AKBAR, EMPEROR OF INDIA. 5 jects so widely at variance with each other in race, cus- toms, and religion, and who finally when the narrow dog- mas of his religion no longer satisfied him, attained to a purified faith in God, which was independent of all formu- lated religions. A closer observation, however, shows that the contrast is not quite so harsh between what according to our hypoth- eses Akbar should have been as a result of the forces which build up man, and what he actually became. His predilec- tion for science and art Akbar had inherited from his grandfather Baber and his father Humayun. His youth, which was passed among dangers and privations, in flight and in prison, was certainly not without a beneficial in- fluence upon Akbar's development into a man of unusual power and energy. And of significance for his spiritual development was the circumstance that after his accession to the throne his guardian put him in the charge of a most excellent tutor, the enlightened and liberal minded Persian Mir Abdullatif, who laid the foundation for Akbar's later religious and ethical views. Still, however high we may value the influence of this teacher, the main point lay in Akbar's own endowments, his susceptibility for such teach- ing as never before had struck root with any Mohammedan prince./ Akbar had not his equal in the history of Islam. "He is the only prince grown up in the Mohammedan creed whose endeavor it was to ennoble the limitation of this most separatistic of all religions into a true religion of human- ity."* Even the external appearance of Akbar appeals to us sympathetically. We sometimes find reproduced a miniature from Delhi which pictures Akbar as seated; in this the char- acteristic features of the Mongolian race appear softened and refined to a remarkable degree.* The shape of the 4A.Miiller, II,4i6. * Noer, II as frontispiece (comp. also pp. 327, 328); X. Muller, II, 417.