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Full text of "The anatomy of melancholy : what it is, with all the kinds causes, symptomes, prognostickes, & seuerall cures of it ; in three partitions, with their severall sections, members & subsections ; philosophically, medicinally, historically, opened & cut up"




Anl\tomt of 


ifuJ\mi.5 cau6C6, 

In fkree Parfifions wifk fkeir ,severall 
Sc^ions, members ¥sC subficftions , 

(pcmucnim ^uni^or^ . 

J Q i(urt)e ^I'-li^m , corr^^^ atu) 
au^menfci) ^ 4(u <^Jluik<n^ . 












Mnkis ^ominibus Ohferuando. 






l>emocritu4 luniorad Lihrum fuum. 

"VTade \Ahtx^qmli4y non aufum dicere/alix^ 
^ - Te nifi foelicem fecerit Alma dies. 
Vadc tain^n quocunq- lubec, quafcunq^ per oraS;» 

Et Domini facimiteretui. 

I blandas inter Charites, myftamq- faluta 

Mufarum quemvis,fi tibi kvflor erit» 
Rura fTolas, vrbcm^ fubeafue palatia Rcgum, 

SubmilTc) placid c, te fine dente geras*. 
Nobilis , aut n quis te forte infpexcrit heroSj 

Da tc morigei'um, perlegat vfque lubet. 
Eft quod nobilitas,cft quod defidcret heros, 
Gratior hxc forfan charta placere poteft. 
Si quis morofus Ca.to , tetricufque Senator, 

Hunc etiam librum forte videre velit, 
Siue magiftratus, turn te reueremcr habeto, 

Sed nullus, mufcas mn ca^iunt AquiU, 
Non vacat his tempus fugitivum impendere nugisv, 

Nec tales cupio,par mihi ledor crit. 
Si Matrona grauis cafu diuejrtcrit iftuc, 

Illuftris domina aut tejComitifla legat; 
Eft quod difpUceat, placeat quod forfitan illis, 

Ingeterehis noli te modd, pande tamen. 
At fi virgo tuas dignabitur indyta chartas 
TangcrCjiiue fchcdis ha?a'eat ilia tuis.-^ 
Damodo te facilem5& quasdam folia efle memento^ 

Conven^iant oculis quae^iiiagis apta fuis. 
Si gcnerofa an cilia tuos aut alma - puella 
Vifura eft ludos^annue, pandc lubens. 
Die vtinam nunc ipfe meus * ( nam diligit iftas) 

In praefcns efTet confpiciendus herus. 
Ignotus notulue mini de gente togata^ ^^^^ 

Siue aget in ludis, pulpita fiue colet, »aie capias, 

Siue in Lyc2eo,& nugas evolu^rit iftas, 

Si quafdam mendas viderit inlpiciens. 
Da veniam AuchDri,diccs,nam plurima vellet 

Expurigi, quae iam difplicuifte fciat* 
Siue Melancholicus quifquam/eublandusAmatof^ 

Aulicus aut Ciuis,leu bene Comptus cques 
Hue appellat, age & tuto tc crcde legenti, 
Multa ifticforfan non malenataleget. 
^od fiigeat, caueat, quodque amplexabitur, ifta 

Pagina fortaftis promerc multa poteft^ 
Atfi quis Medicus coram te fiftet, amice 
Fac circumlpecle, & te fine labe geras: 
Inveniet namq; ipfe mcis quoq; plurima Tcriptis^ 
Non leve fubfidium quse fibi forfan crunt , 
3 * * Si . 

Si quis Caulidicus chartas impingat in iftas, 

Nil mihi vobifcunij peflima rurba vale. 
Sit nifi vir bonus, & iuris fine fraude peritus^ 

Turn legat, & forfan dodior inde fier. 
iSi quis Gordatus, facilis, le(ftorquc bcnignus 

Hue oculos vcrrat,qua* velit ipfe Icgat, 
Candidas ignofcet,metuas niljpande libenter, 

Offcnfus mcndis non eritille tuis, 
- Laudabit nonnulla. Vcnit fi Rhetor ineptus ^ 

Limata & terfa, & qui bene coda petit, 
Claude citus libtum,nulla hie nifi fcrrea verba, 

OfFcndunt ftomaehum quse miniis apta>foum. 
At fi quis non eximius de plebe poeta^ 

Annue, namquc iftic plurima fida iegct. 
Nos fiimus e num^ro, nullus mihi fpirat Apollo, 

Grandiloloquus Vates quilibet efle nequit. 
Si Criticus icdov^ tumidus Cenforque moleftus, 

z<>/7//f & (J^<>w«^, fi rabiofa cohors.- 
Ringejfreme5& noli turn pandere, turba malignis 

Si oeeurrat fannis invidiofa fuis: 
Fae fugias, fi nulla tibi fit eopia eundi, 

Contemnes, tacit^ fcommata qua?que feres» 
Frendeat, allairet,vacuasgannitibus auras 
Impleat, baud cures,his placuifle nefas. 
Verum age fi forfan divertat purior hofpes^ 

CuiqUc faleS5ludi,djfpliceantquc joci, 
Dbijeiatque tibi fordes, lafeiuaque.* diees, 
Lafciua eft Domino & Mufa iocofa tuo, 
N ec lafciua tamen, fi penfitet bmne,fed efto. 

Sit lafciua licet fagina^ vitafr'o^acfi. 
Barbarus, indo^ufque rudis fpedlator in iftam 

Siroelfemintrudat, fufte fugabis eum, 
Fungum pclle procul (iubeo jnam quid mihi fUngo^ 

Conveniunt ftomacho non miniis ifta fuo, 
Sed nec pclle tamen^ teo omnes accipe vultu, 
^os, quas, vel quales,inde vel vnde viros. 
Gratus erit quicunque venit, gratilfimus hofpcs 

^ifquis erit, faeilis diffieilifque mihi. 
Nam ificulparitj qusedam culpafle juvabit, 

Culpando faeiet me meliora fcqui- 
Sed fi laudarit, nequc laudibus efFerar vUis, 

Sit fatis hifce malisoppofuiffe bonum. 
H^cfuntqusenoftro plaeuit mandate libellOj 
£t qua? dimittens dicere iuiUc Herus^ 

The Authors MftraH of Mdancholjy a/,x^;««V. 

When I goe mufing all alone, 
Thinking of diuerfc things fore-known. 
When I biiilde Caftles in the aire, ^ 
Voideof forrow and voide of feare, 
Pleafmg my felfe with phantafmes fweete.^ 
Me thinkes the time runncs very flcete. 
All my ioycs to this are folly, 
Naught fo fwecteas Melancholy. 
When I lie waking all alone, 
Recounting what I haue ill done. 
My thoughts on me then ty rannife^ 
Feare and forrow mc furprife. 
Whether I tarry ftill or goe, 
Me thinkes the time goes very floci 
All my gricfes to this are jolly. 
Naught fo fad as Melancholy. 
When to my felfe I ad and fmile. 
With pleafing thoughts the time beguile^ 
By a brooke fide or wood fo greene, 
Vnheard, vnfought for, or vnfecne, 
A thoufand plcafures doe me blefTe, 
And crownemy foule with happinelfe* 
All my ioyes befides are folly. 
None fo fweete as Melancholy. 
\Vhen I lie, fit, or walke alorlc, 
I figh, I gricue, making great moane, 
Inadarkegroue, orirkclome denne. 
With difcontentes and Furies then, 
A thoufand miferics at once, 
Mine hc*my heart and foule enfconce. 
AU ray griefes to this arc iolly, 
None io foure as Melancholy. 
Me thinkes I hearc, me thinkes I fee^ 
Sweetc muficke, wondrous melodic, 
Townes,paIaces and Citties fine, 
Here now, then there, the world is mine^ 
Rare Beuties,gallant Ladies fhinc. 
What e're isloucly or divine. 
All other ioyes to this are folly j 
None fo fweete as Melancholy. 
Me thinkes I licare, me thinkes I fee 
Ghofles,goblins,fcindes, my phantafie 
Prcfcnts a thoufand vgly fhapes, 
HeadleiTe beares, blackemen and apeS; 
Dolefull outcries,and fcarefull fightes^ 
My fad and difmall foule affrightcs. 
Allmygriefestothis are iolly, 
NonefQdamn'de as Melancholy. 

** f. Me 

Me thinkes I court, me thinkes I kiffe. 
Me thinkes I now embraee my Miftris. 

blefled daycSjO fweete content, 
in Paradife my time is fpcnt. 

Such thoughts may ftill my fancy mdue. 
Let me not die, but liue in loue\ 
All my joycs to this are folly. 
Naught fo fweete as Melancholy. 
When I recount loues many frightes, 
My fighes and tcares, my waking nightes. 
My jelous fitsj 6 mine hard fate, 

1 now repent, but*tis too late. 
No torment is fo bad as loue. 
So bitter to my foule can proue. 

All my greifcs to this are iolly, 
Naught fo harfli as Melancholy. 
Friends and Companions get you gone, 
Tis my dcfire to be alone, 
Ne're well but when my thoughts and I, 
Doedomineir in priuacie. . 
No Gemme, no treafure like to this^ 
*Tis my delight, my Crowne,my bliffc. 
All my joyes to this are folly. 
Naught fo fweete as Melancholy. 
»Tis my fole plague to be alone, 
I am abeaft, a monftcr growne, 
I will no light nor company, 
I fin de it now my mifery • 
The fceanc is turn'd, my joyes arcgorte, 
IFeare, difcontcnt and forrowes come. 
Allmy griefestothis are jolly. 
Naught fo fierce as Melancholy . 
Ik' not change life with any King, 
t rauifti't am • can the world bring 
Morejoy, then ftill to laugh and (mile, 
In pleafant toyes times to beguile 
Doe not, 6 doe not trouble mee, 
So fweete content I feeleandfee. 
All my joyes to this are folly. 
None fo diuine as Melancholy, 
tie* change my ftate with any wretch ^ 
Thou canft from geale or dunghill fetch; 
My paines paft cure^ another Hell, 
I may not in this torment dwell. 
Now defperate I hate my life. 
Lend me an halter or a knife. 
All my gricfes to this are /oily, 
Naught fo damn das Melancholy, 



to THE %EJDE% 

Entle Reader , I prefume thou wilt*bee verie 
niquiGtiiie to know what Anticke or Perfonate 
Ador this is, that fo infblently intrudes vpon 
this common Theater, to the Worlds view, ar- 
rogating another mans Name, whence he is^ 
why hee doth it, and what hce hath to fay ? Al- 
though, as * he [stid^Primftm ft mluero^mn rc^on- 
debo^ quii coal^urm eU < I am a free man boine, 
and may chufe whether I will tell, who can com- 
pell m.e .? If I be vrgcd I will as readily reply as that ^gypttan in ^ Fiu- 
Urch : when a curious fellow would needs know what he nad in his Baf- 
liQt^ ^um vfdes veUtam^quid mquiris in rem ahfc«ndttAm i It was there- 
fore couercd, becaufe hee fliould not know what was in it. Seeke not 
after that which is hid, if the contents pleafe thee, ""andhefirthyvff^ 
f»ppofe the Man in the Moonc,tfr xphom thou mlt to be thy Author 5 1 would 
not willingly bee knowne. Yet in fome fort to giue thee fatiffa6tion, 
wluch is more then I need, I will Hiew a reafon, both of this vfurped 
Name, Title, and Subiedt. And hrft of the Name of Democyittu j lell 
any man by reafon of it, fliould bee deceiueJ,expeaingaPaf.juill, a 
Satyre,fome ridiculous Treatife (as I my felfe fnould haue done) fome 
prodigious Tcnent,or Paradox of the Earths motion,of infinit Worlds 
in infimto vacm^ ex fortuite. atomorum coUifiene^ in an infinit waft, fb cau-' 
fed by an accidental! colli fion of Motes in the Sunne, all which Vemo^ 
critMs held, Epicurus and their Mafter Leucippm of old maintained, and 
are lately reuiued by Copermcu^^B^unui, and fome others. Belides it 
hath been alwayes an ordinarie cuftome, as Cellius obferues, For htfr 
Iff r Hers a?id ImpoHors^ to braachmanyabfur^ and infolent flciions^ 'vn kr thti 
»meoffo noble A Pkilfifopher as Democritus, to get themfeltfes creatt^and bv 
that meaftes the more to hee vefpiHed. as Artificers vfually doe, Nouo qm 
marmeri afiribunt praxatilem fuo, Tis not fo with mec, 

« Nox/ hie CentAuros^ nsn Gorgonas^ Harpy afq^ 
JmenieSy hominem pagina rtoHra fapit, 

/ No Centaur es here, or Gorgatti lookc to find^ 

\ ■ My fubicd: is of Man^ and humane kind. 

de/» r fortem 

c Modo b*et\H 
yjm fint, fmc" 

tbsr'tffitiftfut J 
e MsrttaUt 

Thou thy felfe art the fubied of my Difcourfe. 



DEMocRiTVsto the^ader. 

f /»>.jrfM. f Quiequid agunt homines ^votum^umor^ira^ volupaf^ 

CAudiA^dijcurftu^noUri frrrAgo libe]ii. 

What e're men doe, vowes/eares, in ire^in (port, 
\^^LM!t\ loyes^wandrings, are the fumme of my report. 

Ctlom* i6i 6. 

DamA/elf' My intent is no otherwife to vfe his name, then Mercarm GaUobelgi- 
i uertM.fi^ CHs^ Mmurtus Britannictts the name of Mercury ^% Democritus Chr 'tHi^ 
cMtmfeii- Although there be Ibme other circumftanccs/or which I haue 

^"^'■^cUie^ rnasked my felfe vnder this Vifard^and fome peculiar refpeds^which I 
^Txt^pihtlnm cannot fo well exprefle, vntill I haue fet downe a briefe Chara(5ter of 
^■Zt% o ^^^^ T>'timcrim^\i2ii he was ^w ith an Epitome of his life. 
^'joonnll pcfl l>emccritus^2LS he is defcribed by ^ Hffpocrates and * LAertiu^yWSLS a litic 
^olaslr »cd '^^^^i^old man5verie melancholy by nature, auerfe from companie in 
Unaulferihui his latter dayes,'' and much giuen to folitarincfle, a flimous Philofopher 
ftaieexceattj jj^^ ^g^^ I ^^^^^ ^1^]^ SficrAtts^ wholly addi(5i:ed to his iludics at the 
n coiM^ue.i laft,and to a priuate life,writ many excellent VVorkes. A great Diuine, 
^rZ^iapm, ^^cording to the Diuinitie of thofe times, an expert Phyfitian,a Politi- 
^vo(»crHm' cian, an excellent Mathematician, as D/4r^yw^5 and the reft of his 
^ull^teiH^ert ^ ^rkcs doc witneffe. He was much delighted with the ftudies of Huf- 
fe dicit Ahde- bandry,fairh " Co/umella^and often I lind him cited by ° amHAnimf^sand 
'^^^Tl^iKm^ otherSjtreating of thatfubied. He knew the natures,difFerences of all 
^xempui'i^ lo Beafts,Plants,Fifhes,Birds,and as fome fay, could vnderftand the tunes 
Zii'yt Melius voyces of them. In a word hee was omnifariam doctusy a generall 
Schollar, a great Student 5 and to the intent hee might better contem- 
/S/Svr i»- P^^^^i^I findit related,that he put out his eies, & was voluntarily blind, 
gemo\profmdA yet faw more then all Greece befides, and writ of euerie fubied. Nihil 
e^tutmti, fgf^ cfificio nAtura^de quo nen fir if fit, A man of an excellent wit,pro- 
r Naturaii*, found conceit J and to attaine knowledge the better in his younger 
fhZatil^ti' yecrs,he trauelled to ^gyft and ^Jthem^io confer re with learned men, 
berates d>fa- ^ admired of fome ^ defpifed of ethers . A ftcr a wandring life , hee fetled at 
fuT^mn!!^' ^^^^y^ a towne in Thrace^Sc was fent for thither to be their Law-maker, 
periti^m Recorder,or Town-clearkCjas fome will • or as others, he was their bred 
'tve^Aihe- ^nd borne. Howfoeuer it was, there he liued at laft in a Garden in the 
nas,etnemo Suburbs, wholly bctakiog himfelfe to his ftudies, and a priuate life, 
^'idm/loniep' " SAutng that fomettmes he would walke doi^ne to the Hauen^ and laugh hur- 
tu\ etddmira- f^iy ^t (uch vArfette of ridiculoHs obieSlscPshich there he faw. Such a one was 

tteut habitus , . 

usolebatad Democntm, 

flre'^i^"' ^^^^ mcane time, how doth this concerne me,or vpon what re- 
i^YmpE}. ference doe I vfurpe his habit ? I confcfte indeed, that to compare my 
xTerfiefu^ri' ^^^^^ ^"^^ ought I haue yet faid, were both impudencie and ar- 

ftpuim<»iem rogancic. I doe not prefume to make any parallell ^AntiHat mihi milUhm 
DemZ'tr^'** ^^^^^^^^^ pAruus (um^nuHu^ fum^altumnec j^iro^nec jpero. Yet thus much I 
/«xs^/.7.' will fay of my felfe, and that I hope without all fufpition of pride, or 
\f^Z^p^^Hre felfe-conceit, Ihaue liu'd a filent,fedentarie,folitarie, priuate life, 
m4teUam, f^ufis^ in the Vniucrfi tie as long almoft as Xenocrates in Athens^ dd fe- 
f chrift- neeiamfere, to learne wifdome as hee did, penned vp moft part in my 
Church in Study. For I haue beene brought vpa Student in the moft flourifhing 
?/r^^/. Hill, Colledge of Europe^ ^ Aug^Hifiimo Qodegto^osA can bragge with * Uutm 


Demo cKi TV s to the Trader. j 

aimo{l/'» fa luce domicilij /iictcanijiotius orbls tekberimi^fer "^j Amos mult a 
offertum^ itdtc 't-^ for 27 yceres I haue continued ( hauing the vfe of as 
good * LiDraries as euer hee had ) a SchoUer, and would bee tfierefore a Keeper of 
foth, either by liuing as a Drone ^ to bee an vnprofitable or vn worthy 'Zl^x^xfxt^ 
Mernbcroffo learned and noble a Societie^ or to write that which lyrwiued by 
fnould be any way difnonourable to fuch a royall &: ample Foundation. E^u^e"^"^''' 
Something I haue done ^ though by my profeillon a Diuine, yet turbine 
raptm mge.i^, as ^ hee faid^out of a running wit,an vnconftantjVnfetled ^scaiiger, 
mind, 1 had a great dcfire ( not able to attaine to a fuperficiall skill in 
any ) to haue fome fmattering in all, to bat aljqui'. in ommbm^ nuUu^ in 
pnzulis;^v\i\^'' fUto commends, out of him *^ Lipfim appioues and fur- \^T^T"'r 
thcrs^oi fit to be imprinted m all curtem mts^mt be a Suue of one Sctefsce^or » Os^ma 
^Tveli altogether in one fubieB^ as moH doe, but to roue Abroad., centum puer 'r.^'l^J'^, 
artium, to haue an Oare tn euerie mans Boat^ ^ to taH of eusrie D!fh,{i»d f:p oj i'"pn''.eadu'»^ 
euirie m^ns C^/'^which {kkh^ Mantai^ne^was well performed by A'ijlotle ^J,-////^?^- 
and his learned Countrey-man Adrian Turnebtts, This rouing humour af^atitex^ae 
(though not with like fuccefle)! haue euer had, & like a ranging Spani- SS^^S^ 
ell,that barkes at euerie Bird he feesdeauing his game,! haue followed »egiipn,;^t 
alljfauing that which I fhould , and may iuftiy complriine,and truly, qui 7Df',laZ!y4- 
vhi^efl^nufquam <fy?jwhich g Gefrer did tn modefiie^ih^x. I haue read many "*mde<^';^' 
Boo!:es,but to litle purpofe,for want of good method,! haue confufed- 'p,rulJfTaf^ 
ly tumbled ouerdiuers Authors in our Libraries ,with fmall profit, for T^ocHr.fjoUo 
waar of Art, Order, Memorie, ludgement.^I neucr trauelled but in f £/I^^^7^. 5 . 
Mappe or Card, in which mine vnconfined thckights haue freely expa- ^ Pr^Ut.Btb' 
tiated,as hauing euer beene efpecially delighted with the ftudy of Cof- 
m&gr&phy, ^ Saturnewsi^ Lord of my geniture, culminating, &c. and h^/»^o/c^/^/ 
M»f5 principal! figmficator manners ^in partile coniundion with mine %J^'/y^"' 
jif.euJent ; both fortunate in their Houfes^ Sec. I am not poorc, I am m.tg,(ientda-' 
nor rich 1 nihil eft .nihil deeffl haue lit!e,I want nothing; • all my Treafure '^''^t'* 

• • M » ^ r t 1 f pytwam Leo- 

IS inMineraa s Towre.Greatcr preferment as 1 could neuer get,lo am I yan r.^iftUm, 
not in debt for it, I haue a competcncie ( Lan^s Deo) from my noble and 
munificent Patrons ,though I line ftill a CoUegeat Student, a^ Democri - 
ttui in his Gardeu,and lead a Monaftique lifc/equeftred from thofe tu- 
mults and troubles of the world,£/ tar^quam in fpeciddpoJit^Qa.^ he faid) i He-^7M>s 
I heare what is done abroad ,how others ^ run,ride,turmoile,and mace- ^ ^^j*<^'^j>L 
rate themfclues in Court and Countrey ,far from thofe wrangling Law Zyj"rej^"f^ 
fuits, auU vamtatem^fcri ambitionam^ rider e mecum foleo : 1 laugh at alL J^^^ 
^oBely ficureje/i my Suit goeamtjfe^mj Ships perifh, Corne and Cattle mif-Af^/Aw,^/,- 
carrie,Trade decay, / hauem Wife nor children^^o^d or bad to premde for, ^cypado^i 
A meere (j-^edator of other mens fortunes &aducntures,and how they Wnicefecurm] 
aci: their parts, which me thinks are diuerfly preiented vnto me,as from f'J^^ff^lJ^ 
a common Theater or Sceane. I heare new newes euerie day ,and thofe ri/»ivtf 
ordinarie rumors of War,Plagues,Fires,Inundations,Theft5,Murders3 ''^r.iirm^ 
Maflacres, Meteors, Comets, Spedrums, Prodigies, Apparitions : of m»lfiu'%nm 
towncs taken, cities befieged mPrance^Germany,Turky^Perfia Poland, ^c/'*"'^'^^^'*"**' 
daily muftcrs and preparations, and fuch like, which thefetempeftuous 
times afford. Battels fought, fb many men flaine, Monomachies, Ship- 
wracks,Piracies,and Sea-fights, Peace,Leagues,Stratagems3and frefh 

a 2 Alarums. 

D E M o c R I T V s to the 7(eadtr, 

Alarums. A vaft confufion of Vowes3Wil'hcs,Adions3EdiclSjPctici- 
are daily brought to our Eares. New Bookcs euer ie day. Pamphlets , 
Currantocs, Stories, whole Catalogues of Volumes of all forts, new 
Paradoxes ,Opinions,Schilmes,Hereries,Coiurouerfics in Philofophy, 
Religion, &c.Now come tidings of Weddings,Maskings, Mummeries^ 
Entertainments,Iubilies,Embafries,Tilts and Touinaments,Trophies^ 
Triumphes, Reuels, Sports, Playes. Then againe Treafq^s, Cheating 
trickes. Robberies, enormious Villanies in ail kinds, Funerals^Burialsj 
Death of Princes,new Dilcoueries,Expeditions ; now Comicall, then . 
Tragicall matters. To day we heare of new Lords and Officers created, 
to morrow of fome Great-men depofcd,& then againe of fr efh Honors 
conferred ;one is let loofe,another imprifbned ^one purchaleth, another 
breaketh ; he thriues,his neighbour turns banckrupt ; now plentie,then 
againe dearth and famine 5 one runs, another rides, wrangles, laughes^ 
weepes,6ic. Thus I daily heare,and fuch like,both priuate,and publike 
newes,/'r;W priuatu^jSis I haue ftili liued,and fo now continue,//4//ij ijuo 
prim, left to a fblitarie life, and mine owne domefticke difcontents : 
Sauing that fome times,»(r quid mentkr^di.^ VicgcmswoxiX. into the Citie, 
and Dtmocrim to the Hauen to fee fafliions,! did for- my recreation now 
and then walke abroad, looke into the world, and could not chufe but 
make fome little obferuation,»<?>5? turn figax ohfermtor^c fimplex reeita" 
tor^ox. as they did,to fcoffe or laugh at all,but with a mixt paiTion. , 


tajjaf* "[ BiUm fAfe^tocum vefiri mouere tumult us, 

n Per. I did fometime laugh and fcofte with Lucian^mi Satyrically taxe with 
^Secundum ^^^^Pf^-i l^imcut with HeraclituSy fometimes againe J was ^petulmH 
^»ia locm f^le?ie cachimOj and then againe, « vyere iile iecnr^ I was much moued to 
^^'^*^l'tfius abufe which I could not amend. In which palfion howfocucr I 

^■Zuby^q^e"'' niay fympathife with him or thcm,'tis for no fuch relped I fnroud my 
§oitte natts^ i vndcr his name,b ut cither in an vnknowne habire,to affume a litle 
rS^SL/, more libertie and freedome of fpeech, or if you will needs know, for 
^t^fru'Z'i ^'^^ I'eafon and onely re{|:)e(5V, which Tiippecyates relates at large in his 
fedtle etdomus Epiftle to Damegctm^ wherein he doth expre(le,how comming to vifite 
f<^iaebatur Iiiii^oncday,he found Democritt^'m his garden at yif^dera^in the Suburbs, 
q rffecdpr^pii P vndcr a fhady Bowre, ^ with a Booke on his Knees, bufie at his ftudy, 
l^fgcmt'-^-' fometimes writing,fomerime walking. The fubied of his Booke was 
hahens, Melancholy and Madneflcjabout him lay the carkafles of many feueral 
%?S{fri- Beafts,ncwly by him cut vp and anatomized, not that he did contemne 
ta/itffeai^ue Gods creaturcs, as hee told Hippocnus, but to find out the feat of this 
"Zd^li^'fira- ^^^^ ^^^'^ Melancholy, whence it proceeds,and how it was engendred 
ta,<ju6t» yijce- in mens bodyes,to the intent he might better cure it in himfelfe, by his 
TcI^wW^ writings and obferuations,' teach others how to preuent and auoid it. 
extrafefit, ^ Which good intent of his ^Hippocrates highly commended : Vemecritm 
jh^Hr^fcUtfe is therefore bold to imitate ,andbecaufe he left it vnperfe(ft,^«4y5 
^^^7^* y«^r^^;7^#W^/<'^ Democriti,to profecute and finifh in this Treatife. 
ZTytb^t. You haue had a reafon of the Name,if the Title and Infcription offend 


D E M o c R I T V s Cider, 



your grauitie, were it a fufficient iuftification to accufe others, I could 
produce many fober Treatifes^euenSermons themfclues,which in their 
Fronts carrie more phantafticall names. Howfoeuer it is a kind of pol- 
licic inthefe dayeSjto prefix a phantafticall Title to a Booke which is to 
be fold : For as Larkcs come downe to a Day-net, many vaine Readers 
will tan ie and ftand gazing like filly paflcngers,at an anticke Pidure in 
a Painters fliop,that will not looke at a iudicious pecce. And indecd,as 
^Scdiger QD^iWQS^nothmg more ifmttes a Reader then art Argavsent inlook'd ^^f*^^'n 
for {unth ought of^andfels better then Ajcurrile Pamphlet ^iMm maxim e cum mhttma^c- 
nouitas excitat * palatum. Many men.faith Gellm^arevery cometted tn '^"jr^' 
their Infcnptms,and able ( as ' P/tn/ quotes out ot Seneca ; to make him tum^r^M^e^- 
loytcr by the way, t^at went in haji to fetch a Mid-wife for his Daughter^ 7Z'io7m 
non> ready to lye datvne. For my part 1 haue honourable " Prefidcnts for ^ ^uam pet. 
this which I haue done : I will cite one for all, Anthony Zara Pap. Epijc, i^'i^tTr.u. 
his Anatomic of Wit, in foure Se<5lions, Members, Subfe(5lions, &c. mty^ fe<jHH^ 
to be read in our Libraries. rj}(;S: 

If any man except againft the matter or manner of treating of this tes, 
my Subie6l, & will demand a reafon of it,I can alledge more then one, ^j^-^f^^i^'^^^ 
I write of Melancholy ,by being bufie to auoid Melancholy .There is no fietrrem par- 
greater caufe of Melancholy then idlcn^^Q^no better cure then hupneffe^as *acc!rfiat'mo' 
^ Rhajii holds ; and howheit ^Jlult/i^ labor e/l ineptiarum^ to bee bufied in rumMihere 
toycs is to fmall purpofe,yet heare that diuine Seneca^QttQx Alit*dagere^°^^^l^Q^y 
^uam mhil^QXX.Q.1 do to no end then nothing.I writ therefore,and bulied Popery, 
my (life in this playing labor jcr/^^ diligentia, vt 'uitarem torporem feri- inI^*oruiitie. • 
andi with FeSHus in Macr6bim^2XQi\!iQQ\i\sm in vtile vertcrem negotium, -^"i'lft^ smm^ 

* *■ ^ Anatomy of 

Y simul (V ittcnnda cr idonea dicer e vita^ ^ ccnu^tc.jf 

heCiorem deleciando fimul at^ mcnendo» meitor 


To this end I write, like them,{aith Lncian^ that recite ta Trees.dnd de- 1 %^o>^^ghd de 
claime to Fillers for want of Auditors ; as Faulted ^gmeta ingenioufly con- 
fefit'th, not thit any thing vnknowne or omitted^ but to exercife my felfe^ t:uhusprAte^ 
which courfe if fome tooke J thinke it would be s;ood for their bodies, "^JI"^>H . 
and much better for dicir foules,or peraduenture as others do for fame, 
to Hiew my felfe ( Scire tmtm nihil c^.^ nifite fcire hoc (ciat alter )l might 
be of Thucydidcs opinion , « to knew a thing and ?tot exprejfe it^ is all one asif^ Q»i nott/t, 
he knew it mt. When I firft tooke this taske in hand, &: quod ait ^ "^^^^^fellluVpf^if 
J.npeUente Gtm» negotium (iifcepifiiis I aymed at ; vel vt lenircm animumpert^^eefi acfi 
firibendo^ to eafc my mind by writing, for I h^<l^ grauidum cor^faturft hrluil] Praf. 
caput kind of Impoftume inimy head,which I was very denrous to be^^/* 
vnladen of,and could imagine no fitter euacuation then this. Belides I ' """i^"^* 
might not well refraine, for vbi dolor ..ibs digitus^ one muft needs fcratch 
where it itcheth.I was not a little offended with this malady, (hall I fay 
my Miftris MeUncholy^my tAgeria^or my malus GeniM.,^ for that caufe, 
as lie that is ftung with a Scorpion,! would expellclaaumclauo,^ comfort cot'^ethy 
one forrow with another, idlenefs with idkneCs ^vt ex viperd Theriarum^^^j^atm, * 
make an Antidote out of that which was the prime caufe of my difeafe. 
Or as he did^of whom [Felix Plater fpcakes^that thought he had fome o&ohfitmit,i i 


Demo CKITV s to the Reader. 

Arifiophanes Frogs in his belly^ftill crying Brecc ckex^ cdax^ coax, cop^ ocp^ 
and for that caiife ftudied Phy ficke fcuen yeers , and trauclled oucr moit 
part of Eurcpe to cafe himfelfe : To do my felfe good 1 turned ouer fuch 
g ^^loh-Rousphyfitians our Libraries would afford, or my § priuate friends impart, 
^0x0 J."'" * and haue taken this paines. And why not ? cardan profciTeth he writ his 
M'o^Srid e"^^^^^ CorjfoUtme after his Sons death, to comfort himfelfe, fb did* 
uv n of ^rj^^Q Subied with like intent, after his Daughters 

J^^-'J^'j^^ departure, if it bee his at leaft,or fome Impoflors put out in his name, 
which Lipjiu4 probably fu/pedis. Concerning my lelfe,I can peraduen- 
j,amm y/^f f yj-g affirme with Marm in Salufl^ that which others heare or read ofj felt 

egomety alia r i i 11 j 1 1 • 1 11 

geft jua I Hi and frafitfed my j elfe^ they get their kmrv ledge by Bo&kes, I mme by me lane ho- 
^hm^ilduT Expcrto crede Roberto. Something I can fpeake out of ex- 
Ht<r':c^sex- ' perience,^r»/w«4^/y<tf experiemia me docuitfand with her in the Poet^^Haud 
'an'^^aap^ffis^^^^^ ^H''^^ fuccurrtre difco, I would helpe others out of a fellow- 
pnt. feeling,^ as that vertuous Lady did of old,'' being A Leaper her f^lfjbe^ ow 

^kc^t!jl^^rpfa'^^^^^P^'^^^^^'^^^^^^^"^^IP^^^^ fi^ Lfapers^ I will Ipend my time and 
eiepha^tt ■// knowlcdgc^which are my greateit fortuncs,for the common good of ail. 
'fZ%%^h(y infer ,that this is ' a^um agere^zn vnnecefTarie worke, 

fiictum cramben bis co6iam apponere , the {ame againe and againe in other words ; 
uilZTpoff To what purpofe ? Nethtng Is omitted thit may well be faid^ fo thought 
Bamer ;m. Luctan in the like Theam. How many excellent Phyfitians haue written 
TeZfffum^dk ^^^^ Volumes and elaborate Trads of this Subiedi ? No newes here, 
suoun dtet that which I haue is ftolne from others," Dicitq^ wihi mea pagma fur ts. If 
^^Martutif. ^^^^ feuere doome of « Synejim be true,// is a greater offence.to fteale eiead 
o MagisimpiH mtns Labours^thcn their C/othes ^what fhall become of moft Writers ? I 
TucX^tZes ho^^ vp my hand at the Barre amongfl: others,& am gailtie of FcUonie 
ya^y>-^fles in this kind, habes confitentem reum^ 1 am content to be prefled with the 
p£ff/. -fV. reft.'Tis moft true^tenet infanabile multos Scribendtcacoethes, and ? there is 
q ubreseunu- rtaend of rvrttifig of Bookes^^LS the Wife-man found of old, in this i fcrib- 
ft'efi(e"parL»t ^^^g age, efpecially wherein ^ the number of Bookes is -withm number ( as a 
-King /^-worthy man faith) Preffesbe opprefjed^ and out of an itching humor, that 
the late right ^^uctie man hath to fhew himfelfe, ^ defirous of fame and honour ( fcri- 
^euerendLord bimtis indocli doEltcf, — .) hc will write no matter what,& Icrape together 
£ HomH.es "fa- it bootes not whence. ^ Bewitched with this defire of fame^ etiam medijs in 
me ici £.cy/a fffoy^u to the difparagement of their health,& Icarce able to hold a pen 
nem erudvio-^i^^J mult lay lomcthing, haue it out," and get themf clues a name^ faith 
nts ^ndt^ne Scaliger ^though It be to the downfaU and ruine of many others .To be counted 
BJfw«»/. wntets ^fcriptores vt falutentur^ to bee thought and held Pelttwathes and 
Ittfm^Uudis ^^^^^^ft^^^ ^P'*^ imperitum vulgm ob nentofA nornen artii, to get a Paper- 
,Amore, ts'c, Kingdome ; nttia (pe qu^flui fed amp/a fama^ in this pra?cipitate,ambiti- 
a^Exr^Z'"^ ous age, nuftc vt eft fkulum^ inter immaturam eruditionem amhitofum ^ 
alien* e.JfH' prdictps^ ( 'tis " Scaligcrs cenfure ) and they that are fcarce Auditors, vix 
"g^adumldfa- ***^^tores^ muft be Mafters artd Teachers, before they be capable and fit 
m,imfir»unt, hcaters. They will rufh into all learning, togatam^ armatam^ diuine,hu- 
\UT'*' iTiane Authors, rake ouer all /W/f wand Pamphlets for notes, as our 
Merchants doe ftrange Haiiens for traffique, write great Tomes, Cum 
not$ fint reuen dociiores^fed loquacimSyVvhm as they are not thereby bet-, 
ter Scholkrs, but greater praters. TRey commonly pretend publique 


Demo cKiTws to the T^eader. 

good,but as "^Gefmx obferues^'tis pride and vanitie that egges them on, ^ ommsfii>$ ^ 
no nevves or ought worthy of note but the fame in other tearmes. Ne eT^TJi'^^J, 
ferUrentur fort off e tyfografhi^ vel ideo fcribenium eli attquid vt fi vixijfe *^'>^^>ni^Argt 
tcftentur.hs Apothecaries we make new mixtures euerieday^poure out m^aHZiHi 
of one Veflell into another ^and as thofe old Romans rob'd all the Cities 
of the World, to fet out their bad fited Rome^NQ skim off the Creame BtiUt7k, * 
of other mens Wits^pick the choyce Flowers of their tild Gardens to ^pi^/'^* 
fet out our owne fterill plots. Calirant alios vtlibros fms per fe graciles c EDemtmti 
alienoadipe fuffarciant (fo *lomus inueighes)They lard their leane Books ^J[^^l'„f^„yg^ 
with the fat of others Workes. Inertfditifures^drc, A fault that euerie feru imo. 
Writer findes_,as I doe now^and yet faultiethemfelues3^7V//^«////^m»w jf/^/***** 
homines, all Theeues, they pilfer out of old Writers to fturfe vp their tEtqu t^uid 
new Comments/crape Ennim Dung-hils^and out of ""Democritm Pit,as J^;'/^,^^"'' 
I haue done.By which meanes it comes to paffe,** that net onelj Libraries f Epitt ad pt- 
and shops are fill of mr putid Papers j^ut euerie Clofe-Jioole lakes ^ Scribunt 
earmina qux legant cacantes ; they ferue to put vnder Pics,to « lapp Spice f>*(* fmbendi 
inland keepeRoft-meat from burning.With vs in Prance^{2iix}i\^ Scdigsr^ p^Zl/tZ'Z^ 
euerie man hath libertie to rorite, but few abilitie^ s heretofore Learning was g^o liters 
graced by iudicious SchoMers^ but now noble Sciences are vilified by baft and ]we^nJw'^ 
illiterate Scriblers^ihax. either write for vain-glorie^needjto get mony , or M'^^»f 
as Parafites to flatter and collogue with fome great men, they put out hTnf.pae, 
^ burras^quifqutliafj^pteptiafc^y ' anmgH fo many thufand Authors ^pu jhaS ir«tertotmilu 
fcarce find one by reading of whom you JhaU be any whit better ^but rather much y^ff^ ^ cwut ^ 
mrfe.auibus inSciturpotius^quamperfictturJ^v which he is rather inftded ie»$mequh 
tUcn any way perrectea. immo potius 

nan peiar. 

^ Qui talia legit, k Paliti^mftt. 

Quid didicit tandem ^quid fcit nifi fomnia,nugas ? 

So that oftentimes it falls out (which C&llimachis taxed of old ) a gil?at 

Booke is a great mifchiefe.i Cardan finds fault with French men and Ger- Xuhs^defdf^ 

manes for their fcribling to no purpofcj/^f^ inquit ab edendo deterreo^tncdo 

muum aliquidinueniant^hQ doth not bar them to write,fo that it be fom 

new inuention of their owne ; but we weaue the fame Web (lill, twift 

the fame Rope againe and againe, or if it bee a new inuention, 'tis but 

fome bable or toy, which idle fellows write for as idle fellows to read, ^ stsrVeopcr- 

and who fo cannot inuent ? m He muU haue a barren wit, that in this fcrih- tet ejfe h^eMH 

ling age can forge nothing, » Princes Jhew their Armies ^Rich men 'vaura their }"rfpZ!lnfum 

Buildings ^Souldiers their Man-hood, and SchoUers vent their toyes,they muft ^ruwu^^c, 

read, they muft heare whether they will or no. "^^X^J/'^' 

o Et quodcun^ femel chartis iUeuerit.omnes sZ'^f" 
Gefliet a furno redcuntes fitelacu^^ P Epiff,Mit.t 

Etpueros & anus • ^Z^,^ 

p What once is faid and writ, all men muft know, %TJiT'*' 
Old Wiues and Children,as they come and goe. 


What a companie of Poets hath thisyeert brought oHt^ as Pliny complaines to TJ^u^'J^ 



Democritvs to the 1\eadcr, 

b Principil>HS 

furl a etmiUies 

mere fcttbendi 
(ibido coerce A- 
infinftHpi pro- 
c Onerabunfur 
legeiidt* fufficit 
d Uht* ebrui- 
%olitando do- 
lent, lam. 
Strode Mmo* 

C^/yj bene di- 
ffftm fode me- 
mmj(3' illttd 

mtnc ad fidem 
fff aulhoritate 
Ml* horns meat 
eUentes ejfe 
ad Pefycraf, 

f iM Epitaph. 
hoc LaS- iUxd 
Utiar.eft; It a 
Vtctvrmui $n 
hue moduwt 
^rHtbiify ifft* 
g Pr&j. ad 
SyntaX' med. 

Sopm Sinefxw^ this April euerie day feme or other hdue recited, V\ hat a 

Catalogue of new Bookes all this yeere^ all this age ( I fay ) haue our 
Francjurt Marts, our Domefticke Marts brought out ? Twice a yecre, 
^Prefer unt fe nouA ingenid, olfentant^'^Q: ftretch our wits out & fet them 
to M^^magm condtu nihil agimu^* So that which Gejner much cieilres^if a 
(peedy reformation bee not had by fbme Princes Edids and graue Su- 
peruifbrSjto reftraine this libertie^ it will run on in infimtam. Qm tarn 
. Auidus Ithrcrurrf helluo^Who can read them ? As already^we lliaii haue a 
vaft chaos and ^ confufion of Bookes.We are <^ opprefled with them^our 
eyes ake with reading, our fingers with turning. For my par 1 1 am one 
of the number numerm fumta, I doe not deny itj haue enely this of 
Mdcrch/m to fay for my felfe, Omtte rneum^ nihil meum^ 'tis all mine, and 
none mine. As a good houf-wife out of diuers fleeces weaues one peece 
of Cloath^a Bee gathers Waxe and Hony out of many Elgwers^and 
makes a new bundle of all, 

* tloriferU vt Afes in fduhui mnU lihant, 

I haue laborioufly * collected this Cento out of diuets Writers, & that 
ftneiniurisL^ haue Wronged no Authors ^but giucn euerie man his owne, 
which ^ Bierom fb much commends in Nepotian^ he flole not whole Ver- 
fes, Pages, Trads, as fbme doe now adayes,conceahng their Authors 
names, but ftill faid this was Cyprisnsy that La6iAntiu6^ tliat Hturitts^ fb 
laid Mtmtius Foelix^ fb Fi6}orius^thm far Arnebim : I cite & cjuote mine 
Avithoxs ^fumpfi^cjf furripui^md what JTarrff Lib. 6, de re rufi, fpeakes of 
Bees, minimemaUfic^milm opud veRicdntes faciunt deter iu^^ I can fay of 
my felfe,whom haue I iniured ? The matter is theirs moflpart,and yec 
minc^ap^aret vnde fumptum Jit (which Seneca appro\\es)aliud tamen quam 
vnde fiitnptum Jit appAret^\iiQh nature doth with the aliment of our bo- 
dyes ,incorporate,digefl,airimulate J doe conqucquere quod hAtiJi,difyQ{b 
of what I take. I make them pay tribute,to fet out this my Mdcerenicon^ 
the method onely is mine ovvne, I mufl vfurpe that zmchereTer. 
nihil diSittm qtted non dt^um prii£s,meth&^f44[ela artijicem olltnalit^wce can 
fay nothing but what hath been faid,the compofition & method is ours 
onely ,and fhewes a Schollar. OrtbaJ:u^,z/£.tii^^y^ttjcet$na, haue all out of 
Galeffy but to their owne method, diuerfiftyle^non dmerfd Jide, our Poets 
fieale komHemerjhQ fpewcs,faith !^//4»,they licke it vp. Diuines vfc 
Auflins words 'verbatim Ml, and our Storie-drefTersdoeasmuch hce 
that comes laft is commonly bef^, 

donee quid grandim Jttas 

feliera^fcrf^^ ferat melior 

Luc. to. Though there were many Giants of old in Phyfick and Philofophy yet 


^rTj^m^^fJt fee farther then a Giant himfelfe ; f may likely adde, alter, and fee farther 
my PredecefTors And it is no greater preiudice for me to enditc 
%idmu after others,thcn for x/S-Uantu Montalttu that famous Phyfitian,to write 


Deuo cKirys to the leader. 

S Nee MOHtA' 

de morbis capitis after lafon Fratenfis , Heurn'fus^ Hildefbeim, ^c. Many 
Horfcs to run in a race, one Logician, one Rhetorician, after another. 
Oppofe then what thou wilt, 

Ailatrcs Itcet vfci^ nos ^ vf^^ 
Lt gAnnitibw improhu taceffas, 

I folue it thus. And for thofe other faults of Babarifme *Daricke dialed, 
Extemporanean ftilejTautologicSjApifli imitation ,a Rapfody of Rags JXT»Sr 
gathered together from feuerall Dung-hills, excrements of Authors, ^ Ufa ex fe Jil^t 
toyes and fopperies, confufedly tumbled out, without Art, Inuention, i'^*"^*^;^ 
Iudgement,Wit,Learning,harfli,raw,rude,phantafticall,abfurd, info- 
lent,indilcrcet,ill-compofed,indigefted,vaine, fcurrile, idle, dull, and ^)'^^^/'*^'"*' 
dry ; I confefle all ( 'tis partly alfeded ) thou canft not thinke worfc of LipfiJadHcr- 
me then 1 doe of my felfe.'Tis not worth the reading,! yeeld it,I deiire /•^'^'-'VA 
thee not to loofe time in perufing fo vainea Subie6l,I fhould be pcrad- 
uenture loth my felfe to read him or thee, fo writing, 'tis not cperApre- 
tium. All I fay, is this_,that I haue ^ prefidents for it, which I [cerates cals ^y^^ aifnrdt 
ferfugium ijs peccant, others as abfurd,vaine,idle,illiterate,&c. Non- dttomiiu 
mlli alij idem fecerunt^othets haue done as much,it may be more,5c per- h**^"*'*^* 
haps thou thy {elfe, Nouimus ^ qui te^i^c, we haue all our hults^/cimfis 

hanc veniAtn^crc. * thou cenfureft me, fo haue I done others jand may « -^f* ^»^''* 
doc thee, cedimns in^ v 'tcem^ fyc, 'tis lex tdionis^ qnidpro qno, Goe now Ibk/orl^Jtol 
cenfure,critiGi2e,fcofe, and raylc. 

^2(afim fisvf^licet.fisdeni^naftts: \f.t?"*^' 

Ntn p fifes in mgas dice re plum meas^ 
Ipje ego quAmdixt^drc, 

Wer'ft thou all fcofes and flouts,a verie Mommy 
Then we our felues,thou canft not {ay worfe of vs. 

Thus as when women fcold haue I cry'd whore firft, & in fome mens 
cenfures,! am afraid I haue oucr-lliot my felfe, Lnudari fe vani^ vitupe* 
rare flulti^as I doe not arrogate,! will not derogate, f rimus ^veHrixm non 
/»w /rd'^' z;??/^,! am not none of the beftjl am none of the meaneft of you. 
Be it therefore as it is, well or ill,! haueaflay'd, put my felfe vpon the 
Stage, I muft ^bide the cenfure, I may not efcape it. It is moft true, 
fljlui virum arguU^om ftile bewraycs vs ,and as « Hunters find their game 
by the trace,fo is a mans Genitfs defcried by his woAes^^ u/fo melitts ex ^^^T^X- 
Jermove quam lineamentis^de moribu^ homimm iudieamus'^ 'twas old Cato\ gioimpreffe,^ 
rule. I haue layd my felfe open ( I know it ) in this Treatife, I fhall be Hfi^ixtpjiHs 
r cenfured , I doub t not, yet this is fome comfort, vt palata^fic iudicis, our 
cenfures arc as various as our Palats. 

^ Tres mihi conuiua prtpe di(fentire videntur ifjot, 
fofcentes vario multum diuerfa palato^i;c. 

Our writings are as fb many Dillies, our Readers Gue-fts jourBookes 

b like 


XiEMocKnws tothe leader. 

like beautiCjthat which one admires another reieds 5 fo are we appro- 
ued as mens fancies are inchned. 

Pt d caftH UBoris hahent fud ftta liheUi^ 
That which is moft pleafing to one is amdracum fii^ moft harfh to ano- 
ther, g**/ homines ferttefftiafiy many men^fb many minds ; that which 
thou condemned he commends. 

* ♦ f Quod fetisyid fane eSi imifum mdum^ duohm. 

He refpevSls matter ,thou art wholly for words, he loues a loofe and free 
ftile^thou art all for neat compofition, ftrong Lines, hee defires a fine 
Frontifpeece5entifing Pidures^to draw on the Readers attention^which 
thou reiedeftjthat which one admires ^another explodes as moft abfurd 
and ridiculous. If it be not point blanke to his humor, his methoJ,his 
b MuwM. conceit, ^ Si quid {or fan omijjum^qmd is animo conceperit^Ji qua di^to^^c. 
If ought be omitted or added,which he likes ordiflikes, thou art mard' 
pium pauc£ ledioniSy an Idiot,an Afle, eSjOrplagiariui^2i trifler,a tri- 
uant,thou art an idle fellow 5 or elfe 'tis a thing of meere induftfy ja col- 
xLi/Jms. ledion without wit or inuention,a very toy FAciltAjic put am omm s qu^ 
Urn fada^nec de filehif cogitant,vhi via flrata^ fb men are valued,their la- 
bours vilified by fellowes of no worth thcmfelues ; as things of nought, 
who could not haue done as much ; ^nufqhifq^ A^urtdat fenju euerie 
man abounds in his owne fenfe, and whifii each particular partie is fb 
affe Aed,how fhould one pleafe all ? 
k Hw\ ^ Quid dem^quid non dem f Renuis tu quod iubet ille ? 

Ve'^J^'^Hor How fhall I hope to expreffe my felfe to each mans humor & j conceipr, 
f«'/fj fg i«fy or to giue fatififadion to all? Some vnderftand too litle,fbme too much 
M^etT!' ftmiliCer in legendos lihros^ ii^ in falutandos homines irruunt^ non cogL 

tn Li\>, I .dt* t Antes quaUsJed quihm veHihus induti/lnt^as mAuHin obferues,not regar- 
nimj^«;.' ding what,but who write, " crexin habet Anthoris ceUbritas^ not valuing 
the mettle,but ftampe that is vpon k^^CantharumAjpicium^non quid in eo. 
Some are too partiall,as friends to ouerweene, others come with a pre- 
iudice to carpe,vilifie,detra6l,fand fcoffe 5 ( qui de me forfan, quicquid e B 
omni contempt u contempt ius iudicAnt ) fome as Bees for Hony, fome as 
Spiders to gather poyfon 5 What iTi^ll I doe in this cafe ? As a Dutch 
Hoft,if you come to an Inne in Germany^ & diflike your fare,diet,Iodg- 

• Er4fm. dial, ing,&c. reply es in a furly tone,** aliud tM quaras diner forium^ if you like 

not this,get you to another Inne 5 I refolue,if you like not my writing, 
goe read fomething elfe. I doe not much efteeme thy cenfure ^take thy 

^ courfe,'tisnotasthou wiIt,nor as I willjbutwhenwehauebothdone, 
ij^- that of P Tlinius Secundtu to TrAian, will proue true, Euerit mans wittie 
"^'"Z'^/ff' ^^^'^^^ '^^^^ not^except the matter^fubieB^occafion^And fome commending Fauo- 

rite hAppen u it. If I be taxed, exploded by thee and fome fuch, I fhall 
^eoJZlnZfl'r ^^^^^ approued and commended by others,and fo haue been(EA;;>^r- 
'^uJ^ZwiZ': ^oqmr ) and may truly fay with huius in like ca(b(ahjit verbo iacfAn- 
? - } hercum quorundm, pontificum^ ^ virorum nebiliumfamiliaritatem 

AmicitiAm^ grAtflf^ grAtias^ ^ multorum ' ben\ UudAtorum laudes fum inde 
tjf. promeritus^ as I haue been honored by fome worthy men, fo haue I been 

vilified by others ,and fhall bee. At the firft publifliing of this Booke 
cMiflH^ (Which 1; Bnl^m of f>erfm S&tyts)editum Itbrum eontin^ mtrart homines] 


De uocimtvs to the T^eader, 1 1 

dt^auidl derifere caperuntjl may in fome fort apply to this my Worke, 
The firft and fecond Edition were fuddenly gone, egerly read, and as I 
haue laid, not fo much approued by fome^ as fcornefully reieded by 
others. But it was Democrttm his fortun®, idem Adrftirationi trrifmi 
habitus, Twas ^<r/7(rf4's /ate, that Superintendent of Wit, Learning, 
Judgement, ' ad fiuporem doSim, the beft of Greeke and Latifse writers, in ^dJs^!^//^"' 
Plutarch's opmion,that reneunedcmecler of vice^as " Fab/us termeshim, nL$i>.to.pitt- 
And pamfiM omnifcious PhiUfipher^that writfo excellently ^ admirably weU^ 
could not pleafe all parties,orefcapecenfure; How is he vilified by co^nftio^em, 
^ CalfgMUyjigelUtiSy Fabius^ and L^pfif£^him{dfQ ^his chiefe propugner'^ omnemftudto. 


Jn eo plera^ pernitto/afoith the fame Fabifis^mmy childifli trads and fen- (irc.m»/ta 
tences he hsLth/ermo iMor at fu, too negligent often,and remifie,as Jgel- ZiijtZtj- 
liu4 obferues,<?r<«//<» vulgaris ^ pretrita^dicaces ^ inep^ ftntentU^erudttio 
plebeii^zxx homely fhallow writer as he is,/;/ partibm Jpinod ^ faHidta ka- ];tTcake!"'* 
^^^jfaith ^LipJtusySind as in all his other Workes,fo efpccially in his Epi- If^"'^^"'- 
ftles, 4//^ m ars^utijs ^ ineptijs occupantur, intricntm alicubt, parum com- y /«2r eiestn. 
poJitftsJintcopiA rerum hoc fecit ^htt iumbles vp many things together im- ^IfJ^l^^ 
methodically, after a Stoicks farhion,/>4y««? erdwauit^^>ultaaccumuUfut, JrlrT^erZ- 
ci'Cm If Sexeca be thus lafhed,and many famous men that I could name, ^^J^,"^^""'" 
what fhall I exped ? How (hall I thsLtamvix vmbrafint/ PJifiUfophi, /ir/^f^/^^I 
hope to pleafe ? N(f man Co abfolute. f Erafmus holds, to fattjjie all. except ^f'f"^?^^,"*- 
AHttquttte^Vrefcrtptm^Crcfet a barre.Bwt as 1 haue^roued m Sefjeca,tins fa^t,rei:g,eHe 
will not alwayes take place ,how fhall I euade ? *Tis the common doom ^^^J^""*' . 
of all Writers,! muft(I fay)abide it,I feeke not applaufe ; » iV*» egc ven- zHo^Ep!*' 
tofi 'venor fuffragik plebU^ againe 9tin fum adei infirmisy I would not bee 

« vilified : fiiiideUHdar 't 

^ t hudatm abund\ t^f?'^' 

Non faUiditus ft tibi lector ero. Phmonntts 
I feare good mens cenfures,and to their fauourable acceptance I fubmit ;J^'f 
my labours, houid,triji. i 


. ^ linguas Mancifiorum 'tiller. 

c iMten. Sat>% 

As the barking of a Dog,I (ccurely contemne thofe malitious and fcur- 
riJe obloquies, flowts, calumnies, of Raylers and Detrato's, I fcorne 
the reft.What therefore I haue faid pro temitatema^l haue faid. 

One or two things yet I was defirous to haue amended if I could, 
concerning the manner of handling this my SubievA, for which I muft 
Apologize, deprecart^ and vpon better aduice giue the friendly Reader 
notice Jt was not mine intent to proftitute my Mufe in Englifh^oi todi- 
uulge (ecreta yimeruA^dyxt to h^ue expofed this more contrad in Latin^ , 
if I could haue got it printed. Any fcurrile Pamphlet is welcome to out 
mercenarie Stationers in Fnglilh ^ they print all 
mduntjg Ubellos 

In quorum folijsvixfimtanudacacaret- , ^Autartkm^ 

But in Latin jjicy wiM not deale ; which is one of the realons * ?(icmlas /eu 4ut<jMfi«i 
r^r in his Oration of the paucitie of Writers, giues ; that fo 7ZVftuZ»tt 
many flourirhino^ wits are (mothered in obIiuion,lie dead and buried in h^b.cAnmtr, 
in this our Nation. Anotlier maine fault is,that I haue not reuifed the f^^^] 7^. 

b 2 Copie 

12 D EM o cBciTV s to the leader. 

Copie,and amended the ftile,which now flowes remifly, as jt was firft 
conceiued5but my leafure would not permit,/" ^rf/ necquodpotiti/tec quod 
volui^ confcfTe it is neither as I would^or as it fhould be. 
e OMd, de e rcUop fcripMe pudetmia plurima ccrno 

* M-t quoc^ qu<t f tier Ant tudiccdtgmmu 

When I perufe this Trad which I haue writ, 
I am abalh'djand much I hold vnfit. 
I,t quodgyamfiimum^m the matter it felfe^many things I difallow at this 
fHor, prefentjwhich then I writ/Ncn eademeft atas^mM meus,l would willingly 
retrad much^&c.but 'tis too late J can only craue pardon now lor what 
is amiflc. 

I might indeed(had I wifely done)obrerued that Precept of the Poet, 
noHum^ frematur in annuw^ 

And haue taken more care : Or as Alexander the Phyfitian would haue 
done by Lapis luizuli fift'ie times wafhed before it be vfed,! fhould haue 
reuifcd^correcftedjand amended this Trad 5 but I had not (as 1 faid)that 
g Tef?i. 3 *phi- happy IcifurCjttO AmAnuenfes or h{(\{k2ints,Pancrates in g Ldf/^z/z^wanting 
''peffuio ^mX' ^ Seruant^as he went from tAemphis to Cofm m^/fgy^t^ tooke a doore 
carmen ^mi- barrc^aud after fbme fuperftitious words pronounced ( Emrates the re- 
iff^cUyt am- :^ator was then prefent) made it ftand vp like a Seruing-man/ctch him 
buUret^a^uam water ,turne the Ipit^fcrue in fupper ,and what worke he would befide sj 
fTrarefl^d! wlieu he had do»e that feruice he defircd^turned his man' to a ftick 
againe.I haue no fuch skill to make new men at my pleafure^or meanes 
to hire them ^ no whiftle to call like the Mafter of a Ship^and bid them 
runj&G. I haue no fuch authoritiejmuft for that caufe^doe my bufinefle 
my felfe, and was therefore enforced, as a Beare doth her whelpes, to 
bring forth this confufed lumpe, I had not time to licke it into forme, 
as fhe doth her yong ones,but euen fo to publifli it,as it was firft written 
hstdmpedeiu quicquid in huccAm venit^ in an extemporean ftile, as ^ I doe commonly 
vTifesl'^"^'^'' all other Qxtvciks^effudi quicquid di^auit Gem us mens ^oMl of a confufed 
companicof noteSjand writ with as fmall deliberation as 1 doe ordina- 
eadtma ^^^^ ^peak,without all affectation of big words/uftian phrafes, jingling 
ynt^^oeJpe- termes^tropes,ftrong lincs^ftraincs of wit,braueheates,elogies,hyper- 
aes,mmmtxii boHcall exornations,clegancies, &c. which many fo much affed . I am 
itstjiiK hic ' aqua /^?/t»r,drinke no wine at all,which fo much improues our moderne 
nuiuu prater vvits,a loofe,plaine,rude wntQt^jicum voce Jicunt^^^ ligenem ligmem^ and 
liluiTehm fe as free,as loofe^idem caUmt quod in mentd ^ I call a fpade a fpade,4»/;;?^ 
exercet.yrba fcrtbo^non Auribttsl rcfped matter .not words t remembrins that of 
caUst artem Cardan^ 'vcrbo, propter res^ mn res propter verba, : and feeking with Seneca, 
*d^fihiin!^ fcribam non quemadmodum^ rather what,then how to write. For as 
hai><t recog- ' Phde thinkes , He that is conuerfant about matter ynegleEis words, and thofe 
'^paimgenttn ^^^^ ^xcell tn this art of [peakinglhaue no profound learnings 
n ctt'iujcuneiue ^ Vtrba mtent phalertSiat nuUas verba medullas 

Z:z^ , . 

fiUicmm,fiito Befides, it was the obferuation of that wife Seneca^ " when you fee a Relievo 
""^j^iTocclpa' careful! about hU -words ^ and neat in his fpeech^ know this for a certaintie, that 
turn, m fcnptii ntans mind is bufied about ttyeSyther*s m foliditie in him, Non eH ornamentum 
I "^^^^^^ concinnitas^^s he faid of a nightingale, — vox es prdterea nihil^drc, 


D E M o c R I T V s f/?e T^tader, 1 5 

I am therefore in this point a profefled Difciple oi^Afolbnim^z. Schollcr « ^^^^f'^f"^ 
of SecrateSi^ I negled phrafes, and labour wholly to informe my Readers Neiu"eUt' * 
vnderftanding, not to pleafe his eare ; 'tis not my ftudy or intent to com- 
pofe neatly, which an Orator requires, but to exprefTe my felfe readily /^J^S^^ 
and plainly ,as it happens. So that as a Riuer runs fometimcs precipitate "flTJ'^'^d 
and fwift, then dull and flow • now direct, then fcr Ambages • now deepe, UngilZ'df/h- 
then fliallow • now muddy, then cleare 5 now broad, then narrow ; doth ^Zfmred- 
my ftileflow : now ferious, then light - now Comicall,then Satyricall 
now more elaboratc,then remifle,as the prefent fubied^- required,or as at 
that time I was affected. And if thou vouchfafe to read this Treatife, it 
fhall feeme no otherwife to thec,then the way to an ordinarie Traueller, 
fometimes faire,fometimes foule ^here champion,there inclofcd ; barren 
in one place, better foyle in another : by Woods, Groues, Hills, Dales, 
Plaines,&c. I fhall lead thee ferardua. momium^(jr luhrica vatliumyfy rofa- 
da ceffitum^ glebpja, amforumj through varietie of obiC(5ls, that which 
thou fhalt like and furely diflike. 

For the matter it felfe or method, if it bee faultie, confidcr I pray you 
that of Calumeka^ Nihil perfe&Hm^aut k fmguUri confummaiitm induliria^ no 
man can obferue all, much is defectiuc no doubt, may bee iuftly raxed, 
altered,and auoided in Gaie/t^Jr/ffotUjihofc great Mafters. Bam venatorii 
( P one holds ) p/ures feras cafere^ non omms 5 Hee is a good Huntfman can p^«'.-^'*«w»' 
catch rome,not all : I hauedone mine endeauour. Be(ides,I dwell not in 
this fhidy,iVf » hicfulcos ducimus^on hocpuluere defudamf4s,l am but a fraat- 
terer, I coftibfre,a ftranger, 1 here and there I pull a flower, I doe eafily i^Z^t^!^ 
grant, if a rigid cenfurer fhould criticize on this which I haue writ, hee i^^i^eo jidtopi- 
fhould not find three fole faults,as Scahgey in Terettce^hwt 3 00, fo many as hilZTfiT- 
he hath done in Cardans fubtilties,as many notable errors as ' Gul. Laurem- ^'^^f^'- 
bergim^2L late ProfcfTor of ^(?//?<;^:^^,difcouers in that Anatomie of Uurtn- famtZ. 
tim^ or Barocim the Venetian in Sucro-ho/cHs. And although this be a third ^f^^''^ . 
Edition, in which I fhould haue been more accurate, co?reded all thofe ZVofe^Lai!-* 
former efcapes,yet it was magniUborisopu^fii difficult and tedious,that as '''"*j'^''"">»'' 
Carpenters doe find out of expe;:ience,'tis much better build a new fom- 
times,then repaire an old houfe 5 1 could as foone write as much more, as 
alter that which is written. If ought therefore be amifTe (as I grant there 
is)I require a friendly admonition, no bitter inuediue, iPhtbdtCofn 

^ Sim Mufis focij chariteSj Vuria omnis aheBfiy 
Otherwife as in ordinarie Controuerfies,y»;i?^«; co^tentionis neciamw fed 
cui bono ? Wee may contend, and likely mifufe each other^ but to what 
purpofe ? Wee are both SchoUers, fay, 

' Arcades ambo, t yirgi 

Et cant are pares ^ rejpondere par at L 
If we doe wrangle,what fhall we get by it ? Trouble & wrong our feluts, 
make fport of others.If I be conuid: of an error,I will yeeld,! will amend! 
S i quid bonis moribm.fi quid ^eritati dtjjentaneum^in facris vel humanis liter ii 
a me diiium fit, id nec di^um eHo. In the meane time I require a fauourabld 
ccnfure of all faults omitted,harfhcompofitions,pleonafmcs of word^^ 
Tautologicall repetitions, perturbations of Tenfes, Numbers, Printers 
faults,&c. My tranflations are fometimes rather Paraphrafes, then inter- 


14 Deuockitv stothe ^ader. 

pretations,;^^*^ ad verl^umjbut as an Author^ I vfe more Jibcrtie^and that's 
oncJy taken, which was to my purpofe : Quotations are often in/erted in 
the TextjWhich make the ftile more harfli^or in the Margentas it hapned, 
Greeke AvLthots^P^atfiJ^lutareh^AthettaM^d'C, I haue cited out of their In- 
terpretorsjbecaufe the Original! was not ib ready. I haue mingled Sacr4 
frofhanii^wi I hope not prophaned, and in repetition of Authors names 
ranked them /^eracc/dem, not according to ChronoJogie 5 Ibmtimes Neo- 
tericks before Antients^as my memorie fuggefted. Some things are here 
altered jexpunged in this Edition^others amended ; much added, and 'tis 
no preiudice^no fuch tndecdrum^ov ouerfight. 
rTer* Adeifh, r. ^unqum it A qfiicqmm bene fuhdn^a rAti$ne dd v'ttrnfuhl 

Qum reseat as ^vffii Jemper diquid aff orient noui^ 
Aliquid moneant^ vt iUa qua fiire te credos, nefcia^y 
Et qud ttiffputuris prtma^w exercendo vt repudias, 
Ne re was ought yet at firft contriu'd fit. 
But vfe^age, or fomething would alter it 5 
Aduife thee better^and vpon perufe. 
Make thee not fay^and what thou tak'ft/efufe. • 
But I am now refolucd neuer to put this Treatife out again^iW quidnimU 
I will not hereafter add,aIter,or retrad,! haue done.Thc laft and greateft 
exception is^that I being a Diuine^haue meddled with Phylicke, 

rHedmMi,u V tdntumm eH Abretn4&tHiihL 

Aliena vt cures ^eaq^ nihtl qu£ ad te attioeitt f 
Which Menedemfis ohieCtQd to C^r^w^j, haue I fo much leafure^or little 
bufinefle of mine owne, as to looke after other mens matters which con- 
tCtitijiilua ^^^^^ not ? What haue I to doe with Phyficke > The ^Lacedemomans 
. were once in counfell about State -matters, a dcboihed fellow fpake ex- 
cellent well, and to the purpofe, his fpeech was generally approued. A 
graue Senator fteps vp_,and by all meanes would haue it repealed,thouoh 
good, becaufe dehoneHabatur fepmo Authore^ it had no better an Author • 
let fomc good man relate the fame,and then it fnould pafle. This counfell 
was embraced,7Q!^7»;r/f^,aRd it regiftre(J forth-with, £/ ficbona fententU 
tfianfit^malus Author mutatt^s eH, Thou faift as much of me,S romachofus 
as thou art, and granteft peraduenture this which I haue written in Phy- 
licke, not to be amifle, had another done it, a profeffed Phy iition or fo • 
but why fhould I meddle with this Tradl ? Heare mee fpeake : There be 
many other fubieds,! doe eafily grant,both in Humanitie and Diuinitie 
fit to be treated of,of which had I written ad oUentattonem onely, to (hew 
my felfe,I fhould haue rather chofen, and in which I haue beene more 
, conuerfant, I could haue more willingly luxuriated, and better fatifficd 
my felfe and others; but that at this time I was fatally driuen vpon this 
Rocke of Melancholy, and carried away by this by-flreame, which as a 
Rillet, is deduded fron) the maine Channell of my fludies, in which I 
haue pleafcd and bufied my felfe at idle houres,as a fubied moft neceffa- 
rie and commodious. Not that I prefer it before Diuinitie, which I doe 
acknowledge to bee the Queene of Profeffions, and to which all the reft 
are^s, Haqdmaids,but that in Diuinitie I faw no fuch great need. For had 
I written pofitiuely.there be fo many Bookes in that kind/o many Com. 


D E M o c R I T V s ^0 Redder, 1 5 

mcntators^TreatifeSjPamphlets^ExpofitionSjSermonSjthat whole teems 
of Oxen can not draw them j and had I been as forward and ambitious as 
fbme others 3I might haue haply printed a Sermon at Pduls-Crojfe^ a Ser- 
mon in S' Maries Oxsn.a. Sermon in chriJi-Church^or a Sermon before the 
right Honorable^right Reuerendja Sermon before the right Worfliipful, 
a Sermon in Latin^in Englifh^a Sermon with a name,a Sermon without, 
a Sermon, a Sermon, &c. But I haue euer beene as defirous to fupprefle 
my labours in this kind,as others haue beene to preffe and publifh theirs. 
To haue written in controuerfie, had beene to cut off an Hydras head, 
* lis litem generate one begets another, fb many duplications,triplications, iBt$j$dic4t$^ 
and fwarmes of Queftions, I» fmo hello hocc^uod fitli mucrene agitur^ that 
hauing once begun,I fhould neuer make an end. One had much better,as ^'''«*» H'*^- 

Alexander the fixth Pope, long fince obferued, prouoke a great Prince hI„P^s. 
then a begging Fryer^a Iefuite,or a Seminarie Prieft,! will add, for ine%~ ^MMkfebeiim 
jfugnahile genus hochominum^ they are an irrefragable focietie, they muft^X>J2«-^*, 
and will haue the laft word 5 and that with fuch eagernefle , impudence, J*^/^"^^"' 
abominable lying, falfefying, and bitterneffe in their Queftions they pro- mendfeaHnum 
ceed, that as* hee faid,y*r*r f^m, an rapt vis acrior^ anculpa^ re/ponfrm "^'^'^^'^ 
date .«* Blind furie,or error, or rafhneffe, or what it is that egges them, I ' 
know not, I am fure many times , which ^ AuBin percciued long lincc, car faili'^f 
tempeliate contentionisferenitdS charitatis ohmbilaturj with this tempcft oicub.lTc:!'.u 
contention, the ferenitie of charitie is ouer-clouded,& there be too many 
Ipirits coniured vp already in this kind,in all Sciences,and more then we ""ere pt,ut 
can tell how to lay, which doe fo furioufly rage and keepe fuch a racket, 
that as ^ FahtHs {aid. It had beene much better for fome of them to haue beene pemutem 
borne dumhe^and altogether iUiterate^then fo far to detetotheiy own deHruclion, ^nnflnxmer- 
At melius fuerat mn fcribereynam^ tacere ml it* imn y- 

Tutumfempererit^ ^ \ZlVd*l"r 

'Tis a generall fault,fo Seuerinus the Dane comph'mes / f^nhappy men^as we tnuemhus >/- 
Are^e jpendour dayes in vnprojitaUe qusHions and dijputations ^intricate Tub- m^slnatm-T 
tilties,^^ lank caprina yahout Moonfhine ith' water ,/<?4»/;?^ in the me&ne time ^J'J"^*^^' 
thofe chief eH treafures of Nature 'vntouched^ vi^herein the besi medicines for all CsZ'TJ0>^it 
manner of difeafcs art to he found^ and doe not one ly negleB them our felues^but ^ 
hinder ycondemne for bid cr fcoffeat other sf^h at arc mliing to enquire after them, 
Thefe motiues at this prefent, haue induced mee to make choyce of this ^^^^-^^^f 
Medicinall fubied.. 

If any Phyfitian in the meane time fhall infer, Ne futor vltra crepidam^ ^ttC»s7elet 
and find himfelfe grieued that I haue intruded into his Profeinon, I will alios prohiie- 
tell him io briefe,! doe not otherwife by them,thcn they doe by vs. If it ZuHk^^a^ 
be for their aduantage, I know many of their Sed which haue taken Or- m'.s,iudibnjf. 
ders, in hope of a Benefice, 'tis a common tranfition, and why may not a 1%^^^*** 
Melancholy Diuine, that can get nothing but by Simonie, profcfTe Phy- 
ficke ? Drufianus an Italian (Cm ftanus^wt conuptly ^Trithemius cals him) 
s becaufe he was not fortunate in his praSiife^forfooke his profefioa, and writ af- '■f '/?v//,^ or* 
terwardsin Diuinitie, Marfilim Ficin9fswa{femel limul,a Prieft Cv ^^i^y- tTs,nThe'c1Ii 
fitian at once, and ^ T, Linacer in his old age tooke Orders. The lefnites?.'*^^^ rnodu 
profes both at this time,diucrs of them permijfu fuperiorum^ Chirurgions, B7»/!!/iS2"' 
Panders ,Bawdes,and Midwiues,&c. Many poore Countrey-Vicars, for iomu. 


i6 Deiaockitv stothe^ader. 

want of other mcanes^aredriuen to their fhifts, to turne Mountcbankes, 
QuackfaluerSjEmpiricks, and if our greedy Patrons hold vs to fuch hard 
conditions, as commonly they doe, they will make moll of vs worke at 
fbme Trade,as Paul did, at laft turne Taskers, Malfters, Coftermongers, 
Graficrs,fell Ale as fbme haue done,or worfe.Howlbeucr in vndcrtaking 
this taske, I hope I fhall commit no great errour or indec^rnm^ if all bee 
confidered aright,! can vindicate my ielfe with Georgius Braur/us.and Hie- 
^ ronymui Hemmgita^ thofe two learned Diuines who ( to borrow a line or 
two of mine ^ elder Brother ) drawne by a naturaEloue^ the one of Figures 
'^Vr^^tQ^i ^^PP^^-i P^^lp^^f^^^ chorographkall delights, writ that ample Theater 
defcrujtion of of Cities j the Qther to the ^ady of Genealogies ^fenned iheatrum Qenealogicum. 
prS^d'at''^^' Or clfe 1 can excufe my ftudies with ^ Lefim the lefuite in like cafe, 'tis a 
London by TV' difeafe of the Soule,on which I am to treat, and as much appertaining to 
wht7J^\6ix' ^ Diuii^e,as to a Phyfitian ; and who knows not what an agreement there 
kTa Hygtaftt' is betwixt thelc two Profeflions ? A good Diuine either is or ought to be 
^UarlaluT ^ Phyfitian, a Spirituall Phylitian at leaft,as our Sauiour calls him- 
aii<:n4^iden felfe,and was indeed, Math.^ 2 3 .Luke 5. i ^.Luke 7.8. They differ but in 
v/e^^*^"" ^^ic^D^^^i^ one of 'the Body,the other of the Soule, and vfe diuers medi- 
agtturdemor- cincs to cure : oue amends ammamper corpus, the other corpus per anirnam^ 
\°DTc!*yuft ^ Regius Profeflbr of Phyficke well informed vs in a learned Le- 
tn cem/rjjf, durc of his uot long fince.One helpes the vices and palTions of the Soule, 
Amo 1 6 2 1 . Anger,Luft,Dcfperation,Pride,Preiiimption, &:c. by applying that Spi- 
rituall Phyiicke ; as the other vfe proper remedies in bodily difeafes. 
Now this being a common infirmitie of Body and Soule, and fuch a one 
that hath as much need of Spirituall as a Corporal] cure,I could not find 
a fitter taske to bufie my felfe about,a more appofite Theame^fb necefla- 
rie,fb commodious, and generally concerning all forts of men, that fhould 
fb equally participate of both,and require a whole Phyfitian. A Diuine 
in this compound mixt Malady , can doe little alone, a Phyfitian in fome 
kinds of Melancholy much lcfre,borh makq an abfolute cure. 
tnHof, Alter imfic Altera pofiitopem. 

And 'tis proper to them both,and I hope not vnbefeeming mc,who am by 
my ProfefTion a Diuine,inid by mine inclination a Phyfitian. I had Ittpiter 
t\uUefeftl. '^^ my fixtHoufe; I fay with'' Beroaldus ^ Nonfum naedicM^nec tnedici»4 
prorfm expersAn the Theoricke of Phyficke I haue taken fbme paines,noc 
with an intent to pra^tife, but to fatiffie my felfe jwhich was a caufe like- 
wife of the firfl vndertaking of this Subied. 
If thefereafonsdo not fatiffie thee good Reader ,as Alexander Munificus 
o In Newarie ^^^^ bouutifuU Prelat,fomtimes Bifhop of Lincolfte^wh&n he had built fix 
in Netting- Caftles, ad inuidiam operis fluefjdam,{aith *» M' Camden^io take away the en- 
cAto'adi- worke ( which verie words Nuhrigenfis hath of Roger the rich 

fcafetcafieiia Bifhop of Salisbury y who in Y^in^Stephens time, built Shirhurne Caftle, 
fi^llai^uTn-- ^^^^ Deuifei) to diuert the fcandall or imputation,which might be 
thence inferred, built fo many Religious Houfes. If this my Difcourfe be 
ma<^UmZMo ^^^^ mcdiciuall, or fauouf to much of humanitie, I promife thee, that I 
iMfiitmt cttM-^ will hereafter make thee amends in fome Treatife of Diuinitie. But this 
•^,'^^^7''^''^'' ^ hope fhall fuffice when you haue more fully confidered of the matter 
impitmu of this my Subiea;rtfw fubHratam^ Melancholy, Madnefle, and of the 


Deuockitvs to the 'Reader, 17 

Reafons following, which were my chiefe Motiiies:The generditie of the 
DifcafCjthe necelfitic of the Curc^and the commoditie or common good 
that will arifc to all men by the knowledge of it, as fliall at large appearo 
in the enfuing Preface, And I doubt not but that in the end you will lay 
with me^that to anatomize this humour aright, through all the Members 
of this our Microco(mf4i^is as great a taske,as to find out the Quadrature of 
a Circle, the Crcekes and Sounds of theNorth-Eaft,or Norch-We{^P^'''''"«^* 
pafrages,& all out as good a difcouerie,as that Hungry* S^miards of Terra fJ^'Am^. 
uiuBrAlis Incognita^ as great trouble as to perfed the Motion of Mars and '''-f»^f' 
Mercury^ which fo crucifies our Aftronomers, or to reclifie the Gregman \^lrlaJ^z 
Kalender, I am fb affeded for my parr,and hope as ^ iheofhnHm did by j7^*/^^"*^7/ \ 
his Characters, That our PcJicritie^ O fiiend PolickSjJhall be the hettcr for ^nofll^'fLe ,llu 
this vphtch we haue writ ten, hy mreSitng andre6tifying what is ami(jt in them- '^^if^^'**"* j- 
Jelnes by $ur examples^ and applyirtg our Precepts and Cant tens to their own vfe, ^i^Lar^mM- 
Yet one Caution let me giue by the way to my prefentor future Reader, 
who is adually Melancholy , that he read not the' Symptome§ or Progno- tu S' exempli 
ftickes in this following Tract, leaft by applying that which hee reads to "^cdm^dTtt 
himfelfe, aggrauating, appropriating things generally fpoken to his own fe snde ' 
perfon(as Melancholy men moft part doe)he trouble or hurt not himfelf, "pJS'.^seff 
and get in conclufion more harme then good. I aduife them therefore 
wnnly to perufe that 'Xv^di^Ldpidcsioquttur (fb (kid^ ^grippade cccPh//, J tPrdf.u/tor't. 

caueant LeEleres ne cnebrum ijs excutiat. The reft I doubt not they may 
fecurely read,and to their benefit. But 1 am ouer-tedious,I proceed. 

Of the neccffitie and generalitie of this which I haue (aid, if any man ^ ^ ^^^^ 
doubt,I fhall defire him to make a briefe furuey of the world,as ' Cjprim Dnm'atum. 
SLduiCtthDonatyJuppoJing himfelfe to bee trm^orted to the top offome h<gh 'cTjff!iduei 
Mount nine ^and thence tobehold the tumults & chances of this-WAmring world, in arstut month 
and he cannot chrfe but either iaugh at^or pit tie ft. Htereme out of a flrcng ^ollm^^jHUre 
imagination,being in the WildernefIe,conceiued with himfelfejthat hee indeVc^ 
then faw them dancing in ^o/wf ,and if thou Tnalt either conceiue,or clime TeT^T£!k 
to fee, thou fhalt foone perceiue all the World is mad, that it is melan- i^^uerfi 
choly, dotes : that it is (which Bpichthomm Co/mopolttes exprefled ^ol^aZnlifm^di 
many yeeres lince in a Map ) made like a Fooles head ( with that Motto ttttb,neitnttte' 
Caput Hellcboro dignum ) a crafed hc^idxauea flultorum^^L Fooles paradife,or wJ'^^X 
as ApollonitfSy a comm.onprifonof Guiles, Cheaters, Flatterers, to. 2Xidf^'^^r^*<s'('^ ^ 
needs to be reformed. Strabo in the ninth Booke of his Geography^om- ' 
pares Greece to the pidure of a man,which comparifbn of his ^NicGerbe-- 
tim in his expofition of Sophianm Map, approues ; The Breft lyes open 
from thofe Acrocnaunian HiUes in Epyrus^ to the Sunian Promontorie id 
Attica.^ Pag£ and Ma^araaic the two Shoulders,that/y?ww of Cori/tth the 
Necke,& Peldponnefaf the Head.If this allufion hold,'tis fure a mad head; 
Morea may bee Moria • and to fpeake what I thinke, the Inhabitants of 
mcderne Gr^f^^r.fwarue as much from reafon,& true Religion atthisday^ 
as that Morea doth from the picture of a man. Examine the refl in like 
fort, and you fhall find that Kingdomes and Prouinces are Melancholy, 
Cities and Families, all Creatures,Vcgetall,Senfible,and Rationall, that 
all rorts,feds,ages,conditions,are oiit of tune,as inCebesTabk^omftes er- 
rarewbiiuint, before they come into the World, they are intoxicated by 
• c Errors 

i S D E M o c R I T V s to the ^ader, 

n Ctntrou. 

Errors Cup, from the higheft to the lowed, haue need of Phy ficke, and 
u ^'^^^^ particular A5itons in " Seneca, w\\qilQ father & fon proue one another 
"e»i^/ ^ ' mad, may be generall ; Porcfui Latro lliall plead>againft vs all. For indeed 

^rlm Hor 1 2 ^^^^ ^ Foole, Melancholy, Mad ? ""Qui ml molitur tnejfte^^ho 

lat'Z is not brain-ficke ? Folly, Melancholy, MadnelTe, are but one Dileafe, 
seTcu^f^oLt ^^l^^^t*^ is a common name to all. Alexander^ Gordoniu^^ la fon Pratcnfis^ 
t>nnesji--iifos Samnar0U^Cutanerius^M0nPAltu4^co\\^omd them as di^Qi'mg fecundum ma- 
zTo^!2fjm- & ; fo <Joth Dauid^Pfat.'^'j.^o. J fiid vnto the Foolcs^ deale not f i 
pcf.Ks madly ^ and 'twas an old StoicalL paradox, omn?$ fiultos infanire^ f all Fooles 
t7s7ftfrftils ^"^^^^ jthough fome madder then others . And who is not a Foole, who 
m'Lreant, _ is free from Melancholy ? Who is not touched more or lelTe in habit or 
CJlf^'^^' difpofition ? If in difpofition, jUdtj^eJitions heget habits^ if they perfcuere^ 
iLLib.2%,c,\. •^faith ^ ¥!utaYch^2^ix.% either are,or turiae todifeafes. Tis the fame which 
^mrhZ*nthi(' Tf*lly maintaines in the fecond his TuJc-uUnes^ommnm hfipkntum animi 
efta!iH.tqaam in morio funt^^ perturbatorum,Voo\Q'> are ficke,and all that are troubled in 
dfmTptlT' raind,for what is fickneflc3butas*G;'e'i'tf/'/ Tholofanu^ defines it^AdijJolutim 
turbat o feeder or pertufbatton of the bodily league^ which health combines : And who is not 
Txifilnffji ■ ^Jcke, or ill difpofed, in whom doth not palfion, anger, enuie, difcontcnt, 
^^'^^^'^j'. feare and fori owraigne ? Who labours not of this difcafe? Giue mee 
\enecorp$ri^ but a little leaue, and you fhall fee by what teftimonies3Confefirions,argu- 
cenf^mmatto . nients I wiU euince' it,that moft men are mad,that they had as much need 
Vub'J'Geogr. ^ goe a pilgrimage to theAntityr^ ( as m Str Abo's time they did ) as in 
viures oiim qj^jj- ^]ayes they run to CompoHeLa^om Lady of Sichem^ov Lauretia^to feeke 
ITJtiUHcfat for helpe ; that it is like to bee as profperous a voyage as that of Guiana ^ 
ntmtis cdfifd. and that there is miich more need of Hellebor then of Tobacco, 

lhat men are fo mif-afFed:ed,melancholy, mad, giddy-headed, heare 
the teftimonie of Solomon^ Eccl. 2.12. And /turned to behold wifdome, mad- 
ntfj'e and folly -.^c* And Verfe t^. Alibis daps ate forrarw^hps traueUgriefe^and 
hss heart taketh no reH in thr night. So that ta e Melancholy in what fence 
you will,propeily or imprope. ly, m difpolition or habite,for pleafure or 
for paine_,dotage,difcontcnt,feare,forrow,madneire,for part,or all,truly, 
or metaphorically, 'tis all one. The hearts of the fonnes of menareeuill^and 
mctdntffe 16 in their hearts while they ltu^^Eccl 9.3. H' tjemen themfelues are no 
better^ Eccl. i . 1 8 . Jn the multitude of wfedome is wuch griefe^and he that in- 
creafeth wifdomejncreafeth forrow, Cap, 2 .17. He hated life it felfe,nothing 
cEccief.1,24. pleafed him • he hated his labour5aIl, as he concludes, is forrow^griefe^ 
'vamtie^^exation cffpfrit. And though he were the wifeft man in the world , 
fanclHarium faptei^tu^andih^d wifedome in abundance, hee wilt not vindi- 
cate himfelfe,or iuftifie his owne ad ions. Surely / am ?nore fodli/h then any 
man, and haue not the vnder Handing of a man in me^ Prou.-^o, 2 . Be they 
Solomons words,or the words of Agnr the Son of lakeh, they are Canoni- 
, call. Dautd a man after God's owne heart,confefleth as much of himfelfe, 
Pf.^y,! i.ii,So fooltfhvcasT andignorant^I woi euenasaf eaHbefore thee. And 
condemnes all for FooleSjP/.pg. and 32.9. and 49.20. He comparesthcm 
to beaHf^ horfes^ and mules ^ in -which their u no vnder Handing', The Apoftle 
Paul accufeth himfelfe in like fort, 2 Cor 1 1 .2 1 . / would you would fuffer a 
little my fooli(hne(fej f^eake foolifhU , The whole head u ^tfi^e',faith Bfaj^and the 
heart id heauiefap, 1.5. And makes lighter of them then of oxen and ajfes^ 


D E Moc KIT V s to the T^eadar. 1 9 

the 0xe knowes hid fWffSr^ &c, read Deut. 32.6. Jerem. 4 . Amos 3.1. Eph, 5 . 6. 
Be not tfiad^ be nsi deceiued^fooltjh GdatUm^ who hith bewitched you f How 
often arc they branded with this Epithitc ofmadne/Te and folly? No 
word fo frequent among ft the Fathers of the Church and Diuines, you 
may fee what an opinion tiiey had of the World, and how they valued 
mens adions. 

I know that wee thinke farre otlierwife, and hold them moft part wife 
men that are in authoritie jPrinces^Magiftrates, ^ rich men5they are wife f^^T/v^f 
men bornc^all Politicians and Statef-men muft needs be fo/or who dare /«i^»'«r. 
fpeake againft them ? And on the other,fo corrupt is our Iudgement,we sa/y^'^" 
efteeme wife and honefk men fooles. V\ hidv Democritu^s well fignified in e .ipud^uo$ 
an EfiHle of his to Hippocrates,- « The Alfdemes Account vcrtuemndnefje^mX ^/Jro't^fJ"* 
fo doe moft men lining. Shall I tell you the realbn of it 5 ^ Fortune and ^^cuur. 
P^erfue^pfifedame and Fof/y^thQir Seconds, vpon a time contended in the %^ol7'""'" 

OlyMptcks'j Euerie man thought that F^r/^i^^f and f would haue ^^traL-ntur, 
worft, and pittied their cafes. But it fell out otherwife. Fortune was blind ^I'nftdtmZ!, 
and cared not where fhe ftroke^nor whom,without Lawes,&c. Foth rafn ^'^^ p''^^^'' 
and inconfiderate^efteemed as little what iTic faidor did. Venue and Wife- ^re^^mmT"* 
dome gaue % place, were hiffed out, and exploded by the common people, ^'*'i^xUirtta 
Fffliy and Fortune admired, be fo are all their Followers euer fince,ICnaues '^cTiLu7d!t 
and Fooles commonly fare and deferue beft iawor Idlings eyes and opi- j;^^f^*J*^'*^^ 
nions. Many good men haue no better fate in their ages : AchiP)^ i Sam. feluftrls 
2 1. 14. held Dauid for a mad man. ^ Ehjha and the reft were no otherwife 
eftcemed. Dautdwas derided of the common peoplejP/r9.7./^/« hccme a %»7emJMm 
monsier to t»4»y. And generally wee are accounted fooles f*^!* thrift, ^2'^,^^'''''* 
I Cer,i^,W£ fooles thought hu life madneffi^dr hii ertd withont honour, wfd, 5 .4 h z Reg,7\ 
Chrift and his Apoftles were cenfuted in like ibnjoh. i oMatk,7^.ASi.2 6. 
And fo were all Chriftians m ' PUnys timQ^fuerunt ^ alij fimilis demeatU 
^c. And called not long after l^ejmtx (eC^Atores^euerjorts hominunt^po\luti 
stouateresf&nAtici^canes^maleJici^veneJuii^GaliUi homunciof^es^^c'iis an or- 
dinarie thing with vs, to account Koneft, Deuout, Orthodoxe, Diuine, 
Reiigious,plain-dealing-men,ldiots,Afrcs,that canr^ot or will not lye and 
diflemble. Hi ift, flatter, accommodare fe ad eum locum vbi nati funtj 
make good bargaines,fupplant3thriue,patronis inferuire: folennes afcen- 
dendi modos apprehendere,legcs3mores, confuetudines recte obferuare^ 
candidc Iaudat"e,fortiter defendere^fententias ampledi, dubitare de nuL 
lis, credere omnia, accipere omnia, nihil reprehendere., C2?teraque qu.e 
promotionem ferunt & fecuritatem, qua? fine ambage foslicem reddunt 
hominem, & vere fapientem apud nos. That cannot temporife as other 
men doe, * hand & take bribes,&c. but feare God,andmakea confcience ]^^;"-^ 
of their doings. But the Holy Ghoft that knows better how to iudge,he 
cals them Fooles. The foo/e hath /aid m his heartyPf 53.1. And their wayes ^5*^ '"-^ 
vtter their folly ^Pf^^ .14."* For what can he mote mad^then for a little worldly moJentTn/a' 
pleaff.'rc to procure vnto themfelues eternal! puntfbment ? As Gregory Sc others J^'^^'/^'''* 

inCU Icate vnt(T\' S . mane$pare 

Yea euen all thofe great Philofophers, the world hath euer had in ad--'^'^'^^'^'' 
miration,whofe Workes we doe fo much elteemc,that gaue Precepts of 
ivifcdometo others, Inut^ntors of Arts and Sciences, Socrates the wifeft 

c 2 man 


Deu oc KIT V s to the ^ader. 

lenHTiufintt ^"^^^^ OracIc of y^^o/Kj, whom his two Schollers " Plato 

fuifamict no- and ° Xenophen fo much cxtoll and magnifie^with thofc honourable tides, 
nofir^'^uXZ ^^^^ y^ijdi of aU mortallwen.the happkB and moH tuH • thoic feucn wife 
men of Greece, thofcBrittame Druides Indian Br Achmanm,^(hioptar» Gjm- 
llmlilptmtt f^^fif^f^^^riM^tgt of the PerfimSyApoUonm . of whom PhiioHratus^Am do^iu 
et aflrf'e f-'d nattu fapiem^ wife from his cradle, Epicuruiy (6 much admired by his 
fap,.nt f>r»i SchoW^t LucrcUus ' 

o xenop !.^t(ie Qui genm humanum tngemo Jupfrautt^ omnes 

..«,vr^'«' PcrHriffxit Stellas extrm 'vt dtheriut Sol, 

ad fin- m Ta tt s r r 

fuii s^<r,:es NMiofc wit exccU'd the wits of men as farre, 

TpZiTfrl As the Sunne rifing doth obfcure a Starre. 

All thofc, of whom we read fuch p Hjperhtlicallelogiums^ as of AriHetle 
l> ^^^^ he was wifdome it felfe in the abftrad, «i a Mil acie of Nature, brea- 

O.lftt metis _ J } 

a»s ab anti- thing Libraries,as Eumpim of Longmu4^\^x.% of Nature,Gyants for wit, 
^^'RepnUna- QlintefTcnce of wit, Diuittc Spirits, Eagles in the Clouds, falne from 
tHri^TzatH'^i Heauen,Gods,SpiritS5Lampes of the W orld, Di6:ators, 

Nulla ferant talem faU futura virum. 
yuhomi»-^,fo{ Monarchs, Miracles, Superintendents of wit and learning, Of^^i«Mr,?/^rf/;/x, 
mMeltophZy ^^^^5 MonHrum^ pvt tent am hominis^ or his vmtterji muj^um^vltimui humane 
axaiftet Utera- mtuK^ couAtm^natura mar it lis ^ 

•^tsUpftHs mertf9cutao6tfororbis, 

olimdescAiet Suhwij^is dtfert U/ctdim iwperium, 

h^mbttXi!^- ^yf'lian writ of Protagoras and Corgias^Qt may fay of them all, t ant urn 
ferajortn^ta- a fapienttli^ ahfiterunt ^quantum a 'vins paeriythey were Children in refped^ 
Ttertfi^^l^f- Infants,not Eagks but Kitcs,Nouices, Illiterate, Eunuchi fapiemia. And 
'eU^E^'^^t' '^^^h^'^Sh ^h^y ^^'''^ wifeii, and moft admired in their age, as he cen- 
%Ui}>ery* iii^cd Alexander^ I doe them, there were loooo in his Armieas worthy 
xLi I A ftp. Captaines (had they beene in place of command) as valiant as himfelfe, 
'nUplilflJli there were Myriades of men wifer in thofb dayes , and yet all diort of 
^'^r^'^tlttT ^^^^^ ^h^y ought to bee. ^ La^iAntim in his Booke of Wifedome, proues 
^ZXuUhs them to be Dizards,Fooles, AfleSjmad-menjfo full of abfurd and ridicu- 
JJii'dX'"^ lous tenents and brain-ficke pofitions, that to his thinking neuer any old 
(Dlmo'ritus woman or ficke perfon doted worfe/ Democritm tooke all from LeucipptH 
to£"Crec^i' and left faith he,f/?f/;?^^r//^/zr^'^ l?is folly to Epicurus in fanienttdum/api^ 
tatem fluitifit .The like he holds of Plato^Ariflfppus.and the refl;,making no dif- 

relt^utt Epic. f(^f ep^ce " bttvj^xt them and heaHsJauinQ that they could (beake^ * Theodoret in 
od.^t-f^ .epkur. his Tract De cur.gr ate. affec, manitettly eumces as much or Socrates^ whom 
^nttil%7be. though that Oracle of Apollo confirmed to be the wifeft man then liuing, 
/f/^/ wz/zj-wand fauedhim from the Plague, whom 2000 yeeres haue admired, of 
feTJ/'"^* whom fomc will as foone fpeake euill as of ChrtB^ yet reuera^ hee was an 
icap dey'irt, illiterate Id ioc,asy -^^///^/'W<f/ cals him, //r/Sr ambit! ofu6,SLs\vs Maflcr 
Vptmum^'' A^t^M^ tcarmes himjcurra Attics ^ as Zenoy an* enemie to all Arts and 
difciM't^!^»* Sciences,as Athenat^Sjto Philofophers and Trauellers, an opinatiue Afle, 
♦*pSwr««i ^ Cauiiler, a kind of Pedant ; for his manners,as Theod.Cyrenfis defer ibes 
ado/efrentMm him, a * Scdomitf^ an AtheiBy ( fo conui6^ by Anytm ) tracmduA (jr eh iud, 
u*J?yml^ft^m ciicay,&c. a pot companion, and that of all others he was mofl fottifh, a 
9iil'af,o'c* verie mad-man in his anions and opinions.If you defire to heare more of 
ApolLonim a great wife man/ometinic parallel d by inltan the Apoftate to 


Demo cKiTYS to the l^eader. 2 i 

Chrift, I refer you to that learned Tra6i; of Eufehius againft Htcrocles^ and 
for them all to Lumns Vifcdtor^IrcAomeniffin^ Necyomanm : their acSlions, 
opinions in generall were fo prodigious, abfurd, ridiculous, which they 
broached and maintained, their Bookes ani elaborate Treatifes we e full 
of dotage, which Tu//y ad Atticum long lince o\iki\XQd^aelirA»t pUrum^ 
fcrtptores m Ithns fuis^ their liues being oppoiite to their words,they com- 
mended pouertie to others ,and were moft couetous themfe'ues, extolled 
loue and peace, and yet perfecuted one another with virulent hate and 
malice. They could giue Precepts for Verfe and Profe,but not a man of 
them ( as Seneca tels them home ) could moderate his affedions. Their 
muficke did fhew vs flebtles modes, &c, how to rife and fall,but they could 
not (b containe themfelues as in aduerlitic not to make a lamentable rone. 
They will meafure ground by Geometry ,fet downe limits,diuide & Tub - fea r.ontuum 
diuide, but cannot yet pickvibe amntuw homim/at/s^ or kecpe within 
eompafle of reafon & difcretion.They can fquare Circles,but vnderftand 
not the ftateof their owne Soules,defcribe right lines, and crooked, &:c. 
but know not what is right in this life, ^uid ift vttA return fit igmrAnt^ 

Nefiio An Amicyram ratio illts defiinet omnem. 
I thinke all the A ttcyra will not reftorc them to their wits, • if thefe men ^ zierfi„s 
now,that held *» Zeno^iotua heart, Crates {iwti^lfichtus lanthorne, were fo f*p "^-^ 
fottilli, and had no more braines then fo many Beetles, what lliail wee 
thmke or the commonalti^ ? What of the reft ? b xenodoti 

Yea, but will you infer, that is true oi Heathens ^i^ they be conferred %*tcSi 
with Chriftians, i Cor, 3.1^ .The wifdome ofthis world is fooltfhneffe with God^ 
Earthly and dmeU(h^^% lames cais it, 3 . 1 5 . ihey were vaine in their imagirta- 
ttorti^ and their fooCifh heart Was Jull of darknef[e-, Rom, 1.21,22 jvhen they pro- 
f ff d themfelues wife.became fooles. Their wittie workcs^are admired here * 
ci . earth, wijilft their Soules are tormented in Hell fire. In fome fcnfe, 
Chri/liam Cr.;/f 4»/, Chriftians arc CraffianSjand if compared to that wi (c- 
dome no better then Fooles. efi fiptens Solm Deu^ ^Pythagoras replies^ 
God ts only wtfe.Kom, 1 6. Paul determines,Wy^ W.as Atijlin well contends , 
and no man limng can be iuf ified tn his ftght.Goi looked down from Heauen vpon 
the children of men^to fee if any did vnderfiand.Vf. 5 3 , 2 , 3 .but all are corrunt, 
erre. Rom .7^,12, None dotb good jw not f«^./f'^aggrauatesthis4.i'8.5^Wi^^ 
fouti^no ftedfaftncjfein his Seruants, andlayifoUy vpf>n his AnpC^ : 19. U&w ^ f^'(p''of^n' 
much more on them that dwell in Houfes of Clay >: . In this fenfe wee are all as 'ff/iHa.^^"'^ 
FooIes,and the ''Scripture alone is Arx Mmerux.'w.Q and our writings are ^ ^'^p^sty- 
fliallow and vnperfed. But I doe not fo mecine,euen in our ordinarie dea- Jalmsl7wZ 
Iings,we are no better then Fooles. All our adiions,as ^ Plmy told Traian^ Jj '''^ fiuttu,m 
vp^braid vs of folly ^ our whole courfe of life> is but matter of laughter . t<'r'.^t»dontt, 
we are not foberly wi{e,and the world it felfe,which ought at leaf^ to be • 
wife by reafon of his antiquitie, as ^ Hu^ode Prato Flondowill haue it, 
femper fiulttx^at^ iseuerie day more fooltfh then other ^ the more it is '^i^^pf^'dthe'^/Jf^^'^^^^ 
worfe It island ai a child w/U fltlL be crowned with rofes afid flowres. V\'ee ar< K4*.r*n$iiu^ 
apifh in it, afini bipedes^ and euerie place is full inuerforum Apaieiorum, o^^^^f.f/^^^ 
metamorphifed and two legged A^^qs^ inuerforum Stiem-um^ childi('h,^«'f rofu 
pucrt inflicr bimuli^tremnla pairfs dormientis in vlndJomnm Pomann4^d»to- ^"^^'"^"^ 


22 Deuockitvs to the Ixeader, 

nio hhl^ brings in fome laughing at an old man, that by icafbn of his age 
was a little fond^but as hee admonifneth there, Ne mireris m hojpes de hec 
fine^ maruell not at him onely, for tot a h^ccimtas Msrium^ all our Towne 
Imi'^ri" ^of^s in like fort/ wee are a companie of Fooles. Aske not with him in 
cLtmaatque the Poet^g Layua kuiK mtemperid wfmUq^ agitam fincm ^ What madncfle 
^PU^yj* ghofts this old man^but what madnclTc ghofts vs all ? For we arc Ad'vmm 
AuiuUr, omneSysW \\\2A^femclinjknmmm omnes^mi once, but alway fo, & femel,(^ 
Jimnljcjr fempevy euer, and altogether as bad as hee^ and not femx hts fuer^ 
ieltra arm %\3\!X fay it of vs a.\\^/en:per pMeriyVomg and old, all dote, as 
La&amifts proues out of Seneca^md nodiiference betwixt vs and children, 
fauing that maiora kdimtu^ mi\grandiorihuspupU^t\iQy play widi babies of 
clouts,and fuch toyes,we fportwfth greater babies. We cannot accufe or 
condemne one another being faultic our felues,** deliramenta hqueris^ you 
i ideifkAa.s talke idly,or as ^M-itto vpbraidcd Dmen^infAnii^iufer te^ioi we are as mad 
feenj, Qur ownc fclucs, and 'tis hard to fay which is the worft. And 'tis vni- 
uerlally fo, 

k Tttil^ Tufc.s ^ Vttam regit fortunx^nm fApientia. 

I Ant. Did. When ' Sttpputim in fontanus had trauelled all ouer Eur ope, lo conferre 
muh.%defAp. with a w fe man, hee returned at laft without his errand, and could find 
?J!L?«" *" CirdAn concurres with him,f ni' there are (for ouoht I cAnperceiue) 

fnnt. vjell m thetr mts. So doth » 7u/fy, / fee euerie thing to he dem fofih/hly^ And 

tncaute •mnta. /n r • ^ 

agt ^'tdeo. lUe jtn'Bror/um pic dextrorfitm^vnm vtriy^ 

^rror.fed varies tlLudit pArtibm omnes. 

One reeles to this, another to that wall. 
tent.io. nem» thc fame Errof that deludes them alJ. 

Mtnaitqua tn ® 1 Hey Qotc ail, Dut nor alike. Maw* ya^ ira^n o^oi««,not in the fame kind 
""itfldif^or- ^*^^ ^ couetous^ a pcoy/d hfcimow, a third Ambitwm, a fourth emiofu^ ^c, 
bo '.ahoret,hu aS DamiJippHs the Stoicke hath well illuftrated in the Poet • 
UbUwuyiiU ^DeUpmrtomrKSAaueActu. 

btmnii^nutdu 1 IS an in-bred maiauy m euene one or vs, there is Uminarmm ^ultttU^ a 
^"prL'^f-Lx ^e^^^^n^rie of folly ,tp^/c^ ///f he/iirred vp^orget a bead.rviUrun in infinitum, 
sitt£prtml And infimtelj 'var-es^ oi wee our felacs are feuerAlly Addicted^ faith l BilthAzAr 
■^l^'j7^'uo and cannot foeafily be rooted out, it takes fach faft hold, as n//y 

Eft in ■>^no^M)' holds,4/r<e radtccs Jlultttia^^ fo we are bred,and fb we continue. Some fay 
Tjfal^um ^^^^"^ bee two maine defers of wit. Error and Ignorance, to which all 
aU^Hoajiufti- others are reduced,by Ignorance we know not things necef]Qirie,by Error 
TJrt£tTn ' we^' ^'"c--^ them falfely.^ Ignorance is a priuation. Error a pofitiue Ad. 
inffrntu i^M From Igporance comes Vice, from Error, Herefic, &c. But make how 
7ri!L. ^^^'^^y ^^"^"^^ ^^^^^5 ^^^^^^ and fubdiuide, few mcnarefree, or that doc 
ftuitifr^tc^ not impinge on fome one kind or other. ^ sic plerumq^ AgitAt Jlultos infcitia 
Xi^ w"; are hc that examines his owne and other mens aaions,fliall find. ' 
« wooiigathe- Charon in U^An, as hee wittily faignes, was conduded by Mercury to 
sofooh com- ^ placc,where hc might fee ail the World at once, after he had fuffi- 
moniy dote, ciciitly vicwcd and looked about. Mercury would needs know of him 
what hee had obferued : Hee told him , that he faw a vaft multitude and a 
promifcuous, their habitations like Molehils, the men as Emmets hee 
could dtfcernt Cities Itktfo msny Hmes of Bees, wherein enerie Bee had a fling 


De iA o cKiTYS to the 1\eader, 25 

and they did neught elfe but fting me Another, fime domineering, like Hornets 
bigger then the resijome like filching WAf^s ^others as Drcnei, Oucr their heads 
were houcring a confufed companie of perturbations, HopCj Feare, An- 
ger 5Auarice5lgnorance, Sec. and a multitude of difcafcs hanging, which 
they ftill pulled On their pates. Some were brawling, fome righting, ri- 
ding5rumiing,/^^/ff?/^ ambientes^calhde litigames^ for toyes, and triiiesjand 
fuch momentanie things. There Townes and Prouinces meere fadlions, 
rich againft poore,poore againft rich, Nobles againft Artificers, they 
agaihil Nobles,and fb the reft. In conclufion he condemned them all^for 
Mad-men,Fooles,Idiots, A{Ies.0y'?»///,^«4'»tf;w h^eceH AmenUA ? O Fooles, 
O Mad-men he excIaimes,w/^«4! ftudfa^tnf^ni Ubores^fyc M2d indeauours, 
ma»d aflions, mad, mad, mad . ' O feclum injipiens infacnum, a giddy- 1 catuUm. 
headed age. Herulitm the Philofbpher, out of a ferious meditation of 
mens lines, fell a weeping, and with continuall teares bewailed their mi- 
ferie,madnefle,&: folly. Democritm on the other fide burft out a laughing, 
their whole life to him {eemed fo ridiculous, and he was fo farre carried 
with this IronicallpaiHon, that the Citizens of AhderA tooke hinj to bee 
mad,and fent therefore Emballadors to Hippocrates the Phy fitian, that he 
would exercife his skill vpon him. But the Storie is fet downe at large by 
Hippocrates^ in his Epiftle to Damogetus, which bccaufeit is not imperti- 
nent to this Difcourfe, I will infert terhatim almeft, as it is deliuered by 
Bjppocrates himfelfe,with all the circumftances belonging vnto it. 
, When Hippocrates was now come to Abdera^ the people of the Citie ^f'*^ ramo[3. 
came flocking about him,fbme weeping,fbmc intreating of him,that he tem,fo(Jm/!f 
would doe his beft. After fome little repaft,he went to fee DemocritusfiiQ '^'X*^' 
people following him, whom hee found ( as before ) in his Garden in the 
Suburbs all alont^^fittij^gvponaStonevnder a plane Tree, yptihcut hofe or ''l^/nf^J^y'^ 
Jhooes^ rviih a Booke on his knees ^ cutting 'vp feuerall Be j lis and bufie at hu fiady, \ 
The multitude ftood gazinground about to fee the cowizi^e .Hippocrates /^»/^''^ 
after a little paufe,laluted:hlm by hisname,wnom he reialutea,ai named xd- furore, 
almoft that he could not call him Hkewife by his, or that he had forgot it. ^fj^^'^^^r' 
Hippocrates demanded of him what he was doing ? . He told him that hee ^tfaam <jho- 
was * hnfie in cutting -vp feuerali Beasis, to find out the caufcs cf madneffe^ and ^J^" ^"^'^ 
meldmiolj. Hippocrates commevAed his wofkc, admiring his happinefifc/^/'.frf/?^/, ' 
and leafure. And why^quoth Denmritm^haua not you that leafur e ? Be- '^^Zf^ThM^'' 
caufe, rcplyed Hippocrates, domefticall affaires hinder, neceflarie to bee 'i»^'^if ^animac 
done, for our felues, neighbours, friends, expences,difeafes/railries,and ^proliVea flco\ 
mortalities which happen, wife, children, feruants, and fuch bufineffes "^"^-^/a^errf* 
which depriue vs of our time. At this fpeech Democritus profufely laughed ^entllitpjtt 
( his friends and the people ftanding by , weeping in the meane time and n^f^rftm 
lamenting his madneffe. ) Hippocrates asked the reafon why hee laughed : yTSlv ln 
Hee told him, at the vanities and fopperies of the time, to fee men {o Gen, i»merai 
emptie of all vertuous anions, to hunt fo far after gold, hauing no end oiSfi^lZm* 
ambition, to take fuch infinite paincs for a little glorie,and to be fauored ''^'fjj^^'*** 
of men, to make fuch dcepe mines into the earth for gold,.& many times prj^lu^^ 
to find nothing,with lofie of their lines and fortunes. Some co loue dogs, ""y^f^^/J^^ 
others horfes, fome to defire to bee obeyed in many Prouinces ,5^ and yet miTfltJ*^* 
themfelues will know no obedience, ^ Some to loue their wines dearly at "/^'*'''« 


24 - J) EU ocKiTVS to the l^adt^r. 

firit, and alter a while to forfake and hate them, begetting children^with 
«LPuer»s4mant much catc and cod for their education^yct when they grow to mans eftate 
d^Hnf*^'' * defpife, negle^lj and Jeaue them naked to the worlds mcrcie. Doe 
b"'^/Jboeai not thefe behauiours expreflTe their intolerable folly ? When men line in 
c^Z* h'mtt P^^ce^they couct war5detefting quietncfle/depofing Kings^and aduance- ■ 
dejamt/. * ing Others in their ftced, murdering fome men to beget children of their 
wiues.How many ftrange humors are in men ? When they are poore and 
needy, they feeke riches, and when they haue them, they doe not enioy 
themjbut hide them vnder ground ,or clle waftfully fpcnd them . O wife 
Hfpf cerates, I laugh at fuch things being done, but much more when no 
good comes of them, and when they are done to fo ill purpofe. There is 
no truth or iuftice found amongft them, for they daily plead one againft 
ren^es'^yjtlts ^^^o^het,*^ thc fon againft the father and the mother, brother againlVbro- 
eims perpett/t thct ,kinred & friends of the fame qualitie,and all this forriches,whercof 
^tS^ku!^ after death they cannot be pofTelTors. And yet norwithftanding they will 
a^mt. defame and kill one another, commit all vnlawfull adions, contending 
God and Men,Friends and Countrcy. They make great account of many 
fenfelefle things ,efteeming them as a great part of their trcafure,ftatues, 
pictures ,an J fuch like moueables,deare boughtjS^ fo cunningly wrought, 
^fJ^^tZtT^ as nothing but fpeech wanteth in them,« and yet they hate liuing perlbns 
djwOT^te o<ifo fpeaking to them. Others affect difficult things, if they dwell on firme 
^/ Jr/' Land, they will remoue to an Hand, and thence to Land againe, being no 
*oedo ejmii. Way conOaHt iu their deiires. They commend courage and ftrength in 
itZV^'Jrmre warres,and let themfelues bee conquered by luft and auaricc 5 they are in 
briefe,as difordered in their minds,as Therjltes was in his body. And now 
f^Mm fi^iti- ti^inkcs, O moft worthy Hippocratej^ you fhould not reprehend my 
laughing, pcrceiumg fo many fooleries in frien ; ^ for no man will mocke 
^Untuerldtf ^^^^ folly ^but that which he feeth in a fecond,& fo they iuftly mocke 
' one another. The Drunkard cals him a G]utton,whom he knows to be fo- 
ber,many men loue the Sea, others Husbandry, briefeiy they cannot 
agree in their owne Trades and ProfelTions, much lefle in their Liues and 

When Hippocrates heard'rhefe words, fo readily vttered without pre- 
meditation to declaie the worlds vanitie, full of ridiculous contrarietie, 
he made anrwer,That neceffitie compelled men to many fuch adions,and 
diuers wills en(uingfrom Diuine permi(rion,that wee might not be idle 
being nothing is fo odious to them as floth and negligence. Befides,mcn 
cannot fore-fee future euents,in this vncertaintie of humane af[iures,they 
would not fo marrie,if they could fore-tell the caufesof their diflike 
and feparation^ or Parents if they knew the houre of their Childrens 
death, fo tenderly prouide for them 5 or an Husband-man fowe, if hce 
thought there would bee no increafe 5 or a Merchant aduenture to'Sea if 
he fore-faw Hiipwracke-, or be a Magiftrate, if prefently to be depofed. 
Alas, worthy Democritus^ euerie man hopes the beft, and to that end hee 
doth it, and therefore no fuch caufe of laughter. 

Democrttm hearing this excufe, laughed againe aloud, perceiuincr hee 
did not well vnderftand what hee had faid concerning perturbations and 
tranquillitie of the mind, Infomuch, chat if men would gouerne their 


Dem o c^ny s to tk l^eadtr. 25 

adtions by difcretion and prouidence^they would not declare themfelues 
Fooles, as now they doe, and hee fhould haue no fuch caufe of laughter, 
but (quoth hee) they (well in this life, as if they were immortail, for 
want of vndcrftanding .It were enough to make them wi{h^if they would 
but confider the mutabilitie of this vvorldjand how it wheelesat)out,no- 
thing being firme and fure^hee that is now aboue,to morrow is beneath 5 
he that far on this fide to day , to morrow is hurled on the other ; and fiot 
confidering thefe matters^tliey fall into many inconueniences & troubles 
coueting things of no profit^and thurfting after them.tumbling headlong fz?«»/>; /j//^ 
into many calamities. So that if men would attempt no more then what "^^""^^f** 
they can beare, they fhould lead contented lines, and learning to know '^^^p^upel'^m 
themfelues, would limit their ambition, ^ they would perceaue then that '^'ff*''f'»*^> 
Nature hath enough without feeking iiich fuperfluities, and vnprofitable mofZ.Vrtl 
things,which bring nothing with them but griefe and moleftation. As a ^'"^yf^^^* 
fatbody is morefubie6ttodifeafcs,fo are rich men : There are many %.Afh*ti^ap\9 
that take no heed what hapneth to others by bad conuerfatjon, and there- "pl^aKctf 'tm 
fore ouerthrow themfelues in the fame manner through their owne fault, 
not fore-feeing dangers manifeft. Thefe are things (6 more then mad, ^<i!![^'JtX''' 
quoth he)that giue me matter of laughter_jby fuffering the paincs of your creuzAnditm 
impieties,as your Auarice,Enuic,Mutinies,vnfatiable delireSjConfpira- h'^^^pI'Me^ 
cies, and other incurable Vices ^befides your s DiffuBulation,and Hypo- "^''^ nema 
crifie, bearing deadly hatred one to the other, and yet fhadowing it with Ve^set'/lZ 
a good face,nying out into all filthy Iufts,and tranfgreffions of all Lawes, fi^^ 
both of Nature and Ciuilitie.Many things which they haue left ofF,after ^£ttZTls 
a while they Ml to againe, Husbandry, Nauigatian, iind leaue againe, ^ «'<'Ac//<>r. 
fickle and vnconftant as they are : When they are young, they would bee \at',muta%ft 
old, and old young. ^ Princes commend a priuate life, priuate men itch ^''^f^rotun.n^. 
after honour : a Magif^rate commends a quiet life^a cjuiet man would be VemTZ'xttftc 
in his oifice,and obeyed as he is,and what is the caufe of all this,but that }^^o^»'^f>ufm, 
they know not themfelues. Some delight to deflroy,one to build,another IZTa2?£Z 
■ to fpoyle one Countrey to enrich another and himfelfe. ^ In all thefe f^^'*»*demoih: 
things they arc like Children, in. whom is no iudgement or couniell, and it^^rf^«/;V 
refemble beafls ,fauing that beafts are better then they , as being contented ^^'^•i^'"'"' 
with Nature. 1 When fhaii you fee a Lyon hide Gold in the ground, or a <ft',u,Zfmlt 
Bull contend for a better Pafturc ? when a Bore is thirfl;ie,he drinks what ^f^^J^^"/^ 
will feme himjand no more,and when his belly is full,hcc ceafeth to eat ; ^Ul^Z^dfcfe 
But men arc immoderat® in both 5 as in Luft,they couet carnall copulati- ^^J^^lj^ 
on at, fet times,men ahvaies,ruinating thereby the health of their bodies. 1 idempiut. 
Anddothitnordeferuelaughter,to fee an amorous Foole torment him- ^Zymd/fti-- 
felfe for a Wench ^ weepe, howle for a mif-fliapen flut, a dowdy, fome- 
times that might haue his choyce of the fineft beauties ? Is there any ^0ZitZ>mi^ 
remedy for this in Phyfrtke ? I doe anatomize and cut vp thefe poore nihusinuefit^ 
Beafts,"" to fee thefe diftempers,vanities5and foIlies,yet fuch proofe were ^nTilTsk^L 
better made on mans body, if my kind nature would endure it :° Who thitatemorhus 
from the houre of his birth is moft miferable, weake, and fickly- when cJ/«c£>#r^/'«- 
he fucks, he is guided by otliiers, when he is growne great,pra6i;ifeth vn- 
happinefe/ and is flurdy, afid when old^ a child againe^ and repenteth ^X^'' 

d hioi 

2^ DnvLOCKirv stothe ^ader. 

him of his life paft. And here being interrupted by one that brought 
Bookcs 3 hce fell to it againe, that all were madde, carelefTe, ftupid. To 
prooue my former fpceches , Icokc into Courts or priuate Houfes. 
P Cyprian a J ^ p ludgcs giuc iudgcment according to their owne aduantagc, doing ma- 
fidTcTm^* nifeft wrong to poore Innocents, to pleafe others. Notaries alter Sen- 
$t*iicMHrut, tences, and for money loofe their Deedes. Some make falfe moneys, 
Xrn pefmus Others counterfeit falfe weights. Some abufe their Parents, yea corrupt 
utroei, their owne Sifters, others make long Libels and Pafquils, defaming men 
^IVx^^lrt^ of good life, and extoll fuch as are lewde and vicious, fome robbe one, 
ferMT'fx"'*d ^^^^^ another. i Magiftrates make Lawesagainft Theeues, and are the 
MmtTpeZlL verieft Thecues themfelues. Some kill themfelues , others dcfpaire, 
Cyprian. not obtaining their defires. Some dance, fing, laugh, feaft,and backbite, 
l^Jym^nT^ whilft Others llgh,languiriia mourne and lament, hauing neither Meat, 
^Amli^JtC* Di:inke,nor Cloathcs. ^ Some pranke vp th'eir bodies, and haue their 
^Herrendit res minds full of execrable Vices. Some trot about to beare falfe- witnefle^ 
^^erbaftne»u- xhiug fot money,and though ludges know of it, yet for a 

bribe they winke at it, and fuffer falfe Contrails to preuaile againft 
*^i»nltlrhl' l^^^iti<^' Women are" all day a drefring,to pleafe other men abroad, 
LaesJ^eri^s and goc like Sluts at home, not caring to pleafe their owne Husbands 
TauUe^'Z'^^" ^hom they fhould. Seeing men are fb fickle, Co fbttifh, fo intemperate, 
ierare tztmen why fhould not I laugh at thofe to whom ' folly feemes wifedome, will 
Xtexdeltm' cuted, and perceiue it not ? 

teflAHi<^*x 93 It grew late, Hipfeerates left him, and no fooncr was hee come away, 
'c^'^TJ^T/ but all the Citizens came about flocking, to know bow hee liked him. 
hh.serm.1, Hce told them in briefe, that notwithftanding thofe fmall negleds 
]!f^Tm^e of his Attire, Body, Dyet," the World had not a wifer,a more lear- 
d,ctmt. ncd,a more honeft man, and they were much deceiued to fr.y that he 
//<r«L/«4i^= wasmad. 

nurationeme xhus Democritm efteemed of the Worki in. his tiAiie, and this was the 
'v^mKnti4m caufe of his laughter : and good caufe he had . 

tffendi faptet- 

*^^JZplted * Olim iure c{uUem nunc flm Bmofrite ride, 

tmnes homtnes ^utn Ytdcs f Pita hac nUM mapc ridicuU efl, 

prudentioret ^ 

xE irAc.Epig. Vemocritus did well to laugh of old. 

Good caufe he had, but now much more. 
This life of ours is more ridiculous 
Then that of his,or long before. 

Neuer fo much caufe of laughter, as now,neuer fo many Fooles and 
yPiufreiDme* mad-men.'Tis not one Demtcritits will ferue turne to laugh in ihefe daies, 
Vjm""'^ wee haue now need of a Demecrim to laugh at Democr/fusy one leftcr to 
j^^^ruffJi flout at another,one Foole to fleare at another ; A great Stemoreajt Dem^^ 
S/^rSrl^ mV/^.as big as that RhodioM CcUffk, For now, as Salisburienfis faid in his 
tivcLQ^t$tits mundm hiHrienem agit^ the whole World playes the Foole,we 
iTePctrM! ^^^^ * new Theater, a new Sceane, a new Comedie of Errors, a new 
companie of perfonate A(Stors,W/;jf/4r/4^r4(as C4i5f<g»//?w wittily faignes 


Demo cKiTvs to the 7(eader. 27 

in his Apologs)are celebrated all the World ouer,*\vhere all the Adors 
were Mad-men and Fooles, and eucrie houre changed habites, or tooke * 
that which came next. He that was a Mariner to day, isan Apothecarie l^s^^Xl 
to morrow ; a Smith one whileja Philofopher another his voluffta ludu. ^"^ ^ »'«^> * 
A King now with his Crowne, Robes, Scepter, Attendants , by and by pZsXfe' 
droue a loaded Alfe before him like a Ciinerj&c. If BemccritHs were ' 
ahuenow.he lliould lee ftrange alterations, a new compitnieof counter- L'wl''^'5!^ 
feit Vizards, WiMqi^ fumAne AlTes^Maskers, Mummers, painted Pup- ''if.f''"^"' . 
pets, Outiides, Phantafticke lhadowes. Gulls, Monftei^,^iddy-heads,*t>.:Jr^^^^^^^ 
Butter-flyes. And lb many of them are indeed ( 5" if all- bee true that I 'Tm^^^^^' 
haueread) For when //K/^z/^-r and wedding was folemnized of old, 
the Gods were all inuitedto the Feaft, and many Noble-men befides : J^^f^,''*"" 
Amoneft the reft came Cyypilu^ a PcrftAn Prince,braue ly attended, rich in y caicogmnt^i 
golden attires,in gay robes,with a maiefticall prefence, but otherwife an i^^.^^^''^"^* 
Aflc. The\(!iods Teeing him come in fuch pompc and Hate, rofe vp to 
giue him place,^Jf hAUtu hominem metientes ; but lupter perceiui'ng what {'i^i.^u^^^^;^ 
■^^ee was, a light, phantafticke^ idle fellow ,turned him and his proud fol- 
lowers into Butter-flyes : And fo they continue ftill (for ought I know to "^Xl'^fLl 
the contrarie ) rouing about id Pied-coates, and are called chryfaltdes by ji»it»oredienti, 
the wifer fort of men : that is , Golden out fides, Drones, Fly cs, and things f^^^**"* 
of no worth. Multitudes of fuch,&c. 

/ . . " ftterperJfxcieSj 

— vbt^ inuentes att» ('n<j»tr) 

Smltos 4uarosjycophai»tasprodigos. tcZTi},, 

inany additions, much increafe of madnelfe, folly, vanitie, fhould Bemo- Xll^eft,^'" 
eri(ui obferue,were he now to trauell,or could get leaueof Plato to coine 
fee fafhions, as ch4ron did in LucUn^ to vifit our Cities of Moronta Pia^ %^o?I»t^t"'uf. 
and MorontA Feelix^ fure I thinke hee would breake the Rim of his Belly ^<>»»»is. 
with laughing. . . 

^ Si foret in terris ridcret Dem^critm^feu^c^c. a 
A Satyricall RomAne in his time, thought all vice, folly, and madnelTe 
were all at a full Sea, 

^ Omminprtzcifitivitiumfietit. — b/»»e» 
the Hiflorian, taxeth his Countrey-men/ni'^j for bragging *Dehii(ir^d, 
of their vices,publiniing their follies,and that they did contend ampnglt 
thcmfelucs, who fhould bee moft notorious in viilanies • but wee flow *"''»'»'mu- 
higher in madneire,farre beyond them, fmltl?i*fu- 

^ Mox daturtprogemem vttiofiorem^ h»het$s 
and the latter end (you know whofe Oracle it is ) is like to bee worft. Vuf^!"^'^^' 
'Tis not to bee dcnycd, the world alters euerie day, if «»/?rt/r^w,rf^;;4 
tYAnfferuntur^fyc, ^ArtAntur hAbitM^Uges inmuAntur^ as ^ PHrArch obferues, d m.j.e^pj 
we change Languagc,Habites,Lawes,Cu{lomes,Manne]?s,but not Vices, 
not Difeafes,not the fymptomes of Folly and Madnefle, they are fl:ill the 
faniCi And as a Riuer we fee,kcepes the like name and place,but not wa- 
ter, and yet cucr runs, 

« LAbitur^ Uhetur in smne ^$lul?ilis avum 5 « nor. 

Our times and perfons alter, vices are the fame, and euer will bee - boke 

d 2 how 

28 Dv-MocKiivs to the l\eader. 

dsuperfiltioefi^^^'^ Nightingales fang of oldjCockes crowed, Kinc lowed 5Sheepe 
inftnuserror. bleated jSpaiTowes chirpedjDogges barked, Co they doe flill, wee kcepe 
^^eigJ"^'^' madneffe ftill, play the fooles ftill, nec dum fimtm Oresies^ wee are of 
* LaeHH. the fame humors and inclinations as our Prcdeceflbrs were,you fhall find 
fhc liubTff''^' alike, much at one,we and our Sonnes, 
idyeux, ^oing Et natt fJAtoru qui fidfiuntur ab iUis . 

the Alps w " And fo Hiall our Pofteritie continue to the laft. But to fpeake of times 
Rome^<kc, jprefcnt. 

^ocTt^^nTpl- If VemocritM were aliue now, and fliould but fee the fuperfcition of 
mnty' /uper- quj; agCjOur ^ Religious madnefle,as « Mtterdn cals ii^Religiofam in/amam^ 
%^ntSuo"T fo many profefTed Chriftians,yet fofew imitators of ChriB^Co much talke 
*T^"£/^ Religion.fo much Science, fo little Confciencc, fb much knowledge, 
*^mdtfLiiiJ fo many Preachers, fo little pradife- fuch varietie of Seds, fuch heaue 

turtts jhrete obuiA fignu Stgm^ (ys. 

eos,ftc^mp*u- abfurd and ridiculous Traditions, and Ceremonies : If hee fhould 

cterhHS fare- ,. »^f> n 

re^t,seMec. ^ iiiect 2. CAfuchwe^ 2. FranctjcAH^ a lefmte^ a Man-Serpent, a lhaue-crowned 
\Si*miHiff*^ /i/<7»^<f in his Robes,a begging Frier ,or fee their three-crowned Soueraign 
nj,,oiunen>- Lord the Pope, poore Peter's Succeffor, Sertif^s [eruorum Dei^ to depofe 
tT.;/^«v£-"'^^"§^ ^^^^ ^^^^ Foot,to tread on Emperors necks, make them ftand bare- 
Cool and bare-legg'd at his gates,hold his bridle and ftirrup,&c. ( O that 
^l7g^nl^7Jntt' ^^^^^ /'^fl/ wer^aliue to fee this. ) If hee lliould obferue a % Prince 
ie»is,eafaais, crecpc fo deuoutly to kiffe his Toe, and thofo Red-cap Cardinals, poorc 
^^u,purjafe~ Parifh-Priefts of old, now Princes companions ; what would hee fay, 
ri}s,mimsy ^ Cwkm iffum fetitur jiultitia. Had he met fome of our deuout Pilgrims 
^^f^luftrai" ' goi^^g bare-foot to lerufAlem^RQme,SMmUgo^Saim ihomasShiaey to creep 
aqHts,raf>iris^ to thofo Counterfeit and Maggot-eaten Reliques .Had he beene prefent at 
'^ZtdSl^^di- a Malfe, and feene fuch killing of Paxes, Crucifixes, cringes, duckings, 
cibus^crlctymy their fcucrall attites and Ceremonies, pictures of Saints, ^ Indulgences, 
"^hurZZ'Jn- Pardons,Vigils,Fafting,Feafts,crofrmg,kno.cking,kneeli>ng at Aue-Marj- 
cxKtsrtoKjbi^; Bels, with many fuch, ^ 
\t%'l^df,!^c iucundctrudifpeSincuUflebi^ 

^akrade aitis praying in Gibberifli,and mumbling of Beads. Had he heard an old*wo- 
iTh.Nea^eor. man fly her prayers in Latinc,their fprinkling of Holy-water, andgoin^- 

i Dicmjlmulit 2i Pi OCeffion, " 

^i!^*irfit'**o — * incedunt monachorum agmma mille^ 

amtcru JJ?am Q^j^ memmm vextUA^cruces^idoU^ cultA^^c. 

JjJu iif>raru Their Breuiaries,Buls, hallowed Beanes, Exorcifmes, Pidures, curious 
uzT'^^^'f^- ^^^^^^3 Fables and Babies. Flad hee read the Ge/de^ Legend, the Turkes 
terdiVde^'it' -^IcAYon^oi leToes Talmud^t\\Q RAbbins Comments ^\w\\^i would hee haue 
lufe thoueht ? How doeft thou thinke hee might haue beene affeded > Had 
itbutisciunei he iTiore particularly examined a lefittes hfe amongft the red, hee fhould 
S"*^'^*"^ haue feene an Hypocrite profeiTe pouertie,' and yet poffeiTe more Goods 
%rip;M' and Lands then many Princes, to haue infinite Treafures and Reuenues 
Eut^iTey fluii ^^^^^ Others to faft,and play the Gluttons themfelues. ^ Vow virginitie^ 
preuailc no talke of holinefle, and yet indeed a notorious Bawd, and famous Forni- 
mn^eifc fliaii ^^^^^^ l^^fKum pscm, a verie Goat. Menkes by Profeffion, fuch as giue 
beknowne toQucr the World5and the vanicie> of it, and yet a tAAchiAMdn rout 

•11 men. . ^ \ 


Deuockitys to the l^eader, 29 

^ interefted in all manner of ftate : holy men^peaccmakers, and yet com- rnBe>Tff»it4ti> 

pofed of enuy^luft^ambition, hatred, and malice jfirebrands, ai/st/fa patyU CtmtsfdaUt^ 

/^tfi^iy^traitorSjafrafinatSj/^ic itur ad af^ra.and this is to fupererogate,3^ me- '"i^cmZuriH 

lit Heauen for themfelues & others. Had he feene on the other iidc^fome ■Rf**^''-- b*- 

of our nice and curious Schifmaticks in another extfeame,abhorre all ce- 

rcmonies^and rather lofe their liues and liuings, then doe or admit any 

thing Papifts haue formerly vfcd, though in things indifFerent(they alone 

are the true Church^/i/ terr^^ cum fintommnra infulpfsimi .) Formalifts, 

out of feare and bafe tiattery, like fo many wethercockes turne round_, a 

rout of temporifers^ ready to embrace and mainraine all that is, or fhall 

be propofedjin hope of preferment : Another Epicurean company, lying 

at lurch as fo many vultures, watching for a prey of Church goods, and 

ready to rife by the downfall of any : as ° LucUn faid in like cafe, what „ o^idtihi. 

doft thou think Demscrttus wouidhaue done Jiad he bin fpedator of thefe ^''^'«''>«?«- 

- . , . rus Detaocrt" 

things ? tas/thofum 

Or liad he but obferued the common people follow like (b many Hieep, ^^'7""** 
one of their fellowes drawne by the homes ouer a gap, fomefor zeale, * 
Ibme for feare,^/w fe mn^ rapit temfeJtas^xQ2:^-j to dye before they wil ab- 
iure any of thofe ceremonies, to- which they haue bin accuftomed5 others 
out of hypOcrilie frequentSermonSjknock their breO:s,turn vp their eyes^ 
pretend 'zeale,de{ire reformation,and yet profeiled vfurers,gripers,mon- 
fters of men,harpyes,diuels,in their Hues to expreffe nothing lefle. 

What would he haue faid to fee, heare,and read fo many bloody bat- 
tles,fb many thoufands flaine at once,fuch ftreames of blood able to turne 
\^\\%\Ffiiui nexam /»r/tf/A,without any iuft caufe, t for vaim titUsf faith ... 
AuUin ) precedency J»m mnch^er juch like toy^ or ont of aejire of Mmmeenng^ ttonum tuuios^ 
^ain'glory,malice,r€uettge^fdlly^ madneffe (goodly caufes all, ob quas vniuer- f^^^^'-f^^^ 
fus Of bis bcUis cadibus mifceatur'Jfvarres begm by the perfwafion of a few cefidmmulter- 

hfi^ ambition jduarue^^'C. tales raptunt fceUrata, mprxlia ca»fa,F los howimm^ ^mmlna fit^Z 
Proper men, carefully brought vp, Jible both in body and minde, found, nocendhi^'c. 
led like {o many p beads to the daughter in the flowre of their years, pride p ^^^^ 
and ful ftrength, without all remorfe and pitty,facrificed toP/utff,SLs Co ma- ftneieHutoa. 
ny fheepe,4oooo.at once. At once, faid I,that were tolerable, but thefe ^^t^l^i^^!' 
warres laft alwaics,and for many ages,nothing fb familiar as this hacking 

and hewingjmaflacres, murders ,delolations. igmtoexlum clangore r<?. 

mugit^ they care not what mifchiefc they procure,fo that they may enrich 

themfelues for the pre(ent,they will fo long blow the coles of contention, 

till all the world be confumed with fire. The * fiege of T ^oy lafted tenne *Jf*^^"' ^"-f^ 

yecres eight moneths,there died 870000. Grecians, ^70000, Troiamy at 

the taking of the City,and after were flaine I'jCooo. men, women, and 

children of all {oifi.Cdfar killed a million^^Makmet the 2 TiU'ke 300000 bieukt9ie, 

perfons : Sicinius Dentatus fought in an hundreth battels, eight times in 

fingle Combat he ouercamc,had 4o.wounds before, was rewarded with 

140. CrowncSjtriumphed nine times for his good (QmicQ.MSergius had 

3 2 .wounds^ Scce va the Centurion I know not how many 5 euf ry Nation 

hath thQit He^ors^ScfptVs.Cxfars and Mfxanders. Our « Edward the fourth ccmmttu. 


^ o D E M o C'Ki T V s the ^uder. 

— V 

was in 2 ^.battels a foot : and-as they doe all, he glories in it/tis related to 
his honour. At the fiegeof lerufdem 1 100000. died with fword and fa- 
mine. At the fiegeof Opnd (thediuels Academy) a poore towne in re- 
fped^a fmall Fort 120000. men loft their hues, befides whole Townes, 
Dorpes,and Hofpitals, full of maimed Souldiers • there were Engines, 
fireworkes,and whatfoeuer the diuell could inuent to doe milchiefe with 
2 500000 iron bullets fhot off 40I weight,three or foure millions of gold 
dHift ofthe confumed. ^ Whoifiith mine Author) he fufficiently amazed at their 
fo?2°^ '^'^ P^^l^^*^^^ f^^fl'^^^y^^n* ^^i^^^^O^^ who mthottt any likelihood of good JUC' 
° * ' ceffejjazard poore Souldiers, and lead them without pittte to the Jlaug-^ter^whicb 
may iufily be called the rage of furious beafs^ that run -without reafon vpon their 
* Er^musde owm deaths : * qais mahs genius , qua furia^quapeftis^d'C. what plague,what 
^ury brought fodiuellilli, fo brutifh a thing as war firft into mens minds ? 
maibentHoien- who made fo foftand peaceable a creature, borne to loue, merGy,mceke- 
fertS*^clrd!a fielfc^fo to raue,rage like beafts, and runrie on to their owne deftruaion ? 
tnm»tHi rue~ ^qw ttiay naturc expoftulate with mankinde, Ego tediuinum animal finxi^ 
retpermtiem. j ^^^^^^ thee au harmelcffe, quiet, a diuine creature ; how may God 
^iCch Dtmth ^xpoftulate and all good men ? yet, horum faiia (2i% * one condoles) tan- 
frafat.BeUt tum admirantur ^ heroum numerohabent: thefearethe braue fpirits,the 
etutiu Gall, gallants of the world, thele admired alone, triumph alone, haue ftatucs, 
crownes, piramids, obehskes to their eternall fame, that immortal! 6V- 
e lomus. nius attends on them,^iff itur ad ajlra. When Rhodes was bcfieged, « fiffa 
vrbis cadaueribus repleta funt ^the ditches were full of dead carcalTes jand as 
when the fsLid Soiyman great Turke belegred Vienna^ they lay leuell with 
thetopofthe wais. This they make a Iport of, and will doc it to their 
friends and confederates ,againft othes, vowes,[5romifeSj by treachery or 

IttM^ut^'atA ©therwife. dolus an virtus ? quis tn hofle requirat ? 

frof!'fA btUa- leagues and lawes of armes ( <" Jilent leges inter arma) for their aduantage, 
rH^ZT'^^' o^f*f^ diuina!^humana,proculcataplerum^^funt Gods and mens lawes 
f TnUy. are trampled vnder-foot,the fword alone determines all; to fatisfie their 
luft and fplcene,they care not what they attcn>pt,fay ,or doe, 
^^^^^ g Kara fides ^pr obit af^^ viris qui caHra feqmntur, 

h Pater tnfili- Nothing fo commou as to haue ^ Father fight again ft the fenne, brother a- 
aj^'n£"lmicu< g^tn fibr Other ^kinfmAH agdtnfl kinfmanjeingdome again ft kingdome^frcumce a ■ 
tnamicu, :(^e.gainft Prouince^ chriftians again ft Chrtfttans^ a quibt^ nec vnquam cogitaticne 
Juerunt Ufi^o( whom they neuer had offence in thought, word or deede : 
ttzr,ocoiitditur hifinite treafures confumed,townes burned, flourifhing cities fackedand 
inmutZm^^ ^^xmUQ^quod^atfimus wen/niffi horret^goodly countries depopulated and 
perntttem.ith leftdefolate,old inhabitants expelled,trade and tratficke decay edjmaides 
%n^Sn£l defloured, Firgines nondumthdamisiugata^ 

tHenuum. ^ Comis fiondum pofitis eph^hi • rich, poore ,{icke, found, Lords, fcruants, 
eodem omnes incommodo w<fc?/,confumed al or maimed j&c.E^ quicquidgau- 
i fra enm 0' ^^^^ [ceUre animus audet, perverfa mens, faith Cyprian^ and whatfoeuer 
furor BeUoM tormeut, mifery, mifchiefe, hell it felfe, the diuell,^ fury, and rage can 
€onfuite,e,(3^c. jnucnt^to their own ruine anddeftrudion:fo abominable a thinp; is ''war,' 
dotts funt. as Gerbelius concludes, adeo fieda ^ abominanda res eft helium^ ex quo homi- 
i^aftationes.drc. the fcourge of God,caufe,effea:, fruit and pu- 
9mnU feeler* niHiment of finne. Had Democritus bin prefent at the late ciuill warres in 
fmmmm$flUr, France, 

De MO CKiTws to the Trader. g i 

FrMceytho(e abominable warres, hlla^ matrilffts ifUifata^ 

^lybereinleffe then inten yeAreSytenbundredtht^find men were con/u?nedSdth iGa//orum^~ 
Cdigniusy 20 thouland Churches oucrchrownc^nay, the whole king<lome J^'^-' 
fubucrted (as"" Richard D/noth addes.) So many myriadesof the Com- EVffur»^"o 
mens were butchered vp,with fword /amine, warre, ianto odio vtrinq^^vt '"''^"*f»*»d^-^ 
hitrbart ad ahhorrendAm Imimim objlufefcerent^ with fuch ferall hatred, m "f'^frji^i 
the world was amazed at it : or at our lare Pharfiikn fields in the time J^^- -^-^^^^^}^ 
of Henry the fixt, betwixt the houfes of Lancafter and Torke^ an hundred caUJ'Zhm 
thouland men flainc, * one writes, " another, ten thoufand families were 
rooted out^^^^r no man can but marneSS^ith. Commeus^ at that barbarous im- phffimuafitms 
manitte^feralL madnejfe^committed betwixt men of the fame natton, /anguagf 
religion, <> Quis furor 6 ciues ? Why doe the Gentiles fofrrioujly rage, {aith the ^^totmjrl^S 
Prophet Dau/d,P/al,2A,^\t we may aske, whyjdoe the ChriiHans fo fu-^^/j^^^^f * 
rioufly rage > f>d\ierpcr/,e^ 
* Arma volunt^ qnare pofcunt^ rapimt^ lunentus ? T^*^^ /i«fryu 

Vnfit for Gentiles,much leiTe f )r vs fo to tyrannize ^as the Spaniard in the n comtneiJ,yt 
Weft/W/V/,that killed vpin 42 yceres(ifwe may belcentPi74A//^<;/i7^/?^///4 
Cafa, their ownc Bidiop) 1 2 Millions of men, with ftupcnd and cxquiiite »'ir(tta- crude- 
tormcntsjneither fliould I lye (^faidhe) if I (aid 50 Millions. I omit thofe ^TJr^tfuX 
French )A2S^3iQiQ.% ^Sicilian Euenfongs,i the Duke ot'j'v^s tyrannies, our nter 
gunpowder machinations, and that fourth fury , as ' one cals it, the Sfiwjl) fiZZ'oZ^or 
Inquifition, which quite obfcures thofe ten perfccutions, ffAfdemii-f. ' 

^fivittctoMarsimpiHscrk, f'/^'ZC!' 

Is not ihis^ Mundus furiofus^gi mad world,as he tcarmes kj^ffwumhellum? 'rcebatur. 
are not thefe madmen as Scaliger concludes ^ quiinpr^li^ acerb a. mortem^ * r/JT' 
pinid fittmemoriam properperluo telle reUnqunnt posleritati-^ which Icauc fo P Bi/hopof 
frequent battels,as perpetuall memorials of their madnclfe to all fuccee- witncOh?^' 
dine ao-es.Would this^thinke you.haue inforced our Demaritui to laugh- ^ ^ead Me/e^ 
ter,or rather made him turne his tune,alter his tone,and wecpe witl/z/r- pcnd cruelties'. 
racUtus^ op rather howle, * roare, and teare his haire in commifcration,^^''*/^*'^'^*- 
ftand amazed^or as the Poets faine, that Niobe was for gricfc quire flupi- /rir^'ce.r^, 
fied and turned to a ftone ? I hauenot yet faid the woril, That which is [;^2{7/'*'' 
more abfurd and 5^ mad,In their tumults, feditions, ciuill and vniuft wars, x^J/mJ^^ 
^ quodflulte fufcipttur^irnpie geritur^miferepnitur^ fuchwarrcs ! meanc, for ^^''/*^' 
all arc not to be condemned,as thofe phahtafticall AnabaptiFls vainly con- ^Exercitl^' 
ceiue, our Chriftian Tadicks are all-out as nccelTary as the Roman Acics, ]^^-f''"f- 
or Gfiscim Phalanx ^ to be a Souldier is a moO. noble and honorable pro- c^i'Ldn^tZlt 
feiIion,as the world is, not to be fparcd, they are our bed: wals and bul- ^^Trll^^z 
waikcs and I doe therefore acknowlcdg^^e that of ^Tuh to be moffc 
truc All our ciuill affiirts. all our (Indies . all our pleading . induHry and-'^'"'/'^'*^"'^* 
commendation^ lyes ^vnaer the protecTion of warlike vertues , and whenjoe- capio.wcjat 
uerthereisanyfajficionof tumult^ aH our Arts ceafe • warres are moft be- 
hoouefuU, when bellatofei&gricolisciuitatifunt vtUtores^ as *Tjrius de- zEraf»u^, 
fends : and valour is mucfi to be commended in a wife man, but they ow«fw^; 
miftake moft ^zx.l^auferre^trucidAreyrapere^fdfn nominihus virtutem vocant refyemnia/fw 
drc, (Twas Galgacus obferuation in T <tcitm)ihQy terme theft,murder,and '^renp^uj'^ 
rapine,vertue,by a wrong name,rapes,flaughters,mafTakecs,&c. iocus (jr ^^^^'ji^^**'* 

fr^it heO/eA ^irtfittij Cf Jtrntdat^afi mttfmt p*Q'tc\t WmUui, *rtti iUtc« nofird (wtittjcuta. * ser, j ^ 


32 D^Mocwrws tothe Trader, 

iC>-u'/e',n,'»sj /«^^«/, areprettypaftimes, as Wo«/V«yf^«f/ notes. • Theycommenlj caU 
%Hf}mif^*e ' them>fi hairehriunehkod/fukers^firongefitheeueSy themoB dejperate viUames^ 
atront ^fo t,f treuherous r orgies, tnhumme murderers. ra(h.cruell And dilTolute catiffes . coit^ 
froiugnatores^ rugious and genct ous jptrits ^ her ot call and mrthy Captames^ hrAfte men at 
^h!ii'Z"r <rT ^^^' ^"'^^^^^^^ renowned Jouldters^ P^JPfP^ ^'^^ * brute perfwajien cffxlfe 
perfi^fioae d-j- boftmr^'^i Fontus Hftfer mhis Burguftdfdfg Hiftory complaines. By meanes 
h*ELvusHff- ^^^^^^^^^1 if comes to pafle that daily fo many voluntaries offer themfelus, 
fH,^^miusom- leauing theii iweec wiues, children, friends, for 6 ^ (if they can get it) a 
''^^'^^I'^^f/J' ^^^S defire to enter vpon breaches, lye 

>iZ/;«w mft lenrinell perdue giue the firft onfet, ftand in the forefront all the bat- 
7Z!effe'p^i^t»t ^^^^> voiJeof ail feare run into imminent dangeis_, vtvultterihus fuisfer- 
>ifA^,<jHt^o» rum hosimm heb/tepit faith « Barletius^ to get a name of valour, honor and 
4£Hcutfit4t^ applaufe, which lafts not neither,for it is but a meere flaili this fame,and 
cii^.io, 9 /. like arofe, mradiefit vmmextffjguitury\is^oneman'mihnt. Of 1 500*0 
i N^m7eJm' x^roletaries flaine in a battell, fcarce fifteene are recorded in Hiftory, and 
Tsih^iif,,if,a ?t after a while their names are lil^ewife blotted out,the whole battel it (elf 
eZaHj^Z'hn- forgottcn.Thofe Qrdicim Oi2Lioi%^(tmmk vi ingenij eloqmntta^ki out 
for»„< dffrep. the renowned ouerthrowes at ThermopyU^ SaUfmnA^ Marathro^M^cde^ 
fo!{^^'"ide^ M^'nmei^CherondA^VUtAA^. The Ronum record their battell at C^Wf4^,and 
£^^...f/,,^ tie phnfiihtn fields,but they doe but record, and wee fcarce heare of them. 
cVJu^ifem And yet this fuppofed honor,popular applaufe, defire of immortality by 
w/i^'^A^' ^^^^sirieanes,prideand vain-glory fpurres themon,many times rallily and 
ilh'atHri,'!'' vnaduifedly,to make away themfelues and multitudes of others. Alex- 
^to-^'u*mZlt f'^^^ ^^'^ becaufe there were no moe worlds for him to conquer, 
he is admired by fbme for il^artfmofivQX videtury^fregia^'twus fpoken like 
S ^^^/f ' a Prince;but as wife ^ Seneca confi^res him, 'twas vox wiquijfma ^ jtnlttf- 
' * iimti^ twas fpoken like a bedlam- Foole^ and that fentence wh ich the fame 
Ji!3.'" * appropriates to his father ?hUip and hira,I apply to them ali,A^if/^ 
*^* ^^*^oresfH(rep€HcsmortaliHm^(luamimndatto^mim^ 

^^^^'/ "^^^ mifchiefe to mortal! men.as Hre and water, thofc mer- 

Br4p,e\w»f cilefTe elements when they rage/ which is yec more to be la(ticnted,they 
perfvvade them.this hellilh courfe onife is holy,they p^omife heauen to 
gtiintmpar^ire fuch as veuter their Hues helhfdcro^ and that by thefe bloody warres, as 
\'^CmZct *P<^rfiAn$ Greekzs.QxA Romai9s of old, as moderne r//r;^:f'j doe their Com- 
mons,to incourage them to fight,i;/ cadam inftlictter.Ifthcy die in the field 
fafarrii^!it, ^^^y. f^^^^^h heatten, andfiuUhe car.omzrdfor Saints^ put in the Chro- 
caf>j. n\c\Q"i ^x/i perpctuam ret memoriam^ to their eternal! memory, when as in " 
Xnm^ltZ, truth, as gfome hold, it were much better (fince v^rarres are'the fcourge 
fhteftemjs' of Godfor (Inne, by which he punilneth mortall mens peeuifhnelTe and 
^Z^IsmiT^ ^^^^y) ^^ich brutifh Stories were fuppreffed, becaufe ad morum wUitutio- 
i7i(ifr,t<t^;t. n.m nihdhnhent ^ they conduce not at all to manners, or c-ood life. But 
i'lT^X/- they Will haue it thus neuerthele/Te, and fo they put a note o^^ dhttnity 
madt$fia^r!U vpofi the mojl crueli and permcious plague of humane kinde^ adore fuch men 

homtmm per ■ 

with grand titles,degrces,ftatues,Images,' honour, applaud and hig-hly 
t^»4a^pmit, reward them for their good feruice, no greater glory then to die in the 
TJ^lZ7fi^c^ field : as Ajrmnus is extolled by Ennim • J^ays and ^ Hercules, & I know 

UencU po'MS 


D E M o c R I T V s T(eAitr. j j 

not how many befides of old were deifi^jWent this way to Heauen, that 

were indeed oloody butchers, wicked deftroyers and troublers of the . 

Worldjprodigious monfters^hel-hounds/crall plagues ^deuourers jCom- 

mon executioners of humane kindjas LA^Aittt$ti truly proues^and Cyprim 

to Donat, fuch as were defperate in wars^and praecipitately made away 9 

themfelues(like thofe Celtes in Vimafeertf^vkh ridiculous valor ^videdeep- 

TofHm jtutdrent muro ruentife fulfdncere^ a difgrace to run away for a rotten 

wall, now ready to fall on their heads^ fuch as will not rufh on a fwords 

pointjOr feeke to fhun a Canons fhot, are bafe Cowards, and no valiant 

men. By which meanes, Midet or bis mntuo (iaguint^ the earth wallowes 

in her owne blood, ^ Sduit Am9rjcrri(!r jfceleratirtifinULelli, 

and for that,whichifitbedone inpriuate,a man l"hail be rigoroufly exe- »'T'>^^« '7» 

cured And which is no leffe then murder nfelfe^fthe (<tmefACl he done in fub - ^unm^^^t^ 

like in rvirres. it u called manhood , and the party is honour id for it, t»at ftnguii^ ^ 

e proffertim faelix fcelus pn',itci "erttmr, 

Virttis vocatur-'^—' we meaf^re all as Turkes doe ^^''tyj'iatHr. 

by the cucnt,and moft part,as Cyprian notes,in all ages, countries jplaces^ cSt'tJc'a. 
fjtv!tix mAgmtudotmpurjitatemfteleriA acquitit^ the foulneflc of the fad, 
vindicates the offender. ^ One is crowned for that which another is tor- a 
mentcd : llle crucem feeler is prectum tulit^ hie d/idema. 

made a Knight, a Lord, an harlc, a great Duke (sls ' ^g^ippA notes j for cDeyanit.fii^ 
which another iTiould haue hung in gi [ibQts ,as a terror to the reft, er,t de pnna/. 

lc^U^c.a/ur, rt^^,.^. 

Sifeciffci Hem caderet Jutfiud'ce morum, 
A poore llieep-ftealer is hanged for (teahng of vidiuals, compelled per- ^^C^Jiv^r/^^^ 
aduenture by necelTity of that intollerabic cold,hungcr and thirft,to faue 
himfelfe from ftaruing : but a g great man in office, may fecurely robbe jrj'^j'J^'^'*^!.. 
whole Prouinces,vndoe thoufawds,pill and polc,opprcfIe ad libttum^ flea, metum ht 
grind,tyrannize, inrich himfelfe by (poyles of the commons, be vncon- ^' 
troleableinallhisadions, an J after all, be rccompenccd with turgent cmuut. 
titles, honoured for his good feruice, and no man dare finde fault, or J^J^^^^^^^ 
^ mutter at it. i rmj>r,iumf^ 

How would ourDrw^Jrr/Wiaue bin aifeded,to fee a wicked caytilfe.or ^m'Zjfth^ 
*foo!e^a. very id/ot^A funge, a monfler of man^ to h&ne many good rtten^ wife mcn^ ms^trot.mfer- 
learned men to attend vfon htm r^nh ak ftsbmrfjio as an appendix to his riches, ^TddttlTJdt 
for til At rcj^e^ Alone ^ becAufe he hath more wealth and rnony^ ^ and to honor him f*"' connn- 
with diumc titles^ AndhumhAfl Epithets, to fmother him with fumes and cu- ^i^^fmaZZ 
logies, whom they know to bea dizard, a foole, a couctous wretch, a '«'»»^«'/,>'''/- 
beaft,&:c. bcaufehee is rich. To fee fub exuv^s konis onagrum, 3. filthy ^i!^!ZnZ^ 
lothfomc carcaffcj a MgoMshcad puffed vp by parafites, alTume this vnto '^'^ 
himfelfe, glorious titles,in worth an infant, a Cuman allc, a painted fe- kterZi^'^ 
pulchre^an <tA^gypt/an temple. To fee a withered face, a difcafed, defor- '^/^^f^/^^'^^rf 
med, cankred complex !0n, a rotten Carcaflc,a viperous minde,and Epi- MiAm^^uUttl- 
curean fbule fet out with Orient Pearlesjewels, Diadems, pcrfumes.cu- *]'"'"^«renit 
riouselaborate workes,asproudof his cloathes, as a chikleof hisnew/^'r/j^'M^y^^ 
coats^and a goodly perfonof an Angelike diuine countenance ,a Saint,an IT'i^^^^^^^^^ 
humble mind,a mpeke fpirit cloathed in ragges,beg,and now ready to be w^r^^r^/, 
ftarued.To fee a filly contemptible flouen in apparell, ragged in his coat,^*2^^^^'j^^ 

e polite 

^ j. Demo n n i x v s to the ^ader. 

polite in fpcechjof a diuinc ipirit^wife : another neat in cloathes, fpruce, 
full of curtcfiejCmpty of grace,wit5talke non-fenfe. 

To fee fo iiuny Lawyers, Aduocates, fo many Tribunals, (o little In- 
fticc 5 fo many Magiftrates, fo little care of Common good 5 fo many 
^ Lawes,yet neuer more diforders j T ribunal litium fegetemfthQ Tribunal,a 

Labyrinth/o many thoufand Suites in one Court fometimes, fo violent- 
ly followed. To kemuBifff mum Jafemriprafedentem^ tmpumreUgioniy 
im^erttijjimim eruditioni^ otiofijfmum khori^ monfirofrm humanitati. To 
^Mteivf^e^ ^^^'^LaiT^be executed, a Wolfe pronounce fentence, Z^//** arraigned, 
inntceni persat and fur fit on the bench, the ludge feuerely punifh others,and doe worfe 
^'a^^t'firi" himfelfe, eundem furtum fiieere yunire^ ■ rafinam fk£iere^ quum fit 
^mdinti*sofe'' tpferaptor. Lawes altered, mifconftred, interpreted pro and con, as the 
m^uioniusApo. ^^^g^ made by friends, bribed, or otherwife affected, as a nofe of 
nsdutanusi.3, vvaxe,good to day , none to morrow : or firme in his opinion, caft in his. 
o^Er^TrZleiu ^^ntence prolonged, changed ad arbhrium ludicu, ftill the fame cafe,? one 
mf>ti eft nip thru ft out ofhis inker itance^another f rifely put in by fauour,falfe forged deeds or 
^petrolMs^"' ^^^'fi K^^^ negligtintur^ lawes are made and not kept^or if put in exe- 
Q^dfietMt cution, 1 they be fome fiily ones that are punillied. As put cafe it be for- 
"ication, the father will difinherit or abdicate his childe, quite caOieere 
idtm, him (out villaine be gone,come no more in my fight)a poore man is mi- 
l"edttZ'^T ^'^f^ibly tormented with lofTe of his eflate perhaps^goods, fortunes, good 
^ttrT!'*'t°'"^' ^^^^^/^^ ^"^^ difgraccdjforfaken, and muft doe penance to the vtmofl, 
^»l/Iptm'eol' ^ mortall finne,and yet make the worfl of it^mnquid aliud fic/t^Cakh Tra- 
[u'ttAiter^tefla nto in the Poet, nifi quod fmunt fummii nati setter ibus^ hec hath done no 
r^mpit,(^c, more then what Gentlemen vfually doe. 
^^f^x^tce»Ot' ^ novum^ nec^ mirum.necj^fecus quam alijfolent. 

For in a great pcifon, right woriliipfull Sir, a right honorable Grandy, 
ndTm*""^'^' 'tis not a veniall finne, no not a peccadillo^ 'tis no offence at all, a common 
t fmtnSdt. 4. and ordinary thing, no man takes notice of it ^ hee iufiifies it in publike 
XX Quod tot p»t peraduenture'brags of it , ' 
dtci magiftr.4- * Nam qtiod turpe bonis ft itio^ Sttoqtie dccebat 

;»::/:?^: , Cripm,m-.--~- "Many poore men, 

tantur prxcep- yougcr DrotherSj&c.by reafon of bad policy ,and idle education (for they 
%tl!itn£s ^^^^^y t»rought vp in no calling) are compelled to begge or fteale,and 
"verhtrantyijua. then hanged for theft 5 then whicli, what can be more ignominious, 
viopJ.i?'''^ ^/>?^J enim turpe principimuUa fuppltcia, quam medico multa funera^ 'tis the 
X Dectritmtur gouemots fault. LibcHtius vcrberant quam decent ^as Schoolcmatlers doc 
^I'rSap^^ ^^^^'^^^ ^'^^^^^ then teach them when doe amifle. They had 

pltch.quttm more neede preuide there fjjmld be no more the^ues and beggars^ as they ought 
^Je!t%S»^lit'o '^iih gaud policy^ and take away theoccafions^ then let them runne oxi^as they doe 
foretnef^ret to their ownedeBrucJioa: wot oudikewiCe thofe caufes of wrangling ^ a 
ITmd/rTpu- n^^li^itude of Lawyers, and compofecontrouerfies, lites luUrales & fr- 
tTnftZnecef- ^^^'^''^"^5 by fome more compendious meanes. Whereas nowforeuery 
'fiVrdeZ ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^hey goe to law, y '^ugit litibus infanum forum, (jr fdvit in* 
^ ^'f^'-j^^'^^^- vicem difiordantium rabies ^ they are ready to pull out one anothers 
ii^T"^'^' ' throats, and for commodity fquife bloody faith Hierom^ ouf^of their 
'cf£faTtt ^^^^^'^^^ ^^^^^-^ <iefame, lye,difgrace, backbite,railc, beare falfe witnefic, 
fweare, forfweare, fight and wrangle, fpend their goods^ livies, fortunes, 


D E M o c R I T V s ro the \^eader, j 5 

friends jVndoe one another ^to enrich an//<«r/>)' Adiiocate^that preyes vpon j^^,^^ • 
them both 3 and cryes Eta Socrates, Eia Xantippe-^ or feme corrupt ludgc 
that like the Kite in e^^p, while the Moufe and Frog foughtxarried both ^ 
away. Generally they prey one vpon anotm r as 10 many rauenous birds , t.^te 
brute hearts, deuouring Fillies, no medtum^ ^omneshicaut captantur aut^^^'^ll'''^^ 
CApmty aut cadaver a, qua lacerantttr^ aut corvi qui lacerant^ either deceiue, aUum drcum- 
or "be deceiued ; teare others, or be torne in peeces themfelues 5 like fo a cha- 
many buckets in a well, as one rifeth another falleth, one's empty ano- osj4'Udruj» 
ther's full ; his ruine is a ladder to the third 5 fuch are our ordinary pro- ThUll'^hj- 
ccedings. What's the market ? a place according to<^ jdmcharjis^where pocrsfiot ,<(3-c. 
in they cozen one another, a trappe • nay , what's the world it felfe ? ^ a l^Z/mrM^ 
vaft chaes^ a confulion of manners, as fickle as the Ayre, domicitium infA^'^»^->^mo 
wr««;, a turbulent troope full of impurities, a mart of walking fpirits, T/V^y^t^J^.^- 
goblins, the theater of hypocrifie, a lliop of knauery, flattery, anurfe P^jj^ocuinie- 
ry of villany, the fcene of babling, the fchoole of giddineflfe, the Acade 
my of vice; a warfare, ubtvelts rtolis fugrtandum, atttvmcas aut fuccnm IfJ^^'^J'^^^^^^^ 
^<^<f, in which kill or be kiird 5 wherein eucry man is for himfclfe, his 
priuate ends, and ftands vpon his owne guard. No charity loue,fricnd- ^'^■^^^ '^u/yt; 
iliip, feareof God, alliance, affinity, confanguinity, Chriftianity can/r^^j^'.i- 
containc them, but if they be any way^-s offended, or that ftring of com- ZT^if^^^i' 
modity be touched they fallfowle. Old friends become bitter enemies necboutmfe- 
on a fuiiden, for toyes and fmall offences, and they that erft were willing ^2^'" 
to doe all mutuall offices of loueand kindnefle,now reuile and perfecute W 
one another to death,with more then Vat 'tnian hatred, and will not be re i^'^'^-'"^*^'' 
conciled. So long as they are behouefuU, they loue or may befteed each g ^o^fxs cu?» 
other, but when there is no more good to be expelled, as they doe by ^hZficur'pX- 
an old dogge hang him vp or caiTeire him ; which ^ Cato counts a great m- deremnp,[pt 
decorum^ to vfe men like old fhooes, or broken glalTcs, which are flung to '*!uf^/"'^''^'" 
the dunghill, he could not finde in his heart to fell an old oxe, much lefTe hBe„efi.it ee- 
toturne away an old feruant : but theyinftead of recompence, reuile 
him, and when they haue made him an inflrument of their villany^ as foiutfoffe^^h, 
sBa/az^et 2.Empeiour of theTurkes^ did by Acomethts Bajfa^ make him a- ZtrT,pofrl\ 
way, or inftead of ^ reward hate him to the death, as Silim was ferued ttactHum rcd- 
by ttyerim. In a word, euery man for his owne ends • our fummum bonam fpa^^H'^^;^ 
is commodity, and the Godde(fe we adore Deammeta^Q^QnQ Money, ^^f-'fa^i' 
to whom we daily offer facrifice, which fteeres our hearts, hands, ' affe ^'p/lmafhre' 
<5^ions,aIl : that moft powerfull Goddeffe, by whom we are reared, de, touts' 
prefled, eleuated, ^ elleemed,the fole commandrefleof our anions, for Tzifenmis' 
which we pray3runne,ride,goe, come, labour, and contend as fi flies ^Xoi^ formam-R^zmA 
for a crum that falleth into the water. It is not worth ,vertue, wifdome, ^''^aJum' 
vaIour,Iearning, honefty, religion, or any fufficiency for which wee are 
refpe6led , but 1 money ,greatneire,office,honour, authority; honefty is ac- 'inanlr^^^ 
counted folly : knaucrv'^pollicy : « men admired out of opinion, not as ^'*f/'«^^''''^% 
they are, but as they feeme to be : fuch lhittmg,lymg, cogg!ng,plotting, fd^h omatu 
counterplotting ,temporizing, flattering, cofening,diflembling, " that (^ffj^j*^*' 
necefiity one mu^ highly offend God if he he confer ntAhle to the worlds Creti'^re exceUhes.c^r^ 
€ttm Crete^ or elfc Hue comempt^ difgrace^ arid m 'tfery. One takes vpon him '^^pl'^^J'J*^, 

poftponitnumru lucro^ercaft* ytnece^Atium fitUl Deo dijpdceref ^el al> hot?t/)^ffieo»femni,y>exari,f^£ff/t, 

e 2 tem^ 

j6 Deuockitv s to the ^ader. 

z^tcuriosfit temperancCjholinefTc^another aufterity^a third an affeded kinde of fim^ 
Ttifv^T P^^^i^y? when as indeed he^and he5and he5and the relt are * hyf9crites^4m* 
b Tr^/eUphU' i^^exters^outfides^^ like fo many turning pidures, a lyon on the one fide, 
jtmties^eUen' ^ lambc on the other. How would Democritui haue beeneafFeded to fee 
h,min„%(i^ thefe things? 

fum e<ju(. To fee a man turne himfclfe into all ("hapcs like a Camelion, or as Fro^ 
crW^rtf/w*/- tetis^Omma transformansjeje m mruuU rerum^ to aa twenty parts at once, 
fdZraterr^t aduantagc, to temporize and vary like Mercury the planet, good 

with goodjbad with bad ^ of all religions ^humorsjinclinations, to fawne 
e AmZrefo' ^^^^ ^ SpAfftardy mentitis& mimkis obfeqttfjs^Tagc: like a Lyon, barke like ^ 
mines ytfMis CurrCjfight like a Dragon,fting like a Serpent,as meeke as a Lambe,and 
fTatlTcjpld ^S^ific grin like a Tyger, weepe like a Crocodile, infult ouer fbme, 

and yet others infult ouer him, here command, there crouch, tyrannize 
ha^e^Kiiii in one place ,be baffled in another, a wife man at home, a fooie abroad to 
thetwocnds make Others merry. 

Sfiue-g^iS-r , "^^^ difference betwixt words ahd deeds,fo many parafanges 

one multiplies, betwixt tongue and heart, men like Stage-players ad variety of parts, 
IiftWngsS/Tc! ' g^"^ precepts to others, fore aloft, whilft they themfelues grouell 
fM/niflrt locus on thc gtound. 

^^Mhujmtnh To fee a man proteft friendfhip,kifle his hand, ^ quem mallei truncatum 
firaturlferuus 'vtderty « fmilc with an intent to doe mifchicfe,or cofcn him whom he fa- 
hZZ'jTJ» lutes, *magnifie his friend vnworthy with hyperbolical] elogiums; his 
^'"VHtlerram ^"^"^y ^^^^ ^ man,to vilific and difgrace him, yea all his adions, 
%u^le^Ltpa^ with the vtmoftliuor and malice can inuent. ^ 
^Z^elulZT' ^ ^ feruant able to buy out his mafter,him that carries the mace 

IdaiitMe^ more worth then the Magiftrate,which Flato Ub. i iJe leg, abfblutely for- 
^cScTZTdfl' ^i^s,£/'/V7^///if abhors. An horfe that tils the g land fed with chafFe,an idle 
iade haue prouendcr in abildance^him that makes fhoos go barefoot him- 
ti£en* ^^^"^ >^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ pincdja toyling drudge ftarue.a drone florifh . 

i Boiinli^M To fee men buy fmoake for warcs,caftles built with fooJes heads,men 

k&lity- ^^^^ ^P^^ ^^^^^^ fal'hions,in tires,geftures,aaions : if the King laugh, 

aU laugh y ^ Rides^ maiere chachinm, 
\te!cl&]Tau ' . Concutitur^ fietfi lachrymas ccn^exit amid. i Alexander 
^)cmne,pueiu ftouped, fo did his Courtiers, Alphonfits turned his head, and fb did his 
^ITZm"' parafites. ^4^//;^ /'e^>/>^'/, wife,wore amber-colour'd haire,fo did 
Afesarem. all the R&man Ladies in an inftant,her fafhion was theirs. 
w'!Ur"'' To fee men wholy led by affec^ion,admired and cenfured out of opini- 
m AgrippAepu ou without iudgement ; an incon/iderate multitude, like fb many dogs in 

cerebrum e^iin 

a Village,if one barke all barke without a caufe ; as fortunes fan turnes^f 
^ fauour,or commended by fome great one, all the world ap- 

Tp/kLThiY P^auds him, I if in difgrace,in an inftant all hate him. 

"e«bTcad!°' ^ .^^^^^ ^^^^"^ ^"^^^ belly , his guts in his head,an hun- 

drethoakes on his back,to deuoure an 100. oxen at a meale,nay more to 
Xr^rvtl""^ deuoure houfes & towns,or as thofe Anthropophagi ^10 eate one another. 
%ntumdUt^ To fee a man rowle himfelfe vp like a fnow-ball,ftom bafe beegery "to 
iZZ'Us f^§^^ worfhipfullandright honorable titles,iniuftly to fcrew himfelfinto 
mentifmerht, honors and ortices^another to ftarue his Genim^ damne his foule to gather 

^^^"^^ ^^^y^*^ ^^^^1^^^^^ prodigallfon meltsand con- 
fumes in an inltant. 

D E M o c R I T V s T^cader. 

To fee the Kaxo^HA/W of our times man bend al his forces^meanSgtime^ 
fortunes to be a fauorites/auorites,fauorite,&c. a paraliteSjparafites^pa- 
rafite^that may fcorne the feruile world5as hauing enough already. 

To fee a Scholler crouch and creepe to an illiterate Pefant for a meales ^ n^irhai- 
meat. A Scriuener better payd for an Obligation • A Faulkner receaue demfmgere,in 
greater wages thena Student ^ A Lawyerget more in a day then a Philo-f^^J^^^^';^'*;^^^ 
fopher in a yeere, better rewarded for an houre, then a Scholler for a CDoam^eHa. 
yeeres ftudy ^ him that can * paint rhsis^ play on a fiddle^curle hayre^&c. 7-^7,^xiie' 
iboner get preferment then a Philologer or a Poet . mmpropr um 

To fee a fond Mother like^y2/s Ape,hug her child todeath,a^wittall^l'^;%t7 
winke at his wiues honeftie^and too perfpicuous in all other atfaires 5 one omifafmorh. 
ftumble at a ftraw^and leap ouer a block ^ rob Peter ^and pay FauL Scrape ^/JZtarfJCt 
vniuft fumraes with one hand, pur chafe great Mannors by corruption, 
fraud, and cozenage, and liberally to diih-ibute to the poore with the ^uclZf/jll' 
other, giue a remnant to pious vfes,&c. Pennie wife, pound fooliili; 
Blind men iudge of colours 5 Wife men filent, Fooles talke 5 * find fault pubUceqZi 
with others, and doe worfe themfelues ; denounce that in P^ibliquc, ^^'^•^^^^^^j'^ 
which hedoth in fecret, and which Aurelias P^i^or giuesout of Auguftfi4^ depro"Zres*' 
feuerely cenfure that in a third, of which he is molt guiltie himfelfe. ]l"fZlt!!s f'ij 

To fee a poore fellow or an hired Seruant venture his life for his new ^thll'enu/ ' 
Maftcr, that will fcarce giue him his wages at yeeres end ^ A Noble man X^Adiml'secd 
inabrauado to encounter death, and for a fmall flafh of honour to ca,{k ^/i.cap.zij/ 
away himfelfe ; A Worldling tremble at an Executioner, and yet notf^f^^J'^" 
feare Hell-fire; To wifh and hope for immortalitie, defire to be happy, /^'^j^f^^/Zs 
and yet by all meancs auoyd death,a neceflary paflage to bring him to it. ZXj^'^et 

To fee a Foole-hardy fellow like thofe old "^Danesy Qui decoUAri malum p^»dum cttc 
^uamverherari^dyQ rather then be punifhed,ina fottifh humour embrace ^aillTi^^er^ 
Death with alacritie, yet fcoliie to lament his owne finnes and milcries, ^'**»osfiiu' 
or his dearefl Friends departures. . t'^lttZn- 

To fee Wife-men degraded, Fooles preferred ; one gouerne Townes *»rDam,^t 
and Cities,and yet a filly woman ouer-rules him at home; * Command a "tTsCc prTJ*. 
Prouince,and yet his own Seruants or Children prcfcribe Lawes to him, ^'^^J"""''^" 
as rhemiHocles Sonne did in Greece^ what I will ( faid he ) my Mother -wii^ % trlaTuL 
and what my Mother will^ my Father doth. To fee Horfes ride in a Coach, ?*'f'"'^'^^'ix 
men draw it; Dogges deuoure their Maflers ; Towres build Mafons- 
Children rule ; Old-men goe to Schoole ; Women weare the Breeches 5 ^"^^ . 
y Sheepedcmolifh Townes, deuoure men,&:c. And in a word, the world ^j^2Zc 
turned vpfide downward. Oviueret Democr/iusl y^^fmarer 

* To inflfl in euerie particular were one of Hercules labours, there's fo "^^t^^Ufa- 
many ridiculous inftances,as motes in theSun.^«4/?/««ij eHin rebm inane? 
And who can fpeak of diVi-Krimine ah vno Difie omnesytake this for a tafte. mitepellT, 

But thefe are obuious to fenfe,triuiall and well knowne,eaf]e to bedif- "Zhu!^'"' 
cerned. How would Dtrmcritm haue been moued, had he feene * the fc- 
crets of their hearts ? If euerie man had a window in his breft, which '^f.^Zu!' 
MamM would haue had in Vdcans man,or that which TuUy fo much wifht ytopM.\. 

z Diverfos 

_ rlji trtbtttt ttd^ 

turd fftrtrts, * bemBcrit,gpfr<td,Hei deitr antes et pet Antes deprehendet^ hos 'vomentesy lUes ltti£M/es, tnflduu moUef»tel 
ptffrdgaHtetfyenenamffcentft, iudrnkwHrndccufttmemfuhfcrihentes^ hos gUna^ittot Amhttione, cupidttae^ vfentc cAt' 


Democritvs tothe 7\eadtr, 

it were written on eucrie mans forehead, Quid qui/^ de republica [entirety 
what he thought, or that it could be effected in an inftant,which MercHry 
did by charon in LucUn^ by touching of his eyes, to nnake him difcerne 
femel Jimiil rumor es fufurros^ 

Spes homtnum cxcAt^ morhos^voturH^ labor es^ 
Et papm tote volU antes dthere euros . 
* Bhnd hopes and wifhes,their thoughts and affaires, 

Whifpers and rumours,and thofc flying cares. 
That he could cubiculorum ohdudoi feres recludere, ^fecreta cordium fene- 
/r^rf-, which y Cyprian defired,open doores and lockes,fhoot bolts, as Luci- 
Ip^.t^^uop GAUm did with a feather of his tayle : or Gjges inuilible ring, or fome 
pojJennf^ecM fare perfpediue glafle, or GtacouHicori^^hidi might fo multiply Species^ 
■Stlr^f!^*' chat a man might heare and fee all at once (as MarHAnm Capeii^is Jupiter 
^Liy.i .denttp. in ^ Speare^ which he held in his hand, which did reprefent vnto him 
UldfiJgJ^KA. all that was daily done vpon the face of the Earth ) obferue Cuckolds 
**°ZytAaU* Homes, forgeries of Alcumifls,the Philofophers Stone,&c.and all thofe 
workes of darkeneffe, foolitli vowes, hope^, feares, and wifhes, what a 
To /^''/ftr^^r* ^^^^^ laughter would it haue afforded ? He fhould haue fcene Wind- 
mills in one mans head, an Hornets nefl in another. Or had hce beene 
^/Mtuluia P^"^f^nr wiihlcaromemppw in Luaan at hptters whifpering place^ * and 
lupitetannos.^ heard onc pray for rayne, another for fayre weather 5 one for his Wiues, 
^r^fo^^d' another his Fathers death, &c. To aske that at Gfid's hands, which they arc 
lurp^fima^ota. abafljcd any man fhould heatt : How would hee haue beene confounded ? 

W ould hee, thmke you, or any man elfe fay that thefe men were well in 
meuerif anrem thcir wi ts > Hac fini effe horntnis quis fanus iuret OreHes ? 

'^uldfflTho- Can all the Hellebor in the Anticyrs cure thefe men ? No fure, an Acre 
mines wiunt of Heliehor mil net doe it, 

senJ^epToJ.t f which is more to bee lamented, they are mad like Seneca's blind 
^^fi woman, and will not acknowledge, or fecke for any cure of it. If our 
nof/crplru/f^' ^^'g§^ ^^"^^ offend vs, wce couet by all meanes poiTible to rcdrefle it, 
Ui ^ ^^^^ labour of a bodily difeafe, wee fend for a Phyfitian ; but for 
Ic^otf^lhnL the difcafes of the mind, we take no notice of them : Luf\ harrows vs on 
tfllnimJ^'^ the one fide, Enuie, Anger, Ambition on the other. Wce are torne in 
dsftrs curandt peeccs by our paflions^as fo many wild horfes,one in difpofition, another 
*numHi^ ^"l^a^i^^ 5 melancholy, another mad ; * and which of vs all ieekes 
t piatttusMa^ for helpc,doth acknowledge his error ,or knows hee is ficke ? As that flu- 
TJnTn'X-^ pid fellow put out the Candle, becaufe the biting.Fleas lliould not find 
hort wgere ob- him hce fhroudcs himfelfe in an vnknowne habite, borrowed titles,be- 
Ts^Zmt,crus <^3.^ife uo body fhould difcerne him. Euerie man thinkes with himfelfe, 
doietyhr.tfhium Egomit vtdeor mihifanm^l am well,! am wife,and laughes at others. And 
Tc ei^m»^r 'tis a generall fault amongft them all, that ^ which our Fore-fathers haue 
reffeet honede approued,Dyet,Apparell30pinions, Humors, Cuflomes, Manners, wee 
duftrtaiTaH':^ deridc and reie^Sl in our time as abfurd. s Old men account luniors all 
wt r»orbt,po'. Fooles-wheu they are meere Dizards.and as to Saylers 

Petetuis ief*i^ — tcrreq^ '^^hefq^ recedunt ' ■ 

taM-'/" they moue, the Land ftands ftill, the World hath much more wit thev 

torym^if^ffa. € Et <juort4ffU/f^; trimenefieiuscontratotpeflesmedicumre^mraf^elagrot4refi^t^ojcdt ? ehuUit ira^^jfc 
Et n»s tarn en s^rot eJJe nej^^mus. In< olumet medtcum recuftnt, Pntfent Mm fiulttt$4m prifiu exprtpaf. Btidaus it affeM, 
ISems pro fiuitii hahent infvenes.Balfhafdr Cafiilto, 


DEiAocKiTws to the leaden 59 

dote themfelucs.T arks deride vs^we thcm;//4//Jw,Fr^/?r^«f»,accounting 
them light-headed fellows^he French fcoffe again at Italians^md at their 
feuerall cuftomes 5 Greeks haue condemned all the World but themfelues 
of Birbanfme, the world as much vilifies them now • we account Germans 
heauie dull fellowes, explode many of their falhions 5 they as contemti- 
bly thinke of vs • Spaniards laugh atall, andali againe at them. So are we 
Fooles and ridiculous, abfurd in our AdionSjCarriages^Dyet, Apparell, 
Cuftomes,and Confultations ; we ^ fcoffe and point one at another^when ^^r'f*^'^^ 
as id conclullon all are Voohs^^^ and they the verieB aj[es that hide thetr eares ^^o^^^Zn^ 
PfoB, A priuate man if he be refolued» with himfelfe, or fet on an opini, 'f^^7£/2'2 
on^accounts all Idiots and Alles that are not affedted as he is, dtofe'tegunt^ " 

i nil recium^nifi qnod pUcuit ftbi^ducit^ ThoTe'^i? 

that is not fo minded 5''^«^'^i^^ velum homines fe bene velle pu(ant,that thinke k PrJ^r, 
not as he doth,he will not fay with Atticnsy Suam t^uif^^fpmfam^mim meam^ 
let euerie man enioy his owne Spoufe,buthis alone is hiiCj/uus amorj^^c. 
and fcornes all in refped of himfelfe, ' will imitate none, hcare none but 
°* himfelfe ,as Pliny {kid^a Law,and example to himfelfe. And that which \lTliTt\t^J. 
Hippocrates in his Epiftle to Dionyjlm^ reprehended of old, is verified in ttnirtemtnem 
our times, Qji^fy^i» alio fuperflmrneffecenfet,ip[e quod mnhahet nec curat ^""^e-^^^^^ 
that which he hath not himfelfe or doth not clkcme. hec accounts fuper- f^nt-r.tpfifiki 
fluitie, an idle qualitie, a mcere foppcricin another : Like ^^fop's Fox, ^^fK'f' 
when he had loft his taylc,would haue all his fellow Foxes cut off theirs. ^'*fi'^ ^'it^ . 
Thechi»ezes fiiy,that we BtircpeanshauG one eye /hey themfelues tvvo,aIl ^dfl'^Z'efipere 
the World elfe is blind-: fo thou and thy Sedlaries are oncly wife, others ^t^'^'^t^- a- 
indifferent,the reft befides themfelues ,meere Idiots and Alfes. Thus mt^nAuguji 
acknowledgingourown errors, impcrfe6lion5,we fecurely deride others, ocuiuke- 
as if we alone were free,and fpedators of the reft,accounting it an excel- 7e"fi!^fMuT 
lent thing, as indeed it is, Aliena optmum frui infania^ to make our felucs Ambu'at,t^u 
merrie v/ith other mens obliquities,when as hec himfelfe is more faultie 7J'»m'^^A„. 
then the reft, mutato nomine de te fibula narratur^ he may take himfelfe by gefor^mquip" 
die nofe for a Foole,and which one cals maximum ftnltitu fpecimen^to bee a/mpa(?f^lt 
ridiculous to others,and not to perccauc or take notice of it,'tis his owne domiKOHtur, 
cafe,he is a conui61: mad-man, as AuUm well infers, In the eyes of wife men 
and Angels he feemes like one^that to our thinking walkes with his heels vpward. 
So thou laughcft at mejand I at thee,both at a third, and he returnes that ^ 
of the Poet vpon vs againe. Hei mihi infmire me aium^quam ipfi vitro in. © vlautuiUe* 
faniant. Wee accufe others of madneflc,of folly ,and are the verieft <Xi-""^"'*' 
zards our felues. For it-is a great figne and propertie of a Foole ( which 
Ecc/.io,^. points at) out of pride and felfe- conceit, to infult, vilifie, con- 
demne, ccnfure, and call other men Fooles ( Non videmm manttc£ cfuod a. 
tergo e/ljtouxe that in othcrs^of which wee arc moft faultie ; teach that 
which wee follow not our felues : For an inconftant man to write of con- 
ftancie, a prophane liucr prefcribc rules of fanditie and pietie, a Dizard 
himfelfe makca Treatifc of wifdome : This argues weaknefTe, and is an 
euident figne of fuch parties indilcretion. ^ Peccatvter noBr^mcruce dig.?^'""^A^*f'*' 
ntus <: whofe the Foole norw ? Or elfe pcraduenture in fome places wee are e}^^fZTJf/s 
^ all mad for companie, and fo 'tis not feene. Satiety err or is, ^ dementia f'rbt.seneca,. 
fur iter abfurdititem dr AdmirsPionem to Hit, 'Tis with vs , as it was of old 


^.o DEUocKnvstothel\eadtr. 

r (in • tunics cenfure at Icaft) with C. Fimbria in Rome^ a bold, harebraine, 
Ammnofi^ mad fellow jand fo cfteemed of all/uch oncly exceptcd^that were as mad 
^^if 'X/^T hitnfelfe : now in fuch a cafe there is ^ no notice taken ofit, 
faapt-r.Hs^'^t ?(/mimminfanMpxtictsvideAtur^eoquod 
tntcr e$i,j»f Maxima fars homin urn morho ia^atnr eodem. 

infanttnt. When all arc mad^w here all are like oppreft. 

Who can difcerne one mad man from the reft ? 
tttHj/urers, But put cafc they doe perceiiie it, and Come one be manifeftly conuid of 

^'^}!upet*r^- madneffej^he now takes notice of his folly ,be it in a61:ion,gefture,(}:>eech, 
mut. \ _2i vain humor he hath in building ^Dragging, iangling, {pending, gaming, 
^^^^'^i^gj^^^^i^^^^SiP^^^^^gj for which hee is ridiculous tootheis,^on 
j^uittuA^jH* which he dotes,he doth acknowledge as much : yet with all the Rheto- 
^imC"' ricke thou haft, thou canft not fo recall him, but to the contrary notwith- 
dstt*tumym$ ftanding, he will pcrfeuere in his dotage. Xisamahdii infanta, ^ mentis 
gratipmm en or So pleafing, fo delicious, that he <^ cannot leaue it. Hee 
Atqictiamtn: knowes his error,but will not feeke to decline it, tellhim what theeuent 
iodiit?cp'0 willbc,bcggery,forfow,lickncflc,di(gracc,fliame, loiTe, maJneftc, yet 
€Mptensntcejj€ f aft iWgrj mat} wilifrcjerre'uer'geance^ a Ujciuto'4^ hu whvre^ a thieve his boo^ 
^E^trtgrAto ' f^j agluttort hit belly before his welfare. Tell an Epicure,a coucrous man ,an 
lihenteromites ambicious man,of his irregular courfe,wdne hinj from it a little, pol me 
fAmaf!^'fc9rf occtdtHis amict^ he crycs anon,you haue vndone him, and as « ^ogge to hid 
i/omtt^ he returncs to it againe;no perfwafion will take placCjno counfell, 
K^tSAm/Jr fay what thou cm(^^Clames licet mare cdo confunaoi, fnrao narrow ^ de- 
fff'^'"fj^*' monftrate as rlyffes did to ^ tlpenor and Gryilus.imd the reft of his compa- ' 
^lft!o^h9^ nions, /^^/f fwin/jh rmn^ he is irrefragable in his humor, hee will be a ho^ 
ntresyanarM^ ftill,bray him in a morter,he will be the fame. If he be in an heicfie, or 
JSIr'Wer'rff- fomeperuerfe opinion, fctlcd as feme of our ignorant Papiftsare, con- 
terfimHs Car- yincc hls vudcrftandini^ ihew him the jfcucrall follies,and abfurd fopne- 
g Pr:i6.\ J. rics at that ta6tion,torcehim to lay, veru vit^cor^ ma-AC itas cleare as the 
«• funne, ' he will erre ftilLpeeuilli and obftinatc as he is : and as he {aid ^ [i 
hSm't»es(i: "Oc crro^libenttr erro^ na hum error em aufirri mihi vcU j I will doe as I 
'%7n'iir(i4d^ haue done, as my predeccfbrs haue done, i and as my friends now doc : I 
L A will dote for company ,^ay now, are thefe men m mad or no, " Heu^i age 
^Tut"' ^^JP^^^^ • ^hey ridiculous ? cede quern vis arbftt urn, are they fiftd men • 
iMd^cum 'tiu* tu^ fober>wife,and difcreet ? haue they com mon fcnfe } 
t„f^y»re,<ju^m o ^fl f^fa„icr horum ? 

cum altfs bene , J J 

fenttre. 1 am Oi DemocYitHs opinion for my part,! hold them ^worthy to be lau<yh- 
7n^rlsTr'^» ^^^l^^ compauy of brainficke dizards,as mad &sOrefies and A(h4mas,th3.t 
maxti iapere tlicy may goc Ttde the ^ffe,and all faile along to the Antkyr^e^ in the of 
^&fHiZ M^fi^^"^ company together. I need not much labour to prone this which 
. len^o/ere. pe- 1 fay othcrwifc thcn thus, make any folemne proreftation, or fweare I 
^ Z'perfiuj. fhink you will beleeue me without an oathjfiy ata word,are they foolcs? 
x>H»r,t.fer, I refctrc it to you, though you be likewife fooles and madmen your 
V IxafuaT ^elues, and I as madde to aske the queftion ; for what faid our comicall 
^ fuerimnupui. Mcrcury^ *i Influm ab imulf/s petere i»Jtpiemia efl, ^ 
qpi"^^. y^^r cenfure yet,what thinke you ? 

But forafmuch as I vndertooke at firft^that Kingdomes,PrC)Uinccs Fa- 
milies, were melancholy as well as priuat men, I will examine them ia 



Demo cKiTvs to the'^ader. 41 

particular, and that which I hauehi±erto dilated at randome,in more 
generall tearmes,! will now particularly infift in^proue with more fpeci- 
all and euident Arguments^Teftimonies, lUufkations^and that in briefe. 

* Nunc acctpe qusre VeJtpUntomnes aque ac ttt. a Hef.u/df.t. 

My firft Argument is borrowed from SeUmon. an Arrow drawne out Qi*suferyam 
his Sententious Quiuer/r<?«.3 .7 Be not yptfe in thtne ewneeyes. And 2^.12. itl'-tar-t 
SeeHthou a mm mfe in his owne conceit, mere htpe is of a Foole then of him. 
If Ay pronounceth a woe againft fuch men^Chapt. 5.21 .that are mfe in their ^r7tnm<ilftf 
owne eyes^And prudent in their owne fight. For hence we may gather ,that it 
is t great oftence, and men are much deceiued that thinke too well of 
themfelues,an efpcciall Argument to conuince them of folly. Many men 
( faith ^Senecij had been mthout quesiion wifi^had they not had an opnim that ^ ^^>*^f*f>tf^ 
they had attained to perfe^ion of knowledge already, euen hefon they had gone 'biof^jf.nf,'^ 
ha ife-WAj. Too forward.too ripe, too quickeand readv.'^ ctto pru--hi"f"*^P'*^ 

dentes^ ctto f>if.jC!to marm.cito patres^cuo jacer dotes .f Ho omnts officy capaces cr f^tninu^t 
curio ft. They had too good a conceit of themfelues, and that marred all 5 ^^ZZZ^'' 
of their Worth 5Valor5Skiil5Art5Learning5ludgement3Eioquence5their 
good parts ^all their Geefe are Swans^and that manifeftly proucs them to 
be no better then Fooles. In former times they had but feuen wife men, 
now you can fcarce find fo many Fooles. tha/es lent the golden Tripos^ \P/utaythus 
which the Fifhermen found,and the Oracle commanded to begmen to the %f'cntZlT 
mfeHyX.0 Bias^Bias to Solon^^cM fuch a thing were now found^we lliould 
all fight for it^as the three GoddelTes did for the golden Apple, we are fo 
wife ; wee haue VVomen-PoIititians, Children-Metaphyfirians 5 euerie 
filly fellow can fquare a Circle,ma]ve pcrpetuall motions, find the Philo- 
ibphers flone^inter prer ApGcilypfis, make new Theorickcs, new Logicke, 
new Philofophy ,5cc. Nostra vtig^ ^^g^o^ faith ^ Petronias.^ our Coamrey is fo ^ TAvt^rapH- 
full of defcd Spirits.^ diuine Soules^ that you may foomr find a God, then a man Ziri»-Hi^ustt 
amonzsi vs^wc thinke fo well of our felues, & that is an ample teftimonie A'^^-'^^yf/^ 
ofmuchfblly. TJZ'Ltc, 

My fecond Argument is grounded vpon the mcc place of Scripture, 
which though before mentioned in effed, yet for fome rcafons is to bee 
repeated ( and by Plata's good leaue, I may doe it, ^ J^U to kakov pn^lp id'b ^P»^chrum hi* 
/Sx'zVt^/.) Fooies (fairh t)aMd) by reafon of their tranfgrepons^^^^c.Pfioj.i-j^ Keren«$Mcet, 
HenceMufiuUi-s infers, all tranfgreflbrs muft needs be Fooles. So we read 
Rom.2 .TrthuUtion and anguifh is on the Soule of euerie man that doth eui 11^ 
butaildoeeuill. And/fay 6<)>\^,M^ feruants P^all fingfor ioy,aiid^ yeefhall ^ uzlcfaaoii, 
ery fir forror'? of heart, and vexation of mind, 'Tis ratified by the common 
confeat of all Philofophers. Dtf)9neTiie ( faith Cardan J is nothing cl[ebut gWho can 
fi'-iy and maduffe. % Prohus quis nohifcum viuit i Shew me an honeft man. ^fiti-hfon 
l^emo malm qui mn /a//iKJ/tis Frfi'//»^ Aphorifme, to the fame end. If h/^/'^/i^^f 
none honeft,none wife,then all Fooles. And Well may they be fo accoun- ^^r^"' 
ted 5 for who will accompt him otherwife. Qui iter adornat in occidentem.^ ter»u ^uuf- 
qmm proper aret in orientem^ that goes backward all his life> Weilward, 
when he is bound to the Eafi, or hold him a wife mati ( faith ^' Mvfe ulm ) mmj * 
that prefers momentme pkafures to cternitie^ that fiends his Malf^rs goods in "^ZmnZd* 

f his 

D EUocKiTVs to the leader. 

his abfeme.forthvptth tt be condemned for it ? Nequicquam fapit quifibincn faptt. 

Who will fay that a ficke man is wife, that eats and dnnkes to oucrthrow 
the temperature of his body ? Can you account him wifcordifcreet, 
that would willingly haue his health,and yet will doc nothing that fhould 

i perjuam r'l^ procurc or continue it ? ' 7 heodoret out of PUtintis the PUtoniH^ holds tt 4 

dicuinm ell ho- ridicHlotu thing for 4 man to line after his owne Lams^to doe that which is offtn. 

mi fententiA fim to God^andyet to hope that he fhould faue him : and rvhfn he voluntarily neg. 

Wr5,?r j</« if.^^ fj^ gy^ff fafetiejh' contemns the meanesjto thinke to he dtliuered bv another 

ftntexecjui. et Who wul lay theic men are wile ? 

*Vfji%tuJt(' ^ ^^^^ Argument may bee deriued from the precedent, ^ all men are 
Mos fieri f (fuim carried away with PaiTionjDifcontentjLuftjPleafures^&c. they generally 
Kmarn ahS:'^ hate thofc vertues they fhould loue^and loue fuch vices they fliould hite. 
n»t.rhe»de.6^ Therefore more then melancholy jquite madjbruit Bcafts^and void of all 
^^ZtM^pM. r^^^on? chryJoJlome contends y or r uher dead and buried aliue^ as ^ Phtlo 
^eii. , ludam concludes it for a certaihtie, of all fuch that are carried away with 
fut'*ZTerfofL, p^f^^<^^^* or labour of any difeafe of the mind : where i$ feare and forrow, there 
gs'cMor.i. m LaBantim ftiffcly maintaines, wifedome cannot dwell. Seneca and the reft 
^vclnc^ ufiih.de of Stotckcs are of opinion, that where is any the lead perturbation 
^iufiffer.certu wifedome may not be found, what more ridiculous^ as ° L^lianiim vroeth 
'yisluhl^tti then to heare \icm Xerxes whipped the Hellejpont.threamed the Moun^aine 
promortun Athds^ and the like. To fpeake ad rem, who is free from pallion ? <> Mortalis 
m ul 'JeS4f>. »emo eU quern mn attingat dolor ^ morbufue^ as p TuHy determines out of an 
t^*}kZ»f,i' Pc>eme, no mortall men can auoid forrow and fickneffe^ and forrow 
'aaej^Z^uil. is an vnfeparable companion of Melancholy. chryfoflome pleads farther 
^^xcI'm' y^^' ^^^^ ^^^y ^o^-c then mad, very Bealts^ftupified and void of com- 
%eklj> '^ntum mon fcnfc : For how ( faith he ) fhall I how thee to be a m w, when thou kickefl 
^r6rr-^c/f, i^y ^„ yijjg^ neygheft like an Horfe after women, raueft in luH like a Bull, raue- 
o Ercl.iy.t 2, like a Beare^ flingeH like a Scorpion, rakesi like a woolfe, as fubile au a Fox 
wIlS!£e ^i^f>'*'^^rtta^aDogge'^Shalll fajtlr.Qum a man^that hasi aUthe fimptomes 
is no vnder- of a Beast 1 How fl)all I know thee to be a man^ by thy fhape That ''<jf rights me 
pr^w ?'^*i<j rnore, when / fee a Beaflin likeneffe of a Man, 

An angry ' Sencca cals that of Eptcurus^ magmjjcam t'ocem^ an heroicall (j^eech, 
p 3"rv/S- Poole fim begins to liu^nd accompts it a filthy lightnciTe in men, euerie 
day to lay new foundations of their life, but who doth otherwife ? One 
trauels, another builds, one for this, another for that bufinelTe, and old 
in 2 .Ep'tff ad folkes arc as farre out as the reft ; O dementem fenedlutem^Tully exclaimes 
?f^^r,lfcire" Therefore young ,oId,middle age, all arc ftupid,and dote. 
ne^ueo,cum * lAneos Syluiiis amongft many other, fees downe three fpcciall wayes 
*^^rec7u£it, to finde a foule by. He is a foole that fcekes that he cannot finde : He is 
'"-^'^il/W ^ ^^^^^^^^ feekes that, which being found, will doe him more harme 
9fef!^/pTf7' thea good : He is a foole, that hauing variety of wayes to bring him to 
Tii ww iournies end,takes that which is worft. If fo,me thmkes moft men are 
Jnliu'j;Z[" fooles,examine their courfes, and you fhall foone perceiue,what dizards 
junmra^/oi and madmcn thc maioi pait aic. ' 

at iujut* for- 

Mflit'vtaci$tMromMdeim,4me/t/tt, ($'e, ' ' «'"'"»^'»/» 


D E MO cKirws to the Trader, 4j 

Ber9aldtis will haue drunkards ,aftcrnoone men, and idich as more then 
ordinarily delight in drinke, to be mad. Thefirft potquencheth thirft^ 
fb Panyafis the Poet detevmines in At^enau^StfecuKait Graxijs .horU ^ Dyont- 
the fecond makes merry, the third for pleafurc, qu^rta injamam^ 
the fourth makes them mad. If this poiition be true, what a Catalogue ■ 
of madmen iT:iall we haue? what Ihall they be that drinke foure times 
fourc ? T^onnefftpr/i omnemfHrorm^ [up a omnem infaniAm reddunt inf^u 
ntfimos ? I am of his opinion, they are more then mad, muchworle 
then mad. 

The ^ Abderites condemned Democritw for a madman, becaufe he was Dem4£gt9 
fomctimes fad, and fometimes againe profufely merry. Hac pAtria (faith 
Hippocrates) ob rifum fume (jr wfamre dkunt^ his Country-men hold him ^l^-j,^f'''^ 
mad becaufe he laughes,*and therefore he dejires him to aduifi all hisfrietjds nmit 

at rtat" 

^ttt ntmtn 

at Rhodes ^th At they doe not laugh too much, or be ouer fad; Had thofe Ah- 
derites bin conuerfant with vs, and but feene what ^ fleering and grinning d plrmluam 
there is in this aee, they would certainly haue concluded, wee had beene ''(/^^^^'"^ 
all out or our wits. t;*m 

AnUdtle in his Ethkks holds,F^//Ar ideno^faf iens^^ to be wife and happy ^ 
are reciprocall tear me s, ^(7/*^ idetno^ fAptens hof^ejiu^, Tis * Tuil/cs ^'^-tsa^tentesif 
iQ.^Qx^wiJem€nar€jree^foclesAreJlaues^ liberty is a power to liue accor- ^^'''f^" ''7^* 
ding to his owne Lawes,as we will our felues^who hath this liberty, who ^upH^f, 
is free ? 

p f pLficns jib i que imperiofuSj 

H€^ fAftpeyies^aeque mors^ne^^ vincu U terreftt^ ^ Mor ^./ir.^, 

KefionfAre cupdimbu^s^ emtemnere honores 
Iprtis, in feiffe totm teres at^ rotundu^. 
He is wife that can command his owne will. 
Valiant and conftant to himfelfe ftiil ^ 
Whom pouei ty,nor death, nor bands can fright. 
Checks his de(ires,fcornes honors, iuft and right. 
But where fliall fuch a man be found ? If no where,then e dsAmetro, wee 
are all flaues,fencelcfle, or worfe. Netno malm frli^ But no man is Iiappy 
in this life, none good, therefore no man wife. Rar^ quippe bom ~ — rt^en^ 
for one vertue,you (hall finde ten vices in the lame party; p^uci Prcmethe/^ 
multi Epmethei, Wee may peraduenture vfurpe the name, or attribute ic 
to others for fauour, as CArolm Sapiens^ Vhilipptu Bonus^ Lodoutcus Pif^s^drc, 
anddefcribe the properties of a wife man,as Tally doth an Otaxot^Xene" 
fbon CyrHS^CAplio a. Courtier^ Galen Temperament, An Ariftocracie is def^ 
cribed by Politicians. But where lliall fuch a man be found ? 
yir bonm ^ fApietts.^qualem vix reppertt vnum 
'^illfbui e mttltis hominnm csnfultm jipeU$^ 
. A wife,a good man in a million, 
Apollo conful ted, could fcai ce finde one. 
A man is a miracle of himfelfe, but Tr/fmegiHui addcs, Maximum TfiirA* 
eulum homo fapiens^ a wife man is a wonder, multt Thyrfigeri^ pam Bacchi, 

Alexander when he was prefcnted with that rich and coftly Casket of 
King Darias, and cucry man aduifcd him what to put in it, he referued 
it to kecpe Homers Workcs, as the moft precious lewcll of humane 

f 2 wit. 

^ DEUocKnvs tothe T^eadtr, 

wit, and yc,t » Scdiger vpbraides Homers M ufe , Nutrtcem tnfunA fapientU^ 
bn^ZZr anurccryofmadnefTc, impudent as a Court Lady, thatbiuilies at no- 
a-Jte*nuUtu* thing. Idcobus Mjciliusy GUyertm Cogmtu.'^ Erafmus^ and almoft all poftc- 
pudens. ^ .^^ admire LuctAns luxuriant wit,yct Scaltger reicds him in his ccnfure ^ 
and cals him the Cerberus of the Mufes. Socrates whom all the world fo 
4nuch magnified, is by L4^4»w«^ and T^.W^^r^-/ condemned for a foolc. 
c npijl.i I . Plutarch extols Senecis wit beyond all the Greekes^mdlt fecur>dm^ yet ^ Se^ 
^etafntZ, ^^^^ ^aith oiX^ww^Qlk^-whsrH would foUce my felfewith a/sole^ jreflecJ vpon 
noncttur,(e ' mj filfc, and there I haue htm. Cardan m his i^bookcof Sukilties, rec- 
tZT'*'''^ kons vp twclue fupereminent,acute PhilofopherSjfor worth,fubtilty and 
wifdome ; Archimedes y Galen^FitrnvimjArchitas Tarenttnw^ Eucltde^Ge- 
her that firft inuentor of Algebra^ Alkmdus the Mathematician, both Ara- 
bians, with others. But his trimiuiri terrarum, flirrc beyond the reft, are 
Ptolom^us^PlotmuSj Hippocrates-^ Scaligcr exercftat, 224. fcoffes at this Ccn- ' 
fure of his, cals fomc of them carpenters and mcchanitions, hee makes 
GalenJimbriamHippecratu^askinof Hippocrates-^ and the laid ^ Cardan 
iradicenUHm, himfelfc elfcwhcte condemncs \io\\\Galen and Hippocrates for tediouf- 
nefre,obfcurity,confufion. Paraceljm will haue them both mcere idiots, 
infants in Phyficke and Philofophy. Sc&liger and Cardan admire Suiffet 
cLih.de cat, f, thc Calculator , qui pene modvm except humam ingenij^ and yet ''hod. Fives 
corrupt.aruttm cals thcm ftugoi Suifjeticas ; and Cardan oppoiitc to himfelfe in another 
flnUnsltit£, place,contemnes thofe ancients in refpe^; of times prefent,f^4/<7r<r/^ no^ 
foLiiic . Jiros adpy^fentes coUatos iuHe pu -t es appellari. In conclulion the faid « Car* 
^ub.ijefaf, Samt Bernard will admit none into this' Catalogue of wife men, 

\!2t7tattH ^ onely Prophets and Apoftlcs 5 how they efteeme themfelues, you 
efi^AntL°to- haue heard before. VVe are worldly-wife, admire our felucs, and fceke 
tumjuintia, aoolaufe • but heare Saint » Bernard, quanta mavis for as es faptens, tanto 

tctu dement ta, ^ . ^ i r r 

^utcauidfa h magis intus ftultus ejjiceris^(^rc, tn ornmbus es prudens^ ctrca te/pjttmwftpiens : 
'pr£tlHi"efoiii ^^'^^ fnore wife thou art to others, the more foole to thy (elfe. I may not ' 
^uod tropt.t deny but that there is fome folly approued, a Diuinc fury, a Holy mad- 
Deumiacu. neflc.euen a foirituall drunkcnnefe in the Saints of God .themfelues 1 

i>er, ae mtjsr, j r ri-i i \ \ r y • \r 

horn San£iaminfamam Bernard cals it (though not as blalphemmg ^ VorHius, 

^^^^ a-pafifion incident to God himfelfe, but familiar to 
kp!*mttam(^ good men, as thatofP4«/, 2 Cor. hervas a fcole^ cf t.and Eom.p, he wiflieth 
^fw>«" ^i^'^^(^^^(^fo be anathematized for them. Such is that drunk ennefTe which 
1 nr.u Eci.^ . Ficintfs fpeakes of, when the foule is eleuated and rauillied with a diuine 
fj£r7t^-' tafte of that heauculy Nedar, which Poets deciphered by the facrifice 
berMedomm. Qf Dionyfius., aud iu this fenfe with the Poet ^infanirc lubet^ as Aufiin ex- 
"juH^l!^'^^^ horts vs, adehriet<iteM (e tjuif^ paret, let's all be mad and diunkc. But wfe 
o In commonly miftake,and goe beyond our commifTioa, we reele to the op- 
^jtljptZ. " polite part, " we are nor capable of it, ° and as he (aid of the Greekes^ Vos 

p Hor,<iu^gui Qy^f^i femper pueri^ n^os Britanni^ GalU, Germani^ Jtali^d'c. you are a compa- 

qTateteadt- liyoffooles. 

ytfiofrobdthi Prccecde now a partibus ad tot urn., or from the whole to parts , and vou 

lloall finde no other ilTue^the parts fhall be fufficiently dilated in this fol- 
^^r»rl/lrf' lowing Preface. Thewhole muft needs follow by a Sorites or Indu£li- 
Euery multitude is mad, p bellua multorum c&pitum^ precipitate and 
'■^ife'"*'"* without Judgement, fiultum animal ^ a roaring rout. ^ Roger Bacon 


D EM o cKiTY s to the ^leader. 45 

proues it out of Arisiotle^ Fulgus dividz in of^ofitnm contra fapeates^ qnod 
vdgp vUitur 'verum^ falfnm eft ; that which the commonalty accounts 
true, is moft part falfc, they are ftill oppofite to wife men, but all the 
world is of this humor iyulgus) and thou thy felfe art vu/go, one of the 
Commonalty ; and he, and he, and fo are all the reft ; and therefore, as 
PhocioH concludes, to be approucd in nought you fay or doe, meejre Idi- 
ots and a fTes : begin them where you will, goe backward or forward, 
choofe out the of whole packc,winke and choofe, you fhall finde them all 
alike, neuer a barrell better herring, 

CopermcHs^ Atlas his fuccelTour, is of opinion, the Earth is a Planet, 
moues and fhines to others, as the Moone doth to \s.Dfgges, QHbert^ Ke^- 
lerasprigAnus^ and others, defend this Hyfoihefis of his in fober fadnefle, 
and that the Moone is inhabited ; if it be fo, that the Earth is a Moone, 
then are wee alfo giddy vertiginous and lunaticke within this fublunary 

I could produce fuch arguments till darke night ; If you fliould heare 
the reft. Ante diem cUufo componet ve/per Olynfo ; 
but according to my promife, I willdefcend to particulars. This Melan- 
choly extends it felfe not to men onely ,but euen to vegetals and fenfibles* 
I fpeakc not of thofe creatures which are Saturniney Melancholy by na- 
ture, as Lead, and fuch like Minerals, or thofe Plants, Rue, Cyprefle, 
&c. and Hellebor it felfe, of which * Agrippa treats^ Fillies, Birds, and 
Beafts, Hares,Conies,Dormicc,&"c. Owles-!;iiattes,Nightbirds,but that %htLofi\.«.x / 
artificial], which is perceiued in them all. Remoue a Plant, it will pine ^^^'^if'^'^" 
away, which is efpecially perceiued in Date-trees, as you may read at ' ''^'^ 
large in ConH Amines husbandry , that Antipathy betwixt the Vine and the 
Cabbage ,Vine and Oylc. Put a bird in a cage,he will dye for fuilenneflej 
or a heart in a pen, or take his yong ones or companions from him, and 
fee what cffe^5l it will eaufe ? Due who perceiues not thefe common paf- 
<ions of fenfiblc creatures, feare, fbrrow, &c. Of all other, dogges are 
moft fubie(5t to this malady, ' in fo much that fbme hold they dreame as 
inen doe,and through violence of Melancholy, run mad ; I could relate ^ 
many ftories of dogs, that hauc died for griefe, and pined away for lofte epfi. 
of their Mafters, but they are common in euery ^ Author. « ^a^°^"^ 

Kingdomcs,Prouinces,andPoliticke Bodies are likewile lenlible and c-*^.^ 
fubiedtothisdifeafe.as ^ ^^r^f in his Pohticks hath prouedat lars^e. ^.'"'^'''''r 
As hi humane bodies (faith he) there be diuers alterations proceedtngpomhu- dmtmuuttt- 
mmrs^fo there be mmy difeafes in a, CommonweaUh^ which doe m diuerfty*^^^-^^?^^^^*'^^ 
h/ippen from JcueraU dtUempers^ as you may eafily perceiue by their parti- reptb.ij'c. \ 
cular Symptomes. For where you fhall fee the people ciuill, obedient to tf,^hli"^r!\ 
God and Princes, iudicious, peaceable and quiet, rich, fortunate, ^ and 
flourilTi, toliuein peace, in vnity and concord, a Country well tilled, 
iiiany faire built and populous Cities ,-1/^/ incoU nitent^ as old « Cato faid, "iuluAtem'fi 
the people are neat,polire and iQt(Q^vbibene,be^te^^ 'vmut^ which our Po- ^^^ematxejt, 
liticians make the chiefe end of a Common- wealth - and which ^ Ar/fto- auuAs 
tlepolit.Ub.i cap,^, cals Commune bonum, that Country is free from ^^-Velt},fcdteZ 
lancholy ^ As it was in Italy in the time of Augujlus^ now in chind^ now in ^eatA, 
many other flourifhing kingdomes of Europe. But whereas you iliall fee i^^tT" 


46 D E M o c R I T V s ^0 Racier. 

pouerty^ barbarifme, bcggery, plagues, warrcs, rebellions, fcditions^ 
mutinies, contentions, Idienelfe, Riot, Epicurifme, the Land lye vntil- 
led, waftc,fullofbogges. Fens, Defarts^&c. Cities decayed, bafeand 
pqore tovvnes, villages depopulated, the people fquaiid, vgly, vnciuill 5 
that Kingdome,thatCountry ,muft needs be diicontent,melancho[y,hath 
a ficke body,and had need to be reformed. 

Now that cannot well be effeded, till the caufes of thefe maladies be 
firft remoued,which commonly proceed from their own defauIt,or fome 
accidentall inconuenience : as to be ilte in a bad clime, too farre North, 
fterill,inabarrenplace,asthedefcrtofz>y^/r?, deferts of Arabia^ places 
void of waters, as thofe of Lop and Beigim in Afta^ or in a bad ayre, as at 
Alexandretta^ BAntAm^Pi/a,Dur<izzOy^c, or in danger of the {eas continuall 
inundations, as in many places of the Low-Countries, and elfewhere, or 
neere fome bad neighbours, as HungArUns to 7 Hrkes, Fo'onUns to Tartars^ 
or almoftany bordering Countries, they liue in fearc flill, and by reafon 
of hoftile incurfions are oftentimes leftdefolare. So are Cities by reafon 
mfferl^mitm * warrcs, fires, pLigues, inundations, wildc beafts, decay of trades, " 
barred hauens, the Seas violence, as Apitifsrj/e vaay wi tncfle of late, i >t4- 
b Merdam k ^'*fi old^BrunduJium in ItAly^Rhje^Douer with vs,and many that at this 
ferity 9/ e/i/w day fufped the Seas fury and rage, and labour againft it as the Fcmittns 
Maurit4r,t4, j-q j-Jj^^j- ineftimablc charge. But the . moft frequent maladies are fuch as 
cDdicijiHi' proceed from themfelues.; ^s firft when Religion and Gods Seruice is 
^Tol'^Nlmo ^^^g/eded, they doe not fe^are God^obey their Prince, where Atheifme, 
Epicurifme, Sacriledgc, Simony, &:c. And all fuch impieties are free- 
^"^mfy-'T/^dL committed, that Country cannot profper. When Abraham came to 
t$((im«s. Pi 'e, GerAY^ and law a bad land, he faid fure the fear e of God was not in that 
^tt^M^'fHm- P^^ce. ^ C;'/;'/4^z£^^tf/i/«ja.sy>4»//^ Chorographer,aboueall other Cities 
maqHec!*m<i>i- S^Aim Q.ovamzw.A'^ Bat cinOjm'whkb there Tx\ti no bsgger^nsmanpoore^c^c , 
Vrnci-eTtL^a ^^^^ ^^^^ wgood 6 fiat and hegines the rcafon^bccanft they "were more Re- 
cufuiypcrif- Itgiem thentheirncighbonrs iwXvj \Ni\'>, //P^^/ lb often fpoy led by their cne- 
mies,led into captiuity,&c.but for their Idolatry, cegled of Gods word, 
i pdit.i.s.c.t, for facriledge,euen for one Achans fault ? and what fiiall we exped that 
*il'f.TT& ^^^^ ^^"^^ multitudes of Achans^ Church-robbers, fimoniacall Patrons^ 
Sic. how can they hope to fiorifh, that ncgled diuine duties, that liue 

tH<{e?nu! o'[ci- Other common grieuancesare generally noxious to a body politicke 
' ^nerlVLTTTtr ^^^^^^'^ ^1 ^ AriHotle^Bod'tnc^ BottYHs^lnmus^ Arn fcus^ ^c. I will onely 
j H'it fatuut eft. point at fome of the chiefeft. ^ Imfotmtia gtihernandi^ atAxia^ confuiion, 
^r^Q>uh.f^L gouernment, which proceeds from vnskilfuli, floathfuUjgriping, co- 
-caputivfirma- tiQiQUi ot tyrannizing magiftrates, when they are fooles, idiots, children, 
*^(:fcip.iT' proud, wilfull, partiall, vndifcreet, opprefTorSj^iddy heads, tyrants, not 
jlg SeeD.f/e-/- able or vnfit to manage fuch offices, ^ many noble Cities and floriihing 
V^^A^^xZlier Kingdo.nesby that meanes are defolate, the whole body grones vnder 

G^gMttHi hi- fuch heads ,and all the members nmll needs be mifaffeded as at this day 
tMnidt<httiam Turkijh gouernment, and thofe vaft kingdomes Q^MufcfiuUy Rufsia. s vn- 

h°/w^»/ thofe goodly Prouinces in Jjii Mr^or,&c, grone vnder the burden of a 

^i^ruTmuiZ' ^ tyrannizing Duke. Who euer heard of more ciuill and rich popu- 
fu/n:e^^Umdo-\Q\^^ Countries, then thofe of Creecf^ Afta aboundlw mth ^ aU werJth^ 

re ac piterttia. " o 


DEMocKiTYstothe T^euder. 47 

multitude of inh/ibiums^ force^ power ^ f^lendor^ mdmAgmficenee^ and that 
miracle of Countries^ » the Holy land, that in fo fmall a compalTe of* ^^°V*^°J*^ 
ground could maintaine fo many Tovvnes^Cities, produce fo many figh- iengt'h!6o in " 
tins men? *^2ypt another Pai adife .now barbarous and defert^and almoft ^rcad h,accor. 

O • ti r • ■ I , ding to ^«r/- 

waltjby a deipoticall gouerninent ot an imperious Turke^ mtolerahili fcr comiM. 
uitiitvs lugofremitiir ( " one faith) not onely tire and water, goods or lands, ^J^^J*J"' 
fed ipfejpirttus ah infolent 'tffimi vifioris pendct mtu^ fuch is their flauery, 
their liucs and fouics depend vpon his mfolent will and command. A csabc!iicm,s$ 
tyrant that fpoyles all wherefoeucr he comes, infbmuch that an Hifto- 3'*''^""^ 
rian co "nplaincs, an oU inhabitant Jhouldnorv fee them, he would not know Ztt^t^iTfl- 
them, if a. traucUcr. cr firan^erjt would grieue his heart to behold them. WhciQ- 
2L^ AriHotlev.oiQS^NoHAexaaiones^ nou:ioneraimpojtta^ new burdens and ^o///.A*./.f.<r. 
exa6i:ions daily come vpon them, theymuft needs be difconrent, hinc 
ciuitatumgemitm &floritHs^2L% « T t^tly holds, hence come thole co Tiplaints pu>»tfaf/ce:e^ 
and teares of Cities, poore^ rKiferable^rebeUtous^ and defperace fuhieCls^ as Z'^h^'^Zu- 

Hippolitus addes : and sasa iudicious country-man ofoursobfe -ued not ttspetHw^i 
long fince in a Suruay of that great Dutchy of T ufcany.^ the people lined {'*^p-fi'^^' 
muchgrieuedanddifcontent, as appeared by their manifold and mani- ^^-cj- 
feft complainings in that kinde. That the State was like afickc body which J!,l^ff^^,^g^^^ 
had lately taken Phyjicke.^ rokofe humors are not yet well felled ^and we akned fo reieiUj,aejpe=. 
much by purging^fhat nothing was left but Melancholy. z^iouHingto, 
Whereas the Princes and Potentates are immoderate in lud. Hypo- ^j;s>^-co»i[ft^ 
crites. Epicures, of no religion, but in fliew : Quid hjpocr/Ji fragibu's r^vJJrlsi.j,. 
what fo britle and vnfure, what Iboner fabuerts their eikttes then wan- ''rff/^'^" 
dring and raging luft, on their fubieds wiues3daughters,to fay no worfe?^^^^ 

^era/ft exu- 

J-) -3-- O J J O ■> ^ "v/^-r^,,, 

They that {hould facem pr^ferre., lead the way to all vertuous aflions, 
are the ring leaders oftentimes of all mifchicfeand diiFoIure courfcs, and "^tlrun'JZdJ^ 
by that meanes their Countries are plagued, ^ anh they themJeUes often [^{■^'^f^f^/"' 
ruined, bamfhed or murdered by conjpiracte of their [ubteBs, as Sardavapa- i cd'ijt 
lus was, Diorjyfius Junior y Heliogabalus., Periander^ PifiHratus, Tdrquinins^ T/Jfif^^'f'^'' 
Timocrates^ChilderietiS^ AppiusCUudius, Andronkus^GaleuiTts Scorfa, A 
lexanderUedtces^irc. ' 

Whereas the Princes or great men are malicious, cnuious, fadiou5, 15 
ambitious, emulators, they tea re a Common- wealth aflmder, as fo many ^^^t 
(7«<f^j^/,and (jf^^/Z?*^/, difturbe the quietnefle of it, ' and wirh mutual 1 ftak- the name 
murders let it bleed to death, our hiftories are too full of fuch barbarous °cco°nTilg"'' 
inhumanities, and the miferies that ifTue from them. fuch as rc.d 

Whereas they be like fo many horfe-leeches, hungry, griping, cQ>Xi-jff'^^,^^^^^ 
rupt,*^ coucrous, avAritUmancipix, rauenous as Wolues, for as Tully flatifn^enthat 
writes; quipr^esi prodefi^ Et qutpecudibus prdefl^ debet cor urn vtilHatt tnfer. po,i ici'fpr^- 
uire : or fuch as prefer their priuate before the pub like good. For as » he 
faid long Cmcc^res priuate publicisfemper ojfecere. Or whereas they be illi- theJTaduaTIs 
teratc, ignorant, Emperickes in policy, 'vbi deeft facultas, virtue {Arijl. ^^^l^^^^^^ 
poL'^.cap^ )(i'Jcie»tia^ wife onely by inheritance, and in authority by get honors, 
birthright, fauour, or for their wealth and titles ; there muft ncedes be ^J"^ '^^'J^^^'J^ 
a fault, "a great defed : becaufe as an «> old Philofopher affirmes,fuch thtbef^irgept 

a Common-wealth ? n Imper'tmrn f»<ti4efpiMte eerruit. o Jpftl.Prim.Ftor. E*ianitt»erMiut,pauc$ Senstirts^* 


48 Deuockitv stothe^ader. 

men are not alwayes fit. Of^mnfimte ntmher^ fetv alone are Senators^ a»d 
cfthofe few femr goody and of that fmah number ofhneli good and noble men^ 
fm that are Uarned^ wife^ dtfcreet and fufficient/hle to difchargefuch places, it 
muft needs turnc to the confufion of a ftate. 
l,f!rcSc1^Ht I^or as thca Princes are, fo are the people Qftalts Rex talis ^^x,and which 
ipjiprimifes^ b Antigonus right well faid of old, qm MacedontA regem erudit^ ormes ettam 
^ftZTnt!n'ci-f»^^^i^ e^f^dtt^ he that teacheth the King of Macedon teachethall his fub- 
uttatem^piufy; ieds, is a true faying ftill. 

';Z^t':rel ^or crimes are the glajfe^thefchoole, the hookf, 

ciu I .de legi- whcre fuhleBs eyes doe learne^doe read^doe looke, 

hEpi/iMZen. Fektms ^ citius nos 

i*-y>en.sat.\4. Corrumpunt vttiorum exemjjU domejlica/nagnts 

diuonllTji^g- Cumfubeamanimosauthoribus their examples are 

mt.ts'mdefi' fooneft followcd, vices entertained. If they be prophanc,irrcligious, laf- 
'^fTtli.cip'y, ciuious, riotous 5 Epicures5fadiouSjCOuetous3ambitious,ilhterate/o will 
^ erm^'f<ihate ^^mmons moft part be, idle vnthrifts, prone to lull, drunkards, and 
^^mhuslp'eT^^ therfore poore and needy (w t«>*<* raV/y e/i/To/si ki KaKv^yUv^for pouerty begets 
n»ii^fH»tSo- fedition and villany J vpon all occafions ready to murine and rcbelL dif^ 
^'ttraodere, contcnt itiU, complaming, mutmunng, grudging, apt to all outrages^ 
"dit^Arum^* thefts, treafons, murders, innouafions,in debt,cofeners,fhifters,outlawSj 
rert,m muuri Proflagat£ fam£ac vita. It was an old « Polititians Aphorifme, They that 

dz>'tj/i*i/'* po^^ ^f^d bad ^enuierich^ hate good men^ abhorre the frefent gouernment^ 
profiigutA i» w/Jh for a new^ and 'would haue all turned lopjieturuie. When Catel/ne rebel- 
Kxe^'fJ^tis' hornet hee got a company of fuch debofiied rogues together, they 
fHrUperUortlm wcrc his familiars and coadiutors, and fuch haue beene your rebels molt 
**m7dZmm P^'*^ ^^"^ ^§^^ 3 ^^^^ Cade,T 9m S trawy Kette and his companions . 
cepia. Where they be generally riotous, and contentious^ where there be 

//^^^{j^f^"^: many difcords, many lawes, many law fui^^ many lawyers, and many 
taniur^nuncin Phylitiaus, itis 3 manifeft figne of a diftenipered Melancholy ftate, as 
%%Vpat7,^- ^ ^C)ng fmce maintained : for where fuch kinde of men fwarme, 
' p.irentes,fed they will make more worke for themfelues, and that body Politicke dif- 
^hominlmJto- ^^fcd, which was othcrwifc found. Agcnerall mifchicfe in thcfc our 
reexp4rte(H' times, an vnfenfibie pkguc, andneuerfo many of them : rohtch are now 
^tenuop^t^c '. multiplied (faith Mat. Geraldus^ « a Lawyer himfelfc)*^^ fo many lecufls^ not 
lultum Utrocis the parents but the plagues of the Couhtry^ and for the mojl part a fupercilious^ 
^i^DilfaepS,' b^id^couet ous^itiQtous generation of men. Crumenimulganatio^^c, Apurfe- 
^''^Tr^tuam "^^^^^"§"^^^Q"5''^^^^^^oj^ous company, gowned vultures, ^ qui ex iniu^ 
tofJi. * " ' vivunt & janguine ciuium^ theeucsand Seminaries of difcord ; worfe 
S B4ni,Ar^e^ thcn auv polcrs by the highway-fide, accipitres^ anrt exterebronides^pe^ 
i r^ris cofffuiu cuniarum h^mioU^ quadruplatores^ Curia harpagones^firi tintwabula, monflra 
dom-4sorac»' homtnum n^angoms, At. that take vpon them to make peace, but are in- 
Tuiij, deedetne verydiiturbersof our peace, a company of irreligious Har- 
pies, fcraping, griping catchpoles (I meane our common hungry Pet- 
tefoggcrs , rabulas forenfes^ loue and honour in the meane time, all 
good Lawes, and worthy Lawyers, that are fo many '^.Oracles, and 
k ui>,i . Pilots of a well gouern'd Common-wealth Without Art, withouC 
ludgement , that doe more harme , as * Liuie laid , Quam bella ex- 
terna James ^ morbiue, then ficknefle, warrc$, hunger., difcales : anJeaufe x 


D E M o c R I T V s to 'Reader. 49 

wo[l incredible deSirnCfion of t Co?vm0ft wealth,GiithiSe/elliuSja famous Ci- a ^.3' 
uilianfometimcsinP^rjif. AsIuiedothbyanOke, imbrace it fo long, 1^-4 
vntill it hath got the heart out of it, fo doe they by fuch places they inha. Gfori mcrt^ 
bits nocounfeilatall^noiuftice, nofpeechtobe had mfi eum prxmtU-''^,'r!^"'mZj-''' 
ferid^ he muft be feed (till, or elfe he is as mute as a fifh, better open an ^^'^f^^^ 
Oyfter without a \siik.h»ferto crcde (faith hSaliiburienfis) in md»ui eorum '^Ais'jii^coJ 
tnillies incidi.U Charon immitis qui nulli pepercit vnquam,his longe cic- ^^'''^ 
mentior eft ; If^eake out of experience, I haue beene atheufand times among^%l'^!!!u^ika- 
them, and char dn himfelfe is more gentle then they ^ ''he is contented with hisf'^^^^""^.^^ 
fingle pay^ but multiply fiili^ they are neuer fati^Jied : befides, they haue dam »»t11(e^" 
mfic^Unguas^ ashee tearmes'it,, nififunibus argent eisvmcias^ ^^^J ^^KtoZI^ZI^L 
be feed to fay nothing,"^ and get more to hold their peace, then we can J- 
to fay our beft. They will fpeakc their clients faire, and inuitc them tof^^^^^*^ 
their tables, but as he foUowes it, « of diniuHice there is none fo ptrnici- mAXftnedK -fV' 
cm oi that of theirs, which when thej decetue moU^ -will feme to be Iconefi men. Jf^^XT^^ 
They take vpon them to be peacemakers, & fouere caufas kimiiium^ to '^tdesmur. ^ 
helpe them to their right, patrocinantur afflt^lu > ^ but all is for their owne \^eZrcT.f^ 
good 3 vt loculos plenmum exhauriant, they plead for poore men gratis^ but procedat hcc 
they are but as a ftale to catch others. If there be no iarre, e they can^T^SjS. 
make a iarre, out of the law it fclfe, finde ftill fome quirke or other, to 
fet men at oddes, and continue caufes fo long, Urira aliquot, I know notjZuTi^^'*'' 
how many ycares before the caufc is heard, and when 'tis indeed and de- j^^^.^'^i" . 
termincd, byrcafonof fome tricks and errors, it is as frei'h to begin, 
after twice feuen yecres fomctimes, as it was at firft • and fo they pro- J^j*^^ 
long time, delay futcs, till they haue enriched themfelues, and beggered frereZ'l-^. 
their clients. And as ^ Cato inueighed againft Ificrates fchoHcrs, we may Jj^,'^^"',^^^^'; 
iuftly taxc our wrangling Lawyers, they doe Con jenef cere in litibtt^^ are fo ^dmfTroJ^' 
litieious and bufie here on earth, that I thinke they will plead their Ch- 
ents caufes hcreafter,fome of them m hell.' Simlerus compiamcs araonglt rurf^p't tract- 
the Sniffers of the Aduocates in his time,that when they iliould make an ^'f""' ""^^ 
end, they began controu^cs and prctraci their caufes ma^.,y yeeres ^ per-^ iuh.tJeHeU 
fwadingthem their title is good^ till their patrimonies be corfumed, and ^^^^ 

the^f haue ^ent more in feeking then tne thing is worth, or they jhall get by the moiic^M 
recouery. So that bee that goes to law, as the prouerbe is, ^ holds ^ZZ'^^ilfrT 
wolfe bv the eares, or as a fheepe in a ftorme runs for llielter to a brier, ^tUtesiumHi^ 
if hce profecute his caufe he is confumed, if hee furceafe his fuit he loo- J^-lS^'J^i 
fethall, what difference? They had wont heretofore, faith Aufttn^ xocHmnM^fiii 
end matters, per communes drbitros ; and fo in Snitzerland (wee are infor- 
med by Simleru^) they had feme common arbitrators^ or daiefmen in ettery J^^'^'J^*"/^/** 
Towne^t hat made a friendly compofitiotJ betwixt man and man^ and he w«(r^ k^iJ^^tw*!;, 
roonder sat their honefi ftmplicity^that could keep peace fiwell^d'endfach great J^^^"'"''"'- • 
caufes by that meanes. At » Fez in J.firicke^ they haue neither Lawyers nor 1 uUe net- 
Aduocates,but if there be any controuerfies amongft them,both parties, %-;';*'l'fr, 
plaintife and defendant come to theku4lfakins or chiefe Iudge,W at once., j^ag.ccnfiity^i^ 
mthout any farther appeales, or pittifuH delay es^ the caufe ts heard ^^'^^^^^^-^^^.Znf^Z 
Our forefathers as° a worthy Coro^rapher of ours obfcrues, had wont«,^/7A«rj^/- 

y C7 1 (itjLtteslolhnt. 

Ei»m4forumnoflr$rHjimlkttateMror^tiiCteeAufasgfM^^^ nCU>t4rdJ.i.fp,S^^tac9iitreutrfU 

^ Faucultti 

50 Democritys tQthel^ader. 

Pauculis cfuculis aureis, with a few golden croflcs and lines in verfe ^ make 
all conueiances^afllirances 5 and fuch was the candor and integrity of fuc- 
cecdingages, that a Deed (as I haue oft feene)to conuayawhole Ma- 
nor, was implkitc contained in fome twenty lines, or thereabouts, like 
that fcedc or Scytala Lacmica, fo much renowned of old in all ^:ontrads 
^aiAttZum^' ^^^^^^ ^ earncftly commends to Atticus : VluUrch in his Lyfander\ 

%if(T\T*' AriU$tle paltti^ ThucUtdes Itlf.i, iDiffdcrus and Suidds approueand mag- 
q Bihiioth.ii . nifie, for that Lacomcke breuity in this kinde. And well they might, for 
tUiMAmm. according to^TntuRiaftj cert a font faucis,xhQTt is much more certainty in 
fewer words 5 And fo was it of old throughout, but now many skins of 
parchment will fcarce fcrue turne, hee that buyes and fcls a houfe,muft 
haue a houfe full of writings, there be fo many circumftanccs, fo many 
words, fuch Tautologicall repetitions of all particulars (to auoid cauilla- 
tion they fay) but we finde by our wofuU experience, that to fubtle wits 
it is a caufe of much more contention and variance, and fcarce any con- 
ueyance fo accurately penned by one, which another will not finde a 
cracke in, or cauill at, if any one word be mifplaced, any little error, all 
is difanuUed. That which is law to day is none to moriow,rhat which is 
found in one mans opinion,is moft faulty to another • thai in conclufion 
mofbTof'L ^^^^ nothing amongft vs but contention and confuiion, we bandy one 

dmimi. Hi mom 

againft another: And that which long fince^P/«^4r^/> complained cf them 
"t '^'oTml- ^^'^^ "^^y verified in our times. Thefe men ^ere affentbkd^ come not 

tofxcrifice to their Gods^to oferhxipktT their firB fiuHs^or merriments to Bac- 
'rSf './f.*' ^^^^ ' exaj^erating Mm hath brought them hnhtr, to 

KZ\*7tlJcl ^^ke an end 0f their Controuerfies and Lmfuites, 'Tismultitudo perdentium 
tUnfs ^ (ed ^ ' dcftrudtiuc rout^ that Icckc one another s ruine. Such 

moit part are our ordinary 5Uiters,Termers, Clients, new ftirres eucrv 
ZZ7p:£uc day, miftakes, errors, cauils, and at this prefent, as I haue heard in fomc 
t»seoegit,<;,t one Gourt,I know not how many 1000 caufes : no perfon free no title al 
ZXlgZu ^oftgood,withfuchbittcrne(rein following, many flights, procra- 

ftinations, delaycs, forgery ,fuch coft(for infinite fums arc inconfiderate- 
ttcor.a. ly fpent) violence and malice, I know not by ^ofe fault, Lawyers Cli 
l^filf^^ ^"^^5 La^^s, both or all : but as Paul reprehended the ^ Corinthian/ long 
fietk\pf^9.^ fince, I may more appofitely infcrre now : There is a fault amongfiyou^ and 
Tc?/rcad to jour fhamejs there not a " m/e man amongft pu, to md^e betxpeem 

two learned his brethren} but that a brother goes to /aw with a brother. And *Chrifts coun 
fnSriani"° fel^conccming Law-fuites,was neuer fo fir to be inculcated,as in this age! 
prrached by * Agree with thine aduer fary quickly (^ e. Mat 5.25. 
Profe/Tor Dr I could Tcpcat many fuch particular grieuanccs , which muft di 

tXrjr ^^t't ^^^y^^^^^^^^^^^ f bncfe, where good gouern- 

hyFcrUxiQng^ ment is, prudentand wife Princes, there all thingsthriue and profpcr 
^on.i6iu peace and happinclTe is in that Land, where it is othcrwifc all things are 
vgly to behold, incult, barbarous, vnciuill, a Paradife is turned to a 
wilderneflTe.This Ifland amongft the reft,our next neighbours the French 
andGermanes.maybea fufficient witnelfe, that in a iT^ort time bv that 
prudent policy of the Romans, was brought from barbarifme- fee'but what 
C^far reports of vs,& Tacitus of thofe old Germanes^they were once as vn 
ciuil as they inr/>^/W4,yetby planting of Colonies,^ good Lawes they 

Demochitvs^o the Trader. 51 

became from barbarous outlawes, * to be full of rich and populous Ci- 
ties, as now they are, and moft florifhing kingdomes, Euen fo might w^Kwr^Sf 
VirginU^ and thofe wilde Iriflj haue becne ciuilizcd long fince, if that or- fXX^S'Jr 
der had beene heretofore taken, which now begins of planting Colo- Germanti. Si 
nies &:c. I haue red a ^ Difcourfe, printed Anno 1612 . Dijionering the ^otmi^am 
true caufes^ why Ireland neuer intirely fuhdued ot brought vnder obedi- ^rbtbm hoM 
encetothe Crowne ^/England, vnttU the beginnmg of his lAAteflies bappj 'dwJ^J^f^ 
rtigne. Yet if his reafbns were throughly fcanned by a iudicious Politi- trtftemcuitu, 
cian,! am afraid hee would not altogether be approued^but that it would "^^^'^^ 
turne to the difhonor of our Hation,to fuffer it to lyefo long wafte. Yea, 
and if fome trauellers fhould fee (to come neerer home) thofe rich vnited i^ftf„^Atw^ 
Prouinces oiHoSind^ZeUnd^i^c. ouer againft vs ; thofe neat Cities and "cy generaU 
populous Townes, full of moft induftrious Artificers, fo much land re- f"s 'zr'!p'4ady 
couered from the Sea, and fo painfully preferued by thofe Artificiall in- ^"Y^"" 
uentions, *J fo many nauigable channels from place to place, made by a Fromc^i,/ 
mens hands, &:c. and on the other fide fo many thoufand acres of our fens s^'*'',from 
lye drowned, our Cities thin, and thofe vile, poore, and vgly to behold s^^c?"^ 
in refped of theirs, our trades decayed, our ftiil running riuers flopped, 
and that bencficiall vfeof tranfportation, wholly negleded, fo many Ha- 
iiens void of Ships and Townes, fb many Parkes and ForreAs forplea- 
fure, barren Heaths, Co many Villages depopulated &c. I thinke fure he 
would findc fome faults 

I may not deny but that thh Nation ofours, doth hene aud/re apud ex- 
teres^ is a moft noble, a moft fiouriQiing kingdomc, by common confcnt 
of all * Geographers, Hiftoi ians, Politicians, 'tis 'vmca^elutarx^ and ^^ruffHreV^ 
which Quint ms in Liuy (aid of the inh.i':>; rants of Pelleponeffii^msLy be well ter/dtteranuty 
applied to vs, wee arc teHudims tesia }ua tKcLufi^ like fo many Tortifes 
in our fhels, lafely defendcdby the Sea, asa wall on all iides ; Our Hand ^r^mindin,n^ 
hath many fuch honorable Elogfurns ; An 1 as a learned Country-man oftf^JZ^^r^' 
ours right well hath ir, ^ Euerjince the Normnns firfl comming into England, *»ferfta- 
this Country both for mn'itaryjm/itters and all&iher ofiiutlity, hath beene para. ^btfhn^tZi 
kUed'Xvith the mo9 flourifniPg Kingdames of .Europe^ xnd our ChriHian world 
a blefled, a rich Country, andone ofrhe tortunate Ifles : And for fome 'c^Jde^^yif^ 
things s preferred befo.e other Countries, for expert Seamen, our labo- '^^^ormannM* 
rious difcoucries, Art of Nauigation,tfue Merchants, they carry the bell VrZ!h7e^' 
away from all other Nations, euen the Portugalsand Hollanders them- fJJ^*^'''' 
felucs, ^ without allfeare, faith Boterus^furrowiKg the Ocean^ winter and Sum- 7Jn/oce£i„ 
wer^ and two of their Captatnes, with no l(fffe valor then fortune^ haue failed ^fj*/*'^'''*^ 
round about the world. ' We haue befides many particular ble Hi ngs, which ntteami«!i 
our Neighbours want, the Gofpelltruely preached. Church Difcipline 
eftablillied,long peace and quietne(re,free from exactions,forraine fears, ttrrAcinum- 
inuafions,domefticali fedicions,we!l manured, '^fortified by Art & Na- ^Cji^Jj^'V* 
ture, and now moft happy in that fortunate vnion of England 2iwd Scotland, voterut. ^ 
which our fore-fithers haue laboured to effcvfi:, and defired to fee ; But Jbiiefgodd 
in which we excell all others,a wi{e,Iearned, religious King,another Nu A:re.>\c.Tin, 
wrf, a fccond Auguftus^ a true lojiah.^ moft worthy Senators, a learned si^fmlj'?"' 
CIeargy,an obedient Commonalty ,&:c. Yet amongft many Rofes,{bme ^ ^•''^Brium, 
ThifUes grow,fome bad weeds and enormities,which muchdiflrube the "m^^'^^^ 

g 2 peace 

D E M o c R 1 1 V s to the ^ader. 

pdaceof chi$ Body pdliticke, Eclipfe the honour and glory of it fit to be 
rooted out, and withall fpecd to be reformed. 

Thefirftis Idlencflcjbyrcafbnof which, wee haue many fwarmes of 
rogues and bcggers, theeuesjdrunkardsjanddifcontented perfbns(whom 
Lycurgusin fluUrch cals morbos reipuh, the boyles of a Common-wealth) 
a Lih, I ,b^. i^^ny poore people in all our TownQS^CivttAtes tgnohiles^sis a Polydore cals 
them^bafe built Cities, inglorious, poore, fmall, rare in fight, ruinous, ' 
and thin of inhabitants. Our land is fertile, we may not deny ^ full of all 
good things, and why doth it not then abound with Cities ,as well as 
ly^FTMce^Germnny^ the Low-countries ? becaufe their policy hath bin o- 
therwife, and we are not fo thrifty, circumfped, induftrious • Idlenefle 
T* waIus Genius of our Nation. For as ^ Boterus iuftly argues, fertili- 

ty of a Country is not enough,except Art and Induftry be ioyned vnto it, 
according to Ariliotle^ riches are either naturall orartificiall ; naturall are 
good land, fairc mincs,&c. artificiall are manufactures,coincs,&c. Ma- 
ny Kingdomcs are fertile,but thin of inhabitants, as that Dutchy of Pied-- 
fnont in //^/y, which LeanderAlbertus fo much magnifies for Corne,Wine, 
Fruits, Sic. yet nothing neere fo populous as thofe which are morebar- 
ren. ^ Engkn ^,faitii he ^(London omly excepted) ftath neuer a populous C'ttte^ 
And yet a fruit full Country, I finde 4^ Cities and walled Towns in Aifatia^d, 
]1!ucl7*»'*ni- ^'"^^^ Prouince in Germany, 5 o Caftles,an mCmitQ number of Villages, no 
ttoterum out- ground idle,no not rocky places,ortops of hils areVntilled, as ^ MunHer 
Sw'a informeth vs.In '^Gretchgea a fmall territory on the Necker^ 2 4 /tal/A» miles 
d cofmi^A.^ . ouer,I read of 2 o walled townes, innumerable villages, each one contai- 
r««««.'^'tl ^^"S ^ 5 o houfcs moft part,belldcs Caftles,&: Noblemens Pallaces. I ob- 
ferue in ^Tur 'mge in Datchlafid{VNQ\\\Q miles oucr by their Icale) 1 2 Coun- 
^IZ^liZ, ^i^s.andinthem i44cities,2ooo vilIages,i44towns,2 5o Caftles.In^^^ 
e chytre>4s o - ¥^riA 3 4 citics,4 ^ towns,&:c. ^PortugaUtA inter Amnis^z fmal plot of ground 
""cof'tsslT' ^^^^ ^^^"^ Pariaies,i3o Monafteries,2oo Bridgcs.M^/^^ a barren Ifland 
f Ai<<//««* yeelds 2 0000 Inhabitants. But of all the reft I admire Lues Guicciardines 
^liortdiu, 'e ^^^^f^o^is of the Low-countries. Hohnd hath 2 6 Cities ; ^ 400 great vil- 
Vdfeot^pet, hgQs.Zek'id lo citics,io2 parirhcs.5rrf^i»f 2^ cities, 102 parifhcs.f^;?. 
i A^ht^mh i''' ^ ^ citics^po towns, 1 1 54 villages, befides Abbics,CartIes,&c.* The 
families in Low-couutries generally haue three cities at leaft for one of our, &: thofe 
cHch. far niore populous & rich,and what is the caufe, but their induftry & ex- 
cellency in al manner of trades? Their c5merce,which is maintained by a 
multitude of Tradef Tien,fo many excellent channels made by Art, & op- 
portune haucns,to which they build their cities: AI which we haue in like 
meafure,or at leaft may haue. But their chiefeft Lodcftone,which draws 
all manner of commerce & merchandize, which maintaines their prefent 
eftate,is not fertility of foyle, but induftry that enricheth them, the ^old 
mines of ?^r«, or Nova Hi/p^niA may not compare with them. They haue 
neither gold nor filuer of their owne,wine nor oyle, orfcarce anycorne 
growmgmthofevnitedProuinces,littleornoWood,Tinne Lead Iron 
Silke, Wooll, any ftuffe almoft,or Mettle ; and yet Hungary Jr An filuAml 
that bragge of their mines, fertile EngUnd cannot compare with them I 
dare boldly fay, that neither /^r^r*, TArentum^Afuli*^ Lomyardy iuln 
VAknct in spAtnty or that plcafant AndAlufu, with their excellent fruits 


DEMocKnwsto the Trader. 5 j 

Wine and Oyle jtwo Haruefts^no not any part of £ur^ is fb iiourifhing. 
To rich/o populous/o full of good ShipSjOf well built Cities, io aboun- 
ding with all things neceflarie for the vfe of man. 'Tis our Indies Epi- 
tome of CbiHa^2LX)fX all by reafonof their induftryjgoodpolicie,and com- 
merce. Induftry is a Lode-ftone to draw all good things, that alone 
makes Countreys flouri(h,Cities populous,* and willl enforce by reafon nfuTjiTJ^ 
of much manure, wiiich ncceffarily foUowes, a barren Soyle to be fertile eHtturuj^a 
and good,as Sheepe,faith «• D/^;>:,mendabadpafture. • " "o ^j2T.s. 

Tell me Politicians, why Is that fruitfuU PaleHim^nohle Greece, ^yf gyp r, ^ 
AjiA Mifffir/o much decaycd,and ( meere carcafles now) faine from thai jt!^ nian>-ry 
they were ? The Ground is the fame 5 but the gouernment is altered, the ''-"^ 
people are grownc flouthfull, idle, their good husbandry ,policie,andln-/^nl*,^'°^ 
dultry is dQca.yQd,Nonfatigata auteffceu humw^as ^Colnmeiln well info mcs J ^' 
SylumM^ fed noHra fit inert t a ^(^c. May a man beleeue that wh ich Arijlvtle ^ ' 
in his ^oViuckQs^PaufamaSyStephnftM, Sc^hianiK^ Cerbelius relate of old 
Greece? I find heretofore 70 Cities ii9Epirus oucrthrowne by Pa«lffs 
^^miliw^ a goodly Prouince in times paft, ^ now left defolate of good d 
Townes, and almoft all Inhabitants. 62 Cities in M^cedenia. in Strabos 
time. I find 30 in Lacortia^wtnow fcarce fo many Villages, {aith Gtrbelim, ^trtem-ou 
If any man now from Mount T^^^^/^^ Hiould view the Countreyrouiid^^^^J/^^^^ 
about, and fee tot delitia^s^ tot Vrbes per Pclcponefum dtjf rfas^ fo many deli- Gr»ci<tttb.<:. ' 
cate and braue built Cities,with fuch coft and cxc^uiiite cunning,{b neat- 
ly fet out in Peloponefus, ^ he fhould perceiue them now ruinous and oucr- « f^i'^eii/ eat 
throwne,burnt,wait,defolate,and layd leuel with the Ground .7^?^ edibile^'lr^'P^lLyl 
di^iu^tjrc. And as he laments, Quis talta fa»do temperet a Ucrymis Qjiis tam t^.amt tn 
durus Aut ferrem ({b he profecutes it) who is hee that can fufficiently con- li^IreJ^f' 
dole and commiferate thefe ruines ? Where are thofe 4000 Cities of ^^^'"i*^^* 
^gypt^ thofe 100 Cities in Crete 1 Are they now come to two > W hat 
(aith PUrry and ^/^lian of old Itdy. There were in former ages 1166 
Cities B/effdm and Machiauel^ both grant them now nothing neere fo 
populous, and full of good Townes as in the time of AugaHus ( for now 
Udnder Alhertmcm find but 300 at moft) and if wee may giue credit to (uh,7,yQ. 
^ Lmy^ not then fb ftrongand puiffantas of old : They muHtred 70 Legions 'eptonei 
in former times ^hich ?iOw the k now^e fi'or Id willjcdvce yeeld. AiexAndtr ^^^^^tuf at^^^et 
70 Cities in a fhort fpace for his part, our Sultans and Turkes demolifh *«**Ac-. 
twice as many,and leaue all defolate. Many will not beleeue but that our 
Ifland of Great Britaine is now more populous then euer it was ; yet let 
them read Bede^Le/and^and others, they fhall find it moft flouriflied in the 
Saxpn Heptarchy, and in the Ccttijuerors time, was farre better inhabited, 
then at this prcfcnt. See that Veme/ddy-bodk^^dXid fhew me thofe thou- 
fands of Pari ilics, which are now decayed. Cities ruined, Villages depo- 
pulated, S^c. The lefTer the Territorie is, commonly the richer it is, 
Parum fed bene c alt MAger, As t\\o(Q Athenian^ Lucedamonian^ Arcadian^ 
c^lian^Sycimian^MefeniaH.fyc, Common-wealths of Greece make ample 
proofe,as thofe Imperiall Cities and free States of Germany may witneij, 
thofe Cantons of Switg^s^Rhett^Grifins^tVdlUwnesfCQintonos of Tnjcany^ 
PiedmmyMantua^Fenice in Itdy^KAg^fe^ (^€, 


54 DnMocKnystothe ^dder. 

^po^Ll'ca That Prince therefore, as $Btter/ts aduifeth, that will haiie a rich 
Coiintrey ,and fayre Cities,let him get good Trades, Priuiiedges, paine- 
full Inhabitants, Artificers, r id fuffer no rude Matter vnwrought, as Tin, 
h Fordying Iron,Wooll,Lead,&c.tobe tranfported out of his Countrcy. A thing 
aLVrfiing; in part ferioufly attempted amongft vs,but not effeded. And becaufe 
^<:' induftry of men, and multitude of Trades fo much auailes to the orna- 
iyAier.Ujc,i meqt and enriching of a Kingdome; Thofe ancient • ^^//ww wouJd ad- 
mit no man into their Qitie, that had not fome Trade. Se/ym the firft 
T/zriJ:/)^ Emperor, procured a thoufand good 'Artificers to bee brought 
fiom Taurii to CmHantimpU, The PoUnaers indented withHenry Duke 
of Aniou, their new chofen King, to bring with him an hundred Families 
kffi/f,sc»tj /» of Artificers into Poland, Umes the firft in Scotland (as ^ Buchanan writes) 
/fri^Jm^!^t fentfor the beft Artificers hee could get in £m/'^, and gaue them great 
sein sjt rewards,to teach his Subiedts their feuerall Trades. Edward the third,our 
edocertmtitr. renowned King, to his eternall memorie, brought Cloathing firft 

into this Ifland, tranlporting fome Families of Artificers from Gaunt hi- 
ther. How many goodly Cities could I reckon vp,that thriue wholly by 
Trade, where thoufands of Inhabitants Hue fingular well by their fingers 
ends : As Florence in Italy ^ by making Cloth of Gold ; great Mtllan by 
Silke,and all curious Workes j Arra4 in ArtoU^ by thofe fayre Hangings ^ 
many Cities in Spame^ many io trance., Germ any ^ha.ue none other maintc- 
1 M/mjtCofm. nance,e{pecially thofe within the Land . * Mecha in Arabia Petraa^ ftands 
^'^'^'I'^'Jl^un ^ vnfruitfull Countrey, that wants water, amongil Rockcs ( as 
inf*cundi(?fm» f^crtominHHi defcribes it) and yet it is a moft elegant and pleafant Citie, 
Vnttr^S' fhe trafficke of the Eaft and Weft. Orm;is in Perjia^is a moft 

^ris mnen * famous Mart-Towne, hath nought el^e but the opportunitie of the Ha- 
it^oZffT* ^^^^ flourifh. Corinth a noble Citie (^Lumen Gre^i^^TuUy cals it) 

the Eye of Greece^ by reafon of Cemhreas and Lechery thole excellent 
orc$<ienti4^ Ports, drew all that trafficke of the Ionian and tAgean Seas to it j and yet 
mL\ ».Geogr» the Countrcy about it was cnruA ^ fuperciliofa^'^% ™ Straho teaf mes it,rug- 
g^^ harfti. Wee may fay the fame of Athens yAcltum^rhehci^Spart a ^ 
and moft of thofe Townes in Greece. Noremberge in Germany is fired in a 
moft barren SoyIe,yet a noble Imperial! Citie, by the foie induftry of 
Artificers jand cunning Trades, they draw the riches of moft Countrey s 
to them, fo expert in Manufadures, that as SaluH long fince gaue out of 
the like, Sedem am ma in extremis dig; t is habent^ their Soule, or tnteile6ii4s 
. , agws, was placed in their fingers ends ; and fo we may fay of Bafil^ Spire ^ 
N^crfefluf. CambrayjFrancfrrt^crc.lx: is almoft incredible to fpeake what " MatMccii^ 
heig.A.ic^c. thelefuite,and fome others, relate of the induftry of thQChinaes moft 
populous Countreys, not a begger,or an idle per fon to be feene, and how 
by that meanes they profper and flourifh . \^^ee haue the fame meanes, 
able bodyes,pliant wits, matter of all forts,Wool!,Flax,Iron,Tin,Lead^ 
Wood,&c. many excellent Subie^stoworke vpon,onely induftry is 
wanting. Wee fend our beft commodities beyond the Seas, which they 
makesoodvfeof to their necefTities, fet thetrifelues aworke about,and 
feucrally improue, fending the fame to vs backe at deare rates, or'elfc 
make toyes and babies of the Tayles of them, which they fell to vs again, 



Deuockitw stothe ^leader. 55 

at as great a reckoning as they bought the whole. In moft of our Cities, 

fome few excepted, like® Spam/b loyterers, we Hue wholly by Tippling- 

Innes and Ale- Houfes, Malting are their beft Ploughes, their greatellS/j;i/^ 

tralficke to fell Ale. p M-eterm^ and fome others obied to vs,that we are 

no whit fo induftrious as the Hotianders ; Mai$uallTrades ( faith he ) which ^ilt^ t^BeJg. 

*re morecme^ or trouhkfome^tre rvh0lly exercifedby Strangers : th$y dwell in ^^f^-^'^ 

4 SeafuU of Fijh^but they are fi idle^they wili not catch Jo much as (hall ferut Beigs,fed<^t 

that 0wm turnesjout buy it of their Neighbears, Tufh^i Mare liber um^they ^f^ZmZ'' 

fifli vnder our nofes, and fell it to vs when thev haue dene, at their owne //• o/« 

prices ' ofamag^ntesx 

^. I fudet hu fipprobria nobis n^iipfa pi'tn- 

EtdicifotmJJ'e.&nmfmifirefelli. ■ T'^^,, 

I am afhamed to heare this obieded by Strangers, and know not how '"^e"u?rmt''L 
toanfwcrit. duftrhm^a 

Amongft our Townes there is onely'^Z.W^;? that beares the face of ^^!^tSu"xSi 
Citie^^ Epitome BrHanmd^ A famous Ew/s^m?;^, fccond to none beyond f^^'*'-,^'^^'- 
Scas, a noble Mart: But f&U crefcit , decrefcentibm ^/^r/jand yet in my ^^^^'J^rirJ^ 
flenderiudg-ement^defectiucinmany thinp^s. The rell('fome few Q^.i»tercdta^ 
cepted)are m meane eftate,ruinous moft part^poore and full ot beggers, .am^^uiH- 
by reafon of their decayed Trades, ncgledcd or bad policie, idlcnelfe of Tf^"f"J^''.j 
their Inhabitants, riot,which had rather bcggc or loyter, and be ready to ki^an^lLre 

Ilarue,thenworke. , ^G::::"-uier, 

I can not deny, but that (bmething may be fayd in defence of our Cit- r y,bs ammk 
ties," that they are not fo fayre built, rich,thicke fted, populous, as in 
forne other Countreys, be fides the rcafons Cardan ^r\qs Subtil. Lib. n.^enttssca- 
we want Wine and Oyle,their two Haruefts, we dwell in a colder Ayre, ^^^^^^ 
and for that caufe muft a little more liberally * feed of Flefh, as all trorke, ' 
Northerne Countreys doe ; Our proui lion will not therefore extend to ^^J^^;^^ 
the maintenance of fo many : Yetnotwithftanding we haue matter of all worfefler.b^t, 
forts, an open Sea for traflficke^ as well as the reft, goodly Haucns. And J^^^; a''/^! 
how can we cxcufe our negligence, our riot,drunkenne(fe, 6k:c. and fuch mcnt: BccauCe 
enormities that follow it ? Wee haue excellent Lawcs cnaaed,you will ^^f^^X 
fay,feuere Statutes,Houfcs of c predion, &c.to fmall purpofeit feemcs, vs in the 
it is not Houfes will ferue, but Cities of corredion, y our Trades gene- vHirgc"Ju» 
rally ought to bee reformed, wants fupplyed. In other Countreys they 
haue the fame.grieuances,I confeffe, but that doth not excufe vs,'' wants, thing t" the 
defeds,enormities,idle drones,tumults,difcords, contention, Law-fuits, PJ^J^^Jj^^ 
many Lawes made againft them, to repreffe thofe innumerable brawles 

or foure hun- 

and Law-fuits ,exceire in Appardl,Dyet, decay of Tillage, Depopulati- 

ons,* efpccially againft Rogues, Beggars, ^Egyptian Vagabonds ( fo tear- euer'e* 

med at icaft) which haue a fwarmed all ouer Germany, France^Itdy, Poland^ TGentil^ 

what is foure 

hundred FaiM'h'es to encreafe one of our Cities, or to contend with t' eirs, which ftand tfvclcer \ And whereas ourj 
vfuallv confifts of fcuen thouDnd, theirs confil of fourtie ihoufand I nhabitants. x Maxima pars Vi^w tn c/trne con% 
(tftit P'ljd.Lib. I. Htft. y Rejrxnate monopoUj Ucent 't/tm^pAHc'ieres aUntur ocio, redinttgr''tur dgrico^atU^Umfc'tam^ 
in^Avretur yr ftt honeflitm negot0umjjHt ft exerce*t ttfofa iUa turla. N$Jt hU malii mcientur^ fr> uffra exerctnt iuffit 'tant, 
Mor VfoP- Lth.\, z Mamipi']S tocuples eoet *ris CAppddocum rex. Hsr, * Regts dignitatis non eff exercere Imperittm in 
mettdicos.fed inopulentosi NoaeffrtfM$ fecusyfedsatcerts eJfecHffos.Idtm. a Celittuies hsminvmiintrM'esexc^flt ftle^ 
tmmm^i yefh, fkJi ■>nfv^fttrtitimfrmts Mr^t^^c. 


j6 Deuockitvs to the T^adtr. 

as you may read in ^ MunBer^ CrdnztM, and Attenttnfa 5 as thofe Tartars 
^cofrnt^, ,3. ^j^^^^^^^^^j^jjjjj jaydoeintheEafterneCountreys ; Yet fuch hath 

bcene the iniquitic of all ages, as it (eemes to fmall purpofe. Nemo in 

M^ra Cfuitate mendicm eHo^ faith Fkto^ hee will haue them purged from a 
m'n^sZ"'*^ Common-wealth, ^asa iadhnmeur from the hdy, they are like fb many 

Vlcers and Boyles^and muft bee cured before the Melancholy body can 
^Z^dl^oTui^ bee eafed. 

fu»era. What Carolui MAgnui, the chintfe^ the SfAnUrAs^ Duke of Saxony^ 

tr^/umT' "^^"y o^hcr States haue decreed in this cafe, read Arm/eufCap, ip, 
€of pare, {11 de Bstcrm Libr, 8. Cap. 2, Oforius de Rebus geJi.Emdn, Lib, 11. When a ' 
ji'if^a^ Countrcy is ouer-ftoied with people 5 as a Pafture is oft ouer-laid with 
•ixMri. Cattle, they had wont in former times to disburden themfelues,by fend- 
ing out Colonies, or by Warres, as thole old RomAnes\ or by employing 
them at home about (bme publique buildings, as Bridges, Rode-wayes, 
for which thofe Romanes wcic famous in this Ifland ? As AuguHus dcfar 
did in Kome^ the Spamards in their Indian Mines : « Aqueduul s. Bridges, 
iDtqmS:*et, Hauens, thole ftupend workes of TraianjClaadiua at ^ OHium,Fucmus 
'pl/t$iMc!^T Lacus^thdX Piraum in Athens ^mSLde by ihemtjlecleSyAmphitheatrums of 
curious Marble, as at Vtrona^ Ciuitaa fhtlippi^ and HcracUa in T/^race^thofe 
Appian and Fkmmian waycs, prodigious workes all may witnelTe : And 
^rffgt^dti rather then they fhould be 1: idle, as thofe ^ tAigyptian Pharaes^ Mceris and 
mjt!ecu!^!uur ^^fifl^^ ^^^-i^o taske their Subieds to build vnneccffarie Pyramides, 
tfificunondtp- Obeliskes, Labyrinthes, Channels, Lakes, Gygantean workes all, to di- 
fiH^ewtttu^* uert them from Rebellion, Riot, DrunkenelTe, ' Quo Jcilicet aUntur^ ^ ne 
Sod'in.L6.c,z. ^/agando Uhorare defutfcant , 

Va^Ps's.' Another Eye-fore is that want of condu(5): and nauigable Riuers , a 
i;yptt Rex,\e- gf^at blemifh, as ^Boterm^^Hippolitma Col/ibus^ and other Politicians 
^gZu^Tomnei hold, if it bec neglected in a Common-weakh. Admirable coft and 
nl^rltV^' charge is beftowed in the Low-Countrcys on this bchalfc, in the Dutchy 

of Territorie of Padua^'m"^ France^ Italy yChina^^nd fo likev/ijfe 

Vsnf^'ut ^^^^ corriuations of Waters to moyften and refreih barren Grounds, 
iiiftmrfH folit, to dreanc Fennes , Bogges , and Moorcs. 

kLti.t' dem- ^^pf^^ff^ made many inward parts of Barbary, and Numidia in Afiich 
trem.vrb.cs. bcforc his time, incult and horrid, fruitfull and battable by this mcanes. 
\fet]vfb!"~ ^^^^^ induftry is generally vfed all ouer thofe Eafterne Countreys in 
iluat flumen, this kiud, cfpecially in ^gypt about Baby Unhand Damafcud^a.s Vertomanntts 
^St.'*^'"'"^ " Arthur relate 5 about Bercelcna, S^'goukyand many other 

njncreJihiUm placcs of Spaiue I by reafbn of which,their Soyle is much improued and 
%7aurlme'^ infinite commodities arife to the Inhabitants. ' 

^^'Z^*- The Turkes of late attempted to cut that Vimos betwixt Africh and 
Ajia^'Midi^ Sefiftris and Dariu^^ and fome Pharaohs of JB(^ypt had for- 
^nfodtfis '"^^^y undertaken, but with ill fuccelTe, as p Diodorus Sicttlm records , and 
ViXoZnu Pliny Jot that the Red-Sea being three 1 Cubits higher then M^ypt 
,A,,jRcmmm would hauc dtowned all the Counttcy upte ^^M'-tf^^, they left off. ver 
cffiJmnt, as the lame ' DtodorusvfniQs^Ptolomy renewed the worke many yeeres 
l^'j/*/^^**' after, and abfolued it in a more opportune place. 


Democritvs to the^ader, 57 

Thar iflmos of Corinth was like wife vndertaken to be made navigable by 
Demetritft, by Julius Cdfar, Nero, Demitiant Hcrodes x^UicHS) to make a 
fpccdy * panagej& Icffi dangerous^from the Icmanand tA.gean Seas'.buc 
becaulc ir could nor be fo well cffc^ied, the PetloponefianshuWi a wall Jikc 
cor Pi^cs wall, about Schanunte, where Neptunes Temple flood, and ih 
the (hortcft cut ouer the //?w<?j,of which Diodorus lib.ii.HerodotM lih. s. 
Vran. Our later Writers call it Hexamilittm, which Amurath the Turke dc- 
molifhed, IhtVenetiansK^nno 1453. repaired ini 5. daycs with 30006 
men. Thuartus zndSerresihz French Hx^oihm^ fpeakeofa famous A- 
qacduft in France^xntcndtd in Henry the fourths time, from the Loyre to 
the Seine,and from Kodanm to Loyre, The like to which j \v^s foi-nicrly aH 
fayed by Domitian the Emperor, *» ^xom ArAr to MofeUa^which Cornelius »p'm.?iufa^ 
Tacitus Tpcakes of, in the 1 3 of his Andals, after by Charles the great and G^Jj^j(f^i„, 
orlu rs.M uch coft hath in former times bcene bcftowed in either new ma- pr.c4mg.iib. 
king or mcnding,channcls of riuersjand their psflages, {is Aureliknus did 
by Tyhr,ro make it nauigable to Home, to convay cornc from *y£gypt to ne!yilalo% 
the C'tVj v^dum dvei tumentis ejfodit, faith Vopifcus, ^ Tyburisrtfa6 ex- minmfericulojk 
truxtt, he cut fbrdcs, made bankeSj&cj decayed haucns, which Claudius **,jgf -."nj^ 
theEnperour with infinite paines and charges attempted at Ofita, as I CioiIJIk^a 
hauc faid. The VeiKtians at this day to prcfcrue their City i many excel- channeii from 
lent meancs to enrich their Territories, hauc becnr foftercdi invented in ^il^^^^i^^S 
mod Provinces of f/^^^/ff, as planting forae Indian plants ainongfl vs, mrusdefiripe.^ 
Silkc'vormcs, < the very Mulberry Icauesin the plaines of dranado.ycdd th«rujncs 
30000 Crownes per annum^ to the Kmg of Spaines cofcrs, be fides r hofc ^tComWt^l- 
many trades and artificers that arc bufied about them in the Kingdomc of bejg,iixm^<d' 
Cranado,iMurciA, and all ouet Spaine. In France a great benefit is railed JJ-f 
by fait, &c. Whether thefe things might not bee as happily attempted lia inter fiocci- 
with vs, and with like fucccffe fuctefTcjit may not be controverted: Silke- ^ 
wormcs (I meanc) Vines, Fjrtrees,6:c. Cardan exhorts Edtvard the lixt rafieZV'"^ 
to plant Oliues, and is fully p^rfwaded they would profpcr in this Hand. « ^^^aginM Ce* 
Withvs, nauigable riuersarcmoflpai'tneglededj our ftreanaes are not J^^^^^^^^ 
greatjl confeflcjby reafon of the narrowneffe of the Hand, yet they runne repJlZtMi: 
fmoothly and cucn,not headlong, fwift, or amongft rockes and fhelues, as dtfamt. 
foming Rhodanus,arid Loyre in FrancCyTygrisin Mefopotamiayioknt Du- 
rius in SpAi»e,mih Catarads 5c whirlepoolesas the Rhine, znd Danubius, 
abo'Jt Shaphaufen., Ldafenburgh, Lin/^and Cremmes,xo endanger Naviga- 
tors; or broad (h^WovtyH'&Neckarin the Palatinate/T thru in //^/y-but calmc 
and f aire as Arar in France, Hebrm in Macedonia, Eurotas in Laconin, they 
gently glide along, and might a$ well be repaired many of them(I meanc 
Wie, Trent ^ oufe, Thamift^ at Oxford, the ddt^k of which we feeltin the 
meanc time) as the riucr of Lee from Ware to London, B. Atmter of old , 
or as feme will Henry the i A made a Channel! from Trent to LiniCoine, na- 
vigablc; w*"* novvjfaith M". Camden,\s decayed, & much mention is made vogid^k'' ' * 
of Anchors, & fuch like monuments found about old * Ferulami um^good * ^"fc ^ 
(hips haue formerly come to Mxeter,6: many fucb places,whbfc Channels, 
HiUcnSjPorts arenow barred & rcieded. We coremne this benefit of ca- 
riage by waters, and arc therefore compelled in the inner parts of this 
Hand, bccaufc portage is fo deare, to eate vp our commodities our fclues, 
and liue like fo many Boarcs in a flye,for want of vent and vitcrancc. 

H Wc 


D E M o c EL I T V s tothe^ader. 

Wc haiic many excellent Hauens, royal! Um^ns^Falmonth, Portfinouth^ 
Ji/i^Wj^^.cquivalcntjif not to be preferred to that Indian Hauana, old 
Sruftdufium in Italy, Aulii in Greece^ Amhracia in Acarnama,Suda in Crete, 
which haue few fhipsin them, little or no traffickc or irade, which hauc 
fcarce a Village on them, able to bcare great cities, fed vidcrint^olitici, I 
could here iuftly taxe many other negleSs^abufeSjCrrors, duk&s amongft 
vs,and in other Countries^dcpopulationSjriofjdrunkchncfTc&c.and ma- 
ny fuch, qux nunc in aurem Jufurrare non lihet. But I muft t: ke heed, ne 
quid gravis dieant, that I doe not ouci flioot my felfe, Sus tjldimruam, I 
am forth of my clement,as yoo perad venture foppofe, and fomctimcs Ve- 
ritas odium parit,2S he hid^veriuce and oatmeale ts good for a P arret. 

We haue good Lawcs, I deny not, to rcdifie fuch enormities, and fo in 
all other Countriesjbut it feemes not al wayes to good purpofe. Wee had 
need of fome general vifiter in our age^ihat fliould reformc what is amifsj 
a iuft army of Rofie CrofTe racn/or they will amend all matters, (they fay) 
ReligionjPolicyjmanners, with artSjfcicnceSj&Ci Another ^^^///rfjT^w^^;'- 
Une^HerculeSf to ftriuc wi'-h Acheleus.Aftgea ft/ibulum furgare^ to fubduc 
*im^^Imti* tyrsntSjas c he did Diomedes and Bufiris: to cxpcll thceues as he did Cacus 
and Lacinius'^ to vindicate poore captiucSjas he did Hefione : to paffe the 
Torrid Zone, the deferts of Lyi>ia, and purge the world of monfters and 
Centaures: Or another T Man Crates to reforme our mannerSjto compofc 
* Apidtmitb.^j, quarrels,endconrrouerfie$,as in his time be did,and was therefore adored 
MminurhmU ^ Athens. As Hercules ^ f urged the world of mongers, and fubdu- 
uti tmUfuji ed themfodid he fight againfi Enuy , lujl, anger, auariee,^c. and all thofefe* 
^mnim&\m '^^^^^ monjlers of the wind. It were to be wifhed wc had fome fuch 
^^rmmerpri vificor, or if wifhing would ferue,one had (uch a ring or rings, as Timolaus 
finquos arbiter dcfircd in S Lucian, by vertue of which he fliould be as ftiong as lOooo 
^(herfrntacii' ^^"5^^ ^n army of Gyants,goe inuifib!e,open^ates & caftlc doores, hauc 
diam^nvidkm, what tfcafurc he would, tranfport hinifelfe in an inftanr to what place hec 
avarhiam, libi- dcfired,altcr affcdions, cure all manner of difeafes, that hec might range 
SfeS world,& reforme all diftreffed ftates & pcrfons,as he would him- 

vitta &mon- felfc. He might reduce thofe wandring Tartars in order, that infefl Chins 
ftra. phiiofophm Qj^g Cidc^Mufcouy, Poland on the otherj & tame thofe vagabond Ara- 

V.vellieL hians that rob and i'poile thofe Bajlerne Countries, that they fliould neuer 
mentib'M extf^t yfe more Carauans or Ictnifaries to condud the. He might root out Barba- 
mmt,&^- A^ericaj^inWy difcoucr T ma Aujtralis Incognita j find out 

*** the North-Eaft and North- Weft paffdgcs, dreane thofe mighty i»/<€e//4» 
fenne$,cut down thofe vafl Hircinian woods, irrigate thole hzxic Arabian 
deferts,&c. Cure vs of oui Epidemicall diksks^Sccrbutum^plica, morbus 
NeapolitanttSj^c, End all our idle controuerfics, cut of! our tumultuous 
defires, inordinate lufts,root out Athcifme, impiety, hercfie, fchifmc and 
fupcrftirion, which now fo crucific the world : Cathechife grolTe igno- 
rancCjpurge Italy of luxury and riot- Spaineof fupcrftition and iealoufie, 
^^r«i4/>^ of drunken neffe, all our Noriherffc Countries cfglttcony and 
intemperance, caftigateour hard-heartfd parents, mafters, tutors • la(h 
difobedient children, negligent feruants, corredtthefefpcnd-thriftsand 
prodigall fonnes, enforce idle pcrfons to worke, driuc drunkards out of 
the alehoufe,repre(re theeaes,vi[it corrupt & tyrannizing magiflrates,&c. 
But as LMcinim taxed Timolat^s, you may vs, Thefc arc vainCjabfurd, 


D EMO e RiTvs tothe^dJer, 


and ridiculous wifhes,nor to bee hoped : ail muft be as it is , ^ BoccAlinui ' ^^if^^'w 

may cite Commonvvc^Ichs to come before Apollo, and feeke to reforme ^^ir/'^fc^^ 

theworld itfelfcby Commiflioners, but there is no remedy, ir may not 

be redrefTed, homines turn demum (lultefcere, quAndo ejje deftmnt, 

fb long as they can waggc their beards, they will play the knaues and 


Becaufe therefore it is a thing fo difficult,impoflibIe, and farre beyond 
Hercules labours to be performed3 let them be rude, ftppid, ignorant, in- . 
cult, Upis fttper lapidem fedeat, and as the i Apologift will, Rej^ub. tuft ^ d^et^Jiotg' 
greueoUnVa Uboret, mundus vicio, let them be barbarous as they are, kt /»-wi>6.4o. 
them k cyrmnize, Epicuiizc, opprefll-, luxuriate, confumc therafclues ^ OuircrdidM 
with factions and contentions, liue in riot, poucrty, want, mifery, rebel), eit^rl'fcatat 
wallow as fom my fwinc in their ovvnc dung,as F/yJps companions, fiul- 
tos iubeo eJJe Itbenter. I will yet fatisfie and picafe my (elfc^make an Vtopia, 
of mine o wne,a new AtUntis^^ poetic ill Common wealth of mine own, 
in which I will freely domineere, build Cities, raak: Lawcs, Statutcs,as 
I lift my felf c. And why may I nor ? 

^Pi6iofibu4 at^ Poetis.^c. » Hn, 

You know what liberty Poets hauc euer had,and befidcs,my PrcdecefTor 
Democritm Wis a Politician,a Recorder of Abdera, a Law -maker as fome 
fjy, & why miy not I prefume as much as he did ? Howfoeuer I will ad- j 
v£cure.For the Site,if you ^ill needs vrgc me to it,I am not fully rcfolued, ' 
it may be in Terra Atifiralis Incognita, there is roomc enough (for of my 
knowledgeneither that hungry 5/>4;?/W, nor (Mercurius Bnttanniew, fgrji^„j^ 
haue yet difcouered halfe of irjor elfe one of thofc floting Hands in Mare ^irTi6i\. 
del ^»r,which like the Cyar^ianlks in the Euxine Sea,alter their place,and 
are acceflibleonely at fet limes, and tofomefcwperfons^ or one of the 
Fortunate lies, for who knowes yet where, or which they arc/* There 
is roorae enough in the inner parts of v^wmVj, and Norihcrne coaftsof 
Afia, Bad will chufc a fite,whofc latitude fhill be 45 degrees f Irefpc<5l 
not minutes j in the midft of the temperate Zone, or perhaps vnder the 
t/£quator, that Paradifeof the world^vbifemper 'uirens laf/rus,(^Cn\Nh€rc 
is a perpetuall Spring:the longitude for fome rcafbns I will conceale.Yct " 
be it knowne to all men bj tbefe prcfents^ihzz if any noncft Gentleman will 
fend in lo much m.oncy,as Cardan allowes an Aftrologer for cafiing a Na- 
riuicy, he (hall be a fharer, I will acquaint him with my proied, or if any 
worthy man willftand for any temporal or fpiriruall office or dignity (for 
as he fid of his Archbifhoprick of Ft$pia,mfanBu^ ambftus^dic not amiffe 
to be fought after; it fhal be freely giuen,wichout all interceflions, bribes, 
letters,&c. his own worth fhall be the beft fpokefmanj & bccaufc we fiiall 
admit ofno deputies or advoufonSjif hcbefufficiently qualifiedj&nsablc 
as willing to execute the place himfelfe,he fhal hauc prcfent poffeffion.Ir 
fhalbediuidedinto i2or 13 Prouinces, andthofeby hils, riuers, rodc- 
wayes,or fome more eminent limits cxa<5lly bonnded,Each Prouinccfhal 
hauc a Metropolis, vjhich fhall be fo placed as a Center almoft in a circQfe- 
rence,& the reft at equal diflances fome 11 //4//>^ miles afunder,orthere- 
about,3nd in them fhall be fold all things neceflary for the vfe of man^y?.://^ 
horis dr diebuf, no market townes^markcts or faires,for they do but L cggar 

h 2 Cities 

DsMOCRiTvs tothc^ader. 

Citics(no village (hall (land abouc Cxc> fcucn, or eight miles from a dry) 
except thofe Emporiums which are by the ScafldCj gencrall Staples, 
M3rts,as AntmrpeyVenicetBergett of oldjZ W^^j^J'^.citics moft part,{hall 
be firuatc vpon nauigablc riuers or lakes , creekes, hauens, and for their 
to yUt?4iru forme, regular, round, fquare, or long fquare, « with faire,broad, and 
tiumiib.t,tK ftreight « ftreetes, houfes vniforrae, built of bricke and ftoncjike Br/tges, 
10. dt i»lliti srux€ls,Rhegium^LejftM, Serna. in Swtt:{erUnd, OKtliaff^ Mantua, Crema, 
TskoiimHip' CamhlHinTartaryddctihcd by CH. Polti^, ox ihzt Venetian P alma. I 
pdmM Mik' vyill admit very few or no fuburbs,and thofe of bafer build ing,walls only 
fi^&^ul ^^^P^ ^"^ horre,exccpt it be in fome frontier townesjOr by the 

viuiii- up.uit, Seafide, and thofe to be fortified " after the latefl manner of fortification, 
• With walls and fite vpon conuenient hauens, or opportune places. . In euei y fo bailc 
of oarcb,&c. cj^y J yvillhauc conuenicnt Churches and Churchyards to bury the dead 
in, a cittadeOa (in fome,not all J to command it, prifbns for offenders, op- 
portune market places of all forts, for corn^, meat, cattle, f uell, fifh, &c. 
Commodious Courts of Iuftice,publike Hals for alSocietieSjBurfcSjmee. 
' jfl' ^^"^ places, Armories, p in w''' (hall be kept engines for quenching of fire, 
rfc'nM Jinnai. Artillery Gardens,publikewalkes,Thc3ters& fpacious fields allotted for 
liM all GymnickSjfporrs, and honefl recreations, Hofpitalls ofall kindesfor 
children, orphans, old folkes, fickmen,madmen, fouldicrsjpefthoufcs, &c. 
not built jfrecarto or by gowty benefactors, who, when by fraud and ra- 
pine they haue extorted all their liues, opprcffed whole Prouinces, focie- 
ties,&c. giue fomething to pious vfes, build a fatisfadory Almef-houfe, 
Schoole, or bridge, &c. at their kft end, or before perhaps, which is no 
t yide Brilhni- o^bcrwife then to fteale a Goofe, and ff icke downe a feather, rob a thou- 
um dertgno fand,to rclccue ten : Or thofe Flofpitalls fo built and maintained,not by 
fc-'di K^** ColIedionSjbeneuolenccs, donaries, for a fet number (as in ours ; iufl lo 
lib.Lcapflj^ many and no more, at fuch a rate, but for all thofe who fland in need^ be 
^HKSHi. they more or leffe, and that ex publico xrario, 2nd fo ftill maintained,;?^;;! 
'drbutfor'^ ^^^^P^^'^ ^^^^fi'^^'drc, I will haue Conduits off weet and good wa- 
mattcrsor tcr, aptly difpofed in each townc, common q Granaries, as at Vrefden in 
Phyfickc. Mifaia, Stetein in Pcmerlanci, NoremhergCy ^c, Collcdges of Mathc ma- 
fep&Tii' ticians,Muficians,andAaors,asofoIdatZ4^^</»win7tf»/4, ^ Alcumifts, 
amiqmt'.ud: Phyficians, Artifls & Pteilofophers • that all arts & fciences may fooner be 
cap.6. Herod, perfe^ed & better learned^ & publikc Hiftoriographcrs, as amongfl ihofc 
''lio'iod.yivti ancient ^Perfians^ qui in comment arios referehant qua, memoratu digna ge^ 
thiniccsbeft rebantur, informed & appointed by the State to regiftcr all famous A6ts, 
umMm and by cach infufficicnt fcribblcr, partiall or parafiticall pendant,as in 

» ?iltoi. de our times. I will prouide publike fchoolesof all kinds, finging, dancing, 
teg, JEdiiescrea^ fencingj&c.efpecially of Grammar, and Languages, not to bee taught by 
fiZ^!:Z[p,r- thofe tedious precepts ordinarily vfed, but by t vfe, example, conucrfati- 
tM,piateas, fit on,as traucllcrs learne abroad, and nurfcs teach their children. As I will 
'tSf * ^^"^ ^"^^ places, fo will I ordaine « publick goucrnours,fit officers to 
vZ7j!kacum each place, treafurers, ;rdilcs, queflors, ouerfeers of pupils, widowes 
vmanu declv. goods,andall publike houfcs,&c.and thofe oncea yearetomakeflridac- 
^riif ^7 coropts.of all receipts, cxpcnces, to auoid codMod, drjicfiet ut mnabfu^ 
Gourdum& f^ant ( as Pliny to Traian) quodfudeat dicere. They fhall be fubordinatc 
tiks, to thofe higher officers and goucrnours of cach City, which fliall not bcc 


D EyA^ocKiTYS tothe^4ier. 6i 

poorc Tradcrmen,and mcanc Artificers, but Noblemen and Gentlemen, 
which (hall be tied to refidence in thole towncs they dwell next, at fuch 
fee times and leafons : for I fee no reafon (which ^ Hip^clitus complains x ihctoh 
o\) that itjhould be more dijhonor able for Noblemen. to gouerne the Citie, vrb.cap.i^,'j^ 
then the country ^ or vnfeemlj to dwell there now, then of old, y I will haue '"^ 
no bogges, fennes,marinies, vaft woods, deferts, heaths, commons, but '!lrignlbmu! 
allincloledj (yet not cfepopulated, and therefore take heed you miftake fit urba bene 
me not ) for that which is common, and euery mans, is no mans; the '"jZ'!'^umlL 
richcft Countries are ftill enclofcd, as lEffex^ Kent, with vs, &c. Spdine, Mt cape rufli- 
Italy -^md where inclofures are leaft in quantity,they are bed ^ husbanded, ^^p'^^efe qmm 
as about Florence in Italy, Damafcm in Syria.drc. which arc liker gardens, poli^^dT' 
then fields. I will not haue a barren acre in all royTerritorics,not fo much NeapoH * 
as the tops of mouncaines, where Nature failcs it (hall be fupplied by art : 'j^^Jf/'^** 
•lakes and riucrs ftiall not bee left dcfohte. All common high waycs, TuUuZrJinquU 
bridges, corriuations of waters, Aquedu^s, Channclls, publike workes, tur,ut verm fit 
building, &c. out of a ^ common ftocke, curioufly maintained and kept in ^ma^riX' 
repairejno depopulations, Ingrolfings, alterations of wood, arable,buc by reghmbus peri- 
the confent of fome fupcruifors, that (hall be appointed for that pur- J'^^^*^'"^*'. . 
pofe,and (ee what reformation ought to be bad in all places,what is amifs, ^MauZ^He"^ 

how to helpC it, mtngMsAugw 

Etqmd^u^^feratregio.&quid^u^rjcur^^^^ fc^t:?". 
What ground is apteft tor wood, what for c cornc, what for cattle, g ir- % m. aravm 
dens, orchards, fifh ponds, &c. what for Lords, what for Tenants : and hisSurvay of 
bccaufe they ftiall be better incouraged to iroproue 1 uch lands they hold, .HaTSl 'htj 
manure, plant trees, dreane,fcnce,&c. they fliall haue long leafcs,a known country wa$ . 
rent, and knowne fine, to free them from thofe intolerable exactions of 
.tyrannizing landlords. Thefe fuperuifors (hall likewifc appoint, what d?ankcwTt«, 
quantity of lat^d in each Manor is fit for the lords «^ Demefnes, what for didcatcimic 
holding of Tenants, how it ought to be husbanded, Tf^4iM^\ 
Vt c magnet es equis^ Minyd gens cognita rem is, ^ their appareil 

how to bee manured, tilled, redified, and what proportion is fit for all wascourfc.they 
callings, bccaufe priuate poffeflbrs are many times idio:s,ill hu$bands,op- gc^jfe'eHilSl', 
prefTors, couetous, and know not how to improue their owne, or elfe jingwascor- 
wholly refpc<5fc their owne, and not publike good. bu?fin?^ndo 
Vtopian parity is a kind ofgouernm^t, to be wifhed for,rather then eflfe- fureXyii'us" 
Acdy^Refpieb. chriflianopolttana, and that new Atlantis, witty fictions, dcccncly,[and 
but meere Chimeras, and community in many things is impious, {iTnTrrZi? ; 
abfurd and ridiculous, it takes away all fplendorand magnificence; 1 will 

when theit 

haue feucrall orders,degrces of nobility, & thofe heredit3rv,not reletting fields wcr« 
yonger brothers in the meane time, for they fhall bee fufficicnrly proui- ^^n^;;"*"'" 
ded for by penfi6s,or fo qualified,brought vp in fome honcf>calling,they courfc Comfi 
fhall bee able to liue of thcmfelues. I will haue fuch a proportion of ^'^f^fjjj'^'!^^^^ 
ground belonging to euery Barony, s he that buyes the land, fhall buy the J?mon i!*^ 

as C$tfrvoeUy 

and their foile much mended, rufftr cap. ?2. of his husbandry, ii of hisopinion, one acre indofcdps worth three com- 
mon. Iht country inclofed 1 pnifejbe ather delightetb not me^Fer nothing of wtdtb it dotbraife,&c. * ^"f^^'^j^ navigio- 

vtmnnt} ^ 

Vcrulam. • So isii in the Kingdomc QiT^apUs, and FuJKt. 



£z D E M o c Ri TVS td the^ader. 

Baroay j he that by riot confumcs his patrimony, and ancient dcmcancs, 
{hali forfait his honors. As fomc dignities (hall be hereditary, fo fome 
againc by cle(^ion, orby gift fbefides free offices, penfions, annuities; 
h See ctnisTo- BtlhoprickeSjPrebends^xhc Bajfa*s palaces in Turkey^ the ^Prdcura. 

TnLsgep ror/houfes and offices in r^wV^, which hkc that golden Apple, fhall bee 
Emmik giuen to the worthicft and beft deferuing both inwarrc and pcace,as a re- 
ward of their worth and good fcruicc, as fo many goales for all to aymc 
at (hpfios alit artes) and encouragements to others. For I hate thefe fc- 
uere, vnnaturalljharfbj Germane^ French ^ and Ft/ietiam D:crC€S, which 
exclude Piebcians from honors^ be they neuer fo wife, rich, verruous^va- 
liant,and well qualified 5 they mufl not be Patritians^hm keep their ovvnc 
rancke, this is nature kllum tfjferre^odious to God and men, labhorr it. 
My forme ofgouerninenc fhall be Monarchical!, 
* chuMtn, L 7. ' nufjquam Uyertas gratior exur, 

^ttdm fuh Rege fio, ^c, 
fcwlawcs, but thofe fcaercly k(fpt,plainly put downe, and in the mother* 
tongue, thatcuery npn may vndcrfiand. Euery Citic flull haiiea pecuHar 
Emo^n!%' priui!cdgc,by which it fhall be chiefly maintained ; » and Parents 

cum%jpiiii fhall teach their Children, one of three at Icfl;,bringvp?nd indru^i them 
ijic%d*n,miiln in the myfteries of their ownc trade. In each lovvnc thef e fcuerall Tradef- 
t'TiS!!mp\^ men fhall be fo aptly difpofed, as rhey flidl free the reft from dargcr or 
offence: Fire- trades,' as Smiths, Forge-men, Brewers, Bikers, Metall- 
toqM, & rtiiqni men, &c. ftiall dwell apart by themfelues : Dyars, Tannt rs, Fell mon- 
wmIu^cu' gcrs, and fuch as vfc water, in conuenient places by ihemfelues; noy- 
fucctdmt,& fome, or f ulfomc for bad fmells, as Butchers Sbughte^houfcs,C^2nle^s, 
*Tn'ltu/Tpa. Curricr$,in remote places^and fome backe Lanes. Fraternities and Com- 
panies, I approuc of, as Merchants Burfcs, Colledges of Dfuggers,Phy. 
ftvttAt. Urn fifiansjMufitianSj&c. But all trades to be rated in the faleof vvjies,as our 
T^Hk4l'ldt Clerkes of the Market doe Bakers and Brewers 5 Corne it fclfe, what fcar- 
ofems'deEma. city foeuer fhall come, not to cxcced fuch a price. Offuch wares as arc 
nueitrtitLu^- tranfported or brought in^J^ if they be neceffary, commodious, and fuch 
S.^""*" * ^^^^^y <^oncernc mans life, as corne, wood, cole, &c. and fuch proui- 
VHlppoiaCti- fionwecannoc want, I will haue little or no cuflomc paid, no taxes- but 
''^r 7o"*' ^"^^ pleafure, ddight, or ornament, as Winf',Spice, 

Piatl1dem7'de Tobacco,Silke,yeIuet,Cloth.of.gold,Lacc,leweIs,&c.a greater impofl! 
Ugibusy qut *i 1 will haue certainefhipsfent our for new difcouerics eiicry yeare land 
tZZtme Tome difcreet men appointed to trauell into all neighbour Kingdomes by 
land, which fhall obferuc what artificiall Inuentions, and good Lawes are 
mUHmdtpendi in Other Countries, cuflomes, alterations, or ought clfe, concerning war 
rS;f i pwce, which may tend to the common good. Ecclefiaflicall Difdpline 
if^itex,4o-t». P^f^ Bpifcopos, fubordmate as the other. No impropriations, no lay 
nnnattsvuit, pattons of Church-liuings, or one priuatc man, but common Societies 
^/XetSJ: Corporations,&c.3nd thofc Redors of Benefices robe chofen out of th^ 
fyttapHdexte- Vmuerfities, examined and approued as the literati in China, No Parifli 
r»sMipr'*^}n tocontaincaboueathoufand Auditors. If it were poffible Iwouldhanp 
r fuchPriefls fhould imitate C>&./i?, charitable Lawyers (Lo^Id Tuc th^r 

neighbours as themfelues, temperate and modefl Phyficians Politicianr 
contcmne the world, Pbilofophers fhould know thcmfclwcs, Noblemen 


D EM o c R I T V s tothe ^aier. 6j 

liuc honcftly, Tradefmen leaue lying and cofcning, Magiftrates corrup- 
tion &c. but this is vnpofifible, I mult get luch as I may. I will therefore 
haue 0* of Lawyers, ludgcSjAduocates, Phyficians, Chirurgions,&c. a ^ simUnisiit 
fct number, « and cuery man^if it be poffible, to plead his owne caufc, to Helvetia. 
tell that talc to the ludge, which he doth to his Advocate, as at Fez in ""cMfiZTeuiu^ 
Africke,BantAm.,Alefp^Ragufe,fuamqmf^caufamdicere tenetur, Thofe duHty qidcait^ 
Advocates, Chirurgions and^ Phylitians, which arc allowed, to be -^/^^'^^^^^ 
maintained out of the P common treafure,no fees tobegiuen or taken, ""^'lIputcnT. 
vpon painc of loofing their places, or if they doe, very famll fees, and iniquijjimum 
when q the caufe is fally ended. -^He that fues any man, fliall put in a 'jf^^'^'rit-'' 
pledge, which if it bcproucd he hath wrongfully fued his Aduerfary, lii,J,q^''aut 
raftily or malicioufly,he fliall forfeit and loofe. Or elfc before any fuite numcreftom 
' beginncjthe PlaintifFefhall hauc his complaint approucd by a fet D^lcga- ^^HXltqZ'^alt, 
cic ro that purpofe ; if it be of moment he fhallbe fufFered as before, to autobfcumrel 
proceed, if other wife they fhall determine it. All caufes (hall be pleaded l^^'^^^f^Jl^l 
y&^^r^/^i> the parties names concealed, if fomc circumftancesdoe Tgl i^oimut 
nototherwife require. ludgesand other officers fhall be aptly difpofcd f^^rn qiofg^cau- 
in each Prouince, vilIages,Cities, as common arbitrators to hcare caufes, (^^^'^f 
and end allconttouerfies,and thofe not fingle, but three at Icaft o i the 
bench at once, to determine orgiuc fentence, and thofe againe to fit by rKs/ueratpa- 
turnes or lots, and not to continue ftill in the fame office. No controuer- ^trhll^T^um, 
fie to depend aboue a yeare,but vvithoutall delayes, and further appcales, &verita4facl 
to be fpecdily difpatchcd, jind finally concluded in thar timeallotced. i^^f^'cietur, 
Thefe and all other inferiour Magiftrates to be chofen f as the Literati in f ^' 
Chirj4^otby thofe cxa^ fuflPragr-s otih^^^ Venetians, 2nd fuch againc not be puhikovrnm 
eligible, or capable of mugifti acies^ honours, offices^exccpt they be fuffi ^"l^'^^^f'^j^^ 
ciently" qualified for learning, manners, and that by the ftridapproba- '^^puil' ^ 
tion of deputed examinacors firft Schollers to take place, then Souldi- ^^huicge 
crs; for I am of Virgil his opinion, a Scholler deferues better then a Soul- \t!Tde*^Ml 
dicr, becaufe Vnim atatis funt qudfortiter fiunt, qux vero pro vtilitate Rei- mfiilut. 
fub.fcriburitury dterna : a Souldicrs woikelafts for an age, a Schollers for <i /K'^Jiiaciien- 
cuer. If thcyTmisbchaiic themfclues, they fhall be dc-pofcd, and ac- 
cordinglypunifhed,and whether their Offices be annuall^ or other wife, usfmitaeitUr- 
onceavccre they fhall be called inqueflion, and eiue an sccompt; for '^^^^^j^s*"-^'* 
men arepariiill andp3nionate,mercdcfle, couetous, corrupt, fubica to free cities in 
loue, bate, {c^xc^huov ^comnefrh/egno grauiore regnum ,*\ikc Soions Gefmany. ^ 
Areopagites, or thofe Roman Ccnfors, fomc fhall viiit others, and a be Ix^dilh'siZ 
vifited/;9»/V^wth"mfclaes, ^they fliall oucrfee that no proling Officer, Ub.i.cap.yde 
vnder colour of authority, fhall infultouer his inferiours, as fo many wild ]^j^^^"f^^-: 
beafls, oppreffe, domineer, fiea, grind, or trample on, be partiall or cor- fiaih^^^cT*'' 
rupt,but that there be aquAhile ius iuflice equilly done,liue as friends and c contaienusde 
brcthrcntogcthcr- and which '^^/^i^/A^if would haue, and fo much defifes 7o/S/iiVi 

de rebus zeftis 

£mitue!is. J^i in Uteris maxim§sprigreffusfecerinl max'mis homlbui affic'mmur^ (ecundus hmrU padus mil tibks a^ffia^ 
tHrypofiremi vrdinismtcbankis^ doRtrum homimm Ind'tcm iaalttorem locum quifq^pr/efertur^ et qui a plttilmk apirobatur^am' 
films in repttb. dignitdtes coafequitur. ^i in hoc examine primas habet, infigni per totam vitam dignitate '^nf^itur, marcbim 
fimilisyoutdudapudnos.' x ^(f<&« <Jr»»« ftf^<e. y As m Berna, Lucerne j Friburge m Swu-^frbn^, ^yic'ioushuct \» 
VDcapablc of any office, if a Senator, inftaBtly<lcpofcd.5i^&rw. z Not abouc three yearcs. Arifl. pol'u. ^ cof. %, 
a 7{am quis cH^odiet ipfts cuflodes. b Cjtreus in Grcifgeia. j^i n»n el fublirm deipicim infcriores^ nec ut be^iat concuU 
cent fibi fubditos akthoritaiis nomini tonfiji, ^e, « SefeSiits de refab. Gakerttm, lib. i, &i, 



D EM o c Ri TVS to the%eader. 

in his Kingdomc of France^a dUfAfon Andfmet harmony ef Kings ^Princes ^ 
Nobles and plebeians ^fo mutually tide and involued inloue, afcvellas lams 
and authority, Oi that they neuer difagreejnfult or encroach one vpon another. 
If any roan dcftruc well in his Office, be ftiall be rewarded. 
^ Si^«if eiregu ■ quts enim virtutcm amfle6iitur iffdrn^ 

umaut belli aut ^rointiaji tollos — \ 

^feU^'iTl* ^^^^ invents any thing for publike good in any Art or Science, writes 
• Mrege'ndm 3 Trcatifc, <lor pcrformes any noble exploit, at home or abroad, « /hall 
rmpub.fiiihte- bcaccordinglyinriched, ^" honoured, and preferred, I fay with Hannibal 
7ui!^Tiem inSnnitn^Hofiem quiferiet eritmihi Carthaginenfis, let him be of what 
remgratidma- condition hc will, in ail offices. Actions, he that deferucs bcft fliall haue 

p^rataum out 

Iwillfuffcrno s Beggers, Rooues, Vagabonds, or idle perfons, that 
ratd cuiufq^fci. cannot giuc an accompr of their hues how they ^ maiaraine ihemfclucsilf 
l"ldett.RUcm theybe imp0tent, lame, blind, and fingle, they (hallbe fufficicntly main- 
lib.i.cap J. tainedin feuerall Hofpirals, built for that purpofe. if married and infirme, 
loc'mf^fufrit ^ ^^^^K Of inevitable lofle,or fomc fuch like misfortune caft behind, 
fub^gartquiil by difttibution of > corne> houfercnt free, annual! penfions, or mony, 
tcrmaioresvir- they (hall bc relieucd, and highly rewafded for their good feruicc thf^y 
inlTSff- haue formerly donej if able, they fhall bee inforced to worke. ^ For I fee 
fudmmaiesut' noreajon fas ^ hc faid)why an Epicure or idle drone^a rich gluttonyAnvfttrer^ 
lumexuUemm fiould Hue at tafe, and doe nothing, Hue in honour ^ inallmaner offleafurts^ 
TmmSlmi andofpreffeothtrs, when as in themeane time, apoor^ laborer, a fmith^a 
glsefeiexpeuH. carpenter, a» husbandman that hath fpenf hfs time in continuall labour, as 
i'^fi^em^eUt' '^^^^^ burdens, to doe the Cowmonmalth good, and without 

7im!nlnilur whom m Cannot liue,jhall bee left in his old age tobcgge or fame, andleada 
robups robgif mifersble life,worfe then a iument. As « all cond itions ftiall be tied to their 
"^"^ fhallbcouer-tired, but hauctheir fet times of recreations 
dimafHdsinas and Holydayes,/;?^/*/^^^!? (7f«/V,feafts and merry meetings, euen tothe 
neminifanoqua- meaneft artificer,or bafeft feruant,oncea weekc to (ing or dance, fihoLigh 
Zfu'mndtt notaIlatoncc)ordowhaifoeuerhe fhallpleafej like ^ that Saccarufeflum 
repemittiiitr, amongfl thc Pcrftans^ thofc Saturnals in Rome, as well as his maftcr. <> If 
TJ!ilbw7e!^ any bee drunke,he fhall drinkc no more wine or (irong drinkc in a twclue- 
^ntlZTcim- month after. A banckrupt fhall be p Catademiatus in Amphitheatro, pub- 
/« mfatmus lickly fhamed, and he that cannot pay his debts, if by riot or negligence 
ZmfrntiL ^^"^ impouerifhed, (hall bc for a tweluemonth imprifoned, if in 
mgaudent,qui that fpacc his Crcditorsbcnot fatlsfied^qhc fhall bc hanged. He-^ that 
adiabwesfuttt commits facrilcdgc fhall loofe his hands, he that bearcs falfc witnefTe, or 
tnCn^h' is ofperiuryconvia, fhall haue his tongue cut out, except hc rcdcerac 


hemmingius dc regnt Cbiii^.l.ucap.^.G»lardm ^rthn Oriental IndJefcr, h Alex-ab AlexA. j.m t. i Sic ol'm Romt^lfaOcus 
•Pentaimdehiiopt'me. Amflol. lib. %cap9. k idem ^rijiot polit.%. cap.i.y^ttiafum quum folipauperuml'tbeu educanttef 
ad Uboresy nebitium & divitum in voluptatibns & delittis. 1 J^<e bac in'iufiitia yUt nthilii quifpi^my aut fienerator qui nihil 
agMt,lautam&^'endidamvitam agat^otio & delitiU, quiiminterim auriga,faber, agri(0la, quo rc!}ub.carere mnp9tk,vu. 
tomato miferam ducaty vtputrqMm iumentommfit em conditio. Jniquarefp.quti dat parafitk^ adulatoribus, inanium volup- 
tatum artificibus, generofii & otiojis tanta munera prodigit^ at cmrd agricoUsy Cnbonarmyoungiijainiy &e. mhilpoQ>'icitXcd 
ear urn abtifa labore flerentii atathfame pen fet & arumm. Morui vtop lih.z. m In Segovia nemo ttiofus, nmo mendieus 
nifi peretatem aut morbum opusfacere nan peteft : nuUi deeft unde viClum quarat^aut quo fe excrceat, Cyprian ui Echoviut Delit. 
Hiipani*. Nullas Geneva ttiofus, nefeptennii pucr, Paulus Hen-^er Itiner, n Atbeneus / 1 1. o Sim[er,a de repub. Helvei 
p spartian.0Um Remafic, q HcthatprouidcsnoiforhMfamiJy,ijwotfeilicnathicfe,Paul. t Alfiedi Ux vtrai 
vwtus &lingMpraeidatur,nif tm capite redtmerit» '* ' 


D EUo cviirYs tothe^ader. 65 

it with his head. Murder, ^adultery (hall be punifhed by death', ' but not ^'^^ujinupt^. 
theft jCxccpt it bee fomc more grieuous offence, or notorious offenders; Sr^/^S'* 
otherwifcrhey fhal be condemned tothcgalIies,mincs,behis flauewhom dimJinHiie^^ 
they off nded, during their liucs; I bate all hereditary flaues and that' ^"h^fmiu. 
duram Perjarum legem ^ as « BrtJJomtts cms if, or as, * Ammtanm^ tmfendio ^ifadiiex.En 
formidAtM ^ abominAndas leges ^fer quas *obnoxa uniu^yOmnts fropinqititas ipfi f^ejicri 
/^m, hard law that wife and children, friends and allies (hould fufterfor ^'J'^''""'' 

the fathers offence. t Pauperesnon 

No man fhall marry vntill he y be 25 ,no woman till flic be 20, ^ mjtalh /"^ 
ter diffenfMumfaerit. If one • dye.the other party (liill not marry till fixe ^XZtaint' 
monethsafcerjand bccaiifemany fimilies are compelled to liue niggard- iicnamapiuttt. 
ly, exhauft and vndonc by great dow rs, •»none fli alibe giuen at all, or. 
verylirtlc, and thatby fupcrvif)rs raced, they that arc foule fliall hauea TtlTEgo^lm 
greater portion,irfiire,none at .''Il,cr very little, c hovvfoeucr not toex- '^^/fwoj^wt 
ceed fuch a rate as thofc fupervifors (hall chinke fit. And when once they ^ZTdamL 
come tothofcyearcs, pouv rty fhall hinder no man from marriage, or ciperc,quitene. 
any other refpeel,^ but all (hall rather be fnforced, then hindrcd: « except ^'*^P'"*P"'ff^^ 
thcybc^ difmcmbredorgricuoufly deformed, infirme, or vifitcd with 5r^;fcor.TMl 
fomecnormousheredirary difeafc,inbodyor minde, in fuch cafcsvpori MI 
a grcat painc,or mul(J^,gm3n or woman fliall not marry, other order p^^trlm^'^^' 
ftijHbet'^kcnforthem to their contcnt.-if people duer abound, they fliall K^Jr^*. 
be eafcd by l» Colonies* y AiUerArifio^ 

«Nomin (hall wearc weapons irtanycity. Thef^nie attire fliallbe f,^^'!"!,? '''^ 
kept, and that proper to leuerall callings, by which they (ball hee diftin- zo.potu, 
guirhcJ.Jt Luxm funernm (haW bee taken aw3y,that interapeftiue cxpence * ^f^ ''^''!* '-h 
moderated, and many other* Brokers, takers of pawn. -s, biting vfarers, Znfi!Z^!vid!' . 
I will not admit; yet becaufc ^ hie cum hominibtss non cum diis agitur : we PiutarchSXtcch 
converfe here with m^n, not with gods, a-idforthc hardncffe of mens 
hearts I will tolleraic fome kinde of Vfury . If we were honcft I confefTe, ^ZmT&Ji^ 
fiprobieff^mus^ wee fliould hauenovfe of it,butbeing3sicis wee muft dehacqu^ftme. 
neceffarily admit it. Howfocjcr moft Dluines contradict it. ? ^ifredm, 

Vtctmui tnpctas,jeavoxeajolarepertAeft, oiimvirgmsfi- 
it mufl be winked at by Polricians. A'ld yet fbme great Dodorsapproue n^dotenmthnt 
of if, Calvin, Bucer, Zanchim, P, Martyr^ becaufe by fo many grand law- Tu^fa^L 
yers, decrees of Emperours, Princes S.atutcs, Cuftomes of Common, nenhapidem 
wcalrhs, Churches approbations it is permitted, &c.l will therefore 
allow it. But to no priuate perfons, not to euery man that will, to or- fmeZTcZ 
phancs onely, raaides, widowes, or fuch as by reafon of their age^fexe, i^oocoronatm 
education, ignorance of trading, know not otherwife how to imploy l^^^'^fjc^ 
ir,andthofcfoapproucd, not to let it out apart, but to bring their mony u^^i/uoAfer 
toa " common banke, which fliall be allowed in euery city, as in Genua, ^f^i^* ^fcnpt. 

eort'mnteutb reipub bomm. Vt Au^u^. Cafa.r orat.ad ulibes Romanos dim edocuit. e ,^lorbo lahorans, quufmUmfadii 

&c.Heaor Boetbuu bift.lib.i devetcrum SatommmmbM. f SptemijimikvencUibcrudAbmttperam.Tktt^JeUitbui. 
jg The Saxons exclude durab,blind ,Icprous, and fuch like perfons frona alJ iniacntanccas wc doc fooles. ' h jA oi'm 
Romni,Hifpmhodie,&e. i f{kcmltb i.cap.s* deSinarum expcdit. fc Htfpanhegunt MMmarmadepmre.SoiiistQ 
Bioft Itatha Citrej. fc Idem Plato i i.de UgibinMhiiii cuer been immoderate, vide GuilStucl(ium antiq. coituivj. li i. 
cap.i6. I fde legibus pkto. ro As thofc Lumbar es beyond Sca8(though with fome rcfoi mation,«o»f pietatis, or banck 
of charitie as Mines tcrmes it,wj) 33 mercat.part.t ) iliat lend money vpon eaiic pawncs, or take moBey vpon ad- 
ucnture Ibr mens liues. *^ 

i CeneuA 

66 Denocr^tvs to the^ader. 

Ceneud, Noremherge^ Venice ^ " at 5 .6. 7. not abouc 8 pcrcet^tum^ as i he fn- 
• Thar pro- pervi(brs,or ^r4rjf flial thinkefit. <> And as it (hall not be lawfull 

JJ!,"^")^^^ for each man to be an Vfurer that will, fo (hall it not be lawfuII for all ro 
chandifcjin- take vp inony at vfc, not to prodigals & fpcndthrifts, but to merchants, 
Nearer wd' X^^^S tradcfmcn, fuch as ftand in need, or know honeftly how to imploy 
better iJ^ro. if, whofc ncccffity, caufe and •condition, th^feid rupcrviforsfhall ap- 

ucd, as hcc prOUC of. 

iy"prwed"in I will hauc no pn'uate Monopolics, to enrich one man, and bcggcra 

hisTradof multitude, p multiplicity of offices;, of fupplying by deputies, weights 

t^a^^'hePar ^"^""^^^"^^s the fame througbotit, and thofc redificd by the Primum 

liaineni,fl»«r MobtUy and Suns motion, thrcefcore miles to a degree according to ob- 

1621. feruation, 1000 Geometricall paces to a mile, fiue ioor to a pace, twelue 
inches to a foot, &c. and from meafurcs knowue, itisanciifie mattcrro 

zinchLcm. ^^^^^^ weights, &c. to cafl vpall, and refolue bodies by Algebra, iStcre- 

W4 cap. ad omctty. I hatcall wattcs, if they be not 4^ pofuUfalutem^ vpon vrgert 

Epbep^quif' occafion, 

vfuramy & Odmu^acctf ttrem^qmAjemper'utvftmaymts, 

tharitati C^ri- 

^^am^mdimn warre5,excepttbc caufe be very iuff, I will not allow oE Fori 

txiganu &c. doe highly magnific that faying of Hannibal to Scipio ia Livy, it had 
»ec»mnei dent beene a bUffed thing for y OH and vs^ if Godhadgiuen that mindeto our fre^ 
iJtn^lur>if! ^^c^fo^'^y thatyou had beene content with Italy, we with Afr ick. For neither 
bma habenty& Sicily, nor Sardinia are worth fuch cofl and paines^ fo many fleet es ajidar* 
tH^attk&i many famous Captaines Hues. Omnia prius tentanda, faire meanes 

(hall firft be tried ^ Peragittranquilla poteflas, ^od violenta neqnit^ I will 
nonpfuntvti. hauc them proceede with all moderation, but hearc you, Fabi/u my Ge- 
fedm^^L "^^ Minutim : And in fuch wars toabftainc as much as is pofliblc 

& ysquthone- * depopulatioiis, burning of townes, raaffacring of Infants, &c.For 
pimptndtnt, defenfiue warrcs, I will haueforctjs ftill ready at a fmall warning, byland 

p Idemapud 

and Sea, a prepared Nauy, fouldiers inprecin£lu^ and money which is 
Terfas oUm.Uge nervus belli, M\ in a readineffe, and a fufficient reuennue, a third pait as in 
irifonium. old « Rome and Egypt, referucd for the Commoti^-wealth j to auoid ihofe 
q jdem Plato ^^^^V ^^xcs and impfiotions,as well to defray this charge of warrcs, as al- 
deiegibus, fo all Other publikc defalcations, expenccs, fees^ penfions, reparations, 
/ Lib 20 Op. ^^^^ donaries, rewards, and entertainments. All things in 

timumquidem this nature efpecially,I will haue maturely done, and with great * delibc- 
fueratcampa- ration : ne quidl temere.ne quidrmifseac timidefat./edquoferor hofbes? 
mtntem a dys 

To profecutc the refl would require a volume. Manum de Tabella. I haue 
datam efe, vt beene oucr tedious in this fubied, I could hauc here willingly ranged but 
^«f^^^>^« thefc ftraights wherein I am included,will not permit, ' 

From Common-wealths and Cities,! willdefcendto Familie$,which 
nuts. Neque haue as many corfiues and moleftations,as frequent difcontents as thcrefl 
JTsiS/s. Gfe^taffinitiethercisbetwixtaPoliiicallandOcconomicaHbody.thcy 


e StpMmUb.x.derepHb.Gal. Valde enmeflmdccornm.-ybf quedpr.t^r opinionem auidit dicere. Kon Pumm:mi 

ferttmCrespr^cavenpotHeTft. u Lmmbb.i. Dm.lib.i, 'DiodomSiculualib. i. x JrsfkirLu^ 

foteJUi, ^dviolenta ntquU, CUuilim. y ^eBum m umn4m«ce [rcme^^^^^ 


Democritvs tothe^aier. 


differ only in magnicudeand proportion of bufineflc (fo Scaliger ^writes) a^^.j ;*'^"?' 
as they hauc both hkely the fame period, z%^B$din and ^Peuccr hold, out b ub. 4. 
of PUt9^ fixe or feuen hundred yeares, fo many times they haue the fame de repnkcap.^ 2. 
meanes of their vexation and ouerthrowes 5 as namely, riot, a common ^j^iJ^^^;. ' 
ruincof both; riot in building, riot in profufe fpcnding, riotinappa- dcamdeni»0^* 
rell, &c.beic in what kindc focuer,it produceth the fame effects. A<i Cho. 
rographer of ours fpeaking obiter ancient Families, why they are fo 
frequent in the North, continue fo long, are fo foone extinguifhed in the 
South, and fo few ; giues no other reafon but this, luxtts emnU difif>avit, 
riot hath confumed all. Fine cloathes and curious buildings came into 
this Ifland, as hee notes in his Annals, not fo many yeercs fince, non fine 
dijpendio h/pitalttatis, to the decay oi hofpitalitie. Howbeit many times 
that word i* miftaken, and vnder the name of Bounty and Hofpitality, is 
fhi owdcd Riot and Prodigality ,and that which is commendable in kfclfc 
well vfed, hath bin miftaken heretofore, is become by his abufc^ the banc 
and vtterruine of many a noble family. Forfome men liue like the rich 
glutton^ confuming themfelues and their fubftancebycontinuallfeaft- 
ingand invitations, with « Axihn in Horner^ keepcs open houfeforall ^^^'^^ 'ib, 
commersjgiuing entertainment to fuch as vific them, f keeping arable ( yiie?uuam 
beyond their meanes, and a company of idle feruants ('though not fo I'^demmff^^ 
f requettt as of old j arc blowne vp on a fudden, and as ylci^ton was by his IZi! aoftmun 
houndSjdevbured by their kinfmcn, friends and multitude of followers, ^f^p^u^: 
f It is a wonder that Paultts Uvim relates of our northern countries, ^T^f^Mmm 
what an infinite dcalc of meat wee confumc on our tables :that I may opfonwummA 
truly fay 'tis not bounty, not hofpitality, as it is often abufed, but riot in i'T'^'TJ'^ 
cxceUe,and prodigality,a meerc vice,it brings m debt, want and beggcry, flemuntur men- 
hereditary difeafes, confumes their fortunes, and ouerthrowes the good f'^^'mnespent 
temperature of their bodies. To this I might here weBadde their inor- ^'^^frSSf'^ 
dinarcexpencein building, thofe phantafticall houf^s, turrets, walkes, dtfcript, Briton, 
parkes>&c. gaming,excefrcof plcafure, & that prodigious riot in apparell, 
by which meanes they are compelled to breake vp houfe, and creep into 
holes. Sefeliiud in his commonwealth of ^ France, g\uQS three rcafons j^^-^j^ 
whythc French Nobility were fo frequently bankrupts; F/V/ Becaufe they GaaomrnqMi 
had fo many Larvfisits and contentions ^one vpcn another, which were tedious ''^'^^ &caii' 
and cojlly : hy tphich meanes it came to pajfe.that commonly Lawyers bought ^*elmmrtxc^ 
them out of their poffefion. A fecond caufe was their Riot, they iiued beyond nk^mmmri' 
their meanes i and were therefore fw allowed vp hy merchants, La-Nouez f'*'"P^^^"c^' 
French writer, yeeldsfiucreafons of his Countrie-mens pouertyto the ftm^u^»q7i!. 
fame effect almoft, and thinkes vtrily if the Gentry of France were diui- rant.vndefit 
ded into ten parts, eight of them would be found much empayred, by %l''umn'ti^ 
fales, morgages and debts, or wholy funkc in their cf^arcs. The laftwas bulm'poft^o^ 
immoderate excejfe in ap^areH, which confumed their reuenttes. How this ^'^'^^l"'"''"^* 
conccrncs and agrees with oar prefentftatCjlookc you. But of this elfc. l^fevha^r^ 
where. As ic is in a mans body, if cither head, heart, flomack, h'ucr mcrcdtmbm 
fpleene,oranyonep3rtbemifaffe<5led,all the reft fuffer with it, fo is it SS''^ 
with this Oeconomicall body.If the head be naughr,a fpendthrift,a drun- 
kard,a whoremafter,a gamefter,how fhall the family liue at eafe f » Ipfafi ^'^'^pbJa.^* ' 
cufiatjalftsfervare, prorfus non fotef banc fmilim^2i,% Dcmea faidinthc 

i 2 Comedy, 

Democritvs to the^ader. 


m Cam cum 
Wiurc duo gtlli 
fimut irntdcy Et 
gittes binoe nun- 
quoth viiiunt 
fint lite. 
B ies angufa 

o When pride 

ncctc m a fa- 
mily, they 
roare and 
caufc as many 
flashes of dif- 
fire and water, 
when they 
onake thunder 
clapt in the 
p ?Uutui 

t Pettitwin 
bellu fapientia, 
vlgentH rts, 
FettH frtver- 
biuw,aut regem 
out fatmm ml- 

Comedy, fafety her felfc cannot fane it. A good, honcft, paincfuU man 
in3ny times hath a (brew to his wifeja fickly, difhont ft, floihfull, foolifli, 
carelcrte woman to his mate, a proud, pecuifh flur r, a liquoi i(h, prodigall 
qucane, and by that meancsall goes to ruinc : or it the y differ in nature, 
hee is thrifty, (he fpcnds all; hcwirc,fliec foriifli and loft, wfiar agree- 
ment can there be, what fricndftiipfLkc thatofthcThrulh & Swallow 
in^fipe, Inftead of mutual louc, kind compellations, whore and ihiefe 
is heard, they fling ftooles at one anotheis heads. ^ intemperies 
vexAthanc fAmilUm ? A!l enforced marriages commonly produce fuih 
efFeds, or if on their behaFes it be wel, as to liue and agree louingly to« 
gether, they may haucdifobedient vnruly children, ih.t take ill courfts 
to difquiet them, * their jon is a thUfe^ a Jpertdthrtft, daughter a whore^ a 
ftcp "» mother, or a daughter in lawdiftcmpcrs all, « or tlfe for want of 
meanes, many tortures arife, debts, docs,fees, dowries, io} nttrs, legacies 
to be paid, annuiries iflTuing out, by means of which,they bauc not whc re- 
wiihall to maintaine themfclues in that pcmpe as their PrcdccciTors hauc 
done, bring vp or beftow their children totheir callings, lothcir birih 
and quality," and will not dcfcend to their prefent fortunes. Oftentimes 
too, to aggrauate the rc(l,concurre many other inconveniences, vntbank- 
full friends, decayed friends, bad ' neighbours, negligent ffruants, 
P ferui frrAces, VcrJlpelleSfCaUdtjOCclufA Jt6i millc cUuib»s refer ant fnYtm^ 
raptAnt, confitmunt.^ ligulrunt^ cafualties, taxes, mu)(51s, \ fle ot ilcckc, 
enmities, emulations, frequent mutations, lofl^s, furetyfhip, fi:knelle, 
death of friepds^ and that which is the gulfe of all, i mpr ouidence, ill hus- 
bandry, dild'fder and confufion, by which meanes they arc drenched on 
a fudden in their eftarcs, and at vnawares precipitated infenfibly, into an 
inextricable labyrinth of debts, cares, woes, want, griefc, difcbntentj 
and melancholy, it felfc. 

1 hauc done with fimilies,and will now briefly runneoucr fomcfew 
forts and conditions of men. Themoftfecure, happy, louiall and merry 
in the worldscfteeme,arc Princes and great men,free from melancholy : 
but for their cares, mifcries, fufpicions, IealouGes,difcontents, folly ,snd 
madneflTe,! rdcrrc you to Xenophejts Tyr Annus ,vjhcxt king Hieron dif- 
courfcth at large with the Poet, ofthis fubied. Of all others 

they are mofl troubled with perpetuall feares, anxieties, infcmuch, that 
as he laid in q VAltrius^ if thoa kncweft with what cares and miferies this 
robe were ftufled,thou wouldcft not ftoope to take it vp. Or put cafe they 
be fecure and free from feares and difcontents, yet they are void ^ of rea- 
fon too oft, and precipitate in their anions, reade all our hiftories, ^uoi 
de ftttltis prcdidere ftitltfyllkdcs^JEnddcs^ Ann. 1 what is the fiibie^f 

Stultornm regum, ^ fepulorum €ontinet ajlus. 
How mad they are, how furious, and vpon fmall occafions, rafb and in- 
confiderate in their proceedings, how they dote, euery page almoft will 
witnefTe, . delirdgt regeSyple^iuntur Acbivi, 

Next in place, next in mifcries and difcon ems, in ;?11 manner of hair- 
brain a(5^ions are great v^tn^procula love, procul Afulmine, the neerer the 
wotfe.If they Hue in Court, they are vpand downe,ebbeand flow with 
their Panccs fauours, ingmum vultu Jlat^, (dditg^fuo^ now aloft, to 


Democ ritvs to the%eader. 6p 

morrow down,as r Polybiui dcfcribcs them, like fo many eafiing Counters, 
porv of golJ, t9 morrow of filttcr, that vary in worth a4 the Comptttant wiH, ' ^ib-t- l;<ifi. 
now they fiand for vnties,to morrow for thoufands'^now before allyand anon be- llcuUrumlX 
hinde. Befide they torment one another with mutuall fadions, emulaci- cuiis,{ccu.Mm 
ons: one is ambitioiis,anothcr enamored, a third indebr,a prod- g ill jOuer- J-^f^^^'^^^v 
runnes his fottunes,a fourth foUicitous with cares, gets nocbing,&c. But ^Jeifkntjodo 
for thefc mens difcontcnt5,anxieties,I refer you to Lucians Ti de mer^ ^freh ad vutunt 
cede conducts S iA,nea4 Sylvuts, {libidmis ^ jlultitia fervos,hc. calls them ) J^ff ^^^^l 
i^grippa, and many ethers. ». * * 

Of Phifoplicrs and SchoilcrSjT haiic already fpolcn in general! cermcs, ^^rmmfq, 
thofe fuperinrcndcntsof wit3ndlearning,Minions ofihcMufcs, Demif^.^cJ' 
■ »* mentemj^ habere qusis bonam raiihfft. 

Eteffe^corculis datum ejK IbT'^r^^''^' 

yThefe acate and fabtile Sophifters fo much honoredjiaue as much need « H^'tlgrl- 
of Hclkb 3r as others. ^^^^f^f- . 

— — X Medici mediampertundite venm. t't^!^mSi 

fafitntia prtt- 

Read Lucians Pifcatbr, and tell how he eftcemed them? Jgrippa's Tra(5l of ^pf'J'ly'^^ , 
the vanity of Science3,nay read their owncwoikcs, their ablurd Tenenrs, t inf^tmrepl. * 
prodigious pjradoxcs, & rtfam teneatU amicif^ow Qiall findc thatof Art- rant etna, latie- 
fiotletxuCynullum magnum in genifim fine mixtura dementia, they hauea bydh/bo«kc*^ 
worme as well as brhcri. And they that teach wifdomc, patience, meek- ih y. 
ncflr:*,3rc the v^ricft diz 'rds,hjirbraine$j & moft difcontent, « In the muU \ ^f^ff'^iis. 
titude of wifdome is grief e^and he that increafeth wijdome, increafethforrow. ^'^^^'""'f- 
I need not quote mmc Author, they that laugh & contemne others con. 
dcmne the world of folIy,dcferue to be mocked, arc as giddy-hcaded^and 
Iieasop6asanyo:hcr.^Of«;^?fr//A«f that comoD flowteroffolly,wasridi- \cmmu ^isk. 
culous himfclfejbarking Menippus, fcoffing Lucian, fatyricall Luciliu4,Pe' "W''^"^'*' 
troniu6 yVarr9,rer(ifis .^c.xmy be ccnfo»cd v)^ the reft. Loripede re£ius de* 
rideat,ty£thiope albus, BaleiEra/mus,HolpinianyFives,KemniJius, explode 
as a vaft Ocean of obs & 5<7/j,Schoolc diuinity,^ A labyrinth of intricablc ^ ^^.^ vvhUhcr 
qucftions,vnprofitablccontentionSj/»<rrf ^/^;7<r»» delirationem, one calls it. mk ? 
Jf Schooled iuinity be focenfured, y«^////tf<J .yf^;//*^ lima veritatis, Ocean ^ 
irrefragabiUs, cuitts ingenittm Vetera omnia ingenia fubvertit,(j;c. Bacon- ihlf'fl^i'*' 
thorpe D^ RefolutHS^ and corcuium Theologia, Thomas himfelfe, D^. « Sera- ^ vit.eius* 
phicus.cuidi^&uit Angelus.&c.vjhTit fliall become of humanity .<* K^rs ^ ^'"^j**^ 
fiultay what can (he plead ? What can her followers fjy for thcrafcldes. rt^^mcdmh- 
Much [carn'mg ^ cerC'diminuif-brum, hach crackt their skoncc, and taken MuoUmewpta 
fuch roof, that tribus i^ntyceris caput in fanabile, Hellebor it felfe can doc ^^'^-^ ""^,^r 
no good, nor rhat renowned g Lanthorne of Eptaetus, by which ifany cetur. 
man ftudicd, he fhould bee as wife as he was. But all will not ferue.Rhe- ^t'^f^- » 
toricians, in ojlentationem loquacitatu multa agitant , out of their fJ/^^mp^Sf^ 
yoliibilirie of toiguc , will taikc much to no purpofe. Orators can tueffefoittam 
pcrfwadc other men ivhat they will, quovolunt, undevolunty moue,pa- 
ciffc, &c. but cannot fettle their owne braincs,what fjtth Tu//y ? malo in- wui(h anl%tit 
difertam prudentiam, quam loquacem Jlultitiam'^ and as h Seneca feconds iaUat'me fu' 
him, a wife mans Oration fliould not bee polite or follicitous, » Fabim T^^^/^^f^^ 
eflcemesno becterof moft of thcra, cither in fpeech, adion, gcfture, tes!l&^^* 


70 D E M o c R 1 T V s to the ^ader. 

then as men befide thcm[c\ucs, hfanos declamatoresfiidoih Gregory, Non 
mibi fdpit qui fermone, fed qui fa^tsfapit. Make the beft of him, a 
«« li /7 V Orator,is a turnccoar, an euill man, hon$ii Orator pefsimus vtr, his 

Ju»i!ptmT tongue is fct to fafCjhc is a meere voice, as " he faid of a N ighringale, dat 
eihi fine mente fonum, an hyperbolicall lier, a fl:<rtcrcr, a paraHre, which 
J'J?^*^^*^'^" made » Secretes fo much abhorrc and explode them. P Fracajioritis a fa- 
» inifaugerio. ^^"s Poet, frcely grants all Poets to be mad, and fo dorh q Scaliger, and 
%sifmrfitLy who doth not : aut i/tfaitit homOydut verfus facit^ Hor% Sal. 7.1,2. Jnjame 
f^ri^umjT-' ^^^^^>^*'^^^fi^^f>»'ponere.rirg,i, EglAo Servimmta\itQi% ix, all Poets 
tttyamamlbi- atc mad, a Company ofbittcr Satyrifts, dcrra(aots, or elfe p^rsfiricallap- 
b^s,&PQttat plaudcrs; and what is Poetry it rcire,but as Jufiw holds, F/mm erroris d 
e^rijs DoSioribfufropinatum ? You may giue rhat cenfureof thcm,in ge- 
neral!, which Sir Thomas Moore oncQ did of Cermanus Brtxim Poems in 

■ vehuntur 
In rate fiultitik fylvam habitant Furix. 
^W^^jinanEpiftlcofhisto Lupfetfti, will haue ciuill Law to bee the 
Towre of wiredome,another honours Phyficke,thc Q^nccfTencc of Ha- 
turc, a third tumbles them both downc, and fers vp the flagpc of his owne 
peculiar fciencc, Yourfupcrcilious Criticks, Granimaticalhriflcrs, Note- 
raakersjcurious Antiquaries, findc out all the ruines of wit, ineptiarnm 
^mmvuf. ^J^''^'^. amongft the rubbifli of old writers, Profiulii, habent nifi 
B,u Al/qmdjupctant tnventre,quodin alioram jcriptis vertant njitio, all fooles 

with them that cannot finde fault, they corred others, and arc hote in a 
coldcaufe, puzzcll themfclues to findc out how many ftrects in Rome 

Senators did wearem Rome,vjhzt (hooes, how they fare, where they 
went to the clofeftoole, how many diflics in a mefic, what fawce . which 
^Lt'lf ^ for the prefentforanhiftorian to relate, t according to Lodovicm vines, 
^F-^r - IS very ridiculous, is to themmoft precious elaborate ftuffe, and they ad- 
mired for it. ^ofvfs authores abfurdis commentisfuispercACAnt&flcreo- 
rant, one faith, they beray and dawbe a company of bookes and good 
^Lib.i.in^Hfo' Authors, with their abfurd Comments, corref^orumjlerquilinia « Scali- 
mm,cap.t9' calls them, and fliew their wit in cenfuring others, 3 company of foo- 
liQiNotemakcrs,humbIecs,dorsor bettels,/»rfr/<rrf(?r4i// plurimUvcr- 
fantur^hcy rake ouer all thofe rubbifli and dungljiils,and prtferrc a manu- 
^''T^ many times before the Gofp: 1 it felfe, ^ thefmli criticu before any 
ti^Grumo trcafurc, and with their deleatur d, alij legunt fic, meus codex fic hahet, &c. 
tAri(iophmt make bookes dcare, themfclues ridiculcus,and dec nobody oood- *£pi^ 
K^. fhiUedes hafunt & merx nug^. But I dare fay no more of, for"* with or a- 
gainft them, becaufc I am liable to their lafb, as well as the reft Of'thefc 
and thcreftofour ArtiftsandPhilofophcrs, I will generally conclude 
kLlfr.(&N»f)?. thcyareakmdofmadmen,asb^(r;?ff4e(leemesofthcm,to make doubtJ 
cm. and fcruplesjhow to read them trucly, to mend old Authors but will not 

mend their owne hues or reach vs,/;.^m4/4;;4^^^ n.er^oriam officiorum 
iftgenre, atfidem tn rebus humanis retinere, to kcepe our wits in order, or 


D EMO c RiTvs tathe^ader. 71 

rc(Sifie our manners. Numqmd tibi demens videtuvj ft ifiis speram impetf- 
derit, is not he mad that drawes lines with Archimedes ^ whikft his houfe ^(i''rw& a- 
is ranLked, and his City befiegcd, when the whole world is in combu- '^^ifo'^uw.se. 
ftion, or we whilcft our foulcs are in danger ( mors feqttitar, vita f»gk ) ^eca, 
to fpend our time in foyes,idIe queftions^and things of no worth ? 'rttfhmjf- 
That c Louers are mad, I thinke no man will deny, Amare fmtU ^Ja- mafemtfi Tmer 
pere, ipfi lovi non datur, Ittpiter himfclfe cannot intend both at once, - 


<* Non btne conveniunt^nec tn ma, jede morantur iisM.t.ftim.ii 
lM die ft as d'^wor. 

TuBy when he was inuited to a fecond mariage, replycd he could nor, 
fimul AmAre fiperiy be wife,and loue both rogethcr. « Eflorcm ille, *vts ^_ Art^otk, 
eft immedisAbUis,eftrAheesinfAnA, Loueis madncfTe, a hell, an incurable '(^ofl^^^^i^ 
difcafe, impotentem ^ infanam Itbidinem-^ f Seneca ca\s ir^an impotent and cgrtderem. 
raging luft. I fli ill dilate this lubied apart, in the meanc time let Louers ^^fb.i.mm.n 
figh out the reft. CT'?'?'^ 

g Nevtjantis the Lawyer holds it for an axiome, mojl women arefoeles, pvffidm pojfunu 
^confiliumfemintsinvaUdant- Seneca men^bee they yongorold, who jj^?^^^" 
doubts it,youch is mad,old age little better, Theophraftusin the 107 ycarc b/catmg p^- 
of his age, ifaid he then began to be wife, tarn faperecapit, and therefore cruftforoc. 
hmented his departure. If wifedome come fj hte,where fhall wee findc a ""^^m^^za 
wife man ^ Our old ones dorcat threefcore and tenhe. I could cite more ^tnu d^^- 
proofes, and a better Author, but forthcprcfent, let one foole point at , 
another. ^ Nevifanus hath as hard an opinion of l rich men, maltl? and ^J*!Vu"^r, 
wifeaome cannot dmll together^ ftttlttttampAttuntur Opes , ^ and they doe amcmiA. jheo* 
commonly " infataare cor homimsy befot men, and as we ice it^fooles haue f"^' 
fortune. « Sapientia non inveniturin terra fuauiter vive^tium. For bcfidcs lut!i!fbm!pli. 
a naturall contempt of learning, which accompanies fuch kind of mcn,in- tumfack. ' 
nateidlcneflTe, (Tor they will take no paines) and which ? Ariftotle oh- ^^''^^^i 
fai}CSyUbtmensplurimd,ibi minima fortuna, vbi plurima /ortuna, ihi iib^z%7Zu 
mens perexigua^ great wealth, and little wit go commonly together : they ^"^P^- 
haue as much braines fomcof them, in their heads as in their heeles; be- Jlf"^''^"'^' 
fides this inbred neglcd of libcrall ScienceSjand all Arts^which ftiould ex- 'inflnaguia, 
colerementemjpo\i(h the minde, they haue moft part fbme gullifti humor ^"f'^" 
or other, by which thcyare led, one is an Epicure, an Athcift, a fecond tZnd'ffZ 
a Gamefter, a third a Whoremafter, (fit fubie«5ts all for a Satyrift to ^'[(erdiade- 
workcvpon.; ^mthdlruf^ 

q hie nuptarum in fan it amor i bus ^ hie puerorum, canhaghvffis 

' one is mad of hawking,hunting, cocking, another of caroufing, horfe ri- adexiremum 
ding/pcndiog : a fourth of building,fighting,&c. \tlm!m' 

hie iujfi condieri 

Infanit voteres ftatUMy D amaftppus emendo, ^ yiderm 

ipamafippushathzhiimorofbis ownc, to bee talkt of: ^ Heiiodorus the ZteyifSn 
Carthaginian another. In a word, as Scaliger concludes of them all,they uf%adhac Uea 
are Statu£ ereSid ftultitia^ the very ftatues or pillars of folly. Chufe out ^^^X^q^T^' 
ofall ftories him that hath bin mofl admired, you fliall ftill Rnd^multa ad t'lf irbcchi$ 
laudem^ mult a ad^ vituperationem magnifica, as « Berofits of S emir amis > worke, wbicH 
omnes monal&s militia^, trinmphis, diuitijs ^c. tum& luxn, cade, cater ify, f^^^ett!^'"^ 


7^ D kuoc KIT Ys to tke^^adtr. 

vitifs artteceffit, a^fhcchzdiomc good, fohad fhcc many bad parrs. 

AlexAnder x worthy man, but furious in his anger, oucr-raken in drinke,* 
C\af4t zm Sci^io valiant and wife, but vaine- glorious, ambitious : Vefpa- 
lk!ZljnlT Z^'* * worthy Prince, but couerous. « HanmBaU as he had mighty vcr- 
tkvu}(t^r :, . f had hec many vices, vnamvirtutem mille vitia comitantur, as 
^ tMachiAuel of Cofmus Medices,htt had two diftin^ pcrfons in him, I will 
determine ofall, they are like thefe double or turning pictures 5 ftand be- 
'.\jv ^ . fore which you fee a fairc mayde, on the one fide an ape, onthc otheran 
li^uk^'tu owle^lookevponthematthe firft fight all is well, but farther examine, 
Aut ai:gtmi you (hall findc them wife on the one fide, and fooles on the other . in 
f^Uei^^re» fonae few things prailc worthy,in the reft incomparably fa ultie. I will 
T^P^iifutcr. nothing otthcir difeafes, e.mulations,djfconrents,wants,and fuch mi- 
pcjif^e. ferieSf let pouerty plead the reft in Kytrtftophanes Plutm, 
Vcronk su Couerous men amongft others, arc moft madde, ^ they bawe all the 
nidZLmm Symptomesof Melancholly,fearc, fadnelTc, fufpition, &c. as fliall bee 
1 15 7.decu'm proucd in his proper place. 

fecunia urn m- 
credibiUa, dixc 

A fooie and 

D anda eft H elkbdri multo ^Ars maxim A AVAtu. 

C^t'll^vX Andyer me thinkcs prodigills are mueh madder then they, be of what 

-Ofjii.deimxi. condition they will, that bcarci publikeorpriuatepurfc j as a y D»/fi& 

aud^i^mxflt ^"^5^ ccnft>rcd Richard the rich dukeof Or»fn^4^,fuing to be Emperor, 

'AmkyrZ'^ ^' ^^"^ ^^^V^oMt iptndhg^ qui effndit pecani Am ante pedes f^^^ Elec* 

»>3^2v^ /i tornm ficutaqttAm, that fcaftered money like water, I doe cenrurerhem,'- 

Vi^aH^^t^ ^^'''^^^ //«^//4Yfaith he) qnx tot denArijs fponteeft friuitA, ftulti principe) 

fiiiUi q'dfepcri^ ^ Umam^i q»i nobile im fuum pro pecunU vendiderunt • Spend-thrirfs, 

cuiiscxpaunu bribers 3nd bri&e-takcrs arcfooles, and fo arc ^ all they that cannot keepc 

aer uiktur.&G I *7iig;hr fiy the !ij<c of angry, peuifli, envious, ambitions, * Anticyras 
^l^f/^'J'"" f^^^'^^ meracas : Epicures, Arheifts, Schifinatickes, Heretickft, hi 

uwm terra ^^"^^ hAbent imAginattonem UJam (imh »» NjmAnnus) and their madnejfe 
giei ,40 marl fb^i/J heeuident, 2 Tim. 3. 9. Fabatmzn Italian, holds Sea-faring men all 
Tmj^lr^^^'* m d, W, foritneuerftandsfiill : the mariners are mad to ex^ 

* capJe dkn. pf^ themfelues to fuch imminent d Angers*^ the waters are raging mad^ in per- 

petHAll motion ; the winds Are as mad as the reft-^ they know not whence they 
jD^pnofephfl. ^^^^^ whither they would goe . and thofe men are mAddefi cf aII that goe to 
« Tibkmt men- S eA, for onefsole At home^thc) finde foure abroad: hec was a mad man that 
te capti. Erafm, faid it, and thou peraduenturc as mid to read it, 

^Fdix PlAterus is of opinion all Alcumiftsaremad, out of their wits, 
na libiio.Hk c Athenaus faith as much of Fidlers, iir mufarum lufcinias, f Mufidans om^ 
7iZZlltfc ^^^'""^^^ infantum, vbifemel efflant, avolat illico mensem comes Mufick 

at one eare, out goes wit at. another. Proud and vainc-glorious perfons 
^art:,ep.7i /.j are certainely madde, and fo arc g hfciuious,! can feele their pulfes beate 
luZ7uf.r^ ^^"""^ "^^^^^ ^^"^^ ^^^'"^ f ^ <>thers lye with their wiucs.and 

mUefJo'-es. Winkeatlt. 

^riered infa- To infift ^ in all parriculars,werean fferculeanxzsVc, toireckon vpk />. 
Zid7.7g.PiL f^'^^W'^^^'^^'^^'^l^^^sUores,^^^^^ 

kp/w.aj6, de4Uours,cariagcs, groflTc ignorance, ridiculous a(aions,abfurdgefturcs, 


Demo critvs tothe'^ader. 


infanam galamJnfimamviUarumy infamiurgia^ as Tf/^jy ^carmcs them ; 
madnefTe of Villages, hypocrifie, inconftancic, blindnefTe, raflinefTcj^/^- ^TadtM^. 
»>f»r^w?^«imMr^/w, fraud, cofenage, malice, anger, irnpudence, ingra- /<«»d/. 
ticude, ambition, groflfe fuperftition, ^ tempera infe^d eft adulatione ^f^r^^tj^^iha- 
fordids,z% in Tiberius times,{ijch bafe flattery, ftupend, parafiticall fawn- mmf^toiim 
ingandcol!oging,&c. bra\yles,confliwis,defircs, contentions, it would (-oi'mbi pn/M. 
aske an expert Vefalius to anatomife eucry member. Shall I fay^ lupiter '^clia^^iT'o'di 
himCclfQ^ Apol/o, Mars, ^e. doted, and monfter-conqiiering Hercules &fatuifunl:i 
that fubducd the world,- and helped others,Could not rclieue himfclfe in »^tidkei-.wtu>y 
this, but madde hce wasatlaft. And whereflialia manwalke, converfe 


wirh whom, in what Prouince,City,and not meet with Scgnior Ifeliro, \:Vamunsttade 

or Herculss Furens, Mamdes^ and Corybantes? Their fpecchcs fay no klfc. '^eyntms.de^ 

a Bfmgis nati homines^ or elfe they fetched their pedigree from thofe that ^clipii^''^^ 

wt^re (Iroke by Sampfon with the Jawbone of an afle ; Or from Deucalion cAnanMptnpio 
a id Pyrrha*s (tones, for Dnrum genus fumu4}>mArmorei fumiis , we are fto- 

ny hearted, and fmour too much of the llocke,as if they had all heard that r}um,& ciiiuit 
incha ited horne ol Aftolpho that Englifh Dakc in ^r/tjy?^, which neuer 

founded but all iiii Aiidi.tors were mad, and for feare ready to make away lul^nfLfqZ'' 

thcmr:lucs5 <:orlandcdinthatraadhiueninthe£«;f/>f$eaof Daphhis aUatain cowi- 
/V-/4;74, which hadafecretq nlity todcmentate- they area company of ^•'"^''i^f 

giddy heads, afrernoone men, it is M dfomcr Moonc ftiil, and rhc D g- Ife^LG'j'd. 

day .s lift all the ycire long, the y are all madde. Whom (hall I exccpr, ^tiuk^m com- 

Flr/Cffs HuttemM ^i^emo, nam, Nemo omnibus horis fapit , Nemo nafcitur Tlgp^% fwe^ 

fine vit^SjCrimim Nemo caret, Nemofgrtefua I'ivit contenttts, Nemo in mttfic hifcupiH. 

amore fapit. Nemo bonus ^ Nemo fapiens, Nemo . eft esc omn: parte beatus^crc. ' 

and therforeiV/V^(?/^iV(r;«^;, or Mounficur .V^; Wjy (hill goc free, ^uid ^'acuS^. 

valeat Nemo^ Nemo referre poteft ? But whom (hall I except in the f^cond * Extorttu non 

plac^:* (iKh as ZTQ liknt, vir fapit qui paucalocjr4itfir, better way to T^^„l^^]*!![l^l^^ 

avoid folly and madncfle, then by taciturnity. Whom in a third ^ all pToilZ.m'nLl 
Senators, M aglftraces, and grea: men, non eft bonum In dere cum dijs jthcy -'^o^ v.:.c:u{y, 

arc wife by authority, good by their office and place, his licet impnrie pe'C- »f 

r rr f r a. r i ti ^ i • r ^ r J ab hojte vcnm- 

//woj^//^, lomeiay,wemurtnot fpeakcofthem, nether is it fir, per mc dam EtjimgO' 
ftfit omnia protinus alba, \ will not thinkc amifTe of them. Whom next ? f'^' fenc::.edrn~ ^ 
Sroi.ks ? Sapiens Stoicus, and hcc alone is fubicdl to no perturbations, as }"!Ztf(orm(>[ai 
i Plutarch fcoffes at him, he is not vexed tvith torments, or httrnt with fire, tamen,& dfoCt- 
foiled b^ his adverfar) y fold of hts enemy * though hee bee wrinkled, ftnd- *"fj^f^if^fg^'g^^^^ 
biinde, toothleffe, and deformed* yet he is moft beautifuU, and like a God, a etfiTen^rio^^'^^ 
King in conceit, though not worth a groat, Hee neuer dotes, neuer madde, ^on fn dig,m. 
jteuer fad, drunke, becanfevertue cannot be taken away, asz Zeno holds, bs \ 'f'"" 
reajon of affrong apprebenfton, but he was maddc to fay fo. ^ Ant icy ra ccelo afficK non mfa- 
huic eft opus aut dolabra^ hce had need to bee bored, and fo had all his fcl- w^^"- 
lowes, as wife as they will fccme to bee. Chryftppm himfelfe liberally '^Jonc'ipitur^ 
grants them to be fooles,as well as others, at ccrcainc times, vpon fome conffa^tes com- 
occiidons, Amitti virtfftem ait per ebrietatem, aut atribilarium morbttm^ ^al'ftmt-f^to 
it may be loft by drunkennefTe or melancholly, hec may bee foractimes icMkld'^X 
era fed as well as the reft, » ad fummum fapiens nifi quum pituita molefta. ^ Tar^tL-iHe- 
rihouldhercexceprthatomnifcious,onely wife fraternity of the Rofie^ ?7f^'^"'°^'''^* 
Crojfe, Thofc great Thcologs, politicians, Philofophers, Phyfitians, ^FrftresfoMU^ 

k Philo- Mf<e"jM. 


Democritvs to the^ader. 

fitttfVade nmeit 
iUud dfciverhtt. 
» THrri Babel. 
" Omnium drtl' 
rum i-rifiaurator, 
^ DiviniuiSe 
wr €uthor tidtA- 
rum in tpifi. 
Rog.Baien. edit. 
Hi fiburg^ 1 6o8 
P Sap'cntitede- 
1 S0lushic efl 
fipiinsaltf Veli- 

' Inep'fl.ad 
taltbaf J^ore- 

f ReiecIiuncuU 
ad Batavm. 

* Hagmm vi- 
rum fsqui 
fipete. Some 
thmkc, others 

* Plantus CMt" 

» In Sat, 14. 

* Or to fend 
for a cooke CO 
the Anncy[£ 
to make Hclle- 
bor potcage 

1^7 AtiquMtulum 
tamen indent: 
folabor, quodv^ 
& (apientibus 
I viris iffe iafipi- 
\ em fiw,quad 
fe Menippus Lu- 
aaniin ^ecya* 

Philologcrs, Artifts, &c. of whom Sr. Brigit, Alboi loachimus, Lacenker. 
gius, and fuch diuine fpirics h;me prophefied , and made promifeto the 
world,ifaclcaftrhercbeany fuch {Hen. ^ Neuhufius mMsz douhioixty 
«^VAlentim Andreas and ochers) oxznElias artifcx their TheephaJItan 
maftcr . whom though Lihauius and others deride and cai pc ar^yct lomc 
will hauc to be the « renuer cf all arts andfciences, reformer of chc world, 
and now iiuing, for fo Johannes MontanusStrigonienfis that great patron 
of P^r^f^//^ contends and certainly avcrrs 5 "^a moft diuineman, and the 
quintcfccnccof wifedome whcref^eucr he is;forhc,his fraternity, friends, 
&c.are all P letrothedto wffedome,ii wc imy bclccue their Difcipks and fol- 
lowets, I mu'1 needs except Lipfmsy and the Pope, and expunge rhcir 
nameoutof the Catalogue oftooles. for btfidcs that para/iacall tc* 
ftimony ofDoufa, 

A Sole exoriente M /tot /das vf^ paludes, 
Nemo eft qui lufio fe aqmperare qneaty 
Lipfitts faith of himfelj-e,thac he was q hum am generis qui dam padagegus 
voce dr ftyh^ a grand Segnior,a M.iftcr, a Tucor of vs ali,and tor j 3 yeert s 
he br3gges,how he fowed wiidomc in the Low Countries, ' cum humA" 
nitate luteras ^ Japientiam cum prudentia : hcc fhall be Sapientum OcIA' 
vus. The Pope is more thea a man, as ^ his parafires often make him, a 
d'wmi-god,and bcfides his Holinc flc camor errc in Cathedra beJike : and 
yet (ome of them hauc bin Magicians, Heretikes, Atheifts, children, and 
as Platina faith of John 22. Etfi vir literatuSy multafloltditatem ^ leuita^ 
tern pra fe ferentia egit^ ftolidii^ focordis vir ingenij,^ fchoUer fufficient,yet 
many things he did foolifhiy, lightly. I can lay no more then in particu- 
lar, but in generalltermestochereffjtheyareall mad, rhcir wits areeva. 
poratcd, and as Ariofio faignes Ith. 34. kept in iarres aboue the Moone. 

Some loofe their wits tpith loueyfome with ambition^ 

Some following t Lords j and men of high condition. 

Seme in f aire iemls rich and coftly fet. 

Others in Poetry their wits forget, 

Af'^therthinkts to be an Alcumtfl, 

Till all be j^ent and that his number V mijlm 

Conui(fi fooles they are, mad (nen vpon record^ and I am afrsiJ p:?f^cnre 
ma ly of them, * crepunt inguina^ the Sy raptoracs are m^nifcft, they are 
all oi Go tarn parilh : 

u c^mm furor baud dub: us quum fit manifeflaphremftSi 
what rcmaincs then « but to fend for Loranos officers to c:?ry t hem all to- 
gethcr for company to Bedlam fet Rablais to be their P/ yfirlan. 

Ifanyman fhillaskcin thcmeane time, who I am, that fo bok^lycen- 
fure orhcrs, tu nuUane habes vicia f hauc I no faults ^ y Yes more then 
thou hafl whofbcuer thou art. Nos humerus fumus, I confcfTc it againe, I 
am as foolifh,as mad as any one. 

* Infanus vcbis videor^ non deprecor ipfs, 

Sjio minus infanus^ 

I doc nor deny it. My comfort is, I hauc more fcllowes, and thofe of ex- 
celknt note. 


D E MO c R iTvs to the^ader. 


To conclude, this being granted that all the world is melan- 
choly or mad, dotes j and euery member of it , I haue ended my taskc, 
and fufficlently illuftrated that which I looke vpon me to demon- 
ftrateat firft. At this prefent I haue no more to fay, Hufdnam men- 
tern DemocritftSi I can but wifli my felfe, and them a good Phyfitian, and 
all of vs a better mindc. 

And alchough for the aboue named reafons, I had a iuft caufc to vnder- 
takc this fubied, to point at thcfe particular fpecies of dotage, that To 
men might acknowledge their imperfe^ions, and fcekc to reforme what 
is ami{re5 yet I haue a more ferious intent at this time, and to omit all 
impertinent digrcflions, to fay no more of fuch as are improperly melim- 
choly, or metaphorically mad, lightly mad, or in difpofition, as ftupid, 
angry, drunckcn, filly, fottifti, fullcn , proud, vaingloriuj, ridiculous, 
bcfaftly, pceuiQi, obftinate, impudent, extrauagant, dry, doting, dull, 
dcfperare, harebrainc &c. mad, phrantikc,fooli(h , heteroclites , which 
no new « fJofpiuS ca^n holde,no phyficke helpc : my purpofc and cndea- ^ Tbarlmcane 
uour is, in the following Difcourfe toanatomifc this humour ofMelan- ^^'/'^''wir 
choly, through all his paxts and fpecies, as it is an habit or an ordin'diy Uh.i.et.%6.Af«i. 
difeafe, and that philofophically,mcdicinically,to fliew thecaufes, fymp- 
tomes, and fcvcrall cures of ir, that it may be the better avoided. Moucd 
therevnto for the generality of it, and to doe good, it being a difeafe fo_ 
frequent, as b OHercurialis ohimtsjn thefeaur dayesJocJten hApfenwg^^ u^eaffemt 
isLXth^ LMrtntitUyinmr miferAhle times, as few there are that fecle not mflrUier^psrh 
the fmarc of it. Of the fame minde is e^//4» CMontaltHs^ ^ CMeUn£ihtny ^^^ffrn'^iiff 
and others, « I/tlius CafarCUudinm, callr it ihtfountaine of all other dif. c'cap.^sJt 
eafeSf and fo common in this crdfed age of ours, thatfiarce one of a thoufand M 
is free from it : and that Splencticke Hypocondriacallwindc efpecially, j^flfj^^f^^ 
which proceeds from the fpleen and fliortribbes. Being then as it is, a mrbm frequent 
difeafe fo grievous, fo common^. I know not wherein to doe a more '^-w'jf. 
gcnerall feruicc, and fpend my time better,then to prefcribe meanes how 
to prcuent and cure fovniuerfall a malady, dndEpidcmicall difeafe, that poribui frequen' 
fo often, fo much crucifies the body and minde. l!Ztrul 

Iflhaueouerfhotmy felfein this which hath beene hitherto faid, or eiusiabei» 
that it is, which I am fure fome willobiei^, too phantafticall,/flo light nis vepaeatur, 
andComicaRfor a Divine, tooSatyricaUfor one of myfrofefton, 1 will pre- tX!mlul 
fume to anlwerc with ^ Erafmus^ in like cafe,'tisnot I,butX)f»>tfw//»/, pt^Jifiat, 
Democritus dixit : you muft confidcr what it is to fpeake in ones owne ^ m^^ Y"^: 
or anothers perfon, an affumed habit and naraej a difference betwixt him twUuiui^T 
that affeds or ads a princes, a philofophers , a magiftraies, a foolcs qumdecn 
part, and him that is fo indeede- and what liberty ihofc old SatyriHs ^tS^S. 
haue had, it is a Cento collei^cd from others, not I, but they that fay ir. 


% Dixero ft quid forte iecofm, hoc mthiiurU^ E nm^iA^t- 

Cum venia dabtS' 

Take heed you miftakcmenot. Ifl doc a little forget my felfe, I hope 

you will pardon it. And to fay truth, why fliould any man be offended, 

or take exceptions at it S ^ ' 

k 2 Licuit^ 

Democritvs to the^ader. 

h Epift.idDor' 
pium de MorU 
fendatHr ^ ftbi 
hubtt quod ex- 
foflidet cum ($ 
quifcripfit, ipfe 
ft Volet, fee urn 
agat miuruuiif 
9tpoiefui fro- 
dncTf qui deck' 
tav'tt hoc ad fe 
treff ie pet mere 
\ SiquisfkU- 
fum clamtblty 
aut confcHntism 
frtditfum, ant 
terte metum, 
JCftp. Fab. 
k Hor. 

mVt liAttferi' 
aty ^{lergam 
hot iCltts Dtm- 
n RufiicorHm 
dea pTteffe f a • 
cfii putabatuTt 
cui pofl labores 
£gricola facrifi» 

antique facra. 
Vacunntos flat^ 

o TerfroLBK- 

Licuit^ femper^ licebitc 

PArccreperfonis, dicer e de vitijs. 

It lawfull was of old, and ftill will be. 

To fpcakc of vice, but let the name goe free : 

Ihatctheir vices,noithcir perfons- If any be difpleafed, or take ought 
vnto himfelfCj let him not expoflulafe orcauill with him that faid it cfo 
did Erafmus excufe himfclfc to Dcrpiu^^fiparva. licet componere mtgnis) 
& fo do let him be angry with htmjelfe that Jo betrayed and opened his 
otvne faults in applying it to himjelfe: » if he be guilty and dejerueit, let him 
amend who euer he island not be angry, Heethat hateth corte^iionis afoole^ 
Pr^v. I a. I. U he be not guilty, it concernes him nocj iris nor my tree- 
ncffe of fpccch, but aguihy confcience, a gauled backc of his owne that 
makes him winch; 

Sujpitione ft quis errabit fka , 

Bt rapiet adjey quod erit commune omnium, 

Stulte nudabit animi confcientidm, 

I deiiy not this which I haue faid fauours a little pf Demoeritu^, k ^am* 
vis ridemem dicereverum quid vet atf one may fpeakc in icfl,& yt c (pcakc 
truth. It is fomewhat tarr, I grant it, acrtora erexim excitant embammata, 
as he (aid, iharpe fauces increafc appcrite, 

1 nec cibus ipfe iuuat morfu fraudatus aceti, 

Obiedi then and cavill what thou wilt,l wardc all with » Demoeritus 
buckler, his medicine fhallCilue it, ftrike where thou wilt and when; 
Demoeritus dixit ^ Democrit as willanfwere it. It was written by an idle 
fellow,at idle times, zhoutoux Satumali/^n oi Dionyfian feaft$,whenas 
he faid nullum libertati fericulum fervants in old Rome hid liberty to 
fay and doe what them lift. When our countrymen faciificed ro their 
Goddeffe n f^acuna, and (are ripling by their Vacunall fires,! writ this and 
publiflied this i^y", ir is neminis nihil. The time, place, perfons, and 
all circumftances apologize for mee,and why may I not then be idle with 
others? fpcakemyminde freely, if you deny me ihis liberty, vpon thcfc 
prefumpt ions I will take it : I fay againe, I will take it. 

" S i quis ejl qui didium in fe inckmentius 

If any man take cxcep; ions, let bim turne the buckle of his girdle, I care 
not. I owe thee nothing, (Reader; I looke for no fauour at thine hands 
I am independent, I fcare not. * 
No, I recant, I will nor, I care, I feare, I confeffe my fault, acknow- 
ledges great ofFcncc, I haue ouerfbot my felfe, Ihaue fpoken foolifhiy 
rafhly, vtiaduifedly, abfurdly, I haue anaromizcd mine owne folly. And' 
now mce thmkcs vpon a fuddcn I am awaked ts ft were out of adrcame, 


' D E MO c RiTvs tothe^ader. 


I hauc had a rauing fit, a phantafticall fir, ranged vp and downe,in and 
our,I hiue infulted oucr moft kind of mcn,abufcd fome, offended others, 
wronged my fclfe,and now being recoucrcd,& perceiuin^ mine crrour, 
cry with° Orlando^ Solvite me, pardon that which ispafj:, andl will o Amjioi.^g. 
make you amends in that which is to comc^ I promife.you a more fober ^''^f 
difcourfc in my following Tteatife. ]tudmgaudium 
If through wcaknefTe, folly, paflion, p difcontcnt, ignorance, I hauc ficfiudiatxti- 
faidaraifTe, let it be forgotten and forgiuen. I acknowledge that ofqr4. ^l^'^Zim 
dtitstobezrvie, Jlper/efacetU uhinimis ex verotraxere-, dcremfuimeme- Maximo [Mep, 
riam rel'tnqttunt, a bitter jeft leaues a fting behind it ; and as an honorable 
man obfcrues, ' They fear e a Satyrifts mty he their memories, I may iuftly ^ s^lpraiuis 
fufpedthe worftj and though I hope I hauc wronged no man, yet in ^tconm bis 
UedeA's words I will craue pardon Effaycs.now 
,it J ' » Vilcouncs. 

• — • — lUud I am V9ce extrema peto, Aibsna. 
Ne ft qua nojler dttbius effudit dolor, 
liianeant in animo verha^fed melior tibi 
Memoria noftrijubedt, hdc iradatd 

Obliterentur^, • 

And in my laft words this I doe delirc. 
That what in psflion I haue (aid, or ire. 
Maybe forgotten, and a better minde 
Be had of vs, hcreafrer as you finde. 
learneftly requcfteuery priu^itcraan, as Scaligcrdid Cardan, not to take 
offence. I will conclude in his words. Si me cognitum haberes, nonfolum 
donares nobis htufacetias noflr as ^ fed etiam indignum duceres, tarn htma. 
num animam, leneingeniftm, velminimam f 'ujpitionem depreeari oportere^ 
Ifthou kncweftmy*modeftyand fimplicity, thou wouldeft cafi/y par- * ^ffd'PrtXim 
don and forgiue what is hercamiffc, or by thee mifconceiucd. If here- 

thing to keepc an euen tone, a perpctuall tenor,and not fometimcs to lafli f ^uataut in* 
our ; difficile eft Satyr am non fcribere^ there be fo many obieds to divert, ^^^^^'^'^i^ 
inward perturbations to moleft, and the very beft may fometimes crre, cauitnawa. 
aliqttando bonus dormitat H9mer$is, it is impoffible not in fo much to oucr- 
fhoot : 

opere in longo fas eft obrepere fomnum . 
But what needs all this ? I hope there will no fuch caufc of ofFence be gi- 
uen 5 if there be, ^ Nemo aliqnid recognofcat^ nos mentimur omnia, t Tni ^uer. 
He deny all (my laft refuge) recant all, renounce all I hauc faid,if any man 
except, and with as much facilitieexcnfe, as he can accufc ; but I prefumc 
of thy good fauour and gratious acceptance (gentle Reader/ out of an af* 
fured hope and confidence thereof, I will beginnc* 

LeBori maleferiato, 

TtVvcrocavcfisedico quilquises, netemere Rigilles Au- 
thorem hujufte operis^aut cavillator irridcas. Imone vel a simcmmo- 
ex aliorum cenfiira, tacite obloquaris (visdicam verbo^ u^gendZ^ 
nequid nafutuIusinepteimprobeSjaut falso fingas. Nam li talis ""nippscfpifi. 
revera fit^qualem prx (e fert Junior Democrkus, feniori Democrito ^^J^*f^^*»'"'* 
(altem affinis^aut ejus Genium vel tantillum fapiac j a6lum dete D-mocmum 
cenforem xc^wt ac delatorem ^ aget econtra {petulanti Jpene cum mmml!fm] 
fit) fufflabic cc in jocos, comminuet in files, addo ^tiam, ^ tieo ^'tlvfTZ per 
te ficrificabit. icvemdifipe^t- 
Iterum moneo, ne quid eavillere^ne dum Democritum Inniorem 

Jed rerum om- 

conviciis infimes, aut ignominiose vituperes, dc te non male ZTdlp"h!ZT 
lenrientem^tu idem audias ab amico cordato^quod olim vulgus ^dmi^^lffum 
^deritmum ab ^ Hippocrate^ conciuem bene meritum Sc popu- ^^dtmanoivc. 
lare fuum Democritum^ proinfino habens. tuDemocrite fitpis^ famaccuraui 
ftulti Stem infani ^bderit^e, ^ ^bderitan£ pectora plebis habes. Jpp^^fJI'elvf 
Hxc tc paucis admonitum volo (male feriate Le<5tor^ abi. fJ^aZ'' 


.• ill -i 


THE FIRST partition' 

CImpulfiuej finne, concupifccnccj&c* 
fcs. Sulffij .^In^Tumcntilli intemperance, all fecond caufeSj&c* 
"of the Bo-CEpidcmicall; as PIagnejPlica,S:c. 

In Difcafcs 
Se^. I. 


dy 300, c Or 
wliich arc /Particular; as Gout,Dropfie,&c. 

Member, < 
Divifion, I 


'In'difpofition; as all perturbations^ euillaflfe^- 

Qfthehead^ Or rDotage, 

Ior mindc. Phrenfie. 
Snl/fs. j Madncflc. 

i Lycanthropia. 
Habits, as Chorus fandi Viti. 
Snhf.^^ Hydrophobia, 

PoiTcllioaor obfeflionof Di« 

[Melancholy. Sec T 
*■ Its iEquiuocations, in Difpofttion, improper,&c.5/K^/tf^.j:. 

'^Humours, 4. Blood,jFlcame,8«.' 

To its ex- 
plication, a 
of Anato- cj 
parts of 

Body f Contained as< 

hath j ' : r ^Spirits; vitall,naturall,animalL 
parts I Or 

Snb[,i\ rSimilar; fpermaticall, or flcfli, boncs;, 

I ) nerucs,&c. 

Or {^Containing ^DiflimuIar;braine,heart,nuer,&C4 

rVegetall. ^w^ftf^. 5. 
V Stibfj, ^^5ouIe and bis faculties, asc Senfiblle. SttbfeU. 
Melancho- i;^Rationall,5»^7^^.p./G./^. 
ly, in which LMemb, 

confider ( Its Definition, name, difFerence,5<i/^yr i . 

The part and parties, affcfted, affeaion,&c.S«^y;iJ ; ' 
The matter of melancholy, naturail , vnnaturall,&c. Snhf.^^ 

r Of the head alone. Hypo- P with their fiJUc- 
/-Proper to)condriacall , or windy /rail caufes, fymp- 
Spccies, ©Imparts, as Smclancholy-Of the whole jtomes , progno- 
kindes wbich*^ Or LBody Clicks, cures, 

are ^Indefinite; as L oue melancholy , the fubic6t of the third par* 


Its Caufes in generall.StfS.z. A. 
Its Symptomes or Sgnes. Se^,j, B. 
Its PrognoftHrks or Indications. 4. 
[i Its Cures, the fubicft of the fccond Partition. 



Caufcs of 
ly are^e?- 


Sytiopfis of the fir ft VArt^Uon. 

. As from God imrtiqdiady, or by fecond C3uks,SHl>feSlA, 
' "SuperOOr from the diiidl |innQcdiatly,with a digrefTion of the Nature 
naturalS offpiricsandDiuels, J«^y^-2. 

(lOr nicdiatly by magitians, ^itchps^^SfthfeSi. s» 
"Primary as ftarres,proucd by Aphorifmes. Signcs from Phyfi. 
cgnomy, Mctopofcopy, Chiromancy, Stthf.^, 
Or f Congenite KO\d age, Temperament, Subf 5. 

inward from^ParcntSjic being an hereditary difcafe;5«^y;5 
'^Neceffary, fee « 
Ediicarion Snbf.i, 
Terrors,afFrjghts, Suhf^., 
« ^ Lofle of liberty, feruitude, im- 
prifonnienc. StihfeCt,f, 
Poverty and v)znt.Sfihf.6 , 
An heape of other accidents, 
j death of friends, lofTe^Stc 

Continetf in which the body workes on the 





1 *^ 


or aduen-, 
^1^ which are 









mind, & this malady is caufed by 
precedent difeafes, as ague?, pox, 
dent,nea-c; &c. or temperature innatc.S*^/^/. 
reft. I Or by particular parts diftempered, 
Memb.^A as braine,hearr,rp{eene, liuer, Mc- 
^S^.^i llentery Pylorus,ftomacke,&c.S.^. 
Particular to the three Species. See x t 

f Inward 

fOfhead \ 
ly aieSnb.s. 



lar cau- 

Of hypo- 
or windy 

f Innate humour, or from dif^empcrature aduf^. 
A hot braine, corrupt blood in ci^e braise* 
< ExceffeofVcnery, ordefe<ft. 

(Agues or fome precedent difeale. 
Fumes arifing from the ttomacke,&c. 

^Hcat of the Sunne immoderate. 
A blow on the head. 

Ouermuch vfc of hot wlncs,fpices,garUckc, onyons, 
hot bathes, ouermuch waking,&c. 

I' IdlenefTejfolitatineffe, or ouermuch ftudy, vehement 
I PafTions, perturbations,&c. 

Default of fpleene, belly ,bowels, ftonoack, myfcnte- 

ry, mcferiackc vciDes,liuer,&c. 
Moneths, or hemrods ftopt, or any other ordinary 

Thofc fix non-naturall things abufcd. 

irlnward 5I'i"crdiftempercd, flopped, oucrhot, apt to ingendcr 
Querallthe^ I melancholy, Temperature innate, 

body are < Or CBaddiet, fuppreffion of Hcmrod8,&c. and fuch e- 
Jfibf,^, J ^ vacuations,paflions,carc9,&c. thofc fix non-natu- 

LOutward^ rail things abufcd. 


rnict of- 
in Sub.s 


ry caufes 
as thole 
fixnon- ^ 

Memb, i 



tomcs of 
arc ci- 


Synopfis of th firfi Parthton, 

! 'Bread, courfe and blacke,&c. 
Drinkc; thickc,chinne,rowrCj&c. 
Water vnclcanc,milke, oyleavincgerj wine, fpicesj&Co 
CPartsj heads, tect,entralls,rat,bacon,bIoodj&;c. 
y k Fi£fli<^j(,j55^ccfe,Porkc, Vciiifon, Hares, Goates, Pigeons, 
PeacocksyFenfoulCj&c. • . 
Hearbs,COf fifh; all fhell fifh, hu6 and flimy fiCh^&c. 
Fifla, <^Of hcarbs;puire,cabage,mellpns,garlick, onyons,&c. 
. &c. All roots, raw ftuits, hard and windy meats. 
Qi^ality 5 Preparing, drelTing, fharpc fauceSjfalt iiicatcs,in durate, 
as in ^ rowccd,fricd,broyld,allmade<i)flies,&:c. 

CDiforderin eating, immoderat eating, or at vnfcafona- 
Quantity <^ bletimes,&c.5«^/".^, 

^Cuftome delight,appctite altercd,&c.5/<^/ 3. 
Retention & E- 5^oftiucnes,hot bathcs,rweating,i{Tues i1:oppcd,Vcnusinex- 
vacuation.^a^.^"^ ce{rc,orin dcfe»S^, Phlebotomy, purgiug,&c. 
Ayrc; hot, cold, teffipcftuou8,dark, thicke, foggv, moori{li.,&c.5»^/.' 5. 
Exercife5VnfcaronabIe,excc{riue,ordctC(5tiueofbody or minde, folitarincffc- 
Subf.6, I idlcnefre,a life out of aaion,8£C. 

Sleepc and,waking, vnleafonable, inordinate, ouermuch, oucrlittic &c. Suhf.y* 
I Sorrow caufe and fymptome. %uh.a^. Feare caufe and 
Mem. 3. Sett. z. Tlraf- I fymptome. 5.Shame,Tepulfe, difgrace,&c. Snb.e* 
Paflions & per- cible 1 Envy and malice i«^.7,ErauUtion,haiped,fa6^ioa,de- 
turbatios of the j fircofreuenge,5«^,^. Anger a caofc. Sw^.^. Difcon- 
roinde. SHbf.2. l^tcnts,cares,miferies,&c. 5*^./o. 

With adigrefli 1 ^ rVehcmentdefires.ambition. //. CoBrtoufncffe, 
on ot the force J fiKA^yv^iet. Sttb,j 2, Loue of pleafurcs gaming in ex- 
of Imagination | ceffcj&c. Sub»i S'Dcfite of praife,pride,vainglory,&c. 

con- «^ Jw^. /4.L0UC of learning, ftudyiocxceife, with adi- 
cupif ! grefficn of the mifery of SchoUcrj, apd why the Mufcs 
^cible[ are Melancholy. 5/^.//. .<: (;: • 

Body,as ill digertf6,crudity,wind,dry bralns.hard belly, thick bIood,much 
wakiingjbeauiiies & palpitation of heart, leaping in many plaees,&c. StU>.i, 
''conioDC Feare and forrow without a^iult caufe, fufpition iealoufie, 
ta all / difcontent folitarinefic,irkfomne{rc,continuall cogitations, 
or mofi^ reftleffe thoughts, vaine imaginations &c, Sub. 2. 

< "Celeftiall influcnees,as of (3^.&c.parts of the body,hearc 
r S anguine are merry ftill,langhing, pleafant, meditating on 
playcs, women, inufickc,&c. 
Phlegmaticke,flothfQll, dull, heauy,&;c. 
. Cholerickc, furious, impatient, fubicit to hearc and fee 
I ftrangc apparitions &c. 

{^Black,Jolitflry,fad,they think they arebewitched,dead5cc« 
Or mixt of thefe 4 humors aduft or not adu(}, infinitely raricd. 
Their feuerall [ Ambitious thinkes himfelfeaking, aIord,co- 
cuftomSjCon- 1 uerous runnes on his nroney; hfcimous on his 
ditions, incli-<i miftris,Religious hathreuelations, vifions, is a 
nacios, difci-| Prophet or troubled in minde: AfchoUcr on 
pline,&c* \.hi8 booke,&c. 

rpleafantatfirft, hardly difcerned, afterwards 
haifli, and intollerable,ifinucterate. 
Hence fomcC 1 Falfa cogttatw, 
make three 22.CogitatalocjH't, 
degrees ^3 Exeqni locjHHta, 
rcmitted,8ec } By fits or c6tinuat,as the obiedl varies,pleafing 

Stib.2.8c divili- 
on of paffions 
^into Sftb.^, 



cular . 
to pri 





of time , as 
the humor is 
intended or 

Simple, or as it is mixt with other difcafcs, Apoplexies, gout, C^nifjw apfetttns^ 
^[ &c.fo the fyinptoms arc various. f t Sec ^yWirwii.Par^ 

"Head me« 
Sub, I. 

to the three j Hypoeo- 

diftinil fpc- 

driacal or 
Sub, 2^ 

Oucr all' 
the body 

Symptomes of the fir jl Partition, 

rHeadach, binding, heauincff^, vertigo, lightnelTe.fiDg- 
■ , J insoftheeares,muchwaking»fixedeyes,hjghcolor, 
111 Body < gy^5^ belly ^ ^jry body,no great figne of mc- 
lancholy in the other parts. 


Continuall feare/orrqw fufpitionjdifcontent/uperflu- 
In mindc ) ous cares,rolicitude,anxiecyjperpetuall cogitatio of 
fuchtoyes they are pofleflcd |vith , thoughts like 
drea^csScc. > j 

Wirtde, rumbling in the guts, b^Iyake, heateinthe 
bowels, convulfions, <:rudities,{liprt winde,fowreand 
''in Bodyi^fliarpc belchings, col^ fweac, paiqe in the left fide,, fuf- 
focation, palpitation, heauinclTe of the hcart,fingingin 
the cares, much fpittler and raoift &c. 

rFearefuUyfadjfufpitionSjdircontent, anxiety &c. Laf- 
In mindc<?ciuious by reafon of much vvind^troublefome dreamcs, 

^afFe£tedby fits&c. 
\ ^ , 3BIackc,moftpartleane , broad vcincs, groffc, thickc 
■in BO y-^ blood, their bemrods commonly fioppcd,&;c. 

I jj,inde-5^^^'^^^"^'*^^*^'^°^^"'^^'*^'*^^ aucrfe from company, 
^fearefuUdrcames &C. 
Symptomes of Nunncs maides and widdowes melancholy, in body and 
minde &c, 

r Why they are fofearcfuU, fad, fufpitious without a caufe, 
A reafon why folitary, why melancholy men are witty, why tlicy fuppofc 
of thefc they hcarc and fee ftrange voices,vifions, apparitions, 
fymp- , Why they prophecic , and fpeake ftrange language? , whence 
tomes,' I comes their crudity, rumbling, convulfions, cold fwear, hcaui- 
Mmk 3 ncflc of heart, palpitation, cardiaca, fearefull dreames, much wa^ 

liking, prodigious phantaftes. 

Tending to good as 

'Morphcw, Scabbes,Itch, Breaking out,&c. 
fBIacke landifc, 

klf the Hemrods voluntatily open. 
If varices apeare. 

' C. 

jOicksof mc/ 

1j-Leancne{fe,drineffc, hollow-cyed,&C. 
^Inucterate melancholy is incurable. 
Tending to cuill as^lf cold, it degenerats often into Epilepfie , Apoplexie, 
j J Dotage, or into Blindneffe, 

?Llf hot, into madncfle,Pefpairc and violent death. 

7 The gticuoufnefle of this aboue all other difeafcs. 

j The difcalcs of the minde are more grieuous then thofc 


Corollaries and i Whether it be lawful! in this cafe of melancholy^ for a 
queftions 1 man to offer violence to himIcirc,iV<f^, 

; How a melancholy or mad man offering violence to 






rS E C T I O 
inn F I R S T<M B M B E R. 


^S^^anf ExceUency-PaU^MiferiesJnJirmuieSj 
The caufes of them. 

A N^the moft excellent, and noble creature of th e j^^^^ 
World 5 thefrincipalLandm/ghty rvorke of God^ aMagtiim mt-^ 
wonder ofNuture , as Zoroaftes caXls him ; thc^ racuhm. ^ 
a mttrvAil ofmArvtith^2iS Plato'^the ^ Abridgment J^^^mMdeli- 
and Epitome of the War Id jas Vltny CMicrocofmus^ tue. 
a little world, a model! of the World, ^ ^^^"^^'^^t^^^ltb. 
raigne Lord of the Earth , (ble Commander and luMriaferuiuni, 
Gouernourofall the Creaiures" in it: to vvhofe ^^^^^^ e^it-cit. 

Empire they are fubjed in particular , and yeeld l^gfj^l^'pf^^jf^ 

obedicnce^tarre lurpai'ling all the reft,not in body only^but in foule; Imagi- d f^t in mn^p- 
m Imago created to Gods owne ^ Image ^ to that immortall and incorpo- 
rcall fubftance,vvith all the faculties and powers belonging vnto it* was at firft ^i^c d«. 
pure,divine5perfc(5l,happy,g Created after God in true holinejfe and right e- e Gen.i. 
oufneJfe-jDeo congruens^^i^t from all manner of infirmities, and put in Para- l^'^^ofpor^^i* 
difCjto know God,to praife and glorifie himjto doe his will, u mma, 

V't dijs confimiles partur/at deos 5 Eiempimi 
(as an old Poet faith) to propagate the Church. But this mofi noble Crea-^*'/pLil^'"*' 
ture, Heu triflis, & lachrymofa commutatio ( ^ one exclaimes ) O pictifull g Ephcf. 4.x4. 
change ! is fallen from that he was,and forfeited his eflate, become miferahi- \lf^^l^^"^\ 
lis homuncio^'A cafl-away,a catiffe , one of the nioft miferable creatures of the Mans fall and 
World, if he be confidcred in his owne nature , an vnregcnerate man , and fo ^f^^J-^.^^. 
much obfcured by his fall(that fome few reliques excepted jhe is infer iour to ratEqum^im- 
a beifl. * O^fan in honour that vnderftandeth notjs like vnto heajls that pe~ pudcntia car?, 
r/fhyfo pavid efteemes him: a monfter by a fliipend Mctamorphof^s, k a fox, 'J^;^^*^';^^ - 
a doggc,an hogge,what not ? Quantum mutatm ah iUo ? Ir^ow much altered chi^^xi^m 

Part, f .Sea- 1. Vlfeafes ingeneralL Memb.i .SubCi^' 

2 from that he was , before blefTed and happy, now miferabic and accurfed; 
,Gcn.3. i;. ^ He muft eAt his meat mforrow , ftibiea to death and all manner of infirmi- 
wEccius.40.1 tieSjallkindeof calamities. areat travellis created for all me^^a^d an heavy 
Yoke on the fomes of Adam from the day that they goe out of their mothers 
vpombe^^nto that day they returne to the mother of all things. Namely their 
thought s^andfeare of their hiarts and their imagination of things they wait 
for^ndthe day of death from him thatfttteth in thegloriom Throne , to him 
that fitteth beneath in the earth arid afhesfrom him that is cloathed in blew 
A dcfcriprion flke^andweareth aCrowne^to himthat K cloathed in Jimple linnen. Wrath^ 
of Melancho- envy, trouble ^and vnquietnejfe^and feare of deaths and rigor , andfirife ^ md 
^' fuch things come to both Man and Beafi , but feaven fold to the vngodly. All 

impulfiue this befalls him in this life , and perad venture eternall mifery in the life to 

caufe of mans come, 

fiiScs"'^ The impulfiue caufe of tbefc miferies in man,this privation or deflrudion 
n Gen. 3. 17. of Gods image,the caufe of death and difeafes , of all temporall and eternall . 
Z^^'^n Irfl- P.""i^in^^"ts,vvas the finne of our firft parent i^dam , " in eating of the for- 
bia decujfu, & bidden fruit , by the Divells inftigation and alluremenr. His difobedience, 
vnaVcrnmem pridejambitionjintemperancejincredulityjCuriofity/rom whence proceeded 
^m£ibmata of mankiudc, as from a foun- 

Hefiad. i.oper. taine flowed all bad inclinatio:is,and a6luall tranfgreOfions , which caufe our 
^o^ZJoch ^^'^^'^^^^^'^^'^^^^^Sji^J^^aedvponvsforour fmncs. And this belike is that 
pPfaUo7J7. which our fabulous Poets hauefhadowedvntovs in the tale of ^ Pandoras 
r Prov.i.z7. box^which being opened dirough her curiofitie , filled the world full of all 
c^hIjS '^^""^'^ of difeafes. It is not curiofity alone, but thofe other crying finnes of 
(ocutiam , quid ours^which puU thefe feverall plagues and miferies vpon our heads. For Fbi 
(^^'^'^'f^lf^ f^: peccatum^ibiprocella, as ^chryfolfome wellobferues, IFooles by reafon of 
ciimLtj ^^^^^ tranfgref^ions^andbecaufe of their iniquities are afjlidled, ^ Feare com- 
qi4od fxvienti- mcth like fudden defolationyand deftruclion like a vphirlevoind^ affliBton and 
^letHdbftm^^' ^^?«^/^>becaufe they did not feare God, ^ ^reyou fhaken rvith war res , as 
tMr^quodhma- Cyprian well vrgeth to Demetrius^ are you mole fled with dearth and famine^ 
mm gemi his is your health crdjhedwith ragingdifeafes} Is mankinde generally tormented 
fiTur'eb'pecca' ^^^^ Epidemicall maladies ; 'tis aHfor your [wnes^Haggai the j,^,io,L^mos^ 
tmemma.cyp, the ijer. y.God is angryjpunifhethjand threatriethjbecaufeof their obftina- 
tSi ravo cy and {Kibbornefle. they will not turnevnto him. ^ Jfthe earth be barren 
tetidat, ft terra then for want of ratne^if dry anajqualltdyit yeeldno fruity ij your fount atnes 
fittt puiverU l;e dryed vp^your wine^corne^and oyle hlajled,if the ayre be corrupt ed^and mert 
ST&piit troubled with dfeafes.'tis by reafon ofyour ftnnes. Which like the blood of 
dasherbas/fle- Abel cry lowd toheaven for vengeance,Z.4?ȣ';?/./(?y. ^4^.5. 15. thatvpee haue 
^ducf^ftZ fi'^'^^^i^^^^^M^ hearts are heavy ^ifay '^9,11,12 We roare like'Beares^and 
vinem debili- bourne like Doues^ and want healthy O'c.for our finnes and trejpajfes. But 
tet&cxtpr, this we cannot endure to heare,or to take notice of./^'^,2.3o. We are f mitten 
^■^TUh^atm ^^'^^^^^^^f^dreceaueno cotreBion ^dr cap, 5. 3. Thouhafiflrikenthem^bui 
lib.s. vit. Apel' they haue not firrowed^they haue refufed to receaue corre^ion , they haue not 
ei!i!'t^ceiera ^^^^^^^^-^^P^^^^^ ^^^^^^fi^^M^ they haue not turned to him, t^mos 4. 
7Mnui>tm!&' " f^^^^^ ^^ould not abide lohn BaptiJlyXKOx ^ Domitian endure i^poUo^ius to 
c<etera qu<e prx- tell the caufes of the plague at Ephefu^^is iufticCjinceft^adulteryjand the like. 
TemZZm P""^^ therefore this blindneffe and obftinacy of ours , as a concomi' 
cMfM dixit, tant caufc^and principall agent,is Gods iuft iudgement,in bringing tliefe ca- 

Part.i.Se6t.i. Difeafesingenerall. Mcmb i.SiibCi, 

lamities vpori vs ,to chaftife vs , I fay , for oiiu finnes , and . to fatisfie Gods 3 
wrath., For the law requires obedience or pinlilliment, as you may read at 
lave^ejPeuf. 28.15 .if they vptU not obey the Lord^and keep his Commandements 
and Or finance Sythen all thefe cur fes jhall come vpon them. ) Curfed i». the y x6. 
torvne and in the field^^lrc, Curfed tn the fruit of the hody^c^c, a The Lord ^ ' ^ • 
fhallfendthee trouble and fhamCtlpecaufe of thy wicke^ncffe. Anda Htcic after, 
i> The Lordfljall /mite the rvith the botch of<i/Bgyptj and v^ith Emrods , and b verH; 7. 
Scab^^and Itch jxndthoucanfi not he healed, ^ With ?nadnejfe ^bli/idnejfe ^ and c^S- 
afiom^ing of heart. This /^Wfeconds, Kom^i,^. T ribnlation and angu/fh on ^J"^ 
the (oule of every man that doth evill. Or elfe thefe chaliifementsare infli<5led 
vpon V s tor our hiimiliation,to excrcife and try our patience here in this life 
to bring vs home,to make vs knowe God and our feIues,to informe, & teach 
vs vvifdome. ^ Th.^refore is my people gone into captivity ^ becaufe they had na d Ifa.y .15. 
knowledge ^therefore u the vorath of the Lord kindle d a^ainft this people , and ' ^' 
hehathjtretchedout hii handvponthem. Hee is deflrous of our falvation, 
« No fir A (aiutis avidm^ faith Lemnim , and for that caiifc pulls vs by the eare e tJo^r^e faiutis 
many times.to put vs in niinde of our duties : That they which erred^ f^ig}j(a.v'tdus,covu- 
hauevnderflandtng ^as ifay fpcaks i.) andfobe reformed. lam affltUeU^ S/cLTcf^^?. 
^ at the point of death ^^o D4X//Wc6fcflech of hjmfeIfe,//'.88. 1 5 .v.^.wme cies muaie ^tbinde 
are forrowfulL through mine affitciion : And that made him turne vnto God . ^^"cet.Le- 
Great Alexander in the midft of all his profpcrity, by a company of Para fites c, 19 . de tccuUi 
deified,and now made a God^when he (aw one of his wounds bleed,remem- ^^f-'mhr. 
bred that he was but a man , and remitted of his pride. In mar bo recoUigit fe 


' animt^s^as ^ Pliny well perceaued,/^ fickneffe,the minde reflecls vpon it felje^ E[ay,i%A^, 
with tudgement furv&ies it felfe^andabhorres it former courfes , infbinuch f ^'^ 7. Cum 
thai he concludes to his friend Majriu^^ that it were the period of a]i Philofo- fa£ia!'e7ogm^t 
fhy ff VP e could fo continue found ^ or performe but a part oft hat which rveeo-femuctuu 
promifed to doe,beingficke. Whofo is wife then ^wi]l con fiderthfe things ^ ^^^gmm^mn 
David did {Pfal, i ^d,verfe /afl, ) And whatfbevcr fortune betali him , m.ike Ugiemamre: 
vfe of it. If he be in forrow,need,{icknefl[e,or any other adverfity/erioufly to ^^P^*^* languor 
recount with him(elfe,why this or that malady,milery, this or that incurable ^^'^Ztmml- 
difeafe is inflided vpon him ^ it may be for his good ^ ^ fic expedit , as Peter m. 
faid of his daughters ague. Bodily ficknelle is for his foules health , perijfet f^l'J^p^^jf^ 
^ijiper^jfetjnad he not becnc vifited^hc had vtterly perifhed , for > the Lordphice,vttliesefe 
correcleth htm whom he loueth^evenas a father doth his childe in whom hee ptrfeveremzs , 
deliph/eth. Ifhe be file and lound on the other fide, and free from all man- ff^^'^lfc 

^ . . I » . ' rot eye mpmi 

ner 01 inhrmiric, ^^o-cut profiumur, 
Gratia.forma^ valet udo contingat abundcy l^Prov'"^^?' 
Et mundus vi^us non dejiciente crumena, k noril^^, 

, Andihathehaue gracCjbeautyjfauour^health, iib.i,^. 

A cleanly diet,and abound in wealth. ^^T^atv-de^it 
Yetin thcmiddoFhis profpcrity, let him remember tliatcavirat of ^^j[/^j,»rcj«/<«i. 
I Beware that he doe not forget the Lord his God^^^^a he be not puffed vp, but ^.^^f^^'* 
acknowledge them to be his good gifts and benefits,and * the mor e he hat hy ^^-^ cumu- 
tohe more thank full^(:jis AgApetinnm advifethj and vfe them aright. iatiiy,tantoobii^ 
Now the iiiftrumentall caufes of thefe our infirmities, are as diucrfe, as the f,^'^[^^J^f " 
infirmities themfclues,ftarres, heauens, elemencs, &c. and all thofe creatures inarumcntali 
vv^ch God hath madc^are armed againft finners. They were indeed once jjj'^^jj°fj'="^ 

A 2 good 

Part. i.Seft. i . Difeafes in general!. Memb. i .SubCiJ 


4 good in themfelues^and that they are now many of them pernicious vnto vs, 
is not in their natiire,but our corruption^v^hich hath caulcd it. For from the 
fall of our firft parent ^damythcy haue beene changed, the earth acctirfed, 
the influence of ftarres altcred,the foure Elements, Beafts, Birds, Plants, are 
now ready to offend vs. TheprincipaUthitigs fbrthevfe of mm are Water ^ 
Fire^Iron^Salt,Meale^wheatjHony^MtlkefitleyWine,Cloathwg^ good to the 
"Godly^to the fimers turned to <f'i////,EccIus.3^.2 6,Ftre^AndHaHe^a?tdFamin^ 
and DearthyalLthefe are created jor veifgeame,Mcc\us 3^.2^. The Heavens 
threaten vs with their Comcts,Starres, Planers , with their great coniundi- 
ons,EccIipfes,Oppofitions,Quartiles^and fuch vnfiiendly Afpeds.The Aire 
with his MeteorSjThunder and Lightning,intemperate heat and cold^migh- 
ty windeSjtempeftSjVnfeafonable weather ; from which proceed dearth , fa- 
mine,plague,and all forts of Epidemicall difeafesj confuming infinity myri- 
ni Bmruide ads of men. At Cayro in Egypt,every third yeare, (as it is related by ^'^ Bote- 
ia:vrbim. ^^^^j^j others,30oooo dye of the plague , and 200000. in Conftantinople^ 
every fift or feaventh ) at the vtmoft. How doth the Earth terrific an dop- 
n Lege bifi. u- P^^^ vs with terrible Earthquakes, which are moft frequent in ^ China^ la* 
latiorremLod, />^;i?,and thofc Eaftcrnc Climes, fwollowing vp lometimes fix Citties at 
il'^MicJadan ^"^^"^ ^^^^ Water rage with his inundations , irruptions , flinging 
mmi796. downeTownes,Citties,Villages,Bridges,&c.befides Hiipwracks , whole 1- 
oGaiciwrrfrfe-Jancjs are (bmetiiTiesfuddenly over-whelmed with all their inhabitants, in 
f^tif o Ze/and,Holland,and many parts oi the Continent drowned, as the P Lake 
pGiraidiu Erno in Ireland ? ^ Nthtl^ ^r^ter arcium cada'vera Vatenti cernimm freto, 
^TmKT)ouCa fcnnes of Free/la^d 1 2 3O3 by reafbn of tempefts , ♦ the Sea drowned 
eiiMb.i xar.io. mult A hominum mjillia^& iumenta fine numero , all the country almoft , men 
*Mmhi 3. and cattle in it. How doth the Fire rage,that mcrcilelfe Element, confuming 
Copflf 46z. inftant whole Citties? What towne of any antiquitie or note , hath not 
beene once,againe and againe,by the fury of this mercilcfle element,dcfaced, 
V tterly ruinated,and left defolatc ? In a word, 
j mchmn. . t Jgnu pepercit^vnda mergit/eris 

sn^tifl. Vu pejlilentii aquori ereptum nec&t^ 
3 ello fuperftes^tabidm mo rho per it . 

Whom Fire fpares,Sea doth drownc^ whom Sea, 
Peftilent ayre doth fend to clay, 
Whom warre fcapes,ficknclle takes away. 
To defcend to more particulars , how many creatures are at deadly feud 
with men ? Lions, Wolues, Bearcs, &c. Some with hoofcs, hemes, tuskes, 
teeth , tailes: How many noxious Serpents and venomous creatures , ready 
to offend vs with ftings, breath, fight, or quite kill vs ? How many pernitious 
fifhes, plants, gummes, fruits, feeds, flowres,&c. could I reckon vp on a fud- 
daine , which by their very finell many of them, touch, taf^, caufe fbme grie- 
vous malady, if not death it felfe ? Some make mention- of a thoufand levc- 
rail poifons ; but thefc are but trifles in refped^:. The greateft enimie to man, 
is man, who by the Divels inf^igation, is ftill ready to doe mifchiefe , his owo 
f Imola- ^^^c"^*^"^^) ^ Wolfe, a Divell to himfelfe, and others . We are all brethren 
Z^4xmm, Chrift, or at leaft fhould be, members of one body, fervants of one Lord, 
and yet no fcind can fo torment; infult over , tyrannize , vex , as one man 
doth another. Let me not fall therefore, ( faith David^ when warres, plague, 


Part i.Seft.i. Difeafes in generally Memb.i.Subf.i 

&muie were offered) into the hands of men, niercileflfe and wicked men • 5 

* fmt homines hoc nomine digni^ * iid.de Triji. 

Qmmf^ lupi^fava plm feritatis habent, /.y.£/f^.7. 
Sometimes by the Divels heipe, as Magitians, ^ Witches : fometiines by r Mifccntaco- 
impofturcs, mixtures, pqyfons , tetagemes , fingle combats , watres , Wee ^^^"^ 
hacke and hcwe, as if we were adinterneeionem nati , like Cadmus fouldiers, 
borne to confume one another. 'Tis an ordinary thing to read of an 100000, 
and two hundred thoiifand men (laine in a battle. Befides all manner of tor- 
tures, brafen bulls, rackes, wheeles, ftrappadoes, gunnes, engins, &c. ^ '^d ^L\b.i.ept^.%. 
'vnum corpui humanum fupplicia plura, quam membra : Wee haue invented 
more torturing inftrumcnts , then there be feuerall members in a mans body, 
as Cyprian well obfcrues. To come neerer yet, our owne parents by their of- 
fenc"s^ indifcretion,ancl intemperance are our mortall enimies. The fathers /Ezcch. 18. 1, 
haue eaten fower grapes y and the chtldrens teeth arefet on edge. They caufe 
our gricfe many times^and put vpon vs hereditary difeafcs , ineuitablc infir- 
mities; They torment vs, and we are as ready to iniure our poflerity; u natXi . od.6 

— 11 max ddtttri progeniem vitio fiorem^3x\(^ the latter end of the world, 
as ^ Paid foretold, is i\ill like to be worfl;. W^e are thus bad by nature, bad by * i-Tim j-z. 
kinde,butiari*e worfe byart,euery manthe greateft enimy vnto himfelfe. 
W^c iiudy many times to vndoe our felues, abufing thofe good gifts which 
God hath beftowed vpon vs,Health, Wealth. Strength, Wit, learning, Arr, 
Memory, to our owne deftru(5lion, y Per ditto tua ex te. As tud^is Maccahe- /Ezcch.18.31 ^ 
m killed c^ofc//^ 'friends with his owne weapons, wearme our felues to ^^^^ccjua. 
our owne ouerthrowes , and vfeRealbn , Arc , ludgement , all that rtiould 
heipe vs, as (b many inftr uments to vndoe vs. He^or gaue iax a (word, 
which fo long as he fought againflenimies,{erued for his heIpe and defence, 
but after he began to hurt harmeleile creatures with it , turned to his owne 
huitlefle bowels. Thofe excellent meanes,God hath beflowed on vs well im- 
ployed, cannot but much availe vs,but if otherwife pervcrted,they ruine and 
confound vs: and io by reafon of our indifcretion and wcaknefle,they com- 
monly doe -.we haue too many inftances. This S. c^/^y?//? acknowledgeth of 
himfelfe in his humble confeflions^ prompt nejfe of Wit , Memory^ Eloquence^ 
they rvcre Gods good gtfts, hut he did not vfe them to his glory. If you will 
particularly knowe how, and by whatmeaftes , confult Phyfitians , and they 
will tell yoiijthat it is in offending in (bme of thofe fix non naturall thfngs,of 
which I Hiall after ^ dilate more at large; they are the caufes of our infirmities, ^Part.r.Seca 
our fiirfetting , and drunkenneffc, our immodci-ate infatiable luft, and prodi- Mcmb.*. 
gious riot. Plures crapula,quAmgUdim^is a truefaying^ the board consumes 
more then the (vvord. Our intemperance it is , that pulls fo many feverall ui- 
arpabledifdafes vpon our heads, that haflens ^ old age , perverts our teiiipe- f^eqmtia eft 
ratwre;, and brings vpon vs fudden death. And M of all , that which crucifies ?««<c nmfinet 
vs mofi, is our owne folly, madnefle, (quos luptter perdit^ dement at by fub- 
fWadion of his aflifling grace God permits it ) weaknefTe , want of govern- 
rtient, our facilitie and pronenefle in yeelding to feverall lufis, in giuing way 
to every pafTion and perturbation of the minde : by which meanes wemeta- 
morphize our fellies, and degenerate into beafts. AH which that Prince of 
c Poetsobferued of ^gdmemnon^ that when he was well picafed , and could cHomJlkfi 
moderate his paffion , bee was. —os oculofj^ lovipar, like Iftpiter in feature, 

A 3 yMm 

I I _ V - ■ - .. -- .... — 

Part. I . ScSt, I , Difeafes ingeneralL Mcmb. i .SubCi.' 

6 Mars in valour, Pai/as in wifdomc, another God jbut when he became angry; 
he was a Lyon, a Tiger, a Dogge,&c. there appeared no figne or Jikenelfe 
of lupiter in himj fo we, as long as we are ruled by reafon, corred our inor- 
dinate appetite^and confoi me our felues to gods word^are as fo many liuing 
Saints.biitifweegiucreines to Luft, Anger, Ambition, Pride, and foUow 
jf^^';^f;^";.ourownevvaie^ beads, tranlForme our felues, ouer- 

vier, & infimu throwe our conftitutions, ^ provoke God to Anger, and heap vpon vs this 
huiufmodijiagt' o{ Melancholy^ and all kindes of incurable difeafes,, as a iuft and deferucd 
pemi mmmur, piinilhment ot our linnes. 


SvESEC. 2* 

Memb. I. 

VDeJinitlon'p ( 
The<Number ^fD/fea/cs, 

tlfmrlZ' ^^m, ^ I^i^eafe is,almoft euery Phy fitian defines.^ Fernelius caKeth 
m^ori iniidcns. ^8^^^^ Jjfe^lon ofthe bodyfiontrary to Nature^ Fit/chius m^ Crato 
\ib^-ufx"^' ^^m^^ hinderance^ hurt^ or alteration of any a^ion ofthe Body^or part 
uf i. Iqiil'pri' ^^^^ of it, g Tholofanus^ a difolntion of that league which is betvpeene 
mm v'maLuf Body andSoule^ and a perturbation of ft: as health the perfeclion^ and makes 
"■^viffolumfiji- per fer nation oftt, ^ Labeo in ^gellius, an ill habit of the body^ oppojite 
deris in cof^ore, to nature J)tnderif?g the vfe of rV.Othcrs otherwi(e,ali to this ejQTed. 
vt faniias efi j^q^ many dikafes there arc , is a queftion not yet determined. » Pliny 
hf'b'.Tcapi- reckones vp 30o,from the crowne of the Head, to the fole of the Foot: elfe- 
moibus eft haui- wherc hc faith morborum infinita multitudo their number is infinite:How(b- 
tuiconmmtu- ^^gj. ^^^^ times, it boots not; in our daies I am fure the nura- 

ram,qui vlHm . . , i • ^ /• / • 

eiui &c ber is much aiigmemted: — f mactes cr nova febr turn. 
Number of Terris tncubuit cohors. For bcfides many Epi- 

ic<!^.ii'/i.7. demicall difeafes vnheardof^ and altogether vnknowne to Calen and Hippo^ 
t Horat. crates^ as Scorbutum^ Smallpox^ Plica, Sweat ingjicknejfe^ Morbus GallicuSy 
^xomhmT ^^'^ ^^"^"^ many proper and peculiar almoft to every parr. No man 
Difcafe oro- ^mongft vsfofound,of(b gooda conftiuition, that hath notfome impedi- 
«her diment of Body or Minde, ^ Quif^fuos patimur manes, we haue all our infir- 

cSwe/iff^ '^^^^^ peraduenture in an age, or 

vix'it anmsfme one of a thoufand,likc the Mufitian in ^Plin^^ that may happily 
''''"'^^"'^'^''^''-liueios yeares,without any manner of impedimenti A Pollio Romulus, ihsLt 

xa In'Mimullo, r ^ • r • t < j -i n r ^ t, 

forai cieo. c^n prclcruc himlelie w/th wtne a* oile-^Ps. man as lortunate as QM.etelluSy 
n Exewp/ii^c of whom r^/mWfomuchbraggcs; A manas healthfullas otto Herwar^ 
Ephemrcapde ^ Senator oi^ufburrow in Germanie ^vjhom « Leouitius the Ai^rologcr 
infimitAL brings in for an example & inftaucc of ccrtaincty in his art, who becaufe hc 
^f^tMviti ^^^^^ fignificators in his geniture fortunate, and free from thehoftilc 
mmmcmriam ^fpcds oiSaturne & Mars being a very old man, • could not remember that 
recordari potejl,e/4er he was Jicke.? Paracelf us may braggc, that he could make a man Hue 
I'^ol^mdecH-' 4C'0 y eares or more, if he might bring him vp from his infancy, and diet him 
biti[fe. as he lift; and fomcPhifitians hold, that there is no ccrtaine period of mans 
fi'bdivliz, life; but ic may ftiU by tgnperaacq and Phyfigk be prolonged. Wee findc ia 

ParCi.Sea.i. Dejiniu^umk Diuif.tfDifedfes Memb.i.Subf i J 

the meanetime, by common experience,that no man can efcapc^but that of 7 
iHefiod\sum\ s Oper.^i; dies, 

Th earth's full of maladieSjand full the Sea, 

Which fet vpon vs both by night and day. 
If you require amoreexad divifion ofthefe ordinary Difeafes, which j^-yj^j^^j^^^ 
are incident to men, I referre y ou to Phyfitiansjthey will tell you of Acute ^ Difcaies. 
Chromcke^Ftrft^Sectmdary^LethAlesSalutms^Errant^FixedySm^ ^See Vemtlm 

found JConnexe dpi Conjequent^ belonging to farts of the vphole^m. Habit yOx 
mDifpoJition^^cMy divifion at this time(as moft befitting my purpolc)fhal Vhichks i#f. 
be into thofc of Body and of the minde. For them of the Body, a briefe Ca- swiSx, 
talogue of which Tufchius hath xm^itjnftitut.lih, i./e&,i .cap. 1 1. I referre 
you to the voluminous Tomes oiGden^Areteus, Rhaps^ Avtcmna^ Alexan- 
der , Paulm^zMttus .GorUonius fimanerius'.hnd thofe exad Neotericks^ Sa- 
*vamroU^CapivacciHSy Donatus AltomaruSy Hercules de Saxonia^ <.Mer curt- 
alts^ Victor tus FA-jentinus^wecker^ Ptfo j^c, that haue methodically, and e- 
laborately written of them ali.Thofc of the Minde and Head , I will briefly 
liandle,^nd apart. 

S V B S E C. 5. 

Divtfion of the DifeAfes of the Head. 

Hefe Difeafcs of the Minde, forafliuich as they haue their chiefe 
feat and Organs in the head , are commonly repeated amongfl 
thediieafesofthehead, which are divers, and vary much accor- 
ding to their fite. For in the head,as there be feuerall parts^fb there 
be diuers grievances, which according to that diuifion oft Heurnius^ (whicb j p,;^^, 
he takes out of Arculanus) are inwaid or outward (to omit all others which mrbis capitis, 
belong to Eyes and Eares,NoflrilIs3Gummes3Teet!i3Mouth,PaIat,Tongue3 ]]^fJ^l^^J^' 
WcfeljChopSjFacej&c.^ belonging properly to the Braine;,as 5aldi;effe/al- larL^avam 
ling of haire,furfiire,!ice,&c. " Inward belonging to the skinnes next to the qferei<e iin evtm 
Brarne, called dura and pia matur, as all head-aches^&c.or to the Ventricles, ^of which ' 
CauleSjKclISjTunicIes^Creekes, and parts ofit,and their pailions, asCaro,tesdHei{rmust 
VerthoJncuhus^Apoplexie.Fadm£ Rckneffe. The dife^s of the Nefuesi^^f^^-J^^^' 
Crampes ^Stupor ^ Convuqion,^ Tremor, Paljie: or belonging to the excrc- cmaiafoH?rA' 
ments of the hran\Catarrhes,Sneezij^g,RumeSyD/JlUlations:ox cKethoCe thut tcti[n,&c, 
perrainc to the fubf?ance of the Braine it felfe^in which are coneeiueds-Fr^/^^^", 
Letht»rgie^Me\ancholie^adnelJe^eake memory^ Sopor pi Cema, Vigilia 
z'/^//C<';^/<.OutofthefeagaineI willfinglefuch as properly belong to the 
vhantajiepx Ifnaginationpx Reafon it felre, which x Laurentius calls the di- x Cip.a rfcMfi> 
fcafcs of the mindejand Hild/jbe/m, morbos ImAginationis^aut Rationts Ufk^ ^^f^^^oi 
which are three or foure in number jFrenfie^MadneJe^ lM elancholy, Dotage^ 
and their kindes: as HydrophobiA,Lycanthropiafihorus fancli Vttt, morbi dx- 
mo'tiUci: which I will briefly touch and point at, infilling efpecially in this 
of MeUnMy^h more aninent then the reli, and diat through all his kindes, 


, I, I 111! I " ' ' • 

Part.i.^cd.i. DifeafesoftheMinde, Memb.i. SuhLil 

8 caufes, fvmptomes, prognolHckes, cures: As Lontcerus hath done Apo^ 
flexia, and many odiers of fuch particular difcafes. Not that I finde fault 
with thofe which haue written of this fubied before, as lafofi Pratenfisy Laa-^ 
rentius, Montdtus^ T,Brtoht^^(i,t\\cy haue done very v/ell in their feueraJI 
kinds and methods, yet that which one omits, another may happily fte, that 
yCip,%.deTbi. which one contracts, another may enlarge. To conclude with y Scribanius^ 
fioiotfa fagcirUy that rvhkh they had Kegle5ied ^ orferfunSiorily handled, we may more 
f^^^^l^^^' throttghljexamim,thatv0hichisoh^ 

dixerint/ioi ex oujly MlatecL andamflified by vs-fii Co made more familiar and eafie for euery 
^f'^'''^>'«''^''^MTianscapacityj and the common good^ which is the chiefeendof my Dif- 

'/igere ftudeA- COUrlC. 

S V B $ E C, 4. 

T>otage^PhrejtJie^ Madnejfe^ Hydrophobk^ Lycmthro^zA'^ 


"gc. 0/^^^*; Fatuity, or Folly, is a common name to all the following 

l^Jrttifedct' W^mm ^P^^^^^3 ^5 ^^^""^^ ^^^^ ^ Laurentius and ^^^ItommiS cora- 

' SJ^IM P^'^hend Madnejfe^ Makncholy^ and the reO-^vnder this name^and 
^^^^ call it the fummum genus oC them all* It itbediftingiiifnedfiora 
them, it is, naturaUox ingentte^ which comes by fomc defe(5t ot the Organs, 
and ouer-moift Braine, as wee fee in our common foolesj and is for the moft 
part intended or remitted in particular men, and therevpon fome are wifer 
then other: or elfc it is acquifitc, an Appendix or Symptome offbm^ other 
PhrcfjGc. drfeafe, which comes or goes; or if it continue, a figne of Melancholy it fclfe. 

Mrm>^,which the Greekes dcriue from the word ^f«r, is a Difeafe of 
the Mind, with a continuall Madneflfc or Dotage,which hath an acute feauer 
sfnncxedjOr elfe an inflammation of the Braine,or the Membranes or Kells of - 
it,vvith an acute fcuer,which caufeth Madnefle,and Dotage. It differs from 
Melancholy and Madnej^e^zOivS!^ their dotage is without an ague: this con- 
tinu ill, with waking, or Memory decayed &c. Melancoly is moft part filent; 
this clamourous, and many fuch like differences are affigncd by Phyfitians. 
Madnefle. ^^^^JP-y 'Phrenfte^dcCi^ CM elancholy are confounded by CelfHs^?^v\(^ many 

hvicericj^medki Writers, othcrs leaue out Phrenjte^and make Madnejfe and Melancholy but 
vnocempicxu Oifeafe, which ^ la/on Pratenfis efpecially labours , and that thev differ 
dimmorbesy onely fecundum mams or minus y\n quantity aIone,tne one being a degree to 
qubd ex eadem the other,and both proceeding from one caufe.They differ intenfo remijfa 

ITJdq r^^S'c?'''^^^'^^^^^ *^ ^^^^'^^^^'^^ humor is intended or remitted. Of the fame 
dine& madofo- minde is ^Areteus ^Alexander TrallianuSyGmaneriuSySavanarolaMeurHtus^ 
eUef^fadus td ^^^'^^ himfclfc wtites promifcuoufly of them both, by reafon of their afl 
luelumexijiat J^^^j}^^^^^^ handle them apart, whom Iwillfol- 

PrjfcM/S/low in this treatife.(>/4^;^^jf^ is therefo defined to bee a vehement Dtf- 
iparsmaia /^^^j Or rauing without a feuer, farrc more violent then Melancholy^ fuU of 
milnvidetHT, anger and clamor, horrible lookcs, a6lions, geftures, troubling the Patients 
with farre greater vehemency both of Body and Minde, without ajl feare & 
forrow, with fuch impetuous force and boldneile, that fometimes three or 
fourc men cannot hold dicm. Differing onely in this from Phrenfie, that it is 


iParc.i.Sedt.i, Difeafes ofthe Minde. Memb.i.SubiCii 

without a Feuef , and their memory is iVjoft part better.It hath the fame can- 9 
fes as the other, as Choler aduft, and Blood incenfed, Braines inflamed &c' 
o FracaBorms addes a due time^ andfulLage to this definition ^to drfttnguijh it ll^f^J^-f^'^f 
from children^ md vpill hcinc it a confirmed Imfotencyjto feparate tt from fuch ^ ^^^^^ ^J^if 
as Accident Ally come drgoe ag^ine^AS by takingH eni?ane^Nightfhade,mne^SiC, perfe mnmo- 
Of this fury there be diuerfe Vindts^ExtAfie, which is familiar with fome ^^^-^'^^ZIZ ^. 
fons, as Cardan faith ofhimfelfe, he could be in one when he Jift, in m hich m^foU^^Hyof- 
the I^diAn priefts deliuer their OracIes,and the witches in Laplande^ as Olaus ^I^^l^^^"^^^ 
Magnus \vntQih'lih.^XApAS,Extafio'fvniapr^^^^ all queftions f^^^2<j J^" . 

in an Extafis you will aske, as what your friendes doc, where they arc, how ^£ operandidtn 
iheyfare,&c. The otherj^(ff/<f j of this Fury are Enthufiafmes, R^'^^^^^^ons '^^'''^^^^^^^ 

Vifionsy fo often mentioned by Gregory and BedA in their workes; Obfelfi- alo-ne, 
onorPolIeffionofdivels, Syhilline Pr<7^^f//, and Poeticall Furies^kich as tof which 
come by eating noxious Herbes,Tarantulas ftinging,&c.whichfomercdi]ce J^^g^^^^''^^^ 
to this. The moft knowne are thckyLycanthropia^HydrophobiA^ Chorus Jam- memisaiiena.'^ 

f^iiriti tme, 
Cltyiti, Lycanthfofii, 

LycanthropfAjWhicn Lyfvuen»a calls Cucu^^utfjy others LupmAtn r/ijAni- 
am^ox. Wolfe madnefte, when men runne howling about graues and fields in 
the night, and will not be perfwaded but that they are Wolues or (bnie 
luch bcafts. 3 ^/Bitius and ^ PauIus call it a kinde of Melancholy, but I fhould g Ob. 6 cap.it 
rather referre it to MAdnejfe, as moft doe. Some make a doubt of it, whether ^^^^^-^ -^^^ 
there be any fuch Difeafe. i Donat Ah Altomari faith , that he faw two of J^j^X^' 
them in his time:^ Wierus tels a ftorj of fuch a one at PAduA 1 54 i,that would k Depr<e(iig. 
not beleeue to the cotrary,but thar he was a wolfe.He hath another inrtance 
of a Spaniard, who thought himfelfea BcareJ Forefius confirmes as much 1 obfe'vat. 
by many examples, one amongft the reft ofwhich he was an cye-wicnefle, , 
at x^lemAY in HolUnd.^ a pore Husband-man that ftill haunted about graues, "^-^""S-^^* 
and kept in Churchy ards,of a palc,blacke, vgly,and fearefull looke.Such be- m Hippocrates 
like or little better, were King Pratus Daughters, that thought thcrofelues ii^'deinf^m, 
Kinc. And Nebuchadnezzar in DAniel, as fonie interpreters hold> was onely 
troubled with this kinde ofMadnefle. This difeale perhaps gaue occafioii 
to that bold aflcrtion of" Pllfiy , fime men were turned into vpolues in his ^ ^^.^ ^ 
time^Andfromvffoluesto men AgAtne: and to that ^hh o^PauJmiAS^ of a ^cwLc/ww- 
inanthatwastenneycarcsa Wolfe, and afterwards turned to his former %i^e«, 
fliape; to « Ovtds tale o^Lycaon d-c- He diat is defirous to heare of dis Dif- f j^S?r\ 
cafe, or more examples, Icthim tQsidc Aufiininhis iZ hookedeCivitAte 
I)ei.cAp,').Mizaldus cent.^.-jy.Sckenkius lib, ' Mildefheim ^iceLi.de Mania, 
Forefius lib.io.demorbas cerebri, OliusM Agnus- Vincentius BelUvicenfis, 
Jlpecmetjib, 3 i.cAp, 1 2 2.Scc. This malady ,faith ^ ;/;24,troubleth men moft 
in February, and is now a daies frequent in Bohemia 3.nd ffungAry, SLCcoi^-^p^^^^^^^^j^^ 
ding to P Heurnius'Schernitzius will haue it common in Livonia, They lye ra^ fitiiipfis aS- 
hid moft part all day, and goe abroad in the night, barking , howling , at '^J^^?^'^* 
^raiKsanddcfenstheyhAuev/uAlly hollow eyes y fcabbedlegges And thighcs^^pccV,' ^^'^ 
'very dry And pAle^ faith *1 Mtomarus: he giues a reafbn there of all the fymp- q capr.9uirt: 
tomes, and fets downe a briefe cure of them. fub^^l^'g; 

BydrophobiAy is a kinde of madneflc, well knovvne in euery Village, which f uk 7; it be- 
comes by the biting of a mad dogge, or (cntching, faith r AureltAnus , tou- 
ching or finelling alone fomctimes, as ^ Sckenkim proues, and is incident to 

B many 

Part.i.Sea.i- Dife^es oftbeMtnde. Memb.i.Subf4; 

lo many other creatures as well as men: fo called, becaule the parties affeded, 
cannot endure the fight of water; or any liquor/uppofing flill they fee a mad 
dogge in it. And which is more wonderfull, though they be very dry , (as in 
this malady they are ) they will rather dye then drinke.^ C^//us ureliams, 
tmrtlM^ Hydrophohia be a paltionof 

theBody,ortheMinde. The part affeded is the Braine; thccaufe poyfbn 
that comes from the mad dogge, which is fo hot and dry that it confumes 
u Sf i«/.a. all the moifcure in the Body, " H/Idefhem relats of fome that died fo mad, 
and being cut vp,bad no water, fcarceblood^orany moifture left in them. 
To fuch asarefoaffededjthefeareofwaterbeginnsat 14 daies after they 
are bitten^to fome againe^not till 40 or 6o.daies afterxommonly faithH^ur- 
»//!^/5 they begin toraue; flye water, andglafles, to looke red and f\vellin 
the face, about 20 dayes after ( if fome remedy be not taken in the meane 
time) to lye awake, to be penfiue fad, tcfeeftrange Vifions, tobarkeand 
howlc, tofallinto afbwne, and oftentimes fittes of the Falling ficknefle. 
j^^*^ 7. X Some (ay litde things like whclpes will bee feene in their vrines. If any of 
I . the fefignesapeare, they are paftrecouery. Many times thefe Symp tomes 

y lib de Hfdro- ^^'^^^ appeare,till (ix or feauen moneths after,faith y CodroKchus^and fome- 
fhob'ia. times not till 7 or 8 yeares as Guunerius , 1 5 as Albert us , ^ or 8 moneths 
z^itxciSGden holdes.5<«^i(//j the great lawyer dyedofir^an ^uflinFrkr^ 
% obprvitt lib. '^"^ ^ woman in Deiphe^ that were z Foneflus Patients, were miferably con- 
10.15. * fumed with it. The common cure in the Couuirey(for fuch at leaft as dwell 
neere the Sea fide) is to ducke them ouer head ond eares in Sea water; fome 
vfe charmes, euery good wife can prefcribe Medicines . But the beft cure to 
be had in fuch cales , is from the moft approved Phyfitians , they th-^t will 
reade of them may confult mihDiofcorides Ls.cap^-s^j.HeurmuSjHtldefheim^ 
CapivAcc'ms, ForreJlus^SckenkiuSy'^hdQXtSiW others Codromhusm It^lian^ 
who hath lately writen two exquifite books of this Subied. 
thwm Canm choms fan^li Viti^ or Saint Vitus dance, the lafciuious dancc,^ Paracelfus 
aiafeivm cha- ^^^^ becaufe they that are taken with it,can doe nothing but dance till they 
reatttjo.^je be dead, orcured. It isfo called, for that the parties fo troubled, were wont 
mrbis amemi- to goe to Saint Fitus for heipe, & after they had danced there a while, they 
hEv7ntuvt ^^^^^ ^ certainly freed. *Tis ftrange to heare how long they will dance,and in 
piuYimum rem what manner, ouer ftooles,formcs,tables, even grcatbellyed women fome- 
'banu ^^^^^ ^^"^ neucr hurt their childe^ will dance fo long that they can ftirre 
neither hand nor foot, but fecme to be quite dead. One in red clothes they 
cannot abide.Muficke aboue all things they loue,& therefore the Magiftrates 
in Germany will hire Mufitians to play to them, and fome lufty fturdy com- 
panions to dance with them. This difeafe hath bcenevery common in Ger- 
cLib.i. cap. de many^as appeare's by thofe relations of « Sckenhus^'^ Paracelfus in his Book 
CMma, of Madnes,who braggs how many fouerall perfons he hath <;ured of it.F^lix 
P/aterus de mentis <z//V;^4f.c4/'. 3. reports of a woman in 'Bajll whom he law, 
that danced a whole moncthtogether.The ^r/iyUm QdAcA it a kinde of 
Falfy^odine'vci his 5 Booke de RepukcAp.i, fpeakes of this infi'-mity, MonA- 
vius in his laft Epiftle to Scolti^us, and in another to Dudithus, where you 
may reade more of it. 

The lafl! kinde of madnefifeor melancoly is ifdemonicall ( if I may fo call 
it^ obfeffion or preflTion of divells which P Uterus and others would hauc to 


Part.i.Sed.i. Mlancholpn Difpofit. Memb.i.Subf 5,- 

be praeturnaturall.'ftiipcndthings are faid ofchem their aaions^geftnres^con- 1 1 
tortions/aftingjprophecying^ipeaking languages they were neuer toiighc 
5cc. many ftrange ftories are related of them which I voluntarily omit. 

^ Fttfchius injlitut lib.-i^.fedi.i.up. i / . Felix Plater Laure^tms^ddQ to 
thefe another Fury that proceeds from Loucy and another from 5'/«^, ano- ^<^ap,^.demn^ 

thcr Divine or religious Fury ; but thefe more properly belong to MeUn- ccf'^^deZt 
d&lj'^ohW which, I will Ipeake t apart, intending to write a whole booke ip^a%t%] 
of them. 

S VB S E C. J, 

Melancholy i^ difpofition^ improperly fo called, ^jMc^uivocatiofis. 

Flancholy^ the fubiedl of our prefcnt Di(courfc,is either in Difpo- 
fition, or Habite. In Difpofition, is that tranfitory Melancholy^ 
which'goes and comes vpon euery finall occafion offorroiv,need, 
fjckncflcj trouble, feare, griefe, patlion, or perturbation of the 
Miade,any manner of care, difconrenr, or thought, which caulcth anguiOi 
and vexation of the fpirits,any waies oppofite to plearure,mirth,ioy, delight, . 
caufing frowardnelfein vs,oradiflikc. In which Equivocal! and improper 
fenfe, we call him Melancholy tliat is dull^ fid, fowre, lumpifh, ill dilpoied, 
Iblitary, any way moued,or difpleafed. And from thefe Melancholy Difpo- 
iitions, f no man lining is free , no Stoicke , none fb wi(e , none io happy, 
none fo patient, fb generous, fo godly, fo divine , that can vindicate iDequohomm 
Iiimfelfe, fo well compofed, but more or lefle fbme time or other, he feeles fi^'^^i^^^i^^eqm 
the /inart of it. f Man that is borne of % vooman^ is (fjhort contmuance,4i^full"^^^^f^"^^^ 
of trouble. Zenofiato ^Socrates himfclfe, whom § JEiian(o highly commends conveait imer- 
for a moderate tern per,that nothing could dill ur be him but go in^ out ^ and^^.^'V^''"^-'""'^ 
coming ///// Socrates kept the fame continuance ^ivh at mtfcry fo euer befell m invemet. 
him^ (if we may bclecue Vlato hisDifcipline ) was much tormented with it. ^H^^^ f»pfil» 
Q^etellus^ in whom ^ Valerius giues inflance of all happinelfej/y^f mo ft for- j 
tunate man then liuing^ borne in that mofi flour t^ing City of Rome^ of noble g Ornm tempore 
parentage ^a proper manofperfon^ well qualified, healthfully rich^ honourable ^ luUuv?def^'^ 
a Senator, aconful, happy inhiswife^ happy in hts children^ &c, ytt2Zm/edieZ 
this man was not void ol MclanciioIy,he had his fhare of fbrrow.» Polycrates ^ '"o ^s/e- 

Samius, that flung his ring into the Sea, becaufe he would participate of dif^ hi."*/ cap 
content with others, and had it iniraculoully reftored to him againe fhortly Nati^infloun" 
after, by a filli taken 'as he angled, was not free from Melancholy difpoliti-jj^'^ VJ/'^^ 
ons. No man can (ecure himfelfe^the very gods had bitter pangs , and fre- ncbWffimTpa. 
quent paflions, as their owne ^ Poets put vpon them. In generall,^ as the hea- f^ntihus, corpc. 
uenfois our life/ometimes faire^fomettmes ouercaft^ tempefluous^ and fi^^-^^^a,\jjimaT' 
fje-j as in a rofe^flovpres vud prickles, in the year e itfelfe^a temperate fomrner ammdom^ 
Comet imes. ahardvpinter , a drouth jindthen againe pleafant (bowres:/o is our ^^"''^^ '^'^IP^ 
Uje tntermtxt With toyes ^hopesfearesjorrovoes ^calumnies; Jnvtcem cedunt fafKeniberts, 
dolor voluptas^ there is a fuccelfion of pleafure and paine. confuian dem, 

tMlkn.V Homer. Iliad. \ Upfuscent. ^.ep.^^. vt cedum^f/c nos himliei (umus: illud eximervallo mbibusobduchm &e^M 
fcuratur.Iitrofhm fiorei(pin'K mtemixil. yita/rmiiisaerivdm modo,fndmhtev}pifi'^s,[cr emtai.-itavica rerum fuaipr«^ 
mtagaudihj&feqmes eurte^m Lucretiiti Ub.^. 1 124. 

B 2 Surgit 

Part i.Sca.i. Melancholy inDijfoJtt. Memb. i. Subf.5; 

II Surgit amar(ali(i[uid quad mipfisflor thus angat, 

Eueni ft the mtdn of laughing there is forrojv^ (jSiS^ Solomonholdts:) even in 
the midft of all our fealting and loUity : as <> Auftin inferrs in his Com. on 
the ^ipfalme^ there is griefe and difcontcnt. Inter decitiasfemper aliquid/a- 
tltrmii^MJii"^ »^j/r4/?^«/<«/.Andt'ismoftabfurdandrediculous, for any mortall man 
A^Sl^Tc^^l /! to looke foraperpetuall tenor ofhappinefleinthislife.Motlnngfoprofpe- 
oVataUm in- ^qus and pleafant,but it hath P fome gall in it/omecomplaining/oine grud- 
w^t^u^'hic gingj t'is all a yKVKV7aKfov,a. mixr paflion.We are not here as thofe AngeJs,ce- 
funt.,at if)j<2«'<i leftiall powers and Bodies5Sunne and Moone, to finifh our courfe without 
mndoiT t»f oflfence^with fuch conltancy, to continue for fo many ages: but fubied to 
Hon trojjfn} infomities^miferieSjinterrupt, tolled and tumbled vp and downe, carried a- 
P. 4. bout with euery fmall blaft, often molefted & difquieted vpon each {lender 
qumtmma occafion, ^ vncertaine,brittle, and fo is all that wee truft vnto. ^ And he that 
frofpemm^ivi- knovpes not this, and is not armed to endure it , is not fit to Hue in this world 
^'^in ^fadm- condoles our time) he knowe s not the condition ojtt where with a 

Turn fit' aTquid rcciprocaltie^fleafure and paine are /lillvnited, and fucceed one mother in a 
diffiiuitatif, VI ying, Exi )? mundo^'^zx. thee gone hence,if thou canft not brooke it, there is no 
maquf^if^'^ ^vay to avoid ir,but to arme thy felfe with patience, with magnanimitie , to 
ktma,fubfit f oppole thy felfe vnto it,fo fuffer afflidion as a good S ouldier of chyifi 5 ( as 
qu<epim vei ^ ^ p^^/ ad vifcth ) conftandy to beare it. But foralmuch as fo few can imbrace 
this good counfell of hi but rather as fo many brute bcafts, 

quadam miiis, gjue way to their paffionsjvoluntarily fubied and precipitate themfeluesinto 
Xcfduca^mU » Labyrinth ofcares^wocs^miferiesj and fuffer their foules to be ouercome by 
7um & 'fragiiicti themjCannotarmc themfelues with that patience as they ought to doe, it fal- 
^ jp«e"^^«J leth our oftentimes that thcfe D ifpo jttions become Habits, and many Affecis 
futt^is^nt ijta contemned,f as " Seneca notes) make a Vifeafe, Even as one Difiillation ^not 
qu<e vires & o- yetgrowne to cuftome ^ makes a cough \ hut continuaU and inveterate jcaU" 
V'^^'^^^'^f '^^' fefh aeon fumpt ion oM our Melancholy provocations: 

fubho , rcpcfiti Rna according as the humour It fclte IS intended, or remitted m men, as 
deiabHntur,mti'^ their temperature of Body , or Rationall foule is better able to make refi- 
'^Jompbt {^ancejfo are they more or lefle affeded. For that which is but a fiea-biting 
libus nlxaradi to onc^caufeth vnfiifFerablc torment to another , and that which one by his 
tTi^^erti^m ^"g"^^^' moderation, and well compofed carriage can happily ouercome ,3 
fiaiu fortune, fccond is no whit able to fuftaine but vpon every fmall occafion of abufe, in- 
Mos infubiime iurie3griefc,difgrace.Iofle,croffe3rumor58cc.(if (blitary, or idle ) yeelds fo far 
%vi!bmZ paflionjthat his complexion is altered , his digeftion hindred, his flecpe 
de{luutos,m gone,h!s fpirits obfcured,and his heart heavy ^hisHypocondries mifaffeded, 
^"^""'^J/f 7 vvindejcrudity^on a fudden ouertake him, & he himfelfd ouercome with Me-> 
ferabiiiier im- luncholy. S o that as the Philofophers tnakc ^ eight degrees of heat and cold; 
wf>-g«^f,Vaic- vvemaymake88of-(W^'/^;^ff/>^/y, as the parties affeded are diuerfly feized 
nus hb.^.cap. ^^-^^ -j. j^^^^ beenc plunged more or leile into this Infernall gulfe, or w3- 
t urn feculo ded deeper into it. But all thefe Melancholy fits, hovvfoeuer pleafing at firfl, 
parum aptus « or difpleafing,vioIent,and tyrannizing ouer thofe whom thev feizeon for 
urn ttofir ornm the time^yct thele men are but improperly lo called , becaufe they continue 
tmditionm ig- not; but comc and goe^as by fome obieds they are moued- This MeUncho* 
7^ocoto^7m b of which we are to treat,is an Uabk,morbus[onticw or Chronicm,2L Chro- 

nexu &c. Lorchanus Gallobdgicus lib- 3 ad annum i J98. {Horfum omms. ftudia dirigi debent.vt humana fomerfero^ 
mM.' t * TiriiM Epift.^S.lih. 10. affeSluifrequentescomtmptiq^ mrbumfadum Di(l'tllauovnamadhuc in vimm addict 
tfiffm fmf,afidH(i & violmapthijim.x Culidm ad oRo:frigiduwadq5i9yna. himdo nwfacit ajiatem, 


Part.i.Sed.i. DigreJJion ofjnatomj^ Memb.2.SubC4; 

nicke or continuatc diCcafe^a. fetled humor ,35 v ^urelUnm^dccid ^ others cal i ^ 
it^not errant but fixcd,and as it was long encrcafing/o now being(pleafant, y Lib.t.cap. <?. 
or paincfiilU growne to an habit, it will hardly be remoued. ^Pufcbm [ib,$, 


S B c T. r. 

M E M B. 2. 

S V B S E C T. 4.. 

Otgref^ion of ^natomy^ 

Eforc I proceed to define the Di{ea(e of MeUmholj, what it is, or 
to difcoiirfe farther of it, I hold it not impertinent to make a brief 
Digreflion of the Anatomy of the body,and faculties of the (oule^ 
for the better vndcrftanding of chat which is to follow, becaufe 
many hard words will often occurre , as Myrache , Hy^ocondries , Hemrodsj 
&c. Imagimtton , Reafon , Humours , Spirits , Vitd. , Naturall , L^/timallj 
?ieruesy remes, Arteries^ Chdm^ Pituita • which of the vulgar will not fo 
eafily bee perceaued, what they are, how lited, and to what end they ferue. 
And bcfides , it may peraduentnre giue occafion to (bme men, to examine 
more accurately, fcarch farther into this moft excellent fubie6l , and therevp- 
on with that Roiall * Prophet to praife God, (fir a mm is fcArefulLy voon' ^^^^ 
derfuUy made^ tndcurioujly wrought) that hauc time and leafure enough,and *' 
are furficiently informed in all other worldly bufinefles ^ as to make a good 
bargainc,buy,and fell, to keepe and make choice of a faire Hauke, Hound, 
Horfe,&c. But for fuch matters as concernc the knowledge of themfelues, 
they are wholy ignorant and carelelle , they knowe not what this Body and ^^^^^ 
Souleare, how combined, of what parts and faculties they confifl, or how a Turpe emi efl 
Man differs from a Dosee. And what can be more ignominious and filthie 

zjo o fuicoypofls (vt 

(as ^ Ade/a/i^ho^ well invdghcs J thert fir a mm not to knowe the Jir uBure na akamydi^- 
andcompofition of his ovpne body^ eJpeciaHy fince the knowledge of it , tends/o "tim, praferfm 
much to theprefervation of his health , and information of his manners. To ^diUm&mTtl 
ftirre them vp therefore to this fludy , to pcrufe thofe elaborate workes ofh^ccognitiopbt' 
^ Galen , Bauhinm , Plater , refalim , Falopitts . Laurentius, Remelinm^ &c. 
Which haue written copioufly in Latinej or that which fbme of our induftri- bii tfu parti- 
ous Countrimen haue done in our mother tongue , not long fince , as that «»». 
tranflation of ^ Columbus ^ and ^ Microcofmographia ^ in 13 bookes,Ihaue^^^^°'^ 
made this briefe Digreffion. Alfo becaufe « PVeckerJ Melan^hon, g Ferneli- rfD.Crooke. 
us , ^ Fufchius , and thofc tedious Tra^^s de ^nima ( which haue more 
compendioufly handled,and written of this matter j are not at all times ready g ufcmt. libA '. 
to be had, to giue them fomc fmall taitc , or notice of the reft, this Epi- ^ PhjifigiMi, 




Anmmj of the body 


S V B S B C T. 2. 


r»ccos.Jine qui- 
bus animal (h- 
jleniari non po- 







Serumi Sweati 


* SpntaUs anl' 

D'tvifion of the Body, Humours^ Sprits, 

F the parts of the Body,therebe many divifions; The moft appro- 
ved is that oP Lmrentim, out of Hippocrates: which is, into parts 
Contained ^ox. Containing, Contained ^ are cither Humours ,ot 

A Humour is a liquid or fluent part of the Body, comprehended in it, for the 
prefervation of it^and is either innate and borne with vs, or adventitious and 
acquifite. The Radical lor innate , isdaily fuppliedby nourifhment, which 
fome call Cambium^md make thofe (ecundary humours of Ros and Gluten to 
maintaineit: oracquifite, to maintaine thcfe foure firft primary Humours^ 
comming and proceeding irom the firflconcodion in the Liver, by which 
meanesC)^^//^ is excluded. Some divide them into profitable, and excre- 
mentitious humours: Pituitajir\d B loud proRtahk-^ the other two excreincn- 
titious. But ^ Crato out of Hippocrates will haue all foure to be iuyce^and not 
excrements, without which no lining creature can be fuftaincd : which foure 
though they be comprehended in the Made of S/ood , yet they haue their fe- 
verall affedionsjby which they are diftinguifhed from one another,and from 
thofe adventitious,/'^rc^^,<?r ^ difeafed humour s^as MelanSlhon calls them. 

Bho^^xs a hot, fweet, temperate, red humour , prepared in the CMefera^ 
icke veines, and made of the mofl temperate parts of the chylm in the liver, 
whofe office is to nouridi the whole body, to giue it ffrcngth and colour, 
being difperfed by the veines , through every part ofit. And from it Spirits 
are firft begotten, in the heart,which afterwards by the Arteries, are commu- 
nicated to the other parts. 

?ituitafOx Fleagme , is a cold and moift humour , begotten of the colder 
part of the chylm,((yt white iuycc comming of the meat digefted in the fto- 
macke) in the Livery his office is to nourifh , and moiften the members oft he 
body,which as the tongue,are moued, that they be not over dry. 

C holer ^is hot and dry ,bitter,begotten of the hotter parts of tne chylmymd 
gathered to the Gall; it helpes the natural! heat and fenfes , and ferues to the 
expelling of excrements. 

CM elancholyf-oXd and drie,thick, biackCjand fowrc,begotten of the more 
f2BcuIentpartofnourifhment,and purged from the Splecnc,is a bridle to the 
other two hot humors, j5/?<?^and C^^/ifrjprefeniing them in the Blood, and 
nourifhing the bones : Thefe foure humors haue fome analogie with the 
foure Elements,and to the foure ages in Man. 

To thefe humours, you may adde Serum^ which is the matter of Vrine, & 
thofe excrementitious humors of the third Conco£lion, Sweat , and Teares. 

Spirit ^is a mofi fubtile vapour, which is exprefled from the Blood , & the 
inftrumcnt of the Soule,to performe all his adionsj a common tyc or medi- 
/^w,betwixt the body and the 1 oule,as fome will haue it • or as * Paracelfut^ a 
fourth foulc ofit felfe. MeUnEihon holds the Fountaine of thefe Spirits to be 
the Hearty begotten there, and afterward convaied to the Braine, they take 
anotheriiature to tliem. Of thefe Spirits there be three kindcs, according to 


Part^i.Scd.i, Similar farts. Memb.i.Siibf 3^' 

die three principall parts, Bmne^ Heart, Liver ; Naturally FitaU, <^mmaU, 1 5 
The Naturall arc begotten in the Liver , and tlience difpcrfed through the 
Veines, to performe thofe naturall adions. The r/tall Spirits are made in 
the Heart pf the Naturall , which by the Arteries , are tranlported to all the 
other parts: if tliefe Spirits ceafe, then life ceafeth, as in a Syncope or Swou- 
ning. The Animal (pirits formed of the /^//^Af^broughc vp to the Braine,and 
diffufed by the Nerues,to the fubordinate Members ^ giue fenfe and motion 
to them all. 

S V B S B C T, 3, 

Similar farts,, 

Ontaining parts , by reafon of their more folid fubftance, are cither Similar pates. 
Homage nea]lf)i Heterogeneall^ Similar jOX. Dipmilar . fb ArtfiotU 
divides ihem,//^. \,cap,i.dehifl,Ammd, Laurentlus cap,2oJib,x* 
Similar, 01 Homogeneall^ ar v ruch,as if they be divided , are ftill fe- 
vered into parts of the fame nature,as water into water. Of the(e , fome bee 
Spermatuall^ fome Flejhiej or Carnall. Spermat/call are fuch as are imme- at Lauremm 
diatly begotten of the Seed , which are Boms , Grifiles , Ligments , Mem- ^^^;°"''^*** 
brartes^ Nerues^ Arteries^ VeineSy Skinnes, Fibers^ or Strings^ Fat, 

The Bones are dry and hard,bcgottcn of the thickeft of the feed, to ftrcng- Bones, 
then and fuftainc the other parts; fome (ay there bee 304, foriie 307', or 313 
in Mans Body. They haue no Nerucs in them, and are therefore without 
fcnle. • 

A Grijlle*\s a fubflance fofter then bones, and harder then the reftjflexible^ 
and ferues to maintainc the parts of motion. 

Ligamenti^ are they that tye the bones together, and other parts to the 
Bones ,with their fubferving tendons : Membranes office is to couer the refl, 

iVm/^'iorSinewes,are Membranes without, and full of Marrow within, Nerucs, 
they proceed from the Braine 3 and carry theAnimall Spirits for fenfe and 
motion. Of thefe fome be harder/ome fofter^ the fofter ferue the fenfes, and 
there be feauen paire of them. The firft be the Opticke Nerues^y which we 
fecjihe fecond moue the Eyes ; the third paire ferue for the Tongue to taft 5 
the fourth paire for the tafle in the Palate^ the fift belong to the Earesj the fixe 
paire is mort ample, & runnes almof^ ouer all the Bowels j the feauenth paire 
moues the Tongue. The harder Sinewes ferue for the motion of the inner 
parts,procecding from the Marrow in the backe, of whom there bee thirtie 
Combinations,fcaven of the Necke, tvvelueof the Breft,&c. 

t^r^^'r/^'j' are long and hollow , with a double skinnc to convay the vi- Arteries, 
tall fpirirs; to difcerne which the better, they fay that Vefalim the Anatomift nin thefe they 
Was wont to cut vp men aliue. " They arife in the left fide of the heart , _and obferue the 
are principally two, from which theicf^ arederiued,y^^?r/4,andr<f^^/4, p^j'^^® ^ * 
<^orta is the root of all the other , which ferue the whole body 5 the other 
goes to the LungSjto fetch ayre to refrigerate the Heart. 

Veines,zxt hollow and round like pipes, arifing from the Liver, carrying Vcincs, 
blood and naturall fpirits , they feed all the parts. Of thefe there bee two 
dnd^^f^enaforta^^nd Vena CAva^ from whicb the reft are corrivatcd. That 

Part. I ,S ed, i . Digrejjton in Jnatomy, Memb.i. Subf.4. 

■ III I ■ — • 

1 6 Vem porta, is a Veinc,comming from the concauc of the Liver , and rccca-'-' 
ving thofe mcferaicall veines ^ by whom hce takes the chylm from the fto^ 
mackeand guts,and convaies it to the Liver. The other deriues blood from 
the liver to nourifh all the other difperfed members. The branches of that 
Fern port A are ih^M^feraicallm^ H^morr hides. The branches of the Cam 
^XQ f/trvarJi or outward. Inward, femmalL ox emuigent. Outward y in the 
headjarmes/eetj&c. and haue feverall names. 
Fibr^ Fat F^^f"^ are firings, white and (blide difperfed through the whole member, 
Fic {b. ' and are rightjoblique^ tranfuerfe, all which haue their feverali vfcs. Fat , is a 
GCtdm eflpars fimilar part moift without blood,compofed of the moft thicke and vnduous 
^jf^'^^^^fjj^/f. matter ofthe blood. The skinne couers the reft , and hath Cut/cu/am or a 
riora muniat. littlc skinne vndei it. Fielh is foft and ruddy, compofed of the congealing of 

S V B S E C t. 4i 

Dipmlar parts, 

jp'milarparts , are thofe which we call Organtu% or lnjlf%men^ 
tall^md they be Inwardpi Outward. The chiefeft outward parts 
are fituaic forward orbackward!3i£r'W, thecrowneand forctop 
of the head , skull , face , fbreheaj , temples , chinne , eies, cares, 
nofe, &c. necke , brcaft , cheft , vpper and lower part of the belly , hypocon- 
dries, navell, groyne, flank^5&c-^4ff;^'iV4/'^J, the hinder part of the head,back, 
fhoulders, fides, loynes, hipbones, os (acrum, buttocks,&c. Or ioints,ai-mes, 
hands, feet, legges, thighes, knees, &c. Or common to both, which becaule 
they arc obvious and well knownc, I haue carelefly repeated , ea^ pr^ci^ud. 
drgrandtora tantum: quod rdiqutm^ ex libru de ammk^qui 'volet^accipiat. 
Inward Organic (M parts which cannot be feenc,are diverfe in number,and 
p hnat. B. i.e. liaue feverall nameSjfundionSjand divifions*but that of P Laurentim is mofl 
I <)Xdchm eft notable, into Nol^le, or Ignoble parts. Of the noble there be three principall 
f'Jtim^vtjio p^i'^s to which all the reft belong,and whom they (erue,^m«^/:/m*r. Liver ^ 
laprimpei & Accotding towhofc fitc,threcRegions,or a threefold divifionis made of the 
Igmb^iespmcs. whole body. A sfirft of the ^^^^ in which I he Animal Organes are contai- 
ned,and Braine it (elfe, which by his Nerues giues (enfe and motion to the 
reft, and is ("as it were^ a privy Councellour , and Chancellour to the Heart. 
The (econd Region is the Cheft,or middle ^e^ , in which the heart as king 
kcepe^ his court,and by his Arteries communicates life to the whole body. 
The third Region is the lower Belly , in which the liver rcfides as a Legat k 
latere^ with the reft of thofe naturall Organes , (erving for concodion, nou- 
rirhment,expelling of excrements. This lower Region is diftinguifhed from 
thevpperby the iW/^^/^, or 2>/^/'^r4^»?4, and is fubdiuided againe by 
q "D-Cmk out q fomeinto three concavitics,orregions,vpper, middle, and lower.^The vp- 
of G4 \en and per of the Hypocondries,in whofe right fide is the Liuer^thc left the Sp/eene. 
°' From which is denominated HypocondriacaU Melancholy. T he fecond of the 

Navell and Flanckcs,divided from the firft by the Rimmejh^ Jaft of the wa- 
tercourfe,whieh is againe fubdivided into three other parts. The ^rahiani 
m.ike two parts of this Region, BpigaJlrtHm , and Bypogafirium 5 Vpper oc 


Parc.i.^ed.i. Jnatomjofthe EoJj, Memb.z. Subf.4* 

lower. Ep/ga/lrium they call Mirach^ from whence comes MirachUlis Me- 17 
Uncholia^ iometimes mentioned of them. Of thefe feverall Regions I will 
treat in briete,apart: And firft of the third Region, in which the naturall Or- 
gans are contained. 

But you that are R.eaders in the meane umz^Si^pofeyou vperenow brought 
intofomefucred T emple^ or (Jl^a^efi/calipallace ( as ^ Mekncihon faith) to be- ^ ^-^f^^^ 
hold not the mattex only , but the finguUr^rt^ ivorkmixn^vp ^ a.ndcpunfe]l of lunin tmplm 
this our or eat Creator, ^ndtis a pleafantand pro fit able (pecuUtion. tf tt bee f^"f^'*^ 
conjidered aright. The parts or this Region^\^h\ch prelent themlelues to your puieusy&c 
confideration and view^are fuch as fcrue to nutrition or generation. Tliofe ^^i'^ 
o( Nutrition ferue to the firft or fecond concodion; as the a^fophagus or GuU jhelower Re 
Iet,which brings meat and drinke into the Stomacke.. Thtren(ric/eov{\G'gion Natural! 
macke^which is (eated in the midft of that part of the belly beneath the A^fid- Organs. 
r/^<f,the kitchin ("as it were ^ of the firft concodion , and which tiirnes our 
zneat into chilmi It hath two moiitheSjone abouc,another beneath. The vpr 
per isfbmctimestakcnloi theftomackeitfclfe • the lower and neaiherdorc 
^as mcker calls itjis named Pylorus. T\m ftomacke is fiidained by a large 
Kcll or Kaull, called Omentum : w iiich fomc will liaue the fame with Perito- 
TJcUms^i rimme ot the belly. From the Stomacke to the very Fundament^ ar^ 
produced -the Guts or Inteflina , which fcruc a little to alter and diikibute - 
the chiltd'S^^.n^ convey away the excrements. They are divided into (mall and 
grcat,by icafbn of their fite and fubiknce, (lender or thicker. The flendcr is 
Duadenum or whole gut , which is next to the (lomacke , fome twelue inches 
long(^fiith. ^ Fufchim.) leiunum or empty gut^continuate to the other,which ^^^.i-flM^o 
hath many Meferaicke Veines annexed to i t^which take part of the chilm to * 
the Liner firom it. ///^>?^ the third, which confiftsofmanycrinckles, which 
ferues with the refl to receaue, kcepe, and diftribute the Chiluskom the Sto^ 
rnacke. The thickc guts are three , the Blind gut ^ Colon ^ and Right gut. The 
3linde is a thick and fiiort gut^hauing one mouth, in which the llion and Co- 
lon meet: it receaucs the excrements , and convaies them to the Colon, This 
Colon hath many windings,thar the excrements paflc not away too faft. The 
Right gut is lkaight,and convaies the excrements to the Fundament , whofe 
lower part is bound vp with certaine v^«/£:/(fi-,called Sphincleres, that the ex- 
crements maybe the better contained, vntiH fuch tirne a man bee willing to 
goe to the (loolc. In the midft cf thefe guts is fituated the Mefenterium or 
^Ti/^V//J^,compofcd of many Veines, Arteries, and much fat, feruing chiefly 
to^ fiifiaine the guts. All theie parts ferue the firft conco6lion. To the Iccond, 
which is bulled either in refining the good nourifhrncnt, or expelling the 
bad , is chicHy belonging the Livei^ , like in colour to congealed blood, the 
fhop of blood,' fjtuate in the right Hypocondrie , in figulre like to an halfe 
Moonc, Cenerofum membrum^Melanclhon (tiles it, a generous parf; it femes 
to turnc the chilm to blood , for the nourifliment of the Body. Tlie excre- 
ments of it are either cholericke or fT^/^rv, which the other fiibordinate parts 
contey.Th^(7<z/7pIacedin theconcaueoftheX/'z/<?/', cxtrads choler to it: 
T^tySpleene^ Melancholy^ which is fituate on the left fide, oucr againft the L/- 
«t/^r,afpurif^je matter, that drawes thisblackecholertoitbya (ecret vcrtiie, 
and feeds vpon it,convcyirtg the reft to the bottoms of the ftomacke,to ftirre 
vp appetitc,or elfe to the guts as an excretiicnt, Tliat watery matter the two 

C ^ Kidnies 

Parci.Sedl.i. Jnatomy ofthe'^ody. Memb.3i,.Siii)C4^ 

l8 Kidnies expurgate^by thofc emulgent vcincs^and Freteres : The emulgcnt 
dravvc this fuperfluous moifture from the blood 5 the two Kreteres convey it 
to the Bhdder^\{\6\ by reafon ofhisfite in the lower belly^ is apt to receauc 
it^hauingtwoparts^neckeandbottomc-thebottome holds the water, the 
necke is conftringed with a mufclCjWhich as a Porter , keepes the water froin 
running out againft our will. 

Members of generation arc common to both fexes , or peculiar to onc; 
which becaule they are impertinent to my purpofe, I doe volurjtarily omit, 
Middle Regt- ]s^gxc in order is the middle Region, or chert which comprehends the viral! 

faculties and parts: which as I haue faid ) is feparated from the lower belly, 
by the Diaphragma or Midrijfe^ which is a skinnc confifting of rtiany nerucs, 
membranes ^ and amongft other vfes it hath , is the inlbument of laughing. 
There is aUo a certaine thinnc membrane/ull of Sinewes,which covereth the 
whole cheft within , and is called Pleura^ the feat of the difeafe cdiMtd Pleuri- 
fie^when it is inflamedt feme adde a third skinne, which is rearmed MgdiafU- 
;?^i,which divides the cheft into two parts,right and left. Of this Region the 
principall part is the Heart, which is the feat and fountaine of life, of heat, of 
fpirits 3 of pulfe and rcfpiration , the Sunne of our Body , the king and fole 
commander ofit: The feat and Organe ofallpaflionsandaffeaions. 
mum vzvens.vltmum moriens^M Hues firft, and dies laft in all cceatures: Of a 
pyramidicaIlforme,andnot much vnlike to a Pine apple; a part worthy of 
t u^c m eft ^^dmiration,that can yeeld fuch variety of affedions, by whofe motion 'it is 
pr^cipue digm dilated or contraaed,to ftirreand command the humours in the body : As 
tTIZ7af ^?i^J^ow,meIanchoIy; in anger, choler; in ioy, to fend the blood outwardlyj 
fe£tmm varie- .^'^ forrow^to call it in ; mouing the Humors , as Horfes doe a Chariot. This 
'"'ofT''' ' ^^^'"^^^^^"g^^ " onefole member ,yet it may be divided into two creeks 
tkZ'liT ^k^^ ^'fi' The right is like the Moone increafing,bigger then the other 
^aim mdafe- part,& rcccaues blood from Vena Cava, diftributing feme ofit to the Lun^s 
mm &muct. CO nouriih them,the reft to the left fide, to ingender fpirits. The left Creekc 
hath the forme of a C^^^^^^and is the feat of life; which as a Torch doth Oyle, 
drawes blood vnto it^begetting ofit fpirits and fire ; and as fire in a torch , fo 
are fpirits in the blood,and by that great Artery called Aorta^ it fends vital] 
fj^irits ouer theBody^and takes aire from the Lungs, by that Artery which is 
called r^'/^Q/a 5 So that both Crcekcs haue their Vcftells ; the Right two 
Veinesjthe Left two Arteries, befides thofe two common anfraduous eares 
which ferue them both,the one to hold blood,the.other aire for feuerall vfes^ 
Z^^^^^lf ^ ^^'""f ^P""gy P^rt,Iike an Oxe hoofe, ( faith " Ferneli^) thz 
p:ftc puimo vo- Towne-Ciarke, or Cryer f ^ one tearmes it ; the inftrument of voice as an 
inHrumemn Orator to a King , annexed to the Heart , to expreffe his thouehts by voice 
T^mZ, '^^'^ inftrutijent of voice, is manifeft , in that no creatu^ can 

refpiration or breathing; and its office is to coole the Heart, by fending ayre 
vnto.it,by the VemraJl Artery, ^hich veine comes to the lunes by that afpe^ 
ra4rtma which confifts ofmany griftks, membranes, nerues, takiW in ayre 
at th&nofe andmouth,and by itlikcwife exhales the fumes of the Heart ' ' 
. In thevpperi?^|2f^;.feruingtheapimanfacute^ the cliiefe Organ is die 
. W,which IS a foft,marrowi(hAnd white fubftance , ingendred of the pu- 
reft part offeed andrptrits,uiduded by many skiones , andfcated Within the 


Part-LScdt.!. Jnatomy of theSoule. Memb.i.Subf4« 

skull or brainepan, and it is the moft noble Organ vnder Hcaiien, the dwel- 19 
linghoufe and feat of the Soiile, the habitation of wifdomc^memory^iiidge- 
mcntjrcafonjand in which nian is moft like vnto God,: and therefore nature 
hathcouereditwithaskulLofhardbonej and two skinnes or membranes^ 
whereof the one is called dura mater pt meninx^^ other fiA mater. The du-. 
ta mxter is next to the skull^aboue the other, whicb includes and proteds the 
braine. When this is taken away, the mxter is to be leene, a thinne mem- 
brane,the next and inmiediate couer of the braine , and not couering oncly, 
but entering into it. The Br:itne it lelfe is divided into tVv^o parts, the /^^r^ and 
hmder part-^ the fore-part is much bigger then the other , which is called the 
/tttle braine in rcfped of it. This fore-part hath many concauities, diftingui- 
fhcd by ccrtainc ventricle s^which are the Receptacles of the Spirits,brought 
thither by the Arteries from the Heart , and are there refined to a more hca- 
vcnJy na:urc,to performe the anions of the Soule.. Of thefe Ventricles there 
be thie.tJ<ightjLeft^m<X U^lidule, The Right md Left anfwer to their fitCj ^ 
beget afiimal Spirits ; if they bee any way hurt, lenfe and motion ceafeth. 
Thefc ventticles morcouer,3re held to be the feat of the common fenfe. The 
(JMiddle 'ventricle common concourfe and cayitie oftbcm both; and 
hath two pailligcs ^ the one to rcceaue Pstuita , the other extends it felfe to 
the fourth creckct in this they place Imagimtio»^^nd Cogitation , and fb the 
three ventricles of the forepart of the Braine are vfed. The fourth Creeke 
behinde the head is common to the Cerebelloi little braine, and marrowe of 
the back-bone,the leaft and moft folid of all the reft, which receaucs the Ani-, 
rpal Spirits from the other ventricles , and convaies them to the marrow in 
the backe,and is the place where they fay the memory is featcd, 

SvBSECT, 5, 

of the Soiile and his Vacuities c 

Ccording to y Arijlotle^xhc Soule is defined to be Ip%ux^'a ^pcT" y veamm,c,i 
feciio a6iu,s primu4 corporis Organici^vitam habentis in poten- 
tial the perfection or firft Ad ofan Organical body,hauing pow- rScoRg. emco 
er of ]ifc,which moft ^ Philofophers approue. But many doubts 307- ToUtM 
arifc about the E(fenceySubie^,SeaP^Diflincliony and fubordinatefaailties of J^^'J:^"'J^*, 
it. 'For the Eflence and particular knowledge , of all other things it is moft a i.De aim, 
hard (be it of Man or Beaft^ to difcerne , as ^ K^irtflotle himfelfe , ^ Tu]ly^ ^^rliui imII '■ 
P/V»tf Mirandtsta , ^ Tolet^ and other Neotericke Phifofophers confeflc. ^ liM.D^iJiwl 
Wee can vndcrjland ail things by her ^ but whatfhee is we cannot apprehend, FaLGentU. c. 
Some therefore make one Soule , divided into three principall facalticsj o- ^^XI^'J"^* 
thers^three diftind Soules. Which queflion of late hath beene much contro- c Anma\weq, 
verted by Pjcolomineuis^dnd ZalfarelJ Par acel fits will haiie fbure Soules, ad- w^^'^w^ <^ 
ding to the three granted faculties, a Spiritual Soule : which opinion of his jp^-^ \ntt]ii^xt 
CampanelLa in his bookc de ^ Senfu rcrum,xnvich labours to demonftrate and nonvAimiu. 
proue,bccaufeCarkafIes bleed at the fight of the murderer , with many fuch ^J^'^'f^T 

arguments; And s foms againe, one foule of all Creatures whatfbeuer , dif- quu di^nam, 


taJdvcre in!j:eYen$em poll mmcm per allquit m:afes, *Lib.$^xf.iz, ^C(d'ii(i lib.%£i^.ii%[VlmrcbMGiiUOiU^,C:nUi« 

C % , ^ fcring 

Part i.Sea.i. Jmtomy of the Seuk. Memb.z.bubl.j ; 

20 feringonlyin Organs; And that Bcafts haue rcafon as wcl as Mcn^though for 
fome dcfea of Organs , not in fuch meafure. Others make a doubt,whether 
it be all in all, and all in every part, vvhichisamply difcufledin^^W^'/a- 
mongft thereft. Thehcommondivifion of the Soule^isintothreeprinci- 
hmiip. de A. faculties; VegetaU , Senfitine , and Ratiomll , which make three diftind 
Zlotuit kinde of liuing Creatures : regefaU Plants ^Se^tl^/e Beafts, Ratio?taU^tn. 
ca^.^. Plutarch. How thefe three principall facilities arc diftinguifhed and conneded Htt- 
fX''tit!'&'^' ^^^^ t^ge^io imcceffum videtur-^^ beyond humane capacitie^as » TaureUm^ 
mm, part, 3 Phtlip,FUviui,^nd others fuppofe. The inferiour may be alone , but the fu- 
Sl'/n'i ' PS"^"'^ cannot fubfift without the other;fo Senftble includes Fegtta ll.Ratio^ 
VegctaTfouU' ^4/^ both, which are contained in it(faithy^r/^^^ "JtTrigQnm in tetrago^ 
SHbft0. 1. /lo^as a Triangle in a Quadrangle, 

regetali^the firft of the three diftin^ faculties,is defined to be a(ubjJantid 
of <tn Organic aU hodyjjy vohich it is nouri^sd^Attgmented^ And begets 
ot her like vnto itfelfe. In which definition, three feuerall operations are fpe. 
k J^utrttlo eft. c'£cd^<^ltrix^Lyfu^rix^Procreatrix,ihc firlt is ^ Nutrition, whofe obied is 
aiimem tranf- nourilTimcnt^meat^drinkejand the like ^ his Organ the Liucr in fenfible crear 
^maiislsui.tx- cures; in Plants^the root or fap. His office is, to turne the nutriment into the 
erc.ioi.Sec.17 fubftance of the body nourifhed, which he performes by naturall heat. This 
Attraaion. nutritiue Operation hath foure other fubordinate functions, or powers belon- 
isce mote o£ Q^ingtok,Attra^ion^RetentionjDigeJlion.^Eicpulfion. ^ Attraaion isamini- 
ScTexetci^i^^^^^ facultie, which as a Loadftonedoth Iron,drawes meat into the tto- 
' macke,or as a lampc doth oylc,and this attradiue power is very neceflary ia 
Plants which fuckc vp moifture by the root^as another mouth^into the fap,a s 
Rctcmion. alike ftomackc. Retention keepes it being attra ded vnto the ftomacke , vntill 
fuch time it be concoded,for if it.ihould pafle away ftraight,the body could 
Digoftion. not be nourifhed. Bigeftionyis performed by naturall heat ; for as the flame 
of a Torch coniiimes oylejWax,talIowe : fo doth it alter and digeft the nutri- 
tiue matter. Indigeftion is oppofite vnto it, for want of naturall heat. Of this 
Maturation ^^i,^fl^^^ there be three di^CYtncts^Maturation^Elixation^AJfation, Matu- 
ration efpecially obferued in the fruits of trees : which are then faid to bee 
ripe,whenrhefcedsarefit tobefowne againe. Cruditie is oppofed to it, 
which GluttonSjEpicures^and idle perlons arc moft fubied vnto,that vfe no 
exercife to ftirre vp naturall heat , or elfe choake it , as too much wood puts 
Elixation. out a fire. Elixation^xs the feething of meat in the ftomacke, by the (aid natu- 
rall heat,as meat is boyled in a pot ; to which corruption or putrefadion is 
oppofite. ^JfAtion^\% a concodion of the inward moifture by heat , his op- 
pofite is S emiujlulation, Befides thefe three feverall operations o^Digejliony 
there is a fourefold order of concodion ; MaHication , or chewing in the 
Order of con. niouth' C^///^ff4/id?;?of this fo chewed meat in the ftomackc. The third is in 
coaionfourc the i^/t/^r to turne this C^y/!«f into blood, called Sanguification'^ Thelaftis 
fo'd. i^pmilation^which is in every part. Expulfion is a power oiTiutrition , by 
Expulfion. ^^^^^ " expells all fuperfliious excrements , and reliqiies of meat and drinkc 
by the guts,bIadder,pores; as by purging,vomiting,fpitting/weating, vrine, 

As this Nutntiuefacultie ferues to nourifh the body,fo doth the Augment 
Augraentatig. tingfa,cultie( the fecond operation or power of the Vegetal faculty jto the in- 
crcafing ofit in quantity^according to all Dimenfions3long,broad, thickc, & 


Parti.Sed.i. Digreffion ofJnatomj^ Memb.2.SubC5 ; 

to make it growc^till it come to his due proportion & perfed fhape : whieh 2 1 
hath his period ofaugmentation^as of confumption: and that moi} certaine, 
asthe Poetobferues: 

SUt fua cuf^ dies hrtue ^ irreparabiletempm* 

Omnibus efi vita— 

A tearmc of life is let to every man, 
Which is but fhort,and pafle it no one can- 
The laft of thefe regetallfaculties is Generation ^^Nhkh begets another, by Generation, 
meanes of feedjlike vnto it fclfe,to the perpetuall preferuation of the Species, 
To this facultie they afcribe three fubordinate operations.* The firft to turne 
nourilTiment into feedj&c. 

Necclfary concomitants or affedions of this Vegetal facultie are life,& his Life ♦^cath 
privation,death. Totheprefervationoflife the natural! heat is moft rcqui- 0° "he Veg«al 
(ite^though ficcity and humidity, and thofe firft. quahties , bee not excluded, facukiei. 
This heat is likev/ife in Plants^as appearesby their increafing,frudifying,&c 
though not fo eafily perceauedtin all bodies it muft haue radicall ^ moiikire '^J^'^l'^^'^fl 
to prelerue it , that it bee not confumed , to which preferuation our clime, mi^, 
countrey , temperature , and the good or bad vfe of thofe Hx non-naturall 
things avai!e much. For as this naturall heat and nioilhue decaies , fo doth 
our life it felfe; and if not prevented before by fome violent accident , or in- 
terrupted through our owne default » is in the end dryed vp by old age, and 
extinguifbed by death for want af matter , as a Lampe for dcfct^t of oylc to 
maintainc it, 

S V B s E c T. 6, 

Of the fenfihle Soutc^o 

Exr in order is the i'^'/?/^^/<^•^^^^///>5Vvhich is as farre beyond the 
other in dignitie,as a Beaft is preferred to a Plant,hauing thofe Ve 
getall powers included in it/Tis defined snAci of nn organtcall bo^ 
dy , by which it Hues, hat hfen/e^ appetite^ ittdgement^ breath, and 
motion, Hisobiedliingenerallisafenfibleorpailiblequalitie, becaufc the 
fcnfeisaffeaedwichit. The generall Organc is the Braine, from whom 
principally the fenfible operations are deriued. This Senfible Souie is divi- 
ded into tWo parts, ^apprehending or cloving. By the K^pprehenjlu^ 
power we perceaue the Species of Senfible things prefent^or abfent , and re- 
tainc them as waxe doth the print of a Scale. By the (.Moving , the Body 
is outwardly carried from one place to another: or inwardly moucd by Spi- 
rits and Pulfc. TbCi^pprehenfiueFacukk is fubdivided into two parts, 
Jnrvard,0]: Outward, Outward, as the fine ScnCcs, o^Touching , Hearings 
Seetno^ Smelling ^Tapng-^to which you may Scaligers(\xt Senfe of 
TitiUation, if you plcafe, or that o{ Speech, which is the fixt lexternall fcnfc, 
according to LuUius, Inward are thvec. Common fenCe^ Phantajie^ Memory^ 
Thofe fine outward fenfes haue their obied in outwardthings only, & fuch 
as are prefent,as the eye fees no colour except it be at hand , the eare found. 
Three of thefe Senfes are of commodity, Hearing^Sight, and S meli : Two of 
neceffity, Touch^and Tafi^ withoutwhich wee cannot line, Befides the Seft/u 

Part. I . Sc£t. i . Jnatomy of the Souk. Mcmb.i.SubU; 

22 me)powcxis^atueoiPal^iue. Aaiiiein fighc^ theeye fees the colour^ 
Papue when it is hurt by his obica, as the eye by the funne bcames: Accor- 
ding to that Axiom, Vifihile forte Aeflrmtfenfum, Or if the obied be not 
Siehc Pleafing, as a bad found to the eare, a ftinking fmell to the nofe, &c.Of thefe 
' fiue k^^^s^Stght is held to be moft precious, and the beft, and that by rea- 
fon ofhis obica, it fees the whole body at once, by it we Iearne,and diicernc 
all things, a fenfc moft excellent for vfe. To the Stght three things are requi- 
red, th6 Chiea.tht Organ the MedfttmrChz Obtea in generall is rtfiyile, 
or that which is to be fecne,as colours and all fliining bodies. The Medium 
nj^^^^^^^^Jstheilluminationofthcayre^ which comes from "light, commonly called 
m peiipicui. ' Dta^hanum^ for in darke wee cannot fee: the Organ is the Eye, and chief ely 
Lumen aiHce ^ ^ppj^ ofitj which by thofe Oplicke Nerues, concurring both in one,con. 
&P*Sveiesth Organ and Obiea a true 

diftance is required, that it be not too neare, or to farre off. Many excellent 
queOions appertaine to this fenfe, difcufled by philofophers: as whether this 
(jght be caufed Intra mittendo^vel extrk m 'tttendo &c. By receiuing in the 
oSauiT 7 c'l ^^^^^^ Specicsjor fending of them out,which • Plato ^? Plutarch,^ Macrobttu^ 
pUph^dL.^' ^ La^antUs^and others difpute. And befidesitis the (ubiea of the Perjjfe- 
q uexji. de ^iues, of which Alhazen the Arabian^ Vihllio^ Roger Bacon, Bap tffla Porta^ 
xD?frad, Pb'h Gufdus Fba/dus, Aqufiontus &c. haue written whole volumes. 
/0C4. ' Hearmg^^i moft excellent outward ienfe,by vphich we /earne &get knovf' 
Hcanng. ^^^^ pj^^ obiea lis found or that which is heard; the Medium , ayre , Organ 
the eare. To the found, which is a collifion of the ayre, three things are re- 
quired^abody to ftrike,as the hand ofa miifiiian-the body ftroke, which muft 
befolid andableiorefiftjasa bell, lutc-ftring, not wooll,or fpungc* the 
Medium^ the ayre, w^ich is Inivard^ or Outvpardi^i^c outward being ftruckc 
or collided by a folid body ,ftill fh ikes the next ayre, vntill it come to that in- 
ward naturall ayre, which as an exquifit Organ is contained in a litde skinnc 
formed like a drumme head, andftruckevponbycertaine fmall inftruments 
like drumme {lickes,conueies the found by a pairc of Nerues, appropriated 
to that vfe, to the common [enfe, as to a iudge of foiinds.There is great varie- 
* ty and much delight in them, for the knowledge of which confult with Bte^ 
SmcIIin^' /to/, and Other Mufitians. 

' ^* Smelling^ is an outward fenfe which apprehends by the Nojlrills drawing 
in Ayr e*^ And of allthereftitisthcweakeftfcn(einmcn.TheOrganis the 
nofe or two fmall hollow peeces offlefh a little aboue it : the Medium the 
ayre to men, as water to fifh; The 0^/>^f?, .Swr//, arifing from amixc body 
rcfolued, which whether it be a quality, fume,vapor,or exhalation,! will not 
now difpute, or of their differences, and how they are caufed.This fenfe is aa 
{L'ibA9.cj^,z. Organ ofhcalth, as Sight and Hearing, faith ^ Agellitdy are of difcipline,and 
that by avoiding bad fmells,as by choofing good, which doe as much altec 
and afca the body many times, as Diet it fclfe. 
Tafl; Tajl,^ neceflary fenfe, which perceiues all favours by the Tongue andpalat^ 

andthatbymeanes of athinne fpittle ^ or watry tuyce, HisOr^j»is the 
Tongue with his tafting nerues, the Medium a watery iuicc, the ObieSl, Tafl^ 
orfauor,whichisaqualicyin thciuyce, arifing from the mixture of the 
things taftcd. Some make eight Species or kindes of fauours^ bitter, fweetc, 
fharpc, falt,Scc. all which fidke incn(as in an ague)cannoc difcernc,by rcafon 


Part.i.Scd.I. Digrejjionin Anatomy, Memb.i.Subf 7, 

of their organs milaffeded. 2^ 

Touch, the laft of the fenles and moft ignoble, yet of as great nece/Iity as 
the other, and.of as much pleafurc. Thisienfe is cxquifitein men,and by his 
Neriies difperfed all ouer the Body, perceaucs any tactile quality. His Organ 
the N ernes: his ObieB is thofe firft qualities, hot^dry, moift, coidc, and ihofe 
that follow them, hard, foft,thicke, thinne, 5<:c. Many delightfome queftions 
arc moued by Philofophers about thcfe fiue fcnfesj their Organs, Obie<5ls;, 
Mediums^ which for breuity I omit« 

S V B $ E C, 7, 

of the Inward Sen/es, 

Nner Senfes^ are three in number, fo called becaufe they be with- CommoJi 
in the brainc-panne, as Common Senfe, Phantafie, Memory, Their fenic. 
obieds arc not only things prefenr, but they perceaue the feniible 
Species of things to Come, Paft^ ^^hfent^ fiich as were before in 
the Senfe. This common ftnfc isthcludge or Moderator of the reft, by 
whom wee <^irccrne all differences of obieds^for by mine eye I doe not knovy 
that 1 fcCjOr bv mine earc that I heare^but by my commo Scnfe, who iudgeth 
of Sounds, and Colours? they are but the Organs to bring the Species to be 
eenfured, io that all their obieds are his, and all their offices are his; The fore- 
part of the braine is bis Organ or feat- 

Phantafiepx Imagination,which fome C2^ii/Efiimattuef>i Coghatiue(con- phantafic. 
firmed, iaith^Ferne/zus^hy frequent meditation)is an inner fenfe,which doth ^ . . ^ 
more fully examine the Species pcrccaued by common fenfe, of things pre- *^'^-*' 
fent or ab(cnt, and keepes them longer, recalling them to minde againe, or 
making new of his owne. In time of Oeepe this faculty is frce,and many times 
conceaiies flrangc,ftupend,abfurd fliapes^as in ficke men we commonly ob- 
ferue. His Organ is the middle fell ot the braine; hi^ Obiecis all the Species 
communicated to him by the Common fenfe , by comparifon of which he©^ 
faines infinite other vnto himfelfe. \x\ Melancholy men this faculty is moft 
Powerfull and flrong,and often hurts, producing many monftrous and pro- 
digious things,efpecially if it be ftirred vp by fome terrible obied^prefented 
to it from common fenfe, or memory. In Poets and Painters Jmaglnatisn 
forcibly workes,as appenres by their fcuerall fidions,Antickes,Images: As 
Ovids houfe o({\tc^Q,Pfyches palace iny^pule/uSj^c.ln men it is fubied and 
gouerned by Eeafon^ov at leafl fliould be; but in Brutes it hath no fuperior,&: 
is Ratio Brut or tm, all the reafon they haue. 

A/^'«?^'f>',Iayesvp all the Species which the Senfes haue brought inj- and Memor/. 
records them as a good Regifler^ that they may bcforth-comming when 
' they are called for by Phantafie and Reafon.Uis obied is the fame with Fhan- 
t/ijie^hk Seat and Organ the backe part of the braine. 
The affedions of thefe ^enfes, are Sleeps and Waking jComnion toall fen- ^^^.^j^j^j 
1/iblc crcatmes,Sleepe es a rejl or binding of the ontvpard Senfes , and of the the fenfes, 
^^CQmmonfcnfe^fof' thepreferuxtionof Body (iPidSoule,(as S<r<«//g^r defines it; j sUcp, & wa- 
^ for when the tohitnon fenfe refleth, tlfc outward fenfes rcrt alfo. The „ g^'g^^j, j^^^ 
' "Pliantafie al6n(i is freehand his Comma[ndcr,Rcafon;as appeares by thofe I- 


». ■ ■ ' II 11 I ' — I — • 

^art. i,Se£t. i. Jnatomy of the Souk» Memb.i.SubCgJ 

24 maginary Dreames^which arc of diucrs kmdcSyNaturaU'^ Divine^ BAWoni^ 
call drc.whkh vary according toHumorspiet,Aaions,Obieas&c.of which 
ArumidorusfArdAnus^ and Samhucus^ with their feuerall Interpretations, 
haue written great volumes. This hgation of Senfes, proceeds from an in- 
hibition of Spirits, the way being flopped by which they ihould come, 
this flopping is caufed of vapors arifing out of theflomacke, i\\yin^ the 
Nervcs,by which the Spirits fhould be conveyed. When thefe vapors 
arcfpent, thepaflage isopen, and the Spirits performe their accuftomed 
duties, fo that Wakwg U the aoiion and motion of the Senfes, which the Spi- 
rits difperfedouer dU pArts^cAuJcj. 

SV ^SB c. 8. 

of the LMoulngf Acuity. 

His Mouing F Acuity^ is the other power of the Senfttliie foule '^ 
vjhich cRuCcihaWthofc Inrvard Md Outr):^ard animal motions ik 
/^^-^i?^. It is divided into two Faculties, the power o{ Appetite^ 
and of r^iduingfrom place to place, This of appetite is threeiold, fo 
fomev/illhaiteit, iV^^/zr^//, as it fignifies anyfuch inclination, as of a ftone 
to fall downardj and fuch anions as Retention^Expul/ion^wh'ich depend not 
of Senfe, but are Fegetallj as the Appetite of meate, and drinke, hunger and 
thirfl. Senjitiue is common to Men and Brutes. Voluntary ^ the tliird or in- 
telleaiue, which commands the other two in men^and is a curbe vnro them, 
or at leaft fhould be; but for the mofl part is captiuated and ouer-ruled by 
them: andmenareledlikebeaflsby fenfe, giuing reinesto their concupit 
cenccaadfeueralllufls.Forby this Appetite the foule is led or inclined, to 
follow that good which the Senfes fball approue, or avoidc that which they 
hold euill: his obie6l being good or euill, the ore he embraceth , the other 
he reicdeth.-according to that h.^\\on{^m(ipmniaappetunt honum^ things 
feeke their owne good, or at Icaftfeeming good. This power is infcpa* 
rable from fenfe, for where fenfe is, there is likewife pleafurc and paine„ 
His Organ is the fame with the Common fenfe ^ and is diuided into two pow-* 
crs, or inclinations, Concupifcible or Irafcible:or (as ^ one tranflates it ) Coue- 
T w lefuitc ^^^^"^ ^^^'* i^'^^^^^gy^^ Impugning. Comupifcihle couets alwaies picafanc 
iti hi, pa(r,5s and delightfomc thingS5and abhorresthat which is di(laftefull,harrh,and vn- 
oii^<^ mmit.-^Xt^imulrafciblejy quajtaverfans per iram(^ oditmy as avoiding it with 
yf^clcma. anger and indignation. Allaffedions and perturbations arife out of thefe 
two fOuntaines,which although the Stoickes make light of,we hold naturall, 
and not to be refifted.The good affedions are caufed by fomc obied of the 
lame nature, and if prcfent, they procure ioy, which dilates the Heart, and 
preferucs the bodyrlfabfentjthey caufe H opCjLoue, Dedre, a nd Concupif- 
cence. The Bad avQ Simple or mixt: S/w/?/<f forfomebad obied prefent, as 
forrow which contrads the Heart, macerates the Soule, fubverts the good 
edarcofthe Body, hindering all the operations of it, caufmg Melancholy, 
and mmy times death icfelfe; or future as FearcOjtofthefe two arife thofe 
mixt-affedions, & paO[i(3ns of Anger, which is a defire of reucnge , Hatted 
whichisinuetcrateangerjZeak which is offended with him who hurts that 
' he 


Part>i.^ca.i« Anatomy of the SquL Memb.i. Subf.5 

heloues,and S^<./fe^./* acompoundeffFedionofloyan 
reioyccatothermensmifchicre.and^reRrciuedattheir prolpcricv • Pride 
Selle-loue, Emulation, Envy, Shame,&c.of which elfewhere 

CMovmg from place topUce^ is a faculty neceflTirily following the other 
For in vaine were it otherwife to defirc and to abhorrc, if we had not JikewifJ 
poiver to profecute or efchue, by mouing the body from place to place: by 
this faculty therefore wee locally moue the body, of any part of it and 
goe from one place to another. To the better performance of which 'three 
things are requifitrThac which moues. By what it moues, That which'is mo- 

lied. That vvhichiiioues,is either the Efficientcaure,or End end is the 
obiea,which IS defircd or efchewed^as in a dogge to catch a hare&c The effi- 
cient caufe m man is Reafo^, or his lubordinate Phantafie, which apprehends 
good or bad obied; in Brutes ImagmatU^ aIone,which moues xh^ Appetite^ 
the Appeute this, faculty , which by an admirable league of Nacire and 
by mediation ot tne fpirits, command the Organ by which it moues • and 
ihatconfills ofNerues Mufclcs, Cords, difDerfed through the whole bo- 
dy, contra(5lca andre^xedas the fpiritswill, whichmouethe Mufcles, 
or - Nerues in the Midft of them,and draw the cord,& ioper confeauem the •a.rvi i nH. 
ioynt,to the place intended.That which is moued,is the body,or f >me mem- I • 
bcr apt to moue- The motion ofthe Body is diners, aseoina iuinninp |ea/^'''«'"''^««''- 
ping,dancing,fitting, and fuch like, referred to the predicament of 
Wormescreepe,Birdsfiie,Finiesfwimme5and foofparts, ti^e chiefe of 
which IS i?.y^/>4//..3 or breathing, and is thus performed. The outward 
Aire IS drawne in by the vocdl Artery fent by mediation ofthe Midriffe 

totheLungs which dilating themfelucsasapaircofbellowes, reciprocally 
fetch It in, and fend it out to the heart to coole it: and from thence now be- 
inghot conveyicagaine,ftilhakinginfref[i. Suchalike motion is that of- 
the Pulfe^ of woich, becaufe many haue written whole Bookes,! will fay no. 
thing. ^ 

S V B s B c T. ^, 


N the precedent Subfc(5^ions, I haue anatomized thofe^ inferior 

MfuilU^ea (as ^ onz tearmesit) and wVthc likecS^St 
, y difcufled. Many erroneous opinions are about ''^*>^'''^*'^' 

the Mence and originall of it, whether it be fire, as Zeno heldi harmony as 
^rifloxer^us'.mr^^^^ j^J^^^^ 

mcalljfeated in the Brair>e, Heart, or Bloodsmortall or immortally hovV it b 
comes into ihebody ^ome hold that itis ex traduce, as PhiU,i, deAntmk ^''^'Wso^. 
rW/i4;.,<^^^^^ ^^^^"^ man begets ano'. ^w'^^?^ 

ther. Body and foule: or as a candle from a candle, to be produced fiom the ^ ub, mmmi 
leed c Gden fuppofeth the foule Cr^in ejfe^ to bee the Temodrature it felfe f'^'f'-^'^* 
Trff^^egsJlusM ^yrus, Ep/.&Anc7s 

itetus.wm the Chddees and zMgyptians^ affirmed the foule to be imm'or- 
tall, as did thofe Britan t Druiks of old. The i fyth.gotUm defend Me- t^'Z^^^ 

Parti.Sedl.i. JnatomjoftheSoule. 


26 umpfychofis, and PaimgeaefiafiiSit Souks goc from one body to another^ai 
men into Wolues, Beares, Dogges, Hogges, as they were inclined ia thek 
liueSjOr participated in conditions. 

< in^fertms 

*Ovid.mtt.i 5. poffkmas ire domuSy pecudum^ in corpora condi, 

cinGallo. ^ Iffcians CockwasEr{\ Euphorbus a Captainc: 

jU'e ego(nam memini)Troiani tempore belli ^ 
Panthoides Euphorhus eram^ 
(Tiicepherui ^ horfe,a nian, a fpunge. ^ Julian the Apoftata,thought Alexanders Soul was 
hifi, lib.io defcended into his hodyiPlato in Tifnao^ and in his Ph£don(^ox ought lean 
pcrceiue ^differs not much &om this opinionjthat it was from God at firft,Sc 
knew alljbut being inclofed in the Body, it forgets, and learncs anew,vvhich 
he calls reminifcentia, or recalling, & that it was put into the body for a pu, 
nifhmentjand thence it goes into a beafts, or mans, as app/cares by his plea- 
(ant fidion difortttione ammarumjith, io.de rep.^ after 8 looooy eares i& to 
%Vbadro. returnc into the former body againe, 
t ciaudm lib. f poji vatios annos^per miUeJiguraSy 

iJe ia[),?tO' Ruffus ad humana ftrtur primordia vit^. 

Others deny the immortality of it,which Pojnponatius of Padua decided out 
of Arifiotle^ not long {\nce.Plinius K^'vunculuscap- y.lib.2' Hb.j.cap.'^'^, 
Seneca lib.j.epifl ad Lucilium.epifl .'^%'tDicearchus in T uH.Tufc. Epicurus^ A*, 
r at us ^Hippocrates fialen^ Lucretius lib. / , 

{PrAtereagigni par iter cum corpore^^ vn}, 
Crefcere fentimus^pariter^ fenefcere mentem ) 
H£c qu4io AverroeSj^l knotv not how manyNeotericks.T<&// c[uefltopfthe Immorta- 
malm per an- lity of the Soule, is diver Ify and vponderfrUy impugned dr difputed, efpecially 
mllblikerim- ^^^^g^^ Italians of late, {avCa lab. Colems UbM immort. animate ap.i.^hc 
pugnata &c. Popes thcmfelucs haue doubted of '%L€0 Decimus that Epicurean Pope , as 
t cukxm ibid, -j- record of himjCaufed this queftion to be difcufifed pro and con before 
him, and concluded at Iaft,as a prophaine and atheifticall Moderator^ with 
thatverfeof Cornelius G alius, 

Et re^it in nihilum, quodfuit ante nihil. 
* De tcciefJog beganne of nothing, and in nothing it ends. Zeno and his Stoickes,as ^ Ju^ 
cap. 16. 7?/A? quotes him, fuppofed the Soulefo long to continue, till the Body was 
fully putrified, and refblued into materia prima: but after that , infumos ^- 
vanefcerCjio be extinguifhed and vanifh; and in the meane time, whileft the 
body was confuming^it wandrcd all abroad,d"V longinq^uo multaannunciare, 
and^as thatClazomenianHermotimusawcxrcdjCaw pretty vifions, and fuffc- 
red I know not what, 
j Ovid. 4 SMet. t Errant exangues fine corpore ^ ofiibus umbr^. 

Others grant the immortality thereof, but they make many fabulous fidions 
in the meane time of it, after the departure from the Body:like Plato's Elijtan 
h bamm La- Jlgi^ics^^and that Turkie Paradi/e.The Soules of good men they deified ; the 
Ift^vT&u- (f^^^^ ^ AuHin) became devils, as they fuppofed^ with many fuch abfurd 
mures. tenets,which h e hath confuted- Hierome^ AuHin^ and other Fathers of the 
'/to/fome^^"'^^^5 hold that the is immortall, created of nothing, and fo 
fix weekesj o- infu fed into rhe Child or £«a^r/^? in his mothers wombe, fix naoneths aftcf 
thcrs other- the ' conceptionj not as thofc of Brutcs , which are ex traduce^ and dying 

Partei.Sed'i. Jmtomy of the Soule, Memb.t.Siibfp^ 

with them, vanifh into nothing.To whofc divine Treatifes,and to the Scrip= 27 
tures themfelues, I rejournc all fuch Atheifticall fpirits^as T nlly did ^tticuSy 
doubting ofthis point, to PUto^s Pha^on, Or if they delire Philofophicall 
proofesanddemonlkationSjIrcferrethem to Niphus ^ Nic. Faventims 
tracts ofthis fubied. To fr<«». and in d/grejjifup,^^. deAnima, 
7 halofinusy EugubintiS^To,Sotofianus^ThofMaSjPerejiuSyD undinus^CoUrus^ 
to that elaborat trad in Zamhius^to Tolets 60 reafons, and Leftus 2 2 argu- 
mcnts^to prone the immortality of the SoulcCampane^/a lib deSenfu rerum^ 
is large in the lame dircoiirle,^//^^?-^/^*/ the Schooteman^ Ucob: NaBantus, 
Tom,i $p, handleth it in foure queftions, Antony Brttnus^ Aonius Palearius^ 
Marinus MarcennuSt with many others.This Reajonable Soule^y^\iid\ Auflin 
calls a fpirituali fubrtance, moiling itfclfe,is defined by Philofophers to bee 
the firfl f»b ft ant tall A^ of % Nat mall Hum an ^ Organicdl "Body^ by vphich a 
man Imes^percemes ^und 'vnderftands freely doing althings^andvpith eleciion. 
Out of which definition wee rriay gather, that this Rationall Soule includes the 
powers ^and performes the dueties of the two other, which are contained in 
it,and all three Faculties make one Sode^ which is inorganicall of it felfc al- 
though it be in all parts, and incorporcall, vfing their Organs, and working 
by them.li is divided into two chiefe parts,dififering in office only, not in Et- 
fence.The Vnderfianding which is the Ratioml^ov^ er apprehendmg^xhc rptl^ 
which is the Rationall power raoutng , to which two, ail the other Rationall 
powers are fubicd and reduced, 

SvBsEc. 10. 

Of theVnderflanding^ 

NderHanding is a fowerof the foule^ ^ by vphich vpee perceiue^ 
knmw, remember^ andiudge afvpell Singulars^ ^svmverfals\ha-\i/n\(ff,;^Qfi^ 
uing cert mine innate notices or beginnings of arts ^ a refle6iing 
aciionjyj which it iudgeth ofhts owne doings ^ and examines them* 
Out of this definition (befides his chiefe office,which is to apprehend, iudge 
all that he performes,without the helpe of any Inftruments or Organs^^ three 
differences a:>peare bf twixta Man and a beaft. As firft, the fenfe only com- 
prehends Singularities^ theVnderftanding Vniverfalities, Secondly, the 
fenfe hath no innate notions:Thirdly, Brutes cannot refle<5t vpon themlelues. 
Bees indeed make neat and curious wbrkes, and many other creatures be- 
fides, but vvhen they haue done, they cannot iudge of them. His obie<5i: is 
Gbd;£»^,all nature,'and whatfoeucr is to be vnderftood: which fuccefliuely 
it apprehends. The obiedl fiift mouing the 'under (landings is fomc (enfible 
thing, after by difcourfing, the Minde findes out the corporeal! fubftance, 
and from thence the fpirituali, Hisadions (fomefay) are Apprehenfwn^ 
Compojition^'DivifionyDtfcot^rfing^Reafoning^ CMemory ^ which fbmc in- 
clude in and //^^(^^'/w^/'^. The common Divifions arc of the Vn- 
der (landing; ^^gent^ and Patient^ Speculatiue^ and Pra&icke-^n Habite or in 
Simple or Compound, The Agent is that which is called the Wit of Man , 
acumen or f\ihnky,lharpnejfe of invention , when he doth inuent of himlclfe 
without a Teacher,orlearncs anew, which abftrads thofe intelligible Spc- 1 
cics from the Pliantafie, and transferrcs them to the palTiue Vnderflanding, 

D 2 becanft 

Part i.Sed.i. 

Jmtomy of the Souk, 




m The pure 
part of the 

2g i becaufe there is nothing in the Vnderflanding, rohich -was not jirfi in the 
imhMmnid. ^<r»/^; that which the Imagination hath taken from the Senfe 5 this Kyigent 
prfiilfmfnr iudgcth ofj whether it be true or falfe^ and being fo iiidged he commits it to 
the Papi;k to be kept.Thc Jgent is a Dodor or tcacher,the Pafiue a fchol^ 
ler; and his office is to kecpe and farther iudgc offuch things as are commit- 
ted to his charge; as a bare and rafcd table at M, capable of all formes and 
notions. Now thefe Notions are two-fold, ^ ^fons or Habits: Adions, by 
which wee takeNotions of, and perceiue thingsj K«^/>/, which are durable 
lights and notions, which wee may vfe when wee will. Some reckon vp eight 
kindes oi^l^SenfeyEx^erience ^Intelligence ^TAith^Su/f'm^ 
Science-^Q which are Mt^Art^Vrudemy,wi^dome\^% dMo^SyntereJispiilA" 
men rationiSyConfcience-^^o that in all there bee 14 Species of the rnderfian^ 
dingyoiwhich fomc are innate^ as the three laft mentionedjthe other are got 
by dodrinejlearning^Si \k,Plato will haue all to be innate; Arifiotle reckons 
vp but fiue intelleduall V{cihix.s:i\wo Jpeculatiue ^^sih^ii Intelligence of the 
principles ^and Science of conclufiom Two praclickj^s Vrudency^ whofe ende 
is to pradifejt^r/ to fabricate J to comprehend the vfe and expe- 

riments of all notions and habits whatfbeuer. Which divifion of L^^riflotle 
(if it be confidered aright)is all one with the precedent 5 for three being in- 
nate^and fiue acquifite^the reft are improper,imperfect , and in a more ftrid 
examination excluded. Of all thefe I fhould more amply dilate, but my fub- 
ied will not permit. Three of them I will only point at^as more neceflary to 
iny following Difcourfe, 

Synterefispt the purer part of the Confcience^is an innate Habit, and doth 
fignifie a confervation of the knowledge of the Lm of God drNature^to knorv 
good or evill ; And ( as our Divines hold^ it is rather in the Vnderftanding^ 
then in the ^///.This makes the rmior propofition, in a pradickc Syllogifme. 
The DiSlamen rAtionis is that which doth admonifh vs to do Good, or Evil, 
& is the minortin the Syllogifme, The Cofcience is that which approucs Good 
or Evil, iuftifying or condening our Adions,& is the Conclufion of the Sy^Lo- 
gifme:KS in that familiar example of Regulta the RomAn^i^aVtn prifoner by the 
Carthaginians^^ fuflfcred to go to Rome.on that condition he fliould returne 
againe,or pay fb much for his ranfome. The Synterefts propofeth the quefli- 
on,his word,oath,promife,is to be religioufly kept,although to his cnimie,& 
n^oitibi that by the law of Nature. " Doe not that to another ^vohich thou would/l not 
nnmvU,(tiuri haue hnetothyfelfeX>i6lame2LY^\\ts it to himjfic didates thisor the like; Re- 
netectm, gulfts^thovL wouldft not another man fhould falfifie his oath , or breake pro- 
mife with thee; Confcience concludes, thecefore Regnlm , thou doft wellto 
performe thy promife,and oughteft to keepe thine oath. More of this in Re* 
ligious Melancholy, 

Svbsect. II. 
Cf the fviU. 

lUjis the other power ofthe rational Soule , o vphich covet sor 
voids fuch things as haue beene before iudged, andaff rehendedby 
the vnderftanding. If good, it appcoues 5 if evill,it abhorres it fo 
thathisobiediseithergoodorevill • Arifiotle cskxhxsmi rat/^ 

{lu mmfkatas 
recipit vel reii- 
ciCia^probat. vel 
lip.ignoti nulla 

Part.i.Sed.i. JnatomyoftheSoule, Memb.i.Subf i 

Cfiall Appetite fox: as in the Senfitiue , we are inoued ro good or bad by our 2 9 
Appetite ^rukd and dircdcd bySenfejfoin this wee are carried by 
BeiideSjthe Senfitiue Appetite hath a particular obie6^,good or bad : this an 
vniverfalUmmatejiall: That rcfpeds only things dele*^able and pleafant, this 
Honeft. AgainCjthey differ in liberty. The Senfuall appetite feeing an obiedt, 
if it be a convenient good.cannot but defireitjif evilljavoid it: but this is free 
in his Eflence, P much novo depraved, , ohfcured^ andfalne from his firft perfe- 
aion-^yet in fime of his operations Hill free ^^s to goe^walke^moue at his plea- o^rltme^ie. 
fure,and to choofe whether it will doe ^ or not doe j fteaIe,or not fteale. O- >uoiq^ fmtfi 
therwife in vaine were Lawes^DeliberationSjExhortations, Counfells, Pre- '^fef j'^^ 
cepts,Rewards,Promifcs, Threates,and Punifhments : and God fhould bee^ ''^ 
the Author of ilnne. But in q fpiritiiall things we will no good,prone to euill ^//J^^^^f^ 
f'cxcept wc be regcnerate,and led by the Spirit) we are egged on by our na- i, iphtuaiibus, 
rural! concupifccncc , and there is , a confufion in our powers, our ofmder. 
whole WiU is Averfe from God andhis Law.not in naturall things onely , as ^^^"[^ JVof* 
to eat and dririke,lu(t , to which wc are led headlong by our temperature, omm homo 
and inordinate Appetite, ^ 
^ Nec nos ohniti contra/iec tender e trntum 


wee cannot rcfift , our concupifcence is originally bad , our Heart evill, the 

feat of our Affcdions,captiuates and enforceth our will. So that in voluntary 

things we are averfe from God and goodnellc , bad by Nature , by ^ igno- 1 ^ ^ipr^pteng-, 

ranee worfe,by Arf,Difcipline,Cuflome,we get many bad Habits/uffcring 

them to domineere and tyrannize ouer vs^and the Divell is ftill ready at hand fn Mftmaa 

with his cvillfuggcftions, to tempt our depraued vvill.tofomeill ^ifpofed ^J^.^J^<JJ^^* 

a6iion,to precipitate vs to deftruaion : except out mllhee not fwayed and l^^tilZcHita. 

counterpoiled againe,with fome divine precepts , and good motions of the 

Spiritjwhich many times reftraine,hinder5and checke vs,when we are in the 

full careere of our difloiiitc courfes. So D4'z//icorre6ted himfelfe , when hee 

had^Wat a vantage. Revenge and Malice were as two violent oppugners 

on the one fide; but Honefty^ReligionjFeare of God, with-held him on the 


The Anions of the Willare relief NoUe.iO will & nill.- which two words 
comprehend all,and they are Good or Bad,accordingIy as they are direded„" 
and fome of them freely performed by hiimfelfe , although the Stoicks abfo. 
Jutely deny it,and will haue all things ineuicably done by Deftinj , impofing 
a fatall neccflity vpon vs , which we may not refift; yet we fiy that our will is 
free in rcfped of vs, and things contingent , howfoeucr in refped of Gods 
determinate counlclljthey are ineuitable and neceflary . .Some other adions 
ofthefT/'// are performed by the inferiour powers, which obey him as the 
Senfitiue and M cuing K^ppetite^3iS to open our eyes,to goe hither and thi- 
ther ,not to touch a booke , to fpeake faire or foule : but this Appetite is ma- 
ny times rebellious in vs.It was(as I faid)oncc well agreeing with reafon,and 
there was an excellent cone cnt and harmony betwixt them , but that is no w 
diflbluedjihey often iarrc, Rea/on'is owtxhoxnthy Pa j^ion: 

Fertur equis auriga^nec audit currm habenas^ 
as (b inany wild horfcs runne away with a chariot , and will not be curbed. 
Wee know many times what is good^but will not doc it,as fhec faid. 

Part. I . Scet, I . Jmtomf of the Souk Memb.3 .SubCi.' 

30 ^ Trahit invitm nova vU^ almd^ cnfHo^ 

M Medea Ovid. Mens aliudfmdet, • 

Liidc counfels one thing^reafon another,there is a new reludatiq^ in men. 

f t)vid. t Odi^nec fojptm^cuptens nonejf t^cjuod odi. 

X SencM Bipp. vVc cannot rcfiftjbuc as Phadra confeflcd to her Nurfe,'^ loq^uerU^ veri 
ffint/edfttrorfuggertt fequifetora: Shee faid well and truc,fhe did acknow- 
ledge itjbut head-ftrong paflion and fury , made her to doe that which was 
oppofite. So David knew the filthinefle of his fad^what a loathfome,fouIe, 
crying finne Adultery was^yet notwichftanding he would commit murther, 
and take away another mans wifej enforced againft Rcafbn,Religion^ to fol- 
low his Appetite. 

Thofe Naturall and VegeuU powers , are not commanded by will at aI/5 
for who cm adde one cubhe to his ftature ? Thefe other may, but are not; and 
thence come all thofe head-ftrong Paflions , violent perturbations of the 
Minde; And mv=iny times vitious Habits, cuftomes/erall Difeafes, becaufc wc 
eiue fo much way to our Appefite^md follow our inclination , like Co many 
beads. The principall Hai^ifs are two in number, rertue and Ffce, whcfe pe- 
culiar Definitions,Defcriptions,Differences,and kindes, are handled at large 
in the Ethicks^md are indeed the fubiedl of MoraU Phtlo/o^hie, 

M E M B, 5. 

S V B S B C T. I. 

Definhton of Melancholy^ Name^ Difference, 

Auing thus briefly Anatomized the Body and Soule of Man , as a 
• preparatiue to the reftj I may now freely proceed to treat of my 
i intended fubie(5i;,to moft nKns capacity ,and after many ambages, 
' perfpicuoufly define what this Melancholy is,(hew his Name^ and 
y^klanchjlleos ^{^''^'^f^. The A'-iw^^ is impofed from the matter , and the Difeafedeno- 
vecams, quos minated from the materiall caufe: as 'Sruel QhCctucs,UiKn9^\ia -i^^'^fi 
"^ZlTsMeilt black Choler. And whether it be a caufe or an effea, a Difeafe, or 

cboiMua male Sym^tomCyltt Donatus ^Itomarf^^fZnd Salviariffs dccidc)y I will notcon- 
iMarTveiin ^^"^^ '^^^ ^^^'^ feverall Dcfcriptions , Notations , and Definitions, 
omnibus [velin ^ FrAcdjloriud in his fecond booke of Intellcv5t,calls thofe Melancholy^ whom 
plfibusiirgma alfundaace of thatfime depraved humor of Uacke choler hath fo mifaffeSied, 
tSmmktc, if^^^^^^y^^c^^^^'^d thence, and dote in mo fl things, or in all, be longing ta 
voiu3tatem,per- ele^ion^rviU^or other manifejl operations of the Vnderflarjding, * Melanelim 
w ''idh^^ oiGakn^Ruffus^JEtiu^ defcribe it to be 4 bad and f€eut% Difeafe, which 
umut o^Vr ^^^^^ degenerate into heap: Galen,a privation or infeclion of the mid- 
thneu die ceil of the H ead^d'c . defining it from the part afFctaed,which ^ Hercules dt 
^fffi^«t S^xonia^^^iouzsjib, i.c^/^.i ^.calling it a depravation of the principall fun- 
mrbim,quiho^^io^: Fuchjtus lib,i,cap,2'^,K^rnoldtis BreviarJib.i*cap,i^.Guian€riHs, and 
A^'^wrt^^^^^^^^ P^^Z/^^^^^-j-. Halyabba4 fimply callsita 

Tmh!u'L^'^^^^^f<>^ ^f^^^ »itnd,',^retxiis, ^ a perpetuall snguifh ofthe joule fafined on 


P^trcioSed.i. Definition of <^ela^choly,&c» Memb 3.Sub£A, 

kinde f dotage nvithout a feaver ^having fir his ordinary companions ,feare^ ^ I 
jindfadnejp, -without any apparantoccajion. So doth Laurent ins cap, 4. Pifo, 
lib,i,cap,^l.Donatm Altomarm cap,'], art. medic. lacchinm in com. in lib.<^, 
drc Which common dcfinition,howfbeuer approiied by vnoi\^^ Hercules de ccap.i6M. j, 
Saxonia will not allow of^nor David Crufim,Theat.morb.HermJtb,2.cap .6, 
he holds it vnfiifficieni: as ^ rather fherving what it is not ^then what it is : as i Eommdt^nU 
omitting the fpecificall diffcrence,the phantafie and Braine : but I defcend to 
^micuUis,Thx fu^nmumgenffs IS Dotage^ot Angufjho/the minae^hith Are- quid [it 
teus 5 ofaprincipaU part, Hercules de Saxonia^dcs , to diilinguifh it Irom ^x^^icat. 
Cramp and Palfie,and fuch difeafes as belong to the outward Senfe and mo- . ^ 
nons( depraved) t to dif^inguifh it from Folly and Madnefferwhich Montal. l^^l^^^tnfm, 
tm makes angor animi to feperate) in which,thofe fundions are not dcpra- tw u fmitaie, 
ved^but rather abolifhed C without an ague ) is added by alL to fever it from ^ /'^*'«'" 
Phrenjie^and that Melancholy ^wmch is in a peltncnt Feauer. (Feare and Sor- turfoium hme^ 
row) make it differ from Madnejfe( without a caufe ) is laQly inferred to fpe- i<"fchdia. Here. 
cifie it from all other ordinary paOfions of Feare and Sorrow, Wee properly 'llaajl'^Mdan. 
call that Dotage^diS^ Laurentim mtcrpvcts ii^whenfomeone principal facul- ecap.^JeMeU 
tie of the minde^ds Imagination^or reafon is corrupted ^ as all Melancholy per- 
fons haue. It is without a Feauer,becaufe the humour is mofl part cold & dry, 
contrary to putrefadion. Feare and Sorrow are die true Charaders,and in- 
feparnblc companions ot moft Melancholy ^01 all^as Her. de Saxonia jTra6i, 
poflhumo de Melancholia.^ cap. 7, well excepts, for to Ibme it is moft pleafant, 
as to fuch as laugh moft part ^ fome are bold againe , and free from all man- 
ner offcarc and griefe,as hereafter fhall be declared, 

S V B S E C T. 2. 

of the part affe^led, K^ffeciion, Parties affeBed, 

,Ome difference I finde amongft Writers , about the principall tP^f<'«/«'»/«« 
•02X\. afteded in this difeafc.v/hether it be the Braine Heart , or fcdf^S'/! 
fome other Member. Moft are of opinion , that it is the Braine: g sec.j. demr, 
for being a kinde of D^7/4^^,it cannot otherwife bee , but that the ^^^^^f^f^^ 
Brame muft be a{fe(5i:ed,as a Similar part,be it by t confent or EJfence , not in unchoiM, 
his Ventricles 5 or any obftrutlions in them , forthenit would bean Apo-icafs.c/eAff/. 
pIexie,or Epilepfie,as ^ Latirentim well obferues ; but in a cold dry diftem- ^.X^I^^e^lf, 
perature of it in his fubftance,which is corrupt and become too cold , or too cmfenium , Hv% 
dry^or-clfc too hot , as iti mad-men , and fuch as are inclined to it ; and this ^^^^^^^^^ 
^ Hippocrates con(\]:mcs,Galen^Arabians,and moft of our new writers.^^r- lToce"fmaHaa- 
CM de Oddis(m a confultation of his,qiioted by ^ Hildifheim) and fiue others "i^ate & ram-^ 
there cited, are of the contrary part*, becaufe Feare and Sorrow , which are ^^/fff 
paiIions,be feated in the Heart. But this obiedion is fufficisntly anfw ercd Mia, C9, veto 
by i Mont alt m^vMo doth not deny that the Heart is affeded (as ^ Mekneltta ^f- 
proues out oiGalen) by reafon of his vicinity^ and fo is the Midrijfe^U many '^Ir'!^^ 
other parts. They doc eompati^ax\d haue a fellow feeling by the Law of Na- trtmfm(nm re 
ture.-butforasmuchas this malady is caufed by precedent ^^(igf^^^^^^^y^^'^J^^^^^ 
with the Appetite,to whom Spirits obcy,^and are fubxed to thofe principall esrc. 


„ ^ , — I II I. , 

Pirt. I , Se6t. I , Of the parts affcElel&c. Memb.;,Suba. 

3.2 parts: the Bnme inuft needs primarily be mifafifeaed, as the feat of Reafon^ 
1 Uki.cap.io, and then the Heart , as the feat of Affecilon , I Capivaccim, and Adircurialis^ 
^£ltum iL copioufly difcuffed this queftion, and both conclude the fubied is tliq 
rws.r Inner BrahCymd from thence it is communicated to the Hl?^r/,and other in- 

fetiourparts,vvhichfympathizc and are much troubled, cfpecially when it 

comes by confent^and is caufed by reafon of the Stomacke,oi myrache,zs the 
m Km 'K ,n ^^-^^^^^^ tcanm it, whole BodyXiver^or Spleen, which are feldome free, 
TumTeTef*lit Py/oru^yMcfir/acke Keines^drcVoi our Body is like a Clockc, if one whcele 
ikr,ii,qm bf>c amil]e,all the reft are dirordered,thc whole Fabrick fulferss with fuch ad- 
^m_bo affia'.nr, ^^^^^^^ ^ ^^^^ Harmony is a man compofed , fuch excellent proportion^ 

afeaus. as Lodov^cm Fives in his Fable of man hath elegantly declared, 
n See vmatum "^any doubts almoft aiife about the " AffeBton : whether it be Imagi" 
ab Aliomar. mtton 01 Rexfon alonCjOr both. Hercules de Saxonia proues it out of Gden^ 
o vwdtai ima- c-^^^'<^ia"d K^ltomarus^xhAt the fole fault is in o Imagination. Bruel is of 

thclameminde;A/^;?/^/-f^inhis fecond Chapter ot Melancholy ^conHitcs 
lHiindt,mc me- j-j^j^ jcnct of theirs^and illuflrates the contrary ,by many examplcs;as of him, 
Z that thought himfelf^ a rhel-fifh; of a Nunne,and ofa defperate Monke^thac 

p Ltb z, Fen.i' wouId not be perfwadedjbut that he was damned. Re^j/o» was in fault as wel 

35 Imagination, ^nHcXi did not correal this error-they make away themfclues 
tiL^eZap. oftentimcs^and fuppofe many abfurd and ridiculous thirfgs.W hy doth not 
'X9.paH.ir''ac. Reafon deted die Fallacy, fettle & per(wade,iffhebe free? P Avicenna there- 
VHiiTtsim fore holds both corrupt, to whom moft Arabians fubfcribe. Thefanieis 
(piceU.de Me- maintained by 1 Aretem^Gordonitufiuianertmj&c, To end the controver- 
latichoi.fui Z07. f^e^no man doubts o'l Imagination }yv\i that it is hurt and mifaffeded here ; for 
^ ^"[A^^li^m the other I determine with ^ t^lbertinm Bottonm a Dodor of Padua jhat it 
Kattonain fiaf-ism^kin Imagination^andaftervpards in Rea/on'^iftheDf/eafe be inveterate^ 
feBus invetera- q^. ^ifis more or leffe of continuance: but by accident, as * Here, de Saxonia 
Tjllpofihums a^^z%-Jaithj)pinion4tfcourfe^ ratiocination, are allaecidentally depraved by 
de Me'a'ich. the default of Imagination. 

'tavm°'fdll To the part affeded,! may here addc the parties^ which fh^ll be more op- 
diCc»rfi*s.opmo', portunely fpokcn of elfewherc,now only fignified. Such as haue the Moone^ 
f^c ptf vhium ^aturne^ Mercury milaffedred in their genitures, fiich as Hue in ouer-cold , or 
iTAcdJentl 'oucr-hot Climes: Such as are borne Melancholy parents: as offend in 
Parties atfe- thofe fixnon-naturalhhings^areblackjOrof an high fanguine complexion, 
t that haue little heads.that haue a hot Heart,moift Brainei hot Liucr,& cold 
ciipihabcnhin- ftomacke^haue been long ficke: fuch as are folitary by nature,great Students, 
jeafati pieriq, gjuen to much contemplation,idle3 lead a life out of adion , are moft fubied 
^hy'iognoniia to Melancholy. Of Sexes both , but men more often ; yet " women mifaffec* 
u Areteusiib.^. ted^are farre more vlolent,and grieuoufly troubled. Offeafbns of the ycare, 
da- ^utumne is moft melancholy. Of peculiar times , old age, from which 
^timfti^t. Aret. naturall Melancholy isalmoft an infeparable accident^ but thisartificiall Ma« 
Mediiscommn\2^^^Q{^ more frequent in fuch as are ofa ^middle age. Some afligne 40 
yDfqufrmo . ye^res^Gariopontus lojubertus excepts neither young nor old from this ad- 
z vmm ttd vcntitious. z^tius and ^retem afcribe into the number not onely difcon- 
Mekncho'tam^ fg^ted^paponate^andmiferable perfon%^ fwarthy, blach^ but fuch as are moH 
fed&hiiark ' merry and pleafantfioffers,and high coloured. Generally ^^awh. Rhafis^^the fi- 


tes^rrifores , &(im\>lmmq^pAmbn [tint, a ^iptnt fubtilis 'mgemii& muh<e per^kacitatU defacilimciditnm MelmboGami 


ParCLv^ed:.!. - Matter of Melancholy, Meilib.3.Subf.4, 

nefl vpits^andmoft generoHi Jpirits^ are before others ohnoxiom to it j fo that 3 3 
1 cannot except any complexion,any condition, fexe, or age, but ^ looks & 
5/i'/V/&/,which according to ^^^j/zir^ay, are neue.r troubled with any manner 
of pa)(Iion,but as ^mcreons cicadA' ^fine /anguine ^ dolorejimilesfere dijs lorecaptur.Em 
funt, Erafmus vindicates fooles from this Melancholy Catalogue , becaufe ^"f^J^^^ ^^j^-^ 
ihey haue moft part moift braines,and light hearts^^i they are free from nmh't- a vacm con- 
tion^envie^^ame and fear e^t hey are neither troubled in confcience^ nor mace. cai'w^- 
rated vptth cares ^to tvhich our vphole life k/o much fubiecl, ^m^Zc vfS'- 

tur. nec dilace- 

S V B S E C T. 4o """'f*^ 

tola vita ob- 

Of the matter of Melancholy^ mwe/i. 

F the Matter ohMeUncholy , there is much cjueftion betwixt o</- ^ ^.^ ^ ^^^^ 
vicemnd Galen , as you may read iv\^ Cardans Contradiclions,^o3i}iJ.%f ° 
f Valeftm controverfies, CMontanus^ Projper Calemis.^Capivacci- ii^tb.xxmt.zu 
u^, S Bright J h Ficinus, that haue written cither whole Trads, or f S^j^^^p^*. 
copioufly oi it,in their fevcrall Treatifes of this Subie6^. ^ What this humour is dtfamt. mnda. 
pr whence it proceeds ^ hoic^ ituingendredin the body^ neither Galen, nor any ^ ^'f^^y^Jl^j^ 
oldWriter hath ^ujficiently dtfcuffed ^as lacchinus thinkes: the Ncotcrickes HtqtiieS' 
cannot agree. Montanus in bis confultations^ holds Melancholy to be mate- aifcyentk,& 
riall or mmateriall: and fo doth c^/^»/^;?/^:the materiali is one of the foufe f^^^^f^^^y^- 
humors before mentioned , and naturall. The immateriaU or adventitious, fcmandumjhat 
acquifitc,rcdundanr,vQnaturall,artificiall:which*//^rff/^/(fj de Saxonia yfiWcnhnVtrtrmiA^ 
haue refidc in the fpirits alone^and to proceed from an hot,cold.dry^moifi dif Xl^J^/iufact 
temperature ^vphich votthout matter ^alter the brdtne anci f unci ions of it , Para-ie auiferc ex 
cel/tfs wholy reieds and derides this divifionof fbute humours and complex- tquZ'^ 
ions,but our Calenifls generally approue of it /ubfcribing to this opinion Hz^anctatcm, 
.Ollontamts. " Leenart.laahi^ 

This materiali Melancholy is either fimple^oi w/at/ jofJ^nding in ^uanti- ^^l^^^a^^^ 
tyoiQmlitie^ varying according to his place, where itfetleth, nsBraine, Ctf/>.i6,i«9. 
Spleen€^,Meferiacke veines,Heart,Wombe5 and Stomackc: or differing ac- Jj^^*^ 
cording to the mixture of thofe naturall humours amongft tlicmfelues, ov de Meian. edit\ 
fbure vnnaturall adufl humours , as they are diucrfly tempered and mingled* venem 1 620, 
If naturall melancholy abound in the Body , which is cold and dry , fo that it J^ff^^jg 
ie more ^ then the Body is vpell able to beare^it rnujl needs be diJlemperedSm^ da,biimid<t,&c, 
FaventinuSjanddrfeafed: and fb of the other, ifit be depraued, w^hcther it a- 
rife from that other Melancholy of Choler aduft , or from Bloody produceth ^t^jilncorpsre 
the like effeds^S^ is,as Montaltus contends,ifit come by aduftion of humors, fmit,ad intern- 
moft part hot and dry. Some difference I finde,whetber this Melancholy mat- 
ler may be ingcndrcd of all foure humors,about the colour and temper of it. fme poteriun- 
GAlen holds it maybe ingendred of three alone ^excluding Fleagme or Pitui- fj^J^"^^^-'^^ 
/rf^whofetrue aflertion,! ralejiusand Menardf^s ftifly maintaine,and (o doth i^}o„tro- 

FHchfius,Montdltus , " Montanus, How (fay they^ (liould white become verj.atp. zi. 
blacke? But Hercules de Saxonia^lib.poft,de melan, cap.S, and Cardan, are of J^^^^''*^'^*: 
the oppofit partfitmay be ingendred ofFleagme,f//i r^ro contingat^ though ncov^ue, 
it fcldome come to pafle ) fo is P Guianerius and Laurentius cap, r. w ith Me- o Lj^.z. 

*■ ' diCt.cap, ir, 

p Defeb, tYaSl, 4. rfijf.a.ctfp.x . WW ((t fjegmuim tx hic fieri Melanchofm 
E ian^hon 


Part I . Sed. I . Matter of MeUncholy. Mcmb.3.Subi:4 . 

Unahvn in his bookc de Arnma, and Chapter of humours; he calls it ^fafj; 
»^«?,dull,rwinifli Melancholy^ and faith that he wasan eye-vvitncfle ot it : Iq 
q synux. 14 q ^^^^^r. From melancholy aduft arifeth one kinde , from C holer another, 
which is moft brutiHi; another from Fleagmc,which is dulljand the lafl from 
r^rk aduru Blood,vvhich is beft. Of thefe fome are cold and dry^others hot and ^ry/ va- 
mr V mfcmr, rying according to their mixtures , as they arc intended and remitted. It the 
vndevav^ humour be cold,it is,fiith f Faventinus, a caufe of dotage ^andproduceth mil. 
XSf/r* der/ymptomes: if hot, they arerajh.raving mad.or inclining to tt, Ifthe brain 
i Humor /"^i- j^Q^ jheaj^i^al fpirits are hot,much madncllefollowes With violent adi^ 
^^SSf ■■ons;ifcold,fituityandfottirhncire^^ " The colour ofthismix^ 

^c. ture varies Itkevpife according to the mixture, he tt hot or cold, tufomcttmes 

t Lit I c.p.To. ^UckeJometimes not,Altomarus, The fame ^ MeUnelius proues out of 
xlmgr4iL len: aiKi Hippocrates m his booke of meUncholy(\^ at leaft it be his)giuing in- 
hmnr, aiiquan- ftance in a burning coiAt^-which rvhen it is hot,jhines , when it is cotd, looks 
tmSfnt hlacke^andfo doth the humour. This diverlitic of Melancholy matter , produ- 
fupeyfnoj.aus, ceth divcrfity of effeds. If it be within the y body^and not putrified, it caufeth 
'V' h- ' blackelaundife:ifputrified, a Quartan Ague;ifitbreakcoutto the skinne, 
\er "TqJX Leprofc if to parts,feverall Ma]adies,as Scurvy ,&c. If it trouble the minde, 
pr<eterrmdm as it is divetOy mixt, it produccth feverall kiudcs of Madnefle and Dotage, 
tlfe^iZm of which in their place, 


rentihui carbo' SvbSECT. 5. 

riibui ei quid 


duranie flam'ma Qf the fhecics OT kindes of Melancholy, 


'tiaiia pmf}^ ^^^^ matter is divers and confufed , how fhould it otherwifc 

wgrefcunt Hip- ^^^^ bG,but that the Species fhould be divers and confufed.? Many new 
ySwiw. ^^i^^ Writers hauc fpokcn confufedly o fir, confounding Me- 

cap 7. WW^^ lancholy yand Madmffe^as Heurnius fSuianeriu s, G ordpnius, 54* 
"^^."^■fftTr. luflius Salvianusjafon PratenftsSavAnarolaxhax. will hauc Madneffe no o- 
MdancboUa. thcr then Melancholy m Extent^diftering ( as I naue laid ) in degrees. Some 
V^st'l^cl' "^^^^ '■^^ ° diftind Species^as RuffusEpheJius an old SSlnittyAret^us^^Aure* 
Mmbusikeft^ HanuSyPaulus iJEgineta: others acknowledge a multitude of kindes, & leauc 
omafxfm. thcm indefinite,as ^ ttus in his T ttrshihlos^ Avicenna lib, 3 . Fen. f .TraSt 
^fl^^^l'^'^^^' /^.cap.iB,Arculanuscap.i6.in 9, Rafis.MentaHusmed.part^i. ^ If natitraU 
d si a-Juratur Melancholy be adnflyit maketh one kindc'^ if blood, another • if whaler, a third^ 
^'^^^'^^^g^i fi^differing from the fir fl',and fo many feveraU opinions there are about thc^ 
^ali4f(inim^^^<^^^'>^^^^ themfelues, Hercules de Sax$nia fetsdownetwo 

aiia,fi fliua bilk \ci^\dcs, mater iaU and immateriaU-^ alone ^the other from hu* 

ttl^'ltL. ^t*rs andfbirits. Savanarola Rub, i i,.Tra6i.6,cap,iJe 4pritud.cap,\vi\ hauc 

yrimli. maxima , . , , ■'^ i . . /- < / ii i f r 

eflintcibuidif- the kmdcs to be mnnite,one Irom xhtmyrach, ca\XQd mirachialis o\ the y^r4- 
fmntui , & tot bians; another ftomachalis,kom the fiomack , another from the liver , heart, 
teaii^!qHot7pfi vpombejjemrods^ oneheginning,mother confummate, CMeUn6lhon feconds 
Tiumto {urn. him/ as the humour is diver fly adufl and mtxtfo an the fbectes diverfe, but 
L^r^"'^ ^^^^^ "^^^^ mcnfpeake offpccies,! thinke ought to be vnderftood of Symp- 
c^u^dmk- tomes, and fodoth SArculanus interpret himfcFe: infinite fpccies, idejf, 
cipitm,qu^dM Symptomes.-andinthatfenfe, as /tf.(7t?rr^^//i acknowledeeth in his mcdici* 

emfmmitx ^ " ^ 


Part.i.Sed'i. Species of Melancholy, Memb.j.Siibf 5= 

nail definitions , the fpecies are infinite , but they may bee reduced to three 35 
kindeSjby tcafon of their reat^f/^'^^,^^?^^?^'-"'^ Hypcondries. This threefold 
divifion is appoued by Hippocrates in his booke of Melancholy, ( ifit bee his, 
which tome riifpecl)by Galen^lth.-i^Mlocaffecliscap. 6. by -^^lexander Ub- 1. 
cAp.i6,R(ifisliy.i.Ccnttnent,TrA^.<) libA.cap,i6»Avkefif2aycind mort ofour 
new Writers. ThSrxjius makes two kindest one perpetuall , which is Head, 
meiaficholy: the other interrupt, which comes and goes by fits,which hee Tub- 
divides into the other two kindcs/o that all ccmcs to the fame palle: Some 
againe make fourc or fiue kindcs. Roderkm a C^Jiro de morbii mulier^ 
//^.j.i^^i/'.j-and Lod,MercatHs^v\\o in his fecond booke de mtdier: affeoi:cap„ 
4, will liaue that melancholy of Nunnes , Widdowes, and more ancient 
Maids,to be a peculiar fpccics of Melancholy differitig from the reft ; fome 
will reduce Enthnfiafles , Extaticall and dsemoniacall perfons to this ranck, 
adding LouemeUmholy to the ^rSk^:ix\<^ LycmthropU, The moftreceaued hLaurmki 
divihonisincorhrcekjndcs. The firfl: proceeds from the Ible fault oi the ('^•^■<fe^tL 
Srajm'j^ndiscu\kdHea4me/a»chly:theCccondXym^ proceeds 
from ;thc: xvha'c body ^whcn the whole tcmp^ratuf e i^ Melancholy: The thir<J 
ariicchfiom tiie B()wcl9,LiverjSplcenc,or Membrane^ called Mefentertum^ 
named Hypoco/tdrsai;ail,or vp indie melancholy ^wH^^h ^ Lmrent 'tus fubdivides-i c<zp.i3 ; 
intofhvee parts, ti:pnVthofe three Members, Hep^kke^ Splemtkke. Mepri- 
acke ^Loue melaKchoiy.vfHdi ^vicemdc^\^ /lifhi:mdiJ^ycanthropiayV/hich 
hcailhCacubathe^arc commonly included in head Melanchol)' ; but of this 
lafijwhicli Gerardtts deSolo cals Amoreos^^x\^ xxiO\iKn'fght f^elamholy,vjv\i 
t\\^' oi Religious melancholy ^rtrgimm Viduarum^ maintained by B-od-.k 
Cajlro and Mercatusjind ail tiie other kindes,of Loue melancholr^l'wiW fpeak 
apart by theinfelucs in my third Partition; The three precedent fpecies are 
the fubicvfl: of my pre fent dilcourfe, which 1 will anatomize, and treat o^ 
throui^li all their caufes^fv-mptomeSjCures^togcther:, and apart; chat euery 
man that is in any meafii le affc6ted with this malady ,may knowe how to ex- 
amine it in himfclfc,and apply remedies, vnto it. 

It is a hard matter,! conreiIc,to d[(linguiAi thcfe three Species, one from 
the othcr,to cxpreHc their fcuerallcaures^fymptomes, cures, being that they 
are fo often confounded amongft themlckies,hauing fuch afiinitie,that they 
c^nlcarccbe difcc.rnedl^y.^ii^moftaccurafcPhyfitia^isj aad Ip often inter-. 
n^ixtrvWtl^ orhcr.difcafesjtliat the bcft experienced hane been plunged. Mop^) 
tmus ccn/il.2 6,naims a parjcrit that b-^d this difcafe of McLinchoiVjandC^-' 
xinus Appeti^tis boih togerher. And CQnfiL2:^. with Jferiigo. \*Iiilius Cd/ar ]^2o.&t^g, , 
cUudiniis with S:ouG,GoutJandice. j"y//icaveUjuj with an Ague, landicp, con'jduconfii,i% 
Qatums Appetitiis^^c^c^fatilus Regoline^^ grcatvDqdor in liis:nrne,Gpnfijl>,in^j/^^;^^ 
tdd.ip this cafcjWas fo confounded vyith' a.confii^^n of SynipfiQmss , that Y.i^icAMQLi66,. 
tejivc not to what kindc ofMelancholy to refcrre "it, " Tnmave]Jtius, FaU^-.f!. 
pfu/^nird Frapiic4nzamSjiamousDoc^oisin /uly,,ail three cpnljprred with a^-^ 16, 
bp^t one party^at the (ame timc^gaue thi"ee diffcfei)f ppinions^- And iiva'no-^' 
thsi pUcQyTt/z^cavellius being demanded what'he t/ipught ofa nielatKhpIy ' 

SympComss5AylTich others afcribc to mifaifciied parts and humours, f Here, ^Cdp, trait; 
deSai\0/jJ4 3,ttnhiiiQs wlioly to diflcm:)2red rpirits,and thofe imibaterull, as ^oiHi^d^m^m^ 

Part i.Sed.i. Sfecies of Melancholy, Mcmb,3.Subf.5- 

35 I liauc faid. Sometimes they cannot well difcernc this Difcafe from others. 
In Reiner as Solemn^rs comM-s^Sect^i xonfil,^. He and D*" Brmde both a- 
giecdjthai the Patients difeafe was Hypocondriacall melancholy. \y^MA- 
tholdm faid it was ABbma^and nothing clfe. <> Sol'tmnder and Cmrionius, 
o G«.rM».c««r. j^j^jy ^^^^ ^^j. ^i^g melancholy Duke of C/f/^^, with others , could not de- 
fine what Species it was,or agree amongft themfelues. The Species are fo 
confounded,as in Cdfar Claudmus his 44 confultation for a Polonian Count, 
y^uhwmt^tt inhisiudgementP^f/4^i7«rfd<?/^ Head melancholy , and thi^ which proceeds 
^toiTcw^ln,'^ f^^^the-wholeU^^ I could giue inftanceoffomethat 

haue had all three kmdcs^fe??^rl dr Jimul^and fbme fucceflluely . So that I con- 
tAfacfcia«e/.cb-f elude of our melancholy Species , as t many polititians doe of their pure 
TjguTapUi, Formes of Commonwealths, Monarchies, Arirtocratics, Democraties, arc 
Bufcoidwdifcur. moft famous in contemplation^but in pradife they are temperate and vfu- 
poUUifcHYf y. 3||y mixt^as the Lacedamonian^ the Roman of old ^German now and many o- 
f7tu.up:vit!* thers.WhatPhifitians fay ofdiftind Species in their bookes^it much matters 
Kecfiem.ai^i not^fince that in their Patients bodies they are commonly mixt. In fuch ob- 
fcurity therefore,varietie and confufed mixture^ofSymptomeSjCaufes ; how 
difficult a thing is it to treat of feuerall kindes apart j to make any certainty 
ordirtindionamongftfo many cafuahieSjdiftrad^ions J when fcldome two 
men fliall be like affeded f>ey omnia} 'Tis hard,! confeflc, yet neuertheleflfe I 
will adue^ lire through the midft of thefc perplexities , and led by the clue 
or thread of the beft Writers^extricate my felfc out of a Labyrinth of doubts 
and errors ^and fo proceed to the Caufes. 

SECT, t, 

M E M B. T, S V B S E C, I. 

Cau/es of ^Melancholy, 
GOD acaufc^, 

^^^1^^^ Tiiin vaine to ^eake of Cures ^ or thinke of remedies , vntill 
^Trimnrtis /itch time as ive haueconjider edof the Cafffis^ foq Galen prc- 

^i^o^ri'mmuu ^^^ibcs (j/<««c<7 : and the common experience ofotherscon- 

hmpohaffs- ^ ^^^^S firmes, that thofe cures muft be vnperfed, lame, and to no 
amumcauiai p urpofe, wherein the caufes haue notfirftbeene fearched , as 

fa heruHvJe'-^ hisTra(5l de Jtra bile to Cardinal C£- 

tuf ynam alioqui Jius, Infomuch that ^ Ferneli/ts puts a, kinde ofnecepty in the knovp ledge of 
m^7a&S- ^<^^f^^y '^ndmthoiit vehkh it is impopble to cure or preuent any ma/iner 
lit ejfet. of itfeafe, Emperickes may eafe, and fometimes helpe , but not throughly 
T'*n ^^^^ oni'.fublata caufa tollitur effeclus as the faying is, if the caufe be remo- 
['^ofcertcm- uedjtheeffedislikewifevanquifhed. It is a moft difficult thing ^I conf efle^ 
jasymedicU m- to be able to difcernc thefe caules whence they are,and in fuch ' variety to Csiy 
^i^Jinl% "^^^^ beginning was. " He is happy that can performe it aright. I will ad- 

venturetoguefIeasncereasIcan,andripthemall vp, from the firft to the 

rare, nee preca- 

veyeliceu tTamn emmmrbi vmttu ac differenih vt nimfaclte distnfcatur,vnde mtium mrbm CmMirit, MdmM 
GMeno. uF<tlixj!*i podutrcrm coinofcere eahloi, 


Part.i.Sc61:.2. Caufcs of melancholy . McmB. i.Subfi 

laft, Gemrdl and partietdar to euer y S^ecses, that fo ihey may the better bee 37 

Generall cati(es,are either /uperfiatura//,ov naturalLSu^permturall are from ^ 
G^^and A/j Angelh^oihy Godspermt^ionfrQmtheDiuell^md his Minivers. 
That God himiclFe is a caufc fop the punilTbment of finne, and fatisfadion of 
his Iwftice, many examples and teftimonies ofholy Scriptures make evident 
vnro vs, pJaI. 107. 17, F0Q//fh rnen are plagued for their offence and by reajon 
of their votckedneffe, Gehazi was ftroken with Leprofie, 2 , Reg, 5 .2 yjehorm 
with difentery and flux,and great difeafes of the boweIs52. chron.cap^i r. 1 5. 
P^WpIagued fornumbring his people^ i. Par. 21^ Sodom and Gomorah 
fwallowed vp« And this difeafe is peculiarly fpecificd. Pfalm, 127. i ;;. He 
brought cCor&ne their heart through heauinejfe. Deut, 28,28, He flroke them 
with madnejfe^blmdneffe^ and aftoni^merit of heart, ^ An eutU fpirit was juSam. 1^.14 
fent by the Lord 'upon Sauly to vexe him J Nabuchadnezze^ did eate graflc y Dan.j.zi . 
like an Oxe.and his heart vpas made Itke the beajis of the /^/iHeathen ibries ^^.f/^^'f 
are full of fuch punillimeiits.L^c^r^^j, becaufe he cut downe the Vines in the ^Mente ca'piut. 
Country, was by Bacchus driuen itito madneffe; fo was Phntheus and his mo- 
thcr Agaue for neglecting their facrifice. Cenfor Fuhius ran mad for vn- fum'^^ui 
tiling luno's Temple, to couer a new one of his ownc^ which he had dcdica- 1 SMunfler, cef- 
tcd to Fortune^ ^ and rvas confounded to death, with griefeand/orrow ^^^'^gctl^ub- 
heart. When Xerxes would haue fpoiled t Apollo's Temple at Delphos^ of iteynabamur, 
thofe infinite riches it poflelled, a terrible thunder came from Heauen, and ^^''f'" 
ftroke400o men dead5the reft ranmad.'^A little after,the like happened to ftiaT&T*' 
^r^/^««j,lightning,tbunder,earth-c]nakes,vponruchafacriIegious occafion, * LwusHb.^^, 
If wee may bcleeue our Pontificiall Writers , they will relate vnto vs many J ^^^^'^^^j'** 
flrange and prodigious punifhments in this kinde^inflided by their Saints. Dwa;)?,^^,,^^, 
How ^ Clodoveus fometimeking of France jth^ (on of Dogebert^ bft his wits ^'fc^operuerat, . 
for vncouering the body oi'^» T>enis: and how a «^ fa(;rilegious Frenchman^ 'cjdm'iih"^.^^ 
that would haue ftolne away a filuer Image of S.lohn, at Birburge^ became 
frantickeonafuddaine, raging,and tyrannizing ouer his owne flefh: ^^^50^^77^" 
^ Lord of Rhadmr^ thar coming from hunting late at night, put his Dogges hH% efraais,% 
into S. Avans Church, {LlanAvan they called it^ and rifing betimes next D iohan?7is ar- 
morning, as hunters vfe to doe, found all his dogges mad, himfelfe being ^Xamfam^^ 
fuddcnly ftroken blind. OiTyridatesan ^ f^rmenian King, for viohmg comendujfmu- 
fome holy Nunnes, that was puniilied in like fort, withjoffe of his wits. B«t 
Poets and Papifts may goe together for fabulous talt sj let them fr^e their ^"rfat, necm- 
ownc credits: Howfoeuer they faine of their Nemefis^ and of their Satnts, or ra,facri'egm 
by the Diucls meanes may be deluded^ we finde it true, that Fltor a tergo De- Zf^^f^' 
/fSfffe is God the Avenger ^sls P4«/^iniIesnim^and that it is our crying linnes msinprofr'm 
that pull this and many other maladies on our owne heads. That he can by '^trnM^uit. 
his Angefs, which arc his Miniftcrs ftrike and Iicale(faich 8 Diot3yftm)\^\\om hn>.^tib.\^' 
he will; that he can plague vs by his Creatures, Sunnc,Moone, and Starres,cflp.i.ir/wrtfr. 
which he vfeth as his inff ruments, as a Wushanduian ( faith Zanthius) doth ^'^^^r 
an Hatchet; HailCjSnow, Wmdes &c. Ujeaiqu^,^ 

h Et coniurativenimt inclapca venti: f Pfai.441. 

as in lofuahs time, as in Pharaos raigne in Egypt-^ilKy are but as fo many Exe- ^f^^^^^f^^' * 
cutionersofhisiuftice. He can make die proudeft fpirits ftoape, and cry h c/^ia*. 
out with lu/ian the APoflate,nc//ii GaUUe-.oi with ApoJlds Pricft. in chryfi- [^^ ^^^'^^^ 

CauJ es of melancholy'. 



ftom, bc^hml o ten a ! v^de hojlis hie? What an cnimy is this? And pray 
with D/?«/^;acknowIedging his power,/ 4w vpeakned and fore hoken^ I roare 
for the grief e of mine hearty mine heart fanteth^&c^vfd. 3 8 , 8. O Lord re- 
buke me -not in thine anger, nether chapfe me in thy wratfj.Ffd, 78.1. make 
me to heare ioy an^ g/adnefe^that the bones which thou haf broken, may re^ 
ioyce.Pfal^ verfe i iSefiore to me the toy ofthyfalmtton, and/iMflj 
me With thy free Jpirit.VoiiMQC2i\\k^hdiVt^ Hippo wolild haue a 
Phyfitian take fpecial notice whether the difcafe come not from a. diiiine fu- 
pcrnaturall caufe, or whether it follow the courfe oi Nature. But this is far- 
IVb.vde Ab- ther difculfed by FramValefius defacr.fhilof.cap.Z } Fernelim.^nd ^ LC^ar 
dithrerum, cUudinus^ to whom I referre you, how this place o'l Hippocrates is to be vn- 
'^flr derftood.P^mf^ns of opinion, that fuch fpirituall Difeafcs (forfohe 
;P i.md. ^^ijgjj^cj^^^j^efp^fjtuallyto be cured,and not otherwifc. Ordinary meanes in 
fuch cafes will not availe: NoneftreludiandamcumDeo, When thatmon- 
ftcr-taming Hercules ouercame all in the Olympicks, Jupiter at laft in an vn- 
knownOiape wreftlcd with him; the viaorywas vncertaine, till at length 
defcryed himfelfc,and Hercules yeeldcd. No firiuing with fupreame 
powers. *• ISQUuvatimmenfosCrateropromitteremontes^ 
Phy fitians and Phy fick can doe no good, t we mufl fubmit our felues vnder 
the mighty hand of God, acknowled gc our offences, call to him ior mercy • If 
he ftrike ss^'vna eadem^ manus vulnus opemj^ feret^i^?. it is with them that are 
wounded with the fpearc oi Achilles^ hee alone muft helpej . oihervvife our 

difeafes arc incurable,and wee notto be releiued. 

i:0!:nr:0 j:.':. -lod- 

SBC, 2. 

ft L 

Digrefton ofthe nature of^Spirtts,bad Angels or Tfivels, 
andhovp they caufe Melancholy, 

Ow farre'tfe^ pdwet'df^pirftsand Bivels doth cxtcnd,andwhe- 

ther-they can caufe this or any other Difeafe,is a ferious qucftion 
and worthy to be confidercd, for the better vnderllandingof 
_ ^ _ wfiich, Iwill make abriefe digreffion of the nature of Spirits. 
J/riijcflLr ~" ""And although thequcftion be very obfaire , according to "P^- 
diajn umIU nfi^^^^fi^ "/ controverfie and ambiguity beyond the reach of humane capa- 
mmrfuit alter cvAZyfateore feeder d'etre s intent ionis m^aJ^AithiAuftin^lcovikiic I, am not 
^Z i'^sr^rttr ^^^^^^ vhderftand ii^jinitumde infinito nonpotefi ftatuere^ and all our qnic- 
opimmm c<tu- ^eft wics,as an Owles d<Ss at the funnes light,waxe dull, and are not fuificjicrit 
coxdia.qMmdc to apprehend it, yet in the reft Twill adventure to fay fomething tc^^chis 
^fuWaruih^a- P^"^'^ * for'^er times ^as weread,^^j 2 ^JTbcSadducees denicic^vijbat t^er<e 
rat'iu . . wercany fuch Spirits, Divels or Angels. Sd did C^/^/^thc PhyftiaiVj xJilP 
■^Lib.;.deTn' pcripateticks,cvtx\ o4)'/y^<?^/(? himfelfe,as Pomponatim ftoutly maintaineSjapfl 
w .c^f, , scaliger in fome fort grants . Thoiigh Dandinm the lefui.t, tomiin.libji\de 
anima fii^y denies itj ^ubjlantia fcp^at£ & Intclli,genccs,arc the famq which 
Chri(hans call Angels,and Platonifts, Divcls,for they name all Spirits d^mo* 
nes^Q they good or bad Angels,as lulius Pollux Onomafi icon Jib,i.ca^ i , ob- 
feroes . Epicures and Atheifis axcolthQ fa me mindc in generall,bccanfethcy 
never faw tliem. plaio^ Ploti^uifPorphyriffi,Imblicffs^Proclus^mGi}xn^ in the 


Part. iScA. Caufes of ^teUncholy- Memb. i . SubC;^ 

fteps of Trifmegtjlm and S ocratef^makt no doubt ofit ; Nor Sto/cks J^ut that 
there are fuch Ipirirs , though much erring from the truth . Concerning the 
firft beginning oi them , the « ThAlmudtfls fay that had a wife called 
Lflii, before hec married £«^, and of her hce begat nothing but Diuells. The 
y T/^r/^^i P is altogether as abfurd and ridiculous in this point; but the 

S<?riptureinformesvsC/>r//?/4»j-, how Z.«f//9r thechiefe of them with his 
allbciatSj 4 fell from heauen for his pride, and ambitionj created of Godjpla- 
ced in heauen, and fojnetimcs an Angell of Iight,now caft downe into the oPmrius m > 
lower aeriali fublunary parrs 5 or into Hell, and dei/uered mtochawes of'^'^'^^finiib.^'m 
darknel[e( 2,Pet,2,4f.) to he kept vmo dammt'm. There is afooliili opini- p|J'^'/,^^,;„j 
on which fome hold, that they are the foules of men departed , good and cico^a cmi- 
more noble were deified^the bafer groucled on the ground, or in the lower 
partes and were divells, the which with TertttUian, M. Tyrius fer. ij. main- l^msHndet 
taines.Thefe fpirtts, he faith, which wee call Angels and Diuels^ are nouoht f^'^chms. 
hat foules of men departed, which either through lorn ^ pitty of theirfriends'll^'^g^^^^ll^l-^^^ 
yet liuing^ help and aftfl them^ or elje perfecute their enmies^ whom they ha - ram k dce^ q»l 
ted,c^% Dido threatned to perfecute c^fe/zw, j? venmc mn 

- Omtiibus v^hra locif aderojabis impyohe p^nas: Nature oTbi- 

Thcy are(as others fuppofe) appointed by thofe higher powers to keep men veis. 
from their natiuity and to protea, or punifh them as they fee caufe^and ^Zf^^Zti 
me called ho/ni and Tffaligen^ by the Romans.56>ffr/i/^jhad his D£mon/um/qn mm^^anh 
Saturninum c^igneum^ which of all fpirits is beik^adfublimes cogitat tones a- 'j?* "!^'^'^ 
nimum erigentem^ as the platonifts fuppo fed; Plotinus his • and wee Chri- mlflmvitam^ 
ftians our allifting Angels, as Zanchim and (bmc Diuines thinke. But this coinm fuccur- 
abfurd Tencnt of T>r///^3 Proclus confutes at larg e in his booke de Ky^mma '^^lJ^Xa&^ 

^d^mone, rHcliucdfoo 

r Pfelltis a Chriftian, and fomctimes Tutor ('faith Cufpinian ) to Michael y^^^". 

^arapinatimi Emperour of Greece^ a great obferucr of the nature of Diuells, luufZimiia 

holds they are ^ corporeall, and haue aerkd hodtes^ that they are mortally fu^t animo pafu 

Hue and dye( which our Chriftian philofdpherscxplode>^,t/ they are nouri-^!"^'';'^^"^^"^' 
n J ,/ ; I r 1 • -r i i i • . tionalia, corjfore 

jheaand haue excrements^ that they feek fame tfthey be hurt ( which Car-^ aena^ tempm 

4a» confirmes, and ScaligeriuQ\y laughs him to fcorne (ox-^fipafcantur aere^ ^^^uukmr 

cur »(m pHgnant oh puriorem aera'i&c.) or ftroken: and if their bodies be cut, ^ ^JxcrtiHtnta 

with admirable celerity they come together againc^uflin in Gen.lib.^Mb. babeat^quod 

arhiff, approues as much, mutata cafu corpora in deter iorem qualitatem ae- ^rf'^J" ^^^^J"^ 

tU fpiporufo doth Hterome^ Comment ^tn epijt adEpheJ. cap^Ortgen. Ter- corpere. 

tuUiaffjLa^antius, and many ancient fathers of the ChurchrThat in their fall " OP* 

^ theit bodies were changed into a more aerial! and grolle fubftance. Tbat fum&ZLa-^ 

ihcy can aftumc aeriall bodics,all manner of fhapes at their pleafures , ap- /w tramfem 

peare in what likencfle they will themfclucs, that they arc moft fv/ift in mo- 

tiop 5 can pafle many miles in' an inftant ^ and Co likewife " transfoKne bo- chrift to the 

dies of othets into what fhape they pleafc&with admirable celeritie rcmoue ^op of the pi- 

thcm from place to place^that they can rcprefent caftles in the ay rc^ pallaces, "hel^'arc ^tetl 

attrties, fp^arumSjprodigicSjandfuclificange obie^s to mortall mens eyes, traniiated.Sec 

t*tattfc fniclIs,favoui:s,&c.deceiiicaIl tiie fents^ moft writers of this fubicdt '"J/cico»n7-^' 

credibly beleeiicj;& that tliey can foretell fbture cuents^and doe many ftrange S3 JIm^wz- 

nif.mg.Per at" 

raff/b^cere & iHri4bUmeecrpor.aferre po^funt^ Biam.ims.PerCuJfi«Ment lirvrmiuTin conJpimtcinereSiAffip^ai l^.^tCap^ 

''^"^.'■--■^ mir^xles 

Part.i.Scd.i. Nature of Dtuel/s. Memb.i.Subfx- 

40 miratles, I»ws image fpake to Cam^Uu4^md Fortunes ftatiic to the Rom Ant 
matrons, with many {w&i^amh 'ms^ Bodine ^SfoncUms . and others are of o- 
pinion that they caufe a true Metamorphofis, as Nabuchadnezar was real/y 
tranflated into a heart. Lots wife into a pillar of ^dXz'^VlyJfes companions into 
" Hogges and Dogs by Circes charmesi Turne themfelues and others,as they 
doe Witches into Cats, Doggs, hares, Crowes &c. Stro^ius Sicogm hath 
many examples,//^. 3* ^?/»;?//w^^.f^/'.4.^5« which he there confutes , as 
likewife dath de ctvitiDei lib, 1 S.That they,can be feene when and 
in what fhape, and to whom they will, faith vjellm^ Tametp ml tde vidf- 
rim^nec optem videre^ though he himfelfc neuer faw them nor defired itj and 
^Part.^.fea.i. vfc fomstimes carnal! copulation (^as elfewhere I fhall * proue more at 
LoTe^'ifian^'^^rg^/^^^^h women and men. Many will not beleeue they can befcene, 
cboiy. i^^4rf2/i;ofhis credit told P/^//i6«ij that he had often feene them. Varacelfm 
confefleth that he (avv them diuers times, and conferred with them , and fb 
virfm ^Icxunder ab Y K^lexmd.YO^ that hefo found it by experience^ when at 
& compemm' before he doubted of it. Many deny it, ftith Lauater de Jpe^ris^ part, u c . 2, 
quum prius an c^part. 2.c,ii ,becaife they neuer favp the themfelues ^^iv. as he reports at large 
tffertL cmbiit' ^|| ^^^^^ booke, efpccially cap.i^.part.i. they are often feene and heard, 
Tidcm fum It- and familiarly conuerfe with men, as Lod. Fives aflureth vs, and all tra- 
^^'^f , . vellers be( idesrin the We(\lndies and our Northern climes. nihil familiar im 
Fidei, ierm*, ^g^^ & vrbwus [ptrttus viderc , audtrey qut vetent, tubeint &Ci, 

t!TC' Cardan lib, r p.defubtil: relates of his father Facius Cardan^ that after the ac- 

denmpS^tt ^^"ft^'^cd foJemnities, An: 145? i: 1 ^: Auguft, hee coniured vp leauen Diuells 
vere dicit to. in Grecke apparelI,about 40 yeares of agc,ibme ruddy of complexion, and 
^tes phienim ^Q^YiQ pale, as he thought/ he asked them many queftions and they made rea* 
*cu[ilde°'b0' dy anfwere,that they were aeriall Diuels,that they liued and died as men did, 
mmm & pro- fauc that they were farrc longer liued,^7 or 8 hundred ^ yeares) they did as 
7antoSore5' "^^^^ excell men in dignitie, as we doe iumentes, and were as farre excelled 
hominibHi,quM againe of thofe that were aboue them: oar * goiiernours & keepers they are 
to hi brmsani- moreouer,\vhich f Plato in Critias deliuered of old, and fubordinate to one 
f'p"r$dJs, pa- another, vt enim homo homini,fic d^mon d^monidomtnatury^z^ rule them- 
/?tfrK, luhttm. felues as well as vs, and the fpirits of the meaner fort had comiiionly fuch 
^ffi<^^'*>^s wee make horfekeepers,neat-heards, andthebafeft ofvs, oiicrfe* 
^* ers ofoiir cactic; and that wee can no more apprehend their natures and fun- 

a mittufami- cl:ions,then an horfe a mans. They knew all things, but might not reuealc 
bminibu^^mui- ^h^'"" "^^"5 ^^^^^ dominered oucr vs, as wee doe ouer our horfes: 
tiMerfM& the beft Kings amongft vs,and the moft generous fpirits,were not compara- 
abhnrreK ble to the bafeft of them.Sometimes they did inftrud men: andcomtmini- 
fifa^nTi'i^^ ^^^^^ reward and cherirh,&fometimes againe terrific and punifB, 
fc^fttoafcigwf'&i-tokeepe them in aw e,as they thought fit. The fame author Cardan in his 
^'mm ^'7dm f^yp^^(^^^»> ^hc doa:rine oi'stoicks^ u ill hauc fome of thefe Genijijiot 
^xbHabhomU fo he calls them; to be » defirous of mens company, very affable,and familiar 
ruhm ptperan- with thcm as Dog^es are; others againe to abhorre as ferpcnts,and care not 
Zll'^^""''^orthcmy^GeneraUji they farre excell men in rcorth^^asaman themcanefi 
vparnae,^ though fome of them are* inferiour ta thofe of their vvpne ranke if* 
rforth^as the black gunrdin A Prinzes Court^ and to men dg^inCy as fomfi de^ 
generate j>afe^ationall creatures y are excelled of brute heafis. 

That they are mDrtall, befldes thefe teflimonies oicarddn ^ many pthcr 


Pait. i.^e6l.2.. Nature ofDiuells Memb. i. Subf.ij 

Divines and Philofophers hold. The ^ Platontfls and fome RAbbines^Vrophy- 41 
rius and Plutarsb^^s appeares by-^at relation oiThamus: ^ The great God 
Pan is dead: Apollo Pythius ceiifedj^ fo the xdik,Sjiierome in the lite of Paule 
the Ermite tells a {tory,how one of them appeared to S*^ Antony in the vvil- ^ 
dcrnefle, and told him as much, e Paracelfus of our late writers ftifly main- 
taines that they are mortall,liue and die,as other creatures doc. Zo'XJ-mfM^l.i^ 
' farther addes,that religion and policy dies and alters with them. The ^ Gen- 
tiles GodSjhetaith^were expelled by C<7;?/?4*///?^5 and together with them, ctiho & pom 
Jmper^ Rom^ni fnaieftas^^ fortunA^inter^t^^ profl/gata, eft ^ The fortune & 
maieftic of the Roman Empire 5 decayed andvanifhed, as that licaihcn in'aaan^mmr'l 
t OVLinutius formerly bragged , when the /fiv^'^ were overcome by ihcRo- ckdgna^i.paru 
manSythe levees God was likewife captiiiated by that of Rome ^ and Rdfa- 
keth to the ifraelites , no God fhould deliuer them out of the hands of the it fia.ormbi. 
AffyriAns^wi thefe paradoxes of their power ,corporeity,mortality ^taking of ^. 
(hapeSjtranfpofingbodies^andcarnall copulations, are fufficiently confuted ^'^^ 


by Zanch.cap. i o , lib,^.Pererius in his Comment Toflatm qucftions on the f gentium ^ 
6. of Gen.Th.Aquin.S.^uftin^Wierus.TkEraftm^ Delrio.To.iMb, 2. qu^ejl. p^^i'^^^l] 
^^,SebaJlianMichaelis^cap.2.dejpiritibm, Y}^ ReinoldsLeihcfj. Tiiey may oUavias. 'dial] 
deceaue the eyes of men^yet not take true bodies , or make a reall metamor- ^'^^orumdeum 
phofis: but as Ctcogna, proues at large: they are § jUuforia d" praftigiatrices\^l^ ^^J^^l^^^ 
transformAtiones^omnifjnagdtb^a^ crf^.4.meere illufions and colenings , like •tn(icumgem6 
that talc of (^//^^^Z/c/^i^Mercuries fonne that dwelt in PernAffus^ who got fo Jq^'J^j"^*, ^^J^ 
much treafure by cofenage and ftealth.His father Mercury becaufc he could a^mui eut in 
leaue him no wealrh,taughthim many fine trickes to get meanes , f for hee i^^Jcunqf^mai 
could driue away mens cattle^and if any perfued him , tiirne them into what ^gjias^^ 
fliapes he would, and fb did mightily enrich himlelfe ^ hoc ajiu mATctmam g Omnia fpirU 
prAdAm efladfequutus. This no doubt is as true as the reft; yet thus much in 
generally Thomas^ Durana^ and others grant that they naue vnderitandmg ^/^^ ^ difcor*, 
farre beyond men^can probably coniedurCjand foretell many things^ they diaomneiboni 
can caufeand cure molt difeafes,deceaue our icnfes,theyhaue excellent skill 
in all Arts & Sciences:& that the molt illiterate Diuell isQuouis homine fci- mahumaai rf- 
entiorjisCicozriA maintaines out of others.They know the vertues offiearbs, pi^^'^^-f^^'^^ox. 
Plants, 5tones,M!nerais,&c.Utaii <^reatures, JtSirds liealts, tne toure t,ie- ckogna. mnif, 
ments, Starrs, Planets can aptly apply and make vfe of them as they fee good, magMb.zcap.'} 
perceauing the caufes of all Meteors,and the like. ^ They can produce mira- dc1^^„^cidiltt> 
culous alterations in the ayre, and moft wonderfulleffeds, conquer armies, rmcaf 17. 
giue vid:ories,heIpe,further,hurt,crofTe,and alter humane attempts and 
\t(X%( dei per miff they fee good themfelues.fWhen Ch Aries the great in- ^„tm 
tcded to make a channell betwixt the Rhene ^Vanubi", look what his work- /^''^"fw caaidio- 
irx did in the day,thefe fpirits flung down in the night,i/? conatu rex deftHe- '^J^^i^, ^ojl 
ret^pervicereSiich feates can they doc. But that which iodine hb. 4. The At. ter magnm id- 
nat. thinkes,(foIIowing Tyrius belike and the Platoniftsjthey can tell the ^^'^^^J^^^^^T*^ 
crets of a mans heart,4«^ cogitAt'tones hominum^is moft f:ilfe: His rcafons are ^nfc^nt ^* 
vveake,and fulficicntly confuted by ZAnchJib.^.eAp,^MuromMb,2, comm. in » i^h.i.wvAf. 

k ^um tantaftt&tam prof Unix (plritum fclenttay rnirum nou efl tot tantafq^ ra vifn admlabilei ab h/ts patrariy^ 
t}uidem remmmiuralium ope quas mnUo fml'm intelligunt,m!ilteqjpcr'itm fuii loc'n& temporibui applicare nnrimtyqum ho^ 
wo, Cicognii.OzAm . AucHtim quicqnidmierdiit exhMfiebatiir^noili4 cxplebatiir.Inde pauefa^li curatores &c. h OeVeo S*. 
cratiijide^nubh dmm [oHtDxmmm qiiiiizm iptimi pnentu mefeimtHmffepe diJfiMdet, impelllt nimqufminjlar vjf* 

F Matho 

Parci.Scd.i. Caufes of Melancholy. Memb.i.Subf 2^ 

4 2 Mdth,Aci cap, 1 5 Athanafius quxjl.i'^, adAnthiochum prtmipem, and others* 
As for thofe orders of good and bad Diuels, which the P'atonifts hold, is 
altogether erroneous^and thofe Ethnicks hut and malt Gen^ , arc to be ex* 
ploded; theifc heathen writers agree nor in this point amongrt themfelues, 
^Mmi * "Dandinm notes, an fini f malt non conuemunt, fome will haue all fpirits 
uu^^. good, or bad to vs by a miftake , as if an oxe or horfe could difcourfe.hee 
HomerHsdifcri. would fay the butcher was his enimy becaufe he killed him, the grafier his 
§^riZlZZ ^fic"^ h^"^> ^" ^^""f preferues and yet killes his game, &c. 

toe at. but lamhlicus^ Pfehs^ Plutarch^ and moft Platpnilb acknowled ge bad , & 
^Ajouend ab eorummaleficijs cauendum/ioiihty ^t^cmmts o^ni^^^ and this 
t€m2u js. c ^^^^^ learned in <i/Bgjptj that they quarrelled with Jupiter, and were driuen 
by him do wne to hell. That which ^puleius,Xenophon M/<? contend 
oi Socrates Ddmomum^\^\tio'ik2^{\xx^: That which Plotims of his, that he 
had likewi(eD^«;« pre Damomo'^ and that which Porphyry concludes of them 
all in generall, if they be ncgleded in their facrifice they are angry, and fend 
many plagues amongft vs^ but if pleafed, then they doe much good 5 is as 
Vaine as the reft, and confuted by K^ujltn lihs. cap. %M Ciuit, Dei, Eufeb. 
/ii>.^.praparat.Evangel.cap,6,^nd others. Yet thus muchlfinde, tliatonr 
i Agiippaitb,^ Schoolemen and iothcrDivines make nine kinde sof bad SpintSjasDJo^y/if^ 
deoccui.ph.c' ' hath done ofAngcIs.In the firft ranke arc thofe fal/s gods of the Gentiles, 
riun'7rmuf''' ^^^^^^ ^^^^ adorcd heretofore in fcuerall IdoJs,and gaue Oracles at De/phos, 
ckogmA.^x.i, 3"d elfew here, whofe Prince isBet/zeM. The lecond rankeis of-Liers, and 
}tVafafr<«,e,\^. ^quivocatours,as Apollo Pyth/f/^^and the like.The third are tHofe veflels of. 

anger, inventers of all mifchiefe, a s that T heutus in Plato-^Efay cals them vef- 
iclsoffury; their Prince is BelUll, The fourth aiemalitious revenging Di- 
uels, and their prince \s AfmodxHs, The fift kinde are cofeners , fuchasbe* 
long to Magitiarw and Witchesjtheir prince is ^atan. The fixt are thofe ae- 
riall D iuells that I corrupt the.aire & caufe plagues,thunders,fiers,&c.fpoken 
^whM datum of in the ^p9calyps,andPaule to the Ephefians names them the. princes of 
^ wvi^&T'^ ^y^c • ^^^^fi» IS their prince.The feauenth is a deftroyer , Captaine of 
m PhyftoLStd' the Furies,caufing warres, tumults, combuftions,vproares, mentioned in the 
5^^'*'*^^^^^^^^^ eight is that accufing or calumniating 

n hladiuna Diuel, whom the Greekcs call AidCoha , That driues men to defpairc. The 
'them! ari "^"'"'^ ^^^^^ tempters in feuerall kindes, and their priace is Mammon, Pfel- 
herm, lus'^f- nwkes^ kindes, yet none aboue the Moone: but Ga:{^u^ cited by^LtpJius 
nku will haue all places full of Angells, fpirits, and Divels, abolie and beneath the 

Moone,3etheriall and aeriall; which Auftin cites out of Varro lth,-f. de Civ it: 

cap,6,The celejlialldiuells ahoue^andaevialiyeneathy ox2i% fbme will 
Gods aboue,5 emidei, or halfe Gods beneath, Lares^Heroes^ Gen§, which 
clime higher, if they liued well,as the Stoicks heldj but grouell on the gound 
as they were bafer in their lines, neerer to the earth; and are CManes^ Lemu- 
o MartCaptUa, res ci'c,'' They will haue no place void but all lull of Spirits, Diuels,, or fome 
IbiutZ'r inhabitants^ Plenum calum^aer, aqua, terra, omma/uh terra, faith P 
capiiium inaere Gaz^us'^ Not fo much as a haire breadth empty in heauen, earth, or waters 
vti aqm iaceas aboue ot vnder the carth.The aire is not fo ful of fiies in fumraer, as it is at all 
libdezilb "'"^sofinvifible Diuels: this qp^r^fff//^ ftiflfely maintaines, and that they 
^ ' • ' 'haueeueryonetheirfeueralc^49j.(7r^^^7r/«f,rW^»«tfmakesfeauenkinds 
of^theriall Spirits or Angeis,according to the number of the feauen Pla- 


f.^s— ^ _ ____„ 

Part.i.^ea:.2., ^tureofPiue lls. Meinb;i .SubCi, 

nets, Saturnc, louial, Martial, of which Cardati difcourfeth lib^io de fubtii 45 
he calls ih^mfubflantUs primas^md will haiie them to be good Angels a- 
boiie, Diuels beneath the moone, dieir feuerall names and offices he there 
fets downe, and with Dtomfitu of Angels, will haiie feuerall fpirits for feue- 
rall countries,men,offices:&c.which liue about them,and ssfo many affifting 
powers caufe their operatio ns and will haue in a word,innumerable3as many 
of them as there be ftarres in the Skies. Marciltm Fkimts feemes to fecond . 
this opinion, out o^VUto^ or from himfelfe, 1 know not ( ftill ruling their in- ■ 
fcriors^as they doe thofe vnder them againe,all fubordinate, & the neareft to 
the earth rule vs, whom wee iubdiuide into good and bad angels, call Gods 
or Diuels, as they heipe or hurt vs, and fo adore louc or hate) but it is mofl; 
likely from Plato^ for he relying wholly on Socrates^ quern morifotius quam 
mentirl voluijjefcrtbit, ou t of Socrates auihot ity alone,made nine kindcs of s^fii^^" 
them .-firft God, lecondly Ideaae, 3 Intelligences', 4 Archangels, 5 Angels, 
6 Diuels,7 Heroes, 8 Principalities, p Princes; of which feme were abfolute- ^iJJpf^/'^^ ^ 
ly good,as Gods/ome bad,fome indifferent inter deos ^ homines ^2is heroes mre cap's- 
&demones,which ruled men^and were called^^^^,principalities and princes, ytf^Ura qu^e- 
which commanded and fwayed kingsand countries- and had icvcrall places -J^^^^^*!^^^^^^^^^ 
in the Sphacres perhaps, for as euery Spheare is higher , fo hath it more ex- habet habitaio' 
cellent inhabitant; which belike is that GdiUus aGdUeo.^ and Kepler aimes ' 
at in his mncio Syderio^ when hcc will haue ^Suturmne and louhll inhabi- 'Snopf. 
tants; And which Tycho TSrahe doth in fbme fort touch or infinuate in one of t Saiurnintu& 
his Epiftles- but thefc things ""Zmchius iuilly explods, cap, iMb,^.P, martyr. i'lttlTdemfi 

Iff /\.Sam,2^, /a8M/;/}'<ic(8/e- 

So that according to thefemen, the number of aetheriall Spirits muft^""!:^" 
needs be infinitc/For if that be true that fomc of our Mathematicians fay; if a j-^a^ vbiiudisle, 
ftone could fall from the ftarry heauen, or eight Spheare, and (hould pafTe gmeraiiH^tr^ 
cilery houre an hundred miles, it would bee ^5 yeares, or more, before it u'"'^^'^? 9 
would come to ground, by reafon of the great diftance of heauen from Sublunary df. 
earth,whichcont.iines, as fomefay 170 Millions 803 miles, befides thofe jj^^*^^"**^^"^ 
other heaucns whether they be Chriflalline or watery which -^^g^^^ ^ds^ ^^^^^'^g^ 
which pe: aduenturc holds as much more,how many fuch Spirits may it con- y JEn.^ 
taine? And vet for all this " Thomas , Albertu^, and moft hold that there '^M'mthocdh 
DCiarremore Angels then Diuels. fiimet habnare 

But be they more or IcKc^Quodfupra nos nihil adnos. Wee are onely to ^bmaia d^mo^ 
fpeake in briefe of thefe fublunary Spirits or Diuels: for the reft, our Diuines ^^^^^^^^^ 
determine that th^ Diuell had no power ouer fiarres, or heauens. ^ Carmini- Steihs neui or 
bm ctelo poffmt deducere lanam,c}'€*1hokare poeticall fidions,&: that they ^^"^f^t,&Mi 
can y fiftere aqmm jimtts^ & verterefydera retro^&c, as Canma in Horace^ D^mnm 
' tis ail filfe- '^-They are confined vntill the day of iiidgement, to this {Mix- c^iis habUate 
nary world, and can worke no farther then the foure Elements, and as ^^d^^^n^J^^^t^"^ 
permits them- Wherefore of thefe fublunary Diucls,P/d'//«jmakcs fixe kinds, credimui, idem 
fiery aeriall terreftwalL watery^ and fubterranean diuels, befadcs thofe Fai- 4.^.5 

' c \ Q <ie Angel, mdtt- 

ries,SatyrCS,Nymphc^,&C. . I'erermmGm; 

Fiery fpirits or diuels are fiich as commonly workc by blazing f^arres,fire- 
drakes, and counterfeit Sunnes and Moones,flarre s oftentimes, and fit on 
fhip Mafls, which neuer appcarc,faith Cardan, but they fignifie fome mif- 
chicfe or other to come vnco men: Our fbries are full of fuch apparations. 

F z Somg 

I^arc . I . Scdt 2. Caufes of ^Melancholy. Mcmb. i .Subf. i» 

44 Some thinke they keepe their refidencc in that Hecla^a. moun taiiie in Iflan^t 
^L/Etm in sicily^Lj^era^ Fefuvius d^^.Thefe diucis were worfhippcd here- 
tofore by that fiiperftitioiis nyj ofutrl^/*, and the like. 
dDmusdffu. Aeriall Spirits or Divels^are fuch as keep quarter moft part in the * aire, 
unt,mrcs dcii. ^^^^^ tempeits^thunder , and lightnings, teare Oakes, fire Steeples, 
fe turbimbMO- Houles,ltnke men & Beafts, make it raine Itoncs^as in Lsv/estimc^Wooll, 
prectSisy&piti- Frogges,&c.Counterfeit armies intheayre^ftrange noifes/words^&c.as at 
ImZ'cvehunt, ^^^^^^^before the comming of the Turkes, & many times in Rome^ asSche- 
ckognaj.^.c.'}. Yetzitis UbMfpecl.capAMrt.i.LavAter defpe^i.part.i, cap, 17. Jftiius Obfe^ 
\1iUn'"riou' RomariyVCi his booke of prodigies,^^ vrb. cond^ 505. ^ Machia- 

fedit'mes piii- 'z^^'// hath illiiftrated by many examples^ axid/o/e^hus in his hooke de bell!) 
nasy&c. //^^4/ff,beforethedeftrii(5tionof/^'r«/^/(?;». They caufe (vhirlevvindes on a 
b ^<eji. m Liii f^^^^^ ^ ^j^^j tempeftuoiis ftormes , as when a defperate man makes away 
himlelfe, which by hanging or drowning theyfreqiiently doCjas^t??-;?- 
mcinnus M^x\XQ.s^dem'irAc.mort.^AYtq,CApq6,trtpudmm age^tes^dancins, Sc 
reioycing at the death of a finner. Thefe can corrupt the Aire , and caufe 
plagueSjfickneflejftormesjfhipwraeks^fireSjinundations. At Mop^s Braconis 
cDe bello Ne«- in Ita/y^thcrc is a moft memorable example in ^ lovUnus Pontams : And 
dSi^litfgau *iothing,fo familiar i^if wee may beleeue thofe relations o^Saxo Grawmaft- 
dent. Idem lufi. cus, OUus Magfius^ Bamimus A Goes ) as for Witches and Sorcerers, in 
Mart.^poi.pra LapUftd^LitmnU^ixaddW. ouer^cW/^ijtofcIl windes to Marriners, & caufe 
</ lam, tempellsjwhich Marcus Paulus the Venetian relates likewife of the Tartars. 
Thefe kinde of Diucis are much delighted in Sacrifice ( faith Verphyry ) held 
all the world in awe,and had leverall names, Idols,Sacrifices in Rome Greece, 
Egypt at this day tyrannize ouer,and deceaue thofe Ethnicks,& Indians, 
tin Del imlta- being adored and worfhippcd for e Gods. For the Gentiles Gods were Di- 
tioww/aith vels (us t r rifmegilius confefleth in his ^fclepius ) and hee himfelfe could 
t Dii 'Itmm ^^^'^^ ^^^"^ ^'^ ^h^^J^ Imagcs,by Magickc fpells ; And are now as much 
v^mnky&c. ' refpe5iedby our Papf/}s({mh ^ P0oriusjv^derthemme ofSaints. Thele are 
JfJp'Sr^'' they which ar^4«thinkes,defirefo much carnall copulation with witches, 
(Etmncfubdl {Incubi andSuccubfJ transforme bodies^Si are fo very cold,if they be touch- 
vorumnomne edj^ that fetuc Magitians^His father had one of them(as he is not afhamed 
't^du!""^'^' ^ relace^an aeriall DivelI,bouad to him for twenty and eight y cares. As 
g L\b.\%, de re- Agrippa's dogge had a diueli tyed to his coller 5 fome thinke that Paracelfus 
Yum vau ^ov elfc Erajius belies him)had one confined to his fword pummell ; others 
wearetheminrings^&c. /4/?»^ja^/4w^mdidmany things of old by their 
helper Simoff CMagusfinops,md Tritemtus of late, that fhewed Maximi- 
lian the Emperour his wife , after fliee was dead , & verrucam in coUo em 
h L\b,i cap.i, ^faith h Godelman) fo much as the wart in her neck. Belrto //^.2.hath diuerfe 
tTcu;&cVi- ^^.^"^P^^^ ^^^^'^ ^^^^^ • ^^'^^g^^ 3. f 3.and Wierus in his booke ^e pr ne- 

" ' riig,d€momm. 

Water Divels, are thofe Naiades or water Nymphes , which haue beenc 
heretofore converfant about Waters and Rivers. The water ("as Paracelfus 
thinkes; is their Chaos,wherein they lige: fome call them Fairies^U fay that 
Hahundia is their Queene: thefe caufe Inundations, many times fhipwracks, 
lUikAe zilpbls. and deceaue men diuerfe waies,as Succub^^or otherwife. » Paracelfiu hath fe- 
verall ftories of them that haue liued and beene married to mortall men, and 
focontiauedfor ccitaineyeares withthem,and after,vpon fome diflikejiauc 


Part.i.Sed.1. Digreffion of Spirits, Memb. i.^ub£2. 

forfaken them. Such a one was zMgeria , with whom Numa was fo familiar, 45 
VUna^ Ceres, c^c, ^ OUms Magnus hath a long narration otone Hot her m a ^ ^^.3. 
King of Srveden^i^n hauing lolt his company , aj he was hunting one day, 
met with thefe water Nymphes or Fairies , and was feafted by them. And 
fJecior Boeth 'tus, oiMackbeth, and Banco^ two Scottifh Lords, that as they 
were wandering in the Woods, had their Fortunes told them, by three ^^''^T'^^^^^*- 
ftrange Women. To thefe heretofore they did vfe to/acnfice, by that TfefmZt' 
v«Apo/xflUfTE<c8,,or divination by Waters. fedinemm* 
Tcrreftriall Divels , arethofe ^ Ur^s^ Gen^.Faunes , Satyrs ^ ^ St/^r^^ 
nyvci'^hcs^Vo\\oi%^ak\ts,BobtngooclfellowesyT rulli^ Which as they are ^vl^ldcslo^i' 
moft converfant with men, fo they doe them moft harme. Some thinke it.<i^«5 Hamad'ji' 
was they alone that kept the Heathen people in awe of old, and had lo many ^^^j q^^, 
Idols and Temples erc6led to them. Of this range was DAgon amongft vocat.iih.i. 
Philiftims,'5^//amongft the Babylonians3o4(/?i(zr^(fj amongft the Sydonians, ^^^'^^'^/'j j* 
to/amonglt the Samaritans , ifis and Ojyris amongft the Egyptians, &c. Eivjrlm7bo'' 
Some put our Fairies into this ranke , which haue beene in former times a- 
dored with much fupcrftition,wiih fweeping their houfes, and fetting ^^^""adcT/Sde 
payle of clcane wacer,good viduals^and the iike,and then they fhould not be i» utras impri- 
pinchedjbut finde moriy in their rhooes5and be tortunate in their enterprifes . f""j^h^J 
Thefe are they that dance on heaths and grccnes , as ™ Lavater thjpkes ; and ^^f^ orbicuU- 
as ^ 0Uu4 Magnm addes,Ieaue that greene circle,which we commonly finde ni[n^& gra- 
in plaine fields, which others hold to proceed from a Meteor falling, or fome oZne^zii^bl 
accidental! rantnefle of the ground,fb Nature fports her felfc.-they are fome- & 'Vigm*u, 
times feene by old women and children. Hkron,Pattli^ in his defcription to ^^^f'^^ '^^^3-^ 
the Citty of Bercino in Spai»eyVchtcs how they haue becnc familiarly feenc '^^nfmt' 
neere that towne^about fountaines and hills. ^ Parace/fus reckons vp many imovm&fi^ 
places in Germany ^vjhtvc they doe vfually walkc in little coats,fome two foot 
long. A bigger kinde there is of them^called with vs Hobgoblins , and Robin purgant, patinas 
GoodfelLowes ^ih^x. would in thofc fupcrflitious times,grindecorne for a mcflfe mndam yiii^aa 
ofmilkc,cut wood, or doe any manner of drudgery worke. They would ^^'^J^'^^'^JJ 
mend old Irons in thofe ^JEoltan lies of Ly^ara , in fonner ages , and haue q Ai minifieria 
beene often feene and heard. P T holofanm calls them TruUos and Getulos , & ^^^^^ 
faith,thac in his dalts they were common in many places of France. Dithma- 
rm "Bleskemt46 in his defcription of///W,reports for a certainty, thi^t almofl '^'^^^ ^^inke ) 
in every family they haue yet fome fuch familiar fpirits ; And Fdix Adalleo- aer,oTfuch"'^' 
lua in his booke de crude/.damon, affirmes as much, that thefe Trolls, or Tel- like villany 
chines ^arc very common in Norwey , and 4 ^eene to doe drudgery worke : To ^^'J^'^'"^^;^^ 
drawe warer,faith wierm lib,i.cap,22, drefle meat,or any fuch thing. Ano- rum varietat, 
ther fort of thefe there are,which frequent forlornc ^ houfes , which the Itali- if^ei 
ans call Foliots^mo^L part innoxious, * Cardan holds ? TheywillnMke Hr ange ^^^^atlium 
noifes in the night hovple fometimes ^ittifitUy , and then laugh againe , caufe vel e purgatorit 
great flame and fudden lightsfling fiones/attle chaines.^auemen^open dores^ veUpftd^mmi 
andfhut themjling dorvne platter sjiooles^chefls^fometime appeare tn the like- ^ ^^^m le- 
nejfe of Hares ^Crowes J^lack Dogges^drcoi which read t Pet,Thyr<tu6 the le- murei domefti- 
(uite in his TradJelGclsin/eJlfs^part,i.cap,udr cap.^. who will haue them to ^^'^^^/^if 
be Divels,or the foules of damned men that feeke revenge , or elfe [bules out patim^oiias, 
of Purgatory that feeke eafe,for fuch examples perr.fe ]Sigifmundm Scheret- T^^a^fe£- 

mjir ^HidamvKtsemlttHnt^tiultfhtpfmmittitnu&c.vt cm% mgri/eles,vmiform^&fy 
F 3 UHS 

P ^rc,i,Se(5i:.i, CaufesofMelaneholy, Memb.i.Siibrz. 

4<J zm libje /p«ciris,part. i.cap,i, which he (aith,hc tooke out of Luther , mofl 
fH/ijl. /i6.7, part^ tl-jere be many inftanccs, ^ Plmim Secnndm remembers (iich a houfe at 
Athens,vjh\c\\ Athenodortts the Philofopher hired,vv!iich no man durft inha- 
bit for feare of Divels. AuftmJe civitjei //^-i 2.f4/».8.relates as much o^He- 
^erim the Tribunes houfe oiZubeda neere their citty of Hippos , vexed with 
evill fpiritsto his great hinderance, cum affiidione Ammalium i^i' fervor um 
/uorumM^x\y fuch inftances are to be read in Nidertm Formtcar-L j.r. 12.5. 
&c. Whether I may call thefe Zim and 0/'to,which ifay cap, 13.2 i.fpeakes 
ofj make a doubt; fee more of thefe in the faid ScheretzMb, 1. de fpeci^cap,^, 
he is full of examples. Thefe kinde of Di veils many times appeare to men,& 
tMendiomiei affright them out of their wits,{bmetfmes walking at ^ noone day.fometimes 
LTalT'them' "ights,countcrfeiting dead mens Ghofts, as that of CaliguU, which ( faith 
or Aiaftms7.} Suetomusjwas feene to walkc in Laruinids garden, where his body was buri- 
ed,fpirits haunted^Si the houfe where he died,* nu^La nox fine terrore tranf- 
•j^"l^^^^i2'^^ a5ia,donec imen^^^ every night this happened , there was no 

quietne{Ic,till the houfc was burned. About H^'f/^ in lfla»dfi]\o{{s common- 
ly w^iWiQ^ammasmortuorHm jimulantesj^^ith loh AmnMb.T,.de »at, d^em, O- 
iau6 lib. 2. cap, 2. NataLT allopid.lib.de apparit.fpir, Kornmannus de mirac^ 
morf.part.iMp.^^.{iich fights are frequently feene circa fepulchra Mom- 
JierixX^kllLavatMb,i,cap,ip,m Monafteries and about Church-yards,/(?^'^ 
palndittofa^ampU adtfictajolifaria^ Cdtde homimm notata^ ^c, Thjrem 
Addcs^vbigraviud peccatum efl comiffum^tmpi^^ pauperum opprejfores^c^ ne- 
t ^m'x^ia a ^^^^^^^ infignei habitant, Thefe fpirits often foretell mens deaths , by fe verall 
tojTia lib. 3. flgnes,as knocking,gronings,&c.t Neere Rupesnova in FmlandjXn the king- 
mgxap.s. dome of^'ivf ^/i?;^,there is a Lake,in which^before the Gouernour of the Ca-. 

ftle dies^a fpe^irum in the habit o{ Arion^NVsh his Harpe appeares,3nd makes 
excellent mufickc,likethofe blocks in chefhire jwhich( they fay } prefage death 

* M cary. Sur- to the Mafler of the family : or that * Oke in Lanhadran Parke in Corptivall^ 
Tay of Cornw. which forefhewcs as much. Many families in Europe , are fo put in minde of 
/w. 2 foi. 1 40. jIj^ • J. j^f^^ijy fy^i^ predidions, and many men are forewarned if we may be- 

leeueP^r^f^^^byfimiliarfpirits^indiverfefhapes, asCockcs, Crowes, 
Owlcs,which often houer about ficke mens chambers , vel quia morientium 
t nmo Geni f^^^^^^^^ fentiunt , as t 'Saracelius coniedures , dr ideo fuper tecium infir- 
ah foi. 1 3 7. morum crocitantybcciLuic they finell a cor fc ; or for that (as Bermrdif2us de 
^bduciint'eosd '^^J^^ thinketh)God permits the Divell to appeare in the forme of Crowes, 
re^a via,& vi- fiich like creatures,to fcarre fuch as liue wickedly here on earth. A little 
am iter fackn- before T uRies death(^faith Plutarch) the Crowes made a mighty noife about 
tibmmurck- ^fumultuofc perfirepentcs , they pulled the pillow fromvnder his head. 

* Lib.i. Such prodigies are very frequent in Authors. See more of thefe in the faid 
■Dgmmum csi- i^^y^f^yrrhyreus delocitirifeciii.part,7,,cap.s%.Vi^orimJ)^ 1 7 
<//Wttr ibifrr. ff^/'.p.NegroiTiancers take vpon them, to raife & lay them at their pleafures, 
mmte% iUufio- And f o likewife thofe which Mizaldus cals Ambulo?2es jthat waike about mid- 
^z«tW«OT "^8^^ ^" ^^^^^ Heaths and defart places,which ( fiich ^ Lavater ) dravoe men 

(e d'focicnt,out oftheyvay,andleadthemaUmght a bjvpxy ^ or quite barre them of their 

aui a tergo ma- j^^^y . thefe hauc feusrall names in feuerall places ; wee commonly call them 
S^rfo- P^^^'^- ^^^^ defarts o^Lop in Afia^iach illufions of walking fpirits are often 
(im(m,vtare- perceaued,as you may read in Ad.Panlus the Venetian his travels : If one 
^Mll&t loc)fc his company by chance, thefe Diuels will call him by his name, and 


Part.i.Sed.i. Digreffion of Spirits. Memb.i.SubC& 

- counterfeit voices of his companions to feduce him. Hieronym. Vduli in his 47 
booke of the iiils of 5/'^/>j^,relates of a great y mount in Cantdhriaj\^hQiQ fuch y Mm [ierUis 

fpeBrums are to be feene, Lavater and Ckognei haiie variety of examples , of ^ "'^•'^^^ ' 
Ipirits^and walking Diuels in this kinde. Sometimes they fit by the high way ^Tcvmima^. 
fide,to giiie men lall5,and make their horfes ftumble and itart as they ride, Z'^'''."'- 
fifyou will beleeue the relation of that holy man /C^-^f /^//i in f Nubrtgcnfis, ])^^nd'mt^J^. 
that had an efpeciall grace to feeDiuels^f^//^/^ aivimtuscoUaiam , & talke cmnt trmfi- 
with them,c^ impavduscumfpiritthusfermonem mijcere^ without offence) ^^'^ 
and if a man curie or fpurre his horie for ilumbling, they doe heartely reioice ridmamvei 
at it: with many fuch pretty jfeats. hommmveiiH- 
Subterranean Divcls are as common as the reft , and doe as much harme. ^^auer^efa- 
OUus Magnus J,'tb, 6. cap, 19, makes fix kindes of them, fome bigger, fome danty&maxi' 
leffe. Thele f faith 2^ Mmjier) are commonly feene about mines of mettals, f/JJ^'"" 
and are fome of them noxious,fome againe doe no harme. The mettall men cJibHifavkt. 
in many places account it good lucke,a figne of treafure , and rich Ore when ^» ce^mogr. 
they fee them. G'^<7rg/»/ o^r/f <7/^,in liis booke defubterYcineis unimmtihus, ^^^'^^^^ 
f<«/'.37.reckons two more notable kindes ofthem,which he calk ^ Getuli and itfim & opm 
Cobali^hoxh are cloaihed after the mmner of mettall -men ry/ U many times "'-^ '^winan^ 
imitate their workes^Xh^xx officejas Piciorius and Varacelfm thinke , is to ' ' 
keepe treafure in the earth,that it be not all at once revealed : and befides, \>imm\^o in 
^ C/^^?^«4averres, that they are the frequent caufes of thofe horrible Earth- ^''"''^ cmeres 
quakcs,Tvhich often ftvaUorv vp,noto^/y hou/es^but whole Jlands and Cttties: ^Inlmmefi-. 
in his 3.booke f 4^.1 i.he giues many inrtances. ciunt, quipHsfj* 

Thus the Divell raignes^and in a thoufand feuerall fhapes , y4s a roaring d^/^rw 
Lion Jlillfeekes vehom he way devour e^i.Pet.'^hy Earth,Sea,Land, Ayre, as fcddvitaia in- 
yet vnconfined,though t fome will haue his proper place the ayre , all that ^'i^'^^ »»/«'< 
fpace betwixt vs and the Moone,for them that tranfgreffed lealt , & hell for Thf r*^officcs 
the wickedeft of them,^/^ velut in carcere ad finem mundi, tunc in locum fu- operations, 
nejliorem trudendi,as Aufttn holdcs de civit, Dei cap,2iSib, i^.cap.^.dr 2 3. f'^J^'^^ 
but be where he will, he rageth while he may to comfort himfelfe , as ^ Lac- Epbef.idemMi^ 
tantim thinkes,with other mens {alls,he labours all he can to bring them in- chaeiiscap. ^.de 
to the fame pit of perdition with him.For ^ mens miferies^ calamities ^ ru- 
ines^are the Divels banqueting difh^s. By many temptation s and feuerall en- ir?fcfiu. 
gines,he feckes to captivate our foules. The Lord oflies , faith e L^uflin, as ^^^^-"'J^g^^* 
he rvas deceaued himfelfe , hee feekes to deceaue others^ the ring-leader to all ruT^uM"' 
naughtinef{e,as he did by £«f and Cain^Sodome^^nd Gomorrah^Co would he maiigni fpirim 
doe,by all the world. Sometimes he tempts by couetoufneife, drunkenneffe, ^'^^^f^^im'' 
pIeafure,pride,&c.Heftudiesouroiierthrovve, and feckes our deflru(Stion. 
And although he pretend many times humane good, and vendiiate himfelfe '^Jf^°J^^fJ^f 
for a God,by curing of feverall difeafcs, £gru fanitatem , cacis luminu v- bJ^gperamU!' 

fum reJ}ituendo^d.s Aupn dcc\aiLCsJib.io,deCiv,Deicap:6.as Apollo ^o^fcu-^Mortaiium 
lapiui^ljis^o^ old haue done,divert plagues, aflift them in wars, pretend their ^^j^^"^'^^^^^ 
happineffejyet nihil hii impuriu6^fcelefliH6^nihil humano geneTitnfejlitis^wQ- rmd^mmm. 


c DmlHus mUacii i feipro deceptusalios decipm Ckpit, adveriarius bumani generis , fitventor mriiSifu^rbite m(iitid$rtradix 
ml'ttitSyfcelcrum caput^rimepi omnium vitiorumyfwfit inde in dei cmtumeHamj^oninum permtim ,de hdrum cmaiibui & opera' 
tiombui lege Epjphaniumi.TomM.x. Dionyfmm cap./^.AmbroC.EpiftoUib.io ep^.&i^^itguli.de irvjei lib.^,cap,9'lib*S^<^ 
7.zJib.9.i2.lib,\ o.zi Tbeophil. in \t.HMMftLep.i\l.Uon<m Ser.6o.Theodeftt. in 1 1 Xor.ep.z. CbryfJhctn.<i^,iniz, Genefi 
Gregjn 1. cap. Job.Banhol.de propli c.io ZancbMdemalU aniflU. Perer.in GeaM.i.mcap. 6. i. Origen/fepeprieliismet^ 
jHat^tintrn & negetia noflra quKemqf dm^mt Qkndt^mfvk^idiH o^tatos ftpe pr^ebent [mcejfHSiPet.CMartM Sam. &ei 


Parc.i.Sea.2. Digrefon ofDiuells. Memb. iSnU.t: 

48 thing fo impure, nothing fo pernitious ^ as m.iy well appearc by ihcir ryran- 
nicall^and bloody facrifices of men to Moloch^ which are ftill in vfe amongft 
thofe Barbarous Indium^ their feucrall deceits and coufcnings to keepe meii 
in obediencCj their falfe oracles, facrifices-, their fuperftitious impofitions of 
fa(ls,peniiry,&c. herefies/uperftitions^obfcrvatiovis of meats, times, &c. by 
f£r -jcfef min- which they ^ crucifie the foules of mortallmen , as fhall bee lliewed in our 
cipkcircumfert Yi^sh'iCq of Religious Melancholy. Modkoadhuc tempore fimtur mdignarl^ 
g L^i/e/y^af- as^5<fr;?^r^exprefleth ir,byGods permiffio he rageth a while^hereaftcr to be 
confined to hell and darkneffe, rphkh is prepared fir htmAndhisi^nge]ls^ 

How farre their power doth extend, it is hard to determine, what the 
Ancients held of their clfeds, force and operations,! will briefly fhew y on.? 
Plafo in Critias^mA after him his followers^gauc out that thefe fpirits or Pi- 
sth^were mens govermnrs and keepers , our Lords and M ajiers 04 wee are of 
* Cudodcs t -nt ^'^^ * They governe Provinces and Kingdomes by oracles , augur its^ 
bomitiim &e- dreameSprewards,and punifbments,prophefies,infpirations , facrifices , and 
orumvt nts a- religious fuperftitions^varicd in as many forrhes, as there be diuerfity of fpi- 
cTrScS'^ rits,they fend warresjplaguesjpeacejficknelle, health, dearth, plenty, &c. as 
fixpofitl regmt appcarcs by thofe hifJories oiThucidtdes^Liviu^y Dionyjim Halicarnaffemy 
auoimfi^fomnm with many others, that are full of their ftratagems, & were therefore by thofe 
*'&^!^mUs^c ^^^^^ Greekc commonwealths adored and worfhipped for Gods,with 
i Omnijmag. ' prayerSjand facrifices,&c.Tr/>^'w/«^ in his booke de feptemfi:cundis^ aifigncs 
/i^.z.wp.ij. names to fuch Angels , as are gouernours of particular Provinces , by whac 
authority I knowe not, and glues them feuerall iurifdidicns. Afclepiades a 
Grecian jRabbi Achiha the lew , ^^y^braham L^uenezrd , and Rabbi AzarieU^ 
Arabians,(as I finde them cited by t Cicogna) farther 4dde, that they are not 
our gouernours only, (ledex eorum concordik ^ difcordiajjoni ^ mali affe^ 
Bus prommant^DiM as they agrce,fb doc we & our Princes,or difagree; (land 
or fall,/^^;?t? was a bitter enimy to Troy , K^poUo a good frend, lupiter indif- 
feicntjMqua Venus TeucriSy PaUas iniqua fuit.-foinc are for vs ftill, fbme a- 
gainftvs, Pr entente Deo fert Dem alter opem» Religion, pollicy, publike 
and priuate quarrels, warres,plagucs,dearths, depend on them, our bene and 
m tlc ejfe^axid almofi all our other peculiar adions,preferments, lolfes, wed- 
. dings,deaths, rewards and punidiments , &c. when the Arcades in that bat- 
"•^^Udpclno- tie at cherondsa^yNhich. was fought againft king Phdip for the liberty oiGreece^ 
vitlm auiicum had deceitfully carried them(elues,longafta,in the very fame place,^^^ GrA- 
tm^pfne cUvltoribus (faith mine author) they were miferablyflaine by -^(f/f-W the 
obrum,&mui Roman, So likewifein fmallcr matters they will haue things fall out,as thefe 
'^l^^'" '^''°''".'"^<?»/ and w<j//<j^»^ favour or diflikevs; Saturnim non conveniunt loviali* 
Zntm^prT bus^&ch^ that is Satfirninusft\?L\\ neuer likely be preferred. ^ That bafe fcl- 
hero perkuium lowes are often aduanced,vndeferuing Gnatoes^ and virions parafites, when 
I'i^'^'^^J^^'^^s^i^^^^ negleded and vnrewarded. 

Idem, they refctrc to thefe domineering fpirits,or fubordinate Gen^^ as they are in- 
Thlioftp'nnoH cIined,or fauour men,fo they thriue. All particular events almort they refer 
'cm7'^nT& thefe private fpirits: and (^s Paracelfas addes; they, direa, teach, infpire, 
wftm obM- and inflrutSi: men: Neuer was any man extraordinary famous in any Art , or 
fum mum fape^ g^^^j commandcr,that had not familiarem d^monem to informe him as Nu- 
^ut'^elit^t&6> f»^,So(rates,imd many fuch. But diefeare mofl erroneous paradoxes'j//?^/'/^ 


Part.i.vycd.!. DigrefJtGnofDiuells . Memb.i.Subf.i^ 

^ fibuhft mg£yxc\c^c^ by our Divines^and Chriftian Churches .'Tis true 4^ 
they haue,by Gods permi{lion,poweroucrvs, and wcfinde by experience, 
that they can hurt not our fields only jCatcelljgoods, bu t our bodies & minds. 
At Hdrnmeivci Saxony, Pin, 1484. 20 lunij, The Diuell in likenefTe of a pied hGodimnm 
piper^cariicd away 1 30 children , that were neuer after fccne. Many timcs^^PJ:''^- 
men are » affrighted out of their wits^carried away quite, as SherazamxWu- zSmUb 4. 
flrates//^.i.c^/'.4.and feverally molefted by his meanes. Vlotinui the pUto^ ca(uo.&u. * 
mjl Itb. 14. (idverf^Gm[l,\zvi^\s them to fcorne , that hold the Divell or Spi- ''^^f'^'* 
rits ca.i caufL- any fuch difcalcs. Many ihinkc hee can worke vpon the body, J/^s/m fm'w 
but not vpon the minde. But experience pronounceth otherwife/that he can/** effic\m% 
w orke both vp on body and minde. 7* crtuJlian is of this opinion, that f^l^t^^^'^f 
he can catife both ftcknejfe and health ^2lx\^ that fecretly . ^ Taurt]ltis addes, by G 
ckncuUr po/fnns h3 cart hiet't the bodies ^ and hinder the operations of thc^^'^^'"^ 
bdVQcls ^though voeferceaue tt nox^ ciojeiy cnepmg wtc them , laith Upptts^ Druspemittat 
and fo crucifie our (ouics ; t ES nociva melancholia (uriofos ejjiciunt. For ^^'pf'^ »olita 
being a (pirituail body,he ftruc^^lcs with our fpirits , fairh Rogers , and fug- ^^//J^^'^"'"^' 
geftsf'acco.ding to Cardm^verua Jine uecej^ecies fine i/^^envy jluft^anger, mrtbonm '& . 
&c.) as he fees men irichned. m^mm gcme 

The r* '.anner hov he pcrformes it^Biarmannu^ in his Oration againft Bo- mi^^a'^emra- 
dine fiifificisntly declares,//^ ^ beginne y firlt with the phantafie^d' moues that & f*vire. 
fo (Ironqly.that no reafon is able torefi[l.'Ho\w the Vhantafie he moues by me- \ ;5^^'^^f ^ P"* 
diation ot humours: Although many Phylitians are ot opinion ,,tha t t'le Di- [amtate%. 
veil can alter the minde^and produce this diieafe of himfelfe. Qjiibufdam me- i^tfcerumac^ 
dtcorum vifum, laith P 4vicenna , quad Ulielancholia contingxt a dctmonio, ^i^^llelltenZ' 
Of the fame minde is Pfelltss and Rhafis the t^rabjib, \.TraB,<),Com,'\ That & venem mbk 
this drfeaje proceeds efpecially from the Divell^andfrom him alone. Arculanus f^^'^g^f^^^"^ 
cap,6Jn ^. Rhafis ^c^lianus Montaltus in his 9, cap, confirme as much , that m inepentes 
the Divell can eaufe this difeafe; by reafon many times that the parties 2i^e.-ioiptn\bui6c(ul' 
ded prophecy ,fpeake ftrange language , ^^"^non fine interventuhurnorii ^^^^^J^^^^^ 
not without the humour,as he interprets himfelfe: no more dorh Avicenna^ rent^mofibrei 
ficontingat a, di£jnonto,[rfficit nobis vt convert at complexionem ad choleroin ^^^"^"^^^J^^^" 
nigram^C^ fit caufa eius propinqua cholera nigra, the immediate caule is cho^ c.) ^. 
leradu'!:an':ithercvpon belike this humour ot Melancholy , iscAlf^d Balne'^^trermvit, 
D/^W/jthe Divds barb: the Divell fpying his opportunity of fuch hu- 'J^^j^^J'^^^^ 
mours,driiies rherri many times to defpaire,fury,r3ge3&c,mir>gling himfelfe immediate itcU 
amongft thofe humoufs. This is that which Lemntus goes about to proiic, \>^ 'H^iWm'^ 
Immifcent fe maligenij pravis humor ibtts^at^ atr<z bili^cl^c. And ^ iifon Pfa-'^'^[^J. ^^^J* 
ten/is ^t hat the Divell being a /lender ineomprehenftblejpirtt , can eafily infi- fifmn vaniicd- 
. nuateandrviniehtmfclfe into humane bodies ^ and ^^^^^^glj^^^c^^^^^(^ff^^^^J^!^f^l^i 
bowels, vitiate our healths ^terri fie ourfouks with fearefulL dredmes, & jhakc xitmai'wa, ra^ 
cur minol£ with fitries. And in another place, Thefe vncleane fpirits fet led in "'^f n- 
our bodies ^and now mixt with our mclincholy humours , doe triumph , as it '^^XTimTJif 
rpere,and /port themfelues as in another heauen. Thus he argues,and that they mmm, tmhat 
goein and out ofour bodie$,as Bees doe in a Hiue.and fo ptovoke & tempt K^^. ^/i^o/* 

o ' ? t I conncit. /sujiin^ 


f Ijb.^.FeH.i.TraSl.4.citp 1^, q AD^emonemax'meprofcifcii&fepcfoh. t CapJemmallbJe motbi^ Ceiebri;DiemmSj 
quUmftnt tenues^'momfnbenfibilei fpiritut/einftiuarecorporibus hummispffrnt, & occulte invifcetibus opertivaletudmem 
vitiarcfimr.iis ammt terrere &'menteifur<nihus quattre.Jvfiauavt fc meiavcholkorimpenetralibM^intus tbig, ctnftdimt ^ dglu 
mmutitancium in rcffone elarij/imomm ftisxmfCeiHntq^ animm fume,' 

G vs 

Part.i.Se£t.2. Nature of Dmlls. . Memb.i.Subf2. 

50 vs as they perceaue our temperature inclined ofit felfe , ant '^.oA apt to be« 
mullmof' ^^g^^PP^ 3"*^ t /^d^4^^r are perfwadcd that this numour invites 

M.xJlp.i.di ^^^c Divell to ir^wliercfoeucr it is in extremity , and of all other , melancholy 
^earii. perfbns are molt Aibiedt to diabolicall temptations , and ilkiiions , and mort 
t sm cme & entcrtaine them , and the Divell bell able to worke vpon them . Bnt 
fic a dttmoAt whether by obfelhonjOr pofrcflion,or otjierv/ile,! will not determine , tis a * 
oh^^a. diA. difficiikqueflion. Delrio thelefiiit, r^«?. 3./?/'. ^.i'/^r/^^^'f- and his Col- 
Greg.pai,cap.9, lcague,«3^//.^^/(?/. Pef. Tfyreus,th€lcfuitjfkde d^monixcis^ de locis Infeflis^ 
de Terrific at to f2ibus no6lurnis ^Hieronymus Mcngus FlageL^tem. and others 
of that rancke oi pontificiali writers,it feemcSjby their exorcifmcs and coniu- 
rations approue ofit.hauing forged many ftorics to that purpofe. A Nunnc 
did eat a lettice ^ without grace , or pgmng it with thefigne of the crojje ^ and 
was inflantly po((tircd,Dura^dMk6.Rat/om/.cap.So.mm, 8. relates that hee 
law a wench pollefled in with two Diuells , by eating' an vnhallow- 

cd Pomegranet,as (lie did afterward sconfelle, when ilic was cured by exor- 
cilmes. And therefore oar Papifts doe figne themfekics fo often with the 
(igne of the Crofle,«^^^^i?/^/>^^r^<5i?/rf/i^y//3andexorcifeaIl manner of meats, 
as being vnclcane or accurfcd otherwife, as 'Bellirmine dthndi. Many fuch 
ftorics 1 finde amongft Pontificiall writers, to proue their aflertions,let them 
free their own credits; feme few I will recite in this kinde out of mofl appro- 
ved Phyinians.Cor/ie/ius Gemma lih,i.de ffat.mirac,cap.^.idates.o[a young 
maid jCalkci'Katheri/xe Gmltera, Coupers daughtetjA^ 1 571. that had fucii 
Grange paflions and convulllons , three men could not fometimes hold her; 
iflie purged aliueEele, which he faw a foot and a halfe long, and touched 
himfelfe: but the Ecle afterward vanifhed,fhe vomited fome 24 pouds of ful- 
fbme ftulfe of all colours,twice a day for fouretcenc daies: and after that, flic 
voided great bals ofhaire^peecesof wood^pigcons dungjparchment, Goofe 
dungjcolcs^and after them two pound of pure bloodjand then againe coles, 
and fioneSjofwhich fome had infcriptions, bigger then a walnut, fome of 
them peeces of glaflc , bralfe , &c. Befides firange paroxifmes of laughing, 
weeping,and extafieSj&c, Et hoc(if3quit) cum horrore vidi^ this I faw with 
horror. They could doe no good on her by Phy ficke^but left her to the Cler- 
gie. Marcellus Vonatus lil?.i.cap.i.de med.mirAbh^i^ fuch another flory ofa 
^ country fcllow^thathad foure kniues in his belly , Injiar ferr£ dentatos , in- 

dented like a (aWjevery one a fpanne long,and a wreath of haire like a globe, 
with much baggage of like fort,wonderfuIl to behold- How it fhould come 
into his gutts , he concludes, Certenonaltojiuam dtumomsaftuttJi ^olo^ 
L/tngius eplfi.med.lih. i. 3 8. hath many relations 10 this effe6^, & fo hath 
Chriflophorus a Vega : Wierm^ tkenkim, Scribmitis , all agree that they are 
donebythcfubtiltyandillufion oftheDiuell. If you fhall aske a reafon of 
f vm^^iM 0' ^^^^^'^'^^ to exercife our patience/or as t TertuUiart holds, w^/^ no» efl vir- 
fifie.Dei. tffSymp comparem hahet alicpuem^in quo fupermdo vim fuam Qpendaty 'tis to 
try vs and our faith,'tis for our ofFences,and for the punifhmcnt of our finns 
»tf.r#OT by Gods permiflfion they doe it, Carnifices vindiBdt iufi£ Dei^as ^ To/o/ams 
ftilcs them,Executioners of his will: or rather as David,PCaLyS.verf.^p. He 
cafl vf?n» them the fiercenejfe of his Anger ^indignationy wrath ^ and vexation 
by finding out of evill angeHs: So did he afflid lob , Saul, the lunatickes and 
dieraoniacall perfons whom Chn'ft cured,iV4^,4.§.z:»f.4.n.£«(-.i^.^4rf.^ 


Part. I . ^'ca.r . Cdufes of Melancholy . Memb.i.SubCjo 

Tobit,^.y.(^c. This, I fay happeneth for a punifliment of finne ^ for their 5 % 
want of faith jincrcdulityjweakticfrejdiftruftj&c- 

S V B S B C T. 3» 

CfWitches and Mdgittansjjow they caufe MeUmholj], 

Ou haue heard what the Divell can doe of himfeIfe,now you fhall 
heare what he can perfbrme by his inrtriiments , who are many 
times worfe fif it be pofTiblej then he himfelfe,and to fatisfie their 
revenge and Iuft,caiife more mifchiefe^w^Z/^ maUnon egif. 
fet d^tmpn^niffrovocatm k y%/V,as ^ Eraflm thinkesj much harme had ncuer 
bccne done,had he not beene prouoked by Witches to it. He had not ap- ^ i^mst 
pearcd in Samuels fhape,if the Witch of Endor had let him alone 5 or repre- 
icnted thofe ferpents in Pharads prefence, had not the Magitians vrged him 
vnto it; nec morhos veihominibus^'velbrutis infiigeret ( £r^/?/z^ maintaines ) 
fifdg^e 6[uiefcerent'j men and catde might goe free , if the Witches would let 
him alone. Many deny Witches at all j or if there bee any , they can doe no 
harme: of this opinion is merus lib. 7,. cap, 5 3. de pr^Jiig. dam. t^ujlm Ler- 
chemer a Dutch \six\xex.^B 'tArmanm^ Ewkhhts^ Eurvaldus , our countriman 
S cof :hi\t on the contrary are moftLawyers,Divines3Phifitians,Philofbphers^ 
ger^ Niderius I'tb .<^,E orniciLr .Cuiatius ^ Artolm^confil.6. torn, i. Bodine d^' t Etqumode 
momantM.iMp.^.GodelmartyDamhodersus^drc.Paracelfus^EraJlus^ Scriba- J^//^" - 
muSyCamerArius^drc. The parties by whom the Divell deales , may be redu* 
ced to thefe two/uch as command him in fhew at leaft,as Coniurers,or fuch 
as are commanded^as witches that deale ex parte tmpUcttc , or exp/kite, as 
they hath well defined 5 many fubdiuifions there are, and many feuerall y'^ttjuohm 
fpecies of Sorcerers, W^itcheSjInchanters,Charmers,&c. They haue beene 
tolerated heretofore fome ofthem 3 and Magicke hath beene pubhkely pro- 
fcfled in former times^in ^ Salamanca jCracouU^ other places^though after z An Vnivcr- 
cenfuredbyfeuCLall ^ Vniverfities^andnow generally contradidled. Thatf'^'" spame 
which they can doejis as much almoft as the Diuell himfclfc , who is flill rea- i"ol15d^ana 
dy to fatisiie their dcfircs,to oblige them the more vnto him.They can caufe Paris,fec fine* 
tempefts , flormes 5 which is familiarly pradtifed by Witches in ;Vf7;'rv^, 
iJland^TiS I haue proued.They can make friends enimies,and enimies friends, 
by philters,^ turpes amoves conciliare , enforce loue, tell any man where his hErajlut. 
friends are,about what employed, though in the mofl remote places. And 
ifthey will, t br/ng their fvceet hearts to them by night , vpon a Goats backe 
flying in the ayre.Sigifmund Sheretzius^part . \,cap, g , de fpe6i^ reports confi- 
dently, that he conferred with fundry fuch, that had beene fo carried many 
miles,and that he heard witches themfelues confefle as much: hurt and in- 
fed men and beafts, vines, cornc,cattIe,plants, make women abortiuc,not to \%ttnkmi^m 
conceaue,^4rf men and women vnapt and vn^ble^ married and vnmari- 
ed, 50 feuerall waies, faith Bodine : flye in the ayrc, meet when and where tribmfufuran''- 
they will, as Cicogna proues, and Lamt, de fpecl,pArt.2,cap,ij, fleale young tur^aUhfup^op 
children out of their cradles^ miniflcrio djemonum, ^ put deformed in their 
roomes^htch me callchangeltngs^ laith * Scheretztm,part^ i. cap^ 6, make ats, 

G 2 men 

Part i.Sedbi. Caufa of Melancholy. Memb.i.Subf.5, 

52 men vitl:orious, fortunate, eloquent. And therefore in thofe ancient<^ Mono- 
cMiiici Hiachies and combats they were fearched of old, they had no Magicall 
dD. Luther .In. charmes- they can make ^ ftick frees, fuch as fhall endure a rapiers point, or 
primum pracep- muskct fliot, and neucr bee wounded, ^ reprefcnt dead mens fhapes, alter 
Sflif J!i '^"'^"^ thcmfclucs and others into feuerall formes, at their pleafures: La{\ 
Fafcino. * ' ' ofail^cureand ciufc moft difeafes, to fuch as they hate,and this of§ MeUn- 
tLiuater,ckog. ^.yiy amongft tl ic red- Paracel/us To,^. de morhis ament'mm^ Tra^.i, in ex- 
g 4doipim ptefle vvordi affirmes,3/^/// fafcinmtur in melamholiAm\ many are bewit- 
sc'ibanm. ched into Melanclioly, out of liis experience. The fame, faith I)aKaf^ liyde 
^^vilXuWvm^^ grumpmos mduxerunt: 

d'efcnbem: I haue feen thofe that haue caufed Melancholy in the rnoft grieuou s manner, 
uxcfecamm- b ^y^g^ vpomcm pappes^cured gout^pdfie, this md A^olexie^Fdling Sick- 
joblre^mentes: > which nophyfickccouldheipejolo td^u^ by touch alone. RuUnd tn his 
^as veiit,aft ^. Cent^ Cura, 9 1 . giues an inflaiice ofone DaaU Helde a young man,\vho by 
'^^^ ^remas^ eating cakes which a Witcfi gauc bim^mox de/irare c^pit-jDCgan to dote on 
h Goddmamn a fuddaine,and was inftantly mad:F:ff:D: in i Htlde^vtm^ coniukcd about a 
cap.jM'j.i. m- Melancholy man^thought his di/eafe was partly Magicall, and partly naru- 
pZficZTfoio^ ^'^^^5 becaufe he vomited peeces of iron and lead,and fpeake fuch Langua ges • 
taciu pockgr::, as he had neucr beenctaughtrbutfiich examples are commoi) in 5t;'/^*«w>/i/_, 
Apopuxiuo}^^ fferc.de Saxonia- and othets,Their\eancsby\which they woik^^ arevfually 
liosmrbos qim Charmes, Images,as that in He6ior Boethim of king V /^.-charaders ftam- 
mdicmacurare ped of fundry mettals, and at fuch and fuch conftellations , knots, amulets, 
TpSmt'de ,Philters,&c. which generally make the parties affected, melancholy; . • 

Mamm,ipic, as k^i?^^«//^dilcour(eth at large in an Epiftleof his toyfi:^?/^^, giuingin- 
^OmlTphiitra ^^^^^ ^ Bohemian Baron that was fo troubled, by a Philter taken. Not 
^ctfiinm \e Mf' ^'^^^ ^^^^^^ power at all in thofe {:pds, charmes , chara6ters, and barba- 
feranthoc h.i- rous words: but that the diuelldoth vfe fuch meanes to delude thetn. 

btnt commune^ 

quodhommm- _ 

efficim mkn. SvbSEC.^. 

cholicum tpi(t 

ziiMoh^i. S tarns a cnufc^. Signes from Phyjiognomy^ Meto- 

pofcopy^ chiromancy. 

AturaUauCcs^sivc cither Primary ^nd Vniverfail^ or Sccundary^ 
md more Partica/ar. Primary Cciuks are the Heauens, Planets, 
Sarres, &c.by their influence (asour aflrologers hold) produ- 
' cing this andfuch like efFcds. I will not here (land to difculfe oipi^ 
ter^ whether llarres be caufcs, or Signes-or to apologize for ludiciall Aftro- 
logy. If either SextusEmpericus^ Picus Miranduk, Sextus ab HemtHga, Pe- 
reriPU^rnllHsfhamhers^^chme fo farre preuailed with any man, that he 
will attribute no vertue at all to the Heauens, or to Sunne and Moone, more 
then he doth to their fignes, at an In-keepers poft^ or tradefmans fliop, or 
generally condemne all fuch Aftrologicall Aphorifmes approued by expe- 
rience: I refcrre him to Bellantim,Pirovanm , Marafca^erm , Gocknius^ S'^ 
Chrijlopher Hey den drc:lf thou fhalt aske me what I thinke, I muft anfwer, 
mm dr do5iishi(ce error ibm verfatits fum^ they doe incline, but not com- 
^^i^^^^^^^^pelljnoneceTityatall;'"^^//;?/;?^?^ ogunt: and fo gently incline, that a 
^K^radw. ^vife mia miy refid ihzwv/apiens dominditur apis: they rule vs , but God 


i^art. I .Sect.i . Caufes of Melancholy. Memb. i SuhC^^ 

rules them. All this (me thinkes^ " loh, de Indxgmeh^th comprifed in bricfe 5 3 
Qjuris a me qunntum in nohts opermtur aftra?&c,Wilt thou know horv fane 
the Starves rvorke vpon 'vs? I fay^ they doe ifut incline^ and that fo gently^ 
that tfvpee wtU be ruled hy reajfon^ they hme no power over vs-Jput if wee fol- 
low our owne nature and be ledbyfenfe^ they doe as much in "js^ as in brute ^ ^^.^^^^^ ^.^ , 
beafls, an^ wee are no better. So that, I hope,I may iuftly conckide \Mi^Ca- j^i^erh dm" 
tetan,Calum is vehiculum diuins. virtutis ^c. that the heaiien is Gods in- qu-miumof e- 
l^rumcntjby mediation ofwhich, he gouernes and difpofeth thefe elemen- ZfZos^mhtU- 
tary bodiesj or a great booke, whofe letters are the ftarres, (as one calls it) }, a urge/cjed 
wherein are written many ftranpc things for fiich as can reade, P or an excel- ^'^''^os pmii- 

/ ; ;/ . I 7.7 7 7 I f vestraherc. qui 

lent harpe^made by an eminent ^orkeman^ on which ^ hce that can but play^ ftc tanm ibo i 
roilL make mojl admirable mu jtcke^ux. to the purpofe. f^^fi 

^ Paracelfm is oi opinion^ that a phyfiti an without the 1^ '^ow ledge of ^^f^^^^y-^l^^^^^^ 
[larres, can neither vnderfland the caufe or cure of any difeafe^ either of this, imt,fitsv:una- 
or gouty notfo much as tooth^ache: except he fee the peculiar geniture and ^^*^f^-^^ ^^f^.^^ 
Scheme of the party affecied. And for this proper malady, hee will haue tlie 
principalland primary caufe of it proceed fl'om the Hcaiien, afcribing more « f-^-^^ '^•ehi- 
to Starres then hum6rs ^ and that the conflellation alone many times ^ produ- 
ccth melancholy^ all other caufes fet apart,\{c^ii\cs infknce in Lunatick per- maiime mo.u^ 
Tons, that arc dcpraued of their wits by the Moones motion; and in '^^'^^-^''^f!lyf'^g!l^!tf 
ther place, rcfcrrs all to the Afccndent , and will haue the true and chicfe msAum coipo^ 
caufe of it to be fought from the Starres. Neither is it his opinion only, but -"i^'ds^t & 
of many Galenifls and Phiiofophers, thoiigh they not fo fh'fly and peremp- fi^lj'^"\rutamii 
torily maintaineas much. This variety of melancholy fymptomes ^ proceedes m^fai.io^,^ 
from the Starrts^ faith ^ Melan^hon: The moft pcnerous meIancholy,as that P ^^^f^usifie 
of ^uguftus^ comes trom the comunction ot baturne and lupiter. in Libra : ctiUmlfma 
the bad^as that ofQ////;?^/ from the meeting of Saturne md iho, Moone inqiioctm artifice 
Scorpio. lovianus Pontanminhis iobooke,and 13. Chap, derebm c^^^p-'^^uim-ktlZ 
bus J difcourfeth to this purpofe at large.E^ atrA bile varij generantur mor- /« cMn harm 
bi S'c- wa^y difeafes proceededfrom black choler^ as itfljaJbe hot or cold:dr "'^^^.-J^^^^ 
though it be cold tn its owne nature^ yet it is apt tobe heated^ as water ' m ty Medim'fJ/fe 
be made to boyle^ and burne as bad as fire: or made cold as Ice: thence pro^ Citilpcntia mini 
ceedfuch variety of fymptomes ^^ome mad^ fome folit^iry, fome Uugh^ fame %^^^f,-^'l] 
rage (^c. The caufe of all which intemperancCj he will haue chiefly and pri- tmiium plu^ 
marily proccede from the HQ^uens^^ from the pofit ion ofc^/lars, Saturnc^d' ^^K^e^cdst- 
Mercury. His Aphorifmes be thefe: ^ Mercury in any geniture, if he jjjd be fcoafleliauoh 
found in Virgo or Pifzes his oppofitefigne^ and that in theUorofcope^ irradia- caufa e^is^ in 
ted by thofe quart He afpe^s ofSaturne or Mars, the child\hall be mad or me- ^T'ff^f^.^^^ 
Lincholy. Againe, X He that [hal/ haue Saturne or Mars^ the one culminating^ movet, inters 
the other in the A..houfeyohen he fjjallbe borne Shall be melancholy M which he dwn ojnnibui 
fhall be cured m t me ^tf Mercury behold them.^IftheMoone be in comunction ^^^-^ q^-^^ ^ ^ 


or oppofition at the birth time with the Sun^ Saturne, or Mars^ or in a quar- a. c<eio petenda. 

tile a/pea with the,(e malo cdi loco,Leouitim ^ddcs Jwany difeafes arepgni 

(Li.de anima cj.de hHmorib.Eavauclas in MelancboliaMbet cx\c(ic\ cjufa>.(^ ^ U — <^ ■ C.-"* ''^""^ atraibile. 
var'tigeneiantHY morbid perinde vt ipfe mttltum calidiaut frigidi in fe habusrit., quum vtriij^ fHfcipiefida quamapnifma fitj tamet- 
ff fuaptenatura futdafu . An nonaqua ficafficitur acalorevt aideat,&itfri<iore,vtin iladrr/ic'if/crefcat,& htec varietaidi' 
jlin£tionum,alufientyt(iem,&c. uHanc adimwpermiamgtgiiendam plurimim ci)fifett 3^&^ vo/iias &c. \^^uoliet 
alicHius geniturain »p ^Kadvcrfo fiinopnfitui,h(/rofcopnmp<tniUter tenutin,»tq,stiamu ^ vel^ □ radtopercuffitifMUt, 
natui ah infanta vexabi>ur. y ^ju^ & ^ habet^herum iuculmine alterum imo cdo,t cumin Uicm ventrit meUoicholicM 
erityd qmfanab!iiir,fi^_ iHoiirradurit.z Hoc confiiurationemtaSfAnt LmadcMfOutmefice capius, 

G 3 fed 

Part, I .Sed.i. Caujes of Melancholy. Memb. i.SubC4; 

54~ fed, ejpec tally the HeddandBraine is like to be mifaffeaed vfiithjernitious 
humors, to be meLwcholy^ lunatick, or mad. Cardan addes, ^uarta luna natos^ 
Eclipfcs, Earth-quakes. GarcAus and Leovitius will haue thcchiefe ludgc- 
ment to be taken from the Lord ofthcgcnimre or when there is no afped: 
betwixt the Moon and Mercury, -x^^^ neither behold the Horofcope:oi Saturne 
and ^^irjfhall be Lord ofthe precedent coniundion or oppofjtion in Sa~ 
gittaryoxPifces, of the Sonne or cJI/^?^^^', inch perfons are commonly 
Epilepticke,dote3D2emoniacall,MeIancholy: but fee more of thcfe Apho- 
rifmes in the aboue mmzdPontanus.Garcaus cap. i^Je Jud.gen/tur,Schoner, 
^ vtoiommi ^^^-'^•^^P'^' w^ich ^^^^ gathered out of ^ Ptolomy^ '^Ibubater^ and fome 
ceHtl!quio! & Other Arabians^ luncline^Ran'^uiu^^Lindljout ^Origan drc but thefe men 
q<iadripartm you will reied peraduentutc, as Aftrologers, and therefore partial! ludges; 
SLXt^ ThenheareiheteftimonyofPhyfitians, Galenip themfclues. ^ Crato con- 
fymptomatafy. fclTeth the influence of ftarres to haue a great hand to this pecular Difeafe, 
dertm iafitten- [q (j^ch /ofon PrAtenJts^ Lonicerus prJfat. de ^poplexia,Fici»Ui,Ferneli- 
b'AneMedi- «^ d^^^- ^ ?.C«er«>4W<?r acknowlcdgeth the ftarres an vniuerfall caufc, the 
w. accfrffl»/tf^ particular from parents, and the vfeofthefixiionnatiirall things, Baptijla, 
^alm^^ydtii ^ toeucry particular in- 

ViuTtmum inci- dividuum. Inftanccs and examples, to evince the truth of thefe Aphorifincs, 
tant & provo- gj-g common amongft thofe AftroIogianTreatifes.C^r^^;? in his 37 geniture^ 
TJcfle" i^e'ic'u' S^"cs inftancc in f^Math. Bolognm, Camerdr. hor.natalit .centur.j.genit.6. 
m L^.cap. I J. ^ 7.of Daniel Gare^md others: but fee Garc^m cap.-^-^, Luc.Gauricm Tra6i, 
fpcefi'demel ^•'^^^-^^'^'^^^jC^^.Thc time of this Melancholy is, when the fignificators 
' of any geniturc are direded according to Art, as the Hor: moone, Hylcch 
&c: to the hoftile beames or tearmes of ^ and ^ cfpecially, or any fixed ftar 
of their nature, or if ^ by his revolution^ or fra^Jitf^j(h<iW. offend any of thofe 
radicall promiflbrs in the geniture. 

Other fignes there are taken from Phyfiognomy, Mctopofcopy, Chi- 
romancy, which becaufe /oh.de Indagine^and Rotman the Landgraue of 
J^ia his Mathematician, not long fince in his Chiromancy 5 ^-i/'///?^ Porta in 
his ccIeQiall Phyl20gnomy,haue proued to hold great affinity with Aftrolo- 
•» loh de inda f^-isfic the curious, I am the more willing to infert. 
c 9. ^ontattu] The generall notions ^ Phyfiognomers giue,be thck:Blacke colour ^argues 
cii. ^ natuY all melancholy, fo doth leannefje^ hirfutenejfe Jyroad veines^much haire 
\Mm!Jm- brorves, faith ^ Gratanarolus cap, 7: and a little Head.out of t^rijlotle, 
bm&fpmtui p/e high fanguine, red colour iTiewes head melancholy; they that flutter and are 
rumaan^ujios, [)^\^ ^ jij fooncft melancholy ^as Av 'tcenna fuppofcth) by reafon of the 
v^Mebmboiia dryncfle of their braincs: but he that will know more of the feuerall fignes of 
rubicmdi.JSii- humors and wits out of Phyfiognomy , let him confult with old Adaman- 
taimcap^i!i Polemm, that comment, or rather paraphrafe vpon Ariflotks Phy- 

Cdm. ' fiognomy^BapfiJia Porta s foure pleafant hodkcs^M/chael Scot de fecretis na- 
(Sammnaa fj^^^ john de Indagine.MontaltuSy i^ntony Zara,anat. inaeniorum, feB.i 
dtm mlnum ^^^^^^ 13-^ ^^^•4- 

iltcmm, ufj, Chiromancy hath thefe Aphorifmes to foretell melancholy. Tafneir lib. 
^ 'sauirJ!T' 5*^'^/'-2' who hath comprehended the fummc oUohn de indagine: Tricaffus^ 
parvisiineisia-Coruinui,Scothcrs,m his booke, thus hath itiThe Saturnine line going from 
'^^^^^^P^*^the Rxfeetta throughthe ktnd^to Saturnes mount and there inter felled by 
^''i^^iaiT cert aim link lines ^ argues melancholy :fo if the Vita^ and NatHraJl make an 


Part. i.Sed-i. Caufes of Melancholy. Memb. i.Subf. 5, 

iicute Angle ^^phorifm^ i oc. The SAttirn 'me^ EpatickejAnd HAturall Imes^mx- 5 5 
king agrojfe tri Angle in the hmd^ Argue as much-^ vv hich Goclemm cap.'^.Chi- 
ro/:xcpcattsverl;atin/outo[him, Ingenerall they conclude all, that iisa- 
turnes mount be full of manYrmaillines&inrerfcdions,7//r^/^^;^^r^?5!?(7/? 
part melancholy ^mifer able ^cfjull of dtf quiet neffe, care ^ e^t rouble, continually %isTontinui% 
vexed mth anxious bitter thoughts iAlvpAyforrovpfulljfearefulLfuJpitious: inq-mudimbus, 
they deliaht inhusbanc(ryJpuild;ngSypooles,CMAr\hes3rmps^wo "^ft ^^5*'',^ 4 

(^c.Thadd^&m Baggepm in his MetofcjcoftA^ hath certame Aphormiies funtyonxk affile 
deriued from SAturnes lines in the fore-head, by which he colleds a melan- gunmamariff 
choly difpofition; and ^ BAptiJla Porta makes obferuations from thofe other ZJ^fmp^ei 
parts ofthe body, as ifafpot be puer the fpleenc; '^or in thenatles^ ifitAp- trifies, fufpithfi^ 
peare bUcke^ itfignijteth much care^griefe^ contention , and melancholy: The ^^('^'^^"i'- ^'^i^" 
reafon he rcferrs to the humors, and giues ihftance in himfelfe, that for feauen vdl^agmm'co* 
ycares (pace,had fuch black fpots in his nailes, & all that while, was in per- iere,(iagna *- 
petuall Law-rtites,controuer{icsfor his inheritance, feare, lofieof honour, Xd-f /frfi- 
banilTimentjgriefe, ca re S:c. and v.'hen his miferies ended , the blackc fj^ocs pid'gi'.'eu'h. r, 
vanifhed. CardAn in hi'^ booke de libris proprijs^ tells fuch a ftory oi his owne ^ C^^^fl'^'Phyfi- 
perfon, that a little before his fonnes death, he had a blacke fpot^ which fcap.it m'.^, 
appeared in one of his nailcs- and dilated it felfe, asheecameneerertohi^ ida>7.muairain 
end. But I am ouer tedious in thefctoycs, which howfociier, in fome ^'''<^^^Zff*yi'^af m(!^ 
too fcucre ccnfures,they may be held abfurd and ridiculous,! am the bolder /^wL/wot^^' 
to inferr, as not borrowed from circumforanean Rogues and Gipfies, but "^^*'^^f' 
out ofthe writings of ivorthy PhiIofophers,andPhyfitians, yet liuing fome J^/i; '^'^^ 
of them, and Regious Profeflbrs in famous Vniuerfitics, who are able to pa- 
tronize that which they haue faid, and vindicate themfelues from all cauilerS 
and ignorant pcrfons. 

S V B s E c T. 5. ^ 
old age a CAufc^» 

^Ecundary, peculiar caufes, efficient, fo called, in refpe^: ofthe o- 
{her precedent,are either conge?iitA^ intern£jnnAt£?Ls they terme 
them, inward, innate, and inbred; or els outward andadveiititious 
which happen to vs after we are bornercongenite or borne with 
vsj are either natiirall, as old age; or/r^?fr/^4///r4W(^ as b/'fr;?^///^^ calls it) b iib Waih, 
that diflemperarurc,which we haue from our Parents feede, itbcingaa hc-tap-n.' 
reditary difcafe. The firrt of thefe which is naturall to all, and which no man * ^^^'^^^^ . 
lining can auoide, is colde age, which being cold and dry, and of the fame 
quality as melancholy is, muft needes caufeit,by diminution of fpirits and f^'^"^".'" '^^^t^^ 
fubftance,and increaiing of aduft humors, Therefore «^ cJ^^'l^w7^(?;? averres B^'i'-^uJ^^f 
outofLy^riHotle^nsanvndovbtcdtmih^/enes plerurt^ delirajfe in fenecIa,deton(oLnuor' 
that old men familiarly dote, oh atram bitem^ for blacke choler , which is '^.^'^^ ^' ^^^7 
then fuperabundant in them. And Rhafis that Arabian Phyfitian in his Cont, 
//^.i.c/i/.p.calls ite<« neceffary and infepar able accident, to all old and de- « 
crcpit perfons. After \ 10 yeares /^as the Pfiliniite {mh)aUts trouble and Tor- 
rOTv, and common experience conhrmes the trueth of it in weake old per^ 
fons, elpecially in fuch as haueliued inadionall their liues, had great t^^^^o-'^^ 


Part. I , Sed.i. Caufes of Melancholy* Memb. i.SubC^. 

%6 employment, much bufinefle, much comniand,and many fcruants to oucr- 
fcc, and Icaue oif exabrupto: as ^ Charles the fift did to King Phihp, refigne 
vp all on a fiidden: they are ouercome with melancholy in an inftant. Or if 
{Meteran Be/ continue in (uch courfes, they dote at lad: f/e//ex bispuer) and arc 

fe^.'/Tir^'noc able to manage their elUtes, throijgh common infirmities incident to 
g simt miofiy their age; fuU ofache/orrow, and gricfc, children againe, dizardes ^ they 
TC&%'cii»' C^fl^ "i^'iy times as they fit, and ralke to themfelues, they are angry^waf. 
[ems;fiq!i^ri- pilli, difplcafcd with eucry thino^.ftjpttious ofdl^ vpayvcari, couetous, hard^ 
mmeiia-n ava ^^^j^j^ Tullfjfelfe willed.fuperUitious/elje-cOficeited^ hr aggers and admirers 
Viue,''^'^^''^'of^bemfelues^2i%'^ BaUha/ar Caflal/e hath trudy noted ofthem.This naturall 
hLib.z de Au- infirmity is moft eminent in old women, and fiich as are poorc, fbiitary,liuc 
Tmr4iTtL ^^^^ erteemc and bcggery, or fuch as are witchesjinfomuch that 

Vundi,phUauth Wierus ^aptiJia]porta^rlrkus Aiolitor^Edivkui^doQ. referre all that witches 
deiifi,fii^'(ii- fud to doe, to Ipl.igination alone, and this humor of melancholy. And 
mfi^Jufpitiofiy whereas it is controverted, whether they can bewitch cattle to death, ride in 
LtL ^Je Li the Ayrc vpon a coulftaffe, out of a chimny top- transforme themfelues into 
ums,cap, n,& Q^i^Q^^ Doggs,S£c, trauflate bodies from place to place, meetc in compa- 
V'^ianumfifUti, nics, anc' dance, as they doc, or haue carnall copulation with the Diuell, 
hfjtadeps. lac a. they ifcrilx: all co this redundant melancholy^ which-dominceres in thcm,to' 
v^fMmmzrT" ^ fomniferous potions,and naturall cauf*s,che Diuels poIicy.iV^» Udunt om^ 
1 cm»[Ka c[l n 't-j'o f'faith Wierui) aut quid mirum f^Aciunt {de Lamijs lib. 3 xap.T^e ) vt puta* 
%fuyicho!i'a ^^^J'^^^^ vitiatam habent phanujiam-.thcy doe no filch wonders at all, on- 
phantafia.Ny ly their ^ Braines are crazcd. ^They thinke they are Witches y arid can doe 
mMuu hurt^but doe not. But this opinion Bo dine y Eraftm^BanAtis^^ScribantHSy Seba- 

^m^uAnLmnfl^^'^^^^^^^^^ ^ £>4/?^/;?/^ the le- 

Uim, fuite//^.2.^^L>>^»//«i explode: C/c^)g«4 confutes at large. That witches 
h*c in ,-nelancholy , they deny not, but not out of a corrupt phantafie alone, fo 
^^mnt»t!cQ'^^ delude themfelues and others, or to produce fuch cffeds. 

iortm fufcepe- 

''^^1^ Parents a caufe by propagation, 

mnifjmag. ,„ . . ^ . . • 

Hat other inward inbred caufe of Melancholy, is our tempera- 
ture, in whole, or part, which wc receiue from our parents,which 
t F^T^^"//^ calls or vnnaturall, it being an herc- 

t lib x.Mp. 1 1. ditary difeale; for as he iuftifies, quale parentum mtxime patris fe- 

f^^' .... wenobtigerit^tales evadunt jimilares^fpermatic^g^ partes qaocun^ etiam 
"^U^'iJc!'^^ ^orbo pater quuntgen^ trans fert inProlem: fuch as 
p r/ fiiii nm the temperature of the father is, fuch is the fonnes ; and lookc what difeafe 
tmpoffeffto- fhc father had when he begot him, fuch his fonne will haue after him P and 
borum ktredet ^ ^ '^^1'' t^fj^r-ttor of his inJirmttieSyOS of hu land.s.t^ndrvhere the complex^ 
pit. ion andconfiitutton of the fathsr is corrupt ^there ({mh ^ Roger 'Bacon ) the 

^alu&Tty'^'^'P^^^^^^ ^^^conflitutimofthefonmulineedesbe corrupt^ andfothecor- 
m.fcap.7. nam ruption is deriuedfrom the father to the fonne. Now this doth not fo much 
i^cmfptr' ^PP^'^"^^ thecompoficion ofthe -Body, according to that of Hippocrates, 

runt.oemrantfi'dosnfrupta emplexi3nk^&cmpfuiim,&fiiiie9mfn tAimdtcMfifemrm^n>it, & fie dgrh/atur corrupt 
iu k patribm adfiliot, ^ 


Un habit. prsportton.fcarres^ and other linenmentS'^ hut in manners and con- 5 7 
ditionsofthc Minde: r^r . 

Et ^atrur/t in ndtos abetmt cum jemine mores, quit iiii^pcrti- 

Selensm had an anchor on his thigh, To had his poftcrity, as Tragus records 5'^^"-' ^ 
libA'iXepidti4\i\ Pliny lib.-j.cap A'j.KVZS^mhVind , fo was his Tonne. That 
famous fainily o[JEnobarbi^vjei't knovvne of oId,ap,d fo furnamed from their bium agmkk 
red bcardes,the Auflrian lip , and thofc Indians f]at nofcs are propagated. 
the Bavarian ciiinne, and goggle eyes amongit the levoes as ^ Buxdorjius oD- ^«j,w«rfi,wor- 
ferues: their voy :e, pace, geflure^ lookes, is hkcwife deriued with all the refi ^'^^ ^ ^ 
ofthcir conditions and infirmitiesjfiich a mother, fuch a daughter; their ve- '^■^^'''^''^* * 
ry " affection s Lemnim contends to follow their f cede ^ana the mdice and bad „ ^j^^^ p^. 
conditions of children are many times vphoUy to be imputed to the Parents^ I nmuminftm 
ncede not therefore make any doubt of N4e!anchoIy, bur chat it is an hercdi- 
tary diieale. ^ Paracet/us in expreiie words amrmes it lih, ae morb. amenttum ^aumibus 
To.^, TV. I. fo doth y Crato in an Epif^le of his to Monaviits , Sododi Brtmc m»t^rid.t ii,^, 
Seidelim in his booke de morbo, incurab,Montaltus prooues cap. i k o ut of ^.^l, 
Hippocrates and Plutarch yih2ii{x\c\\ hereditary difpofitions are frequent, x ExDi'umfs 
hanc {inquitjReri reorob participatam melancholicam interr^perantumfiyx.^- 
king 01 a patient) 1 tnmke he became to by participation of Melancholy, cwpi&mian- 
2- Foreslus in his mcdicinall obferuations^ illuftrats this point, vvith an exam- i^o ias^ melon* 
pie of a Marchant his Patient, that had this infirmitie by inheritance, fo doth ^y^'^tjt.j?^ m 
Rodericus a Forfeca/rom.i.Confalt by an inftance of a young man xhaX.Sciit\,nafci- 
vj ^s{o ii^Q^^d ex matremelancholica^ had a mehncholy mothcr,c^ ^'/^?» ^'JJ^^''^/^'"^'^^ 
meUmholico y and bad diet lO'^oxhtiXodovicm Mercatm, a Spaniili Phyii- c\m ^mnnbus 
tlm, in that excellent Tra(5t,\vhich he hath lately written of hereditary difea- habewi^i mdum 
fes Tom, 2 ,oper .//^.j.reckons vp Zeproile, as thofe Galbots in Gafcony^tit- peigjj^^^i^ 
ditary Lepers^PoXjStonCjGoutjEpilepfie&c. Amongfl the rcfl, this ancicura hummm 
MadnefTe after a fct time comes to many, which he calls a miraculous thing ^^^'^"'"'.^ 
in Nature, and fficks for euer to diem as an incurable habitc.And that which ^at. i J^"" ^' 
is more to be wondred at, it skippes in fome' families the father, and goes ^^^immGeog, 
10 the fonne,^ or takes euery other, and fometimes euery third in a 
difcent ^and doth not alwaies produce the fame^but fome like^t^ afymboUT^ng im pmducU ef- 
i/y^'^y^.Thefe fccundary caufes hence deriued, arc commonly, fo powertull,f^^"'»>^»'^'*/? 
that (a s <^ wolfim holdes )/epe mutant deer eta fyderum, they doe often alter \Tn!potm. 
the primary cauR'S,and decrees of the hcauens. For thefe reafons belike the ^ DiaLpr<efix. 
Church and common-wealth, humane and diuinelawes, haue confpired to^^!^""''^ ^"^'^ 
auoide hereditary difeafcs, forbidding fuch marriages as iire any ivhit al- 
lied; and as Mercattii aduifeth all Fam lies^to take fuch, Ji fieri popt qu<& 
maxinie diflant naturx, & to make choice of thofe that are mof^ differing in 
complexion from them: if they loue their owne, atidrelp^d the common 
good»Andfure,Ithinke,thatithathbcencordcrdby Gods efpeciall proui- 
dence, that in all ages there fhould be (^as v/ually there is ^ oncein^ (5oo dBo^^-^f 
ycarcs, a tranfinigration of Nations, to amend and putifie their brood,as we cap.dt^emd'n 
alter feed vpon our Land,and that there fhould be, as it were an inundation 
of thofe Northerne Gothes and Fandales^Scythians ^znd many fuch like peo- 
ple which came out of that Continent of Scandia and Sarmat/a(AS fome fup- 
pole ^and ouer-ranne as a deluge, mofi parts of Europe and Africkt;Lo alter 
for our good,o ur complexions,which were much defaced with hereditary 

H infir- 

Part.i.Sed.i. Caujes^pf Melancholy. Memba.Subr^ 

5 8 infirmideSjwhich by our liift and intemperance wc had contradcd. A found 
c aaudiin A- generation of ftrong & able men were fcnt amongd vs, as thofe Northerne 
S,in iT' """c vfually arc,innocLious, free from riot, and free from difeafes: to qiialific 
voyage to Ma- and make vs as thofe poore naked Indians are generally at this day; and 
ragnan 1614. thofe about Brafiie (as a late e Writer obferues) in the Ille o^Maragmn, 
%cl^la- free from all hereditary difeafes,or other contagion,vvhereas without help of 
nomne$&jo- PhyHcke they line commonly 120 yearcs or more; as in the Orchddcs and 
^vv^mtmm "^^"Y ^^^^^ places. Such are the common efFeds of temperance, and intern- 
j 20.r40.7i c perancejbut I will dcfcend to particulars^and fliew by what meanes,and by 
idem'^Hec? whom efpecially this infirmity is deriiicd vnto vs. 

BaeliJdc'in- femhus natt, raro fupft firmi temp€ramentij old mens children arc 

'fu'is Qrchad & feldomc of a good temperament, as Scoltzttii fuppofeth, confult 177, and 
Damtanui a [j-jcj-gfore molt apt to this difeafe: and as ^ Levtms Lemnius farther addes, 
4 cj;.3.i/fOlde men beget molt part wayward, peeuifhjiad, melancholy lonnes, and 
occult n.u. mir. fcldome merry. He that begets a child on a full fiomacke, will cither haue a 
fiZriemp^o- ^^^^ ^^^^d or a crazed fonne (as § Cardan thinkes) Contradici jnedltb,!, con^ 
ocnera?it,&[rh /r^^^'/iJ?. 1 8. ot if the parents be ficke,orhaue any great paine of the head, 
{^^^^^'^["'^"^'"asmegri doth inflancc in a child of Se-^ 

g Coitus fuper banian Cafialios) or if a drunken man get a childe, it will never likely haue a 
repietiofiempef' good braine, as G ell'tHs argues /. ' 2 ,caf. i . Ebrii gigmnt ebrios^ont drunkard 
tm\tgnuntTr[ bcgets another (faith ^ Plutarch/ympMb.i.quafi,'^.) whofc fentencc ^ Lemni* 
aiit morboft^mtf m approoues /. 1 ,c.a^,Alfarim CrutimGemde quijitjne decent. 5 .fol, 18 2 .Ma- 
hDid^r'^x ^^^^^^ I'^'^^cenm lib.^, Fen, ii.Tra5i,i,cap. 8,and Artftotle himfelfe 
Leoi/ito. ' y^^. 3./'r^?^.4.fooIifh5 drunken,or haire-braine women, mofl part bring forth 
i LAc edjiberis. children like vnto thcmfelues,w^?;'<7/&j languidos , and fo hkewife, he that 
mir. temiAentce. ^^^s With a menitruous woman. Intemperancia Veneris,quam in nautis prse- 
& jtoiid.i mull' /ertim infedatur I Lemntus^ qui vxores ineunt,nulla menikui decurfus ratio- 
ITmpZluM 'i^^^f3,nec obferuato inierlunio, prajcipua caufa efl , noxia , pernitiofa, 
fibt [miles. concubimm hunc exitiale ide6,& pefliferum vocat,t Rodericus a Cajlro Lu- 
fi^^^' deteftanturadvnumomnesmedicijtum &quarta lunai .conccpti, 
g'oTIScz in^'^lices plerumq; & amentes, deliri, flolidi, morbofi , impuri , inualidi, 
Schooimattcr tctra lue fordidi , minimeuitales, omnibus bonis corporis atque animi dc- 
/IftiX!^"^"^^^""* '^^^'^^^^^^^'^^^^ fifaniores, mc^mtEupthimyVt Hercules, &alij. 
t vinai. mui. ^ maximc infeclantur foedum hunc, & immundum apud Chrijiianos 
3 cap^ concubitum, vt illiciium abhorrent, & apud fuos prohibent; & quod Chri- 

ZX^^IIm.^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ alphi, pforsE, cutis • 

Ezck.is. & faciei decolorationcs, tarn multi inorbi Epidemici,acerbi, & venenofi finr 
JJ^Slza ^" ^""^ im«niindum concubitum reijciunt, & crudeles in pignora vocant,qui 
oEcdA e'cci kli. qwatta luna profluentc hac menfium illuuie concubitum hunc non pcrhorref* 
f r2o^* Damnauit olim divina Lex, & morte mulda vit huiufinodi homines, 
'^Nml%m ^"'^'^ 8.2o.&indanati,fiquideformesautmutili, pater dilapidatus, quod 
cevebr;f,tum non contineret ab " immundl muliere. Gregortm Magnm, petenti ^ugu-^ 
T^ltt^ocre^ ^f""' ^P""^ "^Britannos huiufinodi concubitun toIeraret,feverc pio- 

anl& fiu hs nibuit, viris fuis turn mifceri fxminas in confuetis fuis mcnftruis &; I fpare to 
f*^n«M^^<f?«;,Englil^ inordinat Diet as 

much,ftoodyto hard, be ouer-for- 
fles^x iucmdis rowtuU, dull, heauy, deieded in minde, perplexed in his thoughts fear^ull 
i^^^^^f.^^ &c. their children ^faithp Cardanfdtiljib. ^Z,) mil be muchfubieata 


Part. I . Scdi.z, Parents a caufe. Memb.i .SubC6'.' 

madnes md mchr,choly:for ifthefpirits of the braine he fufled^or mifajfeBed 5^ 
by fuch meanes^At fuch a time^ their children vptil he f 14 fled i?2 the hraim: they 
rviU he dttlljoemy^ timorous^ d>fcontentedallthetr tiues.SoT^iZ are of opini- 
on and maintainc that paradoxe or problcms^that wife men beget common- 
ly fooles;and which *l EraJmusvrgQih in his MorU^ fboles beget wife men. q ro^fi^.n-jer. 
j^ardun fuOt:hh,i2,giucs this caufe, qnOKt^m Tpiritus fapientum oh Hudmm i>ocraies chi!- 
reJolvuKtur, ^ /;? cerebrum feruntur a corde: becaufe their naturall fpirits are ^^^^^^ salc/ 
refolued by ftudy, and turned into animall,drawnc from the Heart,& thofe 
other parts to the braine/ Lemnim fubfcribcs to that oi Cardan ^ and aflignes r Lib i, cap. 4, 
this reafon, quod perfolu ant dehitum Unguide , ^ olfcitantcr^ vnde ftetus a '^".""''^^ 
farentufngenerojitafedefcifctt: they pay their debtf^as Paul calls it) to their 
wines remiflely, by which meancs their children are weaklings , and many 
times idiots and fboles. 

Some other ca'jfes arc giiien, which properly pertaineto, and Proceed jj^^^^^^^^^ 
from the mother: If fhe be ouer, dull-h^fluy^angry peeuifli, difcontented & mr. 
melancholy, not only at the time of conception, bnt crenalltbe while Hiee ^'-'J^^'®'''^"^ 
carries the childe in her wombc/ faith Fernehus frith, Lth' r. her lonne, ^^^^tiU '^^^^ 
win belb iikewife affected, and wor(e,as ^ Lemnius ?Lddts^lih: d.cap: 7. if hcop-ted. 
fheegricuc ouer much, be difquieted, or by any cafualtybc affrighted ^"d^^*^ ^^^^^"! 
terrified by fome fearefull obicd:, heard or feene , fhee endangers her cbild, famt ledum bi. 
and fpoilcs the temperature of it: for the f^range hnagination of a woman, /^^"/"['^"'"^ 
works cffcdlually vpon her Infant, that asBapt/fia Porta proues Phyfiog: ccele- ^^^.^ f^^^ 
P/s,/ih.<).cap.i, (bcekams a marke vpon it, which is mof^efpecially feene in tenamcoiiapfu- 
fuchasprodieiouflylonff for fuch and fuch meat-es, the child will louc thofe '"''P^'! ^^fl^t 

' • 1 ^ !■ ^ ^^ , 11 1 X /If. ,vitam mcldcbat 

meates,iaith Fernehus j^nd be addicted to like humours: ^ If a great belhed am mater grd" 

woman fee a hare, her child ivill often haue a h ire lip, as wee call it. Gar cms de "^'^ ^^'^'"ff" 
ludiciis geniturarttm cap.-^^haxh a memorable example of one Thomas Nic- ^Ill^JIdnah^' 
keU borne in the citty of Erandehurge^A'^ 1 5 5 ^ t^^^ "went reeling andjlag- 1 cmem fade 
gering all the dates of his life , as if he rpould fall to the ground , iecaufe his ^^^f ' J^/''' 
mothei' he 'mggreat with child favp a drunkenman reeling intheflreet. Such xo^tmm be- 
another ^ ^nd^ m Martin wenr/ehim comide ortumonjirorum cap, ly.l faw «e»fy"«. 
f'fairh he) at Wittenberge in Germany^ a Cittizcn that looked like a carkaffe, fJ^cUat'umfiYii 
ilaskedhim the caufe Jhe replyedjois mother vphen^e bore him in her vpomhe^ bene nafci. qua^ 
fm A carkaffe by chance landvo as fofore affrighted voith it^thatc^x co foetus ei ^^^^^^'^f^^Ji 
allimiilatus,/?'©;?^ agaUly imprejiion the chiU was like it, confuicum%ide' 
So many feucrall waies are v\ree plagued and punifhed for our fathers dc^eturji foii p«- 
faults: infomuch,that as Ferneliui truely faith, ^ it is the greatejl part of our biti^janiyiibe^ 
felicity to be well borne , ^itwerevpell for humane kinde, if onelyfuchpa' ri^ operam da- 
rents as are found of body and minde^^fhould be fujfered to marry, h.n husband- y ^^J^^^^, ^^j. 
man will fbwe none but the bell; and choifeft feed vpon his land, hce vviil not 

mi pfKc'iptilo 

rearea Bull or an Horfe,except he be right fhapen in ail parts, or permit ''^^'^''-^o^^w^ 
him to couer a Mare,except he be wellaffured of hjs breediwee make choice ^ucm^^oimH'^ 
ofthebef^ Rammesfor our iTaespe, rearetheneateftkinc, andkeepc'theLj/^j/«5«/);ri'.8j'. 
befl doggs, quanta fd diligent ius in procreandis liberis ohferuindum? And ^^l^^^^ vl^H 
how earful then lliould we be in begetting ofourchildrenMn former times f, quo^ai'iciua 
Ibme y Countries haue beenefo chary in this behalfe^fbfterne,that ifawf»»^».^<;r««/;«» 
child were crooked or deformed in body or minde, they made him away ; fo ^^erlmJecaT*' 
did the Indians of old by the relation o^Curtius, and many other well., go* mbm, 

H 2 wemed 

Part i.Sea.i. Caufes of Mancholy. Mcmb.z.Subf .i. 

60 verned c6monwcalths,according to the difciplirie of thofe times.Hcretoforc. 
^Lih.^.D! vt- in scotUnd^{m\\ ^ HeBfBoethim^fanyw£re 'viMrviththefaUmgftckfies^ 
L^SS ^^dnefcgoutjeprofu, or anyfuch dangerom d^Jefe , M r.as likely to he 
comiiiaii, de- propagated from the father to thefonnejje vpm mftamy gelded-.A vpoman Kepi 
mnttajfnatiia, all company ofmen-^ & tfh chance hauingfome fuch difeafe , ^ee voere 
^M'!!^H.four^dtobev,ithchild,^eri,ithher brood were hursedaliue: and this was 
fadiem froiem jone for the coiTimon good,Ieaft the whole nation fhould beiniurcd or cor- 
LTSi riipted. A levere doome you will Ciy,and not to be vfed amongft Chriftians, 
eosMgcmifs^ yet iTiorc to be looked into then it is. For now by our too much facility m 
Oa ittdagineM' this kinde in giuing way for all to marry that will , too much liberty and in- 
}lTcmagZ dulgence In tolerating aIlforrs,there is a raft confufion of hereditary difea- 
kderetufycxm fes,no family fecure , no man almoft free from fomegrieuous infirmity or 
r««;«£r other,when no choice is had,but ftill the eldcft muft marry,^ fo many ftalli- 
hittujmJA pro^ bns of the Racc,or if rich,be they fooles or di2zards,Iamc or niaimed,vnable, 
cuU viwum intemperate, difelute,exhauft through r!0t,as he faid, ^ /ure h^red/tario fa- 
gl^t^uodfi /'<ff^/«^f/;/«r; they murt be wife and able by inheritance; it comes to pafle 
bifum aliqua that Our generation is corrupt,we haue many wcakc pcrf oiis both in body & 
'iubmrtmd minde,m3ny ferall difeafcs raging amongft vs , crafed families , parentes^pc^ 
cum faiH 'mL r emptor es'^ our Others bad^and we are like to be worfo. 

diebatur viva. 

^Euphomi9 ME M B. 2. 

S^ijr. S V B S 1 C T* I. 

"BaddietacAufe, Subfiance. QuaUty of meats. 

Ccording to my propofed method , hauing opened hitherto 
thefe fecundary caufes,which are inbred with vs \ I muft now pro- 
ceed to the outward and advcntitioiis,which happen vnto vs after 
we are borne. And thofe are eitherEvident, Remote, or inward, 
Antecedent^and the neareft: Continent caufes fome call them. Thefe out- 
ward,remote,precedent caufes are fubdiuided againe, into necejfary and n ot 
x^ecejfary. Necejfary fhecaufc we cannot avoid them, but they will alter vs, as 
they are vfed,or abufcd^ are thofe fix non-naturall things,fo much fpoken of 
amongft Phy fitians^which arc principall cau fcs of thi s difeafe. For almoft in 
every confi.iltation,whereas they fhall come to fpeake of the caufes , the fault 
fs found,and this moft part obieded to the patient,/>^f f c/rca res fex non 
mturales: he hach ftill offended in one of thofe fix. Mont anus confil,i 2. con- 
fulted about a Melancholy lew , giucs that Icntence, fo did Fr 'tfemeltca in the 
fame place: and in his 244 counfcll,cenfuring a melancholy fbuldier^aflignes 
^Zml reafon of his malady, ^ hee offended in all thofe fix non-naturall things^ 

u ^poffiM^t^ta w^^^^ ^^^^ theoutwardcaufes ^from which came thofe inward ob fir uSi ions: 
rei fix nen-m. a n d fo in the reft. 

*trmr^JffZ '^^^'^ non-naturall thines^are Diet.Rctention and Evacuation, which 
trinfec£:/x4iui. are more materiall then the othcr,becaufe they make new matter, or elfe arc 
fmttlulL' ^^"^^"^^^"^ keeping or expelling of it. The other foure are, Aire,Exercifc, 
funt jtm 0' 5ieeping,Waking^and perturbatioQS of the mind, which only alter the mat- 
ter. The firft of thefe is Dfct,which confifts in meat and drinke , and caufctb 
Melaacholy,as it offends in Subftance or Accidents,that is, quantity ^quality, 


- ] - . .. ^ K 

Part.i.Sed.1. . Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmb.i.^'ubCi" 

or rhe like . And well it may be called a materiall caufc, fince that as c feme- 6i 
Itm holds: It hathjuch a power in begettingof difeafes,andyeelds the Matter « P'^^'^. HbA. 
and fuflenance of them-, for neither aire^nor perturhations , nor any of thofc^ Maximum m 
other evident caufes take place ^or worke this effect , except the conflittttionof gtgmndii morbk 
hody^and preparation of humours doe concurre. That a man way fay, this Diet ''btimt^pa-' 

the mother ofdifeafes^let the fat her be what he wiUy and from this alone^ m^mffrbifug' 
Alelancholy^and frequent other maladies arife. Many Phyiitians , I confeflc5£"'^*J-a'^'»»^c 
ha Of written copious volumes of thisone fubiec^, of the nature and qualities Jjy'J^^S- 
of all manner of meats* as namely Galen^ I^aac the lew^ Halyabba^^Av/cenna^ bustveiaius e- 
Me/f^e ^ all iomc Arabians: Gordonitu^nllanovanus^Wecker,lohannes Bru-'^'^^^''^.^^^"" 
eriius fitologia de Efculentis ?oculentii,Michael Sauanarola^ Tra^, ^'^'^'mfi7onfe^$ll 
Anthony Fw^fvancUHsJtbAe regiminefenum^Curio'm his Comment on Scho- tar^tU pr^pa- 
la Salcrna. Godefridm Stektm arte med.Marftlitis Cagnatm.F icinm^Ranzo- '''^'"j^^ 
^ttiSj F onJecayLejUtiSyMagmnHs^ regtmfamtatu^ Frtetagtus^Hugo Frideval- ytfmeidicam 
liusydrc. befidesmany other in ^ Englil"h, and almoft every peculiar Phyfiti- 1"^ 'f^ 
an , difcourfeth at large of all peculiar meats in his Chapter of Melancholy ; lummt^'^etl' 
yetbecaufethefcbookcsgrenotat handtoeuery man, I will briefly touch amji aim cfigc' 
what kinde of meats ingender this humour , through their feuerall fpecies, & ^'^^^^^^ 
which are to be avoided- How they alter and change the matter;, fpirits Bt{\j'^nte'fepe.e- 
and after humourSjby which we are preferued , and the conftitucion o{oux:^'^^<^^^'^^ 
body, Fernelim and others will fhew you. I haften to the thing it felfe : And^^[^ cogmecau 
fii ft of luch Diet as offends in fubftance. Acpgan^Eilot, 

'Beefe^a. ftrong and hearty meat (cold in the firft degree , dry in the fecond, 
faith Galen lib,7,'Cap. i-de aUmfac,)is condemned by him, and all fuccecding 
Authors,to breed grofic melancholy blood: Good forfuch asare(bund,and 
of a ftrong conftimtion,fbr labouring men^if ordered aright^corncdjyoung, 
of an Oxe ( for all gelded meats in every fpecies arc held beft^ or if old , « fuch c FrUttgiM. 
as haue beene tired out with labour, are preferred. Lyfubanus and Sabell/cus 
commend Portingall Bcefe to be the moft fauory,beft, and eafieft of digefti- 
on; we commend ours; but all isreieded, andvnfitfor fuch as lead a rcfty 
life,any waics inclined to Melancholy,or dry of complexion T ales ( Galen 

Porke^oizW meats is moft nutritiue in his owne naturc,but altogether vnfit 
for fuch as liue at eafe , are any waies vnfbund of body or minde;Too moift Goat? 
fiill of humours, and therefore no^ch delicati6, faith Savanarola^ ex ear urn v- f^fon mdatur, 
fu vt dubitetur^anfebris quartanageneretur: naught for queafie ftomacks^in l^^^jjjf^ 
fo mucb,that frequent vfc of it may breed a quartan ague. iiptmtum. 

Savanarola difcommends Goats flefh , and fo doth ^ 'Bruerinas , lib:i^, ^'^^^^^ 
ci^.ip. calling it a filihie beaft , and rammifh , and therefore fuppofeth it will [inqm 
breed ranke and filthy fubftance.- yet Kid/uch as arc young,'and tender, /faac Frkiagm) aaF 
accepts^Bruer/nus and Gakn lib, i.cap, i ,de alimentorumfacultatibus, ifiSmfJp- 

Hart^and Redde Deere g hath an ivt^name, ityeeldesgrojfe nutriment ^ a pt^tat aliment 
ftrong and great grained 2neat, next vnto aHorfe. Which ^^^'^^"g^ ^omc JJ^^j^ 
countries ear,as Tartars,and they of china: yet ^ Galen condemncs. Young iijj-^iieta.EqHP' 
Foalesare as commonly eaten in 5^4//?<f as red Deere, and to furnifh their »<»Mro€2?'fl/a»i- 
Nauies ,about C^Ulaga cfpecially, often vfed ^ but fuch meats aske long ba- ^a'^^'S^" 
kingjOr (eethingjto qualifie them,and yet all will not lerue. bus & ajinhft; 

All Venifon is melancholyjand begets bad blood: a picafant mcat.in great vcniTon, Fat. 

H3 , efteeitie^^^'^'"*^ 

Parui.Sed.i, Caujes of Melancholy. Memb.z.SubCiJ 

62 ^eemc with vs / for we haue more Parkes in Engknd , then there arc in all 
Europe befides ; in our folerane feafts. ' Tis fomswhat better hunred , then o 
therwife^and well prepared by cookery 5 but generally bad^ and fcldome to 
be vfed. 

Hare /rrfr^,abIackmeat,mcIanchoIy5andhardofdigeftion,itbreedes Incuhm 

often eaten,and caufedi fcarefull Dreames , fo doth all Venifon , and is con- 
deinned by a lury of Phifitians. Miz^ldus and fome others,fayjthat Hare is a 
merry meat,and that it will make one faire, as M:irtials Epigram teftifies to 
Gellia,hin this is per accidens^ccmk of the good fport it makes,merry com- 
pany ^and good difcourfe diat is commonly at the eating of it ^ & not other- 
wife to be vnderflood. 
Conies. ' Comes are of the nature of Hares. MAgnmus compares them to Bcefc, 
Tamm ahfum Pig,and Goat^ /?<?^.y^w/./'4r/. 3.^4^. ly.yet young RabbetSpby all men are ap- 

Ui cat^.z'i.pi- GeneraIIy,all fuch meats as are hard of Digeftion,breed melancholy, A- 
lorumtcncra& reteus /ik7,cap-'s,.reckons vp heads and feet, ^ bowels, braincs, cntrals, mar- 
TmMiu row,fat,blood,skinnes3and thofe inward parts, as Heart,lungSj liucr^fpleen, 
(ucci naufeam &c.They ate reieded by Ifaac. lib.T. .part ,^.Magmnus part,i^»cap,iy,Brueri^ 
provoc.-nt. mslibAZ,SavanaroURub.i2,Tra5i.2, 

^.jj^^ Milke,and all that comes of milke, as Butter and Cheefe, Curds, &c. m« 

iPifo'Aitomcir. crc^fe melancholyi^Whey only excepted, which is moft wholfbme:) 1 fome 
except Afles milke, The reft, to fuch as are found , is nutritiriue and good, 
. . cfpecially for young children,but becaufe foone turned to corruption, not 
^tuij^a^nim. S°°^ ^^"'^^ ^^'^^^ ^^^"^ vncleane ftomacks,are {[xhitdi to head-ach,or haue 
pati 7i.caft.j7. greenewounds,Stone,&c.OfallCheeles,Itakethatkinde which wee call 
^cmb^'^ ^'^ ^^^^^^y Cheefe to be the beft, ex vetujlis pepmus , the older,ftron ger,and 
xo.csccpts'^aU harder, the worft,as Langius difcourfeth in his epiftle to MeUnUhon.fxx<^^ by 
milke mcaccs AifzalduSflfaac part .'y.Gakn lih.'^Ae cihU hofii fucciy c!^c, 
^AthJSu^l Amongft Fo wle,n Peacocks and Pigeons,all fenny Fowie are forbidden,' 
lancholy* asDucks,Geefc,Svvannes,Hearnes,Craoes3Coots,Dfdappers,VVaterhens, 
A with all thofe Tcales,Curres,Sheldrakes , and peckled Fowles , that come 
raxlrheer. pi', hither in winter out of Scandia^CMufcovy^Greenland^'Freillmdj which halfe 
ifaac. Bruerifi. the yeate are couercd all ouer with fnow,and frozen vp. Though thefe bee 
y.c. 30. & jj-g feathcrs,pleafant in tafte, and haue a good outfide, like Hypocrites, 
white in plumes,and foft,their flefh is hard,blacke3vnwholfome, dangerous, 
melanclioly mza.ugravant ^ ptttreficiunt Bomachum^{^a.it\\ 'jfaac part.'^. de 
njol, their young ones are more tolerable, but young Pigeons hee quite dif. 

Fifhes Rhifis^zxi^ o C^.'lagmms difcommend all Fifh , and lay they breed rifco- 

ocapAipar.^ fities filmy nutriment,little and humerous nourifliment , SavanaroU addes 
cold; moift,and phlegmaticke,7/2i4<r: and therefore vnwholfome for all cold 
and melancholy complexions. Others make a difference , reicifling oncly a- 

proues cap.e^^n^ fuch as are bred in muddy and ftanding waters , and haue 
a taft of mud,as Framifcus Bonfuetus poetically defines, lib. de^quatiliUs. 
Nam pifces omnes^quiflagna^ lacuf^frequentant^ 
Semper plus fucci deterioris habcKt, 
All Fillijthat ftanding pooles and lakes frequent, 
Doeeveryeddbadiuyceaudnourifhmenr. Lam^ 

Parci.Sed.i. %Caufes of Melancholy. Memb.z.Subt i. 

Lamprcyes,F^«/«J lovius cdp.-i^a^. depfcibus jlnvid. highly magnifies ^ and 6^ 
(aithjiionefjpeakeagainft them but inefti and fcrupulojiy fome fcrupulous 
perfons^ but P Eeles caj/,7,^.he Morreth in all places, at all times ^all Vhyfitims ?Omi loco c- 
detefl them^e/pecidy about the SoljUce.GomefiHs lib, i,eap.22 Jefale doth im- "^^J^Z 
moderately extoll Sea fillijwhich others as much vilifie , and aboue the reft, /«r angHiiiJ"'' 
dryed/owccd.indurate fifh,asLing,Fumados, Red herrings. Sprats, Stock- P'4^>'^'^ eifci 
fil'b,Habberdine,poore Iohn,all {liellfilli. q Tim, Bright excepts Lobftar and Sl'^m^- 
Crab. cJl^<r/74r///i^ commends Salmon, which Bruerwffs coutvadids /ib, 22. nistum agm. 
cap, I -jMAgninus reieds Congre^SturgeonjTurbet, Mackerell,Skate. of ivii'* 

Carpe,is a fi(li,of which I knovve not what to determine. Francifcus Bon- jancholy. ^' 
fuctws accompts it a muddy fitl), Hippolitm Salvianm in his booke dc Pifci' , 
urn natura dr praparatione ^which was printed at Rome in fol. 1 5 54.with moft 
elegant pi6^ures,efteemes Carp no better then a flimy watery meat. P./ovi- 
us on the other fide,difallowing Tench, approues of it: So doth pubravius 
in his bookes of Fifh ponds. Ireitagius extols it for an excellent wholfomc r opt'mHutrk 
meat, and puts itamongft the Fifhes of the beft ranke : and fo doe moft of Ztt""lmnftl 
our Countrey Gentlemen, that ftore their Ponds almoft with no other Fifh. pifcesgupprx- 
But this controuerfie iscafily decided,in my.iudgement,by Bruerinm lib, 21, i^"^"* 
cap. I :^.The difference rifeth from the fite and nature of Pooles , fometimes l^r^jlls^fr 
muddy,fometimes{vvcet:theyareintafteas the place is from whence they variorum jiiu, 
be taken. In Hkc manner almoft we may conclude of other frefh-filTi. But fee ^ "^^'*!"''^^&: 
more m Rondolettm^BeUomm^Ortbapm ltb.j.cap. 22. IJaac. ub, j. eipecially fortlaxtur tajfi" 
H/ppol/t us Sahiams jwho is i»^ar omnium folus^^c, Howlbeuer they may ^<^nim,a\ihi ^ 
be wholfome and approued,much vfe of them is not good; P. Forejlus in his fuMimlres! 
Medicinall obferuations,^ relates that Carthujian Friers, whole lining is moft tobfervat. i^, 
part Firh,are more fubied: to melancholy then any other order , and that hee 
found by experience,bcing foiTictimes their Phyfitian ordinary at Delph in 
HoUxnd, He exemplifies it with an inftance of one Bufcodnefe a Carthujian of 
a ruddy colour,and well likeing,that by folitary lining and fifh eating became 
fo mifaffeded. 

Amongfthearbes to be eaten, Ifinde Gourds,Cowcumbers,Coieworts, Hcarbcj, 
Mellons difallowed,but efpecially cabbage. It caufeth troublefome dreames, 
and fends vp blacke vapours to thebraine.G'rf/<f/?./(3t.<<^^, //^.g. cap^S, of all 
hearbes condemnes Cabbage, And Ifaac lib.2,cap, i,ammagiravitatem facit, 
it brings heauineffe to the Soule, Some are ofopinion , that all raw hearbes 
and fallets breed melancholy blood,except Bugloftc and Lettice. Crato con- 
/S"/.2r.//^.2.fpeakesagainftall hearbs and worts, except Borrage,Buglofle, 
Fennell,Parlly,Dill,Bawme,Succory. Magninus regim/anitatis i.part. cap. 
5 i.omnes herb^ jimpliciter maU^via cibi^hW hearbes are fimply cuill to feed 
onf as be thinkes.^ So did that fcoffing Cooke in " Plant us hold^ " Jfiudeiis^aa 

■ Non ego cocndm condio vt al^ coquifoleitt'^ ^ 
^ Qui mihi condita prat a in patinif proferunt , 

Boves qui convivas fa.ciuntjherb(ifj^ agger unt. 
Like other Cookes I doe not fupper dreflc. 
That put whole mcddowes into a platter. 
And make no better of their Guefts then Becues, 
With hearbes and grafle to feed them fatter. 
Oiir It dims aad Spdniards doe make a whole dinner of hearbes and falletSp' 


Parc.i.Sed.1. Caufes of Melanchol^^. $ Memb.i.Subri. 

^4 ^which our (aid Plautus calls ccenas Terrefires^ Horace^ ccenas fine f anguine) 
by which meanes as he foUowes it, 

X pii«t//i M. X uic homines tarn brevem vitam colunt, . 

Qui her has huiufmodi in alvum fmm conger unt^ 

Formidolofum dicln^non efumodo^ 

Qjsas her bos pecudes non edunt ^homines edunt. 

Their liues that eat fuch hearbs, m urt needs be fliorr. 
And 'tis a f earefull thin g for to report. 
That men fhould feed on fuch a kinde of meat, 
Which very iiiments would refufe to eat. 
^i^fetudil^' y They are windie,and not fit therefore to bee eaten of all men raw, tiTough 
%Iqmfq^con- qualified with oyIe,but in brothes or otherwife. See more of thefc in every 
fdet,quiufus % Husbandman and Herbalift. Rootcs , Etft qmrundam gentium opes fint^ 
mTmnforl7as ^'^"h Bruerinus, the wealth ofromecounriies,and fole food, are windy and 
p/.twct/«U'^?/fi- bad,ortroublefometothehead;as Onions, Gar]icke,ScalIions, Turneps, 
**Ta!tV£ Carrets,Radifhes,Parfnips5 Crato //h.2.confil,ii.dM\o\\/sa\\ Roots,though 
w CAM- ^ ^^"''^ approue of Parfhips,and Potatoes, ^ Magninus is of Cratds opinion, 
ro vfit mei, c (Jjey trouble the mindejending grojfe fumes to the'braine^make men madde^ 
'deuortoi^'^ efpccially Garlick,Onions,ifa man liberally feed on them a yeare together. 
Cfe(cent.H£tba- GuUnerius T raci. 1 5.r^/',2.complaincs of all manner of Roores , and To doth 
Rooted Bruerims^tucn Parfnips themfelues,which are the beft, /. 9, c, 14. fajlinaca - 
a caf.\i.Hn.i ^f*^ vfus fuccos gignit improbos, Crato confd, 1 1Mb, r . vtterly forbids all man- 
Bright iii his net of fruits,as Peares, Apples,Plums,Cherries,Strawberr ies,Nuts,MedIers^ 
'c^imiSm' Scrucs,&c.5iiA?^«//?<f«> inficiunt^ faith P^/Uanovanus jthey infed the blood, & 
/«rto,pro^/»-putrifieit,/W<t^»/»«jholds,andmufl not therefore be taken , via cibi, aut 
cm quant it Ate magna^not to make a meale ofjOr in any great quantite. ^ Cardan 
quit Magnin.) "lakes that a caufe of their continuall ficknefle at Feja in '^fricke , becaufe^ 
quod fi quisex they Hue fo much on fruit sweating them thrice a day. Laurent ius approues of 
y^pr annum fruits.in his Trad: of Melancholy ,which others difallow.and amonefl 

tsntmue com:- , ^ * . 1 • i r i-i -r i r-. • • *^ 

datjininfimm the reft Apples,wnicn lome likewile commend,Sweetings,Pairmaines,Pip- 
taderet cap 13. pj^s , as good againft MclanchoIy. But to him that is any way inclined to,or 
Improbifucci touchcd with this malady ,e Nicholas Ptfo in his Pradicks , forbids all fruits, 
(itnt.CAp. I i. as windie,or to be fparingly eaten at lealt,and not raw. Amongft other fruits 
dpererm va- f ^yn^jrinus out oi Galen, excepts Grapes and Figges ,but I finde them like- 
pferag, wife rcicded. All Pulfe are.naught,Beanes,Peafe, Fitches, &c. They fill the 
morbofr,quod Braine (faith ifaackjwith grolle fumes,breed blacke thicke blood , and caufe 
rf!f Te/r^i*. froublefome dreames. And therefore that which Pythagoras faid to his 
e Cap de Mel. Schollcts ofoId,may be for ever applied to Melancholy men, afabis abjiine- 
PulTe"' Peafe,nor Beanes: yet to fuch as will needs eat them, I would giue 

" ^* this cOLinfell to prepare them according to thofc rules that L^rnoldus ril- 

/anovanus ^and Frietagius prefcribe, for eatmg and dreffing Fruits, Hearbs, 


Spices , Spices caufe hot and head melancholy , and arc for that caufe forbidSbn 
by our Phyfitians,to fuch men as are inclined to this m3lady,as Pepper,Gin- 
gBrightcap.g ger,Cinnamon,Cloues,Mace,Dates, &c; Hony and Sugar. § Some except 
hHT'au^' ^^^y-^^^ ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ be tolerable,but ^ Dulciafe in bilem ver- 
Scliman- tunt.xh^ are obf^rudiue. Crato therefore forbids all Spice , in a confultation 
(iuu, ofhis,for a Melancholy Schoolcmafter, Ommaaromatica , quicquid fan- 


m.i.ScitU'^^ ' i>ieta caufe. Memb.z, Subf. i ■ 

tipiem adurU: fo doth FernelfHshnftl,^'^'. Gtiimeruts traci. i^.cap, 2. Mer^ ^5 
/m/fif c0»/,i^9. To thcfe I may Adde all fharpeand fbwre things, lufcious 
nd ouer fweet^ or Fat^as Oylej Vineger^Veriuice, Muftard, Salt, as fwect 
lings are obftrudiue/o thefe SiiQCortofvx.Gomefius in his bookes de Sa/e 
ika.c^p' i I • highly Gommends Salt; lb doth Codromhus in his Trai^ de fde 
^hf^^thij, Ltmn, /. 3 .CAp^^M oc<:ult,mt,mir, yet common experience finds 
>.iit»andicitrticats,to be great ptocurcES of this difcafe. And ibr ihatcaufe 
[jelikc rhofe Egjptsan Priellsabftained from Salt, eiicn fo much as in their 
Bread,^/ fine pertur bat tone amma epty^dtkh mine Author, that their foules 
might be free from perturbations, . .; . ; . 

Bread that is made of; bafer graine,a5 Pcafe,Beanes,0ates5Rye or ^ ouer Bread, 
hard baked ^crufty &black)is often fpokc againft^as caufing melancholy iuice ^ ^'^^ ^o'"^^"^ 
and winde. loh.Ma^ior in the firft booke ofhis Hiftory of 5f «?//W,;contends Zmquifg^ait 
much for the wholfomenellc of Oaten Breadjit was obiedcd to him than U- ^^/^A-yw. schol. 
ving al! -^(irii in Frame^tlm his Countrymen fed on Oates and bafe grainoj 
as a difgrace; but he doth ingenioufly confeile , ScotUiid^ Wales, and a third 
pare England , did moft part vfe tl'Jat kinde of Bread , that it was as whol- 
feme as any graine,and yeeldcd as good naurillimcnt. And yet Wecker out " 
oi Galen ^C3l\\s It horfe meat^and fitter ^or iuments, then men to feed on. But 
read GM^n himfclfe lib. i .de cibis boni ^'mali fuccf^ more largely diicour- 
fing ot Come and Bread. . '>'^ ; 

Allblack Wines ,ouer hot^cortipoundjftrong thick drinkes,as Mufcadine, 
MaIniefie5Allegant,Riimny,Brownebaflard ,Metheglen, and the like, of 
which they haue 30 fcuerall kindes in A^iovy , all Tuch made drinkes are 
hurtfnll in this cafejto luch as are hbt,or of a (anguine cholerick complexion, 
young , or inclined to head mclancioly. For many times the drinking of 
winealonc caufcth it- Arcdam€ycaf^\ t^n ^Xhajis^ puts in Wine for a great \ ^^^j.- 
cauic^ipeciallyjif it be immodcraccly.vlcd» (» «/4»wW Tra5i. 15. cap.2, tells dnm. 
a ftory of two Dutchft3en5to whom he gaue entertainement in his houfe/W 
» in one months j}ace vpere both melancholy by drinking ofwine^ , one did " bV^i^w 
nought but fing,the other fighe. Gden lib. de caujis morb. cap, 3. Mathtolm duo Akmani in 
on Diofior ides, ^nd aboue all other Andreas Bachim lib.'i,cap.\%.\$.2o}[\m<z '^'"/^ '^f" 
reckoned vp thofe inconveniences that come by Wine. Yet notwithftan-^a^/ ^ 
ding all.this^to fuch as arc cold^or fluggifh melancholy, a cuppe of Wine is 
good Pliyficke^and fb doth Mcr cur talis grant, confil. 25. in that cafe ,.if the 
temperature be cold, as tomoft melancholy men it is , Wine is much com- 
mended,ifit be moderately vied. Cider and Perry are both cold and windy ^^^^^^"^"^t 
drinkes , and for that caufe to be negleded ^ and fo arc all thofe hot Ipiced 
flrong drinkes. \,-.:.c 

^^^r^-^if it be ouer-ncw or ouer-ftale, ouer-{lrong,or not fod, finell of the BSere. _ 
caske, (harp or fowre is moft vnwholfome , frets and gaules, &c. Hem tern J"^ j 
^yterm in a " confultation ofhis, for one that laboured of Hypocondria. ocrajjum gene- 
call mdancholy difcommends Beere. So doth o Crato in that excellent coun- 
fell ofhis lib.2.confil- 2 i.as two windie becaufe of the Hop. But hec meanes 
belike that thicke blacke Bohemian Bearc vied in fomc odier parts of P Ger- p About 

Bum bibituf ^nilcUrim eft dim mtngttur^nde jict^. 
Conflat quodmtilt(^fAces in corpore lint^mt, 

I Nothing 

Part.i.Scdi. CaufesofMe/anMj. Mcmb^.Subrx, 

62 Nothing conies in Co thick 

Nothing goes out fo thinne, 

. . It muft needs follow then 

bmctn^ii. u..' The dregges are left witto. <• , 

^Voti'A tum{i' A«ihAtdld4 Poet Ceo ffcd,ca\l'mg it StygUmo/fJIruwcOMformt/fs/aM;a m^^^^ 
[iS.r ^"^^"^ drinkejike the riuer Styx. But let them fay as they M , to Cudi aftrrc 
Waters. accuftomcd vntoir,Vi6J a mojl voholfome (Co"^ Polidor r/rgi/x^lkth it) ^»d/i 
\anmldcl' Z'^^'*/^^^ ^'■^'^^^5" more fubtill and better for the hop that rarifics it ■ hath 
vM^jL/ 4«f ^" efpeciall vcrtue againft melancholy, as our Herbali/ls coirfefle^ Fuchjuw 
•^ux ex (iagnis apptoue^ J/lf. J fe^. 2 J/^fi/t, cap. 1 1 . and many others; 
JrrS & Standing Watei.s,thicke and ill coloured , fuch as come forth of Poolcs, 
male olentes, and Motcs,where hemp hath beene fteeped, or flimy E(hes Hue, are moid vn- 
umoxmmred- ^ho^^^'^e^putrificd and full of mites,creepcrs,f]imy, muddy, vnclcane, cor- 
dit&bene9- rupt^impure^by reafon of the Sunnes hear^nd Ml landing: they caufe foule 
Imem. diftemperaturcs in the body and minde of man , are vnfit to make drinke of 
luTcoatne^' ^^^^^ ^^^^^ witbjor to be ^ vfcd about men inwardly or outwardly .They 
mn em^ndari. are good for many domefticall vfes ,to wafh horfes, water Cattle &c. or in 
tf^f^!^^ ^^"^^ Heceffiry,but not othcrwife. Some arc of opinion , that fuch fat ftan- 
ding waters make tlie bcft J6eere,and that feething doth defecate ir, as KCar^ 
pHtridai,[i>ieui, aAn holds Uy,\7,.fryti.l.lt mnh theftikftancemdfkuourofit^ but it isapara- 
'$m7uM. "j"^^^' ^"^h beere may be ftrongcr,but not fo wholfome as the other, as ^ Joi 
mm CO, prii & bertfa truely iuftifieth out oCOak^,- Paradox, dec, i.Paradox. 5 that the fee 
-ni- !^^»g^of/"ch imppre waters doth not purge or purifie thcm.P^^^.i.^V 
tjitattm indu. Tenent,and P.Crefcentim agricultjib. i.& li^.^^cap,!!.^ c A 

cafijcma bi- Pamph;/M HerflacusJiy.^Jenaf.a^uarumJachwatersai:e naueht ' not to 
l>e vfed,^ndby theteflimonyofxc747.4 Breed ^gues .Dropfies^Pleurer^es, 
vibm coa£i^ Spleneticke and meUmholypapons, hurt the eyes .caufe a bad temperature and 
t(£^f. ^^^^M'^'^^ of the Me body, ^ah bad colour. Tins lobertLmy i^ain- 
capW ^^^^^^f^radox^^^^^^ itcaufcth bleare cycs,badcoIour,andmanv 

zi>f«fe.^. W/Z.loathfomedifeafes toTuch asvfe it: This which they fay flands with pooH 

Aqyuania ob a - t"ch as dtinkc It. * i^xtm^x: as now called ^erdurL the fairefl riuer in a^im 

V7^T-:;^f>^^^^^ ^lelcman .o^p2TaXt 

coporadcri^ f W^^c in Theffa/yAimcs Cattle moft pare white Jipotu^ duc^ / Z 
vamur banm Bohemm referres thaty Strumajox poke of the Bavar^^^^t^nr^ e'/ J. • 

cj,.p.,u.HU- ff'^'f^f^ Bods>K fiippofeth the flatting of fomc fimilies in dfauitJil'! 

,J«.,w/I-f''*'~''-^«^;^^"'-^»*^^. So that they that vfefilthie/andina H 
w, commm<^ loured.thicIc,muddy water.muft needs haue muddv ill 0010,,^^^; ^' j 

to all manner of infirmities j r > •^^-vicduy moiect 






Parta^vScd.!. Diet a caufe, Memb.z.SubC:? 

Simnels, Biinnes, Cracknels made of biitter, fpice, Sec. Fritters^Pancakes, e-j 
Pies,Sal(ages,at^d thole feuerall fauces,lliarp or oner fwecc , ofwhich Scien- <• AsLctticc 
tiapopin£^?iS Seneca oils it^hath ferued thofc ^ AfkUn trickes,and perfumed *Birds 
didies^vvhich ^ Adrian the ^^Popc , fo much admired in the accounts of his fed wjth Fci 
predecellbur Z^-o Decimm\ And which prodigious riot and prodigality hauc "'^^^ ^ ^"S* 
invented in this age. Thefe doe generally ingender grcfle humours , till the Concubme v- 
ftomacke with crudities^and allthofe inward parts with obftrudions. Mon- in Avigni- 
tantu confil.ii, giues inftance in a melancholy lew , that by eating fuch tart d^iw*?^"" 
fauces,made dilTieSyind lalt meats, with which he was ouermuch delighted, tiumikafaTefst, 
bccamemelancholy and was evil! affeded. Such examples are familiar and ?^''^''»'C'^'^" 
common. buUmf.ch:Pc^ 

SvBSECT, 2. 

Quantity of Diet a caufe,. 

Here is not (o much harme proceeding from the fubftancc itfelfe eii^i.ii.f/:/?, 
ormeat,and qualitv ofit, in ill drelline and preparine , as there is /^■'"''.fi?' ^" 
rrom tIteqi.aatitic,dilorderot time and place, vnicalonable vie or y//«pjfx,«:f>z;4- 
it,<^ intemperance, oner ir.iich , or ouer little taking ofit. A true p ciborua p- 
fayingit is , Plures crapulaqukm gUd;u6 , this gluttony kills more then the 'Jem^rZiol 
iwordjZhisomnivorantiafC^ homrcidaguU^ihis al-devouring and murdering y^jw«//o5wor- 
gut. And that of^ Plmy is imtx ^Simple diet is the be ft Jje aping vp of fever Si ^^^^'^^^^/^^^^^ 
meats u per nit ious^and fauces rvorfe^many d/fbes bring many dtfeafes. ^ Avi- i^.ijdi.capi 
cries out^that /^i^rte^ is vporf then to feed on many difhes , or to protract ^'(■'i' detetius 
the time of meats longer then ordinary^ from thence proceed our ^^fi^f^^^^^^iTuSingius^c^m 
and 'tis the fount aine of all dfeafeSjtvhich arife out of the repugnancy ofgrofje mcAtnAo protra 
humours, Thencc^faich B Ferneltus^Qomc crudities,winde,oppilations , caco- ^J^^^*^ ""^^^J^ 
chymia,plethora^Cachexia^radiopepfta^^ Hincfubitte mortes^ at^ f^^^ft^f<^"o7^iungmulT 
fene5}tisS^\ddci\ death, &c.and what iiot. mrherupi 
As a Lampe is choaked with a multitude of byIe,or a little fire with ouer- ^relulZuh». 
much wood quite extinguifhed; ibis the naturall heat with immoderate cR-mnm oritur, 
ting fttang'ed in the body. Pcrnitiofa fentina eft abdomen infaturabile ; one ^ p^'* ^-^.^.i^ 
faith,an infatiable paunch is a pernitious finke , and thefountaine of all difca- hSi/Jip/c- 
fes both of body and minde. ^ CMercUrialii will haus it a peculiar caule of"" cikrum fa- 
this priuate difeaic. Solenander confi/.'i.fea^^.ilMratzs this of Mercurialis^ cn^mianMk 
with an example of one fo melancholy , ab intempeftivis commeffationibus^ \ cemfHofu- 
vnfeafonable feafling. » Cr^^o confirmes as much, in that often cited coun- ^^'■^^'^'^"Hd^ 
fell52i.i/^.2.puttingfuperfluous eating for a maiac caufe. But what need I 
ieekcfarther for proofes? Heare Hippocrates him{c\fc fib. '2 .Aphor if. lo. /m- k^mptrampo- 
Vure bodies the more they are nourifhedjhe more they are hurt , for the nou- ^[^T^!" '""^^ 
rijhment is putrified with vtttous humours. cm ydk: pme- 

And yet for all this harme , which apparently followes furfetting & drun- A'"" "li^aii-- 
kennefle,fce hovv we luxuriate and rage in this kinde, quam ^portentofe cjina^ fushlmr."^"^ 
prodigious fuppers , t dum invitant adc^nam , ejjerunt ad fepulchrum, WnlGadtn^ 
what Fagos^EpicureSy'^pitioSyHe/iogables our times afford ? LucuU^s Ghofl fj^^^^^f^ 
walkes flilljand every man defires to fup in ApoUo: t^fops coMy difh is ordi- 1 Amimldt 
Hai-ilv ferued vp, * — r""^ Maris illi iuvant^^ux piuris emuntur^ itm.cjp.14, 
^ ' ' - I 2 The ''"i?* 

" I — ■ ■ — __— — — , 

Par 1. 1 . Sed. 1 . Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmh.zS ubfi- 

(58 The dcareft cates are bcft^and 'tis an ordinary thing to beftow 20 or 30^ on 
I Gukcuird^e. a difh,fome thoufand Crovvnes vpon a dinner: Ol'luUj-HametKing of Fez 
*^vU44idu> Morocco fpcnt three pound on the faiice of a Capon: 'tis nothing in our 
t}jum]n \r.x- timcs,we fcorne all that is chcA'^c.m loath the very l/ghtf {ome of vs , as Se- 
tuitim doUt ^gf.^ noizs^becaufe it comes freehand vpe are offended with the Sunnes heat^ ^ 
f $!\ium thvfe coole yUp^becAufe voe buy them not. This aire wc breath is fo common, 
tmennon po(fi- rpe care not for //,nathing pleafcth but what is dcare. And if wc bee ^ witty 
"ih^nmrm ^"X thing Jt is adguUm: If we ftudy at all , it is erudito luxu , to pleafe the 
tx fadii,&c. pallat,and to fitis fie t he %ut^A Cooke of old vpas a bafe knaue ( as Livy com- 
adeonibjpiacet, pJaincs)^^/ norv a great man in requejl: Cooker j is be coma an art , a noble fci- 
nt^iqug ^'^^^ cfjf.g^QQokes are Gentlemen'^t^enter Dens'^ They \yearc //'^'/r brainesin their 
m Jnitmfi ad bellies^and their guts tn their headi , as " Agrippa taxed fome Parafitcs of his 
^Q^^^v,^^- time,riirhing on their ownedeflru^^ runne vpon the 

c;/;j«OT, niM in point of a fword5^y^ dum rumpantur comcdunty ° all day , all night , let the 
omni <e(iirmh- phyfician fay what lie willjimminent danger, and ferall difeafes are now rea- 
7efic"ptal^&e. to feizc vpon them,they wil eat till they womh,Ediint -vt vomant /uomunt 
nEpijt. 12.1.7. vt edant faith Se»eca',which DionTclaxcsofriteli/fiS y/olo tranfitu cibormt 

away; or till they burft a- 

paimu,&c. ' gaine. P Strage animantium ventrem onsrant^and rake oner all the world,as • 
oiuiHcem ex- fo many ^ f]aues,belly-gods,andlandfcrpentSj^ totf^s or bis ventri ntmis an* 
^^stmcaT' ^«/^>£he whole Avorld cannot fatisfie their appetite."* Seajand/ivers^lakes^ 
t Mancipia lu- (jTC, may not gitie content to their ragingguts^ To make vp the mefle , what 
^''^TdT^m i'""n^^<Jcta^e drinkirhg in euery placer* Senem potum pota trahebat anm^ how 
5L«fei-s<r- theyflocketotheTavernerasifthey were/9//^^'j'f<?;?/«w^rf borne to 
ntcx confoLad no Other end but to eat and drinkc^like Offellius '5/W/%^,that famous Raman 
*sZtlmgut P^J^afite ^^^ui dum vixit , aut bibit aut minxit 5 as fo many Caskes to hold 
twa fatmt non winc^yea worfe then a Cask that marres wine^and it felfc is not marred by 
marhMnxas' ^^?^^^ ^^^^^ '^^^ hmuc mQn^Silenm Ebrim was no brauer. Et qua fuerunt vi^ 
Sjiivm demt mores funt: 'tis now the fafhion of our timcs^an honour ; Nunc vero res 
fer.curiai, ifla eo redp (^as Chryfoflome fer,'^o.in $,Ephe/. comments J rt eff^minata rt- 
dende^ ignavialoco habeatur , noUe inebriari , 'tis now coine to that pafle 
that he is no Gentleman,a very milkefop, a clownc , of no bringing vp , that 
will not drinkc,fit for no company: he is your only gallant , that plaies it off 
fkieft^nodifparagementnowtofiagger in the flreets , reele, raue, &c. but 
much to his fame and renowne; as in like cafe Epidicm told Thefprio his fel- 
t Vlaut^u feruantjin the f Poet. iJEd^ol facinm improbum, one vrged, the other 

replied; at iaTt al^ fecere idem^erit lUi ilia res honor 'tis now no fault there 
befomanybraue examples to beare one out: 'tis a credit to haue a flrong 
braine,and carry his hquor well : the folc contention who can drinke mofl 
and fox his fellow foonefl.'Tis xhtfummum bonum ofoiir Tradefmen , their 
(cMty, tanta dulcedine affecJantfikh Plrnyjib. i^.cap. ii.Ft magna pars non 
aliud vtt£pramium inte\ligat^i\\zy will labour hard all day long to be drunk 
at nighr,and convert day into night, as Seneca taxeth fome in his times , per- 
vert unt officia nociis lucii , when we rife,they commonly goe to bed like 
out Antipodes^ Nofg^vbiprimmequis oriens afflavit anhelis ' 

jJlis fera rubens accendit lumina ve/per. 
So did Petronitts in T mtm^ HeUogabalm in Lamprtdim^ 
^^^^ m %'*^No^esvigiUbat adipfum 



l^art i.Scd^i. Dietacaufe. . Memb.x,Subf.2. 

Mane jLiem mum [lertebAt, , ^<?rr« , againft whom 6^ 

7«i^ fo much inucighSjin winter he neuer was extra tectum ^vix extra le- 
^um^nQUcv almoft out of bcd,t Ml wenching,and drinking ^ To did he fpend c(mvixjm,maii 
his time, and fo doe Myriads in our daies. They haue gymnafu bibonum^ 
Ichoolesand randeuoiiz,thefe Centaures and Lap/th^^zoHe pots, and boles^ P^^^'^omereba' 
as fo many balsjavent new tricksjas Saufages^ Anchoiies,Tobacco,Caveai e, ^ quo plus 
pickled Oyfters,Herrings,Fumados,&c. innumerable fait meats to increafe ^^^'^^^^'^^^^^^ 
their appetite,and ftudy how to hurt themfelues by taking Antidotes , ^ to tantur. ^ 
carry their drinke the better: ^ And when naught elfeferues , they vpillgoc^ ^^^^"^ Z""'''*^" 
forth ^or be conveighed out to empty their gorge ^thxt they may return to drtnk v\um 
afrefh.Jhcy make hwcsi/^fanas kges ^contra bibendi faUuiits.and " bragge of turjtepien vt 
it when they haue done , crowning that man that is fooneft gone , as iheir ^exhiumfmbi. 
drunken predeceflburs haue done , — f quid ego 'video ? Pf- Cuw corona bant.Amhrop 
p/eudo/um ebrium tuum, — And when they arc dead , will haue a Can of" ^'<f* 
wine witli ^ Marons old woman to bee engrauen on their tombcs. So tliey Tatmmfe^c. 
triumph in villany , and iulHfie their wickednede , with Rablats that French t P/<»«fw. 
z:Af/<i;?,drunkennc(le i:> better for the body then phyfickc , becaule there bee cap^'^"^*''^'* 
more old drunkards then old Phifitians. Many fuch frothy arguments they x Giauamcon- 
haue„^ inviting and incouraging others to doe as they doe , and loue them "^"'"^ poiando, 
deately for irf^no glcw like to. that nfgood fcllowfbip) So did ^ilcibiades'in }^es!^'"^ 
Grecce^Nero^onofm^Heliogabdtii in Rome^ or Alegabaltis rather, as hee was * i-'^*- dc tdw^ 
ftyled of old /as y Ignatim proucs out of fome old coynes. ) So doc many J^^''^, J*,'^''^*' 
great men ftill , as lleresbachim obfcrucs. When a Prince drinkes till his ^ Virg, 
eyes ftare, like 'Bttias in the Poet, l\le impiger hauflt * ^tiemftrenui 

Spummtem vino pater am) — and comes off cIeerely,found Trum- lllfs^ellam 
pecs,Fife and Drummes^the fpedators will applaud him, the * 'Bifhop him- cum mgemm 
fe/fef iihc bely thejn not) mth his Chaplaine w ill (land by and doe as much , O 
dignumprmctf/e hau/tum^ twas done like a Prince. Our Dutchmen tnvtte all xBohemmm 
commers with a payle and a d/jh^ velut infundibula integras obbas exhauri- ^(^xma . ^deo 
unt^dr in monHrofis poculisipp. monjlrofimonflroftus epotant^maktng barrels ^^fjg^^\f' 
of their bellies. Incredibile diBu , as ^ one of their owne countrimen com- ipy/i bWmv ^vt 
Tp\R\\\cs,:Qjfantumliquoris immodejlifimagens capiat ^^'C. Hovp they loue ^ ^"^T^'JJ'^f^''"*" 
man that will be drunke^crowne him and honour him for it^ hare him that will ihii \oium 
not pledge him5ftab him,kill him,a mo{i intolerable offence , and not to bee camharisfatiu' 
forgiuen. He is a mortall emmy that will not drinke with him , as Munfler ^f^dmpJt'i^^* 
reki tes of the Saxons. So in Poland , hee is the beft fervitor, and the honefteft muiaraie appo. 
fellow jfaith f^lexander GaguinHs,"^ that drinketh mofl healths to the honour "^"l'^^"'^^^' 
of his maficr^z lliall be rewarded as a good fervant , accounted a moft vali- tamw quemii 
ant man^for ^Tam inter epulas fortis vir effe potejl ac in bello, as much valor ^et ad libitum 
is to be found in feaf^ing as in fighting,and fbme of our Cicty Captaines, & Toia'u ine^edU 
Carpet Knights will make this good , and proue it. 1 hus they many times biie^ quantHm 
wilfully pervert the POod temperature of their bodies, itific their wits , (Iran- f'""/^'' ^^."o^^^ 

1 ^ J J, ^ • i n mmodefta gens 

gle naturc,and degenerate into bems. enpiat;pius po- 

Some againe are in the other extreame , and drawe this mifchicfe on their toKtmamicifi- 
heads by too ceremonious and ftrid diet , being ouerprecife , Cockney-like, 
and curious in their obfcruation of meats , times ^ as that Medicina flatica immmfflmum \ 

contra quinon 

vult& C(ede&fu(iibus expiant. * ^lapotoferecnCatJboflU hmtuf^cf cjede nonmnqnam ret eKfiatur. * miUm bibit 
prof ditto domiai melwr habctur mim[kr. t Gi<ec,Poeta apidStobmm yfeui^, 

I 3 prefcribes 

Parci.Sed.z, Caujes of Melancholy, Mcmb.i.Siibrj- 

70 prefcribes^iuft Co many ounces at dinner, which t Lefm enioynes , fo much 
at ftipper^not a little more^nor a little lefle^of fuch meat, and at fiich houres,a 
diet drinke in the morning, Cock-broth, China-broth at dinner ,Plumbc- 
\:hHMt& ^ Chicke»,a Rabber,ribbe of a Rackc of miitton,winge of a capon,the 

Nsae vigilant ^^^^^Y thought of a hen,&c.to founder bodies this is to nice &moft abfurdc. 
facile caduHt in Others offend in ouermiich fafting.-Pining adaies,laith ^ Guianerius^im^ vva- 
^^"g^'^njg^^tSjasmany c^/<?<7rd'i-&T'»r/t£'i'inthcfe our times doe; ^ncho* 
mdumixce. rites ^CMonks^andtlfe reft of that fuperftttiousrmke(2i% the fame GuUnerius 
dmtx.^. trad, witnefleth that he bath often fe ene to haue happened in his time) through im^ 
Ymuuti^fii'^ ^^^'^^^t^M^^g^h Offuch men belike Hippo^ 

iiay vtiiifepe crates fi>eakcs, \,Aphor.^, when as he faith ^ They more of end in too J}aring 
'ctSlrZeo'^'^^-'^'^'^^^^'^^^f^ damnijied,thenthey that feed liberally^ axdare ready 

feruire cupimt ^ofurfet, 
p er iriuaium, 

qu'od mmiiciefficiantur-^ ipfc viii fitpe, c Jn mm viRa at^i del'mqttuHt, ex quo fit vt maim afficiantut detrlmm 0, maio'i^ 
[it error tenui q«am [Heniore viCla. 


Ctisiomeofdiet, Delight, <^ppetite, Necepty^ 
how they caufe or hinder, 

O rule is fo gencrall which admits not fbme exception : to this 
therefore which hath beene hitherto faid, (for Illiall otherwife 
Imci^ufta^' ^^Sf ofcommonsjand thofe inconueniences which 

fuacetiamfide- ^^^^ procccd from the fiibflance of meates , a intemperate or vnfea- 
^ttirultiT^'^Tr ^^"'^^^^ °^ them, cufiome fomewhat detrads,and qualifies according to 
re folm. ^^^^^ ^f Hip^ocrates,2,Aphorif.'^o, ^ Such things as vcee hnue beene long ac- 
c 6>»i medice cuFlomedto, though they be eviUin their ovpne nature: yet they are leffe offen* 
vmumicn vir j^^^^ Qthcrwife it might well be obieded, that it were a meere ^ tyranny to 
iConfuetuda liue after thofe firictrulesofphyficke. For ^ cuftome doth alter nature it 
''^uidorT' ^-^^'^"^ ^'^^ " makes bad meates wholfome,and vn- 

Lre^G?occ- f-^fonablc times to caufe no diforder.Cider and Perry arc windie drinkes,{b 
ftcrftire.Wor areallrmits windy in themfelues, cold mof^part, yet in fbme fhiresof 
huo^^Mi, " 'E.ngland^Normandy mFrancefiuipufcoa inSpaine Jtis their common driiike^ 
' fokcameiorum * and they arc no whit-offended with it.In Spatne^Italy^ and Affricke^xhty liuc 
^'^if\Te/7fl i"o^tonroots,rawhearbes,h Camels milke, and it agrees well -with them, 
n£mmbi- which to a f^ranger will caufe much grieuance. In Wales^ USiiciniijs vefcun- 
unt. tur^is Huwfry Lluydcon£eM\ a Cambr0'Bratainehim(c\(c in his elegant 

G^Jli^fiibui ^P^^^^^ to 'Graham Ortelim. They Hue mof^ on whit-meates,in HolUndon 
magK quam Firh,Roots,Butter: and fo at this day in Greece * ^eHonius obferues they 
"p'jj^J;.^.^^^^ had much rather feed on Fifh then Flcf^^ With vs Maxima ^ars viHus in 
butiro Z7 '^^^^^ conjipt^ we feed on Flefh moi^ part, faith k Poly dor Virgil^ as all nor- 
bibm ( nau^eo theme countries doe; and it would be very o ffcnfiue to vs , to liuc after their 

J^'Z^Je*'^'^^^^^ wincj theyvfe oyle, 

omnia fercuh& WC butter: vvee in the north are 1 great eaters, they molt fparing in thofe hot- 
bcu^ina locum ter Countries: and yet they and wee following our otvnc cuibmes , aie well 

obUiieLSteph. ^ ^ o , *vw*i 

pr^efar. Herod,(i!iLib.jJjijl.Aitz. iP.^ms difcrip.BritOfM'tt.tacy fiz, eat &drinkcall day at dinner, in IprtdylAuIcQ* 
w/andtbofcnotthcrnc parti. 


P?J:t.i.Sc(ft.;2. Dieta.Caufe, ) ^ Mem-b.i. SubCj^ 

pfcafcd. In chif/a the coranian people iiue in a niantier alfo^crlier on roots 7 1 
aadhcarbes5andtothe\vxalthielt5,Horre3Afle^ile, CattSrflcdi is *" ^xpedii^ia 

as ddightfomc as the reft, Co ^ Mat. Ricciu^ the lefiiite re]ace£,who luied ma- ^^'ItlltluT 
liv^yearcs am6n^\ thoin. TlicT ^y/^ri eate ravv meatc- andmoii commonly f^*h'!rum'& o- 
"Jtofc.fklli,di-ini<eniilkcandbloudas.thE Nom^mohold. lerim.apud^i- 

They feoflfe at our £«^o^24*/for caiin^brcad,vvhich they call topsof vve^cfs; **f^ w^r. 
and horfc meat, not fit for men. And yet W/j^^r accounts them a found & 
wkty nation ^huing an hundred yeares; euehinthe ciuileft country of them miiaaiidreien 
they doe thus, as Benedicl the lefuit obferued in hl^/trAvells from the great - 
Mogors Court by land to t>iquin^ which ii'/<rf/«^ contcndes to be the fame v}feZ'tE^m 
wicE Camhalu in Cata/aln Scandia their bread is vfually dryed fifh, & fo like- "^'^■^^ » ^M«*> 
wife in the 'i^hettandllc^- And their other farc^as inT/Z^W faith Dnhmarm fj^' ^f'r/"\ 
'Bleskenim^ Utter ^ Cheefe\^and Fifhi thdr dtinke rvater , their lodginq^ on buia omnia, 
thegroundlw America in many places their bread is roots, their meat Palmi- 
t0S,Pinas,Potatos,&c^nd fuch fruits. With fome^Fifli, Serpents, SpideiSj nraLi^/iiw'Af, 
and in diners places they Peate mans flefh raw, androfted,cuen the Empe- 
rour <! Metazuma himfeife. In (bmc coaftsaeaine, r one tree veelds them T ^^'^^''."'^^'f- 
Goquerniits, mcate and drinkejnrejtuelljapparel/, warn his leaueSjOylc^viiic- cu»temm:itUi' 
ger,couerforhoufcs,&c.andyet thefemen going naked, feeding courfe,^f^''J^j^^^ ^"'^ 
Hue commonly 100 yeares, arefcldomcorneuer fickcj all which diet o\\x^il'm^^'^lli^^ 
Phyfiiians fbrbid.In Wejlfhaling they feede moft-part on fute meats and '''"^'^'*'»'''«'"> 
wourts, knuckle deepe, and call it^ cerebrum louts: in the Low countries 
with roots,In //rfi^ Frogges and Snailcs arcvfed. The Turkes, faith Bmbe- eorum buiiro la ' 
qttiui^ delight moft in fried meats. \wMufcouy Garlicke and Onions,arc ordi- 
nary meat & faucejwhich would be pemitious to fuch as are vnaccuftomcd panuhabem,po 
vnto them, delightfome to others^and all is ' becaufe they haue bin brought tusaqua^aatfe- 
vp Vnto it.Husb'andmen and fuch as labour,can eat fat bacon,{aIt grofle meat^ '^mmdiZT^ 
bkrd cheek jSic/? dura m^jforum courfe bread at alltimes, goe tohcd muttiad anms 


and labour vpon a full ftomacke, which to-^fbme idle perfbns would be pre 
feat deatb,andisagainfttheruIesof Phyfickej fothat cuftome is all in all. lBen^!&Per, 
Our trauellers finde this by common experience when they come into farre conefin iib.nt- 
countries, and vfe their diet, they are fuddenly offended, as our Hoikn^rs^'^l^^^^^^^^^^^ 
and Eftglijh-men when they touch vpon the coafts of ^fricke^ thofc ifidtm ^6,paia<eitt(}arl 
and Iflands, are commonly molef^ed with Calentures, Fluxes, ^^^l^^^*^^^"/*"' 
much diftempered by reafon of their fruits. etfifuavix, folent J^*^^2!wT' 
vefcentibm ^erturbat tones mfignes adferre, ftrange meats though pleafant, t" iip(.Efi^. 
caufe notable alterations and diftempers. On the other fide vfe and cuftome 
mitieatesoi' makes all good againe.A//^/'r/^/<?; by often vfe, which P/iny 
\vondersat,wasable to drinke poyfon; & a maid as C;^r//W records fent to 
Alexander from King Porus^ was brought vp with poyfon from her infancy. CaT%hq%' 
The Turkes faith 'Bellonim lib.T^.cap- 1 5. eate Opium fimiliarly, a dramme ^\ EpejeSL^. 
at once which wee dare not take in graines.X Garcim ab Horto writes of one ^ ^r!^"-!^^ 
whom hefiw at Gen in the Eafl Indies, that tooke tenne drammes of Opium simplmkcap, 
in three daics; and yet Confulto /oquebatur, [pake vnderftandingly , fo much ^-^^-J^^^ 
can cufbmc doe. Theophraftm fpeakes of a Shephcard that could eate HeL ^apZ'^f^ai'^' 
tebor in fubflanee. And therefore Cardan concludes out oiGalen^confuetudi- md. 
nem vtcun^ferendam^ nifivalde malam ^Cuftome is howfoeuer to be kept, 


— ■ - .... T , -, ^ ^ — ^ . ■ ^ ej 

Parci.Sea.i. Caufesof Melancholy. Mcmbc2,rSubf4^[ 

except it be cxireaiYie bad: he aduifeth all men to Jcccpe their old ci]Qomcsi 
and therefore to' * continue as they began, be it dicfjbathaespicjirCj&cliQax 
whatfoeucr elfe. • 'r iX.Zc: 

Another exception is DcHght, or Appetite, to £ich and fuckmcat^r. 
tin dub'^s co«- Though they be hard o£dige{tion,.melaiicholy: yet as Fuchfiui excepts 
^qumrZdef. ^' ^^"^•2. Inftttjecl. 1 . ^ Theftomacke doth readtfy dige/i^ and rwUmgly enter. 
tm,&incx^t\i taine fitch meates wee hue mojl ^and are pleafiKg to vs ^ahhorres on the other 
perjeueret. n^^ r^^y diflaft. Which Hippocrates confirmes AphoriJ. (5. 5 8 . Some 
&p^e aj7«w«- cannot endure chcele, out oi a lecret Antipathy, ortolcearolted Ducke^ 
cibiyvemri- which to Others is a <^ dclightfome meat, . ; 

pl^m^xpcdi- '^^^ exception is necefifity, poiier ty,want^ hunger^ which driucs men 
tiufq^vowoquit, many times to doe that which othcrwife they arc loath, cannot endure, 
^ & qu^difpii- aujj thankeflilly to SiCctT^t of it; , As Beueragc in fbips, and in feiges of great 
iNothmga!^' Cittics, to feed on DoggSjCarts, Rats, andMen themfelues. Three out- 
gainft a good lawcs in ^ Hecior "Boethius being driiien to their fhifts, did eate raw fifh,and^ 
S^Tytv^ \& ^'^ ^"^^ io\fAt as they could catch, in one of the Hebrides for fbme fewer 
d Lib.7.h'$. ' months.Thefe things doe mitigate or difanuU that which hath beene laid of 
Scet. Meladcholy meats, and make it more tolerable: but to fuch as are wealthy, 
liue plenteoufly,at cafe, may take their choice, and refraine if they will, thelc; 
viandes arc to be forborne,if they bee inclined to^ or fufped melancholy, as. 
they tender their healths; Otherwife if they be intemperate, or difordcred in 
their dier,at their perill be it.^f monct amat^^ve ci^ cave, 

S V B S E C T. 4. 

Retention and Evacuaf/on a cau/e^andhoKV. 

F Retention and Evacuation, there be diuerfc kindest which are 
either concomitantjafflng, or fole caufes many times of melan- 
^^uTlxcer- ^^^5 ^ C^/f^reduceth defed and aboundancc to this head; o- 

rSulrmfab' ^^^^ thtx%^^ d that isfeparatedorremaines. In the firft ranke of thefe I 
0unt, miy well reckon vp Coftiuenefle, & keeping in of our ordinary excrements, 
^E^v^fe^' which as it often caufeth other difeafes, fo this ofmelancholy in particular. 
|<?/>rf,JJ, infLi- S Celfus 1/^. I .c^/'. 3. faith itproduceth mfkmmation of the headjulnejfe^ciour- 
wmoneu capl- dmejjejjeadache drc.Profper Calenm Itbje atra hile^ will haue it diftempec 
%mT^ntmi'^?^'^^^^ 9^%^^ ^'^'^^^'i^'^^^^^^^'^i^'^^ it M^hy troubling of it: And fomc- 
h excrmenta times it is a fole caufe of Madnelle , as you may read in thefirft bookeof* 
^%TioneZ"pt ^^^'^^^^ medicinal! obferuations. A young Merchant going to mrde* 
7m(bm. //^^Faire in Germany ^hx tendayes fpace neuer went to ftoolsiat his returnc 
icap.dtMei. he was kgrieuoufly melancholy, thinking that he was robbed, and would 
l^vu(eh2- notbeperfwadedbutthatallhismony was gone: His friends thought he 
nm agmfceret, had fome Phi/trum gmen him,hutCnelinM a Phyfitian being fent'for,found 
^r.'^^^V^'' h^s^ Coftiuenesaione to be the caufe, and thereupon gaue him a elite by 
et^acoHia, which he was fpeedilyrecoucrcd. Trincaveilius confult, i<,lib,\, faith as 
ivtr ^nodm much ofa melancholy Lawyer, to whomheadminiftredPhyficke,"and Ro. 

dericus a Fonfeca confult,% <^,Tomji. f of a patientofhis, that for 8 daies was 
habet &mi bound, and therefore melancholy affs^ed. Other Retentions and Evacuati- 
oas there arc, noc fimply nece{rary,but ac fometimesias Fernelim agcompts 


ParMivSedt.!. Retention and Euacuation caufes, Memb.i.Subf.4f 

i\\tm,PathJih.t,cap, i5,asrupprefIion of Herilrbds^ monthly ifTues in vvo- 73. 
men, bleeding ac nofe, immoderate_, no vfe at all oi remsior any other or- 
dinary iffiies- 

^ Detention ofhemrods, or moncthly ifliies, VtUinovaKus BrevUnliLi, 
cipA^.^rcniams cap, 1 6jn p,RaJis^r/ffor/m FAuentinm prxcf.mag.T raci, m Sive per xd^ 
2, capA$. Britcl^c, put for ordinary cauies. Fuchfim lih, 2.feci, 5. cap. 30. ^^^'J^^^ 
goes farther, and laith, that " many men vnfea/ombly cared of the hemrods, „ ualu mum* 
haueheene corrupted with ^ielancholy.feektngto avoUScyUa^thcy fall m-p^flf^e h*- 
to charyhdU. Galen lib, de hum, commen. 3. ad text. 26, iilurtratcs this by an ^"^^li'^^^daL 
example Lucius MartimyVjhom he cured of madneflCj contraded hyihis cMaconupd 
meanes: And ^' Skenkim hath two other iniknces of two Melancholy and 
mad women,fo caufed from the fuprellion of their months. The fame ^T\^y ^if^^M %(t. 
be faid of bleeding at the nofe, if it be fiiddainly ftopt^ and haue becne for- nk, 
merly vfed,as P Vthnovanm vrgeth; And 'I Fuchfm feci, 5. ^^^.33. 
lliffely maintaines, that vptthout great danger^ (uch an iffue may not be flayed, q iVo« jiaemag^ 

Fenm omitted^ produceth like c^cds.Adath/olus epfft. '^Jib.penult} avou^ m^rimodo 
cheth of hit knowledge^ that fame through ba^hfuUneJe abftainedfrom Vemry^ l^'^a/iiM^f-- 
and thereupon became very heavy and dud^ and fome others that were very mmt,No\^fan-' 
t morons^ melancholy^ and beyond all meafure fad. Ortbafim medxolk5i, lib. V*'^^,. ^^'^""'Jf* 

- r 1 rr c i r i i ■' r ii i ■ mjiediu. potest, 

0. cap, 37. ipeakes 01 loine, ^ that jfthey doe not vfe car nail copuLatton , are ^^^g^ qitgjdam 
Continually troubled rvith heauineffe and h'eadach-^and fome tn the fame cafe by F** pii^'»i ^ 'po- 
inter rrtij^ion of it. Not vfe of it hurts many, Arculantiscap, 6.in^,Rafis\ ^ ll'^rpifl^pfgrofl 
Oliagninus part.'^.cap,'^, thinke^becanfc it ^ fends vp poyfoned vapours to the facm\ mmuiios 
*Braine and Heart. And Co doth Galen himfelfe hold, that if this na turallfeede eti^rnekncho^ 
be ouerlong kept [tn fome parties) tt turnes to poyjonjiteronmus Mercurialts c^ummejios, ti. 
in his chapter of Melancholy, cites it for an efpeciallcaufeoi this malady, " 
PriapifmuSySatyriafis c^c.Hal/abbas ^.Theor. cap, 36. reckons vp this ^^^[o^aZ^iduf 
many other diksiits.Villanovanus Breviar,lib. i .cap. 1 8 .faith,he knew ^many capitu gravitate 
monks ^ andwiddowesgrieuoujly troubledwith melancholy ^andthat from this ^^•f^'^^"^)^^ 
fole cmfe, Lodovicus Mercatus lib, 2, de mulierum^affeSi xap, 4. & ^0 dericus q^ofdm trifles 
a Caftro de morbis multerilib, 2 , cap. 3 . treat largely of this fubicdl, and will & ''^ f'^^ss ex 
haiie it produce a peculiar kinde of melancholy , in ftale maides, nunnes,and ^^gl^'^^""^ 
widdowcs, ob fuppreponem me;7jlum venerem omiffam^timid^^ maft^^ tf^apom vene- 
an)(i^,verecuud<€,fu/pitiofeJanguenteSyC0nJilifinopes^cumf»mma vitdcjr re-"^^"^ 
rum meliorum defperatione ^(irc . they arc melancholy in the higheft degree, ■|!'^^^/^^^^'^ 
and all for want of husbands, t/Elianus M ontaltus cap,yi..de melanchoLcon- spcrmaplm dlu 
firmes as much out oC Galen: fo do th Wiermfhriflopherus a P'ega de art. me d, "^Hy^^^^f^^^^^ 
/i^.3.w/>;i 4:relates many fuch examples of men,&ywomcn;that he had fecne u Gravn pro- 
fomchncholy, Ftrlix Platter in the firft bookeofhis oblcruations, telsa ducitmporU ^ 
(lory o^an ancient Gentleman in Alf.it ia^that mirried a yong wife^ ^^'^'^^^u^m^ ^^^tx, 
not able to^ay hts debts in that kinde for a long time together^ by reafon cfhis (pematc (up; a 
feuer all infirmities: butfhe becaufe ojthis inhibition of Venus ^ fell into ^ ^jf^^ J/"'""' 
horrible fury^ and de fired euery one that came to fee hsr^ by words ^ lookes^ and viduas metan- 
geflures to haue to doe with her^i^r. ^ Bernardus Pat emus a Phyfician, faith, cb//coi f<epefie' 
hcVncw a goodhonejl godly Priefl ^ that becaufe he would neither ''^^^^^ghunchUaam^ 
ivaftifemimrpinutmri.'NoblUsfenexAlfatmyiuvenmtixcremdutit, atiUe calico doUre, & multis morbis coneptm.Kon 
fotuit pr<e(iarenfficiiimmt$yvix inito matrimmo xgroim Jtlainhotrendurnfiirtremincidii, ob Venerem cobibitam ut omniuat 
eminvifC' tiumy conorrifum^vocey vuUiLgiUu cxpcteTeii& qttum mneofifentirefitj mlofus An§ican«s expetiitmaino ckmortt 
a Vidi [accrdotem optimum & pirn, r^ni quod mHet vii ^emre, in mUficholica fytnptmtUa mc^lt, 

K marrj^ 

Part. i-Sed:. i. Caufes ofMelancho/j. Memb.z.SubC4; 

-^4 mmy^nor make zfe of the Steyves/ell intogrieu9US meUncholy fitsjiilde^e- 
im (^icelLihsi^ luch another example of an ItdUn melancholy Prieft, in a 
confultationhad A. i58o./<^/?P;'4/£'/?/>giiies inftance in a married man, 
that fro his wiues death abftaiiiing,^^y/fr marriage ^became e^cceeding meUn- 
b Ob aJo^mcn- ^holy^ RodcrtcHS A FonfccA in a young man fo miiafededj T ow, 2 sonfuU, 8 5^, 
^ITv^i^i^m- To chefe you may adde, if you pleafe, that conceited tale of a levp^ lo vifitcd 
lancholiam. in like fort, and fo cured, out olPoggtus Florentinus, 

Intemperate Venus is all out as bad in the other cxtreame, Gden. Uh, 6je 
morhis popular fe6i. 5 .?^r/. 2 ^.reckons vp melancholy amongft thofe difeafes 
< <^u<e n coitu which are^ exajferatedby Venery.Co doth Avhennd.i.-^.cap. i i.Oribafiusloc, 
e^erbaHtur. cttat.Fkinus libjiMfAnttate tuenda^ Marfilins Cognatus, Mofitaltuscap^ij, 
d Supcrfluim Qfffa»er/us Tra^.-^.cap,2, C^lagmms cap. ^. fart, y. <^ giues the reafon, be- 
pZntT*^'^"' cau fe e // infrigidntes ancl dryes vp the body, con fumes the Jpirits-^ and voould 
c Ex(icm cor- therefor haue allfiuh as are cold and dry^ to take heed of and to avotde it as a 

fu^i^&ccTve^'^'^^^^^^^'^y'^^'^^^^^^ ^5* afcribes the fame caufe, and in- 

mab hMfiui, ftancerh in a Patient of his, that married a young wife in a hot fummcr, ^ and 
vtiut himko Jq ^^yg^ himfelfe with chamber-TVorke, that he became tn fhort fpace from me* 
Titf'sficcattu lancholy^mad'ht cured him by moiftning remedies. The like example I finde 
ut emeiancho- [v\L<elius ^Fonte Eugub'mus fi?;y^^/f.i2^.ofa Gentleman of renice,that\pon 
iico (iatim fue- ^^^^ ^^^^ occafion , was firlt melancholy, afterwards mad: Read in him the 

rityiijoiiftij ao * ' 

hu naamibm ftory at large. 

curms. p^y Other Evacuation flopped , will caufe it , as well as thefe aboue na- 

g Ex cmerh medjbe it bile, g vlcer, {{^wzjkcHercules de Saxonia lib, i,cap. 1 6, & Gordoni- 
&vicereexftc- ^^j-^ verifie this out oftheir experience. They faw one wounded in the head, 
who a s long as the fore was opcn^lucida habuit mentis intervalUi was well: 
butwhenitwasftopped^r^-^^/OT^W^i^/J^rf, hfs melancholy fit feazedon 
him againc. 

Artificiall Evacuations arc much like in cffe(51:, as hot houfcs, bathes: 
hGordcap. 10. blood-letting, purging, vnfeafonably and immoderately ffed. ^ Bathes dry 
lib. I. diicora- [qo much , if vfed in excefle, bee they naturall or artificiall, and offend ex- 
b!«hs noxi' trcame hot,or cold; one dries, the other refrigerates ouer much. Mont anus 
ous. confiL 1 37.faith,they ouerheat the LincrJoh.StruthiuSjStigmat: artis^ lib,^, 

dunuo^ «/* ^^/'•^•contends, ' that if one flay longer then ordiuxry at the Bathe ^ goe in too 
k Si qmlangius oftjOr at vnfeafonable times, he putrtjies the humors in his body. To this pur- 
nwmurxnm, pofe v/ritcs UHagn'tnus lib.'3^,cap.y.GuianeriusTra&,i'^,cap. 21. vtterly dif- 
'"quenw^an'm^ allowes all hot baths in melancholy adufi.VySivf'faith hej* man that laboured^ 
forme titatur, ofthe gout^who to be freedofhis malady ^came to the 'Bathe, and was inBant- 
humrei putre- ^ ^^^^^ ^y^^ difeofe, but got another rvor[e, and that was Madnejfc^, But 
lEgoamofiipe- this iudgement varies as the humor doth, in bote or colde : Baths may be 
riore, queudam good for onc Melancholy man, bad for another: that which will cure it in 

liberareturde phlebotomyyVnanytimcsncgkacQy may doe much harme to the body, 
Kctfftf&de'^ ^^^'■^ ^ manifcft redundance of bad humors,and melancholy blood; 
pttaiiberaLy ^^nd whcn thefe humors heate and boyle, if this be not vfed in time, the par** 
mamcmfaOm ties affeded,fb inflamed, are in great danger to be mad; but if it be vnadvi- 
fccbotothy ^*^^'y » ""nportunely, immoderately vfed, it doth as much harme by refrige- 
m On schoia rating the body,dulling the fpirits, and confuming them: as JohiCurio in his 
sdernitana, ^^^p^ reprehends, fuch kinde of letting blood dodi more hurt then 


Part.i.i'edt.i. BadJirea caufe, Memb.2..StibC5, 

good:" the htmors rage much more then they diet before, nnd is fo farre from 7 5 
Avoiding melancholy, that it wcreafeth tt^ andweakneth the fight, ° Proffer 
Caknus obferucsas much of all Phlebotomy ,except they keepe a very good 
diet after it: Yea and as P Leonartu^ Ucchinus /peakes out ofhis owoc expe- 
iiewcQj^the blood is much blacker to many men after their lettina of blood, n Calefaab& 
then it was at fir ft. For this caufe belike Salufi, Salvinianus lib, \ ,cap' i . will fbuiimo per ve- 
admit or heare of no blood-lettine at all in this Difeafe.exccpt it be manifeii '""^ ''''"hff"y, 
it procecde from bI©od:he wasf it appeares/'by his ovvne words in that pl^ce, tatur &a»ge' 
Matter of an Hofpitall of mad men, ^ and fonnd by long e^i perience^ that this ^'^^^^^ 
ki»decf evacuation either in head^ arme^ or any other part didmoreharme^l^^^^^f^^^^, 
then goo d^o this opinion of his ^FeltxP later is quite oppofire, though fame curmnt, 
winke at^difillorv and quite contradiCl all Phlebotomy in Melancholy, jet by l^f'^fif^^/^J 
long experience I haue found innumerable fo faued, after they hadbeene 20 nay Ua.Fiequtm 
60 times let blood, an^ to Hue happily after it. It was an ordinary thing ""i/wj 
old in Galens time , to take atoncejromfuch men 6. pound of bloody which ^at^^ ^^^^'w*- 
novpvoedare fcarce take tn ounces^ fed viderint rnedici^ great bookesarep^^p.'RfctfA 
written of this fubicd. tit&viZr 

Purging vpward and downewad, in abundance of bad humors omirtedj dektuac. 
may be for theworff^folikevvifeas in the precedent, ifouer-much, toofrg-^ Muitnmgn-' 
quent, or violent, it ^ weakeneth their ftrength, faith Fuchfita lib, 2, fe6i. 2. g«f ^^fXf 
r^^.ij. orifthey bertiongorable to endure Phyfick, yet it brings quondam, Am 
to an ill habit, they make their bodies no better then Apothecaries ^ops,["^^''.j''^""2'f 
this, and fuch like infirmities murt needcs follow. c^ia ti de%kT 

lia docent (eca- 

dm effe venm fmtis, quiafphiiui debillttttm inde,& egolongaexperlentia obf(*uauim pfoprio Xenodocbh, quod dejiptentet 
ex Thlebotomlx mam i<eduntur,& m-igis dedfium, & met 3 ncholiei [lepe fiunt inde pe'ures. j De mem$ alienat cap.^ . etfi mulm 
hcimprobaffe^iiamiinmmtiO'ih.'iC tatiQne [anamlongaobferuatme (C|»o«>,^«i veiefmSifexagmvtncu inndendu^t. iVim 

S V B S E c, 5* 

Bad Lyfire a caufe of CM elancholy. 

Ire is a caufe of great moment , in producing this, or any other ^jf^^f^'^-^Jf* 
Difeafe, being that it is ftill taken into our bodies by refpiration, hifeaocoule * 
and our more inner parts. ^ if it be impure and foggy ^ it deiecis the tfimtmorboi* 
' fpirits^and caufethpifeafes by infe^ton of the heart. pi^Vaulus hath ^e^at^&h^. 
\llib.i.cap.t\9,Avicenna lib,\,Gal,dt fanJuencla,Mercurialis., Montaltus ^c, momP.i.c.i^, 
" Ferneltus faith a thicke aire thtckneth the blood and humors. ^ Lemnius ^ ^^^^^f^^^* ^* 
reckons vp two maine things mof^ profitabIe,and moft pcrnitioiis to our J. kvatrr" 
bodics5Airc,and Diet: and this peculiar Dileafc,nothing fooner caufeth(^y/<?- ambimccm- 
hertm holds) then the Aire wherein wee breath and liuef Such as is the Aire, ^'""^ 
inch be our fpints:& as our lpirics,lucnare our numors.lt oncndscommonly t ^uaiis aer, 
ifit be too ^ hot& dry,or too cold &dry ,thickCjfuliginous,cIoudy,bluilering, (p'ritui:& 
or a tempefluous /Kkc.Bodine in his 5 booke de repub^cap. i and 5. of his me- IZ^Zmrfs!!^'' 
thod ofhiftory,proues that hot Countries are moft troubled with melan-2: JEiianm 
choly, and that there are therefore in Spaine^Africke^ and Afia minor ^ great ^[""'^/j^/"^- 
numbers of mad men, in fo much that they are compelled in all Citties of fucm^ fiigi^^ 
note to build peculiar hofbitals for them: Leo^ Aferlib.-i, deFeffavrbe ^ fi<:<:tts, paitt^ 

\ a MHliahk in Xemdoebiis fanatmum mimfi;fflriilijlime catmata fervatitgr 

K z Ortelim 

Part. LScd-i. CaufesofMancbolj. lAcmh.t.S\xhCy 

7<5 OrteltHs and Zu'mger^ confirme as much.-they arc ordinary (b cholcrickc in 
their fpceches,that fcarce two words palle without railing or chiding, in co- 
fa i4b,*fied.par. mon talkc, and often quarreling in their fbeetes. ^ Gordonius will haue euery 

" ' • notice of it .-Note this([axih he) that in hot countries it is far re more 

toMs regmi fi^^^^^^^^^^^^cold. Although this wchauc nowfaid bee not continually 
bas^frequmter fb, for as '^AcoHd. truely faith, vnder the i^lquator it felfc, is a moft temperate 
iafj^idi^aZm h^^^ationjWholfome aire, a Paradife of pleafure : the leaues euer greene, 
tarde. c Lib.z. cooling (howrcs.But it holds in fuch as arc intemperately hotj^s^Iohannes i 
d Hodopcrican Afe^en^^und in Cyprus , others in Jl^aIta,Jpu/ia^an(i the "^Hofy /and^wherc 
*^Apuiia cefii. fomc fcafons of the yeare is nothing but duft, their riuers dryed vp", the aire 
t/offlfcrcOTJxi fcorchfnghotjand Earth inflamedj info much, that many Pilgrims going 
utamfi^m ^^i^e foot, for Devotion fake, from to lerufdem vponthe hot fands, 
Mai) peneex' often run mad- or elfe quite ouerwhchned with fande, profundis arenis , a? 
4^ pi* in many parts of Jfricke,L^rdia Deferta^Bac^rianajUOw charaj/an, when 
jMaginus Perf. weft windc biowcs t involttti arenis trtnfeuntes necantur.^ Hercules de 
c Pamheoreu Saxoniaa Profeflbr in Fenice^ giuesthis caufe^why fo many VenetiAn 
7.cfp. ^6.U'L ^^'^ melancholy, quoddiuju^fokdegant, they tarry too long in the 

tx muUer 'es,quie Sunnc.Afontdnus co»/il, 2 i.aiT\ong{\ other caufesaflfignes this jwhy that few 
diu Cub (nk vt- his Patient was rndL^^quod tarn mult urn expofmtfe calori &frigori^ he expo- 
'mzimSkxL himlelfefo much to heat and cold. And for that rcafon in Fenice^ there is 
vadunt. little (lin ing in thofe brick paved ftreetes in Summer about noone, they are 
moft part then a fleepe: As they are likcwife in the great Mogors Countries, 
f m-mi. lib.i. and all ouer the EaJ Indies, At Aden in Arabia^ as ^^Ledovicm Vertomannus 
mm£i^Z7 relates in his traucis, they keepe their markets in the night, to avoide extre- 
}ecmda,ob ni, mity of hcat;and in Ormus^ like cattle in a Pafture,peopIe of all forts lye vp 

"Z'kalrlt^. ^" ^^^^^ ^''^.^^ ^" Portugalli Burgos in Cajiile', 

fins exercent. ' in S fciljf;a.\\ ouer Spaine and Italjf^theiv flreets arc moft part narrow, 

to avoide the funnc beames.TheT ttrkes weave greatTurbants adfugandos fo- 
lis radios^ to refraift the Sunne beames;& much inconvenience, that hot aire 
of "Bant Am in lauA, yeelds to our men, that foiourne there for trafick: where 
g Mo>^bo Gain, it is fo hot,g that they that are ficke of the Poxjye commonly bleaching in the 
nponZTlT Sunne ^to dry vp their foresSwhacox-n^hintlne^d ofthofe Ifles of Cape 
/j/ew.Ty/OToriwFi?/'^*? 14. degrees from the tMq^uator^ they doe male audire: f one calls 
'$'km ^^^"^ vnheakhieft Clime of the World, for fluxes,feauers, frenzies, Ca- 
mu\^m in his lentures, which commonly fcaze on Sea-faring men that touch at them ,and 
obTeruations , all by Teafon of an hot diftemperature of the Aire. The hardicfl men are of- 
• '3- fended with this heat, and ftiHcft Clownes cannot refift it , as Conjlantine 
h Hmocrate, affirmcs agricult //^. 2.^4/^,4 5 .They that are naturally borne in fuch Aire may 
3.4^mr«ff?«"°^^"^"^^"'^^^^i?'^^^^^^rdsoffomepartsof Mefapotamia now called 
idem ait. Diarhecha: quibuTdam in locis fmienti aftui adeo fubie£ia eft^vt plera£ ani- 
VdcmMagms ^aliaferuorefolis & ceeli extinguantur^ 'tis fo hot there in fome places, that 
t T>e[cnp, Ter. men ofthc Country and cattle ate killed with itjand \Adricomius of Arabia 
^^""^umadCoif^-^^^'^^ andhotfpices there growing, the 

radioi in leone 

aire is fo noxious to their braincs,that the very inhabitants at fome times can 
im?m wow/w non abide it, much lefTe weaklings and ftrangers.y^W4^«j Lujitanmcent !• 
p£&"^ei'/*''f •4^- reportsof a youig maide,that was ontrincent a Curriers daugh- 
dereu'mmmi- ter, fomc 13 vcarcs of age, that would wafh her haire in the heat of the day 
mmdit, (m Iuly)aiid lo lec it dry in the funne to make it yel/ojv, but by thatmeanes 


Parc.i.Sed.2. Jireacaufi, Memb.i.Subf.j • 

tur Tying to long in the heatjfhe /njlamed her head^ and made her felfe mad. ^ 7 

Cold Aire in the other extreame , is almoft as bad as hoce , aiid fo doth 
Montaltm efteeme of it w/'.i ijfitbe dry withalJ. In thofc Northerne Coun- 
tries,the people are therefore generally dull, heavie, & many vvitchcs,vvhich 
^as 1 haiie before o^otz^Snxo GrAmmaticm^OUm^BapttUaVortA afcribe to 
melancholy. But thefe cold Climes are more fiibied to naturall melancholy 
(not this artificial!) which is cold and dry: For which caufe ^ Mercunm Br/- k MmdMaUet 
tannicud hdikc , puts melancholy men to inhabit iuftvndcr the Pole, The A« 
worft of tlie three is a ^ thicke,cloudy,mifty^ ^^ggy Ayre,or fuch as comes fro i^olntt^'^^'^ 
fcnnes^moorill-) grounds, lakes^muckhils, draughts, finkes, where any^ filthy \crafm&m» 
carcafics or carrion lies, or from whence any ftinking fulfome finell comes; 
Gttleny '.^vicennn, Mermridis^xWsM and old Phy fitians,hold that fuch Aire is rmmT 
vnwhol{bme,and ingenders melancholy, plagues,and what not ? Alexan- mCommon/y 
dretA an haucn towne in the Mediterranean Sea. is much condemned lor a ^^^^^^ SeW«- 
bad ayre,io is Durazzo m AlhaniayLttuanta,Ditmar]hj Pompt!n£ f dudes in manr. 
Italy territories about Ptfa,Ferrara,^c,Rumny marfh with vs ; the Hun- 
dreths iii EJfex^xht Fennes in Lincolne^ire, Gardan de rerum var 'tetate , lib, 
I7.r^/>.96.findcs fault with the fite of thofe rich, and moft populous Cittics 
in the Lo\\j-Qo\.mxks^:\sBrugeSyGant^Amfterdam^Leyden^f^tre^,^c, the 
Aire is bad; and fb at Stockholme in Sweden-^ Regmm in Italy , Salisbury with 
vSyHuUandLinne: They may bee commodious for navigation, this new 
kinde ot tbrtificaiion,and many other good necefiary vfes ; but are they fo 
wholfome? Old Rome hath defcended from the hills,to theValley,'tis the fite 
of moft ofour new Citties,and held belHo build in plaines , to take the op- 
portunity of Riusrs. Z,(r<iW(fr ^/^^-r/^ pleads hard for the Aire and fite of 
Fenice.thcu^h the blacke moorifti fands appeare at every low water^ the fea, 
Fire,and Smoake(as he tbinkes)qualifie the Aire; and " feme fuppofe , that a " ^^'f^ ^'<'' 
thicke foggy Aire helps the memory,as in them of Fifa in Italy ; & our Cam- ^om^im 
den out ofP/4/o,commends the fite of Cambridge ^ becaufe it is fb neere the Ptfavi , quod 
Fennes. But let the fite of fuch places be as it may, how can they be excufed J^^-^^J^J 
that haue a delicious feat,a plcafant aire,and all that nature can afford, and oub.i'Hift. 
yet through their owne naftinelle and fluttifhnef[c,immund,and fordid man- i-ib.z.cap.^i. 
ner oflife,fufFer their ay re to putrifie,and themfelues to be choaked vp Ma- "^^^inoflyUtvU 
ny Citties in T urkie doe mah audire in this kinde : Conftantinople it felfe, « homlnei exi* 
where commonly carrion lies in the fireet.Some find the fame fault inSpaine &Cubm' 
euen in Madrit the Kings feat,a moff excellent ayre,a pleafant fitejbut the in« ^ante ^uhfJano 
habitants are flouens,and the fireets vncleanly kept. &.zepbyTo,ma-' 
A trouMcfome tcmpeftuous ayre is as bad as impure , rough and foulc h^^oZmma-. 
weather, impetuous windes , cloudy darke daies", as it is commonly with vs, lacritaiexiftk, 
coclum vifu fddum^^ Polidore calls it,a filthy sky, in qu0 facile genermtur ^^^'^ 
nubes: as T uU/es brother Qji/nitiswiot to him in Rome ^tin^ then .^^ftor^Q,i[nt!re^nitef' 
in Brittaine. In a thicke and cloudy ayref'faith Lemnitis)menaretetrick.fad^ cjt.Max'made' 
and pee%>i^: and if the wejlerne voindes blovoe-^ and thut there be a calme , or a '^^^'J^^urast 
/aire finjhine day^there is a kinde of alacrity in mens r^inds , // cheares vp iigme^a eft, 
men andbeafls: but if it be a turbulent /ough^cloudy^formy voeather , men are P ^^'"l* 
fadjumpi^^and. much dete^led^angry^roafpi'^^du^^and melancholy. This was 
P ^/r^//> experiment of old: 

K 3 rer 

Parui.Sed.i, Caujes of Melancholy. Memb.i.SubCdT. 

78 Verumvbi tempejl^s^cjrcoplimohflishumorj 

Mtitiivere vices lupter humtdm u[iro^ . 
Vertuntttr [pedes Amniorum^& peciore motm 

Concipinnt dios 

But when the face ofheauen changed is 
To tempefls/ainc, from (eafon faire: 
Our mindcs are altered,and in our breads. 
Forthwith Ibme new conceipts appcare. 
And who is not w^cather- wife againft (uch and fuch coniundlions ofPlanets, 
(J nw: mpucd in foule vvcacher^dull and heauy in fuch tempefluous feafonspq GelM 
r ^u,i% quibus co/ffnftaf AquAviu^ annum: the tin^e requires , and the Autumne breeds it ; 
^citfl^endJ!'tHr ^^"^^^^ ^"^^^ ^nto it,vgIy,fouIe,fquaIid,the Aire workes on all men , more or 
&muUi infant IcfTe, butcfpecially on fuch as are melancholy ^or inclined to it , as Lmnim 
ajudBeigoi an- holds.r they are moft moued vptth it, and thofe which are already maA , raue^ 
feviim aiher ^owne r/ght 5 either m , or agatnfi a tempe(t. Bejides the dtveU many times 
epikti. ^i/i^itM takes his opportunity of fuch (iormesjandwhen the humours Jpy the ^irehec 
Sgmut- f ^^^^^Jhcgoes in with them^exagitates ourfpirits,and vexeth our Soules : as 
qmndn (e tern- the fea wiuesfo are the fpirits and humours in our bodies^ toffed with tempe- 
ifjj'l"^^ l^^^f-fi^^^^i^^^ ^^^ftormes. To (uch as ave melancholy therefore, Mont anus 
hHmmx\e la- * f^^y^V'.24.willhaue tcmpcftuous and rough Aire to be avoided ; and confil, 
tenter, bftnw ijAl night aire,and would not haue them to walke abroad,but in a pleafanc 
Mt^exalitlnt ^'^y* ^^^"^^ //^.3.f 4/>.3.difcommends the South & Eafterne windes ^com- 
& vt fitt£ius ' mends the North. tJMontanus conjil,-^ i. ^ will not any windowes to be opened 
mAmi^humx- the night. ConJil,i2g'^ confiL 230. he difcommends efpecially the South 
ti^^ii^'*^^^^^^' wi^^ Sodot\i^Plutarehy The night anddarkncfic 

i Ae-f noau makes men fad,the like doe all fubterraneaavaults^darke houfes in caues and 
fitSii^m''' ^^P'^l^Sjdefart places caufe melancholy in an inftant^cfpecially fiich as haue not 
t LtUe I fide' beene vfed to it,or othcrwifc accuftomcd. Read more of aire in Hippocrates, 
&o/jfride. tt^tius //b,7,.a capit.ijj,ad ly^^Or/baJirfs acap,i,ad 22,^vicen//b.i, can, 
Fen,2.d'Jc,2,Fen.i,cap,i2^,to the 12 &c, 

S V B S E G. 6, 

Immoderate Exercife a caufc^y and how. 

Othing fo good, but it may be abufed : nothing better then Exer- 
uMu'tidcfaii- ^1^1 ci(c/if Opportunely vfcdj for the ptcfervation of the Body ; no- 

vltam^fuh' I ""^^"S ^ bad,if it be vafcafonable^violent, or overmuch. Ferneltus 

lamiamnchau-^Z out of GAlen^PathJib.i.capA6'Sm\ " that much exercifeandwea- 

rit , e> eofpus rineffe^confwnes the faints and fubHance .^refrigerates the body ; and fuch hu- 
^moi^scmUftK ^^^^ ^^^^^ Nature would haue otherwife conco^ed^ expi lled^it fiirres vp^ 
quiaiiter d na- andmakes them rage : which being fo inr age d^diverflte affe5l^ and trouble the 
turaconcoqHi& i^Q^y minde . So doth it, if it be vnfeafonably vfed,vpon a full.ftomacke or 
^{mlmhhn- '^vhcn the body is full of crudities, which Fuch^\m fo much inveighe§ againft, 
deexc'iid'hiYH- lib. i.inHit fec,2.cap.^.^mn^ that for a caufe^why fchoolc boycs in Germany 
ft'o^Jagi''^^^^^'^ often fcabbedjbecaufe they vfcexercife prefcntly after meates. ^ Baycrm 


Parti.Sed.l, ]dlmj[e aCaufe, Memb.z. Subfer^ 

puts in a caveat again i\ fuch exercifejbecaufe y corrupts the meat in the Jio- 
macke^and carries the fameiuyce rarv^ and as yet vndigefled , into the veines 
(faith Lemnim )ivhich there putrijiesyand confounds theamma^fpirits, Crato 
confU.Mdib,!. ^ exclaimes againft all fuch exercife aftermeat, asbeingthe 
greatert enemic to concodlion that may be , and caufe of corruption ot hii- ^Mn. adt'iL 
mors,\vhich produce this,and many other difeafes . Not without good rea- ^^^^f 'J^^'^^J*- 
f()n then^doth Salufl.Sahianm Uh.i.ca.i, and Leonartw lacchinus in ^,Rha- venatr(!pk,qui 
p. Mercurialu^Arculanmj^nd many other j(et do wnc ^ immoderate cxercife, pmrtfcemes u- 
as a moft forcible caufe ot melancholy. mJ^^'IH^I^^i 
O ppofite to Exercife is IdleneiIe,or want of Excrcife , the bane of body z cmi^i b*c hi 
and irjindc^the nurfe of naughtincifc, ftepmother ot dilcipline, the chiefe au- copa^n 
tUor of all rtiifchiefe^one of the feaven deadly fins,& a fole caufe of this and ur^ltTm'rbi 
many other maladies,the Divels cufhion,as ^ Gualter cals it, his pillow, and muUifikes. 
chiefe repofall . For the minde can never refljhut Jiill meditates on one thing ^ ^"^'""^'^"'^ 

or other ^except it be occupied about fome honefl bufineffe^ of hii orvne accord it bHm.luin x. 
rufheth into melancholy, c too much and violent exercife sffdnds on the cor,6.Namqki'i 
one fide , (odoth an idle life on the other ( faith Craio) it fils the body fuU of^l^^^^^y^^l^'ll 
fleame.groffe humor Sy and all manner of obFiruclions, rhumes^ catarres^ (jrc. f'offit,(e(lcontU 
* Rhafis com, lib. i ,tra6i. 9. ciccoums of it as the greaicft caufe ofMelanchoiy : ^ I "j'^^"'"-^''"* 
haue often feene /'faith he) that idlenejfe begets this humour more then any cHicunaiinifi 
thing el(e. Montaltm capA, feconds him out of his experience, they that are ^^oneflo (^liquo 
idle arefarre more fubieci to melancholy^ then fuch as are conuerfant or em- MeUn- 
ployed about any office or buftnejfe, ^ Plutarch reckons vp Idleneffe for a fole choilm Jponte 
cailfe of the ficknefle of the Soulc: T here are they (faith hc)troubled in mind^ flfjiTclrcii 
that haue no other caufe but this. Homer, Iliad, i. brings in eating ii. r/iwwo' 

of his owne heart in his Idleneffe , becaufe he might not fight. Mer cur talis dicaco-.pristX' 
confil,%6, for a melancholy young man vrgeth § it as a chiefe caufe; why was '^^,^2«rL 
he melancholy? becaufe idle. Nothing begets it foonet.encreafeth and con- maderti!& 
tiniieth itoftner then idlcnefle. Adifeafefamiliar toallidle perfons,anin- ouofa-.otium,a- 
feparablc companion to luch as hue at eaie , ptngui octo dejidiose agentes^ 'icddu'vifcerm 
a life out of adion^ and haue no calling or ordinary imployment to huCicobftfHcimes,& 
themfclues about, thar haue final! occafions* and though they haue, ^^^^^^^'^^^fs'^^^^^'g^ 
their lafineficjdulnefle; they will not compofe themfelues to doe it, though comtat. 
it be neceflary,eafie, as to drefle themfelues^write a letter or the like. Efpcci- ^ ^'^^^ 
ally if they haue beene formerly brought vp to bufincffe, ortokeepc much \ji^Aiitjr,erct ^ 
company, and vpon a fudden come to Icadc a fcdentary life, ii crucifies their Mdaricbeiim, 
loules,and fcazeth on them in an inftant, for whilft they are aniewaics im. ^ouofiias.^ ^ 
ploycdjin adion,difcourfe3about any bufineffe, fport, or recreation to their ti»m lb aim 
likingjthey are very well, but if aJone,or idle,tormented inftantly againe,one eaufa&hec d 
dayesiblitarinefle, one howresfometimes, doth them more harmc, then ^"t^loiluk 
wcekes labour and company can doe good. Melancholy feazeth on them mio magkob- 
forthwith being alone, and is fiich a torture, that as wife Seneca well faith, ^"T^ioh qiiipu^ 
malo m 'thi mate quam moUiter effe^ I had rather be ficke then idle. This Idle- Zm ei'^^i 
nefic is either of body or minde. That ot body is ncyhing but a kinde of be- ^liq^o ^nmm 
iiummitig lazinefle, intermitting Excercife, which if wee niay belceue ^ Fer- f^^^j^^ '^ *^*^ 

iDe traxquM mmie. Suntqunslpfumotimin ammieoniicit ^gritudinein. ^T^ihil eft quod neque MeLmchdim abt ai 
Aitgfat, ac mum & ahflinent; a a coYVcfii & anm exereitatifnibui. h Nib$t magu euteciit intdkBumy'juam otlml Gofdoniui 
tleobfervat.v'n.hu>n.lib.i. i Pathjih.i.cjp.n-^xercteationis intermiffto, PurtemcMarm,langMdosfpiruuSf&ignavos^iid 
omm itiTtDneiyfegniores reddit;ctuditaui, 9bJlru^io?ie5y& excrementomm provenm fac'tt, 


Part.i.Sca.i. CaufesofMelancbo/^. Memb.^-Subf^. 

78 neliusx cmfeth crudities^ obftru&iom^ excremen tall humors^ quencheththe 
naturall heatj dulls the Jp/rits^ and makes them unapt to doe anj thing what" 
\i Eor.Ser, i.foeuer, ^NegleBisvrendafilixinnafcituragri^y 
Sat.i, ^5 Ferne growes in vntill'd grounds,and all irianner of weed s, fo doe groflc 
humors in an idle body, Ignavum corrumpunt at fa corpus, A horfe in a flable 
thacneuertraucll$3 a hawke in a mew that feldome flies, are both fubied: to 
difeafesjwhich left Vnto themfeliies ere moft free from any fuch incumbran- 
ces. An idle dogge will be mangie, and how fhall an idle perfbn thinks to 
efcape? Idlencfle of the minde is much worfe then this of the body; witte 
I $mc<i without imploylnent is a difeale, ^ <JE^rugo animi^ ruhtgo ingenif. the ruft of 
m M<erorem thc Soule,"™ a plague, a heli it k\(Q,maximum animi noctmentumyG alen cals 
'wutarch ^^'^ ^ flandtng poole^ormes and filthy creepers increafe/ dr vit 'mm ca- 
cails'it . pmnt m moueantur aqu^^ the water itfelfe putrifies J Jo doe eu/ll and corrupt 
nsicut'mftagno thoughts jn anidle perf)n^\\z Soule iscontaminated.In a Commonwealth, 
^m!}^^ oihfa^^^ there is likely ciuillwarres^and they rage vpon 

theinfelues: this body of ours when it is idle, and know^s not how to beftdw 
ne:. Sema. jj- fclfe,macerates and vexeth it felfe with cares^ griefes, falfe-feares,difcon, 
tcnfs, and fulpitions, it tortures and preycs vpon his owne bowels^Sd is nc- 
ucr at reft* Thus much I dare boldly lay, he or flice that is idle , be they of 
whatconditition they will, neuer fb.rich,lo well allied, fortunate, happy, kt 
them haue all things in abundance, and felicity that heart can wifli & delire: 
all contentment, fo long as he or fhe'e, or they are idle, they fhall ncuer be 
y plea fed, neuer well in body and mipde, but weary fliil, vexed ftill, loathing 

ftill,&c. And this is the true caufe that fo many great mcn,Ladie5 ai id gentle* 
women, labour of this difeafe in country and citty, they feede liberally, fare 
le^gTjJthit well, want exerci(e,adion, employment, and company to their defires, 
ame^novfibelr and thcnce their bodies becomcfulfef grofle humors, windc,,crudities, their 
headjhearti&c. rnindcs difquieted,dul, heauy,&c.care, ieloufie, feare of fomedifeafes, feafe 
to familiarly on themjfor what will not feare and phantafie worke in an idle 
i Ex»d.s. ■ body f what diftempets will they notcaufePwhen the children of t //rae/mnr- 
mured againfl Pharoh in ^/S.gjpt he commanded his officers to dubble their 
taske,and let them get f^raw themfclues , and yet make their full number of 
bricke,for the fblc caufe why they mutinie, and arc euell at eafe, i,? they are 
/^/<f. When you fhall hearc & fee fo many melancholy difcontented perfbns> 
in all places where you come, fo many feuerall greeuances,vnneceflary com- 
«j(Forf&g>a». plaintes,fufpitionstthe beftmeanes to redreflc it, is too fet them a worke 
^ITafleth ^"^^ ^^^^^ minds, for the truth is,thcy arc idle. Well they may build 

7hem!nri>bat caftles in the ayre for a time, and foothvp thcmfelues with phantafticall, & 
theymuUhaue pleafant humors, but in the end they will proue as bitter as gall they fhall 
tnmbe^ ^ ^i^content, fufpitious,P fcarefull, ielous, fad, fretting 'and vexing 

tnyhuibani my of themfeluesrfo long as they be idle, it is vnpofTible to pleafe them.O//o qu 
f,nne.&c. ne^itvti,p/us halpet aegotij.quam quf negotfum fn negot/o-.as that 4 Afrellius 
ImdenL ti^ c^"^^ obferue; He that knows not how to fpend his time,hath more bufines, 
mor . care, griefe,anguifh of nynde, then he that is moft bufic in the midft of all his 
Heuimtimo- bufine{Ie.O//^J animus nefiit quid volet. An idle perfon (as he followcs it) 
p'^jj.^.jo.knowes not when he is well,what he would haue,or whether he would goe, 
^vbttm pro* quumilluc ventum eft^illinc lubet}\z is tired out with euery thing, difpleafed 
'"S- withallj weary of of his life; nec bene domi, nec militi<z^ ncichcr at home3 "^r 


Parci^vS^ed.!. Idlencffea caufe, Metuka.Subfjj- 

abroad, erraty c!r prater vitam vmitur^ht wan dcrs, and lines befides him- 7^ 
feife. In a wordjWhat the mifchieuous effeds of Lazineflq and Idlenclle are, 
I doe not findc anywhere more accurately exprefled^ then in thefe Verfes 
oiPhtloUches in the t Comicall Poet, which for their elegancy I will in t ^'^^^^'^i ^foh 

Nouarum ^dmm ejfe Athttror fimilem ego hominem^ 
' Qjta^do hie mtus efi\ ei ret argumsnta, dicam, 

^JB^des quando funt ad amu ptm expo lit 

QuiJO^ Uudat fahrum,at^ exemplum expet'tt.c^c, 

^ t vhi ills migrat necjUAm homo indiltgenf^^i^c, 

T empejias venit^ confrmgtt tegulas,imbricef^^ 

Putrefacit aer operam fdri^drc 

Di cam 'vt horn hies ftmtles eJfe adium arbitremini, 

Fabriparentes fundiMentttmJubfiruunt liber or ffm^ 

'Expolmnt^docent Uteras^ nec parcmt fumptui^ 

Ego autemfub fabrorumpotejlate frugifui^ 

Poflquam autem migrmi in ingentum mentn^ 

Perdidi operam fabr or um illtco ^oppido^ 

Vemt igmuia,ea mih't tempeHasfuity 

\^duentu^ fuo grmdinem ^ imbrem attuUty 

/Ha mihi vtrtutem deturbauit^ C^f . 
A youg man is like a faire new houle, the Carpenter leaues it well built, in 
good repairc, of folid fluffc- but a bad tenant lets it raine in, and for want of 
reparation fall to decay,&c.Our Parents, Tutors, Friends, fpare no coft to 
bring vs vp in our y oudi, in all manner ofvertuous education^but when wee 
arclefc to GUI- felues , Idlencfleasa Tempcft driiiesall vertuous motions 
out of our mindes,ci^ nihili frmus^ on a fudden,by (loath and fuch bad vvaies 
we come to naught. 

Cofen GermantoIdlcnes,&acohcomitatingcaule,which goes hand in 
hand with if, is ^ nimta folitudo^ioo much (blitarinefle, by the teftimony of ^ ^. Montal- 
all PhyficianSjCaufe & Symptome both;but as it is here put for a caufe, it is tiuMercuridii 
either coad,enforced, or elfe voluntary. Enforced lolitarine(fe is common- ^c. 
ly feene in Students^Monks^Friers, Anchorites, that by their order & courfe 
of life,mu ft abandon all company, focietyofothcrmenjand betake them- 
felucs to a prilwte cell,0//i? fuperftittofo feclufiy as Bale and Hofpiman well 
tearme it, fuch as are the Carthufians of our time, that eatc no flefh (by their 
order ) keepe perperuall filence, ncuer goe abroad Such as Hue in prifon, or 
in fomc defcrt place, and cannot haue company, ais many of out conntrey . 
Gentlemen doc in folitary houfes , they muft either be alonewithout com- 
panions,or liuc beyond tfieir meanes, and entertainc allcommers as fo many 
hoftes, orelfeconuerfcwith dieir feruants andhindcs, fuch as arc vne- 
quall, inferior to them, and of a contrary difpofition; or elfe as fome doe, to 
avoid (blitarincffe, fpcnd their time with lewd fellowcs in Tauerns, and in 
Alc-houfes,and thence addict themfc'ucs to lome vnlawfull difports, or dif- 
folutc courleSiDiuerfc againe are caft vpon this rock offolitarinelfe for want 
qfmeancs, oroutofa ftrongapprehenfion of fome infirmity ,difgracc,ot 
tl)rough balTifulnefle, rndenede, fimplicity, they cannot apply themfelues 
tOQ^ziscom^m^MHUtm/oluminftlici gratifu folitudinej vbimllmp 

Part. i.Sca.i. Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmb.2.. SubU . 

80 qutmiferUm ey^rohret ^ tbiscnforccd foli tarincfle takes place, and produ -' 
cetbhiseffca fooneft in fuch^shauefpent their time louially pcraduenture 
in all honcft recreations, in good company ,in fome great famiIy,or populous 
citcy, & are vpon a fudden confined to a dcfert country cottage farrcoff^rc- 
ftrained of their liberty, and barred from their ordinary aflbciatcs : folita- 
rinciTe is very irkcfome to fuch , moft tedious , and a fudden caufe of great 

Voluntary folitarinefle Is that which is familiar with Melancholy, and 
gently brings on like a Siren^a fhooing.horne, or fome Sphinx to this irrc- 
^Aqmbui ma- vocable gulfc/ a primary caufeP//^ calls it: moft Pleafanr it is at firft,to fuch 
lumivtiM afri- as are Melancholy giucn, to lyc in bed whole dayes , and kccpe their cham- 
'a^m'mmm ^^^'^^ ^" ^^^^ folitary groue, betwixt woode and water, by a 

eajme/nm t j^^^^j^^ ^ to meditate vpon fomc dclightfome and pleafant fubicd, 
which fhallaflfed them moft; amabilisw/ama: 2\\<^ mentis gvAtipmus error 
A moft incomparable delight,it is fo to melancholize^ to build caftlcs in the 
ayre, to goe finiling to themfelues, ading an infinite variety of parts^which 
they fuppofe, and ftrongly imagine they reprefcnt,or that they fee a(5lcd or 
done; IBUnddt qui^em ah imtiofixxh Lemnim^ to conceaue and meditate of 
fuch plealant thingSjfometimes,/';'^;?^,/'^/,*?^ to come^ as Rafis fpcakes. So 
lum'^ff^entiii. delightfomc thefc toyes are at firft, they could fpend whole dayes and nights 
without flecpCj eucn whole yeares alone in fuch contemplations, and phan- 
^dimto'*'" tafticall meditations, which are like vnto dreames , and they will hardly be 
drawnefrom them, or willingly interrupt, windingand vnwindeing them 
felues as fo many clocks,& ftill pleafing their humors, vntill at laft the Sccanc 
is turned vpon a fudden,by fome bad obie(5l, and they being now habituated 
to fuch vaine meditations and folitary places, can endure no company, can 
ruminate of nothing but har(h and diftaftfull fubic(5h.Feare,(orrow,fufpition, 
fuhruflkm pudor^ difcontent, cares, and wearinefle of life, furprife tlian in a 
moment, and they can thinke of nothing elfe , continually liifpeding , no 
fooner are their eyes open, but this infernall plague of Melancholy (eazeth 
on them,and terrifies their foules, reprefcnting fome difinall obieit to their 
mindes,which now by no mcanes,no labour,no pcrfvvafions they can avoid, 
B fac'iiiidefcm- karet Uteri lethalu arwndo, they may not be rid of it, " they cannot refift. I 
/«4/iwcr«i:5e^^ may not deny but that there is fome profitable Meditation, Contcmplati- 
JpTaf'^tvtdl^'^-^ kindeoffolitarineffe to bee embraced,which the Fathers fo highly 
uadMras^Hk commcnd, ^ H'terome^ chryfojlome, Cyprian^ Aufth, in whole Trads, which 
'/f" Vi ^"^"^'^ PetrarchyErafmus^StelU^m^ others fo mudi magnifie in their books; a Pa- 
THkr^ymiu '^^^^^> ^ Hcauen on earth, if it be vfed aright, good for the body, and better 
f>;^.72. dixit for the Soule: As many of thofe old monkes vfed it, to diuine contctnplati- 
'£1% Tell Simului a Courtier in AdrUm time, Diocleftan the Emper our retired 


themlclucs &cc,mthat{cnce^ratia/s/M/citv/uere^ rdtin lines alone, which 
the Romans v/ciQ. wont to fay, when they commended a Country life. 
i4eSrf'>^o^^ to the bettering of their knowledge , as Benmritm ^ Cleanthes ^ 
amsiui, hum and thofc excellent Philofophers haue euer done , to fcquefter them- 
'£bumta% ^^^"^^ tumultuous world,or as in Vlinies villa Laurent ana^ TuUies 

KomnUpm- TufcuUne^lovim ftudy,that they might better vacare ftud^s (jrDeo^ ferue 
Ut deiitUs, God,and follow their ftudies. Thefc men arc neither folitary nor idle ] as the 



Parta.^'ca.i. SleefmgandlVJitngcaiifes Mtkih.i.SvkZf- 

■ — . ■ ■■ » 

Boct rnadc anfvvcrc to the huibandrtian in <s>^^/) ,^that obicdled idlenelle t6 8't 
him; he was neucr laiidlcjasin<his company; or that Sc/j/h ^fricunusm 
y T nlLy uTtquAm minus jolm j^mm quum fom'^mnquam minns ottofus , q^uS, ^ 
qunm effet ct 'tofus: never lefTe lolttary then when he was alone , neuer iiiore 
btific then when he feemed to be mon idle. Bat this is oti&fum ot'mm , it is far 
otherwifc with thefe mcn.according to t Se-Aeca. , emnid mhis rnxLafolitudo 
^^y/'//.i^^,this folitude yt\doQ.i\\\s^pugnat cttm vita/ociali y 'tis adiftru6iiue 
folitarinelle. Thefe men arc Diucis alone, as the faying is, bonto folm «LUt De- 
us^Ht DAmon: a man alone is either a Saint,or a Diiiell , mens eim aut Uh' 
guejctt^Aut tumefcit^md * vafili in this fcnfe^woe be to him that is i'o aione. ' Eccl.4. 
' Thcfc Witches doe frequently degenerate from men , and offociable crea- 
tureSjbccomejbeaftSjmonfterSjinhumane^vgly to hcholdyMifanthropi : they 
doe even Icath themleUies5&: hate the company of men, as (o many Tmons^ T^T^awa de tt 
iV^^/^f^^t^^f-s^^rj-; by too much indulging to thefe pleafing humours, ^x\d vuHem- carque- 
through their owne default. So that which Mercuridis confiL 1 1, foinetimes ^^J'^f^l^'"'^ 
cxpolhilated with Iiis melancholy paticnt,may be iuftly applied to every fo- pcraiiffimm 
limy and idle pe^fon in particular. ^ Naiura dete videtur conqueri pofle &;c ^"'f'^^ '^'■^i'^*' 
Nature may iuflly (fompUine of ^hee , that vphereas fheegaue thee agoodvohol- ffi^"kDc7ac 
fome temperat 'ire,a found body ^and God hath given thee fo divine and excel- vuie donummn 
lent A Soulejo many goody arts ^andfro^t able gmfts , thou haft not onely con. ^J^^^f^Ppfi^f^O' 
temned and reiecied^but haft corrupted them^poUuted them , oserthrowne thy rupiftijfsjaftj, 
temperxture^and perverted thoje gifts with riotj idlenejfe^folitarineffey and predidifii, opti' 
many other waies^thou art a traitour to Godand Nature ah enimy tothyfelfe J^J^^'/^'^f^^* 
and to the world. Perditio tua cx te : thou thy (elfe art the effictent caufe of puia,& ailis 
thine owne miferyj?y not refifl'mg fuch vaine cogit at ions ^but giving way vn- ^rtnbusi 
to them. 

S V B s E c T. 7, 

sleeping and Waking cmfes> 

Hat I haue formerly faid of Exercife,! may now repeat of Sleep* 
Nothing better then moderate fleepc, noching worfc then ic , ifit 
be in extreames^orvnfeafonably vied. It is a receaued opinion, 
thata melancholy man cannot lleepe ouermuch , Somnn^ fupra ,^ 
modum prode(i^:\s an only Antidote,and nothing offends them more^or can- cap. 17. Temei. 
feth this malady fooner,then waking^yet in fome cafes Sleep may doe more ^M/isi^^''^ 
harme then good^in that f^egmaticke/winiQi, coldjand fluggifli melancholy mentifq, vim 
which Melancihon fpeakcs ofjthat thinkes of waters , fighing moft part, &c. ^^^fJl^f^}^"^^ 
^ It dulls rhc Spirits, tf ouermuch , and fcnfes , fills the head full of grofle hu- cap'4,Magn^n 
mours,caufcth diftilIa(ions,rheumes,greatfiore of excrements in the braine, e^crementorum 
and all the other parrs,as ^ Fuchjiu^ fpeakes of them , that fleepe like fo many XJT^Ca*^ 
Dormice. Or ifit be vfed in the day time, vpon a full ilomacke , the body ill confctmt. / 
coinpofed to reil,or after hard meats it increafeth feareful dreames,Incubtis, ^ I'^-Ratrquil. 
night walking,cryingout,and much vnqu'ecncffe.-fuch fleepe prepares the nllurMM^r^. 
bo dy ,as ^ one obferues, to manj perilous dtfeafes. But as I haue faid,, waking farat cor^m tw 
o uermuch,is both a rymptome,and an ordinary caufe. Jt caufeth drtneffe ^f^^^i^^J^f^i^ 
the braine fre/gjie ^dotage ^and makes the body dryjeane^ hard^ mdvgly to be- fas tegmdt/icf 

Lz hold 

Par Li-Sed.!. Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmb.j.^ubfi 

82 hoUas ^Lemnitu hath it. The temper amre of the *B rdineis corrupted hyh, 
d J«j?«, tA v\ - the humours adufl^the eyes made to Jinke into the head^cholUr increafed^ and 
'cTlf'^r^bro fvh&lebodymflamed: and,as may be added out oi Galen 3. de/nnitate tu. 
f^l'aftm'ld" enda^'^vkenna 7^,1,^ itoverthroyvesthenaturall heatjt cau/eth crudities^ 
fert, phrojefin hurts concoSlton^ and what not ? Not without good ca u(e therefore Crato 
tf'^'!Tf'\confiLiiSth.iMM ^rculanui 
fqHaiidum,ftri' on Rhafis^GuUnertus and C^ercurtalu^Kckon vp this ouermuch wakmg,as 
gfum.hmom a principal! caufe. 

udmt ^temper a- *■ ^ 

mntm cerebri corrumpiumafiemindueh:exJtccat'corpUAibilem accendit, pyofrndotreMtoculos^calmm mget. cNatKra- 
tmcabrem dif^at.ljefAmcoilmecmditateifMihAtUnuantmvemM vigtlau eorporano^tcSf 

M B M B. 5, 

S V B S E C T. I. 

TaJ^fons and perturbations oftheminde^ 
horv they caufe Melancholy, 

fyita Akxan, (^^^^ S that Gymnofophiji in ^ Plutarch , made anfwere to {Alexander 
(demanding which fpake beftyl Every one of his fellows did fpeak 
better then the other: fo may I fay of thefe caufes • to him that 
fliall require tvhich is the greatcli, euery one is more grieuous the 
other,and this of Paffion the greateft of all. A moft frequent and ordinary 
% G>dif,i.«.i4. caufe of Melancholy , g fulmen ferturbationum {Vmolominem calls it ) this 
thunder and lightning of perturbation, which cauleth fuch violent and fpec- 
dy alterations in this our Microcofine 3 and many times fubverts the good 
eftate and temperature of it. For as che Body workes vpon the minde, by his 
bad humoursjtroubling the Spirits^fending grofle fumes into the Braine j&c 
h Pemrbatio- {q p^y confequens difturbing the Soule, and all the faculties of it , with feare, 
q'£^c6Yp0ri forrowj&c.which are ordinary fymptomes of this Difeafe : fo on the other ' 
animus fmpA' fide.the minde moft effe(fiually workcs vpon the Body, producing by his 
Tamb dfmip P^^^^^^^"^ petiurbations^miraculous alterations 5 as Melancholy, defpairc, 
\ Lib.de [anim, crucll difea{es,and fometimes death it felfc. Infomuch , that it is mofl; true 
tuend. which Ploto faith in his Charmides : omnia corpora mala ab anima procedere ; 
^mef&i^u''' ^ mifchiefes of the Body,proceed from the Soule; and Democritm in 
^uiimr cw- • Plutarch vrgeth, Damnatam iri animam 4 corpore^^ the body fliould in this 
poreyutfaber behalfe,bring an adion againft the Soule/urely the Soule would be caft and 
IvitaApUonii conviaed^ that by her fupine negligencc.had caufed fuch inconuenienccs^ha- 
/.I. . ving authority ouer the Body,and vfing it for an inftrument, as a Smith doth 
Z^onfiilr^'- hammer ( faith ^ Cypr/^ J imputing all thofe vices and maladies to the 
tii,&igneran- Minde. Even fo doth ^Philojlratm^non coinquinatur corpm ^nifi confenfr 
tiaomnesammi a»im£'^ the Body is not corrupted, but by the Soule. ^ Lodov, Fives m)l 
TmPbyfioL h^"^ ^"^h turbulent commotions proceed from Ignorance , and InAifcretion, 
Stoic. All Philofophers impute the raiferies of the Body to the Soule , that fhould 
o Grad.i.ci^. goucrned it better , by command of reafon , and hatli not done it. The 
^i^EXm^' Stoicks arc altogether of opinion (as » Lip/if^s^and ^ Piccolominem rccordj 
xpb t.cap^' thatawife man fhould be <««»W«,without all manner of pafTions and pcrtur- 
eJeriuni ^tan- whatfocuer,as P Seneca reports of C4/<7,the ^ Greekes of Socrate s , and 
umn^imtj^ lo^^bmui of a ijiation in Africkej^o free from pairion,or rather fo ftupid, 


Part. I ,Sc£k,2 Perturbations ofthemindc Memb. 3 .Subf. 

that if they be woiiiidcd with A iword,they will only looke backc. ^ Lafia?2ti- 8^ 
us 2 Jf9ll(t.^{\\z\di\^ fearefrm a rvtfe man: oiWxs fomethef^^^. ■ ^ 

greatell palTions. But Ic c them dffput^ lx)w tlicy will/et downe in Tkefi^^MK piemeifc'* " 

precepts to the contrary; wc finde that ol^ Lemnim trae ^ by c6tniii<)n cxpe- 
rience; iV^> wo;'^^// W4» is fi-eefrom thefe perturbations: Or if he be fure he 
is eitliCF a GodjOr a blocke. They are borne and bred with' vs, We liaiie them 'Ktm monaxi. 
from our parents by inheritance , I fAventibm habemm mdum. hunt affem^ dl^fm^' 
id\A\^Pel€z.im^mfcitur vnkmbifcum^dttur^'^xxs propagated {lomAdam, immlvttJ^^^ 
Cain was melancholy^ t as Auflm hath it^and who is not ? Good difeipline, '^(fMumy aut 
Education,Philo{bphy,Divinity(^r cannot deny) may mitigate andHftraine ^ j'^'/f ^.^^ 
thefe paffions in (bme few men at fuch times ,'biit moll part they doi^iii^eere imnmlrumaf* 
and are (o violent^ * that as a torrent , { t^rens vdut agg^:!re rufto } beares 
downeall b^fore,and ouerfiowes his h^Vt^^Jierriit agros Ji<?f m fita ^ thiey f e),^. ,05. , 
overu'helme reafon , iudgemcnt , and periiert tlic tciUpefatuVeof che bod^: > Graaatsvjis, 
Fertur^cfuis auriga^nec audit currfts habenas. Now fueh a ]mn([aMi A/tfli») \ ^'^^^ 
that is (0 led''' in a rvife mans eye Js no better then he that flmds lOpohis head. l. i^-c.^^quaiis 
It is doubted by ^oiw^^r^tviorefne morbi k perturb At ionibus , an db humor i- ^cui^^bommii 
^fti^jwhether hiimorSjor perturbations , caufe the more griciioiisiil^la iies. Z'^mLut] 
But we finde that of our Saviour\Mat.2 6.^i.moi^ true, The fpirit tuiismocuiu 
the flefh is weake.wecRnnotrcM: And this of ^ Ph//o /udc€:^^Pertur^ntions'l^'JJ'^'*'"'f'*\ 
often offend the body ^and are mofi frequent caufe s of MeUnchoty , turning it ,.antur. 
out oft he hinges of his health, f7-z/<?/ compares them to Windes vpon thefe a ^ ^■^^'^ , 
fome only moue as thofe great gales , but others turbulent quite overt urne the ^n>fcor"ml]^m. 
fhip. Thofe which are light, eafie^and more feldome, to our thinking, doe vs dm & anirri, 
little harme,and are therefore contemned of vs: Yet if they be reiterated / ^ frcq^entiffi^ 
the raineffsiith Aufiin)doth a jionejd doe thefe perturbations penetrate thc^ lanchoiu, dlma- 
minde:^ and (as one obferues ) produce an habit of Melancholy at the UH ^"^^^m ah mgi' 
which hauing gotten the malkry in our (ouIcs^iDay well be called difcafes. "pr]^„a'iib^l^de 

How thele paflions produce this effed, Agrippa hath handled at large, amma. 
occult.PhilorMb.ii,cap.6i'CardanMb.iAfubtil,Lemnim lib.i.cap, 12. de oc- ^ Ff«^f«»c>jZ;- 
cult.nat.mtr.cr Itb. i.cap. 1 6.Suarez.Met.dt/put. 1 8 .ject» i.art' 25. T. Bright in man que- 
cap. 1 2 .of his melancholy Treat ife^Wright the lefuite in his bookc of the paOi - dam 'aur<e ims, , 
ons of the minde,&c.Thus in briefe. To our imagination commeih , by the qi^dhmturbl' 
outward fenfe or memory ,(bme obied to be knowne ( refiding in the fore- lemaijic k cor* 
moft part ofthebraine^ which he mif-conceauing or amplifying, prefently/'^'^^ qu<edam ^ 
communicates to the Heart,the (eat of all affedions. The pure fpirirs forth- taHuntm"' 
with flocke from the Braine to the Heart^by certaine (ecret channels, and fig- qu.tdam hamo- 
nifie what good or bad obied was prelentcd ; f which immediatly t>cndsit2J^^^£* 
lelfc to profeciitCjOr avoid it* and withali^draweth with it other huinours to cvtgutu ia$i' 
Iielpe it: fo in pleafure,concurre great ftore of purer fpirits; in fadneficjmuch ^^^^[-^ ^mtk-^ 
melancholy blood; in ire,choller. If the Imagination be very apprehenfiue, 
intcnr^and violentjit (ends great ftore of fpirits to,or from the heart,& makes arf^ vaimtei 
a deeper imprefiion^and greater tumult.as the humours in tiie Body belike- ^f^^^^^^^J"*' 
wife prepared, and the temperature it fclfe ill or well difpofed , the paffions c jma^naiio 
arc longer and (konger. So that the firft fteppe and fountaine ofall our grie- rnow coypta, 
vances in thiskinde,is g la/a Imxginatw, which mifinforming the Heart, cau- '^fxtimwT^ 

iMres^lp'triiusvUales.qu'ibMalteratur. /"EccIcO^ t^. The Heat t alters the countenance to good or evill janddi- 
ftradiofiof thcminde,caulcihda1:cnaperatureofthcbody, gspi«f«* & fangua iiliefa lmagimtme contamivimm^ 
hmmsemmmtatia^iomanimi ifmutant, Pifo. 

L 3 feth 

, — 1 I I iwiii I - — ^r'n 

Parui.Sedl.i. . Caujes of Melancholy, Memb.3.SubriJ 

84 fcth all thefe diftemperdtLires,alteration and confiifion of fymts and humoris. 
h Mmtani cm- By mcancs of which/o difturbed,conco«aion is h/ndred , and the principall 
^qum^cau' P^"s ^"^^ rnuch debilitated; as ^ Navarra well declared, being confulted 
by ^Aontmu4 about a melancholy lew. The fpirits fo confounded, the nou, 
"^i^^lZcntio "^'"^"^ ^""^ "^^^^ abated,bad humours ijicreafcd, crudities and ihicke 
ImimpeLZ ^^^^^^ ingendred with melancholy blood. The other parts cannot pcrformc 
& mmbja their fun6lions , hauing the fpirits drawnc from them by vehement padion, 
^Sf" ^' ^^^^^ ^^"^^ motion; f o we looke vpon a thiiag,and fee it not; heare, 
\Bnv\arjib,i. and obferuc not; which otheiwife would mucbaffcd ys , had weebeene free. 
Ci»p.i8. J ,-,-j3y therefore conclude wich i Arnoldus^Maxma 'vis efiphmtafiA , 
ijarf/e/rf^fl»ei 'i^niferc^nonautemcQrfort6mtemperteij)mnum^^ caufx eftafcriben- 

fauorahibta ob- Aa: great is the force otTmaginati<}H,and much more ought the caufe of Me- 
n^hi^Jk'"' ^'iricholy tobe afcribed to this alone, then to che diftemperaturc of the bo- 
ciMde refome, dy. Of which Imagtmf/o;fJbccmk kh:iih fo great a ftroke in producing this 
pmackum^ maJadie,and is fo povverfull of it felfc , it will not bee impertinent to my dif- 
^qu^Tm^U courfej^to make a briefe DigrclTionjto fpcakc of che force of it , and how it 
condimcrito re- caufcch this alteration. Which manner of Digrelfion , howfocuer fbme dii^ 
^ben'ere^clro ^^^^''^^ frivolous and impeitincnr,yct I am of t ^eroddti6 his opinion , Such 
Diorejiims doe mightely delight andrefre^ a weary Reader, they a.re likefauQt 
to a badjiomacke^and I doe therefore mofi willingly v/e them^ 

S V B S H C T. 2. 

Oj the force of Imagimtion^ 

Hat Imagination is, I haue (ufficiently declared in my Digrefion 
of the AriAtomie ef ^he Soule, I will only now pbisit at the vvonder- 
fuIlefFedsand power of it; which 3 as it is eminent in all, fo moft 
efpecially it rageth in melancholy perfbos, in keepiag the /pecies 
k Ah iMiglna- of obieds fo Iong,miftakingjamplifying them by continiiall and ftiong ^ me- 
tie^ie omnmr ditatiort^vntill at length it produceth in fome parties reall effec^s,caufeth this 
bm anirlicm- ""•^"V ^^^^'^ maladics. And although this Vhxntafie of ours , be a fubor- 
fmim-.aui tur- dinatc ficultie to rea(bn,and fliould be ruled by it^yet in many mcn,through 
f«r? lo f!rtbu- ^^^'^^^ outward diftemperatures, defed of Organs , which are vnapt or 
»^(r«f:c;i//?/%. hindered,orothcrvvi(econtaminated,it is likewifevnapCjhindred, and hurt. 
libMp.io. This we fee verified in fleepers,vvhich by rcafon ofhumours, and concourfe 
of vapours troubling the M4»^4^tf,imagine many times abfurd and prodi- 
gious things,and in fuch a* arc troubled with Incubm, or Witch ridden (as 
we call it^if they lie on their backes,they fuppofe an old woman rides, & fits 
fo hard vpon them,that they are almoft ftifled for want of breath; when there 
is nothing offends, but a concurfe of bad humours , which trouble the Phan- 
tafie. This is like wife evident in fuch as walke in the night in their flcepe ,and 
/ Scdig cxerch. doc f^range feats; ^ thefc vapours moue the Phantajle.xht fhantAjiethc odj?- 
ta^iquotki ^^^/7^^w hichmouing the 4«/>»4// fpirits, caufeth tlic bogy to walke vp and 
JrdiuTclT downe,asifthey wereawake.Fr^f47?(?r/^//^.3.d^/W^//i>7.rcferres all Exta- 
aiiferem fe a fies to this force of Imagination,fuch as lyc whole daies togcf her in a trance: 
re4bm,& 35 jh^f pj-jcf} vvhom ^ Celf fpeakes of,that could feparate himfclfe from his 
Zemno7[c-4t, fcnfes whct^hc iift^and lye like a dc^d man,void of life & fenfe. Cardan brags 


Part.i.Sed.2. Of the force of Imagination. Meinb.3. Subf^,, 

ofhimfclfe,that he could doe as much , and that wlien he lilL Many times 85 
fuch men when they come to themlelues,teil ftcange things of Heaucn and 
Hell,what vifions they haue feene; as that S'^Orven 'm Mitherv Paris , thac 
v^^ent into Saint Patricks Purgatory, and the Monke of Euefh^m in the fame 
Author- Thole common apparitions in 'Be^ie and Gregory , T^rigets reve- 
lations jH^/Vr.//^. 3.^ Z,4«?^/,c^f^. 11. Circ.reduceth, f^asl haue formerly faid^j 
with all thofe tvilcs of Witches progrefles^dancing^riding, transformations, 
operations,6<:c.to the force of" Imagination^and the Dive's illufions.Thc like 
efied'ts almod are to be fecne in fuch as are awaie : How many Chim^eras, " ^<^'^^ t^^jman^ 
Anticks , golden mountaines, and Caftlcs in the Aire doc they build vnto ^f^^^^'^"""^ 
themfelues? I appeale to Painters , Mechanicians , Mathematicians. Some o p^erha & vKi 
afcribe all vices to a falle and corrupt Imagination , Anger , Revenge, Luii, tTant'dlmni 
Ambjtion,Couetoufiie{Te,which preferrs falfhood, before that which is right [,tfir;iamuitere\ 
and goodjdeluding the Soule vvith falfe iTievvcs and fuppofitions. P Bernar- 7"' '^^^(^0^^ 
dusPemtius ^ will haue herefie and fupcrftition to proceed fr©m this foun-("^J^^''"/*^^^ 
laine* as he falfcly imagineth,fo he belecueth,and as he conceaueth of it,{o it fum rcgic,du- 
muii be.and it lliall hzxontragenteshQ willhaue it fo. But moft efpecially "'^ "f}]^^ 
in pamons and aftedtions , it fhewcs Itrangc and evident cnects : what will corpora veroea- 
not a fearefull man conceaue in the darke-, wliat ftrange formes of Bngbeares ^^wj/n? /e«/« 
Diuels, Witches,Goblins? Lavater imputes the greatcft caiiie of fpeftrums, SrrTwfS 
and riie like apparitions,to feare, which aboue all other paflGons , begets the diabuimyvt md- 
ftrongcfl; Ima^^ination/faith 4 Wierus)m6i fo likewiTe lone,forrow,ioy,&c. 
Some dye luddainely,as (he that (aw her fonne come from the battle at Ca»- fubkia^proprUs 
m^Scc, lacah the Patriarke^y force of Imagination, made pcckled Lambcs, cofpenbm eas 
laying peckled roddcs before them. Perjim tliat z^thiopian Qucene in He- if 'Xr.'*^''* 
Morus,hy feeing the picture oi Per Jem and Andromeda,^ inftced of a Black- p vtenmo 
moore,was brought to bed of a faire white child. In imitation of whom be- '''^^'j^^^^.^^^ 
like,t an hard fauored fellow in Gr^^ctf,bccaure he and his wife were both de- p^omtbmlf- 
formedjto get a good brood of (hMitnyekgantipma^ Imagines in thaUmo feaibiajoues 
f^//^c^w^,&c. hung the fairef^ pictures he could buy for mony in his cham- ^^^^J^''^^'^''" 
her,th.;t his voifehy frequent fight ofthem^might conceaue and be^re fuch chil- mor^dL^.c,^ 
dren. And it wc may belceue Bale^ont of Pope Tijcholas the thirds Concu- ^ ^* ^^'Z"" ^•'Z"* 
bines,by feeing of a ^ Beare ^ was brought to bed of a monff er. if a vpoman ^uZ\!cap.l 
(faith ^ Lemmus)atthe time of her concept ion ^thivke of another man prefent^ de occult, nat. 
or a^fentjthe childe Tvilllpel/ke him. Great bellied women, when they long, ^"f^^^'li,^^ 
yceld vs prodigious examples in this kinde,as Moles, Warts,Scarres, Hare- viacogiut de 
lips, Monff ers,cfpecially caufed in their children,by force of a depraued phan- ^"Y^^l'tffi' 
tafie in them; Ipfam fpeciem ^uam animo effigiatfcetui inducst : (he imprints gkl'minft'm 
that ffamp vpon her childc,which fhe^ conceauesvnto her felfe. And there- eiucere. 
h^cLcdovtcusytvesJikiMchrififem. giues a fpeciall caution to great 
bellied women,^/'^/ they doe not admit fuch al^furd conceits and cogitations, vnito, fubita. 
but by all meanes avoidfuch horrible obtecis, heard orfeene , or flit hie jpe^a. f^j^^^^^'Jl' 
cles. Some will laugh,wecpe,figh,groane,bl^li,tremble,fweat,at fuch things qSi'mTrix^ 
as are fus^geffed vnto them by their Imagination, ^vicenna fpeakes of one cenbroconum" 
that Gouid call himfelfe into a Palfic when he lifl 5 and fome can imitate the ^^f^^^J^!^ 

maginam fVtft 

ma(mtHr txtlum gyanatumMui mm fecum ptoferet fem$:fileporeni/t4am editurfupremolabeUo bifido,& diffe^o.vehement 
c»iitatio mvet remm fpecks.iricr^,^ .c.8. u Ne dm vtermge^eitt,admittm tbfurdas cogitatmafid & ti[it^itHqifidil 
■J borrejifk devitmt. 

■ times 


Parci.Sea.a, Caufes of Melancholy. Memb.3 .Subfi.' 

8 6 tunes of Birds and Bsafts,that they can hardly be diTcerned. Dage^erfus and 
/';'i^;ff^rcarrcsand woimdSjIike to thofeorChriAs(^itat the leailany luch 
occult.vhhj. vyere) ^ i^gr/ppa fiippofech to haue happened by force of Imagination: that 
b.ucapM' ^^^^ ^j.^ Wolues/rom Men to Women , and Women againe to 

Men("whicli is conftantly beleiied)to the fame Imagination : or from Men to 
y lib.i. ^ ^- AfTeSjDogges^or any other fliapes. v wierus afcribcs all thofc famous tranf- 
wiH,wp.»o. formationsjto Imagination •tr;at in they feeme to fee the pic. 

^grippalib,!, tare of a Dog^ftill in their vvater,^ that melancholy men,and ficke msn , con- 
cap. 6^. ^^^^jg j^^j^y phanrafticall vifions^apparitions to thcmfcIucSj and haue fuch 
abfurd apparitions,as that they are Kings,Lords,Cocks,Beares, Apes,0 wlsj 
that they are hcauy^Iight^tranlparentjgreatjand littlejenfclefre and deadf as 
t Se^ mmb ^^^^^ ihcwcd more at large,in our t Sections of Symptomcs; can bee im- 
iMfed^. ' putcd to naught elfe,but to a corrupt/alfc, & violent Imagination. It works 
nMaiieui not in ficke and mcIanchoIy men only, but even moft forcibly fometimcs in 
%ttfJipT Tuch as arefound: it makes them fuddainely fickc, and ^ alters their tcmpera- 
ufliHdiverfas turc in an inftant. And fometimes a ftrong apprehcnfion^as ^ Valefim proues 
S''fT£-^^^^^^''^'^*^^^'''^y Difeafes.-inbothkindcsitwill produce reall eft;d'5. Men if 
fme. * they fee but another man tremble,giddy ,or (ick of fome fcarcful difcaf-^thcir 
b vr.rdef. /.f . apprehenfion and fearc is fo ftrong in this kinde^that they will haue the fime 
qum 'etim"' Dif^afe. Or if by fome South-fayer , wife- man, fortune- teilcr, or Phyfitiafi, 
morbi diutHm they bc told they (ball haue fuch a Difcafe, they will fo fcrioiifly apprehend 
'''mndTclh- ^^^^^^ ^^^y inft^i'^tly labour of it. A thing familiar in Chim ( faith lUcci' 
mr. US the Iefuite)c /fit be told them they fhall beftcke on fuch a day^when tha day 

c Ex^ditMsi' comesytheywiilfurely be fickeyandwillbefb terribly afflicied jth At fometimes 
^mporromM ^^ey ^ye vpon />. Cotta in hisDifcouery of ignorant Pra6itioners of Phy- 
fxMonbm ficke cap.Z .hath two ftrange ftories to this purpofe , what phanfie is able to 

dempiciat.-n.m ming to a Phyfitian,and told by him thatfhe was troubled with the Sciat/ca, 
fprMm^ik as he conicdtured, (a. Difcafe fhewas free from ) the fame night after her re* 
m^mboconi. turnc,vpon his words fell into a grievous fi6 of a SciatUa. And fuch another 
ptndoi^ 'n vbi example he hath ofanother good wife,that was fo troubled with the cramp, 
^' ^^^^^ fame manner fhe came by it,becau(e her Phyfitian did but name it. 
s,d!4nt,cf vi Sometimes death it felfe is caufcd by force of Phantafic. I haue fieard of one 
piem ap^i, that comming by chance in company of him that was thought to be ficke of 
J^JX'"f;^'thePlagtie ( which was not fo; fell downe fuddainely dead. Another was 
eum marte col- ficke of the Plaguc with conceit. One feeing his fellow let bloud,(alls downe 
^"^^Xin 8 ^ fowne. Another(laith ^ Qarciein out of Ariptle) fell downe deac^ which 
\ubl, dt ani' familiar to women at any gaftly fight) feeing but a man hanged. A /erv in 
via.ciip. demeL Fra^icef faith c Lodov/cffs r/ves)came by chance oucr a dangerous .paflage, 
^Sff^^s- P^^^^c*^^^^ ^^^^ ^ Brooke in the darke, without Jiarme, tlic next day 
ExaUadef ici' pcrccauing what danger he was in,fell downe dead. Many- will not beleeue 
entes atiqw'pfte (ych ftorics to bc truc,but laugh commonly , and deride when they h.eare of 
^"^ ^^^^'^ confider with themfelues, as ^ Peter Byarm illuftratcs 
hftmtntm.^c itjifthey were fet to walke vpon a planke on high, they would bc giddi^, vp- 
on which they dare fecurely walke vpon the ground. Matiy ( h\h Agrlppa) 
Tst^J^nt- ^pong heirtedmen otherwife ^tremble at fuch fight s.daTe'l and are ftcke , // 
quiMur, quan. they but doy^nefrom an high place , and what moues them hut conceit ? 
doq, reccdmt, Asfomear^fo moleftedby Pbantafiej fo fome againe by Fancy alone, and a 



Parc.i.vS'ed.i. Force oflmagination, Menib,3.Subf2,. 

good conceit^are as ealily recoucred. Wee fee commonly the Tooth-ache, 8^ 
GoutjFalhng-iicknenCjbitingofamad Dog,aiid many Inch maladies cured 
by SpelSjWordsjCharadters^and Charmes^and many greene wounds mag- 
netically cured, which Croliius and Gddenim in abooke of late , hath defen- 
ded. All the world knowes there is no vertuc in fuch Charmes, but a flrong ^ ^'^ ^ ^^^^t 
conceit and opinion alone.as ^ I'ornfOmtim holds,JV^/<:/y forcttb a motion ofn!!ol%bmm 
the humonrs, joints and blood ^rvh/ch takes away the cattfe cfthe maladiefrom humrum, & 
the parts affUied, The like wc may fay of all our Magicall efFeds , fuper Aiti- ^f^^^^dTvl 
ous cu es,and fuch as are done by Mountebanks and Wizards. ^/ rvkkedrio affiBu rapi-^ 
jmredulity many menare hurt{(o faith f Wievus of Charmcs^SpelSj&c^ voe <^<^ 
finds in our experience, by the fame meanes many are releiued, AnEmpirickc IZfTy^vbrn 
Qftcntimcs^and afjlly Chirurgion^doth more Itrange cures , then a rational] affeau mfit. 
Phy fitian. Nymannus giucs a reafon.bccaufe the Patient puts his confidence 
in him/ which t^vicennapreferres before Art , Precepts^ and all Remedies mpkcuMita. 
W>'<2{/^^^'^>'.Tis' opinion alone/^faithkcW^«^thatmakcs,ormarrcs phyfi-^' ^"^ 
tians^and he doth the beft cures , according to Hippocrates , in whom moft TfjJ^J^^e. 
trull. So diverfiy doth this Phantalie of ours affecl^turneand winde, fo im- dibi'esfi vfuq^ 
perioufly co'.nmand our bodies^which as another VroteuSyOr a Camelion^ can f;^7rf 
take all (hapes-^ and is of fuch force (as Ficinus addes j that it can rvork<LJ vpon ^fiiucia 
others as Vfie]ia^ our ^e Lues, How can otherwilc bleare-eyes in one man, caufe mntmi & 
the like affe6:ion in another? Why doth one mans n^yawningjmake another Xw^^&rS^' 
yawne ? One mans pilling prouoke a fecond many times to doe the like? rendu Avkm, 
Why doth fcraping of trenchers offend a third,or hacking offiles? &c. Why k'P'»''"f«*<»« 
doth a Carcafle bleed,vvhen the murthcrer is brought before it,fome weekcs ZSditatMje 
after the murther hath beene donei* Why doe Witches and old womcn/af^/^P'*""'?- 
cinate and bewitch children : butas mert^s , Varacelfu6^ Cardan^ d^K? 
Falleriola,Campanellaj & many Philofophers ihinkc, the forcible Imaginatio is, de neobi. 
of the one party, moucs & alters the fpirits of the other. Nay more^they can '^gyj^" 
caufe and cure not only difcafes, maladies and feuerall infirmities , by this qumProteni' 
meanes,as '^vicenna de ammJib.^fecf.^Suppokthj in parties remote , but vet chameleon, 
moue bodies from their piaces,caufe thunder,Iightning,tempe{|s,which opi- ^^Zmm^n^- 
nion AlkindtiSyParacelfm^md fome others approue of. Read more of this in mnqum affid- 
Wierm I. z.de Lam^s cap. 8 . 9» lo. francifcm Valeptis med.controverMbA- 
cont,6,Marcell:fs D on at us Ub, i ,cap, i .de hijt.mei.mirA&tL, Levtnm Lemnms tgs ofcumtt ' 
de occult. nat.mir. lib. i .cap. 1 2 .Cardan Ub. iS.de rerum var.Corn. ^grippa de w\t.m. 
occult,VhilofcAp,6/\,6'y.Camerariu^ i.cent.cap, '^^.horarum/ubcif. Nymannm 
in orat.de Imag. Laurentimy3x\(\ him that is tnflar omnium^ Fienm^ a famous 
Phyfitian of oZ/^^w^r/'^'jthat wrot three bookes de viribus Imaginationis. I 
haue thus farre digre(ied5bccaufe this Imagination is the medium deferens of 
pa(Iions,by whofe meanes they worke and produce many times prodigious 
cffedsjand as the Phantafie is jnore or leffe intended or remitted , and their 
humours difpofed/o doe perturbations moue more or lefle^and take deeper 


Svbs, 3„ 

Part.i.Scd.2« Caufes of Melancholy. Memb.j. S\ibC^^ 


S V B $ B C T. 3. 

'Divijton ofPerturhattons, 

Ert.urbations and pafifions , which trouble the Phantafie, though 
they dwell betvvcene the confines of Senfe and Reafon , yet they 
rather follow Senfe then Reafon^ becaufe they arc drowned in 
nT.W. /</J«V.'^^®^^corporeall organs of Senfe. They are commonly " reduced into 
two incIinations,//'^/fi^/^,and Comut 'tfcible. The Thomijfs fubdivide th^m 
into eleuen fix in the couetmg^^ind fiue in the Invading. Arifiotle reduccth 
03.* Umma. to Pleafure and Paine^ Plato to Loue and Hatred , « Fives to Good and 
Bad. If good it is prefent,and then we abfolutely ioy and loue : or to come, 
and then we defire and hope for it: If evill,we abfolutely hate it ; if prefcnt, it 
P S«r.5 J. Sorrow • if to come, Fcare. Thefe foure paflions P Bernard compares to 
mfrnt^ti'^u the vpheeiesofa Chariot ^by vphtch we are carried in this world. All other paf- 
rou in curru^ fions are fubordinate vnto thefe foure,or fix^as fome w ill : Loue, Ioy, Defire, 
t^cmnd'"'*' HatrcdjSorrow^ Feare: The reft, ^s Angef,Envy,Emiilation,PrideJc3lou- 
"'^ *• fie,Anxiety,Mercy,Shame,Difcontent,Dcfpaire5 Ambition, Avarice, &c. 
qHi/iw« ^«;/;-aj.g ^jj^jj-ible vnto the firft: and if they be immoderate, they 4 confume the 
ne!^?rif^7nZ fpirits,and melancholy is efpecially caufcd by them. Some few difcreet meti 
cefcHnt. Fernei, there are,that can goucmcthemfelues, and curb in thefe inordinate Affedi- 
B.iM,ca2. Qns^by Religion,PhiIofophy,and fuch divine Precepts , ofmeekneffe , pati- 
ence and the like: but molt part for want of gouerment, out of indifcretion, 
ignorance,they fuffer themfelucs wholy to be led by fenfe ; and are fo farrc 
from reprelTing rebellious inclinations,that they giue all encouragement vn- 
to them,leauing the raynes, and vfing all provocations to further them i bad 
\^d!^!mi by Nature, worfe by Art, Difciplinc, ^ Cuftome, Education, and a perverfe 
m ingemum ne will of thcir owne 3 they follow on , wherefbeuer their vnbridled Aflfe*5lious 
^^^^ciimmhb tranfport them,and doe more out ofcuftome,felfe-will,then out of Rea- 
L airabikj' fon. Contumax voluntas ^siS Melan^hon calls it^malum facit : this fiubborne 
piurafacmit of ours pervctts iudgcmsnt , which fees and knowes what fhould and 
\mi!dkc!^ukm ought to be done,and yet will not doe it. MahcipiaguU , Slaues to their fc- 
eVflrio8c.^rc-veralllufts,andappctite,they precipitate and plunge ^thcmfelues into a La- 
ntris afuefeere byrjnth of cares,blinded with luft,blindcd v\ ith ambitioni « Theyfeeke that at 
Fideo meliora Gods hands,rvmch they may gtue vnto themjelues, if they could but refratnt^ 
proboq^ deterio-^fOmthoJecaresyandperturbationSyWherexvtth they continually macerates 
mm^iadimr ^^^'^ rnindes. But giuing way to thefe violent paffions of feare,griefe,fhamc, 
w/? a. feipfo. revenge jhatred,malice,&c. They are torne in pceceSj as ^^on was with 
\^HtHiLtm"' cioggcs,and " crucifie their owtie (bules, / 

pfieeipitant am- 

bitlm&cupiditatibMexctecati,nonintelBgunt(e 'tUndidiispctere^iMdlibiipJhltvelintprtelidrepofJtnt ^fi curls &pemrhil' 
tionib'is,quib(ts ajjtduefi macerMt^impeme veUcnt, u Tanto ^ttdia mlenttfum citulas,& (Uimeata doltrm ftierim(U,vit4^^ 
ficMfelictJfimm,mjlem & mCtrabUm efficimm, PetYaTch.pr<ef<u.deKemediiSi&c, 

Syss. 4< 

Parci.^'ed.r. Sorrowacaufe Memb.5.SubC4. 

S V £ S E C T. 4, 

Sorrorp a caufc ofMekmho^y 

N this Catalogue of Paffions, which fo much torincnt the Soule ^^^^^^ 
of man^and caufe this malady(for I will briefly fpeak of them aJI, infanm'dokr. 
and in their orderjthefirft place in this Irafcible Appetite, may xTiwayd^wfi 
iuftly be challenged by Sorrow. An infeparable companion^x The /'^j^T^ 
wothsr And daughter of melancholy Jjer Epitome^Sjmptome^ and chitfe caufs: &foboUs atri 
as * Hippocrates hath it; They beget one another and tread in a ring/or Sor- ^ji^^^fitnt, a 
row is both Caufe and Symptome of this difeafe. How it is a Symptcme *^ocrcam'!'Jp^^ 
fliall be fhewed in his place. That it is a caufe all the world a'jknowledgeth, ^phcrtr.i\. 1.6, 
Dolor nonmllis tnfanU caufafuit^ ^ diorum morhorum infanabilium^ (ai ch J^^^ '"'^^ 
Plutarch to Apo^ionius\ a ciufc ot madnefi[e,a caufe of many other difcaies, a mmFlvexii- 
fole caufe of this miichiefej Lemnit^ cal's it. So doth Rhafis cant, I, i.tr/tii,9 . P'''*.'^- ^^l^ 
Gutanerim Tracl, \ 5.c^^.5.Aiid ifit take root once it ends in difpaire,as ^- Te- lore &' mm''' 
l/x platter obkiiK^^yind as in ^Cel^es table , may well .bee coupled with it. /'«c^i<?/<3/7/?/««f. 
^ Chryfojlome in his feauenieenth Epiflle to O/y^^^z-z^jdefcribes it to be, a cru- ^^'!^^^'^^'''^f' 
ell torture ofthefoule^a mofl tnexflicahle griefe ^apoyfc nedvporme ^coriftiming ^ tYifitua fad- 
body andfoule ^andgnavping the very heart ^a perpetuaR executioner^ continu- (^^ccdertme* 
all night ^profound darknefje^n Twhirlervind^d^tempefl,an ague net appearing, ^^''^^mTtiaU" 
heating vporfe then any fire, and si battle that hath no end : It crucifies vporfc^^ euat.ifi aim 
then any Tyrant^no torture^nofirappado/io bodily puni^ment is like 'vnt'o it, '"^^'"^ i^f '* 
'Tis the Eagle without quelhon^which rhe Peers faincd to ^p.nawe ^ Prome- degcuer^tm^ 
thefts heart , and no heavinejfe is llks vnto the heavinejfe of the heart, Ecclus lii'}cboiiam,e^ 
25.15.1^.'^ Every perturbation is a miferyjyut grief e a cruell torment , a do- ^Cmlf"^^'^^^'^ 
niineering pafl[ion:as in old Fowe^\\/hcn the Diclator was created, all inferi- ziiieiuSlm , c- 
our magiikacies ceafed; when griefe appeares all other pa'^ions vanifh. jt'^^^^^^o fom 
dries vp the bones,{a\^ Solomon cap,ij.Pr.o, m^\iZs them hollow-eyed, pale, ^jmTf 
and leane/urrow-facedjto hauedead looks^wrinkled browcs,riueled checks, hAnimarum 
dry bodies, and quire perverts their temperature that are miiaffecled with ir. Jl^^'jj/'y'^px^ 
As Elenora that exil'd mournfull Dutches ^in our t EnglifLi Ovid ) laments 
to her noble husband Humphry Duke of GloceUer, «oj /^'^«»' 

Sawefl thou thofe eyes in whfefyveet cheer efult looke, "^thgmype^pe^ 
DukeWumphryoncefuchioyandpleafuretooke^ mu carnifexj 

sorrow hathfo difboH'dme of all i^race, 7" 
Thou couldjt not (ay this vpo^ my rXmi^jace, & tenebra 

Like a fowle Gorgon^i^c, pofundit, tm- 

d It hinder scOncociion,refrigerates the heart Jakes avoay)flwnacke<colour^and ^^^/^^^ 
fkepe-^ thickens the blood(Fernelius L i.e. i S.demorb.caufis) contaminates the apparemiomni 
fpirits (Pifo) Ovcrthrowes the naturall heat , peruertsib^. good etee of ^^^^^^^^^^^^^ 
body and niinde, and makes thtm weaty of their Hues ,.cry Qut., howle and ^puzna [mem 
roare for very anguiili of their fou'es. confclled as much,Pfiln^.-2,Z.Z, f'onhabcns-- 
ihaueroaredfor the very dff^Uietnefieofmyheart.And Pfi^''i-^9'A-P^^'^^'^'^ln^^^^ 
emq. omni tyramp cvuMioiempriefefert.. vNat.Comi Mythol. l.^.c.d, * Tullf ^.Tt{c\omm pmuthat'ui vkCii ia & camifi- 
ckucd dolor. ^ ^.Drayiomnhis Hercp. d CratoconfiLiiM.z. moi^imim'rjcr^mlnfripdat cerpus.calmminnatum 
exthtauit^appetiium defimt. dCor refrkefat tn(lUia,(piyit{{6 exficcaUnnaiumq^ caforem obmtyvigilia^ indvclt^onjlQ^Umm 1^^ 
beft^aSyfangumm mrajfatjxaz^geratq^ milmholicm ffccum, c Spmtm &[anii4^i boc contofmnam. P/(rf, 

M 2 ^ 

Part.i.Sea.i. Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmb.3.^ubf5 

5^0 Mj' foule melteth away for very heauineffe.verfi^J am like a bottle in thc^ 
fmoakeS ^nttochus complained that he could nor fleepe, and that his heart 
fM«r«.^.i9. fainted for gricfe, chrifi\\\mMQyViT dolorum, out of an apprehenfion of 
griefe, did Ivveat \AooA,Marke i4.His foule was heauy to the dcath^and no 
Im^Z^fco forrow was like vnto his.Cr^^^ confil.2 iMb,2, giucs infiance in one that was 
^ confenejco fo melancholy by reafon of griefe; and MontAnm confil. 30- in a nobJc ma- 
mlmA ^^^"^^ ^ '^^^ ^^^"^^ 'f*^'' mifchiefe, /. 5. D. in Hildejheim fully 

macritudmc. Cured a patient of his, that was much troubled with meIanchoIy,and/or ma- 
Timtm. „y ycares,' but afterwards by a little occafton ef for row.he fell into his former 
tm&7uTmfisandwastor Examples a-e common , how it caufeth 

a irijiitti (ok. rnelancholy3defpcration,and fometimes death - r felfe, for ( Ecclus, ^S,i'),)Of 
mf'd^m ^^^»i^^ff^ f^o^^^ ^^"^^^ worldly forrow cmfeth cieath^X.or.^.icVfah^iAo, 
ilnchiia^Zl'- My life is wafledwith hHttineffe^mdmine yearts with mourmr)gy\'hy was 
re animi poftea Hetuba faid to be tumed to a Dogge? Niobe into a ftone? but thai for griefe 
Z'^fyi^llomu flie was fenfeleflTc and ftupid. Seuerm the Empcrour ^ died for griefe 3 and 
inc'idit, how ^ many my riads bcfides. 

I'et^' '^^"^^ ^fi feritas^tanta eft infania lucius, 

'I'm^Sabm'Z Mefan^hon giucs a xcsi^on of It, " the gathering of much melancholy blood 
Ovid. about the hearty v^h'tch co\k5iionextingui^eth the good fiir its ^ or at lea ft 
\^m^mmagii ^hemjorrow Hrikes the hearty makes it tremble and pine away^ with 

quam merbo great paine: And the blacke blood drawne from the Spleene^and diffufed vnder 
confumptm eft. ffjg ri^ys^onthe left ftde^ makes thofe perilous hypocondriacall convdfions 
atribiiarm obijt whtch happen to them that are troubled with Sorrow. 

eafishiH.&c.nmeflitkctt (ptaftpercuffum ednftrhgltnYy tremit& languefcit cum acri fenfu dohyis.lntnftim mfngtens au 
trahit ex Splent lentum bummm melaacholicttmy qui tjfufmfub coflU infmijlro latere h^^mdr'moi fiatm (mty quod[xpe accU 
ditiisquidiHtHrnacm&mefiitiit mjliiiantur, MtlaM^ihon. 

S V B S B C. 5. 

Fe^re a ciufe. 

Ofcn germanto Sorrow is Feare^ or rather a fi^kr5j?^<^ Achates^ 
' and continuall companion, anafTiftant and a principail agent in 
_ \ procuring of this mifchicfc; a caufe and fymptome as the other. 
© Li6.3.A».4 ^"^^^ Inawordaso^/>^/7oftheH4r/'/^'J,ImayiurtIy fay of them both, 
^dfddeamfacra TriHius baud illis monftrum^ nec f<x.vior ulla 

rZtvtbon/m ' P^fti^ & tra Deum ftygOs fefe extulit vndis. 

mnttm cmee- A fadder monfter, or more cruell plague fb fell , 

^Am^Au^l vcBgeancc of the Gods, ne'rc came from S ty x or Hell, 

q Li&iuGirald. This fowlc fiend otfearc was worfhipped heretofore as a God by the La- 
syntagA.de dik ced^monians^ and mofl of thofe other torturing P aflfedions, and fo was fbr- 
Tc^icadiiUn, TOW amongft thc reft, vnder the name oi^ngerona Dea^ they fiood in ftich 
ftmfuntdiiu awc oi them, US Auftindeciuitat. Dei lib. ^. cap, noteth out of Varro^ 
^*^J^jJ^ Fcare was commonly q adored and painted in their Temples with a Lions 
ceilo i^olupM head; and as Macrobias records Lio^Saturnalium-^ ^ in the Calends of lanu- 
jacra facimty Anger ona had her holiday , to whom in the T smple of rolupia Goddejfe 
ZhiifXltu^ ofpleafure^ their Augures and Bifhops did year elyfacrifice-^ that being propi- 
dines ffropitiata f'^gus to thsm-, flje might expcU all cares^anguifh^ and vexation of the mindt 

proptUat. . ' 

Parc.i.Scd.z Perturbations of the minde Memb. 3.Sub(.5.' 

fir thatycAre fiHorvi/igM^^y lamentable efteds this Fcare caufeth in men, ^ i 
as to be red, pale, tremble, Ivvcat/ it makes fuddcn cold and heat to come ^ , 
oner all the body, palpitation of the heart, Syncope, &c. It amazeth ^^^^y /^'Jl^^JrlT^ 
men that are to (peakc, or fhew themfelues in publikc alicmblies , or before paipita(mei», 
fome great Perfonages,as r«//y confeflcth of himfelfc that he trembled ft'll J!f''^^|^f^'" 
at the beginning of his fpeechj and Demo/lhenes that great Orator of Greece Agrippa[Tb'. i. 
hdoitPhilfppm; It confounds voice and memory, as Z,«f/4» wittily brings ^3- 
in luftter TrAgeedm^ fo much afraid of his auditory ,\vhen he was to make fS^JI^X, 
a fpeech to the reft of the Gods, that he could not vtter a ready word, but Mmt. 
was compelled to vfe Mercuries hclpe in prompting.Many men are fo '^^'^^-^f^^^^l'am^ 
zed and aftonifhed with feare,thcy knowe not where they are, what they fay, imms^qmmA 
t what they doe, and that which is worft, it tortures them many daies before ^nfiat cor- 
with continual! affrightes and fufpition.lt hinders moft honorable attempts, "^f/^t!*^ '"^^ 
and makes their hearts ake, (ad and heauy. They that liue in feare are neuer u Metus nonfo- 
free, refolute,fecure,ncuer merry, but in continuall paine; that, as ^ wfwomw 
im&j isiid^N utU efi miferU maior quxmrnetus, no greater mifcry, no racke, ani. 
nor torture like vnto it, euer fufpitious,anxious, folicitous,they are childifhly mieme&Ufi. 
drouping, without rea{on,without iudgement,^ e/pecrctailj iffome terrible 
obieii be ojferedj as Plutarch hath it. It caufeth oftentimes fudden madnefle, nucidides. ' 
and almoit all manner of difeafes, as I haue fnfficiently illuftraied in my ^ Di- ^^^J^^^^^ 
grelTion of the force of Imagination, and fhall doe more at large in my fe- Aiexandruv- 
dion of b Terrors.Fearc makes our imagination conceauc what it lift, invites bi^roperti ad- 
theDiuelltocometovs,asc L^r//>/'4 and C4r^4;8 avouch, and tyr^nnizeth^""^'^"^']^*^ 
ouer our Phantafie more then all other affedions , efpeciaUy in the darke. 3. sub(.%. 
We fee this verrified in moft men as ^ Lauater faith, Qu^ metuunt fingunt, ^ Sc<3,z Mem. 
what they feare they concciue and faignevntothemfclues,they thinke they tsUbtiLvib, 
fee Goblins, Haggcs^Diueils, and many times become melancholy thereby . timor atmhit 
Carda/j fubtil-libAS, hath an example of fuch a o ne, fo caufed to be raelan- "^^^ lommi, 
choly (by fight or a bugbeare; all his lite after. Auguflus Ca/ar aum not ut mukuminho- 
in the darke, mji ali^uo apdente, (aith ^ Suetomus,Nunquam tenebris euigi- rmnibmfoffimt, 
Imit, And 'tis ftrange what women and children will conceiue vnto them- \ 'ap, ^fortes 
felues, if they goe ouer a Church-ycard in the night, lye, or be alone in a raio jpeara^l- 
dijrkc roo/nc, how they fvveatand tremble on a fudden. Many men are trou- fj^*'^^*"^* 
bled with future cuentSjfbre-knowIedgc of their fortunes,deftinies,as Seuerus ^yita em. 
the Empcrour, Adrxa;^ and DomitJa^, ^guodfiiret vltimttm vit^e diem fidih g Se£i.z.Mem, 
Suetomus^valdefolicitus^ much tortured in minde becauffihe foreknew his Vl^fjfl^ 
end; with many fuch, ofwhich I (hall Ipcake more opportunely in another vhm. 
place. Anxiety,mercy, pitty,indighation,&c, and fuch fearefuil branches de- ^-^"^^'2^^ 
rkied from the(e two ftemmcs of feare and (brrow, I voluntarily omit^ read ' ^ 
more of them in * Carolm PafcAlm^ Dandims* drc» 

Parr, i .Scd.i, Caujes of Melancholy. Memb.5 .SiibC^J 

S V B S E C, ^. 

ShAme ctneiDifgnce cmfcs, 

Hame and Difgracc cdufe moft violent paffions, & bitter pangsj 
Ob fudorem ^ dedecmpublicum^ob err or em comm'tjfum fape rno^ 
uentur generofiAnimi {Falix PUter lib.^. de alien At, mentU) Ge- 

h ^ui mmm ' neroLis minde s are often moiied with fhainc, to defpairc for fome 

itmam publike difgracc.And he,faith philo libJeprovidiDeiy ^ That fubiecis him-- 
^mamtCu^^^f'^ fofeare^dejire ^griefe, ambition fi)am, is not happ j.'Ut altogether mi/era^ 
ambitmisl pV' blc^^torturedwith conttmallUbouryCare^andmi/ery, It is as forcible a bat- 
doris, feiix nm igj-er as any of the reft: Many men negleci the tumults of the rvorld^ and care 
tii 7dHU glory, andyet they are afraid of infamy /epul/e^ dtfgrAce,{TuLofficMb, 

laboribi^i tor- i,)thcy can jeuerely contemne fleffurejhearegriefe tndifferentlyjyttt they are 
qmuT & mfe- ^^^f^ battered and broke with reproach and obloquy: (Jiquidem K>itA ^ fama 
Tmii ccnum- pAripa/fu ambulant)2\id are ib deiecled many times for fome publike iniury, 
mmdi difgiacejas a box on the eare by their infcriour, to be ouercome of their ad- 
fampronihio "erl'^fy,^oiled in the field, to be out in a fpeech/omc fowle fad committed 
giorim,fedii- or difclofcdj&c. that they dare not come abroad all their liues after^but me- 
mentinfamiam, jancholifc in comcrs, and keepe in holes. The mof^ generous fyims are 
pdifml '""oft fubid to it; Spirit us altos frangit (^genetofos: Hieronymus. C^rifiotle 
Voiupatm fi- becaufe he could not vnderftand the motion of Euri^tu^ for griefe aud fliame 
vef^mcoa- (jj-Q^y J himlelfe: Calius Rodhinus antiquarJecM.iQ ,cap.^. Homer us pudo, 
lore pint moUi- re conjumptus^ was iwallowed vp with this pallion or ihame, becauje he could 
orcs,giommne' vnfoldthe fijhcrmans riddle,Sophocles killed himfclie^ fir that a Tra- 
\T1»fm^, ' g^^^'^e of his was hi fed off the ftage: ralerMaxJib.p • cap,i2. Lucretia ftabbed 
k Gtaum con- hirfelfe, and fo did " Cleopatra , when ^e faw that jhe was referued for a 
tumeiiamfm- fyjumph , to avoid the infamy . t^ntonim x\\c Roman/^ after he was ouer- 
trmtntum, m- come of hts cnimyjor three dates /pace J at {plitary m the j ore part of the \mppe 
abieBon'mis abfiAiningfrom allcompAny.euen of CCeopAtra hirfelfe^ ^ afterwards for 
^Ig^^flruingL'^^ulhame^butchere^ JpoUoniu^ Rhodim P wilU 

1 ^4od pi^io- fully bAnijhed himfelfe^forfaking his country,c^ all his deare friends ^ becaufe 
^verenmp^et. reciting his Poems^ Plinim lib.:j,cap, 2 3 . j^iax ran maddc be- 

va Ob Tramii caiife his armes were adiudged to Vlyfjesln chinA ' tis an ordinary thing for 
am cxptojam fj^jch as are excluded in thofe famous trialls of theirs, or fhould take degrees, 
Toconiwlt'^' fl^ame and griefe to loofe their witts, 4 Mat.Rkciffi,expedit.ad Sinas lib. 
ncum vidkin 3.f4|^.5?.Hi?/?r4/'//i; the Frier,tooke that booke which iR^»c//;2.had wiitagainf^ 
rem^u"c7lra e ^^'^^3^^^^^ "^"^^ Epift.ohfcurorum uirorumjio to hea{ t,thac for fhame 
imigmtZL^ and griefe he made away himfcIfe//(?^'/«^^W^'^^J:. A graue& learned Mi- 
viifnda,mme niflcr, and an ordinary Preacher at eyflcmar in Holland^ was one dayf'as 
fAicmCctmt. hee^^ii^ecl in the fields for his recreation) fuddenlytakcnwithalaskeor 
o Beiio vicfus, loofenefie, and thercvpon compelled to retire to the next ditch - but bcinp 
^^''^"^^j^^^J^ iurpri/edatvnawars, by fome Gentlewomen of his Parifh wandering that 
xL^£lTah vvayjf was fb abafhed, that hee did neuer after fhew his head in . publike, or 

omni covfortio, 

ehamCle'fatya,pofleafeimcr fecit. pCmmlcrecifalfet'Argonautica, ob pudorm exukuit. c[^idam pr<e vmcunVtafi* 
mul& dolorc'minfaniammidunt, eo quod a liter atommgraduinnamne exdudmtur. xHoflratm tuculhtmadenqramtaob 
nuclmlibr(tm,quim(cribiiur, EpifteLe obfcurorum vir(fffm,ddlofe Jimul & pudore fauciatuf^ vt feipfum interfacTit. f Propter 
jHbmmeoTtfufuSiftdi'mcepkdtlirarei&c, obfujpnimmqitodvili ilium criam off ufamtt 


part.i,Sed.2. Em)yy Malice:, Hatred^ caufes, Memb.3. Snbl.j. 

come into the Pulpef, but pined away with Melancholy; (Pet^Forepm 9^ 
med. obfermtJib, io,ob(eruat,i2,) So fliame amongft other paflions can 
play his prize. ' 

I knowe there be many bafe, impudent, bra2en-£iccd roagues , that will ^ nom. 
t A/ tiUApalie/cere cul^a ybc moued with nothing, take no infamy or diigrace^ ^jSff^^' 
to heart, laugh at all: let them be proued periur'd, lligmatizcd, convid w^-fceiellekdicis 
guesjthccuesjtraitorsjoofe their earcs,be whippedjbrandedjCarted, pointed ^f-.^^'^: 
ar,liifled, reviled,& derided with " Ball/o the Baud in Plautus^ they reioice at J/S!'* 
ii^cantores probos:babe ofidBowbaXyWhat care they /"wee haue too many (i\d[\fci£lumo^tim. 

in our times, ExcUmet Meiicem periffe. . ^f-M''''"^'' 

— Frontemderebti^. Pf.pmicida.B, 
Yet a modeft man, one that hath grace, a generous fpitit, tender of his re-^//^^'"-^^ 
putatioHjWill be deepely wounded,and fb greuoufly affected with it, that he ^Tnpt!imeB'^ 
had rather giue myriadcs of crownes, loolc his life, then fuflfer theleaft defa- vtradku. pfi 
mation of honour, or blot in his good name. And if fo be that he cannot a- ^ammffcf^ 
void it3as a Nightingale, qu^cantando viciamoritur, (faitb^ Jt^iza/du^J fme.Pffur,B. 
dies for lliame if another bird fing better, he ianeuifheth and pineth away in ''^f . 
the anguifh ot his Ipint. y,,^ ^0^,;^. 

Vlam[fime,PfJimpure lem^cenum.B cantores probi. Vfekclolus, A£l,i, Sccn,^. x C^f^t ?. ( Pfim> 
S V B S E c T. 7, 

' Nvy and Malice are two linkes of this chainc, and both as CuUne' 
rmTra^.i^.cxp.i.ptoucsoutof Gden^^, Aphorifme, com. 22. 
' y cmfe this mdady by themfelues, efpeciaUy if their bodies be other- 
wife difpofed to ^Melancholy, ' lis Valefcus de Taranta^ and Fee- 
tix Platerm obferuation, ^ emyfo gmvpes many mens hearts , that they be- y ^^''^^ "'-^^.^^ 
come altogether melancholj,Pind ihcvcforebdike Solomon,Pro». 14. 13, calls S/weSi^'^oSl 
it,^^^ rotting of the bones flyprian^ vulnus occult nmi^ »»» « mdaw. ho^ 

' ^ Stcnli non inuenere tyranni itm midtffe: 

& tlloi potiJjt>- 

Matus torment urn ^ mum quorum 

the Sicilian tyrants neuer inuented the like torment. It crucifies their (bules, ^^'^P^'^'^ '^^ ^^'^ 
withers their bodies, makes them hollow-ey'd,^' pale , leane , and gaflly to ^'imidfa affli- 
btho\djCyprian/er,2,dezeloc^liuore,c ^sa Moth gnaives a garment ^{o^v^ homines^ 
fai th Chryfoftome^ doth envy confume a man: to be a liuing Anatomy; a She- tcvfhimlka- 
leton^to be a leane and^pale carcajfe^quickned with a ^ fiend^Hall in characl . cbkid pmtm 
For Co often as an enuious wretch fees another man profper,to be enriched, P""^- 
to rhriue and be fortunate in the world, to get honoiirs,offices3 or the like, b His'vtthits 

hee repines and gricucs. ^ intabefcit^ videndo 

. Succcffushom,mm,--~f«ffiiciumi(uumefi-. i^^ft^ffi 
He tortures himfelfe if his equalI,friend,neighbour be preferred, commen- ^rewo^ ^-irfor 
ded; doe well: ifhe vnderfland of it,it caules him afrelli, &: no greater paine 
can come to nun, then to neare or another mans well doing, cis a dagger at vr^mtn- 


etim,qui r(elaturyConfutfiUi ^PaUot iaorefedet, tmiesincorpmtm.Vufqum re^laatmjliumtrubi^medcntcs.^ Diabo^ 
Ue^puffalma^o^munchamatiSiVenemm amicittey abpjfus mentis, ficn eft so mn(trQfm Tfnn^rm^ dmmfm dmrnmi 
vrltjtorreh di[em'ut masie & Cqydore mficU, Auflin. Domin.prm, Advent ^ Ovid, 


Part. I , Sed.i, Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmb. 3 .Subf 7. 

514 his heart eiicry fuch obiedl.He lookes at him, as they that fell downc in 

cmm rockc of honoiir^with an ennious eyCjand will damage himfclfe to dpe 
another A\\\\k\ndQ: cadet fub'tto^dum fuper hojie cadat, Ashe did in 
c/fi/f'/^'jlooreoneeye willingly, that his fellow might loofeboth, or that 
\DeelmM. rich man ifi * Quint ilian that poyfoned the flowers in his garden , becaufc 
^ZlMrmU "eighbours bees Hiould get no more hony from rhem. His whole life is 
Z venennm forro w,and ciicry word he fpeaks a Satyre^ nothing fats him but other mens 
meU^comerters ruines.For to fpeake in a word, Eniiy is naught elfe but Triflitia de bonis ali^ 
Va^mcZlm. ^^^i fon'ow for Other mens good be it prefent,paft, or to comt:& gaudium 

paraty qui lique- 

deadverJjs^Sc 8 ioy at their harmes, oppofite to mercy, ^ which grieues at 
£ fofP'Tx ^^^^^ """^"^ mirchances,and mifaffeds the body in another kinde; fo Damaf- 
alHgatiderJ& cen Mnts.'it Jib. 2. de Or thod.fid.Thomos ' i.queft.-i^e, art i, Ariftotle iib.2. 
omantur. Mu- Rhet.cap.^.^ iQ.pUto Fhilebo^TuUy s,T n[c'Gr€g.Nic.liib.devirt.animacap. 
m£i%ldsnt I2.^4t//. delnutdil Vindarm Od,i.fer,^. and we finde k true. Tis a com- 
amxna juaie- mon difcafc and almoft naturall to vs, as » T icitus holds , to envy another 
rS t'*^iif ^^^^"^ profperity. And 'tis in moft men an incurable d\(t3i(cyihaue readfokh 
ricordlaetlm' Marcfis Aurelim^Gteeke^Hebrevp^ Chalde Authors , ihaue confulted with 
qua triftitk qu£ many wife menjor a remedy for emy, I could finde none^ but to renounce all 
n^erfntlsm- hapfincjfe^andto be a wretch and mifer able for euer, Tis the beginning of 
pm malt officii, hell in this life, and a pallion not to be excufed. ^ Euery other finne hathfome 
P^^^fi^^^^^^^^^ ^^/^ admit of m excufe^envj alone wAnts both. Other 
mrtaiibia a na. fii^nes lafl but for 0, while ^the gut may be fat is fied.anger remits^ hatred hath 
iura recentm an end^enuy neuerfeafeth.Qardan lib, i ,de fap.D'mine and humane examples 
^m^^fu^ocuiis ^^^y ^^rni^i^r, you may runne and read them, as that of Saul and Dauid, • 
wucrijnfiMb, Cain and Abel^angebat ilium non proprium peccatftm^Jedfratris proJperitaSy 
kLefchaUm ^^^^ Theodoret^ it was his brothers good fortune gauled him.i?4f ^^'/enuied 
GrxcofyHebr*. bd' fifter, being barren, 30. Jc/ephs brethren him , Cen.T^^.Dauid had a 
ot,mfuiui fapi. touch of this vicc,as he confefleth " Pfal.'^'/J^ Jeremy and ° Habbakkuk, they 
aolnviJ^To'c repif^ed at others good, but in the end they corrected themfelues. Pfal.y^, 
enimmem, re- fret not thyfelfe^^c- Domitian Ipited Agrtcola for his worth, P that a pnuate 
'uT&^ffem f^^^^'^ much glorified.^ Cecinna was enuied of his fellow citnzens, 
m'fsr'efeT^'*^ becaule he was more richly adorned. But of all others, women are moft 
1 Omnepeccaw weakc, ob pulchritudtnem inuids funt femina ( Mufkus) aut amaty aut edit^ 
%umhlhct!aut "^^^^^^ tertmm(Granatcnfis.)They loue or hate,no medium amongft them. 
voiuptatem,fula implacabiles plerum^ Ufe mulieres , y^grippa like , a woman if [he fee her 
invidia vtraq^ neighbour more neat or elegant^ritcher in tires^ lewelSyOr appareU^ is enraged, 
vitk finmL. ''^^ ^^^'^ ^ Lioneffefets vpon her husband^railes at her jcoffes at her, and can- 
bentyira defer, not abide herSo thc Roman Ladies in Tacit^ did at SaloninaCecinnaswifc^ 
7(urldtJf' '^^^^^/^ 1^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^^ horfe,andbetter furniture, M if [he hadhurte them 
nmhxhtuinttt- With it. they were muchoffended:\\\\kz{oix. our gentlewomen doe at their 
(Hamnqnam vfuall meetings, one repines or fcolfes at anothers brauery and happinefle. 
m'&atme, -^^'T^-^'^an /f/^/c^?wench, wasmurtheredofhcrfellowes, » becaufe [he did 
4(muUuio prop, excell the refl in beauty fionfintine Agricult lib, 1 1 .capq» Euery Village will 
terftiiim. yeeldfuch examples. 

o Hab. T, 

p invid'apTmtinomnrHprafrmipUmoUi.<\'Tmt, W^.lift.t, pm.6.zT*mm<edolore &lnvldiaj f quern vidermtorU' 
imem:(e in pub'icm proiiife.PlatmdiUammm. i Ant. Gukneriui lib.x.6ap.%.v\t, M. Aurtly.fjsmmsvicinam elegantitU 
feveTttmvidentle^Tuti'ifiirinvwurninfui^it. &c. t^idinftgni eqi*i& oftroveh'retur,quanquammllmcHm imriaor" 
natmilUmunqHxml<cftirAvabmw,v^^dpHkhriludMZ omm execlkretypuclU tadignatx occiderunt, 


Parc.i.i'cd:.!. Emulation^Hatred^^c^ 

S V B S £ C T, 8. 

^ij^muUtwn, Hatred^ FaSiton^ Dejire 
of revenge J caufes, 

Vt of this root of Envy , x fpring thofe feral! branches of fadion, 
hatred,liuor3Cmulation,vvhich caufe the like grieuances , and are, ^ j^^^^^^^^ 

firrs afiim^^thc fawcs of the (ouh^^ conJler»at'iomspleniajfeclm,vidutfcecmL 
' affections full of defperate amazement: or as Cyprian ddcribes 
cmiilation,it is y a moth cf the Joule ^a, confumption.to make another mans hap- Im^mhrl'm!' 
pinejfe hismjery-fo tortute^crucijie , a^id execute himfelfe , to eat^hisovone^ fomciadiumjn. 
heart. Meat and drinke can doefuch men nogood^they doe alrv^iesgrieusjigh '^^^mWil^c^^^v 
and groane ^day andmght vpithout tntermipon , their breaH is tome afmden an.f.T.z^:de 
and a little after, ^ Whofoeuer he is^vchomthou dofi emulate and envy , he may . 
avoid theejput thou eanjl neither avoid him , nor thyfelfe : wherefoeuer thou l^^^^'"^ ^^'^ 
artyhe is with thee^thine en 'tmie is ever in thy breH , thy deJlruBton is within y ^laik efl a- 
thee^thou art a c apt iue, hound hand and foot^ as long as thou art malitiom^ and ^I2ll^7alm^ 
envious yO-ndcanfl not be comforted. It was the Divels overthrowe : & when- -i^ure in aiwo, 
fbeuer thou art throughly aifcded with this pafifion , it will be thine. Yet no aiwrumfe^ 
p«tutbation,nopair,onfo common. ^ 

Kcti Til^ci^f ^o,ycf <^^n» iL MQ-doiJ^. pefhrifuoad- 
" ^ ^ mmrecamfl- 

A P^-tter emulates a Potter, ces,mknimi^ 
One Smith enuies another : bm&pnfibta 
A begger emulates a begger, tomm, quife 

A firiging man his brother. intedim cruci- 

Every rociety,corporation,and private family is full of it,it takes hold almoft tSmZC' 
of all forts of men, from the Prince to the Ploughilian , euen amongil Go(^ bus Utm , m 
fips it is to be feene; (carce three in a company , but there is Tiding, fadion, fJJ^^JI^jf/^f* 
emulation betwixt two of them,fome fimulta^^ jarre, private grudge, heart- ^marfmpey S' 
burning in the midft of them; Scarce two Gentlemen dwell together in theS''»'''«'''«^^''- 
Count^y,but there is emulation betwixt them and their fervants, fome quar- aafpe^^tfi' 


rell or fome grudge betwixt their wiues or children , friends , and fellowers, mtemiifmsU 
fome contention about wealth,gentry5precedcncy, &c. by meancs of which, ''^''^'"'J: . 
liketIiatFroggeint> cy^^i'^ ^that wou^djwell till fhe^ wasasbiggeas an uu^umJL 

outbrauc one another, they will tire their bodies, iiiacerate their foulcs, awci^"^"'^-'''^'^'''^- 
beggar themfelu^s. Scarce two great fchollers in an age., with bitten in- [^Iho^l TmT 
veSiues they fall fowle one on the other , and their adherents i$coti/ls^ T^.-hoJcmpnin pcaa» 
mip,Reals^Nominals,Platoand ^rifiotlefiaknip and ^mcelfiansM:,^ ic f'P^^' 
holds in all proreiiions. . v - ■. ' . 'r\ :\ '.pijig^tuses^ ' - 

Honeft c emulation in ftudies,in all callings is not to be diflikcd, 'ti<j if^gc- '^'!'^'^'\'iode*, 
niorum cos^s oxiQ calls it, the whetftone of wit , the uurfe of wit and vakniir v^iTmfZ 

. .. r • . J » ' ' . tiblvlh jubvQ- 

vmt: h'mc dlabolus met miaflatim mwtdt^ perlu pnmui,& perdldi\Cyprian.ftr.x.de ■^eh&livore^ a iteftodM Am. b R*. 
naeitpida<equ(i?tdibovemtfediflendebat,&c, c^mlatifxiiitygem-.FateTCitlitspoJltrvol, 

N . and 

Part.i.Scdl.i, Caufes of Melancholy. Memb.j. SubC^. 

8 6 and thofcnobic Romans out of this fpirii did braae cxpIoits.Thcrc is a mo • 
deft ambition^as Themiftodes was rowfed vp with the glory of MiltUdes^ 
. trophies moucd AlexAftdert 

* Amhtre femper Jfulta confident/ a efl, 
^^^rttmEfig. AmyirenunquamdefesarrogAntiaeJ}, 
' * 'i£ a fluggifh humour not to emulate or to fue at all, to withdrawe himfelfr, 
iieglectjrefrainefi'omruch places^honours, offices, through (loth, niggardli- 
neile,fejire,bafl]fulnefle, oi btherwife, to v/hich by his birth, place, fortunes^ 
education he is called^aptjfitjand well able to vndergoe,but when it is immo- 
derate,it is a plague and a miferable paine. What a deale of mony did Hejtm 
1 ry the 8 A Francu the firft king oi France Spend at that ^ famous interview? 

betwixt Atdcs and how many vaine Courtiers, leeking each to outbraue other , fpent them- 
and Quinc. feliics,their Iiuelyhood,and fortunes,and died beggats, « Adrtan the Empc- 
c fxtuan, ^^.^^ galled with it,that he killed all his equals; fo did Nero.,Vc\\s paf^ 
f^lumh. m^dc f Dionyfim the Ty rant^banifh ?/4rc' and Fhiloxenm the Poet , bc- 

caufe they did excel l,and eclipfe his gIory,as he thought ; The Romans exile 
Coriolanm^ cohfine Camdit^^ murder Sclpio-^ The Grcekes by Oflracifme to 
expell Ariftfdes ^Nicias^^^ lcihiades^\mipx\{^on Thejeus^n^i:. xwxy Phochxf^ 
drc. When Richard the firft, and Phdip of France^ were fellow fouldicrs to- 
gether ^at the (iegc o^Achon in the Holy land , and Richard had approucd 
himfelfe to be the more valiant n:ian,infomuch that all mens eyes were vpoii 
g uhannesiie' him , it fo galled Philsp , Francum vrehat RegU viSioria, , faith mine g Au- 
^v^dt feill ra agreferre Richardi gloriam vt earpere^ dicta , calumniari fa^ai 

I-. c oiAc. jj^,^^ cauilled at all his proceedings ,and fell at length to open defiance, he 
could contalnc no longer,buthafting homc,inuaded his territories,and pro" 
h T^iia dies f^l^^d opcn warre. Hatred flir res vp content ietifProv. ro. 1 2. and they breakc 
tanmmpatm out at laft into immortall enmity jinto virulency ,& more then ratinian hate 
AnrJaZiu' ragCjthey perfecute each other ,their friends, foIIowers,and all their po- 
face {ubiata ge- fterity,with bitter taunts, hoftile warrcs,fcurrile invediues, libels, calumnies, 
'iTat odium ^^^j^^^^^?^"^ Iike,and will not be reconciled, i Witnefle that Guelfe and 
anteinv^umefi ^^^^/ine fadlion in /tafy: that of the Adurni and Frego/i in Genoa : that of 
dejinit^quamep. Cneius PapitimyAnd Quint fts Fabius in Rome: Cdfar and Pompey: Orleans & 
«£/ ^^^g^^^^y i'l France-. T orke and Lancafter in England : Yea this pafTion fo 
i itafauit l<tc ^ rageth many tiines,that it fubverts not men only, and families, but euen po- 
^^Tr'f P"^o"s Cftties, * Carthage and Corinth can witnefic as much , nay flourifh- 
lauiiquandT,' "^g kingdomes are brought into a wildcrncfle by it. This hatred j malice, fe* 
tieieat popuioi, (5lion,and defire of revcnge,invcnted firft all thofe rackcs and whccles, fkap* 
quifi^^^^^^^ padoes,brafen bulIs,fcralIengins,prifons,inquifitions, fcuere lawes to mace* 
latinfeiitudinei, f^te and tormcut one another. How happy might we bee , and end our time 
mortaiei 'veto with bleflcd daics,and fweet content, if wc could containe our felues , and as 
fiT'm^fria- oug^tto doe,put vp iniurics,Iearne humility,meekncfre,patiencc, forget 
rum vaikmife- itid forgiuc,as in ^ Gods word we are inioyncdj compofc fuch finall contro- 
Mter unmer- yerfics amongft our (elucs,moderate our pafTions in this kindc , and thinker 
KaHhago tm. l^^^^^^ ^ Other s^zs, 1 />4«/ would haue vs^fhen of our felues x le of like affe^ion 
u Romani im- one tovpardi another^and not (Lvenge our felues , but haue peace vpith all men, 
iaZiufabl b^^og ^^^^ WC are fo pecuifli and pervcrfcinfolent and proud, fo fadious 
catiL and feditious,fo maiitious and envious; wc doc invtcem angariare^isdSs, and 
/Rom u anothcr,torturc, difcjuict , and precipitate our felues into that gulfe 


Part,i,5'e(a:.ir. Jngcracaujc Memb.5.Subi^p; 

qFwocs and cares^aggravate our mifery^and melancholy, heapc vpon vs hell ^7 
and cternall damnation. 

SvBSBCT. $, 

^nger acAufe^ 

Nger, a perturbation , which carries the fpirits outwardSjprcpa- 
ring the body to melancholy ^and madnelle it (elfe ; Ir a furor bre. 
vis efi: and as ^ piccolomtnem accounts it one of the three moft m Gral i.c.f4 
violent pafllons, " Areteus lets ic downe for an elpeciall caule ( fo " ^r<i&mxor, 
doth Seneca <?/>. i8.//^.i.)of this malady. ^ ^agnims giues the reafon ^ ex t^^urM^om- 
^requentt if a fnpra modnm cdefiurtt^w ouer-heats their bodies , and if it bee imho!icci%' 
two frequenr,u breakcs out into manifeft madneflcj faith S. K^mbrofe, 'Tis J'^*- f^^i^ 
a knovvne fay ingj/wror jit Ufd fapus fAtientU^^t moft patient fpirit that is, m^^rmm. 
if he be often prouokcd,will be incenlcd to madnefle, it will make a Divell of oReg.faHit.par' 
a Samt. And therefore BaJilhdikQ in his Ho2iiily /rijcalls it tenebras ^^^^fatlZ'lnf^n^ 
tionis^morbum anim£^(^ damoncmfe^imum : the darkning of our vnder- mxdmturita. 
ftanding and abad angell.P LucUnm Abdscato^To, i.wHihiiuc this pa(lion to '"^.y^^^^^^^ 
worke hisefi[ecl,efpecially in old men and woiTLiCviya^ger and CAluntny ( faith \ato interpret. 
hc)troubk them at fir^^and after a while breake out into open mAdneffeimany ^«^^« & p*- 
thinq^s caufe fury in women ^ejpecially if they lone or hate overmuch , or envy, ^Ij^'^^turl^'m'^ 
he much grieuedyOr angry : thefe things by little and little lead them onto tmfmiam fecit i& 
maladie. From a difpofition they proceed to an habit , for there is no diffe- j^^ilTc" ' 
rcnce betwixt a mad man,and an angry man,in the time of his fit ; Anger,as ferimbltA' 
LacfantfUi defcribes kjikde ira Dei ad Donatum^cap, 5 . is *1 f^ua animi tern- eimm^pauia- 
pejtasy drc, a crucll tempeil of the minde, making his eyes fparke firec^ ftare^ 'flnkm%'frro' 
his teeth gna^ in his headjhis tongue flutter JhisfAce pale^or red,And what more mnlUrm cor- 
filthie imitation can be of a mad man, P^^" ^"-^^^^ 

* Ora tument tra,ntgrefcuntfangutne ven^^ 
Lumina Gorgonio Jaums angue micant. aMucmt ypta- 

They are void ofreafbuyinexorable^blinde, like beafts and monflers for the 2"!"^/*^^ 
time,fay and doe they knovve not ivhat^curfe^fweare, ray le, fight, and what deant.&c.Lc' 
not? How can a mad man doc more? as he faid in the Comedy , ^ Iracundia pMktim in in^ 
non fum apud mcyl am not mine owne man . If thefe fits be immoderate, con- ^eva^J'^^^"* 
tinueIong,or be frequent^without doubt they prouoke madnefle. Montanm q sava'an'mi 
confi/,2i.had a melancholy lew to his patient,he afcribes this for a principall ^^'»^J^'«y'»»f« 
cauCcJra/cebatur lev/bus de caujis, he was eafily moiied to anger. Cytfiax had itnnm axdef' 
no other beginning of his madnefle- and Charles the (5.that Lunatick French cmocuU.os 
King,fel into this mifery,out of the extremity of his paflion,defire of revenge I[2f!'lS2I« 
and malice,*^ incenfed againft the Duke ol Britaine , hec could neither ear, coufcpam &c, 
drinke^nor fleepe for fome daies together,and in the end about the Calends * ^ 
of luly i3925he became mad vpon his horfe backe , drawing his fword, flri- tii^enfusBri- 
Icing fuch as caine neere him promifcuoufly, and fo continued all the daies,of tanma ouci^^ 
his lik^t^m/ljib. i o Gal.hiJl,zyEgefippus de excid.vrbis liieref.lib.\.cap. 3 7 
hath fuch a f^ory of Berod^ chat out of an angry fit , became mad , " leaping cipit^mc quit. 
Otic of his bed,he killed lojippus /and plaied many fuch Bedlam prankes , the ^'J^^j^^^^^'^ 

(omitesocdctit^c, u fn^igmtmeamia fmem^ni% 'm^Qtens,e)dliUele U^Q^fumitm non cambat aula^^ 

N 2 whok * ' ' 

P^rt. i.Sea.!. Caufes of Melancholy, Mcmb.5.vS'ubfio 

88 whole Court could not rule him /or a long time after: fometiraes he was fo- 
ry and repented ,much grieued for that he had done , by and by outragious 
againe. In hot cholericke bodies,nothing fo (bone caufeth madncffe , as this 
pallion of Anger,be(ides many other d&aks , as Pelefius obfcrues, cxp, 2 1 . 
X An trapefu lib^i.de hum, affe5i. caufis ; fanguinem imminuit^feUuget : and as ^ Vdefius 
hmmm inter- contvoi\cns^j»ed.co»frovMk'S.cor/tr0.S,manY times kills them quite out. If 
yAbcrncthy this were the \vod\ of this paflrion,it were more tolerable , y l^uf it ruints dnd 
zAs 'Xxoy. f^e-yuycuertsvphole torpnes^ cittiesfimilies and kingdomes ; NttUapeJlis hum aw 

]tmlu7bZm,i^^'^^^ f^^^^ P^^^ •> ^^"^ ^^^'^^^ ^^'^ Prague hath done mankinde 

a Stuitorumre' fo much harme. Looke into our hiftories,and you fhall almoO meet with no 
gum & papula- other fubied, but what a ^ company of hare-braincs haue done in their rage. 

Wee may doe well therefore,to put this in our procelTion amongft the reft; 
From all bltndmjfe of heart /rom pride ^vAtfue-glory^andhypocriJie^fhrn envvy 
hatred anci malice ^anger , andaafmh pejirferom perturhatiom , good Lord de- 
liver vs, 

S V B s H c T. 10, 

DifevntentSj Cares, Miferies^ (^c. caufes, 

IfcontentSjCareSjCrofles, miferies ^ or whatfoeuer i? is, that fhall 
caufe any moleftation of fpirits , gricfe, anguifh , and perplexity, 

may well be reduced to this head , ('prepofteroufly placed here in 

iwfi^' eS do- ^^^^^ fome mens iudgements they may feeme) yet in that ^^riftotle in 
Ur &ambitio his ^ Rhetor icke defines thefe cares,as he doth Envy , Emulation , &c. ftill by 
4 dsior , &c. griefc,! thinke I may well ranke them in this Irafcible row ; being that ihey 
ciSS. 3re as the reft , both caufes and Symptomcs of this Difeale , producing the 
Ttifies Virg. like inconucniences,and are moft part accompanied with anguifli and paine, 
EduesHw*"' '^^^ common Etymology will evince it, Cura quaflcor vro, Dementes cur<e^ 
mcep'amam infomrtes cur^ydamnoft cur Aytrifies^mor daces ^carnifices^^d'c . biting, eating, 
OvidJamofa, gnawing,cruell,bitier,fick,fad, vnquiet, pale, tetncke, miferable, intollerablc 
Vmtesmen- ^^tcs , as the ^ Poets call them , worldly cares,and are as many in number as 
teiymanu &6. the Sca fands. « Galefi,Fernelius,Felix Platter^ Valefcm de T iranta.drc rec- 
^^^TioeUaff ^^">^ff^^*^ ^ns,miferies,eucn all thefe contentions,& vexations of the minde, 
mMnim as principall caufes,in that they take away fleepe, hinder covicodion , dry vp 
fmt maxime the body ,and confume the fubflancc of it. They are not fo many in number, 
^uSvi^iiii ^^^^^ caufes be as diuerfe, and not one of a thoufand free from them , or 

that can vindicate himfelfe,whom that Ate dea, 
/' &oW?'^***w t Per homittum capita molUter amhuUns^ 

rit %rinTcu^ PUnt^ pedum teneras haberts: 

tmvtnti. Over mens heads walking aloft, 

J^^'^'*' With tender feet treading fo foft, 

c Omnia im^er» Homers Goddefle (^//?,hath not involved into this difcontented ranke , or 
fcHi^onfuia^t plagued with fome mifery or other* A gencrall caufe, a continuate caufe , an 
%mJaiAtH. infeparable accident to all men,is difcontentjCare, mi(ery 5 were there no o- 
ther particular afflidion ( which who is free from ? ) to moleft a man in this 
life,the very cogitation of that common mifery , were enoue,h to macerate, 
and make him weary of his life; to ihinke that he can neuer be fecure, but ftill 


Pare. i.Se6t.2 DifcontentSjCareS:,^c, , Memb.5 . Subf.i o 

in danger /orrowjgriefejand perfecution. For to bcginne at thar houie of his Sp 

birth,as ^ P/i»y doth elegantly defcribc it^he it borne nah^ , andfals g a iivhi- 

n'mg^Mthe very (irfiJoeUfvpAdU^And^boHndvplike aprtfoner ^cunnothelpe^ ^^Ki^t hiji 
1 } ir ir 1 ■ I t y 1 . • • capi.htmnem 

hmjelje^mdjfj he co/jttnues to hts Imes ena. To a naked marriner Lucrettm mdim,&ai 

compares him,cal\ on fhore by fhipwrackCjCold and comfortlefle in an vn- 

knowne land. No cftatCjagc/exe , can fecarc himfelfe from this common mi- nfui^^Xvinili 

fery. A mm that ii borne of a, womanM ofjhort contimmce , and full of trou- tacet,&c. 

blejob.i^i .'uer(.i2.andvphile his flejhis vpon himjhe^allbeforrorofull^and'^.^'^-'f'''^"'^'^' 

while hii foule is m him^it fhali mourne, Allhu dayes are farrow^ and his tra- ^T/ins^KcH' 

vslsgriefesjoii heart aljo taketh not reji in the night, Eccler.2.23. And cap, 2. '^"'^y^oi ''"'Sp- 

1 1, all that 14 in it is forrovo and vexation of (pint, ^ Jngrejfe ^progreffe , re- "^v^^^^oV- 

greffe ^egreffe ^fhuch alike ^blindneffe feazeth on vs in the beginningjabo ur in xg^'i, L cbrymai 

the middle , ^riefe in the end , errour in all. what day arifeth to vs,Tvithout ''"^if^ff*m,& 
^ r n 1 ^ r r j i r i lachrmm mo- 

jomegrtefe or care^angm]b^or -what jo^ecure^and pleajing a morning haue wee yioy^ - 

feene.that hath not beene overcafl before the evening > One is miferablcjano- 1 b oetfims. 

man is ridicuIous,a third odious. One complaines of this grieuance,another J],^ '^'"J^^JJ^ 

of that, t JIuic cenfus exuberat^fed ejl pudori degener fanguis (^c He is rich lahor, e'xitumy 

but bafe borne^he is noble but poorCja third hath meaoes but he w^ants health ^".^'^'^^ ^'"'^^ "^^ ' 

peraduenturCjOr wit to manage his eilate,children vex one,wife a fecondj&c quiiilm^u^o^ 

nemo facite cum conditionefHo, concordat^ no man is pleafed with his forcunc, ? 0* /•j^^- 

but i every where danger, contention, anxiety in all places ; goe where thou ^-^^^f'^;^^^ J^"' 

wilt^and thou fhalt finde difcontents,cares, woes, complaints, ficknefle, dil- mm ? vtmnK 

ealeSjinciimbranceSjexcIamations.- If thou looke into the market there ffaith '^^^^jim»iti, 

t Chryfoflome)is bravpltng and contention-^ if to the Court , there knauery and ^^!J,^^t'wif«* 

flattery jd^c, if to a private mans houfe ^there's carke and care Jjeavinejfe, ^c. hucambmqm- 

as h e laid of old, ^ Nil homine in terra Jpirat miferum magis alma: Tifit^s^ 

No creature fo mi(crable as man,lo generally molefted J in miferies of body ^ + iim'.\o. Si h 

in miferies of minde, ^miferies of heart ^in miferies afleepjn miferies awake Jn 

miferies where foeuer he turnes^SiS "Bernard found, Nunc^uid tent at to ejl vita jj^i^f^ff^"^hi 

humana fuper terram} A meere temptation is our life ( Juflin.confe(f,lib. 10. fraus^ adu:am\ 

cap.2^,)catena perpetuorum malorum, ^ q»i4 potefl moleflias difficult at es ^^^j^^"^" 

pati? Who can endure the miferies of it }\ In pfofperity,^ we are infolent and k Hcmr, ' 

intolerable,deie^ed in adverfiy^in all fortunes foolifh and m/ferable, In ad- 1 •^luU^ r'ple- 

verjitte I w/fh for profperity and in prof per ity I am afraid ofadverfity^ what 'J*-^ ^^^p^^J^''^"-. 

mediocrity may be fdu.^d ? where is no temptation ? What condition of life is (erU$,anmimU 

free? " Wtfdojne hath labour annejiedto it'^glory envy'^ riches and cares ^ chil- ^^ff^'f"'^ ^f- 

drcnandincumhrances^pleafure anddifeafes, rest and beggery goe together : iat,quocunql% 

as if a man were therefore borne f?^^ the Pktonifts ho\<^)to be puni^oedin this ^-^'tu. ufufq, 

life for fome precedent finnes. Or that,as ^ ?liny complaines. Nature may bee 11'^'^ 

rather accompted a fiepmother^then a mother vnto vSy all things conjidered: f irlbiandieme 

no creatures Itfefo brittle Jb full of fearefb madfo furiousi^ only man is plagued ("'^^J*^^^^"^'^- , 

"With envy,difcontent ^rtefes ^couetoufnes^ambition fuperflition. Our whole tatibuiiagubies 

lifeis an/r//]bSea,wherein there is naught to be exped:ed buttempcftuous/f«/wr /Mi ei/« 

ftormes,and ttoublcfomc waues.and thofe infinite, mrm,Caydan. 

advey/.s dcjide- 

10,^ advtrfi profpntk umse.quii inter h<ec milus lom.vhi non fit hurK^f/t vifa tentatio. n f at dan. canCoL SaiyieHue labor 
anncxuiy?hyi<eiHvidiaJnjit'nuur<ef{oholifi^lktti(^o,v^^ morbi,quiei\paupertai,vt qis^f luccdorumCcelerumcaufanafciho- 
nanm poiJis^aim Platonijlii agnojcere. o Lib.y.cap. i . Non fntis t^imafe, an mltar p.ireKi natura humniyan lu^iot jttvercafw 
erUinkiifi^gillQ/ v'najpavoijConfHfiOfrabksmafWiVru ammmmvtafnlnm data,l(itiusjaiantta, vnifuptiftuie. 

N 3 ]T4ntum 

Parcel. Se(a.2, Caujes of Melancholy. Memb.3.SLibC6', 

100 1 7* a/ifum ma/drum pelagus ^fpicie^ 

\ Emptdes. fi^ ^^^^ enatAndi copia, 

P De coafobib. no HalcyonUn times,wherein no man can hold himfelfc fecurc,or agree fvith 
a. Nemj facile ^[-^^^ prefent eftatc; but as Boethm inferres.P there is (omething in every one^ 
fm concordat, ojvs.rphich before trUU rve feeke , and hdumg tryed, ^horre : q Vl- ee eArneJUy 
ineft jtngHiu^ w/fh^and eiigerly covet ^md are eftfoones weary of it. Thus betwixt hope and 
pTtMtTexpeai ^'are/ufpitionSjangers, ^ inter f^em^^^metum^timores inter &iras, 
hammu. betwixt fallings in,faIJings oiit,8ic.wc lead a contcntioiis^difcontent^ tumtil- 
wvf 'mxZ' ^"^"s,mcIancholy,niiferable life. 

'^"^ I" 3 wordjChe world it felfc i s a maze,a labyrinth of errors , a dcfcrr^a wil. 
r Hor. derncileya denne of theeues^cheatei s,&:c.full of filthy puddles, horrid rocksj 
^ybVrh^%&^ prccipitiums^an ocean of adverfity, an heauy yoke , wherein infirmities and 
9p^tdA niWa/i- calamities oiiertake and follow one another as the Sea waues,and if we fcapc 
udfmt qum sciUt we fall fowle on chArtbdls,m6. fo in perpetuall feare , I.ibour^ angnifh, 
•nmnarum do- runnefrom oncpIaguCjOnc mifchiefc,one burden to another, duramfer- 
mieiiia,qkibm vientesfervitutem. Our townes and citties are but fq many dwellings of 
^rw^mnaii- h-i'^^^ocmifery,/^ vphich griefe andforrov(>(\ as he right well obfcrucs out of 
vmvxtij mfini, Solon)inmmerAble troubles jAbours of mortal men^ and all maner of vices^are 
tig.iab9res,& included as in fo many pennes. Our villages are like mole-hills , aiid men as ib 
"^^"y Emors,bufie3bufie ftill^going to and fro , in and out, and crofTmg one 
tk inciuduntwf. anothers proieds,as the lines of feuerall Sea-car des cut each other in aGlobe 
*mt.cbytrem ^j. ^x^^jqowlioht and merry hwx. as one followcs k)by-and.by IbrrowfuU 
Lam mncy heavy ^now hoping^ then dijtrujttng ; now patient^ to morro rv crying out^ 
mKin^is-^unc now pale^then red-^ running Jlttingfweating^ tremblings halting, ^c. Some 
foftdtf£tpa-^^^^ amongf^ the reft^or perhaps one of a thoufand , may bee PuU^ lovis^ iti 
iKn% hodtetcroi the worlds e{\.Qcme,Gallina filim alba^m happy and fortunate man, ad invi- 
^'aikT'Tnbens ^-^^'^y^^^J^jbccaufejrich/airCjWellalliedjin honourand office; yetpcradven- 
lumas!fJm, ^"^c aske himfclfe,and he will fay^that of all others ^ he is mofl miferable^and 
ckudicam, ire- vnhappy . A fairc fhooc, h 'tcfoccm novus^ elegans, as he ^ (aid , fed nefcis vbi 
fsiiasti^icaia- '^^^^y^^^ ^^ou kuowfl not where it pincheth. It is not another mans opinion 
micas pr<ecipua, can make me happy^butas " Senecawdl hath it,H^ a miferable wretch^thit 
ten. Gr^cinui. ^gffj „ot account htmfelfe happy ^though he be Soueraigne Lord of a world : hee 
^erefl quifc^ happy, if he think e hhnfefe not tobefo: for what availeth it what thtne 
beatifimum e/late is^ orfeeme to other s^if thou thy fel^e dijlike it» A common luimour it is 
eetlmemmri' thinke well of other mens tbrtunes, and diflike their owne : cut 

do , noK ejl b'ea. placet altertm 3 (ua nimirum eft odio fors : but y c^uifit Meciinas*c!rc. how 
m,qm fe non comcs it to pa{Ie,whai*s the caiife ofit ? Many men are of fuch a per verfe na- 
^nffuikH ture,they are well pleafed with nothing ( faith ^ TheodQret ) neither with ri- 
m tuus Jityfi ti- ches nor pouerty^they complaine when they are well , and when they are fcke^ 
bivvkm ma^ gj^^f^yig ^t all fortunes ^pof^erity and adverfity ; they are troubled in a cheaps 
X Hor,epXi.^.y^^^^->^^ barren.plenty or not plenty ^nothing pleafeth them,warre nor peace^ 
y HoY.fer.i. rvith children^nor without. This for the mofl part is the humor of vs all, to 
l^bldecurau difcontent^miferable^and moft vnhappy, as we thinke at leafl ; and fhew 
gm^affeaxuf. me him that is not fo,or that cuer was othervvifc ? Quints MetelL'^s his feli- 
^' £ ^^^y infinitely admired amongft the Romans jmh^^^ch^, that as » p at er cuius 
^icjltf^/L/efl msntioneth of him,you can fcarce finde ofany Nation, order, age, fexe, one 


rumt,& piupertatem^emrbis expo1'4lant,beneva^entetgranter ferutuatq^vtfemd diem, nihil eos deleU a r« vl* 


Part.i.Sed.26 \ DifcOntents^Cares^^c, Memb.j. SubCio. 


for happinefle to be compared vnto him: he had in a word, hm ammi^ cor- $i 
f>)rif c^foYtmAy^oo6.% of mindc, body, and fortune i iohad P.CMntunui 
b Crajfm. LAmpfaca. that LacitdemonUn Lady , was fiich another in « Plinies ^ P-Crafiu Mu 
conceit,^ Kings votfe^x Kings mother^ a Kings daughter : and all the world bab^(fe'^Sur 
cfteemed as much of Poly crates oiSamos, The Greekes bragge of their Socra- mum yonarum 
tesyphocyonyi^riftides^ the Pfophiciixns in particular of their AgUus , cmni 
vUafelix^ayommperkuloimmunis(vMc\\h'jthzv/?Ly Paitfimas held im-quldej^ttn^i- 
poffible ) the Romxns of their ^ Cat&, Curius^ Fabricifis^ lor their compofed ^^oqut- 
fortunes, and retired etecs, gouerment of paflions , and contempt of the ^c[!!fuuffi, 
world: Yet none ofall the fe was happy,or free from difcontent, neither A/^- Pomifex mxi* 
tellus^ Crajrfus^ nor Po/ycrates^ for hcc died a violent death, and fo did Cato: ^ . 
And how much euill doth Zv^c74»^/»J and T^^^^i^t^r^-r fpeake of Socrates^ ^fiuajeguvxarr 
wcakc man,&: fo of the reft. There is no content in this life ; but as « he faid, w^rflr. 
gUis V unity and vexation offpirit: lame and imperfed. Haddeft thou Samp- ^ »'^^|/»«- 

,. /»n 1 1/ / •/"! !/>!'■ ^^^^ mill aut 

fommvityOlftio s ixxQn^xh^Scanderbeggs mwQ^Seiomons midomc^Atfolons dtxitym fecit, 
beiuty, Cr^fus his wealth,C^rj v^lov, 'Alexanders fpirit, Tu/Iies or Demof. ' 
thenes eloquence, Gyges x'm^^Pcr/eus Pegafus and Cotgons head , Neftors cilquo7aUier' 
yearcs to comc,all this would not make thee abfolute, giue thee conient,and »"» po- 
true happineffe in this Iife,or fo continue it.Evcn in the midft of all our mirth ""'/^^^^ ec- 
iollity and laughter,is forrow & griefcor if there be true happinefle amongft cUf.ui^. 
vs,'tisbutforatimc, ^ Defxnit inpifcemmnlterformofafuperne: f Hor.Ar(.Pon 

a fairc morning turnes to a lowring afternoone. 'Brutus and Capus^ once re- \\^,^^ 
nowned,both eminently happy,yet you fhall fcarce finde two(^faith Patercu- 
lus)quos fortuna maturius deflttuer 'tt^ whom fortune fooner fdrfooke. Han^ 
ntbaU conquerer all his lifc,met with his match, and was fubdued at laft^ 

One is brought in in triumph,as C^ar into RomeyAlcibii^Jies into Athens y co-^ 
ronis aureis 2^;/?^//j,crown'd,honoured,admired 5 by-^and-by his flatues de- 
molifhed, he MiTed out, Maffecred, &c. t CMagms Gonfalua, that famous 
SpAniard^^M^s of the Prince and people at fir ft honoured , approued ; forth- 
with confined and banirtied. t^dmirandas a^imes ^graves plerun^fequnn- 
tur invidia^dr atres cdumnid\ 'tis Polyhius his obfcruation , grieuous enmi- 
ties,and bitter calumnies commonly follow renowned adions. One is borne 
rich,dies a beggar: found to day , ficke to morrow : now in moft florifhing 
cfta£e,fortunate and happy,by-and-by depri»:ied of his goods by fbrraine eni- 
mies^robbed by theeues,fpoilcd,captiuate'^, impoueri{lied,as they of t Rah^ »'^am.»»-3t 
hah put vnder irmfAvpeSyandvndftr iron harrovfes^i^r vnder axes of ironed' 
caftinto the tile kilne-^ Hee thaut ft marched like X^'^at^j with innumerable 
armies,^s rich as Crafus^novj fhifts for himfelfe in a poorc cock-boat,is boud 
in iron chaines,with ^rf/^:^^/ fhcTurkc,and afbotftoole with Aureliany^oid, 
lyrannifing Conquerour to trample on. So many cafualties there are,thatas 
Seneca faid of a citty conftimcd with fire, Vna dies intei^efl inter maximum 
iivitatem & nullampm day betwixt a great citty,and none : fo many grie- 
vances from outward accidentSjand from our felues, our owne indifcretion^ 
inordinate appetite,one day betwixt a man,& no man. And which is worfe, 
if difcontents and miferics would not come faft enough vpon vs^ homo hO" 
mini dxmen^wit maul,pejfcaitc,and fhidy how to fting, gaule, and vexe one 
another with mutuall hatred.abufcs.iniuriesjprcying vpon ^ and devouring^ 

Part.i,Sca:.i. Caufesof Melancholy. Mcmb.3 .Subfio. 

i©2 as fo many g raiienoiis birds, and as iuglers, panders, bawdes, cofening one 
flpanrn'm raging as ^» vvoIues^tigcrSjand diuels: men arc cuilJ^wicked^mali- 

ca^tam\ autca' tious3Crccheroiis,& f naught , not loiiing oneanothcr^or louing themiekie^j 
davera qua la- not hofpitail^charitable^and fociabJe as they ought to bejbutcounterfcit^dif- 
^eorTqiiikce. femblerSjambo-dcxterSjall for their owne ends^hard-heartedjmercileflCjpit- 
vanu^etron. tilefle,and to benefit themfelues , they care not what mifchicfe they procure 
h Hmo omae f-Q others. » Truxinoe and Corgo in the Poet , when they had got in to fee 
iilenaiTfiiperat ^^ofe coftly fights,they then cryed (pemejl^md would thruft out all the reft: 
ftm , iu{)i)[g.& when they are rich themfelues^in honourjprefcrred/ull, and haue even what 
JctrVtlgUHtj, ^^^y ^vouId,they dcbarre others of thofe pieafures which youth requires, and 
■f^od Pater- they formerly haue inioyed. He fits at tabic in a foftchairc at cafe, buthee 
cuki de ppulo doth not remember in the m.eane time,thata tired waiter ftands behind him, 
^MoVn-lko' hungry fellovp mmifters to himfulljhe is nthir[l thatgirfs him drinkeffaith 
per annos iij. ^^'\^ztus)andhfile»trvhrles hefpeakeshisple£fure,pefjjluefo vehepih^ 
7os mTeiT^tl ^^^i^^' ^^^^^ feproluitAuro\ He feafts,revells,and profufely fpends , hath va- 
panim, aut in- ricty of robcs , f\veet mufkk , cafe, and all the pleafiire the world can afford, 
iidapaxyidem whilcft many an hunger-ftarucd poore crcaturc pines in the flrcet , wants 
%tiu!"*^'^* clothes to couerhim5labours hard all day long,runne strides fora trifie,fights 
i rheocritui pcraducnture from Sun to Sun,ficke and illyweary/uli of paine and griefe , is 
*^^uircdet in ^^^^^ diftrcfTc and forrow of heart. Hec lothes and fcornes his inferioiir, 
wSr", nmme- ^^^^^s or emulates his equall, envies his fuperiour , infnits oucr all fuch as are 
fn'mffhiotiofo vndcr him^as if hc wcre of another 5/?fr/Vj-,a dcmi-god, not fubiec^ to any 
ti^f 'e%7t?e- ^^^'^.^^^ humane infirmities. Generally they loue not , are not beloued againe: 
fmemei^bibm' they tyrc out o^hci'S bodies with continuall labour , they themfelues lining aj^ 
tintmies^&c, eafe,caring fornone dkyfibi mt/-, and are fo farre many times from putting 
\difiettkfua f^^^'^ helping hand,that they feckc all meanes to depreffc, cucn moft wor- 
'/■Pfi vixerint, thy and well deferuing5bettcr then themfelues , thofe whom tl i ey are by the 
^YhT^upum ^^^^^^ naturCjbound to relicue and helpe^as much as in them lies, they will 
fuaiexpimenm Ict them cater-vvaule,{iarue3beg,& hang,before they will any waies ( though 
iiii gmtisim^Q- it be in their power) afliftoOr cafe: ^ fb vnnaturall are they for the moft parr ib 
lZinmk\e^ vnregardfull:fo hard heartcd/o churlifh,proud,infolent,fo duggcdpffobad 
geu a difpofition. And being fo brutilli/o diuelifhly bent one tp^v^rds another 

1 LuguhruAtt i^Q^y isritpofTible-but that wcfbould be difcontent of air fides Jull of cares' 
gmtumdxs woes,andmi(eries. 

\h[idet arces. If this bc ttot a fufficient proofe of their dilcontent , and mifery exairufie 
f^iidtalT'^^'^ euery condition and calling apart. Kings, Princes, Monarches, and M^gi- 
ra piiu aim ftrates iecmc to be moft happy, but looke into their ertare , you fhall findc ^ 
'^^^J^?- them to bq moft cncumbred with cares, in perpetual! feare, agony, fufpiti on, 
ilcentZ t2- icaloufie.-tbat as " he (aid ofa Crownc, if they knew but die difcontents that 
rts.ruUr.lib.r. accompany it, they would not ftpope to take itvp. Qu^w mihi regem dAhis 
Tnlidir^ma (^^^^^ ^ ChryJdJlowe)non curiiplemm?yslhdX king canihhp^ l]icw me, not 
full ofcarcs? /ooke not on hi4 Crorvne^ but confider his Affiiciions', attend not 
urn apame Jjis number offermnts.but multitude ofcrojfes. Nihil al/ud poteJlasculmini4 
""cti^ZtTelii- ^^^"^ tempefhs mentis, as Gregorj fcconds him; Soueraignty is a rcmpeft o\ 
mm,reicuyaxu the Soulc-^fji/^ like they.haue braiic titles,but terrible fasfplendoremtitulo, 
*''AinZ'cb '"^^^ Demojlhenesvovj^ * ftvel adtribunaf^velai 

idxi&hT^'^ duceretur^io be a ludgc, or be condemned,were put to \m choice 

he would be condemned. Rich men are in the fame predicament: wha*- their 


ParCL^^cd.!. Dtfco?itent s,cares,^c, Mcmb.j.Subf.n 

^SLinzs^iz Jlultinefcimt^ if[ilentiunt, cheyfeele;f66Ies perceiuenotjasi 103 

fhall proue clfewhere, andcheirweakh is brittle, like childrens rattles: they 

come and goe,tliere is no certainty in theiii; thofe whom they eleuate, they 

doe as fuddenly deprefie, and leaiie in a vaile of mifery. The middle fort of 

men are as fo many aflcs to beare burdens ; or if they befree,and hueateafe; 

they fpend themfclucs, and confumetheir bodies and fortunes .which luxury 

and riot,contcntion,emuIation,&:c.The poore I referue for another " place^ n sta %mwk 

and their difcontents. /i.fubiea.6. 

For particular pofeflions J hold as of the reft ther's no content or fecurity 
inanys On what courfe will you pitch, howrefolue? To be a Diuine *tis 
contemptible in the worlds efieeme. To be a Lawyer 'tis to be a wrangler, 
to be a Phyfitian,*/'W(r/ loti/, 'tis loathed: A Pfiilofopher a mad man- an Al' * sterm&> 
chy mift, a beggcr; a Poet, e/urst, an hungry lacke. A Mufitian a player; A rirM^medio^rm 
Schoolemafler a drudge: An Husband man an Emmet; AMarchant, his^^'''^"'"^''"** 
gaines arc vncertainc : A Mechanitian, bafe : A Chirurgian , fulfome: A 
Tradefinan, a t lier,A Tailor a theefe; ASeruing-man^a flauc; A Souidier, 
a butcher; A Smyth, or a Mettlcman, the pot s neuer from's nofe: A Cour- f M lucr^^ 
tier, a parafite: as he could finde no tree in the wood to hang himfelfe.- 1 can 
(hew no ftatc of life to giue content. The like you may fay of all ages; chil- tZ!o^!" 
dren line in a perpetuall llaiiery, IHll vnder that tyrannical! gouernmcnc of 
Mafters; young men.and of riper yeares, fubiedl to labour, and a thouland 
cares of the worldj to trechery falfhood and cofcnage, 

— t Iwedit per ignes, I Hor.i.i.od. xi 

Suppo fit OS cineri dobfo^ 
« old are full of aches in their boues, cramps and comi\Cions,Ji/fcerma, dull <> Mf 
of hearing , weake fighted, hory, wrinkled, harfb, fo much altered as that tZfl^Tii 
they cannot know their owne face in a glafle, a burden to themfeiues and o» 
thers,after 70 yeares, aUufirrow (as Dattid hath it) they doe not Hue but 
linger. If they be found they feare difeafesj if ficke, weary of their Mms^T^n 
efiv/uerefedva/erev^fa^ One comphincB of want, afccond of feruitudc, 

Seneca m Heir, 

P another of a lecret or incurable difeafe: offome deformity ofbody,offome P 
Iofle5danger,dcathoffriends,fliipwrack, pcrfecution, imprifonmenr, dif- m^^icTqw 
grace, repulfe,^ contumely, calumny, abufc, iniury, contempt, inpratitude, 'nmsaudztfa- 

vnkindneffe, fcofFes,jflouts, vnfortunatemarriage,'finglelife,'too many chil- Slfg 
dren, no children,falfe feruants, vnhappy children, barrenncffe, banifhment, deter, vat. 
opprcflion,fruftrate hopes,and iU fuccei]e,&c. s spretaq^inin 

q Ta//a degenere hoc adeh funt multajoquacem vt ^xhoy^* 

BeUfarevalent Fahinm,' " lidkinQ^Fdifis will be tired before 

hec can tell halfe of themj they are the fubied of whole Volumes , and (hall 
fomsofthcm be more opportunely dilated elfewhere. In the meane time 
thus much I may fay of them, that generally they crucifie the foule of man, 
^attenuate our bodies, dry them, wither them, riuell them vp like old ap- . 
pies, make them as fo many Anatomies, (Ulfa at^^pellts eft totm., it a curis viJe!Z^ 
Tnacet) they canfe tempm fcedum ^fjualtdum, cumbcrfome dayes, i^grata^ MiferabUe cm^, 
tempore, flow, dull, and heauy times, make vs howie, roarc , and tearc our ^ 
haircs, as forrow did in ^ Cehes table, and groane for the very angui(h of our , 
fouies.Our hearts failevs, as Dauid^ did?fal.^o. 12, for mnumerdhktrou- 
hlesthAtcQmpAj[edh'm-^zxA\^^2iizi^2id^io(:QVii^^ \%,^mm^ * ' 

Pirt.i.Sed.i. Caufes ofMelancho/j. Memb.j. Sub£ 1 1, 

104 17. hehold fo r felkfty I had bitter griefe: to weepc with HerAclitus^ to curie 
the day ©f our birth, with Jeremy 20' i4.and our ftarres with lob: to hold that 
a ^ftmum non ^^^^^^ Silent^s^ better neuer to haue beene borne ^and the befi next of tM^ 

auiato to die quickly jox if wee muft liue^to abandon the world^as Timon did,creepc 
into caues and holes,as our Anchorites^ caft all into the Sea, as Crxtes The* 
bams: or as xheombrottt^ Ambrociatds 400 auditors, precipitate our (duQS 
to be rid of thefc miferies. 

S V B S E C T. II, 

ConcHpfcible (^ppetite^as De fires ^ Ambition fiduf^s, 

yg^^ Hefe Concupifcible and Irafcible Appetites:are as the two twifts 
>Bo»«j7 nUa. of a rope, mutually mixt one with the other, and both twining a- 

arl'mUfin' ^^J^ g bout the Heart; both good,as Au/iin holds /ib' i^.c,^.deciv,Dei: 
ebitant. ^^*Sam*>a if they be moderate: both fernitious if they be exorbitant. This 
iK^s/'*"'^' Concupifcible appetite, howfoeuer itmay feemetocarry witliita fhewof 
Moima(ina- pleafurc and delight, and our concupifcenfes moft part afFc6^: vs with content 
and a pleafing ohie^, yet if they be in extreames, they rackc and wring vs 
ll*7ap. 'It, fhe other fide. A true laying il]S,Deftre hath no re(t^ is infinite in it lelfe, 
■\ circaquam'ii. endlcfle; and as y one calls it, a perpetual! racke, ^ 01 horfe mill, according 
t7 #7tfcfi ^'^ Auflin Ml going round as in a ring.Thcy are not fo continuail, as diuers, 
pteji \ike fu.ftctlius atomos denumerarepoJfemSnih. f Bernard^ quam motm cordis^ nunc 
ph^ ^^h<^' h£c,nunc ilk cogito: you may as well reckone vp the motes in the Sunne, as 
5. Tt!^' ^ extends tt felfe to euery things as Guianerim will haue it, that is 

\ F:rventm /uperfuoufly fought after, or to any ^ferumt dejire, as Fernelim interprets it; 
kfideriim. |j j^^j. j^jj^ fbeuer, it tortures if immoderate,& is/^according to ^ p/a^ 
'^ppetim&c. ter & others)an efpeciall caule of Melancholy. CMultuo fis concu^ifcent^s di^ 
sJeaf'm.msnt lanianfur cogitationesme^^ ^Auftin confefled, thathee was torne apieces 
letlivetfl^' ^^"^ manifold defires: and fo dorh « Bernard com^hinft^that he could not 
'nca vagor,nulb refl for them a minute of m houre: this I vpould haue^ and that, and then I de-> 
^mnto'^Z ^^^^ andfuch, T'is a hard matter therefore to confine them, being 

tail&7a'M' they are fo various and many, vnpoflible to apprehend all. I will onely infift 
tjfe cHpioy iUui vpon fome few of the chiefe,and moft noxious in their kinde, as that exorbi- 
IfJm^^^"' tant Appetite and DefireofHonour, which wee commonly call Ambition-, 
Ambitio. Loue of mony, which is Couetoufnefje, and that greedy defire of gaine^^-^- 
^^Ambror.lib ^^^^^?^^^^ inordinate defire of raine-glory or zpphufc^Loue'of study in 
jtpJr'Lucimf' excefle: Loueofv^omen^ (which will require a iuftvolurftc of it felfe^ of the 0- 
iruioamim. thet I wili briefly fpeake,and in their otdcr. 

l^ilir -^^^^'^^^^^^ prou<J couetoufnefle,or a dry thirft of Honour,a great torture 
moiefiiiis inqui- ofthe minde,compofcd of enuy , pride, & couetoufnelfe, a gallant madnes, 
etat.fecretm one ^ defines it, a pleaiant poifon, Ambrofe^ a canker of thefonle an hidden 
alua&c!^e^.P^^K^^'^ Bi^rnard^a fecret foyfon^the father ofHuor.^ and mnthe" of hv^ocrifie, 
x\6. the moth of hoiineffeyandcaufe of madnes ^crucifying and dtfqmeti^ia aU. that 

I 8s. f^y^ held of i Seneca cals it remfoltcitam^ timidam^ vanam^ ventofam, a 
" wiady thing, a vaine/olicitous,and fearefuU thing.For commonly they that 


ParM.^ed.ir/ Jnger a caufe - Memb.5.SubC^. 

like Sjfjipk^jVok ihAS rcftlcfle flone of Ambition,are in a perpetuall ^ agony ^ 105 
dill ^ perplexed, femper tacit t^triftefj^ receda/jty('Lucretu^^}douhtM]^ timo- 
rous, fulpitious, loath co oHend in word or deed, ftiJl cogging and collogu- 
ing, embracing, capping, cringing, applauding, flattering, fieering,vifiting, 
way ting at mens doores with all affability, counterfeit honcfty and humili- ^. ^'''M* 
ty ' If that will not ferue, if once this humor ^as Cyprian defcribes it j pof- IZ^u^iml^'*' 
iefle his }\m{iy ioulQ^ambitioKis falfugo zfhi bibulam animam poj^idet^ by quanta dubiU' 
hookeandby crookehcwiliobtaineitjiiW/rt'w Imholeheveillcltme to aU'"*' qitaatm 
honours and offices, if it be pofiihU for him to get vpjkttering one, bribing a- %Su^ymU 
nother^ he tvili leaue no memes vnAffaydto win allXx. is a wonder to fee liow 
flauifhly thefekinde ofmcn willfubiedthemfelues, when they are about a i^Sfw^eT'^tf/w- 
fute,to euery inferior perfbn, what paines they will take, ru'nne, ride,cart, ai^w, {mtit 
plot,countermine, proteft and fwearc, vow, promife , what labours vnder- ^^^^^^^^^^ 
goe, earely vp,dovvne latejhow obfequiousand affible they are, how popu- ntdxipricm^ 
lar and courteous, how they grinne and fiiere vpon euery man they meete; humumm 
with what fcafting and inuiting, how they fpend themfelues and their ^^"^^'^^^Immm'itwf 
tunes, in feeking that many times, which they had miich better be without^ m c^^i. preiog 
as ® Cyneas the Orator told Pynhtfs with what. waking nights , painfull "^^f*'- 

, . , , jt. rc r ■ I r cunctosbsaorat, 

noures,anxious tnougnts, and bitternelie oimmde, tnter fpem^^ metum^^^ mivtrp%m\i' 
diftra^^edand tried, they confijme the //?/<fW^ of their time. Ihere canbew-^'sM/^^i^wwa 
no greater plague for the prefent. If they doc obtaine tlicir fute, which with "^^■^atTurm' 
fuch cofl and folicitude they haue fought, they are not fo freed, their anxiety vifnatoptimam; 
is a new to beginne, for they arc neucr fatisficd, nihiUliud nifi imperium J'^^J^'^^^^J*^^^ 
Jpira»t jthcit thoughts, adions, ciideauors arc all for Soueraignty and Ho- p^rf^ ^ „ff^ 
nour,liketZ«^j5/oryw that huffing duke oiMiUan^ aman of RnguUr vpif eUukk, in 
dome, but profond ambition^ borne to his owne^ and to the dejlruciion of [taly^ Zil^mpttit^ 
though it be to their owne ruine, and friends vndoing,they willcontende, feingeritydif 
they may not cca{e,P but as a dogge in a whcele, a bird in a cage , or a fqir- f^"^'^ • 
rill in a chaine,fb 1 "Bud^us compares them^they climbe and climbe ftill,with ambiLte-^* 
much labour, but neuer make an end,neuer at the top. A ivnight would be a gem tnfervire. 
Baronet, and then a Lord, and then a vicount, and then an Earle,&c. a Do- ^"^f^^jf^ 
<5lor,aDeaneandthenaBifhop: from Tribune to Praetor; from Bailifreto qHmntmia- 
Maior; firft this officc,and then thar^as Vyrrhus in Plutarch^ they will firrt ^"^J^^^^^^ 
haue Greece th€Af 'ick,SLthcnAjta^^ (well withJEfops frog fo Iong,til in the fp^^v^; 
end they burft,or come dovvne with Seianus^adGemonias fcaUs,^nd breake murj& in ou4 
their owne necks: or as tuangelm the piper in Lucian^ that blew his pipe fo ^^^^^fj^^*^*^'' 
long, till he fell downe dead. If hee chance to miffc, and haue a canuas, he is protnptu idmba 
in a hell on the other fidei Co deie(5led,that he is ready to hanghimfelfe,turne fi^^ 
Heretickc, Turke,or Traitor in an inftant. Enraged againft his enimies, hee ' 
* railes, Iwcares, fights, (landers , detrads, enuies, murders; and for his owne prudemia fed^ 
^m^fi appetitum explere nonpotefl^ furore corripititrr, if he cannot fatisfic JJjf^^^^^J^ 
his defire f'as " 'iodine xvntcs)\\z runncs mad.So that both waies hit or mific, jtaii* vatus. 
he is diftraded fo long as his Ambition lafts, hee can looke for no other but p beckiaar- 
anxiety and care, difcontent and gricfe in the meanc time,^ madneflfe itfe'fe, J^f^|^■^ 

i\Ub.7, decontmptHrmmfomuatum. Matno conatu & mpttumsvMwt^ fupereodm eemro rotati^mnproficiunt^ 
nec adfimmprrveniuw r P^ita Ph}rhi. t Ambitio in iufamam facile delabitrr^ ft excfdat.Pitrimil. 4,tit xo.de regis 
mftit. u Lib.^.de rep.cap i. x Imprimis vero appetitta, feu concupi[cefUta nimia rci alicmttiy lionejl* v(linhoat(l^,pb(tH'^ 
tafiamlxdwtti Httde mleimbitioji, pyilMti^ati, avmyiufani,&s,' FelijiPlater. UydemenUi 

O2 or 

Part. i.Sed:.!. Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmb.j \ihCi£ 

106 or violent death in the end. The euent of this is common to be feene in po- 
. piilous citties, or in Princes coiircs,for aCourtiers as Budeus dcfcnbcs it) 
Lii'virambl-uay ganyrmufry ofambrthnMft/rattdJmpoJlure,^^^^ detrAmoa^ 
tiom, cupiditx envy pride-thi Court a common comenttckofjliittererx^time-feruers^poltti. 
'M^f^^^^^-^^:^ 01 Anthony Perez Nvill the Suburbs of hell it f elf e If you will 
rf/f wri, /«- fee fuch difcontentcd perfons,ther5 y ou fhaU likely finde them- 1 And which 
ptrbi^Tiimc^, ot^fcj^ucd of the markets of old Rome, 

ZTcZZ^t ,^tf eriurum contienlre vult hominem.mttto m Comitium-^ 

cmvmimlm Qui mendacem ^ glor'tofum^afud Clunfinx furumy 

£r1:' B«' 'mte5\damnofosrnmtos fubb4ilicAciuArtto,^c, 

d^lZ'a^t"!' Perjiir'd knaiies, Knights of the Poit,iiers,crackers, bad husbands, &c. keepe 
^ , their fcuerall ftations: they doe fo ftill, and alwaies did, in ciiery common- 

t In his ^phor, . , ' ^ 

f piaum Cut' vvealtii. 

citl.Acl 4,Sce,i 

SvBSfiC. 12. 


^ in his booke whether the difeafcs of the body,be more 

m grieaoiis then thofe of the foule; is of opinion ^ tfyou will exa- 
z rom.iftexa- mme all the caufes of ou Y mifer'tes in this life ,you (hall finde them 

m^ri^caufas, ^^^^^ mofpart, to haue had their beginning from fiubborne anger ^ that 
vii afuriofo confurioUs defirc of contention ^or fome iniuft or immoderate affeBion^ as Couetu- 
vdabtfuu' oufneJfe^&c.ViOiXi whence <ir<? vparres ^ contentions amongftyou^ * S. lames 
7itfidkmjtgi- askes: I will adde vfiiry, fraud, rapinc^Simony, oppreflion, lying, fwearing, 
mmtraxlffeici- bearing falfe witnc^^e, &c.are they not from this fountaine ofcouetuoufnes, 
'Ihryft^lT thatgreedinefreingecting,tenacity in keeping, fordidity in fpendingj that 
cQm:incap4.cd they are fo wickedjt ifiiuH againfi God^their neighbour ythemfelues,d[\ comes 
Roman.fer.il. hence.T/^.^ de/ire ofmony is the root of all euili,d^ they that lufi after it^peirce 
U^?faViqmi themfeluesthroughv0ithmanyfoYrov0es^\Xim.6.\c, Hippocrates therefore 
mdmnMpfo. j^js Epi^le to Crateua an Herbalift, giues him this good counfell, that if it 
ximm/mfeip- y^Q^^^^i^^v^i^^ a ^^mongfl Other he arbes ^ he^hould cut vp that weede ofco- 
a Si t/ero, CtA- uetoufneffe by the root s[f hat there be no remainder left , and th:n knovp this 
^'^aihefaram' fi*" ^ ^^^^ together with their bodies, thoumaift quickly cure all the 

ladke^^avanik difeafes of the minds ^oi it is indeede the patterne , Image , Epitome of all 
tadkem fecare Melancholy , the fountaine of many mi{eries5much difcontent,care and woe; 
vtmL^^reii^' this faordwate,or immoderate dejire ofgaine^toget or keepe mony^ as ^ "BonA* 
qw« ejf~nt,p>-o- venture defines it: or as Aifftin defcribes it a madnelle of the Soulc^Gregory 
hc'^'f'Diett ^^ortui'CyChryfoflome, an inlatiablc drunkenneflc; CypriAn,h[indnc({c^Jpeci' 
faiuls: auaritk ofuntfuppUcfum, 3 plague fubuerting kingdOmes, families, an ^ incurable di- 
efiamoT immO' feafq Bud^us^ an ill haLbh^yeelding to noremedies'^neithci' <i^fculapiHs not 
idtcqiure'^^ can cure them: a continuall plague/aith Solomon,^ vexation of fpiric, 
' vei retincnde. another Hell.I know there be fome of opinion,that couetous men are happy, 
c¥emm and worldly vvifc, that there is more pleafure in getting ofw-alth then in 
fustSreme^ fpcnding, and no delight in the world like vnto it,'Twas Bias probleme of 

dthnoncedm , r rr • 

vfdefido exafperatuy, d Malus eft morhuA maleq^ affieit aumla jiquidem een^eo^ &c.aumtia difficilius cu ratur quam Infaaui: 
qumiam hoc ormes fere medidlaborant. Hippocr.ep. Abdtrit, cExtremoscMrrkmerulsr ad IndoSiHor, re nonet 

• laffus? lHcrmfacknda:qmd maxm dtlMilei Imm, 


. - - - I ■ ■ - 1 - 

Pait.i.$ed.2 Couetoufnefje a cauje Memb.3.Subf.i2,. 

old^rvffh what art thou not vpexry'ivpith getting mony, what is mojl delecla^ 107 
bleHognme. What is it, trow you, that makes a poorc rmri labour all his life 
time, carry fuch great burdenSjfare fo hardly^triacerate himfclfe, and endure 
fo much mifery, vndcrgoe fiich bafe offices with fb great patience, to rife 
vp early and lye downe late, if there were not an extraordinary delight in 
getting and keeping ofmony ? What makes a Marchant that hath no nccdc, . 
fitts fuperj^ domi^ to range all ouer the world, through all thofe intempe- 
rat Zones of heat and cold; voluntarily to venture his life, and be content 
with fuch iniferable famine, nafty vfage, in a (linking fhip; if there were not 
a picafiirc and hope to get mony, which doth feafon the reil, and mittigate 
his indefatigable painesfWhat makes the goe into the bowels of the earth, 
an hundred fathomcdeepe,endangering their dewarcftliues,cnduring damps 
and filthy fmells,whcn they haue enough already, af they could be content, l^^J^'^^^^^ 
and no fuch caufe to labour,but an extraordinary delight they take in riches? ^,es. 
This may feemc plaufible at firft fhew, a popular and ftrong argiynent: but fD'«;{'* ^i- 
let him that fo thinkes, confider better of it, and hec fhall foone pcrceaue, ^^inhtimu'm 
that it is farreotherwife then he fuppofeth; it may be happily pleafing at the (oiikiLudimbin, 
firft, as moft part all melancholy is. For fuch men likely haue fome lucida in- fV>^^'^^^ 
tervalU^ plcalant lymptomes intermixt, but you mult note that 01 * Chry- vexanCcmn'mt 
fojlomej 'tis one thing to be richyanother to be couetous^ generally they arc all Grfgi« hom. 
foolcs, dizards, mad-men,miferable wretches, liuing befidcs themrelues,^/?^' ^^^-^^^^"^^^ 
4r/^'/r»^';?^/,in pcrpetuall {lauery,feare, fufpition, fbrrow and di (content, " Lffc.^ fp 30. 
flus does quam mellii hahent-^ and are indcede/<«^/'tfr pojpffed by their monj^ l^fui'are7titu 
then fofjej^ors^ as ^ Cyprian hath it, mancipatl pecun^s , bound prentife to ig/cd'animpe' 
their goods, as * P/inypv as Chryfojiome^fdrui diuit/aruwflaucs and drud- cunkmi^erabik 
ges to their (ubftance^and wee may conclude of them all, as f Vakrim doth ?2Smo*/;& i 
of Ptolomeus king of CypfuSy hee was in title a king of that lland^ but in his g Vsmda e{i hel 
minde^ a mifer able drudge of mony. hbonitwUo 

— ^ pot tore met am \^arU. 

libert&te carens li luk-'^ 20. 

wanting his liberty, which is better then 2xA6.T>amaRppus the Stoicke in Ho- ^['*i^ehacKcae 
y^ff^, proues that all mortallmen'dote by fits, lomcone way lome another, 
but that couetous men are g madder then the rert : and hce that fhall truely ^ o/" quidem 
lookc into their eitates, and examine their fymptomes, fhall finde no better Smt^Tk^ 
of them, but that they are all ^ fboles, as Nabal was,^f nomine( i ,Keg, i ) ) k E^f. -Ui^.z. 
For what ereater folly can there bee, or » madnefle . then to maceiate him- ^'^°^^y'>'''^ 
felfe when he need not? and when as Cyprian notes, ^ he may be freed from ^^r, \miet)buA 
htsburden-j& eafed of his paines^ rvillgoe on ftiH^ his wealth increafing^when ptrgit main for- 
he hath enough to get more^to Hue bejides himjelfc^ to (iarue his Genius, keepe [^f^j'|5;^c'/cr 
backe from his wife and children, neither letting them, nor other friends ■mu'oxn, 
vfeorenioy that w hich is theirs by right, and which rhey much need per- 
hapsjiike a hog,or dog in the manger, he doth only keepe it becaufe it (liall ^^^^i,, <iM({ut 
doe nobody elfe good, hurting himfelfeand others^and for a little mom.en- mperw,poffidet 
tarypelfe,damne'hisowne(bule. They are commonly f^^cl and tetrickeby J^p'^^^''*^ 
nature, as Jchabs fpirit was becaule hee could not get ^aboths vineyard, un iiaat, &e 
/i. Reg.22) and if he lay out his mony at any time,ihough it be to necefiary {^f '^^fi?'^" 
v(es, to his owne childrens good, he brawles and fcolds, his heart is hcauy, (^uodhabet qua 
im\ch difquietcd he is, and loth to part from it: mifer abfl/net, ff^c^ "^^^^ qtiadmn habtt, 

O 3 Hor, 

Part* I .Se6l.i, Caujes of Melancholy. Memb. 5 .SubC lu 

108 JJor. He is ofa wearifh, dryjpale^conftitution, and cannot fleepe for cares & 
worldly bufinedes, his riches/aith Solomon^mW not let him fleepe, and vn- 
ncceffary bulinelle which he heapeath on himfelfe; or if he doe fleepe^ 'tis a 
very vnquet,incerrupr,vnplca{ing fleepe; with his bagges in his armcs, 
^-:^congefiis vndt^faccis 
Indormit mhuns y — ^ 

\l^mth lot And though he be at a banquer,or at fome merry feaft, fighes forgriefe of 
vivio,bibat licet heart ( as " Cyfrim hath it ) audcamot fleepe though it be vpon a dovone bed^ 
gmmii &mo hijvpearifh body takes »o re fif° troub/edm his abundance and (orrowfuU in 
dumcorimicun-flenty^vnhafpyfortheprejent^ and more vnha^ppn the life to come, Bafil, 
Mirit, wiiz-if Heisaperpetualldrudgc, P reftleiTe in his thoughts, and ncucrfatisficdj a 
o !tgaV'«r ^^3"e,a wretch,a duft vjonwc/emper quod idolo (tto immoletfedulm ob/eruat^ 
ex akundantia, Cypr.prolog.AdfermonMW feeking what facrifice he may offer to Kis golden 
^°^lk^tiT'nfI ^od^/'fr/ij^ nefas^hc cares not how,his trouble is cndkffc^c re/cant diui' 
iix prafeatibm tza^tamen curt£ nejcio quid femper abeft rei : his wealth encrcafcth, and the 
bonis/tnfaiichr movc he hath, the more he wants; like Phxraohs leane kine , which devoii- 
P Wot cogt- fat,and were not fatisfied. K^uHin therefore defines couetoufnefle, 

iio nnnquam quarumlibet rerum inhonejlam infatiabilem c up id/tat em vnhoneft and 
'£rui'\trlTh ^"^^^^'^^^^ defire of gaine : and in one of his Epiflles compares it to Hell, 
gmu GuiLer. ^ ^^^ch devour es all^andyet never hath enough ^ a bottomlejfe pit^ an endleffer 
traa.. is.cap. mifcryj in que>n fcopulum avaritia eadnveroji fenes vt plurimum imp'mgunty 
^Hor 3 orf 24 which is their grcateft cotfiuc^they are in continuall fufpition, feare, 

^0 fim fun 't & diftruft. He thinkes his owne wife and children are fo many theeues,6<: goe 
petipiui fti'mn- about to cofen him,his feruants are all falfe : 
tliZlstaLii Rem/uamper^ffe/e^eradicarier, 
o ft aniulm ille Et d/uum at£ hominum clamat continuo fidem^ 

Vtmmmacu. Defuo tipiUoftquaexitforos. 

fomat ageUum, It his doores creeke,then out he crycs anon, 

f Lib. $.de lib. His goods are gone^and he is quite vndonc. 

it^diu'&amm ^Mdus Plutus^ an old prouerb, as fearefuH as Plutm-So doth Arifiophanes^ 
itne(dt babendi and Lucian bring him in fearcfuli ftilljpale, anxio-js, fufpitious, and trufting 
L^rao f/ijflji They are afraid of tem^efts for their corne-^they are afraid of their 

lis, &c, mjAumfi^^^^^ ^^^ft ^^^J fhould askefomething of themj^eq^ or borrovp^ they are afraid 
nen habet, hoc of their enimies leafl they hurt them^ theeues ieafl they rob them-, they are a- 
pfurTbabtt! fi^^^ ofvparre and afraid of peace ^ afraid of rich and afraid of ^oofe^ afraid of 
u Ernfm.Adai. aU.Laik ofall they are afraid of want that they fhall die beggars,which makes 
^^'K^NM ^^^"^I'^y^P vie that they haue: what if a deare yearecome 

^Imtes omJiim dearth, or fome lofle? & weare it not that they are loath to ^ lay out rao- 
fgmidm opes, ny on a ropc, they would be hanged forthwith , and fometimes dye to faue 
m'aiu^vocT charges,and make away themfelues,if their corne and cattle mifcarry^though 
Euripides:?ne- thcy hauc abundance left, as y AgeUitis notes. Valefitis makes mention of 
one that in a famine, louldamouiefor 200 pence and famifhed himfcHe: 
aid^o^m Such are their cares, a griefes and perpetuall fearcs* Theie fymp tomes arc 
rogenu Mien elegantly cxprefled by Theophraflm in his Charader of a couetous man, 
l!c^api*Juem ^ ^y^^^ ^^^^'^ ^^fi vphetherjhe fhut the trunkes^ andcheftsfajfy 

ttmentipacemtment^ fummoSfmedioSyinfmos.xHiWChzt.y^geUiuslib ^.cap.i. inttfdumee(celerU ptrvmimtob Imtmt 
vtvitampro^iamcomHient. xLib.7,cap.6. zOmnes^trpetHomofboapmtut, fu(j>icaturomes tlmiduSy fibig^^ obauruain- 
fidiariputatymnquamqatefcenSi Plm.ProcmJib.i/^. b dtp.ii.in leHoiacem mterrotflt vxmm an arcam probe ctaufit, ait caj^ 
fHla&cSltkojitr^efismlus etabfqjCalseis3a{(erifaliKemomm«bkm& lHfifmf & vixfmiio iadidimi, 


Part. i.Sed.i. Loue o f games leaf ures^i^c. Memb.5. Suda. x 

the capcafe be fealed^iind rvhe ther the Hall dore be bolted^ and though fhee fay 10^ 
dllu rveil^he rifet h out of hit bed in his fh/rt be are- foot and beare-legged^to fee 
whether it be fo^tvith a darke lanthorn Searching ettery corner ^(lslicq ileeping 
a winke al night. Lucian in that pleafant and witty dialogue called Galius^ 
brings in Myci^us the Cobler dilputing with his Cocke, fomecimes Pytha- cCurli fxteHuc-i 
goraSyVjhcxc after much fpeechProand Con^to proijethe happinefle of a ^^cumfu^utm 
meanc eftatCjand difcontents of a rich man, Pythagoras his Cock in the end, ^ cam quen- 
to illiirtratc by examples that which he had faid, brings him to Gnyphon the l^Timl'emff^ 
Vfurers houfe at mid-nighr, and after that to Eucrates: whom they found iqyitm exiingui 
both awake, cafling vp their accounts,and telling of their mony,^ Icane,dry , ^"^0 fiecaufk 
pale, &anxious , ftiil fufpeding leaft lome body ftould make a hole through '^^^^'^^^1^, 
the wall, and fo get in, or if a Raite or Moule did but flirre, ikrting vp on a qaarH qu^ritiu 
fuddaine, and running to the dore to fee whether all were faft. P/autus in his ^^^l^^^J^H^^ 
f^ulularid^ makes old Euciio^ ^ commanding StaphyU his wife to fhut the „iiferk, ouLfe 
doores fall, and the fire to be put out, Icall any body l"hould make thatan fiy'^YeiuMKi 
errant to come to his houfe; when hee wafhed his hand s, t he was loath to 
fling away the foule water, complaining that hee was vndone becaufe ihc domoabeuedum 
finooke got out of the roofe. And as he went from home, feeing a ^"^^^^ fyf^^^J^^^'^^ 
fcrat vpon the muck hill, returned iaall hafi, taking it for wAlum omen^m ill ^^^^^ nucimd 
(igne,his mony was digged vp, with many fuch. Hee that will but obferue agamfdo, 
their anions, (hall finde thcfc and many fuch paflages not faigned for fport, '^,^^'2T&c, 
but really performed, verified indeed by fuch couetous and miferablc wret- yeiiitjum /«- 

ches, and that it is, ^ "^mamfrftavhrenefts '"f; ^^i''^ 

Vt locufles mor tarts egentt vtuere jjito^ ^ lav.Sat, 14. 

A meerc madnefle, to liue like a wretch,and die rich. 

S V B S H C T. 13. 

Loue ofgaming^d'c, andpleafuresjmmoderateicaufeu 

T is a wonder to fee, how many poorc, diflrcflcd, miferable 
wretches, one fhallmeetealmoft ineuery path and fireet, beg- 
ging for an almes,thathaue bin well defcended, & fometimesin 
flourifhing cftatc,now tagged, tottered,and ready to be ff arucd, 
lingering out a painfull life,in difcontent and griefe of body and minde^and 
all through immoderate Iuft,gaming5pleafure and riot.'Tis the common end 
ofallfenUiall Epicures and brutifliprodigallsj that are ftupified and carried 
away headlong with their feucrall pleafurcs and lufts. C^-^f j in his table, S. 
^mbrofe in his fecond booke of 0!f^^;/and C4///,and amongf^ the reil Luci" 
anmhhm^de CMercede conduciii^ hath excellent well deciphered fuch 
mens proceedings in his pidure oiopulentia, whom he faigncs to dwell on 
the top of an high mount, much fought after by many futors; at their firfl 
comming they are generally entertained by Pleafure and Dalliance^md haue 
all the content that pofTible may be giuen , fo long as dicir mony lafis: but 
when their meanes faile, they arc contemptibly thrufl out at a backe doore 
headlong, and there left to 5/'^/w^,^^'p?'<7/«c^, Bejpaire. And heat firflthat 
had fo many attendants,parafites,and followers, young and lufty, richly ar- 
rayed, and all the dainty faire that rnight be had, with all kinde of welcome 


Vm.iSe£t,t. Caufes of Melancholy. Memb.5.Subf 15.^ 

^ — — — 

X 10 and good refpcd:, is now vpon a fudden ftript ofall^pale, naked, old, difea- 
, fed, and forfaken, curfing his ftarres,& ready to ftrangle himfclfcjhauing no 
O^QXcom^my hut Repentance^Sorrowe^Griefeperifiort^ Beggery^ Z^iCm* 
tem^t^ which are his dayly attendants to his lines end. As the S prodigall 
fonne had exquifite muficke, merry company, dainty faire at firft; but a (br- 
^ZdmlT^m, ^"^^ I'eckoning in the end: fo haue all fuch vaine delights and their' followers. 
UmpAonm ^ ^ Trips voluptatum exitus^& quifquis voluptatum f /arum remiftifci volet ^ 
occui:aHs,(iex' i»teU/get,asbitter: gall and worme wood is their laft : griefe ofminde^ 
iuiamiomH "^adneiTe itfelfe. The ordinary rockes vpon which fuch men doe impinge & 
oHtm exeunti precipitate themfelucs, are Gardes, Dice, Hawkes, and Hounds , Injanum 
^^um^confi^'^^^'^^^^fi^^^^^ it, tnfandt fubftrudiones, their mad ftru6lurcs, 

&c. difports,play es^&c.wheri they are vnfeafbnably vfed, imprudently handled, 
xuke.iy. and beyond their fortunes. Some menareconfumed by mad phantafticalJ 
\hiOtctnm. buildings,by making Walkcs,OrchardSjGardens,Bowers, and fuch places 
tluidfimncoC' of pleafure, Inutile s domos} Xenophon calls them, which howfoeuer they be 
tendam m qm cJelightfofne things in thcnifelues, and acceptable to all beholders, an orna- 
Tdmminutiies mcnt^ and befitting fbme great men: yet vnprofitable to others, and the fbJe 
lediftcantyinqidt ouerthrow of their eftates. j^<7r^j?^inhisobferuationshath an example of 
ksS«w»/& ^"^^ ^ one, that became melancholy vpon the like occaGon, hauing confu- 
Poiycrat. liki, med his fubftancc in an vnprofitable building, whicli would afterward yeeld 
'""^m^dluci" h^'^J^o^^"^fif3ge.Others,Ifay, are^ ouerthrowne by thofemadfportsof 
fiitutmem rc- Hauking and Huntings honeft recreations and fit for feme great men, but 
dokm centau- not for cuery bale inferiour perfoiwhilft they will n^aintain i heir Faulkoners, 
vlnhur^qtl^ua ^^gg^^j hunting Nagges,their wealth (aith Salmutze,runnes arvay vpith 
torm mdefliu hounds ^and their fortunes flye awayvptth Haukes. They perfccutc beafts fb 
long, till in the end they themfel^^^ intobeafc,as ^ i^grippA 

credo fobrm vn- t^xeth them," A^AOn hke: for as he was eaten to death by his owne dogges, 
qttam. fo doe they deuoure themfelues and their patrimonies, in fuch idle and vn- 
Ij'^rilfes* neglcdinginthemeane time their moreneceflarybufi. 
cum accipure, fleflc, and to follo w their vocations. Oue,r jjiad too (omctimes are ouer great 
m inftgnii ^f- men in following, and dooting too much' on it. ^When they driue poort 
%"J&rupewa' husbandmen from their t/Uagey^s Sarishurienfis obie6i:s polycratjih. i. cap a^, 
tantamamn fmg dovone country farmesy andrphole townesj to make ?arkes, and Forejls, 
VemdanU^"* -ft^^^^^S. feed beafls^and^ punijhing in the meanetime fuch a man that 
fiunt,ipfabiefla fhallmoleB their game^morefeuerely then him that is othervptfe a common hac^ 
mnihumanitA- ^^^^ qjt a notorious thee^e. But great men are fome waies to be excufed the 
nmntvt JEe- meaner fort haue no euafion why they fhould not be counted mad. Poggius 
my &c.^ the Florentine tells a mery ftory to this purpofe, condemning the folly and 
w^fwo?^^"' impertinent bufinelTe offuch kinde of perfons, A Phifitian ofi^^////«;!7/aith he, 
"0 Agrippa de that cured mad men, had a pit of water in his houfe in wbich he kept his pa- 
^ vank. rcie:!t.ln-. tjents, fomc vp to the knees, fome to the girdle, fome to the chinne,»r<? modo 
pZCdmk inf^^i^^^ th^ were more or lefTeaffeaed. One ofthem by chance that was 
muaiibusarcen- well recou "red,ftood in the doore, and feeing a gallant ride by with a hauke 
TJmtZ^'P^'-^^ ^^^^ mounted, with his fpaniels after him, would needs know to 

dia ru(lk/s>a2ri- 

colenispracludumur (yliue&prata piflorlbiis, vt augeariturpafcua feris, -^"Maieflatis retua^rkola fi gudarlt. p A »<>- 
ualihHS futt arcentur aqrtcoUdmfertehabeantvagaadtlwertatem: ifiUyVtpafcua augtmiHr, prcedto Cubt^abuntuY ^c.Smis* 
bmtn[ii, qFeriiqum bQwiinAm^ln^iU Cmbd,diQml, C9B3.jW3^, gcckfiat matrices dep9pttlatmefi ad ForeflaiH 


' ■ . • — I ' — — 7 — -r^ — — n : — r 

what vlcall this preparation feruedj hee made aiifweie to, kill certaine fowle: 1 li 
the patient demaunded againe,what his fovvlc might be vvotth which he kil- 
led in a yearej he replied 5 or 10 Crovvnes* and when hee vrged hijn farther, 
what his Dogges,Horre,and Hawks flood him in,he told him 400 Crov/ns: ^ ^ 
with that the patient bad him be gone ar> he loued his life and welfare , for if lUu^^'tJn 'u 
our mafter come and finde thee herc^hc will put tfice in the pit amonglt mad 4 <ifc vu.Leon, 
men vp to the chinnc: Taxing the madnefle andfolly of fuch vainc men that l^g„a,}o„ittis 
fpend themfelues in thofe idle rportS5ncgIe6ting their biifinelle and nccdfa- tdtoftrdn fi-^ 
ry affaires. Leo Decimus^ that hunting Pope , is much difcommended by /<?- ^^^-'^ ^ 
njiHs in his life>for his immoderate ddire of hanking and hunting, in fo.much, ["^'utinfeiici^ 
that (^as he faith) he would fometimcs Hue about O/lia wcckcs and monxlis lerven^tt^j tm 
togecher^Ieaue (liters ^ vnrefpededjBuIls and Pardons vnngned,to his owre 
prciudicc,and many priuate menslofle. ^A^d ifh^ hAdhsefjehychamecrof vmaufbifi 
fed in (port yOr his gm^ notfo good ^ hee^ lepas Jo impatie?it , thH ""■^ tohthmeita 
he rpould revile and mifcall mmy times men 0^ gre^t -worth rvith fj-o/i hn ^c ed^iietTqiiA- 
ter Umts^ looker fo fovore^ bec^ Jo angrte^ And wajpt^ , /o grieued And U vu .m am- 
molefled^ that it is incredible^ to relate it. But if hee f !ad Pood fport, had f ^* j*' 
bcene wcllplealed on the other ixiX^^tncredibile mumpcentiAy^ym vnlpeak- amq^ }»4met, 
able bounty and munificence he would reward all his fcllowe hunters, and^^. ^ 
deny nothixig to any futer when hee was in that mood. To fay truthj'tis the loeT?uimain' 
cominon humour of al' gamcfiers, as Calateus obferucs, if they win nomcnJi'ume(i,ud(h 
liuing are fo ioviall and merry, " but if they loofe , though it bee bu: a trifle, l.^t;/^^^'/'^, 
two or three games at tables , or a dealing at Gardes for two pence a game^, eep:ui fc. 
they are fo cholericke and tc^ty that no man may (peake with them,& breake ^ i'*ve"-Sat.9, 
many rimes into violent paffionSjOathSjimprecations , & vnbefseming ^^cc-^^'^^^-^j^^ 
cheSjIittle differing from mad men for the time. Generally of all Gamikrs &i itur Ad caium 
pamine , if it beexcefliue , thus much wee may conclude.thac whether they ^.^l^f^^Pfi^^ 
wm or loofe for the prelentjtheir winnings are not, Munerxjortun^t Jedinji' ummm in(iit, 
di£^as that wife Seneca determincs,not fortunes gifts but baits, the common wm4- wtenifc- 
Catafirophe is beggery , t vt pejits vitam^fic adimtt dex pecmiam , as the ^pTwtl^^ 
plague takes away life,doth gaming goods/or * omnes nudi^ inopes ^ ege> & ^au^ertatu 
ni- * (^y^lea Scylla vorax (bectes certikima (urti^ ''^ 

Non content A bonts ammum quog^ perjida mergtt, pimmo^i, reue» 

Fcedafi4raxJnJawis^tnersJuriofa^rmna, remiim.quum 
for a little pleafure they take, and fome fmallgainesandgettirigshowandl^^lj'l^^^^^ 
then,their wiucs and children are wringed in the meanc timc,and they them- dtiabitur & 74- 
felues with loffe of body and foule , rue it in the endc. I will fay nothing f.^"'^ 
thofe prodigioiisprodiRaIs,/'^rrf'/^W^/>^'f/^;2/>^^-^/>^?/5as Anthony, \ Dmboderill 

Qui patriwomum fine z Ua fori cdumnia amittuntfiith * Cypriany^v\d Y mad ^M.Sm'tu^ 
Sybariticall fpendthrifts , qitt^ vna comedunt patrimonia coena , that eat vp 
all atabreakfaft,ata fupper^or amongft Baudes,Parafites , and Players, con- i'sa/«/?. 
fume themfelues in an inihnt,as if they had flung it into f Tyyur^ with great s.Wif 
wagers,vainc and idle cxpences.;&c.'^ Iratipecunm^ as he faith, angry with y p'!^^^ 
their mony: ^ what vcith a yvanton eye, a l/^uorijh tongue , and a gArneJom^ riHpph.c^iu all 
handyVjhcti they haue vndifcieetly impou-rilhed themfelues , and entombed ^""^^^ 
their anccftors fiirc pofielHons in their bowcls,they may lead the reft of their in,am,n 

Spontamm adCe Uahmt furor os & mes & eculos rives faclxnt (morh & dmr(p)ij,ChrJfoJl.hom.7 J < t jP«ji-i?*» J** 
^ifilib.ijet^ea, z Seneca, aHalU 

P dayes 

Part. i.Sed:.!. Caufes of Melancholy. Memb.j. Subf. 1 3, 

112 daies in prifon^as many times they doe^there repent at Icafurcj and when all 
b Jn Sat.i 1 . 15 gQi^Q beginne to be thrifty ; but Sera eft in [undo parfimonia , 'tis then too 
crimna'&Ze ^^^^ lookc aboiitj tlieir end is mirery,(brrow,rhame,and difcontent. And 
fteme guia quii well they dcferue to be infamous and difcontent, CaUn^fd/ari in^mphi- 
ummet exktts. theatrOyZ.s by Adrian the EiDperours edi»5l they were of old , decociores IfO^ 
mZZ^fi^''' norum fuorum^ fo he calls chcm5prodigalI fooles/o bepubiikely <\^2^Xi^Ci(^^ & 
^xnhnd- hilTcd out of all focieties,rather then to be pitded , or rclicued. t The Tnf 
utx'ab Alex ^^^^^ BoetUns brought their banckrupts into the market pkice in a beare 
like.cjp. 10. * v\ iihan empty purfe carried before them , all the boycs following , where 
idcmGerbeiiin, ^\^^y(^^Q ^11 (^^y cJrcum/lanUpIe^e ^ to bee infamous and ridiculous. At 
i'^FmM^ifon * Pa^ft^ i" ^^''4' t'^ey ^i^c a ftone^ called t/je pne of T urpitttde , nere the Se- 
nate houfc^where rpendth^fts,and fuch as difclaime non-payment of debrs^ 
doe fit with their hinder parts bare,that by that note of difgracc^others may 
be terrified from all fuch vaine expence, or borrowing more then they can 
tell how to pay. 

I may not here omit thofe two maine plagues and comnon dotages of 
humane kinde^Wineand Women, which haiie iniatuared & befottcd My- 
riades of people. They goc commonly together, 
t s,it. s. t Qji^ '^i^o indulg etj (^uem^ dea doccqnitjUe 

Inveneremputris. ' 
To whom is fbrrOw, faith Solomon^Prov, 2 3.29.10 whom is woc^but to fuch 
a one as loues drinke.?it caufeth torture,and bitternefle of minde,5'/m.3 1.21 
Vinum furoris^Ieremj/ calls it, \ '^^cap.Wmo. of madnelle,as well he may,for m- 
cVocuim quaji ftnire ficit fanos^ii makes found men ficke and fad , and wife men ^ rnad. To 
fl'^mujlTgmm ^^^y ^"^^^ wh^l. Acctdit hodte terribilis cafpts ( faith * 5« 

facimtjiaiiitra Au/I/nJhcuic a miferable accidentjC^r////^ fonne this day in his drinke , ma- 
mmtuT^ ^^^^P^^g^'^^f^^^^^^^^^^^^PP^^P^^fi^^f'^^ TJiolare voimt ^ patremoccidit 
in Proverb. cci-fif'^y& ^^-^ alias forores id mortem vulneravit , would haue violated his fi- 
•Vkum wnigeu fter,killed his fathcrj&c. A true faying it was of him, yim dart Ufttiam ^ 
Trov"u'^' ^o/orem,dnnke caufeth mirth , and drinke caufeth fbrrow , drinke caufeth po. 
*Ser. . ad verty and rvantfProv.i i .) jlume and difgrace^Multi igmhiles evafere ob vi^ 
pat. JO Erem. mpotum,& f Auflin ) amips honorihm profugi aberrarunt: Majiv men haue 
made Obipwracke of their fortunes^and goe like rogues and beggars, that o- 
ther wife might haue liued in good worfhip and happy efiace , and for a fewe 
i^nberx vmm hourespleafure,ordyy^<?/;?^^i^?^y72',as ^^-^^^-ftf teariBesir,purchare vnto thcn> 
hot a mfaniam felues cternall tedioulhefle and trouble. 

teterno tempom That Other madncffc is on vfovcitn^ApoJlatarefacit cor: faith the wife man, 
iMcm£. homini cerebrum minttit, Pleafant at firft fhe is , like Dtofcorides Rhodo- 
daphne,that take plant to the ey e,but poyfbn to the taft , the rert as bitter as 
wormewood in the end^'Prf z'. 5.4.>nd fharpe as a two-cd^ed fword (^,2 1) 
her houfe is the way to heU,andgoes downe to the chambers of death. What 
more forrowfully can be faid: they are miferable in this life, mad, beaOs, led 
cProv.f . like e Oxen to the flaughter : and that which is worfe , whoremaflers & drun- 
kards fhall be iudged^rf^zi/^^^/^r^^/^w/aith Aupn^perdunt gloriam, incur- 
runt dammtionem <£ternx>n^ They loofe grace and glory, 

. — ^ hrevis iidvoluptits 

^^rogAtAternum coeUdecm * they gaine Hell and 

etcmall damnation. 


- ' ' " ' I », II - I - 11 I ■ II ' 

Parta.^ed.Zr- " Vaineglory.fride,ioy,fra{Jejf^c - Meitib,3.SuW,f4 


S V E S E C To 14, 

PhiUuth^or Selfe.ioue ^Vxine-gloYy ^ Pra'ffe^HonourJmmoderaie 
Appiatfe^ Pride ^over-much loy^(^c. caufes, 

Elfe-louc, Ptide5and Vaine-glory, which chryfoflomt calls one of ^^^gittaraa 
the DiueJs three great nets ; ^ ^ermrd , an arroxv which pierceth /^"'J^S'^^e- 
the Soule through^ and flay es it^ a (lye i^ifenfihle enimy^ mtpercei- nctratfid ncn. ' 
ved,ai[e ma'mc caufes. Whexe neither anger, luft, coueroufnefle, ^IHJ^^^^^^ 
feare,rorrow,&C;nor any othet perturbation can lay. hold^this will flyly and '"^^i^cmnm 
infenfibly ^ctwctiys^Quemnof^guUvidtyPhilautiAf»peravit(jL^ii\^ pccuniarum id^ 

whom furfctting could not ouertake^Selfe-loue hath ouercome. p Heethat^^^^^^j^^l^ 
hath feornedaU money J^rilfes jgiflSyVprightothervpife md ftmereJjAth infer- nathni mm 
tedhimfelfe to nofindlmagination^andfujlained alltho/e tyrannualiconcu- ""^"d' fe mmi- 
fifcences of the bodyfoath loH all his honour ^captivated by Vaine-glory.chry- raJ/eas corp- 
joH f up Jo JTufblaammum/nentem^^peturis gloria- h^iQ!it2i^Si^^^^ caufc ancupiicen- 
of our prelent maladyjalthough we doc moi\ part negledl, take no notice of j^'^^^'^^^j^^J'^^^^^ 
it, yet this is a violent batterer of our Soules , caufeth Melancholy and Do' ti i vana gieru 
tage; This plcafing humour, this foft and whifpcring popular ayiQ^Amabilis ;'f^^</<;- 

this delegable Frcnfy,moO; irrefragable paflion, Mentis gratif^imm J^^^^ corrqyti^ 
error acceptable difeale , which fo (weetly fets vpon vs , ravidieth our non cogitant de 
fenfesJuUes our foules afleepe.puffes vp our hearts as fo many bladders . and !^ff.^J^' * , 
that Without all reeling;," that thofe that are mfa^ecied vptth tt^neuerfo much urm avenks 
as once perceaue it, or thinke of my cure, VVc commonly loue him beft in this P Z^*^*'- 
5 malady jthat doth vs moft harmejand are very willing to be hurt; adulationi- ^}!iumdc^cuhl 
bus no (Iris libenter favemusf^mh. ^ Hierome) wc loue him,wee loue him for w>^j«. 
\x.: O Bonciarifttave ^fuavefuit ate tali h^c tribui-^ 'twas fweet to beare it. ^g^^^Jj^J^"^ 
and as t Pliny doth ingenioufly confeffe to his deare friend ^ugurinu^ ^ all | Epifljib.^. 
thy writings are mo fl acceptable jyut thofe eJpecUlly that fpe.tkt of vs, Againe, ^^'"^w tuafaU 
a little after to CMaxtmus^'^ I cannot exprejfe how pleafing it is to me toheare Ixipi'mTjm^t 
my felfe commended. Though we fmile to our felues, at leaft Ironically 5whcn metamn iUa. ' 
Parafitesbedawb vs with M(q Encomions , as many Princes cannot choofcft^'^^''^^' 
hut doc J quum tale quid nihil intra fe repererint , when they knovve they nanpoffum quA 
comeasfarrefhort^asaMoufeto an Elephant , ofany fuch vertues ; yetit./?^i^«^«K^/««?> 
doth vs good. Though we feeme many times to be angry,«^ and blufh at our t^iiiem. & 
ewne^raifes^yet our foules intfpardly reioyce Jtpuffesvsvp , makes vsfweUiicct noihidlt: 
beyond our bounds .and fer get ourfelues. Her two daughters are lightnelle o^»osdicimu4^& 

' . . ,'^1.1 11- • calidm rubor ih 

ininde,immoderate loy and pride , not excluding thole other concomitant ^a^^^^^;,^^,^ ■ 
vices,which t lodochm Lorichim reckons vp,Bragging,Hypocrifie,Peeuifhr (^tiAmen adiau' 

neffe^and Curiofitie. ^ 'ii.:ri t ) : ^ IZcaZ^^ 

Kg w the common caufe of this milchiefc , anlcth from our felues or o- 
thcrs " we are adiue and paflfiue. It proceeds inwardly from our felues , as 1 ^ijfl^iur.Theej 
wearea(5tiuc caules, from an ouer- weening conceit wee haue or our good hi cornea jibra 
partSjOwne worth, ^which indeed is no worth ) our bounty , fauour, grace, efUPer. ^ 
gentry,knowledge,wit,{cicncc,art,learning,o our excellent gifts & fortunes, vkk.Terf.i, 
for which Narciffw like^vye admire,flatter,and applaud our felttes.and think ^''^ 

p 3 «in 

Part. i.Seft.i. Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmb.5 .vyubf. 14 

i 14 all the world efteemes fo of vs; and as deformed women eafily belecue thofe 
that tell them they be faire,we are too credulous of our owne good parts and 
praifes,too well perfwaded of our felues. We brag and vcnditate our P own 
p omnu en'm workes^and fcornc all others in rciped of vsj /»flati fcientia, ( faith Pad) our 
no(lra,fupra wifdome,*! our learning', all our geefc are ftvannes^and as bafcly efteeme and 
T^Tiota"^' ^^^^^^ '^^^^^ mens,as we doe ouer-highly prize and value our ownc. We wil 
q mdemrml- "ot fuffcr them to be in fecundUy no not in tertijs 5 what ? Mecum confertur 
la qui compomit vlyffes} they are Mures ^Mufcdt.culices fra fe,x\mts and flies compared to his 
gnudem^crM- inexorable and fupcrcilious,eminent and arrogant worfliip. Though indeed 
uiy&fevene- they be firre before vs. Only wife,only rich,onely fortunate, valourous, and 
cf /^f^^ faire^as that T^voud^ Pharifee^nhcy are not(as they fuppofe )ltke other men, of 
dum qiiicquid ^ puret and more pretious mettle: So/i reigerendA funt e f peaces j\^h\ch that 
fcrijifoe beati. wife Vev Under held of fuch : t medttantur omnem quiprius negotium^^c, 
fiwtis^io ^ovi quendam({axihErafmHs)l\sxKwt one fb;arrog.?nt that hee thought 
lyiitfo'f/ap. ' himfelfe inferiour to no man lining, like Caltfihenes the Philofopher , that 
1 Detndiorc /«• neither held Alemnders A(5ls,or any other fubie6l worthy of his penne, fuch 
dianLaf^"^' ^"^^ ^is infolcncy : or Selencu^ king of SyriA ^ who thought none fit to con- 
i chM-^. Cent, tend with him but the Romans eosfolos dignos ratm qmbttfcum de imperio 
fcZdeut^' That which T ully writ to Atticm long fince, is ftili in lorce, * ihere 

mnem vU m never yet true Poet nor Orator , that thought any other better then him- 
ft p4aniroii je^fe. And I'uch for the moft part are your Princes , Potentates, great Philo- 

ifWipyjrvM/lx- ^^P , and all our great 

andagep. in- Schollers,as " Hierom. defines; A natural Philofopher k glories creature^ and 
^fuTeiSret ^ '^^'7 'fif»ourjame^and popular opinion, Vchis c-r famai mefemper 
lo.Voifm iib.i. ^/,f^ith Trebell^u4 Pollio^ haue wholy confecrated my felfe to you & Fame. 
cap,9.dchill. 'Tu allmy dejtre^ mght andday^thts is allmy Jludy ^ to rat ferny name. Proud 
cJi«!r^ ^^^^y Seconds \\\m:^Quanquam O ! f .and that vaine-glorioiis ^ Oratour,is 
*iV«wJ mqua, notafTiaiBed to confeiie in an Epiftle of his to Marcus Lecceitis : y Ardeo in- 
^or^ir^ » S ^^^^^^^^^ cupiditate,^cjburne with an incredible defire^ to haue my ^ namt 
fltloumlt'^^g^P^^i^thy booke. Out of this fountaine proceed all thofe crackcs and 
VumetuK bragges, — ^fperamm carmina fingi Pojfe linen da cedro , ^ leni fervanda 
PmmchiL <^»pr^lfo---^ Nonvfitatanec tenmferarpenna,--^nec in terra morahor Ion- 
MundiPhilofa-gius. ^ Nilparvumaut humtlimodo^ntlmortde loquorADicoT qua violens 
^^^^pX^^¥^^P^^^^-fi^^' — ^^^Z^^^^^^^n^^^^reperennim, lam^opus exegi^ 
'^luJZ\u*V*^^^^'^^^'^^^^*^^^'k^^^^^-^^ partetamen melt- 

tmtm venule Ore meifuper altaperennis aftra ferarynomeni erit indclehile noflrum. ''This 

toni fun. DkbM And when lam dead and gone, 

(jc noaibus, hoc My cofps laid vnder a ftonc 

^'uS'';iL Myhmefliallyetfutviue, ' 

levm humo. Id And I fhall bc aliue, 

voto meofufficit J „ thefc my workes for euer. 

My glory fhall pcrfeuer,&c. And that o^Ennim, 
y vt nomen m- Nemo me lachrymis decoret nea funera fletu 

ZftX!'"'' . Faxit.curlvolitodoaaperlravirkk 
7. inquiei am- With many fuch proud ftraines and foolifb flafhcs too common with writers^ 


niiam,noaes&dUs<uigebatuu Henfmrat.fmb,deScaU ^HofArt^Tott, hOivmA.Jmiomexeiuyadilikt 


Part. I . Scd.z . Vaineglorj^frideyioyjpraife, f^c M ernb. 3 . Subf. i 4= 

'Not fo much as Democharis on the ^ Topkks, but he will be iinmortall, and 115 
every triviall Poet miift be renowned . This puffing humour is it , that hath c ^» ^'^.8. 
produced many great tomcs^built fuch famous monuments , ftrong Ca- . 
illcs,and Maufolexn Tombs,to haue their ads eternized, — Digitomonflrari 
C^r dicier hie eft-^ to fee their names inlcribedjas/V^r^/^^ on the walls oiThebes 
f hrynefecit-^ This caufeth fo (many battles , — £^ noEies cogtt vigiUreferc- 
fias\ Long iournieSj Magnum iter intendo^fed dat mihi gloria, vires ^ 
a little applaufe^Pride , felfc-Ioiie, Vaine-glory. This is it which makes them 
take fuch paines^and breake out into thofo ridiculous flraines, this high con- 
ceit of thcmlclues , ^ to fcorne all others ; ridicitlo fasiu ^ tntolerAn^o con- f pg^^^^j j^^^ 
tempt UySLs t PaUmon the Grammarian contemned P^arro ,/ecum ^ mtas & Hcere, 
moritaras literal iaBans^zwd brings them to that height of infolency , that ^ ^f^^fonjibM 
they cannot indure to be contradidedj § or heare of any thing hut their ovpne g ^"Jj^/ \i\}fnt&( 
commenAatfon,wh\ch Hierorn notes of fuch kinde of men. And as * <^ujlin aadium/iifi 
well feconds him, V« their file Jludy day and night to bee commended and ap- i^^^f ^^^'j^^,-^ 
plauded. When as indeedjin all wife mens iiidgements , corfipit^ hiiafrnddies 
they are ^ mad,empty veflels/unges^befidc thcmfelues,derided,d' '^^ Came- I'^ff^'^^'pl^ 
Im in pr over bio quarens ^cornua^etiam quas habebat aures ami fit ^ their works laudm-. 
acetoyes^asan AlmanakeoutofdatCjt^^^^i'^/J/'^'A'^/^/^^^^^^^/^^^^^y^^jthcy tm ab homm- 
febke fame and immortality ^but reap difhonour and infamy, they area com- ^'^^^^ ^^^^^ 
monobloquie,/^/^/'/,and come farrefhort of that which theyfuppofe or dmemia ant " 
ex;ped. * O puer vt fis vitdis metao. It is not as they vainely thinke , as one J^^j' ^^^^f^ 
told Philip of Macedon infulting after a vidory, that his fhadow was no Ion- ^^l^gbgiomm^ 
ger then befor^,we may fay to them, crucmUnfam- 
Nosdemiramur.fednoncumdefide vulgo^ - ^ ^wf^/^ft" 

Sedvdut Harpy tU^Gorgonai^& Furia^. me.A4iu.c0nf. 

We marvailetoOjnotas the vulgar we, Ub.io.cap.rt. 

But as we Gorgons, Harpy ,or Furies fee, iHtfy.S4u.uI 
Oi if we doe applaud,honour and adtn'nc^^quota pars, how (mail a part in re- ' 
fped of the whole world , neuer fo much as hcares our names , how fevv^ take 
notice of vs^quam brevis hie de nobis fermo^^s t hce faid , how lliort a time, + T(tl./ont.fcip„ 
how little a while doth this fame of ours continue ? Every priuate Province, 
euery final territory ,and citty,when we haue all done, will yeeld as generous 
lpirits,as braue examples in all refpe6ts,as famous as our {diics^Cadrva/lader 
in fVales^Rollo mNormandyyRobbin'hoed and Littk lohn , are as much re- 
nowned in Shertvood^SiS Cafar in Rome ^Alexander in Greece, ox his Hephejii' 
on.fOmnii at as omnif^ populm in exemplum df admirationem Every jPumn.c'tfalpi 

towne.citty.booke is full of braue fouldiers,Senatours,Schollers, & though ^fl ^ 
* "Bracjdas was a worthy Captainc, a good mari, and as they thought not to ^^^^^ * *^ 
be matched in Lacedamon , yet as his mother truely faid plures habet Sparta 
'Bracyda meliores^ Sparta had many better men then ever he was , and how- 
focuer thou admirefi thy felfe,thy friend,many an obfcure fellowe the world 
neuer took notice of,had he beene in place ot adion, would haue done much 
bettetjthenheorhCjOr thouthyfolfe. , .. . . 

Another kinde of mad men there is oppofitc to theje , that are infcnfibly 
mad,and knowc not ofit,luch as contemne all praifeand glory , think them* 
fclues moft free,when as indeed they are mofl mad : calcantfed aliofajlu^: a 
company of Cy nicks, fuch as are Monks , Hermits^ AnachoriteSj that con- 

P 3 

Part, I .Sed.i. C^ujes of Melancholy, Memb. 5 .Subf 14V 

n6 temnc the worldjcontemne theinfeiiic^^contemnes all titIes,honoiirs3officcs; 
and yet in that contempt , are more pi oud then any man liuing whatfoeuer* 
They arc proud in humility; proud in that they arc not proud ^fipc homo de 
vmitglorUcontem^tu^Aniu'SglorUtur^s Auftin hath \x^confeJf,lib, lo.cap^ 
3 8 . like Diogenes ^mtrngloruntur, ihQy brag inwardly , and feed themfelues 
fat with a felfe conceit of fandity^which is no better then Hypocrifie. They 
goe in (licepcs ruflet,many great men , that might maintaine themfelues in 
cloath of gold^and feeme to be deieded , humble by their outward carriage, 
when as inwardly they are fvvolne full of pride^arrogancy, and felfe-conceit. 
]Lt.pi^,\i.illud And.therefore Seneca advifech his friend Lucilm^ ^ in hu attire andgejlure^ 
€orimZ7rcfa ^^^^"^^^ a6iisns,eJpeciAUy to avoid all fuch things as are more notable in them 
tias, qui non fe/ues: OS a rffgged attire Jb 'trfute head^horridheard,contempt ofmony^cOurf^ 
poficm^ fed lodging^and rvhat/oeuer leads to jame that oppapte way, 
qt*iinb7bhu* All this madnefie yet proceeds from our felues , the maine engine Which 
tHo^autgtme batters vs,is from others,we are meerely pafliue in this bufincfic: from a com- 
jujrA^um P^"yo^P^i^^fit^^ fl^ft'^^^fs, that with immoderate praife, and bumbaft 
tuitum& vki- EpithiteSjglofing titles,falfe elogiums , fo bedawbe and applaud^guild ouec 
ofumcapnt/aeg- many a filly and vndcferuing man , that they clap him quite out of his wits, 
bfZm,kuim iwprimis violent a efl^is Hterome notes, this common applaufe is a moft 
argcnto' edium. Violent thmgjau dump Id cent a ^ih.^t fattens mcn,erei5^s and deied^s them in an 
%m &^\ic ^ Palma negata macrum^clonata reducit opimum. 

qS'ad iTudm m^ii^es them fat and lcane,as froll doth Conies. ^ who ii thai mort ill 
pewerfa via mm that canfo containe himfelfe^that ij he be immoderately commended ^and 
fiquitur,evtta. applauded rv ill not he moued. Let him be what he will, thofe Parafites will o- 
m iuk vera verturnc him. If he be a King,'he is one of the Nine Worthies, more then a 
tambenemdii. ^an^a God forthwith. — f edi^umDomini Deiq, noflrii and they will facri- 
mvit.ut eumaf- "CC vnto him ---^ divmos ft tu pattarts honor es^ 
ffdu<e& immo' Vltro ipfidabimm meritafjjukcrabimusaras, 

tnmtfmT ^^^^ ^ ^^^'^^^^h^^'^'^hem'tjMes^Epaminondas.Ueaor, AchMes, duo ful^ 
Hm.sieph. ' mina belli ^ triumviri terra7um,drc, and the valour ofboth5"fir/>/d?<?jistoo 
t ^^^^^'^ little for him,he is tnvi^ipmm/erenipmusjmttltis troph^k ormtipmm,zV 
though he neuer durft looke his enimie in the face. If he be a big man,thcn is 
ht^Sampfon^dXXQihziHerculesi ifhee pronounce a fpecch,anothcrr/^i/;/ or 
Bemofthenes: as of Herod in the ^^s^ the voice of God, and not of man : If 
niwm.Giorla can make a vcrfe. Homer , Firgil^ ^c. And then my filly weake Patient, 
tmum elam, takcs all thcfe elogiums to himfelfe ; if he bee a SchoUer fo commended for 
7b4nZuc. reading,excellent %le,method,&c.hc will evifceratc himfelfe as a 

re,qmd commie- fpider,ftudy tojdeath, Laudatas ojlendit avis lunonia pennas 
J^T™ Pf i^I/^^^ Y wiU difplay all his feathers. If he bee a Soiadier,a;d fo ap. 
a mmjpeaan. plaudcd ,his valour cxtoI d,though it be impar cpngrejfus^ as that oiTroilm 
ubm, tgreiium and AchiUes^Infelix puer^hc will combat with a Giant, As another " Philip- 

peitas curre per and he wUl beggar himfelfe, commend his temperance, hee will ftarue him- 

felfe. • laudata£ virtus 

^fispiacw!& , ^ Crefeitc!rimfHenfumgloriacalcarhdbet, 

decimatio fias, he is mad,mad,mad,no whoe with him, he will ouer the <» Alpes to be talked 

K^'h^-^^'?'^''™^^"'''"^^''"^'^^^- ^^'^"?^"^ ^« ambitious man, fome proud 
Prince or Potcncatc,5/>/«j apo laudetur([mh P Erafmt^s Jcrislas er 'tgit^ex^ 


parM.Se£l:-i^ Vaineglorj,pide^iojjpraife,&c. Memb.3.Si:bCi4. 

ff^t hominem^ deum fe put at : he fets vp his creft,and will be no longer a man 117 

IxitaGod. -Uih,kJlquodcrderedefe, 

X^lonaitdet quum lauaatur ai^s^qtiapotejtas. *SuetoH.cap.\% 
How did this worke with ^/f^<fijW£'r,that would needs be lufiters fonne^S: « omitmo, 
g^OQ like Hercules in a Lions skin ^DomHian^ God , Domraus Dem mfier q^^{7o^^ ah 
fic fieri mbet) like the t /'^'^'T^'^wKings^whofe Image was adored by all that 
came into ib>c citty oi^Bxbylon, Commodm rhe Emperour was lo gulled by ^^^^i^^y^ibemm 
hisflattering Parafites,that he muftbe called Hercules A Antoniiu the Roman ^U^^^illTpa 
would be crowried with Ivy,. carfifcd hva Chariot, and adored f®r BAcchm. deo fe v^ndm- 
Cotys King of Thrace , was married to ^ iJMwer'va^ and (entthiceieucrall ^^^^J^^^'^'^^^^ 
rnelTengcrs one after another , to fee if Ilec were come to his bed-chamber, na veUm ^w- 
Such a one was ^ Jupiter Menecrates , aximtnm lozrUnm^ Diode fiatim '^^^^ thy fHm 
Hcrculem^Sapor the />^'>'/?<«/? King,brothcr ofthe Sunne and Moone,and our nifqjZMs, 
Kings china and Tartaria in this prefenr age.- Such a one was Xerxes, rhat cmm veiui Ub 
would whip the Sea , and fend a challenge to mount i^thos: and fuch are ^^[J^^dZ. 
many fottifh Princes, brought into afoolcs Paradifc by their Parafites. 'Tis ?ata. voi.pfl. 
a common humour,incident to all men , when they are in great places,haue 
donepr deferu d well , to applaud and flatter themfelues. Stultttixrnfuam 'ItfmmiZl 
produnt^&c ('faich t PlaterfJ)yom\Qxy tradefmen if they bee excellent, will m^vt^aieaun 
crack and bragge,and fhew their folly in cxccffe. They haue good parts,and "^^^ '^/j' 
they know it,you need not tell them of it^out of a conceit of their worth,they dea in tbaiamU 
goe finiling to rhemfclL;e5,a perpetuall meditation of their Trophies & plan- ^^tf^^^"^^^^^ 
dites,theyrunncat the lart quite mad, and loofe their wits. Petrarch. lib. i. ^j^emnludi* 
de contempt u mundi^conkiki as much of himfclfe, and Cardan in his 5 book enatxap.i . 
ofwifdomc,giues an inftaficc in a Smith of O^tllan , a fellow Citizen of his, 
^ one Galeus de Rubeis^thsL'ihdn^ commended for refinding of an inftriiment Uv'm lib, n. ' 
oi^r chime desykax. ioy rannc mad. Plutarch in the life of Artaxerxes , hath Omtdum ejl, 
i'uch a (ike ftory of one Chamus a fouldicr, that wounded King Cyrm in battle "iX&i^, 
mdgre-w therevpon fo ^ arrogant ^that ina{hortfpace after hce lofi his witts, hac& evanef- 
So many men.if any new honour,office,preferment, booty, treafure, pofTef- 'rZlTlA, 
fion,or patrimony /X in/per ato fall vnto them,tor immoderate loy, and con- amifiife. Homi- 
rinuall meditation of it^cannot flcepe,y or tell what they fay or doe , they are »« mtmtuy, cc 
fo rauilTied on a fuddainsjand with vaine conceits tranfported , there is no {j^'^^^J" '^^^ 
rule with them. Ep'am/nondas therefore ^ the next day after his LeuHrian vi- u Gaiem de r«- 
Aorv ^ came abroad all fauallidand/ubnu/fe and gaue no other reafon to his ^/^^civi^nopef 
friends of his fo domg,then that he perceaued himlelte the day betore,by rea- invemionm 
fon of his good fortune, to be too infolenr,oiiei:much ioyed. That wflfe and indrumnti co- 
vertuous Lady,^ Oafene Catherine^owRc^er of England 'in priuate talke,vp- "^^^'^^ 
oniikeoccafion,faid, that ^ fhee rvould not vpt^inglj endure the extremitj of pteUtitiA inlA' 
either fortune-, but if it were.fo that of necepty (he mujl vndergoe the o^'e^fhe ^''^^J- 
would be in adverftty^becaufe comfort was never wanting tn it, but jlitt coun- J,,^. 
fe]l moderation and government ;were dcfe^iue tn the other: They could riot fwj , ob nimam 
moderate themlelucs. 

y Bent ferrt 

mainam difce fynumm Rof. Vmmmnvermteihube.qiacunq^ repetireVhes ab exill progYCeSere loco. Au{mui, 
ftjjii (quiHclus & (ubmijfM.vt hefierm did gaudium intemperans hodie cajtigarct. a Vxor Hemici 8. b Neutms (e fortune 
tmtmumlibtnteT exmturam dixk: iedftn'-ccfttasalterius fubi^de impoamtur^ptareji di^llm &advsyfm: qti«d in btit 
mtli mqttam defaitjota \iHmiin altera muUiim[tl}m,(Cr4* LodVivet, 

Svjs, 5. 

Part. I , Seft. 1. Caufes of Melancholy. Memb. 5 . Subl? 1 5 1 


ofLcArning, or over much ftuly. with a. Digrepon of the tnifery 
ofSchollers,cindwhythe {J\tuf€sare Melancholy, 

EondrtusFuchfiusJnfttt,Uy,ifeci,ixa^,l, Fdlix V later ,ltb, ^.de 
^^^^ mentis alienate Here JeSaxoniATra5i,poft.demelamhxap,7,,fyQsk 
a c peculiar Fury^ which comes by ouermuch (ludy. Ferneiius 
risfit, ^j^^ i.cap.iS,^ puts 5/'/^^^,contempIation, and continuall meditaci- 

tl^^iTiL ^"5^^ efpeciall caufe of madneffe ; and in his 8 6. conftiL cites the fame 
fildia^&pro'"^ yjoids, lo:^rculanusmUb,9.RhafisadAlma}^foremcap, i^.amongft othcc 
fmckcdgitam- caiifcs^reckons vp jludtum vehemens : fo doth Levinm Lemmns^ ltb,de oc* 
cNm defunty cult.natM'tracMb, I ■ cAp^ 1 6.^ Many me// f faith he) come to this malady by con* 
qniex iui} ftu- t/nuall ] ftudy^md night-voaking^and of all other men , Schollers are moflfub- 
fmTMmi ^"^^ ^afis addes, ^ that haue commonly thefinefl vpits , Cant. 

mMdevene- lib. i.Tra^.g.MarfiUus Ficinus defarnt.tuendaM.i.cap.'j.^wxs Melancholy 
amongrt one of thofefiueprincipall plagues of Students, 'tis a common 
^^ln^^\!nchQ- "i^^^^c vnto them all^and almoft in fome meafure an in/eparable companion. 
la. roient infe- Varro belike for that caufe callsT rilies Philofophos & feveros^ievcte/a(i,dry, 
fi^'- . . tetrickejare common Epithites to Schollers : And S Patritius therefore in 
continuall & the inftitutiou of PrinceSjWOuId not haue them to be great ftudents. For fas 
^arneft racdi- aMachiave/holdsJiludy weakens their bodies, dulls the fpirits, abates their 
cdio^fomcr ftrength andcouragc, and good fchollers^are neuer good fouldiersj which a 
thing wUh certaine Gothe well perceiucd , for when his country men came into Greece , 
great defire. vvould haue bumed all their bookes, hee cryed out againft it,by all meanes 
flJi f[w funt they fhould not doe it,^ leaue them that plague , vohich in time veill cofjfume 
fibtifis Mgt^^y all their vigour y andmartiallfpirits. The ^Turkes abdicated Cormtus the 
meStatLfslfe "^^^ helre/rom the Empire,becaufe hewasfo much giuen to his book: and 
faciiiincUmt 'tis the commoh T ment of the world , that Learning dulls and diminiflicth 
in melancholia. ^ j^g fpiritSjand fo per confequens produceth melancholy, 
foiikitudimm^ Two maine reafons may be giuen of it , why ftudents fhould be more fub- 
lik^. T»/.y. ied to this malady then others. The one is^they Hue a fedentary/olitary life, 
Tbeflr^ Polit ^ muJlsSi^^ ffom bodily exercifej&thofe ordinary difports which other 
A^oteief.-iu ' men V fe: & many times if dikontent & idlenefle concurre with it , which is 
GtcemhamfC' frcquent^they are precipitated into this gulfe on a fudden : but the com- 
^q,^ dubmmnd ^^^^ ^^^^'^ ouermuch ftudyj too much learningfas ^ peftus told Paul) hath 
eji,qim brevl ^ made thee maddej 'tis that other extreame which c^c^s it. So did Trincave^ 
"ra Mmi ^^'*^ H^.i-^^onfU. 12.& I jr.find by his experience,in two ofhis Patients^a yong 
ex- Baron, and another, that contraded this malady by too vehement ftudy. Sa 
haitflurafit.rt p Or eft US obfervatjib. i c.obferv, 1 3 . in a young Divine in Lovain , that was 
iapL'^ioL-'* in^^jand (aid,^ he had a Bible in his head. C^larftlim Ficinus de fanit. tuend. 
btieifuturi ftnt, lib,ucap.i,^,^.dr' Itb.i.cap.ie. giues many reafons,™ rvhy ftudents dote more 
i^"*'" ^fi^^^^^^ other siXhz firft is their negligence; " other m'rke men look to theit 

\kBi%x6M' ... 

1 rtiTtim Hni'M melanchollcus eva^t/Uccns fe Bibltumn capite habere, m Cur me'dneh'>t*t affidua.crebnfj^ de&famentU vexen- 
m eorum in'imiyVt defiperecogMtuir, n Sokn quVibet artifexjin^ruminiAfua ddi^enti/Jim curatyfenicUbspi£lor-:,malleos^m' 
C!tMq/ibsr(entr'm/n\leseriiin cmes'.Cytharamcnbar^edui&c. foli mufarum mj{lx tamaeg- 


ParCLvycd.!. Studyacaufe, . Memb. j .Subf. 1 5 

too^es', a Painter sv^Uwafh his pencils, a Smith mil looke to hi6 hammer, anvil, I ip 
forge: an husbandman tvd mend his plough-irons ^ and grinde his hatchet ^ it 
beduU,a faulkner or huntfman wiUhauean ejpeciali care of his haukes, hounds^ 
horfes,doggs &c. a Mufitian rvili firing andvnflring his Lute c^conly Schol- 
lers neglect that infirument^ their bratne and joints (Imeane) which they 
dayly vfe, and, by which they range ouer all the vporld^vohich by much siudy is 
confumedVide (laith Luctan) nefuniculum nimis intendencLo^ aiiquando ab' 
rnmpas: See thou tu ift not the rope fo hard, till at length it <> breake. Ficims ° -^'f "^^^f * 
m his 4.c.giues lomc other realons 5 Saturne and Mercury , tl\e parrous of imit :nd.iDM' 
Learning, are both dry Plants-.and P Origanus aflignes that fame caule, why 
MercurtaUfts are fo poore, and moft part beggers- for that their Prefidcnt r/JS, 
Af^r^ar^ had no better fortune himfelfe. The De{]iniesofold, putpouerty 
vpon him as a punifbment; fince when. Poetry and BegRcry, are G'iw/^ P . 
twin-borne brattes, inleparable companions; cerebtumcx{ic- 
t ^nd to this day is euery Schollerpco re^ ^ exthgult 

Gr off e gold from them runnes headlong to the boorc^: kmllndTcm-' 
Mercury , can helpe them to knowledge but not to money. The fecond is brum fiigidum 
contemplation,*! which dryes the braine^ and extingu^fheth naturall heatt^for 
whilf the Jpirits are intent to meditation aboue in the head^ the Homacke hnd^oiicm.Ao- 
imtr are left deBitutCy and thence come blacke blood and crudities for want of edit ad hoc, 
conco^ion , and for want of exercife^the fuperfluous vapours cannot exhale ^^^f^^^^^^^ 
C^f . The fame reafbns are repeated by Gomefim lib.c^.capA.de fale^ Nyman- cmhfo prorf^ 
nm or at. de imag, lo,Vofchim lib,2^cap,^.de pefte: and fomcthing more they '^^^^^9i^ J^^^^f ' 
adde, that hard Ihidents are commonly troubled with goutes , catarrhes, ^^ 'J^^de^tuit, 
thumzSycacexia^bradiopepfa.had cyes,ftone & colick,^crudities^oppilations, unde ex aiimtu 
'verttpo, windes,conlumptions,aridaII fuchdifcafesascomebyouermuch f^*"^/""^ 
fittings they are moii pare ieane,dry, ill coloured, Ipend their tortunes, loote a-mger tffic'u 
their wits, and many times ttieir liucs, and all through immoderate paines, ^ur^'^Hm mmb 
and extraordinary ftudies. If you will not beleeue the truth of this, looke fuptrfiuTvapo^ 
vpon great Tojlat^is and Thomas Aquinas workes, and tell me whether thofe res nonexbat- 
men tookc paines? perufe Auflin^Hierom^^c, zndmmy ihoufands ^^^^^^^*'^^^cttebrumex^ 
Qui cupit opt at am curfu contingere metam^ (iccmr^corfora 
tJl^ultatulitfecit^puer,fudavit(jfalft, fe^J^m graiiief' 

Hethatdefires thiswifhedgoaletogainc, {"studio^funt 
Muft fweat and freeze, before he can attaine, caceaki&nn- 
and labour hard for it.So did Seneca^ by his owne confelTion ep,%^ Not 4 day ^^"^ 
that lfpendtale,partofthe mght I keepe 7nme ey^s open tired with wakmg^ biiitatem dige- 
and now Jlumbring to their continuall taske. Heare Tully pro rchia Poet a: (i'iv^facuitatis, 
whilfl others lojtered, and tooVe their pleafures^hee was continually at his 
booke-So they doe that will be Schollers,and that to the hazard(^I fay)of their uta, loVofchi- 
healths , fortunes, wits, and liues. How much did ^.^riflotlesLnd Ptolomy '-^P^-'t^^-c^M 
Ipend:" vnius regniprsctum they lay,more then a kings ranlbme,how many t -[^^[[1^ mm 
crownes perannum^ to perfc(5t arts, the one about his Hiflory of Creatures, per ouum dies 
the other on his Almageftfhowf much time did Thebet Benchorat employ, to ^''^f^^^j'^^^i' 
findc out the motion ofthe eight fpheare, 40 yearcsand more, fome write, t-:ro/ow- 
how many poore fchollcrs hauc loft their wits,or become dizards,neglecling ''^ofed ocubi vi- 
all worldly affaires, and their owne health,wca]th, ejfeand bene ejfe, to game rtdmlfj^ln'^ 
};nowledgc?for whichjafter all their paiaes in the worlds eftecme they avc perm detinea, 

Q_ accompred 

Part.i.Sed.i. Caufes of Melancholy. Memb. j. Sub£ 1 5. 

120 accompted ridiculous and filly fooles,Idiots, Afles, and (as oft they are; rc- 
ie6kd contemned, derided, doting, and mad. Looke for examples in ff//. 
dijheimj}icel.2 de mmU & deltrio'.reAdrrincauellim Li.confil.i6.&c.ij, 
Montams confil ^n^'^Garum de ludic,genit.c<ip.7,'i,MercurUlis con[il, 86, 
C.2 Prof per ^Cdenius in his book de Atrk ^//(fiGoe loBedla & askc.Or if they 
k'eepe their wits , yet they are efteemed fcrubbs and fooles by reafon of their 
carriage, after feauenyeares (lu^y — fhtua tacHurmus exit, 

Vlerum^^ & rifumpopuli qttatit,^ 

bccaufe they cannot ride an horfe, which euery Clowne can doe; falute and 
a loMMi Hi' 3 Gentlewoman, carue at table, cringe and make congics, which cuc- 
Z^^%lti4 ry common fwa(lier can doe, y hos fopulm ridet dre: they are laughed to 
€mdim vir, fcome and accomptedfilly fooles by our Gallants. Yea many times, fuch 
wmiis jiudiu in theif mifery ,they deferue it; a meere Scholler,a meere Afle. 
Phmcjin mi' 0^^/^<, cap/te,dr Jigentes lumine terram^ 

Montanas in- {JVLurmura ck^ fecum^ rabiofa lilentia, rodunt. 

Frenchman Atque experreoio trutmantur verba labello, 

©f Toiofa. tMgroti veteris meditantesfomnk^gigni 

X cardinifii U- j)^ nihUo mhtlum: in nihilum mlpoffe r evert t, 

" whodoelca-ieawry 

dmturm fludia c Their hcads piercing the eart-h with a fixe eye: 

^£iicM^^'^' When by themfelues they gnaw their murmurin g, 

y Ptrf. Sat.-;. And furlous filence, as 'twere ballancing. 

They cannot ga^h word vpon their out ftretcht lip, and when 

They meditate the dreames of old ficke men, 
faidjhe could As, Ouf of nothing, nothing cnn be brought^ 

make ^^^^^^ K^nd that vfihich is, can nere be turnd to nought » 

a great city. Thus they goe commooly meditating vnto themfelues, thus they fitjfuch is 
a Sal. ? . their adion and gefture. Fulgo/ffi,/ib,S-cap.y, makes mention how Th. Aqui- 
\mK^lm/dl ^'PP^"g Kin^Lervis o^France^vpon a fudden knocked his fift vpon 
fmpfit Athe:ias the tablc,and cx[Qd.fionclHfnm efi contra Manich^os^ his wits were a woolga- 
^^'^^^Mtf^ thering,as they fay, and his head bufied about other mat crs ; when hee per- 
fenuitq, * ' cciued his errour,he was much ^ abafhed. Such a flory there is of Ar chime- 
Librii&curii des mritruvtud, that hauing found out the meanes to know how much 
ftawat^cttur. mingled with the filuer in Kinc Bierons crowne, ran naked forth of 

p/f>«4 & rifu the bath and cryed«w?2;c^, I haue found: ^ andvp as commonly fo intent to his 
p^ulum qmtit. Jludies^that he neuer perceauedwhat was done about him, vphen the Citty was 

f TraiJnVe/ ^^'^^^j '^^^^^^y^*^'^'^*^''-^ ^^^ft> heetookeno notice of it, 

by Mr B. Ho/i- S, Bernard rod all day long by the Lemman lake,and asked at laft where hee 
d^Tbomas r» Marullus lib,2,cap*/^,\t was Democritus carriage a!one that made the 
bm confufm Abderites fuppofe him to be mad, and fend for Hippocrates to cure him: if 
diKufedeargu- he had bccne in any folemnc company, hee would vpon all occafions fall a 
Tp7utlnh%ka laughing. T heophrajliis faith as much oiHeraclttm^ for that he continuilly * 
Marceiii, Nec wept,& Laertius of Menedemus Lampfacus.^hccaii(e he ran about like a mad 
^^"'t'^'^milliti ^^^^i^f^^^Z ^^^^ fi"^^ hell as a fpy^ to tell the diuels rvhat mortail men 
v^^m^irru- did,\om grcatef^ fludentsare commDnly no better,filly ,for£ f^^llo^'es in their 
f«^«d^.'bj'3«f»- outward behauiour, abfurd ridiculous to others, andnowhirexp'^rienccd 
ufbi^'^capAS. ^" wQi^^^ V bufincnfe, and how iTiould they be otherwifef^«r as f) m my fotts 
g %\ib V»m ImA drcumlvit vrbsmtdi£iUm fetx^loratorm k^eris veniJp:^delittmm^d.tmmbf0 mortaliuvf^aata, 


Parci.vyed.i' Study a caufe MemB.j.Snb/jif 

in fchooles,vifhen{as]he iveUoLferufd)they mther hear^ nor fee 'fach things as 12 1 
are commonly praclifed abroad^ how fhoiildc they gee experience, by what 
meanes? 1^ Iknevp in my time mmy SchoUers faith Z/Enais Sylvmsy (in an E- 
piftle ofhis to (?4//'^r5«>/V^f,ChanceIour cotheEmperour) 

learned^ hutfo rude^fv filly ^ that they h.^J no corhmon cmility^mr kntrve hovo t Petronim.&'i 
to manage their domefiicke or fublike affaires, Paglarenfis was amazed, and fcMU '{iuuij^ 
faid his farmer haafurely cofened him^when he heard hm tell that his Sorve '"oifieriyquiii 
had eleuenpiggeSj and his Affe hact but one foale . To fay the beft of this V^^-'ia'v]Tb7bmui 
fcflion,! can giiie no other telHmony of them in generalJ^thcn that o'tFliny of aut audium mt 
Jfius'j He is yet a fchoUer^then which kindeofmen there is nothing fo fimple^ videm, hNo- 
fo Cmcere none better , they are mofi part harmelefle, hone(\,v^right,i!inO' ^fUn^qfiudZitt 
rtf;?/,pLline dealing men. rarumdeditosy 
Now becaufe they are commoni y fiibicd to fiicli hazards and inconvcni- '^admdm'^un 
cnces, as dotage, madacile, (implicity, &c. lo. Vcfchim would haiie good dabantyfedhi ' 
Schollers to be highly rewarded, and had in fomc cxriaordinary rcfped ^. nM ciuiUtatii 
bone other men , to haue greater i frimledges then the reji^ that aduenture rmpubUm da- 
themfelues andMreuiate thetr Hues for the publike good. But our patrons of me{ucjm regere 
learning are fo farre now adaies,from rcfpecting the Mufes^ an.] giuing that ^^'^^l^^f^?^^ 
honour to ScholIers,or reward which they defcrue, and are allc vved by thofe /?^rri v'mium ac 
indulgent priviledges ofmatiy noble Princes, thatafrer all their paines taken cufai4it,quiruefg 
in the riv/Vifr/zr/^jjCoft and charge, expenfes, irkefoniehoures, laborious 
tasks, wearifome daics,dangcrs,hazards f barred />;^m>» from allpleafures vnumdmtatA 
which other men haue^mewed vp like hawkes all their Hues ) if they chance to Jjfr^/"'*'"" 
wade through them^they lliall in the end be reieded, contemned, and which \iib,i.epljl. j: 
is their grcateftmifery,driventojtheirfhifis,expofedto want jpovertie and ^^f^'*'^ fcoiajii^ 
beggcry. Their familiar attendants are. " -^j^Tj' 

I Valient es morbi Junius ^cura^^ hhor^^ mimm,mhilaut 
Et metus.dr malehtada fames turpis eaeflxsL e^JimilicmM 
Terrwtles Vfju forma— melius. 
Greifcjlabour, care, pale fickneile, miferies^- » lureprmieii- 

Feare,filthy poiierty^ hunger that cryes, ^^^L^ 
Terrible monfters to be fecne with eyes. abbrmm fM 

If there were nothing elfe to trouble them, the conceipt of this alone 
were enough to make them all melancholy-Moft other trades and profellions ^ ''"^ '^ ^' 
after fbme fcaucn years prentifhip,are enabled by their ci-aft to line of them- 
felues. A marchantaduenturcs his good sat fea, and though his hazard be 
great, yet if one fhip returne offoure, he liksly makes a fauing voyage. Art 
hiisbandmans gaines arc almofl certaine; quibus tpfe lupiternocere mn potejk 
('tis t Catos Hyperbole, a great husband himfelfe ) onely Schollers , mee | ^htanh-mi. 
ihinkcs are moil vncertaine, vnrefpeded, fubie(5l to all ca{ualties,& hazards- eim.ceri^agri. 
For firf}, not one of a many prooues to be a Scholler, all arc not capableand 1"^^^^^^. 
docile, ^ ex omniligno non jit Mercurinsx we can make Maiors:m^ officers ^ ^tmnh 
Vitiy yearc,but not Schollers; Kings can inueft Knights and BaronS,as Sigi^- ^"^l^^lk^Ttt, 
wWtheEmpcrourconfefled; Vniuerfities can giue degrees; buthee nor p^/^^g J* 
they, nor'iill the world can giue leaming,make PhiIofopers,Artifts,OratorS;i non n^i^^ 
Pocts.-Thoiigh they may be willing to take paines, to that endfufficielitly in- 
formed and liberally m.iintained by their patrons and parents. Or if they be 
docile, ycc all mens wills are not anfwerable to their wits, they can appre- 

0^2 nend . ; 

Part. i.Sca.i. Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmb.3 .^ubl. i j 

122 hendjbut will not take paines ; they are either feduced by bad companions, 
velinpuellammpmgum ^ 've/i;/p0cu/um^and{bCpcnd their time to their 
friends griefe and their owne vndoings. Or put cafe they be ftudious, indu- 
ftrious, of ripe wits, and perhaps good capacities, then how many difeafes 
of body and minde muft they endure? No labour in the world like vnto ftu- 
dy.It may be^ their temperature will not endure it, butftriuingto be excel- 
lent to know all,they loofe licaltb,wcalth,wit, life and all.Let him yet happi- 
ly efcape all thefe hazards , £neis mtepnis^mth. a body of brafle, and is now 
confummate and ripe, he hath profited in his fludies,and proceeded with all 
applaufe.-after many expences , he is fit for preferment, where fhall he hauc 
it? he is as farre to fecke as he was ( after twenty yeares ftanding^ at the firft 
day of his .comming to the Vniverfity, For what courfe lliall he take, being 
now capable and ready? The molt parable and eafie, and about which ma- 
ny areimployed is to teach a Schoole, turne Lecturer or Curat, and for that 
he fhall haueFauIkners wages, 10^ per amum, and his diet, orfomelmail 
flipend, fo long as he can pleafe his Patron or the parifh ; if they approuc 
him not ( for vfually they doe but a yeare or two ; as inconftanr, -as ^ they 
» Aiat. II. that cryed Hofinm one day, and crucifie him the other 5 feruing-man like, 

he murt goe looke a new mafter; if ihcy doe what is his reward? 
I Hou^AoXi \ ^Qf. quo^ te manet vt pueros element a docentem 

Occupet extremis tn vicis alha feneclus. Like an Afle,he 

wcares out his time forprouender,and can fhew a ftumpe rod, tog/tm tri- 
t Llb.i.dem- tam & lacerAm^ fiith t Hadmy^n old torne gowne, an enfignc of his infeli^ 
tm.mor. ^ity, he hath his labour for his paine, a modicum to keepe him till he be de- 
crepit, and that is all, Grammatieus non eft fisltx d^c. If he be a trencher 
Chaplaine in a Gentlemans houfe, as it befell ^ Euphormioy after fome fea- 
m Xatptcm, ^j^^ yeares (eruice,hee may perchance haue a liuing to the halfcs , or fbme 
finall re5iory wth a cra£l chamber-maid, to hauc and to hold during the time 
ofhis life. But if he offend his good Patron, ordifplcafe his Lady Mif^ris 
in the meane time, 
* luven, Sat.^, * Ducetur p/anta velut i5ius ah Hercule Cacus, 

Poneturg^foraSjJi quid tentauerit vnqurni 

Hifcere • . 2iS Her cule s dxdhy Cac!iS\\\c{\\A\ bee 

dragged forth of doores by the heeles, away with him. If he bend his forces 
to fome other fludies, with an intent to be a fecretls to fome Nobleman, or 
in fuch a place with an Emba{rador,he fhall finde that thefe perfons rife like 
Prentifes one vnder another, as in fo many tradefmens fhops, when the ma- 
iler is dead,the fore-man of the fhop commonly fleps in his place. Now for 
o At coHtaJlfa Poets,Rhetoritijns, Hiftorians,Philofophers,<* Maihcmatitians,Sophifters, 
&c . they arc like Graflehoppers, fing they muft in Summer, and pine in the 
Winter, for there is no preferment for them. Euenfothey were at firft,if 
you will belecue that pleafant tale of Socrates^ which he told faire vhadrus 
vnder a Plane-tree,at the bankes of the riuer ifem-^ about noone when it was 
hot, and the Graflioppers made a noife , hee tooke that fweetc occafion to 
tell him a tale, how Grafhoppcrs were once Schollers,MuGtians, Poets,&c* 
before the Mufes were borne, and liued without meat and drinke,& for that 
caufe were turned by Inpiter into Grafhoopers. And may be turned againe, 
ln> Tythoni CiciMs^ ant Lyci^rwn rams^ for any reward I fee they are like to 


Part. i.Se6t.2. the fSldujes are melancholy. Mcmb.3 .Subf. r 5, 

^ _ . . . 

haiie: or elfe in the meane timCjl wouldthey could Jiue as they did without 123 
attiy viaticum, like fo many P MamcodiaU thofe Indixn birds ofParad/fe^ as 
we commonly call them, thofe I mcane that Hue with the ayrc, and dew of p ^i^rovandae 
heauen and need no other food; for being as they are^ thcii * Rhetoricke only Ge1m!^c!^' 
feruesthem.to curfe their bad fortunes ^ and many ofrhem for want of *irf*r«ji;*few 
meanes are driucn to hard lliifts,from Grafhoppers they turne Humblebecs v**'*fi^ ^ 
and Wafps, plaine Parafites, and make the Af*/^/ , Mules, to latisfie their 
hungerftarued panches,and get a meales mear.To (ay truth, *tis the common 
fortune of moft SchoIIers, to be feruile and poore, to complaine pittifully, 
and lay open their wants to their refpedleffe patrons,as t Cardan doth, as + lib.deUbrit 
♦ XiUnder^ and many others; And which is too common in thofe dcdicato- W''^ M m. 
ry EpiftIes,forhope of gaine, to lye,flatter,and with hyperbolicall elogiums ^^[vimnlT 
and commendations, to magnifie and extoll an illiterate vnworthy idiot, for v-oiitMput. - 
his excellent venues, whom they fhould rather as f MAchtduelMoxwz^^ vi- ^aitc^vcrml 
lify, and raile at downe right for his moft notorious villanies and vices. buspJerenhqm 
So they proftitute themfelues as Fidlcrs, or mercenary Tradefmen, to feruc obinfima fee- 
great mens turnes for a fmall reward. They are like q Indians , they haue ^t^'aTopmlT,' 
ilore of gold ^ but know not the worth of it , for I am of Synepui opinion , q Or ashorfcs 
t KmgHieron got more by Simontdes acquaintance, then S'tmon'ides did by his: ^^^^^^^^^^k 
they haue their befl education, good inftitution,fole qualification from vs, [hey coilwet 
and when they haue done well, their honour and immortality from vs, wee not ibcir own 
are the lining tombes, regifters, and as fo many trumpetors of their fames, ^p^^*^ ^^^^ 
what was ^..^c hi lies without Honter^ L^/exander without ^^rian and Cur- monidis famili' 
tifts^ who had knowne the C^fars^ but for Suetonius and Dion-^ ^^'^ 

t Vixerunt fortes ante Agamemnona qum'cxHieYti 

Multi'.fed omnes illachrimabiles mSimowdes^ 


ISloSie^carent quiavatefacro^ 
they are more beholden to Schollers , then Schollers to them, but they vn- 
der- value themfelues, and fo by thofe great men are kept downe. Let them 
haue that Encyclopadian^dW the learning in the world, they muft keepe it to 
themfelues, ^ Hue in bafe eftcQme^ and Harue^ except they will fubmit^^^ 'Bu- 
JUus well hath \x.jb many good farts, fo many enfignes of i^rts, vertues, be pj^^^pf ^^'"^ 
Jlauifhly obnoxious tofime illiterate potentate^ ^liue under his infolent imt, vitimHm 
worjhipiOr honour Jike Parajttes^ Qui tanquam mures alienum pmem come-^'^'H'^^'^^^'f^i 
dunt.Vor to fay truth,<«r/^/ ha nonfunt Lucratiuji^SiS Guido Bonat that Aftro- vtmigi^^g. 
lof^cr could fore-fee, they be not gainefull artes thck yfedefurientes c!r fame- nia,turpiter,ob' 
//«,butpoore and hungry. 

Dat Galenus opes,dat lujtinianus honoreSy fubkcerk pro- 

Sed genus &fpecies cogitur ire pedes: ^^^^ infokmg 

The rich Phyfitian,honour d Lawyers ride, dHommpt. re- 

Whii'ft the poore Scholler foots it by their fide. rum [muitarm 

Pouerty is the Mufes Patrimony, and as that Poetical! diuinity teacheih vs, 
when Inciters daughters were each of them married to the Gods, the Mufes 
alone were left fblitary. Helicon fbrfaken of all futers , and I belceiie it was^ 
becaufe they had no portion. 

t Calliope longum dtlehs cur vixit in ^vum? t Bachaiutn« 

Nempe nihil dotii^<ijUodnumeraret^erat, tlcgAib^ 

0.3 Why 

Pare I .Se6l.2 • Caujes of Melancholy. Mem b. 3 . S iihf, 1 5 1 

1 24 Why did CaBope line fo long a maid? 

Becaufe fhe had no dowry to be paid. 
Euerfince all their followers are poorCjfbrfaken, and left vnro themfelues. 
f , - . In fo much, that as ^ Vetroains areues. yoii fliall likely know them by rheir 
intratfenex/ed doathcs. There came ^ isiithhc.by chance mto my company, ajeUorv not very 
cukumn ita jpe fpj-j^ce to locke On , th^t 1 could perceaue by that note alone he was a Scholler^ 
^pZlmem' ^^om commonly rich men hate: I asked him what he wasjje anfwered-^ a Paet^ 
hoc nnta im<f I demanded a game why hee was fo raggedy hee told mee this k 'mde of learning 
Himep,qm fjcuer made any man rich, 

lent. Ego w. ^ Qff^ Pelago credit y magno fe fjenore tou/t^ 

quhPneiafum? Qmpugnas d' roJlrapetit,fracingitur auroi 

fZ2'uZ auktoTficto met ehrius ojlro. 

Propter hocipfu, Solapruinofis horretfacundiapannts, 

amvingeniine. A Merchants gaine is great that gocs to Sca^ 

fHvUcmSlT ^ Souldicr embofled all in a gold: 

ipetrenimAt' A Flatterer lics fox'd in braue array, 

t^n:,.,rr . . A Scholler only rasped to behold. 

pmateatiimM All which OLir ordinary ftudents, right well pcrcciuing m the p mverjit/es, 
nihil eximum how vnprofitablc thefe Pocticall, Mathematical!, and Philofbphicall (hidics ^ 
Z^^orJJ,^^^^ apply themfeliies in all haft to 

«;/<jrej /i/cw»,,thofe three commodious profeffions of Law, Phyficke,and Diiiim'iy, fha- 
^^miamnibu^ ring thcmfelues between them," reieding thefe Arts in the meane time, Hi- 
pr^d^Zhis ^iory5 Philofophy^Philology , or lightly palling themouer, as pleafant 
edviu comma- toyes, fitting only table talke, and to furnifh them with difcourle. They are 
wJ«.^/ter?r fobehouefull: he that can tell his monyhatb Arithmeticke enough: He 
Moxodi^e ml IS a true Geometrician, can meafure out a good fortune to him felfe j A per- 
fe6l Aflrologer, that can caft the rife and fall of others, and marke their Er- 
^ * rant motions to his owne vfe. The belt Opticks are, to reHccl the beames of 
fome great mens fauour and grace to fhine vpon him.He is a good En giner 
that alone can make an inf^rument to get preferment.This was the commotx 
Tenent and pra.(5life of Poland^ as Qromerm obferued not long fince, in ihc 
firft booke of his hiflory, their Fniuerfities w ere generally bafe, not a Philoji 
fopher, a Mathematician^an Antiquary ,&c. to be found of any note amongfl 
them,becaufe they had no (et reward or ftipend, but euery man betook him- 
lelfe to Diuinity , hoc folum in 'votis habens , opimum facer dot ium , a good 
t E^iftoUqued. P^^^^^^g^ was their aime.This was the pradife offome of our ncare neigh- 
lib,4.Ep,n. hours, as Lip pus inueighes, they thrufl their children to the (lu^y of Law and 
Diuinity ^before they be informed aright ^er capckhle offmh ftudies. Scilicet 
omnibus aftibus antiftatfpes lucri^^ formofor eji cumulus auri, quam quic- 
quid Gr^ci Latini^ delir antes fcripferuntSx hoc numero deinde veniunt ad 
gubernacula reipub. interfunt pr^efunt conjiliis regum.o pater 6 patria^fo he 
complained, Sc fo may others. For euen fo wee finde,to fcruc a great man, 
to get an office in fome Bifhops Court (to pra fiife in feme good Townc )ot 
compafle a Benifice^is the marke wee fhoot at, as being fo ad vantagious^ the 
high way to preferment. 

Although many tim^s, for ought I can fee, thefe men f ailc as often as the 
reftintheir proie5ts,and are asvfiiallyfruflrateofcheir hopes. For let him 
be a Doctor of the Law, an weHencCiuilianofgood worth, where iMI 


Part.i.Sedk.i. Why the Mufes are melancholy, Memb.3. Subf i j. 

he pradife and expatiate? Their fields are fo fcanr , the Ciuil! Law with vs 125 
fo contra(^ad with Prohibitions, fo few caufcs, by reafon of thofe all deuoii- 
xing municipallLawes, quibus nihil illaeratius,iakh. ^ Erafmus^ an illiterate ckeron, dial, 
and a barbarous ftudy, ^for though they be neuer fo well learned in it,! can 
hardly vouchfafc them the name of Schollers, except they be otherwife qua- 
lified ) and fo few Courts are left to that profelfion, fuch flender offices, and 
thofe commonly to be compaflcd at fuchdeare rates, that I know not how 
an ingenuous man fhould thriue amongft them. Now for Phyfitians, there 
are in euery Village fo many Mountebankes,Empiticks,Quaclalvers,Paracel- 
fians^as they call themfelues,C^«^(ri d^/anicid^fa * Clenar dtearmcs them^ " ^P'^fl- ^ib. », 
Wifards, Alcumifis, poore Vicars, caft Apothccaries,Phy fitians men, Bar- 
bers,and Good wiues, profeffing great skill,that I make great doubt how 
they fhall be maintained, or who (liall be their Patients.Befides, there are fo 
many of both forts, and (bme of them fuch Harpyes,{b couetous, (o clamo- 
rou5,fo impudent^ and as y he faid, litigious. Idiots, ImMbtc^^Z 
^mhm loquacis affatim arrogantiteejl^ 

Peritia parum aut nihil, 
JSlec vlU mica liter artj falis^ 

Loquuteleia turbajitium ftropha^ 

Maligna litrgantium cohors^togati vultures, 
Laverme alumni ^<^gyrt(Zy^c, 
VVhich haue no skill but prating arrogance^ 
No Iearning,fuch a purfe-milking nation: 
Gown'd vultures, theeues,and a litigious rout 
Of cofeners,that haunt this occupation, 
that they cannot well tell how to liue one by another, but as he icfted in the 
Comedy ofclocks,they were fo mmy^maioi^arspopuliarida replant fame: ^ p^^^^^^^ 
they arc almoft ftarued a great part of them, and ready to deuoure their fel- 
lowes,* Et noxiacalliditate fe corripere-^ fuch a multitude of pettifoggers & ^ ^^^^ 
Empericks; fuch impoftors, that an honcft man knowes not in what lort to /^^ 
compofeand behaue himfelfe in their focieiy, to carry himfelfe with credit 
in fj vile a rout- feientia nomen^ tot fumptihus partum vigiliis profiteri 
difpudeat jpoftquam ^c, 

Laft of all to come to our Diuincs, the moft noble profeflion and worthy 
of double honour , but ofall others [the mortdilkeflcd and miferable.lf 
you will not belceue me,heare a briefe of itjas it was not many yeares fince, 
publikcly preached at P^icrofTe, ^ by a graue Minifter then, and now a ^ j^I^ Howfon 
reuercnd Biiliop of this kmde. We that are bred vp in learning^and deftina- 4 Novcmbkis 
ted by our Parents to this endive fuffer our childhood in theGrammerfchoole. ^597- the Ser- 
rohich Aufiin cms maf^nam tyrannidem.& graue malum, and compares tt to by Araold 
the torments of martyr dome, vphen we come to theVniuerfty^ifwe liue of the Hartficld, 
CoUedge alloTvance^as Phalaris obieciedto the Leontines rnxfl^t Meii ^Kir 
)y 9of «f , needy of all things but hunger andjeare-^ or if wee be maintained but 
partly by our Parents cofl^doe expend m vrmecejfary maintenance ^bookes and 
degrees, before we come to any perfection ^fiue h under eth pounds ^or a thoufxnd 
markes.Ifby this price of the expence of Hme, our bodies and fpirits^ ourfub" 
Jlancedr patrimonies ^we cannot purchife thofe fmall rewards ^hich aire ours 


Part.i.Se£t.i, Caufes of Melancholy. Memb.3.Subf 1 5. 

Il6 by Uvp.AHcitheright ofinherttdme^apooreVerfomgeyOr xVicarige of 50^ per 
annu hut voe mufi pay to thePatronfor tbeleafe of a ltf€(afpent and out voorne 
life ) either in annudl penfion^ or ahoue the rate of a coppy hold^and t hat with 
the hazarde andloffe of our foules^by Simony Andpcriury^and the forfeiture of 
Allour fpiritua\Lpreferments,\v\ zi^z and polTe, bothprcfent and to come.What 
father after a vohtle will be fo 'mproutdent,to bring vp his fonne to his great 
charge, to this neceffary beg^eryVA'hat Chriflian wd befo irreligious, to bring 
vphi6 fonne in that courfe of hfe, which by alLprobability a'nd necefity,cogit 
ad m\>'m^enforcing to finne^wtlL entangle him in jtmony and penury^ when as 
thePoetfaith^lmkatusad hxc aliquis de pontc nQgahir.abeggers brat taken 
from the bridge where he fits a begging, if he knew the i?iconuenience,had 
cmfetorefifeit.lhxs being thus,haue not we fifhed fairc all this while , that 
b p«rf. Sat, I . are iniriaceDiuincs,to finde no better fruits of our hhouxs^hoc eft curpalles, 
curquis nonprandeat hoc ejlfdot wee macerate our fekies for this? Is it for 
* £ mo njiii- this we rife fo early all the y eare Ion g? Leaping (sls he faith) out of our beds, 
um)miinmbH- ^^^^ ^^^^^ ^ing, as if we had heard a thunder clap.U this be all the 
lipuifim quAft refpcva, reward and honour we fhall haue, ^frange leues calamos , drfinde 
^cZTr'^^ ^ ^^-'^-^'^ //■^i'/i^w; let vs giue ouer our bookes, and betake our felues to fonjc o- 
d ^lart. thcr courfe of life? to what end fliould wee ftudy ? ^ QuidmclitteruUs flulti 
docuereparentes^ what did our parents meane to make vs Ichollers, to be as 
farre to feeke of preferment after twenty ycares ftudy, as wee were at firfl: 
why doc wee take fuch paines?^/^ tantum infants iwvcit impallefcere char- 
tist If there be no more hope of reward^no better encouragcmenr. I fay a- 
%2dnQ'^Frmge leues caUmos^ & fcinde Thalia libellos-^ let's turne fouldie^s, 
fell our bookes^and buy Swords,Gunnes and Pikes, Icaue all, and rather be- 
take our lelucs to any other courfe of life, then to continue longer in this 
\Sit Mm^ vciikx^ A VYdfiat dentifcalpiaradere^qumUterar^s rnonumemis magnatum 
' favor em emendicare, 

rea,hut me thinkcs I heare fome man except at thefe words, that though 
this be true which I haue laid of the eftatc of Schollers,and efpecially of Di- 
vines, that it is mifcrable and diftrcfled at this time, that the Church fuffers 
fhipwracke of her good5,and that they haue iuft caufe to complainCj there 
c lib 5 de cnni ^ fault,but whencc proceeds it?If the caufe were iuftly examined, it would 
f I had no mo- be retorted vpon our (clues, if wee were cited at that Tribunal! of trLith,we 
ncy, / wanted fhould be found guilty, sndnotabletoexcufe/t. That there isa fauk a- 
could *^not' '""ong vs, I confefle,and were there not a buyer, there would not be a fel- 
fcamble, tern- ler: but to him that will confider better of it,it will more then manifeflly ap- 
bl7-'«J« pfS- P^^'^^j fountaine of thefe miferics proceeds from thefe griping Pa- 

ftt 'ohs^&c. trons.Inaccufingthcm, I doe not altogether excufevsj both are fiulty, 
visdicam, ad tliey and wee;yet in my iiidgement,t{ieirs is.tbe greater fault,more apparant 
^lundZi %e- caufes, and more to be condemned. For my part, if it be not \\ ith mee as I 
nim hfdfuiy would, or as it (hould,I doe afcribe the caufe,as ^Cardan did in the like cafe; 
7umiamlelier ^^^M^^^^^^^ potius quam ilLorum feeler iyto t mine owne infelicity, rather 
vt'fm talis, & then their naughtinelle ; Although I hau^beenc bafled in my time by fome 
fingt noioy vr- of them, andhaueasiuftcaufetocomplaineasanother.Forthereii^ds on 
^datintem'm- ^^^^ "^^^^ facinus detedandum, to buy and fell liuings, to detaine from the 
cm & obfcKTM Churchjthat which Gods and mens Lawes hauebeftowed on it^but in them 
indt d^efcam. i^of^^ and that ftom die couetoufnelle and ignorance of fuch as are interre- 


Part. I ,S cd:,z . Study a caufe. Memb. 3 iSnhL 1 5 

fted in this bufinefTc;*! name couetoufiielTe in the firft place , as the root of all 127 
thefe mifchiefeSjwhich Acha/i-hkc^compch them to commit facrilcdge , and 
to make Simoniacall compads/ and what not)to their ownc ends,^' chat kin- , . 
dies Gods wrath , brings a plagiie,vengeance, and an heavy vilitation vpon irmmj'btq 
themfelucsand othcrs.Some out ofthat infatiable defire of filthy iiicre,to be mortem <etena 
enrichedjCare not how they come by k^per fas ^ nefas, hooke or crooke , fo 
they haue it. And fome when they haiic witii riot and prodigality ,einbczcl- namSmatlm 
led their cftates,to rccouer thcmfelues,make a prey of the Church, robbing ^"'^^7. 
it,g as lulUn the Apoftate did,fpoile Perfons of their revenewes ( in keeping g^^^^j^^, 
halfe hacke^ as a great man amongft vs obrcnies/ ) anci that maintemnce on 1. 10. c.7/,.5. . 
which the^fhou/d//ue: by mcaneswhaco^, Barbarifme is ir.aeafed,anda^^J°'jJ^^°°^ 
great decay ofChrirtian Profeflbrs-j for who will apply himielre to thefe di- fecondparT" 
vine {ludicSjhis fonnCjOt fricnd,when after great paines taken,they iliall haue 
nothing wherevpon to liue? But with what eucnt doe they thefe tilings.? 

t Opef£ totis viribus venamini^ \ Euripides. 

C/it mde mef^is accidit miferiniA, They toyle and moyle^but 
what reap they ? They arc commonly vnfortunate f imilies that vfe it, accur* 
fed in their progenie, and as common experience evinceth , accurfed them- 
felues in all their proceedings. With vphdtface as i he quotes out diAufim) 
can thr?yexpe^ A hie ping or inheritance from chriflin Heauen^that defraude nou teme'randii 
Chriji of his inheritance here on earth ? 1 would all our Sy mo niacall Patrons, ^cf/*/^' 
and fuch as detaine Tithes , would readthofe iudicious Tracts of S'^//(?»r;' 
Spe/fnan,md lames Knights; thole late elaborate and learned Trea- 

liles of Tilflye^md W CMontague , which they haue written of that fub- .^.^ ^, 
ie6t. 3ut though they lliould read,it would be to fmall purpofe , dames licet ^' 
& mare coelo Confundas 5 thunder , lighten 3 preach hell and damnation , tell 
them'tisafinne, they will not beleeue it; denounce and terrifie, they haue 
cauter i'^d confciences ^th^y doe not attend^as the inchantcd Adder,they ftop 
their eares. Call them bale,irreligious,prophane, barbarous, Pagans , Athc- 
ifts,Ep!cures, ^as (bme o( them furcly arc ) with the Bawd in Plautu^ , ^.uge^ 
optimCyX!i\cy cry and applaud themfelues , with that Mifer , fimdac nummos 
cotitemplor in area: fay what you mWyquocung^ mode rem : as a dogge barkes 
at the Moonc,to no purpofe are your fayings ; Take you Heauen , let them 
haue mony. A bare,pr9phane,Epicurean,Hypocriticall rout; for my part, let 
them pretend what ^ zeale they will,counterfeit Religion , blcare the worlds j fj^,^ 
cyes,bumbaft themfclues^and ftufife out their greatnelle withChurch fpoiles, 
fhine like (b many 'Peacocks ; fo cold is my charity , fo defediue in this be- 
• halfe,thatIfhallneuerthinkebetterof them, then that they are rotten at 
core their bones are full of Epicurean hypocrifie, and Athcifticall marrow, ^"'^^ 
that they are worfc then Heathens. For as DionjfiusHalicarnaJfeus obferues 

genta habet pa^ 

arjtiq, Romjih.y,^^ Primum locum ^c. Greekes and Barbarians obferue aH re- triui» demm 
ligiomrites.and dare not breakethemforfeare of offending their Gods; ^\it.\^Zl'Zn^hl'ic 
our Simoniacall contraders , our fenfclelle Cohans , our ftupified Patrons, dmiifimecufia- 
fearc neither God nor diucll,they baue evafions for it,it is no iinne,oi not due '^f^"^""" <5"»- 
ture divino^oT if a nnne,no great finnc,&c. And though they bee daily puni- "j^^^^ 
fhed for it,yet as " Chryfofiome followes k^NuUa ex poena ft correclio^c^ quafi n Tm.i.defic^ 
adverfs malitia hominum ^rovoQetur^crefctt quotidie quod ptmiatur : they ^ll^^l^^^j^'^'- 
are rather worfe then better, iram at^ anmos a crmme/ummt^ and the fermont, 

R more 

Part.i.Sed.z. Caufes ofMelancbo/j. Memb. j. Subf 15, 

128 more they are correded^the more they offend.-biit let them take their coiirfe, 
o 6vld. Fa(l. o iiode caper vites^<Rpc on ftill as they begin/tis no finne, let them reioyce fe- 
Vu^x'^Zet ^"^^^ ^^^^ vengeance will ouertake them in the end^S^ thefe ill gotten goods 
mimluuu as an Eagles feathers, P will conliime the reft of their fiibftance; It is q aurum 
q Sirabo lib. 4. Tholofamm^m^ will produce no better effects. 9 Let them lay it vp/afe^md 
fmu faciim ^^^^ ^^^^^^ convaynnces never fo clofe, locke andfhut doore^ faith Chryfojlome^ 
a yet frauA Andcovetou^neffe^tvpo moft violent thceues^ are ftiHinciuded^ and a 
""dt'ma. £/^r ^^^^^^ ^^^^^ evill gotten , frbvert the rejl of their goods. The Eagle in 
nimfmmld' ofi/^/'^, feeing a peece of flc{h,now ready to be facrificed/wept it away with 
dastah area & her clawes,and carried it to her nedjbut there was a burning coale ftuck to it 
&VJae "tarn ^1 chance,which vnawares confumed her.young ones, nefl and all together. 
tommmmM- Let our Symoniacall Church-chopping Patrons , and (acrilegious Harpies, 
^d^m&hiiM ^^^^^ "° ^^"^^ fuccefle. 

dZ&cMu' A fecond caufe is Ignorance,and from thence contempt Juccef^it odium 
corimb. in literal ah ignorant to, vulgi ; which ^Junius well pcrcciued ; this hatred & 
t linnmilm contempt of learning, proceeds outof ^ Ignorance , as they arc themfelues 
habet inimlcim barbarous,idiots,dull,illiterate,and proud, fo they elleenie of others. 
P'xter igneran- ^j^t (iMecicnates^ non deerunt Flacce Marones: 

Let there be bountifull Patrons , and there will bee painefuU Schollers in all 
Sciences. But when they contemne Learning , and thinkc themfelues fuffici- 
cntly qualified,if they can write and read , fcimble at a peece of Evidence,or 
uHe thatcan- haue fo much Latine as that Emperour had, " qui nefcit dif^tmulare , nejctt 
not diffembic vtvere^^ty are vnfit to doe their country feruice , to performe or vndercake 
cannot hue. any adion Or imploymcnt , which may tend to the good ofaCommon- 
wealth,exceptitbetofight,ortodoecountryIuftice, with common fenfe, 
which every Yeoman can likewife doe. And fo they bring vp their jchildren, 
\Efifi9U quafl. rude as they are themfelues,vnqiialified,vntaught, vnciuill moft part, f ^^is 
Ub,/^.epili. 21. V „c>fif,^ inventute legitime inflituitur Uteris ? Quis oratores aut Philo/ophos 
tangit? quis hijloriam legit ^illamrerum agendarum quajianimam f precipi- 
tant parentes votafua^c^c. 'twas Lipfius coniplaint to his illiterate country- 
men,it may be ours. Now fball thefe men iudge of a Schollers worth , that 
, haue no worth,that know not what belongs to a ftudents labours,that canot 
diftinguifh betwixt a true Scholler,and a drone ? or him that by reafbnofa 
voluble tongue5a ftrong voice , a pleafing tone , and fome trivantly Polyan- 
thean helpes,fteales and gleanes a few notes from other mens Haruelb , and 
fo makes a faire fhew , and him that is truely learned indeed ; that thinkes it 
X Di in no more to prcach^then to fpeakc ^^orto runne away with an empty cart^ as 
dure on^:«»^ 3 graue man faid; andiherevpon vilifie vs,and our paines^ fcorne vs , and all 
foracttmef'*^' learning, y Becaufe they are rich,and haue other meanes to liue, they think it 
right rcvcccd concerncs them not toknowe,or to trouble themfelues with it; a fitter taske 
LorS^''^ younger brothers,or poore mens fonnes,to be pen and Inkhorne men,and 
y ^tbwi opei whit befeeming the calling of a Gentlema n ; as Frenchmen and Germans 
fTT/' commonly doe,neglea therefore ail humane lcarning,what haue they to doe 
lUeZ mlm- Marriners learne Aftronomy ; Marchants Fadors fludy Arith* 

nmt, meticke; Surveiers get them Geometry; Spedacle-makers Opticks ; Land- 
Icapcrs Geography; Towne-Clarks Rhetoricke ; what fliould hee doe with a 
rpade,that hath no ground to digge* or they with Learning, that haue no vfe 
ofit? Thus they reafon, and are not afhamed to let Marriners, Prentifes , and 


Vaxt,i.Scdo,z* Study acaufe. . ..j Memb.j.Subf,! | 

the bafcftferiiants bee better qualified theii thcmfelu^^^ In former timeSj 12^ 
KingSjPnV.ces^and Emperours were the only Schollers , excellent in all Ei- , 
culties. lulius C^/ar mended the yeare , and writ his ownc Cominentaries> 

AntomHS^AdriAn^Nero^SeveYmilHliAn^i^c, ^Michael the Emperour, and ^ ^ 
jfacius,\NtxQ. To much giucn to their ftudics,that no bafe fellow would take fo 'dent J ' 
much paines; Oriort^PcrfeuSjAlphon[UiyPtolom€us^{dLmo\xs Aftionomers.: Sa- 
boYj L^l ithrUateSj Lyfimachus , admired Phy fitians : Plato's kin gs all ..• Evax ^'"^J^J^cTlIra' 
that Prince, a moft expert lueller, and an exquifite Philofbpher^ rwv«?a/o/^/«- 

The Kings oiaJE^gypt were Priefts of old,and chofen from thence , ^idem 
rex homintm^Phoebi^ facer dosi but thofe heroicall times are paft 3 the Mufes^ 
are now banilTied in thisbaftard as<s,ad/ordida tuguriola^io meaner perfons 
and confined alone to F^V^r/z/f^J. In thofe daies,Schollers were highly be- 
louedj ^ honoured^efteemed^as old Emius by Scipio Afrkamis^FirgtlhyAu- c Grmmtkh 
gujius^ Horace by Mecoenas: Princes companions ^deare to them as Amcre- p'^a^" 
on 10 Polycrates'.PhiloxeHusioDionyJius^md highly rewarded . -^^'^•v^^^^^ p^o^^^^ 
lent Xcnocrates the Philofopher 50 talents,becaufe he was poore,, rerum qui (pedmn c- 
aut eruditio^je prajimtes 'wiriymenfis olim regum adhibit Philofiratm re- ^^t^^^^^^^ 
latesof^^^'m/^^and Lamprt^ius of Alexander Sever us ^hmousQhxVzs:, digAimU mfig- 
came to thefc Princes Qouxfi^velut in Ljcmm^^^ ro an Vnivcrfity , & were fiiadecrevemnt 
admitted to their Tables,^«<iy^^/W«^ epaiisaccumbefftcs L^nhiiatts ^^^^^^JbM^otn!bant 
Macedo»ianking would not willingly fup without Euripides ^deleciatus poe. heroui Erafm. 
t£ fuaui fermo/fe^md it was fit it {hould be fo , quomam illis nihil deefl^ ^epJ^.F^f-wrpif; 
minirne cgere foleat^dr difcipUnas quas profitentur jbli a contempt h vinMcA- a n^fitu pA 
y<?^o^i(;?^3they needed not to beg fobafely , as they compellefchollersinM'P<»ew(i/«w , 
our times to complaine of poiierty ^ or crouch to a rich chuffefora meales sSt^Z!" 
meatjbiit could vindicate thcmfelues , and thofe Arts which they profefled, 4 stneca. 
Now they would^and cannot; for it is held by foms of them , as an axiome, ^^^"f^f'^^ 
that to keepe them poore^will make them fiudy; they mufl be dieted , as hor-^^^Z qwd 
fes to a race,not pampered, t Alendos volmt , non faginandos , ne melioris no6ik abhora 
mentis fiamrnuU extinguatur-, a fat bird will not fihg ^a fat dog cannot hunr^S: Ima 
fo by this depreffion of theirs/ fome want meanes,others will,all want g in~feMat,qui do-, 
couragement,as being forfakcn almof^^and generally contemned. How be . ^f^^^^^^}^^^ 
loued of old^and how much refpeded was Plato oiDionyfius? How dearc to .■arlTmenmer'' 
Alexander vf^s Arifiotle} Anexarchus and Trehatiusto Auguftus^ Capus} ees. luv.sat.j, 
to rejpafian Plutarch to Traian? Seneca to Nero} Simonides to Hseron} how )f^^fl^f'^' 
honoured/* ^ Sed h^c prius fuere^ mm recondita \ nemo 4 quetH. 

Senent quiete, thofe limes arc sone.- * ^\ ^^ff'^ 

Et /pesjdr ^^tto jtudtorum m Cajare t ant urn: -^^ lubmtM 

as he faid of old,we may tniely fay now , he is our Amulet^ our » Sunne,our ndMt, 
fole comfort and refuge,ourP/ote/,our common Meccenits ^lacohm munifi- * ^^^^i)^' 
cm^Iacobtu pacificm^myfta Mufirtm^Rex PlatonicuiiGrandedecm^columen^ 
noflrum : A famous vSchoUer himfelfe,and the folc Patron, Pillar, and fufUi- 
ncr of Learning: but his worth in this kinde is fo well knowne , that as Pater- 
culm of Caio^Iam ipfum Imdare nefa^ fit : and which * PUny to iraian, SerU 
te carminajhonorj^ At emus annalmm , non hac hrevis pudenda prxdicatio 
colet^'^ixthz is nowgone,this Sunnc ofours fct,and yet no night folio wes, 

soloccubuit^nox mlU feqmtA eft . We haue fuch an another 

inhisroomc ^aurem alter iinf^U 

R 2 AvulfuS 

Part. i.Sed.. Caufes of Mdancholy. Mcmb.5.^ubf.i 5* 

, « 30 K^vuifmfimili frondefcff vtrga met alio ^ and long may he raignc and flo- 

ri{h amon^fivs. j • l 

Let me not be malitioi]s,and lie againft my Geniui ; 1 may not dcnie, but 
that we haiic a fprinkling of our Gcnirie,hecre and there one, excellently wel 
learned, Iktlho^Q Fuggerim Germany ^ DuBartas^ VuPle/feis^ Sadaeriw 
France^Ptcus MiranduU.Schottus^ Barotim in Italy: 

but they are but few in refped of the multitude,ihe maior part ( and fome a- 
. gaine excepted,that ate indifferent) are wholly bent for Hawkes and Hounds, 

and carryed away many times with intemperate Iuft,gaming,and drinking. If 
they read a booke at any time, {fi qmd e(i interim otij a 'vemttp^ foculii, aleh^ 
fcortU jtis an Englifh Chronicle, S"- Hmn ofBurdeaux^ i Amadi^ de Gaule, 
a play-booke, or fome pamphlet of Newcs , and that at fuch feafons onely, 
k um mm when they cannot ftirre abroad, to driue away time , ^ their fole difcourfe is 
femefenfM_^^ dogs,hawkes,horfes,and what newes ? If fome one haue beene a trauellcr in 
m7ni.Zet Italy, ov as farre as the Empcrours Court, wintered in Orleance, & can court 
8» his Miftris in broken French,weare his cloathcs neatly in the ncweft fafhion, 
fing ^ome choice out-landifh tunes,difcourfe of Lords,Ladies,Townes, Pa- 
1 ^tsmimge- iaces,and Citics,he is compleat,and to be admired: ^ Otherwife he and they 
ZfrqJiX- ^'"^^ difference betwixt the Mafter and the Man,but worfliip- 

nm genere, & full titles: winke and choofe betwixt him that fits downe f cloathcs excepted) 
pmiaro^ mm-^ j^jj^ ^^^^ j^^j ^j^^ Trencher behindc him: yet thefe men mui^ be our Pa- 
^gnl^.iwt. ' trons,our goucrnours coo fometimes^ftatefinen,magiflraies, noble, great, 8c 
SAtji. wile by inheritance. 

Miftake mc notf'I (ay againe) Vos Patrititts fanguiij you that are worthy 
Senatours,Gentlemen,I honour your names and perfons , and with all lub- 
miflene(Ie,proftrate my felfe to your cenfure and leruicc. There are amongft 
you, I doe ingenioufly confcllc, many well-deferuing Patrons ,and true pa- 
triots,© f my knowledge', befides many hundreths which I neuer {aw, no 
j^^^^^^^^^doubtjOr heard of, pillars of our common-wealth, whofe worth,bountie, 
met with my learning,forwardnefIc,truc zcale in Rcligion,and good efleeme of all Schol- 
fcifc, and con- lers,ought to be confecrated to all pofterity : but of your ranke there are a de' 
vc«^ worthy ' boflied,corrupt,couetous,illitcrate crew againe,no better then ftockes, me- 
Gcntlcmenin THm pecuiftciioT Dcum^uon mihi vidcri dignos ingenui hominis appellatio- 
thc Country, nc)barbarous ThracianSyC^ quis iUeThrax qui hoc negei} a fordid,prophane, 
riorVnoi to pernitious company jirreligiouSjimpudent and flupid, I knowe not what E- 
be preferred pithcts to giuc them,enimies to lcarning,confounders of the Church,and the 
S'^lcarnin'^' to ^"^"^ '^^^ common-wcalth; Patrons they are by right of inheritance , & put 
many of out iu truft freely to difpofe of fuch Liuings to the Churches good ; but ( hard 
Acadcmtcks. taskc-maftcrs they proue j they take away their ftravv , ;ind compell them to 
f^ve^M^^ml make their number ofbricke: they commoiily rcfped their owne cnds,com- 
tatm Homere, modity is the ftecrc of all their adions,and him they prefcnt in concIufion,as 
^JleruTbl Ho ^ ^^^^ grcatcft gifts,that will giue moft^ no penny ,0 no Pater nofler.as the 
mteforoi. faying is; Nifi preces auro fulcias amplih irritas: 'ut Cerberus off a , their at- 
P £r kyii\n^(^ tcndantsand officers muft be bribed,feed and made, as Cerberus is with a (bp 
^^TewT by him that goes to hell. It was an old {aying,0«/»/<« Romz venalialxis a rag 
Tanqa^ vnguei of Popery,which will neuer be rooted out, there's no hope, no good to bee 
dkitopjfuos, ^vithout mony* A Clarke may offer himfclfe^ approiie his p worth, lear- 


Pari.i.Sed.z. ^hy the ^ufes are melancholy. Mcmb.3.Subf.i 5^ 

ningjhonefty ,religion5Zcalc,they will commend him for ir; but — t prohitas 151 
UudAtur alget. If he be a man of extraordinary parts,thcy will flocke a far \ JitvtnaU 
off to heare him,as they did in AfuleiuSyXO fee Pjyche: multi morules co^fitt- 
ebant ad videndum fecttU decus ^fpeculumglorhfum : laudatur ah ommhus^ 
fpe^iatur ah omnibus ^nec qui/quam mn rex^ nonregius^ cupidus eiusmptia- 
rmn petit r accedit , mi rant ur quidem divinam for mam omnes ^fed vt fimu- 
lachrum fahrepolititm mirantHr-^ many mortall men came to (ee faire pfyche, 
the glory ofher age,they did admire her^commend, defire her for her divine 
beauty ,and gaze vpon her; but as on a picture , none would marry her , quod 
indotataf^ixQ, Pfyche had no money. 1 So they doe by learnings 

— — dtdicit iam dives avarus q t« vera iket 

Tantum ad^irari. tantum laudare difertos, Orphetufn^fa^a 
Vtpuert imonts avem , ^ emoUim, nifi 

Your rich men haue now learn d of later daies ytumbea eorm 

V admire^commend^and come together Z*gemTma7eo 

To heare and fee a worthy Schollcr fpeake, 
As children doe a Peacocks feather. saiukmenjis 
He fhall haue all the good words that may be giuen, ^ a proper man, and 'tis J "^^''"'^•^'^•J^- 
pitty he hath no prefcrment,all good wiflrics; but inexorable, indurate as hce r Tuven. Sat.7. 
is,he will not preferre him, though it be in his power,becaufe he is indotatus, ^^^^Y ^0?° 
he hath no money. Or if he doe giue him entertaincinenr, let him be ncuer fo epodjibz. 
well qualified,plcad affinity,con6nguinity jfufficiencyjhc fhall ferue 7 yeares, '-dosii^fafcl' 
as did for ^^f^^-/, before he fhall haue it. Ufhee will enter atM,hee^fj;-,f''|'^^^ 
muft get in at that Simoniacall gate,comc off foundly , and put in good fecu- r{^atwi ad 
thy to perfbrme all couenants ^elfe he will not dealc with, or admit him. But ^^^j^^^ 
iffome poore {choller,fome parfbn chaflfe will offer himfelfcj fome Trencher Tus-^fangumif, 
Chaplaine,that will take it to the haIfes,thirds,or accept of what he will giue -^^^ simom, 
he is welcome.be conformabIe,preach as he will haue him,hc likes him before ^^Jim,^^^' ^" 
a piiflion of others; for the beft is alwais beft cheap : and then as Hierom (aid 
to CromatiuSypiteM dignwn operculumf![\':^ a Patron/uch a Clarke- the cure 
is fupplicd,and all parties pleafed. So that is ftill verified in our age , which 
" Chryfijlome complained of in his time, Qui opulent iores funt in ordinem pa- u Ltb.mtra 
ra/itorumcogunteos ipfis tanqmm canes admenja^fua^ enutriunt ^ ^^'tiiamrtyre'^" 
rum£ impudentes Ventres iniquarum canarum reliqu^s dijjerciunt , yfdem 
fro arhitrio dhutentesi Rich men keepe thefe Ledurers , and fawning Para- 
fites,like fo many Dogges at their tables , and filling their hungry guts with 
the oflals of their meat,they abufe them at their pleafure,and make them fay 
what they propofe. ^As children doe hy ahirdor a hutterflye ina jlring^pull in ^ ^txfmbmt 
and let him out as they lift , doe they hy their trencher Chaplaines^ prefer the ^ ^^leiTcogm^ 
command their wits Jet m and out as to them it feemes heft. If the Patron bee hienmm mjlm 
precifCjfo mufl his Chaplainc be; ifhe be Papifiicall,his Clark mufl be fo too, P^'^^^^ £^^'^11 
or clfe be turned our. Thefe are thofe Clarkes which ferue the turne , whom ^ relaxtmt vt 
they commonly entertaine,and prefent to Church liuings,whilft in the mean papiUonempue- 
time we that are Vniverfity men,Iike (b many hide-boutid Calues in a Paflure ^//^^Ji;"^^"'^ 
carry out our time,wither away as a flowrc vngatheredj in a garden , and arc out atmhmtt 
never vfed; or as fo many candles,illuminatc our fefues alone , obfcuring one ^^'^ uridine 
anothers light^andare not difcerned here at all; the leaft of which, tranflated ^Im^cenfen' 
to a darke roomc,or to fome Country Benefice , where it might fhinc apart, te%,Uiinfm, 

R 3 would 

ParT«i.Scd.2. Caujes of Melancholy, Mcmb.5.Subf ijj 

132 would glue a faire light,and be fecne over all. Whilft we lye waiting here as 
t ioh.f . thofe ficke men did at the poole oft Bet he/da ^iiW the Angell ftirred the wa- 
tur,expe(5ling a good houre,they ftep becweene , and beguile vs of our pre- 
ferment. I haue not yet faid;if after long expedation,much expence, traudl, 
earneft fuit of our feiues and friends, we obtaine a fmall Benefice at laft ; our 
mifery beginnes a-frefli^we are fuddenly encountered with the flefli , world, 
and Divelljwith a new onfet,vve change a quiet life for an Oceail of troubles^ 
we come to a ruinous houfe^which before it be habitable^niufi be neceflarily 
to our great damage repaired,we are compelled to fue for dilapidations , or 
elfe fued our feiues, and fcarce yet fetled j we are called Vpon for our Prede* 
ceflbrs arrerages-firft fruits^tenthes/ubfidies, are inftantly to be paid , bene- 
volencCjprocurations^&c. and which is moft to be feared, wee light vpon a 
crackt title,as it befell C^enard oi'Brabant^ for his Redory and charge of his 
fEfi(i.lib i. Begm<e^ he was no fooner indu(5ted,but inftantly fued.cepmuf^ ( f laith he^ 
Umfujfeaui in flrenuc Utigare^^ mpUcabili kUo confligere ; at length after ten yeares fiite, 
locum demmm ^ Troyes fieee , when he had tired himfelfe.and fpenr hismony. hee 
eft aduerfmiiiy vvas fame to Icaue all for quietnefle lakeland giue it vp to his aduerlary. Or 
hSrr*'*^'" elfe we are infulted ouer,and trampled on by doniineering officers,fleiced by 
tZ%'e,' thofe greedy Harpies to get more fees , wee ftand in feare of fbme precedent 
Lapfe; we fill amongft refra(Slory /editions Seciaries,pecuifli Puritans^ per- 
vcrfe Papifts^a lafcivious rout of Atheifticall Epicures^ that will not be refer* 
medjOr fome litigious peopk^(thoptvi/d bea/ls ofEphefui^ muft bee fought 
with)that will not pay their dues without much repining, or compelled by 
long fuitjfor Laki clericis oppido infefli^2ix\ old axiome , all they thinke well 
gotten that is had from the Church,and by fuch vnciuill^harfh dealings, they 
make their poore Minifter weary of his place , if no t his life ; and put cafe 
they be quietjionef^ men, make the befi of it, as often it falls out, from a po- 
lite and tcrfe Academicke, he muf^ turne rufticke, rude, melanchol ife alone, 
learne to forget,or clfe^as many doe become Maulfters,Gra{iers,Chapmen, 
&c.f now banifbedfrom the Academy ,ail commerce of the Mufes, and con- 
fined to a country village,as Ovid was from Rome to ?0ntm^) and daily con- 
verfe with a company of Idiots and Clownes. 

Nos interim quod attinet ("nee enimimmunesabhacnoxa fumus ) idem 
rcatus manetjidem nobis,& fi non multo gravius,crimcn obijci potcf^ : noflra 
enim culpa fit,nof^ra incuria,noftraavaritia,qu6d tarn frequentes, foedxqjfi- 
ant in Ecclefia nundinationes, (f tempium eft vamle, deuf^) tot fordes inve- 
hantur,tanta graffetut impietas,tanta nequitia,tam infanus miferiarum Euri- 
pus,S^ turbarum seftuarium,noftro inquam, omnium ( Academicorum im- 
primisjvitio fit. Quod tot Refpub.malis afficiatur,a nobis feminarium , vitro 
malum hoc accerfimus,& quavis contumelia , quavis interi m miferia digni, 
qui pro virili non occurrimus. Quid enim fieri poffe fperamus , quum tot in- 
dies fine deledu pauperes alumni,terrje filij,& cujufcunq-, ordinis homuncio» 
fies ad gradus certatim admittantur ? qui fi definitionem, dif^indionemque 
vnam aut alteram memoriter edidicerint, & pro more tot annos in dialcdica 
pofuerint,non refert quo profeau,quales demum fint, Idiot^e, nugatores,o- 

Spojjfi Penelopes, nebidones, '^Utnoi^^ 

modo tot annos in Acadc^jnii infumpferint, Sc fe pro togatis vendit^rintjlu- 

.Part.i.Se6t.2. Why the Mufes are melancholy. Memb.3. SubjCi 5, 

cri caula j& amicorum interceflfu pracfentantur .• Addo etiaiii & ma^nificis 1 3 5 
nonnunqiiam elogijs morum & fcicntias , & jam valediiSturi teftimonialibus 
hifce litciis,amplnrim^ confcriptis in eorum graiiam honorantur ^ ab ijs, oui 
fidei iux & cxiitimationis jaciuram proculdubio faciunr. Dolores emm (^ 
?rofeJjGr€s((\v\od ait y illej idvmm curant^tex frofeponihus frequetibmj y ^'*"-^^'^d.<: C\ 
^ tumultmrijsfotius qu^m legitimii^commodafrapromovemtj(jr ex dtfpen- \mmm^dt- 
dio f lib Itcofuum fact ant tncrementum. Id fblum in votishabent annui pie- '»«/^'»?^'#«. 
rLimq;magiilratus,vtab incipientium nuinero pecunias emungant, i^ec J^J^^i jf^/of 
multum intereftqiii fint^literacores an Iiteraci,mod6pingues,nitidi,adafpe aww«6«iw 
6tLim rpeciof],& quod verbo dicam^pecuniofi fint. a Philofophafiri licentian- p'['d-fnperjim' 
tiir in artibus,artem qui non habcnt , f Eo/^ fapu»tes efe lubent , qm tiuM ''^{^^^o '^^^. 
py^dtti funt fapientia^Et myUdgradtim^^r^terquamvelle adferunt. The- diaiatma,ia 
ologaftrif^folvant modo) fatis fuperq; doci:i,per omnes honorum gradus eve- ^'^^ua 
huntur & afcendunt. Atq^hinc fit quod tarn vil.es (cunx , tocpallim Idiota;^ hab^t'J/inm 
Iiterarum crepufculo polltijarvae paftorumjcircumforaneijvagijbarbi, fungi, ^^.^7. 
craflfijafini^merum pecuSjinfacrofandosTheologiasaditus, illotis pedibus f ^"^•'^^'''^ ' 
iriumpant,pr£Eter inverecundum trontem adferentes nihiJ^vulgares quafdam 
quiiquiIias,&fcho!ariumquaedamnugamenta , indigna qua^ vel recipiantur 
in trivijs. Hoc illud indignum genus hominum & famelicuin,indigum,vagu, 
ventris mancipium^ad ftivam potius rcleganduni,ad haras aptius , quam ad 
aras,quc)d divinas hafce literas turpiter proiiituit ; hi funt qui pulpita com- 
plentjn sedcs nobilium irrepunt,&: quum rehquis vitae deftituantur fubfidijs, 
ob-corporis animi egeftatem^aliarum in Repub; partium minime capaces 
fint^ad facram hanc anchoram confugiunt, facerdotiumquovifiiiodo captan- 
tes,non ex finceritate , quod ^ Peiulm ait , fedcmpomntes verhum Dei, Ne b iXm.7.\t, 
quis interim viris bonis dctra(Sum quid putet,quos habet Ecclefia Anglicana 
quamphirimos,egregre dodos^illuflreSjintadae fama? homincs,& plures fbr- 
fan quam quaevis Europas provinciajne quis a florentiffimis Academijs , quse 
viros vndiquaq^dodifTimoSjOmnivirtutum genere fufcipiendos abunde pro- 
ducunt. Et multo plures vtraq;habitura,mult6 fplendidior futura, fi non hae 
fordesjfplendidum lumen eius obfufcarent, obftaret corruptio3& cauponan- 
tes quae dam Harpyaejprqlctarijq; bonum hoc nobis noninviderent. Nemo 
enim tarn ca^c^mente^qui non hocipfum videat: nemo tam ftolido ingenio, 
qui non intelligat; tam pertinaci judicio,qni non agnofcat ^ ab his Idioiis cir- 
cumforaneis/acram pollui Theologiam , ac coeleftes Mu/as quafi propha- 
numquidd^nii proftitui.r//f^/4^/^^ & effrdintes (fic enim Luther us »alicubi c commmun 
vocat J/ucellicdufa vt mufca admulcfra^admhilmm ^ heroum menfxu \tdjtP- 
Unt^infpem ^ir<fV^(?/^,cujuflibet honor/s,officij, inquamvisa;ulamyvrbqnle 
ingcrinir,adqiiodvis fe minifkrium componunr, ! * rjj:/. lii i> l, ifoj r 

•r if -i vt nervii dienis mobile I'tgmm ^U^Biicitut^^^\,{\\ 
^ cffam fequentes^ffntacorwnmore:,iripr£dafpem quidvi6.'k^^^ 
dantes Parafiti' {'^ Erafmm2L\X }quidvisddent\,dtcmt^f£TibuntJuaden).;& e£cclefiaH, 
eontra conjcienttam probant^non vt fdtttmm reddant gregem ,fedvt magm- ^l^^],J^f^Qf^^l 
fic Am fibi parent fortumm.OpinionesqUdfiau^decreta. centra verbnm Dei 
aflruunt^ne non ojfendAnt pAtronum^fedvt retineAnt fAvorem procerum ^ ^ 
populipUufum,fibi^^ipfis opes Accumulent, Eo etenim plerumq; animoad 
Theologiam accedunt,non vt rem divinam 5 fed vt fuam faciant»non ad Ec- 
clefia?bonumpromovendum, fed expilandum 5 quaerentes quod /'Wi^^^ ait, 


Part.i,Sed.i. Caufes of Melancholy. Mcnlb.3 .Subni 5.' 

1 34 "N^on ^u^ left Chrijlijed qu£ fuA^notx domini thefaurum,fcc! vt fibi, fuifqj the- 
faurizent. Nec tantiim ijs,qiu vilioris fortunce , & abjedac fortis fiint , hoc in 
vfu eft: fed & medios/ummoSjClatoSjnc dicam Epifcopos^hoc malum inva- 
fit. 8 D/^//^ Z'^?^// fic es, infacris tjuUfacit Anrnm ? 

hS/^f ' ^ fumntosfjife viros tranfverfos cigtt avarit/a, & qui rcliquis morum probi« 
rate prselucerent . hi faccm pr^eferunt ad Simoniam, & in corruptionis himc 
fcopulum impingentej , non tondcnt pecus/ed deglubunt , & quocunqj fe 
conferunt,expilant,exhauriunt3 abradunt, magnum fam^ fua?, fi non animas 
naufragium facientcs.- vt non ab infimis ad fummos, fed a fiimmis ad infimos 
malum promanafTc vidcaturj& illud vcrurn fit quod ille dim luCit^Emerat iL 
le ^rius ^vender eturefotefl, Simoniacus emm( quod cum Leone ^icaxv\)grati~ 
am non aecefitjlinonamptt,nonhabet^CrJinonhabet,nec gratus poteftejfe^ 
Tantumenimabfuntiftorumnonnullijquiadclavum fedent a piomovendo 
reIiquos,vt penitus impediant,probe fibi con(cij,quibus artibus illuc pcrvene- 
'SUkMin^. rint. t Na,m qui oh liter as emerjljfe ilios credit Mppit: qui vero ingenij^erudi- 
tionis^experienttA^frobium^fietAtii , Mufirum id ejjcfretium put At 
/^quod olim re vera fuit,hodic promittitur)/>^;?//^/>Wf' infamt. Vtcunq ; vel vn- 
decunq; malum hoc originem ducat, non vitro qua2ram,cx his primordijs ce- 
pit vitiorum colIuvies,omnis calamitas, omne miferiarum agmen in Ecclcfi- 
am invehitur, Hinc tarn frequens fimonia,hinc ortas querclae, fraudes, impo- 
fturaj,ab hoc fonte fe derivarunt omnes nequitiaf. Nc quid obiter dicam de 
ambitione, Adulatione plufquam aulica , ne trifti domicaenio laborcnt, de 
luxUjde fardo nonnunquam vitse excmplo^quo nonnullos offendunt ^ deco- 
potatione Syb3riiica,&c. Hinc ille fqualor Academicus , trifles hnc tempejia- 
teCamenA^c[mm quivis homunculus artium ignarus, his artibus a ffiirgat, 
hunc in modum promoueatur & ditefcatjambitiofis appellationibus infignis, 
dr multisdignitatibus auguftus vulgi oculos perftringac ^ bene fe habeat, U 
grandia gradicns maieftatem quandam , ac amplitudinem prae feren s,mi- 
ramq; fqllicitudinem^barba reverendus,togi nitidus, purpura corufcus , fu- 
pelledilis fpIendorCj^ famulorum numcro maxime confpicuus. Quale s Jia- 
^Affetib \ tu<((\\xod ait * illejqua facris in adibus columnii imponuntur , velut oneri ce- 
denies viAenturjAc fi tnftidarent^quum r ever a. fen fa fint carentes ^ nihil 
fiiceam adiuvent firm'mtem\ Atlanies videri volunt, quum fint ftatuse, lapi- 
dias, umbratilcs rcvcra homunciones/ungi forfan & barbi ^nihil a faxo dinc- 
rentcs. Quum interim dodi viri,& vitse fandioris ornamentis praediti , qui 
aeftum diei fuftinent^his iniqua forte ferviant, minimo forlan iaiario conrenri, 
puris nominibus nuncupati,humiles, obfcuri , muhoqj digniores h*cer,egcn- 
teSjinhonorati vitamprivam privatam agant3Cenuiq5 fepulti facerdotio , vel 
in collcgijs fuis in aeternum incarcerati,inglorie delitefcant. Sed nolo diutiiis 
t xifc.i. rftf rff. ^^"^ moucre (cntinam,hinc illas lachrymaejugubris mufarum habitus , t hinc 
Caihrum. ipfa Tcliglof^quod cum SefelUo dicam ) in ludibrium contemptum adduci- 
k cmpmr' ^^'"j^b*^*^""! facerdotiumf atq* haec vbi fiunr, aufim diccre, & putidum ^ pu« 
tidi did^erium dc clero \{ux}p2it€)Putidum i^/^^/^XjinopSjCude, fordidum, mc- 




M E M B. 4. 
Sv B S E C T. I, 

NOH'neceJfAYyyf emote y outrvard^ adHentitious^or miden- ^mUmlmli' 
to, U caufes: as Jirjl from the Nur[e. tui psttfl. 

remote, outward,3tnbientj jNecejfaryc^u'Lcs^ 1 haue fuffi- rf^- 
cientlydifcoiirfed in the precedent member, tlie NQn-r2ece.ffary^^^'^f'^ hetaut 
follow of which,faith ^ Fuchjim^ no ait can be made, by reafon oil^f^^^T^^^^^^ 
their vncertainety,cafuaky, and multitudcjfj called not neceffary^ n ^9femele^ 
becaiife according to Fernelius they mxy he avoided^ andvjed without ne- ^J^'^^/^'^^^rm 
f Many of thefe accidentall cauies, which I fliall entreat of here, might rep Su.uau 
haue well beene reduced to the former, becaufe they cannot be auoided,but o ^iciavaUt a4 
fatally happen to vs,though accidentally, and vnawares, at fomc rime or o- fl^atj^Mmfi' 
ther.'therert are contingent and ineuitabk, and more properly inferted in fmUmdineivis 
this ranke of caufes. To reckon vp all is a thing vnpolTiblCjOf fome therefore ^ '^T^']^l^"f^ 
moft remaikable, of thefe contingent caufes which produce Melancholy, l^ms'prlpmtati 
will briefly (peake and in their order. ^^jM ^^^w'- 

From a childsNatiuity, the fifrt ill accident that can likely befall him, in 
this kindc is a bad Nurfe , by whofe meaacs alone bee may bee tainted with nimadverfum: 
this malady from his aadlc^ulus GelLm Uh.ii.cap.ihnngs in Phauori- ff^badiT 
nt^ that eloquent Fhilofopher, prouing this at large, o that there is the fame capramm agni 
vertue and property in the milke as in thefeed^and not in men alone, but in all dknnutr^ con* 
other creatures : hegiues injlance in a Kid and Lmbe^if nther of them fucke ^f\^amd^tmm 
the other i milke, the Lambe of the GoatSy or the Kid of the Erves^ the rvooU of'miliii captUum 
the one will be hard^the hatre of the other foft. Gtrddm Cambrenfts Jtinerar. 
Cambria Jib,i*cap. 2, QOV\^xmts this by a notable example vvhich happened y^^a^^p^^'^fyl 
in his time. A fow pigge by chance fucked a Brach,& when fbe was growne, tme admira- 
P wouldmiraculoujly hunt all manner of Deere ^ and that as rvell^ or rather q j^^j^^^} 
better then any ordinary hound. His conclufion is,S that ^ten and beafls par- quodiibet quam 
ttcipate of her nature and conditions J?y whofe milke they are fed, Fhauorinta f^yf»Oi<ibilla cu- 
vr^eth it farther, and demonftrates it more euidenily , that ifa Nurfe bee turinaturamcz^ 
mi^apen^vnchafl^vnhonejlyimpudentjdrunke^ ^ cruell, or the like, the childe trahk, 
that fijcks vpon her brcft will bee fo toe; all other affcdions of the minde,^^^^^^^^^J^- 
& difeafes arealmort ingra{fed,as itwere,and imprii.tedinto the tempera- termJcma nw> 
lure of the Infant, by thcNurfes milke^as Pox, Leprofie, Melancholy ,&:c. tvx&cquoni. 
Cato for feme fuch reafon would make his ieruants children fucke vpon his '^efonm^^^^ 
wines breft, becaufe by that meanes they would loue him and his the better, n,agnamf<epe 
and in all likelyhood agree with them. A more euident example that the '^^i^''-'^ 
mindes are altered by milke, cannot be giuen then that of Dion which he rc- u hats temU 
latQSo[ Caligula's cruelty J it could neither be imputed to father nor mother, H/rc-''7;<f4 
but to his cruel nurfe alone, that anointed her paps with blood ftill when he ^^'^"^^^ ^^^^^ 
fucked, which made him fuch a murderer, and to exprlle her cruelty to ant ubU.deCtt' 
haire: And that of Tiberius^ who was a common drunkard^becaufe his nurfe 
was fuch a one,£/ fi delir after it one ohkn\ts)infintulum delirum faciet^ liblEcdef'Jfl, 
iffhebca fooleor dolt,the childe lliee nurfeth will take after her, or other- 
wife be mifaffedledtWhich Franc/few Barbaru^lib, 2. cap^vltJerevxoriJt^ 

S proucs 

PaiT«i.Sc(5i.z, Caujes of Melancholy, Memb.4 SubCx. 

136 prouQsatfLill,a.nd^/tf.Gu/uarral/k iM CMarco Aurelio: Thechild will 
furely participate. For bodily ficknefle there is no doubt to be m^(iz.Tttiis^ 
Kejpafianui fonne was therefore fickly becaufe the nurfe was [o^Lampridm, 
And if we may beleeiie Phyfitians, many times children catch the pox from 
a good nurfe^ "Botddm cuf^bi.de lue vemr, Befidcs euill attendance, negli- 
gence, and many ^rofle inconueniencies, which arc incident to niirfcs,much 
xNe;»i?f;«o/^-^^l^nger may fo come to the child.'' For thefecaufes Ariflotle Polity lib.j^cap^ 
Siuaimemode' ij^phouormm^^nd CMarcm AHrelim\^o\.\\dnot haueachildpiit to nurle 
^et7JLZtt ^'^'^"^ ^"^'■y ""'O'^^ief f o ^^'i"g ownCy of what condition fo euer (he 
rmpuiu' be, for a found and able mother to pat out her childe to nurfe, is mturdi in. 
4 Cih de temperies^ fo f Gmtfo calls it, tis fi t therefore diec fhould be nurfe her fclfe 
fi^?cQmm. the mother will be more carcfull, louing and attendant jthen any feruile wo- 
man, or fuch hired creatures, this ail the world acknowledgeth/^?»/^^'/?/>;?//yC 
jimum eft((tsRod.a Cuflro de mt.mulkrum l,^.c. 1 2.in many words confeffeth ) 
matrem iffrm k5iare tnfantemy^\\o denies that it fhould be fo? and which 
yStephafiin. (ome women moft curioufly obferuc; amongft the rert, 7 that Queenc of 
France^ a Spamard by birth, that was fo precife and zealous in this behalfe, 
that when in her abfence^a Grange nurle had fuckled her childe^lliee was ne- 
ver quiet till fhes had made the infant vomit it vpagaine. Butlhee was too 
iealous : if it be fo^as many times it is^ihey muft be put forth, the mother be 
z To. 2. "ot fit or well able to be a nurfe, I would then aduife fuch mothers as ^ P lu- 
ces non quajvU, tmh doth in his booke de liberii educandis^^nd ^ 2 S.Werome lib, \ ,epiB. ij. 
■^^^^'^^^''■z:^;^.^^ 2. Regfamt.cap^j,2indihQ[2iid Roderi* 
a iiumx nm cus that they make choice of a found woman,of a good compIexion,honeft, 
umumauur ^^^^ ^^^^^ bodily difcafes, if it be pofTible, ail palfions and perturbations of 
hTrohibendum minde,as forrow, feare,griefe,b folly ,melancholy .For fuch paflionscor- 
/^o/ii/a/a^gr.rupt the milke and alter the temperature ofthechilde, which now being 
* ^^"f* c ydum ^ molle lutum^ is eafily feafoned and peruerted. And if fuch a nurfe 
may be found out,that will be diligent and carefull withall, let Phmorms 
and (.Mj^urelim plead how they can againft it, I had rather accept of her 
in fome caufes then the mother herfelfe,and which Bomcidm the Phyfitian, 
Smtricniyi' jsiic.^iellmiht\yo\it[i\onMb,A,de repubMP^^App '\fome mrfes are 
hmjnnt mdiQ-'^^'^hto bee^prejerrcdto Jome mothers. For why may not the mother bee 
»'". naught, a peeuifh drunken flurr, a wafpifh cholerick flur,a crazed peece, a 

foole ('as many mothers are) vnfound as foone as the nurle? There is more 
choice of Nurfes then Mothers ; and therefore except the mother be moft 
vertuous,ftaid, a woman of excellent good parts,and of a found complexi- 
on, I would haucall children in fuch cales committed to difcrecte fkangers. 
And 'tis the only way; as by marriage they are engrafted to other families 
to alter the breed,or if any thing be amilfe in the mother,as Lodovkus Mer- 
cat us contQwds^Tom. 2 Jtb.de morb.h<eTed. to preuent difeafes and future ma- 
ladies, to corrc£i: and qualifie the childs ill difpofcd temperature, which he 
had from his parents. This is an excellent remedy ,if good choice be made of 

S VI s. 

Part. i.Se(3:.2. Education a caufc. Memb.4. SubC:^. 


S V E S E C T, 2o 

Education a cnufc of UeUncholj^ 

of thefe accidental! caiifes.of iVtclancholy, may luftly 
challenge the next place^for if a man efcape a bad nurfe he may be . 
vndone by eiiill bringing vp.«i lafon Pratenjis, puts this of Educa- d Uh.demorbU 
tion for a principali cauTe, bad parents;ftep-mothers ,Tutors,Ma- <^^y^^^'f^h f 
Iters, Teachers, too rigorous, too Icuere^ too remiUe or indulgent on the o- ^rma caufk 
thcr fide, are often fountaines and furthercrs of this difeafe. Parents and fuch fupputa^uredu' 
as haue the tuition and oucrfight of children 30^^end many times in that they '^atls^abaiicna- 
are toofterne,alway threatning,chiding, brawling, whipping, or ftriking; /w»isffl/</<«. 
by meanes of vvhich,their poore children are fo dillieartned and cowed, that aowrea, 
they neuer after haue any couragc,a merry houre in their liucs,or take plea- 
furc in any thing. There is a great moderation to be had in fuch things, as 
matters of fo great moment , to the making or marring of a childe. Some 
fright their children with beggers,bugbeares,and hobgoblins, if they cry, or 
be otherwaies vnruly.* but they are much to blame in it, many times,faith La^ 
mtcr dejfeciris^ part^Lcap,"). exmetuinmorbos graues incidunty^ no^n 
dormtentes ctummt^ for fcare they fall into many difcafes, and cry out in 
their fleepe, and are much the worfc for it all their lines : thefe things ought 
not at alljOr to be fparingly done, and vpon iuft occafion.Tyrannicall,impa- 
tientjharebrainc Schoolemafters,-^//2fd*/j^^<r////^;'/,arein thiskindcas bad as 
hangmen and executioners, they make many children endure a martyrdomc 
all the while they are at Schoole,with bad diet, if they boord in their houfes, 
too much feuerity and ill vfage, they quite peruert their temperature of bo» 
dy and minde.-ftill chiding,rayIing,frowning,larhing, tasking, keeping, that 
they arc fraBi 4;?/%^,moped many times, weary of their liues, and thinkc no 
flauery in the worldf'as once I did my fclfe^ like to that ofa grammer Schol- 
\zx.VrM€ptorum inept ijs difcruciantur ifJgefiiapuerorum^{hii\\ Er^ffmm^xhty 
tremble at his voice, looks, comming in. ^'.odf^/';; in his firft booke of his 
confeJif.And a^.cnp' calls this fchooling meticulofum necef^rtntcm^ & elfewherc 
a martyrdomc, and confefleth of himfelfe, how crnellv he was tortured In 
minde for learning Greeke,»«//4 verbA noueram^^ fevis terroribm (jrpanis^ 
*vt mJfemJnJlabAtur m'thi vehement er^ I knew nothing and with cruell ter- 
rors and punifhments I was daily compelfd. ^ ^ez.A complaines in like cafe c Prafat.ad 
ofa rigorous Schoolemafter iaPAris^ that made him by his continual! thun- '^^fi''^* 
dcring and threats, once in a minde to drownc him{elfe,.had he not met by 
the way with an vnkle of his that vindicated him from that mifery for the 
time, by taking him to his houfe. Trine AvelliuA lib.i.confiLi6, had a patient 
ip yeares ofage, extreamely Melancholy, ob nimium ftudittm T trvittj *■ vim mentU 
praceptorlf minAf^byreaCono[oue:much{{iidy y and his* Tutors threats, ^'^^^g^'^^^*^. 
Many Mafters are heard hearted and bitter to their fervants , and by that ^quarnln^Jm 
meanes doc fo deic(5l,with terrible fpecches and heard vfage fo crucifie them, ^^^ctpth (m^ . 
^hat they become defperatc, and can neuer be recalled. ■*^»if?"' 

Others againe in that oppofite extreame, doe as great harme by their too 
much remifhefle, they giue them no bringing vp, no calling to bufic thcm- 

S 2 fclucs 

Part.i,Se6t.i . Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmb.4.vS'ub(.2^ 

138 felues about,or to line in,teach the no trade, or fet them in any good courfe, 
by meanes ofvvhich their feruants, chiIdren,ScholIers,arc carried away with 
that ftreame of drunkenneffe, idleneffe, gaming, and many fuch irregular 
courfeSjthat in the end they rue it, curfe their parents, and mifchiefe them, 
t Ter.Mel.sA felues.Too much indulgence caufeth the like,t ixeptapatrukmtas et facili- 
ta4 praua^vjhcn as Adaio like^they feed their childrens humors, let them reuel, 
riot, and doe what they will themfelues, 
^ ^ Olfi^etypotet^o/ef vnguentA de meo^ 

I AmAt^dabitur d me argentum vbiertt commodum. 

Fores ejfr€git}rejlituentur:dej'cidtt 

Feftemfrefarcietur, ^aciat quod lubet^ 

Sumaty confumat^perdatjdecretum efl pati, 
^ but as Vemea told him, tu ilium corrumpi ftnis^ your leni ty \vill be his vndo- 

in^^pravidere videoriam diem illum^ quum hie egens profugiet aliquo milt' 
tatum^ I forefee his ruine: (o parents often erre, mmy fond mothers elpeci- 
f cmera'm, ally , dote fo much vpon their children like t OEfops Ape, till in the end 
h^rhefeTmly ^'^1^^^^ "^tvo. to de^th,Corpoyuf» nutrices^mimarUm ;/^'^^';'f^,pampering 
cxprelTeditin vp their bodies to the vndoing of their (bules/they will not let them be ^ cor- 
an Embienic redcd or controlcd, but ftill Toothed vp in eudry thing they doe, that in con- 
pa-dnama,i 0, clLifion,/^9'^r/;?^j^rfd7Jv,/jb4W^,^<?^«/>?<fy^/^/^^ parents {Eccluscap.T^o, 
f Pfov. 13. Z4. 8.9- j become wanton^ubborfiej-wilfuU^ anddifobecdent'^tudc^vnizu^t^ head* 
mrthcrod*^'^^"^' incorrigible, and gracelefle;r^9' louethemfo foofijhfy^Mth S Cardan^ 
hates his fon . that they rather feeme to hate them^ bringing them vp not to vertue but in-' 
g Ub. zJe con iury^ not to learning but riot, not to fober life and conuer^ationjjut tcaRplen- 
pma^mmfi^'^ licentious behauiour. Who is he offo little CArperience that knowes 
vtodijje p(u»«i not this of J'/i^m to be true? ^Education is another nature altering the 
videmufy iUos ^f„4g andrviU. andlvpould to God({d\^ hc)rvee our felues did not fboile our 
fed adiniuriamy chtldrens manners ^by our ouermmb cockering and mce education^ and vpea- 
non ai eruditi- ken the ftrength of their bodies andminds-^ that caufeth cuflome ^cuflome na- 
''Tl'i^^Z' For thefe caufes i>/«/4rff^inhisbooke delib. educmd Hierom 

mem fed vdup ■ epiHMb. \ ,epfjt, I J, to L<ttA de snfittut, fitia^ giucs a meft efpeciall charge to 
Mfewei«M«ff5 all parents, and many good cautions ^^quj bringing vpof children, that 
t^ucatJJur^ ' they be not committed to vndifcreet, paflionare,bedlam Tutors,Iight, giddy 
mtura, aUerat headed. Or couetous pcrfons, and fpare for no coft, that they may bee well 
l^atmJ^S ""rtured and taught, it being a matter offo great confequence. For fuch pa- 
vtinm{inqwt) rents as doe otherwife, Plutarch efteemes like them, » that are more carefull 
Ubmrn noflro- oftheirfhooesthen of their feet ^ that rate their wealth about their children. 

And he, faith Cardan, that leaues his fonne to a couetous Schoolemafter to be 
(jmminfaMim informed^ Or to a clofe Abby tofa(l and lenrne vpifdome together^ doth noo- 
^foiZtwmUkf ^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^ ^ learned foole,or a fckly voife man, 

ifta educatios 

qumkdul^entUf»v9cmu,mrvoimm,&mentU& corporis fM^^^^ con^u(tuda,lnde natura, i Perlnde agtt 

acjiqttlsdecalctoftt (oUkuuAypedem nihil cum. Uven. NilpAtri minus eft qitm pits, k Ub. ^.de fapim'.qui avaris 
digogiipuemdenios dam, vrlcUttfosinc^.tabi^ ieimttre Jiml&faj/er(,mUAliitdagmtai/i,vtfintvel mn fme Mm 
erHMt vel nonintesravitaja^nies. 

Part. I .Sea.2 . Terrors and /Affrights caufes. 


S V B S H C T, 5. 

T errors and Affrights caufes of Melancholy, 

rfl/ in the ^ofhisT ufculans, diftinguifheth thefe terrors which 
anfc from the apprehcnfion of feme terrible obied heard or fcen, 
from other feares, and fo doth Patritius lib,^ . T/V 4. de regis in- 
jlitut. Of all feares they are moft pernitiQiis and violent , and (b 
fuddainely alter the whole teiiijperatiire of the body^mouc thefouleand fpi- 
rics, ftrike fuch a deepe impremon, that the parties can neuer be recouered, 
caufing more grieiious and fiercer Melancholy ^as Felix Plater ^cap.7^,de men- ^ T*^^or& me- 
tis alienat. ^ fpeakes out of his experience, then any inward caufe whatlbeuer: iw;,rflt///<» aca- 
and imprints it felfefo forcibly in theJpiritSy braine^ humors^ that if all the denies ha anh 
maffeofbloodwere let out ofthebodj^ it couldhardly be extraSied. This hor- 
rible kmd of Melancholy (for (b he tearmes it) had beene often brought before 
him^ and troubles and affrights commonly men and rvomen^ y^^^g andold^ ^f^Tm^mim^l 
aHforts. Hercules de Saxonia^ calls this kinde of Melancholy ( ab agitatione "ermfa- 
Jpnituum )hy a peculiar name, it comes from the agitation, motion, cotitra- city quam qua 
dlion, dilation offpirits,noffro any dilkmperature of humors,&: produceth ^f.'^w^^f^o*'^ 
ftrong effeds. This terrour is moft vfiially caufed , as ^ Plutarch will haue, fortis h jpiriti- 
from fbrne imminent danger ^ vphena terrible obiecl is at hand^ heard, feene, bm^j^morMq^ 
or conceuied, truely appear mg^or tna"^ dreame ; and many times the more ^^^iS^x tota 
fudden the accident, it is the more violent. gHinen mafa, *. 

t Stat terror animis^dr cor attonitum falit^ ^Ealc^mnnr 
Pauidum^ trepidis palp it at venis iecur, dt jpec'm me* 

Their foule's affright, their heart amazed quakes, imhoHa fre^ 

The trembling Liuer pants ith' veinesand akes» ^j/j mnesex* 

jirthemedon^s the Grammarian loft his wits by the vnexpeded fight ofa «mx,w>flj,i«- 
Crocodile, Laurent im cap.jM melan. The P Maflacre at Lions 1 572. in the 
taig^ac o^charles the ^. was fo terrible and fearefull,that many ran mad,fome 
died,great-bcllied women were brought to bed before their lime, generally »onab mumfe- 
all affrighted and aPaft.Many loofe their wits 4 by the fudden fght offomefpe- ZfduZm, 
iirum r divell^a thing 'very common in all ages ^ fai th Laua ter part, i xap.g .as comra6l'mej 
OreBes did at the Ci^htofthc Furies, whichappeared to him in blacke (as ^'lll'f^"'^^^' 
* Paufanias records^ The Greeks call them feopfcoxuj^wde, which fo terrific their ^ x,inut!J'e^. 
Soulcs, or if they be but affrighted by fome counterfeit diuells in ie ff . ;r*/?mw 

\vtpueritrepidant,at^ommac^cis ITplope'ad! 

In tenebris metuunt — as children in the darke /«»r/mjti/sf. 

conceaue Hobgoblins, and are fore afraid, they arc the worfe for it all their ^J^^/j^'^ 
lilies. Some by fudden fires, earthquakes, inundations, or any fuch difmall ^J^^w/J^T^^^ 
ohieds.'Themifon the Phyfition fell into an Hydrophobia^y feeing one flcke pirhifomma, 
ohhaidik^(c:(Diofcorideslib.6.cap,7,^.) orby the fight of a monftcr, ^^^''^'''^l-^^^^ 
carcafe, they are difquieted many months following, and cannot endure the 

wife in Bafil. 

roome where a coarfe hath bin, for a world would not be alone with a dead 

man, or lye in that bed many yeares after, in which a man hath died. At ^^Ba- ^^^^'j^^ 

Melancholka con(olari noluh f Seme. Here. Oct, p ^uana pars comment, dc Statu rel:gionis in Gallia (ub. Carolo.^. 1 572, 
qExoccitrfudam(mmaliquifmrecmipiHntur,&expenmiiimiumefl. " iuArcid.t Lmet. PuelU extravrbmin 
fratteoncmimei^&Qm^A&mlmho^cA dommed^tperdiesaUquotvexm^mmortMeJt^plater, 


Part.i.Scd.i. Caufes of Melancholy. Memb.4. Sub£ j. 

140 //a many little children i n the Spring time, wait to gather jflovvers in a mecj- 
dow at the townes end, where a malefador hung in gibbets, all gazing at it, 
one by chance flung a ftone, and made it (brrc, by which accident, the chil- 
dren affrighted ran away; one flower then the rell, looking bacl<e,and feeing 
the flirred carcafe wag towards hcr,cryed out it came after,and was fo ter- 
ribly affrighted, that for many daies (liee could not be pacified, but mclan* 
^AUera trav/:^^^^/ ^" ^^'^^ towne another childe beyond the RhmeS^y^ a graue 
Khtmna -mgref- Opened, and vpon the fight of a carcafe, was fo troubled in minde, that (he 
fu fepuicbruti ^ould Hot bc comfotted, but a little after departed, and was buried by k^P/a- 
v^u7aZl[ ^^^^ obferuatltk i. A Gentlewoman of the fame Citty faw a fit hoggc cut 
& dmuvifubi- yp, when the intrals were opened,and a noyfome fauour offended her nofe, 
t9reteTfaputa. ^^^^ mifliked,and would no longer abide: a Phyfitian in prefence, told 

vit ram vecare. 

iofiJaVmlw^hCT.thatasth^^ fo was fhee, full of filthy excrements, and ag- 

obvufroxmo\C' grauated the matter by fome other lothfome inflanc^s, in fb much, that this 
TalAZrfpln-^^c^ Gentlewoman apprehended itfo deepely, that fl^l forthwith a vo- 
buium jeropr^ - miting,' was fo much diffempered in minde and bcdy,that9|^ all his art and 
bl^"e' T^"^' pcf^wafions, for fome months after, he could not rcfiore hH|o her felfea- 
cilfatuicpe^m- g^inc, fhec could not forget it, or rcmouethc obiea out of her fighr, i^m, 
eiaret, vnde Many cannot endure to feca wound opened, but ihey are olfended;a man 
^j^^;^"^"/^; executed, or labour ofanyfcarefulldifeafe, as pofll-ffion , Apoplexies, and 
cnno\kboravn. bcwitchcd: ^ or if they read by chance of fome terrible'thing,the fymp tomes 
SiS ^^^"^ ^"^^ ^ difeafc, or that which they diflikc, they arc inlfantly,troublcd 
lJ!in^rma' mindc,agaft, ready to apply it to themfelucs, they are as much difquie- 
uaio. ted, as if they had feene it; or were afFe£f cd tbemfelues.^/'(ffrf//?f pl^^ 'videntur 
^t^e' ^ '***7^«^^^^''^,they dreame, and continually thinke of it. As lamentable effedls are 
\ Theod. Pro- caufed by fiich terrible obieds heard, read, or Ihcnc^aud/tus max 'mos motm 
dromuUibj. corpore facit^zs " Plutarch holds, no fenfe makes greater alteratiou of bo- 
X E/ljWer- ^^y ^nd minde: fudden fpcech fometimes, vnexpeded newes, be they good 
nemfugienta or htid^pr^u/fi minus oratiOyWi\[ moue as much, ammnm 'ohruere^^ defede 
T^J*'^^^j///i^d'^i:^r(f,asatPhil^ obferues quite ouerturnc vs. Jet them beare 
in fiat corn u a W itnelfe that haue heard thofc Tragicall alarums, outcryes, hidious noifcs, 
^Uu"^mbi'^^ which are many times fuddenly heard in the dead of the night by irruption 
y /iid^'e.l'j"' of enimies and accidcntall fires, &c. thofe panicke fcares, which often 
T.piuizrchu4 driuc men out of their wits, bcrcaue them of fenfe, vnderffanding, and all, 
vitaeiui, fome for a time, fome for their whole lines, they neuer recoucr it. The 
y MidUnites were fo affrighted by Gideons fouldiers, they breaking but eue* 
ry one a pitcher-,and Hannihals army by fuch a panicke feare,was difcomfi- 
tcd at the walls of Rome ,^ugufla. Liuta. hearing a few Tragical vcrfes reci- 
ted out of Virgil, Tu Marcellus erii^^cSdl downe dead in a fowne. Edi- 
9 infufo^m J^i"g of Denmark^ by a fudden found which he heard, ^ was turned into 
cumfocik vtu fury vpith all his men^CranT^tu lib, '^yDan.hiJl, Alexander ah K^lexandro 
ltb,^.ap.'$, ^matus Luptantfs had a patient, that by reafon of bad tidings 
became EpilepticuSyCent.i.cura^o^Cardanfubtil.lih. 18, faw one that lofi 
his wits by miflaking of an Eccho» If one fenfe alone can caufe fuch violent 
commotions ofthe minde, what may wee thinke when hearing , fight , and 
tbofe other fenfes are all troubled at oncef as by fome Earthquakcs,thundcr, 
lightning, tempcff s. Sec. At Bologne in Italy Anno 1 504. there was fuch a 
» 'Salnfmui fearcfiiU earthquake about n a clocke in the night ^ as * Beroaldm in his 
''"^"^ bookc 

Part. I . Scd:.^ * Scopes jCalumnies^ lefls^a caufe . Memb.4.Sub44 

booke de terr^ motu, hath commended to pofterity^ that all the citty trem- 141 
bled, the people thought the world was at an end, a^lum de mortalibm Such 
^ fearefull noi(e,ic made fuch a deteftable finelljthe inhabitants were infinitely 
affrighted,and lomeran \'n2L(^,Audi rematrocem, ^ mnalihm memorandam ^ \ipiitde^ 
('mine auther addes)heare a ftrange ftory and worthy to be chronicled,! had [iptlclm dif- 
a (eruant at the fame time called Fu/co CArgeUnm^ a bold and proper man, pendi$rmtatis, 
logreuoiifly terrified with it,that hee was firft melancholy,after doted, at laft ^'lliamfvtf.ifi 
mad, and made away himfelfe- At ^ Fufcinum m lapona there rvas fuch an ipf, mortem 
earthquake ^c!^ darkneffe on a fudden^that many men were offended with head- ^^"^y ^. 
ache^manj ouerwhelmedwith forrow and melancholy. ^^^Meacum whole latig'iZ^bJ^' 
fireets ^ goodly palaces were ouerturnedat the fame time, anci there was fuch ^a\muu TiaS, 
an hideous noyfi with all like thunder ^nn da filthy fmell^ that their haire ft a- l^Jj^^^l\ ^^^^ 
red for feare,andthere hearts quaked. jnen andheafls were incredibly terrified dovkc Freis 
Jn Sacai another city ^ the fame earthquake was fo terrible vnto the^that ^^^y^^^^^-^'^f^f' 
were bereft of their fenfe j;^ others by that horrible fpe5iacle fo much amazed, p^^^^ ^^^a aah 
that they knew not what they did^ 'BUfius a Chriftian the reponer of the c^'h" ^ ^^ff": 
iiewes, was fo affrighted for his part,that though it were two months afterjhe capUelioiemit 
was fcarce his owne man, neither could hee driue the remembrance of it out pimimUcer m- 
of his mindc. Many times lome years following, they will tremble a frefh at 2llf^c7ru^' 
the c remembrance, or conceipt of fuch a terrible obied, euenall their liues tur.Ta.nmfre" 
long, ifmention be made of ir, Cornelius Agrippa relates out of Gulielmm Pa- t^itam edebat, 
rifienfis,^ ftory of one,that after a diftaftfuil purge which aPliifitian had pre- ll^^l'^fl^l!; 
fcribed vnto him, was fo much moved,^ that at the very fight ofphifickc hee deretur^tantam, 
would be difiempered^ though hee neucr fo much as fmelled to it, the boxe of ^'^^ . 
Phifick long after would giue him a purgej nay the very remembrance ofit J^J" ^^r^]^'^ 
did effed it.- ^ Itke trauellers and Sea-menjakh Plutarch ^that when they haue fwt, vihomina 
heene fanded^or dajhed on a rockejbr euer after fear e not that mif chance only^ ^[ettTffbZ 
hut ail fuch dangers whatjbeuer* abdmati, m<e- 


bonendo {pe£laculo,&c.c ^um fub'tt illm m(liffima no[lU ImgoA ^i(olo afpsSlumtdkhoemoHebatUY ad purga^jdm. 
c Sicutviatores fi adfaxumirfipegemt,aui nautue memores/ui ctluitnoaijlamdoquaoffcndum, fed & jimllia horrent fef- 
fetuo & tremnt. 


Scoffs, Calf/mnies ^bitter lefiSfhow they caufe melancholy, 

T is an old faying,^ A blow with a word flrtkes deeper then a blow (^^^-^^^ ^^^^^^ 
with a fwordi and many men are as much gauled with a calum^ny , graviter vuine- 
a fcurrill and bitter ieft,a libell, a pafquill, Saty re, Apologe, Epi- rant.Bemardm. 
gramme,Stageplayes,Or the like,as with any mis-fortnnc whatfo-^^* 
euer.Princes and Potentates, that are otherwife happy, and haue all at com- [erm. 
xr\:indykc\xic^'i^tz,quibu^potentiafcelerisimpunitate^ are grieuouf- 
ly vexed with thcfe pafquilling libels,and Satyrs; they feare a rayling f Are. mferc^ifui 
tine more the an enimy in the field; which made moft Princes of his timef as mainatt,mn\u^ 
feme rclate>//^?w him a liber all penfton,that he fhould not taxe them tn hUSa- tf^/j^^f,^, 
/yr^J:theGodshadtheiriW^mi^,ff<?z;^^'rhis-^i?//«^,/^f^i//e'jhis Thirfites,Phi ipforum s«;m 
lip hisDe^a^^S' The C^4rithemfeluesini?(?'w^ were commonly ^^""f^^- G^r'Sw^i 
There wasneuer wanting a Petromu^, a Lucian in thofe times, nor will be a ^r^at.pr^oM 


Pare. I .Sed.i. Caufes of Melancholy^ Me mb.4. SubC4 

142 RabUis^m Enphormio^ a Boccalim in ours. Adrian the fixt Pope, S was fb 
highly offended, and grieiioufly vexed with Pafquillers at Rowe^ he gaiie 
command that ftatue lliould be demolifhed and burned, the afhes flung into 
into the riuer Tiber jd.x\d had done it forthwith,had not Lodovicu4 SueJfamSy 
V{f''r!vi(lh ^ ^^^^^^ companion, diflvvaded him to the contrary , by telling him, that 
m! fmofl"^ Pafqttils adies would turne into frogs in the bottome of the riuer^and ctoake 

hbtllis nmtn vvorfe and lo wder then before. -.genm irritabile vatum^ and there- 

^umlum ^^^^ * Socrates in Plato adviieth all his friends, that refpe^ their credits^ to 
fuife laceraim, [land in awe of Poets J for they are terrible fellorvcs^can praije and difpraife as 
tatmmdemt ^^^yf^^ caufe.Thi Ptophet Dauid complaines Pf.ii^.^jhat hisfoule was full 
uJi*&c. ^f ^he mocking of the wealthy, and of the difpitefidneffe of the proud^ and PfaL 
Pijtolib. 13 . 5 -^.^.for the voyce of the wicked drc. and their hate , his heart trembled 
^^j^^'^/-;^ an^the terronrs of death came vpon him. Feare and horrible 

curant.poetM feare (^c, and Pfal.69. 20, Rebuke h^th broken mine heartland J am full of 
^^ZZ'Vi'^ta ^^^^^^^ff'^' VVho hath not like caufc to complaine, and is not fo troubled, 
bent ad /^i«da» that lliall fill into the mouths of fuch men? for many are of fo ^ petulant a 
Aum& vitupe- fpleene, and haue that figure Sarcafmus fb often in their mouthes,fo bitter,fb 
hpttMtjpte- ^oo\ii\ as i Taltafar Caftilio notes of them, that they cannot fpeake, but they 
nt cachinno. muflbi te-^ they had rather lofe a friend then a iel]^ and what company foeuer 
cmai they come in, they will be fcotfing, humoring,mifufing, or putting gullcrics 
eflinfJth! ut' on fome or other, till they haue made by their humoring or gulling, ^^-a: Jlul- 
qmtitiioqulio. fo infanum: a mope or a noddy,and all to make them fclues m;rry: 

Vier. EmucK Excuttatfibiynonhiccuiqua?nparcitamicOj 

■\^Hor,^erM.i, Friends, neuters,enimies, all are as onc, to makeafoole a mad-man is their 
fport, and they haue no greater felicity then to fcoffc and deride othersjthey 

I Vib. 2. ^^^^ (acrifice to the god of laughter,with them in ^ Apuleius^ once a day, or 
elfe they fhall be melancholy themfelues, they care not how they grinde & 
mifufe others, fb they may exhilarate their owne perfons. Their wits indeed 
ferue them to that fole p urpofe, to make fport to breake a (cur rile ieft,which 

t Tit crat. is leuipmus ingenij fruBus^ the fioth of witte as t Tully holds, and for this 
they are often applauded, in all other difcoujfe,dry,barren,ftraminious,dulI, 
and heauy, here lyes their Genim^xn this they alone cxcell , plcafc them- 
felues and others-Z^-^? Decimidy^at fcoffing Vope^as lovim hath regiftred in 
the 4 booke of his life, tooke an extraordinary delight in humoring of filly 
fellowc;, and to put gulleries vpon them , ^ by commending fome^ perfwa- 
ding others to this or that; he made ex fiolidis ftultij^imos^ cfr maxitnc ridi- 

^^^^^'^f^'*^'^ andfuch as weeefoo- 

jiendu \ lirh, quite mad before hee left them.One memorable example hee recites 
n Ji^?,^* ^^^^^» Tarafcomm of Parma a Mufitian that was fo humored by Leo He* 
int7JSaac ^^^^^ -y ^nd 'Bibient his fecondinthis bufinefTc, that hee thought him- 
rid-nduqu£. felfe to bee a man ofmoft excellent skill, (who was indeed a ninny) they 
tmcftfcoL ""^^^^^^^ fi^ f^^^^^J^^gs-, an^inuent new ridiculous precepts I which 
mmtateiur&c.they did highly commend, as to tye his arme that playd on the Lute, to 
o r/ysfwwj- mike him ftrikeafwecterf^roke, ^ andto pull downethe <^rras hangings, 
tfl^fMvkiac^^'^^^^^^^ '^o^^ bez^ clearer , byreafonofthe reverberation of 

acutiui rep- the wall. In the like manner they perfwaded one Baraballim of Caieta^ that 

hee was as good a Poet as Petrarch^ would haue him to bee .made a Lau- 


Scoffes ^bitter iefls^^^c. 

Memb.4 Subf.i 

teat Poet^and iniiitc all his friends to his inftalment ; and had . fb poiTefled 143 
the poorc man with a conceipt of his excellent Poetry ^that when fome of his 
more difcreet friends told him ot his folIy,he was very angry with thero, and 
(aid P the J envied.hu honour andprojperity : It was ftrange ( (aith lov'tm ) to ^ivtrnmaittAil 
fee an old man of ($0 ycares,a venerable and graue old man , fo giiUed. But ^of^l^i^^. 
what cannot fuch fcoffers doe^efpccially if they finde a loft creature, on \vh5 ^mel ' 
they inay workej nay to fay truth^who is io wifc,or fo difcreet,that may not 
be humored in this kind^ efpccially if fome excellent wits fhall fet vpon him^ 
he that mads others,if he were fo humoured^would be as madde himfel{e,as 
much grieued and tormented; he might cry with him in the Comedy , Proh 
Jupiter ^tu homo me adigas ad infintam. For all is in thefe things as they are 
taken; if he be a filly foule^and doe not perccaue ic^ tis well, hee may happily 
make others fport,and be no whit troubled himfelfci, but if he bee apprehen- 
fiue of his folly ,and take it to heart^then it torments him worfe then any lafh; 
a bitter icft,a (lander ,a calumny ,pierceth deeper then any lofle,danger,bodi- 
]y painCjOr iniury whatfoeuer ; cfpecially if it lliall proceed from a virulent 
ton^uCjitcutsi^laith Dav 'td)hkeatT»o edged fvcord, 'They jhoof bitter words 
as Arrov0eSyVf, 6^,-^. And they fmote vpith their tongues Jer. 18.18. and that fo 
hardjthat they leaue an incurable wound behinde them. Many men are vn* 
done by this raeanes ^moped^and fo deicded, that they are neuer to be reco- 
vered; and of all other men lining, thofe which are adually melancholy , or 
inclined to it,are moft fenfiblc (as beingfufpitious,chollerick, apt to miftake) 
and impatient of an iniury in that kindCjthey aggravate , & fo meditate con- 
tinually of it, that it is a perpciuall corfiue,not to be remoucd, till time we* re 
it our. Although they peradventure that fo (coffe , doe it alone in mirth and 
merriment^and hold ii^o^timum alienkfrm infania^ an excellent thing to in- 
ioy another mans madnefle; yet they muft knowe , that it is a mortall finnc 
(as <! Thomas holds) and as the Prophet ^ D^z'/^denouncech , tht y that vfi qi.a'** quafu 
it jhd never dwell in Gods Tabernacle, Ti imfiomw^ 

Such fcurrile ieib,flouts,and Sarcafmes therefore , ought not at all to bee ^^^lli^l^^' 
vfed; efpccially to our betters, to fuch as are in mifery , or any way diftrefled: iBMafar a- 
for to fucK, Arummrum increment frnt ^thty multiply grief e^ as ^ he percei-^^^^J'^'*'*'* 
ved. In multispudorM mult is iracundta^^c, many are afhamed, many vex- 
cd,angred,and there is no greater caufe or furtherer of melancholy. Martin 
Cromer us in the fixt booke of his Hiftory^hath a pretty ftory to this purpofe, 
oMadiJlaus the (ccondKing of Poland^ and Peter Dunius Earle of Shrine^ 
they had beene hunting late,and were enforced to lodge in a poore Cottage. 
Wheji they went to btid^FladiJaus told the Earic in ieft,that his wife lay (of. 
ter with the Abbot of Shr 'tne-^ic not able to coniaine rcplied3£/ tua cum Da. 
yejfo,mdyomsmi\\DabeJfu4'^ a gallant young Gentleman in the Court, 
whom Chriflina the Queene loued. Tetigit idd0umPrincipis animum^ 
thcfe vvords of his fo galled the Prince,that he was long after , trijiis (jr cogi- 
/4^/^»^«5^,very fad and melancholy for many monthes • but they were the 
Earles vtter vndoing;for when chriflina heard of it,lfhee periecuted him to 
death. Sophia the EmprciCc/upnians wife,broke a bitter ieft vpon Narfetes 
theEiinuch,a famous Capraine then difquieted for an ouerthrowe which he 
had lately had;thatlie was fitter for a diftaffe and to keepe u omen , then to 
wcild afwordjor to be Generall of an armyj but it coft her deare , for hee fo 

T farre 

.Parc«i.Se(S.z. Caujes of Melancholy. Memb.4 SubC4r 

J44 farre diftafted it,that he went forthwith to the aduerfe parr^much troiibled in 
his thoughtSjCaufed the Lumhards to rcbelljand thence procured many ini- 
feries to the Commonwealth. For that reafon, all thofe that otherwile ap- 
proiie pf ie(is in lomc cafes , will by no meanes admit them in their compa* 
nics,thatareaay way inclined to this m3ladyj»f/?/V?t4»^i«w cum ijs qui 
fertfunt,^ £rumnofi,vio iefting with a difcontented perfon. 'Tis Cajliltds 
caveat, ^ Io.Pof}tanmjmd " GaUtem,md eiiery good mans. 

tDe fermne pUyvpithweM^hurtmefjot: 

uFoi.^^.Gaia. JeH w 'tthmejtfutjmme me not, 

tm. comitas is a vertue betwixt Ruflicitj and Scurrility^ two extreames , as Aff^- 
bility is betwixt Flattery and contention. , it mufi not exceed, but bee ftill ac- 
it II T r ^ompanied with that t u^ka^ha or innocency,^'^;^ nemini nocet , omnem in^ 
^tu[t, iuridt oblationm ahhorrcns^uiis no man^abhors all offer of iniury . Though 
a man be liable to fuch a ieft,or obloquie, haue beene ouerfeenc , or commit- 
ted a foulefidi yet it is no good manners or liumanity, to vpbraid, to hit 
him in the teeth with his offence,or to fcoffe at fuch a onej 'li s an old axiome, 
turpis in reum omnis exprobratio^ I Ipeake not of fuch as generally taxe vice. 
Barely fientilii^ErafmuSy^grippa^Fi^cartuSjfjrc. the rarronijis & Lucians 
of our time,Satyrifts,Epigramatifts,Comoedians, Apologias, &c. but fuch 
aspcrfonate,rayle5rcoffe,calumniate5perftringcby name, or inprefenceof. 
fendj thole ieftsfashe * faith) are no better then iniuriesjaidng ie{\s^worden- 
X Taksioci ab ^ aculeatixhtv are poyfoned ieflsjeaue a Ihnq behinde them,and oueht 
pHt difcerm. "ot to be vied, y Set not thy foot to make the blmde tofally 
GaiatemfoU^ jsjor wilfaHy offend thy weaker brother: 

C^aSn",37 wound the dead wtth thy tongues bitter gall, 

* Neither reioice thou in the fail of other. 

If thefe rules could be kept, wee fhould haue much more eafe and quietnefle 
then we h»ue,lelTe melancholy; whereas on the contrary , we ftudy to mifulc 
each othetjhow to fting and gaule,like two fighting bores , bending all our 
t Egohum ml ^^^^^ wit,friends/ortunes,to crucific t one anothers foules ; by meanes 
ferafatmate of which,ihere is little content and charity ,much virulency^hatred^malice, & 
& dementia difquietnefleamongft VS. 

<iA Attic. Ih.iu 

S V E S E C T. 5, 

Lojfe of liberty ftrv it ude^impr if onment^hovo they 
caufc^ LMelancholy, 

O this Catalogue of canfes,! may well annexe lo(fe of liberty, 
lervitude,or imprifonment , which to fome perfons is as great a 
torture as any of the reft. Though they haue all things conveni- 
ent/umptuous houfes to their vfe^faire walkes and gardens,de- 
- ^ bowres,galleries,good fare and diet,and all things cor- 

IS'Zt I'efpondent; yet they are not content , becaufc ithcy are confined, may 
quadrajiiv. ^^t comc and goe at their pleafure * haue , and doe what they will , but Hue 
^J^^bii yrf//^^;^^Wr^,at another mans table and command. Asjtis^inmeates,fo 
yit<e 'me M ^" things,places/ocieties;fports, let them be neuer fo pleafant, 

ftmu commodious,wholefQme/ogood '^^wmmHmrerumeflfttiet^s ^t\\Qvcis2i 



Parr.i.Sed.i. Lo{[e of liberty ^fa'vitude.^c. Memb.4, Subfj. 

loathing fatiety of all things. The children of Jfraell were tired with Mama^ 145 
it is irk(ome to them fo to liue , as to a bird in a cage, or a dog in his kcnnelJ 
they arc weary of ir. They are happy , it is true, and haue all things to ano^ 
ther mans iudgement,that heart can mihpx that they themfeliies can defire 
bom fi fm mrint'. yet they loath it,and are tired with the prefent: Eftnatur.i, 
hom 'mum nov'ttntU Avida-^ mans nature is ftill defirous of ncwes, variety, de- 
lights^ and our wandring alfedions are (b irregular in this kinde , that they 
mull change,thoLigh it be to the worft. Bachelors murt be married.and mar- 
ried men would be Bachelorsjthey doe not louc their owne wines', though 
otherwile faire,wire5vertuouS3and wellqualifiedjbecaule they are theirs;our 
prelcnc eftarc is dill the worft, we cannot endure one courfe of life long , ^ 
quod modo voverat odit,one calling long, eje in honor e iuvat^ mox dijftce^ 
one place long, ^ Rom<e Tyhur amo vento/us, Tyhure Romam^ that which wee a Hor. 
earneftly fought.we now contemne. Hoc quo/dam agit admortem(^cC\xh ^ Se- t^^i^H^* 
neca)q(todpropofitafepemutandoineademrevolvHntur, non relinqmnt 
novitati locum yFaJlidio capit ejje vita^c^ ipfus mundus , ^ (Ubit illud rapt- 
dipimarum deliciarum.Qaoufg^eadem? This alone kills many a man, that 
they are tied to the fame ftill,as a horfe in a mill , a doggc in a vvheele , they 
run round,without alteration or newes , their life growes odious , the world 
loathfome,& that which crofleth their furious ddights^What^fid the fame? 
Marcus '^ure/iusa.ndiSo/omonythaihad experience of all worldly delights 
and pleafure,confefIed as much of themfclues , what they moft defired , was 
tedious at laft,and that their luft could never be faiisfied ^ all was vanity and 
afjBidion of mindc. 

Now if it be death it felfe , another Hell, to bee glutted with one kinde of 
(port^ dieted with one difh, tied to one place ; though they haue all things 
otherwife as they can defire, and are in Heauen to another mans opinion^ 
what mifery and difcontent fhall they haue,that line in flavery , or in prifon 
it felfe? Quod triflitis morte in fervitute vivendum^zs Hermokus told Alex- 
ander in ^ Curtius^worfh then death is bondage, t hoc animo fcito omnes for' ciib. 8. 
teSjVt mortem fervituti mtepomnt^ All braue men at armes ( Tuliy holds ) ^J^'^'* 
are fb affeded. <^ Equidem ego is fum,quifervttutem extremtm omnium ma- dBoierHilii.u 
lorum ejfe arbitror: I am hz( faith Boterm) tha/ accomptfervitude,the extre•P''^'^ ^<^h 4- 
mity ofmifery.And what calamity doe they endure,that liue with thofe hard 
task-mafiers, in gold-mines, tin-mines, Iead-mines,{|one-quarries, cole-pits, 
like fb many mouldwarps vnder ground,condemncd to the gallies,to perpe- ^ if therebe 
tuall drudgery,hunger,ihirft,and ftripes.without all hope of deliucry ? How ^ny inhabi- 
are thofe women in T nrkie affeded , that moit part of the yeare come not a f j^^^^^j^^^- 
broadj thofe Itdian and Spamjh Dames, that are mewed vp like Hawkes, & 
locktvpby their iealous husbands? how tedious is it to them that hue in ^''"^"'^ 
Stoues and Caues halfe a yeare together 5 as in IJland^Adufcovy pwndci the tnfrmaTo^u 
^Pole it felfe, where they haue fix months perpetuall night. Nay, whatmifc- vetbtotumcor- 
rv and difcontent doe they endure.that are in prifon? They want all thofe fix f * 
non-naturall things at once,good ,ayre,gooa aiet,excrciie,company, fleepe^ cedit corparis 
reft,cafe,&c.that are bound in chaines ail day long , fuffer hunger , and ( as f<eiorpepims 
^Lucian defcribes it ; mufi abide that filthie flinke , and ratling of chaines, "tSSfft^ 
bowlings ^pitti full out-cries, that prifoners 'vftkUji make : thefe things are not omnia plane m 
on// troublefomejbut intoUfrable, Thoy lye nafkly amongfi todes and frogs 

T 2 in 

ParCi.Sea.i. Caufis of Melancholy. Memb.4.vS'ubf.j, 

1^6 in a darke dungeotijb their o wne dung,in paine of body,in paine of foule^as' 
lofeph d\(i^Pfalm. i o 5 . 1 %.they hurt his feet in the Jlockes , the iron entred his 
foule, Ihcy liue folitaryjalone/eqiieftred from all company, but heart earing 
melancholy; and for want of meat,murt eat that biead of afflidion, prey vp. 
on themfeliies. Well might § Arcalanm put long imprifonment for a caufe, 
efpecially to fuch as haue liued iovially,in all fenfuality and iuls , vpon a fud- 
den are eftranged and debarred from all manner of pleafures; as were Hupfi- 
ades^Edwardj and Richard the fecond , Vderim the Emperoiir , Baiazet the 
Turke. \i it be irkfome to mifle our ordinary companions & repaft for once 
aday^or an hoiire,what (hall it be to loofe them for cucr c' If it bee fo great a 
delight to liue at liberty 3 and to enioy tliat variety of obieds the world af- 
fords; what mifery and diicontent muft it needs bring to him , that fhal] now 
be caft headlong into that Spamjh Inquifition jto fall trom Heauen to Hell^to 
be cubbed vp vpon a fudden,how flnall he be perplexed , what fhall become 
fc William the of him?^ Rohert Duke of T{ormdudjr}3Qm^ imprifoned by his youngeft bro- 
*^deft fonne* Henry the firft, ab tllo Aie imon/olahili dolore in car cere contahuit , faith 
]sdu^jimm CM at hew Paris: from that day forward, pined away with griefe. t Ittgurth 
triumpho du- that gencroiis Captainc.^r^^AJ^/'/ to Rome in triumph , and after imprijoned^ 

^^clmfZtm-^^^^^8,^^^^^^^^f^^ * ^^g^'^i Bifhop oiSalubiiry 

do- the fecond man from King Stephen^(ht that built that famous Caftle of k De- 
lore pemt. ugces in fvi/t(hire Jwas fo tortured in prifon with hunger, and all thole cala- 
wltjh. miferHm mities accompanying Inch m^v\}vt vtvere noLuertt ^mort ne/ciertt^hQ would 
fenem iiafa- not liue,and could not diCjbetwixt feare of death, and torments of life. Fran- 
^ibM'mcmer'e ^'"S France ^vj^is taken ptifoner by Charles the .5 ad mortem fere me- 
fregit inter mr- /ancho/icffsfoith Guicciardine^mclanQholy almoft to death,and that in an in. 
tis metm, & {^^^^^^ gyj. j jjjj is as clecre as the Sun.and needs no farther illuftration. 

vtta tormenta, ^ 

Vl^ieihodie. S V B s E c T. 6, 

I Sema* 

Poverty andwanfycaufes of 014 e/anchofy. 

Oveity and want,are fo violent oppiigners/o viiwclcome guefe 
Co much abhorred of all men , that I may not omit to fpeakeof 
them apart. Poverty although (^if confidcied aright to a wife, vn- 
m Cofi. ^ He* derflaading,truely regenerate,and contented man ) it bee donum 

nPart.i ScH-z ^^K^ blefled eftate,the way to Heaven, as ^'^ Chryfoftome calls it , Gods gift, 
fdemb.i, the mother of modefty, and much to be preferred before riches ( as fliall bee 
li^mrbL ^c^c^ " ^\^cq) yet as it is efteemed in the worlds cenfure , 'tis a moft 
pmrii tradere odious calling, vile and bafe, a fevere tonm'Qj/ummum/celu^j a moft intollc- 
formidamia, ^able burthen,we ^ fhunne it all^cane ^etm dr angue^z abhor the name of it, 
fSki. + Paupertasfugitur^toto^ arceptur orbe^ 

I As in the as being the fountaine of all other miferies,cares,woes,labours,and grieuan- 
fflvcr mines at ^ ^vhatloeuer. To avoid which,we will take any paines, — extremes currit 
mmf.vmmo' mercatoradlnios^z will ieaue no Hiuen, no coaft, no crceke of the world 
n^M» vnfearched,though it be to the hazard of our liues , wee will diue to the bot- 
tomeof the Sea,to the bowels of the Earth,t fiue,{ix,feauen,eight, nine hun- 
dred fathome deepc,through all fiue Zones, and both extrcames of heat and 
cold: we will tucnc Parafues and flaues,proftitute our felues , fweare and lye, 


Parc.i.Sed.2. PoVertj and want caufes. Memb*4.Subf.f<':. 

damne our bodies and loules,for(ake God^abjure Religion, Ikale, rob, miir- i^j 
der,rather then endure this vnMerable yoke of Poverty , vvliich doth To ty- 
ranni^e,crucifie,and generally deprcfle vs» 

For lookc into the world, andyojiliallfeemcn moftpart,efteemcd ac- 
cording to their names* and happy ,as they arc rich; * rlpi^ tantt qnifi^ qua- "Euripdes. 
turn htbrntfuit. In the vulgar opinion^ifa man be wealthy , no matter how t Tom.^.dial. 
he gets it^of what parentige,how qualified,how vertuoufly endowedjOr vil- ZToieJ^um 
lanoufly inclined* let him be a bawd^a gripc,an vfurer, a viUaine , a Pagan, a hum defixu o- 
BarbariaD,awretch,t^/z«^/rf/2Jtyrant3<7/?ry//^7w^ro/^w4;/(?(7y^^ with lejfe fat^-'^'^j^ 
rity^hen on the Simne: fo that he be rielY and liberal! with all/ie iliall be ho- p omnU en'm 
noured,admired,adored,revcrenced5and highly P magnified. The rich is hiid ^ci.vmiujatru 
mreputAtionbecaufeofhisgoods.Eccl.io.'^ r.He iliall be befriendcd^/^;' rkhes hum^J^'pui- 
gather many friends ^?rov,i^.^ — multos numerahit amicos^aXi^ happineffe cbris dms 
ebbes and flowes with his mony. He (hall bee accounted a graiious Lord,a P^^^'^^^'"'-^^''' 
Mec^nas^2L benefador^a wifejdifcreetja proper,a valiant, a fortunate man, oi cutta em 'for- 
a generous fpirit, Pu^iis lovis ^ galLina filim db£\ a hopeful!, a good man^a tuMmyfa^i- 
vertuouSjhoneft man. Qjando ego te lunomum puerum^& matrispartim ve- Etqui^^^io- 
re aureum^as ^ TuUy faid of O dfavi anus jwhilc he was adopted C^/ar , and an iet.Hor. 
^ hcire apparant offo great a Monarchy, he was a eolden child. All ^ honor, ^ 
ofhces,applaufe,grand tides^and turgent Epithets are put: vpon turn , owms punnhdomt. 
omnia, bona dkere-^ all mens eyes are vpon him^God blefle his good woriLip, Mony addes 
his honor;" every man fpeakes well of him,euery man prcfeius,him,(ceks & ^^'^Tj^c^^ 
fues to him for his loue/auour and protedion,to ferue him,belbng vnto him r vitM 
every maii rifeth to him,as to Themtftocles in ihe Olympicks , if hee fpeake^as '^^^'^'"^^^ 
oKHcrod^Vox Dei^nonbominiSjiho, voice of God not of man. All the graces, Maac?,a"firfe 
Veneres,pleafures,elegances attend him^x golden Fortime accompanies and towardiy gen- 
lodgcth with him:, and as to thofe Roman Emperours,is placed in his cham- hira,& 
ber. ■ y Secura naviget aura.^ hopeful^jwhy? 

Fortnnam^^ fuo temper et arbitrio-. ^ ^rram^to the 

he may fayle as he will himfelfe,and temper his eftate at his pleafure , loviall f^ghrworftiV. 
dayes,rplendor & magnificence,fweet Mufick, dainty fere^the good things, full , toihe 
and fat of the land,fine clothes,rich attires , foft beds, downe pillowes are at 'f^;^^^ ^^^'J^"- 
his command,all the World labours for him , thouiands, of Artificers are his t-o mm^iy 
flaues,to drudge for him5runne,ride, and poalt for him: t Diuines,Lawyers, 
Phyfitians,Philofophers,SchoIIers are his; wholly deuote to his feruice.Eue- " 
ry man feekes his acquaintance5his kinred,to match with him,though he be u txmit {apere 
an aufe,a ninny,a:mon0^ii goofecap,i/;c«^m ducat Danaen, when,& wh5 'ZlTq^j*' 
he wnAyhunc optmt'^nerum Rex & Regina^ — he is an excellent ^ match for fmmamhaUt. 
my lonne,my dauglt^-,my necce,&c. ^^icquid cakaverit hic.Rofafiet, let ^'^t;^;. 
htt^'^goe whether he Ml,Trumpetsround,Bells ring,&G allhappines attends l,^'*^^^'!^ 
him* every man is willing to entcrtaine him, hefups in^^ Apollo wherefocuer eubicHiu reponi 
he comes; M^hat preparation is made for his c entertainement }R(h^ ^^^^^^>[f2!^'' viw " 
Ifiices and perfamcSjall that fea and land affords. What cookery ^ masking, ^„t^i^^ 
mirth toexhileratehispcrfon? ^vX^op^ 
d Da.rrebio,pone id Trebtum^vtsf rater ab tUn db^nnt^ 
llibus * VVhatdiili will your good worlliip cat of? imfptmpectt, 

nlefis, literati 

Humtnojis , fibertlibits anificet.&c. t MuUi ittum 'mvem,imtu petiere pudk. a Vummodo (it diva barbam, ille plactt, 
bP/«/.wLw»//*,a rich chamber fo called, c^mpmrmlkr. dIitvefi.Sat.% \ , 

J J jdulctA 

Part.i.Sed.i. Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmb.4« SubU . 

j^g . — ^ dulcLtpomaj 

]Hor,Sat.u.i Et quofcung^ ftret cultus tibi fundus honor es^ 

^nte Larem guflet^venerabiltor Lare dives. 
Sweet apples,aiid what ere thy fields afford. 
Before thy Gods be feru d^Ict (erue thy Lord. 
VVliat fport will your honour haue? hawking,hunting,fifliing,fowling,buIs, 
beares,cardes, dice, cocks, players, tumblers, fidlers, jelters, &c. they are at 
your good worOiips command. Faire houfcs, gardens,orchards,gaIIeries, 
e B^hmm de piggf^nt waIkes,delighcfome places^they are at hand 5 ^ in aureis Uc^ ^inum 
le^btct. in argenteis,adolefcentuU adnutim ^£'c/^,wine,wenches,&:c. a Turkie Pa- 
iEttphomb. radile,Heauen vpon earth. Though he be a filly foft fellow , and fcarce hauc 
l^tlreuir common fenfe^yet if he be borne to fortunes ('as I hauc faid) f iure haredtu. 
funtanimi: lof- rio /apere iubetur,\\c mwi\ haue honour and office in his coui : Nemo nifi 
tyfpirits,bTaue ^-^^^ honore dionus{<^mhrof.offic.ii,)nov[Q fo worthy as himfelfe; He ftal 
XkH mm'' hauc \t^at^ efto\mcquidServius ant Labeo.GQt mony enough,& command 
are generous, f KingdomeSjPtovincesjArmieSjHeartSjHands, and Affedions ; thou fhalt 
couragiuus, haue Popes, Patriatkcs to be thy Chaplin and Parafites-thou Hialt haue 

fNmmiis ait (Tamherlin-Xkc) Kings to draw thy Coach , Qncenes to be thy Landrefles, 
promenuhai Eniperoursthy foot-ltooles , build more Townes and Citties then great 
hVotflTp Alexander, "Babel Tovircs^Pjramides and Maufolean Tombcs , &c. com- 
m ttaUi vUum mand heauen and earth, and tell the World 'tis diy vaflall, auro emitur dia- 
cxctiicntmcer- argento coeliim panditur, denarius Philofophum conducit , nummos 
ceiereiccUrn' ius cogit^obulus litcratum pafcit, mctallum lanitatcm concihat , xs amicos 
mo^noninkr conglutinat. It is not with vs,as amongft thofe L^/fe/'/i/? Senators of Zi- 
fiiim'&c"!' <^^f'g^^ PluUrchyhe preferred that defer ued befl.was mofl vertuous & vpor- 
thy of the place ^ ^ noffvolftneffe^or ftrength^or vpealth^or friends carried it in 
thofe date S'^wx. inter optimos optimus ^ inter temper antes temper at ipimus, 
the mofi temperate and beft. We haue no Aripcrafies but in contemplati- 
on,alI 0%drc^/^j,wherein a few rich men domineere , doe what they lirt, & 
\^KmMU' are priuiledged by their greatne{fe.i They may freely trefpaflfe, and doe as 
btt licet. ' they pleafcjno man dare accufe them , no not fo much as mutter againft the, 
there is no notice taken of it,they may (ecurcly doe it , Hue after their o wne 
lawes,and for their mony get pardons , Indulgences , redeeme their foules 
from Purgatory and Hell it klk^claufum pofidet area lovem. Let them bee 
* Hof.Sat^lz Epicures jOt L^theifts^Libertines^Machiavil/ansf as often they are^ 
kcim mr'nHT * £( quamvis periurus erit^Jine gente^cruentus^ they rnay goe 

tndii^^heir ^leaiien through the eye of a needle, if they will themfelues, they may bee 
Pauperis ad fu- canonizcd for Saints,they fhall be ^ honorably interred in Maufolean tombs, 
i? commended by Pocts,regifircd in Hiftories,haue Ten>ples,and ftatues ere- 
1 El mido qaici to their names, — } mambus illis nafcentur vioU--^, If he bee bonntifull 
fuit^nofcat mi his Iifc,and llberall at his death,he fhall haue one to fwcare , as hee did by 
»a/Sr dema- CUudius the Emperour in Tacitus.hc faw his foulc goe to to Heaven^ and be 
ruelui nimmos miferably lamented at his funeralL AmbubaUrum collegia , c^c. Trintalcionis 
""HTc^'ihat 'i^y^^^^ Petronius re^la in coeltm abijt ^ went right to Heauen: a bafe 
wcares filkc, queanc, ^thou wouldfl hauefcorned once in thy mifery to haue a penny from 
fatiin,velvct, her^mi why? modio nummos met^tf\\z meafured her mony by the bulTiell. 
tt^ft^ntedsbe Thefeprerogaduesdoenot vfually belong |to rich men, but to fuch as arc 
a Gentleman, moft pSrt fccming rich, let him haue but a good ^ outfidc, he carries it , and 


Parci . Scd:.2.' Poverty and want. Me]mb.4.Sub(,6! 

ihdi^ht^dorQdiot2LGod^^s'\ Cyrus \N^samong(ixhc Perfiam^y^^^ 1^9 
apparatum^^oi his gay tyres ^ now moft i-nen are efteeined according to their f ^fi 
cloathes. In oiir:giilli{h times, him, whom ycu peradventure m modeliy ^^|f^"J^^^^^ 
would giue place to,as being deceaued by liis habit, & prefuming him fomc \ x.wphn ci* 
great worHiipfull man,beleeue it, if you fliali examine his efta te,he wiU likely ?^£^f JJ; 
be proued a leruing man of no great nofe, my Ladies Taylor , his Lordtliips n /// temirara 
Barber,or fome fuch gull,a Fafiidius BriskeJ^^ Pepronell l/aflj^ a mecre ouf- f^cundla 
fide. Only this refped is giuen him,that wherefoeuer becomes, hee may call J'^^'/^'^^'^''* 
for what he willjand rake placc,by reafon of his outward habit. , t tme of- 

But on the contrary ^if he be poore, Prov. 1 5.15. aUhu daies are miferdUy (; "^^^'^ >- 
he is vnder hatches,deie6led,reied:ed and fbrlaken . poorc in puife , poore in (]p.sau Jenip^, 
i^lxvtj*' prout res nohisjluit^ita, animus fehabet^ f Mony giues life & fbule. i^iamm ail.^,^ 
Though he be honeftjWife^learnedjWcIl dcferuing,nobIe by birth, and ofex- ^^^'f ^^^'"^'^^ 
ccllcnt good parts: yet in that he is poore,he is contemned, negleded, Fjru- vnemuntae^, \ 
fir A fApit winter lit eras cfttrit^amtcm moleflu^, " if hee jpeake\,vf>hat bahhr is '^"/jf^^^jjl^/^"^. 
thU> Ecclus\\\% nobility without wealth,is ^protecla vtl/or aiga^ and hee not "lugemviitjfmi 
efteemcd; Nos viles yuUi nati infelictbm oviSy if once poore , wee are meta: " 
morphoicd in an inilanr,bafe flaues and vile drudges , t for to be poore is to ^ffuucduk 
be a knaue,a foole,a wretchja vvicked,an odious fellow, a common eye-fore, mnvr bene if 
iav poore and fay all: they are borne to Iabour,to mifcry to carry burdens ^'f'"(>P-'f^(for-^ 
like luments,^/// Jtercus comeckre with VlyJJes companions , and as Chre. Hemfms. ' 
milus obieded in K^rtfiophanes ^/Alem linger e ^ lick falt,to empty i.7kes,fay iMuafkrderil^ 
channels,? carry out durt and dungHills,fw£epe chimnies,rfibbe horfe hccles, c,}nm^[7p?j 
Scc.they are vgly to beIiold,and though earft fprucc, nov/ rufty and fqualid, I'^.j. * ^ 
becaufe poore,* im*Kundas for tunas <&quum eflfquAloremfequL 'tis ordinari- ^ TeK^m^^* 
ly lo. ^ Others eAt to Uuejbut theyltue to dru.dge^ jervtlts mijerAgensnfr faciM,qucv(cA- 
hilrecufareaudet^Si fervile generation that dare refuieno casl^: * . . nicuiacm^m^^ 

— Heus tu Dromo cape. h(fcjkbellumy ventutumhimfui-r ^(^^^ ^ap vkt 
todum lavAmuSySmah bio we wmde vpon vs whilft weevvafh , and bid your t peoi omm'i 
fellow get him vp betimes in the morning,bc it fair? or fowle, he fhall runne # 
5t> miles a foot to morrow,to carry mc a letter to my mify^^^Socia adpijiri; ZflA^efr^^, 
mm^SQciA iliall tarry at home and grinde mault all day long , T rijian thrcfh . tot apke ptrdk 
Thus are'they commanded , being indeed fome of thein as, fo ^^^ySp^^-fZ^liT' 
ftooles for rich men to tread on,bJocks for them to get on horle backe,or as qmbm jpiencior 
r vpaUs for them to pijfe on. They are commonly fuch people,rude,f]Hy , fu- ''^^'""^^ 
perftitious Idiots,nafty,vncleanejowfy,poore,deieaed, flauiilily humble; Si uNibiie^i^ 
as Leo L^fer obfemcs of the commonalty oi^^rkke^ naturA vilior&s J^nt , mdimmvitm 
pec 4pudfuos duces matore inprccio quhmfi^ cam effent: t hafe by nature , & 
no more efteemed then doej^ts^mlferAm , Uhoriofam, cAlamitofAm vitAm jl- menu in term, 
guntydr inopem^infalicem^rudiores ifinis , vt t brutis plane natos dtcAS rnq ^^^^^^^^^ 
lcarning,no knowledge,no civility, fcarce common fenfc naught but barba- Hete.^«i 
rifmeamonglt them , belluinomore vivunt, ne^ cAlceosgeflAnt, neg^vefies^ ybUant mu. 
like roagucs,and vagabonds they goe bare-footed and bare-legged,ieading fl^miJ!!^' 
a laborious, mife.rable,wretched^ vnhappy life, like beafis and iuments,if not i„ ofaiia v^ 
roorfe: their difcourfe is fcurrility, their fummum bonum,2i pot of Ale, There 
is not any flavery which they will not vnd.ergoe ^ Jnter illos plerig^ latrtnas ^^lajlmmn 
evacuant^Al^ culinariamcuroJJt^Al^ ftabulariosAgunt , (jr idgenusfimiliA ex- gemcshominum^ 
ercent,6-cMc thofe people that dweU in die ^ Alps, chimnyfweepers , ukes- J^^^S;":- 

femers^ampmu ' 

Part.i.Seft.!. Caufes of Melancholy^ Memb.4.SubC(> ; 

1 50 fermerSydurt daubers^ vagrant rogues ^ they labour hard fome, and yet can* 

1 1 write not not get clothes to put on , or bread to eat. For what can pouerty giue tlfc, 

tovpbraid^oJ but t beggcry/ulfome naftineflejfqualorjContemptjdrudgeryJabour^ vgli- 

fcoffc at, or ncfle,hun ger and \K\x{i:pediculorum fulicum mmerum ? as y he well tbl- 

fnifuie poore joyyed it in ^fdophanesA^^s and licCjpro palltoveHem Ucerayn^&propuU 
men, but ta- ..... ; ^ ' , - * r 1 • j A 

thcr to con- 'vtnart lapidem bene magnum ad caput ^^gQ<zs tor his rayment , and a Itone 

dole and pit- for his pillovv,/'r<7 cathedra rupta caput vr»a,hc fits in a broken pitcher,or on 
prdnrg^&c! a blockc for a chaire^C^ malu^ramospropAnibm fO/»^'^//,hcedrinkes water, 
y cimmius and lines on wort leaues^pulfejlikc a hogge,or fcrapes like a dogge ^vt nunc 
t?au^'lT\u ^^^^ '^^^^ afficitur^^uis non putabit injaniam effejnfelicitatem^, as Crewu-^ 
rumantis mife- concludes his fpeech^as we poore men line now adaics,who will not take 
rismrtaiibHi, our life to be 2 infelicity ,mifery5and madneffe.If they be of little better con« 
r!uoTmblT' <^i"on then thofehungar-ftarued beggars,wandering rogues , thofc ordina- 
bDeux acsnnn ry (laucSjand day labouring drudgesjyct thcy arccommonly fo preyed vp On 
in'^le^um P*^^^"g officers for breaking lawes , by their tyrannizing land- lords , fo 
nohm:Omnl A^^d and ficeced by perpetuall ^ exadions , that though they doe drudge, 
buse(i noium fare hard,and ftaruc their Genimyfiity cannot Hue in fome ^ countries ; but 
ITtottm^''^'^^' what they haue is inftantly taken from them , the very care they take to Hue, 
c Scandia, ^fri' to be drudges^to mainetaine their poore families , their trouble and anxiety 
diioTta^ue in '^'^^'^^ ^^^-^ ^^^^^ fleep^sirac^ 1,1, it makes them weary of their Hues .• when 
his Eflaics they hauc taken all paincs , and doe their vtmoft and honeftindeauours^if 
fpcaks of ccr- they be caft behinde by fickncffe , or ouertaken with yeares , no man pittics 
inFtan« chat thcm,hard hearted and mercilelfe/ vncharitable as they are,they leaue than 
being asked fo diftreflled^to beggejAeale^murmurcand ^ rebeIl,or elfe ftaruc.The feeling 
kerthrcou'n ^^'^^^ ^^^^ mifcry compelled thofc old Rofnans^ whom Menemus o/- 
try,wpndrc"d ' g^^ff^ pacificd^to refift their gouernours: out-lawcs , and rebels in moft pla- 
how a few rich ces^to take vp fcditious armes^and in all ages hath caufed vproares , murmtt- 
kee"fo°raany tingSjfeditionSjrebelHonSjtheftsj murdcrsymutimcs , jarres and contentions 
poore men in in eucry common*wealth: grudging, repining, cotnplaining, difcontent in 
^J^^'c^^^j^h" gachpriuate family, becaufe they wantmeanes, to Hue according to their 

cut^ their""' c^^ii^gs?^''^"^^?^'"'^^'^^^^^^'^^"^*'^^'^^^^ ^^^y cannot doe as 

throats. thcy would. No greater mifcry then for a Lord to haue a knights lining , a 
Gentleman a Ycomans,not to be able to Hue as his birth and place requires. 
Pouerty and want are generally corfiues to all kind of menjCfpecially to fuch 
, as haus beene in good and flourifhing eftate,arc fuddenly diftrefled,^ nobly 
bornCjIiberally brought vp,and by fome diftafter and cafualty, miferably de- 
peOareverfm. ic6led. For the reft,as they haue bafefortunes/o haue they bafemindes cor- 
refpondcntjlike Beetles e Jlercore ortij tjierzore viBus^tn flercore delictum^ 
as thcy were obfcurely borne and bred,fo they delight and Hue in obfccnity. 
they aye not (b throughly touched with it. 

Anguftas animas angufio in peBore v erf ant, 
Yea that which is no fmall caufe of their torments, if once they come to bee 
poore, they arc forfaken of their friends , moft part negle£led, and left vnro 
f nmmvit. thcmfeluesj as poore f 'tereme in Rome was by Scipio^ Lalius^ and Furm^ 
his great and noble friendes. 

^ Nil Publm Scipio profuit^ nil e't Lalim,nil Furiu j, 
Tresperidemtempus qui agatahant nobilesfaciUime^ 
' Horum tile opera m domtm ciuide habttit conda^itiam. 


Part. I . Scd[.z' Povertj^ and want Mcmb.^Snhl^^i 

Tis generally (o, Tempora fi fuerint mhik folm eris^ hee is left cold and 151 

comlordeffc, nu Uwi ad amiffAS zbit amicus opes^ all flye froip hinn a? from a 

totten wall, now ready to fall on their heads. Froz^.ip./:^, Poverty feparates 

them from their ^ neighbours. 

t Dum fortuna fauct, vultum feruatts amid. ^ 

j\, ^ , /. though hf be 

Cumcectdit^turptvertttuorafuga, inftant yet 

Whii'it fortune f^iioiif d, friends, you fmil'd on mee^ i^ey will not. 

But when fhe fled,a friend I could not fee, ^ vt'.rmm. 

Which is worfe yet, if hee be poore § euery man contemnes him, infults o- 
ver him, opprelfeth him, aggrauaies his mifery. uJliLmyvt ' 

^ 9uttm capit ciuxfTata domus fubfiUere^pArtes 'petrmch.i^uth 
Inprocltmtds omne recumbit onus. „;„ rinv4 

When once the tottering houfe begins to fhrinke, h 'ovxdjm 

Thither comes all the waight by an inftind. 
Nay they are odious to their owne bretheren,and deareft friends, /'ri?'!/.! 97. 
his brethren hate him if he be poore^omnes vicint oderunt^hii neighbours hate 
hm^Vrov^ 14. 2 o.I^ omnesme mti ac ignoti ^eferunt, as he complained in the jfrsmucbta 
Comcedy, friends and Grangers all forlake mc- Which is moft grievous, po- aci. i.fc. 
ucrty makes meti xidiculous, nil habet infe/ix p^ftp^^^^^ ^^fi-^^l^^^^^^fjl'^^^^, 
quod ridiculos homines facit^ they muft endure^ iefts, taunts, floUtSjbloweS caujarnqfio' 
of their betters, and take all in good part to get a mealcs meat; ^ magnum candi. sitoitt 
pauper ies opprobrium^ iubet quidvisdr facere ^ pati. He muft turne Para- ^Hy^sat j. 
fite,ietter,tooie,flaue,drudge to get a poore liuing,apply himfelfe to all mens m Hot. 
humors, to winne and pleafe, &c. and be buffeted when hee hath all done, as " ^^/IT* »7« 
Vlyjfes was by Meknthim " in Homer reuiled, and muft not fo much as 
mutter againft it. He muft turne rogue, villained for as the faying is, Necep^ 
tas cogit adturpia, poiierty alone makes men theeues,rebels,murderers,trai- 
tots ^^^^(\n^ics,becaufe of pouertjrvee haue finned^Ecclef, 27. i, fwcare, and 
forfweare, beare falfe witnelTe, lye, diflemblc, any thing, as I fay, to aduan- 
tage themlelues, and to relieue their nccei{\ues:''Cu/p<e/celer/f^ magiflra ejl, o Mantuan^ 
when a man is driuen to his lliifts, what will hee not doe? betray his fithei. 
Prince, and country,turneTurke,forfake Religion 5 abjure God and all, 
nulla tarn horrenda proditio^quam iUi lucricaufa,{\^m\\ V Leo Jfer) perpe- ^ 
trarenoUnt.'*' Plato therefore calls ^ou^xiy ytheeui\h^facrilegious Jilthy^ vote- l^^l^^lif' * 
ked and mifchieuous'^ and well he might. Fcr it makes many an vpright man de legibia. 
oiherwife,had he not bccne in want, to take bribes , to be corrupt, to doe a- ^'^^fjf^^fji^^ 
gainfthisconfcience, to fell his tongue, heart, hand,&c. tovftindircd^t^l^r^^J^^^^^^ 
means to heipe his prefent eftate.It makes Princes to exact vpon their fub- omnium mai^- 
ieds. Great men tyrannize,LandlordsopprefIe,Iufticc mercenary^Lawyers ''^*'''>2^'^' 
vulters, Phyfitians Harpyes, friends importunate , tradefmen lyers, honeft 
men theeues,deuout affifinates, great men to proftitute their wiucs, daugh. 
ters & thcmfelucs, middle fort to repine, commons to mutiny, ail to grudge, 
murmur and complaine. A great temptation to all mifchiefc , it compells 
fome mifcrable wretches to counterfeit feuerall difcafes, to difmembcr,m2ke 
thcmfelucs bl in de,lamc, to Iiaue a more plaufible caufc to beg, and loofe 
their limbs to recoucr their prefent w^nis-jodoctis Damhodertus a Lawyer of 
'Bruges, praxi rerum criminal.cap. i u, hath fbme notable examples of fuch 
counicrfcii CranGks,and eusry village almoft will yceld abundant teftiirjo- 

V nies 

Parc,i.Se6t.2. Caujes of Melancholy, Memb.4 SubC^. 

152 nics amongft vs^wc haiie Diimimrcrs^^haham men &Gand thai w^ich is the 
extent of mifery , it enforcech th em through anguifh and wearifomneifc of 
their iiiiss to make away chemfclues: They had rather be hangCd, drowned, 
&c- then to Hue without meanes. 

J ^I'^^f'^'f^-n ^ »fare c^uferum-^ ne tepremat ajpera egeftas^ 

lib. tzimies JD efUi a ^elfis corrue Cerne iugts^ 

pirn morittt. Much better 'tis to breake thy nccke , 

'ZyZ£l ordrowneriiyfclfcuh- S«, 

quamtam v'liis Then fiiffer irkfome pouertv, 

mZTfT^ Goe make thy felfc away.' 

m^mmimo. ^ ^^y^^-^^ ^1^^ ^3 j findeitregilked in * ^thenxt^^dx^^'mo^ in Phiditijs 
r Gi(perViie>a[x\ sparta^^md obferuiiig their hard faire,raiditwasnomaiiielI ifthc Lace- 
^pnjiT^^'^^' d^'f^f^ntans were valiant men/ar hispm he voouldr cither runne vpon ajvpord 
1" Mat.Riccim ^oint (dud fo would my mm in his vpits) thtn li'M rv 'tth fach baf ? diet, or lead 
^^^pedit:rnskMj~f)^y^f^lj/^^l^^^ common thing to Itifle their children if 

» A's'Tmim they be poore, or to make an abort, which ^tiflot/e commends, In thatci- 
mcreatoi fiiios uill commonwealth of ch/m^the mother ftrangles her childe, if ll:ie bee not 
npott^^mnc ^^^^ bring it vp, and had rather loofe, then fell it, or haui it endure fuch 
^ flranguiatk we/miferyas ^oortmzndot.Amobms Ity.j .adverfus gentes^ Lacimtim lib. 
/;//jx«/a cMi' cAp.g. obiei£l as much to thofe ancient Greeks and Romanes^ they dtdex' 
t ^Cvflogt^B.P^fi ^1^^^^ children to vffilde beafls J firmgle^orknocke out their brainesa- 
6ap.zi.vcnd:iiit gainft A y?^^^', in fiich cafcs. If wcc may giue Credit to t Munjler^ amongft 
musZuquam"^^ Chrift/ans in Litmnta^ they voluntarily mancipate, and fell themieiues, 
^kora imrdHtn thcir wiufes'a^id children to rich men, to avoid hunger and beggery* t many 
^■/^'/'.^^.^J make away'thcmfelues ii,i this cxtmmtyV x^picius the ^^-W4«, when hec 
turemui^cibu.' Vp his accounts, and found but i coooo Crownes left, murdered him- 
t rd boKoruvi Cdie for feare he lliould bee famiihed to death. P.Fore/ioi in his medicinall 
tfilru'^^pl'^cfi obl^ruations, hath atnemorable example, oftwo brodiers of Lovai/f, that 
fme fram & being deftitute ofmeanes,became both melancholy , and in a difcontented 
vhtnt'^''^^" humor maflacred themfelues .Another of a merchant, learned , wife other- 
fibi mf^rmt!^ Wife and difcreet, that outof a dcepeapprehcnflon he had of a lofft at Seas, 
u Hfw. Would not be perfwaded,butas " Ventidim in the Poct,he fliould die a beg- 
^m^perlv^o- S^^*' "^^^d this much I may conclude of poore men , that though they 
licare ptraneiy haue good ^ parts, they cannot tLew,or make vfe of thcm:t ab inopik advir- 
Vt mepiuma le- tut em obfepta efl. via. 'tis hard for a poore man to riCe.haud facile emergtmt 

vatStcztaue ■ . l i i n ^ n t ■ i / j /i 9 ^ ' 

mergn ooiii.Al- ^^^^^^ vtrtuttbm oifftxt res mgufia, domt : the wijdome o f the poor e is defpi- 
ciat. Jed and his words are not heard. Ecclef.<^. i^.y his workes arc reieded con- 

\ / 1 ^^""""^^5 ^o*^ f^^^ bafeneile and obfcuriiy of the author, though laudable and 
Pafcbaiiid. ' ' ' good jn themfelucs, they vvill not likely take. 

NuUz placere diu nej^ viuere carmtna pOjJnnt 
Qud> fcribunttir aq'u<t potoribtis, " — • — ; . : . . . Poore men 
cannot pleafe, their a(ftions,counceIs,confuItations, pro-ie<ftB,' are vilified in 
the worlds tilcemCyamittunt confilmm in r<?,v/ liich Gnatho lono^ fince obfer- 
ucd,^ Sapiens crepidas fibinunquamnecfole^ fecit ^ a wife man neuer cob- 
led fIiooes,as he faid of old, but how doth he prooue it? larri fure we finde it 
oiherwifeinourdayes, a^r«/»<7/j^d?rr^/ faeundiapannif. Homer himfelfe 
iiuift begge ifhe want meancs, and as by report fometimes he did, goe from 
dore to dor e <tndfing ballads:^ rvith a company of boyes about /^'/w. This coiii- 


Pirt I .Se£t.2. Other Occidents and Greivancts. Memb^.. Snhf.j 

mon milcry of theirs muli needs diiiratt, make them difcontent and melan- 153 
choly, as ordinarily they are,way ward, peuilli. 

Fames mora hilem in i7ares comiunt^ 
ftill murmiiting and repining: Ob mopiam morofi fimt ^cjuibm eft mate^cis Plu- ^ ^^^^^^^ 
tarch quotes oiij o^Euripides,a.nd thatcomicall Poec well leconds. hHaodotm vi- 

c 0mm s quibus res funt mtms fecundt^^ncfcio quomodo f** ^'tti^>scdiger 

Sufpitiofi^ad contumeliam omnia accipiunt magis^ wum"'dsso"iill 
FropUrfmm impotentiamfecredunt negligi, um adxemU'-i' 

Iftheybeeinadver{ity,they arcmore ftifpitious and apt tomiftake; they ^"'^ ''"i"^^.'''^ 
thinke thcmfelues (corned by reafon of their mifery ; And therefore many fua,commi!an- 
gcnerous foil its in ftich cafes , withdraw thcmfelues from all company^ ^is teeum ^mrom 
that Comedian Terence is faid to haiie done, when he perceaued himfelfe to ^ 
be forfaken and poore,he voluntarily baniOied himfelfe to Stymphalu^ a bafe scen.^.Adei^b. 
towne in and there miferably died. f f"- 

' adfummamtnoptamredactm^ 

Itag^ e confpeUti omnium abtjt GrdicU in t err am vltimam,\ 
Neither is it without caule, for wee lee men commonly refpeckd according . ^^^^-^-^^ 
to their meanes.f ^ an diues fit omnes qm'runt/iemo anbonm) and vilified if a Tkia.cb'.vUa 
they be in bad cloaihs. ^ philopamen the orator was fee to cut wood^becaufe em, 
he was fo homely attyrcd; « Terentim was placed at lower end oicecdms \ QZJfmlib. 
Kible, becaufe of his homely outlide. f that fimous/?^//^;^ Poet, by }xap.zi.defaii 

reafon his cloaths were but meane, could not be admitted to fit dovvne at a 
feaft . Gnat ho fcorncd his old familiar friend bccaufe of his apparell^ § Homi- g J*^- 
^em video pannis^annif^-obftHm^hic ego iUum contempfipr^ me. King Verfim ^ ^ ' ^- " 
overcome, fent a letter to * Vadm ^milim the Roman gcncrsdl.PerJif^s P, " irv.dec,^X% 
confuli.S, but he fcorned him any anrwere,^4ff/>^ exprobrans fortunamfmm \ HeXThath 
('faith mine author ) vpbraiding him with his prefent fortune, t Carolui Pug- f.ptr cmtm -. 
mx^ that great Duke of "Burgundy^ made U, Holland^ late Duke of Exeter 
exil'd runne after his horfelike a lackey, and would take no notice of him: Jhcrs,'fcrrn« 
h 'tis the common fafbion of the world. So that fuch men as are poore may him ihathath 
iuftly be difcontent,melancholy,and complaine of their prefent mifery,3nd ^eu^f ^fn/ 
all may pray with » Solomon^ Giue me O Lord neither riches nor poverty, feed pro, 30.8, * 
me with food convenient for me, 

S V B S H t: T. 7. 

An he Ape of other Accidents caufing melancholy. 
Death offriends^lajfes^drc. 

I \ - ' 

N this Labyrinth of accidental! caufes, the farther I warider,the 
more intricate I finde the paflage,«?«/f^ ambages ^^^nd new caufes, 
fo many bypaths, offer themfelues to be difcu0ed: To (earch out 
all wereanHirrf«/(r4;? worke, and fitter for T^^/^/a^ I will fol- 
low mine intended thredjand point only ^^^^ o^'^^^ chiefeli A-Dea^* of 
mongf^ which, lofTe and death of friends may challenge a Cui\ [ place, multi ^'^j''^„i„ia 
trijlantur^ as f yiues well obferues,/'<?/2 delicias^convivia, dies feflos, many ca/j. da mma 
are melan ;holy after a feaf^,holiday, merry meeting, or fome pleafing fport, 
ifthey bee folitary by chance, left alone to themfelues^ wichout eroploy- 
^ V 2 imnt 

ParLi.Sed.i . Caufes of Melancholy. Mcmb.4.6'ubt7 

1 54 mentj fport, or want their ordinary companions , feme at the departure of 
friends only, whom they fhall fliortly fee againc, weep & ho wic, and looke 
after them as a cowc lowes after her calfe, or a childe lakes on that goes to 

• ,' ^^yj^jj^ij ^ 7*^/^ K^tticm) thy comming was not fo welcome to tnee, 
as thy departnre was harlli. CMontams conftl 13 2. makes mention of a coun- 
try woman that parting with her friends and natiiie place, became grieuouf- 
ly melancholy for many yeares-, and T rallianm of another, fo caufed for the 
abfence of her husband. Which is ati ordinary pa{Iion amongft otir good- 
wiucs, if their hiisbande, tarry out a day longer then his appointed time, ot 
breakc his houre, they take on prefently with fighes and teares,hee is either 
robbed or dead, fome mifchance or other is furely befalne him, they cannot 
cate,drinke,flecpc,or bee quiet in minde, till they fee him againc . If parting 
of friends,abfence alone can workc fuch violent effed:s,what Hiall death doe, 
when they muft eternally be feperated , ^neucr in this world to meet againc/ 
This is fo grieuous a torment for the time,that it takes away their appetite, 
defireof life,extingui{heth all delights,itcaufeth deepe fighes and groancs^ 
teares,exclamation s» 

O dulce germen mxtris^ fmguis meus^ 

Sheu tepentes ^c, — flos tenet, 

bowling, roaring, many bitter pangs, lamentugemitu^. dr ftmineQ vlulih 
Ipatfesm^tu- Te&afremunt) and by frequent meditation extends (o farre fometimes, 
oicoram afian- ^they thinke they fee their dead friends contimalfy in their eyes^ obferv%ntes 
MweamDo^ as Conciliator conidkth he faw his mothers ghoft presenting her 

mili, ^ *" f^^^<= ^^^^ before him.i^^?^ »ims miferi voluntjhoc facite ffr<?^/^;7/,ftilJ,ftiII,ftiII, 
that good father, that good fonnc, that good wile, that deare friend, runnes 
in their mindcs.- T ^tus Animus hac vnacogitatione defixus ejl^ all the yearc 
* E^l/?. «&. i.Iong,as*P//^/ complains to i^^'w^;?/^ J me thinks I fee Virginius iheare 
Vir^mm vf yirpinius, Italke with Virginius &c. ' 

dtd, audio, de- ' d j. ^ r ./ • 7./. . .f 

funOum cogito, T Te Jine^v£ mtjero mtht, itltA mgra videntur, 

«Uoqttor. PaUentef^ rof^^ nec dulce ruhens hyuinthu s^ 

gmtsU'^"^'*^ -A7tt//(? J nec myrtus, nec Umus fpirat odores. 

They that are moft ftaid and patient, are fo furioufly carried headlong bv 
the paflion offorrow inthiscale, that brauedifcreet men, otherwife often- 
times forget themfclues, and weepe like children many months together, 
t chmctu AS t if that they to water would^and will no bee comforted. They are gone' 
they are gone. ' 

Abftulit atradies clrfuneremerfit acerho^ What (hall I doe? 
Quis dabit in lachrymas fontem mihi^quis fatis alto s 
AccendetgemitHS, ^ acerbo verba dolori} 
Exhauritpietasocttlos^ ^ himtiaframit 
Fountaines of teares who giuc5,who lends me groancs, 
Deepe fighes fufficicnt to expreffe my moanes? 
Mine eyes are dry, my brefts in peeccs torne. 
My lofle fo great,I cannot enough mourne- 
So StYO^ Film that elegant it dim Poet in his Bpicedinm, bevvaifcs his fa - 


part. I .Sed.2. Other Occidents andgrieuances , Memb.4.Subf,7 

thers death' hee could moderate his pafifions in other matters f'as he conlcf- j ^ ^ 
fcth) but not in this, he yceids wholly to (brrovv, 

Nunc jateordo terga mdii^mens ilia fatifcit^ 

Indomitm quondam vigor conjlantia mentis. 
How doth 1 Qmntitian ccmplaine for tlie lofie of his (onne, to defpaire al- j p^^pj, /j^g, 
mofl: Cardan lament his only childe, in his booke de libris proprijs^ and elfe- 
wherc in many other of his it^dis^^S.Ambrofe his brothers dcatlic' an ego pof s^^j.tj^^^'^^Jj* 
ptm non cogitare de te^ aut fine lachrymis cogitare^ q amari dtesj oflebiles 
nocies^C^c. Gregory Nazianzen that noble Puichena? a decor em ^(^c.flos re- 
cens puUulanSj^c, Alexander, a man of a moft invincible courage , after 
Epheflions dc:x\h^2.s Cmtius xtlaxts^triduum iacmt ad moriendum obUina- 
t'Hi^ lay three daies together vpon the ground, obliinate to dye with him,&: 
would neither eate^drinke, nor fleepe.The woman that communed with£/^ 
dr as ^( liber, 2 .cap, I o) when her fonne fell downe dead fled into the fields and 
would not returne into the cittj^hut there r efolued to remaine ^nether to eate^ 
nor drinkejtjut mourne andfafl vntil/fhe died. Rachel wept for her children,^ 
andwouldnot be comfortedjyecauft they were no t^C^l at, 2. So did Adrian 
the Emperour bcwaile his K^ntinous'^ Hercules^ Hylas-^ Orphtus^ Euridice-^ 
Dattid^x^bfolon-^ (O my dcare foimc Cyibfolon) Auflin his mother O^loni- 
ca-^Niobe her children, infomuch, that the Poets faigncd her to bee turned m ovid. Met, 
into a ftone, as being ftupified through the extremity of griefe. " ^gem^ " ^T^blTTa- 
Jigno lagubri filij confiernatus^ in mare fe pr^cipitem dedity impatient of for- tuna meiaKcho- 
fOwforhisfonnesdeathjdrownedhimfelfe.Our late Phyfitions arc full of^'^^.^'l' '""^'e"* 
fuch exampks,^J^ionta»ud confil, i/^i^^ had a patient troubled with this in- ^Exmntrisob' 
firmitv, by rcafon of her husbands death many yearcs together; Trimaveli- uui»dei}<eraii^ 
us /ib,i.cap, i4.hath fuch another, almof^ in dcfpaire,after his mothers depar- ^ 

' \ ■ . > 1 11 I i-n o- 1 1 Mamas a 

tuve,vt je ferme ^rActpttem daret-^ and ready through diitractiot) to make a- M:ichou. soter. 
away himfelfe: and in his j 5 counfell, tells a ilory ofone, that was 50 yeares Amphitheat. 
of ac^c^that grew defperate vpon his mothers death 5 and cured by Falopim^ "^n^t^Mmul 
fell many yearcs after into a rclapfe^by the fudden death ofa daughter which Fcnetm.iib.x. 
fie had,and could neuer after be lecouered. The fury of this paflion is fo vi- fenmm 
olent (bmetimes,that it daunts whole kingdomes & citties. death ubTolbabm, 

was pittifuliy lamented all oucr the Roman Empire, totm orbis lugebat , fiith dicmm, ite & 
K^urelim Ficior, ^_ydt/exander commanded the battlements of houfes to bee ff™*f 
pulled do wne,MuIes and Horfes to haue their manes ihorne off, and many liavita ncc ta 
common fonldicrs to be flainc , to accompany his dearc Epheflions death. '^^^ 
Which is now pradifed amongft the Tartars when q a great Cham d\ - ^^^^ ^^^ 
cth, 10 or 1 2 thoufand muft bee flaine, men and horfes all they mcete^and a- 1 r«aei«*. 
mong thofe •* Pagan Indians^ their wiuesand feruants voluntarily dye with 
thl,LeoDecimu4 was fo much bewailed in Rome.^2StQi his depart ure^that as/<?- tem condiderat 
vim giues out, communis falm^ublica hilar it as ^^^t common fafty,all good- "dhumamgtiu. 
fellowniip,peacc,mirth,and plenty died with him, tanquam eodemfepulchro ZfflaUma^g^^ 
cum Leone condita litgebantur-^ for it was a golden age whilft he liued, but af- tim principii 
ter his deceafe an iron fcafon luccecded,warres, plagues,va{^ity, difcontent. ^'^^^^^ 
When Auguftus Cafar died, faith Vaterculu^^ orbis ruinam timucramHd,\\ite mur.famm, ' 
were all afraid, as if heauen had fallen vpon our heads, ^'Budxus records, how f^^m, &c. 
that at Lewes the i2^^death,tafubita mutatio^ vtquiprius digito cce/u attin- ' ^'^'5'^^ #• 
gere videbmur^num hami derepente ferpere^fideratos effe dicer es^ they that 
; . V 3 H'ere 

Part.i.Sed.i. Caufes of Melancholy. Memb.4. Sub£; 

15^ were erft in hcaiien, vpon a fudden^is if they had becne planet llroken, layc 
groueling on the grcundj 

t Concuf^is cectdere ammis^p^Hfronhbrn ingens 

SjLvAdoletkffis they look' like cropt trees 

* o?teiiusiti- * At T{aKcj in Lorai^e ^whcn CkudU VdeftA^Henry the fecond French Icings 
mrarir.ob an (i(|er, and the Dukes wife deceafed, the Temples for forty daies were all (hut 
77amTn^U' '^P' Prayers nor Mafles,biit in that roome where fl jc was.The Senatours 
all fcene in blacke , afid for a tweluemonths /pace throughout the citty^ they 
nibm teta ciui- ^^^yg for hid to fing Or da^ce.How were wee aflfecled here in England tor our 
"'^'^^ Titiis^deUtU hnmanl generis^ Prince Henries immature death , as if all our 
f su Barktiui dearei^ friends liues had exhaled with his? Scanderbegs death was not fb 
S^t^ "i "^"^^ lamented in Epirtu, In a word, as liee faith of Edrvard the fir ft at the 
1 5 . h4. newcs of Edward of Caernarvan his fonncs hinhjmmortaliterga'v/fud, hee 
Ltiff^^'f '"^^d ^^'^^ inirtiortally glad^may we fay on the contrary offiriends deaths ^ immor- 
o eo goo ^ fai-jfiygQfj^gj2tes^ wee are diver fe of vs as fb many turtles ^ eternally -deieded 
with it. , 

There is another forrow,which arifeth froni the lofle of temporall goods 
& fortunes,which equally afHideth, and may goe hand in hand with the pre- 
cedent; lofTe of time^lofle ofhonour,officc,ofgood namejoflabour^fruflratc 
hopes,wilI much tormentjbut in my iudgcment, there is no torture like vnto 
it,or that foofter procureth this malady and rnifchiefe: 
X uvmailt. ^ Ploratur lachryniis^ amtjfa pecunia veris: 

lmafJ!vZZ^^^^ ^^^^^^^ from our eyes, many fighes,muchjforrowes from ourc 

ra?a, ut filios.o- hearts^and often caufeth habitual! melancholy it k]&,Guianer/us /r4r?. 15.5. 
pei,nonjferan- rcpcates thisfor an efpeciallcaufe;y Loffeof friends ^andlojfc of goods, make 
^popt&ajplMm^^^y h ^^^^i^^^^^ ^edtUtion offuch 
taiium confider things. The fame caufes Arnofdm Villanovanm inculcates Breuiar, lib, i 

Z7olkifim^'^l'''^^-^^'^^^^^^ ^^^»^:>^^^'^(^rftmmorte,^c, want alone will 

ut ipfe vidi. make a man mad, to be Sans argent^ will caufe Melancholy. Many perfons 
z 'Stanihurjlui arc afteded like ^ IrilTimen in this bchalfe, who if they hauc a good fcimiter 
Hi . Hiji, j^,^^ rather hauc a blow on their arme, then their weapon hurt: they wii 
fooner loofe their life, then their goods: and the griefe that commerh hence 
continueth longf faith f Plafer) and out of many di/po fit ions, procureth an ha- 
icap.iMelan- bit.^ UHontafim 2Lr\d Frifemelica cured a young man of 22yeares of net- 

iampecum<e,vi' '^''^d vnhappily loft. Sf/'^'/?^/«j hathfuch another flory of one melancho 
^'£;n [y ^^^^^f ^ he ouerfhot himfelfe and fpent his ftocke in vnnecefary building] 
° Roger that rich bifhop 01 Salisbury^ exutus opibus ^ caflris a Rege Stepha- 
tempte ammm no\ fpoiled of his goods by King Stephen^ vi doloris abforptus at a in amen 

Zi:Zntfit,\'''^'^''^^^^ through gricferan mad, (pake and did he 

hahitta. knew not what. Nothing io familiar, as for men in fuch cafes, throuch griefe 
a c.#2^ of minde to make away themfelues. A poore fellowe went to hang himfelfe 
\ upis^ufz ( ^^^^^^Monim hath elegantly expreflfed in a neat t Epigramme; but find! 
ing by chance a pot ofmony, flung away the rope^and went merrily home 
but he that hid the gold, when he miffed it, hanged himfelfe with that rope 
which the other man had left, in a difconten ted humor, 

At qui condidcraty pojlquam non repperit amum^ 


Part. i.5'e6t.2. Other Accidents andgrimmces^ Memb.4.Subf.4 

fuch fcfijiUccidcnts can want and penUty produce. Bee it by fu retylli ip, 1 57 
fhip-wrack,firc,rpoiIc ^ pillage ot loiildiers,t)t what loffe foeuer,ic boofs not, 
it will workc the like elfed , tiie taire dcfolation in Provinces and Citties, 
aswell aspriuatcperlons.Theii^?-^^*/ were mi.'erably deiedled after the 
battle of C4»;?^/,:he men amazed for fearc,the flupid women tore their haire 
and cried. The /:^»;f^4r/4;7j when their King Ladrflatis.zndhtandl fouldiers 
were flaine Ly the Tftr/^^j, Lu&u^ fnblicm &c. The ^^/^(f//.^/?/^ when their 
forces were oiiercome by the french king Levpts , the French and Spaiiiili 
kings. Pope, Emperor, all confpired againft them, at Cambray , the French 
Herald denounced open warre in the Senate : Lauredane Venetorum dnx^ 
^c, and they had loft PaduajBrixia^ Verona^ Forum lul^^ their teritories in 
the continent, and had now nothing left but the citty of r^/^/c^" it felfe, & 
vrbi quog^ fpfiC faith t Bembm) timendum putarerft^and the lolTe of that was t Libs. venL 
likewife to be kavcdjtafftu^ repeate dolor omnes temit^vt mnquAm alias ^ c. t^^' 
they were pittifully plunged, neuer before in fuch lamentable diftrefle. Amo aiiL pTt^eTma- 
I 'yiy, when Rome was (ackedhy'Stirbomiis , the] common fouldiers m^dc ionmanimo 
fuch fpoilethatfairet Churches were turned toliabIes,old monuments and fa!!grZZ 
bookes, made horlc-litter, or burned like (Irawj reliques, coftly pitftures de- memmnu 
faced; altars demolillied, rich hangings, carpets,&c. trampled in the durL f t^'^P'^'^"^- 
* Their wines and louelielt daughters conlluprated by euery bafe culIion,be- ipuHatayHn fta-> 
fore their fathers and husbands faces, Noblemens children, and of the weal- cquorum 
thieftcittizens, referued for Princes beds, were prolh'tute to euery common ^j-^/^c!"* 
fouldier, and kept for Concubines- Senators & Cardinals themfelues, dragd infuite kumUi' 
along the ftreets, and put to exquifite torments, to confefle where their mo- f^'^^if^'P^^*- 
ny was hid; the relt murdered on heapes, lay ftinking in the ftreets; Infants ^^']foc'u\is ma- 
braines dafhed out before their mother-) eyes. A lamentable fight it was to ritoymdiie- 
fee fo goodly a Citty, fo fuddenly defaced, rich cittizens feat a begging to 
Venice yNaples^'^mcna^C^c.^at earft Jiued in all manner of delights.f r/^^?j^ lixkcon^rupu 
preudpaUces^ that euen novo vaunted their tops to Heauen^ vpere deie6iedas i^"^- ^ag* 
lorpf as hell in an inJlantyVho will not fuch mifery make dikontcnt^Terercepl^J^J'^'^^ 
the Poet drowned himfelfe for the lofle of fome of his Comedies, which t iiafaftu 'cmtt 
fuffercd fhipwracke. When a poore man hath made many hungry meales, "'^^^^^^j^enfem 
got together a iinall fumme, which he loofeth in an inftant; a Scholler fpent & calu^mihui 
many an houres ftudy to no purpofe,his labours loft &c-how iliould it other- pttlfdrt 
wife be/T may conculde with Gregory, temporaliam amor gmntum afjicit.cum ifjp^ucls'dk^ 
haret poffepo^ tantum qmm fubtrahitur^ vrit dolQr-^x&iSis doe not fo much dCuaa c(l. 
exhilarate vs with their poficflion,as they torment vs with their lofte. 

Next to Sorrow ftill I may annexe fuch accidents as procure Fcare* 
for befidestfiofe Terrors which I hauc<^ before touched, and mnny othe^^ ^'J;^'^*'"* 
feares (^which arc infinite/there is a fuperftitious Feare, one of the three great feare "frc 


caufes offcarcin -r^rii?^//^', commonly caufed by prodigies and difmall a'cci^ 5^'",'' jeft"'" 
cidents^ which much troubles many of vs. (Nc/cio quid animm mihipr^fagit Jci fore^toij, 
f?iali.)l^s if a Hare croffe the way at our going forth, or a moafe gnaw out 
clothes.- If they bleed three drops at nofe,the fait fall towards them, a black 
fpotappcare in their nail€S,&c.with many fuch, which Delrio Tom.i- lib if, 
fe6i,Q^,Anfiin.Niphm in hisbooke de Augur tjs,?olidore virgM. 3. de Pfodi'- 
giit.Sartsbtmenfis policrat //^.i .f^/'.r ^.difcuffe at large.They are fo much ^f- j^^^^^^' 
fc<^ted^thart vvithveryftrenffi:hofImagination,Feare3andthediuelscraft,/^9' ' 
■.y ■ \ ^ c^MH " pn^ 

Part.i,Sea:.i. Caufes of Melancholy. Memb,4.S LM4i 

158 puUtho/e miffortunes they fit eel ^vpon their ovpne he ads, and that which 
they feare^jhall come vponthem. ^s Salomon ioxt-itWtth^ pro, io»i/\.md 
11 ay denounceth, 66, 4. which if ^ they could negleU and contemrie^wouldnot 
come to paffe. Eorum vires nojira re fide nt opinione^ vt morbigravttas dgro* 
Vtm^nMv\.^^"^t^*^(^^g^^^^fone, they are intended & remitted, as our opinion is fixed, 
lent, i'oiidar. morc or iclic. A'. A', dat p£nas faith ^ Crato of Tuch a one utinam non at trahc- 
icenfd. i6. 1 z. y^^. punillied, and is the caiife of it § himfelfc- 
harme catch. jDumfatafugmm^^taJtulttwcurnmus, 
t Geori.u- As much we miy lay of them that are troubled with their fortunes, or ill dc- 
t'lmtnU foUi. fl^^^^s fore.feene, multosangttprafcienth malorumi The fore-knowIcdge of 
citH^dt futH'U what fhall come to pafie, .crucifies many men, fore-told by Aftrologers, or 
mfanebo'i!!!!! Wifards,/>4//s^^ fir'/««?, be it ill accident, or death itfelfe; which often 
t PauflH^'in fads out by Gods permilfion; ^uia damonem timent (^faith t Ch^yfopme) 
Mhaicuitb i. dens ideo per mitt tt accidere. Sev€rm,Adrian.pomitian,c^K\ tefiifie as mucb^ 
wJ^rriTye of whofe feare and {w{^\i\ox\^Sueton^Herodian and the reft of thofe Writers, 
tindignofcm- cell Grange ftories in this behalfe. ^ Montanm cortfil, 3 1» hath one examp^le 
tHtSpecHium of a young man, exceeding melancholy vpon this occafion. Such fcares haue 
fimcJilTm^^ Hill tormented mortallmcn in all ages, by reafon of thofe lying oracIcs,and 
turn: & adcy. jugling Pricftsjf There was a fountaine in GreeceyUcac Ceres Temple in 
x>cJ /I««^c ^^•'^'^jwhere the euent of each difeafes was to bee knov/nc; ^glaj/e was let 
i Exptdit m Si- dovpns by a thred .(^f . Amongft thofe Cyarxan rocks at the fprings of Lycia^ 
rm libAxapi . ^yas the Oracle o^Thrixeus i^poUoj tvhere all for tune 5 vcere foretold^fick- 
ocL^ri^o^* ^^'^^^^j or vphat they would befides: fo common people haue beeneal- 
viw«i///K7,;ro.waies deluded with future euents. At this day, Metus futurorum maxime 
^it'^aJdf^'* ^^^V^'^ Sinas, this foolifh feare, mightily crucifies them in China: as i Mat- 
rHcerm& thevff Riccim the lefuit informeth vs, in his Commentaries of thofe coun- 
Uns mifer fair, tries, of all Nations they are moff fupcrflitious, and much tormented in this 
QrUe!^ ^^^^^j attributing fo much to their Diuinators, vt ipfe metus fidem faciat.^ 
t TmA, did. that feare it fclfe and conceipt, caufe it to ^ fall out; If hec fore-tell ficknefic 
caiapio Ann ^^^^ 3 day .that very time they will be ficke, vi metus afflifli in ^tgritudinent 

pun mile talen- , , - ' . , ^. - r 1 , '* r 

ta,mehodietibi cadunt'^Sc many times dye as it is foretold. A true iaying,T/wor mortis ^morte 
diiurum pro- peior^thc feare of death,is worfe then death it felfe; and the memory of that 
Uibitm. Hei hoLirejto fomc fortunate and rich men,*f as bitter asgaule,Ece/.i^i,i.f /»- 
mihi quce reitn- quiet a nobis vitafacit mortis metu^^^ worfe plague cannot happen to a man, 
quenda p<-^dia, ^[5^^, j-q [5^ {q troubled in his minde.0C^/)&^',A/'<?^4'/><f/»y the tyrant in Lucian 
^ri&c. ' " exdaimes, let me Hue a while longer, t Iwillgiue thee a thou/and talents of 
t AdriAn. gold^ and two boles be fiAes^ which I tooke from Cleocritus, worth loo 
U»d4m lents apeece.woesmee, * faith another, what goodly manners fhall/leaue 
inutiies. What fertile Fields ! what a fine Houfe ! what pretty Children ! how 
iFiav^fecre- uja.7y feruants ! who (h^li gethe r my grapes my cornel mufti now dye fo 
videra'^Agiau fettled ? leaue all Jo richly and well prouided? wds what fhall I doe? 
ros,Ovid Met,t t Animula va^ula blandula^qute nunc abibisin Uca ?To thefc tortures of 
Feare and Sorrow .^md,^ well bee annexed C«>'/<7/?>',that irk feme that tyrann- 
ifing care, nimiafolLicitudo "^fuperfluous induftry about vnprofirable things^ 
and their qualities, Thomus defines it?an itching humor,or a kinde of long- 
ing to t fee that which is not to bee feenc,to doe that whidh ought not to bee 
done? to know that fecret,which fhould not be knowne, to eat of the forbid- 
- den fi:uit: Wee commonly moleft and tire our felues about things vnfit and 
vnnec€frary,asiif4r/^4troubIedhcr fclfe to little purpofe.Beic in Religion 


Par 1. 1 . ^ed:. 2. • Other accidents andgrieuances . Memb.4.Subf,4d 

humanity ,M3gicke,P!iilofophy, policy, any adion or ftudy, \\s a necdleflc 15^ 
iroiiblc,a mecre torment. For what elfe is fchoole Divinity, how many doth 
It pusfle? what fruitlefle queftions about the Trinity jRefurredion, Elei5lion, 
PrcdeftinationjReprobation^hell fire^&chow many fhall be faued^damned? 
What elfe is al fupcrftition^but an.endlefle obfcruation of idle Ceremonies,, 
Traditions? What is mott of our Philofophy^but a Labyrinth of opinions;, 
idle quertions,propofitions,Mctaphyfic3lI tearms; AftroIogy,but vainc ele6t« 
ionSjprediclions^all Magickc,but a troublcfome errotja pernitious foppery, 
Phifick,but intricate rules 8c prefcriptionsj Philology, but vaine Criticifmes5 
Logicke,needle{re Sophifmes; Metaphyficks them:elue5,but intricate fubtel- 
ties,and fruitleffc abftradions? A!cumy,but a bundle ofcirors? To what end \ 
are fiich great Tomes , why doe wee Ipcnd fo many yearcs in their ftudies? 
Much better to knowe nothing atall^as thofc barbarous Indians are wholly 
ignorantjthen as iomc ofvs, to bee fo fore vexed about vnproficable toycs: 
Jlultfis lahor e(l inepttarum^io build an houfe without pinnei ^make a rope of 
fand ^ to what end ? cut bono > Hee ftudies on,but as ihsboy told Auflin^ 
when I haue laued the Sea dry,thou (halt vnder (land ihc myfle'-y of the Tri- 
nity; He makes obfcruations,kecpes times and feafbns^and as * Conradtu the ASath.TatU. 
Emperour would not toiich his new Bride, till an Aftrologer had told him a 
mafculine houre, but with what fticcefTe He trauels into Europe^ ^^frUkey 
^yj;«,fcarcheth euery crcekCjSeajCittyjMountaine, GuIfe,to what end? Sec 
one Promontory(faid Socrates of old)one Mountaine,onc Sea,one Riuer^Sc 
fee all. An Alchymijh fpends his fortunes to make gold ? Arijlotle muft findc 
out the motion of Euripus 5 Pliny muft needs fee Vefuvim , but how fped 
they? One lofeth goods, another his life. Vjrrhm will conquer Africke firft, 
and then Afia'^he will be a (ble Monarch, a fecond immortal), a third rich, a 
fourth commands, t T urhine magnojpes folliciU in vrbibus err Ant 3 we run, ^ j^^^^; 
ridc,take vndefatigablepaines all,vp early, downe late , ftriuing to get that, 
which we had better be without, (Ardelions bufie bodies as we are^ it were 
much fitter for vs to be quiet , fit ftill, and take our ealc. His fblc ftudy is for 
wordsjthat they be ff . Lepid^e lexeis compojlx vt teJfemU omnesy 
not a fy liable mifplaccd , to fet out a ftramineous fubied : as thine is about 
apparelljto follow the fathion , to be terfeand polite , 'cis thy fole bufinefie: 
both with like profit. His only delight is building, he fpends himfelfe to get ^ 
curious intricate models and plots , another is wholly ceremonious about ti^ 
tles,degrees,infcriptions : A third is ouer (bllicitous about his diet , hee re- 
deemcs his appetite with extraordinary charge to his purfe, is feldome plea- 
fed with any mealc,whilefta triviallftoraacke vfeth all with dclight,aad is ne- 
ver offended- Bufie,nice,curious wits , make that vnfupportable in all vocati- 
ons,trades,a(51:ions,cmployments,\vhich to duller apprehenfions is not of. 
fenfiue, earnef^ly fecking that which others as fcornefully negled. Thus 
through our foolifh curiofity doe we macerate our fclues,tirc our fbules^and 
run headlong,through ourindifcrction, per verfe will, and vvantofgouetn- 
menr,into ihany needleflc cares,and troubles, vaine e xpences, tedious iour- 
hies, painfull hourcs , and when all is donz.quorfum h^c ? cut bono .? to whac 
end? t Nefcire velle, qud magifier maximum f Jo(; ScaRget 

Docere non vult^erudtta, infcitin ejl, VnfonuQatg 
Amongfi thefe paffions & irkfome Accidents, vnfortuoatc marriage may mamag?^ 

X u 

Pan:,i.Sea.2. Caujes of Melancholy. Mcmb.4 SiibC4. 

160 be ranked,a condition of life appointed by God himfelfe in Paradife , an ho- 
nourable and happy eftate , and as great a felicity as cm befall a man in this 
1 A vcrtuous world,^ if the parties can agree as they ought, and lii)e as ^ Seneca liu'd with 
aownc li her his ?AuUm'. but if they be vnequally matched, or at difcord, a greater mifery 
husband. Pro. cannot be expcaed^to hauc a fcold,a llut^an harlot^a foole, a fury, or a fiend, 
ia.4. but fhce ^^^^ f^,ch plaguc. Ecclefi6. 14, He that hath her^is ifhee heU t 

n^Lib,i7.cpl[l. Scorp'ion^&26,2^.awkkedwfe makes aforrycouNtcuanc^ heavy hearty 
lof. * \ndhehadrather dmllvpithaLion^thenkeepehctifewithfuchaw/fe. Her 
n ;/ n properties lovianm Pontanm hath defcribed at hx^Q^AntAULTom. 2, vn- 
&c. der the name o{ Euphorbia. Or if they be not equal! in yeares , the Jjke mif, 

chiefe happens. Cecilim in Age]lms lib, i.cap.i^. complaines much of an olde 
\\{^c,dtt'n eivis morti 'tnh 'to^ egomet mortuiis vivo inter vivos , whiliH gape 
after her death,I Hue a dead man amongft the liuingjor if they diflikc vpon a- 
t T)Am\ in Ko- ny occa fion, t ludge they who are vnfortunat ely wed^ 
fammd. What 'tii to come into a loathed bed. 

The fimc inconvenience befills women, 
t chal'mrtisJ-9 f eyQs o duri mtferam lugete parentes^ 

de rei>ub. Angi, ^. y^,^^ ^ /a^ueo Uua hac me exfolvere forte 

Sufiineo: • 

Hard hearted parents bodi lament my fire, 
oEiegamvlfgo Iffclfcrkillor hang,toeafe my ftatc. 

7mflm!b^ oAyoung Gentlewoman in '^4^/, was married,faith Fe/ix Plater, ohfcru&t, 
nu^fit.&c. lib. f »to an ancient mm againft her wilI,whom fhc could not affcd 5 llice was 
^umibi^'"'^"''' ^^"^^""''^'ty melancholy^and pined away for griefe 5 and though her huf- 
wmmn"SSi} ^^^^ did all he could poflibly to giue her content^in a difcontented humour 
».iti fiiii alia at length fhe hanged her felfc. Many other ftories hec relates in this kinde. 
STofwi ^ ^^^"^ plagued with women;, they againe with men, when they arc 

Adcipbl of diuers humours and conditions, he a (pendthrift,fhc fparing ; one honeft, 
^ ^J?^' the other difhoneft &c. Parents many times difquiet their children,and they 
urb/ikslTp.^. tlieir parents, q A foQ/^lh/onne Is an heauinejfe to his mother, Iniufta noversa: 
mqmm diro A ftep-mothcr often vexeth a whole iamily,is matter of repentance,exercife 
mumne c«:{>f of paticnce,fuell of diflentiou; which made C^^/d? V fonne expoftulate with his 
quies , mUa di- iatncr,wny he mould otier to marry his client Sclintm daughter , -a young 
^ud^^^m^v^ wenchjC////;^^ caufa novercam induceret ; what offence had he done, that hee 
fJor'Je^tfa. ^lould marry againe? Vnkinde,vnnaturall fricndSjCuill neighbours, bad fer- 
thjLmof, tan- »^ants,debts and debets; 'twas Chilons fentencc , cowes arU alieni ^ litis ejl 
qumad perpe- m//eriaAniCevw and vfury eoe commonly toeether : furetiHiip is the bane of 
hffi'citcrrapti, many tamnics^Sponaepra/to no^a eft Joe jhall bee fore vexed that is furety for 
{Humfredui^ a flranger^Vrou,! 1. 1 '^.andhe that hateth furetifhip , is furc^. Contention, 
Abrahmm bravvling,Law-fcites,falling out of neighbours and friends, • — difcordia de^ 
oneiiu-n.^L mens ( Virg.fJEn- 6. J are equall to tlie firft, grieue many a man , and vex his 
^Sfn Flee^ce ^^^'-^^^/^^^ miferabtims eorwn mentibus (as ^ Boter holdcs ) nothing fo 
iJitibm & con- tnifcr^Me ds fuch menfitlL of '-.ares^riefes , anxieties , as if they were ftabbed 
trovvfik v[cj,ad y^pith A jloarpc/word/dare^fufpition^ defperation Jorrovo , are their ordinary 
r'!!mZi!i^pti- (companions. Our Welchmen are noted by fome of their ^ owne Writers,to 
mm conten- confume onc another in this kinde; but whofbeuer they are that vfe it , theft 
, . . are their common fy mptomes , efpecially if they bee conuidl or oucrcome, 
Imform!"'^' ' caft in a fuit. Aria^ put out of a Bifhoprick by Eufiathius jiumcd Herctick, 


Part.i.Se6fc.2. Other Accidents and Grei'Vances, Memb.4. Subf^ 

and lined after difconcented all his life. " Every rcpuHe is of like nature.- heu idi 
qnanta de fpe decfdi ! Difgracejiiifamy^dc traction jWill almoil effect as much « ^''p^*^'. 
and that a Idhg time after. ////'/><?)?(2X a Satyricall Poet, fovilifi^^ and lafhed ^^^''*'^'*V 
two painters in hislx^xhicVs^vt ambo iAqueofe fffffocArent-^^ P//;2j'{aith,both ^Ub.i6.ca^.u 
hanged themfelues. All oppofitions^dangers^perplexities, difcontents , to '^J^'^^Zm' 
line in any fLkfpence , are of the fame ranke : potes hoc fub cafu ducere (bmfjosf diu pendere: 
Who can be feciire in fuch cafe^. Ulbeftowed benefits, ingratitude,vnthank- ^j^f^'^'J^If"* 
foil friends much difquiet and moieft fome: Vnkind fpceches trouble as m^- pracL ^emfu^ 
liy i vnciuill carriage or dogged anfwercs^vvcak women aboiie the reft; if they am^quamtrahi" 
proceed from their lurly husbands,are as bitter as gaul, and not to be dige- ^^Zenrirt 
ftcd. A Glafle mans wife in 'Safil became melancholy ^ bccaufe her husband puter.obfma^ 
faidhc would marry againe if fhc died. No cut to vfikwd^effe ^asthcfzying ^^'i* 
is^a frowne,an hard ([^eechjiU refpev^i,or bad looke , efpecially to Courtiers, 
or fuch as attend vpon great Perlonsjis prefent death. 

Ingemum vultu ftat^ cudit^ fuo 5 they cbbe and flow with 

their rtiaders favours. Some peifonsare at their wits ends , if by chance they 
ouer-fhoot themfelues in their ordinary fpeeches , or adions, which may all 
ter turne to their difaduantage or difgracCjOr haue any lecrct difclofed.^^^/^- 
fens epijl.mtfceL7,sQ^^on^ of a Gentlewoman 25 yeares old, that falling fbulc 
with one ot her GofIips,was vpbraided with a fccret infiritiity , ( no matter 
what)in publike,and fo much grieued with it,that (he did therevpon folitU" 
dine s quArere^omnes ah ft ablegate , ac tandem ingrAvipmum intidens me^ 
lancholiam^contabefcerejioii^c all company ,quite moped , and in a melan- 
choly humour pine away. Others are as much tortured to fee thcmielucs rc- 
. iedtedjcontemned/corned^difabledjdiffamed, detraded^ vhdefvalued , or 
a left behinde their fellowes. Lucian brings in L/BtamAcies a Philofopher in ^ . 
his Lapith,convivio,much difcontented that he was not invited amongft the e(i.Hor, 
reft,expol}ulating the mattetjin a long Epiftle with ^rijlinetu^ their Hoft. 
Tr<&textAtu6 a robed Gentleman in Plutarch ^vjouXd not fit downe at a Feaft, 
becaufe he might not fit higheftjbut went his waies all in a chafe. We fee the 
common quarrellings that are ordinary with vs,for taking of the wall, prece- 
dency, and the like, which though toyes in themfelues , and things of no mo- 
ment, vet they caufe many diftempers,much heart-burning amongft vs. No- 
thing pierceth deeper then a contempt or difgrace, ^ efpecially if they be ge- bsctmusnhit 
nerous fpirits/carce any thing affeds ihem more,then to be defpifed or vili- ^^Zii^reT' 
fied. Crato conJil,i6Mb.2,excmpMes it,and common experience confirmcs tmmviri, au& 
it.O^zhc QimenmKC is oppvcir\onfEccles,y,y./urefyoppref ion makes amani^^^'^'^'^^h , 
mad, lofiTe of liberty ,which made 'Brutus venter.his life,C4/^? kill himfelfe,and /"^'i^kie^ 
t TulLy comphme^omnem hilar it At em in perpetaum amiji^ mine heart's bro- iia, 
ken,I fhall neuer looke vp, or be merry agaihe, * hac iaciura intolerabilU , to "^J^^^"!^^^ 
fomc parties 'tis a moft intolerable loffei Banifhment a great mifery, as Tjfr- *EpiflMBrftl 
?^/^/deknbes it in an Epigram of his, ^ fnf^^ 

Nam miferum efi f atria amijf a^laribuf^ vagari 
Mendicum^^timidAvoce rogarec'tbos: 

Omnibus invifuSjquocun^^ acceff rit exul 

Semper eritfimfer (pretus egenf^ tacet^(jrCc 
Amifcrablething 'tisfotowander, ^ 
And like a beggcr for to whine at dore, 

^2 Gontemn'd 

Part.i.Sca.2 , Caufes of ^^elancho/j. }Acmh.4.,SnhLy 

162 Contemn'd of all the wGi ld,an exile is, 

Hatedjieiedcd^necdy ftill,and poore. 
anVhiemlf. j^olynices in his conference with Jocajla 'm ^ Euripides , reckons vp fiue mifc* 
ries ofa banillied man^the leaft of which aIone,were enough to deicd fbme 
pufillanimous creatures. Oftentimes a too great feeling of our owne infirmi- 
ties orimperfedions of body or mindCjWill rivell vs vp^as if we be long fick: 

Ver floret gratijSyabfg^ te memo beitus: 
O blefied health / thou art aboue aUgolddndtreafire^Ecclus^ 30. 1 5 . without 
thee there can be no happinefle: Or vifited with fome loathfome difeafc , ot- 
fenfiue to others,or troiiblefome to our felucs; as a ftinking brcath,deformi- 
ty of our limmcs,crookedne{Ie,Ibjre of an eye,leg,hand,palenefl'e, leannefle, 
rednc0e,baldne{re,lofleor wantofhaire5&c» hicvbifluerec.tpit ^diros icius 
d In laudm ^^^^^ infert , faith ^ Synefius , he himielie troubled not a liah oh coma defe^ 
caivit. <f?««?,the loffe of haire alone,fl;rikes a cruell ftroke to the heart, ^^cco an old 
woman/eeing by chance her face in a true glafle, (for flie vfed falfe flattering 
glaflcs belike at other times,asmof]: Gentlewomen doej animi dolor e inirtz 
faniam deUpfi eJi^{Caiius Rhodigims Itb, i 'jMp. 2 . ) ran mad. ^ BrotheuS the 
c Ov'ici. f bnne of ^^/^^/^^becaufe he was ridiculous for his imperfections , flung hini- 
felfc into the fire. Lak of Corinth nov^ growne old, gaue vp her glafle to Ve* 
\ E Gm, msSoi fhe could not abide to Jooke vpon it. f Qjmlis fum nolo^qmlii erm 
nequeo. Generally to faire nice peeces,oldage and foule linncn are two moft 
odious things^they may not abide a thought of it. 

*nw.%Xir, ' ^odeorum 

37. Quifyui* hu audis^vtinam inter errer^ 

f^ntequamturpis macies decent es 
Occupet malaSytenerxg^faccus 
Bejluat prad^Tjpeciofa qu£ro 


To be foule,vgIy,and deformed,much better be buried aliuc. Some are faire 
but barren, and that gaules them. HannA v^ept fore^ did not eat, and was trou- 
bled in jpirityandallforherbarrennejfe, i,Sam.i,^n^ Gen.^o, RachelCaid^ in 
the Anguish of her (oule^giue me a child^or ifha/i dye: another hath too many, 
one was neuer married,and that's his hell- another is , and that's his plague. 
Some arc troubled in that they are obfcure-,others by being traduced,flande- 
redjabufed, difgraced^vilified^or any way iniured: minime miror eos (as f he 
faidjqui in/knire occipiunt ex iniuria , 1 maruaile not at all if offences make 
men mad. Seuenteene particular caufes of anger and offence ^riftotle rec- 
kons vp^which for brevities fake I mufl; omit. No ty dings troubles one ; ill re- 
ports^rumours^bad tydings or nevvcs^hard hap,ill fuccefre,caf^ in a (iiit,vainc 
hopes,or hope differred another: one is too eminent,another too bafe born, 
f No» m\)t ft 3nd that alone tortures him as much as the reft; one is out of adion,compa- 
cmm imgua^ ny^imployment; another overcome and tormented with worldly cares , and 
Omk^cM onerous bufineflfe. But what ^ tongue can fulfice to fpeakc ofall 1 


percurrere no- Many men catch this malady by eating certaine meats,hearbes, motes, at 
^Ckiiifn "^"^^^^^^5^^ henbane^nightfhade,cicuta,mandrakcs,&c. A company of yong 
c<tp,r Agrigentum in Sicily f.^m^ into a Tauerne, where after they had freely 


Part.i.Sed.z, Other Jccidentsandgneuanus, Mcmb.4.Sub{.7 

taken their liqiior,vvhethcr it were the wine it felfCjOr (bmething mixt with it 
'tis not yet known, t but vpon a didden they began to be fo troubled in their t tnenteex- 
braines,and their phanialie fo era fed ^ that they thought they were in a fliip S'^^/^^S- 
at Sea,and now ready to be caft away by reafon ofa rempelh Wherefore to fiiiutnsputareni 
avoid lliip wrack and prefentdrowning,they flung all the goods in the houfe ^j'"^^ 
out at the windowes into the ftreet,or into the Sea , as they fuppofed 5 Thus kSl'^^^imde 
they continued mad a pretty fcafon, and being brought before the Magifirat naufragwmve' 
to giue an account ofthis their fad^they told himf iK)t yet recouered c3 tlieir dlg'J^^^ 
madneflejthat what was done they did for feare of death, and to avoid emi- omm mvim 
ncnt danger:ihe fped^ators were all amazed at this their ftupidity^and gazed ^fenepisfeu in 
on them ftill^whillt one of the ancienteft of ihe company^in a grauc tone ^^^'JIXpoSc''" 
cu fed himfelfe to the Magiftrate vpon his knees, O TJirt Tritones ego in mo <^cl 
iacftf,! befeech your dicties,&c. for I was in the bottome of theAip all the 
while: another befbught them as fo many Sea Gods^to be good vnto them, 
and if euer he and his fellowes came to Lmd againe, f hee would build an Al- * ^^^^ ^g^-. 
tar to their fervice. The Magiftrate could not fufficiently laugh at this their 
madnefle,6id them flecp it out^ and fo went his vvaics. Many luch accidents tngmm. 
frequently happen, vpon thefe vnknowne occafions. Soine are fo caufi. \ by 
philtets,wandring in the Sun^biting ofa mad dog^a blow on die head^Uing- 
ing with that kinde of Spider called TnrmtttL% an ordinary thinE^, if v/e may 
hdctut SkemkMb.-jJe J^enem^n CalahrU and ^puliain Italy^CArdan/uh- 
tiLliy,$,ScitUgerexercitAt.i%'^, Their fymptomcs are merrily dcfcribed by 
lovinnus Pojjtams K^ntAid, how they dance altogether , and are cured by 
Mufick.8CWj«fpeakcsofccrteine flones, if they bee carried about one, h^^^^X* 
which will caufe melancholy and madnefle, he calls them vnhappy, as an A- inf^ucm & ui. 
^AmAnt^Selemtes^^c.vohkh dry vp the hody^increafe cares , dMmfh fleece: fi^^ redcknt, 
Ctejias in Per[tcis,m^kts mention of a Well in thofe parts , of which ih^y ''cl^ui^%cmt, 
man drinke,^<? is mad for i^houres, Somz loofe their wits by terrible obie^ls fomn'wm[mmH' 
(as clfe where I haue more t copioufly dilated)and life it felfe many times, as l^^'^unumdkm 
Hippolitiis affrighted by Neptunes Sea-horfes , ^thamits by lumes Furies, mate ai'matiis. 
but thefe relations are common in all Writers. ^Part.x.sea.z 
^ Hie alias poteram^^^ pluresfubneBerecaufa'Sy k^tven'sm^ 
Sed iumenta vocant^clr Soimdinat^eundum tB^ 1 \mm befliie ^' 

Many fiich caufes,much more could I fay, f""*^* *"^'ff 

But that for prouendcr my cattle ftay: mimi^m"^' 
The Sun declines, and I mufl needs away^ gr''«^ oxi- 

Thefe caufes,if they be confidcrcd,& come alone, I doe eafiiy yeeld, can doe Iml^^finnf, 
little of thcmfelues, feldomc , or apart, ( an 6ld okc is not felled at a blowc^ 
though many times they are all fufficient every one ; yet if they concurre, as ^'^''^'^ 
often they doc^vis vmta fortiofy Et qu<t rion ohfunt finguUymulta nocent-^ luttl^uvte^ 
they may better a flrong confHtution; as ^ AuHtn {sLid^wany graines andfmal & tamn m- 
fands finke a ^ip ^many/mail drops muke a pod,(^c. often reiterated 5 many 

difpofitions produce an habit, tinhndatrgo ' 


Y M ^^^^ ^^'^ 


Part-i-Sed.!. Caufes of Melancholy, Memb.5. Subf i« 


M E M B. 5. 
S V E S B C T, I. 

Continent ^invpArd Antecedent, ne3ct uufes^andhm 
the body workes on the mtndtL^. 

S a Purly hunter , I haue hitherto beaten about the circuit of the 
Forreft of this Microcofme , and followed Onely ihofe out* 
ward aduencitious caufes* I will now break into the inner roomes, 
and rip vp the antecedent irhmediate caufes which are there to 
be found. For as the diftradion of the minde , amongft other outward cau' 
fes and perturbations,alters the temperature of the body , fo the diftradlion 
and didemper of the Body will caufe a difkmperaturc of the Soule , and 'tis 
hard to decide which ofthefetwo doe more harme to the other. Plato , Cy* 
prian^nd fomc others , as I hauc formerly faid , lay the greateft fault on the 
Soule excufing the Body; others againe accufing the Body^cxcufe the foulc, 
m Momfequi- asa principall agent. Their rcafons are^ becaufe ^ the manners doefiliorv the 
tu( temper atit. temperature of the bodyjsis Galen proues in his bookc of that fubie<5t , Proper 
ram mprU. Q^i^^ff^ de Atra bile^Iafon Pratenfis cap.de Mania^ Lemnim lib,/^.c<ip. i6.Sc 
tnany others. And that which Gnalter hath commented horn, 10. m epift. lo. 
hannis is molfl truc^concupifcence and original! finne, inclinations , and bad 
ti sdmitx latet humours are " radicall in every one of vs, caufing thefc perturbations^affedi- 
w cofporibM. ons^and feverall diftempers , offering many times violence vnto the Soule. 

Euery /nan is tempted by his orvne concupifcence{Iames i,i^,)the Jpirit is voiU 
ting.but theflejh is rveake,and rebelleth againfi the Jpirit , as our ^ ^poft/e tea-, 
o Gali. chethvs: that me thinkes the Soule hath the better plea againft the body, 
which fo forcibly inclines vs^that we cannot rcfift, Nec nos obniti contra, nee 
tender etantum Suftcimus, Hov/ the body- being materjall , vvorketh vpon 
smt e mi immateriall foulc5by mediation of humours and fpirits, which participat 
111 affe^Mm of both^and ill difpofed organs, Cornelius ^grippa hajch difcourfed lib. i. de 
torfui laguefcit: occult.Phi/of,cap,6^.6^.6$Xeuinus Lemnim lib.i.de occult, nat. mir.cap. 12. 
vml'l&my!' & I i.infiitut.adopt.vit. Perkins lib.i. Cafes ofconfcap. 12. r. Bright 
borum pierifi cap. to. 1 1, 12. in his Treatifeef LMelanchotj/. Vot^^? a.ngtx^{Q^TC^(oxio\^^oh' 
mctatibMyam. tredation,cmulation,&c. fi mentis intimos receffus occuparint , faith <1 Lem- 
hebetArifiaU' mus^corpori quo^^ fnfe/ta jmt^ & mi tetermos morbos tnjerunt , cauie grie- 
vous dii^afesintheBody , fo bodily difeafes aifed the Soule by confent. 
? ^tlrl'wTlMe Now the chiefeft caufes proceed from the Heart, humours, fpirits : as they 
wor^i an'mam are purer, or impurer, fb is the Minde , and equally fuffcrs, as a Lute out of 
^leeT^m^cS '"^^^'^ ftring,or one organ be diftempered,all the reft mifcarry , ^Corpus 
fimut!^quan' onuHum Hejiernis vitijs ^animum quo^pragrauat vnk. The Body is domici" 
quam obUBa /y^^ anim£^hQV hou(e,abode and ftay, and as a torch , giues a better light,3 
ItwbHimoti fvveeter fmell , according to the matter it is made of: f b doth our Soule per- 
forme all her a6lions,better or worfe,as her organs aire difpofed 5 or as wind 
^mTnc'rieet ^"^"'^^ ^^^^ where it is kcpt; thc Soulc rcccaues a Tindure from the 
bumribu!, fpi- Body,through which it workes. We fee this in old men, children , Europe^ 
ritibufq^confh ans^ Afians^hot & cold Climes; Sanguine are merry , Melancholy fad,Phleg# 
■f H<v ^' maticke dull,by rcafon ofabuadance of thole humours , and they cannot re- 
' . r^- . GA 

Part. I Jed. 2, "Particular farts, Memb.;^ 

fift fuch pafTions which are inflided by them.For in this infirmity of humane 16^ 
hature5as MeUncihon declares, the Vnderllinding is fo tied to, and captiua^ 
ted by his infcriour fenfes , that without their helpe hce cannot exercife his 
fundions,and the Will being vveakned^hath but afinall po\\er to reftraine 
thofe outward parts,but fuffers her Iclfe to be ouerruled by them; that I muft 
needs conclude wkh Lem;7iu6^JJ^ir/tus c!r humores rnxximttm nocumentttm 
ohtinent ^^\\\x.s and humours doe moft harme in ^ troubhng the Soule.Hovv . 
fhould a man choofe but be cholericke & angry , that hath his body fo clog- vimntem ob^ 
ged with abundance of grolle humours ? or melancholy, that is fo inwardly «aW<i««. 
difpoled ? That thence comes then this malady, Madnefle, Apoplexies, Le- 
thargieSj&c.it may not be denied. 

Now this Body of ours is moft part diftempcrcd by fbme precedent dif- 
eafes, which moleft his inward organs and inftruments,and fo j^er conjequens 
caufe melancholy ,according to the confent of the moft approued Phyfitians. 
t This humot4r( as dvicennx Uh.'^.FenA. Tra^.<:[.cap,iS, Arj^oldu6 breviar. I. \ ^'^ l^umorvel 
l.cap. i^Mcchifiiii comment, in 9. Rlhijis cap. I'^. Ui'tontaltm cap. 10. Nicho- pf,'ie^ge"cmur, 
las Pifo cap.de Melan.^c. fiippolej/^ begotten by the diflemperature offom^ vtinWnqmut 
inrvardpart^inrnte^or left after fome infammation , or el^e included in the^ ^"^ mpmauQ* 
blood after ague, or fome other malignant difeafe. This opinion of theirs i, lem coLiu- 
concurres with that o^GalenJib.s;. cap. 6. de Iqcis ajfecl. G uianerius giues an (^^^^^ torpids 
inftance in one fo caufed by a quartan ague,& Montanm eonjil. 32. in a yong iitaif^l^J"^T 
man of 28 yearcs of age,fo diftempered after a quartan, which had molefted bit. 
him fiue y eares together. Hildijheimjpcel. i.de Mania , relates of'a Dutch j" g 
Baron,grievoufly tormented with melancholy after a long ^ ague, Galen,lfb, Meimchoikum, 
de atra bile cap.4.pu:s the plague a caufe. Botaldus in his booke de lue vencr. P^f fibnm 
cap.i.ihc Frenchipox fora caule: others,Phrenfie,Epilepfie, Apoplexie, be- Zfrbum'^^'^'" 
caufe thofe difeafes doe often degenerate into r!\is. Of fiipprellion of Hcem- Caiidaiiempe^ 
rods,Ha2niorrogia,or bleeding at nofe , mendruous retentions, ( although r'jes'naaca.'veid 
they defcrue a larger explication,as being the fc^Ie caufe of a proper kinde o[ xVm'^quhdiii' 
melancholy jiji more ancient Maids,Nunnes and VViddowes, handled apart t^^f'^ ^mbo la- 
by Rodericus a Caflro^and Mercatus,^s I haue elfewherc fignified, ) or any o- 
ther evacuation flopped, I haue already fpoken. Onely this I will adde, that Mmuriaiu de 
this Melancholy which fhall be caufed by fuch infirmities , deferues to be pit- ^S'^^^- "/^''^^ ^« 
tied of all men,and to be refpedled with a more tender companion , accor- 
ding to Laitrentius^ns comming from a more ineuitable caufe. 


Diflemperature of particular parts, caufe s. ^"f^^ * 

J i r ' i rniverfatiter k 

quacunq^ parte 

Here isalmofinopartofthe Body, which being dif^cmpered, ^'o/e/^)Je»'iOT2- 
doth not caufe this malady ,as the Braine and his parts. Heart, Li- ^'^^'j">^["^- . , 
vcr,SpIeene, Stomacke, Matrix or Wombe, Pylorus, Mirache, tur.vei qui* 
Mefcntery,Hypocondries, Meferaick veines, and in a word,faith ^^P*^'^ /«• 
y Arculantts^there is no pxrt which caufeth not melancholy^ either becaufe it li ^if^*^^^^ 
adu(l^or doth not ex^ellthefuperfluity of the nutriment. SavanaroU Pr^r?, r.i iKw^iftj- 
maior. rubric. XI X raci.S.cap.i. is of the ftme opinion, that melancholy is in- 
gendred in each particular part , and ^ Crato in conjil. 17. lib, 2, Cordonif^, rUw, ' ^' 


Part.i , $ca.x. Caufes of Melancholy. Memb-s-SubfiJ 

1 66 who is mfiar omnium J,ih. me d, purtic. 2. ca^. 19, confirmes as much, putting 
a M«m4 Af*- the 3 matter of CVte/mcholjfJbmetimes in the flomacke^Liver^Heart^raift^ 
quandotn^cere ^P^^"^> OVt&ach,HypocondrieSyVphen as the melancholy humour rejldt s there^ 
bre, aluiuando ^'^^ Ltver is not well cleanjedfrom CM eUncholy blood, 
incorde , in [lo- The Biaiiie IS a familiar and trcqiient caufe,too hotter too cold,^ through 
abfyptZT'u ^^^^^ ^^^^^ caufed, as Mercuridu will haiie it , voithin or without the head^ 
myrache,{pier>el the brainc it fclte being ciiftemp-ired. Thofe are moftaptto thisdifeafe, 
fg'^P ^^^'^^ ^^^^ * And moifi BrAine;^\\\&i MontAltm cAp. i r. de MeUnc, 

lanehoiim. ' ^pproties out of Halyahbos^Rhafis^^Vid ^ vicenna' Mercurialis confil. 1 1 • af^ 
b £x langum figncs thc coldncfle of the Braine a caiilc , and Salujiim SalvtAnus medjecl. 
vtuxtral7put ^^^'"^'^^P*^' ^vlll hauc It ^ Avife from a cold & dry difiemperature oj the braine. 
c caiidum Pifo^Benedi^t£4 Vioiorim Faventtnus , will haiic it proceed from a ^ hot dif. 
Hril^^humid"^' ^^^F^^^^^*^^ °f^^^ Braine ; and ^ U\^lontaltm cap. 10. from thc Braines beat, 
faciitmekncho- ^o^ching the blood. Thc Brainc is ftill diftempered by him(elfe, or by con- 
lid. fent.- by himfelfe or his proper afifedlion, as Faventinm calls it , %or by va- 

^a^hoiam7a P^**^^ ^^ich arife from the other parts ^and fume vp into the head^ altering the 
immoericm Animal faculties, 

fniidam & H/ldefheim jpicel. i.de C^lan/a^ thinks it may be caufed from a ^ dijlempe- 
camtpjm csre- ^^^^^yg of the heart jometimes hotfometimes cold A hoc Liner , and a cold 
cs<epeftexca. Stomackjarcputfor vfuallcaufesofMelancho!y:/l^^m/r/W/if <ri?/2///. 11. 
mZportl^- ^^^T^/.^.^^'^/AS^.aflfignes a hot Liner, and cold Stomacke for ordinary cau- 
ligentemekn- ^cs. ^ M onavim in an Epiftle of his to Crato in $coltzitts , is of opinion, that 
thoiiam,Viffi.^ Hypocondriacall Melancholy may proceed from a cold Liucr , the queflion 
ttfedllem"!vd difcuflcd. Moft agree that a hot Liver is in fault, ^ ffjg Uuer is the fhop 

per canrenfuitty ofhumours^and ejpecially caufeth melancholy by his hot ^ dry difiemperature, 
Ummmt' ^ '^^^ stomacke, and Meferatck^veines doe often concur re ^ by reafon of their 
b(m.^Unta.U. ohfifu£iions.^andthence their heat cannot he Avoideci^ ^ many times the mat- 
"P'^^'... . . ^f^ aduH, And inflAmed in thefe parts\ that it degenerates into Bypocon- 
fj'^mimhlt^^^^ G^^^rteriuscap.i.Traa,!'^, holds the Meferaicke vcines 

tiujumiii,mt to be a fufficient ^ caufe alone. The Splene concurres to this malady , by all 
their confents,andfuppreflion of Ha?mrods,^ expurgat altera caufi 

males faculiates 

lien faith Mont alt m , if it be " too cold and dry , and doe not purge the other 
\M mmpe. parts as It ought.Confil.il. iMontantfs pursthe^ filenc^Jloppedfov a great 
Zidi^e^r^' ^ Chrip^herus i rega reports of his knowledge , that he hath knownc 
frigidiofi Melancholy caufed from purrified blood in thofe Seed veines and wombe: 
S?fl/f **'*^* ^ ^cuUnm from that menflruOus blood turned into melancholy ^and feedtoa 
ko#L hit' ^^"^ detainedfas I haue already declared;^/ putrefaclion or adu/ion, 
mmmheptf The Mefenteriumpt Mxdn^z.DiaphrAgma^ is a caufe ^which the ^ Greeks 
TZtM^'it becaufe by his inflam nation , the mindc is much troubled with 

vcntmiferaKt convulfions and dotage. All rhefs,moft part,o!fend by iriflammation,corrup- 

^^'^^ humours and fpirits.iti this non-naturall melancholy.- for from thefe arc 
ZlfuZfmt, ing^ndred fuliginous and black fpirits. And for that reafon ^ Mont aUhs cap 
fStc. . ^^''^'^cAufismelAn.m\\\\mzthe efficient cAufeof-meUncholy to be hot and dry 
ImtrnZ!"'^ " ''^^ dtjlemperature^asfome hold.jrom the heat of the braine, ro\ 

nUenfngidHi&!JccHiCi?.i^. oSokn oblnichu ^ ane med.Bi.CAPM' <{ ^f'tniHinUmrediachvaCiiCemmr^ 
&vtero^ptnd^q, zJ:mit,imretenU.v^^ «,,,j2,«a meUnchoHmverr^ i^er pumfaahnem , ve Mienem 

t M tvfus. f Er^o efi:^en^c t^f^^'MoU^ ./I ca'.idt t> ftc^aintmpe iei, non fr'^glda & ftcci r^n^i mulu omna:ifknL «Lr 


Part. I . Sc^.z* Caufes ofheiid<;Mdancholy . Memb.5 .Subf,3i 

Jlfn^ the bloodJfnrsioderAte hut of the Liver undboveels , An A inflAmAtion of i Sj 
thePylorm, And fo much the rather^becaufi that^as Galen holds ^ all Juices 
fame the blood jGlitArincffe ^aking^agues .ftady ^meditation , all vphich heat: 
and therefore he concludes that this diftemperaiure caufng adventitious Me- 
lancholy ,ii not cold and dry ^ hut hot and dry, Buc of this I haue fufiiciently 
treated iiithe marierof Melancholy, and hold tliat this maybe true in non- 
natiirall Melancholy jVvhichproducethmadnefle , but not in thatnaturall, 
which is more cold , and being immoderate , produceth a gentle dotage, 

'Which opinion GeraUu4 de Solo maintaincs in his Comment vponif/?4)?j. icap.i^Je 
« ^ Mtimb, 

S V B S H C T. 3. 

Caufes of head CM elancholy, 

Fter a tedious difcourleofthe general! caufes of Melancholy , I 
am now returned at iaft to treat in briefe of the three particular 
fpeeies^and fuch caufes as properly appertaine vnto them. Al- 
^ though thele caufes promifcuoufly concurre to each and every 
particular kindej and commonly produce their effects in that pare which is 
moft weake^ili difpofed^and leaft able to rcfiftjand fo caufe all three fpecies^ 
yet many of them are proper to fome one kinde , and feldomc found in the 
reft. As for exwiniplc^head Melancholy is commonly caufed by a cold or hot 
diftem perature of the BrainCjaccording to Laurentim c^p.^Je melan, but as 
t Hercules de Saxonia contends,from that agitation or dirtemperature of the ^ ^-^ 3.7 r^^, 
animal fpirits alone. Salujl,Salvianm before mentioned lib, i.^cap, i. ^e r.e^ psflhumje mU 
med. will haue it proceed from cold : but that I take of naturall melancholy, JJ^^^fy^'^cc- 
fuch as are fboles and dote^ for as^alen writes lib.4..de pulfS.^nd Avicenna^ yeki jrigiditas, 
u a cold andmoifi 'Braine is an vnfeparable companion af folly, Biit this aduen- « w- 
titious melancholy which is here md^nt^is caufed ofan hot and dry diftem- ^yj^^l/igg 
pci[2Ln\rc j^s^ Damafcenthe Arabiamik^.cap,!!. thinkes, and moft writers, innate exurensi 
^Itomarm and Pifo call '\x."i an innate burning vntemperatneffe ^ turning flj^^^^ bilsmac 
hlooA andchoier into melancholy. Both thefe opinions may fiand good , as mlfincMim 
!5r«<?/maintaines,3nd Capivacciusji cerebrum Jit calid/f^ , ^ ifthebraine be convenens. 
hot, the an/mall fbirits rvill be hot jindtheme comes madne(Je\ ifcold/olly,DA- ^^^f^''"^ 
*vidCrujtus Theat.morb.nermet.ltb,2,cap.6.deatrabue , grants meJancnoly ^khm animal 
to be a difeafe ofan inflamed braine^but cold notwithftanding of it felfe : ca- i^cMior, & 
lida per accidem^frigida per fe , hot by accident onely : I am of Capivaccim cum^^frfot^i^] 
mindc for my part. Now this humour,according to SahianffS ^ is fbmetimc fietfaiuttas. 
in the fubftancc of the Braine,fometimes contained in the Membranes , and ^f^J^^l^^^ 
Tunicles that couer the Braine , fometimes in the pafTages of the Ventricles lt]fphu"e/m 
of the Br3ine,dr veines of thofe Ventricles. It f ollowes many times ^ phren- longam mo- 
(iejong dife.ifes, agues Jong abode in hot places ^or vnd^ the Sunne^ a blorve on ^^cuimemh 
the hcad^2i% Rhafis informeth vs; P/fiaddcs folitarinefIe,waking5inflammati- capitej:apAi. 
ons of the head^procceding moft part ^ from much vfe of fpices ^ hot wines, ^'^^ . ^ ,\ , 
hot meatsjall which Mont anus reckons vp conflUziSon aMelancholy Iewj& \f^i^{^a& 
Beurnim repeats cxp. r i,de M ania^ox. bathes,Garlicke; Onions , faith Guia.- fepe funt fab foU 
fierim^had ayrc,corrupt,much<=waking,&c.retcntion of feed or abundance, ^ ^"f'^f^ijJf 
flopping oihxmorrogia.thQ Midriffe milaffeCled 5 and according to Trallia- mmtmvfm, 

Y ntH 

ParUl.Sc^a.i, Caujes of Melancholy. Mcmb.5 -Siibf 4. 

1^8 fttis /.I. I (^.immoderate carcs,troubIc5,griefcs, difcontentj Hudy, meditation, 
d A caMtetio & ^^d in a word,the abiife of all thofc 6 non-narurall things. Hercules de Saxo^ 
^ereexftceatf. „^^ c4p.i6Mki.wi\\ hauc it caufed from a cautery ,or boyle drycd vp, or any 

ifluc. '^mxtm LufttAnta cent, incurs 6y, giues inftance in a fellow that had a 
e Ah vkere cu- boy Ic in his arme, c afier that rvas heded^ran mad^ and vohtn the wound rvas 
uto imda in openjj: vpaf cured againe, T rtncitveUm confiL 1 3.//^. i . hath an example of a 
'*'vdfm'TItur i^ie^^'"choly man fo caufed by oiiermiich continuance in the Sunne/requent 
h'^u^XH vfc of Venery ,and immodewte exercife; And in his eonjt/. 49.//^.3. from an 
M'fiOd. f headpecce ouerheatcd , which caufed head-melancholy. Pro/per Ca/emus 

brings in Cardinal! C^/^ for a patterne of fuch as arc fo melancholy by 

long (ludy; but examples are infinite. 

S V B S E C 1.4. 

Caufes of HypocoudrUcaJl or windie Melancholy » 

N repeating of thcfecaufcs, I muft cramhem hucoclamapponere^ 
fay that againc which I haue formerly (aid , in applying them to 
their proper Species. Hypocondnacall or flatuous Melancholy, is 
that which the Arabians call MyrachUU , and is in my iiidgcment 
the moft grieuous and frcquent,though "Brueland Laurenttm make it Icaft 
dangcrous,and not fo hard to be knowne or cured. His caufes are inward or 
outward. Inward from divers parts or organs,as Mi Jriffe, Splene^Stomack, 
Liver,PyIorus,Wombc,Diaphragma,!VIcferaick veines,ftopping of Iflucs, 
g nxurkurr^. tazMontaltui cap. 1 5. out o{Gden recites % heat and oh fir ion of thofe me- 
^^ruwMr, fiy^fcke veines^oi an immediate caufejoy which meanes the faff age of theChy- 
qwbM obftruSiis lus to the Liuer is detained^Jlopped or corrupted^ and turned into rumbling djr 
%vtSiltlii Montanus conjil, 2 3 ^, hath an evident demonllration , Trincavelius 
cuuwrumpi- another,//^. i.ff<?/>.i2.and Plater n third^iob/eruat. lib, i. for a Dodour of the 
turortn ^wg*- Lawvifitedwith this infirmity , from the faid obftrudion and heat of thefc 
nertitw, ^ Mcferaick veincSjand bowels; quoniam inter ventriculum iecur vena ef- 
fervefeunt^thQ veines are inflamed about the Liver and Stomacke. Some- 
times thofe other parts arc together mifaffeded; and concurreto thepro- 
dudion of this malady.* A hot liuer and cold rtomacke or cold bellv ; lookc 
for inftances in Holler im^Vf^orfTrincauelius, con hi. 3 5 Jib, 3 . Hildefhem Spi- 
cel,2.fi)l,iii.Solenander tonfiL^.proctHe Lugaunenp ^ Aiontams confil,22^, 
for the Earle of Monfort in Germany i 49. and Frifimelica in the 2 3 3 con. 
(iiltation of the (aid MontanusJ.dtfar Claudmus giues inftance of a cold Ho- 
macke and ouerhot liuer,aimort in eucry conlult irion,ffo^8 9. for a ccrtaine 
Count: and conf, 1 06 Sox a Polontan Baron, by reafon of heat the Mood is in- 
fl3med,and groflfe vapours fent to the Heart and Braine. Mercurralu fub- 
h ttmkAit U' fcribes to them f ^^^S^.'^ the flomacke being mifaffeBed , which he J calls the 
king of the bcl!y,becaufe ifhe be diftempered, all the relt lufFcr with him , as 
ft(ic{Hi mtitta. being dcpriued of their nutriment , or fed with bad nourifhmcnt , by meancs 
*t4ib^'^ which,come crudities,obftrudions,winde,rumbling,griping,&c. Hercu- 

les de Saxonia befides heat , will haue the weaknefle of the liucr and his ob- 
ftrudion a ca,wCc facultatem debilem gecinor is, which he i calls the minerall of 
melancholy. Lnurentins afligncs this reafon , becaufc the liuer ouer-hot 


part. I . Se<^»^ • Other Accidents and Greivances, Memb.4. Subfj 

drawcs the meat vndigefted out of the ftomacke , and burneth the humours, 1 6^ 
MoHtanm corf, 7^ .proucs that fon:ietinies a cold liuer may be a caufe. Lm* 
rentim cap, 1 2 , Trimavelit^ lib, 1 1 . confd, and Guxlter Bruel feemes to lay 
the greateft fault vpon the Splene, that doth not his duty in purging the Li- 
ver as he ought , being too great or too little , in drawing too much blood 
lomecimes to it^and not expelling it, as P.CnemUn^rm in a confultation of ^ ^'^^I^^'^i 
his nozcd ^tumorem Ik/iuJ^c names it^and the fountaine of inelanchoIy.X) /c?- 
cles fuppofed the ground of this kinde of Melancholy , to proceed from the 
inilammation of the P//(?r/z^,which is the neather mouth of the Ventricle, O- 
thers affigne the Mefentenum or Midriffe diftempercd by heat , the wombe 
milaffccled ■ flopping of Hemrods, with many fuch. All which Lanrentim 
cap. 1 2.reduceth to three3MefenteryjLiuer,and Spleene, from whence he de- 
nominates Hcpaiicke,SpIeniticke,andMeleriacke Melancholy. 

Outward caufes^are bad diet^care^griefes , dilbontents, and in a word all 
thoft? (ix non-naturall things^as MontAnm found by his experience , conjil, 
2^-^,Sclenander conjil.^Sor: a Citizen of Lyons in France giues his reader to 
vnderiiandjthat he knewe this mi(chie(e procured by a medicine of Cantha- 
rideSjWhich an vnskilfull Phyfitian minillred his patient to drinke advene- 
rem excitan^am. But moft commonly feare , griefc , and fome fudden com- 
motion, or perturbation of the minde bcginrie it,in fuch bodies cfpecially as 
are ill difpofed. Melancihon.tr a5i. i/^.cap.2,de anima , will haue it as commo 
to men,as the mother to women^^ vpon fome grieuous trouble, diflike, pafTi- 
on,or difcontent. For as Cameraritis records in his life, MeUnhhon himfelfe 
was much troubled with it,& therefore could fpeake out of experience Mon- * ^"^''j'^^'* 
tanus conjil. 22. pro deltrante lud^o , conhrmes it,^ grieuous fymptomes mataquAmpe^ 
minde broughi him to ir. Randoletim relates of himfelfe, that being one day ^^^^^ coacoiih* 
very intent to write oata Phyfitians notes,moIefted by an oddeoccaGon, he T'^atifma 
fell into an hypocondriacall fit , to avoid which hee drankc tj^e decodion of f^orbM cum fy, 
wormcwood,and was freed. MeknBhon ( being the difeafe isfo irouhle- '-l^ ^"^'^ . 
feme and frequent) holds it amofl necejfary and profitable Jludyfor every man '"m[^nl£lre, 
to know i the accidents of tt^anda dangerous thing to be ignorant , and would ^^'^ ^'"^ pericu* 
therefore haue all men,in fome fort to vnderfland the caufes/ymptomes^and j^J^S l^o^. 
cures ofir, rmilm, 

S V B s E c T. 5, 

Caufe s of Melancholy from the whole Body, 

, , T\lecaf upturn , 

S before,the caufeofthis kind of Melancholy is inward or out- ge^ermdHm 
ward. Inward , ^ when the liver is apt to ingendcr fuel an hu- '^i^nZrai. 
mour^or the Jplene weake by nature and not able to dtfcharge his beciUior-piJo, ' 
office. A melancholy temperature , retention of Hsemrods, "^^^^f^^^ 
monthly iffucSjbleeding at nofc , long diteafes , agues , and all Tmmhoil' 
thofe fix non-naturall things increafe it. But efpecially o baddc diet , as Pifo ^^^f j?f « re- 
thinke$,pulfe/alt meat,fhell-filli,cheefe,blacke wine, &:c. C^tercurialis out tSl^to' 
o^^verroes and Avicenna condemnes all hearbs ; Galen l,^,de locaffe^. corpore,vi£ils 
a/>.7.efpecially Cabbage. So likewifefearCjfortow, difcontencSj Sec, but of ''"i"''^** 
thcfc before. And thus in briefe you haue had the generall and particular cau- ZIZ 
fes of Melancholy, Y 2 Now 

Part, i.Sedl.5 • Caufes ofJMelancho/j. Mcmb. iSuhLy 

170 Now goe and bragge of thy prefent happinefle, whofoeuer thou art^brag 
of thy temperature,of thy good partSjinfultjCriumph, and boaii 3 thou fceft in 
what a brittle Aate thou art , how foone thou maift be deiecled , how many 
fcverall waies^by bad diet,bad ayre^a fmall lofTCja little forrow or di/contentj 
anague,&c.howmany Hidden accidents may procure thy ruine , what a 
fmall tenure of happinefle thou haft in this life , how weake and filly a crea- 
ture thou art- H umhle thy felfe therefore vnder the mighty hand of God, ijPet, 
5.^.knowe thy feIfe,acknowledge thy prefcnr mifery , and make right v/e of 
it. Qui flat vide At ne cndat. Thou doft now f]ouriili5& haft bom animi ^ cor^ 
fforiSj^^ fortum^opods of body^minde, and fortune , nefcis quidfermfecum 
vej^erfcrat ^ thou knowft not whatftormes and tempefts the late evening 
p Aufonm. may bring with it . B e not fecure then, hefober and watch , P fortunam r eve- 
renter habe ^ if fortunate and rich: ifficke and poore^modcrate thy (c lfe, I 
haue faid. * 

SECT. 3. 


^ ^ Symptomes , or fgnes of Melancholy in the'Body 

nivetfaliay par- • r. n 

ticuiaria,qu<eda ^^^j^ Ymptomes are either q vniuerfall or particular, faith Gordo^- 
mnifepy qiM- ^(^A, u^JibMed.eap.i^^part.z. to perfbns.to (DCcicsSome (iqnesare 
qn^dam incogi- jecretjome manijeftjome in the Body Jorne in the minde^ and 

tatione & am- ^^^mj^j divcrfy vary ^according to the inward or outward caufes , Ca- 
fiZquZ^ «lm^f^^^^^^'^:orfrom to lovianm Pontams, 

abhumorihM de rei?.c(elejtMkio.cap.i^,andcdcitminh^^^^ from the humours di- 

T ""^v^iUi- ^^^^^ mixt,F/V//?«j lib, i.cap,^.defa»it. tuendk: as they are hot^cold^naturall, 
^fft!&cl vnnaturall, intended or remitted , fo will ^t^tius haue meUncholica deltria 
vlverjaphav' mtiltiforrnta ^ diverfity of melancholy {ignes. Laurentius afcribes them to 

'^ffl'lZl^^'^^^'^^^^^^'^^^^^^ natures, inclinations, continuance of 

txmntemmn«: time,as they arc (imple or mixt with other difcafes , as the caufes are diverfe, 
r UbA. de riftt. fo muft the fignes be,aImoft infinite, ^Itomarus cap. j. art. me d. And as w ine 
^MLefum prociuceth diuerfeeffeds, or that hcarbe r(?r/^co//.f in ^ Laurentius ^ which 
aihrudant,aiii makes fome laugh Jome wee^e Jorne fleepejome dance Jome fmg.fome howie, 
bZTrSm ^rinke^-c. So doth this our melancholy humour,worketeuerall fignes 
rrfit, to, frJ-ii^ieuerall parties. 

tttuntydormium. But to confine them,thefe generall Symptomcs may bee reduced to thofe 
fTiright. c.io "^^^ Thofe vfuall fignes appearing in the Bodies of 

t Nigrefcit hie fuch as are melancholy be thefe,cold and dry, or they are hot and dry as the 

d'ZerfS' ^""^^""^ ^""^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^ ^^^^^ ^"^^^"es arife many other 

fecond^as that oft colour,blacke,fwarty, pale, ruddy, &c. fome are ifnpe;tfe 
(upetfregi fra • rubri^2i% ^Aontaltus cap.16. ohkmzs out of GalenMb.-^. de locU affeclis^stvj 
ausMeianeLe j.^ j j j^igh coloured. Hippocrates in his booke " de Infania meUn, rec 
u imvpm F. kons vp thefe fignes,that they are leane, withered, hohw-eyed looke oldest 

Calvo. ' 

X Oculi his excavantuf,venu gigmnlHrcmm pracordk & acidi ru5iM,ficcl fere ventres Ve^Uto. mm mium rmni puftl- 

ti,fommterribilia&interrupta, * >« r j 


Parc.i.Se6l.2. Other Jccidentsandgrieuances, Memb,4.Subf.7 

rvriffk/ed^harfh, much troubled withrvtnde^ And a griping tn their beUies^ or 171 
helly-ake^belch often^dry bellies andhard^deieBed lookes , flaggy beards tfing- i ^irg,/E?:, 
ing efthe eAres^vertigoJtght headed^little or no (leepe.^ that interrupt^ ter- "^aSTuaMia^ 
rihle A»dfearefuUdreamesA Anna foror^qu^t mefuj^enfAm ir/fomma ter rent? nes^iKedbum 
The fame Sympcomes arcrepeated by AteUnelim in his booke of Melan- /'i,^ 
choly,colle6ied out of Galen^RuffuSyi/Etim^^ RhAfis^Gordonius^ & ail the 7oyeml^fin^i' 
luniors^y coutimall,fharpe^A?fdfli»kmg beUhingSyOsiftheirmeat in their flo' i^iiei^geJiMmfit 
macke voere putrified.or that they had eaten flfhjdry bellies, abfurd and inter- ^^f^^"' 
rupt dr eames^and many phantafiicallvtfions about their eycs^vertiginous^apt Fentm blfce a-' 
to tremble ^and prone to f^enery^ * Some adde palpitation of the heart , coid ''dhfemm pie* 
fvveat,as viiiall SympromeSjand a leaping in many parts of the body yfaltum 'i^Sfy^i^^ 
in mult IS corporis part ibus^^ kinde of itching, faith Laurentius on the lliper- {omnh 
ficics of the skin,like a flea-biting fometimes, ^Montaltas cap, 2 1. puts fixed f JI'^^^y^t^tu' 
eyes and much twinkling of their eyes for a figne , and {b doth ^S^vicenna^ "tfoZr^capi^ 
oculos habentes paf^itantes^ trauli 'vehement er rubicundi^ ^c, lib. 3. Fen, i.^^i-'^ds.flYepi' 
TraB,^.cap. 18. They lUitte moi\ part, which hee tooke out 01 Hippocrates ^ "l^'^J^l"*^ 
Aphortfmes. ^ Rhafis makes headach and a binding heaumejje for a principal! oculos ad vefie* 
tckcn^much leaping oj'voinde about the skinne^ (is rveli as flattings or tripping ^^^^podigu 
in JpeechjC^chyllovp O'^^ig^^j/^ veines , and broad lips. And although they \fuSl^^^. 
be commonly leane^hitluce, vnchearefull in countenance , withered, and not miiM. 
fo pleafant to behold, bv reafon of thofe continuall feares, eriefes, and vexa- 
lions; yet their memories are moft part good, they haue happy wits, and ex- mclmm.Aii' . 
cellentapprehenfions. Their hot and dry braines make them they cannot tamenfixii 
fleepe, Jngenterhabent & crebras vigilias {Arete us) Mighty & often watch- ^^'j^'^^P^^^'""^ - 
ings,{bmetimes waking for a month,a yeare together. ^ Hercules de Saxonik hcmjib.x, 
faithfully averreth, that he hath heard his mother fweare, fhe llept not for fe- l^J^'^'^^f^ 
ven months together; T rincavellius lorn, 2 . con/. 1 ^.(peakes of one that pitHlmm f£ 
ked 50 daies^and Skenkius hath examples of two yeares. In naturall adions/^«'f»« aumm, 
their appetiteis greater then their concodion , mnlta appetunt ^pauca dige- /^^'^^ JJ^J^^/"* 
runtj^s Rhafis hath it, they couet to eat, but cannot digeft. And although ocuii excavari' 
they ^ doe eat much ^yet they are kane^ilL likings faith '^reteus, withered and '^^i^c^ 
hard^much troubled Tvith cofliueneffe,cmdizkSjOppi]anons^ fpitting , belch- lapj^Meian^ 
ing,&c. Their pulfe is rare and flowe, except it be of the ^ Carotides which is cUiia, 
very ilrong; but that varies according to their intended paflions or pertur- ^J^f^^^'^ 
bations,as StHithius hath proued at large, Spigmatica art is lib.^.cap. 1 3 . To cibi capaccs^ ni- 
fay truth,in fuch Chronick difeafes the piille is not much to bee refpe(5ted, i>t'ommi4^ tami 
there being fo much fuperftition in it , as ^ Crato notes , and fo many diffe- e 5^'* 
Fences in Galen^ihdZ he dares fay they may not bee obferued , or vnderflood flamcmtidHtn 

of any man. f^ndr^at d 

Their vrine is moft part palc^and low coloured, rrina pauca^acris^ biliofa^ Kahamo. ' 
(k^reteus) Net much in quantity , but this in my iudgement,is all out as vn- epifiMb.^. cm, 
certainc as the other, varying (o often according to feverall perfbns,habics,& ^plff^^^fup^i. 
other occafions,not to be refpeded in Chronicke difeafes. g Their melan- tky au{m etUm 
choly excrements in fame very mach^ in others little , the Spleene plaies his ^'ff'" 
part^and thence proceeds winde,paIpitation of the hea£t,fhort breath,plen- ^^c^ZitmAGL 
ty of humidity in the ftomacke,he: vineiTe of heart and heart-ake, and intole- Una , neq,mttU 
table fkipidity and dulnefle of fpirits. Their excrements or ftoole hard,black ^^^^^^^fl^l^ 
to fome and little. If the heartjbraine,liuer,fplcnc , bee milaffci^edjas vfually gr^srigb/if©, 

Y 3 they 

Part.i.Sed.j. Caufes of Melancholy. Memb.i. Subf z, 

172 they arCjinany inconveniences proceed from them , many difea/es accom- 
h Tafl ^oMat . paoy^as IncLibus,!^ Apoplexy jEpilepfie^VertigOjthofe frequent wakings and 
iSi'f i< terrible dreames^intempeftius Iaughing,v/ceping, fighing, fobbing, bafhful. 
9.ic^;.}aL ncffcblulliing,treip;b!ing/vvcati 

MLfcariaiis co- j^i^,^ j|^^y thinke dr.) r-^yieare^lmell^and touch, that vvhich they doc not, as 
vSmX. ibaii'be proued in the ioilowing difcoiirfe. 

iGi^dmm: moao ndem,md6§ent{iknt,'^jc. k Tsmdius mfUl 45. Montanm mfil. 25 o. Gden. de lorn af m 

S V B S £ C T. 2i 

Sjmptomes or ftgnes in the MMe, 

Foare ^f^^ RculciKm in 9MaJis ad ^Imanfor.cAp. i (<.will hauc thefe Symp- 
U%-ifrn.& rcm:ics to be infinite,as indeed they arc , varying according to tlie 

nz^Jorfcarce is there one of a thoufafid that dotes alike , Lm^ 
^^^^^ rer.tiiis cap, 1 6. Some few of greater note I will point at; and a- 
mongft the reft, Feare and Sorrow ^^which as they are caufes, fo if they perfe- 
ver long,according to Hippocrates ™ and Galen s Aphorifines ^ they are moft 
lekk^anf' a^ft^red tignesj^infeparable companions , and charadkrs of melancholy 5 Of 
tLT& iZfli. prcfent niclancholy^ ap^' :iabituatcd,(aith 24ontaltm cap. \ r.and common to 
ua,fi d'mm them all^as the faid Wppocrates^Ga/en^ ^'vicenna^ and all Neotericks hold. 
fmaTo^h^-' -^"^ hounds many times run away with a falfc cry^neucr percciuing them- 
m de Meianch. felucs to be at a fau!T,fo doc they.For Diodes ofold,(whom Gale» confutes^ 
'j6irerBoi ainongft the /uniorSyi Hercules de Saxonia, with Lod. Mercatm cap,ij» 
^i^mamBMop, Hh.ije meUakQ iuft exceptions at this Aphorifine of Hippocrates , tis not al- 
M'thi diiiifMiwi waics true, or fo generally to be vnderftood, Feare and Sorrorv are no com- 
dc^mCpJtet Symptomesto all melancholy more feriom confiderarion, I Jind&. 
qttofd imeffe, fome ('faith he ) that are not fo at aU, Some indeed arefad^c^ not fearefuU ^^fomt 
qm non hborant ^^arcfuU and not fad fome neither fearefu^^nor fad fome both, Foure kindcs he 
^;y,yj.' ' excepts/anatica J 1 perfons,fuch as were Cajfandra^ M anto^Nicoflrata^Mopfm^ 
* ViohB.%. Proteus f[\Q: SybtUs^yNhom * Ariftotle confeiledi to haue beenc decpcly me- 
\Ipl^%ilihm' I'^incholy, Baptifta Porta(ccondshim,PhyJiogJib.i.cap,S, they v/ere atra bile 
rmka '^guia perciti: da:moniacall perfons , and fuch as fpeake flrange languages . are of 
^^^'^t'Safaui ^^'^^ ^omc Poets,fuch as laugh alwaies, and thinke i^^fefelues Kings, 
caiidi^irigmofi, Cardinalls,&c.fanguinethey are5pleafandy difpofed moft^p'att j and Co con- 
amp, djvm tinue. t Baptijla confines Feare and Sorrow to them that are cold 5 but 
j^au tnlUgaii LQ„cf5_^ Sybilles, Enthufiaftes, hee wholly excludes. So that I thinke I may 

omm exer- truely conclude,they are not alwaies/ad and fearefull, but vfually fo; & that 
^^■^^.^"'^^^^ vfiithout a caufe^timent de nontimendis ^ (GGrdoniusi ) quie^momentinon 
caufa^ ' funt^althott^h not aU alike ( faith i^ltomarm ) ^yet a]l likely feare , q fom<LJ 
jpOmneitiment rvith an extraordinary and a mighty feare, Areteu4. ^ Many feare death , and 
ImT^m 'tinidiy^^ ^ contrary humour ym%ke away themfelues^ Galen. lib. T^.de loc, affeBx.l^. 
modiij.JEtm, Some are afraid that heauen will fall on their heads : fomc, they are damned, 
"^catfa'^' ^^^^ ^ '^^^^ '^^'^ troubled with fmtffes of :onfcience , diBrufting Gods 
q inzpvlp^'vo- mercies ^thinke they^hallgoe cer tamely to Hellene Diveli will haue them^and 

rt trtpidant. 

1 Muifi mortem t'ment^ tamen fblipflt mortem mfcijcunt^alil mil mnamtintent, j ^Jp%it €oi pkna fcr upulis c«Hfcle»tU 
divi»<emfcrkordi< diffident fires (e definan(,hda lamentaiiene de^lor antes. 



Symptomes of the Minde, 


make great kme»tation , lafon Pratenjis, Feare of Divels, death,thatthey 173 
fhall be fo fick,clyc themfelues forthwith^or that fome of their dcare friends 
or ncerc allies are certainely dead; imminent danger , lolTe^ difgrace ftill tor- 
ment others, &c. that they are all glaffc, and therefore will luffer no man to 
come ncere them; that they are all corke,as light as feathers ; others as heavy 
as lead; fome are afraid their heads will fall off their fhoiilders.thac they haue 
frogs in their beIlics,&c/yi^<7»to//yf^7/?/z/. 2 3.fpcakes of one thut durfl not xtJoneufuit^ 
walke alone from home^for feare he \houid/ovpne , or d/c^. A (econd ^ fearcs ^"^o »« 
every man he meets vpillroh himyquarrell vpith hm^or kill him. A third dares ff^^fl'^^pjo. 
not venture to walkealone,for feare he fhould meet the DiveK , a theefcj bee wei fmmtja- 
fickejfcares all old women as witches^and every black dog or cat he fees, he ^l^^^^J^^^^* 
fufpcdeth to be a Diuell,cvery perfon comes neere him is maleficiated, eve- 
ry creatiirc,all intend to hurt him, fceke his ruine ; another dates not goe ouer 
a bridge,come neere a poolc,rock, fleep flill , lye in a chamber where croffe 
beamesarc,for feare he be tempted to hang,drowne/or pr3»cipitaie himfclfej 
If he be in a filent auditory ,as at a fcrmon,he is afraid he fhall fpeake aloud at 
vnawaresjfbmething viidecent,vnfit to be faid. If he be locked in a clofe romc 
he is afraid of being ff ifled for want of ayre,and flili carries bisket, Aquavitae, 
or fome ff rong waters about him,for feare oideliquittms, or being ficke,or if 
he be in a throng,middIe of a Church,multitude , where he may not well get ^ 
dutjthongh he fit at eafe,he is fo mifaffeded. Some are ^ afraid to be burned, amde RegeA^ 
or that the ^ ground wiU jinke vnder them^or ^fvo allow them quicke , or that fis. 
the King will call them in ^uejlion for fome facl they never dtd(Rhaf\s cont,) "^J^J^^^ 
and that they [hall fur ely be executed. The terrour of fuch a death troubles rs^uu 
thctii,and they feare as much,and are equally tormented in minde, y as they ^ ^« tmA'di' 
that haue committed a murder ^and are penfiue without a canfe^as if they were y^Mitkme"* 
now prefently to be put to death. Plater. cap. 3 . de mentis alienat. They are a- monk ummut 
fraid offomc lofle,danger,that they fhall furely loofe their liues, goods,and ^^^^^^1^, 
all they haue but why they knowe not. Trincavelius confl.i^Jib.i. had a pa- tamfeaHquld 
tient that would needs make away himfelfe , for feare of^being hanged , and commif4e,&ai 
could not be per fwaded for three yeares together , but that hee had killed a f^^^'*^'" 
vnm.P later. obfervat Jib, i .hath two other examples , of fuch as feare to bee 
executed without a caufe. Ifthey come in a place where a robbery,or any of- 
fence hath beene done , they prefently feare they are fafpe6led and many 
times betray diemfclues withouta caufe. Lewis the ii.the French King, fuf- 
peded every man a traitor that came about him, durft truft no officer, ^l^ 
formldolofiomnium^al^ quorundam(Fracafloriu4 lib.2.de IntelleSl, X^f^^'*^ tAttuidmefii' 
feare all alike, fome certaine men^and cannot endure their companies, arc fick cos timet , aUui 
in them, or ifthey be from home. Some fufpe6l treafon fiiII,others are afraid g'^^^l'-'J""*' 
pf their deareft andneareft friends, (Melanelius e Galeno^Ruf[o^c/EtioJ and 
dare not be alone in the darke/or feare of hobgoblins & divells ; he fufpe<5ls iih.ijde morb, 
every thing he heares or fees to be a Divell, or enchanted , and imagincth ^^''ise^ari'if 
thoufand Chimeras and vifions,which to his thinking he certainely fees bug- mti^c omnu 
bcares,talkes with black men,Ghoffs,gobIins &c. Another through badiful-^^^''?'!'^* "f''* . 
neffc,fufpition and timoroufnefle will not be fcenc abroad, ^ hues darknejfe cuich^i^" 
aslife^andconnot endure the light ^ or to fit in lightfome places,his hat ffill in ^o^^ timet, 
his eves,he will neither fce,nor be fcenc by his 200 d will , Hippocrates lib, de ^^^^"^^h 
Infanta. & Melancholia, He dare not come m company tor rearc nee fhould uiiffntfa fngit; 
s be 

P^Vt. I .Seft.x. Symf tomes of Melancholy. Memb. i.SubCi J 

174 be mifufedjclirgracedjoverriioot himfelfc in gcfturc or fpeeches. or bee (icke, 
he thinkes every man obleriics him,aimesnt him , derides liimpwes him ma, 
d^idm lor- lice. Moft part they are afraid^ they arebevpitchect ^pojfejfedj or^otjonedhy 
l^ritMabti- (^f^irntes^^rA fometimes they fufped their neere(i iriends .• hee thinkes 
micis veacp'cns fomethirig fpeskcs or talkes within him^or to him^arfd he helcheth ofthepoy^ 
^mcanmiom-j-j^^ Chrtjiophorus a Fega Uh,2'Cap.ih^d a patient To troiibled^that by no per* 
£am,Hip' fwafion or Phyiivdc,he could be reclaimed* Some arc afraid that they fhall 
pocf-ates.potio- [i^ue every fearefull difcafe they fee others hauc, heare of, or read , and dare . 
Tamfmpfilfe' therclore Iicare or read of any fuch luhk6t , no not of melancholy it felfe, 
p//^/^c^^^:f;2(; Icaft by applying to rhemfelues that wh^ they heare or read, they fhould 
^b!ol\£v"^' ^Sg'^^'^V''^^^ ^"'^ iacreafe it. If they lee one polieHcd,bewitched, an Epilepticke 
Idem Mmai- Paroxilme^a man fliaking with the pallie, or giddy ^hcadedj reeling or ftan-;. 
tui cap.zi. ding in a dangerous place &c. for many daies after it runnes in their mijidsj 
Am lib. z. & j.j^gy ^fjgi J j[^£y j-j^^jj toojthey are in like danger, as Perkins cap. t2, 
TraHianuslib. /ec^.2,we\l obfcrucsin his Cafes of Confcience^and many times by violence 
Lcap.ie. of Imagination they produce it. They cannot endure to fee any terrible ob-. 

ie(5l,as a Monfter,a man executed^a carcafe, heare the diuell nsmcd , or any 
Tragicall relation leene,but they quake for fcare 5 Hecatoifommare fibivi- 
denturf Luc/anJ thty dteamc of hobgoblins , and may not get it out of their 
mindes a long time after/ they apply (as I haue f aid) ail they heare, fee, read, 
c obrervatj.x. to thcmfclucs; as ^ Felix Plater notes ot fomc young Phy fitians , that fludy- 
m'X!n^<imi ^"S ^i^«^3^es,catch them themfelLies,will be ficke , and appropriate all 

mtieribus fymptomcs thcy fiodc related ofothers,to their ofvnc perfbns. And thcre- 
ImhaUm. fore (quod itcrum m oneo)\ would ad vifc him,that is adually melancholy,not 
to read this Trad; of Symptomes^left he difquiet or make himfclfe for a time 
Worfe, Generally of chem alltake this, de inanibus femper conqHerimtur 
t-tmeo tmen timent^hkh Aretius; tiiey complaine of toyes, and feare ^ without a caufe* 
^T^fcT'til ^^^^^'^ tormented and perplexed fqr toyes and triPxs ( fuch things as they 
w^kThSjIs ^^"^^ ^^"§^^ themfclues ) as if they were mofl matcriall and eflentiall 
/4itjimc9. matters indeed worthy to be feared,and will not be fatisfied. Pacific them for 
one,they are inflantly troubled with fomc other feare.alwaics afi-aid of feme 
thing,which they fooliilily imagine or coneeiue to themfelues , troubled in 
mindc vpon every finall occafion,vnquiet,flill complaining, j^rieuing , vex- 
ing,furpeaing,grLidging,dircontent, and cannot bee freed fo long as mcj^n- 
choly continues. Or if their mindes be mote quiet for the prefent , and they 
fre e from forrainc fea res, outward accidents,yct their bodies are out of tunc, 
they fufpea fomc part or other to be amiffe , now their head akes,heart,f^o- 
mackc,rpleene,&c. is mifaffcded , they fhall furely haue this or that difcafe; 
gc.p 9. 1?'^^ troubled in body,minde,or both,and through winde, corrupt phantafie, 
Rhalls,in muUis lomc accidentall difkmper continually molcflcd. Yet for all this as ? /4f t A/- 

.liquid tim^tt, ^P^^^'»g fhetr ciigmty,^erfon,or place, thisfooli^ , ridiculous , md childijb 
in cce'temta^^en feare excepted-^ whichfo much,fo continually tortures & crucifies their fouls^ 
TZ^ir' 1 g ^^^f ^^waies bawles ,W feldome bites, this feare eucr mo^ 

jnkurdistit^' Icltcth, and lo long as Melancholy laf^cth,cannotbe avoided. 
TZm^T f'''"^ ''r^'^^ Chara(acr,and infeparablc companion,as individuall 
cap 7. ^r.um. ^'^"^^ ^^'^^^^ J^^s Achates, asall Writers witneffc, a com^ 
triMmu mon fympcomc,a continuall^nd ilill without any evident pufc , ^ ^a:rerH 

^ omnt i 

Pare. I . ScA. 5 . Sjmf tomes of the rnivM. : . Memb, i .Suth^i ;« 

om-aes^O- fi roges eos reddere caufam^mnfojfftnt, grieving ftill^ but why^they 175 
cannor tell: ihcy lookc as if they had newly come forth oiTropfmuu denne. , 
And though they laugh many times , and feemc to be extraordinary mctry 
(as they will by fits / yet extrcamc lumpifli againe in an inilaut^ dull and \\tA' 
xy . femel /?w«/,merry and (ad^biit moft pare fad .• ^ Sf quapiacenf , Abetrnt*^ \ ManLEgl.u 
iff mica temcttts hxrent^ionovj ftickesby them ftill, continually gnawing,as 
thevulcure did ^T/Z/W bowels 5 and they cannot avoid it. NofooncrarekOwr/.Ai'rt.43 
their eyes open,but after terrible and trouhlefbme dreames,their hca uy harts 
beginne to figh: they are ftill fretting,chafing,Gghing,grieuing,complaining 
finding filultSjrepiningjgrUjdging, weeping, Heautontimorumenoi , vexing 
themlelues,* dilquieted inminde,with reftlefle^vtkquiet thoughts^ difcontent^Ua^wejrtwF 
cither for their owne,other mens, or publike affaires , fuch as concerne them 
not , tilings paft , prcfent , or to come, the remembrance of fomc difgracc, 
lofle,iniury,abure, Scctroubles them now being idle afrefti , as if it were new 
donc,they are afSidcd otherwife for fome dangerJoffcyWant, fliame, mifery, 
that will certainely come5as they (ufpedi: and miQruft. Lugubris Ate ftownes 
vpon them,in fb much, that ^retem well calls it^angorem animi^2i vexation 
of the minde. They can hardly be pleafedjor cafed, though in other mens o» 

pinion moft happy, goe,tarry,run,ride, v^^prjl e quit em fedetatra cur a: vnHotX^.Od.t 

they cannot avoid this ferall plague , let them come in what company they 
will," heret lateri lethdis ay undo , as to a Deere that is ikucke , whether hce " 
runjgoe^reftjWith the herd,or alone,this griefe remaines: irrefolution,incon- 
ftancy,vanity of minde, their fearejtorturejCare^iealoufiCjfufpitionj&cxonti" 
nues^and they cannot be relieued. So » he complained iirthe Poet„ • ommelHe^ 
J)omumtevertorjm^jlm^atj^Animofere^: autcm.Aa.i. 
Pfrturbato, af^ im erto pra ^gritudine, ' * ' 

Video AliosfeHmAreyleBpsflernete^ 
Cwmm Apparare^f ro fe quifg^ fedulo 
Faciebant'^ quo iJixm lenirent mifertam. 
He came home forrowfull, and troubled in his mind,his (ervants did all they 
poflfibly could to pleafe him; one pulled off his focks,another made ready his 
jbed,a third his fupper,all did their vcmoft indeauours to cafe his griefe, and 
cxhilerate his perfon,hc was profoundly melancholy, hee had lort his fbnne, 
illudA»gebat^ his paine could not bee remoucd. Hence it proceeds many 
.times.that they are weary of their Hues, and ferall thoughts to offer violence 
to their owneperfbns, come into their raindes , tjidiumvita. isacommon ^^^^^^^^j^^ 
tym^tomQ^ tArdAfiumt,hgrAta^temporA^ they are foone tired with all 
' things; they will now tarry jnoiv be gone; now pleafed, then againe difplea- 
fed; now they Iike,by and by diflike all,weary of all ^fequitur nmcvivendi^ 
nunc moriendt cupido^faith ureitA»usJity, i.CAp, 6, but moft part P vitam p Aitommu 
^4«i;?^«/?/,difcontent,difquieted,perpIexed vpon every light , or no occa/ion, 
obied: often tempted,! fay,to make away them felues; ^ Ftvere nolunt^ mort (^stneca. 
nefc 'mnt'^ they cannot dye, they will not liue: they complaine, weepe,lamcnt^ 
and thinke they lead a mollniiferable life , every poorc man they fee is moft. 
fortunate in refped of them,every bcgger diat comes to the doore is happi- 
er then they are,tl)f y could be contented to change liues with chem 3 efpeci- 
ally if they be alonc,idlc,andpartcdfrom.thetf ordinary company ,molefted, 

Z difpleafcd^l 

Part. i.Se<fl.3 . Symftmes of Melancholy. Mcmb. i .Siibrz. 

lj6 dilplcafedjor provoked: griefe, feare, difcontent, wearifomenefle, fufpition, 
orfomefuch palTion forcibly feizeth on them. .Yet by and by when they 
come in company againe, which tliey like, or be pleafed , fram fententim 
rmfm damnant^dr v/U foUtto ^ele^imtur^^s 05lAvius Horatiams obferues 
//^.2.cap.5.they condemne their former diflike,and are well pleaied to liue. 
And fo rhcy continue, till with fome frefh difcontent they be molcftcd again, 
and iberi they are weary of their lines, weary ofall,thcy will die,and ilicw ra- 
\omchi'3^'e ^^^^^ ^ "ccelTicy to liue,then a defire. CUudius the Emperour, as f Sueton de- 
fcribes him,'had a fpice of this difeafc , for when hec was tormented with the 
ikm (le confcii - p^jng ^ jg {^oinacke, he had a conceipt to make away himfelfe. /«/. C^Jar 
gitaff'eTxV''' CUudims confil.^.\\3id3LPolomAn to his Patient, fo afleded , that through 
r LHgci i^fem^ fca^e and forrow^with which he was ftill difquieted , hated his owne life, wi- 
%udmeTlmt' ^^^^^ ^^^^y mo»^ent,and to be freed of his mifery. MercurUlii an- 

othcr^and anorher^that was often minded to dilpatch himfeifc,and fb conii- 

"m/iw!''^' ""^^ '^'^"^ yeares. 

C/.^ w su[paio/2ymd leloujie^^vt general! Symptomes : they are commonly dif- 
Sufpition. truftfuJI,apt to miftake^and ampliRc jfact/e irafcihiles,^ tcfty,pettifli,peegifli, 
{Padiekir'am ^"^ T^^^ly fiwrle vpon every ' fmall occafion,c«w amicipmU , and with- 
midmt.Aret. ouc a c^w^t^dAtum velnon datum^ii will be fcandaltfmacceptttm. If they fpeak 
^/''^^^^^^linieftjie takes it in good earnei}. If they be not ialuted, invited, Confulted 
Savanmu' with,ca!Ied to counfell &c. or that any refped , finall complement , or cere- 
fraa.mhy. mony be omitted they thinke themfeliies negleded , and contemned for a 
^X^nVvken. ^^^^ ^^^^ torf ures :h.em. If two talke together,difcourle,whifper, ieft,or tell a 
m m>.[.pe^.u taic in gCDciall, hee thinkcs prefcntly they meane him,applies all to himfelfe, 
"^hrf^t^n^^^' ^^fip^^^^ ommi. diet. Or if they talkc with him, hee is ready to mifconfter c- 
very word they fpeake, and interpret it to the worft , hee cannot endure any 
man to looke ikedily on him,fpeake to him almoft, laugh,ieft,or bee famili- 
u Stt^m^ diffi ar , or hem , or point, cough, or fpir, or make a noy (e fometimes &c. » Hee 
matTcmo^E ^'^^"^^ ^^^V ^^'Jg^i point at him, or doe it in difgrace of him , circumvent 
Aleyan- ' him,contemnc hiin; every man lookes at him,he is pale, red , fweats for fearc 
drino conf,i9s. and anger,left fome body fhould obferue him. He workes vpon it , and long 
seoU'^it. after,this falfe conceipt of an abufe,troubIes him. Mont anus confil. 2 2 . giues 
inftance in a melancholy lew, that was fo wafpifh and fulpitious , tAm ficift 
iratusythat no man could tell how to carry himfelfe in his company. 
Inconftancy. Inco^flant they are in all their a(ftions,reftlefle,vnapt to refolue ofany bu- 
finefle,they will,and will not,perfwadcd to and fro vpon every (mall occafi- 
on,or word fpoken: and yet if once they be refolucd, obftinatc, hard to bee 
reconciled. Ifthey abhorre,dif]ike,or diftaft,once fetIed,though to the better 
by oddeSjby no counfell or pcrfwafion to be rcmoucd. Yet in mod things 
wauering,irrefoIute,vnabIc to deliberate,through feare Jacmnt , ^ mox fx- 
Bi^(enttent(^^retem)AVAri,^ fxuto poH prodigi. Now prodigall,and then 
covetous; they doe,& by-and-by repent them of that which they hauc done, 
foonc weary,and ftill feeking change^rcftleffe,! Iay,ficklc, fugitiue, they may 
/ nor. not abide to tarry in one place long, 

t Rom^ rus optAns^tdfentem rufticus vrhem 1 
• FtrfStiU 3. ToUttAd Afira, — — • no company long, or to pcrfcucr in any 

bufinefle, ^EtfrnflesregumpueriSypAppAremmutHm 

Vofcitfdr imus fHAmm^ UUAre mufat^ 
' cfcfooncs 

part. I . Sev5b.2. ^jmptomej of the minde. iMemb. i . Subf 

eftfbones pleafed, and anon difplealcd , they haue not patience to read out a 177 
booke,to play out a game or tvvo,waIke a mile , fit an houre, &c, eredcd and 
deieded in an inftant 5 animated to vndercake, & vpon a word fpoken againe 

Extreame Paj^io^ate^^icquidvolunt ^ valAe volunt 5 and what they de» PaffionaSeJ 
fire^they doe moft furioufly feeke: envious3malitious,proru(e one while, fpa- 
ring another,butmoft part covetous^muttering , repiningydifcontent , pec- 
mOn^tniitriarum tenaces ^pronc to rcvengc,and moft violent in all their ima- 
ginations,not affable in lpeech,or apt to vulgar complement, but furly, dull, 
3(ad5auftere- held therefore by fome proudpfoft/ottifh^ or halfe mad , as the 
Jbderites elkemed oiDemocritm : and yet of a dcepc reach , excellent ap- 
prehtniion, iudicious,w iieand witty: fot I am of that t Noblemans minde, t LHet^iadk 
CMeUncholy advameth mens conceipts^ more then any humour rvhatfoever, 
They are of profound iudgement in fome things, although in oth^is^nonre^ 
iieiudicant mquietifikh FracAjlorius lth,2,de Intell^hnd 2sArcuUnui,caj). 
j6jfJ9.RhaJis^ttmncsit^Iudkium flerum^ferverfum , corrupti cum iudi- 
cmt hsnejlayinhonejla'^ amkitUm haUnt pro inimicit 'm : They count ho- 
nefty,difhonefty5 friends as enimies; they will abufe their bcft friends , and 
dare not offend their enimies. Cowards moft part,^^ ad infer endam iniuri- 
dm tmidipmijiaithCardan lib.Z.cap.^o^de rerum variet at ej^oih to offend; 
and if they chance to ouer-fhoot thcmlelucs in word^or deed, they are mife- 
rably tormented,and frame a thouland dangers and inconveniences to them- 
lelues/AT mufia elephant urn ^if osce they conceit it ; ouerioyed with every 
good rumour^tale, or profperous event , tranfported beyond themfelues: 

\ ^ with every linal crofle againe,bad newes,mifconceaucd iniury,lofIe,dangcr, 

^ afflidcd beyond mea(ure,aftonirhed,iimpatient,vtterly vndone. Fearcfull, 
:i6irpitipus of all. Yet againc^many of them defperas harbraines, rafh, care* 
^ftejfit to be Aflafinates^as being void of all fcare and fbrrow*, according to 
t Hercules de Saaonia^MoH audacious , andfuch as dare rvalke alone in th^ f ^^^li 
flight through de farts and dangerous places fearing none. They are prone to Imtulmptr 
loue^and ^ eafie to be taken: Propenfiadamsrem excandefcentiam ^ (Mon-[Hv;is^ & iccn 
quickly inamored, and dote vpon alljloue onedcarely, t\l\P^f't»^of<'y^- 
they fee another ,and then dote on her, Et hanc^ hanc^ ^ illam, ^ omnes, Tf^Hc'/^^ 
Yet fome againe cannot endure the fight of a woman , abhorrc the fexe , as 
that fame melancholy v Duke of (Mufcovy , that was inflantly ficke , if hee y g^J^"^' 
came but in fight of them : and that ^ Anchorite, that fell into a cold palfie^ 
when a woman was brought before him. P'^^'*^' f< 

fl7^«^^?ro«^ they are beyond all meafure, fometimesprofiifely laughing, "^^^^s^ftirtfj 
extraordinary merry, and then againe weeping without a caufe , groaning, foiitudixc 

■ fIghing,penfiue,fad,almo{t diftraded, multa ahfurda fingunt^ a rat tone a- ^"Jfl^{^^ 
//^'«<faith t Frambefarim) they faigne many abfurdities,vainc, void of rea- mitum mJiem 
Ibn: one fuppofeth himfelfe to be a Dog,Cock,Beare,Horfe,Glal!e, Butter, f^'^epojfu.&eo 

. &c. He is a Giant , a Dwarfe , as' ftrong as an hundred men, a Lord,Duke, ^cmfuiiM, U 
Prince, &c. And if he be told he hath a Sinking breath;, a great nofc,that hee nSonfi 
is ficke ,or inclined to fuch or fuch a difeafe,he beleeucs it eftfoones, and per- 
adventure by force ofimagin3tion,wilI workc it out. Many ofthcm are im* 
moueabIc,and fixed in their conccipts,otbers vary vpon every obiect , heard 
orleene. Ifchey fee a Stage-play, they run vpon chat a weeke after j if they 

Z a heard 

ParC.i.Sea.3 . Sjmftomes of Melancholy. Mcmb. LvS^ubU 

178 heare Miifick/n* fee dancing,they haue nought but bagpipes in their brainc; 
BGcncraliy jf they fee a cuiTibat^they are all for armes. a if abufed , an abufe troubles the 
leafed oTdif lo"g 3f^e^5 if crofled, that croffe &c. Reftlefle in their thoughts , and anions, 
plearcd>arc continually m^dimm^yP^e/ut sgnfomnin^ vandijinguntur j\ectes 5 More like 
their continu- c}j;eanies,then men awake, they faine a company ot Anticke , phantafticall 
pieaHng^or"' couceipts^they haue moft frivolous thoughts.impolTible to be affeded , and 
difpleafing. fometimcs thinke verily they heare and fee prefent before their eyes , fuch 
phantafmes or goblins^they feare/ufped or conceaue , they Hill talkc with, 
and follow them; In fine sogit at tones fomninnt'thm fimiles ,W vtgiUntjquod 
dij [omnhnt cogitabundi-^ Still,faith Avkema^xhcy wake , as others dreame, 
hOmwiextr- and fuch for the moft part are their Imaginations and conceipts, t) abfurd, 
cent var,<ehi^ vame/ooliQi toyes^yet they are ^ mort curious and follicitous , continuall,& 
l7ghMom! ffipramodum,RhxfiscofitMki,cap,^.prameditantur dealiqua re, Asferioiis 
imc.pifo. Bfii- in a toy,as if it were a moft neccnary bufinefle,of great momentjimportance, 
f c/fiS'e- ^ ftilloftilliftill thinking of ivf^viimt infe^ macerating themfelues. Though 
hm minimis. " they doe talke with you, and feeme to bee otherv^ife imployed , and to youc 
Amm^ thinkin^jVery intent and bufie,ftill that toy runncs in their minde , that fearc, 
that fufpition,that abufe,that vexation,that crofle,that caO.le in the ayre , that 
fidion,that plcafant waking drcame whatfbeuer it is. Nec inter rogant f faith 
d Ub t d In- ^ F^^c^florius )nec interrogate re5ie re^ondent , They doe not much heed 
ttii, * ' what you fay,their minde is on another matter; aske what you will,they doe 
not attend,or much intend that bufmefle they are about , but forget them- 
felues what they are (ay ing,doing,or (hould otherwife fay or doe, diftraded 
with their owne melancholy thoughts. One laughs vpon a (udden , another 
(Iniles to himfelfeja third frownes, calls , his lips goe ftill , hee ads with his 
c Bocmkn- walkes ,&c. 'Ti s proper to all melancholy men , (aith ^ Mercuria- 

propriuntyvt lis confil. I i,What concetpt they haue once entertAined ^ to be mojt intent ^ vto- 
q^asfmeiima' lent^and continually about it, Invititoccurrit^ doe what they may , they can- 
mfpertm^n ^ ^e rid of it , againft their wills they muft thinke of it a thouland times 0- 
facile reiicim^ vcCjPerpetuo molefiantur^nec oblivifcipoffnnt, they are continually troubled 
^imhkfmtr'^ ^^^^^ ^^'"^ company ,out of company^at mcat^at exercife, at all times and pla- 
7ccmalt'/^' ces, f non definmt ea^qu<e minime volmt^cogitare^ if it be offenfiue elpecial- 
t TuUiuidefen. fh^y cannot forget it^they may not reil or fleepe for it. 
^caf.t^' ^ Crato^% Laurent ii^^^nd Fernelius^^wt bafhfulnes for an ordinary Symp- 
BaHifulneflc. tomt,pibruflicHs ptidor^oi vitiofus pudor^ is a thing which much haunts and 
torments them. \i they haue beene mifufed^derided. difgraccd, chidden, &c. 
or by any perturbation of minde mifaffedcd , it fo farre troubles them , that 
they become quite moped many times,& fo difheartncd, dcieded, they dare 
not come abroad,into ftrange companies efpecially, or manage their ordina- 
ry af!aires/o childifh, timorous, and bafhfull , they can looke no man in the 
face; fome are more difquieted in this kinde,fomc lefTe, longer fome , others 
h Ub I dejn- ^^^^^^^^"^ &c.though fome on the other fide ("according to ^ Fracapri- 
uU. ' ' fisjhc inverecundi & pertinaccs^\m^\x<icni and pceuifh. But moft part they 
are very fhamefali- and that makes them with Pet.'Blefenfis^chriftopher Vrf- 
v0ick^2Xi^ many fuch,to refufe honours,officcs,and preferments,which fome 
times fall into their mauthes,they cannot fpeake or put forth themfelues as 
others caOj^/wi'r hos^pudor impedit /^(^j-jtimoroufnefle and bafhfulneffe hin^ 
dec their proceedingSjthey are contented with their prcfcnt eftatc. For that 


Parc.i.Sed:.3. Symptomesoftheminde, Memb.i.Subf.i 

caiife they (eldome vific their friends, except Tome familiars : pauciloqui , of 17^ 
few words,and oftentimes wholly iilent , t Frambefartpts a Frenchman , had t ^eK/«/r.if , 
two {uchPatkntSyOmm/to tacit urnos ^ their friends could not get them to ^ 
fpeake: Rodericus a Tonfeca, conJult.Tom,iS>'^.confil.^\ut% inflance in a yong 
raan,of 27 yeares of age^that was frequently filentjbafhfulljmoped, (blicary, 
that would not eat his meat or fleepe^and yetagaine by fits^apt to be angry,' 
&c.moft part they arc , as f T'Uter notes , decides tacit urni, agre tmpuljl^ nec 
nijicoacfij^rocedmt^&c.xhty will fcarce be compelled to doe chat which co- 
cernes them,though it be for their good,{b diffident, fo dulK of flnall , or no 
complementjVnfociable,hard to be acquainted with ^efpecially of ftrangersj 
they had rather write their mindes,then fpeake,and aboue all things loue So- 
Utarinejfe. Ob volnftate n^an ob timorem [olifttnt ? Are they fo lolitary for Solitarincflc, 
pleafurc (one askes) or paine ? for both: yet I rather thinke for feareand for- 
row &c. » Hmc metmnt^cttfiuntj^ dolent^fttgiuntj^ nee auras » ^"i' 

ReJ^iciunt claufitenebrii^& carcere caco. 

Hence 'tis they grieuc and feare^avoiding light. 

And fhut themfelues in prifon darke from fight, 
hsBeUerophonin^ Homer, ^n^^ 
Qui mifer in (jlvis moerens errabat opac'u^ 
Jpfefuum cor edens^hominum vejligia vitans. 
That wandred in the woods fad all alone, 
Forfaking mens fociety, making great moanc. 
They delight in woods and waters^defart pIaces,to walke alone in orchards, 
Gardens,privace walkes,back-Ianes,averfc from company, as Diogenes in his 
tub-or Timon Mifanthropusyxhtw abhorre all companions atlaft , euen their ^5""'*'"'? 
neerelt acquaintance,and molt ramiiiar mends , tor they nauea conceipt ( I modiobabmt, 
(ay) every man obferues them,will deride,laugh to fcorne , or mifufe them. &loiitampcr^ 
confining tKemfelues therefore wholy to their priuat houfes or Chambers, 
fugtunt homines fine cau/a (Uith Rhajis ) odio habenty cont, lib. i . cap, p. It 
was one of the chicfert reafons, why the Citizens of fufpeded De- 

mocritus to be melancholy and mad 5 bccaufe that as Hippocrates related in m Demncrlm 
his Epiftle to Philopcemenes^^ he for poke the Citty^ liued ingrouts and hoi- <^ ' 

lovp trees yVpon agreene banke by a, brooke JideyOr confluence of waters all day ^^reJpLum^ 
longyand all night. Qm quidem (faith he) plurimum atra bile vexatis , me- autemin^ifeiU' 
lancholicis eveniunt^de/erta frequent ant ^hominum^ congreffumaverfantur'^ ^"'^^"^ a»Mnk 
n Which is an ordinary thing with melancholy \xizx\JVh,tu^gyptians there- bris,veiin tene- 
forc in their Hieroglyphicks^c\K>it{{Qd a melancholy man by an Hare fitting byii,& moUiboi 
in her forme,as being a moft timorous and folitary creature , Vierim Hiero- J^^^ww Jrl-liji 

1 2.Butthis,and all precedent fymptomes, are more or lefle appa- ^«tf/<t^««»* 
rent,as the humour is intended or rcmitted,hardly perceaucd in fbme,or not ^^ff^^^^^^^^ 
at all,mo(^ manifeli in others. Childifh in (bme,terrible in other s,'to be dcri- bm^^aiiturq, dr> 
ded in one,pittied or admired in another,to him by fits,to a fecond continu- 'w. 
ace; and howfoeuer thefe fymptomes bee common and incident to all per- ^^^f^^jf^^* 
(bns, yet they are more rem irkable, frequent, furious and violent in melan- veiut ryaumx 
choly men. To fpeake in a vvord,therc is nothing fb vaine, abfurdjridiculous, ^»d.m:ciiio , 
extravagant impofrible,incredible,fb monflirousa Chymcra , fo prodigious mtempil"^^'^ 
and ftrange, o fuch as Painters and Poets durft not attempt , which they will oEt qua vk 
notreally fearc/ainc,fufpcd,and imaofinc vnto thcmfdues ; And chat which <^'^'^ f'^^t^*i 

Z 3 Lo d, 

Part.i.Sed. 3. Sjmftomes of Melancholy > Memb.i. SubCj* 

1 8b t Lod. Fives (aid in kd of a filly country fellow , that kil'd his AfTc for drink* 
f/it capAi. lib. ing vp the Moonc3^'/ /u»am mundo redderet , you may truely fay of them in 
to deciviijei. g^^ncfti Thcv will atSljConceaue all extreames^contrarieties^and contradidi* 
Mt^L vt ons^and that m infinite varieties. MeUncholid plane incredibdia fib 't ferfuA* 
dent^'vt vix onmibu4pe£aUs dm repertiftnt^qui idem imaginati fint( Eraftm 
de Lamp /carcc two of two thou(and,that concurre in the (amefympcomes; 
there is in all melancholy fmilitudo dipmilis^ like mens faces, a di/agrceing 
likenelTc ftillj And as in a River we fwimme in the fame place , though not in 
the ftmenumericall water 'as the fame inflrutnent affords feuerall leflbns/o 
the fame difeafe yeelds diverfity of fymptomes. Which howfbeuer they be 
divcrfe,intricate,and hard to be confincdjl will adventure yet in fuch a vaft 
confufion and generality^ to bring them into fome order, and fo defccnd to 

S V B S E C T. 5. 

PartictiUr Sympt owes from the influence of Starresm 
Parts of the 'Body and Humours, 

Ome men haue peculiar Symptomes jHccording to rheir tempera- 
ment and Cr//i/,which they had from the Starres and thofe cele- 
(tiall influenceSjVariety of wits and difpotitions, as Anthony Zara^ 
contQndSyAnat,ingenfeci,ijnemb,ii, 12. 13.14' plurimum irrp- 
tant influentiacAlefles^'vnde cientur animi i£gritudines morln corporum, 
^ P One feiih^diuerfe difeafes of the body and minde proceed from their inf^u- 

xSea.iMemb, cnces, r as I haue already proued out of Ptolomy^pontami^^Lemnitufiardan^ 
i.Subj.^, and oihers,as they are principall (ignificators of manners , difeafes, mutually 
irradiatedjOr Lords of the gmkmc,SLc,Ptolomeus in hiscentiloquy,/y^r»!?<f/, 
or whofoeuer elfe the author of that Trai5l , attributes all thefc fymptomes, 
which arc in iriclancholy men, to celefliall influences : which opinion Mer- 
^Derb 1 ^^^^^^l^ de affeci.lih.i.cap, tosdcds'^bm as I (ay, ^ lovianm Pontanui^ and 0- 
lS!io.eap^ii!' fhers (hfiy defend. That (bme are folitary,dull,heavy, churlifh: fomeagaine 
bIith,bu\'ome,light,and jnerry,they afcribe wholy to the ilarrcs. As if Sa* 
turne be predominant in his nativity,and caufe melancholy in his tempera- 
ture,then 'he fhall be very auflerc, fullcn, churlilli, black of colour, profound 
\iM tndagme, in hiscogitaiions,fulIofcares,miferies, and difcontents, fad andfearefull ,al- 
Goelemui. ^^j^^ ^^j^^^ ^ folitary, ftill delighting in husbandry , in \Voods,Orchards, 
Gardens,Rivers,Pondes,Pooles,darkewalkes andclofe: Cogitationesfunt 
'velle adificare.veUe arbor es plant are^agros colere ^(^cTo catch BirdSjFifhes, 
&c. ftill contriuingand mufing of fuch matters. If //if/>//<fr domineirs,thcy arc 
more ambitious,ftill meditating of kingdomcs,magiflracies,offices,honors, 
or that they are Princes,Potcntates, and how they would carry themfclucs , 
&c. \^Mars,i\ity are all for warres,btaue combats, Monomachics, tefly, cho- 
lericke,harcbrainc,rarii,furious,and violent in their anions. They will faine 
them("lues Vi(flors,Commandcrs,are paffionateand fatyricall in their fpec- 
chcs,grcat braggers, ruddy of colour. If the Si$nne they will be Lords,Empc- 
rours,in conceipt at Ieaft,and Monarchs,giue OfficeSjHonourSj&c. Ifren/fSj 
they arc ftill courting of dicir mifkcflcs and moft apt co loue, amoroufly gi- 

/ r ' 

part. i.5"ed:.3 Sjit^ptomes from Starres, humour s,^c Memb. i .SubC j 

i . - ' 

ven,thcy feeme to heare muficke,plaies,lee fine piLiures,dancers,merriments i8i 
and the like. Euer in loue^aud dote on all they lee. Mercurialifts are folita. 
ry,much in contemplation /ubtile^Poets, Philofophers, & mufing moft part 
about fuch matters.If the Moone hauc a hand,they are all for peregrinations, 
fea voyages,much affeded with trauells^to difcourfe, read, meditate of fuch 
things; wandering in their thoughts 3 divers, much delighted in waters, to 
fiai/owle,&c. ■ " 

But the mof^ immediate Symptomes proceed from the Temperature ic 
fclfe,and the Organicall parts, as Head, Liuer, Spleenc, Meferaicke veines. 
Heart, Wombe,Stomacke,&c.ana moft efpccially from diftemperatur* of 
Spirits(which as t Hercje Saxoma contendSjare wholy immaterial] ) or fro | rraa, 7. de 
the foure humours in thofe fcats,whether they be hot or cold, naturall,vnna- -wctta. 
turall,innate or adventitious,iatendcd or rcmitted,fimple or mixt , their di- 
vcrfe mixtures,and feuerall aduftions,combinations,which may be as diuerf^ 
ly varied,as thofe " foure firft qualities in ^ Claviuj,ar\d produce as many fe- uHumyumiCA' 
verall Symptomes and monflrous fidions as v/ine doth effe6\s,which as Jn- lidumyfigidm, 
dreas Bachius obferues Ub,'3^.de vino f<i/>.20.are infinite. Thofe of great note f w i .wp. 
be thefe. 

If it be naturall Melancholy ,as('L«^^.U^^rc4?^//^.i.f^^. 17. demeUn, T, "^^H^^* 
Bright cap, 1 6.hath largely defcribed,either of the Spleene , or of the veines, 
feulry ^ >y excefle of quantity ,or thicknefle of fubftance/it is a cold and dry hu* 
mour,as Montunm affirmes foxiJi/,26,thc parties are fad,timorous,and feare- y j^y^jjy;,, 
full. Profper Calenm in his booke de atra hile^W^ haue them to be more flu- lanchotiA ww- 
pid then ordinary ,cold,heavy,dull,fblitary,fluggi{li, Si mult am atram bilem ^^/^y"^^ 
(^fiigiAam habent. TJercules de Saxoma cap, 16. lib, 7. y holds theje that ar^ „i^fi^ ftupidi^ 
naturally melsHcholy^to be of a leaden colour or black > and fb doth Guianeritu limrii. 
cap,'^,tra^.i$.2.od (iich as thinke themfelues dead many times , or that they ^^chcnTcMji 
fee talke with blacke men,dead men,(pirits and goblins frequendy , if it be in eftlncc vmhH- 
cxcefle. Thefe Symptomes vary according to the mixture of thofe foure hu- ^J*' vitvparm 
mours aduftjwhich is vnnaturall melancholy. For as Trall/anus hath written iij^iiermmx- 
cap, 1 6Mb. j,^ There is not one caufe of this Melancholy ^nor one humour which vnde nm 
begets itjjut divers diuerjly intermixtjrom whence proceeds this variety 
Symptomes'. And thofe varying againe as they arc hot or cold. » Cold melan- umm. 
eholyfCakh Benedicf^ittorita F averitinuspradl ,mag.)is a caufe of dotage^ and ^ K^worj^i^?- 
more mild Symptomes, if hot or more adufl^ofmore violent paponsydr furies. iumi'lllidM 
Fracafloritds lib- 2 ,de inteUeH, will hauc vs to confider well of it , ^ with what fumU. 
kinde of Melancholy every one is troubled^for it much availes to knowe it, one ^g^^jj^i^^^^ 
is enraged by fervent heat, another'is pojfeffed by fad and cold , one is JearefuU^ melmhoUa 
Pjamefiji'^the other impudent and bold; As K^iax, ^rma rapit/uperofg^ fu- neAtw^ncfer' 
rem in pr^lia pofcit: quite mad or tending to madneffe ; Nunc hos mnc im- l^laf:iUumni' 
petit iHos. Bellerophon on the other fide ^ foils errat matefanm in agris , wan- ^« & fiige»\ 
ders a'one in the woods, one defpaires,weepcs, and is weary ofhis iife,ano- 3^^^^^'. 
thcr laughs, &c. All which viriety is produced from the feuerall deg tecs di^vttrepi<li:&Go 
hea,t and co\d,wh[ch^ Hercules deSaxonia will haue wholly proceed from t c-jp 7. d?- s. 
the difteiTipcraturc of fpirits alonc,animaIl efpecially ,and thofe iminateriall, ^ ^j^^^ 
the next and immcdiatcaufcs ofMelanchoIy,as they are hot,coId,dry,moift, chiueex imem' 
and from their agitation proceeds that diverfity of Symptomes , which 
reckons vp , in the 1 1 3. cap. ofhis Tradt of Melancholy , and that largely b^^w, ^ 


Part.i.Sc6i:.5. Sjmf tomes of Melancholy, Mertib.i.SubC5.' 

iSi through every parr. Others will haue them come from the divers aduftion of 

the foLire humours , . which in this ynnaturall melancholy , by corruption of 
cT.Eright, wp. blood^adul^ choler,or melancholy natural), ^ by excepue diftemper of heat ^ 
16, Treat. Mel. f^^^^^^^^ compATtfon of the naturallj/ito a jharp lye by force ofadufiion , caufe 

accordmgtothe diverfity of their matter , diverfe andflrmge Symfitomes^ 
dc-ip.itf.i» 9. which T.i?^/^/' reckons vp in his following chapter., So doth ^^e^/i';^/^/?**, 

according to the foure principall humours adult,and many others. 

For examplejifit proceed from fleagmc , ( which is fejdome and not fo 

frequent as the reiV « it ftirres vp dull Symptomes, and a kinde of ftupidity, 
e Bm^f f Iff. impaffionate hurt: they aref]eepy/aith ^ S<tmnarolA^di\.^^ floWjCold^bloc-^ 
iv.tajnmx. killijafle-likc, ^fininAm meUmholtam^ MeUn^ihon calls ic , they are much 
^^^''^f^^^hf^*^ given to weepmg.and delight m rvaterSjponds^fooles^ rmers,ji\hing fowling^ 
^beaiima, c^c,{Ar?Mf^j breufar,hcap.i^jjThfty are ^ pale of colour, lloathfuil, apt to 
cipdehmor. ^ Oecpejheavy; much trouhledwkhhead ach,CQnmud\\ meditation,and mut- 
themlelues , they dreamc of waters that they are in danger of 
fm {mt &CU- drowning,and feare fuch things, Rhafis. They arc falter then others that are 
mpwioi^vio- nielancholyjpalerjofa muddy complcxion,apter to fpit , ^ fJeep, more trou- 
^c, ' bled with rhcume tiien the reii , and haue their eies ftill fixed on the ground, 
h v'l^-d nafci- S jch a patient had Hercules de Sax0r2iA.pL widdow e in Venice was fit & 
^uT&Sf very flccpie aiH; C^r/y?f/>^m/^ i r^^/i another affeded in the i;ime fort. If it 
Hw.d?s«o;:. bei'iveterateor violent-, the Symptomes are more evident, they plainely 
isayamroia. ^q^^ ^j.^ ridiculous to ochersJn all their eefturcs,adions,fpeeches; ima- 
in re,autfub- g'^^^g impolnoiii ICS , as he in Chrtjtophorw a Vega , that thought hee;was a 
mr^i timnty tunnc of wine , ™ and that Siennois , that refolued with hin^Xeirc not to pifle, 

(Lould drowne all the townc. • 
v'm amanttaUi Ifit proceed from blood aduil , or that there bee a mixture of blood in it, 
Akxmdc(ip.\6 nfich are commonly ruddy of complexion^andhtgh ro^/^rf^/accorcing to Sa- 
I Semper fere 

lufl.Saluianiii^md Hercules de Saxonia. And as SauahArok^Vittoriffs Fauen- 
dorm fmno' finm E-nperhx^x adde « the veints of their eyes be red , as vpeilas their fa- 
lib.7. * ^^^y '^^^ '""5" inclined to.laughter,wittie and merry, conccipted in dif- 
m Liwemm courfe^ple^lantjit they be not farre gone,much giuen to muficke,dancin5, & 
luf^^h'!' womens company. They meditate wholly on fucb things , & thmke 

vsnit rubedo'o- ? tbeyfee Or heareplaies^ dancing, and fuch like (ports ( free from^all feare and 
ctti(»rum &f,i~ fovrow,9sHercuies de Saxonia fuppofeth.;if they be more (Irongly pofTefTed 
cie^^jimmtun- ^^^^^^ ^j^j^ of melancholy, i^rnoldus addes , BrevtarMki.cAp.iS. Like 
op^ci^mio. him o^^rgos in the q Poet, that fate laughing all day long, as if he had beenc 
J'/W-^'^ ^ Theatre. Such another is mentioned by ^ ^r/>^/-f , liuins at i^bydos a 
feritvm & a- towiv^ o^ Ajia maior^ihat would fit after the fame fafhion, as ifhee had beenc 
ro^xtum vfm ^ vpon a aagc,and fomctimcs ad himfeIfe,now clap his hands, and laugh , as 
tetn TauL^^^''^''^'^'^^^^^ Wolfius relates of a countryfel- 

Ub.l.^6tnpri^o^^CA\\t'^'Brunf€l^ius,(uhkeLKOl\\\% humour*, ^ 'fhat beingbychAnceAt a 
}S%r' fi[^'^»=fi^^^^o^^»full offfrcmaformehdlfeAllecpe^At rchtchobieU mojlof 
^Kxdet pAutm^^'^'^^^P'^^y ^^^^ momdy that for threes 

fiakngmepu-vphile diies after he did nothing by -which meanes hee was much 

ltfe.Tm!(ia ^^^^'^f^.'^^^'f^orftx long time following. Such a one was old Sophocles, and 
audireiudoi, J>em9QrttHi himfelfe had hiUre del/riffm^rmchm this vaine. Lanre/itius cap. 
c^f._ • * 

^ C^'^Tmaje MiUn. qH9r.eitm.z.qmdamhaudhjiobilj Ar.^k.&e. tLlh.de reb.mlr, Ummta cminundm 

Part.io^edl.j. S^/nptomes oftheminde. Memb:r.Siibf,3; 

^,demeUn. thiijkes this kinde of melancholy, which is a little aduft with fomc i8 3 

mixture ot'blood, to be that which ^rrftotlemtsLXM^ when hee faidnielan- 

choly men of all others are moli witty ., which caufech many times a diuinc 

rauirhment , and a kinde of Enthttftafmus^ which Itirreth them vp to bee ex- 

ceUentPhilofophers.Ppcts Prophets,&c. ^tfr^m^/^ f<?;^?/?/i'io. Piii^^ 

fiance m a young man his patient, languine melancholy, "^^/^^r^-^/w;,^ ^^/gay^ ^udt- 

exceUcntly learned^ t'mu ^ 

If it anfe from choler aduft, they arc bold and impudent , and of a more }^lbl£lntn^ 
hairebraine difpofition, apt to quarrell , and diinke of fuch things, battles, fdunt fe&aim, 
combats,and their manhood/urious, impatient in diOiomfcj ftiffe, irrefraga- 
bie and prodigious in their tenets , and if they be moued, moft violentjOuc- y%Zafubtita 
ragious^ ready to difgrace, provoke any, to kill themfelussand others, & ignea^amtk 
noUm addes, llarke mad by fittsy they pepe little ^their vrine is f StUe and 
^ery.(GuUneripis.) In their Jits you ^^lU he^ire them fpeake all wanner of 
kngmges^Hebreyv^ Greeke and Latine^that neuer vpere taught or knevp them 
before. Ly£p^onenfis in com, in Frofecrtp, fpeakcs ofa mad woman that (pake ^ y,^^, , ^ 
excellent good Latine; and knew another j that could prophecy in her a AdUc per- 
fit, arid foretell things truely to come.^^ Guianerim had a patient could make ^"Tducmuit 
Latinc verfes when the moone was comburt, otherwifc illiterate, ^vicenna IZdauliqZ}' 
and fome of his adherents will hauc thcfc fymptomcs, when they happen, to ^« tolerant^ & 
proceed from the divell,and that they are rather da:>noniacit poflefled, then 'ZTixa'cZi^^ 
mad or melancholy, or both together, as lafon Pratenjis thinkes, Immifcent audmt & ad 
femaligen^ficc. but moft afcribe it to the hum jr, which opinion O\'tontal-V^'^^^^'^ 
ttts cap.2 1 . ftifly mai ntaines,confuting Avicenna & the reft,refcrring it who- quamam ha- 
\y to the quality a^id dilpofition of the humour and fubkdi.Carddn de rerum »» tormen 
var.lib.S.cap, 10. holds theic men of ail other fit to be a(!afinats,bold, har- b^rS"^Il'f«- 
dy, fierce,and aduenturous, to vndertake any thing by realbnof their cho- temtiment,& 
lev aduik,^ This humor, (akh he, prepares them to endure death it felfe^and'^'*^^^^^"^^^: 
all maner of torments with invincible courage , and' tis a vpomder to fee [h'^jJiuudmrn 
vpith what alacrity they will vndergoe fuch tortures^ *vt fupra naturtm res dihgunt^conu^ 
1/ideatur: he afcribes this generofity, fury, or rather ftupidity, to this aduiU- ^-^l^C^^t^' 
on of choler and melancholy; but 1 take thcCc rather to be mad or dcfperate, e^T-c? 
then properly melancholy , for commonly this humor fo aduft and hot,de- ^ ^ 
gcneratsmtomadneflc. _ ^ trifles, de fepni. 

If it come from melancholy it fclfe aduft, tho/e mcOjiaith Avicenna ^ are chru fimmantf 
vfuallyfadandfolitary, and that continually ^and in exceffe^ more then ordi- ^!^ff^^ Tjalff^ 
naryfufpitious, morefearefull^and haue longy fore, and moft corrupt Imagma- mamss, \a^icl 
3Pw»/;cold and blacke,bafhfull, and fo folitary , that as ^ ^rnoldus writes, 
They will endure rio compauy^ they dreams ofgraues jiill^ and dea^ men, and vidmrnorilf^ 
thinke thsmfelues bewitched or dead:\i\x. be cxtrca!ne,they thinke they heare choi nigm & 
hideous noyfeSjfee and taike ^ with blacke m€n,dnd converfe familtarly with 'jf^r^"^ 
diitells^ and fuch flrange chimeras ayid vifions, ( G ordonius) or that they are \n(i%, " 
polleiled by them, that fome body talkes to them, or within them. Tales me- vismsii 
Uncholicf plerum£ d^moniaci^ Montaltus cmfil.26. '^'^^<^^»fi^'^^l^fc^s 
deTaranta , had liich a woman in cure; ^ that thought j^je had to doe with \ semper fae 
the diuell: and Gentilis Fulgofus qujdjl, 5 5 . writes that hee had a melancholy ^'^^^IF^ mmm 
friend, that ^ had a blacke man in the likeneffe ofafouldier, ftill following him f'^*" 
wherelbeuer hee was, z:-4»rr»riAi frf^. 7. hath many ftories of fuch as haue 

A a thought 

Part. i.Sed.3. Symftomes of Melancholy, Mcmb.i.Siibrj.' 

184 thought thcmfelucs bewitched by their enimies 5 and fome that would eatc 
no meat as being dead Anno 1 5 50 an Advocate of>^r^ fell into fuch a me- 
rci'LC l^ncholy fit, that he belciued verily he was dead, he could not be perfwaded 
otherwife,ortoeateordrinke,tillakinrmanofhis, aSchol.'cr of 
did eate before him, drefled like a corfc. The flory, faith Serres^ w^s aded 
in a Comoedy before Charles the ninth. Some thinke they are bcafb^wolues, 
hog^cs,and cry like doggs, foxes^bray likeafles, and low like kinc5as King 
hj^j«/tf»jw«.pr^/i/ daughters. ^ Hiide^eimjpkel.2' de Mania ^ hath an example of a 
mdJur&*'t ^^^^^^ affededjand Trincauelim Ub.uco^ifU. 1 1. another of a noble 

^orru]\tam, man in his country, ' that thought hee was certatnely a be aft y and vpouldtmi- 
vt ^rati flue, fate mft of their voices^ with many fuch fymptomes , which may properly- 

be reduced r, r r , ' 

&iuiima^' Ifit proceed from the icuerall combinations of thcie loure humours , or 
tttrum^aimu (pi^i^o fjercJe 54^,addes, hot.cold.dry.moifLdarke, confufed,fett!ed,con- 
m effingit. ftringedjas it participates of matter, or is without matter, the lymptomes 
are likcwife mixt. One thinkes himfelfe a giant,another a d warfcjone is hea- 
vy as lead, another is as light as a feather. Marcellt^ Bomtm lib, 2. cap. 41, 
k omma » "^'^'^^^ mention out of Seneca^ of one Seneccio a rich man, ^ that thought him* 
futabat.vxoremf^^fr every thing elfe he had,great: great rvife^ great horfes, could not abide 
magHm.gran- latle things ^ but rvould haue great pots to drinke in^ great hdfe^ and great 

torrMt'^emia 1^^^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^^ fi^^* ^'^^ ^ ^allianHs, that fuppoled ]^ee could 
farva, magna fhake all the world with her finger y and was afraid to clinch her hand togc« 
fKuia^caice- xhQ^ j^^Q fhould crufh the world like an apple in peeces: or him in Ga- 
nm^a^ pe i ui ^^^^ ^^^^ thought he was ^ Atlas and fufiained heauen with his (lioulders. 
U.ib,i.cap.i6. Another thinkes himfelfe fb little, that he can crcepe into.a moufehole: one 
di'JtTp^^Za ^^^^^ heauen will fall on his hcad:a fecond is a cock, and fuch a one " Guia. 
mundmcontc- nerifu faith he faw at Padua, that would clap his hands together and crowe. 
ms'uHinet hu ^ -^"^^^^"^ thinkcs hc is a Nightingall,and therefore fings all the night long; 
merii 'JimcU another hc is all glafic, a pitcher, and will therefore let no body come neerc 
^tiante, him, and fuch a one t Laurentius giues out vpon his credit^ that he knew in 
time!^' FJ'^^ce.chriJlophorm a rega caf.7,Mb, 14. Sckenkius and Marcellus Domtus 
nCap'i.Tra^i. Hb.i.cap. I. h^uc many fuch cxamples,and one amongft the reff of a Baker in 

butter, anddurffnot fit in the 
luJcmTml^ ^^innc , or come neerc the fire for feare of being melted : of another that 
oTniiiantu. thought hec was a cafe of leather, fluffed with winde. Some lau^h, weepc, 
ica^.i. demsL f^j^g ^^.g ^qj^^^ deiedfed, moped , fome by fits, others continuate, &c. 

.Some haus a corrupt eare, they thinke they heare mu(icke, or fome hideous 
noifeas their phantafie c6ceaues,corruptcyes,fome fmellingrfome one fenfe, 
pAnthtnyVey. fome another. P i^w// the eleueiith had a conceit euery thing did ffinke a- 
q clp iemsl odorifetous perfumes they could get, would not eafe him, 

'"^ ' hut f^ill he (Inelled a filthy flinke. A melancholy French Poet in q Laurenti- 
us ^ being ficke of a feuer, and being ttoubled with waking, by his phyfiti- 
ans was appointed to vfei'»^»(r»/««?^fi»/>«/(?«w to anoint his temples- buthc 
fb diftaftedthe finell of it, that for many ycares after,all that came neerc him 
he imagined to fent ofit , and would let no man talke with him but aloofc 
off, or weare any new clothes, becaufe hc thought flill they f nellcd ofit ; in 
all other things, wife and difcreet, would talke fenfibly, ftue oaely in this. A 
Gentleman in Lymfen^ faith ^^atony Verd€t4r,^2LS perfwaded hc hadjbut 


P art . I . S^Qi' 5 . Sjmptomcs of the minde. Mcmb. i . SubC4 

one leggc, affrighted by a wild boare,ihat by chance ftrokc him on the leggc: l8> 
he could not be fatisfied his iegge was found (in all other things welU vntill 
two FrAncifcAns by chance coming that way, fully remoued him from that * 
eonccipt. Sed abrndcfAbutarum aiidivimus, 

S V B S E C T. 4<, 

Symptomesfrom Education^cufiome^ continuAnceoftime^ oht 
condition^ixt with other difeafes, by Jits, 

Noiher great occafion of she variety of thefc fymptomes , pro- 
ceeds from cuftomejdifcipline, education, and feuerall inclinati- ^ ^"fint'm 
on, ^ This humor rvilL imprint in melancholy men the obtecis ^"^'^^ 
mojl Anfwerable to their condition of life^and ordinAty Anions ^ 
difpofe men Accordingto thetr feuerAlL ftudies And cAllings, If any ambitious 
man become melancholy, he forthwith thinkes he is a King, an Emperour, a 
Monarch, and walkes alone, pleafing himfelfe with a vaine hope of fomc fu- 
ture preferments, or prefent as he fuppofeth, and with all ads a Lords parr, 
takes vpon hirn to be fome ft atefman or magnifico, makes congies,giues en- 
ter tainment,iookes bigge,&c. FrAncifco Smfouino records of a melancholy 
man in Cremw^ that would not be induced to beleiue, but that he was Vope^ 
gaue pardons, made Cardinals,&c/ chriftophorus a r<?^4^makes mention oUiib. 3. eap^u^. 
another of his acquaintance, that thought he was a King,driLien from his 
kingdome, and was very anxious to recoucr his eftate. ;. A eouetous perfbn 
is ftillconuerfant about purchafingoflands and tenements, plotting in his 
minde how to compafTe fuch and fuch Manors,as if he were already Lord of, Jj/ti 
and able to goe through with it; all he fees is hiSjTC or fpe^ he hath deuoured navn invirem 
it in hope, or eKs in eonccipt efteemes it his ownej like him in ^ ^^then^f^s^f^^^^f^'^' '^ 
that thought all the fbips in the hauen to be his owne. A lafciuious inAmora- 
to, plots all tlie day long to pleafc his miflreffc, ads and flruts, and carries 
himfelfe as if ilie wer e in prefence, fiiil dreaming of her , as PAmphilus of . 
his or as fome doe in their morning fleepe. " MArcellm 

tus knew fiich a Gentlewoman in MAntuA^c^Wcd Elionora Meliorinafim ^^^'^ ' ' " 
condantly beleiued fhe was married to a king, and ^ would kneele downe dr x Gmibmflex- 
tAlkevcithhim^AsifhehAdbeenethereprefentvoithhiSAffQciits^ And iflh 
hAd found by chjince a pecce ofgUjfe in a mttck-hill or in the [lreet^{he wouldfiy yeiam um\'ur-_ 
thAtitwASAtevffflfent from her lord Andhiisb And. Ifdeuoutand religious, '^^''^'^^j^ 
he is all for failitig, prayer, cerimonies, aimes, in terpret:ations,vifions,pro- ^^y^Sfc*- 
phccics,rcuelations, xhe is infpired by the hoiy Ghoi, full of the fpirit: one inflatus^ 
while he is fined, another while dam led, cr fhll troubled in minde for his f l"/'^^^;].^ 
finnes, the diuell will tirely hane him, &c.more of thefc in the third Partiti- btl^auft mfu- 
onofloue Melancholy. ^ A Schollers minde is bufied about his ftudies, hee datmimfune^ 
applauded hinifclFc for that he hith done, or hopes to doe,one while fearing f'/^Mioi, 
lobeoLic in his next e<ercirc^ another tvhilc contemning all cenfures, envies aimnonnifi 
one,emulatesa!iochcr , or elfe with indcfuigable paines and meditation, ''/^^f'^f^^ 

confum:shimfcHe. Sooftherd^v^^^ ^^'i^^^i V'^^y -'^^c^'^^^^^ 
mifle and violent iuiprQlfion of the obiect^or as the humoj; it felfeis intended 
' A a 2 Of 

Pare. i.Scd. 5 • Symf tomes of <Melancholj. Mcnib. i .^ubf.4 

i2>6 or remitted. For fome are fo gently melancholy, that in all their carriage, & 
to the outward apprchenlion of others,ic can hardly be difcerned^yet to Acm 
« Gordmui. intolerable biirden,and not to be endured .^^.c/^/^w occult qtudum mor- 
nifeflA^ fome fignes are manifcft and obvious to all at all times, lome to few, 
or reldome,or hardly perceaued, let them keepe their owne councell, none 
W.rhonontx- will take notice or {\x{^zeit\^^\n.rhejdoenotexfrejJem outward jhervthe/r 
primum, nec o- depraued imaginations^ as * Hercules de Saxonia obferues^ but concealethem 
tl'£if!n VP holy to themfelues, and are very voife men^ as I haue oftenfeene, fome feare, 
dmt,&fu':iv\ fome doe not f ear e at all^ as fitch as thinke themfelues kings or dead Jome haue 
ripiudennjjimi, ^Qyg fignes fome fewer fome great fome leJfeSomz vcx,frer,ftill feare, grieue, 
lmi^!uT Iamenr,lurpea, laugh, {ing,wecpe,chafe,&c.by fits (as I haue faid; or more 
muiti fiat fine during and permanent. Some dote in one thing,are molt chiidiflv'^"^ 
r^ge!&mnt ^"^^"s, and to be wondrcd at in that, and yet for all other matters, moft dif- 
OS putant, piura crcet and wife.To fome it is in difpofition, to another in habit; and as they 
^VHteofheat and cold, we may fay of this humour, one is melancholicus at 
mim,^mrl. 0^0, a fecond two degrees leflc, a third halfe way. 'Tis fupcr particular, fef 
quialtera^fefquitertia^2indfuperbipartiens tertian, qmntds^ CMelanchoti.t^ 
b rraaimu. gcc.all thofe Geometricall proportions are too litilc to expreffe it. ^ // corbies 
wuJu'quldl ^^^y h fits ^and goes ^ to others it is continuate, many/'ftith Fauentinus) 
habent, vt etia in Spring and fall onely are molefted^ fome once a ycare, as that Roman ^ Ga- 
nSmair"'^' fy^^^^^ of;^ onc, at the coniundion ofthc AJoone alone, or fome vnfor- 
coZolZio tunate afpeds, at fuch and fuch fet houres and times , like thcfca tides , to 
funt, &c. fome women when they be with child as f Plater notes,neuer othenviic : to 
^Ventmm& <^thers t'is fetled and fixed:to onc led about & variable ftillby that igms fatu- 
nmmna. US of phantafie, like an arthritis or running gout, t'is heere and there, and 
t de mentis. diie- eucry ioynt, allwaies molefting fome part or otherjor if the body be free; 
dli?Je V«wo- in 3 myriade of formes cxcrcifing the minde. A fecond once peradventure 
ribin. in his hfe, hath a moft grivous fit, once in feauen yeares, once in fiue yeares, 
c Gum&tm. ^ygj^ jjjg extremity of madnelTe, death, or dotage, & that vpon fome fc- 
rall accident or perturbation, terrible obie6^, and that for a time, ncucr per- 
haps fo before, neuer after. A third is moucd vpon all fuch troublefome ob- 
ieds, crofic fortune, diiafter and violent palfions, otherwife free, once trou- 
bled in three or foureyeares. A fourth, ifthingsbetohis mindc, or he in 
a*5^ion, well pleafed, in good company, is moft iocund, and of a good com- 
plexion: ifidle , oralone all amort, or carried away wholy with pleafant 
dreames and phantafies^ but if once crofled and difplcafcd, 

'\ Pecioreconcipiet nil nifi trifle fuo, 
his countenance is altered on a fudden, his heart heauy , iikfomc thoughts 
crucifie his foule, and in an inftaut he is moped or v^reary of his life, hee will 
kill himfelfe. A fife complaines in his youth, a fixt in his middle age, die laft 
in his old age. 

Generally f^ JS much we may conclude of melancholy .- That itis^ moft 
pleafant at firii,I (^y^mentis gratifimus error, ti moft delightfomc humour^to 
walke alone,mediratejlye in bed whole dayes, dreaming awake as it were, & 
frame a thoufand phantafticall imitations vnto them felues. They are never 
PrT better pleafed then when they are fo doing,they are in Paradife for the time, 
tenfn^ianda. ab and cannot well endQre ro be interrupt; with him in the Poet, 

r-lpolmeoccidiftismici^nonfervaflis ait 
* / ' you 

Parc.i.Se6i:.3. Symptomesfrom cujlome , Memb.i .Subf.A 

you hauevndonehim^hecomplainesjif you trouble him: tell him what in- 187 
convenience will follow, what will bee the event^ all is one, cam advomi- 
tnm, t tis fo pleafant^he cannot refraine. Hee may thus continue peradven- ^ pacu^^dfilcf:- 
ture many yeares, by reafon ofa Ikong temperature, or lome mixture of bu- fm /ivemi. 
finefle, which may divert his ::ogitations: but at the iart Ufa Imagination his 
phantafie is crafed, & now habituated to fuch toycs, cannot but worke ftill 
like a fat, the Sceanc alters vpon a fudden, Feareand Sorrow (iipplanc thofe 
plealing thoughts, ftilpition, di(content,and perpctuall anxiety fucceed in 
their places, fo by little and little, by that fhoeinghome of idlenefle, and 
voluntary folitarincfle, melancholy thisferall fietid is drawn on, q^itantum 
vertke ad auras OBthereMj tantum radke^ in Tar Ura tenda^ it was not iCorpuicada- 
Co delirious at firft, as now it is bitter and harfh: a canker'd foule macerated verofum. 
with cares & difcontcnts/*^//«w ^'/■^^-impatience,inconftancv,irrefoIution, ^ti' ^^''^^""^^ 
precipitate them into vnlpeakable miienes. They cannot indure company, f,,* te^mume 
light, or life it felfe fome, vnfit for adion, and the like, i Their bodies are ^»^»^^- 
leane and dryed vp,withered3 vgly, their lookes harlli, very dull, and their ^J^l^fJ/J^ 
foulestormentedjasthcy aremoreor lefle intangled,as the humour hath Wfaiiicx ma- 
beenc intended , or according to the continuance of time chey haue beene '"''^ 
troubled. h'qHMfqH<t_ 
To dilccrne all which fymptomes the better, ^ Rhafis the Arabian makes cerde concc^'u, 
three degrees of them. The firrt is^fal/a cogitatio^ falle conceipts, and idle 
thoughts;tomifcon{ler,& amplify, aggrauaring euery thing they conczaw^ uayi^ii.neqjan- 
or feare; the fecond h^falfd cogitata loqui^ to taike to themfelues, or to vfe in^ ''re"dk\uTefi 
articulate, incondite voices ,fpecches, abfolete geflures, andplainel