4.S^\ *u-JL»tj 
*^1^J ^^jlj Juj^t^ <i4-U liiOfej • (_f«*^ J cT^J^ '-'j^ ^JljiLS" I4J ^y^t <^l:;5^1 
iL- diJi «-4j t4jL! <:£'{!? J aJIjlp ^..-...o ^^wj^^^^^oJ 1 j :>j^\ -i^ olSL* Ow^-- t^iJl 

^_^ L^ JjCL«o ^i ^^^^^1 4JU-p1j W4jJUj>^ oL-/lji» ejJL>Ji y^^^J<}jS> 

.> o*\ fJ^ VN tj-^ .^ ,.>^l 6!iU! 1 .';■. j ^^^U ^Het mekkaansche Feest, Leiden 1880, p. 28 - 48 ^'^^"'^ 

Nieuwe Bijdragen fot de Kennis van den Islam in Bijdragen tot de Tool- , Land- en ^^^^^ 
Volkenkunde van Nederlandsch - Indie^ 4 volgr., deel VI {Haag 1 882) S 357 - 421 . 

Une nouvelle biographie de Mohammed, Revue de I'histoire des religions. Vol. 30 (1894) ^^^^^ 

(Vrr <^UJ1 c^y^p.] ja) .p. 48 - 70, 1 48 - 1 78 

Muhammedanische Studien, zweiter Teil, Halle 1890 ^^^^^ 



*_^^ ^JlSI (Julius Wellhausen) jJjL^ ^j-J^ 'V^j-^ -^-^ -^ i^j^ ci*^' 

(Reste iiA^j^\ ^j^\ IjUj« aJU^ j^ aj^'Sl\ Jj-^aiJI ^ (*^j .?^jliJl JU^i 
frj-^ 4^jl!1j i^lijJi Ipjj-lii L<,Z^>^ UllL^ ^ arabrschen Heidentums) 

oIj jvJ a5C>) j_y Ju.>^ ^^_jJlc- 4-<»-^L>Ji cjI^LJI ji ^^LjIj '^-^ (.sf^J c^*>L^'^l 

4— /IjJLli ^ .^.--^L^l c^L*»lj:> oMi (Skizzen und Vorarbeiten) Ko-U^^ 

J (^-^i -»-SC^I 4^j^"J Jw«j>w« l^j oLxi^l ^_yiJi i-s-^LojJbjJlj aJjJUJI JjL^jJI 

JUj>c-a c_-JfcJLa ^yj pli ti-^^ (Otto Pautz) ^_^jIj y^\ j^i .C^L-Ijjjl j^ ^1 

ejL^L "oIpI^I 4Ju^ c>-^^„j ,h^j^)^\ J5LUJ1 Jlp i._JLAx]l JLp ^^ t5:>Ljl 
(Herman Theodorus dJL^jl ^^jjjjjj-^ jL*^ ^g ./? j _ .S:>L,<,JlJ Lx_-a^j?- 

^^^ i ->- IVY .^j ■^"4. ^ <jiLJ^ 1^ ■■■; ^ (^iSI^ (^jULJl ^Ui jji Ijj (Muhammed in Medina ^^' -* 
M\ _ Y-A ^ (>A^V) 5^1UI i*^l .Y>Y _ ^V^ ^ (\AAV) ^jVl ix^l ^''"'^ 

Muhammeds Lehre von 6qt Offenbarng queilenmd^ig unfersuchf VU, 304 pp. Leipzig ^^°^^ 

7898. 



i^^ 



*^Ij^VIj L^jjj t^L^j>Jl ^j-fi-* L^ ^ ^1 i^jjjuJl Jl^-I^^-UI * Obink) 
-Ujj ^*^ JjU ^^>»j Ju^ - ^1.^ ^;^ Jjl y^ °° (Hartwig Hirschfeld) jJLLiyh 

(Charles ^Jjj-j jJjL^ *_4_>t_> _ . IjLv-jLo t^_^Ja->s_j ^^-'-;w?- \ ./? m t JiJi-) (^^iJl 
tjU^jJi oJ j^ ei^UJlj jTjil ^ 6-^jljJl V^j-^' oL>JLk.,^l '^ Thorrey) 
JUjti^Nl i-Lfc jlS' LJ /^ . L^ ^i <J^jIj c^ [>- lux..** 1 ^^>U^JLw-l jj[ i>*^^j 

L^ ^\i ^___^1 jijii ^ <J:j\j^\j JLk-jJIj o^^VI ^>:e^y <*^lj3 ^^^ jlS"- .jj_«Jl 

cJj-Jl j^ . «jliJi eJu JJL« j_^l j^^y j! * (Robert Robert) c^y^jj <^yjj 

(Arent Jan Wensinck) di:wwjJ jL oJjl (>JLij .SjJjJij /JLjJI L^ Oj-^^ 

.(c*:kjii ^ aljj^Sj i».^>^t) .De heilige oorJog vo/gens den Koran. XI, 1 1 8 pp. Leiden 1 901 ^^°^' 

New Researches into the Composition and Exegesis of the Qoran, 3, 155 pp. 40. London ^^""^ 

1 902 {Asiatic Monographs Vol 3). 
Histonsch'kritische Einleitung in den Koran, 1. Ed. 120, XXI, 121 pp. Bielefeld 1844. 2. ^^"""^ 

Ed, 120, VIII, 135 pp. 1878. 
.Geschichte des Qordns, Gottingen 1860 ^^°^^ 

.jjT'V ^A f.j^'.J^r^ .j\>y .^v^a-^ .jvr .j-w^jY^ *> • ^.> ^>ji j^^u ^^'^^ 

£iljj_l_ij 4_^jj_JaI) T/ie Commercial - Theohgical Tenns in the Koran, 51 pp. Leiden 1 892 ^^""^^ 

.(\ *\ ' A) <! (t (Heinrich Zimmern j August Fischer jlj-i-al Leipziger Semitistische Studien, ^^^'^ 
. \ '^ * A ^yJV <6)jj^ <=^jJo\ Mohammed en de Joden te Medina, XII, 1 74 pp. ^^^^^ 

irv 



c^^O^^I JUj^VL (.U ^""""^^^ll^ Jl5 .1«^ tJai3 5^1 ^ «jL-*l ^. (J <S^\ 
-oL^i jLt ^.^j^l ^'1 oLJUl o*>L^I J^lJj .(^mi J-^l) (^jiAJl 

jJu ojj^ JL«j ^j.^1 oL>xj J-4>.>t^ i^Lwwwu ^uJjCUJI CjLjIj^I oLjcviaJ^j t<*/a^>Lj-^l 

4JU-P ^ (Rudolf Leszynsky) ^^y5Ljj-«J ^^jj y«^^^ - . .♦— 'L^j j-^Jl^ J^ ^\ 
^^\ (Geschichte der Juden in Arabien) i^jjJl S^j^Jl ^_^ ^j^^ Jl ?v!j^ 

ojjLfiflJ Li?j-s*aj>^j >^^r-^ Li!>U- _ <Jjl>wo ^j^,.a;iJl o-j ^_^ dUi ^l (_5^kju: 

*y oljL^Lj -ij-fJJ OjJoo £_^JlSIj ^-^jlHI 6^UJ1 ^ c5-^j-^ (j-**^ c^ o^j^j-<Jl 

^ (Henri Lammens) ^_y^-:^^ ^J^ c?^j— rr'^ iLu-bU jjJU _ . (Ujbo Uj ^ • t 
c-JLtll ^^^Lj ^^v*^ <fl.vg.i J 1 jU-p N! j-fl -^-J^^ ^jj (_5^ ci^^' c^^^^ Jif^l 

tiJL^l oL>»^ *jjiJI JL»,>«-« OUhjj • L^r^^ *U>-u /^ ^JjJUl y,^^^\j ^^^UjjI /y'J 
C*j1JU1 <l>-L>tJ j^y>J>Jl J:3j^l jjfc t U:»-^^^^Sw>j ^j5^-o-« ^^ {J"^'^ ^ JT^ L^'^^ 

.jrVA <^ .Anna// de//' /s/am ^"^""^ 

.Die Juden m krahien zur Zelt MohammedSf 2, 1 1 6 pp. Berlin 1910 ^^^"^^ 

Mahomef fut - ii sincere, Recherches de Science religieuse, Nr. 1 , 2, Paris 1911^^ ^ 



-JL.*_^I ^j-J^^ ^rr-V! *^W^*^' JU.J>^ oljsjj i-^JpLi Jjj?- 4_L)Li i-^lji 

^ ^i>-^ ^-*-^ '• (*-^ Li>jj*-^ Ilj-«>«j ^t-^jLij ^JiSl ^_y?L>t-i^U ^fl.l^Ulj ^g.^ll 

l^^l ojLipL 4jtl^l -j^ ^j^^ f'j^ ^ {'"^'-*:^^ 4-s*oaJ JUl>5-« Lol . *>Lni Ajj^I^ojIS' 

^ U5 4 0^^ ^jJLa Jl>Jl 4-)t.^..Jaj iJua ^_^J . JUi?^lj \liy>^J *^jS'lj CgJ ^j^ 

tJu->- c Liji LgJs5J .jJl>o ojj^JuJl ^j..jwa*y JLi^l L»-»c**j jl ,^^j*-;-^i toL-oJl 
yS\ dH '.h>^ 'p\ ^^^^\^%^y^ v^b v^' J^j^l J^ t^ y^\ 

u.-.i.j>^ jj-S-^ (j^ jW--*^^^ '^j-i-^J 0-^-^ ^-"^j^j^^ (Eduard Meyer) ^Lo 

o^^i^ ill Li- -^j^j 4 (Joseph Smith) d^^*^.^ ^^^ t^j-«^^l ii^JJl ^j-^-v^j-^j 

UJLXP 1JL-xj I JfcJb AlxJ .f'lj.o^l ^>i «-*.tf?l ^pxJ ^A^ jj^')i\ ^JJi-f^^ j^^-o-^^ lJ^^ 

"^/l Pji; "^ JLiI V'^^)'^ ^Jj^* ^^J^" '^J t^^ws-lj C^ jT^l Jlyl .ol^H^j 

"y iJufc ou caSLo ^ ^^^. <^^ U^^ c:fJ^ ^ : or ^^1 4:<jj^^ "^^ Jy 

Fdfima et tes fiites de A4ohomet notes critiques pour I'etude de /a Si'ra, V\[\, 1 70 pp. Rom ^^^°^ 

,1912 

Le berceou de /'/siam, /'Arofaie occidenta/e d la veilie de t'hegire, Vol. 1 Le climat - les ^^^^^ 

Bedouins, XXIII, 368 pp. Rom 1914. 

Ursprung und Geschfchte der Mormonen, mit Exkursen ufaer die Anfdnge des Isiams und ^^^^^ 
.At - "VV ^^ ^^j..^^ll «Lj.j ^J£. .des Christentums, VI, 300 pp., Halle 1012 



u 



\j^\ ^J 



5l dJJJb ^.j:*-; i! ^j»3*:>Ui ^ Jboi Lij-<*-c^ i«JU Oj-s4L| ly)) i>>-Sfl J..»j:j>t^1 

^ O-i^^ ^Jij V jiO . JUj>u^ j__^j ^t^^-i-^ <_si l^J-i e:>y>-yi 4jjU-vJI ?-lj-I^l 

t_$! ^ jjfc dJUJLS' <^j^j JuJJJlj .^IjJ^l oJl> ii>- «u*Jj^ J^ -Li aJI jT^l 

*-JL«o ^^ JU.j»*-« Jj^»- ^b*^^ (Tor Andrae) 'VijJiJl jj!! ^JUj^l /^^ 

J..^ tf.1 1 iwilj.<JL! tAjlJb .,^_^1 jj^Jiio i^.^ii<Jl ^JuJlJI j>-1 jJ;5»- IgJlJiiJt^j aipL*^ 

LgJ j_yJI Jj-,A4]1 (dUb }\y\ ^Jlp- j..^\ o\ Ij-a JLijl ' o>J4-J^ t^jj^ ^j^j^^ j^UaJI 

^\ ujLjJwaJl j^ cJJL5^ ^IJLJI ^ -(^yi-J^-S^ c^-^' JUj>il^ ^j ^^^i CjUaiUdlj 

Tor Andrae, Die Person Muhameds in lehre und glauben seiner gemeinde (= Archives ^^^^^ 

d'etudes orientoles, vol. 1 6). VI, 401 pp. Stockholm 1918. 



OcJaS aJJuJI o^^l ^ JjJ:>J jj AJl OLJJ ^3^ t^5^«-^ ^iS' . ojJLPj <^JJ J^ 

^Iji J">^ /^ Lp^^jJts» ojLipL 5JjuJI IjLjiM j^w*-Jl ^LlJj t ells' ojLjlpL aSL* 

(^JJl tj^^jJl Oi jjwalj jl (jf^*-:^ 'Ly*"-?^' 4_Jl<>jU <(5^Ij^Ij 1Jl:>- 4^^ <Uj>-jJ^^5L**t 

eiyala C->L«lj3 j_^ ^^^ 1 ^. ',a.fijj t^^^^jJl j^^ ^^ e^j^j^ pUJLuJI p-*b/j-gJ Aj^^^^w-uJi] 1 

i^l» ^15 fjJl IJL* ^ ^j\^l JU^Sl ^1 ^^ /y. . 5^. ..".oj SJjJj^ olia^*>Uj 
(Lodovico ^_5-^l^ jSLij^jJ ^Uaj^l ^--*ijJL! (Refutatio Alcorani) «jT^l ^_jJLp 
Jj^ ^ ^^y^\ ^ij^* 4iijj<-« J-^^^ M ^^ ejUtJl jJUL ^^JLll ' Marracci) 
c j^^-jJlJ 5^^---- j^^JLf^ (jy:j>«_j _ 4_a JJ-fl ^^^ . iaii 4-J|Jl]I i-^ljjdl 

oUa^'^U J-Mail« J^^ «JJ-*-^ J^J ^^rr*^ ^-*^^J cjlj^ Lfij^' U^^ c^^^ 

E. M. Wherry, A comprehensive Commenfary on the Quran: comprising Sale's Translation and 
Preliminary Discourse, with additional notes and emendations. Together with a complete 
index... Vol. I - IV. (Trubner's Oriental Series) London 1882 - 86, VIII, 391, 407, 414, 340 pp.; 
new Ed. in 4 Vols. London 1896. 

.Pataviil698^''''^ 



Jl^l jd 



b 



(George J-jLw« ^jy=^ <jj-JL>tjNl jTj-iJi o>^y; oj!jLj>t_j dUis ^^ -^j^jj 
•yi sij^L« qJjJlp cjlii>-*!>Loj Jj-A3 A-oL*j j^ ^JULi 4^JLi*j eijj^l Sole) 

J^LL. .-ti^l j^iUJlj oJCU-Jl A^s^cjjllll Ady«_jl ^J^ Ll| Ji CjUa^!>UJlj Ju^^l 

pLp <JLj*yi Jl (Th. Arnold) J^yj\ . cj a-*j>-^ Aij . ^^-v^a^^ N oAjJi?- oUJ^j 
J Li .9 . t_3 . ^ il:L*^*y 1 ji^ Lgj-j -^ ^Ll^ JU^I f-jJLi Jlp j-i^j t W 1 1 
JUp^/1 ^I ^ J.<^ A^_ ^JJlj c (Halle) 4^ o.Jl. ^ ^^""^^(S. F. G. Wahl) 
t5jL«>- i>l JjL-j jij«^i -^^ /J ^i^^AJl AJUJ^yi JUp'yi J .^JLiJL s^Ji^l 
(L jLJjl 4-.>^y . l!K oLoJ-a^l oJlij tSJ^J CU^uw^i ob-j^i j^ 
^^ai^- N c Ui • (»U Sj^UJlj UUl ^ ^'Vl JLp o^Ju^iJi ^^''^\uilmann) 

. ^j-Ji 4^^yt^*^ ^>« ^^*^' J-^^' J^ j^ *^1 o^j^^ ^-H^ "S^ ti^ (*^ t^-voiUi 

A~^ -^yi c>lj 5jJ.i^l ol n t U 11 (>a JjJjJl j_jj j-ilLii '•■^'^^^^ j-uojJI (_yJ^J ^Jj'j-ll 'J-* 'iJ-o <N Vn (^jjlJ ^ ^ 

Der Koran, oder das Gesetz der Moslemen durch Muhammed, den Sohn Abdollohs. Auf ^ ^ 

den Grund der vormcligen Verdeutschung F. E. Boysen's von neuem ous dem Arobischen 

ubersetzt, durchcus mit eriduternden Anmerkungen, mit einer historischen Elnleitung, auch 

einem vollstandigen Register versehen, XCVI, 783 pp. Halle 1828. 

Der Koran. Aus dem Arobischen wortgetreu neu ubersetzt, und mit eriduternden ^ ^' 
Anmerkungen versehen, Crefeld 1840. 9. (stereot.) Ed., 550 pp. Bielefeld & Leipzig 1897, 

Histohsch-kritische Einleitung in den Koran, 1 . Ed. 120, XXI, 121 pp. Bielefeld 1844. 2. Ed., ^""""'^ 

.lYV ^6!iU1>:rVHI, 135 pp. 1878 

try 



(VVA) 



J-*_p j_A (Friedrich Ruckert) ^jljj^jj ^^jJj^ ^LlJIj e?j-^-:;~<Jl J-«-^ 

t>* (Jj*^l ^J^^ c5* ^^-^' r~^JJ (^Ujj LgJl ^^^-^r>«J t^ -'^ Jj ^-^ C.>6-.*^1 

^-jj-L-I i-^U ^ . iJLi'Lj jT^I JjLjJ jJ k::jU->-^l jl ^i ^\ ^L*aj . IJl* 
ililiiJij A^\ OijiJl J.^1 Si jJ Ui' c^l^ ^\A^\ jLi.' ,>M^'^1 ^1 

^L>J1 Li5j ^^^ J^y "^ *^^ *^1 t(Sale) JjL- Jll- jT^iJl '^j^>=j *uii^ ^^JUl 



Friedrich Ruckert, Der Koran. Im Auszuge Obersetzt von Friedrich Ruckerl, herausgegeben ^^^^^ 

von August Miiller, XII, 550 pp. Frankfurt a. M. 1888. 

r^ \ 0A <<LaJjLaJ1 ^_fl Ci^^Jij 4_Ub^ t_»j| 1 ml r'Xa 4f<X]) J-l.J.a Q "iTji) ^d ^Ll (_^jL)LJ ^_1 LjJh ^^ mfl't J.^1 
jtj^=k^ (*Mai .^^LilJI A^j^iLiC. i^^jj.^ ^j^ t_4j-i^ tJLf^ 4^1 tpl <,^ <Aa.jjjl ^— fl ^jAJLluaJI f* -^ uirtll ^^±jJ) ^1» :4J^^1j 

jl>*JI <Aa.j;; ^^ JLa. JajI j_^ JJ^ jkiaJl 11* (jl .«<lijjJ1 <jJUl:^VI SjNil! frLii) 6^>j1i jjl ^ iJjJ^ Aj V 

jjj LajIj Jijj |J '^j^Jl) u' <-JjL>*-*J' <>»J --^Li. ij>«-i S^j 5j j i n a oU olj J-^-sVI j_p8 ^ ^_^l <^jJ5'j/l 

^^:aJ| <Ci£A fiilj h4 lilt ft->lln jlj-iil ^_^ ^jiUftJIj ^OJ^' .^jli'i fj^ ^J^ rJLUI JjJ-ui ^^Jt <>p .^^jjLVI 4jLaja.j3 

.^jiL^'^l (_ysi,^.*^iJI I4J ^j: j_^l Lji Mill <5lUL ^ JV) 

jjjU) (jJLi_i Sjj^uui-a (ju> C^L-o ^_^l iijjJI j_^ 6jij^X6 CLil^ <jJLUI iMiJl ^T^l oLa^j^ <jl J»4'^ 

:(i«jiJI 
Le Koran, traduction nouvelle faite sur le texte arabe par Kasimirski. (In G. Pauthier's Pantheon 
The Koran: lSl^I .j f.i ^ o J^^ ^ Aj\j^ oi_lL xj^I jJj ;Litteraire.) Paris 1 840. 1 80. X, 576 pp. 
translated from the Arabic, the Suras arranged in chronological order; with notes and index. By 
J. M. Rodweil, London 1861; El-Koran..., London 1876. XXVIII, 562 pp. - The Qur'dn, 
translated by E. H. Palmer. Vol. i. II. (The Sacred Books of the East... edited by F. Max Muller. 

Vol. VI. IX,) Oxford 1880, CXVIIl, 268, X, 362 pp. 

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A\-y n ^^ Quatremere l^H ^ LUs^VLj dUjj (Llij ^'^) ^ Y'^ *^ Y^ (_^ <JjLuJI ^-^j-aJ) (_f-a UjjljLS 

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A. (J J SjLil a^jSj ;l. Goldziher, Richtungen p. 274 .^J dJj J^^a. cjUL^| jl^jSj forlentale, p. 7ff.) 
,Y*\^ ^LsJ jjjJl jIjJLj (jj c^j^l < -^ <■■'. Jj^j Jj-a. Mez, D/e Renaissance des Ishms 1922, p. 136 
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I'origine et les anciens monumens de la llfferature parmi les Arabes 

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codd quorundom cuficorum 1 780. 

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^j ^ri :V' T-jL^l Sjj-- t^lj>^ ^^JiJl JUi^ iA/V : Yo jLiyiJI ijy^ 

i Ju ^A^^Ail UKIL *a^^ c-^ N ti^l «J» y^Jl ^y^ J^ '^ Jl^Vl oJUb 
. (((Jb»)) : ^^\ fui r-y^ AijLJl 4.Jl531j tk.^.*>-L* ^J- j^\ ytj 

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.ia>Jl j2/4^ <«^1jjC*>»I CjIup (Jj^l <>-jjJL Jj 4AjL^ Ojj>^ ^^^ ^J^ 

J. V. Karabacek, Ein Koranfragment des 9. Jahrhunderts (Zur oriental. Altertumskunde VI) 191 7, 
p. 36f. 

jjj SaJjJl .icl,>5JI K^ t-JJVI ^ .lA J (j*aj-«a^ J^'>»:; Ser. Nova 4742 UjJ ^^J iijia^l laj U -^ ^ II ^ j^ 

J. Ch. Lindberg, [Lettre] A. P. O. Brondsted 1830, > Y <^J\ ;D. S. Margoliouth, Mohammad and 

the Rise of Islam 1 906, p. 2 1 8. 

<r-\ _ r > Jjl^l B. Morife, Arabic Palaeography 1 905, f t • ^ ^\J\ jj^ LjUk^ d\^ > ^^ ^^ ° * ^ 

■^^ ..nil ^1 4Jiii:vi 5^1 (> r N .r • 'y <r • •\ ,r * V ^^j^ oikjU^.j 

ijj-uj J^j^ i^ij-. iO^ Jj,\.-^ II W. Wright, The Pa/aeographica/ Sociefy Orienta/ Series, 1875-83 

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^ S/JU <(,-wU-^Upi)) K^^ JjJl^^ Moritz, Palaeography) TAl : T S^^.J! 

l{X'X\ jJ^ ^jix :) WT /W ^ : U <^i-^^, Sjj^ iftJjjL")) ^ S/jlj «JujJ» 

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. N • 6 :TV oUL^I Sj^^^ 11 • t^ LjL;.> 

A. Fischer, «uni ^^AJI J .^5^11 .'-.-^.11 (^jjjli ^^"^^^ 
Die QuonHtdt des orobischen Pronom/na/suffixes hu (hij, in Festschrift fur P. Haupt 1 925. 

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LajI (2o^ .Noldeke, Zur Grammafik des c/ossischen Arabfsch 1 896, p. 1 4 § 1 3 ^^^"^ 
J. Borth, Die Pronomlnalhildung in den semitischen Sprachen, 1 91 3, p. 3. 

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.jLjAl *jj("^ o^ <-.-aLA M. Th. Grunnert, D/e /ma/a, der Um/auf im Arabischen 1 876, jjU ^^^"^ 

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fK. Vollers, Vb/kssprache und Schr/frsprache /m a/ten Arab/en 1906, p. lOlf 1 .Ail ^.^Ij .ol t> o I H 
J^^_a. 1 Y _ rv ^^ ^' --1 -:- Ch. Sarauw, Die altarabische Dialektspaltung, ZAXXI [1908] p. 3 Iff. 

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Paleogr. Soc. Or.) ffiJl^J) <(M /^T MV ^1^)/1 5j^) TTT ^^^ iji^i^ 
Moritz, Paleography, ((U*yj^)) ^(YU : Yn ^^i^^'-JJl Sj^^) (i^^ JjJi^i tSer. 



1. H. Moller, Palaographische ^s^^ *< ■»]al\\ ai.* ^ Sj^L-aJI <Y ^j A\ Sjj .^ H ,jj_t 1jlj-o ^^^^^ 

Beitrage aus den herzogltchen Sammhngen in Gofha 1 844. 



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jl «L» *-- il^^^^jLjl ^J^r^l v^ iij-*>L!l iiUi'i Ju^j tiij-^ i-Ji-SJl ^jX: 

. tt <:>-jJ Moritz, PQleography (t : A jUiNi ^jj-^) 

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;T :^Y J^i f^o :^^ ^., ^ .T. 11 f> :'\o j%U\ fA>/AY :0-\ ouflljJI foA :0> oLjlJJI fol/ot :r'\ j_*jjl 

. ^ • • / > • 1 :r (ji^H* jT Sj>- j^>^ N ^ ' o^ ^i ^<5JLiJi oi^t^Ji .. ^ui o^ f ya • : y s^iJi 

<jl3^ (ji jLi! 4J1 p. Casanova J iU^ d-i !lL .-i ...-._. U^ ^"""'^ 
J*i L*^ *^j ;rL?^t i^ ^1 Mohammed et /a fin du monde, 2em fasc. I, 1931 , p. 110, 121 - 129 

■J^ LoOic ^^1 ^ inijJ U^ljli ^JU jLk (j\ (jJ^-J .6l>^' Jua-jlJ acljS < jLaifi 

"la recension d'ol Hadjdjadj a existe; celle de 'Outhman est une fable" (S. 127). 

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jl^l ^_^ ^J^ 



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jL^Nl c-;l^ iiy ^1 oL i,lj^l jl ^''^'\«^.*^j Clip jl L;IAp ^^j J.,c>o 



G. BergstraBer, Die Koranlesung 6e% Hbsan von 6asra, (/s/amica 2, 1926, - A Fischer - Festschrift 
-p. 11 - 57.) 

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The Transmission of the Kur'an (Journal of Manchester Egyptian and Oriental Studies, 1 91 5\1 6, 
p. 25 - 47). 

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.\o ,>\o ,\ (j.>^^I^^U (>i).Haarbrucker,1, p. 95-1317- 1321 ^ ^,±Lu.,^^I <"^^' 

.oiY i^LJI 4^U1 jliil <,>^ dS^^^^"^ 

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.ova ^*iii iJ^uJ^o^'\ ^.a:iU.i^i ^^'^^ 
'A :vr ^>ji ijj^ j^ jjM.r. -t^jijJi c^\ >Li fv .1 1 ,r «J>ji ^li^i* .(rv* o) ^Lk^i ^""'^^ 

(Goldziher, Muhammedanische Sfudien, Vol. 2. p. 243, n. 1 jl ^ .V." ..J) .ovi ,_^o aLij! 1 ."ajI (^L5 

,_^ ,_jJliLiJI ^^j^jjj .(_j^^VI cj-AlioJ) iji (jJjIjJI OJiJ La^ f,jn's<ll <ic (^JLJJ *^^ Y '^ ^ '^ <(^^)jiillln <(_5j>3^1 

t(jjy^\ jjjl _>lkih L*j:itj S^Lu^l jji ^^LaljJI jot apl>aJI JUaI^I (Al (> (jLoKjjj iVo'\ o) (^*si miH j^jJI 
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.Islamica 2, {1 926), p. 505ff. ^ J. Schacht ^iL. ^^AJl 



fiJUh pLoSj^] A^lj-^ Li-'^^l ( ^ ^ • ^^) lSj "^ : ^ ^ C^*-*^^ of-iji j-JIj(Jj . <jL1^ 



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.Bergstrdfier, Koranlesung des Hasan, p. 50 ^^ '^^ 

.£A (j^ (4_u*ij jj .*-.ftll ^ ^ 

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^^ (2,_i^U-Jt jj\ lj\ <^jl\ ti Y <5LSjJ) (VM * ^^ .UjU-^n) «cjUaL» <jjjJbjJI !"^T*\ |»Jj ^^KU (jjl fjjT • • 
.MV <5U^1 (oo cod. simul. LjU^^ 'uf^^) '<oLLiL» *t5jCH?JI ^\ fjYll <Y Juynboll J^jia^ -(^j^^jjjjls 

A. Wiener, fR/chtt/ngen, p. 46ff. ^jLi^j Goldziher, Muhammedonische Sfudien 2, p. 240 f^j-jj-xJI 
(^l " 1i) j-ix-ij .Mez, Renoissonce des Islams, 1922, p, 186ff. fin: Islam 4, (1913) p. 292 






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.TYA j>«i Vjj VYT L^L Sli^l <1-uj jij >^^ ,>^»-" '--^j •u7>*'JI 
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«j_^j:Ti) ^y y>^il J^ iL^^^j ^'^^y-Kp' JlicJl iw? «^y^» v^' iJLSCU cJU-^ 

cu^^ oY/o^ :or ^^^>^1 ^rv/VA :Y<\ o^^-ic^l ^ i • /r A :Yo jU^I 

AjLiS'j Lp^^J>r .,,^7 j_yjj Ipi U^ SJULJl oJLpUJI jJlP (U^^_A^) (O^j^*) 4ji»^.,r?Jl 

.Flijgel, Gramm. Schu/en, p. 170, Nr. 10 j VT iVo «Ci— ,^1» (J j^l^l ^l:iiJ1 (jlj^t ^ jj/. n. 

6!iLtt tJjU (ftsi^J Ij-* J+i JjVl Lol t^^-L^lc ^ j<Lj ^1 ^J JrVi 4^1^ ^1 ..i-kj 5>a^ t^^^' jiLLaJI j_^ ^ ^ ^ 

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,_^ a!>U^ (jjlj) <Je^ Sfljij 4j^ ^<j.r>j j^Vl ^ cs>*^ tr^' «(tjj-> ..M "i/U 4^t,ilfVI jfc^ Yo :YV JaU) 

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Ch. C. Torrey^ The Commercial - theoiogical Terms In the ^J^ Noldeke j h M) » > < " ^^ _■ = - < ' » ^"- 
^k:!) a^^ M.flV» ijLiiJl , ...nj gj^ ■..flVi) ^>^ (>^l Iji^ > :Vo o>U5J) Sj^^^ ^ '.(Koran 1892, S. 33, n, 1 
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(Y ^U^JLp v-.^yj L.J ^jliJlj ti^r^'j ^1*^1^1 (^ : W^l^ t^Jl *^l^l 

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j_yil^l j_yaJl (^ Jiiil ^y> J^>^ ^-^^ -Oj^Nl ji^riJl >^^ J^ ^-^r^l »-^ 

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jui^l .-™^ sjuJb^Jl oUl^l ^_J ^i jl jLi> ^■'''"^^"'°^\«5^^i (<^1Jl- 

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.BergstrolBer, Koroniesung cles Ha&an, p. 51 ^^° 

(^^ lajk-^] <«*::,L4^» <45j,;>aJI tjjl ) p YY cj) ty^^p^ ^;^V l^^jil ^-i5VI Spijiil <Ju^Ji <AJLa JiAj ^ 

.(Y <a^j rY • V AlMJ^ [0 cod- simul 

ii^ l^ ft>».ll ii-waJlj .Y <:a.j < ^ A > iiLSjJl <0 Cod. simul. tJjJj-J ^j^-^ - faCjUjia» *^j,J^I (jjl ^ 

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A. Mez, Renaissance f iV (_^ *R/chfungen <<) .., a 'i i_ftJj-<JI 'Muhammedanische Sfudien, 2, p. 401 

.a^^ t5j£ Jl tlsjSJe V Cji^S P Flijgel, Grommofische Schu/en, p. 1 79ff. ;des /s/ams, 1 922, p. 1 87 

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often Arabien 1906, p. 144ff.. 

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A I A :oA <Jjl -^ « II Sjj-ui j^ «u>^^^*'J «uJ>?^''\'" uri^J <(AV/AN :YV J-aiJI 

Bergstrafier, Koron/esung des Hbson, p. 51 . ^^^ ^ 

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^^^'^\ «._^j)) 4jL^ «^|)) ^.^tf.o ,_^lj tft^Ll)) 

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jU (■ LfJj ^j-*^ ^^^j^ Jj^-^ ''-r-*-^ Owft^.U ikjl^^i-Jl c-^UijJJl (1)15 li\ 

t g a ^ 1 «-j— « ^j-« P^j-* J '■^j-^^^^ C-J15 V:>1 jjA^^^Lj c4-s^^^.j*_a ^-s^jJuJl kj\jji\ 

j3 U-« L»j^ ^^I ^j^*-^. ^^jj t^jjt--^ ^1 jiji J^p- Ji^l JU- tjL^-bU 

Cj) ^j^Lp ^\ ^-■^■^ ^tl^^j) Jjjt— ^ jyl IJLp . Sjj^ JuJ I i:U^Uaji>tl]\ <b ^»t^-«J 

.jj£ A (_j^ (^U (Bergstrafier, Koran/esung des Hasan, p, 55 ^"^'^^ 

JJUJ YT^ /YTA <jVI Y SjJjJl Sjj_ui j_j-a <_jIL<Ij ^^jl 4.a.l^ i<->j (4_La— ua-eJI L^ i,t"*s i^JJI t*.t jK tl Q rt 1 f .1 L^l 
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.iir .itr <nr .Y^v.rvY .ty^ .yya .v*'\ ,y*\*\ ^^^i^i a:^i ^i .^1j j^n .... . ^^^i ,:^ j^i^^i 

Bergstrafier, fo.v.lAl .IVY .lYV.n^ .l*A.rAY.rV^ <Y'\'\ .V\Y y_^ij_^UU:iLi.l jjl-S ^^^^^ 

Xoranlesung des Hasan, p. 48 

.Bergstrdfier, Koranlesung des Hasan, p. 48f ^^^^^ 

-A^- <^UJ1 *:iUl >:l ^'''''^ 



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i^jUj±^\ JJt j^uala^ (jjl (T* A o^^jiuJIn <(^jj^l j^jl alt (T* T ^^ ^jLaKj^ f M 1 Cj) «_*a.LaJI j^l ^ ' 

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Bergstrafler, Nichtlcanonische Koranlesarfen im Muhtasab des /fan Ginni, Site. -) AY :YA ^j^ ,^ i II 

.(J-^ ...it ^1 .Berichte der Bayr. Akademie d. Wfss., 1933, H. 2 



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LjjULJI ij-^jLSVl jlj_«»l foJlj-iJl ^j-fl J ir>\^ o)> ^<jjJU. ^Ij Bayr. Akademie d. Wiss., 1933, H, 2 



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W'Lp of-i^ J^'-^ o^_^j^l lUUJ oJb-1^1 of-l^l J>-i-i 5l-g^l Cj U *>\:js^ N I ^^ J» 
4.^j t— ww^ ;lrr^'^' C^ -^j^j-^l ^^L^^'b/lj .^^j^aij^j ^-rr**-^ ^r^ csri' or! 

9'j^j^ (^j . LgJLS' ^<-;~Sl C-jUIjJJI ^^^Jlp jJajJJ LaljJl Jl^ljjJl J-JaJJ 

^1 oU!j^ ^Ji^ dUij *4j5 ^ j^\ jl^l j-^j-u I^Lp j3j .Jjy>.ii} 
f-^j-A ^-Ajl; Jjp- 4-«UJl c^Ut-^yJl e-JL>- j^l . ULj-I c^lf-ljill ^ c>tJ 

.Bergstrdfier^ Koroniesung des Hasan, p. 55f. ^^^'^^ 
^L yJ alijlj Pretzel, D/e Wissenschafr der Koranhsung (Islamica 6, 1 933/4, p. 1 0) dJj tb^ ^^"^^^ 

o*'^) o^JLJI ofV n^biVU (_^j <(> '\ fkij J-uili^ L>-^) (.r^J^' LT^ Cy* ^h-^ «ji_Lp^l)) ^^ IjIa ^ ' 



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lAjji^\ lj:£ jL*w>t:L^I *-« JpLJj^Lj dUij t CjL^ ^j-* Si-^^ V**^ ^j-*-J 

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t V^J^>fcXjlj t lwij>xj^ CJj-vSJ 6p|^j-ij| j-*J tJL^^^l !4_<tJ(_Ljl i-wA-^j-ftJl frLiJ^i 

jl^l l^3» ^j-^j-^ tl/d-^' ' ^-*-* 't>c^JJ>^ -^-'^. c-UJyi ijj^ ^^^Jlp ci">LiJlj 
jlJujj Lut^^j i<(j-UjVl ^>«-il ol^^^lj J^ptJL jT^I ljiyl»j «*iJl^^^L 
c ^^ Ji >c>-l^^ As>K^\j JljiL) jjJL^_*ti«j /jd'^^ jj-s^jU-j! Lol . ^Ju^j^\ pUJ^I 

<-Jl-p LijL«-jL» i*^!>U5^ ^j_vi»j_« t j1j_aj1 jj^-j.:* jLWI ttj^ l^-^-^ '■^^ ^— im' 

(*)(>*-v) ,^ 

ajIjL) ^ iiSLiuJl i^jy^Jl ixj^^l jJl>J1 l('\j^ ^ jLu j\ t^i^jj 015 (jiJl jj-<>^ 

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[o -^ .^^_>*JI ^jliU Lfjj SjjU jj^j j»^ l^jjijAj (^ LlJjt 
Pretzel, D\e Wissenschaft c/er Koran/esung (Islamica 6, 1933/4) p. 293ff, d_lj Jj-^ j h M ^^ ' *^^ 



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^ JjL-JI ^LJI ci^l ^_yip a-JlSGI aj IjlJ ^JUl j^l yl j4^^ ,IA^\ ^ 
eij^l JS' Xs- t VUjj^I Ji'il ^b^\ C;.-.^ toXJl J>--bj .oJuu o-l^^Vl 

^ J.LJI Ju>Ji J^l ^^ Sl.> iL ol^l^l J5 ^ >^l .-4-i (^ 

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/»UaJI IJla jJ ^LaJl 6JL>-j . ^>L>-yi jlr^J ^^-*^ JLi*-a (*lia:>J jl^l Sf-l^ JUjJI 



JL?-_^J . L^^ jJJjb cJij jl jji J-a <Ail>s-a oU-jJl* ^JU^Lj wJlI^jJlII *J J.^-^U 

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jiaij jlj5S ^Ij t«j!j Jj)) Jflii (w'Lp j^) ^ ^ij (_pL«i^lj t^ ^ ^\^j 
Ul^ t((^)) ojt^" IS! ^jtr^'^^l Jr^ ^^' c5^ **^^' (^ -"^^i t" -^ ""^-^ ^^ 

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cod. sim. or. aJj Cu-tJt iUjia-oj (j^>>? lT* SjJ^"!*^ ^'^'^ f-*J CS>AJ^f tr^^J Jajl^-^ ^ (ff^jljill (_^Ijl^)) ^ ' 

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(1)15 oijJJl ^_^ j-a Jbt: U5j . UJL ^^^..J j-H-^^ Jr^ -^Id jl5 <;U 

SU'l (^1 ^JU! J^^'^l jU:.! Ul .^^1 Jl ^1 ilUlj ;JU^I J.M=23 ^^y ^^^^ 

(VrJ Lo ii^jS^- Oj-^ y»*A— ill jj^gji JLLp ^jLij CoJL>ejl /wjjJLj oL5 LiJ^ 

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^^aJI jiaJ ^JJjAJ (_$1 (.^^zJuJL^ ^ (_5i*-'^ J^ ^-*^ i, \^^*j^ Ijj-a-^t ^"^1 /*-*^J-^' 
jl ^j.^^ J t^ j-*j ';_y2J j' THj-^ ^*-^-^J^, ^1 '(^r'^^ '-^ (^ ft^-ij-Sjl CjLa^>Lp 

.Die Korantesung des Hasan von Basra (Islamica 2, 1926), p. 1 7 ^^ ' "^^^ 

SiC iJU^fl J_j^ 43l'ijft-^'i Ci ..nl laJj r(j"^ (_>-a alijl ,>liil) i^jJ ■ ■"<ll aIa J^ j^jl^iitja '-fl,>JiJ ^>J ^^ "^"^^ 

jji iiJjjJI tjj^lj '(Lg-i^ Cjli^>il«jJ (jiiLaJJI (^[ j^U^ (3jI (^ ol^iiJI («o-LiJ,>4iilB <f:;^1 tjjl i^jLu^aJI ^ ' 
Pretzel, Die Wissenschaft der Koraniesung, Islomico 6, Heft) .(jT>Lll c;lfrl>S ^ <J..."ij^ J-a£. t5>^ 

■ ?J>1->I Mill ^^"1% r<L^^L^^ cJlj Lo ^^\ ti.Axil\\ d\f)j^\ . ■"*^ ■ u*'^^^ LT^ '(^ ' ^r ^ 

Muhammedanische Studien, 2, p. 194ff. ^^'^^^ 



Cjj-JjJl ^^^IjcJL) oUI^ i^.^ j5^ *J Lgji (^1 tjj^L>- ^^^Us oli c-JlS' Aj tA-o^i 

J. c^y.^1 ^LkJl L^ j.l;:S:o jLcj ^ c l^l ;^S/I ^^'^'\«^ S^l^l ^)i 
KYY ^j) (\o'\ o) 5>^ ^(AVi ^j ((oLi_J^») (UA o) ^>.^Vl :JlS 

Lji ^(rrrr cTo*^ cn^io ^j)^^'^^\\oa\ cvoo ^j) (\^^ o) ^u 

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,\o^i ^j) (r»r o) tiJu^i ^^'^^^(Jl,^■,./2Jl -L^ ^v-^L; nw ^ co">LpI 

ilf, 

.tjj>Ji 6e' -[^ 'Vvr ] ^oji ^ u-='iuj AT [^^Ti j:^j^ i^jU;>^] «iiiii>« *,^^t) «(^l^ ^i W^j 

J. E. ^1) ^j:^! CJ*^' C-"'^' (> Wr^ ^Ij (>JJ ^^^ .<^UJl .\ A^ ^^ .^ jUKj^ .'K .V> ^^'^""^ 

\ '^ j1 (jjl 5j Sarkrs, D/cfJonna/re encyc/opedique c/e bib/iograph/e arabe 1928 Sp. 161 7 Nr. 3 

.(Bergstrafler, Koranlesung in Kairo [Islam 20, 1932] p. 28 



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jl^ j_^ Ijj-va^ LgJL<t^»C^M< jl^ ^1 t^JLaliCJl olt^l^l -V^J^J fj^^ l-j^ 
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j^,jj g .t. ^,,11 Slj^l /^^, j-^j .(YT^ o) ^^'^''^olJ.jL-^ ^Ij (.(YT* ^Lp JUt-j 

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.FlOgel, Grommotische Schu\en, p. 125, Nr 3 f 1 .Y * * 

.VON A .-VV (^j««oUJo» .y;j>jJlj>.l f'*'"'*^ 

.Goldziher, Aduhommedan/sche Studien, 2, p. 33, 1 75ff. ^"^ '^^^ 
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Bergstrafier, Nich/kanon/sc/ie Koran/esarten im NiuHo^ob des ibn Ginn't, Sitz.-Berichte (^""') 

der Bayr. Akademie d. Wiss., 1 933, H. 1 .. 

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<^j *o • rs Y ^U l>MU-.UM,all LjU^ ^) 4^LiUJ <^j^ ^ (VTY o) c5^>^j^I Jn^-.,..! (6, p. 1 8, i. 7] 
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t^>. Jii;l (^L; ^.^.-....JO ^li]l j^UJI ^yS\ ^'Nl j-0 jUuLi . LJL^I Ji 
^ (rvv o) ^lkiS(l (J^U^l ^ JU^ ^ J^) Cr-^\ y} ^^r-^\ oT^l 

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Ji:^ ("^1 • ^ e*>Ul ^0 (VAO o) j^yia3j\jJl ^b*- ^1 6Ju>tJ Oi Ljls 44ij^1 

t^U! (^Oi ;^UJ1 c:>Ul ^1) (rA^ o) j^ ^ ^J^\ ^\ <.^ ^JL^ 

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(JJLjCj La ^j .c-jULJIj o-.SL*J1j Jj-^*^i ^ cjijjJaJl j->-l ftS^,,^.:!!)) ^,,?g;^j 
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cJjJ^) jlS'j .c^Ul^l iw^ j^ c^UI^I S^LJ ^^j^t^jwji «-;-^j>ciJLJ ^v^JVl A>Jl 
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jk^ cJl^ j^l ^LiJI ^ 1^ ((^..M.^lD) ^LiS" Jii U^ Jlp jl^ US' .aJI 

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j^ j^SLa tft^L') A-iUj Jjj-laJi ^;>tj ^ yu^ ^ oj^ e-jll^lj ,(«^^l^l O-jj 

'kijf<.^\ jwa>-jjl J*>UcL*>i! -Jbj^j ^^jyO f-i^^iJu <Ujjj*-Mi> *j^ ilj L*_*j . twAiSolj 
Lj to^j.il>i j-f^ *^ ^3t^ O^ °J^-^ >* L$^' '-^y^J^^ f»LlaJj oJLjIjJI CjLJL^JIj 

A ,r^ ,0 ^jLijVU .ojSL^iii^ J^j-(^ .0*0 ,^) Y.^^ „oiii.) .(jj>Jl o^l ^^'"^ 



61 (t-^L«Jl (wJLU (_^i^j . ^^^-wju ji ^^ f-j-Ja^i ^y^\ f^j 4j-o-?-l OjJlj i9jJaj><_<Jl 

^^V) ^^^'""^t^^bcJl >5)) y^j c((;«]:»LlJt)) ^-.U; ^ j^ liUJ ^Vi 4^^^^ 
oLiJj^l dlA j^ ^'"^1 :>J-«Jlj .(VTT o) ^^^o*j>Jl (jUip ^ r^^y}, <>"— '1 

jlS'Jbj l^JS^\ ^jLill T-'^^'* CjUJj-JI dJlA ^ *Jh 4 0^1 ejji'JuJi ^.-JlSGl 

.(SybUil ^ <^^) ^-il-iiJi JUx^ ^^ ^Jl»J ftJLw^l ^j..a5» ^J\ 

Ahlwardt, Verreichn/s der I .\i1 jj^li .oLa-jj^iJI (>> (jot ^_i^^l li* (_^ Jjjej '^ * '^ '^ o^Kj^ ^ "^ 
,(<jj.>»JI ollajU-; A\ (_>u^) orobischen Handschriffen , Vol. 1 , p. 337 - 339 

-La^^j-il jkliLJl iaK ^j i^-uiii t^l^ijdl p "V o) -LU-ii Xo^a^ ^^ Xaa.1 j^^ J.a-x.n.1 jkOJ^I ^J-iJ' J-o^>-J 

. N <UJI jL^ ijjdJl (_yJj <o ^ j>^l^i i-aSj (^U Jjt'tUii.l j_ji Llkjl Ja.J^i ^jlM\ ^jJJ\j 
j_^t (ji-aU ^j-Ii LA-it 2^ fBergstrafter, Koranlesung in Kairo (Islam 20, 1 932), p. 27 ^^ '^ "^^ 



.j^l ^\ j>-[Zja ^j ^ O^larJi JU3 t4j>Oj>» ^j^ ^^4-*'J J>*J^^ C-J\5 LJ 

j^^-tf- ^ j-yaJ -dUlJL^-P ^^^ «^«_sf j-<J\» ^LlS' j_a 9^\ 1-JUb J-* ^LlS' Jjl 

oS/j .(jin ^ o">U^^0 ti>J^Ji ^j-J «5a.jJl)> ^Li^j ^^^*'^\^^jUJl 
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((i^UJl)) Ojj ^ «4^lj^* /^l OUI^I ^ Lf^"^* -J^-*^** «^r^ v^ L?*^' 
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o!ApI ^1) (101 o) U«i ^UJI ^li« ^^f>A ^ ■ jW".)'^ ^ u^^^ ^-^^ 

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iJu J^^ 't^ ^^' «il^^l)) ^\sS L^jI o«-^1 ^ <j[sS ^U- ^1 <^^^j 
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jl^jiy (rV • C-j) 4j^U^ Jj^ ^I iij^ ^jIxS" o^^l dUu ^_^ ^r^J • iSj>-^ j^U^i^ 

oUI^I ^ , g.vS' ^U- Jl ilj^l ^ c_^ ^LS" ^_^ jW^' jT^i (^LJLp 

. a ^ . ^ J. U . a II -^ " SpIjJb ^j '1 1 ft I ^ n(4 H t iiiH r jL;^ «-2ljJln (^] ^J^jjl ^j 'n> o ILj J <U>"t mi 1 ^ U&jLui)) j t t * "1 ^Li 
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Bergstrafier, NichtkanonischB KoraniBsarten im Muhtasab des ibn Ginni, Sitz.-Berichte ^ ° ^ 
lii. -kat i*jt~-^ "^ ^,\j^.^^ ^^^ l>=^J^ 4-LAjjl^V1 Cfl — -^ iSj der Bayr. Akademie d. Wiss., 1933, H. 2 

.oLo^l-aJI 

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nYYn ^uJi citrn ^^i ^ir^i ti^i ^nm ^^i c^Tnru y-Vi 

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jjj ^>3 J Mi'>j iiij <«-ijjj-a <A. Spitaler jJl'n mi .1 j^^jiijjl aIj^I (jn in^ "> n ^ttA.t (j-0 CiULuJI OJikl ^ ' 



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c ji^l ^j^jJJll 4lP j^_^ M li?^ ji^l ^U^ A-^JliJl (jjiaJl Aiyui OJIS" 
A^j <_^j c jlk^Jl cjiijJlj 4Jb»)/l ^ cJLuJi J-:-:-*' (_yiLP tjiajJU S:iJL>t_4Jl ^_^ 



SVi ,j^ .S Ahlwardt ^1 S^l3-Jl j>l.»>ti Jj^ fVV «c^,^U ^ 
.or. qu. ^ VA'X ^^ LjU-^n ^t^^J^ tlj^jj^Jt <1jj1\ If^ ^ 



110 



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fjjll f^J 



/^>j *J ^^! jU^a^ il C-jLL^ Jj:>- ^-^j-iij oiljJco *JL>L\jj /^ c_dJj^i aLI ^ -^Jd 
A*««5jJl t-*LS3i «j>-l^j • V^ oli^L,^ \jtijAj>- ^ L t<i>tj AjUrJb <-»Srr^ ^^^^ 
<i4j) ()HH cj) j^^*Jjl;V1 ^_j-«J ^ lij^ ((aLJI f-UrjfcW LgJwo ^ 4^jl5 c-)LaJj^ ^ 

iL- S^^l o-UL^ «^jju^l» .^li5 ^ y^^^ ^JUl ^^^^''Vn ^) ^li_>^l 
tilj-LLl 1jj>- *-^ t^^LS^Ij .^jiaJI jijiJI /«->'ij-« c^L>- \^ ij^^ oLpLw' J>>- 

^L^ «^,_^1)) ^ JUJ! U5j . JjLli ^1 Uj «^lj ^Ij^lj v'^^?^' oLL^l 

i^UjJ^] yii-is^ oJj ^j . \^jJS aJLp (JJLpj t«JU^LLjl j_jl--l (^ JLjU^I 

*<o^j-ii -^jj-**' ^^>-^ y^j^^ y^^> cy* ^-^ : '^ ^ lit— -ij ijLtJoi .^— i^^x^Ji j j^/aj^^vL 



.«, i->l.oJI ui:»tLi.l« <^t:;S^:^ V ^^^^^^ 

• ot^t lift (j-0 i«jia Ljj^ fS^UJh (_$^^jL:^ jijjuiij^t jj i^i (j! aJjIaJI jj^j 

SjLiia. OlJs ojj--a Jij . N • ^ Y * ''Ij^j-l;- ((_,xijSj^ f*_j \ *\ Y (_^ ( N Ahlwardt ,i\' < \ ^LoKj^ ■ ^^ 



oUlj-SJI ^ jjLa.^^ jTjJll j-H-^ c--:^^ (d 

jjJaJoj .C-jip-l^^l j%JL>u lL^j ljJLsia» c ij^^^^-w^jOj j A^j.^jjij Ajjj>tj LLstjI JjUJo 

c (A, Jeffery) (jj^ 1 ib^w-^^l /j>» [^Sj A-JlJ ^_^JLp t4-Pj-Ja>i L^^-w^wuL; ^^"^ J-^ 
jlJLs^[ ^_yi LgJwo oilii*^^l iSj^j <-<^\^\j^\ t.,^**^^- ll>r^:^ W-^^ ci*^^ (.ojjfc.Lill 

. ijJLiJ oi^ o^-^ 

. «-^Ij^Ij l£j <ij-*^l htJa] (Herman Haufileiter) 



j\j^\ ji 



b 



. i;j;^ !>!. ^ -Jl ^1 c w>S(L; 

. J-^1 jjUJi ^_^Ia ^^ ^pLiaJlj 

jIjl^i c(orA c:.) (^^.li^^Ji ^1 jUJ «j.>iJi j.^u^ ^ ^li5:ji)) (r 

sjlp ^Uwo -l^ jJj . ^ _ > A 1 IJj.^JLS' t o 1 jJUe-a t (Nassau Lees) ^j^ j 1-- Ij 

<u5C] tsIuJl oUl^l ^Uw^I <^yl\ ^Jb U GU .S^LlJl oIpI^I ^ ^^1 

IJla ^2r^ -*^Jr! • (^ ' ^ ^) cijljJ^ t>i^^ >*^ JU.J>t^ «k«-.-jJl ^^LLa)) (i 

A c^_^^^/l ^A^_ UV*\ co1jlJL>^ 1 ^3^j^, :^,ybLi oUJ? c^j^U .-^LLiai 

.(>i (»ij>:i) 

*■ " f- " 

.5jl>-Ij 5c- I^ j^'^ '^^ ^j^ tV* **^^ ^j-"*^ *_*i;5L (^^;^1 ^j-*J t^LLolS^ *L-^ oiLij 



llA 



(jijjii (_^ jij^ ' 

a:S} <.<jlf-lji jiU^a-* (Sj^j^^ ^-^ ^j . c5 j-i->5-« jJ i J^^-^ LaJ^ ^ ^-<>-^ Oj|fr1ji-j 
j_^ iLjL^ CU^ a^ 4jiw«Jj ^ ^A1• Jl^rS-^ c(^jJ*>UJLJ) ^^^^1 J-^* ^^-.^.^j 

.(lAo o) tijU^Jl ^*^ ^ x^.<— ^Sl '^^Jij'^'^ jl^--b Ji>^^ jlj^^" (^ 
tjlJlU^ ;(H. L Fleischer) j-lj*>\i . J ._a ix-i? J^ »^;c^' oUJaJl ^ ^j^ 

J^yj .(V^ • O) ^^i-^l olS"^ ^.S/ «J:;j IJl J^\^s^J Jiy^\ iJjlJU» (V 

4 j1jlL*x^ tOj-s-a-a oL«_J?j (. ^TV^ (.(^L_-j-j (.ijjujfc 4Sx-^ i^LlSLII IJla j-^ 

L!L?-lj (.4j«_;-.Jl1 <«*-j^l CjUI^I S^Lp ^Jb t 1jL>- j-«^ ^r^«^ c-jU^Ij 
A ^ jyJsL* 4(Vio o) ^^JJS/I ti_^^ ^^ i^y «Ja^^>^l ^^D) (A 

11^ 



^^^^*\^^«*^1 oluJd «Ja^s>^l j>J^\ ^ JijJJl jjJ|))j t jL^ ^Sl «SLJI ^1« 
LXI jLj- ^1 y^r^J • c^j^'^ J-jLJl ^l^^l Lfij^ *^ (_5iJl cj1«^I^1 ^ ^jlp 

t(^iiJJtJl (»-;:^lj-;l ^j-| JU->«^ jji ^j-«^l ^_^ ^^^^^ «4-^j^l ^L5'))j «^^,j>*Jl 
^Sl «jL^l i-jL;5'»j cV-j^U- ^jj*V «ilj^l u-j|y>|))j c ^^.-l^wo^JLI «»^Lti^l»j 
il^ ^ j^ljJUl ^L^S'Wj tJU^l ^ Jf'^^^ *'t>^l ^l::S'))j c^lJU-gJl t^I 

t^^jLUi ^^ ^\j tjw'L^ ^_5^1 ^j tJ.-^--P ^\ ^ ^':iU I^L tciUi ^ 

t^^^ij c^^ljJlj ciJaP^lj t^^jl-l§-Jlj iiSjS^\j t*>LaJl^lj t^^^^lj 

i 

Cji«^ljiJl jja \^j^ bJlP ijjj Ij^ ^^ .C->UljiJl il^l (^ ^!j-tsP ^^ ^^l 

^j4j ol j^LJI (V'j • ^l>»-j *L>t***jl djlf-lji ^— *-;^ c bJjJLojI ^y.S-^ tojLjj co^LLjI 

frL^Lk.! ^jic (j-aJJI ^j-Vk-j Vj ■ Jf^ J-^*"i.t LxiU Lfl^jt J^J *^ J ^ (jJjJLi^l 4-i^Li,^ 4ljiii (j^jJl <C.Liia ^ '^ 

.* n^t^^^Jt (j<alj\ n-i^1j I fli'l-fc jf^J I n^jl ij^ (Jali 6j^J^ <\» Jr> n 



t ^T^T J ^YA• '.^;^j-« ^Js dJJS ^j^ IJ^ .(^ (tij) iSj^^ tj'^^ A^U otJ? 

if. 

.a 

Jt^U ol^Ij (All o) .J^Jl jiJJi j!A;r 0^ ti-JJ^ «*>J*>^^ jr-^"» (^ "^ 

tf . J f. 

4JU!^^ ol^ljwo-^l ^Ijj} *wJ?L$Lll J-ii-jj .aJJ^I cjLiJj-<JI j^ Ijjjj^ j^ 



o) ^^UxJi ij^^cJi ^V y./Ji v^^ k^y Jl (»n^^' J^' ^^j!» ( ^ ^ 

^-^L; ^j^^l «t^jUA^l ^^^^ ^ lt^'^I oLiS'j ^^UJl sjIjj^" (^0 

. UAV j'ijj t^^^l^JI ^^ ^;JUAJl ^^^ 
^ ^3-Jl LgjJLj ^^1 <jLjJ1 <w«-«o J^^j eSLiJi cjLpLs^Ij (^y e^LS^l 

(o^^-^-) ^^1j ci^^Jtj tijW^^I Crib ti^^^^>J'j ^"^ ^'j ^^r^ ^}^ 
xs-j ^jAal\j i^^y^^j i j yuJc M ) JljjJl J-^j ^jb (^i jjIj jj.'.a:^ jjI -^^--j 

^^^^^Jl ^j^».>^ w^LuJl ^^Ij (^t^* ^^'^^^ jr-*^' t/ t>^^^ C^J** ^^^ 



. 6j^ '^^^^^-*r^ 4-jLJl jiU-sa^l ^ AjU-ftL«^j lLjIp-I^L (^y jjbj . A^pjia^^joj 
^_^N («0ljiJl CjJL^J *^W^ >^^=f-* ^-jIiS")) y& (^^iJLLit^ t-J^j^-^ -^Ji t-j\^^^ LoJli^ 

H*^ urib ^-^^ jW^^b ' Vj-^J ^r^-*^ c^' 5f-iyj ^^*-%^ J^ 0^»J^^' J-^ 

i-d^: .,^7 (^Jlpj iijJl (*JLxj LIILp t. as(^7T ot-;-«Jl Jjj>- **jLjLj jl Vj . j_p 1:Lv«^>«-^ I 

O) ^1^1 ^IJL-^ r^^ iLj ^ ,^y^^^^ ^ ^'"J «jT^I ^U-^ c-jLi^)) (\ 

nvr 



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ajIjjJI o^j5ou M L^iJ /^-^ /*-* uJli- aJlLJI ^jaJI ^ ^Jjtpxjj .flj-^L^ ^L-^l 
c5J t x^l^l ^j> Oj:> j-o (ij>-^*^l oIpI^L (.-i*-bU JLg-ti«j U l^^j . Ajj-LtJl 

J-«»j>*-o ^ (^'^1 ciL>«-M-l_ ^^1 jj^JLJI ^^^1 JuJd (tjl^l (_yiljt» c-)l::S'» (Y 
|JL>- ii-wo- 4JL?- j^ ^ .,/? n 1 ij^j^ i-jL-^Jlj .(r^'^ e:j) ^L>-jJi (_$jl !l ^ 

.^1^1 ^L-^l ^UJIj jj^ ^ ^2;S3 tilj-lll jp cjULJIj ^^ 
jij*j»- (_^^ «ujUljiJl ^ij >=**^l t>* *^ ^ t>^-? OljiJl ^-"Ij^l t-^LiS'" (V 

e— ilx^l /^ JL>-^^ . (VVA C*)) ^L>«jJLj s^JjJ*-*j1 J-^L>-->J /jJ JLoj>t.^ 'ji JL>j>-l 

t<-tj .^ <^ It 4.i."i<: ^ II LjU-=t n .Die Wissenschaff der Koranlesung (Islamica 6, 1933/4, p. 16) (^^^^) 
.G. Flugel, Die grammofischen Schu/en der Araber (Leipzig 1 862), p. 1 31 ^1 ^^^^^^ 



ajj-,aJI ^jj-jlJuJl ^j^ (jj^^l Ls^ I— jIjSISI ^jij - \-^L*J 4ij^j„»*_d *»^^'^*-^ cjIpIjJ 

If 
Ju*>tj <u*ij *^«iJj-.<jLl t-jLiS* cfAo j--«^ c <j^ ..^g ^ 1 1 4.j:iUl ^ J^jjj (1 



IVo 



jjlj_aJI ^jA> ^jb 






j^UijJl jljiJi (j^J jijiJi Sf-Iji ^j^ ^^^J^' Ajj.*/S.n} \ 4i!>\jJl LoU JLlP j-gJaj 

^v^ 4JjLS_<JJ JLg->sJl JjL) A_*»g_a ^ Ojjajt^ (*-^^ ijj**^^ <JLajJlS ^JbjjJu Oj-^^^1 

^^-^ Mo ^^^ J lil Ji^il ^_^ t-bJj ^JiiJi jTjiJl olU_^la;i«-a l!:.^ SJiili ^Ju 
llisi- TcJj^ (^ fj-^^^ ^J^W^' 4^;-^^LS'^Jl <:^^1 (BergstraBer) ^^^i.tJ>^ . P' 

"i * * * * -^ 

bJJt ^-i^^ ^ ^jiijUj -P^j^ Lo^ <ljaLaJI ^[ ill I lOj CjUajl-i-^ nil biLh ^1 j-hj-b id-\ t_j^J -V>^' pLIjI 3-^'^ O-^ 

IVV 



jT^I ji>- 







>-Vl iji«Jl (_y3 (Grohmann) jU-Aj^i- LgJJb ^^^iJl ^-qJ^-^I i^^^^Jl iUiU 
CjLUjk>t^ idJucuJl 4jJL^-<>J1 ^U*jbU ^J>- AiuJ Jljj \ Lol ^l .CUfLi^l 

5ijj>-jjl ciJQj ^yfc oNl ^Ji>■ LgJ-P ^^^ 4_5Jl '^^^ <Pj.-*j>^lj . LjJJ Sijj»-j^l 

G. Bergstrofier, Plon eines Apparatus Crfticus zum Koran, Sitz.-Ber d. Bayer. Akad. d. ^1 (^ ^^"^J 

0. Pretal, Die ForifOhrung des Apparatus jJiJl aJJ ^^ Sj^U Wiss., Phil.-hist. Abt., 1930, H. 7. 

Critfcus zum Koran, ebenda, 1 934, H. 5. 

<tj-ajj^iiJI <^j ^Jle. J^\ ' 

Corpus Papyrorum Ra'meri, III, Series arabica, ed. Ad. Grohmann, Vindobonae MDCCCCXXIV. 

_ r'\'\ /\ 4^iL-VI <t^^^t ^ Arabische Schr/fr ((^^^1 Jo^i) '>ifj^ -v -^ f^' J^^' t^b ^^"^^^"^ 
Bergstrafier, Zur altesten Geschlchte der kufischer^ Schrifr, Zeitschrift des deutschen I ."^.Tj ; 1 > * 
^ . i ^1 -^ - M 1 I ■■■ •. frj_«J( ' ■> jj Vereins fur Buchwesen und Schriftentum (1910), p. 49 - 66. 
^ ^ ~ 1 - ~ - II ^UJ i'< II lljb ^ ^-s -.- ; ...vi >j .B. Morilz, Arabic Palaeography, Cairo 1905 

Landsdetl, Russian Central Asia, London, 1885, I, 582; Chauvin X Nr. 94; Bericht uber dre Kgt. 
Bibiiothek Petersburg, p. 346; MateriaHy... Statistica turkestanskago Kraja... ed. Maev. Ill, 401. 

;jlc oW <n't"i Hiftll (j^ ^Jt^~ •Ji'iC'l ^^J^^ 

1. H. Mdller, Pafdographische Beitrdge aus der herzogiichen Sammhng in Gotha, 1844. 

Palaeographical Society, Oriental Series, London 1 875 - 1 883; Silvester de Sacy, Pa/dographie 
unfVerseHe I, Paris 1 839. 

.Kuhnel, /s/amische Kieinkunst, BeHin 1925, p. 26 - 37 ^1 ^^J^' ■ a^i.^~ii Jj^j 



jl^i ^j-aj JO^ ~ • 

UJl 



^jj^H_j L-JUJI ^_^ l-Ji5J (^jNl 4jtjj*yi OjjjJl j^ d?-U^a-*Jl oJlS" i\ 

rt-^l j^wo c-Jj j^ oJU.?- ^yJl o^L:l»(_«JI ilsLJl a-j^jJI ^jjj>Ji j-p i^ilii^ 
. (lAV ^ dlJ^l ^r^O /•->'Nl iJLA jJLva-fl la;.,rtlL; t-i^^ Nj . «LijiCJl)) t-ij^^l 

Ai^^A*^ 4ia.....a Ij^^i^ ^JS' UjUaJlj tAjJi U^^Lp ^n.Jij ia:iJi iJu^ 5iJL:>wJi 
oJUfc ^^P-P ^i J_JaJo) «(^ c j c ^ t c:^ t c-)» ^-ijj^>Jl 4_Pj_^»-j>«-*J c « J c -L » 

*>(jLo Uaj^ «_p>» ;-iy»- ^rf^ (1)1^ '■^J-* J^^ t-ijjj>J\ ^;.'ajtJ j^^ *J 4_*jJl11\ 

^^ «-a i^*yi c_*l5Cij .^v^-ukJ1 j^ 4;sx:J e^U- <ij'j-| jia-vJl Jaj^ ^^^ «-5j <^-*^ 
A:>-jIjLa <jjljjj ^k...U ia>- ^JLc- a^ W^h_ »^^^Ij c L^jJu jl (Vrr*^^ >^ <>*Ij <^\ 



jT^i ^ 



b 



^ f^l IJLa j*yj .jJ>.^ (♦J>o- Oli GLp JJi; [^^ ti^Vi f-Ujjl ^_yJl (o^j 
^jI::^ cuNUjcLo-NIj o.jVl JS" ^ -laiJl rt^jl^ ^^^ V^ Aiyc* ^--JLtaJo 4jI;;^1 

(Ui^l^\ ^_jb ^^ iJj Ujl1£^ tL:Jli]l 0^1 JOu) ^t:uJl 3-^.o.H i^lyNl ^,jL' 



(^,r^y ^^. 



yJ JLJ) <LJt cul^ U li^U >-uJI ^ ^\ ^j >h .t^J L^ *^aJl j^->»M tjfjjl j^^l jjkUl ^'"'"^ 
SjjIjj ij-aLa-l > a 1/1 'tj ^l>i fc_iLualV (k-iLSJIj pLflJI dJj ^ jAllj 'j'jJ'j ("e-^J' ^-h'** ->±?*^ '^'^ '^^->f 

k_j,>Ly«T ^J^[ 1^ nii'i JjJI (J.^:a^ <t B i< ! lii. itj^a^ "i^lj-o <Jj^uClaJI <( ■> j< ft It ^^ ^ > t ^j uLA" (''"ifJ -TW aUJI 
<jLfU! ^ J-i-aJ C^J (jLiujJl (jiet ^_^ c>-^ SLaJ 0_>^ '^^-^^ '^J*^ JJ*^ <jIjlJI ^^ U>^' CiJli I "''j;ft '-^^ 



(Moritz) ^j-Jojj-« Lajj-s^ j-xJI ^^..^o^m ^.jlSs^I *l>«-*J Lgj>-ljjs^|j l^la->- J (j-;^^ 
^ o'>Ipi ^^i) (^j^«.>*Jl f*-:^*^^! J/^ fSJjiJ ,^_.j;SCiJ ^)Ujcu^ 015 (jJJl ^j^_j\^\ 

6^^ Ol5» <;l iJUwaJl ^>P ^^^'^^^(ijy.J .««oT^\ ljJLkp» -.djAi [ol5] t^^JusA!i 

<*-l^ c^Jj>Jl1 \jJSc^ ^/>' * **^ j^ ^^'j t'*^ c,^iSj ^i^UiJl ^^^;ju t^^jl^^l 

IsL^JJ J^^^^ JLP j-oj>s-<J I oJlA cJ-^aJj tjJjLJl ^^ia — II J I J-/aJ U GU' ^1 LJLa31 

J.>-1 j^^J^ ^^.J • ^-^U ^^^tr^ ^J-^ '*^ (J^ (^L>«-«j1 ^ f'^^lsA>») ;j>>li> ij—tfl j^^ 

iajJl IJlA (Karabacek) dJL^Ujlf ^i-^j f*^-^' Crt^ ^ ^jr^ t^ ^t^\j^\ 



1) 



.J tilt ^J JJi r<LuiiJ jj*^all ^ ^ 



aJJL (5^1 ^-r^^ ;>^ ^^y LS^J ' ^^ ^jjj^~^\ k- .^:S.oJl Cj Us ji2J^-<J 1 />Jil 

rr /r^ j rv i.Ni) t«i:Lj» /^ Nju (rr /rv ^^"^0 ((iij» ^wcJUftj «jii)) ^ 
oSi) t«j:;jLi» (.((pLpjlJD) t«u:>)) (rr/jTA o^o t«c^L-^» (rr /rv o^i) 

.^ ^ IIjIj ^] . ft> ..rtft ^ ujLi; j_^j .YT :N A ijf^l Sj>lo ^^^ 1/1 (Y (_^ .1 o ^_^ «J^^ 

.^Vl s>4 j-o: ij^ 2^1 j^ ^y^ [^ ^^^^^^ 

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^ aJJI .u^ Ji^l Jl ^bO iUli^l ^.Ixi^l Jl^:»l ^'''"''\«.^A^U=^1 ^\^)) 




jU Lm3a]I (^I 4JLJI JU^ J^-^l J^ '^l Jj^^ (>^^ '^Jjj^^ *^ L^l <^j-*J^ jlaJI 

cJjj^L) ajj:l$L*J1 t»i-5^L,A^i ^v^ a-s^lSLlSI oLjLx5C31 ^^ 3j^^ (.— -Lj Jii f^ijJl 

5:tUJl Oyr ^^^ Jr^^ (^1 ^ /^-"m -ia>Jl ^liS" j^ <^ OA^ ^JJl ^li oJ^l 
*-J^^I cUs^j tills ^;— ^ ^,jj • -^^ t s^:5^ji Ja>JL; ^jip-Lva^l 5jLS' ^^^Ip iili* 

jJL>*j JL?^ (_^l J^J .ii>«jl i-i^J ij^^^iS^-'a SJlS^J-a AjjL>e.?- O LU jJaJx-o /j-« ^ -^ 1 ^VJ 
^^^ <g^>T:Ulj iijLJI i^^^iaiJL <j^^lSUl ^«ip"lva-Jl ^y* Ljlill AP^^,<».>«-*Jl ^^i ^^laJl 

.i„S->.L4->atl Ia^_>L^ *-J!!ilik1 ejL iji^j alt iJliil ^>?JI ijl^j ^^i j.xi»^l j^j^j "VW (J^ AMt! ^>kjl ^ ^ 
^) JjVl S>JI ^ ^ <:l (> >i^ V «dUJ t> lac .jl^ lAi Lo ^ t^Li^l ^_^i^ ^ .LjU^JI iJiA ^'""^ '^ 



Jjj .^jJcJl Ja^L <j^^:;5la A^JuJl ^.45>- U^a-<J 1 ^ aISLj <Pj.<k-Px-a JL:^yj (Y* 

• Onv^ ^ o!>ui ^1) rvrr ^j ojlJi i.>L^ ^^^>^ j ^\ 



cA--^j p-Ufc_^l ijl^j ^^^^' (*-: ^j Sf-ljZll cjta*>Vp JL>-iij IAjjJj L^lji c-^ 

4JI ^^J^ ^1 ^ (^yr**:! tj^ iSjjiJ • JJ^^ ^j^ f-U-^l lj\::S <.o\^H\ ^y:^^^ <^J 

Ujb t^.,3i iaiJl 0015 ^■.■sA'lA^.l I ijU5Jl ^^ i_5*J .<^JuJl JliaJl /«iai ^ JjLl-^ 
lfr^.^a.1 iSj^^lj ipj-iJlj jl iaiJlj i^jjj>Jl 3;:;^ li-tJL?- Jjj . ll*^ 4js»^ /}^^ c5^ 

Palaeographical Society, Oriental Series, London, jAj:: 1 j 'i^ Sj^Ij 4-^ a .^I q^ ^.Tt ... /^ j^j^ ^^ ^ 

."l^ <^^,SAAA _ ^AVo 

.M ^ .Y 4^j.rA <5UJI (YY ^^1 ^U J^^i^) a^jUJI Jc^^ .^Ul ^'''^''' 



h\s^\ ^J us ilX] ^J.>*i U5 .SJL^lj <]3^ L^ *^UJij tol:J*^ lllU UJli^ 
^ • *Jj ojj.^il ^^iaJl) <ip^ ^j^ j' *• ^^ j^ A-UjJLj pliJlj L^:i^>tj ^j-^ ^liJl 

L^jj>-j 'S\j.^\ ^jUS" C-'lJb y>-l;U C!l*5j («^J t/j^lj-i*jl t^j^^;>«j| *Lj c-JiSo (^JJi 

^j . ^^-U a^jj (»-*^^ l.4..,^io ^ *-^^^^ cJu^ ^Ll^ oJj ^j .*'c5**^' 

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a:ujU ^UiJl llfcj .(o<\V ^ ^'0 (^* /A*^ o) ^1 ^U ^ ^^ ci^-^1 
iLSoLj)j ^^^-w-- ij-;'j (^ J ^, ^ -; ' \ ^j-**j>ejlj j^^^A^^l *w^i^! 1 ^ ' . . ) ^ -u-ijj ^1^1^ 

.ajb ^1 jjj) <uLi« Ji-L^. N*\ t^ <Y <^j .rA <5L5^I (W ^^oiil ^U ^j'a-.:.) «oL^^l vl:iS« *^Ut ^^"^^^^ 
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J>!1 ^L; 

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4:li1jj t^la,^!i J^ ^_yi <LJuJl J-*-p ^_^ ^^-j»- J-* *uJi^ ^'y" : ^k,^H J^ 
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A. Spitaler, D/e Verszdh/ung des Korun rxQzh ishmischer Uberliefervng, Sitz.-Ber. d. i""^^^) 

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YY ^ir tiY tY» MO ^^^ : (j.t>L_pVl 



VY^ 



Ijjttjl ^jl 



X iiLi^l t iTl Sprenger i^jJaJ^^ tjl^Jjl 

to* s\r* ,i\ H^* <.r* <:\\ cY^ 

J_— _J_j>i^ t Kosmographle) obj-j-j-o U 
'K^ <.rr :(Wustenfeld 

S^LiJl t4_JJLJLJI L_-_ftlj-^l . ^-.Nt U ; u 

tYY ^Y^ 'YY t ^i ^ W t U : ^YA^ 

idJLjk^ «^ I j^ ^_y3 J X^o t^*A toY tO* 

^_^^4ij p .l-.-* Liul jJaJl) t^jUtJl ^^ _ 

tY^ s^'\ t^A ,\x ^^v t^Y :(^':A__*.Vi 

\o tYM to-^ tYT ^or to^ tYY <i i^ 

iWiistenfeld (Jt^ixj t<SC* ?cjjl^ 'tl^L^' twJai 
(YU) ^<K^ cY^r 

J^^J^.^ < (^:>uVi ^^ ^0 ^.OiJi 

i * i Sprenger 

t^j_L*Jl 5_p^j_->*j^ tJL..».j>wo jj-j-L-5l JL*^ 

tia ^r ,x ,iix : ^r^r 4,-.,w-,w,,.;iM 
no tnr ^^i ti*\» ^Yr tin ^a 



< jT^i ^,-Uj t^j-liJi (,-^1^1 ^>j ^ 

(^*!Ap^1 l/^j^ j^O i * *^ Sprenger Js»_^ia>t^ 

-ly/i Warn, j-b*^ Jp^^ki^ < (|»*>U^I 
t Y * : Ahlwardt = (Arnold) ^JJlj(_<JI t o^:;.p 

^ro tYiA tir 

^^ jiaJl) 4>*:>Jl t-jllS" tjj^ ^1 t^_^jUJl 

•^n <:\*c,w ,^rA ^ta ^-^yo :(^t>uSli 

^;...tf:ll j\ <--Xll «-Jli^ t^jljJl (^^"J^l j^ 

j^\) ^YA^.^Yv^ j^_^ t.i^U c^^i 

tY£ ^Yo t^o nv tU :(^L^Vl^^ 

^r^» tTYY 'YYV tV^ <:\r* ii\ no 

iibj^ ^\y> ^j ^X'\ t oTT 

^j.-j-^ (^jJ Fabricius < tijljJl O^.-J^l ^r^^ 

Berlin ^^^ .^jl^ ojj_^ <: io'\ ^_^L>J_p jj^j 



i) TV cod. sim. or. 

tOYA ^TYl ttYo txi<\ tr^* 



^^\j^ ^j 



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(-!^l ^1 < 



VAT tW^ ^^* cr* <:A\ tY^ :^j^UJl 

VTT 



i oJl jt^l.i^ »ll ij^y^ 



\ \ : VollersJ_;-ij>tj toljji tj_^-,_«»JL 



Vn tYoV 



^J^r^ '(J- 



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(_H 



J^.J^. 



ur^' (_H 



^1) [U^' _ U'^ Uj_^L5 tMatthews 
^«_^lj-. ^j 0. cYY ^n tY^ ^Yo ,\o 



jr-^ <J t/*-^^ t^^l^l ^,^V ^>; J-^^x^ 
^^./fjJ (_5-^ dJ—LJI L.lj_ft tJuLp Jl.*.j><_« 

djUljJJl iiiJ j_^ j„^1 t-jLiS" Jbrj [»^1^ 
: Y ^ ^Y Ms. or. oct, j^j-> l^j^isJ*^ t^^-ljJI 

Ao'\ tO'W 
\YYo tnVV :|.LlJ(i>la^ .Jj^ijju.^ 

i^\j^ Ji>jJa>t* < (_^l^j.«j| Jj..;.lfl...ui i9jja>t* 

VYA jiJlp 4-J-U jJ 1 4_;JlSL<J1 ^^^^-^jjU l^j 1^4. ^ 

lAY : [jTy] 
t ^ . , iv- : [jT^] r » \ ^^ i^jJa^k^ 



OJljJ (Apologie) t . . .j_^.«-iL^I ^\ ?t-,ww*Jl 

tttA tYA tY^ UiV : UAO J UA' 

o^» tO^^ co-^n ,orA tro t^U 

^AA« Li tt^JiJl^ j-iv«: tjljjjJl tJLJj:^ 

^^r cY' ?n : (|.!>Lp\i ^^^^Ji_;0 
ro ,Y^v ^uo ,r^ 

C. ;>-.l>^ Dr. A. Huber 'aSjS ^ t jl^^jJl _ 
^^^ g > ^ U :\) ^A^^ O-J-jN t Brockelamnn 
^nio tUV t^»^ t^^^n iTo :(^^L_p'^l 

^ro .YnA ^vi tYov <t\*\r cYW 

^^ g e^ h ;i) UA» o'^j-^ t-i>^' i- 
<:MW tio c<\r .r^ ^01 tYV :(j.!)U'Nl 
^_5 ij iM to^o aU iUA ,\y\ 

^•0 ,oiA :(^^U\l 
tY^ ton tYr I'^t t ^ Wetzstein i^^^Ja.;^ 

00 <:\o^ ,iw nr» tn ^^» tt* ^no 



idJbix-a 



(^'j^ C/*-? 



^i~^_M tWright J-.i^" tJ^liUl o^^l 
: ^r»A Sy^UJl ^ ^ SiUI nA<\Y .^Ali 
iA« 'Yoo tVA nVV ^o^ nv t\Y 

n»\i .Y^v ^'^'^n t^-^r tY^t ^Y^Y 
4iJbix-a >t-^ij^ ^j ^♦Y♦ 4^'^o tY^A 



vrr 



jlj-Sli ^^b 



TTA tUV 

rn <.iAi : [jiyjrn ^^ i.>^ 

y\r iiAX : [jT^] ru ^^ i.>^ 

Yw ,iAi ^Tu t^r i ^or 
^oT <.iy\ : [jly] ro* ^^ i^j^k^ 

^roT t^vT : [jT^] roY ^^, Jhy}:ij^ 
^ao tiA* aw 

Y\o ttA^ : [jIy]roo ^^ i,>^ 

Y ^ tUt : [ jly] ro*\ ^^ i:>>^ 

Y^A tiAY : [jTy] ro^ ^^ i^^^kk- 
iVV : [ji^] r*\Y ^^ i»>^ 

M^ civi : [ji^] rnr ^^ i.>:;w- 

Y«A tUY : [jlyimt ^^ i»>^ 
tilt: L^I^ ii^] t Y « j^^^ JpjJa^i^ 

Uo 

^ < OVA ^^_ l>j}aJ^ 



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^ wr tivi : [jI^]r»o j^^^ i^^j-k^^ 

^Y»r tY*Y aA^ ^UY tiVA ^VV 

Yrv ,iAv ^Yrr tUi 

U' civ» : [jTy] r»i ^^ k>^ 

tv<\ ctoi : [jT^] r«v ^^ k^^Ja^^ 

Y»A 4UY 
^UY tiVA : [jT^lr'A ^^ k^^Ja-i^ 

Yn iiAi 

^o» ttv* : [jT/]r»^ jj^ i>>^ 

Yrv tUv : [ji^]r^» ^y kj^k^ 

t^A* av^ : [jT^ir^r ^^kjj^^w- 

Y^o tiAt iY*V aAY ^ ^<\<\ 

cUo av^ : [oT^]r^t ^^^ k^ki^ 

YY* 

^ • 1 1 V * : [ jT^] r ^ o ^^ k^^k;^ 

^Y\o iiAi : [jT^lrM ^^^ k^k^k^ 

YYY tiAo 
Y^o tUt : [jTylr^V ^^ k>^ 

tvv : [jTy] rYr ^^ k>^ 

YO Li Ay : [jly] rYo ^^ k^^ia^ 
Y»A tiAY : [jTy]rYV ^^ k>^ 
UY iHA ; [jTy] rYA ^^^ k>^ 

cU<\ av^ : [jT^] rr\ ^^ kjji^^ 

YtV 

tvv : [^\J^ rrr ^^ k>^ 
YrA ,iAy : [jTy] rro ^^ k>^ 
wr c tvi : [jTy] rrv ^^ k>^ 



VTi 



a4j >*j» j^Lo-*j) i^>-^ 



VA ao-\ : [jly] nr L-y^ i^^^kk^ 
<.tjjyj>^\ j^l *\o < Moller LJj_p 1>j la >»-* 

t^jJ:>Jl ^l < <-> r » <\ A. F. Li iajla:^- 

nn A. F. 377 c = Flugel Ll^ ^^^^2..^^ 

< N. F. 1 2 LwJ jgj la -^t^ LL-J i^jja^^twa 

i-^^j^ jljJ] Ser. Nova 4742 L-J -WjJaJ^-A 
U A t i V » : [Karabacek Ul.! ^I 

(_$j^l < Land berg 40 isjJaix^ 
^ ^_^^^.JJ t-)b5^] TiT Londberg is^^iai^-* 

^r^ t^r* c^To cT-w nrr t u» 

<Warn, 2 Gol.< TVr jJ^^V ^j ^ ^.-^ 
*\AA 4<^A1 c'^AT tT\r ^<^T\ 



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ijLp 



< Petermann 

Petermann 
Sprenger Jsjjaj^ < Sprenger ^j^^ isjiai^^ 
]s>jJta.,Jt^^ < Wetzstein ^j— r-'j— ; ^j-^a->T—a 

Wetzstein 

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\\V*\ t-^'^o nM* t"\or : 

*\<\*\ nAi 

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t iV » : [^j-S" jT^] i T V L'jJ. ipj_k^i^ 

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iV<^ : [jTy] iiT Uy. ip>^ 

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A*r tUY ^YY'^ 

t(^jj_>Jl ^2r-;' *^ '^^^ Sprenger J^^^Ja-jiw* 

^\ 

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j.-w-,.^ ^ ^^j-^n t • t Sprenger i? j la -5^^ 

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nAt tnV<\ ,\o<{ nVV 
^^ ^_yUJ jl^l jy^] i ' "^ Sprenger ^ykA>^ 

ttY-; itYv ttYo tr^r tVYY ^y^ 
-^n cr<\A 'TY'^ 

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j_jjL*iJ( < i * ^ Sprenger JsjJa^.^ 

^^^1 < if^ Sprenger J? j]a><^ 

^J\^\ < M ^\ Wetzstein ^jia^ 

Y ^ <\ t "\<\ : [^^«-l.!>0] ^>:..>.Jt 

Les prairies d'or, texte et = ^^ ai !l 

traduction par C. Barbier de Meynard et 

J jjl J tfrlj ?-l ^ t Pavet de Courteille, 

i.\\\ i.\M c^<\Y t-\Y ^ ^A^ t^^ ^rr 

M. J. de J-^i^^' t.^\^^\j ^^r^\ ^L^- 
t W :A t^jj«Jl <ji\jk=^\ i-i^UJl t Goeje 

u^ i.w <rrr 

tO*\^ : Amedroz ,J-.i>tJ tujjL>J t 4_) j5L-wo 



: Vb\J j-_'-^^'^ Warn, lor jJu^ i^jlu^w* 

t vr tTi* tv<\ not tn nYr ^r^ 
^j '^^o <^^r tY«i ^aai t^^v trv<\ 

<-JL-La ^j^] Worn. Wl oJj^ ^jJai^ 
jlp /w) Juj>t^ "jj j^<u»J ^j*.>>lj>tj| -ill ijL^ /j« 
WV .YV ; [(|»%pSfl ^^ >JI) ^IXJI 
j_P Y^i tAo tYAt tAt nAI tO^ toj 

\*l tTi :n Gol. oJb*y i._jk^ 
nAl : [jly] Y ^_ylk.^l ui>^l i.>^ 

t "lA^ : [01^] ^d.^j-. jj jjt^lj-^ ^jJaJ^-a 

uvr ti<\r ^n<\« t uoA 

J A < yci<\ tPetermann 1 ]gj U ^ « 

OW i^y^ : ro<\ tPetermonnl i»_jia^ 
j_yjc*-i j^.,^4j] ooT cPetermonn 1 igj,U-^ 
tY£<\ ^Y^ tYir Mol tn : [jl^ 5 M 

tr>A ttYi ^rn cr^o cVyt ^a 

iiJb>«^ *->lj^ ^j fY • 
^ ytLiJi JL^] 00 tPetermann 1 Js»jiajix-o 

0^ cYo. <:\>io cYYY ^ n-\ t£^ 
: [jl^l ^_>..>J7] W t Petermonn 2 J^jia-i*-* 

cYo* tVA cYU ^.r^ tto ctr tYtv 
r<\r tr<\Y ctrA ^oo 

. /j_j|] W Sprenger i^jJai^r^ 



c"\^: [, 



A'\ * t ^ ^T : Y • V Sprenger J^^iaj^ 

vn 



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toA^ ^TV^ tHV : (^^uVl^^>Jl) 
^•<\^ iMa ^.hXi 

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tViA to»v ^.r\\ to»t iY'\r to- 

^^j ^j nA^ tO*\t iO^A tO^V tVH 

rVT tTV^ t^V : OVA ^^ 

i-^r t ^0^ niv t uv ttr tT» 
^^ij__.^j ^n .a ^o-^ err ^n 

J5U^j JiJ^l iijIJLo tol^^l jjl c^a-,Jl 

,\\\ ^r*\t tAo ^A^ :(^^>L^'N1 ^^-s_i 

^j Txr ^v»^ t m ^oYv t u<\ aw 

MA i S'W : UA* 

vrv 



^M tTT a*\ .r^ :(^^Nl^^^l) 

,^^j ui ta t^A err <:r\ <:o^ ,yr 

iX t T • : de Goeje (J;ji>tJ t jJ jJ I j^ (Jl** 

J_--4j>tJ t Livre de la Creation et de I'Histoire 
CI. Huart (Publications de I'Ecole des 
langues orientates vivantes, Paris 1899- 

lA^ a 'A <:r^ <.\A :1903) 

^^Yo tr^ : Thorbecke J-i>J t^ijLJL^i^l 
^•A ^rVT t ^ •• 

de J ; ■a_->»-J t Descriptio imperii Moslemici 
tVT^ tO'\*\ ioT*^ :T i n*^ t Goeje 

[Kdmpfe und *-^Lj>^1j f-lj-Jl t (^^ jj jXoJ I 
: ^AAA jJbN G. Vos (3-A>iJ t Streitigkelten] 

t.A.^.>^j-jl t^ - : -. 5 .. U L^Ug ^1 ^^ ^^y^ 

.rV^ tMV : OVA ^^ isj^ki^ t^JLNl 
tO"\*\ n»A coM ^o<\V iOn ^TVY 
^jV^A tO'\<\ cv*r ionv ^o-^V <:^^i 



fL^\yt 



<J Ujip J J jJ J 4-lla*-i I J* jJai^t-a c " ,-.^-"1 1 _ 



l^^l ^jl 



t ^ A *l L; jiCiS" 4-jlCo t A. V. Kremer J-ij>tJ 
(Muhammed in Medina} o^f-.di:>*» iJLJl iitJs 
piJl) UAY ^^^ tWellhausen L*J^1 
^Yr ^or tYY ^YV ;^o : (^^uSfl ^^ 
(;;-^^>-^5^J ^'^ '^^ ^'^^ ^''"^ ^^*^ '^^ 

c Wustenfeld iJ-i>*J tjlJiiJl (♦-^tj*^ tc^L 
Ubi,^ *-^lj^ (^j U^ t^o vU* 

coiA nn coH <rr au t^uijNi- 



: i *Y' Sprenger i?^^Ja:i^ t jl^l iJuj*- k_-ibl 

UAi tio'^ tVAv trrn 

^^pgi jJaJl) Wustenfeld ^J^^^^tJ t^^JL^I _ 
U tYn ^UY ar aA tY^ :(|.!>LpN| 



rr tUA 



r^'^" 



Warner. 2 YVt jJuN I^j-k^^i^ t^;^_J^JJI 
cm ^Y*l tYAo nA» cYA* :Gol. 

TAV .TAQ 
i—oLi-jj jlj-aJl *w-^lj-P t^^_j.-»»L]l ^^^jjjL-wJJI 

no <.\\ : (j^-iuSii ^^^ ^1^0 \ry \ 

^ViY tOVY nv^ ciVI SYAO tAt 

4^JLI>^ a-^ \yi j_jd J ^ Af t *! ^ "^ 
J. A_LL?- i.\A\\ JJLjM i?j la -^^-^ tt3jj-J- 

t i A : Islamica 2 (1 926) iJU*-- ^_^ Schacht 

JjjjJl ^Lw^l ,^yL-»Lft ^^Jl^ c ^j,.,.,.-'^»_1 \j 

^jJL;l5 c^.... -,,„.N ^Vr-^ Sprenger <i\\ 
^j^ jJa^O Y'^1 ij>tjL^ Neumann J-J^^^J 

aY^ cU^ ^rAo ,*\l ^Al :(^^\ pNi 

4iJL::^,^ a-^ I j^ ^ j Y ^ n i Y 



VTA 



Jwj-Ujf-Vl j^Lsa-Jl ij^j4^ 



Acta Apostolorum (J-^^l JU^I): 63, 
199; 218, 1022 

Adier, J. G. Ch., Descriptio codd. Quor- 
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- Verzeichnis der arabischen Hand- 
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Alexanderlegende, syrische, ed. E. W. 
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Anecdote syriaca, ed. J. P. N, Land: 87, 
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Apokalypse Abraham (^.-wftl^l Ljjj): 
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Apokalypse Baruch (^jjU ^Jj)- 63, 
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Apokalypse Daniel (jLJii ^Jj)'- 126, 
517 



Apokalypse Esdrae (\jJ^\ ^Jjh 25 

Apokalypse Johannis (b^j^ IjJj): 32, 

96; 33, 99; 73, 234 

Apokalypse Sophonias (Ua^ L.jj): 122, 

489 

Apokryphe Evangelien J-^s-_?-L-J*yi) 

(^^1: 9 

Arrhian: 126,517 

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V1^ 



jT^l ^^L- 



- Papyri Schott- Reinhardt, Heidelberg 
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559, 650; 576, 767; 585, 809, 811, 
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vr 



^h.rf_jJ«J^ Jl i jj 



ur>^ 



689 i^j^\ jW>ij^ J J 

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VVA 



,H^Vl (.^Vl ^j^ 



Ahlwardt, W.: 40, 125; 268, 135; 462; 

111; 556, 640; 648, 1105 c^* ^i) 

(j:>lA\ 

Andrae, T.: 313, 277; 430 ^ ^l) 

Arnold, Th,: 268, 135; 432 
Baluainivlliers 4, 4 (jjUall c--^ ^1) 
Barsalibi, DIonysios: 541; 543, 584 

Barthelemy, E.: 171, 736 

Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaf- 
ten: 677f.; 699 

BergstraPer, G.: 446, 22; 545, 590; 
549, 509; 576, 767; 585, 809, 811; 
605, 908; 613, 966; 614, 968; 624, 
1007; 633; 633, 1021 , 1022; 634; 638, 
1055; 648, 1108; 656, 1159; 664, 
1207; 677; 678, 1228; 699, 1285 

Bethge, Fr: 313 (jjUzII oJ ^I) 

Brunnow, R.: 40, 127 

Brockelmann, C: 69, 221; 326, 329; 

345; 358, 450; 365; 443, 2 

Buhl, F.: 66,21 1; 90, 324; 422 ^ >jl) 

Caetani, L: 52, 175; 63, 199; 71, 227; 



90; 91; 149; 150,657; 161, 689; 313; 
345; 412; 423; 497, 273 ^ >l) 

Carlyle, T.: 4, 4 

Caussin de Perceval, A. P.: 71, 227 ; 

415 ;423 (jjUil ^ jl^\) 

Dozy, R. P. A.: 75, 242; 366; 41 1 ; 41 9 

De Goeje: 20, 43; 74, 236; 127, 518 

De Sacy: 34, 103; 462; 463; 660 

Efrem: 9, 14 (10); 100, 372 (101) 

Erpe, Thomas van (Erpenius): 381 , 542 

Eusebius: 9, 14(10) 

Ewald, H.: 3, 3; 34, 104; 68, 217 

Fell, W.: 395, 627 

Fischer, A.: 228, 1080; 427, 760 

Fleischer, H. O.: 14, 19; 16, 30; 171, 

736; 395; 669 

Fraenkel, S.: 20, 43 ; 29, 82; 126, 517 

Gagnier, J. : 415; 423 (jjUII oJ >:1) 

Geiger, A.: 7, 10; 102; 137, 568; 424; 

432 (jjUII <^ JC\) 

Gerock, K. F.: 424 

Goldziher, I.: 11; 91; 102; 111, 417; 

114,437; 126,517; 163, 695; 237, 2; 



VVS 



J\j2l\ ^^L- 



322, 310; 345; 366; 411; 413; 423 
443, 1 , 2; 448, 35; 497, 273; 500; 504 
506; 514; 518; 519; 524; 538, 566 
548, 604; 549, 611; 590, 841; 633 
635, 1033 0:.UH ^ j^\) 
Grimme, H.: 66, 21 1 ; 67; 90, 324; 420 

Grunert, M.: 40, 127; 475, 170; 475, 

170; 478, 178 

Grohmann, A.: 678 

Hammer, J.: 4, 4; 53, 178; 266 

Haas, Hans: 414,714 

HauP leiter, H.: 667 

Hirechfeld, H.: 27, 71 ; 68; 74; 86, 404; 

112, 430; 118; 125; 208, 941; 308; 

313; 424; 427 (j^Ull ^ >;0 

Hettinger, J. H.: 414 (jiUill <z^ j^\) 

Houtsma, M. Th.: 52, 174; 244, 25 

Huart, M. Clement : 18 

Jeffery, A.: 667 

Jong, P. de: 360, 455 

Juynboll, Th. W.: 239, 9; 261, 91; 352, 

422 

Karabacek, J. v.: 470, 148; 486, 230; 

681 (jiUill oJ >jO 

Kasimirski: 433, 778 

Kowalski, Th.: 406, 685 

Krehl, L: 369, 490; 419 

Lammens, H. SJ.: 152, 664; 237; 380; 

413; 428 (j:.Uil ^ J^\) 

Leszynsky, R.: 428 

Margoliouth, D. S.: 422; 470, 149 >!) 

Marracci, L: 414; 431 (j:>Ull oJ j^\) 
Mauricius: 134 



Meyer, E.: 342; 429 (j.jUil c^ >:)) 
Muir, W.: 66; 70; 71; 71, 227; 90; 92; 
94; 96; 97; 111; 114, 438; 155, 671; 
157, 677; 410; 418 O^Ull o^' J^\) 
Muller, A.: 86; 420; 429; 433 ^ J^\) 

Muller, D. H.: 40; 86; 114 c^ >!) 

Muller, Joh.: 25 

Noldeke, Th.: 7, 11; 18; 91, 328; 126, 
517; 127, 518; 152, 665; 263, 104; 
288, 217a; 303; 313; 378, 534; 406, 
684; 412; 419; 479, 186, 187; 491, 
254; 509, 366; 543, 584; 573 cJ; J^\) 

Obbink, H. Th.: 426f. 

Palmer, E. H.: 433, 778 

Pautz, O.: 20, 40; 426 

V. Ranke, L: 419 (j^Ull c^ >;l) 

PIsareff, S.: 448, 35 

Reland, H.: 414 

Renan, E,: 4, 4 

Roberts, R.: 427 

Rodwell, J. M.: 433, 778 

Ruckert, F.: 86, 299; 110, 416; 118, 

468; 124, 504; 139; 143, 616; 433; 

433, 776 O^Ull o-i >;0 

Sachau, E.: 249, 44; 345; 531 ^ >;!) 

Sale, G.: 121, 487; 432; 433 <^ >;i) 

Schachner, A,: 546, 594 
Schapiro, I.: 424 (j:>Uii c^ >jl) 
Schulthep, F.: 18, 31, 92; 33, 100; 444, 
6 



VA 



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Schwally, F.: 10, 14; 21, 44; 82, 279; 
111,418;114,437;241, 14; 600 
Smith, J.: 429 

Snouck Hurgronje, Ch.: 4, 4; 66, 211; 
91, 327; 109, 402; 136; 159, 681; 424 

Sommer, R.: 24 

Sperber, J.: 356 

Sprenger, A.: 10; 15; 16; 17; 21; 26; 

30; 73; 89; 90; 156, 674; 237, 3; 243, 

21; 245, 26, 27; 256, 73; 304; 313; 

377; 386; 410; 416; 417; 423 ^ Ji6\) 

TaSkopruzade: 266; 273, 151; 443, 2 

Torrey, Ch.: 427; 553 (j:^lA\ oJ >iO 
Ullmann, L: 432 



Vollers, K.: 30, 36, 1 1 7; 476, 1 70; 575, 

760 

Wahl, S. F. G.: 432 

Weil, G.: 23; 26; 44; 58; 66, 213; 71, 

227; 73, 74, 237; 88; 95; 97; 1 1 1 , 419; 

112, 430; 115, 443; 118; 122; 122, 

491; 123; 132; 135; 137; 313; 314; 

316; 319; 415; 432 0:>Uil oJ J^\) 

Wellhausen, J,: 8, 12; 15; 51, 172; 70, 

224; 79, 261; 104,382; 119,471; 128, 

51 9; 1 50, 659; 1 52, 665; 256, 74; 356; 

426; 430 (j:>lA\ ^ >;i) 

Wensinck, A. J,: 158, 677; 427; 497, 

273 0:>Ull ^ j^\) 

Wherry, E. M.: 432, 769 

Wright, W.: 34, 104; 35, 106; 76, 245; 

126, 517; 470, 151 



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^itA tO^A to^*; 
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tr* <r\ t ^r _ > i-^n 

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tO"\to-\tOOtot_Ui ^l_Ui Sjj— . 

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<\V iAY 
ttV tOY* tow _ '^ M ♦^^ 

vrr <.\v* _ t : ^ * ^ 



Aro 



<[j^lse^\ i^^J-^ 



VII Vonvort 

IX jii \ ..nT 

XI ^j*J' i*jj-yJI XaSaa 

XXV yl::Sai JUal-I J.^^ Cj\ia>-^ 

XXXI 4JWI ;*JaJLl j/i\ h^\ ^y \^ ^1 aAl^\ 

XXXIII jiUJii-lia 

XXXV jjSii .^>>Ji ^ ;pjuji j^i ^^> 

^ ot>l J^t ^ : JjVi o^l 

^ i/^j^^j J^>^ *^^ t/ - ^ 

X 4.<>.^lnJ j^L,-a>» . LJ JUj>«-« (1 

T* ju>«^ oliJu (jJUl (_j^^i J^ (i-^ 

or %^jkJ\ jT^l ..i>^1 J-^1 ^. Y 

^^ JUJI ljT^ ^ij:>^! A 

n ^ ;XJ1 jyJ^\ C\ 

^K JjSf \ljj^\ jy^ 

\ • V^^ S^l jj->* 

^ Y A ^JliJI 5^1 j^ 

^ i A aIjJuJI jj-Jl (c^ 

Y^ • jujx^ Jl cy^' ^ jij^t <u..*iLo ^f u . c-* 

AT"! 



YVr jT^I ^^ : ^liJl <.y^\ 

YVd ajuJIa 

trv ^1 j^i^^^ 

t i* ^y^^i j^Up^ jt ^0^^^ j^ *j'^' ,^^-- ^ 

TiY ^jSlI pUUJi oip i^^i lS\y^\ 5iycJl 

t if l^yi^j^S ^«*JI^ 0lp^^«J>Ji . t 

Yir olyiU IJL-U- cjUpLj JU- 

t f\ Jj^l c^lJ J. Jbj ^^ . i 

Y i n sosUJl ^elj^l . 1 

\i\ Ubix^l oLIj^l . ^ 

TOY ^^b^l ^ . ^ 

Yon \^y^Jiji^ t^J*^^ APj^^J^i JSCJ. .i 

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