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Full text of "A Document Reviewing Sikh Militant Movement"



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HofWU fe^cT feu^ 1 1 feor-|li3T 
(unifonnity) ^ rHJ^ %S"- gt?;3T 
(diversity) ^ ^'-^A' Hoim 5" 3Ul" U"i 
HiWl" ^TEkrfeJHi" €" >Hn4Ht feHf3>>F 
F HW fe^, fe^ ^ 5" y3H ^es" 
>H3" fe"? f?t 51" 3WK IhT^ ?t 

flirf , fe^" 5^ # HH?^ 3 nfe" ^3S" 
^ ™yut F^^TT w 'g>>i" ^^55" 3" 

^ ¥3" ■feUT" 1 1 >>fflcr" TOT >Ht »133" 
TT^fHoT, J^HWt, sfiHiyl 3 ^Kl" 
^lyl-difd^ §", ufeW" ^^ fe[3" ^ 
IJIR" "S" fecT 1^ STf5" IW*" ^1^3- g- 

Frnj?7 3" R^H" hofW era" fer 3" I 

fell" feoT 337 T^ul" I fePT ^ fer T^fUH 

w¥}"U"fTm"5"f5m"^3^>}WM3tr 

iF^ g^W 5" 7775" Ut 5?" ^^^"-Wl" 
3^1»f"3""^dd'rd4f"^rAddd 143^^ 
¥I"TTO1"&I -n^^RUtW d'or3+ 3 3?T3- 
^ 3^3^ ?3" 3t" UTT, H >Hnj^ 
3TTlcfl" 3Tcf3" 3" ygfdlddl ? ^, 
lL|^fdl<!:dl sJiyldird'^5"flH"ye'c< 
m^, >H3" ofHt" ?13p" f^ ?t ^ 3 
UHSt S" Ul" HWl>>rve els' H32" Ht ^ 

gjT >wf3>>ra" ora" 3tr UTTi ny-fus^ 

(pluralism) ^-H'^<Sd'(diveraty)3" 
HfjiHlWd' ^ ^T^TT" >>ffl" fe3f 
ddlAddl 3 3T7^ ?1" H'KH' f3" 
fcdi'feoi 3U % 3rT^ ITUf ^ I 
fyfddiH 5t>>r^U'di<^i fetjo(id>)ffl" 
feu' aTHHoTH" fWl" S" I >)ffl^ HH F^ feU" 

ng-fiw^et u^ # tfTFT 3ar "3 



m 



iJ5T^argg-"fcF&l 



WqcT^TH^- 



fS^ yofdlddl ^BHT ^t>Hi- ©HcTF 3" 

afer I argrarr uwl" s" 5433" ti^^uH- 

^ >HT^g^ fecTH 3- d'rlAldq!- 
>>W^^H>Hr, fe^ FI3", ddcf'Klfi TOT 

»ragcry3^>)WoiH-^'diH^l ^<fd» 

U5" 5ref3>>fEt" (centralized) cj^^ytfl- 

d'HHl-UH'HfAcJ ^T^ 5" ^W^{f 
rTHU^I^ra' (formal democracy) 3" 

fw H^Mnr ^^ ^TFt' I c<idldHl 

u^orvr 5" fefl" fe^'dqidc<- d ' Hcsldof 
Lf^s'^'ddl ^^gg3"RT^^3crn", 

TTT3t>Hi-, >>f5Hfe3" 5ratfe»p-, »f# 

fiftr §■ s^, ¥^ F ujc'Tdiddl 
crafHcrd'ylid'rd»F"5-feT^?B"^te 

f3?r etrfspjf" 3^ WU^ d'^IAldd 

^q3"5^T^5y3 'g" FTgff St f?jg# I 
>HTftf^>tr '^ >>fT5r ^^dTT 

at^t^ ^<id1W" 5T FTOH^ oCSTP- 
3'5tef3>>rFr^ffiTrg^^T^feFr 'iJtT 

FFst cfrn^T^' HT^ff f graW 3" 

ydt:JdMdl 5"tr3K^ fHaHF§UT»f 

un? "3-. %i, m^^mm^f^ 

3Mfg>>r! fe^, SjidldH uw}"^ 



(S'^'irl'' f^ §3^ |5"' 3" ?gg" ^ TJW 
HHH^ ^33" fepjf >H3" OHtJ'' >HHffl', 
'HfJoT HW" ^■'W foldtl'd I433lf |U 
'^>>f^§iTOra' U" feP>f"l fer ST7F" 
fHF 3?ffe3t fnr >>fIFg- §■ 3i3t" ^T7 
y^T 3funf I fFT", lTg3" »fe3" WK 

feg^ 3 sw UF, ira" ^jfeg" >iw vras" 
tr ^ fire" yAd<^'tJ e 37^77 ^ 
>HJtfe»r V Jjr- ^ fe ?K aat 3 

? feH" HU"-fl3' ^UT ^ ^ftr^ HUB" 
oiidIdH Uwt W ^ 

'q3K-f7^gi;y3T"' ?t- Cfe^ dddli 

fewl" ^ ?ran", 31" fS5^ UFTll" S" 
.f33t PTTT >>R[^i" c?t^ gHTT ftWF I 

§R^ 'traH-feauy3^?gErar?r?rat 

^^ fe»r" I f% fesgy^ ? 3?V7 5" 
MHj^ n? aw!" Hs^gi" khI" ^3^5 
^ yiJ<sld ?7f«", fn^, fiw ^ s" 

fyiddi dPtJl HfeR-yrJ^ld 3"%-?f^ 
^3& ^ fW ^ RTUH^, >}flfSl- MTS" 

3HP?r5"ydo;did gtf^gl' ttd i ^l g^ 
crarr fe>}f" y^ crt3Ti d-^'fydl 
>m^ wlcJdrHLT ^t>>r ^tP" HHHinr- 

(iiiherenf) Emwl>H+ 3" FftvF^i" F 

aKgtfeTrrijrddiHoi' Rg-gT OAd i d 
3gr^ w^ §Fi- w §u^ s" 1^ 
fea|ry3"? fea'u? §3 yua" ?^ra" 

^5B5-cra-fe3^i 

6i'dldHl TFoOr 5t ftf^ 

ara^ f^ ?d"3'd" ^ ys", §U7?- s" 

HfiraftU'3THl"l'FIUj-l|fd<^id'??r*-77Tff 

^K HU3" hI- (3" S' ) I §UFi" F ferr 

fegf fei' S" fUf ^ 5" ^ fufiwr 
^ fdJH'Jl ^3\W fHfe>>ri 5'dldH 

vTB^t ^ ynfora- fei nt" fe- ©u- fiw 
an IJ3!" 3i" ?TT ^ ^ feg^" w >>fa[s^ 



(inherent) 5r>fg"Efrn+ 3 
aK ^ fETT ryfdd'HcJ S3 

fe^fy^ e feet 5f ^ 

Hwf?, Fen g" fHU nt 
i'33t ^ e^ yirtH«l 
d-^ilydi e^ #^ gwF Era" 



?'?H H- fsrsr 'fiff 
wHt 3^ 3" I mftT?^ 

U^W §^ fMWt dd'dl 
cTgraH UWl" ^ H^7 

WHW'-^' Few st^h^ 

©J, gS", fScT ^ feST 



^g^^3lf3'5tK3"3"HH§dl Ht!o(', 
§3", fFT l^ 'FPy Vfe^i^ fifeT ^q^ 

fegf g^Ft>>n" >H¥fe>>r^ ^ Fit era" 

HSret I §H^ for HHfsW 3" ffW 

w Adld' fen fe?fe»rfe'§u'^ 

U'H^lufe»f fe^'fST^HK'UfS'fdliJl 

^ fH OdiJ ' -hit 3" Ad'tidil ^ Hff g 
?5Ft I V yFT ^ fHTT ST f"4H'K 
HSH' W^ UT7J3- ^ c^idldH Lra^t 
Ht>K*'H:?<"5' afest 3"feg^H3T ^ 
tj^^^jtt fW TToT fe^T I f^ra", 
HHi'H'^'tll tV ^ FFt 31^ ^gW tTT^" 
H^cT >)fgg? fed'H ^ 'Afo^-^it/l 
WWE' U^" # UJ3 g^tnf*" 35" fePH^ I 
c/'dldHl >H^HpJr FrUH3"U3' MWl" 

d'^'fedl »r3gor ?r!Ht ?r# fe^r 

33'-fe^i ddcS tfe^a^^yl tl'd' 
SUt ift 3fij feT»r- 1 'Sftra^^ HT^75" 

Ft H351" ^ §" fu-gvts" 5:277 era" 

H^ '>HdtltJ'd' (mariiet ecaiomy)S" 

fHxr3' 7^ f'lGm 3^ fe3T 1 g^rfte' 

Qe'dlofdrt^eoxiomic liberalization) ^i" 

i|3ran4 H^H3^ fmj- ^ cr7^^3^ 

nfy^>fc!o(l Adl-H (Ic^cal oaidusion) 

'3 U3^ f3P>r I ferr 7n^ oraidH 

UT3el"^d<^irydl HH^^oT ^331^, WTTT 
5(3^ HTIKH 3 3T3k 3?ra" ?T 5fe>>r" 
yfe>HT V0 ^ W3r 3 f3P3f >H3"§3<^ 
^ ci'dIdH VWtf S?3T3t >H??f%^ 
a[fu fe3t I ferr FfH# Uf^^-^TH S" 

tdd'fb[>>r*" ^ s^ (Tw 3^ cfg^ 

35+ fe>>r' Hfe>)f" I 

cj i d i dH iP3?t gt fe? g3gT;r 

f3f oldd<^iidl d'cJdi ?5Ft" -^ddiA 
H3^ H3^ U"! f;7 ?t>>r ??fiI3*" fen 
3TTrT# ¥7?T>>f §3" fz^^Ni- FTTg" 



^ifh>r tF HcreW" 35"! or^s" 

H3- 3" 3t-, 3'33- §■ fear 'fi5f 3*03^ 

feirfer "g" f3>HT3^>F fe^ g^^T" 
3hI>h*" U(T I >mj^ wft uTH^ ?^T7f ^ 

tei", ^ dtj'tj fed lj3to cr33 
V^ c?3^ >H3" ^ feMOit iiw4\' 
H^^tJoi 3^cra- Qhi3 77 fWl/feTT' 
3|-3tft H.^ttd i 3^Hgcra-f^3gJ-3l 
RHM-^'tJl lf3tq'§"frwtaf3^USW 

nf3 oraraJT Lr33l" ^W 1h^*3^ ff5+ 

e ^ti^" W^S" STfT, ftfe o(<id<^it!l 
d ' oicj i g^Wg^ 93^ H'id.dl'd 
ff? f3>>r3' 3 31^1" 3" I ofidIdH VWt 

eRor3 3"fy3^ PTTff §3?r Etnr 

§Htei" 3 KittHi'^' fer Hre3"?3^ 
§5>}r 3?^ fe", f3", 3^, feoT ^ feS" 
FTfe>}f- oft§- fei", ^ ^# 5" 3W3" 

'3' fe3nH^ 3? khI" Pyoy tt 3 

33^^3771 

fed ' dU i dd 3- B'BHfecr £f33T, f3f 
H3" 5" 3t" W^S W fecT >r33 H^^hI 
3-Hfeorn3KHS3T,felW^|r '313^ 
3" 'g^Hf TWHtJdH'd, fR5->MTU^ 
3HW^Htr^-rAH'A' yi'Oi'; fw 
II3H" HH3" W 3^HB"^H33g" 
UgT^ I" rraW, §3;^ I" f3f H3" 
? Ut" i?- nfefF ^ W cI3AT, W 
fef'/fJJf-HHr^ldT ^ y53-HdiHldl 
F H^Ie" ¥^33' »>fe3 f3f n3H ^ 
g^3t-3f33" HT^U^ (autiiority) 3" 
>Xt^Mt!idl TWH3 Qr3^ 3" I 

f<^d 'i gx r 3cf -tJ'aHrAc< irH# s" 

dMtSTiTof frrfe^T" (political 
implications) S" HH¥^t 3 fe*^ ^ 
d l Jldd' f-U ^ i dA ' 933-^^3^31 
533 feoT : fer 1133^ F33'"»fe3 % 
t]3K 3r fe5+ 33- feH" ^ q3K et >>f^ 
3 Hddd 3^ 5" ydtJ'Hd oTH^ f' 
fe<So('d1 3 I feTT Hd'yoi 3i3-fijf 
ir3fH5r s^'aldifd^JT ^ rT 3r H^HTT 
TJ^ofdA* cT^ ^3^ d'Jl'€'' 3 ^JlH t?" 
fe3^^ §■ ¥^33^ 3^ H^tra" qcT %^ 



w 



^^dfraw, HTO-, tort 3- f^ ^ 

3" Hfdccd ^ ^^ >}feg- 'sfe- cT^ 

^3^ STF 3" g^orf- s^»raHT# t fug- 
?rgT 5- : g^TTH^ cg i tJ pT feu- 

f'^^'dU'dcT-SidHrAcr ir3^ gr^B" 
Ft 0^ 3" HfecT g-dtd'Hd ^^?7 3" 

WH^^T^ FTfe>>iit(idcr gcfr fw 

?r^ feg, grg^ 5|- RHUt ;T?i3^ fi- 
3'o(d'- ^ W cTF Ht^fti" ^H" 5^33- ^ 
Hf¥»rF'Sor t^-H-^Aar- (cultural 
dJ vei-sit\' ) Ft OT?' HS^-^fest U WW 
3i- fePfS- §J, R 3313- tFFt>KJ- UI7 , 

§Fr "f^u??"?!" ^T^t mh?53' tra" ^ir 
feF ct3^' Fi" F^^nfe m^n ^ 

(assuiiilatory diaracter) 3" ^FTT Ft 

?rst F" fej vR??i- |u ira^TT^ ?^ I 

"?^3^ f%F >HAc(d'"' (diva-sity in 
iniitN') F^ pr ei)Hl<^'t/t FiofTW >M^ ff 
M'F^FI ?^ feu^ SF FI3F*" gr^ 
FUH?^^ Ft fe, W^-UT§-fe rt ' H.<^1 , 
Ut 3UVTO" PFt &■ I IJ3" >Hnj^ mft^T^ 



F%>}r fer »{Fi3^T^ ( uiiitanan ) 5^", 

^'as' F >H?5gr >hkht itoIh^, ^WFt 

3" RfejJfiFTgoT 3T^tFl3»r' ??et t(3i' 
Ft l4?t ^ SUt, le^ Fi" ?f5" «3cn@Fr 

tl fHH IfHF F Hmjtf, fe d A ' 

^idl^d'fd'jr nfFT nfOf^ fF3T Ft 

H7?TH3t lf3t fur Hdci'a (concern) 
QF"&1gui"5"[ F'g3"F>>i3">>S"FW 

>HFB" dddiyt g^- 5ut»r" fe?pcrfet 

^'■^d' (r^onal forces) felT HBcTB" 
Ft>>r'l43torus-l »^3'>^f3■%SUftF^>^^■ 

'FrfWid'do; g- rt'^ ' dl^ ' 5" 

H7^ ^T^ fETT ffTTft U /idddl f, 

fywocyl 3Tor3+ u^ c^T? f%tii §• 

g^3tnfi- F^ FTUH^ cra^ u feF g- 1 

(assert) ^^fm^T^HF 3" H^F, 
Ffef >ife7, F^U3" F U3" ^^ gW" 

'■HFB' ^ ?^ ?r^ ^\w m^^TP^ 
Oft- & 3Ft>>F u?r I ^^^-^ 

'yHoT' gW >}feg- ^, gr^JH^^T^ Ft>Hi" 

Mdlo( dio(d' Mn4st^tratHfg'>rF'Bcr 
v^T^ F Fcrt ajFT^ F^[ 
H^FHS^-^ H^mfenfj- few >wraF^ 
3? g^ gFt>Hi" fydcs-i" fett'ccyt ^'cra*" 
Ft #5^3- ^ >r3" 3 ^fe>>rFt ^T?" 

^^■^T f37r: H;TgrHA<^iF F^" felT 
fe^idLI'dof- ^fdHpAd U3^ grgg- ^ 
H^ >HFT m^i&^ HT^cfi- U3t, tm" 
^-?# JJifc^Hd'A ftf^T^ ?7S73- ^ 
FHH^t Ft>>r- FT^?r^ §■ U??iBJ|- ^ 

»# FH" ¥3- >HFg' H'-^A-^'F Ft sfoB- 
f^W, UJ^rdlddlnfT §3 tjfdMd §■ 
^fUH3" Ft sret irt^" Ft dcT^ RF 

3 ufeast §■ 3fr Iff^ Fi fet 33- fe- 

^^ cffeotT HF¥t 1FF^33T >jIF3" 

fegf F§s" 13^1^ F mrjTr Hssr 
^fearfeuTTi ujz fdiidl ijT^fHor 
^^HtFTfenr w tu?- ^ggr >3fe3Ht>Ht 

ffHFHt 3" fyAH'S- UHF 3^3+ 5" 



frra" §■ gfeitr fer 

'M'^^'' 3- ^'■e')■ 
{ unitarian ) 9W, gig? 
# wrar >H7rai 

§'Fte'f3>>r ?ret tra^ 
5t uj?t gt suf , yst 

ferr y3¥ ^ hsw, 

>jfeg" >>rv^ fuH*" el" 

iracrg { concern } U^ 
gfetF^-i I 



gfe>Hr 3few or feF 
3"! fetT ftre" HVTtT 

jjfeg >>rfe>Hr ^y| d Id- 
ysf'fed fed I'd ?«ff 

53B3- cfer tTi- IR I 

( social stratification ) 
w fsn HHyyt ^ra"" 

^H^y^^ fe\jo('d 
TOT cralH^ yfeddd' 

fHK^ I 



>>rfrnJWi" sihI-^i^I or^gl^ ^ 

gg^KB" 3" fe^^ 7^^ fetlJ cfH<^ 
fife- feacTl^^d'oic!' 

■^rt d i dd >Hg?^'Ml dMc<ifeHcra7r 

?5Ht HH^ fUf HVfrT ^ fe g? cra?r 

ufd-^'d' ^t'jr' >H3- >HF ?^f^t*>r" fen 

oTHTT fe^ HddldHt J^T?" ^Z^}fi" 
HT^'-VTHt X|d<i'rtl fW HHTrT ^ 

urar- ojd i' dd ' 3^ 3t H^T^ SS3 
ir §3^-033^" t;^ 35H3" cfeT fF 

Fra" I HVFtft t!dH'-t^ (social 
stratificatirai) 5^ fer HHyyl ^^^ 

§fe»fF & 1 foTH" irafvra' SHH5" ^ 

H^yHT f-iijcjid nffrra" ii^-H^ 

Udtj i AddtS ^>Hf^fH H'M^(Sl' >r- 

5" 37 fefr iraK i^^" ^ i>w^ I 

d'ddl HK^TT >>fe3 H^^ # 
»W3tH'^dAH'dl*>r^3q3'ydc<d'a 
a^t&l ^ F lUTF^ ;^^ fe^sl" 

Ut? fd l <g3 t3^gtJ'<^^ feOAi '^^ 
tr^i"' ^ FTVrfiT^, d'lHAldd 3 
UHmfeoT fe?*" WB" >Hai3t VraKB' 

>>raH' 5?T^ ¥^33" 5" >H'ggor, HHTfe" 
3"Hfe»f^^gor ie^ 'iW ^TU^^Mi" 
>HftlK HTOfehf" ^ 5^ >>ffTTUtn{i- 
HHTtft d'cidi §■ WW" I" g??" 3" 
§dH'd VWt>>r oTB" fen^ t fe" 

H<^d(SHid1>}r ^ gw 3 >}f?R5^ 



ora77"ij"'fgui"3 I 

HUlAlofdA" 3" 5^ ^ y^t 5" t?Wid 
'3 fe3?3 ^33F 5t tfteS" WJl" >>fe3 
>HfeKdytJlttlH">H*^3'l>HidMo( tJH' 

31 wsw3t, '?^y3f ?77r§Jf 

?1- 3^ '>M ^Wfi" d'o^di' ^ 
3f3H'-craK % pAd^d' 3 9" 3f3 ^ 
31 MOf^" f33i' Ht" 3^ FS^I" K^>ra? 
33^, fe^ ?g3F ^t- >HiHdtJl K3- 

g^ 3TBt 3 1 ferr ?rTW fe?7 ^ggp- €t 

gr^mt HS"-p", 3TcT3" 3 y3T3" W? 



■#>{*■ 



3 nrgfecT 33JS^ ^ fey ^331 
3^3'§HafF5"^^UK'di fe3^3l 
fe3" ^3HT, fe»r^ 333", 'laS^tMi^ 
W '^Bf^PJfTit'H^ (intemiediatory) 
TTT3+ 7P-R HHUd 377 I 33 fcj 
H-^dtS-tFH^JT ^ §3^ # HMH 

y^T^- 33^ 3 Otter §3 gtys" 75^ 
3T# STif 3^ I f<7 *>te3", >)ru^ 
3W3" 5" f3H^ 7^75" H3^ *? '>FU3t 
H^^T fijTF <#5)iO<t Ht 3^ 3" 
337731- tTWJHtt I 'VBH" "^dd'd',' 
fm^¥^33' ^ d^HAtdl ^HHUt" 
fe>}fcI3^ 3t g^H 1 3y fe3t 3, W 
33- '3rfV3 fe»r7ffnF 3T153* ^ 
l kJ i -^ i d 3lfeTT<^ddid^g'3HgW^ 
dMcT ^^HTTlVFtT #feor B^ oT^H" 
^!np- H3T^ #3 3T? HT3 ^3 fe3l' 
&IFIV# fd^ HVTH >H53 dd'd* TTO^ 
ct 13HU^ >>r f33^ rT^-U^ ^ fe3 
J^rgg-, 33, gW3^T^ dio(d' ^ 
ffl3I3 5T tHB" 3 fegf3>>F 3 1 

(concomitam) fecT 33 >Mf3K few^i'd, 
^^33' F 5fe3" ^33T ^ KSt tF 331" 
3TtT?<t3^ >H3T3^ 3 I Hm f33 
oi'dIdH V^^ 'f? Ira*' g3 3fo3 



'Hyfe»Mcft3l'S"i ggFgl">>i iJlcSdfl , 
ftiecjf trait t, ^ gr^mi-^itdl 

cJ'didH uwt" F tT^->jrTjra >>re? 
^ Hurt s^ tq- I fe^ ^ ftjH 

yiMl-^iiJt %S^ §■ ^ >>fflgUTg- 5^ 
fe§3T, for c^ H?t^ S", fH^t- '^ 

5" F3" J" ?5# ;fe^ vfB" atr for g?¥y3" 

9?^ §" tft >)rfe>>F ^fer 55^ g- 1 

^^^-^dl<idW ?5^ R^nj- HTg3- g^ 

?i- yordiddl ^ Hfrag- yf ^177, ft 
H^33a", ydrdiAdl qrafwcT ^b^t f 

5fe>HT ufE>>f U-| 1947 3" ff ^ gs" 
3^ ^i^H >>t53" tIHUt!>>ra" U TTT 35" 

<^ddifd»Hr JJf? 3^3" >)fe^ HTT ^H 

3tr §5" ^P^ dif'Si" €■ m^^^w^ 

H?^^'ddldM^.dAido('dl3^^3- 
3" mragr j ygr y^ ^ Hjy^ ^ g- 

1947 3" ¥T>n^ 5x^3- >>f5g- 
>HT3Hcr 3" UT^mt" 3Tor3" e- ^f5ttc?H?7 



*3"§Hf3>H^>HdH\J'<f, QVd1c(dA"?tW' 

3'c(d+ 5" fi^%ra" >HT^gcr >HTirg- 
braHl>}rcra^ rfl" 1 uf 5^»^Hgc^■ 
fe^^ 5" Jm H^irB- §■ fH?5l' agwH? 

d'Hcd ^^t??" 3" >>frl'dt"dl' ^ traj^ 
M^ Ho('y« (free competition) 3" 
f5# ^^K" (liberalisation) ^ W^K^ 
UH^wQ'^u- 1 for 77W d tJdlt/g TT 

ci'tldlddA 5t^ dio(d' ^ Ogi- 35^ 

i?Ht?r fyHoTsl' m fr m^t u' [ wg^sr 

3" fenl" HTHfe>)F feB" lHK'fe'3" 
WW 53S" ^ HHU^ >>fHH" fe^^5fe3" 
(decentralize) 3" fer U"! feb(Vd1c/d<7 
§■ feJT 3?T^ |- g^ yST ^^ ^ FI5f^^ 

ci't:' dlofdA Ht>H*" H^Ht B^o[3^ ^'^H 

3w}--ywiHrAcj y33">J?5a- 
^'dldH U^ ^^Jdlc^dA" Ul" W ^oT 

tTAdcj >HTirT^ >H3"nri?T5t mw^ 

?^ STtTF ^W (prestige) ^ 
y^Hd, fej irwt^ THft>>FF|- 
5^d ' 6H ' Jl (centralized governance) 
?^ d iddlcT FE" (tool) TTO3" UHt' I W^ 

fe" fei FF? g? I^T 3" PTcrn^ ^ fepHT 

g'UH.i'^itjl d'oid^feuagg a d ' ddl 
w?3^ tfg^ t Hu^ ?5Ht cr3?JHte 

tTS" I Htl§3" ^IW 3" Hfe? HdeTB" 75?)" 

Hi?f3- ^"efenrct i^get ^h3-3" 

>MfeHt>>f3" §3" W f^IWi" tifsw, 
FWt fl?;3^ VWt" §■ feH" ^ 375" 

HcT HF^ hI" gedd s" gws^T^ 

3^crai- 5t>>F >>TO^ §§■ 5^ yi^ 
fe3^fe3T& M3"foTc?H3-5-yfe»r 
oTTO" ?5Ft §(^ H?" ofT 5^ "H ff^ 

5" fiaeaft" H3" 5^ FP>r?5' H3T^ ;53S" 



HH% filf HHHT S" feoT g^ 

li 



~s 



I 



fe^r tW 5^ ^'dd1 

t? fFfe>ir &fe^, 
feF ?r#- tfT BT> 

S^W^ WcT HFT 
Ft ¥^3"? S" 
^f^TH^'^'^l 3Tor3'' 
5t>KT WH^^ ^t 
S^T IT^ feafoT fe3^ 

^ u? fen omg s" 



3^33" >)feg- 'feoT IJWt" 5" 3^ H fe?r 

Uofte 'fHWdJ^i frao!'<r' (coalition 
governments) S" TOT 5t>)f" ^c^mr 

W'^B' W d'tHHt-HH'HftSci McTHTT 
JTHHt ^TT-Ufe" U^ ^K" ■^Qdl" I 
ftjgfFfebtJ'H ydH'Qti' ttfe'l^^H' 

^T^ TF^ ^J^ I >>raWT3" %^ H 

for w sfipHi", 3W ^ y5Htrfe>irH)" 
5^^^•H5etd|Q^di gr fen tS<^T ?wft 

iFW3" W 'W, aU3" Ut" gg" I (it is fine) 

;=db3r g»farT3" craTTT wte^ u" i 
^ PTF itfH" 3"5HH3t ^ Hw, fnyl" 

§fe>Jf€l" ftWHcT ^y^ 3" few ?r i 
>Hnj3 ^ rSfddd 3" ojtdddl" H?T>>f 
(dthos) WyTHFFuq-, fU5"HH^S^ 

feFT^ fyfddiHo; »f53^ # crei", 
feH§" 'fuf Htr w^ 7?^ fey" |u 'a" 

m Ha^ crfe Rf- flF g^Trt^t fe", 

(dstinct identity) feHtdt >H'iH'e'ft' 
3^t>H3 H ferre" H^HJWtTT" fHTTTT 5" 

iH^^ ofg?r 3" ydt^'Wd cra^ KHt 
3-tf3KofH?r tsgrfer u'lH^^H' 

5^ y!^ H5^ fejf & I %^ ^ 3Wt3cr 

H3Tr 3 >J{HEr HITO' (partial issues) 
^5^ 3U" U^ (3" §S^ dfdidl) fe^ 

HafF HHff OwyQ HMy? aftr h^h 



TTTT IfTSFT ^]g■ F '?HTg^ 5T >H3H 

ye" ' 3" Ut- a^ 7 1 fe^ ftUHTHT olf^^ 

fcITT fer fHS" felT |U fe^ ^^IhF, 
fen^ feiji' cTHt Utfi" (factors) 

F OT" S" I Ffg" §" »ffuK utr, fw ^ 

>H53"IF3fHori"3Ttml -ddA' cS'« rfri 

>}ftret F ;rag" ^ & 1 nrn^^ 
wraopat ■§■ ^|fy3Wi" §■ fed a 'fed 

3U '^ IHT^3" oTBHF I ft^ ^FFf, feM 

fqg- (d'ddl ancTHT) ^ fen hhs" i^ 
iiw gr d<^1y 't ^ Br?t §5" ywra" 

& ftr 3)-n3# UJ3^-^ (international 
devdqjmaits) sfl" glf >Hyf3»M ^H^ 

iHT^H" era? a?r I 

^^^\W era" ^ fefelFTTfeH 

W3' 5HH^ >Hgr^ rP" 5?^ »(fe>Hi' 
?J^ ft^^5^ I fe^ HJfetPT 3"ffiraT3t 

^T>Hfe»r" ^9^ ^ s^ IhtshI' I rf fe 

H3T3- (entreaty) ?^, 3^ '^ H^ ^t 
?^ I >>raT^ yfFt ^ f" Wf 3 oTSTT 

5- 1 fer ^SHf^ F^ u^pfff cra^ ?^ 

^ §">HcrTra' 3H¥T^ ^W SoF ' 

3" 3?^ 3'gHt" fe»r" sfoTnr 'ir ^ 

"t §^ ^ ^ U" 5" fe^ff HoT^ &, 
fHddl , HS" 3" ufUT^I" aw, '>R[5T HH" 
l4S'<*tJl U%, r^lddt >>FV3" UoT 3 
fU3i" W Fra3 U%, ftmS" »n(^ 3K" 
3" §3" 5t >H3 e^r 3" tlHH^ ^ f# 
V^T^ U%, >H3" frrFT^" ?HH^ 7^^ 

B^s-^dMcslddnFttfre-uti 

felT ytr 3 ^ftPHi" fw ^ ^ 
of^ tF iraet I WcT fl[^ >H3Fr 53T?7 

SH>jrF*- s" s/'ddl ^Ton-fT fyTFg" 

HUjgHfe^ddyitSl 3'HgHHr3l"^l>>F 
y ' HHtjl d-^'fed* ?l" weH3'3T^ 



^ 



FT ira^^ fe- fny ug- F ^ ftm- >>w 
'feras" eft ^tn' ^ H^ udd'^ US' 

^Hfepiri^H^ g^as" ik ^ ^ Rjfr wr 
WM^ fRtraef ^«lfe>»r g% y^ 3^ 

(illusions) ^ ftlcrg- u;^ IWi^fea^- 

^B'auttlfwydA' Q3"iWfHITf3cr 

3" ddtnlJl ST^iT ^fsw .^^nv ^ \ 
M^RF 3^ H^ iHtf HUaH" c^ ^ 

FTJt feHT >>firi3>}r9' era" Hcf^ Sr, 3 
forfB^T" PTirfi fWtr KTri" »iw 

3fe'-5?-3fe" ^ fm VK" fr fHU ' dcf 
fHfV>Jr 3 fe-^"dqMcr rl^tffd g ? 
3gT3H^ ;yff Sra" ^ ^ ?PU^ Cfer 

&I 3wt" flUTW3" few g3t^ ^t>}r 
tiJtJ'd" yfuHi- trag^" ejhtjW- OsW" 

?ri feu' 55" crt3' 5ti3" fw %^■ ^ Mflcfi- 
5HT f^ tFi" ^-uyt mjT^ ?Ti" 

fefdO'RoT 3i33HT *JdH'Q t?" t 
fe" >Hft# fty^" Hfenp- §3" ^ ^>>fr 

fTJUFlF nfcTW Mnj^ HtlhM ¥3HT 
§3 Ui" fecret>Kr TO" I felT ?33T feg-, 
W 33" ^, oTOtF- ^6l-^drH<;1» f" ^ 

>Kftp>fnra", fe^^T?r, tTfl", ^ofte", 

'Jddd'd, fel?i1>Ha", 5Tc?3^, fev^ 



H^ UK" I fef U%>Hi"-fefy>>r" ^3HT 
Ut d ftTfT ^75" glB" 5T" fep>FS" 
^33H^ ^ Wt" 3" 3fer 5t 5r75UST 

ust ui w fen s" fiiif ^ ^ ^^ 

t fe" >}ffl5r ^ yulrflWl ^3UT HK 

eI" feiT H3I 3 ^ fg- ygT j^uf §33" 
Rfe>>r I 

Fra" W ?)■ UST^ 3" U5" §■ Hf HHHi" 

y^ ufe>)r r# 3t fmf f'^tJ-^ ' A' r- 

(scholars ) 3" §iJtiq1^>HT(intdlecluals) 
S" Hc?7 fI" §IT U3t H^ ir^lMoT, 
>Hcr5ftior, RHT^, Hfe>Hi^idcr 3" 
3T;¥fl" feu >>feH' 1U3" Ut" B»7^5^ i" 
^^y^ i^dltJ'A irfe>HT" hI"! §u;^ 
¥nTHA«^i^ f%Uq" fe^ ' dll ' doT 
?I^-tiiu5' >>i?u H fenfcfg- 3"if3KT 
fevife>jr", §R ^3" ^ Hfen ul" ]gyu 

^U Hc?^ Ul 0JAT 5W5^^ 3" 
3TUHfe" fetJidiJidi fetJo(id pe^^hfi" 

Q-u^t>>r i^y^" ^W' j^cftgt ^h3" 

fwfbir >H3- fwu HHcCd ^ 53" 

y?^ US' >>fn;ffl" if^T^ uPHi" 3^ 

fWtit 5"fe#^ 33" 3"FIfU g"H3" 

Hgn^ sfei" I >}nr fw ;t?;^t" J 

feW-HRoP3" B" VfU >MFIUr 3" y3fU>>fi" 
y3t" tTUracT cTHS" HUl" §U?ri" »fS5r 
ut FrURt'>r' ftr^ff- (educative)Hfuvr" 

TTute" crt3l>}r i fe©", fntfl- feuq- Rq- 

WH^¥^ >>rut>}f" HHTFft UH" 5^ 
HS7^3^ ySqoT yu fe fe3^ feT>5f I 

ferret 3W^ fe^, fWyt H" 
?3VH">}ffl3" H^^ m fm wj \ ^'i\ 

?UUr, oTT!" frf??T^, TT" fnaig" Ui"-Wt 
ffHoT" fc^'O? 'U »<HHB¥ fer U, 
HUf feHF §5" fufTT>>r" UT" 3ff gU3" ul" 

5Hy3^ u f?7wfe>)r u I ferg- ferr ^3UT 

^ UBHfe" f%UTg^^ ^ yg% ^jfg>j^ 

0;3" fe^ fere" gy fun uruHfs" 

UWNi- g^^M" (reserve forces) W 



fefdj'H fen gfff ^ 

3" HfH y'dl ?fnHfe7»F 
fie^ W3»3' (entreaty) 

Kufi>*n3TW7yel"^ 
^ ^ ^ cre^ Huran 

0^ ^ I fer ^STffst" 

tH^S" WoTHa" d«<^'d' 
d'HAldof nT?1' 3" tT^ 

uti 



f!*- ** g 

WtfT n ^3irs 

fqttTteT 5H3T, 

WW3¥ fer 3", 
ftrfTr»»r ^r tf? 

fen ?^3T ^ 
r^TH cfrarKtH 

(reserve forces) 

¥ftror ka^<*j # 



§■ ^T^ & feg# i fet fen ^33T ^ 

IWHH^f fuidl^'tdl UtJidtl^itil 

ifl", l(§" fet feH# ^ fUH W 

W^ fs" I ^i^ UHB" feurfg>{Ft 
Ht3>}f^^ H^^fFra'SPT fenfyoT ^ 

31t?fe>>f & fcT fiw yUltflWl ^337 ^ 

3or#fuFfeiT fetf^ fe^ aiff 3Tff 

S^d^Wyicil FHt!irJ'd<:^ ^^fSoTim 
S" ttdl^dl fdW't^fil 5" H^ft USt^"] 

i" 1wfl" Tfl^^ Tl^ ^^JT ?fet OT" ^ 
AHidd ^ 3cr hHtB" # 3fo 

3" cJd^'Oil, Wftra- HdidMl'Jr ^ 
hI^a H^ W 75g^ ^fe^ &fH>jr 

1 1 fe>HiAdi="dl, fAMoCK H^ 3" 

o(dyiAl ^ traf wtvrat, udfettl 3- 

5§y^ (meakness) ^ ^ TSHt" d" I fetT 
HHt ^jfe>>P§3" (sdf-promotion) 3" 
fetT §" BHocOi {self- ^orificaticn) 
HI" H3iT ^ ¥5^ H^ |U niyfejJM era" 
fe>}r 3" 1 33 31T 'g", ^c^" fer oritr 

fe>Jr rTT% fe" gij A'AcT >>fHfr ^ 

3" ¥11 fuTT fw yiiltfl-^l ^ggr ^ 

lFfe»>F &, Hi" fei7, felT ¥33T HW 

^¥TMH3tu#afl-| 

feTT f fWy yulrfl-^l ¥33r 

few H^ foTH ^'"^AidfHcT 'W U^ 
H33^»fHffoT^HHT ^tW^^m 

TTe ^ira" s^g? "gs" rr% 3** ^ fe^ 



'ifer^ 3" ^ fw ^ ^ 9^ |r arfirai" 
3^ i^'^d ST ora" au" Sf, 3*" fe^ 

|r HfoW ^ <ra3-->HUT^ cfeT tTT 

HWW >>r tr#, ^ foTH" S7 tF 
feni'fed H«l 5«1 ddji AdT^fiTiTOt'l 

fbfiw*" feBtr ^ fe^ §3^3" l?r §■ 
d'dltJi &I fei- feg' fm w Ht CT" 

>HHdtJ'd @ir>H SUf 3t3T tP^, Q?^ 

fe? fftf an >>fii^ FH? §■ yafdH' ^ 

tt'dAd 3"g3S??5Uf JHo(5tl»HftWt 

Hfeg^ifddtJ fefw fw fej tPfe^ 
»ffH5^ sPt It for §j an 5"§h^^ 

'H^'J# 'feraS" 0^313'% yET-fla" 

fetJidU'do; d^fdti w few ivPH 
53-|fiw Htttrri^ ¥B3r ? t^r^ 

fijfH>MT, fwu# fW3or >HftPHW3T 

?r Ffe^ fAdywd' ST^F 

fgW-HHcJ'd ^>HW 35" w5fU?7, 
f FTTl" feU" feH3" tSHl" U" ■fer, §3, 
'55" yg" few 33" 3tT ^ fe3" lJ3FTOt 
H^ltr' ^ 313-fHfy>HT §ff ij3ST ff? 3H" 
»fnjT-HCr3 (sdf-reformation) H ?^ 
t|? ^ Sfesr UHWT 53?5- W >H5r?5" 

ysv ^ girat tfira" nH3gT 51" 5^ 

^■fHtr W et ^^^ ofW FFHt RUI3IT 
S'HtfW'Gi S^H^'dl 3'yHt>Hi"d'HK 
qf3F I 

ftw dMAldl Cl" }f3^ fOT 

Iraqi" fe^ig^ qgr §5" 593" 

IhH" dMAldl ^ HT33T-fe:r- 
hM ^3^ of3?r t' ufeFT fcr ^ 

gu3 i;ra3t' t fe" >>fTff ^ fenr^ 1^ 

3tt, fen >Hf3" H33¥yg^ H5" W feK 



ET 



ww^ kw l^S^ -oRf?^ w^^njw 
3H3t 5" Hg |- UoM an feg- HfoBFT 

^ era" fcr Ht"i fiF fntr ^»fn^ 

d'HAldoj TTBT ## W (Tftif 
U?rat HF^ 533^- F IT?T^ 03- 

S"'^iddl ^FSHi"^ for gists' 5" 'fiw- 

?5H1" eiR" ^ tf lljS' d'ddl H^?" ^ 

fntr 5- H^ Hea- fe^ >)faf^ Iot^ 

I43t- |l^, §^ §HgT S-»fBt 37 3" 
HT7^3T ?^ ^ yjjfewt ^ fetM- 1 

t^A-^dl 1986 fW iTf^H ^ fW 

TiH*^ 3k ¥rfen3T^ ^ Hgr ^ av 
fee- fefeim >)fe7 u#ff ora- 3th!" [ frr 

^ 33T swl^ w H yaii'-^i cfeT^ 
fgr ferr fers" hI" FRgor3T ^ wt 
^cra^r tigTg3'i^ g d<li/l^ g- 

st fe©" ^cfI" usi" t, uwfe" giddl 



fe^iw §3" crmr ifwl" ^ >>i^w 
fw^Ttar >H3"fw*"5'yraTf%^Hi- 
fSM'is Q3 ccrmafug^ h ^siI fardd ' Ho<' 

fe^ H^ traK §■ ir^ TO^HEt feHH^ 
H^ f?H >Hftre' (coveneat) ^ U^ 

ye'^tJ' &"[ IB" feiT jcjioid ^>Hir 

JHtT H53? (context} >H^ d'W'd SSff 

t LNM'Q<*' (daute) ^ m fea? 

>Htfe" (integrated) fJfT y<*'Oe ^ 

fi^w-i- ree^ (context) fe^ fer 

ftlfe^ flrgie^ fejB^ (Kving contact) 

area" fe>>fȤff^ feH Tret iraat gr fepjf 

(SHW HH¥? F isy- 3" il" H?? 5^^ 
g'Ute^'^l re3F 3^ fiww ^W fP^ 

?^ fm wn^ 3" - »rf3 HUH^yaTT 
w^?7\ fer ?^ fecT ffr F ya^ ^ 
3^ 'M3" feoT ffr g- yg^ ^ f^ a?s" I 



fe^ crrg?r itT for 

tTS"?Hl" 198 6 fe^ 

glyyifttHd'A eff HOT 

3" WW feg" ^?t HOT 

ofe^, ©ti fen fisH'S' 

iHtrirfT?Hr ua'fer 
ifRar fe^ ^ feiT aw 



fe>fe^ fm fw FTi^ tF3K §" Fp^ dTH^^HFi' feHTF H^ fHIT JHfUF (covenent) ?^ UW U<!: ' Q^ g^ 
^lU^ fFFT J^!^3 r WT Kte^f»r ^ B^tTFft fH»P^lj- K# t ftr >HtT HF3¥ (context) JHt 
3W^Wff U^ OTT I HF33- ^ 93^ trafe>r JP^T HSHF f?t ira^ lHtitJ i .^j^1 gr^ fSTPT^ 5" 
y^»'§«' f dilute 1 ;^^ Hgf TO3? ^ H^HH^ §" Ufirers^ )»ft for »fferTm §■ fiftf aH3t t fj^ 
jyftrar ^ mw { int egrated ) fUTT H^^ ^ ff3 ft gST ^^^ ^ , 5^ j^^^^t f|^ fj^^p^ 3. ^^^ 

(jcoiitext) feg fF5 frrf?^ tTOT^ fHH3T (living contact) IWftl^ ^3^ ^ 1 fF% fel 5^3^ ftPH^ 
HU3^y3?rHni?ri fei 5# fer f# e^ yg^ ^ grr ^xt fe^ ft §■ g^r^ ^ f^ TO" 1 



m 



^ s# fer fiw d'HAldl , 
rydo(<*i, dM<sldc( ^gifonr" 
€w^w fe^ ^lf^ ^T^ !ri 

Ua^t !?^, 33^ FRT fe^'d 

e^tf , aw nif fI" yucsldoi 

>rBOT-HiT ( strategic 
orientation) uj^S" ?" opgH 
S" y^ d"lsndd " ?77?" fH»r FT 



nraFTsr, pHU'dcj fydo^d;!, d't^<sldd 
ufP5?5" fee" ?h1" ufI" 1 1 >HfFiiF lue" 

^ F 5fe>Jret" fUd+ ^ gr^fl- ;^ yg^ 

?5Ht, 3H# m few? 3T^, HK FlVf 
el" yUAldol HT^^T-mi (strategic 
oriaitation) uj^tT e c(idiH 5" y^ 

fiw 5H rB" fcj S^-Utft- CTO^T 

atf-nfHW (react) ^^ ^H^ 1 1 for 
yidtS' I" y?t 3^ grw^" ?rTft 

ar fm dMAldl ^^¥^^ff5? 
frrf?>HT (extremes) ^75" 

Qwdt/l-US?^ »fFl" U" I FF ^ iJq" 
F 5fe>HT?t HHfeMi" ^ fdW fedi" 
5" HS" feH'd^ , fntr d MAldl W HUT^ 
%H"5"f?Jf^ 3^TTTf|- T^T^ 3" >>fer 

r^d PdH ^^ot'^d W'^^^i'dfM^'^m 

fe^ fcH'dli ?r>>ffe»r 3" yfeQd 

>HH??+ ^75" ff53" H'yltJ' O'l Iw ^ 

KK fw §" fe?j+ ^?UT^ ferm ? 

>>r^ tri fEU"5# ^3T?fer?FrF 
fewl"U5" UF ¥l" f?5r f?r F yg^r 

(compleiiiait) tf fe'SS?' OTTI fHFPH" 

^ d-^ifydl nr^T^ stydfMu Ft 

^-%^ fWHd" d" ^-^f 3^bf" 

nurs ffWR feT, ferr tt^ tr^f 

RUJdH" F fdtfl" Rg" "<?^ cT'>Hfe>Hi" 3" 

g^»fH?F5rw>>Ftc^ytt'^i Odi'd' 

fHcrud^n^tfgp>ri '>raw3"vw 
RuraF et" gHH? Oddydl 3 m^^ 

»iHW"S'H3'd'^'fedt Mc^^wl d'riAldt 
?t U^^-ydHldl (revival) Tret 
H'ddi'd tfF fenra" 5? fe3l" I fntr 

d'HtSldl ^ SfF OT frra" 3" cTg- §TT 

fm ^^cT^Ft fe ¥3" Iran o^t 

gr U? feH" Hd^U 3^ yor3" oft3T FF^ 
d'dV' 5"! fePT H^TTF ^THH HH% 



§fo>F5l" fu3+ ^ yy ?h^9f ^ 

dMcSldl ^ MfHllI" HT^w-fer 
fcSdU'dd o[^ ^iJliJt &, frUT SW, 
fWHUiHHieTH?5"3"^l iddtJi 5fe»F 

FRi)" feH^ fe^ >M?r ^^^ rra" I ferr ?f?tT 

3- fuit TO f%^^ F >HH?5" '^^E^ 

rn^fr] 'fsrg- gsW- f% cmtl' ^ 
^'•4S' »rcft?r »rvTfl- gftm 3 

feW?-<^<!itdd 5" HfVW 5- QdJdiJd 

ora^ite^ 3" I fetra+^ ferrvter 

(diuming) ^^ Uf stcT 3 3I?F3 ^ 

fAdid' t Hsrar >M3" fm mmt ^ 
hJI ftJHi fAdU'ddUTraafti fet>>ffff 
nfn;^t 35" fift' 3" feKf^ nmw^ 
(experience) 5" ^JfiJ^^ 3 Vq" H'ZIH^ 
gS" HU3^y3^ ^Sra" ?lf 3U" U^ I >>(Hf 
fo^i- §3 fufl- 3 5?^ few? ^e?g^ 
^fei" 3fHte- gWFH" ^7F\ 

nmt HH^t ^ 5", feHH" ofg^ fen 

>)fe?^ ?H^-feHW ftjftPif- §■ fePT 
1w? g?W fe? ¥^ fUH^ H3- W 
FFWf^Ui"! fern- ^ §W U^W?, 

nrw^ 3 H#"-fe?^ w ?5r 

fiw ^ W H33? >>ffl]^T^ (inviolable 
nglTt) tl fen^ Un43i" kfI" fw ^ 
#, tJW7^3" dirlHl HfdM'tf' 
(convention) >>icSHM, W5r J^f? 5" 
W^HW ^BcS" (to mobilize tlie public 
opiniai) >>r3 SST-?'^ >ngf^ >M5Fr? 

mraF 3 H3?raHt 5" m ^s[^ gu 3" 

H^fI" nfe^f^t ^?3 oT?^ W 3^3" 

>Hyf3>>f? cf?^ d'dlidi ? 1 3;rat ^ 

? fe" FIHU?!' g3?i^ 5" »™" ggr >)fe? 
FraraoT ufI" hct iRor3}", SAdor ?w1" 

H'Vrast (iiTiiss political niobilisabcsi) 3 

»rvra" arr^ s^ynf^ §" HHfeTT 

fnU" IW W^ ?i^ HciisldT W >>ffeK 
for H^H^fWD"! e?fki"5?f%W 



§i?; 



fe? FR? fen 3? f »fnj£t' d<J:Ald1 



air 



HftJHdn HT^rar R3?r ^ gutra" 

s^^m^-^'i^ few 7^5?^ ^33-3- 
fed'tji OT? ^T7^ U7 i3^crj, fen 

HfutHdil (natural ally) §"1 fPFT ^^gy 
(cat^r>' } "3" >>f^t^ U? ^^^H" ^ 
nut H^ HK3r? (evaluntioRi ^fu^ 
TV^ Wl]\^ ^ n(& %J 777^ TUW %■ 

M3-§U??- f%^ & gut ^Ulf^ fUT^tff!- 

■s'riylora' (justification ) 5^ fT^ 
UH%3" K^F srgTT ^ HU^^yro" 

?^^ J^cfHi- ^HT fW ^ fg- 

^ 37?" !>>f3" W^ ?F 3U: >M^H^ 

J HOTl">Hfq^W ^§HUI3T ^^ 
35". ^H^ngt UqS" 3", H?ra>fr ^ dd^ 

■g- y%>>fr ;?^?7 ^ oTS^ g" few 

>>ffeHt>H3" lF3t ?F3^ gT^jt?f U ) 

FFT >H?B", ferr ^ trar, fen 

¥U3T ^^ferfr^feaa- 5F3>flHt t 
fen" ^ RF3" gylipHT sut ^TT^T 

7^^ dd'ddl fefySHT (fraternal 



solidarity) ^ UTfo-dltJ-^ yddlc"-^' 

u^ Id 'Jit" u >H3" for 5" trag^BT 

3U ^ BfI" for?" cf^H g^ flre" 

Bitffe-u?ri 

^ >3feu, fam- ^ ngji-, fsm- 

?t HB?H ¥3?r §3-, fSTH ^ w "^ 
33"^^ trar 3" l|<^Hi Jt ^ ^^^ 

o('<j'S't!l (solidanty action) cfHS"W 
Hfe>}rt?^^i" gijftd' Ul 

^ ?Tifl- J55f f5^ g^ ^ ^lyltl'd F 

Twm el" fcrSof^ 3>ffH3" cffst 
Hi^l ijidltJ} o'i^>>rsT^?5Fl-?ra" 
autMi" §3?-ieHt fyS" 5t>}f*" gH*" 3" 

yiJIidl ui 
fridgfWddggggggl- tJtJAld A ' rt 

3W^ HK^ few K:gU3" 3^ PIH^ 

etnr gr^^^^ g3sr§^ 5" 3^- cr3S" 

?^ W3" few cfeT fl^^ gr^ffen- U I 

s^'yl^d'd 3- VW-fTW ?t ^T^?r ?T 
HTgyj- fnrgPT SEt§%g- CT3^ o[^ 
W^ UTTI 

>H?5W ^rgjt >;^ >j^Ti4^ ^f^ g- 1^ 

5" sra?^ ?r8l" >Hcm3" w fiw" wtw" 
Ign^ ^ fensHT?- oft3T tT*^ u" I for 
7^^ pmu giyl^'d ^ hct >h?b-. 

g^t^ U77I ^'tfcft JTorVF ^w' fw 
H-^'tSi" 5" ^ F J^nfi" ( niercenanes ) 

rtcK'd' cfUTT 7^ W^§ir^ W 

dWlddi sTy Ftfenr fF^ gr^it^ tr I 

^y ffflTSt, ^nj^ 3" ^ graUi- 5" 
WTJ^ W RH^g- >)fe3- RiT? ^US" ?5# 

fior,frrF?f'fUH2^^^ 'ff^'(soft) 

t, fm ni^P!^ few g' t;ltj i rd' >r ^ 



'M^ g^ JF g>F3Ht 

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********* 



TO THEE OLD CAUSE 

To thee old cause ! 

Thou peerless, passionate, good cause, 

Thou stern, remorseless, sweet idea, 

Deathless throughout the ages, races, lands, 

After a strange sad war, great war for thee, 

(I think all war through tinne was really fought, and ever will be really 

fought, for thee) 

These chants for thee, the eternal march of thee. 

(A war O soldiers not for Itself alone, 

Far, far more stood silently waiting behind, now to advance in this 

book.) 

Thou orb of many orbs I 

Thou seething principle ! thou well-kept, latent genn ! thou centre ! 

Around the idea of thee the war revolving, 

With all its angry and vehement play of causes, 

(With vast results to come for thrice a thousand years,) 

These recitatives for thee, -my book and the war are one, 

Merged in its spirit I and mine, as the contest hinged on thee. 

As a wheel on its axis turns, this book unwitting to itself, 

Around the idea of thee. 



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