(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "كتاب المتفجرات السهلة أقوى كتب المتفجرات"

fO-^^l Ck»a>I1 alii 





&ljj\jl±*))l 
olSLijuuuuJI JJuo OjjJS cLuujI \jo3\j jIjl^V' '-^ :<*1x>Mjd 

vjj oljljuf 6jlijl> oldLbl c5vi Ol l&Lao CjX> £ujUI OtS 

jjii4 6^ ^iii ^ js ^ jiiii d&it dLi juiaii jjuiii jiiiii ^ijii <& .toJt 

l^l4j£iib o^kj uU^l lift jljlj ^ dJj^ CjIjSIaj 4JU1wVI fJ Jil 
<&J <Q^ ( ^ j^a^ii ujUI jji ) <>i]| ftlaj Q^Alt CJljSi* -1 



2 a 

&\ <Uai* )<&b >uJj ( £bU i^La^dl JPl^-all SjSi* -2 

iaJiil -1 

Cilj^LUll SjS -3 

ItfAiJIj ^LSj^l ^ Jjil! -6 
fjo^Sn ^lj^ L££ -8 

bjjji ajM ±®± -9 

'^'^■■| LiuA ^tjailal) £|jj! -11 
CitjaH*]) ^Lu^i ^j^ -12 

^ijaiidi **>- -i3 

jUittljtil -16 

Wj« jlSVl -17 

ijjasii jisvi -18 

j^^tt2t...t... 19 

jaa Salt 4ji.nli.il ujjjjj -20 

BM f I c^ -M ^ 4l^J J^V J> s ^ -21 

J^jliJI ^IJS>I! -22 

cjjjiaJI £ljjj -24 
4i4ll j^p i^-25 



jjLLw jjiill (ja\j*. -26 
SjljaJl AJte CJljail^! -27 

f j^Ia&I Sj^jj <>alj^ -28 
^Luaj^^II Jlj-all (j^lj^ -29 

Aktiitll Jj>4l! o^aljl -30 

4-A^iiii i\jA\ (j^iji -3i 

<^JjTNT<^ 6! ^3 J! -32 

J^iTNT cPc^-N-33 

TNT cP £l cP J iitSi- JtS^i -34 

TNT o^ -35 

4^kjTNT ^j^-36 

CJlj^iUiJ SjS ci>> uL£ -37 

PETN o-^jj^ o4j* -38 
RDX c^jili^l o^ijl -39 

NG l&>"^jj%^ u*tj* -40 

C4 J J* <^1 c>alj^ -41 

C3 ^jS <^l cMj* -42 
djj^l u^, q^\j^ -43 

CtLalL^iJ (j^j jii -44 

J1U! <> CiwLLji! Ji^ -45 

JjjjUII (j^ljl -46 

j^ijij ^li^Lfl o^jjl -47 

<j^L^aj]| Jjjl o-aljl -48 
cijjjjj^t laSU -49 

j>-Sri 4A^ ^ -50 

j^l ^IjJJ -51 

jcj^^ai] ^ £j& _53 

jpjj^j £P <UU claUjk* -54 

jpl^ali ^fllj ^ -55 

JPl^all J <j jljatj ^Ij^l -56 



4 a 

CJbjUaJl t^Iji qJLAj £%M\j JPL^I ^jlla c^USjjiwjflVI -57 

JlLffi! gljil -59 
JiUiij £p CJUjk^j jtiluaj -61 

diuJi j^i S !jiiu! ojaij <&Un -62 

h^j^S JijaSl j&HS g1>M U* -63 
^ibj^l jiij^U ctfjttl jljii-S 4Jl£ -64 

i«tAaJljjai^l jjIjJ -65 

A^Ljf^l cjUIkuiAil -66 

^jll^l cijti -67 

Jat jit ojIIS -68 

CJbjUaJl -69 

£AJttilt -71 
fttftt <iL>&j £jj -72 

^uii ^i uiiii^j e uiSn j^i ±*i -73 

j*j ^ j^i _74 

CJjSjSlI CJlS-tw -75 

( Jsjili ^i li^ilyitj) ^>^l Sjildl -76 
^J^W ^ 0* BM f I <^ Ji *M j^ 4Jl& -77 

o^jjiiij <>^]) uia^ii jxu& j&&h ^j*tJ\ -78 

(A^ajSfl Sjdf d.14 CJ>uj ^j 4Lj*2j) J>^l uia^i! -79 
(Jjjll£ £j^ajj ^J l^jaJ ^) Sjjx^all VjjIaJ) SjjILaII -80 

4jL^ «^Ij-*j uLuuU >!Jai J-ac- 4u£j£ -SI 

<> 82 6jU cijliS Aiuij uiwU ^ l> J^c- ^i£ -82 

4iALJl ^jjUuJj j Aiu^Uij 4^>SU £\1L* J^ ^L£ -83 

^jtLtll Jj^ -84 
UIL4II CJljLLuJi ^jj^l»IL j^tl^l J^ -85 

ijjjJI J^UH) -86 
jL^VI ^ ^j^iUil Li^ J* b 0^ Jj^ -87 



( fV* j3j*ir 



) k& L- M \ eJ ^^ji j$_^i -88 

UUjioJlj Oyull -89 



JjA^I JUjVIjI <>^t ^JJ^ ^ CjtjailftJl £4 JaIjujV :jj!su 




4 



♦#* 






ilftfl ^a 




(^L/ jLiSiJ £j*j Sj*ib-i VjWla > ji>J iEij 4aLu ol jj IflS £1 j^ildl + 2 

JJJ* uj J ^^J ^.J* JJ J j^ U*- 4 J*1*»jI + 3 

„ ^IjailaL Jjttlt JJP jLw JJP JSt ^ jUiiib'l .7 
L,iialiji J jklt jl AjjiajJt jl ijljaJl l,j^j*j *& t § 

3^bJl^ oljtfUl* CjljUalllj tiUUillj tiUSjjaJl JUtlujI uaj-11 
ijkaJI LJLa JI jy^Jj^l Si^ ^^ ^ Jj^ ^J* 2 j' ^U^' fiM ^ Jjaj V .12 

* jkaJl jSaLaJlftj £¥j«ui3lj J&ljualt JujLiLaJ jIjaU iiljlt aLSJ^tj ^J*Ut jiklt u*j t 13 

jjilil JU jVt j^oll jjjAlt fUSi CAjphft ^4 JaU^t ^kj t 14 

>Ulxi JJl^a^uai Gljailill ^i Jjul) J*j'^ js*4^ J^ V^ -15 

J*lj jlLa ^i ijaiUt Jjaltj GLjUaJlj JpIj^I £Ukit j^ 4j11 _16 

J^l ^i jjSjjitj a*-all J^aLj AjjjU jji ^i ^liX £>Lu ^Lu^It 2^1 JUpVI *121_17 

{AjaIIp}* jllw ijpjj jja CaLjUaj A-uLjj^I JpI>^ >Jil^ LdU-20 

AJjl CjliU^l 4jali ^ ^ it jiiUIl ^B Jjall Jj caj _21 

AjjjU JPljjufl VJj jV jljifl ^jIjS Jp jjkl UU ^jIm _22 

LiLJt t^j jij) > J^^ 1 ^ ^^ ^^* it jaISaII ^4 JAufl f LSI SjSSj uAJI u>i u^j _23 

2^LuJl j| jaJI J^iV w > £1 jaiuJI ^4 J^bull JJ jSlJaSl jd5 uaj -24 

uuujj Of jiuulj ^jjJdjJl cj*j 4ti Ljli ^i ^jiilt ifcLiJl JUiU j4 jj*| -25 

jxj j^ SjaSi^j U jjiil ^4 IfJ ujPja jjiJt 61 jailill ^>4 j/iiViii Aijjla J^aSl -26 




7 



Aku<! jj ) Jjaati iU3 A^Ua£ la£U.j £jL£>« £fc S jbfc ^ j jiU^I j 4aly& I 
*a^ L)J%J W J^-^ ^J l£ ^^-^H &*$• l£ ta^ lkt.ua Aj.i*-a AiAia 



c^! 10.000 6- l**** J^ *» jl* L5 1 ! £>" J^ Sj^il4ij SjUI) Jj*2 -1 

hL&\ Sj^iUil SjUII ^ <> ijA 15.000 

l/io.ooo UjiA4 a^ls ij& J ay* j\ Sj^ii* s.>u <> jjau i* >- -2 

A^l<> 

3r«JecH 108 '5 ) 6jt-&* ^Lb cjlj^iuil ^ ^J% -3 

RDX J Jit *^ J ju 8000 6- j^i *!jaiid! u^4 *^>- -4 

Ajjia a^jj 4000 J« 3000 6* J^ ^ Sjb* ^Ijaildl o& 4A -5 

o-Uil S±^j AJ S? TNT -XI *j$ ^k- L,L£ >^U*J! 6^A J£ : A&^U 



iUj^jill .-MjvA'; A 1l $j^ 




RDX i 
1,70 43j3 



1^20 Ajjd 



las 



%92^> 50 > 



* 1*60^ 



8 















o a 

ttyl.000 (> JH UjUi.1 i*j*-j : ^LJaJ! *ljaiidl -l 

Sjni^ 4 ulajJj <JJljajala3) J^xIuijj dj/^400 4-jJLjjSiiJI 4jc- J^J ^J^VI «^JJ^ I J-^ 

gjSlI lib f ii^jj (tyl.OOO 6* J^i U jbiS! A^>-j : Aju>JI ^Ijaildl -2 

TNT j ^UjI! Jl* c^>lijj Ouuil ^i 



L^JiZjjj t-jjjo ol j^iioJI t, 9j i./Vi 









J 






^ 7625 


C3 <5_>J **-■ 




[i/^400 


^Jj_ij| ^J^jU 






±/r 7700 


^jj ^-Jb^jj _^jjjJ 1 




i/4500 


^JJJJJJJOJll Lll_jJJ 






u/p 7750 


illj^jSjJI ijjtlR^. 


£,/,> 5032 


JjjjJI objJji 






^A> 8387 


PETN o«u 


C/^ 5327 


^^oLoJI iijl 






c^ 8630 


C4 Ji*^ 


*/ P 7000 


TNT ijj qI ijj 






*/ ? 8887 R X u-SI <f* j 


£>f? 7200 


JJ_>uJI 







ft_>^ij pJ JJiJj ibj^: ^I^jI GuaLuJI <Uo>)L 



Jjlj^lj.djj^l o^U, TNT< RDX * PETN J^ : V^ ^L*&* -1 
( CH4 ) (<A±U JJ^I J ^^iyul!) ^tl^l JIp Ji* : t^te *b*fc* -4 



itjaiUt aLui^I 



i ' flJfc^a ^jjj^lij l^JjxLaj SjljaJlj dLS^VIj a-i^U 4 ml < ii^ ^A j 4 j ml i^ 
I^aAJ £>*j jjiaiiij AjUtl AjI^j£ ^.Sfj...Xt)j ^jc-fj^j AjC-H^j ^ a^Iujjj 

Aj^j ,J| lA jj^j -■ mAjjj 4-uaja-Aii Jj jaII £y* AjuAjma Jfl! cr^ J j-wb-^l ujjjaaij 
£)j£j ^li L^jjjSjj M-uaja-aJl Jij-aJl £)-a d^jloJl AjjIaAjVI Aaj^I k-joolb ajj&j 

PETN j < RDX : Ai*^! jIj^I j^i <>j ^LAl ^^1 j**i2 ^ Sjii 

4^Je, a^jxa]) jAj La) lilujjj {£> jjuui J&$\ jA p jlil I.1A j ; Ajgrlijj AJxuujla -c- i 

. TNT j AftljjL <^Uatt Jl* cjIjj^I ^ ^i 

.( CJlk*il4 ) iwU-A uLuaj 4ia^ ^j CJljailAl! oiA ^Uaj i^te 4iuajj 
MajJ U jUaj! Jfe £iL ^311 CJljaiiaJl ^4 j : Sf UaVlj SjljadI CJljaila ;B11j 

Jjjj iai^Jl ^Jj *jjj!a1*$\ ^jj^ < ii <\ Actual ^1 i^j jH • Aao^jVj L jj^ ; n a Jaj^A - j 
dJUxaJl f tijaJl CJljAaJl ^ aAJIuu ^JaLaJl life £lfl diil j^ailll djij^ AajJ ^> 

". ^ijJaii ^ ^.>aii ^j!>^ii iji^ Jj ^Uji^ii jla ciiijiii 



11 a 

: l)J%5 powder burning of black : *j<M\ *jj^ 

^u: ^i o /ol5 + j^\ ^^ o /ol0 + fJ ^ ujJ! ^|ju o /o 75 ^ 

(^bj^ii Sjiyaij 4411 ch^a J>-Sfi ajjU!) 
1+ ^j^i Sn Sj^jj ^ 0* 1+ ^j^-Ijjj ^)jji^ ^ )» 2 <> Oj%j : < y^t AjjW^ 

]Hg(CNO)2[ 

mercuric Fulminate 

# jUj . ^ . o^i ^ijii *fcti 14J cju^ -1 

uiflUlj f bj^lj ^A^allj Jljllj Sjljail ^uUa-3 

j^ Vj J*l& %15 6* J^i V£j ^ -^J IS) -4 
j^ilS Vj J*i& V %30 6- J& k£j ^ ^J tilj -5 

180 Sjb* ^j-> ^ j**X -6 

O-^l ^i cii^S -10 
. 4-aLuu SjU» jjj*^ - 11 

jjUuJi j^b -12 



{( 2C02 ( 3CH}2 - : ciAJ -^jjj -: 2 



12 a 

jjafcn <> dtii : 86c >jM^ Sjb* aajjj kftu^i u^^j 

. j jb jli* ^i t$l*>j 
[pb( n3)2] - : u^jll .bji - : 3 

2N6012H6C -: ^>L^il .u^jjj - ; 4 




Jv -- '"J J ''"■- '" ^ 


















rf 



i£>° 










13 

. r ufti ctfj^ >jj anus ji* <^t^ -1 

SjUII cjUj> J^kU jUi^V 1 **>* ^ J* 52 <^ 4-c^1 <^A t^jM^V 1 ** J^ j 

. *ty 8500 <> jfcl lP! 3000 6* ^ £jt>^j 
^j jL^V j s ^^ ^ u c> ^*-* V** CP **M £±\j\*l\ kjjS <^A : JbiWl SjS 

. jIa^V 1 l^ **M £l jUUI ^ ^Jp Ij&l* uiSjjj l^i 

. A m A^*al\ _ S jj jaJj Jla joa Salt ','»•"* cr^t ^j^J^t 

.Sj^AaII C5^ J fAVI <^A j 4-4^tj&i| Jlj^ij UjAu3.a • LLuall 4aj-gj 

jja alii 41 mini 

I^jjja^j jaa Soil 4lmiuuj 4 jl^ijVI ^J«i^ a^ /J) lS^J^ 4lulult dJA ^ 411^ 

4jjIaAjI 4aj-« ^jjj ^^jIa jZja 4luduljj j^Ajj 4-uajA-d SjLa £& SjUp 4-aUJl 

<5 jSj 4^1*111 S-b-lJu 4hnn<i dJLa 4JxuuIjj l^iaAuaL >j^j . t-« ^ /J) 4 L» - a 

UIjjSj j i g U.,»>. ^^ MjpUil Uju* 4^L-V) 41*^1 Cut* tit Ui . 4jplill 
TNT J^» l*-$ 4Jplil! 4ia^jl4 SjU 4iUab iilljj 4JUil! 4Jx^jl4 SjUj 

RDX ji tfeij^i J^» 4^pU1I SjjAd. SjU 4iUbbjl 

j ta all) 4-luiiui ljjj u 

4JaiLUl!j 4Jc-lil! 4ia^jl4 CJljailAiij CjUx^IaII ) 4-^alS 4^l£ Caj J^Jj 

,(4JpU1! 



14 a 

RDX J^ <^M U-^ <^ ^ualij ikiid t$j|J <^A L$A ^ jli AL-iia 

. u^l JpL^I ^i Sjj*.j* j#til\ A^l^ <> 80% 
. ^ja^l j^luail ^i 6Jja.^» j#?^ kuiljt 4> %60 j 

i Aixuala S^Laj 4-uaja-d SjLa Aj (jll] JjC-L^II jA ua£j-«JI JjC-L^J) • Alalia 

a ja£a 4-uajA-«» SjU A^ ^ill jA (j^aja-ail JjC-L^Jlj 



Jt^-a (j^^ 3 &l f '"^ (i^ r^j tU.^t) jjAj c Sj^AaII j^Vt >Al jAj ; tu.^t) _) 

: ^jjla l*L*ll jifS £j%J . Ajj £Jb jb^VI 

V alt p IjfJI iaxJaj AajUJ! LLiaJl Aaj* ^li S>^ jUiJI ik : <^UjVJ jj^I! * 

£^Ll4 J&mj >4Jjj (jpuaH jLwUVI 4x^>-« £j£ Ji<^ /Jp iaxuall A^j-a £j£jj 

. CJljaaialt ^L4 ^ dj^au U lib j t tgJLa^ ^ £& ^1 ^lu^VI 

Jj*u ^ Jxill Jjl A^ ^yt jjtil f 1^1 jjfl £.*uj : ^LJI jjlJl * 

jjkiu iijiit Ojx^ j^bii oj^j <^W)M jjhi\ Ai&tsito £\j\\ bui * ij^i 

4000 J\ 3000 <> SjljaJI J^2j ' jM^V 1 ^^J J u^JJ ^J u S J* c5^ 
5ii ajjjI^i jtSVl ui jbia js ^i jSj SjjjaJ) j hiu^l\ ^Luojjij jiSVl : Alalia 

: A^fll jjVj 

^ jaII ^utaJj Jjaj d-Jj^j ^ cjjjjjj jIaAjVI jIjI <> ^ jjIj jj! ; q^I£xjVj - j 

^ ji)alS JaaLJalJ A^.ja £j\1 ^utaJl (illj ^.jj ^J Ijjj tJaJLJaJI A^j-a ^ua J& jJllii 

> ^^uuij]) l^J^y. jb^yi J*J Ajj£l4l! Jlj^lj jlj^VI CA : LJlj^Vt - ^ 

Jlj-a Jj^j ^ «^ V (J^J^ d^A 0j% c^J ' dj^ilaJi dJLall (^ diijlaJj Sjij^Jj 

uiuij AiJaJj Jl^Jli SjailaJ) dJLal) Is- j^ uiuA jlj^V) ' Atn4 ;j jlj^^U ALll 



15 a 

8.387) ^u*ai **>- ^ji* o*%j * i^ai« ^ij^tai <> > j ; ^aii-g 

SjIaJI la* 1 hl\ 















jbdU^IJ jbl 




















1 






-" 










^c^ jbl 




<UjiljJj jUl 






\ 










| 








_L 


1 ! 


_L 




| 






yjlSttjKJ 


jljjboy 


tjJdjiijJI 




iji^pji 


Uo.aII 




























Jljia^J <LlS Jt>4 jjaj «JU ^ V] £iL V jlj^X l i 














Jlj^II J£<jd jUii iJ^pJIjj Jafl^bJI U 











JjUiij <j^a*Jj fU&l o^a*j ^i SjjSH ^ : jlj 

(SjL^I 3jkpJt ^LLuiii) JjUiifo^u ^i : di£b>! 



16 . a 

iajla-a ,Jp j£j-*^ <4£j^^ (jlaA* <y* SjIaS Aitual -: Jla AjjIjAi 4^ij Jpli^l life 
jlaJl Jliuj ^Ijii 3:1 V-^ f^ J**-U fr* 4-^Ul! f j^uAjjJ) CJljjK <> 



ic^jbiJI oIjjJjoJI 







17 




A££\ X& AAA 




•te JjjJa 




********** 








- 




^Xi// ,*^y 4gfc%tf 



















^jjjji £j i> &u*j &j tfi^pn *>jif & y.25 



V 

i 



V 



i)jj»*l) £tji! 



V 

oU^IjJjoJI3 oUIjjJI jl^jli^ jOJOLu 



V 



V 

I 



V 






18 a 

(jk LiLualt 4^J-« j 1 **" 4jjj£ j! AjxLa CliJlS f Ij^du 6j£jaII SjJiaJl ^ ; Jlla 

0- j^£ Jj ^Ijll *U2 VI J laSa %25 tHH-.) oj^j ^jSi *li*3yTjS 

. 0^1 H* d ^ V* cP^ JaL^I 4a^a jjaIS jL^I ^a 4£j J^xjj AJLIal^ 



0j3^*>k> 



ft jS J&w /Jfr Aa^aIJ jmu U$ 



Jtt^hJf 4$*J*4 *t*3/ £jA ftfaVf 




4^5joII ob?jl 



4^5^11 oLsjl 




<rJt j 4 JiA yte ij.^) ^£ U* 






ft 



Uft 



4^5oJI oLajl 



t2t 



4^50!! obajl 



r ^" 








1 




/ 




/ 






*b?j>jall oL?jI 







4^5oll ob?jl 






Tit , — , i±fe*& 



Jijaj&t 
















19 



<UjULy} 



^^71 






SSF 



^Uifcfl 






*Ut£j! SjjxJI 




-V'/ it_l' iijjr _>^y/ O^Jiiw/ Ld 



/■ 




i 


sja-* 


*■■'// •, ■•••'""' / 


fell 







. < ijLua ^ j;W mi U jjIj JjxIaJ) Aijsuia -2 

TNT JlaV^L^^S ^Ij^l 2-4 1^-4*1 jfla2 -2 
(S j^a-la) Jjxi^il SJj^uij Cjjjjj^li 4-u^t uu^Jl 4_Ljuia 4-uaja-Ai! a\ja!\ q^£> ^ -1 

4^1 ^^^^j JjIj^Ij PETN j RDX -: J^ (^Ua*li4) V«^^» Sjj^ 



.20 . a 

C4 JJ* (J^J C3 ($J* (s^ <iutlu*l \ 3Ja*-ujia 

. TNT eft* V^luoJ) ^JaiLLa 

TNT J u*lj* 

TNT lu^jSIIjj^^ 

C 6 H 2 CH 3 (N0 2 ) 3 

(trinitrotoluene (TNT 

. *±A>* ^ 82 & *j± -2 

. A^jhJ\ Vj f U1L j±L V-3 

. <^>tf I j Jfcll J U <>T -5 

(1) Al£j 4 Sjill dua. <> *!jaiid! <^U jUlaj ^bl* -6 

^4 4j jj£j MJLaJj &1& ^j cixua Sj^u aj Ij)j t utoua <^ jl! Sj-a j^aj! !j) -7 

fb* 700 j f L* 500 j ft* 400 j f L* 200 4*M S^ 41. -io 

d!^i j^all ^i Sjj^j^I 700 j 500 mM ft-£3*it e ^u j^j -11 

Aj^JjJ) 4-J.JjjII fUfr) ^J J- * *lyuJ f lj* 75 uiltS AIa ^.jj -12 

ify 7000 ^jM^ ^>- -13 

^.j^ 310 - 300 6* :j^V* *^ **J J -14 

ijjlajl! 4> <UJj 4> %0.5 <^j* V) o*Z*i V -15 

^luill CJljJdd AjjjjaJjjI AjjS ljUj AjIjja* aAI -16 
M^ualB CJl jaiiAil JJafl! <> <U**j S jjj£ CiIjjaa <U TNT c)i ^j : TNT MJ^ 

Llluj £)j£j l)J^ ^^ J' f ^J^" AJ&Ja AaIxum (J& £)j££ ^J^ 9 djjfi (joL^Jiil 4jlui1j 
lit Jja.li £l <^£aj dj;u£ c^Ua£j ASja. ^ 4Jj U£ .Ajjlaiftl AjjS uflx^a ^i 

jA j t^ini<^U jl U jbc- Jluulwl uuau ui&jj ^4lui dJU : (TNT) SJU jAjIoL 



21 a 

. ^ua^Jl j-uiC-j S^laII cjljlxualj LjauVI 



<*-"UL> FA/f 



jjiJI LJ)bUI £jj jjl, 7N7 




J^Lj 4ajJ 25 ^! 20 6- Sjb* 4*j.> J cajaJIdl <^>2 V** : *£^ 




^it« 4iyi ^V <>sU*il 5* JciiuV TNT ; ^ Je^ J^ 1 li * 



22 a 

j j8 jiJu dlilj <^jj}JTNT Jl <> ^i <A>*Sn TNT ji : ^^^ 



4 

TNT 



•r^TNT 
f ^400 



sT* TNT 



r- 



200 



TNTj^i^^ J£ai 



1 

TNT J^ 




AJjJ jl^a £j£j 4j * tr^^b ^ 0^ J^ 4^ &J i i^jj\ TNT Jl 




JjiaJl ^ ^Uu-SUI TNTJ^ 4jj*J 









LwJ *W 



tP £)1 ^311 £j» £jU1 iJA pljji ftJau £juuj 



(Sjail^l JbaJl) u^jjlll PETN o*\j± 



23 a 

. 1^ 4-ac-u *i*^g ^W#^ J^< ^ j*^ -1 

S ja aj J) JUaJI ApII*^ ^a a^aIuu -2 

.Aajj140^ vj^-5 
TNT SjS<>7<10 ^-6 

**>> 225 ^205 Sjlj^^Pj^iL-7 
41j*j Ajj] ^i RDX -it 4#£ Ia-UiII Jl>JI £jJj 45 jH c> -8 

j^ 50 c^! 40 c> _<&l lPW _ J^ d t^* lh^jj^I 6* ^jll j 1 *^ -9 
Jla 4-uituiaJI cjjjailftij 4> jjj£j till 3 4> jj£j jaijj TNT Jl S -A-* c> f l» 

RDX 

^p jxjj V Sj^iUl SjIaII £ji jAj 4jdu£jjjlil fajjJ jil VJ^I ^^ -10 

. o^jj^Ij TNT 

(jdu£jjjlij 4^4 Sjac- J^c- jAj (jdu£jjjiii j^j^ f-^ AJ^ 45S jil <-»jk^l <i!LI^ -11 

4j Jj^I^a jaijj ixiiiA£ jjfl <^ C4 j! RDX J^ 4^ ^4*^ajJ ^lj >" ^jla 

TNT Jl 6- j! f J*^jJI ^tjjfc <> jL£ 100 

JpUSlt M^ S ^^ L&iJ! Jib RDX J C4 JJ* 4^-Jl fc-»W $i Stej* £4 

AaIaJ jl dlu£b 4^ Iflxuaj 4^4 ^j^i t UjLu^) jl UjIaHI La) <-iauuj l^x* 

4 .< »-. ■ ..M » 

jL£ A,ui.AAi 4}^ 4JdVl /Jc- 4>u£jjj£ jla A-uaJ 4^Louiji ^ U& 4^j • 4-alA AJa^La 

(^jak^\ jA life j jfljla AjV SjaiUl Jlj-all £>* aIj^ 



<-Aj* j* RDX=Research Department Explosive)RDX) o& $<* jVI 

( 4^a.>^jj (USj>«!) CJjUjlLluiij 6f Uuil 4>j A^LuuaJ j JJS jUijVI Jj^i 

.(Uikji) jjfl 4^11 j^uuii 

4^u£l 45 J j VI iai-ua 4^>a ^jVj) SjJjJI 4>« J^J c5J^I yl^l 4>^l j ± j VI :4ia^^U 

^ j^ 4JjS SjJjJI 




24 



ijlM :RDX:j^ 



C 6 H12 N4+HNO3 — ► C 3 H 6 N 6 6 + 3 CH 2 + NH 3 

'iU fudii till ma v i« ,-£ 1 1 ij Aiw _| 

kj J 299 ^! 196 s jtj* ^j J -^ j^e -2 

TNT 5^ j- 1,7 *i-4 

*wu^U!l j!ja31 PjajIj ^j jSl j^ -5 

* , IVl f. ■\|-. , ,''l /, i.',i ; l" | y\ ,..\ _fy 

Juil\ ^Liua^J Liul A^iluujl fejjfrj ^jfr|j*fl3l ^fi Jix&La JjUS^iluU-9 




NG l«>-^ jj 2 *^: o^j* 

20C3 H 5 (N) 3 

. Uj £t£ IJ) £jU! ^ >-ai ji ^jlio^l Cx£ Jt* ykj 6^ -1 
V) JajLLuu V ^Hj ^ jial JjIuJ! <Ul& 4x* J^bullj ^UuituA JJIja^I Jfct -2 

J^ L)JJ ^ Ja**" ty J^ L)! 6^ -3 

A^jj 180 &j W&\ i»^b j^iL -5 
TNT -II SjS <>5<1 ^j*-7 

JjlaJlj SjljaJlj ^iA-all j^Iua -8 

LjLuj jjjju - 9 

UjjS ^i hl\jl\ l*i\A\ tj2*l\ ^i U£ jUuaS <J£^ ^ ji t RBG7 ^L&l 



25 a 

. js>aJ! 4£l>^ o^** + J*>^ 4l>%^ o^** + <lM^ 



±1*1\ 







C3 <£> <^1j C4 JJ* v* - ** <> *<*** ^La^ SjU 






^USjj ojW 






26 




{ £bl\} £Liil Ji4 £^\ tit j3 k <fj\ 

4j j£ ^ jii£ 



j^l (^Ud) i _ r ^& ^JJ^C j^i^i _1 

i*j&« sJ 1 ^ 7 4 j RDX <^y £*% 91 -4 



4J fli^ujj <U ji jmjV 



27 





(cr¥?^ JP ) *Jaj*^ vM ^LaY* JJ* tr^ 1 



28 











C3 «#j* u J1 o^i* 

s 

• 1 




\ 

\ 

\ m 

p\ ^ 4vwOtw ioU -1 
j ..... 

l^ijis i&V LjJl! ^JS j «li t^JJ &JJ ^J*1 ^j -4 

PjlP % 20 j jjhV- jj^ %3 j RDX ><%*> ;> %77 -6 







C3 



29 




31 



PICRIC ACID 
Ce H 2 OH (N0 2 ):> 

$?*ttfi* 1.6 ^k^_$ v ^7650 ^ji^iiVj fc*>Jl-4 

^^j QJbia 5 tfyjafiS 4iL-bi iLcj *310- 300 *#3iS ^ ajL^iJt f dj fcatjJ-J 

TNT M j^ i # g ^JSjk «> - 4 

)JlA jp4 *U**.L^ ^J^^uidl ^JjJu-u *LaLuiI) iii-4^ ^j-a v ^ bi *- i — 5 

jdadi <4j2 — 6 
fUJi^^^iV -7 

TNT cJl J-^ >-^ji l^ >^^nj - 9 





^ji^ail djj£-Jl y^^ ^j-al^x 






^^1 Jlj^ ,jdj 4_4lxi2J iJ_klw4l 4l.aU.i4l ^jjj^iii'S JjjjJll 3^-4 ijjA U.-U.-1 ^ja£X> -1 
**4La4l ^J4 ^ *UJ*lfci V^j} ajL^lj Cr*^ vP- 4 AaJT 43L**Jf 



.^.■■■'■J I i , 



La£^'Lc 4j 4*4) ^UJiall Jil toll ■ T n.oa> 4jji . 5 



■"im! y^J-1 ^ 



V*tf 



jii 



3JjJC- PljJl 4-1-a ^JhJ —7 



Wjk f ij* 130 aJjii 

,jU**2W PliuA-L ijji A\ 4JL4 JU*2l 



^)JjniW JjlfUl SjLa ^4 LujLujI LJJ^lLiJi CJJ^ "• ( **U^ U^ "• 



32 a 

J T.N.T SjS <> 1,5 ^j* j-& ^311 U*m S^t iisiyj) 

AJj AaL^J) SjUI! uiua ^ I^jjS i fllLkj *J& £\jti i^ulidlj 

j j!>A*yi ^j JiU AJ^ 3d <^L*p Ldl >j - : ^jIp oUIj - : i 

S^aJ ) Sjluuj ^jj^ii^jjUil 4> £j%j -:j^ ^^^ -:2 

j T.N.T SjS <> 0,92 *±>#ttl ^j L^ f 0*130 cu* Mj^ 

-: tPVI (> £j%j -: £USn cj^LLj - : 4 
.^^•Sri *lj^ 70% * jjljLjjiH %1 <Oi>-^ j>d o /o 29 
SjU Jj*j jA Aj£ AjjdJl t-u^uj ^d ^Vo^ -: cr*^* ^^^ -:5 

-: (J&&1 djj^aau c£ajj jjIjLajjIuJl 

. Jjb^JJ 2 ^ %7 ' Cxj^jjui 93% -:1 

. jjIjL-jjiH %8,4 <0i>*W^ 91,6% -:2 

. Jjiji^jjlH o /ol0 t ^^^jjiJ 90% -:3 

^j^UjJI c^ljjK o /o27 3 JjIjL-jjiu %2,5< l«>-^jj^ 62% -:4 

Oalaai j v*jj jJal £^ajj S^IIj AaJIj £j*j (<J^V) ' ^V™ £u*LLdl g*^i &\ 

Ala 



33 a 

uJSjj jfiUI 4^1^ iiLlu^ ^LS! Jib ^ Cjj^Uj J! <^j>j ^i Aljjla JJafil 

^j-ui^jj^i sju <u* jj^jV ^^ ^i <Qi«i jfcaj ( jfw ji jjpjj^i) s>a <js 



Ji.U (> ^wUjJi JLJI 




4-ijB Oi^^JJ^ » j ^ ^J^ *-W ^JJ £>¥ ^ sJaaILJI 



Jj|>lJl :t>al^A 



C 6 H : (NO : ) 3 N (NO, CH 3 

TNT»J*<> 125 ^j*-3 

^.jJ 129 a J j* (***» ^*b„ -4 

^ /f 7700 a j^i ap jH - _5 

^■jJ 170^! 150 JJc j**k -6 




34 
6PbN qa^*J\ ^j) :o*\j* 

qm\*j1\ ^jjI SjjIaaJ Ijlaj ^U^l ^i JjjVl J^aj £1aj 
j;ikaJl ^iUjII Jjji Ujia ^Jajll <j«la^l fr* *«^ Jc-Ujj 4JV iu-bujf J^tjualt 

^■j-i (380°) :*jM^ * J* A^jJ -5 
^ 7^5327 •jbia**>- -6 



o/ 35 ^^ ^j + o /o 65 ^ (l 

+ % 20 OAh» ji J* + % 10 j^ + % 30 <^ Chj + %30 l*j* (2 

% 10 6jfi 
o/ 35 u ^l\ ^U ji JiU a^L* + o/ 65 ^jl (3 

o/ 10 fUla c^J + o /o 25 ^| J^ + o /o 65 ^jl (4 

% 35 <^fi + % 65 l)^& (5 
o/ 5 (LUx.) A£U + o/ 95 ^jl (6 



,.35 - a 

l^-i J^ajJ : f Uaiil ^i cj£j ^L-ajjc ~ ju£l\ H^t AjaUj Sjjjli ^2aaJ 



cJj>iil// «[>£>>// tjWie// 







T 



35% Qti^ 

65% 3 
Cil jLuij Cjjj 



> 



-Ls^y stiLklp 



j*«-Sl// t^**> Qjjj&? 






36 




UyiUIl i*>SU £l^jj TNT <^ 3I Jill S jfl 6- 1 '2 ^ j '^jfr^ ^ -JaLVj 



37 




- MH 



TNT SjS c> ht nJbijsM) JLs*-£sLJ* 



38 a 

<-&jj SjljaJi S Jbji till J j AjjilftiVI djJjj l^J) ciluxa lu ^a ^ djbP <jA j 

h*Jt %12 + ^AH>Al *!>u TNT +22%% 76 : JU^I k^ : -1 

^j^Sn Sjjj. % 20 + e^H^^^ *t£ %80 : JUAuSfl kill -2 
.<U*iAl Sj^ %20+ ?jA** V! ^Iji: TNT + 40%% 40: Jj^l ^ -3 

Ijjj£ jjbj Vj <4Al>^ o^vj u frfo^ <4u>U>^$^ LyzA* U* t-jj^ -1 

^>J-* 660 Sjl j^ AajJ ^ j^ali -2 

f. \>^\\ Aljll up -4 
I4I4 ^L-aj ^1 Lfr ou iJ ^ j MJjaJa4 ^ j±LaII £)P SjLp f j^lAl SjJjj :4ia^U 

4-uLlaAJ) CJb£ ja!\ uLjju 
tgj Sjj^a. CjUSja £j£jj <j!a*J! If^axj £* Jc-Ujj 4u%a£ ±\ja (J> SjLp ^ 

.RDX j TNT -it <£* ^jST) -Jtj^J u^ljl 0& ialii^l ^U^l t^-alj* 

4-uLuu^l ia&liJ! Ju «3 
Uaiaa * I jaila Paula £jj£ij o^axJ! IfrJaau £* Jalaj AjjUajS j| ja £fi> S jbc- <^A 



lasujij ^ls^i ^ jjiii 



AL + fjAgVt *Lff (ft* J*£^l 



4^ 



TNT Jit *bS>d! 



sju <> jj£i jj£j ji ±y 



lal2 dJ^lj SjU (Jj^ l)» l£^ 



jouaaajj f Uj) d u*d£ Aula j 6 uS ilLi 
^I^xjIj 4Jjx* SjIj^ A>*J ?&> £* 

SjjkaJl 



Sjjkk Jja.j £aj 4Lxa SjIja £Aa.J-J 



iki^j Jjk» J^aill ^jj j! £1aj 



ikiwj Jjiaj J^iil ^jj £)i 6^ ^ 



6j*uxa jl *LaLui CJljl^ ^Jj^i a^ 



Sj-uxaj A-aLuu CJljlc- ?r j^2 






(jlaU^Sn &* \$m\W\ (> ij V 






aj& JS Jj*i <^l N02 



AL Ia>j f j^^H SjJjj 



CJJlj ^jjailall U&2S CJJlj Utt : i&*3Li 



: 1^ <UU cjUi^L 

^11^ lai N^Jj ui TNT J! Ju ALjla c^ I^jjS ^ JL3 CJU£>ftil o^u -1 

iU|4t Ji*j C4 jj* <^l Jl* dtjlt £* UjJ l^jS iiti cjLS^I <>u -3 




40 



'•Mj^fr'Afr S jS <KkjiL* 









r; \ 



** e"J c- 



?L*100 



?'j*100 



;4jjiyL. t> flj 







V 1 5 ^'J^ ijJ JI1ft ^ (-JMwtLiSl JuiaJl iiLiuj 



Vj*AjU2 i-ujUjJ} ifiiil 



TNT ^ 61 V s8 " j ^ 4i * ^ ^^ 5ja,j 



<j*ijij J<-wi l^V^jU Jj£)>-a ^l4*iu) J^aiVi 



^jtaU-«UjaJi 




I j -.V- ^} j ^a~; *t i i *i *u 



, jcili*^j3jj fit <Ul& ^i 



Jjto 






^< 



c^i 



P.ftS JS ^i LLk^} au -1 



0^ "^ 



TNT id j* 13 C3 J ] s ^ su ^ g-»*i&i v ^ jjfi ^ f $>* 



41 





42 



.LiaJi ^ic ^jij^iuJi 3 ja 4ijx^ 






( 5iLo J£ (jo f*l_>> (jbLuUDCi) <ju |jl gull! u±jLjqJI 




tluij /j . jl 'i ' i Mule, jpi i^'ijni ijjdl 
J^lw *-^a. M^ld ^a j^S ^j^pJl 






TNT -SI c£* U^ Sjill i4jk4 SjU <> Qjjll ^ I4&4 IkU 
(Jjl\ t>j^lal\ SjLaII 4ja£ uUduA jl J^IO /Jj 5 l>a t ^ c A ' " AajJ3L4 4^aiua j-uaaJ 

jjjj 1^X4 uja, ^1 TNT SjAj dJj^Jl dJUil £j£j ^jIujIa Ol£ iJlfi I^Ia^j 



jULI ^j ^ gjliJI J Culijl <±j*a1\ SjUil <# Sj^iUil SjUII J o/ o7 o 



43 +. f 

. Aj jS Jaxua Aa j*a 

KC10 3 

Potassium Chlorate 

^ J^lJj CJJjUil &* Sjfl .luil ^A j t Sj^ilaJI iai^Jj A^li^ ^ J-axLuuj AjjS 
1^X4 £l£ 1 J) Vj J*l& Vj jSjii l^Jli 4£jj^1 o^a* (> SjIaS l$Jp CM** jl 







-1^^ jl*»i J>*> <•'* 4-2 j^, 

TNT ^00 Jai «^*d 






Jilj^ <©■>* 12 -1 
,03.- 'a' 8 " Vj ■ i»'i* 1 ~ 2 



jjiiji 



j 1 1 •»,* 



Jl 



■* * 4 - j 4 * - S j+J*^1 j*H Jji ^Aj *0^£ K J*11 „ *^j*i JAj 







?L* 4 - - J>> -2< 

*|j^1c7S-m-»cU «_«jii SjLi; -3 4 







ju (jAfill crtjjUfl JiiS 



Ciijaii. jil cJ ttJ jl 



JljM A&jut £j£jj 1:1 A^uail o-iL CJljjkij <>f Jbj JjjSi J*fc ££*! £1& 

Jjjb J^xi ^luajj JlxuiVl <iua l^^fc cJp dljjlill ^ jiLjl Aj^j CJJlJ jjjj 

CJljjIS 1 + ^U jiw 4 Cjjja 4+jtl ^^-afllj jjj-u 

klli 1) £j£j jluJj ^LyJ di£j ^Ijjlil! JLyU CJJJJ UK <U1 J$Ifl klli 1) 1^1 ^Uuuib 

jj> o^ if^uiyii ^j %35 ^j m^< 4j*i (J ?j*dijjb ^IjJ^ ^JJ 



^jjUAjivi Sjjjjj ji^ij cjijjiiii 4> ^uJia JjUS Jac- ££aa 



45 a 

^aiijj CJljjiSJj <> A^LkJ JjUS J^c- ££*-* 

(JJS o^l jUj ) ^ 20 + f j*uA<*J) ^jjjl£ 30 



Cit jjKi! ia&Li 


^Ua^!5U 


H^^^U^ 


taolaJl CJlJjLa 


f 




32 
8 
4 


AL SjJjj 


1 




42.5 

7.5 


S 


2 




48 
4 


AL SjJjj 


3 




44 
6 




4 




40 
10 


42 

7 




5 


JjjtuJl Jla * 


25 
15 
10 




6 


J tS J W J) ^^ O^J c^ && J** 1 * 


9 
1 




7 



UJljj&t !a£U 


CjUa^SL 


L^^y^ 


Jajl^lt CJlJjLa 


f 


JUIu.1 Jxluu l^ilfi £jl£ £j.b Ui 


1 
1 




8 




43 

7.5 
8 

3.5 


AL SjJjj 


9 



U£ OjjJb u-uij <**^W ^J« -M^ i J* 


2 
1 
1 


s 


10 




30 

5 

5 
5 


S 
AL SjJjj 


11 




24 

8 
8 
8 


s 

AL SjJjj 


12 


£b jii jam j j <Ij>a 4J * 


37.5 
5 

2.5 
5 


AL Sj^jj 


13 


djjaij] ^jiwfr JfrUa 


45 

3.5 
1.5 




14 


03% ^ c&ftjJ 3 *^ <> *1>* 7-3 


35 
6 
9 


AL SjJjj 


15 



CA jjKil L&l 


CjQa^SL 


L^^y^ 


Jajl^lt (JjUjLa 


f 


OrfljUl! AjI Jl uiaj * 


44 
6 




16 




35 
1.5 

3.5 




17 


JjOui jfc j <j^a&\ AijW^ <^*^ * 


26 
13 
13 


S 
AL SjJjj 


18 



4j1jj^»ua^ 


V^~ 








18 


^ ji«AjjJ! CJljjK 






9 


lUiail «1« 






9 


jlu< 






3 




19 




3 


S 






3 


^ 






3 


AL SjJjj 






18 


^jiwUijJI cjIjjK 






3 


* J 1 *- ^0 J iXJ^JJ^ 






3 


^ 






3 


^J^ 


20 




6 


jlu< 






9 


AL SjJjj 






9 


ajJ^tjjJl '-'<*■*■ *»j' 






42 


^ jj«AjjjJ! <Ii!jjK 


21 




6 


S 






35 


fj±JljA\ d\jj^ 




■i#>j<!j3* 


10 

2.5 


OjaJa-TNT 


22 




7.5 


AL Sj^jj 





CJljjI^I JaSLk 


i^Ua^iU 


L^^^u^ 


kiiaJ) CjUjIa 


f 




45 

5 
3 


AL SjJjj 


23 




42 
6 
6 


S 


24 



£i£ <> Al ± V * 
1 : 1 V-*^ ( tr 5 " 5 *- 4 


45 

5 




25 




44 

4 

1.75 




26 




40 
10 




27 




40 

3 




28 




48 
6 
6 




29 


jjV o*Jj ^^jj S>« TNT <> t* J*' 


45 

5 




30 




45 

5 


Tonic j*^t ^0 


31 




6 
0.5 
0.5 


S 


32 



L$jjA|^ I^jjjC- fAij ^A^allj dl£I*!>U 4^uL^ jj£ ^ jJ^SH ^iIjSj jjj*j 
jduUSI ^i L*jj ciU ja ^i Lg-Ljau fjj Ajjlajil <> IfllxaaJ j 4jjIajJt (j^aL-alaV 

(^) ^iju- c^j o /ol0 (^^j jUul ) rS £jj!t\ aja %90 . jjSri 



■^ %21 C'J*#) TNT%15 



49 



e jjj^n ajz %64 . ^i^j 

(a\xLl\ Tela) ajJj^I 







^ jjUj^H ^IjH JaSU 


CjUaa-^L 


H^^XUhU 


iajlaJl tliUjLa 


<" 




45.4 
3.8 


1 : 1 


1 




42.5 

1.75 

6 


AL f j*Vitf S jJjj 


2 





y-SO- 






Denamon 

Jjjjuj c_iui^J! SjLuu jjAo^i £jl u&j 


45 

5 


1 : 1 


3 










^ jjj^f! t^ljJJ iaSU. 


i^Ua*!!* 


w^^^u^ 


U.uti,-..:^ 


f 


(jj&j (JjiLua ' *■-** * 


45 

2.5 
2.5 


AL »j-ijJ 


10 




36 
3 
11 


AL f j^»jtf SjJjj 


11 


fr*H tt*3 AaJ! j jj CioH 8 l*^ * 


42.5 

2.5 
3.75 
1.25 


AL <\fc£«jtf SjJjj 


12 




30 
10 
10 


AL <\fc£«jtf »jJjj 


13 


Ammonium Oxalate* 

^ C^l* <>U£ f ^L-2 C 2 H 8 N 2 04 


44.5 
0.5 

5 


Oj^TNT 


14 


uiS^> Jjfrtua jl ^Jb J| ^Uaj * 


40 

2 
2 


♦♦>•♦ 


15 



















51 




Sj^ji djjiull o^U <> 30 -3 tu« ?b* 50-2 f U J4 50 -1 

%65 

^fl bjj^l *^lj^ umijj ia^^U bjj^l Jj^-4 /J) S^lj 4*3 J djjluij <jIxalA u^ 
oiUa.Sri <> U^^ %25 j£J* ^J^\ ttejLfi ?\m^\ 6^ <^ 



52 a 

(jlxftl^j i ( Jfctai! l^_La * * i dJ /Jill JJj^i <^A ) AjJj^ai! CjUjjjS AJa^U 

Ljjj ^ |j* 300' ( v*^ ^^* ^ £Wrf ) v*^ c^ <-*^ (^ <>*^ 4u%^ 



LjjJI CjIjIj la&U 


^Ua^U 


u^^^u^ 


U.utt.-.ny. 


f 




32 

16 

4 


AL SjJjj 


1 


JcLuaj JjIuJIj jA JajiaJl lift jaiL * 


48 
4 


AL f j^>jii SjJjj 


2 


^Jb jj ljSja Jjfrlua ^Uaj * 


32 
8 
8 


AL f j*i«jtf S jJjj 


3 


JjjtuJl Jla * 


35 

10 

5 


AL f j^»jti SjJjj 


4 


JjjtuJ! Jla * 


45 

2.5 
2.5 


AL f j^>jii SjJjj 


5 


(JjLuJ! Jl« * 


45 

2 
2.5 
0.5 


AL f j^»jii S jJjj 


6 



















53 




jLaaII U >f4li + cilifcV^ JlJuJiU ijlj^S^ ^j-l £S^ ii4>LiJ1j ^-jLSj^JI ^) ^j-ijjaJVI ^j-^ ciL-ij 




*• * 




Cit aJIa^ga a 





5 <> S jiuj ^ 240 cP! 110 (> £>* ■"> j^ JjLUil jb2 AC - 1 

^J^Mj^i *J* <-*-^ uLx^a dj^lj (~) 6>j j^»! 15 J>\ 

<>j c^jfli2 ^j ^j* 1,5 <> £|j3i S^ >j :y &au& ^LjUaJI jU DC ■ 2 
tfjS*ja-ij(— ) DC>j ( *U*Ltfl CAjJ^) ji^\ 200 J\ ^ 0,5 

(lh) <-*J^ J^*4j J-0 S ^ tr^J ( A ) J^&t >J -3 

( S ) cij^ j^^j m*\ d> > J (V ) *ljHI >j -4 

<ibl$lu,j S^j ( W ) ±W >j -5 

: ori^ c^*j cjIjUJI ^LjUaj J* Zij£A\ AH *-tfs -6 



54 a 

^ Sjjli ^jUa^l oi > dlj <> " j>ydUlt AH70 ^ ^J^i* ^J^i : J^» 
»j* ^ J*u J^ dUA jl£ jlj <^ ^ S^jll iftlyJI ^i j^l 70 £^! 

S^ljil 4^1 J AC * Wj^ £>^ ji £^ gr^ 60MZ jl 50 *-•£** -7 

j^i J*iooo=j^i l -io 

fji K= 1000 1 -11 
f ji 1000000 = U^ M 1 -12 

^ <> diui julu-i taaj diiij ) jasn i^jtui oUjU ji^L Lib jw^n -14 

*bj$* i^iiiii f^Ji ^1 =J*aJI -15 
Jjliail *bj$£ _ Aj>u^ djjj^ia _ DC ^Uaj) f Lj$Sl\ j±*a = £u*l\ -16 

AC 

DC j-2*- jt# (^bjUaJl) 
AC (•"» VJ^ J^ (JjLUJI *bj$£) 




j^i a^\ £j£ 



i i£-^ ^-> 

^ j,>vi jJ>:i w ^p ji^ 

Jij *U*-«aj ^Ip jlw^^fl ji i 



*>I J jl JUaj) AijA-4 HJLS 

LLku jU^V 1 -^ ?jl 200 j^i 



jWVI -1 




?J j 200 jlfr^l w ^ ^i^ jSl ^ 

i«Luj j-1p >ij2l ijLj ^jpUalt 



jLjlkJl ^^i ^jjLi JuLZ 

■T* - ^v ^J V ~ ^ ^ 

Hjjikii: ^jji ^J) j* dc 

J_ ^Ip ja*}$\J*±a$&^ ill w VuaJ ,aJ 

U.L4 &i ^ 




4£.LuJI ls* «J>«JJ^ All^luu ^ J!) jJJ-iVI 



>jltLJL njUit 







57 



58 



JLjUuJt £jjjU -2 




4oalAoJf 03-^^ 



ij>l_9 ijOdii L9JS ,3>b <Lia>j <-u2j3 



A _>wo^l ijv^jLuJI ii-iii 



V^fr=A 



V oJ^I 3a ^sJI JjS 













=jj-wV'i x 


*UjIa1'i 


-1 


s-WV^V'l = 


*UjUd'i ■ 




-2 


*u^ul 


=j£*Vl- 




-3 



^r 



Ijjj jiJi ui&i 



4kt>Mo 



C^JyJ\ lyiaw j^- ^' ^<UgU*Jt Oj^aij ^*a^ CrtfjAf'WjAO i-UjJ Jti* 



Ltj» ajai -3 







.^1 = 


- cjJ^aJI - 


- 10I3JI 


ojyil 


:J-UL& j| -4 


- W>JI 


J0I3JI 


= oJyJI x^^l 




r 

Jjjj j ill Oil 






Jj/jl? J y^ky jjj^yf ±j£ LjJjAJf ljjjJu'j j ui^JJs/jJf djjJ JUL* 



CJbjUaJl -4 




USA 



59 



ObjU^ull yl^l 



£&§k 1 < 5 







^ 



uVUbUU 



J AJ^L^a 



£ • J *Uu!l 



** d * 



AA&pfci 



AAo"^ 
1<5 







lUU 






5.1*1 j AjjUsj C^jflj CJbjUaJl £±az. j#a\ i Jaxl g jljSl) ^k- Cilajj |S)j -1 
d^lj AjjUaj j^ij CJbjUaJl £j-*a> Ciijfl ^^lasu ^Jljjil ^ dlajj jjjj -2 

. c^jlail ^i J*tj fAJJe £j£j L)! J^Vlj c J* J j 
1500 t^j J^ J^ ^J* <>*j jAj ^jLixil Cj|jai*l! La/! UUall jjUaa 4>J 

AC J^jj-*II j^£^ j&*\ J-^ 4 ' ^'*'^ 4jj&**^1 

< JjLua djjfdij CJjfl 700 <j^\ ^ dljill J^-aj IjJ-^l <j^^ kiwi jJL^aII j^j 

AC ■UjIaJI jLuIIjjaaI J1a L2ajj 

<i!U& <jl L&1& J^i uL^j AA lh^ £jbjUaJ U&a ^Liuu (jll\ a-uujJl ^.oa 
CJlj^i t$j CJtuAl*]! J£ Lfljlj jju^j 3 ^Ij J^aj ^llp U jju^l AA LH&* CjLjjUsj 

4 itti a 



61 a 

<> 10 j&& &k^ ( i&jA\ ) E 0*&* ^J* 9 AjjUaJl 

( hj*XL ) . Lid JpUall iilL-jj ^ j| jSl! ^DC M***fl J^^ 

( ^J^W ) . (gj^ J& &\j** LH^l jaij ( AjLjj^ ) AA cH^» ^j>M 
( Ajjaalb ) $ jljSJ! ^ JPl>^a o*a1 jaij D LH^» ^jj^t 

IJ) ^p^a o-fcdlj JJafllj Jjlal U jUaP Jj% <j ji jSlI ^Ip Cilajj 1 2) dbjUaJl 

t^j* <>0<9 jl 0<7 SJbjJ ji^jftn 4^ j4& LUS *jjaui* ^jUaJlC^tJl 
. c^ijfl 9,7 j! £A£ 9,9 jS^jftl <^ j$&> LUS 4Jjaui* C^jfl 9 AjjUaj Jtia 
ja& j^l^aij dluuj ^ jijSl! ^ O^t^a J^ 2 £^^ AAA lH^ *aiM 

.(^jauib) 



CJbjUaJl J^j2 J> 



AA 










w^t 



' 2 

I i 1 ^j* 1 .5 







(T'Q^ 



AA 




'0,5 



cJj* 6 



62 

4>i>AZill ^tijjJoJL JoJjl>joJI JLluOjjjJI 
ijJIjjJL ij^jjI5 iSjIjjjJLj c^j 



© 




CSfc} 



iT~Qha (T^&^i 



[ Jl HI H J 



c 

^>3 



AAlT-J^ °Lpj^ 8 



*jub (tj^zdl Uj^jJI Jj^jojjJI Jdj^ 





-AjjUaj *Ofc 



jnU^I ^ J cA$$ ^ 





5Jaa^U 




^JjJllua ^ JiJj ij 


CjLjUiJ] JL J^ 


y>j 


CjjJjj J^Aj ^jl ^ j j ■-•^ diuj^Ljl 


^Auaa 




J_^ Jj*ma v i Jaj j^*j 


^5. 



^LjUaJl 




i ^ 



tf jtjfifl 







j^a\ > A rfU ]| 



gj afl H 



j jluixil CiljaiAl! -5 



Sjwti g J~*l\ jaiall | Tjalyal) (3L. -1 



iiua» _6 



SJ 





^UJlits* -2 








II 


"^ai^l4ju2aj -3 






■ 4^jHa1| w «Li <ju*aj _ 4 



^tjllall jJjS LfcJaj ^1) jjaiull <L**2aj (> JjjajJI ^uAa -3 








1500 > ,*is 



w^lBj ^jy 15QQ £>>* 

'^-jSa; 0i sL^^Jj .j^ 1 ' ( 7 — 1 ) J^%A\ 'J5 v rv a '' J ,w^ (1750 j i 



AC J&*' 


gr-jj) 


,_5j£-4*Jl 


^>^LJl jgi*) 4-«*U AiaaiL* 


^tjfll ^ijee* 1 * £ 


ttaj tf jl 


>J1 ^Jfr Jcb-ail Jl 


c^*^ 








j^al V .o jtLLaj 


jjLJi 



iLftlilt -6 



65 





CjUjUouJI Jjj >oJtlll pjC&JUdJ uj^LqJI 
0J3J 700 <jJI J*^! sjJLc^ oJ^S £>io3 

qjSJLJI i>U Jois iil^tj aJLmpo ^uijS^ 



<^ ^ 



uai 



jc^j^l -7 





. Ji*Ul*^j £)"* Ai^A-4 * *-^t) Aj^uujj JjC-Ij^ ^$Aj 4 4Jj*uu£l| 

<> Sj^Ua SjIja ilbj ^j^ ^j— Sfl Jj^W J^* <£ J-* J^^ -3 :o**^ £>^ 

J-asuj * *'^M ^jjUlui^L jA j 4 Ji-uuVI £)A T J^La jA J AjjU *u£j jLuu /Jp Jj^iil 

. Jjiiil £4 Jaju Ua o^ij 2 f£j J^tuaij <tuij jA : Ala^U 

CJlC'LuiJ CAjJAJjl! £4 A JAM lUJ 4 UJJJ^iilj 1 flj lull ^J AAAAAlt CJljLiuJlj 

<ji ^ jjiii su^ £4 ac uj£i\ jt^ij dc j-a-uii jbab j^iLj c^a>ui 

jfe j^ili V (jti &\j*>1\ <> £jtf» »^J DC tfj^fc cPWj^ : £^ £^ 

jAj c JcL^il dJ^a^l AjjjSjU! S.Ltlt £i£ut |j) VI \+A\ cPWj^^ J^ Jj^J 
^i £u§jalt ^Sj < ^jLj t SjjJP <^j!jj J\ S^aIj A^ll cPjSjj JPL-a <> I^jj £|jj! 



67 a 

iJaja^l SjUII ^j flftyiaatil lilLu ^ £1 Vj (^Wj^ J^LuaJl CjUjIa 

Cjj£j1]| CjI^Luuj CjIjj^jjII £a * s ^"> mjj uujaSIIj uLuuIj ^j AJLjLJaJI CjIjLiuJIj 
£)>lu,) J ^ Jji!) Ste^ j4 AC -"j^ j^bDC j-2*-^l jbllbj^iLj 

Ajj^UII 42.1a j Jc-Ual! £a JfcU ^L ^j#ib cP^ J&L-a ; jJic- ^JUJI £jUl 

ttjL 30 c^! 15 <> >•**! AjjI u^ 
jc-L-aJI £* J^*jj Jc-Ua £j-^ cA* d> J-P& <,*%** ci^^ • J^ y^ t^ 

jlaJj £&jl\ ^i &Ai jj£ (£tyi|jl) £hl\ Sib ^i ^SUaIII J^Ij^I : 4&^!>U 
<£ JJ* (4 J^ 3*3 J-^1 *&&* Ub Cfilj 4 ^j Jc-Lyall A^&jk i j£& £A\j1\ £jU| 

Lajj Jaxjj AC -"j^Il Ji^\ J& <>*j (| jj* <>bj$* Jc-l^a : j^ jjjjll £jUI 
f±* ^ £ilji E ll^ 4&DC ^bjtM Jfe j^ Vj ^>-xil j^II ^ 

JJUaJ) Jib c^jt&S J jlL^j 

■UjILaII jbill J& Uajj <>u DC ^b>M J* Ja*2 Jil\ JpI^I J£~: &*.%* 
CJbjUaJl ^ <>*2 V ^i AC ^jS^I jL^I ^ J^ <^l JPl^-all UJAC 

DC 

AC -N J^^ J^ 0^ J*ffl» DC Jl"^ji j^ ^1 
A^Ij 70 AjAa ^! ^jjj ^Ltftil Ajjaoib: i^Jtili Sjj^II ^:>^ o-^liJI ^jSli 



68 




ij&j^ o^ a j*j <!<<* 4J*p *yf-k 







(Ajj^I c^u ) ^jUil ^Ly&UI J^L^ij :> ^ j_M 



69 





70 



4^U*£l j£>>-aJl 







4_ajUa£I1 jjitt^iaii Jj^ 


i^jjl 


4*a 


Aiiaj 30 15 


>^VI 


Aljaj 10 7 


jj^Vi 


Aljaj 90 60 


u^Vl 


acU 5 2^5 


j^VI 


4X.U 11 


ji-aVI 


^tlw 21 


JjJ* 




4jjL-4£ii Jj£4j*-a!| 










71 




AjJIjJj c^jUaSII JfrUall Jai-JaO^-ljV 








LgJU.*,uril ^^fr *4uu n j a : : j JUbtVI Sj^uS ^Umla *M Jjfr Ijh^II 4^U ; 4Ja^!iU 







73 









(«jUI1 Jfrluall 




jjaial] £luaj ij*M\ Jjiill £-4 (|jUlt JPi-uall 



WW * »*--^ ^^ -^ rw ^J^J 




74 



4^fe J$j3 *Jj*$J *4i*J t 1 * ^t r * O* 4SJ* 






f 


| 






75 






cj*-jj (JUjt* &i** 












* 








f L * f *f ♦ *? 



Luajj Jiuui ^ ^J^- 4 AujIIluSLII Jjc-ij-^l (>a*j dtlAj 



76 




- + 







77 



Itlijjij Ubj£j Vjia Sjn^M .kujj ^jpU^Sl v^>* u^^Ji 



2 



3 







5 



(jWtfl (> 0<2 J^ c£" Jc^t 4Ja*!>L) AC ■">» 

. Alt jUu uua j^iLl £A£ jUbu JpL^I -3 

d^jfl t-L^jj ^ij4 jl) . * jjf **** <-^uAift3i Cliljill = j^VI x 4-ajljLaJl <-Jj*2aj 

( ^ 

DC ^jfi 1 = j^IO '5 x2u>: 

>J TNT -N <>jl£ t&*- Jl) *—* <> <&l £Jb jaij j! feialuu JPL^II -4 
S jailaJl Jlj-aJl £>* J^^ ^ J O- 4 J^' J^*iJ ' ^J"' 1 '"^ A La ' djj Jlj-aJj £)* 

. 4-uuLuAil iaj !*£J) j RDX J^ ^tuiaJj 
l^jfi 4^ Jjjla ^ <^bj$* J^U-a ^Ij <j Jbdl JpUall Jjjaj AJjfuu ££aa -5 

. Uajj 4L£ AlijUu dLij JJ3 
f Ij* 0<8 iuaj*-dl Jl^l (> f Ij* (> JH 4j i^jaII ^bj^II JpL^il -6 



78 a 

±^j E l3*3j Uj^ Gllo. l^jfl ^1 E U^ *J*1\ ^iljtfl <^k dJ^j IS) j -11 

. Uj#^ DC j^i 

<^k JPl^-all iajjj Jjjj jjj^ Shj * ^Jlj^l ^ Jplj^II J^-ajJ iSU ^i 

. jjs ^ i^k vjjL iuai ^ujii^ij < ^ jijin 

# 4L£ Alalia dlyu AJj^l^J J-ifrij 

^ 160 ^j 20 (> <^ cr-JJ^ i*-M ^ J*^ 4J* cr^^ 0^1 -15 

. Jfcty J <Q£^, jfejf. <Lk jSjj jaJ! Sjlj^j 

JC-l^a Jja. AjjU J^ij^a 10 j! 5 5*^J l£*^ tfJ-^W J*^ J^ij^i -16 

S j^ AjjU^ TNT ji^ 50 j^ ^ILj j*t j ^bj^ 

. Jiu&l <> Aija-4 AajtLu^Ui Jjtlj^aJl 
•Mi l)' J^ <> f Ull cjaj Ujj Sj^p iyul <>jSsi ^ £l £i*j jpL^ll -18 

ujjUj UiaC J$j ) Ualu^l f Uli J^ij^ii (jajti p&> JJa&lj< As-tyu 300 (J^J* 

l^Ljau ^2j f LJI £a*j A£.Lm 300 f Js) 15 Iftf^a jj Jc-lj^all ^> A^^a^a <^k 

S.ul) d4t J!5U. f UI) C^au j;^ Ktt jJaluuj . (%100 ^^a ^^ ^J ^ -^ 

^Ij^b <Gj3jj Jiui^l 4> iu-UIII JC^j>l]j qaju Jc %±f±y& {&Ji\ -19 

. c^JJ^i <^ 4jjM M^ LH^JJ^< (> f- 10 -^^J JPl^l -20 

". ( <^t> ) ^i AljSj jjP AjjjSjill A^buill JPlj^l -21 

. Ojja^t ^i jaiLj ( - + ) t-^>* Vj uilLyi Ajfl ^ jpUall -22 

l^Ji UlJLAfl f IjJaa. jl f Ijiua jl f Uaaj CJb£te Jc-lj^II ^k t^jfXa Ij) -23 

A-al^Jj LJUloxil ^ Laj*a^ S^^jjij Sj^tail ^jSc-Ud a)^a1umJ JuaL -24 

jii4jflVb I^UjIIa o-bS JC-l^all f Ij^i JjS uaaj -25 



79 a 

Sjp jUittl ^* >^ -^ '•** ^ ^^J J^W J^ 2 -V ^^ j**z v -I 

/ i^ti A«n,..| ^^, v^jj) ' *;*'"* A>^ luli j^ij j? s " -tL <^ljS 

^jjjll ^LlII jc-UajA Aluullil 4_aj^SU (ij^ail Jc-UaII ^k' Jj^aaJj j±*a* -27 

(^j^L)^^ jiij o-uiii <>" jjai eJ i^ Sri jpi>^i j^ - 30 

AjjUIIj ^ibj^il! tfc^jL J^l>^l ^ Ijkk JjJ! Jldu -31 
DC >*^ J^i ^lj £b*j Jji^l ^IIjSl! Jc (jpSy^S J^jS 4JU ^i -32 

AC •">" J^»i uL-ajj A^lj jj 

DC j^-^ j&J lI^j **\j ^Uaj £jj>J! ^i jSlI Js. IfLuajj 3JU ^j -33 

AC **J*a j&*\ ckH^j 
iallj S.JC- <> jj S±^lj 4L& <> ^ jljSll ^ Jcl^l J^-ajJ ilU ^ -34 

-"j^AC J&d **\j j! ( J^^a JSJ) £jfl JS1 >aluiA DC J^i tiyflj £U*j 

. AjjUittt **>^ *^! J^^ c^ J^>^ -35 

ti<*£LJ1 (J jt < l^V* J^ <-^ dL ^! ^ £*l>*aJl JllJ Jc-"l>^l J^ajJ -36 



80 




AC JJjIaII Jr^\ ij^ J***^ i jf*\j+A ^tjA-y a 










4>ali Jj±a> l$Jj 



AC JJ ^ 



i 



* tow 



ar.:-! 
1 *pr*nB**S»taf 



Jg* *«* « 



2 
5 
10 



10 

7 



a ! 



CJ 100 VA 
O 240Q 

?-' 275 VA 



tyst 



2 

5 
TO 


20 
20 
20 


2 
5 


SO 
SO 
40 


2 


120 


5 
10 


100 
90 


2 

5 


909 
275 


10 
10 


170 



! 



20 
20 
20 

?5 

25 
20 

30 
25 
20 

50 
5S 
60 

120 






JJjlAii jluii ^ J^u <^l J^jj^aii ^ cjjUj S^ Ja£ 4u) !^ 4_«U ila^^U 



81 






-/ 



\\ -*\\ 



^Lj^Jl JP LualJ^Luaij £j& 




a^) — — 'aI*UU SjLa ^j^jl4 J^l^i ^Ja j ^^a SjLa ;U^i^j ajLg 



-2 



-5 -4 



-5 



-5 



jpIj^j Jj^ajj 



af-W 






it".' 



1*/^ 



10 



(2 



Ij32) ^ J*l>d «£sU 



J^£ | 




iit A jifrUa ^-J* U j-aAjJ <-j. alkali ^. aill 



* uaJ | t^il {£ \j^ i ^aJ^3 lj ftlk&3 j tlJ aftl l 



82 







l 


1 




f» 2-1 




P 90-30 



AjjUi! Sjlj^lil Jja^JJ ^ 4J*a JlilouJj 4 (^ J^l CJ^' ^J Ai^' tJlP AjjIj t Jj-yuVI 

. 6 J^^ ^>-J j^ii &L>*-^ SAU*^J 




83 




CiSjjotf* 



J>wt -AjuW 



.1 

2 
3 



JiUl J* ^V) J^wVl J^ J^ 



( ^tiuSb ) ^U2jJI 

(cs^jj) jL*frl\j j^SM 

^ 6- PETN &£$ jix RD Jl <> f b* 2900 £ t£M c£" : A^^U 

( Sj^l J Jsi\) JU 250 Ifijla ^ o-S3jjdl 



84 



{ ^jjUI } $y>£l\ JU>J1 




1 



^jjSi] LJlLj &Stf Jfil 



4jajjJl hil j-» JjV 



iA#i *M 







SjXwJl d^P 



2 



85 



^ 



if*J> O^JS* 



^ 



^.j^il »L*j) iij*-4 Ja L^-i -LV ^ijjiall a JA 



> 



& 



^io4>si 



^j*e <j*£ajj£ 




gp© jilt (j-Sjjjill -bjj ,> JjV 



Jjjwj Jj^V ^.>^ 










3 




4-nuni ibjj» 




tr 




^ jjj£ll (j-ij a-iae- 




- 



(*jj*uJ!j f ^^laJ!) Jj^uVI J^^l Cfi- CjLajIx^j fcJL^j 

b Ai^j Al&j*ji 4£jX4j MJLajlLuuI JjS Jj^uVI Jj^I ^J^ L>* ^ V - 1 



86 a 

0* 90 *4j\j* **±*j Jl*-WI ^»> (> 45 *4j\j* J>-Sfl J^l jU <> V* -3 

CJjj^il £Jajj ixwjli <> AjJaL AjSjj-AJ 4L>*W J >-^ J^ J 1 ^! J^ -4 

JULL^VI JjS JjjSil! ^ku« 4-£Ly, <> jsblt .5 
%* <J1\ ji J*a* la^ J^l! Li!>! J^l Stej* -6 

l+fr * !^l j*A£ V J&twall till ^211 ^yi SjJkl! (p^jj^l) j^Ull d£U\ <J -1 

hx*£ SjU jj J^aV la^u jail^l JjjSil! <J! jfai Jp&l dUw|>a -2 
j,jU^ j^ f US! ( X ) Uallt Alj>ib u^JJ^» £^ ^ Stelj-t -3 

3l* ^i ^yi 10 £)P A V Laj < ! ^-uijJJ J-4 <^J^J ch^jjj^I J«aj $Uy|j-« -4 
d-lU^I SjjjJIj o^a^Ij CJUA.uaJfj AjjUI! CJlillail <y* Jjtill 4jU* uaaj -6 

.JLoiyiV! JjS Jjyi]| £kyj 4-£tyi <> .tffclt -10 

.dji&j 4Auu11I| 4-aj^VI ^j (Aiiitll 
^Ulbj JPl^l <> Sj^£ 3*4 f tJilwij 6^ (o-^JJ^) J**^ J£N tA -13 

.S.1.1A4 JPl^-a S.JC- £P SjbPj^i t CJbjUaJl ^i jfljj 
. (j^jjllb Aiajj &> Jc-luai! cilk ^u 10 4> (> ^ -14 

(j^jjjiii -l 

j^Vl-3 



87 









f^i 0*j jrLi^ ?J i 2.5 **j** ill- J*' 



j^i 0.5 £^ fji 2.5 ^j^» 41*- <>: O^S 

>• 100 <J*J ^ji 10 <^! 2*5 6- ^j^ ^1 ^uJb -2 

J* 100 J^ ^ji 2<5 ^J^* c*>-*J1 aa^l ^- -3 

jS* 100 J^ fji 5<7 <^A* ^ Ojttft 4L- -4 

^1 j^l <> jtuJI JUajb ?j&j ^ibj^l jiljdl J dBL-SM (tally* -5 
4JST Sjj>^ V) jla 4JUII f j! 10 <> j^l Alajtla <iiiu, J^aluJ V £)l Lute -6 

(£JxaII 4jcjj ) &"&\ ^jj -1 



OO a 

aj&Ij p j^dulj J*uaSl c)j%. Uj.aa JjC-lj^Ilj (illwJl jJf«b *LajUlAil <-Jj-uaj dijiil 

Uhj^i\ j&ia\ jiijji jw* i gt>a-i y^s 

AC nj** f » DC >»^^» jA Ja Ja*S«iaJI jliii) £jj 4ijx* _5 



: jWtfl e »>i«.l Sfji 




i>c>^ 









89 




2^DCj*^** j±«»i 1-5 ^^^ £jjJa31^1j^1 i _ r ^ 



'■*\ d^HU-2 



AC jj j^4 jjj-*^ 



Jji^l ^Ij^l (> JJaSi jfc j tal £j.lfeUt4lt <U.£luuV £j-0-aJl <^lj^l :4la^U 







90 



AC **f* jtt*' ^ ( 3 s ( DC j* ^ ^ *-*** ^^ {^^ £j* ±¥ 







^ ^jIj (j&j iatij d^P £)-4 ^ jlj^l Aijjiall d -1A ^jlaxluij (J-UAI^aII jAJa^La 




jJDC >*^-^ Jf£-*11 ^ ^LiaJj JalkL-aJ) 



.-ii £ 



it S^hIj-5 



AC JJ>» jt?f*t 1*5 



j^j) Jj^b^II 4-^Vmn V MLLaJI J^uajSl! : 4la^L 



91 
RxA=V <^j&\ = jg-Al x Ajf&l\ Iaj\1a1\ = c^ijail 

i jp>\y^\ ^LjIIaj ^jiijj <j*uujjJI (illuiij <Uj11a = <Ll&]t ^UjUaJI 

: j>4l! <^|jtf | ^L Sjib : Jilt 
e j! 7 l^Ujlltj f 200 ^Wj** <^Sn Jjla (1 ) 

JC-l^ua 10 -J 4i«a>« (2) 

eJ i 27 M^tt ^ 1-jUullj (3) 
jaLu^ J*lLu^) jLuIl Jb Lie SjjI^I difJ ^ j^ljWtflj Cdjtt! ^j) (4) 

( Ajjj^ail f t*ii k**aJl) Ajfl a^l Jlioil lib £atf 

'. UjIuu usjjxajA 

f ji 27 = (5*&ll l^jUull) <£ f 

:^j^sU» t^jili MijsuJ jjMIl j^aflSl 

^jfl27=lx27 

j^i o.5 s 11 ^ M 2.5 J*j eji 7 <^Jt <4^t W±* oi ^ 

^^uuij]) dluJI ^Uau ^Sl! jWtf) jAj 1.4 = 0.5x(2.5-7) IS) 

JjAj ££aa ^j^U)jaaa\ 2.4=+ 1 cr"±0^ ^-^ J^b SjjUI j^aI £^aaj f jj 

^j* 27 =S>UI cJjfl !j) 

j^>i 2.4 =Sj3!^l j^»ij 

j^i 2*4 j^ij ^j* 27 6- j^i g5Ufl <A^ ?j*^ :** u ^^ 



92 . a 



£. ^f f 



j^VI £jjJl J^ Juala £jj J£j t^jljol! ^k- 4iij Ui J^al4 Jplj^II <> £jj 

: tjim ojSilW ^^Vinii Sj3U! ftjfJ ^Ujll^l Aija-4ij ^IjSlt <^k 

. Ajcjiii d^Sn i-jia- t Aou^J< &%M\ i*jti* = ajI^i ^ujii^i 

.(2 + 3 e o) + 2 f + 1 e 
.jc-i^uaii jjj ii^ijii d^L&i ^ujti* = 2 ^ 

.CjjIj JJ£ = 2<5 .^.1^1 JC-luail 4-«jlla = 3 * 

. Jsijsii ^k Ai^i4 1^ ui s ijjSri 

: J^» 

j t^jlaii jl^lOO JA V-^j t£!iLdui ^jau Jljill ^^k AajJ>» ^Lul^ $>b 

, eJ !5 =^y^jl! <iiluJ)jla 100 ^jUL* 

f ji l =ji4 20 ^ jail <ai*-i! W±* 

f ji 7<5= Cx*& 2+ 15= JPlj-^l J^6x 2'5 -^^ jpUal! IajUu 

(illuJl 4^«jl^4 UuAJ djjl^ll p^J UuA U0JJX4 4j^jli JjUaVIj 

iUU Sj3!^ c^jaij £jaJ -1 
(?jl\ oj±) ^jfl 27 =2 x 13 <5 



93 - f 

(■UjI*) jUtf! <# j^J 2 JPl^lj^l-2 

l<2=0'5x 2<5-6 

(^jill^jj) j^l 3*2=2 + 1<2 

±^jj eJ i5 4U£ Sjiliil ^jll*j e ji3 ^j&«j f 100 ^Wjl! ^"^ Jj^ 

0.5 £^ £.J* J* <1P! >»^» J^b S^lj Alaij 4> ^ Jjjj J^jSlI £l Lu: JaJl 

i^jll diult jj^j SjiUI j^ul SjS libj^i 2= 4x 0.5 
JUjULi ol ^j Ciljfl 10=2x5=j^VlxA : iI^I ^UjULJl = OjjIB ui«a Ciljillj 

j^i 0.6=0.5x2.5-3 lP! 

4^uijii <£UaJi j^»i+ s>iiii jjuaj j r Aaj 

j^l 2.6= 2+0.6 

( fJ iII jjjj) j^i 2.6 j* ja-Alj ^j* 10 jA tiljill <$ 



94 

j^i 2.5 =5x0.5 lP! j^i 0.5 £^ £ji 

^j* 7.5=2.5x3= 

<^jfl dlyJ! J^l JUjV 

j^i 0.4=0.5x2.5-2 

0.4+2.5=2.9 j^i 

7.5 =£AjW lP! 
(?j& l)J^)2.9 j^STIj 

:(<$ j|j3 - ^IIjS) S^lj 4142 <> tej&dl ^JalSl^l ^ibj^l j^l S>b j 

j ajjIuua ^Sri jijiai c)j^ oi v^j <<$ jtj^ J& ^j al^ a^ji\ &£Ji\ 

:^uii ^ta e ±kiuj 

: oi «V . [ 2 - (3 f 1 + 2 f) ] + 1 f = <4 r 

.j^ljll gjlll IajUu = 2 f 
.£j* J£ ^i Jp!>^I J^ = 1 o 

.i^jjij j^UaIi 4-4jiL» = 3 * 

(UaP Jfy,Sfl *L>JI ^ j S^lj 6ja i|JSSj3U! jl^jflVb o^ ji) 



95 

J&J 1.5 J '(^bjUaj) 1>L^ jUtfl Jj£ 4JU ^i jjl±a\ 1 £jfl JSI £baJ : Sjel2 

^*jj!j <l)A^ ^ 6* jVIOO JA V-ojj toLJ <£j*j 3 laHi i rt Sjjjj : Jtfu 

?S>U1 d^i jWtflj C^jiJl ^j! .(CibjUaj) j_4lut4 

•eji 6 = 6 x (100 -s- 100) = 1 r 

.f ji 0.6 = 6 x (100 + 10) = 2 e 

.Jclj^a 3 = 1 l) 

.f ji 2.5 = 3 f 

.£j*t 4 = 26 
.fjt 8 = [4 - (2.5 x 3 + 0.6)] + 6 = & ? cA 

Aj\ ^UaJ gift jWtfl <y* 4 £jiSfl -J.jp j OLuw )jLj fjiiuult jUJI jl Ujj 

.j^J4 = S>bIt 

.dJjfl 32 = 4x8 = LHxd^ = c^jill ji (|i 

:fa jljS - <A£) Jalft S^ 4> A^jiUil &£l*lt A^bj^l j*^) SjiU .L 

: iajyu oUj s^ij iLi: <> fc jiuii auttm SjjUi ^i jjuji ^uii e ^i^ 

o-yw ji^jfii jifa. jj^j isu ^i vi ^Ji aajj! cp t^ s *** ^> v ^ - 

j I S^)j 4Ja£j ^ <_^^3^^9^^ /J^ A^bj^lil jx> flail Sjib *laaJxuAj LajIj n^L -X 
/Jp jiljiil a) JaIumI a-Jxj auaLj iAaibj^iii jjiailil ujLiUc ^xaA ^ laHJ Sot £>* 



96 a 

4aj2L»j AilLa LIU $.*£ <> ^ JljSlI J& j&H jiljJ -2 

4almlujj 4_a!!j1a jja Sj jit jJ -3 

CJbjUaJlj tibial J-A ijjjlbllj ^jjiil M*J*^ JC-I^I l^fl J-«iu4j j 
Jjla jjjI L2aj| <^A j M^alaJl 1^-IajIjS l^Jj c^Iji&j jWtf £baJ ^ j 

a JaJ j <Qa£j 4> ^ jljiil ^k- jjjaij jjIj-J - 1 
LHj 6^ <> ^ Jljlll ^ jj^ij >jjj -2 

,jU£L«Vl 4L& <^A j <^J)j^lj ^ jljSlI (^4J £aaj AiallLd jjiaij >ljJ-4 

: 4^U : 4ia*:>L 

Iklj IgJ V AiIi-4 JallJ SiP £)A jj\jil\ ^ Qj£ljj$lLi Aj jb j^ij djib J^afil 

AjjUii jiljiil (^ J^lLuujj jiljjJ! ^b IuaJj V & jjIj CJluiS |j)j £)^jia (^ A^jAii 

( 3 f$J ^mJS Jol\ ) ) SjawJl SJAP jj ^ jjj^I cnb SJSft t$J Ja£L*Jj Ja&a 

dUAj >ijiii £x^> ^ ^ *>^ ^^ ^! ^-^ <^j^ ^ j^aij $>b f >-ij 

. £^aJl *"& SjjU c^iui 1 Jj A^bj^l AJljloii jjIjJII ^ J^uaij 
t LauaJ) ^ £iH£ Ijj l^>4 uu^ li Sjib CJAui IjI AjjUII AJIjIaII >ijJll ^j 

^iijiii (> Juaai ^jj>4ii ^ijiii jf^jj .ig-M* ^ ^^ ^j -^ u jxj u Awij ^i« 

jlVl J^tuail ja>iL Jclua A^i |jj Aj^ JjIaJI 



97 



Qjjgggtg ] 



^LuLi^J' J'^J^ 




I 









I 



</J>> 



^ 







/ 




JslJj Sjp ^*mJ 


SjaIj 4JaiJ Jp» 








1 



4&Li 



4aj^a 



*LjU jj^ij S>lJ Jwafii 









Ul'*, AjjUI Ji\^\ ^i 4ilLJtj M^^IaII jjIj^I 






^ >^Vt J+alt , 



^ jU JfrUa 



^m>_jjtt£: u-'-'-Jj 





/ 



90^ii3e&^ 



45^ Ji £^ 




^^ jfi a ^uO_}jttC V" J. 



98 



hjjl) ji\$&\ 



'j^^L* Ja& Sjc £>* j ji>ili ^^ fXkl\ *u% J^s>i 



^^'itt mju^a ^j^: 



i>5iJI oL>jI 



i>5iJI oL>jI 







j^ j rt <^ rt ^80 i^ 1 50 »>» o-Sjj^sJi »>* *JAft 



^10 / ("10 / <^10 



JO 



judlUdJjJJ 



d 90 ^ij-^ 



45^'Je £^ 




^j^o-^ji 2 




j^iiA ^^Sjjjki 



J^-aV Jajj**j S^L a-w *|0 ^-a^aaJI a-* ^jfr jfill w w^ij^ii -^> 



LjUll jil^l 



j jU JcUa 



Oilftjo Jolij Sic q*> cSjIjjjJI tsJc ^LqJI 4j0b Jj^oji" 







5>yi]l JjiftiL^Lj Lj^i ^ 



JjJall Juafil £a Mijjia]| $ia 




^JQJJOU ijiiSj j^S 



ASksty^k 



99 



4jjLiii jAj&\ 






tjJLjjjJI oJb jilaJ I 4j)b' Jj^jj 






■' Z 



j^lOdjjj 



— ( 



^D_JJ&C yj^J j^$ 



<bj&ll ftbjl ^ 



90 ^ jije ^ 




yiljjjjpjl qd ibtc JaC 
^iSO^JISOoa 



<t*jdl &L>jl 







4 



^i80Xl!50o^ 




tJJJjpC JrtSjj^S 



1 







CiJ^S ^ ^J^ 



^LUl Jit J JSVI <jfc JPUaJl gpSIS JliJl u^J 




^PUaU ^J* ^^ 



4_ili^£- SjLa 



100 







^UaJl dlw 



cJ^ ^ 4jj^ 




^L^ijtUa 







jkiill ^>4^ iJ . 1 '.'?* 11 *JL*ll,J ,jiiUdJl ■" '-;;"" ^ JjV 



■JLUl JiU t^*- 4 JtUaJl j$£j s^**"" *^ *J^-S C^J^ -^ jwmjIl ftJaaSU) 







[Alaa^La ] 



^ j £jxj jSSn ^ dJbdl ^ Jjjj <>jj c 4L£ S jail CJjAjjII jLi I4I4 JjaJl 



101 



r uftt 4?j^i tjj 



^ 



JjJ u^5j 4i 



iP^J^ 5 £^ 



-3 




4j<U3ULllq 



Ja s-ui C 



O40J i 



djiUftj 











y£j\ ^J\ J*6~i 







>J5 



(£*& Lg Sc fiUi (^IJj 




"N 









103 




TM 46 







S^*?*.* 




IbLtifi ?** 




r 




•y 




vs 22 


i 
i 


■> 


CjUUjU JLJxJl 

* * 

aIj^jIjS 3 5 JjjJi 



105 




Jtj&U JLJ3.J1 fJLUl 

vs 50 







6JL 



^ 4.5 £i*?jyi 

^1 jklli 



4*i-j5L jjy 4Jjj~±> ■ t-^y 



107 




YM-1 



fUYlO* 





. f I* YM-1 196 H^ ^ OjjU 

rdx +al . fj^Sn Sjjjj + ( j&\ i f*j Sjaiut sjuu ^ 





















^j^>i4-t <&U 




^^fcfc, jzs 




^1 


i < 

i 


'^fe r TNT 


£*>* 1475 a 






*ll 




^^ 


^^ 


TNT 


'. 


li« ) 















108 





i»'» 1366 diJJ* 










A+xjaXI ? li&1 









jlS&Vi ^i**" 



«iH«iBMBtaBBBwd 



109 



BM pJ i?jJI 4*^ ^ u"J 

4 — LJG>3J0^3 i-jJLl 








i? M ^ iN *&** ^Jj^J 



u*&j3% 



dJrJI o* jMJa^l OO&dI 



_Sl 









r 


Sjjliui- 


-1 


V .*JJ-4 


ijjlJLi- 


r 


cP~ 


Ui^ 


_# 




J3l#j| " 


-4 



4x>3 lib ^ 3 ^uoi JJLj j dJi>5 

oL^LbjJI^ibljjJI J^i^ 



Ml 00 j£&&\ iUJL^ol 



LSjU^LiDj-3 



[ ^ibJI qo JUj^I 4|jK»I 1 





9 ^^ oi-^ Lfrj^o ^jii \5J j^ijj %JiJI j*Lo jN 


oo^c^iill-1 




Uc^Jlj^o jl jJjS 9 4LiiJI Jj^jj^iKII 


OOJ^^I-2 


^1 


OSJli.3 fjJJIi^LJI oiJ^J B MM^J'^^ 


^JDjLplLdl _3 



jk2\ *jJi) Jjitt -1 
RPG 






110 




ji4 >Li 9 iiu** iijiSii ^fciii 



-LL4 



^ tl 



/ 








HRMHH 






. t-uj^Ulj ( Luull jLaC-l 



Ill 





. (AjjSj 4^at2 £1 jail* J] Jj^jj 



112 




113 



jjjja *jAij\ ?\**i»\j j*j^ 



21 1 




^ o^l v j± ^i jjfl jftri ^ ^i> |m- 10 **ijS ^u £>& oi ** -4 



114 



n 



>J5 



(£*& Lg Sc fiUi (^IJj 




"N 


















115 a 

It* 6 j2 J* Jla 700 CP ^ V j^aiSlI CjSj f&tit o^j <% iilyull -8 

AJaJb Sj^p ^ufaaA ^j SjJup 

(>-^l) A-luII C5^ LH-^t ^W f 2 *! SjjILaII ^i CJ^jjil ^Sj J^aj *UjI -10 
A-a ^jV <ilii&j < JL^j VI uifcJa Ua^ £uaj Uj 4JV 4j jj^Luuj Vj jA La£ Ax^aj 

. UjjPj ( cK» V^>» V^ ) ^Uill ^ Jaj ^1 4j|j) 
£u£ Vj <j jtjtf! ^ ^jflU c^jUaj fcJa 4ljla Sj^ J^yi fAUt Al£ lSl -11 

AP AluiaJ! U4u£!l >*j f^a. <U til! Jxj ^ Alijli* iilLu *U uaij Al -12 

6- f l>- <$ jljtt ^ ^v> c)i ^> J^ ^ <> j^i £*U3 ^^ iJ -13 

jjxlj jjiui AJLjIa c-A^uAfl j^Vlj aaIII Ajj 4£ LuiaI! Lai t laUiJ S-1C- A^ jj Siajj *Ua&j 

• 

4iaj Jji ^j^j^i ^ Jj^j^i! JjSJl ^>J! fSjJIj SjjLLaII ^sj 4jUS d^ -14 
tUajxjj ±^l <jl *Ulp J'^^j V /Jia CjjajjJI /Jp £>a 4 ^ m <i j d**a *3jib ialij^Vlj 

Ajl> A! SLpIj* £• c ^ISjajjII ^ J ^ 15 ^jVl Alax-Jail 4iUa! SIpIja -15 

. <^L^ij Jjjla JjftSM Aj% L)b ' f*^ L)^» 4> &J *!• J^^ <£^1 0^^^ 

fSjJL j^j cjIjU-JI ujj2Sj Al JjS inlillj ^jSfl MJa-i^l <> fl^tttff djfe -16 

JUjVI jj C^jj ji CjUmu^I Ajj dj]l JUa ! Jj MJSA4 i|i dU J«Jj LSfl jalSfl 

. l^flj SjjLLaJ! J!^j ^ ^ jl i dJA o*xA PTT 

jj^ ±^\ : Ji% (JLyaWI ) f bj^i ^ 4^! H^» j^ H )3 ! "17 

6 ja j Jt^n {iiL jjil! jj j^ jj ^i ^ &u±\ £ HJ\ PT T JU-jV* 

^ ALoj V ^Uj^jll o^uj IC - V8 ci?-i>* ICOM Sjjli^ib ^Lall 

.Aijjlaij d^j l^ JluajVl 

^JpIj^^ 4j^j jaij 4,uaxj SjjI^aII a-« J^*j ^ill ( JJalu^l) ^ Jlxll Cjj^jjII -18 

. (J ^\ a£ g jljoll ^Sp _L2aj! __ Jc-l^-a 10 ^a*jj ^J^>H^ ^c- 

^C Jclj^a (j-ia! jaij p \*yail\ (Sjjx^aij) ^lj ^U ajjli^Jj Cjjajj -19 

CA^ 9 ^ J^ju l^^asuj diljfl 12 J* 6aju CMjajJS j&\ -20 
Ji* <+&*j\ A4IL o^j^l A& t$J> ^> JjV CJ>4JjII j^ ijjUaj ^j AflJ ^Ip -21 



116 « a 

Aj jUa-iil uial Luajl uQ jxj 5 jlu aflVb CJ 9-4J u! A-4 &\1a m-uUS *— i^j -23 
Aijjiall l)J^J ^J-^J^ ^ £* ^jj^ 3 ^ A^^L^ a ±4 UyU\\< cJjxU c 4 aJ^lu^l 

AjjSj kiL^ A^lLlI l^fl ^ Jp\ 
^jp dlf-lj^ £a AjjUaJl J^afl Aj ^j^j f < ^-w Jjii ^JLlil jlaijf f-iP AJIa ^ — 24 

Ol -bVj JPlyfll! dlui ^i ^j^l <> CJ liJj cdjill ^ba <> *fi QUk )-25 

i JjC-L^il (j\La jlajSVt o- 4 ^^ AjILa Aj-aI Xuaj ji < Ala ^JjS jl lji<^ L)J% 



117 



fiEGULATl POW. 



4ukJl 






L - * 




iUu^Jl ^SjI 








118 




L&jUt'Vi 5 ij\a$ 



^r^ J^ sj^ ^>^ J^i^ J-A*VI 6 




3Li .V' 5 uL^ 





AAA 



[^22— J 1 



^ 



C*' 4-rjU' 






. ji^uii ^^u j4 14 ^! 8 (> ^jSri ^ <> ^v 



119 ; 




120 

(CJJ&JJ A^Luj ) AjjjAjj SjjI^j Sj^A JJ^AJ 

^kil) CJ^j^j "^ £l£ jtt) A^lui iaj^aj -3 
^yuduj bUI 4lal!lijj g / ^ uij L^Uua ^LLal^ij <_$ jLuddl <Iu£j!l! JaslLuij £1 JJa^VI -4 

24 4^! 1 <> cM>" cjjSj2 > j 20 

A^luiil ^^i Sjjfl Sl^lj-a £a AjjUsj £)J^ L)^J £^&>*l! 4pLuj ^J (jduSjjj^J) ^ 
CJ^a <_j)asu <L& A^LdJl <>(<3 ) 3 nnK1 | qmj^ j>*>^ LHJ*^ ^aJj VS^ -6 

Luajj JjC-twali f Lj^lij £jaj CJj-uail £jj£» f UjIj A^Luj j£ 

<> .bVj ^ 4*11 CjjSj^I ji ^jl^xil CjjSj^I c^bJJ ^i ^ iua&t chJ^ -8 
" . JpL^U fbj^ill £jiu ^ill > 4JV ( "..in) ) >VI qmj^S *^ 

f ^ <>*.ij PM j AM 6* 1-^ A^SjJ <j jUil cjjSj^I ^tJilyit *iu ^i -9 

. ^ jLuiaJj <JJjdjlij JLo3U.lm I AjjAalb 

Alhj AM jfr&l J^ 11 ^^< cT*l ^Ul! c£jp\ Jxul : ^ Jli* 

£u§>tft A^Luj <Ui« ^j Jjl^b f jAj PM^ Sj^Uil ic-LyJl ^ SjAaJljjaij 

fi 10PM V^l L)t *&J 10PM 5M *>^ iftU-il £^j ALARM 

A^LuJl j-Jaj Ajfi j±& £>i Jjjj ^ill £UUI| <^j 4pLu*U ^Uy^J^ 4-y^Jl ^1 £*> 

Siac jlVI cijlall <>j (jdu^jjjlij ^ CaAa Jc-luallj t Jc-tualb UUluaj J^j 

1^ ^i o^^< Sjjul* (> ^v «fliHj o u ^^ *^t ^j > Sjjik cjiijSn j&\ 
s j^p ^i^i 6- pm j U* s j^ iniai ^i 5u s>k^ a^i^i 6- *am 

. ^ jl j3ll ^Ipj >£) CJbjUaj liuiaj iLjIa Sjult Cajl£ £] j^iuu jja Salt 




4ioJJ m=j Ci^iall y-i>> 



J- >JlliA LM tfdj H 
Jill 4jH ft jjNI JxuO^J iftj 



PJ^JI /^Lofl 



iS^jiiiiJI CuJjpJJ Jj3>ill j j 





c~ 


| 


TNT 


ft^k^JI 


\ 


1 






4u>JJ LOJ LJjfill y-I>> 



JjLAjd jjou> qUj 4jml 




CjyS^iJIqcL 





jjuazlft^Jtt qLj 4juoJ 



■^ TH G 

10:QQ « 






15^,5-iftll Cu3>ill Jj^^jII j j [s jl jill jJb cJ jj H qiIj jUqj 



122 



r 














% 












\. 


| 


/ '1 


■» . 




-^ 




* ^ 






• fQ 


:Tl « 










— M^^P^M up 


Px 






> 


IL^^B 




V* 


r*w 


p5f 





4J$*aM S^fAJf 




/jMC 4t4^ 



q& yjJLLuJ <&j ihjJI lj&jj Csu^ j^fj -2 

lo)ff 0& 



jJsLa lJLj£ cjsuoj jJj jJ>jw 4x>f& 4bj>Xo 



123 



jio 700 iljjiaoJI oiLuJI 



>) jj sYs PTT JLi^bj 



j^J-P 



10-^1 



^JUUj^jJcL^ 



l^jl^DisJ ^j^iiJ *dbJI toft gJ 4ij^ill <hh*cbl& 



BM ^ cjv tffeiy dijjAJ 



4J>jjUI 



^7 



T"= 



ccz 



£L*J 



i^ 






JQ ^Hiiij^l o*> *^*C 







ICOM •-n b * 




ciJ_$i 9 ilkj 



taoJI cIh^JjI JjJ qL^cJI ftj^Ujo i-ojj 44^ 1 • JM ♦ £j* ijJLttJI ^jj^jubj 



o-bjWI (SENAO (SN 358 tia^JL *u & j«Jti! 

jJa&j J£^i ^i U£ l^j dttty&l ^j Jjj*I! £>jj JUlutf! S^ti «£U2 -1 

.( AJjjIb Aluala likLu&J ft 4fc) . l$-L» ^AjliJl ^luaVl lajkaJj 

JbSlutft S^tS OH 4-^LaJ) AAlail J^U. <> d^jfl 12 AjjUaJ ^Ah -3 

. 4 <\£ <\ 4ia^^U 
Sls-lj-a yaafl t O^f^j ji ^H^ J^-^ Aiouj-<jJl SjLui^U jUSluaVt d^ll AjIaIum) j! 

jif^ii mj^- f^i <> lib j j&fiit asp j-^Sn ta 

^ 15 Jl) 10 <> cM S>b J4P <> ^v 



124 



\ 






2 





J](2](IB(5] 



©@®n 



iUJJ* 






iub" j>U? L>*jJijlSJI v3^ u* 



<jjjjt£]| Jj*i*j Mi jJa 



4/JUJI 5j>^JI ^bjlJjjftlJI *ujt> 





i^LuiV) p,pJj *U LS 



Jj&luaJI j ijjLiuJlj **fcLJtfl Jj-^ajj 4jL£ 



125 




fXoA\ qj> tjJ^JiJI t_9j"L^JI JS_i 





oJo^M* 



^3^ o^lS^^j JL&jtiuil qj&jj^! -1 

{ JL£3j^l}^Lcj)!l P ic o^>aJI o^^JJai -2 

JmjI^MI MAS JIJjL.jOmp^-3 



^JjUojJI w^3jq 



*jJ Li j^p 3^ L^* 



J^jQ^ooJI ^Lfrllj JtSLl qC jJ^jijdl 




TNT 03^ 






3ll*Vr 







. AJjjia *La*j Aj^IauJI A-4XJ J-axj -1 



.126 .. a 

j#a\ ^jLj^1\ jlull S4m j-AjS " jl^A LgJlia u^jjj AftUuJI Jjjj 

^yijlt J&\ JfttuaJ! ciljlaj ^j tilLuj ( £j*l*l\ ljJ*1\ ) jl^aJ! ^> Juajj -3 

>i>ll djajj U4jft <U! Lj^u t jjuai jl^aJl J%j j^VI Jftt-aJ! tilluu Juajj -4 

^i 4L2JI ^aj jfe VI J>-a>4 >VI JftUall ua> £j% V tflj < >*>ll 4^4* 

■ilj^l Jl£^l 
Cij ^i UaiJb ^Sjll J*i uJiaj V ^ * tijjfc4 jjft Jj±^ £j% ufljl^l! ^j -6 

jp&! ^ j^ui jj^sri >^> izjs d&* J*s <y* ^jikii ^jj oi ^j <-fci*Jt 

. ijjUaJlj £hZl\j JftUaJ! £a SjjUI 
Jj^ CJjl£ fju-u JUxlua) <> ^jV -8 

MAS JA*-j JjjaJ <> .lVj (Jt^yi ) gift jVI ^ kj&\ o* ^ oi ** -9 

JW J! 

. J^xil f jj JjS £Ut Sjib <>ft <> ^V -11 

4 UAft Ji 4AJ uLuAili aI jaJl 

25 j ^jft f-^55 Wi>*-J w *j;^*^ ^Luij^U (j^Uiii ^ <-udlia qm\1a J^uoaj _1 

9 ji Ui 11 ji aju 13 ^1 fi>fl H^ a' a* 4 ** ^ 

^Ija. jL£ 5 ^Jjj ^14 4 ^ ll« ^L o^j 6^ 5400 ^1 o- 1 ^! ^ jU^j -2 

^jai ^50 cP! cjMj >• 25 (^j^W) ^j^\ is* J tjUaiii jaaii ^a^i -5 

u*a ^Ift OJ^J ^!>i! ^ ^Ux^l 2-^j oW ^ t 4 4 C3 J C4 ^i^l 

f- 80 l)J% jfWl f l> </ JA*« ^l> lajjl ^IjaJI (> gjtiJI a-^JJ^I -6 

tiftluxa 



,.127 ... a 



: Jla (CJb£>«) ^iuai Sjaila *\ja <> ci^Ul! f I >J| £iua ^^ J^SH -9 

C3 

C4 

jl^Jj t£bJ JU3V ^b> 4 OyiUl! f IjaJI ^i J**J) Ji JUaVl u^ u^ -10 

IajI j uLuuUi! *t JaJl£ 4-4^-a jj-a! Jla ^fl <jjj^ 0-* A^ull ^^ r^Aj uLuub 

. fjU& *— iLlJJI ^j^ 40^ Sj^IaII oiA Uj^^jj llu£ 



J1*&1\ Cjt^iaJ) 




128 

^ .J a UL^ J SjS v-^ji fb* 150 (Jb 50 (> lOj^ Sjaild SjU _i 

(f jl 2<5 0* ^> V Al4jll4)^bj^ JpUa -2 

(A^te 4£jU)v^lji 9 AjjUaj -3 

(jjx^all £jUl 4>) ^jj ^Uu -4 

AljLyJl JljjVI ^ CJj3>tf! A^LyuJ JLatiJt ^jtua^l ^Ijj -6 

J*j £fc J^J £Jkj£\ <£>l^ (J£j* Jjjltt &J*& ^J C£a* -7 

LuulaUaLa ^Ha <ji ^ IfjLol fe^u AiuCU! CJljAaJ! -8 

( ^AaII ^ ^^j'^ 1^-UxIujIj ^^aIa-aII ^-^**j ) M^j^ ^ <-j£ jij 



129 



4lu£Ut CJljJiaJ! - 




130 




4£&yJ\ oIj^l>JI 





J-s»V hjjj>j &j^u>Jl wiJ 



wLjuj^U j Sj-5oJl UJ 



!r " .- 



EO[R]©(La^ 










O 



1 




Sjni^t) 4J-^ aJ 



131 




132 





4jn>fr Jl j-4j 4-iuiU ^Yj^ 


















3^ 13 


^l o j^l 


3^ 4+4 


i^ayfciH S^LaJi OJi 


C3 


Sj^£wil S^LaJl £jj 


^5 
5400 




J*4 




> 18 


^jp^j^Jl 4^*£ 


ji« 25 


jaiii jiJi 



133 







lj^JJooJI JjctuiJI ijluit* lJuuLjJI ^I^JI Jliil 








nnnnnnnnn^ 25 &Ujjl 






lj^^ 9uL3Uib^l^ ' 








nnnnnr 




^-25 £•*>' 


\^ 4Soui ^j jj^ ^/ 


ljj> 11 i_i ijjjjb f.1 J^ 












J LJ LJ LJU Lj 

nnnnnr 


iuuUUU 

37 

innnnn 










^ 


^ 


^-25 ttej 


5>>iiuoJI toUl £u£_j i£j i-" 37 JjM 3 




LJLO> |3 M L-3Ulb pl>> 




|i 






KjQ^lp^JJl 






UUUUUL 


IUUUL J 









134 




136 





137 



£3 ^> t^ 1 " 4 ^ »Jt*J ft^Jl A^ju ^ 




C3 ^> ur^ ^^ W^fc 



■IMBHMHHMiHHHBHHB 





f l>^ ^i ^j^jjSlI j^al 



138 







/ \ 



139 



\ j 



UAj^\^SSj3i 







O^j^Sl 



140 




141 




142 




^ V t> ? \ jaJl j Ja 1^ L+LjMj 



144 




145 




ill JJ Lfr^J 



146 









( <*LJCA\ ^ jail Uimi J^g- yLs"] 

^ij^ii ^iaaj ig*H& r j^ j^**' -1 

ptjaJ >LS ti© ^L»t yjLJI £Uj y^sJi -2 

^Llt ^Uj ^ fj .5 




147 





148 




>LSA ^jj ^y-Jl jj^j 



AJJU 



Vo 



t>aj*-l 







150 




witwUIl >\j^\ 43^^ 




151 






152 





154 



82 &j\* uti\& Aluu UfcuuU f Ij* J^c- 
Aij^ill Jiuii dJj^jAil Aajj-aJ! <il&Jj £)jU cii!^ 4JLuu j*2aaJ 

Ji<ui^j ^a a-uu5 ^-^ £^^J ^fl* A ^^i§ ^^ 
. Jfct^aJ! £ti* 4ijji& J£ 4-aJla ^ o^jjlli TNT -M ^ V- 1 " ^^ J^ 

. dJadt jjP (JjJ) Qc-La* ^ jl! ^30 t$ia J>JJ f-50 S^Sxil Jjla l^\'M\ 
d Jba iflx«j ^ JiuiVl e>* J#^ ^ ayj AoujLLa S J£& l^j • *■»* 42uu a3j 4 ajJAJI 

# <luJl uajj^ili vj^ Aiuij >lj^ (^ jaII ^jjLoill ^4 ^lu^j 

4> QcLaa ^ 30 Aij^ <J£ 4> £j*iJ ^^ 4-uiAaJj uiil&II J£ CJaa^flj £VI 
. ^ 10 OP ff^^l JSj V C)\ -bVj < Aaj^II dUjj 1\&\ja Aj-aAl £4 4^*aJ! 



155 



82 o3^ «^jI^3 6 v uljLj ^l^> 



<Upt)l JjLiI qo juj 4 gloS jJ 









I 



*jd>jaC yii^J ^j^ <r 



I 




^jL^ jsLo g^>3 qWj 






e 



"^C ji tH^Jj^ 



e 



£ 



jM18ffjs>Jf jj 




4>5joJI ftUil 



-^^lC^ yZjj^ 



^fcJI ^l j> \jj j^*zJI ^l j> JojjJ CiliU 






<bjj>i: Jbh> go <Uj^ JS J>b juj 50 yuipj^ill o° talc £^£3 ?jj 



tfi&jl£/jO J&L&J fljdl gJ^D f^J 

i>l>Ji t_y-u/J> ULO qjjjUIjI 



156 



; f^jib CJijkaJj 









jji juj r* fan J^cf°£j but fji&jjZJi jjh 



159 




160 




fl>Jt 2-4 jcUall <j&4^ J^iJl 









i 




| 


V 




-f 


i ^ 


, 


^_ 


t/^ >*J J 1 " ^J** U^JJ 5 
^JU AL^ajj jLuluJI lJJ)j±J| 








w 




&_ 


HP 








1 



^<j-a<,+ ^jc-Luaj jj t* J^fl (^c- Qj*^* '^: j£^ O^-*-* ^ t^J 4^Jifl 



161 




iSjIjjJItsJcOJteLa &J*2*b 




162 




163 







r 4i9 gJLaJ &*{*& ***** c ^ 







qjOCLd 



166 

SluA\j IjALiA Jcluail uflljlal ±aj £* AjjUa^l ^ cJtuJ! tilluJt J^ajj -1 

c ijji j* Oaii^ gsii* ibis j^ Srij jssn ^ <^ul* H-^H v^ -2 

. A-uijil ^ jfc La£ (jj. a l0u. 4 i) 

. f^ J*" OA 
rUi^ij J^ij-a £>* ^-^j-* J^ £* r w - <aJ LID rbiai] is*J*^ ^j^ Actual J^iaL -4 

cWaSlj <jj§l df Lual /J& j^Luoj 
LED tP^I Jj^l ^J -^iM ^J* ^ Jjill glU2 

a-ujjil ^£ jA LoS rULail ^j Aj-aiil <-^J-a 4^ V^H A-AjlAoii -7 
AjjUaJj £>* S j^lfa Jj^jjJI iaj-^J SjUmJI AjjUsj jLaxluul £fi*J CjIjUmJI ^ -9 

: «Ua^L 

<^j i jjjj jj ^ Jjjill ^k- CjJjfl 9 lAj^ cU^jS f^u i ii Ai^Uij 4^J*.Sn ^ 





^LLc itfjU Jittl ^Jk 



4_ N . N .ft.t I o t j UwJ I j ibutLJl *Uj>MJ ^pUj-^Jt *"LJjil 



1 



iJU-Cj! -Ui» 



^tiii c uLdi 



JjVl c^Ld 







iija 1 4-jjUsj 




168 



(3 D 

<3> 






/! 



i^JUJ ^ 



vSjI^jJI jdc 0J3S 9 ^jjjjjUoj 



X 






.jvi-iliis Jjc La 




<ti±j *sj^ Jjjju^I o^UI oJa^Mjtt 



LED*** Jbc tsl tS>^l oJo^Utt 

JjL/fJ ~ 

d^jUl ^jJLc _^j$j^ 4J03U0JI3I 




169 



^Jl^J^YI ^LUxJij 4±LiJi ^ijUJl 





170 



4 -Band -Code 
' 1= 



2%, 5%, 10% 
1 



ma 



3 L 



560k C2± 5% 



1 



1 COLOR 


1st BAND 


2nd BAND 


3rd BAND 


MULTIPLIER 


TOLERANCE | 
















Red 


2 


2 


2 


100 Q 


± 2 % f G ) 


Orange 


3 


3 


3 


1KQ 




Ye 1 1 o w 


4 


4 


4 


10KQ 




Green 


5 


5 


5 


100K£3 


±0.5% (p) 


Blue 


6 


6 


6 


1MQ 


±0.25% (C) 


Violet 


7 


7 


7 


lOMG 


±0.10% (B) 




Q 


Q 


Q 






White 


9 


9 


9 






Gold 








0.1 


± 5% (J) 


Silver 








0.01 


± 10 % (K ") 



0.1%, 0.25%, 0.5%, 1% 



5-Band-Code 



1 1 i 



[DXD 



2370± 1% 

I ■ 



*JjSL> ^jMjJI qI_$J^I WjStJij 



**k: oJaJbjoJI jJc icLii -1 



o^JI 



rjfjj* K fl-2 



^^jujl 



V^UJ 



jJQ>I 



^Jlij' 



>! 



jSU&\ 



j.^V>l 



j^ji 



vSO^jujAjj 



sS^Uj 



u^jj! 




J^l 



<*J 



bJI 



^JbJI i^JI 



oo- 



ooo 



oooo 



00000 



000000 



0000000 



00000000 



000000000 



1 M fe*o =1000000 fl 



1K= woo A 



^\ ^^I^a^UoJI ^Lri 5^>3 




1K >Ij^ y=*\$ ^jo^lio 



tafbdu&iJfjf 



AJJ^1\ ajju^l aj*&*l\j Ojt*J! OilJL Jjjli^l! J^ 



171 .... a 

jjH^a Jj^aiJ JJaiSfl <> JjSj LgJjj cij|&Jl $ g jS Jjii^ j*2aaJ -1 

(JaxJaJl Aaj-g) 

• j^ • a^,* (j^LAi Qi&ijjS Aj^j Ala ^U (Jjii^ll £)^ £ jl^J (J^JJ^^ 

^ JSjV A£L*4 f$**au ^JJ* 12 S&a £t£ b) JjdiuaJI <> £jliJl o-£jjjS1! 

4ij3S j£ jib (j^jjiii Sj^ Jj^ *;';**- *^ £^j <> ^V ojt-fM uiii33 ^ 

SjUj TNT -M l)£ ^-b^ -^ (> ^V TNT -M SjUj SJ^aII jjjliyaJl ^ 
cjlc-ijiii Aj a-uuj TNT -M u^*j j^ f j£j ^A'?^ *^ >AA* ^ ^!j 3 ;V? ft 

SjUI! JjS Sjjx^a TNT -N J^ ^ fr^ £J <> j£li Sj^ cjl^jjill d^l£ b) 

.j>Vi! TNT -1» j! ^jtil 
j^ jJalu^ ^14 l^lL **i£ UjjS J£ J <J>S oi *** l)J^» tiilS Jjil^ J 

<> (JjJJji j^dl SLla Jji* dU* £% fJ t J) ^^jslaj i && Jlj^Vb ^uaU bULill 

. AjjS iaLia Aa^a I^aa jl^aj ^illj t lijj LUxuJl 

^bj^II JpUall ui£jj ^i laid Aj^Ij A_L» ^jajj &aft ^J^i ^a*J J^» ^J>J 

JjS <> dli^y. ^ 311 ^bj^l ^UL^I ^i A^bj^l J£t>^t 

4>j ^bj^ill ^UiAl! (> ujjjS ^ jjfl ^ijHl^t JC-t^ J^ c)i ii* J^ -N J^^ 1 

j^iL {1 bj labl^^U dlJj c o-£jjjiij ^> jlT O 1 ^ (J 0^3 i f<A+&J*\ gt\ 



172 



^ ^ 10 SjL J^aV ^>^ c^- jilt £* cr^J^I o-Sjjj^I iajj <> itf ls 1ax1\ 

"jfcn 



4>jjoJI ftbul 



OjLgJI lJJImj ^5^lLo jjq>j 







j-'IO 



<b>5oJI ftbol 




piii 




i/Jj>jrfl tela// i/h&J 5hjDj ^il^j^lj ti£t}tfli ipJjrLoJl q£0o &>J3 JqC - 2 



4ijii9 60 3I 50 'x>\± jj^JI Ofco^ja - 6 
,5c Loll yiiSlj^ 3 1i*> £>>J3 







173 



£$H^d}\ f^>Z> UjJ> 3I 5 3 2 ^j^Jj^JI 3^DJ 



J$J m $$*J^ j^=^ ^ 



^1 »M TNT 7 ^ Loj Ji^i^ j^>j 



qtfft 






■Mriiij^iii^^mr 



'frfltirtinni : 



lir>ffUJJCJ5 Mdt3r UVHWCJIJ4lfiJr UWWO J4lfcr *iWLWH«lQr 



-I — h i jh i Tj4i » 1p- u i niinii ui^ = if iiwM 'ite^= —mtTmrrtfl'fn i 




*ju u>ftS ,jc Lz> 



4 ( ^ 10 ^>u 



j^iJ^JI tlijjlj J>Ly$ ^>C tflc ^uiij^JI gj j$5 



C4 C3 JJo ^jjj^ J^oj oLcj>i)l i«i 



*lzl\ J£ ^i ^w * j^L j^Vl ^Ljiall ji 



TNT *t j? x ^ ■ ■ ^ u-^ji* >^ 







JjJuL&ffgj£> 



C4 Jidj <ljJu3*szJI hbJI 



^xx/ ljiju iJaC pJ 



174 




CJijaild p\j± jL£ 200 Jj^^i <jdu£jjjlll f^A $.1*1 j dS& Ja£ ££aa ;Al^U 
jL£ (jjii^il li$J ^^iljj RDX J^ A-UdulutaJl Sjj^Ji S JU ^ S Jlxil £uaj -kj^u 

.O-fijjSll SjSp Jib JpUall j^aj £i*4j RDX f I* 



175 






: S^l J^uui 



* 



T 



T 



4-L 4 l * fl 



*^uL-L42 



4-iajaA 



\ 



4_utlij 



v ^ ^ 



1 



^j^ili a!m^4 iajii. 



^ l I U^A ^ * ti 31 J 




RGD-5 



69 j*& 





^jJ> RG42 

i » • TNT oii 




RGD5 

?\j*\ \ . TNT ojj 




Lot// — 'O 4jgIA1I) 4j u a g 
77-/ fii^jaAJi AjgUjII K'C^ U 

ZzteJft <L&L2lSi 4jj**^Ii 

TNT »>it+0£ji RGD5 4j**J*4^ 4sf**juft 

TNT Sjljipjj Fl ^g Lkil! 4^jjl! 

C3 sjlji p ji^jAM 69 <j& LiMf-^jjiuLoMf 

*LLaJ*daIt <LcrL3jJJ JLuju<afj 



-1 
—2 
-3 
-4 

-S 
-6 

-7 

-8 



cfU*JU£l ^£ JjU&Ji y^Jif 



JLjt34 t Sc^l 3&* L£i±* JjUSff JS 



177 



JjU&iuUJ 




JzjojljJttijaiXjj 

CttjUtJij JbaJl Jl» 



TA T\ 




178 








180 




181 a 

< f t> ( 485 ) JS ( 468 ) (> 1+Uj ' V^ £^ Ajjt-bu ( 69 j*-* ) ^ 

l^JSlj l^ia A^U«i£L A^ll^a ^>jjj t <>Ijj 4 ^ l$ J**bJl ^jJtj ' f lj* ( 65 

jaijj t f !j^ ( 144 ) tgJjj : ( 4j£l£.J A^i^a ) SjjIaJI 6jaj^1\ ^ jn i rtl l 4LI&JI 

ilaflb^j < l|jUl SjS J\ £b*2 £L&! Ail^j * J^a £l£* <> 1^>V : iJaa^U 

. JPluall ^ <*Ufeb iai-JaJb iiLte- AiiaJ! <4fi J*j IgJU ^P 

SjUI) * e )j^ ( 600 ) ^! ( 568 ) 6* ^jj * £^t V-JJ < *^ *L2 Fl 

< 4.2 ^! 3.2 6* ^ j^tai *Mj < ft* ( 60 ) <bjjj TNT 1*^1* Sj*id 

< ft* ( 310 ) cP! ( 300 ) (> t*oj < £^1 ^jj ' W^ iW RGD5 
4.2 ^! 3.2 (> tfj^fefl ^JJ < ft* ( 110 ) <bjjj TNT Sj^iUi! I^jU 

^fctfl i^^ t ( 481 ) JL\ (385 ) 6- 1+oj < ft* ( TNT ( 70 Sj^tUl! 
. j^l jfc ^Uj I4I. £>j < Sjljajg jftu V * ^jS ( 4 J\ 2.8 ) 

dJUll £jj < f lja> ( 568 ) 14-OJ < 4j£^ : 4-u^aJt jJj £it J 4-iL-alJ 4L£J! 

TNT Sjaild! 

. ^ Jj* ( 479 ) 1+Uj < V^ : ^b>^ i^UI 

TNT Sjail^l I^jU < e lj^ ( 420 ) t+u9 * ftl-fl V-JJ < ***j** : RG 42 

. <^)j$ 4 J) 3 6* j^tS« ^J < ft* ( ( 110 _ 120 

. jaz>\ Ja^ l^ixuaj ^ ^2j^ ^-^J ' ^V^ O 1 ^ ALlS dbA ; Mia^^La 

' fU (2.705 ) ^j^ ^4 ^1 l*L^ au IfSjj t 0J^< ^ ^ - 9 
. C4 -Ji SjU Aibiaj ^ TNT 4A*a^J l^^U t jijj^ tf&A ^> ^jj 

: CjUaa,!l4 
# j3ta| ^LjSj A^a^I IL^II l^U i ^lj^ 4.5 ^Ij 3 C>a AjIjSj^I Jjbiij ^Jaju* 



182 a 



jijy.i 



t~ 



183 

'■' **J* JP U JjJ? 






1^ 












laJLuJl ^la jJl i ii-fcl 



COMPACT 
SEDAN 



FITL SIZE 
SEDAN 



PASSENGER 

VAN OR 
CARGO VAN" 



SMALL BOX 
VAX (14 FT 
BOX] 



BOX VAN OR 
WATERvTUEL 

TRUCK 



SEMI- 
TRAILER 



500 POUNDS 
227 KILOS 



1 j h * ""• -_■* A '" a 1 




L0 00 POUNDS 
455 KILOS 



j, jUrtJl J|iihia tjl J '" A 



4.000 POUNDS 
1.818 KILOS 



10.000 POUNDS 
4.545 KILOS 



1.500 FEET 

-I " METERS 

> Va mile 



1.750 FEET 

534 METERS 

> Va mile 



2.750 FEET 

S3& METERS 

> Yz mile 



3.750 FIE T 

1,143 METERS 

> Va mile 



30:000 POUNDS 
13.536 KILOS 



450 FEET 



£0.000 POUNDS 
27.273 KILOS 




6.500 FEET 

LPS! METERS 

> 1 mile 



-.000 FEET 

2,134 METERS 

=- 1 % mile 



1.250 FEET 

381 METERS 



1.750 FEET 
534 METERS 



2.750 FEET 
S3S METERS 



3.750 FEET 

1.143 
METERS 



1500 FEET 

1.9S2 
METERS 



7.0OOFEET 

2,134 
METERS 



6* JS2 t^a-wi jl Jj^ 
filjw l j^rtifi jM^SM 

^ ji S jUJi jjiirf 

Uijlj £JjaJUl 
Luil j ft .jj-aJu JjaSI 

++ ■* 



TNT * jfl— u u* d.jiiui i^fe yjaj ^ss s jlji -: £*$-» ^a^L 

^iJLO 3j»j ^ j^/j lpjj2\j jbitf I i**ttl ^ ol <^l 



184 



^VjjjjI! (+* -1 

BOTULINUM TOXINS 

Clostridium ?*&£& ^ jjjjjiwji* ^ LjjSj <> ^1 t ja gSL 

Botulinum 

j djjjj^ii £fi> zuU 4JV ijlaj Aj^jjj^JI 4a1umVI £)-* 4ji i^ ' **"*..' jA j c-jL^C-VI 

. AjU^a ^i AiuaJl Sj^aJl VA* ^A? J* J J^l jt-afcl ^i j) J^jll 

JjaI ^^ilj l&ilaJl <> J4 1 ^-ajj ( JJJ^I ) cr^V) Jja^l <> J*5 £* f"^ 

. OM 

£\±*l\j (J m1\ fi ££Ual\ JLij ^jillj £L&JI ^1^1^4-2 JJU AJUil o^jfcSH 
t ^1 £pb Cjj-aJI fj djIj^Jl AajJ gt&jlj CJj^all ftiikjj jLil Ajjx^aj Jj-luJl 

. i^L- 36 ^1 12 <> u^ljpSri >fca jSj 

: <^A f*A\ j^aao] AjjlkaJl CjIjJVI 

fU 

LjjSj <^£ft| ^1 fcj*kd! SjilL lauall 4l*j! ^ Jj±aJl OUfejJt * J** 
^^^laaj ^a Sj;u£ fl jfaU f?^ jjL) ^ill 4> Sjjx^a jiaS 4JjaJaAll Sjlll Jjfl ^ 

. ( 6j^W f^^ LH> J^JJ ) ' ( s jill 
(A^d4 15) ^lj^ 41IJSII ji d^jjll ^1 Jjfl j^a 



1 Q£ a 

^UajJl ji laLaJt 3J* £^Lu ^ ijiljtf ! jl AiJ^ Ji* ^ 4^ L)VI 

^UajJl ji ibJl <j£ f Jaj f Ult ^ 5US jUa^yi fr* ^ ^^ cp! ^ tWj 

f Ua& ^ rlilJI ia^Mj <-ij-uu SAaII f IgUI Jauj < Jj-uil lH^ L5^J f^' 10 Saa] 

t fUa*ii cj^jj ^uiajj) ^i ^i Sj^iii jii ojUi ^l u^ijj ^jjij ouiajJi 

. j^IaaJl Jjlill ^jjVjjj^I ^m jk lift j 
Ik j tiUflj iilij) ^ Uaj! Sj^aJl CjUL^I £^aj t 4-a1^j S^ CJljiS j^l jVJ 

AjI^I diaUb.! 

A^Iaj jl 4j£j1u£Hj *Ulc- ^£ Ajuiaj ^jLJajJj £)-* f*^ ^J^**' '"! l£ ^*^ .- ^"'"4 

4-Jajsu ^> A^Luu 12 4u lutL ^A\ fr\ ^kJl £4 <&l * Ufci ^ ^l^luuVI o^aJ 

(>» J^» 5 ^! f*^ 1 0** O'l 4^'UJ cr^VI Jja^l ^ AjjAj ^uiil jUxluul JjS 
^jj ^Lij ^ jS t-Ajjj J& J4 5 ^j 1 ui^uij »4b 4jj*2 ^aj jSj i JjjVI Jja^II 

1 jlj uAjjl f UaC-j ^ (jjlj AjjaJ <^j i A£-Lm 18 J*J diUfl J4 ia.ljj 4"J^t l£* 

. A^tuu 12 >^u £iUd 4JlaJ| Jjjla ££ L& ^UlajJl f U ^ J^» 
JluulmVi Jjjla ^ ^utaJj JljJ Jbj Jlu. ^ ^wJl lift j-uu &> : 4^»U Aia^!i4 

^Lj JjL jssti j* jal 10 s^i 100 Sjij^ ^.j^ Aj^Srij inJaSri o^ o! 

J^C Au\kj Aj^lj Qj^J^l c3^i (ill^£j 4 Aj A uJl ^4 pj^l 1<^ Aftnnll 4-uajC- l^JV 



186 

VI dja^ ^jS i pJuA\ Jjflj! £*\±*1\ CJbUaxuJl Jib CJljA* £-^jj l^Jj^J ^jj 



dljailAiJ &jj 


£%jA\ jbc 




f)>gr 400 -- 200 <> 


J** (jl* mm 50 - 33 


6* 


// 1200 - 1000 // 


// 76 - 70 


// 


// 2000 - 1200 // 


// 100 -- 80 


// 


// 4000 - 2000 // 


// 150 -- 100 


// 


// 5000 -- 4000 // 


// 200 -- 150 


// 


// 7000 -- 6000 // 


// 300 -- 200 


// 



MJUaxuJj Jjla <> jl* JSI 1500gr -- 2000gr 6* ^UUa^uJJ jjlaSI c^j 



.^jjlaII ^iliuail jJaS -1 
:<jA j (j^-^uj^ .J] <Jj|jaJftla3b (j^lil <Ljiaj AalJxAil TuLL-ail ^u&j 

.^u*2 ^^ tg^l urn U -I 

.£jjt£ U$ia JSJj .^u2 (jjS I g^Um b» .CJ 

.(Jajd\ x isUyJl x (CjjIj JJC-) 20= f ij^W *-0^1 S>laJ! £jj 



1 QH a 

4-4j^UI SjJuaJt ^jl (^oul.8 ^"^ Ai "j '^-"20 ^-^j^ 4j^^> A^ai*^ :Jll* 

tiU^tt .tat 

#L £j*JI x A£UuJj x 20 = c 
.TNT 6* <*> 720 = 20 x 1.8 x 20 = C 

.O^jxil x ^j2 (fcUyJI) x 10 = 4-^pUJ S^aJl Jjj 
xlaii *LaJ^Ul Sj^aJj JajI 44ujj3.5 ^fl*'* 1 A '"J 4 ^13 ^-^J** 4aj«i*-« ^i^ : J&« 

.O^jxil x ^> (A£UuJj) x 10 = C 

.TNT (> ^1592.5 = 13 x 3.5 x 3.5 x 10 = c 

: Ji*ill ^ U£ JjLLuJI jJjjlill Sj^taJ! J-^aj 




^5 jjU J^-uu JLuuj A£Iaujj qaJ*' Lgi £utL*a £P Sjb& ^ AjP ji^Ij c-ujUVI fa-*^ 

:^uii ^jjiiii ^±kiuj ^2 <y* s^uSri asl^ cas \i\ 

J^pult x A£UuJj x 20 = 4-O^t S>^il l)JJ 



188 a 

.hp *\\ x <SU^1\ x 20 = C 

.TNT ^448 = 14 x 1.6 x 20 = C 

:c jm ^jjiiii >>±kiuufl ^2 <> jfci s^uSri iiu*- <u& iSi 

.kp^l X j^> (i£UyJI) x 10 = 4-O^Ut S>^JI £jj 

.Wall X fcUjJ (iiUyill) X 10 = C 

.TNT 6* ^1110.9 = 21 x (2.3x 2.3) x 10 = C 
.3 ^i gSUll uj^ AiilLa £i** 4> c-ujUSHj jtiliuail cUl£ |jj : ^U A^s^U 

: JLuJI ^ La£ £jJLLuJI ^jjjUII SjJuaJl *-ua j 




: A^j±Jj AojJxaII ^Jliuall jiaS -3 
:<^A J (^AAjJk /Jj CJtjailalL j^lij Aijjlaj 4£>j±al\ AaliSLAll nj\l*al\ *■•&** 

lyflft Cx&® ^iVi..n ^2 ^ jtAL^ll 4SU« OjI£ tit .1 

.<jlajail x <l£LfcuJ! x 40 = £ 
: ^Uij ajSlilt ; a -- f*-2 <> J^i jtAiyfll! 4£Uu< cUl£ tit .v 

,<jIaj*JI x j-ujj A£buJj x 20 = C 




; £U^1 AjjVjiil OtuiaiJI £^ -4 
.^2 ^ U Jak U j 

:JjSn djZM 

l^im &jffl\ ?\Yu«\ ^2 J± 4*^ JIjaII un-JaAil jlaS jtt G) 

.fcujj (jlaill) x 20 = ^kpU S^aJl Jjj 
?Axiaii Vj^Ul S>laJj Jaji ^1.3 djlai CJAua^l JVjill <> uu^ai : JUL* 

.&*> (>W) x 20 = C 
.TNT 6- <* 33.8 = 1.3 x 1.3 x 20 = C 

lj\ll\ C^m ^Vmii ^2 (> J^l 4*^ Jlj^il uuJaAli >S £l£ 1 J) 

.uu*£ (jlaill) x 10 = l-O^I S>^JI OJJ 
?^4j^Ul S^utaJl ■ia.jl 4^-3.7 djlai LJAuXAJl jVjii! <> t-uJafl ; JUU 

:d*tt 

.3(>Ail) x 10 = c 

.TNT 6- ^506.53 = 3.7 x 3.7 x 3.7 x 10 = C 

: Jluill ^ U£ JjLLuJI ^jjlili SjJiaJl £uaj 



190 




£l4j ^jSJj tAjilaJI Sj^taJb Lj.au3.ai) y; -^^ cH§ 6^ V ^J^W :^-«^ <Ua^U 




:(L&j*l\ JUJI) o^ail JL* o^S -5 



191 



C#jIj£ o»& l^ak C&\J* tl jn/ft j JJ**^ -^J <^ u^aII JW^ f •** 










.*/! * 



?A*LaI ^UpU) SjAaJ) ±>jj t^l.5 djIaS <j^a£ Jja : Jlia 

:d*tt 

.&*> (J) x 20 = C 

.TNT <> ^45 = 1.5 x 1.5 x 20 = C 

.^45 t-frOJ S>-a J£ cfcH>^ JjaJl IdgJ jtfau 

^Ajtiaii *L«j^UI Xj.fr^t) ^.j) tA*du5 ^j^ u^^ J^ : j^i J^-« 

:d*tt 

•W^(J)xlO = C 
.TNT <> ^1250 = 5x5x5x10 = ^ 

.^1250 ^jj Sj^a <J£ l«j>^ J^t !ifl £^J 

JlJjjlj JIjjAJ Aajjj^ uiuu jIaAjVI «i^j 0>4 <j^J£J! J^ £}' Iaj jAJaa^U 
^jjU J-4*j jIaAjVI -1JC- j t^nni^Wirt £jj j£j-« ^jj^ua 4j £uajJ JaxJaJj 4aj-« 
.J^aJJ ^ju>ui L-aS c-llu4j L&a dJlUjlj J^aJl JIjjAI Jaxua ( Jc> lj/'J'*"^ 



192 



C 



.>-_u 



iilAi 



— iff h 



tf>**^ — 



^-;-^- 



> 



jjj ^S j* 



:Aj-aluaii SjAaJl ^kyuljj AjJVjiJ! ^UxJaDj S.1a&VI q*& -6 

J-s- 6WJ3 (J) x £ x o- x 3500 = C 

; ^\3 .i* = 3500 

# jIaIL 4xia£ S\jA\ d jiaS jl Jj^aJl tiLua = (jdu 
. jIaJLj J^xJl j S^iaJj £jj MiUiAij = j-ijjj (j) 

# jIaIl »j-*^tt jjU^j jj^ajtij aaj = j 

.100 

•i^jl c>uj20 ^^ SJjju a^iJI Uxuaj t^uilO &j^3 JVjill ^ i$J^ ^J-*^ : J^ 

:d*tt 
J - &*>(j) x £ x qm x 3500 = C 

.0.1 = 100 - 10 = LH 

.o.i = ioo - io = e 

0.04 = 0.2 x 0.2 = 100 - 20 = &a> (j) 

.0.1 = 100 4- 10 = J 
.TNT 6* ^14 = 0.1 ■*- 0.04 x 0.1 x 0.1 x 3500 = £ lP! 



193 



: J&mJI ^ U£ Sj^taJj J-^aj 



40 i^«JI ^J 



Vj" V * " ij**" 






fljft ^ j_r* 



JjULalt A^jijj ca-uj!4 4a£l A - uj cauj15 A-uajSi JVjiil O* 4 V*^ ^J**^ ij^ 
SjJiaJl ^jl (^30 ji«^-*J Jj-axil (^ *^*^ »j'*^ti Uxuaj 4(j^aj«j| »j.^tt 

:d*tt 

J - &*>(j) x £ x qm x 3500 = C 

0.14 = 100 ■*■ 14 = qm 

0.15 = 100 - 15 = e 

0.09 = 0.3 x 0.3 = 100 - 30 = &a> (j) 

0.15 = 100 -15 = J 
/[^ 44.1 = 0.15 - 0.09 x 0.15 x 0.14 x 3500 = C 



dlfe j CjUUjV! 5^* ^ CA jlP Jllaj l^Slfi jaijj U^P S^utaJj £>' LLujjJj Jj^ui 

Cjj Jlxij t^JLi ILLuj LiLua]) 4aj-« UfijP Ia£j - La ■ hl\ Aaj*4j /*a*-uj La <^A CJljUJi 

,4-Ajli AjjIjj fj&luu Jldu CjUUjVI &** ^ SjAaJl 4> AiikUi 

Ut£ ^iUIbj cSjJuaiJ c-uj^aij jlafl L-iuaJ Jloj Sj.fr^t} ^ ^atU^tt Ul,!«.tf 4aj-gj 

jj^Jj ,Jc- S jJli Jaa.ua A^j-a Jj^aj L)^ 1 fl ** %' cr*^ 5 j^aJI £) jj *— iL-o^J AaIaj 

^ja\ u>s o^: s^ t^i ji£ ijit It^tiy.) ji V|i> jAjaU o\j^\ 



.68 (j^ 3 C5^1 61 (j^ 3 civ* L -^j >< ^\ 1 a^iaLu! cjIjj^jI c^gjliiVI ^ g •> II <c.^juojx . 



194 a 





^^J ^^^ 




[jJOlj-Wiw^.J^^i 


L^L- 


^l^Ui^ld^^ 1 




►1 








\ IH^^^' 


i^i 





:^U1I Jitfi Ji& jii^JI <> 




P^ (BP) wriJ> J^Jr iH^i ! ^ 



<*-,<»> ,1*^1* 






195 a 

^jjIMj k*pl\ SjJbJ! Ja.jj £J\ Ujfe <>1*Xj ji^aJ! iaiuJ £l Ujjj iSjj 

iall^V <J&1\ I^JJJ i-O^U! CJljAaJl JJP ^.jj (Z t^ljJaJI lallub 3-uatiJI 3jjVJ 

. 2 [jM 

• CJJjAaJj <> l^J^ L)b^ ui^j t-ujaJ] .1 

j^lUil £)jjU!| Aixuuljj Lkaaj AJjUala jl $j£j-a *Ua.jlA J 

fSjfe jLiig tj&*l\ ojj = £ 

.(4) f3j Jj^< V^-^ t^AJ) S Jbu jkL Jate = ia 
.(5) ^Sj Jj^aJl (-Udu& LHaJI J& SjAaJj jJaj ^LSj J&L Jate = lj 

.jIaIL jl^aJj 4£Iauu = j 

.j2 = &H j*J* LfcRi^ LfcW 4iU^j Ui 

.Jl -5- J = (0) ^Ij^aJl -^ Ui 

.ji^b jl^Jl JjL = J d^ 

dj^a. Cjjaw ALllyil JljJl jl^aJl Jjla ^ U.ltl 4^t£ Aj^I d^A £ul£ jjjj 

# 4JjUala 

.(C 1.5) ^j^ f Ull <J jj*xa Ui*]) 4U Ijjj 



(L)^ 


f Lull £jj 


1 


4&-Ch! 


1.3 




1.4 


♦♦ ♦ i 


1.5 




1.8 




5 


^la^ <_uj^5\ ^rtiHA ^MAi/«) 


20 





(4) fSj Jj^ 



LuiJ (^) <L»Ja SjJiaJl Jluu put) 



(5) ^J Jj^» 



.70 (j-* 3 C5"^l 68 (j^ 3 civ* L -*j >< "'\ 1 ^-j-ai*-^ c — 1 Uj > ^^ t^^sVl ^ g •> II <c.^juojx . 






4&1j 






4^ 



4£Aj 



^J6j^ 



Sj^aJI 



LH = J 



9 






LH = J 



3.5 





^ ^ j|* 4 



= J 



1.2 



1.3 






ujj&II S>^a Jjj £j£J jl jlj^aJ) LllwV JjL^t OjjIB <> AajaI^I ^lya^l 
: JUI! ajSlfl! «i*-»J* 4^^J jM *J^ J ^l>iaJ! £^j2 A^ 

• 3 £ d = (C) >^ s± ^ j s >^ &3j 

.(6) ^J Jj-^ <> jM s ^ e>^ c5^ J*t* = (^) A^ 

*\ja\\ j! JaJi 4SU« ^SB = jIaJL AjjjiJ Jl^l jiJaJ! ^i (u^j) f jaJl ( £) 

.2 ■*- jM 

.jUb <Lu>2 Jl j4« jM Jjla = (J) 0\ ^ 

(6) fjj Jj^» 



(d)^S 


(£) 


fUJI 


ftJLutA 


♦♦ ♦ i 


j** 


o£ 




.62 (j-^ J! 59 u-^ t>» 4 £?-j^ o^ (6) ^j Jj- 1 ?- £f^j "-*j^ 

.71 o^ ls^\ 68 u- 3 t> <-■,> 















r 7 




jlaJb 


a 


1.7 


1.58 


1.46 


1.2 


0.35 


0.5 


1.4 


1.32 


1.22 


1.18 


0.40 


0.6 


1.12 


1.08 


1 


0.86 


0.50 


0.75 


0.87 


0.81 


0.76 


0.80 


0.60 


0.9 


0.76 


0.70 


0.65 


0.58 


0.65 
0.8 


1.2 _1 


0.68 


0.63 


0.58 


0.50 


0.85 
1 


1.3 
1.5 


0.62 


0.58 


0.54 


0.47 


1.05 
1.15 


1.6 
1.7 


0.56 


0.52 


0.52 


0.43 


1.20 
1.40 


2 1.8 



198 

IgJV C&j Jjaj ?&> AJU ^ CjIuoaJI ji ( jjL±a1\ j±a£1 Aj^luaJl S jAaJl -^"-■" 

.(4) ^j Jj^aJl (> f tuft SjUj Jkjj JaIxa = ia dua> 
£l£ jjj Lai t jlaib 4jjj^J Jlj-*ft Jj-axft jiai jl Jj^xft 4£La-uu jl jl^aJj 4£Iauu = qm 

JJjaII L)^ ^! 1*1 <££> J^W 4jjJ*^ J l>^ J>«*ft jl jl^aJ) 0^ S>iaJl Jsu = j 











J 


j^ — 


• 


1 , 






Ij^Vi^J^ # 


1 



?jj±aJ| tit LllyiV ^J^l S^i^Jl ±>j! i[&& ^J^] 

.££> jxa-x^xlO = c 

.0.7 = 100 + 70 = o* 

.0.5 = 100 + 50 = j 

.TNT <> f**8.75 = 0.5 x 0.5x 0.7x 5 x 10 = C 



199 











/ 








ji-*- 


(r*— Ki 


1 



.1.3 <^ g2Ufl W«^ f j£>a f U^t £t£ &\ *-^J 4*£-J <>^J ^Ujll^ll ^ 4b - 

.3 J gitft <->j±l Uj^yi f UJ! o^ ii! - 

.6 J gStf! ^j^ c^UUS jS^ f UJI jl* IS) - 

:^Ilb S jIja SjAau ^IjjVi ^j* 2 .3 

>lj <J£ = SJ JI ^ 4-4J}UI S>^JI jjj : JjS2 S^li dU* Ujj ^ o' ^^jl ty 

.TNT (> <**5 ^! ^^ ^i ***J <> &L* > 

?ftj^J2l 4*j!>Ul SjAaJl ±^jj 4 jl»5 4JjIaj t jl*5 <Uaj£ £jj ; Jll» 

,£ja jl*25 = 5x5 = £j^t i*L-u 

.TNT <> ^125 = 5 x 25 = 1-0^1 S>^JI jjj 



200 




ljj^j fi SJ JI hJUMA jLhV J^ J J^ *^ Uj** £j*U lM iS) :^^* 

.5 x gasn 

a f*aJt x ^> ^ x 0.35 = C 

.^13 jjp = 0.35 

.££> J^W J^t ^ = ££> lh 
. jUL £li2jVt x jUL o^jxil x jloib Jjkil = ^ 

?AjILI| a^A t-ujlll 4-a£Ul S>laJ! Jaji ^40 

.f*aJt x 2 a- x 0.35 = c 

.(12x 15 x 20) x (0.4 x 0.4) x 0.35 = C 

.TNT 6- ^201.6 = 3600 x 0.16 x 0.35 = 

:^ljUil uu>2 .5 

>!j^ ji^b ^-OJ J^>^ l>* djbxJj iauij ^fl ^^JJ £j£>* dj^^ AJxyuljj < imn 

:^UII Jj^t <^ ^ cj*1aII jIaJL Sjbxil ^ cix^a ^ jU«j 



201 

.Cutf jjc = 2 

:d*tt 
.SjUil ^ x 2 = C 

.TNT <> ^56 = (2x2x7)x2 = C 
x jlaal) u^Jala JjUI! JtUl ^i U£ 4oj)jku4 SjUil dull" IjJj i^jHHI jJaj 





b 1 — ' 


1 




^6 fejijip- 







.CuIj JJP = 2 



202 



• 4 [ 




: Jjlal! vi>H .6 
. 3 j ^ 35 = C &3^ <> S jS>« Sj^a Akuuljj j 

.(7) f3j Jj^aJl <> <JWJ^ LH^' S J^ ^ = "^ 

J 2 J k 12 = C &i^ <> ^jUal« S>^a ikwljj .ui 

. JU1L Jj>il u^> = jlaJb Jj>il J >JI Jjla (J) 

(7) (Jj jj±^ 



(J") 


ja^-all jj 4jj2JI £jj 


0.50 


Aula j oiA^C'IjjAju 


0.70 


Jll&iSaj 


1.00 


** w >•♦ 


1.25 


<^K jl <^lfl ^j jaa 


1.6 1.5 


Aj^uJ jj^ "+ 



i^jfdJt jSSU^tJl .7 

:^UM &>JtfM (> l$jjj jr jiiuu SjAsj ^ij^aJI J^l ^0! fk 



.73 (J** 3 ls^I 71 (J-* 3 L>° c 'J^V 4-^*^*-^ <— ^JJ^ c^UiVI ^Ifr^Jl <&jjujj-o - 4 



201 a 

^ ^uji <£ cj>^ v*l4 ji4i5 o^ ^j^l iitt! f** Jlj 13) :*)fcau 

:^*lbjUL*yi.8 



. 5 [f)ja> J^b Aja^aII SjailAij SjAaJl £jj = £ 

: j>duaJj uLdUJj t-ujlj] 
dit&LaJl fj d-lAC^t fJ Ala^Ul t jfljl^l £*SjJlj Aj^AV) lu^ j^aJl <> ujjiJ 

^ ji o^i c)i *^ <^ -^j j^La Sxap^i ui ,^i5 (fi. jjiaii jij s\\ i*& j* 

V ^ 1.3 = C *&*^ '■*> t%^ 6% ^ L)' J^ O-i t£* SoM <^bill ^11 b»l 

. JjaJj &uil jj LfcfcLpu <^ &J . 3 J 

JjjjAau tjjia AajJjL4 £ul£ £lfl ^jiM.ni Ci±\S £)] jlj^ VJ* 3 * S^Sh Ui 
(£jIUa) 4£jLuila ^plj^ ^ *jW^ J'"?^ L)r ^fl*** L5^ L)^bdUJ (jjlu^lxla 

. 2 J 20 = £ ^Jj ^^J c^ S-^lj *>-A fr^J* W* 2 * 

# f!j* jLSlb Sj^Jj £jj = C ^ 
jiaL L$jjj*j £)£ajj .jl^ib Sj^aJl jJaj^j <-ij^aII j-ajxll £)£ «J*J (/^Si = J 

cjbiuij ui .s^ij AjtLi >^Jj lj^i j>\ 4 jjj bu» 5uu UL3 A^jii j^ij^Ji 



.72 (j^ 3 ^j^^j ^W^)*-^^ ^ jj*^ '^j^^ s-y^p^j c ^"'^ - ■ 



204 + a 

£it&UJt Olj^aJl L-ujiu £jjUj uajaufi Sj^SH Ui .Mia^Ul (>l£ LjImJ ^ Jjj 
, 6 [Uj*l .lie- AlaU l*\j*. JSI (fi£ 3) 4Jj Sj^a j-Jajj : ^Uibdl jj-uaJ) . j 

.( e 500) :^xa\\ 
.(^150) :*#^l 
. 7 [(?350) ift^l 

: 4J&\ CiljkaJl jjSj j jaJi SjUj tgJ.biu*j 4! Ujj! |jjj c^bl^ TNT 

.TNT SjUj IfSl^lwl Mja1\ SjUIi AjjjjUII Sjill J^U-4 ^jj j 

Sjiii j-«u-« ^s> (^jjiiii ^ gj^"<<iii s jJu^ji lOj) g^i &*& ^^1 ji 

.TNT & ^J^ ^-al^luul Jl>*ij SjIaII Ajjjjbll 

:Jtl» 

: 4JU]| ^ijlaiil &Z TNT J^ C3 <&*£ d U*J 13) 

.TNT SjS <> 1.3 ^jU-3 ^j^UIl C3 SjS J-d** .1 

<*>500 jA 6jA*A\ £jj £J (jijSiilj OjMII <> 4aM SjAaJI £jj ^aj .cj 

.Ajj^Uil C3 SjS J*t** ^ _ 
. C3 <> f L* C3 = 500 - 1.3 = 385 6- Sj^JI ojj 

fc£ TNT SjS <> 0.92 ^j^^l ^ J-bu <jifl £*pti^\ f ±kl^ $1 Ujj! tit 

.AIM cjljkkil 
. 8 [c^lLiI! <> ^ 543,5 = 0.92 - 500 = ^lidJ! ^> S>^JI £jj 

^\ 

.65 (j^ 3 C5"^l 64 (j^ 3 O -0 c "j 1 ^^ ^^-o*-^ a .\f^ '^sj^^ s-^^j^^^j l * q '"* < " - 



205 a 

4 j*a 1430 >Vl £^j 



*^ JA> H2SO4 Sulphuric acid <jJa*U 1 

* 4 *♦ 

^•^IjSai^US HNO3 Nitric acid 4u%^ o^> 2 

jte JpUj NH4NO3 Ammonium nitrate f jA* 4 ^ £jI>j 3 

<>£>1^ KNO3 POTASSIUM ajl 4 

<A>ST! NITRATE fj^jJI 



206 



fUia!! jtl* Jplij 


NaN0 3 ' 


SODIUM?j^^1 cAJl 


5 


(J*X4A £4 




NITRATE 












(j^L^jij Jc-lij 


Pb(N0 3 ) 2 


LEAD NITRATE o*^J\ CAJZ 


6 


^jixalA £*4 








djji^t 








? jjjU! JfrlL 


BaN0 3 


Barium nitrate ?j*J-A\ ^L£ 


7 


^jixalA £4 
















fr» Lu«11 t>^ 


Co(N0 3 ) 2 


Urea nitrate ^j^ ^L£ 


8 


djjiuii qaA*. 








£X\1A\ J £ u 


CeHsOv 


Citric acid £jj*^\ o^U 


9 


CjULoJI u&Ia 


HC1 


Hydrochloric acid <ja*U 


10 


cAt^i ^ £u> 




djjj^jj^i 




jijij^ji 


C 2 H40 2 


Acetic acid dffi^ <ja*U 


11 


<jjjlj.ij$J! i^) 


HN 3 


Hydrozic acid q^A*. 


12 


JLaxIujL 




4ojj-^ 




H202 








j-4 jduUail Jfclij 


CuS0 4 


Copper sulfate lh^I ^j^ 


13 


djjjjjiil (jA41a 








^jj^uUjJj Jplij 


K2SO4 


Potassium sulfate &Ql>£ 


14 


(J^LdlA X-4 




^j^ljjjj 




4wj^i 








cj^i jftiij 


A1 2 (S0 4 ) 3 


Alluminum solfate ^^j^ 


15 


^jnaW £4 




pj^J$\ 




cr^)4£*J^ 








(3*&Jt 








^ jjj^-aJI Jc-Uj 


Na 2 S0 4 


Sodium sulfate £^j£ 


16 


^jasIa £4 




fjjj^l 




dlL^l 








il\ji ^Vmn 


Na 2 S0 4 


Sodium sulfite &Qj£ 


17 


4u ^Ijftfl 




^j^al\ 





♦♦ & £ 

^£ - la « ■ " i 

L-fl p Lj 

JiluJI 



207 



NaHS0 3 Sodium hydro 




18 


sulfite 






KC1 Potassium chloride 




19 


NH 4 C1 Ammonium 


^JJ** 


20 


chloride 


fjJj^VJ 




NaCl Sodium chloride 




21 


KCLO3 Potassium chloride 




22 



NaCL0 3 Sodium chlorate *bjfc 23 

Mercury J^ 24 



Hg 



NaN, 



I 



Soduim azid f j^>^t «ijji 25 



Iodine 



4j*it 26 



NH4OH 



Ammonium 
hydroxide 



±^jj±* 27 



NaOH Soduim hydroxide ±»&jj±* 28 

KOH Potassium ^jj-^ 29 

hydroxide fj^^j^t 



Jt 1 * 



H2O2 Hydrogen peroxide 



*±»&jji 30 



*♦ f 



A 4 * «* 



208 



C.H.O 



Acetone 



L«MJ^ 



0&A\ 31 



C 6 H 12 N 4 



Co(NH2)2 



Hexamine ^U-%11 32 



Urea 



Wjj*« 33 



Al 


Alluminum 
powder 


f joLdt SjJjj 


34 


Mg 


Magnesium 




35 


S 


Sulfur powder 




36 



C6H20 Charcoal powder ^M h*Ji 37 

Na Soduim metal f j^>^t &■*-• 38 



Zn 



Phosphorous jj*^t l)-**- 4 39 
Zinc powder &$\ d*** 40 



C 2 C1 6 Hexachloroethane <^1^ 41 

(C 6 H 4 NH2(N02 pranitroanaline o&xfi&Ji 42 



C 6 H 5 NH 2 



aniline 



O&M 43 






^ e ±ao«j 



C6HsCH- 



toluene 



c«jttt 44 



♦♦>•>• >•♦♦♦ 

eft V) 
2 ,<,:i<,^t i 



209 



♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ 



** t* & k ♦ ♦♦ 



Fe 2 Q 



2W3 



Fe.O 



3^4 



ferrous oxide jj-^-^ 4****' 45 



ferric oxide 4^^ ■ J ^^ 46 



BaO Barium oxide f ,alW1 -V* - *' 47 



N 2 H 



2X14 



anhydrous chj4#^ 48 

hydrazine cfeOb^ 



N2H5OH hydrazine hydrate cfcOb-V* 49 

C 2 H 5 OH ethyl alcohol <^Atf! Jj^l 50 

CH3OH methyl alcohol tAA^< Jj^< 51 



C 6 H 5 OH 



CinHsO 



phenol 



phanphthol 



dA^ 52 



Jj^Ui) 53 



C 3 H 5 (OH) 3 
C2H8O2 



gylycerine &j>*M 54 



glycol 



Jj%LJt 55 



C2H8N2O4 ammonium oxalate 



aiyiSjl 56 



2 ,t 1 ,*,<t t UtMitt 

♦♦♦♦♦♦ 



210 

KMN0 4 potassium 

permanganate 



cjlbJ^jj 57 



C 6 H 5 N0 2 



nitro benzene &jjLjjSIJI 58 



Na 2 C0 2 sodium carbonate ^Ui^j* 59 

NaHC0 3 sodium ^jjj% 60 

bicarbonate fj^>^t 

paraffin (^j)l)^j* 61 



AgNO, 



CioHs 



silver nitrate &&\ &\J£ 62 



C 15 H 



15*132 



naphthalene 



vaseline 



63 



<iM* 64 



211 



212 



213 



214 



215