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Ever since a cave man drew a picture of a wild
D-cr : "airs of Is , .n have endeavored to
■■ion. Twenty- thouss
years of srog] have culminated li berpleces
lite" and "Fantasia", wi1 bill unknown
wo:' - in a field where t - imagination
the onl; it to ace ent .
Jar: .; ■ arsden
University of 'and, ]
Lctures move, to leave a
lent record, of action as well a; :; outline, is as
old as art itself. On the walls of caves near Altimira,
ain, are crude di Df animals in which f
illusion of motion is leveral pairs of n \ .
These ,000 years old.
/ariati sontinued to appear
through the centuries until, in 1324, Peter Mar et
disco\ I "persistence of vision", a principle which
made possible all forms c • picture . ts
•", the first device to uti]
not prod Dtion but consisted of a disc mounted on
a spindle. On one side of the disc >alnted a bird
and on the other side a cage, rapid rotation c
disc : he bird appear to be inside the ca^e.
In 1331 anol frenchman, Jo Antoine Plateau,
rented the first of a series of contri s usi v
et's principle to ore lotion in drawings. The
^o?t; c< n] "-e of fc] i a the "wheel
of life", invented lliam Lincoln, which was the
first successful "motion picture" to be made in
srica* All of these devices consisted o..' sries
of pictures c ra lidly before the eye, and a row
of slits or shutter openings syncronized to allow one
, to be viewed at a time. The pictures showed
progress! 1 ^itions in some cycle of action.
The closest approach to the present-day animated
toon to " - ade z 'efor3 the advent c. >hy
known as the "Praxinoscope". s development by
Tiaud, in 1377, combined the use of the "magic
lantern", which he sen invented by a German, Anthonasius
Kircher in 1640, with pictures drawn on a strip of
transparent "Crystaloid". Reynaud w s the first man
to present bits of Iramatic action in the form of plays
projected on a screen.
In 1906 Thomas Edison photographed more than 3000
cartoons to produce .... ated cartoon on
motion picture film. Ja: = , Dlackton, who was at that
e a cartoonist for the Tew York Evening Ho rid , was
assigned to interview Edison on otion Picture experi-
it?:. ie of the inventor
Lm to i
for the cartoon. E is "Di :r of all animated cartoons
released under b title of ses of
;es", and scored such an instantanec it,
particularly one scene i I ch an :<r
and b] Ls eye-roll in rl friend,
tha aced nine more cartoons.
Err.ile CJohl, in 7rance, and V.'insor ! cCay, in
■ rica, were fes of the resent trends in
anj. . iroduced bhe first feature-
length cartoon In ] , entitled "T] of the
itania". : .s cartoon, osed of 2b ,000 di ,
befor r e ' ■ " .
To( studios re leas:'
matec i 'toons in the ates. rhe largest of
sse is Walt Disney Pro . , a staff numbers
nearly a thousand men and women. otl ". are, 5
proximate order of si , Terry-
Toons, 'Inc., I . 3 . I . Sartoon Division, alter Lanz
Productions, Loon Schl >a ger Productions, Screen
Gems, Inc.. These studios produced 192 cartoons a
year before ar, and the ^isney studios produce
one feature-length film each year in addition to
hteen si ort .
Lsney's creations oi ;r ite" , "Fantasia",
and "Bambi" are leadii to en err of serious
artistic endeavor in the field of animated cartooning,
not replacing but suoplementir otive .re
inatec Btry in the past.
. : ' to !ake A lated Cartoon r . ; . alk
: mcTation Books, her; Yo: