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Full text of "Aristotle Works III Aristotelis Opera Omnia.Graece15v.in 4v.comb.PhysicAusc.EdSter.Tauchnitz.1831.1832."

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AUIST0TEL1S 

lltHETORICA. 




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ARISTOTELJS 

OPl R A OMNIA. 



VOL. XII. 

Imest: RHETOBICA. 



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RHETORICAE 
ARGUMENTUM. 



I*i b. I. Cap. l.Bnetoricam fere logics* aut dialectic te 

respondere, ntpote cuius praecipuum munus tit demon— 

sttare el prohaie. De militate rhetoiicae artit. ' Qua rt 

diiferat rhetor a dialectico. 2. De argument 1 •, quibus pro- . 

batur aliquid. Ea ease Vel artificialia, yel non artificialia* 

De moribtts oratorU, de afiectibui auditorum; deenthy- 

xnematibus et exemplis. 3. Tria esse considerandavin 

oratibne, primnm oratorem, deinde rem , deniqne nudi- 

torem. Xria orationum genera, 4«Uberativum, iudiciale, 

demonstratiyum. 4* Degeiiere deliberative Quaeres 

pleruinque in ciyitate in deliberationem cadant. 5. De 

I fine bonorum, de felicitate. 6. De bono et utili. 7. De 

J meliori et utiliori. ,8. De rerumpublicarum , forfius, et 

I .quid cuique earnm condncat. 9. De geuere dexnonstra- 

| tivo (intdttXTUup), De yirtute et yitio, honesto ct turpi, ut- 

I pote laudandi aut yitnperandi* materiis. De amplifica- 

' *lione; 1Q. De genere iudiciali. De iniuria, de legibus, de 

accusatore et defensore. De causis, quibus iniuria infer- 

tur. 11. De iucundo. 12. De qualitate eorum qui infe- 

runt iniuriam, et eorum, qui patluntur. 13. De iusto et 

iniusto, turn legum ratione turn hominnm, deque aequo* 

14. Deiniuriis maioribui. 15. De argumentit non atti- 

ficiaiibus, quae sunt: leges, testes, pacta convents, quae- 

stiones, iusiurandnm. 

Lib. II. Cap. 1. Qualis debeatesse orttio,ut fidera f&~ 
ciat. De persona oratoris. De prudentia, virtute; de benevo- 
Abist. Rxzbt. 



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ii RHETORIC. ARGUMENTUM. . 

Untie, quatenns ea in auditor ibus excitanda: deque afFeJ 
ctibut . 2. De ira. 3. De leniendo sen lenitate. 4* Dm 
amore et odio. 5. De inetu ec fiducia. 6. De pudore et 
impudeniia. 7« De gratia. 8. De inisericordia. 9* De in* 
dignstione. 10. De invidia. 11. Deaemutatione.' 12. Da, 
moiibus: hnremun, 13* senum, 14. Tiro-rum, 15. nobw 
lium , 16. divitum , 17. potentium. Nanv ut bprum 
■omnium moribus accommodate dicamns, valde opus est! 
ad parandam benevolentiam. 18. De iis quae pariler in 
omoibus oralionibas sunt adhibenda. 19. De possibili et 
tinpossibili. 29* De exemplis rem illustrantibus. 21. De 
sententiis Insereodis. 22. De enthymemate. 23.DeIocis, 
e quibus eothymemata depromi pnssint. 24. Loci, falla- 
ciurh enthvmematuni. 25. De solvejidis aut conmtandis 
entbTmematibus. 26. Amplificationem et extenuationexu 
non essoin ter locos referenda*. x j 

Lib. III. Cap. 1. De elocutions, totmsque orationis 
adornatione. De actione et pronuntiatione, 2* De elo- 
cutions virtatibus. 3. De eias vitiis. 4. De imagine, ge- 
nere metapborae. 5. De puritate sermonis, rectaque elo- 
cution e. 6. De amnliindine. 7. De decoro. 8. De im- 
xueris. 9* De pcriodo. 10. De urbanitate. 11. De arte, 
oculis quasi res subiiciendi. l2*De*vaiiis dicendi gene- 
ribus. 13. De orationis partibus. 14. Deprooemio.l6.L'o* 
ci ad crimioationes dissolvendas. 16. De narratione, . £7. 
De probatlonibus. 18* De interrogatione* De ridiculis. 
19. De peroratione. 



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ARISTOTELIS 
R H E T O R I C A. 

LIB E R L 



„ . CAPUT 1. 

rz QtjTOQtxTi low artlaxqo(pog ttj ftaltxTiftp* ap- 
tportQOi yaq ne^l toiovtow tipmp 9I01P, a nova tqo- 
nop twa anavtwp Sail ypvofaip , nal ovSifuas ixi~ 
0TT)fit}S a<j>ta$njfis*tig. A& na\ napxtg rqonop xvwa 
unsxovotr ifupoip' itapng yia uiXQi wig nal Una* 
luv nal vnixur loyop, nal a7toloyua&ai nal naiqyo- 
quv iyxttyovot. T&v fiiv ov*noXl&r,'oi jib uxij 
xavxa SqSkhp, ol Si Sta <svrt\&ua* ano Dm; • 'Bfril 
3' apyoTiqug ipSixnat, Srflop Stt ffq ap avja nal 
odonouU*. ' Al 3 yaq imivyxdrovoip otuSUt avmy* 
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bddxttai* to Si joiovtop narttg ydf) ap bpoloyh-^ 
aaup ^*xyyS toyop $ha$. ' flip uh ovr diiag %igpag 
rwy Xoymp avprUHpttg, oXlyor nmoirjxaotp avtitf 
u op toy alyao nfotug &rtjpw Jar* fiopop, ti S* 
alia nooa&^xat. Ol Si n$ol uh irxhvpruiarw ov- 
dsr Xdyovot*, Zneo tail o*ua *f $ niotmg, ntql Si tip , 
ftw xov noayaaxog tajiXuaxa noayuvwbortau Ata- 
fioXri yao, nal XUog, nal ooyq, nal %a toiavta na^ff 
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2 ARISTOTELIS 

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ngiyparog Xdysiv, xa&dnsg xal iv 'Aqhu* nayy • o£- 
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rov noirjoei, ozgtpXov. "Bit di qpavtgby , on rov pb 
ppanafaTovyrog ovdiv iony $$a> rov diiSairbngaypa, 
on botiv q oix tauv, ij yiypytv rj ov yiyoysy. 'El, 8k 
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fovg yopovg, ova ivdixeJCH, navza ditogiluy aviovg, 
xal on ilaxKTia xaTdXeinuy htl rolg xghovoi • Trgco- 
%ov pb, on tva la fitly xal bXlyovg gaov, y nolXovg 
tv.fpQOvovvrag xal dvyapbovg vopo&ttdlv xal #/xa- 
fay enutf at pb vopo&talai ix noXXov xgoyov 
qxtyapbnay ylyvortai , al di xgtoug d$ vnoyviov • 
ware xalmbv, anolkdovw to tilxaioy xal to ovpyigov 
xakmg tovg xglyovrag* To di namtay piyiotoy, oxi 
fl pb rov yopo&itov xgtaig,ov xaxoTpigog, £o#t* kc- 
ol x&y nagqyrmy,'] aXXa ntgl peXXorrw t« xal x«- 
&oXov iaxlv o 3* ixxXr}Oia&tT}g xal dixaoj^g i}di}7tt- 
ol naoiruoy xal uyoiQUSp&w xoiyovoi, nqbg oh'g xal 
to yiXuv y$m xal to fjiiouv, *«» to ioVojr avpqxoor 

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RHETORICS LIB. I. CAP. I. 9 

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neql Sizov yeyovivai i) pij yeyorirou, 4} eato&ai 1} u$ 
toeo&ah n tlrat ij fit} tlvai , avayxr\ inl %oig xfttaig 
xaralsijtuv \ ov yaq thumb* tavta top vofio&tirp 
nfo'i&uv. E* 3i tav& y bvwg «/«, yareobv Snta i£a> zov 
nqayuatog Ttxvoloyovctv, Saoi talla 3iooi£ovour, 
alov ti du to ngooifitop t) Jijy di^yfjow tyuv, xai tw 
allmv htacnQv uoqlw ovdsr yia\iy ait'dig alio 
■ naayaateiortah itlqy onvg tw xonif* naiiv w* 
noljio&ar mol de tS>v Irtixwnt nlotw? ovifofeixvv- 
ovui • tovxq 6* iatlv, o&i* av %tg yivovto b&vfifiua- 
tatog. /ha yaq tovto, tJjg avttjg ovgyg fis&odoO 
ntql ti (fqpiiyoQtxi xai dixavixa, xai xalliopog xai 
noXntuatiqag t^g o^ufiyoqat^g nqayuaxtiag ovwug, 
fj trjg rap} ta avrallayuata, mol uh> ixdy^g ovdev 
Xeyovat, ntql di tov .dtxa£$o&at navxig nkiowytai 
tqp/oXoyiiv in jprrop ' ion nob eoyov ri SSu xqv 
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maaovoyar f} dijpqyooia dutoloylag, alia xatyoteoov • 
ivtaw&a uh yaq o xoityg »«f I ?w otxefoy xqiyu • 
•Sav ovdir alio &&, nkyp anodeftai ou ovtmg t#u, 
<Ss qtffatv o avuftovltvwy. *Er da totg ducanxctg oy% 
htuvav tovto, alia nob tqyov iatlv ayalafitiy tip . 
ixQoavrp 9 iuqI alloiqltov yao % xqlaeg * Hazt ii^ag - 
to avT&v axojtovfitpoi, xai nqbs z&aw axq&ausvQi, 
di&Aaa* tolg a*<pw(fyrov<wt, all* ov mqIvovqi. Jto 
xai aollazeii £ox*# xai ffgittawtuwa^ o vouag *w- 



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4 ARISTOTELIS 

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faioifixi} 4v&vfit}ua • xal com rovto , is anXtig uttup, 
xvgmxaxop xvp nloxtwv • to di iv&ifitipa avXloywpoq 
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drjXov d 1 on o pdXtoxa xovxq bvvdptrog &mqup 9 Is 
xlmv xal nwg ylypjxai ovXXoytopog, ovtog xal h&v- 
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iox% xa ir&vfifjpom*, xal xipag c#ct diatpogag 31009 
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xaotp ixavwg, xal xa nXeUo xvyxdvovoi xijg aXrj&zlag. 
Jib ngbg xa Mydofa oxoxaoxtxmg ?/«*, xov bpAfaq 
fyoyxog kal ngbg xrjp aivj&siay ioxiv. *'Ot* pip ovp 
xa Sw Tot) 7xgdypaxog[xal]ol aXXoi xezvoXoyovoi, xal 
dioxi paXXop artoperevxaoi ngbg xo dixoXoyuv, <)pcry«- 
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RHETORICA. LIB. I. CAP. I. fr 

msl h tdig tonixotg Myope* ntgl t^g ngbg rove not* 
lovg toevSetog. "En di xavavxia del dvvao&ai nti~ 
&ny, xa&amg not h ioig ovXXoytopolg , oiz onng 
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iX£ lvu pip* Xav&ayy n&g%x H > *«* ontag, aXXovxg*- 
piyov toig Xoyoig avtoig ftij dtxaiwg , Xvttr ez<*p$r. 
T&y fiiy ovv aXXwy tijpr&y oidtpla turartia avXXo- 
yi£ttai* ij 9i diaXexuxij xal f) fajogixri jioyai tovto 
notowtv oftoiwg ydg^tloiy ifupotegat tmy irartivy. 
Ta pivToi Ajnoxtiptva ngdypaxa ovx opofag &«, 
l&Xtf aitl tdXrj&ii xal tot ptXtita tjj <f>vatt, tvavXXoyi- m 
oroxtgoi xalim&avmtga, wg anXmg unity. JJgog di 
tovtotg, aroTtoy, tl ry capom fih aiuxgby py Svya- 
o&at fiofjdelv kavxia, Xoyw 6" ovx alaxgoy * o ftaXXo* 
Idiqy dotty av&gmnov -ujg tov owfiatog Z^tiag. JEt 
9i, SnpeydXa pkaiptuy &y o zg<*fM6s adixtagtp to#- 
avijj SvyafiH t&v Xoywy, tovro it. xotvoy i&n xata ~ 
w&ptwr ivy ayadwv, nXvp (XQttrjS, xal ftaXiota xaxit 
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Tr\ykug • totovtoig yag ay Tig wptXrititu to fiiytatctp 
ZDctfiSyog ducaiag, xal fiXatpei$y, adixwg. "Oxifuy 
ovy ovx taivy oil* hog nvog yiyovg acfxagiauiyov iy 
(JijTO^i*^, aXXb xa&antg r\ diaXBxnxi), xal bu ZQ+G*- 
fiog, qpaysgoy • xal on ov to miaou, tgyov ovrj}?, oi- 
Iotp Iduy ta V7tagzqyra m&ava mgl fxooror, mo*-> 
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latgixifg to vyia TtotTiaeti, alXa, fdzgtg ov iydixttm*, 
fiBXQi toitov ngoayayiiy* ton yag xal toig adpya^ 
tovg fUtaXafluy vyitlag, opatg dtgantvom xaX&g. 
Iff is d$iovJOig f on trig oviifc.TO* ti ri&aVoy xal to 



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ABISTOTELIS 

awuxipeyov Id civ m&avor, wwtfg xal far* tij|$ SiaX*- 
xrutyg trvkloytgpov tt xal <$>«*? opevov ovXXoyiopoy. 
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, UaXa> ovv oXov $ vnagxr\g bgwiptyoi aviyytig iati, 
liyupty tin Xoma. 

CAPUT II. , 
< "Exnm tf t] % gytogixy hvvapig negl txaatox zoi, 
6*«>QTj(foc§, to iyd^xopByov m&awby. Tovt&.yag ov- 
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RHETORIC*. LIB. I. CAP. II. t 

%&$$ rov Xiyortog, at dtto ry tor axgoatip dux&n- 
yal n<og, ai tie iv alto) t§ X6yco, did tov foixrvvat % 
ipaiyeo&ai dtixyvyai. Aut fih ovy xov %&ovg t Stop 
ovrat l*z&tj o Xo/og, Sort alioiwnoy notation toy Ji- 
yorta. Totg yag inuikiai mottvo/ity pallor xcil 
&8rtor, it eg} ndytaty ph aitiug* to*olg di to ixxo j- 
pig ptj iotw,'alla to apa>tdo$diy, nal nartsl&g* Jet 
dk xal tovto avppaiyny did toy Ibyoy, alia py 6t& 
to ngobttioSaoxtai itoiby ttya ttvat, toy Myoma, Oi 
yag, Santg tvioi t&y ttzvoloyovvxiov u&iaoty to tfl 
i*Xvjl\*aT\ tip htutxuay tovliyoytog, ig ovdiy ovp~ 
paHopirqv ngig to m&ay6y • alia oz$b*ov, ig tin&y, 
xvQiendxrjv Jfaunlowto tf&og. Aid de t&w axoop- 
twv, it ay ug nodes %no rov loyov ngoax&Stow od 
ydg ouotog aitodl&ofii* tag xglaug Iwiovpsyot xal 
Xatyovttg, i) qxlovvwg nal ptoovrttg' ngog o xalpo- 
yoy nttgdo&cu tpaph itgaypattvtQ&ai tovg y%y t«- 
yroloyovrtag. JItol pto ovy tovtwy dtjlv&rionat 
xa&ixaatoy, Stay mgl i&y nad&y Uywpty. jia 3t 
t&y loytoy morevovotv, 'Stay <?lij&eg q (patvoptro* 
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pHy,tov ovlXoyloaa&at dvyapiyov, xat tov&itagrjoat 
td mgl ta y&ij nal tag Agrtdg, xal tgltov td mgl t& 
na&n, tit* ixaatoy ton t&y na&ay, xal nolovu, 
xal to ttymy iyybnat, xal n&g • Sou ovppaiyu tip 
gijTogixrjy, ol<fy nagatpvig ti tqg OiaiUxTixij? sly at, 
xal Tijf? mgl tit ^&r\ itgaypat$iag , j?v dixaioy iat* 
ngooayogwiiiy nolmx'yy. A%o xal vnodvnat vnoti 
°X*lf** *• J W nokmxtig r\ (Jijtoohci} * xal oi ammoi- 

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8 . • % ARISTOTELIS 

ov/icroi xafxqg, xa ph di attatdtvaiay, x&di di alt- 
Zovtiav, xa Sinai di ullage ahiag dr&gwriixdg. 
*£oxt yag ftogioy T* xyg dtalixtix^g xal bpoiwpa, 
xa&dntg xal ao/o/isroi iXnoptv nigl oiderbg yaq 
igiopiyov ovdtxiga avxuv iony imajTjfiii, n&g t^«, 

, alia dvvdpeig xwig toJ nogioat loyovg. JXegl (tip 
ovp xrjg dv^ifum avxS>v t xal ji&g txovau ngbg cUZjj- 
lag, ei'oqTou a/idbv Ixavwg. , Ta>y di did. %pv- duxyv- 
v*h % <palpsQ&ai dwxrvvcu, xa&dneg xal fr xoig diet- 
Xmxixoig to uh inaywytj ian xb di ovlloyiafibg, [xb 
di <pau>6fuvog avlloyiafiog *] xal iyxav&a ofwimg. 

, "Eaxi yag to fitf nagdduyfia inaywyt}, to deiy&vpr}- 

- pa ovlloyioftog. Kalat d' to&vpjipa fdx, QrjTogixQy 
cvlloyiopoy * nagaduypa di inaymyr\v • $T)togixTJr. 
Harttg di tag nioteig itoiovyxa* did xov duxvvyai t t\ 
nagaddyuaxa liyoyreg, y iy&vpqpwxa' xal -naQa 
xavxa ovdiy ni»$ • wax* , tXntg xal oltag dvdyxfj ovil- 
Xoyi&ptvoy rj indyoyxa deixruyai oTtovy ij. oyjivovy 
(dyloy d* qfup xovio tx tw dvalvxix&v •) dyayxalov 
kxdxsgoy aix&y Ixaxigtn rovxw to alio tlvai. Tig 
3' iaxl ^diaipogd na^adfiyfiaxog xal iy&vfiiipazog, 
q>uytgby ix t$>y xomxwy ixtl yog ntgl avlleyurfiov 
xal Inayayng tXgqxai ngixtgov • ot* to ftsy inl xmy ' 

, * noll&y xal bfioimv dtlxyvo&ai oxi ovnag tfcf i, &s£ piv 
inctywyt) krxiy, iyxav&a di nagddttyfia' to di, xiyiow 
oVrwr, Xxzgbv xt did xavxa oitfiftaiyuy naga xavxa, 
x$ xavxa that, y xct&olov, % ug inl xb noli, ixu 
pat wlloyiapbg , iyxav&a di iy&vpt}fla xal&xai. 
Gaytgby di on xal kxdxegoy ^w dyuSoy xb tudogxyg 
fat*g*xr}g • xa&dntg ydg xal 4* xoig fis&odutoUg it- 



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. RHETORICA. LIB. I. CAP. II. 9 

Qijnu, xalirxoixoig opoitog t/et* tlal yko at pip 
nagaduypaxoydug fyxogtiai, al di b>&vptipaxtxai* < 
xal gqxogsg bpoiwg, oi piv ^agaduypaxtadug, ol di 
iy&vpupaxixoi. Ht&arol piv 6v¥ ovx qxxov oi 2o- 
yoioi diet xav nagad$typaxoiv • &ogvpovvxa* di pal- 
lor oi iv&VptipaxtxoL Tyr d* alxtav aix&v, xal 
n&g txaxjgoj x**px*ov t igovptv vaxtgov * vvv di mgl 
avztjv xovxw pallor diogtovptv xa&ag&g. 9 £rt$l 
yitg xo,m&avbv, xtvl m&avor tori, xal to piv, $v&vg 
vnagx^ d? avxo m&avov xal moxbv , to di, tw d*i~ 
xvva&w doxiiv dw xoiovxwv ovdtpla dixixvrj oxonii 
to xa&sxaoxor, (olov i) laxgtxij, xl JLwxgaxn xbvyut* ' 
tor imw,fi Kalliq • allocxl t» xotyde, ^xolgxowia^ 
de~ xovxo yag tlrttjpov to di xa&ixaoxov Smtgov 
xal ovx iTtiOTtjtov) ovdi t\ $r\xoQixn to xa& txaaxov 
hdo£ov &wgtiau , olov JS&xgaxH % *Innia • alia to 
xounodt, xa&amg xal ij dtalsxTixq * xal yig ixtlv^ 
ovMoyi&xah ovx i$ £v «iv/a* (pojyttai yig axxa xal 
tote BUQakqooiaiv* ul£ ixrfvrjpiv ix xmvloyov d$o- 
pivmv* r\ di £qrofixjy ix xw ydy fiovUvto&cu tta- 
$6xmv^ "Eou di *xb tyyo* avxyg. ntgl xm TOtovTw, 
mgl £v fiovl$vop9&a xal xixyag pq txoptv, xal ir 
xoZg xoiovxoig axgoaxaig, ol oi dvvavta* dw nolXvt* 
avrogav, ovdi Xoyit*j$-antQqQV&ir< Bovltvopi&a 
di n$g* xtav yaivopivw hdixso&cu ipopoxigwg fyw 
ftsgl ykg tot advvixwv allmg ij yttia&ai i\ toeo&a* 
% %X*tr ovdelg (fovlivtxah ovio*g vnolapftavmv ©£-, 
div yig nliov 1} ovxmg bdixxxai ovpflovltvuv. *Ev- 
ddxeta* di 9vUoyi&o&a* xal ovviy^v, xm piv ixovl- 
XMloympUmp *gix$gov p xadiiZ ioyUoyloxwr ph t 

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10 ARISTOTALIS 

dtopimr M &vXXoyiop'ov, 6*i« xo py $hm tvfoht. 
9 Avayxrj di, xovT&vxb pbpt\ tlrm evmotxoXov&rjTov, 
fob to pr\xog • byag xgtxijg vnoxntmt thai anXwg • 
xa ds, firj nt&ava, dta xa prj iS bpoXoyevpbwr eltun, 
pr^ ivdblw &<rts foaynaZov, xb, x* iv&vpypa (hen 
xal xb naoddnyfta ntol x<ov ivbixopfrmv &$ xa nol~ 
Xa tyw *<** «**»£ " *<> t*v* nagadnypa inaytapiv, 
xb &* Iv&vpypa ovXXoyiopov xai ij* bXlywt xt nal 
noXXdxig iXartovav, % i$ &v b ngmog ovXXoyiopig. 
*JZav yag tj xh tovtwv yrwgtpor, ovdi Sti Xiyuv • <$$~ 
xbg yag xovxo 7tgo<rt{&t)<nv b cUtgoartig* dIo?, ot* 
- dwgnvg mxpavixrp aywa ysvbcrixty, ixavbr iln&r, 
&n *0Xvpma rfWx^x** to &£,eii ottyapltrigtaOXvp- 
ma , ovde d*T *goa&urat • ytrtoexova* yjun Jtavxig. 
9 £nel 9i iaxip bXiya phxtay ccvayxcUar, & tap oi £if- 
xogtxbl avXXoftopol tiaf (xa yag ntXXa, ntglmv at 
xoloug xal at axiytiq,'ivdixixai *ai aXXmg fyw* ropl 
wv pi* y«o irgaxxovm, ftovXsvorcai xal oxodovw xa 
di irgaxxbpepa irapxa xoiovrov yfrovg toxh xalovdiv, 
ig tnog nneir, i* apayxffg towwv • t« fl* cu$ &r* to 
woAtf irvppabortm xal Mtxppsra, h xoiovxmp avuyxtj 
hiotov avXXoyl£9o&m m xa <' avayxma $<xva$xaluv • 
fljjAo* $' -5/iTr x«) tovto 4* tw awrjlvttipbf •) qpfty** 
floy, oti, H w* xk bbvpffprnx* Xfyetut, xi pi* army- 
Mala fatal, tit di nX&cna wg M tb noli. Mystai 
y&g ipfrvptipaxt* uxixw xal <rr)pt(w wnsavpy- 
xi\ tovtmp Ix&ttqop ixarlgfa xaiti that* To p&v 
fhq Bixb$ ftm? »i? inl xb weiw yiyvbptvov qx>x 
ccnXok fa, xa&antQ ogltwtai «•*£• uXXu to nsglta 
bdtxoptra $Xkog tyw 9 oi*w^ ft«r «c^0f ix$n> n^be 



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RHETORICA. LIB. I. CAP. :VL.' U 

o tlxbg, mg to xa&oXoy nqog to xatd ptoog. 7$p 
de orjptlow to pi* ovtmg «^m, wg wr xa&ixaotoy t* 
ngbg to xa&oXov, to de, &g tw xm&oXov t* nobg to 
xctT« pioog. Tovxoiy di, to pip ayayxalox, Texpq- 
otoji' tb.de py avayxcuov, avurvpo* 4a%i nonet tij* 
duxpoqav. 'drayxaZa pip ovx liyta , il £>v ylyyttak 
ovXXoytopog • $to xal texpqoiop to totovtox tmx oiym 
uaW &t<V. "Orery yaq pv\ tpdixeo&ai oXmptm* Xv- 
(jat to fo^^TOTsgpfy^oiovrtft texpfjqto* &g dtduy* 
uivov xal itmtoaopdrop' to yaq tixpaq xal niqas, 
tavtop ioti Haw tip aqxalax yXtfoiap. "Eti di tax 
vrjfiiiow, to fdp wg to xa& Ixaatov nqog to xa&oXov, 
ode* blow bI rig etmte otjpeiop thai, on oi oo<pol oV- 
iam L 2&%QaTr\g yaq oo<pbg f\p xal dlxawg, Tovjo 
dv ovp otjpuoxion • Xvtbv di, xf y aXiftkg jj to **- 
irifiivov aavXlbyiatov yaq. To di, olor eVttg eXieetx 
jTftiuov, ot< voosl, avqettei yaq * v thoxtv, on yd^Xa 
'xei* axayxdiox* oneqtSnx otiptlmp tixptjgiw pbvox . 
oil' [two* yaq, «V «X^k #» akvtox iatu fb di, 
)g to xa&pXov nqbg to xata piqog tyor • olov e? tig 
Xnuev, ou nvohtu, Gypiiop tlvai, nvxvbv yaq ava- 
tvsi* httbv di xaltofao, »$p aXfi&eg $ \ tod&xetak 
f ocq xal py itvqittorta nptvatitfP. Tl uiv ovy Hxbg 
ou, xal tl ofjpeiop, xal tl ttxpriqiov , xal il diay&m 
lovaiv, &qrfiat pkv xal vvx • paXXov di <paptq&g xal 
ttol yovtiofy xal dia tiv altlav ta ph cKJvXXoyusti 
art, tadi ovXXeXoyiapiva, to to%g avalvttxoig duo- 
lorai ntol avt&y. llagaduypa di, ow pfa ioriv 
naymyfi, *<*} nt $ not* inayvyq , iXoipai * tan di ' 
>vn &gpiqog/nqog olow, ov& ig oXox nobg piqog. 



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12 ARISTOTELIS , 

ov& ig SXop ixqbg qXop • aXX ig uigag itqog pigos 
Oftoiov nqbg buoiop, Stap ajiaw pip tj inb to avx^ 
ffrog, ' yvafppuTtQQv Si -fraxigov # &ax$i>ov, itaQadw 
yfia ioTtv oJop, on intffovXtvs %vQarvlSi*diQv\iaiog 
ttltwp tyf ipvXaxtjp • x«2 yio Jlnoiaxgaxog nqoTtQoi 
drnfiovlivw , Jtm tij* pi/tax^y, *«* Xa/far, ixvQvvi>y< 
at* xal Qtayivrjg ip Mry&gotg* xal otXXoi oaovg laa> 
at, nagaStiyuu navxig yiypopxai tqv diovvoiov, ol 
ovx Toaai nm, $1 Sta xovxo alxtl+ Jlapxa Sk xavu 
inb to avxb xa&oXov, on b imfiovXsinp xvqavyidi 
yvXaxyy alxti. *J$ &p flip ovp Xiyopxat al doxoioa 
*lvai nlaxug airoSuxxixal, ityyTou* T&v diiv&vfiii 
ftdttap utyaXy Sia<poga > xal uaXiaxa Uh)&via ax* 
defy itdyxag ioxlp, ipxta xal mol xyp SiaXfxxixqv )ii 
&oSop tup avXXoyiafiwr* TU per yog aimv, tax 
9 ax a xt)p Qtjxogtxiiv, taonto xaVxaxa xyp diaXtxxix'i] 
fti&oSop xvtp ovXXoyiopwr * xi Si xotx aXkag re^va 
xal Swift tig, tag uip ovactg, xct? Si ovirut xaxuXfjp 
pirag. Jib xal Xctk&urovoi xoig axoouxag, xal pal 
Xor anrofitvoL^yxata xotmor^ ptxafiaivovoiv 15 at 
t&p* uaXXop Si aaq>ig sata* to Xeybfttpop* diet nXuo 
rwp $t]&iv. yfiyot yag SiaXvxxixovg Tt xal ^ijto^ 
*ovg avXXoyiouovg tUpat, mo), ir xovg xorxovg Xiyo 
ptv ovxot S* tiolv ol xoipji ntgl dixaitav xal <pv 
amSp, xal ntpl noXmx&? t xal mgl noXX&v dia 
€pto6pxa>p tw tffitt * ofor, b xov fiaXXop xal iJtto 
ronog' ovSip yag paXXor taxat ix xovxov avXXo 
ffoao&at, ij ip&vuyua unitp mgl dixotlup y q>v 
aix&r, tj n$gl brovovp • xahoi ravta (Xdu diaq>i(>£i 
tdta Si, bja ix tip m$l haaxov ufeg xal yir'og ngo\ 



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. RHETORIC A. 1.IB. i. CAP. III. ' IS 

rdasmr iattv « olov, ntgl awaixwi th* ngotaaug, £ 
wv ovte b&vfirjfta ovn ovXXoyiouog ioTi nzgl tSb 
rj&txar' xat ntglrovtur aXXat, 4$ wrovx Hot at mol 
idvcpvaixtov ofiolmg tie rovto %x it i^lniptotv. Ka— 
xwa fib ov noijjou.ntgl ovSb ytvog tfiygbva • mgl 
ovdb yaq vnoxdutvov tow tavta de, ooy ttg av 
(ttXtiovg ixXiyrjiai tag ngotdontg, Xqoti noifjoag aklrjv 
iniotrip-qv tyg dtaXixttxjjg xal fajogixrig * av yag Iv- ~~ 
rvxp agxaig, ovx St* diaXtxttxy, ovdt grpogixii, pk£ 
ixebij totat T\g *x u *<** *$£<*?• "Eon di tit nXiUrta 
iw iv&vptipdtmr ix tovxcav twr utib Xsyopsva, t&p 
xat a fiigog xal idiw ix di tint xotv&y, iXatTto. Ka- 
dantg ovv xal b to%g tomxoig y xal irtav&a IhaiQt- 
Ttop t»x ivfropfiiiaiay td tt tidy xal tovg *o- 
novg, & iv hjittior. Aiy& di ttdij fib tag xa- 
&exaator ybog Wag ngotdoug, tonovg 6i tovg xo*- 
vovg bfigfag ndvtmv* Ugotsgor ovv iXniaptv ntgl 
raj* eld&v ngmtov diXdflmfitvtd ybq tr t g faxog ixr t g, 
ornag ditXofuvoi nooa iotl, ntgl xovimr x*>$$ Xaufid- ^ 
votfisv ta oxoixua xal tag nqotdattg. 
CAPtJT HI. 
T&m di tr\g ftpogtxrjg tfdrj tgla tor igtS-fiov 
touovtoi yag xal oi axgoataltSb Xoytav vndjjxovatv 
ovttg • avyxutm fib yag ix tguay b Xoyog, ex i« tov 
Xiyortog, xal mgl ov Myti, xal ngbg ov xal to tiXog 
ngbg tovtoV iativ • Xiyto Si to* axgoatfa *Avdyxi\ 
hi tow axgoatip t? &twgbr tlrat, ilj xoitt)v - xgitfivdi, 
% tStv ytytryubotv, ^ tiv fteXXorKor. Eati d o fib 
ntgl T»y fitXXovTtav xqiv&v, olov ixxXnotaotfo • 5 ' W 
mgl tob ytytyrjpbw?, olot o'dutaortji* i di ntgl tijs 

" 'Dig'tize'd by GoOgle 



14 ARISTOTELIS 

dwaftWQ, olov 6 -frewgog. "jlaf # hvayxrigav tlij 
rgia yivv 9 x<ay Xoymy xwy Qijxogixmy, avfi^ovXevTixbv, 
Sixayixby, imduxxtxcry. ^Svfi^ovXrjg di xb /iiy ngo- 
xgonr), xb di anoxgonr^' del ydg xal ol idla ovfi- 
fiovXivoyxeg, xal ol xoivfj dijfii^yogovyTtg,xovTfoy #«- 
xsgov noiovat. dixqg di jo piv xaxr^yogia, xb di, 
vnoloyia* tovkov ydg, bnqxegovovy nouty ayayxi\ 
xovg a^(fia^t}TovvTag t 'jEmdnxxixov di xb (iiv\ 
tnaiyog, to di yoyog* Xgovoi di ixdaxov xovTar 
eiol, j (a fiiy ovfifiovXtvovu , b juXkw* ntgl yuf r&v 
ioapivtay ovjiftovXavti, ij) ngoxgiwiiv, ^ anoxg&niav • 
T(p di dixa£ofiiva o ytvojitvog* ntgl yagxtntmngay- 
fiivmy atl 6 fiiy xaxr^yogH, 6 di dnoXoyuxai' iw d* 
imduxuxo* xvguoiaxog piy 6 naouy • xaia yng to 
vndgxovxa tnaivQVGW yyiyovot ndyxt£~ ngooxg&y- 
xai di noXXdxig xal xa ysvopeva dvafiip.y^oxoyxig, 
xal xa fiiXXoyxa ngeeixd£oyng. TiXog di ixdaxoig 
xovxm ' htgov iaxi* xaY xgiolv own, xgla* x$ p& 
ovppovXfvoyn, xb ovfupigoy xal filafisgSy i piy ydg 
ngqrg'inoty, ig fiiXxiov ovfiftovXtvu • o di anoxginwy, 
w $ Z&Q 0V dxoxgtnw xa 6i aXXa ngog xovxo ovuna- 
galapfldyu, 4} dtxaioy ij adixoy, 55 xalby rj aiajftov. 
Tblg di fiixu£ouh>oig xo dixaioy xal xo adixoy * tcr .£' 
aXXa xal-ovxo* avfinagaXaiifiayovoi ngog xavxa, 
ToXg diinaiyoyot xal ip&javoi > xbxaXbv xal xb air- 
ozgov • xa S* aXXa xal ovxoi ngog xavia £nayaq>igov- 

- at. SStyiuoy di, oxi xb tlgypitov Ixdoroig xiXog- 
ntgl piy ydg. xZy aXXcoy hloxtoix ay o/iqpur/ffqTijoajcy * 
oloy o dixjatoptvog, ig ov yiyoyty, tj wg ovxtplatyty 

^Zx^i* adixuj oidinoxt ax bpoloyjjatw ovdi ?aq Sy 



RHETO RICA. Lip, I, CAR III. Jft 

®» toys- epoltag dijtai *l avpPovXsuoyTt? , m mh 

aMa nqXXixig ngotsvtcn* wgdi aQv/uyoqa ovpfiov- 

Itvppw, % jit aqpa/pw ixotoinovw, Qvu §y bpo- 

loyfoatar - «5$ d' ovx adixov %ovg doTvytijovag xaT*- 

fovlovofrcu, xal % ovs ^i v admovvtag, ^okXaxtt 

ovtirtpfoyiXovov. c O/*a/a*.fc xal 9 i i wl¥0 ^ TH 

xaloi yiyortH* ov ox+noHoiv, *l evpyioovru fn^a- 

twnl&afaw* &ti *«lirix*ip<? TtoXXaxig on ilteaw* 

oky»QJvW WW* Xve&ilovrtog, ft^*»$ n *«jl<»r • 

olor, 'AxilXia Inaivovmv , oxi ificr^ae j$ ktmioq 

HtnooxXy, etittog on let *foby ano&ctytly, Hoy fa, 

Tovtig to ifdw totoitog &ay*jog, jraJUU^- to' Si 

tip, ovpadgov. Qcptyov <5* U %S* -^wphm , ou 

vpuyxtj Ttfql Tovxtov l X w jif&TQy jag noowug* zi 

yao Texpitfa, »*f *i h*ot«, xa\%it myitta, n^oticug 

ual tyrofmaL^ v Olv S pi? yi^ avXXoywpbg 4x *©o- 

zaaewy iorr rp tf fy^vp^a ovXXoywpogiim, ovn~ 

cvymgi* %w jfytyhmv itfo******* ^** di ovn 

nQutfycu eloy x* ow »^a^«i ia advyona, 

uXXl T# dwaiu- ovfo %i ^ ytpopiya, '%pq faopty*, 

*yx oUr n 9 t<* pi* avtfax^m, xa tyw^^ffawtfe*' 

ayayxafry **l *$ QV^vXnkoy%kr xal 1$ iixa£o~ 

vutov *ai f afoyaiov xal u yiyovir, npir xal 4 
*nai,4 t*i* *&*> $*, i*s* $My?$g xal Jnctivovrug 
**l yeyoyrtg, xal 7i*otqi*or% « . xal . ano^inoxug^ 
nlxaiyyootiyug pal cutoXoyoipiw, ov uvvov ti 
tlgyt&a fomvvvcu nuQuncu, aXXa xal on jiiya % 
t"*QQV, %*> iym&iy y to xaxbv, i to xaXop y %o 
•wjr^r, % %i footer, 3 to afoxty ij *tf «£*« 



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16 ARISTOTELIS 

Uyorctg, tj nqig aXXyXa amnaqaftdXXortef dvXo* 
off Jeo* ay ittql ptyi&ovg xal ofuxqoiiitog , xal tov 
fiUiovog xaltov iXduovog , nootaoug c/4ty, *«J*«- 
4h»iloi/ xai ntgl ixdurov olov, t* piifoy itya&iy $ 
fXctTTov, jj a$i*r\{ia 5 dtxatoua * opolwg $9 xal TttQi 
»«5y aUw. Jfroi wy /uy ovy ft ayayxqg Ac? A«/?e*y 
*a$ 7T0OTaoa£, *lf> yrtn. Mtta di ravta duxtoersoy 
idiff nsql ixaotov tovt&v • oloy , tisqI wy ovppovXr], 
xal ntq\ o>v ol imdsixtutoi Xoyoi • ffitor &i, weoi wy 
a* Sixai. 

CAPUT IV. 
ZToMfoy (Up ovy Xrimiw, mql nota aya&a 17. xa- 
. xi avppovUtw avfijSovXtvti' inndij ov ntql anar- 
ta, aX£ oaa ivdixttai xal yevia&cu xal pq. "Ova da 
f£ ayayxt^g ?/ tort* ?i ihnat, rj advyaxoy itvat 1} /ty*- 
o^orij »*©J rovitav oix for* ovpfhvXij. Ov9$ dij rcco? 
xm> irdtxopivtoy aninary* for* yaq ual ariau fyia 
xal anb TVJftf yiyyopeya aya&a, twv Mizopsrtip 
ual ylyvia&a* xal prj , n$al £y ov6h nqo tqyov to 
ovpfiovXeuw dXXa dyXoy ou ntql oamr Aft* to /Jou- 
JUveo# > at, toi0iJt<x Amy, 00a nfyvxcy avayto&at «S$ 
ipag, xal &v f\ aqz*l *W ysriowg i<p ifuy iath pi- 
Xqi yaq tottov axomvpty, fag w evqvpsy, u i/uw 
dvvata -f; advycrta nqa$at.\ JCa&ixaoior pbr ovw 
axqif&g dimqi&fiyoao&ai xal dialafi&y tig dlhj t mql 
&* *Ui&aa* jrotyfartfcfy, «t* d' oaoy Mixnou, mqlai- 
%uy dtoqioai natit rr t y dX^&ttay, ov del naiitor wa- 
^oyra iraif oy (fftuy, fob to pqte ti}c fijto^tx^ s7ya» 
T^yijf, aU 1 ipq>Qoy*OTiqa$ xal /iaJUoy aiij^ty^^ 
woU<£ M *Z«/a> itdw&ai xai yyr aitjj wy oiutUw 

D,g,t,zed by GoOgle 



RHBTORICA. LIB. I. CAP. IV. 17 

&imgytaxuv."On$g * yag ^xal^ ngoxtgov tfyqxerf? 
xvyx&voptv, aXq&ig iaxiv, on t) (yxogutii cvyxmat 
usv ex re x^g avaXvuxrjg ikioxri(ir)g, xal xrjjg n$g) to 
fj&rf noknutrjg* bpoia d 3 iox}xa per xjtj diahxttxjj, 
xa 6k xoig ooqwJTutoig Xoyotg. "Owp S' av t*$ Jj tip 
8tal£KTi*rp» V xavxip, fir) xa&antg &r tiwapug, aXtf 
iTuorijfias migixcu xaxaoxiva&tv , Xfjanai xip> q>%>- 
oiv aix&v ayavioag, tw p&afiafasw [touoxtvafav] tig 
imojfiftag vnoxMpbxav rivwv ngaypdru*, aXXa /mj 
$i6v6r Xoytov. "Oficog da, ooa ngb tgyov fUv taxi Sit- 
Xslv, It* d* inoXdnu axdipiv *j} noXinxjj fount) pg, 
il'ntapsv xal vvv' ax*&°* 7**Q> n9 gl «* fiovXtiorxa* 
xavjcg, xal ntgl a ayogtvotoiv otovfiflovXiiorxtg , xa . 
piyioxa xvyzivsi ntvx* xbv agt&fiw orta • tuvxa d* 
iaxt ntgl x$ nbgwr, xal noMpov teal tlgrjryg* It* 6i 
ntgl ipvXaxiqg xqg x<*>9<*$ > *«**»* > tlaayopivw xal 
iSayofUruv • xal ntgl ropo&tolag. Iflgxt ntgl pip 
nbgtiv xbv fiiXXorxapvfi(iovXtvct8iv,dio$ av xig ngo<r- 
odovg tyg nbXtag tldirai, xbtg, xal noaai' oixag, 
(V xi tig nagaXtinttah ngooxt&jjj • xal ttxig iXaxxwr, 
av$ri&ij. "JExi 6i xig danavag xqg noXmg anaoag- 
ontog, tV xtg ntgkgyog, ayaigt&ji • xal tt xig (&(£*#, 
IXaxxviv yirqxa** Ov yag pbvov ngog xi vnagxovxa 
ngoffx&img nXovawntgo* ylyvovrat, iXXa xal a<f>ai- 
govrxtg tw danavf^mvtv* Tavxa d' ov pbvor & 
xr^gntgl xa l#ia ipnuglag ivdi%$xat awogyv , iX£ 
avayxc£or,xal xvv naga xoig alloig tvgrjpivtaif Urto- 
gix.br elvat, ngog .xyv mgl tovxtov ovftfiovX^vi JJtql 
BinoXifiOVxal nQ&vw> xip dvvapiv tldwat xqg no- 
Xwg, bnooq x$ inagxu %&>!> xal noarjv M4x$xat 
Arist. Rhct. B 

D,g,t,zed by GQOgle 



18 ARISTOTELIS 

indoSdf xalncZd xig % n vnaqzovoa ion, xal jg ng 
fydfaetai nQoaytyio&cu. "Ex* di, noXipovg xhag, xal 
Tiwg ntnoUpuxw* Ov fioxox di xyg oix$lag niXwg, 
aXla nat T<av bpootsv xavxa arayxmo* tiStveu* 1} xal 
ngbg ovg inido$ov noXtpiiv* Snug, nqbg pip xovg 
xgdxxovg, uQrptvrixai* nybg di xovg yxxovg, i<j cw- 
tolg $ xb noXip&v. JT« I rig dvvdpug, nixsfov opouxi 
ij avbpow tfoxtyaoxalxavxy TrXsorfxreivi) iXttnov- 
o&ai/Avayxcuov 6s xal nobg xavia, py poror xovgol- 
xtlovg noXepovg tt&morixdvai , aXXa xctl xovgxmaX- 
Xuv, wag dnaPaivovotv • anbyiqxmpbpolavxa opoia 
yiypioda* niq>v»er.*'£xtdi i n$0l yvXaxyg x^gx^qagpxi 
Xav&drur, n&g yvXaimou* aXXi xal xb nXy&og «*- 
dbai tig qpvXaxijg, xal xb sldog, xal xovg xinovg to»*> 
yvXaxxufiwr. Tovto d' advvaxor, pq epnuoov ov- 
xa %ns #*(*<*$ ' 1v, tf x iXdxxw fi (pvXotxrk noooxt&tj • 
xal ffxtg ntoisgyog, iiptugi&fj • xal xovg imxijdtiovg 
xonovg Xfjown paXXov. ifrt di, neol XQoyrjs, noaxj 
dandy ff Inapt} xj} noX&, xal nola f) aVtov it yiyvopi- 
rijxaluoayiiyipog' xal'xlv&v % i&aymyrtg dsovxai, 
xal livtov tfoayvyfjg • Xva nqbg xovxovg xal ovv&rixai 
xal avpfioXal yiyvmimu. Hqbg dvo ydq diayvXax- 
xttv _Axayxatov ariyxXjpovg xovg noXixag, noog x« 
xovg xotlriovgy xal nobg xovg- tig xavta zgyalpovs. 
Etg d' iaydXuav, Senavxa ph xavxa avayxaXov dv- 
vao&cti &$toQfly ov* 4Xd%uixov di ntgl *o(to&%olag 
inai'w * b> ydo xotg vopoig ioxlr f) aeotffgia xyg no- 
Xwg. "/lax avayxdiov tXdbat, nooa xi i&ti noXi- 
xuwv tidy, xal no%a avpyiou bcdaxjj, xal vnb xivcov 
<p&tiQ(0&ai ndqpvxt, xal olxilm xyg noiixtla£ xal 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



RHETOfUCA. LIB. L CAP. V. ft 

itartl&v. My» tt to vivo oIkc/m* q&dq%Q$(H, au 
cSa-vq? P*Mtnii9 nolmiag al SiXai naoai nab aW~ 
/<»«* *a2 |jrmt*op«m q&dfrttu* Olov, dqjio- 
gloria, ov poVoy <***(&$}, ao&tvtoifya yiytzim, t*g- 
tt ?«io? q&t «fc iUyafxiaP, aUa *o£ ftimtyo/ttV*) 
oyofya* &07nqitt$* % YQvuitifS *a$4 atfiotf^, ov po- 
re* ttwejKwa SpgcTa* & to fte'oor, aUa *«i 0900*00; 
7910*0; yiyroptpct qatpa, ©v*» otav&mi* Ttjr $*w, 
«$r* ftf}di pvwttiq& fa*&r4hmu Xonoipo* 9* «oi$ 
ws*op*&*oi*g, to pypirov huftttr, %lg nolnu* 
evfupdgtt, ix wy nao&i\iv&6%ut £t«oowft' aUi 
nttl tag nuqa to%g allots uddm, al 9?o?w vole noiotg 
ofpefTovdfp. 1fi$Ti O^loy, or* rfopf pc? v^y yojio- 
&s<sia* *ii5?7$? ttfoiooot ^ai/40*- iv%*Hht¥ fiiq 
laPur'bni x*vg wr toycS? vopovg* noig di *£$ no- 
2m*0? ovfiflovlag, tag tint mo) T«?aoa$aif yoapoV- 
tiiw foropW* «w«rr» & zai/Ttt, *voJUTJ*Jfc* aJU* ov 
§T}ii><pxii$ toyw Sari. JItol lay /U* ow £*•** <fa* Toy 
petto*** oop/fotrAevtiy ta piyt&za , Toaavia ion*. 
*££,£* de&ti nal n$ol tovraw, xai nttf imv oUtf? 
nqotfinttv if oWoff&tir, Xiyufuv nab*. 
CAPUT V. 
.2%«0o* & xaitd^t i*00fq>, xai woirif w5o* cnto* 
siog ife icnuy op mox*£op*voi, xal afooforas «a* 
fpsvyovtn • soi tovto <ow, fr xrqpaAoiy t^) qf t 
fvdatpor&t, *a% r& 71001a awjs. "i2$T8 naoadtiyfta- 
rog zaotv hiflnptv, xl tew, mg anXag tln&r, t} ev- 
tiawwl*, xa\ ix tivtar %a poof a Tovtyf* stio« yip 
Yiroity?; ««2 TO>y cfc tawipovriurwtmr,xalimrbav» 
timp tavT$i at w iipofyorcai x«» at «*ot oojial wooer/ 

B 2 

Digitized by VjO 



20 ARlSTOTfiLlS 

&o*u T& fih y&g nagatntsva^ovta t&vtrp, rj rth 
pio^lw n, i\ fitiior iv% ftaitowg notovrta, d&it&*i- 
*uv ' %» de y&slqovTa, ij ipnoMSovTUt, fw ivavtl* 
TtoMVvra, firj hquxthv. < 'iStjroflii w&aipovla^mnQa- 
£/« fitta «$8Tfi$ • ^ ttvfiXQxHa £«j}s* f} o /J/os o j«- 
ta aayaXtiag ydunog • if ti&evla MTfftubtwP xal <rt»- 
>iaTfiiy, /»«r« tfvytxpewff gpvtexwxfc t* x*> x^riis^ 
tovrow (Txtdfo yetQ tovtw &, *J nlsfo, *r/*> nilkufto- 
viar opoXoyoioiv tivm<SnavtBg. El dj ianv % d#a«- 
ttovid totovror, iyayxq avxrjs tlpai fitQfj 'evyfrsuxp, 
noXv<p*X(<*v, z$T}OT0<ptXl«v> nXovtov, svTSKvlay, noXy- 
ztxrictv, evyrjqfav Ifciiaq iov awpurpg ignag, olov 
vyiH«p,%aXio$, fer^w , piys&og , dvpapp uy&vtmt~ 
*4pi - dfectr, t//*i>, tvrvzlfx* ' igtup* H x«i t« piQq 
ttvsfe ,<p$6viioir , artyeiav,. Buunownpr , gwpQoav- 
-vqy. Ovtw yb$ Jr #bt(*Qxi<naT6g t%i\ , d vniqz** 
ai>T$ %i * b avvm, *al %i ixrbg ayu&a • ot> yd$ ion* 
SXXa naga rttvia. *Eaxi &e h ovw» ph t« mql 
yvxn*> x«*t« h 9»fM(ti* I$a>£$> £vyb>u», nalyildi, 
ink Zapata > xa* xififj. *&* di nQOOtjxtw tiofu&a, 
bwaptig vnaf/^inr* naltv/fiv* ovrw yig £p a^pali- 
crtonog a (Hog &r}. Aa(k>fj^p xobvv oyotwg xai xov- 
%wrtxaoTK>xri iouv. Evyzreia pb ow &mv, 33-ye* 
juey xcu hoXu to avxox&ev**^ V &QZ*favg 3vai 9 *a» 
liytpofuq %ovg nfdtovg. imyarslg, xa* ntoAAov? 
inupapug, ysyovwat l| aviwv 'Art toIJv fyldv- 
pivoig' idla di, evyfrtLa *j an avtywy rj otto 
ywduxmr , xa* yvipswtiig in apqxn** *«^ Soiisq 
iid noXttag, zovg tengwrovg yv*Qi{iovg t i} in i^vtp, 
r\nXovT<$ f rj «^la> tw t«>» Tift&fiiy&v , *ai TtoXXov? 



RHETOJUCA. LIB. L 'CAP. V. 21 

imtpavug ix.toy y&opg, xal apdaagxalyvwautug, xal 
viovg xal 7rfs<j(hri$<iV£.> Evttxvla di xal nokvnxpia, 
vox adr\Xa * vm di t» xowy uip svjtxvla, pwt^g Sif 
y noXXij.xal £ya&i m eiya&ii'di xax dgrtrp atapborog, 
olor piys&og, xdXXog, l<fzv*y ti{nutpntdy*rrunixrp' 
tyvxns $*9 awpQoavvtf xal dvtipeia, vsov aortal* , UHa 
di evvsxvia xal noXvitxyia, to rot tdiavixpa noXXd, 
xal -sotavja thai > xal drfisa xaiSfytva* B^Xum 
di oqxtht owfionog (ifr , xdXXog xal ft&ys&Qf xrvzitf 
di , atoygoovvr} xal qaXtoyla avev dvdsv&igiag. 
'Oitofag di xal idia xal xoivy, xal xat Srfyag xal xa~ 
id yvralxag, du £qtuv 9 txaatop vnaqxuv i&p xotorb- 
twr' oaoig ydq %d xma yvpaixag cpavXa, tooittq Aa- 
nedatporioig, oztdovxara %b %utov ovx svdaiporovot' 
UXovtov di udgtf, pouldparog nXi,&og f yqg, xmoitov 
xiriasig ' ew di MftXnp ujrjoug, xal (iooxrtaawv, xal 
ipdoan6dmp 9 nX^s^xal piyixkei xal xdXXn diacptqov- 
xtap. Tama di -nan* xal dxstpaX^ xal iXw+iq** 
xal xgyoip*. 1&m di xqrioipa uh uaXXov, z« xdg^ 
maa " iXev&tQta di, %a ngdg unaXavour, Kaonip* 
di Xiyat ,- dap &p at nqoaodo^ anoXavatixu di, dtp 
u)v pafiht naoi %f\v XQyw ytyv**&h <► ** *el a£top. 
"Oqqs di± da<pcddag fwV, . to irrav&a xal ovrto xtxzip- 
G&ai, max $a? avna eW* %rp ZM a ** * *M &* olxitov 
Hvat q fif}, otap i(p aliy p omaHo'tqt&aatr Xiyti di 
dnaXXorqifOMtv, doobp xal nodaip., *OXag di xo nX6v- 
isiv iaxip h> *$ yg^a^at ftdXXov, ij ip t$ gatT^foda** 
xal yio n higyud ion t&p voiovwv xal if #f9Wff 
nXovtog. EvboUa di lorn %o vnb ndrtw onavdeBop 
{moXappdvsa&at, n xomnov u WHy p QV ndrustyU** 

D,g,t,zed by GOQg'k 



22 ARJSTOTBLIS 

to*, 1} of *wUo2, ij ot a;<a£o2» 1} ot (pQotnpoi. fkpti 
di, hrtipb oftftifov titf/nixfe oolqc* rtp&rtat, ft 
dmalmq mir *al ptihata ot mo/CTipcosff * ov pip il- 
ia ttpauu wo) o dvpaptrog wtfytTti*. Evtqysoia #«, 
*) ug omrofar, uml oaa atuatov tfrott, .ij 4$ «iov- 
to*, ^ ffe -r* tw £jUU*r aya&&r 9 ir pq fadta tj *«£- 
w$ • ^ &Uif > 1} ijrav&a, ij notL UoiXol fitq dm 
fu*$a doxovrra npSfg wyxaiwwnv • ilS • ol tooko* 
wo} ol *o*oo2 afoot. Jiffy? dtTipfc &wla$, pt^prn 
•V pityne ual aVtv /wro***, ^dpa, TquoVq* *oo* do/a*, 
10901, tutors?, Tpo^e} dqpoiriw tifiagfiagma, olov 
nf0O9wqo**S**alixaT*0UQ 9 Moo; ra woo* feaoroif v£- 
jkak. Kmlyaq to timqim, tou urffpatog 4o<n?> *a» npifc 
otyttfoy* 640 *ai ol <pih>%i>vpatoi teal ol qpdortyio*, Ipfa*- 
Teuavrw. u^ipottyotsfttp 3;pf><w MotTat* Jco2 700 
*t qpaAmr, oviyUrtai al^doxf^patoi* xal tipy* l^c*, 
«w ol <jMloe^uo*. «24Mp«fOfi $J aocrq vytua* ov?i| 3e 
ovim?, fr^arooot? rfr<n ?pt)jti&0V£ cot? fru/uaat* 
*oMot yio vyialrbvoiw, Karroo *Hj^i«o$ jtyfrat, o£* 
ovoet? ir euoat/ioripmi t^s vyitlag; Sib to navxmv 
tluUxso&ai t&¥ atfyvmbw, 17 t«w nUUnw. Rul- 
ing &e, frcpo* ***' fxaonp ^^Ux/av dor/. IVio* /uy 
ovr «a*;Uo<r, to «»o? tovt *ro*ov* jrwryior fcw* to 
owpa, TWff t» 000? doopor *al irootf /Mar, ^6t»r orra 
Ster «o£* mo^vw- &ooi*errad*o* Katttoro*, 
or* flroo? /tf«r *a2 sro«$ To/Of aaa roawoxNi'. j**~ 
pdtfcrrog ft, iroog ^ irorov? Toi? noltptxovg, V&v* 
fa &rai fatfr ftna <poP*q6tt!Tos^ ttoorteg di, 
ngog pi* irUtvgiovg apuy*ct(ovt Utavor, aXvwov di, 
*« TO ^If6^ {rtM»^ir w^«j &«/tf*a»* */o3W ^4 
» 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



RHETORICA. LIB. L CAP. V. 23 

ton ph dvr a pig toft xtxilx fnqov, &$(fo$lmu* apay- 
*i{ di xtx&x frtqox, q tXxovra, fj»&ovxxa f -^ tttyov- 
ia % rj nUtorut, q ovr&Xlportd • Sgu 6 lcxvqog % ij 
notour, 7} xoinwv nob ianx iojVQOf. MsyHrovg di 
uqvtfi, to imtgixnx ***** to /*i?*o$ , *a) fi'a&og , *aJ 
kAivto? TcSr iroJUUSy tocjovtw jue/fo**, «fcr* /&ij poadv- 
tiqag notUx twtf xnrquug diet tjjv vntoftoXiP' Aym- 
v«ru%r\ di tov oupctxog iqttri , uvyxutou ix (ttyi&ovg 
xal taxvog xal xaxovg* xcti yao o ror/vf bowfaffloTfy. 
c O /o*7 dvxautxog ta oxiXrj Smtiix nag, xal xirtix t«k 
gv, xainoAQa, dooumog* o di Mlfiu* xal xatixtiv, 
naXaurttxog 9 h di nam rjj nXyyri nvxttxog* $«V ap- 
(forigotgtovroig, nayxoanaonxog • o & *ra<rf, nixta- 
&Xog. JSiyqoia di, ton pQadvryg yiqmg per akv- 
ft/a? * ovw ya^ el Tcr#v yffqdoxtiy «v/qpco£> ovt ?i ^o- 
y*£ /* Jy, Iron??*? W* am- di xal ix t&x tov o&patog 
ioMtrnx xal r&xng. Mr\ avooog yaq mx, ptjdiloxv- 
qog, ovx fkmu ana&ijg , oid 9 SXvnog xai noXvjcoo- . 
*«><;, ovt ax arrvxyg dwfittvsur ax. "Etrtiditig xal 
XM$g laxvog xal iyalagaXXtj dvraptg fiaxoopiitxpogr 
noXXol yao axiv rax tov ouuarog aqtx&x ficcxq6ptoi 
tloix. AX£ ovdix n axqipoXoyla XQWH^S h *«f* 
tovrnx tig tit xvx* IloXvcpiXia di xal XQVWoydla, 
ovx SdrjXa, tov ylXov iqiopivov, on tanv o totovtog 
yiXog, Sang, a oXrtcu aya&a tlvouixdvw, nqaxnxog 
iorir avr&p di ixitxox* $ $n noXXol toiovto*, irolv- 
qpiXog • <JE di xal imux&g avdqig, ^ijoro<jpfXo?. JBv- 
xvxta di tarir wx i) tvxh aya&Stx alxla, tavta ytyn- 
a&ai xal vTtaf/ur, ^ nana, ^ Ta nWUna , m ta (U* 
yiara, JUht di ioti* n ™xn> M™ V** "* *•* a * 

Digitized by CaOOQ 



24, ARiSTOTELIS 

t&Xyat, nolkm di xal atixmv, otov oawfi <pv<jig* 
ivdix&iai di xal naqit <pvoiv char vyulag per yag, 
tixyn altia * xallovg di xal peyi&ovg, qtvotg. "Qlwg 
di, t& toiavta tav aya&tov iotiv inh tvxijg, £<P olg 
iotiv o g>&6vog. "jEoti ds xal toV naoalqytav aya- 
#<5*' ahta jixn* olov, el ol allot* aUixgol adslqyol, 
o di xalog ' if ol' allot [*% tldov toy &r}oavQov, o d* 
svQey • jj «* vov nlijoiov hvxe to fiilog, tovtop di (in m 
% d fiy'TfX&e povog, asl qpoitZv ol di ana$4kd:6v- 
ttg, discp&agrjoay \navja yag ta toiavta, evtvxrjpa- 
%a doxel sly on, Higlfii agctyg,' i7id7teg oixuoraros 
% negl tovg inalvovg-tonog, Stay neg] linaivov nouo~ 
pzxta tbv loyov, tots dioguniov. % Jlv (iiv ovy del 
otoxa&a&ai ngotginovtag, £g ioofiivtov y xtnagzov- 
tar, xal (ay anoxqinoytag, cpavtqov* ta yag ivavxia 
xovx&v ifsxiv. 

CAPUT VI. 
*Mml di ngoxstxai t$ ovfipovlsvovu axoitog to 
avfiq>igoy* fiovlwovxai di, ov ntgl xov tdlovg, «X- 
Xa ntgl xav ngog to xilog* tavxa d* ioxl ta ovfiq>i- 
govxa xaxa tag ngalug • to di ovfUpigov, aya&ov \ 
' Xrptxiov ay axoix&a mgl aya&ov x«l ovptpigQvxog 
ankatg, *Egtco drj aya&bv, 5 ay aitd kavxov ivtxa 
ji algtxov xal ov tveta alio algovptd-of xal oviq>ia~- 
t«* nana, % navxa ta aVo&tiotv €%ovxa ij vovv , 3 el 
lafioi vovv ' xal ooa o vovg av ixdaxta inodol^ xa* 
ooa o nsgl txaaxov vovg anodtdoaaiv btaaxta, xovio 
ioxtv kxioxta aya&ov xal ov nagovxog, tv duxxuia* 
xal avxaoxag tfrw xal to avxagxeg 4 xal to notfjxi- 
xov ij qpylaxtixoy tiv towvtwv • xal ta axolov&u %i 



, y Google 



RHETQKICA. LIB. I. CAP. VI. 25 

tomwto ' xal to xtaXyTtxa T<»riya>*l<av, xaltct y&af- 
tixo. *JxoXoV&u di dix&g' jj y&ojapa, y vot«oop > * 
olov, t§ ph pav&arny to Mffrao&at vonqov t$ 
di vyialyBty to tyv Spa. Kal to noiifuxa Tpyfw$ ' 
to piv, £g to vytalvtw iyeiag* to di, £g oixla, vy.*- 
«/os* to d», ig *b yvpydbo&ai, on vg toil to 
nolv notu vyUtav. Tovtmp di xttpiyw, jiv&y- 
xrj tig 78 Xtjipeig t<3v uya&uv aya&ig that, xal 
•tag t«V xax&y anopoXdg* axolov&u yog, tf 
(ih, to pi) sxeir to xaxoy, Spa* t$ di M to tx*v» 
tbdya&ov, VQTdQoy. Kal % ariiXattoyot-iya^ 
<&ov , pei£ovog Xrjtfng * xal ayjl pti£ovog xaxov, - 
iXdttoyog • a> yitq vntoixu to piiCov tov iXattovog, 
tovto yiyvsrtH tov piv Xrnpig, tov V anofioXrj. Kal 
tag ioerig di avayxq dya&ov elvai * xoto yiq tov* 
rag tv t» dtoxwTo* oi txoyrsg, xal noufnxal tZy t 
iya&av dot, xal nqaxnxal* ittql btdoji)? di, xal rig; 
xal TtoiarfMylg QrjTiQy. Kal J^y Jidoyqv&ya&oy c&a**/ 
ndrta yao^i<plsiai to £wa ovt^j tJ <pua«. "flat* xo| 
to q&o, xat to xoAa, oVoyxq aya&a sTvai • tov /x«y 
yap, jjdoyi}? noirjTUca' twr di xajtwv* to {iiy, ijdeo* 
to di, avra xa&* kctvxd alqna iony. *Jlg di xati 
ty evtuv, ayayxtj, dya&a slvou tads* Evdaipovla* 
xal y&Q xctx? airo alqvtbv, xal avtagxtg , xal tnxa 
v avrov itoXXi aiqoipe&au Jixaioovyti, ayfasla, ata^ 
(pQoavvrj, pEyaXoifwxia, ptyaXonqhzua, xal al alXai 
al totavta* IJ«ff * oosto} yaq yvXHS- Kal i>yluo\ 
xal xdXXog, xal to TOiavTO* dgnal yao o&pctvog, xal x 
noititixal jtotXZv oloy vyUta, xal* ydoy rg xal tov 
{py* 4$ % al SqwtQy doxii uhm * ou dvo fir *ioif 

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*) ARIST0TEL1S 

tnlXotg njitmitviy uXxtiv toxir, rfiortfi *«* t0 * 
ft/r. Jilpvtog\ aoexb yog xti$<J£M£, *o£ rco^w- 
xbr noll&r. GlXog xcd yilia • . *al yap *a# avror 
afyeTO* o ?fto?, xa* no^uxbr noll&r. - - Tty*^; Jo|a * 
seri /of jj#« xa* wonjTixa noll&r ' xa\ ixoXov&u av- 
*o7s, <5$ fcrJ to roili), to vn&gxm &f *fc ttft&mai. 
. Jvvapig tov Mytir,xov nqatxur* no$qxuta-yitg nar- 
tot xa xoiavxa ay <*&&*. "jta liytfta, prrtftah cvfia- 
Qua, ayxfooia, narxa xa xoiavxa • noitjnxal yog aw- 
tai aya&mr ai tivvapug uolr * bpofag di %ai ai in*» 
itrrijueu naoai } xa* ai xixrai. Kal to &jy A yog 
fiifiiv Silo fbcoixo aya&br, *a&' avxb algexor'Soxi. 
Kal to dixaior' ovpyiqov yog xi xom) ton. Tav* 
ta fur oir ox^ov opoloyovpeva aya&a dotty. *Mr 
Zt xo%g ifupto/hixnoipoig, ix x&rdeoi ovUoyiOftoi* <y 
to irarttor xaxor, xo$t uyafroy. Kal ov xo , bar- 
xlor xoig ix&gotg ovfuptytr olor, u xb dtdoitg thnu 
liaUoxa ovptpigei xolg ijf&golg, dtjXor Zxiardgttapa- 
Xioxa &<pilipor xoli noXixatg. Kal Shag, ol ix&gol 
(tovlorxai, H kp y £a/poi/0i> toirarxfqr xovna 
utpiXtuov qxxlvstar dtb ev ttgtnai, 

B xtr ym&rio<M tlolapog. 
*Eoti, 9* ovx £tl xovx'o, aXX mg htixonoiv • ovfh yag 
xoXvh irlox* xavxb avfiyiguv totjg irarxloig • Sfcr 
liysxat, mg xi xaxa ovvdyn xovg ar&gmnovg, oxav y 
xavxb pXafitobr apa>o~r. Kal oyprjioxir vrngfioli], 
tovxo aya&or *• o Sear y ptitor ? du; xaxor. Kal 
ov Irfxa nolla mitorrpai, % dtdamiyijxai * qpatropB- 
vov yag aya&ov ydy * xal ug tiXog fj9ii xb toiovxor 



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RHETORICA. JL.IB- 1. CAP. VI. V 

vnolapftarstou, ual fdlog nolX&v • tootttiof, £yo* 

Kal ^ naooyUa 8i> to „bt\ Qvoatg tip vfyia*/' Kal 
ov 90H0I fyfottt* ual to rootpa/ij w pwviptm * 
ov /wo nmntg tyi&iah *aSt iya&op $*' ot di Hoi*- 
loi, wtwep nurtzg yubovzm. Kal to inawttip* 
ov$Ag yif to pq aya&op inaiwu. Kal 2 o! tx&eol 
«at of ^w*S*or incupovw manfy yio nurttg ydq 
bpoXoyofow, uualoluau&t m*ov$6tH* 6ia yio 
to payioop, bpoXoyyimav av nemo ual cpavXoh opt 
ol pilot ydyovai* ual myu&ol, ovg. ol fy&gol f*i ¥&■ 
yoWH-' Jtb X*Xo*d^yo&a*WT&a/hvKQoir&*oiwti 
&p*rtd6v non^artpg, 

' KoQiv&ioig d* ov uiuynai to "iXioy, 
Kal 8 tfiy yoovipw w> % ?5r aya&Zv avdgwy if 
yvpoua&r, ftfo&ftw oJor, VJowo&ii^qw*, *ai 
*Eld*riv Bfjowg, xaVjtitavtoav al &ia*, ualUxM** 
"OpijQog* Kal oltog ti nooaiqna. .HqoatoovrtM 
fa noarmp ta *$ slot^tiya, ual ii tofe ix&qdiguaxa, 
teal t» tofc^Aoif aya&a. Kal ta hnwt'a • taSta dt 
dijrw? Am, ta tt ywou&a St, ual tk fading yty*6(a- 
ra* $«&a ££, ooa 1} awv Jtwrq?, ^ l? oMya} %qopq}~ 
to yif gaXmbv of/great iJJUaty, '•§ irlq£f« £ooro0* 
Xo£ &r «$ ftovXovtai* (lovXortai de, y pxflk* uaubw, 
«} cftatto? tot; uya&ov • tovto A 3 Sana, iav «£ Aa** 
^af*# ij tyimoia, f\ ptuoa jj. Kal %a tbuu Kal a 
pq&&. ; Kal ti mqtna.' tipy yiq ovtm paM#*» 



28 AR1ST0TELIS 

Kal xi iqpitxopxa avtolg • xotavxa di xd xo nQoaq- 
xovxa xaxi ytvog xal ftvirap**. Kal wv illdnu* 
otovxai, x$r putoa tj • ov&b yaq %xxv» ngoa$govpxa» 
xavxa noatxnv. Kal to exmottiqyaoxa * dvraxa yaq, 
wg Qydiof wxaxiqyaoxa $&,%*} anirxeg, % ol nol- 
le*, rf oLopolo*, tj ol ifaovg xaxiq&noav. Sal m 
Xaqtovvxa$ xoig (pilots* % S attez&tiaorta* xolg &- 
&qoTg. Kal ooa, oSg &avpnZovoi, noowgovrta* 
nqctztuy* Kal nqog S woyvug slut Kaltpnsiqot'. 
$(jror yaq xaxoq&moetr oTorten. Kal a pyfclg : <pav- 
log* btawtoa yaq pallor. Kal *>r iJti&vpoimBS 
zvyxavovatv • qv yaq povov ydv, alia xal fiiltio* 
qpewWa*. Kal palter* exaaxoi ixqog a xo$ovxof 
olov, ol (fdotuxoi, eitvUi} flora* * oiyiloiipoh d xipq t 
ot tfiloxqtjpaxoi, si xqy]paxa * xal pi allot qpavtue. 
Usql psy ovy aya&ov xal xov ovpyfyoyxogyitxovwtw 
lipxxiov tig nioxug* 

CAPUT VII. 
*En*l 9i nollaxtg opoloyovmg apq>» t ovpa4qttr) 
hsqI xov paUov auoftafifptovakv, 4g>a$ifc or tin *•- 
xrior nsqtxov pEifrvog aya&ov, xal xov pallor ovp- 
amqorxog* " "Eoxm frrj vntqixov par, xogovtow xal m * 
m9Qw6ue*op&i,x6ivwxa\xor* KalpmZovpbta&xal 
nUiov nqog tlarxov piya do[ aal ptxqir, xal noli 
xaloliyoy, nqog to xmv nolXw piys&og • xal wrepajga* 
pfr>xo piya • xodi illtuiov, pnxqov • xalnplv xal 
dUyor, waving. *JBntl oivaya&oy liyoptv, to to 
avxo dvxov hsxa, xal pq allov afqsxir • xal oil 
narxa tyitxai' xal.o vovv av xal a\q6npn¥ l*86no> 
Omto jtal to potyjixoy xal to (jwlaxwir, y $ & 



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RHETORICS LIB. L CAP. VII. » 

tat *p *o»«2t« - to d' oi tvma, to tOo* i<nl- tilog 
<T fatly, ov &$xa tit alia • avt 9 di aya&bv, to ftgbg 
airtb tavta nmov&og* avdyxi), ra u nl$itatov hog 
teal rat* Hontovwi 'avyaQid-povpiyov toi hybg % tmy 
{XanovWj p&tw aya&br shot,' vntoix* Y*Q ' ™ &* 
bwtiqzov, vnef4x$i<H. Xal iky to piyiorovtov pi~ 
yiotoy vtU^xjj, mal aiti aiwy, xal baa atnaavrw, 
xal to piytotov tov atylowv d oloy, u 6 uiyunog ar^g 
ywaixbg tifi ptyUnng prt£my, xalohng oi avSgtg-wp 
ywavxmy pet£ovg' xal d oi axdgse tmr yvyeuxm* ■ 
oXmg ptgovgr, xal oVqo b piyfatog tyg ptyiox^g yv- 
yaixbg pelfay ayahoyov y*$ exovmr ai vnjgojral 
t&y ysxjay^ xal tony p$yiotw iyomoig. Xalotap 
tods fiiv T$fo Sntftm, iuuvo di tovt? py • fhttnu di 
ij t£ apa, 1} t $ fyegfc, ij *ji dvyapu \ iyvnagx** yog 
V XQV<f*£ h wi» fropdyov 4r tfj xtaxioov. "Emtak di, 
apa pfr, 't$ iymlvitp to Q^, ioin$ di^xeiyo oi' 
vattQW di, z$ pay&aytiy tbinfotao&ai, • dvyipti di, * 
xw UgoavXuy to arcoortodr* o yog Ugoovlyoag; nay 
anoaugiatit. ' Jfctf* ia vmgixona tov aitov ptlfa •. 
vi, uBlfa* fitvayxy yag vnegfyuv xal tov ptifrvog. 
Kaljta pd£orog aya&oi jtoi^tiw, pelfa- tavtb yap 
ay rjy t$ pdQwog xHfytuty *lvai. KaV ov to *o*qrir 
xby puioy, Wfavuag- h yag to vyutvbvxilgej»fgoy 
tov ifiiog xal puioy aya&by, xal yvyieia %yg ydorrig 
usifcy* Kal to alotimxtoov xa& avrb, tov py xa&* 
avro ' oloy, U?zvg vywvov * to pi* yag, oix avrov 
ivtxa * to di, avrov, onto yv to aya&iy. Ktpy n 
to pb> tiXog, to di pyiiXog - %b uev yag, alloy. $vt- 
xa- to di, avTQv- olov, to yvpyitw&cui tov w i'xuy 



90 A RJS TOTEMS 

tb\aipoU Kal to |tw^ wooododptmp ^W? 
|xif«K a aiTttfswrTepo* y a? • JJtto* W ttfood&ttt* to 
ilart&w $ foopap itooofooptpor* Kal Storp xodo 
pip &pw To5i« pq jj, «} pi? dvpatop jj ytpto&w, £*- 
ii^or Si av$v tovtov • aOTajmumooy 6i to ni Jwpe- 
pop' &f99 patera* ptifor aya&o*. K<p> $ *QZn* 
xb £« pn tyri. " &«* V a * tlQ v> to ** ow «$t<©*, &a 
to ainQ' uptv yio afc/ov ««* afgijfr iWiHtfw «?ra« 
jj yBPOv&o*. Kal Svofr u$!*%P> to a*h tfa p${$opog 
agxye, pffiop* **l dvolv aitiotp, %i omi tovpt%ovoq 
aUiov, (i&Sov. Kal avinaXtr dy , - tootp <*QX<&*> K \ 
tov pot£opo9 aqxn, pd^mp' **} $vdh altloiv, totov 
ptftopog aXtwp , potior. JyloP ovr 6r t&p ttoqpt- 
**•*, on apyotiomg poffip ivtt (patno&ai- n*l yao 
u aoxq *o«V to di pi\ aoxi\,b*6tuputov Arm* xalel 
W «WW> *? <*• a?/ 1 ?' T * /*? t#o$, -p££op, vol oi* 
aftW* ^<m^ o ^ittoddpeis xatyp>Qm> eqpij XaliU- 
ot^otov, toy /Sovktvoarra tov noalotptot pallor «&- 
jetty * ov yip aV frpa^tj***, jbij (hvlevoapivov* n&~ 
Xhp di *«» Xafoiov, top nonlana tov (hvltvavrtos: 
ov yo\g up ytPbo&ai, *l py %p o nqtifrp* tovtov yaq 
itaxa ixifiovXivovatp, onw? nou&am. Kal* 6 awa- 
ptm%eoop toy oSq&opov olop, XQ v **>$'<* t &ty* v » <*XQV~ 
ototooogSp-' pklfap yuo y xrrjolf, Stato £aJtora)t*- 
qop $hcu* "AXkov de Timor, to &o)&opor tov onvplov, 
<**' V XW*** vtntfzn • to yaq kojUoxi? tov oXiyimg 
vneotxti* 5&tP liyttah *Aqiotov per vdao. Kal 
olojf to x<xX*™**sqop tov $$OPog * OTtapuattoor yag. 
*AkkopMtoonop t xb (ipop tov x ohmoytiqov • %fi* jhio» 
it fiovX6po&a. . Ktt) o} to irardop p&Zor. Ktm ov 



K 



RHETORIC A. LIB. I. CAP, Mil. 31 

n atigfiaig psiZtav. Kal aotrq py &#nqt, xal xaxim 
fif\ *axlagp*%wp • %i pjLv yaqr> irttij- tA to, ov tiA^ 
JCai at* t« 89/0 xalUm 1} aUtxk>> p*lfa avxa. Kal 
tap ui xaxlai xal al aotroi ud&vg, xal xi fyya pui- 
Jw - imlmq, ig ta aXtta xal al aqx*l$ xai Tat wio- 
fiaifoyja • *at aV to ano^oUyorta, xal %i atria *ai 
at aojta/. Jfat aw ij vn^ afymrofya ^ xaXiimv • 
olor, to &*Qifi»$ oof*, aiomfctoo? tov oof>oa/)rf~ 
ad-ai • xat yao aty** oaa-oifaws, *ai to qpUtratoov al- 
yoe tou tpiloxgvfiator fiaXXop xvlliov cmot« *a» oj*- 
Xumqla <piXox$qpattag. Kail arnxMifUrvg di , t«* 
felTioVw** vntgfioXal fitXtlovg, xal xaXXiopmy xaX- 
Xiovg. Kal w at int&vjtiai xaXXiovg rj. fieXriovg ' ** 
yao fui&vg ogi$w, luttovwv sial' xaltuv uaXXio- 
xmr 8e % xal §tkxi6vmv al im&vpiai, foXxlovg xal 
xWJUovg <5ia to avro. Kal wv at dmoryfia* xaXXiovg 
rj G7tov8cuQztQai, xal ta nqayptna xaXXia xal onov^ 
tiaioitQff tig yaq *x 9 * V tmo*Vffl> *al to aXq&ig: 
xelwndi to avTi\g Ixaorq. Kal %k\p onovdatoTiQvr 
di xal xaXXtivnf al ijuarquai, avaXoyox &ia Tatrra* . 
Kal xqbwx av 1} xtxqlxaoiv ol qpoowaot, ij irairf ?, 
^ o» TroXZofr, ^ otwU/wg, ij ol xqdtuitoi, ayu&iv [ij] 
piiiov, avayxi} ovnag s/e*v, V v*ti»g, % *i xaxa tyx 
q>$6vri<sw sxgurav. "jEati di rovto xoivoy xal xati 
tux aXXmp • xal /ao t/, xa» noeor xal trotbr, ovrtog 
tX**r &g &* V tourttffHl xdl q (pQovtiatg efytoi' aJU* in 
aya&mp H^xafttr' faiotai yaq aya&oy c&at, o 
Xaflorta [to nqaypma] <po6rt)aiir tXon ax htaotw * 
dyXov ow, on it«i aitfov, aaiUov 17 ijp^o^a^ A#/«». 
JCa* To to% (isXuooi* vnaqxovrn *nX£>g rj $ (kXriovg ' 

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32 ARISTOTELIS 

oIop q av&Qtla, ioxiog. Kal o tXoix* av o fltXxi&v, 
$ duXa>g f tj y foXxitoV plov xo adixsio&ai fiaXXov -»; 
ctdixsiv • xovxo yaq o ducawteQOS eXoix av. Kal xo 
ydioy, xov t\ttoy rjdiog • xrp yaq ydovrp ndvxa dm- 
xn,xal avxov tv&ca xov ifisa&ai oqiyovxai* wqtaxat 
ds xovxoi$xb aya&bv xalxbxiXw fjdtovde, xo, t« 
aXimoxtqov xal to jxolvxQovu&xeqop ridv. Kal to xdX- 
hov, T0V r\xxov xalov • xo yaq xalov ioxw, tjro* to 
f %dit, 1} to «(*£' avtb alqtxov. Kal oouv avxol av- 
tots V ytXoig fiovXorxat uVupi elva* paXXov k xavxa 
j*e/£a> aya&d * oatav di yxioxa, pu£& xaxd. Kal xa 
noXvxqovuatsqa xmv oXiyo'XqovKax^qtav • xal ta fiepoa- 
oxeqa x&v jitj /fc/faiOTtow • vnegixu yaq q X9V ai St 
tcov fisv, ru XQOvn ' x&v di, xjj fiovXyow Star yaq 
fiovXavxaj,, vndqyn paXXov r\ xov /J«$a/oi/. KaYwg 
&v ix x$v Gvoxoixow *al T»y opoloiy 'm&omv , xm 
taXXa axoXovfru* olov t el xb avdqeiwg, xdXXiov xa* 
algttt&Tsqop xov eaxpqovtog, xal avdqsia owpqofjvvrjg 
alqtxaxdga, xal xb dvdqBiov ifivai xov oaHpqov&Vm 
Kal itavxsg mqovvxai, xov (itj ixdyxeg* Kal o ol 
Ttluovg, rj ol iXaxxovg • ayaxfvv yaq qv, ov nayrsg 
iyievta* • mate xal fiu&y, ov fiaXXov. Kal ol 
apcpioftTpovvus, 1} olix&qol, rj ol xqivovxtg, */ jovg 
ovrot xqlvovav xo fisv yaq, w? ay ol navxig qpaltv, 
iatl' to di, ol xvQiob xal ol eldoxtg. Kal bxi fiiy, 
1 ov ndvxtg fttxtyovgi, psitov • axipia yaq, xo fit] fisxd- 
%uv • ire ds, ov firifoig, t) 0$ oXiyoi • onavuottqov 
yaq, Kal xa iitavmmtq*' xaXXiw yaq. Kttl £v 
al xifial (islfovg, maavxiag • ^ fao: T^uiy, wr^f $> a^/a 
ft'? lor*. Ka* wy a* [tipfat jititov$* Kot\xa twr 6po- 



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RHETORICA. LIB. L CAi>. VII. 33 

loyovidvmy ij ipaipapbm juyaXmv, pt£», Kal fli- 
uiQOVfierct di tig ret plqn xa avta, fuftm (palrtttu* 
KJletojw #«o vtooojw ^flWcu* o&tr xal 6 nowng 
q>7}oi, it&aat [Xiyovoapj tot MtXiayqov avaatijvat, 
v Ooaa xax' ar&fitinotm nil**, t»v Saw aXuq • 
Aaol per qt&arv&Qvot, nilur o« tt nvq apa- 

Ti*fu d«y AUot Sfova*. ' 
/fa* to ovru&toaidkxal inotnodoft&p, man$g 9 &tlxa^ 
fiog • oVa \ is to at/to tiJ dtatqiaii • ij yio ovWtaoif 
vntQQzyv dtfcyvo* noXXry xal ott aqxn yairncu p+* 
yaXwv xal aXtiov* 9 KjkI Si to jalwwJwooy xal ana* 
vwtsqov pu£ov, xal ol xeuqol,1 xal ai yXudai, xal ol 
toaot, xal 01x9090$, xal at owapc'Saotovo? utyiXa. 
El yaq naqa dvvetfuv, xctl nay qXtxlav, *al nuoi 
tovg bfiolovg, xal $i ovzvg, 1} irtav&a, jj to&\ gu 
piyt&og xal xat&vxal iya&ip xal dmafov, xal t&p 
iraptimv* "O&& xal to iniyoaupa 1$ 'OXvpnuorixp • 

JI$6o&e fib aptp wfiounp *x** toax&av aoih- 

1 Xap * 

*IX$v* & "Aqyovg tig Ttyiar ttptoop. 

Kalo*Iq>tXQatyg avtov tpixvplatsXiyw/M £p vnftf}- 

f e towtoj. Kal to aitoawig, tov inuttyTov • £•£«- 

nursQoy fag • o&w xal noirjtris cpyoiy, Avtodida- 

xtog d' slpi. Kal to fityaXov piyunor fUgog * 0I0*, 

UsgixXi^g Toy imtaq>tov Xiymv, tt^p ptotyta txTqg nb- 

Xwg awjKpio&ai, Sansg to Bag. ix tov ivtavrov ti 

ttouQB&sii}. Xal td ip #o«/« pelfr?* *("W* ' ^Jov 

%a ip f^qa xal rvaoig. Kal dvolv to iyyvttgop tov 

tiXoyg. Kal to avta, ij anXag. Kal to dvyatov, 

Arist. Rhkt. C 

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34 ARISTOTELIS 

rovadvrdtoV' to piyyag «vt», to & ov. 2t«l td 
iv xilu*xovfilov xiXij yog palXovy xa ngbgt'yxiXui 
^ Kal xa ngbg alfj&tiay, x&v ngbg di$ay ogog di rov 
ngbg do$ctp, o Xay&dyuy pdlXuy ovx ay&oito. ' *4io 
xal to sv ndoxnv xov tv nouiy doSetsy ay aloaroSre- 
for t&w * to fih yag, xttv letr&dvt], aig^gttar **o*~ 
&y b* tv lay&dy&y ov Soxti ay kX$a&ai. Kal Saa 
ztvai fidXXov ij dox&y fiovkoyxa^' ngbg alr&uay yag 
ftalloy ' dti xal tyy dtxaioovyrjv qpaol utxgby Hrat % 
o« dox&y y tfyai aigixmxtgoy to di vyialruv ©£ 
Kal to ngbg nolXa- xgyoipwttgoy * oloy 9 xb.ngb^xb 
tgy f xaltv £yy t xal xyy ifiovify,xal ngdrtuy xa xaXd* 
dio xal o nXovxog, xal q vykia, uiyioxa doxei elWat* 
anayxa yog s/s* xavxa. Kalxb iXvnoxegoy, xal t3 
pt&* ndorrig' nldta yag brog* <5or« viragxt*- *a* 1} 
ifiovT) aya&by, xal tj aXvnla* Kal dvolv otg> ccxrty 
ngoax&iptyoy, u4Sioy%b ploy worn/ Kal a pig lav* 
&avn nagoyxa, $ a Xav&dysr ngbg aliftuay yag 
T«iV«* TawTa • dib to nlovt&y tpavtlti ay fiutoy &y a - 
&by xov doxnty. Kal to ayanyxoy xal %dig fih 
(wyov, toig dsuri SXXtoy* too xal ovx faq £>?/ua, ay 
xtg xov htgoq&alpoy xwpluotj xal toy dv &oyra* 
a/a^roy yag a^jgntak. 'to* tW u l? oiy da Tag 
nlotng <pigw & t$ ngaxginuy xal anoxginup, are* 
doy dgtitau 

caput vm. 

Mlymoy 6e xal xvguaxaxoy indyroty ngb$ to d v- 
yaa^o* to&w xa* *cd<5s avufiovXtvuy, rag iroAt- 
•niag andoag la/My, xal td ixaat n g fry, xal ^^ 
A«a» xalovfupegoyja dnXur. UU^ortm yig ajtuvxig 

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RHETORIC A. LSB* h CAP. VIII. 3* 

iw evyKptaoyw wpqdoH di xb o£for *q» wdm/or. 
*itw di kvqIu mto ioxw r\ to$ xvqIov inoyapiHg • t« ft 
xvota di^Qtjtai xmxit tag ncintlag * oow yaQ ui noU- 
Tuai, xmamvxa nal xa xvQti law. JEtri di noXixum 
TeWofff?, dypuxtfaxla, ihyagxia, aQ&xoxfaxlt, uo- 
raojF&r* a\t%% *b uto xvatop xw xb xfivw, xovxwp t* 
ap dfj uiowp, . ij oio* tovyo*. 'fort ft, dtjfioxQaxia 
uip, noUxtla, to y "Aw? diapiuorraixag ao£a$ * ©ii- 
yaqzia di, to $ oi inb xifniuatmp* aqmoxqaxla di, 
to // oft *ot« ntuStlw naidtiap di Hyn, xip vnbxov 
rofiov uuptow oiyiq iuji9u*Ptfxbxtgto%o%gpofiluo$g, 
to xjj d^ummqaxlaa^xovaty avayxxf di xovxovg <pal- 
rta&a* aqlaxovg * od«y xal xovvopa eftqqps tovto. 
Movmqxta d* iax*, xaxa xovpoua, to i) tig andvxuy 
xvgtog San* xpiuw di, quto x*xa x&hv xwd , /5aot- 
Ida - ^ $' «oowto$, Ti/oawfc. To $} t&os fctaorijc 
*roJUT«ia$ ov &Z lap&avup • alfovyrai yaq to ttoo* 
to t&o?. 'jGot*. ft, dt)fiox()axUts uip xdXog iXtv&igia ' 
oiiyafxlag di, nlovrog' aounoxqaxlag di, xa nqbg 
naidtiay xal xa roasua* xvQavvidog di, qwXaxy* 
^frjlop ovp Stixi Tffbg xiXog kxdoxrtf tidy, xal youtua, 
xal avpytyopxa duuqnioy ttuio aloowra* nqbg 
xovro iuapaqmo&pug. 3 Eml di ov hqpov a* nfowg 
yiyvopxat dt dnooaantxov Xiyov, alia scai di ^6V- 
kov* (t^ yaq nroiotr xiva <puirw&ai xbv liyovxa, m- 
axtveaw tovto d° iaxly, ay aya&bg (palvrjxai, v ev- 
yov^ jf apipw) diokip xa r}$i} xwr naliXMuip btaovrp 
txuv ijpag * to uto ybg kxaaxtig tj&og , m&ayma- 
xop drayxri nqbg kxiaxxjp i hai> Tavxa di Aij<jp^ij- 
orra* drit wp avxiy xi ph yiu) %&ii (paysqa xaxi 

C 2 

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3* ARIgTCTTBLIS 

tyv nqoatotot* r \dl nqoalqwig, axatpifwa* n^ig to 
- riXog. r 'Jlv uivovv dtl 6Q$ywa&atr7tqQTQ87tortae , wg 
iaofibrnv tj orww • xal 4x rinar Set vit$ negl toil vvp- 
qtioortog nloittg Xapflciruv • *« &, Kept tw xaxatag 
noXvttktg q&wt xal rouiaw diet %wi*v %t t nut two? 
evTTogriovfiey, iq> oaor Z\y tw *r«oorw xaiqa avpftt- 

tovtw. ' 

CAPUT IX. 

ilfrra M to&ta Xfy&fH* ntgl aott^g vol xaxiag, 
« o) xaiov xa} alaxgov • ctrrot yip oxoaoi ry &r<n- 
povm xal yiyom • ov^jStjaerm yao apmittol tovxmv lc- 
foVrag, xttxtfya^lovy, eTflW' tocoI ro«$ wroAiftrf-q.. 
OOfiedct *ata xbflbog, ottiq *p dmrtiqa niax$g • ix 
i&v airt&v yao fipikg tBxal SXXov e&etticrroj'duyijao* 
fcc£a ftoctfy arpos apttqy. .'i&H* fli wpPfUpu xal 
X»olg <mov8*jg xal (Attn anovSffg incurelv noik&xig 
ov uovov Sr&iM»7iov rj &bot, alia xaiayt/ga nmix&p 
SXXtw {emv to xvxov to* ct^Torxoonovxal ntfl tov- 
ww Jtipmoy Tag- rcpoTwret? * wn$, Sao* ffaytedafy/ta* 
tog X<XQW> tTmopt* xal ntqltovtm*. KaXip pt* ov* 
tativ, o 5V 5/ avxb alonqv ov, iitavrrov y *j o a* 
aya&iv oV ydv y, 3ti aya&ov. El di xoito 4m to xa- 

vnwJorir.'AQttri di,jfcm(t& 9vvapig 9 &g b*Q*&,ivoo,icnUxii 
ayadw, xal yvXartixn '" xa* ivvauig tvigysrcxij nolXtx* 
not fjLtyaXfov, xal tcuvxw neol mtyza. Mfyvi di «x£e- 
rrjg, dlxaioovrrj, avdotla, <ra<ppwwij, pxyahontjhttia* 
fityaXoyvxia, 4XBV&£ot6tr}g,n^«6ifig,<po6Yij9ig^ iro<pia 
Uvayxt) dipsylatagmaiaQnig, tagtoig £ttot? ££*}<?*- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



RHETORIC*. Lia I, CAP, EC 37 

H&Tthag, tfatQ fotnr *} Sotty dvtau$g tfooymxii. " 
Aia jovto tovg dutaiovg xal dvdqtlovg aaUata nam* 
ow q ptr ydq, h nolipy • ^ Si, xal k> «*V*f*J7 xtf- 
aifwg avxolg. JESfct t) iltv&tQiovtjg* nootcrta* /if, 
xal ovx urtaymvl&ovttu ntyl t»v xyv\fiat&v, taw ua- 
lurta ispianai SAIxh. "Eat* &e, Stxcuoovvri uiv, af$» 
til di ip t« mnwv hutoro* fyovm, xal t»£ 6 vopW 
adixla di, di fp> %a allot q to, ovx <*>$ b *6uog. Id*- 
dqdadi, di nr nqaxTixol not tour xaMnrHf/uv h 
voig xwdvrotg, xml ng 6 vifpog xtXtvu, xal {rnqoniMol 
*$ *PW dulla di, rovvartiov. SoMpooavvt) di, 
apery di yr ftfbg rag ifdordg toy atiuaiog ovt&g 
fyovtn*, ig bxouog xtXwti' axplaola di rovvavxlov. 
'jEliv&efwtfjg di, irtol xQfifuna *v noiyxutilf, dvtlev- 
•&eola di, %6vvavxiov. MtyaiftHftvxla di, ofady /»*• 
yilam no*t}Ttmf $v$fyttT}ftdxmv • tuxoofvxla ti, *ov» 
vavxior* MeyaloTtffJttta di, ifnif b daxowyttem ' 
uey&ovg noufjurf • utxooyntxlotidi xml pmtjQitofriua, 
idrarxia. ipgovrjaig di, sartv aotttj diavolag, xa&* 
jljy iv fiovltveaAai dvravxa* n*ip afa&ilr xal xaxSnf 
rw u$/fiuir0v tig tvdaiu~ovienr. lleol fxtvovr d^strjg 
xal xaxlag , ma&alov, xal nttjl w* uoofa*, a!V 
tyrjxai xaia \bv iamnmta xwoiv Ixaimg. Jleol di tw 
alia* ov xatenp* ***** ' *****&>* Y«f» on uvayxi\, 
%d jeiroiTjnxcc iqg ofrrjf lira* xald* xqbg dotty? 
yaq m xa) ti an nfkxygyiyYoptpa' toiavta di, td n „ 
o^Haf^f afttfaxml ti fyya. '£**t fi ti otipua, 
Ka* ti toiaSta, baa flair iya&w %%ya ij nd&ij, xa- 
ia - aw&yxq, boa tt avdfdag tqy*, fj ayou* irdotlpgi 

n i*dQ*i»* njnfaxwif Ual* ihm* xal ti dixaia, xal 

■ \ 

D,g,t,zed by GoOgle __ 



& > ARISTOTELIS- 

t« faxafat tyya* nafrt} M, ov '• i* /koVjj yi$ rainy 
tmiqnw ov* «ci tb dixalpjc nolo** alX' tolyv fij- 
fuova&cn, -wazgbv to dixaiiag palkovj q to adlxtog • 
*ck» *crra toe; Slkag di vqttag affavrwff. Kal iq> 
oaotg »« a^ltt t«/kt„ xfcAa. iTai itp oaoic «pn f*al- 
^>* 4 ^^«Ta. * .Kal «rof ^ «vrot> trace* jtockttw 
T*$ *Sv aiotT&y. Kal t« bjuUi*? iya&a , ooa 4fniq 
Ti}? itatoidoe rig inditjoe, naeid&w to ovtov. Jfai 
t« tJ awou aya&*. Kali py aviy vya&i* avrov 
yaolvtna tm rwtvra. Kal So* Tt&vtwt* ir&x**** 
tmuQZ*** p&Hov, fj {out* * to yvtg ervrav IVcKa /uai~ 
ioy !#« to ££m. Ko* ooa tyy* xwy oUor w«xa' 
tjTTOK yio avtov. JCa* cow wnoayiai rool allovg, 
alia firj ntol uvtov. Kaintql tovg *v noitjmnrrtts • 
dhtaior yao. Kalti tin pysr^iara • ov yaq shg av- 
toV. /£«» t« bartia, % Ap. olc a^vroyta** t£ yaq 
atajfoa aUtxvvortetj xal liyontg, nut jfotowrss, xai 
u&lortis • oiowtf xa* J^ywaiwAfxtr, tfriprto$-Tov 
Mxalov, 

^M»V . ,• •. -^.>; 

Jfa* P4 w wri^y ylmao htixa ttaxoV, SM* ;. 

!<dU' Sky*; a*oi t« Stxato. • ' 

Kal Tt*Q*t»v iywaoGipii ipoflovptpof itBflyig r£p 
nobg dot** quqovttoy uya&my, tovto nuozovot. Kal 
«* w* <pwwt oirov0mo«rfo«>r oo*t«4 xajUUov; , x«* to 
^p^a * olov, *r$Qog y V yv**m*t* Kml at maepkavau- 
*<xl SlXoig fialXop ^avroli* £io to Mmmoih n«in ^*- 

• D,g,t,zed by G00gle-' 



*■* 6 RHETORICS LIB. I. CAP. IX. 39 

Yatoovrrj, xalop. ~Kal to toig ix&QOvg Tqufoffirfat 
pallor, xal (ty xaiallanto&ai' to, it yaq Surra- 
nodi96vai,dixau>r 'to di dlxatop, xalov 'xalapdqtiovg 
to py qttao&at* Kalvtxfj, nalttfiff, wiy xalmp* 
alqttu t$ yaq, axaqna orra, xal vntqoxJfP aowjsoVf- 
loi. Kal ia pyq/tiopcv/tior** xal rot uallop, ual^ 
lor. Kal a pr\ &3m intra*. Kal olg tipq 'axo- 
lov&ti, Kal w ntqma. Kal tauimji vjuco/oyia, 
xalllm • tvfipfjpoptvtdttqa yaq. Kal xirtpaja Sataq* 
na m 4X$v&io$mttga f&Q* Kal tit naq ixaatotg di 
tdta, noli, Kal Sou cntfma Am t£p nag ixaoroig 
foatrovfjuvor • olor ip Aaxtdatpop* xopipr , xalov • 
iltp&tqtag yaq oquuop* ov yaq kru xo/mwt* ^y- 
dtor ovdip notup tqyop Gyttnir* Kal to uridtulaw 
iqya&a&ai fiavavoop tixw il*v&iqov yao, to pr) 
nobs alloy Kr. Aqntiop di xal tit ovptyyvg toig 
inaqxovotr, wg tdvti ona, *al nobs Ihtmpop, xal 
uqog ipoyop* olor top tvlafii nal tvytvjtor, 0W0V xal 
inlfiovlop * xal tbtt rjli&iop, to^atop • xal tor apal- 
yijtor, nqtfop. Kal ixaatop di, £x tip naqaxolov- 
&oirtvp atl xati to fiHtwtop* olop, tbpiqyilop xal 
top paptxbp, anlovr* xal top av&db't}, imyalonq*n% 
xal atfiPop • xal tovg h toig vJttqfiolaig, ig ip taTg 
aqnatg ortag • olop top doaovp, apdqtlop* xal top 
aaanop, Hsv&iqtop • do&t t$ yao toig nolloig' xal 
upa naqaloywtvxop ix tiqgahlag • A yaq ov uqapay- 
xq xtr&vvsvjixb;, noll$ fiallop ar doSnar, onov «o> 
lop m xal tt nqotttnbg toZg rvxovot, *«ri toig tpHoig* 
intqfiol^ yao ootids, to nartag. tv notAp. Sxonfip 
di nut, naq* olg b fffaiyog* Santo yaq b JSxmqat^g 

, Digitized by CjOOQlC 



40 ARISTOTELIS 

sktytv; ov jplinov, 'A&tiwtovg b*A&ntaioigbtuivuv. 
Ju di to nao* lna<noigTl^K>v[ov\ Xdyuy, wgvitagxov* 
titov> 4v2xv&(Uf, % Adxnotv, 1} qpuloooqpot?. Kal 
hhaq de, to tifuoy ayuv tig to xaXby 4niln$Q doxu 
yiavupr. Kal 00a xaxa To\ftoo(njj*o»r * olov, d atia 
t&y nqoyiymy, xal t&y noovnijQyfUywv svdatuoyueby 
yao xal xaXby, %o nqoomiKTao&cu juujv, *H elna- 
oa to *foooif*oy 4nl to fiiXttby, xal to xdXXiov - olov, 
$1 6 *vvt#&y /Up, umtqw o d\ iivjfiy,fuyaXotpvzo^ % 
% peifay yiyyopwog, fitXriwv xal xataXlaxrutnztgog. 
ftotovtov ditb tov 'iquxgaicvg, 4$ otmv ug ©*«" xal 
to tov 'Okvufuoylxov, 

Hqoo&$ usy dficp &fioiaty Ifamv toazuay — - 
ual to tov JSfyiw/oov, ' 

n JQT natobg te xal ipbgig adtkpmr t ovua rvgav- 

*£n*l $' in t&y nqahmy oUnatyog, Idlovdi tov ottov- 
Qaiav to xata nqoatqwiy, nttgatioy.Sstxyvyat nqax- 
tona xati irooalotaty. . Xg^oiuoy di to noXXdxtg 
yabt$a&ai nmgaxoxa. du> xal ta ovp7tt<£uata,xal 
tianb vixng> &9 i* ngoatqdoti X^mioy m ay yog itol- 
Xa no* oaoia ngoadg^tat, OT}fi&oy ag$trtg~£lyai do£a 
xal ixooatQioMg. *E<m d* tnawog, Xoyog iuopayl- 
{<ay uiys&og aoetr}g. AH ovy tig noiSsig frideixrv- 
yai, ig totavtah" to d* iyxtifuoy, t&y tyywioxl. Ta 
H xvxl», ug niatip * ©Toy ivyfrua, xal naidtia • s«- 
*bg yap, £ aya&Sty iya&by, xal toy ovxa xqaqpbxa 
toiovroy fibw dio xal iyxayuifouw noaSartag. Ta 
V *W*> atffiua xqg Qwg mow* ixd toaiyovutp xal 
p*i ftmqayota, u itmtvot*& £ya* toiovtor. Ma- 

/. . ■ • 

, D,g,t,zed by GoOgle 



RHETOfUCA. LIB. I. tiAP. IX. 41 

xaotapbg di xal tidmuopurpog , axfxolg fUv, tavxi* 
tovxpvg dk, ov tavxa • al£ Santo 4 ti9aif»opla t»* 
iotifiv, xal o wdalpoptoubg ntqtixntavta. *Exu 
di xoipop tldog o fitaip'og, xal at ovu/SovXai* S ybo> 
§p tw wufovXtitipyno&oio aw, tavja ftexaxt&bta 
Tij Xi^n, iyxiaia. ylypttai. *Etul ovp txoptp Sdil 
nqaxxut, xal nolo* tipa thai, dtlxavxa^gvno&rixag 
Xiyortag, xt) Xi$n ptraxi&bai xal oxgitpttp* oTop, 
on ov del piya (pQoruvjnl toig dia xvxrjr, &XXi tolq 
di avxpp. Ovxtt fib ovv Xtx&b, vno&yxijv bvva- 
tai ' hdl dk,' fhtatpop « p&ya q>qopwp, oif toig dia tb- 
Xtjv vnaoxovoiv, alii toig di aitop. "jlort Stop 
inaivilv fiovXy, Sga ti ar vno&oio* xal oxar vno&i-' 
a&at, iqa xl av inatviouag. € Hdi Xi$tg total avu- 
xu^iv^il ivayx^g, Stop ti fib, xmXvop* to dt, firj 
xwXvop, (ittvztdy. XqijozIop d$ xal t&p av^tixwp 
itoXXoig* Aop, ti fiopog, % nq&xog, ij utt oXiywp, $ 
xal S fialiaxa ntnotyxtp* anuria yao tavxa xaXjau 
K'al to i* t&P xgorayxal twv xa^otb ' tavxa di not- 
pa t& ncotjyxov. Kal tlnotXaxig to avxb xaxiaq$»- 
xb • uiya yao, xal ovx anb xvxqg, iXXi di avxoy ap 
8olw. Kal tl tct nqoxqinopta xal ttuwta dtk tov- 
top tvorjtat xal xaxtoxevaoxh]' xal tig op nourtop 
iyxipiop bpoiri&ri • olo*> tig *Inn6Xoxov, xaVAapi- 
Stop xaYAoioxoytkova t xb hayooff oxa&rpou. € OuoU>g 
di xal M tup 'irartltor. Kq* fifj xab* avxbp iwro- 
qr^g,nqog aXXovg aPtiitaqaflaXltiP* Sntq *Iooxqat^g 
ttoUt, dia tip avpti&uaptov dixoXoyfip. Judi noog 
bdolovg avfxolrw aifytixb* yao ««} xvtXbp, §1 
onovdaitar jStlxlwr. Mttxu t* tvloymg 4 avtyoig 

Digitized by VjOQQlC 



42 ARISTOTELIS 

tiff tjtw btahtovf • ir vmooxji yaq iathr q d'vnpoo* 
gq, ™v%<*Xwv. . Jibntjppq 7iqostov$ ivdo$ovs> «U« 
srpo? tov« «Uot* M »«o a/JaUw, ixsiitee jvnegoxn 
doxu pqPVHP aqttqp. w 0i»S *« t&pxow&p ud&yana- 
attotg Xoyotg, q ph avSqau imtqduotatq toig intr* 
dtuctixoig • jus yaq froa|«** bpoXoyovpipag lappa- 
fovaw Sots Xoinbr, piy&og ntQi&upai xal xaXXog* 
%i di naqaddypata, tdig ovpfiovXtvtutotg •- i* yog tap 
mqoyiyorot&r to /ufUoita xatapaptwop&Oh *QtPO<* 
pev ra d\ip&vpqpata, toig dixavixoig* alilap yaq 
mal anifaiSt* paXwta dix*tai to ytyopbg^dia to 
£oa<pig* '£x tiimp ph ovp o* Inaivoi xal ol yw^oi 
Uyovta* ox*dbp navttg, xal ngbg n.oia du fiXhtortag 
ipawtiv xal yiyuv, xalix tlrm tit lyx&pia ylyvvtai 
*al t£ ovddq, tavi ArrJr* fto/rfmr y&o tqitap, ti 
biartla tovtlHf (parted • o /if fro/of ex tm? bumbm 
igtiv. 

CAPUT X. 

Hiol dltqg xatqyoqlag xal anoXoylag] it niatSf 

mal Koittt nomo&ou du rove ovXXoytopovg, ixoptrdf 

x fa &q Xiyur. Ju dq Xafiup tola • h pip, tlvmp, xal 

via** frncatfoWva** dtvttqoP di, n&g avtol diaxd- 

perot * tqhop di, toig nolovg xal nmg tgosvag. dio* 

Sdpzro} ow to udutup, Xiyvpsv 115$. "Mat* dq to 
xur, to pXantit* IxoVra, naoa Toy popop. No- 
pog d* trilv, o pip, tdtog* b di, xoirog. My fa di, 
t/hor pip,*a& opytyoappspop noXntvorta* • mospop 
So, Sam Sygcupa naqi naoip bpoXoytio&a* doxu, 
*E*6rug di nowvoiP, loa tid&xtg, xal pq arayxato* 
furoK 9 Qff0 pi? ovp feom?! oi papw ngosuqovp^ 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



RHETORICA. LIB. L CAP. X. 43 

rot" 00a 3i nooaifovpiVQi , ti$6u$ anvpta\ ovddg 
yog o nfGsuQUTiu, ayvou. . ^ a W^oa^ovyTOf 
fikawmp, xal ycntXa ntotip nagi zar ro^oy, xaxi* 
iatl xal axqaola • iitp y&q iiv&q igucrf pof&fiQlap, ij 
p/ay, if niT<oi/?, **?« da tovto o pox&fiQol Tvyz<*ro»? 
avp OPt§g, xala&ixoi %uhp* o\oy, h\ /*** ayticv^c^o^ 
aw^i ZQ*H"*ja* o ft «x#1<»<f?o£, rop* t*s TovaotyiaTo? 
tfiopag • 6 & paActsw, iz*q* ta Ipdupa* o $i iulog^ 
fttQl roig xirdvpppg; toig ya$ ovyxivdvvtvortag iy- 
HaieAtpn&rovQti M top $6 gov i di ydoxipog, dim 
^ififfPZ o V 6ti&vfia$> &* hqyfiv o di qtiXorixo^ 
foartuqw i 9i ntxfos, dta TjpttfAxy © i' atpovp* . 
titato anatao&cu ntql to $ix.atop xal a$i*ov o fa 
araiazvptog, 6( iXiytoqiar Sotyq. € OfioU»g di *•) 
tup aXXmv E**«ro?, ntql txvuno* tip wtexuuippp^ 
UXXa wtpj mat tov?«w> tiiXov, titf^p t Ik *wy ftey! tig 
aQttig efytyt&roMn ta di, it t&v ntgl ta ;ra#q fa&Vr 
oopmpam. jiomap 8* ttutiv, tipog eptxa, xal nmg 
from? i&txovQi, ««* tins* Ufrntop uip ovp foil*-. 
(u&a; tlp»p of&yofitvoii xal nola quvyopng, iyz**- 
fwptj' vSiutiy. dyXop yhq>m *i pi* xaznyoQOVP-. 
%i> nooa **} nola TOvrwy *"*?<&" t«m apttdixq, «*«- 
frWar, •** ia-Upmtomvrug, tois nX^aiop adixovoL*. 
t« d* anabyav/irfi'V, *©fa, *** *o'oa tovtaij' qvg 
vnatfu* niptrediiifQAttownnapta, tapir, ov 
di aviovg* to to, fl* qt/iov*. Tw jifr ovp undi, 
aifig, %i pip, dw tittup nQanovar tit di, $ ara/;- 
«itf. 9tiy ^' i£ iviynnst ta pip,pia* ta te, fiaui 
tftort fiatra Saa ^ 5* avtovg nqartovin, ta pip, 

X Digitized by CjOOQlC 



44 ARISTOTELIS 

mvtoig, xal &p avxol oXxioi, ti pb di %&*>$• ti di, 
di $Q$tr* talta ptb,dii Xoyumxij* OQ&r'ra ti, di 
iXoyurtov. "jEcrti difjpb povlrpu;, psia Xoyov Sq8- 
ftg iya&ov* ovdtlg yio-povXmtt, aX£ if o;t op omj- 
to/ij e&«# iya&iv aXoypi d' Sfftug, h^yy x«* ***- 
bvpla. "jloit nana ooa noittovaw, apiyxi} noat- 
f»y di ahiug ima, dm tv%fpr> &*** (&**> &* yvoir, 
3i f&og, dti Xoy%apbr r dii &vpw, di in&vpla*. To 
8i TtQOodiatqno&ai xa&* yXuttag, 4} i$ft?, q ak£ avta 
To nqartopwa, mokfyov. E\ yiq ovpfiiPn** tdig 
Pioig oqytXotg vfrai, q 47ti&vptrnxo'c$~ K ov dtitrjp yio- 
fi/ft* itQehtovot xa tomvxa, aXXa di OQyw **l Aw- 
fhvpiar. - Ovdi dutnXoirvov nalmrwr* aXXa ovpfii- 
ptjxt, toT? pb nbyot; dii Ttj* fyfotav, int&ip9&xiiy~ 
^(tfxr&v • ttilg di nlowfotg, dti tr t f #Hfuiay,im&vpuf 
tfo w avayxahap 4jlhT(ar. *A\Xi *p«$ov#» nal avvot, 
bvi dti nlovjor nal n&Uty, iXXi dm tip ijtt&vpiav. 
\)polmg di xal oi diatom xal ol idixoh xal ol aXXot 
of Xtyoptvot xata tig f$t*$ ny&vnw, dm tavta nm*ta 
n$<x$ovaiv % yiq dmXoykipb*, § dm nu&og* iX£ 
of pb, di yd-tj xal rra&af xQipti* ol di , dm xiomv- 
Tfor. 2vp/htivu pbtoi , tatg pb totavt at? &*m ti 
xomvxa axokov&tlx* taig di turned*, ti totadf tv- 
#ig yap totag, t» pb o&pQOVh dm to owpfov, do$a$ 
*t xal im&vplat XQV<r**l i*auoXov&o*oi *fp2 tw 
ffiov&v • tf d* mtoXdtma, a% bartUu mo\ twt omtSnf 
trow. Jto tig fibtotavtag dmtqtow fawiorf 
autittiordi; riot* notmgeT*&&fjno&ai* u jib yif 
Itvxfcy ftihtg, $ fiiyag 4j pu*Qog a ovdb tbautmi x«y 
toiovim* iKoXo*&& • ti diriog, q vftrfvtrfr » tmot- 



RHETORIC A: LIB, I, CAP. X, 45 

o$ % Sdutog, f)9ij diouptytt. 'Kal oXtoi oaa t&v ovp~ 
pawovtibv notii dicKpigny w ^17 iwr arOgwtwv 
olov, TtXovtuv doxtltto t\ nivta&ai, diolottii* *ai 
&TVX*lf*i tvivx&v. Taita piy ovv iottgor tyovfuv* 
yvv Sf it tgl tm t Xoirtwy stnwfitv ng&tof. *£<m b* 
into tvz*is (**y t« roictVTCt yiyyoutva, Saw % it attla 
aogidtog, xalfiti tvtna tov ylyyetai • * a* (iqti aul, py- 
re a>g innonoXv, pytt tetayftirng. Jr t loy d* in tov 
hgiopov rr\g tvxys ntgl tovmov. 4>vou di, Sotop jf 
%t alxla iv avrolg, nal tttaypiyfj' % yag aUl, ij &$ 
inl to noli ioavtmg anopalvn* tit yig naga <pv<nr, 
ovSbr dii axgipoXoy&o&ai, nouga nata yvcuv tiya> 
S\ aXlt}v ahlavylyystai. Joint b** ay nal ^ riffl aitla 
ihanarroiovTow. Jtta dk, oaa nag* im&v(da% rjtovf 
loyiopovg ylyyttat 61 avxtav tuy ngattoyttoy. *JB$u 
M, ooofl diet to rtoXXaxig nenotrjxivat notovot. dii 
loytopoyde, ta donotyta ovpyignv in t&y tigypivw 
aya&w, rj wg riXog, rj ug ngog to tiXog, Star Sia to 
ovfupigov rigdrtrjtat • tyia yag not ol anolaotoi ovp- 
q>igoytaitgittovoiy, aXX' ov ha to ovpyigov, aXXa 
fc iidorrjv. Aia &Vfibp $s not oqyrp to Tt/Uttpqrtxcr. 
diatyigu 9i tifitogla nal nolaotg' f) pb yitg xoXctutg, 
tov naoxovtog tvtni iotiv q W nft^gla,tovnoiovP^ 
tog, tva ano7rXrjga&fj[, Jlegl psy ovv tha iotlv f\ og~ 
yi\^ 8nXov Mortal br tdtg ntgl nd&ay. Al im&vpicty 
ds itgittttai, Sou yabnai t}dia. "Eon dinalto ovr- 
y&tg, nal to idunbv, iy iolg iidiot* noXXu yag nal 
t&y cpvoti prj fjdiw, Star i&io$4)Oiv ) Tidi(og ttoiotiotv. 
' "ftott ovXXapoyr* tlnuv , 00a St avtoig ngattov- _ 
air, artavta iotty Sj aya&a ij (paivoptya iym&a 9 rj 



m • ARISTOTELIS . 

ifiia iifawifutu ydia. *J&ri* d' oca dt mvtovg^ 
IxorrtS nqivtQvait* ov£ btovne 9i, Saa py 8i «£- 
tovq* ndrt aV ffy, ooa btovng JioatTovoiv, jj aya&a 
% yaw&fiira vya&a, t) qdia { <pa&6ficra igot <*• Tt- 
0jypt /a? x«* Tigr tbI* xaxiv % <pawofUvmr xaxmr 
axaXXaytfr* y on) pdZovog, iXaxxorog pniXityir, iv 
joig aya&dig • .atocty ^a^ jpofc kf «at Tfl* im? Av- 
jtyottr ij fpawopivtty, n anaXXayqr, f} pnalnyw irii 
ptiZorw iXattirnr, Aoavtug h toig ij0*wy» Ay- 
miov aga xk avfKpigona urn ti \ ifiia > nooanv\nQ m ia m 
Mtol pb> ovr tov avp<piDorto£j ir toI$ ovp(hvXtvn- 
*<£? e£jpqta* kootcoo)'* ntel d* row qtioe, aTnmptr 
rvv*. Ju tie rofilCuv Uarovg unu tois oqqvq, iar 
&oi mgl txioxov s^nxt aoatftl^ M u axotfiug. 

CAPUT XL # 

e TxQ*il<j&(p d* tif&r thai tip iidoryy x/rija/r Ti- 
ms ¥*>;r5s# .««* ftafaowKKft i&owxr *a) ahj&tjtijr d? 
tip vnaqzovoap tpVQiv Xvnrp da, toirartior. EX 6*1| 
tow 13 tjooyq to TOtovToy, dijio* ow ««* $&v 6toto 
noif}TLxov tip uQtjpufqf dia&ioewg* ip di <p&aoTixbv) 
if Tigs ivdvzlag xataoyaowg noiipmbv, Xwyow. 
*Ariyxq ovr ydv drou to, tt fig to xoto (pvoiv Uvea 
a>g &il to noXv • *a* p&Xiaxa ota» amdwoTa % Tijr 
kavT&v,q>vatv ti not avt^r yiyrifura* xai ra I&q - 
*a» /ao to d& tapir or A Swizd mqptxog ydq ylyrttw • 
oftowv yao. t* tbs&og xjj cpvoei* fyyvg yiguai xo nol- 
Xaxig T<j5 aw/. jEctt* ^s, { /i«y (pvaig, tov aid' to di 
c^of, tov noXXaxig, KoH to §iq (ttcuor di' nag* ^v- 
ctr yao { (tta, Jib al ar&puu, Xv^oor * xq) oq&S*? 
dfyiltaiji 

D,g,t,zed by GoOgle 



RHETORIC*. LIB. J. CAP. XL j 47 

r iZav yag apayxaXop ngayfi aptagip t<pv. 
Tag $* imptUlag, xal tag anovdag, xal tig qvpwpU_ 
ag, Ivnqgag • apayxdia yag xal ffiaia tavta, iap 
pi] i&iv&aotv ov*<o Si to t&og noin yd v. s Ta d* 
ipaptia, ydicf Sib ai Qa&vuiat, xal aianoplai, xal 
N ai afiiXttcu, xcu ai naiSial, xal ai apanavoBig, xal o 
vnpog, t&p qSi&y* ovSbp yag itgog apayxyptovtw. 
Kal ov a* tj im&vpltt hy, ana* ySv • rj yag im&v- 
uia tov fjdiog iorlv ogt£ig. T&p S' ini&yutur, at' 
pip, aloyoi uotp m ai Si, utta loyov. Myw Si, aki- 
yovg uh, ooag uy ix tov vnoXaufiapup t* im&vpov- 
ctp* tial Si toiavta*, o<rai Xiyortai thai arva^wnnq 
ai foa tov omuatog (magxovoai* oloy, r\ Tpo^ifr, Si- 
ya xal nuva, xal xa& txaatop ilSog tgofptjg int&v- 
fiia • xal ai ntgl ta ytvati, xal nsql ta aygoSiqta, 
xal Slag ia ami, xal n$gl x oau%p twStag, xal axo- 
yp, xal oyi*. Mtta Xoyov Si, Sua ix tov nua&rpa* 
im&vuovo* • nqXXi yig xal &tauao&a* xal xtyoa- 
o&cu im&yjiovotp axovoantg xal ntuj&ipttg. j£ts} 
d* iatl to qdto&ai ip t$ alodavia&aL tipog nd&ovg, 
i) di q>aptaalaiatlp ala&fjalg tig ao&svyg, xqvty u*-> 
fiYfifisvta aal t$ iXnlfrrrt axoXov&tlri yavxaaia tig 
ov piuvqtai ij iXni£u* d di tovto, SqXop on xal ifio~ 
pal uiXa utfiyrjuiroig xal iXnlSownp, intlntg xal of- 
o&ijoig. v Jloi ipayxfj nana ta ySia ij ip t$ cu~ 
o&areo&ai shot nagbrta, ij h »$ uiupibo$a$ yty*- 
prjufra, rj ip ty iXni£tt* uiXXopta* alo&dropiai fib* 
yag ta naoopta, udupqvtai di ta ytytpfipiym, iXni- 
Covert Si Ta [UXXorra. Ta uiv ovp uvtipovsvta, rfiim 
iotlp, ov fiQPoy Saa ip %& nagopt^ ou nagnp 9 ^Wi 

Digitized by V^OOQlC 



48 AftlSTOTELIff 

ijx, at£ %*ia nal ov% ydia, iv 3 vottoo? sudor xal 
aya&ov to p**i tovto. "O&tv nal tovtc tfyq?**^ 

*JX% iJW tot, ov&tota psiivijo&ai novw, . 
Sal, * ; 

— • Mtta yag tixal JuXyta* .tioittta* av^o 
Mvyptvog, Sotig noXXa nd&oi, nal noXXaiooyoi. 

Tovtov d* aXxiof, on q9i nal to prj fait xaxov. Ta 
d* iv iXnldi, oca nagivta ij wyoabmv, *% (»<ptXu> 
tpalvtiat peydXa, % avw Ivn^g mysXuv. *OX*g *e, 
ioa nagorta twpgaivu nal iXnifavtag nal ptpvfipi- 
- rovg, ag inl to noli* Ato xal to agyl&e&ai, ydv* 
Aantg nal"Oafjgog inohqat negl tov %h>uov, 

"Og t$ noiv ylvxtov uilttog nataXuftoubon * 
ovdtlg yag hoy 'fatten tw advvaiy tpawofUvm tiftfagiag 
tvx&v. Ovdi toig noXv vneo avtoig trj dvvdfiu, v\ 
ovx ogyitovtai, ij ijrtop. Kctl iv tuig nXdotaig Ini- 
frvftlatg axoXov&H tig rfiorq * rj yag utuvfjfjiittdt &g 
ttvxov, % iXnlfrvtsg ug tevtovtai, xalgovaitira ifdo- 
yr\v* olov o% t to toig nvgttoXg ix6utvoi> toig Siytcug, 
nal ptfivtjfwoi igtmow, xal iXnl£ovt$g msiq&cu, 
%aigovoi. Kal ol igwvttg [xal] diaXsyofuroh *<*l 
ygiyomg, nal noiovvrtg aid ti ntgl tov igotptoov, 
Xaigovotv • to anaai yag toig tolovtoiq (itfivrjptooh 
olov aio&otVEo&cu ofovtai tov ig&utoov* , Kal agxy 
di tovbomtog ylyvttat avtynaotv, otav py uovovita- 
govtog xaloovaiVy aXXa xal anovtog fiBfivrjfjitoot ig&- 
01, Jib nal Star Xv7irjg6g ytoytai tot prj itaq&va** 
Xal it toig nto&m xal Ggyvoig iyyiyvnalttg ytovjj. 
'Bpto yagXvnq, toil twpi) vnagx^'V^orn to, to t$ 

D,g,t,zed by GoOgle 



t RHBTORICA. LIB. I. CAP. XI. 49 

utppyo&ai xalooup nmg (xupop, xalahtoatttj nal 
olog fy Jti nal zovt' tfy^ra*, 

"jig q>ato* toJo* Si niimp Ap fufoof &qo$ yooio. 
Kal to tittMQtlo&ai, tjdi' cv yig to pr\ tvyxawup 
IvmiQov, to tvyx&pup ffiv* oi d* ooyt(iufpot Xv* 
novrtai apvntopiytwg, ay tlfitioovfietor iXnlCortig 
&h xaifovot. Kal to roup, iflv, oi uopop totg 9*- 
Xoplxotg, aHanaai • aiaptaala yaq wnoojpf? yiyp*» 
ttu, ovnwttg frown? im&vular, ynpipu, yuaUop. 
*Enzl 8i to putfp rjtv, ipmynq nal tag naidtag qdtlag 
drat, tig uaxyrtxig nal rag avlrjtixag xaliotanxd g • 
noUaxig yaq to avtaig ylyvetai to pix<$p. Kal 
ibrqayaXlaug, nal oyaiofong, nal xvfittag, nal icer- 
itfag . Kal ntql rag ianovdaoutoag tie naidtag ouoL 
wg* ai ah yao ybuai ylypovtm, Sp tig % owy&w 
al d 9 tv&vg fjd$icn, olor nvpnyla, nal nana ^oevt*- 
«ij* onov yaq au&la, tozav&a nal pixy iaxL Ati 
nal % faxayixfj, xalfi iqiatimf, ydfiatoig ei&wutooig 
nal dvpautooig. Kal ttuii nal tvdo£la, t&p qdlorw, 
dii to yiypto&ai (parraaiav Snooty, on to*- 
ovtog nal onoviaXog* nal uaHop Stop amatp, ovg 
oXstai aXrixhvup. Toiovtoi di ot iyyvg uallo* nw 
nonfat* nal ot ovpq&ug, xal oi ypwqtuoi, na ^ °* no ~ 
Xltm, tStp anoxhp* nal oi orrtg, tip ptXXoprw nal 
ol yqopipo*, aatgipmp* xalnoXXol, oUywp* uallop 
yaq dnog alffl-wup tovg tlqijfttoovg > twp toaptlmp* 
tottl,&p tig noli nataayop&y&on'iQ naidl#Pfj$fiqhtip, 
oiSer uilu rrjg tovtav ttuijg t) tqg dotyg, aityss y* 
tr^g do$rjg X<*W &£ itittq,d* aXXo it. Kal 9J- 
log, fw^ew* to 9 T9 yaoqul&p j qdv' ovtilg yaq 
Arist. Rhkt. ^D 

- Digfeed by GoOgle 



50 ARISTOTELIS- 

ylXoiyog, o pi} jct/ow otvy* xal to qxXue&ai, qW. 
tpartaola yao xal inav&a tov vndqxuv airr$ to 
aya&by thai, ov n&qrtg hudvfiovoiv oi aio&'avofts- 
voi. To di tpiluod-m, ayanao&al iota/ aixby dt 
avtoy, Kal to &avpa£w&ttt, rjdv,di avtb to ripi- 
o&tt*. Kal to xp2axev«a£<n, tea* o xoXa$, ydv- 
youvofuyog yag davpa<nris,%al yaiyoutyog <pllog, b 
xoJUx£ fatly. Kal to tmhti nqiatur nolkamg, r,5v • 
to ydo <jvvti&tg y tidv fa Kal to. pnapalUtv, f)dv- 
dg cpvatvyaq ytyyetai (i9ia§aX\uy tbyuo avtb 3 ate* 
vncopoXyv notu it}g xad-totmow Sta»f. "O&tv *l- 
qijtaf 

. — — Mttapoln navtw ylvxv ■ 
fatfTovTO yag xal to dta xgbyov rjdia fail, xal &- 
&gamot, xal itoiypata' ftixapoXtj yito ix tov hoqop- 
%og fatlv aiia ds xal onivhoy, to <b« xqopov. Km* 
to pav&avw, xal to &avpatuv 9 tjW, wf . btl to no- 
Xv 9 to fUp yog t$ &avpituv, to im&vp&y(jia&*uv] 
fatty wot* to &avpaoxby,im&vpi)x6v todi t£ pay- 
&avuv, tig to xata (pvaw xa&fataa&ai, Kal to tv 
noiuvy xal to tv naoxw, tiv rjdiuy • to (tto yog *v 
naoxw, Tv/gaVeiy fatlv car In&vpovai * to ^e rv 
itomv, . «/€*!» xw* VTfco&e*)', cur apipotigwr lyUvtai. 
Aw* otto ijov elvat to ev.rcotqnxoi'> *a*To^irtvoo^oi/f 
^ov Tot? av&gtonoig iotl xovgnXqoioy, xal to w &- 
tarcijj fatTfttefr, '£**«• £i to ftav&ciytiy xt iJM, not 
tbdavpaUiyj xal ta totavxa, avayxij ifiia tlva* to, 
tt p$fupti(Aivoy> StantQ ygcKpwij xal avdgiavtonoUa, 
■xal nomtixri, xal nav o oV 01/ fisfUfiTiftdyov $, x$v ^ 
y qou ov to fiiimpw oi yao M fovra> X*iQ**» <***<* 



, y Google 



RHETORICA. L1R I. CAP. XI. 51 

vvlXoyiopog ianx, Zutovto (xuvo- fiort powBaxu* . 
' %i ovpflabu* Kal almgmhuu*, xal to noqajuxgbp, 
qw&o$cu 4x t&x xpfdvvtoy ndxta yog &avpact& 
tavta, Kal iml to xata (pvoix ydv, ta ovyytviq $} 
xata avion aXXqXoig fotly, anarta ta axyytin\ xal 
ofiout, tidda, £g inl to noXv; oIoi,ay&gmnogay&g4&- 
iify xal Xnnog Xnnta, xal viog vty. °0&& xal at na- - 
goiplai eTgqrrai, &g y r t X£ yXuta tignu • xal, ahl tip 
OfUHO** xaljfyvvda &r\g &qga* xalj aluxoXoutg 
nago) xoXotov xal ooa aXXa wiavia. c Entlditi 
ofioiov xal tit ovyy trig ydv iavt$ anay,' aalanad* 
avtog ngbg laviby htaotog toy to nmox&iy, javayxn 
ttaxtag cpiXavrovg thai, i} fiaXXox, rj yrtov naytu 
yag to totavta vnagzn *Qog avzby fiaXtota. *Entl 
fle qUXavtoi ndrteg, xal ta avtAv ay&yxq ydia *l*at 
naatv • of or, soya, Xoyovg. Jib yiXox&Xaxtg, £g inl 
to noli, xal q^iUgaotal, xal qnl6ufi6i f xal (piXote- 
xvof avTtav yag tgya ia tixva. Kal ta (XXtmfj $m- 
tsXtlv, ifiv • ait&y yog loyov ydy ylyyttai. Kal intl 
to agxw, tjdiotoy, xal %b ooqpby Soxtlv sixai, ffiv • 
agx*xby yag to q>goyiiy r toti 6' % oo<pia noll&y xal 
Gavpaotay iniotriuti* *E*i, friel qnXotifioi &g M 
to noli, ayayxq xal to toniplfv tolg niXag, ydh ifc 
vai. Kal to ix <J (MXtiotog doxti thai avtog aitov, 
Ixtav&a diatgifoi* • iontg xal Evgtnid^g qpq<r/ * 
Kanl tovt indystat, 
Niutav hxaottig fjfityag nXuotov fiigog, 
"ix avtog avtoy tvyxary pilttotog £y. 
'Ouolmg <M xal ixtl fj naitita tax fjdinx, xal nao a 
aytoig, xal b yiXwg tm fjdiw. jivayxfi di xal ta 

D2 

i 



63 ARISTOTELIS 

ydoia n$ia ibtu, xal ay&gwtovg, xal loyovg, xal tQjm. 
Aitigmaidk mgl vtXoUap z*QU & **&$ mj>l JIoii\tw 
ajfc. Htgl (i& ovv itdfay ttgfia&v xavtd • xa-d* Iv- 
nrigd, ixmy iyavtltav xovxoig tpavtgi. r Jl* fth ovf 
tvuta adtMovoi, xavt 4<nL 

CAPUT MI. 
Ilfyg di txopxtg, xal tlvag, Xiytopev vvv. Avtol 
§ib ovp ixap otartai dvpaxop thai xo ngayfia itgat 
X&nvoth xal iavtdig dvvatov. EC xt av Xa&slyngu- 
tuvttg, jj fit} Xa&ivx$g, fttj dovvat dtxrjvij dovvaiftiv, 
«U* iXdxxto xyv itifiiar (bai xov xigdovg avtcug, j) 
&p xrjdoptau Sola piv ovv dvpata q>alvttat 9 xal 
notd &dvvata> iv jdig voxtgov Qm&yaetai* xotpa yag 
twy fiBg&p trig fatogixtjg xavxa navttov. Avtol d 
otovxat dvvaxol urcti fidXiaxa afltfipioi adixuv, oV u- 
nuv tivp&fttpoi, xal oi ngaxxutol, xal ol spimgoi noX- 
Xiv ayupwr. Kal iay noXvydoi aa*. Kal day nXov- 
oiot. Kal (idXiatd (Up, av avtol waiy htoig tlgr^s- 
yotg, oTovxat dvvaad-at * il oe /u^> xalyinagxwji xoiov- 
%oi aitoig jpiXoi, ij wttigitat, ?* xoivwol * diet yag 
xavxa dvvavtai xal izgattuv, xal Xav&dvuv, xal f*i) 
jfovvai dixqp. Kal iiy (piXoi coat xoig adixovpsyotg, 
q tdig xgitoug • olytiv yag (ptiot, afpvXaxtol ?« ngog 
to adtxuo&ai, xal ngoaxataXXdttovtai, nglv bzt$s\- 
&elr ol de xgixal £agt£ovtai, olg Sp qplXoi war xal n 
oXmg aqttaoiv, 5 ptxgolg fyfiiovou Aa&rjtixol di$l- 
otv, 6i~x ivavtloi tdig iyxXjjpaotv oIop, ao&eviigm- 
fl alxiag, xal o 7i£vi)g, xal o aioxgog ntgl (toixtlag. 
Kal t« XIop 4p yavsgy xal \p o<p&aXpo7g * ayvXaxxa 
yag, dta to [oXmgJ (itjdiva av oTto&ttii Kal td tt}Xi- 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



RHETOttUCA. LIB. t CAP. X1L 63 

jmevt*, ««} To**vr0, a pqft Jr aqpuUiffta /ag xai 
Tavw narttg f*Q %a ftartoTa, iSomp affuotit- 
aata <poXart ortai, nalra adtxyftata- o di pr)dtit 
nu $$$&niiO€P f oidtlg tvXa^utai. Kal olg uffdilc 
if&oog, if nokXoi' ol uhr yae, oXontu X^ouw, dia to 
(it) <pvXdttMj&tu • ol o% Xov&omovoi u, diet Topq $o- 
xursav imxttftjow tyvXattouavoig, nal dut to anoXo- 
fiaw fyttv, on ©i* or Auypfygow- JT«» olf vnaqx** 
nqvyttg^ jj iqinog, 4 xoaos; 4 &«£«o*f tZvooog. 
Kal oaot$ pip A«£o2ot»> &w &W*f d/«w, 9 ava(h~ 
IffZQonoe, jf toup&ooal uqimv* Kal olg> lap yirn- 
191 £qjU*, tan BUmg ?*jfc ixtioutg, qayafloXii %qo~ 
vtof, q di inoqlqnr pqft* Uu, i, n anoXiou. Kal 
olg, to) ab ntyn q***oa, ifyayaia, 9 4?W* ol ft 
ty/dai, if papri iy i^pandg, n noffv. Kal y 119 fax* 
ttpvoia tity *j} tSqpifctp, 0I0* flowi &w q tvoawig. 
Km) oa«?, ta ui* adtxya* t <h Affiant * a{ ft {quia*, 
orti&tj amot* Kai ©Iff xoivwnlo^ tiub adixj#i<*- 
%a ug Zxaarip turn • «>Iw, u owi/ty au~a tiam^aa^ 
o&akvm* natobg vfpntobg, &an§Q zipam* al ft fr 

fti&h «ff £fty**Mt; If SPVyiiy, ^ TOIOVTOI'T** UptyOltOQl 

fiq aaatovot, nal dpfOtiom ^xorttq, nlip ovx oi 
avroi, att* oktoavtloi tolg i&tot. Kal oi noXXamg 
•? AtAq#ott?, 7? pq itiyu&ttivtH. Kal ol noXXtxxig 
axoxstvxn***** • «*ai ya$ T*?*?-«a) & t<£$ toiovroig, 
Soxsq *al ip %oig noXtpiMolg, olop ayapaxta&at. Kal 
otg «V xaoaxQVpa ji ti ydi* to 4« ivwijoor vvtfgoir 
19 to ygffcg^ ^ ft ftp/a vango? * <4 7«^ anoattig, 
Toioirtot * Jrri. ft anoaala ntolnana oowoQiyovtau 
Kalolg a* tovpartloVy %o pb hmtyowyfai ji, (iv 

Digitized by GoOgk 



54 ARIST0TELI8, 

{ffula • to de ijdtr xal wp&ipop, vortoa xal zgopuh** 
ga • ol yap iptqatiig xal ipg6Pt/imngo$ } ta tomfCwk 
duuxoxKri. IfaJ off ir-Mix^ai &a «(W. ^» 
7rpa*a«, # di apaptijv, /§ di« owoir, iy di i&of • * xal 
ZXm &ftbtQTclv, dXXa fit} admit. Kal elg Sip y to% 
imtutovg tvx&P- Kal Seoi up ipdwlg Aw. diffk 
de uotp frdmg • V 7<*Q <"? apuyxatbv, (ooitsg oi Tt&rj- 
TEff* i? ij? vmg^oXr^, alamo ol nXovcmi, Xal oi 
oq>6dQa tidoxipovvtig, xal ol atpidqa adotovpttg * ol 
, jieV, c&$ ©v do$o»r*$ # ol de, affovdty fiaXXor adotovv- 
ttg. Avxol pip ovk 6vt<o$ k/ovtcg, tmxttQovetv. *A8i- 
xovot d* tov? toiovtovg, xal to Totafca, TovgifcaiTO? 
dV avroi ivtiettg, ij tl$ ta apayxeua, $« if v*foo£i|r, 
4j elg anoXavoiv. Kal tovg ntffw, xal tovg fyyig* 
tc5r pip y«o,i) lyyig Ta/fla* xmv de, ^ upvola fya- 
dtfa* olo*, ol ovA&vttg tovg Kuozytoviovg. Kal 
tovg prj tvXaftug f prjSi qpi/Aaxnxov?, &Ua m<roirw- 
xovg- (ffdtoy yag naptag la&itv. ■ Kal tovg $a&v- 
povptag • inipelovg yag to irtt&X&Hp. Kal tovg 
cuoxvnulovg * ov yap pax^tvxol ntol niotiovg. Kal 
tovg vnb noXXw adntij&ivrag, xal uij tntUi&6rta<;, 
6g ortag, xata t^v nagoipiap^toviovg, MvtmvXtiav. 
Kal ovg titidemanott, xal ovg nolXaxtg • «/iqp0T€?c» 
^ap aqptUaxw oi pip, &g ovdiizotf oidi, &g ovxav 
fri. Kal tovg diafiifiXijpiPovg, «j tidtafloXovg^oi 
toioinoi yag, 6vt$ noocuoovtiaip q>o(hvp*poi tovg 
xgitag • ovtt bivaptat nei&ttv, tSv ol ptoovpspot xal 
- gp&opovpipol dot. Kal ngog ovg txovamooopaatp, ^ 
nooybvuv, y airtur, fttyttwr, % not^piptmp xaxtig, y 
tuXXntapttiVi % ayrovg, % ngoyopovg, 4? Jp xydcrtai- 

Digitizldby 1 



RHETORIC*. LIB. I. CAP. XII. 65 

Sjmq yaq 1} naqotula , Ilgoqxxomg diitat povtov ^ 
xoyrjqia. Kal V>vg ix&qobg, xal to us ylXovg- tovs 
fiiy yaq, qndioy* toi/g de, t)dv. Kal tovg aipiXovg. 
Kal tovg py dnyovg unity, q nq&ar ij yaq ov* iy- » 
juqovoiy tntZUvW) rj xataXXarortal, 1} ovdiy ntqai- 
yovot. Kal otg ui\ XvomXil dtatqlpuy imrygovoiv 
% dlMfiv ? txttoty • olbv, o* |&oi xal avtovqyoi* inl 
fuxg&y te yaq dtaXvoytat, xal qadlag ol roiovrotxa- 
lartavortai. Kal tovg noXXa i\btxrixotas ,$ toiayta 
(na adixovrtat* iyyvg yaq ti 6oxii tol fii\ adixiiy 
tlyat, otay it totovtoy adtxrj&ji r^g, otovud&H xal 
avtbg admit* • Xiyw di, oloy tV ttg toy tia&ota ifiqi- * 
£«* aixfomro. Kal tovg ij TrwroiifxoTas xaxwg, r\ 
povXq&irtag, y (hvXopivovg, % noirjeovtag • £#« yap 
xafcti lyflv, xal to xaioV xal fy^s tovto tov pij 
«f^ix«y yatmau Kal dig xaqiovnat, y <piXoig,ij 
Gavpafypivotg, ij iqwpfroig, fjxvqlotg; % n oXtag nqbg 
0S5 &01* avxoL Kal nqbg ovg dotty inmxiiag tv^ 
X&v. Kal olg ay iyxtxXi\xoxtg &01, xal npo&axtfco- 
qnxfrttg * xal yaq ta toiavta, iyyvg tov [ly adixiir 
tpaivtiar oloy KaXXtttnoginoUt tcJ mglJiwva. Kal 
tovg vii allur pilXortag, Sly^ri avtol, tig oyxiniy- 
foZOftsvoy (hvXtvoao&at • 'wontq Xdyttat Alvtoitfj* 
pog TiXtavt nip fat xotra/ita aydqanodioauiyto, cm 
W&aotv, ig xal avrbg piXXw. Kal ovg adixioav- 
ttg dvvtjooytat noXXa dixata nqattuy,mg fading i«- 
ooptvot* ngmq tw'laotov b OmaXbg, diiv adi*8v 
%yta, onwg dvvrpat xal dixata noXXa notiiv^ Kal a 
nayttg n noXXol adtniiy tito&aor oyyyvufifjg yaq 
oXortat xdUrtat' *«* «« (4&<* *qvf** * toiama 

Digitized by GoOgle 



50 AR1ST0TELIS 

di, oca ^ Togfi avaliaxnm' oIqx %i idmdipa* if -ug 
tifUTapXtltbt % axypaot*, tyxpipaotfr 4 xqaoxqtu 
TfiT a TioUer/oiJ ayav/att* evftooo? • voiavra di t£ ew- 
fiaoiaxra, xal iyuutfolg xonotg mpanQ&ueya. Kolal? 
a$ta<po$a xal cuota noXXa 7iqovtitjqx* *V «o**kovVt*. 
Xal oaa alox^vortoi liyu* ol adtxyd-ims • olov yv- 
vaixm olxiiwv vfiyug, n «fe alxovg, ij «$ vUlf. Xal 
oaa atdodixtlr dottuy ay o intguiv* totauradi t« t» 
jibtjpa, xal i<p ihq avyyvmu^ € Jlg pb ay* fgoPTCff 
adutbvoi, xalnoXa M xal noiovg t xal dta .*/, ox*diy 
tavta iari* 

, CAPUT XIH. 

% Ta d* idixquaxa nana xal dtxaiuuata diiXvuty, 
agZautyo* nqmioy intv&tp. "Jlgtata* 4q ra dixwm 
xal xi adtxu, ngog %t fopovg $vo, xal nqhg ovg 4<ni, 
dix&S* My* di youox, toy ukv, tdioy * %w di, xoivov- 
*ioW fib, tor fxaatotg VQiapiyox ngog aitovg • xal 
tovtw, toy uix, ayqao}oy* fix di, ytyoappivoy. 
Xou*b> di, %hv xaia <pvaiv • far* yog, S uantvpvxai 
it navxfg, 0)iau xotvbv dixaiov xal adinop, xnvuqUe- 
nia xowmyia ngbg alkqkovg g 9 mylti ovv&yKti' olo* 
xal { JZoyoxtiovg *Avuy6*ij (paivtuxt Xiyovaa, ot# oV- 
xaioy, WKuoquivoy &afai toy UoXvytlxii, ig <piou or 
tovto dlxaiox * 

Ov yap w rOV yt «$*&'?> «AA" **** won 

Zji tovto, *6tSfc2; o?Jci> 4$ otov q>ayq. 
Xal vg 'jBuntdoxlyg Uyu ntgl row fiq xtiixav to 
Ipytftoy tovto ywo^ ov Tiaj fur dixaiov, nol di 0$ 
dixaiov . 

!4Ua «o fi«y flr«yr«v wifuuvy, dm i tvgvfiidonoi 



, y Google 



RHETORICA. LIB. I. CAP. Xm. 57 

i&dJQQQ ynxmg jhuzw, tta % amUtov why fa 
Salig liyu iv t$ JtftowprMtxf *jiku8ap$f. /Too*. 
ovg ii duiqmeu, dy(&g dwqurtcu' tiyvQ nqog to 
xo&or, q nqog &a wv xo&mov*twv % a d& nfarntp 
. xal fin nqdrmv. d& xal ti adocypcm* xal %a d+? 
xctuipata, fkgmg iativ itdixiiv xal dtxaiojioctyH** ij 
yaQ nwg ha fywpwov, % nqbg %b xowov* o yaq 
(hh%9VW xul xvmwr, id$xu wata* ootopAw o 3i 
fir] OTQortevoftfvot, to xotvoy. 'Anavzw dy tZv adt^ 
xquitoxy diyftyMvmVi xal t£v fliv $ruav nqbgib *o*- 
vbv t rmv ds ngog alloy xal nqog allqvg, walapovrtg 
%l Icro to atiuc&o&ou, Xiywiw tu loina. \Eati tii) to 
aduc&a&ctt, to wo kxbrtm* tit aduta actogw toy&Q 
i dpiur, mqusutt, nqvnqov ixoiaio* elyai. 'ifrc* 6*j 
avdyxti t©> a&movfitarov fil&tmo&ah xal uxovoi&t 
f&avma&m, ai )dv filafiak, ix tint nobitQQv qtavtaal 
dat" to yaq iya&i xal ti xaxit fopoqnfr xa&* avza 
itooxsooy, xal ta ixovtna,oti6atWi baa udotfg. "flat 
ayayxri, nana t& iyxlifo***** $ *?<>$ ™ uoifw, jj 
nqog to Vdtop «2iw ig xal ayxoovrtog, rj axovtog, 9 
kxortog xal tl&otog • xal tovtmw, to ufo* nqotXoudyov <■. 
to &, d*a na&og. . JI$ql ph* ovv $vuov ft^-yona* 
h> m ro*gjtiQl r* Ttm&l. JSota di nqoouaavvtai, xal 
nw? txorttg, ttqqtat nqoztqo*. 9 Entl 9 oaoloyoxy^ 
tig TtolXaxig Tttttfagtrat, y to ixiyqaupu ov% ouolp- 
yovair, rj juqI § to dniyqapua' <fi°* lafiar akv, al£, 
ov xUyw *a\itat*$** nqotsqov, &l£ oix i/?^/aai* 
xal wyftvio&ai par, alt ov ftoyctiow % xlir 
ywi, il£ ov% Uooovlyaw ov jyiq *&*ov ti * r\ 
int%y£wa$ai pWf il£ ov dqpoalait* n biuU- 

- ' Digitized by VjOOQlC 



58 ARISTOTBLiS 

Z&ai piv tolg noXtploig, &XI* oi ngodtdovaw fax 
tavta diet a* xal ntgl toitmv diogloaa&ah tl %Xoni\, 
ti vfigig, tl fjiotxsla* 07t<ag idv tzvn&gxtt», i&v tb^i} 
vnagxMv Povlmprta detxvvvat, txtapiv ipq>avi£uv to 
dlxatov. "Eoti di nana ta toiavta, mgl tov adi- 
xov that xaljpavXov, 4j (iij adtuov, [ntgl ov\ jgo/iquo* 
ftytfjaig' §y yag tjJ nQOatgias* ivtlv n ptx^ngla, xal 
to adixtlv to di toibma taw ovopattov nooao%pai- 
vu trjv ngoalgtotv • olov vfigig xal xXonq • ov fag d 
inataU, navtag vpgtotv aX£ tiirnta tov, olov tov 
itipaaai ixilvov , rj avtog iflr&iivau OvdinOnwg, 
h lad-pa Rafter, sxleyev atf «♦ in\ filafifi sxltipt, 
xal o<pettgtofi(p kavxov. 'Opofag di xal nsglt&v al- 
itor %xu, wamg xal mgl toitwv. 3 £n$l di twv dixai- 
mv xal Tttrv idixmv yv duo etdy • to ph fag ycygap- 
pha * ta di, aygaata • ntgt tav piv ol vopoi ayogtv- 
ovacv, ttgytaf tav di aygaqntv, dvo iotlv eldy. 
Tavta d 9 iatl, ta ph, xa& vntg/ioXijv agtryg xal 
xaxiag, iaf 61$ ottidf) xal hsawoi, atipicu xal tipul, 
xal dwg$ai' olov, to xagiv f^fty t$ ytoiqoavttsv, aal 
avTBvnorftv Tov cv notyoavtm, xal fio^tjftiMov tlvou 
to?; qAXoig, xal oca alXa toiavta • to di, tov iSiov 
vopov xal ytygappbov ZXXuppa* to yagimuxig, do- 
xtl dlxatov that, "Eoti di imtutig, to naga tov yt- 
ygappivov vopov dlxawv, SvpftalvuM tovto, to ph, 
axoyimv ta di, kxorttov t&v vopo&stwV axortm 
piv, otav Xad-ji • 4x6vt»v di, otav prj divuvtai dtogi- 
oai* aXX' avayxaiov piv y xa&oXoy unuv, pn p di, 
alX } ug Mto nolv. Kal oaa py fadtov diogiaai d* 
wtugiav olov t y %b tgmoa* oidnw, xalnvU*?, «<^ 



, y Googk 



RHETORIC*. LIB. 1. CAP. XHL 59 

noU* Ttrl* vnoXziitot yog dtj b cutav dtaoi&povvrag+ 
*Av ovr ji atiiogiotov, tidy de vopo&nijadi, avayxij 
anX&g tinuv&ottxffv daxtvltoy fyw, fadgijftai jtjp 
X&ga, ? wcetafy, xatit fifr tor ytygappivoy yopoy, 
&0£<>V i<rti *«* adtxii* xati Si to aXrj&ig, ovx aoV 
set* xal to intttxig tovto dotty. jB» 3* cot* to cto^h 
uivoy imtixig, a)avtgby ndia ion ti 6n«xi}, xftt ovx 
imttxrj, xal ndtot ovx iniux&g Sp&QWtoi* ty' ols t« 
/ «o &V* ovyyPmuijy extty, tmtixrj tavta* Ifa* to t« 
apagttjpata xal ta ddixripara fiy tov Icrov affovr, 
prfie ta apagvjjpata xai to itvx^pata • t<m d«/a*v- 
frffiata fih, boa itagaXoyd, xal py inb pox&HQiag' 
apagt^pata $£,3oa pq nagaXoya, xal pqanb *oyy- 
flag* aSixrjpara Si, oaapq tt nagatoya, dnb now^ 
glag ti iou' tit yug Si im&vpiay , anb norQgiag. 
Kal to tot? af&gwnlyoig ovyytwaoxuy, imtmig. jfai 
xo fi^ *roo$ tor rojior, ctaAa npog toy yopo&irrjy oxo- 
ftiiv. Kal to py ngbg top Xoyor, aXXa ngbg Tt}vSux- 
woiay tov ybpo&hov oxoir&y. Kal pi} ngbg tyv 
nga$ly, ilia ngbg tip ngoalgtotx. Kal py ngbg to 
pigog, aXXa nobg rb iXov. ~ Mi\Si nolbg tig v w, «A- 
2a ndiog tig rjv aid, *? Ag M to noXv. Kal to pwn- 
poyevtiy uaXXov £v tna&ty ayad&y, § xax&y xal 
vya&wv tov frra&t p&Xloy, tj tnolr\ot. Kal to avi- 
Xto&at aStxovptvot. Kal to paXXox Xoyip i&iXnv 
xglyto&ai, rj tgyw. Kal to tig Slaitay puXXov, i} tig 
dlxrjy povXto&ai Uvah ' b yag Stattijttig, to inutxig 
ogip ' b Si dixaotig, toy vopov • xal tovtov tvtxa ^i- 
auijtfjg :tvgi&ii , bimg to imnxtg toxvy. ntfl 
viv ovv *&v4nmxw dmgitpfha tor tgonorvottw* 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



60 ~ AjUSTOTELl^ 

C JrPtJ T XIV. ~ 
'AdtKriftata fa u*i(oya, Sua a* .anh fisi£oPO$r\ 
ibutiag* d*i *o» %a Hotgiata, uiyma* olov S Mtka- 
nmmov KmMJ<nQ(MJ6e*«*typQ*houitctQfloyi0aTO rota 
yptw flil ta Uoa %ovg ymonotovg * M dataioavyqg Si, 
rovyavrior. *E<m ds tavxa & toy vm$izup *# oV- 
rape*" 6 yig t$ia Uqa^umfiilta xlitftag^x^y oxwvy 
i&wfouw. c Ofi flip 6q ovm to futiov, ari dk in 
xov fiXaftovg *fi*€T«t» Sal ou u4 iaw ley ttumqia, 
aXlanaaa&aitvy* Sal ov jiq iarw Vouag* jjfoX*- 
ni/¥ yiq mil oJwfr w. Sal ov pi &nifytijv ia fitly 
ror lut&otm • mrlato* yaf rj yig 3ixr} xal xilaaig, 
faatg* Sal d o na&mv, xal d o aduttj&dg avtog o v- 
to* puyalvg juHaaw • Muyaq udCovi o noufeag dl- 
xaiog *ola*&%Y(H* olow, JSbqwrfjjj? vk&q Mlxttyofoq 
t Qvyr\yoomy> hfd anfofafy* lavxop i(fyo\h*e, qv t*- 
urps&tyn ilawuHW, % ov o va&uy ijlpqoey kavxor. 
SaH S poy&g, v no&tog 9 yptt oUyay nmoii}Ke t 
Sal to nollaxtgti aito ipvowvuvj uiya. KsA $* 
3 ay tn*V$i *<*• tvQ*&j) ta mXvorta xalStyuovytf 
oloy, 4* "dqyn Ifapiovw, di ov $v vouog, it&$> xal &£ 
ovg to dcauutfaia* yxofopjfch?. Sal to dyeiwdi- 
moo* adixypa, ptlfrn Sal to itqoyoiag f paXXov. 
Sal a oi ixovovtt g . fofiovvt at paXlov, ij (Xsovoi. 
Sal t« uit (qtaaotd iott lotavta, Stl noXXa avyon- 
«a Mxm*) i\ vxgQfiifiqxtv olay, QQXOvg, d e$ia$, nl- 
<rtetg, iTTiyapiag* noXHv yaq &dmi}uarm vaspoxy* 
Sal to trtavd-a, ov xoliiartm oi adixovv*tg\ onto 
Hwvaw ol ytv$Qpao*VQ$g • nov yaq ovx ay idixri- 
otf«y 9 &ytx<di*x$ diaumnqi^ / Jt«i *p. o^ aio^if- 

Digitized by V^jOOQIC 



RHET0R1CA. LIB, L CAP. XIV. 61 

rn p&kun a. Ktxl e! xovxorvff ov tvitfawth* ft&tto 
yagatixu, on xe ««*»$ ttofd; *«rt o« ow «v. Xai 
S,ittiQ& xa'Sygaipa dhutu** aptborof yig, ptj dt 
arwyxffr btxaior thai. Tuphrovr ytygappiyxx, * 
i»&¥**l$ • ** A* aygaaw, ©•• j<Uw de xgonor, el 
jragarra ytygctppiru' o fag xa <po(kqa *&*&* *«J 
t« imZypta, *«» ti p^ imZwioi Mmtitruw or. 
ZTsoi pkv ovv Htutypaxog pdfyrog #ctf Aerroyoft 

CAPUT XV. 

XTe^l W frfi* ot^rvw^xaAcwjua'wy nloxw, izopn- 
rov ian xvtv ngtipirmr, btidgapn** Itiai yog avtou 
twv dixanx&v. JSiui 8* itivx* xbr agt&por, ropoi; 
pagTvgtg, ovr&rpw, flaourorS ogxog. Hgvxor ph 
ovv sfruperTnglropwr, n&g zw<nioy xutngoxginor- 
xa *al Anorginttrta, xa\ xaxfjyogopvxa xal anolo- 
yovpsror* <pav$gbv fay, oxi iar ph> irarxlog # i yt- 
ygappivogxy ngaypaxi, xfyxoiry ropy zgrjoxiov, 
xal xolg imtixioiv, Ag dixcuoxigoig. Rat oxi xy yrm- 
prj xtj Agloxtj xo%x fcrxr, to py norms zgfo&a* xdig 
yiygapipAroig. Kal on, to p*r imnxig ahlphtt, 
zai ovdenore prtapdXXzL, ovb* o xovrog* *ax& qriW 
ydg ioxir' ol 9i ysygappiro^nollaxtg* o&er ttgrttai 
ir xtj xov ZoyoxMovg *Artiy6v$ • anoloyurai yig, 
qx* )htga& itagi xbr xov Kgiorxog rcpw,al£ ov nag* 
xbr iygatpor* 

Ov ydg xi> rir yt *ffX&k, Alt aUl noxt* 
Tovxwy iya ovx tptllor Mgbg oidtrog. 
Kal oxh xb fixator ioxir &Xi)&ig « *<** ovpxpigor y 
lit oi xb doxovr: &<rt ov ropog, bftygappfrog* 

Digitized by GoOgk 



tt ARISTOTELIS 

ov Y&Q Ttoiu to tgyov to tov vopov. Kal on So- 

9M0 aQyVQOp>tOftW Q XOtflfc *ot«*>, OttWf titaxobrj TO 
xlptyXov dixaioy xal to aXfl&is. Kal on fiikxlov og 
avdoog, to to% iyoaipoig, ij toig ytyoapp&oig z*yr 

. o&at, xa) ippivuv. Kal tX nov ivayriog vouy *v- 
doxipovvn, rj xal aitog uv%$ • ofor, cWotc, o pcV, xs- 
livci xvom* «frat, afT a* ovyfhirtai * o di, anayk- 
Q*iu fit} avrtl&tv&ai nagct toy voftov. Kal si a/u- 
atijfoXog, war* orot'qpea' xa* op$x «V onorioav t^p 
iymyyv, 1} to 9lxai6v 4<pagpioet, 1} to uvpyioov* el- 
Ta Toviy /oija#a*. J£a2 t* t« pcV ngiypvta iaf olg 
iid&t] o yopog, pyxitt pivu, o 6« youos * Treiocrreoy 
~*ovro O^Aovr, xa* udzeo&at tavzjj nobg avrov. *Eay 
di o ytygappivog p ngbg to noaypa, tow /w/tj? tJ 
i^loTy Xixxiov iotly • on ov tov naoa tov ro/toy fye- 
xa dixafay iaxly, aX£ tva, lav ayvoyotj o , n Xiyu p 
*6pog, fit) iniQQxy. Kal on ov xb anXwg aya&hv 

t algiixai ovdelg, aXXa xb avrqi. £~at ot* ovdsy dux- 
qpiosi, n py x&a-D-at, 7} pi} ZQrjo&at. Kal on iv xaig 
SXXatg tixvaig ov XvowtXtl naoaooipifco&ai, oXoy 
%bv largo* • ov yao tooovtoy (IXAimt t\ apagxia tov 
iaigov, ooov.ro i&ifco&ai anti&uv t$ agxoyn* Kal 
ox* to t«i> po/Kay oogwTeoox {^tci? e?yai> tov/ Iot«j> 
o iy Tolg inaivovp&oig yopotg anayogzwxa$. Kal 
mgl pay imv voptay, ovxto diwoloxh)* Jlegl ds vagxv- 
owy • [laQTvoig nai dinXoi,ol per naXaiol, ol Si nooo- 
q?ax6i>. Kal tovxtav, ol piv, pttixonig %o\ x&dv- 
vov ' ol ds, Ixxog. Aiym o«, naXaiovg p*v, tovg rs 
noiiixag, nal oqwv aXXmv yvwolpw tiol xoiottg <pa- 
ytgai- oXoy/A&rjyaio^Op^ga pdgivgt izQyourto wt- 



, y QoogIe 



RHET0R1QA. LIB. I. CAP. XV. 03 

(n 2etla(tXvo$* xal Tevifaoi fyUyxog Iltoiavdgy tji 
Koqlv&im ngog JStynug* xal KXeoafiv xati Kgitlov 
toZg JSoX&vog iXtytfoig ixg^aato, Xiywv otmaXa* 
aoelpig n oixia ' ov yig aw no%% iizolyae 2oXwv> ,' * 

. Eintlv fioi Xgttla nvfyoigi/h natgbg axoveiv. 
JItgl gih ovy twv ysvopdvay, oi Towvtoi ndgtvg*g» 
Iltgl di tmx ioofumv, xal ol xgrjofioXoyoi • olov, 0t 7 
pujToxXris, on vav^axytiov, to tvlivov Myti ttixog. 
*Eti xal ainagoifjUcu, Sontg iXgytah fiagtvgiaiatly 
olor, it tig cvfAffovhvn py noiHO&ai q>iXov yigorza, 
tovtff [Hxqivgn % nagoipia r My not tv tgduv yi- 
govra* Ka) to toitg viovg avcugeiv, (ov xal toitg na- 

Nfpuog,og nettiga xttlvag, nctidag tataXdnoi. 1 
Ugooxpatot di, ocroi yvwgipoh xtxglxaoi ti • xgV al P°* 
yag ai tommy xglotig toig mgl t&v avx&p afAQ?ia(ly- 
tovaiv • olor, EvfiovXog to tdlg dituatiygloig ixgyoaxo 
xatpt Xagyxog <p nX&tw Ant ngog Ugxiftiov, on 
imdj&wxtv h Tji noXst to ouoXoy&v novqgoig thai* 
Kal oi pstixopug tov xivdvvov, av doSwaiytvdeo&ai* 
Ol fiiv ovviotovto* xwy Toiovrwv pbvov ftdgtvgig li- 
ar yiyoptv, y py* sotiv, y /*»;. Iltgl di tov noiov, 
ov augxvgsg * olov, el dlxcuov y Sdtxov, y ov/upigov $ 
aovpyogov. [Oi 6 9 ana&&, xal ntgl tovtcov moxo- 
Toxot.] Iliatotatoidi, oi naXatoi ' ahdy&ogoi yag, 
[jjiattafiata de naga pagtvgMV] pagtvgag p& uy 
Worn, St i Ac tmv tlxoxpv d&xghw xal tovt eott, 
to yyiapfi xj} igimy* . Kal ott ovx Motw ilanatyoab 
ti eixotvt in agyvgiy. Xal on ovx aXlaxttm v/ev- 
dofiagrugwv ta uxota. "Exovn dsjtgog py tx oy ™> 



, y Google 



64 AtflStfOTELlS, 

oft ovx ini&mtt ri uxota* Kal on ovdip ap Sfct 
HaoTv$i(tiv,d ix r&p Xoywv Uavoyfjv &tv>Q?ja<u. i£- 
oi 08 at fiagrvglaif ai pip, nzgl alrtov* ai di, nsgl 
*tov afi<pt<Jpr)TOvrtVg+ Kal ai pip, m$ rev ftgay- 
parog* ai di, mot rov fj&ovg. °Jlme a>apSQ0p, Sri 
ovdhtoxi i<my inoffiaai paqrvqlag XQyoipW ' ■* M 
yaq xara rov ngiyparog, rj avry opoXoyovpivfjg, rj 
ito afHptafirjTovmivavTictg* aXXa nql rov %&ovg, 
yavrov tig imrixnap,- rj rov ipquQflfftovprog dg 
yavXorijta. Ta f alia negl pagrvqog, ij <piXov, rj 
tx&gov, tj fiBtaSv, 1} tvdoxipovprog, 1} ado$ovp%og, i} 
ptratv, xal Sam SXXctt rotavrai dioKpogal,ix r&p ctv- 
rw tonmp lexriop, IS oXmwntQ xal ra-iyd-vpijpata 
liyop*p. - HbqI di t$v ovrfrrpt&r, xoaavir} tovloyov 
ZQyolg krtip, ooop ovShp, q xa&atgup, *j morig no*~ 
uv, ij aniarovg * ap pip aitm vnciDXVKfh ntoiag xcu 
xv q lag • inV di rov aptpiafttirovptog, rovvartlov. 
Hgog pip ovp to marag y anhtovg xataaxtvatuv, 
ovdip dtctyigti rqg ntgl rovg paorvgag ngaypaxtiag * 
anoioi yag ap rtvtg toaiv oi imysygappipoh rjqnjXaT.- 
Tovreg, Tovtoig ai ovy&rjxai mated thnv. 'OpoXofOv- 
pivr\g d* thai rqg ovp^xijg 9 outuag pip ovq^g, av- 
Zrjriov • y yag ovp&qxrj, pipog iatw fSiog, xaljuni 
pigog. Kal ai pip avv&fjxcu oi hoiovoi rov *opop 
xvgiov oi di popot, tig xara rip popop ovvd-rptag. 
Kal ZXag airog 6 popog, ovp&rjxij rig iortp* &o%* og- 
rtg amoru, xal avatgii ow&yxrjv, roitg poftovg «yat- 
gtt. ttc di, no attnai ta noXXa r&p avpallayu*~ 
rwify xal xa ixovma, xarit avp&^xag* Hot* axvftup 
fiypopipmv, araiourcu fj ngbg aXXjXovg X9*i<* «»> 



, y 'GoogIe 



RHETORIC*. LIB. I. CAP. XV. <K 

av$Qcj7r(BV. Kal taXXa dl oaa aqportu, imnoXr\g 
tdttv iaxiv. ™Av S* ipaPtla « xal jura t&p afMpiopff- 
tovvtwp, i¥Q&iov piv Snsg ap **$ ngbg pojiop ivaniop 
paziacu.ro, xav\? %omr ajcnov yag, ti, rotg fib 
pofioig, &p p*l }>$$&<; xdfitvoi wow al£ hanar&aip oi 
ti&apwoh ovx oUfit&et duv mi&to&ou 9 %dlg Si ovv- 
&rjxcug, avayxaiov. Etta ott tov dixaiov flgafitv- 
tqg ianw o dixaoiys* ovxovp rovta axtnriop, iX£, 
ig dixcu6t$Qor. Kal to pip dfxatop, ovx for* /ma- 
argdif/cu, ovt inavri, pit apayxg • mqtvxog yag ion. 
2vy&yxou fy yiyportatxal &anariftipriop, xalapay- 
nao&srt&v. Hqog dirovroig* oxomlp, u toavtla 
xwl itnip, firm ytygappbwp v6pw, s ij %&p xowZp, 
Hal rotg dtxaloig ij xaXdig. "Eti t«, tl aXXatg ovyVhJ-; 
xatg varigaig, 1} ngorigaig* % yag al yar8ga*xvgiau 
Sxvgoi d' al kgvxtgaf 1} at ngouoai og&al, al d 
vaxtqa* ffnat^xfiujiy, onorigng qp p XW a W* *^* 
di, to ovpq>igop OQtpp, st np ivavnovxai roTg xgttaig, 
xal Saa ffiXa toiaxrta* xal yag tavra tv&$(agr}J<$ 
ofiofag. Al dk paoapoi, paqrvglai ptpig doip. "Exup 
didoxovoi ?o motor, on ipayxy rig ngootott* Ovn- 
ovp xaXmhv oidb, ntgl roirw Idsiv, xal ti Ma- 
Xop$pa efarsfr* £ w, ap r$ yndgx^oiv olxiim, av$%w 
iorlv, ott aXrj&aig uoyat. Up pagtvgi&p tioip crura* •. 
lav r* V7t$paptlai axw, xu\> pet* tov auffiaprjtovnog; 
SuMoi Sprig raXq&rt, Xiytap xa& oXov tov yipova 
rwp pwavav oidip yiq iJtto* apayxatoptpoirayiv*, 
*$h teyovoip, if raXrftq* xaldu*xagr9govpr$gpiiXiy$iP 
taXififi • xal (adUtg xarayfivdo/npoh ig navaofupot 
&*tiop. Ju b" fyup ixavayigup htl toufita y*y%- 
Akist. Rbet. E 

m 

Bigitizedby.VjO 



65 J ARISTOTELIS - 

yr\piva ftaqafclypaxa, S Xatxotf ol xglvorttg, &te\ 
„ 8i oqxw, xttgaz^g ioxt totfetf ij yag dlfao* xal 
lapflavti, 1} ovdhtgox 9 rj to per, to-i'oJ* xalvov- 
jw % didttoi fjth, ov lappaxtt di* r{ XitpftatM pip, ov 
Mti&et oV. Exi aXXtag ftaga xavta, it bpipoox ai[ov- 
jog]fiv7t avrov, 1} vn ixttvov. Ov dtdtooi pfr ovp, 
or* Qrtdiag imogxovai. Kal tiioxt, 6 psp oppaag, ov% 
anodld&ot' rovg ds, aij hftlaaxxog, ottxai xataduta- 
^cy. Kal «s ovto$ o xipdvxog xqtlxxotp b btdtg oV 
x a oral? • idig pit yag, mattvu** xm Je, off. Ov Xap- 
pdrtt 8i, on avxl zgripatmp ogxog. Kal%n dyy 
q>avXog,xaxttp6oaixo £p • itgiixrox yag tVeris tov qpcrtN 
lox thai, rj HT}dzv6g • bpSoag pip yogi 8«* p»} o\uo- 
oa? 3i, ov. Ol'xw 6*« eV apCT^* Sp efy, aX£ ov o** 
tmogxtar to p^* xal to ioir Stvoojapovg&qpoxtH, or* 
ovx r<riy nqoxXtiaig avTi\> ade/fii ngog ivoejH], al£ 
opoia xal tl ia^vgog ao&trq nara$at, y nlrjyrivat, 
ngoxaXiaatxo. El di Xapftaptt, on Trumt't* ovta* 
&£/?*) d ov. JTaJ to tov AtPO<pdrovg ptxaorghpap* 
ta, qxxjsov ovrwg, Too* tlvaf iavpix o aofftrjg didw, 
tiotpqg 6" bppvy Ssirov tt, to pq i&iXsir avtbv, 
inig w ixtifovg afro? opoeavrag data&tr. JEt 9t 
dtdwoir, on tiatpig to &sXuv rolg &to7g imrgfatix. 
.Kal Zxi ovdiv tin avxbx alXow xgitap d&e&at • airy 
yag diduoi xgfaiy. Kal on aronor to /uij SiXsiP 
oppvyat, mql 3y SHovg afrol opvvrat. *Eml 00 
xa& txaatoy drjXor, nwg Xtxtior, xal ovvdva&ptrov 
nig Xtxriop, oSjlo* • oloy, tl avxbg ph &&h lap fit 
rtir, diSovcti de py* xal tl 67oWt piv, Xapfiartir fo 
pn^iXnxal ti Xapfiartir xal dtdovou i&iltt, tt xt 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



RHETORICA. LIB. IL CAP* I. 6T 

firilteitQov At yog *wy elgtipfonar avayxq ovyxuo&at* 
wars xal rovg Xoyovg ayayxq ovyxtlo&at in rfiiy doy? 
ftsmv. *£av de j\ ytyey^piyog vn avzov, xal bay- 
iio$, oil ovx imogxia • kxovoiov yag to adixuv Am • 
xb de tmoqjtuvj adtx&y ioxi • ia $i (Ha xal aitary, 
vxovoux. *Eytav&a ovv ovyaxriov xal to imogxuy', 
on itnl to tjJ dutpoiet, bl£ ov t$ mbpaxi. 'Ear Si 
tw unidUta ji Zpwpoepiyog, ow nana ayaigii o py 
Jppiy&y fig &poaB m diet yog rovto xal joig yopoig 
Xqwrtai opoaayteg • xal vpag piy aUovpiy ippiytiv 
oig uv hpoaantg $t*oj£fT€* avto* di ovx ippevovptv; 
J£al oaajilXa ay «S|ctp tig iXntii. U$gl p& aw t&y 
"Ottigvwr ntoi$»y, tigria&ta TQOavxa. 



LIBER IL 
CAPUT h 

'Ex rhw? ph ovp 9h nal ngotghtuy xal attotg&tWr 
xal yiytw xal ina*vuy, xal xatnyog&y xal drtoXoyti- 
o&ai, xal noieu &i$aixal ngovaaug xg fapo* ngog 
tag rovTW vi&t&g, %av% iorL U$gl yog toviuv 
xal ix Tovtmr ta iy&vpipata Uy&at, igmglbaoTov 
linn* Idia «f yiyog wy loywy. !fiwi &' ivtxa xgl- 
0st*g 4m? n (niogmq, (xal yag tig gvpflovXag *oi» 
row*, *«• if d&*i xgistg tatly;)£yayxnpn pwayngbg 
thy loyor of $r, onmg inedttxtatbg Sorar xal niatog, 
aXla xal avwy noli* ttymxal xby xqnip xataoxwa- 
£t*r. ZZolv yog oUa<pigu ngig nbruy, palm a p$M 

E2 

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08 ARISTOTEL1S ' 

ip to*c ovufiovlaig, Ata ds xalh tatg dixaig, to n 
noiov npa <patvto&uc tip Xiyopta, xal to noog ov- 
toig vnoXauflaptlp §#«* *»ff aitop* noog de toirotg 
4&p xalavtol dtaxttuipol nvg tvyxdpwn. To ub 
ov*noZop wot <f>airto&cn top Myopia, xq if I^H i ^ Te 9 0V 
jttg tig ovufiovXag iort* to di dtaxiio&ai it&g to* 
axgoar^p, tig rig dixetg. Ov ya$ rairi yaiverai <pi- 
Xovoi xal utoovoip, ovtf hoy tfauipoig xal nq<*ug%x9 v - 
otp* all? f} to naqinap htqa, 1} *«*« p*y*d-og fre- 
oa. . Tw ub yag qnlovpth ntgl ov natural tip xgl- 
atp, rj ovx adixuv, ij (uxga doxu adtx&p •' t£ de [U- 
aovpri, tovpaprlop. Kal ttf (Up tou&vuovptk xal 
tviXmdt opti, iip tj to ioouwop ydv, xaltaeo&cu, xat 
aya&bp lato&ai yaivnar t<§ b* ina&u xal dvoxt- 
galpopri, Tovfartiov. Toi (Up ovp avtovg «7*o* tu- 
arovg jovg Xiyovrag, Tola iorl to atria : tooavta yag 
4ari, Hi a itwTBvopep U» rUp ajro&ffcw. *Eari U 
ravra, VQoytjOLg, xal agsrti, xal tvvoia. Jiaytv- 
doproh yag, nsgl np Xdyovaip ij ovfifiovXivovotP, r\ 
dia napta ravra, jy foot rovrtap t/. *H yiq di ifpqo- 
ovpijp ovx og&wg [rovro] botat/ovaiv % do£a£pyrtg 
oo&ag, &o aox&yqlap ov to doxovvra Xiyavow % 
qtgSvtuot, flip xal bzwx&g tlop, alt ovx bvvoj,. Ju- 
nto Mfyrtai, fit] to fliXruyra ovuftovXevttp yipmoxop- 
%ag • xal nagi ravra ovdip. uivayxri Sga top ttwv- 
to doxovvra ravra ffruPp «fra* tdlg axgo»u4ppig itir 
otop, "0&$p u*p roipvp (pQoriuoi xal onovdaioi o?*- 
v&tv ap, ix taw mol tig igttig diyqyuip&p Xtptrior. 
*£x tot airwp yao, xap inqop tig, xap kavrox xata- 
oxtvaoM towvtop. mol d* wpolag xal qnXhg b 



N 



■ RHETORIC A. LIB. H. CAP. II. 00 

xdtg ntgl ra nid"n Xtxxiop vvp. "JEori di xi tta&ri, - 
bi oaccfisrajSaXXoneg, dwupdoovai n$6g xag xgfoug 9 x 
otg JhtXTaiXvni) xal yderq' olov, ooy% tXtog, 90/fo?, 
xccl oca aXXa toiavra, xal xi xovxoig baml*. Ail 
ds diaiQtito xa Biol txaarbv tig xola* Uyu d* olopn*- 
gl oQyn<>> n &9 « duxxilfiwo* ooylXoi tiai, xal xlotvd- 
ta&aaw • doyKw&a*, xal inl naiotg. £i y&Q, xi pip 
ty ij xa dvo txol^tv xovxw, anuria b*i fiy, oMpoXop 
$v tVq vip opyrir Iptnottlp * opoUog di xal M x&p aXr 
Xwr. "Jlantg ovv xal inl xmp, ngottgijftipwf dit/Qa- 
yafdsr xag ngojioug, ovraxal i7tlxovx&pnQifjomp$p, 
xal dUXapsv xbv UQUpivov xgonop* 
CAPUT II. - 
~£or<a dy y ooyij oQttig ptxit Xvityg xipuotag <jp«<- 
vop&rfig tut q>atvofiiyfiP faiyuglap x&p tig avxbp tj tig 
ttvrov twa p,fi jiqoot)x6vt<oq. El drj xovx iaxlv jj 
oQyr\>* v fy %r l xov ogyiiftfiwov ogy^ta&ai atl xSp xa- 
&&xaaxop xwl; oXop KXiom, orXX 3 ovx av&qmnq. Kctl 
ox* etvxop, ij x&p dixov xipu w ntnoliixw, rf-^atlXx* 
Kal navy ogyy tmod-al xipa ydorfiv, xyp vno xqg 
iXnldog toi xipwprjaaa&ai • tyv piv yog, idoXeo&at 
ivv£to&at, £p iadtxai* oldtlg di w <pavpoubnw adv- 
v&xmv itfdnai avx$\ 6 d* o#yi£6p*vog topltxat avxtp 
dvrotx&p. 4to xaX&g ttgrjtai riegl dvpov, 

"Og T8 noXv yXvxlw piUxog xaxaXHpo[Uyoio . 

9 Jhrtyw ip axifttoouf «*£rro*. 
9 AxoXov&u yio xal j^ovq xig, dia xb xovxo, xal di&t* 
diaTqipovoiv if tw xip wouq&ak x% diavola. *H qvv 
tort iyyivonbri: qxavxaoia^ ydovip noiti, iaontQ ^ x6p 
ipvjxpimp* !©r«i J' n ehyvyla %oup ipfyyua difyg' 

* 



70 ARISTOTELIS v. 

ntgl x& fir^dtpbg a$iov tpuwouipor * (xal yig xd xaxh 
nal rdya&d, ilia owutfra onovdyg that, xal to ovv- 
tiivovtct ngbg ravta • ooa di pydsp, i\ nam fuxgi, 
ovdwbg a&ta VTtolaftfidpouw •) tgla f daily tidy oL- 
ywgiag, xaTOtygevrjolg us, xal inqgsaoubg, xal vfigig* 
u rt yog xatafpgopwp, bXiywott* a yog olorccu fiySe- 
rbg a%a slpai, to* raw xataq>gwovat m t»r di pr)8tvh; 
ttfrW iX&yngovot • xal 6 inygedfav yaUnat xaxa- 
tpgopHv %axt ydg o intigsaofibg, ipnodwpbg taig 
fiovlqaiotp, ovx fr« rl aitd, al£ "pa /wg ixtbu. 
'jEntlovr, ovx tva avt$ n, bityugu* dr^QP^yag,] 
ow ovts filoupuv vnoXctftpdw tfpop&to ydg, xal ovx 
toktywQU* ovx tuqpeA^om av oidip aliov Xoyov 
ifpgopxm ydg ap, Hoxt epilog thai. Kotl b vpgiZtap 
di, iXiytagu* far* ydg vftgtg, xb fiXdnxttx no* Xvnuy, 
top olg moxivq fail tw ndoxopxt, fti) %va %l yipqxtu 
avitp a\Xo, y oxiiyivno, aX£ onoag TjO&y* ol ydg dv- 
xmoiovpreg ovx vpgi£ovaip, aXXd upfagovrxcu. Js- 
xtop di Tibg ffiovrig xoXg vftgitovatp, on oXovxai xaxSig 
dg&pxtg avtovs, vmoixtt* udXXop. Jib xal of Woi 
nal oi nXovaoi, vfigtaxal' vntgixu* ydg oXovxm 
vftgitovxtg. "T($gmg di, axipia'o di dxiuv£wp, oXiytt- 
gu* to yag fiydtvbg u£iop, ovdtfdap *x** xqurp ovu 
xaxov, ovx* dyct&ov. Jib Xiyti bgyifcouwog 6 Ux*X- 
Xsvg ' - - 

'Htiufpsv klip yag q?$t yig<*g» avxbg aitovgag, " 
Kul, 

c Slatl xvp drifitjTov jttravaoup • 
mg did tavxa ogyt&pitvog. ITgoayxup d* oXovxm, 
noXvvgfa&xivnbxfav fftropmp xaxd yixog, uati dv- 

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RH E TO RIOA, U3. II. CAP. II. 71^ 

vmpm, *ai &qM%i* t *alpl*g iv $ & p *«vtm vntQexu 
woXi' olov iy 'x9W a v** p rtovwoenirnw *alir 
ttf ltyetv $tjT0Qtxo<;, t #dvy<*Tov nntlv % xa* aqx^tUQ- 
Xojiwv' xt*\ agxst* a£iQ$ olo^tyag t TQv aQZwd-cu-uU- 

. Oupo? & ftfyagirtl 3ta*Q#piw> Paadiiwr. 
Kal, x 

- *AlXa yt %cft pvtQtmo&sr e#« %qzqv> Sip fa rtlsoofl v 
ihyopaxTeverfap dut pqv viu$ axy*. ?En, vq? mprtg 
oXtteu evnaaz*** $&»* «.ovoidi aVw, ovg tv mnoit)- 
xtr, fjnout, ij avTog, •? «fF qwrov **f, fjdt avrav, § 
(fottlnm, ij ij$ovkii&fj. Ctomqo* ovpix xovxtav ydtj, 
Ttw^V Bxorttg oq/i^ov%m^ avtol,xalitoi,mcl dta ndta- 
Avtei fiiv yrnq, oia$ Xvnttvraf icpUxfiu, yaq nvog> o 
hmtivfttvog* Sop t* .*«*' ev#va>ft/a? ow avjixgovp 

T«vto ?<*/#»«* irtttd?** *«J a*w. camstQaviy rtg, 4J» 
T^fir} ovpurpctTtTjr l&vxt alio rt tojrAjjf ©w«f ^foyior, 
* rife n&ani if fd8na+. 4ti K&prorug, nzvopevot, 
fymwg f ity&rwy&tos4n^povrTt9,x&}pj) xotoq- 
&ovrte$i tyfifa'vhri&iA ewrapo^ijTO** fiiXkmm fri* 
n$og tovg rci^a^avtag oliy^ovvxag : ©lor, xaftvav 
ptV) Tcntg nfbg tip'rowm* nwiftsrog di, io1f*?o?Tjjx 
ntotiaw* ffoiquw^e/rolg w|pi$ ?w raolfpw* tym> Si, 
tetg 1*$** *w*«f«*tt * off(U»gSi nalr&g Slloug- n(M>o+ 
&j&t£tttt?wf hewttovyqog w* ixaoTro o^/V; «9ro 
,*av todfXGHtoXna&ovg. ^ ^jBr* % iar T«yavriet ivxp 
nQ*irihxcp*voe •- fomtikyi? pfi&lo* ™ »•** 7ia^a $o~ 
tot, »W«f sjm&t^m to Trpiir jw^« io|a>», iay y«r^- 



, y Google 



n ARISTOTBLIft 

&iou$ 9 nal f)U*lcu at tovxvtp <pmr*Qo\, ndkutbnivqtok 
nobg Iqyrp" **l note, x«J nov • nal Zu, ott paXXov 
fr tovroig jual> pSXlor *ai timhfpof avtol pa* *vw 
ovtag szorttf ttmfrfitoi nqbg oqytiv. *Oqfitov%u* 6i 
toig ts naraytX&iH, xal jpUvcffowf, x«2 <jxwwt<W(W - 
ipoltovo* yiq. ► 2C«1 to*$ *« YouwTer filajrrovoiv, 
oca vfiomg <ryp&(* • avaptij di roiavia thou, a pyx* 
irtl two;, jhJ* «?&<pa tolf icotovviv • qf6>f 709 flo- 
«£ $* v/ty*?. Kal xoig naxmg liy&V0ir+ nal *«f aqpfO- 
rovo*, ire?} a ai/xoifiaJUara <r7rovda£ovw * olo*, o* 
M fuioaoqp/p qpfJUTtpovptttM, Ifcy t#$ **? xijryiioao- 
9>/a»f oi ft 6r2 * J Idia, mint %%g «if w vteav ipoimg 
Si ««i Ivi xmn alXt&. Tavxm 6* nv^UUp potto?, lav 
«9ro9ifiv<mo> pi} vitiqzuv avxdig, q oX<ag 7 qpi\ *o*v- 
f»ft ^ pif dox&p. 'Emtio* 8e oqpotya otwxcu vnaQ- 
%n* <r xovxotg fr 0I5 gJHOTToyr a t» . ov woj*/£owi» 
Kal xo7g<plXoK pallor* n xoig pi qpftotf* tfovrat 
yap nooaqnu* pailov im axrut* $v mgogMy* n pn* 
Kal to« g u&wpirotg **p$*, i q>Q4*xi£f&> 4a* nab* 
pi Qvtwg optimal* nal yaq vnb xovx** oTorwuJW*- 
tpoowua&at* xairta yiq ay 7tpt&* • nai^xoig pi &5K- 
notovotv w, prfik rip faijv w>xavQ&t&ao&. Kal to— 
vonrtia notovour avroig, 4&* tjttovg £o* m *ataif>QW&' 
yaq nantg ol xoiovxot awbovta* •" »«t o* jur, «•$ i|»- 
*»*iw- oi d* Ag na$ faawr* - . Km tpZc ^ ^oV2 

4 °f^^ Y ^ lUymolag, nobg tovg pn^os^Morxag* 
nooorjx9$ tescOg yrtoat, pi oXiy*Q&. Tt&g 8i 9J- 
loig, iap Tt pi w tfymawp tj notAai * . nal h$ pail&r, 
iiy t&vankr nal iav pn aw&wwnakUoptom** &*- 



, y Google 



RH£TOftI€A.Llfe. II. CAP. II. 73 

«r«p o Idruq&vtog JtXifivJtnog t «f MtXtdyqta • oJU/w- 
p/a^ yap, to ptj aLs&dyfr0cu, oiftttioy* ay y»^ ppoy- 
itiofitr, ov Xav&dvtt. Kal tolg irnxuigowH ratg 
an/*/<**£' *al olios, w&Vftovptoois to raig iavttby 
arvjlatg • V yao Ijftyoti, if ofc/wpowrof atjfietoy. Kal 
toi$ prj (poorrftovwy, ibp'Xvnjja&of $ib xal rots *a+> 
*a dryyiXlovmy hgyKortm. Kal idig rj ctxovovoi nnoY 
pvtim>, y d-mpirotg ta ait&yopavXa*huotoiyaQ tlatv 
jj oXtywqovaty, q Ijy&pofe* of yio qplXot oyyalyovot* 
&twperot di . fa oht&a (pc&Xa ndrteg alyovaty. *Eth 
io%g oXiywoo$oi nobs nirtt, noog ovg (piXoufiovncu, 
nobg ovg &avpd{ov9ir f vq> toy flovkoyra* &av/td&- 
o&ai, noog ovg aioxfamrttu, fj to iolg alaxvyoutootg av- 
iovg* to toinotg idy xig oXtyatoti, ooylCortat paXXoy. 
Kal vols tig va toiavxa oXtymoofoty, vnio £y avioig 
aloxgbv py fhvi&ifr* oloyyoviig, timet, yvvdlxag\ 
aDtffptoovg* Kal xoig %doiy firj anoStdovai • mxQct to 
nfoerjuoy yao 1} oXiyttota. Kal tot? tlqajvevofitootg, 
iKfbg anovdd%nnag • nataipooyfftmiyyao rj uqmvda. 
Ka\*o%$ *t&y aXXm si noiytetoig, Sv fiii xal avttov • 
xal yao tovto naiafp'oorritUt'oy, to fty ahovy>&yndv- 
ia$, xal uvtw. Jloifftmcy 4 3 ooyfy *<*t*tXylh)* 
oloy nail t&y ayopatw oloa naoa ptxoov oXtywolag 
yao do* & Haiti Xtj&ti ety&oy $fya*«foi ipiXtiaypip 
yda f/ Xy&fi yiyyttai* 4} & apileta, oXtyaola iotty* 
0\g ato ov+AoyKoytai, ««2 wg fronts, *al 3ti nota 9 
apa tiofira*. Jrfloy $* ig Mot ay aitiy naraentva- 
fay ty kiryq roiovrovg, ofat oyt%g ooyllng ?/ow«, 
nal i*i$ toartlovs tovtwtoizovg oW«c, tip olg lg~ 
yKoyrahnaltotohavg,ohHgdoyitorta$. 

, " ibyV^iO( 



74 . . : , ARlSTQTJELIS 

CAPUT' III, ,/. ? ~* 

*V* boyif no(fQXH\i, Xq**io& n&e *Xoyji$ nqaoi dq^ 
xul itqbg thing poquag frow^ *al dwily&y nqavvoy- 

yqg. JEi qvv 6tyl£o9TW tqIq, oXiyto^ovair^ oXiy&qia 
94 ivtiv frovoiov, (pavegov qti xal toig /jtrjdh zovzwr 
noiovaiyj y dxovoUtg noievew, y q>jpti*4>pivotg toiov- 
toit, npioi ««»• v iT«J* tolg ravartia* w inoiri&uv, 
fiovXofi&oig • xal qooi x<xl avtol dg aytovg Toioyzoi* 
oydslg yao aviog avjov dox& oXiytaqtiv. Kal roig 
bpoXoyovoh *«» pfTttyuXopivoifi' ig /ap^rom? 3<~ 
wqv to Xvnuo&cu hil tolg ns7t9iiif*ivoig,nctvoyTai xijf 
bayqg. Zitfiuiov de inl tiqg T«5r otxfrw* xoXaotwg • 
tgvg (ib yog apv&vp&wvg *<u wriXiyorsag , paXXot 
xqX6£o/aW na.bg ds jpvg bpoXoyovrjag dutcUttg xoJUx- 
&o&cti f nuvope&u dvfjwvpwQk. . JZu ox $j in ipat- 
ozvyxiu, to tu 99x90a &qvuq$o* • y d' iv«tg%vpria, 
vXiyaola xal x#T<*<jp$oyij<ws * mx yovr naXv xmaqpoo- 
vovfiw, ovx oiaxwofctday \jKa* to%£ Ton*uvoyfmK>ig 
nobg avxovg, xbl j*h mvTuXiyvtw (p/uivovr.cuyaoQfio- 
Xoyuy flfrov* tlvarol £ faovg, vpfiovrwi • <jpo/3ov- 
ptyog di ovdtk J^foytfv *Qr* &py0ff Tov$*to7tu- 
vqvfiixopg Jtav*T&i,ii ©^i r .*«fc«£ xv+egJyXpvoiP, oy 
daxvovxpg Toy^xjtdi&wg., JCai ic*$ anovditovG* 
ngbgTovg onQv$*tQpTtxg: 6jex£ yif Qnotfi&g&ai, 
al£ <ov x«?«^w'W*<¥> *&<& tQl$iisltf»*xq[*Q*- 
opdvoig' xalioig dtyfibxn^xa* n(*Qaq*vtfiyoig' xa- 
nu»oT$Qoi y£o,» s #*l %&w % vfaMfi*%$* w$i xitva- 
axaig, ^d m ohy^ofg, nHWtfm>$M*>9WW*<>v$i 

.Digitized by VjOOfflC 



RHET0RICA.L1B* II. CAP. III. 76 

{j ftri tig tOKwrot*, ofo/ xtQ avvol. ? 0*** ? & "rav 
bartfav d& inonuv ra itgavruxa. Kal •£* : <p*Pov*- 
%tu noil vloxvvortiH* *mg yaq av ov*«K Ijwtti', «v« 
ogyiZovxai,- AMpcttvv yag, Spa wfl&ttoujtal ogyl- 
fa&a*. ' \Kal toiq di* igyip nwqww, n ovt.ogyl- 
Jbira*, ij yrtov ogy%ovtaf ov y aqti ikl^ic&y*i~ 
voriamga^at' ov&fc yag •W*t * f W oi^*ftI' 1| 
/«Jy y«? ihpight, #taiot* 4 *' ©fri* f«*« Avarijs. 

itog t$ oQyi&q&cth %'OWJrffto/ti(i(r 0IW fr 

x™x}},*«i ivilntd* bMixti. "£n w^Wi * «* 
ji? &ro>o« tJ o^J «>• nuvuyagogynyh **oy<*. 
Zfafo* M k«J 4W?ov ofrf» M«®», %**** «\ itu ' **" 
90tfa« rl/juogla ngottgoK dtb «« <M*«f«w|* «T 
nono; two& iQytZoptodv tov $i}fiov, t/ ovx awoio- 
yjj; oS**/*, M ' «*** ww/ oW aUo* Wb to*p* - 
p'lrjftiroy. ngttto yag ylyvonm, otardg*Mww* 
Zoyriy&vaXt&awoi*- olor <jvvi(h M 'JEgyoy&y ' /*«X- 

To'XattMJ^ifytW tg itgougala x<rt*?*«w'«* fmtmw. 
Kal iav n<ain, x«l iav fOOfiv *«*** jwi^kj^ 
* of ogyttftitw Ufaa* Si>* &mtg y*Q «*W«*«* 
tipiif far oJtorcw. X«5 <** «*«** <>&»*«* *?"•> 
. x«l &*«to ntizt** oj> yiyrnat y*9 n *&**** ™ 
dixatov<ovyagtn nag*™ ngDOtpw •Torw w«*w • 
4 & if?* to^to ^ Jkitf tin M ^woXaft**' • 
iyuvtanwnn yiffaw* nolu&f*** x«i el *w*«* 

Digitized by GoOgle 



n ARIStOTELIS 

&vj? Sp fna&ov fi fag oQyq, w* ua&Jnetoto* Am* 
MfXov 8' i* xov bgiopov. Jib ig&ws nmolrixtu* 

<flatf#a* '00tMraJjj« nioli7iog&ov • 
o>? ov TW/iwoij^ofc «« ^ jju&tro «*£ iff ov, *al 
oW otov. Jiart ovrt to* j cuUot?, 000* py-aladji- 
vorrcti, oqyJZovxai* ovv9to%gt$4httHri*h*,£siuuoir<- 
&6oi Ti to So/oro?, «a) ov* ilyyaovow, ovd 9 aiofhj- 
vofiivoig, ov ol ogyitofiero* Syltrtuu Jib si ntgl 
tovIExtooov o flrosiytq?, nowa* (hvXbfuyos TwI^fti- 
Jlia tifr ooyifc Tf^ywiof * 

Kvxprp yaq dfj ytuar au*i£n ftwuUmp. 
Jtjlov Qvr,fat*<foxaTanQawuv(hv%Qpi90te,i* tov- 
tw tw* tonw JUxrloy * avtov? pfr *rap aaxevatoua* 
tomwtovg • oI$ d' O0yi?o»*«<, $ yo/fcpovf, 1} a*o/v- 
*ijC atfovg, 17 xt/aptaperovft i] axoif «v # *? wrtf«iyovr- 

CAPUT IV. 

TVycfff M 9>ilo«ai» ««} purovoi, ual hi ti, tnv 91- 
*/a*xa* To.qpxJUJ* doMNxptxoi, Xiypp$p. "Eoju dy to 
ifiXfiv, to povXto&ai *m, oft* a* aya&i, tafrov 
fysxa, atta fiij avfov, xa* to xata dvxa/ujx Kpaxrt- 
xix «Ixwi tovww. ^0£lo( 0* AitJx qpUcw xai axr*- 
yilov(i$*oe* Ofoxro;* d* 9A0* t7xa*> oS oSraif «fr«y .• 
oloptxo* frooc aMijJovc 7b«t«y tit vnoustpiimv, N 
aW;*^ (pftor thai tor 9itrrid6tttv&vj6igaya&dl$,nal 
cvvaXyowna Joig Ivmfgatc, (**) dii tlhtgov, alii ©V 
ixfivor. I\y*Ofim*uv yig iy (hvXopta*, xaigown 
nartng* %&* hwnUa¥ di t 3.vnovvrcu* Son tijs /Joviij- 
ato»; arjfUlov, at kvnai ual at ifiwaL Kal olg jjdy 
Ttffe* dym&i ual nana- mal oi rife afa<ug qfiXo*, ual 



, y Google 



RHETORICA. LIB. tL CAP. IV. Ti 

oltoig avxoig ix&ool* xavxi yia xovrotg /fovle- 
o&at wayxr), "jlott into avxto, xal aXXtp (tovXo- 
ptfog, rovnp <palv$xai epilog tlvai. Kal toig Trcmw?- 
xoxag rt>> ydovotv, fj avxoig, ij £p xydovxar qitpf- 
yaXa, rj ti noo&vuwg, $4v toiovroig xxtigolg, xa\ av- 
xS*v Ivtxot • ij ovg &v oXtavtai povXw&at notffo $v, Kal 
xovg twv (piXtoit qpiXovg, xal xovg <piXovvxag ovg avtol 
qpiXovai • xal toig fpiXovuhovg ino xw* yiXovfiivw 
kavroig. Kal rovg voZg avxoig izfyovg, xal ptoovr- 
tag ovg avxol fuaovai, xal rovg uioovpirovg vno tot 
iavtolg pioovfiivmv • naoi yag xovioig ti avxa aya- 
&a<(pab*rai elvcu, xaiktvtolg* Ooxt fiovXeo&cu ti 
aitdig iya&i' omq ip xov qpiXov. *Et*tovgtvitoiii* 
xtxoitg 8igzQ*ij*<na xal pig ovni\olavr 6\b xovg flUtf- 
dtqiovg xal xovg irdodovg xqt&ot. Kal rovg total- 
ovg m xoioixovg d* vnoXa^arovai,xovg py if Mom? 
H&rtacg* xotovxoi &i, ol ino xov ioya&o&ar xalxov- 
%w y ol anb ytwo'yiag* xal t&v aXXmp ot aitovgyol 
udXtoxa. Kal toig arnqpoovag, in ol* S&utoi' -xal , 
xovg angdyfiovag, Sta to (tvtL Kal olg flovXofu&a 
cplXok d*cu, iav tyaivtovtou flovXoutyoi* Iftrt W rot- 
ovtot, ofx* aya&ot xaxa aonrp, xal ol rfdoxipoff 
iy naoup, r\ iv xoXg /foUArroKj 4} h rotg &ttvuatoai+ 
po'tg in avx&y, ij to xdig davpatovoi* avxovg, Eti 
toig yStig owdutyayuv xal owdtiiutQtvaai 9 xowvxoi, 
d* oi AxoXoi, xal pii iXtyxxixol t&v auaoxavoabmr, 
xal ftij q>iXop$t*o$ f uiidi dvoioidtg. Hartsg yig ol 
roiovxoi paxuxtxol* ol di paxoutvoh xvtparxta tpat- 
. vortcn, (lovXeo&a*, Kal ol imdfaoi, x al ty tm&adat, 
xalxy vnopifraf inl tavxa yag ifKfoxtooi ontvtiov- 



78 , . m AJUSTOTELIS 

aixtpnXrioiqv dvmptyoLxe axmrao&ai, xalippt- 
x hag axwTtxovxsg. Kal xoig ttawovvxag xd vTutgzoyxa 
qya&a, xak xovtuv pdltaxa, a (po@ovv.tai pfrvjidg- 
Z*ip avxoig. Kal xovg xa&agtiovg nsgl oipiv, mgl 
i^ntxoyrit^ntql oXorxhv fiiov. Kal xovg py oveldiaxdg, 
vqxi x&y apagxtipdxfay, pyxs tmv cvsgytxiipdxuy 
apq^oxegoi ydg ileyxxixoL Kalxovg p^pyqatxaxovg, 
§tfjde qpvXaxxixovg x&v iyxXypaxtoy, aXi' ivxaxuXXd- 
-itjovg* oTovg yag ay vnoXdpuoiv elvat ngog xovg al* 
Xovg, xal ngog avxovg oYovxai. Kal xovg pq xaxo- 
loyovg, ptjdi eldoxag, pqxe xa xojv nXyowv xaxit, prpt 
%a avxay, dlXa xit dya&d' o yag aya&og xovxo dga. 
Kal xovg prj aruxdvevxag xolg 6gyt£op£yotg, r otiqv- 
dd£ovai \pajpjxixol ydlg oi toiovtol. Kal xovg ngog 
avxoig onovdaiag vwg txovxag • oXot daiipufcoyxag 
avxovg. Kal anov&aiovg vnoXappdvoviag* Kal 
Zaigorxag aixo7g. Kal xavxa pdXiaxa nmor&oxag, 
negl a paXurta poviorxai, avxol ij &avpa&0&a*,. i} 
anovdcuoi doxur thai, ij rjug. Kal xovg bpolovg, 
xal xavia imiTidtvovTag , £p py nagtvozk&ot} piflk 
: o3to xavxov po fiiog m yiyexai yag ovxta to, xtga- 
$itvg xsQctpu. Kal xovg x&y avxay imdvpovrxag, 
&y irdiztjat apa pexizw avxovg * tl di p\ xavxa xal 
ovxta avppqiru. Kal ngog ovg ovxatg szavoir, £axe 
pn aloxj>v*o&<H xi ngog doiar, pq xaxaygovovrxtg. 
Kal ngbg ovg alvzvvovxa* xd ngog aXq&eiav. Kal 
ngog ovg yiXoxipovyxai, ijf wp' £y CyXovo&at fiovXov- 
rai, xal py y&Qv&a&ai, xovxovg ij opdovaiy, % /fou- 
loyxaiyikoi thai. Kal dig $v xdyq&d avpngdxxa- 
oir, day pi pillp avtolg wea&ai peifa xaxd. Kal 



, y GoqgIe 



RHETGRICA. LIB. IL CAP. IV. 70 

tolg'hpolag xal toig jiaonvg xpi wig frooopra?. 91* 
love* • 5io xal Tovg< «*g* tovg je&yt&xas towvtovg 
nums yiiovoi. KaioX&e rovg oqpotya ytXoyiXopg, 
xal jttf 4yxaTaX$i7iwt*g • paXtota ya$ ydQiot %&v 
uya&mv vovg <pduy dyu&ovg- Jfrrl join 414 7i\ai- 
topirovg n$6g aiiovg\ wovto* d* xal ojxa yavXa 
t« 1&VTV& Xiyonig • tfo^Ta* 7 op, ■ (in nq&g rovg <pf~ 
lovg to: »p©f tfofa* 011* amxvr6p§d , a * 4 wr q a*a/v- 
vopsvog fit} (piXfi, i pi ctlaxwQutvog tpdovru totxt. 
• XorJ to&$ pijqnfttqovg, *ai olg OagQivpav • ovfofc 
yap oy xpoPuTcUt <pd&. JEXfy diqujjjug, kuuoiot, 0*- 
xuotifr, ovyyivtict, xal Sou tOMvztx. tfotyuxi di 
<p*X£*g 9 X<*Q*9r *a* to /*4 dcq&iytog noi%Qtu t xal to 
noiyaavxa py dijltaactf «v?ot) yip ot/t«tf «««« qp«f- 

ySTfff, Xflrf OV <dl ftttQO*.- - J1*0* 6* */#?(*£ Xf&TQV ft** 

aefr qpeyroar, a>g ix v»f itrnnlw* ,d& &iw%tl*. J7o*if- 
*isa 3i sx&Qag, 09/7, iawpwipos, fo&fioXri. *Oo/^ 
piv ovr 4<nlr ix %Snr nqbg kavtor • 6X&Q<* $* *<** 
£y*v r&* ngig havxiv •• dtv yaq vJsoXajkapBV ci- 
ra* TO*oV<ftt, ptoovpiv. JCaJ q pivoQ/n &*l n*~ 
QlTttxet&ixfXQTa' oh* KmXXty 4j JfcutQ&ui' to M 
/rifro; xal naog ta j^rq •• to* /if nb'flTfpr ptcrc* ««1 
tip ovxo+arrtp Ixaorof. Xai to pi*, *kto* #00** ' 
to d\ aviator. KttV h per tov Ivnqo** ¥««"' 5 
M tov xax&rat p«lAo». Aia&ia&akyciQ (tovXtivi, o 
oQf&opsvQg • t« #, owfeV faqpeoet. *iirr« M Ta /i«y 
Itw^pff, ttlor^ifrflf frarva r ia Si palunu xmby ^p»- 
ot« ■ otlo&qza, idixia xat\ «<jppoa w«ij * ov^iy y«^ 
iv7r«2 ^ nafovoia tqg xaxlag. Kat to /i<y ^era iv- 
iri;tf- Tod% ov ficvr Xvut#. € Q ph yotq ogyitopwag, 

_ Digitized by GoOgle 



flO " ARIST0TBLI8 

- Xvn&tai* o di atom*, ©v. Kal o air, noXXiv or ft- 
vouirmr, Itafttiep* © M, ov$**6g. *0 ak> yag, a*- 
T0ra£tf* fiovUtcu, q» ogyi£*ta$ • "• $», pij «?«w* 00- 
ytpo* ovr 4* voir**, oxtfrdexnwix&gov* *al<plXavs t 
nttl orrag anofotuvvrai, nalpy ortag noi&r, xeil qpa- 
onortUg dutivttv, »a*ij di ogyyp y b*i *z&gav auytofhi* 
tovrvag, 4<p oniftig up ngoaigijftal 1%, a/sir. JTbtct d* 
q>opovv?a*,%al \bag> xainmg icorrtg ,^lbw*y awooV. 

CAPtT V. 
*£<nto dy q>6pog, Xvny «* $ xagotxh* ** <pana- 
oleic uiXXovtog ttaxov, Ij <p&agti*ov, 1} kvuygov* 
Ov yag ndyxa xa xaxa (pop&xw ©lor, u t<mu *&- 

» v fto? ij flgadvg- dl£ Sooty Xvnag uoyaXag, fj q&oga$ 
bwaxai • nal tavxa, ay aij noffim, iXXa avptyyvg 

-."•tpalvifrm, Sort uiXXuv xa yog nogjn oyodga, ov 
(popovrrai. "loaoi fao nuvttf , on ano&ayovmai' 
aiX* ©ti ov* iyyvg, oidh 4pgorxi£ovoa'. £* dy o <po- 
fiog tovt Sorb, dvayxif xa xotavxa yofitga slrai, oca 
yalrera* dv*auw X%W9 utyaXqp xov <p&slgstr, y fiXa- 
mttv pXaffag, dg Xvnyp (uyaXtp ovrtUYOVoag. Aw 
aalti oyaua xw xoiovxa* <po(bga 9 iyyig yog awl- 
vziai to <po(hgov xovto yog ion ulrtwog, yofisgov 
nXyotaouog. Totavxa ds, fy&oa u nal ogyq dvra- 
fUvwf notify ti • dyloy yog, on flovXortat t» nal M- 
rayrcu - <w<m ^7^ ewr* xov notifr. Kal iHmia dv- 
*auw tyovoa* t$ ngo**Q£io&ai yagh a&ixog>adixog. 
Kal agnq vflgfioufrii, dvvauiv fyovoa • dyXov yog, 

- ou ngoaigitxat u&,J>xav iflgiSyxai, ad, ovratm di 
pvv. KaltpojSog t&v dwautowv xlno^om* kf na- 
Q*o*ivji yag avayxtj slra* u *al toV towvtok *£nt$ 

Digitized by CjOOQlC 



RHETORICA. LIB. II. CAP. V. 81 

d* ot noXXol x^fovg not yttovg tov xtgdahw, ual 
dtilol h ta%g xwdvyotf, qtofiegby ig inrtonoXv, to iii 
iXXta aviop *??«*• ^Jlatt ol oyyttdattg nntcuptou ^l 
oWov, yofisgol, r\ xatun&y,% i/xcttaXin&y; Kalol 
dvmptvoi adix&r, iel toig dvyaftiyotgadtx&atiarig 
fif inlrb noXv adtxovaty ol ar&gtmot, otavdvytyy- 
%au Kal ol qdtxfjpiro*, ij yofil(oyttg iimfiobw 
id yao ttigovat nato6y, Kal ol yduttixoteg, iaydv- 
vapw %xwn 9 <poft$gol, dtdtottg to amna&sir • vnbttno 
yko to totovto yofegov. Kal of w aitw iytaym- 
wunal, Saa fty Mixnat, Ipa vnagxny apo)diy • ill 
yao noXspovot ngog totovtovg* Kal ol totg xgtk- 
toatyttiray (poftegol, xal avtotg <po fagot • ftaXXoy 
yao iy ovvatyto flXajttny avtovg, t) toig xgthtovg; 
xal ovg yo/Mrtat ol xgtlttovg avr&v, but iaito. 
Kal ol roig ijttoaiy ait&y imn&epivof rj fag jjo>j 
ajo/kgol, jjj avty&ivtsg. Kal wy ydixtifiiyan * xal 
ix&Q*>rJj artinaXtn'yOvx ol i$6&vuoi *alit*$famaot*- 
xol, al£ ol ng<ju>t xal tfgtoytg xal narovgyot • Sdqlot 
yog, -%\ fyyvg* Sat ovtenott yavtgol, on noffm, 
Haytof di tot tpofaga arofitgpitiga, oaa, ayapagtm- 
atv, txarogSi&aniT&ai un ir/Mxerat, aXX* tj oXng adv- 
yata, n^i<P tonolg, alt M totg draft faig. Kal 
my fto^&ttdt ph tiolr, q py j?dtftf. *Jlg d* SmULg 
*htfir,<pofoga tatty, oaa kf frigmy ytyyofuya JyftA* 
Xorta, iXtttrd Art*. Ta ph ovy yofaget, xal a 90- 
fiovyteu, ox$8by, &g untlv, tit piytota tavti tatty * 
ffc W Sittxtlptyoi aitol qjoftovytat, rvv Uyvpty. JB* 
df( tatty fpofldg ptt& ngoodoxlag tov mlota&vl t% 
tpdaotmby n£&og t qnarsgoy <rn ovdtlg tpofiutat i&p 
Ariit. Ruet. F 

; - ' Digitized by GoOgle 



62 ":* • ARISTOTELIS' 

tiopirw pffier Sf ita&ur, ovSixavta £ pi? otorm 
mt&$#, ovM xoitovg vtf Sntpy oTortai, ovditon 
oft pi otorrcu. 'Arayxtf xoitvr q&fteia&di xoig oio- 
. fdpovg xl na&Hp «r> xal xovg vni xovwp, xalxyvra, 
' xal x6 tb. Oi* otopxmdt na&ur £p,: ovct o* iv ew- 
xvxitug p$y^mgorffg t no^dQxovpxtg M vfiowxel, 
.«<£ hllyvooh *al&Qao&$' n*uidixQ*ovxovg nlovzig, 
«ftW, jreivptl/ff, Hvvetfiig • ovi t o* f ^ *ww*Mw» 
rofuSorrtg xi d$wa, »<*l imyvypsm nyis xo ftiXlor, 
Santo oi Su%*xvp**»itip&oi rfin* iili d&xtp* Hiti- 
, £<i vowo* uux^giag, nsoi o* iytpma* ammo* 6i* 
i yao <f>6fog fiovXevTixovg noul* xaixo* ovidg (tot- 
Ixvtxat nsol xmp iptknloxta*. -. "SUna $£ xoiovxov; 
nafctoKtvafav, Stop p (Uluop xi qtQp&o&ai aviovg, 
ot* xauAroi tfoy oloi na&H* •• *a* yaf^Uot pzl£ov$ 
tita&or ' xo* xovg ipoiovg duxrvvai Tria&xxag i}««- 
nop&oxag, xml ino xovxwr vq? tap ov% taovxo, xal 
xavxtt, xal xot* Su ovx yorto. °Em\ 6* ntol <po(kv 
qtarsoov, xi &n» xal mql xmp <po(lsQt*P r xal &g fxa- 
OTQisxorreg dedlmu, yaptfop & xovxap, «a* xo #«$- 
Iftp t{ Am xa* rapi nofa'&pQQaXioh xal **£$&«*»- 
(tspoi &a4jaki<H ual' io > xt yj*& ytaQOog bowk* *£ 
qop'/% xa} to &aq$aXiop ?$ qpopepp* &r« pttb.yctth* 
xaqiag ^ ifarfc *jw 001^/uyav rfjyvf Oftf/ftpr, way 
tie <poffiQ&r i} ,ji£ opxtap, % Ttoqfra Spxwr. *£on 
di &tt$$aXitt f xa xtduva noq^ta opxa x xalxafd-aQ^a- 
Xiotjiyyug. KcubiavoQ&taQug iav woh*** fioti&suu, ^ 
^toilitfi, J fitydXcti, $ Spq>ta. KaX fifos rfftxiifuyot, 
f*i}tt ^otijxoT^^ waiy. 'Avxaywutxal xt , ij, ^ ohk^ 



, y Google 



RHETOBICA. LIB. U CAP. TI. 83 

jto** Jjf rtiftotijxoitg wip tv, 1} nmw&StH* *U tin 
nXdovg whp olgtavta ovfupign, q XQ$ljtovg,q apupv, 
Avtol fr ovttag cfcoj*;?,, &a$$ukio* ualp* tip ftoXXi 
%ar<og&mxb>ai oi'mrtau, xal pifn$7tQP&ipa$* *Hl£* 
aolidxig &t}Xv&6tss wnv tig ti fowa, xal $iaj&- 
qxvyoTtg- foxug yag ana&ug yiypoptahd av&gait^h 
1} t£ pri nmuQUod-ui, % tw fioi}&eiag Ifcw mansg h 
xcZg xara &aXartap xipdvpmg, o% tt aTzugoixuptovag, 
$atQ$ovot t« n&iortcf xal oifloi}$tiag txovxtg, $w 
typ ipnuqlap, Kal Stop tolg bpoloigpf} q yofitybp, 
prflk rblg inrtoot, xal iv xgtixrevg oXovtmAvai • oi'ov- 
tai de, £p xexf anjxaao'j ij avx&p, ij xip xquxxopwp, 5jf 
tip opoltov. Kal tip inaqxup avxolgofmpxawUlm 
xal (tU£»> olf insgixovxtg, qtofltgoi tlar xavxa ^' 
fori, nXy&og /WpaTur^Ka) loxvg ouytaxw, xal <pi- 
W, xal £«?«?» *«* twv^o? niXtpop naqaaxiviv, 
Snaa&p, iqxip ptylaxmp. Kal lap pi yfaxyxtng 
ww, ij u*flira\ fj pti'noUoig, jj /^ toiovjovg, mgl 
up <po(favpxai+ Xal oXwg$ op xi ngog &*ovg ait dig 
xaXtog izy> xi, xi aXXa, xal xa dno amu/w xal Xq- 
yluip • &ag(aXiop y&Q % ooyn 9 xb di pn adixuy, all' 
adin&G&ai, oqyfig noiqxixoy xb da &eiov vnoXap$£- 
pwta* (toiftup tolg adtxovpivotg. Kal Stop ngom^ 
ZeiQOVPttg,- \pr\tkv ap na&eip, pride miata&ai, 1} 
xonoq&uouv ofavtai, Kal mglpip rip tpoptgip xal 
&a§£aXiuv tfgrjxai* 

CAPUT VI. 
Hola di aloxvvovxai, xal' dvaioxvvrovoi , xal 
ngog xlvag, xal nwgJxorng, ix \wfa dqXop. if £qxta 
dq aiaxwn, Xvnti tig xalxagaxi negl xit stg adotfap 

F2 

Digitized by GoOgk 



84 " ARISTOTELIS 

qxHtopmri* tpiqu* xSyxax&y t i} naqortw ,% ytyoyi- 
%my, if ptlXonetr* % H d' avaioxvrtia, oUymqia tif 
xal ana&eia mql ti avta tavtal JBt ftj cow ai~ 

, flStwiy h OQUj&sioa, avaptrj ataxvvw&at fth in* to*? 
totovroif'T&y xaxwv, a doxel alaxqi sly at avr$ t y 
my (pqovtlCn * totavta d* iotly> ooa inb xaxlag tqya 
knly otoy, anopaXiiy aaniSot $ oyvy&y • anb SetXiag 
faq* xal to anootsgijaai naqaxata&rjxqy • a» a&- 
*fa$ ^a^. JC«* to ovyysyio&ai xHg ov del, ijonov oi 
&&, % t>« fi^ fle?" an* axolaolag yaq. Kal to *so- 
Halvuv aid putQoy, ij a^ro aiajpwy, 1} an* advyatm, 
*xloy nzv-i\Twv JJ T*#yewTaii'- o^«y xal % naqoipla, to, 
*Sy ano vttcQov <f>9Quy anb aiaxqoxtqdlag yaq xal 
iy&ev&tqlag^ Kal to py po^iiy, 'dwafityoy, *U 
Xgriftata, fj r\itoy (ton&uy ' xal to flori&slo&ai jraoa 
t&y ffttoy tvnoq&y. Kal tiavd&o&ai, ots b*6$u ai- 
%iiy % xal airuv, oie inanity* xal inattuv, ott at- 
T«7r* xal inaivi~y,Xv* Soty altuv xal to anormvxnr 
xota, ptjdiy ynoy * nana yaq aytltv&sqiag tavia 

, arista, To £« htaiy&y naqorta, xoXaxziag • xal 
to jaya&cc fiir vntqtnaiyuy, ta Si (pavXa ovvaXdyztv, 
xal to vmqaXyuy in aXyovvth* xal taXXa nana ooa 
totavta* xoXaxhtag yaq arjpua. Kal to /*ij inoui- 
yeiy novovg x ovg oi nqtapittqoi, r\ of tqvq>$ryte$, 1J0S 
iy i$ovoi<x fiaXXov ones, t) oXag oi ativvanottoo*' 
nana yaq paXaxiag atifiua* Kal to vqf Uiqov tv 
naoxtty, xal to noXlaxig* xal, a 51; inolijotv, ovtiZi- 
ft iy • fuxqoifivxlag yaq nayta xal tanHyottjtog o"qutia. 
Kal to mql avfov Xdyeiy xat inayyilXta&at • xal to 
tcc aXXotqia, aitov (patixw aXa{ovtlag yaq* opofas 

Digitized )OglC 



RHETORICA. LIB, Ik CAP. VL $5 

to nal M tw *XXw ixotoxijg iw tov fj&ovg nmtwp 
xaeoya, xal xa uripsia, nal tit Spout* aleXQ* ?<*9 
xal aioxvrtftld. Kal inl xovxotg, to naXwp <ov n&v- 
xig*p$xdxovoip, y ol opoiok ndrtsg, j} ol nXuaxot, pi] 
ptxixnp* 'Opolovg oe liyto opot&pug, noXlxag, ijA*- 
xt*f, avyytrtig' okag trig it Toov aloxoip yao ij$j| 
co pit (ittixw cloy, noudsvastag inl xooovxop, nal 
twV allay opofag. Havxadi tavxa paXXop* ar dl 
lavxbv yalvfftai* ovxa yao ijf£^ «7ro tuning paXXop, 
a* avxogjj atxtog tSup imaolarxmp, i} vnaqxovxwf, q 
ptlXopxnv. nioxorttg to 9 $ nenop&oxtg, if nuooptpo* 
ti tQtuvxa,ai9xvvoy*<*h oaa tig axtpiapqpiou xal oVt£- 
£1?. Tfevra 6* forty, oot* tig vni}gsxT}oug % owparos 4 
toymr alaxo&p, top ioxt to vftoi&odcu* Kal tit pip} 
ug axoXaolap, nal Ixopxa Hal axopxa* tit di, tigpiap, 
axorxa* anb avaydolag yao ^ dediagf) vnopopy' xal 
to pi| apvpta&ai* "j. pip ovp aioxivopxa$ 9 tavxa 
tot* nal xa toiavta* 9 £n$l di-ntql adoSlag qtaptaala 
iaxlr tf aioxvvrj, nal xavxqg avriyfi £<*?"% ©Uia pi 
%&p aaopatpopxwp v ovdet? ot dcSq? q>oopt(£u, al£ % 
diet trig dotatoyxag • apdyxy tovxovg aloxvvtod'a^ 
£p loyop *xu. Aoyop to Ixn xw> &avpa£6rttop, nal 
rig &avpdfa, nal vq> ip firilexai &avpd£io&at, 
nal vqog rig (ptXoxtpslxai, nal up pi naxatpoopii tijg 
d&Sqg. Oavpd£e<jfrat pip ovv fiovXopxarino tovxwp* 
nal fravpdCovoi xovxovg, olsxovot n aya&bp twt*- 
plow • i? naj »r xvyxdvovoi feoptpoi qyodoa xtvog, 
£r inupot xvqiot* vlop ol io&pxtg* Qdoxtuovvxa* 
di nqog ioig opdlovg. Goovxitovok to 9 £g aXit&tv* 
qyxwv tip o)qoplpw toiovto* to, 04 xt nQt<j(tvx$QOi 

■ 



86 ARIST0TELI8 

xal dl mitcuSsvfiipoi. Kal xa h oop&alfuflgl xal xi 
Jryapaow* o&tr xal 1} nagoiuia, ~xo, i* otp&alfwtg 
AfUi ttidi. dva xovxo xovg atl naotoopivovg pal- 
lop woxvrorrai, xal xovg ngooixopxag avxdig, dtaxo - 
hf haftalpoXg apq>6x$oa. Kal xovg py ntol xavxa 
tooxovq • dtflop yag t on xapcnrrla 8oxu xovxoig. Kal 
xovg (it] ovyyytaportxovg Tolgyawoftfyoig apaatartiy 
S yao-xtg avxbg noiii, xavxa liytxat xolg nilag ov 
rtpwav wars a pi) nottlf dyXop ox* rtptotju Kal 
xovg hayyaXxutovg no llolg • oidk* yao Station py 
dbxiiy,jjpq ftayytXlttr. 'Mayytlxtxol8e,oix*tid]b- 
xypivot, 9ia xo Ttaoaxrjouv xal-oi xaxoloyoi* etWep 
yao xal xovg ph apaQxdpopxag,ftipallopx6vgapaQ- 
xavovtag. Kal olg ij diargifiyj inl xaig x&p nilag 
SpaQxlaig* olov,zlxvaoxaigxal xwpydonoioig* xaxo- 
loyoi yao. mog ovxoi, xal gayytXxixolr Kal iv olg 
atfiiv anorsxvxvjxaw Santo yitq &cevfia£6ftsroidia~ 
xuyxcii. Jw xal xovg noioxoy xt dtrj&irrag aiaxvpor- 
%a*, »g oyfev mo ydotyxoTtg h avxolg. Toiovxoi 6* 
01 xt aoxi (JovXopevot ylXoi tltat * xa yao fttlxujxa xt-i 
4>iavxaf bio tv ^fct i\ xov Evotnidov anoxqujtg^nqoq 
xovg JSvgaxovolovg * aalx&p ndlat ypwqlpm ol py * 
&iv owudoxsg. Aloxvpoyxai d* ov popop aixa xa 
fyl&irta aloxvrxT)Xa, alio) xal xa oypua ' oloy, ov 
flavor atpQodtmatopxsg, alia xal xa orjpeia avxov •. 
ual ov povox noiovrxeg xa aioxgm, alia xoH Xiyorxeg; 
'Oaofag Si aidi xovg tioijuipovg alozvpopxa* uopov, 
dlla xal xovg dr}l*o'oyxag avxdig * otop, &tadnopxag 
mal yllovgxovxw. "Olug d* ovx afaxvpopxai, ov&] 
ir noli xaxatpgovovot xq$ dotyg xov iltj&tvw ov-. 



RHETORIC A, LIB. 1L CAP. VI. 87 

delt yag natdla xai &tigla alax^vnav ovxi ra avta 
rovg yroaglpovgxal tovg ayp<oTag r alXaToi:gpt*pypt9- 
glpovg, %a ngbg alrt&Havtioxovriof tovg di Sno&ir,' 
ra ngbg top vo+ior. Avtol di &3* dtaxtlpipoi, al- 
oxvv&HSpXy ngmop per, tl vnaQXoit* ngbg mvtdvg 
iZQprtg ovtm nrig, ofovg scpaptv tlvcu ovg alax****** 
tta. *Hotxp di ovtoi, tf &avpatoptvoh v #««/»«&»'- 
«fc i} ^9* *°* (fovXoricii&avtitt&o&tti f ~Jj tovdio*-* 
tui TtvaxQtictVs £v pfj Trv$oyra» a5o£o» Srng. 
JCal ovrot, rj bg&pttg* &omg Kvtoag ntgl tijg 2atpov 
xlr\QOvxiag idrjpijyogriatp tjtlov yotg vnoXa/Sthnovg 
Id&tjvalovg, nsgnsnapaixixXto tovg v £3iXfipag, &g og&p-' 
rag y xal ptj pbpop axovoopivovg, £ av ytrjq>foan?tai m 
4j Sp nlyolop uaw ol toiovtot, «J p&XXatoip afotfijae- 
o&af die xal bgaa&ai awxovvxtg vnb tup CijAdvv- 
ttovnoji ov fiovloptaf^avpaatalyag oi Zr{Xmai. Ka\ 
Zftav ifrwffjy, a xortaioxvpovoip tgya xal ngaypata>$ 
taVT&y, % ngoySmv, ijf alitor tamp ngbg ovg vnagxu 
ttg uvtolg apxuntla* xalblwg, vnig a.y cuayvvovxat 
pnrtoi. Maid* ovtoi ol elgfipixot, xal ol tig avrovg 
&pua\igbptpoi 9 tap ddaaxaloi rj ovppovXot yiyopao*. 
Ka% &p whp hzgoi fyotoi, ngbg ovg auXotipovptar 
noXXa yig atoxvpbpspoi dia rovg totovtovg, xal not- 
ovet, xal ovnotovm. Kal p&lovtsg bgao&ai, xal h 
g>av*gip apaotgiq>so&ai tdtg ovvuSooip, aloxwrqlol 
paXXoP iloip* "O&ep xal'APTiq>&p 6 noirjtiig, piUcap 
awrvpnapl&o&ai lino Jiopvoiov, ihttv, iStbp tovg 
GVPaTtoxhtjoxtiP piXXopiag lyxalvnropivovg, &g jf«- 
- coy dia xtop nvlmy Tl iyxctlvnuo&B,e<pr}, % prjav- 
gwx tig {pig Tdg tovw*; JJ$gi ph ovp aUrxvp^g, 

- D,g,t,zed by GoOgle 



8P ARISTOTELIS 

xavxa* n$ol di ayaioxvrtlati dyXor ig 4* %&y bra*- 

CAPUT VII. ^ .^ 
7t<H Sixain Ixovift, xal inl tloiy, if nZg avtol 
ffromfc OQwafUvotg %i\v %ot§iv> dykw sorai. ^otai 
&*) X*W» * a & W> * &r wy tiytitu xdoiy inovqyuv tw 
Ssoptoy, fit} artl twos, fiyd* tya %i au?4> iw wrovp~ 
^ovift* aitf iVa ixa/yq>f*. Mtydly d* ar, ij aqpo- 
fya dsofidytjy, ij fieyalow xal xalmoiy, «J & 
xwyofc joiovtatg, %j povog, rj nojuxog, 4j (idliota. 
A*i\oiig di uaiy at o^&ft?,. xa*. tovrwy ftaiiata a* 
fura Avttijs rov fit} yiyvofiiyov xoiavxaide al im&v- 
(Uw • oloy b fytog. Kal to xaXg xov at&paxog xaxa>- 
oc<r» « x«* ,«V xiv&iroie * xa* yip o xwflvj>«iW frii&ih- 
jiu, xal b Ivnovpsvog. Jib oi iv ntvla itaqioxa(ii- 
vXHhtai amy a%g 9 x$v (uxqa vitijQBxyaaat, dia xb /u/c- 
#o$ T^ff dtvoBQtg, xal xbv xatqov, xs%fit Qiopdvoi • 
ojor, o fr Avxdm xbv (pogfibv dovg. 'Avayxq ovr 
pahaxa pir ug xoiavxa t%uv xqv inovoylav • tl d$ 
(lib & ¥<*<*> y fitifa. "JIoj inu (pavtqby, xal or«, 
xal t<p olg ylyvcxat %aqig, xal nng §xovot, ^Xov ox* 
ix xovxcuv naoaoxsvaaxiov tovg piv dsixvvvxdg 7} Zv- 
xag, fj ytyevT)n$vovg iv 101061$ Xvtiji xal deqasi* Tovg 
6*9, vnfiQtTrjaui to xotavxgXQtia xotovxov %i vprjocxovy* 
rag. Gavtobv Si, xal o&ev iqpaiquo&ai boHx*t<n 
xyv x<*Qiy* xal itoi&y axaolirxcvg • 1} yag , on aixwv 
' how v7t7}Qtrovoty t ij vntjohfjoav tovxo di ovx %* 
iX&Qig* $ Sn anb tvxqg ovyintaiy, % ijvayxda^ijo'ay' 
^ 0*1 antdoncar, mi£ ovx sdaxav, «fw 9id6itg, *?%§ 
Hn * apyoiiqug yaQ ti drrl nyog* cSart oiti ovxwc 



, y Google 



RHETORIC A. LIB. II. CAP. VUf. 89 

Sf «fnj X<*Q l S : Ka\ mqI aitiaag tig xat^yoqiag o*fr» 
miov y ?<*?£<*?<? iatlr, 1} ow To6l,i) roaordl, iJtoi- 
wdlj q notk, if nov* 2r\ptiov fle, a tlaxtov pvvftij- 
QeTtloav • xal el tolg iz&oolg § taiti, ij ha, 'ij peJ- 
&>• ^Zoy.^a^, oil ovdi tavta r t fi&p tvexa. "fill 
qtavka, udtog • ovdelg yig ojioXoyti diia&ai <pavX<t& 9 
Kal tu$ pi* tov zccQltto&qi xal azotymib tiorpai* 
CAPUT. VIII^ 
JZotf di iXstira, xal tbag iUovatr, not nig av- 
Tol$zor**$, Uyufisv. "Eotw dq *Xsog $ Xiny T 'S ^ 
qxuyophfp xuxh q&aoxixJp xal jtvaqojj), tov ava$iow 
zvyxotvuv, o x$y avtbg nqoadoxr^atuy av na&siv, 9 
imy avtbv. wa • xa* Tot/To* ©toy uiqoior <puiyr}jai \ 
dqlov yiq, ou avayxt} joy uiXlorta iXttjoiiv, vnaQ~ 
%hp zowvxoy oioy oirjoto&cu 'na&iiy ay x% xaxby g 
uixit, ^ T«y orvfoS wi, *a* TotoSroy xxxxoy, olo* 
effo^Ta* eV «y o?<p, 1} o^otoy, i} naqanXi\iiwy, A*' 
ovxt ol nafitX&g anoXulong iXnvaiy ovdiv yaq ap. 
txt na&H* oloytai • ntnov&avi yiq^ ovit ol vittqtv^ 
datpovH* oloftsyok, aX£ ipyltovw $1 yaq inavta 
oTovtai vnaqx*** tayi&a, dr}Xov ou xal to pq ivdi~ 
ZM&*i na&fiy n xaxop • xal yaq tovto T<3y aya&wv* 
JBiol Si ToiathTQ4, olo* ropifa* na&&y ay.* ol u nt->, 
Ttor&oTtg rjdifr xal dumtqavyottg. Kal ol jrfleo/to- 
ttqot xal 6t« to (pqoyfiy, xal dt ipmiqlay. Kal ol 
ae&tvug. Kal ol tnXonqot paXXoy. Kai ol ns- 
'. naidevpivot * evloyurtoi yaq* Kal oig iniqzovot 
yor$ig, ij zixva, ij yweuxtg • aviov m yaq ravta, xal 
da na&ur, tw uoim&a. K*l pr\x% h avdotlag na- 
$u om$* oloy ir off fa n •O'iftu* iloymd yaotoi 

Digitized b^GOQgle 



00 ARISTOTEL18 

iaopbov tc&ta 1 firjT §p ipgumxg dia&Son* xalyag 
ovtqi aXoyurtoi rovn$lasa&al U * ill* olpvtalvxov- 
t&v • fitft av (popovptyoi otpodga * ov yag (Xsovpip 
pi (xnmliiypipoi 6m to tlva* ngog t$ olxtlcp nd&et. 
Kbp oVmrtaltwag itwcu (muxug* yag pydipa oii- 
pivog] nana; oirioircu alloy* that xontov. ^OXtag 
ff\, ofav %%n ovrwg, Sat avappqa&'fpaitoiavzaevf** 
ps^Tixota q avt$, ipT»* avxov* rj iXnioat ytri- 
a&at 1} crvrf , 1} tSp ccvroy. *Jlt pip o $p ?roj»- 
ttg Utovaiy, &grjraf a tii Hsovatp, At tov ogprpov 
8yXop. "Ooa t* yag t»p XvTtr^Sp xalotivrvjg&yqp&ag- 
iixa, nana ilettva' xal oca apatgvtmi* *«* oawp 
«g vixn oltia xax&p, piyt&og ixopxmp. TEift* ft o£v- 
#1790 pir # x«J atd-agrixa &avarot xal alula*, xcuom* 
pajup xaxtoang, xal yf k gaq, xal pfooi, xal Tooqpjfcip- 
dna. r Jlr di % rvxrj atxla xotxGv , vyiXlct, oltyoaw* 
Ha * dio xal to Sieonav&cti ami tip y&w xal wry- 
&cor, ikmpop* ahxog, ao&ima, itpan^gta* xal to, 
$&sv ngooyxtp aya&op tt nga$eu, xaxopii <n^/^yar 
xal to noXXaxtg totovro, ifa) to frfnror£oro? ytv*- 
G&atn aya&op' oTor/ Jiomlfru r& nag* flaoiXi&i 
te&ytiu nartnitup&fj. JCal to ij pqofr ytyspjio&m 
iyadivj f ywop&pwp pq that anoXavoir. *Eqf ofe 
fir> o^y iXtovai, ravta xal toiavti low, "jSlcovai 
, £4 Toi/f t« yrtagtpovg, ictp py ayotiga fyyvg iatp ©*«• 
B$ioTtjtr ntgl di Towovg, woroo mgl avtavg piXlov- 
*ag, tzovat* Jib xal Zipctaig, 4ml pip tf vUl iyofd- 
py 4ml to amodapfip, oin 4ddxgvotp, 6g <pa<nr, inl £i 
*$ 'Wily ngoaattovm* tovto pip yog iXtitp'op • ixtivo 
*i t*vw 9 To. yog tuyov, faqor tov iXuuo^xa* 4x~ 



RHETORICS LIB. II. CAP. IX. 91 

xqovotixov tov iXioVj xal noXXaxtg t& Ivavritp £91701 • " 
fiov* ~, JZtt iXeovoiv iyyvg avtov tov deivov ovrog. 
Keel toig opotovg iXtovai, xati tjXixiccy^ xocra $Hj, 
xati I£etg, xati aZuopata, xati yhi\ • to naot yag 
tovtoig paXXov fpaivttai, xal avxtouvvTtaglai. "OXmg 
yag xal irtav&a del kaput, oxi , ooa kp dit&x 90- 
fiotfxtai, tavta hi SXXonv yiyvouiva iXeovoiv. *Ejii\ 
Si iyyvg <paw6ptvataita&ii ikeuva-dat, ta dtpvgio- 
otbf $tog ytvoptva ij ioopeva ovi £Xnl£orttg ovtM 
ittpvrjpb>oi tj b'Xag oix iXtovoiv, ijovxopolwg* aray** - 
xij, ioijg owaTregya^opirovg ox^potot, xal <p<ava~g, xal 
ia&TjTi, xal oXwg tj} inoxglasi iXtttvox&govg efrair 
*Byyvg yap noiovoi yctlvio&cu to xaxw, ngo bppa- 
ttav nwovrregj fj wg piXXov, Z&g yeyovog. Kal tm 
yeyovpta Sgti, rj piXXovta diet Ta#«W, iXmrortoadia 
to avfi f Kdltaoijpva, xal tag itgotHg* otoy/io&i}- 
tag t« i$nr nmoi&ottoy, xal, So a rotavta. Kal l6~ 
yovg tmr ix tm na&si ortw, olor ydq ttlevtwvttav. 
Kal paXiota, to cnovdalovg tfwti, h totg toiovtoic 
xatgdig ovtag, tXmror. "Anaxta yaotafca,8ia ti 
iyyvg qtafavfrai, paXXov noiti tov %Xiov*'xal &f 
arallovti ortog, xal fr oy&aXpoig yawopbov tov 
nd&ovs* 

CAPUT IX. 
'Avttxutm <M tw iXteix, paXtota pfr, o xaXovoi 
xtptoqix • tw yag Xvniio&ai inl talg avallaig xaxo* 
isgaylaig, itrttxtlptxov Am tgbnox nva, xal ano tov 
avtov ij&ovg, to Xvntia&ai inl talg avallaig tvnoa~ 
yiaig * xal ctpycn to. na&ij tj&ovg xg^otov, AH yig 
inl ph tdlg avallw itguttovm xax»g f <jvvaz&*a&** 

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W ARISTOTELIS 

xal iktelp • xb~g d* ev, ptpeuyp' adixop yag, xo *rapa 
rijy a^wty yiypoperop 9 dta xal xolg Geolg anodiSopep 
TO p$peo%p. Jfofrte 3' ay xai 6 qt&opog tw &*£» 
Tor a«Tor amxeio&at tg6nop $ &q ovreyyig op xal 
tavxop *<ji ptpeoar • Jar* ot Ixigop. Avnr\ yag ta- 
Q«X**tivS *<*i 5 <p9ovog iaiit xal sfc tvngaylap, &l£ 
ov xov aVaSAw* alii tov Icfov xa* opolov. To ' o«, 
prion aixm t* avp^aexai txeoop, aU<? tii avxbp top 
nlfialor, anaoip bpolatg del vitagxup* Ov yog fa 
$oxai,xo per, x q)&6vog 9 to di t ripsaw ilXa <p6fiog, 
up Siit xovxo vnagxn % Xvnti $ xai V i<*g&X*lt Sti au- 
t£ t< fbrat <jpavi-oy a7ia Tijf ixslpov eingaliag, *a- 
rtoo? $£. o« axoAovv^qae* xa* t£ ipoptia na&i) tov* 
tw$ . *0 fii* yao Xvnovp&og inl xdig ara£ioig xo> 
xoitgayovqip, f]a-&r\atxai t *} i&vfto? fara* &3 toZ$ 
ivapxloig xaxongayovaip* Oiop, tovg naxgalolag 
*a\ puxupwovg, oxap xvxaxn ttpwglag, ovdelg £p Zv- 
nt)&eii] xgt)<n6s* del yog x algtw inl xdig xotov xotg* 
*\g d' avtmg xal inl tolg tv itgaxxovai Mat altar* 
apqxa yag dixaia, xal JtouXxaigeirtop inrnxij' ap&y- 
*q yag iXnifap inagla* av, Sing t£ bpoly, xar av- 
' t$. JCaJ ioxt tov avxov fftovg anapxa xavxa * ti 
d& ipapxla, tov ipapxlov. *0 yag avxbg ioxtv fatixat- 
gixaxog xal q>&opeg6g • i<p <p yag tig Xvntlxai yiypo- 
udvtp xal inagxorxh apayxaior xovxqp inl xy axtgj}- 
as* xal xft (p&ogy x jj xovxov j^a/octx* 4ib xuXvxixa 
pir ildovg napxa taUt iaxi* dwayign Si, dia xag'd- 
gnpirag alxiag* Sox* itgog xb prj il*etpanoiuv,£it*p- 
«a opofag xw<*m<** Ugaxop uh ovp itegl xov vtpe- 
<ffp Uywper, xiow t$ reptowoi, xal M tim, xal nug 

Digitized by CjOOQlC • 



RHET0R1CA. LIB. II. CAP. IX 03 

txoyxtg avrol* tit a fittw ravta^ ntgl tm aXXny 
&avtgby 9* ix %&y tigrjfiinoy • $1 yag tatt to rqt«-» 
any, Xvnuo&cu int to> (patvofi&cp a?ct£/a>; tvngayiiy, 
ttg&roy [ib drjXop, ou ovx oloy % ini naoi tdig 
iya&dlg yspeoqty. Ovdslg yag, si dlxcuog, ? aydgsfog, 
1} si agixyv Xrnpetcu, rsfieorjost tovtw * ovdi yag ol 
Sieo* inl tdig iyanioig tothtap tloiv M inl nXovttp, 
9tal dvyapu, xaj toT?, roiovroig, bow, ig anXiag *{- 
nuv,H$iol why ot aya&ol, xal ol to a>vau txorttg 
iya&i, oloy; tyyhuav, xal xdXXog, xal Sea roiavta. 
m £ntid$i' di *b agxdtor . iyyvg t* fpalvstai xov q>vah, 
ayayxrj, toXg to, avtb l/oV<w aya&by^ iav veatorl 
tXortsg tvyxayvoi, xal diet tovto tvngaymoi, piiXXoy 
y$fi€0(jcr* MaXXor yao Xvnovoiy oi yttaart nXovrovy- 
teg, imy naXat xal Sia yivovg. 'Ofiolwg Bi xal uo- 
Zorrtg, xal dvyapfvoi, xal noXvauXoi, %al-tvxtxyo», 
xal bttovy twy toiovnoy, xay dii xavta aXXb ti 4y*~ 
&bv ylyyyrai avtolg , woavTC&g. Kai yao iyrav&a 
p&XXoY Xvnovaiy ol vtonXovtoi,, agxorttg fact toy 
nXovxov, i\ ol agxatonXovtoi. 'Opofag Si xal inl 
%&y aXXtay. Alitor b*' ou ol pky doxovoi ta avtSy 
%X uy f ol d*' ov • to yag ail ovtto qtaeyofuyoy sjw, 
iXrj&ig doxel' <3jt« oi tttgoh ov tit avt&y'tzuy? 
JCal intl txaatoy tmy aya&&y,ol xov tvxbrtog ahoy, 
aXXa tig iony ayaXoyla, xaltbagpbttoy 6loy,onXwp 
xaXXpg ov tm dixaia ag/iottu, aXXct tw avdgtlcp 9 xal 
yajioi dtao)igomg ov tdig vnaotl nXovtovotv, aXXa 
tdig tiytyiaiy. 9 Zav ovv aya&bg &y f«j} tov oo/iot« 
Tof to£ tvyxwflt peptoriToy, xa» toy Sttm t^» ko«/tto- 



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04 ARISTOTEL1S 

*» aptfiafaxup « paXurs* gey ow totfe & t$ avjj'. 

Marxog 8' iliuvi pazn* TBlapem&dao' 
-■ Ztvgyag ol r$piaaox\ ox apslpopt ami paxotto. 
£t8iprj, x$p oitwrovp o jjxxup tw xj j/ttow ©loy,' 
«* o ftovatJCQ? Ty.&xa/p* foXxiw yog 4 tf**«*o*nW 
r^g povaixijg. dig flip ovp vtpeown, xal tit a, 
4* xovxetp dijXop* xavxa yag % xal xi xouxvxi ioxir, 
JLvtol di pifiicqxtxot tlaiv, i&p Stun Tvyx&pwHP qv* 
xxgxwy p$yi<n&pjiya&wr t xal xavxa xtxxqpipoi* xq 
yag tup opofap qti&Q&eu xovg pq opotovg $ ov dixat- 
o¥. Jcvzegor S* 9 or Sms aya&otxal anovdaiok 
rvyxavwri* xglpova'l X9 yag tv t xalxa SQuux pujovw. 
Kal iip atdoxipo*, xal og$yop*poi xtvnp nga$mr, xal 
paXurra ntgl xavxa qpiXoxtpo* &o*p t w fagot iva$to* 
orris xvyxavovo*. Kal oXug, ol abovpxtg avxol *v- 
xoig, &p ixigovg pq aSiovai % ptptai{xixol xovxotg, xal 
vovtws Jto xal ol awdganodtidus xal qpavXot xal 
awiXoxipot, ov rtptatitutol • ovdxp yag Am xoiovxof^ 
ov avxovg oiqytcu atlovg lira*. Qavegov d* 4x tov- 
xmr, inl noloig axvzovot, xal xaxongaybvoip, q pq 
t«//a*owi, ^a/flar, ^} alvnugs/up dti m ix yap x&v 
lugijpiptip xit apxtxtlpepa 9ijXa iaxip. "Slots Spxovg ' 
78 xgixag xoiovxovg nagaaxtvaay o Xoyog, xal xovg 
abovpxag (Xtuo&at, xal iy olg iXtua&at, ditty aw- 
tlovg ph ovxag xvyx<*PW* atfovg di prj xvyxapw, 
6y5vpaxop iXefiPn . 

CAPUT X. 

AqXop b*i, xal hit xiat (p&ovovat, xaixlot, xalnug 
vxopxtg, sfntg 4*xlp o <p&6vog Xvnrj xig M tvngayl* 



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RHETORICS LIB. U. CAP. X. W 

tymfopitQ iw iIqi}jlIv*p iya&Sv, mgl rovg ouolovg, 
M tta Tft avTu> iXXa ft ixilvovg* a)&ov^aovo$ fup 
fag oltoiovxoi) olg tlolxmg opowi, qtpabonaQ 

^Opoiovg MUyUtxata yivog, xaxa ovyysrtiav, ««# 
%lixiar x xa&* !£&, xaxa do$av, xaxi xa wiagxona. 
Kal olg utxgovjXXdmi, to u*i nana vnagxw &Qf 
ol ptyala noattonrg, xal nttvxovntg % gi&oregol *&- 
aur * nanus yag oXonai ta avx&p <piouv. Kal ol 
tipvpwoi inl %m dia<pig6n»g,xaluahatai7tloo<pla, 
q cvdcaftorttf* Kal ot aaloxiuoh q>9ongiixtgoi xvv 

- atfHloTlfivr* 'Kal oi 8o$6aoq?of yiXonpoi yag inl 
ooqpla. Kal olmg oi ydodoZoi ntglri, ar&ongol n$- 
gl rovxo. Kal ' ot fuxgoyivxoi • nana yag avxolg 
doxu ptyala slvai. *£<p olg di <p&ovovoi t %it jur 
iya&a ttgrjtai* iff oaotg yog (pdotiotovoi, xal <)Pf~ 
loxipovrtak fgyotg, xal ogiyortakdotyg, xal Soa ri- 

_ TVjPt/urra Aro, 03*00? mgl nana q&ivog ioxl, *al 
ftaXuna, &y avxol ij ogiyonat, 17 ofonai diiv avxoif 
tx uv > fl $r avxol tf xtrjau §nagf intgixova**; rj uk- 
xg$ HXdnovdi* 4>av$g6*di xal, olg y&ovovoiv* 
apa yog tfotptai* toig yag iyyvg xal XQ* V V> **2 *<fc 
fnp,xa» ijkixla., xal doty, a>&orovowJi&§v tffeqTat, 

To ovyytvigyag xal q&ovu* inloxaxar 
xal ngog ovg qpiloxtuovnai * anXoriuovvtat /it* yog 
ngog toig Agnphovg* ngog ti toig ftvgtooxor txo$ 
ortag, 1} ngog rovg ioopivovg, ? ulhtixag , oldeig* ' 
ovdi ngog toig 4q>* 'ffgaxXtkug <m{Xa*f * ovf up wo- 
li ofonat nag avxolg y naga toig S&oigXtlmod'a** 
ovd * if noli vntgfyuy. 'JLaavxug xal ngogtovxovg 9 
xal ntglta Totavra* *Eml di ngog toig unayv**- 



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96 ARISTOTELIS 

vtag,xal aytzgaotag, xaloXtag tovgtwy crvtwr tqptp- 
$iivov$ (piXouiiovnat, ayayxfj tovtoig uaXtata <jpvh>- 
yci> * o^fv efyifitxf} Xoi xcgaftsvg xtoctpu. Kal rdig 
rdxv, y ol v6U$ tvxoyttg, *i f*tj tv/o>reff r jp&orovau 
Kal wy % xcxvqp&KGty, tj xaztQ&ovyttay , ovttdog ati- 
tdig* $iol dk xal ovtoi iyyvg xal Qfioioi* dfjXov yaq 9 
on naq* xtvrovg ov xvfxavovai. tov aya&ov • wart 
%ovto Xvnovv noiuxcv (p&oroy. Kal. totg ij !#ot;ai 
tavrc^, r\ %zxrr\{itvoig, a avxotg nqoo^xsyj tj ixtxtyyto 
note* dw nqtapvxtqol yt yttoxiqotg. Kal dl noXXa 
danav^aartBg tig to avxo, to?goXlya,<p&oyovot* x Jfifr- 
loy di, xdl iq> oXg ^cr/^ovcrtv ol totoutot, xal inl xim, 
tal Ttvg fyoyttg ■ wg yaq fitf tx<ovxtg Ximovnou, o v- 
*«V BXovttg inl ioigbartloigiio&riooYtau "jloti,Sy 
avxol (ifr naqaoxsvao&why ovxwg ?x uv » ol d* iXtu- 
o&ai i} tvyxivfiv twog aya&ov a&ovptyot, woiy oToi 
t>l tloripiro* , dijXo> tog ov tti^ovxak £Xiov naqi tof 
uvqioay, 

CAPUT XL 
Hig ft' Sfoyrec Wotm, xal ii noTa, xal inl *l- 
ciy, iv&iy&* iotldi}Xov *l y<*$ ioti&bXog Xvnij xtg 
inl cpmvoftivTi naqovolq} aya&m iyrlpuy, xal tydtxo- 

...f.™ -.»,-/! 1~/9*V*. —«>'?•>» %..^1X^ Jl ~J. -* 




lor, xal yavXw b piy yaq avtqy naqaoxtvatu tia 
%by ViXqv wyxavny tow aya&av • b di toy nXqoloy 
W *X*w 9ti tbytp&oyoy) avayxn &ti,faXemxovg pb 
t7p<*« toig a&ovytag lavtovg ayadw, w (ty txovaiy* 
ovddg yjkq a$io1 ti f*wop*va advyata ' dib of riot, 

'Digitized by VjOOQIC 



. RHETORICA. LIB. 1LCAP. XL 07 

nal ol fttyaXoyvxoi, xoiovxor nal olg vnafx&voiufr- 

xa &ya&a, a xa.if 4rtifi(oy a$ia iartp avdgivitoxk yag. 

xavxa, nlovxog, xal nolvtptlia *xal agzal, xal oaa 

xouxvxa. € Jlg yag ngootjxov avtotg aya&otg Hvai, 

oxi ngoaqxt xoig aya&wg «/ow», iqXovat xi Totorv- 

xa *mv~ aya&S>p. Kal ovg olalXoi cfoova*. Kal 

toy ixgoyovoi, % ovyytrug, ij oixnoi, rj xb t&rog, j} q 

710I14, XnyiQiy Zrjlmxtxol ntgl xavxa •■oln&ayigofop- 

xai avxotg thai, xal off jo* xovxttr. > 22* di Am f^iw- 

rat xi Mruua aya&a, avayxq xig t« agnig ilycu %o*~ 

avxag, xal oaa xoig alXotg ttHpilipa nal tvegytxma 4 . 

xtpaot yig xoig tvtgytxovrxag , xal xoig afa&ovg • 

xaloow aya&m anolavaig xoig nXtiaiov iaxiv oW, 

nXovxog xal xiXXog, uaMov vyulag. toaytgop to, 

xal oi tyXaxol %ir$g- ol yig xavxa nal xi xomvxa nt- 

xtrjfidvot, tyXwroi* low ds xavxa xi ugr^iva, olon 

avBgtia, ooq>la,agzq* ol yig aozorreg noXXovg dv- 

vavxat Ju nov&v axgaxyyol, Qqxog *g, nirttg oi xi 

xotavxa dvxufttroi. Kal olg noXXol o/toioi fiovXov- 

tat ihcu, v ttoXXo* ypmgtuoi, 1} ylXoi, noXXoL M if ovg 

noUlol &avu$tovoiv t 1} ovg aixol &avuitovai* Kal 

uv htaivoi nal iyxifua Xiyortai, jg vnb noitpibv, q 

Xoyoygaaw. Kaxaipgovowti d* Twy havxUw bav- 

xlov yig ftjZw naxaygovifoit iaxi, nal 10 i^Xovv t$ 

xaxatpgovn*. jiyaynq di xoig ovtug %zomag t moxz 

gril&oal xwag 1} ZrjXova&a*, naxcufgo^xmoig *W» 

tovxmv xa, xal inl xovxoig, 0001 xi frarrlananiixov- 

aixwayabw xiv tylmxmi. Jibnollanig xaxa- 

cpQovoiqi xmx tvxvxovrwv, oxav awtv x&y ivtlfnov 

aya&vv bnigxy avrotg q tvjij. . Ji m pb ovt xi 

Akist. Rhet. G 

Digitized by VjOOSIC 



98 ARISTOTELtS 

ita&fi iyyiyrrtai ual dtalvstat, 4( «r al niawg yU 
yvovxai, niql avtam tfy^ra*. . ," 
CAPUT XII % 
To di y&q iroiol wcj, *af of t£ na&m, wb& rag 
ftw$, «a) iA$ qiix/«£, *a) raff rvxag, dul&nuev pt\a 
tavta. My* di na&y uh t ogyrjv, imfrvpiocp, rfa) 
%i rounna, ntqltip dfyqxuuw ngongov • £$«£&, 
opera? »<*} *«*/a?. JSStqrixm so* at?} xovrw* *p ott- 
{W, *a) *<£« Kpocufowta* ixaaro*, xa} nalmv nga- 
Kttxoi. *HXmia* di slat, pwiffg, %a\ anay, uulyifeag. 
Tvzn* di lty*> tvy&uar,*v* niovtov, nml dvpapug, 
xal ravuvria Tovrotg, xaioXmg svj vxfav ual dvatv- 
%l(0>. Of uip ovp riot, iiq&q ualp iai&vu^xutc^ 
jwti elar fto'tclr •£* £V irttfrvftyvaiQi. Kal %&p n*gl %i 
a&fta ixt&Vfidtry uahata axoXov&fjTtMol sUu toag 
iHqI %a ixpQQ&lotm, ual anqaxug TctvTtjg. Evfmi* 
fiolot di ual ^ytotpo* ftp w ?«$, ijn&vjUctg. Ka) 
otpodqa pfr 4m&vpiov<H, taxi H navwta*. *OS&u 
fhq al fiovl^ang, ual ov fuyaXat, uant$ al imp *a- 
upovtwr dtyatKalit&you. Kal &vptuol, ual oZvxhh- 
fiOh *«*• olw axoiov&Hv trj oqpji- Kal tjttovg da\ 
tov xhtpov* 6ia yio ytXotydar, owe apixopxai olt- 
ytoQOVfiiroi, ©JU' uyapuutovQpr, Sp qXmpjw admu- 
ofrcti. Kal (piloupoi flip tfoi, pall** di <J>il6vt*oi* 
intgoxty yig im&vuti tj prnfrq? • y di pUtf vntqo- 
%rj rig. Kal Sfupa tavta paXXow, 1} (pdewpjpatoi; 
q>tloxQfjficti6$ di yxurr*, du$ to uynu hdslag umtu+ 
gao&af &<meg to Umaxov fan anitp&typ* *lg*<dp- 
<pM$aov. Kalov*auori$t\g 9 a}£ dtfong, dta to 
WTO tt&mmuiiMn nottag not^giag. Kul «wwtcw, 



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RHETORICA. LIB. II. CAP. XII. 99 

9*a to urjnos nolla ifynaxria&au Kal tvilmtitg* 
£>omg yag oi otyvay&t, ovt» diddegpoi tlmv ol vco< 
few xyg yvamg • «fta 6i xal dut tbuynpanoXld airo* 
Tsivzqxirui. Kal ZwJb xi nliioxa UniSi • «J par yap 
Ita*?, tov uilXoyxog iaw jj 81- pvTJpij, xov ndgoi^ 
XOfUyov. Tolg de vioig xbub pillov, noli 9 xb M 
nagelrjlv&og, Pga%v. 1§ pi© notoTi? j^ie'oa utuvri- 
a&mt pir ovd& ofoprai, ilnliuy de nana. Kal «/- 
etanaxijxol $un diixb ngup&ov • iXnitovoi j'do Qadfag. , 
.Kai a?0?cioT£0<u' dvundttg yag xal evilmdtg'wyxi 
jth,Hn (pop&o&w to oe, &ag$uy noUU Opt* yag 
ogyttautyog ovdslg qpofiuxa$,xo f xtiknitny aya&gyx^ 
&a$$aliov %nl. Kal alaxvttfikoh ovydg nw xald 
ixega v^olappdvovaiv, allot nmaidrvyxm vnb tow 
*6ftov uotov. Kal (uymkoyyxoh* ovx$ yag vnb xov 
(Hoy ovnm tixansiywyxa'*, alia x&y ayayxalwy a7i«t- 
gol eiah ' xal to aliovy avxbv fuyaXwy, fuyaXoytvxia* 
%ovxo d '. ev&mdog. » JKa? pallor aigovyxat ngaxxup 
to: «oXa Tifiy ovuaagoyxwy • t$ f io 2&M £ftcri pallor, 
fj t$ Xoyiopy* * aw ^' * uivloyiaubg, xov avpopigoy- 
90s * y & ? aotrrj, xov xalov. Kal yiXoasiXoi xal 
qxXhaigo* paXXoy x&y alhav f}ltxt&y x did rb xalguy 
xtp av£rjy, xal urpiw nobs to avptpigoy xglvtty uifiiv * 
wort fiijW tovs (pilovg. Kal anavxa inl xb uaXkov 
xal otpodgoxsgo? aftagxayovohnagi xbXiX&yiioir ndv- 
xa yog Syay ngdrxovat* tpiXovaixs yag ayay 9 xalui- 
aovctx ayay, xal talla nana bpol&g. 0% xal etdi- 
yat> nana oYortai, xal b*iiaxvgllZoyxai* xovto yag aft- 
TioV An* JtaJ toU , nana ayay* Kal xi adixrjuaxu 
ddtxoioiv tig vfigty, xal oi xcmovgyiav* Kal 4l*n- 
- . G2 ; 

Digitizedjay VjOOQ. 



100 ARISTOTELIS 

xtxol, din xo ndvxvg ZQrpnovg xalfcXxlovg vnoXaufia- 
pw rp ydo avtmv dxaxia rovgftiXag petgovoiv 
Sat avalia naozw vnoXaufidyovaiv avxovg. Kal 
Tpiloyilmtg • 9ib xal tvtodntXot. K H yaq m qamXia, 
nenaidtvuivr) vfiqig iaxL To uh ovp tAp'pimp toi- 
ovtov n&og iott. 

CAPUT XIII. 
01 dk woid/Wwoo*, xal naqr^xuaxitng, a%tdhp i% 
tw ivaniwv tovxoig tot nXuaxa tzovoiv* rj&r}. Jii 
yaq to noXXa iti\ fofiiMtfyai^xal nXtim i$r}naTria&at, 
xal f)potQTT)xiriu, xal ta nXeie* atocvia tifaix&pnqay- 
pdxmy, QVT9 dictfttpaiovvTcu ovdir, ijnoy t« ayat 
-anavxa, ij du. Kal oi'oncu, Xaaai $e ovdsp • xal 
au<f^a^xovrx$g nqooxi&iaaiv atl to Yang, xal ti%a • 
xal nana Xiyovaiy ovxu, nayimg d$ ovdiv. Kalxa- 
xorj&ttg uoiv taxi yaq xaxoq&iux, to inl to £&gov 
vnolapfidvuv anavxa. "£xi di xa/vnontol slat, dta 
%f[x amaxiav anurxo* dk, di ipjmqiap. Kal ovxt 
ydovbi oyodqa, ovxt fuaovm, diet xctvxa* aXXa naxi 
typ Biapxog VTTo&tfXtjv, xal cpdovaiv &g uujrjoorrtg, 
xal uiGovoiy &)g q)iXr\<jovTtg. Kal fuxqotpvxoi, diet to 
xrtamiv&o&cu vno xov fiiov • oidtvog yaq usyaXov, 
ovdk TtiQixxov, aXXa tup nqig top fiioy hn/hjpovo* 
Kal ctvsXtv&sgoi • $p yaq t* x&p dpayxaimp y ovala 9 
Sua dk xal diet rip ipjteiqiap foaotp, ig xaXtnop to 
xxrpao&ah xal Qtfdtov to aitoflaXup, Kal duXol, 
xal nana nqo^ofi^tixoi 9 ivavxi&g yog diaxiipxa* 
tolg pioig* xctxtifrvyuivoi yaq now ol di, &cquoL 
"Slots 7tQomdo7ttnoifjX9 to yqqag xp duXla* xal yaq 
o tpofiog xaxdyvSlg xig tort. Kal yiXofaoi, ualud- 

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RHETORICA. LIB. n. CAP..X1II. 101 

lurta inl tiJ ttlivxaia fipiga, dia to tov anovtog «7- 
vai r^y im&vpiav xal ov di tvd&ug, tovtov paliota 
frii&vpovoi. Kal ydatuoi pallor, Jq dii' pixgoipv- 
%'ia yag tig xal amy. Kal ngbg to ovpyigov £uaiv 9 
al£ ov ngbg to xalbv, pallov 1} du, dia to (pilavto* 
dvair* tb'piv yig avpyigov, aii$ ayad-ov iotf to di 
xalbv, anltog. Kal avaiaxwtot fiallov , ij aloxvv- 
jrjlol* diiyag to py (pgonifciv bpolmg tov xalov 
xal tov ovpopigovtog , oliywgovoi tov dox&v. Kal 
ivoilmdeg, dii t^vipnugiav • Tat yag nluata tup 
ngaypatav qpavla iotiv anofiaivit yovv ta nolli 
bit to z&oo? * *»* «w o**« *i* d«'i/«y. JCa* fwat tjJ 
prriprj pallor, if ty ilnidi • tov ydo fiiov to pi? lo*~ 
11 ov, bliyov to di nagBli)lv&bg, noli* tatidkr^ 
ph Unlg, tov piXlovrog* tj di pvrjpr} t t(ov ftagoixopi- 
r&v. "Oneg aiuov xal tr t g adolsoxiag avtoig • dia- 
telovoi yag ta ywopwa Idyorrtg* avapipvuoxopsvot 
yag qdortai. Kal oi &vpol, o$tig p$v tiaiv, ao&9- 
rtig 6L Kal at im&vplai, ai piv ixlelolnaoiv, at di 
ao&ev&ft. "Jlot ovt$ im&vpfjtixol, ovts ngaxtixol 
nati rig im&vplug, alii xati to xigdog * dio oa- 
4pgovtxolaraivovtaioit^lixovtot 'a%tt yig im&vpia* 
avtixaoi xal Spvltvovoi xw xiodet., Kal pallov J«- 
at nati loyiopbv, n xata to ti&og • o piv yig loyi- 
opbgi tov ovpyigovtog* to di ij&og, ti)g agnyg iotu 
Kmtaadixtjpata idixovoiv tig xaxovgylav,' ovx ug 
vftQiv. 3 El(T}Tixol di xal oi yigortig eioiv, al£ ov 
dia tavtb toig vioig ' oi piv yig, dti opilav&guniav * 
ol di, diao&iveiav. JJavta yig oXovtav iyyigetva* 
aitoig naduv tovto 9* %v ileytixov. "O&iv bdvg- 

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102 , 4RISTOTBLIS 

xtxotdoi, xal ovx tvTQaittXoi, ov8e<f*fo)yiloioi - irav- 
xiov yag xb odvgxixbv tw <f>doyiX(ax^ Tut p& ovt 
vim xal x&v n'gtoflvxigonr xa ydy xoiavxa. "Jloi 
intl anodizorxa* navxtg xovg t$ a<perig(a ij&si hyo- 
fiivovg loyovg, xal xovg bpolovg, oix adijlor, nmg 
XQmpsvot xdlg Xoyoig, xoiovxot ycUvortcu xal javxol, 
nal olXoyot. 

CAPUT XIV. 
Oi di axfiafrvrsg, qpayeooy on pnalv xovxto* xb 
1 ij&og loorrcu, htaxigtav cKpaigotivxtg xyp vntgfioX^p* 
xal ovxb otpodga &agQovrrtg' &gaovx7ig yog xb toi- 
ovtov ovxt Xiav (popovfievot, xaX&g di ngbg 0/190 
frovTC?. Ovxe nam moxtvovxtg, ovxb naotram- 
axovrng, aXXa xaxi xb aXrj&eg xgtvovxBg ftaXXo*. 
Kal ovxb ngbg to xakbv S&rxeg popov, ovxb ngbg to 
avpfigop, aXXa ngbg %(upto. Kal ovxb ngbg <p«*5w, 
ovxb ngbg aowxiav, aXXa ngbg xb agp6xxop. 'Opoitog 
de xal ngbg xtvubp, xal ngbg ini&Vfuar. Kal crw- 
(pgopsgiiBxa apdgBlag, xal apty&ot fitxa a&<poo<rvrr}S' 
ivyag to*v rioig xal xolgyigovoi dirjgfixai xavxa • jl- 
ol yag olfisv pio^apSgeioi xal dxoXaoxoi • oi 8b »ot- 
opvxiQOi, awpgoveg xal foiloi. c Jlg dsxa&oXov ei~ 
7tuv t 00a per diijorfxai 1} vtoTtjg xal xb yqgag xap 
wysXlfiGiy, xavxa a/upto Izovoip* 00a d' vntgfiaXXov- 
atv % iXXtlnovoi, xovtw xb phgiop nal xb agpoxxop. 
*dx/iafa do to pi* oapa, onto x&p xgiaxopxa it&y, fii- 
Xgt xwv nzvxB xal xgtaxopxa % f} di yn>xy> ™Ql xi frog 
duv ntpxyxopxa. Htgl pip ovv ptoxyxog xal yygmg 
xataxfifjg, noiw q&&* iaxip txaoxop, fifijado* xo* 



aavxa. 



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RHETORIC A. LIB. IK CAP. XV. XVL 103 
.CAPUT XV. . 

Usgl di t&y anb tvx^g yiyyo^hmp aya&vy, di 
Son ayrwv, % xal ta %&r\ nota ana ovupalwtdig £?- 
&Qtitootg, ttywpty iq>t$ijg. JSvysrtlag pky ow f t &6g 
iati, to (piloTifi6xtqov thai toy xexrrjpiyoy airy** 
mxrttq yag, otay vnagxy t», ngbg tovxo otogtvu* a*- 
M&aow * % di tvybua, iytt^btf\g ngoyovwiotl. JCaT 
nctraygovriTixbr, xal t»f opoUay tolg ngoyoroig tdi? 
avtav diot$ no§§a tavta pallor, ij iyyvq yiyvoftt* 
va, tnqioriqa xal tvalaioytvta, v Eat$ di tvywig 
per, north t*\y tov yhovg aott^v ytrnftw di, xoti 
to firi iSiojao&ou 1% Ti}$ qyuotmg* fattg wg ivtl tbitoti 
ov ovpfiafosi Tolg tvytyfow, al£~ ttalr ol nollol tvrt* 
JUIf. 4>oQct yag rig iortv h tolg ybtaiy ay ~ _ 
wmtg h tolg xata tag x<*Qccg ytyyopivotg* xal Mot*, 
&y y itya&bv to yhog, iyylyyoytai dti tnog %oowov 
uydgtg mgynol* xqnuta n&liv ayadidmotr. tfiS/ercW 
«**, di, ta ph tv<pva ybtyi tig pavi*(&tsga ydy • olow 
ol an 'AXxifitddov xal ol into Jiorvolov xov wgoti- 
gov' ta di oraotpa, tig afitlttiglonf xal yw&gorntai 
olov ol anb Ktpmyog, xal Hegixliovg, xal Jfaxqi- 
tovg. 

CAPUT XVI. 

T$ di nlovry a thtetai f}^, imnoXfjg krtw ibtb 
Snaeiy * vfigtatal yag xal insgypayoh naoxbrUgik 
vnb trig xt^otug tov nlovtov^ "Slontg yag e%ort$t 
unarta i aya&a, ovtw diaxttvrat. V> yag nXovtog, 
olov ripjj tig iott t^g atiag t&y aHwy • dib (paly era* 
nana Svut that avrov; ' Kdl tgvg>$gol xalavlaxv- 
ytg • tgv(ptgol pir, dta trp igv<prjy, xal tapr iydt£tp 



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104 ARISTOTELIS 

trjg sldaqtorlag* aaXaxwtg &e *«* aiXoucoi, Sta to 
nivxag tlia&ivat dmtQtftuv neQlxbiQupevov xal &av- 
patofisrov in avxmr, xaltb olw&attyXevv xovg ak- 
Xovg, c\ xal avxoL "Apa di xal sixoxug xovxo m- 
ujown' noXXol yog tloiv oi Ssofuyoi x&y ixbrtmv. 
"O&tP xal xbSutwitiov tiQiftamiQl xw ooy&vxal nXov- 
aimv,. nobg xip ywaixa xtir'lionrog, i^ofUvtjr, no- 
xtoov ywia&ui xquxxov nXovotov, q oo<p6v; nXowstov 
dnur* xovg yao oopoig baqur inl xaig x»* nXovaim 
&ioatg [,3<pir>] diaxjolflovxag. Kal to otto&cu a$ioy$ 
thai Sox**' «/€** yito oioviai, *>vevt*9p£$tov «?£"?• 
f Kal Ag h x$q>alalip, avo^xoM svduipovog i)&ovg, o 
nXovxog foxt. diaydoti ds xoXg vmaxl xsxxripivoii 
xal xoig nakai xa rj&i}, x$ anuria fiaXXoy, xal <pav- 
Xixtoa xa xaxa Ifc «<y xovg vtonXovxovg • wjtxsq yio 
Anaidtwia nXovxov iaxl xo reonXovtoy tlvau Kal 
adixtjuaza aSixovoiv ov xaxovqyixa, aXXa- xa fit* 
•v/Sgioxma, xa di axoaztvnxa* olor ug ahUap xal 

CAPUT XVII. 

'Ofidimg &$ xal ntgl Zvvafittag oxedov xa nXuaxa 
tpavsoa imv y&fi • xa fiiv yito, xa aixit e/c* ij dvva- 
(iig xa nXoity xa de /fiXTt'oi. &tXoxiu6xtoot yaq 
xal avdgmdiaxBooi eioixa ij&rj ol dvyafievoixavxXov- 
ciW, diet xo i<pUo&ai eoymv,ooaiSowsiaavxo'ignQax- 
xhp dun rt)r dvrapiv. Kal onovdaoxtxtixiooiy dia xo 
4v imu&tla tlpai, apayxaZopepo* axon&p xa ixsqI xtjv 
dvvctfiiv. Kal otupoxeooi fj fiaQvxeQOk • noiH uao 
itiyapsmigovg xb «|/o)p<x* dtb/i$xpd£ovoiv tori dsy 
otpvoxTjg, pulttxq xal tvoxyfuav fiagit^g. Kal ia» 



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RHETORICA. LIB. II. GAP. XHH. 105 

idmSaip, ov fuxoadtayTa/ uoar 9 ilia p$yalm3uto$; 
f B y tVTvXi<* *« poQi* fr«* w ufnpi*** la q£q • 
d? yap ravra vwrdvovw a* fUyma* fonovobi cl* 
Tttt Mvjvzicu • xa* St* it? tvttxviar. Kal xi nati to 
octaa itytf&a fiap«oxeva£M ij . tvtvxia nUoptxjup. 
c IVngqqparoTfoot juir o w, -*a* ailo/MrTOTfoo* Out Tip 
ew/fW §tW. °jE> J* axoAovfrit (KXwnor rj&og tJ 
rvTVxlftf oti piiotao/ 0§W, x«* ijifovoi woo? to ££&r 
ffttf, irioVtvoi'Te? &£ to ytyrofitra ay a&a a ito ttjg 
tvxng* Iltfl flip 9VP wr **&' i]U*lav ual tvxn* 
j\&<ay tf^Tat • t« yog 'bartia tvr tt^tifiivup 4x twj» 
iraprtov yarega &rw* oIqv atyqTo? «a* aTiftov? 
y&og, xat aoWaroiN 

CAPUT XVIII. ^ 
*i57w} 6 s ij T«y nidaviv loyup XW*** i*lfi* nglaw 
' #ar/* root wr yao fojaw xa* xtxcAtapw, ovtir •« d& 
loyov for* dt, ay w woof &a i*g xq**P*h>$ t§ iUi/^ 
ngorgdnrj % anargenrj* dor olpovxhttoimg n&ioiair, 
t} nti&oyjtg' ov$h yag fjtrop ngaqg 4ox& tig • oV /cio 
du n&mu, otitis iortr, &g axlw; tlizur, *giTt}g, lap 
Tt ngog afitytofiijTovvta, iav Tt ngog fmo&eaip kiy$ 
tig, iftolm • tm yap Ao/y orayuti ZQ*io&*h xalavai- 
gu* ravartla, ngog a £on$g afiquaflritovpTa tqv Xo~ 
yor nouitai • iauvwg di xa» to *oig intd&xtmoig • 
£avfp yip ngog *qitw, iw &tmgb? o loyog avp&nq- 
utv • oto? Ji p oroff w? aJtlcfc for* xotTq? o & Tglf 
0ojUt*xoI? a^ftwr* Ta trjxovfisv* xotVw va Tt yaoap- 
qxeprftovftw* Cijt«t«< wwg ?r«i, «a* »to* «»y (lovltv- 
ortw ntgl oe Twy Kara xaj »oi«wA»« n&w l» idlg 
<tv(i(hvlivnxoig ^gfita$7^6t$goif * Hon fo»QMrpi*oy <*P 



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JOG ARISTOTELI8 

cfy, nie « f ftcd tax tW tovs Ao/ow toJ$ q#*xov$ 
ffOMpropf*. *Bnu di ttij/l t**a*o* (Up yivogxtayloyw 
Ira 00* f» to ttfo? ijp, j«o* amxrwp &' aixfo uXtyiiU- 
vm Mtou nal nfojdtmg curtr, £ £p tag hiatus <jpi- 
p aw* *«} ovufiavUvovt *g , *ml * lrcidV*w<>ro& 
no) a^M^Tovrt^- &»£'$«* «&jm>v$ mvj 
loywg Mix*t*% nou8* 9 nal mgl tqvt&p dtmyt- 
axiu' Xotno* iitu* di*X&&r n$qi %mv uoam*. Jla- 
c* yig avaynaXw, ret nzfjl tow oWoitoS *ai afaraTov 
ftoo^oqaat 4r to?? lo/oi^* ««} tow pcy* mg taxtu\ 
tovg di, mg fiyWf mtQaa&ai duxrwai, • "jBri di rci- 
p3 fuyi&ovg notvbv andnam toxk ray Ao/w - jtytnta* 
yap nam? tw uupvv nal av$Hr, nal ovpflovXtvovitg 
1} anoTQihorttg, nal foajTOflyteff jj omoXoyovfurou 
Tovtmp di dimQw&srtw, mql t«3*» fr&viiyftawv not- 
ftp iMQa&muwdirilr,9fu *xoptr, nal ntgl naoaduy- 
pdtw bnt»g t« Xoata nQoofrirttg, inojsliam(ju0 
vy* If 00W? nao&taw. *Bati di %m noiv&v to pip 
aytor, olhuoTutov totg imduxTinoig, Soizbq e?£ipr<M* 
to di yywbg, to% dtnavmoig' negl toviw yiqn *Ql- 
cig - to ft dvrativ nal iacutpov, joig ovpfiovfyv- 
%**oig. 

CAPUT XIX. 
Ztywror /b£p ov* moi dvyatSr nal &8w£t*p Ji- 
yi»jBW. *ks> oSj to iranlov p dvvatbr % tlvcu 1} ys- 
vie&cti, nal to toavilov ooSeifr ay thmdwaxov olov, 
ndvyarbr Sp&Q*mor vyuta&ipfat, nal voqiqoai* q 
ya$ avtrj dvvauig x&v banlprv, $ toavda* Kal d 
toofiowv dvwarw, nal to opotop. Kal d %b zt&*" 
nwTigo* dvrarb*, nal %b tftq*. #ai d to anovdaiow 



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RHETORIC A. LIB. ILjCAP. XIX lOf 

<y xaXbr y&io&cu dvratbr, *al oXwg y$yio&ai Jtico- 
joy jratarwieoojr yio, naA^ocx/er, 1} oix/«* «7?a*. 
Xal ov 4 a^rf Wyatai ytrw&ai, xal to wloff * oiM* 
yaf yIyvet(u,.ovdi Sfxnm yiyr$o&wr&v advvaiWi 
olor, to ovftprtQor tyr dia^urrooy «l^a* ovt* ay ao- - 
lauro yiyytodt*h ovm ylyrnat. JCai ov to T&ofe 
jr«iSy «o/^ oWttrq • anvna yaq l| a$w? ylyyrrou. 
Kal ti to tfcrreoo? Tif ov0w ij ti} ywtoi dwarbv y$vi- 
o&m, xal to *ro*>T«0oy • oloy, w arty* ytvio&ai du-» 
vaxaVy Kttl naldm • ffport oo? .yio. ix«*o yiyvttti * xaj 
•2 naida, xetl aVjoa* <*fjtf| ymg ixuyo. Kal up tguQ 
% im&vtUct q>4ou iath* oidds y*Q i&v a&vvi%mf 
tocj, ovo*' im&vp& ig M to ttoAv. Jfat «r eVrumi- 
/taf £ia* xaJi&ycu, tormov to$t« xai «Zjw *«• /«y£- 
tf&at. Jta* o<wr ^ aorif ti}$ /«Wa*ws I* Tcrvtoif 
larjy, a iftutf? avvy*Aw**ii*» «V , 5 ntiouipw • Tai/ra 
o*' «Vrti», AvngUrtovg, ij xvqmh, i yttoi. Kcu wf 
Ta pjpty oWari, xal to o W. JSuar2 & to clXoy £vy©> 
tov, xa) vifpiQU. & 7*9 BQoazuipa x«* x«gp«A*s xa} 
#m>r ytrio&ai twcnai, xa» vTrodtyiaTCf. dvvatau 
Kal ti vnodjftai*, *ui nq6ox*opa xal xupaXlg xul 
jnrwr. Kal u to yfro,; ©Aor t£>> dwawv ywio&ai, 
xal to tldog. K*l u to ri<Jo?, xai to y*Vo$. OloXj 
ft irZoTo^ yevia&at dvvettoy, xal Toiqoq* 'xa) «* To*q- 
oi?, xa) rcAoloy. i£«i «i &<xtsqo* to* nqbg SXXt}Xa 
ntavxirvr, not &Attqov otor, d ftnuUwoy, xul jjpt- 
ov • xa) 4 19/efioi;, ««} toilcrotoy. Kal «* a vtt; T^y^c 
^9r«oao»fv^ dwaioir furia&a* %i,iiilXov dia *i- 
Xvyq %ml toquktlag dvraror. v O&e**al 'Ayu&wn 

ttql\T€U $ 

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108 *" ARISTOTELIS 

Kal ftfjv x& ub yt Ttj jviy jngaooiw to di - 
€ H(ut arayxp xal xvxfj ngaayiyvetai. 
r Kal tl Twf /c/oooiy y §wo«r 17 ccqpooyfor/fqfg dwa- 
w, xat to*? ivavtloig uaXh** • wnrto «a* 'iooxpatq? 
*' 1^>ij ^ttyoy efrcu, el o /usV Ev&wa* tua&ir, avrbg Oe 
pi) dvyjoeteti evgtiv. Ilegldi ddwdztay drfiev, St* 
4x t&p ivanimv roig ngripivotg%itaqx^* -E* 8i yi- 
yortv r\ ay yiywtp, 4* rayli OMCTiior. /Zjp&iop ph 
fag, tl to iytTdy yiyvto&ai xstanxbe ytyor*, ytyovbg 
av tfrj xrtl %o paXXw* Kal tl to vattgor u**&b$ yi- 
fno&ai yiyovt, xal to ngottgop yiyovtp * olor, tl 
fyciXiXijata*, xal tua&i not* tovto. Kal tl idvparo 
aal ifiovXtto, ningayt' naptteyag, Star dvraptvoi 
povX*)&wo$, ngartovGir- iuno&m yag ovdiy. ~£u 9 
tl ipovXtto, xal p7)$lr twk 25<h> ixuXvt* Kal tl dv- 
rator, xal &gyi£tta* Kal tl i8vrato> xal tot&vptr 
&S yag inl to noXv, w* ogiyovtat, &w dvvwrtai , xal 
Ttoiovatv, oi pip yavXoi, dt axgaaiav ol d* iuutxug, 
in t«V iJtmx&v im&vpov<n. Kal tl ZpeXXt ylyrt- 
o&at, xal nomr- tlxbg yag ibv ptXXovia xal jro«i- 
aai. Kal tl yiyovtv, Saa ntyvxtt ngb ixtlvov, tj 
Jytxa ixtivov • oUnr, tl ijatgatfn, xal i^oyxijct • xal 
e* imlgaat,xal UngaSt. Kal ft, Saa voTtgo*n$q)vxei 
yiyvso&ai^ % ov tvtxa yiynpai, yiyopt, xalti ngoxt^ 
gov, xal to tovTov wtxa yiyoptr* oloy, tl ipgortyot, 
*alijozgay>f xal tl titgaSe, xal ixtigaotr. "jSoubi 
%ovx<av andrTMV, top fib iS avayxyg • %a di, &g iitl to 
noXv ovtotg ^on«. JItgl di tov (if) ytyovi*ai, a>av&~ 
$bv ou ixwr ivuvxbtiv rolg ttgnp^oig • xal ntgl 
rov ioopivov, ix twv avj&p dyXw to, rt yag 4* dv- 



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RHETORIC A. LIB. II. CAP. XX. m 

vapsi xctl povlriati ov, terra*. Kal id iv int&vpla, 
xal oqyji, xal Xoywpt? ptxi 8vydpt(ag ovra. Jii 
ravia xal el iv bqpj} tov noieiv f\ ptXXrjoti, IVtfaf &$ l 
yaq inl tp noli yiyvexai pdXXov t« psXXovra, rj xa 1 
pi piXXona. Kal u nqoyiyovtv , oaa nqotiqov flrs-- 
yvxti yiyvta&ai * olov si owytytt, tlxog vera*. Kal ei 
to tvtxa rovxov yiyovt, xal^rovro uxog ytvio&af • 
olov, el &epiXiog, xal oixia. Utql Se peyi&ovg xal 
pixqoxrjTog tiov nqaypdxtov, pU^ovogtexaliXdxxovogi 
xal %Xvg ptydhav xal pixq&v, ix x&v nqouqupwiM 
Tffuviart cpavtQQv. Iug7)Tcu yaq iv xotg ovpfiovXtv- 
xtxotg neqt x* psyi&ovg aya&cov xal ntql xov psl£o- 
yog aixXag xal iXdxxovog. *taoV, insl *«£* Txaator 
Twy Xoywv to nqoxdpevov xiXog aya$6v- iativ • ojoy,' 
to ovpyiqov, xal to xaXov, xal xo SUotiov * yavtqov 
ou 6V ixeivwv Xr^nxiov tag avSrjostg naoi. Te W 
naqct xavxd xi ^xtXvntql peyi&ovg dnX&g x~al vmq- 
oxijg, xevoXoyeiv k»' xvquazeqa yaq ion itqhg ry? 
ygtlav x&v xa&oXov, xd xa&ixaoxa x&v nqaypdxtwi 
Utql pev ovv Svvaxoy xal dSvvdxov, xal noteqov yi- 
yovev, % o v yiyovt, xal carat, 1} ovx lata*, fii di tteql 
peyi&ovg xal pixq&xqxog x&v nqaypdtnv, $lqw&<» 
xavxa. 

Caput xx. 

'Aomov tilt ntql x&v xoiv&v nlortw Snaatv tJ- 
nilv, intlmo eVqfixai ntql x&v Ibiwv. JSiol 8 al xo*- 
val nlaxeig, 8vo x& yivti, naqdduypa xuliv&vpfiptf 
%yaq yv&prj % piqog iv&vpripaxog ioxu Jlqmov piv 
ovv ntyl naqadslypatog Xiyaprv • opoiov yaq tTtayw- 
yjjl to paqaQttypa • y 6* inaytayi, iqx^ Haqa8t*f~ 

^ Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



110 ARISTOTEtlS - 

pawy $ ' tflhj bvo iath \ ty pb yiq tart naQoAdyfta- 
vog tidfig, to Xiytiv nQ&ypntanooytytviipba • & $•, to 
ovToy ^oxcty. Tovtov d' fy p*y , ntxQaftoXy ' ty to, 
koyoi' olop ol Alownitoi xal Mpvxoi. "jEatt 8& to 
ftty naqaduypa toloydi t*, Santo a* t#? Aeyot, St* o» 
nope fiaotXia naoaaxtvitso&aL, xa.1 pig i$y jRyv- 
ntoy xuQ&aae&ar xal yiq nqittqov Jaouog oi noo- 
ttoov fai^ti, noly Afyvntoy Xctptiv Xafioty dip dupy. 
'JCa* ndXtv, EiQ$ris oi nqottooy fcm/oqat, nob -? 
tkafiu* Xaflwy di, Sdfif)* matt xal ovt©$„ Sr Xdfifr 
dtafiiiosTcu* dib.ovx initotmioy. UaoafloXij Si, %a 
Sumoauxa* olov tXtig Xiyot, on ov dt% tovg xXtj- 
gajovg Sffzttv • opoioy yaq, Santo cf ti$ tovg a£lij- 
*af xlitfoiT}, pi} -oa ay fvywyrou ciy<avlfao&ai, aX£ of 
5* Iqftfoty* ^ T«y rciUn^wy ov «fa ife* xvfftoyiy 
xXr)ot*otitv, Sg Hov toy Xaj(6yta t aXXa pq Toy inmd~. 
ptyoy. Abyog di, olog o St^a^xaqov noog Q>dXaQW, 
xal Aio?Snov into tov dypayiofov. Strialxoqog fih 
y&Q, kXopiy&v atqaxriyoy avtoxqatoqa t&y*Ip,tqaimy 
CaXaQiv, xal ptXloytwy yvXaxrp fob* ova* %ov o&pa- 
tog, taXXa foaXtx&tlg, tlntv aitotg Xbyoi**Jlg iTtnog 
xcn&zf Xtifiiva ftivog* (X&ovtog 6* iXdqtdv, xal dta- 
ay&tiqbvtog tip yopyv. fiovXofityog tifmqqoaa&ai 
%bv tXaqjoy, tjQtora W av&ownov, #2 dvrcuto ptt al- 
ley xoXiocu toy tXaipo*. *0 ft* tyqaty, iiy Xdfy jfca- 
hpby, xal avtbg ayaflp in aitbv,tzwr axoytta. -2to» 
QfioXoyyoaytog Si xal ayafi&nog, avtl tov Tip&qijaa- 
o&ai,aytbg itiovXtvoty JJfl^ t$ dystonia. Stat di xal 
lung, tyi, hqatt, urj, tovg noXtfilov$ fiovXopt&ot 
iijuoQijoaa&ai, tavtb nd&tin t$ tuny • ?6y fup yog 

■ Digitized by GoOgle 



* RHETORItfA. LIB. II. CAP. XX. Ill 

XaXsvop qdi} l#rre, tXop&oi atQmtqyoy alroxfdroga\ 
iav Si yvXetnriv dirt, xal dvafftpai Idgipt, dovXev- 
psttifin &*l*Qtdt. Mounog d$ to Ja/t^ awij** 
yogwv dypaywyf xotroptoy ntgt S-uvajov, tipy, *Ar 
hankxa diafivUvovow notupox, chrfiKrfjjiraf «$ (pdqay- 
pa* ov dwapto*,* de ixfiyvai, ftalitx zqqyqv xaxoxa- 
$ux, *«2 xvxooaUrtig noXXoitg tyto&cu avtyg * ($~ 

iqonqr, %i d<p&oi aitijg tovg xvxogaiotig • rqy'c^i ova 
Ipy * igoftdvov d$, && tit <p<*v<*h ou oviot pto nXr^qug 
pov 1J811 dot, **l oUyop Uxovaiv alpa* idv Ss tov- 
tovg aipilp, hyoi iX&orttg 7mrayrig, ixmoivktd 
pov to Xowthp ' aluct. *Arag ovv xal vp&g, egpTj, a> 
Svdqsg ^dpiot, ovtog pix oidto It* fiXdntw nXovowg 
fig iattx • idx di tovtox i&oxtibqtt, h$QO* ifeova* 
udxytBg, o? vpTx dvaXfoovok ti xotxi xUmovtkg^ 
Eial d*~pi Xoyoi dijprjyogixol, xal - txovaix aya&ov 
xovtQi Sti ngiypmta }dx *Sq4x opota yeytxypiva, 
ZaXmor^Xoyovg di,^oy. &oi%am yog dtt vonto 
xal nagafloXdg, Sv tig bvxqtm to opowx oq$v, onif 
$6x iaihw ix <pdooo<plag, 'l^w ph ov* nogioao&ak 
ti dtitax loynx* £?3<npt»{fpa fri ngog to (lavXtv- 
oao&cu, ti fag tmx' ngaypitmxr opwu ydg ig in\ 
to noli, ti piXXoxta totg ytyoxooi* Ail de XQna&ct* 
to%$ naoadeiypaai, pn &ovt(* pto ix&vpnpetta, &g 
anodtlZwix • rj ydq nlottg did iovtux* %xovta d\ wg 
paqrvqloig, imloyoig xqvpsror toil to&vpqpaou 
Hqot&iptv* pto yiq tows* ijutywyy* totg di $rj%o~ 
gtxotg oyx oix$o* inaywyij, nXip to oXiyoig* iniXs- 
ydpwa de, pagivgioig* o di pigt¥g,nartaxovm&oy* 

/ 

~ Digitized by GoOgk 



104 ARiSTOTELIS 

Tifc tv&aipoylag* oaXaxweg di xal oiXotxoi, did to 
nirtag tita&ivai dtatQlfletv ntqijbtyafitvovxal&av- 
fiatop&o? in avrmv, xalxb o\'€o&cu{t}l9vv xovg aX- 
Xovg, «\ xal aixoi, "Apa di xal Hxoxatg xovxo na- 
ogovo*' noXXol yog tloiy oi d so pivot x&v ixorrmr. 
*Q&w ualioJBuiwidov tfyiprairao* xw ooq>&v xal nXov- 
oiwv, nqbg xip yvraixa xt}* 'iiouvog, fyopivtir, no- 
ttqov ywio&ui xgutxov nXovaiov, ij ooq>6v; nXovaiov 
tinuy roig yio oopoig ogyv inl xaig xd\v nXovoim 
&6qatg [>ew>] duxtfiftopxag. Kal xb oXta&at a£loyg 
tbcu aoxnp" %x*w T**Q olonai, wvtvsxevaSwv agr/«y. 
'Kal cue & x*paXaii», aVoi/Toti evdalpoyog i)&ovg t © 
nkovxog iau. diaq>iou is twj vwojI xmypiyoig 
xal tolg ndXai xd fj&rj, iw anavxa pdXXov, xal <pav- 
kixtoa xd xaxd %xw tovg ytonXovzovg • wotubq ydg 
-inaidsvaia nXovxov iatl xo vsonXoviov ityai. Kal 
&&ixtjpaxa ddixovow oi xaxovgyixd, aXXa- xd piy 
•vfaujTtxa, xd di axqaxtvxixa 9 olov ug aixiay *«* 
potxdav. " * . • 

CAPUT XVU, 
'Opoimg 8b xal neol dvvdpstog oztdov xd nXwrta 
g>ay sgd faxw v&y • t« /ueV ^wo, ia avta tfcw ^ flvya- 
fti? tw ?riovrw k t<* o*e /SiXrlw. 4>iXoxip6xtgoi ydg 
xal ardg&dioTBQoi tiaixd ij&r) oi dvydpsvoitQJvxXov- 
altav, did to iopko&ai egytoy, oaa i$ovaia avxdig njMT- 
%uy bhd xijy dvvapiv. Kal onovdaoxixaugoi, dut to 
4p imptXtla etvat, dvayxatopwoi oxon&v td ittg* xr\v 
dvvafiiv. Kal otpvottgoi § fiagvrtgot ' notu udg 
ijjyavsQviQovg to a£i&fia* dioptTpidCovoiv Sot* diij 
oi^yoTi};, ftuXaxii xal wax^ny {3aqvttjg t Kal id* 



DigflzedbyC DOgle 



RHETORICS LIB. II. GAP. XVIII. 105 
idmwnp, ov fiiugafaqtal •*W, tila ptyakidixot; 
f H &* tVTvtfa xa popm %x** w MQnpbwv vt jg£q • 
dg fig xavxa wrreirovetr m piyurxw fatovirai tZ- 
f« 9vtvzi«i • xa« IT t* it? fvx$xviap. Kal xi nati to 
aw/EMt ayct&ct nagmaxtvatu fj . siftr/la iiUopbmjup. 
* TntQTiqHxwoitQQi pfr o w, jcetl aloymoxtgot d$i tip 
eirvxtay uoip. "gv d* omoXov&h (KXtunop y&og tJ 
evtvxia; oti <pdo&$oi dotp, *al i/owi ngbg to &&op 
nmg, Biox'tvorttg diet xi yiyraptpa aya&a anb xyg 
tvxtjg. Htgl flip ovp w «a#* qltx/ar xa} tv/^v. 
q££j' cfoipMH • t« 700 ivctrtla xup tigtifihuap 4% tup 
iyartfap yctrega iartp* oIqp vfyqtos ual atvxovg 
*l&og, xa* advrajov* 

c CAPUT XVIII. - m 
*12ntl If q x&p mdenm* Xoywp XQW*9 ngbg ugiaip 
Aflrf* ntgl wp yag foptp xa* xtxgixafitr, ovdir S» ft? 
IbyW Sim to, up t§ ngbg tva Xigxg*W**og t» Xoyy 
ngoxginrj f\ anoxgtotj* olop olrov&stovpxtg notoioip, 
tj ntl&orttg* oitiir ymg terror xgarfg 4oxw tig • or yig 
du nuaai, oixig imtp, tag anlw; tlnur, ugixtjg,: lap 
Tt ngbg ipfiofiiitovpttt, tap ft ngbg vno&wip Xiyy 
xtg, ofioiag • x% yag Xoyto ipdyxti XQV<*& al > * a * «r**- 
fet? xapapxla, ngog a woro? apaHopqxovpxa xpp Jlo- 
f or iroi«*Ta* • wrtcvTw? fli * a* Ir *o*e inideixxtMgig • 
jffvi^ /ao 1106$ xoinjy, xor &$»gbp i ioyog avpiaxi^ 
9& • otaf & poro? «V aroUfc An* nomg? o & to,** 
0o2ct«koI( aywnxa tyrovpeva ugbw ta t< yagap- 
q*apfftQVft9P* (rjteitat nug fati, *al ntgl mv (lovUv- 
opxw two J to T«5r *a»o riff nolitslag q&&v Iv loig 
QvpPovUvtucoig ffyijTcawooTeooy «ai« di»gujfUpopan 



, y Google 



106 ARISTOTELIS 

&H> wfitf «i *<& oat fiyw tov$ lo/ov$ Tovf if^***^? 
jroMJ^o^w. 'fijrw M nOfi inaatap pip yipogtmpXoywp 
htqwtt to tiXog qr, ntQlanaptmr d* ait&p dXyppi- 
pirn doUu nal itfotaeug uolp , 4£ m» tag, hiatus <pi- 
f ow* *«2 ovpfiovXtvoptdg , nal - jtaioVxyvoiTOff 9 
#ai op?M7/?frTow*t?' ir* $' $ & n&utovg %ov$ 
X&yovg irtizeicu noiiof, nal ntol tovtwf dwgt- 
ottu* Xomo* qfj&* ditl&uv my} t&p uoawr. ,J7i5- 
o% yciQ avayumov, to mol to* 6%patov nal advpatov 
ftqooxwoai 4v tdig Xoyotg 9 naltovgpip 9 $$ t<ruu\ 
toig di, Ag yiyovt, nttQaa&at fkutrvvai. • "JBU di «i- 
p# ptyi&ovg Monro* anuria* iotl tip Xoyw • jroro* o* 
fwo navxtg tw pupvp nal aZ$nr, nal ovpftovXsvopteg 
ij anoiQiriontg, nal ina&obttg q anoXoyovptpot* 
Toitwp di dwQto&irwr, mql tip ipfhtpyputMr *o*- 
*g nHga&iptpdm&p, $fti fyoptp, nal nsql nvoadny- 
putw on&g ta Xomi nQoa&bntg, anottXictsptP 
rqv 4$ aqzyg «f 6&tot*. v Eaxt di tip uoipip to ph 
ayUtP, olnuotatop to%g 4ntdunti»oig y &anto ei^Tcu* 
-to di yeyopbg, toig dmaptno%g* mgl toviw yio^ *o/- 
W ' to. di dwatop nail ioop&op, tolg evpfiovfav- 
ttxoig. 

CAPUT XIX. 
Jloitot pip ovr n$ol dvpatip nal advpatwp ti- 
yosfitv. *A* di to ipawtlop fl dvpatop ij slvcti tj y«- 
wWai, nal to harHop So$u*v up tbctidvvaioy olop, 
tiSvpatbp bp&Qtmop vyiau&Jp'Sh nal voqrjoai* q 
yao avty dvpapig tip havrletv, jj bxxrxta* Kal d 
to opowp dvpathv, nal to opotop* Kal «* to *oiU- 
nmnoop dvpatop, nal to $<*qp. #al u to axovfaio* 



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RHETORICS LIB. IL CAP. XIX 107 

q xaXor ywdo&cu dwtnjbv, nal afoot ytria&ai Jwm- 
Toy x«Xsnmefw y&Q, nal^v^otiar, n ohian foot. 
Kal ov q ctgxv bvvaeitn, ytrio&at, nal to T&og* ohdkf 
ya& /iprercu^ovd* afrerat ylyrto&atv&v a&vvaxwt\ 
oioy, to ovpftttQO* Tijy duxptiooy thai ovt ay ao- . 
$»*to /i/yea^a*, ovia yiymai. Kal ov to i&ofc 
**iSJ «o^ flvycrnj • anttvta yaq # ilflfis ylyrmu* 
Kal «* to vozfoov ttJ o*W« «j Tij yevivu dvratov y*v*~ 
o&m, nal to arotmooy * oloy, at crpfya ysvio&at dvt 
rotor, nal natda • rcportooy 700, ix*j>o yiyvetai • xcrj 
ti naXba, nal ctyjoa* ofjri ?•? intwo* Kal lap eoug 
JJ irti&vtUa q>4ou 4oriv oiddg yig tap a^wixwt 
40$, oW btt&vpei it M to 9ro&v* JC«* «y iTuorii- 
/*«/ eio* *«$ tizrat, Svrcttov ravta *«* e?yat ko* /iyo- 
cf^tti. Jfo* oow «J ao;w *!}$ 7«ytVr*4»? *V xtfvxoif 
loriy, w&g atayxdiwtpfv &v , 1} ntldaipw • t«vt« 
fl' &r}y, &v kotittovs, r^niquH, ty opftot. Kal ay 
*a pfyi) dvvara, nal to piloy* JRCorl »y to oipy ^vya* 
tot, nal la'piq^. SX •yag nqbexwua nal' ntq>alXg nal - 
£iT«i>y ytvio&tti dvrarai, nal i7todqpaja. dvyatau 
Kat ri vnoihjuaim, nal noooxtouo nal xupaXlg nal 
Xttw. Kal u to yivog oloy %»v dwat&y ywio&a; 
nal to tttog. Kal u to Ados, nal to yivog. 6lon 3 
u nXdtor ywso&cu Svyatov, nal toi^oi? ' '*«* *£ *?**- 
017, xa2 rrioloy. X«i e* #<mooy t<Sv nqog aXXyXm 
neawnoW, nal duxtgov • otoy, e* failaotov, xrf ^fo- 
ot/ • xai u %fuov, nal dmXuoior. Kal ti avtv rixvnC 
fj nagaontvrig dvvarhv ytvia&ai> %h,iAXXo¥ dia %ir- 
Xvyg nal imufaiag dwa%6y. °0&*+*al Uya&tm 

- " . Digitized by VjO 



10g * ARISTOTELIS 

Kal uijp r& (lip ys t§ xvxyjtgdooitp* %a &k * 
€ Hfur apayxij xai xvxy xgooylypexa*. 
r Kal e* xoTg xfifoetr 1} tjxx oatp q a*>gop*axigoiQ &vpa- 
%bp, xal rot? iyavtioig uaXXop * worn? *«* 'jfooKfcmj? 
*' $pij dupbp that, e» /u«V Ev&wof Mua&w, aixbg M 
fuj dtwioctett evoefr. Jltglfo abwaxw iylop, ou 
& x&p ipopximp x oig etoi?peVoirJ»aflr««- JS* di ye- 
yo*ey i} py yiywtp, ix turd* oxeroeor. ZZg&top uh 
fag, tl to yvtov ytypto&ai mqpvxbg yiyov*, yeyopbg 
Sv ttrj x«J xb uaXXov. Kal ei to vottgop uu&bg yi- 
ypto&ai yiyo?9, xal to ngoxtgop yiyopw olov, ei 
imXiXtiaxai, xal tya&i noxe xovxo. Kal ei idvpaxo 
. xal ifiovXno, ningay*' namtyag, oxax dvrauepot 
povXf)&wai, ngatxovoir' iunoawp yag ovdiy. "JEu, 
u ipovXtxo, xal prjSir xmp I3?« extuLve. Xal ei dv- 
raxbp, xal $gyit*to+ Kal ei idvpaxo, xal int&vuw 
£>g yag til to itoXi, w bgiyovxa^ &p 6*vpupxm , xal 
Ttoiovatv, ol pip q>avXoi, d* axgaaiap* oiS* tuutM&g, 
in twV inuixux im&vpovo*. Kal ei epeJUe yiypt- 
C&ai, xal noUip'tixbgyagrbpfuXXorTaualnoir}- 
era*. Kal u yiyoptp, oaa mqpvxet ngb ixtipov, ij 
&6xcr ixsirov * ofop, ei qaxgaifn, xal &(fy6rti}0$ • xal 
ei inslgaotfXal fcoalfe. Kal ei, oaa t/aieoor fteqpvxe* 
ylypsad-atj % ov tvtxa yiypsxat, yiyopt % xal to ngit*- 
gov, xal xb xovxov eVexa yiyopsp* olov, $1 ifigopxqac, 
xal qoxgatpB • xal ei iirgcge, xal indgaatp. "jtowi tie 
roviwv anapxwp, xa flip & apayxx,g • %a di, &g inl xb 
noXv ovxmg fyopxa. Htgl di xov pi} yiyovipai, qwpt- 
gbv ow ix wr ipapxlmp xolg ugrydvoig * xal negl 
xov ioopipov, ix xup avx&p difap * xb, xt yag (r oV 



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RHETORIC A. LIB. II. CAP. XX. m 

votfisi xctl povXrjoet or, torcu. Kalxa ip int&Vfilti, 
xal oqyfj, xal Xoyiopo) ptxa tivydfUtog * ovxa, Jii 
xavxa xal el ip oo^ijj xov noieip tj fitXXyoii, taiai* «$' 
yaq inl to nolv yiypexat paXXov t« piXXovxa, rj to' 
py fxiXXovra. JCal u nqoyiyovev 9 ooa nqoxtqop 9rc-~ 
yvxn yiypea&ai • olov el owptopei,' eixog voai. Kal ti 
to trexa xovxov yiyope, xal "tovto tlxog ytv&o&ai • ■ 
olov, el xtepeXtog, xal olxla. Utql tie peyi&ovg not! 
fiixQOTTjjog x&v nqaypaxtop, [iU£ovogxexaliXdxxorogi 
xal oXag psyaXwy xal (iixqwv, ix x&p Ttgotiqrjfieywy 
yfup'ioxt (pavtQQv. JET^Tat yaq Iv xolg ovppovXtv- 
xtxoig neql xt peyi&ovg aya&wv xal neql xov /«/fo- 
yog aizX&g xal iXaxxorog. "Jlax.ijiel xah* fxaator 
xwp Xoyav to nqoxei/tevoy xiXog aya$6v- ioxw o\ov> 
to ovpopioov, xal to xaXov, xal to tiixaiov qpaveqov 
ou d! ixeipetv X^nxeov tag avZfouq naot. To $i 
naoa xavxa ti fax &v neql [isyi&avg anX&g xal Imo- 
oxijg, xevoXoyup text* xvquazega yaq ioxi nqig ryV 
Xgtlav x&p xa&oXov, xa xa&ixaaxa x&p nqaypatw* 
JJtol pep ovv dvvaxoy xal aSvvdxov, xal noxeqoy yi- 
yovey, % ov yeyove, -xal tar at, 1} ovx lata*, eu tie* neql 
fieyi&ovg xal pixq6xr\xog xwP nqaypatup, e*oija#» 
xavxa. 

Caput xx. 

Aomop fa? ntql %<ap xoipwp nlaxtwp Snaatp it- 
nuy 9 inehteq e\qr\xat neql x&p Ibiw. JSiol 8 at xoi- 
yal nioxeig, tivo xa yivu, naqadetypa xulip&vfififia* 
yyaq yydfifj % piqog. iv&vfiripaxog ioxk. Homoy (tip 
ovv niql nagadt(yfiaxo9 Xtyupey • opoiov yaq btayia- 
yy to naqaitiypa* 17 S' inayayr\ f iq%r[. JJaqaiuyr 

D,g,t,zed by GoOgle 



110 ARISTOTEtlS 

paxuv £ ' ttlhi Wo Arr/r \typi* ydg iatt nag adtiyfio- 
%og eldog, to Xiyuv nqdyftaxangoytyvf^yiha • & £«, to 
ovtoV ^o*etV. Tovtov £' & piv 9 nuQafioXy' & de, 
loyoi* olov ot jlovmeia xal AtfivxoL JEari 6* to 
ftiy naQadnypa xoZovdi t*, (uaJTf o «* **$ JUyoi, ot* 6k 
arop? flaadia nagaoxtvd&o&cu, xa) pi\ i$v Jtyv- 
ntov xttyvaao&ar xal yag ngoxtgovjaguog ov n$6- 
?tgov diifin, nglr AXyvnxpv Xapuv Xapwv d$, dupy. 
'Kal ndUv, SiqSne ov ngoxegov fam/pqof, nglv 1} 
fXaflf Xafiwv Of, Sdftr) 9 moxsxal ovxog* a? lAPfl, 
8uxfttio$Tai' dib.ovx totxgmxiov. llagapoXij Si, xa 
Jfomgaxixd • olov etxig Xiyoi, on ov du xovg xlif- 
Qwjovg £ffz*& * opotov yag, wmtg cT tig tovg d&Xti- 
%ag xXtiQoiq, fit} -o* av Qvvmrxou dywviteo&at, iX£ 0$ 
vv Xdxtaoiv % xmv nXaxtjgw ov xiva del xvfiegvijcv 
xXygvowv, £g 8iov xov Xaxovra, aXXa pq to* inund- 
psvov. Aoyog de, olog ^xyoixogov ngbg Q>dXagv* t 
xal Jms&tiov vmg %ov dryiaywfov. Stqalxogog ph 
fig, iXo/iivav exgaxriybv avxoxgdxoga x&v'Xftsg'aluv 
&dXaoiv,xal ptXXovxmv yvXaxrp fob* ova* tov ovpa- 
tog, xaXXa diaXtx&Wp &*sv avxoig Xoyov*Jlg fjtnog 
xanuxe XuftUva pivog* (X&ovxog o° iXdqt&v, xal <fca- 
qy&elgovxog xip voprjv. fiovXoptvog ttpoiQrjoao&ai 
%bv tlaq>ov, ijQwta W av&gwxov, #2 dvvauo firr* av- 
%ov xoXdoai Toy tXayov. *0 8' Sgpifae*, iav Xafy jfto- 
Xivov, xal aixog draft?} in avxov,szw axovxut. -2V*- 
opoXoyiioavxog oV xal avapdvxog, ivxl xov Tt/uppqaa* 
o& at, ay tog iSovXtvoev ydrj xy dystonia. Ovtto &i xal 
vuug,i<pr), opaii, uy, xQvg noXtplov$ (lovXofi&o* 
vwtfoao&at, xavxb nd&qxe x$ tuny • xov fit* yog 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



RHETORICS. LIB. II. CAP. XX. Ill 

Xaltrop n&i) fyttc, hXopwot ar?*T*iyQr avToxfarofa* 
4ar Sb qwl&nriv 8pu, xal araprpai, A&atftf,- dovXev- 
<rm jf&? &*Xaipdi. Mcunog &i jy £apy ovyr^ 
yogwy dripay^yf UQwopiry ntQl&avaxw, «$>#, '^ 
hamxa diafiatrovaar notapov, oWfiKrfijyaf fig ipdqay- 
yv ev dwapbyv to toPivai, naifor xQoyor Kexoxa- 
#£r, xal xvrogaurtag noXXovg tfxea&ai avz%g* tfi- 
vov di nXar&ptvo*, mg tldtf avxrp, xaxowttlqarta 
iQorufp, ti oqp&ot airing tovg xwogatotag • xr\vdk oin 
iff -■ igoptoov Si, 9 A ti, yarcu, %u ovtoi piv nXrjgtig 
pov fjdy tlal, not bUyow Uxovoiy alpa* 4&v di ioi- 
tovg ayilfi, htyot, iX&ovttg mirwyrtg, tontoiritui 
pov ti Xomhp aluch Uxag piv xal vpag, %q>r\; $ y 
avdqeg ^Saptct, ovtog ph oidfo £r* pXantw nXovoiog 
yiq forty * lb* di toitov im>x%*hni%%, frt pot ifeova* 
airy-tig, 0? vpiv avaXfoovo* tit xwi xUatovt^ 
Mai S*~pl Xoyoi drjprjyogixol, xal - ifcovatv aya&ov 
Tovxo* on noaypata pi? tv$$y opqta ytyirr\piva> 
Zalmov^Xoyovg te,$(jtQV. Hotrpai yctq Su SLento 
xal noqapoXag, av ttg bvrntai to opotox oQ<pv, onif 
$ov iaiiv i» <pdooo<ptag. € jRfa p$v ovx nofhao&ak 
to dtamv Xoyw* jto^ojjtutftfoo $i noog to ^Joyicv- 
aaa&at, ti (k& tw* nqaypatmxr opoja yao ig in\ 
to noli, to piXXorta tdig ysyoroot. Jit de xqijq&cu 
tdig nagabtfypaoi, pr) %xona pto to&vpypaxa, £g 
anodtiSBOi* • rj yag ni<mg dia tovrtav * txona $\ &g 
paqtvqloig, imXoyoig ZQvpBror htl todvptjpaou 
IlQOTC&iptva pip yaq toixpy inayuyfi • tolg di fifto** 
gtxoXg oil* oXtUiov inaymyn, nXip to oXiyoig * IniX*- 
yoptra de, paqivqloig * & di piqtyg, nartaxovm&a- 

/ 

Digitized by GOQg\Q 



112 ARISTOTELIS 

vbg. Jib *oil ngon&im fri* Stvdyx^ noXXd Xiyw 
imXiyovn di, xeil h Ixavov • fidgtvg ydq maris xa\ 
tig XQ *\<tH*Q$* Jlooa fi$p ovv atftq nagadHy/fdtmr^xal 
nag avxoig, xttl nbrt xgy<rtior, etgtjrai. ' , 
CAPUT XXI. 

JOsgl dtyptofioXoylag, (rjObtogrlioriyviipfyiiaXiot* 
uv yivoixo (pattgbr, nsgl nolw re, xal not*, - xal th- 
aw affiomt xgn*&** r 4 YW»l*oloy&* & vote Xoyoig. 
9 Eon M yvwpy, ombyatroig, oi /utrrot mo) x&p xade- 
UttOToV olov, npibg rig *I(f>ixgdtT)$ • aAAi xa&oXov 
oxntntgl ndrtwp xa&oXov • olov, on to bv&v tw x«ji- 
nvlw ivavtlot * otXXk n$gl oow al ngd$u$ slot, xal 
crtorra rj qpevxra ion ngbg to ngdaauv. ''Slat itul 
ia iv&vfir^iara 6 mgl roiovtetr ovXXoytofiog lore, 
OXtdov ib it ovpntgdopxtxct r&r iv&VftrjfidTtor, xal 
al agxai, acpatgi&ivTog xov ovXXoyiopov , ympai 
tloiv. Oloy, 

Xgfj 8* ov no&, Song dgxiygw niyvx dvr\g, 

fZotidotg ntgiao&g ixdiddonso&ou goq>oig. 
Tovto (jib ovp yvtow ngoaxt&thf\q de rfc ahfagl 
nal tov did ri, iv&vptipa carat to ana* • oloy, 

Xmglg ydg aXXrjg, Tjg c^ovo*?, dgyfag, 

frd-ovor ngbg dorm dXtpdyovot oW/neyiJ. 
"jfctf to, 

Ovx sonv, Sorts ndrt dvr t g tvdaipovti* 
^Ca» zb, . 

Ovx t&tiv avbg&v, Sorts tat tX&u&tgog \ 
yvtvpil • ng}>g ds r$ l£°/*&tp frd-vpigfia • 

"H XQypdj(or ydg dovhog iertv, jj *VXH$* 
El drj ion yvriftt) rb dgwfrov, dvdy*\ tfrrctgu *ha* 

Digitized by VjOOQlC ' 



RHETORICA. LIB. II. CAP. XXL 113 

yymptjS tl'dtl' rj yao pet in^Xoyov Jmcu, rjivwtjrt- 
loyov. 'AnofcUtug piy ovy titoptycU daw, Sea* na- 
fccAoloV ti Xiyovaiy, ij apfpta^tovptyoy ooatdi pij- 
dkr naqidolov, itvtv indoyov. Tovtuy 9* ivdptrj, 
*o$ piy, tw to nooiymv&cu, pydiytsfo&atifuXoyov • 
otov, ^ • 

jfrdol y vyiahuy Sftotoy tori*, &s y ftf&y douC* 
tptdynm ph yio tolg voXldig ovtto* tig ft* crjta It- 
yopdrag, diijiqe tlvai im/tXiyaaty • oXov, 

OvSug loaatfe. Sorts, oi* asl ydtl. 
T&p $i pit todo/ov, at pir> iy&vpijpatog idfog tU 
oh • Haitte, 

Xfb'8* ov no& % , 9attg aotlyQw \ 
old* ir&vpypatutal ph, ov* iv&vpripatog di pi- 
oog* ulmonai paltara Bvdonipovoiy. Eioid' mvtat, to 
. oomg ipqxtiynai tov Xiyofiivov to (&nov • oloy (v 

'A&dy*toy ooyijy pi) yvXarn jhtftog &>• 
To p*v yio tpayat, prj 9ur atl (jpvlattuy jtjv lqyi\v, 
yytipy to ds nqoaxuptvov , &yrjtop ovtu, to dia ti 
teyn. "Opotov &i *ai to, 

dyvti xw tiy Qvatov, ov* a&avara toy drarov 
t ^ ' yooviiv. 

<Ptt9tobv oiy i* iwv tloypivny, nooa tt tl'drj yvtipw, 
xorl ntol nolo* taaotoy vopomt* JXtol uh yav t&y 
ippioprjtovpfo&y, ij notoadolm, ptj aytv indoyov, 
£U' ij nqo&iyra toy tnlXoyoy, yvoLpy XM^** *$ 
ovputoiopw oloy, tXiig tlnm, 'Eyu piv oiv,b*U- 
dii ovtt <p&ovt?o&ai, dii, ovt iqyov thai, ov (frjpl 
xtf*** itcudivtti&w f) tovto ngotmSnu, tiiwt&y ti 

Arist. Rhet. H 



114 ARISTOTBliIS 

tpnooo&tp. Ueol di fir fit) naqadofap, o&giwMi, 
nqovudirta to Ikon dtooyyvhitata. 'Aqpotn^ 6 ' 
ip to%g to*ovtotg,.xal to jiaxavtxa a3to(p&iyfiaxa,xal 
to alpiypaxtAq * olw , tlxie liyoi oniy ^fffcixogog 
h AojtyoXg tlntv, on ov Su vflourxag thai, oxmg py 
oS xftxiysgxapo&xp poWiy. jtypoxxu Si ynouolo- 
yii,v, qhhlq, fdp Trqtopvxtqor ' molds xoixmp, mp tju- 
nuQog tvg ioxlp. Jig to fdppii xqhxovxop opxa ypm- 
poXoy&p , anqtnsg, woisig x*l to pv^oloyup* %o di 
n*ol nv anstqog, r\li&u>v xal anaidevxop. Styuiop 
d' Ixavov ol ybo iyooXxot pihaxa yvtopoxtmoi zlai, 
xal (adlwg fXTHHpalvorrai. Ka&olov Si py opxog, 
xa&olov unup, piluna agpoxxu it oxetluwpf, xal 
dtumaw xal h tovtotg^ *5 vqxQP&op, if aicofetearta. 
Xqrio&at, 6s d£ xal taig xs&QvlXr)fu*aig xal xotyalg 
ypoipatg, £p «i0*£figoty*ot' & ia Y*Q T0 ^«* *o*val, 
vg opoloyovpxwp anavxaw, oo&wg 2fr«*r doxovow 
olov nagaxalovpxi *U to xip6vpsi&hp pfl&voap&povg, 

l&g oiwog Sourrog, ipwBO&ot nsol naxotig* 
xal inl to qxxovg opxag, 

Svpog bvaliog. 
xal M ti ipcuq&p tip (x&Q&pxh tixyu, xal ptflb 
idixovpta* 

Nqmog, og narioet xx*bag f nalZag xataUhtou 
*En $yuu t&v naooquw, xal ypmpal natp • olov %a~ 
Qoipla , *Atttxog itaooixog. A& & tis ypoipag li- 
yup, xal naqit to dsdyfioouvfripa' Xiyoydi dtdrjfAoai* 
sviUya,olop to, rpv&i oavxop • xal to Mqdip £ya> • 
otap jqto q&og yalyto&au pilXot (Minor, ij na&qti- 
xag dgmUpop taxir. *ior* di, na&xjmig pip, tf w$ 



, y Google 



RHETORIC A. LIB. «. CAP. XIL 115 

ogyi$&p*r6g yedji, tywdog that, 6g d& yiyvmozetr*i~ 
%vp* onto? yevv «l lylyvmtomr avtbr, obn a* nor* 
OTQcntiyu* qSfoae. Ti di y&tg (HXuor, Zu ov dtl, 
&amq <paol, <ptX#t &g JUtanJoowF*, «Ua pallor ptoup 
&g <ptXff00P%a. Ju di ?j} JU$«* *ij* ngomiotaw dijlovp* 
tldi pq, VP °^ indiyvr* y*top> § otfa)f wroira, 

t«* imfiovlov yao dattoop* y ids, ov* aoigxu 
ti* ipol to Xtyoptpop" dU ycto %iv y itly&irbr tpllap 
&g qpiXtjaoyra atl yd&y. J£al ovdk to, pqdir ay aw 
dsl yao tovg t^nanoig Syap ptour. jEzovat d* us 
rovg liyovg floq&nar ptyilipr, pimp pfr dy, dti rip 
tpo^tmovqia iw infoawp* jra/foro* ymq, imp t$g 
mm&ilov liyvtv, imtvxy tmp do£np ag ixtlroi mati 
fityds ifrovcw. e, M &y», *5U«* Sarra* &«• mpm di, 
xaln&g dtlavtitg dyotiw tj ph ymq yr£pri,&ni9Q 
ttofitah xadiXov tnioyavolg taxi' zafyovai de »m&6- 
lov Isyopjpov, o umtapiDogTSQovitoXmppmpOPtigtvy- 
yapevoip. Olop t & tig yhoo* tvy$ %txqrpuvog if *i- 
xpoig yavXotg, anob&aix ay tov iiitoptog, ov5b> yw- 
toplmg tfxX&mtiQQP ' % Qtt oidsp tjl*&uaTSQOP ztxpo- 
noitag. "Slot* dd <w/afra£«*, nAg tvyx&poim, 
no%m itgovnolmpQip'orug • sl& ovtrn mq\ tovtwxu- 
&6kov XiyetP. Taityy di del pimp XW<h* *X*W ™ 
yy&poloy*ip f xcu htiemp uozivw y&txxnig ymq mu£ 
tovgloyovg. *U&og d' fyovai Xiyot, r iv oaotg dyl*; 
%noomloung, J&di yvmpai itaomi tovto notQWH, 
dm *b inQtpalvta&ai tov tipympn* Myorta %a&6- 
Xov Bfyl tm nQOcugttup * mat av /^(rra* whv «* ' 

yvwpcUf'xa* X9nQ*°n&n f<*bea&W natovoi thvliyw- 

H2 

Digitized by VjOOQlC 



116 - AR1ST0TELIS 

Xjn, HQrjv&m *oo«vi*. 

CAPUT XXII. 

Ueol to dr&vprjpmimv *m&ok*v t* &rrt»ptt, to* 
tQonov d& fatAp, nal pit* -$mvta, tovg tokoo?* »*- 

Ovrey&Qnfyfa&tv, ofce narta d& Xaftfiatovta ew- 
aysiv to fi*r /oo aeayh, 9ta f*%W to ft, ado- 
Uoxtct, fax to 4par$Qa ifyet*. Tovtb fbf ai'rtov xw 
*oo ttcoSmtdpoo? «Trcr# tow? **««ftwrow$ t&* »*- 
ytutdtvftnmv to xols e/Ao*;, •Hrtoo <fm*\? ol notrrral 
€ov$~«nou1kvt&v$ fraf $r&$ juoWJ««ntfoov?~Jty*tir. 
€>L (ucf f*p ti *<h*u *arJ to xo^&ov Xi/ovmv - ol &, 
i$ J* foeo^ «oi tw ^yv?. "toot* ov* If im&inm i** 
Soxovvtfȴ f StlS Ac tot i^lafdmr U*ti*v otov, r, 
rot; K$l#>vow f § org umiixovtu^ Kaltmite tf, 
5ft ov?» qxtirttcti SijXov #?*<*# 1/ waro**, ^ to?? «jl«- 
ototf • »«* ^ /koVw oW/ttv At r&> Arttyxator, iXXa 
*«» 4* w «ff lw? to ttdJttr. Jf^o* /ri* ovv oV* la- 
ptfr, ^nta^ oo M W/€»Kif«l otjlloj^sctfo*, efn 
*ro*it«<3 (ntUoyiopy , Ittf iitottaovv i txrayxa7or 
9tata toitov %tiv w wragjwTw, ij narta, y 
fact - /^ftp yio &«*, 1$ oyiwbf aV fyoig ovr- 
nfw. Aiy* ft, ohr, n»g it Jhpuxpattf ov^ov- 
Xtvtw^&yraioH;, tt itoXtfurriw^ jSt noXtpipior, 
M Crorw*, tfc ^ avytfjue avrtf*, wwj^r »^vrtt!i, 5 
^*^, 3 «/«*>*♦ **l «o«; *<W" *o;k?otodot > 



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4 



RHETOKICA. LIB. II, CAP. XXH. 117 

vsf Ji <?lX*t, uml ix$Q*l' stt> &$, xlvve noMpows nt- 
<juxUp%*a<Hi #0) nm$ f xri raXXa lit jotavra. Ka) 
4naowt>, upy <£0</4«y mjy iv 2aXctjjun vavfiaxiav, 
«} Tf v & MoQOid&vi P*XH*t % *<* vnty 'BqaxXtifiiav * 
-xQ<*X&i>r%*, rj mXXo « tmw tqwvtwy. *£x yig iwv 
vttaQz*v*wi? 9 1} dottewxm* vnaQXsw xctXHv, tnawova* 
ndvtMfr 'Ojtofag fa xal yiiywgir i* i&v ivayxluv, 
cxwsovrm %i vnaqxy, tatovtw otiiotg, % tioxsi vnag- 
xup + olov, Sju tovg "jBUqvmQ xajtHovHaarto, xa) . 
taig nx>*g ni> fim^fiagov QV^ax^ajUvovg ual «f *- 
artvaartag qpdfanodiQvrto Mywntas xal Uoridatii- 
tos * «■* Sua aiXa toiavxa, nal.it n aXXo apagvi*- 
aa towvtor vnaqx** aitotq. € Jlg $• avrw xal o* 
xazfiyeQovrt$s> *<& oi ixaXoyQvp&<H> i» ?£* v-nag- 
X&vcw oxonovpuiKH xatnyoQQvot xal anoXoyovvtai. 
Ovdkf fadwqpqu, n9Jt*J&w*to» t q daxiitttyovlap, 
y ar&Q&mtv, q &eop, ravto tovxo tyifv. KalyaQ 
avfifhvltw&t* «$ U&Wh *«** ixawovrtaxal ytiyov- 
xafxal xatftyoQdvrta xal anoXoyovfiwopinigairov, 
ik inaqgoma f} domvfta imaqx** Vpni©** v tv ix 
tovtmr Uymuw inawntrtss % ymyomt, ti f t* xaXbv 
vjtdpets fj aiaxQor • nmtqyaqaimQ $e y anoloyovps- 
voiy it rt dtxmoit % admow ' ovfiflovUvovrsg dt, ci' t* 
ovpxpiifo* ij fiXetfaor. 'Ouofas <M tovioig xal myl 
ngdyfMttog awmvp • ilor n$gl dixcuoofotjs, el Itya- 
&ov 11 undya&br, ixitmr vn^Mir tp iixaioovvji, 
-$ «? Aya#y 9 "JUri inudq xal warns ovtw ipcUvov- 
tcu oatoduxrvrtiS; £p t« m*$ifiion$QV, Sv %sfiaXa*a<>- 
isqov 0vXXoyL£oHtTMA* 6v yity 4$ wt&vxa* Xafifiu- 
vovotv, «JU* 4* tumntgl fawno* inttqx&wwfi xal Sim 

* ),g,t,zedbypOOgIe 



118 ARISTOTELIS 

iov loyov dylop yag, on £9vpatop JtXXmg dttxrvvw 
yartgov on apayxdiop, Soittg iptoti tomxoig, **?»- 
Toy ntgl haoior tjur i&dsypir* mg$ tw 4r4e/o/B- 
pwp xal ivy inixaigotarmp. Htgl di tip 4$ moyviov 
yiyropivwv, farti* top avtov Totfffor, inofiUnopxa 
jiq ug aoguna, ail* tig tee tmagxopta, ntg t ip o lo- 
yog • xal negiygacporra, on nXuora xal iyyvratrntov 
ngaypatog- Zata pip yog aV nXtko *jfam wr vnag- 
Xorrtav, tooovtm gcrdW duxpipai* oa% £* iyyvrcgov, 
tocovry oixttottga, xal jjTroy xotpd. Aiym di, xoj- 
papip, to inatp&p toV '^TfUfc or* av&gwtog f sea* 
St* Ti»y ipt&imp, xal oxt ixl to"lXioP Satgarwaato' 
xavta yig xal SXXotg vnagx** naXXotg* aoV &vdiv 
paXlop © Toiovrog*AxilXea tntm&y *j Jwptflf}p' tdia 
di, a pudsvl aXXtg <rvpP$(hfxtr t rj t$ ? A%ihM, olov to 
iatoxxUpat tbv"Exroga t top Sgunorxmp Tgm*p m xal 
top Kvxpop, of ix&Xwty ananas dnoficftonr, atg<th- 
tog £v notion pnaxaxog xal oix IVof«0O»> ivxga- 
ttvot * xal ooct aXXa xoiavta. JBlg pip ovp xgifkog 
%i\g ixtoy^g, xal ng&tog ovw 6 xomxig* Ta di 
QToiXua xip bfrvpupiimp Xiymptv* exotztiop di is- 
yu xal xonop hihvp^paxog vo wvxil Hgixa* d* tf- 
ntoptr, ntgl &r ipayxatop ti*& ngixor. "£<m yog 
%&p iv&vprjpatmr $T9rj Ho • wi pip yig, SuMttxa 
toxiv t on tarir, if ova taxt * tw di, Htyxxtxa • hoc dut- 
yigst, ianeg ip to%g diaXtxxtxotg, tUyxog xai cviXo- 
ytopog. *Eondi, to (Up dtmnxop ip&pfHfftm, toft 
opoXoyovpipwp owayttp* ti' di iksyxumop, to rA avo- 
poXoyovpwa avwayttp* 2%tdop~ pip ovp qpi* ntgl 
btaorwp T«y 9t9m tip fgifaipw xid ipaynmtvrfxw- 



, y GoegIe 



RHETORICA. LIB. IL CAP. XXIII. 119 

tat of ronoi' iSidtypbat yag at ngoidaeig ntglfxa- 
cxop uoiv ww £ «y &* tpigstv tot b&vprjpara to- 
ow, w«ol Afa&ov % nanov, rj xttlov fj aloxgoi, rj 
dinalov 7\ Adixov, nal mglt&y vftSnr nal na&ripd- 
itttr, nal f$«t»p* Aaavrmg tllyppbot ijpTv vnjxgxovat 
ngorrtgov ol tbno*. *Eit di nal alloy xgonov na&6-' 
Xoviugl anirttov lapapar, nal liyapw, nagaatjpeti^ 
vopsrot voirg Htynrixovg nal rovg aitoduntmovg, nal 
tovg 7w>_<paivopbwr b&vpijp*T<oy, oin orrw di h- 
-frvprjpcnw, fatimg oitii cvlXoyiapav, JrjXu&b- 
rwp di tovTtov, mgl xmp Ivoimp nal boxdamr duogU 
0**p$r, no&sp du ngog ra b$vpr\paxa q>ig*w. 

'CAPUT XXIII. 

*Ecnt 8s eTg fib t&nog r&v Setntix&y, i*%&y bav- 
tAw* fnydg oxottuv, tij^bavrita to bartlorvndg- 
XU* ivmoovrza pb, el pij vndgx*** nautontvdZovtm 
di, $lvnagxu* oloy f fyt to owygovny? dya&iv to 
fufanolaatalptif, piafogov. "li&g b t$ Mtao^rta- 
x$, JS* yog o nilepog atnogtw* nagovTwnax&v, p+* 
w Tifc ugrpyg dii faavog&wao&at. ICot • 
JSSritg yttg ovdi, votg nax&g didgaxoaw 
*A*ovolw$ t dlxcuov ug igyip nio&r, 
. Ovd* &y foayxao&ilg ng w dgdatt xtvi, 
Jtyoaqnor &** *£*' oytilsa&m X<*QW- . — Xal* 
M£ «Tw«o htb b figordig yevdw*o&* 
m&arov, vopl$urwn ?* **) iowartiov, 
"Anuri iltftn TtoXXa ovpflalviw figototg. 
*dUog in %mv hpolwmiamv * opoltag yag buinidg- 
%9tv, i? pn vmgxw olov, ou to dixaior ov7iav f aya^ 
&b • nal yitq w to dtnaktg • iw d* ovx alfnop, di~ 

S Digitized by VjOOQ 



120 ARISTOTELIS 

xaing auo&aPdp. "Mlog i* tw i*qq$ Sliqiob JEa 
yaq \fani(f(p tmagxti to xaXwc ij to Sutamg no^aat 9 
, $Qtfy<$ ta 7t$7vov$Gpa*. - Kal d xtltvaou, xal to 9c- 
noiyxbw olop mg o t*Ujj^c Jiofistiuv Tttyl xmv ts- 
Awmm', jBl yaf pqd*' vpivaloxQWib nmlur, ovd* y t iuy 
to twtte&au Kal d t$ nmoP&oxi to xaJlaijF ij 6V- 
*«fo? %m*QX*h *<*i *$ 7ton}oavTi * xa* « t£ noiyoav- 
t*> xa2 t$ mnorfron. *£<m d' h xovxtp netQotlo- 
yloaadai. JSt y£f dixattog and&up*, dixalmgixhtxip* 
&$p, aUl Towq ovx ini aov. Jib d& oxonuv jpoak, 
«I agio? 1 ?*«#»? na&up, xal o reoMjffafc TKHijaat : *£- 
Tor ZQV a & a h <*7toxiqfag aofioTt 6*. *Evbx* yaq OMtypc*- 
y«* to ToiotTo * xal ovd*y ftuiwt, ojarap frT$l4Ax/iai'- 
•m to v 0aooVxroty 

jfefqtioa $i rip <srp ovxtg ioriyu pQQt&pt 
yyol S* anoxqwofi&og, 

3 AXXa dtaXafiirxa XQV o*on&p* 
*EQO(Uvr\S M trig jtfuptoipoiag , nmg; vnoXafitiu 

Trp usr&aytiv eXQivav, ipe ds u% xtavtlv. 
Kal oloy ff rap} dripoa&ipovs dint}, xa* %&p ano- 
xxup&pxwp TVixaVooa • htd yitQ dixalcog ix^id^aap 
unoxTumi , dixalwg *do$w ano&avup. Kal ntql 
xov &ffiniHP aitb&aportog, ntgl ov ixiUv* Xf&aJ, si 
dlxc&og qtf aito&wr&p, wg oix aoW? Sp anoxxupoi 
xbp dtxaiag ano&apopta. "AXXog, ix xov uS&Up xal 
i)TT9y 61op 9 d fn^y ol &$ol nana *own r ox*£$ of f 
Spdymnoi" xovxo yiq dotty, tl, $ p&liop Sp vnigxot, 
pi vnaqx*h $j*o* oxi ovS* $ iJtto*. . J&# ow Toi^ 
nlfjafov xvmu, og ys xal xbp natty* xinxth ix xov, 



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RHETORICS LIB. II. CAP. XX11L 121 

si to firm* vJtuQXu, »ai to patyop vnaojcn ' xafr 
Znoisoop £p dip dsViou, u& ozt vniqxsi* sU? %u ou 
"j&ti d firjts paXXoy, jiyzs yTioy o&sp styyTar 

Kal cog pip blxxobg ntudag aitptiactg ncttyo, 
, Oiisvg 6* «o* ovxl r *&* lEXkddog unoXdeag 

KXsiv otaxor yovop; . 
Kal on, si prjdi Sfjatvg ridixqatp, ovd' 'diiZavdoog,. 
Kal si ph o* Tvpdaoidat, ovf 'Mi&aptyog. Kal w 
JldiQOxXov "Extuq, xaVAx&Ua 3 AX#avdoog. Kal u~ 
pri? o&tXXot «*ma* yavXoi, ovf ol 'q>d6oo<poA. 
Kal si l*H& y ol oroaztiyol yavXoi, on {jrtwpxa* 
noXXocxig, oid* ol aoanatal* Kal on, si du top i&w- 
%t\v it{<; vpstsoag dofyg ityfisXsto&ai, xcr* vpag %rjg 
ribP c J2&ijpw. ^AlXog, ixioju top jrpeVo* G*on*iv\ 
oloy tog 'icpixodxijg ip tJ ngog *AQpooiop 9 in „ si nol* 
noiyoai, y&ovr %r\g sUtipog tv^st*, iav noirjow, tdoxs 
av notojoopxt, di, ag ov Sworn? Mtj yoiwvfAiXXov^ 
jcg p&>, vmoxvua&s* Tra&orxtg f , ayaiQslg&s.'^Kal 
nail* nqog to Gri/Halovg ®llmnov dufrm* sig %yv 
'Arnxijv, „ow si txqIp fioq&ifroas sig 0sixsTg^Uov,VKs- 
oxorto av • axoixop ovv, si dwn nqoslno ual 4rti~ 
axsvos, fin dtqoovaiv." *AlXog,ix tstp eioij/wVaw xa& 
avtovg nqog top sinopta • &i*q>*DSi di 6 tofaog, oloy 
iy j$ Tsvxgip, $ ixqtiaaTO*Iq>WQ*xiig Jtoog Uqurio- 
cpdrta, insoopevof, si nqotioln ap tig pavg inl %oy r 
ttaoir; ov jpavxoptog ds, tha sins* 2v pip 'Afiawp&p 
<ay, ov Jtoodolfjg, tyta S* Up 'iqubtoaifig; dsltf vnao~ 
XStPp&XXov Jxv doxovpxa ddixrjaai htstpow si to fin* 
yslolov &p tpapslri, si nobg 'Aqumidyv xaxyyoQOvvTa, 
tqvto tig av sXtimv, iXXi nqbg .anuniapjQvxatfyo- 

\ Digitized by V3OOQ Z , ' 



122 AR1ST0TELIS 

q6v. "OX&g'yag (iovXnai o xatt%yog&r fitXtfar than 
tov tptiyortog* tovt ovr $$iXiyx*ir «*'• KafroXov 
fl* itonog ovxog iotir, Star tig imrtpij aXXotg, S av- 
tbg nout, % notfjotup Sr* % ngotginot itoiuy, « av- 
«Of f*ij Trctir, fii/fle Troupe* Sr* ^Uo£, £ o£tapov * 
©lo*, S« to dcHpowor oidirimr, dXi* ij &tbg, y &tov 
tgyop. Ktrttoi oang oTttm &%o% tgyor thai, tov* 
tor ariyp^ oTto&tn xal Vtovg tfrou. . X»l ig *j<p*- 
«f cfof?, oti ytrrtuotettog o fiiXrunog. ' xa* y«? 1<£- 
podtto xtxVAQtoToy$hon ovdip ngotegor vnygz* Y&- 
rcuor, nglr yimftor « a£a$a*» H^al on avyytrior*- 
qo$ avrog. To yovr tfgya ovyysyiottgi ion %i 4pa 
totg *Agftodtov not IdgtOToythovog, ij tm ool Kuiig 
trt&*jiXtZirdgQ,ou nirttg Sr oftifroyipHvr toig 
pty xoa/Uovg wz &*$ o&ftarog ayanfyr inoXavotr • 
Mat fob JPmcgurrig ovx fqpq (k*dt£*ir»g*AgxiXi*or • vfigir 
yag I917 thai, to /*ij Svrao&ai ipwao&at oftolwg 
*v nct&orra, wontg *a}xnxa»f* nirttg yig citoi 
igtoipirot, *a* Xupomg to %l i<m, ovXXoyiCoyra* 
isegl £r Xiyownr* "AXXog SxtovnovetY&g* olor ip 
tdtg tonixolgy mgl tov og&vg. "MXog tx duxigiamg • 
olop f u nirttg tgutr fxextp adixovoir * ijf tovo* yag 
fr&ta, % lovfa, iy tovSt* xal dta (Uv ti Sio, advra- 
tor : 9§i di to tgitor, ovd* avtoi (paoip. "MXog IS 
htayuyyg* olor ix ti}j H*nagi}&la$, onntglTwv 
tixrnr al yvroUxeg nariazov dioolfavo* raXti&ig, 
Tovto (rtr yag 'A&WV** M*rtl($ rytfrogi <*/*9*<7/fy- 
tovrti ngbg tor vibr> fiwrr)g *nkp$pt\ tovto di e^- 
fifiwp 'iopiiplov xal 2xiXfkovog apq>urptitovm»r, rj 
Jtodvvlg iniduSty M Iof$fjpiov top vlor* *al dii tovto 



RHETORJCA. LIB. a CAP. XXHL 123 

BtaoaXloxor *Ta\irplov hip&nr. KaYnahr in xov 
vopov rov Ssod&nov, „£t %o%g xtxx&g imptlfi&uo* 
tmv aXXoroiw iTtnwv, ov nafadMom wis ohuiovg, 
ovdi jcllg avoLTQiyaun tug iXXoioiag paig* ovxovp tl 
opofag i<p* KTraFTwv, xa} tdig xax&g <pvXa$auitipaX~ 
XorgictP, ov xgrjotioy fothr tig tip ohttlar oixttfictr. 
Kal &g *Jhuda/uxg. ,?Oti narttg trig voyovg ripMOK 
Hag 10 1 yovr *Aqz&*X°*» ntdntf /Haatpt^or oVta; ' 
rettfirptaar xal XioSOptioor, ov* ovxa nollttp* **l 
Mirvlrivctioi Sanyto, xalmq ovaap yvvaXma* xal 
Jlaxidaifionoj XtXwmwr ytovrtw mtolapax, qxi<na 
qaloXoyoi orrig* xal'ltaXtwrat nvdayooar, xalAap- 
yfccxTjyoVAvttSayoQar Siror orta t&aiffar, xaltyiwH* 
tti xal vvv xal 'j&rjnxlot jdig SoXwog xWO*p**o* 
vopoig, etidaiporrjoav xXxl Aaxttiaiporioi *oig^Av-r 
xovoyov xal Oyfyomt Upa olnooarmat aultaotpo* 
iyirovro, xal tvdatft6vti<rtx y ntXtg " "AXXog Mxyiot- 
t*g ntol rdv avtov, q iftoiov, * frayrhv paiuna 
lib, n ndrxtg xal met*' lite ftff, alt o%y nX 
t] croyol, y n&mtg ij ol nWi<noi t rj ayadol* q ti «w- 
to) ol xolvoirttg, */ ovg artodfaoptat ol *ofoo9rzg r y ofe 
pri olov it hatriov xoirnv oiop to%g xvoioif 1} olg 
fitjf xaXov to kranla xobttx \ qJop &*otg, fj nat^ 19 
didao*&koig> Santo to tig 7Mt£dhip&ip tlntvAvto* 
xXrjg, JEX tatg pto otppatg 9ta%g xaXuf $Tx$» h iqtlat 
notya dovvai dtxrjf, Mgtdtjpidj] 8' ovt*B Saitf San- 
<pa>, *Ou to ano&x^oxnx *<*x6V' ol&eol yaq ovttt 
xexolxaotv antdvrjoxop yoto a*. *#*>? 9 Ao4oun*og 
ngbg JtXaxtava iitayytXttxtittqov ti daorta, ig fj»«- 
To/jXXk fiififS y kratoog tjp&y, $w, oidb toiofoo*' 



124 ARlSTOTEbift 

Uymp^W .ZtaKfcmgr. Kal'lfyiamnog it dsl<poi$ 
ixtymia tip fair, MXfqfriPog Ttqiuqoy 'Olvfityaow, 
jgt«v*£ t*M 9o**ij wmq tUf ntnql- &g mgzqov Sp, 
tirtanim dn&y. Kal tuqI %ng *£&*%& ig 'Igq*q<x- 
*qg fy+afy, fat OTtovdaia, &mq 0q<nig *kqiv$ • xal 
mqVjlMittwdQov, op *l $t*i nqowmyay. Ko&usql 
&v*yif*v, ou wwvMvg, &an9Q IaoxQUTf\$ q>$i<ii\ 
9> Koy<oy youy Cvatvxmag M n£y%agtovg Sliovg naqa- 
hnuv, mg JSvityofay ^Ader." "jXXot ix tup jisqiat, 
wmtq 4p tdig wnuuiig, ndta xtoqwhtyvzi ' ?&/«?» 
1} y&$. 7 H*Qd6$typ* ix %ov JfwtQaiovg xov Qtodi- 
*%qv, Eig ntfovitfwyijiflqx&iTbctg&tfOPOV'teTipii- 
u*y, up ti nohg pofiiba "A^Xog, fra&q inl %mv nku- 
atmp cvpffohm, &g\F h&o&al uaviolg vyct&oy *o& 
naxov, 4* tQV wtQlov&ovptog nQOtqinup ^ unotqi- 
nup, mat narfiyoQ&vq anolQyna&at, xal htutp&p 
*i yifwr. Olqr, *jj nmfevoti to <pd*ru<j&ai axolov 
&ii uauor* tadi aotpip «Iwt* aya&oy ov tUrvy £& 
suudev$o&<H> (p&ovtui&cu yaq ov 8u* SApfrdvp 
nwdtvw&w ao<fhv yaq th& dfi.- *0 toitog ovxog 
4<my q KmXlinnov tixvrj, ngoaXafiovaa *c& jo dwa- 
%ip, na\ T&Ua» £>g <fyqT«*. "jXXog, Stop n$qi ivotp 
KaLumMtipavotr ij nqox^buw 1} anoj^hntp tin, **J 
t <f nqhtnyvp HQiftrtpy tqony iix itpyoiv £pqa£oi. 
Juryijpi di, iu 6w pb tv rvxarta aruxi&txai, &<- 
xav&v 8i xwaytia.- tilor, Uqsm ova tfa tip viiv 
dqftfiyoqup* 'BitPpbymQ, sq>i\, ta Muata l^g* ql 
ap&Qomot at fHoyoQuaw dap di xa iidtxct, o\ &toL 
M pi* qvp &nmy*Q&p* Up flip yaq %k dkcua liyyg, 

Digitized by VjjOOQIC ' 



RH E T O Rl C A. LIB. II. C A P. XXIII. 125 

Tovto 9* tot* tenth *$ Uyopiw*, to &og Mqluafrai 
xeti tovg aXvg. Kul if pxidotoaig toiri forty, otap 
Jhoh> ip&pttotp, knttt&Qta mya&op xal tenth? thtrjrm, 
4p*ptb* btdttfa ixatdooig. "AlXvg, AtrHty ov tm «v- 
*« <popto&g incutoioi Hal inpmv&g • aXXu (pttpsootg 
p&p, ta blxttm *«? t«rw**fr inavrovtn piXiata* idiq. 
de,*& evfupigornt paXXop flovXortac ix tovxwv nn~ 
faG&aunhnxfUv &&16QOV tip y io ftavttdofap ov- 
tog o t&nog xvq no-con 6 g iotip. *AXXog, 4* tov . iva - 
Xoyop tttvxa/ovppnhup * olov t o 9 Itp%xg&t%g top vlop 
avrov yw%*qov irta tf\g $Xt*lagS 8v» fdyttg jj*, Xtt- • 
tovq yttv JxrayuaSonmP, ilmp/'Otitltovg ptydXovg 
x&p naidow apdoag popfcovot, toitg pmgovg tiv av- 
doiw totudag slvttt yfiytovrtai. Ktelo StoStxtTjg &> 
tw pqp^, 9 Ot$noXhng pip nottio&* tovg pur&oyoQoW, 
olop ^iQttpaxa xal Xetottripop, dti tifp inulxuay 
tpvyddag d* oi itoi^arre, tovg h tolg pto&otpogoig 
avyxtota dutitmoaypifovg ;"MXog, in tov, to ovppaV- 
pop tap jj tuvtop, oti xal, l| &p ovppaipu, tavta* 
ofop ispofpaptjg sX*yrv,*Ono [ potog iotflovdw o% yepi* 
6&V* (pdaxorttg tovg &tov$, tolg ino&ap&p Xiyov- 
aip* a/ig>otiowg yag ovppalptt, pi thai nott toifc 
dtovg. Ka) SXtog de , to evppatpop « btcttfyov, 
lapPapw&gtavth ahl • „MiXXtte ti xobii*, ov n$ol 
SaxoAtovg, iXXa mol irm^dtipatog, *%XW V*l°oo* 
<f>€iv. ( * Ka\ oth to didSpat yrp xal 98#o, dovXevtfr 
ioil* xal *h pttiztiv t^g xoivrjg tiQijrfjg, no&p t$ 
itQootattofitPOP* Jti)miop d* t onottQOP £p $ xi$- * 
aifiop. "AXXog, ix tov pi taito tovg avtovg ahl aU 
Quo&ah vortgop r} nooi tQOP, &XX ipanaXip* olo* 
; 

Digitized bt( G00gle 



125 ARrt TOTE LIS 

toot to ip&vpqp*, JBi^tv/wttg pep 4p$z4p$&a,5*&g 
tmtH&mptP • u«rtl&6p*tg 6i ywSop&a, Znvg pi 
pmxipe&a; *On) pip fi$ thpipvp iptl to* pajpe&tu 
fffoSrro- or* di to pn fddxta&ai ird rov ptf phut. 
"Alios, to av ivmta Sp «?i), u p] ykrmio, Tovrov&tsa 
<g>«Va* olra», $ ftytptp&tu* oior* u oW* Sp t«# upI, 
%pm iydoptreg Umtpy- lO^w **» toW tfpfrtu, 
HolloZg o dalpmr ov mn tvpotar <ptyo»r, . . 
Mftfala oVfaatr $vrvpqp*Tj alt tra 
Tag ovpfo^mg Aa/Wtr inptpmmi^ag^ 
JC«J to in tow MtUayfOV tov'drtUjmnQg, 
Oix tvm mapwn &w, onmg 6i pdqTvQtg 
Uorafc yipmnm.M&iafqy nqog'Ellidu. 
JGtfiTol* xcv JKmrtog tow 0«o9exTov, St* oJtopifi^g 
nqodltto^Otivoei*, ovvipm*, ai£ Xva qircwfl© e«o- 
loitfw? * Mfrsra* yao tw/tov frota rcotjtfa*. J^Uo* 
jmmto; xal To*ffa/^pi<r/5ijTOva*,¥a*To*^orv^/3ovicvoi?ffi, 
avoBoli' t« rcooTPtfforratfai OTOT06ffoyTff,*oi £p &«- 
me xai ooo;ttovoy xa* ytvyovar ravim yao low, a, 
lay f*fV vboqzV' &* W»w»r • oU>v,d dvpttti*, xa2 
Qfdior, xa* wfiUpopji aii$, ij qdloig • J filafttgop 
ix&qolg xai imtypiap' £ liaVrap' ^ frfy4& toS nqaf- 
patog. Kai nqoT^inotUit 6* ix tovtw, xal airo- 
Tftjroxra* 4* r»p ivmniw 4* Si %m avrwr tovtmx 
*c& xattiyopovut, xal anoloyovvtar in pip twp caro- 
*Qm6pT*p, anoXoyovpTW in 6i tip nqotosnirrmp, 
PunnYQQOvow. "jEau 6* ^o ronog oltog, olti tippy* 
ij Tt n*pq>Uov, xaijj Kalllnnov. "Allog, 4x Tory Ao- 
Movptmp pip ytypta&ah inlarap di, on ovtt av I9o« 
fcax, e* ^ igx, { ^/vp q? • ual on pallor • ij yaq to 



Digitized by VjO 



RHETORICS LIB. ML CAP. XXUL 127 

or**, v ** «*«** inoXaafiowowauf * d ovp aiuatav, 
xal ay uxbg, aXyiHg £p afy * ov yig did y to tlxbg 
aal m&arbv, 8oxu ovtwg* Oiov, 'drdooxXijg $X$y$p 
o Un&wg xat^yoq&p tov p&aov, fail ifroav/hpaw 
airy tutortr Jiortcu vl ropot vouov to$ dioo&m- 
cortw xal yog ol ix&v*g aXog • xaito* ov* uxog 
cvdi Tit&arbr, iv alay tgapouipovg dug&ai ilig* xal 
ta oriuyvXa iXaioV nahoi uxunor , i$ £p Uatop 
ylyyercu, tavta d&r&tu ilulov. IdXlog dXtyptwbg, 
totA apoaoXoyoioMpa oxon&v, & ti£yQ*oXoyQva*POp 
dx nmruop xal X9****> *** *f*&*w, xal Xiyw X*?k 
u*p, inl tov iuwMflxjovptog* olov, Kal <pijel uh>q)t- 
X&* vaag, avmuooe di totg tgioxopta* zmoig f* in? 
avxav, Kal qwoi ph thai pa ydotixop, ovx Jfou 6*k 
cmodtttcu dadtxaopipop ovdtpiap dixy* • x*Q*6 d* ha 
avtov xal tov apaHQfiqtovptog, Kal ovtog pat ov $$- 
8arux$ minor ovtep ' 4yi> &« xal noXXovg XiXvfuu 
vamw. "AXXoe, tolg ngodiafiapXnpipotg, not ap&p^ 
noig xal ngdypaoi, pi doxovm, to Uyaw tip alilap 
tov fkaoaSotov fort yog ti> 9i o qyahmaf oloyvao- 
fiafiXfipipasttpog top avrjjg vlop, did to acntu^to&a^ 
idoxti qvpupo* t<$ patgaxly l*x%Hptog di tov altlov, 
iXv&fi n dtafioXti. Kal otop h t£ JXaptt tov Oaodi- 
ntov, 'Odvaotvg Xiyti ngbg topJiapta, diou, aptgato- 
tagogpptov jffaptpg, ov doxsi. AXXog, ano tov 
altiov, £p*a vnuox$>0Ti iotl* x$p an fciagzfl* j*** 
ova tanp* apa yog to oXtiop xal ov attiop, xal Srav 
altlov, ov&V ion*. Olov Mudduag anoXoyovpspog 
aXaya, xutnyooriQaptog SgaavflovXov, on ip otfiXittig 
yeyortog h tp uxoonoUr oU' ixxofu* inl tip TO*a- 



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m AKISTOTEX.IS 

*ovra* Ov* tv&xto&tu, ifyq* ftaXXov yit$ iv nunn- 
tiv avt(S tovg totetxovtoi, fyytyoafifiittig ri}$ tz&qas 
naig tip ftjfpoK "dXXog, «i toeft&su* §iXxiov oXXqg, 
-ff hdixetai, wv § avfifiovXtvu, q-nqixxu, rj nbtoazh 
jtmok&v <pcn>$obr yao, ow it £/mj} ovttag %xu, ov ni- 
<nou%tP ' ovdug yaq hmr *%*, q?avX* ual yiypwnuw 
nooouquxou. "&m'di xovzo yevdog* isMaxig yaq 
voxboop yiypvtm S^Xov, n6g %* jxp*|a* fHXrtw nqo- 
*toov to ab^Xop, UXXog, Stop u h>avtlop fuXXp 
rtQ0Tt$o&v*to'if nvxoayiUroig, apaoxonnv oiqpas* 
voyuvrjg 'EXtaxmg iqux&cip, •! &v<o<n * j} Asvxo&ia, 
ucii &Q7Jy&M', q pr), ovrepovXtvir, '& flip &iw.vno-* 
Xapfiapown, fir\ &Qip&p* tl d* ap&Qtmor, /wj &v*tp. 
*UXXog linos, xi ix tur otftaqtii&ipxmp xaxriyoQnv y 
etiroXoyuo&at* olov h xj} Koynipoy Mt\dzl(x, ol (isv 
xaTijyoQovwv, on tov g naldag anixxupip • ov qpa/- 
+e6&ai yovp etvtoig* fjfictQtsy&Q 4 M^diia ntqixyv 
dnooToXrjP xmp naldtay rj d* anoXpyiixw, or* ov* av 
tovg nafttag , AXXi jbv'laooyt* a* dtohntw rovro 
yug rjpaqtsv «y juq " noir)<jaoa % ttntg ucA Gixtoo* 
inoirjasv. "jSaxi d' o xojxog ohog tov ip&vfA^uixog^ 
xctl to elSog, oXrj fj noSxiqoy Otoddoov tixrfj, *M- 
log, ani xov oropctrog* ofor, ig i J?o<poxXyg, 

Swf&g 2*Si}op, xal yooovact tovyopet. 
Koil ig 4p xolg xmp &tvp inaboig tte&aat Xifnp • *a* 
mg Kopvp OoaovfiovXoy &gttovflovlop i*£lu* *al 
'Ifopdmog eoarvpaxoy, ait} #0*<ri/pa£O? *?• mtlllw- 
Xovr<*Ui cv n&Xog tf • nal Jgunopxd tor vopo&itnv, 
on ovk up w&qwtov oi vopoi, otXXa doinortog- 



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RHETORICA. LlB.lI. CAP. XXIV, 129 

ZaXvtdl yag • xal wg Evgmidov 'Ttxuflij d$ iyy • 
'dqpgodhrjv, 

Kal tovvop og&wg aq>Qoavvrjg SgXu &tag* 
xal ig Xaigqpw, 

tttv&iig, iaophrjg avpfogag timwpog. 
EvSoxiptt Se paXXoy tap iv&vprjpattov tSt iXsyxruca 
t&v anoduxuxwv* foot to, avyaymy^y ph bartUay 
tlvai h pixgto toiXtyxtwoyiy&vpfipa f naqaXXtiXad$ 
opayega tfoctt, t0 ixgoatjj potXXov. n&rttav dk xal 
tjoy iltyxtix&y xal imv dsixjix&y ovXXoyiopap, &ogv- 
puxai paXnrta tit toiavta, ooa igxopeya ngoog&oi, 
pt) t« bwtolvtg tlvai • apa yag_xal avrol iqf aytotg 
Xalgovot ngoaw&avopEyoi* xal Sow tooovtoy vort- 
gl£ovoiy, &g& Spa tlgfjph'my yyxaglfay. 
CAPUT XXIV. 
*E7tsi ti 9 htiifitai, toy ph thai avXXoyiopoy, toy 
Bi pi} thai ph, <paiveo&cu Si m ayayxtjxa} iy&vptj- 
ixa 3 to ph that h&vpupa, to 8s pq Aval, <palyea&ot* 
di' intintq to ir&tptipa, ovXXoyiofi6gttg~ Tino% 
d' dalt&y qpatyopiytav iv&vpripanoy, tJg ph, S *«- 
ga tip Xi$iv xal tpvtov fy ph pigog, vxrntg h toig 
biaXtxrixolg, to pi\ avXXoyioapsvoy ovpntoaopatixaig 
to teXevtaioy fixity, Oix aga to xal io * ayayxti Sga 
to xal to. Kftl to toig iv&vprjpaoi oweotgappi- 
vutg xal aruxnphwg siniiv, qpahnak h&vprjpa • fj 
yag toiaxnij Xi£tg, /(ifc* iath Mvprjpatog. \ Kat 
tout* to towvtoy thai naga to 0XVP a T fc Xittcog, 
"Eati 91 dg to tjj Xi$u avXXoyiotixag Xiywxgqoipoy, 
to ovXXeyusp&y noXX&y xeyaXau* Xiysty • "Oti Tot>* 
ph $otoot, toig d 3 itigoig Hipigtivt, toig d' "EkXyvag 

A hist. Rhet, 1 ' 

» - Digitized by VjO 



130 ARISTOTEL1S 

tjXcv&iotooey. "Ekcxotov pb> yog rovtuviS aklw eww- 
dUx&ri • ovrrt&ivuav di, qtaivsrcu xal ix rovttop u 
ylyvto&cu. "Er «ffi, to m*q& Ti}y bfmvvftktv, £<5$] to 
qpdvai anovbalov tiveu pvv, v<p % ov y iotlv *j t*/umu- 
faxrj naanv Tclrnj * to yitq (ivotygu* itao&v t^iiah 
t«t^ Teimj, "jBT efwj tw xvya iyxufiidfov, . Toy fr 
t$ ovgavy ovpTtdfalappdyu • n Toy Haya, 8" ^»- 
oVoo$ tqpq, 

Ji /taxao, ov t* peydXag &sov %vya itartodano* 
itaUovw 'Olvfimor 
ij oxl to pydiym sbai xvta, atipoTvt&p text* •_ (Sana 
to %w« ^17/loyoTi Ttjiuoy. JCoi to xofytpwcoy tpdrai 
?oy c J2ftufjy *7y«i pdXuria t&v #«<5y povog yaq za- 
Xutai xawoq 'JSopj?. /fal to Toy Ao/oy *7ya4 ojtov- 
datoTaToy * ot* o* dya&olavdgtg ov xgrifiatow, ikXa 
Xgyov slob aStoi* roya$ Zo/ov aStoy, ov% anXfogXi- 
ytjm. *AXXog, to diygryAivov oyru&ina X*yuv $ r\ to 
avyxtlptyov diatgovwa. 3 £ncl yag javTov doxM it- 
won ovx o* Ttxvib noXXdxig, bnoxtgov .jtoijaifK&reooy, 
tovto 6*t* no my. *£ori d* xovto Eofrvdyiiov Xoyog • 
oloy, to ctdirai, ota Tptqoqs 4y Heigatu forty * txa- 
• oroy yio olfo * xa* Toy tot otoizua imcrtdfAevoy? on 
16 snog olds • to yitq tnog to avxo icrtv. Kal &w* 
to 3*5 Tooot/Toy yoawfos, /ugdi to ty <pdvai vyuivov 
eiy«** StoTiov yag, uradvo-aya&a h> xaxov ioriv. 
Oviia fih ovp iXsyxtiKov wo> ds octxrtxoy iaw* ov 
ydg iaxvf tv aya&op dvo xaxd. v OXog de o ronog 
nagaXoyiorucog. HaXw to UoXvxgdtovg ug Qgaov- 
fiovXov, owtgidxovxa rvgdvvovg xaxiXvos * gvvzi&*,- 



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RHETORIC A. LIB. II. CAP. XXIV. 131 

at yag. *HToiptio 'Ogiary *$ Q$odixiov i* 6*i«i- 
gioevg yag Mtp * 

Aixaiop iariv, tX T*j up uxdrjj nboiv, 
ino&rijoxuv tckvti^ 

Kal t$ ct<kto/ /« Tip tto&y top vlip ; 
Oi/xov? xa* T«via niitgaxTai* ovvtefHyra yag, low 
ovxiji dixcuor. Ely 6' £p xal nagi Typ tkXtuftp * 
iqtcuQUTM yag to vni two?. "jXlog di Tonog, to 
duv&o&ntajaaxsvc&Hv, % upaontvahip. Tc&ro d* 
ioxip, Stop firf dtl$ag on htoir}09P, av^arj to ngiy- 
fia • noul yag (paiyeo&ai* % &g ovu nmoir\xty t otup 
o tt\v airiav c/oni^ avfy' t) ig mnoirptsv, otup 6 %<*-* 
ifiyogZy-ogyi£fizeu. Ovxovv ion* ip&vfirjfia' naga- 
XoySQetai yig o axgpatf^g, on inolyotp, i) ovx knoliy- 
o9v, ov diduyfiipov* *dXlog, to ix otjptlov * aavUa- 
yunov yig xal toSto* oiop^bi tig Uyok, Taig noli- 
crt avfupigovew ol igwrteg • o yig 'Agpodiov -xal *Ag*- 
OToythovog tgug xjaiXvos top tvgayvov "jnnagxop * 
xal *X ng Xiyot, "OuxXinzrig diovvoiog • norqgog yag • 
iovXliympp yag xal tovto * ov yag nag itovrjgog 
xliTrTrjg • al£ o xHnrijg nag, nor^gog, "dlXog, dii 
to ovupe(}i}x6g • oloy, o XiyU Holvxgati}g dg Toig 
pvg r on iflori&rjoav dtatgayorug tag ptvgag. ' *H sX 
tig q>alt}, to 4nl dunvov xly&rivai, ti(iwtotop * dia 
yag to uq xlq&rjvai o UxiXXtvg 4/tipua« toi? ^gaiofc 
ty Twddcp • o &' mg anpaZipwog iprjVioB \ awi^i] di 
tovto frtl tov pri xX^^rai. *AXXQg> to naga to &io- 
juvop'oTop, iv tw 'AXtZardQcp, on fityaXoytvzov 
vrttgidwv yig Ttp noXXm ifuliop, iv tj "ify durgi3$ 
xa&* uitbp* on yig ol ptyaloipvxoi ToiovToi,aal ov~ 

12 

-» itized'byC 



J3Z ARISTOTELIS 

tog (AtyaX6yrvx°C b*6$n& $r. Kal ikel xaUwrn^ij?, 

xa} ruxtug itlavatai, poixog* ou xal olpoixol toiov- 

%oi. v O(ioiov ct nal. on iv tolg Ugoig of nrtaxol xal 

ifdovoi, xal ofzovrrar xal on jo7g yvyao&tSsorw oi- 

xeXv, onovav&ilwoiV on yagtotg doxovotv svdaifio- 

vtlv vnvQ%6i tavta, xal oXg indgxst tavta, dolortty Sv 

svSctinorur. dtayigu de j$ n&g • Sio xal tig tip Sl- 

Xuftv ifmlmu* "AlXog, nagit to itvalnov, &g aX- 

nov olor to apa, 1} (tni tovto ysyovivat • To " yag 

firra tovto, a>g diet tovto Xafifiarovoi , xal pdhara 

oi 4v tatg noXtr$tatg • olov &g Jfjftadtfg %rp Ar^io- 

o&ivbvg noXittlax, naptwp tir xaxw ahlav * pzt 

* ixiforp yag ovtifiri noXtpog. "MXog, naga tip 32- 

Xuipty tov itott, xal nS>g • olov, on pixalug *Al&av- 

b*gog fXa(Js tyy 'JEXbipr* dfgsoig yag avTjJ idoxhj na- 

ga rov unroof ov yag aUl Xamg, alia to itgatrov' 

xal yag o noting, f**XQ* toitov xvgtog. "lief Tiff 90/17 

to tvntuv tovg fXtv&igovg, vpgw Avar oiyag nar- 

%(ag ' aX£ Stop Sgxjj jptottf' adixuv. *it% aantg h 

tolg igiotixdlg nag a to anXSg xal ft}} anXwg, aXXct 

xatoi ti ytyvttai (patyopwog ovXXoyujftog* olor £y pkv 

tolg SiaUxtixotg, on iotl to pn ** * &*' Y*Q *Q W 

ov, pi) oV xal on imotrjtov, to a/rfixrror* son yag 

imatfjftov to ayvoxjToy, on Syroaotov. Ovw xal h 

tdlg $t)Toqixo7( iatbtpaivopatov iv&vpi)pa , net got to 

pr\ anXug slxbg, alia n tixog. "En di tovto ov xa- 

&6Xov, Sontq xal 'Ayoi&tov Uyu, 

Tax ** ▼'? mtog avtb tovt elpai Xiyoi, 
Bgototoi noXXa tvyxdvnv oyx slxota. 
rtyvnai yag to nagot to tixog ' Sot sixog/ xal to 

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RHETOR I C A. L I BU. C A P. ±XV. 133 

-nagcc to *tx&g. El di jovtg, total to fiy uxo?, ttxog* 
&l£ ovx aitXiag' iX£ wonsg xal inl rwr igionx&v, to 
Kati n, xal ngo>g n, xal ni\, ov TtQOon&iuwa, noitt 
ovxwpavtlay, xa» iyrav&a, naga^ to ilxog elvcu pij- 
ccnX&g, iXXi n tlxog. "#<m <T ix jovxov %pv tonov 
\ Kogaxogiix vr l ovyxupivrj • «f t« yog jijJ tvoxog J}' 
ifj airly, oiov ia&*yi}$ ay, ahciay qptvysr ov yag 
tlxof x$v sroxoe ay, olov Sv ioxvgbg &y ov yag u- 
*o$y on tlxig tysXXp doSuv. 'Ofioiag di xalinl t£v 
Slimy ' •? yag hoxoy ayayxrj, ij pr} Ivoxoy ilvou Tjj 
alxiq.' &cdveTQi (riy ovy ctpifoTsga tluota* tint di 
ib )iiy, slxog • to di, ovx anlig, aX£ adneg ttgrjtai, • 
xal to toy »/tt« di Xoyov xg^itno noiuv , %ovx iota 
Kal iyitv&tv. dixaicog idvoxigaivov oi Uy&gtnnoi to 
Hgmiayogov toayytXficf ysvdog w yag ion, xal ovx 
aXr}&eg, aXXa q>aiv6p$ypy uxbg, xal $y ovdeyufj Te- 
%yji, aXX iv. fajogutfi xal igtonxff. Kal mgl piy Ir- 
xtvpyfAajwy , xal tow ovtay xal rat yump&yw, 
tlgy-icu. 

CAPUT XXV. 
JXigl di Xvoimv ixogieyoy &rri tSy ugfip&ioy aj- 
n&y. "Eon diXvnv, % uvnovXXoywap&vov,ii lvota-> 
aty htyxbvxa. To piy ovy avnovXXoytfcodai , di\- 
Xov ontx twv avx&y^ronay (ydixstat noitiv * ol piv 
yag ovXXoywftol} ix iw iydofay • doxovrta di noX- > 
Xa, havna ctXXqXoig iotlv. Al d* ivoraoeig y&gov- 
rat, xa&antg xal iv rotgjomxdlg, ntgaxStg' 1} yagit 
kavtov , *i ix nJV opolov, if ix tov iyaytiov, r\ ix twy 
xexgipivay* A&ya di aq> eaviov {iiv, oiov, tl mgl 
tgmog drj iy&v^fia, ig anovdcaog, r\ woiaaig di- 

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134 AR1ST0TELIS 

xitiQ • % yag xa&oXov tlnorta, Su n&aa svdua novq- 
gov ri xata pigog, Su ovx Sv iXiysto Kavvtog tgag, 
el pi) quay xal noyrjf ol tgattg. *Enl Si tov iyaytlov, 
boxaaig (feQstar olov si laiv&vutftiaiiP, Su 6 aya- 
&6g avr\g navtag tovg q?iXovg*v now,' &X£ oitf o 
i fiox&ygog xorxuff. 'JBnl tis twv-hpoiwy, e* ip to tv- 
&vpjjpa, qu ol xax&g ntnov&oreg aUl pwovoiy, Su 
aXi ovdi 61 iv itsnov&oug aUl tpdovaiv. JUL da xo/- 
ong al ano rtov yyatgipwy aydgmy cloy,' tt rig iv- 
dvpripa ilntv, on xdig pt&vovoi titlavyyy&puvhxw 
ayyoovvttg yag apagtecvovaty* eyotaoig, St* ovxovy 
6 Hittaxog atVrroV ov yog fix ptitovg fypiag iyo- 
po^h^atr, lay tig pt&vtor apagtmnj. 3 Eitcl 5i ta 
iy&vprjpaTa Xiyetai ix tttragwy • ra de rhraga rav- 
~ra iariv, uxog, Tragadeiypa, tsxp^gior, Injpuoy tau 
&, tee piy ix t&y ig inl to noXv ij 8vt<av, i} doxovy- 
tw, ovyijypiya iv&yptfpata he twyeixorw w tii di 
inctyuyrig, dice tov opolov, y frog, ? nU&ttmr, oray 
la/fay to xa&oXov, uxa avXXoyloTjTai ra xata pigog, 
&ia nagadsiypatog • ta ds d? ayayxaiov, xal ortog, 
dii Tsxptjgiov ta tie, Sta tov xa&oXov, i} tov iv fie- 
gtt> ovtog, iay re oy, lay tt prj, dta afip*li»y M to dij 
uxog, ov to aUl, aXXa to wg tolro nolv*, tpavtghr 
on Ta totavta p$y t&v iy&vptipat&y aid ion Xvtiv, 
yigovta hotaoiy. e H dk Xvoig (pcuvopirij, dXX ovx 
&Xii&n$ aUi m ov yag on ovx uxhg, Xvu o iyunaptyog, \ 
iX£ Su ovx avayxatoy* Aw xal «*/ ion ftXeoytxTtir 
anoloyovptvoy paXXov rj xat^yogovvxa , diet toviQf \ 
rov nagaXoywpoy. *£ml yag 6 ph f xartjyogmirdi 
Hx6t0w inodeixvvoiy taxi di ov zavto Xvaat, fl on 

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RHETORICA. LIB. O. CAP. XXVI. 135 

0vx tlxbg, % ore ovx ayayxdtoy utl di tyti tvataaiy 
to ig inl to rioXv • ov yaq ay qv elxog, aX£ cttl xal 
avayxaloy • 5 di xqnijg olsroti, ay ovtng iXv&rj, jj ovx 
tixbg tlvai, rj ovx avtfy xqnioy, naqaXoyiZopsvog, 
byantq iXdyopty* Ov yaq ix t&v ayayxaiw du av- 
ihv fioyoy xqivtiv, iXXa xal ix twy tlxonay • tovto yaq 
icrti to yvtopji T/J aqloty xqlvtiy ovxovy Ixavov, ax 
Xvoy, 8t* ovx avayxalov * aXXa dsi Xviiv, on ovx «*- 
xog. Tovto di avppriostai, lay y rj syotaoig ptaXXoy 
&g inl to nbXi. 3 JEyd£zetai di tlyai toiavtyy dtx&g, 
*j t$ XQoyto, i} tdig nqaypaoi * ti xvquotata di, si 
apcpoTv tiyiq ti nXioxdxig ovrta , tovt Hortv tlxbg 
fi&XXoy. Avttaidi xal to orj/itia, xal ta diet oyptl- 
ov iydvpypata tlgr)y.iva> x$y ft vn dgxort a, Sontq 
iXex&V to tdig nq&toig • on yaq aavXXoytotov ion 
n<*y oyfjulov, dqXoy rjfuv ix tav ayaXvtsxwy. JTqbg Si 
t« naqaduypatwdii ^ avtfjXvoig, xal ta dxota* iiv 
r*yaq 6x<0tib>TLOVX ovtto,X£Xvfai, on oixavayxa%oy, 
r t xal tec nXtbo, xal nUoxaxig aXXtog * iav di xal ta 
nXtlto xal ta nXtovaxig, ovtto paxnjiov; % oti to na- 
qov ovx Ofioiov, f{ ovx ofiol&g, iq diatpogay yi tiva 
?/«. Ta di jtxpriqvu, xallsxfii}gu&dfijv&vpfjfinta, 
xata ptky to aovUoyisrtoy, ovx sotay Xvoai. JyXoy 
di xaltovxf fifuy ix t&v ayaXvnxioy* Atlnstai d % 
a>g ovx vnaqxu to Xsyopeyoy dzixyvvai. El di (pare- 
gov, xal on vnagx**, *«♦ on tixfinqioy, aXvtoy ydy 
ylyyttat tovto • nana yaq yiyyztai anodtl^u jjdtj 
qpayeqa. 

CAPUT XXVI. 
To d 8 avtiiv xalpuovy, ovx %otvy &t3i/pr]pa- 



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13d ARISTOTELIS 

tog oxoixtiw *o y*Q avio iU/» otoijcuov xo» Toftor. 
%<nri /£o oroi^fToy sea* toko?, «c o TroUa iv&vfirm*- 
to ijiitimu. To d' aifew xa* (i&ovv, %<nw iv&vpfi- 
paTO ngog to d&itat, Sti psya ij pixobv, womg xa} 
* ct* aya&bv ij *<x*6v, i} dlxcuor 1} Sdixoy, xal tap Si- 
Xwr brtovr* Tavra <T sort itarta," nsgl a o* gvXXo- 
yiopol, xal ti fr&vfivpata * An ufir}di tovhw fxa- 
oio* h&VfiTjfiaTog toitog, avot to avUw xai pswvv, 
Ovditi Xvxixa ivxhjprjfiarog eldog */ ion* Silo, 
%Sav Maxaontvcumx&y • dijlop yag, or* Ivu fib, y o 
dd£ag, ij o wmaaar iysyxav ayraTtodtixrvovoide to 
vyrixtlpstov olov, $1 sduZsr on ydyovfv, ovtog on 
ov yiyonv • tt oe f or* ov yiyovw, ovxog on yiyovt»\ 
Iflou airy fib ovx ay . t ?q /^ Ataqpooa \ toig ov- 
xolf yoo XV*>**m ifiyottQoi * ox* y«^ ovx £<rw, 1} 
low, iy&vpiyictTa qtigovoiv. *H 6" tvaraa^ ovx 
sou* iv&Vfifipct,' alii xa&intg iy xolg %oruxj>ig to 
furc*? do|a> nw, IS 19? Sara* ft^o?, on ov aviiUAo- 
yfara*, f on ytevdog « ttlti<pw. *Tn*q fib nagadeiy- 
fidtwv, xalyvoifmv, xal b&vfir]fiax(ov, xal oltag iq>* 
ntgl %ip fodvoutv, o&tv it svnQgi}oofisv, xal ig ov- 
to Ivgofisy, ugfo&to qui* t ovovro. Aomov di d(<A-i 
#«Zy k*o« fc'Ssoi? xai Ta£ea?. , ' 



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RHETORIC A. LIB. UL CAP. I. '137 



LIBER IIL 

CAPUT h 

Emidri tgia ioxly a del ngayfiaxtv^yat mQi toy 
Xoyov * tv uiy, ix xhw at nlaxug laoyxat • dtvuooy 
to negl xrp l&w • TofW 3«, nig x°h tatai xa fiioij 
rov Xoyov < jmo* /isy Taiy niaxmy tl'Qijxai, xal ix nor 
caw, b\n in xguov slot, xal xavxa noia, xal 8ia xt tot 
oavxa (iota * rj yoo t$ «£to/ t* ritnov&ivai ol xqU 
vovxtg, ij Tip noiovg xivag vnoXa^avnv xovg Hyov- 
tctg, ?} tw <modtdsix&M nei&oyxai nayxtg. J&'oijTa* 
#i xal, t« fy&vptjftaxa no&w 8*i, nooltto&ai \ ion 
ya^, ta fAtv, $l'dii xup iv&vfififtajw* xi d$, ioTtoi. 
Hegl de T%g Xi&ug ixoftsvpy iotiv unity ovyaQotno- 
XQtj to Ijjfwr a de* liysiy, al£ avayxi) xal xavxa we 
du HTittv xal ovppdllsrat noXXa jiohg to qpayf/ra* 
jio*oV xwa xov Xoyov. To p%v ovv nqixoy iT^xtfi^- 
xaxa (pvaiy, onsq ni q>vke nqixov, avxaxa nqayuaxa 
ix xlytoy $x*ixb m&avbv dsvxtqoy de, to xavxa tJ 
Xitsi dia&ia&cu' xqlxoy to xovxwy, o dvvapw pkvtx** 
ptyiaxrp, ovnta d' imMx^gnxa^ to mql x%v vnoxqt- 
civ. . Kalyag tig tip xqayixip xal qaipadiay oips e 
nu$r)X&6V vmnqivovxo yaq avxol xgayqdiag oiwiri- 
xal to nqixoy. Jr\Xov ovv oxi xal nsql tip gyxogt- 
*v\y laxixo xoitiixov, memo xal neolxjiv novqxixyy * 
ofitq Sugoi xwtg inqaypaxev&tioav, xal ttavxav o 
TqCog. "Eoxt di avxq /**» & xj5 <pMji> nig avxji du 



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138 ARISTOTELIS 

XQijo&at ngbg txaorov rza&og* olov n noxijisyctXp, 
xal noxe (iixgy, xal no-xs picy ? xal nw$ %o\g xovoig • 
otov oUia,~xal fiageli*, *«2 f&g* *«* qvfrpdis %fo$ 
ngbg txaaxa* xglayig iaxi mglfov axonovai* ravxa 
3' iaxi, piye&og, agpovla, 6y&fi6g. 7& ph ovv 
a&Xa ox*dov ix twv aywvw ovxoi Xappdvova*. Kal 
xct&untg ixii (ifilov dvptxvrai vvv x&v noitjxojv oi 
inoxgixal, xal xaxd xovg noXixixovg aymvag, dia ir\v 
pox&rtQiKV xtcv noXixii&v.- Ovnm dsavyxenat riyvy 
nsgl avxtov, in si xal ^ib nsgl r^v Xih* oifik ngoiqX&t* 
xal tioxti' yogxixbv ilvai, xaXtog vnoXafiPayo/inyov m 
uX£ oXri$ ovaijg ngbg do$av xiqg ngaypatslag tijg jre- 
gl (rjtoQixriv, ovx ig&ag %xovxog x aX£ ag arayxalov 
tqv inifiiXt *«j» novqtiov • intl to yedlxaeoPj fir^bbf 
tiXsi&iqxuvntgixbv'Xoyov, ij &g uryxzXvnsiv, prjr 
tvygalvuv • dixatop yag, avrdlg ay&vi&o&m iotg 
ngdypaaiv • Sate xaXXa l'£o> xov anodsl^ai, ntgisgyd 
taxw • aX£ ofitag piya divaxai, xa&ansg sVgrjtai, dta 
ttiv rov dxgoaxov [iox&figiair. Tb phoZvxil\g X&mg 
%X** **> ptxgbv dvayxaXov iv naay didaaxaXla • diayi- 
gn y&g u ngbg xb drjXSaai, wtil fj wdl uniiv, bi (th- 
iol xoaovxov * dl£ anama qtavxaaia xavxd iati xal 
ngbg xbv axgoaxijv dib ovdelg ovx<a yEtaftexguv &- 
daoxsi. 'jExebrj fi&v ovv oxav HX&ji, tavxo itaiyou 
tj} VTtoxgmxjj, *Eyxtx*ig*]*<*ai dsiit bXiyornsgl av- 
*rjg tiniiv xwsg* olov Ogaavpaxog if xdig 'jEXioig, 
Jfcal taxi yvomg, xb vnoxgixuebr eJvat, xal aTe^yoTe- 
govmgl Ss rii* Xiiip itvxtxvov. 4iq xal xotg xovxo 
dwctfiivoig ylyvcxat naXty a&Xa, xa&dnsg *aJ"Tot? 
xaxa xrp vwxgwiv tfrogviy elydg ygayopeyot ito- 

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JIHETORICA. LIB. IIL CAP. II. 139 

yeipu£ov loxvovoi diot iip lih*, % dipt tyr 8*SpQtap; 
"Bg£avto plv^ ow xivtjocu to ng&Tov, wontg n&pvxtv, 
^ ol nwrpai* ta yag bvbpara, pipypata ioriv wr^p- 
£a 5i xal T) (ptavrj ndvttav pipyttxmarop twp poqUop 
yjup * v 3io xal ai *i%vai avfdatyaay ,_ ij tt $aif*i»$i«, 
xalf} vnoxgnixt}, xal aXXai yt. 3 £ntl da ol noifjtaH 
Xsycyttg tvrj&n, dii tip Xcl** idoxovp nogloao&a» 
Tyvd* tipf dotav, diet tovto noiyjtxr) ngmy iybtxo v 
$1 Xi%ig f olov q^rogylov. Kal pvp hi ol noXXol t&p 
anctidsVTWv tovg totovtovg olovtai dtaXiyto&ai xaJU 
Xiota' tovto d' ovx totip, aXU ktiga Xoyov xalnoiy- 
Qtcog li$tg ioii' dyXol ds to ovpflaTvop • ovdt yag ol 
tag tgctytadiag ftoiovvttg en XQ&vxat top avrbv tgb~ ■ 
nov * &X% wmtg xal ix t&p tttgaphgrnp tig to tap- 
piiov ptxiByoav, dta rb t$ Xbyta tovto t&v phgwp 
bpoibtatov elvat tmv aXXcov • ovtto xal tosp ovapdrtop 
ucpTjxavro, Sea naga ir\v diaXtxtov iotiv olg 6* ol 
ngmtov ixoopovv, xal tti vvp ol ta kl&ptrga noiovv- 
reg,1x<prjxavTo • dib ytXolov piptla&aitovtovg, oiavxol 
ovx bu xgiovtai ixtirtp t$ tqottw. "Slots <pavtgbv, ' 
oti ovx anuria So a rctgl Xi$*(og iotiv tlnitp, axgipo- 
loyytioy r\piv % aXX* oaa ntgl toiavtyg, otagliyoptp • 
ntgl d* ixtivqg ttgytai iv toig nigl noiynxijg. 
CAPUT 1L 
"Motto pvv ixtira ts&twQupiya • xal &glo&» X&mg , 
agttii, aot(py ilvat • aypttov yag, on b Xoyog iitp p% 
SrjXdi, ov notion to lavtov tgyoy • xal ptjt$ tamiriiv, 
p^ltt vnkg to a$itopa, aXXot nginovoav • ^ yag notfi- 
tLXfi tatag ov Tantivy, aX£ ov nginovca Xoyto.Tuvd 
ovopittov xal gypittav oaqtrj ph noiu tot xvgia ' pv 



, y Google 



140 ARISTOTEJalS 

jamwr]V 8} t dXXct Ktxooptipdyqp, t allot bvopata, S<nt 
ti'oijia* h tdig niQljiottixitris' to /ap&aU&at vot- 
ii q>aivto&ai a$pyotioav m onto yaq nqbg tovg I&vovq 
o» av&Q&noi nal nq&g tovs noXitag, to ctvxb naaxov- 
<u nal nqbg tip li$iv. Aib dn noiilv £&i]v tjJv dui- 

^Xtxtov Vavpaotal yaq t&r Smovtwv dot' f}dv ds xo 
&avpaot6v. 'Snl ph ovv wv phqeov noXld ts noir- 
•* tovto, xa} iqpotm ixu • nliov yaq i$i<nqx*> **?* 
a; xalmgl ovg b Xoyog • to di totg yiioig loyoig noX- 
l§ ildxtv tioiv # fbq vno&toig iXdttow • intl xal 
intav&a, f* dotiiog xalXitnuto, % Xiarviog, dnqkni- 
atsqov, % mql liav ptxgjav il£ Sort xal iv tovtoig 
ijttavdtsXXopevov nal avt-avoptvoy to nqtnov. Alio 
dti lar\h*vuv noiovrtag^ nal prj doxuv liysw ntnXa- 
vpimg, alia myvnitw tovto yaq m&aybv', ixuvo 
di tovravtlov wg yiq nqbg inifiovUvorta diafidX- 
Xovtat, na&An$q ngbg tovg oXvovg tovg piptypivovg • 
nal oJov ij Oeodtogov qxavij ninov&s ngbg' tyy tup 
alltav vnoxqitwv • fi ph yiq, tov Xiyovtog toixsv «T- 
vai" at d*, aXXotqiai* KXimztai 8* tv, idv tig in 

. tt^g uu&viag SiaXixrov ixXiywv avrn&y onsq Evqi- 
nldijg noiu, nal vnidsrf;* nqSttog, "Qirtw d* bvopi- 
To>y xq* (qftarw, 4$ iv b loyog ovvioTijxt, Twy di 
bvopdtw tooavt tyortM tidy , oaa ttd-tiq^tat in 
rot? mql noifowg * tovxoay ylyttaig ph,xal dmloig 
ovopaoi, xalntnoiripivoig, bXtyanigxal oXiyaxov XQit- 
atiov* onov 8e, voteqov fyovptv to di did tl tiQtjTcti' 

. inl to putoy ydq llalXatxtk tov noinovtog. To di 
Kvqtov, xal to ohtjuov, nal pttag>oga povai xgyotpo* 
ngog tyv tStv ydwvloyoap Xi$iv oypuov di, oti tov- 



, y Google 



RHETORiCA. LIB. Ill, CAP. II. 141' 

xoig porotg ftavttg ^wvra** navttg yag pttaqjogalg 
diaXiyovtai, xal tdig bixtiotg, xal tolg xvgioig. "/lots 
drilov-j wg, ia? tv nottj tig, total t$ $$vtifbx, xal lav- 
&av$iv iydex&al, xal oayrjrtH • avtti 6° fjf tov (f}To- 
gtxov X.byov agnr t . -Tfov 0° bvopatw, t£ pto 00- » 
quorrj hp&pvplai zgrpjipoi • nagi tavtagyag xoxqvq- 
yt~v tw TtohTiTri di avpwyvfitett. Mym di xvgia t$xal 
owtwvpa, olov to nogtvta&aits xaltb fladlfav tav- 
ta yag apqtotsga, xal xvgia,xal ow&vvpa alXqXoi£. 
7i pto ovp tovtmv txaotov ioti, xal nova fidrj pera- 
cpogag, xal on tovto nXiiotov dvvatat, xctl-iv noti- 
on x*\ to Xbyovg, a% pnaqjogal, rfgipat, xa&antgiXi* 
yoptr to tolg n&gl noiyuxriS. Toooyta* d* to Xcyw 
dii paXXov yiXoTtoveio&ou ntgl avtix, ooov # iXat* 
%ww ($ott&r}fMxt(ov i Xoyog iqtl t&v pirgm. Kal to. 
ocupig, xal tb iflv, xal to \wxbr t%u piXurta y fit* 
latpoga. , Kal Xafitlp oix low avxrjt nag aXXoy. 
du di xal tit imi&vta, xal tig pttaipogag agpottov* 
oag'Xiyitv' tovto d* total ix tov araXoyov* ti dk py* 
angtntg q>oy$ijai] Sta tb nagaXXfiXa tit toavjla pi- 
hota yalvto&ai. *AXXi du oxontlv, ig vi&yoinxlg, 
ovtto yigortt tl * vv yag 4 «vtij nghtti io&if. Kal 
iav te xoopur fiovXx, anb tov fitktlovog tr)g to rav- 
t<p yivn ysgeir tip pnayogiv, iav rtyiyuv, &ni 
tiav Xttgovw. Adyta d* ofov, intl ti iravrld to tw 
«wt§ ytoth *£ 9 w«* tw pto mtoztvovt* *yx*a&*h 
tov i tv%bp*to* nt&xevuv , on apq>w aitqotig, to 
tlgnptoov iotl notilv , &g x«J 'l<putg**W KaXUav p^ 
vgayvgtfjv, aX% oi iadovxov b frk lipij upvtitov av- 
tov uvai- oi yag ar p^gayvgtv\v avtiv xaX&v, «A- 

DigitizedbyVjOOQ. 



- 1 



142 AR1S TOTEMS 

Xa dadovzov Spy® yao tt*qi ^wV . iXXa to pkv *l- 
piov, to di axipor. Kal of pit dtoruooxoXaxag, av*. 
to* 6* avzovg itxvhae xaXovw xavxa d* Sft(po M 
fiBJoupoQat • y p& Qvnaivovz&v, fj di ra&partlop* 
Kal o* ph Xjjotalf aitovg nogunag xaXovat m. 
* Ato Scot* Xiyur, top adutyuarta pip apctpjarsiv, tot 
ffi apaqr&popxa adutijomf xal top xXtyopra, xal Jl©> 
/5t*V xorl jro^ija**. To 6*i, £? o T^Xapog EigmlHov 
9>yoi » ft xumag araaaar,* xal „anofiagdg Mvolav," 
anosnig, or* pti£oy to Avvaauy, ij xot «£/** * ov *£- 
xAeftra* oi/k. ".Ear* os xal h xaig avXXapatg apao- 
%la, iapp$ ydslag tj orjpeia qpcwifc* olov Awpiaiog 
ngoaayoQivu o XaXxovg ip tdig iXtytiotg, xQavyrtP 
KttXXiOTirjg ti]v noirjoiv, o?* apq>& (pMvai ** tyavXt} £4 
fj pstatpoga tdlg iotjpotg ytovatg. "Eu tie, ov n&$~ 
Qto&sr d$h aXX 9 ix t&p avyyw&p xal xw o/ioctowv pt- 
layiguv tw inovvpa wopaopamg, a Xtx&& tyXop 
ioriv on avyytvig • dor 4p t$ atviypatt t£ tvdoxt^ 
ppipth 

"Jv8q *18op nvglxaXxoyin avioi xolXtjaapta* 
avwvpop yaq to na&og. "Esnilt apqxo nqoo&tolg 
Tiff. K&kXyoyp xoivw sine, typ tijg ovxlagnQOofloXyp. 
Kal oXmg ix twv ev yviypivtav iaxl prtayooag Xafiup 
inuixug- pstayogqi yaq alvittopivU: wore SyXox 
St* tv tUTwrjrextai. Kal ino xaX&p'xaXXog ds 6vo~ 
paxog, to pty, Soto* Avxlppiog Xiyu, h rdig yoqsoig, 
V t§ Qfipawopivy • xal alofog ft mootta)? * «t*<Ht0/~ 
to*> o Xvutip ooyuruxov Xoyov ov yog, mgtgnj Bgv- 
am,ovd£va ajoxQoXoyur, «Twfo to avto orjpabu, to- 
^e aVrt tov tM« c*9ri*ff • %ovto yaq ioti ytfvdog • lor* 

.Digitized by VjO 



RHfiTORICA. LI a 111. CAP. Hi - 143 

ya$ alio aXXov xvQuoT$Qoy,-xai Vfiouauivov uaXXpy, 
xalolnstotegoy %$ noulv to nqayua nqo bjiuaxiapl 
~£tiii ovjc bpokag fror, aquaim too« xal to£« • Sou 
xal qvxtig aXXo alloy xaXXior, xal qXoxiov & trior* 
SfMpm paryaa, to xalbv xal to aloxpo* otiuahtowriv' 
aX£ o&ZH xaXbf, n WZ V Q+WQ** * V tavza p**> al- 
ia fiaXXoy xal tjiro?* Tag di ueracpogdg dvrtv&ty 
olatior, ano xaXS>v 9 ij tj <pwg, n Tij oWapw, i] ty 
of*h n aXly tip* alo&vaei. JiaatioBi, d* Antiv, olov 
Qodo&dxtvXog'lftog pallor ij <potvtxoddxrvXog x % cti 
qpavJloTCopy, Ifi/^oooaxTuAof. JCai 4? to?? im&hoig, 
ton uiy tag. tni&iotig notuo&ai ano aiailov rj ai- 
oxqov * olo* , o ptiTQOip6vTqg •. Sot* tf ' arco tov /&A-. 
tiovog * oloy, o 7rarf o? auvvt»Q. Kal o ^cpwtdijft 
Ste uh idldov (iw&bv oUyov aij$ o ytx^oag Tofc 
QQWOty, ovx f}&tU noi&y, wg dvoz*Qalvm' *U . WWr 
vovg nouS* • ins* d* Utapov tdcoxw, inoiyos, . 

Xatyn atXXonoduv SvyaiQig Imtwv • 
xcUtot xa} tup ovwf &vyaxiosg r\oay. *Et%, to avti 
vjtoxoQiZso&at, *£<jti at o vnoxoQtauog, og tXaxiot 
notu xal to xaxov xal to aya&or* toontQ xal J A*i~ 
sOTogxxftf? gxtSmu b> *oig BafivXavioig, ayrl uivzQV- 
oiov .XQVoiddfior, aril b** lumtlov iuaziddgiori 
drjl di Xorftoqiag XoidoqiJiiaTiov ' xal roorjuariop^ 
EvXajpuo&a* 6c dfi xal naqat^aiiv iv auyolg to 
usigtoy. 

.CAPUT JUL . . 

Tit 9k ytvxgi h thraoo* yiyvnat xata T^y li&iv, 
My « to7$ dmXotg ovopaow' olov .Avtoyqmv tov no-* 
KvnQovwnor ovqavbr* %%$ fisyaXoxogvfov yyg • xa) 

Digitrzed by VjOOQ 



144 AKISTJOTfiLlS 

Axtrj* 8i <ntvon6qov • xal Togylag wiifi«&, tjtwjo- 
povoog xokal, iniogxiaamag xal xarevogxhayrag. 
Kal wg *jXxtdapag, phomg uiv tip tfivx*P nXijQ&vpi- 
vrjr, hvolxour Si »ijr Zyw yiyvoxivrp * xal ttXioxpo- 
qov yfi&ij rrjv noo&Vfdax avtw ytpfpso&ai* xal 
veXtoyooov tip itei&v t&x Xoymx xajiorqof xal xv~ 
avoxgtoy, to Tyg &aX-attf)g gfaqpec. JIana yaq 
tavta, noiynxa fax tqv SkrXmotv yabttcn. Mia 
fihr ov* <*v%n altia* ftia di, to jfoiptfac yXmt*W 
, otov, Avxoyom Xiqiiv, niX&oov avtya • xal Sxlgtov, 
«A*tf &vnp m *alj£Xxidapag, a&vtfi* ■*?} notri<m, xal, 
tjpvne ipvoevg cctaa&ctXiav, xal axQinx t% jttctvohg 
hjy% ttdtiypivov. To/t©> d\ 4v totg imditoig, to, 
% paxplg, 1} atatyoig, q nvxvoig joqe^a* 'ixpixyag 
noijou nobtu yala Jtn/xoV tinitx* & di Xoytp, t« 
fih anomiartga- ta di ax jj xtnaxofrj, i$MyxH, 
xal not&r qpaycoSV, in noting low • inti dtfi yt #017- 
o&cuuv?r} 'gaUtxtruyag totio&ig, xal Uxtxyx noi- 
t* tyr i#«y. HXXm dtt OToxd&o&ai tov (itrglov • 
intl /Mfifrr noiii xaxix tot nxtt Xiyuv. *H piv 
yaqovxtflt tow y di, to xaxwg. Aioxujftxi- 
Sapavjog ipvzga qabtrai* ov yita ySvopati X QV™h 
iXX' ig iSiapati, ro7g ini&itoig, «vrw nvxvoig, xal 
ptiSooh xal indyXotg • olov, ofy Uf&ta, oXjUxtoV 
jyohv Id^mta • xal ov*, «fc "Kitty** aXX 9 efe -rip tw 
*Ig$plw narf k yvQiv • xal oixlvopovg, dXXa tovg tw 
niXtm gaoitelg x6ftovg* *«* oi Sgopto, iXXa fyo- 
ftala rjj Thg yvxftg OQgtjj- nai ofy ftovtOox, aXXd to 
rye <pvom$ naqaXafi&x povastov • xal oxv&oamoytrp 
yoovtOa tfg yvxns • **l ov *»owofc &Ua nccydjpov 

' Djgitized by VjOOQI 



RHETORICA. LIB. 1M. CAP. HI. - 145 

zAq&o* dufiwvgyog • xal olxovoftog tys rw axovov- 
Ttov yfoviis' xal oi xXddotg, iXXotrolg rye vXyg xXa- 
doig dnixgvipB • xal ov, to o&fia JiaQrjfimoztv, dXXa 
vifyjov et&fiazog cuozfov*' ***l dvziftipoy tip zqg ytv>~ 
Xyg im&vpiw (zovzo 8* &pa xal dmXovv xcti toti— 
&stov &a%B noififta yiyvszat) xalovtag tUtyov zi\v 
*ns (tvZ&VQWS vnigfloXriv. Jib naiijziu<ag Myovztg, 
tj) mtft*ml% zo ytXdiov'xal to ywxQor ifinoiovoi, xal 
10 iaaipig dta Tijy otdoXtoxiap • oxav yao yiyvtaoxor- 
n inipfiaXri, diaXvti to oqyig iw imoxoTuy* Ol de 
av&QWtoi zdtg datXoig xQ&vzai, St*? amwuovy, xal 
o Xeyog 'svxrvv&ttog, oloy to xqovotqi0uv aX£ ayno- 
Xv, nariwg notyzixov. Aio ^^a^wTatij % tu&V k'- 
$tg ioig dt&vqcifApoitoufig * ovzoi yaQ ytoytidng • at di 
yXanzcu zoig inonouug' mpvov ydg xal avdotdtg* 
jiCTayooa d* zoig iapfhioig • zovtoigyao vvvxQ&v*<*h 
won£Q~*V<t?i TC,i ' &** * T * tizaqzw, to yvxQW & *«** 
pezaqtooalg yfyvtiou* elol yigxal piza'ipoQai anot- 
nug , at piv did to ytlolov • XQ&wai yiq *al oi x«- 
pwdoTHHol (tnaipoqaXg • at tie dia to otfivov ayav xal " 
TQayixov ' aoacpeig 6s, a» Ttopfon&ev. Olov Togyiag, 
xX&qa xal ttaipa ti nodyn<tta • ov di znvza aloxQwg 
ftir MomiQag, xax&g 8e $&i$iaar nGirpvxiag ya$ 
Sya*. Kal ig 'Mxftdpag, zip ydovoyiav, fornix 
Xtopa zHv voficw xal zqv'Odvaonavjtalbv av&Qtmlvov 
(Hoy xatonxgov. Kal ovdh zotovzov a&VQnazji3*ovn- 
ost, nqooyeQW anarta yaq zaiza ani&avaJia. zw 
UQripiva. To di To^yiov dg zip x*Xtb*Qva, tn$l xaz 
crvtov nszopivri a<f>f\xe %o nfQizzaipa, aquna z&v ZQa- 
ytxat" dm yuQ, JioxQovyt, £ QHlopyXtf ogvi&i ph> 
Arist.Hhet. K* ' • 



146 ARISTOTELIS 

yao, ti inolrjOB*, ovx oIoxqox* naQ&wp de, alaXQo** 
Ev ov*Hotd6ffi<nv, un&r, 2 ijp, il£ oifo «mr. 
.CAPUT IV. 

~£<m to ualfi f&xinx pmrqpooa* dtaqfytt y&Q (u- 
xgSx" Star (ih yig $tnp tot 'jfctXMa, mg to Ximy 
irtogovotr, eixttr for** otaxdi, lioiv taogovoe, 
prrcKpoga' diet yag to apupmaydgdovg tbah nqoari- 
yogtvoc, pmxiyxag Uovta, tot jixillia* X^atfiox 
to r\ tlxwr xal ix liym m hUyaxug to'* fnntjtaiox yag* 
OUniae 8e, Sontg ai ftstCKpoged' prtaipogal yiq dot 
6*&aa>igovaai tw tigrjpwm. Etol &' tixovtg* olox qv 
'jfrdgotfax $lg *Idgiia, ot* opoiog totg i* %mr etapmv 
xvvidlotg' ixfiva vb yag ngoanlmoxxu bantu, xal 
'idgda Iv&evta bt t&V toop£V tfra* jratorwv Kal 
tog Ssodafiag tfxafa Upjti&xpor EvSmp, ympttquv 
ovx &nifftafi£v($. Kali* tov vxaloyov forac yig 
xaYo Evtwog *Ag%l$apog ymfutgtxog. * Kal to 4r vy 
nolixiia tjjillatwog, ottoltovg tc^v*5to£ oxvltvov- 
y v«* Mxuo* toTgxwidioig, a tovg U&ovg Sax***, %mv 
paiSrtmv ovx amousxa. Kal 4 tig tip $tycq?> ow 
Sfioiog vavxXrjQW, ioxygn pip, wtoxwp* to. Kal q 
eig xa ufoga tax nonjvmv, on eouce %oig avtv xaXlovg 
vgaloig • ol piv yag anav%hf)ortri$g, xa di 8iaXv&&- 
t«, ovx opoia (paivrtai. Kal y Uegutliovg ug JSa- 
filovg, ioixevcti avtovg roig na&ioig, a to? tftnpi* to- 
Xortcu ph, x3.aiorta to - xal tig Bot&tovg, on opotoi 
toig ngivoig • %ov$ rs yag Ttgtpovg v<p airt&v xena- 
xomeo&ai, xal rovg Boi&tovg ngbg allykovg pax*- 
pfrovg. Kal 6 dfipoo&iyw'Toy drjpov, pit opoiig 
iou roXg ixfdtg nXoiotg ravtww. Kal ig o dupo- 

>• - )igitized'byGO€)gI 



RHETORICA. LIB. Ul. CAP. V. 147 

ngatfig ritaot tovg Qntoqag talg i/f £«K* ** *o ¥*J- 
ptapa Karanbovocu , vg mah$ ti ncudia naQaXtl— 
q>ovm. Kal ig Idrtto&ipug Kriquoodotov tip Xtnthp 
XiBapmm flfraaov or* anolXvptPog tvtpqubu. Ha- 
aag yog tavtag,xa\ mgtinopag,xalig pnaatogag &- 
onliyHV. v Jlars oaat ap tvdoutpiatp, is /urorqpooai 
l*X&&Q(u, SyXoy on avtctk ual tixoysg bopxai, xal at 
ux&rtg, pnwpOQal Xoyov faiptpat. Jit* 9i del tt}v 
pwiayooav tipr 4* xov apaXoyop, iptanodtiipat, xal 
ijil&&z$oa, xal htl vfiv opoytpmp* olov, il^ yialq 
aanlg dtotvoov, xal tip ianida aqpitnt -Xiyto&a* 
ipuxXtl* u4om»?« *0 pip ow Xoyog ovr%J&s?ak I* 
tovtm. • - v 

CAPUT V. , 
"Eon 1? &Qxh*n$ X&wg,to UdtyKuv jovto &* 
dorlyfr nine. IZq&xop pip ip tdig ovrtiiopoig, $p 
anod&p tig ig nttyvxaot ngottgoi xal vgngo* ylypt-\ 
o&ah aXXyXmr, eloP Snot cmaixovtHP • wont? o MEN, 
%al a'BTJl MEN, ananu top JE, xal top'O JE. 
d&dt, &>g pippqiai , artanodidovcp aXXyloig, xal 
pip* paxgap inaat^p, pyx* ototopop itoo ovptoopov 
anodtdopm tov urayxalov* oUyaxov yag agpottu. 
*Byi d', 4adpoi*ln$v yl&t yog KXtop ttopst&g 
t» Xal a&ur* inogtvoptp nagaXafiip aitovg. *Ev 
tovtotg yag noHoinqo tov ano9o&i}<joft£rov ovydt- 
apov, ngatpfiifiX^puu ovpdwpou *Ap &i rtoXv to ptia- 
$i yiyf)iai tov inogtvop^p, aaeupig. °Ep piv tifiroiZ 
4r rolg awdiopoig. Jtvugop oi, to tdig idioig oro- 
uaat ttytop, xal pi volg mgiixovai. Tglrop, pq ap- 
(pifiiXoig' tavta di, &p pyta ipavxia ngocugyiai 9 

Digitized by GoOgk 



148 ARISTOTELIS 

onto nouAmr, foav pwfiir piv </u<" Uyup] ngoa_- 
nouartai Si t* Myetr • ol yitg tetovtoi i* noiqouU- 
yovtnravta, oXov 'Efti&doxlife' &tvaxi&* yog to 
■ xvxltanolvot, *al niozov*iP oi axgoaxcu, ojrtg oi 
nollolmga %oig uivteaw* Srm* yio tiytooiy upyi- 
Point, ovpnagaptvovat. 

Kgoloog "Mvp dutfiag, pByaXrjr agzqr *ortmlvou. 
Kal diet to Sitae llatrop thai apagtfjpa, dta w»W y»- 
ymv roC ngayportog Xfyovaw oi partus. Tvzoi y&g 
&p t<( irtolg ugtiaapotg, Sgtutrj mpiooa shew* pot- 
ior r\ iro'ov txw xal to 5w fatal, r { i6 jton. dio oi 
Zgriopoliyo* oi ngoooglZortw, wore. Z&Btovtu „ dij 
tavta opoia •.£</?, ap py rotovtov tipog Zvexa, 4ptv- 
xxiov. Tixagxop, is Hgonayogag ta yevrj tup opo- 
pdtoap iiygn StftPa, nal ^^Ua, xal oxivsj • du yag 
inodtdivctMtat teevxa og-dig* € Hd' &&ovoa, xal 
dctdsx&uo* $z*to. nipntov, 4p x$ ia xroHa xal 
oilya, nal fv og&Ag opopdiup' Old 9 ik&orteg, rrv- 
nxov pe. "Olotg di S$t tvayayroHjiop that xoysygap- 
pivot, xaltvygaoxov. "Eoxh di zo avto- ontg oi »oi- 
1 lolvvpfoopoi ov» . fyovoir' ovi* a pi) $<juho? duxfixi- 
£at t m<S7ttgxa*Hgaxlthov. Ta yag'JHgaxluton dia- 
<ni£cu, egyov, dia to Sdqlop what, noxegm ngowtH- 
tat, xy vvregop, tj zip ngotigox* Olov 4m rp igxff 
avxov tot ayyygappaxog* an^jl yag f Tov ioyov tov 
d' iovtogaUl atvvero* uv&gww ylynopta§. ^<flij- 
lop yig, Tp aid ngog onoxigy dtomttat. . *Et* tufa 
nottl aolotxi£$ir, to pi] anofydopeu, tap pij 4ni£ev- 
ypvpg ap<polv> f> agpoxxn • oloyy yoyov, ij ZQ*>P*> *i 
pivioar, ov notwop* to d* aUt^opivog, nowop. *Aoa- 

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RHET0R1CA. LIB.1IL CAP. VI. 149 

cpri 8i, a (**l ngo&tlg il'nyg, (itXXwv noXXa fitiaSv ifi- 
fkxXXeir- olov, "EfuXXor yag -diatex&elg ixtivu tab* 
xal tads, xal &ds, nbQsvto&w mXXa firj, "EpsXXov 
yctg &taXtx&*k foogwio&ai, tha tad* xal tide,' xal 
SJk iyivtto. 

CAPUT VL 
JEe$ oyxop d? 1$?' Ae&W avufiakteicu tad**, to 
loym ZQiiod'ai art orofiatog* otop, fiy xvxXop 9 &X£, 
fytlnedov, to ix tov fuoov Jaov. Eig di ovvwpiav 
to ivartlor, aptl.tovloyov ovofim. Kal iav aioxgov 
ij angtnig' iav ph b t& Xoyy y aioxgw, tovvofia 
Xiynp • iav Si iv *q> opofiati, tip Xoyov. Kal /m a- 
q>ogaig dijXov*, xal tdlg im&footg, tvXapovptvov to 
noiytixop. Kal to h noXXa nomv, ontg ol 7tovqtal 
itoiovow hog Snog fop&oi, opyg Xtyovoi lipivag tig 
'jfxatxovg' xal,' , 

JiXtov fih aids nolv&vooi diamvxai* 
Kal ftfj im£evypvvai, all* ixatig^ btattgop, Ttyg yv~ 
Traixbg trig rj^tsrigag • iav Si avvtofimg, to bavtlov. 
Tr^g tifAttdgag yvvaixog. . Kal fjutaovpdiofiov X&ynv ' 
iardi ovptofiag, avtv fib owdiofiov, py aovvdera 
8i • olov, itOQW&ilg xal dtaXez&Wt noQsv&elg ditX&* 
X&ri*. Kal to 'Arupaxov xorjotpov, 4£ Sv pij %x u **'- 
yuv, o'ixuvog nom 4tw tov Tsvptjooov, 

Hfru tig^vspoug oXlyog Xotpog*' 
aiistai yag ovtag tig aimgop. m £oti 31 tovto xal 
M aya&w xal xax&p, Snag oix txu K onotig9ag av g 
Xgr\mpov. v Q&tp xal ta.opofiata ol noiijtal qpigova^ t 
to *xogb*ov t xal to aXvgop (JtiXog • ix tip ottg^mv yag 
imcpigovatp - tidoxipu yag tovto iv tmig prtayogaig 

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150 aristotblisl 

Xtyopttor, xalg avaXoyop* oiorxba>afai,xfp}a£lmy- 
ya ttvoi ftiXog aXvgov. 

caput m 

To di itginot f$ci q li&ig, Saw p na&tixutrj x* xal 
y&txt}, xal xoig vitoxuu&oig itgdypaoiy avaXoyor. 
Tod* avaXoyov toxw t tav pi\x* ntgl tv6y*mf avxoxa- 
fldaXwg Xiyrjrai, fit t x9 ntgl tvxtl&v atjtvng' ftyd M 
xm tvrtXtt bvouaxi ircrj xoafiog • el di (i7],X(opi$dla 
q>aivtxaf olov noiu KXsoifmv quota? yog tvia Ha- 
yev, xal tl facie? ay, noma awn}. Ha&ijrutT} di, 
iav (ihtyj vfigtg, ogyi&uiyov.Xite • iav di aatffi xal 
ataxia, dvo^tgaiviyxwg xal tvXafiovfihotg Xdystv iav 
di inuivexa, ayajiivwg • iarde iXeuva,T07teir&g, xal inl 
xuv HXXw di opolwg. Hi&avoXM %6 nga)rua xal ij 
oixBta X4£ig • nagaXoyi&xai yog t) if/vxh •$ aXiffrwg 
Xiyovxog, on inl xoig xoiovxoig ovx&g poverty, war 
otovxat, $1 xal ftrj ovtwg Ifrw, ig b Xiyvv xa ngay- 
paxa ovxwg tyuv. Kal owojiouma&tl o axovtar 
atl t£ rta&rjuxttg Xiyovn, ««* fxr^dh Xiyy • dib irol- 
Xol xaxanXxfixovoi xovg axgoaxag ^ogv/Sovvxtg. Kal 
fj&txfi di avxri fj ixtwv atjfisiojy du£tg t oxt axoXov&u 
tj agfioxxovaa kxaoxy yivu xal S«*. My& di yivog 
fuv xa& yXixlav, olov ita%g, rj avqg, *J yww »al 
yvvq, ij avqg • xal Aaxw, fj Omalog. ££ctg di, 
xa& tig noio g xig x$ (Hip • ov yog xa& anaaap f$& 
oi pioi noiolriveg • iav ov* xal xa ovopaxa oixua X4- 
yjJ T g Ub*, noiifaeixb tj&og* ovyagxavxaovd* wav- 
ing aygoixog Sr xal mnatdtvpivog ttnwv. [Haoxov- 
<» di x% ol itugoaxal, xal w xaxaxogpg #£<Svt£« oi Xo- 
yoygaapot \ xlg d ' ov* oidw • jmayttg foaefr* opoXo- , 



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i 



RHETORICA. LIB. III. CAP. VIII. i5i 

f& yptg o ixxovwr atoxvyop&og, Snug u*tix$ovn$Q 
xml oi &XX01 nurttg. To 3* evxafyatg miy evxatywg 
XQtl<j$ai, xowb* andrtmp t&v bISwv itrnv. Idxog d* 
foi navy vmofioXj^, %i> &QV&ovpevoP * du ybq avxov 
cnrty nqoommlriTTuV doxii yiq aXti&ig thai, ints 
oi Xcar&aru y% o noul, ibv Xiyona. "En tolg &va~ 
toyov prj naatr Spa yg^aao^tu* ovta yao xXdmszai 
o axQoarys. Aiyw di, olov iar to ovopata axXriqi 
jl, pi} noil iji qpcorjj, xal tip nQoodntp, xul io?e ap/iOT- 
tovpiv • et di py, qtrnttgoy ylywtm txuatox o ioilv. 
*Ei* di rod* ph, tod* di pr, Icty&arrj not&r,. to avio* 
*£ap olr to fialaxa qxlng&e, xal to cxXyqa paXa- 
xi>$ Xiyqtai, anl&avor ylymeu. Ta di ovopaxa to 
dnl&na xal dmXa nXtiu, xal to Sba paXiOTa agfioT- 
tii Xiyoru na&rjTix&f auyyvmpti yog ogyiiopivty 
xaxbr qpaya* ovgavopuxtg , jj mhagiox tfotiiv. Kal 
Stav tyfl y^y voig axgoaw, xal noi^apMoyataaa^ 
$ inaivQte r yoyoig, t\ ogyp if (piXia • olo* xoH '/<ro- 
xqccttis noiii to t$ navijyvgm^ tol tiXu, torym* di 
xal (ivy w xul, OftiPSQ irXfjaay. &&dyyort*l r* 
fig to Toiavia iv&ovoux£orrtg • cSort xai «7roW;rov- 
to* $r(Xov6xh bftolatg qxovteg* AA xu\i$ froiqoc* ijfl^ 
fioa$p* lsv&§ov yig {) no itjaig. "Boy ovrw du, 1} 
pa/ sifconfaff, ihttg Togyiag inolu, xal %a lv%$ 
Valdgu* 

CAPUT VIII. 

To di ojApu vifc XtZttog del jm}m t/iftngox drat, 

pfjp% ag*$v&pov to ptV yap anl&apovxstnXaa&mya^ 

3ox^ xo* a/ia *<*} i&i&ttio* * nqootyw yig noiuttf 

opoltpf nor$ nahv ij{«*» Iflomg ob ifa xfiovxm* 



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152 - AH1ST0TEL1S 

ngoXafi/idvayoi xa naidia , to, xiva algurai initio* 
nov b dniXwdtgovptvog ; KXionva. Ttf di ag$v&- 
uov, dnigartop. j& di nentgdy&aj, flip, firj fiitgy 
di' dydig yag nal ayvwatov, to antigov. Hagai- 
vtxai di aoi&pi ndvta b di tov oxyuatog ttjs ld$i~ 
t>g aQ&pbe, QV&poQ dotty, ov xal ta fxhga tfi%td, 
Jib §v&fibp duBX$iv top Xbyop, fihgop di fitj' nolnfia 
yag Hatai* (v&fibv di fit) dxgif&g. Tovto di eotat, 
4av fiixgi tov *j. Tup di $v&uw, b flip t)Q$og, <w- 
ftpbgxal ov X&ttmbg, xal dgaovlag deoawog • b d' Xap- 
flog, aixri iotw r\ Xfttg n t&v itoXX&p* dtb fidXiata 
ndvtup tS>v uhgtop iaufiua ^p&iyyortat Xiyovxig. 
AC* di atfipotijtaysyiG&aixalixatrioai. 'O di tgoxatog, 
xogdaxtxtattgog • drjXdi di ta tetgaunga • Itrti yag 
tgoxsgog (v&fiog, tit tetgdfietga. Ailnztai di nau 
w, <$ ixg&vto flip dnb &gaavudxov dgSdutrot • ov* 
Jjtoy di Xiyup, tig ijv. *Eoti di tgiteg b natitv, nal 
ifofievog t&p etgrjfUvw tgia yag ngbg dvo iatiy. 
*E**Lvmv di e flip, fv ngbg |y« o di, dvo ngbg If. 
*£Zttcu di tip Xoymv tovtnp brjfUoUog • ovtogd' iotb 
bnatdv. Ol ub ovv aXXoi, did ti ta dgtjuba dqxe- 
tioi, xal dtbti fietgiuoi* b di naiar, XrjTttiog' anb 
fiovov yag ovx for* fihgov tap (rj&sytm #v&p*m • 
«5<rT8 fidXiota Xav&dmr* Xfvp fib ovp xg***ou ty 
hfl naiuvt xal agxop&oi. Jst di diatpigup tvp *e- 
'Xtvi^v trig dgxnS' "E&ti di naiavog dvo el'dy, ayrt- 
xtlfiwa dXXyXoig* £p to fib &, dgpjn aguotui, wa- 
iteg^ up* xgwvjai ' ovtog d' iotb, ov agxn fib jj /uo- 
ngd, teXwwvt di tgtig (Sgaxuat' Jaloywig, *tt* 
Avnlav - nal, Xgvotoxofia "i&a**, not 4tog. v £t$gog 



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BETE TORI C A, LIB. III. CAP. IX. 153 

d*4$ ipartiag, ov fauxum aQxovaitQ&Zg- ij di fiaxQa 
ttUxnala.* Msja di yavvdaxd/i autsavov r)(pdvios vv$. 
Ovtog di teXwxyv notu" q yao faaxtla, did xo «ts- 
lyg ehai, now xolofiov. *AlXd du t» /*axo£ aiio- 
xoTttea&ai, xalfo)lir\v thai tip xtlxvxrp> ftrj did to* 
yga<p£a, uifii did xi)v 7tagaygaq>T)y, dlXd did tov qv- 
&p6v. u Ou fuv ovf svgv&po* du thai xijv X££iv, xotl 
fAT) ag$v&ftov, xal tbtq wgv&fio 1 notovoi Qv&pol, 
xal nwg %X°rt*$, ai'o j?T£U. 

CAPUT j&: 
Tip* di M$iv dydyxrj thai nuoofAw^vxaltf &vv- < 
diapto filar, famtg at h tdig dipvydpfioig dvapo- 
lal' v xateotQajififrfiv xal ipolav talg xihv dgxaiav 
noirpwp anungoipoig. € H(ih ovv tlgouhm hfeig, q 
dgxala iaxdp * 'Hgodoxov Oovg/ov i\d* laxogiqg dno- 
dej-tg* Tavxfi yao ngoiegov pip anayt$g, vvv di 9V 
nollol,xgaptai. Aiyto di sigoiJwr}V,n oidsv i*«T£- 
log xa& avxrp, ay [iij xo nodypa ksyofitvov ttluGt- 
&ij. v Eaxi di UTjdijg, did to aituoov to ydg xikog 
ndyztt, fiovXavxai xa&ogyr. diineo Iji> tdig xaft- 
ttTfjQaw ixnviovoi xal inXvonai • ngoognvxtg ydq to 
itigag, ov xdpvovoi ngoxsgov. c ff p& ovv dgofiivq 
iijgUSemg, few yds. Kaxtatoaiip&ndi, rj h neo*. 
kdoig- Uyn dintgiodov, M£iv tyovoav agxyv xal t«- 
levxrjv avxr^v %a& avtqv, xal piyt&og tvavvonxov • 
fjdtla d* i\ TOiavtti, xalevpa&ys' vdiia piv, did to 
tvardwg r#e*y «<» dnsgdyxm' xal on aUi it of teat 
lx*w o dtcgoaxrjg, ty aid nemgdv&ai ti aix$* to di 
tirjdh> noovoMv thai, u^di dyvtiv, atidig. Evpa&fc 
$i, ou ivfiytifiwwtog • toSto di, iu aqi&phv $x 9i i 



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151 ARISTOXELIS 

4* mgtoSoig l&tg, o nartm* eiwnipeptmotato*, 
\Jio nal wV phgw nirng pntyuovevftwi pallor tw 
gvdfiv* agi&pbr yog &•* <» ptrgnrak. .Jet ^w; 
ntgiollov *ai trj itawoim ttttltuao&Mh *<*l pi\ dtaxo- 
Ttrtxr&cu, nantg %a~2otyo*lfovg ietpflua- 

/CaXvMy fi£* jjffe, /ol« Iltlomiag x&orog* 
Tovvartio* yag hnw vnoluftuv »y dtmgfie&cu, *<r- 
frcpxal ird tov ngripivov, %rp Kalvdima ibai tijs 
J7do* om/<rov, mgiodog di, ij f*i*, 6> *t»jlo4$ • i? At 
cfydifc. *i?<m fld, fr galot? p^ W?*S *) tntlunpiyti 
%t %€i forjwft&rn, xal tiapakwvatog, pi i» ttj diou- 
giott, &<j7regjj Mgrjpiyt} mgiodog, al£ oly. Kmlot 
tf iotl, to hegor- pogtor tavt^g. ld<p*ly &i liyv iq* 
ffoyonttAor. ^tl £4 «ai tit xula, nal Tap mptedovfe 
pi}« fiwovjpQv? «7raj> fMJM pa*fa;. To pb yag 
ptxobv, ngoomaiuv hollaxig komS to* axgomqv 
wayxq yag, Star trri ogptbr M «o n6g$*, xal t© /**- 
T^oy, ou $?«t |? iavr^opoy, amrcojvacr^n navaapi- 
rov,-olor ngoamalurylyrto&aiSii tij* artingovatr. 
Ta di paxga omoltbno&ai notu, mantg oi £o*xiga 
&no**pntortig tov tigpatog • anolstnowji yag *a2 
ovro*~Tovs crv/iTte^tnaTovrra;. € Opofag di xal a* 
mglodoi at pctxgctl ovcai^loyog ylyyttai xal Scraflo- 
Ijj apotor. "Jlate ylyrnat, o foxuy* Jffpoxgttog o 
Xfogtlg Mtlavmnldtp,noiJi<3<xv%a artlxmr artungo- 
q>w arapalag* 

Ol'x ctviy nana tcvz*i> aryg, ally nana w^' 
H £4 l"**? aya^olrj t$ notqaarri *a*/arij. -Ag- 
p6rtH yag to toiovtor xal fig tovg paxgoxAovg 
liynr, Jt di liar pgcttfunvloi, oi ftsgiodog ylyrnat* 

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RHETORICA. LIB. m. CAP, IX. 155 

ngonstrj ovv Syu tor axpourrjjv. 7%g tie iy xtaXotg M~ 
££&>?> V air, 8iJlQr}[*&v*l iatfo * 7) Se, avuxupbn* Ji?}- 
Q7ifjth>r) per, olov, IloXXaxig i&avpaa* imy lagnatrj- 
yvgttg ovvayayovTw, xaliovg yvuvixovg aymvugxa- 
ih<nr}G<xrriov. > Arr,Mup&rri fa, i» tj ixaxiQtp ta xw- 
X(a, % nobg ivanim bavtlov ovyxeixai, ij tavro bti- 
tevxTctt jolg bartloig* olqv> IdfMpotiQovg d* &*r\aar % 
xal lovg vnoptfaariaf, xal %ovg axoXav&^aaptag* 
rdig fib yaq, nXefotrig olmdi n$oo*xxrpav%o m Toigdi, 
Ixctvrjp it)* otxot xatiXmov. *E*ainla, vnopwri, 
axoXov&fjaig * ixavbx, nXtlov. jIoxb xcii tolg XW~ 
fiaTtav deouboig, xal *o%g AnoXavaai (hvXopivotg, 
inoXavmg xtijan anlxmcu, Kal tit, 2vp(laivM 
noXXaxig i$> ruvrcug, xa* rovg tpq&luovg atug&r, 
xal xovg Sqqovag xatof&ov*. Ev&vg pip tSv aq±- 
citUav feua&rioay, ov noXv diwrttgov %w oqxV v tf* 
^aXaaarjg tXaflov. IlXtvoat ub 8ti %r\g rindqov, 
m&vocu dl did 1% daiatrrig, top ub 'EXXqanovrav 
ttvlctg, tbv d' *!d&(a du>Qvl;ags Kal yvou noXlxag 
ovtag, vofita %%g noXtmratiqto^au , Ol ub ydq afi~ 
tw, xanwg. aniXorto • ol d* 9 aloxQ&S iov&noav. 
9 Idia ub, rdig fia^agotg oixhaig *w<r£at* xoipp 8i, 
noXXovg t&v ovuuax&r nsQiOQ%v SovXtvovrag. *jff 
ttirrag font, 1} xtik^vv^aartag MataXsiiptiy. Kal o 
tig Uu&iXaov tig Am xal Avxoyoovaif t$ dixaorn- 
qI<*>, Ovto* d' iuag, oXxot ub t ovxtg^ In&Xovv • iX&ov- 
teg d' ig wag, iwiivxai. "Anavxa y&Q xavxa-noui 
%b $U}f}fib>ov. c Hdiia di ioxw y xotairri Xifa, 6V* xa 
ivavtld yvuQipwtara, xal 7taoaXXfjXa paXXov yrw^*- 
f*a* xal ot*|'o*x8 ovXXoytofiia • yaq Utyxog f ovit*- 

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% 166 ARISTOTELIS 

yvytl fwv arTtxnpivm iotir. ^Arri&eaig'piv ovv to 
toiovxop ieu* nagiatootg di, iay laa xa xwXa. t Ha* 
. gopoimatg di, ay ppoia xa taxava Ijfj? £xar«0oV xwv 
xtolwv, * 'Avayxti di rj tv agyy, ij tot xeJUvxJjjg tx uv - 
Kal agxv H*v <*W ** bvopaxa \ 4) Si TtXtvtr] , ia§ 
ioz&ras avXXafiag,vtovavjov ovopuxtog njwoug, r\ to 
ai/xo oro/ia. 9 E* agxp pi* fa soiavxa" *Aygov yog 
tXafttv agyoy nag avvov. * 

d&QtjTol t* iniXovto, nagdgQifioi t inisoatp* 
*lto$ TfiJUvr^ M, Jlirj&t}aav avxbv midhw iCToxhai, 
aX£ avtov aXtiov ytyovbau *J& nXdotaig Si (pgov~ 
%Uf*, xal iv iXtx$l<rtaig iXniou JTmatg di tavxov, 
ASwg di OTad-rivcu xaXxovg, ov* atwg <£y ^oAxov* 
7bi)x$ tf* ovo(ia,Sv d* avtov xal £wza eXeysg xaxmgi 
*alvvv\a7io&av6vTa\ygayug xaxig. 'Anb avXXa^r^g di, ' 
Ti av %na&tg dswbv,u &*dg $!deg agfibv,*E<rndiapa 
ndrrsxup tavxb xal avxl&totv thai xto alto, xa\na* 
gurov, xal oaoioriXevTor* Al d'-agxaiySv negtod&v 
GX^bv iv Tolg Oeodexreioie ^gl&^vj'm. Eiol di 
xal ytvdtlg avj&faug, olov xal 'fimxagpog inoiei, 
Toxa fib b> trjvoig iyiv ip* *oxa di nagi xrpong 
iy<6. *- 
- CAPUT X. 
ISnil di tiuigunat mgl tovtmv, no&ev Xiyetau Tci 
aatsta, *a* xa tvdoxigiovvta, Uxriov. JJoulr fiefr 
_w* iotiTQvsv<pvQvs, fj tov ysyvpvaoubvov' dei£ch 
?*> t^g fie&odov tavtijg. Etnapev ovv xal diagiA 
#Mo<»tie&a- d QX ^ d' faf*^** amy, To yog <*ay-* 
&avuv iading^dixpvou naoip ion- xa, di M/iata ' 
oV(**iru Ji •. wot e Soa t£y oropajM notu %(&* f*«- 

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RHETORICA. LIB. HI. CAP. X. 157 

&i)oiv, ydurta. Ai piv ovp yXittai f ^iyywttg' ti 3i 
xvoia, lofitv. c ff di fitracpooa notti tovto uaXma • 
oxav yig. tfjty to yrjgag xaXapyy, inofrios fia&T)oiy 
xalyymaw dti tov yiyovg 9 £p<pio yio antiv&^xora* 
Iloiovai jdv ovy xal ai t$>v nonpar dx6ytg to avto* 
diontQ, avsv, aaruov yalytta*. "torn yog ij ux&y, 
xa&amo tYQiytM nqoxtoov } fjttxaxpooa diayioovca 
ngoo&iou* dibyxxoy fjdv, Sit fiaxgoxigtag - xal ov Xi~ 
yu to? xovxo ixuvo ''oixow ovdi fiyrs* tovto y yn>X*t* 
'Avayxi[ dr\ y xal Xi&y xal iv^Vfirj/xaxa tavta tlyat 
a&ttia, oaa noui tffuv fia&fjotv to/ wry du> 4>i5ia ti < 
inmoXaia t&y hr&vfir}pa%toy tvdoxtpii* sxtnoXaut yig. 
Myopty xi nan* dyXa, xal a firjdiy du £tixr t oat\ ovxt 
oaa ugr^uha , ayvoovpspa ioxiy, alt oow q aaa 
ltyQ(ibwv i) yySutg yiyyexat, xal si firjTigoxsgov vnyg- 
Z* v * V f*i*QOV vaxtoiiu % dtayoia • ylyvstat yig olov 
pd&fioig* ixsiyag di, ovdsTsgov. Kara p& ovp %i\v 
diatvotav tov Xsyouhov , ti totavra evdoxtjm twy 
iv&VfiTjudnav. Kara di xy\y XiSiv> tw piy ax^uati, 
iiv avrtxeiuiyag Xiymxar oloy; Kal tyy tots eiXXotg 
xoiyrp Blgrjytjy youti6y%$oy toig avxStv idiots nolepor' 
uvxixeixat noXeuog sigi t yjj* Tots d* oyouaoiy, lay 
txji futaq>ogay • xal lavxijv jmjt aXXoxglay • < %aXtnbv 
yag ovyideiy • p^i InmoXatoy oidiv yig noui na-_ 
oxtty. "Bud nob oppaxuv 11014% ' bgavyig delta 
ngattifisva uaXXox, y piXXona. d*i aaa tommy 
0T0/tt£ttr#a* TQitoV, usxaqpogag, avti&ioewg, iysgydag, 
Toiv di finacpoQwv tsxxagay oio£y 9 eidoxipovai pa- 
Xiata ai xata ivaXoylay * won to UsoixX^q e<gp^ tip 
veotrjta t%v andlofiiyf}v iv tw noXifia , ovttag ^pa- 



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158 . ARISTOTELIS .. 

yio&ou in rye noUug, wmnq tt t$g to too. & tov &*- 
ttvrov 4ZiXrj. Kal Asnxivijg nsgl Aaxtdaipoyitay, ovx 

% 4qy negiid$ty Tqy 'jEllada h9QO<p&uXpov ywopbqv. 
Kal Kyywodotog 9 enovddtonog Xag^tog tv&vyag 
dovya* mol toy 'QXvv&taxby nikepoy, yyavdxxu, 
tpiauwy nig nyiypa toy b*npoy %xorta, tag tv&vvag 
miQaod-cu dovymi. I Kal nagaxaiuy note tovg*A&n- 
raiovg tig Evfioiay bwitioapirovc, Spq, Suy %&idyai 
to MiXttddov y^tptopa. Kal 3 I<pi*Qav*ig> onuoapi- 
ywy U&ifyafay ngbg 'Exldavooy xa* tqy nagaXlav, 
fj/afaMtu, qxxoxuy avtovg tit iyoduxtovnoXipovTta- 
Qjiow&w. Kal JlmS-oXaog tip ndguXoy, QonaXoy 
tov Gtjpov, JEfyoroV di, ttikday tov HugauiaQ. Kal 
IlfoixXrig tip Jfywav aytlur iuiXtvas, tip Xr^pip 
tov ling aUmg. Kvtl MoigoxXqg, ovdivt<pq ffoyqoo- 
* tigog that, bvopdtoag tiva tZv ijtmx&y * ix&voy jfuy 
yag tol xolttty toxwv novT}Qsveo&oHj aijby di inl AV- 
xdtnv. Kal to ulvafavdgldov iapfiuoy vitig *&y$v~ 
yatigw nob g toy yapoy iyxgontovaaiv, 

'Xittgyptgoi pot tmy yapmy ai_nag&iyo$. 
Kal to UoXvtvxtov dg anonXrjxuxoy twa Jfrtevatn- 
noy, to pi} dvvaa&at yovxlay ayuy vnb t^g rixyg, 

. iy mrtaavglyyta voo<n Mspiyoy. Kal KqipiaodoTog 
tag tou'ioeig txaXu pvXayag notxlXovg • o Kvtay 6s %i 
ManqUlu, to *4tuxa yuditta. AioUay 9i , on ug 
Stxtklay iip'noUv iUxs<* v * tovto yog petaa>oga nal 
nob oppwuay • xal wots flo^aa* tip c EXXdda • ualtov- 
to tqonoy tiva pvtaipogd, xal nob iupatmy. Kal 
tooneQ Ktiytoodotog svXafoZo&cu ixiXws, im} noXXag 
noiqovoi tag jovydgopdg ixxXrjolagi ' Kal looxgdtijg 

),g,t,zedbyGO0g] 



RHETORI CA.,L IB. IH. CAP. X. 150 

ngog rove awTgdgwxag to xaZg xaptiyvgwi. Kal 
olop to t$ innaiplu, foon aliop ip inl tw T«Vq» t$ 
x&p to Sotlafun TtAwTqooVroir pxigaa&ai %r\v € Ella- 
da, iig tfvyx^ta&aJtxofitofjg x$ agtifi avxmv tye ilw- 
•dtgUtg. _ El pip yig elntp, 3ft a&o* doxf vow, tfi/y- 
xata&anroutoffg xqg aorr i}$, priaatogi, xal ngb oupd* 
imp • t6 9i, trj agttg tj}$ &tv&agtag, apxi$$Qtp two 
$p§. - Kal tig *I<ptxgaxqg Aup * *H yig bdog pot %Zp 
loyatp foa piawpx&p Xagqn ittngayptotop 4<ni* iw- 
xwpogi *ot« apaloyiap, xal xo Jta uioov, itgo ©/w- 
ftatmr noteT. Kal %& yavai nagmxotlup tovg xipdv- 
vovg iotg xipdvpoig fioffi^aopxag, nghopuaxmmuvra- 
qtogi. Kal Auxoltop vnig Xaftglov, Ov9i tip tace- 
xrjolap aiaxvr&ivt$g aixov ttjv tixopa typ xalxyr' 
fLtraq>oga yag to xy nagopxi, al£ ovx aitl, alia ngo 
ouuutwp* uipdvpivopxog yag-aviov, iurniu i\ thtip, 
%aSfffVxop dy tfiipvx ** T0 vnoarfifiat&p %%$ noUmg, 
tgytar. Kal nipxaxgonop pmgbp ygop&p ptlttwp- 
itq • to yig ptXtxyp, avfrip xl iori» Kal on top 
povp h &u>q amg aptjiptP to xp yu/j} * apty* yog drjloZ 
t*. Ov yap dtalvoutda xovg noliuovg, &l£ oV«- 
fiallop9&a' Suqw yog iou u&lopxa^xal q apafiol^ 
*al y voiavtf) uoyrfj. Kal xo tag avr&yxag (papat . 
xgoncuow thai nolv xdlliop x&p to xoig nolipotg ys» 
voutowps to uto yag inkg umlq&p, xal pu*g tvxw * 
avxai'di, vnig napxbg xov nolipov apqw yag pixqg 
arjfitla. "Oti xal al nolng t$ ytoyy tip ap& gwnoiv 
fisyalag sv&vpag fodoctoir' tj^yag *v&vpti, /fta/fyw 
Slxawi icup. "(hk (ito ovp xa aoxua to futaipogag 



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100 ABISTOTEL1S 

%i x^gavdXoyop Xiytxai, xalxovnqb oppaTW nttuv, 

CAPUT XL 

*Atxiiop 8c, xi Xiyoptv ngb opiiaxw, xal xi tto\^ 
over* yiypzxai xovio. Aiyto Si} nqb oppaxwv xavia 
noulv, oaa ivsQyovvxa GJifiaivw olov, xbp aya&bv 
avdqa (parai eivat xstQuyawov, fi£ta<poQ<*' ifiq>to yog 
teXua' aXX* ov orifiaipu trigytiap. % JXXa, xi ap&ov- 
aotv Bxovtog xqv axpyv, ivfyyua. Kal xo f as S wo- 

v nig ctycrov, iviqytia. Kal, xovvxtv&tr ovv^EXXr^vig 
culartts noal, %b aitantg, iptyyua xal ptraopooa. 
Kal tog xixw*(*i> t 'Oi*fi()OS noXXaxov % $ t« axpvxa fp- 
yi#« Xiynv, 6mx xyg fiBxaq>oqag. j£r naqt d« to big- 
yuav noisiv, evdoxipu* dlov to xoigdt, 

Avfrtg inl ddnt&oyxt xvXipfato Idas avtudfc. 
Kal/Enxax oioiig* 
Kal, 3 Em7rtio&cu ptrcabw. 
Ka I, *Ev yairj Iqtuvtq XiXaiopeva £p 06 ? aatfi. 
Kal, Alxpff 8 e oxigvoio Suoouxq [iaiptotoa*. 

. s Ev nam yap xovxoig, 8ia to tpspvxa $lvat, ivtqyovvta 
cpalvtTvu • xb amiaxvpxuv yog, xal paipap, xal tocvL- 
la, ivigytia. Tavxa de nqoo^^t dta xqgxara avaXo- 
yiav nBTOKpoqag* a>g yag o Xi&og ng'og xbp JSiavtpoVi 
6 araioxvvTtov irQog xb* apatoxvytoiyiErov. Soul 
di xal iv talg svdoxtpovGaig uxooir inl xtop a^v^wv 
xavxa' 

v Kvgta, <paXr)Qit>toVxa' ngb pep. x&XX', avtitg in 

aXXa' 
Kipovftexa yag kal ttovxa note* navxa* *B d* £v£g- 
ytia, (lipiiQis. del di finatpiquv, xa&dntg tig^rm 

Digitize^ GoOgI( 



RHETORIC*. LIB. HI. CAP. XI. 161 

ngitegop, anb olxsiw, xal firj <paptgS,p* olov xal to 
q>iXoooq>la> to opotov, xal to noXv duxovoi & tag tip 
tdoxixov. "jlamg 'Agzitag %<pr\TavTov tlvatdiaitr}- 
ivp xal fiiopop * in apqxo yag to adutovptyop xatcr- 
iptvysi. M J£ e% rig qpaltf ayxvgap xal xgtpaotgar to 
alio tlvai* apqxo yag tairto t*' aXXa diaq?(gut$ 
apu&tpxal xata&tp. Kal to aywpaXlo&ai tig no- 
lug, to noXi dUzovot tavto, to inupaptia xal tivra- 
ptoi to loov. ~E<tu di xal ta aatua ta nXuata dia 
pttafpogag, xal ix tov ngootSaTtarav • paXXop yag 
yiypttai dyXoy, on tpa&t naga to iyonitog tfup, xal 
toixt Xiytip q yvzn ' «£ aXy&wg, iyidi qpagrop. Kal 
%S»v , ano<p&sypdtoy ds to aorua iattp ix tov pif 3 
tyrjoi, Xiyup • olor to tov <2rq<r<£ooov, on ot ttmytg 
iavtolg %apo&tp (foovtcu. Kal ra iv yptyptoa dia 
to avib fjdia • pa&rioig yog , xal Xiytta* pttayoga. 
Kal o liyn Otodmgog, to xatpa Xiyety. rlypttat di, 
vtap nagadoto* jj, Hal py, Ag ixuvog Myth *?*? *V* 
tyngoo&at 86$ar • aX£ wrap of I* toZ$ ytloiotg %a 
naganenoiijpira. m Ontg dvpata* xctl ta naga ygdp- 
fta ox&ppata* QanatijL yag. Kal to %o1g piigoig* 
ov yag, Sontg o axofrap vniXafttp* 

*£otttxt b 9 fyy* vw * nooolzipttXa* 
6 d' 4*jo nidda igtZp. Toitov d 9 • Spa Xtyoptoov, 
Su SyXot thai. Ta di naga ygappa nom, ovx o 
teytt Xiyup, al£ o pttaoxgiyu opopa* oloy to Gto- 
dtogov tig Nixtoya top x*&agq>dop, Bgattu at* ngoa- 
notiitai yag Xiyup to, &gatru„ot, Mal&anatif' aX- 
fto yag Xiyti* fob pa&om r\dv • intl ti ptj inoXapfia\ 
9t*- QQ(?xa thai, ov doty ioruov tlpa*. Kal to, 
A&UT. Ruet. L 

Digitized by VjOOQlC _* _ . 



162 ARISTOTELIS 

• (hvlu avtoy mootu. Ju 9* aptpottga woooyx**- 
nog ltx&V*<**' ovto di xal?a aoxua • otoy xo <pivai 
9 A&n*aiotg xqy jqg ^aldtt^g OQXWf ph <*9XV* «**«« 
%wy xax&y orao&ai yaq* "& rnomg '/ooxoctTi?? Tip 
"QXV* T V nolei, a^xy* thcu imp -xaxmr % apamxigiag 
yaq oov* ay $tj&ri tig iouv, xovx storjTa*, xaliyyta- 
o&rj oxi alfj&ig. To, xt yaq xyy <*QZV* <Fava*aqzfp 
thai, ovdty ooxpof il£ ovz ovra liyu, xal aqjflv, 
ov% S tlntv, anoytioir, all* allots* Ey anua* U 
xovxoig, iav nqoaijxoyxwg to Syopa h£yx$ hptorvpla 
fj pexa<poqa 9 jots to tv+ oior, ayacrgsro? oix iya- 
oz8Tog,f>fitavvfilctp «7ti<ptjaep, alia nqoorptovxmg, u 
nitidis^ Kal, - 

Ov* ay yfooio paMoy, jf at #u law, 

Siyoe* 
% ov pallor, % at b*ii, to avxo. » Kal oi duxor itooy, 
Hyoy aUl tftw alloxQioyydq xalxovxo. To avro 
wal to 'AyaSaydoldov to ijxaurjovptyoy, 

Kaloy y' ano&ayuy, now &ayaxov opa* altoy • 
tavToy yaq for* t$ dncly, afroy yaq ano&oty&y, py 
Zyra ahoy ano&ay&y ij afro* fao&avuy, pt\$ayd- 
tov aliioy oyxa, r\ pq noiovyxa &avatov vfeia. To 
piv ovy eldog to avro tijg li$mg tovxw all' oaa* 
avilctTtovLxal aynxmiUyag Uz&ti, xoaovrar pal- 
lor. Tod* atxtoy, ot* y pd&r}oig, dt* pto xo 
otmxuo&ai, palloy dii di to to <wU/«,.#«t- 
Toy ylyytvmi. dii $* aitl nqoti&rai, ij to nyog orli- 
ynai,^ 4j xi oq&mg liyto&ai, ti xo Uyop&oy alri&ig, 
*ai fit) brmolakov- trw yaqxavxa X&Q*S &«* * olov, 
dno&rri<j*nydu f pr}&b> apaqxarovxa- atfovxaoxu- 



RHETORIC*. LIB. ID. CAP. XI. 163 

or. Tf\v i&iap bit yap&p to* Z$iop* £k£ ovx iorti- 
*p* iiX iar apa apamtxji. "AUop y &ifo&apelp± 
§tq aSiop ovict %ov ano&aruv. "Ooy &' up nXtlta i/JI* 
TOQoirito aatstottgop <pabncu* olov, il xal -raopopa- 
%a pvtayooa tfr\ f xal ptxayog a Toiadl, xal ivxi&taig, 
xal naqiomig, xal Ijjfo* ipigyetav. Eiol 6m xal al 
' ilxortg, wmo sXqijjou xal iv toig Svm, aitl eidox*~ 
povoairgonop-Etpapnoipogal' aitl yao ix dvotr Xiyo*- 
vai, waneo 7i AvaXoyop pfrafpooa^olor/n uonlg, <f>«- 
pkp$ ia-fl <pidXr) "dgtog • xal tblor, (pogpiyt axogdog. 
Ovtw pb ovp XiyovoiP ov% anlovp • to d* unity to 
i6$or yogpiyya, % tip aonidu q>iaXip, anXovp, Kal 
Hxa£ov<n di ovtvg, olop m&rpty avltiT^p • Xvxtp yw- . 
xaCofiivtp 4tg pytana • Spam yito owayttai. To d , 
fv iatip, Stay pttayoQck $ • lot* yag tlxdoai rn* 
ctqnidct; tpiiX^p *Ag*6g • xal %i igthtiop $uxu oUiag • 
xal top Ntxrtgator <papai OdoxtrjiriP tlrai Mriypi- 
pop vito Ugawog, £an$g tlxaat Bgaovpaxog,My 
%6p Nixjjgaxor tjitfipiyov Inb Hgdxvog QaytpSoWto, 
xopmpta $& xal avxpfigbp It*. *B» olg piXiot* ixnl- 
movmv ol noxuxal, lay py *v 9 *al iap *vdo%ipw#i. * 
Aiyti d' oxap inodiihmp, 

v Jl<smg oiXivor, ovXa %i oxiXfj yogil. 

"jloneg QiXippw ivjopaxjw T«g K&gvxtp. 
Kal tot rouxvta nari elxovtg nolp. Al 6* dxop$g,~ 
or* pstayoQctl, figipai noXXaxig. Kal al ntigwpiai, 
ptrayogal an tldovg in tld6g eiW * olop, Sp tig &g 
aya&ov mtoopipog aitbg inayaytitai, tha piaP$ f £g 
b Kaondd-iog wot top Xayi m aptpmyag to ugnpiyop 
nmov&aw. v 0&*r pfr oir ti iatua Uyttai, *al 

. L2 



104 AR1STOTBLIS 

&6n, o^ttoV tfyqi** % ° «^ r * w - &°* &* *** *v8on*- 
fiovaou vnetfoXa}, ptTctipoQai- olov di$ ynuTuaopi- 
roy *JZiij£i?T* y&Q avtbv dtwiovuupirtoP ralaoo* 
iov&oop y«o T* to vti&kiov. - !4tf.« to jtoXv oqpo- 
800. 7© ft &fjw o ^0 xal -to, vmopotii % V *#•* &*~ 
opioovoa* -j 

Jlantg ViXapitrnv Svyopax&* *<? JDfeo»«* B 
faxh)* ar avtor Gtlippow tiv** (taxofitrov t$ 
lifoovxy. 

- Vi<nr«o atUvtt ovlm t£ okc'I^ <jpoo£ - 
yrj&tiydi oi attHy, alia oil&a fyuv pvme jovla. 
JSfri ft VTttffiolat /u<oaxM»fct$ • 0(potyoTf}Ttt yaq ft?- 
AoiW. ^10 ogyitoftsifoi liyovai paXioxw 

Ovd* eXfiottoaa dofaoou ympa&os t« icowff i». , 
Koioifp 6° oi fufdm 'Ayafdpvovos 'Atqddao, 
Ovd it XQw*kl ^wotej *aUof tyftw, 
7£p;w if' 3 A&nvaly. 
Xo&vtai b*k n&luna totrttp oi *A.ttmol $*j?0Q9$ % 610 
ftQiepvtipp Xfyup unqjwk* 

CAPUT XII. 

!^«2 ft,pi| JUJUj^a*, or* &Xq fccaafey ywe* &Qft6v* 
«* li£w oi yao rj aiftrj yoayutrj *ai iyimtHuttj - 
. tfvft drtfiriyoQiHTt xal dixavtxy. jtyup* ft «?0?wi)€*- 
ftye*' TO/uiy y*o, fori* UU^r/fry tta/araadw to ft, 
|f ^ arayxaCsod'O'j wutgumpp, av t* (Hovlffta* fitted 
doyvat %dig allots* oneo netaxovatv oi fiy 47tunmp9- 
901 ygd(puy. *Ea%i ft jt&if , 70091x17 ^i«y, j} axs^- 
OTcnfq ' aymnorixf) ft, fj vnoxonixmati}. Ttfvjys 
ft ovo 49* • q pfr /«p, ^«cij • ^ ft, na&ijUH^ Jib 

■ Digitized by GoOgk 



RHETORICA. LIB. I1J. CAP. XII. 165 

xal oi vnoxgital ti totavta wr doafiatoiy duixovoi, 
xal oi noiffttu tovg toiovtovg. Baotatorta* di oi 
ara/ytuKnutol: oloy XcuQrjpw axoiffyg yog, &ontq 
loyhyoafpog \ xal AvxLpytog t&y di&voauponowy. 
Kal naqafiallofuyoh oipto tmr yqa<fnxuy to to'vg 
ijrm€H,<rtwolq>ai*orta$ 9 ol di tmy fijtoowy iv if- 
Z&irteg, idtmtutol to taig *«p<J*V. ATtioy di, ou to ry . 
aySwi aqfiortn. ^fco Kal ti intoxoittxa a(p$Qi)iitorjg 
trig vnoxqhmg y ov noiovyta 10 avtwy tgyov, q>ai- 
rszcu evrfti) • olor %a iovydna, xal to noXXaxig to 
avrvLtinu* to Tij yqaftxp, iy&ag ajzodoxiputrtcu* to 
di iymuruxji ual oi $4toq$g zo&nai' S<m yog vno- 
xgvtvxa. 'Ayayxy di firtapaliuy to aito liyovtag' 
ontg ionsg odonotu tyvnoxqiyto&ai- Ovtog iotty 
oxUyag v/i«r ovtog ton* o iloKOTqaa?* ovtog o 
to tazaxov ngodovya* iniz^rjoag. Olop xal *Pdr^ 
par o inoxQitqg inoin, tV « tg'Ayalaydgldovytgoy* 
tojiayla, OTt Xtyu y Padauay&vg xal ZTalapqftq?, ***l 
to t£ nqotiyy t&y Evosf&v, to *Ey£* 'JEav yag ttg 
ti toumta pif vnoxgtofitat, yiyyttai 6 toy doxoy <pi- x 
gwy. Kal ti aavydna ioavtoH * qX&oy, dmpnrjaa, 
tidtouw ayayxrj yag vnoxglvo&at, xal fin »g & M- 
yorta t$ avty y&u xal toy** uitfty. "£n tzu id*-, 
or u xa iofodtra • to torn yig ZQ&*9 TioXloc doxH ti- 
• (fyi&at* c O yag ovy&topog to notfi ti nolla • Arc* 
ioyJZaif&jJi dffioy oft toiyartloy Junai to hnoXla\ 
m E&* ovy avtyoty qid-oy, duUzfrip, Ixhwoa nolla. 
Aoxu di imtgid&y, Soa tlitov, oca <JpiJ/*i. Jovtp di 
fiovXnm nomy xm* a Opr}Qog to t^ 



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160 ' ARISTOTELIS 

tftQtig d* av 2vur\&tv\ 

VTigevg'AyXai'fig' 

JWigevg, og xaXXmog: 
Hegl ov yag noXXa el'grjrai, arayxf) xal noXXaxtg tt- 
. qvio&eu. M'ovx xal noXXdxig, xal noXXa doxsZ. ~Jlo~ 
tb ijv£*j<tw «7ra| pvyad-tlg did top nagaXoyujfiopy xo2 
(txijutiP nvrolyxtp, oidauov varegov avtov Xoyop 
noiyadfttpog. c Huh ovp dyfiyyogixr) l££ig, xal noa>- 
ttl&g 601X8 tji cxuxygcHply o<ri» ya^ 3* rcAe/ar ij o 
oxXog, no^fiittgop q &ea • &o t« axgifirj ntgUgya 
xal £«/pa> tpalpetai h dfUpotigoig. C H ds dixy, axf*- 
piottQOP* hi de p&XXov, y ivl xgitp * iXdynnop ydg 
iattv bf QtjTOQixoig • tvavvontor ydg pallor to ql- 
xploy tov ngdyfiatog, xal to aiU0T{Moy* xai o a/«x 
antOTiv. JIotb xu&otQa y xgloig. Aio ovx olavtol 
iv naoi tovtotg iidoxiuovoi $t}toqs$' dX£ oitov pd- 
Xtcrtavnoxglasag, ivtav&a rptiata axgijSeia Sw. 7V>5- 
to ^ Swot/ gpwifa, xa* p&Xuna onov fieydlqg. » c 17 
fi*x ow'6rtde<xTixq ililiff, ygaanxendtfi ' to yagtgyox 
airing, dvdyvmig • fovrspa M, 19 $tx<mxi£. 2$ & 
ngoodiacguo&ai tqv Xiliv, oit qd&ty &i xa»/ifyafo* 
ngnffl, neglsgyop* tlydg pdXXop^cdatgopa xaliltv- 
&6Qiov, xal el rig ally y&ov? dgtxri ; to ^ao tjfo *a* if- 
ya*, noir\au dijXop or* to ugrjfiera, tl'n$g og&ig moi- 
mat ^ ap£Tq Tife Aftcag • T/yof yap ircxa du aa<pr t 9 
xal ay xomuvnv thai, alia ngfatovoap} *Ap x* 
yap adolsaxj], ov octyrjg, oidi, av ovrtouog. *Allb 
dijlox Eti to uioop agfiomi. Kal to ijduap ta m- 
Mftixa noifjou, av $v ftix^ft To siv&og, xai Zmxor, 
trio (v&pog, xal tbm&avbv ix Tov7tgirtoyrog*nsglpix 



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RHETORIC A. LIB. III. CAP. X11I. 167 

ovp vr)S Xi&ag ttgyrai, xal xotvy mgl anaptwy, xal 
Idlantgl exactor yhog, Aombv ds/mgltaZe&g um%y. 
m CAPUT Xlll v 
*£<m di iov Xoyov dvo pegy • avayxaiox yog, to, 
%t ngmypa slniiv ntgl ov, xal tor anodti£ai. Aio 
ehtovta jtif attod&Sai, rj «7io6*«|a# pr\ ngounona, 
advvatov. n O, T« yag anoduxrvm, t) anodsixyvai* 
xal 6 ngoXiymv, tvpxa to^anod&lai ngoXiyu. Tov- 
twv di, to piv, ngo&toig ioti • to di, nlotig. "flontg 
av *¥ tig diiXoi, on to piv, ngoftXqpa • to di, anofci- 
£ig. Nvv di diaigovoi y%Xoltag m dirjyvioig yag fto* 
%ov dvxavixov Xoyov povov ioxh. 3 Emduxnxov di 
ttal drj/njyogucov, n&g iydi%ziai thai dijjyqoiv oXax 
kdyovotv, q ia ngog toy avtidixop, fj iniXoyov tot 
anoduxtix&Vi ftgoolpiox di, xal avtutagafioXfi, xal 
iftwodog, 4v taXg dfjpfjyogtaig tots yiyxnai, Stop 
ivtiXoyia rj • xal yag r) xattiyogla, xal t) anoXoyla 
4toXXaxig,al£ ov%rj ovppovXq * aX£ b iniXoyog. *Bt% 
*vdi dutavixov navtbg, olov, iav pingbg b Xoyog, fj to 
ptgaypa iipvtipovwtox • hvpflahsi yag tov prjxovg 
aqpaigeiod-ai. 9 AvayxaXa aga pogia, ngodtoig, xal 
,<jti(m$, "idia piv ovx tavta* ta di nXiiota, ngool- 
fiiov, ngo&wtg, nlatig, inlXoyog* tayag ngog tbv 
avtidixox, t&v ntottw iott * xal t) ammxgupoXr}, av- 
Gyoig tmx avtov, oor« pigog ti tw nlot$w altodel- 
xvvoi yag %% b noi&x tov?o* il£ oitb ngoolpioP, 
cid* 6 MXoyog, aXt a*apipv{\oxu. "Eotai oiv 9 
Sr Tig tit ioiavta diaigtf, ontg iitolovx oi ntgl Qto- 
9mgoy, diyyrioig hegoy, xai In thirty rpig, xal tigodtriyn- 
Cig, xal ftsyxog, xal imliXsyxog. d$ di ttdog t*jU- 



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168 AR1ST0TELIS 

yorta xal duxqtogap, ovopa ti&w&cu • it tie fi^, yi~ 

yytxaixspop xal Xfigifotg, ofov Avxipviognouiiy vjjj 

*iz*fl» towigwstp orofiaitay, xal axon Xavr^ty > *al 

oZovg. 

CAPUT XIV. 
To (Up ovy ixgoofyuop, laxtp agx^ Xoyov* onsgip 
noif^an ngoXoyog, xal h avXtjoe* ngoavXiop • ««y 
Ttf yag agxal xavx slot, xal olop odonolijow tw im~ 
on*. 2\) pip ovp ngouvXiov, ofioioy r$ xmp briSti- 
uxtxSp ngootpla} • jeer* 709 bt <ru Aqiai, o, xi Svjfa&oi* 
avXqaai, xovxo ngoavXhapxtg, ovyrjyav r<j> iydooifia) • 
scat fr Totff imduxxtKOig Xoyoig d& ovrta ygua*uy • o, 
xiyag ay fiovXtixat tv&vg unoyxa , Movrai xal aw- 
dy*ai\ ottMQ napxtg hou>v<h nagafaiypa to xqg 'loo- 
ugaxovg < EXivris ngooipioy oiiSir yag oixuor vnag- 
%u xalg igwxixoig xaVjEXtyp. m Apa di xal tap ixro- 
ntoy» iguoxxu fxy oXop xop Xoyop opondii elpai* A*~ 
ysiat, ds xa x&p imdeucxtxav nqooifiia, $ inaiyov ij 
yoyov * olov Togyiag (iky i» t<£ OXvfinix^ Xiyy, € ftti 
noXXvy aStoi &auuaCco&at, i ardgsg^BXlfjysg' inui- 
pu yag xovg rag nayyyvgng avvayoyxag • '/aoxfarigf 
di yiyti, oxixag ukv t&y otapawv agtxctg 8mgtaighl r 
ptjaap 9 xdig 0* ru tpgoyovaty, ovtep a&Xor lao/qwr. . 
Kal ano ovpjSovXTjg, olop oxt del xdig aya&ovg ti- 
pijiv S16 xal airtbg 'Agtoxildyv incur ti' t\ xovg xoioi- 
xovg, o? pyxe svdoxifwvm, ftyxe ^avXoi, aX£ 5ao* 
aya&ol opxtg adrjXoi, otantg *AXi£aydgog 6 Hgtapov 
ovtog yag avpfiovXeiu. Exi d* ix xwy dtxavmm* 
ngooifiuav xovxo d' iarly, ix x»y ngbgxbp axgoat^y^ 
u ntgl nagabolov Xoyog, if ntgl xaXmov, y mgl ti- 



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R HE T O RICA. LIB. III. CAP. XIV. 109 

dovlXripbov noXXotg, wn% avyyyvur}p %x*w oloy 
XoiqlXog, 

Nvp 9* ox9 it Art a ddtiaoxat. % 
Ta fib ov* x&v imdumx&y Xoyw nqoolfiia , 4* 
xovrw i$ inaivov, ix y/oyov, ix nqotqon^g, i$ &no- 
Tooffjjjs, ix xur nQQS xbv axooaxipm Au M ij |«W, j} 
o\*iia elvcti xa bdootfia t§> Xoy<?. Ta de xov dtxa- 
rmov nqoolfua, du XajSstr, oxi xavxb dvpaxa* ontg 
twf dgafiaxnw ol nookoyoi, xal xSb into* ta ngool- 
fiia* xa fib yaq xm d*&VQctpPvr 9 opout xoig indu- 
xxtxotg? 

Aid as xal xta d&qa, & ti auxin. 
*E> di xoig Xoyoig xai tntoi duypa ion xov Xoyov, Xva 
ngotdvoh negl ov p b Xoyog, xal ftti xoifirixai y dia- 
rota • to yaq aoourroy, nXayf, c O 8ovg ovy, monta 
tig xyy xefya, xrjy aox*P noulixopwoyjxxoXov&eiy xif 
loyy. Aia xovxo, 

Mvpw a$id$ #*a. 

"AvSqcc uoi tvvsTiB povoa. 

"Hyso poi Xoyoy alloy, Qirmg *Aalag inb yalqg 

% Ml&sy ig Evqanip nbXtuog uiyag. 
Xal ol xoaytxoi dyXovoi nsol xb &Qapa,x$y Ufi sv&vg, 
wottiq EvQtnidijg' aX£ b x$ itQoXbyg yinov dqXo%\ 
wm*Q xal 2o<poxXr\$, 

*£(iol naxrjQ qy UoXvftog. 
Kal ij xfopwd'ia Moavxvg. To fib ov* ayayxato- 
xaxoytqyov xov noooqiiov xal idioy tovxo, 6^Xioai 9 
xl ioxt to xiXog, ov btxa b Xoyog. Atomy ay bqXoy 
$ nal fimqov xb nqayua, ov XQr}Ox£op nqooiuha. Ta 
di aXXa «ifti| ol? gowTa*, laxqwpaxa, xal xawa, 



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170 ARISTOTELIS 

Mynat dl xavxa, tx xs xoy Xiyoxxog, xalxov ixgoa- 
xov,xal xovngaypaxog, xalxov ivavxlov. iTrg* avxov 
pb xalxov avxMxov', SoantgldtafloXfixlvoat xal not- 
r}<jai*Eo7tds wx bpoiw anoXoyovpbug pi* ycty, ng&- 
xovxa ngbg jbiapoXri* •xax^yogovvxt d a , ivxfytmXoyw. 
di o Se, ovx SdrjXop' xqx fdi > yctqanoXoyovpEvov, 
Sxax pdXXji tioatuv avxbv , avayxaiov ctviXuv xa *©- 
Xvovxa* afore Xvxiovng&xoxxrjp diapoXqy -x$di dia^ 
pdXXovxi , iv t$ imXoyw diafiXyxiov, %xa pvnuovtv- 
toot fictXXov • xa Si ngbg tor axgoaxfix,ix xov tvxovf 

, noiriaai, xa* ix xov bgy loot, xal' ixloxet&ix xov itgoo- 
txxixbv , % xovxavxlov * ov yag alii ovpqpigu noi&v 
ngoontxuto*. Aib noXXol ug yiXma nttgavxai ngo- 

. ay six. Elg tie tvpa&tiav anavxa ava%n y iaw tig 
fiovXfjxat • xal xb inieixt} <paivs<j&ai' ngoaixovai yag 
fiaXXov tavToig. Ugootxxixol di xolg peyaXoigy xolg 
Vttoig, xolg &avfia<rto~ig , xdig tjdioi. .Atb d£ ^ttzroi- 
*iv, wg ntgl xoiovxw b Xoyog. *JEav ds pyiTQOGtxxi- 
xovg, oxifiixgbv, bx$ ovtiev ngbg ixthovg, Sxt Xvnij- 
gov, du ds fiy Xav&aveiy, oxi navxa ffrxov Xoyov 

v xa xoiavxa* ngbg qpavXov yog axgoaxipt xal xa Sea 
xov ng&ypaxog axovovxa* txtl av py xoiovxogji, ov~ 
dev 6u ngooiplov, aXt ij ooov xb ngayfia tln&v xe- 
ApaXaiwdwg, tta EXJ} £ontg owfia xxpaXriv, *Ex*. % xb 
ngootxxixovg noifix; navxmv xStv psg&v xoivbx, iax 
dirj* nartaxov yag aviaoi paXXox, ? agzopwot. 
dto yiXolov h agxfi xaxxeiv,8xejiaXMrtaiittvx$gnQoo- 
i%ovxtg qxgotovxai. "jloxe onov av y xtxigbg , ifr- 
•txiov, Kctlfjioi ngooizm xbx vovv • ovtih yag p&lXox 
f fybx, ^ vftdx*go>* xa\ t *£yu>yag vfiv, oto* ovdmwto- 



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RHETORICA. LIBl III. CAP. XIV. 171 

?* axrjxoate Sewov, fj ovtn xtavficurrov. Tovto d\ 
iailv, toonsg $(prj JXgodtxog, Sis yvatdZonv ol dxgoa- 
tal, nagBfifidXXny trjg ntytrjxoytadgdxfiov avtoVg. 
"tort di ngog toy &xgoatr k v, ovx rung o dxgoatijg, dij- 
Xov ndrtsg ydg, ij tiiaftaXXovoiv, tj q>6povg dnoXiov* 
tot* h tolg ngooijitotg, 

"Aral, ig& fih, ovx ont&g oirovdrjg vnp — 
* Ti ygoipidtji; 

Xal ol novfigbf to itg&yua t%ovttg, ijf y 9oxovpt9g • 
navtaxov ydg (MXttordtatglfiity, y iy x§ ngdyfiatu 
dib ol dovXot, ov td igwtt&pwaXiyovoiy, dlXdtd xv- 
xXco, xal ngooifudiortau Uo&ey d* evvovg del wo*- 
fiy, ttgrjiat, xal tay aXXmy txaotoy t&y toiovtmv. 
°Eml di ii Xiytxai, 

Jogpt ig 0altjxag <p(Xoy iX&iU>, r)d 9 iXetwor, 
zovttav del dvo Giox<x£eo&ai. *Ey 5» tolg intdeucu- 
v %olg ofeo&cu du noiuv ovvtnatvblo&tu toy axgoat\y, 
ij avxov, h)'yivog, 1} imt7}dtv(iai avtov, q aXXfog yi 
mag. *0 ydg Xiyu 2<oxgdtrjg h tw imraqiUa, aXy&sg, 
oti ov xccXmop 'A&yyalovg iy *A&i}yaioig biaivuv, 
-dXtf iy Aaxtdaipoyiotg. Ta 9i tov d^fiijyogixov ix 
tw tov dixavixov Xoyov krtL ®vau di yxiotu l>ct * 
xal ydg xal, mgl ot>, Voaoi. Kal ov5h Mtai to ngay- 
(ia ngooifilov, aXi % 9t avtby, fjtovg dytiUyovtag,^ 
idy (iy, riXlxoy flovXei,~iitoXai*pdwmy, aX£ r) (t&toy t 
Si hXattoy • dto ? dtafldXXuy, ij dnoXmo&ai aydyxt} % 
xal 1} aiftfjocn, $ jueiaacrt. Tovtwy de htexa, ngopi^ 
fiiov dsltai, 1} xoofiov x^g^' **£ avtoxdft&aXa qpaJw- 
tai, idy p.r) fyy ? toiovtoy ydg to rogylov iyxwfjuov 
ft? *EtUiovg m . oidir ydg ngottayxwloag t oidi 



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172 ARISTOTELIS 

itooapaxwrjoag, ev&vg Sgzttat, flJUfc noXkg ev- 
ialuw* 

„ CAPUT- xv.; 
J7fo» di 9tafioXrjg,fp pep to & wr &f tig inili}- 
yi*dvox*Qn inoXvocuxo* oidbr yag dioupiqu,*Ttt u- 
novxog nvbg, «Ft« pq • mart tovto xa&oXov. ^dXXog 
tqonog, &arr nobg to apq}io(tipovp6pa: anaan<fv % ij 
«j ovx %cmv, r\ Sg ov pXafisgbp, ij ov to% 

1| ifc OV TqAlXOVTOI' , $ OVX adtXOP, tj -OV f*«/«, 3 

ovx aloXQOV, f<wx $&of piysd-og • mol yag roiov- 
tcw { aficpLO^triatg' voneg 'lytxgavrig nqbg 
NmKHXoajtpf scpy yagnouqoat o sXtys, xalfiXa* 
ycu, aX£ ovx udm& % Sj amxctTaXXaxrta&ai «&- 
xovVt«* €* ftXafooop,' iXXa xaXop* el Ivntiqbp, 
uXX 1 itcpiXifiov, i] %i aXlo ToibvTOv* "dXXog t^o- 
*o£, ug tow apagtijpa, rj arvxrifia, r] apayxaTop* 
ol&p 2oq>oxXr^g Zfprj tgipitp, ovx *>$ ° O^a/SoJUwylgpij, 
h>a doxy yigow, aXX* i£ ivayxqg * ov yog kxoptl bivcu 
avi# fori oydoJixovta. Kal apjixataXXama&ai f xa 
ov fyexa, or* ov (tXaytai qfiovXno, iXXa rode, xal ov 
tovto o dtsfitXlno, noiyoat * ovpipy H fiXafi^rai. 
dixatop di ftiauv, ti Snug tovto y&Hftw knoiovp. 
AXXog,*i iftnBgislXrjnxaLb diafiaXXw, if pvp^ngoT^ 
gop, n ax/Tog, tj T«r iyyvg. *MXo$, tl ipTttgdapfid- 
poptah-ovg opoloyovoi pqiroxovg tlpcu xij diafioXri * 
©To*, d on xa&agog bjLO*xbg,xalb duva, \%al o duva 
Sga.Jl "AXXog, d aXXovg dafiaXsv, n aXXog avw, n 
apsv diafioXyg vxsXapfiapopTo, ianig avxbg pvp, o* 
fuyypauvr ovx epoxot. " "jXXog ix %ov ipttdiafiiUup 
top diafidXXopra 9 ajonopyitq, si o vvtbg Smatog, ol 



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RHET0B1CA. LIB. ML CAP. XVJ. 173 

tovtov Xoyot frorttti nunol. ZiXXog, «i yiyovtxgl- 
ctg ' £<meg Evoutldqg ngog^Tylctlvona iv t)J *Jbmd&- 
au xftTfi/ogovna, a>g act fag, 4g y inolr\at xtktimv 
imogx&v 

J7 ylmoo opmpor. , i\ ok 90 ip ayttyioTa? * 
$9^7*? avxo^a^Mtet^Tttc & tov Jtorvtxmxov ay&vog 
*glffU£ tig tit dtxaovqgta ayort* • ixtS yio (tirtbv At- 
fatxiyai Xoyov ijf dwotar, ti fiovlttai xart)yog$iv. "JX-> 
Xogixrov diapoXys xaTt)yOQ9iv, yXlxov' not tovto, 
St* aiUa? xghugnoiiL Kotvog d* ipqxfiv o roTtog, 
<to cvfi/SbXa Xiyuv • «Ioy Ir tm Tsvxgy o 3 Ob*wiotvg, 
ou olxuog t$ Jlgiapcy rjyag Hatovq afahprf o di, 
ou o nvwig^lx&ooQ T$ llgtapm, o TtXaptiv* xa\ ou 
ov xajeintTtov xaTtwxontov. "AXXog, r$ diafidXXov- 
"n, tw ijtfunH&vti ptxgov, paxg&g yiScu, piyct, avno- 
f*i»g, 1} ^roAiLa aya&a ngo&dviotto tig tongaypa ngo- 
€pigit r tv yi&cu. Toiovtoi di ol ttxruxmraxoi xcu 
adtxcbtctToi tot$ aya&otg yig fiXimuv img&rrcu, 
fu/rvrrtg- aixa tw jraxqi . Kotvb* 9i toi duxfidXXovu 
xcu t§ intoXvopiytp, inti&rj ti avrb b>dfyst€u nXuo~ 
vtov trtxa rtgax&yvcu, t$ pi? diapyXtovzi, xaxorj&i- 
ariov taxi to x&Qor ixXapftnyovw iw SiunoXvo flirty, ' 
inl to fliXrioy • oW ox* o JioprjSijg top *09vooia 
nqotlltto, ry /iey, or* &a to agiorov vnoXapfiavuv 
tov'Odvoowf t$ &if Sxtov* aXXa 8ia to povov py 
artpyvn<nr}v, ig ya&Xov. Kdl negl ph dwfioX^g w- 
aqadw *O0<ri/fa. 

CAPUT XVI. 

dirjytjoig 8* h piv toig irndtcxuxolg hmv ovx 
ioyt^g, iXXi xata pigog* du pi? yao tig itgaUig 

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174 ARIST0TEL1S 

dul&&r, £ & o logoff * ovyxtaw, yig txw o Xiyog, 
to fih, £*9X*°"' ovdh yig dXuog 6 Uym* j$>p 
noaSecw* to #, kt ryg ttfci^f* tovto o** ioxh, y 
ot* Arrt ft«t£«* iir y amoroy, ^ ort nolo*, q 
ou nioor, if xal aroryra. ^/*« 6« tovt frioz* ovx 
fyi&W fotduiyHO&a* nivxu, on dvaprripovHrto* to 
jkixvvvai ovrwg. m '£* piy ovp tovtow, ardguog • 4* 
di tavfo, aotpog, ij Smoctog. Kal anlovartgog o io- 
yog ovrog • ixiivog ds, nom&og, %*i ov hrog. AH di, 
tag fib yvwgipovg dpafufofyoxup * dio ol noXlol ov- 
div dioncu diriyri<j€tog % oioy, at &il$tg "jfytXHa incu- 
viiv Xattai yag iz&rttg tag ngalug* &Huzgqa&at 
enneiig $»*• 4av 6* Kgrifap, dti' ov yag aoJUot lao- 
aw. ** IVtJy & ytlolmg tyv dtyyyoh tpetQi tiur *7ra* 
%a%dap. JKmItoi Santg o %$ puxtorti 'dgopepq, 
9rov«ooy axlygap ? jtaXmx?jp(Hi£u, t/0°,Hjpij, sv adv- 

, pcrror; xal iprav&a opofog • tf«* yao. /ig paxQwg Biy- 
ytio&ai, Sxmtg ovds ,ngootiwx£ao&ai paxg&g, ovtfi 
t«s nlotug Xiyup * ovM yaa hrtavd-a lint to tv, ^ t£ 
Tff^v, 1} t$ avrtopwg, aiU« t« ptigfog * tovto d'- ArrJ, 
to JUyHy oaa ^Waet to ng&ypa,, y ova novfotiimo- 
lafolv ysyovirah ij fofiXaipiya* , ij rfitxyxhah^ $ tij- 

v l*xat/ra fjllxa fiovXw tw & ivanta tit fravxla. 
lZagadit)yno&ai 6m, oaa ug tip ey* agnypyigti* 
olov, 9 £ym d* hov&Hovp aU§ %a Sixma, liymy py %a 
thtva tyxaTokthtuv.^U &*jigov xaxiav * c O d< «»£- 
xgivaxo pot, on o$ av f f avrog, Ibrac aUa Tratd/a' 
o to*v? aqpurrctpirovg Alyvmioyg aitoxghraod'al iprjotr 
o 'Hg6dorog.*H oca ydia tdig iiuaotcug. *Anoloyov- 
piry di, ikdvtw n fowyotg. Al S* ifitptafititvam 

t s 

' Digitized by VjOOQ 



RHETORIC A. LIB. III. CAP. XVI. 175 

q py ytyoybai, y pq filafiegby $hat„ tj[ pi] afaxov, tf 
py TfjlucovTov ' wot* ntgl to bpoXoyovptvov ov $ia- 
rgtiniov, ict* pi\ t* sig ixuro avrtdvQ, oloy, tl jtf* 
ngaxrai, *l£ ovx adixov. "Ext nvigaypiva del X4- 
ftw, So a pij ngaxxoptva, y olxtoy, y dslyvoiv cpigsi, 
' Haoadttypa o'MmIvov anoloyog, on ngbg xijy 27«- 
vtkonrp h&yxovxa thttai nmoltixcu* Kal ig <PctvX- 
log rev xvxloy, xal b toxtj} Qivu ngoXoyog. 3 U&i- 
%t]V didu ttjv ditjyqoty ilrcti* "jRorcu ditovro, av 
udwfif* %l rj&og naui. Ey ph fiy, xb ngoalgsQiy 
dr}Xovy • noibv di xb ^d-og, tw noiay Tavrqv. € H di 
ngoalgtatg nota tm xiXu * dice xovxo ovx tyovoiv of 
pa&iipaxtxoi J*6yot %&ti, on oi&i ngoaigtaiv xb yag 
ov £?tx<g ovx Bxovaip * aU 1 oi 2wxgaxixol 9 ntgl %oi*~ 
ovzw fig Uyovaw. "Alia rj&ixa ra knoptva bta- 
my y&n* oloy, on Spa liyvr ifladfa • dqlol yog 
-frgaavTrjxa xal aygqixlav y&ovg* Kal pq ig anb 
dwvolag Xdyuv, Sontg oi vvv, aX£ tag anb ngoatgi- 
0£a>$. *Eyi> di i^ovlop^y, xah ngouXopqv yog iov- 
to ' aX£ fe* ptj JavrtyLrp, fiilnop * to piy yag q>govl- 
jpov xb di, aya&ov' qpgoyipov piy yag,iyx$.XQ 
&<piltpov dpt&xuy • aya&ov di, iv t$ xb xalby, dy 
d 3 amoxoy ij, tort xty aixlar iraliyuy wamg 2£o~ 
yoxlrfg noui nagadstypa, to U xyg 'Ayriyovm, <>** 
pfiXXoy xov adtkpov ixybrto, ij Mgbg, ij rixmv • t« 
piv yag ay ytvio&ai anolopwa ' 

Mi\tgbg & iv ifiov xpl nargbg fofaxottov, s 
OvxBor.adtlybg oorig ay pliarot ttoti. 
'Ear 6i pff sxfig alilav, all* ow oix ayyoitg anuria 
li/br, alia ariou roiovTog tl 9 amorovot yag aXXo u 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



±76 ARISTOTELIS 

ngdttup btoyxa, wl?jv %o ovfapdgop. ""&* & T <"' 
naxhuTixin Xtyw, dtfiyo&psyop nal xa btofupa, xal « 
tpaoi, xcri ta id/? rjavxq, *} ixtivtp nooaopxa • c O cS 3 
tyiero pa (tTtoftXiyag. Xal a? mo} KqatvXov ALo%i- 
vrjg, oxiduxoifop xal xa%p x*Q&v dtaudap' w^«kc 
yaf • dion aVfifioXa ylypnak xavxa a loamy, ixdvot* 
•>* ovx foaa*. Hkdaxa 6* xo'mvxa Xa(lu+i?0nr\QO~u 
ioxlv. 

-*Jlg ag* fq>ti, yfivg di uatiaxtto Ztgol ngiawtu • 
0% yog daxgvup agxoutpoi, imXappapopxai. xwjr 
Iqt&aXp&r* Kal tv&vg dodyay* atavxop nbtop xwa, 
tva £f xoiovxop &t&Q&0i xal xop apxidutoP* Xap&d— 
vm di noitim "Ott di fydtoy, opt? del 4x x&p anay- 
ytXXortup * n$gl w yag fi^dip topty, Sum laufiapo- 
pty vnolyfly xwa, HoXXaxov di dudifjytla&m, 
xal irioxt nal #V «$*,?• • t& di dtyiiiyogia fauna 
diyyjials ioxip, Sxi mgl tup utXXortay ovdde diqyu- 
tof aX£ dap mg ditjyrjGtg t;, tcw ytpofupw taxcu, 
tpa apafipiio&ime iMtirvip, (OXtiop (hvlwampxaintgl 
x&p vortgop, fj dtafidXlopxte, t) inaipovtms. JiXXa 
rjixt, ov xo xov ovpfioviov noiu tgyop* *4p £' ij 
Smoxop, inujxvuu&al xtuaiaUiav Xiyuv tv&vg, xal 
dikxatxup olg fiovlopxa$ * olov, y *toxaoxii fj Kagxl- 
pqv h t$ Oldinodi diet vmexvnrai, nvv&avopd-' 
wov xov ifjTovprog zhpvlop. Kal o JXptoP oJSoqpo- 
xXiovg. 

caput xvn. 

_ x Tag di nlaxug du anoduxxixae t&ai * Anodu- 
xpvpui di xgn> &*** ™& xttxagotp^afifpiofi^x^o^g, *«- 
gl xov ofttpiofifitovfiipov aigopxa xjp anodt&p' 



> y GooQle 



t 



RHETORICA. LIB. HI. CAP. XVII, 177 

^Kor," el on ov yiyoyty, ctpqpto/SijTtt, h tJ xglon &S 

^toi/iou ualtaxa xijy ariodnSiy attyny cl d' oxiovn 

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fiiXXoy • war Ac TOf ysyo/Uyay arayxti nagaddyuata 

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o&a*, ttxoxwg* dioxmtolxb pillow m ixu di n$olto 
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*E«* dipq exyg iy&vfitjuaxa, ^«rfr xaludllov t£ 

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Xftyiaxatp d* 
"AtXntov ov&i* ioxip, ov3' atuafioxop* 
Kal xop XaQtova xop xixxopa ip Tip iap/fy ov if atf*}, 

Ov pot xa rvyeu. 
Kal mg SotpoxXyg xop Alfiopa vnso xyg *Apxiy6pr t g 
nobq^xop naxiqa, <*? XtyovTO*/ Jxiqatp. . Ail di xal 
pnapaXlstP xa ip&vpqfiaxa, nal ypwpag noitlv ivio- 
ti * oIqp, JCqv, di jag duxlXayag noutv xovg vovp c/oy- 
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<*ot xal nX$opf*uxwxaxai al xaxaXXayal, tow xaxaX- 
Xdxx$o&ai, ivxvzovpxag dti xaxaXXaxtto&ag, - 
CAPUT XVIII. 
Utol di iovxijowg, tvxaioop Iot* noiuod-ah /*«- 
Xtata (Up, Stop xo htoop tlot)xv>g rj, mots brig TtQoa- 
tQWTf}&evTog t ovpflaipu xo axonop' olop HeqixXibg 
Aapniapa in^otxo mo\ xyg xtXxx^g xwp xijg 2<axtiQag 
U$&p m slnipxog di, oxi ovx oMpx* axiUoxop axovup, 
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oro; np; A*vxtoop i di, oxap xo fUp, qtaptobp $ • to di, 
iqtaxr^aavx* dijXop ij ox* dmou % mi&optpop yog S&xyp 
filar nqoxaoip, /uijf hqoobq<ox$p ti qtaptQOPj alXa xo 
9Vfinioaafia tlnnv • olop Smxoaxrig, Mditov ov <pa- 
axopxog avxop &eovg popi&tp, d'oi)KtP, d daipoviop 
x$ Xiyoi. 'OpoXoytjoanog di, JJqito, « ovx °* dalpo-* 
p^g, fltoi &ttop natdtg chp, ij &uov xi; (ptjoarxag di, 
Soup ovp, figpfy oaxtg Vttiy p& natdap oltxai thai, 



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RHETORIC A. LIB. HI. £AP. XVIII. 18L 

&ioig Si ov; *J£w, oxav piXXg fj ivavzia Xiyovxu 4W- 
tuv t % naoadotor. Thagxov de, oxav fifj ivtj , all* 
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aJtoxglr^xat, on I'trr* fisv t taxi d' ov'if 9 xa pir,xa o" 
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AttfTa ovoxgiynv dti> - Ifjroxofrao^a* 6i 6*«, ?i0of 
pivxit aftyifioXa, diatgovvxa loy<o 4 xal pi) ovrtopw ' - 
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yloao&ai • ov yitg xaXmbx ngoogfyx, (y xiyt o Xoyog. 
Gfareobv d' f}(uv Ibrco ix xSnr xontxw xal Toi/ro, xa) 
at ili/o**?. JCa« ovftrnga^ofuvov, iav igoixfjpa noty 
to ovfinigaafia, xqv aixiav nniiv • oloy ^oqpoxAiJf 
igwxoiptvog vnb Jleioavtioov, el i'doScy avjip, Sorng 
x«* tol$ SXXoig ngopovXoig, xaxaoxyomt xovg Tixga- 
xoolovg/eyrj, Titis, ov novfigi ootxavxaidoxuslvait 
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*<pij • ov yag i\v aXXa fiiXxia. Kal mg Aaxtav ti&v-. 
voptvog xi\g icpogtlag , iomtopsvog ti tioxovoiv avxif 
dtnaltof &noX<oXiva* Sxegok» tyy * o d$, Ovxovvaixai- 
xa xovxoig Z&ov; xal v>$ tyn, Ovmovv dixctlag ar/dyi], 
xal ov anoXoiot Ov drjja, i<pt) • oi (tiv yag xgvp*** 
Xapovxtg, xavxa &tga$tLv • iyw di, oi' iXXa yyi&p%. 
4 10 ovxt insgojxav 5u ft«« xo ov(xnigaoy.a, ovie to 
ovftniQaopa inegmt^P^ iav ftrj xb noXv nsgiji xov 
vXrj&ovg. JJtg* di xw ytXoi&v, inudii xiva doxuxQU* 
virtfrw h xoig AyuotyuaiduvJlipi rogyiag, xip pb 



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182 ' ARIST0TELI8 1 > 

anov&ijp 8ia<f>&ft$tiv toV ivarri&r y&mrn, tip &« y«- 
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&$ouottQOP m o fth yao aitov IVaeo notu xo /dolor' 
o 6i fiagioloxog, hioov. 

CAPUT MX. 
V) y tntkoyog ovyxntai ix xtxxaqw, ** xi. to* 
noog Utvxov xaxaoxwaoai tv xop axyoaxypf xal top 
iyartlop tpavXtag- xalix tow oi&J0<x* xo2 Tattwuaai • 
*al & tov ife to TTa^ij tor axgoaxifp ttataotfjocu • xa) 
& ay«/U7ifae»c Uiawn$ yao otra to OTrodttttti, av- 
xbpfup aXrj&rj, xop 9$ ivartior yrtvdq, ovna to fcrai- 
f«*y, xa* ipiynp, xal imzaXxcvsip. ^va?? di&ar&oov 
on cToxoita&at, r\ oti xovtoig aya&cg, ij Su anX&g * 
o $4 OTi xaxo? xovxoig, fj o u anX&g. '£$ aw Si drj 
xoiovutvg Karaffxsvd&iy du, tfqqitta* oi xonot, no— 
%}& anovdalovg del xataoxtva£up xal yavXovg. To 
SI (Ut& xovto, dt&uyftivwv ydy, av$up iatl xaxi qjv- 
aip, xal Tanttvovv bii yaq xa n&qay pivot ofioXoyu- 
c&at, d fiiXlii to itoobp iqslp • xal yaq r\ x&p aa>o a« 
xtor avtyoig, i* nqovnaqxorttap iatlp, ~0&$p ds d& 
at/Sety xal xanetvovp, sxxupxat ot xinoi nqoxtqop* 
Mtta oe xavta dfjXttv orttnv xal ola xal t)Xixaj tig to 
mx&ti ayttv tov ttKQOcnrjv xavta d* iatlp, tXtog, xal 
. fclrtobig, xal oqyii, xal fttaog, xal <p&6pog, xal tyXog, 
xal sqig • tiQtjvtat di xal xovttop oi xono* nvottqop. 
Zflaxt Xotnop, arafivrjoa* xa nqonqrifiipa* • Tovto &i 
afjioiTU iKowp oStM$,wo7t€o <paolr i* xotg itooo*- 



RHETORICA. LIB. III. CAP. XIX. 183 

pioig, oyx oo&wg Xiyorteg • iva yao tvfia&ii y,xtXtv- 
cvai noXXdxig *in&v. *JExu piv ovy dti to nqaypu 
tinny, iva firj Xav&dvy nql ov r\ xyioig- bnav&adi, 
di. my didiixrai, xnpaXaiwdiog. 9 Aqxv <M> <ho** o 
vniox*JO , aftidioSsv • ware a x«, x«* W 3, Xtxtioy. 
Aiytiai de i$ artmaqapoXr^g tov iyartiov. n<xqa- 
fiaXXtiv tie, ij oacr *r*f J to avxo a/tqm'tlnoy, q pi\ xttt 
imxov. 'AXX* ovtog ftiv Tadintgl tovxov lyq d& 9 
ta$l,xal dii %mna,*HiS ilg(ovuag t olqr f Ovtog yaq tad* 
ilnty, iy& fo Tadt. Kal, Tl ay inoiti, el tad* tfls*- 
Ztv, alia pfl'Tads,' *H ($ ^trjattog* Tl ov Sidttxrat; 
% ovxog %l ZdsiUy; *H 6r\ oviag, rj ix itaqapoXrig, if 
xorta (fvour, 6g iXix&t)* ofirw, Tin aviov' xal naXiy; 
Hay Povltj, zvfig ** tov ivanlov Xoyov. TiXtvxr] dk 
%*$ X£$tb>g aqpptxn ij Aovydexog, onwg inlXoyog, iXla 
§ifl Xoyog ji * ttyt}xa, axrixiaxi, $x**h xqlrait. 



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THB NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY 
RBFBRBNGB DBPARTMBNT 



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VOL. XIIL 

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FA 
J^QiororiXovc *&Cfi 

tragi HoiqrucrjG xai ^Ptjtoqixt) 



ARISTOTELIS 

DE POETICA LIBER 

ET 
RHETORICA AD ALEXANDRUM. 



AD 
OPTIMORUM LIBRORUM FIDEM 

ACCURATE EDITi. 



EMTIO 8TSRS0TY. 




LIPSIAE 

gUNTIBUl ET TTPIS CAR. * All CHNITII. 

18 31. 



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LIBRI DE ARTE POETICA 
ARGUMENTUM. 



Cap. 1. Snmmum artis in imitatione esse positnm. 
Primum demonstrat, quibus ea admlniculis cfnciatur 
^(v&ftuiy nal fiAtt, nal phgtp ). 2. Deinde, quotes cos 
amteutur vel depiugant poetae , quos sibi proposuerint 
depmgendos ; vel ut mefiores, vel ut Jales quales sunt, vel 
ut detcriores. 3. Denique, qua ratione fiat imitalio : vel 
narrando, ut in epopoea, yel ita, ut personae, quae depiu- 
guntur, Jpsae agant, uti in dramatibus. De comoediae 
dramatisque denoxninationnm oiigine* 4. De origine 
poeseos variorumque eius generum, imprimis tragoediae. 
5. De comoedia. Quibus different inter se epopoea et 
tragoedia. 6. Tragoediae definitio. Enumerantur ea, 
quibns ilia ntatur ad imitandum , • ut : ornatus scenicus, 
modi musici, dictio, actio, genius, mores. Sumraum ta- 
mcn esse in actione. 7. Cuiusmodi debeat actionis com- 
poiitio fieri. 8. De fabula. 9. Quid sit poetae munus, 
et quo ille differat ab historico. De peisonarum nomini- 
bus, de rebus vel fictis vel historicis. De fabulis episodi- 
cis. 10. De fabulis simpliribus et complicatis. H» De 
ktopinato casu (ntQtiUTtCq) et de agnitione. 12. De par- 
tibus tragoediae secundum quantitatemv de prologo, 
episodio, exodo, cborico etc. 13. De persona prineipe »n 
tragoedia. De imitate fabulae. 14. De terribili et mise- 
ratione. 15. Mores esse debere bonos, convenientes per* 
Arist. Post. 

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AgTrfA jy e necessitate 

mte r °L -rs£ iu to!tari de - 

<^">^f V- ^SSfe-tor. In com- 

KttK*%&£**~- ■ '?• De imi>li - 

i5*&** , \£« r '*^L *' tragoediae. De choro. 

&*•£#* '«£* f**"*0- 20- De dietione 

ct*°0in» %o> 'm De nominibns. De metaphoris, 

«"'ne '"5»»* llicalia quaedam. 22. De diction is 




eP fif 7p ae ' itX Qfi*^ SLm * quibus refutari possint crimina- 
^ f jj^jj P octas a,latac » 26. Demonstrat tragicam 
rtff ^ ^m ep* c * esse praestantioreto. 

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RHETORICAE AD ALEXANDRUM 
ARGUMENTUM. 



JBpistola ad Alexandrum agit da militate artis rheto- 

ricae. Gap. 1. Dc tribus orationum generibus : eoncto- 

nali , demonstrative , iudiciali. De suadendo ant dissua- 

dendo. De iusto, de lege, de utili $ de honesto, iuctmdo, 

facili, possibili, necessario. 2. De quibus rebus consul- 

tationesincivitatefiant: desacris, de legibua, de sUtu 

drili , de foederibus pactisque , de bellis aut pace, de re- 

ditibna. 3. De genere demonstrative , quod sit vel in 

' laudando vel vituperando. 4. De genere iudiciali, quod 

ait in aeensando et defendendo. 5. De genere ^«xaaT*xy, 

tamquam singular! quodam , quod yersetur in disquireu- 

dis repugnantibus. 6. De locis, qui omnibus generibus 

sint communes* 7. De probationibus seu argumentis, et 

primum de internis , ex rebus'ipsis petitis: de probabili ; 

8. de exemplis; 9. de coniectnris,quae fiant ex repugnan- 

tibua sibi in adversarii dictis 5 10* de entbymematibus, 

quae similia sint generi llsracrwxy (cap. 5.) ; 11. de sen- 

tenuis; 12. de signis; 13. de demonstrationibus. 14. Sc- 

quuntur probationes ab externis petitae : 15. testimonia ; 

16. quaestiones per tormenta ; 1/. iusiurandum. •— - , 18. 

De praeoccupatione , qua orator, auditorum iudicium 

praeveniens, obvias sibi difficultates removeat. 19. De 

poatulatia* 20. De iteratione seu avaxtqvAtuuoti. 21. 

De ironia. 22- D« elocutionis wbaniute , et prolixitata 

Digitized by GoOgk 



iv RflET. AD ALEXANDB. AHGUM. 

aut brevhate. 23. Defiguris nomiuum. 24. De inter* 
pretatione. 25. Quomodo dilucida fiat oratio. 26. De 
oppositis. 27. De compari. 28* De assimilatione. 29. 
De exordio. 30 — 31. De narratione. 32. De confirma- 
tione. 33» De refuiatione. 34* Adiunguutur quaedam 
de genere deliberatiyo et demoustrativo. Quae in fine 
adiiciuntur in edd. Aid. Ven. Camot. et Casanb., a verbis 
T«q 6k &voCaq etc. aliena aunt ab boc loco, et maximam 
partem consnta tx superioribus. — Geterum boc rheto- 
ricae artis compendium , ( quod quantum et rebus et d»- 
ctione et sententiis ab genuina quae extat , rbetorica dis- 
crepet r cuique facile perspicitur,) falso tribui Aiistoteli- 
dubium non est. Anaximeni Lampsaceno, a equal i item 
Alexandrt et magistro* ut ante iam Victorias, iu et Buh- 
lias recte, ut videtur tribuit (cf. Praef. p.VII.) propter lo- 
cum Quintiliani III, 4, 9. collajum cum bums rbetoricae 
cap. I. initio: Tqta fity u. %. L 



, y Google 



ARISTOTELIS 
DE 

P E T I C A. 



CAPUT I. 

lltol noiririxTJg avxyg xs xal xSw tldtiv avxr^g, q* 

nva ovvctfuv sxaaxov l/«, xal nag dsl ovvioxao&ai 

xovg pv&ovg, d fiiXXsi xaXwg i$hy rj notyoig * «t* di 

ix Tioawv xal nolav ioxl ftogltov • o (tolas ds xal tisq} 

x&v aXXmv oaa xr\g avxr^g ioxi p*&6dov,Xsyv>iitv,ag- 

Sapsvoi xaxa yvaiv ngmov anb xlav ngtaxtav* 'Eno- 

noita drj xal ^ xijg xgaytadiag noirjaig, It* ds xwfjtg- 

diet xal 17 didvgcttiponoiTjTixr} , xal trig avXtjuxrjg i) 

nXsiarrj xal xi&agiaxixrig , naoai xvyxavovaiv ovaac 

fiifiriaug xb avvoXov • diacpsgovoi ds aXXijXwv xqioiv • 

rj yag tw yivst kxsgoig pipsio&ai , rj t$ sxsga, n t$ 

Mgag xal firj xbv ayxbv xgonov. "Slonsg yag *<*l 

XQtbpaai xal oxvpaoi noXXa (iipovvxal xwsg aneixa- 

$ovreq,(oi fisy dia xsxvrjg, olds dta ovvri&tiag f )t**Q oh 

ds rji q>o)vrj - ovxa xav xaig sigr^ivaig xsxraig anaoai 

fUr noiovyxai xr\v (ilpriotv & gv&n$ xal Xoyyxai «o- 

tiovia • xovxoig ds i] *wj*s, V f*V**/f*Aw- °' ?> "*"" 

Ailist. de Poet. " A 

Digitized by COOgle 



2 \ ARISTOTELIS 

fiovia psv xal §v&)iio XQCtpsyai pwov ij t« flrvAqTfxij 
xal fj xi&aQioxixii , xay sV tivsg ixsgai xvyxavovaiv ^ 
ova at, xoiavxai tyv dvvapiv • olov t q twv avgiyytav* 
AvTta ds x» §v&[i(p pifisixai, %(oqis agpoviag, »j *«* 
oQXVOtwt'x^yvQ ovTOtdiit»vax^(Mjtfi[ofiipwv §v- 
xtpiav pipovvxat, xal %&ri xal Tta&ri xal nga^tig. C J£ 
ds inonoua, pQvov xoig Xoyoig ydolg, $ xoig psxqoig • 
xal xovxoig si'xs piyvvou psx \aXfyXwv , $i'& 9 kvi xwk 
yhtu x.Q&pbn x&v psxgtay xyyxavovoa pixQi *ov vvv* 
Ovdiv yag av e'xoifisv ovopaoai xoivbv xovg Swpqo- 
vog xal Zsvagxov ptpovg, xal xovg 2?(oxgaxixovg X6- 
yovg * ovdi sl'xtg dijx xgipsxQarrj iXsysiav ^ xav aXXtov 
tiv&v xoiovx&vnotoixo xijv pip^oiv, nXtjvol Sv&gto7t'ol 
ys, ovyaitxovxsg tw psxqw xo nomv, tovg psv iXsyo- 
Ttoioirg, tevg ds inojieiovg ovofie&ovaiv, evx wg vara 
trjv fiifirjGiv TiGirjtctg, allot xoivr t xaxa to psxgov ttqoo- 
ayogsvovxsg. Kal yaq, av iaxqtxov % yvoixo* xi diet 
t&v pixgoav ixcpegwoLV , ovxa xaXiiv HM&aatv. Ov- 
dh ds xotvov ioxtv 'Opygio xal 'EpizedoxXsi r nXjiv to 
psxQOV* At o xov pev ngHfjxijv dixatov xaXsiv ,. top 
ds q>voioX6yov paXXov, jg noir\x%v. 'Opottog dsxav sf 
tig Snavxa xa psxga piyvvav > noiotxo xrp piptjoir, 
xa&ansq Xatgtjpwv enolvjas Ksvxavgw, pixxrp $«- 
ywdlav & anavxwv t«k psxg&v, ovx rjdrixal noirjxrjy 
ngooayogsvxsov. Jlsgl psv ovv xovxav diwgij&o) 
tovxov xov xgonoy. Eiol di xivsg, at naai xqwvto* 
xoig HQTjfjiiyoig- Xiyta de, olov, QV&pw xal (idle* 
XCU /***)? V »ow«o ij xb twv di&VQ(Xfij3(t)y 7i6iri<HS, 
xa* y Twy vofioiv, xalij xs xqaytadia xal y xwfjuadt*. 
Jiayiqovoi o^, Sn al piv Spa namv, at ds xaxa pi- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



depoetica.cap.il 3 

gog. Tavxag fih ew Xiym tig dwyogig tip it- 

Zvw, & olg noievvxai xi)v fiffifjaty. 

^ CAPUT IK 

3 £nBt b*i pipovyxai ol lu/jtovptyot ngaxxoyxag, 

ivayxrj ds wuxovg i5 anovdafovg rj cpocvXovg tlyai • 

(xa yitg Z&r\ oxtdbr act xovxoig axoXov&tl povoig • 

xaxictyagxal agriy xa jj#ij diayigovoi nantg^ijtoi 

(leXxiovag i} xa& ^*«ff> % X^Qoyag, % xal xviovxovg 

iviyxf} fiifxsla^at^ &on*Q> ol ygagxlg, HoXvyvu* 

xog [i£v xgrfxxovg r Jlavaoay d? /e/jpov? , /tievvmog di 

ofieiovg ttxafr. Jr\Xov &, St* xal xwv Xtx&tio&y 

ixdoxi] pinyoswv i$et xavxag tag diatpogdg" xal lorcu 

kiiga rat txzga fii/irjuaa^ai xovxov toy xgonoy. Kal 

ya% iv ogzyoti xal avXrjoek xa» xt&agiati, taxi ytvi- 

a&ai xavrag Tag avopokox%xaq * xalnsgl xovgXoyovg 

8e xaixyv yjiXofiBxglayolov^Ofirigog f*6V ptXxlovg,KXto* 

<pwv Si oyLoiovg^Hyf^itav £e£6 &auwg,]o xag notgca- _ 

diag- iton'iuag ngiaxog, xal Nixoxagt}g,* *qy JrjXiada, 

ZiLgovg. c QfiOiO}g de xal mgl xovg di&vgdppovg xal 

xovg- yopov?, wg Iltgoag xaiKvxXomag Tipo&tog xal 

toiXofevoQ, pifiriocuTo ay xig. *Ey xy avxjj 5i diaq>o- 

ga xal rj xgayojdia ngog xi\v xa(i(adlav biiaxr^xtv. '/I 

fiiy yaQ zdgovg, ^ $8 (tiXxlovg pipeia&at fiovXtxai - 

my vvv. 

CAPUT IIL 
1st* &e xovxay xglx% diacpoga, xx>, Ag txaara tow- 
twv pifirloaiXQ av t*£. Kal ydg iv xdig avxoig xal 
xa avxa fiifisiadat toxiv, bxe piv anayyiXXovxa ,^( >t\ 
it t gov xi yiyyojitvov, &<msg "Oprigog wow* • ij wg 
roy avxby, xal ^ ptxapaXXoyia-yn™*™* V s 7T ^ X " 

DiJ^edr y Google 



4 ARI^TOTEMS 

tovtag xal begyovvtag tovg fiifiovpivovg, *Ev tgut) 
dy tavtaig diaqtogalg f) fitfitjoig toTiv , ag tinofitv 
xa-i dgxdg ' iv oig xs, xal a, xal ag. "Stars tjJ pkv 
6 avtog av tl'tj pniriTr\g 'Ofiygn 2oq>ox%r t g • (upovv- 
t«* yag «/iqpo> onovdalovg • rjj dk*Agiotoq>dvH ' ngat- 
tovtag yag fiifiovvtat xaldgavrag &ft<p(n. c '0&ev xoti dgd~ 
fxaxa xaXuo&ai tivsg avtd cpaoiv , oti (iifiovvtai 
Sgwvxag. Aio xal avxinoiovvxai tx\g ts t gay cod lag 
xal xrjg x(a(i(t>dlag ol Atagiiig* rr^g fib xtofi^diag ol 
,Meyagtig t (6i ts ivtav&a, ag inl xyg nag avxolg tfij-^ . 
fioxgaxiag ysvofiivrjg, xal oi ix 2ixtXiag • ixei&ev yag 
*\v Enixagfiog o noirjxiig, noXXco ixgoxegog eSv X*wW- 
dov xal MayvTjTog *)xat trig tgayqtdiag evioi twv iv 
HsXonovvyoqi • noiovfisvoi xd ovofiaxa ar^iuov. Ou- 
loi ph ydg xtofiag tag mgibixldag xaliiv tpctoiv 
AdyvaXoi $s dtjjiovg'atg xo)(x(odoi>g ovx ano tov 
xfofidiuv Xsx&ivTag, a XX a xjj xaia xwfiag nXdvtj aTt- 
fia&fibovg ix tov adxtiag • xal xo txoiuv avxol juiv 
tiguv, ^A^vaiovg ds ngdttsiv ngooayogsveiv^ 
ITsgl fib ovv xStv diatpogpv xal noaai xal tivsg rr^g 
uififjoefog, eigno&ia tavxa, 

CAPUT IV. , 
*Eolxaoi, ds ysvvTJoai fdv oXwg tr\v novrpixiiv al- 
t/at dvo wig, xal avxat cpvaixah to ts yag fiiuffi- 
a&at, avfiqtvxov xdlg av&gotnoig ix naldav ioxl , (xal 
Tovrcp diacpdgovoi rwv aXXcov £aW , oxi fiifiyTixcHToc— 
' tov &rri • xal rag fia&rjosig nomxai did fu/i^crecag 
lagngwTttg •) nap to %aiguv tolg fiifii\fiam nivxaq. 
Sypiiov ds tovxov to ovftpaivov inl rav sgyay. ^ 
yag avxa XvnrigSig ogwuw, royxcoy tag (ixovacg xug 

~ Digitized by GoOgle 



DE POETICA CAP. IV. * 

Ito&una rptQipcofisvag xafyofitv &e<0Q0ww olw^ij-. 

giw xs fiogaidg x(av dxi/ioxdxw, xalvsxgwv. Atxiov 

di xal xovxov, on to fwtv&avw ov (lovorxoTgqptXooo- 

<poig ydtoxoy, dXXd xal xdig aXXoig opoiwg • aX£ inl 

Pqi*XV xowwvovoiv avxov. did ydg xovxo xalqovatxdq 

uxovag ogawtsg, oxt ovfi^aivu dwgovyxag fiav&d^ 

vuv xalovXXoyi&o&at, xl. txaoxov citov , on oviog 

ixtivog. *&ntl idv py xvxjl ngotrngaxag , ovx, if 

fi/firjfAtXfitoiTJou xrjv rfiovr\v t dXXd did jtjv dntgyaolccy, 

V lyy ZQOWiv , ij did xoiavxrjv xtifd uXXyv aixlav. 

Kara cpvaiv tie ovxog rjfuv xov pmuodai, xal f j}$ 

agpovlag, xal xov gv&(iov • (ret ydg" fiixga oxt (io~ 

qia xay gv&juojy ioxi, q>avcgov •) i$ dgxyg oi mq>v- 

toxtg 7i go g avid ftdXtoxa, xaxd fiixgoy ngodyontg 

iybfvr\oav xrjv nolrjoiv ix t&v avxoox^iaofidxtay: 

duondo&ri Si x«Ta xd olxua rj&ri i\ nolrjoig, 01 

piy ydg otfiyoxsgot tag xaXdg ifitfiovyxo 7tgd$ng, xal 

tag xStyxotovxtav \xvxoig^\ oi dk#vxtXiGXtgoijXag x£v 

yavXwv, ng&xov yjoyovg noiovvxtg , wontg hegot 

vpyovg xaliyxapia. Twy piv ovyngo'Cfitigov ovbtvbg 

iZOfisv tlnuv xoiovxoy noir\\ia • tlxog ds uvat noX- 

lovg. idnb ds 'Ofitjoov agSapivoig toxiv • oloy, ixtl- 

vov o Magyixrig, xal xd xotavxa • iy oXg xal xb ao- 

fioxxov iccufiuov r t X&s fiixgoy. dtb xal lafifluov xa- 

luxcu vvy, oxt iy T(J> {ihgw xovxa idftfli£ov dXXrjXovg. 

Kal iyivovxo xtov naXamv , oi fiiv fjgmx&y, oi di 

Idftficov noiTixai. "Jloneg ds xa* xa onovdata /"«*'* 

axa 7toirjx7ig t 'OfiTjgog i\v • (jiovog ydg, ovx oxt sv,aX^ 

oxt xal fitprqoetg dgapaxtxag inoir^atv^ovx^ xa* xot 

iriS xoJ^Kodia^ oxypaxa no&xog vnidsttw, ov yoyov, 

Digitized by GoOgle ' 



6 ARISTOTELIS 

4xlXa to ytXolov dgaftaTonoitjoag. *0 yag Magyi- 
%r\q aviXoyov *x u * ^onBg^lXiaig xal *Odvoaua ngbg Tag 
toayqtdiag, ovno xal ovtog ngbg tag xcofiojdlag* Ila- 
Qcapctvetorjgdi Tqgtgotyqtdlag xal x<ofitgdlag,ol i<p exa- 
tegocy ty\v noh\ai.v OQjioivxtg xaza %\\v olxiiav cpvaiv, oi 
ftsv otvxl TwvioijiPwv+xtoficaSoTioioliysvovTo* oi deavrl 
zcoyinmv, TgaytododiSdoxaXoi, fka TOfiei£(o xal ivrtfaf- 
ttga za axw aTa *^«* Tavta 4xeiv(ov+ To ftsv ovv 
imgxoTuiv, d aga %x u ^V V *oay($bia Totg tldeotv 
Ixavag, i\ 4>v, ovto te xa& avTaxgivofisvov, xal ngbg 
ia &iaTga r aXXog Xiyog* rsvopiprj ovv an agx^g 
avTOoxtihctOTixii xal avrrj xal fj xfOfiydla, r\ per anb 
iwy i&Qxovtfov top d*d-vgaji(iov , tj de into t&v t& 
qwXXixa, S %ti xal vvv h noXXatg tmv noXetov diapi- 
"vu v-oiii&fieva , xaTa pixobp ??vt»]#ij , ngoaybvrtav 
oaov iyivsTO yavfgbv aitqg. Kal noXXag (ASTafioXag 
u€Ta@aXovoa ^ TQaycpdia inavoaTO, inel sox e %r \ v 
lavTiqg <pvaiv. Kctiro tb t&v vtioxqitmv nXyd-og i$ 
ivbg tig dvo ng&Tog AioxvXog yyays, xal t« to% x°~ 
gov / t]XaxT(aa€y xal tov Xoyov 7igaTay(aviOTfjv nagt- 
oxsvaor tgstg di xal oxyvoygaiptav, JZoxpoxXyg. Eti 
$s to p&ytd-og ix fiixguv fiv&av xal Xihcog ysXolag, 
dia.ib ix o-arvgixov iisra/SaXctv , cups ansosfivwd-ri • 
to tb phgov ix TtrgafiiToov iap/Mov iyivtTo. To 
fxep yag ngwjov reTgafihgco ixgavTO,dia to oarvgix^v 
xal ogxyoTixatTigav uvat, ti\v noirjoiv. Ai&wg b*k 
ysyofiivrjg, aitr] r t <pvaig to olxuov fihgovevge. Ma- 
Xiotu yag Xexnxbv t&v (ihgw to lotfifiuov ion. 2i\- 
fiteioy ds tovtov * nXiioTa yag iafijSsTa Xiyofisv iv tjj 
oicdixTto tjj ngbg cdXtjXovg • kSapfjga di ikiyaxtg, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



DE POETICA- CAP. V. 7 

xal ixfiairovtsg TT}gXextixr)g agfiovlag. *Eti 8* inaa- 
cdlwv nXriS-tj, xal ta aXXa wg fxaora xoojiq&q- 
vat Xiyttai. Jlsql pb ovv tovtuv toaavta tart) fifiv 
tlorjfiba. UoXvyaq avi'aag tyyov dq,8u£ibcu xa&\ 

SKOLOTOV* 

CAPUT V. 

*H 8i xwfMpdlot iatlv, wjnto ttnojiw, pipyoig qxxv- 
ZoTegcoy fib, ov pivtoi xati naaotv naxlav • alXct toy 
aloxQov* jqv ian to yfXoiov pogiov. To yaq ytXolov 
ioriv apaQxryiarixai, aloxos avu8wov, xal oi y&aq- 
TtxoV ' olov, ev&vg ib yeXoZov ngooane* , aioxQov th 
xal dttaTQupjiivov ixttv b8vvrig, Al fib ovv trjg 
%q ay tod lag (itTafidasig, xal oV cw iyivovta, ov Xtlrj- 
&aaiv * fj 8i xfDfMpdia, 8ut to fit) onov8o£so&tu 4$ «^»- 
ZW, tXa&t. Kal yctg zogbv xwpqdtov oipi nott b 
agXtov zdcoxev, aX£ i&eXovtal yoav. "Hdrj 8i ffjwp f*« 
tcc tiva aixrig tyovorig, oXiyoi fib oi avirig noiytal 
iiyrjfiovevovzai, • tig di noootana amSuxev, »jf 7rooJio- 
yovg, aj nXy&i} vftoxoixtav, xal oaa toiavta, rjyvori* 
tau Tov 8s pv&ovg nouw, 3 Eni%aofiog xal 4>CQ/*ig 
tj()£av. To fib ovv il aqx^g i* 2ixfliag r\l&i. 7\5v 
8b Id&fjvjjoi, Koarrjg nqmvog yo&v , afpijiwog tijg 
lapflucijg^ iddag , xa&bXov noulv Xoyovg ij pv&ovg* 
H jib ovv htonoua tij ToayajSty , ^XQ L pbiiov pi- 
TQQv xal Xoyov, fiifiijoig tlvai onov8aUav ijxoXoV'd'fios • 
tw di to p&iQOV anXovv l'x$iv,xal anayysXiav sivai,tav^ 
tfjg 8ia<pigii, v Eu 8i t$ fiqxu • r\ fib yaq oxipaXmia 
Ttugatai vnb fiiav ntqio8ov yXiov thai, V [H>*QOV l$- 
aXXatteiv r\ 8i (nonoua , abgioxog t^ XQ° y< &* ** 1 
Tovicp diatpigu. Kaitoi to nomtov bpoiwg iv taig 

Digitized by GoOgle 



8 ARISTOTELIS 

TQctyudtoug xovxo i/toiovv, xal iv xolg entai* Msgij 
ds ioxh xa pev xavxd, xdrde I'dia xyg t gay (ad lag. dio- 
ntg, ooxig negl xgaywdiag olds onovdaiag xal <pav- 
Irjg, olds xal negl in&v. *A pev yag inonotfa %xu f 
vndqx u T V tgaycodla * a de avxrj, ov ndvxa iv xfj 
inonoCta* 

CAPUT VI. 
Ilegl pev ovv xrfg iv QapexQoig piptjxixrjg, xal negl 
xtoptpdlag, voxtgov igovpev. Ilegl de xgayydtag Ae- 
ytopev, anoXaftovxeg avxrjg ix xav tlgrjpevttvxovywo- 
pevov ogov xqg ovolag. "Eoxiv ovv xgotyotdla /u/- 
prjoig Ttgd&wg anovdalag xal xtXelag, peyt&og ixov* 
afjg' Tjdvofidvw Xoya, x^Qig bcdoxta xwv eldwv iv xo7g 
pogloig* dgtavxav , xul ov df dnayyeXlag* di iXeov 
, xal q>6@ov negalvovoa xw xStv xotovxtav Tta&rjpdxmv 
xd&agoiv. uieyoa de i^dva pevov pev Xoyovxbv 
\xovxa Qv&fibv xal agpoviav xal piXog, To de x »- 
gig kxaoTco x&v eldtav, xodid pexgtov evia povov 
ntgalveo&ai, xalndXivextga dii piXovg* 3 Enel de 
Ttgdxxovxeg noiovvxai xr\v pipnavr, ngwxov pev i!i 
avdyxris av el'rj xi pogiov xgaytodiag 6 xyg oipeag xo- 
cpog* elxa peXonotia xal Xe$ig. *Ev xovxoig yag 
noiovvxai xip piptjoiv, Aeyu* de XeStv pev avxtivxyv 
x&r pexgav ovvd-eotv peXonouav de , o xijv dvvapiv 
tpavsgdv I'xti naoav. *Enel de ngd&fog itjxi plpr}Oig, • 
ngatxexat de vno xtvwv ngaxxovxtav , ovg <avdyxi\ 
noiovg xivag etvai, xaxa xe xo y&og xal xrjv didvoiav • 
(diet yag xovxtov xai xag ngd$etg elval (paper noidg 
T«»ac •) nicpvxsv altia dvo x&v ngd$mv tlvai, dtdvoia 
xa* tj&og. Kal xaxa tavxa xal xvyxdvovot xalano- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



DE POETIC A. CAP. VI. 9 

wyxivovoi ndvteg. Eqn di trig piy nquStmg o j*5- 
&og fiipyutg * (Xeyta ydq fiv&ov tovto , Tijy ovv&saiv 
tZv ngayiMXTw) td de rj&y, **& a noioig tivag iT- 
vai q> afiev to vg nqdxxovxag * didvoia de, 4v oooig Xi- 
yovxt-g dnodeixvvovoi xi, 17 xal unoyaivdvtai yv<opr\v m 
Idvdyxrj ovv ndorjg xgayadiag (Aeqrj tlvai IJ , xa& a . 
ti oid tig ioxiv i\ xqayGldia. Tavxa d' ioxl, pv&og, I 
xal ri&ri, xal Xe^ig , xal diavoia, xal oiftig , xal l 
fislonoii'a. Oig [iiv ydq pipovvtai, Svo piqri ioxiv • 
«S de fujiovvtai, iv a de /Aiftovvxai, xqia * xal na- 
gd tavta ovdiv, Tovxoig (lev ovv ovx oliyoi av- 
xwv, wg einelv, xixquvxai xolg ti'dsai. JCal ydq oytiv 
l^a nay, xal i}&og t xal fiv&ovy *«* Xe£iv , xal piXog, 
xal didvoiav woavtwg. Miyioxov de xovxwv ioxlv rj 
twv nqayfidxav ovotaoig. * H yaq xqayydla fiipq- 
oig ioxiv ovx av&gwTuor, aXXa nqdlewv, xal (iiov, xal 
lidaipovlag xal xaxodatfioviag. Kal ydq rj svda$» 
fiovla xali\ xaxodaipovia iv nqaZu iati * xal to xiXog 
nqa&g tig iotiv, oi noiotrjg. Elal 8s xaid fiev td fi&rj 
noioitiveg-xaxd de xdg7iqd$Hg,evdaifitoveg, ij xovvavxl- 
ov. Ovx ovvonwgxd ij&rj gii(i7Ja<avxai,Jtqdxxov<JtvaX- 
Xa ta *J#ij ovpneqdaiipdvovaidia xdgnqd&ig* fare ta 
nqdy[Aata xal b pv&og tiXog tt»s tqayqdiag • to ds 
tiXog piyiotov dndvuov iativ. y 'Eu avtv pev nqdUtog 
ovx ay yevotxo xqaytodia' avtv de y&iav , fivoix av. 
Ai ydq xwv vimy tuv nXeiottav drj&eig xqayydiai tU 
oi* xal oXatg Ttoirjtal noXXol xoiovxoi* olov noil tav 
yqaq>£(ov Ztv&g nqbg JloXvyvwxov ninov&ev. C Q fit* 
yaq JloXvyvattog dya&bg r\&oyqdq>og • h 3« Zevhbog 
yqayq ovdiv *x u fa°$* *'&" *" v ^ *9*Snc &V & a£l * 

^Digitized by GoOgle 



10 ARISTOTELIS 

t)&ucdg, xal X4$eig xal Siavoiag sv mnoiyfiepag , oi 
noi7 t oei o rjv xf)g xgayadiag tgyov allot noXv pdXXov 
t) xaxadseexdgotg xovxoig xszgi}fisvtj xgayatdia, e/ovGa 
ds fAvd-ov xal ovoxaaw ngaypdxwv. Ilgbg ds xov- 
xoig rd fiiyiaxa olg ifntxaywyei % xgaywdla, xov fiv- 
&ov pigr] iaxlv , all re nsginixsuxi xal dvuyvtagiosig* 
, v Exi orjftsiov, vxi xal ol iy/sigovvxsg noisiv, ngoxtgov 
dvvavxai xfj Xi^si xal xoig rj&soev axgifioiv, tj xi 
nqaypaxa ovvloxaa&ai • olov xal ol ng&xoi noirjxal 
o/sdbv anavxsg. 3 Agxr) ^ v ovv * a * ^ ov ty v xh o fit* 
&og xr\g xgaycadlag. Asvxsgov ds xd r)&rj. Ilaga- 
71X7)0 iov ydg ioxi xal inl xr)g ygacpixiqg* si ydg xi$ 
ivalhtysie xoig xaXXioxoig yagfiaxoig xvtiqvt ovx ay 
bjxoiwg svtpgdvsie, xal Xsvxoyga<p7}a ag slxbva. Eatt 
xt Hlprioig ngdUwg, xal diaxavxi}v paXioxaxwv ngort- 
xovxtov. Tglxov dk 7) didvoia. Tovxo di ioxi xb Xi- 
yttv dvpao&cu xa ivovxa xal xa dg^oxxovxa" OTteg 
inl xwv Xoyar xyg noXixiX7]gjtal$7)xogiX7]g igyov ioviv+ 
Ol fih ydg agxaloi noXtxixag inoiovv Xiyovxag* 61 
ds vvv, gyxogixtag, "Eoxi ds y&og (ih xb xotovxov , q 
drjlol xt)v ngoaigsaiv bnoia xig, u ngoaigsixai t) (pev- 
yn. Aiortsg ovx txovoiv y&og evioi xwy Xoyav , i$> 
olg fi7]d i oX<ag iaxlv, S, xt ngoaigsixai i) ysvysi 6 Xiyoav^ 
AidvQia ds, iv olg dnodsixvvovol xt w? soxiv , v\ c5$ 
ovx i'oxip, 7} xa&oXov xi anoyaivovxai* Tsxagxov di y 
xwv fiiv Xbyoav 1) Xi^ig. Aiyto ds, (#onsg ngoxegov 
ti'grjxai, Xs$iv slvai xr)v did xr)g ovo^aoiag sgprjveiar. 
O xal inl xwp ijifiixgav xal inl ray Xoyav t#et tijv 
avxriv dvvapiv. Twv 8s XoinCtv xb nifinxov , rj pslo- 
nofia, piyioxov xwv ^Sutf/uaxwy. C JI ds otfig, V v Jf«- 

Digitized by GoOgle" 



DE POETICATCAP. VII 11 

ytayvxov fib, artxvotatop di, xal fauna olxifov xqg 
noiriTtxiyg. '& yag xr}g xgaytpdiag dvvaptg xal av*v 
ayStvog xal vnoxgvx&v iaxiv. **Exi b*e xvgiwxiga nt- 
gl %r\v anegyaaiav xwy oytsw jj tov axsvoitiHOV xixvr\ 
tt& wy non\x^y iaxu 

CAPUT VII. 
Auaqioy&vwv ds xovxtav, Xeytafiev jitxit xavxa, wo/- 
ar xiva del xv\v ovoxaoiv elvai xmv ngay/idxav, inu- 
dfj tovxo xal ngwrov xal jieyioxov xi\g xgaywdiag 
iaxU Kelxai d' i\piv, xr k v xgayqdiap xeXelag xal 
oXijg ngale&g elvai jiljirjow, ixovarjg upiys&og. "Eaxi 
yag <)Xov xal firjdbv exov fiiye&og. "OXov 8i iatt, 
to %x ov <*QXV V *«* pioov xal xeXsvx^r. 'Agxh &i 
ivxiv, o avxo fiev i$ avdyxygjiri fiexd aXXo iaxl* fitr 
ixslvo d* exegov niyvxev elvai % ylvsad-ai. TtXevxrj 
Si xovvavxiov, o avxo fiex aXXo neqtvxtv elvai, jj i£ 
avdyxrig, rj ag imxonoXv • fiexd 8i xovxo aXXo ovdiy. 
Meaov de,'o xal avxo fiexddXXo, xal fiex ixslvo exegov. 
Ail aga xovg ovveoxiaxag ev fiv&ovg, fir^-ff ano&ev 
ezvxev agxso&ai, pyd-' wxov exvx* xsXevxav • dXXa 
xtxgyo&ai xcttg eigqiievaig Idiaig. "Exi de 4ml xo 
xaXbv xal £a>oy xal anav Ttgaypa ovvioxr}xsv he t*- 
viav, ov fiovov xavxa xexaypsva del exuv, aXXct xal 
fiiye&og vndgxeiv fi*l xo xv%bv+ To yag xaXbv, iv 
fieyedei xal xdlei iaxi. Aib ovxs nap\i,ixgov av xi 
yevoixo xaXbv Qaov* ovyyuxat yag i\ &ewgla iyyvg 
xov dvaia&^xov xgovov yiyvopivii • ovxs nafifiiye^sg' 
ov yag apa i} &ewgia yif&exai, aX% ofysxai xolg #f«- 
govoi xb IV xctl to bXov ex xi\g xteagiag' olov, el fiv- 
giwv oxaditov eiy JaJoy. "fiats b*si> xa&dneg inl x&v 

Digitized by GoOgle 



12 ARISTOTELIS 

aw/iatwv xalinl tuv fwwy !#*«> /icy ptyi&og, tovxo 
8e eiovvontov tlvai* ovtto xal inl twv (iv&av sxstv 
fih (Jtyxog, tovto 8 tvfivrifiovtVToy dvai* Tov 8i 
(i^xovg ogog, ngbg (ih toig aywvag; xal Tipr al'o&ri- 
atv f ov t?}$ tixvrjg ioTiv. JEl yag s8si btatbv iqa- 
yqSlag aywi&o&ai, ngbg xXeifrvSgav uv yyaviZovto, 
woJiBQ not aXXoxt xal olXXqte qpaoiv. '0 8i xax 
axnrivT7iv<pvaivT0V7tgayfiatog ogog,atl ph b (iu£<ov, 
fi^xgi tov ovvdyXog tlval, xaXXiap iarl xaia to piys- 
&og * a>g 81 anXwg 8iogiaavxag un&p , iv oow peyi- 
&ei xctra to tixbg rj.to avayxdiov iqps^rjg ytypofiivmy, 
avfiftalvsi elg evtvxlap ix 8vorvxiag , y «*| svtvxlag 
Big d v at vxitxp ti£*ctft aXXeiv , Ixavbg ogog foil tov /*€- 
. ye&ovg. 

CAPUT VIII, 
Mv&og 8* ioxlv tig , ovx > momo Tivkg oI'ovtoii, 
iav ntgl tva £. JToXXa yag xal anuga tm y kvl 
ovpfiaivei* i£ <hv hi&v ov8iv iotip iv. Ovx<a 8k xa\ 
ngalug hog noXXal uoiv, i$ dtp fiia ovdtftla.ylviTai 
nga&g. Aib navTtg iolxaoiv ajiagiavuv , oaot Tap 
noiriTwv c HgaxXr)'L'8a, xal Orjorfffia , xal to TOiayxa 
noirjpaTa mnoiyxaaiy. OXovrai yag, intl 9 tlg rp> o 
'HgaxXrig, i'va xal top juv&op slyat ngoorjxttv. *0 8e 
"Oprigog, wontg xal t« aXXa Siaqpigsi, xal tovt eoixe 
xaX&g Idstv, iJTOt 8ia Tsxptjv ij diet qpvaip. *08voobuxp 
yag noitbv, ovx iTtoirjoty an ay t a baa avTco avvifiy 
olov nXriyrpai fih ivTf* Hagyaooq*, fiavrivaiSsngoa- 
noirjaao&ai eV t<m ayeg/tqt^ <»v ^ov8iv d-arigovytvo- 
fiivdv nvayxalov r\v *j slxbg doits gov ysvio&ai • aXXa 
nsgl plot? ngahv, oXav Xdyoptv, Tip 'Odvoouav afjri- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



DE POETICA. CAP. IX. 13 

cxrjczv • ofiotog Si xal xriv'lXiada. Xgij ovv , *a- 
&ocneg 4r xalg aXXaig fUfifixtxalg t) pia fiipqoig hog 
iaxiy, ovro) xal xby (iv&ov, bttl ngaUfog piprjoig ioxt, 
fiiag re chat, xal xavxijg oXrjg, xal xa /nigrj ovytoxa- 
vai xmy ngayuaxw ovxvg, *>oxt ptxaxi&tpiyov xivbg 
pigovg, % aq>aiQOvp£yov , touupigtodai xal xivtio&ai 
to oXov. "O yag, ngoaby ij ftrj ngoaby , firjdiy noiu 
inidqXoy, ovdi fiogioy xov Slov iaxL 
CAPUT re. 

4>avtQQV de ix xmy eigrjfiiytay, xal oxi ov to xa 
ytyoptya Xiynv, xovxo noirixov tgyoy daily, aX£ ola 
av yivoixo xal xa dvvaxa, xaxa xb tixbg ij to ayay- 
xaiov. 'O yag iaxogixbg xal o noifixr t g, ov tw tj f/*- 
finga liyuv r\ aptxga diaqpigovoit * ttr) yag ay to 
'ffgodoxov Big ftixga it&i)vai, xalvvdsv v\xxoy ay tl'tj 
ioxogia rig fiexa (lixgov, rj avev fihgtoy • alia jovtco 
dia<pigu, tw toy pb s xa yeyopsya Xdyuy, toy di, ola 
ay yivoixo. Jib xal qpiXoooax&xigoy xal onovdaio- 
xtgoy 7t*fa(jig loxoglaa ioxiy. *H fib yag noirjoig 
paXXov xa xa&oXov , fj 3' Ioxogia xa xa& txaotor 
Xiyei. *Eoti de xa&oXov fib , t$ nolo? xa not ' ana 
Qvppafat*Xiytiv 1} ngaxxuy,xaxa xb slxbg tj to avay- 
xaiov ' ov OTo/a£«T«i r\ noir\oig bvbpaxa imTi&Bfiivtj. 
Ta de xa&* txaoxov, xl 'AXxipiadyg sngaUv, rj xl 
sna&ty, *Enl fib ovv xr^g xwfuodiag ydri xovxa b*r\- 
Xoy yiyoys. Svox4\oayx%g yag xby fiv&ov dia xt»y 
tixoxtav, ovxto xa xvxovxa bvouaxa imxi&daoi , xal 
ov/t vonsg oi laufionoiol, ntgl t«j> xa&* txaoxoy 
noiovaiy. *Enl 6k xr\g xgayt$diagxmvysvoiiivnvQvo~ 
udtmy ctyxixovxatr Al'xiov d\ oxi ni&avov iaxi to 

Digitized by GoOgle" 



14 ARISTOTEL-I& 

dvvaxov* Ta piv ovv pi] ysv&fitva, ovttco maxtvo- 
ptv slvcu dvvatd • tit di yevopeva, q>avegbv oxi dwa- 
td* ov yag av iyivsto, mijv ddvvaxa. OvpyvuXXa 
xal iv toiig tgayqdiaig , & iviaig fiiv tv jj dvo twv 
yvfagifitov iatlv ovoftdxwv, tit di aXXa ntnoirjfiivof 
& iviaig di ovdiv* olov iv tip 'Aya&favo^Avd-u. c 0- 
fiotwg yag iv tovtta ta ts itgdypata xal ta ovofiata 
nsnoiijiai* xal ovdiv rptov svopgalvsi. *Jlax ov 
ndvtfog slvai ^rixr}tiov t tmv nagadtdo^ivtav (jtvd-favnzgl 
ovg ai tgaytydlai eitilv, avxi%to&au Kal yag ye— 
Xotov xovxo Sqtuv* insl xal ta yvwgipa, oXfyoig yv<a- 
gi(id ioxw, all? o/mg svqpgatvu navxag, At\Xov ow 
ix tovxoav , oxi, tbv noir(ii\v uaXXov twv fivd-fav elvai 
6ei nouyirp, ij twv [thgwv, oooj ixoirjtiis xaxa tt)v/j,i- 
fii}ofo -ioti. Mipeixai, di tag nqdUtg. Kav otga 
wpfijl y^ofieva noiuv y ovdiv n\xxov nonft^g iax^ 
Tm yag ytvoftivav evia ovdiv xwXvei toiavxa slvai, 
ola av sixbg yevio&ai, xal dvvatd ywio&ai " xa& o 
ixuvog aitmv noirjtrjg iaxu Twv di anXiv pv&oiv 
xal ngdSstov ai inHooduodei? etal x*igioxai. Aiyw 
d* ineiooditodtj pv&ov, iv w ta ineioodia pet aXXt]X(* 
ovt uxbg ovx dvdyxrj elvau Toiavxat di notovv- 
tou, imb piv tZv qpavXmv noirix&v, di avxovg • vno di 
totv dya&cov, diet tovg vnoxgixdg • aytoviofiata yag 
noiovvxtg, xal naga dvvafuv nagatBivovxs?, noXXa- 
xig diaoxgiopeiv dvayxd^ovxai to $(pt£i\g* *Entldi ov 
fiovov tsXtlag ioxl nga£t(n? if (ilpnaig, aXXa xal qpo/ffe- 
gav xal iXmvStv - xavtct di yivstat paXtota toiavta, 
Ixav yivrjtai naga t^v do£av, xal paXXov, oxav di^ 
aXXyXa* (to yag &avpa<nbv ovtag t£u ftaXXov, n 

Digitized by GoOgle 



- db; poetica* cap.x. is 

tl &no tov avtofiatov xal tr\g rvxfJS • incl xal twr 
ana rvxVS tavta -Q-avpaoiMtata da#u, ooa oaonsg 
inittfitg cpaivticu ysyovivat • tiler r 6 avdgiag a tov 
Mitvog iv v Aqyn amxjetvexov aXtiov tov Saratov 
»w Mitv£ r $wgovrTi ipntoiov* "Eoixs yao to) tomxv- 
ta ovx tlxq ytvio&ai. ) (ware avayxr; tovg toioitovg 
elvai xallhvg ^iv&ovg t 

CAPUT X. 
luolde tiv pv&wv ol piv anlol, oi ds nvrtlty pi- 
rn. Kal yag al ngahig, aw pipyosig oi pv&ol uotv, 
VTt&QX&votv ti&vg ovocu totavtai. Aiyv* de ctnllpf 
\ih ngahv, i\g ysvop&vrig, Am$g altera*, ow9%ovg 
xat pivg, avtu ntgintt&lag if avayvagiopov q (ttta- 
ftaoiq ycvET&c. HtnXty/iivriv $i, i£ v\g futa, avayvut- 
gfascog $ mgtnetefag , ij. ajupdiv , \ fiBtafiaotg ioti. 
Tavta Se del ybeo&ai i£ avti^g tr\g oven wo hoc tov 
pv&ov, (writ ix t&v nqoytytvrm**®* ovfifiairsw % £ 
avayxtjg t\ xata to uxog ylyvto&ai tavta* diaqpi- 
qn yag neXv f yiyveo&ou tads &t« Tttflc, 1} psta 
taBe* 

CAPUT XI. 
"Eoti Si ntQinhiia piv ^ ugtoivavttovwv noat- 
topevtav /nerec^oln, xa&an$g tl'gytai • xal tovto di, 
(oonsQ Xsyofisv, xata to uxog j\ avuyxalov. "jlonsg 
iv toj Oldinodt, iX&fav Ag tvopgav&v tov Oldinovv, xal 
anaXXa^otv tov ngog tyv pt\tiga yofiov, tyXwoag 
ootig qv , tovvavttov .&re/ija«. Kal iv Tig Avyxel, 
o ftev ayopsvog wg ano&avovpevog, o Si Javaog axo- 
Xov&cjv £tg anoxttvmv, tov uh awe^n & twnmqay-^ 
ib&v ano&av&v, tov di otndnvai. 'Av»yvwgiotg d 

Digitized by GoOgle 



16 ARISTOTELIS 

iaxlv, wonsg xal tovvopa otjpalvei, 1$ ayvolag ug 
yvwotv fiBxa^oXrj, % tig qpiXiav^slg t%&Qav t iav ngbg 
tvrvxiav ij dvoxvxlav £>giopiv<av. KaXXioxrj di oya- 
yvwgioig, oxav Spa neQinheim ylvtovxai • atg l/ci iv 
tw Old mod i. Eiol fiiv ovv xo* . aXXat avayvagiotig. 
Kal yag ngbg Stpv^a xal xa xvxovxa iaxlv ox*, montg 
eVgrftat, ovfi flair si. Kal & ningayi rig ij fir] ni- 
ngaytv, %oxiv avayvagioai. *AXX* y fidhoxa xov 
jiv&ov, xal r\ jidXtaxa xv\g 7igd£e&g, tj tlgijfiivri daily. 
'Hydg -xoiavxr) avayvtagioig xal nsgmixua , % tksov 
e$e*, 1} qpofiov • o'itov ngd&av 1} xgaytydia fiifiijoig vtto- 
xsixai. v Exi di xal xo axvxiiv xal to svxvxhv inl 
xStv xoiovxuv (jvufiJjGtTai. *JE7isl di tj avayvtagioig, 
xw&v ioxiv dvayvaogiaig , fj fiiv ioxt -d-axigov ngbg 
%bv txtgov fiovov, oxav rj dtjXog xig ioxiv * oxi d 3 o^qpo- 
i&govpdu dvayvagloai. Oiov, r\ piv *Iq>iy&vsta t<J 
'Ogiaxjj dvtyvtogia&r\ ix xrig[nifnp£(ag xr\g~\imaxoXrig • 
dxsivo) di ngbg xrp> *I<piy4vsiav aXXr t g edst dvayvwgi- 
attag . Avo (ih ovv xov (ivfrov fiigrj nsgl xavx iax\ 
ntgntixzia xal avayvdgtoig, Tgixov di nd&og. Tov- 
xtov di nsgmixeia fiiv xal avayvtngioig sYgtjxai. 27a- 
$og di iaxi ngaUg <p&agxixrj, ij bdvvtjgd • olov, 0% xe 
iv Tea qxtvtgw & avar oi, xal ai mgiwdvvia* xal Tpcw- 
attg, xal 00a toiavxa, 

k CAPUT XII. 
Migrj di xgaywdiag , oig fiiv wg eld ecu del XQifr— 
a&ai, ngoxsgov ti'nofitv, Kaxd ds xo noabv, xal sl$ 
a diaigtixai xf^w^icr/xeya, Tofo ioxi • ngoXoyog, in bio- 
odior, tlodog, xoyixov. " Kal xovxov xo fib , ndpn— 
dog • to di, oxdoifiov. Koiva uir ovv andvxtov Ttti;- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



DE POETICA. CAR XIII. 17 

Ttt. tdta di, ta ano Trjg oxTjvrjg xal xo/i/ioi. "Eon 
di ngbXoyog ph, pigog oXov tgayqtdiag to ngb xogov 
nagodov. Emtoodtov di, pigog oXov tgaytpdiag to 
psta^v oX<av xogix&v pfXitv. v E$odog di, pigog oXov 
tgaytadiag ps& o ovx sort x°Q ov piXog. Xogixov 
di, ndgodog piv, q ngtarr) Xftig oXov xogov* otdatpov 
di, piXog xogov to avtv dvanalotov xal tgoxaiov, 
Koppog di , &gip>og xotvbg xoQov xal into oxrjvijg. 
Msgrj piv ovv tgay^diag, olg piv wg tfdtot dti xgv - 
o&at, ngottgov tXgr\tat* xatd di to noabv xal tig 
a diatgiitat xtxtfgtopsva, tavt iotiv. 
CAPUT xnr. 
T SLv Si dti otoxd&o&ai , xal a dti tiXuptio&at 
ovviatdvtag tovg pv&ovg, xal no&tv tot at tot^g 
Tpayatiiag sgyov, i(p*$r\g av «*'ij Xtxtiovtoig vvvtigripi- 
voig. *£nudr) ovv dti ttjv ovv&totv tlvat tyg xaXXi- 
vtr^g tgaycodiag pr\ dnXriv , dXXa itinXtyphip, xal 
tavif]v yofitgav xal IXttivw* elvat piprjtixijv • (tovto 
ydg tdiov vtjg toiavttjg pipfjotwg dorr) ngmov piv 
diqXov, oti ovtt tovg ifttetxiig avdgag dti pnapaXXov- I 
tag q>aivto&at i$ tvtvxlag slg dvotvxiav* (ou ydg I 
yofitgov, oidi iXtttvbv tovto , aXXa ptagov ioiiv) I 
ovtt rovg pox&ngovg i$ dtvxiug slg tvtvxiav • (atga- 
y^dotatov ydg tovto iatt ndvtutv • ovdiv ydg extt tav 
dti - ovtt ydg ytXiv&gvmov, ovtt iXtttvbv , ovts yo- 
(ttgov lotti*) ovd* ai tbv ocpodga novt]gbv IS *vtv- 
%iag tig dvotvxiav pttanintttv. ( To piv yag <pdav- 
dgcmov sx 0i <* y V totavtrj kjvotaotg, ^XX* ovtc sXtov 
ovre q>6($ov. *0 piv yag ntgl tbv dvd$iov iot* dva- 
tvxovyta, o di mgltbv %i*otov &.*og pi* ntgl tbv 
Arist. Poet. b 

Digitized by GoOgle 



IB ARISTOTELI& 

Svdtiov* yoflog Si negl xov opoiov* "Jl&ts ovxb &«- 
$ivov ovxb cpojSegov soxai xb ovfifimvov.), 'O (tetaSv 
aoa tovxtav Xomog* "Eon Si xoiovxog, 6 fi^xs dgBxtj 
Siayigwv xal Sixatoovvtj, fitjTB diet xaxiav xal £io- 
%&rjgtav fiexafidXX&v tig xr\y Svoxv^lav^ aXXcc Si,' 
apagxiav xwot, xSiv ir ynydXy Soty ovxiav xal siry- 
x'ta' olov, OlStoovg xal Oveairjg, xal ol 4x to*ovtw* 
ytvmv imyavelg dvSgtg. 'Avayxy aga xov xaXwg 
fyovxa [iv&ov anXovv sivai fiaXXov ^ SmXovv, mottsq 
xiv&g (pu<u, xou peiapdXXtiv oix slg avxvxlocv i* Sug*- 
TV/lag, aXXa xovvavxlov, e£ tvxvxlag tig Svoxvxfav,. 
firj Sid (jLox&qqtav, dXXd St djiaqxiav (leydXrjv, % 
oiov eigrjicu, \ fieXiiovog pdXXoV %x*iQ 0V0 $* -2^?- 
puov Si xal xb yiyvo)isvov • ngb xov piv yag ol novy- 
xal xovg wx&vxag pv&ovg d\nr\qtd-povv * vvv Si nsgX 
oXiyag oixiag at xdXXwxai, xgay(p$Lai avvxl&svxai - 
olov nsgVJlxpafava, xalQlSbiovv, xal'Ogioxriv , xal 
MeXiaygov, xal Ovioxrjv, xal irfXeqpov, xal oooigaX- 
XoiQ avfipifirixev 1} na&siv Suva ?} noirjoat. C H fiiv ovv 
x«t« ii}v xixvrp xaXXttjtrj r gay tod la ,. ix xoyviyg xfjg ov— 
axdomg iox-u Atonal ol .EvgpitSjj iyxaXovvxtg, av- 
xol afiagxapovoiv,' %xi xovxo Sga iv xdig xgayi$Slaig r 
' xal noXXal avxov tig Svoxvxiav TtXevTWH. Tovxo 
ydg ioxiv, woweq eVgyxah og&ov. Sr^itiov Si fiiyt- 
oxbv • inl ydg xwv gxtjvwv xal xav dycovav xgayixii- 
xaxai al xoiavxai qpalvovxat, av xaxoQ&a&woi. Kal 
o Evginldrjg, si xal xd SXXa fiy sv olxovopu, dXXd 
xgaytxaxaxog ys x&v notiyi^v q>aiv£xai % dhvxi- 
g<* Si , rj ngwiTj Xsyopivti vno xw<ov, loxiv ij Si- 
nXyv t« xyv ovoxaow i'xovoa, xa&dntg rj 'Odvooewt, 

Digitized by < 



D E P OE T I C A. CK P. XIV. 19 

xa\ rsXsvTwaa If harttag rdtg ptXtloai xal ^/^<kw. 
Aoxu di thai ngwrif dut t^v twv &sarwy ao&svtiar. 
9 4tkolov&ovtH yag oi Tioitjtal xat tv/ipr noiovvug 
tug xtsctTtug. "JEori di ov/ avtfi onto rgoryt/jtiiag 
ij^okJj., aXXa pallor ri%g xwpwditxg oixtfa. *E*u yag 
Sty oi sz&unoi wsw ir tw pv&<p, olov 'Ogioirig xal 
jjfynj&og, <piXoi yeroptvoi hrl TcXevxrig iUgzonai, 
xal anoxh>rioxH ovdtlg vn ovdcvog* 
CAPUT XIV. 
*fem pbr ow to yoptgbv xal iXitivoy ix ir]g oipE- 
J9$ yfoto&ai • Sort da xal ^f ailing trig ovorao€<og xtav 
ngayfimmv ' +mg iarl itgoregov xal notfjjov auslvo- 
v%g. jju yag xal avsv xov bgfxv ovtw ovvsoidvai 
w» iiv&ov, wars top axovovra tot itgaypaia ywofit- 
va xa* (pgfrtnv xal iXtiiv ix r&v avfipaivoytfov • «7ifo 
ay na&oi Tig axovw* rov tov Oldinodog pv&op. To 
08 diet Trig otpstog tovto nagaaxtva&v , arezvoTigoy 
xal ZWiyfaf foofisvov i<mv. Oi Si fi% to yofegov 
fltcr xr)g oxpmg, alia to rsgatmdtg- fiovov nagaaxtva- 
torsBf, ovdh rgaywdfa xoiftovovow, Ov yaq naoav 
tin QnTtiv tjdovrjv an 6 rgay(aSiag t aXXct Ttjv otxtiav. 
*E7isldkTW aito iXiovxal(p6pov diet fiuu^tfag dtlfido- 
vtjv nagaexeva&iy rov noir^^v, yavegov (ogtovto tv 
toig ngaynaviv ipnoir\tioVr Jlola avv Suva v) noi& 
oixTgafafosrat, t&v ovftmnTortrnv, li§upsv~ *J»ay- 
xrj 8e, ri yiloov stvai ngcg aXljjlovg rag TOiavrag 
nga&ig, t\ ix&QW, q pifiniqmv* *Av /*«* ovv i*- 
&t>og ix&gbv anoxixlvy, ovdlv iXmvbv ovre ttomv 
ovve piXXw dtlxvvm , "nXrp xa% avtb to na&og' 
rid' av pntetigm txorrttg. "Orav ** ^ ™* 9*^«*- c 

'* "' Digitized by GoOgle 



20 ARISTOTELIS 

iyysvr^xai ra nd&i] • oiov, si adsXqppg adsXqpbv, {j vlog 
naxsga, ij fi^xtjg vibv, ij vibg fiijxsga dnoxxsivji ij 
fisXXrj f V xoiovxov it aXXo dgtjt , xavxa fyxrixsov. 
Tovg fib ovv nagsiXrjfifASVOvg fiv&ovg Xvuv ovx son. 
jisyw ds oiov xijv KXvxaifiv^axgav dno&avovoav vno 
xov 'OgtoTov, xal xr\v 3 £giqpvXriv vno xov *AXxfiaivivog. 
Avxbv ds svgloxsiv del, xal xoig nagadsdofiboig xg'H" 
o&at xaXwg. To ds xaXiog xi Xsyofisv, sVnoafisv aa- 
tpsaxsgov. 'Eoxi fib yag qvxm ylvso&aixriv nga^iv, 
wansg ol naXaiol inoiovv, eld 6 Tag xul ywaoxovxag - 
xaddnsg xal Evgmidrjg inoiyosv dnoxxslvovaav xovg 
naldag xr\v Mrjdsiav * Tow ds ngaSat fib , dyvoovv- 
tag ds ngalai xp dtwbv , sl&* vaxtgov avayvtogioau 
iiyp cpiXiav • mgtisq 6 2o<poxXsovg Oidinovg. Tovxo 
fib ovv t£w rov dgifiaxog. 9 £v #' avxrj xtj xguytg- ■ 
dia, oloy o 'AXxfiaiav b 'doxvddfiavxog , ij b TqXiyo- 
vog b x$ Tgavfiaxia 'Odvoosi. 'isti 6s xglxov naga 
xaxma, xbv fisXXovxa noisiv xi x&v dvrjxsox(OP £** 
ayvoiav, avayvoagiaav nglv noifjoai. Kal naga xav- 
xa ovx soxtv aXXwg. iX H ykg ngd$ai> ctvdyxii, ij firj • 
xal sidoxag, *} firj sidoxag, Tovxtov ds xh fib yivw- 
axovxa psXXrjoou, xal fir\ ngd$ai, xeigioxov. To , t« 
ydg fiiagbv fysi, *«* ov xgayixov • dna&sg ydg, 4ii-> 
nsg oidslg noiu ofioioag, si firj oXiydxig • olov 4v *Ap- 
\ xiyovr^ xbv Kgiovxa b Atfitav. To ds nga$at , dsv- 
\xsgov, JBsXxiovds xb dyvoovvxa fib ngalai , tiqq:- 
$<xvxa ds avayviogioai • xo, xs yag jiiagbv ov ngoa- 
ttfrt, xal ri avayvdgiotg ixnXrixxixoy, KQaxtaxov $& 
xo xsXtvxalov. Asyto ds oloy b x$ Kgwopovrtj ^ 
Msgonq fiiXXu top vlbv anoxxtlvnv, inoxttivei di ov, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



DE POETICA. CAP. XV 21 

alt dvsyvwgias. Kal iv t$ 'iquysveict ^ adeXtpi) to* 
utieXcpov. Kal iv tiJ 'Among o vlhg trp fi^Tiga in- 
didovai piXXav, avtyvtogiot. Ata tovto, ontg na- 
Xai ttqrixai, ov nsgl noXXd yivr\ at Tgayydiai, elai. 
Zr^xovvxtg yag, ovx onto Tsxvijg, «^* an ° *VXV$ tvgop 
to toiovtov nagaaxtva^uv iv Toig fiv&oig. *Avay- 
xd£ortai ovv inl tavTag tag olxictg dnavTav , oaatg 
to toiavxa avppeflrjxe ita&ri. Iltgl fiiv ovv rrjg twv 
ngayfiatav evoxaoeiog K xalnoiovg xivag elvou dtlxovg 
fiv&ovg, (igrjtcu ixavag. 

CAPUT XV. 
Hsgl Si ra rj&ri, TSTTaga iariv £v Sit oro^aft- 
o&ai. u £v fiiv xal ngotTov, ontog XQilOTa $. ~*E$n di 
ri&oq fiiv, lav, iionsg iXix&t), noiji qtavegov o Xoyog 
jj q nga£ig ngoaigsaiv Tiva * opavXov fiiv, iav <jpau- 
Xyv • xgrjorbv di, iav xgyoxtjv. "Eoti di iv ixdorto yi» 
vu. Kal yag yvvy ion XQV^V* *«' dovXog • xai- 
Tot ys latog tovtwv to fiiv X&Q 0V > T0 ^ oXtog qtavXov 
ioTt. AiVTtgov di ra agftoxxovta. "Eoxt yag ov- 
dgsiov fiiv to y&og, aXX' ovx otgfioxxov yvvaixljXo av- 
dgsiav rj deivrfr slvai. Tgixov di xo Ofioiov • tovto 
yag txtgov tCv XQ T i^ov to rftog xal agfiOTTOV notr,- 
oui, (OGTteg (Tgrjiai. lixagxov di to ofiaXov. Kav 
yag avwfiaXog Tig ij o ti\v fiifirjaiv nags/ajv xal tot- 
oztov rj&b'g vnoTi&tlg , ofitag ofiaXiog avvifiaXov dsl 
elvai, "Eoti di nagddtiyfia novqgiag fiiv rj&ovg, firj 
uvayxaiov, olov o MtviXaogiv t$ 'OgtGTji tov di angt-* 
novg xal fir} agpoxxovxog, o, ts frgyvog *Odvooie>g iv 
tji JZxvXXy, xal rj ttj$ MtXavimvrig ffioig ' tov di «»'«- 
(lakov, i\ iv AvXldi 'jyiyivna • ovdiv yag I'oixtvrj lxs+ 

Digitized by GoOgle 



22 ABISTOTELIS 

izvovact ty vattgrt. Xgf} ds xal iv xotg ij&seiv, »(f- 
asg xal iv xy xwv ngayfiaxwv ovoxdosi , dsl finely 
% to avayxalov, ? *o sixog. "jloxt to* xoiovxov xi 
xoiavx« Xsysiv q ngdxxstv tj ivayxalov % sixes • xou 
rovxo /u«T« xovxo yivso&ai ij dvayxatov $» slxog, 
tikavsgov ovv ixixal xaghvesig *<av [iv&wv 4£ avxov 
dsl xov fiv&ov ovfifiaiveiv, xui jlitj aonsg iv r?) Mr}~ 
dsia, ano prixwrtf, xal iv xtj 'iXuxdi xi nsgl xov Snto- 
nXovv \ <kXXa jxrixavji xgrpjxiov inl xa 2£<» xov 8ga- 
fiazog, $ oaa ngb xov yd/over, a ov% olov xs avd-got- 
nov sidevcci, iq ooa voxsgov , « dsXxai ngoayogsvosiag 
xal ayysXiojg* "Anavxu yag anodldofisv xolg &sm§ 
ogav. "AXoyov ds prjdsv stvai iv xolg ngayptaoiv * c* 
ds pri, l$o> xrjg xgayatdiag • olov, xa iv t$ Oidlnodt 
%ov XoqpoxXiovg. *Ensl ds filfitiolg ianv r\ xgaytadia 
fisXxiovav, qpag dsl /jiifxsio&at xovig aya&oig tixovo- 
yga(fovg. Kal yag ixslvoi dnodidovxsg xrjv olxslav 
ftogqpyv, opolovg noiovvxsg, xaXXlovg ygacpovaiv. 
Ovxw xal xov noitjTriv pifiovftsvov xal ogyiXovg xal 
gct&vpovg , xalxaXXa xa xoiavxa sxovxag inl tw 
q&wv, intstxslag noiiiv nagadsiyfux, r, oxXrjgoxriTog 
dst • olov xov 'AjfiXXia 'Aya&ow xal "Optigog. Tavra " 
dy dsl duxxfjgtiv, xal ngbg xovxoig xag nagot xa i£ 
avayxr^g axoXov&ovoag aio&yostg xy tioitjtixt}, Kal 
ya-g xax avxagJoxiv afiagxdvsLv noXXdxig. Ucipij- 
xai ds nsgl avxtov iv xdls ixdsdofxsvoig Xoyoig Ixav&g, 
CAPUT XVI. 
Avayvtogioig ds xl fisv ioxiv , ttgr\xat ngoxGQov. 
Ei'tirj ds avayvagiosag • ngdxTj /isv t rj axsxvoxaxtj, xal 
V ^^cttoi, ^wyra* di anoglav, ij dta a^/ieiwv. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



DE POETICA. CAP, XVL 23 

Tovttnv Zk t« jiiv ov/jqwra * olov »Xoyx*p V* yogov- 
a* rrjytvug" rj aoxigtg , otovg iv Tea Ovioxji Kagxi- 
vog • t« de inlxxtjxa • xal xovxmv, tor piv iv r& aeo- 
fi «Ti, olov ovlai • Ta de ixreg , ri negidigcua, xctl 
olov.iv xjj TvqoX, dia xr^g oxaqtTjg. "jEoxi $i xal xov- 
*o*S ZQy°&<*i % p&nov, v X*W»* olov, 'Odvootig 
dia trig ovlffg aXXwg avtyvwglo^n vno trig xgoopoV, 
xal aXXwg vnb x&v ovfitaxGiv! Eiol yag **S pev nl- 
ozeoig tvtxa, «xexvortgai t xal ai xoiavxm naoai* ai 
de ix negintxtiag, &ontg ^ & totg Nlnxgoig,(}$Xxlovg. 
Jlvxegai de ai nenoirjptvut vno xov Ttoiijxov * dib 
[ovx] axtxvot. Olov, 'Ogioxyg iv tj} 'lopiyeveia im^iw- 
qtoe Xf\v adsXq>r}v, avayvtogio&elg vnixeivfjg. *JEje«J- 
vr\ piv yao dia xiqg iiuoxoXr^g • ixuvog de dia OTjfulav. 
Tavxa ovv aixhg Xiyu -a fiovXexm b noirixiqg , ak£ 
ovx o ftv&og. J^ o iyyvg xr^g eigrifiiv^g ap-agxiag 
iaxlv • ilqv yag av evia xal ivtyxtlv* Kal iv %<a 2o- 
(poxXbovg Trigu tj trig xegxldog (ptavrj. Tglxi\ di, ^ 
dia pivT) p yg , tw aia&io&ai xi Xdivxa* oaoneg r\ iv 
Kvngivig xolg Jixaioyevovg* idwv yig xi\v ygonptjv, 
anixXavut. Kal tj iv *AXxlvov, anb Xoywv, Idxov- 
<ov yvg xov xi&agioxov , xal fivrjo&elg, idaxgvotv. 
"O&ev aveyvwglo&rioav. Texngxr\ &e,f}ix ovlXoyi- 
ofiov* olov iv Xotjipogoig, b'xi Sfioiog^xtg iXqXv&tv. 
"Opvivg di ov&tlg, aXX* q 'Ogioxw ovxog aga li«f- 
Xv&$. Kal % IToXvsldov xov ooapurtov ntgl xw\g Iq)t~ 
ytvsiag' tixiq yag xov ^Ogioxr^v avXXoyioaa&ai , ox$ 
% % adeXyq hvSf} , xal avx$ <jvfiPalvu &vso&ai» 
Kal v\ iv xSf xovOeodixxov Tvtith m iX&av ngevgri- 
QW> viov, avxbg anoXXvxai. Kal n & w*5 &p*l- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



U f ARIST0TEL1S 

dcug • Idovoai yaq xbv xonov, aiveXoyloavxo trjv elpaq- 
uAvr\v, oxt iv xovxq eifiaqxo ano&avelv avxalg • xal 
yaq i$exi&iioav ivxav&u. *!E<m di xig xal ovv&exog 
£x nag txXoy io fiov xov &eqxqov • olov iv t£> 'Odvooet 
t$ yevdayyiXto. To pev yuq xol-ov, spy yvtaoso&ai, 
S ovx iwqdxev ' o de, wg df ixslvov avayvtoqiovvxog, 
diet xovxov inolrjoe naqaXoyiapov. Uaowv de @eX- 
xioxtj dvayvaqiotg, f\.i$ avxwv xuv nqaypdxtnv , tjJs 
ixnXrj&fog yr/vofiivrig di* eixoxtuv • olov i\ iv tw -2Vj- 
(poxXtovg Oidlnoduxal xy 'iytyeveia. JElxbg yaq /Sov- 
Xto&ai im&etvai yqdfipaxa. Al yaq roiavxai povai 
uvtv t&v nenoir\\iivmv gripeim xal neqideqaiw. Asv- 
xsqai de, al ix ovXXoyiopov,. 

CAPUT XVII. 
Ael de xovg fiv&ovg ovvioxdvai xa* xy *& ei 
Gvvansqya&o&ai, , oxh paXiaxa jtqb bfipaxtov 
•ti&ifisvov. Ovia yaq av ivaqyeoxaxa . bquv, 
Soixeq naq avxotg yiyvopevog wig nqaxxofiivoig t 
evQioxoi xb nqinov, xal ijxioxa av Xav&avoixo xa 
vnevavxia. 2f^iuov de xovxov o inexifiaxo Kaqxi- 
yw. e O yaq *A(iq>idqaog i$ Uqov ctvtfei, • o py bqwvxa 
xbv &eaxrjv iXav&avev tori de xr\g oxrivyg iSeneoe, 
dvoyeqaivovxfov xovxo xmv &sax&v* Ooa de dvvaxov, 
xal xdlg oxy/iaoi ovvaneqya£6[ievov [tiouIv]. Ili&a- 
vwxaxot yaq anb xr^g avxrjg (pvosag ol iv xotg 7ia<d*- 
olv sioi. At o xal xsipaivei b /£//ia£o/*eyos, xal%a- 
Xsnalvsi b oqyi&iievog aXi)&iv(axaxa. Ai o svq>v- 
ovg % noir\xixi\ ioxiv, ij pavixov. Tovxwv yaq ol fitv 
evnXaaxoi, ot de ixoxaxixoi tloiv. Tovg de Xoyovg 
xovg TitTioirjfievovg del xal avrbv noiovvxa ixxi&t- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



DE POETICA* CAP. XV1U. 25 

o&ai xa&oXov, il&* ovxag intiaofaovv xal naoaxihw. 
My&> 8* ovxmg ay &s(oquo&cu xb xa&oXov • dlov xyg 
'lyiycvdag* >%v&tloris xivbg x6qw> xal iq>ana&ti- 
oyg idr^Xag toig &voaoiv, Idovy&cloyg di ug^ aXXn* 
Xaqav, i* I vbpog W xovg &ovg &vtiv tjj £«£, xav- 
xrp so*e Tip Uqtaqvvnv. Xqovy ds voxsqop t<J a**X- 
<py ovrify iXdziv trig Uotiag' dux xl; on avslXtr o 

$ e j>g ^tar xiva aixiay, l'$w xov xa&oXov — iX&&* 

ixn • xal iq> o, xi de,U<a xov pv&ov. 3 EX&uvd* xal 
Xw&elg, &VSO&0U (liXX&y, avtyvvoiaiv • $& «£ £v- 
gmidrig, tl&* ig noXvudog inoir)Ot, xaxa xb «lxo* 
i»7ifcy, ot* ovx apa ftovoy xr\v adeXynr, <*XXa *«* «*- 
ipvlfo* xv&nvar xal tyxtv$w h oyxyQia. Mtxi 
hkxavxa ydy, vno&ivxa xa ovopaxa, inuoofoovv. 
"On&g ds «<JT«* olxtia xa insioodia, oxonuv. 6ior, 
iv tw 'Oqbotji n ftavla dS %g iXfo&n > *«" n oaxnqia 
dia \fa xa&dqomg. \Ev fiiv ovv xoig dqifiaoi, xa 
(jiHOodicc ovvxofia • i\ d' inonoua xovxoig^xvvtxai. 
Trig yag^Odvoodag fiixgbg o Xoyog ioxlv anod^- 
povvrog xivog %x^ noXXa, xal nagacpvXaxxopivov vno 
xov Uootibmog , xal povov ovxog, ^ I'w de x&v oXxot 
ovxtog ixovxon>, «3<m xa^g^axa vno xuv pvtioxrigav 
ivaXioxso&ai, xal xov vlbv im(lovXivto&ai , <*v™J 
iytxvuxai /s^acrtote, xal avayvugioag xwag, avxolg 
im&ipBvog, avxbg piv iod&ri, xovg 8' ix&govg dw- 
n&Hot. To pkv ovv Xdiov xovxo, xa d' aXXa inuo- 

odia. 

CAPUT XVIII. m f 

."Eoxt $k naan$ xqayydiag xh ph ^oig, xo 5k Xv- 
Ui«. Ta fib R«*f* xai &i« w raa,^sv noUanifo 

Digitized by GoOgle 



20 ARISTOTELIS 

§ dioig* to dsXonrbv, i\ Xvoiz. Atya ds, dtmv ptv 
tlvat it)* «» <xQXV$ P*xg i iovtev tov pigovg o lb^«- 
tov ionv, & ov psta(ktlvti tig dvowxlav , % tig wtvxtav*. 
Xvoiv dsTTjv anb trig aQ&lS tr^g ptt a/3a\js(ogpsxgitiXovg. 
' "JIottsq iv t$ Avyxsl tov OtodsxTov, dioig piv f ti t* 
ngonsngaypiw, x<xl i\ tov naidlov Xrnptg* Xvoig r di 9 
fl vino Tifc altiaoswg tov davatov ptygi tov tsXovg. 
Tgaywdiag ds tidy sial rieoaga* tooavta yagxalti 
psgn iXix&H. '& pev , nsnXtypivii, %g to oXov iot\ 
nsgmitsia xal avaymgioig. 'Hds, na&rjtixr]' olov, 
0% ts Ai'avtsg, xalol*I$loveg. e H ds, ydix^ olov, 
al ip&iwttdsg xal 6 JlyXivg. To ds tstagtov, bpa- 
Xov olov, cute &ogxideg xal ITgoptj&svg, xal ooaiv 
adov. MaXiota ftiv ovv anavta dsl migao&ai ifrsi-y 
u ds pi], t« psyiata xal nXucrta, aXXwgts xal &g vvv 
ovxocpavtovoi toig 7ioit)tag. rsyovottav yag *«& 
sxaotov pigog aya&£>v nomtiav, sxaotov tu Idla aya- 
&$ aliovot %ov iva ynsgfiaXlsiv. Aixaiov ds xal 
tgaycgdiav aXXrjv xal ttjv avt^v Xiyuv ovdsv icno$ it? 
pv&to. Tovto ds, i»v f] avtt) nXoxrj xal Xvoig. IIoX- 
Xol ds nUlavtsg sv, Xvovai xax&g. An ds apqxa ad 
xgoTsio&ai. Xgrj ds, omg s\g^Tav itoXXaxig, pspvr\~ 
o&ai, xal pr) noisiv inonouxbv ovottjpa tgayadiaq. 
*E7tonouxbv 8s Xsyta to noXvpv&ov. Olov, ting rov 
tr\g'lXiadog oXov noiot pv&ov. 'Exsl psv yitg dta ti 
prjxog Xappavei ta pigy to nginov psys&og* iv 09 
tdig dgapaot noXv naga tr\v vnoXrppiv anofial^ 
Zypsiov di' ooot nsgoiv 'iXiov oXr}vinolfioav, xal pV 
xata pdgog, monsg Evgmldrig c £xa8rjv, Jj&ontQ AhsXV~ 
Xog,7j ixnlmovoiv t iixaxobg aywXovta*. 'Enil xa?dy<*- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



DE POETICA. CAP. XIX. 21 

&av iSinsotv iv tovtm porta. *Ev ds ralg ntginrttt- 
ceig xal 4r %dig anloig ngaypaot, OfojaCoyTo;* ov fiov* 
lovxai &c&tfiaoTov • xgaytxbv yag xovxo xal <f*Xav- 
&q(ot*ot>. "Ear i 9i wvto, Sxav o Qoybg fttv, utxa no- 
V7]qiag ii t iSocnmTj&fj , Sontg JZlowpog* xtu o avdgei- 
o$ fiev 4 <adi*eg ds , fjxxq&rj. *foj* de xovxo elk 6g, 
tfonsg *Aya&<ov Xiyu. Etxbg yitg ytvto&ai noil* 
xal nag* xi iixog. Kal xov X°1>b* $i eva del vno- 
lapuv xiv vnoxgnwr xal fiogiov tlvai xov oXov, 
xal mfyctywi&o&cu , fifj tloiztg Evgtnidtjg, aiU' 
(aonsQ 2b<poxJUfc. Toig $i JLomolg to Stqdoui- 
va ov uaXXov xov pv&ov , \ ailing xgaymdlag ioxL 
Ah © iJt/SoXipa adovot, ngwxov agZavxog 'Ayd&tavog 
xov toiovtov. Kalxoi xl dtaq>igu % ipfioXipa %dsiv, 
fj fyoiv i'$ SXlov tig Silo agpoxxnv, jj inuoodio* 
olov; 

CAPUT XIX. 
Ilsgl pip ovv xwv aXXwv r^drj stgrjtai. Aontbv 
de negl Xd$t(ag rj diavoiag unuv. Ta piv ovv ntgl 
xtjp diavoiav iv xolg nsgl Qrixogixrjg xda&o). Tov- 
xo yag Xdiov paXXov ixdvrjg x*\g pt&bdov. "Eoxi b*& 
xaxa xr]v didvoiav xotvxet, Sou vnb xov Xoyov dtina- 
gctoxtvao&rjvcu. Migrj Se xovxtov, to, xe anodeixv- 
vai, xal xb Xvuv, xal xb na&rj nagaoxsva&iv • olov, 
eXeov, rj opoftov, i) bgyqv , xal ooa xomvxa • xal It* 
piysdog, xal opixgoxrpa. JtjXov di on xa* iv xolg 
ngdypaaiv dnb xmvavxwv sidwv del XQ%°& ai ' > oxav 
q iltuva, % oWa, 1} psydXa, 1} nxoxa dey nagaoxtva* 
£nv. IIXtiv xooovxov faayigu, ot* t« i*tv bii <P tt t~ 
vto&at Svtv fabaaxaliag, to de iv tw Xoyy vnb xov 

Digitized by GoOgle 



28 ARISTOTELIS 

Xiyovxog nagaoxsvd&a&ai, xal ndgd xbv Xbyov yiyvt- 
o&ai. Tl yag dv s\r\ xov Xiyovxog sgyov, si (fxtvolxo 
r\dsa xal, pri did xbv Xbyov; Tav di 7isgl xrp Xi£iv sv 
fiiv ioxtv sldog &S(aglag, xd oxV(* ata J %$ Xi^aog • a 
ioxiv sldsvav xyg vnoxgixixiqg, xal xov %r t v xoiavtriv 
fyoviog dgxixsxxovixrjv • olov, xi ivxoXrj ^ xal xi six% 
xal dirjyrjoig, xal ajisdij, xal sgwxrjoig, xal dnoxgi- 
oig, xal &' xt aXXo xoiovxov, JJagd yag xtjv tovkov 
yv&giv q ayvoiav, oidiv sig xyv novqiixrp iTiixifirj^a 
q>sgtxai, o, xt xal a&ov onovdrjg. Tl yog av Tig 
vnoXdpoi yfiagxrjo&ai, a IlgwiayogaQ imxipcf,' ox$ 
svxso&ai oibfisvo.g, iruxdxxs* tlnriv 

JMyvw astds &sd. 
to yag xsXsvoai, <pti<jl, noisiv xi j} ftrj, htltallg iori. 
Jib nagsia&w , wg aXXyg xal oi xyg noirixixyg o> 
<&MQ7}pa. 

CAPUT XX. 
Tyg di XsHstag andofjg- xdd* ioxl xd pigy • orot- 
%uov , ovXXafiy , ovvdeofiog , ovopa , $%na , ag&gov, 
nxtboig, Xoyog. 2x o i>x « ?o v fiiv ovv iaxi <pavrj «£*- 
aigsxog • ov ndoa di, aX£ & rjg 7ii<pvxt avvsx^ yl- 
veo&ai qpowij. Kal yag xwv -d-figitav sialv adialgt- 
xoi qptaval, <5v ovdsfiiav Xiyfo oxotx&ov. Tavxyg di 
(ligij, xo, xs qxovfjsv , xal xb rjui<patvov, xal aqxovov. 
"Egti di qxovrjsv fiiv, xb avsv ngoo^oXrjg sxov <pwi v 
axovoxrjv • olov xb a xal xb (a. c Hpi<ptnvov di, xo /i€- 
xd nooofiokijg sxov qp<ovr]v axovoxrjv ' olov xb a xal xo 
g* *Aq*(ovov di, xb fisxd ngoofioXrjg xa& avxo [isv 
ovdsulav sxov qp(ovr)v , fisxa di xav ixovxtav xivd qpcu- 
vi)v yivo t usv6v dxovaxov \ olov xb y xal xb d. Tav- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



DE POETICA. CAP. XX. 20 

la di diacpiou ozvftaoi ft rov oxoftatog xal xonoig, . 
xcu oWi/TijTt xa* y/Jo'rtjT*, xa* /ir^ji xai Pqaxvxfixi* 
m dc xeti 6$vtt)ti, xal fiaovxtpi, xal xw ^«'aw • tt*0* a,r 
xatf"' cxaoTov ivxolg ptxoixdig nyoaTjxa &$u>qhv. 2vX- 
Xa(Ji)di ioxi (fxavrj aaiipog,ovv&txr] ($ ctymov xal <jp«- 
viyv txovxog • xafc yap to ya a*«v tov a ovx tar* ovA- 
Ict/^t/, aAAa jurrd tov a * oloy ibyga. *AXXa xal toi- 
t«v &t(OQ7]oai xag dia<poQag, tjJ$ ptxQixrjg tori. JSvv* 
S i a fi o g diioxt, (pcoyi) aorjpog , t) ovtb xwAvf * oCti 
noirfl qnavi)y fiiav at]pavxixfjy ix nXuovtav qxovtov, nt- 
yvxvla xl&tadui xal inl xwv axotov , xal inl xov /a- 
oov, rjv ft?i agpoTxy iv ioxp Xoyov xi&ivai xa& aS- 
lyy olov, piv, jjroi, dy. *H <p&vij Sotjfiog, ij ixitlu6<* 
vtovfiiv (ptorvv, orjfiavxixwy Si, noiuv nicpvxs play 
oiHiavTixriy (pwvrjy, *A Q& q ov di ioxi, qparpj; aotjfiog, 
tj Xoyov a(>xy v > % **Xog, rj diooiafibv Hr\Xo% • olov , to 
Mpl, xal to neol, xal xa aXXu. "li qpwq aorjfiog, iiov~ 
it xiaXvH ovx* noiu qpwrqv piav or}fMjlvxut^v ix nXiio- 
my qmvwv, neyvxvla xl&eo&ai xal inl xmv SxQwy, 
nal inl rov pioov. ~0 vo.fi a di ion (ptrrr) ovv&t* 
T h> aripavxixTi avtv xqovov , r t g fiioog oidiv fori xa& 
avxb orjfiavxixov. *£r yao zoig dmXolg ov £0«£fi«- 
&a, &g xal avxb xa& avxb fyfictivov * oloy , iv tw 
OsoScoqm, to dwoov ov oypcuvei. *P j} pa di, qxoyjj 
avrdsxij, ofifiayxixi) find XQovov, tjg ovdh pioog ar^ 
paivsi xa& avxb, motho xal inl xtav byofidjoay. To 
fuy yaq av&oumog *§ Xtvxbv, ov orifiaivu to nbx* ' to 
is fladi&h V ptfiddixs, nQoooi\paiyti t to fih xbv nu- 
foVra zqovov, xb di xbv naosXriXv&oxa. Hx a> a ig 
ii ioxiv bvbfiaxog % Qrjpaxog * q \dv xaxa to tovtow. 

Digitized by ( 



30 ARISTOTELIS 

% tovt<£ aitfiaipovoa, xal oaet toiavta • q de xata to 
hi % noXXoig • olop, avd-Qtonot % av&omnog • y de xa- 
%a tit vnoxovnxa, olop, xai eQWTTjGiv $ inlta$ip. 
To yao iflddwep, i} fiddife, m&mg Qrjftcnog xata tav- 
ta tot el'dy iatL Aoy og de, (patvr) ovr&erri otipap- 
ii*y> V? * vta f**Qy * a &* avti otipctbti t*» Ov yag 
anag Xoyog ix Qrjpdttop xal opofidtmv ovyxutcn * olop, 
o tov av&QMTiev botofiog * aXX* ipde%*tai apev ^/U«- 
twv elyai Xoyop* Mioog fxivtoi aei ti ar^talpop f£w 
©lev iv t$, padi&t KXewp, o KXiwt* JEig diicniXo- 
yog diy&g • if /ag e I? aypcuvcov, ijo ix nXeiopow ovp- 
diafiw * oiov, ri'ftiag piv r Gvvdiap<$ elg* o di tov ayw 
&Q*ti7iov, t$ ep ot^atveiv. 

CAPUT XXL 

*Ov6fionog de el'dy, to flip an^ovp'anXovp de Xiyto r 
•■ firi ix otifiaipoptwp ovyxeitat * olop ytf to de dmlovv. 
Tovrov de to pep ix arifialpoptog xal do^fAov, to de i* 
amicuvwtwv ovyxutcu. EXr\ d' ap xaltqmXovp xal t«- 
tganXovpovofiaxalnoXXankovp* oiov ta noXXa tort 
MeyaXwTap/EQpoxaixotavd-og. Zttnarde opopa iotip 
?} xvqioPj iiyX&tta, ijfieta<po$» r ri xoofiog; if neTtoiqpii 
pop, ij imxtetapivop, % vqtjigrjpiyov, i} itylXayfiivov. 
Myta dexi qiop pep, y ^wvrat exaotot •yXwTtotP 
de, co btsqoi. IfLete qntpegbp ov» xal yl&vcav xal xv- 
qiop eh at dvpatop to avtb, /uij tolg avtoXg de. To 
yao olyvpop Kvnolotg pep xvqwp, %fiup de yXtorra. 
Meiayoga d&iotip, opopatog aXXotoiov imyooa, 
y ctiio yivevg inl eldog, ij anb tidovg inl yivog, ij ano 
el'dvug inl eldog, % xata to- apaXoyop* Myw de, ente 
yipovg fih inl eUog, oiov, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



BE POETICA. CAP. XXL 3t 

■JSTrivg $* f*o* ijtf ' for^x* * 
to yog egpuv sour iativai tu *Abo &9ovr,di inl 
yivog* 

— fl $q pvqt 'Odvoosvg io&Xa eogye. 

to yag pvgLov neXv iativ, if vvv avtl tov nolXov ni- 
ygijTcti. 'An tldovg di in eldog, olo¥ r 

Xcdxu ano yv/ip ^V9ap r 
xai r 

— rap «T&i£& jfaAxqL 

i*jav£a yag to ftsv igvoai> tapuv~ tJ di tafiuv r 
Iqvoat sl'grjtat. "Apcpv yag ayeXeiv u Ibvu To 8i 
avdioyo* Xiyto, otav opotagtzrj thdivxtgov ngig to 
ngSttor, xal to titagtov tgig re tgitov* *£g*i yog 
«rr» tov fevtigov to thagtov, y avtl tov tstagiov 
tadtVTEgov. Kott iviot* ngooti&iaoiv £v\P ov Xiyu 
ngig aioti 'Xiya tie olov,ifjioi<*g $x u <puxX*l ngog-Aiovv- 
aov, xal aonlg ngog^Agip. *Egu tohvv xal rip aonida 
fyiakip'AQtwg, xal tip q>iaXip ctvnlda Awyvoov. Eti, 
ofioimg ex u ^oniga ngig fipigcw, xal yijgag-ngig fttov. 
*Egei tohvv tip hanigav yrigag rm&gag ' xal to yygag 
kanigav fiiov, %, Sonsg 'JEfinedoxXi^g- , ivofiig (liov. 
'Evtotg.d* ovx sijtiv ovopa xeipevov tav avaXoymv, aXX 
evdhf vptov Xex&yveiou' olov, to top xagnov fuv 
i<piivm r onstguv • to de tip (pXpyot ana tov yXfov, 
aymw(Aoy. *JXi hpoiwg %x.u tovto ngig top %Xiov, 
xairb antiguv ngitg tov xagnov. Aio ^'giitai" * 

— vnsigwv dioxttatav (pXoya. 

*Eori 8i t<5 jg6<n(& toviw Tijs peiaq)og<*?XQ 9 l <J '& al i t **** 
aXX(ag x ngooayogevaavta to aXXotgiov, vnoqmocti 
t&v olxtlwv tr olov, 6* tip aoTilda «ffro» yt&nr P& 

, Digitized by GoOgle 



SZ ARIST0TEL1S 

"Aging, &k£ Sotvoy Ilsnoiiifiivov di 

iotiv, 8 oXmg ur\ xaXovpsvov vnb tivmv, avtbg ri&s- 
Tat o notipyg. Aoxil yag cna htvai totavia • olov, 
fa xigata iovvtag ' xal tov Ugia, ag^triga. *En e x- 
TtTa/iEvov di iottv, rj aqpjjgrjfiivov, to piv, 
iav <pavriwti paxgotegta xsxgi)fiivoQ rj tov olxeiov, rj 
gvXXaffi infapXritiivri • to di, av aq)t]grjfiivov y ti av- 
tov. ^Enextetafiivov fiiv , olov, to noXsog , noXr^og, 
xal to ITrtXddov, JltiXrfiddew. "A^gTjfiivov di, olov, 
to xgl, xal to da>, xal, ' 

— yla yiyvttah apcpotigw by. 
iSfjXXaypivov di iotiv, otavtov ovonafapivov to 
pi? xataXBinrj, to di noijj • olov to, 

A*$ntgbv xath (ia£ov ' 
avtl tov de&ov. 

Avtatvdittavbvofiatcivtafiiv agQsva, tit di&rjXsa, 
ta di usta^v. "Aggeva fiiv, ooa ttXevtai eig to v xal 
g xal o, xal ooa ix toitov ovyxeitat • tavta di lot* 
dvo, to yj xal £. OrjXea di, ooa ix rwv qxayr^ivrcov 
elg te tot ail paxga* olov, &g 17 xal w • xal twvinex- 
teivofiivtov eig a. "llote Voa ovu^aiytmXrj&st , eig 
ooa tot aggeva xal ta &ijXea. x To yag if* xal to £ 
xal 0, tavta dotty. Eig di aqtatvov ovdiv ovopa t$- 
Xevxa, ovdi eig qpfav^ev Pgaxv. Eig di to l tgla po- 
va, ftiXt, xofjifu, ninegi. Eig di to v nevte • to nmv, to 
vdnv, to yovv, to dogv, to cxotv. Ta di fietaJtv tig 
tavta, xal v xal a. 

CAPUT xxri. 

AiUtogdiagsttj, oacprj xal fit] taneivr^v etvai, 2a- 
SptotatTi (4sv ovv iotiv y ix t&v xvgitov ovopatwv, aX* 

■ Digifaed by GoOgle 



DE POETICA. CAP. XXII. 33 

Xd xansivr\. JIagddeiyfia ds r\ Klto<patvxog noc'tj- 
oig, xal rj Z&tvilov. JStfivri ds xal 4£aXXdxxovoa % xb 
iduoxixbv, fj rdig Uvixdig xsxgyp&V' Zsvixbv ds le- 
yto, yXwxxav,xal psxayogdv, xal inixxaoiv, xal nay to 
naqdxbxvgiov, *Al£ av xig\aiia]anavxa\xa\xoiavxu 
noifioti, rj alviypa tatcci, rj ftagfiagio/iog. *Av fiivovv 
(x fisxaopogfbv, aXviypa • say ds ix yX<axxS>v ,[*a«]/?«0- 
pagujftog. Alviypaxog ydg Idea avxrj taxi, xb Xsyov~ 
xa tcc vndgxovxa, ddvvaxa avvdyai. Kara [tsv ovp 
xrjv Twy 6vofidx<ay ovv&sow, ovx olov xs rovxo noty- 
acu" xaxd ds xi\v fisxayogdv, ivdixsxcu • cloy, 

Avdg sldov nvgl %aXy.bv in dvsgi xoXXrjoavxa, 
xa» xa, TDiavxa. *Ex ds xav yXaxxtbv, b pagfiagi- 
opog. Ast aga xsxgi}0&ai ntog xovxoig. To psv ydg 
/UTj iduaxixby noirjosi firjds xaiiiivbv, r\ yXtoxxa, xal t\ 
fisxaq>ogd, xal b xoofiog, xal xdXXa xa sigrjfisva si'dr}* 
xb ds xvQiov, x\v oacprivstav. Ovx iXa%ioxoy ds (is- 
gog ovppdXXovxat, rig xb oaq>sg xijg Xs&ag xal firj 
Iduaxixby, al insxxdosig xal anoxonal xal HaXXayal 
x&y bvofidxwv. Aid fisv ydg xb aXXoag sx*iv V &S to 
xvgiov, naga xb tia>&bg yiyvopsvov, xb fit) iduoxixbv 
voirioti' did ds xb xoivavsiv xov riw&oxog, to aa- 
<psg toxai, "fioxs ovx 6g&(ag ipiyovoiv oi imxifiwy- 
ttg xtp xoiovxto xgoiua xvg diaXixxov , xal diaxtoptp- 
dovvxsg xov noirix^v * olov EvxXtidrig b dgxoctog ' ws 
gadiov notsiv , si xig d coast sxxsivnv rj HuXXdxxHV iq> 
bndisov povXsxat , ctfi(pco nurjoctg 4y avty xjj Xi$st • 
olov , "Hxoi Xdgiv sldov Maga&wvads f}adi£ovxa* 
xal, Ovx av y* igwgisvog xbv ixtbov vovv iUXXspoyi- 
isg; To fisv oh <palvso&at nag xq*l* tvov ™v™ Tf ? 

Akist. de Poet, C 

Bigitized by GoOgle 



31 ARISTOTELIS 

tgonta, ytXolov. To di fihgov, xoivop anartw toil 
rijjy fiegwv. Kal yag /ueracpogeug xal yXmtaig xal 
tdtg ceXXoig eldsoi j^w/ievo? angsn&g, xal initr^dsg 
inl xa ysXola, to avtb av amgyaoaito. ' To di «£- 
potto? oeov diacpign inl twj> inw, & sage lad (o> tvri- 
&sfiivw tmv opofidtttav eig to fUTgov. Kal inl trig 
yXiattyg di, xal inl tvsv (istoupogow, xal initio? aXXwv 
etdoav [tetand-el? av Tig t« xvgia ovo^iata , xaxldob 
oxi aXrj&ri Xiyofitv. Olov, xb avxb noiqaavtog lap- 
fiuov AloxvXovxal Evgmldov, ev di povov ovopa fis- 
ra&ivtog, avxl xvgfov elw&oxog yXaxxav , to fiiv <pai- 
vtxai xaXbv, to d* tvxsXig, JloxyXog fiiv yag iv tw 
4>iXoxx7)xr} inolrjae, 

ftayidaivav, i\ fiov o-agxag io&iu nodog - 
o di avxl xov io&isi t xb&otvatai (lexi&npie. 
xal, 

IVvv di ft iwv oklyogte xal ovt i davbg xal 
axtxvg* 
tt tig Xiyoi xa xvgid fjisxaxidslg^ 

Nvv di p iwv pixgog re xal do&ivixog xal 
asid^g. 
xal, 

Jtcpgov a ecxiXtov xata&slg oXly qv t« to«- 

ns£av • 

Aiygov iiox&ngbv xaxa&ug fiixgdv *e to«- 

ne£av • 
xal to, m 

H'iovtg (loomoiv 

H'ioveg xgagovoiv. 
Eti di Agiyqadrig tovg xgaywdovg ixapudu, oxi a 

Digitized by GoOgle 



DE POETJCA. CAP. XXIII. 35 

ovdslg Sv tXitoiiv tjj diaXextta, tovtoig XQ*>**ar o\ov 
to d w fi & 1 09 v ait o, dXXa fir\ a ni dwpdtvv xal 
to oi&sv xal to iyit di viv xal to ^A/tlliots 
izEQi, alia fir) negl l4x^XXiwg' xal boa alia 
Toiavxa. Aid ydg to pr) tlror* £* ToTf xvgloig, toi «T to 
fiijj Idiamxov iv tj} Xifa Snavta tit totavta. 'Exiivog 
di tovio j\yvbn. "Eott, di /le^a ^t? to hxdotta twv 
MgTjpiv<ov' Ttgntovtatg XQ*l a & a * 9 * a i dmXotg o*o- 
pao? xal yhattaig * noXv di piytotov to pnacpogi- 
xbv etvai. Movov ydg tovto ovtt nag aXXov cart 
lafiuv, ev<pv'l'ag ts orjptiov ioti. To ydg ev ptracpi- 
guv, to ofiotor &eagsiv tor*. Tuv di ovopdtav, td 
ficv dmXa (laXiota dgpbttu toig dixhugapfioig - al di 
yXSmai, roig ygmxolg • al di ptrtayogal, tdlg ta/u/Se/- 
oig, Kal h piv tdtg Tigwixolg dnavta XQW l P** *<* 
ugupba ' h di tolg iotpP%ioig, dice to or* pdXiota ie- 
fyp pipuod-ai , tavta dgpottu ttov bvopdt&v, oooig 
xal iv Xoyoig rig xgrjotiat. "Eoti di tavta, to xvgtov 
xetl ptta<pogd xal xoopog, » Iltgl piv ovv tgaywdiag 
xal trig iv tw ngdnsiv pipyomg, bow fjpiv ixavd ti 
dgiipiva. 

caput xxni, 

Uegl dityg di^yr\patvxr\g xal h gapitgtp pipy- 
MT\g, on, del toig pv&ovg, xa&dntg iv ta%g xgay<$- 
dlaig, owundvan dgapatixovg, xal negl plav ngd£iv 
SXrjv xal ttUiav, exovoav dgxyv xal pioov xal tp,og f 
iv wonsg £&ovh oXov noijj tijv olxsiav ydovriv, dyXovj 
ata* py\ bpolag loxoglaig tag ovv&ioug slvai, iv aig 
avayxrj ov^l piag ngfetmg noiiio&a* driXaotv, aXX 
ivbg xgovw, So* iv Tovt^ ovvipn ™Ql &<* % nXsiovg, 

G 2 

Digitized by GOOgle 



36 AR1ST0TELIS 

(ov exaaxa, wg txvxw, fyst ngbg aXXrjXa, "jlcntsg ybg 
xaxd xovg avxovg xgovovg r) x iv 2aX*iiivi iysvsxo 
vavpaxia, x«* V iv 2ixsXia Kagxrjdoviav pax*}, oid&v 
ngbg to avxb ovvxsivovoai xiXog* ovxto xal iv xolg 
i(pe£rjg XQOVoig ivioxe yivtxai &dxsgov fist a &dxegov, 
i$ a>v h ovdsv yivtxai xiXog. 2x^ov di ol noXXol 
tiov noirjx&v xovxo dg&ai. z/to, wottsq sl'nofiev, ydy 
xal xavxrj d-taniaiog av <pavelr { "0(iriQO£ nagd xovg 
aXXovg, tw [Hyde xbv noXsfiov, xalmg sxovxa agxw 
xal xiXog, imxeigrjoai noiuv oXov ' Xiav ydg av pi- 
yag, xa) ovx evovvonxog I'fisXXsv eaeo&cu' ij xtp (*syi- 
Sst [itxgid%ovxa, xaxanmXsytiivov xy noixiXict. Nvv 
d' Iv fiigog anolccfiwv Jnuoodloiq xixgnxai avxwv noX- 
Xotg ' oiov vmv xaxaXoycp, xal aXXoig insioodioig, olg 
diaXapfidvei xi}v noix)QW. Ol d* aXXot mgl eva noir 
ovai , xal nsgl %va xgbvov, xal fiiav ngaliv noXvfisg^' 
oiov 6 xa Kvngia noir\aag t xal xr\v pixgav 'iXictda. 
Toiyagovv ix psy 3 IXiddog xal 'Odvoodag pia T^a- 
ywdla noiuxai exaxsgag, rj dvo fiovar ix diKvnolav, 
noXXai • xal ix xr)g (iixgdg* iXiddog, nXiov oxxd • oiov, 
"OnXtov xgioig, 0iXoxxr]xjjg, NEonxoXepog, Evgvnv- 
Xog, Ilxtaxua, Aaxaivai/lXiov nigoig, xaVAnonXovg, 
xal 2ivw, xal Tgwddig. 

CAPUT XXIV. 
*Ext di xa sl'drj xavxd del %x uv xr)v inonoCi'av rfl 
xgay(p8ia* rj ydg anXtjv, *j n snXty fiivr^v , fj 
i)&ty.7]v, $ na & tj xi XT} v hi thai. Kal xa fiigrj, 
i'$w fieXonoiiag xalotpewg, Xavxd' xalyag ntginsiewv 
del xal dvayvtogiostov xal na&rmdxwvS'Exi, xdgdiavoiag 
val xr)v XiUv exetv xaXwg. olg anaotv^OfHigog xizgn- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



DE POETIC A. CAP. XXIV. 37 

rat xal ng&xog xal txavtag. Kal yag xal xay Totq- 
pdrcav kxaxegov avvioxi]xiv y T\ piv 'iXidg, anXovyxal 
na&rpixoy • t\ de'Odvooeia, nsnXtypivov • ayayvcjgioig 
yag tfioXov • xal y&ixov. Ilgbg 6k xovxoig, XiUi *ul 
diavoia navxag vnegfiipXrixe. Jiaqpigu de xaxd t« 
trig avaxdonog xb p*l*og, xal xb pixgoy. Tov ptv ovp 
ptjxovg ogog Ixavbg o tlgrjpivog. dvvao&cu yag dtl 
ovyogdod-ai xr\y oiQXV r XOf * x <> *&og. ETrj d* ay tov- 
to, el xatypev agxaiwv iXdxxovg al o vat da tig shy, ngog 
xt xb nXrj&og xtov TQaywdiwv xwv tig play dxgoaoiw 

Tl$EflivO)V TtCtQTJxOUV. "l%H 6*i TtQOg TO intXXitySO&Oi 

to piys&og, noXv xi i\ inonoiia Tdioy, did to h pip 
T 5 tgayt$diu prj ivdi/tod-at Spa ngaxxopeva noXXi 
miiuo&cu, dlXd to inl xyg oxrjvyg xal xay vnoxgixdtp 
pigog povov, *Ev di xjj inonoua, did to diriyrjoiy «T- 
yah f«7T4 noXXd pigy apa noiiiv ntgaivopeya • v(p mp 
olxeicay ovxtoy, av$nai 6 tov noir^paxog byxog. Jig- 
xt tout \*x H T © dya&ay elg ptyaXonginsiav, xal to 
ptxafiaXXuv xbv axovovxa, xal ineigodiovy dvofioioig 
inugodloig. To yag opoiov xayy nXrjgovy, ixninxuv 
' norii xdg xgaytadlag. To de phgov'xb ijgmxby duo 
xi\g ntlgag i'lgpoxtv. El yag xig iv aXX(o xivlpixgia 
dirjyrifiiaxixriv piprjoiv noiotxo, tj iv noXXolg t angsnig 
ay (paivono. To yag ygrnxov, oxaoip<6xaxoy xal 
dyx&d&oxaxov xoiv pixgay ioxl. Jib xal yXtaxxag xal 
ptxayogdg difsxai pdXioxa. IltgixxTj yag xal tj dir}- 
yjipa\ixri plprjoig xiov aXXw. Tb de iap(li*bv xa# ts- 
xgdptxgov , xivtjxixd • to piv, bgx^xixoy to 5i, 
ngaxxixov. *Exi di axonwxtgov, d piyvvoi Tig avid, 
wgneg Xaigypw. Jib oidslg paxgdv avaxaoiv iv aX- 

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38 ARISTOTELIS 

Xo) 7TB7tolyxsv, y x& ygtow' aXX wgnsg sVnofisv, aifuj 
t} qpvaig 8i8daxsi xo dgjwxxov avxtj diaigsla&oct. 

"OfifjQog 8s aXXa xs noXXa a£u>g inouvBio&at, xal 
Si] xal oxt, fiovog xStv noivpw ovx ayvoii, o 8ti noiuv 
avxov. Avxov ydg del xbv noitixr\v iXdxioxa Xsysiv " ov 
ydg ian xaxd xavxa /iifiijxrjg. Oi jiiv ovv aXXoi, avxol 
fiiv dt,' oXov dyavi^ovxat, (jujiovvxai 8soXiya xal oXiyd- 
xtg* o 8s oXiya (pgoifiiaadfi6vog § sv&vg stgdyu av8ga rj 
yvvalxa, rj dXXo xi, xal ovStv atj&sg,aX£ %xovxaii&r\* 
jjei fiev^ovv iv xaig xgayw8iaig noistvXQ&avfiaaxov' 
{iolXXov 8* irSixeiat iv tJJ inonoua to aXoyov, (6V o 
ovpfiaivu ftdXioxa xb &avjiaoxov,)8ia xb (irj ogtjtv dg 
xbv ngdxxovxa. 'EtisI xd negl ii t v "Exxogog dlalw inl 
fixrivrig Svza, yeXolu dv<pavtirj' olfisv, iox&xsg xal ov 
8icaxovxsg, b 8s, dvavsvatv. *Ev 6s xdlg I'nsoi, Xav&d- 
yn. To 8k &avfiaoxbv i)8i. 2r\iisiov 8i m ndvxsg 
ydgngogxi&ivtsg dxayyiXXovow, &g x&g&ofievoi. As- 
8l8axs 8s fidXioxa'Ofiijgog xal xevg aXXovg y>sv8ti Xi- 
ysiv wg 8ti. w Eaxi 8s xovxo nagaXoyiopog, Ol'ovxaiydg 
avO"g(anoi,oxav xov8l ovxog xo8lr t) i\ yivo/iivov yivrjxai, 
tlxbvoxsgov ioxt, xal xb ngoxsgov that rj ytvso&ai. 
Tovxo 8s ioxt ysv8og. \_Ai* o sVtj up xo ngwxov ipsv- 
dog. 3 AX£ ov8s xovxov ovxog, dvdyxy slvai i] ysvi- 
v&at, ij ngog&iivai.] Aid ydg xo xovxo sl8ivai aXrj- 
&sg ov, nagaXoyi£sxai rjftwv i\ yvxr\ *«* to ngtaxov 
i»g ov. Ilagd8eiy/*a 8s xovxov ix xav Nimgtav, 
Ugoaig&od-al X8 aSivaxa xal slxoia, fidXXov $ 8v- 
vaxa xal dnl&ava. Tovg xs Xoyovg fir) avvioxa- 
ad- at ix (itgtov aXoyav • uXXa fidXtoxa fiiv pi]8iv sxsiv 
uXoyov si 8epi) f t$w tov iiv&ivpaxog* oigntg Qi8i- 

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DR POETIC A. CAP. XXV. 39 

novg to pi) sldtocH n&g o Adtog ax&arey. UXXd pq 
b t$ dgapaxi' mgmg iv'HXixxga oi xm Uv&iadnay- 
yiXXovxsg, % to Mvaolg 6 acpwog 4x Ttyiag tig xr)v 
Mvoltxv j}***. v Jlgxe xo Xdytw, ot* ayjjgijxo dv o fiv- 
&og, yeXolor. *£% &QXns ydg ov duovplotaa&cn to«- 
ovxovg* uv dijfs&ji, xal (paiyrjreu cvXoyt&xtgov, 
ixdixeo&ai xal dxonov iml xal xd to *Otivootla aXo* 
ya, xd niglxrp^ exdioiv, wg oix ax t)v dvexra, dijXox 
ax ytootxo, u aixd yavXog noiijrtjg novfoiiu Nvv di 
xoig aXXoig aya&oXg 9 noi^xi)g wpavifa rjdvwtay xi 
aTonov. Tji $i X£$tt del Sianovslx h xoig igyoig 
usqsoi, xal ufa tftutolg, pyx$ diavotjiutoig. *4no- 
tgvTnei ydg ndUx i) \iav Xapngd X&tg xd ydy xal 
xag duxvoiag. 

CAPUT XXV. 

Hfgl tie ngopXrjpdxiav xai Xv attar, ix noavtv t« 
xal noitax Sv titiwv Bit], wde &ewgovoi yhoix av qpa- 
vtgov. 'JEnel ydg ioxi fuf*r}xi)g 6 nowjxijg, Hgntg ax 
% £aygaa>og r\ xxg -aXXog uxovonoiog • dvdyxrj fupu~ 
o&aij tqiwv ovtwv xbv dgi&pbv, h xi> ad. *ff ydg oTa 
*,x, i\ taxiv • if old qp«<y* xal doxtl • 7} ola ehat del. Tav- 
xa d i£ayyiXXexai XiUhV xalyXtoxxaig xal ptxoHpoga'ig. 
Kal noXXot nd&rj xyg X$mg ioxi. dldopex yag xavxa 
xoig noir}xaig. ITgog ds tovtois oix V <*i*V og&oxng 
ioxlxiqg noXixixt\g xal xyg noir}Xixr)g, Aixt)g de xr)g 
nmrixixrjg dixxr) r) dfiagxia • r\ psv ydg xa& avxr^y, ^ 
di xaxa ovp(2e@rix6g. Jd (ih ydg ngotiXsxo puiiiaa- 
o&ai xax ddvpafilav, avxv\g rj dpagxla • u di xo ngoe- 
Xiv&ai prj og&mg, aXXd xbv Xnnov a/ugx» xa dslid ngo- 
fopXi\xoxa t 7} xb xa& Ixdoxnv xixyr\v dpaQxripa, olo* 

Digitized by GoOgle 



40 ARISTOTELIS 

to xaxa laxgixr\v 1} aXXnv tixvr\v, % ativvata ntTToIr]- 
xa* OTtouxovv, ov xatf kavttjv. m Jlgxs dslxa imxifiri(£a- 
xa h xoig ngo@Xri(iao*v ix xovx&v imaxonovvxa Xvbiv. 
Ilgwxov gib yag, ay xa ngbg avxr)v xi\y i&xvW o\dv- 
vaxa nt7tolrixai,r)fAagx7jxai. 'AXX'og&tig %X°h e * tvy- 
Xavoh tov xiXovg xov axfxf)g. To yag xiXog eVgrjTcu' 
ti ovxtog ixnXrjxxixtoxtgov ij aixb 1} alio noiol pigog. 
Hagadtiyfia i) tov a Exxogog dlwhg. El fibvrot, xb ts- 
Xog ij fiaXXov tj rpxov ivf.dixeto vnagxtw^ *«* xaxa 
xr)* ntgl xovxwv xixy^y ^agxt\xai, ovx og&ag, ' del 
yag, ti ivdixsTou, olcog (irjdotfiij ^fiagtfjo&ai. **Exi 
noxigtay iaxl xb apagxripa, x&v xaxa xrp xixyr}V, ij 
xax aXXo at/ju/?6/$i?xdV. 'EXaxxov yag, el fir} yd si oru 
slayog &r}Xtia xigaxa ovx txtt, yd xaxofjtifi^xwg 
sygaipv* JIgog de xovxoig iav inixipaxcu, oxt ovx 
aXrj&r)' aXX* ola du. Oiov xal 2oqpoxXr\g s<pij, aifxbg 
fitv oiovg du ttolsIv, EvgiJtidtjv 8s olol slot, di? o 
xavxtj Ivxiov. El d& fiyderdgtog, on ovtco qpaotv. Oior 
xa nt gl -frecDV. "Toatg yag ovxs fieXrtov ovtco Xiyuv, 
ovts aXfj^r) • aXX* sxvxtv, mgntg Stvocpayrjg, ov actoon 
xdde. "long 8e ov (liXxiov fie?, aX£ ovxag tlxty • ol OM 
xa ntgl x&v onXonv ' 

— — «/£*« di 0<piy 

"Ogtf inl oavgaxygog, 
ovtco yag tot iv6(ii£ov, wgnsg xal vvv ol iXXvgioi. 
JJegl ds tov ti xaXotg 1} pr) xalwg tj tigrjxai xiv% rj ni- 
ngaxxai, ov povov oxtnxiov tig avxo xb nsngaynivov 
i) ugijfiivov piinovxa, d anovdoZovi) opavlov, alia xal 
tig tov ngaxxoyxa rj Xiyovra, ngog ov t i} oxs, -») orw, ij ov 
ivtxtv • oloy, ei fid^ovog uya&ov, 'iva yiV7)xa\ m i} (isi- 



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DE POETICA. CAP. XXV. 41 

£ovog xaxov, Xva anoyivrixat. Ta Si ngog try ie|»r 
oQoivrot del duxXvsiv o\ov, yXmxxtj' 

Ovgrjag per ng&xov. 
tang yag ov xovg ypiovovg Xiyu, aXXi tovg (pvXaxag. 
Kal tov JoXoova, 

— tldog psv eqv xaxog, 
ov to owpa aavpprtgov, alia 16 ngoamnov aioxgov 
to yag eisiSig ol Kgqxtg ttjrgogomov xaXovoi, Kal 

™, 

Zagoxegov 9b xigatgi. 
ov xb Sxgaxov, wg olioyXvlw, aXXa to &<xitov. To 
fle, xaxa ptxaqpogav tfgtjxai * olov, 

"AXX01 piv (a dtoi xt xal avigtg — 

Evdov navvvx^ot, 
apa b*£ q>r\atv, 

"Hxot ox ig nsdiov to Tgmxbv aQgyouev. 
xcu, 

AvXwv ovgiyywv & bpadov. 
* * to yag Ilavxsg ayr* tov II0XX0I xotxi ptxayogav 
i\'gr\xau To yag nav, noXv ti. Kal to, 

Otrj 6° appogog, 
xaxa ptxaqpogav. To yag yvtagipixaxov, povov* A"o- 
Ta ds ngogtgdiaVj wgneg 'inniag tXvkv Qaoiog to, 

—— dido/nev 8£ oi — 
xal, 

— to piv ov xaxanv&exai opfigca. 
ri d£, diaigiosi' otov*£pntdoxXrig ' 9 / \ 

Atya oe ^x i<pvovxo, xi nglv pa&ov a&avax 

that, 

Zagat tc nglv, xixgr^xo. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



42 ARISTOTELIS 

ta ds, apyifioXla* 

— nagtox^xsv ds nXitay vvt. 

to yag nXswv, dfKpl^oXov ecru. Ta ds, xata to s*9o$ 
tr\g Xd^saog- olov tbv xsxgafiivov, olvov yaoiv stvau 
"O&sv nsnolrixni o ravvfirjdtjg 

— — Ail' oivoxoeveiv, 

ov mvovttoy olvov. Kal x<*Xxiag, tovg toy aidygov 
igyaSo/idvovg. v O&ev iXgr^tai 

— xvrj/ug vsotsvxtov xaooitsgoio. 

sl'rj ds tovto ys xal xata (istayogdv. Ail ds xal Stay 
ovoud ti vnsvdyxltofid tt doxjj or^aivsiv, imoxonsiv, 
nooaxtog av orjfiyvsis tovto iv t$ tlg^evca • oloy to, 

— %£ §' taxsxo xdXxsov syxog, 

to tavtjj xaXv&rjvai. To di nooax&g, svdixetai wdi 
mag (idXiota, av tig vnoXdfioi xata tyy xatavtixgv. 
*H wg rXavxfop Xiysi, on IVmm aXoyatg ngovnoXappa- 
vovai, xal aixol xataytrjyiodfisvot, avXXoyi£ovtai, xal 
tog UQTjxoteg o, ti doxst, imti^tooiv, av vitsvavxiov ij 
xji avtS>v oirjott. Tovto di Tiinov&e ta nsgl 'ixdgtov. 
Oi'ovxai yag avxbv Adxtava slvat, "Axonov ovv to /*ij . 
ivxvxuv tbv TrjXi[ictx ov avtia, rig Aaxtdaifiova iX~ 
&ovxa. To d* i'ofag *x Bl wgvtQ oi KecpaXXyvig qpaat, 
nag* avttov yag yypai Xsyovat tbv 'Odvoosa • xal ft- 
vat 'txddiov, aX£ ovx *Ixagiov. Ah afidgtfjfjia ds to 
ngo^Xtj^ta slxog iotiv. "OXag ds to advvatov (iky, ij 
ngbg tr\v noiriviv, % ngbg to fiiXtiov, % ngbg ti}v do- 
%av dsl dvdysiv. JTgbg ts yag tr\v noirjoiv, algsttoxtgov 
m&av6v advvatov, ij dnl&avov xal dvvatbv* Kal 
ngogto fliXxiov to yag nagddeiypa del vnsgixHv, 
Toiovxovg d* shai, oXovg Zsvtig sygaysv. *AXXa agog 

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DE POETICA. CAP. XXVI. 43 

a qpaai, xaXoya, Ovxv x$, xal ox$ noxi ovx aXoyoy 
ioxiy • slxog ydg xal nagit xb uxbg ytvio&ai. Tot d' 
wg vntyavxia ugrjpiya* ovxm axoneiy, wgnsg oi h xdig 
Xoyoig lXeyx°h € * ™ aixb, xal ngbg xb avxb, xal 
woavrag * wgxe xal avxbv i\ ngbg a avxbg Xiytt, ij 
av ygovipog vno&rixai. 'Og^y Si ij $nixlpr\Qig 0U0- 
yiag xal fiox&^giag, oxay fifj drdyxrjg ovafjg, XQyoii- 
xai tw aXoyw, wgiieg EvginiSr^g iy xip Jftyu, V xfj 
novqgia, wgneg h *Ogioxji xov MtytXaov. Ta fdy 
ovy imxipripaxa ix nivxz eiS<oy qpigovoiv. *H yog 
tag aSvvarta, ij wg aXoya, fj w$ fiXafiega, jj a>g vn$^ 
vayxla, y <ag naga tijf cQ&OTrjja xtjy xaxa xixvqv. 
Ax Si Xvoeig ix xmy ilgrifdvw oxmxiai,. Euh di d»- 

CAPUT XXVI. 

Hoxtgov di (tsXxiwv rj inonoitjx ixif fiiur^atg, ij rj 
xgayqtSixijy Stanogriatitv av xtg. JSiyag rj i\xxov qpog- 
xixi\ psXxtov, xotavxy Si tj 7t$bg {kXxiovg &eaxdg 
iozi* StjXov, oxj, r\ anavxa pipov/iiyti qtogxixr}. € /lg 
yag ovx aio&avopivap, ay /u^ avtog ngoo&ji, noXXt^y 
xivqotv xivovvxai • oioy ol <pavXoi avXr^xal, xvXioiis- 
toi, av Sioxov d£y fiifxela&ai • xal VXxovxsg xov xogv- 
qwuov, ay SxvXXav mvX&aiv. *H fAsv ovy xqayatSia 
xoiavirj ioxlv, o'lovg xal oi ngoxtgov xovg voxigovg 
avxw qovxo vnoxgixag. c Jlg Xlav yog vrttg(iaXXov~- 
xa, nl&tixov o Mvvlaxog xbv KaXXinniSriv ixdXu. 
Toiavzrj di 8e$a xal nsgl IlivSdgov r^v. Jig 6 ovxoi 
%XOVat ngbg avxovg, i\ oXrj xixvr\ ngbg xrp inonoUay 
%X&. Ttjv fiivovv ngogftovg] &taxdg inutxiig <paoiy 
tlvai, 0* ovdiv diovxai xwv oxw"™ v ' x ^ v ^ X W~ 

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44 ARISTOTELIS 

xtp ngog yavXovg. C H ovv q>ogxixrj x^g (av drjlovo- 
xi av iXr\. Ugaxov giiv ovv ov xrjg notfjxixilg rj xa- 
xtjyogia, alia xfjg vnoxgixixfig' iml Mori negtsgya- 
fao&ai xoig arjfisloig xal Qaipwdovvxu, ontg inolu 
SSaoioxgaxog * xal diadovxa, onsg inolu Mvaoi&sog o 
'Oitovvxiog. Etta oidi xivrjOig anaoa anodoxtfia- 
axia, sl'mg (tyd* ogxtjoig* «M* V <pavlw, OTteg xal 
Kalfomtldij iitsxifiato, xal vvv alXotg, wg ovx iXev- 
K &igag yvvaixag fiifiovfiiv(av. "Exi q xgaytodia xal 
avsv xivyoeag noislxbavxrjg, wgmQ fj burnoua. /fiot 
fag xov avaywwoxuv qpavega onoia rig ioxiv. El ovv 
iaxt xalla xgsixxav, xovxo ye ovx avayxaiov avxfj 
vnagxtiv. "Enuxa di oxt navx I^Ci ooansg r\ inonoua* 
Kal yag raJ pixgw t£eoxi XQ^od-ai. Kal txi oi , fit' 
xgbv (isgog xr\v fiovoixijv xal xrjv oipiv $x s h &" V$ a* 
ydoval ovvioxavxai iwagyioxaxa. Elxa xal-xb hag- 
yig «#e* xa* iv xjj ivayvtoosi, xal inl x&v egyav. *Exi 
i<5 iv Haxxovt, fiyxsi to xiXog xyg fnprjostag elvai* xo 
yag a&gowxsgov rjdiov ij tioXXm xexgafiivov tw Xq6~ 
vty. Aiyw i* o\ov Bixigxov Oldinow &eir} xov 2a- 
qpoxliovg iv ensoiv oooig % 'iliag. "Ex\ rjxxov pia 
Imoiaovv plpijoig fj x<av inonoimv. 2r^iiiov di * ix 
yag onoiaaovv (uptjaeiag nXuovg xgayydiat yivovxai. 
"jloxs iav ftiv tva pv&ov noimaw, [avayxrfj % figaxia 
deixvipsvov fitlovgov q>aiveo&ai, rj axolov&ovvxa tw 
xov fiixgov (lyxst, vdagrj • iav SenXeiovg, Xeyw tie olov 
iav ix nXeiovcov 7tga£ewv rj ovyxsipevrj , ov pla* wgyiso 
H iXiag exei nolla roiavxa fjtigrj, xal r\ 'Odvooeia, a 
xai xa& kavxa |#« fiiyedog. Kaixot xavia xa noit}r 
(*axa owJ<jxt}X6vw$ ivdsxexai agtoxa, xal oxipilwx* 

Digitized by GoOgle 



DE POETICA. CAP. XXVI. 45 

fiiag TTQa^scjg fii/ii7]aii Isrziv. El oyv tovvoig « Siayi- 
Qst, nvcoi, xal en tw tfjg iix vr i$ tQW * (&* /*Q °v T ^ 
Tvxovoctv rjdovyv noitiv avrag, alia lip HQi}juiyf]y •) 
(pavtgbv ou xq throw ay tl'tj, fiaXXov rov liXovg tvy- 
%avo voa %i\g inonouag. itegl piv ovv TtQaywdtag xal 
iitonoi'Cag, xal alitor, xal xwy eld&y xal rw> utQUtv 
avjiav, xal noaa, xal %i diatpfyn, xal xov ev i? jut), t/- 
vtg ahlai, xal tuqI dmttfiyotiov xal Ivoew, ri$ijo&(t} 
xoaavxa. 



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ARISTOTELIS 
RHETORICA 

AD ALEXANDRUM. 



API2TOTEAH2 AAESANA PJII 

ET IIPATTEIN. 

Junior etXdg pot, on noXXixig noXXovg niirop- 
q>ag ngog rjpag tovg diaXsgoptvovg irnsg tov ygayfj- 
voti <jo* tag ps&6Sovg twy ftoXmxav Xoytny ' iy<*> 6e 
ov diet Qa&vfiiav vnsgsftaXXopriv h tovxoig tdlg xgo- 
roig, aXXa dia to tfjteiy, ovxag vnig avroov ygayrj- 
val ooi dirptgiptofiiva?, wg ovdelg aXXog yiygatpt tujv 
negl xavxa ngayfiatevopiytay. Tavxtjy §& tixoxatg 
trp didvotay elxoy. "Jloneg ydg io&ijta onovdd&ig 
trjy svTigsnsaxdxijv tay Xomtov ay&gtoTuov sx* tv > ovxta 
dvyapiy Xoyaiv Xafisiv iaxi aot neigaxiov irp tvdo$o- 
ravrp. UoXv ydg xdXXhov i<ru xal ^aoiXixdxsgoy, 
tr\v ysvxrjv %x uv evyvagjiovovoav, ij xvjv e$iy roi) oofyia- 
rog ogay evHpaxovoay. Kotl yog axonoy ioti , toy 
toXg tqyoig ngvtxtvoyta, qpaiyeo&at tSyy tv%6ytwv xolg 
Xoyoig vatsgl^ovtot, xal tavta u66xa , on totg pev iv 
Srjfioxgatla noXttsvopiyoig % ayaqtogd mgl ndvtav 

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RHET. AD ALEXANDRUN. 47 

mv ngayfidx&r tig to* dtjfiop Ira * tolg d' viio tij* 
xqg fiaaiXelag fjyefioviav xexaypirotg, ngbgXoyor. *i2o- 
ntg ovv rig avxovopovg Tiwy nokswr diog&ovv tiw-d-t* 
(nl to xiXXioxov ay»v o xoivbg vopog, uvxia xovgvnb 
TfJ? o^y fiaodtiav xa&zoxHoxag ayeir dvvaix ay inl 
xb ovfiqtigov o abg Xoyog. Kal yag o vopog iexlv, 
&g inXwg einuv ,Xoyog wgtopdvog xa& opoloytarxot- 
vijv noXs&g, purv&v, nag 5tl ngaxxnv txmoxa. JJgbg 
U xovroig, ovx adtjXov olfiaiooi xovxo iatir, oxixovg 
pev Xoyto ZQWfiivovg, xal giBxd xovxov ndvxangdxxtw 
nooatgovpivovg, vig Snag xaXovg xb xal aya&ovg, 
inaivovfisv • xovg di anv X&yov xi noiovrtag, wg oV- 
xug <&fiovg xal &xjguadng, fuaovfi$v. Aiaxovxovxal 
xaxovg xr\v avxwv xaxlav ipyavioanag ixoXdoaptP, 
xal xovg aya&ovg S^Xuoavxag avx&v xt^v cton^r rf£ij- 
Itooafxsv. Ovxa xal xwv peXXoviiov xaxanr dnoxgo- 
nyy ivgj)*aptv y xal xwv vnagxbvxwv aya&wv ovrjoiv 
loxopsv. Kal diet xovxov xal rag fatovoag oWjfeoe/- 
ag icpvyofisv, xal xag pr\ ngoaovtiag i)(<uv &q>cXdag 
£xoQiaot[i8&a. "jloixcg yag (Hog aXvnog algexbg, 
ovtoj Xoyog avvsxbg ayant\x6g* Eldivai dioe dsyosi, 
oxi nagadeiypaxd iaxt xdig nXttaxoig x&v av&gcintap 
xotg fih o vopog, xdig 6s o abg (Hog xal Xoyog. "Onmg 
ovv dwtqpigew r\g nitvxwv ^EXXqvtop xal (}ag{$dgatv, na- 
odv ioxi oot anovdxtv noiyxiov, Xva xyv ix xovxw ano- 
uifiTjoiv ol nsgl xavxa diaxgifiovxsg , xolg xr t g agsxqg 
oxoixeioig xaXXiygaqpovfisvoi, fixj ngbg xa q>avXet 
oq>ag avxovg Symoiv, aXXa xqg avrfg dgtxr,g pexexsw 
im-frvfitoow. "Exi 8e xb fiovXtvso&ai, zwv nsgl *ov 
av&QW7tov duoxatov iaxw. "Sloxt ovx tig xa nagtg- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



48 ARIST0TEL1S RHETOR. 

ya xal uydivbg alter xv\v anovd^v ioxl aot xaxavaXa- 
tiov, alia xi\v firjxgonoXtv avxqv tov xaXmg (tovhve- 
o&eu ua&stv /iovXrjxiov, Tig yctg drjnot av ap- 

(pHJpTjTTjOeie TWV VOVV ixOVXMV, OXl TO flSP TTQOtlteiV UTj 

ftovXsvodusvov, orjueiov ioxiv avoiag * xo de xaxd %l\v 
wpr\y^ow tov Xoyov ovvtbXuv ti tmv V7T ixeivov na- m 
gayyeX&ivTav, notideiagj Idsiv diioxindvxagxovgagi- 
OTct T<av e JEXXrjv(ovnoXixevouivovg t Xoyoj ngmxov, fixolg 
tgyoig, ovyytvofi&vovg* JJgbg ds xovxoig , xal xovg 
fiiyioxov a^itoua xwv ^ag/3<xQwv exovxag, tovtu> ngb 
t&v ngayuaTtav XQ^^ovg, eidoxag xaUag, &g otxgo- 
noXig ioxi ataxrjgiag ij diet tov Xoyov yivofiwij tov 
ovuyigovxog xteagia. Tavxv\v anog&yxov oiyxiov, 
oi xrjv £x t&v oixodouriudxtov aoyaXrj ngbg owxriqiav 
*tvai YOfiioriov. *AXXa yctg oxvw txt nXiiat yga<psiv, 
firjnoxs xcdXiOTiL&o&cu d6$in nsgl xtov otxgijUwg yvwgi- 
Souivtnv, wg ovx ouoXoyovuivwv , nioxug im<pdgcjv. 
dioTteg acpTjoco, ixsiva ftopov unav, ntgl <ov svsoxt As- 
yuv slg ontavxa xov (liov, oti xovxo iaxiv, ai diaq>i- 
gopsv xwv Xointov £aW, [xovxo ovv xal f}ueig dtaq>e- 
govxoag xwv Xomwv e$Ofiev oiv&qwjmov , ] oi (isyioxrig 
Tifirjg vnb tov daifioviov xexvxyxoxeg, 'Em&Vfiia, 
fdy yag xal &vfiw xal xolg xoiovxocg XQV J0li xa * T< * 
XoiTtct £<5a navxet, Xoyw ds oidiv xS)v Xomwv , £&)£*€ 
av&g(a7t(ov. Axontaxaxov av ovv ft'rj navxayv, ft tov- 
to> fiovqt Tav Xoittmv £o)wv svdatuovioxsgov fiiovvxsg, 
xo ai'riuv tov xaXaig slvai duxga&vftlav dcpwfisv x«- 
ToXiyagtiaavTBg. JtaxsXsvoaat dtj 001 ndXai naga- 
xixXrjfiww, i^g j£ v Xoymv dvxtxw&ai q>iXoootpiag. 
Ku&'antg yag fait (pvXaxxixbv awuaxog vyisia , ovxw 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. 40 

i~jq y>vzr t $ yvXaxxixbv xa&iorrjxe natdiia. Tavxyg 
yitg ngorjyov/itvrig, ov maUtv ovfififjoexai aoi ntol 
jag tiquIus, ctXXd ow&iy andoag, wg tnog tintiv, xdf 
VTtagxovaag aoi xwv otya&wv xjfjofig. Xwglg dixwv 
dgrjfi&vwv, tl xb iotg o<p&alfidi$ pXtnsiv ijdv, xb rolg 
%r\g yvxhg ofipaotv blvdtgxiiv ioxi Oavpaoxov. "Ex* 
de woneg 6 oxgaxf\yog ioxi owxyg xov oxgaxonidov , 
ovico Xoyog ptxa natdeiag f\y*(ivtv ioxt filov. Tavxl 
pev ovv xal xa xovxoig Spout nagaXineiv, yofii£w xa- 
Xwg rifiiv txetv xaxot xov vndgxovxa xatgov. "Eygaiftag 
dt pot dtaxeXevo/isvog , onwg prjdtlg xwv Xomwv av- 
$Qum(ov Xyipsxat xb pifiXiov xovxo, xal xavxa sldwg, 
on, xa&dneg xovg 4$ avxwv yevvr\&ivxag olytw^wtV" 
xtg xwv vnopaXXofiivwv fiaXXov ytXovoiv, ovxw xal 
ol eigovxtg xixwv fitxtxovxwv, "Jloneg yag vnig xi- 
xvwv , rovxwv xwv Xoywv vntganoxe&vrixaoiv. Ol 
fih yag Ildgtot Xsyoptvoi ooxpioxal, dia xb fifj xtxuv, 
avxbl diet ga&vpiav Sfiovoov ov oxigyovoiv , dXXa 
Xgnfictxa Xafiovxtg dnoxrjgvxxovotv. ^Jia xovxo yovx 
i/(o oot nagaxeXsvofiat dtaq>vXdxxeiv ovict xovg Xo- 
yovg tovxovg , onwg veoi xa&toxwxeg vitb fiydevbg 
XQrtfiaioi dia<p&agrjO0vxai, xoofilwg de fttxd oov ai/fi- 
fiiwoavxtg, elg r\Xixiav iXdoyxsg, d6$rjg itxrigaxov xev- 
Sovxai. JlagsdtjCfafiey di, xa&dntg tjfuy idyXwoe 
Nixdvwg, xal xwv Xomwv.xsxvoygacpwv, ei' xig t* yXa - 
(pvgbv vneg xwv avx&v xovxwv yiygaytv iv xctlg Te- 
Xvatg. Htgixsv$ri de dvol xovxoig fii/3Xloig • wr xb,u& 
ioxtv ifibv iv xa"ig vri ifiov rixvatg Oeodixxtj ygacpu- 
naig • to de sxsgov Kogaxog. Tot de Xotna tovrotg 
tiia n dvxa yiyganxai ntgl xe xwv noXtxixwy xixl xwv 
Arist. Rhetor. d 

Digitized by GoOgle 



50 AIUSTOTELIS RHETOR* 

tiixavix&y nagayyeXftaJW o&ep ngog btdisgop avr&¥ 
tvnogyoug ix luvds %&p vnofiv%fidtt»p cot ysygap- 
uiv(OP. "Eggwoo. 

CAPUT I. 
Tgia yh>n twv noXnixwv eloi Xopav > to flip 6Sj- 
fitjyogixbvy to 8i smduxtixip, to §i dixayixov. El'dn 
di jovkop km a, ngoxgintixov , dnorgsTiTixov , iyxa- 
fiiaajixby, yiixiixby, xatrjyegtxbp, anoXoyr\xixbp , xal 
i&.TCtoTixbv, if avtb x«^' «vto, r] ngbg alio, Tet flip 
ovp tfdri twv Xoynv roaavra agi&pw ion. 2. Xgr}- 
ooue&vt Si avrdlg sy te raig xoiyalg dy/irjyogiaig, xal 
Tguq nsgl t« ovfifioXaia dixeuoXoyiaig, xal talg Idtctig 
bfiiXicug. Oisko d 3 ay ktoifiOTarov Xiysip negl arw 
dvvfi&eirjfisv, el xal xa&* tv txaotov udog dnoXufioy- 
reg dnagi&firiaaifii'&a rig dvvdpug avx&v, xal tag 
Xgrjoeig, nal rag ngafrig. Kal nganov flip rag itgo- 
tgonag xal anotgonag, (insinsg h ialg Idiocig bfiiXc- 
atg, xal xaXg xotvalg drifirjyogiaig, ip Totade fidliata, 
avT&v XQW'S iath) dUX&wfiep Up. 3. Ka&oX&v flip 
ovp unity, ngotgonr) flip iaxiv inl ngoaigiaeig, rj Xo- 
yovg, r] ngd&tg nagaxXyoig* dnotgonr) de dnoTigo- 
aigioswg, rj Xoycov, 7} ngd&cov diaxaXvaig* Ovrfo &8 
jovtwv dimgiafisvody , ivy fih ngo-tginavia XQV dtt- 
xvvuv, xavta, iq> a nagaxaXu, dUecia oyxa, xal vh- 
fiifia, xal ovfiyegopta, xal xaXi, xal r)dia, xal gtfdia 
ngax&yyat. Ei di fir), dvpard is detxxi&v, oxav inl 
Svaxsgr) nagaxaXjj, xal cog avayxaiaxavta noiuviaxt. 
Tov di dnotginopta $u did t&y foavxiwv xwXvatv ini-* 
<pegeiy t &g oy. Sixaioy, ovdi vofiifiov iativ , ovde &Vfi- 
<psgov, ov$£ xuXbv, ovdi r)dv, ovdi dvpatop ngaTtti* 

■ Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. L 51 

rotTO • u di pr\, &g igySideg, xal evx ocvayxcuov. 

"Atuxocu di al TiQaltig ptxixovot xovxtav apyoxiguv, 

wtm pr^d' ixigav w> vno&ioBav txovxa Xoytav ano- 

giiv. 'Slv pb ovv ogiyto&ai Su xoiig ngoxginev- 

tag xa» anoxginovxag , xavxa loxw. 4. 'Ogfoae&at 

di migaoopai, xovxtav txaaxov xliaxi, xal dtl$cti,n6- 

&sv avxdv tig xovg Xeyovg ritnogrjoopev. dixaiov 

pev ovv ioxi to xav anavxvav, t\ xo xtb nXtiattav s&og 

Sygaopov, diogi£ov lie xaXa xal xa aloxga. Tovxo 

ft 3 iexl xo yoviag xipav , xal (flXovg tv nottiv , xal 

toig tvBQyixaig X&QW anodidovai. Tavxayagxalxi 

xovxoig otioict oi ngoaxaxxovoi toig av&gtonoig oi ye- 

ygappboi vopoh noiiivy aX$ t&ei aygaqpm xal xoivw 

vofio) vopi&xai. Ta pb ow dtxaia t«vt« ioxt. 

fc JVoneg di iaxiv opoXoyr\pa noXmg xoivbv, diet ygap- 

paiMV ngoaxaxxov, nag xgy ngaxxuv exaoxa. 6. 2vp- 

(pigov di taxi twj> vnagxovxoiv aya&olv yvXaxri, rjxwv 

prj Tigooovrwv xxqoig, % xnv inagxovxwv xaxiv ano- * 

poXrj, $j xwv ngoodoxwpbav ytvrjoeo&at piafitgwv 

diax&Xvotg, Jiaigr^aug de tovxo xolg pb ididxaig 

ug ampa, xal yvxnv , xalxa inixxr t xa. 2<apaxi pb 

ovv ioxi ovpepigov $apt}, xdXXog , vyiua • ytvxji ds 

otvdgsia, GO<pla, dwaioovvrj. Ti di inlxxyxa <ptXoi, 

XQripaxa, xxypaxa. Ta d* ivavxla xovxoig ctovp- 

(pogoc. IloXti di evpyigovxa xi xoiavxa xi iaxiv, 

opovoia, dvvapug ngog noXspov, xg^pecra, xalngoo" 

odayv tinogla , ovppaxfov Agsx^ xal nXr)&og • xa* 

QvXXr\^dv\v anavxa xa xovxoig opoivtgona ovpq>igov- 

ra vopKopw xa dsxovxoig ivavxla aavpq>oga. 7.K«- 

lit di iaxty, «q? £v ivdo#* xi$ x«* Ti/iij t#s Mq$o* 

D2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



52 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR^ 

y«vt;(/€Tat xolg nga$aoiv. S.'Hdia de xa xvqbv iq- 
ya$6p*va. 9. 'Pndia dexa fiexa iXaxioxov xgovov 
xal novov xal danavr\g imxeXovfieva. 10. Jvvaxa 
de navxa xa ivdexbpeva ytvia&ai. 11. Uvoyxala $« 
xa fin iq> r,fuv ovxa ngatxeiv, <xiH wg l| avayxrig 
delag rj av&gwnivr t g ovxag ovxa. Ta pev ovv dixaux, 
xa* xa vopipa, xal xa ov/iq>bgovxa, xal xa xaXa , xa* 
t« TJfc'a, xa* xot <5pfoa, xai to fli/vata, xal ta aya/- 
xaia, xavTa ioxiv. 12. Evnogrjoopev de nsgl xovxmv 
ils/giv 15 avrwy te xav Trgougrjfiivtov, xal xm opoiwv 
xovxoig, xal x&v ivavxiatv avxolg, xal xwv ydij xexgi- 
fievav vnb &(&*, ij av&gwnav ivdofav, % vnb xgixwv, 
*J vnb xwv avxayMVioxwv rjiuv. 13. To fiev ovv 3t- 
xaiov, otov av rj xbv xgonov, r^iiv didr}Xa>xai. To de 
cuoigv tw dixaiy xoiovd* ioxiv. "Sloneg yag tf/xa*- 
ov vofii^ofjisy xotg yovevoi nei&eo&ai, xbv avxov tqo- 
nov ngoorjxsi fiifisio&ai xovg viovg xag xav naxigtav 
ngd$tig • xal xa&ansg xovg ev noirjoavxag avxsvtg- 
ytxuv dixaiov ioxiv, ovxta xoig pr\dev ygjiug xaxovig- 
yaaafihovg dixa,iov iaxt fit] pXdnxtiv. To fi^v ovv 
ofxoiov xfy dixaio) xbv xgonov xovxov del Xapflavtiv. 
14. *Ex de x&v ivavxltov XQ*l xaxayaveg noisivavxo xo 
nagadeiypa. Ka&aneg yag xovg xaxbv xinoiyoav- 
xag dixaiov ioxi xifKogslo&ai, xal xovg ivsgyexyaav- 
xag ovxa ngoorjxsi avxevsgyexeiv. 15. To dexexgi- 
fiivov vno xivav ivdo$(ov dixaiov ovi<a Xrjifjjj • aXX ovx 
Vifiug fiovQv (iioovpev, xal xaxtog nowufiev xovg ix~ 
&govg, dXXa xal 3 A&i^vaioi xal Aaxedaipoviot dixai- 
ov etvai xgivovai xovg ix&govg xifMogsio&ai. To /uev 
ovv dixaiov ovxta psXsxuv noXXaxig Xrjyji. 16. To 

Digitized by GoOgle 



f 
AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. I. 53 

8s vopifiov ccvto piv olov ioTiv, ugiorai tj/juv ttdot*- 
gov. Ail 8i, onov av j] /g^otfiov, ovtovts top ayo- 
gtvona xal tov vofiov XapPavsiv, six a to opoiov tw 
ysygafAfUvon vofito. JEXr^ ds av Toiovds' wonsg yag *o 
vo(AO&itri$ fjLtyiaraig Zrjfiiccig Tovg xlimag ixoXaotv, 
ovxoa del xal Tovg t&anaTmvTag fiaXiara tijMtigiio&ar 
xal yag ovtoi xlinxovoi tt\v didvoiav. Kal xa$d- 
nsg iT yopo&itrig xXrjgovo/iovg nenoirjxt rovg iyyv- 
Tcfrft) yivovg ortag Toig an a tow anod-vrioxovoiv, ovxta 
xal twv tov ansXtv&sgov XQW* t(OV fa* ™v ngoorjxn 
xvgiov ysvso&ai • Tap yag ansXsv&sgwoavToav qvtov 
UTtXevTTjxoJtov iyyvtatw yivovg axTog £v , xal twp 
aniXsv&sgfov dlxatog Svl iiv\v agxsiv. 17. To piv 
ovv opoiov rep vo(ii[i(p tovtov tov Tgonov Ictfipdverar 
to 8* ivavriov <JoV u yag o vopog dnayogsvsi, t« 
dfjfiooia diavipso&ai, SriXov, o», Tovg diaigovfitvovg 
avTa ndvTag idixuv, 6 vopo&itrig sxgivcv. El yag 
upao&ai oi vopoi ngootdtTOvai tovg xaf.(og xal di- 
xalwg t<ov xoivav imoxriaavTag , dr\Xov , <ag xal tovg 
ia drjgiooia 6*ia<p&tigoviag Tipwgiag a$iovg vopl£ov- 
oiv. 18. *E* fiiv ovv T&v ivavrhov xaioKpavig ovtcd 
yivixai to vofiifiov, ix de twv xtxgifiivwv tads • xal ov 
(Xovov iya tov vopov tovtov svsxa jovtmv <pij[tl top 
vofio^hrjr &uvaij alloc xal ngougov oi dixaoral, 
dit^tovTog Avoi&idov, naganXr\oia Toig vvv vn ifiov 
Xsyofiivoig lynqploavro [Trivia] nsgl tov vofioif 

TOVTOV. Tb (1&V OVV VOJllftOV OVT09 (ASTlOVTSg, 

noXXaxm dsftofitv. 19. To ds ovixpsgov avxo 
pev olov ioriv, iv Toig ngoTtgov wgiorai. Ail 8* 
Xappaveiv tig Tovg Xoyovg tuv ngotigf^ivwv 

Digitized by GoOgle 



51 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

xal hi tov ovpopigovtog up vJiiqxv T * > xa * t 1 **™*- 
tag top avtop tgonop , ovnsg vnsg tov vopijiov 
xal tov fiwaiov dLTjX&opev , ovtw xal to of/iqps- 
gov nolXaxwg ipqpavi&ip. 20. JEfy & ap to (asp 

OflOlOP TW OVfi<pBQOVU TOLQvfa' MQTIZQ yttQ SPtolgTtO" 
Xipoig ovjMpsQsi, tovg €V^1/£OT«TOt/£ nQI&tQVQ ZCtlTUV, 
ovttug eV tatg noXittiaig XvotteXsi tovg qpoovifuota- 
tovg xal dixaiotatovg ngosowpai tov nXti&ovg. Kal 
xa&ansg totg av&gwnoig vyiaipovoi ovft<pign q>v- 
Xdtieo&at fit) poaqoaetp , ovtoj xa» Tctff noXeaif 
ofiopoovoaig avfiwigor iotl ngoaxonttp fit) ataaii- 
utooi. Ta pb ovv opoia tw ovjiq&goptt tovtop Toy 
tgonop fitjvuv noXXa noir}oei$. 21 . *Ex os twk h>ap- 
tlwv 4»di sot to avpqtigop carat xutuawtpig. El yag 
XvoiieXsi, tovg imuxtig iwy noXitwp tifiav , ov(j.<pi- 
gov ov tVik xal tovg novr\govg xoXa£uv. El yag oi'e- 
ofrs do v pep o gov to popovg r^pag ngbg Oypaiovg no- 
Xtuuv, ovpapigop «V tl'y to uiaxedaipoplovg ovppd- 
Xovg noiyoapivovg rjpag^ ovtto Oqflaloig noXepelv. 
'Ex fiiv dy twv ipavtltop ovtm to ovp<pigov xataqpavig 
noifiaug. 22. To de xsxgipivop vn ivdoSav ovp- 
(figop wdexgi} Xappdvup • i Aaxt8aipopioi te yag A&ij- 
vaiovg xataitoXtp-^aavtBg ovpqpiguv avtoig wy-d-rjaav, 
py ir\v noXip aiiwv dpdganodioao&ai* xal ndXtv 
^A&Tjpatot i$6p avtoig avoixiaai tr\p JSnagtrjp, ovp- 
qigtip atploiv tprj&yoav, mginoirjoai ulaxsdaipoviovg. 
23. Htgl pep ovv tov dixaiov, xal tov poplpov , xal 
tov ovpyigoptog ovtto pstiiv , evnogr,o£ig. To ds 
*«Xov, xal to Qtfdiov, xal to ydi/, xal to frvpatbv, xcc) 



d by Google 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. IL 5b 

to dvocyxouov , bpoiotgonm$ tovtotg phixh. Kal 
utgl fuy Tommy fnev&tv tvnogtjooptr. 
CAPUT II. 

UdXiv de fox>Qio40(itd'at,xqlntQtn6ati>¥,xalitofav, 
xal tbwv, &f te %olg pQvXtwi}qloiq xal talg ixxXyol- 
mg avfi(5ovK^vjOfitr. *Av yag tovztor Ixaata oa<pwg 
imartofie&a, tovg fitv idlovg Xoyovg avti ta Ttgdypa* 
tec xa&* bcaoiTjr jjfuv ov^ovXiav nagadotoH - rag di 
xoivag Idiag ix noXXov ngottAotig, 4ma>iget9 ly Ixd- 
maig tmv nqdhw Qaditog dvvq<i6ji$&a. Tovtm ovp 
tveta dimqttiov t)?uv, n$ gl iv xoivrj povUvoptaindv- 
tkg. 2. Ev xeyoXctiq per ovv tlnuv y tloiv hhid to* 
aqi-d-fiov ngo&ioug, negltov Q > ii\>,r\yogi\aoptv+ ^Avdyxrj 
yag kni xal fioyXtvto&ai xal Xiyuv ypag h povXy 
xal drtfiu 5} Ttsgl Ugitv, rj mgl vopwv, ij ntgl rfc noXi- 
ttxfjg xataoxsvrig, ij ntgl t&v TigogaXXag noXtig at/ju- 
fiaxiwv *«* ovppoXalav, rj negl nolifmy, q ntgl tlgy- 
vyg, ij nsgl nogov xgripdnov. At fiiv ovp ngoftiosig 
ecvtai ivyxdvovtHv ovooti, mgl toy fiovXtv<H>fi#&ct xal 
dfjpiiyogrioopev. 'jExdoTqv di ngo&eoiv ditXtops&a, 
xal oxonwfisv, iv olg tgonotg ivdixejoti nigl rovttap 
Xoyto zgriGao&ai. 3. Ilsgl fikv ovv Ug&v ntgixtwg 
dvayxaiov Xiysiv ijyag igovptv, ig tit xa&totwza &a- 
(fvXaxtiov, rj v>g inl to fisyaXoTigsniotsgov ntog, rj &Q 
inl to Taneivozsgov. Otav fiey ovv Xiyiofisv, wg dsi t« 
xa&eoitoTct dta(pvXdttEiv, evgrjOOfjiBv aqpogpas, ix psv 
tov dixalov Xtyovttg, Zzt tot ndtgiet t&q nagot nttai 
naga@aivMV adtxov ioti , xal on ta fiavtiia navta 
tolg dv&gatnoigngootdttsi xata ta natgta noitia&at 
lag &voiag,xaiointov ngtbtuv plx&ovwv tag noXug t 

Digitized by GoOgle ' 



56 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

xal xoig &eo1g Idgvoaftivoiv xaiega, pdXujxa del tiict- 
uivewxag mgl xovg &eovgr impeXeiag. *Ex de xov 
ovfKpigoPxog, oxi ngbg XQVf* 1 *™* ovvxiXuav 1J xoig 
ididxaig, rj t$ xpuxu xr\g noXecog, ovfiqpigov eoxat, xa- 
xa xa naxgta iwy legatv &vo(ievu>v, xal ott ngbgeyxoX- 
piav XvotxeXel xoig noXixaig' inel ovp%tofinevovx(ov 
bnXixibv, fojifcW, iptXav, evxoXpoxegoi yivotvx av oi 
noXlxai (pdoxipovfievot, negl xavra. °Ex de xov xaXov, 
el ovicj Xafingag xoig eogxag ngbg xb &s(0Qrj<jeu avp- 
fiipriKtv. *Ex de xrjg qdovrtg, el xal ngbg xb &etogei- 
o&ai notxdia xqg negl xag xwv &ewp &wjiag. *Ex di 
xov dvvaxov, el pyxe tvdeia yeyevr\xai, pyxe vnegfioXri 
negl xavxag. "Oxav ftsp ovv xoig xa&eax&oi ovvriyo- 
gojixsVy ovxoa fiexiovoi oxenxeov inl xivngoeigtifievtav, 
% xSiV xovxoig bpoioxgbnwv, xal&givdexexai didaoxeir 
negl xZv Xeyopevtav. A^Oxay de inl xo peyaXongtni- 
oxegov ov(iftovXsv(»pev (iedioxavai xag legonouag, ne - 
gl fiiv xov xot naxgia xtvelv aopoguctg eSofiev evngenelg, 
Xeyorxeg, oxi xb ngooxi&erai xoig inagxovow ov xa- 
xaXveiv iaxlv, aXE av£eiv xa xa&eoxwxa. "Eneid- wg 
xal xoig &eovg eixbg evvovoxegovg elvat xoig fiaXXoy 
avxoig xipwoiv enei&* wg ovxe oi naxegeg ael xaxa 
xa avxa xag &voiag riyov, aXXa ngbg xovgxaigovg xal 
rag evngaylag bgwvxeg, xal idla xal xoivji xrp ngog 
xoig &eovg &eganel«v ivov&exovv, "Enei& tag xal 
inl twv Xomcov anavxav, ovxaa xal xag noXug xal xovg 
idlovg oi'xovg dioixovfiev^ Aeye de xal, el xovxtav xa- 
xaoxevao&evxwv <o<peXeia xig eqxat tiJ noUi, i\ Xap- 
ngoxrjg, {} T}dovr), pexubv woneg inl x&v ngoxegw «*'- 
gvixai. 5. "Oxay de inl xb xaneivoxtgov ovoxiXXwpev, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. II. 57 

ngtaxov fib in* tovg xaigovg tbv Xoyov avaxxiov, xl 
ngdxxovxrg x&Q°* ol noXlxat xvyxdvovoi vvv, 3 ngd- 
xtgov. "Enu& &g ovx rixog, iov^ dtovg x<**Qtiv ***** 
dandvaig xmv &vopiv(ov, dXXd talg svosfidaig tup 
xH/ovtco*. El&* wg noXXip arouxv tovxtav xal ol av- 
&Q(onoi xaxaxgivovaiv, oooi nagd dvvaplv t* notov- 
aiv. Eneid? bxi ovx inl xdtg dv&gtonoig povov, dXXd 
xal inl xdig tvngaylaig xal xaxongaylaig iaxl t« nt- 
gl Tag nvXptxdg dandvag. *Aq>ogpdg per ovr tavxag 
xal rag opotoxgonovg xavxaig vnig twv negl jig &va(ag 
irgo&eoetov eloper. 6."lva de xal xd xaxd tjJv xga- 
xloxrjv dvoiav dwptv eiorjyeto&at, xal vopo&txtiv, 
bgiaope&a xal xavxrjv eoxi yitg xgaxioxrj &voiu *a- 
owv, %ug iv e'xj] ngbg ph xovg &tovg doing xal xttlwg, 
ngog de rag dandvag pexglwg, ngbg de noXepov cacpc- 
Xlfiag, ngbg de tag &tatgiag Xapngwg. E$ti de ngbg 
pivtovg &eovg boiwf, dv rd ndxgia px\ xaxaXvrjxai' 
ngbg de tag dandvag pttglag, idv pr\ ndvta xd nep- 
ndpeva xaxavaXiaxtixai • ngbg ds xag &ea>glag. Xap- 
ngiag, idv /f>t/acj> xal xolg xoiovxotg, a pv\ ovvavaXi- 
oxtxai, dayiXatg xtg zgyoyxai • ngbfde xovg noXeuovg 
ttiytlificog, idv Injttig xal bnXIxai duaxevaopivoi ovp- 
nopnevwoiv. Ta pev dy negl xovg &eovg ix xovxtav 
xaXlioxaxaxaoxevdoopev. *Ex de x&v ngoxeggv tigrj- 
piv(ov,xa&* ovg ivdixnai xgonovg dtipriyogeiv negl Ixa- 
axfjg Ugonoti'ag^eioopt&a, 7. Ilegl de vopav ndXiv 
xalxrjg nohxixrjg xaxaoxevrjg bpoioxgonwg dieX&wfjiev. 
Elolde vopoi, wXXf\§driv pev einttv, bpoXoyrjpaxa xoiva 
noXewg, a did ygappdx&v bgltn xal ngooxaxxn, nwg 
Xgr\ ixaoxa ngdxxeiv, Jii de avxwv xr\v &£oi,v, iv per 

Digitized by GoOgle 



58 ARJSTOTELIS RHETOR. 

Taig drjfxoxgatiaig tag pucgig xal rag noXXag xXfig**- 
Tag Ttoteir • aonxolaarov ydg tovto • tag ds (jisyieiag 
XSigoxovyTag onto rov nX^&ovg. Ovtio yag o piv dq- 
pog, xvgvog cav didopai tag tifictg, olg av i&sXot, rots 
Xa/iflavovow avrdg ov qp&ovyou* ol d imyaptars- 
qot, fidXXov rip xoJoxaya&iav aoxrjxovoiv, sldoxsg, 
Sti> to nagot tdtg noXhocig svdoxqiuv ovx aXvansXsg 
avtolg $otou, Ilsgl pip ovp *hg agxotigsaiag ip rp 
dtifioxgatla ovxa ds? vopo&STUV. 8- Hsgl ds t\\v 
aXXrp dioixrjow xatf sp (asp sxaatop duX&stp, noXv av 
sgyop sly. 2vXXr\($di)v ds, del nagaq?vXdxTsiv t Snag 
ol vofiot, to psp nXri&og anoxgiiftaoi roig tag ovalag 
sxovaiv imfiovXevHVy roig ds nXovxovacv sig *«£ * ot - 
vag Xstxovgyiag hxovalav anaaap qpiXoxifilav ipnotri- 
crow. Tovto ds ovxag av xaxaaxsvaasisp, si xolg 
fihv zig ovalag sfovoiv avil xap tig to xoipop dana- 
yafisvap xifial Tipeg aitb xav pofuav a<pagtO(ispai xvy- 
Xavovsp • Tap ds nsvofiipap Tovg t^v xv>Q<* v igyato-> 
pivovg xal vavxXtjgovpxag xav ayogalap fidXXov ngo- 
rifiwsv, oTHog ol jmv nXovtovprsg kxopTeg TrjnoXuXu- 
xovgytiaaoi, to ds nXij&og ov ovxoqtavxiag, aXX' igya- 
olag im&vpriot]. Asi ds ngbg xovxoig xal nsgl tov 
fitjis xwQav noitiv dvddaaxov , [irjxs dripsveiv Tag ov- 
alag xav xsXsvxavxav, iaxvgovg xsia&ai vopovg, xa* 
(isydXag inixsio&ai xifiagiag xolg nagafialvovai Tav« 
Ta. Xgt) ds ToTg sv noXifioj xsXsvxaaiv tig xayijp t* 
Xaglov drjjuooiov iv xctXco ngb xr t g noXsag aq)agur[ii- 
vov t xal xolg naiolv avxav sag fjpr}g dijfiooiav xgoq>yv 
didoo&cti. Tav fisv ovv iv x$ drjfioxgaTia vofiwv t^p 
&daiv Toiavxrjv dsi noit'ta&ai. 9. llsgl deTagoXiyag- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. II. 59 

%'ag, tig ph aqxag Su tovg popovg anovipup i$Yoov 
naoi tolg trjjg noXinlag pnixovm * tovitor di tlva* 
tig pip nXUatag xlrjqwtag, tag di ptylatag xqvmjj 
ytjqpw p*& oqxuy xal nXelotyg mxqifiilag duuptjq>i- 
otag. Au di Tag typing iv xjjf bXiyaqxla ptyioxag 
intxuo&at, tolg ipqi&tp uvag twp noUiiov Imxiiqov- 
oi. To yaq nXy&og ov% ovxtag aqx&P ayapaxtu <n«- 
qdpBpop, ig «£** fiotqiwg ipq&optyoy. Xqjj di xal 
tag dia<poqag tStp noXuwy on xaxiota diaXvttP, nal 
pi ZQO*%M&**» Mrjdi ovpayuv ix xr\g /copo? inl 
ii\p noXty top SxXoy. *Ex yitq tmp toiovtwf ovp6d<ap 
ovatqiopetai t« nXri&7], xal xataXvei tag bXiyaqxiag* 
Ku&oXov di tlnuv, dti tovg papovg iy pip taig drjpo- 
xqatlaig xtalvny tovg noXXovgtatg tmynXovglmy ov- 
aiaig intfiovXevetv ip di taig SXiyaqxlaig anotq&nup 
tovg tiqg nolntiag pstixoytag vPqi&iv tovg ao&tyB- 
otiqovg xal ovxoyavxuy tovg noXitag. Jlv piy ovp 
bqiyto&ai del toig yopovg xal tijy noXittxv\p xata- 
•mtBVTiP, ix tovttop ovx aypo^osig, Aii di tip ovvayo* 
qtvetp i&iXopta vopcn, deixrieiy tovtov Jaov opza roig 
noXlxcug , opoXoyovpBvoy xe tolg aXXoig vopotg, xoii 
QVpcpiqovra tp noXu, paXiota pkv nqbg opovoiay * li 
di py, nqbg tip t&v noXit&v xaXoxctya&iav, ij nqbg 
tag xotyag nqooodovg, ij nqog ivdoUav t$ xotvta tr,g 
noXswq, tj nqog ti)v noXitixip dvvapiy, »j nqbg aXXo Tt 
totp tQiovtooy. *A.ytiXtyona di del oxonelv nqwoy ph, 
ti pr\ xoivbg b vopog *■ entita tl pi\toig aXXoig opoXo- 
y&p, iXi vntvaytiog total. *Enl tovtoig, tl pi\ nqbg 
pydip ttav tiqripivaiyovpyiquv, aXXa tovvavtlov (*Xa- 
(tiqog. mql piy ovv poptov xal xfc *oivng xata- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



60 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

oxtvijg ivtsv&ev xal xi&ivai xal Xiytlv evJtGgrjooptv. 
10. Ilegl ds ovppdx^v xa* x<av nqbg tag alias noXug 
ovpfioXaiav ditXdsiv ihynQyoofisv. Tot piv ovvovp- 
(ioXoua xal xdg xd&ig avayxaiov xaxd avv^xag xoi- 
vctg ylvso&ai • ovpp&xoyg ds notuo&cu xaxd xoig xat- 
<govg xovxovg, oxav xivig xa& havxovg woiv do&evug, 
-ij noXspog tig 17, ? ngoodoxipog, *} did xovxo noirjoa- 
o&ai ovpuaxiav Ttgog xtvag, oxi noXipto anooxTJosi* 
xivdg vopi£ovoiv. Alxiat, piv ovv avxai, xal at naga- 
nXrpsiai xavxaig aXXai nXdovg xov noiuo-d-cu ovppd- 
Xovg slab. 11. Jside, oxav ovvayogevstv fiovXrj rjj 
yivofiivr] ovppaxia, xov xaigov xotovxov VTtdgxovxa 
ipa>avi£stv, xal dtixvvvai, xovg xr\v ovppaxiav noiov- 
pivovg pdXioxa piv dcxaiovg "ovxag, xal ngoxegov xi 
t»J ttoXh aya&bv mnoirixoxag, xal dvvapw psydXtjv 
t/ovxag, xal nXyolov xoig xonoig xaxoixovvxag * si ds 
prj, xovxtov amg av VTtdgxj], xavxa avvdysiv. "Oxav 
de diaxaXvyg xrjv ovppaxiav , 4p<pavlgeiv ivdixsxai, 
ixgwxov pkv , wg ovx dvdyxr\ noieio&ai vvv avx^v' 
msif? iig ov dixaioi xvyxdvovoiv ovxsg, sfd-' &g ngo- 
xsgov rjpag xaxwg nsnoirixoxsg. El di py, wg pa* 
xgav xotg xonoig anixovxsg, xal ovx vndgxovxsg dv- 
vaxol xaxd xovg Ttgoorjxovxag nagaysvia&ai xaigovq. 
Taig piv ovv dvtiXoyiaig xal xdig owriyogiaig xa%g 
nsgl xwv Qvppdxwv ix xovxav xal x&v xovxoig bpoio- 
xgontov svnogrjoopsv xg^o&ai, 12. Ilegl dgrjvtjg de 
naXiv xal noXipov xbv avxov xgonov xdg ptylaxag 
Mag ixXdpwpiv. ITgoqpdosig piv ovv flat xov noXe- 
pov 4x<pdguv Ttgog xivag avxai • del ngoxtgov ddixt}- 
&evxag, vv V xaigcjy Tiaganenxtaxoxav, upvvao&at xovg 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. n. Gl 

idixrjoarrag i} pvp adixovphovg vnig iatniov noli-* 
fitly, ij vnig avyytpwp, % vnig tvigytxup, y ovppa- 
£0i$ idtxovpipoig fiorj&uv, rj xov xy noXu avpopigopxog 
svextp, i) tig tidoiiap, r) tig tvnoglap, ij tig dvpapip 9 
1} tU &Xlo t i tttfy ToiovTCny. 13. "Oro* /icy ©i/r inl to 
noXtpiip nagaxaXZptp, tovtup ti tip* nqotpuaaap on 
nXtiarag avpaxtiop, xal ptxa tavxa dtixxiop, il wp 
ion ntgiytpio&a* tw noXipa, on nXtluxa xovxwv xolg 
nagaxaXovpipotg vnagxorti iou. Jltgiytportai di 
narxtg rj diaxr)p rwv &twr t vpoiop, fjp tixvxiap ngoo- 
ayogsvopep, r) dia owpatfov nXij&og xal QuprjP, rj 
&« XQTifiatw tvnogiap, rj dia ozgattjyov aigoprjoip, 
rj dun avppax*** agtzyp, ij dta jonwv titpv'idp. Tov- 
itov flip ovp xal xwp TOtoviwv ti xolg ngaypaoip oi- 
xuoxtga Xappdpopxtg, ipopapiovptp, bxap inl xb tto- 
Xtptip nagaxaX&ptp, xa pip xmv ipupxitop xantipovp- 
xtg, xa d' r\pixtga xdig av$rjotot ptyuXa xu&iox&p- 
rtg. i&. 3 Eap di noXtpop piXXopxa yipto&ai diaxu- 
Xvttp imxug&ptp, ng&xop ph dia ngoqpaotwp dtixxiov, 
rj napxtX&g oidtpiap vndgxovaav, -ij pixgag xal Ta- 
ntipag ovaag rag dvax*gtiag. v Enti& Sg ov ovpept- 
gn noXtpup, dit$topxa xa xaia top noXtpop «ti#iJ- 
paxa xolg ap&gtonotg. JIgog di xovxoig, xa ngbg pi- 
xag avpxtivovxa xov noXipov xolg ivapxiotg vnngxov- 
xa paXXop, dtixxiop. Tavxa di iaxip, antg agxiwg 
xaxtjgi&pTixai. ripso&ai pip ovp piXXopxa noXtpop 
ixxovxfav dnoxgsnxiop. lb"H8ri 3' ivtoxaxa naveip 
imxtigovpTag, lav piv xgat&ow oi avpfiovUvoptPoi, 
avi6 xovto ng&xop Xtxxiov, St* dn frfffww&owaf 
pii mgipipup, fag pip TtiauotP, «U' h rq» xootwv 



Digitized by LiOOgle 



62 ARISTOTELIS RHKTOR. 

noiuod-m %rp tigrivr\v. *Enwitt dioti nkpvxtt o no- 
Xipog, xalt»v evtvxovytay iv avtia noXXovg anoXXv- 
yat 'yd* MQrjvri, tovg piy fjizwftiyov? aw&cv, tovg 
d-e vixiuvtag , wv tvtxzv inoXifi^oav, nagixuv ano- 
Xavuv " du&tioy ds tag petaftoXag tag iv tw noXi(na, 
wg nbXXal xal nagaXoyoi yivortai, Tovg fxh evv iv 
tw noXifita xgatovvtag ix t&v toiovtwy inl tip uqt\- 
yyv nagaxXijtioy * tovg 8e intatxotag i£ avtojy t$ t<5? 
ovfipavttov, xal ix tov jiij nagolvyso&ai toig ngoadi- 
x^oaoi taig ovpcpogalg nei&opivovg, xal ix t&v xiv-~ 
diva* twv ytysytifiiyary tov fitj noiqoao&ai trp %igr\~ 
rqv, xal ix tov xguttoy slyai tovg xgelttoai pigog ti 
twv vnagxoyttiy ngoio$ai, fj 7toXi/up xgairj&iviag 
avtovg avtoig xtqpaow anoXio&at. 2vXXr\($§7\v $i 
tov\? fifiag tidivou jbu, or* tote navtig ol av&gtanoi 
tovg noXsjuovg tin&aoi diaXvso&ai ngo$ aXXyXovg, 
otav ytot dlxaia a$iovv tovg ivayziovg vnoXait(Uxvvt- 
oiv, rj dievsx&aoi, to%g ovpfAaz 0l $> ? T< ? noXifHa xa- 
ftvaoiv, ijyofirid-woiTovg ivaytiovg, ij otaoiaoatoi ngbg 
o<pag avtovg* note zovtow tc naytmf xal twf zov- 
zoig opoiotgoinav t« tolg ngayfiaaiv olxaotata ovv- 
aytoy, oix anogfjosi?, o&fv xgv nt 9* noXipov dripm- 
yogsiy xal eigqyrig. 16. Aiinttm $' fifiag sti nsgl 
nogov xgw^ T(av ditX&fiy* IXgntoy piy ovv oxtntioy, 
ei'Tt ttav trig noXmg xiripattav rjneXypiyoy iatl, xal 
(itits ngooodoy now, (ir)js tolg deol? i£aigttoy iatt. 
Aiyta d' oiov tonovg tivag dtifioaiovg qptXynsyovg, 
i§ my toXg iduutaig, -?} nqa&&yt<oy, ij fuo&w&iytay, 
ngooodog av tig tp noXu yiyyotto. Kotvotatog yaQ 
o toiovtog Ttogog iotiy. "Ay di ftTjdiy y toiovtoy, ino 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALfiXANDRUM. CAP. IH. 63 

xiUmuijuv ivayxaiov noiqoao&a. tig uoyoqag. *H 
mg per nhyoi taou/iata naqixuv ilva. nQootnay- 
Itivov ug xovg xtvdvvovg* toig $i nXovtovai xa zqn- 
/*««• to*? ft xt Z vhaig onXa. ^vXX^fidffv di ntol 
nogtav Horjyovftivoig qxxvai, aixovg taovg toig noXi- 
taig, xal noXvxooviovg xal fityaXovg ovxag • xoiig ii 
tar irarxtutv tot havtla xovxoig txovxag. 17. Tag 
piv oiynqoSioHg, mql £y limyotfaop*, xal %a 
ploy xovxav, # mvtovgXoyovg ovotyoofisv, xal tiqo- 
tqmovtig xal anotoiTtovttg, ix t«v tlgr^iviov Yo(itv. 
Boo&epavoi di naXiv, i(pt$ijg to, x« iyxvpimonxov il- 
fofc xal ytxtixbv nsgiXaPcafiev. 

CAPUT HI. 
SvXXipdw pb> ovv iattv iyxuptaottxiv eldog, 
nqoaqiosuvxalnoabw xal Xoyiov ivdolfav'av^o.g, 
xai/iq tiqooovtwv owoixri&otg. Vsxthxbv ds to ivavtiov 
xovta, xavpiv 4vd6§w, xantlvaaig' xav diadofav, av- 
tno$g 9 2. 'Enawtta per ovv ten nqaypaxa ta oV- 
*tua, xal xa vonipa, xal t« ov/iqpiqovxa, xaltaxaXa, 
*al xa ^dia,xal xa ov Qadia ngax&n™ 1 " Tavxa 
to avxd xe oU ioxi, xal b&tv avtol noXXa noii]oo- 
fitp, iv xolg nqh xovtay eiqrjta.. 3. Ail di toy evXo- 
yovvxa duxvww xolgXoyoig, ug tovxw tw av&Qwiw, % 
J xolgnqdyfiaotv, vnao X u tt tovtrav in aitov xateo- 
? m &J*> %SC ctytovnoQig&iv, %i* tovtov imevfiPal- 
vov, % i'vextv tovtov yiv6(ievov,fj oix ilvtv tovtov innt- 
iovfisvov. 'Ofiotoxoenag di xal to> yiyovxi xa ivavxia 
I lovtonv duxtiov ngooSvxa tw ytyofiivw. 4. To piv ix 
tovtov, olov ix tov (pdoyvpraoieiv to aw// a ctl vi- 
tal* xal ix tov py (piXonov&y in aqfaaxLav iunl- 

. Digitized by GoOgle 



64 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

ntuv • xalix tov qpiloooyiiv dtiyorsgovtivaLniolcpgo^ 
yr\Qiv ' xal ix tov dfiiXeiv ivdea twv avayxaiav slvai. 
Tod' evexatovtov, olov tvzxatov ottqtavw&rivaivnb 
t<ov noXniav noXXovg novovg xal xivdvvovg vnon&ovQi. 
Kal evexa tov xt*oi£so&ai rdig iowpivoig tm aXXwv 
ovdiv <poovtiZovoi. To tie /iij avev xovtov, olov ovx avtv 
Twy vavt&v vavfiaxiwv vlxai' xal ovx avsv tov nivtiv 
ai naoowicu. Tatoiavta detoig nooHgryjiivoig opoio- 
tgonwg fittmv, iyxapifav xal vjoyoav noXXtav tvno- 
gr\oug. 5. AvSyoug di xal tanuvwosig ovXXrjpdr t v 
anavta tic toiavta tovdt tbv'tgonov (istuav ng&tov 
fib anoqpaivwv, wonsg agtiag (istrjX&oV, vnb tovtovdl 
rtoXXd yeysvrjo&ai rj xaxd, 1} aya&d. Elg ph ovv 
Toonog tiqg aytrjomg ovtog. dtvtegog di, xsxgifii- 
vov [ista<pioHV, av plv inawyg, aya&ov av b*i *peyj}$$ 
xaxov. Etta nagiotavat to vno gov Xtyopsvov, xal 
naga/SdXXtiv ngbg aXXr^Xa, tov'fiiv vno oavtov As/o- 
fiivov xa fiiyiota die$iav , tov di etigov ia iXuxtota, 
xal ovtta piya cpavrjvai. -Tgitog ngbg to vnb oav- 
tov Xtyopevov avtinagaftuXXuv tovXa/totov t&v vnb 
tt\v avtijv idiav mntovttov, ipavtXtai yag ovtoi to 
vno oov Xsyofiivov pu£ov, wonsg oi fiitgioi ta. [ityi- 
\tr}q?aivovtaifAti£ovg t otav ngbg Pgaxvtigovg naoaatto- 
ijiv. 64 *Moxnt, dt xal tods nuvtwg av&iv • ei xixgitai 
ftiya dya&bv tovto, to vita tl ivavtiov iav Xiyyg, fit- 
ya xaxbv cpavtlrcxi. 'Slaavtwg di tl vo t uiittai (itya 
xaxov, iav tovtta ivavtiov Xiytjg, fiiya dya&hv <jpa- 
ve } Jat ; *£ou de xal ujde fieydXa nouiv ta dya&a , ?7 
ta xaxa, iav anoyaivyg avtbv ix diavoiug, avfiptfiu- 
fcwy ', tag ix noXXov ngotvoqoev, wg no Live nguixu* 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUW. CAP. IT. 05 

intflaXXeto, wg noXi* zqovov engattty, mg old tig al- 
ios ngotegov tovtoig ivtxeigfjoey , wg petit tovxtty 
sugars ps&' toy ovdelg aXXog, atg M tovtotg, fit*? ovg 
ovdelg ttegog, wg kxwv, wg ix ngovolag, wg tl ndvtig 
tovtw XowgnoioTfiev, ivdcuuovoifitv av, i} qtavXwg ngdt- 
totpev. 7. Xqr\ de xal $ixd£ovta ovuflipd&tv, xal foot- 
xodopovvxa to extgov wg inl to foegov, avletv tgonw 
roicpde - ootig de twv <piXwv xtjdexai, tovtov elxog xal 
tovg avrov yoveig tipav • og de tovg yoviag iipy, ovxog 
xaltrivnaxgida xr\v kavxov hvnouiv flovXt]oexai. 2vX- 
Irjpdtjv d*,iav noXXwv afxiov dno<paivTjg,idv te otya&wv, 
lav te xaxwy, fiiydXa qpaveltai, Zxontiv de xal, to itqay* 
fice xmdiov qpavuxai, xaxa ftdoij diatQovpevov , f( xa- 
&6Xov Xeyopevov , xal onoxegwg av uei£ov %, xovdi 
toy tq onov alto Xeyuv. Tag fiev ovv av^aug ovxta 
fiexiwv nXeiaxag noiijosig xal peylotag. 8. Taneivw^ 
oug de toig Xoyoig xal ta aya&d xal ta xaxd toy 
ivarxhv tqonov pettwv, wg eigrjxafiev inl twy (isyd- 
Xwv • xal fidXiota pev, av fitidevog aXtiov imdeixvvyg* 
el de fir] , wg iXaxfotwv xal opixoordxwv. Sic, pey 
ovv iyxwpid&vteg xal yiyovxeg av£rjoopev xal tanei- 
vwoopsv, orntQ av i&ikwfiev, ix tovrwv Xopev. Jfot/- 
oifioi de at twv av^otwv dcpogfral eloi xal iviolg aX- 
Xoig el'deoiv ' aXX' r\ TtXeloxrj dvvafiig avxwv iaxiv iv 
Vo7g iyxwfiloig xal iv toig yoyoig. Ileql pev ovv toi/- 
twy ivttv&$v evnogyoopev, 

CAPUT IV. 
AieXwpev de ndXiv opoiotgoitwg tovtotg to ti 
xatyyogixov xal to dnoXoyi\xixov eldog , o nfol t^j» 
dixavtxr\v ioti ngaypatziav, avtd te i$ (av awearym, 

AKIST. RfiETOR. E 



G6 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

xal fag $u avxotg xgyo&M* 2» J£<ra dk xo jibxaTti- 
yogixov r avlk4/5St]p untiv, agiagx^fidxtav xal a&xij- 
Hanov itayyeXoig* %i ds anoXoyryttxiy dpagximdx&v 
xal adix7ifi(*T(tiV xecTTiyoQii&svTwv % xa&vJiQTuev&er- 
twv didXvoig. 3. c Exaxigov di iwv udoty tocg dvva- 
fisig lag avxdg ixovxav, xaTijyogovvTa fib avayxaiov 
ley hp, oiav par tig Ttovqgiav xaxrjyogjj, w^ at x&v 

ivCtVTlQJV 71Q(X$UQ OtdlXQt Xal nugdvOflOi, Xal TW TlXrj- 

&n tfitv izqXltmv davyiyogoi Tvyxdrovmv ovvat * oxav 
bh ug a(kXx%glav t wg avrm xe xal tw ngdxxovxi aovp- 
q>oooL t xal aloxgal, xal dqdelg, xal ddvvaxoi imxeXe- 
G&7}vai. Tavxa fisv xal xd xovxoig opota , xaxa xe 
%<qv nov%g&v xal xmv dfoXxigtav em/ tig quoad 4oxi* 

4. M $& xal xovxo nagaxr^guv xovg xaxrj/ogovvxag, 
inl noloig xwv ddixrjjidxwv ol vifioi xdg xipuagiae 
xdnovvw, xal nsgl a xwv ddixrjfidxoiv ol dixaoxal 
rag ^/ulecg ogl£ovow. u Qxav uev ovv y vo^iog dicogtr- 
xatg, xovxo $n giapov oxonily xov xaxyyogoy, on&g av 
$m8t&j xo ngdyfia ysyzvvm&ov+ "Oxav ds ol dixa- 
oxal to xaxriyoDovfiwov eld&oiv , av£%xiov iuxl xd 
ddiXTjpaxa, xal xd twv ivavxlwv dfiagx^fiaia r xal(jtd- 
hara fiiv duxxiov, wg kxw> xal ix ngovolag , ov %r\g 
xyxovorfa aXXa ptxa nagaaxtvi^g nXsioxyg i$/xi?<w. 

5. *Ectv Si pi) dvvaxov $ xovxo nomv , itXXa voui&ig, 
butai xov ivaviiov y wt, ^fiagra tq&jiov Tiva, if oxi 
xavxa ngd$at diavoy&elg xaXAg, jjxvxtjos , negiaigs- 
xioy ryv ovyyv»u7]v, Xiyovxa rolg axovovoiv, wg ov 
8sZ nga^avxag r)[tagxt}xivai (pdoxeiv, AXXa nglv izq&t- 
xuv tvXapuo&cu. "EnEitf i>g, ti xal i^r^agup n 
Vxvxnosv ixfivog, $# did id? ixvxiag xal Tag apctg- 

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AD ALEXANDRIA CAP. IV. 07 

xlag Zwuortrpai fiaXXop avxop, ff xop jBijd* txtgop 
xovxmr noijoana. ngog di xovxotg, xal opofio&i- 
xyg ov* iqfixBxovg i$apagxdpopxag, aXX' hnodlxovg 
inobiosv, Xpafiif netrteg iSafiagxdpmoi. Atyt di n*l, 
tig, Utopia xotaixa anoXoyovfitpop anodgopxai, 
noXXovg xovg adunlp ngoaigovfihovg ftovw. Ka- 
x&g&tiaapxtg pip yag, an eg Zv i&eXwt, ngdloviHP. 
dnotvxovxig di, <pdoxopxtg qTvpixircu, xyuaglap o\>x 
vtp&ovoi. Tolg flip oip xaxrjyogovoip, ix iw Taiov- 
fwr r\ ovyypmprj negiaigixia, xml, ug ngoxigop tfgfj- 
xai, diet tup avStawr noXXup atna xuxwp xa tup 
ivapxiup egya dttxxiop. To flip ovp xaxyyogixbp rf- 
dog dtii -tup fisgup anoxtXnxai mW. 6- To di 
ajtoloyrjxucop dia xgubp fit&odap ovploxaxm , no&tp 
ap xtg anoXoyjoaixo. *H ybg anoduxxiop ty ono- 
Xoyovfiha , ug ovdip xwp xaxyyogovfieTtop Ungate • 
£ Sap dpayxd^xat opoXoynp, nngaxiop dnxpvpai *p- 
vofiop xa} dixaiop xal xaXop xal ovfiq?igop jjj niXet 
to ntngay fierov. *Eap dip) tovxo dvpqxat anodtl- 
£«*, ug auigxrwa, % ug dxvxiifia ayopxa rig nga- 
Sng, xa? fiixgag rag fidpag an avx&p yspopbotg 
anoqpafpopTctr ovyyptLfirjg xvxup nngaxiop. 7. Udt~ 
xiavde xal apugxt^fim xal atv/lap ap diogfyg, xo 
flip ix ngopoiag xaxop xt noiilp , adixfap xi&'u , xal 
q>a& lf dup xipnqtap in} xolg xoioixotg x^p piytoxyp 
Xa/iflapHp. To di if Sypotap pXafkgor xi ngcnxnp, 
afiagxtap thaiyaxiop. To di fiy dt* Savxop, iXXa 
df ixigovg xtpag , rj dia xyxqy fitfip insxtXsip xS>p 
PovXev&ipxuv x*XS>g r dxvxiap xi&u r xal yd&i, xo flip 
adipup iivai xwp nopijgwp ap&gwwp VStop'xoP #a- 

E * 
'*. 



68 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

pagrslv xal nsgl rag ngaSng drvxuv ov fiovov slvai 
kavxw i'diov, allot xal xoivbv xal rtov dixa£ovnov, xal 
rwv allow dv&g<6ntav. 9 A$iov 51 avyyvdfitjv &X St *> 
dvayxao&sig n ofioloysiv zwv roiovnav alnuv, xoi- 
vbv xdig axovovoi noiwv to apagrdvuv xal rb «iv- 
Xsiv^ 8. dsi ds rbv inoloyovfitvov ndvta &c(agtiv, 
i(p oig rav ddixrjfidicov oX t« vopoi rig Tifivgiag ind- 
Sovoi, xal oi dixaoral faplag ri[i&ai. Kal orav -0 
vofiog bgi£f] rag rifiutglag, dtixiiov , a>g ovx inolijas 
%o nagdnav, r) wg evvofxot xaldlxata inolrj&sv. "Ort 
di oi dixaoral xa&eorrjxaoi rtfirjralrrjg ttifiiag^ofioi- 
tog ndliv ov cpaiiov, on ravxa ovx inoirjoev , alia 
fi&llov (tixga ptphafifiivov rbv ivavxlov, xal dxovoia 
anoqpalvsiv nstgaxiov. *£x rovxtov ft*v ovv xal x!av 
Tovxoig ofioiorgoiuav iv ratg xaxrjyogluig xal iv ra%Q 
imoloylaig svnogriooiitv, sldnsxai d* tjfuv exidu$- 
sl&eiv <tb i£traorixby tldog. 

CAPUT V. e 
Ev xeqpalalft) piv ovv Bineiv, y i£iraoig ion ttoo- 
aigioe(ov,7) ngd&wv, ?j loyav ngbg alltjla, i] ngbg 
Toy allov (ilov ivavxiovfjievwv ipcpdvioig. Aii di rbv 
i£exd£ovxa tyxuv, ti'nov r\ o loyog [ov #«Taf«], rj ai 
itga£etg xov i£sxa£o(iivov , r] at ngoaigioug ivavxi- 
ovvxai dllrjlaig. '// di fii&odog yds • axonuv iv tw 
7tag(*xr}u£vo) xgovq, si rb ngmxov rivog yilog yevofjis- 
vog, ndliv ix&gbg iyivsxo, xal ndliv <pilog tw (xvtw 
tovttp i] xi alio ivavxiov dg fiox^rjgiav qpigcov i'nga- 
s.*v, 7} trrngdUi, idv oi xaigol negmioouv ovtw, ivav- 
xlov io7g ngoxegov vn avxov nsngayfiivoig. S. Vla- 
<*vxwg di oga xal, tV n slnuv vvv Uyu ivavxiov rolg 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. VI. 09 

ngoregor amy tlgwiroig, [tj $fj $ afVro* ivavtiov toT* 
Xsyopivoig, 1} xolg ngotigov slgfifiivoig ]. VZaervTwj 
8**<xl, «? T* Trato ngoilXno ivavtlov totg ngoxtgov 
vii ai{toveigtjpivotg t j} ngorXoix av xaig&v nagant- 
oovrmv. 'Opoioxgontog di tovxoig Xapflavuv xalngbg 
t« alXa tvdola imxqdtvpaxa rig iv t£ tov iUxa£o- 
(isrov^fiiy iwrtuooug. To piv ovv ktxavxixbv tf- 
dog ovito pttultv, ovdiva naqaXetyttg tgbnov tqgtU- 
xaoetog. 4. y Anarttav di twv sidwv ydy dirjgtipivur, 
duxalxaglg tovxav kxaoxy, oxavagporttjlxgyodai, 
xal xoivjj ovppiyvvvta tag dvvaptig avtwv. Tavta 
yng %xtt piv^ diayoqag tvpeyi&eig' imxotvwvQvot 
pivtot xata tag XQn^iQ aXXrjXoig, xal tavto nm6v- 
&MToig tuv av&g<antov ti'deoi. Kal yag ovto* tJ 
ph opoioi, ty di avopoioi tig oytig xal tag aio&rj- 
Ciig eloiv. Ovio) dituv tid&v dtengtopivuiv , xal v>v 
ngoadiovxat, xoivfj naXw iSagi&ptpwptv xal diiX&w- 
fw, ig avtolg duxgno^at. 

^CAPUT VI. 
Ugwtov piv ovv xal to dixaiov, xal to vopipoy, 
xal to ovpq>igov, xal to xaXbv, xal to f)dv, xal ta 
toytotg AxoXov&a, xa&ansg iv agxy dtBtXoptjv, xoivi 
naoi toig el'dsoiv ion. MaXiota d' avtolg to ngo- 
tgwtxutov nqooxgritai. 2. Jtvisgov di, tag al&jotig 
xal raneuxaaeig xorjoipovg avayxalov slvou naga to 
Xoma navxa. MaXiota d 9 avxiov iv tw iyxwply 
xa* toXg yjoyoig al XQ^oeig, 3. Tgltov di niotttg, 
atg avayxtj piv ngbg navxa ta pigy t&v Xoyoav xgi>)- 
o&at, • XQVOipntatai di zioiv iv taig xatrjyogiatg xal 
talg anoXoyiaig. Tavta yag nXilotrig avtikoylag 

Digitized by GoOgle 



70 . ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

Sionai* Ugig Si xovxoig, vgoxaxaXyipug , xai al- 
xripaxaxai naliXXoyiai, xai firjxogXoyov, xatpsxgio- 
TQ6 firjxovg, xai figaxvXoyia, xal kgjAtjveia. Tavxa 
ydg xal xd xovxoig opoia xoirotg fyu ndoi xolg sl'deoi 
rag zgtjoHg. ITtgi jiiv ovv xtbv Sixaiw, xal xwv vo- 
fttftoav f xal x&v xovxoig opoioTQoncav , ngoxegov Slto- 
giodpfjv, xai xyv XQrjviv avxiav dts^X&ov xai mgl 
pkv %S>v avtyomv xai tcctxsivmoscov elnov. 
CAPUT VII. 
Nvv Si Ttegl xiav aXXtav SrjXaom, ng&xov dnb x&v 
nioxstav dg£dficvog* Eloi Si Svo xgbnoi x&v nioxn- 
tov. tfvovxaiydg ai piv i$ avxiav x&v Xoywv, xal 
x&v ixgd£e<av, xai x&v dvd-g&nmv ai S' ini&exot xotg 
Xtyofisvoig, xai xolg ngaxxop&voig. Tafiiv ydg tlxo- 
xa f xal nagaSsiypaxa, xalxtxprigia, xaliv&vprifiaxa, 
xai yv&fiai, xai xd oijp&a, xai ol UXtyxoi, ntoxetg 4£ 
avx&v wv Xoytov, xai x&v dv&g&7i(ov,xai x&v ngay- 
pdxwv tioiv. 'Etxi&sxoi Si pagxvglai , Sgxoi, fldva- 
rot>. 2. Au Si xovxwv kxdoxtjv avxyv ib ovviivai, 
nola xlg iaxt, xai no-dsv x&v eig avxtjv Xoyoav tvno- 
grjoofitv, xai xl aXlyXav Siaqpigovoiv. Elxbg (ih ovv 
ioxtv, ov Xsyofiivov ixagaSdypaxa iv xatg Siavoiaig 
txovmr ol dxovovxeg, Xiyw S', olov t$ xtg tpaitj xijv 
naxgiSa (lovXeo&ai (itydXriv ttvai, xal xovg oixuovg 
tv ngdxxuv, xai xovg ix&govgdxvxfiv, xaixa xovxoig 
opouxy ovXXtjftStjv uxbxa SoSutv. "Exaoxog ydg x&v 
axovovxatv ovvoiSev avxbg avx& ntgi xovxav xai x&v 
xovxoig hfioioxgonmv , exovxi xotavxag im&vfiiag. 
^ aT * t °vto Stt nagaxriguv f) t udg iv xdig Xoyoig del, 
«* xovg axovQvxagovvtiSoxag Xijipope&aTtegixov ngdy- 

DigitizedbyGbogle 



AD ALEXANDRIA CAP. VIL 71 ' 

fictxog, ov Xiyoper. Tovxoig yig avxovg tlxig ion 
H altera ntoreveir* To ph ovr eixog xoiavrxp fyu 
<fvaiv. 3. diaigovpev de avxi tig xgetg ideas. Mia " 
piv ovr iaxi, tb xa Tta&rj xa xaxa cpvaiv axoXov- 
&ovrxa xoig ar&gwnois, tolg Xoyotg ovpnagaXapfla- 
veir h x§ xaxriyogetv, tj anoXoyHO&ai • olor ear tv- 
XWjl Tiye$ xaxag>gor^oarXig xira, ij dtlaarxeg, r\ y.al 
avu> rovto to ngaypa noXXaxig nenoirjxoxes, t] na- 
lir fjo&irxes, t) Xvnrj&erxeg, rj im&vpovvxes, 5) w«- 
navpsrot rur ini&vpitir, r) nXovxovvxeg, y n xotov- 
tor ertgor nenov&oreg na&og raig yvzaZg, *) xolg 
adpaair , tj xin x<ar aXXwv aia&r]ae(ar, olg ovpna- 
oxoper. Tavxa yag xal xa xovxoig opoia, xoiva xr\g 
avd-gtanetas (pvoeoag orxa na&ti, yragtpa xolg cexov- 
ovolv laxi. Ta ph ' ovr xaxa (pvaiv xolg av&gwnlvoig 
elxhopera ylreo&atxoiavxa ioxiv a (paper detr at//i- 
nagaXapPareir iv xolg Xoyotg. "Exegor tie pegog iaxl 
xior elxoxmr e&og, o xaxa ovrtj&eiar exaaroi noiov- 
uev m rgixor tie, xegtiog. IloXXaxig yag tiiii xovxov xr\v 
(pvaiv fitaodpevot, xal xa jj&i] ngoeiXops&a ngaxxeiv. 
4. Ovxw de xovxoar titwgtopevwv, iv per xottg ngoxgo- 
ncug xal raig anoxgonalg tieixxeov vneg xtiv S^tov- 
pivwv, on xovxo xb ngaypa, icp b r^pelg nagaxaXov- 
per, r] to arxiXeyoper, ovxwg, oig r)peig (paper, ylre- 
xat. EL tie* /xr\, oxk xa xovxta x& itguypaxi opoia tov- 
xor- xbv xgbnov ylrexai, ov r)peig (paper, rj xa nXel- 
axa, ^ xa narxa. 5. Kaxa per olv xar ngaypaitav 
ovxa xb eixbg Xvpixiov ' xaxa de xwv av&gumaiv iv per 
xatg xaxyyoglaig, iav exyg, imdtlxrve xb avxb xovxo 
nqaypa noXXaxig nenoi%xoxa ngoxegor* el de prj, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



72 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

Spout TovTw. Ueigw ds aitoyaivtiv, xal mgXvaixsXeg 
rjv avxw Tat/Tawotwv. Ot/«^ nXuaxoixav av&gwixav 
aixol xb Xvomleg paXurta ngoTipwvxsg xal xovgaX- 
Xovg vopiCovoi, tvsxa tovxov ndvxa ngdxxsiv. "dv p& 
ovv s/ijg anb xmv avxidlxtnv avx&v to tixbg Xappdvsiv, 
ovxmg avxb away ay*. El ds fit), dnb'xuv bpolmxd 
ti&iofiiva qpsge. Aiyw d*, oXov viog ioxlv, ov xaxijyo- 
gug, si, ola nsgl xrjv rjXuriav xavxijv ovxsf ngdxxovaiv, 
tavxa Xsysig ns7toii)xsvai aviov moxsv-d-^asxai ydg 
xaxd tip oftoioxtjxa xal xd xaxd tovxov ksyopsva. 
Tov avtbv ds xgonov, xal idv tig xovg sxalgovg aixov 
deixvvy xoiovxovg bvxag, oiov ov tovxov 9>ng. Kal ydg 
diarrjv ngbg ixsivovg avvrj&siav S6$h xd avxa xoig 91- 
Xoig imxridsvsiv. 6. Tovg fiev ovv xaxrjyogovvxag ovxto 
XQi) fjiBxiivaixbuxog* xoig dsanoXoyovpsvoig fidXioxa 
dtixjioVyOjg ovdsnoxs xav xaxrjyogovpsvviv xi ngixsgov, 
ovxs aixol, ovxs twv eptkwv ovdelg, ovxs x&v opolav 
avxoig sngalsxig, ovd* iXvoixiXriosxoiavxa ngdxxsiv. 
*jivds yavegbg rjgxavxb xovxo ngoxsgov nsnoir^xdig, at- 
tiaxsov xrjv JjXixiav, r\ xiva ngoqpaoiv aXXrjV xoiavxtjv 
oiaxsov, di rjv sixoxutg O-yfiagxeg xbxs. Aiysdi xal, wg 
ovxs xavxa xoxe ao* ngd$avxi ovvyvsyxsv, ovxs vvv 
ilvortiXfjotv avi *A* ds 001 firjdsv 1) nsngay (xivov 
iuv toiovxtov, twv ds qplXwv oov xivsg xvyxdvotoi toi- 
avta nsnoiijxoxsg, xgy Xiystv, wg ov dixaibv ioxi, dt* 
ixsivovg avxbv diapdXXso&ai, xal duxvvvai x<uv ou- 
t$ ovvr t &(ov bxigovg imsixsig ovxag. Ovtco ydg ap- 
q>l@oXov TtoiTjosig xb xaxrjyogovfisvov. ™Av ds twv 
ofAoltav duxvvwoi xwdg xd avxa nsnofqxoxag, dxonov 
sivai tpdoxs, ri,dioxi txsgotxivsg i$apagxdvovxtgq?al- 



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AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. YIIL 73 

rbrrcu, nioxig tarat, an x&v iyxaXovfuvvtv xi xal <ru 
ft$noiii*aQ. Ziv pb ovv t$agvo$ gg, prj ittnoirixivai 
it\p xortfjyoqovfiivrjy ngahv , ovxtog 4u xStv iixoxwv 
- xri <** anoXoyiioQai. 'Anl&avo* yag noisette xt\v 
%atr\yogiav. 7. *Av di ofioXoytlv avayxattj, xolg tUv 
noXXStv %&eoiv aopopoiov tag aavxov ngdUig, on, pa- 
Xioxa Xdyatv, ug oi nXiioxoi xal oi navxtg xovxo xal 
%a xoictvxa ngdxxovaw ovxwg, Sg ooixvyzdvet ntnoiri* 
furov. *Av di pi] dvvaxbv tj xovxo delicti, xaiacpsv- 
xxiov inl tag axvxiag, ij xagapagxlag,xalovyyv(uprig 
nugaxiov xvyxdynv, nagaXapfidvovxa xa xoiva Tc5r 
uvd-gtanotv yivbptva nd&t}, di' ay ihoxapt&a tov Zo- 
ytapov. Tavxa d' ioxlv, tqwg, ogyi\> pi&ti , (pdou- 
fdet, xal xa xoxtxoig opoioxgona. To piv ow tlxog 
diet xavx^g trig pt&odov xtxvixmxaxa pixtptv. 
CAPUT VIII. 
Ilagdduypa S* ioxl, ngdUig opoiat ysysvrjpivcu, 
xal bavxlai raig vvv vq? ypoiv Xtyopivaig. Tore di 
Zgtjoxiov aixalg ioxiv, oxs anioxov or to vno oov Zf- 
yoptvov tlvai (pavsgpv noiiqoai &iXug, (ay diit toy 
uxoxog prj 7ii<jT£VT)T(xi, oTio) g nqaliv bpolav kxigav ijj 
vno oov Xsyopivp xaxapa&ovxtg ovtto 7ttngaypivr\v, 
ttg ov <pyg yeysvTi<j&cu, paXXov motivotooi xolg vno 
oov Xsyopivoig. 2.Ehldi ray nagadeiypdxwv dvo 
xgonoi- xayag xay ngaypdxtav ylvtxai xaxa Xoyov, 
ra di nagit Xoyov. IIoiu di xa piv xaxa Xoyov yivo- 
K usva maxtvto&ai, xa di pr\xaxa Xoyov amoxiio&ai. 
Aiyv d* f oXov tf xig qpdaxu t xovg nXovolovg dixaio» 
vigovg tlvai xmy ntvopivwv , xal q>ign xtvag nga$ug 
nXovoitav dvdguy dixaiag* xa piv ovv xotavxa xo>v 

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74 ARISTOTELIS RRETfclt. 

nagadBiyfiaxtav xaxd Xoyov Hvm Sdxu. Tovg yag 
nXeiaxovg iaxlv ideiv vo[il£ovxa$ , , toig nloyxovvxag 
ijvcu dixaioxigovg i&y nevotfivmVi M M tig ndXiv 
anoyalvoixivkg xuv nXovoiuv inl xgtjfiadiv udatij- 
aavxag, tw jiagd to slxbg yeyevrjfiivtp nagadttyftaxi 
Xgdpsvog, anlaxovg av itoitiixo tovg nXovxovvxag. 
*JloavT(ag di xal, ct rig (peQei riagadtiypta twv xati 
Xoyov thai doxovvxtov - diou AaxBdai(ioyt6i note £ 
'AdrivaioiftoXXta nXri&sixg^svoiavfjifidx&v, xarwto- 
Ufir\gav xovg ivavxlovg* xal TtgoxghtH tovg axovov- 
rag noXXoyg ovpfiaxovg noi&o&ai. '3. Tot ph di$ 
xoiavxa nagadelyjuaxa xaxd Xoyov fori*, "kndvxtg 
ydg vopigovoiv ivxoig noXifioig xo 7iX$&&g ovpexotav 
qotttjv e X uv ngbg tfjv vixrjv. JBl di xig dn6<palvscr 
i&ikoi, (irj xovx aVnov rev vixdv, toig nagto xo eixog 
ysysvrifiivoig ngdypaoi x^noatt av nagadsiyjiaai, 
Xiycav • w g ol fiiv 'AdyvjiGi (pvyadtg to ttqojtov fisxa 
mvtyxoria avSguv <PvXiiv xs xaxaXafio+xtg, xal ngbg 
tovg iv cioxsi noXXw nXsiovg ovxdg, xal vvppdxoig 
AaxedatjiovioigxQfopivovg, noXt^aavttg xaxriX&ov 
fig xtjv IdtavnoXiv (fy/Sotoi fit Aaxidai(iovl(ov t xal 
oxt&bv andvxw mXonovvnolw sig thv JBotwxiav 
ipPaXXovtw, fiovoi ntgl xd Aivxxga nagaxaSd/itvo*, 
X7)v slaxtdaifiovlav dvvapiv ivixijoav • -Jimp di 6 2v* 
gaxovoiog peta xgtaxiXliov i'nXvr&v sig Zvgaxovvag 
nXevoag, Aiovvoiov noXXanXaaiov dvraptv txovxa, 
xaxs7ioXsiir}(jBV foavxag di Kogiv&ioi Zvgvxovoioig 
twia xgijgsoi ftorj^aavxsg , Kagxydovtovg btaxbv 
*«< nevxrjxovxa vavol inl xotg Xtftsoix&v ZvgaxoV- 
oitov iyogftwag, T ^ Si n6Xtv~ anaaav nfyv tip 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. VIII. 75 

axgonoXstog txopxag, ovfev ytTOP xaxinoXipnoap* 
2vXXrifttyv ds rail Td xal %i xovxoig ofioia net go, Ao- 
yep ngajpfrfcta tag xaxjk to uxog yipojk&ug ovpPov- 
X&g animovg noteip tfa&g. Jwv pb ovv mtgadtiyfia- 
tw Toiavtri rtg f) qrvoig Aft/. 4% Xgrj&xiov $* avx&v 
hxatiga xgona, oxav flip iffiiig Xiywpev xa naxa Xo- 
yop ytvopspa, tetxpvprag Ag imxoizoXv tovtOv tbv 
xqotiov imxtlovpipag tag nga&ug * ixav di xa nag* 
Xoyov ytvoftevtt, (figovxag i ova naga Xoyov doxovp- 
t« yevso&ai x&p ngayfiatwp tvXoy&g anopepTjxsv. 
"Oxav d* ol ivavrioi Xiywn tovto, xgy Shxpvup, v>g 
wrvx^ftata xavxa awifirf, *«t Xsytiv, oxi at Toiav- 
rmngaUig ir *$ onapita ytyovaaip- otag Si av M- 
yug t noXXaxig, Toig (dp ovv nagafalyfiaoip ovxof 
Zgtjoxwp. "Oxap yi firjp t« naga Xoyop ytpvptva qp&- 
gwjitv, xgri ovvnyuv avxarv on nXnaxa, xal xaiaXi- 
yuv, tog ovdiv fiaXXov ixuva xovtwv sl'ade yivso&ai. 
3* 4u di XQ*ia&*i xolg nagadflyfiaai /ii$ fiovev ix 
xovxwv, aXXa xal ix tap ivavxuop. Aiyw d*, olop 
iav anocpaivTjg nvag rtXeovtxtixug xot-g 0Vfijiax<Hg 
Xqoyfiivovg, xat 8uxXv&uaap ccvtwv xt\v (fiXiav • xal 
Xeyjig' tying di, av i'a<ag xal xoivwg ngbg avxovgngoa- 
ysgtofis&a, txoXvv xgovov xv\v avfifiaxiav <pvXd$ofitv. 
Kal naXtv, av xwag higovg anagaoxsvaoxwg noX$- 
firjoavrag, xal dia tovto xaxanoXtprjidivxag «wo- 
<paivyg, dxa Uyjig* av nagaaxsvaodfisvoi TtfiXtfiwfieP, 
faXxiovg av ntgl xr)g vlxyg rag iXnidag sxoiptv* 
6. JloXXd di Xrjyij nagadttyfaxxa dta r<av ngoysytvii- 
H&iav nga£mv, xal did tm vvv ytvopivwv. Ta yag 
itinera <r«y sgyo>v, xfj pip ofioia, ty 3i avopoia aX? 

Digitized by GoOgle 



76 ARISTOTELJS RHETOR. 

Xylols ioxlp. "flax* did xrjp alxlap xavxyp xa* naqa- 
duypdxmp ev7ioQij{SO{iev, xal xolg vno xSw dXXwv Xt- 
yofiivoig ov zaXtnwg arts gov psy. Twv (Up ovp not- 
qaduyfidxatp xovg t« xqonovg Va/av, xa* mgavxolg 
XQf](JO(J>t$ot, xal o&sp noXXd Xyyope&a. 
CAPUT IX. 

Tfxpygia di ioxip, ooot dv ipapxlag ri itsnqayfii- 
va *$, nzql ov o Xoyog, xal oaa 6 Xoyog avxog iav- 
t$ ipapxiovxai. Tup yaq dxovovxw ol nXiioxoi xolg 
ovfifialvovoi neql toy Xoyop, y xrp nqdhp, ipavxua- 
paoi, xtxpaiqopxai, /rnjdir vyiig ehai pyxa xStp Xsyo- 
fxivooy, pyxe xwp nqaxxopipoip. JloXXa di XiWg tcx- 
fitioia axonmv, fXxe 6 Xoyog xov ipavxiov avtog avxa* 
[xq nqdy paxi\ ipapxiovxai, dxs ig nqatig avxy hav- 
Tit* tw Xoyqt ioxi. Ta piv ovv xexp^qia Toiavxa iaxi, 
xal oviag avxa nXuoxa noiiiaug. 
CAPUT X. 

9 Ev&vptjpaxa di ioxiv ov popov id t<3 Xoyqt nal 
rtj nqd$ bi ipapuovpeva, aXXa xalxolt aXXoig dnaoi* 
XTHI,ri di noXXa ptxiitp, ag iv tw i$txaaxix$ ti'dsi «?- 
qr^xai, xal oxonap, el' nrj o Xoyog kavxn ivavxiovrai, 
tj xa nsnqaypiva xolg dixaioig, ? t# vopq, 1) T($ ovp- 
qtiqovxi, q tw xaX$, ij x$ dvvax$,y x$ qadly, *i xtq 
uxoxi, ?) xHa %&uxov Xiyopxog, ij x$ y&si xwp nqay- 
pdx(op. Ta flip ovv xoiavxa xwp ip&vpripaxaiP xaxa 
xwp iraviiwv ixXrinxiov. 2. Ta d* ivavxia xovxoig 
vniq ypwp avxwp (hi Xiyeir , inoyalvovxag xdg 
ngdZftg rag r\ptxiqag, xal xovg Xoyovg ivapxiovpe- 
vovg xolg ddixoig, xal xolg etpofioig, xal xolg aovfopo* 
Qo*9, xal xolg xwp qcv&qwtiwv twy novr^qSiP rftiGh *«< 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM* CAP. XI. 77 

ovXXrjPdrjy totg poz&figolg vopitofiivoig ilvau AH 
di tovtwv txaota avvayayuv wc ug ftgaxvtata, xcii 
(pqdZnv oxi paXioxa h bXiyoig totg bvopaoi. Ta 
ukv ovv fr&vfitjpaia tovtov tbv tgonov noXXa noiq- 
#o/t ev, xal ovzwg avtotg agiota xgyoope&ot. 
CAPUT XI. 
jydfiri di lor* pb & xsyaXaiio xa&* oltav ray 
ngaypoMav doypatog idiov dyXaoig. Avo de igonoi 
twv yvtop&v &oi • o uev tvdoSog, o ds nagado£og. Otaw 
piv ovv evdo£ov Xiyyg, ovdiv du tag ait lag opigtiv. 
Ovts yag ayvosttat, ovt 9 amatsttai to Xyoptvov. 
"Otav ds nagado^ov Xiyyg, xgv qpgu&iv tug aitiag 
ovvtoptog, Xva tv\v adoXsozictv xal tr)v amotiav o*ta- 
q>vyyg. 2. Aet dstag yvtbpag oixtiag <pigsiv ttov ngay- 
patw, ha pr) oxoiiby xal anr\gtr\pivov yaiviytai to 
Xtyoptvov. JJoXXag ds noiijoopcv avtag i\ i* tr)g 
Idiag cpvoewg, r] i£ vntgPoXijg, rj ix nagopoKooeug. 
At piv ovv ix tr}g Idiag yvowg toialde tivignoi* ovx 
Jvai pot doxst dvvatbv, dsivbv ysvio&ai otgatr^ytv 
ngaypatwv anugov ovta. € JEtiga di iotiv rjde • vovr 
ixovtiov avdgwv ioti, totg t&v 7tgoyeysvrjpivwv rca- 
gadslypadi ^ow/ufiVovs nngaodai diaqpvyiiv tag ix 
ti\g afiovXlag apagtiag. 3 Ex piv ovv t%g idiag qpv- 
osatg totavtag noir\oopiv yvaipag. 3. '.££ imsgpoXfjjg 
oi totdods • deivotsgd wot doxovow ol xXsntovtig tvtv 
XrfiZopiv&v noistv. Ol pev yag Xa&gaiag, ol fl^qpa- 
vtg&g ta xgvp<**<* mguxiQOvrrat. Tag psv ovv IS 
vnegPoXrig yvtopag tbv tgonov tovtov noXXag notr}- 
oopsv. 4. Ai d' exnagofioKootoig toiaids sioiv • ojaoi~ 
btatov fioi doxovoiv ol ta xgW aTa ^ooitgovvteg 

Digitized by GoOgle 



78 AR1&TOTELIS RHETOR. 

roig xag niXstg ngodtdovot notstv. Utoxsv&ivxsg yog 
afjKpoTBQOi xovg ntoxsvoayxag adtxoiioiy. 'Exsga di* 
nvganX^otiy fiot doxovat notsly ol avxidtxot xoTg xv- 
gayyotg* 'JExstvoi xs yag w piv avxol ddtxovoty, ov* 
at-iovM didovat dtxag • wv di toig aXXoig iyxaXovotv, 
arvnsgpX^xjtag TLficogovvjou- Ovxol xs, si piv xt av- 
xol xwv ipw sxovotv, oyx anodidoaatv • si 3d xt iyw 
iqvtm eXa/Joy, xctl avxo xal xovg xoxovg oXortatdsiv 
xojjtlacto&ai. Tytapag piv ovv xov xgonop xovxor 
psxtoyxsg noXXSg noir^aopey. 

caput xa 

2r\puov di ioxt aXXo alXov ov xo xv%ov xov to— 
%6vto$, ovd' anaynavxog, aXXato yssi&topsyoyy[ys^ 
o&at ngo xov ngaypaxog, ij Spa t<£ ngaypaxt, % fec- 
t« to ngjaypa. "JSoxi di otjpsloy xo, xs ysvopsyay pr^ 
ftovov xov ysyopiyov, dXXic xal xov prj ysyopiyov- 
*Jlaavxng di xal to prj ysyovog ov povovxov prj error, 
aXXa xctl xov ovxog. 2- Hotel di x&y <jr}peim> xo pk» 
ofso&at, to di sidivat, KaXXioxoy di xo sidiyat ttoiovv 
dsvxsgoy di to do£ay nt&avt»xax%y &gya£opsvov* 
3. IloXXi di notrjoopsy otjpsl» avXX^drjy dusty i$ 
ixioxov x&v nsngaypsvwy, xal Xsyopivw, xal opco- 
psytov, xa& sy txaoxoy Xapfiavovxsg, «x xs xov psyd— 
&ovg, xal xrjg aptxgoxrjxog x&y anopatvovx&y xaxotv 
ij ayadwv. "Ext di in xa» pagrvgovpsywy, xa* ix 
x&y ovpnagiyxmy rifiir, ij xdlg ivayxiotg, xatt£avxa>v 
ixsivwv, xal ix x&y txgoxXijos<»y, xal ix x&y xgovwv, 
xal 4£ aXXav noXX<a.v. Tutv piv ovv oypefoy ivxtv- 
&sy tvnogqoousv* 



d by Google 



AD ALBXAM>RL(M. CAP. XIII. 70 
CAPUT XUh 

"&*7X°$ & &FT4. phf 5 /ill dvvatoy ix Mug fair, 

iti ovtus, ag ^iug Xiyopw. Aa^aynai di ix Twy 

<pv<sti avayxaiw, w$ n^ug Xiyo^ty, ij o anddyenr * 

xal ix tup xara amcnr dvy*Twr ij advy ditty, vg ol 

iyaviioi Xiyovoi. 2. Rata yvow piy ovv dvayxaioy 

ivTtv ' oloy fvg &viug onion? duo&a*, xal ia tow- 

ioig choice, *Jlg d* ijj*«fe Xiyopsy tony arayxouoy, 

iovg jiepvortyoiniyovg opeXoyuy, an$g oi ficHrnyovy- 

ng xbXsvovoi. Kaia <pva*y di niXiy ddvyatdy iou, 

ncuddgwy fuxqby xXiymi Toaovtoy aqyvqwy, oloy pr\ 

dwaxov xpiguv, xal ofyto&ai tovto yiqov * &g d' ay 

o fr&rtlog Xiyoi, saaa*. advyaroy, iy (pdoxy p&, iv 

XQoyoig Tigly "A&rjvyc* no^oao^m to ovppoXaioy • 

ypsig d* ffcopw &**$££«* *oig axovovoiy, wr xata 

rovg tots xaiqeiig antdyfiovpey iy ktiqa noXu tiW. 

Tovg psy ovy $Xiy%ovg ix Tommy, xal ix T&y TovToig 

opoioTQOTuay nomaopt&a. 2vXXy(ldip> di Tag 45 au- 

tqv tov Xcyov, xal Ttav nqdStay, xal Tiny *v&qmtiwv 

ntazsig analog duXipLv&apsy. ^xsyvfis&a di xal, 

tI aXXJfXwy diaysQovotv. 

CAPUT XIV. 
To pb Tobvv uxog tov naQadtfyfiatog TavTp 
dietqpegei' dioTi tov fiiy ilxotog t%ovQvy avtol oi 
dxovovrsgery&tay* t« di naQathiypaia xal ix tg>v 
ivayrioav, xal ix t&v opoiwv, (pigsty iarl. Ta di iex- 
riqioi (aqvov ix Tijv nsol Toy Xoyov xal Tip noaZw 
ivayxl&v (jvvtl&tTeu. Kal fiyy iy&vpnpiria ?* TC *~ 
\ir\qlov Tavxr\v t^v dia<f>QQOtr taxrixev, ot* to pty ***- 
Motor utql tov Xoyoy xal tt\v note* ivayrlmig iv*i' 

Digitized by GoOgle 



80 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR 

xb 3" b&vpripctxalxag aXXagld&ag ivavxuboeig iUU 
Xriysv ijxaldiaxb, toper xexpygiov ovx i<p t\piv 
elvai, Xapfiaveiv, aV pr\ negl xa ngaypaxa xa* xovg 
Xoyovg havximolg tig vnagxjl * ™ &' ivdvpqpa noX- 
Xaxo&ev otiv xe nooi&a&ai tolg Xiyovat. rv&pai d 
iv&vpr}pax<ov dtayigovmv, y xa pev Iv&vpfipaxa po- 
vov ix xwv ivammoeoiv avyxeivxar tag ds yvtapag xal 
pexa xZv bavxu&aeonv, xal anXwg avtag xa& lav- 
xas 8vvaxovioxi> ipq>avRew. To, 8e arjpeta tar yy©>- 
pav xal x&v ngoeigrjpivay anavxwv xavxy diaipigov- 
oiv, oxi xapevaXXa navxa oXrioivipnoiuxoT,gaxovov- 
olV x&v ds arjpslojy svia, xal oacptog ddevat notrjoei 
tovg xglvovxag • xal dioxt, xwv ph kxigatv ovx eoxiv 
, avxovg nogloaa&ai xa nXeioxa* xwv be aripsUw noX- 
Xit Qadiag iatl noirjoao&at,. KalpnvsXsyxogaqpsiov 
tavxr\ dicccpiyUy dioxt x&v pay oripdtov evia povov o?«- 
o&ai noiii tovg axovovxag* eXeyxog denag tip a£ij- 
&tiav Sidaoxei tovg xglvovxag. * Slate tag pev twv 
Xoytov xal t&v nga$ewv nioxeig, olalti eioi, xal ofrev 
aixtav evnogrjoopev , xal tlvi aXXrjXwv diayegovoiv, 
ix xmv ngoeigripevQJvVopev. 2. Tav 8* im&exoav ixa- 
oxyv naXiv dieX&mpev. C H ph ovv do$a xov Uyovxog 
ioti, to tr\v avxov diavoia* ip<pavt£siv xaxa xmy 
ngaypaxoav. Aei 6* epnugov anocpalveiv iavtbv, negl 
&v av Xiyoi, xal iTtideixvvvai, wg ovpyigei [ooij xa- 
Xri&rj Xiyeiv negl tovtoiv. Tcv $* avxtXiyovxa, pa- 
Xlotcc deixvvvai prjdepiav ipneigiav exovxa TOV & av ~ 
xlov, negl oov anotpaivexar xqv xe do$av opoiwg* Jt* 
8e tov jo pv\ dvvaxbv tj f deixxiov, atg xal oi tpneigot 
noXXdmq iSapctgruvovatv. "Av di xovxo pr] &o*i/^Ta* 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XV. 81 

Xtyttv, dtg davf4q?ogoy icrti tdig havrioig tdXrj&rj nf.gl 
tovnay thttiv. TaTg fm> ow do£aig tov U/onog ov- 
tw xQ r l (T °f l #&< x > xal airtol dnoyaivbptyoi, xal htgoig 
avtiXsyovrtg. 

caput xy. 

Magtvgia di iaxtv bpoXoyla ovyttdoTog ixovrL 
*Avayxal,ov &*, tlvai to pagTvgovfityoy ij mdayby, rj 
dni&avoy, ij apcpiftoXov ngbg nioxiv. 'jloavTwg di 
xal, tov fidgxvga moToy , r] itmotov , rj dpcpidoSov. 
% w Otav phovv to (tagTvgovfieyov jj m&avby, xal 6 
pdgTvg aXrj&tybg, ovdiv dioviai at fiagxvglat imlo- 
yw, lay firj ^ovXtj yvtopr\v rj iv&vf.ir]fia uvvTOfiajg 
tlnuv tov aoislov htxtv. "Oray di vnomtvr}Tai o 
fiagxvg, dnodtixyvtiy dtl, Sag ovtb x**giTog tvixty, ou- 
ts Ti/Mogiag, rj xigdovg, 6 to*ovto$ ay ia tpevdri (tagTV- 
grjutie. Ju di xal diddaxuv , oxi ov avpyigu to 
yjtvdog pagTvgtiv. Ai piv ydg cbyiXsiat fiixgai • to 
<T i£tXtyx&r)vai /aAeTroV. rvao&ivja d* ov fxcvoy 
tig agyvgiov oi vopoi £ti(*iovoiv, aXXd xal tig doSay, 
xal fig amorlotv. Tovg piv ovy pagivgag ovtw jw- 
axovg noifjoofity. 3. 'AvtiXiyovtag di pagrvgiq dti 
toy JQonov tov pdgxvgog diafldXXuy, dv r\ noyrjgog' 
r\ to (uagTVQovpwov i$eTct£eiv, ay dni&ayov Tvyxdvrjt 
r) xal ovyafjKpotigoig tovtoig avrtXiyuv, ovvdyovra 
tot (pavXojara iwy bmvxitov tig xavTo, Sxtmiov dk 
xal, tl epilog iotly o fidgxvg, ta pagTvgti, rj tl jictc- 
arvy avttp no&ev tov ngdypaTog, r) ix&gog iotiv, ov 
xarafiagtvgti, rj niyrig. Tovttav yag ol piv dia x*~ 
gvy, ol Si did Tifaaglav, oi di did xigdog vnomtvoy- 
%ai id ytvdri fiagcvguv. Kal xbv xwy <ptvbo t uagTV- 
Aaisr. Rhetor. ^ 

Digitized by L.OOgle 



82 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

giZv vopov inl xovxoig Te&eixivou ytjoopsv tor vopo- 
^itr^v. "Axoitov ovv elvat, tov vo/io&ixov toig pdg~ 

TWH (IT} mOTSVOClVTOS, tOtfg XQtVOVTttQ TtlOXtVHV aVXOlg 

xaxd xovg vopovg xgivuv ofjuopoxoxag. Tovg p&v 
ovv fidgtvgag ovxwg dm&dvovg noirjoofjiev. 4-*^(rr* 
de xal xXinxsiv tip fiagxvglav jgonco xoiwds* paQxv- 
qtjoov pot, <*> Avowing. Ma tovg &eovg ovxovv eya- 
ys m xtaXvovxog ydg iuov, xavxa engager ovxog. Kal 
dtd xovxo iv anocpdou ysvdopagxvgriGag, yevdopag- 
rvgog dixy* ovx vq>e£u, Toiyagovv, oxav (isv rjfup 
ov^Kfsgj] xXinxsiv t%v pagxvgiav , ovxtag avxjy xgii- 
oope&a. *E«v Si oi ivavxiot xoiovxov xi noir^aamv, 
itMpanovpev ttjv xaxonouav altar, xal avyygaipafii- 
vovg [lagtvguv xeXtvoonev. Magxvoi phv ovv xal 
pagrvgiaig ix toixwv Vofjisv ag del xgyoaG&ai. 
CAPUT XVI. 
JBaoavog Si iaxi /usV ofioXoyia nsgl owtiSoxog, 
axovxog Sir "Oxav fih ovv ovfiyigt} rjfuv noiuv ot/- 
xyv ioxvgav, Xtxxiov, ug o% ye idi&txai mgl xw> onov- 
Saioxdxav, xal ai noXug nsgl xwv ixsyioxwv, ix /?a- 
oavav jag nlaxug Xa^dvovoi, xal Sioxi ntoxoxsgor 
iaxi fidaavog pagxigw. Tdlg (iiv ydg ixdgxvob avp- 
cpigu noXXdxig ysvoao&ai • roig Ss {5aoavi£onivoi$ 
XvoixeXti xdXy&fj Xiysiv. Ovx& ydg navaovxai taxi- 
oxa ti} g xaxona&slag, 2. "Oxav .Si povXy tag (iaod- 
vovg dnloxovg notuv, ngatxov fiiv Xsxxiov, ig oi /?a- 
oavi£6/i6voi xotg ixSiSovoi noXipioi ylvovxai, xal Sid 
xovxo noXXol twv Seonoxwv xaxaipEvSovxai. i £nsid ? , 
oil noXXdxig xotg paoavi^ovoiv opoXoyovoiv ov tag 
"Xrj&dctg t Xv ag xd^iota tiov xax&v navvavxai. Au- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XVII. 83 

xxiov 8* St* xal tor iXiv&igtay noXXol rjdri /S«e<mJo- 
pevot xa&* kavjwy tytvaavjo, ftovXofuvoiTTjv Tiagccv- 
tlxa xaxond&eiav dxqtvyuv* "Jlors noXv pdXXov «{/- 
Xoyov, tovg dovXovg ytvoapbovg xatd twv dtoirotiop 
(lovXco&ai tijv avjotv tifi&Qiar ixcpvynr, i) noXXag 
xaxona&uag tdig otopeun xal talg ipvxaig VKopu* 
rarteg, Xw eisQOi fi^b ndd-taaw , avtql fiovXsoxtai py 
ytvfiog nniiv. Tag fib ovv (taodrovg ix rwv toiov- 
twv xal tap tovtoig ofioiOTQonwy m&avdg xaldmdd- 
tovg xataotiioofiBP. 

CAPUT xvn % 

"Ogxog di &m fistd ddag naoaXfjipMQ cpdoig avot- 
nodnxTog. Jit d', avtov otav fib avUw t&iXwfitv, 
Xiyuv ovTug ' ovdslg liv tmoQxtiv fioyXono, g>o/?oi//ia- 
vog ttjv t« naqa t»v &mr tificoQlar, xal tyv naqa 
totg dpd-qdnoig aloxvvw xal distiivai, ott tovg fib 
uv&q&novg Xa&siv ioti, tovg de -frsovg ovx ferny. 
°Otap di oi ivavtioi xatayvywotv elg oqxov, xal ftov- 
X(6(it&a fifiHgtansivovv avtov, dnxtiov, tagxSip avtw 
tifiiv uvd-QWTnav, xa novr^qk nqdxxupxal fi\\ xpqovxi£up 
inioqxovvxag. "Ooxig ydq xaxovqyav ol'ercu Xav&d- 
vuv tovg &eovg, ovtog ovdi imogxwy xifiwqlag oltxa* 
tevSbo&ccl. Kal ttbqI fib xwp oqxtav iuoioxgoiuog 
roig nqouqi\fiboig fiexiovteg, Xiystv sinogfioofitv vnsq 
aviwp. 2. ZvXXyfUdTiv de xdgndoag nlotsig r\dri, xa- 
•frdnzq V7if gs&ifis&a, duUXqlvdapiv xal SedriXfoxa- 
fisv, oi fiovov %p kxdoxrj avxtov dvvafiiv eoxyxw, ctl- 
Xd xal tl dXXyXm diayiqovoi, xal nag avxaXgxqn- 
otiov. Nvv d' vmq wv vnoXolnuv, a wv xqiuv «*- 

F2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



84 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

flow i<m, xal nagd ndvtag tovg Xoyovg XIPIPH** yivt- 
%ai, diddaxetv kju%iiqii<sonzv. 

CAPUT XVIlf. 3 
HgoxaxdXr\x\ng fdv ovv £<jti>, df tjg rd te twv 
dxovovxtav imTifjujfiotTot, xal xovg twv avxiXiyuv peX- 
Xovxtov Xoyovg ngoxaTaXapfidvovxtg, ins^aigrjoofiiv 
tag imq>SQOfiivag dvax^gtlag. 2. Kal tag ph xatv 
dxovovx<ov imTiprjaug cods xQ*i ngoxaxaXafi(}dvHV 
i'aag ds xivsg ypwv -d-avfid&votv, oxi viog cuV, ovxoa 
Ttsgl fisydXav ngayfidxcov inexslgrjoadriijirjyogeiv. Kal 
ndXiv firjdelg dnavxrjot] fioidvoxoXog, ore fxiXXco ovfi- 
ftovXsvuv vfitv, nsgl av oxvovai xivsg aXXoi naggy- 
oid&o&ou ngbg vfidg. Ilsgl fisv ovv xcov fisXXovxar 
dvoxtgalvso&ai xoig dxovovatv, oi'ico dst ngoxataXafi- 
(lavovxa (pigsty aixiag, nag 3 ag og&wg noiuv doSsig 
ov{ifiovlevb)v, dsixvvvxa ti\v (grjfilav twv Xsyovxwv, to 
fiiys&og x<ov xivdvrwv, ?] to tco xoivw ovpMpigov, 7} dX- 
Xrjv xotavxrjv alxiav, di* tig Xvasig xyv ihiqpsgofisvTif 
dvoxigsiav*. "Av ds fiqdev r\xxov &ogvj5aatv oi dxovov- 
jsg, xgv Xiystv avvxofioog, % wg ivyvtafirjg, rj ag iv&v- 
fjirjfieiTog 0XVf JtaTV ' & 10 ndvxwv axomaxaxov iaxtv, 
qxstv fib wg nsQi xSrv ngayfidxav ftovXevoofiivovg rot 
xgdxiaxa • vvv dsfiij ^ovXofibovg dxovetvxwp Xsyovxwv 
oXeo&at xaXwg av ftovXsvoao&at. KalndXtv* cmxa- 
Xov ear iv, tj aixovg dvioxafibovg av^/SovXsvstv^ ^ twv 
avfx/SovXsvovxcjy dxovaavxag, dnsg dv avxotg doxjj, 
Xstgoxovslv, °Ev fib ovv xtxlg drjfirjyoglfxtg uvtw xal 
*aig ngoxaxaXrjifjeot xgyoxiov , xal xoig &ogvfioig 
ctnavxriTdov. 3. 3 Ev ds xalg dtxaioXoyiaig ngoxa- 
KxXrupofis&a fib ofioioxgonug xolg ngoHgrjjjivoig. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XVIII. 85 

'AjrarrijiJOfiiP di toig &ogv/3oig, iav piv iv aqxat; yl- 
vtarxa* twv X6y(ov, oidi nag* ovx a'Xoyov ovv iauv, 
toy ftiv vofio-d-itfjv ngootdSai, dvo Xoyovg rior dvn- 
dixtov bcdaxw dnodovvai* tovg di dixdCovtag Vfiag 
ofHopoxivai xaxa toy vopov xqLvuv, tlta fiijdi toy hu 
Xoyov dxovacu /3ovXto&ai; xal ixeivov piv vfiStv to- 
oavxrjv nqovoiav *x uv > ontag axovaavxtg ndvtuv t&v 
leyofAEVtov svoqxwq &riaso&6 tip y/tjgpov • ipdg di ti*- 
gl tovttav ovtatg oktywgcjg ix uv > Sore /uiJts tag dgxag 
avxdg vjiofitivavxag twv Xoyatv, ydy vopi&ivdxoipwg 
anavta yivwoxeivf xal aXXtag • nag ovx aXoyov iuu t 
toy piv vofio&ixrjv ta$ai,.t(av iptjqpmv la cop yivopivm', 
toy tpsvyovia vixqiv i/idg 5i ovnogivavxiatg ywaxjxuv 
mgl tovxojv, dig firjdi aJioXoyovfiivwv xoiv diaj3t/!$Xr}- 
fdevavaxovsiv; xdxuvov fiiv, did to fiaXXov xivdvvtvtty 
tovg q>tvyovtag, dnovtlfiai tavxr^y rrjYTtXeovsSlav av~ 
toig iv taig iptjq>oig • ifidg di tdig uiv dxivdvvag xa- 
ttjyoQOvai fir} yiXovuxiiv, tovg di fista cpoftwv xal xiv- 
dvvfov 7i eqI tdv xatTiyoqovfiwwy anoXoyovftivovg, ug 
&OQvfiovytag ixnXr^xzuy ; *Eav fxiv ovv iv aQ%alg oi 
doovfiot, yivwvxai, tovxov tovtgonoy avxoXg anavxr^ 
tiov, 3 £av di ngoslrjXv&oxog tov Xoyov &oovp&oiv, 
iav fiiv oXlyoi tiyig tovxo noiwoiv, imxifitixiov toig 
S-oovfiovoi, xal ngog avxovg Xexxiov, ott dlxaioy vvv 
fiiy avxovg dxovetv ioxlv, c iva pi] xcolwwoi tovg aA- 
Xovg bo&(og dixdtuv. *Endv di dxovocooi, tots noitiv, 
o ti ay i&iXaoiv. *Eav di to nXr\&og doovfiji, pq 
toig xoivovoiv, dXXa oavt$ ininX^oy. To piv yao 
ixeivoig imtipav ogyr^v igyd&tai • to di oavxy im- 
nXfcai, xal Xiyuv ripaqx^ivai ovyyvupw ™"'} ae * 

Digitized by GoOgle 



86 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

rvx&v. det ds x «* dslo&oti r&v xpetTToyou?, evptvwg 
avxovg axovoat rov Xoyov, xalnegl wv uiXXovai 
xgvfldqv ri\v yycpov q>igsiv, fjdij ryv dtdvoiax. (pavegav 
ri&so&ai. 2vXXrifidr]v dk roig xtogvfioig anavrqao- 
psv xeyaXcuwdtog 1} yvwpaig, ytv&vfirjpaoi, deixvvvreg 
rovg &ogvftovvrag iy roig dixaloig, 1} i6ig vopoig, % 
t$ ovpyigovu rrjg noXscog, rj t$ xcdai bavrtovpivovg* 
ix yag rmv rotovtmv iorlv on paXuna navaav rovg 
dxovovrag &ogv($ovvrag. Ttfig pev ovv ngbg rovg 
uxgoarag ngoxaraX^ipeoiv wg del XQy<*& tt h *«* oncog 
rotg &ogvftoig dnavrrjrsov , ix rS>v ngoeigrjpivtav 
i'apev. 4. Ta di vnb rdv avrayu>vior<ov inidota Xeys~ 
o&ai ndXw , tag del ngoxaraXapBavew, imodeiSw 
I'aag ovv odvgeirai avtov neviav, r,g ovx iyw, &XX o 
rovrov rg&nog vnalziog tarat • xal naXiv • nvvdavo- 
iter* avrbv rode xal rode peXXuv Xiyeiv. *Ev piv ovv 
rotg ngbregov Xoyoig ovra del rot enidola Xiyeod-ai 
vnb r&v ivavritov ngoxaraXap/Sdvovra diaXveiv, xal 
ixo&svti noteiv. .Kal yag xav ndvv lax v got rj rot ngo- 
diafoftXripiva, ovx cpolutg qpalvrtai peydXa rdtg %dr} 
ngoaxrjxoootv. 5. 'Eav dk rovg vorigovg Xo- 
yovg %x(opev, xal oi ivavxioi ngoxaretXijqporeg (ooiv, oz 
piXXopsv Xiyeiv, dvringoxaraXfjTiriov iorlv avra, Xvov- 
ra rbvde rbv rgonov* ovrog d* oi povov pov xare- 
yjevorai noXXa ngbg vpag, dXXa xal aoi(fojg eidwg, on 
4$eXiy$(o avrbv, ngoxariXapi pov rbv Xoyov xal ngo~ 
diifiaXev, %v vpeig prj bpoiag avi$ ngooix^Jts, fj 1/(5 
prj 6i7i(o ngbg vpag avrov, diet rb dtaoeovg&ai nqi- 
itQov vjtb rovrov, 'Eyn d 3 olpai, dtXv rovg ipovq 
Xoyovgnag ipov nvvddveo&ai vpag, aXXbt py naga 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XIX. 87 

xovxov. El di xal xav&* ovxog ngoduavgs Uyttv, 
a g>fjfju ov fiixga orjjuna tlvat xov fiydir iydg xovxoy 
Xiyuv. KizQfiTcu di xal JKvQinldrjg h *PtXoxxTjj7j 
ttxvtu&g xovxta xto etdei diet xovds* 

Ai%M d ' iy&, xav fiov dia<p-&tigag floxj| 
JLoyovg, vntxoxag avxbg rjdixrjxiyai • 
*AX£ it ifiov yao xa/ia (ia&qotai xXvmp • 
*0 f avxbg avxby ifupavl&i ootXeyioy. 
xaig [ib ovy ngoxaxaX^toiy coc du xgr^o^aixalnqbg 
xovgxgixag, xal nqbg xovg havxlov^, fofi$ydtaxovx(oy* 
CAPUT XIX. 
Alxr^fiaxa di ioxiy h toig toying, a naoa xaty 
axovovxwy oi Xiyovxeg alxovvxai. Tovxwr d* £oxl xa 
fih adtxec, xa di dlxaia. Aixaiov fih ovy Am To t« 
noootyw *olg Uyofibo^g aixtio&ai, xal (itt tvyoiag 
axovsiv. Jixaiov di xal xb xaxa roi$ yopovg avrn 
6oT)&tjoai, xal xb firjdiv naoa xovg vopovg yrjfpioa- 
«&ai, xal xb xdig axvxtjftaoi ovyyrfoprjy c/mj'. *Eay 
fih 7/ naoa xovg vofiovg, adixoy ' iav di prj, dtxaioy, 
Ta piy ovy aixypaxa xavxa ioxi. JiBiXope&a d' av- 
ToJy jag dia<pogag, <r tldoxtg xo xi dtxaioy xal xb 
adixoy, XQuptda xaxa tbyxaigby, xalfirj Xay&ay<aoiy 
rjfiag ol ivavxioi, adixov xi alxovyxtg xovg dixa£oyxag» 
Hal nsgl [iiy xovray ix x&y tigrjfihtay ovx ayvovi- 

OO/dSV. 

CAPUT XX. 

JlaXiXXoyla di eoxi fih ovyxofiog avapy^oig * du 
di avxtj xQTjO'd'ai xal nsgl xtbv fitgwv xal itBolxtav oXtav 
Xoywv tag xtXevxetg. IlaXiXXoyrioopsv di iv x*g>a- 
Xalotg, n duxXoygoptyoi, j) ngoaigovfisvot, ^ ngoot- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



88 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

gaxZyxtg, ij anolopSofievoi. z/e/£oo de avrwv olov 
txaaxov iaxi, 2. To pay ow diaXoyl&o&ou xoiovtie 
xi iaxiv • aitoojo d' tyatyz, xi ay inoifjoay ovxoi, ti prj 
opavegol fiev yoay ryicig ngoxtgov iyxaxaXsXomoxtg, 
ityXiyxoyxo ^* & 1 * **?* noXtv rj/i&p oxgaxevaavxsg, 
ovdiy ds nwnoie, my wpoXoyrjxaoi, noirjoavng. To 
fiiy ovv diaXoyi&o&ai xoiovxov iaxi. 3. To de ctno- 
Xoyi&o&ai xoiovxov anddsitad', avxovg diaXvo avxag 

TTQOlEQOVg XTJV OVflflCtxiotV, *«* Ttg&XOV 4m&B[liV0VS 

Tjfiiv, oxs ngbg jlaxstiaifioviovg inoXefiovpsv, xal pa- 
Xioxa onovdaoayxag 4%aydga7iodioao&ai xr\v nbXvy 
flfiiov. Tofikvovv anoXoyi&o&ai xoioydt soil. 4. To 
d' 4x ngoaigioswg ayafiifivrjOxBiy xoiovde • fr&Vfiu- 
o&m 6i dti, oxi ovfApiprjXBy *\\Civ t i\ oxov xijv (piXiav 
ngbg xovxovg ijioirioafit&ct, fitfdinoxs xaxby vnb xw 
noXefilwv na&tiv. Borfoqouvxtg yag T^iiv noXXdxig, 
ixdXvoav Aaxedatfiovlovg xr\y /co^ay ^uoov dicc(p&u- 
(>«*' XQW aTa &* noXXa xal vvv (pigoyxBf diaxeXovow. 
£x ngoaigioBtag fxiv ovxmg ava\ivf\oo\iBV, 5. E\ km- 
' QtoiTjOswg di xovde xbv xgonov xfimg .d' ay avxwv 
nv&oifiriv, diet xi xdg awxa$ug rjfuv ovx anodidoa- 
oiy ,- ovde yag, a>g anogovoivf tiniiv av xoXfjirjoaiBv, 
oV xooavxa XQW<*Ta xa& exaoxoy iyiavxbv ix xyg 
Xwgotg i7iidei,xvvoyxai Xappdyew , ovo*' Sv <pi)0(ooiv 
tig xrjv xyg noXewg dioixijoiy noXXa Sanavdy, Ilav- 
xtXwg yag eXaxioxa xdty yrjauox&v dyaXiaxovxtg (paly 
voyxai. Ex fiiv ovv intguxrjacuig ovxto naXiXXoyr^oofiBPm 
CAPUT XXI. % 

Eigtavda 8i iaxi, Xiyuv t* ngoanoiovfJiBvoy fit} A«- 
yuv, y iv xolg ivavxioig ovopaoi xa ngaypaxa ngoa- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XX11. 89 

ayoQtvtiv. JEXrj 6' up avxr^g xooxfipa xoiovxop, ivry 
nsgl xwv UQT)uevcov ovpxopotg dpapipprjoxup • ovd' ap 
£' olfiai dup Xiytip, on ovxot pip oi qpdoxopxtg nol- 
Xd aya&d mitoirixhat, nXclotov (paipopxat xi t p nokip 
ixxsxaxovgyrjxoxeg • fjptig d\ ovg ovxol yaotP axaol- 
axovg tlvat, xovxoig xs notXdxig /Sorj&ijoapxtg, xal 
xovg aXXovg ovdip ddixovpxtg. To pip ovp iv nooa- 
noirjoei nagaXsiiftstag Xtyopxa ovpxopwg apapifiprj- 
oxhv xoiolxov iaxi. 2. To 6 iv xolg ivapxioig opo- 
paot noooayooevup xa nodypaxa ndXip xoiovxop 
iaxiv • ovxoi pip oi /oijaio* noXXa <paivopxai xovg 
ovppdxovg xaxd mnoirixoxtg • ypiig d ' oi (pavXoi 
aya&top avxoig ai'rioi xaxaordpxtg. Aid xovxiap flip 
ovp ovpxopwg apapipprjoxovxtg xaXg naXiXXoyiotig 
ygrjoopt&a xal mgl x&p pegiop xal nigl xStp oXtav Xo- 
yw xag xtXevxdg. 

CAPUT XXII. 
*Ofrtp di iaxip aoxua Xiyup, xal xa pyxy t<Sj» 
Xoywv noieiv, oncag ap xtg i&dXpi, xovxo diiStptr ita- 
Xip. ^Aaxtia pip ovp Xiyup ix xovxov xovxonov ioxtp* 
oiop xa iv&vp^paxa Xiyopxag oXa, rj ijpiov, wow xo 
ijpiov avxovg vnoXapfidpsip xovg dxovopxag. An di 
xal yvwpag avpnagaXapfidvtiP. Xgr\ di xpvxtap xa- 
xa ndvxa xa pigrj ovyxaxaXiyup diaXXaxxovxa xovq 
Xoyovg, xal pridinotB opotov ug xo avxb noXXa Tt- 
■&ivxa • xal ovxcag 6 Xoyog doxttog (pavuxai. 2. Mq- 
• xvvuv di xovg Xoyovg (lovXoptvop del ptgi£uv to ngay- 
pa, xal tv kxdoxoj pigti xd ivopxa, old xi ioxip xr\p 
q>voiv, diddoxup, xal tjjv xgrjoiv xal Idia xal xoiptj, 
xal xag ngotpdoHg avxwv ixdir}yeio&ai. A* ds xat 

Digitized by GoOgle 



30 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

txi (jiaxgoxsgop i&sX^aofisp xop Xbyop noislp, ds? noX- 
Xoig ovofiaai nsgl hxdaxov xgrjo&ai, Xg^j ds nag a 
pfgog sxaoxop xov Xoyov naXiXXoyslp, xal %\p na- 
XdXoylap ovvropovjioit'io&ai. *Ep ds xfj xsXsvxjj xov 
Xoyov xavxa, nsgl<orxa& erexaoxopsl'gTjxag, d&goa 
ovpxi&spai, xal nsgl oXtop xStP ngaypdxtap Xiysip. 
Tovxop fisp ovp top xgonop firjxog Qovoip oi Xoyoi* 
3. BgaxvXoysiP 8& /HovXopsvop, SXop to ngay/ia kvl 
opopaxi nsgiXotfipdrsir, xal xovxw, oapvndgxy pgot- 
Xvxaxor Toi ngdy/iaxu Xgy ds xal avpdsa/iovg 6A/- 
yovg noisip, xd nXslaxa ds £svypvvai • orofid£sip per 
ovxto, xjj 5s Xs$u tig dvo xgyo&uh *«* naXMoyiar 
xrjp ovPTOfiop ix tup (iegwp ayaigslp, ipdsxalg xtXev- 
talg fiopov naXiXXoyslp. Kal xovxop ph top xgo- 
nop (igaxiig xovg Xoyovg noiqaopsp. 4. *Eap ds fiovXy 
piotog Xtyup, xd psyioxa xwp fisgwp ixXiytop, nsgl 
xovxmp nomo&ou xovg Xoyovg. Xgrj ds xal xolg opo- 
fittot xolg fxsooig xgvo&ai,, xal firjfts xolg paxgoxaxoig, 
(itjxs xolg Pgaxvxdxoig, firjxsnoXXo'ig nsgl ys kpog, aX- 
Xd fisxgloig, Xgr\ ds xal xovg imXoyovg in x&p drd 
fiioor jisgtop pyxs nmpxsXwg igaigslp, pyxs ndai xolg 
fiigsaip inwpigsw iX£ ansg uv (xaXioxa (tovXy xa- 
xavoijoou xovg ixovopxag, inl xovxtop pdXioxa na- 
XdXoynv inl xtj xsXsvxjj. ~ Ta fusp ovp fiijxri xwr Xo- 
ytap ix xovjmp noitjoofisr, rjvlxa av i&iXoafjisp. 5. Ap 
ds daxuop ygdtpsip -friXyg Xoyop, naga<pvXaxxe wg 
(idXwxa, ontog xd y&i] x$>p Xoytap ofioiovp xolg dp- 
d-gtonoig dvpyoTj. Tovxo ds noiyosig, iap im&sagyg 
xa (AsydXa xwp tj&wr, xal xd dxgiflrj, xal xd fisxgia. 
Flsgtfiiy ovp xovxtop ipxsv&sp ovx dyporjostg. Iltgtde 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XXIII. 91 

Uopaxwv ow&iatatg dyXmooptv. Kal yig xovxo to>* 
uvayxaiav iaxi. 

CAPUT XXIIL 

Hgwtov piv ovw xgonoi ovopdxmv tial xgt7g f 
anXovg, jjovvfrtxog, rj ptxayigtw. € Jloa vnog xal aw- 
&iatig xgtig • pla piv tig qHovtjtvxa xtktvxijtv xaic ovX- 
Xaflaig, xal dnb cpoivrjtvxog agxto&ai' dtviiga di dno 
dqxavov agldptvov tig acfxavov xsXevxav • xghrj di xa 
aqpoava ngbg xa <pavrjtvxa ovvdtiv. - Taltig di xio- 
aagtg • pia pb xa Spout x&v bvopaxtav t} nagdXXijXa 
n&ivou, rj dwontlgtiv • SlXy di toig avxolg ovopaoi 
XQ*l<J&cti, ij ptxa^aXXtiv tig txtga • xglxrj dibit} noX- 
Xolg ovopaoi xb ngaypa ngouayogtvtiv xtxdgxjj di 
11^? tot ngax&bxa bvopd&iv, ij vntgfiipditiv. "Ontag 
di xaXXioir^v no it) o si g xr\v igpi\vtlav, vvv drjXtiooptv. 
CAPUT XXIV. 

Ugaxov pb ovv tig dvo igpyvtveiv , tlxa occcpwg 
Set Xiytiv. 2x*lpom* di ioxi xov tig dvo Xiytiv xddv 
%v piv, Sxi avxbg dvvaxai xal xovxo xal txtgov dtv- 
xtgov di, oxi ovxog ov dvvaxai, txtgog di dvvaxai* 
xgixov di, oxi ovxog xal xovxo xal, txtgov dvvaxai* 
xixagxov di, oxi ovx avxbg ov&* ixtgog dvvaxai* 
nipnxov di,oxi avxbg pi* dvvaxai, txtgog di ov dvvaxai* 
txxov di, oxtaixbgpiv txtgov dvvaxai, ixtivog di ov dv- 
vaxai txtgov. %°Exaaxov di xovxatv inl xwvdt vHwpiJ- 
otig. ''Oxi piv ydq avxbg dvvaxai xal xovxo xal txtgov, 
xoiovdt iaxlv * iyat di ov pbvov xovxwv ai'xiog vpliv iyt- 
vopijv,dXXa xal Tipo&tov piXXovxaoxgaxtvtiv iq> vpdg 
ditxtoXvaa. "Oxi di ovxog piv ov dvvaxai, ixtgog di 
dvvaxai^ xoiovdt* avxbg piv ovv ddvvdxwg txti ngt- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



92 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

ofievtiv vnig fjpwv • ovxog di qplXog ioxl xrj noXu xm 
2nagxiax(av, xal fiaXiax av dvvtj&eiri nga$ai, a /?ou- 
Xeo&e. To di oti ovTog xal xovxo xal hsgov dvva- 
xai, xoiovde ' ov (xovov di iv xoig noXipoig svgwaxov 
avibv Tzagioxw, alka xal (lovXmoao&ai xtov noXi- 
xwv ovx tfxioxa dvvaxai. To di ok ovt avxbg ov&* 
i'ttgog dvraxai, xoiovde • ovt av avxbg dvvrf&tj , oXi- 
yr\v dvvafiiv tyta*, xaxanoXsfirjoai xovg ivavxlovg, 
ovt aXXog ovdslg xav noXixtav. To di, ou ixeivog 
fitv dvvaxai, avxbg di ov dvvaxai, xoiovde* ovxog piv 
yag sggwxai rat avofxazt, iya d* aggaaxwv xvyxavw. 
To di, bxi avxbg fiiv sxsgov dvvaxai, ixuvog di ov 
dvvaxai ixsgov, xowvde* iyw law yag xvBsgvrioai dv- 
vaxbg dpi, ovxog di oidi x(07ir}Xaxijoatdvvaxau 2%^- 
fiaia fiiv ovv xov dg dvo egfirjveveiv dtds nonjUEig, 
inl xojp ngayitaxwv anavxav xov avxbv xgbnov ttsxidv, 
2ay&g di o&sv SqXwosig, tovto ndXiv oxsnxiov. 
CAPUT XXV. 
Hgatxov /lev ovv bvotia&xolg oixeioig bvofiaaiv o 
ti av Xiyrjg, diaytvymv xb afupifioXov. EvXaftou di 
negl xa qpcovrjevxa xatv ygafiLidxaiv, Snag [ii] k$rj§ T£- 
$-rjoortai. Jlgooexs di xal xoig xaXovpivoig ag&goig 
oimg iv xw diovxt ngocmdrjTou. 2%bnti di xal ti\v 
ovv&eoiv xwv ovofidxtov, oniag fitjxe ovyxexvLtivrj, (ii)& 
vnzgfiaxri toicu. Tot yag ovt<d Xsybfieva dvayvtaoTa 
ovfifiaivei. Merit di avvddaiiovg, ovg av ngodnrig, 
anodidov xovg axoXovd-ovvxag. 2. To fiiv ovv xovg 
ovvdsopovg anodidovai xovg dxoXov&ovvxag xoiovdt 
Ijjt/v iyia^iv nagsytvofiriv, ov ecpriv ov di qpdoxiov 
*M"> ovx f t X&eg. ndXiv bxav b avxbg avvdwpog ovv 

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AD ALEXANDRUM. cXP. XXVI. 93 

uxolov&og jj • olov, av yag xaxtivtov aluot iyivov, 
xal xovxtov atxiog av, JItgl piv ovv xwv ovvdioutov 
tigrjxai, xal euro xovxoav xsxpaigtodai dti xal ntgl 
xav aXXfov. 3. dti di xal xv\v ovvdtoi* xdv ovopa- 
T©y pr\xt avyxsxvpsvrjv, prjxs vntgfiaxrjv thai. To 
piv yag ovyxtxvpdv&g xoiovds ioxlv, tag oxav tlnoig • 
duvov taxi, xovxov xvnxttv xovxov* "AdyXov yag r t v, 
inoxtgog av T]V 6 xvnxtov. *Eav de eVnyg ovxwg, dr)- 
Xov notrjottg • duvov ioxt, tovxov vno xovxov xvnxt~ 
o&oti. To piv ovv avyxtiv xj\v ovv&toiv xav bvopa- 
xwv xoiovds ioxL 4* To di ngooixtiv xoig ag&goig, 
onaag iv x$ ddovxi ngooxi&fjxai, inl xwvdt oga; ovxog 
o av&Q(07tog xovxov xov av&gwnov adixei. Nvv piv 
ovv iyyivopwa xa ag&ga oaqprj noiu xrjv Xi$iv Har 
gt&dvxa di duaqti] noi^ou. "Eatf oxi di ovpftaivcs 
xal xo avanaXiv. Ta piv ovv iv xoZg ag&goig xoiavxa 
ioxi. Ta di q>oivr)tvxa pr\ xt&ei nagdXXr { Xa, ay ptj 
noxt aXXcog advvaxov tj drjXwoai, rj avdnxvfa 17 xig r 
jj aXXrj diaigtoig. 5. To di apyiftoXa diaytvyuv 
xoiovds iaxl* ivia xav ovopaxtav xuvxa inl nXtioot 
ngaypaat xiixai* olov odog xav -&vgwv, xal 6d6g, rjv 
(ladi£ovoi. Ail di inl tdlg xoiovxoig xo tdiov atlovp r 
ntgiXapfldvstv xal oayiag piv iv xoig ovopaoiv, av 
xavxa nompsv, diaXt$6ps&a* tig dvo de hgprivtvoo- 
psv dictXTjg ngoxsgag ps&odov. 

CAPUT XXVI. 

Usgl di avxi&sxwv, xal nagiatLottav, xai opoioxt}- 

Xtov, Xey(t)peyiidr t • dsijoopsd a yag xal xovxwv \ 2. Av- 

xidsxov piv ovv ioxi xo ivavxiav xr^v ovopaoiav apa 

xal i7iv divapiv xoig avxixupivotg *Z 0V > V T0 * %tooy 

Digitized by GoOgle 



94 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

xovxwv. Tolg flip ovp bvdfiaoiv &'i] av ivavxlov Sfta 
xaixtj dvpdfiuxods' ov ydg dlxuiov, xovxov fiiv xa 
£pa e'xovicc nXovxiiv* ifii di xa bvxa ngo'iifiivov ovxoj 
nxax^vuv. Tolg 6* bv&fAaai fiovotg • didoxa yag 6 
nXovoiog xal evdalfiav tw nsvrjii xal ivdei. TpSi 
dvvdfiu 9 iyii fiiv xovxov voaovvxa 4dsga7isvoa f ovxog 
di fiot fieyloxtav xaxatv al'xiog yiyovsv. £vxav&a fiev 
yag xa bvbfiaxa ovx ivavxia, at di ngd&ig ivavxia t. 
KaXXioxov flip ovv ttq av xb xax &fiq>oxega dvxi&e- 
top, xal xaxd xrjp dvvafiiv, xal xaxd tqp opofiaoiav. 
"jZaxi di xal xd Xoind dvo dpxi&sxa. 
CAPUT XXVII. 

Jlagiataaig di %oxt (tip, oxap dvo laa Hyrjxai xea- 
Xa. ETr\ d' ap laa xal noXXit fiixgd bXlyoig fitydXoig, 
xal Jaa xb fiiyt&og, laa xbv ao&fiop. '!e^«* di xoiop- 
de xb oxrjftcc r\ nagiodaaig • rj did xgr]fidxojv dnogiav, 
*} dia noXifiov ftiys&og. Tavxa yag ovts bfioia, ov~ 
re ivuvxla, dXX* laa fiovov aXXyXoig. 

CAPUT XXVIII. ^ 

Hagofiotcaaig di iaxip ij ful£wv xqg nagiataaBv^. 
Ov yagjiovov laa xa xcoXct noiel, dXXd xal opoia i$ 
bgioitov bpofidxw baov du os Xoyov fufxrifia, opsge 
no&ov xe'xvaopa. MaXiaxa di noiti ofioia xa xtXtv- 
xaia xoap ovoftdxwv. Tavxa yag (idXujxa no in %r t v 
bfioiwoiv. 2. "Ouoia d' iaxlv bvbfiaxa xa J& bfioiwv 
ovXXccftwv, iv alg nXsloxa ygdfifiaxa xa avxd iaxiv * 
olov 9 nly&u flip ivdmg, dvpdfiu di ivxsX&g, 3. "Ooa 
di ISO, xexvTjg xfixai, xb avxofiaxov avxb dii£n. J7«- 
gl fiiv ovv xovxwv dnoxgrj. Kal yag xb dtxcuov, xal 
to xaXov, xal xb ovpyigov, xal xa Xoma, avxd xe 

Digitized by GoOgle 



" aD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XXIX. 05 

fofitv a ioti, xal o&tv avti noXXi noirjoo/itv. *Jlaav-> 
rug di xal tag ai$rjottg, xal tag tantwbptig yivtMxo- 
ptv, at twig tt tlol, xal o&w atn&r tig tovg Xoyovg 
tvnoQtiaofisy. OfiOMtqonttg di tovtoig tag tt noo- 
xataXrupug, ual ti naqa t&v axovovttw ahypata, 
xal tag naXMoyiag, xal tig aotuoXoylag, xaltifi^ 
xij T«r Xoycov, xal tyg typrivtiag ttjv ovv&toiv ana- 
aav loftev. "siott tag xoivag dvvapug anavxw tav 
tidwv, xal tig diayooag, xal tig XQVotig avtwv, ix 
iwy TTQOugrjfidvcoy tldottg, av i&iowfttr ijftag avzovg 
xal yvfivaatafitv avaXafipavuv avtag xati t« nooyv- 
pvaofiiata, noXXrjv tinooiav xalyqaq>ovttgxalXiyovttg 
il avtmv e£ofiev. 4>Kati tdpiqrjjiiv ovv ovtag axqipi- 
Gtata av ddXotg tig tStv Xoym pt&odovg. € Jlg d* inl 
toig tldsoi xqv *i*ttiv xoiff Xoyovg owfiatotidwg, tiat 
tt nqfototg t&v fitq&v XQijo&ai, xal nag tovtoig av- 
toig, tavta naXtv StjXwoo). Jlqooifiia piv ovv nqo- 
tattto. Kowbv d* iatl tmv inti tldSiv, xal inl naai 
toig nqaypaow aofiooti Xtyofttvov, 
CAPUT XXIX. 
Eoti di nqooifiigv, xa&oXov ftiv tlnuv, axqoatZv 
naqaoxtvy, xal tov nqdypaiog ivxsyaXaiq /ur, tldooi 
drjXwoig, %va ywuoxwoi, nsql wv 6 Xoyog, naqaxoXov- 
$&oi tt ttj vno&iost • xal inl to nqoaixeiv naqaxa- 
Xioai, xal xa& ooov tw Xoyco dvvatbv, evvovg rjfuv 
avtovg noirjoai. Tovtm (iiv ovv tlvai del to nqool- 
fiiov naqaaxtvaotixov. 2. 'fig di olvtw xqv^fjtt'd'oi, 
nq&tov piv inl tmv dripyyoqixtov xal nqotqtnTixwv 
[tovto] dzlSca. To ph ovv nqoexti&ivat, to no ay pet 
rolg axovovw xalqtavtobv noielv, toiovds ioiiv avi- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



96 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

oxn\v ovppovXsvaav, ea$ XQV nols/iil* r)(iag vnsg 2v- 
gaxovolwv. Aviaxr t v ano<pavovfievog, w? ov XQV 
porj&tiP ^w«S 2vgaxovaloig. To fih ovv <pgd£siv iv 
xscpaXalw xb ngaypa, xoiovds iaxl. 3. Ilgoolxsiv ds 
nagaxaXsXv ix xovxtov Sv sldslrifisv, si xaxavofjoaifisr 
avxol, noioig fjidXiaxa xal Xoyotg xal ngdy/iaai j3ov- 

' Xsvojisvoi ngoaixofisv. Ag ovv ov xovxoig, oxav rj 
vnsg [isydXwv, rj (pofttgav, r) twv r)fuv olxslw /?ov- 
Xsviofis&a; ' r) (paoxcaoiv imdsl$eiv ov Xiyovxsg, <ug di~ 
xotict, xal xaXa, xal ovficpigovta, xal gddia, xal aXrj~ 
&wd imdsi$ovatv r)fitv, 4q? a ngdxxsiv nagaxaXovoiv / 
ij dsrj&woiv fjpojv axovoai avxinv ngoosxovxag xbv 
vovv; woneg ovv avxol xolg dXXoig, ovxa xal r)fislg roc 
olxsioxaxa x<ov ngosigrjfiivav xoUg iq>* fjfiwv ngdyfia- 
Oi Xsyopivoig Xa^dvovxsg xal xdlg dxovovoiv ivdsi- 
xvvfisvoi, ngooixuv avxolg noir\oofisv. *Enl ftsv ovv 
to ngooixuv did xovxmv nagaxaXovfisv. 4. Trjv sv- 
voiav de nagaoxsvaoofis&a, diaoxsipdfisvot ngwxov, 
nwg Ttgog t\^idg avxovg xvyxdvovoiv sxovxsg, tvvo'i- 
xag, r] dvopsvag, rj fir t xs sv, firjxs xaxwg. *£av pip 
ovv svvoi xvyxdvaoiv ovxsg, nsgisgyov Xiysiv nsgl sv- 

■' voiag • idv di ndvxwg povha^isd-a, xgh vvvxopag ftsx* 
stgwvsiag sinew xovxov xbv xgbnov oft (ih ovv sv- 
vovg slfil xji noXsi, xal noXXdxig ftoi nsio&ivxsg ovp- 
ysgovxiag inga$axs t xal dion ngbg xd xoivd dixaiov 
tyavxov 7tagsx<», xal fidXXov xi itov idlwv ngo'iifisvov, 
ri ano x&v drjfiooiojv fuqpsXovpevov , nsgisgyov sivai 
vo(Ai£(o ngbg vpdg, xovxo ys oaqpiig sidoxag, Xiysw. 
JU di, el xal vvv fioi nsio&ijxs, xaXiag PovXsvoso&s, 
xovxo migdooflai Siddaxsiv. Tovxov psv ovv xbv 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XXIX. 07 

tgoitov roig ev foaxstp&oig i* tetXg irjpriyoglatg, vi t g 
tvfievelag vnoftvrjoriov. Totg di pyxi 6*ja/9f/9itytt- 
votg, (it)** *v dittxufihoig, frjtioir ig dlxmov 6ro xal 
ovpyigor, toig ntigav pij dtdwx6oi tiv noXnmv tv - 
vovg axgoaxag ytrio&ai. "Enuta tovg axovorrag 
Inaiva dtgantvieov, dixalwg xal vow$z&g tovg Xo» 
yovg ig stw&aoi Soxipdtuy. "Eti di tag ilaruootig 
oicrrior, liyortag, ig ov duv&vqti martvnr &*iox%?, 
aXXa rofdltav xy xoitia to avfupigov tloriyrioao&at. 
Kal roTg phr firps $v pip* xaxwg diaxttfiivoig ix w* 
-toiovTxor jTjr tvroiav nogtxsxiov. 5. Tov; di butfapin- 
uivovg arayxdlov rag dia/SoXdg jj avtovg &«?, V *« 
ngdypara, vnig wr Xiyovoir, % top Xoyov. Avrai di 
at dictpoXal ylvonai r t ix tov nagortog, fj ix tov nagot- 
ZO[ihovxQovov. *E*ftsp ovv tov nagoixofUrov /ooVov, 
idv r$g vitonTevrJTai tig novrjglctt nva, ngmov flirty 
ngbg rovg axgoatag ngoxaraXf}tpti, /oijo&af, xal li- 
yuv ' ig oid* avrbg ayyoi diajStjSXrjpiyog, dXX im- 
dii£ta y*vb*ug ovoag rag diapoXig. "EntnaxscpaXaith* 
dig iv roig itgooifiioig dnoXoy^xiov, ar exy g tt Xeynv 
inig uavrov, xai tug xgiaug ytxriov. *Avayxa~iov ydg, 
ay it ngo$ to drjpooiov $ rig dia^e^Xrjfxivog, aV ti 
ngbg tov? Idiirag, ij ytytvr\o&ai xgloir, rj fiiXXeiy 
ytvT)OBO'd-ai, 1} firj (5ovXto&ai tovg tijv aUlar inerty- 
xovtag Xajiup xgloiv* xal Qvjiov, ig ddlxtog r\ xglaig 
iyivsto, xal- ig vno tif Ix&giv xaTtotaotaod'fifity* 
*H iavrovto fty bdixiftai, Xiyt, ig Ixavbr iifuv arv- 
Zyoaoi tott, xal ig Shaior ioti, tw* ngaypaTwy i\di\ 
xtxQiiibnav , fAfi itegl tiv avtir It* diafioXtiv l/wv. 
*A> d' btldolog $ xoiaig I ytvio&M, Xtxiior, ig Ztoi- 
Arist. Rhetor. * G 

Digitized by GoOgle _ 



98 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

(tog si mgl ttoy diafloX&v 4v tdig xct&r) pivots ydy xgl- 
vsa&at' xixv iXsyx&jjg T * **l v ^oXiv ddixwv , dno&vq- 
axsiv vnotifiti. *Eav di ol iyxaXsoavxsg pi) ijieSla)- 
ow, avxb xovxo xQi) orifiuov izoiuo&at, dtoxi xr\y dia- 
(loXr}v ipsvdag r\fmv xaxyvsyxav. Ov yag shtbg slvai 
<d6$si, xovg alrj&wg iyxaXovvxag juiJ povXso&ai xgi- 
mv XafiiLv. *Asl ds xaxt\yoguv z$h diafioXyg , xal 
XsysLv, ag dsivbv, xal xoivbv, xal noXXwv xaxwv a$- 
xiov. 3 Efjtq>avtati<rv d 7 ,_o7i xal noXXol fjdfj disq>&d- 
gr\oav ddixwg diaSXrfisvxsg. Xgr) ds xal diddoxeiv, 
&g elyd-eg iaxw, vnsg xwv xoivav (SovXsvofisvovg (irj 
net got n avxav xovg Xoyovg dxovovxag xb ovpyigov 
axortstv, aXXd xaig ivitav diafioXaig dvaxsgaivsiv. 
Ail ds xal inayysXXso&ai, xal vmaxvsio&ai, dlxata 
xal ovfiq>sgovxa itctl xaXd imdsl£siv , a vnioxovxo 
avpfiovXtveiv. Tovg fisv bvv ix xov nagoixofidvov 
Xgovov diaftsftXrifiivovg xovxov xbv xgonov ivxalg drj~ 
H?}/oglcug xag diafioXag Xvxsov, *Ex ds tov nagovxog 
Xgovov dia/SaXsig xovg Xsyovxag hgwxoyfisv stg fjXixiav. 
!fc'av xs ydg viog navxsXatf idv xs ngsoftvxyg drjfiij- 
yogf), dvoxsgalvsxal. Ta fisv yag ovtuo ygx&tti, tw 
Ss i\dri ngoor^xsnv mnava&at oi'ovxai. "Emixa idv 
' $vv*x&g sito&si Xsysiv • noXvngdyfitov yag slvai doxst 
ovxog • xal si firjdsnto ngoxsgov slgrjxsi • xal yag ovxog 
svsxd xiv og Idiov doxst nagd xb s&og dr^fi^yogsiv. *Ex 
filv ovv xov nagovxog xgovov ovxot xot dtafioXal nsgl 
tov dtjfiTjyogovvxa ysvrjaovxai. ngoq>aoi£sa&ai ds 
vncg avxav del, xbv fisv vstaxsgov ix xqg igrjfilag twv 
avfifiovXtvovxtov, xal ix xov ngoorjxovxog xovxa, Ac- 
y« a* olov vnsg Xa/inadagxiag, r\ vnsg yvfivaaiov, J} 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XSDL 00 

vnig onXtov, 1} Xmmv, fj mgl noXipov. Tovxtav yag 
ovx iXax^oxov pigog t$ yew pixtox*. 'Potior di xal, 
wg n prjnw xa&* fjlixiav xb q>goviiv, aXXa xaxa q>v- 
civ xal impiXeiav. 3 £p(f>avuniov dixal, ig apagxbvxi 
liiv Xdiov xb axvyripa, xaxog&moam di xoivrj rj wqprf- 
Xua. Ta piv ovv vita in x(av xoiovxwv itgoq>aoioxiov. 
Tigovxi di ngoq>aatoxdov Xiyovxi ex xb trig igripiag 
rav avppovUvovxcw , xal ix xrjg tvnoglag aixov. 
JIgbg di xovxoig xal ix xov ptyi&ovg, xal ix tr^g 
xaivoxrjxog x&v xivdvvtov, xal ix twv aXXetvxwvxoiov~ 
t(or. T$ di Xlav u&iopivto ix xrjg ipntiglag, xal ix 
tov aioxgov that, ngoxegov dij Xiyovxa vvv pq aito- 
yaivto&ai yvdpag. Tw di pr\ ei&urpivtp tx xb rov 
ptyi&ovg rwv xwdvvinv, xal ix rov avayxaXov tlvai, 
noma rivet, tp xrjg noXtwg ptxeoxiv, vnig tar vvv 
ngoxtipivwv anocpalvsadai yviapyv. Tag piv ovv mgl 
avxbv xov av&gtanov diafloXag iv xaig dqprjyogiaig ix 
xwv xoiovxmv Xvbiv imxtigrjoofiEv. 6* Al di mgl xb 
ngaypa ylvovxai piv oxav tig v\ovxlav nghg xovg ^uij- 
dsv adixovvxag, 1} nghg xovg xgelxxovag ovupovXevrj, 
ij ugrpviv noitlo&ai al&xgav, rj nagaivjjmglxig-d'V- 
oiag pixga owxtXslv, rj xi roiovxov tlar\yr\xai. Aht 
di ntgixSiv xoiovxwv ngoxegov piv ngbg xovgaxgoa- 
rag TigoxataXrupei XQr t o&ou* entira xijv alxlav tig xrjv 
avayxr^v, xal xt\v xvx r l v > xal xovg xaigovg, xal xo 
avpopigov avoufBQHV, xalXiyuv, wg ovx ol ovpfiov- 
Xevovxeg xatv xoiovxatv, aXXa xa ngdypaxa ioxiv at- 
ria. Keel xag piv negl xb ngaypa du*(loXag ix r&v 
roiovxcav-anb xwv avppovXtvbvxtav anatopsv. 7. O 
di Xcyog iv xaig d n unyogiaig tiapaXXsxai, oxavnp*- 

G 2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



100 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

xgig, 7} agxalog, V Smotog Xiyipai. 'Eav ph ovv 
paxgbg jj, to nlii&og attiatioy tay Ttgayftatar * iav 
di agxaiog, didaxtiov, qti vvv xaiqbg aytov tfq • ti ds 
tini&a>>og,v7!ioxvuqd-at du,wg qXydrj imdu$eig inl tov 
Xoyov. Tag [*b ovv dqpijyoglag ix tovtav xataovq- 
ooftB&a. 8. TaSopev di nwg; iay fiiy fit] depict? dia- 
fioXrjv tyoiptv, firsts ctvjoh fi^ts 6 Xoyog, pr\xt to ngay~ 
pa, trfv ngo&soiv iv agx$ ev&iwg ixdyoofisv. *Enl di to 
ngootynv, xal xovlpyov svpsy&g axovsir, votsgov na- 
gaxaXsoousv. *Eay di diaftoXrj tig y twyngosigfifiivar 
mgl hp<*g> ngoxataXa^ovtsg tovg axgoatag, xal tm- 
gl t&y duifioXwv tig anoXoyiag xal rig ngoqtaosig ovv- 
xofiwg ivsyxovtsg, ovt<q ngo&r t oo(isv, xal tovg axgoa** 
tag inl to 7Tqog£X h * nagaxaXioopsy. Toviovpiv ovv 
tbvtgonovtag xataataosig tov bqpiiyogmv noiytsov. 
m CAPUT XXX, 
Jfcfrrcc di tovto, avayxt^ ijftag iativ y tag nqoy*- 
ysvrjfisvetg ngalug anayyiXXuv, % avafupv^oxuv, jj 
rig vvv ovoag psgftoyta drjXovv, r\ tag fislXovoag 
ysvrjoso&ai ngoXiysiv. 2. "Otav fih ovv ngtoftsiag 
aitayyiXXopev, navta dy ti grj&ivta xa&ag&g duUX- 
S-uv 3 %va ng&tov fiiv piys&og o Xoyog sxji> 'd 71 **??*- 
Xla yog fiSvor total rj toiavtrj, xal odds* aXXo Ao- 
yov Gxnpot nagsfinsositai. "Emtx? oniog, &v piv arco- 
tnvxyxotsg djpev, prj dii ,tr\v iipttiqav ga&vpiav ol 
axovovtsg oV&vrai diapagtavsw ti^g ngo&swg, aXXadk 
aXXyv ah lay tiya' ay di imtvx&pev, /uij dia TUjW* 
vnoXaflwoi tovto ytysv^o&ai, aXXa did t7]v fjperigah 
ngo&vfilay. Tavta ds niotsvovoiv , inside tolg 
ngay paoiy ov nageydyovro ngattoftivoig * iw [dQ 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XXX. 101 

M tov Xoyov xyr nqo&vuiar ijpmr &MtoZot, pr^dlr 
nuqaXunoyxatr, aX£ dxotf&g htaoxa anayytXXorxvr. 
"Oxav pir ovr nq to (It lav anayyiXXvptr, did xag alxlag 
xavxag 9 -$xaoxa or nqonor iyirtxo, dnayytXxiov. 3. 
"Oxar di avxol drjp^yoqovrxeg xmr naqtXulv&oxtrr n 
du$l<aptr, r) xa naqorta drjX&ptr, y td piXXorxa nqo- 
Xiymptr , dil xovx&r txaoxor noulr (Iqaxfog xal oa- 
<pais, xal/tnj ctTrArrw?. Saqpmg pir, bnmg xaxapd&tt- 
at, xa Xeybptra nqdypaxa ■ avrtouiog di, Ira prrjpo- 
vevouHH xd $ij\Hvtet * mortis di, onagpijTiqb tov xatg 
nioxeot xal xaig dixcuoXoyUug ptflauaocu tor loyov 
ripag xaqt griyrjotig fipwv oi dxovorxtg a7todoxip4owoi. 
4. 2a<p&g ph ovv dijXtoooptr dnb xc3v oropdxatv, r} 
onto x&r nqaypdtonr, *Anb ph ovr xvr nqaypdxwr, 
iar prj vnsqportajg avxjn dtiXioptr, dXXa xd nqnxa 
nqax&ivxa, Ij nqaxxbptra, ^ nqax&fiooptra, nq&xa 
Xiywptr* xa di Xoind itps^g xdxxtoper* xal iar ptj 
nqoanoXmbrxtg xr\r xdkvr, mql ygar iyx*iqfo*ptv 
Xiyur, di Mow i$ayytiX<uper. *Anb fiir ovr xmr 
itqaypdxatr aa<patg ovxatg iqovper, 5. *Ano di x&r 
oropdxtar, iar on udXioxa xolg oUtlcug xwr nqaypd- 
tutr oropaot xag nqd&tg nqaoayoqtvwptv xal iar 
xdig xoivolg, xal firj vneqpatwg avxd xi&jopsr • aJU' 
del xa ixbptva kStjg xdxx&ptr. 2ay&g per ovr SrjXw^ 
ooptr xavxa diayvXdxxorxtg. 6. ^vrxopoag di, iar 
anb xmr nqaypdtmr xal xur oropdxur ntqiatqmper 
td ptj avayxala Qri&yrai, xavxa pora xaxaliinorxtg, 
mr dqxxiqe&ivTWv, daacpr^g toxai b Xoyog. Kaiovrxo- 
$uog pirxovxor xbv nqonor driXwsopw. !• Ovx onl- 
oxmg di, arnsql xag dm&drovg nqdUig alxlag ^w- 

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102 AR1STOTELIS RHETOR. 

uiv, nag ag etxcxtog xa Xsyofieva doln ngax&rjvai. 
"Oaa d* Sv Xlav amaxa ovfifiaivoi, del nagaXsinw. 
*Eav 3s ivayxalov jj Xiys *y, eidoxa del (pctlvso&cu, xal ' 
imnUlavxa avxa xip Tifc nagaXetysag oxvfiaxivmg- 
fiaXio&cu, xcil ngotovxog xov Xoyov inibuluv aXy&ig 
vmoxv&o&ai, ngoq>aowdfi$vov , oxi to: ngougmpiva 
ng&xov fiovXsi dnodslSai dXif&rj ovxa, ij dixaia, jj xk 
xZv xoiovxtov. Kakxovxov piv xov ngonov xag ant- 
axiag iao6jns&a. 2vXXripSr^v Si xag dnayysXiag xal 
xag SqXtaang xal xag ngogg^osig i£ andvxtav xwv «t- 
grjfiivmv oa<pug xal pgaxtlag xal oix anlaxovg noirj- 
vopsv. 

CAPUT XXXI. 
TaSopsv Si avxdg Sid xgmv xgortoav. "Oxav flip 
yocg rnoiv pXlya xci ngdyfiaxa, ntgl (ov Xiyopsv, xal 
yvtagifta xoig axovovoi, iw ngooifiiw ovvdtpofitv, Xva 
fit] figaxv xovxo xb (tigog xa& avxo xt&ev -ysvijxai. 
"Oxav Si Xiav waiv at ngd$eig noXXal xalprj yvwgipoi, 
nag* exaoxov ovvanxdg noifjooftsv, xal dixalag xal 
avfKpsgovaag xal xaXag dno<pavovfiev, iva, prj fiovov 
ngaypaxoXoyovvxsg f dnXovv xov Xoyov xal (irj noixi— 
Xov nowfisv, aXXa xal xmv dxovovxav xag Siavoiag 
avaXafi^dvoifisv. *Av S* maiv al ngd&ig (iixgiai xal 
dyvoovfisvat, xtjv anayysXiav, % xrp SyXwoiv, fj t^v 
ngoggyotv 4nl toJ argoifiia Sel ooifiaxouSij xaxxeiv. 
Tovxo Si noiTjoofjiev, idv anb xyg dgxygxiav ngaypa- 
xaiv 4m xb xiXog SUX-d-apsv, firjSiv aXXo ovfinsgiXap- 
fiavovxsg, aU 5 ^ xag ngd&ig avxdg ipiXdg a>gd£ovxsg m 
Kctl xctg (liy diqyriosig inl xolg ngooipioig wg del xax-> 
tuv, ov'T(» ff uoope&a. 

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AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XXXII. 103 
CAPUT XXXII. 

Mtxa Si xavxa elol fttficucooug, dl tap xag ngott- 
grjfiivag nga&ig ix x&p nioxtap, xal xv>p dixafap, xal 
Ttov ovpq>tg6pxiap, oiag vnt&iftt&a ftc/Scty, /$*/?«*«- 
oopsv* 2. "Oxap pb ovp ovpanxag noijjg, olxuoxaxa* 
taig drifiriyoglaig tlol nloxug xaxt x&p ngaypaxwp 
t&T}, xal ta nagadttypaxa, xal xi intr&vfiTjpaxa, 
xal f] dola xov Xeyopxog, Xgrjoxiop di xal, ov xig xSyp 
aXXtav nloxtiap n apt pit toy. Taxxtip de aiiag tadt dti* 
ng&xop [*&* tt)v xov Xiyopxog do$av • el di /uij, rot tup 
ngaypdrtov ld-r\ • Huxpvpxag, oxi xav&, a liyofitp, r\ 
xaxovxoig opoia, ovxwetT&toxaiyipia&at. 9 Enldixov- 
xoig nagadtly/iaxa oioxior, xal $1 opoioxijg xlg ioxi, 
ngbg %& vq> rjfiooy Xsyofispa ngooaxiiov. uiafAJSaPBiP 
di du xit nagadelyfiaxa olxiia tw ngayfiaxi, xal xa 
iyyvxaxa xoig axovovoi XQ^ V( & V ^onm. 'Ear Si fiti 
VTTixgzji xotavxa, x&p aXXwp xa fiiyujxa xal yp&gipta- 
Tana. Mexa xavxa yvwfioloyrjxiov. du de xal 7t$gl 
xit fitgr) xStp ilxonov xal x£>p nagadayfiaxap inl teXsv- 
xr\g h&vpryiavallug xal yponfioXoyixag xag xtXewag 
noiiiod-ai. Kal xag pip niaxtig ovxoag inl xdig itgaU- 
at ngoxaxxiop. 3. *Eap di TuorsvyTai xa ngaypaxa 
tv&iojg Qrj&eyra, xag (tip nloxug nagaXtrnxitih tw 91 
dixaty, xal t« popifup, xal tw ovptyigopxi, xal T<j> 
xaXto, xal tw rjdel, xal tw Qctdiy, xal tw dvpaxib, 
xal xtp apayxalqi, xag ngongfjfiipag nga&ig /fc/S«*w- 
xiov. Kal d fib inagx*i, ng&xop xb dixaiop xaxxtop, 
8u$iopxag 9ta xovxov x$ xov dtxaiov, xal xov opoiov 
t$ dixal<a, leal xov ivartiov, xal xov xtxgifUpov 3«- 
xaiov. Ju de xal xit nagaitiyfiaxaxdlg vno aov lt- 

i 

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104 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

yopivoig dtxaloig o/iot* ipsgnv* UolXa ds ffeeig Xiystv 
3k ti xiv ^t« Trorg kxcioxoig dixaiwv vnokap§avoi*i- 
vwv, xal ix x&v I* ovTiy t$ noXu, iv jj Xiysig, xal ix 
xav iv xa%g aXXaig noXsaw* 4. uxav ds anavxa 
xovxov xov xgonov (isxiovxsg disX&wpsv, inl xsXsvx^g 
avxov yvdfiag xal iv^vyLi^axa (isxgux,xal aXXrj- 
Xoig av6(ioia hsyxovxsg, iav psv fiaxgov y xb fisgog, 
xal (tovhopsd-a nviitiovsv$o&ai, ovvxopwg naXiXXo- 
yi\oo\w iavdhpixgiovy, xal pvrifiovsvqxai, airto xb 
pigog QQKfctfitvoi, naXiv sxtgov ngo&rjaops&a. "Eoxt 
di, o Xsyto, xoiovds* &g fisv dlxaibv iaxiv, fi(iag fiot]- 
&eiv JSvgaxovoloig, ix x&v sigfjp^vuv Ixaviog anods- 
dslx&ai vofjiifa * <»$ ds xal ovpopigsi xavxa ngaxxsiv, 
inixugrjoe* didaaxsiv* 5. JJaXiv ds ntgl xov Gvpcpi- 
govxog opoioxg&iuag xdig ngougv\pivot,g inl xov di- 
xaiov {iiTiiiv, xal inl ijj xsXsvxji xov fisgovg, ij naXiX- 
Xoyiav , ij bgiofibv im&slg , naXtv sxsgov, o, t* av 
vndgxy gov, ngooxl&u* Tovxov tie xov xgonov aXXo 
&XX($ ovvamstv niguxotlovrvyaivsiYxov X6y OVm **Oj av 
dk 7t art a dtdX&yg, i$ <ov ivdixsxal ooi psftauoaa t tijv 
ngoxgonr\v, inl xovxoig anccai xecpaXauodwg fisxd i v - 
&vnri[iaxitiv xal yvwp&v tj oxrtuarav dsixvvs, wg aSi- 
xov, xafyiovpyogov, xal aloxgbv, xal atidsgfi^noisiv 
xavxa * xal avxixi&st xs<paX«uodwg, ug dlxaiov, xal 
ovuqtigoy, xal xaXbv, xal ydb ngaxxsiv, kp a naga* 
xaXug. Oxav ds lxav<og jjdq $g iyvfafioXoytjxig, xqv 
ngoxgonqv nigaxt ogioai. Kal xovxov fisv xov xgo- 
nov fopauaoofitv xa ngoxs&ivxa. Msxa ds xovio xb 
pigog Xitofisv xijv ngoxaxaXijifJiv. 



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AD ALEXANDRUM* CAP. XXXUL H* 
CAPUT XXXIII. 

Avtti H i<ru> di ys tag ivdfxouevag aniXoylag 
§tl&ip> at > T0 '* * n ° ° ov *Uinpi*W ngoxaxaXau^avav 
diaovQtig* Jet d» xa uev ixeivatv putQa noiuv, xa de 
oavxov ctZfeiVj ig & xaZ? av£rio$oinQoaxrjxoag. Xor) 
de naqax&bai xal fv ngbg ev, oxav xb gov fiu£ov y, 
xal nqbg nXeiw nXeto, xal h nqbg noXXa, xal noXXa 
nqbg tv r diaXXaxxovxa xaxa ndvtag xovg xqbnovg, xa 
piv aavxov uvtovta, xa di xtbv havxitav ao&evrj xal 
ftixgi notovria. Kal xovxor pev xbv xqonov tcuq 
nqox&xaXrupsoi x^^oaeda. -Tavta de duX^ovxrg, 
bti xeUvxy naXdioy^oouev, xi nqpiiqufitva axypaia 
diaXoyiouoxr Xafiovreg, ij anoXoyiopov, % nqoaiqfotwg, 
r\ i£ ineQG&iQsag, % elqweiag. 

CAPUT XXXIV, 

'Ear tie inl xb /Son&etv t*o* nqoxqentouev, r) iduo- 
xaig r r\ noXeoiy, aqpooei ovvx6p(og elnuv, xal tX tig 
nqovndqx^ xovtoig nqb? tovg ixxXr}<Ha£ovxag (piXla, 
jj xaQtg> ij eXeog* MaXtoxa yaq xdig ovxna tiiaxeipivoig 
e&il&wir inauvvew* 2* QtXovoj piv ovv navxtg, vqp 
£*v otovxai xaxa to ngooijxov ev nenov&evas, r) 7T«- 
exeiYy % nefaeo&aiy rj vn avx&v, rj x&v <fiXo)v, r t av- 
to*, i\ wv xrfiouevob xvyxavovoi* Xaqiv ti* exovot tov- 
Toig, vaf (ov ofbvxat naqa to nqoorjxov aya&ov xi 
nenov&eva* r r\ naoxuv, V neioeo&a^ rj vn av-xtov, rj 
%&v q>tX(or, ijavTol, rj (av xrytiope vol xvyx^ vovaim T° v ~ 
x<o> fiev ovv av xt ivjj., XQV ovvxoptag tiitiaoxuv, xa* 
inl tbv MXeov Syuv* Einoqr]oo^ev di iXteirVanoiuv,SnsQ 
av iMXnuev, iav ovv*A$n*v, oxi navteg iXeovoi tov- 
xovg, ovg olxeiwg sxeiv avxolg vnuX^aotv, *j ol'ovxat 

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106 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

dval'iovg tlyai dvoxvx&y* Ail di xavxa anoyalpu* 
txovrag, ovg i&iXsig iXsetyovg noitlv, xalimduxpvpai 
avtovg % xaxag nsnop&oxag, tj ndoxopxag, ij izii0O(ii- 
vovg, idp (ir\ oi dxovoyxsg dvxoXg ftorj&woiv. *Eay tie 
xavxa fiijeyi, dtixxiov, imig wy Xeystg, dya&my ioxsgrj- 
ub>ovg,b)v xoig aXXoig dizavip, ij xoig nldaxoig /me* 
axiv, rj dya&ov prjdinoxe xtxvxfjxoxag, ij prj jvyxd- 
popxag, ij (iy xw$opiyovg, idy ay vvv oi dxovoyxsg 
olxxsigcaoip. *Ex xovxiay (dy ovp inl xop sXeoy «$o- 
jiev. 3. Tag de anoxgondg ix tap iyavxlwv xovtoig 
noirjoofASP, top avxby xgonoy qpgoi/juaSopcvoi, xal tu 
ngdypaxa di&ioyxsg , xaig xe niotBoi xQ*»f* s * h * a * 
xoig dxovovoi dsixrvyrtg, wg iotip, it ngdxxuy foi/€t-> 
oovoip, Spofia, xal adixa, xal dov(i<poga, xal aloxgd, 
xcu aridrj, xal ddvvaxa, xal ioytidri, xal oix dyay- 
xcua. € H $8 xd$ig ofioioxgonmg eoxai, oXa xal tw 
itgoxgmovti, Tolg (ih ovv xa& avxovg anoxginov- 
otv ovxm tag xd£sig novr\xiov. 4. Tovg ds ngog tag 
v<p kxigwp sigijfisvag ngoxgondg dyxiXiyoyxag ngwtop 
usv iv to) 7iQOoifil(p del, olg piXXovoiy apxddysip, ngo- 
&io&cu • xd $* aXXa xa&* avxi noooifiHx&odai. 
Msxd ds xd ngoolpia, fidXtoxa pep txaoxa x&p ngosi- 
gupiwv xa& sp txaatop ngot&iptvoy imdsutyisip, 
&g oix sotl dixaia, ovdi romp a, ovds ovfupiooyxa, 
ovdi xovxotg dxoXov&a, &p a nagaxaXu 6 banlog. 
Tovxo di notfjoug, dnoqtaiytoy y adixa ovxa, aXiysi, 
ij aovpyoga, ij xovxoig Sfioia, rj havxlaxolg dtxaloig, 
xal xoig ovftqpigovoi, xal xoig xtxgipivoig xoiovxoig. 
OfAoioxgontog di xal xav aXXtoy xd vndgxopta pixi&i. 
Kgdxiatog piv ovp b xgonog xi\g anoxgonr\g ovxog 

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AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XXXJV. 107 

ioxiv. *Eay di firj tydsxyxlki xovxo noitlv, ix xov *r«- 
gaXtXdtftfiirov x'gonov anoxginn Xdytoy • oloy, iay o 
havxlog dlxatoy anoyrpri, av imxttgn dtixyvyat, Sg 
ioxiv aloXQOV, ij aovfupogov, ij igy&dtg, ij advyaxov, 
ij o, it ay $xj]S xotovxov. *Eay di ixtiyog tyy xo ovfA- 
(pigov, ait imdtfxrvty ig adixoy, xav xt aXXo txjl* 
ngog tovtm. Ju di xal xi piv avxov av£tty, to di 
xov iyavxlov xanuyovv, noiovyxa, ig h T<j> nqoxgt- 
nxixvt etgrjrai. Xqi) Si xal ywbfiag (pigsty xal {y&vprj- 
[uxtcc, xa&dntg ixuoe, xal rag ngoxaxvXtupttg Xv- 
uv, xal inl ijj xsXtvxjj naXiXXoyfiy, JIgog di xovxotg, 
iy per xatg ngoxgonalg anofpahuy, anXlar vnagx*iy, 
olg jiofi&$iy ngoxghtopty ngog xoig ngoxgtnopiyovg, 
xal cupttXoyxag x*$ w *XW *o7,g Stofiiroig' olg d' ovx 
&[iey fiorj&siv, ij ogyrjg, ij <p&6vov t if ex^gotg &$lovg 
vnaqxorrag, b. v Ex&QM ftsv ovy ipnoiTjoopeVy in 
ixtivwy ov ngoarjxoyxmg xovg anoxgtnopiyovg ano- 
yaivbyxzg xax&g nenoy&oxag, ij xav <piXtav r ij aixovg, 
ij my xrjdopevoi xvyxayovuiy. 'Ogyijy di, lay im- 
duxrvwfity nagd xb ngootjxoy ifhycogrjfiivovg, n ydi- 
xrifiiyovg, ij xovg q>iXovg ixtivtov, ij aixovg, ij my xiy- 
dofisyoi xvyxavovoi avxoL &&6voy di nagaoxtva- 
oopsy avXX^/3drjy ngog xovxovg, ovg anotpaivofiiy 
avalloiq tv ntngaxoxag, r\ ngaxxovxag, rj ngalovtag, 
ijaya&ov pr^dinoxt ioregtjpiyovg, ij firjoT tgovpivovg, 
r\ [iy oTtgyoofjivovg* % xaxov (iridinoxe xexvx^oxag, 
yjiil xvyxavovxag, ij uydi rtv^opivovg. &&ovoy fiix 
ovy xal tx&gay xal ogy^y xovxov xov xgonoy ipnoiri- 
oopty. QnXtav di xal x«gi* *«* 'dXtoy ix xmy to xaig 
ngotgonalg, Svy^fjoopiy di xal xa&opw i$ anayxta* 



108 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

tor ngoeigtipivtov avtag tovde tov tgonov. To fib 
ovv ngotgSTttixov Btdog avto re foptv olov ion, xal 
*$ av awitjttixs, xal w£ avroi xgijatiov. 
CAPUT XXXV. 
To de iyxvpiaattxbv xal xaxokoyixov nafov nqo- 
&i(iivoi oxonco fiey. ifrgoipuxotiov ovv xal ntgl tov- 
twv, ng&tov ngo&*ii£vovg tag ngo&ioug 9 xal tag dia- 
fioXag an&Xvofitv 6pofag y (ooneo iv toig itqotg&itixdlg . 
9 J£nl ds to nqooixuv na^axaXovfisv tx te tiav aXXtov 
t&v iv tai$ drjfirjyoglaig ugrmivw, xal ix tov #av- 
fiaota xal' ntgcyavrt (paoxnv, xal avtbvlaa, xal toig 
iyxwpia&ptvovg' y xat tov? ytfyofiirovg anoqpaivsiv 
nmgayotag. € Jlg yag imtonoXv twv toioittov udcov 
oux aywvog, aX£ imb*ei£mg Zvsxa Xiyopsv. Tato/isv 
de ngwtov xa ngoolfiia tov avtbv tgonov, ovneg inl 
rwv ngotgojt&v xal anotgoniv. 2. Mtta d& to ngool* 
fiiov dn dtsXofitvoyta &a> tijg agsti^g aya&a, xal ta 
iv avrjj tjj agsTrj ovta noiuv ovtw. Ta ukv ovv Sw 
tr\g agsttjg sig evyevtiav, xaf $w(ir)v, xalxaXXog, xal 
nXovtov. Tqv d' agstyv ug oocplav, xal dixaioov- 
vip, xal avdgdav, xal i'Tuzrjdsvfjiatmv ev$o£a, Tov- 
ttov de ta fiiv tt t g agst^g dixaiwg iyxoi(iid&tai' ta d* 
%(d xlintttar tovg yag toxvQovg, xal tovg xaXovg, 
xal tovg' tly$v€ig, xal tovg nXovolovg y ovx (naivup, 
aXXa paxagl&iv ngoorpu. 3. Tavta dr^ Xoyioaue- 
vot, fista ta ngoolfiia ng&triv tr\v yevsaXoyiav Ta£o- 
fitv. Ilgtatov yag to%? av&gtonoig *«* *<&$ alXoig 
£<ooig tov& vTiugxei svdo£ov *j adoZov. Toiyagovv 
tov fiiv av&gtanov, r\ ti aXXo toioviov fwoy, svloywg 
r^taXoy^oofitv. "Otav di na&og, rj ngayfia, q li- 

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AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XXXV. 100 

yoy, % xtrjpa* in avtwy tv&vg tiy itQOOOrttoy h- 
boltov tvXoytag tnairioopty. 4. rsyBaXoyeiv tie &9b 
hi * (ay ftir coot? oi ngoyoroi onoydalot, naytag i$ 
wflW avaXaftovttg pixQi ngbg toy tyxupiaZofityoy, 
i(p kxaanp tS>y nqoybviay xeyaXauadog hdolpv ti 7r«- 
qm&eyat, *£av b*i oi tiqvtoi. uiv (ooi anovdaiot, 
tovg di Xomoig ovufieprixs finder ilioXoyoy itQ&tai, 
tovg fitv ngmovg toy avtoy tgbnoy tittX&tiy, tovg 
tiiopaiXovgnagaXiniiy, KQO<paourap*yoy, onbianXri- 
dog twr nooyivwv oi &iXeig Xtytoy aitovg paxooXo- 
yuy. *Et* hi ovx aftr\Xot that naoty, on iovg & 
aya&ay ysvofx&vovg tixog ioti, tolg rrooypyoig oftoiov* 
o&ai. *Eay $e oii*aXaioi7tQoyoyoia>avXot.tvyxdya>oiy 
ortsg, oi &b nobg aitbv hdotoi, tovtovg duyeytaXo- 
yiiy, xal Xiytiy, on ntol fth ixilytoy ntoUoyov ay itij 
paxqoXoyuv • tovg tie nXqaloy yeyovotagtwy tnaiyov- 
(iirbiv, tovtovg ovtag oya&ovg imdsi$siv. Kal dyXoy, 
i$ olyt tovkov nooyoyoi, onovdouol nytg quay. Ov 
yag tUcbg (pctvrjyai, tovg tohovtovg xaXovg r\ aya&ovg 
tlvm ix (ioz&TlQwy nooytyovotag* iav di ftTjdev ano 
my ngoyoyay tydotoy vnaoxfa Xiyi % tig avtog iait 
ysyy4xiog,ovpPiPaZ<ov, &g tv yeyovaoi ndrtsg oi nobg 
aQtjijy tv n$<pvx6teg. 'Ejnnptfy 8i xal tolg rtXXoig, 
oook tovg nooyoyovg inaiyovot, Xiyny, on noXXol noo~ 
voyeur iydohoy tvxoyttg ayaliot ytyoyaoi. My* .W 
xal, on xoviovy oi tovg ngoyoyovg, nqoxHtai yvv 
lyxwfiia&iv. 'Ofioiotgonwg tie xal xaxoXoyovvta inl 
tov fiOZ&nQ&y nopyovw noiritiov tr\v ysyeaXoyiav. 
Kal tovioy jia* toy tgbnov «V tolg inaiyoig xal talg 
SaxoXoyiaig tag ytvtaXoyiag taxtiov. 5. XX ti to **- 

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110 AR1STOTELIS RHETOR, 

(h$ov avT$ 8ia iqv tvx^v vnr\g$s, tovto (tovov flia- 
(pvXdtteav tnuta t& nginovta tdtg fjXixiaig igug, fArj 
paxgd • tovg yag noudag ovx ovtoj 8} avtovg, &g 
did tovg iq>tatatag ol'ovtai xoofiiovg slvai xal aw- 
tpgovag • 8 to pgaxvXoyrjtiov nsgl avtwv. 6. "Otav 8i 
tovtov tov tgonov diiX&yg, inl tsXsvttj tov fisgovg 
iy&vfiTjfia xal yvwptjv sinav, ogioai tovto to fiigog 
inl tji tov vsavioxov rjXixlcc, xal tr^v ngo&wiv noirj" 
oag, xal ngott&ipsvog V tot tgya tov inatVoVfiivov, -ij 
tov tgonov, % tit initriosvfjiata, av$eiv, xa&dneg £*- 
nofisv ngotsgov iv dgxatg inl tov iyxoifuaGtixov el- 
dovg, die$ui>v, oti vno jovtov tov inaivovfiivoy iv 
laity trj ffiutia ovtog to xal to yiyoviv zv8oSov, i} 
on 8id tovtov, ij on did tov initrjdsvfiatog, rj ix 
tovtov, if c>cxa tovtov, Aii 81 xal friguv vitav £v- 
86$ovg ngd&tg nagiatdvai, xalvnsg(ldXXsiv8uxvvvai, 
tag tovds tag ixtlvwv, tov fisv ktigov taXdxiGta ttav 
vnagxovtoav Xiyovta, tov 8' vno gov enaivovfiivov to 
piyiota. Xgf) 8s xal nag aXXoig jiixga sv8ola ngdy- 
pata nagiotdvai tolg vno gov Xcyofiivoig, xal ov- 
tw (jisydXa qpaivsa&ai. *Asl 8s xal sixdSovta tag 
ngdlug av£siv u>8s, xal not, xal nolog tig viog ovtta 
opdoaoqpog iyivsto, og ngeoftutsgog ysvopsvog fisya- 
Xr\v Sv inlSoaiv saxs. Kal ovtog tig igqatfiivag tovg 
iv tolg yvpvaoloig vnojiivtov novovg G<p68ga trjv iv ty 
(piXooocpia qpiXonovlav dyanyosi. Tovtov (isv ovv tov 
tgonov slxdZovxig av$yoo(jiev. 7. "Otav 8s xal ta nsgl 
ti\v fjXixiav tov vsavioxov diiXOwpsv, jtal inl tsXsvtrj 
tovtov tov (jiigovg yvwpag xal iv&v^fiatatd^(afisv, 
% naXiXXoyqoavteg Gvvtopag ta ngoeigrjpivd, % ti 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XXXV. Ill 

ngaxtixby fiigog teXevtaloy ogtodpsyot. JldXiy a &t- 
ngdlato o vq? i^Siv iyxu>(iuxS6ptyog dyijgngo&ifieyo$, 
%rp dtxouoowTjv td£o(iev ngwtov. Kal OfioioTooTitag 
tdig ngosigfjfUyotg av^aayteg ySofiev inltrjy aoq>lay, 
idy vndgxy ' *«' tavtijy toy avtbv tgonov duX&oy- 
%eg, nqo&ifieyoi tr\y avdgelav, idy jj, xal Tip avtyaiy 
tavtrjg ndXw Jftadgaponeg, Stay inl teXsvttj tov pi- 
govg tovtov yevcoue&a, xal nana td ttdrj du$eXr)Xv- 
&6teg wpw, naXilXoyf/oaneg iv xeq>aXai(o ra ngou- 
gijpiva, teXevt^y ijtoi yytuprjv, q iy&v/itifia nanl t$ 
Xoy(j> im&rioopty. 8. 'Agpoasi de h roig incdvoig 
xal, noXXoig oyopaoi negl txaatov xgyodpevoy fitya- 
XongenT] tr\y Xiliv noi^aai. Thy d' avtbv tg(mov 
inl ray fiox^fjg&y ngaypdtwy xaxoXoyovneg tag xa- 
trjyogiag ovotfioopev. Au de fii) oxdnteiy, ov av xa- 
xoXoy&pev, aXXa ditftiyai toy piov avtov. MaXXoy 
ydg ol Xoyottmy axwfifjidtoiv xal roig axovonagnei- 
&ovot, xaltovg xaxoXoyov/iivovg Xvnovoi. Ta ph 
ydg axwpfiata atoxd£etat tr^g Ideag, tj trjg ovalag • 
ol de Xoyot twy rj&wv xal ray tgonay eloly olov eexo- 
ng. tfrvXajtov de xal tag aioxgag ngd$ug fiy ala- 
XQdig ovofnaoi Xeyuv, IV a fitj diapdXyg 16 y&og, aX- 
Xa td toiavta aiviyfiatwdtog kgprjvsveiy, xal ktigtoy 
ngaypdttav oyopaai XQwpwog drjXovv to ngdypa. 
Xgrj de iy tatg xaxoXoylaig UQMveveo&ai xal xaxa- 
yeXtfvtovivavtlov, iy olg otfivvvetai, xal Idia piv xal 
oXiycov nagovrwy atiud&iv avtov iy de totgoxXoigxoir~ 
vdg pdXiota xatriyogtag Xoidogelv av£eiv de xal tanei- 
vovy toy avtbv tgonov tag xaxoXoyiag, ovneg xal 



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112 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

\a iyxdfiia. UsqI fisv ovv tovtm tm slfiwv ivtiv- 
&sv tldrjooptr thv ZW Q ** 

CAPUT XXXVI. 
Aomov di iotiv^fuvstdog to, ts xattyOQixov, xal 
to itstaattxov. Tavta naXiv ug iv t<5 dixavtxy ysvst 
ovv&TiOOjitv, xal talopsv, xal teX&winv. 2. JOqSitov 
fisv ovv h tolg noootfiloig noo&rjaofiev to nqaypa, 
nsol ov xajfiyogvaofitr, % anoXoyrioope&a , ^aneg 
inl t&v aXXwv sidmv. 3. IlQooixuv M naQO*aUoo- 
fjitv ix tStv aitvv, mv iv t$ no otoswtixy xal iv i£ 
dnoXoyr}tix$. 4. "£ti Ss xal nsgl ttJq «ijjm/«r t£ 
per sv diaxsijiivy ix tov naQOiXopsvov xqovov, *j tov 
naoovtog, xal pride SuxfopXTtfibVtff, ig ngbgavtov, rj 
TtQog to nQaypot, % nqbg tov Xoyov tovg axcvovrag 
dvoxtoalveiv, tov avtbv tqonov, &g nsql ixnivtav «?- 
Qtltai, t\\v si/xsveiav noQtotiov. T§ ds firjxs ™> Pi- 
ts xax&g diaxsifisvy, ti\v svpivsiav naQaaxsvaotdo* 
ix tov naooixofitvov xqovov, % ix tov naqovtog, rj & 
iavtbv, 7) to ngay/ia, tj tov Xoyov. T$ di dutfl*- 
(IXrifiivy, svia fisv fispiyfisviug, svia 6*' idltag nqog «v- 
fisvuav noQWtiov. Ovtog fisv oyv o tqonog toteu, 
di ov tr\v svpsvsiav nayauxsvaatsov. Tovg fisvyap 
(irjts si, firsts xax&g biaxstfdvovg, aitovg fisv ovrto- 
(iwg inatvstiov, xal tovg ivavtlovg xaxoXoytitsor. 
Ail de aitovg ix tovtotv inaivsiv, tov giaXtata [iste~ 
ott tdlg axovovoi. uieyto ds yiXbitoXw, yiXhaigov, 
ilsrjfiova, xal ta toiavta. Tov F ivavtlov xaxoXo- 
ytlv ix tovtmv, iq? olg ol axovovtsgigyiovvtai* tav- 
ta <Je iati, pioonoXiv, fiiooquXov, axigiatov, avslstj- 
pova, xal ta toiavta. 5. Xqi) ds xal tovg dixaotitg 



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AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XXXVI. 113 

inahta &tgantvoat, ig tiixaoxal Sixaioi, xal duvoi 
tloi. 2vpnagaXrinxiov xal tag iXaxxtioug , %l nov 
xmy avndixwv xaxadtfoxigwg *x H ngbg xb Xiytir, r\ 
ngaxxsiy, fj aXXo t* xwy mgl xby aywya, JIgbg di 
xovxoig ifi/iXijtioy to, tc dixaiov, xal lb yopifioy, xal 
16 ovpyioov, xal xa xovxotg axoXov&a. Ty fih ovy 
(j.rJTt tv fifixt xaxwg dtaxtifiiya, ix xovxmy (y xoig &- 
xaoxaig xrp ivvoiav nogioxioy tw di diapfpXf)fiiy<», 
lay (ikv ix xov nagoixofiiyov xqovov ai diafioXai too* 
mgl toy Xoyoy, Yousv, wg dii xa xoiavxa Xvtiy, ix 
ray ngoxigw. 6* *Eav $i ix tov nagoyxog xqgvov p 
mgl avtbv Toy av&gwrov dvayxcuov diap%pX%od , ai % 
iav aTTQenqg tj t««j nagovxi dywvi , 7) vmyayxiog xoig 
iyxXyfiaoiy, ij bfioXoyovfiByog tin xaxtiyogia. *Ang*- 
Tttjg fikv ovy yiyovi ay, iay ayatyKrixai yttuxtgog, fj 
ngtoftvxsgog vnig aXXov imyavxiog di, iay xig 
layvgog toy ao&eysi dtxa£rixai alxlag* rj iay tig i(lgi- 
oirjg&r vftgiv iyxaXrj owcpgoyi' ij iay xig nayv n\ov- 
vita dixa£rix«u nayv nii^g ygfjfiaxmy iyxaX&v. 0% 
fUyovy roiovroi imvayxioi tial xoig iyxXrjpaoiy. 
OfioXoyovfitvog 6*' eoxat, iay xig ioxvgbg &y vnb 
ao&iyovg aixlag di&xrixai ° i\ iay xig xXimfjg dox&y 
thai xXontjg dixtjv <p$vyij, "OXatg di oi xag mgl ai" 
x&y do$ag hfioioxgonovg avxoXg %xovxtg b/jtoXoyovfie- 
voi xoig iyxXr\paoi dolovoiy that. Jlsgl pb ovy av- 
xby xbv ay&gtonov ix xov nagoyxog xgbvov xoiavxa* 
ytyrjooyxai diapoXai 7. Ai de mgl xb ngayjia ovp- 
Baiyovoat, iay xtg ngaypaxivrixai ngbg olxjtlovg g>/- 
Xovg ri tfvovg, 1} idiovg, ij mgl (iixguy, ij alaxga** 
Tavxa fag ot dollar xoig dixa&piyoig noiii. 8. nv>9 
A&isr. Rhetor. ** 

Digitized by GOOgle 



114 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

ovv tag diafioXdg, tag ngougripivug dnoXvoops*, 
lov 10 duXaooS. Avo ph d% ototxsla Xsyio xotvd Ha- 
th navtay to psv, oig op vofii'Qyg tovg xgitdg &w- 
nlrfcnvi ngoxaxaXapfiavs avtovg, xal ininXriTis • to 
ds stsgov, slg ta$,7igd£sig, paXiota psv rig rovg ait- 
ttdixovg dnotgsipsig • si ds fty, slg aXXovg twag, ngo- 
q>dijsi XQtopw°Si. <> T * 0V X hxatv, aXJ? inb t&v dvxayM- 
viot&vdvayxa£6psvogsigtbv aymvaxatsax^g. §.Ka& 
kxaorriv ds xr^v dictfiolriv tads XQV ngoyaoiSsa&ai* 
tbv fisv vstategor, ngsafivtsgwY cpiXwv anoglav t£p 
ay&vkovfisvav vnsg avxov, ij (tsys&og adixfipaxaty, 
jjj ngo&sofiiap XQ*> VQV > % nXij&og, % aXXo ti toiovxov. 
*£av ds vjieg aXXov Xiyyg, gyxsov, ag did qtiXiav ovv- 
Hyogug, ? di s'x&gav tov avxidixov, i} ^'" T0 T0 *S 
ngayfiaoi nagaysvia&ai, i] did to t<J xoivot ovpapsgov, 
7} did to sgypov slvai, xal adixslo&ai, o> ovvrjyogslg. 
*£av ds bpoXoyovfiSvog tw iyxXqfiaxt, % vnsvavtiog 
tjj xatqyogla yiv^tai, tffts ngoxataXri\pibxgriG&ai,XMl 
Xsysw, ag ov dlxaiov xal vopifiov, ovds ovpepsgov ix tijg 
VTioXfysaig ^ tr\g vnoylag xataxglvsw, nglv tov ngdy- 
paxog dxovoau Tagpsv ow nsglxbv avd-gfanov avxov 
diafioXdg ovtta Xvoopsr. 10. Tag ds nsgl to ngdyfiot 
ovxmg anwaofjisd'a, tqv altlav slg tbv svarxiov tgi— 
noytsg, $ Xoidoglav iyxaXovvtsg avTw, jj ddixlav , -ij 
nXtove&av, ti (pdovsixlav, ij bgyi\v , 7igoq>aoi£6psvotp 
otv tov dixaiov di* aXXov tgonov tvx&v advvaxor. 
Tag psv ovv Idiag diafioXdg ijzl xwv dixaoxTjQiaiv ovxoy 
Ivoofiiy • tag ds xoivdg ndot toig sl'deoiv, wg inl twv 
ngotigmv sldav sig^ai. 11. Ta$optv ds id dixavi- 
*a ngoolfu a tbv avtbv tgonov, ovnsg xal t« dupn- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRIA CAP. XXXVI. 115 

yogtxa, Kati toy avtoy H Xoyoy xal tag anayyi- 

Xiag ovyayopey t$ itgootpiq), xal rj hegl ta fugrj m- 

oxag xal tiixalag anotpayovfjtey , rj aitag v<p 3 kavt&y 

owpatoetdeig noitioofte&a* 12. Ta de pvtec tavta 

sural (itpatooig, ay per aytiXiynvtai tin ngaypata 

vno itov avTi&ixcov, ix tw nlotemy * ay tie opoXoyrj- 

tat, he t&y dixaitav, xal 4x t$v ovpq>egoyt(oy , xal ix 

tmy Tovrot? axoXov&oty. Tonxeiv de del t&y fiiy 

nlotmy ngmag tag pagrvgiag, xal ta ix tav flaoa- 

yay jyuv o^ioXoy^diyta r ay inagxy. "Eneita (fej3ai- 

ovy, ay fiey m&ava tj, yvwfjiatg xal iy&vpypaoip • 

iky de fiii navteXtig m&avit rj, tt$ eixoti • \nuxa toig 

nagadeiyfiaoi, xal tolg rexfnjgioig , xal tdlg orjptioig, 

xal tolg iXeyxotg • teXevtalov di tolg ivOvfA^fiaai, xal 

tatg yywpoXoylaig. *Eay de ouoXoyfytai %a ngdynaia, 

tag piy nlateig iaxiov , t§ de dixaioXoyla , womg iy 

toig ?iingoa&ey, xqriot&oy. Kal tovtov fiey toy tqo- 

noy (tefiaitaoofisy. 13. Metitde tqy foftalwoiy , ta 

ngbg toig ayttdlxovg tattoyteg, ngoMataXrupofie&a 

ctvTeov t« in Id o$ a Xdyso&cu. *Eav pey ovy igagvjiy- 

tat to ngaypa, rig fisv v<p* rjpwv niarug tlgripevag 

avSijtioy, tag d' vn ixelvo&y peXXovoag Xiyto&ai 5ia- 

avgtioy xa\ tanttmttioy. *Eav de opoXoyovvtegwoiv, 

iwofia xal dbtata anoyahvew xata tovg yeygappe- 

vovg vopovg • xa* ovg pey fjptlg nageoxope&a , xal 

tovg Ofiolovg tomoig dtxalovg, xal xaXovg , xal ovp- 

(pigoytocg iw xoiv£> t^g noXetag xexgiperovg vno t&v 

noXXwv, toiovtovg thai nugatioy inideMvvsiv • tovg 

de t&y avridixtov tit hanla. 14. *&*» W pq ivte- 

Xytoti tavta Xiyuy, vnofiifivn^ 9 xo ^ g ^ x »^«? > ou 

Digitized by GoOgle 



116 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

oix VTteg xov vo/iov, aXXa xov ngaypaxog dtxatovotv, 
opboavxtg xaxa xovg vopovg xovg xeifiivovg x%v y/ij- 
q>ov ol'onv, xal Sldaaxs, oxi ov vopo&sxelv vvv ngoo- 
tjxti, aXX* iv xaig 7tsgl xovxwv xvgiaig yfiegaig* *j£* 
d* yfjuv ovfi^alvij xb natQtt fioxdtjgolg xal doxovotv 
iivai vofAOig xb ngaypa nengax&ai , gtjxiov , wg ov 
vofiog, aX£ dvofiia to xoiqvxbv ioxi, 'O nivyagvo- 
[Aog inl xb wapeXtiv xi&$xai • ovxog Si (tX<xnxux7]v tto- 
Xw, 'Pqxiov di xal, wg ov nagavoprioovoiv, av tou- 
xw xm vbfiw ivavxiav yriyov &wvxai , aXXd vo{iod-&- 
xijoovoiv, woxe pit #0ij<j#ai 66yfiaomovrjgoTgxal na- 
gavbfioig. An di xal xovxo ovfi/3i/3d£ tiv , wg old fig 
vbfiog xwXvsi to xoivbv sv noiilv • rovg di (pavXovg 
vofiovg axvgovg noiiiv , Bvegystsiv xv\v noXiv ioxL 

15. Utgl fiiv oiv xwv oaqpwg Hqrjpivwv vopwv, o.to/- 
ovg av avxwv EX<af**v, 4x xwv xoiovxwv TtgoxaxaXap- 
pdvovxsg, avxiXsytiv evnogjoofiiev, Jlsgl di xwv ap— 
<pij5oXwv idv ovxwg vnoXafipdvwoiv , wg ool ovfitpigBt, 
dit xavxa vnoduxvvuv. *Av d' w? o ivavxiog Xiytj, 
%gr\ diddoxsiv, wg o vofio&irtig ov tovxo duvouxo , o 
ov Xiysig, xal oxi-ovfiapigsi avxolg ovxw Xdynvxbvvo- 
pov. 3 £av di firj dvvaxbg rjg i7xl to ivavxiov fi£&i~ 
oxdvai, dtixvvs, wg ovdiv aXXo Xiyuv 6 ivavxiog dv- 
vaxai vopog, vj o ov, Kal negl fiiv xwv vopwv , i5f 
dti xgiio&ai, xovxov xbv xgbnov psxiwv, tvnogrjotig. 

16. Ka&oXov di, av bfioXoyr^oavxtg, ix xwv dixalwv 
xal xwv voyifiwv xyv dnoXoyiav nouio&ai piXXwotP, 
ix xovnov xa inidoSa $ri&tjoto&ai ngoxaxaXynxiov. 

17. Eav di o^oloyrjaavTsg ovyyvwfirjg a$u»at Tt;/«7v, 
«o* xgn negtaigeio&ai xa xoiavxa xwv avudixtav. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XXXVI. 117 

ITgmxov jib Xtxxiov, if xaxo^diaxegov rp, xal ug x» 
xoiavxa i^afiagxdvuv <paolv, oxav yvtto&aoiv <5<m, 
u xovko ovyyv&firiv i/erg, xal xovg aXXovg navxag 
xiv xifMtgtwv a<pi](jnt. *Exi di Xiyt, mg tl xwv hfio- 
loyovvxoiv i$ajiagxavnv dnoywieio&e, n&g xwv fir\ 
bpoXoyovvxav xaxayrjcpiHO&s; Xtxxiov di, ox$ f u xal 
i$r)fiagx*v, ovx ifii del dia xv\v xovxov afiagxlav ty- 
fiiovo&ai. Ilgbg di xovxoig Qyxiov, ig ovdi b vofio- 
&&trig xoig afiagxdvovai avyyv^fir^v%x^* ovxovv di- 
xcuor ovdi xovg dtxaaxitg xaxdxovg vofiovgxgivovxag. 
*£x fib ovv xwv xoiovxav xdg ovyyvtofiag ntgiaigqoo - 
pi&a, xa&djxtg b dgxaig dedrjXwxafiw. JZvXXtjpdriv 
di xa vno xav dvxidixav fiiXXovxa Xdyto&ai xal ngbg 
nloTiv xal dixaioXoyiav xal avyyvifirjv ix xwv ngou~ 
grjfiivMV ngoxaxaXruf/ofis&a. 18. Mtxd di xavxrjv 
xrp alxiav avaXoyrixiov iv xtyaXuiat xbv Xoyov oXov. 
Kal avvxofKog, iav Ivtiixnxai, ngbg fib xovg bav- 
tiovg tx&gav, ij bgytiv, ij qtdovov xoig dixaoxaig ^u- 
notr\xiov ngbg dirking yiXlav, qxagw, ijtXeoy. "O&iv 
Si xavxa yivexat, b tw drifirjyoQfixy, xal iitl xwv ngo- 
xgonwv xal dnoxgonwn dgyxafjisv, xal b tw anoXo- 
yyxtxy stdei ndXw inl TtXtvxqg diiSifitv. 19. Toy 
fiiv owngaxov Xoyov, iav xaxriyogwfiiv, bxotg dixu- 
v\xoig ovx& xal ovv&rjooptv xal xd$ofisv. *Eav di 
dnoXoyMfte&a, to fib ngoolfiiov Ofioioxgontag tm xa- 
XTjyogovvxt, avatr\aofiiv * x<av di xaxriyogovfiboav, a 
fib udbai xovg axovovxag inoiqat, nagaXtlif/opw 
a di doSd&iv, xavxa ngoex&ifievot, ftexctxb ngooifiiov 
diaXvoofiev, xovg xs fidgxvgag, xal xdg fiaodvovg, *al 
xovg oqxovg, aniaxovg noiyoofitv, ig ngouxyxoag* 

Digitized by GoOgle 



118 ARlSTO'fELlS BHETOR. 

tl fth tit ngayftaxa mora jj f %v\v vnig aixm dnoXo- 
yiav, inl x&f ix xov TxagaXemo/iirov xonov fiexapifid- 
£ovxeg" u d* sUv oi [idgxvgtg oi ^aaayio&ivxsg m- 
oxol, inl xov Xoyov, f} xrjy ngo&w, *f o xi avaXXosxffg 
inl xwy ivavxiwv maxoxaxov. 20* *Av di xb Xvoixs- 
Xeg, *S to t&og inxpigw, gov xaxyyogyoTi, anoXoyov 
fidXiaxce (lev, dis XvaixeXig Am xb xaxyyogov/tevoy. 
El di jjiq, oxi oix el&tocu xa xoiavxa ngdxxuv, ovxs 
ah, ovxs oi aoi o/iowt' ->j on ov xovxov top xgoitov. 
To (j.iv ovv sixbg ovx® Xvoeig. To di nagddsiyfta, 
ng&xov piv, uv dvvrj, dstxvvz, tag ov% ojiolov ioxi t$ 
iyxaXovpivw. El di py, exegov q>dgs avxbg nagddeiy*- 
pa ix xtav ivavxmv nagd xb uxbg ysvo/i&vov. To di 
xsxfirigiov Xvs, (pgd^my, nag' ag aliiag ivavxi(o&7Jvai 
avvi^ri • xdg di yvwjiag xal xa iv&vfj,rifiaxa i) nagd- 
do£a a7i6(patvs, ^ afjKplfioXa. Ta di oyjiua nXuovoav 
ovxoav an6<paive orjfiua, xal ftrj fiorov xov ool iyxa- 
Xovfiivov. Kal xa fiiv xwv ivavxiwv iitl xb ivavxioy 
ayovxtg, tj StiI xb dpcpiftoXov, ani&avct xovxov to* 
tgonov xaxaoxfjoofjiev. 21. *Av di bpoXoyafiiv xa 
iyxaXovpsva n£noir}xivm, ix x<av dixaiwv xal vopiptav 
fisxiovxsg , iwofKoxega xal dixaioxsga xa iipixBga 
unoduxvvvai nsigaoofis&a. *Av di (xri xovxo tvdtx 7 !- 
t«4, tig afidgxrjfxa r\ dxv%ri(ia xaxa<ptvyovxag , xal 
ofiixgag xag fiXdftag anocpaivovxag, ovyyvwfitjg xvy- 
%dvuv nugaxiov* xb piv apagxavuv xoivbv ndvxay 
uvfywTtcov imduxvvovxag • xb d* ddixuv, idiov xwv 
novygwv. jiiys. di, on xal imeixig xal dixaiov xal 
ovfityigov iaxlv, ovyyvaipTivbxeiv xalg afiagxiaig. Ov- 
oas yag older dv&gajuav, el xi xoiovxov aixa ovvtp- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP. XXXVI. 119 

nioy. 9 An6qpaivs xal xbv ivavxlov, «F xt iSrjfiagxsv, 
uvyyvtofirjg xvx&v ilwaoavxa. Msxd Si xavxa at 
ngoxaxaXr^)sig al vnb xwv ivavxhtv ugrjpivm* Tag 
fih ovv aXXag l£ aixuv x&v ngaypaxwv svnogr\oo^tv 
Xvstv. 22. 3 £av di duxfiaXXwoiv ^jftdg, wg ytygafifii- 
vovg Xoyovg Xiyofisv, rj Xsyeiv fuXsx&fisv, tj wg inl 
juo&o) xwh avvyyogovfitv, XQV ngbg xd xaiavxa o^xo- 
xjs fiadl£ovxag tigwvsvso&ai, xal n$gl fdv xyg ygaqtyg 
Xsys'iv ' fti] xtoXvsiv xbv vbjiov, $ avxbv ytyga/j/ASva Ai- 
ysiv, i] ixslvov aygaqpa. Tov ydg vofiov ovx t%v 
toiavxa nguxxsiv Xdysiv ds, onwg av tig jSovXqtat, 
ovyx<ogsiy. 'Ptjxsov ds xal, oxi ovxtag b ivavxlog oTf- 
xai psydXa rjdtxrfxivai, max ov vofiituv jisxa* a£lav 
%axj\yogi\oai, ti /atj ygdcpoifii, xal noXvv zqovov axf- 
ipalfiTiv. Jlsgl piv ovv xdg x&v ysygafipjtvonr Xoytav 
diafioXeig ovtug dnavxr\xsov. 23.*Av ds ydcfxwoiv, 
7]fiag Xiynv jiav&dvtiv, xal ftsXnav, bfioXoyrioavxtg 
igov^sv fjfisiq ji&v oi ftav&dvovtsg, vg qtyg, ov (pi- 
Xodixoi io/isv ' ov ds 6 Xiynv fiij imoTafAtvog, xal 
vvv fj/iag xal ngoxsgov ictXwg ovxocpaviwv • tloxs Av- 
otxsXsg qpavsXzai xoig noXixaig, xaxsivov [iav&dvsiv $7}- 
xogsvuv * off ydg ovxm novr\gbv ovds ovxocpdvxrjv av- 
xov elvai. 24. Tov avxov ds xgonov, xav ytidg inl 
pto&<p ovvrjyogtiv Xsytj xtg, bfioXoyyeavTsg sigwvsv- 
oofis&a, xal xbv aXxm^svov r^idg inidsl^o^sv xovxo 
noiovvxa, xal xovg aXXovg anavxag. Tcuv ds piod&v 
dtaigsiv xd sidrj, xal Xsysiv, &g ol [*sv M XQW aiSlv 9 
ol di inl xagustv, ol ds inl rifiwgiaig, oi ds inl xifiatg 
ovvtjyogovoiv. Avxbv fisv ovv dnocpaivs dia x n H lv M 
owrwoQovvxa, Tov d 3 ivavtlov Xsys ovds inl pixcy 

Digitized by GoOgle 



120 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR, 

uio&w ovvtiyogeXr. "Ontig ydg XdPy agyvgiov v 
ddlxwg, ovx onooq fit] ixtlatj, dixd&Tai. Tw avrut 
di rgonq), xal idv Tig tjfiag dixd&o&ai Ttvag Xiyy di- 
ddoxsiv, ij Xoyovg dixavtxoitg ovyygdcpeiv. *Anoq>cuve 
ydg xal tovg aXXovg anavrag, xa&* ooov dvvavtat, 
tovg ifiXovg ctxpeXuv, -xal diddoxovrag. xal ovp(lov- 
Xtvovtag ' xal ovjwg hxsxv&g ntgl twv toiovtohv 
anutvTTjGtig. 25. Xgrj dixalntgl Tag igmyoBig xal Tag 
inojtgloHg, oTioocu niJiTovoiv* tig id xoiavra ti'dtj, 
(tij §r*&v t uwg %x uv > <xXXd diaxgiveiv Tag opoXoyiag 
xal Tag dgvyosig iv Taig anoxgiotoiv. 'OftoXoyiai (ikv 
ovv tioiv ai Totaids' dnixxuvag (tov Tov vlov ani- 
xTStva, ng&Ttgov in i/ti oidr^gov dgd/46vov. Swixo- 
ydg (tov tov vlov ' sytoyt, idixoav x H Q& v Sgxovta. 
Kaiin$dg (tov Ti)v xtyaXfp ' iyia, fita&pbvov oov vv* 
XTag slg JtjV i(xr\v olxiav uoiivai. Al (iiv ovv xoiat/- 
rai ofidXoylou t§ v6[ti(tq> mortvovoai opoXoyovvTai. 
jl& di Toiald* aovi]oug nagaxXlvovoi tov vdfiov ' ani- 
xtuvdg (tov tov vlov • oix tytayt, aX£ o vopog* Ta 
di Toiavra ndvTa ovt<d del vnoxgivto&ai, otav t&v 
voftMv o (*€V xtXevy tovto noiuv, o di xaXvp. Ta 
(iiv ovv ngogTovg avTifiixovg ix xovxwv anavTtav ow- 
dUig. 26- MtTa di Tama naXiXXoyia, twv elf ij/*«- 
vwv tidy ovvropog avdiAvrjotg. Xgrjoi(iog di iori «a- 
gd ndvTug Tovg xatgovg* wow xal nagd (tigog xal 
nagd tldog tiJ naXiXXoyla ZQijoriov, MaXioTa $' ag - 
(iotth ngbg tag xaxr\yogiag xal Tag anoXoylag • Ixt 
di ntgl Tag ngoTgondg xal dnotgondg. Ov ydg (id- 
vov dvapvyoai duv <pa(iiv ntgl rwy ugrj(t£v(OV irtav- 
&a, x adding xal inl twv iyxapluv xal tw xaxoXo- 

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AD ALEXANDRIA CAP. XXXVI. 121 

yi&¥, aXXi xal ngog fjpag xovg xgvtag ev dia&tivai, 
xal ngog xovg bavxiovg xaxStg • Si o xal xtXtvxaioy 
xovxo x&y iy t«3 Xoyt$ pegwy xaxxofjuy. 27. "Eon b*k 
firrjfiovutop noiuy iy x«faXal(o t anoXoyttofievov ntgl 
tw tig^^hmy, tj diaXoy&optyoy, rj ngootgwxwyxa, 
xiv fiiv oavxov xi fiiXxioxa • top 5' ivayxl&y xa q>av- 
Xoxaxa ' u Se (IovXh, igtoxrjoiug <JXW<* itoirioapsyoy* 
Olov di xovrmv txaoxov ioxiv, ix x&y ngoxigw to fit*. 
28. Ev de $ia&Tjaofity fipaQ, xal xovg ivayxlovg ta- 
xing, montg inl x&y ngoxgon&y xal anoxgon&y, vno- 
yalvoyrtg x&paXatwdwg, i<p' olg tv nmoirjxafisy xovg 
adixovvxag, ij noiovfiev, ij notyoofiev, rj aiftol, Jj ripi- 
xtgoi qpiXoi, ij avxovg, rj my xydo pivot xvyx&vovotv, i} 
ndXiy xovg xglvovxag avxovg, ? wv xtidoptyoi xvyx&- 
vovob • xal ditfrovxtg avxolg, ig vvv xaigbg, xotgirotg 
tjutr t(ov intjgyfiivGiy anodovvai* xal ngog xovxoig 
IXeuyovg qpag avxovg xa&iexdvxeg , iav hdixfltai* 
Tovxo di noitjoofity , imdeutvvvxtg , ug ngig xovg 
axovovxag oixslwg 1%°^* * a * availing dvaxv/ov/dty, 
xaxwg ngoxsgov nsnov&6x$g, ij vvv ndoxovxkg, % nt t- 
ooficyoi, iav pr\ por\d<ooi iffiiy ovxoi. *Eav 5s (ty 
xoiavxa vndgxfj, fothovxtg, xlvav aya&wv ioxtgtj(jie- 
#«, V oxsQtox6fu&a, ij oxsgfjo6fie&a, bXiywgri&ivxtg 
vno xfoy xgivovxtav, ij atg aya&ov prjdinoxt ixvxofi^v, 
r t ny imxvyxdvofiey, jj ftij imxsv$6iit&a, fii} xovxiav 
flfuv ovfiPofi&rjOayxtov. 'Ex yag xovxwv iXstivovg xa- 
xaoxtjoofisv r\(iag avxovg, xal ngog xovg axovovxag 
sv Sia&rjoofiEV. 29. JiaflaXovptv ds xovg avxidixovg , 
xal ip&oytio&ai noiijoofjiey ix xwv ivavxiwv xovxotg, 
anoyalvoyxsg, vnb xovxav, n xiav xovxoig cpttav tovg 

Digitized by GoOgle 



122 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

axovovxag, rj nv avxol xxfiovxai, xttxwg nsnov&oxag, 
% ndoxovxag, t) nsiooftivovg nagd xb ngotryxov. *Ex 
yag xw xoiovxiov xal fiioog xal ogyrjv ngbg avxovg 
iSovatv. "Av di [1% xavxa ivdizvp cti, avvd$opiv i£ wv 
tp&ovov xolg axovovoi xotra xwv ivavxl&v igyotoope&a* 
To yag q>&ovsiv nXijoiov xov /aiauy itrti. &&ovt}0ov- 
xai di ovXXrjftdyv, idv avaUovg avxovg sv ngdxxovxag 
unocpalvwuzv , xal ngbg xovg axovovxag- aXXoxgtwg 
exovxag, du$iovxeg, u>g aya&d noXXa nbixov&aoiv adi- 
xcog, rj ndoxovoiv, % fisXXovat nelasa&ai, rj dya&ov 
ovdinta ngoxsgov ioxtg^&^oav, % vvv ov axsgtoxovxoci, 
i] ov axsgrjaovxat , ij xaxov ovdinta xexvxyxoxsg , i\ 
vvv ov xvyxdvovxsg, 1} ov xtvSopcvoi, iav pr^ vvv av- 
xovg ol xgtxal xoXdowoiv. *Ex xovxcov fiiv ovv iv xolg 
iniXoyotg tiftevwg fiiv avxovg, xax&g dixovg ivavxiovg 
dta&r}OOfiev. *Ex di xwv ngongyfiivfov andvxav iv~ 
rixvMg *<xl tag xaxr\yoglag xal tag dnoXoylag xdSofisv. 
CAjPUT XXXVII. 
To 6° ifrxaoxixbv if dog avxb fiiv *a& iavxb oi 
noXXaxtg ovvioxaxm, xolg di aXXoig tl'dfoi fiiyfvxai, 
xal fidXiaxa ngbg xag dvxikoyiag xgyoifiov ioxiv, Od 
iiv\v «AA* ontag ftr^di xovxov xijv xd$iv ayvo&fisv, ay 
no& ftiuv Xoyov, in (tiov, ?j nga$tv av&gwnav, tj 3tot- 
xrjoiv noXsag Qsxa&iv <n//u/5ij, dU&ifii xal negl xov- 
xov xeqiaXaieodwg. 2. <Pgoifuaoxiov fiiv ovv ox^dbv 
bpoioxgonag xolg dia^Xrifiivoig, xal xolg i$sxd£ovoi 
xavxa. "Slate ngoydoug iv ugxaig svXoyovg ivsyxov- 
xeg, di ag do^ofiiv slxoxtog xovxo notelv, ovxag inl xr t v 
iUxaoiv riSofiiv. 'AQfiooovoi di ai xoiaide, iv pip xolg 
TToXiTDtdtff ovXXoyoig, wg ov cpdovuxia xb xotovxov 

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AD ALEXANDRIA. CA£. XXXVI II. 123 

notovfisp, (JwU* ottgoq fiy Xd&T] xovg axovorxag* uxaoxi 
rjpcig oxnoi ngwxatg tjv^o/Xtjoccv ' h £i xolg idiots, ij 
ty&Qav, fj xd e&ri tw 4Uta£ofisv<or qwvXa opxu, ij 
cpiXiap nobg xovg &c Tafo/ierov? , ij oirng ipipxng , a 
ngdrxdvin, fi^niuxavta noijauwiv dp di xolg dypo- 
ijtoig xi vofiifiov, xo dtxeuov, to toi xoo'w ovfupioov. 3* 
<&QOlpiaod[t€P6l ti* '*i* xovxw kb* twj> tovto<$ o/uou>- 
tgonmp, i(pt$ii g txaoxop itooxt&ifitpot x&p Qij&tpxwv, if 
TtQttX&irtMv, V dlavoti&irtwy $$&xdoofi$p, 4p6*txpvpx*g 
ctvxcc xccl xoig dixaloig', xdi xolg pojilpoig, xa* xolg idh* 
xal xoivy ov(4<p€Qovoiy ipainiovpipa, xal ndvxa oxo- 
novvxtg, ttnov ctvxi avxolg ioxip iravfla, tj xolg jj&toi 
tap XQticrt&y dp&gwncjr, % tdig sixoow. 4»°fyotdi(i^ 
ptjxvpwpvp tip Xoyop Xa&' fp txaoxop Xiyopxtg, lay 
civ nXeloat xwp Mo£top imxydsv ft drear, ij ngaypdxar, 
% Xoyav, tj i&wr, ipavxiovfiBpa xa x&p i$tx*£o(iip»P 
anocpalvofiiy xoig dxovovoi, xooovxw fiaXXop oi £sta- 
£6 pivot, adofova*. 5. /In di nycgo) i<a ij&ti ftr] i£tta- 
f«y, dXXa ngau. Tovxop yag top xgonop oi Xoyopyt- 
yvoptpoi ni&ttvcixtQoi tpavyoopxai xotg axovovow. Oi 
di Xiyopxtg avxovg TJxurra diapdXXovoiP* 6. "Oxup di 
ndvxa axgip&g i^xaxig avSyoyg aixa, hotXiXXoyiaP 
inl tff xslevxjj ovvtofiov ttoItjoov, xctl tovg axgoa* 
tag nsgl tmv UQfifi&pav dvdpvrjoov. Ta pip ovv slty 
nipt a xovxop top xgonop xdxxovxtg, ivxixv&g nvxolg 
Xgrjoofit&a. 

CAPUT XXXV11I. 
'Jit di xctl Xiyovxag xal ygdyovxag oti fidXioxa 
nngao&ai xaxd xd nrngayfiivct xovg Xoyovg itnodt- 
doptu,*xal awi&Ktw avxovg xovxoig anaoiv 45 Sw- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



124 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

pov XQyo&cti. Kal negl piv ovv tov liyuv ivrixvag, 
xal iv toig idiots, xal iv toig xoivoig a/wat, xyv tatg 
ngog toig allovg op dice ig , ivttv&tv nldotag xal 
rtxYutwratag aq>ogpdg ffcoficv. 2. Xgy di xcil tyv ini^ 
piXuav ttoiuo&cu py povov negl tovg loyovg, alii 
xalntgltovfiiov tov avtov, dtaxoopovvta toig Idiaig 
taig ngongtjpivaig. Svp^dlletat ydg r\ negl tor (Hop 
notoaoxevi) xal ngog to nei&ew, xal ngog to dotyg im- 
Hxovg rv/zdvuv. 3. Ilg&tov piv ovv duliodai, XQV 
%a ngaypata xata tijv olqv tov naidsvpatog diat- 
geow , onng&tov, j} dsvtegov, i} tgitov, n thagtov 
petaxeigiatiov • tlta oavtov notsio&ai, nagaaxevip, 
&oneg iv toig ngooiploig dirjl&opev t« negl t&v axgoa- 
Twy. 4. Evpevy piv ovv tot negl oeavtov noiyaug, 
iav olg opoloyetg ippivyg, xal dtaipvldttyg (filovg 
tovg aitoig diet navtog tov (Hov, xal negl t&v all&v 
imtydevpawv <pcuvp py pe&totdpevog, al£ del roig 
aitoig xgotpevog. Hgooe£ovoi> di ooi, iav peydlag 
xalmalag petaxeigitg tag ngdfrig , xal toig nolloig 
avpyegovoag, JEipeveig di yevdpevoi, oiav inl tcoV 
ngalseav ysvy, oaai tStv xaxav anotgont^v sxovot T«wy 
di dya&uv nagovoiav, tavtag piv, &g ovpyegovoag 
aitoig, anodil-ovtac oocti di tavavtia nagaoxevaZov- 
aiv aitoig, tavtag dnodoxipdoovoiv. 5. *Avtl di xoii 
taxuav xal aagpij xal py Smotov t%v dir^y^Qtv li- 
yea&ai, tag ngdteig del tavtag notfio&ai. Ta- 
xing fUv ovv inuslioug, ay py ndvta ngdtteiv Spa 
fiovlij, dllu ngoteyov to ngwtov, enetta to i£Jjj?. 
Ka&agwg di, av pi) taxi tyg ngdUtog navopevog allot 
*Q*yputa pttaxugity, nglv tavtr^v imtelioat. My 

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AD ALEXANDRUM. CAR XXXVIII. 125 

Sniorog dij av pq naga to y&og to oavtov ngaTtygi 
Ugbg di tovtotg, avpt] ngoonotrj, toig avtovg ix&goig 
xal ylXovg thai oo*. 6. *£* di Twy niottuv Xtiyopt&a, 
ntgl &v piv inunryLip txopty, xata ti\v tavvr\g #ij- 
yi\oiv tag ngalug imttXtiv. Iltgl iv di tvyxdvoptv 
iyvoovvng, xata to ag inl [to] noli wp/taivov. 
*Ao<paXiot at ov yap ngdttuv ntgl twv ovtag ixbvtuv, 
ngbg to tla&bg ino^Xinovtag. JSig di toy ngbg toig 
ivtidlxovg aymva iv ph toig Xoyoig ix tStv XtXtypi- 
ftoy noirjoopsv (St^aiotrita ntgl i)pwr. Ev di toig 
ovpfloXalotg tovto noiyaopsv, iavxata tovg vopovg 
avta pttaxtig^otptd'a toig ayoaqpovg xal tovg yt~ 
ygappsvovg ptxa pagtvgtav &g ptXtlotmv bgi&pivoig 
ZQOvoig. 7. *E* Si tov imXoyov ntgl piv tStv XiXtypi- 
ttov avativi}ooptv toig axgoatag, Ta ngax&ivxa i* 
xtqpaXalta av&ig tinovrtg. a JE$ uv dh ngattoptv, ava- 
pvtjooptv ovtiog, intidctv tag avtag nga^ng , i\ tag 
bpoiag pttaxtigi&pt&a tatg ngotigaig. Qdixwg di 
dtaxsiaovtai ngbg fipig, iavngattoiptv, & tov tv *M- 
nov&tvat dotovoiv, i) ndoxtiv, V ntlato&ai. MtyaXa 
di ngd$optv, lay noXXwv altlovg xal xaXmv ngaltig 
pttaxsig&wpt&a. Kal tovtov piv tov tgbnov XQn ** 
xata tov piov avtov naguoxtva£tw ix di tr\g ngoti- 
gag ovvtd^etog ntol toig Xoyovg yvpvd£to&ai* 

[Tag di &volag del noitiv, ig ngotlgn** 1 ' nQ°J5 
piv &tovg oolong • ngbg di tag danavag pttgtog* ngog 
dixag dwglag Xapngag • nobg di toig noXltag aiqp*. 
Xipng. Kal ngbg piv tovg &tovg boiag l&ovoiv, lav 
xata ta natgia Vvapsv ngbg di tag danavag ptigi- 
mg, iav pn ta ntpnopiva n&v^ toig danavuptvoig 

Digitized by GoOgle 



|26 ARISTOTELIS RHETOR. 

avvaXiax^tar ngig ds tag &mgiag Xapng5g, iavfie- 
yaXongsncog <»<r* xoytsaxsvotapsya * ngog ds xovg 
noXhag wcpellficag , ictv innsig xal OTiXtteu di$- 
oxsvaofiivoi avfinofinsvaai. Ta piv dy ngog rovg 
•freovg ovno ywopsva oolcog &p ffcoi. ftdietv ds oxr}- 
OQus&a ngog tovg bfioiOTQOTtovgfifiivr xal otg iamb 
ovpyigu, xal otg nsgl ta fidyiaroi avayxalov iatnf 
■t#uy xoiv&vsiv ♦ % yag Toiavxri fiocXiara avfA^aivsi <pi- 
Xia. JZvftfiaxovg d* noLtia&ai tovg dixaiotatovg, 
xal jovg dvva/iiv noXX^v sxovjag, xal tovg nXr^aiov 
xaxotxovwag* ix&gobg ds tovg ivavxlovg Tovrotg* 
IIoXspov ds algsio&ou ngog xovg adixslv imxsigovv^ 
tag ii\v noXiv, % tovg (plXovg, % tovg ovppaxovg av- 
irig. Tovg ds q>vXaxag avayxalov sxsiv % ^* avT&r, 
§ dia T«y ovfinaxtiv, y diit £iv(ov ' xal ngtoxov psv di 
kavr&v dsvtsgov ds dia avfifi&x* * " ighov ds dux £i- 
vav. Ilsgl ds nogov ^^/uazwif xgarwrov (iiv ctn& 
%<&v Idifov ngoaodtav % xt^fidrav * dsvtsgov ds una 
twv TL^^dicoy • rghov ds TcJf nsv^xonv t« a»^«T« 
nagsxovtwv Xsnovgyslv ' t<3v da Tsxvnav onXa • ttav 
ds nXovalpav XQW<**<*" Ilsgl noXaslag ds, dtjfioxga- 
via pb> agiOTt}, iv ji ol vopoi tdig agioroig rag tipag 
anoyifiovoi' to di TtX^og pfts x^gotovlag, ptittipn- 
<pocpoQictg soisgytai, • xctxioTrj ds, iv y tw nXr^dsi na- 
gadidbaoiv ol vofioi rovf nXovtovvtag v(igl£uv* OiU- 
yagxi&v ds slat dvo jgonot* ij yag *£ hraigiag, rj ano 
j&v wpriftaxinr. Jloisio&cfi ds ovpfidxovg avayxal- 
ov iajiv , otoiv ol noXltai pi} Tvyxavcoat, di kavt&v 
dvvajol %7\v xwgav xalra (pgovgia yvXdxTSiv, ij tovg 
noXtfitovg apvvsa&ar nvgiso&ai ds dst ovjifiotxiav/iTa* 

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AD ALEXANDRUM. CAP, XXXVU1. 127 

(it) ayayxtf Tig tj noiuo&at avtyy, rj {tax par toT? to- 
noig dmxoaot xal advvatoi woi xatit rovg ngoarixoy- 
ta$ 7ragayiyeo&a* xaigovg, JloXiirjg di aya&og iaxiv, 
oarig yiXovg piv xg^iportdiovg ijj noXemagaoxtvd- 
fct, (x&QOvg di iXaxioxovg xal au&eveojuxovg • x«l 
ooTig nXeiaxag ngoaodovg nagaaxevd&t,, t <uj» iduatny 
firjdiva dryievay • xa* oot*£ kavxby dixatov nagextav 
tovg adixovvxdg xi xtov xotvuv i$exd£ei* /Itngovvxai 
di ndyxtg, iXnl£oyxtg wysXri&rioeo&ai, if xm ngoxi- 
gav evegytamy %dgiv dnodidoyxtc. ' fjirigexovoi di 
ndvxeq xegdovg evsx&v, ij Tl l*V$> V ydovrig, i) (p6fiov. 
ZwaXXaxxovoi di ndvxeg rj xaxd ngoaigeaiv, ijdxot/- 
alcog • at yag ngd&ig tmxeXovvxai naacu i) did (May, 
ijf dia nei&a, r\ di dndxr^g t ij did ngocpdosoag. *Ev di 
noXe/*(o ntgiyivovxai noXefiovyxtg ij did xvx^t V ^ tu * 
oa(it*Tfav Ttlri&og, ij gwfitjv, i) did XQ r H JL ^' t(av svno- 
glav, rj did xonoav evcpviav, if di agtxriv ovufidxwv, 
ij 5ii axgax%yov yyo!>pr}v+ 3 EyxaxaXmuv di xoi'g 
avfifidxovg vnoXappdvovai diiv, ij did xb fidXXov 
ovfitpiguy xovxo, ij did xb xaxaXvoao&ai xbv noXe- , 
fiov. dixaia di ngaxxeiy iaxl xb totg xoivoXg xr\g 
noXeatg ri&eoiv tneo&ai, xaig vbjioig neideod-ai, xal 
xaig idiaig bfioXeylaig iufiiyeiy. Zvpyiqei di aw^a- 
n fiiy tvagla, xalxdlXog, xal gafirj, xalvyeia* yv%]l , 
de <jo<f>la, (pgovrjotg, dydgia, ooxpgoovyrj, dtxaioovvt) • 
ovvaficpoxigoig di xovxoig XQW&ta, * a * qtikoi. Aovp- 
(poga di x&yayxia tovtw. HoXei di ovpyigoy nXy- 
&og noXixuty.] 



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\.-- 



ARISTOTELIS 

OPERA OMNIA. 



VOL. XIV. 

iKBDMTi PROBLEMATA. 



Digitized by C 



Digitized by GoOgle 



X 



JlLqq §^f] ftdr av r/<;/^ara 
r q idxovr a bar a. 



ARISTOTELIS 

PROBLEMATA. 



AD 
OPTIMORUM LIBRORUM FIDEM 

ACCURATE EDITA. 



EDITIO 8TBRE0TYPA.U^\<, r 




**t*w¥-k* 



LIPSIAE 

4UMT1BUS BT TYPI8 CAR. TAUCHWITII. 
18 32. 

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PROBLEMATUM 
ARGpENTUM.' 



JLJignissimnm lcctu atqne utilissimum hoc quacstionmn 
solutionumque volumen, quamquam non totum, nttamen 
raagnam partem ab ipso Aristotele profectum esse non 
dubilari dehct; qui, ut erat onioj* rerum naturae solcr- 
tissimus indngator, ubicumque in re aut arte ac discipli- 
ua aliqua Iracinnda inciderat in qnaestionem aliquam 
peculiarem expeditu difficilem, eas omnes separato sihi 
volumine aduotarat, hac usus forma : Quomodo Jit, ut 
etc.? — Fortasse quia etc.; interdum forsitan etiaiu 
nulla addita solution' 1 . Id volumen credi potest deinde 
ab aliis auctum amplificatumqnecsse quumquaestionibus 
turn solutionibns ; sicuti et serioribus temporibus alii rx- 
titerunt similium problematum auctores, ut Plutarchus, 
Alexander Aphrod. Cassiusque, quorum duorum pro- 
blcmata olim rum Aristotelicis a Sylburgio sunt edita, 
et inter recentioresZimara, Scaliger, et alii. — Quod au- 
tern Aristotelicas atlinet quaestiones , hoc hie praemo- 
nendum videtur, textum librorum in hoc magis, quam in 
ullo alio opere comparerc corruptum; maxime in solu- 
tionibus. In qua re omnino hoc teneat lector, longe po- 
tiores^sibi esse deb ere ipsas quaestiones vel longissimis 
•omtitfnibus ; quae nunqaam a quoquam in plerisque his 
rebus ita aut sunt datae ant dari unquam possnnt, ut ve- 
AxiiiT. Problem. 

Digitized by GoOgk 



n PROBLEM. ARGUMENTUM. 

rior solutio inveniri nulla queat. — Textum nos seqtii- 
mur Casaubonianum ; notavimusque locos in problema- 
tibiis , in qui bus de iisdem rebus agitur, numeris plerum— 
que duobus , quorttm prior ad sectionem , alter ad pro- 
blem a refertur. 

Agitur autem in sectione 1. de rebus quae ad medici- 
nam pertinent ; 2. de sudore ; 3. de vini potu et vinolen- 
tia ; 4« de re venerea ; 5. de labore $ @. de sessione, accubitu 
et corporis habilu; 7. de consensu naturae animantium; 
8. de rigore et horrore ; 9. de vibicibus et cicatricibus ; 
10. de variis rebus pbysicis ; 11. de voce sonoque,; J& 
de bene olentibus ; 13. de male olentibus ; 14. de regio- 
num babitibus ; 15. de rebus mathematicis et coelestibus; 
16. de rebus inaniraatis$ 17. de rebus animatis ; I8.de 
literarum studiis$ 19. de concentu; 20.de stirpibus $ 21. 
de farina et id genus aliis ; 22. de fruclibus arborum ; 23. 
de inari eiusque salsedine 5 24. de aquis calidis 5 25. de 
aere 5 26. de veutis j 27. de metu et fovtitudine $ 28. de 
temperanlia et intemperantia , continentia et incontinen- 
tia j 29. de iusiitia j 30. de prudentia, niente et sapientia; 
31. tie oculis; 32.de auribus; 33.de uaribus; 34. de 
ore et iis, quae in eo sunt ; 35. de tactu; 36* de facie ; 37» 
de toto corpore j 38* de colore. 



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APIST0TEA0T2 
nPOBAHMATA. 



SECTIO 1. 

*Ooa IctTQixa. 

Aia %i al fityaXai vnsQpoXal voowdsig ; *H oti into- 
$oXi\v fj eXXsiipw noiovoi; TovToder t v yvooog. — 2. 
Jia xi [ds] tag voaovg vyid£ovoi noXXdxig, oxav no- 
Xv ixoTJj iig • xal ivlav laxgSiv TOiavir) r) Tfyvrj,' vntQ- 
fioXaig ydg Iwyjou, *J oivov, *J vdatog, 1} aXfirjg, t) oi- 
tov, ri Xtpov. *H oti ivavita aXXrjXoig to, tv\v voaov 
noiovvTa,eU to ftioov ay si <&aTEQOvkxuTEQOV; — S.dia 
%i al t&v aoav (isTaftoXal xal nvsvfiata iniTilvovaiv 
i) navovoi , xal xgivovai Tag voaovg xal noiovoiv ; H 
on dtQiialxal tpvXQoti slow, xal vygal xal £r}QaL • al 
ds voaoi, xovTtov tlalv vnsg^oXai - i) de vysia, iooTrjg* 
*Eav ovv 5i vyQOTrjraxal \pv$iv , r) ivavrla wga nav- 
«• iav di [pi] ivavxia &ga I'^ta*, r\ ofioia xgdaig 
intysvopivT) , initsivs xal dvsiXs. diet xavia dt xal 
vooi£ovoiTovg iyialvovtag, oti fiexapoiXXovaaiXvov^ 
oi riiv xq&oiv. c ldfia yag Tatg olxuaig agaig xai 
, f/Xixiaig xal Tonoig av£awcw. Jio del to Taig (itTa- 
Arist. Probl. a 

Digitized by GoOgle 



2 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

fioXalg \1aX10xa diaxvfiegvav. "O de [xd$6Xov] nsgl 

xwvagwv d'yriTcu, xal xaxd pigog xb\ avxb atxtov. Ai 

ydg x&v nvevfidxav pexafioXa* > xal xav %XixiS>v xal 

xontav, agag xivog elai iisxafioXaL Jib xal xavxa 

imxeivtixal naiei, xalxghsixalnoitl, wsneg alwgcu, 

xal imxoXal xav Saxgtav, &oneg 'Jlgiwv, xal'Agxxov- 

gog, xal IlXsidg, xal Kvtov • [uoneg nvevfidxtov, xal 

vddx(ov,xalevdi(*v,%alxsittwv(ov,xal aXiag."} — 4. Aid 

xi iv xatg (iexa(5oXaig t<Sj> &gw ipixoig [ov] del xgq- 

o&ai; *H%va pr] yev^xai ovvxdga$ig, diayogav yevo- 

ftivwv x&v n eg ixxw pdiwv iv pjj fiexa^oXfj / -— 5. Aict xi 

xal ol xi/SdfjXi&vxeg, xal ol vnb Xipov xovg nodag oi- 

dovoiv ;*H did xyv fjvvxri&v dpyoxegoif avvxr\xovxai 

de olfih fo« Xipbv, dia xb pi} oXag Xa^dveiv xgo- 

yi\v • ol de xi(fir\XUavxig t did to ptidh rmoXaiuv ijg 

anoXa^dvovai xgayyg. — 6. Aid xi [ovxtav] xm dnb 

XoXqg voortfidxnv iv xto &igei (nvgixxovoi ydg pdXt- 

oxa iv xm &igei) xd blia anb xoXrjg avxa iv x$ %ei- 

pwvt, yivexai paXXov ; [*H] diixi pexd nvgexoy avxa 

6$ict caw, did xb (tiaia ehar % de fiia , nag* q>vaiv. 

e Tygaivofxivtov ydg xivwv xontav, &sg(iri q>Xey(iaatayi^ 

vexar % de fagiiaoi* 9 vnegP*XJi degfioxyxog ovoa, 

noiit xovg nvgexovg. °£v fiev oiivx& &igu, tygal 

xal &egpai eloiv [en] viQW iv de tw *6if4<5w vygal 

xal&egpai' dib os&at. Taxewg ydg ivaigovw ov 

ydg &iXei n&Txeo&ui did to nXrj&og xov nsgiTt»(ia~ 

xog. - — 7. Aid xl nox8 5 Xoift.bg \kiv*{ xmv vooon? paXi- 

tsxa xovg nXi}oid£ovxag xotg foganevopivotg ngooa- 

vanifinXfiaiv ,• "fl oxi fi6vr\ %$*v voowv xotvti iaxif 

vnaoiv • aoxs did xovio ndoiv iiwpign xbv Xotfibv, 



SECTIO I. PROBL. 4 — 9. 3 

0001 (pavXwg sxovxtg ngovndgxovoi. Xal ydg did 
xb vnixxavpa xr\g vooov xyg nagd xav &tganevo(ie- 
V(ov yivofjiivrjg , xaxitog vnb xov ngdypaxof aXloxov- 
rcei. — 8. Aia xi tov xiifiwvog /Sogslov ysvouivov, idv* 
xb sag snofiflgov ysvrjxav xal voxiov , xb &igog ro- 
o&dsg yivsxai nvgsxdig xal oq>&aXfiiaig;"lI bxi xd xs 
awuaxa ixdixexat xb &igog, noXXr^v sxovxot dXXoxgiav 
vygbxuxa* xal f) yr\ xal xonog, h eJ av oixdioi, yl- 
vsxai stpvdgog, xal xoiovxog oloi Xiyovxai oi del vo- 
omdsig xonoi / Tlg&xov fiiv ovv oq>&aXfiiat yivovxai, 
Trjxofis'vTjg xyg nsgl xqv xtyaXyv mgixxcootng • inuxa 
nvgsxoL dsi ydg vor^oai, oxi xb avxb xal dsgiioxa- 
xov ylvsxai, xal tyvxgoxaxov olov,vdotg xalXi&og, 
v ph £tf , to ds xdu fidXXo>» *Ev xs ovv digi nylyr\ 
yivsxai, dtopaivopivov xov. digog 61a ndxog • xal iv 
xolg oatftaoiv aoavxag nviyrj xal xavfiaxa • (to ds iv 
xolg otofiaoi xavpa , nvgsxog iaxvv) iv ds o<p&uXudig 
Sy&aXpiai. "QXmq ds xal rj fitxafloXij ioxvgd ovoa, 
xa otopaxa y&sigei, oxav xov ddgog vygov *6vxog, sv- 
&vg imXappdyT] xb &igo?, &sgpbv o> xal tygov. *Exi 
di xaXenabxegov , idv xal xb digog snonfigov yivqxai. 
Exu yag b yXiog vXrjv, rp noirjoei, fylv , xal iv xolg 
ow/naoL xaliv Tif yjj xal digi* dib yivovxai nvotiol 
xal oqp&aXfilat. — 9. did xiidv o^ei^civ voxiog yivri- 
xai xal snofifigog ,. xb ds sag avxwgbv xal floguov, 
voo&dsg yivsxau xal xo sag xal xb&igog; ['if} 01* 
iv (iiv tw j?ei/*cm did xr\v aXiav xalvygixrixa, bpoiag 
xa odftaxa didxttxat xjj Sga; € Tygd ydg dvdyxri shat 
xal ov owsoxfixoxa. Ovxw ds ix6vx(ov r xb sag yy- 
%gbv ov, sJiriU xal iaxXngvvsv avx& did xov avxpov- 

A 2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



4 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

"Slats talg (xiv xvovoaig o xoxog itxgivbg tig ixTgwttg 
yipeiai , diet ri t v &egpaoiap xal top ocpaxtXtOfibp top 
yivofievop vnb trig Sygug ipvxgoTi]iog, aTS ovx ixxgi- 
vofiivijg tijg vygoTtj jo g ' xa de xvoptpa naidla, audt- 
vr\ yhsTat xal nriga, diu ir\v v7isg i 3okr i v tov ipv%ovg. 
2v/.i(3t(3r]xs yaq tots yiprwfitpa [& evdia,~]xal gvqtv- 
vou xcuTgayyvcu iv tjJ Tixovoy. Tolg de aXXoig, uts 
[iv tw eagij oix unoxu&agdiptog tov yXiyfiaTog 
[pLci] ir\v vnsgjhXTjv, (o ov{ipaivsi vTav aXturbv yi- 
w\Tai) aXXa dia y>v/og ovojaviog , otglv imXdPfl to 
&sgog, xalij aXia Trjxovoa fila, ToTg per %oX(6deoi xal 
£r i go7g, dice to firj disgct elvai toc ow/taia aiiolg , «A- 
Xa ti)p cpvow avop e'xeiv, ylvovrai fitv vyg6Ti]Tsg, av- 
ion de Xenial* aiare ocp&aXplaig hjgatg aXloxoptat' 
ol de cpXeypaitods ig , figayxoig, xal elg ibv nvsv^iovoi 
xaidggoig. Tdig yvvai$l de dvotPTsgiai ylvoviai, 
dia trjv vyg6ii}ia xal yjvxgoTrjia jyg cpvosag • io7g 
de ysgandgoig anonXij^iat, OTar a&goop Xvd ep vygov 
inineaji , xal dc uodevuav tov ovj*<pvtov &£Qfiov 
nayjj. — 10. Am tI, iav pep to &tgog avxpygcp yivr k - 
rai xal fioguov, to de fAtTontogov epaviiop, vygbv xal 
votiov , ip t<w #Et|Uam xeqpaXaXylai is ylpoviai , xal 
PgayXOi>, xal fiweg, xal iiXevxutoiv eig q>dlosig;*H on 
Xttfiftavu vXrjp noXXyv 6 x&ifA(6p' ojot atTai sgyov iotl, 
nifcou ti]p vygoTtjia xal (pXiypa no^aai ; *Ep pip ovv 
lalg xecpaXalg , oiap vygaola yeptjtat, fiocgq noieX' 
tap de y noXXrj xal vjvxgu , qcpaxtXiofiovg. *Eav ds 
dfa nXrj&og pij ntjfy , $u elg tov ixoptpop zonov • 
odrv at (tr\x*g xal ol. Pgdyxoi, xal ai cp&oai ylvov- 
Tai V" H« dta t/> idv ftogeiov yivrpai to &egog xal 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO I. PROBL. 9—14. 5 

aixfitofitG* *«* T0 ftrtOTtwQor, avftqpigH ioiq (pXtypa- 
Tiodwi xal t«T? yvvai^iv ; 'jF/ot* r\ qpvoig inl &ajega 
afiqxnv vnegfiaXXei ; ware tig toivavxlov ^ uaga tlxv- 
oaoa , xa&loTT)Oiv tig jr\v tvxgaolav* xal nagaxgi}- 
paTt vyiahovoiv, iotv firj n di lavxobq afxaQTixvojor 
xal tig iov xtitmva ov% iygol dqpixvovvrai , txovxtg 
vmxxavpaTa toi yvxzi* — 12. diet tl tolg xoXddtoi 
voowdig ioTt to fioouov xctl avxpwdeg &igog xctl /ue- 
totkoqov; "Hoti inl rauTO ginu avTotg to atofiot xal 
ai tagai; mots aonsg nvg inl nvgl yivsTai. Zi)qou- 
vofispoav yag twv G(0(hxtcov , xal tov yXvxvxdxov 
fiiv i$ix/xct£ofiivov i$ avxm , vntg&fgfAaivopivtov 
di Xiav , dvayxrj diet ply tag avvxr^'U ig , 6<p&aX- 
filag trigctg yivto&ai • diet di to j^oAoid^ , rovg 
vnoXuno^ivovg ttvai ^tJ/iovs • vnsg&tgfiaivopivmv 
di xal tovtwv , nvgiTovg oSug ylveo&ai , utb 
in dxgdxOv xr\g xoXyg • iiloig di paviag, olg av fti- 
Xctiva xoXi} (fvan iv$. Avxrj yag ininoXct&i , ava- 
SxgcuvofiivtoV twv ivavxlmv £i//uwv. — 13. dia xi [to] 
tot vdaTct uexapaXXtiv , voo&dig qpaaiv tlvai* to di 
rbvdiga, ov^Hotitovto ylvzToti xgoq>ti,xal I'xovTsg xal 
anoXeXavxoTeg tov vdaTog anigxovTai , tov di aigog 
ovdiv ;"Eti vdaTog fxev noil a tl'drj iail, xal diacpOQcc 
xa&* avxa, aigog di ov* wots xal xovxo oXtiov. *Mv 
fikv yag xa) aigi oxsdov tw avTw ovfifialvu diaTsXeiv 
xal anodrjpovvTag • iv di vdaaiv aXXoig. Jio xaXwg 
doxil vooadrjg *j tov vdaTog /i«t«/3oA^ zlvai, — 14»^*« 
tl fiaXXov fj tov vdaTog rj [r}\ xatv oixicov fxsTa^oXr} 
voaddrjg; [ n /l] an nXiioTOv avaXloxofi&v to vdoog^ 
tv t$ \yo\g~\ Tolg onloig vnagxu, "«* otpoig, xal iv *« 

Digitized by GoOgle 



6 AK1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

no ft an xb nXsioxovvdiog. — 15. Aidxl ds ?; f*STC$o- 
Xrj voofodr\g ; *H ot* naocc fih q jisxapoXrj , xal agag 
xal ijlixlag, tvxivr}tov. Evxivr t xa yag xa axga, olov 
[xuX] txl dgxal xal al xsXsvxaL flare xal ctl xgoyal 
txsgai ovoai, aXXyXag qp&sigovotv. Al (iiv yag agxi, 
al ds, ovnoi 7igo<me<pvxuoiv. *'Exi ds wonsg ?; noixi- 
Xi) xgoyrj voawdrjg, (xagaxd dr^gydg xalov fiia niyig) 
ovTio avpPaivsi fisxapaXXovoiv vdag, TtoixiXji nopa- 
tog xgiqa&ai xjj xgoyjj ' xal r\ xoiavxrj xgoyrj, xvgua- 
xsga xr t g tygag soxi, xoy nXsioxov slvat, xal i£ avxZv 
xwv oixitov xb vygbv yhso&abxgoq>rjv. — 16. Aid xl y 
tukv vddxav fxitapoXri xolg B/ovav qp&elgagnoiUTtoX- 
Xovg txzw; "lloxi dnstpia yivopivrj xov vygov diet xyv 
tagaxw >% yivsxai , did *h v noixiUav xov vdaxog, 
nvxvd (isxaftdXXovaiv, vygoxr\xa tpnoisi * xal pdXiaxa 
iv tw imt7idsl(og vndgxovxt i&na ; o ds iyxeyaXog, 
vygog * dtb xal y xtcpuXrj del paXtoxa. Ay\Xo% ds, oxi 
al rglxsg svsioi (idXioxa iv avxjj. II ds xov xonov 
iovxov vygcxyg , y&sigwv noiijxix^. Ai\Xdt ds inl 
iav naldoav. c TygoxsqpaXoi tsydg slat xal ttoXXccxlq 
tj xogvtwoiv, tj cufia noisi guy • xal <p&e7gag nXslovg 
ol iv xavxrj tji r h Xixla sxovai, — 17. Aid xi dnb IlXsid- 
dog fiixgi Zsqpigov ol xdg fiaxgag vboovg xdfivovrsg 
[taXioxa di'atQOvviai , xal ol ysgovxsg fidXXov twv 
vscov i Iloxsgov bxi dvo ioxl xa (p&agxix(6xaxa, vnsg- 
floXrj xs xal ipvxog ; To yag £jjv , &sgfxov r\ ds atgoz 
avxi] , a/ncpaj taxi 1^61. Wvxgd xs yag ioxi , xal 
axpaioxaxog o^f//i(uV. To Xombv yag /sag ioilv. *!fiT ot* 
ofdoiwg flip dtdxsivxai xdlg ysgovov xwv xapvovxmv ol 
T "? [iuxgccg xdpvovxeg do&svsiag ; Olov yag^dti y^- 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



SECTIO L PROBL. 15 — 19. 7 

gag , ij fiaxgd da&ivsia av^aivti. To ydg ow/xa 
apyom grjgbv xal yvxgov ioxi • xwv (ib, did f)Xixlav, 
xav ds.dia voaov. *0 di x^f**** *a* ol nay 01 intg- 
$oXt\ iau ipvxQOTfjTog xal Sygoxrixog- fiixgag ovv foo- 
pivoig avtdlg §oni\g } ylvsxai olovnvg inlnvgl o^fi- 
(A<av ' xal y&stQSt, dia xavxa. — 18. Jid xi iv xolg 
eXwdsrn xd /tcV iv xiq xs<paXjj elxrj ta/v iytdgsxai, xa 
di iv xatg xvypaig fioXig; V H on flagsla r\ vyQoxrjg, 
dia to yswdrig that,' xa di flagia tig to xdxai anoxu- 
get; Ta fiiv ow dvw, txxgixa, dia xb dnoxsxwgiixsvai 
tig xa xaxto • ta di xaxto, noXXrig [yipst] ntgnxtbotiog 
xai EVO717IT0V. — 19, <4ia xi, idv, xov xupvvog ysvo- 
fiivov fiogsiov , xal xov tagog voxlov xal in 6 (d (3 gov, 
xo &igog Xiav avxurjgov yivr\xai, &avaxudsg yivsxai 
xo (isxoTHogov naov, fidXioxa di xolg naidioig' xal 
xolg uXXoig di dvosrtsgiai xal xsxagxaiot, xqovioi yi- 
vovxai iv avxqt ; *H oxi fxsxgiov fiiv imytvopsvov vdcu- 
xog &sgivov , xaxaipvx&iv xo £iov iygov iv fjfiiv , Xw- 
Q?a oqov y&goio&ri iv xa ygt ysvofiivto toJ vyg$ ; si 
ds fly , xa fiiv naidla , dia xb vyga q?voti xal &sgpd 
uvai , vnsgSsl tw nd&si , dia xb py xaxaipvx&ijvai. 
Oaa ds py xov &igovg , xov (itionwgov boov ix£u. 
Ai di nsgixxcoasig, idv /ut) tv&vg dviXwoi, ntgl nvtv- 
(tova xal agxygiav yivopsvai • («Vo> ydg ngmai ovvi- 
oxavxai, did xb vnb xov dsgog rjfilig &tgfiaivso&ai- 
did ydg xavxa xal Sqp&aXfilai nvgsxov ngoxsgov yi- 
vovtai iv x$ voasgw &sgii •) idv ovv fitj iv xolg avta, 
w&dnsg tigyxai, xa nsgixnopaxa svdvg dviXy, xaxa- 
fiaivouoiv slg xdg xoiXlag ansma ovxa' xovxo di ioxi 
dvoevxsgia' did [ds] xb fit) ixxgiveo&ai vnbnlfi&ovf 

Digitized by GoOgle 



8 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

to vygbv* Kalidv navaavxai, xsxagxaloi ylvwxai 
xolg o(o£o(itvoig. C II ydg xov dnsnxov vno&aaig, 
fiovifiiaxdxri ioxl , xal avvxovog yivsxai tw Wfxaxi, 
xa&dmg ij fiiXaiva xoXr\. — 20. Jidxi, ictp to &igog 
inofi/Sgov yivrjxai xal voxiov , xal to fiExoR<ogov, o 
X£tp<hv voosgbg yivsxai; "llbxi a(podga vftd xa ow- 
fxaxa o £«/Ucij' XapftdpH, xal y pexafioXj evi fieydXri 
yivtxaiit; dXeag noXXyg , xal ovx ix ngoaayioy^g t did 
to xal to fiexonojgov yivso&ai dlstivov; aoxs xdlg (tiv 
yivso&ai avdyxr\ xa 6$&a voorjfiaxa , firj agaidig 
ovoi • xdlg ydg xoiovioig avw fidXXov xa vygd nsgix- 
Twpctxa a$goi£sxai , did xb xovxovg fisv xovg xonovg 
i'xeiv XtogaVt xovg dsxdxa krigovg tlvai. Oi ovv ov- 
xtg nvxvooagxoi , ov noXXd nsgixxafiaxa dixovxai. 
Wvxo/isvtjg ovv xr\g nsgixxwosiog tr\g iv xdlg dvto p£- 
gtot xov owfiaxog, wonsgxdlg oivufiivoig oxavgiywoi, 
xa ugrifiiva [voorjpaxa'] ov/i/tabu yivso&ai. Tdig 
ds dgaioxigoig, nvgtxwv yivopivw, xovg anb JiXelaxr^g 
amyiag ytvopivovg nvgsxovg , xavoovg ovfiftaivst, yi- 
vto&ai, did xb xolg xoiovxoig iaxsddo&ai fxiv (AaX- 
Xov xaxa nav xo ow/ia xa vygd, t\ xolg nvxvoadgxoig' 
ovvioxafiivrjg ds itjg oagxbg avx&v vnb xov xupwvog, 
&sg[iaivo[isva xa vygd nvgexovg noiuv. II yag nav— 
xbg xov ottifiaxog vnegftaXXovaa &sg[i6xtjg t ioxlnvgt- 
%6g* irnxsivofiivrj de did xb nXij&og xiqg vnagxovar\q 
avxtfigvygoxrixog, xavaog yivexai. — 21. Aid xi, oxav 
ix yvg dviij dxpbg noXvg vnb xov yXlov , xb etog Xoi- 
fimdsg yivexai ;"H oxivygbv dvdyxrj xal snopftgov to 
i'xog orjpalvsiv, xal xr\vyr\v vygdv dvdyxv\ elvai; Olov 
ovv Iv kXndet xoma r\ oi'xr^ig ylvtxai. NoaoSdfjg ds 

Digitized by GoOgle 



&ECTIO I. PROBL. 19 — 25. 9 

% xoiavxt) taxi. Kal xd atapaxa 8rj xoxe dvdyxn nt- 
gixxafianoXl I'xsiv waxs iv tw &dgu t%av vXv\v vo- 
otoSr}. — 22. Aidxiyivixaixd Sri? voowdtj, oxav yivr\- 

TCU CpOQOt TWV HMQWV (taxgaXM XWV <fgW0Bl8(0V; 11 

oxt i'xaaxov sva&svel iv xr\ olxiia XWQ(f tije q>vat(og ; 
xa* xavxa drj (pvou iaxlv vygd r toais tnofiflgov xal 
vygov ori[Aaivuv xbv iviavxbv yivso&at. Ta 8i xoiuv- 
xa sxrj voawSij iaxiv. c Tygd ydg xa acu^aia bvxa, 
tzo'Kv t-xu to Jtegixxonfia • o iaxi xmv voacav al'tiov. — 
23- Aid xl ol voxoi oi Sygolxal fir) v8ui(o8eig, tivqe- 
xwdeig uoiv;"ll oxi vygoxyxa xal &sgni}v aXXoxgiav 
Tioiovaiv; uol ydg iygol xal fagpol qpt'aei. Toixo 
8* iaxl migixwdtg • 6 yug nvg&xbg , i^dftfpoxigag xr t g 
xovxav iaxlv inigfioX^g • oxav fisv ovv dvsv vdctxog 
Ttvimi, xafixrjv.iv ijfuv noiovai xr)v Siadsoiv oxav 
ds Sfjia v8axi, xb v8(og xaxayjvx* L %udg ' oi 8s in #a- 
XdxxT\g voxoi, xal avpyigovoi xotg (pvxoig. Eipvy- 
uhoi ydg dnb xrjg &aXdaai]g acpixvovvxat ngog al- 
ia. Al d' igvoiftai ylvovxai vnb vygoxrjxog xal 
&igtir\g aXXaxgiag. — 24. Aid xiivxolg voxoig @agv- 
xsgov h'xovoi * a * dSvvaxwrsgov oi dv&gconoi; H oxt 
«£ vXiyov noli) vygov ylvsxai, Siaxrjxofisvov 8ia xr\v 
dkiav • xa* ix nvsv\iaxog xovq>ov , vygbv fiagv ; En 
8k i] 8vvap.ig fjfiwv, iv xotg ug&goig iaxL Tavxa 8e 
avUxai vnb xav voxlwv. ArjXovai 8s ol ipocpoi x(ov 
XsxoXXrjfiivcav. To ydg yXlaxgov iv xotg dg&goig, tis- 
nrjybg (tev, xwXvu xivua&ai rjfidg ' vygov 8s Xiav ov,- 
ovvxslvto&ai. — 25. Aid xl dg$waxovoi fiev puXXov 
xov &igovg, dno$vr]axovai 8s /u«Uov ol dgg(oajovv- 
ttg xov xwwog; ['//] 8idxnvnvxvbx n xa t i»*og twv 

Digitized by GoOgle 



12 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

fygbv ds ov , [ovfupisicu •_ lag ds «v vygoggojj , ovl 
avpyiGSxcti. Aid xovxo ovv dgifisot xd nXsloxct • woxe 
anoaxvcpHV. — 33. Uola xsfivsiv dii xotl nolct xctleiv, 
xctlnola ov, dXXd (pctgfjidxoig ; "Hxdfisv snl xoiig (icc- 
oxdkctig xctl (lovpaot,, yctQiidxa ; psxd ydg diaigsaiv, 
xd flip, ininovu* xd ds ,smxvvdvva. Kotisiv ds id 
nXctxsa xav (pvpdxav, xal noXv 7ig6^Xrj(xa e'xovxcf y.al 
iv (pXefiadsoi xal pi] svodgxoig' xspvsiv ds id slg o^v 
ovvriyjiiva., xctl xd fit} iv oxsgtdlg. — 34. Aid it idv 
XCtXxw xig x t uyfrrj , gaov vyid&xcu , rj oidrjga; 
Tloxsgov oxi Xsioxfgov; a>W x\xxov anagdxxu 
xctl noiu nXrjyrjv. n H si'nsg ctxfii]V fi&XXov o oi- 
dtjgog Xa^dvsi , gdav xctl dnctdsaxiga r\ dictigeoig ; 
UXXd tir^qitxgtiaxadeg o xaXxog , fj ds vtgxrj la^vgd. 
To fiiv ovv sv&vg Sfia xfi xoprj &dxxov x6 tpdgfiaxov 
noinxi\v avfi(pvaiv. — 35. Aid xl dsxctl xd xdxtaxav- 
finxct ddxxov v.yid&xca; ?j oxi fiavaxsgov xctl tjiiov 
owficixixov; iv dsxolg Gxsgsmigoig nXtiav y &sg[i6- 
xrjg. — 36. JJoxsgov i\ nxioodvij xovcpoxsgct ?; xgi&ivrj, 
xcu fisXxiav ngbg xd dg^aoxTJ^axct , f} r\ nvglvx\ . Ao- 
xti yug xioiv avxrj, ai]fiuov noiovftivoig xovg fisxaxsi" 
gi^ofisvovg , St* ttoXv svxgovaxsgot o\ nsgl xr\v xav 
ctXhvgav igyaaiuv, i] xr { v xav dXyiiav. EixP oxi 
vygoxsgov r t xgi&rj • xo ds vygoxtgov nXsovog [duxcti\ 
nsipsag. *H ov&sv xaXvsi svia i'xsiv dvansnxoxsga, 
xat ma ngbg xov<$bxr\xct xQ^inaxsga ; Ov ydg /*o- 
vov vygoxsga ioilv r\ xgi&rj xov nvgov, dXXd xctlipv- 
XQOxsga. Aft ds xb gocpT^a xctl xb ngooysgopsvov 
xoioyxov ilvcti xco nvgsxxovxt , 2 xgocprjv xs figcixsiav 
noir}os if xctl xmay>v$u. 7/ ds nxiwdvi] xovxo t X s 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO I. PROBL. 32. ~ 40. 13 

ij xqi&br). Aia yaq jo v>yqoT(qov ?j 0(o t ucncodioTinuv 
thai, bXiyov didaoi, xal rovio i/jvxtixov. — 37. Aid 
xi tt\v alpmdiav navsi i) dvdqdxvri , xal aXsg ; *// ou 
r) fiiv vyqoTtjTa Tiva I'xsi; <paveqd ds avxv\ (Aaooo{is- 
voig ts , xal idv ovvTt&ji xyovov Tivd. "EXxstui ydq 
?; vyqoTr\g. To ds yXiaxqov slodvoptyov, i'zdysi to 
o$v. Kal yaq oti ovyyevi)g, y o^virjg ai^aivsi. *Exsi 
ydq [riva~\ o^VTtjxa b x^og. 'O ds dig avvjrjxwv 
e^dyiixalj^vo^virjta. (cf. 7, 9.) — 38. Aid tiovv xo- 
via xal to vLtqov ov; *H Sit oxvyti, xal ov ttjxsi; (ibid.) 
— 39. Atari tovg [piv~\ tisqivovg xonovg Xov- 
tqw laadaidsl, Tovg ds x^^QLvovg dXsififtaoiv ;*H 
Toi?e fiiv aXtifjfiaxi, did tag yqUag xal rag yivopivag 
finaPoXdg; •frsquy ydqXvsiv del, rj noiyosi dXsd&iv • 
to ds Uaiov, dsqiiov. *Ev ds tw &sgsi xa&vyqalvtiv. 
II ydq blqa Syqd , xal ov (pofoqal [at] yqlxai, did 
i7]v sig dXsav txxXiaiv. 'OXiyoonia ds [xal] xco&a^ 
viopog &igovg • to ph, oX(og • to de, fiaXXov. 'O piv 
Tiorog, xHqovg oXag , did Tip ^rjqoTtjTa • t) ds bXiyo- 
onla, xoivov fiiy, fidXXov ds &iqovg. 'Ex&sqpairsTat, 
yaq did rr t v aiqav vrtb twv anioov. (cf. 5, 38.) — 40. 
Aid ji rwv (paqpaxw , xd fxsv , %r\v xoiXiav Xvsi, ti)v 
ds xvgtiv ov-rd ds , ri)v uiv xvgtiv Xvsi , tnv xoiXiav 
osov; H oaa fisvsoTiv vyqa tt\v cpvoiv xal vdaxog 
fisard, tavxa dv tj opaqpaxcodrj , Xvsi ti)v xvgtiv / sxsi 
yaq vcplaiaiai rd dat]7ixa rwv vyquv. *T7iodoxy ydq 
ioriv 7i xvoTtg tov fir} nsTTOjusvov vyqov iv rjj xoiXice, 
o ov fisvu , aXXa nqlv noirj-aal ti v Tta&stv , vnoxv*- 
qii. "Ooa ds ixy^gtriv cpvaiv 4gtIv , dv y tpaqfia- 
xcbdtj, xavxa dk Tt t v xoiXiav Xvsi. Ek ravxv\v ydq 

Digitized by GoOgle 



|4 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

if q>ogd %Zv ymduv. "Jloxe av y xivrjxixov, tagdxxei. 
— 41* /tux, xi de xa (lev xr\v ava xoiXlav , xa de xr\v 
xotTU xtvel; olov iXXeftogog fiev xrjv avoo, oxafifitovla 
de xr\v xdxta • xa de, a/iqxa, oXoveXaxqgiovxal xtjq&ci* 
ifriag 6 onog. *H on xa fiev iaxi tyvxga xStv qpagud- 
xtav idly xrjv xoiXlav xivovvxav, [xot de, -d-egfid •] oioxs 
xa fiev, did xrjv &egfi6xt]xa ev&ig %v xrj dva xoiXIot 
ovxa, qpigexai ££ avxyg ngog xov avta xonov , xdxa- 
&ev ovvxrfiavxa , pdXioxa ph xa aXXoxgmxaxa xal 
ijxioxa avfinsqtvxoxa • av de ioxvgov rj xo qpugfiaxov, 
tj nXiov dodjj xt)g yvoswg , xaxdyei eig xr)v arm xoi- 
Xiav xavxd xe y xal day xo negUxco/xa. *H xal dia 
xi\v &tQfi6xt}xa xagdxxov xo nvsvfia noXv yivopevov 
in aixov, ngooioxav xovg ifiexovg noiu. Ta de tyv- 
Xgd xr)v qpvoiv avxtov diet ($dgog t xal nglv na&*7,v xt 
rj noifjoai, xdxoa yegexai* xdxu&ev ogfiwvxa , xo av* 
xo dgi$ xotg aVw. Kaxd yag xovg nogovg dvtovxa 
ixii&ev , xal xivrjoavxa tav av xgaxqojj negixxojfidxwv 
xal ovvxriyftdxtov XajSovxa, xyv avxijv ayei od6v."Ova 
dk dfx(poiv fiexe'xet, xal e'oxi fuxxd x&v q>agpaxa>dttip 
ix -fregpov xal yvxgov, xuvia de di kxaxigav xyv dv- 
Vttfitv antgyd&xai Sfjqxa, won eg xal vvv nagaaxtvd- 
£ovoiv oi iaxgol [tiyvvvxsg aXlrjloig* — 42. Aid xi 
xot qpdgpaxa xa&aigsi, aXXa de mxgoxega ovxa xotl 
oxgv<pvoxsga, xal xotg aXXoig xotg xoiovxoig vnegftdX- 
Xovxa, ov xa&alget, ; *H dioxi oi did xag xoiavtag 
dwdpeig xa&aigei , dXX' oxi ansnxd ion; \ooa yag 
di vnegjSoXrjv &sgfioxrjxog fj yjvxgoxrjxog, pixgd ovia 
xovg oyxovg, anenxd elai t ] xal via xgaxuv, aXXd pq 
"gaxeio&ai vnb xqg xiav taav degpoxrixog , ei/didxv- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO I. PROBL. 41 — 43. 15 

xa ovxa vnb xwv dvo xoiXuav, xavxa ydgpaxd iaxiv * 
oxav ydg fig xr\v xoiXiav tiaiX&toai xal diaxv&oioi, 
cpegovxai xa#' ovanig *; xgoqtr) nogovg tig rag q?Xi- 
($ctg. Ov my&ivxa di, aXXa xgaxijaavxa , ixninxn 
cpigovtot [xa] ifinodia aixdig • xul xaXsixai xovxo 
xd&agoig. XaXxbg di xotl dgyvgog xa\ xd xoiavxa, 
cinema fiiv iaxiv vnb xyg xeov ^omv &egfx6xrjxog f dXl' 
ovx ivdidxvxa xdig xoiXiaig. EXaiov di xal fiiXi xal 
ydXa, xal xd xoiavxa xyg xgocpr\g, xa&aigti, dXtf ov 
tw now , aXXa tw noaou "Oxuv ydg did nXij&og 
dnsnxayivrjxat, xoxe xal xa&aigei, yvntg xadatgr^. 
Aid dvo ydg alxlag dnsnxd iaxiv , did xb noid avxd 
ilvcu, r\ did xb noad. Aibmg ov cpagpaxov iaxiv 
ovdiv xwv tigrjfievcav. Ovdi ydg did dvvapiv xa&ai- 
qh. 2xgv(pvomg di xal mxgoxrjg avfipiprjxi xoig 
gpagfidxoig, xal dvooadia, xm ivavxiov eivaixf, xgoyfi 
xb (pagpaxov. To piv ydg, nsqt&iv vnb xyg qpvottog, 
xovxo ngoaqjvsxai xolg onpaoi, xal xahlxai xgoqpij* 
xb di, (AT} nscpvxbg xgaxeZo&ai, uaibv di tig xdg opXi- 
($ag, xal dt vnsgfioXrjv &sgfi6xt)xog ij ipvxgoxrjxog xa- 
gdxxov ' avxrj di (pagpdxov qpvaig iaxiv. — 43. Aid 
xl xb uiv ninsgt, noXv piv ov , xrjv xvaxiv Xvw oXi- 
yov di , Ti/? xoiXtav ; % di axappavia ; noXXrj ovoa, 
xyv xoiXiav Xvw oXiyrj di xal naXaid, xijv xvaxiv; 
n H dioxt, kxdxsgov kxaxigag ioxl xtvyxixtaxsgov; xb piv 
ydg nintgi ovgyxixdv iaxiv • 13 di axapfitovla , xax&>- 
xtgixov. To fiiv ovv ninsgi y noXv piv ov , yigsxai 
ug xt}v xvaxiv, xal ov diaxiixai iv xy xodia • oXiyov 
de ov, xgaxri&iv, diaXvu, xalyivixai ydgpaxov *v- 
xyg. 'Hdiaxawuvia, noMy (*iv ovoa, ug xovxo 

Digitized by GoOgle 



16 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

xgaxsixat, alaxs diaxv&qvai • dtaxv&sloa ds ylvsxai 
qpdgfiaxov, dia xr\v sigr\fisvr\v if ToUg avo)Ttgw aixlav. 
3 0Xiyrj ds ovoa , fisxd xov noxov dvanivsTai slg tto- 
govg, xal t&xVj nglv Tagd^ai, xaxacpigsTai slg vrjy xv- 
gtiv , xal ixsi xfi avtrjg dvvdfisiy dndysi xa tt£^*tto3- 
ftaxa, xal xd ovvirjyfiaxa oooc sninoXrig iativ r\ ds 
TioXXij, coonsg sVgrjxai, did xr\v loxi'v noXvv xgovov ifi- 
fidvaaa, xaxdysi noXXi)v xd&agaiv xal ysoldrj. — 44. 
Aid xl rag avxdg (pXiyjiaalag, oi fisv ipvxovxsg, vyid- 
Zovoiv oi ds -frfgnaivovTzg) nsxxovaiv; *AXX* ol fisv, 
dXXoxglcc ^sgfioxrfXi* oi ds xaxaipvxovxsg, xrjv olxdav 
ovvdyovatv. — 45. Aid xl (isiaftdXXsiv del xd xata- 
nXdaftaxa; *H bxi wg [idXXov alo&dvr}xai ; Ta ydg 
ovvrjOij, woTteg inlxwv idsofidxav , ovxsxi qpagpaxa, 
uXXdxgoqtr] ylvexat. Oviwxal inlxcovToiovxw. — 46* 
Aid xl vy it wbv j to xijg xgocpyg fisv vnooxsXXso&ai, 
novsiv ds 7iX(ica; ' H on xov voauv ai'xiov Ttsgixxafia- 
xog nXy&og; Tovxo dsylvsxai, ifvlxa Tgoqpyg vnsgfio- 
Xi), 11} Tiovwv svdeict. — 47. Aid xl xd ydgfiaxaxalxd 
mxgot cog (tuxotioXv xal xd dvowdrj xa&algei; H oti 
ixnavTa t« mxgd xal dvowdy, dnsitTa sotl; Ato xal 
xd (fdgfiaxa, mxgd xal dvoadij. Ty ydg dntnTa 
uvw, xal xivrjTixd find .mxgoTrjTog , qpdgfiaxa iaTW 
xal idv do&fj nXsla, diaydslgsi. "Ooa ds, xav Ofiixga 
tio&jj,dia(p&agTixa,TavTa ov (pdgfiaxa Xiysxaislvai,aX- 
Xd '&avaTrjg)6ga. Ovd' ooa fir) tw noify xadalgst , ovx 
lira q>dgpaxa. Kal ydg xyg Tgoqnjg noXXa fisv xavxo 
noLsi f idv7tood do&frolovyaXa, sXaiov,yXsvxog'anavTa 
dsxavta, did to fit\ tlvauvmmTa, xa&algsr xoItov- 
roiq olg pi] evjienxa, xa&algei xalxovxovg/'EoTi ydg 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO I. PROBL. 43-51. 17 

aXXa aXXoig vbntma xal dijomma. Aib ov naai 
xavtd (pocQfiaxcodrj , dXX' iviotg Idia. "OXatg ydg to 
cpdgpaxov del ov povov prj nitxsa&at, dXXd xal xivti- 
tixbv elvciL. c, Jloneg xal to yvpvdaiov s$w&ev r\xov 
rj eooo&ev, Jfi xivtjoh ixxgivei ta aXXoigia. — 48. (cf. 
12, 12.) Aid *i T « (isv evwdrj diovgtjTixd xal oniq- 
pata xal q>vid; *Hoji dtoftot, xal tvTitma * %a di 
ToiavTct, ovQTjTixd. Taxv yag Xsmvyti ij hovoa 
&eQfiOTT}g - xal r\ oapr\ ov owfiatwdtig * bttl xal %d 
oofHodi), oiov oxogoda, did tt\v ^eofiotrjra ovgrjuxd, 
pdXXov fiiviot, ovyTyxnxd • &sg(jtd di id evwdrj anig- 
fiata, — 49. Aid rl du ngbg pip td pfi xa&agd xal 
q>avXa iwp kXxtoy , Srjgdlg xal dgipioi xal orgvyvoig 
xgr\o&aiq)agpdxoig'7igbgdsTdxa&agdxalvyiat6n9va 9 
vygolgxalpovoig ;*H dioti anb ph rmy pr\ xa&aowr 
del dcpctiquv ti ; tovjo di iariv vygoTi\g aXXorgla, ipr 
dcpouguv del. Ta dyxuxu di xal dgipia xal orgwpyd, 
toiavta, xal jo $rjgbv paXXow %ov vygov • t« di xa- 
&ag& ovrtnovXwoewg durai \iovov.— 50. (cf. 4, 
17.) Aid il ovfupigei ngbg id anb qtXiyparog voorj- 
(iata, Xayveia; *Hcti to onigpa negmojosaig ano» 
xgtaig,xal (pvasi opoioy q>X$ypau; wort dcpaigovoa 
noXv cpXey/MXTwdsg, toqpsXelfj ovvovola. — 51. /Zot«- 
gov di xqocpriv nqoayiguv dgxopivw fiiXuov i) vot8- 
gov ;*H dgxofisvw, onagptingoe^tja^eyrixbtt t}<pXsy- 
fiaolal imnlmji / *} ovv amoxvavriov svfrvg , q 
ovjto ngoooujTboy • ayaXapfidvsiv XQV ngwtoy tdig 
(oq>ypaoi m ,nga6tsga yag, xal Xeiotsga, xal «v- 
TtlXTOTsga • xal ivdi$ao&ai, vi\v Tgoq>rjy & tov- 
tov Qqidiov ionv do&tvsi aa^uait. Ov ydg h [tJ] xoi- 
Arist. Probl. b 

Digitized by GoOgle 



18 ARIST. PUOBLEMATA. 

Xia del na&uv t« dlxct ng&xov diaxv&tjvai ts xal 
deQliavdiivw fiexd novov tw aa^cm, xavxa ninov- 
&e. — 52. Aid il dtl oxotxuv xd negl zb ovgov qt)- 
fieia , dnoXappdvovxa xr\v ovgrjoiv, ti ydrj ninmxai, 
rj fii) paXXov xal ovvsx^^ ovgovvxa ; *H dioxi orjiietov 
fiev tqv nenecpfrai, , iav fj nvggov • xovxo de yivexat 
fidXXov diaXafifidvovoiv. "il dioxi i'vonxov yivexai 
anav fidXXov vygbv XQoag , bXiyov i] noXv ov; iv pev 
yag tw noXXm vygo), xd axW a ' ra ivogaxai* iv de xia 
oXiyw, xd XQWfictia* olov xal inl xijg dgoaov xou x&v 
Qavldwv, xal inl xwv duxgvwv xwv inl xalg {Ulefpaqloi. 
Svvex&g fiev ovv dapiifxevov , yivexat nXiiov diaonw- 
(ibvov ds, dixexat fidXXov coots xav t} avxo toiovxov 
i}drj did xr\v netyiv, xal yalvexai fxdXXov xijg avaxXa- 
osag yivo\ievr\g xal ivonxgov, Mvonxov did xyv diai- 
gtaiv. — 5fr (cf. 5, 34. et 37, 3.) Aid ti ov del 
nvxvovv xi)v aagxa ngog vyuav , alk agaiovv j wa- 
nsg ydg noXig vyitivi} xal xonog evnvovg , (dio xal t) 
&dXaaoa vyuivrj) ovxw xal a cop a xo evnvovv, jleikXov 
vyuivov. du yag ?j fii) vndgxeiv (iqdev nsQitxwfia, 
fj xovxov ag xdxioxa dnaXXdxxta&ai ' xal del ovx (og 
bxuv to owpa, wars Xafifidvov, ev&vg [nov] ixxgiveiv 
xtjv neqixxoiaiv , xal ehai iv xivrjoet xal (xrj t)gsfislv* 
7'b pevyag pevov, orjmi, aaneg vdag to fiy xivovps- 
vov af}n6fAEVov de, voaonoiii* to ds ixxgivofitvov, ngo 
tov dta(p&agijvai x o) Q^ etctl - Tovio ovv Ttvxvovfii- 
vr\g fiiv xr}g oagxog , ov ylvetaf ((oonigH yciQ ifi- 
q>gaxTovxav oi no got) dgatovfiivrjg de, ov/jfiaivei. dio 
xal ov del iv tw r)Xloi yvywov ($adl£uv • {avviaxaxctk 
yag 7j odg£, xal xo/jiidjj dnooagxoviai, xalvygoxegov 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO I. PROBL. 52-56. 19 

to owpa ylvsTaf to pip ydg ipxbg , diapdpti • 16 d' 
intnoXijg , dnaXXdrtttdi* taontg xal tcx xgia la 
bmd, t&p eq>&a)p pdXXop) ovdi id otrj&ri yvppd $xorra 
(laSi'Qeiv • ano yag tup ugiora bwodoprjpepwp tov 
ampaxog 6 yXiog dyaign, a ijxioia dslxai dcpaigi- 
ostog , aXXoc pdXXop id iprog. *Exti&tp pip ovv did 
10 noggoa nvou, iap fit) fit 1 a nopov, ovx suriv Idgojia 
dyayup' dnb Tovzov-de, did to ngoxngop, gddiop. — 

54. ^*<* il noxs xoig %in&xXoig xal to yvxgbp vdoag 
ovpcpegn, xal to &egpop; *H otita xipsiXa di vntg- 
($oXt}p yiypexai vygov; to pip ovp ysvxgbp, ovviorrj^ 
01 xal rgaxuvu to vygov • to 8i &{gpbp, ixTvptvpaxol, 
xal eSodov noitt to> nptvpaxi, dgaiovp xi)v odgxa. — 

55. Aid il to xpvxgbp xal noiu xal navn xd %lpij).a, 
xetl to &egpbp xd nvglxavaxa; *H 3t« to avxo ; 
noiii pip, QVPX7\xovxa • navth di, [pdXXop~\ lr\gaivov- 
Ta. — 56. *Ev idlg nvgexolg didovai dti to hqxop, 
noXXaxig xal xax bXlyov. To pip yog noXv , 7ia- 
gaggu' to di bXlyov pip , noXXaxig di, dia@gixth *a* 
ug tag odgxag /wof7. Ota ydg xd ip xi t yfj, idp pip 
Kara TioXi) %X-&r\ to vdwg, nagaggu* idp di xax oXi- 
yop, pg&X n (*dvop • to avxb [ds] xal ip xolgnvgsxo7g. 
Ta ydg giopxa vduxa, idp ug xax oXiyop ayy, o o^s- 
xbg ixnipu • idp ds to loop d&goop ayr] , onov iap 
dyrj, ^wow. "Ensixa. xaxaxeio&&> axipi]xog wg paXi- 
O'ta 9 dxlprjTog pip , oxt, xal to nvg quxvegug, i<*v T * 
pv xiptj, xaxapagaipsxat* ngbg npevpa 8i pi) xaTa- 
xsio&a, &i6u o apepog to nvg i&ydgw xal ($*7i/£o- 
ptpov to nvg , \$ biiyov noXv yivttai. HegioTiXXe- 
a&ai di tovtov htxw, oti, nvgl idp dpanvohv pn 

B2 

Digitized by GoOgle ' 



20 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. I 

Stdwg, oftivvvxar xaltii(iaxia fin dnoyvfivova&^ | 
tagSv voxlg iyyivyxai. To yavsgbv yag nvg, xb 
vygbv ofievvvot. Kaxd xavxd ds xal iv t$ (pvou. 
*En\ ds twj> diaXsmovxwv nvgsxZv, ngonagaoxtvd£siv 
dsl xal ixXvovxa, xal nvgid/iaxa ngbgxovgnodagna- 
gaxi&svxa m xal nsgisaxaXpsvov avanavto&ai, ontag 
on &sgfioxaxog 1] ngb tov Ttjv Xrjipiv that. Kal 
yag bnov noXv nvg , xb oXiyov ngbg kavxo ayu. — 
57. Tsxagxaioig nvgsxotg du pn Xsnxvvstv, dXXd nvg 
iv xoig owpaotv {pnoiuv sladyovxa. Jtt ds xal Tolg 
yvpvaoioig #oJ}a#0K. r Hb ds nfiiga y Xyyig, Xovod- 
ptvov , vnvov (iri ^xslv. did ds xovxo xal ovpfpigsi 
fagfialvovaa d lot it a, oxt ao&svrig 6 xsxagxatog nvgs- 
to'?. JEi yag f*r} \v da&svrig, ovx av xsxagxaiog iys- 
vsxo. € Og<xg onov nvg noXi, Xvxvog ov dvvaxai xai- 
so&ai; to yag noXi, xb oXiyov ngbg kavxb agna&i. 
Tovxov d* svsxsv, noXv nvg iv xq otopaxt, ipnoislv, 
oxi oXiyov b nvgsxbg nvg h'xsi. "Eoti ds to xa& 
rjpigav diaixrjfia , xb psv , nvg, xb ds , voxlda tig to 
atopa sioayovxa. — 58. Ehl ds voooi , ai psv , ano 
nvgog ' at ds dnb voxidog. 'laxgsvovxai ds , ai fiiv 
dnb nvgbg voooi , voxia* al'deuno voxidog, nvgi. 
Tfoxlda yag tygaivsi, 

S E C T I O II. 
"Ooa ntgl ttig&Ta. 
Aid xi ovds awxslvovoiv ovdi xaxsxovai to nvsv- 
fia yivsxat idgwg , aXXd paXXov aviioiv ; *H oxi xb 
nvsvfia xaxsxbfitvov nXrjgoi xag <pXi(lag' wots *«o- 
Xvu ii-iivai ; mansg xb vdwg to ix xav xXsipvdg&v, 
oxav nXrigtig ovoag imXdfy xig, "Oxav ds i$iX&p, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO II. PROBL. 1—6. 21 

noXvg yivtxai, did xb h aixji bziXrjylct u&goiod'ijvai 
-xaxd ptxgov. — 2. did xi ov% ttigovai xd iv dsQfxut 
vdaxifisgrj, ovti* av-Osgfid y;*H tiioxi xb vdtog xhtXvt* 
TrjXto&oiL; o tic itigwg, xb xax&g ixgootoxotiopyfiiivov 
lailv iv %r) aagxl' o xtoXvHxijxio&ai, oxav ixxgivrjxai 
did '3-egfiOTTjt^ — 3. did xi 6 itigwg aXfivgov y *7/ 
dioxi yivexai vnb xivrjoewg xal &(Q(x6t7]jog , dnoxqi- 
vovat}g ooov aXXoxgiov eveoxiv iv tjJ ngooyvau trig 
TQoepi)? ngbg alfia xal Jag odgxag ; xovxo ydg xaxi- 
or a dtpioxaxai , did to jut/ oixtiov tJvai , xal f$a> i$i- 
x[id£eiv. 'AkfAvgog tii ioxi, did to to yXvxvxaxov xal 
xovqtoxaxov fig to ow/nct avrjXaxj&ak • to tii aXXoxgiw- 
ioltov xal dmnxoxaxov anoXveo&ai. To xoiovxov 
tie iv [ib xfj xdxto vnooxdosi, ovgov xaXtixai' iv 0*4 
aagxl, itigwg • afiqxa tie dXfivgd tiid xrjv avxt)v alxiav. 
— 4. did xi id «Vo> itigovoi fidXXov x&v xdxw; IIo- 
xegov to -d-tgiibv avto xal dvig%sxai , xal eotiv avw • 
xovxo tie avto cpegei to vygbv ; rj oxi nvevfxa noiu xov 
itigwxa* xovxo tie iv xoig ava;"Htii6u anmxov vygbv 
b Itigwg ioxi • xoiovxo tie iv xolg avia ; rj ydg xgdoig 
avto. — 5. did xl xdg #«7off£ yvpvaSopivoig fidXt~ 
oxa idgtogylvvtai, idv xd ccXXa bfwiooxtJft^voifjiBv /'// 
6*ioT« ioxvofisv pdXtoxaxovxui xw xonq ; xovxaydgxb 
nvavfia xaxixopsv [iw syyioxa xov iaxvovxog. TL+- 
vovvxtg tie fidXXov ioxvopsv ovxta tie sxovxeg, xo 
nvevpa fidXXov xaxixofiiv.'X JSlxa xal xjj xg^ofiivrj 
avfinovovfiBv fidXXov , ij oxav aXXo pigog xgipaipev. 
Tjj ydg xa&iUi xov nvevpaxog , xal xgifioftcvoi yv- 
pvatofie&a, xalxglfiovxtg. — 6. Jidxlb Itigwgixxiqg 
««V«A^, n ovx o&, n rjxxov xov itt xov ownaxog; 

Digitized by GoOgle 



22 AR1ST. PUOBLKMATA. 

"// cm tvuvovg o rtjg xeyaXrjg tonog ; Ar\Xo% tie fictvog 
cuV, T?j rwv tqix&v ixtpvau, Avo<6tisig ds oi totvoi, 
xal t« iv fxvtolg ylvetai, boa (jit) ivnvoa. — 7. Aid 
%l oi yvpra'Copsvoi, idv diavanavodfievoi, naXaicoaiv, 
pdXXov idgovoiv , 1} iav ovvs%(og ; "Hdid to d&goi&- 
o&at tiiavanavofiivav • en sit a tovtov ibv itigana ela- 
ygt xJtrwoov ^ ndXy y tie owsxyg dva^galvu, aontg 
6 fjXtog. — 8. Aid %i pdXXov itigovoiv, oiav ^7) tiid 
noXXov xqovov XQwvtctt Taig dqpitigwoBOiv ; JIdiOTi oi 
ItigwTtg ylvovicu ov \iovov tii vygotrjTa, dXXd xal 
Sid to Tovg nogovg ayewx&oti fidXXov, xal agaia ta 
tfWfiaTa Hvcti ; tolg [tiv ovv pi) xgoofiivoig avftfieftv- 
xaoiv oi nogoifjdlg xgapivoig d* dvaoTOfAovvTai. — 
9. Aid xl tov r\Xiov fidXXov -d-igfialvoviog tovg yv- 
fivovg 7} tovg dfiJiexopevovgy Idgovoi paXXov oi «/i7ic- 
Xofisvoi; nixigov vti zovg nogovg ovfijivtiv ttoiu ix- 
x(xl(av 6 tjXioc/'lI dibit xdg dr^idag 'Qrigaivw dfine- 
Xopivoig tii, ravxa i)itot> ovfipaivti ; — 10. Aid ii 
Itigovot (idXioTu td ngoowna ; *JI boa dgaid , xal 
vyga fiaXiota' 81a tii tovtuv itigwg tiianogevsTai ; 
Aoxti tie nrjyrj tlvai 7) xecpaX?) tov vygov, Aib xal 
ai tgix^g, did to noXv vygov * 6 de Tonog, dgaibg xal 
ioxvog. Aisioiv txga xaxa cpvoiv. — - 11. (cf. inf. 
32.) Aid tl ovt ddgoov ovxog tov nvgbg , pdXXov 
.itigovoiv, ovt iXaTTOvog del, aXXd nXiiovog iniopego- 
fiivov ; oi ydg ev rotg nvgiaTrjgioig idgovoi paXXov, 
rj evdvg *i sit] tooovtov. "ll qti to ovfifieTgov I'xa- 
oiov iqyu&tai; ovxovp ti tooovtov ttoiu to nXbiov, 
ov noirjoet, nXeiov 7} pdXXov Tovvavuov, ot*tw ovfifxs- 
*gov thai, igydgeiai to I'gyov. Aid fiiv ovv iovto. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO II. PROBL. 7 — 14. 23 

ovxl ngos nXiiov paXXov idgovai • did ds to ngbglxa- 
mov, aXX^v that ovfifittgiav, xal to mnoir\xbg (it}*i- 
n noulv , ngooti&sfiivov (taXXov. Ov yag tavto 
ngoodonoiiitai tig exaotov, xal imtiidtiwg i'xuv na- 
QOtoxeva&i, xali)dri tovto igyd'&tai, aXX' htgov. To 
uh ovv oXiyov fidXXov tjtioXv, ngoadoTioitjos xal na- 
Qeoxivaoe to oa^a ngbg to idgovv. 'AXXyg di du 
ovpfistglag xal nXdovog nqog to noirjocu. Tovto 
dk ovxin noiii o nmoii\x*v , aXXa pit ctvto vote- 
gov, aXXo tijg ovftfiBtgiag yivopsvov. — ^12. Aw ti 
anoatXByyioafiivoig fiaXXov gel o idgwg, r] iowiv im- 
uuvaij Hotegov did to xaTctyv%BG&a> vnb tov 3?w; 
jj on toomg nwfiot yivtxai o IJai idqwg inl tdig no- 
go iq ; waTfi xonXvu tov tooa&tv tr\v ogpvv. — 13. Aia 
%i to nriyavov frvoadEig tovg idgattag noiu , xal ivia 
iwv fiiqeov; 7/ on av iv tp oofifi Pag\)Tr\g m, tavta 
xsgavvvfisva taig nsgiiiafianxalg vygotrjoi, xaxwde- 
oregav noisl ti\v oofirjv ; — 14. Aid ti idgovpev tov 
v&tov paXXov % td ngoo&sv.; "Hon iv piv t# ngo- 
o&tv iotl tonog ivtog, elg ov anoxstsvstai to vygov ; 
iv de tw omo&tv ovx tow, aXX' So tr t v exxgiow 
dvayxatov yivso&ai. To 6* D avio iotiv al'tiov xal 
ok xi]v xoiXiav rjttov idgovpsv i} to otr\&og. ^ En os 
oti fiaXXov diaqtvXaxnxov ion tov Idgwtog id **>*<*> 
Hal id omo&tv, »/ td ngoo&ev, did to paXXov tct t(i- 
ngoo&ev [twv omo&sv] aTtoyjvxeo&cty oneg iotiv al'- 
tiov xal tov tag paoxdXag idgovv idxtota xal fiaXir- 
ora- ^'x*aTce ydg ipv X ovtai. "En ds oagxadeotsga 
ion id ntgltov vntov inv fyngoo&tv • ;«v^ 
xsga. nXelm$kvyg6tri9io^^^^ 07lia&6V ' ° 

Digitized by GoOgle 



24 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

yag pvtXbg xaxaxyv §a X iv Sy.vygaaiavmoXXtjv na- 
Qsxei^ — ^15. Jiaxi «p a xaxaxUfii&a , oixldgov- 
(tsv; Hoxi &egpbg &v 6 xbnog J anxofit&a , xatXvsi 
ditivai xbv idgwxa* amtygalvH yag avxov / *Exi di 
&Xtj3sTcii. OXi/So/isvov di diaxuxai xb alpa • ov ovp- 
fiahovxog, xaxayvxnai fiaXXor % 2r\iiuov di f} vdg- 
xrj. Kaxayv$lg xs yag ioxi xb na&og, xal yivtxai i% 

Mtymg, % 7tX V p jg . l 6 . ( Cf< iilf# 28 \ j^ %i < 

ixa&svdovxcg fiuXXov Idgovoiv / "Hdiaxijv avxintgi- 
axaoiv/d^goia^iv yag t6 &SQfi6v ivxbg , ibXavvu 
to vygoy.-- 17. ( C f. 36, 2.) Jiaxixbngoovmov pa- 
Xioxaldgovoiv, aaagxoxaxov ov;"Hoxitvidgioxapiv, 
00a v<pvyga xal again; y di xeyaXrj xoiavxt). 'Tygo- 
tj?t« yag olxelav e x ei nXtioxriv. JrjXovai di at yXi- 
fisgxshovaat hxsv&sv , xal ol xa&ag$oi $ avxijg, 
xal b iyxiyaXog vygbg, xal ol nogoi noXXoi. 2^ 
(auov di at xgfag, oxt, noXXoi ol nogoi uol, negaivov- 
teg £«. Ovx ovv 4x xwv xdxu <5 Idgug , aXX' ix tfc 
xyaXrjg yiv*xai. Jib [xal] Idgovoi xal ng&xov xal 
fiaXima xb ftixanov • vnoxuxai yog ngaxor • to di 
vygbv, xaxtojst, aXX* ovx avto. — 18. Jid %L ol 
idgovvxeg,^ iav yjvx&wiv t" vdan rj nvevpaxi , vav- 
ii&ot; Uoxegov xb vygbv ywx&iy taxy d&goov, tfc- 
n Q0°9tv ovx ygepovy did xb quv • i) xal xb nvEvpct 
di'ibv t'£a>, yivoptvov idgug dia xi\v i/jv&v , xovxo law 
tpvx&iv nglv ihX&siv, iygbv iyivsxo , xal ngoontobv 
nouZxrjy vavxiav ; _ 19. J ia T / not6 ix T £ y no $fo 
*alx V g xsyaXyg, ^Xioxa idgctxsg ylvovxai ^eg/tat- 
9*lib*,i If ox* xb Vigfiaiybpsyoy iyiXxei i<p kavxo 
Wi to di vygbv ovx M X u onjj xaxayaXiox V ra h 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SfiCTIO IL PROBL. 14-22. 25 

dia to etvou tovc Tonovg xovxovg oxrxdStig. ^Exnntxn 
ovv t|o). — 20. (Cf. inf. 23.) Aid xi ol novovntg, 
die navotonoUj Id gov a lv ; tdei yaq, fl'neq b novog aX- 
tiog, oxav novatffi. Jloisgov oxi novovrztnv (tiv, inb 
tov nvbVfiatog at (pXsjSsg ifiq>vo(afi6vai, jovg noqovg 
avfifitfivxivat noiovot' navoaftivtov di ovvi£ovaw ; 
wars di evgvxsgwv yivofiivav twv noqav , q'aov diig- 
%tiiai to vyqov. *H oxi novovvxtav fiiv, dnoxqivu i\ 
xivr}oig ix tov ovfinsopvxoxog vyqov nvivfia , xal did s 
-d-fQfiotfjTa tt]v ano irigxivrjomg, yivtxai to vyqov 
nvtvpa inmoXrjg; oxav de navorjxai novdtv, dfia xal 
i] &eq[ioTt]g Xrjyei f xal ix xov Ttvevftaxog nvxvovfii- 
vov , vyqonjg yivtxai, 6 xaXovptvog Idqug. — 21« 
(Cf. inf. 33.) IIoxFqov 8tl fiuXXov xov xhegovg iiaqu- 
cxevd&iv to idqovv, ij tov #?^uq)j/o£ / *H oxs fidXXov 
vygolj xal xaXsntiTtgoi dvsv imfieXeiag yivoivx ay ; 
"JIotb xovxnfjiatvog av dirj fidXXov. *H \oti\ fitydXt] i\ fit- 
TafioXrjfXal %a ntqixno/Aaxa ov ovvixnsixexaifTidXivj 
yjvx&ivtoq Xxmaqd (pvoivxovxsifioJvog; Ar\Xov dga, on 
tov ddqovg fidXXov. Kal ydq xd vyqa orjnsiai paXXov 
anavxaxov&dqovg. AioxoxtdudiiavxXHV. Aidxovtode 
xal ol dgxaloi TiotvTeg ovicog i'leyov. — 22. Aid xi an 
xov oojfiaiog qiovxog, xal xr\g anoqqoi}g yivop.ivrig ix 
tmv nsgixxtofidjwv , oy xov<pi&xai to jjufta , idv fiij 
aytdqaoj] ; *H on Udxxtov ixxqioig / "Oxav yaq i£ 
vyqov psTapaXXji slg diqa, nXuov ylvsxai i$ iXdxxo- 
vog. To yaq vyqov diaxqivoptvov , nXuov. Jloxe 
nXelovi jooVft) r\ exxqiotg. Aid ds xovxo , xal oxi di 
iXaxxovwv nogav i\ sxxqiolg ioxiv. "En *o yXioxqov 
xal to xoXX&deg, pixd ph tov vyqov ixxqivtxai, dia 

Digitized by GoOgle 



2(5 AK1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

xi]V xaxdix&v fisxa di xov nvsvpaxog , advvotxei. 
MuXiaxa di xovx ioxl xb Xvnovv. Jib xal oi tpsxoi 
xiav idgooxav xovq>i£ovoi fiaXXov, oxiavvtSayovai xov- 

XO, UTS 7t(XXVteQOl Xttl O(Ofl(XT0)dtGTSQ0l OVTSJ. Kttl 

oxixi) [iev oagxlnoggco 6 xonog ovxog , iv o) xo yXl- 
gxqov *a* to xoXXwdsg • (Sore sgyov iitxaoxrioav • t?J 
6*i xoiXia, iyyvg. *H ydg iv aixjj iyyivsxai, ij nXij- 
olov • dib xal dvosSdyoayov aXXatg. — 23. (cf. sup. 
20.) did ti Tjxtov idgovaiv iv otvxo) tw novel?, v\ aviv- 
xsg ; "iloxi novovvxsg fiiv , noiovw nsnoirjxoxsg di, 
nsnovr\xaoiv ; Eixoxwg oiv ixxgivsxat nXsov. Oxi fiiv 
ydg yivsxai, oxe di iaxL n H on novovvxav fiiv, avy- 
xXsiovxai xrjg oagxbg ol nogoi, did xv\v xd&s^iv xov 
Tivtvfiaxog' oxav S* dvtooiv, avoiyovxai ; Aio xal xo 
mevfiot xaxixovxtg, yixov Idgovoi. — 24. Aid xlbxav 
xgoxd^wfitv , o Idgwg ov nXsiwv , xal oxav iv xivijusi 
fj xo oafy/a, «H* oxav navorjxai; H oxt xoxs fiiv <ua- 
neg vnb xijg %tigbg i) aXXov xivog ioxiv vdcag qiov 
dnoygdlai navxaxo&sv avvad-goi£6 fisvov; oxav di 
«qpE#/5 , nXiov % oaov ci? dgxr\g. c Jlg ds vnb xr\g /«- 
gog, ovxco xalvno xov nvsvpaxog ioxiv anoX7iq>d-r\vai, 
oioneg iv xr\ xXsq>vdga , xal ndXiv ngbg xrjv xvoxiv 
unoXapfiavsiydg ivxog. 'Opolag ovv noXXyg xivr\at(ag 
ovotjg , xo nvtv^a ivanoXafi/Hdvexat, • dio xal at q>Xi- 
flsg diaxsivovxai, xov vygov ov dwapivov i$iivat. 
AnoXafi^avbfisvov ds d&goov xb vygov, oxav avs&jj xb 
nvsvfia, d&goov i^igxtxai. — 25. did xi, oxav nias- 
aiv , rjxxov idgovoiv imyayovxsg ,- *H dioxt, xa oixia 
inioTTctxai xr\v vygdxrjxa , xa&anegel onbyyog ifjns- 
<nov ,- EoTt di xaXvoai xyv bgfii}v ov pixgbv fiigog • 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO II. PRORL. 23-29. 27 

cjoksq iv tdtg Qtvpaoi to imXaftslv tovg nogovg ngog- 
tvsyxdfisvov tijv tgoyi\v. — 26. (Cf. inf. SI.) did 
tl ol dywviwvxsg Idgovoi tovg nodag , to ds ixgoaw- 
nov ov ; fidXXov yag svXoyov, oxav nav Idgcuor) to 
o&fta, tots fiotkXov xal tovg no Pag. Wvxgotatog ydg 
b tonog • dib xal i,xtota Idgovoi, Kal ol iaxgol iv 
taUg dggiooxiaig fiaXioxa nsqioxsXXsiv tovg nodag na- 
gayyiXXovoiv , bxi svipvxxot daw. "Jloxs dgxv^ $«~ 
dio)g Qiyovg tioiovoi xal tw aXXia oat+tan. "tl bxi xal 
% dyavia ion &sgfi6xrjtog oi fistdataoig , (oionsg iv 
tw <jpo/?w ix-icov dvoa tonav tig tovg xdxw.dib xcel al 
xoiXiai Xvovxai xatv q)oj3ovfiivot)v) aXX! av$i)oig ^sg^iov^ 
toonsg iv tw &vfiM • xal yag b dvpog £ioig tov 
&tgtiov ioti tov nsgl ttjv xagdiav • xal o aywviwv, ov 
dia cpoftov xal did vjv$iv ndox^h aXXd did to (xiXXov. 
— 27. did titb ngooomov i$egv&goi ylvovxai, ovx 
Idgovoi di; ' H dia to paXXov &fgftaivso&ai ; wots to 
fxsv iv iw Ttgooano) vygov, $r\gaivsi i) d^sgfxox^g ini- 
noXu£ovoa, to de iv tolg nool ovvxqxsi, dia to iXdt- 
tw fiiv thai, nXita di trig ifiyvtov xal ngovnagxov- 
otjg. — 28. (cf. sup. 16.) did tl xa&svdovxsg Idgovoi 
pdXXov 7] iygrjyogoxsg; "if oti toiodsv tj dgx* vov 
idgcoxog • 'dsg^ioxsga de td ivxbg • wots xal ixxgivsi 
diuxiovoa t) ivtog &sg[i6irig to ivibg vygov * woxe 
asl toixsv dnogguv ti Tot; ooifiatog • dXXa dia to/ii?- 
&iv that, ngbg b ngoonintov aXiadi]otxai t Xavdavsi. 
2i]fis7ov de' td yag xolXa tov oco/uaiog dsl idgol, — 
29. did tiiv tdlgnvgiatrigloig^dXXovldQOvaiv, oxav 
I yvxog; "H oti to dsgfibv ov pad&i £|w , did Wjt> 
tov ipvxovg nsgloxaoiv (xiaXvtxai yag vnb xovxovj 

Digitized by GoOgle 



28 ARISTV PROBLElMfrATA. 

ctXX ivroe xaxtdovfitvov xal pivov, dictXvsi xct iv fjfuy 
vyga, xotl id qui a noiu e£ avxtov. — 30. diet xiaxps- 
Xipaxsgog ioziv 6 tdgag , xctv iXdxxav iniX&j] , 6 yv- 
(avov xgox&Zovxog yevbfitvog, ijoiv Ipaxito^Hxb fisv 
novel* y xov fitj noveiv (teXxtov ioxi xot&oXov • xal 6 
idgtbg di 6 pexa novov, xov avtv novov (ttXtltav earl' 
xctl 6 fidXXov di psta novov,' xov tjxtov , foXxicov; 
paXXov d ioxl fitxa novov, o yvpvov xgoxd&vxog 
yivofievog* Eav ydg fjitf noXXy ovvrovla xgoxdorj, 
ov duvaxai Idgaoai, yvfivbg civ. *Ev ifiajloj yag xav 
nctvv (itxqlag xgoxctoji , xaxv Idgdl, diet xyv ctnb xov 
ificnlov ctXiav. Kal tvxgovoxsgoi di yivovxtti ol yv- 
(ivol xQsxovxsg xov&igovg x&v iv Iftaxioig, b'xi Soneg 
anavxeg ol iv xolg tvnvovoxigoig xonocg olxovvxtq, 
svxgovoxsgoi tloi xwv iv xolg xaxansnviyfiivoig ol- 
xovvxwv ovtg) xotl ctvxbg avxov b av&gcmog, oxav 
wonsg iv evnvola n , xoxs svxgovoxsgog ioxiv, 7/ bzav 
xaxanenvtyfiivog y xal negitxbpsvog vno xivog aXicig 
noXXrjg • ovfi/Haivei paXXov zw iv Ifiaxica xqixovxt. 
dia xotvxa di xctl ol noXvvxqbvov xa&svdovxig, axgov- 
axsgol dot, xwv phgiov xqbvov xa&evdovxav. JCa- 
xominvixxai yag xctl Ka&eydav. — 31. (cf. sop. 
26.) diet xi 61 dyaviwvxeg Idgovoi xovg nodag , xb di 
ngootonov ov , iv tw aXXto (Hco idgovvxtov f\nwv pdXi- 
oxct fiiv xb ngootonov, rjxioxot di xovg nodag ;™H oxi 
*; dytovia, tpbfiog xig ioxi ngbg dgxv* egyov • 6 di 9)0- 
ftog, xetxctxpv&g xtov clvto , dib xctl dtxgitooi xa ngoota- 
na olayuviuvxBg, xivovvxai di xctl oxaigovoixotg nooL 
Hoiovai yaq xovxo ol dytovituvxsg, xal xa&dneg yv- 
(**><x£ovxai - dib uxoxag idgovoi xavxa olg novovof 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO II. PROBL. 30 — 33. 2&> 

xal xgiftovoi di xdg x**Q a $ *<*' ovyxa&idoi, xal ixxii- 
vovxai, xal QdXXovxcu, xal ovdinoxs rjgtfjiovoiy* *Oo- 
firjTixol ydg slot ngbg xb egyov, did xb xb &tgpby ety- 
Twy fi&Qolo&ai tig Toy 7reo* to a**j#os totto? , ovxa 
tvooifiaxoiddaxBgoy. "O&sy nayxbg didxxoyxog aviov 
T6 xal xov a'ifiaxog , ovfifiaiytt noixiXyv xalnvxyr\y 
ylvso&ai xivfjatv. MaXiaxa di idgovoi xovg nodag, 
ota ovxoipix ovvex*>S novoyoi • xd di aXXa pigtj xov 
oapaxog, ayanavotwg xvyxdyeixalg xwy oxijfidxaty xal 
xivi'jOtMy fistapoXcug. — 32. (cfc gap. 11.) dia xi iv 
to7g nvgiaxr\gloig ovx a&goov xov nvgbg ovxog, pah- 
Xov Idgovoiy, ovx iXdxxoyog ail yivopsvov , dXXd 
nXtlovog; ineiacptgo^iivov' ydg , xdnvgtaxrjgux (idX- 
Xov idgovoiy , jj el'neg ev&vg Us dgxyg xoaovxov r\v xb 
nvg. ™H to fib noXv , ix ngtaxifg Sfjgdv Xapfldyoy 
tijy lmnoXr\g odgxa, xal dbgpa xain xal boxgaxot; 
yzvopivri di xoiavxrj, xiyyei xovg idgwxag • to di 
bXiyov, fiaXXov xr\v odgxa avtiv, avttjv t« agaiot, xal 
xd ivxbg xa&dntg bgyd£u 7tgbgxrjy duixgioiy xali£a- 
y<ayf\v. Ovxto d* ixovoijg avxijg, inttasy^x-d-iv nXiov 
nvQ, xal elgdvousyov tig fid&og xr,g oagxbg di agaio- 
xt\xa , iSarpi&t xs xd ngofiaXax^ivxa vygd , xal xi 
Xtnxd avxwv anoxgivov , iZuyei psxd xov nyevfiaxog* 
— 33. (Cf. nip. 21.) Hoxigoy tin fiaXXov xov &igovg 
nagaoxwdfav xb Idgovy, t\ xov #f/juairoc ; n Hxov 
fiiy x&t*wyog ovoxeXXofiwov ivxbg xb &egfibv, ixnmu 
xal nytvfiiaxol xd 4y r^uy vygd ; did napxwy avxtoy, 
ij xuy nXtioxny ayaXioxopivtoy , oidiv detxai ovyyi- 
rovg dnoxglamg. Tov di digovg di dgatdg xiqg oag- 
xo* ixnlnxovxog xov &Bg(iov , foxoy nixxtxat, xd 4y 

Digitized by GoOgle 



30 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

flfiiv vygd • dtb delicti dnavxXt'jotwg. Efi/iiivayra 
yag diet xi]v wgav, oynexai xal vooonoiti. ^nsxai 
yag nav xb oynofievov , vn dXXoxglov dsgfiov, vno 
ds xov oixsiov nixxsxat. *Mv peP ovv tw -frsgei to aX- 
XoiQiovla/vw dib arintxai [navxa~\ fiaXXov iv avtm' 
iv ds tw ^ct/iwyt, to olxsiov' dib ov oynsi o ^a/xGiv. 

— 34. Aia xi x&v idgwxcov yivofiivonv vno xtjg ivxbg 
&sg(xaoiag , rj vno xfjg ixxbg ngoomnxovorjg , ngog 
ivicov Idgwxwv ygixxopsv ; "lldwxi vno fisv xyg ivxog 
dsgfiaoiag cxav ixninxaow ix noXXov xonov elg oXi- 
yov , ovoxsXXofASvoig ngbg xr\v ntgio%i\v navxeXag xov 
dsgfiov negtodovg dnocpgdxxovoiv , sixa r\ cpgixr) ey- 
ylvexai, In xr\g oagxbg navxeXag diafigoxov ywofii- 
vqg, , xal xov &tgfiov i$Lovxog. c H ds ixxbg &sgpa- 
aia ngooninxovoa, dgaidl xbv #owt« ng&xov • elxa to 
ivxbg xijg <pvoewg -frtgfibv dnoxgivafisvov, xyv cpgixTjv 
inolrjosv. — 35. Aid xi xav idgmav vl &tgftol xgi- 
vovxai /SsXxlovg shai xwv tyvxg&v; "How nag fitv 
idgwg, nsgixxatfiaxog xivog i'xxgtaig iaxtv; sixog ds 
to piv bXlyov ntgitxu^ia ix&sgnaiveo&ai, to dinXslov, 
fti} o/uoiwg. "jloxe 6 yvxgbg idgwr,, noXXov nsgixxw- 
paxog av sly annuo*. Jib xal paxgoxigag xag yo- 
aovg noiei, — 36. Aid ti tmv idgatTav dia&sgpaoict 
ywofiivav, ngbg xb noXv nvg yxxov idgovpsv / H dioxi 
Tjxoi oyodga &tgpaivo{isvov xov owfiaxog, elg nvsv- 
paxa vygd diaXvsxai, % ixninxovxog xov vygov xal 
xaxv tygawofiivov , rip aXo&iiaiv ov Xa^ipdvofASV; 

— 37. (cf. 9.) Aid xixov ijXIov fiaXXov &sgpaivov- 
rog, iavfitjdiv nsgipXrjfia sxwpsv, *** idg&xsg yivovxai 
*ot$ ifiaxloig negtoTeXXofisvotg ; Kal negl tovtov xavxa 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO II. PROBL. 34 — 41. 31 

igovpw Taj ngoTigu. — 38. (cf. 5, 41.) ^*« xz t&v 
o&itav xivrjoswv fidXXov &sg[iaiveiv doxovowv, t&v ds 
vw&gwv ijttov, ai ngog to aifiov nogtiai, vw&goTtgai 
ovoai , idgattdg re paXXov ixxghovai , xal to nvtvfia 
ngo'totwoiv , (og &tg(iaivovoai paXXov t&v xatuvTwv; 
"H oti Tolg (idgeoiv fig to xona yigeo&tti, xaxd (pvoiv 
Ivilv, tig di to avu naga (pvoiv^H ovv tov fagpov 
<pvoig r\ <pigovoa r)fxdg , ngog fjiiv tu xatdpTfj ovdb 
ovfinovtt,ngbg di Tccoifiaq>ogti^ovaa diaTtXu. "fLon 
dta fiiv Tyv ToiavT^v xlvrjoiv ix&egnaivsTat paXXov, 
xal Tovg idgaxag ixxgivti, xal to nvevfia ngo'Lotrjoiv. 
2v(i^ctXXsrai di tl iv Talg nogslaig, xal f) tov ow//cf- 
Togovyxafiy/ig, ngog to firjsv&vnoguv to nvevpa ngo'i- 
OTaoa. — 39.4iaTh(ovldg(6T(ovyivojjivav,oo(oavim- 
fiaXXi]Tal Tig paXXov, ov% oi nXuoxa t&v ifiariav im- 
paXXofisvot idgovoi; Kal mgl tovtov TavTaigovfievTa) 
friavw. — 40. Ata xl t&v oto/xaTcov SygoTegatv ovtojv 
tov digovg y tov xeifiwvog , idgtoTixtaxigag diaxeifie- 
&a tov &igovg; "h oit tov fiiv &igovg agauav twv 
oufuxtcjv ovtwv , to Trig cpvotag -fregfibv ov noXv xa- 
Tixnai; diaXvBi ovv ra vygd tig nvtvpa. Tov di 
Xtifiwvog n envxmfiivav ixTog tvv otofidxtov , noXv 
xauiXrififiivov to Trjg q>voe<ag Ssgfiov , tig nvsvfia ov 
diaXvst to vygov. *Eu di xal tov (xsv digovg noXv 
ngooqpsgofis&a to vygov, tov xeipoavog diTovvavriov. 
— 41. Aia tI oi ano tov avTofiaTov yivopsvoi Toig 
vytaivovoiv IdgwTtg, yavXoTtgoi doxovoiv slvai twv 
V7ii> twv novoiv ; *!ff oti ol (*iv novoi dnavtXovvTsg 
atl to ntgiTTtvov vygbv } tygoTsgavTriv adgxa naga- 
oxivdiovQiv wots Tag xodiag tuv nogtav vymvctg 

Digitized by GoOgle 



J2 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

ilvav, xal xfj tov degpov tj&tjom fiijdefiiav t(i<pga$iv 
yivBO&ai; ol d" avtofiatoi fisv ngoaayogtvofitvob 
idgwttg, ywopsvoi d' 4£ dvdyxr\g, otav vno nXuovog 
iygaoiag avyx60(jdv(ov wy trig g>vas<ag nogoav , ta 
d-Bgpd fit} navreXojg xaTaXa\k$dvr\Tai , aXX iti ano- 
pdxw&aixal ixxglvuv avio bivr\xai , evXoyug voaov 
otjfitia (palvsiai. Tots yog vno nXtiovog vygaaiag, 
i] tov avfifidtgov xara (pvotv ytvxstou, rj tb odg£, Siofi- 
figog ysrofiivtj , t*}? xaxioTrp ngbg vydav dtd&toiv 
Xappdvu. — 42. Aid ii tov x H t*wo$ idg&Teg tjoooy 
ylvovtai, xal fjfidg ov% bfioitag nagaoxtvd&t* @ovXo- 
fie&ot , vygoTegiav ovtwv TaJy atofidtav tov xtiuavog ; 
n H i\ggov fiiv idgovfisv, o« t«x iygd tov xuptovog n&- 
nriys xal avviotyxs oq>6dga ,• dvaXyzwiega ovv. O&x 
VTioXotfij3dvofi6v di duv ldg(oTonoielo& at tov xty***- 
vog, dioTi ii toiuvti] did&ioig vyuivl\, tie Ttvg tdg&- 
rag ipnoiwv , tt]xu xal avyxd tt\v thr* hi %b xal 
dgaiOTegav tov ngooyxortog ifinouav , to ts ivxbg 
digpov anoxgivwv, tXaTTOv notu'KooTB fitj oftolag 
dvvaa&ai tw nsgiixovTt ipvxg(*> avTiTsrdx&cu* to, 
tb ixTog vygov gadiioTsgov nagBfintoeiTai roZg 
ocofiaaiv , dgaiwv twv nogtov did Tag idgaronoitag 
[ovtgiv.] 

SECTIO III, 
"Oaa negl olvonoofag xal fit&ijS* 
did tI fitdvoyteg, &sgfiov ovrog tov olvov , dva- 
giyol sloi, xal rd/iota dXlaxovtai vno nXtvgiuSog 
xal twv toiovtwv; "jH dioti, noXv vygov iav yvx&fi, 
noXv xpvxgbv ylvsTai* wots xgaTslv %r\g q>voixrjg &eg- 
uotrjTog ,- ttv*Ta*ydg opoiov (aoneg &v d £a&t)g fi$- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO HI. PROBL. 1 — 5. 33 

PQtyii&vH tit) vyga yitfow , ovicog *; odg£ evdo&tv, 

(cf. 6.) — 2. (Cf. 27.) Aiii xi ovx ol otyodga fie&vop- 

tsg nagoipovaip , dXX' ol dxgo&iagaxeg pdXioxa ; *H 

oxi ov& ovxwg bXiyop nenaxaoip, oioxe bpolag ex HV 

xolg v7\yovaip • ov& 3 ovxta , &axe diaXveo-d-ai , oneg 

ndoxovoip ol noXv nenwxbxeg ',• **Exi ol pep v^tpopxeg, 

pocXXov bg&tog xgipovow ol de atpodga ps&vovxeg, 

ovd* iyx*igovoi xgipeip. Ol de dxgohtagaxeg , xgi- 

yovoi pep, did xb pi\ oyodga pe&veip* xaxwg de, Sid 

to pi) vrjyetv • xal %a%v xwp pip xaxacpgopovaip , vnd 

rap de oXiywge'io&ai doxovoip. — 3. (Cf. 14 et 22.) 

did tl pdXXop xgamaXaoiP ol dxgaxioxtgoy nipovxtg, 

r) bXwq ixxootxov; Iloxsgop did xr\p Xenx6xr\xa b x«- 

xgapepog fidXXop tiodvexai tig nXeiovg xbnovg xaloxe- 

ptaxegovg* o de dxgaxog , tjxxop; wots dvoeSaytoyoxe- 

gog 6 xtxQotfiepogi *H dioxi iXdxxto tiipovoiv axgaxop, 

did xb p7) dvpao&ai, xal daepovoi pdXXop ; *Exi de 

ovpnixxei xd Xomd , &sgpoxigog 6)p, xal avxbg av- 

xop • b de vdagijg, tovpopxiop. — 4* Aid xi xwp olpo- 

(pXvywv to oJiigpa ov yopipop a>g imxonoXv ; *Hoxi 

r\ xgdaig xov oapaxog ilvygapxai ; xd devygd onig- 

paxa ov yopipa, dXXd xd avveoxwxa xal ndxog *xov- 

*xa. — 5. (cf. 26.) Aid xi ol olvoyXvyeg xgipovo* 

pdXXop, ooa dp dxgaxonotfooip ; "Eati de 6 pep otpog, 

-d-egpavxixop • b de xgopog ylpexai fidXioxa dnb ifw 

Zgov, Aib ol giyapxsg pdXiaxa xgipovoi. HoXXotg 

d 3 JjdT] xgwfievoig popop dxgaxo) xgoq>7)g X a ^\* * 00 '~ 

fxoi ioxvgol avpi^Tjoap , &oxe dnog^inxnp xovg <&Xi~ 

popxag • xal xy &egp$ vdaxi Xovopepoi, dpaio&f,x<og 

elxop. "H oxk yipnat pep b rgopog did xaxdyvbr; 

Arist. Probl. c 

Digitized by LiOOgle 



34 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

ylvtxai ds $ nsguaxafAsvov ivxog xov dsguov dii xb 
ixxbg y>i>xog, oiov xov xsifiwog, y opsyvvfiivov xov 
xaxd (fvaiv OtQftov • aftsvvvfisvov (*iv, xm ivavxito , ^ 
dta XQ^ov, °i° v /??"£ * V \. T jf\ T °v dXXoxgiov &eg- 
tiov vrngfioXy , o (JVfifiaivii tw iv toi r { Xl(^ rj nvgl 
Haiopiiup. Zvfxfialvu ds xovxo xal xolg tw axgdxa 
otVca XQWfiivoig. "Jlv yag &sg[t6g ug> oxav vmgxii- 
vr\xat dvvdfisi xji xov owpaxog olv.ua &zqiloxi\xi /h- 
yvvfisvog , anoofiivvvaiv avxo, Sftto&svxog ds xal 
yvx&ivxog xov oojfiaiog, ovfifialvsi xovg xgo/iovg yi- 
vso&ai. *'Eaxi ds xal navxa xa tigyfiiva [aXXov xgo- 
nov xaxayjv£s(og.~] 'Avaigt&siOTjg ds xrjgvXfjg, y xo 
&SQIAOV htaoxq* XQsysxai , ovfi@aivsi xal xb dsgpb* 
(p&sigso&ai. Tovxo ds inl [fisv] xa>v aipix®** *™ 
xovXixvov ioxlipctvsgovfxov yag iXalov avaXad ivxog, 
ovfji/Sahti a^ivvva&ai xo^ q>(ag) tJil ds xwv ip.\pvx^v* 
xo, xs yr\gag xavxo noisi xovio, xal xay voaiov ai fia- 
xgal xal ovvxv\xxixaL ^Avaigovfiiyrjg yag i] Xsnxv- 
vo/Asvyg xf\g xov dsgpov xgoq>r\g , ixXvsiv avxo ovp- 
fiaivu. c Tygot ph yag jgacpsjai xb &sgnov xovxw 
ds ov tw xvxbvxi , aXXa Xelio xal nXtiovi. Jib xoig 
voaovat xag ugyfisvag vbaovg xal ngtoftvxigoig, 
q>&sigo(iivov xov xoiovxov xal uXXoiovpsvov , (dgiuv 
yag xal avxprigby dvxl Xsiov xal Xmagov yivsxai) 
av^paivsi ixXdnuv avxo. JSrjfiuov di tqjv ugryxivoiv 
ivxlv at yivofisvai fioq&eiai, xdlg pagdvosi xbv (Hov 
ixXdnovoiv. "O xi yag <iiv imo~xd$y xig <tuxo7g x&v 
xgoyxadtap vygatv, ngoaavag>igsa&ai ovftjSaivei xb 
&gtnxixov avxwv, ug xfj xov xoiovxov IxXtiyu yivo- 
uivrig xi\g diaXvoswg. "Eoixs ds xoig axgaxonoxovai 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECT10 III. PROBL. 5 — 8. 35 

tovt slvai ai'iiov, "Jlv ydg -&sg[i6g 6 olvog fiitd trjg 
cpvaei vnagxovaijg &egfiotrjtog , fidXXov dvaXiaxu td 

ip Tftl OOJfiUTl VTUXQXOVTCt S(f6dia IW olxELOJ &SQfAai. 

Aib avppaivsi tovg fisv vdgwnixovg aittov ylvto&ai* 
rot^ ds t Qevpatixovg • tovg ds , fig tyv xoiXiav. id 
T8 ydg Xomd vyga avtoig , dgtfiia iatl* xal td slg- 
ibvta j5l do&ivuav tov olxsiov &sgfiov dnaXd ovta, 
ov naxvvttai. 3 Aadsvig ds iati to &sg^bv , tta t*jv 
vXyv slvai toiavtr t v iv w lit cna&tai, xa&dnsg tbxa- 
Xdfiivov Ttvg, Kal ydg tovto did trjv trjg vXrjg da&e- 
vuaVy do&wioTsgov iati tov SvXlvov. — 6. (cf. 1.) 
Aid ti ol ns&vovTsg, -dsgfiov bvtog tov ol'vov, dvagi- 
yoi tlai xal tdxiata vnb nXsvgitidog dXioxovtai, 
xaltavtoiovtoavvoatav/HotitonoXv vygbvidv yvx&lh 
noXv ipvxgbv yivstai, wotexgatnv trjg cpvgixrjg &tgfio- 
trjtog; nana detdvygotsga, &sgfi6tsgd iatitr,y <jdv- 
aw. Zr^islov ds' ^sgfiaivstat piv ydg tdig ixtog, 
vygaivstai ds ov, Ei 8* rjttov iotl &sg[id t xal dno- 
XuTtu dr^Xov bti d^attov avtd rj 'dsgii6tr l g r\ vygotrjg. 
''Stats Xsi<p&ivt(ap ipvxg&v vygwv , slxottog giyovai ts 
fidXXov ol fiS'&voytsg , xal td tov giyovg olxsia nd- 
o%ovai nd&tj. — 7. Aid ti olpiv naldeg, ^e^o* oV- 
if? , ov qpiXoivoi slot; Jfxv&ai, ds xal ol avdgsg ol 
dvdgstoi, -&sgfiol ovtsq, cpiXoivoi ;*H oti ol fisv, &sg- 
fiol ovteg, xal tygoi; rj ydg tov dvdgbg e£ig toiavty\ 9 
ol ds naldsg, vygol xal &sgfiof. € II ds yiXonooi* 
iatlv im&viiia vygov tivog. r H ovv vygot^g, xioXvei 
diiprjtixovg shut tovg naidag. "gvdsia ydg tig iatlv 
h im&vuict. — 8. (Cf. 19.) Aid ti ps&vovtsg pdXXov 
diaio&avous&a td dXvxd xal td (iox&ygd vdata, 
r C 2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



36 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

vrtfOVTSQ de, Tjtxov; *H oTt to olxilovvno tov olxiiov 

tori* ana&ig, xal to opoicog diaxdjuvov ; t« dijvav- 

Tttf, xaw' ivavuM ioilv alo&TjTixtotega/O ixtv ovv fii- 

■&va)v, yXvxtlg iv aurw x^ovg l/«, (toiovto yag * 

olvog tioxu) xal twv qxxvXow x v P® v otla&yrixwttQog 

ianv • 6 ds vrjqxov , dgipug xul aXvxovg. Trjg rgo- 

q>r t g ovv nentixfiivtig, ol mgiTTWftaTixol imnoXa£ov- 

aiv. Ovtoi xs ovv slow dna&slg vno xwv o[ioi(av, 

xal iov %xovxa noiovoiv. — 9. (cf. 20.) did */ ™~ l $ 

fiz&vovoi oqpodga, xvxXio nana (paivsiai qpigsa&ai; 

xal ijdr) dmofiivrig xfc [ii&yg, d&gelv xa noggoa ov 

dvvavTai; dib xal atifistov ti\g pidrig avto noiovvtui 

jtvtg. *H oti xivtirat, vno xtJc &sgfi6ty]Tog tov ol'vov 

qj oifjig nvxvdxig ; diayigu ovv ti)v oipiv ov&sv xivsiv, 

i] to ogwpsvov. Tavxh yag noisi, ngbg to (paivs- 

o&ai xa sigijfiiva. 3 JSnsl di xal nsgl xa nXrjolov ovta 

dtaipsvdto&ai ttjv oipiv ovpfiuLvu TtoVfisdvovTtov, %at> 

ntgl xa noggco paXXov tlxbg xat/xa ndoxuv. Aionsg 

ixsiva fiiv oXag'ovx ogarai, xa d* iyyvg ovd iv w 

xo7io> ioxlv oga. KvxXm di<paivsTai yigso&ai, xa» 

ovx iyyvg xal noggfa, oti slg per to noggfa, dia xc tjjv 

xvxXta xivrjoiv, ddvvaxmsga ion qjsgsa&ai fj oytig. 

v Af*a yag Tavavila noiilv ov gddiov. "Egti ds r\ psr 

nogg&t im&v t uia, oyodgd* f\ di xvxXm, iv <p Tovvop* 

ai}(iaivBi , GxniiaTi. did ts ovv xa sigrifiiva , noggw 

ov q>ig£Tai* xal si ysgotto to iyyvg xal nogg(o , ov 

xal Tav^ ogwri, 'AnoXsinoi yag av iv daTsgy XQ 0Vt & 

uviojy to ogwfisvov iv xaurqi Tonw. *AnoXtlntav dk\ 

ovx av ogmtj. KvxXw ds opigitai, did to vndgxov 

XVfia Tijg oiptag. *iitfxt yag xavog f ov y ftdoig xv- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO III. PROBL. 8-12. 37 

xXog, iv w xivovpivt], bga uiv tovto, dux to fifjdinoTF 
unoXtlntiv avTO. JitiptvoTai di tw tottw, dta to /i >} 
-lip aviqv oipiv imddXXtiv in avxo. Tavtbv van 
av r k v, rj tovjo ngog Tt\v oijjiv xiveiv, t) ti\v oipiv ngvg 
tovto. — 10. (cf. 30.) did tl Totg fit&vovoiv iviott 
noXXa yalvtTcu to IV ogwatv; "ll xa&dntg tl'gijTui, 
Kivovftiyrie tt\q oxpmg , ovpfialvti fitr)&iva xgovov t*}v 
avTTjv inl tcivtov iigtptiv oipiv ; to di iv toivtu %go- 
vta Higtag ogwutvov, biptahsgoy ttvai doxti. Liqp/J 
ydg oiptag ogaTai to bgwfitvov • uTZTto&ai di nXtio- 
mv a fid tov avTov, ddvvaTov. "OvTog di uvaio&ijxov 
tov (iSTctt-v xgovov, [iv w ?j oipig ijiiTtTO, xal nag^X- 
lavs to bgto(jiEvov\ tig that doxti xgovog , iv w tb 
^maixalnag^XXaxBv' £ot iv tw aviw/ooyw TavTov 
nXtiovtav amofiivcov oytwv, nXtia doxti thai tu ogui- 
ptvcc, diu to Tavta xaia tov avTov Tgonov ddvvotTov 
tivcu anTto&ai. — 11. diet tI ol /xt&vovTtg dygodi- 
oia&iv advvoiToi tloiv ; *Hoti del Tiva totiov ix&tg- 
pav&ijvcu fiaXXovTov txXXov oooparog; tovto di noitiv, 
6ia to nXri&og T^g iv ok($ tw owfuxTt &tgfxaoiag, 
advvctTovoiv. ^AnoaptvvvTai ydg to vnb Tijg xwrjotmg 
&sg/tov yivofitvov vnb tov ntgiixovTog [xuXXov , ojt 
noXv ioTiv iv avTolg to vygbv xal untmov. "Eti tie 
to OTtigfiot ix Tgo<pyg. Tgocprj di nuoa niixtTai • n 
nXTigw&ivTtg, bgfii)Tixol dot ngbg to\ aygodioia. zJib 
xou xsXtvovoi Tivtg ngbg ttiv ngd$iv tt\v ToiavTrjv, 
(xgioTav fiiv noXv , dtmviiv di bXlyov , Xva ji otvTolg 
iXaTTOi to\ a 7i mi oc twv ntntfifiivav. — 12. di(* *i b 
yXvxvg xal axgmog xal b xvxtwv /icra^ v diamvofitvoi 
iv Toig noToig, vr\yuv noiovai; xal dta tH]Ttov t u«- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



38 AK1ST. PROBLEM* TAi 

&voxovxat xalg peyaXaig xt»&(ovi£6fisvoi; *H navxm 
ib avxb aXxiov iaxiv , ij nagaxgovoig xov imnoXric 
tfegpov; to yag ps&vsiv ioxlv, bxav ?j xb &sgpbv \iv) 
xo"ig nsgl xyv xsyaXyv xonoig. — 13. diet xi xovyXv- 
Kiwg inntoXaoxixov ovxog y idv tig fis&vew r { drj inihi^ 
yXvxv, xaxansnxsxai o ivvnoigxcav olvog, xal yxxor 
ivoxlti; "H on xb fiivyXvxv Xsavxixov xi iaxi xal 
yXloxgov, (incpqaxxn ovv xovg nogovg} to ds avox7]- 
gov, xgaxvvxixov ,- xal to jzsv svnsxij noul tw #*o- 
fiio xr\v avaqpogav • 6 dk yXvxvg, oxsyst avxb , xovg 
nogovg ipcpgdxxav. "On ds xwv ava &sgi*av&ivx()W 
ioxlv % (titty, ti'grjxai. "jExi ds 6 psv yXvxvg , «Vo- 
dfiog o ds avoxygbg, ov. 'Oopy ds naoa ftagvvu xs- 
yaXrp. — 14. (cf. 3.) Aioxianb xov xsxgapivov (isv, 
axgaxsoxsgov ds, I'co&ev fidXXov novovoixr t v xsg>aX?jv, 
/j anb xov uxgdxov ;" U bxt 6 fisvaxgaxog, naxvfisgjjg 
w, rig xovg ksqI xi\v xsqpaXyv nogovg oxsvovg ovxag, 
avxog jih ovx tlonljixsi, ij 8s dvvafiig avrov , tj oafiTj 
xal &eg[i6xijg • b ds xsxgafiivog , uix&elg Xstttm to> 
vdaxi avxog slodv.sxai • tx^v ds uai 4 uu , xal xyg dvvd- 




ifiaXXovi 

xai TTittp ng ftidifV ol vcyv/tvaoxoi tcjv ytyvfivaan&- 
vwv , xal gitov unaXXuxxovoiv ; *II bu [ol] exovug 
Ttsgiixufia xal vygbv iv uvcolg , ovgt]xixol ylvovxat • 
ontg noisl dvvuoO-ainlvsiv, xal vaisgov xovqxag txsiv, 
via to fi?j tpfiivttv TtoXb vygbv oirwdsg • ol fisv olv 
"yvfivuoxoi, vygol xal nsgixxwfiaxtxol slaty • ol ds 
y*yv(Avaansvoi, $>}goi- mi «/g to owfict xovxoig v 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO III. PUOBL. 13 — 17. 39 

vygoTtjg rj olvrjgd acpir.vuxai. JEvdvg ts ovv avu- 
ana Tjf ovgrjou */ (pogd avTrj • xal vartgov ipfiivov 
to yygbv tovto iv tw oojpazij /Sagos noisi. — 16. 
Aid ti o olvog xal TSTvqxouevovg noiu xal ftavixovg; 
ivavria ydg i\ did&toig. O piv ydg, fidXXov iv xivi]- 
<m • o ds, tyiTov. *H wontg Xaigrjfiwv tins, 

TTwv ^w/xeVwy ydg tolg rgonoig xtgavvvrai, 
rdvavxia ovv noizi, ov tavxa , dXXd t« [ai) buouo; 
txovioL' woTttQ xal to hvq , t« fjih Zqgaivu, rot di 
vygaivit, dX£ ov Tavid' xal xr k xu tov xgvaiaX- 
Xov , xal nriyvvai xovg aXag. Kal 6 olvog (yygbg 
ydg iari tip yvaiv) tovg piv pgadvxigovg im- 
Ttivti xal &ctTTovg noiii, Tovg di -frditovg ixXv- 
ci« Aib svioi im> (isXayxoXixwv tJj qpiosi , iv Taig 
x gain along ixXsXv/iivoi yivovtai ndfinav * taoTttq yag 
to Xovxgbv tovg fiiv ovv.dedmivovg to aw/ia xal axAij- 
govg, svxtvrjiovg noiu, Tovg ditvxivrpovg xal vygovg 
ixXvsi • ovttog b olvog , woneg Xvcav xa ivibg, 
aTisgyd^erat tovto, — 17. Aid %l r\ xgdfifir} navu 
Tip xgamdXriv ; *H St* tov fiiv %vXbv yXvxvv xal gv- 
nnxbv t'xsi ' <^*o xal xXv£ovoiv avTo" tt\v xodiav 61 
larqol. Avti] diiati yjv%qd. 2i]puov di • ngog yag 
xa? acpodgdg diaggoiag XQ^ VT(Xl <* vl Jl oi iatgol, 
VyovTtg oyodga, xal ano$vXi£ovTtg xal yvxovTtg. 
Svpfiaivu di t&v xgamaXavTiav, tbv fiiv jvXbv avtqg 
tig jijv xoiXiav xataonav t« iv avtolg vygd, oivtjQu 
xal ajrtma ovra, avitjv di vnoXunofxivriv iv tt ( avto 
xoiXla, ipvxw x6 oafta. Wvxofievov di > vyQ(* XBTtta 
avftpalvBt tig ttjv xvotiv cpigso&ai. JIots xa% «/*- 
cpotega t&v vygSiv ixxQivofiivuv did lovowpaxog, xat 

Digitized by GoOgle 



40 ARIST. PROBLEMATA- 

xaxaipvxopivov, uxoxmg axgainaXoi yivovxai* 'O yag 
olvog vygbg xal degpog ioxiv. "Exi di ov/i/Saivsi xcUr 
vyguvxaxaojuoftivtav *al xgivofiivav xdxto, xal nvsv- 
(ict indyta&ai avxdlg' o&sv fiovov ano xov ol'vov tig 
rrjv xupaXriv q>tgopsvov, xbv xdgov xal xijv xgamdXfjv 
noiii. Kdxwdi bgnxjoavxogxalxaxaiftvxofiivovxovoca- 
paxogdtaxd HQT]fitva,Xvex(xt[o]xQCll7l(xX7]Q7l6voQ. , Eori 
yag y xgamdXrj, ££oig xig xal cplsyuaala Xijyovoa. Av- 
nu di fidXXov xyg fxi&rjg, oxi txtivij fiiv iSioxi]Giv , rj 
di xgamdXrj iv kavxdig ovoi , xbv novov nagix**' xa- 
&ansg ovv xctl vnb xwv nvgsxwv oi XcxfijSavojifvoi nai- 
£ovol pdXXov 7j uXyovof nag 3 avxdlg di yevofiBvoi 61 
aixol, xov<pio&ivxeg xov nd&ovg , dXyovoi. Tavxd 
yag xal inl xrjg xgaindXyg xctl inl xyg (AE&rig <rv^u- 
ficclvet. — 18. Aid xi fidXXov ifisxmv noiu 6 vdagr s g 
olvog, ?J to vd(og xal b axgotxog; "ll oxi iftuv fiaXiaxa 
noiu xd ininoXaoxixd , xal ooa drjdri ioxiv. *'j£axi di 
o piv oivog xaxaxgovaxixog , xo di vdcog Xtnxov xal 
ovx drjdig. Aid ftiv ovv xo Xenxbv xal ovx arjdig 
zlvai, xdxco diigxtxaixaxv' did di xfr fit) dtjdig, ov 
noiu xagdunxxuv. c O di xsxgafiivog Xlav , ovx eaxi 
Xtnxog, wax* diagguv xaxv ' did di xb pixgbv tsxuv ol'- 
vov , dijdrjg ioxi. Tagdxxu yag xqv al'a&ijoiv , iw 
nXtiovg iv avxjj [jag] xivrjosig ifinoisiv , xr\v % ano 
xov ol'vov xal xov vdaxog' alo&rjxal yag afigxa yi~ 
vovxai. *0 d* cvxgaxog xr,v piv xov vdaxog ato&tjoiv 
dcpaviiU) ol'vov di paXaxov noitiaXa&r\oiv dior t di(ag 
nivtxm. 3 A*idi]g di wv o vdagvg olvog, imnoXaoxi- 
*6g ioxi' xb di xoiovxov , ipexixov ioxi. — 19. (v. 
sup. 8.) Jidxi fis&vovxEg fidXiaxa diuio&avbfit^a xa 



d by Google 



SECTIO III. PROBL. 15-22. 41 

aXvxa xal to. [xox&rjQa vdaxa' vr]q>ovxtg ds , rjxxov; *II 
oxi rot XvnijQa paXXov dyXa xo7gfitj im&vfiovoi, [toils 
fl 3 im&v/iovvxag Xav&dvsi. e O fiiv ovv ffieag c/aiv» 
4]5e<ag xbilm&vfiovvxi%x tl ^ '^ ^ vt]cp(av, ovxtag «#«• 
6 ds (is&vav, TrlrJQTjg. — 20. (cf. sop. 9.) 4ia titdtg 
fte&vovoi ocpodQct, xiixXtn ndvTa (paivnai q>igso&ou' 
xou ydr) amofiivT}g fiaXXov xr\g fii&i]g , aQidptiv t« 
tioqqix) ov dvvavjou; dib xal orjpBiov Tr\g pi&rignoi,- 
ovvtcxi amb Tiveg. *H oti xiviitai vnb trig >&$DfA6- 
Tiyiog xov oXvov i] tytg nvxvcixig; "fLamg ovv, otuv 
ino&ji tig vnb top 6<p&aXpbv , 8vo (paivtTai, ovuo 
xal Toig fis&vovoiv. Ov8iv yag diayioH , iav piv 
vno&fj, xivfi 6i ti\v oyiY , ovde av \$m&iv i\ tatodiv. 
*AiMpoTEQ<0g yag to avxb naa%u r\ oipig. "Jloxe ov 
do$ei fiivsiv to bgwfisvov " xal to noggad-tv hTl fiaX- 
Xov • %n yag r\xxov xgaxu dnoxuvofxivrig Ttjg oifiswg* 
xal nXiov xb diaoxripa inl t<w axgta noiil rj iyyvg av- 
Tr\ xivrjoig. *JEav ds o<podga xivrjxai, xal o/iaXwg ixvw 
xal xaxo), rjxxov xgaxyosi xov nog$(o. Tldvxa tisano- 
THvSfitva xvxXfp qpigsxai • olov b'ioxol xal xa xaxag- 
xcopeva, Kal i) oyig ovv di ao&ivsiav xavxb na- 
ox&h womg av it ncQQQ) iyioBxo, zJLacpEQti d 3 ovdiv - 
TTjy oxpiv xiv ttr , ij xb OQCtifiivov, Tavtb yag noiCi 
ngbg xb qpaiveo&ah — 21. Jta xloxav a&gb(og ni- 
vcaoi, trjgoxtgai ai xoiXlai yivovxai, his del vygaivi- 
o&at paXXov vnb xov nXtiovog; "H ot* xov psv noX- 
Xov xal a&goov ov xqaxu r\ xoiXia, aX$ tig **>*> ov- 
tqv %Qzttat xbnov aira&ig; eoTt ds vyoov xonog ani- 
Ttxov % xvoxig. Tov ds oXiyov xoaxu xal nixTU. 
w J2ot€ fibvov, vyqalvu. — 22. (cf. tup. 3.) ^"* * l 

Digitized by GoOgle 



42 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

puXXov xgainaXaoiv oi svxgatov nlvovxsg, yolaxga- 
tov ; "ll did trjv Xsntoxtjta slg nXsiovg tonovg 6 xs- 
xgapivog slosgxstai, (xa&dntg iv tdig iftatioig) xal 
soti dvos^aywyotsgog ; to de vdtog Xsntofxsgiotsgov 
ptv, aXX* svi$odov. *H dioti tXattov nivovaiv axga- 
tov, did to fiij dvvao&ai, xal fiaXXov anspovow ;*'Eti 
ds ov/inintsi td Xomd. Tavtb di iati ngofiXri- 
pa. — 23- Jid %i vnb tov dxgdtov dno&vrj- 
oxovoiv, iav tig ngo'ioxvdvag noXv nirj ; ual fiti 
ngo'ioxvdvavtsg ds noXXolttav yiXonotw, u&gbovno- 
Xv nivovttg, tygolyivovtai; Aoxst yag o, tsolvogtwv 
&tgp(tiv slvai xrfv opvotv , xal to £rjV to $e dno&vq- 
oxsiv , xatdipv^ig, *H wonsg [xal] dnb tov xtavsiov, 
o^svvvfisvovxatdfiixgbvtov&sgfiovtov olxilov aXXd 
tgonov ttsgov; To (jsv yag, tr t xfjvxgojriti nrjyvvoi to 
vygbvxal&egfiov'odeohoSftfi'&egp.oTTiTitjjavtovfia- 
galvst tr\v qpvoixrjv ^egfiotrjia. Slant q ovv vno tov 
noXXov nvgbg xal rjXlov to oXiyov nvg anoofiivvvTat, 
ovjw r} iv tdtg owftaoi &sgfioti]g vnb trigiv t« ol'va, 
idvvnsg^dXXrj. — 24.AidtiolfiE&vovtsgdgi$dxgvoi 
fidXXov;' H oti&egnol xal vygol yivovtai; *Axgatug 
ovvsioiv, toots vnb pixgwv xiveto&ai. — 25. (€f. 13.) 
did ti r\ttov ps&voxovtai tatg fisydXaig xw#ww£o- 
fisvoi; ndvtwv yag tavtb aVtiovfj xatdxgovoig, xou- 
tiotiv imnoXijg. To fisv yag [ts&veiv , iv tdtg nsgl 
xscpaXriv t6noig.*** n II oti del ngbgtovg vnvovgvygo" 
trjta ivvndgxsiv &8Qfitjv ; avtrj yag svnsnrog. *Av 
ds fitj ivfi vygotrjg oXiyrj , % dvonsntog , ov ylvstai 
vnvog. Jib iv tdtg xonoig , xal fistd td oil I a xal 
vovg nctovg , vnv oat ixiat at oi yivovtai vnb tr}g &4q- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO III. PROBL. 22 — 20. 43 

(itjg. Toig de peXayxoXixdig , xal Tag (isydXag nv- 
giag , dygvnvla' xolg ftev, oxi xaxeipvxxal xovxw 
xolg de, oxi ovx eaxiv,rj bXiyov, toavegbv ovv oxi tig 
xavxa (tXenxeov xa& exegov xwv na&wv. — 26/cf. 
5. ) Aid xl oi olvoq>Xvyeg xgipovoi , xal fiaXXov data 
av dxgaxonoxiaaiv ; taxi de, b fiev olvog, &egpavxix6g* 
b de xgbfiog yivexai \idXiaxa anb ipvxgov* dib oi gi- 
ywvxeg pdXtoxa vgipovoi. IloXXdlg d' ydy xgufii- 
voig fiovm dxgdrw xgocpyg xdgcv , xgopoi xe iaxvgol 
ovvi(lr\oav , &oxe anogginxeiv xovg &Xiftovxag' xal 
tw &£QU(p vdaxi XovSfitvoi, dvaio&rjiuig tlxov. Ifc'rt- 
goi de tovxov xov xgonov diaixaipevoi , xal xgitpsoi 
Xgufitvoi xal xgocpfj xgeaat , ngbg dnonXi\xxixig dg- 
Qwoiiag yXaoav. [Oig] xgofioi fiev , did xr\v dxivrj- 
oiav , r\xxov ivimnxov , novog de iaxvgbg , xal to fttf 
tivvao&ai f)Ovxd£ftv. "Exi \_xai] xov fxiv xgopov ai- 
xia, r\ yvxgbxrig* opaivovxai ydg (waiteg tig igTat) o%xe 
giywvxeg xovxo ndaxovxeg , xal ol acpodga yigovxtg. 
^Afupoxigaiv de xovxav , xa>v uiv, xb nd&og ipvxQOV 
xwv de, r\ ijXixia • b de olvog, &sgfiavxtx(axaxog • wo& 
vmvavxiov av xi ov^jSaiioi, "llovd-iv xcoXvsi ylvs- 
o&ai xavxb vjio ivavxiwv , py waavxwg de noiovv- 
xtov ; oiov xal anb xtav ndyav dkoxdtxai vnb &eg- 
fxov , oxav o nayog a&goov noir^ar^ xb -degfiov * a»ore 
tan fiiv <og vn ivavxiav xb nd&og xb avxb ovpftai- 
vnv,eaxtdeaigvnbxovavxovxbavx6. c Odexg6fiogyivtxai 
pev vn ivddag &egfiov , air navxbg , dXXd xov oi- 
xeiov. &&eigsxai de xb &egpbv, i] pagdvon, 77 a(le~ 
aei* o(teotiftsv,vnbxa>vivavxl(ov f vnbipvxgovxalvygov 
pagdvoude, ivdsiaxgoyrig, oiov ol Xvx vol > oxav py 

Digitized by GoOgle 



44 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

ftfftMV inixxavfia, [irjd' sXaiov • i] vnb -&8gpov al- 
Xoxgiov , oiov to nvo iv i<j» tjX/w, xal oi Xvxvoi naga 
tm nvgi. Ol (isv ovv gty&vTsg v-no ipvxgov, ofovvv- 
[iipov tov &sgfiov Tgifiovoi, Aio xal To7g ngooxso- 
fisvoig to &egix6v, at (pgixai yivovxaf iyxaxaxXsiofts- 
vov yag to.ipvxgov float xal dvxiTisguoxdfisvov, lari- 
at tag Tgtyag ' xal tw dyxofisvat nvgsxxsiv to ylvo- 
fitvov glyog di bfiolav alxiav yivsxai. Ev ds tw 
yy\qn to dsgfibv pagaivsxai , Tijg TQoqttjg ynoXsmov- 
OT\g, Tgoqpi) ph ydg, vygbvTW &sg/i(a' to ds yygug, 
xpvxgov. Ol ds olvoqpXvysg , fiagatvofiivrjg fisv rrjg 
oixsiag ^sgiioTfjTogyTgi/iovut,* x$v si' Ttvsg aXXoi tovto 
ndoxovai did tov olvov. Ov tov aitov de xgonov 
Tolg did yijgag, d)X sxi xgixog rjv xgonog rrjg tov 
•dsgpov q>&ogag. "Oxav ydg virsqftaXXovTi xQwvxat, 
iv T*j oiofiaxi TtoXXtj ovaa ?/ &sqp6Ti]g, ij dnoofisvvv- 
oiv, 7) ao&svi'} noiuTt{V olxsiav >&sgfi6xi]xafi io%vo- 
fisv eoTi yag bxav fii) *0« r # J o xivovv tov 
xivovpsvov olov , oxav $vXov fiaxgbv xal ftsyct prj 
svxgaxag sxjl T 'S> to axgov igsfiEi. TivSTai yag tov- 
to , -q t$ to ixofitvov fisi^ov slvai, rj t$ to xivovv 
sXaxxov. 2vii($aivsi ds o^svvvfisvov tov &sgpov, (do- 
xs% yag aXxiov to fro slvat tov xivsiad-ai Totg fwot?) 
firj xgaxslv tZ\v cpvmv. ^fjfisTov d* on did yjvxgoTr}- 
Ta yivsxai to nd&og xdlg olvoqpXv^t xal Toig ngsafiv- 
Tsgoig, oti avsv Qiyovg yivsxai q xgofiog. — 27 • Aid ti 
6 dxgo-d-iaga^ fiaXXov nagoivsi tov [it&vovTog /uaX- 
Xov , xal vqq*ovxog / *IIoxi 6 fisv r^qxav, ov xglvst; 
o ds Ttavxanaoi ps&vtov, did to Tag alodiviosig iitint- 
nlaafisvag thai , oi dvvd^tvog to pdgog qpsgtiv , ov 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO III. PROBL. 26—31. 45 

xglvw ov xglrwv di, ov nagoivu. ( 'O di dxgodui- 
ga£ xglvst T8 f xal did ibv olvov xaxug xglvu, wots 
nagotvslv • woJieg xal2?divgov %bv Kla^opiviov bvxa 
(pilololdogov, (psvyovxa dixrjv^ Xva vni g jov ngdyfia- 
xog Xiyji xotl fir] loidogr)zai , id o>Ta ininlaoav , «V« 
nil axovav, tlgloidogiavTginTjjai* navofiivov di jov 
avxidixov , dytilov • fitxgd di axovoagsxi liyovtog, 
ovxaniaxpo, alia xaxwg sXsys , dice to aioxrdvsodai 
jf*6* t xaxwg di xgivuv. — 28. J id ti ngbg tbv y fa- 
it vv olvov r)dl(a ovxu, ov ylvovxai olvoylvytg ; "Hon 
otix i'diovxvfibv e%si 6 ylvxvg, all' dllbxgiov ; <l>ilo- 
ylvxvg ovv (idllov rj (piloivog i'oitti 6 xsxgajrjfxivog. 
— 29. (cf. 32.) Aid %l oi olvoylvytg vnb xov yllov 
&tguaiv6}ievoi , fidliaxa zaigovoiv ; *Hoxt diovxai 
mipstog; exi di xotl $id to xaiEipvx&cu. Jib xotl at 
anonl^ioti xotl otl dnovagxwoetg xdxioxa psxd xovg 
noxovg ylvovxai, — 30. (cf. 10.) Aid xl xolg fii&vov- 
oiv ivioxs nolld (paivtxai to tv bgwoiv ;*H on ai ao- 
Xoil xwv hipwv bom&ev xivovvxai vnb xov olvov, xa- 
ddntg f) olrj xeycdrj ; xivovpiviov di xwv dgx&v, ovx 
rig xavxb ovpftdllovoiv ai oyslg, altf olov inl pigog 
ixdxegov xov ogcofisvov' dib dvo (palvsxai' xavxo db 
xovxo yivexai , xal idv rig xaTOj&sv miotj xr\v oipir. 
Exivrjoe ydg xr)v agx^v trig oiptwg* Sort /uijxft* tig 
xavxb ovfipdllsiv xrj kiiga. *H fiiv ovv joiavtij xi- 
vrjoig , tSw&ev yivtxai' r) di dnb xov oi'vov , toadtv* 
Aiacpigei d 3 oi&iv. Tavxd ydg noir]ati onutoovv x*- 
vri&tioa. — 31. Aid ti twv [it&vovtav j yluooof 
ntaisi; IIoTtgov oti, xa&dnsg to ol6v capa i v rji 
fii&jl oydllnai, ovna xal n ylwooa o<palloftivn 

Digitized by GoOgle 



40 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

nxaisi, xalov dvvaxaixiiv Xi$iv diag&govv ; n II<moy- 
yMdyg ioxlv r t Tr t g yXvxxrjg odgS ; jSgtxofievrj-ovv «£»/- 
gerai. Tovtov ds ov^aivovTog did to ndxog to ino 
tov byxov, dvoxivvjxoxiga ovoa, ov dvvaxai dxgi- 
povv. "Hdioxi owe iv %$ vygo) dvvdfit&a XaXelv, 
dictTTjv dnovoiav tov degog , oyd 3 oxav tig to oxo/na 
lapatfjiev vygov ; 3 £v xg P&&J1 ovv iv vygm noXXy xtjg 
yX&xxrjg ovorjg, ovx axgiftovpev. To de [ir> axoifiovv, 
taxi to mulsiv. n H dioxi iv xalg fii&aig rj yvxj] ovp~ 
na&jjg yivofiivr] , main; T^g yvxyg ovv xovxo tt«- 
oxovorjg , elxog xal xrjv yktatxav tolvio ndox*iv. 3 An 
ixeivrjg ydg y tov Xiyeiv dgxn* 4ib xal x«*f>$ As 
fjti&rjg, oxav fj xpvxh nd&y *h ovfindoxti * <*l V yXwx- 
xa, oiov xav q>o{}ov[iiv(tiv. — 32. (Cf 29.) 4ia ti ol 
olvo<pXvyeg xal ol nsgl ti\v ddXaaaav, xalgovoiv ??A/o>; 
"ll dioTi ol fth olvoyXvytg diovxai niyewg, xal a,ua 
ovfi^aivu xivag Tonovg xaxefvx&ai; dib xal dno- 
nXri$iai xal dnovagxaoeig fisxd xovg noxovg • ol tit 
^aXdxxtoi, did to del iv iygw thai, tovso noiovoi; 
— 33. Aid xi ol ne&vovTsg ddvvaxoi dcpgodioid&iv; 
"Hon del [tdXXov xivct xonov ix&egfiav&ii]vai tov dX- 
Xov owparog; ol di did to TtXij&og Ttjg -degpaolag, 
ddvvaTovoiv. 'Anoo/Siwvxai ovv to dno trig xwi)- 
aetog -&egfi6v yiv6(i6vov vnb tov negiixovxog. H dioxi 
del (iev ix&egfiav&ijvai xovg xdxat xonovg, o d oivag 
avfo ns<pvx8 (pegeo&ar} more ixtt noie%xt\v &egfiaoiav, 
ivxev&ev de dndyei. Kal pexd xd aixia, qxicrtoi 
dq>godioiaoxixoi' xal xeXevovoiv dgioxav n*v noXv, 
deinvuv de bXiyov. ^Anenxiav fiev ydg ovxav, av(0 g>e- 
gexat • nenefi^ivuv di , xdx<u to &egpov xal xo vygov. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO III. PROBL. 31 — 35. 47 

'Hds xov onigfiaxog yivsotg ix tovtm. Kal o*xo- 
moSvxsg i^ovsigwxxovoiv , ow vygbg xal &ig t u6; oxo- 
7io?. *Eav ovv iv iw xotko xovxta yivr,xai ?/ negix- 
xwoig, av/u/5atV«i O-ovtig toxxsiv. did xavxb dsxal em 
lotg dggiaox^fiaoiv, cooig ylvsxai, ovfx^alvu* xal xotg 
cpofiovuzyoic, xalxolg dno&vrjoxouoi ovfi/^alvn waav- 
xag, — 34. did xi vioi ovxeg ivovgovoi pdXXov ox civ 
us&vo&aoiv, rj 7ig*o@vxsgoi; H H did xo &sgfiovg [xal 
vygovg~\ ilvai, 7toXvxbovg$vh ylv*xai7Tsgixxo)(ia, did 
xo fir] dvaXloxuv xb oafia to vygov \ taaxB V7isg%u- 
xai' ngsofivxigoig de yivo/iivoig , did Srjgoxqxa xr\v 
v-nsg/SoXyv dvxiand xo owfia. "H oxi fidXXov vnvta- 
xtxtoxsgoi sloiv ol vsoi twv ngsofiviigtov ; dibxovg fiiv 
viovg, xa&vnvovg ovxotg, Xav&dvei ?; bgpr] xov ovgov 
ixnlnxovoa ngh duytg&yvai,' xovg de ngsafivxigovg, 
ov' xa&dneg oids xtav t$(o&ev xivrioaav, ovdev x\xxov 
xi Xav&dvsi avxovg rj xovg viovg. Ar\Xov di' xal 
ydg avxolol vioi iv xotg fta&vxaxoig vnvoig pdXioxa 
ivovgovow. — 35. did xi to sXatov ngbg xdg pi&ag 
avpapigii , xal xov dvvao&ai nlvuv xo xaxaggotpuv y 
*Hdtoxi ovgriTtxop ioxi, xal tw nofiaxi ngoodonoiu ; 
SECTIO IV. 
u Oaa ntgl dcpqodloia. 
Aidxi 6 aygodioidfav xal aTto&vrjoxwv, dvaftaX- 
Xu xd Sfifiaxa, xa&svdtov di xaxaftdXXti ; H dtoxi 
uvto&sv to -frsgnbv i$ibv dvuoxgiyu Xvantg o£/i« • iv 
d&Tb) vnvta, xdxto avvdytxai • dio ginn xaxtaj 2vy- 
xXdovxai ds ol oydaXpol , did to (iy vndgx^v It* 
voxitia. — 2. Aid xi xwv nXdooiv dygodioloig *£W- 
pivuw, imdriXoxaxa avvdidtaoi xd o^uxa xal xa 

Digitized by GoOgle 



48 ARISTVTROBLEMATA. 

ia/la* xd psv, iyyvg ovxa • xd ds , noggoa ; lloxtgov 
oxv xal £v avxij tji ovvovola inidtjXoxaxa ovfinovsZ 
xavxa , xij igyaola ovvtovxa nsgl xi\v ngisoiv xov 
onsg/iaxog ; ovvsxdXipsxai ovv (tdXioxa ivxev&ev 
oaov svxtjxxov xrjg xgocpr\g svsoxi did xijv &Xi*piv. "//, 
dioxi nagad sgpaLvsxai, xrjxsxai pdXioxa • 6 ds dqtgo- 
diaiaopogj &SQfMorrjta sgyd&xai. MaXioxa ds xavxa 
dsgfialvsxai, a xivsixai iv xij igyaola. Ol ds oqp#ak- 
f.iol, xal xd nsgl xtjv sdgav, imdyXtog ovpnovsi. Ovxb 
ydg fxri avvdyovxi xd nsgl xr\v sdgav ivdsxstai ngoi- 
o&ai , ovxs fir] xwv ocp&aXpuv xaxa^Xfj&svxcov. Ta 
fiiv yag nsgl xijv sdgav avviovxa, &Xl/3u, olov «x xv- 
axsmg xf\ x f *Q* T0 vygov y ds xuv ocpdaXfiwv ovva- 
ycoyri, xd anb xov iyxscpdXov. "Oxi ds (isydXyv sxov- 
01 xd b'nnaxa xy\v dvvay.iv xal b xbnog aiiiwv ngog 
yivsaiv , dijXol r\ xwv uxexvaiv xal yovl/jiav yvvaixwv 
%olg ivaXeififiocai nsiga • ag diov xavxy dtsX&siv sig 
xb avsgiia dvvapiv. Illova ds [aft] dfiqxa Tvyx<* r{ * 
ovxa ndvxwv dsl, agxog xs xal ofipaxa. Aid fiiv ovv 
%i\v ovvsgyiav , xoivavsl xijg &sgfiaolag • diet ds xav- 
xk\v, Xsnxvvsxai xal ovvanoxgivsxai noXv slg xb onsg- 
pa, Ovxs yag, dv firj mov jj, bfiolatg[ygvosi]v #S£- 
ix6xr\g, ovxs mov py avpnovovv , olov iv x$ xoiXio}' 
aXXa ol vscpgol xwv dXXtav ftdXioxa' aio&dvovxai , diet 
xijv ysixvlaoiv, Kal avxrj ds rj xov onigpaxog nd- 
godog, nagd xovg xonovg xovxovg ovoa t inidr)X6xaTo: 
>lxavj iott, Xsnxvvsiv. 'Aqxxigsi yag [t*,] dXX? ov 
ngoaxl&rjoi, TiXrjoidgovou. — 3. Aid xi xetlol d<pgo- 
dioid£ovxeg, xal olsyvov/oi ov xgtopsvoi dygodiolotg, 
o/*wff dpyoxsgot, xd oppaxot ngbg oSvomiav (tXdnrov- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO IV. PROBL. 2 — 6. 49 

tat; "// ota joig psv, 8ia layvsiav , xoig 8s, dwt xrp 
nrjgwoiv , xa avco Srjga yivsxai paXXov xov Sipvxog • 
'EmdijXcxaxa 8' ivxovxoig, ooov xb tgyov saxlv axgi- 
(ttg' fj 8' oyig xoiovxov, Kaxaonojfisvtav 8k xiav 
[roiovjcov] vygtov, xa Sv<a fyQalvsxai. e fiiv fowl 
aq>go8ioiaoftbg, 8/jXov outovzo noul* xoig 8s tvvov- 
Xoig xa oxdXtj oldsi , xal ai xodiai tvXvxoi , wg xaxta 
ps&ioxapivov xov vygov. — 4. Aia xi av&gumog (xo- 
vov bxav ogxtjxai dvvcco&cu a(pgo8toid£siv, 7}{3q* x&v 
8s etXXw&uv oaaxglxage'xu, ov&sv ;"Hi7iti8r) xaxd 
tag jXtxiag (isxapdXXsi xa £iwa slg xovvavxiov ; cpb)vr\ 
xs ydg fiagsla c| o$siag yivsxai, xal Saovvsxai ix yji- 
X&v ; AijXov ovv uig xal xi ix ysvsxrig daaia £wa y/i- 
Xolx ay, ov 8aoivoixo , onsgpaxixa yivoftsva. lid- 
oxei 8s tovto, 8 id xo xa onsgfiaivovxa tygoxtga yivs~ 
a&ai xal dgaioxsga * & wv &gl$ qpvsxai • StjXov 8s ix 
xov fATj iv xatg ovXalg cpvta&at, xgfyag, prjde xolgnai- 
dioig xal yvvai'Siv. — ■ 5. Aid xi r\ dvvno8t}oia ov 
ovpyigsi ngbg dq>go8ioiaafiovg ; *H bxixb fiiXXov 
&<pgodnjia£uv oZpa , 8s1 xa ivxog &egpov ilvai xal 
vygov; xoiovxo 8s iv xoig vnvoig fidXXov , r\ iv xtu 
iygriyogivai. A Co xa* xaxv xal avsv igyaaiag oi c£o- 
vsigwypol yivovxai • ygriyogovoi ds, psxd novov. c ji[ia 
ds to oo) fia xoiovxov, xal oi nb8sg vygoxsgoi xal &eg- 
(ibxsgoi. Srifistov 8s, oxi xa&sv86vx(av , &egpol, wg 
afia xoig iv xoig ivxog ovxag sxovxsg. C H 8 avvno- 
8i)oia , xovvavxiov noisi • fygalvet, yotg xal xpvxu. 
w J2ot , sVxs aSvvaxov py &sgpuv ovnav a(pgo8toia- 
oat, si'xs xaXsjiov , avayxt\ aovpepogov sivat ngbg xr t v 
xiv aq>go8iol(av XQW™* ~" 6- ^ ia T ^ ^ w ? at A*"^'" 
Arist^Probl, d 

Digitized by GoOgle 



50 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

axa rwv £aW aq>go8ioidoag o av&gu>nog ,• *II dioxi 
nXuaxov ngo'itxai onigpa xaxd Xoyov xov aw pottos ; 
— 7. did *i ds nXuoxov ngo'isxai;'!! oxt rpiaia ex- 
novii irjy xgofpr^v , x«* q>vott vygbv xal &egpov io~xi 
x&v S(oa>v [tdXioxa; wv to pev, noiii onsgfiu noXv • xo 
di,xriv (pvoiv oneg/iaxwyv noul; Kal ydgxb ansgfia 
xotovxov iaxiv , mg ay aw^xai. — 8. Aid ti, to£J 
dq>godioid£tiv yivopivov dia&tgf*6x7ixct, xov dsqpo/Sov 
ovxog tyvxuxov xal xov dno&vr\axuv, ivioig oxav yd- 
yorvxai iy xovxoig xoig nd&toi, onigpa ngoigx^ai; 
*if oxi ipvxofiiv<ay iviav xontav, txsgoi vnodsgpaivov- 
xai, xyvxs oixeiav l/oyrej &egp6xtjxa, xa* tfe/o/a- 
voi xr\v Twy xaxayjvxofitvatv xonatv ; faaxs xaxayvxo- 
uivvv piv avp/Saiyst, ov did xo fvxta&ai [ds] fibvov, 
dXXd xal did xb &egfiaiveo&ai. JrjXov ds xal it) oipu. 
Tav yig qpoftovfiivmv xd ava XeKpaipu , xd de xdxa 
vygaivnai, xal ttodia xal xvaxtg Xvsxai. c Tnibv ovy 
xot&egfibv, iy (juey] tw q?o(t($ xdxta, iy di tw &avdxw, 
xdxu&tvayatt igvygaivov tiJ &Bgfioxrjti, not si xqv xov 
onigpaxog e£odov. — 9» did xi ov 5 si fiij ogywvxa, 
ovxt a<pgodioid£nv, ovis ifieiv, ovxs nxdgvvo&ai, 
ovxs (pvoay d(piivait*H oxi (ty ogywvxeg bfioiag i#<*- 
f«v xoig ix xyg yv\g uvaonaptvoig , olg ngoaexonuxai 
xi aXXoxgioy , jij iyxaxaleinexai anoonao&iv ,- °Anav 
di o dsi fiiy i$ag&rjvai, xoXo($bv di vnoXeinexai, nXeio* 
Xgovov nagiln novov. *£dv xs xlg xivijotj xl &XX6~ 
xgioy , xovxo novov naoiUi . ovx iv xi\ avxov ya/pa 
ov a ovfipijostai xoig fiy ogyatoi, notovol xi xwv *i- 
gnpivwv. — 10. Jid xi vtjoxug &dxxov d<pgo8ioidCov- 
otv f II dioxt oi nogoi xevwxtgoi oi xov otifiaxog ytj- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO IV. PROBL. 7-13. 51 

gtzgi , nXygsoi Si nXrjgeig; KaXvovoiv ovv tip tig to 
anigua vygotiyia b*u$iivat. JijXov di inl trjg xv- 
orewg. Ov yag dvyavtai nXrjgovg ovoTjg taxv v.ygo- 
dioid^siv. — 11. Ata ti ol vioi otav ngurov u<pgo- 
dioid&w ugxavrou, «*£ <*v b^iXr]o(aav , fitta tip nga- 
£iv fiioovaiv; *II diato piydXT)v yivso&ai tr)v ptta- 
fioXyv ; trjg yag ouupaivovarjg vatsgov di}diug fie- 
fivTifxevoi, <hg ah lav v inXyoiaoav, (psvyovoi. — 12. 
Aia xi ol Innsvortsg [ovpcx&$>] acpgodiaiaotixtougot 
yivovtai; *iToTt dia tr)v -&ign6rr\ta xal tr\v xivrjotv, 
tavro ndaxovaiv ansg iv tjj bfiiXia; Jio xal t# tfjg 
irnxovarig r)Xixlag imdiasi, nsgl ta aidota juf/fw ta 
fiogia tavta ylvtiai' [ail ovv trj xtvi\ou ravtrj x o(a ~ 
pivtav, tvgoatd adnata ylvstai,] xal ngowdontnoiri- 
fxiva ngog rbv aqpgodioiaofiov. — — 13. Aia ti brav 
agtjtovtai aqpgodiaid&iv dvvao&ai, ol XQW Ti $ otovor 
ngoregov d' oix o'Qovoi ngo ij/Srjg, ovts ol avdgtg, 
oilts al yvvalxtg; "lion rot ansnta , tovg ts X v l* ov $ 
usl xtlgovg sxtt, (ij yag o^vtigovg, ij aXfivgwtigovg, 
7) mxgorigovg) xal tag ooftdg dvotadeatigag ; ta di 
7t&t8jufiiva , i] yXvxiig, v rjrrov ayXsvx&g , xal tag 
oofiag tv(tidsotigag,rj yirov dvo(odsig;Tovto d* iotldij- 
Xov inl ndvrav -freoo/isvoig xal q>vttov xal £iu wv • axpai- 
gs&ivtwv dr) twv svnenrav, ta vnoXnnofitva antnta 
oiov 6r) xal inl tiqg ti<pgag , avaXa-d-ivtog tov yXv- 
xiog , mxga r) xovia, xal 6 idgag aXpvgog* Jlhtu 
di r\ yvotxr) degfiotrig to onigfia, o, pixgov ov, noX- 
Xt\v %x**> dvvafjuv ix noXXovydg bXiyov ovyxeyaXaito- 
tai • dio otav dniX&j] , Xvovxai wc imtonoXv^ [fiaX^ 
Xov,] xal xatax^ixovtah' ware ansntottgoi ol XW * 

Digitized by GoOgle 



52 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

lidXXov yivovrai, AvaaTOfJLOVfiirojv twv nogw diaTr\v 

txxgusiv avrov. 'AXfivgrnxegoi ovv ol twv naidwv 

idgang xal dvooadeoTsgoj did xl}v dneipiav • xal idv 

tvxv wiaitri y q>vaig ovoct , wart dvoudij \%uv Tyv 

vnooxaoiv tov Idg&Tog, tovtoig paXXov imarifiaivei, 

xal iv Tolg Tonoig Tovtoig fxdXiota, olov (ictaxcdrj , iv 

eS udXiOTa xal rdlg SXXoig. — 14. Aid ti idv fiev ix 

tov onegpaTog tov rifieTegov yevqxai £wov, tovto ?;//€- 

Ttgov i'xyovov ioxiv • idv de i$ aXXov Tivbg, y pigovg, 

i] dnoxgioewg, ov% iifietegev; ylvtxou ydgyrjnopevojv 

noXXa xal ix rov onegpaTog. Ti dq ovv , idv p& 

i olov tov olov rjfistg, fjfiizegov idv de dXXozgwv, ov ; 

rj ydg anavxa ngoorixei, rj ov&iv • i] ngmrov piv , oti 

ovtoj (lev eS rjneiEQOV yhnai, ixelvwg de *£ uXXotglov, 

ooa «£ anoxa&dgfiatog ybvtai xal ixxglosag ; xal 

oXtog ovdev twv tov Ztiov, £&ov yevvd, dXX' r] to oneg- 

/ua. To de fiXdmov xal to xaxbv, ov&evog ioxiv oi- 

xeiov, ovde to dXXoTgiov. Ov ydgTavib, tovtov t* 

thai, xal tovtov dXXoTgiov, t] eTegov , v xaxov. Ait 

de ixxglaeig xal oyipsig ov% rjphega , dXX hrega xal 

aXXoxgia tiijg qpvoeatg rm&v eioiv. Ov yag ooa iv tw 

avofiatt, yiverai, tov aoj^iocxog &bteov ' inel xal qpvfia- 

%a yivnai, a al'govoi xal ixfidXXovoi • xal bXug ooa 

nagd qpvoiv, ndvTa dXXeTgia. Ilagd qpvoiv de ttoX- 

Id xal vZv ovyyivofxivtav ioTiv. El ovv ix fiovov 

ioviov twv yfiETegtov yiveTai £&ov, bg&ag av to i* 

tovtov yivofievov, exyovov TjfieTegov eVfj fiovov. Kal 

ix tov onegfiaTog de Sv ti aXXo yevrjTai, olov oxo)Xf]£ 

aaneviog, rj xal iv tj\ firjtgcc diaqp&agevTog , olov a 

liyexui, Tegaxa, ovx exyovcf Xtxiiov oAw? yag ix dis^ 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO IV. PROBL. 14—10. 53 

y&agfiivov yivbfitva , ovx i'ti 4$ r)fittigov ovrog yive- 
iou , aXX i$ ixXXoigiov, coon eg rot ix toqv dnoxqiaunv , 
olov to ix Tr\g xongov. 2r{fiuoY de on ix duy&ag- 
fiivov navta t« roiavzct ytysicu. 'Ex fit] diay&stgo* 
fiivov yotg, toiovxov niqtvxe yiveo&ai, olov Sv /}, i$ 
ovto omgfia ' "iav £$ Xnnov, Xrntog • idv dei$otv&gcj- 
nov , ilv&g(onog, Kal avxo tb ov TifioifievTo otzsq- 
ua, ovds nuv to iv ttj yeveau yevofitvov. Kal ydg 
vygbv, xaloyxog Ttgxal octgl yhttou. note de, did 
to fir]n(o %xhv ti\v qpvotv , &XX' r] tooovtov fiovov tjJs 
yvoswg , oti ouxta didxnxm, wots yeveo&ai i£ avjov 
toiovtov olov rjpslg' ix de duqpd-aofiivov , oidh to«- 
ovtov. Aid Tctvta ovds i$ Lxigov twv iv ijfuv , ovds 
ix tovtov diiop&agfiivov r\ axeXoog i'xovxog , to I'x/o- 
vov ionv rjfihegop. — 15. Aid riiv tw vdaxi i\itov dv» 
vavTai dq?godioid£siv ol av&gamoi ; II on iv vdwn 
ov&ev Tr\xixaty oooc vnb nvgog TrjxsTcti; olov fioXi/Sdog, 
rj xrjQog' r} ds yovi) Tr\xofiivr\ qpaivsTOU nvgi' nglv 
fiiv ydg r) Tglipig ixdsgfidvrj, ovTrjxnciL' ol dslx&veg 
ov TQiifJH oxsvovoi. — 16. Aid t* to dcpgodioid£eiv 
ridtOTOV, xal noTsgov c£ dvdyxr\g t r\ ivtxa Tivog vndq- 
%ei Tolg £a>oig ; *H rjdv fiiv iaxiv , rjxoi did to onto 
navTog tov oafiaTog amivat, to orxigfia, woneg Tivig 
q>aaiv;"H xal dnb navrog fiiv fir] amivai, diet de to*- 
ovtov , tig o Tiavxtg avfipaivovoiv ol no got tuv qpAfi- 
/ftyy,* Ovorjg ovvT7\g r)dov%g ofiolag Tijg iv TwUvriofifyj 
tovto ovfi(?akHit ylvEO&at , QJunsQ dZ oXovtov owfia- 
TOff. c O de xvrjofiog ydvg ionv , vygov %%odog nvev- 
fiaicodovg iyxuTaxexXuofiivov nagd q?voiv. II de yo- 
vi\ , toiovtov tig to xaTtt (pvoiv Uodog. "£on de xctt 

Digitized by GoOgle ■ 



54 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

II avdyxrig idv, xal tvsxa.xivog. *Mt av&%*n$ psr, 
oxt T] ug xo xaxd <pvoiv 6db*g ydi iaxiv, idv y aio&tj- 
TiJ. v £vsxa di iivog, Xva yivsoig tj faJwy. Aid ydg 
%7]v ydovriv , fidXXov ogfiot ngbg xr\v fiiiiv xa fwa. 
— 17. (Cf. 1, 50.) Aid xi y Xayvda ngbg voorjfiaxa 
evia xav an 6 yX&yfiaxog avfiopigu; n H on ntgixxw- 
ficcrog [xivog] iaxiv t$odog • d?aTc ovvsxxgivsxai noX- 
Xr\ nsgixxwotg; To di (fXiyfia, negixxtapa. — 18. 
Aid xi xd dygodioia ttjv xoiXiav yvxei xal Sygaivu; 
"Hyvxu (lev, on ixxgivtxai xb dimply iv xjj pi&tt 
tygaivu di xal i\ fii&g'i *E$axpi'£txai ydg, xov &cg- 
(xov i$i6vxog • i&igx*xai $* yv/opivov, *J^n xal y 
^tgpox^g iv xtj opiXia fygaivH. — 19. Aid xi, oooig 
al (IXtyagidsg giovoi, Xdyvoi;*H did to alio, xal dio- 
xi ol (jpaXaxgoi ; taxi ydg fiogia ufiymxavta xov au- 
tov. "Eoxi di xo aXiiov • bnoaai ngsofivxigov ytvo- 
fiivov, fxrj av^dvovxai xav ovyysvixatv xgix&v, anaaai 
xovxo ndoxovoiv iv xatg Xayvtlaig. KtyaXri ydg 
xal bcpgvg xal pXicpaglg, ovyytvixal xgi/tg* Tovxav 
di fiovov ivioig al oqpgvf.g daavvovtamgeafivxigoig yi- 
vopivoig. Ai rjv di a a lav, ugyxai iv aXXoig. Al fre- 
gai di, did xo aixo cxpqxo Xdnovaiv. Alxiov di, oxi 
xaiayvxsi rd dvta fj Xayviia oXiyatpa ovxa ' woxb ov 
nhxti xqv xgoqpip 6 xonog. Ov Xapfidvovoai di xgo- 
o?r\v , ixgiovaiv al xgtytg. — : i.0. Aid xi ovgTjxi&vxsg 
ov dvvavxai d<pgodioid£eiv ; *H oxt- 7rXrjgtig yivovxat 
olnogoi; xo dinXijgtgvygov, ov dixrtcnaXlo vyqov. 
— • 21. Aid xi al i$lai xovg e'xovTag xwXvovoi yiwuv, 
xal av&gwjiovg, xal xtav aXXcavttoav o, xi dvsxfj^fl 
OT *^ i$ia ylvtxai) (itxaotuvxog nvtvpaxoq ; dio xal 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO IV. PROBL. 17 — 26. 55 

wytlsi 7tQQQ td fisXayxoXixd, JSati ds ko* o aqpoo- 
dioiaofiog fiitd nvtvpatog i$6dov. El ovv bdonoiti- 
tai r\ ogpi} yivofiivov etviov, ov noiuogfidvto onig- 
ficc y aXXd xatayvxetai * fiagaivst ovv tr t v avvtoviav 
tov aldoiov, — 22. Aid tiol dq>godiaid£ovtsg ixXvov- 
tai xal aodsviategoiyivovtai a>? innonoXv ; Uoxsgov 
did to anb ndvwov exxgiotv tlvai to anigfia • wore 
olov oixodopypazog al agfioviai, xal tov awfiatog 
ovtto OBio^ivfj avv&eaig ioti t$ dmXrjXvd-dvai* olov 
tl to alfia iSsX&g, % nav o , ti txXXo fiigog , ovztu 
oopodga inixaigov to i&ov iati • xal o ix noXXrjg yivs- 
tai tgoqpijg bXiyo* , olov to SfivXov ix tov ataitog, 
— 23. Aid tl ol dq>godiaid£ovug xal ovgritiavtsg 
ivtdvovviv ; *H 7tX7igovfiiv(av ttav nogtav vygotrjtog, 
to onigpa vns£ibv iv iXdttovh tony , nXsiovd tt by- 
xov nouXital al'gsi; inixtitaiydg to aldoiov inl tdig 
Tiogoig, — 24. Aid ti rj ovvtaaig yivttai tov aldoiov 
xal i\ avt-rjoig ; *II did dvo ; did ts to (lagog imyive- 
o&ai iv tw onio&ev twv og/eonv al'gto&ai; vnopo- 
%Xiov yag ol og%sig yivovtar [xal] did to nvsvfitttog 
TtXygova&ai tovg nogovg. "ll tov vygov av£avopi- 
vov xal fie&tatafiivov , o oyxog fisi&v yivstai; td 
Xiav di fisydXa, r^ttov aXgttai, did to noggmiga to 
pdgog tov vJtofioxXlev yivto&ai. — 25. did ti ol 
d(pgodioid£ovtsg xal ol toiovtoi, dvowdeig* (ol de 
naldsg, ov •) xal tov xaXovpivov ygdaov o£ovoiv ; v 
"j/Twy nvsvpdzajv (Jaqntg ttgytai) td fisv twv^nai- 
dim, nitteitb vygov, xafoovg Idgatag • ol dkttav av- 
dgav, anmtoi ; — 26. (cf. 29.) Aid ti iv t# &igu oi 
iib avdgtg rjttov dvvavTctt a<pgodiotd£uv , at di 

Digitized by GoOgle 



56 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

yvvatxtg fiaXXov ; xaddiisg xal 6 noitiTys Xiyei [inl 

MaxX6xaxaibkyvya%xig,dq>avg6xaT0i> 5s tc av5gs$. 
Jloxegov <m oi oqxuq xa&itvxai fiaXXov, % iv tgi x itm 
(jLwti,; dvdyxr\ ds, h piXXn dygodioid&v , avaaixa- 
oat. ' H hu ai -dsgfxal cpvastg ivTto &£gsi avpitiTnov- 

OIV, V7T6QJ3(XXX0VT0Q 5?) TOV d^SQ^OV' \ai 5k \}>VXQal, 

&dXnovoiy / soxi ds b piy dyyg , Sygog xal xHo/uos*] 
ft ds yvvrj, yjvxgd xal vygd. Tov fiiy ovv dvdgog 
yfiavQtoTai % dvvajiig* tmv ds, &dXXit,, inaviaovfisvi) 
tw ivayxia. — 27. Aid %i svioi a<pgodioia£onsvoi %al- 
qovoi' xal oi fiiy, a/*a dgcovxeg- oi d\ ov ; Hon 
taxiv kxaartj negixxtoost Tonog, slgovniqivxsv anoxgi- 
vso&at, xaxd q>voiv xalnovqv yivofxiyov, to nvwpa 
£$iov dvoidsiv noisi , xal avvsxxgivst, uvxr}V ; olov to 
uky ovgov, elgxvoxiv yd i^ixfiaofitvr} tgocpi}, tig 
xoiXlav to dh ddxgvov, tig opftaxa' [tv$ai d , tig 
fivxxtjgag* a r iy.ads, slg q?Xsf$ag* ofioiag dt} tov xoig 
xal fj yovrj eigogxsig xal aidola. dig ds oi nogoi firi 
xaxd qtvoiv e'xovom, dX£ rj did to (irj anoTVCpXw&ii- 
vai Tovg elg xb aldotoy, (olov ovyfialvet, xoig *i5- 
vovxoig xal evvovx'iaig) ?} xa* aXXtag , tig ti\v edgnv 
avgget fj xotavxr) ixpdg. Kal ydg dieUgxsrui tov- 
tjj. JSyfisioy d' iy ty ovvovaia , y ovvayayri tov 
toiovxov xonov , xal y ovvxi)$ig twv negl ttjv 
tdgay. 'Eav ovv vneg^dXXji Tig Trj Xayveio}, tov- 
Toig ivxav&a avvsgxsxai • caaxe oxav ij imxhifAia 
yivrjxai, xox im&vftsl xijg xgiytwg elg 3 avXXiytxai, 
Hd im&vuia, xal orno xwv on levy xal diayolag 
yivtrai. u Oxav ydg xiyTj&fj vtp* bxovovy, 4yxav&a 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO IV. PROBL. 26-27. 57 

to nvBVfia ovvxgixst , xal xo toiouto nsgixxwfta ovo- 
gel ov niqjvxe • xav fiev Xenxbv ij ynvevfiaxtodsg, tov- 
tov iUX&ovxog , moneg at ovvxaosig xolg naiol xal 
rdtg iv fiXixicc, ivioxs oi&evbg iygov ixxgi&evxog, 
navovxai. "Oxav de xaxao($eo&jj to vygbv, idv pyd 3 
eiegov xovxav na&t], im&vpu sag avxixovxiov avfi- 
firj. Ol de qpvasi ■&7]Xvdgiai , ovxw ovveaxaoiv, (ware 
ixei fiev firi ixxgivea&ai , TjoXiyrjv, ovneg xdtg fyovot 
xaxa yvoiv ixxgivexai, tig de xbv xonov xovxov, Al- 
%iov de , oxi naga (pvoiv avveoxaoiv. "Agoeveg yaq 
ovxsg , ovxco dmxtivxai, &axk avdyxrj xbv xonov xov- 
tov TtSTTjjgtoo&cu avxujv nijgaoig de, r\ fih t b'Xtognoiii 
q>&ogov • rj de, diaaxgoqirjv. 3 Exelvi] fiiv ovp ovx taxi' 
yvvr\ yctg av iyevexo. Idvdyxr] Sgot nagsoxgaqj&at, 
xal aXXo&l Ttov bg^tav xijg yovixijg ixxgioecog • dib xal 
anXyoxoi , wottjo al yvvalxeg. ^OXiyrj ydg q ixpag, 
xulovPid£exaii$ievai,xalxaxaipv%txaixaxv. Kaloaotg 
fiiv inl xrivtdgav, ovxot nctoxeiv iizidvpovoiv [oooig 
de in Gtfiqpoxegst 9 ovxoi xal dgnv xal nioxuv icp 
onoxega de nXeiov , xovxov.~\ *Erioig de yivixai xal 
i$ t&ovg xb nd&og xovxo. "Oaa yag dv noiwoi, ovfi~ 
fiaivu avTdtgxa[gsiv, xal ngo'teo&aL x^vyov^v ovicog. 
Em&vfiOvotv ovv noieiv \oig dv xavxa yiverai' xal 
fiaXXov xo I'&og woneg qpvoig ylvexau Jia xovxo 
oaoi av [iij ngb Tj^rjg , dXXd nsgl yptjv i&ig&tooiv 
atpgodiaiaieo&ai , did xb yiveo&ai uvxotg iv xjj XQ*t<* 
Ttjv fivijurjv , apa de xfj fivrifirj xi]V ffiovrjv, did de xo 
t&og, woneg neyvxoxeg, im&V[iovai ndoxsiv, xa //*V- 
toc noXXd, xal xb I'&og, wontg necpvxooi yivexai. 
*Edv dh ivxy Xayvog (Sv *tti paXaxbg , xal dcixxov 

Digitized by GoOgle 



58 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

txaoxa xovxoav avpflaivei. — 28. Aid xl pdXioxa 
aloxvvovxai opoXoyely oi im&vfiovvxeg dqtgodioid- 
&o&cu, &X£ ov meXv , ovds opayetv , ovde dXXo 
xaiv xoiovxav ovdev; II on to) v fit* nXeioxoav dvay- 
xaiai at im-d-vfiiai, evia de xal dvaigel xovg firj xvy- 
Xavovxag* r\ de xav dqpgodioiav , ix negiovalag ioxi; 

— 29. (Cf. 25.) Aid xl oi (ih tivdgeg xov jf/pwyos, 
ctl de yvvaixsg xov &egovg bgpijxixaxegay ngog xa 
d(pgodloia; n tI oxi oi p$v avdgeg, &egpol (idXXov xal 
tygol xdg qpvoeig* at deyvvalxeg, vygalxalxaxeytvy- 
fievai; Toig pev ovv xb vygbv xal xb &eg[ibv avxag- 
xig ngbg xijv bg/trjv, xov x^wvog • (^ ds xov omgfia- 
xog yeveoig, ix xovxoav) xatg de, xb &egpbv e).axxov 
xal xb vygbv ioxt nsnrjybg , did xr\v evdeiav xov nv- 
gog* xovxo de dtgovg. Talg fiev ovv , ovfiptxgov xo 
^o'r xolg de, nXeov xov ixavov. To yag ayav, 
noXv ixXvti xijg dvrdfieag' dib xal xd naidia xov #6- 
govg Xenxoxtga. 2vp(laivn ydg nvg inl nvg^ qpegeiv. 

— 30. Aid xibooidegfiol xv\v cpvoiv, idv laxvgol aoi 
xal evxga<peig , idv ftij dtpgodtoidowoi, XoXrj xt 7xgdt- 
oxaxai avxdig noXXdxig , xalMxnixgov vnoxugii, x«* 
(fXiyfia aXfivgbv yivexai, xal aXXoxgoovaiv ; ' II oxi 
find xov onegpaxog del mglxxugiaovvanigxsxai; dio 
xal ivioig xwv nvsv/iaxixav , ix&vwv nXvvxgov o£« 
i\ yovq, *Aq?godiaid£ovm (iiv ovv xovxo ovvanigxi- 
xai, wax ov Xvnel • fxij dnxofiivoig de xr\g ofiiXlag, xo 
neglxxwfia ixnutgovxai, 4] aXfivgbv yivexai. — 31. 
Aid %i dqigodioiaoxixol oi peXayxoXtxoi ; 'if or* nvev- 
ptxTudeig ,• to de ontgfia, nvevpaxog e£odog iox$v. dig 
ovv noXv xoiovxov, dvdyxq noXXdxig im&vpelv tov- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO IV. PROBL. 28 — 33 59 

iovq aTroxa&algeo&af xovq>i£oviai yag. — 32. Aw. 
vi xal ol ogvi&eg xal ol daoslg av&gconoi Xdyvoi; 
Hoxsgov on vygoxrjxa b/ovoi 7ioXXr\v ; ij ov , (to yag 
-drjkv , iygbv fiiv, dXX* oi daov) aXX* oxi dfupoisgou 
al (pvaeig , nvtxixal vyg6xr\xog noXXrjg did &sg^6xrj^ 
ta ; oijpslov di al xgixtg xal xd nxtgd. *H oxi noXv 
to vygov, xal xgaxsixat vnb xov Ssgfiov ; Ovxt yag 
av (iri noXXrjg ovarjg xrjg vygoxtjxog , oiixs pr[ xgaxov- 
liivr^g, i&cpvtTo xolg fiiv, at xgi%tg f xoig di, xaTrtsgd. 
To di cnigpa yivsxai iv xolg xoiovxoig nXtioxov , xal 
ronoig xal agaig, oiov iv t$ eagi. c II yag cpvoig 
aixov vygd xal SiQ^rj. Aid xaixb di xal ol ogvi- 
&tg Xdyvoi, xal ol xaXot. C H yag xgoqprj afiqpoxigoig, 
xoctci) fisVj oXlyr\ , did xr\v avanriglav x&v oxtlpv ug 
di xov avw xonov tyxexai , xal tig anigfia avyxgivt- 
tat. — 33. Aid xi idv dq?godioid£r] o dv&gtanog, ol 
by&aXfiol do&tvovoi pdXurta; n H drjXov oxi dnoXtl- 
novxog xov vygov xovxo yivsxai; xexpijgiov d' oxi r\ 
yovrj ipvxgd ioxiv • oi yag yivsxai vyga , idv firj dia- 
&tgfidvr} xd &sgfxd • oidi deixai xrj£e&g. Kixvxai yag 
iv xa dv&gdnq agneg xb ulna, 

SECTIO V. 
"Oau una xonov. 
Aid xifiaxgol fiiv ovxtg ol neginaxoi (vxoXgbpa- 
Xiai , xomagaxsgoi tioi xtov dvtafidX<ov • pgWig di, 
dxonwitgoi; "ff oxi y xs noXXr t xhrjoig noiii xonov, 
xal % laxvgd, Toiavxr\ di i\ onaopaxtodijg • noXXtj 
di fjjfvvixrjg xal f*/«. 7 Ev fiiv ovv xoig dvavxeoiv, 
idv ji (taxgd , dvdnavoig yivetai fj (isxafioXi) , xal ov 
fiutgd tj xivriQig, oidi Xnntav avxuv, did x^v pvritflo- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



60 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

Xr(v % iv de xolg bpaXeotv , i] bpoioxTjg xov oxrjfiaiog 
oi diaXafipdvH, ovde avanotvu xd fiigt], dXXd ovveg- 
yd&xai ngbg xb ovvexv tivai tvv xlvrjoiv. "Oxav ds 
7} (iQaxtia , did fiivxb nXil\&og xr\g xivijoecog , iv xoXg 
inmedoig ov ylvsxcu xonog • iv de xolg dvavxsoiv, 
did xb xjjv fxexa^oXriv iaxvgdv ylvso&ai xcil ivavxlav, 
bxe fiev «Vw, bis de xdtta ynoiel xonov. Toictvxrj de 
CSg (pctfisp) iv xdtg dvdvxeaiv • iv de xdlg mdivotg xov- 
vavxlov. — 2. Aid xl xotg Xunoxpvxovai xalxolg ix 
xwv yvfivaolav [diaXvopivoig,] iXdxxovfxs oi by hoi, 
xctl b^viegai doxovaiv sir at ai qxavoti; "H on at xs 
cpwvul IXdxxovg qpaivopevai, olvtegai cpaLvovxai' (on~ 
(iiiov de, oxi fiifiovfiivoi, xovg noggto&ev oSv (p&ey- 
yovxai) xal oi oyxoi iXdxxovg ; — 3. (cf. 14.) Aid 
xl rj yaoxrjg \ibvov Xenxvvexat xwv yvfiva&fiivtov ; H 
o>xi nXeloxrj y mpfXi} negl xrjv yaoxega; — 4. Aid 
xl xb nlov xixqififiivov ylvexai xoUg novovoiv;"H dioxi 
xb nlov xyxexoii -^egfiaivo^ievov • r t de xivrjoig &egftai- 
vtf r) de adg$ ov xyxexai. — 5. Aid xl de xd negl 
xrjv xoiXlav nioxctxot; Iloxtgov oxviyyvg xijg xgo<pi)g ; 
iv oobi ovv xaXXa nag ixelvrjg Xotpftdvsi, avxrj noX- 
Xaxig Xdpfidvei, "lion ijxioxa novel; xafindg ydg 
ovx ex* 1 * — 6- Aid xl ol xonoi [idXXov navovxai, 
oxav xlg tw iXalco vdag avpfilSag dvaxglipijxou ; "H 
oxi fidXXov elgdvexcti xb eXaiov fiexd xov vdaxog / idv 
de aixb xa& ccvxb ?/ , ovx bpoiag nageiodvvei , did 
xb imnoXaaxixbv eivou, MdXXov ovv fiaXdxxsxoti xo 
oca pa ela&voftevov , inel xb e'Xatov ioxt yvaei &eg(ibv 
xct de &eg(id xal Irjgalvu xocl oxXrjgvvei • ngbg de xovg 
xonovg, d$u[t<pog6v iaiiv ij fygaolu xal fi axXfjgoxtjg. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO V. PROBL. 2-7. 61 

Met a dk tov tJdaTO? dvaTQiqp&iv , tjttov tygaivs*. 
— 7. did ti Tolg xomwoi TtgoaxatTOVOiv ifiiiv • ttntg 
6 Bfietog xonadsg ianv -*H xonog ylvsxai, oot&v&Xw- 
fiivav xalm^ofiivtav xal xomoafiivtov ; nxvxa dkvnb 
joov intog xivog ndoxoi dv, ?j tcop iv tw ow/huti' xal 
tovto diTt(o$. H ydg aagxuv vTrsgitivovowv xr\v dv- 
vay.iv avTwv } ij acjfiarog ixix&ivtog avxvov to) ttXXoj 
OtofiitTi, , j?W£ay olxdav ovx I'xovxog , oia ra neginca- 
ficttd iaxi. Uavra ydg ju ixrog yfuv mgiamofitva 
(Hdgrj, xonwdioTtga tgiv tov owfiarogfiBgav, xrtv xvxfi 
ora&fiM ovrct avtojy iXuygoxtga. JZtjpuov b*s rwv 
ugr^ivfov * ol ydg nXiiov foPgaxoxeg xal nejuaxong, 
tXaxxov novi)oavxtg *j vqoxHg evxsg, [idXXov xomwoi,did 
to fit} xrjv oixsiav x^Q ay l%uv %d a nice, ovta cinema. 
*Entl ds o xonog ovvxrfciv noiu, r\ di ovvxr)$ig ntglx- 
tcj/ioi ioxi , tovxo ioxiv o tov xotiov iv 17/wv noiel, 
nXavfopsvov dxdxxtog 9 xal ngoonlmov oaxolgxe xal 
vsvgoig , xal tdlg ivxbg xijg aagxog agaioig ovai xal 
avewypivoig. *0 ovv tfiBtog, iSdytov avxo, al'xiov ov 
tov xonov, dxonovg tlxoxtag noiii, Atlnu ydg olov 
qv 4v otgxj) tov novov to aa)(ua, Konwdtg d* iotlv 
e/isxog, ov xy Tyg yivofiivijg iv avxw xivrjotwgvntQ- 
fioljj, aX£ oxav ovfi^j] prj xaXwg iZepioai. Aijq>&&- 
tcjy ydg noXXiav aixiiav.., xal nsgixjcoftaxoiv xovxoig 
ivovTwv, tbv tov ip&xov xotiov ylvso&ai avfi^aivet, 
xa&dmg inl twv nsnXrjgwfiivcov tl'gtjxat. £* ovv 
pifi' ixBivoig 6 nbvog ioxl tov xotiov ai'xtog, aXXa to 
ovxag %'zovxas novrioat, oifr av ToXg fiy iZaigovoiTa 
aiTia, bfiSTog iXr\ tov xotiov aVuog' ixgyv ydg ndot 
Tolg ifiovai ylveo&ai xonov. rivovxai 5e axonmsgo* 

Digitized by GoOgle 



64 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

ojuoiei)$.y« xa* r\ odgS. dio xal xb ngo^Xfifid- iotiv. 
x, OXtog ydg iv xolg yvfivaaloig xal novoig, xal /idXiaxa 
Xenxvyexai v\ yaoxrjg. Alxiov d' oxi xd niovaJttQ- 
fiaivofiiva xyxexai, xal xd yvou xdaiv exovxa, fiaXXov. 
To ds digpa ioxl (pvaei Kxov xdoiv • dXXd did xo mat- 
vio&ai xdxioxa, ad xiva l^fit moxrixa, idv (Arjxdpvji 
xivl voo(o. Ai'xiov ds xoviov, oxi iyyvg ioxi xtjg too- 
(pyg* inn ovv bXag tj m^sX*] oix saxi (pvosi, aXX ini- 
xxr\xov , xal ov x&v avayxulwv fisguv , taonsg xal y 
octg£ , xal % xav yvfivaoloiv xlvrjotg , xal r\ xtjg xgi- 
tpswg, &sgfiaivovoat , xr\xovoiv aixi)v'xal%i}v xgocprp 
ixnXeovdiovoav ve^ovai xolg aXXoig fiogioig. Aio al 
(lev xa&idgai, xyv xoiXiav.maivovai, xb d 3 aXXo awfia 
Xnzxvvovaiv al ds xivrjosig , xal al xgiipug , xyv psr 
xoiXiav Xsnxvvovai, to ds alXo ow/ua naxvvovoi. 
— 15. did xi ix xwv acpodgwv xal [laxgwv bdwv xal 
dgopnv, oxav 0%r\ Jig in axgav xwv daxxvXav, otiov~ 
Tat twj> nodwv al nxsgvai, xal ondxai xaxta ngons- 
xStg; *H did xyv G\)vi%tiav xal oyodgotijTa xfaxivq- 
osag, oix avanavsxai o osiofibg to! av&Qwna Twy 
vsvgav ; Tov (asv ydg oXov odfiaxog xgaxsi ?^ tyvxn 
noXXdxig, fioglm d* ov, bnoxav ntigxtvri&r), oiopxal 
xagdiag xal aldolov. Alxiov d' , oxi nvsvfia noXv 
mgl xd vsvga ixxaisxai, o oix apa ixifjvxsxaioxavxi. 
Tovxo ovv oeiov toonsg vnoontov xy xivh\gu , xaTce- 
andxai , xal xov noggaxdxov yxioxa noiu xgaxdv * 
xotovxov ds al nxsgvai, olov xdig 6gyi£o[iivoig xo 
xdxa) x&Xog. — 16. did xl ol fit} ocpodga avvxovtag 
xgixovxsg , iv tw gv&fiuj dvanviovoiv ; Iloxegov oxt 
nag gv&fiog, wgiofiwr} petgeixai xiwnauj xoiavxrj d* 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECT10 V. PROBL. 15 — 19. 65 

iatlv 7] di Xaov ovaa, akrneg oi TgoxdSovteg noiov- 
aiv, "Apa ovv dgxoptvoi Tgoxd&iv, dvanviovoiv 
wots ttjv vtfanvoi)v di Xaov yevo^ievrjv , did to ttj lot] 
xiv%ou jj,tTQuo&ai , gv&fiov noiuv. II on ndaa ph 
dnXag dvanvor) , di 3 Xaov yivexai Toig xaid opvoiv 
avrji xgwpevoig t xal firj xaTe%ovoi ; xa&rjjuevoig ph 
ovv xalj}adi£ovoi, fiSTgiag ovarjg jjjg tov ocjftaiog 
xivrjomg, ovx evdrjXog 6 gv&fiog yivnai, 2vvTovwg 
de tqixovaiv , ov nagaxoXov^ovoTjg Tjj xivtjoei Tijg 
aia&noeag , ov,dvvdfis&a avvogdv tov irjg dvanvor\g 
gv&fxov. *Ev de to) fietgitag ,Tgoxd£siv, fisigov ^ xlvr\- 
oig~ alo&iyibv trig dvanvoijg noiovoa, tov gv&pov dt}- 
Xol. — 17. did il iv tw Tgoxd£uv ixnvevfxaTovo&at 
doxel r\\xiv o ayg ; HoTegov on xwovptvoi , did tov 
tgoxo%nv rov ovvbxv *o7g ou/uaoiv ^wy diga xivov- 
fitVj o iouv nvsvpa ; d ion eg ov doxtl povov, aXXd 
xal xaid dXr)&eiav ixitvevfiaToviai o ar]g. "H dion 
TQOxd£ovTE$ 7tgoaxo7tTOfiBv %m degi; tovtov de OVfl- 
(tctlvovTog , fidXXov al'o&i]oiv Xafi/Jdvofiev tov digog 
did Ttjg xwrjomg. .Eixotag ovv fjfuv ixnvevfiaTov- 
o&cu doxei. Tovto ydg ovppaivu , did tt)v opogdv, 

— 18. (Cf. 29.) did %l fidXXov &iovreg rj (tadltovteg, 
nimovQiv ; [*//] oti fidXXov nglv xivHa&ai aXgov- 
aiv; to ydg dhiv tov (tadl£tiv tovx(o diayegsi. 

— 19. (Cf, 24.) did tI 71qts dva/Salvovtsg ftev , toi 
yovctTa Tiovovfiw xaxafiahvovxeg de, Tovg prjgovg; 
* H oti oxav fiev dva^alvcafiev , avaggimovfiev avto to 
aw/* a, xal i\ ondotg noXXrj tov awpaTog , xal i\ ano 
wy yovdiojv yivsTai* dio novovfjiev i« yovaxa • iv de 
Toig naTdvTtoi, did to vnoq>*Qto&*i T0 '£ oxiXwi tovq 

Arist. Pr'obl. e 

. Digitized by GoOgle 



66 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

ptiyovs , dnooxrjgi^o^svoi novovpsv avxovg. J£i& 
anuv xb naga qpvoiv [yivbyisvov , novov xal Xvnr^v 
nagaonivaCfii. "Eoxi 8s xb xaxd qpvoiv ,] idtg fisv 
yovaoiv , i\ tig to ngoodsv nXaoig ' xdtg 8s [irjQolg , y 
Big xoilmo&sv. *Ev (lev ovv xdtg avdvxtai,xa yovaxa 
TtXaxai slg xovma&sv, Sid xb oxr\gL£sa$ai fiovXeo&ar 
iv toig xaxdvxsci 8\ ol (irigol slg xovungoadev xXwv- 
xai, 8id to itgonsxsg f}fiiov slvai to owfux. — 20. Aia 
xl tioxe iv xdlg oddig xav firjgwv xo fisaov [taXioxa 
novov fisv ; "Hot* navxog fiaxgov xal hvog ovxog, iaxtj^ 
giyfiivov 8s, xov fieaov 6 ndvog fidXiaxa ylvsxai • dio 
xca xaxdyvvxai pdXnxa ivxsv&sv; 6 8s prjgogioxt, 
xoioviov * 8ib xal xb pioov avxov pdXiaxa tiovovjisv, 

— 21. Aid xi ol vygol xa/v nvlyovxm novr\oavxsg t 
xcu vnb xov xavpaxog ; "H ot* ixdzgiiaivopsvov 
vygov, ur\g yivsxai, xal nasi (idXXovxo nXsov ; Oxav 
ovv /ui? dvvqxai, vm^dysiv did xb nXrj&og , ov yivsxai 
xaxdipv$ig* wotc [t<*£v] ixnvgovxai vnb xov ovp(pv- 
xov xal imxx^xov &sgfiov. Alb xal ol yivofxsvoi 
ISgwxtg xoig yv[iva£o[isvoig , xal hXag xoig novovai, 
xal ?j tov nvsvfiaxog s?o8og, uysXipov. Aiaxgivopi- 
vov yag xal Xsnxvvofisvov xov vygov, nvsvfia ylvsxai. 

— 22- Aid xi xd ovfifisxga Taly ocofi&xwv xdpvsi xs 
TtoXXdxig, xal dnaXXdxxsi gaov ; W H 8id xavxb aftqua; 
bpaXov ydg ioxi xb ovfjfisxgov ' xb ds ofiaXov, opo- 
na&eoTegov. *Env ovv xi novr\o"$ [tigog, sv&vg avfi' 
novii xb oXov. To 8s dovpfisxgov, dxs paXXov ctnrjg- 
xvm&vov , ov ovvanoXavsi xmv psgSiv. Kafivsi fisv 
ovv noXXaxig 8ia xovxo • Qaov 8s anaXXdxxn, oxi nav 
*oivttivt"i xb owfia. Elg nXsita yag 8iavs(i6p*vov to 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO V, PROBL. 19 - 25. 67 

nd&og, ylvsxai ao&svioxsgov * (ooxs ivanaXXaxxoxt- 
gov. To ds aavfjfiSTQOV, axs ov xoivwovv xdlg (ti- 
gtoiv, iXaxxovdxig pkv xdfivst, xaXenuxegov ds dnaX- 
Xdxxsi' oyodgbvydg xb nd&og. — 23. (Cf.l0.)^*a xixo- 
mwot fisv fiaXXov iv xolg bfiaXolg , rj iv xdlg dvapd- 
Xoig; -daxxov ds fiadi£ovoi ttjv bfiaXrjv , fj xr\v ccycu- 
pctXov; n H oxt dxoncoxaxov fiiv to pi) dtl iv xjj «ycu- 
(A(xX<t> nogtiit fiaXXov ; -fraxxov ds nogsvovxai, , onov 
iv tw i'oco xgova f) dvacpoga iXdxxoav. *Ev fisv ovv 
tw bpaXw, [AMQot r\ agotg xal nvwrp iv ds tw ovoj- 
/idXco, xovvavxiov. To ds nag ixdaxr^v (Sdaiv yivo- 
fxsvov , noXv ylvsxai nagd noXXdg. — 24. (Cf. 19.) 
Am xi xaxaftaivovxsg [is* xd xaxdvxij , xovg firjgovg 
(.taXioxa novovfisv dvaftalvovxsg ds , xdg xvi)fiag ; *H 
oxl avafiaivovxsg ftsv}xw al'gsiv xb oatfta ; anav ydg 
yivsxai yogxlov xb owfia. 'Jli ovv anav inixsixai, 
xal w ougoftsv , xovxo fidXtoxa novu. C II ds xvfjfxi] 
xovxo. *'Eox<xxov ydg , prjxog %xov • xal ovx vansg b 
novg nXaxog *%si • dib oaXsvtxai. c fLoxs oiov tg) oijuu 
ta ftagtj xivovfisv, xal inl xovxta sxofxsv. Toiyagovy 
xal novovfisv xbv topov pdXioxet. Kaxafiaivovxsg ds, 
t« ixninxsiv x6 o&fia xdxta xal ngowdsTv nagd q>v- 
oiv, o novog ioxiv Soxs m fidXtoxa ixn'mxsi xal o*~ 
Xevei, xovxq? nagixti xbv novov. c II fisv ovv xvrififj, 
pivw xb ds pdgog, b &wga$ yivsxai • 6 ds firjgbg, di- 
%sxa£ xt xal oaXsvsxai, did xb prjxogxs Ix^tvxal oxgi- 
qxo&ai avw&sv, j) b -frugal; ixninxfi. — 25. (Cf. 30, 
4. ) zlid xi nXsiav doxsi r\ bdbg shut, oxav /u?) sldoxsg 
fiadiSoofisv nbo7\ xlq, r) bxav sldoxsg, idv xaXXa hpo'iag 
t%orx*g xvxwusv; *H bxi xb sidivat noorj , xo fideva* 

E2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



68 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

iuxl rbv <xqi&[awv aviov • xal nXuov au to aogunov 
tov (tiQHjpsvov / Jlansg ovv si jjdsi or* Toaf/de, mm- 
gavpdvrjv avayxrj uvai- ov'rw xal u ^ older, ag t av~ 
TioigicpovTog, nagaXoyi&xair) yvx*\> xal cpalvsxai sl- 
vai uTiuqog. "Exi xb noabv , wgiafiivov* xal to woi- 
opivov, noobv. "Oxav Toivvv pi} q>ahr\xai, wgiopivov, 
toonsg ot7iHQov (palveiai uvctij dia to to nsyvxbg a>o«- 
o&ai, iav fiy jj wgiofiivov, anstgov thai' wots xal 
to cpctivopevov fit] wgio&ai , q>aivso&at avayxr\ nag 
unigavxov. — 26. Aia xl tovg (xtjgovg {ictXXov rj Tag 
xvv^iag xoniwai; Ilbxsgov oxi iyyvg xov xonov tov 
tyovxog to nsglxxafia • wots av vmgPaXXtj dia Tt\v 
xivyoiv Tjj •dsgfioTTiTi, ovoirwaiv oi firjgol juaXXov xal 
nXeiov r} oti xvijfioti ; y dia to ovficpvig fiaXXov tivm 
Tovg priQovg ; MaXiaxa yag novovai xy xov ovvexovg 
dtaaxaou. Kal yag av firjdev I'xovxsg negirtiopa, 
xomuoojoiv , opojg Tovg firjgovg xal xr\v boepvv 7io- 
•vovoi puXXov. "ff oxi xa&antg oi (iovptoveg ylvovxai 
ttXyyivxeg , dia xrjv agoiv xwv cpXtfiiav xal vsvgoav, 
ovxto xal ovxog ; iyyvxiga dexilg ixgx^g 6 firigog. *H 
dioxi fiaXXov iv r<5 avxta oxyfiaxi 6 prjgbg Tr^g xvtj- 
fAf\g ; tovto di xomagtoxsgov. *Hoti oagxddrjg* waif 
noXv to xaia <pvoiv c/ojv iv aixw ; — 27. Aio\ xi 
ivioig oxav novrjocooiv , sXxrj ixcpvovaiv ; *H oxav to 
owfia axd&agxov j] , rj xlvrjoig &ig[iaivovoa , xal aA,- 
Xu nsgixtttifiaxa avvthxiAa^u fisxaxov idgwTog; rea— 
X*<* dk ovxa, xal x^ovg h'xovxa pox&ygovg , o^etg 
xal itixgovg xal aXfivgovg , xa negixxiopaxa ixxgive- 
o&ai [i£v ov dvvaxai diet naxog , gaigsxai di dia Ttjg 
actgxog, xotl iStXxol dia mxgoxyxa xovxvfiov. 28. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO V. PROBL. 25 — 33. GO 

Aia ti tolg ix xav yvfivaoitov xal q>agpaxo7toai(op ovx 
tv&vg ngooq>igovai xgo<prjv; "ff dioxi xa&algcxai to 
otapaexi, xal ovx apaninaviamopovp, xalanoxixgi- 
rai xa mQixxcbpaxa ; — 29- (cf. 18.) Aia xi ^edf- 
nwxegov &hp ?] (ladi£uv,-"H oxi nXtiop (pogxiop qtegu 

-&iwv; 'Oxav yag ji fisxmgog, Snap i<p avxw ifou* 
6 di fiadifar , ohp inl xdlg xsixioig apanavopevog, 
im&slgeXei£nix<nrjg$fiovpxt. — SO.AtaxUxxtopyvtiva- 
al(ov ol n IvovaiVBv&vg; lloxtgop diet xyp vnoXuyip xf\g 
avpxrjSstog, mg avxinsy&jj ; 4j diet xb npivpa o nout o 
Ttovog ix xov vygov; rj dia Tip diipap, % ylpsxai 4x 
xov &egfiaiv8o&ai nopovpxag. Jldpxa yag avfifiaU 
vuxavxa. — 31. Aia ti iSovngoiXTixoi uoip ol xo- 
niwvitg xctl (p&ioicopxsg ; ™H ou oXtog Qovngtaxtixol 

01 &sgfxol [xal vygoi;'] to yc\g onigpa xoiovxop iox* 
iiivcpvoiy. To xoiovxo di, i$ ovxa diaxfifisputp fiaXi- 
otct yivBTott. OxaP di r\ an 6 xov vnpov d-tgfjtoxrig 
ngogyivrjxai , pixgag $onyg xa ocifiaxa delicti, xal 
xavxrjg soco&ep, aXX 3 ovx tgto&sp. Ol di <p&ioixol xcti 
xomStpxtg, ovxta didxsipxai* ol ph yag xomuvxtg, 
dia rov xonov xal xt\p xivyoiv, ovpxriyfiaxog -fregpov 
nXrigug eiolp • ol di cp&toixol, diet tbv xaxug^ovv xal 
xrjv ytpofiivfjv &sQHf]v vnb xyg (pXsypaoiag. — 32. 
Aia xi to itgioxtgbv oxtXog x<xXminxtgov xglfieo&a* 
v<p iavxov noXvv xoovov y % xb dt£iop ; n H oxi -tdlg 
degidlg novup dvvdfisd^a ; iv xotg ds naga (pvaip , fi 
xov agioxigov oxiXovg xgiifng iSeaxgafipevwg yivsxai. 
Ta di naga qpvoiv notovfitva , x<*Xena. Trj ds agi~ 
axtg% , Ta ds£ia ov$iv inldr^Xov , diet xb firidsxigtog 
ioxveiv. — 33. Aia xl vymvbv xb trig xgocpr^g pip 

Digitized by GoOgle 



70 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

inooxiXXtodai , itov&iv dk nXtiaj; n H oxi tov voouv 
oXxiov nsQiTTWfjKXTog nXri&og; tovxo ds yivstai, % 
did igocpijg vnsg^oXrjv, ?J did novtov %vdnav, — 34. 
(Cf. 1, 53. 37, 3.) Aid ti ov del nvxvovv trjv adgxa 
ngbgvyuav, dXti dgaiovv ;"Jloneg yag noXig vyuivri 
xal xbnog evnvovg, (dib xal t\ &dXatta vytsivrj) ovxa 
xal aw (xa to ivnvow , [idXXov vyuivov* Au yag t) 
fxrj vnagxstv ftrjdiv nsgixxapa , f} xovxov agtdx^ota 
dnaXXaxxtofrai • xal dsl ovxag %x HV tdodpaxa, (Sots 
Xaftpdvovta, si&vg ixxgivsiv trjv nsgixxtooiv, xalelvai 
iv xivi}0U xal fit} ijgfftup. To fisv ydgptvov, otjneta$, 
iaonBg vdatg* to ds orjnofiEvov xal fxrj xivovfisvor, 
roaoTioiei' to d° ixxgivoftsvov, ngb tov diacpdagijvou 
Xagi&xai. Tovxo ovv nvxvovftsvijg [lev x7jg oagxbg, 
ov ylysxai ' (mantgsl ydg ifupgaxtovxai oi nogoi) 
uQaiov/xevrjg ds, ovfiftaivsi' dib xal ov dil ivtG)i\Xi(p 
yvpvov ($adi£uv • (ovvloiaxat, yag ?; odg$ , xal xo- 
pidjj anoaagxovtaiy xal vygoxsgov xb owpa ylvstat' 
to (isv yag ivxbg, diapivu ' to d* innxoXijg, dnaXXdt- 
tttai,&csntg\xaX\ xa xgia xd iq>&d x&v onxwv fidXXov ) 
ovdi td otrj&ri yvfivd £%ovxa §adl£tiv anb yag tiav 
agiaxa (axodofAfjfiivajv b ijXiog dcpctiQU, o ijxioxa del- 
tea dqtaigioetog, dXXa fidXXov td ivxog. 3 £xei&sv p&v 
ovv did to 7i6(jQ(o elvai, dv fir] fisxd novov , ovx taxiv 
Idgwxag ayayelv anb tovxov de^ did xb ngox*H>ov 
tlva* , gadiov. — 35. (cf. 12.) Aid ti xonddeig o\ 
figaxtigt&v mgntdxw /" II oxi noXXaxig ovvloxavtozt, 
xul ovx bpaXwg xivovvxai nsgl tag xapndg ; to ds 
toiovxo t xemwdeg. — 36. did ti hax^xoxtg iv t^ 
yXiM t udXXov -fregpaivovtai , tj xivovfitvor xal tovto 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO V. PROBL. 34— 3S. 71 

ir)g xwrjcmg &sgpavTix7}g ovorjg; *1I ol naoa xlvr\- 
aig -&eQfialvth &l£ ivla y>vx*i; oiov xal inl tc5v tag 
XviQotg Toig liprjfiivag (pvawvT(av xal xivovvtohv ovu- 
Paivsi. El ovv kat^xoTt flip ngooftiyei to &tgpbv, 
ngoo^iivov de paXXov deofiaivu rj xivovfisvov • («fi 
yag to ocjfia tdiov i)fi6)r UTplda tivol xXiaqiiv aqp/17- 
oiv aqp kaviov , i\ xttofiaim Toy iyyvg aiga , wansg 
daXbg nagwv) rjgsnovvTav piv ^utov , &tg(ibg yivztai, 

ntgiixtov *7jua<? arjg, dicnct ugypiva • xivovfiivav de, 
nvev+ia ylvnai, o xaxa^v^Ei ^tug. Ilavyag nvtvpa, 
\pvxgov ioxiv. — 37. (cf. 13.) AiaTi ol inl t&v Xnnw 
oxovpsvoi, boa av&aTxov -d-dy 6 Ynnog, tooovtu> paX* 
lotf daxgvovot to, Ofifiata • xal ol ne^ol, Sow av paX- 
kov TQixouoi; JIoTsgov diet to xpvxgov tlvat tov ngoa- 
nlnxovTa aiga ; to yag ipvxog daxgvsiv noiii* 
avotiXXov yag xal nvxvovv tt\v oagxa , ixxa&aigti 
ib vygov, *H dia TOvvavTiov ; to yag &sgnov x noiti 
idgcoTag' to ds daxgvov-, Idgoag tig ioti. dio xa* 
yivovxai vnb &SQiuaolixg afKfxa tuvto, xalaXvxa tour 
bpoioog. C H de xiyrjoig ^sgfioTrjxa noiu. "// diet Tr\v 
vnb tov aigog nXijytjv; d>g yag ol uyefiOiTagaTTovoiv 

01 0; ivavxlag tc\ op^aTa, ovtco xal b ar t g b ngooni- 
itT<aVy Soto av d-aTTov iXavvri i] q,VTog Tgixy, tooovtq 
ftoiXXov noitt nXrjyyjy fiaXaxrjv, di ijv yivsxai daxgvuv, 
agaiovfjiiv(oy tc3j/ tov bqpd-aXfiov nogwv vnb ttjg nXrj- 
yrjg. tiaoa yag nXr^yij diaigiTixov ioxiv y &XaoTi- 
xov. — 38. (cf. 1, 39.) Jia ti du Tovg pey&egivovs 
xonovg XovTgti iaodai, tovg de x^fisgivovg aXeifipaTt; 
"UrovTOvg fiiy, diet Tagyglxag xal jag yivoyivag fie- 
TafioXctg %wou del Xvuv, o notfaci aXtdbiv(rb 

Digitized by GoOgle 



72 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

de sXaiov •d'sgfiov) iv ds tw &igsi xad-vygaivnv • q 
<yag &ga £1700, xal ov yivovxai cpglxai did xr\v aXsav. 
^Xiyooixlot ds xal xw&owionog &igovg, xb fxiv, ok cog, 
to ds, paXXov. € fisv noxog, &igovg oXag , did xr\v 
SrjQOTTjTot • f\ ds oXiyooixia , xoivbv (abv, fidXXov ds 
•&igovg. 'Ex&sgfiaivtTai ydg fidXXov did ii\v agav 
vnbxinv oixicav. — 39. Aia xi ol diovng tvxovwg, 
pdXioxa Xafifidvovoi ondofiaxa, Stay xlg &iovaiv av- 
xotg vnooxg ;*II oxi xavxa fidXioxa diaondxai, a tig 
xovvavxlov xs xal ioxvgwg sXxexou xal xivtixai; 
"Oxav ovv &iovxog xal oyodgwg w&ovpivwv xav 
fiogiav tig xb ngoodsv vnoaxji xig , ovfiftaivst 
Sfia dvxianav tig xovvavxiov , sxi qpsgopivoav tig 
xovfingoa&tv ' iloxs r\ andaig xooovxa ioxvgoxs- 
ga yivsxai , oom av &i<oot ocpodgoxsgov. — 40. 
Aid xl xwv mgmdxwv ol xaxd xdg bdovg dxontoxegoi 
slow, ol dv(ay.aXoi xav si&iav;*/! did xb xtjv qpogdv 
og&rjv iivai xaxd cpvaiv navil tw awpaxi; ol #' iv 
xolg ofiaXolg , xwv avoojxdXcov xomadioxtgoi. ToXg 
ydg avxolg psgsoi xovg nbvovg nagixovaiv ol d' iv 
xolg avoitfidXoig, diapsgl£ovoi fidXXov [tig] anav to 
owfia, Al ds aXiai paXXov ioxvovoi x<ov iv xolg yjv— 
X*oi* Totg ydg i2?a> fxigsoi, nXdova xbv novov nagi- 
Xovxai. Jib xal xovg idgwxag i/moiovvxsg , laxvat- 
vovoiv ol d* iv xolg ipvxtai, oxupgoxsgav x\\v adgxa 
noiovai , xal xojv oixicav im&vpiixixmigovg* Totg 
ydg tow fisgtai fiiv avtyoiv xov S-egfiov noiovvxai* 
xal dvoxivqxcov yivofiivtov vnb xov vjvxovg, xbv ftiv 
caw xonov xa&algovoi, xqv dsgfxaalav av$ovxsg iv 
avTw • trjp $£ odgxa, oxtgtdv tioiovqiv, ov dvva/isvoi 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO V. PROBL. 38 — 42. 73 

xgatstv did ndorjg avtyg, 'Ofioiag ol dvdvtsig Twy 
xatdvtcov imnovatsgoi xal loxvavtixdtegoi. Ol psv 
ydg dvdvtsig, vt\v oo<pi>v pdXiata noiovoi novsiv.* ol 
ds xatdvtsig, tovg pygoig. Tdtg ydg (iygotg to pdgog 
nav ipnlntov , xonovg el'to&s nagixsiv, Zivu ydg 
nagd qpvoiv vnb tov &$gpov (Met ysgoptvog , ix&sg- 
palvsi. Aib tovg te Idgatag ipnoist • xal to nvsvpa 
psts(ogi£ovtig , loxvalvovoi , xal tvv ooqpvv bdvvow^ 
Tot ydg axiXrj xaXsnug dvayopsva, tr\v boyvv xdu- 
ntovol re xal avaon&oiv • vqp av dvayxd£ovtai no- 
vstv fidXiota. Ol d J iv dvtitvnoig nsgknatoh , tdtg 
te fival xal tdtg tstapivoig tZv oxsX&v nagsxovoi xo- 
novg. Hvvtaosig ydg ipnoiovot tdtg vsvgoig xal tdtg 
fivol , (jialag yevofisvrjg tr\g dnsgsioswg aytdig. Ol 
8 ivtdtg paXaxotg, tdtg ag&goigxomwdsiguai. Tav 
yaq ag&gav nvxvdg tig xdfiytig noiovoiv , ats tvdi- 
dovarjg tijg pdostag. To d 3 avto ioti ng6$Xi\\ka. 

— 41. (cf. 2, 38.) Aid ti ngbg td oifid xaXsn&g fia- 
diSoftsv ; 11 dibti ndoa nogsia i$ ago sag xal &ioso)c 
ovvtsXsttai; to psv ovv ctgai , nagd qtvoiv* to dk 
&s7vai, xatd yvow to ds ngoo&stvai , psootyg* iv 
ds t<w ngbg td oipd (ladi£siv , noXv to nagd qpvoiv. 

— 42. Aid tl ol dq> Irinwv \xtov nlntovoiv ; ™II 
dice to yofiuo&ai, yvXdrtovtai paXXov ; 

SECTIO VI. 

"Ooa ix rod n&q xeTo&ui xal ioxtjpaTCo&a* ovpflatvib. 

Aid ti i\ xa&sdga tovg psv naxvvst teov dv&ga- 

nav, tovg ds , laxvaivsi; Hotsgov [pti] al e&ig dict- 

yiqovoivj Ol pew ydg, dsgfiol sioiv ol ds, yyxgoi' 

Ol psv ovv &sguol, naxvvovtai* (xgatsi ydg tbowp* 

Digitized by GoOgle 



74 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

xijg rgocprjg, diet %r\v \}sgfiaotav) ol 8 3 iipvyfihoi, dta 
xb 8uo&ai insiadxxov -&sgfioxr t xog, xalxovxo ndoxsiv 
fidXioxa to o&fta vno xav xivrjosow • ot/[/ao] 8vvav- 
xac ninuv TjQefiovvrsg. * H on ol [asp nsgixxcafiaxixoi 
slot, xa\ diovzai xivrjoswg, rj avcdcaosi xavxa • ol 8s, 
ov; — 2. Aid xi dec noiiiv 8iaxaoiv TaJy ^sgrnv o 
tioih o yvpva£6[tsvog ;™H ou del tw olxslco nvsvftaxt 
xa&algso&aizovg nogovg; — 3. Atari avyxsxafi- 
liivov piXxiov xaxaxuo&ai, xalnoXXoi ys nagayyiX- 
Xovvi rovxo xal xav targtov ; n H ou dXsaivovoa t} 
xoiXia , &axxov7iixxsi>,' ovxco 8s xal aXsalvsi fiaXXov. 
v Eu del xdig nvsv/iaoi zonov didovcu, slg ov ansqi\- 
aovxai. Ovxoa ydg yxiaxa Xvwi\aovGiv al q>voai. 
Aid rovxo ydg xal l£iai xal xa aXXa anooxiifiaxa 
vyiHva , ou fyovoi xoiXlag tig ag dnoSsxovxai, zd 
nvsvfiaxa. £xxsxafisvov fihv ovv, ov ylvsxai xoiXia ' 
{anavxa yaq xbv xbnov xa onXdyxva xaxsxsi) ovy- 
xafiqt&ivxog 8s, ylvsxai. — 4. Aid xi avioxafiivoig 
XXiyyog fiaXXov ylvsxai ?j xad-i£dvovoiv ;*££ 8i6zt ygs- 
povoi, xb vygbv tig sv fiogtov d&goov dnoxXlvsi; 8ib 
xal xa oifia a>a ov Svvavxai Sivslo&ai, aXXa xaxani- 
tixh. Kivovfisvov 8s zb vygov, b/iolag s/si. Avi* 
oxavxai fisv ovv ijgsfirjoavxsg , bis ovxwg diaxuvrai* 
xa&i£dvovoi 8s iv xivr\asi ysvofievoi, oxe ofjtaXvtg Ijjfsi- 
to vygbv xal ioxsSaoxai. — 5. Aid xlinl zd &£*a 
xaxaxsifiivoig, fiaXXov insgxsxai vnvog ; Iloxsgov on. 
ivavxlcog fyovxeg iygrjyogaoi xal xa&sv8ovoiv; in si 
ovv iygyyogoxeg inl xa 'dgiaxsgd xaxdxsivxai ; tov- 
vavxiov eoTcti in aXXyg agxijg xal xr\g ivavxlag. M JEf 
0X1 vxivriolu o vnvog s Ta fisv ovv xwr\xixa l*iQr) 8*1 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO VI. PUOBL. 1 — 7. 75 

^gsfisiv • xd de de^id, xivt]xixu. Oiixto de xaxaxeipi- 
vtav , olov didexat dgxv xig ineyegxixq, — 6. Aid xl 
vagxtooi ; xal did xl xsiQag xal nodag pdXXov; *H oxi 
xaxdipv£lg ioxiv y vdgxtj; did oxigrjoiv ydg atfiaxog 
yivexai xal fisxdoxaoiv. Idoagxoxaxa de avxd xal 
revgtodtaxaia • fidXioia ds oi nodes, "flats ngoodo- 
noielxai vtio xyg cpvoeoog ngbg to xaxatpvxea&ai ta- 
xing. — 7. Aid xl xaxaxtlfie&a fiiv inl xd dgiaxtgd 
r)dmg, xa&evdofitv ds inl xd delta paXXov ; Jloxegov 
oxi dnooxgacpevxeg ngbg xbcpwQ, ov pXsnopev ; ivydg 
tw oxoxtt &axxov vnvog XapjSdvsi. "ll dioxi iygrjyo- 
gapev xaxaxtlfievoi inl xolg dgioxegoig , xal alxgy- 
osig 7][uv ovxa ngoxsigoi* wins ngbg xb ivavxlov 
0XW a n Q tQyovf HagaxaXsi de exaaxov ngbg xb egyov 
xb oxrjpct pdXXov. 

SECTIO VII. 
"Oaa ix ovfixu&itaq. 
Aid xl xotg xaopupevoig avxixaafiZvxab tag irn- 
xonoXv ; "// dioxi idv dvafiv^woiv t ogywvxsg ivtg- 
yovoi; fiaXioxa de xd evxivyxa* olov ovgovaiv r\ ds 
XaopT] , nvsvfta xal vy gov xiv7]olg ioxi* ngoxsigov 
ovvy idv (iovov vor]oji • eon ydg nXtjolov. — 2. Aid 
xl idv iasv xiva i'dioftev xt)v x*ty a ixxelvovxa, % xbv 
nod a, t) aXXo xi x&v xoiovxtov , ovx dvxmqiovfisv xo 
avxo' idv de xaofitopevov , dvxixaofiwfxe&a; ' H ovde 
xovxo dfi' aXtf idv ogy&v xvxjl J0 oupa , xal ovx(o 
biaxslfizvov , Saxs xb vygbv dva&sgpaiveo&ai,' *otc 
ydg t) fivr^xi] xt)v xIvt}giv noiu , aomg xal ngog 
dygodloia xal idwdrjv xbydg noi^aav fivr/fiTjv slvai, 
xb %xov 6qiir\v ngbg xb qpavxao&ev. — 3. Aia xi, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



76 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

insidav nobg xb nvg oxafisv , ovgr}xmpsv; xal ictv 




paxi vygoxrjxog , 
xb nvg diaxaXa xb nsntjybg iv tw ownaxi, (oomg o 
TjXiog xi\v /lova. — 4. ^/*« ** «7ro fiiv vooav ivlav 
voaovaiv oi nXrjaid^ovxsg, dub de iytlag oldslg vyid- 
£sTat,; n H bxi i) fih voaog, xivrjoig • rj ds vyiua, rige- 
pla; v\ fib ovv, xivsl' *; d\ ov&sv. "if dioxi xb [dv, 
Sxovxi' rod', Ixovxi ylvsxai ; xal aga to dxovoia, 
twi' kxovoiav, xal xcov & ngovolag diaysgu. 5. ^«x 
t/ twv piv did tr^g dxor)g Ivtitjqwv I'vta q?glxxsiv rjfiag 
noLst; olov ngivtv axovd[Aivog , xal xioorjgig xspvo- 
fiivrj, xal Xi&og dlovpevog* xa ds didxrjg oipsatg a?j- 
fxsta r-tv na&av, avxa y[uv xa nd&f] i^moul; ai- 
(juodiwiJisp xs ydg xovg o$v bgavxsg ia&iovxag • xa* 
xovg dnayxoftivovg moi, ogmvxsg , ixxjjvxovaiv . II 
dioxi epeovr) fiiv ndaa xal ipoyog , [IV] nvevpa taxi; 
xovxo ds ugdvofisvov i\fiv, nicpvxs xivsiv • xtvrjoti ds 
fidXXov, rj did fiiys&og , tj did nXvyyi\v ocpodgoxsgav, 
noiovv rj aXXoiovv xixwv iv fjfuv xa usv ovv psya- 
Xa xal Xtia nvsvfiaxa , xbv xr)g alo&r t as(ag xbnov au- 
zbv xivsl* (dib xal r)dvvsi xa xoiavxa) xa ds xgaxsu, 
noiovvxa 7tXtjyr)v ocpodgdv , oslsi xs xov xonov, xai 
noggm diadidcooi xrj xyg nXyyiiig dvvdfASi* diadidwoi 
ds xal xa yvxga noggut • dvvafiig ydg ioxiv i\ tyvxgo- 
ir\g. Avxi) fiiv ovv bxi opgixxeiv noiti, d'gTjxai. Ta 
de xgaxia, t<w nXriy\\v noiuv nvxvi\v t ngoaxoixxovxa 
T Xl dgxjj twv xgix&v, anoo&u avxrjv sig xovvavxlov' 
anta^ovfiivrig ds, avdyxt\ xi\v xogvq>7)v xr)g xqixW 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO VII. PROBL. 4-7. 77 

dvdnaXiv ylvto&ai * dib ov/uftalvti taxaa&ai avxdg • 
naval ydg vsyrvxaoi xdxta. *Hdiq>ogd xov diatrjg 
dxorjS nvevpaxog , tig xb aw/ia avoid" sv xdxoa ioxiv. 

"OvXOJV OVV IQOLX&toV t&V llgTjflSVOiV \p6(f)(av , 7] (pQLXI) 

yivoa av did xa ugrifiiva. Tlvovxai d* avxai paX- 
Xov to) aXXto owpaxi , rj iv ty xecpccXjj , did to tig cV- 
xav&a xgixag do&svtoxigag tlvai , xal xb nd&og 
ao&svig. Trjg per ovv axor\g ovorjg dfifiXvxbgag ai- 
o&r\<JEb)g i} trig otytoig , imnoXaia xal to nd&r} yivs- 
xm an aixrjg • r) ds <pgUr] , xoiovxov * dio xal dnb 
noXXwv xal dvofioitavyivixai. Trjg ds otpitog ivagys- 
axegag ovorjg alo&r\owg, dvdXoyov xal to, ovpfiaivov- 
ra yivsxai an avxyg ' \_dib xavxa psv xa, dnb xr\g 
vtXri&fiag nd&rj ovp/Saivsi ylvso&ai an avxr\g •] iXa- 
tpgoxsga ds xqg aXrj&dag. *Anb ds xr\g axoijg , avxa 
usv ov* zr\v ds an avxwv ngogdoxiav qpgiixofisv 
dXynvov ydg xaxov ngogdoxia iaxi. — 6. Aid xi 
Xaafirjaafiivoig dvxixaofitovxai 9 xal oxav ovgovvxa 
i'daoiv, oigovaiy xal pdXiaxa xa vno£vyia,- *H did 
xr\v (iviifiyv ; oxav ydgfivrjoSji, xivtXxaixovxoxb jue- 
gog. Toig fxiv ovv dv&ganoig, did xb svaio&rjxoxi- 
gotg ilvai, idovoiv sv&vg ovfipalvsi xal xivslo&ai xal 
uvajiifivrioxso&ai' xolg dsvno£vyioig , olx avxagxsg 
to idsiv, dXXa ngogdiovxaixal aXXr\g alo&rias(og' dib 
xal oaygavdivxa • oxi tvxivrjxoxsga avxi) r\ al'a&i)- 
aig xolg av iv Xoyov xal did xovxo fig xbv avxovxonov 
an ay i a ovgsi, ov av xb ngiaxov ovgrioy. Tots yag 
(idXioxaxivovvxai, oxav boopgavdwoiv ooygctivovxai 
d\ oxavnXi)<jido(ooi. — 7. Aid xi innddvxs[iv6ji$v6v 
xiva I'dwpsv, y xaioptvov, % oxgefiXovpevov , y aXXo 

Digitized by GoOgle 



78 ARIST. PROBLEMATA; 

t* tc5v dsiviov ndoxovxa, avvaXyovfisv xjj diavoia;*!! 
on tj (pvoig fjplv xoivr\ dnaoi ; 2vyr\Xyriasv ovv, in sir- 
dar xi xoiovxov i'dy, tw ndoxovxi, did xt]v otxsioxr\xa. 
"// oxi aonsg at glvsg xal ai dxoal Xafifidvovai xivag 
anoggoiag xaxd tag olxsiag dwdfistg , ovtoj xal i) 
oipig avxb ndo/ei, xal dno twV tjdswv xal Xvnfjgwv; 
— 8. Aid xi dno qp&iostog xal bqpO aXftlag xal iptagag 
oi nXr\oid£ovxsgr aXlaxovxai' ano ds vdgcanog xal 
nvgsxwv xal dnonXrjJ-iag , ovx dXioxovxat , ovds twj> 
aXXtov ; *H % psv by&aXfiia , on suxivr^xoxaxov 6 
oq)&aX(iog , xal fidXiaxa ofioiovxai tw ogcopiva xtov 
dXXtav , oiov xivstxai dno xtvovfispov • (oaxe xal dvxt- 
ftXsnwv xsxagaypsvw, xagdxxsxai (idXictxay fj ds <p&l- 
oig , oxi nvsvfia qpavXov noisi xal ftagv. Taxioxa 
ds xd vootj [tax a xavxa anxsxai ndvxcav, oca xovxov 
(pdsigopsvov yivsxai, oiov xd XoifModrj.^ ds nXrjoid- 
fwv, xoiovxov dvanvsi* Noaei fisv ovv, on voowdsg' 
ano fiovov ds, oxi ixnvsi, voau • oi ds aXXov, sxsgav, 
TtjV avxi)v ds vooov, oxi a> dv dodsvTJotj, xovxco dva- 
nvst xoiovxov , oiov si nsnovdwg rjv. 'H ds iptoga 
fiovov xwv aXXwv, oiov Xsngag xal xtav xoiovcav , on, 
imnoXyg xal yXiaxgov xb dnoggsov. Ta ydg xvrj- 
Cfioadij xoiavxa. Aib aixd tw inmoXtjg yivso&ai xal 
yXiaxgov slvai, anxsxai. Ttov d* aXXtav, xd psv ovx 
anxsxai, did x6 imnoXrig ybta&af rd ds ovxa iizi~ 
noXr t g t oxingogfisvEi did Zrjgoxjjxa. — 9. (cf. 1, 37.) 
dia xi %r\v aifiwdlav navsi r\ dvdgdxvt] xal dXsg;*!! 
oxi 7] (isv, vygoxTjxd xtva t#«; <pavsgd ds avxij /uaa- 
otofiiivrjg Te , X fi(V ovvxe&ji xgovov xivd • sXxsxai ydg $ 
^ygoxfjg. To dsyXlaxgov slgdvouevov, i$dyu xo o^, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO VII. PROBL. 7 — 10. 79 

Kofi yaq oil ovyysvijg v\ o$vxr\g orjfiaiysi. *Exu ydg 
ttva otviriTa 6 x v ^og. c de uXg , avvx^xtav , iltiyn 
xi\v h\ixr\xa. — 10. did xi \ovv\ f) xov la xal to W- 
xqov oil; "il ou ojvyu, xal ov xijxu; (cf. 1, 38.) 
SECTIO VIII. 
"Oau ix gCyovq xal (pgtxtjg. 
Aid xl ol giywvxeg mXidvol yivovxat ; *H dioxi xb 
alfia nyyvvxai diet xb ipfyog • nv\yvvptvov b*e , ptXai- 

VSXUt, did X7]V unOVOloLV XOV •d-BQfiOV ,' xb ds Xtvxbv, 

xov nvgig. dib xotl xotg ngtofivxigoig fiaXioxa ns- 

Xidvovxai 7} oag$, oxt iXaxioxrjv l^ft &sgfioxr}xa. 

— 2. (Cf. 22.) did xi ol Qiytovxsg xa&evdtir ov dvvav- 

xai ; ['&"] dioxi ndvxtg ol giywvxsg (idXXov xb nvsvfia 

xaxexovoiv ; o 8b xa&tvdtov, ixnvei pdXXov i) elgnvii * 

tooxs xaXsnbv Qiywvxa xa&svdsiv. "Apa ydg noiuv 

xdvavxia, ddvvaxov. — 3. didxiivxwifJvxsibSvxSQOi 

xal ol cio&wqaai'xsg> xal ol Xvitovptvoi , xal ol ogyi- 

£6{usvoi; *H oxMpQOXsgov noiu xo xaxaiffvxw&at, 

— 4. did xi ol a-d-Xyxal dvggiyoi, iv sxovxsg ; "lloxi 

xa&agct xal svnvovg n i'$ig xal dnipiXog ; rj xoiavxrj 

b*i ana-&ioxaxr\ vnb xov digog , bxav svdlodog xs j], 

xal/uij eytj -&sgfi6xrjxa iv avxjj' f\ ds mpsXi), -&Bgfibv f 

av pi] divygog. — 5. dia xi fidXioxa xd dxgaxqgia 

(Jiycooiv y '7/ dia oxevoxrjxa ; xal ol ncgoi avxdlg 

ox s vol ovxig, oXiyaifiol slow , taoxs xal oXiyo&sgpoi 

tioi; to ydg alfia &tgp6v. — 6. did xi, idv fitxiwgot 

(x)oiv ol nodsg , fiaXXov Qiyovoi; JJoxigoy vnonvii 

fiaXXov s *# on iv iXdxxovt yivttai xb alfia xdxto- 

vote to aXXo tvyvxxoxsgoy, ixXtinovxog xov <&sgpov; 

— 7. <dia xi ol naxiig oqtodga fyyovoi, xrigmoxnxos 

I 



80 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

digpi^g ovotiq; *Hdia to fiiys&og tov naxovg, tov 
(iivea(a&9V &eg(iov, noggw yivstai ta Io#«t«' tov 
di ejw yjvxgov , iyyvg; — 8.^«w ntagivtsg xal 
ovgt}oavteg qpgittovoiv ; *H oti xevovvtai otl (fiefisg 
iv aficpotigoig ; xsvto&ivttov di, 6 dt)g sioigx^tai yv- 
Xgog, noiav yglttstv. — — 9. Aid ti fidXtata fiovli- 
(uaioiv inl to) yjvxsi , xal tov xup&yog fidXXov rj tov 
&igovg; n II dioti [^] per (iovXipia yivsiai di tvdtiav 
tr t g tygag tgoq>ijg f ' iv di [ta yjvxsi xat] ta ^uwy* 
avotsXXoftivov tov ivtbg &Bgfiov elg iXdttoi, tovto 
S-dttov vnoXrinu fj ivtbg tgooprf. Tovtov di yivo- 
(iivov, fidXXov ftovXifiiav tlxog, C H 6' iv tr} (tovXipio} 
txXvoig xal ddvvafila yivstai, avvtrj^ecag ywop&vrig 
iv tta am pat i did tr\v tov dsgfiov a&QOioiv • t\g 
Qvsiorjg tig tov tiv oit'mv tonov ,ai)ti) tgoqpriylvstait^ 
aiifiati. *Eav di inl tag agxag trjg dvanvotjg &##, 
aqpoavia xal ddvvapia ovpfiaivei * aqxavta fiiv, dia 
to ifjupgattsod-at tov tov nvivfjtatog nogov * otdv- 
vafiia 8k, dia tr\v tov awfiatog dtgoqtlav xal avvttfiiv. 
Taxsiai di xal an bXlycov ai fiori&siai ylvovtat toUg 
toiovtoig , dia to ti\v dgxqy *ov nd&ovg tSaj&ev yi- 
veo&ai. 2vatiXXov yag ivtbg to yvxgbv to &sg(iov 
7jfj,6Jv t no lu trjv povXiplav. Ka&dn$g ovv iv t§ 
q>6($w tgifjiovtsg xal wxgiwvtsg , ucps&ivttg tov xw- 
dvvov, nagaxgrifJia ol avtol ylvovtai • ovtco xal ol /ffov- 
Xifiitovtsg, fiixga ngooevsyxapsvoiiS agtov, ftiqcxivrj- 
•d-ivttg ix t7jg qpvatwg , fit} qj&agivteg di* taxua fi 
anoxa&agaig ylvstai. Taitb yag dvtitsiyi ts %rp 
xata cpvoiv dywyrjv , xal xa&iotr\otv dg tijv opvatv. 
^<pitvai ovv fiovov avttjv del, xal xa&dneg twv not*- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO Vni. PROBL. 7 — 14. 81 

dlcov ti avtiteivovta eig rovnio&sv ret onagtia. Kal 

yig tavta aqpe&ivtfov xStv anagtinv, ev&vg nenttixa- 

atv vmia. — 10. Aid tiol yeyvpvaojiivoi, dvggtyto- 

tsgovtav dyvpvdot&v ; Jlongov ott to mov vnbrwv 

novtov iSfiQtjTou; xovto ds dXeav nagixei, Oegpbv 

ydg to Xmagov. 'Hoti evnvovotega tot odfiata xal 

dgaiotega, did to to mov xal tbneglttutfia ifygijo&ai' 

mote ovdsv dnooteyeiv to ipvxog; ' II did tr\v tStv nogtav 

anootofjuaoiv, toig Idgmotv olov noXXal&vgat iSrjgijv- 

tai; &avegbv de , ott ovx V oiv^tj e£ig ngbg vyeiav 

xal loxvv ovficpsgn • r\ fjtev [ydg,~\ nitav • ^ de, agate* 

tpaivetai ova a, — 11. Aid ti cpglttovot xal tw &egfx^ 

xal tw yvxgtp ngogxeofjtsvot; [atonov ydg ta ivaytia, 

tov avtov elvat al'tia •] *H dioti [vnb fievtovtpvxgov 

ngoaxsofjiivov ,] to ivtbg degpov o^evvvfjtsvov , tyv 

qpgixijv noteX ; vnb de tov &egpov to ixtbg ipvxgbv 

avtmeguotdfjievov eigev , xal d&goi£d(ievov tfl qpvyr, 

tarn; wotevnb tov avtov apopto yivetav aX£ ore fib, 

vnb tov caw • ote di, vnb tov efa&ev. — 12. Aid ti 

qpglrtovoiv al tglxeg iv tw digfiati ; "H otav ovond- 

awai to digfia, eixotag i$aveot7joav ; ovonwoi de xal 

vnb glyovg xal vnb aXXtov na&aiv. — 13. Aid tliv 

xjj TtXtvrala ngoeou tov ovgov qpgittofiev ; "H ott 

ivovtog fiev tov vygov -frsQpov , nXygeig ijts xvottg 

xal oi negl aitrjv ttoqol; i$eX&6vtog de, digog yv- 

XQOV ivenXrjoev ovdev ydg xevbv del elvai, aXX r\ ai- 

gog, % otapatog nXrjgtg. *Ate ovv eiotXriXv&otoi ipv* 

XQOV oiigog ,'elxotag (pQtttstv ov^aivei. — 14. At<* 

%i %&v $tydvt(ov tj yXwooa, xa&dneg tup pe&vovtwv, 

nraUt, ; Hotegov, vnb tov vjvxovg nr\yvvyhr\ xctl 

Arist. Probl. . F 

- Digitized by GoOgle 



82 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

axlrigvvofiivrjt dvoxlvrjtog ylvstai; tovtov ds avfipal- 
vovtog, ov dvvatai oay'rjvl&iv. n fHtmv ixtbg y>i#o- 
fiivav, dtd to ipv/og ei'ato qvggviv, to vygbv i$vygal- 
vu tr\v yXuttav; .dionsg ov dvvatai fjyXwtta to «£- 
trjg noiuv , xa&dneg eYgytai xal inl tap (is&vovtuv. 
"Hdia tbv onto tov Qlyovg tgo/iov ataxtov ti\g xivi\~ 
ostog ovayg, ov dvvatai tot Xsyifisva diag&govv vj 
yXwtta' dionsg xalntalu ; — 15. Aidtl twv gtyoav- 
twi> og&al al iv tw ocopati tgfyeg yivovtai ; n J£ dioti 
anb trjg xataipvUcog to &tgiiov slg tbv ivtog tbnov 
a&gol&tai ; ixXelnovtog d' ix tijg oagxbg tov &eg- 
fiov , ovvlotatai fiaXXov ovvayofiivrjg de, 6g&oUgat 
al tglxeg yivovtai, *H dioti ** — 16. Aiatltov #si- 
(iwvog tg&xovtsg paXXov giycofxev , i] kotutisg ; "lioti 
6 uyg 6 negl to ocofia, eatwioov /lisp, intidav anal, 
ovv&Egpav&fi, ovx eti ivo%Xu ' tgsxovtwv de, asl aA- 
Xog xal aXXog ngoonlntu \pvxgbg £v • dionsg fiuXXov 
giycjfzev ; "Exi de[xai\xivovfievog, Vjvxgbtigog ylvetai 
o ayg. Tovto di iv t$ tgix^v fidXiota ov [mint si. 
— 17. (cf. 25, 5.) dia ti vnemcpavoxovtog fiaXXov 
yvxog, iyyvtegoa tov rjXiov ovtog/ y H on nXeiav xgo- 
vog tiqg tov r)Xiov dnovoiag • wots fiaXXov uneifrvxTcit 
V 7*1} V oti ngbg fjpigav r) dgooog nlntu, oianzq 
naxvr\* tdvra de ipvxgd; fj xal tavta nlntu, dwt to 
xgateto&ai to avaysgbfjievov &eg[iov; xgateltai <Je 
dia tr)v tov t\XIov dnovalav * dib xal nXetov fib a7i£- 
Xovtog, ov nlntu • iyyvtiga di ovtog, nlntu xal 7rij- 
yvvtai* dioti fiaXXov dniipvxtai b tonog, nXtlto xqo- 
vov tov rjXiov dnovtog. n JI oti ngbg ypigav fiaXXov 
T « ix vvxtav nvsvfiara tr)g tf>v*uog ; ^ rjfuv doxei 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO VIII. PROBL. 14 — 20. $3 

ftaXlov stvai yjvxog, diaTo neniq&cu xaaixia ; xtvw- 
Tsgoi ds ovxsg , dvggiyansgoi. JZrjpuov ds , to fiSTu 
Tovg ifisxovg paXioxa Qiyovv. — 18. Aiot xinovovoiv, 
oxav Qiywvxag ngbg xb nvg (pigwoiv oxnv ds xaxu 
fiixgov xliaivaow , ov;*lloxi oXwg ix xmv havxiwv 
xovvarxlov yivofisvov fisyaXrjv noiit xt}v ntxafioXyv ; 
wan eg inl xuv divdgmv , si (xsv xara fiixooy xaymxoi 
tig, ovx av novdl' si ds ocpodgoxsgoy xal ( u>/ xaxu 
fiixgov, xXtovxai, Ei ovv to bfioiovvnb tov hfioiov 
ana&sg , to ds &sg[ibv tov giy&vTog slaw ovrloTaiat 
xal GVvsgxsToti , to ds vygov xaTaXtinsTai xal to ipv~ 
%gov , to ds svavTtov xqv tvavxiov q>&agxixov toois 
iav psv xXiaivy , xaTct pixgov itigxsxai to dsgpbv, 
xal i\TT0V novsi • iavds fiij avce%Xiuvy, irgoadyst [iaX- 
Xov. — 19. (cf. 37, 4.) Ait*. tI yjvz&svitg , paXXov 
ano xyg [avnjs] d-fgpaolag xaopsdu xal uXydvpsv ; 
JIoTsgov diet nvxvoTTjTa OTsysi i] c«o| to ngogninTov 
■frsgiiov; dib fioXifidog igiov &sgfioTsgog m *H (tiaiog 
yivsrai tov -frsgnov i) dlodog, dice to nsnr\yivui vnb 
tov ipvxovg xovg nogovc — 20. Aia xi ogyiZopsvot, 
ov giyovaiv ; *II 6xt i] ogyrj jfj d edict ivavxiov, xal o 
S-vfiog ; "Eaxi dsfj (isv ogyrj, a no tov nvgbg. IIoXv 
yag [to] nvg xaxfyovTsg sl'oa, xXiabonai. MaXioxot 
d iaxlv inlxwv naidmv xaTafia&slv, Oi psv y**Q 
avdgsg , QXanxovxai • to, ds naidia , ngwxov pir to 
nvsvpa noXv avaXa[i($avovaiv, stta igv&giwai' noXv 
yag si'aco ov xb &sgubv xal H-vygalvov , igv&ginv 
noisl' in si si Tig avxolg noXv tov ipvxgov ngogxhh- 
navooivxo av 6gyi£6(isvoi. KaxaGpso&sirj yag av 
avxiov to &SQUOV. 01 ds dsiXol xal yofiovpsvoh tov~ 

F2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



81 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

vuvxiov. 'Piyovoi xt ydg , xal ipvxgol xal d>xgol yi- 
vovxau ^ExXs'mu ydg xb -fregfibv avxolg ix tw* im- 
noXijg xomov. — 21. Aid xi, oxav <pgi$wfiev, at xgi- 
%eg bg&al Xoxavxai; *H did xb iv vygia neyvxivai 
xaxaxexXtio&ai ; xgaxel ydg xov vygov xb (id&og trig 
iqiXog. e H ds (pgixfj yivexai vnb xov vjvxgov • to de 
yv'xog xaxd cpvoiv nrjyvvoi xb &egfiov. Oxav ovv 
(tetaftaXXy xb vygbv , # ov mqpvxaoiv at xgix^g, xa* 
nay 11, psxafidXXtiv slxbg xag xgixag. Eig fih ovv 
xovvavxiov u fisxafiaXXovoiv , ij ev xavxw fievovoiv, 
i] imxgaxrjoei ndliv fj &qI£ xov vygov. Ovx eixbg 
de nenrjyoxog xal ntnvxvcofitvov xov vygov, xijvxglxa 
iw fidget xgaxtXv. EX de firjdafiooe xexXia&ai dvvatto 
xijPxgixttt tw vygia nem\yivai, Xdnsxai koxdvai bg- 
&rtv. ,% H dioxi vnb xrjg xaxayvUwg xb &egiibv , tig 
toy ivxbg xonov d&goi&xai; ixXdnovxog ds ix xrig 
oagxbg xov -fregpov, ovvioxaxai paXXov v odg$. 2w- 
ayofiivrjg de , ogdoxfgai alxgixtg yivovxai, xa&dntg 
idv xig elg xijv yijv ifAnifiag xdgqpog rj aXXo xi , ovv- 
xdxxji , xal ndvxo&tv ovvdyrj xtjv yi\v , (idXXov eg- 
#ot/iat, *} idv ia ^r\ ovveoTTjxviav. — 22. (cf. sap. 2.) 
Aid xi ol giyovvitg fidXioxa ovxa&evdovoiv / H dioxi 
o gtywv [idXXov xaxixsi xb nvsvfia i] ixnvel • o de xa- 
■Stidtav, ixnvu puXXov % elgnvei ;'Evavxl<ag ovv noiu 
exuv xb qiyog TfjJ xa&tvdsiv. 

S E C T I O IX. 

v Oaa x€Ql vnmma xal ouXcts xal ftoiXomaq. 

Aid xi xoiig [AwXoonag xmXvh xd vtodagxa dig- 

liaxct ngooxt&iusva , xal pdXioxa xgiuv , xal wi ini,- 

xatayvvfieva y V/ot* ctficpw xwXvtt xr t v S&goiotv xov 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO IX. PROBL. i — 4. 85 

vygov, xal Tr\v snagoiv ; to yag dq^rjXxojfiivov tXxsi, 
xtxl inaigsTai 8ut lijv&sgfiaoiav z« ts <5^wa, did tt\v 
yXioXQovrita xaiaxoXXwvTa, xiaXvti inatgso&ai, xa- 
ddnsg xal t« xavfjiaTa* &onsg xal r\ xbXXa vol tu 
dsgpaTa, rji ts yXioxgoTiju ngogxoXXdiat , xal dfia 
tfi deQfiOTTjTi ovfinixTSi, xal navsi xr\v qpXsyfiaoiav. 
Ovds yag ayaigovaiv Tjfisgtav tivwv. 3 l£dysiv ds ftov- 
Xovtou ir\v qpXsyfiaoiav xal oi tw aXl xal tw oUt 
TglflovTsg. — 2. (cf. iDf. 7.) dia %i iv psv rot aXXoj 
awfian ai ovXal fiiXaivai, iv ds tw 6q>&aXfi(p Xsv- 
9cai; n Honivavtiavxg6avrj ovXrj Xafi^avsh jjjj ngoxt- 
gov, won eg nav to vsvoorjxog ; *Ev tm fiiXavt, ds Tolg 
6q>-^aXfioTg t« sXxrj' ov fiijv ovds iv oojpctTi fiiXaivai 
[tv&vg, aXfi i$ dgx^g Xsvxal , ovds iv tw 6(f&aXfii7t 
a si psXaivai,~\ aXX' anoxa&ioTavxai t$ ^omw, r\ 
dnXag jq paXXov. — 3. Aid tL 6 vag&ri$ tu xvxXta 
Trfi nX7iyr t g noisi igv&gd, to dsfisoov, Xsvxov; Hots- 
gov ot* anon is£si xbalfiaix Tovpsoov, xa&o fidXioxa 
ngoonintu nsgiaisgrig wv; f) sdsi inavdvai did ye 
TOVTonaXiv aX£ atpaTog owdgopriTo igvd-rjfjid iorr 
avvdgofiri d\ tig top nXrjyivTa Tonov. — 4*AiaTiT<a 
fiiv vdgdqxi ocpodga Tymopsvov, to pioov Tijg oag~ 
nog Xsvxov ylvsxai, to xvxXto ds igv&gov £vX($ ds, 
igv&goxsgov to fiiaov; *)FI oti o psv vdg&rj^, did xov- 
q>OTfiTa, idv o<podga naia^y, to ininoXrjs disaxidaosv 
alpa • ware o&sv psv itsXtns, Xsvxov yaivtTai ; ov dk 
nXiov rjX&svJgv&goTsgov. OldrjadoTjg dsTtjg nXrjyyg, 
ov Taxing anoxa&loTaTai to oxsdao&sv aifia, dia 
to bXiyov ts slvai, xal Trp (pogdv sigTongooavTsg sl- 
vai. mi&u yag piao&&>, dil T^vnagd tpvoiv tpogdv 

Digitized by GoOgle 



86 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

ivsx&ijvai. /Sia dextav oxXrjg&v, al nXyyal, diet ftdgog 
xal tTjvioxvv, &Xltpiv xal &Xdoiv noioiioi, OXiftofievov 
l*iv ovv, xolXov ylvExai* dXwfievov"de f dgaiov. To- 
f.i7] ydg xal dialgeoig ioxi fiaXaxy t\ dXaoig. KolXov 
ds xal dgaiov yevofiivov xov fiiuov , cpsgeiat, fig au- 
70 ix xtav n&Qil ininoX^g aifia. lidita xs ydg nicpvxs 
cpigto&ai, xal eig xd agona tw bYxsiv avid. A&goi£o- 
ixivov d* ivxav&a uxoxwg xov a'ifxaxog , xovxo [iiv 
igv&gahu • a ds anoXdnn, Xtvxaivsi. 5. dia fl al 
ovXal fiiXaivai xwv onXrjvKavxojv ,• *H oxi alfia dis- 
(p&agu.ivov exovoi , diet xt\v ex xov onXijvog avup&v 
voatndovg aXfiaxog xal vdagovg ; ij /iiv ovv ovXr\ t xb 
digpa Xsnxbv xalininoXaiovioxsr xb dialfta, diaxo 
vdagsg xal dsgfibv nvai fiiXav ov t xoiavxr t v noist xv\v 
oiXijv yawopEvov xal dij nXsovdxig fj ovXrj iv xovxto 
yivsxai fiiXavxiga. rlvtxaidsdidxavxo. Ji aodivsiav 
yag xov ddgftaiog, xaxatyvxzxai xo alfict t xal iSaxpl- 
£ovxogrxov &egj.iov, yivtiai (isXavrsgov bpoiwg ds xal 
xolg ngso/Svxaig, oY xsxgwisg (iEXavxsgoi yivovxai, xal 
al ovXal al ovyysvfig fisXavxegai, i] vioig • oiov vnto- 
iiiov ydg avxotg dnav xo oafta ov didXtnxoirjxa xov 
digpatog, uXX* bxixb &egfibv ixXiXointv. — 6. Ho- 
xsgov boa xov avxov al'xia , xr\v avxr t v exst, dvvafiiv 
iig xb noiuv, rj ov; Xiyta ds, olov insl xd vnwma 
xal b xaXxbg iSaiget, xal r\ gatpavlg , xal b xvapos 
diafiaaooSpsvog, xal b nvsvpcov , xal ij agyiXog, xal 
trsg* orrtof, xjj avxjj dvvdfisi. "H b fih xaXxbg, tw «!• 
rai xov lov awtg^axadrj ' b 6e xvafiog xal b nvevfiwv 
*a* 7j agyiXog, tw imonav itp eavxd diet [tavoxqxu • 
<*XXu ds, di fregag ahiag; *££xb ph ioxotxov, inl nav- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECT10 IX. PROBL. 5 — 9. 87 

Ttov Twy xoiovxwv xaiixo ; IloXXd yaq xal ivavxia tov- 
toi$, xa&dnsg xal xb &eqp6v xal xo yjvxqov. Ta ds 
7tQ0 xovxav, ovdh xtoXvsi sxsqa. — 7. (cf. 2.) Aw xi 
^al fih SlXai ovXal, fisXaivai- yivovxai* at ds iv tw 
dq>daXfiw,Xtvxal;ydi6TifieTaflaklovoivivtoap(tioi7rQbg 
tag XQouxg; iv ds iw 6q)&aX[i<p [tiXavi bvxi yivovxai * 
waxs dvdyxrj Xsvxdg yiyso&ai. — 8. Aid xi aXysivo- 
tsqa iy nXriyt) xov vdq&Tjxog , fj b'uav axXrjqoxsqwv, 
idv rig xaxd Xdyov axony xvtxxojv; EvXoywxtqov yaq 
xtjv xov oxXrjqoxiqov slvai dXyuvoxsqav fidXXov yaq 
xvnxsi. Hon ij ouq$ dXysl,ov ftovoKTvntoftipt], dX~ 
Xd xal xvnxovoa; vtio fiiv ovv xwv oxXrjqwv TVTtxsxai 
uovov (vnuxsi yaq did xi\v oxXiigoxrjxa aiixow) vtio 
ds xov vdq&yxog , apcpo) avxfj ovfApaivtt, xxmxta&ai 
re, xal did xov<poxr]xa xov fidqovg xvnxsiv \iv\ el'xov- 
aav bjaxs dmXaala yivixav r\ nXfiyjj. — 9. Aid xi »j 
-frayla xal 6 xva&og xd vnwma navti • rj fth , dqxo- 
ueva' 6 ds, vaxsqov ivavxia ovxa; 6 ptvfydq] xva- 
&og, ipvxqog • waxs xal 6 noirpLT\g cpi\ai t 
yJvxqbv 3' tXs xalxov bdovoiv 
rj ds &aipia, &sqpbv xal xavoxixov. *II o fisv xva&og, 
cjojisq xdig [iixqoipvxovai xb vdaq; 'Anarxojoa yaq ij 
yv$ig , xwXvsi d$ievai xb -dsqubv 4x xov afyaxog s% 
ETinioXijg, did xiiv nXriyr\v avvdqajibvxog , xal bxav 
iUl&j} xb &sq[ibv, nriyvv^ivov^Jlonsq yaq dv si l'4'w, 
ov mjywxai , xal iyyvg xov eifw xb aHfitx, oiav ji vtio 
xb dtqfta, xtaXvdsvxog die£isvaixov &eq{tov , did xijv 
ipvxgoxqxa xov xaXxov mjyvvxai, dXXd ndXiv dtax&i- 
xai xal inavsqxnai b&sv ovvidqafisv, Q II ds &aipia, 
&eq(iy ovaa, xb avxb noisi. KaXvsi ydq nrjyvva&ai, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



88 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

^sgfirf- ovoa. — 10. Aid ti td indmot diaXvstai 
ngoaixovoi tci #aixor, oiov xvd&oyg, xaltd touxvtocj 
™H dioti UtVYoov 6 yaXxoQ iotij xwXi/et ovvtbdsguov 
istevai ex toy avptovtog aifiatog vno trjg nArjyrjg • ov 
i&X&ovtog ix toy inmoXrig yivetai vnwmov* A ho 
xal xax v ^ £ * ngooTi&ivou, nglv nayrivai, Kofi 7} #a- 
yjicc dt ftetd peXttog §or]du , did to avto, Osqjut) 
yag ovaa, xcaXvei ipvxso&cu to otlfia. — If. Aid ti 
note otav iv tgi ainco tonco nXeovaxig i'Xxog ykvr\tai y 
i] ovXrj peXaiva yivetai; ™H bnbxav yivr\tai eXxog, 
ndv do&evig iati tovjo m xal owp av nXeovaxig, to- 
covTco fiaXXov to ds ao&evsg, xateipvyfjisvov xal 
vygotrjtog nXyotg; dib xal fiiXav (faivetai, el Ta /kc- 
yaXa I'Xxtj xal noXvxgovia fxsXaivag tag ovXdg lo^ei. 
To ds noXXaxig XafieXv e'Xxog, oidev aX£ i) noXvvxgo- 
vov %xeiv eotlv eXxog, — 12. Aid ti note ngbg ta 
inmtiatovg xvd&ovg ngoati0efie&a ,• "jHdioti otav 
nXrjywfiev, b tonog xatayrvxetai , to ds &egpbv vno~ 
Xtaget. Ugooti&ifiEvog ovv o xva&og , ipvxgov ovtog 
tov x a ^* ov > diaxcoXvei to &egpbv ixnogeyeo&ai. 
— 13. (Cf. 10, 29. 31.) Aid ti 4v ta"og ovXdlg ov yi- 
vovtai tgix*g > *H bti ol nogoi initvcpXovvtai el c5v 
at tgixeg, xal nagaXXdttovoi / — 14. Aid ti oi'drifia 
xal TteXuopata Xafi^dvoyaiv ai nXTjyai; H dioti xata 
tovtov tbv tonov diaataXsvtatd vygd, eig tolg nXrj- 
aiov tonovg ngooxotpavta dnonaXXetai ndXiv, xal 
tjj xoXXijoei iygbv avvrjyayev ,- edv ds xal (pXtfiianvd 
gayji, vcpaipog i) ovrdgofir) ybvetau 



d by Google 



SECT10 X. PROBL. 1 — 4. 89 

SECT 10 X. 

'Entropy (pvoixuiv. 
Aid xi xa fxiv ^rjxxtt, xd d' oil s Olov ay&gcano^ 
fi€V/5^TT€t, ($ovg di, oil; Iloxegov tw ug aXXo xi xgi- 
mo&ai Totq nXeiaxoig {aoig x6 negiixwpa , dv&guno) 
de devgo ; "H on iyxicpaXov nXeiaxov xal vygoxaxov 
BX*i> o af&gomog s y de (lri$ xaxagQiovxogyivexaiyXiy- 
paxog; — 2. Aid xi dv&gconcp fxovro xav foiwv alfia 
$b% ix x<av fjivxTTjQcov /" *H oxi iyxicpaXov %xu nXiiaxov 
xal vygoxaxov acp ov ui qtXifeg TzXrjgovpevai, xov 
negixxtofiaxog , diaxwv itogmv ngo'levxat xtjv Qvoiv ; 
Aeitxoxegov ydg yivexai xov aXpaxog xov xa&agov xo 
voosgov. Tovxo di ioxi, xo pix&ev xolg xov iyxeyd- 
Xovnegixxtopaoi , xaleaxixad-dneglxwg. — 3- Aid 
xi xav £ghov xa [iev, vno odgxa , [xd de, xaxh adgxa,] 
niovd ioxf xa de, xax dpepoxega ;" H bo(ov fisv nvxvrj 
i\ adg£ vno digpa, [itxa£v xov degpaxog xalxyg aag- 
xog ovaxiXXexai r k ixpag , did xo xavxy elvaixb dig pa 
cupsoxwg <pvotf ij nsxxofiivrj, yivexaimutXrj. "Oarc 
de dgaioxigav %x H *V V odgxa, xalxo dtgpa ngoeomg, 
xaxd odgxa nlova yhexat. Ta de dficpoxegag tyovxa, 
in dfupoiEQa maivexai. — 4. Aid xi oi natdeg xal 
at yvvalxeg rjxxov i'xovoi Xtvxr\v xav avdgatv • xal 
t<5v [lev yvvaixmv al ngsofivxideg pdXXov ; *JI oxi q 
Xsvxtj ioxl nvevpaxog etodog; taxi de xa pkv xtav nai- 
dav ovx svnvoa awfiaxa , dXXd nvxvd ' xal xa xwv 
yvvaixw yxxov, rj xa twv dvdgwv , oxi xavxaig eig xa 
xaxapyvia xginexai. ArjXdl de r\ Xeioirjg xtjv jzvxvo- 
*7)xa xyg oagxog. Tade x&v nge ofivxigw xal [t«] 
%$v ygauy oupaxa tvnvoa. Mora yag, woneg xd 

Digitized by GoOgle 



90 AKIST. PROBLEMATA. 

naXaid oixodofirjftaTtt , disoTwoav \*x tl T V V vvv&taiv 
x(ov fiogitov, — 5. (cf. 35.) did %i 6 av&gumog fiovov 
i'axfi Xbvxtjv ; II ox eg ov oti XsTuodsg^otatov Ttov ^wwy 
ivxlv, dpa di xal 7TvsvfiaT(ods(jxegov j 2r\fiuov di, on 
i] Xevxrj iv xofig XmTodsgfioTaToig fiidXioTaxal ngwTov 
ylv&ai [teQtoiv. 'Iff" did lavtot ts, *cu oti fiovov no- 
Xtovxaixwv £tocov;*Ev ydgxalg Xsvxatg noXial ylvov- 
tqu ai TQixsg* v Jloi8 ddvvaTO*, Saa fit} noXtouxai, 
Xzvxijv i'oxHv* — 6. did xi alysg fiiv xal noopaxa 
dpiXyovTai nXuaxov yocXa, ov piyioTOv ocouet E/orrcr 
dvdgwnog di xal 0ovg tXaxTov, tog xatd Xovov; Uo- 
teqov on sig to oco/ua dvaXioxsrar xo"ig di ctXXoig, eig 
to mQiTTMfia ; xo7g [di] ngofiaToig xal xalg al£l , to 
TitQiytvofisvov tov TttgiTTOjfiaTog , ydXa ylvsTai ndv; 
*!// oti noXvToxmiga ioTi x\av psydXcov • wots nXuov 
onfi nsghr(Ofia 9 did xo nXda xgiysiv; *H di ao&i- 
vtiav xatv oojfiuxcov nXiiov nsgixxafia ytVBxaixvovotv 
uvxotg; xo di ydXa yivtxat ix tov ntgiTTw^iaTog. 
— 7. did xi tuv fw«v Ta piv, fitTa/HaXXovxaxdydaxa, 
fjiExajSdXXsi xdg xgous* * a * ofioia yivixav xotg ixii, 
olov alysg* Ta di, ov , olov av&gianoi ; — 8. Kal 
hX(og di did tI xd (tiv fiexctfiaXXei t xd di ov ; olov 
xogal ov fitTa^dXXei. *H, av fiiv ov xgatti rj yvotg 
tov vygov, wontg ?j tmv ogvitav, fdio xuIxvotiv ovx 
h'xsi) oil fitxafidXXsi ; — 9. KaldiaxiovxavTa, dXXa 
Ta exyova fisTafiaXXsi; "H oti aod'tviouga [t« via] 
xuv ytvvTjodvrtov ; — 10. did xi xd Sgosva fisi£ova 
Tiny xtijleicov cog ininav ioxi ; UoTtgov oxi &eg(ioxsga • 
tovto di avfyxixov;"!! llxi oXoxXrj^a' xd di Tienygco- 
Tais 11 oxi xd uiv iv noXXot xgovat TiXuovTai* Ta di, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECT10 X. PROBL. 5—14. 91 

iv oXlyto; — 1 1. Jia xixa pev, xaxvxoxa xatv £<wa>y iatl' 
Ttov de, noXvxgovtog r t xvrjoig; "Hoxi xa paxQofiiw- 
tega, figadvxtgov nicpvxe xeXeiovo&at; w* de Pga- 
dvxoxa xa paxgopia. Ov pevxot xa paXioxa • oiov 
iTinog avfrgrinov Pgadvxoxcixegov pev paXioxa, oXi- 
yoxQOVtt&TBQOV de. Tovtov de aXxiov , ^ oxXrjgoxqg 
tap voxegav. "Jlonsg yag t\ tyga yv ov xaxv Ixxge- 
€psi, ovta xal rj xov Xnixovvoxegn. — 12. Amxlxotg 
uXXoig £(&oig xa ixyova paXXov Tag (pvoeig bpoiovxai, 
*} xotg (xv&gwnoig; n H oxi> o pev av&gtonog noXXaxtag 
diax id-ex at xrjv yvxyv *(x™ *yv opiXlav ; Kadwg d 3 av 
o, xs naxyg xal r\ prjxrig diaxt&tooiv , ovxat noixiXXe- 
xai [xalj xa xixxopsva. Tot de aXXa £wa , xa pev 
nXelaxa ngbg avxb xovxo slow. "Eti de ov nXijgovxay 
rig inixonoXv, diuxavxijv xr t v ijit&vplav. — 13. Aia 
%l ol Xfvxol Sv&gconoi xal innoi tog imxonoXv yXav- 
xoi; "ll diOTi [xgttov] XQ a P<x t( °v ovzonv xoig oppaoi, 
peXavog xal alycanov xal yXavxov , tw xov owpaxog 
XQtopaxi xal to xov bcp&aXpov XQ^Ptf axoXov&u ,- 
xovxo de ion yXavxoxtig, — 14. Aia xiva ahiav ol 
vavoi yivovxai/'En depaXXov xa&oXov diailxapev, 
oXoag peyaXa, xa de, pixgd; tlxa ovxto oxentiov. Avo 
#?] xa cut la. **/f ydg 6 xonog , % y\ xgoyr\. e O pev 
[oi/y] xonog, iav j) oxevog* r t dexgocpt], iav rj oXlyrj' 
woneg xal vdrj ysyevvrjpevtoVjneigtovxai pixgovg noieiv 
olov ol xa xvvidia xgeqpovxeg iv xdlg 6gxvyoxgo<pioig. 
"Oaoig pev ovv b xonog al'xvog, ovxoi nvypcuoi ylvov- 
xai. Ta pev yag nXaxrj xal xa prjxr] exovxsg yivovxav 
xaxd xb xtov xsxovxwv peyedog ' pixgot dt oXag* 
Tovzov de ai'xiov, oxi dia xr\v oievoT^xa xov xonov 

Digitized by GoOgle 



92 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

ovyxX&fiwai ai ev&nat, xafinvXai yivovxau "Jlontg 
ovv ol iixl xwv xanrjXiwv yga(f6ftfvov, fiixgolfiiv slot, 
quxivovxcu H* txovug nXdxr) xal pd&rj; bpolcog avfi- 
palvtt, xal tdtg nvypaioig. "Oooi de did x go (prig IV- 
deiav axeXtig yivovioa, ovxoi xal naidagitodrf xd ftelrj 
txovxeg (paivovxai. Kal ivlovg idetv iou, jutxgovg 
fikv oyodga , ovpfiixgovg de , won eg xd MtXnoua xv~ 
vidia ' aixiov de , oxi ovx &g o xonog r\ cpvoig noiei. 

— 15. Aid xi xwv fwwv xd fiiv IS aXXijXtov yivexai, 
xd #' lx Tivcov ovyxgtvoftivwv, bpoiwg xrjg iS dgxqg 
yevsaswg avxdtg inagSdoijg ; [".ffj xa&aneg ol txsqI 
(pvoewg Xiyovxeg Xiyovai, xal xr\v 11 Agxfe yevtaiv 
xtov £o.W ysvio&at, did tag fiSxafioXdg xal fiexaxivr\- 
oeig xov xoofxov xal xov navxog ovxa> fteydXag • xal 
vvv sin eg fitXXu ndXiv i'oeo&ai, xoiavxag xivdg vndg- 
Saidtl xiviioeig ; € JI fiev ydg dgxrj, navxog egyovfiiyt- 
axov rifjLiav ydg' xb ds onigfia, dgxrj. Twv fxiv ovv 
fiixgwv, xal ooayivnai fir}i$ aXXyXtov, al'xiovxoiavxa 
yevio&ai, womg i$ dgxijg iyevv/j^aav, n xov ottco- 
fiaxog (iixg&XTjg. Tov ydg iXdxxovog , xal fj dgxr\ 
iXdxxw. c lfloxs txaval xal ai xovrov fitxafioXal ngbg 
xbytwTjoai avxb) xb onigfia' oneg ovupalvu. Tlvovxai 
ydg iv xaig fitxa^oXaig fidXioxa • xolg ds Qit/£o0f>] 
[iei£ovog delicti, [xal] ftnapoXrjg. — 16. didxi, xd 
fiiv, noXvxexva xcov fwtuv, olov vg , xvcav, Xaywg • xd 
di oi/ , oiov avdganog , li(av; n Hoxi xd fxsv, noXXdg 
fir\xgag xal xvnovgexei Voovg , xal nlpnXaa&ai £m- 
&vfitij xal eig a oxlfaouy yovq' id tie, xovvavxiov. 

— 17. did xi iXdjioxov didatrjfia x&v ofifidxw b 
uv&gamog l^i xwv fwwy xaxd fiiyt&og/ x II dioxt fid- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO X. PROBL. 14-21. 93 

Xioxa xaxd cpvaiv % X n xwy aXXm ; y de ai'o&rjoig g>v- 
ou xbjungoodsy' ij? Sydg $ xiytjoig , xovxo fa 
ngoogav oou d' dv y nXuoy xo dtdoxtjfiatwy o/i/ia- 
xav ^xoaovxa fiuXXov ai owng eoovrou iv xot nXayico. 
El ovv h' X siy del xaxd <pvotv f oxi oXiyioxoy del to dia- 
Ottilia slyai. Oilxu ydg tig ib ngoo&ty fidXioxa 
nogevoexai. *Bn ft xolg d'XXoig &otg, bid x iigag 
ovx exovoiv, ayayxalov nagogav tig xd nXdyia. Jib 
nXttov ddotrjxt tic optima avt&v , xal fidXtoxa x&v 
ngopmav , did xo fidXtoxa noitio&ai xyy noqtiay 
xvnxoyxa. -- lS.Jiatl xd &S«,t« fity ovxiSoytiguxxu, 
xads oXiyaxig; HoxsgoyoxiovdiyvTjxioyxaxdxHxai; 
itoveiguTiei ft ovdiv wvnxioy. n H on ovx ivvnvid- 
Qu ta aUa bfiolwg ; 6 diiSoytigwyfibg fitta <payxa- 
oiag yiytxai. — 19. Jia xlx&y ?«W xd fiiy xiytlxyy > 
*tfaXriv, xd^de ov xivu ," H oxttvia ovx t X uavyba; 
too xavxa olxiytixfa xsyaXjy. — 20. (cf. inf. 56. 
et 32, 10.) Aid xi av&gnnog nxdgvvxaixSiy fwwv pa- 
Xioxa; Hoxsgov oxi xovg nogovg tigstg h' X ei, di wy xo 
nvtya xal barf tloig X sxai; xovxoig di nXtjgovfihoig 
TivBVfiaxog , mdgyvxai. "Oxi ft tvgtig , o^uov, oxi 
Vxtoxa ooygavxixbv xwy SXXuy &»W dxgtfioxtgoi 
& o> Unxoxtgoi. El olv tig ph xovg tvgtig nUoy 
*amXiovaxig Hosg X staivygby, (ov TtytVfiaxoVfiiyov, 
o nxagfiog yhtxai) xoiovxovg de fidXioxa xwv &uv ov 
^g(onoil X ovoi t nXuoxdxigay7xxdgyoiyxo tixoxng. "H 
oxi iXaxtoxoj, xaxd xo rfxog ol nvxxygeg; ware to 
&sgfiav&iyvygby, xa X v dvvaxai nvsv/ia yivto&ai. 
Ev os xolq aXXoig , did fir^xog xaxayv X sxai ngoxsgoy. 
— 21. Jia xi fj yXcixxa ovdevbg nlega xwv fromy; "ff 



Digitized by LiOOgle 



94 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

oxi xo mov, nvxvov rj de yXaxxa, dgaid qpvosi iaxh, 
one) g xovg %vpovg yv(ogi£jj ; — 22. Aid xi xd xhjJUot 
ovvxdon ovgei , xd de aggtva ov y* II oxi noggcoTsgov 
taxiv t\ xvaxig i] xwv &7iXsiah> , xal Big (2d&og 
xal sig fiijxog; ptxaSv ydq ctixiov y juyrga xrjg 
edgag xal xrjg xvoxtatg* wore dux at, ft lag nXuovog xo 
ixTTSfdTiofxEvoy , did ye xi\v anooxaotv xyg /uijzg ag. 
Bid£exai de avvxuvov xw nvsvpau. — 23. Aidxixwv 
£w(ov ooa fxr\ nexexai, ndvxa dnofidXXu xdg ^f ifteo*- 
vdg xgtyag , ttXtjv iog / xalyaQ xvav dno/SdXXsi , xal 
(lovg. "H oxi degpoxaxov 6 vgioxi, xal ix &egpov 
necpvxaaiv at xgfysg avxa ,- xoiovxov ydg iaxi xo Xi- 
nagov. Twv fiev ovv aXXtoy, rj did xo «7ioi//i#S(Fvhn 
xo vygov , dnoniiixovaiv , % nixxuv xgocpyv ov 
dvvafiev^g xyg olxeiag Ssgfioxijxog , rj did xo 
(irjdh ndoxsiv xr\v vygoxrjxa xi\v iv avxfj, did xo 
nhxeo&ai xaXwg xr\v xgoopyv, ovx dno($dXXu xdg xgi- 
%ag. c On6xe ydg y alxla xr\g dnofioXijg ioxiv, txa- 
vii % moxTjg xtoXvoau Ugo/Saxa de xal av&gtoTxot, 
dia [to] nXri&og xal nvtftoxr\xa xijg xgtyog , dna&rj 
ioxiv. Ov ydg diixvuxai 4 V^&s **£ P<*&og , iioxe 
7irj$ai xrjv vygQxrjxa, fj neipai xtaXvoai xr^v -fregfioxyxa. 
— 24. Aid xi t«v pev ngo($dxav paXaxtaxtgai at 
xgixtg dvaqpvovxai xiXXo/ievai • twv de dv&gtB- 
noav , oxXtjgoxegai ; Iff oxi x$v ftev ngofidxaiv ix 
xov imnoXrig ntcpvxaoi; dib xal dXvncag (xon&vxcti, 
fievovor\g xtjg dgxyg xr^g xgocpfjg ddiacp&ogov, ij iaxiv 
iv aagxi. Ta fiev ovv negixxafiaxa , dvoix&ivxwv, 
i£ax[xl£u (xdXXov xo de egioy, oagxog oixeiav xgoyrp 
Xappdve*. • oaQ$ de fiaXaxoig xal yXvxioi xgiyexai. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO X. PROBL. 22-2G. 95 

Al ds twj> &V&QW7K0V xglxsg , ix jSi&ovg mcpvxviai, 
fiia [xaY] /uct aXyrfiovog ixonwrtcu. AijXov dk • im- 
on&vxai yag alpa. Tgavfiaxi^ofiivov ovv xov xo- 
nov, avfi^aivu avxbv xal oiXovo&ai. Aib xsXog ^iv 
ovfipaipeiylvso&aixdlQTiXXottivoig* hag d' av aviuyji 
TQifsg , oxXijgag aviivai, dia xb trjv [tiv xgoqxadi] xijg 
oagxog ixXeXourivai naoav xgoqpip, ix negtzjcojiaTcov 
3 9 avtag ybto&ai. 2ripnov b*i* xw ftsv yag ngbg 
(.nor}[ip()i(xv ndvxtav oxXrjgai slow al xgixsg , did to, 
to ixxbg dsgfiov tig (id&og duxvovfxtvov , i$ax[ii£eiv 
%t\v ivmnxov xgoa>rjv xtovdevno tag agxxovg (taXa- 
xcti. Tovtoig yag imnoXiig fiaXXov ion to' & aJfia 
xal ol yXvxtig xvpol. Aib xal tvxgooi iioiv. « — 25. 
Aia xl al fiiv xwv ngofidxtav rgixeg , oato av paxgo- 
xtgai (oui, oxXfjgoxsgai yivovxar al di xi&v av&gw- 
Titov, paXaxwxegai ;*H oxl al x&v ngoftdxwv, oXav el- 
gr\xou xgoyyv tyovoai, [paxgdv\ xr\g dgxyg dnagxtf- 
fisvai, axgoqxoxsgal hoi, xal $adlwg i$ avtoJv i£a- 
x^txai vnb xov degpov r\ hvndgxovoa xgoyi) di 
evntipiav ; tygawopsvai 8s , l-rjgoxsgat yivovxai' xo 
yag vygov, [taXaxov. Al 8i xZv dv&gtoTiwv , iXdtxm 
fib, fiaXXov 8$ xrjg dgxyg* Ilhxsxai de avxalg [xaX- 
Xov, diaxb iXdxrw ilvajt* nsxxopivt} de, fiaXaxwxigav 
noiil xv\y xgixa. Havxa yag xa mnsfipiva, xwv dni- 
nxoav fiaXaxioxsgd ioxiv. 3 £x 7tsgixx(6fiaxog yag nXti- 
axov r) tov dv&gtonov &gl£, i] r\ xov ngofiaxov. 2t]- 
(liiov Si • xa yag via ngoftaxa , xav naXaitov paXa- 
xoixsga i#« T « *$«*• — 26. (cf 4, 32.) did vl ol av- 
&gfonot xa* ol ogvidtg ol daottg , Xayvoi uoiv; 
*H ot* &tg\Lol xal vygol x%v (pvotv uoi; du 8e 

Digitized by GoOgle 



06 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

vpqxnvngbg tr}v oxelav. To per yag degpov, 
ixxgivei* xbdevygbv, ixxgivexai. Jia to avib Si 
xal ol xwlol avdgeg, H yag xgoyrj avxolg oXiyrj p&v 
xaxto ayixvejxai, diet iijv avanriglav tmv oxeXwv tig 
de tbv indvta Tonov egxtxat, noXXr\ , xal tig enigma 
ovyxgivexai. — 27. (cf. 32.) dia tl b av&gtonog 
' %alTr}v oix fysi ; *H oibxi, nriywva ex H ' ^° TS **& 
ajteX&ovoa xgocpri Tr)g Toiavxi\g ntgixxdotag, u$ Tag 
oiayovag to^rra*; — 28. Aia xi navxa ta £wa Ag- 
xiovg Tovg nodag %x*i>;"HoTioix ivdixexat xiviio&ai, 
fir) eoxtjxoxag Tivbg , av pr\ akXrjxai; 'Enel xoivvv ix 
dvoivxivolvxivr^ivaydyxri tv, nog da tlvai, txxexivr]- 
atoag xal oxdoetog, tavxa de dvo, xal agua rjdrf xa* tc- 
xgdnoda , dioxi nXeiovg • toiig fxiv yag dvo xiveX , ol 
de dvo eoxr]xaoi • xal ol fj - xal xa aXXa de dvo eti • 
xovxcov de xb fiev , xiveixav to de, toxrjxe. — 29. 
(cf. 9, 13. et inf. 31.) Aia %i xdtg fiev Ynnoig xal xolg 
ovoig ix twv ovXwv cpvovxai Tgfysg > tolg de av&g<6- 
noig ov; ' Hdioxi xdtg {iiv aXXotg £atoig ioxl to dig pa 
pegog xrjg aagxbg, avd-ganm dk xa&aTtsg xb na&og 
aagxog ; Joxu yag aixolg xb imTtoXyg xaxaipvxbfievov 
vregewxegov ylvso&ai • xa&aneg xwv kqp&wv dXevgtav 
al ygatai xaXov/xevai, 'Enel ovv xaxiivai eloiv aXev- 
qov eq>&bv, xal xb xov av&gwnov xaXovfievov degpa 
aaol av ei'rj. Tgavpaxio&evxog de r] Tgipevxog , av- 
dgconov fiiv xijv odgxa avfifiahtt nvxvovo&ai • dib 
T)lXoi(t)fidv7]Q Trig inmoXr)g aagxbg ov xijv avtyv qpv- 
atv XanPuvu to rgavpata, yneg *al ix yevrtyq* 
aXXouadtiorig d* aixrjg /uij yivea&at, exi to it avxrjg, 
°v&h aTonov, xa&djieg xalix TuvaXamtxtair xaXov- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO X. PROBL. 26-33. 97 

pivcav xal ydg avxai xijg imnoXrjg aagxog g>&ogal 
xal dXXoiwotig ilolv. Tav di vno^vyltav rgt/Uvxtov 
xal vyiagopivuv, ndXiv avanXr\govxai xd vsvoorjxoxa 
pigij tov owpaxog , iwp avxatv piv, do&Eveoxegwv 

&> i ^ "QM g y* » Enf * ^ i(n * * a * ™ %a pigog 
avxtav, yivoino ts Sv xal yvoivTO iQi/tg • [ix digpa- 
xog ydg yvovxai xgixsg •] Uvxal di qpvovxai , did to, 
to digpa do&evioxegov yiyovivai xov 4£ dgxyg , xa* 
TiyvXtvxi\v ow&EveotaTTjv thai Tgixa. — 30. Aid xl 
iv piv rotg aXXoig £woig diapivn crpoltog t« didvpa, 
xtyXw xal agosva ovra • iv di toig dv&gdnoig , ov ; 
Hdioxi do&svrj pdXtoxa tot didvpa' povoxoxov ydg 
ioxiv iv di xoig didvpoig nagd qtvoiv, xb &ijXv yi- 
veo&ai xal ag§sv. c 'J2gt« o pdXioxd ioxi nagd q>voiv s 
rovxo xal do&evioraxov. — 31. (cf, gup. 29.) Aid xi 
xoUgpiv 'innoig xal xotg ovoig ix twv ovXav qpvovxai 
xgixsg' rolg di dv&qvmoig, ov^Hdioxti) ovXi) xtoXvsi 
dia xr\v nvxvcooiv; i) did to qp&sigsiv xi\v xgoqtrjv; Tolg 
fiiv ovv dv&gtonoig navxsX&g xuXvei, did itjv do&i~ 
vsiav x%g zgixog • xoig di innoig ovx ixaXvos' dii- 
y&Hge di. — 32. (cf. sup. 28.) Aid xi xoig l<aoig ag- 
not nodsg ; "h oxi navxbgpiv xov xivovpivov, dvdyxij 
ilygeptiv; ovvifiaivsdi, negixxwv ovttov, pijylvso&ai 
tovto • onsg xaxd xrp dvxiaxoixiav x&v nodmv %v r\ 

xivtjaig 33. Jid xl iXdxxoa xqovov xd £wee xa&ev- 

dsi , % iygriyogtv , ov ovvsx&g di; *H did xb pi) dpa 
ndaav nixxeo&ai xi\v nsgixxatoiv ; \dXX' oxav xi 7rc- 
<p&fj, xovcpio&kv disyiigsxai ' xal nUovdxig di iytigs- 
xai, oaoig tyvxgbg 6 xbnog 6 nixxav ioxixriv 71 eg It - 
roxTiv.] Taxi) ydg navtxai xal noXXdxig • ^ di did- 
Arist. Probl. G 

Digitized by GoOgle 



08 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

navoig , sysgoig ioxw. € H8v 8s slxoxtag dice xo 
avanavaiv sivm cpalvsxai. *AXX 3 ov8' ivxav&a 
nXsior xqovqv tj avanavaig yivsxai xtav xuxa qtvaiv 
sqyav • ov8* si x6 iodlsiv ijdioy xov pri, Sfxoag nXsiiu 
Xgovov iodiovoiv ?/ aoixovoi. — 34. 4ia xi xwvlwav 
xa fxev , sv&vg axoXov&sl xolg ysvvrjoaoi " xa J', oips, 
olov Sp&gwTtog' ?j poXig , r} ovSinoxs; *H 816x1 xa 
(iev, tot%v anoXafi/Havsi xqv yv(agi£siv xa 8 , oipi; 
xal xafisv, avaia&rixot xov to(peXovvxog ' xa 8s, l#ei al- 
o&ijaiv. °Oaa fisv ovv sxsi, Sfiqxa xavxa, (Xsya 5', 
oloy xal al'o&Tjoiv xov loysXovvxog, xal imxiXsoiv xov 
odfiaxog) axoXov&sl' xa 8s firj Sfiqxo, ovTtoistxovxo. 
AsiyagSvvao&aixalfjiij aio&avso&ai, — 35.^i«t/X£V- 
xi) ov yivsxatxdlg aXXoig £cooig; Iloxsgov on xdtg fisv aX- 
Xoig voorjfict, xolg 8s av&gwTioig ov yivsxai 8iaXsvxu xa 
Sigpaxa xal ai xgi^sg avxwv; *AX$ Sftag anogriosuv av 
xig, 8iaxivoxsgov ov yivsxai, aX£ ixysvtxrjg ijnoixiXla, 
*Hoxi xa b^sgnaxaxwvaXXcov&bivoxXrjQa, av&gwnog 8k 
(pvosiXsnxoSsgfioxaxov; y 8sXsvxrj, nvsvfjtaiog ioxivsx- 
xgiotg,o xwXvsxai 81a x'rjv nvxvoxrjxa ilisvai xolg aXXoig 
Jwois tov 8igpaxoq. — 36. Aia xl iv fih xfj Xsvxr\ 
noXial ylvovxai' bnov 8k noXial , ovx ail Xsvxr); "// 
816x1 alxgixsg ix xov Ssgfiaxog stub; i) 8s7toXia, coo- 
nsg oangoxrjg rig xwv xgix&v ioxiv. "Oxav fxsv ovp 
to SsQfia xa^vrj, avayxy xal xijv xgixa £$ ixsivov xa- 
(Avstv • oT«y 8s fj &qI$, ovx avayxr\ xo 8sgfia, — 37. 
Aia xl xav fwwv, xa pav %u)s7id soxi just a xov toxov, 
olov xv(ov xal vg m xa 8s, ovdsv im8t]Xiag, olov yvvii, 
ngofiaxov ; *H oxi oaa fisv nsgixxoafxaxixa , ngasa ; 
unigxsjai yuQ iv to} to'xw t« Xvitovvxa. "Oaols ^* 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO X. PROBL. 33-39. 99 

dnb iwv tv ixovxw yivtxai v acpalgeoig , xavxa &a- 
ygiaivtxaixal xaXtnd ioxi^ "lloxt xal laxvbxrig nonl 
did xriv ijiv xrjv ogyyv. r Jlontg xal al dXtxxogidtg 
ov xtxovoai zaXtTtal, aM' inadfrvoai, did xr\v «at- 
tiav. — 38. did xi tvvovxoi, xa piv allot tig xb&i}Xv 
diacpdugoptvoi [itxafidlXovoi ; xal ydg q>a}vr t v dyXv- 
Xfjvi'axovoi, xaldftogylav, xal dvag&giav xalovna 
oyodgu pztaninxovoiv , wg xal iv xoig aXXoig &oig 
™ixxfpv6[itva.*Evavxiagd\lxuvgotxalolxQtolxdxe- 
Qaxui'oxovordioxixalxd&tXfaivavxiagavxtovexti.dib 
ol pb ptiga ixxsfivofisvod'axovoiv olds iXdixa, dvi- 
axvgoi slut. To de fiiyt&og fiovov ol tvvovxoi tig 
to aggtv [iexafiaXXovoi • ptftovg ydg yivovxai. "Eoxi 
dh xovxo xov aggtvog • id ydg &i}Xea, ildxuo ioxlxtov 
aggivm.^ "Hovdsxovxo tig xb aggsv , dXX' tig xb 
■&jlv; ov ydg tig ndvxb piyt&og , «U' tig xb fitjxog 
fiovov xb dsaggtv xal tig nldxog xal tig (Id&og. 
Toxs ydg xtxtXtiuxai. "Ext, dt wg «/« xb S?jXv 
Tigbg xb agg'tv, ovxcog avxovxov dyXtatg rj nag&ivog 
ngbg xj]v yvvalxa. C H piv ydg f ?/<5jj ytvvala • f) di, 
ow. Elg xr^v xovxay ovv fitxa^aXXtu 3 Enl tfxog ydg 
xavxatg y avtyoig. Jib xal "Ofirjgog tv' 

prixog d ' tnog ''jgxtpig dyvi] • 
w^ dm xrjv nag&eviav, o tl X t , dwapivrig dovvai. 
Ovx ovv tig xb aggtv xaxd xb piytdog fitxa^dXXsi. 
Ov ydg tig xb xiXtiov fitxa^aXXti. Ol dk tvvovxoi 
tig ftiys&ogxb pfjxog imdidoaoiv. — 39. did xl ol 
tvvovxoi r\ oXwg ovx to/ovotv, »/ qxxov l%iag ,- *Hoxi 
(AttapuXXovot, xr\v cpvoiv iv xl] ixxfiyoti tig xa dyova / 
xoiuvia denatg xalyvvn* wv ovdixtgov i'/si Uiag* 

G2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



100 AIUST. PROBLEMATA. 

£t fit] xi ojhxviov fj yvvrj, — 40. Aid xi fidXXov «y- 
&gomog noXXag (pwvdg oupirjoi • xd ds dXXa , fiiav, 
udid(poga ovxa tw si'de f xalxov dv&Qanov, plot <jpw- 
vi\,&XXd didXsxxomoXXai i — 41. Aiaxidsavxri aXXrj, 
xolg de aXXoig ov ;*H bxi, ol [Asvav&gbmoi, ygdfipaxa 
noXXd <p&iyyovxai ' xatv ds aXXwv xd (iev, ovde'v • IVto 
ds t 8vo ?j to/« twv aqpwvwv; rat/Ta 5s 7roi£t /*ct« twv 
<p(OvriivT(ov xyv didXsxxov. "Eon ds 6 Xoyog , ov to 
ijj qpowj? ar^aivsiv , aiUa to?s nddsmv aiirig , xal 
/u^ oxt dXyslv xalgti. Ta [8s] ygdpfiaxa, nd&tj 
ioxl xyg qxovris. < Ofiol(ac ds o\xs naldsg xal xd -frygict 
dqXovoiv • ov yag nta ovds xd naidia (p&syyovxai xd 
ygdfjtfiaxa. — 42. z/i a t7 fiovov twv oXXtav £wwv av- 
•d-gumog yivsxai lox^oqptavov s Iloxsgov on xal svsov ; 
i} ds ioxvoqxnvia , ivsoxrjg ioxiv. *AXXa drj xal ovd 3 
oXtag TtsnXrjgtoxai xovxo jo pogiov. "lion xoivavtl 
uaXXov Xoyov ' xd d* aXXa, (patvrjg; saxi 8s iaxvocpto- 
via, ov xaxd to ovofia sv, 7} ov avvsx&g dis&svai. 
— 43« Aia xi dvdgemog yivsxai ix ysvsir t g ;jfcoAo£ 
fidXioxa twv dXXwv fwwvy [/7oTf^or oTt ioxvgd xu*v 
a Maw «ot* axe'A?? xwv Jwwv/] ootwo^ yao xat rsv- 
gwdrj , xal xsxgdnoda xal ogvi&sg I'xovow ol ds a»'- 
&Q(n)Ttoi t oagxwdq. Aid xyv otnctXoTrjTa ovv &dxxov 
imgovvxai iv ir t xiv^asi; "il dioxi p vov xwv Jwov 
TtoXXovg txu xgovovg xr\g ysvioswg; nouyag snxdfjtrfVa 
xal oxxdfirjva, xal dsxtxfiyva yivsxai • xolg d ItXXotg 
slg XQ 0V °S T? i* xiXeiwosco? yiyovtv ov diaxqtyag • to*£ 
d uvd-gmitoie rtoXvg o XQOvog yivsxai xyg iv ttXtj&u 
diaxgifiijQ. "floxs xtvovjj.ivwv did xo dnaXd slvai y 
x«« 0-gavtxui xv dxgwxqgiaiv t^j nXsion XQ° V( $ nfo£&. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO X. PROBL. 40 — 4G. 101 

~ 44^ Aid xi ol evvovxoi eXxtadeigtdc xrrjpag I'xovo* 
xal oangdg; JJottgov on xal al yvvaixeg • ol d' ev~ 
voi>X°h yvvaixixol /"ll tolto ph ov^e^xtv alxiov 
de xal xatg ywai$lv , or* ^ degpotyg xdtco ogpn. 
At\Xo"l de xal td yvvaixela. Aio ovde oi eivovxov 
ovde yvvaixtg daoug yivovtai, did noXXqv vygdtt]ta. 
— 45. dia ti tcov faW ov&ev Xi&iip, dXX? tf dv&gco- 
nog ;*H on twv fiev vnoSvylcov xal tai( noXv(avvx(o)> 
ol 7iooot trig xvottmg evgtlg slow; ooa de firj to 
ngwxov, voxtgov de £iaoxoxel iv avxoXg, olov evioi twv 
iX&vav xovxtoy de ovdev xvaxiv exei, aXl? ugirjvxoi- 
Xiav avxotg r\ toiavxrj ovv&Xifotai vnootaoig , olov 
xal tdtg ogvioiv • ware taxv xal dis^egxetai xatd %r\v 
edgav, e de av&gconog , xvotiv t% exti, xal attvbv 
toy xavXbv, wg xatd [teyt&og. Aid psv ovv to %x* lV 
xovto to fiogiov , ovu&Xipstai to ymdeg tig ti\v xv- 
at iv (dib xal xgw&vtai al dfiideg vri avtov) did te 
t\\v -&tgfi6t7]ta tov tonov ovunittetai xal naxive- 
tai fidXXov, *£{ifiivei de xal av^dvttai, diet ti]V ate- 
votrjta tov ovgrpygog. Ov ydg dvvafieva td yeddtj 
vnootrjfiata gadl(og vnt&evai, ngog aXXyXavnooTge- 
(pofisva, ylvetai Xl&og. — 46. Aid ti ovx igtvyetai 
xa vno£vyia , ovde ol fiotg xaltd xsgaxo<poga , ovdt 
ol bgvi&tg ; "il did fygotyta tfjg xoiXiag ; taxv ydg 
dvaXioxetai to vygbv xal dir t &uxai. *Eppevovtog de 
xal nvev(Aatovpevov , yivetai 6 igevypog. Totg de 
Xo<povgoig, did [iyxog tov avxivog, eig to xdtco ogfin 
to nvevfia' dib xal dnoipocpovoi fidXioxa. Ol ogvi- 
&eg de, xal xa xegaioyoga, ov noiel ovdittgov. Ovd* 
igBvyovxai de ooa prigvxd&i, did xb noXXdg Vx* 1 * 

Digitized by GoOgle 



102 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

xoiXiag, xal tbv xaXovfisvov xsxgvcpaXov. Jio noXXtov 
cvv yivsxai xal avco xal xaxa tw nvevpau r { nogsia* 
xal q>&dvsi dvaXioxofisvov to vygbv, nglv ixnvsvpa- 
tio&rjvai , xal noii\oai rj igvyslv , r\ yjocpyvcct. — 47. 
Aid tiy oaa ph ruisga twv £aW, sort, navrmg xal 
Sygia • oaa dt aygia, ov ndviag ijfisga • xal yag av- 
dgconoi nov (paivoviai aygioi ovreg, xal xvvsg iv Iv- 
dolg, xallnnoi aXXo&r dXX 3 ov Xsovxsg r](isgoi, ovds 
nagddXeig, ovd* sxsig, oid' aXXa noXXd/H on §«ov 
to (pavXop xal ysvio&m i$ dgxyg, xal'p erapaXuv tig 
avto; !} ydg <pvoig, ot% r\ ngwrt], dXX r\ (v tiXsi, ig- 
ywdrjg rv/ely svfrvg. Aio ndvxa xal %a ijfiega, aygta 
ylvovtai to ngonov n&XXov , 7) ijfisga' oiov naidiov v\ 
dvrjg, napcpdyov, xal tw &vjio) &v aXXa ao&srs- 
otsga. "SLomg ovv xal inl trig ti/v^g twv I'gyuv, 
ovnog sx*i ^ ^ ni ™ v 7 VS yvoscog sgyuv. Kal yag 
inl tovttav ridvt ioxl cpavXcag slgyao^xiva , xal nXti® 
t« yavXa, xXlvij, xal i^dtiov , xal aXXo biiovv. Kal 
o (xiv ioTi xaXbv , Xafiuv ioxiv anav xal cpavXov • o 
be cpavXov, ov nav xal xaXov oiov ei' Tig inl xtov ag- 
%al(ov ygucpiwv xal dvdgiavxonoiiov oxonel xa igya' 
ov ydg r\v ndtnoxs ovdafiy yqayi] onovdaia, ovds 
avdgidg • qpavXa di Tjv/Opolag 5e xalfj cpvaig, qpavXa 
[ih ndvxa noisl, xal nXsiovg xal nXsia' onovdaia 
de iXdxxio , xal ov ndvxa dvvaxai. To 8s tjfisgov, 
fitXxiov • to 8s aygiov , yavXov. tfrvou 8s ov xjj i$ 
dgxvs > dXX' iq? i}v olfxac Sqcov , noiii onovdaia xai 
ijftsga. TddsivavTiafijOvdinoTEfrjfioXig, xalevJioiio- 
noig, xal ivxgovoig, 1} dgxiov, rj notssv tin xgaosiiov 
oXov, yUovtat ijfitgu %d fcDa ndvia' to d' avxb xal 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO X. PROBL. 47 — 50. 103 

|rn t&v yvxav TtdvTWV ioxiv • ooa pev \y&Q\ yp*Q<*> 
xalayqt>a* ov ndvxa ds dvvaiai rjpsqovo&ai, all 
0(1(09 slolv iv idia X®Q M nqbg nolld l5l(og ixovoy • 
Sots Tiftil7j(iiva xal ayqia , xqeiim xal ^fiBqiotsqa 
q>vso&at r twv iv ally yecoqyovfiivwv. — 48. Aia il 
Toig fiev av&qwTioig oi oficpalol ptyaloi yivovxai, 
xoig Si allotg £aoig ov (pavsqoi; *II dton Tolg fih dux 
to nolvv xQovov tl'oco pivttv avayaivoviai , xal tv&v 
Ttlvovzai' olov d* inavoidovoi t« ilxr\; dib svioiTtav 
opcpalwv xotl awyiovg elaiv ' o ds uv&qamog, ctT«- 
Xjjgi&QXSTai* woTstcpvyqoixalavainoi oi oficpalol axo- 
Xov&ovoiv/'OTt,detapw } Tttel£iwp£va,Tcide,aTdTf]isiQ- 
Xn<*i,or}iiuov,oTiTot pep tv&vg dvvaiai 'Cj\v,Ta dsnaidia 
inipzlslag dsircu. — 49. Aia %i xd fih iwv ?wwv, ixna$ 
oxsvtTou, Ta ds, nolldxig ' xal t!a piv , won stovg, xa 
d', ore Bjvxtv av&gunog psv dtl, Ta ds ayqia ov 
nollaxig' xal vg psv ayqiog , %7ta$' ijfisqogds, noU 
idxig; "H diet iyv Tqo(pr}v , xal dlsav , xal novov ; iv 
nlt]opovr^yaq xvnqi<g. "Enuxa xa aita allo&i (iiv 
«tt«| tixtsi, allo&i ds nltovdxig* olov %a nqofiara 
iv Mayvr\ola xal Ai/tig \ixxn dig. To d* alitor, 
7] nolvxqovla rov toxov • ov ydq im&vuu oTavnlrj- 
G&fi, wonsq ovds rqocprjg, ta nliiqrj. Ta ds doxovvxu, 
t\ttov bxilag im&vpeZ , diet to pr) yivto&ai tt\v xa- 
■&ctQ0iv. — 50. Aid tl Tiov dv&qtantov oi aqaiovg 
sxoyxsg Jovg bdoviag , (tqaxifiioi wg iniTonoXv ; II 
on, oTjfjiiiov tov to ootovv nvxvbv sivai ; wg o iyxs- 
qpaXog ao&svfig ovx sinvouv mars iyqog wy tv\v q>v- 
olv , Taxv ofinvtai. Kal yaq Ta alia pv xtvovfisva 
xal unai^oyza. Jib xal Xv&qunog t^v xsyaXvv 

Digitized by GoOgle 



104 ' ARIST. PRQBLEMATA. 

dotovtotTOV , mal to agger tov &r)Xeog fiamgopuutsgov, 
diet rag Qacpug. Au ds idelv mal inl twv aXXtov. — 51. 
Am ti ds, oooi %r\v dm trig x u Q°$ topiip sxovot <V 
oXyg, fiaxgo^tmsgoi; "HdioTnd avag&ga, (igaxv- 
PiMTaia, &g ta I'vvyga; si dsTa uvag&ga figaxv/Sia, 
dyXov oti tot tJQ&Qiogtiva tovvaviiov. Toiavxa ds 
tov mal, to. (pvau avag&ga , [ictXiota qg&gmaf Tijg 
ds xugog to stow, avagd-gojonov. — 52. Am t/twv 
foW av&ganog , tJ povov , $ paXtOTa diaoTgicpsxcu y 
n H oti r\ povov , ?j pdXioTa X^titov iv xfi Yr\nioTi\Tt 
yhsTai, hxs mal diaoTgiyeo&aiovpPaiveinoioi, — 53. 
Am ti twv fwwy av&ganog pdXioxa xanvt&Tai,' "Hoti 
pdXiOTadamgvsr ij ds mdnvioig pnddamgvov; — 54- Aid 
%l Xnnog Xnnw xotigu moil im&vps7, uv& gun og ds av- 
dgtaTHp, moil oXwg ds tcc ovyytvi] tdlg ovyysviot moil 
opoioig ; Ov [ycto"] dij opoiag, otiov&ov maXov. *H 
ds im&vpia, tov maXov ' tdsi ovv to maXov rjdiov 
slvai. Nvv de pdXXov Xvnaig mdXXog, yd!;, to maXbv 
mat tc i)dv. Ovds ndoa r\ y\dovi\ , r\ to xaXov, r^dv' 
olov (paytlv toriv jjdiovltigoj f *o:ia(pgob*ioiao'aiaXX(p. 
Aioti psv ovv f'xotoTov tw ovyysvtl piyvvpsvov , /ua- 
Xiaict mal ydiota d<pgodiom&h dXXo Ttgo/SXrjpa. "Oti 
ds mal maXXioTov , ovxsn dXrj&ig • dXXd ypeTg jo tig 
trffif owovaiav ijdv, oti 6 pkvmaXov, or* em&vpovvisg 
Xotigofisy ogwvTsg. Kahoi mal inl tov aXXtov im&v- 
piwvsxsicpoi(og,AiipwvTsgyag,^diovogcooiT67t6pa.To 
piv ovv nghg XQtmv tivd maXov, ov mal pdXioia 4m- 
\h>povpsv, tovto domsl jjdiOTov slvai • to dsmad' avTO, 
ovxsti ovttag, 2r\p€iov ds tovtov • domovai ydg i)piv 
9tct lavdgtgxaXolehat,7ig6gTTivovyov(jcavpXitpaaiy?Ag' 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIOX. PROBL. 50 — 56. 105 

ovv ovxoag , woxs xal rja&rjvat bgwai fidXXov xwv tig 
avvovaiav ; Ovdiv ys xcaXvei, el fit) sTii&vnovvxtg tv- 
Xoifiev, Ovto) di nofia xdXXiov. El ydg dtipwvxeg 
TVXOt(iBV,^diov 6^6fiS&a. — SS.didTinoxsxovftivdv- 
&Q(x)7iov xd i'pngoo&sv daovxsga Twv onio&iv ioxi, 
%ibv di tsxganodcov xd omo&sv; "Hoti navxaxadi- 
noda, xd t(nigoodw %x u daovxsga ; oi ydg bgvi&ig 
top avxbv xgbnov .xolg dv&gwTroiQ t'xovoiv* II xa 
dod-ivioxsga fiaXXoy del oxtnd£uv r) cpvaig ti'<o&tv ; 
ao&Evsg di txaoxbv ion xivd xgbnov xwv di texga- 
nodtov dndvxwv, xd omodsv ao&svioTtgd ioxi xmv 
tpngoodtv, did xbv xonov. 'Tub ydg xwv yjv%b)v xal 
xavfidxwv , fidXXov dvvaxd tan ndoxsiv ' xiav di av- 
-&g(6n(ov id sfingoo&ev do&sviaxEgd ion, xal xo avxo 
ninov&tv. — 56. (cf. 20.) Jidxldvdgfanogx&v S*W 
fidXXov nxdgvvxai, ;* H bxi xal xogv£a fiaXioxa ; xov- 
xov d* al'xiov isxiv, on xov -dsg^ov ovxog 7Tsqlxr}v 
xagdiav, xal mcpvxoxog avto cpiqBO&ai, xolg fiiv aXXoig 
£<aoig y i\ xaxd yvaiv avxov qpogd ioxiv inl xovg 
iofiovg - ivxtv&ev di i£ dvaxXdoiwg oxi&fisvov, xb pit 
inl xbv xqd%r)Xov xal xrp xsqpaXrjv cpigtxai avxov ' xo 
di, ei$ xrjv gd/iv xal xrjv ooopvv, dux x6 inl xrjgavxrjg 
tvdslctg tlvai ndvxa xavxa, xalnagd xr\v ftdaiv. (In- 
Qopwov di opolcog xo owfia, xal xd vygd fisgl'Cti ug 
avxd bfiaXag. "Enexai ydg xd vygd xo) dsgpv' dio 
ovdi Ttdvv xogv£d xd xsrgdnoda fwa, ovdi nxagvv- 
xai* b ydg nxagfibg, ij nvsvpaxog d&qoov yoga ioxiv, 
vygav i$axm£6vx<ov xl pdXXov xov oay^otxog' 7} vygwv 
fxninxav. Aib ngb xav xaidgfav yivsxai, , a [ou] 
ovpPalvu xdlg aXXoig &019, did xb xr)v xov degpov 

Digitized by GoOgle 



106 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

(poguv bfiaXl&iv [iv^aixb) slg xb ngoo&sv xalomo&ev 

TOV dk UV&Q(0710V 71Q0Q OQ&fj nSCfVXOXOg T)J fidoSl, 
XaddftSg la (JDUTtf , GVfl^aiVSl XOV -&SQ[tOV CpOQOCP CTll 

xiyv xtcpah]v yivea&ai nXsioii]v xal oq)odgoxdxi?v 
■fpsgopsvov xsivxav&a, dgaiol xal &sgnafasi xovg nsgl 

ttVTIfV 7IQQ0VQ. ' ' OviBQ dsXOlOVXOl, dsXXIXol y'lVOVXUi 

twv vygwv pdXXov , ?} ol xdxca trig xagdiag nogoi. 
"Oxav ovv ovppj} iSvygav&rivoti paXXov tov diovxog 
xal xaxaipvyrjvai, t$(o&sv ov/ufialvsL to &sgfjibv, t@o- 
<pr]y ts e'xovxal ovoxsXXopsvov Ivxbg , avSeo&at,' au- 
Zavoiiivov ds, qpigso&ocL inl rrjv xstpaXrjv , xal xovg h 
avTTj nogovg • slg ovg dxoXov&ovpxa xd vygd , ovxa 
Xsnxd xal unsnxa , nXijgol avxovg , xctl xovg xaxccg- 
§ovg noisl, xal nxagpovg bfioitog. *Ev ydg xoug ugxalg 
tmv xaxaggwv , to dsgiiov ngoavacpsgofisvov xov 
vygov, xal nvevfiaxovv xovg nogovg, xr\ t ixfioXij tov 
nvsvpaxog xovg nxagfiovg noisi , xal Ty ngb twv 
vygwp avaywyrj , « (axi Xsnxd xal dgipia, Aib xal 
avpfiaivsi find xwv xr\g xogyfyg nxagpiav , idaxddq 
dnofiaxxso&ai. ndvxwv ds xovxwv bgfii}odvx(ov ,xd 
ovvbxV xa * na&og tyovxa vygd , vyioxaxai avxolg, 
xal i(j,<pgdxxei xovg nsgl vip xsyaXrjv xal xi)v glvot 
nogovg. Oyxrjgoxsga ydg yivefisva, xal diaxslvovxa, 
noisl roig negl xyv xecpaXyv novovg. 2Jr\fxtiov ds, 
xo \ar\x ixxog, i] di auicov nvsvpa dyslo&ai. Aib 
ovxs nxdgvvvxai , ovxs bocpgaivovxai ol xogvQavxsg. 
Ol ds dvsv xogvtyg yivb^isvoi, did psv xdg avxdg at- 
xiag ylvovxai* pixgug ds xal iXaygdg dgxdg Xaftov- 
xsg. "jlaxs ovvax&svxa xd vygd tw &sgpco, Ixnvtv- 
(ictxovfisya vn avxov d? bXiyoxrixa } tigninxsi xaxd 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO X. PROBL. 56 — 60. 107 

tag §lvag. Hoiti ds tov yoyov tov nvtvpaTog, ovx 
tjttov i] §la r^q (pogag , rj to nXij&og avxov. 'Eve- 
X&ivxog ybg tov &tgpov ngbg og&yv, ngbg tov iyxi- 
cpaXov , xal ngognsoovTog oivtm , avaxXaxai inl rag 
qivag, dib tb tovg Tavxri nogovg ixxbg unb tov iy- 
xtqxxXov diuxsivuv. llagb cpvoiv ovv xr t g ixxbg xXd- 
oswg cpogtxg yivofiivrjg inl rag glvag tw nvsvpaTi, 
oyodgav avpfiaivu ylvso&cii' dio noiu rovg ipocpovg. 
TiavdsaXXwv&owv ovfi^aivsi^dXioTa xogv£avTovg og- 
vi&ctg, dib to (idXioxa hftoiooxiltiov thai uv&qwnoy 
i}ttov ds 1} bv&gconog TTciaxti avxb , oxi %a noXXa 
xdxu exsuriv xtcpaXyv, diet to xv\v vopqv inb i^gyng ei- 
you. — 57, dta xl ja $aXdxxia ?wa twv iv ttj yfj 
^is/So) xai svxgaopsaxsgd ioxtv; * H oxi o 7\Xiog xaxct- 
danavdiv ta ntgiixovta tip yr\v dqpaigslxai tt\v too- 
tpTJv; dib xal rat xonaxexXsiofiiva svxgacpioxsga iaxi. 
ndvrav ovv tovtmv dntjXXaxTat xb daXdxxiu £wa. 
— 58. Aib. jinoTSTdnevaXXa&a, 7xXsovdxigTt}v^rj^ 
gbv 7Qoq)r)v i} Ttjv vygbv ngoadysxcti • o ds av&gcotfog, 
%r\v vygbv rj tt\v h)gdv ; II oxi (pvosi o av&g(07iog 
dsgpoxctxoiv IlXslaxrjg ovv xataipvUwg ds7xai. — 59. 
Aib. xi ol ivvovxoi ov ylvovxai (paXaxgol; II oxinoXvv 
fyovGi xbv iyxicpaXov ; Tovxo ds ovp(l&(lrixtv avxolg, 
dib to pr} ovyyivto&ai xaig yvvou$iv. t II ybg yovv\ 
iaxiv anb xov iyxsqpbXov xwgovaa [dib xr\g £«*£«£•] 
Aia tovxo ovv doxovoi xcel ol ftosg ol ixxofilai (isyu- 
Xa xb xigaxa tysiv , oxocv ixxpfi&uoi. Aoxti ds r\ 
avT^ahla uvai, oxi xal al yvvaixeg xal ol ixatdeg 
ov* siol (paXaxgol. — 60. Aib tI xa fitv ev&vgdv- 
vartai di ctvxw TQtcpeo&ou pub t^v yivsoiv t« ds, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



JOS ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

ovt *H og% bXtyoxgoviwrsga xm ftvi](ir]g dsnxtxcov; 
/fib UTiavTct xal xsXsvxa -&axxov* — 61. dia %l txotb 
6 fisv av&goohog , nXsica xr t v vnoxwQWV noinxm rr}g 
Zrjgag tt\v vygdv * ol ds ltxtxol xal oi ovov, tt\v £179007 
n fl dioTv Toti'ta fxev xa Jwa, nXsiovi Ttj Tgocpji xgrjrcci 
tjj $rjgu • o ds dv&g(onog , vyga paXXov 1} tjj ^rjga ; 
7r5aa ds TcsgiTxwaig , dnb xrjg rgoyrjg tori' xal ano 
Trig nkslovog ttXsicov. Ta fisv ovv Tij vyga fidXXov, 
Ta ds iji %r\ga nXslovi tjj rgo<pjj xQV TOCt • dioti t« [asm 
rav ?aW taxi qpvasi ^rjgd , xa d& vygd. Ta fiiv 
ovv Tjj cpvott, ^rjgd, TTJg vygdg paXXov im&v(iii m 
(xavxrjg ydg ivdsioxsgd slaty xa ds t$ cpvasi vygd, 
trjg Sqgag ' Tavxr\g yag ivdssorsga xav^saxijxcv, 
— 62* did ii ogvi&sg xal dv&goanot, xai xwv Swwy 
T« avdgsta, oxXrjgoxsga ; "Hoxi, 6 d-vpog psxd -dsg- 
potTjjog ; yctg cpoftog, xaxdyvStg. c 'Oacaj> ovv to 
alfta I'vdsgfiov ion, xal dvdgsla xal&vfzoEidri' to ds 
alpa, Tgocprj, "Ooa ds ^f^oi agdtxai xwv yvofisvw, 
oxltjgoxsga ndvxa. — 63. Aid %l xsgaza xlxxovoi (ici- 
Xiora xa Tsxgdnoda xa fit] psydXcf dv&gomog ds, xal 
?a (AsyaXot, iJxtov, olov innoi xal ovot ; "H ox* jioXv- 
yova Tavxa, olov xvveg, xal beg , xal alysg, xal ngo- 
/3axa , noXv fidXXov xwy psydXwv ; ixslvwv ds xa ftiy 
oXcog (xovoToxa , x« ds wg smronoXv. Ta ds Tsqaxa 
ylvovxai, inaXXaTiovimv tav onsgfidtwv aXXrjXoig, xal 
ovyxsofxivoiv iv Tt\ ezodcp tr\g yovr\g , r] iv Ttj pi£tt Tg 
iv Ty vorsga Tijg^&rjXeiag • dib xal ogvi&sg avxa not" 
ovot. Ta yag wa [didvpa] tixtovoi* xa ds Tsgaxa 
ix tojv didvuwv yivsta{ , cJv ^ Xsxi&og xw Vfiivt oi 
diaiguxai. — 64. Jid xl fj xsyaXij daotia twv av- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO X. PROBL. 61 — 68. 109 

-frgrintav paXXov xov aXXov owpaxog, xal ov xaxd io- 
yov ' xolg ds aXXoig fwots xoivavxlov ;* H oti xal xwv 
aXXtav, xapsv, tig odovxag ixdidmot xa& vnsg^oXrjv 
trjg xgoyrjg' xa de, elg xsgaxa'xade, sig xgixag ; Oaa 
psv rig xsgaxa, tjxtov xt\v xsyaXyv %xh daaiiav • ixtl 
ydg dvrjXmaij boa ds rig odoviag, paXXov psv xi»v xe- 
oaxoyogtov txu yag Xoyiav • i\ixov ds xwvtoiovxmv, 
olov ogvswv. "Exovgi yag ravra xctl Tip xtov av&gw- 
noav o ixeivoig noXXaxV dta nXrftog , iovto rig x«- 
gxxXriv ixdidcooiv, Oudsydg ovdh s%*i, ovds noXv 
ovxcog Sots navxaxi}* — 65. Aid xi av&gdtnog povog 
xavS(oa)vnoXidglxsi; n Hou xd psv nXsioxa xwv Cwav 
Qvdda xr\v xgixa uvd ndv hog sxsi > °i° y *»?W> (tovg; 
svia ok, qvada psv ovx l/f*, (igaxvflia distai, xa$d- 
nsg ngofiaxov xal aXXa • ov i} &gl$ aansg ov yrjgd- 
axovaa, olds noXiovxai. € ds dv&ganog, ovds §vada 
fyst xi\v xgixa , paxgopiov xi ioTiv ' woxsvno tov 
Xgovov naXaiovxai. — 66. didxl, oaoig xd dno xov 
opyaXov xaxto pti£ova, % xd ngog xd oxtj&ti, pgaxv- 
fiioi xal ao&svsig s *H oti y xodia tpvxgct dia pixgo- 
xrjxa • wars ov nsnxixrj , dXXa ntgiTxapaxixri / ol di 
xoiovxoi, voosgoi. — 67. Jidxi xa psv yytsxai xwv 
£wcw , ov povov il aXXrjXav, aXXd xal avxopaxa- xa 
ds, l| aXXrjXwv povov, olov dv&gomog xal innog /"if 
xav si xal pr\ di kxsgctg alxiag, «U 5 oxi xdig piv oXl- 
yog 6 xgovog xi)g ysviosatg • woxs fj ysvvr(iixi\ wga 
vnsgxdvsi, xal ivdsxsxai ysvso&at iv xf* t"*<*P ol T) 
xwv a>giv ,• xwv ds noXv f) y&saig vntgxrivsv iviavoiot^ 
yag, i) dsxdprjvol rioiv (Sort dvdyxy n PV y^od ai, n ft 
aXXnXuv yivsofiai. — 68. M * l ™ v ^"> n(0V ot 

' Digitized by GoOgle 



110 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

asv odovTsg Xsvxol, xal Xsvxoxsgoi y ol twv ccXXoav • ol 
ds ovvxtQt ovx sti;*1I ol psv ovvxsg/oTixul to dsgpa 
(isXav, xal [itXdvTsgov ij xwv aXXw oi ds ovvx*g ix 
tov digfittTog yvovxm. Ol ds odovrsg Xsvxol did ti; 
*fl oti 6$ biv o rjXiog to vygbv iSayti, uvsv tov imftd- 

71TSIV XsVXaiVSTai, OlOV Xal TOV X7JQ0V ; TO flSV 0VV 

deofiot impdmst, [royg ds odoviag ovx eVn/?«7irf/,] 
dXXu to vygbv did iyv dXsav cSa^u/Jeiat i$ avTiov. 
— 69. Aid %l in {ih , d<paigovfisvt]g Tr\g xs(paXr\g, 
dno&vrjoxsi sv&vg, 7) Taxv* t« St, ov ;*II oaa dvai- 
fia xctl oXtyoTQoqxx , iovjo 7ido%u; Outs Tgocprjg ydg 
dujoti, Taxv * ovts tyxuiai avtwv to •fregpov iv toi 
vygw. Jlv dvsv ovx olov te £jjv Tolg ivaipoig, Tov- 
zoig ds olov ts ioxtv dnvsvoTi £j,v ydg dvvavTai 
TtoXv [xaXXov. c II ds ahla iv siigoig si'grjTai. 
SECTIO XI. 
"Oaa nsgl (ptotijg. 
Aid tI twv alo&rjaswv ix ysvsTijg fidXiora tjjv 
axorjv nrjgovvTai; "H oti dnb Tr t g avxyg agx^S slvab 
dolsisv 1) Tf dxoij xotl r\ qxavri ; gaoTa ds doxst dia- 
q>&elgso&ai rj didXsxTog, ovoasidogq)(ov^g, xalxotXs^ 
TicwTceTa iniTsXsio&ai. 2v\\tslov ds, oti psTa to ysvi- 
o&ai noXvv xgbvov ivsol sofisv, eh a oipi tiots ysXXi- 
£o(isv. To {isv yccg ngooTOv oXcog ovdsXaXovfisv ov- 
diva , did ts to t^v didXsxrov svcpdagTov stvai • rrjy 
TavTrjv] ds agxyv dpyoTsgwv slvcti, xal Tt]g diaXsxxov 
(tytovy ydg Tig xal Tijg dxoyg) <j>(j7itg xal si ovufis- 
firjxoiog gaota tcov aia&rjosav op&sigsTai, xal ov 
*u& avtriv , y\ axoij. Tsxprjgiov di ian xal ix r&v 
aAAwy immv Xafitiv, oti navTsXag siicp&agTog ion* 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XL PROBL. 1 — 6. Ill 

h UQXV T ^ diaXexxov. ActXti yag oidev x&p aXXtap 
£o)(OV, nXi)v apdgdmov, xal ovx*i de bipi noxe, xada- 
nig HQijrcti. — 2. (Cf. 4.) diet xl ol xcocpol ndpTtg 
diet xwv givoov cp&syyovxai; "JI did xo iyyvg ttpui 
xov iveol tlrai; ol de ivtol XaXovai did xwv givow. Tav- 
xtj yug aitiwp ixnlnxei xo nptv^ia, did to xotaxo^iaxh 
(itfivxspctt. Mtfivxaai de, oxi ov&h fig q^tov^v xg&P*- 
xcti xfi yXwxxy. — 3. Aid xl ftfyaXoipwvoi ndpxeg el- 
alp ol dsgjiol xrjp <pvoiv; "/I on arotyxrj xal aiga 
noXlp xal ipvxgov ip xovxoig Hvou; sXxei yag degfibv 
xal nvBVfia ngbg iavxb xal diga, xal nXela xo nXuov. 
*H de fjtydXrf qpw>*; ylvexai ip tw koXvp aioa xivtiv 
xal b$ua , ip tw xa^icog • fiaoiia ds , ?; (v tw figadeag. 
— 4. (Sup. 2.) Aid xl ol xcocpol nuvTtg did xwpgipwp 
qp&iyyopxai; "II did xb (liaioxigop nriiv xovg xw- 
<povg ; iyyvg ydg xov ipeol elrai eloi. Aiioxaxai ow 
xiap tiVxTTjQwv b nogog vnb [tovj nvevpaxog' olxoi* 
ovxoi de dia g'lvwp y&eyyopxai. — 5. (cf. 33.) dia xi 
tvijxowxtga xd xr t g pvxxog; "ll oxi fiulXop ygefiia, 
dia xr\p xov &eg/ioxdxov anovular' dib wg imxoixo- 
Xv uxagaxxoxega; b ydg yXiog b xivCtp. — 6. (cf. 20. 
et 47.) Aid xl noggw&tp al cpwpal blitegai doxovoip 
upai; Ol yovv fuijuov/nevoi xovg oqtodga noggca bpxag 
xal fiowpxag , o$i' qp&iyyopxai , xal b\uotov xolg uitr\- 
Xovoi' xal xrjg i)xovg 6'ivxegog (palrsxai o \poq?og. 
"JEoxi de nog (jo) • dpaxXdxai ydg. Ovxovp inel o$v 
pip iv yoyo* xb xaxv, figadv de xb pagv, edeifigadv- 
xigag noggu&tp cpalpeo&ai xdgqxapdg. Ta yag [/?/«] 
(ptgopspa ndpxa, figadvxegov yegexai, oc/w ap anixjl 
xqg agxng tiXuop , xal xiXog nlnxei. nbxeg ovp on 

Digitized by GoOgle 



112 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

oi fufiovpsvoi ifiwrjvfi ttj qxavy juifiovvTcti , xal Ac- 
nii\v vqv nog^a&ev qxavyv; Xsmrj ds fiaguauvv egtiv. 
Ovdi fiixgbv xal aftevrjvbv y&iyyso&m fiagv, aiX* 
b$v avayxi\. *H ov povov oi fitfiovftsvoi did tovxo 
/jufiovPTai , uXXa xal ol ipocpot, aviol o^vztgoi yivov- 
tcu; Aluov di, oil o at\g qxgofiwog, noiu tqv ipocpov 
xal bxrneg to ngazov ipocpu ToxivyaavTOvaiga, ovto) 
dti n a X iv noiTjoai tov, dig v. del uXXov xivovvza swat, 
to di , xivovfisvov, J 1 6 o ifjoyog arifxyq , oti ael 
exdtxticu xivovvxa xivwv, 1'iag dv aTionagav&T}, o inl 
twv atafiaTOJV iorl to nsouv , ozav fiyxhi dvvr\Tai 
(o&tiv o arjQ , ev&a fxh to fteXog , i'v&a 8i Toy oesget. 
K H ftiv ydg qxovrj ylvvtai *j ovvtxys > digog (a&ovfii- 
vov in digog* to di (SiXog (pignai, oafiaTog in digog 
xivovpsvov. 3 £vTotv&a fiiy ovv dtl to avTO cpigsrai, 
awfia , tug av xaTanioy, Exii di du tisgog ur t g. 

Kcti 7TQ0JTOV iXoiTTQ}, & (XI TOV fitV XlVklTOll , in tXaTTO} 

di • dio no (j goo o^visgoci xalXenioisgcu al a>(avaL To 
ydg &uttov , o\v , wontg xal diynogrfTai. SLo7isgi\ 
avTrj ahla, di yv xal oi ftiv naldtg (cf. 16.) xal ol 
MUfivovTsg o£v (p&iyyovTar ol di&vdgsg xaloi iyiai- 
vovTsg , ftagv. 7'o di Tolg iyyvg fit) inidtjXov uvat 
%%v qxovrjv , f) fiagvTtga? »} o^vTtgav ytvofiivtiv , xal 
oXtog pr{ hfioitag %xhv T0 *S gimopivoig fidgwiv, ai'uov, 
oti to fiiv giy&iv , iv al'Tiov cpignai usl to avio • u 
di yocpog, dyg ianv bidovyitvog vnb aigog. Aio xal 
to piy, tig ev nlitTW 7; di ywr], navrax^ ' worteg av 
si to $ia>&iv ttfia (pego/isvov, anugcog <d-gvq)&Hri, xal 
6xt &tg Tovmo&sv, — 7. Jta tl al vst]),icpu$ olxlai 
u«XXoy wovoiv ; '7/ oti paXXov uvdxXaoig yiveTai 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XL PROBL. 6 — 11. 113 

dia tt\v Xsioxtjxa; Xsibxtgat di, did xb dgQayig xal 
[to] ovvsxig. dti di py navxtXwg vygav , aX£ qdri 
SriQotv Xapftdveiv, Anb nyXov yag ovx I'anv ava- 
xXaaig, did xavxa ydg xal tit xovidpaxa fidXXop 
7]X^* 2vp$dXXtxai di I'oag xal rj axivrjoia xov digog. 
Id&goog ydglwv , fiaXXov aTzonXrjiTnai toy ngooni- 
nxovxa. — 8. did ti, idv rig tii&ov xalxsgdpiaxsvd 
xaxogvSy xal Tuofiaot}, paXXov i}x& xdolxypata' xal 
iav (pgiaQ r\ Xdxxog fj iv xfj oixlrx; [IfiT] on, insl 
avaxXaoig q rjxoi, del mgmXrjfifiivov d&goov ilvai 
xbv diga, xal i'xttv ngbg o uvaxXua&rjosxai , ngoo- 
itljixov nvxvbv xalXuov; Ovxoo ydg fidXioxa yxogyi- 
vsrai. T6 fxiv ovv cpgiag xal b Xaxxog, ex st T *l v <***- 
vbxt\xa xal xi\v a&goiaiv • ol di ni&oi xal xd xi~ 
ga/uta, xal xr\v nvxvoxrjxa iav nsgitxovxoov. "Slats 
i£ aficpoxigwv to ovfiflalvov. Kal yag xd xolXa /iaX- 
Xov i]X*i» did xovxo xal b x<*Xxbg paXioxa xw aX- 
Xtav. v Oxi di xaxogtogvypiva, ov&iv axonov • r\ yag 
(jpeay^ qdgsxai xaxa ovx yviov* "OXtog ds navtaxn 
doxu xal xvxXa (pigso&ai. — 9. did xl di pdXXov, 
iav xaxogvSy Tig, r\x&> V * av M » "&oi* nsgioxsyo- 
fieva fiaXXov tig avxd dixsxai xal xaxixu xbv diga ; 
avfifiaivsi di xal xr^v TiXriyr^v a<podgoxigav ylvto&ai. 
— 10. did xl xb vdtag to tyvxgbv ix xov avxov ay- 
yslov dia/sofiEPov, b£vTsgov noietxbv tyoyov ; "H bxi 
&dxT(av t) (pogd ; flagvTtgov yag. e Hdi &axx&v, o$v?- 
xsgov noiu xbv ipotpov. r fb ds &egpbv, xal x$ /xavot- 
xtjxt xal xr\ avayoga xovcpi&i. Jlagbfioiov ds, oxi 
xal al dadsg xaio^svai do&svtoxigavxt)V7TXrjyiiv not- 
ovoi. — 11. Jia xl xoTg qygvnvrixbow n <pavy *g<*~ 
Arist. Probl. H 

Digitized by GoOgle 



114 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

Xvxs'ga; "if dioxi vygoxsgop to owfia, did ifyp dns- 
yictv, xal ovx rpioxansgl xopavto xonov; dib xalfiu- 
gog iv ty xs<paXjj. e T/g6ir}iog is nsgl top (igoyxop 
ovorjg, dpdyxrj xal tgaxvxsgap slpai xrjp qpapqp. c II 
flip ydg igaxvxr^g, did xr\p dpapaXiap* f) de fiagvxrjg, 
did Typ sfi<pga£ip' (lagvisga ydg fj qpogd. — 12.^/ta 
il fisxd tit otxia, tdxioxa dnoggrjypvxai y qxupy / *I£ 
on xomofispog pep 6 tonog, ix&sgpaipsxai* &eg[iai- 
pofispog ds eXxei tr\p vygoir\ia ; UXsiatp ds aviri xal 
exoipoisga did tip itgoayogdp. — - 13. did li oi xXai- 
opisg, 6$v q>&syyopiai' olds ysXiopxtg, @agvj*Hoxi 
oi pip , oXiyopxiPovoi 7ipevfifir di do&spsiap' oi ds, 
oqpodgag • o noist taxv ysgso&cu to npsvpa ; to ds 
taxv, o£v. Xal ydg dno ovpiopov tov owpaxog $i- 
ntoifispop , taxv (pigs-ecu. € de ysXwv, tovvapiiop, 
dtaXsXvfiipcag' oi ds ao&spstg , o|i/* oXiyop ydg diga 
xipovoip* oi ds, imnoXijg. "Ext oi ph ysXwvxsg, &sg- 
fiop npsvpa dq>idaip • oi ds xXaiopxsg , Sansg xal tf 
Xvnt\ xaxdxpvlig ioxi\tov\ iotiov tov nsgl td oxri&rj, 
xal to npsvfia ipvxgoxsgop d<pidoi. To ftsp ovp &sg- 
fiop, noXvv asga xtvsl, wax* pgadsag qpsgso&ai ' to 
ds ipvxQOP , oXiyop. 2vft§aipsi ds tovxo xal inl i&v 
avXap. Oi ydg &sg(ioxig(o tip npsvfiaxi avXovrtsg, 
noXv (lagvxsgop avXovoip. — 14. Aid tl oi naldtg 
xal id aXXa xwp Swap id psa, oSvxsgop <p&iyyopiai 
t«k xeXsiap, xal tavta ii\g oSvxrjxog oq>odgoiaxi]g 
ovaijg;"lI rj qwprj ioxip digog xipr t oig, xal y ddxTotv 
6$vxsga / §aop ds xal &dxxop 6 oXlyog tov noXXov 
xipuxai drjg. Kipsltai ds, % ovyxgipopspog, ^ ^*a- 
*gipopspog vnb &sgfiov. *Ensl ds y m*v denpon ion 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XL PROBL. 11 - 10. 115 

ipvxgov eloaywyrj, ovyxgivoix &v iv aviy 6 iv iifuv 
arjg* 7] de ixnvor), -deg^ovxivyoavxog diga, yivoix* dv 
i) g)WV)j. Exnviovxeg ydg f ovx ugnviovxsg, ywovmtv. 
*Enel de xd via &tgp6xegd ioxi xwv ngea(2vxig<ov , xal 
iovg iv avtdlg npgovg oxevuxigovg tyst, iXdxxoi av 
diga fyouv iv havxolg. "Ovxog de xov xs xivovfiivov 
iXdxxovog , xal xov xtvovvxog &sgfiov nXtiovog iv 
avxo7g, &dxxov av di a^cpoo 7) xivtjoig yivoixoxov ae- 
Qog • % de ddxxov, olvcptavoxiga av tit), did xdngou- 
Q W i v(X .— 15. ( Cf# 13# j j ia T i ri xXaiovieg, Iti 
qdiyyovxai • ol de yiXwvxeg, fiagv,- "ll Sit ol [iev xXai- 
ovxeg, ovvxiivovxeg xal ovvdyovxeg to oxopa ywvovm; 
tjj ts dy ovvxovla xivutai xaxi 6 iv avxolg dr\g , xal 
tw 6ia oxsvov xovoxopaxog gof^fff^cu, daxxov yige- 
xat, di apq)(o ovv oSnayivexai rj qxoytj. Ol de ye- 
Xwvxsg, avivieg xbv xovov yeXwot, xal xefflvoxtg. *Ex- 
nifinovxeg ovv dice xovxo eigmg xal flgadeag xbv diga, 
tlxoxug pagvyuvovai. — 16. (cf. 34. et 62.) Aid xi 
oi ayovoi, olov 7ta7dsg r yvvatxeg, xal ol ^drjyigovxfg, 
xal ol eivovxoi, b$v y&iyyovxai- ol de dvdgtg f fiagv; 
H xa&dneg r\ yga^r t xal xd rlXXa Xenxd, tv didoxr it ua 
*Xei * xa de naxict, nXsla • ovxto xal f) Xenxi) cpwvri, Iv, 
fl TiXeioa ; Exovxinv ovv xwy ngosigrjfiivwv nvtvfM* 
uo&evsg r xivu avxia aiga oXiyov. °EXdxioxog diioxiv, 
o \v didoxrjfia extov • og soxai Xmxbg did xd ngoeigri- 
fuva. Kal t] an avxov qxavrj yivofdivr) xoiavxrj • rj 
de XenxTj qxovr], o'Sild ioxtv • ol fiev ovv ayovoi , did 
xccvxa 6$v<pa)voi tloiv • ol di avdgeg , ioxvovxtg Tf»» 
nvevpaxi, noXvv aiga xivovoi. HoXvg de wV, figaditag 
av xivolxo • xal Qaouav qmvyv noiil. *Enoiu yag 

H2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



116 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

r\ xs Xsnxi) xal xax*ict xivrjoig , b$s%av <pwi\v. *SLv 
ovdixsgov inlxov dvdgbg ovfi@aivsi ylvso&ai. — 17. 
(Cf. 56 et 61.) 4i&- t/ ai (pwval fiagvxsgai rjf/lv slat, 
xov x si P® v 0S ) "& oti naxvTsgog 6 di)g iaxi xaxs, xal 
o iv fjfiiv xal o ixxog; llaxvxigov ds ovTog, ftagvxs'ga 
fl xivijoig yivsxar woxe t) qxovt} flagvxsga. "En, invon- 

TlXtoXSgOl SopiV TOV jffif/UCOJ'Og 7] TOV &£QOVg, Xal XU- 

&svdofisv nXslta xgovov. *Ex de twv vnvtav (lagvTsgoi 
iofiev. Ev w ovv nXsiova XQOVOV xa&svdofASv r ( iygi)- 
yogapsv, (ovxog ds iaxiv o jjfgt/jwy) iv tovxm dv «IV 
utv pagvcpwvoxsgoi, )] f y w xovvaviiov, Tov ydg fis- 
t«£v rijg iysgosoag ovrog oXiyov XQ°' V0V > V & T( 5 
vnvto tzig ysvofisvt] , diapivsi ngbg ttjv xa&vnvcoaiv. 
~— 18. Aid ri in tw norm xal twv ifihuiv , xal iv 
rotg yvxtoi, ^agvxsgov q>&iyyovxai; " 11 did xr)v l/x- 
<pga$iv tov cpdgvyyog tr)v yivo\iivv\v vnb tov q>Xiy- 
fiaxog^ETUxaxaanaydg gtvfidxiov slg avxov xalxotg 
f.iiv b spsxog j} 6 noxog, xoig dsr) wga xal to ovfinXr}- 
gwfict, oxsvorsgov noisi tov yctgvyya. "Jlars (Igadv- 
xiga yivsTai 7) (pogd xov nvsvpaTog. e H ds ftgadua 
yoga, xal (tagsiuv noisi qxovrjv. — 19. Aid xi iyyv- 
&sv fih, 7) fiagvxsga fxaXlov i$axovsxai ' noggw&tv 
ds, t\xxov; H diori i\ ftagvxiga cpcovrj , nXslw fxsv diga 
xivti , ovx slg f.n)xog di; Jloggtadsv (isv ovv t}ttov 
dxovofisv , dioxi in sXaxxov xivslxai 9 iyyv&sv ds, 
ftdXXov , dioxi nXsitov Tjfuv dt)g ngog xb ctlo&qxrjgLOv 
ngoaninxsi, ' 11 ds o&Uce noggw dxovsxoti, bxi Xsnxo- 
xigaioxi, lb ds Xs7irbvxr)v slg firjxogavSrjoivl'xst. Asyov 
de dv Tig, bxi xal &dxx(ov iaxlv ij noiovoa avxr)v xipqoig. 
JUl'ij $ dv tovxo, si nvxvbv fih , oxwbv d* tit] to xi- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XI. PROBL. 17-22. 117 

vovv nvevfia tov aiga. "O , ts yag oXiyog, evxtvr)- 

Totegog iortv ayg • (xiphtcu yag oXiyog vnb tov 

otbvov) xal to nvxvbv nXslovg nXrjyag noiti , ai tov 

ipocpov noiovoiv. Iduv de ion, tovto inl t<$v cova- 

vav. At yag Xmxongat xogdal , o£vTsgai tlm , tcjv 

aXXtav tmv avtwv VTiagxovtwv ctvicug. — *-. 20. (cf. 6. ) 

Aia ti rj qpcovt] oSvTegayairsTouioig pctxgorsgb) acpe- 

ajt}x6oi, tov o&og ovtog iv tm taxing (pigeo&ai • to 

de fiaxgoTegto ytgofisvov, poadvxegov xivsttai/^IIoii 

y o^vrtjg Tijg qxovrjg, ov fiovov ioxlv iv tw T«/ewsxi- 

veia&ou , akka xal iv tw Xsmotcttov yoqtov yive- 

a&aiy tdtg de fiaxgoxigco ayeoxTjxooiv, del Xencoxiga 

f\ qxavr} acpixvelxai , dia ty\v oXiyoxrjxa tov aegogTOv 

xivovpivov. MocgafosTcu yag r\ xivrjoig. Magatvbfie- 

vog de 6 agi&ftbg , tig to IV fuev TsXevTa, owfict de sig 

diaoxrjfia IV, o ioxtv iv awfiaxi Xemoxrig. 'Ofioicag de 

[*«*] iv q)wvfj. — 21. Aia ri xal oi ysyvfivaopevoi 

xal oi aodevstg o£v q?&dyyovTai; n JIoTi oi fiiv aa#e- 

v&g, oliyov aega xivovoiv , b de bklyog tov nXeiovog 

&axTov cpigsTai* oi de yeyvfivaofievoi, loxvgtog xi- 

vovai tov dega. O de ioxvgug xivovpsvog otrjg, &ut- 

tov yegnai. To de xaxv iv cpogrx, iv qxavji 6$v ioxiv. 

— 22. (Cf. 46.) Aid ti Totg fAExa xd oixia xsxgayooiv 

7] gxavri diay&elgsxai; Kal ndvxag civ Xdoifj.iv tovg 

optovaoxovvxag , olov vnoxgixdg xoil xogevxag , xal 

Tovg otXXovg xovg xoiovxovg, eadev xe xal vnaxeig ov- 

Tag , Tag fteXexag noiovfievovg ; M H to diay&elgso&ai 

tt\v <pcjv7]Vy ovQev Ixzgov ion, rj tov totxov diacp&si- 

geo&at xatf ov to nviVfia dis^igx^Tai ; Alb xal oi 

Pgayxiwvreg diacp&eigovTai Tag qpwvag , ov tw to 

Digitized by GoOgle 



118 ARIST. PKOBLEMATA. 

nvavfia ybso&ai /itgov, o noiei xrjv <pwvi}v, aXXa r« 
iBjgaxvp&at xijv agxrjgiav. c Tn6 di xr\g &SQ(iao£a: 
tr\g oyodgag fiaXiota xgaxvvtadav niyvxtv 6 toTrag 
ovxog, dioxal ovd-' ol nvgixxovxig , ovxs ol ocpodna 
mnvgs^oTsg, si&vg ftsxaxrjv avioiv xov vvgexov c<dsi* 
dvvavxai. TergaxvvTcu yag 6 q>agvy$ avidlg* did 
it\v &sgfiiaoiar. *Anb di xwv oixiwv slxog elvcu xb nvei- 
pa, xal noXv xal &sg(tov. To di xoiovxov, svXpyov 
taxi die$iov, kXxovv xs xul xgaxvvuv xr\v agxyglav. 
Tovxov di avfiftaivovxog, uxoxcag rj (jpwj.?} diay&eigE- 
-tai,. — 23. (cf. 51.) Aia xi, sl'nsg t\ (pcov/j iaxiv d?jg 
tig ioxmjiaxtonivog xal yegopsvog, diaXvsxai noXXd- 
xig xo oxijfia • r) di fato , ij yivexcti nXrjyivxog to0 
xoiovxov ngog xv oxsgjbv, oi diaXvsxat, avxtj , aXXa 
ouywg uxoiofisv aix^g/ x H Sxi drdxXaoig ioxiv,dXX 3 
oi xaxdxXaoig; ovxu di to & oXov dtcifiivu, xal dvo 
pigr} ofxoiooxrjfiova c| aiiov yhtxai' ngog o/xoiav 
yagywviav ioxlvrj uvdxXaoig. Aio xal ofioia yivtxai 
\ J VS VXOvg cpovrj xy i$ dgtfjg. — 24. Aiu xi T&v/uiv 
uXXtav £<ocov Ta via xal vyma , b$vxegov (p&syyovxui 
twv xdeicov, ol di jiooxoi, , ftagixsgov xav xt/U/cov 
fiowv; *Hoxi iv ixdox(p yivu xb vfjmov ofxoiov tart 
tw iv avx<o d-yXu; x&v /Sow* di at &>]Xeiai , (tagvxt- 
gov y&iyyovxai xwv agghcov • ol di pooxot, xavxatg 
ofioioxsgoi eioiv, rj xdlg aggeoc xa di aXXa , xoivav- 
xiov. — 25. Aid xi oxav dxvgco&uoiv al ogxyoxgat, 
i)xxov ol xogol ysyoovaaiv,- "h did xyv xgaxixyxa 
ngoaninxovoa rj qxovrj, oi ngog Xuov xdl'dayog, ?Jt- 
iov yivBxai fiia- wax iXdxxoov; oi yagovvtxyQ."Jlo- 
™ Q xal xb <pwg M xw Xeitov palXov [cfahti,] diet xo 

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SECTIO XI. PROBL. 22-27. 119 

0J]{ uy SiaXap/iavso&ai xdlg ipnodi&voi. — 26.z/*cc t/ 7to- 
■«««■ T * C°3 "^ » o'ray £t£ nvg ifipirj&rj , yocpu; "// on o 

r ^ B «AS V/QOV l/£t 01/ 7roXl5* V7IO TOV &SQfilOV ixTXVSV- 

■^ fiaxovfievov , xal fiict ixnlnxov , oxi&i ibv iiXa; xo 

• de ox&ofisvov anav ipoqpei. — 27. Aid xi note xiav 

nouditov tvia, nglv i\x*iv xr\v ifXixiav iv y oaqprjvi&iv 

r ; ; wga avxoig , (f&ey^dfxeva xaloaywg tuiovxa, ndXiv 

; opoiwg didyovoiv , t(og av eX&rj 6 ei(odu)g xqovos ; 

j 1l 3»j aoAJlot xegaxa vo[ii£ovoiv ilvai. "}ldi} d' evia 

^ Xeyexaixal tv&vg yiv6j.ieva qp&iySao&at. "ll ozi&g 

f fiiv inntoXv xd nXeloa xs xwv ytvo^iivdav yivexai xaxd 

; . cpvaiv; dib oXlyoig xovxo ovfi^aivti, xal qtvosi ttftaxa- 

. xaXXyXa xeXeiovxar dib xal axovu xt dpa xalcpcovtl, 

j xal guWtjat xaxa xj\v dxorjv, xal Xeyu xal oacptjvi'Cei. 

j Ovfirjv dXXd noXXdxig ovx ditagxi'Qy xd aura* aM« 

i xd /ify, lim'^tft.TrooTeooi' ?; xovxo xb fiogiov anoXv- 

dijvai w tiiaXiyexai * to7$ fls, xoivavxlov. Tavxu jxh 

ovv ovx av diaXex&eir) ovvtx&g* (a ^ao dv axovowoi, 

bhaXiyovxai) dXX° oxav yxrj xctigbg dfKpdlv , anodi- 

doaoi to xaxa cpvaiv. *Oaoig [dej tfmgoo&ev f] xaxd 

xr\v dxorjv ala&ijaig diaxgiftovxai iv xjj ipvxjj w ttqoj- 

xo) xivovoi xr}v optavipf xal 7toiova x i Xoyov, xovxoig 

ivioxe yivsxaif rjdri Svvieioi noXXd, xal dvvapig xigxov 

fiogiov xal dnoXvatg , fiaXibxa fiev find vnvov xivd. 

Tovxov tf' ai'xiov, bxi vJtvog, xalxd otafiaxavm^go- 

xtga noiu , xal xa fiogia , dvanavaag • el ds 

py, xal aXXyv (iBxafioXriv Xaftovxa xotctvTr}v. IIoX- 

Xd ds %x o pw xoiavxa noiuv , a (iixgwv delicti 

xaigav • xunsixa ovx Ixt, bfiolag exei , oxav ov- 

xw xvxy *b fiogiov fyov xal clnoXv&ev oxav im- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



120 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

noXrig $ iv rjj txlo&qaet, tav ixivtj&fj didvoia , xocxu 
%rp dxorjv xovxo iTiavrjX&s xal i(p&ey£axo. IToXXd- 
xig dexalpeXtj xal grjfiaxa inegx&xai ovx ex ngoatigi- 
ottos fjfiv aXfi iav xb ng&xov ngoeXofitvpi elnojfxev, 
voxegov avev ngoaigeoetag Xiyofiev , 1} oi'dapev , xal 
ov dvvavxai ix xov oxofiaxog i&X&div. Ovxco xal 
tdlg naidioig , Stay ovfijSrj tovto Xenxbv , elxa ndXw 
xaxaoxfi dg x*]v cpvoiv ixeivo to fiogtov, twg av rj alga 
eX-fry ioxvoai aixb xal uTioxgc&ijvai. — 28. Aia ti 
svia ipoyu xal xive1xaii£ai(pj>iig, oiov xaxi/Staxia, ov- 
dtvbg aio&rjxov xivovvxog • xaixoi xguxxov yeyove to 
xivovvxov xivovjiivov ; c de avxbg Xoyog xal (p&ogag 
xal yjjgag. c Tnb avaio&rjxov yag cpddqtiai xa Xe- 
yofjisva, VTtb xov xgovov, ndvxa.*II opoiov xovxo xolg 
axaXayfiolg xal xolg vno xaiv ixcpvo^xeviav algopivois 
Xl&oig; Ov yag to xeXevxatov al'gu % xwei, aXXdxo 
avvtxtg, *£nl de xovxov avve^rj, avaio&yxov ovxog, 
alo&tjirjv yiveo&ai xr t v xCv^oiv. Ouuo de xal to ne- 
Qisxopevov, alo&yjxolg xgovoig xivetxav, xal diaigti- 
xai elg avalo&tjxa. Tw de navxl xal owsxh, hi- 
vTjoe xal eq>&eige. 2vvfx&$ de ioxiv , ovx iv iw vvv, 
aXt iv tw togioftevcp XQ^vm vnb tov vvv. — 29. ( C{. 
44.) Aid ti ol x^o^uevoi fjxxov dxovovoiv,'"Hoxt 
tov i$iovxog nvevpaxog iv xy xuopjl noXv , xal ii£ xa 
wia xwg& eow&ev, woxe xal xfj aio&rioei inidyXov eU 
vaixrjv xlvrjoiv rjv noiet negl xrjv dxorjV fidXuxa d' 
ix xS)V vnv(ov;'0 de ipocpog, arjg, i) ndd og degog ioilv, 
Avxntalovxog ovv [tov] eoco&ev, eioegxexai 6 eSa&tv 
V>o<pog, xal vnb x^g XLvr t oecog xal xov efafrev ipocpov 
ixxgovsxai r\ xivrjoig. — 30. Aid xl loxvoqxavoi nul- 

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SECT10 XI. PROBL. 27-32. 121 

deg \ovxeg] uuXXov, fj avdgtg,- £ H~\ coansg xal twv 
Xsiqcov xalxuv nodtov dtl rjxxov xgaxovov Ticudtg bv- 
teg , xal boot iXdxxovg oi dvvavxai fiadi&w , bjiotoog 
xal xr\g yXmxxr\g oi vtmegoi ov dvvavxai; iav denav- 
tdnaoi fiixgol taoiv, ovde (p&eyyeod-ai dvvavxai, aXl* 
?] clan eg xd d-r^gia, did xb fit} xgaxttv. jEitj d' dv ov 
fiovov inl %ov loxvoqxivov, dXld xalxgavXolxalyel- 
XoL C H [iiv ovv xgavXoxrjg , tw ygdpfiaxog xivog ftrj 
xgaxuv, xal xovxo ov xb tv#oV. c /i de \ptXX6xr\g, tw 
£$aigtivxi, rj ygdfifia, ^avXXa^r\v. C H de ioxvoqxavia, 
ccno xov fi7) dvvao&ai xaxv ovvdipai xr\v exegav ovXXu- 
pijvngbg xijv kxigav, **Anavxa de di ddvvafiiav. T§ ydg 
diavoia ov% vTtrjgtxii fj yXtoaoa, Tavxb de xovxo xal 
oi fit&vovxsg naoxovai , xal oi ngsofivxat • i\xxov de 
ndvxa ovfifiaivei. — 31. did xl y qxovij xgipsi xal xd>v 
aytovuovx(ov,xal xtavdedioxtovpllbxiaeiexairjxagdiaxov 
-fregfiov i$iovxog; *A[Mf>oxegdxig de ndoxovaixovxo, Kal 
yagxdlgay(ovLwoiovfi^aivii } xalxi)igq)o^ovfievoig.^BiO' 
uivr\g de, ov yivexai fiia i] TtXrjyrj , dXXa nXetovg, wff- 
neg y x&v iiagavevevgiogievwv xogdwv. — 32. (cf. 36. 
et 53.) Aid xl oi fiev aywviavxeg , fiagv qp&eyyuvxai' 
oi de (poftovfisvoi, o£u; "// oxi xolg fiev qpofiovfiivoig, 
xaxaipvxnat o xonog b ntgl xqv xagdiav , xdx(o bg- 
fibivxog xov dsgfiov* woxs bXlyov aega xivovaiv ; rj 
ydg loxvg iv to* &tgfi(a • xolg de avco (pigsxai xb &eg- 
fibv , tiomg xotg aioxvvofiivoig. ji aiaxvvrjv ydg 
[xal] dyavuaoi. Tdlg de aloxvvopivoig av<o cpigexai 
ngbg xb ngoaoMOV. Sypiiov de, oxi iSegv&goi yl- 
vovxai pdXXov. 2vviy\xu ovv xal naxvv nonl xbv 
diga, w (p&eyyovxar o de xotovxog, ^gadicog^detxai. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



122 AK1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

to de figadb iv (pwvjj, {3agviotiv. — 33. (cf. 5.) Aid 
%i tvrjxomiga r) vi/£ xr)g r)[ttgag iou; TIotsqov w<j- 
ntg Ava$ayogag yrjol, did to Tr)g fiev rjfisgag, oi&iv 
xat tpocpup tov aega &eg[iaiv6fievov inb tov r)Xlov • 
tt t g devvxTog, yivxlav i'xeiv, die ixXeXoinoxog tov 
•frsQfiOv ' elvai de fidXXov d»ovoTov fiirjd-evbg ovtog 
yoyov; II dton did tov xtvtaxegov udXXov dxovoTov 
ioxiv , i) did tov nXrjgovg. "Eqti de Trjg ftiv 
rjptyag^o dr)gnvxvbg, dxeneTxXrigomevogvTibTov <j>oj- 
Tog xal tuv vxtIvw • Trig de wxxbg, agaioxsgog, did 
to antXr t Xvd-(vai i£ avxov to nvg xal Tag dxrlvag, 
oitificiTct ovxec. II oxi Trjg fiiv r)fiegag , to, o cop ax a 
ngbg noXXd t*)v didvoiav eXxei* dib oix evxgivig 
ioxi ngog ttjv axorjv ; xal to ngaxxeiv ^ua§ ndvxa, 
pdXXov sv'ti] yfiega rj Ttj vvxxl, xal avxd negl Tag 
nga&ig iaxL Xmgio&eioa de ai'o&rjoig diavoiag, xa- 
ddxeg dvaio&r)xov novovlxei, oiansgel'grjTatTo, vovg 
og$ r xal vovg axovei. NvxTog de Trjg oipecog dgyov- 
orjg, xal Trjg diavoiag fiaXXov r]gefiovor]g 9 b Tr)g dxovg- 
Tiogog (fiaXXov) dvewyfievog , xa&dnsg Trjg ftfiegag, 
dsxTixog fiiv iaTi twv r\x^v bfiolcog , i$ayysXTix6g ds 
fxaXXov tji diavoice, did to prjxe aixr)v ivegyuv, pij& 3 
vno Trjg oifJStognagevoxXsio&ai, xa&dneg xal Trjg r)(*i- 
g<x$* — 34. (cf. 16.) Aid tl ol dyovoij olov natdeg 
xai ywalxeg, xal ol rjdrj yigovTeg y ttal ol eivovxoi, 
olv y&iyyovTai • ol de avdgeg , (lagvTegov ; ffl] 
di ao&eveiav tov xivovvtog fiogiqv tov dega^OXiyov 
yag to do&eveg xivsl. c O de oXtyog, Taxv qpegexar 
to divaxy (pegofiwov, 6$v. "lldioTi g nogog b ttow- 
TOff, di ov % q>w Vr ) qiigstai, Tolg fiiv dyovoig (uxgog- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SKCT10 XI.-PROBL. 33 — 38. 123 

mots oXiyov i$ avzov to a&ovv tov dsgof oXlyog ds 
wv, raxv (peghicci di svgsog tov aVo> qpdgvyyog' ax- 
fia'Covoi ds xotl avdgovjuivoig duaiottai ovtog , womg 
xoil inl rovg ogx^ig ' Sots xal nXtiuv iaxh o u&ov- 
t*svog. BgadvTsgov ovv duatv, fagvg yivttou. — 35. 
Aio\ %i ol iaxvocpiavoi ov dvvavToti diotXiyso&cu (iixgov; 
* X II oil Vo/ovicd tov (pavstv, ifinodi'Covzog tivoq; oix 
Vorjg dsloxvog olds' bpoiag xivrjoetog , py ifinodiZov- 
to? T6 ti\v xlvrjoiv firfitvog, xalifmodi^ovTog, /5toaa- 
o&at, dsl. ' H ds qxoyrj xivrjoig iaTi* uu£ov ds q?$iy- 
yovTcti fidXXov ol tiJ laxvi XQW{J.evoi. "jla% intl 
dvdyxrj a7iopiu£eo&cu to xtuXvov , dtdyxrj pst'Cov 
y&syyso&aiTovgioxvoopwvovg, — 36. diauds uyw- 
viwvrsg juev, fiaXXov iaxvocptovoi ylvovToti • iv ds Talg 
fii&atg tjttov ;"H oti anonXrjUag ofioiov ion to nu- 
&og fxsgovg Tivbg twv ivtbg, o txdvvonovai xiviiv, ip- 
nodiZovxog diet ty\v xaToupv$iv; c O ftsv ovv olvog, (J>u- 
aft dsgfibg wy, Xvsi ti)v xaTaipv$iv fi&XXov • i\ dsuyw- 
vla f noisi. &uftog ydg Tig i] ayovia • 6 ds qpofiog, 
TtondyvSig. —>- 37. diet tI sSw&ev tig Tag oixiag 
slaaxovSTotL fiaXXov , rj soco&sv t$w/ "if on law- 
&tv 6 xpocpog diot to otxavsg tlvui diuonaToa • 
feidTC oix Ixavbv i'xaoTov psgog dxovo&i}vut> , V 
7)%Tov; s'zw&sv ds law tig ilunw iotiov xal ds- 
gct laiwra, 77 quavrj ftadi^ovoa , d&goa lgx*Tcti' 
wots ftsiCwv ovou, xgovttai paXXov. — 38. Jtd tI ol 
toxvocpcopoL iisXayxoXixoi ,* H ot* to t$ <pavTaol<f dxo- 
Xov&uv Tctxicog , to ptXayxoXixbv tlvcu ioxlv ; ol de 
loxvoqxovoi, Toiovtotr ngnsgu yotg v\ og\ir k tov Xs- 
yuv TfjslWcx/uws avTolg, wg&uTTov dxoXov&ovotig 

Digitized by GoOgle 



124 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

trig tyvxvs *$ qxxvivTi. Kal ol xgavXol ds waavrtag. 
Sgaxvxsga y**Q ra l*ogia rolg xoiovxoig xavxa. 2^- 
(iuov di* oivwfiipoi ydg , xoiovtot ylvovxai , bxs n<x- 
Xioxa rot? qxxivofiivoig dxoXov&ovoi, xai ov tw oi'vco. 
— 39. Aid xi xd ngdoa ovfi(pigsi ngbg evcpaviav, 
insl xal xolg nsgd£iv;*Hbu xdoxogodas(p&d, Xsal- 
vei* xd ds ngdoa, yXusxgoxrja *#£* xivd y gvuxixov 
ds xov ydgvyyog. — 40. Aid xi xd (xev aXXa o£i/t£- 
gov cp&syyovxai , cyodgoxsga ovxa' o dsav&gMTiog, 
do&ev&v; "lldioTt, iXdxxco xivii dega; ovxog ds xaxv 
dtsgxsxai. To de xaxv, 6$vv noisl xbv yoyov. — 41. 
(Cf.48.) Aid xl axovovai paXXov xaxixovxsg %0 nvev~ 
pa, rj ixnviovxeg; Aib xal iv taXg dygctiq nagayyel- 
Xovoiv kavxolg, firj nvevoxiyv. Hoxsgov oxi to aia&rj- 
-tixov avco i'gxttou aigofiivwv Tew cpXsfiwv ; xafttvdov- 
xcov ydg, xdxto * dio xctl fiaXXov xs ixnviovoi xa&sv- 
dovxsg , ij ugnviovoi, xctl dv7\xool iloiv. H xctl xo 
alfia avigxerai ixnsnvevxoxog * cootc xwovxai xa 
uvia y dxovovai ds xw xevw. "H oxi o cpvoiaopbg, ipo- 
(pogxig ioti ; ovxog ds ivxa sxnvCiv yivopsvog , xw- 
Xvsl dxovEiv. — 42. Aid xi &dxxov psv yjoyovoi xctl 
nridioMV oVxXsg oljxixgol, (idfa ds qoyovaixalnridwoiv 
ol nsydXoi;"Hdioxi, ol (tev, xaxv ox'&ovxai, did t»)v 
(iixgoxTjxa • ol de, pgadiwg. "Exovai ydg noXv, o du 
dieX&e7v xm nvgi. Mei£ov ydg sgyov, xo pu£ov <5ta- 
oxiocu, ?] to fiixgov. Woysl ds 6 fiev pixgbg, pixgov • 
(^ ydg nXriyi) , fiixgd) 6 de n*i£(av, fisydXa' (isyaXt) 
ydg rj nXrjyij, *0 ds ipocpog, TtXtjyrj iaxi. Kal Ttijdc} 
difidXXov to loxvgoxsgov, dv 7tXYjyjj • yxxov yag 6V- 
didmat. — 43. j L d xi,idv elg noXv nvg ippdXXy tig 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XI;PROBL. 38-46. 125 

to avtb [iiytdog dXog, tjttov ipoysi, fj ov yocpu; ™H 
oiicp&avtixajccxctv&tlg nglv oxio&fjvai; Kaistai piv 
yag, 1$ to vygov avaX(a$r)vai • ipotpei ds , xm oxi- 
o&r\vai. — 44. (cf. 29.) did ti oi xaofitofiwoirittov 
dxovovoiv ; M H btt to nvsvpa ivanoXaft/5dvovoi; *o di 
dnoXafiflavofiivov nvsvfia, mgl rot wta d&goto&iv, 
xmXvsi dxovsiv. 2r]fisiov di • iv yag tdlg wol ipocpog 
yivstat otav ##(7/^a&^us#a. *Exi di xal (pcovrj tig 
yivstat twv ^wa/zw^fiVcov. Tovto di xtoXvtixbv tov 
dxovsiv xal oviinis&o&cu dvayxalov Tag dxodg, 
diaonoafiivov tov oiofiatog, — 45. diet ti ti\g qxavrig, 
insidr) gvaig tig ion , qpvoiv ixovaqg Ixyw (pigeo&ai, 
fxoiXXovJottv sw\xoog avw&sv xdta, i] xatcadsv avto; 
% H oTt v\ (p(0V7j , a rig tig iati (is& vygov , S. qpcorra* 
xaTfi) xal ovx avco; tov yag vygov xatd qpvoiv i) xd- 
T(o cpogd. dio tdlg xdtoa fidXXov dxovstai, ™H tovto 
(isv xrnb t^g tov fcaot/ anovfjg fiovov yivstai • [«vtij 
yag (istf vygovj] To di ovfifiatvov iott xal inl 
tb)v aXXoav ip6<pcov; xa&dnsg ovv i] cipig , idv (uv 
avw&sv xat(o ngoonsorj, tr)v dvdxXaoiv dva noisitai, 
xata&sv di dva ngoonsoovoa, avtxXdo&rj xdtaa • tov 
avtbv tgonov % qxovrj y q>voiv fyovoa aVft) q>sgso&ai>, 
ngoaxoipaoa tw i$ havtiag aigt , ftid&oxtai piv ov 
dvvatat, nXsiova o-vta xal fiagvtsgov • dvaxXao&slg 
ds o xivrj&slg drjg inl toivaviiov, rprex*}*! xdta, dio 
xataxsofisvog , dxovstai xdt(o fidXXov. Toiovto ds 
xal to nsgl tr\v rjx^ ovfiftalvov iotlv, dvdxXaoig ty\g 
qxovijg inl tovvavtiov. — 46. (cf.12.) did ti ps&v- 
6vt(ov paXXov dnogQtjyvvtai % qxovij , r\ vr\cpovto)v ; 
*H diet to mnXrjgwo&ai, Taxing dnoggrjyvvaoi tr\v 

Digitized by GoOgle 



126 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

(pavjjv ; Uriiiuov ds tovtov ovts ydg oi /ogol psXe- 
twoiv i$ agiojov , ovts ol vnoxgixotl, allot vtjoxsig. 
*Ev ds xjj fid&ii , nXngsoxtgot, ovxsg , svXoyoog jidXXov 
anoggrj/vvvtou rug yawdg* — 47. Aid ti tiqts twv 
6£vTsg(ovq>G)VO)v nog$(axsgov dxovovoiv/ x H dioxi xb o£u 
(v qxavfitaxv ioTi; -fraTTOvdiicwHTai t« piaftciXXov (ps- 
gofitva* rot dsocpodgoTegovfpsgoiAevct, iTtlnkiov <pige- 
icti. — 48. (Cf. 41.) Aid tl xctxsxovxsg to nvsv/ia 
liaXXov dxovofis^,' '■& 0T * V dvdnvsvvig yjocpov Tivd 
nagixu. Eixottag ovv tots fiaXXov dyovo/usv , oxav 
i'jTtw 6 ipoyog ]j. "Hxxav ydg 6 ipo(pog, bxotv xotxi- 
XWfiSV i6 nvsvfia. — 49. (cf. 58. et 25 r 9.) Aid rl to 
fisv qpoog oi diBgxtioti diet to)v nvxvwv , Xstixotsqov 
ov, xotl 7t6g§(0 ov, xotl &Sttov b ds ipoq>og, dtsgjfcuxi; 
"H diou to f*ev q>S>g, xotx ei&sictv cpigsrar (dioie, av 
dvucpgdty ti T7;v sv&vcogiotv , oXwg djioxixXsiaxai) b 
ds \p6(pog qpigixm xal otix ev~&v 9 diet to Ttvsvfiot el- 
voli; Aibnavxoix^d'svipoqpovvxog dxovoftsv, xotlovpo- 
vov Ttav xax ev&vwgictv rolg mot. — 50. (cf.13.) Aid 
ti noTS oi fxh ysXavxsg , flagv (pd-iyyovxat * ol ds 
xXotlovug , o$i5; "h dioxi anb xwv ovvtovmv 6%sia y 
(poavij; to ds o£v iaxiv ao&svsg.^Afiqxo ds xotvza fidX- 
Xov Tolg xXaiovoiv vndgxu* Kal ydg ovvTsxavxat 
fiaXXov ol xXctlovTsg , xotl do&svioxsgoi slot, — 51. 
did xi, slnsg t) <p(avr] dyg Tig ioxrifiaxiofiivog taxi, ops- 
QOfievr} diotXvsxctt noXXdxig to oxripot • y ds 7}%<a, i\ yi* 
vsxoti nXriysvrog tov toiovxov ngog ti oxsgsovy ov 
diaXvtxat, dXXd aotq>wg dxovoftsv ;™H dioxi dvdxXotaig 
ioxiv, ovxctTc(xXo!oig;TovTo dioXovdcp oXowshaxb7xd- 
&og agf bpoiov. 3 Anb ydg tov digog avaxXafaiivrw^ 

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SEcVlO XL PROBL. 47—55. 127 

xolXq, ovh ano tov xoiXov. — 52. (Cf.i9,2.) 4t,u ti 
kvog T8 xal noXXwv <p&tyyo[iiv(ov afta, ovts Vaog o 
y&oyyog, ovts inl nXslov ysycovooiv, &g xata Xoyov, 
slg to nogga ; >X II on txaotog tov xa& 3 avtov aiga 
ttqooj&bI, dXX* ovtbv avtbv,nXriv inl fiixgov^Ofioiov 
ds ovfiftalvsi, wonsg av si noXXol fisv slsv oi (laXXov- 
teg , txaotog pivroi Xi&(p ktsga , rj o% ye nXiiotoi. 
Ovts ydg sxtl nogg(o&tv ov&sv a(pl£eicu ftiXog , *>} ov 
xata Xoyov, ovts ivtav&a. Ov yap hog i\ roaavtf] 
xpcovrj, dlXa noXXtov. 3 Eyyv&sv [tsv ovv xona Xoyov, 
noXXrj (paivstav ^ (pcovrj. Kal yag @sXi\ nXtito tsv- 
$ttat tov avtov* noggco&sv ds, ovx i'u. — 53. (Cf. 
32. et 36.) dia ti aycoviojvtsg [tsv, pagvttgov qptfs'y- 
yovtai* <po($ovfASvoi ds , o$vtsgov; Kaitoixaly al- 
dwg yoftog tig iouv. * H diacpigsi noXv to nd&og ; 
oi fiev yag aidovpsvoi, igv&giiooiy' f\ ds ayavia, cti~ 
oxvvrj rig iativ • 61 dh <po/5ov(ievoi, (uxgtcoor cpavsgov 
ovv Sit totg (isv qpofiovfisvoig ixXsinei iivw&sv to &sg- 
fjiov (wots xivsl dadsvsg ov, oXiyov dsga tbnvtvfia % 
to dsbXiyov, taxv (psgstai • to dhsv qxovfj taxv, to 
o£i/) Tolg di f ttidov/nsvoig t avoa sgx^tai to &sg[ibv nsgl 
td otij&f]. Sr^tiov di, on, yivovtat i$igv&goi. JJoXvv- 
ds xiv ii dsga f\ noXXq dvvafug* To ds noXv, (igadstag 
(pigsjcu. To is (Sagv iv qxovjj, pgadi. — 54. (cf. 
GO.) /tidtUoxvocptavoiyivovtai^IIaXttov y xatdipv- 
&g rov tbnov w (p&iyyovtat, jjj wan eg dnonXtjSla tov 
uigovgtovtov iativ ; dib xal -dsgiiavvoftsvoi vno ol- 
vov xal tov Xiysiv ovvsx&g , §aov ovvsigovoi tov Xo- 
yov. — 55.^*a tifiovovtav aXXav &v>v vtv&gtanog yi- 
vetai loxvoytavov; *H oti Xoyov xoinnvii fAovovttx ds 

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128 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

aXXa, qpoovijg; oldsioxvoyawoi, qpavovoi piv, Xoyovdi 
ov dvvavxai ovvrigsiv. — 56. (cf. 17. et 61.) diaxi 
xov fiiv xsiftwog , o£vxsgov <p&eyyovxai , xal vijqpov- 
xsg* &igovg da, xal (is&vovxsg , /Sagvxsgov* H oxi 
6$vxiga fiiv ioxiv , f) xaxvxiga • xaxvxiga di iaxiv , y 
uno avvxexaftivov qxovrj • Tcov di v^apovx^v , xal iv 
Tw^ftjuww, Ttf ootfiuxa ovvioxrjxs fiaXXov, rj pzd-vov- 
xmv, xal iv tw &igu. To yag &sg[ibv, xotl ai aXiat, 
dtvtXvtt, xd oobfiaxa. — 57. did xi y qxovrj voxaxov 
xeXeiovxai xdlg av&gomoig xwv qt&syyofiivav ; H 
dioxi nXtioxag e'xsidiaa>ogdg xal tl'drj; xd ydg aXXa 
Jc5a, ?; ov&kv ygdfifia, jj oXiya diaXiyovxai, To di 
noixtXwxaxov xal nXeioxag exov diacpogdg , dvdyxri 
iv nXslaxco XQovw dnoTeXeto&ai. — 58. did xi r\ fiiv 
oipig ov dtigxsTou did xwv oxsgmv , f) di (pwvri dug- 
%txai ;*Hoxi xijg fisv *6ifJStog f pia yoga r\ xax ev&iiav 
(aijfislov di cuts xov fjXiov dxxtveg , xal on i$ ivav- 
liag fiovov ogtopev) xijg di qxavrig noXXai ; axot'o- 
fifv ydg navxaxo&EV. "Oxav ovv xaXv&jj xax ei>- 
&nav ixnmxuv, diet xb /i») x«t aXXrjXovg elvai rovg 
nogovg, advvaxsl diogyv. c O di afjg xal y cptovt], «w 
navxaxov qpsgofzivrj, didnavxbg dianinxuxalaxovs- 
xau Ev di xotg vygotg, ai fiiv oyttg diogwoiv 
at di qxoval , ovx dxovovxat , tj fioXig , Xcrcto- 
xigov oixog xov vygoy , ij xr^g yi\g , oxt ol no- 
goi fiixgol xal xax* dXXrjXovg, c, Jloxe ov xooXvetoii 
t] oijjig (v&vcogeiv. dia xovxo xal dia fiiv xyg veXov 
diogaxai, nvxvrjg ovor^g* dia dixov vag&rjxog, agaiov 
ovxog , ov diogaxau v Exi xijg piv ol nogoi, xaxaX- 
XrjXoi' Twy ds, nagaXXaxxovxtg. Ovdiv 5' oysXog 

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SECTIO XL PROBL. 65 — 60. 129 

iivat (*tydXovg t idv fif] xax iv&nav tooiv. < HdB 
(ftovi) ovx dxovsTai, on iXaxToa t« didxtva tit iv tw 
vdaxnov digog* wore oi dvvajai de'xeo&ai, ovdifitl- 
~vai Ti\v qxavriv, dXXd fioXig y fisra (potvitf. *H ydg 
qxovi], dr\g Tig, Ov ydg anav to fiavojTtgov f dn- 
xTtxwTsgov, av [ty xal oi nogoi (ooiv agpoTTOVTtg to} 
dtiivti, "p-or ovdi owsxTixoottgov tig avTo , av py 
dtXTixol woiv oi ndgoi t&v owfioawv. KaLtoi to 
[xavbv, paXuxov 9 xal dvvdpevov rig uvto ovvtivai, 
*AXt zvia xwXvsTOti did %$v pixgotriTa twv nogwv, 
olov f( veXog' TctvTTjg ydg [ov~\ uvvdyovtai, payo)- 
Tsgag ovorjg tov vug&yxog , diet tijv rigrjpivTjv al- 
tmxv. 'Opoiag ds xal to v6(og, xal bV ti aXXo toiov- 
iov, c SIot8 xal t68s qpavsgov , diori tov pavov xal 
fiaXaxov, % tovtov ovtog, rj naganXfjoiov tr\v <p%- 
cw , oi to fiavcoTsgov pdXXov ovvdysTai tig avTo, 
*H ydg avji] alua ndvToav, — 59. did t/ yivsTUL 
iXdjjwv per r\ cpwvr) iSaigovpiviov, bpoia de tov #a- 
QaxTi/JQa; *R oxi ifiipixxo avToig; to ds [Aspiypevov, 
ov tjj fAsv ioTijTji dk ov, dXXot navvy, c Ofioi(og ovv 
navTaxo&tv i^aigovfxhxav, owdgxeiai Ofiolwg. "Jlors 
tXarTov tc ivdyxtj xal Spoiov tlvai, — 60. (cf. 54.) 
Aid tI ioxvoywot, yivovTai; noTsgov did &tg[i6tr)tct 
7igontTiojegol eloiv; wots ngoanxaiovtsg inloxov- 
oiv, Sonsg ol vgyi£6(i6voi. Kal ydg ovtoi nXygtig 
So&fjLatog yhvovxai, HoXv piv ovv to nvsvpa ovp- 
fiaivu. ["H] did ttjv &W tov degpov aa&fiaivov- 
oi, did to noXi) tlvat xok prj y&dvuv vnthhv tw ttJs 
dvaKvortg xalgw ;"H (idXXov Tovvavtiov xaTayvSig V 
<&tg(i6T7ig tov Tonov « (p&iyyovtat, wentg dnonXy 
Akist. Probl. ' 

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130 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

$/a xov fiigovg xovxov ; dio xal &6gfiaiv6iisvoi vnb 
olyov xal xov Xiysiv owsx&g, §aov ovvsigovoi xb* 
Xoyov, — 61. (cf. 17.) dice ri tov XHfiavoe ai qpw- 
val fiagvxsgai; "H bxi naxvxegog 6 drig; na%vxigov 
ds ovxog, pgadvxiga r\ xivtjoig* aa& i\ qxavi) @(*gv- 
jigot. "Hdton did x&v axigvwv pgadvxtgov jrcaost 
6 drjg; ovfiqpgdxxsxai ds xb nsgl xov (pdgvyya, vnb 
xs xov vjvxgov xal xov iniggiovxog yXiypaxog, — 
62. did xl xd naidia, xal ai ywatxeg, xal of svvov- 
Xoi, xal ol yigovxig, cp&iyyovxai 6$v; "H bxi &dx- 
xav xivr^oig ioxiv rj oSviiga; soxtds xb aixb nXsiovog 
dvaxtvrixoxsgov • wot* ol iv dxfirj nXsloa ovvsmonaivxat 
xov diga. Ovxog ovv ftgadvxsgog lay, (tgadvxigav 
nagaoxsvd&i xr}v<p<avrjv. 3 )Ev ds xolg naidloig xou cv- 
vovxoig, did xbiXaxxa sxsiv f ivavTi(ag.Tgifisivds xovg 
ngsofivxag, ov dwapivovg xgaxsiv, wvneg xolg ddvvd- 
xotg xal naidioig , bxav fiaxgbv tvXov Xd/Saoiv an 
axgov, xb lie gov axgov osisxai, did xb pi) xgaxuv. To 
avxb ds vnoXrjxxiov xal inl xwv dyavnovxav xal qpo- 
fiovfisvtov xal giyavxcav, aXxiov xov xgopov xijg qxo- 
v%g. Tov ydg sxovxog tip qxovijv xoiavxiiv, xiav 
xoiovxouv na&wv data nsgisoxrjxoxog xov nXsiaxov, 
Xombv bXlyov ov, ov dvvaxai xgaxslvxrjg qpawijs* Sto 
xal adsxai xal xgspsi. Jib xal ol t#wxo* xav aw- 
sidotav oxidynviwak, fitxgbv SiaXsyovxai i$ dgx*is> 
xal axgi ov dv xaxaoxaoiv • pixgag ydg ovaqg xijg 
qxovijg, Qoiov xgaxovoiv. 

SECT10 XII. 
"Ooa ntgl t« tiHudtj, 
dux xi rwy &vfiia(idxav fjxxovalofrdvovTai nlfi- 



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SECTIO XII. PROBL. i — 3. 131- 

oiov ovttg; Jlotsqov ou axqaisotsqa xtqaa&tioa tj. 
anogdoia to> dsqi, rjdlwv, aonsq t) ofivqvfj twv ia- 
t^wj' / ?; xal toivavtiov sir) dv • mats d<paiquo&ai 
to nvq trjv oopijv, did to xaisiv; t) ydq 6o ft fj &V[iuo- 
fisvtav. Aib xal in* tav dv&qdxav, ovx of«f tio^- 
qtotsqov ds, [xa*J xad-aqanqov qpaivstai xal Xsnto- 
tatov tovto, — 2. (cf. 9.) 4td ti ai oofial i)txov «vw- 
dsig ttav -&vjMctfi(xT(ov xal tav dv&av ix tov iyyvg; 
Jlotsqov otv ovvaniqxstai *jj oopy * a * ?VS poqia, S 
nqoxatacpiqstai did ^dqog* wots xa&aQu tioqqmts- 
gov yivstai i\ oopi); i) ovts iyyvg ovoijg ttjg dqx^g 9 
nXuatov yivstai to qeov, ovts Xiav itoqqu; to ps* 
ydq, ov noXv* to ds, diaonatou. — 3- Asystai tag 
svadri yivstai td divdqa, slg aneq av r\ i'qig xcrra- 
oxTJipj]. Hotsqov ovv dXrj&sg iotiv tj ysvdog; Kal 
si dXrftsg, dia tiv aitiav sl'rj to ovpfialvov; "Oti psv 
ovv ovts ndvta, ovts dsl, drjlov. UoXXaxig yag tj 
i'qtg psv ysyovs, tot ds divdga ov&sp s7tidrjXov qpai- 
vstai. "Oxav ts yivr^xai tovto, oix iv ndorj yivstai 
vXp • insl ovpfiaivsi yi nots • dib xal Xsystai. To 
ds al'tiov, xata avfA^s^xbg t$ Vqidi, anodotiov, aA- 
X(og tsxal si fitj iotl tig cpvaig tj Vqig, dXXd tqg bipstog 
nd&og dvaxXonfiivfjg, rivstai ds, alonsq iXsx&rj, ovx 
onaoovv ixovar\g ti^g vXyg to nd&og • ovts ydq iv 
toig xXtoqotg dsvdqoig, ovts iv totg avoig, aXX iv tn 
ifmsnqrjOfjiivjj vXy cpocalv ol vopsig fist a xa im tp 
i'qidi vdata yivso&ai snidrdov tr\v sinodiav, xal pd- 
Xiota ov av dondXa&og rj, xal qdpvog, 3«a» wv td 
Sv&ri svadrj iotiv. AVtiov ds t^g svudiag iatlv, 
onsg.xal inl t^g yyg. Jia&iqfiov ydq xal diaxs- 

1 2 

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132 A HIST. PROBLEM ATA. 

xuvfiivfjg ovorjg t o av ixtpvat] , xo ngwxov tviodtg 
o£et. id yag nvgovfitvd mag xotv vygoxrjxa tyov- 
xtav oXiyt)v, svoodij ylvsxai, nixxn yag xb -frtgfibv 
xavtqv. Jib xal xijg oXrjg yx\g xd ngbg xbv ijXiov, 

tU(t)5e(JT£QOC TW.V 7TQOQ &QXTOP dot* XOVXfOV Si Ttt Ttgbg 

m, xwv Tigog fiecnjfifiglav oxi ytmdyg fiaXXov 6 xo- 
nog b ntgl xr\v 2vgiav xal Idg^afllav ioxiv tj 8e Ai- 
pvrj, afi(i(odf]g xal avixftog. Jit yag juiJts noXXijv 
ilvai xr\v Ixftada, (anmxog yag iartv ^ noXXtj) firjxs 
Svixfiov* ov yag ylvsxai axfiig. c O ovpftaivsi xal 
itsgl xr\v vsoxavoxov vXijv, xal to yivog xouxtxtjv, 
wore %x,nv sv cod lav ovv avxjj, Jr\Xo1 di xolg av&s- 
aiv. *Ayh\Qi yag iv xovxoig xr\v oofJiriv. Joxsl ds 
iv olg dv ivoxiiyjfj fj Vgig ylvta&at , oxi ovSfo avsv 
vdaxog olov xb ylvso&ai, Bgax&od Te yag ij iiXtj, 
xa\ t<>> ivovxi dsgfim niipaaa, xr\v iv avx$ yivofitvt}v 
axfiida dylijoiv. Ovxs noXv to v$tag 5 si stvai • ix- 
xXv£n yag to noXv Xlav, xal aphvvai xr\v •dsgfioxij- 
xa xyv ivvndgxovaav ano xr\$ nvgwomg. Ta de 
fitta xyv \'gtv i>6*aTa, ov noXXot ylvexai, aXXd pexgiw? 
tog eIttuv. Kal idv noXXal yivwvxai i'gidsg, ov ttoXv 
yivtxai, aXXd noXXdxig fiiv, oXiyov Si. Jib clxo- 
ttog xovxov yivofiivov , ov&iv aXXo ogwvxsg diatpo- 
gov, nXrjv xtjv Vgiv, xavxy xi\v all lav ngocfid-toav 
xvjg svmdiag. — 4. Jtd xi xd av&rj xal xd dv^im- 
fisra, 7i6gq<o&sv fiaXXov ydiov o?6i* iyyv&sv de, xd 
fiiv, noatdioxcgov ' xd 8s, xanvndsaxtgov ; "H oxi t\ 
oofiri, &tgfi6xrjg xlg iaxi, xal xd evady, & eg fid ; to 
8e &egpbv, xovq>ov. "Jlexs did fiiv xovxo noggoaxe- 
g(o diiovxw, dftiycaxiga ylvtxai^ ooftri xoov avftTxa- 



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SECTIO XII. l'ROBL. 3— 10. 133 

gEWOfiipatP oogzwv anb twp qpvXXtop xal tov xunpov, 

optog vdaiojdovg aipov. HXtjoiop ds ovtwy, t« fie- 

liiyfiivot avTOig, ovpoSsi iv olg iaii, — 5. (cf. 13, 12.) 

Aia tl ntxvTct iialXov o?«* xipovfiepa ; V JI oti avu- 

nifAnXriat, nXsico diga, ij i]avxd£oPTa ; Aianipmtat, 

ovv r> oo/iT) xHzTtoy ovioo ngbg ttjp al'o&yjiv ?)/uv. — 

6. Aid t/ tov xHftavog ijttov ooygatPOfiE&a, xal ip 

Toig ndysoip TJxiora; "if ot* b ayg dxiprjTOTsgog 

ianv iv xw ybx u > ov* ovv dtpixvenai bpoiag i] xi- 

vrjaig rj anb tov ucofxazog tov tt\p oopqv fyoviog, did 

T?]p ddOxiVTjoiav Tiqg dnog§orjg xal tov digog iv at 

ioriv. — 7. (cf. 11.) Aid tI doifiVTegov o&i twi> 

agta^dtav inl Tscpgag &vpuojnavtov tj inl tov nvgbg, 

y.oli naXXov xal nXela xgovovryv aviwv oofiijv h'xei 

inl Ttjg Tscpgag -frvfiitofisva; *H on amnioTiga iotlv 

i\ lo/xr} inl Trjg ti(pgag * dib xal nXsiiop ; to ds nvo, 

ia%v nhtop avTwv ti\p dvvafiip, aXXoidl ttjp oopyv. 

*II yag niyig, aXXoitooig boti tov nsTTOfiipov. — 8. 

z/t« ji rjdtov b£si tap godap cdp 6 o^icpaXog Tgaxvg 

iirnv, 7] (ov Xuogs *H oti paXXov b£si ydv, baa ttjp 

cpvoip ansiXt)q>e ttjp avT&p; dxapdwdsg ds <pvosi to 

qoSov ioTl. Aib fiaXXov fyop Ta *#*« (pvaiv, rjdi- 

GTa ofe*. — 9. (Cf. 2.) Aid %i at oopal iyyv&tv 

ojttov svaidug, xal -d^VfiiafidTajp xal av&wp; "IIoti 

7iXi\olop /usv avpanoqpigsTai to yswdsg • mots xsgav- 

pvfisvov, ao&tpsorigav noisl t)\p dvvafiip,' tig ds to 

noggv* xaTaq>igeTai ^ odfirj. Aik Tavta ds xal rot- 

(p&ipTa ?« tipdt], unoXXvoi ttjp bo^]v. — 10. Hongop 

ai odpal, xanvbg, t] drig, rj aTfiig ; ,Jicc<pign yag, ft 

to ph, vnb tov nvgbg, to de, xal <xpw iovtov yhs- 

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134 ARIST. PKOBLEMATA. 

tat, Kal TtoitQOy dno xijg auj&qosiog xi ngog ixsl- 
va, ?) an ixsfowv ngbg W;y afo&rjoiv dq>LXvslxat, dsl 
xivovv xbv nXrjoiov asga ; xal si an ixsivwv anoggsl, 
sdsi tXaxxov xivsio&af xaixoi xa svcadsoxaxa ogw- 
fjitv pdXioxa diafiivovxa. — 11. (cf. 7.) did xi dgi- 
fivtsgov b'Qsi fiuXXov xStv agafidxwy inl xsqpgag &v- 
[iKOfABvajv, t\ inl xov nvgog ; 'Hdioxi ansnxoxiga r\ 
oopi} inl xyg xiygitg • dib xal nXsmv; noXv ovv Hal 
tov yswdovg ovrava&vfiidxai , xal yivsxai xanvbg • 
to ds nvg <p&dvei ixxalov xb yswdsg aixwv. "Jloxs 
i] bopr\ xa&agwxsga xal slXtxgivr\g aq>ixvsixai dvsv 
tov xanvov. Jib xal xgipopeva, i^xxov svwdij Toe 
av&rj* To yag ymdsg xal rj Tgiipig xivii' xal rj 
(Jgadsla &sg(Ji6xr}g ov (p&sigei. -r- 12. (cf. 1, 48. et 
20, 16.) did xi svwdtj ovgr\xixd xal onsg/iaxa xal 
cpvid ; **H oxi d-igfiu xal Xsnxd; xd ds xoiavxa, ov- 
gfjxixa. Taxv yag Xsnxvvst i\ ivovoa &6g(jt6x7jg, xal 
rj ooftrj ov oafiaxadyg • insl xal xa firj svwdrj, olov 
dxogoda, did xi\v &sgfioxrjxa, ovgijxixd, fxdXXov /wsV- 
to* xyxtixa. Osgfia ds xa sveodrj onigfiaxa , diori 
hX(og % boprj did &eg/n6xnxa yivsjai. l4XXd xa o*i/a- 
wdij, antnxd ioxi, dsi ds [#>] [iovor dsgfid slvai, «A- 
Xa xal tvnsnxa, si soxai ovgTjxixd, ontog ovyxaxiqv- 
xa, Xsnxvvr) xa vygd. — 13. did xl noxs ol xsxga- 
fASvoi twv oi'ptov, -d-axxov xatv axgdxoav o£ovoiv;*H 
oxt b xtxgafiivog , av&svsoxegog tov dxgdxov ioxi; 
to de do&svsoxsgov, vnb ndvxw e^ioxaxai tov taxv* 
goxigov, ^£$xa b xsxgapivog , saxiv svnsxioxsgog 
xov^axgdxov. Evnsxsoxsgov ds iottv, vndg$ai «Tt- 
viovv, xal ixXapsXv xi tcov (a^ vnagxovxm: c ph 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XIII. PROBL. 1 — 4. 135 

ovv axgarog, bofitodrjg ioxiv • 6 di xtxQctfiivog, avo- 
Ofxog. 

SECTIO X11I. 
"Oou ntgl dvowdtj. 
dia ti to fiiv ovgov , ooaj av XQOvi£riT0ti iv to* 
owfiaU; dvoadiorsgov yivstat' fj di xpngog, i\xtov ; 
"HoTiy fiiv, trjQalvEtai, paXXoy XQ ovl iofitvtj' to di 
Zygozegov, ocoTjmorsQov • to di ovqov, Ttaxvrtrai • 
TFOOoqptfTOV T8 ov, ofioiOTEoov tw tf£ agxyg to* 1 itofia- 
ti. — - 2. dia ii to, dvotodf] Tolg idttdoxootv ov do* si 
o£$w; H dia to avvTETgijo&at xrjv oatpgr^oiv to? 
or 6 fiver i xaiot tbv ovgavov, TrXrjgrjg fj al'o&r}Oig yivi- 
rai raxv, xal Tyg ts low ovxid? bfioioog aio&avtTai, 
(to yag ngwiov alo&oivovTcu navitg • oTav di fiupwv- 
rai, ovx hi, won eg ovfi<pvovg} xal ?j E$b)&ev rj op clot, 
acpavi&Tai vnb Tr\g loo). — 3. dia %i tgipofitva Ta 
av&T}, dvowdioTsga / *H dioxi ovfifilyvvrai xrj oofip 
to ymdtg to iv tw av&st, — 4. Aia xi xwv fiiv 
£wo)v ov&iv evcodeg ioxiv, !'£(o xrjg nagdaXtwg • (avxri 
di xal avioTg xdig -d-rjgioig; &aol yag avxotg tit 
&v\gta i)d£(og ooftao&ai) cp&ugofieva di, xal dvotadrj 
ioii; xav di cpvxwv noXXdxig q>&sig6ptva xal avat,- 
vofisva, hi fiaXXov svtodrj ylvsxai; Iloxtgov oxi xr^g 
dvooadiag al'xiov antipict tig nsgixxwfiaxog ; dtb xal 
ol Idgmtg ivioig xal ivloxs, xotovxoi slot • (iaXiota di 
olg pi) asl TOiovxot, ix x&v vooatv yivovxai. Kal ay 
q>voai di xal ol igvyfiol ol tojv aninxcov, dvowdeig 
tlai. To alto di aXxiov xal xov iv xatg oagVh xaxa 
to avdXoyov. jiiyto di avaXoyov, to dvxl^ oagxog 
jolg ilXXoig Iwnagxov &otg. "Moxi yao xal ivxav- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



136 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

xa mgixxtofia ivloig amnxov. Tovxo ovv gtovxcav xs 

alxiov xijg dvoo)dlag iaxl' xal cp&eigofievav, orjnofi:- 

vov. Jib xal xd nlova xal ooxd xal xgixsg, ov duo- 

w'#?; iaxiv oxi xd per, nsxxsxai' xd ds, ovx exn 

vygoxyxa. Tdtg de (pvxotg, ovx i'vi 7xeglxx(0(ia. "H 

i'oxi fiivxot, xal xovxoig, all' oxi &tgfid xal fygd xrp 

qpvoiv iaxl xd cpvxd • waxs evnmxoxega *; Ixpdg, xal 

ov ntjlmhjg iaxlv avxwv; Jrjlol de xoil xtjg yijg ?; iv 

Tolg&egpolg tvmd^g ovoa, Zvgia xal 'Aggafila, xal 

tcx svjodrj xd ixsi&sv, oxi tygd xal &sgfia ioxr xd ds 

xoiavxa, Sorjixxa. Ta ds £wa, ov xoiavxa taxi xal 

•fregpa - taoxs all xs nsgtxxaafig dntnxoi xal dvowdeig 

avmv slat, xal diayveijasig opolojg • xal dtaq>$8tgo- 

(iivcoy, orjnsxai r) vygoxtjg • rwv de, ov. Ov ydg 

sxovoi. — 5. Jidxixadvowdr) -degfid ovxa, pallor 

dvawdrj ioxh % iipvyfisva; "lloxi iaxh^ooftrj uxficg 

xal anoggorj xig ; oxeoxrv axpbg vno &egfiov yivs- 

xai, xal r) anoggorj. Kivytsig ydg xig ioxi. To de 

Ssgfiov, xivtjxixov • to ds yjvxgov , xovvavxiov oxaxi- 

xuv xal ovaxalxixbv, xal qpogdv ds xdxa %xu • xb de 

degtiov, xal aioofial naoat dvoxpsgelg , did xb iv 

aegi xs eivai, xal xb alo&rjxrjgiov avxwy avia thai, 

fxrj xaxta. llgbg ydg iyxsyalov negaivovoa % bofii}, 

ai'o&rjaiv nom. — 6. Jid xi idv xig oxogoda (pa- 

ytj, to ovgov o£w alltov ds ixovxtov ioxvgdv 6ofir)v t 

ovx ofei ideo&svxonv ; Hoxsgov wnnsg xivsg xaiv »;oce- 

xletxigovxw <paolr, oxi dva&vfiidxai, aioTxsg iv t£ 

vita, xal tv toJ owpaxi* stxa ndliv yjvx&sv, ovvi- 

<naxai- ixeifih, vygov ivxav&a ds, ovgov* <q di ix 

tV* xgocpyg dva&vpiaoig, tf ov iyivtxo avttj ovptu- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XIII. PROBL. 5—8. 137 

yvvfiivt), Ttoiu xr\v oofi'tjv, Avxr\ ydg iaxiv, oxav 
jiexa^aXXr], "// sdei xal xd aXXa xovxo noiitv, ooa 
ioxvQUQ oopdg ex$i • vvv de ov noiet ; *Eii ovyxgwofisva 
tx xr\g axfiidog, ovx eigxo'agxulov egxsxai, olov olvog 
i$ oivov, aXX' oix vdoag* toots xal roiixo ipevdog- 
**XX oxi fxovov (fvarjuxov xr\g xdxto xoiXiag xwv 
oofiyv ixovjwv ioxvgdv xal oigrjxiXTjV Sfict- xd de 
alia, avto noiel, olov i] Qdcpavog, xal xd nvsvpaxa- 
i) ovx ovgrjxixd. Kdxw ds xgla vndgxsi xavxa m 
xal yag ovgyxixov, xal nvevfia noiei, xal tovto xa- 
TG). O de xonog o negi^xd aidota xal xijv xvoxiv, twit 
toiovxwv omoXavet, did xijv yeixviaoiv , xal oxi nvev- 
paxixog iatL. AyXoZ ds [xa*J f) ovvxovla xov aldoiov, 
AyXov ovv oti a<pixvsixat to mgixxatfia slg xyv xv- 
oxiv avxov, pdXioxct xtov xoiovxwv dpcs xm nvzvua- 
Tf o [tiyvifievov, noieXxov ovgov xqv oopip. — 7. 
Aid xi xd oxofiaxa firjdsv IdydoxoxaVj aXXd vqoxsv- 
advxav, o&i fidXXov • (o xaXttxai vijoxtlag o£uv) <pa- 
yovxtav 6e, ovxixi, oxe edei ftdXXov; *H oti xivovfii- 
vr\g xrjg xoiXiag, &sgfioxegog 6 dr\g yivofitvog did xrp 
axiv.rjoiav, or\iiei xo nvevfia, xal xd <pXsyfAax(6dvj flte- 
grtjujuaxa ; oxi ds &egp6xsQOQ ytvexai, oijfieiov oxi 
xal dlyav noid y vtjoxsia paXXov. <Payovx(ov de, 
did to iXdxxtav slvai r\ oofirj tf}g xwv. onlay, nave* 
%ai. KgaxsX ydg xr\g -&sgii6xijxog q xw oiticov -dsg- 
fjiox7}g ' taoxe pri&kv ndoxsw. — 8. Aid xif} paoxu- 
Xrj dvotadioxaxov xwv xomav; Hoxsgov oxidnvovoxa* 
tog ioxtv ; eoxi ds r\ dvowdia iv rotg xoiovxoig paXi* 
ox a, did to ornfnv ylvtodai vno xyg yoyxiuQ vfc 
noioxyxog- 7) oxi xal dxivqxog xa* ayvfivaoxog; 

Digitized by GoOgle 



138 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

— 9. Aw lioliov ygdaov o^ovitg , oiav dlticpwiai 
fiVQO) , dvocodiorsgoi yivoviui; M J/ dtoii iovio inl 
nollwv yivtiat, o|v xal ylvxv ovpmx&h , to olov 
ylvxvitgov iyivsio. Ehu idgowavitg ndvizg , 6W- 
wdeoisgoi fiat. To ds fivgov , &sgpaviix6v ianv, 
'idgwtag ovv nagaoxsvd£u. — 10. Aid ii lav iy- 
xvgitov xal xvyoiigav dvooopoiiga xalpagviiga rj 
oafirj iov nvtifiaiog ; "ll dtoii ovyxtxltusiai 6 io- 
nog 6 ntgl iov nviv/jova, xal dvionaoiai in ttjs «v- 
dvwgtctg • wots oix tvnvovg, allot orjnsiai ?/ r^(idg } 
xal ii) itvevfia $Vau pallor iyxaiaxlnofitvov ; — 
11. Aid ii [to] nolld twv ftvgav ovvsSidgaoai dva- 
tadf} • %via du ijdiio, i] ov jft/oo) ; M H oaa fib if) x*- 
vrjasi 7} igiipn fisiaftdllovia, ^c/ow rota via* oaa de 
giij, lovvaviiov ; sail de tvia loiavia* won eg xal imp 
av&wv, i£ wv ylvovxai ai evwdiai, xa fiev igt^ofieva, 
1) ^igfxaiyofitva, $ £t}gaiv6psya, cpavla, olev id lev- 
xola • Ta de, Sfioia, olov id goda. Kal iwv fivgwv 
de oaa ix twv to io vicar iail, peiafkillu • id de, ov ' 
dto io go Slop jjxiota, Kal dvotodt} [de] cpalvtiai fidl- 
lov, oowv ol idgwisg dvotadsig, xal did io (iiypva&di 
to» ivavTito, tbontg to pell field iov dlbg, ov pallov 
ylvxv, alti ijiiov. — 12. (cf. 12, 5.) Aid ii nana 
fidllov off* xivovptva; "if dtozt dvanlfinlrjoi iov 
diga ; Aianepneiai ovy &diiop q oofiv) ngog %i)p 
ai'o&tiow. 

SECTIO XIV. 
"Oaa negl xgdaetaq. 
Aid ii &rjgnadeig id t&rj xal lag oipstg , ol iv 
T«7f vnegfiolcug opxeg, r, tpvxovg, tj xavpaiog ; *H 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XIV. PROBL. 1 — 7. 130 

did xb avxb; c II yctg agloxri xgdoig, xal TiJ diavoia 
ovfi<psQBi ' al ds vntgfioXal, Qustwoi * xal atantg xb 
owfict diMOxgicpovatv ,ovto) xal ti;v Tyg diavoiag xoa- 
a/y. — 1. Aid it iv tw IIovTta b^olxog ia&slg iv 
tw if>vx H > nollat stTj yhixai axonog; "Hon H-ixfid- 
£eica to aJUoioiov vygbv fitxd xov &egfiov , wontg 
iv xaig otcKpvXaug ; tvia fiiv ydg, vnb xov ipv^QOV • 
svia ds, dpa tw &egfio). — 3. Aid xi iv xjj yvxgo- 
Tcmj x^Q a oX xavooi fiuXXov yivovxai; "H dtox* av- 
Ttnsgd'axrjoi to xpvxog slow xi\v &sg^oTi]Ta ; iv ds 
tgj &4gst> xovvavtiov ovft^alvti, xd ti'aa yvxgoxtga. 
'O ds xavaog, nvgtxbg [wV] xwv i'$<w xaxsyvynivav, 
id 60« d-egfjojTjTi vTtsgfidXXsi. — 4. Aid xi ol Ai~ 
&ionsg xal ol Alyvnxioi, (IXaiaoi slow; n II dibxi vnb 
-degpov, aontg xal xd £vXa diaoxgiysxai Zrigaivo- 
/neva, ovxw xal to. xwv £aW ocofiaxa; Ar{Xovoi ds xal 
oti xgixtg ' ovXoxsgag ydg exovotv • ^ ds ovXoTijg 
ioxlv, qjotisq pXaiuotrjg xatv T^jfwy. — 5. Aid ti 
iv xotg voxioig pallor -drjXvtoxovoiv al bx^iai ; *H 
Sxixb nXuov vygbv jSgadvxsgov naxvvtxai; iv de xotg 
voxioig, did xrjv vygoxrjxa xrjg xgdoemg , vygoxtgov 
w to onsgpa yivsxai, — 6. (cf. 1, 18.) Aid xi iv xdtg 
kXoideoi, xd fisv iv xrj xsqpaljj eXxtj xaxv vyia£exar 
Ta de iv xaig xvi\\iaig, fibXtg; "lloxi (lagsia y vygo- 
rtjg, did to ysadrjg elvai • xa de (iagia, tig to xatto 
vnoxatgst; xd fiiv ovv am, evnsma, dia xo vnoxe- 
Zagijxivai xdxw • Ta de xaToi noXXrig yip^ *V$ »«- 
giTTtoattog xal svorimov. — 7. Aia xi ol fisv iv xoig 
svnvooig xbnotg, figaditag yrigdoxovotv ' ol ds iv xolg 
xoiXo* xal kXwdsai, xaxiwgs *H to yygag orjmdwv 

Digitized by GoOgle 



l4 o AKIST. PROBLEMATA. 

ric Soti; oynsxat ds xb J)j)t$iovv. To ds iv xivrjon 
ov, »/ oXtag doomsg, % ijxxov xovxo ndax^h o\ov xb 
vdcog. *£v psv ovv xotg' vipylolg , did xx\v simvoiav, 
6 dijg iv xivijesi ioxiv iv ds xotg xoiXoig , fisvsi. 
"Exi di 9 ixit ftsv, did xrjv xivtjoiv del xa&agbg b ur t o 9 
xal txsgog yivsxou' iv ds xotg bXwdeai, [iivei. — 8. 
(Cf. 16.) did xi oi (tsv ivxotg &sg{iotg xonoig, dtdol 
tloiv iv ds xolg ipvxgoig, dvdgstoi; "H oxi ivav- 
xitag xotg xonoig xal xatg wgaig r\ yvoig t/ti, did xb 
ouoicog ixovxwv, dvdyxrj diaxaiso&m xaxitog. *Av- 
dgttoi ds sloiv, oi xrjv q>vaiv -&sgfioi' deiXol ds, oi 
xaxsipvyfisvoi. J2vfi/$alvsi ds xovg fisv ivxotg &sgno?g 
ovxag, xctTsyjvx&otf xovg ds iv xotg ipvxgotg , ixxs~ 
■dsgfidv&oti xijv qpvoiv. MsydXoi ds af.i(fOi ilolv • oi 
[asp iv xotg yjvxgotg, did xr\v iv avxotg ovfiq>vxov -dsg- 
lioxrjxa • iv ds xotg Ssgfiotg, diet xr\v iv iw tojtw. 
*Ev ydg xotg &tgfiotg xal vnb xov -fregjAQv av$d- 
vovxeu. To ds ijjvxog, niXrpixbv ioxiv, "A is ovv 
xmv fisv, iv avxotg ixoyxtov xrjv dgxvv xqg av^atcog 
acpodgav, xuv ds, ov xtoXvoftivcov vnb xrjg eSoo&sv y/u- 
Xgoxyxog, slxoxtog inl noXv x%\v avt-rjoiv imdsxovxai. 
Oi dsnsgl i]fidg, tjxxov , dia xb iXdxxta xs t#«v **}* 
agxyv iv vvxotg, xal did xb xovg iv xotg yvxgotg 
ovfimXttodai. — 9. Aid xi [taxgoftioi fidXXov sl- 
ow oi iv xotg -dsgfiotg xonoig olxovvxsg ; "ff did xb 
Srigoxsgav sxsiv xqv cpvaiv ' xb ds tygoxsgov^ doani- 
oxsgov slvai xai noXvxgoviwxsgov • xbv ds &dvaxov, 
oiov ornpiv xiv a slvai; "il didxi o fxiv -frdvaxog iaxi 
yvjjig toy ivxbg &sgiiov • xaxaipvxsxai ds ndv vtio 
*ov negiixovxog xat yvxgoxigov ;"£on ds b mgiixm 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XIV. PROBL. 8- U. 141 

dig, iv fiev ro7g dXteivolg xonotg, &sgfi6g' iv de tcU' 
yjvxgdlg, yvxgog* wore &dxxov xal pdXXov <p&tigti 
to iv avxoUg &£Qfiov. — 10. /lit* xi ol iv xoig &eg- 
uolg xonoig, /.laxgo^misgoi ; "ll bxi uuXXov to #*(>- 
libvxal vygbv ow&vaiv ; 6 ydg xhdvaxog , 7) tovicov 
q>$oga. — 11. diu, ti iv xoTg hXwdtoi xonoig vnvw- 
dioxegot yivo/ieda; *H oxi xuxtyvy pivot paXXov iv 
uvxolg iafiiv; fj de xaxdifjv£ig , ijuvxia tig ovaa> 
nagaoxevd£u vnvov. e O de vnvog, iv tw rjovxu- 
&iv nagayivtxai. — 12. Jid xi ol iv xo7*g nXoioig, 
tvxgooi, inl vdaxog diaixwfisvoi, fiuXXov twv iv xoig 
h'Xtoi; *Hy agtx xal to evnvovv aVxiov; wxgovg ds 
TO v5(OQ nOlil, oxav OtfnrjtaL ' o ndoxw di dxt,vrj- 
olav 3*o iv xoig eXvdeatv vntoxgoi. — 13. J t d ti 
iv totg x*WtQW<fi$ x^Q^oig nviyi) acpodgd yivexai 
noXXa, xal pdXXov ?j iv tolg dXesivolg; Jloxegov 
did t\\v vygoxrpa tov digog ; dnb ydg tr t g avxtjg 
Ssgfioxritog , vdcog Ssgpoxsgov yivexai tov digog • 
taaxe xal b dijg vygoxtgog tov -d-egfiov. *H ovdi 
iaxi fygoxsgog 6 «?;o iv [xoig tonoig"] xolg toiovtotg, 
aXXa cpaivetai nagd xb ivavxiov; woneg o ix vt(pi~ 
Xrjg yXiog, nagd to ix tijg axidg-S'iyydveo&ai. — 
14. Aia ti ol ngbg fisori^glav olxovvxeg , paXXov 
slot ixtXaPoy&aXnoi ; "H yXotvxd fiiv ioxt td o/ifca- 
ta , di vntgfloXriv tov ivtbg &eg[tov • fiiXava de, 
dia xijv tovxov dnovoiav ; tooneg xal *JZfjinedoxXi}g 
tp'Hai. Kaddnsg ovv i&v ngbg agxxov oixovvxtov; 
yXctvxd bfAfiaxd ioxi, tw to ivxbs &egf*bv xwXveo&ai 
diexninxetv, did xb ixxbg yjvxgov.* ovxca xwv ngbg /ue- 
GTjfifigiav olxovvxwv, to fiev vygdt , did to nsgiixov 

Digitized by GoOgle 



142 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

&(Qfi6v, ovx ix7tlmet • [to ds dsgfxbv, fjttjdsvbg am- 
cpQomovTog, ixnlmsi # J to de Xsinoptvov vygbv 9 /us- 
Xav noiu. Tjj yog tqv (pwibg anovala, to Xutio- 
fievov ion oxorwdtg. "II tolg toi> Xoinov aoo/aarog 
XQ(ih(J.aaLV bfioiovTvu to «Vtw ocp&cdpoj ^oaJjuay dib 
t(av ngbg agxtov Xtvxwv ovtwv, yXavxix t« bpfiaza' 
(tou yag Xevxov to if to iyyvg to XQ&l***) * a * T( ^ ^roo$ 
peorjfiPgiav fifXdvwv ovtgjv, fiiXava xal xat bfifUXTa.' 
— 15. 4ia ti \oY\ iv tolg ^tgpolg xonoig ooqpwrc- 
goisioiv, r\ \oV\ iv tolg yvxgolg ; Jloisgov diet to 
avxb , dt onsg xal oi yigovxsg, twv vioav; oi (iiv 
yag, dia ir k v yjvxQOTijja xav xonov , inaviovarjg xr^g 
qpvoeoag aviwv, xhegfioxegol dot noXv* wots Xiav /uh- 
&vovoiv loixaot, xal ovx elal SrjT7ixixol,dXXa uvdgtioi 
xal sviXmdtg. Ol 5& iv xotg aXttivdig , vrj(povai, 
tfia to xaiafjvx&ai, JIavxaxov ds oi qpopov/isvot, 
xbiv daggovvxmv fi&XXov inixeigovoi tyxslv \ watt 
xal evgloxovot paXXov. *H diet to noXvxgoviwxsgov 
to yivog tivat xovxo • Toi/ff Si vnb xov xazaxXvojuov 
anoXio&ai; uoxs bIvou xa&dneg viovg ngbg yigov- 
xag , tolg iv xolg tpvxgdlg xonoig, ngbg xovg iv tolg 
&sgfidlg oixovvxag. — 16. (cf. 8.) ^i« xl ol piv iv 
tolg &egpo7g xonoig, dsiXol uaiv oi ds iv toig yv- 
Xgotg, avdgsioi; n H on ivavxlag xdlg xonoig xal xatg 
wgaig */ yvoig fyst, 8ia to bpoiag ixovxmv, Jtaxae- 
o&ai av Tuxiwg; avdgsloi di ilaiv, oi xr\v (pvoiv &sg- 
fioL JstXol Si, oi xaitipvy pivot. 2vp(talvn d* 
ovv xovg fisv iv xolg ^egpolg ovxag, xaxaipvx ta & at • 
(ctgaiov yag oviog avroig tov owfxatog, to fogfibw 
ai/iwy I'^w duxnimu) tovg d 3 iv tolg yvxgoZg, ixte- 



d by Google 



SECTIO XV. PROBL. 1-3. 143 

&sgfidv&ai lip cpvaiv did to ix tov ixTog ipvxovg 
nvxvovo&ou Tip odgxa' nvxvovpirtjg ds , ivTog av- 
oriXXtoOcu %6 &sgpov. 

SECTIO XV. 

"Ooa fia&wterixijq t u(Tt'x" &tiagCag xul oaa rtsgl ovgdnu. 
did TididftSTgog uaXstiai port) t<Lv di/ct dtai- 
govoar toc sv&vygaftfia , y ix ywviag tig ycoviav a- 
X&uoayQ(*npj;"HoTi didpsTgog dixadtaigst, xadd- 
nsg Tovvopa vnoarifialvH, ov (p&elgovoa to psTgov- 
fiBVOv; rj per ovv xcna Tag ovv&sosig diaigovoa, (Xe- 
ym ds rag ymlag) didpsTgog soTai • ov ydg <p&ii- 
gst, dXXa dtaigsl, xa&dnsg oi tu OTgaTitoTixa axtvi\ 
diaigovvTsg. € H ds xaTa Tag ygapfidg avv&txa Tspvov- 
oa, qt&elgn- avyxsmu ydg to sv&vygap/xov xaTa Tag 
yaviag. — 2. did t/ didpsTgogxaXslTai; "if dioTi di- 
%(* povTj diaigst; wonsg ovv ting sl'noi, dixdfxsTgog 
ioTi.^ Kal dioTi fiovrj twv dfya tov 10 xaXiixai. 'i/ 
oTi fj xaid piXfj f, xixapnTai fidvrj diaigtl , ai ds «A- V 
Xai xaxd nXsvgdg; — 3. did ti ndvTtg av&ganoi, 
xal pdgfiagoi xaTEXXr\vtg, ig t« dixa xaTagi&fiovoi, 
xal ovx tig v£Xov agt&tibv, olov B , r, J, JE- [thu 
ndXiv inavaL^Xovuiv , svnsvzs, dvo nine,] wntg 
tvdsxa, d<odtVt° ovd' av igmsga navodpsvoi tup 
dixa, sha ixa&ev inavadinXovoiv • san [ph] ydg 
txaoTog Ttov dgi&fiwv, 6 s'fingoo&tv, xalsvrjdvo, xal 
QitTog aXXog Tig' agid-povoi d' Ofuog bgioavTtg oc/gi 
twv dixa • ov ydg dy dnb tvx t i$ ye ovto noiovrtsg 
cpaivovjai, xal ash to ds dtl xal M ndvrwv , ovx 
uno Tvxyg, aXXd (pvoixov. HoTtgov oti t« dixa t«- 
Xsiog agt&pog; I'xtav ydg ndvTa t« tov dgi&pov «i- 

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144 AttlST. PROBLEMATA. 

dq, txgxtov, Jisgixxbv, xsxgdytovuv, xvfiov, u^xog, Ini- 
ntbov , ngbtxov ovv&exov. "H oxv agxv *i dtxdg; h 
ydg xal dvo xal xgia xal xiixaga, yivsxai dsxdg. *H 
ot* xd q>BQOfisva oco/nazu ivvia; jj bxi ivdixa dvaXo- 
yiaig , xixxageg xvfiixol dgi&pol dnoxsXovvxaf t| 
«v qxxuiv dgi&fi&p oi Hv&ayogBLOt xd ndv avvsoxd- 
vai; 7) on ndvxeg vnrig^av dv&gvnob t^orTts dexa 
daxxvXovg ; olov ovv yjtj<povg f'xovxsg xov oixeiov 
dgt&iiov, xovxoj t<£ JiXrjd-u xal xdXXa dgi&povoi. 
Movoide dgid-povoi raJy Ogaxwv yivog xl ugxixraga, 
dtd to wontg xd ncudict (it) dvvao&cu, /uvrj/uoveveiv 
imnoXv , pr)de XQ% atv pytievog livai noXXov aviolg. 
***"0« t) yij xsvxgov del ydg hfioia xdxpaw6fi$va r^itv 
oxrjfiaxa • doxsl xovxo elvou, idv /u^ dno xov fiioov xlg 
&$b)gjl , dX£ oxe fisv xgiytova, bxi di xgani£ta , bxi 
de aXXota idoxei 7) yij fiioov rjfioov , si dno xovxo v %vt 
iifidg &£Q)Qsiv. Ovar t g ydg oycugoeidovg Ttjff yqg, 
xavxb xivxgov xovxov xal xr\g yijg eoxat. 'Hpug de 
indvto xv\g yi\g olxoviiev. "Jloxe ovx dno xovxov, 
dXXd xo Tjfiiov XTjg dtafiixgov dcpsoiuoivvtuv, xoiccvra 
qpcuVcTou. Tl ovv xaXvei, nXtlovog yevo/iavov xov 
foaoxrjfiaxog, diafteveiv xt)v xwv oxvfia^jiv q>avxaaiav; 
— 4. Aid xl xov TjXiov bpoxovojg q£ opivov iv t<£ 
lay Xg6vb) t ovx h <*v*h av^Tjoig xaly&ioigxav oxiwv; 
"tl bxt laat yivovxtti a\ yavicu ngog xd bgwiitva , a* 
dno xtov dxxivwv vno xalg }oaig nsgiqagdoug ; El <T 
avxat, xal ipfiaXXofievai noiovaiv axxtvag iv ?<£> tqi- 
ytovq, on eg fystai vno xs xr^g ngwxijg dxxlpog, xal tov 
ogtopivov xal X7jg oxidg. £l #' nl ywiab loai, dvdy- 
x»; Tiji/ nogguixsgui ygaf4fir)v xov ogtafiivov /tt/£o» «*y«* 



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SECTIO XV. PROBL. 3 — 6. 145 

tijg iyyvtiga, Tovto ydg VofiBv. Aijigrjo&a ovr q 
nsgupigBia $ig 7oa, ooa ovv TtXrjdd' ogdo&t) de to 
O. utav ovv o rjXiog inl iov A, ngooXafiwv to O, 
noway tivd oxidv iv x«J» A , dvdyxti dy tf\v dxtiva 
inl to A nintBtv. "Otav 5* bX&jj inl to B, fj and toy 
B dxtlg, ivtbg trjg O A moutai • xal Stay naXiv inl 
to r ptTixPji , woaviojg. El dipt] , tv&sia ev&eiag 
dtxti aiptiou. *En$l ovv torj t\ A B ty B T 9 xal at 
ymylai at vnb tavtrjg ai ngbg to A , loai eaovtai' 
ngog ttp xivtgta ydg, Ai 6s t% toiJ A, xal iv t$ to*- 
ywvqt. Katd xogvq>v\v ydg tavtaig, v Jlot intl Big 
ioa diaiQUTcci f\ yoavta, uei£(ov total i} A JE tijg EZ, 
tij A Q. c Qfioi(og Ss xal ai dXXai [<*VJ noiovoiv ai 
ctno tijg mgiqpegBiag axtiveg, "Afta 6e dijXov xal ot* 
xatd ftsofjfi^giav (Xaxiotr\v dvayxaiov tlvcutiiv axidv, 
xal St i ai inidooug tott iXdxiotai. MaXiata ydg 
xa& rjfidg 6 yXiog ti\g fAtoiifi/Sgiag iotl, xal nviyog 
yivstai, did [ts] tr\v tigrjfiivfjv ah lay, xalbtidnvsv- 
fiatog • Stay \ydg~\ diaxgivy toy ngbg trj yjj diga, 
nvBVfia ylvetai. El ovv Sfia iv d^opotigoig tolg ?/ju- 
oq>aigioig, elxorwg av ai jiioai vvxttg xal fj psarjfi- 
(Igia anvBVfiatot shv. — 5. /Sid tl 6 ijXiog did twv 
tBtganXevgoav diixtov, ovx Bv-d-vygafifia nout td QX^- 
fiata, dXXd xvxXovg, olov iv ta7g QiipBoiv; *H ott [if] 
t&v oipscov Bxntuioig xQvog ioti ; tov di xuvov, 
xvxXog r\ /Sdoig, "jlots ngbg o av ngoonlnttaotv at 
tov f\Xiov dxilvsg, xvxXotsgBlg qpalvovtai. 3 Avayxaiov 
ftev ydg iou xal to inb tov i^Xlov oxvpa v™ bv^biuv 
mguxeo&ai, untg at dxtivBg Bv&tlai.^ e Otav ydg 
Bv&Blai, ngbg Bv&tiav ngoonintmotv , Bv&vygafifiov 
Arist. Projbl. ^ 

Digitized by GoOgle 



146 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

noiovotv. *Enl dsxoiv dxxivav ovpflalvtixoiixo. Hgog 
svd-Hctv yag ngooninxovoi , xyv xov gmbg ygafi^v, 
rj 81 ov Xdfinovoi, xal avxai svduul uow wan 
ngbg sv&elav taxai fj exTtxaoig, *AXXa dia xb ao&e- 
vttg tlvai tig anoaxiSofiivag anb xaiv oipmv ngbg xb 
dxga x&v tv&siioVj ov% bgaxai xd iv xatg ywiaig' 
dXX* ooov fiev xrj-g av&uag ivvnagx^ & T <5 xma, 
noibl avxqv * to ds Xotnbv, ov noist , dXXd Xotv&dvov- 
otv al oytig ininintovoai. UoXXd yag ov% ogfafisv 
i<p a duxvuxat ^ oipig, olov xd iv tw axoxu. "Qpoiov 
ds xovxov xal xb xsxgdyavov noXvytovoeidig cpalvs- 
odcu * iav ds nXiov aq>LOtj} t xvxXov. 'Qvxog yag xcJ- 
vov xrjg xcSv oyttov ex7iTooo6(&g> aqHOxapivov xovoxn- 
purog tig to noggta, al fisv tig tag ywvlag anooxiSo- 
fievai tuv oifjsoav, did to ao&svsig uvai xal bXiyai, 
ov/ oqujji, nXdovog xov dnooxypaxog yivofiivov. Al 
ds tig to fiiaov ngogn'uixovoat , d&goai xal io/vqcxl 
ovoai, diafiivovoiv, *Eyyvg piv ovv ovxog xov o^>J- 
(uarog, dvvavxai xal ta iv xatg ywvlaig ogav • nogga 
ds avxov yivofiivov, ddvvuxovoi. Ato xal rj nsgtq>s- 
gr\g anayoftivrj, sv&sla yahsxai. Kal q obXjjvt] vnb 
ii&H&v mgUxia&ai doxsl xjj bydoy , iav pit xaxa 
[t6J TiXaxog, aXXa xaxa xv\v mgii%ovaav ygappr t v al 
bipug ngogninxwoiv. *Eyyvg fxsv yag ovar,g xrjg 7rc- 
giysgdag, dvvavxai diaxgivtiv al oipstg, b'otp iyyvxz- 
gov ioxi&dxsgovd'axigov nigovgxygnsgKpsgsiag* nog- 
$a> ds yivofiivrjg, ov diaio&dvsxai, aXXa doxsl avxrj H 
Voov. Aib xal Bv&ela <palvexai. —-6. Aiot %i %i\{ 
oiXtyvr^g oqputgoftdovg ovorjg, ev&elav bg&psv, oxav »y 
viXoxopog ; % [pxt\ Iv t$ avxto iTiimdoj q oif/ig yivi- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XV. PROBL. 5-6. 147 

xai, xal v xov xvxXov mgiyigua , $y b yXiog noitl 
ngog^aXXm x V oeXijvy; bis dixovxo yivoixo , zi&tia 
ygagififi ifahexo 6 faog. 'End yag avuyx n xb ngog- 
§aXXovxag oipugnghg xr t v uyaigav, xvxXov ogav , 1) 
ds vilim oymgoudw, *<*l i vXcog hrf aix^l xv '_ 
xXog av u' n o vno xov rjXiov yivo^vog. Ovxog ovv 
oxavjtiv i$ ivavxiag fa v ^ T «,, Skog 9ai xal 

*Q*H*arodnpasBt, m - bxav di Tragedian* dta xhv 
rov rjXiov linaflaot,, n nigupigua avxov 'xaxa xL 
oyiv yivsxai* wemr d&ela <palvtxat. lb di faoov 
(ttgoQ, Titguptgig, bxi i* ivavxiag xuxai x>j 6>a W 
ocp algtov. Todi xoiovxo icpaivsxo ^txixXiov. > 4 et 
yctgv otlnvyxax dvx^xgv iaxt xtg Symg. > A ti bxav 
o riliog im(laXX V , ov X ogw^v, xal avanXrjgovxai fit- 
roc xrjv oydorjv & xov fiivov • bxi imnagih^ o %Xtog, 
txxXivsoxegov i?//7v noiu xbv xvxXov. Ovxta di xi&i- 
tttvog Ttgbg xyv oipiy b xvxXog, xojvov xorf iwtgiig 
*y*wo. v M V rondi)g di (painxai, b'xav b'ijXtog (as- 
iy> ti . Oxayyag xaxa la Zo X axa a^fitla, xatf a di- 
Xoroiiog <paivexa h b xtxXog b xov rjXiov yip V xai ns- 
*'¥*"? 9 x aip M M * \™ *™*ov- Oi yag fo *«*' tf. 
&uav ««w xrj oy st , a XXa nagaXX^xxH. Tovxov di 
ytvo^vov, xal d ln xwv avxvv a ¥ «W xov xvxXov oV- 
tog, avayxy p^oudy yalvto&ai. Migog yag xi tov 
xvxXov xaxa xyv bfiv tvfivg ioxi, xov ngoxigov & 
ivavxiag ovxog. "jloxs xov Xapixgov anoxipvtxai, • 
u& ovxag xal xa axga fiivovaiv iv x$ avxa. "J2<j« 
Kvayxij lirjvoudy <paivto&a>. MaXXov di xal rjxxov, 
Oia xrjv xov yXlov xivyoiv. Mtxafiaivovxog yag tov 
yXiov, xal b xvxXog ov bg$ imaxgicptxai ir xoig avxolg 

Digitized by LiOOgle 



14S AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

aripuoig cJV. 'Amigovg ydg iyxXiaug iyxtog&i avxbv 
xXi&yvat,* sI'tisq ygaqpijvat, xoiig psyloxovg xvxlovg, 
diuxwv aviiov <jT)[itl(or, dniigovg bdixfxat. — 7. Aid 
xi b ijkiog xal tj asXrivrj acpaigosidrj evict, inintda 
(pctfrsTcu; r t on ndvxwv oowv xb dnoaxrjfiit adr^Xov, 
oxe nXstov ?i eXaxxov dq>soxi]xtv , i$ i'aov yalvovicu; 
ware xal iqf bog fib, (uogece d* exovtog , dv /*ij t^ 
Xgoct dice (peg j] , dvdyxrj xd pbgia e| i'aov qpa/vfa#«t. 
To de i$ i'oov , bpaXov , xal inintdop dvdyxi) 
doxsiv a you. — 8. Aid %i tag axidg noiu o 
liXtog otvioxwv *** dvvwv paxgdg • algofisvog di 
iXaxtovg' inl Trjg peat} ft j2g lag d' , iXax^° ja ^ > M 
oti uviaxwv , to gib ngwxov nagdlXrfl.ov noiti 
rtiv axidv Ttj yfj , xal unugov tag dviaov vnsg- 
TBivei, I'ftsuu fxaxgav • <*£*#' ildxxw, fad to utl Ti)V 
ano tov avaxigov orjfislov tv&elav ivxog ninxuv. 
FmLgmv to A B* yXiog, ov to JT, xal ov to A' y di 
dnb tov r dxxU , iy yg to r Z t £$(oxig(a eaxcu Trig 
rJE. "Eaxc ds axid rj fib B E, avmega bvxog tov 
qXiov • Z\ ds B Z, xaxioxdxat' iXaxlaxrj ds, oow avma- 
xat, ji xal vnig X7\g x«paXyg. — ■ 9. Aid xi al dno tjJs 
asXrivijg axial fieifavg twp ano tov r>Xiov , oxav ano 
xqg avxi]Q wot xa&ixov /Iff dioxi dvtnxsgog b i\Xiog xt\g 
oeXfjptis; dydyxrj ovv ivxbg ninxsiv T^vdnbxov av<a- 
Tcoov dxxlra.^ rvtofitov icp cp A A, atX^yrj B, i'}Xi#g 
r. H fib [ovv\ dno xijg osXtjvijg axxlg, B Z. Jluit 
saxai oxyx j r\ xb A Z, % ds irnb xov yXiov , r] to JT£. 
Slaxs saiai axid i§ avayxyg ijixow • soiai ydg xb A 
&• -^- 1 0. Aw tI iv Taig tov yXiov ixXeitptatv, lav t*s 
&f(*)gy dta xoaxivov t) yvXXov, olov nXaxdvov, ^ aA- 
Digidzed by Google 



SECTIO XV. PROBL. 7—11. 149 

Xov nXaxvcpvXXov , rj xovg daxxvXovg xi\g kxigag ^e*- 
gbginl xr)vhigav im£iv$ag , firjvioxoi al avyal inl 
xrjg yr\g ylvovxai; *U oxi, won eg di 07V\g idv Xd^jt]] 
tvym'iov xb <pug, oxgoyyvXov xul xSwog yivtxai; «?- 
xiov ds , on dvo ylvovxai xwvoi , 6 dnb xov riXlov 
ngbg xrjv 6nr)v ^ xal b ivxsv&tv ngbg xr)v yip , xal 
ovyxoQvqioi. "Oxav ovv i^ovxcav ovxoag , ava&iv xv- 
xX($ dnoxifivrjxai , h'oxat (irjvloxog iS ivavxiag bit xrjg 
yrjg xov (fwxog • dnb xov ftr}vloxov ydg xrjg mgicpe- 
gslag , ylvovxai al dxxtvtg. Al 6i iv xoig daxxvXotg 
y.ccl xoaxlvoig, oiiov bnal ylvovxai, Jib imdyXoxtgov 
yivexcu, r) did xZv fisydXav bnav. Idnb di xi\g otXrj- 
v)]g oi ylvovxat , ovxt ixXetnovorjg , ovxe iv av$r]oti 
ovor\g , r] <pd-laei , dia xb fir) dxgiftug xdg dno xiav 
dxgwv avydg elvai , dXXa xip peaa q>alvtiv* o tie 
firjvioxog , ftixgbv xb peoov ifr«. — 11. dia xl 
Tragi'iXiog oi ylvtxai , ovxt (itoovgavovvxog xov 
ijXlov , ov& vnig xbv rjXiov , [ov& 3 vno xov 
liXiov,"] dX£ ix nXaylmv povov ; *H dioxt nagrjXiog 
ylvexai, xXafiivqg xrjg oipswg ngbg xbv r)Xiov; avxrj 
ds xov digog r) axaotg, icp rjg dvaxXdxat i\ oipig t ovx 
iyyvg ay yivoixo xov r)Xlov , ovxe noggw. *Eyyvg 
fiiv ydg ovoav, b ijXiog dtaXvaet' noggco ds ovorig, 
^ oyig ovx dvaxXao&r]oexai. Idnb ydg fiixgov ivo- 
nxgov Tioggco uvaxeivofiivrj , ao&evr)g ylvexai* dio 
xal aXXag oi ylvexai. 'El; ivavxiag xov ijliov psy 
ovv idv yivrjxai , xal iyyvg, dtaXvaet b rjXiog * idv djs 
noggco , iXdxxwv ij Syig ngogmouxai. Eav ds iv tw 
7tXctyi<ti ioxl , xooovxov dnoox^vai ovfi/3aivH xo IVo- 
nxgov , Jiaxt [irixs xbv r\Xiov diaXvoai, fiijM xr\v oyiv 



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150 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

u&goav uvtXduv , diet to vno tjjv yijv yigio&vi. 
'Tnb di tov tjXiov ov yiverai, dia to fUrjaiov fiev iitf 
yr]g bviog, diaXvto&ai av vno tov ijXiov ayco de fit- 
oovgaviov, ttjv ofiv dtaanaa&ai. Kal oXwg ovde ex 
nXayiag fieaovgaviov yiverai, on i) oujig vno tijv yqv 
iuv Xiav (pigrjTai, oXiyq rig Tjb evqnTgov ngognlnTU. 
"llaTe avaxXta^iivri^ngbg^nav, eoTaiao&svTJg. — 12. 
/jia ti %r\g axiag to axgov tov yXlov Tgifitiv opaive- 
rai; Ov yag dtj dtu to qpegeo&ai tov ijXiov advvarov 
yag xiyeia&ai rig Tavavua • o de Tgofiog, ToioiiTog. 
"Eti de adrjXog r t tttnxftaoig, wansg xal tov vXlov av- 
tov, H dia to xivtio&ai t« iv tw aigi; xaluiai de 
^vofiara • qpavega di ioTiv iv Tutg [uxtfoi Tvilg] diix 
twv dvgidbiv. TavTa yag xtvuTai, xav vrivti.ua ?J. 
1 Ex re ovv tijg oxiag rig to qwg , ex t« tou (fWTog rig 
ifjy axiav qpegopivoov an, xal o ogog 6 xoivbg tov 
qxotbg xal rrjg oxiag (palveTai xivov t ufrog nageyyug. 
Hi yag olov axiav noiovaiv , y da qpwg , kxaTtgwQtv 
(UTa/SaXXovTai Tavia. "Jlote r\ axid yaivtrai xtvti- 
adai, ov xivovfiivt] ah rr] ovtag, dXH ixeivai, 
S E C T I O XVI. 
*Ooa Titgl tu uipvjfa. 
dia ti al (uev fiaaeig ifav nofAQpokvytav Xivxal iv 
TOig vdaoi • xal iav iv ijXio) Tt&wai , axiav ov noiov- 
giv ' aXX 7] fisv aXXrj no/u<foXv$ axiav noiei , ?; ds ($u- 
aig ov noiu , aX£ 7]Xi(axai xvxXm * to ds I'i* 
&avfiaaTOTsgov , oxi ovde iav xi Tt&tj $vXov rig 
to vda>Q iv tw yXitp , tifivsTai vno tov vdaTog 
Tavra, "H ov yiviTai oxia, aXX 3 7jXi(^ dif t gr)Tai yoxtu; 
El ovv vxidioTi to ogwptvov , xal vno tov ytiov xu- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XVI. PROBL. 1 — 4 151 

xX(o Sv oowto 6 oyxog. Tovto ds oxi advvaxov, 
dsixvvrai iv xolg bnuxolg. Ovds yag to iXaxioxov 
it no xoi gityioxov ivdixttou oXov nsgioq>&ijvau — 2. 
Alol xl ainofiupolvyeg rjfiioqpaigia ; "H diet xb tag anb 
xivxgov 7IQQQ xbv aiga qpigeO'&ai £v(0 bpoiag natty ,• 
uvayxrj ds tovto fjfiioipalgiov elvai. To ds xaxm 
jjfxioopaigiov, unojifivstai vnb xov imnidov xov vda- 
xwdovg, iv a) to xivxgov ioxiv. — 3. Aia xi^iolg avi- 
oov to fia&oc e'xovoi psyi&ioiv, iav tig to koi/<jpotc- 
qov xivy, xvxXm Tiegupigsiai to ftaXXofiBvov, olov xolg 
[tspoXipdtojA&oig aojgayaXoig ovufiaivsi, avxig fiaXXji 
to xovapoxtgov ngbg avtbv axgiipag fiigog ; "ll on to 
(tagvisgov advvaiov ioodgofislv tw xovoporigat , anb 
xt}g avxr\g uj%vog (jupdep; in si di avayxrj fjisv nap- 
nav xivuo&ai , i$ i'oov ds advvaxov , bfiotax&g fisv 
ysgopsva, xi\v aiti\v oio&iiosTcu ygctfifiriv &axxovdk 
•frarigov qpsgoftivov, xvxXov ccvayxij qpigto&ai • insi- 
dy Iv xovtco fiovw tw oxyporii xavxa asl xaxaXXjjXa 
ovia oriftsia, iv Javiaj xgoyM avioovgdiigxsxaiygafji- 
f.idg. — 4. Aia xl xa nlnxjovxa inlxrjv yqvxal otcpccX- 
Xofisvu, bfiolctg yaviag itom ngbg to inlnsdov 
£q? ixuTsgu rov otjfisiov, w ijipaxo xov in in id ov ; *H 
ota navxa fiiv <pvosi (figtxamgog bg&j}v ; xa fiiv ovv 
stg bfiaXig neoovxotj xy xa&ix<$ xal xrj diapsxgy 
ngogxgovoctvxot xot in mid m , xooavxag noiu [las] 
yaviag ayaXXopeva , dice xb xyv (ih diafisjgov, to« 
diaigslv • xa ds slg xa nXayia nlixxovxa , ovxjj xa&i- 
tw itgogxgovovxa tcjj ^wo/m , aXXot xm uvwxigto xi\g 
xa&ixov oripsitp, avfifialvst, naXiv oifwo&ivTotvnbiov 
nXriyivtog xbnov , slg xovvavtiov opigso&ai • xa fisv 

Digitized by GoOgle 



152 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

orgoyyiXa, ou iv avtw yegopsva, slg TovvavTio*Ty$ 
dnwoewg iUXiTTETat , idv ts rjQSfifj to fiiaov vvt&Vt 
idv T8 xal totzov diaXXaxTji • t« ds sv&vyga^a , dti 

TO TV\V Xa&STOV (XVTGOV Sig TOVfJlTtgOO-dsV TlQOfBVE^&il' 

aav ixxgovso&ai, xa&dnsg xotg ts ^vgoofisvoig t« 
o%iXr\ avfu^oclyeij xal oav Tovg xoXv&goog vyagna- 
Zovoi. ndvrsg ydg ovxoi ttg xovvavtior xal oTrw&ev 
imninxovoiy did to lodfciv avid ttjv xddsrov, (istgo)- 
gov ts slvai xal sig Tovpngoa&sv ixxgoisa&ai. Ta 
ydg ivavTla drjXovoTi aityg, omo&iv [re] xal xdtw 
ovfi&afau yivso&au Kara ds qpsgopsva, fiagviega 
ay sl'jj. Vovv jovtoig mvypa , Tolg d<poUXoftsvojg 
qpogdv ovfifiaivsi yivso&at. Jlgog og&ri* /ucv ovv 
ovdhsga avxwv acpdXXsxat , did to ttjv jlsv xadsxov 
\pix<*\ 1$ pdgn diaigsivTa q*sg6[isva • xa&sTOvg xal 
nXsiovg ngbg tuvto ininsdov fit] yivso&ai TSfivovoag 
avxag* o ov/iPrjotTM tovtois, xatfiiov yivoftivrjg 
xaxd Tt\v ScpaXow, ji ngoosxgovos t^J inntidca to opc- 
gdftsvov, dixoTOfisio&cu ndXiv in avTijg avio ovp- 
/JijffeT«t. "jIgts dwyxalov jifiviodou vn av%i}g Tip 
ng(OT7iv xd&stoy v(p r^g iqpsgeto. 'Ensl d* eig tou- 
vavxiov (ih olo^anai, ngog og&ijv ds ovx olo&rjos- 
tcu, Xoinov 6$uav yivsa&ai yaviav ttjv inl &aiig<$ 
tov ngognsoovtog t<£ ijiinidco arjfisiov. "Ogog yag 
ioxiv 7j og&ri tcov ivavxiaav ycjviav, — 5. Aid ti o 
psv xvXivdgog wo&elg, tig sv&v ts (pigsxai, xal ygd- 
<pst sv&siag Toig ogi£ovoiv ainbv xvxXoig * o ds xw- 
vag xvxXca nsgiyigsTai , trjg xogvcpyg ftsvovorjg , xal 
yga<pu tov xvxXov t« oglfrvTi; KvxXa usv dficpoTega 
<psgstai , ygdqpu d* iv %$ inmsda) , 6 fiiv xvXivdgog 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECT10 XVI. PROBL. 4-6. 153 

tv&tiag, o ds xwvog xvxXovg, did xb xovg uiv ivxtg 
xtavio avlaovg ttvai xvxXovg, qpigso&ai ds atl xHxxxov 
xov fiH&va iwv ntgl xb alio xivxgov, fPtgo/iivav 
ds dvioag ndvxmv dfia xwv iv tw xwvaj xvxXoav, ovp- 
fialvti xovg iSuxdxat nXtiaxov iv xavTU) ^oVw xbnov 
xctl ygafifiyv qpsgto&ai' dib xal xvxXw qpigovxai. 
JTgdqiovxai te ydg -ndvxtg xfl aixtj tv&tia • xal xr\g 
iv&tiug xvxXw ftiv qptgopivyg , ov navxa xu iv auTJj 
orjfiua Xar\v iv xavio) XQO V( 9 ygdtpti ygafifirjv • tig 
tvdv ds q>igu xtjv vor]v. Tov di xvXlvdgov ndvxtav 
£l(j(ov2 ° VT(0V ™v xvxXctv xal ntgl xavio xivxgov, 
ovfjfialvsua apaxov ininidov iv avtolg nav& dmofiim. 
voig arjfitla, (psgtoO-aixe iooxaxng xvXiofiivovg , did xo 
rqvg xvXlvdgovg Vuovg ilvai, xalijxtiv inlxb inlntdov , 
ixdXiv apa ixxvXio&ivru txaoxov xov aixov xvxXov 
tooxe xal xag iv t$ inintda tv&tiug I'oag yivta&ai, 
Tr t ydg aixwv aqpfj avxdg tygaipav, bvxtglaotxt xal 
iooxaxsig. *Eylvovxo ds tid-tiai ai vnb xr\g avxrjg 
ygaytloai ygaftfirjg tig tvfrv q>tgofiivrjg • ware did 
tavxag tig sv&v uvacpigoixo b xwXivdgog. /jiaqpigti 
ydg ov&tv, rj y ngaixrj inpaxo 6 xvXivdgog xov inini- 
dov yga t upjj, xavxtj eXxtiv iv tw imntdco , tj iyxvXitiv 
a&xo. *Asl ydg iorjv xal opoiav ygafifirjv xuv iv x$ 
xvXlvdgco ovfifirjOExai anxta&ai xov ininidov , kXxo- 
fnivov xs xal xvXiopivov xov xvXlvdgov. — 6. did xl 
xwv pipXicov ij xofir) ovoa Ininsdog xal sv&iia, idv 
[riv xig xifivy nagd xr)v (ldoiv x ylvtxai tv&sia dvtXn- 
topivrj' idv de iyxXivag, oxoXid; "Hot* ovpPaivti 
wv iv jfi higu xopjj xvxXfav iv xavxS inmidg ov- 
Twy, Tqv iyxexXiuivi)v xopnv fin nagaxtipivtiv thai A 

Digitized by GoOgle 



154 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

v.ML iv xjj fiiv nXitov, ty ds tXaxxov aixrig anixtivj 
Hoxe i^tXuxo^iivoVi, ol fiiv iv xavxdj ivtnidoj ovisg 
xvxXoi, xal xrjv agxyv fyovxeg iv xavxia inmidtp, tijp 
i$ avx&v Ttoi^aovot ygafiifiijv i$sXixx6[isvoi. **Eoxi 
yag v\ ytyvofiivri ygaftfiy ix xwv xvxXav, 61 siaiv iv 
ruvfM imnido) • ware xal si&sia ovoa iv inmidtp , % 
xs itjq Xo$r>g TOfiyg iUXixxofiivtj yganfirj ovx ovaa 
naga xyv tiqwttjv, aXXa xjj fib nXiiov, xjj ds eXaxxov 
avi%g duoirjxvla, dice xoxyv xoftijv ovxwg tysw ngbq 
avxi\v,ovx iv imnid(inoxai. t, Jlox8ov8 t ev&ua* Tijgyag 
sv&tlag ovxsaxi, xb/*8V,ivixXXa)ijit7iidM, xo di f iv it XX ok 
— 7. diuxidiaigovfievaxa fisyi&^,iXaxxa (paivsxat 
nuvxa xov bXov/H oxi diaigovfitva fiev agi&pov ix Pi 
nuvxa, fieyidei ds iXaxxw ioit xov evog; To fiiv yag jug- 
yot, iw xotxa avvixsiav elvcu xal nooov xt, fxsya Xsys- 
xut • o dt agidfiog xs nag, navxog ptyi&ovg agi&fiov 
Ixti'Qwv. Aionsg uxbg xo oXov diaigs&svx&v X(ov ^u£- 
gdv fitl^ov qpaivtofrai. T&v aviwv yag ovxojv avxdtv, 
TOfievoXov xjjv xov fieyi&ovg szeiftaXXov<pvaiv, ovv- 
tXtg ov ' xa ds (ntgrj , xijv xov agi&fiov* — 8. Twv 
mgl xrjv xXsipvdgav avuPaivovxwv, xb fiiv oXov soixtv 
alxiov slvai, xa&aneg 3 Ava$ayogag Xsyti • 6 yag ar f Q 
ioxiv aVuog, ivanoXafipavofisvog iv avitj, xov pi] «Itf- 
tivat xb vdcog imXij<p&svxog xov aXXov. Ov firjv 
dnXwg yi ai'x tog • r.av yag xig aixrjv nXayiav ivsirj tig 
xo vdag, imXaftwv xov avXbv, siotioub vdcog. d ion eg 
ov Xsysxai in avxov ixavwg ji ai'x to v ioxiv, Moxi 
ds alitor fiiv, xa&dnsg sYgrjxai , o ar\g • ovxog 5c> 
t»&ovfisvog xs xal xa&* havxbv cptgofievog xal py /?t<K J 
toptyog , iri iv&dag nd<pvxe a>ig$o&ai, xa&cnteg *at 

Digitized by GoOgk- 



:-» 



f SECTIO XVI. PROISL. — 8. 155 

uXla oroiztla. lllaylagy.lv ovv (3 ays turfs xyg xlt- 
Vjvdgag t did xwv ivavxiwv xoig iv tw vdati xgvnr^kd- 
xcov , in iv&eiotg fievtov vnb xov vdaxog i$igx&xaf 
VTiox<tiQQvvTog de avxov , xb vdtag rioegxtxai' og&yg 
de rig xb vdwQ (iaq)*lar\g xrjg xleipvdgag, ov dvvdpe- 
vog ngbg ogdijv inoxagriv, did to ntqtgdx&ai *« dvto, 
fiivei negl xd ngoixa xgvntjfiaxa. "Axxto&ai ydg rig 
avxbv ov nd<pvxe. JZrjfieiov fl' ioxl xov tlgyeiv dvva- 
o&ai xb xdwg axivyxi£ovxa xbv aiga, to in aviyg 
yivopevov xtjg xlf yvdgag. 'Eav ydg tig avirg avxi\v 
ttjv xagdlav ifxnlr]oag vdaxog , intlaiSuv xbv avlov t 
xaxaoxgiipj] inl xbv avlov , ov opigexai to vdotg did 
xov avlov inl (jio/i n. *Avotx&ip*og de to 5 axdfiaxog, 
ovx ev&vg ixgii xaxu xbv alloy, cilia fttxgoxigoj voxt- 
gov, tog ovx ov inl tw oxofiaxi xov avlov, al£ voxe- 
gov dta xovtov- qjfQofitvov , avoix&ivxog. fflrjgovg 
de xal ogdyg ovoijg xrjg xletpvdgag , apotx&wiog xov 
avlov, ev&vg get did xov io&ftov , did xb ixtivov ftev 
anxto&ai , xwp de axgwv xov avlov py anxeodai. 
Ovx doigxBxui fiev ovv xb vdcog rig xrjv xlevJvdgav, 
did xi\p • ngottgtjfiivrjv ah lav. *E$igxtxai de dvoi- 
X&ivxog xov avlov, dta xb xbi> iv avxw aiga xivovfie- 
vov dvta xal xdxoo , nollyp xivwatv noielv xov iv xrj 
xlsipvdga vdaiog, 3 Jld-ovfitvov de xdi(o, xal auto 
Qinov rig aixb , ilxoxcag ixgii, fiia^o/jitpov xbv ixxog 
xijg xletpvdgag aiga xtvovuevov xe , <otal bvxa ioov xjj 
dvpapei xw inia&ovvxt avxbv digi, xy de avitgeiaet 
ao&evioxBgop ixsivov , did xb did oxevov avxov xov 
avlov geovxa, &dxxov xalocpodgoxegov §e~iv,xalngoo- 
nlmziv xuj vdaxi, Tov de nwuaod-'ivxog xov avlov 



, y Google 



156 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

ff?J ovggsiv , to vdwg al'tiov, on to Zdwg sloibv sU 
it\v xXtyiogav , gio&si (lia top dsga e| avtrjg. 2i}- 
fiitov 6i ion to yivoptvov iv tavtjj nvevfia xal igvy- 
Hog. Eioioviog ds tov vdatog y (Ha w&iov, avyeioni- 
ntu tig to? avXbv aitov, xa&dntg tot ixmeotd £vXct, 
i) XaXxbg tj} diaigiott mt^afisvog , fiivuavsv navtbg 
aXXovovvdiofiov t t(o; avixxgovo&r\ ixtov ivavtiov,xa- 
^dntgtovgxattayoxagoTiiovgovgivtdtg^vXoigixxgov- 
ovoi. 2v[i(ialvn 5e tovto dvoixfivtog tov avXov yive- 
o&ou,dia t« ngotigyfuva. "ilovvdid tavtadxog ionv 
avtbv nr\ ixgtlv, % iSwvjog pialov aigog xal nvtv- 
Hatovfisvov. Jr\Xoi Si b xpoqpog imondo&at rat 
nvevpan to vdag avta , aoneg inl noXXwv avfi^aivs* 
ylvto&ai. 'fimonwpfvov &e xal ovvtxig ov cwiai naw 
to vtiwg , nivn mstopevov vnb rov aigog, ttag av 
anoorfi ndXiv iii aiiov. Tyg ds agxyg ^vovorjg, 
xal to SXXo i$ avtijg xgifiatat, vdcag ev xal ovvtxig* 
JEvXoyov 8t f tovioyivto&at' tov yag altov ion xt- 
vijaai t« ix tr\g oixsiag ^woa? tl, xal tovto loxeiv ixtbg 
ixeivrig, iv nitiovi ds XQ° V( & > * aV V ofioia tfi dvvdfiti 
to t ts sxov xal to ixopevov , ij [*Ij to Joov xguttov * 
ontg ivtav&a ovftfiaivu. Ilvtvfia yag vdatog tan 
xguttov tr\ dvvdpu. — 9. did tl td ^ogia tmv qpv- 
tSiP xal twv JaW, ooa /u?) ogyavixd, ndvta nsgtqpsgri ; 
tbiv fiiv qivitov to oiiXtxog , xal ol ntog&oi • twv ds 
Jo/wy, xprjfiat, jirigol, Pgaxlovsg, dugaS' tgiymvov di 
ovdknoXvywvov, ovts oXov ovts fiogiov ion; Uotsgov, 
wontg 9 Agxvxag I'Xtys, did to iv trj xivqosi ty qpvatxji 
ivslvat trjv tov i'oov dvaXoylav • (xiveiofrat yag aya- 
Xoyov ndvta^ tavttjv $& ^dvv\v tig aitrjy dvaxdu- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XVI. PROBL. 8-13. 157 

tttsw OKJT8 xvxXovg noiuv xal orgoyyvXa otav fyyi- 
*i7Ta«/ — 10. did %i iv Tolg ioxdioig dtl yivtxai m- 
qicpEQT}; "H on ■?; cpvoig ix twv ivdexopivw ndviu 
noul ag dvvaTOv dgioia xal xdXXiota; to di oxyut* 

TOVTO XaXXlGTOV , TO UVTO CUVTto OUOlOTttTOV. -^—11. 

did tly idv xvxXog $i<pjj, to piv ngwtov tv&eiav ygd- 
q>w navoptvog de, shxa, i'wg av may ; *H tv&tiav 
pkv to TtqChov > ori ofioitog tv&tv xal tv&tv o aijg 
(xnoQ&o~i i*'lar\g ovv ovorjg jrjg yonijg i'v&ev xal tv&tv, 
dvdyxy xctl %r\v ygajtprjv Toiavtijv tlvai, rj loovdiai-- 
gst tov touov iv&ev xal tv&ev. Totavrrj di ioriv 
ti&iia. "Otav di Pgioy inl -frdxtgov fiigog dt «yw- 
uuXiav tov ntguorccftivov aigog , oixiu \arp ygdyu 
to ts iyibg xal to ixTogfjisgog, dX£ dvdyxri ntgiytgrj. 
— 12. (cf. sup. 3.) did tlioig dvioov to^d&og h'xovtrf 
peyid~eoiv,idvtigxov(p6TsgovxiPJ]Tiovptg(»>v,xvxX<»)7it- 
gupigsiai to (la XXoptvov; Oiov toig fitfioXi/Sdcouivoig 
ddigaydXois ovufiaivti, idv Tig pdXXy to xovcpoxtgov 
ngogavTov OTgiyag fiigog," Hoti TO^agvTsgov ddvva- 
tov loodgofieiv t$ xovqiotdga dnb Tijg avTrjgloxiog gi- 
q>&iv ; intl di dvdyxrj fiiv xivuo&ai, it; i'aov di xal 
in tv&tiag ddvvaTov, dvdyxij tig to ivxbg <ptg6fi8- 
vov , xvxXu) qiigso&ai' olov si oXwg tI v\v avtov axi- 
vi)tov did (idgog Iv {day, to fiiv ngbg t<£ dqnivxi, tig 
to ngoo&sv av ixivydrj aviov pigog' to divn ixtiva, 
ngbg tov dcpisvjcc. 3 Entl di xivutai fiiv to nav, tx u 
di iv (Atom to fidgog (ftgofAtvov, dvdyxr] [*«*] tcwto 
tovto no'tiv. — I'd. did i/ t« ytgopeva otav dvu- 
niorj , uydXXtrai, tig Tovvavxiov rj niyvxe cfigta&at, 
xal ngbg bfioiag ymiag f - " II on ov povov ixtij'ijv 

Digitized by GoOgle 



158 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

(pigstanitv yoouv, rjv (pigtiai xaxd to oixtiov pigog, 
aXXd xal ttjv vnb tov dopUvtog yivofiiyrjv; c JI fiivovv 
olxslct iraveTott, biav tig tov oixtiov sX&jj to'ttoi*. 
°Anav yag tj'gsfitl, iXdbv tig ov cpsgetat, totiov xard 
qpvoiv, Ka&* fjv d' fysi dXXotgiav, dvdyxrj I'n xmt- 
adcu* ovx tig to ngoo&tv di, did to xcoXvto&aij 
aXX rj tig to nXdyiov, r\ tig to oq&ov. '^navta ds 
a7t07i7]da ngbg'bfioiag ycaviag, did to q>igto&ai p.iv 
iviav&a, ov r) xivr\aig opsgti, r]v inoltjotv 6 uqptig. 
Exti ds ngbg outlay, rj ngbg 6g&r)v <pigso&ai ovfifial- 
vu. *Eml ovv to dviixgovaav xtaXvti %r)v tig sv&u 
xivrjoiv, ofioltag xwXvti to optgofitvov xa* tr k v qpogdv 
avzov. u Jlontg ovv iv rotg xcrtomgoig to axoov trig 
tv&siag ov £vvintosv r) oipig qpaivtiai, xal iv lolg 
qptgofiivoig o&toj to Ivwtiov ylvstai, Tooavtrjv 
yag yap lav dniaoTai, borjv yiyttai [rf^ xcnuxogv- 
q>j}v, Ati yag vor\aai fitjaxivovfiivrjv %r]v ymiav 
xal %r)v cpogotv. Tovrov di ytvouivov, opavsgbv bit 
ngbg bfiolag ywiag d<pdXXsvai. 

sectio xvn. 

"Oaa mgl fyixpv/ct. 
J id ti ol aovfifitjgoi na$ dXXrjXotg &ti»)gov[is- 
vot, psi£ovg qpalvovTai tj xa& aviovg fiovovg; *// 
on to ovpfitrgov ioiiy ty, xal r) ovufisrgla (Voti* &,] 
oti fidXtota ty noitl; to di ty, dtiiaigrtov (SovXtiu* 
tlvai. To di ddialgttov , XXaxtby ioriy. C JI Si 
ovftfittgla xaTo Ttjv diacpogdv noXXd noitl. Ka(f 
Avtu ftiv ovv dttagovptva , fiuXXov Xav&dvti, nola 
«TTa xa ptyi&ij iarh nagdXXtjXa di, ov. To ftiv ovv 
"diotfyejov, tv (paivtrai, xal r) &tugia fila ionv av- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECT10 XVII. PROBL. 1-3. 159 

tov, did ir\v ovfifistgiav • to ds dovppstgov, a>$ 7ioA« 
Xd ov, -frsugiav noisl nXsloa • xat ju«/£w q>alvtxai, dia 
to sv ov , HOXAa <paivto&ai. "£x sl /«? t?/v t« tou 
ftsyt&ovg xatd ii}v avvsxsiav <pvoiv, xal tr\v tou 
«^t^ov xaia to taa>/i«/o*' twv fxiqoiv dionsg sixo- 
t«£T^y i$ dfapolv av.Syoiv sxov t fis1^ov (paivsxamagd 
to aTiioi'j' xa* IV. — 2. ^iar t/ inl jf ijjxo? fidXXov td 
£wa xal t« <puT« yvexai; "Hon to fiyxog fisv, tglg 
av$stai* to ds nXdtog , dig* to ds pd&og,dna$; 
son ydg ftfjxog, to dnb xi\g agxyg ngwxov * wotc fio- 
vov ts av$sxai, xal Spat tw nXdxsi ndXiv yivopsvov, 
xal tgixov dptx tw pd&ii' to ds nXdxog, dig, xa& 
lavxo tf, x«t cf'/ia toj psys&ii. — 3. Hug to ngd- 
tsgov xal [to] vatsgov del Xafitlv ; JJoxsgov wontg 
flixwv oi inl Tgoiag, xal ixsivav oi ngo avxatv, xal 
del oi tJidvoo ngoxsgoi daw; "il sl'nsg dgxrf tig ion 
xal fiioov xal tilog tov navxbg, xal otav yrjgdoxwv 
tig inl to nigag sl&fi, xal ndXiv inavaotgiiprj inl 
tr t v agx*}?, td ds iyyvxsgto trig ugx^g ngotsga, ti xw- 
Xvu ijfidg iv tw ngbg tip dgx^v ilvai fidXXov; si ds 
ngbg tovto, xotV ngotsgoi si'rjfisv, ciomg inl tov ov- 
gavov xal sxdatov tav aotgmv q>oga xvxXog tig iott' 
ti xu)Xvti xal tr\v ysvsaiv xal ti)v dndXsiav twv 
q>&agtiav toiavxijv slvai, wots tavxa ndXiv yivso&ai 
xal <p&slgso&ai ; xa&dmg xal <paol, xvxXov tlvai td 
dv&gamva. To psv dtj tw dgi&po) tovg avtovg 
d$iovv elvai del tovg yivopivovg, tvt)&tg % to di t<£ 
il'dst, fidXXov av tig dnodt&aixo* wow, xdv a^toJ 
ngotsgoi tl'rjfisv, xal &sty av tig trp tov slgpov td- 
$iv toiavxriv thai, &g ndXiv inavaxd^inttiv inl tip 

Digitized by GoOgle 



100 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

ugxh v ) xal avvlx*$ TiotuVy xal usl xaxd xuvxd sxeiv. 
Tovg yag dv&g(*7iovg <prjolv jlXxfialav diet xovxo 
dnoXXvo&ai, bxi ov dvvavxai xijv dgx'hv J $ tslu 
ngoadyai • xofiipwg slgyxag, el xig ag xvjko q>gd$ov- 
xog aviov dixoixo , xal pi] diaxgifiovv i&iXoi to Ac- 
%dir. El $6 xvxXog ioxl, xov de xvxXov pyxs dgxh> 
firjTS nigag, ovd' av ngoiegot, ehv, tw iyyvxigea xijg 
dgxyg slvat, oi}& filing ixsiv(ov y ovx extlvot fjfiwt. 
8FCT10 XVIII. 
"Ova Tiegl (piloXoyfav. 
did xl xovg fiiv , idv agS&vxai avayivoiuxuv, 
vnvog Xappdveixal fty flovXofidvovg* xovg 8s fiovlo— 
fiivovg ngosygrrfogivai, Stay Xafaoi (HifiXiov ; (cf. inf. 
7.) "H oooig fiiv tioi nvevpaxixal xivyoug dun ipvxgd- 
xrjxa qtvatag, tj (AsXayxoXixwv xvfM.iav,di ovg nsgixxco- 
fxayivsxai nvivpaxixov ansnxov didifJVxgoxrixa,TOV- 
xoig oiav fxev xivyxai i\ didvoia xal (jitj votjoj) im- 
axyaaod xi t ixxgovsxai xjj kxiga xivr\au ovay xemx- 
xpvxxixjj • dio pdXXov xa&evdovatv ; oxav di £gdo<»- 
gi ngog xt iv xr\ diavolcc, wonig f\ avdyvwoig noiti, 
xivovvxai vno xrig &sg(iavxixyg xirijoswg ovx ix- 
xgovofiiv^g vn ovdivog* owxe ov dvvavxai xa&tv- 
duv xwv de xaxd cpvoiv ixovxow, oxav oxy ngbg Ivy 
diavoivt xal fii\ fiBxapaXXji noXXaxjj ioxvgoxdxrj ov- 
ira, I'oxexai xal xd aXXa oaa ioxl nsgl xbv xbnov xov- 
xov, tuv 7Jgipr t oig 6 vnvog ioiiv. "Oxav de oxy, xal 
oiov xomdoji ° vovg, fiagvvtc xrjv xsyaXtjv xd iv -«i- 
*fi> *al notsl xbv vnvov xivovuivyg 8s xr t g yvxvs 
xaxd q>votv, ov xa&svdu • £jj ydg xoxs fidXioxa. To 
8 iygriyogivat,, xov #Jy atxiov ioiiv, ij xb xadtv- 

Digitized by GoOgk 



SECT10 XVIII. PROBL. 1-6. 161 

deiv. — 2. did tlol igiouxol Xoyot yvpvaotixoi tloiv ,- 
'!ff otis'xovoito vutaiv, ij yttdo&ai nvxvov ; &dovei- 
xovg ovv bv&vq noiovoi. Kalydgvtxwvtsg, did to xal- 
geiv ngodyoptai pdXXov igi&v • xcu rixxdptvoi, tog 
dvajiaxovfievoi* Mai ol iv tdtg aXXoig ayotoi taixo. 
dio xctl fictzojievoi xal ijttovg ovteg, noXXaxig ov 
povXovxab diaXveo&ai. — 3. did tltotg nagadsiy- 
fiaai xuiQoyoiv ol av&gtanoi h taig gytogslaig xal 
toig Xoyoig paXXov titty iv&VfAtjfidtmv / 'Iff oxi t<5 t$ 
(Aavdavtiv XttlyovoL, xa* tgj taxv ; gaov di did twv 
nagadeiypdxwv xal twv Xoywv pavddvovow. "a 
yaq I'aaoiy, cot* tavta xal inl psgovg. Ta di iv&v- 
p^pata, dnodi&ig ioxtv ix tmv xa&oXov , a f^ttov 
i'apsv % ta pigrj. >f Eti olg Sv fiagtvg&oi nXeiovg, 
yattov moTsvofjuv. Ta ds nagadilypaxa xal ol 
Xoyoi, pagxvgiaig iolxaoiv. Al di did tmv pagtv- 
gw, gydioi niotsig. v Eii to opoiov pavd-dvovaiv 
r]d£(ag m to di nagadstypa xal ol fiv&oi, to ofioiov 
duxvvovoi. — 4. Aid xl grjxoga piv xal xgyttaxioxip 
nat otgatrjyov Xiyofttv dsivov avXrjtrjp dixal vno- 
xgivqv, ov Xsyopev; *H oxi tZv /ieV rj dwafiig avsv 
nXeove&ag • (?/ dovrjg ydg otoxaotlxrj ioti) xtiv di, 
ngog to nXBovsxtslv grjttog yag xal oxgaxrjybg xal 
Xgypatioxrjg, dya&og ioxiv, o dvvdfievog nXiov %x uv ' 
i) di d&ivoxrig pdXtoxa h t$ nXtovsxxsiv ioxiv. — 
5. (Cf. 30, 9.) Aid ti tbv ydooocpov tov gyxogog oV- 
ovtat diaqpiguv ; n H oxi, o fiiv , ti ioxiv adixla* o 
di, tag ddixog o diiva; xal o piv, ott tvgawog • o di, 
olov tvgavvig. — (y. Aid ti, dnsg $v tivsg ngoiXwv- 
taiy ivdiatgiftovoi tovxoig iviott yavXoig ovoi /uaA- 
Arist. Probl. I* 

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162 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

Xov, n iy ™~g onovdaioxigoig; olov davpaxonoibg, 
* uluog, v avgixxi^g [idXXov, y datgovoftog f\ fyMQ 
*W av SovXoixo o xavia eXofitvog. *H oupovlov- 
tea fih IViot t« onovdtooxaxa pna&iQ&o&ar dip 
■ ds xb pj moxevtiv iavtdlg dtg dwijoopivoig, diet xov- 
io ov ngdxxovaiv; *BToti, iv olg ol'exat, Zxaoxog xoa- 
xioxtvtiv, xavxaTtgoaiguxai; o 9i aiQUtm, *** ■ * n * 
xovi tnt&xai, vifiav xb ttAwotov ^eoaj avTcg fis- 
^05, tva aitbg aviov xvyxdvy xgdxioxog a>y. O, w 
fli «V Tives £ «flWff SWtcu, xat ois «v cWMfriatfai- 
a/v, oMi V f " duvavxai xd /taWo). Jii<p&*g™ 
ydg rj didvoia did qxtvXag ngoaigiong. — 7. (cf. 
bu P . 1.) A* *l T ™S V th > * v «?- wyToa ^ayivtaoxuh 
vnvog lauPdvu xal giii PovXojjiivovg- Tok & ov 
povXopivovg, noin dvvao&ai, oxav Xdpuai fapiiov i 
"Hoooig [iiv thi Tivtvpaxixa} xivrjotiQ did ipvxQOin- 
xa <j>t/as«S, n (itXayxoXixw zvpAv, dV ovg negizxwpa 
ylvixai nvtvfianxbv anmxov did yvzgojrjza, xovtoic 
oxatv fxh xivr\xai i) didvoux, xctl [irj yojj Jiuoxrjoaoo 
zi, ixxgovsxai i\ kxigot xlvr\oig. A\o paMov [in* 
pdXXovxtg noXv ti> didvouxv, xa&svdovoiv • rjxxdx* 
ydg t) nvGVH<xxi'xr}. "Oxav de igdouoi ngog^ xt xifl 
didvQiav, ontg n dvdyvuovg noiei, xivovvxat vnb xjs 
nvevpaxixyg xivfamg, ovx ixxgovo[isvr}g vn oydsvos' 
wars ov dvvctvxcu xa&svdeiv. Twv ds xaxd yvav 
ixovxtov, oxav axfj ngbg iv 7) fuivoiaj xctl [tjl [if** 
pdXXrj noXXazy, ioxuxaixdlxd aXXaoaa mgl xbv to- 
noy'&v rtgiurjoig o vnvog ioxiv. c £vbg jdg xvglo* 
ardrtog , aomg iifxgonf it cxdvxa xd aXXct [togittt 
niyvxzv 'wtccq&cu. &vou ydg aVai to xov(pov 9«* 

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SECT10 XVIII. PROBL. 7- l0 . m 
pray to Si ^gv, X0 J TW . " 0ray oly . . 

or, «« o.ov „„,„'„, h ^ voSf ^ xu{ 

tot, aaio,) .ui «i To^sra^A^fl ''„•*? 

^m „ ^^ , aI ^o f «, <iAA' o£* i, alt iAOnJ 
Hxttvcupe, yag, uogwttiv noiovaiv aviat Si ov 

C ■?' *™ , w '' T< ? ff 4rwwwie oi* & (on , 5A, w„ ; 

Hon owiio^/ias Mi 9 aty6iunsf i, lUyots Si i 
ovUoyw^. xal ( av ^xt,,,, xq6vov iyov . 

nagaloywjiot 8 V Xo ? , x«j 1W S ?<Jo>x„, iwdetftf,. 
— 9.^«a T f wore to* !oro ? «»,. ij'uW axoiout, w, 
mo, « ow f oi, xl ,„3,- ? raV »« f * »oU« »,a^an»o- 
lunw, H Siou to7e y V co 9 ,fi0Ugo,e fiZUo, ngooi- 
Xttpw.™ n»m avrm, dxovof,,* ; yrmgtptntw Si 
eau to ugto/uvo* iov uoghiov. To uiv ov, IV 
»Q«nw' ra Si noUa, toD .fo^ov ,i«fy„'. __, I0 ' 

^« xo^fy ,„ . ^ & ' T , t0%9 Miy n6 , , 
vmoTovfitviy oh 8i i*iorovi,», oizWfuta' 
t« de t yy Vi , uojuq 'hi alo&at>oiit#a,xuln* 8 l xoviay 
axovovitg, ovx vS6ftt&a'. 

SECTIO XIX. 
i Oaa mgl ugfiovlur. 

4w tloi novowtcg xeit oi unoiavovrss ailovr- 
toi i ,- "// iV« oi ftiv jjttov Xvnmvxat • oi Si , ftaXXo* 

Xaigmet. 2. (cf. 11, 12.) Jii ti noggmtgov o ttv- 

» 1^2 



184 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

frivol; rovro M *M *««»*., * •« *»»• 
u«»$«mm< /towtov Wofrwr, dw *o /iw, io^P " 11 

AjtiV. "fin *at to awjjtffff, n^ fifiMw T0V aavrV 



Digii«db,Google 



SECTIO XIX. PROBL. 3- 12. 165 

&ovg, — 6. dia xi r) nagaxaxaXoyr) iv xaig ghWc 
xgayixov; *H diet xi\v nvfopuXiav; na&rjxixbv yag xb 
avwftaXsg, xal iv fisyi&n xvxW ? Xv7tr\g. Tod* 
bpaXbv, eXaxxov yowdsg. — 7. (cf. 47.) dia xi ol 
agxaioi, bixaxbgdovg agfiovlag noiovvxsg , xijv vttcc- 
Tqv, aXfi oi vrfxrjv xaxiXmov ; IJoxegov xovxo y/ei?- 
dog ; (apyoxigag yag xaxiXmov, xr)v ds xgixrp 4£rf- 
govv) t) ov\ aXJ! oxi t) fiagvxiga locust xbv xrjg <>&/- 
xsqcc<; q>&oyybv (aaxs fiaXXov rj \>naxr\ cbrsdidov to 
avxiyowov, rj r) vtjxtj • insl xb o£v, dvvaptwg paXXov • 
to ds flagi), $$ov <p&iy$ao&ai. — 8. did xl % £«- 
geicc xbv xrjg o£siag ioxvsi q)&6yyov;*II oxi (iii£ov 
xo (ictgv; xrj yag afi^Xda I'oixs' xb de, xji blzia 
yam'a. — 9. dia xi ijdiov xrjg fiovojdiag axovopsv, 
iav Tie ngog avXbv if Xvgav adjj • xaixoi ngbg x°Q~ 
dag xal to avxb piXog adovoiv apqpoxigtog ; Ei yag 
exi fiaXXov xb avxb, nXiov tdn ngbg noXXovg avXr]- 
xag, xal&xi ydiov slvai. *H oxi xvyxivmv dtjXog xov 
axonov paXXov , oxav ngbg avXov r] Xvgav; xb ds 
ngog noXXovg avXyxag tj Xvgag noXXag , ovx iftiov, 
oxi a<pavi£ei xr)v mdriv. — %0.dia xl, n ijtiiov */ av- 
&gmnov qxavr) , r) avsv Xbyov adovxog ovx r]8mv 
iaxlv, olov xegexi&vxtov, aXX' cruXbg ?/ Xvga; *H ovd* 
ixu, iav pr) [xtpijxai , bfioitog r)b*v ,- ov fiyv aXXa xal 
dia xo sgyov avio. < H fitv yag (pavr) rjdiwv r) xov 
av&gwnov ' xgovaxtxa ds fiaXXov xa ogyava xov 
axofiaxosi 9 dib ijdiov axovsiv, % xegexi&iv. . — 11. 
diet xi ij anyxovva, bgvxsga ; ™H oxi XXaxxov, ao&s- 
veoTsga yivofAevr}; — 12. dia xi x&v X^Q^wv r) (in- 
Qvxiga out xb fiiXog XaufiavH; av yag ditjxai nam 



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ICG ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

xrjv n ctou p i a r t v avv ipdf, xjj (Aday, ylvixai xb (xiaor 
Qv&ev r t xxov*idv ds xr\v fiiorjv, b*£ov cfyiqpw, xpiXd cv 
yivtxai. "II oxv xb pagv fisya iaxiv wore xgars- 
gbv; xal I'vsoxiv iv tw fisydXat xo fuxgov xal xjj 
diaXrjipsi dvo r>ixai iv xr\ vnaxg yivovxai, — 13. 
Aid xi iv xij did naowv, xov (*sv 6%iog, dvxlqxovov yi- 
yzioh xb fiagv* xovxov de, xb 6$v ov ; "// oxi pdXi- 
oxa fiev iv ifupotv iaxi xb aptpdiv fiiXog; ft di /*»/, 
iv xo> flagst* (iu£ov yag. — 14. Aid xi Xav&ttvei xb 
did naowv, xal doxn ofioaxovov tivui, olov iv xo> 
yoivixio) xal iv Tai ax g onto ; Ta yag iv xotg oKaiv 
ovxa, ovx o/toqpwva, aXX* avaXoyov uXXrjXoig did na- 
ow*\ "jl oxt aonsg b avxbg tlvai doxsi q>&oyyog, 
did xb avaXoyov looxr\g inl qp&oyytov; xb di taov 
xov hog. Tavxb de xovxo xal iv xalg avgiyliv i$a- 
naxoovxai. — 15. Aid xi ol fuev vbfioi om iv avxt- 
axgocpoig inoiovvxo * al de aXXai utdal at xogixai; 
*Hoxi ol fikv vofioi, aytoviaxwv rjaav, wv ydij fjifiu- 
o&ai dvvafiivav xal diaxHvco&ai, rj (tidy iyivixo [ta- 
xgd xal noXvsidrjg ; Kad-dneg ovv xal xd gypaxa, 
xal xd piXrj xjj fiifirjoti rjxoXov&st, ail exega yivofjis- 
va. MaXXov yag xw fiiXu dvayxq [Aifisio&ai, »} xdig 
()T}fUocai. At o xal ol di&vgapftoi, ineidr} [iiprixtxol 
iyivovxo, ovx exi sxovoiv dvxiaxgocpovg, ngoxsgov di 
tlxov. Alxiov de, oxi xb naXaibv ol iXev&egoi ixo- 
qtvov avxoL IloXXovg ovv dywioxixwg ydttv, #a- 
Xsnbv i\v, Jlaxs ivagfxovia fiaXXov fieXy ivfjdov. Mt- 
xaftaXXsiv yag noXXdg fiexafioXdg tw kvl §aov t rj xo7$ 
noXXoig, xal tw dycoviaxjj , rj xolg xb y&og q>vXdx- 
xovoi. At o dnXovoxega inoiovvxo aixolg xd /icilij. 



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> SECTIO XIX. PUOBL. 13-20. 107 

*U de avxioxgocpog, anXqvv. 3 Agi&pbg ydg ivri t xal 
iv\ pngilxat. To 5' aixb ai'xtov xal dt6xi xd pev 
dn\ tj}s axr^g ovx dvxioxgocpa , xd de xov %oqov 
dvxmgocpa. *0 pip ydg vnoxgtxv,g dywvtoxyg [xal 
pipr^g*~\ bd^xogbg, r^xxov ptpeixau — - 16. divt 
ti rfitsv to dvxicpwvov xov ovpcpoovov ; *H oxt pal* 
Xov diddtjXov yivexai to ovpcpavuv, i] oxav ngbg ttjv 
ovpycoviav ady ; avdyxr\ ydg xt^v exigav bpoquavsiv. 
"Slats dio ngbg piap ywvriv ytvopivat, dtpavi^ovot 
Tt\v exigav. — 17. Aid xi nivxs ova adovotv dvxi- 
cpoivu. ; "ll oxh ovx V avxij 7[ ovpyoovog xj} ovp- 
g>(oyict t wan eg iv tw did TtaaStv ; ixelvrj yag iv tw 
@agu dvdkoyov, c5$ fj o£aa iv tw b$ii, ^SLontg ovv 
i] avxr\ iaxiv iv tw apa xal ciAilij, at de iv xoi dut 
nivxs xal did xeaadgwv ovx exovoiv ovuog. "JIots 
ovx ipyaivsiat b t?J$ dvxi$ixov (p&oyyog* Ov ydg 
ioxtv 6 avxog. — 18. Aid xi y did naotov ovpqw- 
via'adsxat povrj ; payadi'£ovat ydg xavxqv, aXlr\v de 
ovdepiav. "l£ oxt povv\ i'Z dvxupwvwv ivxl %ogd(ov ' 
iv de xotg dvxKpdvotg, xal xrjv kxegav idv ady, xb av- 
xbnotit; r\ ydg plot xgonov xtvd xctg dpcpoxigav 
t/BL (puvdg. cl Jlox8 xal pidg adopivijg iv xavxy xfj 
uvpqxovla, ipdsxat y ovpqswvia, xal apqxa ftdovxtg'' 
rj xijg psv, adopevrjg' xrjg de, avkovpevr\g • wgnsg xal 
piav apepb) adovot. A to pova pskojdttxat, oxt piag 
%X H %ogdr\g Ttt dvxlqxova (pcavijv. > — 19. Aw xi ds 
tatg dvxiqxivoig xovxo povaig vndgx^f H 0TL h°~ 
vat Juov anixovot, xijg piorjg ; % ovv psaoxrjg opoto~ 
TTjxcc xiva notsi tav q>&6yywv, xal soixbv i) axorj A«~ 
yitv oxt i) avxr\, xal ou apyoxegat, sqgcxTa/. -— 20- 



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168 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

Jia tl, iotv pi* tig tr\v pionv xivnojl 3 fjn&v, agpooa 
[<5e] tag aXXag xogdag, xixQW™ *§ bgydvta, ov p- 
vov btav xata tbv trig piong yivyai^ q>&6yyjv, 
Xvnu, xal yaivstai avigpootov, ctXXa xal xata tr\v 
aXXrjv ptXtpdlav ' iotv de tr)v Xyavbv, rj tiva mXXov 
q>&6yyov, tots (paivstai dia<pegtiv [i6vov 9 otavxaxtl- 
vytlgxQnm; V H evXbytag tovto <svp(i<*ivu; navxa 
yag tot xgvota peXf], noXXaxig ty pioy XQV** 1 * *** 
navteg oi aya&ol Tuoirjtal, nvxvd ngbg tr\v pierf 
anavrwoi- xav aniX&aoi, taxv inavigxovw ^°* 
de aXXriv ovtag ovdeplav. Ka&dnsg jx tm tiym 
ivloiv i$aigt&evt(w avvdiouwv, ovx eotiv b Xoyog 
*£XXrivix6g* (oiov to te, xal to tot) xotl svio* de ou- 
&iv Xvnovar did to totg [iiv, dvayxalov elvaiXQnj 
o&ainoXXaxig, rj ovx latai Xoyog 'EXXyvixog • totg 
de, pr\ • ovtfa xotl twv y&oyywv r) pioi}, (ooneg ovv- 
dtofiog iati, xotl pdXiota twv xaXwv, did to nXuota- 
xig ivvnaqx HV ™ v <P^6yyov ctvtrjg. — 21. dia ti 
Twy adovttov ol Bagvtigov adovteg, twv o£v (xSovtw, 
iav anddaoi, paXXov xatddqXoi ylvovtai ; bpoiag de 
xal tcf §v&i*a) oi iv tw pagvxsqq nXr\np*Xoyvttg, 
xatddrjXoi paXXov; n6tf.gov ott nXelmy b XQ°v°S ° 
tov (iagiog; ovtog de fidXXov aio&rjtog. H ott iv 
nXeion XQovtp nXtia [xalj al'o&rjoiv nagexu. To 
de xa^v xal 6$v , Xav&dvu did to tdxog. — ' 22. 
Aid tl oi noXXol puXXov adovteg tbv qv&pbv oto£ov- 
aiv, y oi bXLyoi; "H oti pdXXov Ttgbg ha ts xal ^c- 
pova pXinovai, xal (tagvtsgov Sgxovtai * wote ga- 
diov tov avtov tvyxdvovoiv ; iv yag tta tax& *1 
afiagtla nXeitov. — 23. dia ti dmXaaia ?; vritt) 



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SECTIO XLX. PROBL. 21—27. 169 

rrjg vnajr\q; *H ngmov pev, oxi ix tov fjfiiottog fj 
Xogdr\ ipaXXofiivfil xal bXrj avfiqxovovaa did naatav ; 
'Ofxolcog de \*x H xa * ^ ni ™ v ovgiyytav. C H ydg did 
tov fiiaov tfjg ovgiyyog tqtj petto g cpwvi], trj di olr\g 
T^g avgiyyog ovpcptavel didnaaiav. "jEti^d? tolg a'A- 
Xoig] Tcj* dinXctoto) diaatt'ifiati Xafi^dvttai to did 
izaotov, xal ol avXotgvnai ovxoa Xafi/Jdvovoiv. 'Opoi- 
oig ds xal tw did nevxe tw ifpioXita, cxi ol rag ovgty- 
yag dgfiottofxtvoi , tig piv %v\v vndti\v axgav to; 
xv\gbv ifiTtXdttovai, trjv de vr\iriv fiixQ 1 T °v Vftiaeog 
avanXriQnvoiv, 'Ofioitog de xal tip did nivte tw 
tjutoXia), xal %i\v dia tettdgmv tw initglxw dtaoir^ 
uocTt Xafipavovoiir. Exi ol iv tdig tgiytavoig xpuXxr]- 
gloig, trig iar\g imxdatwg yivofiivr/g, ov[i<pwvovoi did 
naoav, fj fxsv, dmXaala ovoa • ^ tie, fjfilosta tw 
pijxsi, — . 24- (cf. 42.) Aid t/, ear tig yrfXag tijv 
yTJtrjv iniXd/iT], fj vnatt) fiovf) doxei uvtr}xuv J *H oti 
avfiyvrjg fidXiffta yhexai tw <p&6yy(p f 6 dnb xavnjg 
r iX°S, did to avpqxovog elvai; Tw ovv ovvav$dvso&at 
tw o/uo/w, yaivztai fiovog. Ol de aXXoi, did pixgo- 
tijta d<pavug. — 25. (ct 45.) did xi n&or\ xaXtixai 
iv taXg dgpoviaig" Twy de oxtw ovx eaxifiiaov; */l 
<m kntdxogdoi rjoav at dgpoviai to naXaiov; id de 
kntd txeifiioov. — 26. (Cf. 46.) Aid ti inlto o$i) 
wtadovoiv ol nXsioxot; Iloxtgov oti gaov olv uoai 
1; flagv; % Sta xuqov jov (lagiog; dfiagxla di ioti, 
rov x*lgovog ngd^ig. — 27. Aid ti to dxovatbv 
ftovov fj&og bxbi ttov a\o&r\xSiV y xal ydg idv $ avtv 
Xoyov piXog, Sfitog Ixu i}&og • aAX* ov to XQ®l* a > ov ~ 
ds fi oa/uij, ovde o x^og l>«. "** oxi xlvv\aiv %x*> 



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172 A HIST. PROBLEM AT A. 

xivti&y, xal at 5 IX a i xogdctl rjxovoi qp&eyyofisvai* 
idv di av y fiiv (ievtj, t&v S* aXXtov Tig xivrj&jj, xi- 
vri&eioa fiovrj fp&iyysxat ; *H ott to ffgfj.oo&a* 
icrtlv ctnaoaig, [to di %x HV mag-ngbg trp pioTjv and- 
a«(?,] xal rj T(i$iQ ri kxdoxrjg, i}8r] di ixdvriv ; dg-div- 
Tog ovv tov ahlov tov ygfioo&ai xal tov ovvixov- 
tog, , ovx hi bfioUag (palvixai vndgxuv. Midg di 
dvagfibaxov ol'oTjg, Tygdi fiioijg iiivoiarig, svXoytog 
to xa% avxr\v ixXunopsvov. Tcilg yag aXXaig 
vndgxBi to ygfioo&at. — 37. Aid ti tov iv cpwvjj 
oleos bvTog xcnajxo oXlyov, tov di (tagiog x«ia to 
noXv, (to fiev ydg (iagv, did to nXrj&og, ftagv' to ds 
6$v, di oXiyoTrita taxv) igyov pdXXov ndsiv rd oSiot 
i\ id flagia; xal oXiyot xd dvto adetv dvvavxai, xal 
ol vofioi og&toi, xal ol o'Stig xaXsnol' aaccc, did to 
dvaxixa^ivoi slvai; xaixoi %'Xaxxov igyov to oXiyov 
xivBiv, % to noli, "JIgts xal diga. *H ov tuvto ys 
6$v(p(avov tlvai (pvosi, xal to 6%v ixdsiv; dXXd q>voei 
(ih 6$ixpcova, anavTa di do&iveiav, t<3 fiy dvvao&ai 
noXvv xiv uv diga, aU' oXiyov. *0 d' oXiyog, Taxv 
cpigsTai. *Ev di to> adeiv, to o£v, dvvdiieoag otjfiuov. 
To ftev ydg oqtodgag ysgofttvov ,Ta%v yigsxat. Aio 
to o£v, dvvdftewg orjfiBtov. Jib xal ol exxixol o£u- 
qxovof xal egyov, xd avw SShv td di (tagia, xdxto. 
— 38. Aid xl gv&fiip xal ftiXsi xal oX(og Tatg ov/i- 
ymviaig xoilgovoi ndvTig; "ll ot* Taig (itxa qtvoiv xx- 
vrjosm xaiQOfAtv xaxd q>vaiv; ar}[itiov di, to t» 7fat- 
dla tv&vg ysvofitva, ^a/of*v avxdlg. Aid di to s&og, 
rgonoig fjttXwv xatgofisv. c Pu&(i(p ds X a iQ°l* sv » $ ia 
to yvwgipov xal Tttaypivov ugiOfibv Xx uv > xa * niytlp 



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SECT10 XIX. PROBL. 37-39. 173 

% flag xexuyfiivmg. Oixeioxega ydg r\ xsxayfiivn xi- 
vrjaig <pvou xqg axdxxov • ware xal xaxa qpvoiv ftaX- 
Xov. 2r)pslov di 9 novovvxeg ydg , xal nlvovxeg xul 
io&lovxeg \xa\ xexayfiiva , odSofiev xal av$Qfiev x)p 
(pvoiv xal xi\v dvvapiv dxaxxa de, q>&eigofiev xal 
i£ioxafstev avtrjv. At ydg voaoi, trig xov ocofiaroi 
ov xaxit q>voiv xd&cog xivrjosig eloi. JSvfigxavla de 
Xaigopev , oxi xgdoig ioxl Xbyov ixovxtov ivavxluv 
ngog dlXrjXa. c O fiev ovv Xoyog, xd&g • o r\v tpvou 
fjdv. To de xexgafievov , tov dxgdxov ndv rfiiov • 
dXXwg xe xotV ctto&rixov ov , dficpolv xoiv dxgoiv i$ 
iaov xi)v dvvapiv e%oi, iv xfj ovfiqxovla 6 Xoyog. — 
39. Aid xi vfiidv ioxt xb ovftquovov xov opoywov ; 
"Hxal xb fiev drxiqxavov, ovfiopwvov iaxi did nao&v; 
ix naidwv ydg veutv xal dvdgiav, yivexat xb avxiqxo- 
vov o c i disoxdoi xoig xovoig, wg vrixri ngog xyv 
vndxqv. Hvfiqxavla de nuoa ydiwv anXov <p&oy-> 
yov • (di a de, el'gtjxai) xal xovxm y did naowv, 
ijdiaxr} • lb bpbeptavov de anXovv fyu q>d-6yyov. Ma- 
yadi^ovai de iv xj) dia naatov ovficpwvla* oxi xa&u- 
ntg iv xoig pixgoig ol nodtg exovoi ngbg avxovg Ao- 
yov loov ngog ioov, r\ dvo ngog IV, i\ xal xiva uXXov, 
oixto xal ol iv xy ov^qpatvla q>&6yyot Xbyov tyovoi 
xivrjoewg ngbg xovg avxovg, Twv fiev ovv aXXwv 
ovfupcovicov , axsXslg at daxegov xaxaoxgoyai Sl- 
ow , dg r^fiiov xsXtvxtooaf dt o xfi dvvafiu ovx 
loai elaiv ovoai de aviooi, diacpogd ty alo&r r 
ost, xa&dneg iv xolg xogotg iv x& xuiaXvttv 
fAtitov a'XXav y&eyyonevwv ioxlv. *£xi de vnaxy 
ovfipalvei [ix xov] xrp avx-qv xtXtvxi]v xwv iv xdic 

Digitized by GoOgle 



174 MUST. PROBLEMATA. 

idoyyoig negiodtav txetv. C H ydg devxiga xyg vea- 
rrfi nXijyi} xov uigog, vtuxtij iaxi. TeXtvxaoaig d 
tig xaixbv, £o£ toivtov noiovuotig,] fV xal xoivbv to 
igyov ovp/Haiyti ytt'EO&ai, xadomtQ xolgvnb %r\v 
wdijr xgoiovor xnl ydg oltoi xd dXXa ov ngoo- 
avXovvxeg, iuv tig xuvxbv xaxaoxgsqxoaiv, tvepgaivov- 
01 fidXXov to; relet, % Xvnovov xaig ngb xov riXovg 
diaqmQalg, tw to ix diotcpogM to xoivbv, vdioxov ix 
xov did naowv ylvio&ctt.' To ds (ictyadi&i* , 4$ 
tvaviiav qxovwp. Aid xavva 4v rjj dioc nctawv pa- 
yadi'Covat. — 40. (cf. sup. 5.) Aid xi vjdtov dxov- 
ovaiv adbvxcw, Soot «V ngosmoxufisvoi rv%cooi xwv 
fielwv, ?; iav firj imotavxai; Ilbxegov oxi [xdXXov 
dr\Xog ioxivb xvy/dvcov wonsg oxonov, oxav yvwgl- 
£woi to ndofievov; ymgi&vxatv ds\ ydv ■frsage'lv. H 
bxi ovfma&rjg iaxiv o uxgoaxv,g, toi to yvtagi^ov 
ydovxi; avmSsi ydg aixo). "Aidu ds nag ysyridug, 
o pi} did riva dvdyxrp rovxo noiwv. — 41. (Cf.34.) 
did ri dig ph di 6$ei(bv , % dig did XEtidgcov ov 
ovfiquavti, dig did naamv di; "// ot« to (tsv dta niv- 
re, ioxlv iv JjfiioXiat loyn* to ds did rsxtdgtav, iv 
imxgixaj; ovxm ds ?j/uo)UW xgiwv k^g dgi&fiwv rj 
imxglxwv , ol iixgoi ngbg aXXtjXovg ovdsva loyov 
i'Sovoiv* ovxe ydg iniftogioi, ovxe nollanlaaioi 
tisovxai. To ds did naotav, iJisidt} ioxiv iv diixXa- 
oit$ loyt$ , dig rovxov yivopsvov , iv rsxganlaoiovi 
Xoyut ccy &iy ol dxgot ngbg dXXyXovg. Slot inel 
(JVficpcopia svloyov fyovxwv apObyyov ngbg aXXtjXovg 
* OT *" loyov ds ol (iiv xo dig did nctowv didXeipi^ia 
txovxeg, ngbg dXlylovg qpd oyyoi s^ovaiv ol di xb 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XIX. PROBL. 40-12. 175 

dig dia xixxotgw , *; [to] dig dice nivxt, ovx l^ou- 
oiVt ol fiiv dig dive naocoy, ovftqutivot thv «r, ol d* 
txiqoi ov, diet xa tlorjuiva, — 42. (cf. 24.) Aia li, 
lav xi$ yjijXctg W/j> vrjxrjv imXdPij, fj vthaji] ftori] do- 
xii vnr\%uv ; II oxi ij rsctxtj Xijyovoa xal fictgatro- 
fieri], vnaxTj yinxai; oqfitlov ds, xo uno xtjg V7xdxi]g 
xyv vzdxiirduvctG&oti Sdtiv. 'Jig yag ovor t g aix^g 
o)dr\g vecixrjg, xyv bfxoioxrixa la t up<xvovoiv an ctixrjg. 
'Eml de xotl y%u [w&J tig ioxlv,'] ucp^ taxi ywvtjg x^g 
vidxi\g Xijyovorjg, [xa^j^qsw? 6 avxog,xi[> xy]gvna~ 
xrjg (p&oyyoj xivu, elxoxcog xj- o(.ioiox7]xixi}v vnuxriv •»; 
vr^ifi Y..VUV doxii. Ti)v fniv yag vtuxijv i'ouev ov 
xivbixtti iriiXrjqi&uott ' xi\v di vtiixxtjv avxt)j> OQWvxsg 
dxaxv.lr]7ixov ovootv, xal cpdoyyov txvxijg dxovovxeg, 
xautjjv oi6fi£&a yftuv * onepinl noXXwv fjfuv ot/f*/W- 
vu, icp w firjxe tw Xoyiopcj, pyxe tJJ cdod-fati dvvd- 
[.ib&a ddrjaai to uxgifiig. *'Exi si 7iXr]ytior}g xr t g vea- 
xr t g fxaXiata ivxsxapivi}g, ov\ifialvn xbv £vybv xwei- 
odvtt, ov&iv ap ttrj -frav/ncioiov. Kivij&ivxog de, 
notaag rag xogdocg ovyxivuodoii, xai xiv itfov noiuv, 
ovx ctXoyov. Talg pep ovv aXXaig o xyg vedxijg 
q>&6yyog, aXXoxgiog iaxt xal Xyyav xal dgxbfievog • 
ifl devJiaxy krjym'l avtog, Ov ngooxed-evxog tj} 
idiot avi?jg xivv\oei, ixtivrig do^ai ndvx avxotv iivcu, 
ovjfriv Sionov. "£oxi de fuel^wv, r\ 6 xoivbg t&v Xoi- 
nuv xoqdiav fyog, bit at (iev, vrib i?\g v^dxrjg xa^«- 
mq axa&noai, [taXoixiag yx 7 ! ***' *1 ^ vtdtrj, naaji 
xji avryg dwotfiti, ovoot avtwv oq>odpoxaxri. Slots 
uaoxtag xai to dtvxsguov cxvi?? » xq&xxov av tVrj, v\ 
to Twy uXXw Sore x<xt /?oa/«/«? Mive%o&ai t wg4xvxrjg 

Digitized by GoOgle 



176 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

is ytytvrfpbvrjg. — 43. (cf. 9.) 4td ti rfiiov tr t g j*o- 
vwdiag dxovofisv, idv tig ngbg avXbv 7] Xvgav $dr] ; 
"if oti nav to ijdiov pix&sv r)8iovi t sv iotiv ; b 8i av- 
log, r)dlw trig Xvgag. "Slots xal r\ (adi) tovta /it- 
X&'uoa, i\ Xvga, ijdiav av sl'rj, [insl to fiSfjiiyfisvov 
tol' ufxUxov i}5iov iotiv,] idv dftcpotv a/ua aVo&rjotv 
rig Xixfifidvrj ; olvog yag rjdioiv tov l£vpsXitog, Sid to 
titpix&ai fidXXov avjolg ta vnb t7\g (pvotwg fii£#sv- 
tu, rj v(p Vfiwv. v Eoti yag xal b olvog fiixtbg i£ 
6$iog xal yXvxiog xvpov. Ai\Xovoi ds xal ai oivco- 
dsig goial xaXovpsvai. H psv ovv wdij xal o av- 
Xbg, [tiyvvvtat avtolg Si bfioiotrjta • (nvsvpatt ydq 
upepo) yivstai) b ds trig Xvgag qr&oyyog, irmbr\ ov 
nvsvpau yivstai, rj ijttov alo&rjtbv % b tav aiXwv, 
dfiixtotsgog ioti ty qxovjj • nomv 8s dioccpogdv ty 
aio&r]osi, rjttov r)dvvsi, xa&aJtsg inl tuv x v P& v **- 
grjtai. "Eti b psv avXog noXXd tw avtov *//<» xal 
tt\ b/ioidtrjti ovyxgvntsi tav trjg (adt)g afiagTrjpd- 
tcav, 01 Se trjg Xvgag cp&oyyoi, ovtsg ipiXol xal 
aftixxotsgoi tfj qxovy, xaT a avtovg &s&gov[isvoi xal 
ovtsg ol avtol, ovfupavr) noiovoi tr)v trjg wSrjg upag- 
tiav, xa&dnsg xavovsg ovtsg avtdiv. HoXXav de iv 
trj qdtj afiagtavojiiv(av, to xoivov e£ dfxcpoTv, dvay- 
xaiov xtigov yivso&ai. — 44. (cf.25.)^*a ti twv 
fisv kjitd, fiiorj xaXsltai' twv ds oxta, ovx soti (ii- 
oov; ' H oil snxdxogdoi rjoav ai dgpovlai to naXai- 
ov i Tcf, de entd fysi jjisgov. *Eti insidij t<av gsta£v 
twv axgtov, to [tsoov povov dgxtj tig iotiv (son 
yag Taiy <&aTsgov. tuv axgmv vsvovtouv IV tivi diaotij- 
f*«Ti dvd fiioov ov, dgxn) tovt total ftioov. 'EjisI 

V 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTlO XIX. PROBL. 43—48. 177 

d' eaxara fiioov iaxlv dgfioviag vedxrj xal vnuii], 
xovxwv de dvd piaov ol Xomol <p&6yyoi, toy fj fdaii 
xaXovpevri , fiovrj agxrj iaxi &axegov xstgaxogdov, 
dixalcog /teat] xaXurai. 7Vwy ydg {isza$u Tivav 
axgo»v, to ftiaov i\v agxrj fiovov, — 45. (Cf. 22.) 
dia %i noXXol adovxsg o(a£ovuL [idXXovxbv gv&fiov, rj 
ol oXiyoi; "H oil fiaXXoy ngbg eva re xal tjyepoya 
pXinovoi, xal Pgadvxegov agxovxav &axe gtjtov tov 
uvxov Tvyydvovoiv ; iv ftiv ydg rctf**, nXeicoy yivs~ 
rait} aftagxia , ovftpaivei ds tgj r\yefiovt> nqoosxtiv 
Tovg noXXovg' idia£6fievog de oideig av avxiav &a- 
Xupysisv vnegdgag to nXijdog. *Ev de Jolg oXlyoig; 
pdXXov diaXafinovai' di o xa&' avxovg , iv avxdtg 
fiaXXov aywi^ovTai, % ngbg tov yyepova. — 46. 
fcf. 26.) Aid xi inl to o£i> anqdovoi ol nXuaxoi; "H 
t 0Tt ] $ nov °*v aaai, ?j ($agv ; adovoi yovv 6$v fxaX- 
Xov xal iv o) adovoiv, dfiagxavovoiv. — 47. (cf. 
7.) Aid xi ol agxatot entaxogdovg noiovvreg jag dg- 
fioviag, tt\v vndxrjv, aXX' ov trjv vrixr^v xaxiXmov ; 
H ov Tip vnaxriVy dXXd Trp vvv xaXovfievr}v naqa- 
fiiarjv a<pygovv xal to Toviatov didoxrjfia ; ixgavro ds 
vjl ioxaxji peay, tov inl to o|v tivxvqv • dib xal pi- 
or}V avxr\v ngoorjyogsvoav. ™II on t}v tov (itv dvto tc- 
xgaxogdov, TeXevxrj • tov de xdxw, agxh, xaifiioov 
hxb Xoyov tov(o t&v dxgo&v ; — 48. (cf. 30.) Aid 
xi ol iv rgayoidla X°gol ov&* vnodcogiaxl, ovfr' vno- 
(pgvyiOTi adovoiv ; *H oti [toJ piXog ijxiota exovaiv 
avxai al agfioviai, ov del pdXioxa tw^oow; ri&og 
de %x u V fcv inoygvyiorl, ngaxxixov ' (dib xal IV 
T8 tw rTigvovji fj e$odog xal t\ i$6nXiaig ivTavTrj m- 
Arist. Pro'bl. M 

Digitized by GoOgle 



178 ARIST. PROBLEM ATA. 

noir\xai) f\ ds vnodagioxl, iisyaXongtnsg xal axdoi- 
fiov • dio xal xi&agmdixajxdxri soil xav dgpoviwv. 
Tavxa 5' apopco, x°Q$ fisv dvagfxoaxa, xotg ds ano 
axtjvijg olxeioxtga, 'Extlvot, fitv yag, fjgwcav [Ufir]- 
xal' oi ds fjytfjiovsg xtov dgXuiw, povoi yoav ijgmg* 
61 ds Xaol, uv&gt»7tor wv ioxiv o %OQog. dio xal 
dgpo&i avxot xb yotgov xal rjovxiov tj&og xal pi- 
tog. *Av&g(amxd yag. Tavxa 5' t^ovatv at aX- 
Xai agftoviai, i\xioxa ds avxwv fj vnoqpgvyioxi • iv- 
•d-ovaiaatixri yag xal flaxxixrj. Kara ph ovv xav- 
xi\v ndaxopsv xi' (na&rjxixol yag ol aa&svslg ftfiX- 
Xov J(ov dvvaxwv tloi * di o xal avxrj dgjioxxu xotg 
Xogotg) xaxd di xyv vnodcogiaxl xal vnocpgvyiaxl, 
ngaxxofttv o ovx olxsiov iaxi x°Q$- ^Eaxi yag 6 
Xogog, xrjdevTTig dngaxxog. Evvoiav yag [tovov 
nagixiiai, olg ndgsoxi. — 49. did tl x£>v [*V1 
ovficpaviav noiovvxwv (p&oyyw iv xo) ^agvxsg<a xo 
[laXaxwxsgov ; *H oti \iiXog xi] fiiv avxov cpvosi, {ia- 
Xaxov iaxi xal rjgEpalov xr\ ds xov gv&fiov pl^si, 
rgaxv xal xivrpixby ; 'Ensl ds o ph ftagvg cp&oyyog 
fiaXaxog xal ygsfialog sow, o ds 6$vg xivr\xixbg, y xal 
Twy xamo fiiXog ixQvxwv, ti'rj av fjiaXax&itsgog 6 fia- 
gvxtgog iv xavxai fiiXti paXXov. Hv yag xo [tiXog 
aixwv fiaXaxov, — 50. Aid xi iooav ni&tav xal ofioi- 
wv, iav fisv o txtgog xtvbg ji, 6 ds txtgog tig xo fjjiiav 
diafisoxog, did Jtaoav avfiqxavsi f\ iix&s * & 0Tl dinXa- 
oict ylvsxai xal y ix xov rjfilaswg -ijjg ix xov xsvov ; Tl 
yag diacpigst, xovxo , ?; inl xav ovglyycov; doxti ydg 
V &dxxa>v xivr\aig y oSvxsga thai' iv ds xdlg psl£ooi 
Pgadvxsgov o dyg dnavxa* xal (p xotg dmXaaloiq 

/ 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XX. PROBL. 1-7. 179 

Tooovibj xal iv idlg aXloig dvdXoyov. Svtiyuvsi de 

dia naooav, xal 6 dmXaoiwv aoxog ngbg iov iJiAiovv. 

SECTIO XX. 

a Oaa xtgl &ufirovg xal Xuxuvu J^. 

Aid il to aXvxov vdag id (lev oeXiva dextiai, to 

di ngdoov ov; *H on iov fiiv , do&evelg at 6i£ai • 

iov di, toxvgal; 16 diloxvgoisgov ana&ioiegov. — 2. 

Aid ilXeyeiai, 

Miv&riv iv noXifiM (trjx to&w,[iyiB qrittvi; 
' Hon xaiaipvxei id otopaia ; Ai\Xo% di y tov onio- 
fictiog y&oga. Tovio de vnevavilov ngbg avdgilav 
xal dvfibv, lavibv ov i$ yevsi. — 3. Aid ii I'vta uv- 
&og ixovtce, Magna ioiiv, olovoixvog xatxoXdxvv&a, 
xal gba; n H ovx axagna, dXXd lavia xagnog ion; 
Tisgixagmov yovv iail ib avdovy • 6 di oixvog , negi- 
xagmov. — 4. Aid ii iwv <pvouiv(ov id fiiv, lipavd' 
iu de, (ofid (Sgazd; n II Sow ol xvpol firj idwdipoi 
ev&vg, iovnav nvgwdivnov, yXvxviegoi yivoviai vno 
iov &egpov* ootov de ei&vg, xal a/ud idwdipa; — 5, 
Aid ii id fiiv, eipava ,iddi, bnxavd ; "// on id fiiv 
vygoiega , ov iogoviov • id de tygouga , ov fiuXXoi/ 
fygav&ijvai del/ eybfieva de ndvia, vygoiega xal 
fiaXaxwiega. Ta de ijnov vygd , dv nvgco&jj, yive- 
iai tygd. — 6. Aiail de id fiiv , augend ion, id 
di, figmd; n H did lovg xvfiovg ; c 'Ooa ydg xal w/*« 
animovg exu, xal nvgovfieva firj fieia/SdXXei, dSgwra. 
Oawv de figwrbg b %vfibg, ioxvgbisgog di, laviarjdv- 
o/uaia ion, _. Ta ydg iv fiixgq I'xovxa koXXtjv dvva~ 
fiiv i(o* Pgtaiwv , rjdvvnxd twv iv noXXq. — 7. Aid 
ilva all lav id fiiv (jsxgi onegfiaxog i&v (pviwv JJ, 

M 2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



ISO ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

rlxa ivtyxavxa avalvexai* oiov fi noa, xal xdxaXov- 
fieya Xdxava' xa de ov , aXXd noXXdxig qtigsi / xal 
twv pixQi oniQixaxog Jwvtwj', xd ph noXXd , inhzia • 
to flt t7r7ru(/t'Atvor , rai voxegw I'm yegsi xagnov, xal 
iviyxav , ilavaivsxai; H dnavxa ftev [iixqi tovxov 
axfia&i, twg up xaxd to onigfia dxfid£j) ; inn xal oi 
av&Qionoi fttyQi xgtdxovxa ixav imdidoaoiv , oxefdv 
tw nXy&u, bxe ds xfj itazvxrjxi. "Oxav ds nrjxixi dv- 
vyxai yigeiv, Sonsg ixst, avaivexaixal xaxayv\qd(5xu' 
xd de, (Sgaditog , xal xaxd Xoyov. Ai i\v ph ovv ai- 
xiav t« fih, (tgaxvfiia, T <* $* > [laxgoftid iaxiv , dXXog 
laxco Xoyog. 'Mud d 3 soxi ndoiv ogog y xov onignd- 
rog xkXtibWiQ > drdyxrj xdlg fisv figaxvpioig ana§ 1} 
oXiyaxig iveyxsiv xagnov • xotg ds [xaxgofilotg, noXXa- 
xig. Jloxs xd fiev aodeviaxaxa , &?7r«S ivsyxoi* (81 
o avtxyxr) alaivtodai) xal xovmv xd ftsv , iviavxot 
imxeia efvai • xd, de, wontg to InnooiXivov, tw voxi- 
Q(# I'm, wonsg xd divdga xal xd yvxd. — 8. Aia xi 
GbXfoov, idv xig negiogvSag peggi xdrco ngog xdg qi- 
£ag 9 7taga/5dXXj] xav xaxgvdlMv, tlra Ixvw&ev tjjv 
yip, xal ovxcog d'ady, na^isyidng yhovxai oil qi^ai; 
*FI diou xo xaxgvdiov, -fregfibv ov xal ooftcpbv, xaxixit 
fitv avvoXov 71))' xgocpjjv , xal ov ngo'hxai «*'« * Trer- 
xtt de, xtsg^ov bv woxt noXXyv xrjv avtyaiv yheo&ai; 
— 9. Aid xi, idv xig xdg xoXoxvv&ag ev&vg fiiixqdg 
ovoag xgvipt] t/J yjj, rj xovg oixvovg, fiti'£ovg ylvovxm; 
II dioxi t« TivEVfiaxw Xal ijXioc t-rjgalvovxa , orqpat- 
govvxai xr t v av*rjotv, xal xovg oyxovg iXdxxovg fiiv 
noiovoi ndvxuv , axicpgoxigovg ds; (wonsg xal twf 
ddvdgav, xd xs i v 7xgoat]v^oig xal kXwdtoi, xal ta iv 



SECTIO XX. PROBL. 8 — 12. 181 

xoiXolg xal iq>vdgoig * xd fiiv ydg , peydXa ylvortai 
xal oopycf xa di, (iixgd xal nvxvd) iv di xy yjj xqv- 
(p&ivxa , ivavxia ndo/ovTa , ivavxtiag anoftaivet. 
*Ofioi<og di xal xd tig dyyeiaxi&ipeva, oixvoielgvdg- 
&r\xag xoiXovg r\ xaXvnxgag , xal $6ai xal pyXa tig 
Xvtgag, xdpiv, peydXa t oofupd di' olds, pixgol, 
oxeg$ol avgavcfievoi , fty sig dvxlxvnov. Alxia di tj 
xgocprj nXeiwv yivopivrj, did xb pyxs dnonviio&ai, /u*/T€ 
Irigctlvkod at. To ydg dnooxeyov, xa>Xvei xavxa nv- 
oxeir. — 10. did xt xd arngfiaxa xwv dgipiav q>vxwv 
dgtfivxsgd iouv , rj al glgai xal xd (pvXXa ; "iJ dioxi 
ix xov anignaiog ylvexai dnavxa, xal tig xd uXXa 
tiidoxai pegy ix xovxov, olovel ivvndgxovxa , tag cpaoi 
xiveg, xalol xvpoi xal alboftal; insl xal al oofial 
I'd to i yivovxai a pa xdlg onig^iaoiv dnaoiv. El ovv 
ix xovxov xalxoUg aXXoig rj dgifxvxrjg vndgxsi , evXo- 
yov xal ai>To vndgxnv fiaXioxa. — 1 I. did xial ga- 
yavLStg alXenxal, dgifxvxegai ;"ll oxi al fiu'Covg, did 
xbvxgovov nsnsfifiivaifidXXov; — 12. did xlrjxdn- 
nagig ovx i&iXei §adiag iv xotg igyaolfxoig ylveo&ai 
Xcogioig • (noXXol ydg nmelgavxai , xal §i£ag fisxa- 
ysgovxsg, xal onigfiaxa xaxapdXXovxeg • iviaxov ydg 
XvoixeXeZ pdXXov xwv godav) dXXd (pvexat fiaXioxa 
ini xav xaygwv, oxi dftaxdnaxog 6 xbnog ioxi. Ilsgl 
di dtj xovxov xal ooa dXXa xotavxa , del Xafieiv , oxi 
*Q1LX anavxa ix xijg avxijg vXrjg yivexdi, ovd* avSexai, 
aXX tvia i§ aXXwv y&ogag xali$ dgxyg ylvexai xal 
av$$xai • olov ol y&eigeg xal al xgixtg iv xw owpau, 
diaq>&stgofiivrjg xtjg xgocpiqg , xal del xo x*i>Q 0V fyov- 
teg. "Jlantg ovv xal xtov iv avpaxi evia ylvexai ix 

Digitized by GoOgle 



182 AH1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

negittfuftaTog xqoyiqg, xovxo d* iaxlv dnsipia, xal ov 
fitj idvvaio xgaTijoai fj qpvoig, t« fisv ngoxsigoxaxa t 
sig xvaxiv xal xoiXiav dnoxgivsxai • iS iviav ds Sua 
yivixai , #/' o xal av£dvovxqi TavTa iv yhga xal vo- 
uoic • ovTtag iv tji yjj , xd fisv ix nsmpfiivrig xyg too- 
tfijg yivsxai xal av£avsxai, xd ds, ix nsgixxoafiaTtav 
xal ivavricog ixovwv. *H ds ysmgyia, ninn xaljvsq- 
ybv noiel xyv xgoqpi]v 4$ yg avviaxavwiol qpsgoi 
xagnoL *A piv ovv ix xoiavxrjg yivsxai rjpsgixrixog, 
%H€ga xaXstxai, did xb ano xsxvrjg (aysXsio'&ai , &o- 
nsg naidtvopsva* ooa ds fit] dvvaxau, rj xal i£ hav- 
lioyg tyovtog owiaxaxai , xavia dygia ioxi, xat, ovx 
t&eXsiybeo&ai ivymgyriaip(a. € Hydg ytwgyla cpeoetav- 
xd naidsvovoa. *Ex ydg cp&ogdgylvBxai. flvxalr^ xan- 
Ttagigiazii/. — 1 3. did ti> iotv xiggaqpavidtav, oxavpdXi- 
axa dxpd Zwaixovxsipwvog, dnoxspiiv xd qpvXXa, C7riaa- 
£ri%r)V yyv xalxaraTtaTrjor], wars dnooxsytiv to vdaiQ, 
avion iv tw -Sign yivovTai dnXsTOi to ndxog ; # \ff on 
xov (.dv py cpddgso&aty to mgiotodx&oti aXxiov , xw- 
Xvov to v8o)g or\nuv ; i] ds Tgoqptj , Tfv avoa oxpisi sig 
xbv pXaoxbv , sloigxsxai sig avxriv ware avdyxrj av- 
ryv [iti£(o yivsG&ai, rj dqptsvat nagapXaoTavovoa* 
SXlag [gi'£ag , wtnrso Taxgoppva; Kal ydg xavxa, 
idv fir) Tig ixxtXffs insxsia , aX£ idorj top ^ft^uwya, 
noXXanXdoia yivsxai. Ta pw ovv xgoppva, x&v no\- 
ga/3XaoTav6vT(ov i&xiv • v\ ds gdcpavog , ov, Jlaxs 
dvdyxij avxrjv ylvso&ai naxsiav , did to naoav Xa/t*- 
pdvsiv Ti]v Tgoanrjv. — 14. did t/, idv Tig oixv'ov$ 5) 
xoXoxvv&ag mgl q)giag (pvTSVpag , oxav woaTo* <aoi % 
xrx&elg sig to cpgiag dnooTsydat], ylvovrai 3*' sxovi 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XX. PROBL. 12 — 16. 183 

xX(ogoi; M II $16x1 rj tc anb xov vb*axog axplg ifjvxovoa 
xioXvei Zrigaiveo&ai , xal nagixu -fraXXovxa * xal to 
anoatiytiv tovtovg, xal rot nvtvfiata tgi(pn ta 
ijvSrjfiiva; tov da diocpevsiv aXtiov, to %x*iv tgoqu^v ito- 
fievMV to>v ql&v. [Kal yag idv tig acpeXwv tip ($X<x- 
atrjv otav xagnoqiogrjocioi , xal anottfitov nsgioa^r t 
xal xatanatrjoTj tijv yyv nsgl tag gi'Qag, nga'ipovg 
oXasi oixvovg, wg dvvafisvav atn&o&ai twv gt£wv •] 
ov yag totai oixvog tuv ngosxdav dattov $£ avtol 
rav anBigofiivtov oXoovai xagiiov, 8ia tb noXv ngov- 
ndgxeiv tov i'gyov ttj qpvosi tag $i£ag • toig de onsi- 
QOfiivoig duv yiveo&ai xovxo itg&xov, yqg de7ttgiod£ttg 
dXiav noiuv mats ow&o&ai, xal $dxxov dviivai fiXa- 
atov. Ai o xal lav tig xeifiwvog qivxevarj onigfia 
oixvov 4v taXagioxoig , xal agdritai -dsgfiop , xal tig 
tov ijltov ixqpigtj, xal nagd nvgl ii&jj, ngmuoi ocpe- 
, dga toovtai, iav wg tx$ & rolgtaXagoig tig trjvlxvov- 
liivr\v (ogav tig tyv yr\v q>vttvoj}. — 15. Aia ti ag- 
dtvovaiv ito&tv , tj vvxtbg, ij dsiXijg; Ilottgov iva prj 
o rjXiog avaXworj; ij oti iav rj d-tgpov to vdwg , dia- 
yfrdgsi ta agdousva; — 16. (cf. 1, 48. et 12, 12.) 
Aia ti ta zviodr] ovgijtixa , xal onig/iata xal q>vtd ; 
n H oti &tgpa xal tvntnta; to. di toiavta, ovgrjtixd. 
Taxv yag Xtntvvu q hovoa &tgp6trig , xal r) oapi) 
ov ooofiatwdrjg • intl xal tot fir) svtodrj , olov axogo$a, 
diet trjv &$gix6tr)ta ovgrjtixd , fidXXov pivtoi ouvtrj- 
XTiYa • &sgna ds ta evoodr) anigpata , dioxi oAw? 
i) oofir) 8ia •dtgpotrjta tiva yivstat* aXXa ta dvotodij 
ansnta ioti. Aii de py fiovov thai &eg[ta, aXXa xal 
Bvntnta, si total oigrixvta , on&g ovyxaxtovta Ae~ 

Digitized by GoOgle 



184 ARIST. PR03LEMATA. 

nxivQ xa vygd. — 17. diet xl daxxop ixxavXsi xwr 
Xaxdpcop xa ix naXaioxegov onsgpaxog, olop xgisxovg 
t) 8uxovg, ?} xd ix twp 7igoo<pdx(op ;"ll oxi wg inl xm 
£(&<op &dxxop onigpa cpigsi> xb dx(id£op t ovxa xalxwn 
ansguuto)p , xa ph Xlap naXaia , i$lxpaoxai xr\p 8v~ 
votftiv • xa 8s da&tpiaxsga, diet 10 stisxsip 7iegliT(0- 
fia (j,ij olxuop • xa 8s fisaa xta XQ * 1 ? » ioxvgoxaxu, 
JnsXjjXvdoiog xov vyqov, Oaxxop ovp aniqua q>i- 
qu. To 8s ixxuvXup, xovxo ioriv ix yag xov xcev- 
Xov xb onigfia. — 18* ^/*a xl n%\yapop xdXXiaxop xal 
nXuaxov yipexai, idpxig ixyvxivari tig avxr\v ; ix<pu- 
xevsxaide nsgl top (pXoibp, xal 7itgi7iXdxxsxai nriXta. 
"H oxt -frsgiiOTiiXog dsovxai at ql£ui xov nrjyavov xal 
uXiag' (8i o xal, xypxiopgap Lav xig nsgifiaXXj}, bvi- 
papxai) i] 8s at/xJ?> •dsgfitj iaxi. Ji\Xdl 8s xal 6 onbg, 
nuvxwv 8gifxvxaxog wp , xal 6 noXvg xanpog. "i#« 
ovp xoiavxqp &sgixoxrjxa xal Ixfidda, o'iap xal r\ xi- 
€pqa. Jloxs si ixF.lprjp opIptiuip, upayxalop xal iv xfi 
ovxjj fidXiiSta sva&spslp , baia t) uipxiopga ovx img- 
gtl' xb 8* dnb xqg ovxijg, dtl iniggii, ovx dpaXioxo- 

fiipov xov vygov rrj ovxy. 19. Jioc xiepta xojpqv- 

xw dsl xspop opsgsi top xavX6p/ x II wp dpdyxij aXXo 
q>vup ....*.. — 20. Aid xl ip xy 'Axxixj) oi flip aX- 
Xoixagnol, yXvxvxaxoi yipopxai, xb 8s &v[iov, 8gipv- 

taxop; xaixoi xal xovxo xagnog xlg iaxip &tm 

ov txoXv vygbp xa (pvofispa sxu. c Oaa psp ovp qpv- 
ou yXvxia ioxl , 8id fiexgioxijxa xov ivvTxdgyopxog 
vygov, oxap dndyy 6 rjXiog xb nXsioxop, xb vnoXtmo- 
u*pop gq8i(ag nixxsxat. 2 T o ydg noXv, sqyop nenav- 
&w xb 8i ftdxgiop, qyop. c 'jloxe yipopxah oi opiati 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XX. PROBL. 17 — 22. 185 

yXvxsig , yXvxvxegot, 9 £v ds joig <pvaei ^golg ts xal 
fiTj yXvxiot xagnoig, Xtintxai di oXiyoxtjxa xo olxuov, 
Tovxo #' ioxlv rixioxa yXvxv. 3 Acpaigstxai yag 6 
qXiog xb yXvxvxaxov xal xovapoxaxov ovioi ds oix 
sxovoi nsgioobv [vygbv ,] mansg ol aXXoi xagnoL 
— 2l • did xiyXr\XM xal xa Xelgia xal xd xgoppva xd 
xgt/ud/uevct, vtzq rag xgondg dv&sl ; *'// ivvndgxu w- 
toig Tooqpij ansmog , r\ xov {.isv xtin&vog ov ndxxsxai 
did yvxog' V7 *o ds Tgondg ntxTo^ivijg did ti\v t&gav, 
rj avtyatg yivnai; aifTrj ds, did xb ^u?) %x HV stiiggv- 
oiv , xaxv fiagaivsxai. Ov yag xiva s'xovaa agxyv, 
ovds xiva ijtlgQvGiv, anoh]gaiv%xai • wansg JZxv&cug, 
did to noXXrjp xrjv #toVa yiysa&at, ovfifiaivsi xbv dl- 
tov fiivsiv, xal xaxv dvaxgs'xtiy- — 22. Aid xi to 
Ttgofifivov [fi6voi^\ ouxoag nsgixxtag ddxvu xd> 6<f&aX- 
[ifa ; (dt bxalxovvofid (paai xovx \'xsiv «^to , c5? 
ttjv xdgr\y noistv ovfifivtiv) r\ ds oglyarog ov , ovds 
iXXa dgi t uia ovxa ; Kal yag xb uvdggivov , fiaXXov 
ddxvov , ov noiu opoiwg daxgvsiv ngooyegofitvov 
to ds, ngoocpsgoptvov, xal xaxaxgutyo^isvov. 'H oxi 
diacpogal noXXal dxoXov&ovoiv exajxoigxwv dgifiiwv, 
a noiu xr\v Idiav ixdaxov dvvafiiv ; To (isvovv uvdg- 
Qivov , did xb Stgfioxsgoy iivai , tygavxixdixsgov iaxi 
1*1$ yivofiivrjg vn avxov ovvxfi&wg • insl ttoiu da- 
ugvov io&iovti* ngoo<peg6(i£voy ds ov , oxi ovx ana- 
Tfxi'Cu dri avxov Xsnxov xi • tygoxegov ydg iaxi xal 
&sgftoxsgov. C II ds ogiyavog, xal xd xoiavxa , Syga 
iaxiv rigsfia. >? Edsi ds xb (lilXov ddxgvov noirjosw, 
drjxxixbv xal vygbv sfoai xal yXioxgov. dl o xal 
to Uaiovnoiu daxgvuv, ao&svn sxov dy&v. JiayXi- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



186 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

oXQOTipa yag xa] Xsnxoxrjxa nagadvvov, notsl xbv 
nortov, xal xr\v ovvxrfcv did xbv novov. To ds xgop- 
pvov xoiavxrjv s'xei xtjv dvvapiv , wore xalxbvygbv 
xal xx\v dxfiida avxov &egtir}vxalXs7txi}VxalyXiozgav 
thai. "Jloxs ngootpsgofisvop fih, did to xr\v dxfiida 
toiavTTjv thai, xalavvaq?u#aivyg6xrixaXs7ixr)v,nonl 
daxgvsiv. 'Eo&iopsvov ds, ij dva&Vfiiaaig duovaa 
[xavxb noiuv dvvaxar'] xb ds oxogodov degpov /ucv 
xal dgifiv ioxi, xal vygoxrjxa t#st, dXX' ov ylioxQOV 
dt 5 ov noiei daxgvsp. — 23. Aid xl t« pvgxa iv 
rrj %sigl dXifiivza, yXvxvxsga ypiv doxei shai xtov pri 
TS&Xiwivtav r& xa&ansg xal al gaysg xsxgvyr}tisvai 
ttov fioxgvmv yXvxvxsgai slot, x(av dxgvyfjxav ; vnb 
yug xov yXsvxovg ovxog qdios (pvasi, al fisv xsxgv- 
yv\\iivai gaysg, tnonsg iolxaoiv fjdvopivai' (^avdnXiia 
ydg dot, xalsto&sv) aid' inlxav (ioxgvwv, dvydvoxoi. 
'Ofioiag ovp xal inl xwv fivgxwv yvosi yXvxscov xal 
xyv yXvxvxrjxa ixbvxtxtv ivxog. "jlonsg al gijtytg ovp, 
oW &Xicp&TJ, dvanipnXaxaidnvxrigsvxbg yXvxvxri- 
jog xal efa&sv diaq>aivsxat yXvxvxsga ovxa. — 24. 
did vi xw xs pvgxcov xd iXdxxoa , anvgrjvoxega sort, 
xal iv xolg <poiv& xal inl xatv (toxgvw • IV£a 6° al 
ftixgal goiysg ovx sxovoiv , y iXd'xxom nvgqvag ; U 
did xb dxsXsoxsga thai, ovx tfrw dnoxsxgipsvov ,• «- 
Xog yag b nvgyv e'xu xb onsgfia. Aia xovio ds xa* 
iXdxxovg slalv , wg ovxa nagacpvddsg xal uxeXr} , xal 
rjtxov ds yXvxsa tw*> ixovx&v nvgyvag. A*&njoxsga 
ydg ioxiv. « ds nityig , xsXsimoig ioxiv, — 25.^ta 
xl twv ntgixagnlav xa fisv , mxgoxsga xa ngog Tip 
$t£av I'xsc, olov oixvoi • xd $£ , ngbg xb axgov xb (*v<», 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XX. PROBL. 23 — 29. 187 

otov al piXavoi ; "H oxi x&v pev , xavxy ansnxog f\ 
igoyr) , 3ia to imggeiv xaxd xijv §V£av del • xa de, 
£rigd q>voH ioxiv aoxe dnayofievov xov yXvxiog dx 
iov Sxgov xal nenefi^iivov, i\dri tygalvexai , xal Xei- 
7TSTCU 16 mixgbv , woneg ol dXeg ,- Irigaivofievov ds 
fidXXov, ntxgbv yivzicu, xa&dneg iXaiai xal fiaXavoi 
naXouovpsveu; mxfal ylvovxau — 26. Aid xl I'via 
pXaoxavei ovx $v xg yjj h'vxa, aX£ 4xxex[ir)[ieva\ xd de, 
xeifieva^ o\ov ol xiav xglvmv xavXol, [oxogoda xc] xal 
XQOppva *H oxi 6xovoixgoq>r\v navxa iv avxolg, dXtf 
ovx iv cccpcogcofiivo) to Tim ovdev q>vxov; [t] negiovola 
ovv iaxi xrjg xgoq>r\g r\ noiovoa fiXaaxdveiv. AqXov 
de • xal rag xal at oxiXXai xal ol poX@ol xavxb 7rof- 
ovoiv, Avlsxai de exaoxov , ov tw %xeiv , aX)! oxav 
n$(pd-y xal diavefiri&fi/'Ex^ t*w ovv xule'fingoo&ev] 
av$exai de\ oxav rj faga eX-fry iv r) xovxo ylrexai nex- 
xovarjg (ogag, oiov xal xd xSsv xgoxodelXwv w«. -2W- 
*£*$ de ovx 6ii, oil ovx imqgel aXXri xgocptj, — 27. 
Aid xl noxe xa oxogoda xal xa xgoppva , oaw av |ty- 
goxega q>vxevrjxai t xooovxw (leXxlco ylvexai* xa de 
ctXXa, x^Q^f ™& oxi navxa xa roiavxa ftaXioxa vyga- 
oiag iaxlnXi'igri; evxgaxa ovv ylvsxai xovrov xovxgo- 
nov qivxevO-evxa , xal oxi i\xxov orjnexai, oxav Srjgav- 
&evxa yvxevdfj. — 28. Aid xl noxe xd oxogoda xal 
id XQOfifxva fiova xtov q?vxiav xelfieva fiXaoxavei; H 
dioxi vygaoiag ioxl nXr t gri xal xgo(pr\g ; % negiovola 
ovv ioxi xrig xgoyyg , f\ nqiovoa (iXaaxdveiv • (pnXov 
3d' xal ydg al oxlXXai xal fioXflol, xavxb noiovaiv) 
avt-exai de, oxav fycoga cX&rj Ixdoxca. — 29. Aid xi 
xd tw ipvxgio vdaxi dgdofisva yXvxvxega , i] xd xoj 

Digitized by GoOgle 



188 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

&SQfAO) ; TIOJBQOV OXb tyXaiaxXtlO^tVOV TO \t£Q*XOV 

dXfivgwxtgov , waneQ xal xb aXpvgdxsgov degpors- 
gov; to dt yXvxv, havxlov, uvntg ipvxgov. Tgoxpt] di 
Tolq Xaxdvoig to vygbv, Haloixvpol ivjsv&ev. — 30* 
Jid xi xa axogoda o&* fidXXov iyxavXovvxa , {j via 
ovxa; "Hon vmv fitv bvxcov , txi noXv vygbv aXXo- 
rgiov ivbv, dq>aigtlxai xr t v dvvafiiv avrwv ; oray Ji 
jiS7ictv&ji , ixxixgipivov ?/6^ xovxov , xoxt xqv oixtiav 
I'xei od^v. Avxi] ds ioxi <pvasi. c Ofiolwg di xal \oV\ 
dXXoi xagnol oi ngoocpaxoi ovxtg , vdagioxsgot. Ji 
o xal xd xgopfiva r\xxov dgifiia xd vtdxtga, — 31. 
J id xl twj> fiivggww (lev pyxexagixevfiivtov, xd pvgxot 
dnoggti fidXXov xwv yvXXiov xagixtvopepoav 3b tw 
qrvxti, xa plv cpvXXa dnoggti, xa defivgxa oix anog- 
gti; n fl axagix*vi<av fitv ovxav , ovxwg t'xti did xr\v 
(fvoiv; oxav ydg ntnav&y, anoggtlv nicpvxe xa [ivg- 
ia. Tovxo 8 e ov avfiPahst xtifi£v(ov t uXXd {i6vor 
xwXvti i] ixpag xov cpvxovg (itxafiaXXtiv xb ev tw 
fivgxca vygov. Tw ds yvXXa anonlnxu xovvavxiov, 
avxwv tygaivofisvcov. _ To ds cpvxog ^gaivei, uXfiv- 
gbv ov. Ov Tauib ovv avgjtpaivet ini xs xr\; fivggl- 
vr\g ovoi , xal xsipivoig rdig yvXXoig. — 32. Aid xi 
o\ oixvoi ninovtg agioxoi yivovxai ivxolgJXojdsoi tie- 
dloig, ovaiv tvvygoig, oiov ntgVOgxofisvbv xal iv At- 
yvnxco ; doxti d' svvdgog avxrj y #woa thai. "Ext dt 
xa eXcodiievvdga' oi de olxvoi aviol vygbxsgor dtb 
xal ol xij-rtaloi qpavXoi tioiv, 'lloxsgov oxt tig fid&og 
did axXrigoxrixa xr\g yijg dvayxd£exai yvievso'&ou; r t 
yag nijXwdrjg xal ntdiag , [idXiaxa yivtxai axXrjgm' 
oi di , etg fiddog cpvxtvdwxig, fieXxiovg. **H dioxt 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIOXX. PROBL. 29-35. 189 

tqgav del shcu t>}v yi]v t diet xb avxo slvat vygbv <jpi5- 
ot* ; ot/rw yag avxionwpevov , inl fiioov r\*u, *H dk 
iXoadsaxigaftev , (ia&tia ds , xgoqprjvi'oxn xal dia xb 
(iu&og xqg yfjg , xal dia xbv xonov xal ovx vntg- 
fiaXXovoav, diet xb^rjgaivso-O-aixrjvyilvndXiv. — 33. 
(cf. 2, 13.) ^fra xi xb mjyavov dvoadtig xovgldgaxag 
noisl, xal evict xiov fivgwv; j jF/ oxt, botov 4v t/} uofifj 
/Sagvxrjg svi xal dgifAVxrjg, xavxa xsgavvvfisva xotig 7ic- 
Qixxwfiaxixaig vygoitjOi , xaxwdeaxigav noisi xi\v 
oofirjv; — 34- Aia xixb wr\ y av ov jSaoxav lag (petal q>ag- 
u ax or slvat; "lldioxi @aoxalvsodai doxovoi Xafigwg 
io&lovxtg , rj vqiogwttsvoi xivag dvoxFQelotg , xalntgl 
xa ngoacptgofisva vnonxagexovxeg; 'EmXiyovoi yovv, 
oxav ij]e avxr t g xgaTis&jg idlaxi ngoayigwvxai, ftsxa- 
didovxtg , ivct nrj (Jaoxdvyg ps. "Anavxtg ovv fisxa > 
xngi%r t g xcov ftgwpaxav ngoooioovxai xo didbfisvov 
vygov, r\ Gixiov, vcp tov t] xaxaXafj/Savofiiviav, i) ans- 
vovtiirmv [iBxswgio&evxa xa oixict, avvs&Tisos [xal] xa 
. nvsvfiaxa vnb xw vygwv , xal nbvovg xal axgo<pov$ 
7iagi%*i. To nriyavov ovv ngosdsodsv, &sg{iaviixbv 
ov xr t (pvau , rigaiwas xb dexofisvov ayystov xa otxia, 
xal xbaXXo oiofia. Jib st-a&sv xb iyxaxaXapfiavbfis* ! 
vov nvevfia ovfiftalvsi, — 35. Aiaxl v\ bglyavog ip- ■ 
fixXXofisvy tw yXtvxti, yXvxvv noul xbv olvov ; ip- 
paXXovxai ds dio xoxvXai tig xbv jjtpMpogia. *H oxt, • 
i$aigsi, di &v ij uvoxrig6xr t g yivsxai, xb vdaxwdsg xal 
xb xgvy&dsg avadexofiivrj tig avxi]v; Sr^iiiov ds, 3x* ' 
ix xoviwv xb avoxrjgov • ol yag olvot t\xxov paXaxol, 
iuvvdcog nagaxeSf] , xal iav iv xy xgvyla nXeia xgo~ 
vov iaaji Tl $* Xal oxav noicoai yXvxv, yXiwai xa$ ' 

Digitized by GoOgle 



190 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

axaqpvXag noXvv XQovov, xai o %Xiog a<patget xb vdu- 
iwtiig, xal xb Xombv avfinitxei. Tavxb de xovxo 
noiet xal ij bgiyavog* tyga yag xal -fregfir}. c JIgts eU> 
xoxtog diafiivsi. — 36. dia xi at [xiXaivat fivggivai 
7tvxvoq>vXXoxegat uai xiav Xevxaiv fivggwoov ; 'Hoxi 
aygiaxsgai to yevog ; 2r^uov de, oxt yivovxai (v xotg 
aygotg, xal fjxioxa fiexafiaXXovoiv vnb xqg imfieXelag. 
Tot ds vyga navxa nvxvocpvXXoxega. diet yag to 
rjtxov nsxxtiv xbv xagnbv, slg xa (pvXXa i\ xgoyri 

TQSnSTCCl. 

SECTIO XXI 

"Oaaitegl akepcra xal fiu&v, xal to ofiouc, 
Jia xl fj nxiaaavrj xal xo aXevgov, iXalov inixeo- 
fiivov, Xtvxoxegov yivexat ; Kaixoi xb e'Xaiov nvggov, 
"H oxi neyvxe fiiyvifitvov xoS vygy aq>gi£eiv; xovxo 
ds r\ Xevxoxrjg • % de ju/£i£ xgiipsi xal mvyvsi. Mi- 
yvvxai di/xaXXovxolg oo>fiaTix6tg. Ev ds xdlg ixpi^iaoi 
xovxo ovfiflalvst. Jib xalXevxoxeganoist. — 2. Aiaxlr\ 
ix xov nvgov XQO(fti fiaXioxa agfioxxsi xotg owfiaoi, xal 
(taXXovxgoytpogswixxwvxgi&tov/Hdioxipexgiavexet 
yXiaxgoxj]xa; Au de xr\v xgoq>r\vexsw ' xovxo • Ilgooq>vvai> 
yag del xal ngogxoXXij&Tjvai tw ow/uccti • ov aVxtov 
xb yXtbxgov. *AXXa yja&vgwxegov • di o al xexgip- 
fievai acpodga fia^ai t xgoqufimegai \elaC\ xwv axgl- 
nxtav. — 3- (cf. 7.) dia xl xa>v (ievaXevgwv xa 7IQ&- 
xa, xo)v ds aXcplzcov xa xeXsvxata Xafingoxega; H 
dioxt xb [isv, xa-rtvgbv ov, ixsgi&gavexai • xb ds , fia- 
Xaxb*, iv&Xlfoxai; Appngbxegov de & afiq>oxiqo^ to 
4vxog, — 4. dia xC oi agxoi Xevxoxegoi yalvovxai,, 
Wxgol ovxeg, rj Oegfioi/^H dia xqv aix^v ctlxiav 

Digifeed by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXI. PROBL. 1-7. 191 

tgonov tiva xal to eXaiov Xevxotegov tov ngooopa- 
xov to naXaiov; Altiov yag tyg psXaviag to vdag. 
Tovto di ip afigjorigoig itXtlov ngoayatoig ovor XQO- 
vi£o[iivoiQ de, dta to i$atfii£eiv, Xelnetai eXattov to 
iTtmoXijg. 'ESmpitei de tov fiev iXalov , r\ 6 XQOVog t 
if o i]Xiog' ix de tw agtuv ipvxopevav to dsofiov 
i$wv, yjvxQcov pi* ovtm; 4SeXrjXv&er' ivde&egftoZg 
ovoiv, eti eveotiv. — 5. Aia ti olavaXoiagtoinXeio- 
va otcc&ftov fyovoi tcSv rjXiOfieymv, tatv aXwv avtolg 
i'otov vnagxovmv ; elxbg di tjv toyvavtiov • ol yag 
ccXeg ngogxeivtal ti , xal fiagvtegoi tov vdatog eloiv. 
H on fygabovoiv ol oXeg; dt o xal owgerat SotjTtta 
to: tetttQixsv pivot. *AvaXiaxetai yag xal tygaivetai 
to vygov vn avtwv, o orineza^vno tov &egpov. Kal 
iv toi agta ovy avaXioxstai to vygov vnb tov aXbg, 
xal anonvil c|w. At S xal ol e'aXoi agtoi, xovyote- 
gol eioi twv &egfi(ov, ipvxgoteqoi ovteg. *Ev de to7g 
firj r)Xiofiivoig , tovto to vygov nXeioxov ivvndgxov, 
pagvtigovg avtovg jtpiil. — 6. Aid tl ol fib rpvxgol 
ugtoi avaPgsx&ivtsg , el axpovtai aXXrjXav, ov owe- 
Xovtai, ol §e&tgfioi,'*Hbti ol fdv tyvxgol , fista tr\q 
atfiidog dcpiaoi to h aitdlg yXioxgov vygov ovi$eX- 
&6vtog , ov xoXXuvtai; to yag idmg, w ifigixSyoav, 
ipa&vgwttgov iotiv. Ol de &egpol, I'xovoltiva yXi- 
oxgotrjta. "Otav [per] ovv fie^geyfiivcov cwtwv ?/ 
cttfiig i£lr}+ to [xiv &egjuov dianveX, did Xentotr^ta' 
to de xoXXwdeg ', avve^ibv avt$ , xal fiiyvvjievov 
t$ vyga , ngooigxBO&at noiii iv avtolg. — 7. 
(cf. 3.} Aid ti xwv dXevgoav td ngS>ta Xafingo- 
rata iati, tZv di aXqpltav ta teXevt ata; *H ott 

Digitized by GoOgle 



192 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

to fiiiv uXquxov , xanvgbv ov , nsgi&gavsxou, olov 
fidXioxa ndoxu nXt\atov XQ^ V0V xonxoptvov; xb ds 
fiaXaxbv xal Xsnxbv aXevgov, o ioxiv ivibg xovnvgov, 
ix&Xiflexai [xal xonxsxai~\ ngwxov. Aotfingoxaxov 
ds ioxiv iv upcpoxigoig to ivxog. — 8. Aid xl i) giiv 
fiu'Cd, boot uv fjiaXXov xgi<p&fl , dygdiax^grixoxsgu yl- 
vixar b 5e agxog, ivdinx^griioxsgog ; ^H did to xgi- 
q>&r\vai o<podgot to axaig , fiixgoxsgov yivsxai' to di 
yXiuxgov, xoiovxov ioxiv ; vnb ds xov nvgbg, navxo- 
Ssv iSjjgyxai xb vygov xov agxov woxs ipa&vgwxsgov 
yivsxai xov vygov i$aigs&ivxog oXwg , oaco av fiaXXov 
xgicpd-jj, did xb iv tj/ xglysi fiixgofisgioxsgov ysyovs- 
vai" xb ds ipa&vgbv, svnsTtxoxsgov ioxiv, 'il ds fict£cc, 
ooo) Sv fiaXXov xgup&fi, yXioxgoxsga yivsxai xov vygov 
lis^iiyfiivov xo ds yXloxgov , ovx svdialgsxov. Ta ds 
xoiavxa , dvgnsntd iaxi. Aslydg xb 7isg>^7}o6fisvov 
diaigt&rjvai tig fiixgd. — 9» Aid xl ij fiev fxd'Ca, xgi- 
pcpivT], iXdxxav yivsxai • xb ds uxoug, [iu£ov ,• "/J oxi 
xb [isv &X<fixov figsx&w xalxgifio/xsvov, ovvi&txfl xoZ 
vygov xoXXr\on, did xb dgaibv slvat xal xordgov ; xb 
ds dXsvgov, psxtaglQixai, didxb nvxvbv oyvdgaslvai; 
xd yag nvxva, tqi(36[xivu , &sgp.alvsxai' digfiaivops- 
va ds xal nvsvpaxovfASva , [isxt<agl£sxat , xo^c- 
mg [*a*] i\ odgt. — 10. (Cf. 23.) Aid xl ds 
nvgovfisvov xb axcug , fiitSov yivsxai y fj /uct£cc; 
i) oxi l/«4 vygov £ovJ xsxwgiofisvov • waxs i$i&- 
vai &sg(icuv6psvov did xip xglipiv • i$ ov &tg- 
paivopivov, nvsvfAa yivsxai,' ixdsxov nXsiovog vygov, 
dvdyxri yivso&ai nXsiov nvsvpa. — 11. J id ti, %ov 
piXixog xoXXrjxixwxigov ovxog q xov vdaxog, to T$ 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXI. PROBL. 7 — 13. 193 

psiUxoctTcp cpvga&sv aXsvgqv , ipa&vgwxsgov ytvsxat 
Sxav kipTi&jj rj ontfi&p , ij to t$ iidaxi; n H dioxi, to 
fih inb xov nvgog nrjyvvxaixal ovvioxaxat, to vdoag' 
to ds fieXi, ovvioxa psv, aXU im$7}Qfitivsf dt o paX- 
Xovya&vgbv noiti. C H ydg yja&vgoTrjg , vnb Iqpa- 
olctg yivsTai. — 12. Aid il oldinvgoi agzoiywX'&iv- 
xsg, ov yivovxat oxXtigoi; *H oxi e%u two) h aixta 
6 nvgog yXvxvv xal yXloxgov x v l*bv t og iaxiv at tov 
xa&dnsg yjvxy > 2r\n.uov di' Zqgaivofisvog yag, oXtog 
xsvovxai* voxiwy ds, sx<pveTcti. Tov ovv xvfiov xov- 
tov ivvndgxovxog xal iv t&> aXevqco xal (idXiaxa to* 
xa&ecQtotdtM, oxaixbg ysvofisvov tov dXsvgov xal tqi- 
fiofisvov, ovpPaivei avxo. 2r}{iuov ds ' hipojisvov yag , - 
diaxoigrjnxtoTsgov yivsxai, 'Onxcoftivov psv ovv to 
nqwkov tov Sgtov, xbipa&vgbv xaliXacpgbv fisxd rov 
iygov tov ix tov SgTov anctTfii&i, xal tov dXsvgov 
to dxvgcadioTaTOV anoxaisxai. °El;aigs&svxog ds xal 
TQiPo/nevov ndXiv toV' oxaixbg, to y xs xov dXsvgov 
Xsioxaxov , xal tov iygov yXioxgbxaxov Xsmofisvov, 
(jiiyvvxat paXXov kavxoig, did xs to xoiavxa xal paX- 
Xov ysyovivai, xal did xtjv nvgaow payy yag bftoia 
^ filUg aixaiv yivsxar woxs ysvso&ai to voxsgov to*- 
q>&ev oxaig, opoiov t$ l\JJO[i£vcp dlsvga. Kal yag 
ixiivo y xgicp&ivxog tov oxaixbg , xal Xsiydivxog tov 
Aerttoxdxov dXsvgov xal tov yXioxgoxdxov vygov, 
mvga&sv [xal] xoXXwdsg yivsxai xal dvs£ixfiaoxov. 
To, xs yag yXloxgov , dvgdiaigsxov * xal to nvxvov, 
ov&sv dt cfVTov ngo'lsiai* iygoxaxov ovv xovxo, xal 
Sia nvgog ndoxu agxog did xd sigrifiiva* l^wr ds del 
t)ygoTx\Ta , ov yivsxai oxXygog. — 13. Aid xl xrjg 
Arist.'Probi,. N" 

Digitized by GoOgle 



194 ARIST. PROBLEMATA, 

xgoyijg xyg Srjgag xal xfjg vygag ivloig dvvapt&a 
noXvv xqovov XQV<*&t*h olov xtj ywop&yjj xgoyn i$ ak- 
qp/xcw xal aXtvg&v , xal xotg oVvoig xotg avjtrjgotg 
xal vdaxf xolg 6e ov dvvafit&a, xal xavxa ifiiov 
ovaiv;*Hoxi xa fiiv £<ju x&v ngogyegofjiivaiv, imno- 
Xaoxixa xal xgoxpipa • mats xul oxav xsyoj&uat , iijc 
ngfaxtjg xgocprig ayaXh&elaijg, en sveoxiv ivxip Gcopan 
ftoXXff dvvapig • wg fih ngbg xi]v ngtoxriv igyaoiav 
xov otopaxog, ns<f>&uo(X * wg ds ngog xo xiXog xal xt]v 
lxdiado%ijg yivofiivrjv, uJimxog; Toiavxa dsioxi xal 
tc5v tidewv xa nXsloxa. Ivpiv yag Xinaga xal yXv- 
nia, xalniova, tjdioxa doxsl tlvai ysvo(isvoig fifuv. 
Tavxa di iaxt navxa \xa\ xgoyipa xal ovk anenxa, 
xal imnoXaouxa, iv j] av ]j diaqpoga • wars tvavXov 
slvai xt\v dvvapiv, iav xig avxwv nXrjgw&jj , xal pi 
xaxv ixXdntj xi\v al'a&riaiv. Ov yag fiovov h x]\ 
xoiXia ivovxw ylvexai r\ nXrjgaoig , aXXa xal diado- 
&Btarjg xr\g xgocpyg , iv aXXoig jiigeoiv. "Hoi fiovo* 
xovxo aixiov, aXXa xal xo xy qpvoti %vta ovp/istQa jT- 
voli xal oixnct rjfitv; lid via yag xa xoiavta , diet xb 
xaxa cpvaiv elvca, fiaXXov ngoolexai xa odjjiaxa' rot dt 
naga cpvoiv, yxxov. *AXXa xs aXXy xgdost, agfto&f 
oiov xo ftiXl xatg fisXlxxaig xaxa <pvoiv iaxtv t £axz 
nQogcpsQEO&cu fiovov xaixot, ao&svug yi^siai xr\v 3v- 
va/uv wars dtl Xsijiuv xb uvaXiaxopevov , uXX* slvai 
avaXoyov xo nXy&ogj ngbg xrjv loxvy tijv onto xafv *xv- 
&gum(ov woxe ooa xmv fjdiwv xoiaviu ioxi, diet flit 
xo iv xji cpvaet, ryixov vjiugxetv, i}dia qpairttai, oXlyoi 
bsxgovov • tUxa nXrigol xaxv . Tuv di xaxa (pvoiv, 
aH viovxat. "jlaxB xal ngoo(pBgou&(Ov avvtzwg dt 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXI. PROBL. 13-16. 195 

avxa, ov xwr iflianor, aXl! kiigyv rjxxor nXrjgovrxat, 
— 14. Aid tl xd avxd avrt&i£opiroig is f}8ia qpa/- 
rsxai, xal Xlar ovrsx&g ngogqtsgofiiroig ovx ydta. To 
8s s&og ioxi, to noXXdxig xal ovyex<og [xij noiuv ; 
*H oti xb (isr efrog s£ir Stxnxyr xirog ir fifur noul, 
ov nXrigtaair; xb 8s ovrtx&g ngog<pigso&aiu, nXrjgol 
xrjr im&vpiar; [xal xa&dnsg alitor; ton yag xt xal 
t) im&vfiia.~\ At per ovr sUig yvpraSopsrat, avtov- 
tai xal irttdidoaot • xd 8s dyyua } oaxxoptra , ov8sv 
fisi£(» yirsxai. Aiontq to per s&og , ov yvprdator, 
auSti xr\r 8txxiX7\r gf*y to 8s ovrtx&S ngogytgofjiiror, 
adxxsi piv xal nXygol zip im&vplar ' rtf TtXrigut&si- 
arj$ , ovx hi ngooiips&a' av£ei 8s ov&er avxijr, did 
id ngosigrjpira inl rrjg od&ug. "jEu to s&og ov lor 
id ifivrsir, ij8v ioxi, (Xvnii yag xal xd xoiavxa, idr 
rig ovrtx<n$ noitf) dXXd tw xyrdgxrir xov egyovr}8twg 
ij/iag 7igooleo&ai, xal nXtifoxgoror 8vrao&ai xavxbr 
Ttoitir, % aovrrj&Hg orxag. *£r $ ovv xal xovxo Xvtxu 
7\8v or y iv ravio) xal xa aXXa rj8ia. JZvnxwg yag 
yivopsra y ngooqxgofxsra, dfiqpoxsga Xvnsi. Alnov 
8s [8iaJ to fii) ansigovg ypdg ir avxdlg 8vrdptigl'xur 
rdg 8sxxixdg xal noir\xixdg , dXXd nsusgaafjihag , «V 
TvyX<*rovaai xov ovfipixgov avxaig, (xovxo yag avrt- 
%ojg iaxir alo&qxbr sig inl8ooir) at psr, nXrjgovrxai, 
at 8s, dSvraxovair irsgyuv. — 15. Aid xl to fiir 
axaig ylrsxai xgi/Softsror Xsvxor, fj 8i pd£a fitXav- 
tiga; Iloxsgor oxt $r}gairexai fiaXXor xb irtmoXrigir 
tc<5 cd(pha>, olor ir vygtjj &egnbr, o noisl tiJv Xtvxo- 
xr\xa ; r\ 8ta xb, nmvguo&at, i'Xxtt, xb vygbr slg avtb, 
iisyaXoftsgiaxsgor ay. — 16. Aid xt xa «Aqpa«/u«A- 

N2 



190 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

Xov in vdaxi ovpfiivM opvgofiBva, t/tw Hetty, ovu 
yXiaxgoxigt^' xaixot, xoXXijTixwxtgov xb yXlaxgov • to 
Si sXaiov, xov vSaxog yXiaxgoxegov ; "& oxi Xmxoxt- 
gov xb vdojg ; a oxs sigigxfxai tig anav xal fiaXaxa 
noihi, ovfxcpvsjai xs fiaXXov xal ouv&Xifoxai ngbg aX- 
XriXa % xaiioi frXiflopeva xalxwglg xijs xgtyuog. — 17. 
Jia xl oi axgmxoi agxoi xal ol oqtoSga tct£</i- 
fjiivoi Qrjyvvvxai ,• *H ol gjisv uxgmxoi , Sia xb aovvSt- 
lot uvai ; r\ yag xglipig ovvdu. I2goaSonsnoirivxai 
ovv xtu grjyvvo&ai. *Exi dfiiyig xal noXv %x ovQk 
\xb~\ vygov, Ol Ss xtxgiptfiivot aopoSga, Xiav eioi 
£r)gol, diet ro bXlytav %x uv vygov, Oegfjutivofievtav 
yag, nav i&gxtiou. "Jloxs afjupu, dia to noXv vygov 
iiiivai, Qijyvvvxai. IloXi yag iv piv xolg axginxoig, 
unXwgsvsoxiv iv Se xoTgxtxgifipevoig, ngbg xovnoXoy- 
nov, — 18. 4ia xl xovepoxsgov to (pvgafia yivsrai, 
rj Sfiqxa, to; xe vygov xal to aXtpixov ; Uoxsgov otl 
(iiyvv[iivMV,nvtvpa ovyxaxaxXslsxai ,-"11 oti inb xov 
degpov xov iv xdig dXq>lxoig i$axfil£exat xov vSaxog 
&OX8 tXaxxov ylvtxat xb fiefiiyfiivov ; 6 Si aijg, si xm 
ftiyvvzai, ovdiv av xovyoxsgov notjj. "fix* 1, /&$ P a ' 
gog xal 6 dyg iv tw aigu — 19. dia xifisxa xovaA- 
q>ixov mvafievov xb yaXa xalb yXvxvg, <paivtxatyl±'- 
xvxtga; Uoxsgov naga xb fjirj yXvxv, fiaXXov q>aiv$xon: 
xb yag aAqpixov , ov yXvxv* *H oxi ivSiaxgi/Sti xt 
aXqpixov tyov yXvxvxtjxa • a>cm nXtiovi xg^vta »j at- 
od-tjoig; — 20. dia xi tjxxov axgaiov opaivsxai xt 
nvtb nofja fiera xov aX<piTov mvofievov; IZoxegoi 
ott xsgnwvaiv aXXo I'xov fisx 3 aXXov; % oxtuvxicpg&x- 
xei xmn6[iaxi xal ayavl'Qu, avxiomiv eig avxo,- — 21- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXI. PROBL. 17 — 24. 107 

/jiot xl o xovdgog nXsiov vd<og dsxitat, rj ol ttvqoI i$ 
Stv o xoiovxog iyirsxo XQ V $Q°S> "& ° Tl SXsvqA nag 
iaxlv 6 x ov Sq o $ > Ta ds aXsvga nXsiov dsxsxat* xal 
yag ylvsxai o oyxog nXslav , % bxav nvgav. 2iaa- 
xxai yag xal xa iv tdtg nvgdtg. Tot ds nXtiio , xwqii 
nXsiov • xal xovxo xal on %xh &sgti6xrjxa xal xa aXtv- 
ga, xal 6 xovdgog. To ds &sgpbv, xocl s'Xxsi ftaXXov 
xbvygbv, xaliSavaXiaxuiSaxpiSov. — 22. (cf. sup. 9.) 
Aia xl xb aXsvgov xgifiofif vov , fisl£ov noXv ylvsxai , ?y 
to aXyixov , xaxa Xoyov; "il onto ph , noXv vdag 
dsxsTcti* to ds, oXlyov ; Aia xl dixsxai nXiiov ; poX- 
Xov yag stxbg to aXcpixov • nsnvgaxai yag • xb ds, 
anvgov • paXXov 5s tygbv xb nsnvgafiivov, ' II dioxi 
TQtipiv fiaXXov dsx^xcti xb aXsvgov; xovxov ds avxiov, 
to fiixgofisgioxsgov slvai, a Slonsg ovv boanXdaiov 
iaxi dvvd/isi xy pixgoxvixi, rooavxanXdoiov ds%sxat, 
to vdag. KoXXrj yag XQV xaL T< ? vdaxi • wonsg xal 
'EfA,TudoxXr}g psxrjvsyxsv iv xoig fpvaixdtg slnav, *!dX- 
q>ixov vdaxi xoXXrjoag* xal avaXloxsi noXv dia xovxa. 
— 23. (cf. 10.) dia xl ds xal nsnvgafiivoy xb axalg 
fiil^ov ylvsxai, t) r\ <ua£a; *H oxi %xsi vygov \oi~\ xp^oj- 
Qtafiivov, &axsi$isvai, S-sgiiaivofisvov, ovnvsvfiayi- 
vofisvov , xal ov dvvapevov s^isvai ofiolag xal iv xrj 
fioiSfl , dia tijv nvxvoxyxa xov axaixog; (nvxvbv yag 
to ix fAixgofisgsoxigav^ al'gsi ovv xal now xov oyxov. 
"Mxi, ds xal nXsiov s'xsi xb vygov* i$ ov &sgiiuivo(ii- 
vov, nvsvfia ylvsxai* 3 £x di xov nXslovog } avayxrj 
ylvso&ai nXsiov. — 24. (cf. 38, 10.) ^'« %i ol Tisgl 
ir\v xuv otxlcav ig^yaolav , ol /*«? nsgl xag *qvO±*, 
axgooi yivovxai xal xaxag$6ixoi- ol ds nsgi xovgirv- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



198 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

govg , tvexxixol; "ll dioxi tv7tf7XTOxtgoQ o nvgbg xyg 
xgi&ijg • diontgxat al dnoggoiai; — 25, did xl 
b agxog, iav /idvxig avxbv bnxd, oxXrjgoxsgog ylvtxav 
iav di rig avxbv xXictivri , vygoxsgog axgi> xivog; *ll 
on omtofiirov avxov , xb vygbv sxnogtvtxat; oxXr r 
goxtgog ovv yivtxai. 3 Em&fgfiaivofiivov d*i, xb vygbv 
ovoxu&iv, diaxuxai vnb xov nvgog* dib vygoxtgot 
yivovxai, — 26. Aid xl xd fiiv aXsvga, ipux6fi£va l 
i\xxov adxxtxaf xd di aXq>ixa t fidXXov;"Hoxixd, fib 
(iixgoptgy oi diaXdnti xtoQtxr, xal xd (iagia xjj &Xi- 
yjft, xd nXdaj, iXaxxcn xatixst xb loov; Ta fiiv ovv 
ixXcpuct, ddgd ion. Wvxdptva ovv , iXdxxca yivexai' 
wort to eXaxxov ovfJinUZu xb nXiov. Ta 8e SiXtVQa 
vnagxti fiiv [uxgopsgrj ovxa • &oxi ov did xovxo yv- 
XVtw dlX Xva ji xovq>6xtga , xal fir] odxxijxdi dta 
irp &Xiyw. JBagvxsgov ydg q>ian to dksvgov xov 
aXyixov ioxiv. 

SECTIO XXII. 
°Oaa 7r#oi dndgctv. 
did xl xr t v bndgav voxigov r\ ngbxsgov qxxyov- 
aiv oix dvdXoyog xolg avxoig o oyxog xqg nXrig&- 
osog yivtxai ; *H oxi fiagvxiga ioxlv ^ bnwga jzoXv 
twv o ix lav. dr\Xoi 8s xal xa ovxa, iav vaxaxa pgw- 
S-Ji • xsXtvxaZa ydg ifxsixai. *Edv fisv ovv ngatxa, 
did fidgog xdxro nogtvofisva, Bvgvx(oglav ava ntiiu. 
"Jloxs $a8i(og ddxso&ai xbv oyxov xdiv oixiwv. °Ava- 
naXiv di sioeX&ovxa xd oix la, did xb fit] xdxto q>igt- 
a&cti, vaxv tov avm xsvov ngooXaft/idvti. — r- 2. d& 
Ti'r&r fkv*4wv Zrtwv oftoiottqtuv r,fuv ij xwv dgifuitov t 
Sdxxov TtXtjgovfisda vnb zwv yXvxiwv ; uxog di h 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXII. PROBL. 1-4. 199 

*>ttov. e Tno yag twv onofav n^xov l\v slxbg ttXjj- 

nOVO^CU. "H OTl OVX Ofiol^ TO, T8 eX^WOV 71^- 

doStc" t«^,' £ ol nlnqovfit&a, xal to Tgscpofisyov ; 
*il£ Mots xj fjth xoiXia nX^gng &**"> °*° v ™ v dl ~ 
\p<avTW n ds dtyct, ovdb fair soxiv s ov yfy tw t«u- 
% n v slvat,nXi)gr\ Ttavopt&a dupmvttg, ixUct tw fxaarov 
x&v tov odfiaxog to avx$ olMov koraxsvai^ xal otcx* 
Ustva anoXavy ixavag, tots navofis&a dup&rttg • xa* 
nsivvvrsg ds, aoavTtog. — 3.^"* */ &axxovnXngovi*e- 
&a anb xwv yXvxmv, *j aTro tc5v 8gi^ii(ov; "ll Ixh&ax- 
tov nav6fis&a sm&vpovvxsg t&v yXvxiavj r\J>S p** 
r\ xodia nXrigovTCU, ovxa xal tifitlg anb xuv yXv- 
xiws"B ov X hiioXoyuxai- on 8s y in^v(iia &axxo v 
in aixwv nX^govxai, xovx av tfr\ Xsxtsov ; [v] ou 
<rj nh fri&vfiLct (ag otnXag simlv) son psv svdua, 
oxav juptcrt &f0fMi> TQoepw, V oliyip ; Ta fisv ovv 
8gifiia,ovx son Toocp^a, aXXa Tgoyyv (*sv oXlyrjv 
tX*i, to de nsghxafia noXv. 'JElxoxtog ovv noXXa 
ravxu frTovptv io&lsiv, xal ov* i^mnXdfii&a av- 
tojv ti\v im&vplav, dia to I'tj ixgoadslo&ai xgo^g, 
xavxa de m sxsiv Tooyyv • t« tie yXvxia, anavxd ion 
TQoyr], xal ano yuxgav xoiovxav noXXi)v lapftavu to 
o£>(ia. "Oxav ovv anoXavy noXXyv xgo^)v, ovxsu dv- 
vaxai io&isiv, dia to m vnoysgnv. Elxoxug ovv 
&axxov vnb twv yXvxmv nXrigovfis&a. — 4. Ata 
xl t« ntgixdgma xal t« xgia, xal ooa xoiavxa, iv 
Toig aaxolg aotjma ylvtxai, oxav ocpodga <pvori&w- 
ai • xal t« iv Toig axgiftig nsg^a^T^dvoig ma v- 
wg; "HfooTt, ofasiai ph xivov^sva navTa ^ Ta ds 
i*iqn, i*bn**. 'AdivaTov yig avsv xsvov uwr 

Digitized by GoOgle 



200 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

■fryvai* ravia ds nX^gfj* — 5. Aid t/ phd %d oa- 
ngd toIv nsgixagnltav, 6 olvog nixgog opaivsiai ni*6- 
psvog; "if on itjv mxgoiriia %xti i] aanqoir\g r\ tot- 
avirj ; 16 ovv impivov inl ir\ yXcortri, piyvvpsvov io 
7i6fi.au xal diax*opsvov, nixgbv nocsX ib no pa. Al- 
io ds xa& alio i\nov tpaivsiai la&iopsvov, did it 
noXXcov ccTTito&ai, xdfeig pixgd diavzveprjG&at, ibi 
toioviov xv >pbv. — 6. Aid it id igayr\paia ids- 
aiiov ; '!ff $vsxa iov meiv ixavov; ov yao povoi 
noisov ir\g di^g x<*Q iy tfs toi T0 *£ anioig, dXXd xa) 
pei & ib oniov. — 7. Aid rl id bind xdgva, y>v- 
X&tvia xty * ylvsiai, xal 6 agiog de,xal 6 fia- 
Xapog , xal fioXXa iwv loioviav &egpav$£vioi 5i 
naXiv, peXii(a; n H dioii yvx&iviog psv, ninriysvo 
Xvpog • dvaxXtav&ivKOV ds, ndXiv x&t <**>>' V $& ydovri 
ylvsiai did ibv x v p6 y * — Aid ii iv ifj dnoXavou 
i7jg bnwgag, olov cvxtav xal iwv ioiovkov, ij olvov 
axgaiov dst inintvsiv, ij vdag* lavia dk ivaviia ;*H 
on ij on(6 ga xal &sgprj ion xal vygd did irjv ysvs- 
aiv ; sx*t ydg ivoXv nvg xal vygoiijia * wore did psv 
io nvg, olov Ssoiv noisi 6 x^pbg stoat • onsg %!;<o to 
yXsvxog noiu, Hnov ds %xsi dvvapiv, xal ia SXXa 
ia axgodgva. To di iqg vygoirjiog nXtj&og, dns- 
tpiav no lei. ., To psv ovv vdag, did ii\v ipyxgoiyta 
ofievvvsi it)v £eW • o de olvog, did ir\v &sgpoiriia 
a*g imionoXv. "Jlonsg ydg nvg ivlois nvgog , iiv 
jl sXaiiov, dqpaigsliai ii\v ioxvv pdXXov ds ip %}sq- 
poxyxi nsnnxdg ion, itjg vygotrjiog , xal did fidgog 
xaiaxgaxti imv iyg (iotwg imnoXaapiav. — 9. Aid 
ii i&v ioxddojv yXvxviaiai al dixa ioxivpivai • ovit 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECT10 XXII. PROBL. 5 — 12. 201 

tis al noXvdxidslg, ovts at aoxidug; "H dioti ix piv 
iwv noXvoxiduv, dianinvsvxe xal i$ix[iaxs fietd tov 
vygov to nXstotov tov yXvxsog ; iv de totig fis[ivxvi- 
aig,. noXv to vdatSkdsg t ioti, did to (iy rjtfuxivai. 
At de ioxiatJiivai (*h>, m slg noXXd ds t dfiyotigav 
tovtcov ixtog eioi tuv na&rjfidttov. — 10. dux %l 
ta%g xafilvoig tygaivofievofTa ovxa oxXrjgotsga yivs- 
tai, idv yvx&fi iv *§ Kapha , % av i$aige&ivta 
yjvx&jl ; n H ott iv [lev tJ xaplvq i$atpi&i ndv to 
vygbv vno tov d-egpov' llfco ds mgieotrixwg o dr\g 
ipvxaVf xwXvet to vygov Hsisvai xal ovvlotao&ai; 
pdXXov ydg itatpltu. "Eqti ds td psv £i?oa, axXy- 
ocr ta ds vygd, flaXaxd. — 11. 2/*a tL nagatv 
otgvcpva o olvog xal to vdag <paivetat yXvxvtega' 
olov idv tig (taXdvovg, y (ivgta, ij u tw? toiovmv 
diatgdyr] ; *H slxotag, xa&dnsg xal inl twv aXXw ; 
ndv ydg to avto nagd to ivavtiov (idXXov yalvstai' 
ol de tmv ivavtiwv xvfiol, dvtixdpsvoi nag tiolv. H 
oti, xa&dnsg inl tuv (tamopivwv, vno t&v otgv~ 
cpvwv r\ yXatta ngodiegyd&tai , xal tovg nogovg 
dvolystai, wore fidXXov diiivai to yXvxvj Kal ydg 
td fiantopeva, tovtov k'vsxsv ngofigixovoiv iv tocg 
OTQvepvoig, tcS disgyao&sv fidXXov dixw&ai ti]V /?«- 
q>nv. — 12. Aid tl td yXvxia r\itov doxel yXy- 
%ia that tfeo^a ovta, n °™ v *P v X&y > Uotsgov on 
Sfia dvo alo&rjosig ylvovtai dfMpolv wore rj tov 
&sg(iOV hxgovu tr\v itigav; i) ou xal to yXevxog 
&tgpov. "Jlonsg ovv nvg yivitai inl nvg. Xw- 
lin ovv n ^egfioTTig. fH] on to nvg dyaig&ta* 
%dg dvvapug dndvtyv, did to xivntixbv thai. Ey- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



202 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

yvxiqov ovv tov ptxaftaXXsiv ioxl &tqfta ovza* d*ro- 
yvx&ivta di, eox^sv. — 13. did xl noxt ra oyfv- 
Qtt, xdfjth oxXrjqd nixxsi, td $i nsntft pivot , ov arj- 
iiu; "il oxi to &XVQOV &£Qfi6v te xal oXxov iati; Tjj 
fisv ovv &£QfiOTrizi , nixxw tw de oXxiv ilvai, tov 
fjfcuoa toy OTjnofiwov dexfnxf di, o ov ay-net. — 
14. did xl xa ovxa, fiaXaxd xal yXvxia ovxa, Xv/uaf- 
vexai xovg odovxag; "H did tv\v yXioxqoxtjxa nqooig- 
Xtxat xolg ovXoig, xal naq$iimnxei did twv o36v- 
ttav tig xa diet pioov , diet to fiaXaxd etvai, xal a»j- 
y/tv noiil taxitag, ate <d-egpa ovxa; Taxa de [fowcj 
xa* dux xv\v axlrigoxfjxa xwv xeyxqafiidav, $v rj} tov~ 
twv xuxtgyaolu- novovoi taxing oi bdovxeg, 
SECT 10 XXIII. 
*Oou ntql to aXfiVQov vdwq xal d-uXatTuv. 
did xl to xvfxa ovx imyzlfy b> tolg fta&ioi nt~ 
Xdyeoiv, aXX* iv'totg fiixqoig xal (tqaxsow ; "JET oxi 
to fiixqbv vyqbv q>sq6fjievov , paXXop diaiqeixai vno 
tov nvev/iaxog, *j to txoXv; (Cf. 24.) — 2. (Cf. 12. et 
2&.)dtd xl xdxvfiaxa nqoxeqov cpovxaivloxexoiV itvi- 
fitov/Hoxi nqog ty ao;tjJ xov nvsvfiatog y •O-dXaooa 
wo&tloa txqoZxtj , ti\v ixofievrjv a el tavxov notu; &o'- 
neq ovar\g avxiqg ovvexovg t xa&djxsq fitcjt nXrjyfj aw- 
tX& ndoatg ylvexau To de iv hi jfOoVg) ylvtxat, 
Sloxe QVfifialvu tr\v ts nqdnr\v xal xrjv laxotvqv <*fia 
xiveto&ai. '0 de ar)Q ov ndoxeixovxo, on ovxe iaxlv 
iv oufia avvtx*g , xta noXXag ndvvod-ev avxixgovaeig 
Xapfiavuv, at noXXdxtg xaXvovot xrjv 7iqmx7)v xal vscc- 
vixwdtfjv xivtjmv, xtjv te &dXaoaav oi no tov at tov- 
*o, ^« to fiaqvxiqav xal dvaxivtjtojiqav that avtoy. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECT10 XX1I1. PROBL. 1 — 4. 203 

— 3. Aid xi xd nloXa yipuv doxu pallor iv t<h 
lipivi, 7j iv xto mldyti* xal -d-ei ds &dxxov ix xov 
mldyovg ngbg xrjv yqv, ij dnb xijg yyg tig xo ni- 
layog; ' % H oxi xo nliov vdutg dvxsgsidsi pallor [ix] 
xov-ollyov; iv d&x$ bliyoj didvxs, did.xa xgaxiiv 
avxov pallor; to&ei ydg xdxto to vdag avto&ev. 
*£r pir ovv iw lip&vi, oliyrj ioxir *j &dlaooa • iv ds 
T(u mldyu, (la&sia. v Jloxs xal dynr nliov db\u iv 
tw lipivi, xal xivrjOEXai xulsnwxjegor, did xo dedv- 
xirai pallor, xal rjxxor arxsgsldsir to vdoag • iv tw 
nsldyst di , xavarxia xovxoar iaxlv. — 4. Aid xi, 
Sxar ti gicp-d-jj tig xyr ftalaoaar xvpalrovoav, olov r\ 
ayxvga, yal^rrj ylvnai; *H dvoxi Xoxaxat fj/d-dlax- 
xa tw ysgopirtp, psxf ov drig ovyxaxacpignai * og 
in ev&elag xdxoo qpsgopivog > xal irxav&a imona- 
e&elg , avvtmanaxai xb ix nlayiov xivovv xr\v -d-d- 
Xaxrav; o ds xlvdutr trig &aldxxrjg, ovx avw&ev xd- 
to) ylrsrai, all' ininolrjg • ov l^avxog, yaUjvrj yl- 
vttai. Exi ovnovoa rj &dlaaoa elg xd diaoxdvra 
tw yeQoptvco, divrjv noiii* *H dk divy , xvxltp <pigs- 
tai. End ds q tv&sia xov xvxlov xaxd oqpsiov 
anxsxai, xa ds xvpaxa vn sv&slag lo$yg qpsgsxai, 
ovpfiaivot av avxd xov i^oaxdxov x%g dirrjg xaxd 
oijpuov ditxsd&ai, did xs xd slgrjpiva, xal did tip 
xijg diri\g qpogdv , fj ngooiovoa dnto&tixai avxa, 
Axvpov di ovxog xov xax avxr\v xonov , yalr\rr\r iv 
TiJ §rfcn avxr\g ovpftaivn ylvso&ai , St* avyxaxafidg 
dtjg xo) ivtx&ivxi xdxto, dvag>sgopsvog xal (a&wr av(o 
xr\v -frilaxxav , xa&dneg nopqtolvyo'i avxi]v, H 
ydg nopq>6lv$ t vygov vnb dsoog xdw&tv dvw&ov- 



d by Google 



204 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

fxivov iotlv, J7o/iqDoAi/£ ds naoa, Xsla xal yaXr^vog 
4<m. JErjpua ds x<ov sigrjfisvmv ioxl * fisrscogog ydg 
f] xaxd to \vsx&sv xdxoo &dXaxxa xrjg nsgi& yivsxai 

fAlXgOV VOXtQOV. 5. Aid xl ivioXS TtXola &SOVTCI 

b> tf) ■d-atXartriy svdiag xaxanlvsxai xal dq>av% yivs- 
rcu, mate fir t ds vavdyiov dvanXsHv,- *H oxav dvigw- 
dr\g xbnog iv Ttf vnb xr\v &dXaxxav yjj $ayf< 9 a pa 
sig xyv &dXaxxav xal soon dxoXov&sl xjj xov nvsv- 
fiatog yoga; o {tolas ds xccl nav xjj ytgofisvy xvxkta, 
qtigsxai xdxca. Tovxo d* soxi dlvog. Tot ds mgl 
Msorjvriv iv tw nogd-fim , ndaysi psv xovxo diot xov 
ijovv, {ylvovxai ydg al tilvcu inb xovxov) xal *axu- 
nlvsxai tig fiv&bv, did xavxd xs xal oxi &dXaxxd is 
fia&sia xal yr\ vnavxgog psxgi noggm • q>sgovoiv ovv 
fig xavxa dno^ta^bfisvai al dlvai' di b ovx dvanXst 
aixo&i xd vav&yia. e O ds §ovg yivsxai, oxav nav- 
oapsvov xov ngoxigov, avxmvsvorj inl xrjg &aXdo- 
or\g ^sovor^g x& ngoxigqt nvtvfiaxi • fidXicrta ds, bxav 
voxog avxinvsvay. 3 Avxinvsovxa ydg dXXrjXoig xd 
gsvpaxa, nagsx&Xiftsxai, aonsg ivxdtg noxaf*dig,xal 
yivovxai al Slvou. &sgtxai ydg kXixxofisvy ^ dgxy 
xqg xiv7}OEajg, avw&sv ioxvgd ova a. *Entl ovv tig 
nXdyiov ovx soxiv bgfiav, m (avxa&uxat ydg vn aX- 
XfjXtov^ dvdyxij sig fid&og at&slo&ai. "Sloxs xal 2- 
av Xrjcp&fi inb xr\g divyg, dvdyxv\ ovyxaxaysgsa&ai. 
Jib dvdoifia xd nXdta noiovvxai. "flfit] ydg bg- 
•&6v noxs (tvTjpovsvsxai xaxano&iv, — 6. did xi 
*l &dXaxxa Xsvxoxiga q iv r$ Jlovxta, y iv x$ Al- 
yai(j>; Hoxsgov did xtjv dvdxXaoiv xr\g oipsmg xqv 
yivofiivtiv dnb xijg #aXdxxrjg tig xov dsga ; *0 psv 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXIII. PROBL. 5-8. 205 

ydg negl xbv Ilovxov drjg, naxvg xal Xevxog • (Sort 
xal x^g &aXdxxrjg f\ imqpdveia xoiavxrj cpalvtxai) 6 
de iv tw Aiyctlco, xvavovg, did xb fi&xgi* nogQon livca 
xa&agog • woxe xal fj &dXaoaa dvxavyovoa, rotav- 
i7j apaivexai. *H on n&aai at Xipvai, Xevxoxtgai 
xijg &aXdoo"qg; o de Uovxog ioxl Xipvidi}g, did 
xb noXXovg noxapovg tig avxbv $eiv. Ai de 
Xifivcu, diaXevxoxsgai xr { g &aXdoot]g xal xmv noxa- 
fiwv. rgdqpovai yovv oi ygacpeig xovg pip noxa- 
fioitg wxgovg, xr\v de ddXaxxav xvaviav. ™H on, 
did piv xov TiotoifMOv diig%STCu xaxv V oytg, xal ovx 
dvaxXdxai ngbg xbv dega , dnb de tfjg &aXdoorjg 
ov; ovx Sva> dvaxXaxai', did to fiiy Xelov tlvai xb 
vdtog' xdxco de dnoxd/ivet (2adl£ovoa • dt, o fiiXaiva 
opaivexar iv ds xdig Xiftvwdeoiv , i7tmoXr\g ovxog tov 
Ttoxlfiov, xdxoj ds tov aXfivgov, ov diegxsxat, aX£ 
dvaxXdxai ngbg t^v avytjv • di o qpaivsxai Xevxij i\ 
imq>dpeia aviyg. — 7. /lid xi rj -frdXaxxa tov no- 
%'ipiov vdaxog tjttov yvxgd 9 xal t« dXvxd xZv yXv- 
ximv; Iloxegov oxi nvxvbxegov v\ &dXaooa,xal pdX- 
Xov aw/xcxy xd de xoiavxa, t\xxov ipvxexay , &gnsg xal 
^egpalvexat fiaXXov. Swaxlxtaxega ydg tov &tg- 
fiov dia Tip TTvxvoxrjia. 'Hon Xmagwxiga rj &d- 
Xaxxjt; dib xal oi ofihvvai ttjv cpXoya* ofioiag de 
xal inl t&v aXXuv. To de Xmagtbxsgov , &egp6xe- 
gov. n H oxi yijg noXv h'xw wVtc Zygoxegov ; xb de 
Srjgoxtgov, &egfi6xegov. — 8. A ! id xi i\ ddXaxxa 
evdionxiga xov Ttoilfiov, naxvxega ovoa; Xenxoxe- 
qov ydg xb nbxipov xov dXpvgov. H ov xb Xsnxov 
xxXxiov, dXX 3 ev&vwgiai xdtv nbgm nXetoxat xal pi- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



206 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

yioxal slat; To fisv ovv noxipov, nvxvbv did Xtnxo- 
(XBQudv ioxf xb di dXfivgbv, [tsydXal'xn xd didxiva. 
X H Sxi xa&agwxsgov q &dXaxxa ; Trj fiiv ydg ovx 
soxiv. *H ds upiiog, ftccguu ovoa, vyloxaxui. Ta 
di noTifia, yet/idy. Aixrj di, iv iw fiexa$v (psgopi- 
vrj , dva&oXovxai Tcyfu. — 9. Aid %i iv tdig /?o- 
qdoig svdionxoxiga r\ d-dXaxxa, % iv xdig voxlotg; 
"Hoxiiv tfi yaXrjvy XQWP* '&** V &dlaxxa; Xma- 
gov ydg i'veoxiv iv tut ccX/iHgy #v/*ft>. -Styutov di* 
ixxglvsxai ydg sXaiov iv xalg dXiaig. Evdiag ovv 
ovarjg, xai dXssivoxigag xtjg &qXdxxrjg did xovqtoxtj- 
xa, inav&t% uvea 6 xoiovtog #1740 £. Totg di /fo- 
gsioig, ijxxov, did [to] yvxog. "Eoxi di to iidwg tv- 
^tOTTTOTCOoy xov iXatov. To ydg sXaiov , ^Wjua 
txsi • to di vd(og, Sxqoov nagsfA<paiv6fiivot , aoupeoxi- 
gav iiotsl xrjv I'ficpaaiv. — *10. did %i Xovodfisvot xfj 
&aXdxxt], Odxxov Zygaivovxai, (lagvxsga ovarj x&v 
noxlfiwv; "H bxi naxvxiga xal ytwdrjg ^ &dXaxra; 
bXlyov ovv t'xovoa xb vygbv , tijgaivsxai &dxrov. 
— 11. (Cf. 2.) did xi xa xvftaxa avepwdr) / "l£ oxi 
oripua iaxl nvtvpaxog iaopivov ; "Ettxi ydg xb nvtv- 
fia avvtoaig aigog. *H did xb dtl ngoio&sio&su, 
yivexai; ngotod-sl ds ov ovsxig Tito ov xb nvsvfia, aX- 
Xd agxofiwov. To fiiv dr\ ngaxov , wgnsg ngospa- 
gdv-drj. y 'AXXo ds xovxo ngoitoos,xal aXXrjv nvxvoxri- 
xa Jjyaysv, if at dnsuaodv&w. "Jlaxs dqXov, oxav 
yOri xo ngoa>&ov(*evov nagy, oxi ijssi xa* to xtvovv 
dgxdfitvov ydg xovxo noin. ~- 12. Aid xi xb xu- 
(*<x ngosxnlnxH rov nvsvfiaxog ; "H on ovx Spa 
navnai xb nrtvpa xb nviov xa* rj &dXatxa Kvpai- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SEGT10 XXI11. PKOBL. 9- 10. 207 

vovoa, aM' voTfgov r\ diilatTOt , ivdixnai to xiv> t - 
oav nvevpa (p&agrivat, nqb tov ysveo&ai alo&iiiov. 
"jlaTe ov ngozegov to xvfia nvevpaTog, dXXd to fiev 
Xav&dvei,, to de ov. **K ov/* t« nvevpaTa agia 
navtaxov nvei, aU' o&tv y ao/r/ ttooicooj'; «#a de 
nvit, xal Trjv nXyoiov S-dXartav xwii ' avTtj de ttjv 
fXOftivijv xal ovTtog av ivdexoiTO ttootsoov to xv- 
ua ixnlmziv. € Tnb ydg Tt\g &aXdoorjg, xal ovx 
vnb tov nvBVfiaTog y xivrimg t\ &(xtt(ov tov degog, 
fi T^g &<*XaTT7jg. — 13. Jta t/ iv ti} daXaTTji naX- 
Xovveiv dvvavrai, 17 iv Tolg noTafioig; *H on 6 vimv 
ad imoTT}Qit6fitvog iv tw vdazi vii; iv de tw <fw- 
fiaiwfoaTfgq) pdXXov «rcooTi?o/£?0#a» dvvdpe&a. 
2(0{iaTfob*ioTSQOV de ioTt to &aXdz%iov vdwg tov no- 
„ lapiov. IlaxvTtgov ydg ioTi, xal fiaXXov dvTegei- 
detv dvvdpevov. — 14. ^*« t/ 7tot8 iv t/J &aXaTTjj 
nXda xgovov dtaTeXetv dvvavTai, y iv tw noTafiw; 
"lldioTi to iTOTapiov vdwg Xenzov iott; paXXov ovv 
nagtiadvopevov, nvlyei. — 15. dt& tI rj ftev /#a- 
AttTToe xainaiy to di vdiog, ov ; "ff xaisTat fieV xaxu- 
i>o, r\ de ^aAaTTa ^tto? ofiivvvot, to nvg , dim to 
Xntagmiga elvai; orjftHOV de oti Xmagbtziga' dno 
ydg twV dXSiV eXaiov acpaiositai. *II xal i\ttqv 
dvvavrai 61 nogoi agfJioTTtiv tw 7ivo«, dia to ttuxvts- 
qol that, xal fiaXXov ye dy, «t« xal tw aXwvJvv- 
ftaQX**™*; "JlortsQ ovv to fygbv tov yygov rjTTOv 
ofteoTixhv, xal to tygov fiaXXov xaTa Xoyov xaVOTi- 
xoV ion, xal ezegov eUgoy paXXov, Toi iyyvTegta 
tov degpov thai, to Sijqouqov de ry tfaXaTTy 
« W w to T«VT« fiaXXov indgx^' — 16 « (Cf- 26, 31.) 

Digitized by GoOgle 



206 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

Jia xl a no piv xr^g &aX(xooT}$ oix anonvei tw&tp 
yvXQOV, uno de xw noxapwv; *H oxi fj piv &otXux- 
xd ioxiv iv dvanenxcmevotg xonoig * oi de noiapol 
iv axsvotg; y pev ovv dnb xr)g &aXdxx7jg avga, tig 
noXvvxonov oxldvaxaij (ware elvai do&evrig^i) deanb 
x£>v noxapwf, a&goag (pigexai, xal paXXov taxvw 
di o paXXov eixoxtag opatvexai yvxgd. *H ov xovxo 
ioxiv alxiov, aAJt* oi pev noxapol ywxgoi now, ride 
ddXaxxa ovxe &egpr) ovxe yvxgd ; yivexai de r) avga 
xa* r) avanvor) , &egpaivopiv(tiv rj yvxopevatv xa>v 
vyg&v. 'Onoxegov ydg Sv xovxmv ndoxjj, Qaegov- 
xcu. 3 E^asgovpivov de xov xldaxog, 6 ar)g 6 yivo- 
ptvog yigexaf o ioxiv avga. To pev ovv dnb xiav 
yjvxgwv, \}i>vxgov\ eixoxag dnonvet • xb de dnb xwv 
oq>6dga &£gpwv anonveov, yjvx^xai xal yivexai ipv 
Xgov. Tovg (lev ovv noxapovg anavxag ipvxgovg 
evgoi xig av ' r) de &dXaxxa f ovxe ipvxgd, ovxe &eg- 
pr) &(podga iaxiv, Ovxe ovv xo anonveov ^vxgbv 
dn avxijg ioxi, diet xb py yjvxgdv tlvai* ovxe y i V 6 ~ 
1a* xaxv, did xb pr) &tgpr)v thai acpodga. — 17. 
Jia xi 4v xdig pti£ooJ> neXdytai (igadvxegov xaS-foxa- 
xai xvpaxot, rj iv xolg figaxiaiv; *II oxi ix xr)g noX- 
Xyg xivrjoewg (tgadvxegov xaSioxaxai nav, rj 4x Trjg 
oXiyrjg; iv de xoXg peydXoig neXdyeoiv, nXtlcov r) a/i- 
71 cot 1 g yivexai,?) ivxdig (Ugaxioiv. Ov&ev ovv aXoyov, 
xb \nXttov\ figadvxegov xa&ioxao&ai. — iS.Jiu ti xb 
aXpvgbv vd<ag,yjvxgbv per, ovnoxipov &fgpotiv6pe- 
vov di, fiaXXov yivexai noxtpov, xal &eg/ibv de ov xal 
ano^vxbfievav/ "ifdioxieigxb ivavxiov ctnbxov ivav- 
xiov niyvne fiexafiaXXuv, «m de xb noxtpov xy «A- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SEGT10 XXIII. PROBL. 16 — 22. 209 

livgw avtixtlfjievov xal &tgfiaivofievov fiev, dyiyttai 
to aXpvgov ' ipvxopivov de vcploxatai. — 19. Aw. 
xl xd ngbg if] &aXdxxy <*>? imxonoXv vdata , yXvxia 
[ydata,] dX£ ovx aXfivgd/^Hdidxb noxifidtega dir\- 
&ovfieva ytvto&ai; dirfoeltai de xb iyyvxtgov xr\g 
^aXdooijg fiaXXov, — 20. diet xl xb dXftvgbv vdwg 
ovx anog^vxov ioxiv ;*H dioxi to fiiv /Sag v, oxaoifiov 
to de aXfivgbv, /Sagv; Jib xal xd fregftd pova tojv 
aXfiVQ&p vdaxav dnoggvxd ioxiv. *Ex*i ydg xovyo- 
xr\xa iv avtdlg , i] xgaxii xr^g xatd tr\v aXpvglda fia- 
gvxrixog. To ydg -d-egfibv , xovqpoxtgov ioxiv. £ji 
xd pep dnogg'vxa dirj&iixai did t^g yyg ' dirftovpi- 
vmv de del pdXioxa vqpioxaxai to naxvxatov xal /?«- 
gvxaxov exxglvexai de to novqtovxal xa&agov. Eoxi 
ydg to fiev dXfivgbv, (ktgv • to deyXvxv xovepov. Jib- 
neg iotl yXvxia td dnoggvxa. To de avxb aXxibv 
ioti, xal did xl xb dXftvgbv vdag xivovfievov xal fie- 
tafidXXov , ykvxvxegov ylvttai* xovqpoxegov ydg xal 
da&eveoxegov did xyv xlvfjoiv ylvtxai. — 21. (cf. 
37.) did xl iv xfj Ai^vji idv OQV$rj xig nagd tijv <£«- 
Xattav, to itgtatov noxtfiov, ti&* aXftvgbv yivexai toj- 
XV • iv de tolg aXXotg tonoig, r\xtov noiu xovxo; IIo- 
tegov oTi to fiiv ngtoxov , [to] vndgxov vdatg iv tw 
tottw, xal xb nentfi^evov vnb xrjg yr\g ioxiv • ot«v de 
Xgovur&f), 7} S-dXaxxa ngoditi&ovnevri, did xbngooqpa- 
tov 9%vai , noui aXfivgtaxegov ; iv de xolg aXXoig ovx 
exei. n H[xo] noXv vdiog, did xb (ly trigalveo&aixbv 
T07tov.—— 22. did xl xovg aXag &dxxov Tqxet to dX- 
fiygbv vdmg, y to noxtfiov / '*H dioxi xo fiev ttjxeo&al 
ioxiv 9 to vnb tov vygov &egfiov ttatovtog diaigii- 
Aiust. Proel. O 

DigitizedjDy GoOgle 



210 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

o&ou, <3aT« v/qov thai/ [ou j^xh di rj tit oXwg fir, 
dvvapsvot aaieVcu,] */ t« oi'r»ff,-warc fit; &iyyaruy. 
MoXig ds tijxst tot gadiatg di&ovta* tit d* imoyra 
Pia&fiwu, tavta tctxtata diaigt%* ovx elodgx*™ 1 8s 
*« Xlav psyaXofiSQi} • vnsgixti yag tw rcoowi'. Ta 
d*« fAixgofitgiottga, dUgxttauoi yjavoptva., *£ozi di 
to f/«v noufioy, Xtmiv to di StXpvgbv, naxvtsgoy. 
"Jlori to (ih, fading dtit tyv Untoxrpa dvvov, fioXtg 
ti/xm • to to, tloiQXstau ftiv, %ttov di' xa* 5ii to j«- 
yaXofttgiotsgov shai, diaigu xa* fiii&ttu -d-artov. 

23. ^«« tl to vtfaio ^ttov optf<V€.TaU«vxov, la? **- 

yjJTai, olov xa* ?; 901x4; &<> xaY'Opygog , agxopivov 
940* tov nvsvftatog, 

fjLtkdvu di t$ norrog vii avtov. 
*H 8ii 8vo ttltiag ; iyyv&tp fib trjg oipmg ovoyg, 8t* 
to diiivai iyv oifnv ftaXXop ygsfiovvTog " xtvovftivav 
de, py si&vnogtiv • to di diayavig, Xsvxov (palvstai * 
(3* ovyao jm^ dtigxttai r\ oipig , fiiXav 9401V thai. 
4i o xa* o at/o nogQa&tv piXag (pabtxai • o di ly- 
y J$, Xevxo$. Ka\ &aXattyg to fih iyyvg , Xsvxo* • 
to 6* 7t6$$*>&$y, xvavovv xa* fiiXav •) nogg&rhsvdi, x«- 
vovfrivrig nmg tijg&ptiog, xa* z$ oWyaxAao#a*a#0oo*' 
TJjy oy/iv, la? i?08/uj5 **0OS to opwff • xivovfiivov dk, py 
dvvao&ai. — 24. (Cf. 1.) Aia tl iv tolg (ta&ioi we- 
Xaysoi to xvfta ovx imytXy , «U' iv tolg /uixootgy 
Hottgov ot* to fiixgov (ptgafisvov vdetg , diaigutm 
v7ro tov aigo? fiSXXov , *j to itoXv ; dio ^oavcror* tj«- 
?a^av jUoUAov. "fcV /uey ovv tyffob&u, noXv to xwovp*- 
vov 4v da t^J Pgotx&, hXlyov, — 25. ^t« it oi ngog 
yoroy tow^ aXvxmfgec tit vdata ixovoiv;*H, dux to 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXIII. PROBL. 22-29. 211 

TJjy ddXattav vno votov to&uo&ai vno t^v yijv, xe- 
gdvpvxai; — 26. Jut tLtwv vddtcov to aXfivgov in\ 
tw T'Avxn otvca inmoXd&i ftdXXov , % inl tw avaiy- 
gta ; Jlottgov ot* [idXXov %x ii VW • yXvxvg, awing q 
doTaq>ig;*H ct* fiagvrsgog xal yXiaxgottgog o yXvxvgt 
wff'd ? yiTOV fiiyrvtca • (iiytvptvog ds , kpioraxau 
-*- 27»\Jid ii oXag Iqptcrrara* yeadtgor; yyug oixtia 
cpogct xcxto). Ilottgov on pdXXov txu yy* b yXvxvg ; 
>% 1I did rijv -dsQpoTijta, xa&mnsg ol iXtg; opoiov ydg 
i$av&iitiaTi. *H oV w/U^v ahiav ; fj ov s did ydg 
tovto xal inl i$ yXvxii fiaXXov > ovx aXoyovs &tgfi6- 
tatog ydg. — 28. (cf. 2.) Jtd ii id xvpaiot ngotz- 
gov (potior eV/oTC x&v dvipw;™H diori xal ttXsvta 
voTtgov/io ydg ngmtov nvtvjitu waavil ngoikaX'fitiai 
tov wa&ivTOS xvparog* dcpixvUTou ds ovx avto TO 
TiQwioy wr&iy, dXX' dtl fj wai$.ylniai %ov ixofiipov. 
— 29. J id jlai xvpaioaSiuTBgai yeti, vtigfyxlyivov- 
tai noXXdxig oi'rw oqtodga, &anBg ydatptofiivai' xal 
7] fiiv xvfiaTtidijg yy\ , aisgtn ' y $i ano&tv , £a£j'0£ y 
"lldion y pixgd etpfiog ov ngggatS-tv ixfidXXvtai vno 
tov"xvfiatog , dXXd r t pti£tav pdXXov ; Sumg xal i/J 
X*igl pdXXnv nogfyn, ov t» IXdxtoxov fidXieia dwa- 
%ov. tymnet tioXXwv xvx&pivM, tit iXdxtoia fymU 
tit on a, nvxyot. *H &i tou xv/iarog, Xoy&noe xlrti- 
aig tdacpi&i; xwu 8e ovx eiu Aid pi* ovy to t« j**- 
xgotaia j*j} niggo* dvvao&ai nridijiv,ix /iixgwy o<jpo- 
dga ovvii&tnecr diet 8i to noXXdxtg xtviio&mt> ow*- 
%ig ytrtiai mmevotig Sppov, tag mv evvagpoog. diet 
dirb xvptttoiiXwfaUvi&a<plbT*h "«* T0 ^gifittvygov 
ovyxoXXa. € H (Je niggm> Ingi ft ovaa, iOawatiu, 

02 

Digitized by GoOgle 



.212 AKIST. PROBLRMATA. 

xal ix (itgovtov ioti Xb&idlav, xal avsddanatog, 

— 30. Aid ti trjg -d-aXdaaijg td avta t&viv t<JJ fid&ti 
dXpvgdtsga xal -dsgfiotsga * opoiojg de xal iv tolg 
tpgiaoi tdig notifLOig to imnoXtjg aXfivguxsgov tov 
tig fid-frog; Kaltot sdsi to xattotigo)' fia&vtsgov ydg 
to dXpvgov. *II dioti o r t Xiog xal o drjg dvdyti ail 
to iXaqpgotatov dno t&v vygwv; to ds noztfiwtepop 
all xovtpotsgov, fiaXXov de dndyei dno tuJv iyyvtigwv 
toTKOv, "flats xal tr t g &aXdoor}g, and tav inmoXyg 
xal t<3v notifuov, avdyxr\ to Xsmop&vov dXpvgtaisgov 
ilvai, aq> &>v dvr\xtai t ij dip 7 atv pri&ev, i\ IXattov to 
yXvxv. J id tovto ds xal &sg[t6tsga td ava). To yag 
dXpvgbv , Ssgfiotegov tov notlftov. Ai b xal <paol 
tivsg twf c HgaxXsitiC6vtfav , ix piv tov notlfAOv £i?- 
gaivopivov xal nyyvvpivov, Xl&ovg yivio&ai xal y? t r 
ix detfig'd-aXdoaijg, tov qXiov dvafrvftiuo&ai. — 31. 
Aid ti trjg &aXdoorig td ngbgty yjj yXvxvtsgd iativ ; 
tj dioti iv tji xtvijott fiaXXov ion; xivoiffisvov de to 
dXfivgbv , yXvxvxsgov yivnai, *!w on xal iv tw fid- 
&u dXpvgtotegov ioti to vdoug ; t« de ngbg t$ yy, 
t\ttov ioti fia&sa, Ai o xal tdyxifia&ij , aXfivga 
ioti, xal ovx bpoitog yXvxia. Tovxov d' altiov, oti 
fiagv bv to dXpvgbv, fyigstai paXXov tig fid-frog. 

— 32. (Cf. 23, 15.) Aid tit} -frdXatta povov twv Ida- 
tow xdstai' td denotipa xal notdfiia, ov; Jlottgov 
o« yrjv noXXyv !/« y dyXovoi ds ol aXsg, "ll dtoti Xi- 
nagd; drjXvZ ds to iv Tot* aXsoiv vytaxdfisvov e'Xaiov. 

— 33. Aid ti iv tdig Xipvaig appog ov ylvstai f 5 
yTtov tJ iv ty -fruXaxiy xal totg notafidlg ; "fl" oti iv 
*U &aXdrrtj nstgai ylvovtai, xal i\ y%\ ixxixuvtUi fid- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXIII. PROBL. 29-36. 213 
haw; h &* Sppog ioil nsrga tyrjypsvri elg pixgd xal 
iXdxiota poQiu. Vw*™* de , did tyv nXriyy twv 
xvpdtwv. °Ev de talg Xlfivaig ov ylvovtai hfioiwg 
mtgai xa&agal> ovds dgavovtai, bfioiwg, did to ^ 
yivso&ai xvpaia b(xolcog. 3 Ev ds tolg notafioig paA- 
Xov, oti trjv fiiv yr\v xata<pegovoi , tag ds nfogag iy 
nXtjyjj&gavovoiv. — 34. Jia ti, otav t\ Xlfivrj rj xo- 
ndori t\ $i}gd yivytai, dnoxdetai 6 dltog iv j$ nediw 
pdXXov; Jlotsgov on to vygbv to iv tjj Xlfivy dna- 
TfA%ov xfi dtfiidi &egpalvei tbv dega* wots iXattovg 
xal do&eveotegovg tovg ndyovg noul , *i iv tolg xol- 
Xoig xal ngoosXcodtoi tonoig/'ll ix tijg yrjg (womg Xs- 
ytiai) t« yji/xv ag/stai, xal Xav&dvei eigdvofisva^ 
£r t gag ovv ovoyg trjg Xlpvrjg , did nXdovog tonov tj 
tpvxQotr t g nXeiwv ngoonlntovaa, nriyvvoi xal anoxaei 
paXXov. *Ev ds talg toiavtaig ^oJoatff to yvxy xd- 
tm&tv ylvttai, waneg xal doxei. Kaltoi v\ yq fagfiy 
tov x^wvog' dXXd did to eyvygov shah xatiyvxtai 
to imnoXiig dsgfibv to iv tjj yy. ^ To ydg vygbv, 
ovds ovtw nog§w iotlv wots firj ipvxeo&at, did t*}v 
ivovaav &sg t u6trjta iv tolg vygoig, ovre ovtwg bXlyov 
wots (iri&sv loxvsiv, did to didfigoxov slvai trjv yr\v. 
Olov ovv did trjv yv£iv avtov ovpPalvsi inl xgvataX- 
Xov nsgmateiv xal olxtlv. — 35. did t/ n &dXatta 
aXfivgd xalmxgd iotiv ; n H bnivty&aXdttriitXsiovg 
oi z v h°i> * a * ¥*Q ro ttXpvgov xal to mxgov afia 
tpaivstai. — 36. ^t/t« iv ty daXdrtji ootgaxa 
xal Xi&oi otgoyyvXa ylvovtai; Iff oti bpolwg nsgi- 
&gav6fiwa td hoxata , Big to otgoyyvXov axw<* 
%W*t*i; tovtov ydg to eoxatov opoiov <n de ^a- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



214 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

Xatta, nifty uivovoa bpoiwg , negi&gavei. — 37, 
(cf. Jl.) Aid ti iviaxov , idv tig 6gv£p negl tr^y #«- 
Xattav , to fiiv ng&tov noupov forty vdatg , elxf ai- 
pvgvv yivetai; "lion aiirjg ion <ttjg ftaXuTtrg tijg 
diij&ovorig vnb tr^v yijv to vdag; Elxotiag ovv to 
ngwtov ion yXvxv * iXatpgotegov ydg ion to yXvxv 
tov dXpvgov • xcu r\ &dXatta fyst tl tov yXvxiog, o 
(HX&irtjj yfj, paXXov inmoXdfa. To b*i uXjivgov, 
dux to Bdgog, xal did totfifinxov eJvai, xdtto (pigetai. 
JEi'te ovv ovttag, tltt xaia tag yXiftag, ix tijg ynsigov 
gtt inl ti\v -frdXattav to yXvxv vdo*g, uxotoag ay irn- 
noXijg ttij tijg &aXdrtt]g, rj fiiyvvtai airy. Idvoi- 
X&sriwv de t&v nogmv , votegov did nXij&og to a\v- 
xbv xgatovy, toiovto nav tkhbI. 2vf*(ialj>ei ydg m- 
qpgaypivoiv twv nogtav iVto, aXXrp bdbv Sorely to inig- 
giov* dvoix&tytwv de, ivtav&a nuvcpigstai, xa&antg 
inl tuy tov otafiatog qpXs^v. — 38. (cf. 8.} Aid ti 
*; \)-dXatta ovoa flagviiga tov notifiovvdatog, fidX- 
Xoy iotivtvdionrog; Hotegov on Xinagwtiga; to di 
tXaiov imxv&iy , noiu ftdXlov tldlonxov, "Exovaa 
ds iv avtjj Xlnog, slxoicog paXXov tvdiontog iatiy. "H 
ovx anav to iXaqpgottgoy xal evdiontotegov ; alto 
yag to eXaiov iXaq>gotegoy tovjjdatog , evdionton- 
goy de ov. *!f/ ovx evdiontotegov iottv , dXXd qpuire* 
tai ; to ydg notipov idag , and tijg yijg, fj anb (fav- 
/iutaw iatiy • f\ Si nifyrj avvatpiijoi fittd tov vdatog 
x«i yijv. c Jlate to /i»} xu&agd elvai td gevpata, ovy- 
xrttdyn tjiyii xal iXvv. Avtrj ovv iouy i\ altla, tov 
irroy ilvai tvdiontov. — 39. Jtd ti oi veovteg iv tjJ 
VaXaxxT}, Xctnagol yivovrat; ov ydg otb novovoi' xal 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XX11I. PIU>BL. 37-41. 215 

v«o ol tooji&Vsvo. iazvQoy woya* n6rov, ra) oi 
L*«tto»t«i. "H 8« oi nSs ^o.oj ««»l«ra6», 
an' o m now* vimfimi n Si i'VI ^«l<»Tfl owtff 
Bh ml SUK **« fauTKUTigovf ntfv «« A«*«- 

Sovff. ©«?*»i « w *»* XO * J ? e " fl ?* 'F* 

jL,/ s — 40.^«i"'^«^« i/ i"'"J" OT ''' 0S0l ' t "*:' lAw " 
*«> rfmti ri J/i«r««; n^rn^"?" rivxv, /«" 
JjitiW'' «> «.^otor w W«» «»«* 
"H ou i<» mxooy «&w ov*** $vw«», bU 3 yA««cT», s 
JWIK^; Sii xni T« Jxjo™*.*,*" oa« pv*3n, 
towvia. "SlaTi xal ™» ™e»r> ootttovrov ,<««*«• 
>Ev di TV ty*V ™"V ovtfiPn*' ^vto -mau tqc n- 
vmSovs flimipt«c, to *•*» "' x ? "' **»«"*"• <Wr 
„«, M to lurafir ««» ylio XQ o*._ Tovry ?* ft* 
^^m, JTlv^ae i* noxlM«™ t s. — 41. A«« 

^t^ojov, /rfW/T St* ti *nw o^»'ov, ^1«- 

ro* iwxov • to « ^ dia^vo^ov (itlav ; n ixov Si 
Siawaifttai to xwovptvoy. 

SECTIO XXIV. 
'Oatt niol t« OfQ/w viam. , 

Jci t< to ^t^o- «*»» . '" A"«W«V*oj ; -«» 

««*», Wov^^ovev. ^wrrTJLS 



d by Google 



216 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

ov% agiorde mnavxay xal xgaTu, aXX otav ini/govi- 
0$. — 3. Aivlt'i to vdag &sQfiorsQov ivioTSTijg o?Xo- 
ybg yivopsvov , ov xaxaxdu \jidXXov~\ ta ^vXa , *; de 
q)X6$ xaTaxdei/^Hott r) pev <pXo$ , XeitrofAegeg , xal 
to an otvTrjg nvevpa* to de vdag, fteyaXopegeg* wotc 
ovx elgdveiai; fj de q>Xb£ xal to ano twv avdgaxmv, 
did XimotrjTixslaiov dialvsi. — A* /did riiopev vdwg 
to Siov ov trjHBi, r) de xoiXia Tr^xei; JJoTtgov oti to 
fih &sQ(tov to iv Tji xoiXia elgegx**ctt> t dia XemoT^Ta' 
to de vdwg, ovx uosgxttcti did naxvTfjTa; ydiortxal 
t« aXXcn xaXvst Trjxso&ai to vygov; ov&ev ydg iv 
vygia TrjxeTai' iv de tiJ xoiXia, to vyqov tig ti)v xv- 

UTIVV710VOOTOVV, OVXfB Xvtl. 5. (Cf. 8.) did Tl TWV 

uyyelwv o mid pip ov xdjBi , ivovTog tot vdatog xal 
iiovxog, dXXd xal (pegovot, tov nv&fievog ixdfie- 
voi' i$aige&evTog de, xdti; *H oti afievvviai to 
iyyivofisvov dsofiov iv t$ nv&fievi ino tov vdarog / 
6V o xal oi TtjXETai %d T^xra , dv fifj ipocpog ifineofj. 
— 6. diet xi ovx vneg^u tov xtipwvog opoiong xal 
tov &egovg to vdwg, ov povov ofxoiag &eg(iaiv6fjie- 
vov, dXXd xal paXXov xal ofiolojg &egpov ov, xal en 
p&lkov,' n U dtoTi *j vnig&oig ionv *; avaftoXr} tw* 
noficpoXvycov; to fiiv ovv vdwg avTo ^egpaiveTai to- 
T8 ov&ev tjttov 7j tov yvxovg* al de no/icpoXvyeg, al'- 
gead-ai ov dvvavxat ofioicog , did to tov negiexovta 
aiga tlvai ysvxgov * dXXd xal iXatTovg~TS t<5 peyed-ei 
ai'govTcti vno tov vjv%ovg &Xift6fj.evai, xaldiaxomov- 
Tog tov digog, t«/v dianlnTovoiv. "Jloxt iXaTTOvg 
tc tw oywa xal t$ nXy&ei yivovTai tov x^fxmog* tov 
ds dsQovg, to ivuvTiov. ' II de vnig'Qeatg yhttai, did 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXIV. PROBL. 2 — 9. 217 

to nX?i&OQ xal xb piye&og xov dq>gov. — 7. Ji>* ti 
to fiiv dtgfibv vdag gvxidot' to de nvg, dsgfxov ov, 
ov; n H oxi to fih nvq, noiti nvsvpa* coots o/xoT; tt«- 
gvtshsxai ydg to digpa. C H ds xdpipig, gvxig ioxiv. 
— 8. J id xi x<ov iyytlw ol nv&fiivsg&sgfiaivofiivov 
xovg vdaxog , mg av $ yrvxgbv to vdiog , &igttoxsgoi 
slow; *H dioxi yjvxgov piv [It*] oVtos xov vdaxog, ly- 
xaxaxXsiexai xb dsgfibv xal dvximguoxaxai ttoco, 
xwXvoptvov i^iivcci; oxav ds dta&sgpav^jj to ivov 
vdag , ovxixi dnooxsyovxog , allot dianvsovxog xal 
iXdxxovog yivopivov xov nvgbg , vjvxgbxsgog yivixai 
6 nv&[ii}v, ofiolwg wonsg xctl xd fiaXavela. Kal ydg 
xavxa xov x^^vog &sg(*6xsga t rj xov &igovg, dia 
to iyxaxaxXrfso&cu xb dsg+ibv iv xqj jjfsz^oim pdXlov, 
i] iv tw deget, vnb xov nsgisxovxog asgog ovxog ipv- 
Xgov. — 9. Aid xl xb piv vdcog £tW ovx ixna(pXa£u : 
to ds scvog xal r\ <paxrj ; xaixoi xovyoxsgov xo vdag 
tovxtov xit ds xovqta, gaov gifou nbggta. Hoist ds 
xal xb agyvgi&v xavxb , xal xovxo xa&aigopsvov ' di 
o ol iv xb) agyvgoxojxeiqt xaXXvvovxig ,. xsgdaivovoi. 
To yag diag^nxxovpsvov ovyxaXXvvovxsg , Xunfid- 
vovoi xd Xdyava.^H dioxmoitliisv xov ixnacpXaopbv 
to &sgnbv i$ax[jii£ov xal fiia£optvov xd dvxixgovovxa 
xy xaxd q>voiv avxov q>oga; To fiiv ovv vdag dia xov- 
(poxyxa xal Xsnxbxrixa ovx dno($id&xai* Sloxs ovx 
a&gol&xai noXv digfiov aXXdngivdXio&rivat, cp&a- 
vn diaxoipav xb del ngoosX&ov. Td ds sxovxa iv 
avxotg ola[ia , oloi' to Qocpypaxa , -§ * ugyvgog . dice 
(Sagos to oapaxosidsg sxovxa noXv, xal dvxan<o&ovv- 
xa did xb dnopid&o&ai /?/«, Ibovxog dnoaq>aigi&- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



218 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. s 

xai ji dv xgajqotj to &epfi6y ov ydg dlsioi did nv- 
xvbxrpa } dXXd xgttxtt, scjg dv vno xov imggiovxog 
&tQ(iOV (X7lOQ(Jl(p&jj. Fivuai di nXyyrj , ovx wig, 
did xb xaxv q>igso&aixb &tg[i6vxdx(»d-$v uva. — 10. 
Jid xi xd piv bXiyov xgbvov iv t<3 degfiw figsxofieya, 
dvoidu' xd dinoXvv, ijv^nimn xal ylvsxai (5voa ; 
"II dioxt xb &tgpbv ix [touJ nsnyyoiog, vygov noisi' 
ix di [xov\ vygov nvtvpa' xd di nvxvd , aoaiol ; to 
fiiv ovv ngwxov -d-egfiaivov xd nsnijyoxa , vygoxsga 
noiii* xal 0; vygwv nvevfiaxonoiovv , byxrjgd noin 
diaxiov oxav di pdXXov &igfjtaiyrj to nigil; , dgaibv 
noisi' £>ote dnonvtixai f\ axfiig* xal to vygov Itjocu- 
vopevov, ovfiTtinistv noiei xovg oyxovg. JZvfinmxov- 
xwv ds, gvoovxai Ta n£gi$ digpaxa ndyxoav. x JIi ds 
dy(OfidX(ag, xavxrj §vabv yivsxai, — 11. Aid xivno 
Taiy &Bgn<av vdunoy paXXov^ $ vno xav ipvygtov nr^- 
yvvvxaiXldoi; IIoTsgovbxi xfj xov vygov ixXsiysi yi- 
vsxai Xl&og; paXXov ds vno xov dsgpov yxov yvxgov 
ixXsinti to vygov. Kal anoXi&ovxaidt) did to &sg- 
(ioy xa&dntg xotl ^EfinsdoxXrjg' <jpija* xdg xs nixgag 
xal xovg Xl&ovg, xal xd degpa twj> iddxowylvw&ca. 
*H to &tgpbv dnoXi&ol • xal inb xov yjvxgov 
ds Xi&ovtai , dia to xv\v vnsgPoXriv xov nayov 
to vygov avaXioxovaav axXrigvvstv ; dr t Xov ovv 
ix xijg vmgfioXrig , xal xb ctnXcog. — 12. did 
xi iv t$ &eg/i(p vdaxi idv xbv no da ixjl W» 
ygsfiovvxog [isv, tJooov doxet slvai fagpov idv di 
xivfl&fi, &sgf*ir*egov ,- "H wwteg xal inl tow aafuxxog, 
day iv toI nvtvpaxi xgoxd'Cg xtg , del b ngoiaxdptvoq 
atjg yvxgoxtgog > tig ds xb nogfrixtgov slotwv, paX- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXIV. PKOBL. 9—17. 21D 

Xov alo&uvtTou. — 13. ^'« */ iv ™ yM<*> fiaXXov rj 
%jl ax*# xa -&t()(ia yvxttcu; IIoTtgov on to &tgpiv 
to tXaiTOv vnb tov nXdovbg <p&rfgsTai ; II on iv 
piv %fi oxia to yvxqbv 7tsotsatrjxog &Xi(ln to ivbv 
&tg(tbv } xal ova in £ns$iivou; wotisq xal toig #yj}- 
axovoi noiu to vjvxgbv 7tgogxt6fiivov iyxaiaxlfiti 
yaq to &SQiibv xctl xtaXvni^idvai* xal oXtag rov x* l ~ 
u&vog anaoi avp/iaivsi ta eoto&sv xko/ioreoa* ivds 
TMijXlco ovdsvbg avTi<pgctTTOVTog, (pignai, xal dat- 
tov dnoXti/TU. — 14. Aia tl to iv rm ijXltp #«o/i«t- 
vofitvov vdcog mors Xovta&ai, ovjc taw vytuvoTtgor; 
Iloxsqov on diet to yvxto&w xal «r* insl to ac^ia- 
Tioy cp glut iv Trots?; $ noiii piv xal tovto , aXXvt xav 
noXXaxig XovijtccI tig t vootgov ion; to /ucV yag &sq- 
fibv, oXtog nmnxov ion xal tygavuxov Todeipvxgbv, 
OTaXiixoy.'JloTe&fiqHOJtoiuTiaya&ov, Jibxaltb vdcog 
xahbyjvxgbvXovofiivoig, xalTo&egfjibvTo vno rov nv- 
qbg, XQ^ I 'V' 0V ' T0 os vnb tjXiov, diatr t v aa&ivtiuv Tr^g 
&iQli6TTiTog t ovdiTeQOPToviiov7toiu,aXXuvyQalvti(oo-- 
7ttQTOTijgatXf}vrig(pug. — \.5.diaTiToivTuriXi($&tQ- 
fiav&ivvdaq, ovx uyad-ov^H omayjvxopsvUQtyovv 
noisi; — 16. diet t/ t« iv Mayvr\ola xal t« iv'Aragvti 
-d-tofta, noTifta ionv ; t% H dioxi iftfiaXXti vdtog nXsov 
unoggioyxi tw &egn<a ' ov y fiiv aXpvgoTtjg , i<pavl£s- 
Tar r\ de ^tgfiOTrjg , dittftivti; — 17. dta tI iv Ma- 
yvr\ola tu &(gpa tov (iiv &tgfia thai inatiaaio, exA* 
fiVQOv defy to vdwq t * % H7tXslovinsxi^"n afiaipvxQOV 
inl Ttcs nqyag uXXotgiov, xal ivaniafoa* ti\v <&sgf*o- 
TijTa • ?; de yi\ 9 aXfiVga pev v\v , &igpr\ de ov , diet to 
nXn&og tov vdaiogTov ip(liXXovio*i "Oftotov ovv ovv- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



220 . ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 
ifa tat did xr\g xicpgag vdaxi i}&ov[iiv(p. Kal ydg 
xovxo did \Hg(iTjg rj&ovpwov, ixsivrjv ph xaxaipv^u, 
xal avxb xpvxqoy ylvtiai, aXpvgov xe xal mxgov did 
xr\v xiq>gav ioxlv. 3 £ml de xo ngooiov i)XXoxgiwfis~ 
vov ioxl, di aXXrpr air lav ixgdxrjoev rj -d-egpoxrig ivov- 
oa iv Tijf yjj xyg yvxgoxrpog xov vdatog di oXiyoxyxa, 
xal iyevtxo ndXiv &egfid. — 18. Aid xl xd oXa twv 
degptov vddxav , aX/ivgd;"lI dioxixd noXld did yyg 
dirj&eixcu oxv7ixr)Quadov$ , (dr}Xol de y oopi} aVTwy) 
xexavftivrig de; f} de xi(pga ndvxiav aXfivgd, xal&dov 
of**. Ai 6 xal ovyxalei ovxag won eg o xtgavvog. 
IloXXa ovv &iqh<x ioxiv ano imorjiidvotMgxegavywv* 
— 19. Aid xl xd &egpd Xovxgd, Uga/'H oxi ano xav 
Ugmdiwv ylvovxat, &elov xal xegavvov ; 
SECT 10 XXV. 
Oca TTigl tov utgu yvoixu ngoftXijfiuxet. 
Ata xl iv xolg aaxoig xolg ntcpvarmsvoig , ivano- 
Xaftpavopeva xd piXy novov nagixei; Hoxegov did 
xr\v nUijiv xoli digog ; wojisq ydg ovds xolg t?ft)#fv 
mi^ovai xov daxbv ivdidaoiv 6 dijg , aXtf difta&tl, 
ovxta xal xd evtog ivanoXa^avopeva &Xlflei o dijg. 
II dion filet xaxe'xsxai xal nenlXqiai ; e$a ovv ndvxtj 
ogjuwv xaxa (pvoiv , ngooaTiegeldsxai ngog xo ivxbg 
dnnXrififAivov oa>(ia. — 2. Aid xl [iv] xolg tXsot, xolg 
naga xovg noxapovg ylvovxai ol xaXovfisvoi fiovpv- 
xot • ovg fiv&oXoyovai xavgovg ltgov$ elvmxov &eov; 
eoxt de xo yivbptvov yjooiog ofioiog <pa>vjj xavgov mcrts 
at, fioeg ovxu diari&tvxat dxovovoai, wontg xavgov 
*i v ™t*to°v-*Hfct, oooi noxafAol Xipvatovoiv elg Ufj, 
n ooa ify Xifivdiovxai, % vnb &aXdxxrjg pvxixgovov- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXV. PROBL. 1 — 5. 221 

tai, »j to nvBvpa d<piduiv &&gowtBgov, iv tdtgtoiov- 
toig yivttai tovto; al'tiov di , oxi at xoiXiai Trig yyg 
yivovtai. Ovnog ovv xXv£6ftsvov to vdajg , dia to 
iviivai gevpa iv rrj toiavitj Xifivaaia, uTuaS-utoti tbv 
a eg a diet arevov tig svgvtigav xoiXiav • olov si' tig tig 
a ficpogia xivbv xat a to atbpiov noisi xpotpov , fivxr\~ 
{iuti Sfioiov yivttai. Kal yag r\ fivxrjaig did tovto 
yivttai to ox^IP-ol totg fiovoi. IloXXdg di xal dtonovg 
<j)Wv«S noiovot ta u^jfiara twv xoiXiuv , dvtafiaXa 
ovta • intl xal dfiq)ogi(og tbv nvvdaxa idv tig depekuv, 
did tov nv&fiivog tgifirj iXxwv toco xal sSw, u tgiyti 
did tov xatadrjfxato^, ipocpov ttoibI, mats q>tvyuv ta 
&7\oia, o'xav ol on(ogo(pvXaxsg x at aoxBvaotoaiv avto. 
— 3. Aid ti 6 di)g ovxvygbg, antousvog tov vda- 
tog; tuv yag aXXtov ovd-iv o, ti ovx vygbv , dv ayjrj- 
tai. * Hdibti to £0%atov ctvtwv dfxa, to di inimdov 
ixatigov ovx tttgov ; Ta fiiv ovv aXXa, fiagvtsgw o 
di ar)g , ov §inu xatwtigm tov ioxdtov. ^AntBtai 
fiiv [oi/vj oti ov&iv fjiBta^v* ov jSgixstai di, oti dtl 
avto-d-Bv tov vdatog. — 4. Aid ti ftiowv vvxt&v xal 
(iBormpgiag fidXiota tidia yivttai,- n H dioti Z] vyvt- 
(jiioi iotlv dtgog otdoig ; eotyxs di fidXiota, otav 
xgatjj i] xgat^tai' fiaxofitvog di, xivtitai. Kgattt 
fiiv ovv fidXiota fiiofov vvxtwv , xgatsltai di [isorni- 
(3giag. Toti fiiv yag o ijXiog noggwtdtta , toti di 
iyyvtdt(a yivstai. "fit* agx^tat ta nvevfiaia, % nsgl 
i(o , 7j TtBgl dvofidg. . JtrjyBi *i to ftiv ew&sv % otav 
xgatr\d^i • to di inb dvofzwv, otav navo^tai xgatwv. 
2vp(ialvBi ovv, ta piv, fiBarjfjtjiglas navto&ar ta di, 
fu'ow vvxtw. — 5. (cf. 15. et 8, IT.) diet ti vnoyw- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



222 A HIST. PH0BLEMA1A. 

oxovoyg eo>, xal ildtj ngm, fiaXXov ioxi xpvxog , fjxijg 
vvxtbg, iyyvxiga ovxog tov tjXiov r\fi(av; *H on ngbg 
ijfiigav dgooog xulna/vt] mm si; ret via di iaxi y/v- 
Xgd. "Jlorteg ovv Qav&ivtog xov navxbg xonov vyg$ 
y>vxg$ t yiyexai xaxdipv$tg, — 6. dice xliv tm novxea xal 
ipvxi fidXtoxa xal nviyn;"H didxr)v naxvxfjjaxov ai^ 
gog; xov fih [ydgjxeifi&vog, oidvvaxai dia&egfiafae- 
o&ai. Tov di&igovg, oxav &sg[iay&ii > xdsi,did x^v na~ 
Xvxr\xa'Hb*k avir) aixla,xal dioxixd tlwdt) TOUjuev^fi- 
fuvvog, yjvxQoi' xov ds S-igovg, &sgfid. "ff did xrp xo v 
rjXiov (pogdv; xov fisv yig jrsffuSyo?, 7tog$oi ylvsxar 
tov de&igovg, iyyvg* — 7. J id xl xijg vvxxbg al&gia' 
fiaXXov, tj fis&* r)fiigav ; *H xal xov nvBVfiaxog xal 
iqg xagaxyg 6 ijXiog al'uog > xavxa ydg xivi]amg ti- 
vog ytvofiivug, avfi($aivn yivso&ai. Al'xiov xoivw to 
&tgfiov. c Qiav ovv xov 10 fii] nagy, rigtfiu xb ndv, 
xal aigofiivov xov ffXiov fiaXXov , rj xovvavxlov 
xal to, 

Mr\Tiox an yitsigov — — 
(ct 26, 58.) xovx ioxiv oxi ov nXuaxt] xevrjoig, ixel 
ijxioxa avxi pivot, xal ovoiair}, fty b-fiaXov ovxog xal 
xgaxovvxog xov vvvioxafiivov. Tov fiev di] /e^ucwvo?, 
»/ &dXaooa xoiovxov tov de &igovg, vyy* — 8. Aid 
xi, oxav diaxv&jj xb vygbv tig daxovg , ov fiovov xo 
vygbv dixsxai b nl&og ptxd xuvdax&v, aXXa xal SlXo 
ngooXa/d/Savsi ; '!ff $xi 4v t$ iyg$ ivvndgxn o drjg / 
ovxog ovr oxav fir) iv x$ nt&u 4vjj> ov dvvaxai 4xxqI- 
vso&ui, dtd xo fiiyt&og xov nl&ov. *£x yetQ tov 
t**i£ovog, xaXsnaxegov ix&Xtyai axiovv [xafl vygbv 
xal nvsvfia, uontg xal ix x&v ojtoyywv. Oxav di 

Digitized by GOOgle 



SECTIO XXV. PROBL. 5 — 8. 223 

t uegl{i)Tai rig pixga, ix&Xl/HtTai ix tov itoxov pttvi 

tovivovTog. Jlotf 17 tov aigogxwga xbvtj yivttai, At o 

xal rovg aoxovg,xalfai aXXo vygov de/stou ni&og.Kal 

fnaXXov inl tov ol'vov tovto yivtTai, on nXtiav 6 ayg 

iv tw o*Vw. ivsaiLv , i] iv tm vdati. "Ofioiov de tov- 

tm xal to tavib ayyuov Tqv ts xoviav xal %b vd<ag 

Xwqsiv Spa, oaov exuTegov xwglg iyxeofuvov. "Eoixt 

yag noXXa rival to) didxsva Ttjg Tdygag, "Alt oiv 

Xs*totsqov to v§wg , diudvvei paXXov xal ovoouTiti 

rjdt] (Scree nvxvovo&af xal 81a to nag txaoTov t&v 

psg&v slvai Tr\v oa£iv ■ QiaXXov yag oaiTtxai xara 

(iiy.gov aaxxofitvov anav, -J a&goov} tovtov de yivo- 

pivov, vnoxaxa&aivuv ti\v xoviav Sfia 8s xal y tc- 

cpga rig at/i?)* dexnai to vygbv, dice to t^e*r xoiXlag. 

C II ds PaXXopivij Ttcpga rig to vdaig, ^tg^y ovocc , Te- 

fivsi avTO xal iSatgol. Kal ngoTtgov 3c vdaiog iy- 

XV&ivTog xal voxtgov xoviag ifjtmn%ovoi)g , to avib 

yivttai, c SIots xal tc v&cag h'xoi av xoiXiag xal tW- 

xsva ctvvo iv avxto. n II ov to vdojg to d^xofisvov tijv 

xoviav, aX£ tj xovia to ildcag; to yag XtnTOfiegioTt- 

gov dxbg that to siotov. v Eti xal ix Tyg ntigag drj- 

Xov. "Oxav yag inmaiT^Tat r\ T&yga, xa& ov civ to- 

7tov inmaTTriTai , rig tovtov ovggtl to aXXo vdug. 

E&u di %o ivavTiov, tl'nsg r\v to vdcog ds/ofitvov. "il 

ov avfipalvsi tovto , iav ngoTtgov iyxv&fl *6 vdoog, 

xal aopodga diafisoTaojj • aX£ iav otiovv impXrjxHj, 

V7isQXitiai • iav d* ana$ vnsgxvd-jj xal inntiaji y tc- 

q>$a > ydy av^palvu, *H yag rscpga yv dexopivij. 

TavTO di tovto xal on ol flod-vvoi tjJv ixfiXrfttiaav 

it avToly y^v ov di/anou. "Eoixs yag dy ang Tig 

Digitized by GoOgle 



224 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

itgoxaxaXanftavw tov totiov • xal dia tovto ht\ &#«- 
o&ai. — 9. (Cf. 11, 4^et 58.) dia W o«W naxvTe- 
90 ? wv tov qxaxog, OisgxtTai via KavOTsgswv; Hoioti 
to fiiv (p&g xctx si&ilav qpignai fiovov di o xal dia 
r&v agamv oi diogarj oipig , olovxiooygidog; inaX- 
Xuixouai yag oi nogov aXX* oix ivtji iaXto. O ds 
(ttjo ov xaXvstcu dice to fi?; si&vnoguv ov diig%BTai. 
— 10. dia ti M)Q tpvxgog (J,tv ylvixai, dia to a7iT«- 
o&cu tov vdaxog' divygog de ov, xqvoyodga Tig (fvan 
tig TovdoiQ woTt xvpaiveiv; otl di yvxgbg, drjXdl fis- 
&iOT(iiiwog. *Pvx u Y<*Q an ? ™ v ibf*™** 'Hou yv- 
XQog fisv TiecpvxBV etvai xal &tg^iog' ware [mafiaXXei 
rfj otyfi ov av Tivog anTrjTai* vygbg di oix hi, 5ia to 
xovcpoTegog elvai* xal oidi note ng to fia&og tov 
vdctjog igxnai 9 aXXa asl tov inmidov anTSTai xav 
fiia^Tai x«iw xal to vdtog en xaiwxiga (pigsTai* 
wots pijnoTS slg (tad-ob Uvai. — 11. dia ti i* 
t&v nofupoXvywv xal xaxw&tv aviwv , ov dugoi 
i&QXnai ; "H dioxi oix in if urn to vygbv, aXX 0X1- 
o&aivu to vd(og;To d' inrcfj nopyoXvyi, xal eXartov 
ioTiv ?} wots diegeiv. — 12. dia tv o> ayg oix ava- 
nifinXrjoi, to di vdcog; xal rig tov aiga yag psTaTt- 
&&Htvov, disgov. *H otl olont g oidi 6 Xl&og; ov yag 
nav ianv AvanXtjOTixov * aXXa to yXloxgov t) vygov. 
— 12. [dia ti oi aoxol (pvorj$svTsg imnoXd£ovoivf] 
"Hoti 6 arjg avw (psgnai; [0 yag aoxbg, otuv jui* 
xtvbg f h xaT(o (pigexai •] oTav ds (pvorj&jj, avvt inifur 
vu, dia to tovtov avacpigeiv. El de 6 arjg avaxov* 
<f>l£u xal xcuXvst xaT(o (psgta&ai, dia ti fiagvTegot yl- 
vovtai (pvotj&dvTsg; xal nmg, Sts ftev pagvtsgog kri&> 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXV. PROBL. 8 — 20. 225 

inifiivw xovcpoTegog de yivopevog , xataopegetai; 

— 14. Aict ti 6 ai\g ovx viva cpegetai,- ti yctQ tcc nvev- 
paia tovtov xivovpevov vnb rov &egfiov yiveTai, ni- 
q?vxe de to nvg ixvoa ysQtodvu, xal to nvevfia elg to 
Sva iftddi&v* d'neg to \te] xivovv fig to uvea &&i, xal 
to xivovfievov ovico neyvxe <pegeo&<xi' vvv de (paive- 

- tui Xo$i\v t^v qjogccv noiovpevog* — 15. (cf. 5.} Aict 
ti lb aq? zw ifsvxgoTegov, ?; to a<p eonegag ;*II otl to 
fiiv, iyyvTSQov fieawv vvxtwv • to de, fieor\u^giag ; 
son de t) fieofififtgiu &egfioTaTOV t diet to thai iyyv- 
toitov fjttov • al de n&aai, vvxitg, xfJVxgoTegai , dive to 
ivuvTiov. — 16. Aia ti al vvxTeg toov r t fiegwp ivTaig 
aXeaig nviyrjgoTegai ; n IJ diet t^v anvoiav ; olyugixq- 
oiai xal ngodgopoi, tag vvxTag i)ttov nveovatv. 

— 17- (cf. 22, 4.) Aict tL tcc iv Toig doxolg aor\nxa 
qpvorj&e'loi t xcd iv toig 7iegt,7uofiUTi£ofiivoig ; n II dioTi 
arjnetai fiev xivovpeva; dnavTU de t« TiXrjgrj , dxivrj- 
tw tavtot deTilrjgr]. — 18. Aia ti ti\g al&giug fiaX- 
kov yvxog ylvBTai , ?} enivsyeXcov ovtcov • id de dotga 
xal ovgavbg , S-egfiog ; H oti ov&ev anooTsyei iv tiJ 
at&gia tr,v atfxidu , dXXd dtax&Tai • iv de Toig inive- 
cpsXoig oMiooteyetai; xal ftogeiwv ye rj votmy diet to 
civto. O fiev yag votog, ayei to toiovtov 6 de, vjua- 
-d-elL, Kal onfii&iv de qjaivetat (togeioig fxdXXov rj 
votioig, xal xtipwvog r t &eqovg. "Hnaqa to dvofjtowv; 
7) oti &egfiov xpvxofievov ioTiv 7) aTfiig; — 19. Aia 
ri drjg 6 ikaTTcav , &eg[ioTegog tov nXeiovog; ai yag 
orevoxcogiai aXesivoTegai. '.H dioTi xiveltai paXXov 
6 noXvg' 7) de xlvrjoig novel tpvxgov; Grjftelov de tov- 
tov, oti xwovfjteva yjvxstai t« &eQii(x. — 20« Aict ti 

Akist. Pkobl. ' P 

Digitized by GoOgle 



226 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

vdmg (ikv xal yr\ orjmxat, arjgdixal nig ov onnexan 
*Hoxi -d-egpoxaxo* yivexav to ofinopevov anav nvgbg 
dkov&kv degfioxtgovj tj oxt yvx&rivai du ngotegov ; 
to ds nvg, del xhofiov • 6 de drjg, nvgognX^grjg. 2r\- 
ntxat de oi&ey &fgfiov, allot yjvx&iir yi) dexalvdwg 
[xal ayg], xal ftegpa xal ipvxgd ylvexai. — 21. 
diu xlxa imvecpeXa , aXeeivoxsga xcov ai&glcov; IZo- 
xegov dig oi agxaioi eXeyov , oxixa aoxga ijjy/ga ; r\ 
Xiav xovxo ye Sxotxov • dXXct dioxi dxfil'Cti; intori/jiav- 
xiov de, on ev vi}vsfiia rj dgooog xal ynaxvi) ylyexai, 
°Oxav pev ovv al&gia jj , dianvel, to d-egpov, v<p oil 
avdytxai to vygov wars ipvxgbg o dyg. Ai> o xal 
dgooi£ei dcpie t utvovx6 vygov dno xov &eg(iov. c Oxav 
de imvecptXov fj t anoaxeyexai. Av o ov yivexai dgo- 
oog oide na%vr} ovxtov imvtyiXav. Ileglovv xijv yfp 
ifiofiivov to &egpbv , noiet xr\v aXiav. — 22. Aid xi 
iv xolg vipt]Xo1g xoiv oixav o ayg dievginl&i > xal ud- 
Xioxa taig eldlaig ;*II dioxi b ui}g noXvxevog xlg eon 
xr\v ovyxgioiv. OxaV ovv cxQ$rjTcct el'oa guv , avy- 
Xagti o iv t$ olxrjftaxi dyg xal ovoxiXXexai. Tovxov 
de ovfininxovxog xuxgova, noXvxevaixegog yivtxai 6 
ttw&ev, xal /woa* tioXXtjv i'oxsi* Elg xavxr\v ovv %rp 
Xagav ninxet o ix xov olxr^avog dtjg, cSv nXfiaiov ' 
xal (pigexat elg ravxyv xqv jjftooav, did to xgipao&ah 
xal xijv iov xevov cpvaiv fi^\ dvvaodai avxiaxrigi£uv. 
Kaxa noXXa de aviov fiigrf tovxov avfx^aivovxog, 
titexai avxaj 6 nXtjoiov diet xr\v Ttgofaaiv elxa noXXol 
«|w qiegoptvov, 6 fiev eVoak toixog , noXvxevog yivt* 
t«*- 6 de t|«, nvxvoxegog* xal ndXiv ejwtfey uooxpi- 
gtxai. Kal ravxa aXXuoaovxat. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXVI. PROBL. 1 — 2. 227 
S E C T I O XXVI. 

Ooa mgi TOt/q ave'fiovq. 
m diet xi o Kaixiag fiovog x&v avifiw iy kavxov 
Syn xcc viq>i]; ["# oxi Upa o imvxtognvit/] *II on aq> 
vipfiXoxigtov xontov nvu; i'axi yag xv ngbg to, vyy- 
Xoxsgct xav ngbg eonigctv ar^itiov ds , to trig ngbg 
eonigeev ^aXaxxr^g fiiytS'og xal fid&og. Ilvstav ds 
*vo3&sv , slg iovv*vxlov ygafipyv noitl xfj q>ogu xa 
iiolXct ngbg xt\v yrjv txovoav. JIgoonlxxtov ds (ag 
bfgtjxai) xdtg ngbg sonigav xyg yyg xonoig , xcu av- 
axiXXtav -tec vicprj, dia xo xijg ygapfirjg oxvpet, xjj ixii- 
&sv uvaxXaou, in avxbv w&eI avxet. Hotel ds /io- 
yog xovxo xw Xom&v , tw xovg fiev , vyqXoxsgovg, 
tovg 6 ivavxlovg-zivcu xonovg • ngbg ovg ex tov xa- 
tq)&€Vj 7) in sv&slag, xyv yoguv ylvsa&ai avfifiabu, 
Tec xvgxct ngog xrjv yrp> ixovorjg • woxs uvuxXaaiv fit} 




jKinrj- 

Xiwtji , tw {irj slvai vygov • watt ov ovvwxig , tjxxov 
xaxaopoevrig ioxiv avxov noifav xovxo o notst. — 2. 
dia xi fiogiat psv y ixrjoioi yivovxar voxoi ds\ ov ; *H 
ylvovxcti ph xal voxoi, otXX* ov avvsx*ig * oxt nog$<o 
tjfitjv J? agxri xov vexov ioxlv, vnb ds xtp flogia ot- 
xovfisv ;*Hoxi, ol fi&v hrioitu /Sogiaixot'O'sax^xoxog rov 
ccsgog nviovof (&igovg yag nvsovoiv) ol di voxoi, 
ygog , o& ytxov iottjxs xa nsgl xbv aiga; Ilgbg ds 
toiHOig , o pep vbxog , vygog, Tw ds vygia , o aVw 
tonog aXXoxgiog ion. Jib xaxv diaXvsrat xn 1+ 
aixo? (JWiOTHiitva vyga. Kotl xa vyga , nXavrpixa 

P2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



228 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

tony. ~'jloie ov [isvtov iv xavxto xonca, ovpii£&i<jTq- 
01 tftti xx\v xov digog xivrjoiv. Kivovpivov ds pr) iv 
ittvxla, nvevpaxa aXXa avpfiaivsi yiveo&ai. "Ean 
ydg nvsvpa, dtgog xivrjoig. — 3. Aid xi voxog nvu 
fitxd n&xvrp ;"H dioxi ij fisv nd^vrj yivsxai niipsas 
yivoftsvyg* psxd dsxrjy nsxpiv xal xrjv dnoxd&agoiv, 
?; fiSxa/Soli] slg xovvavxiov yivsxai ; ivavxlov ds rw 
§oggd voxog iaxi. Aia xavib ds xal fisxd xi]v ^iova 
nvit voxog. "OXc&g ds 7j %itov xal i] #aAa£a xal xb 
vdwg, xal ndou f) xoiavxrj dnoxd&agoig, niyuag otj- 
lAtiov iaxi. *Aib xal psxd vsxbv xal xdg xoiavxag x ei ~ 
fuaulag, ninxsi xd nvsv/iaxa. — 4. Aid xi ai igonal 
Ttvtovaiv; *H did xb avib [£*'J o xal olsvgmoi giovoi; 
Htygi ydg xov guv, [xal~] i] &dXaxxa qpsgsxai xal b 
dr t g. Ei& oxav dviinior} xal firjxsxi dvvyxcu xd «jio- 
ysia ngoaysiv, did xb fit] loxvgav s/siv xijv dgxrjvx^g 
y.ivi'jotag xal q)ogdg, ndXiv dvxanodldatoi. — 5. Aid 
%l ul xgonal ix xijg -&aXdxxr}g elolv;"lIoxir) &dXaxxa 
nXyoiov ^H on ivavxiov iaxl xjj dnoysia ?; xgonaia; 
xal saxiv % xgonaca, olov dvaoxgotpi] anoysiag ' r\ ds 
anoysia, xb ix t/J s * yijg ngbg xijv ddXaxxav nvsvpa 
yivofisvov • t) ds xgonaia, ?} xovxov naXiggoia. "floxs 
dvdyxr t ix #cdatz*;£ slvai. *H i] &dXaxxd iaxi , did 
to elg xi)v ftuXaxxitv d&goio&r?vai xov gvivxa dega; 
xov de fti) slg xr\v yr^v xovxo ovviaxao&ai , xal xov 
avaxu^inxuv dmbv, ai'xiov, oxi f\ &dXaxxa iv xoiXta 
iaxiv • 6 ds dr t g f wonsg to vdcog, git del slg xb xodo- 
xaxov. — f>. Ata xi oi ixvscplai vdaxog ytvo/tdvov 
&*txoi> navovxai ,■ *JI oxi ai xoiXiat ovjininxovoi 
T0V vi( povg , vdaxog yevopivov • iv alg >; ugxn xov 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXVI. PROBL. 2 — 0. 229 

nvsvfiaxog ovviaxaxai; — 7. Aiu xl ov% ol avio* 
uvsfiot, navxaxov venoi elaiv; *H on ov% ol avTol 
navxaxov ngbg ogij avxinvsovoiv , aXX' hsgoi xnvxcn 
ngog sxsga ogrj; olov yag ngbg avavxr} poXig gtovx(dv> 
ivxav&a vcpioxaxcu fiaXXov xa viyr\, ov advvaxtl tit 
ngoa&stv avxa arsftog. e T<fioxa^$va ds xal me'go- 
fisvoc, gi'iyvvxai. — 8. dice xl at fisv xa&agal dvosig 
ivdmvbv orjfiiiov ai ds xnagay^isvai, xtifisgiyov;"M 
oxi ^etfieav yivsxai, avvLaxafisvov xalnvxvovfiivov xov 
asgog ; oxav ftsv ovv xgaxji b yXiog , diaxglvsi xal 
al&gia&i avxov oxav ds xgaxqxat , imvsq>ri noitt. 
*£av fisv ovv io/vgee /) y ovoxototg, sv&vg ^{.ligag yi- 
V8xat^5ifi&)> • iav ds ao&svsoxsga , fit] nctvxcmctoi ds 
xgaxovftivrj, xb avvioxdfisvov iSa&slxai ngbg xag dv- 
osig' ivxav&a ds psvu , did xb naxvxaxov sivai xov 
mglxijv yrjv diga xov ^ft/uwyo?. Taxv ds ovviaxa- 
xai xal b aXXog , diet xg Itffiw dgxn v xal sgfiGfux, o 
tii&xoii xal a&goioEi xb ngooibv [xa&dnsg bg&gog.] 
"Jlansg yag iv xgony, hog dvxioxdvxog, xal ot aXXoi 
psvovGiv ' ovxa xal inl xov asgog, Ai o xaxv_ xat, 
iSatcpvyg ivioxs yivsxai xal imvscpsXa. Oxav ovv at 
dvoeig xexagayfisvai wot , gtj^elov ioxiv lo%vgov , oxc 
ov xtxgdxr\xsv o tfXiog xyg ovGxdoswg, noXvv XQ^vov 
ivavxiovftsvog avxij. "JIoxb slxoxtog iaxl GV0xr\vui 
nXsov. Kal r\xxov ds iaxi cpofogbv , oxav ngoxMpa- 
aavxog, rj oxav IS svdiag xovxo avfiprj. £xeiv(og fisv 
yag, eoixev aomg vnoXstUfid xi thai. Ovxto ds, 
dgxy ovoxaostog. — 9. (cf. 14.) Aidxi Xiysxai , 

Ov noxt vvxxsgivbg (logiag xgixov 'ixsxo <piyyog ; 
"Hdioxt aa&svn id nvsvpaxa xa anoxrig dgxxov,oxav fi 

Digitized by GoOgle 



230 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

vvxxsgivd; ot\(xuov yocg, oxi ov noXvg 6 xtvri&slg ar)g, 
to ir\vixavxa nvivoai , bxs bXiyrj ^sgfioxrjg VTxrjgxsv* 
ij ds bXiyr) , bXiyov ixlvsi diga. TsXsvxa ds iv igiol 
ndvxa, xal xd JXaxwxa p ijl ngwttj xgiddr wW? xal 
tovxo ib itvBVjia. — 10. (Cf. 15. J dtd xi b fiogiag 
nvxvbxsgov nvsi rj b voxog /H oxi b fisv (togiag yux- 
viwvxjj olxovpsvy, ov Xav&dvsi bXiyoxgoviog wv; (ajta 
yig nvsl xal ndgsoxiv) o ds voxog , ovx dyixvuxai, 
dux to noggoi&sv nvtiv. — 11. did xi b voxog tjttov 
fisxd x^ifiegivag vvxxag nvsl , rj [istf fjpsgag ; V H oxi 
xal trig vvxxbg b yXtog iyyvg iaxi Ty ngcg voxov /w- 
gtx, xal aXiiivoxtgai aivvxxsg ixsl, rj ngbg dgxxov al 
Vliigai; woxs noXvg xivuxai 6 drjg, xal ovdev ijttwv 
i] fiexf fipigav dx£ al &eguoxegai r)fiigai xaXvovoi 
fiaXXov nvsiv , tygalvovaai tag vygoxtjxag.^ — 12. 
(Cf. 34.) Aid xitnlKvvl b voxog nvu t xal xovxo vomg 
it, dXXo yivsxai xtxayfjiivag/'H dioxi degpa id xdxu, 
iov r)Xiov ov nogga ovxog • ware noXXr) rj axfilg yi- 
vsxai; xal noXXol ds envsov , st fir) did xovg ixrjoiag. 
Nvv ds ovxoi xwXvovoiv. ^H oxi inl ndoi fisv ar r 
fiaivsi i6tg aoxgoig dvofiivoig rj inixsXXovuiv , ovx 
fixtoxa ds&xliovxw; dqXov ovv oxi nvsvpaxa f/ocXi- 
oxainl iovxo) , xal fiex* avxov. *E,ml ds nviysi, xal 
nvsvpaxa slxoxwg in a vim xa -&sg[i6xaxa xivsixat' 
b ds voxog, &egp6g ioxiv. 3 Ensl ds sl'&iaxai pdXiaxa 
4x xtav ivavxitov eig xa ivavxia psxa(tdXXsiv, ngo xvvog 
dt ol ngodgofioi nviovoiv b'vxtg flogiai, slxcxwg psxa 
xvva voxog nvsl. *E7tsidi) iniotjfiaivsi (isv, imxsX- 
Xovoi ds tdlg aoxgoig • to ds imarjfjiaivsiv soxl, psxa- 
floXqv xov dsgog noitiv • fisxa^dXXBids ndvxa tig lovg 



d by Google 



SECTIO XXVI. PROBL. 10-15. 231 

itavtiovg % rovg inl dt$id dviuovg xd nvtvpaxa. 
'Extl de fiogiag tlg'xovg imdillovg fiexafidXXei, tit} dv 
avt-o Xombv slg voxov pexa^aXXeiv. "Matt, de xal r t 
fiexdtdg ^ci/Uf^tya? xgondg nevxexaidexdxrj voxiog, 
did xoxdg pev xgondg dgx*l v * lv * slvai,xiveiv de xbv 
xax avxr^v fidXiaxa dega xbv rjiiov, eivai de iv xavxaig 
rctig xgonalg ngbg voxov* Ka&dneg ovv xal xd inb 
dvaxoXrjg \tivarv , dnriXi(axag dvifiovg ijysiQW ovxoa 
xal xd ditb fieorjfjijSgiag xivcov , voxovg iyeiqei, Ovx 
ev&v de anb xgonwv noitt xovxo, diet to (tgaxvxdxag 
ixoitio&cu xag ftexaoxdaeig xoxe * aXX iv xy nevxe- 
xaidexdxrj, dice xb xbv -ygovov xoviov ovfifjexgwgexsiv 
xrj xaxd xi\v pexdoxaaiv ngmji yavxaoin. "OXov 
ydg ioxipsgog cvorjuoxaxov b tigtjfievog xgovog. — 13. 
/lid xl inVfLgiwvi yivovxai aloXoi pdXioxa ai ypigai, 
xal dxaigiai xatv nvevfidxav ; *!ffo« iv [lexa/SoXfi del 
ndvxa dogiaxei fidXiaxa; 6 d* 'Slgiwv dvaiiXXti pkv 
iv oigxil onagag, dvvei ds #8^ucwyo£. "Jlaxe did to 
prima xa&eoxdvai fxiay agav, dXXd xr\v fxev ylveo&ai, 
rr\v de navso&ai, dia xaxixa avayxr\ xal xa nvsvpata 
uxfxxdaxaxa eivai did xb inanyoxtgl&iv xa i$ kxaxe- 
Qag. Kal yoiXenbg de Xiyexai xal dvvtov xa} dvaxeX- 
Xav o Slglwv, did xrjv aogiaxiav xyg wgag, *Avdyxr\ 
ydg xagaxwdrj elvai xal dvwfiaXov. — 14. (cf. 9.) 
did xl 6 vvxxegivbg ftogsag, xgixatog Xriysi; Iloxegov 
oil anb fiixgug xal do&svovg dgxyg > V xgitrj de xgi- 
oipog, "ll oxi d&goog'fj exxvoig t aaneg xav ixvecpimv; 
taxela ovv r\ navXa. — 15. (cf. 10.) did xl pogeai 
nXetuxoi nveovoi xwv dvs/nwv / *H did xo ngog xovx<a 
xr\v olxovfiivrjv t$ xotko vnoxelo&ai bvxi vipr^Xfa, xal 

pigitized by GoOgle 



232 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

s'lfw TQonwp, xal nhiQU xigvoq y r\ oidinots I'viu oV/ 
Xflitstai; to noXv oiv, vygaivo^iivoav tiav ninriyotaVi 
noXXaxig nvsvjta ylvttai. Tovto di ioti ftogia,, to 
ix ttov anb tijg agxtov toncov nrtvpa. — 16 dia 
il oi votoi nviovai ph [zov\ ^f/^uwvos xal eafog ag- 
XOftivov, xal tisTOTiojQov Xyyovxog* dot di [<«^J xt- 
ftUTondug xal avvEOTgaf.i^.ivoi ) xa\xolg ivAiftui] buolag 
ipvxgol, tug oi fiogiai ivtav-da; *FI dibxi nX^aiov tov 
rjXiov bvxog , avdyxv xivuo&ai xa tivsvuutu ; o di 
7)Aiog , tov /bifitovog ngog votov cpsgsxai, xat, tov jaev 
Ectoog- ctQXOfievov, tov difAtxontogov xeXsvxtavtog, rjdi] 
•d-tQuaivei* to di digog, ngbg fiogiav qiystcu, ixsivovg 
di anoXdnsi xovg xonovg' xftgftbg di tori, dta to fii- 
yvvo&ai to nvsvpa tw xath. Ai(ivi}v aigt, &sgfi(} ovxr 
xal dia tovxo fityaXoxv^tov votiQuv noiii to &igot, 
ifinintcov dg tijp -daXattar. — 17* Aia tlbvoxo; 
dvotodqg ,- 'Hoxi vygct xal -degree noiu ta owfiaxo, 
tavxa 6i ai'inztai [.luXiota; — 18. Aia xl oi ix xfy 
-fraXaxxyg voxoi , ayadol yvxoTg; ex daXattrjg yaq 
avtotg ngooTiiTiTtt,, Kal xrjg'Axxixijg tw Ogiaah 
nsdi(p al'xiov , dioxi aneipvy^iivog acpixvzixai. Ai d' 
igvoifiai yivovxai vnb vygoxyxog, degnqg fiiv, aXXo- 
rgiag di. — 19. Aia ti avepog ybttai ngb twv &- 
XtHpewv tog tee noXXa • axgovvxov piv, ngb ttav fitoo- 
vvxxltov ixXdipetov fieoovvxxiov di, ngb twv SoW,-"// 
diott afjiavgovxai to &fgfibv to anb trig otXrjvvg, dia 
to nXyolov ydt] (pogar dvai, iv to yevofiivco , sotai n 
txXuyjig,- avitfiirov ovv « xatti/txo b ai)g, xalygifW, 
naXiv xtvHtai, xal ylvetai nvsvfia tijg b\j,ialtSQO* 
ixXtfystog oytahsgov. — 20. Aia ti b votog ovx 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXVI. PROBL. 15 — 24. 233 

dgxo^evog, <*XXd Xrjywv, iixiog; Iloxegov ott tto^w- 
#sy ovvdyti xbv diga ; yivtxai 6s ovviaxdvxog to 
vdwg , ovvioxaxai devaxegov % ag%exai. *H vxi dg- 
%outvov -&sg{i6g iaiiv 6 dyg bxi , dia xo ix xov xoiov- 
xov iX^Xvdivat; imxgon&tievog de yvx&elg , ovvi- 
oxaxai naUoy ug vdwg. — 21. Aid ti o votog, oxav 
lih iXdxioov Jj, al'dgiog ioxiv oxav de fiiyag, ve(fwdr t g 
xal xgovimfgog ,- Iloxsgov , Sanig xiveg Xiyovai , dia 
%r\v i*gxr,v ; iav [lev ydg an iXdxxovog , aV&giog* iav 
d& dnb nXtiovog og^^ay, veq)eXwdrjg. *H oxt, iXdxxcov 
<xgx6{iev6g iaxiv * ware ov noXvv aiga to&tl; inl xiXu 
de, ei'wde ylno&ai peyag. Al o xal nagoipidtovxai, 

'Agzoixivov ye voxov, xa) Xrjyovxog (iogeao. 
(Cf. 42.) — 22. Aid xi ngoi'exaixov x u P<*vog dnb 
trig Iw xd nvtvpaxa* xov dsgovg de, [xai] aq> ione- 
gag; "Hoxi oxav \ir^iii xgaxy 6 ?\Xiog , dq>iipevog o 
a Tjg gel; dvvmv xe ovv ixXslnei viqtr), ay d>v ol &cpv- 
qoi* xal ooov dv inaydyt} ixeivoig xoig iv t« xaxot 
r^iiacpaiglca olxovaiv , kat&ivbv nvevpa ylvsxai. T«- 
vavxlu de, oxav dvvji iv iw xdx&) ftegei, ixeivoig re Je- 
opvgovg noii\aei, xal ivxav&a ktodivov nvevpa, dnb 
xov knofjiivov degog avxto. Aia xovxo xav xaxaXafirj 
liXXov ave/iov, jke/£cw yivexav algofiivov , bxi ngoae- 
&7}xs. — 23. Aid xi ol xiveg xd i'xvrj yxioxa etgl- 
oxovai &(pvgov nviovxog; *II dioxi pdXioxa ovyxet, 
did*xb ovvexioxaxog tlvai xwv dvefuov , xal fiaXiaxa 
vftb xr\v yrjv nvtiv; — 24. Aid xi, oxav doxigw dtdx- 
jojoiv, dve/iov arnxelov; "ff oxi vnb iov itvevpaxog 
(pigovxai, xal ngoxegov ixzi yivexav nvev/ia,^ nag* 
niuvsifo xal, dq> 3 ov av xonov (pigcavxai ol daxigeg, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



234 ARIST. PRGBLEMATA. 

iv xovxta xal to nvsvpa ylvexai. — 25. dia xl [tsyU 
axag vupiXag xuv avifiav 6 £eq>vgog ayu; *H dibxi 
in mXdyovcirveij xalxaxa xrjv &dXaxxav;*Ex noXXov 
ovv xal ovvayn. — 26- dia xl ol inl xeXei> avepoi 
fiiyiOTOt ; "Hon, btav adgboi ixnvwoaaiv , oXlyov 
xb &SQ(i6v ; — 27. dia xl, iav negl lorifiegiav Xlyt 
itvtvot], vdag ylvsxai;"£Toxi xa& bv [«y //J b rJXiog 
xonovxov xoapov , xa ivxev&ev nvevfiaxa xivii ; d* 
o xal r\ %Siv nvevpaxtov negloxaoig xaxa ttjv xov 
TfXiov qpogav ylvtxai. 'Iits* d* y lorjpggla ps&ogiov 
loTtjfe/jUGwo? xal degovg, bxav ovftftrj xbv r\Xiovxaxa 
ii]V 7)[iir (paivopivrjv iotjfisglav vnegftefiyxevai, ij ix- 
Xtinnv xov axgifioyg bgov , xal elvai fiaXXov iv tolg 
ZtifitQiotg, ovppalvti xovg ix xovxov xov pegovg ave- 
fjtovg nveiv , cuv iaxi ngaxog Xly , wv vyoog qpvoti. 
v Qvxog de xov yXiov fiaXXov iv tw xtifASQiw pegu xov 
xoofiov, xal xivovvxog xa iv avxoi nvivpaxa, xa /««- 
uwvog egya ovfipalvu ylveo&ai. Tovxatv di ioxiv 6 
ofiftgog. "Exi de ineidtj */ iorjpsgla ioxl xa&ansQ %ti- 
ftwv xal &tgog looxQaxrjg • iav [oi/y] bnoxegaovv av- 
t<5*> ngooxs&jj xi 9 tvorjftov xi}V goirijv noiei , xa&aneg 
inl xwv loa&vxtov £vy^v. 3 Eml de b Xly/ , t*.** xijg 
Xuptgiov rahoog iaxv , xal vygbg qpvoei, ngooxe&elg 
iv tiJ larjfiegla , gonijv ysifiwvog inolrjoe xal Oftfigop. 
'0 yag ofi^gog , xsipwv ioxiv vlxstoxaxog t<£ [nvev* 
oavxi] nvtvfiaxi. — 28. diet xl b voxog xal b evgog, 
&tgfi6xegoi bpxeg xwv ivavxiwv, b fiev , xov fiogeov, 
o de, xov £sq>vgov , vdaxwdioxtgoi slot; xaitoi dia 
yvxgoxqxa vdo)g i$ aegog ylvexai. Ov yctg dia xb 
<*7ho& sly ibv fiogiav, ivxev&ev yivixaixaviyrf b yag 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXVI. PROBL. 24 — 31. 235 

£iq>vgog, xal o svgog, anayovoiv afiqxo • (bfioUof yctg 
nXayioi) xal oi aXXoi de navxej;, b&ev nveovoi. Ild" 
xsgov bxi dvxineguaxaxat xb ipvxgbv flow fiaXXov, 
bxav fi clo) xb &egpbv fidXXov;^Heaxi fiev xi, xal did 
xb o&ev nveovotv, al&giovg tlvai; xal ydg evgog, 
an ijovg ioxtv • rjds de *) p'^a , ngbg konegav xelxat, 
xal £iq>VQog. AXXd xal dioxi ngoxegov -&tgpatvofie- 
vog b ayg, woneg xal xd vdaxa, xaxiaxa xal fidXtoxa 
vjvxexai, <frigexai ovv 6 ftev anb xov evgov an ava- 
tpXr\g <*i\g, -fregfjog* o de, ano voxov, xov anb fitor){i- 
pgiag. "Oxav ovv tX-&waiv tig rov yjvxgoxegov xonov, 
raxu n^yvvxat , xal avvloxavxai ug vdtog, [xal /*«*- 
Xov o evgog noitl idoag ,] on anb xov yXlov paXXov 
ipigu xov dega, xal bfioiwg &egixov. e O de voxog, Xt]- 
yoav, vdaxwdrjg, bxi tyvxgbg b ngwxog ytgopsvog ai]g 
ano xrjg &aXdxxrjg • b de xeXevxalog , did&egpog wV, 
ano xr\g yyg xofii^ei. *FJ ov ^ibvov xovx ai'xiov, aXX 
Sxt xal fisi£(»v Xrjytav b voxog yivexai ; dib xal r] na- 
gotfitoc elg aixbvy 

'Agxopivov ye voxov (cf. 21.) 
oi de (tsi£ovg f ipvxgoxegoi. c Jloxe nyyvvei ioxegov 
xi viq>Tj» "H di& xovxo vdaxwdeaxegog tj agxopevog ; 
— 29. dia xi oi Svefxoi ^rjgaivovoi, yjvxgol ovxtg; H 
dioxi uxn'i&iv noiovoiv oi yjvxgdxegoi; — 30. Jiaxl 
de fiaXXov rj 6 i\Xiog ; M H dioxi dndyovoi xijv axfilda* 
o de yXiog, xaxaXelnei ; iygafaei fiiv ovv fiaXXov, |i?- 
gaivsi de rjxxov. — 31. (cf. 1.) ^« xi b Kaixlag po- 
vog x&y avifxonv iq? lavxbv ayeixa vicpt} ; woneg xat, 
^ nagotjiia Xiyw 

~Elxw (cp avxbv aoneg Kaixlag vicpog. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



236 AH1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

Ol ydg uXXoi, o&tv fiv nviaoiv, ivTavda uvnariXXovai, 
JIoTtgor altiov , on ocfta b ivavTtog nvu; ' H ovx av 
iXdv&avev , dXXa niyvxe to nvfVfia xvxXov ygafipyv 
yigeo&ai; Ol fiiv ovv allot, ntgl ti\v yi]v nviovor 
tovto ds to xoXXov rtjg ygnnnriq ngog top ovgavbv, 
xal ovx inl ti\v yii\v £otiv. "SLgts inl Tt;v dgxr\v nv£<av > 
4(f> 3 kavtbv Tot req>rj ayet. — 32. Aid t/ anb fib tijg 
&aXaTTt]g ovx dnonvsi kco&sv ipvxgbv^ anb dsnavno- 
Totfiwv; "//or* r\ {lev daXattd ioiiv £v dvantnt a jus- 
voig Tonoig* ol ds noTotfiol , iv otsvolg; ?/ ovv anb 
x^9^aXaTT^$ align, slgnoXvv Tonovoxidtaxai' (wait 
slvai do&evrjg) y ds anb twv noTafitov, d&gowg vege- 
tal, xal fxdXXov lox&u' dib fiaXXov tixoTtas qpcu'ytxat 
ipvxQfi* ' H ov tovt iotlv altiov ; al£ oifiiv noTa- 
fiol , xpvxgol tiaiv ?; $& -&dXaTTa , ovte &fgfirj , ovn 
ipvxgd; yivsxaids rj avga xal dnonvoi] degfiaivofti- 
vwv rj ipvxofiivtav. OnoTsgov ydg av tovmov ndoxf]> 
i$asgovTai. *E$aegov[iivov ds tov vdaTog, o dijg yi- 
vbfievog cpsQEicu • 6 iotiv avga. To fisv ovv ano 
twv ipvxgwv , xpvxgbv slxoToag anonvu* td ds ano 
twv ocpodga &sgftwv anonvsovta, ipvx* Taif > * a « ylvs- 
zai yvxgd. Tovg piv ovv noTapovg ipv/govg clnav- 
tag evgot Tig av • rj ds -d-dXatTa, ovds ipvxgd ovds 
&tgfii] ocpodgd iotiv. Ovte ovv to anonvsov yjvxgov 
dii avTr\g ion, did to pi) yjvxgbv eivai ocpodgu • ov- 
te ifJVXETai Tttxv t did to fii] degfiyv slvai oq>6daa. 
— 33. (cf. 57.) Aid t/ 6 ££q>vgog evdiuvbg xal fjdi- 
otoq doxel ttvai twv avdfiav , xal olov "Ofiygog iv to 
HXvoito mdia*, 

AX}, ahl ieqpvgoio dianvdovaiv a^rat/ 

• Digitized by GoOgle 



SECT10 XXVI. PROBL. 31 — 35. 237 

*H JIQVJJOV /U6>, OXl %X U T h v T °V dsQOg XgdoiV / OVtt 

yag -&sQfi6g , cjonsg ol ano ftsoijfipglag xul m • ovxs 
ipv/gbg, wontg ol dnb xyg dgxxov [uX£ iv (ns&ogia) 
inl xtav xpvxgwv xal &tg[Awv nvsvfidxoov • ystxviwv ds 
aficpolv, xijg dvvd^stog avxwv xoivtovn* dib xalsvxga- 
iog ion,] xal nvu Magog ftaXioxa. "Exi to. nvsvfiaxa 
nsgil'oxaxai , i] tig xdvavxia , rj fig xd de&d, Msxd 
ovv xbv fiogiav nvicov (inl de£id yag 6 xonog\ tvdo- 
xtfiu , toonsg nagd %aXsnbv ngdog. Kal dfia oxav 
dnoxsifidor}, svdla si'a&s ylvso&ai (og imxonoXv. r O 
ds fiogiag %siui>()i6g [ioxiv] avspog. [Kal o dnr)Xio~ 
xr t g ds, iv to> y.iau> wv xwv xtegfuov xal xwv yjvxgtov 
nvevftdxwv , ijxxov avxoig xoivcovsi. AnrjXicoxrjg fikv 
yag nvscov, xd ngbg voxov nvsvfiaxa xivn* (ivxav&a 
yag % ptxdaxaoig avxov ioxi) xivwv ds ov piyvvxai 
avxoig, c O ds £ecpvgog, xal xivstxai vnb xav voxlav, 
xal nvsav xivu xd ^ogtia. TsXsvxd yag ivxav&a 
r) ntgiodog xwv nvsvjidxav. Jib xwv fiiv xyv xsXsv- 
ii]v, xwv ds xijv agzyv tx (av * y «utw, dixaiwg ijdvg 
iaxixuldoxei elvai.] — 34. (cf. 12.)didxlinlxvvlv6xog 
nvii xolg daxgoig dvofiiioig ij inixiXXovdiv ovx r}tu~ 
oxa ds inl xovxov ; dijXov ovv oxi nvsifiaxa fidXioxn 
inl xovx<d xal psx avxov, 3 £nsl ds nviysi, xalnvsv- 
fiaxu stxoxwg in avxm xd -frsgixoxaxa xivstxai* o ds 
voxog, &sgp6g ioxiv, [Kalxdl^rig, agevxw IBxs%xaiJ\ 
— 35. Aid xl 6 ££<pvgog ngbg xr^v dsiXrjv nvu $ itgco'i 
$s ov i *H alxiog fisv ioxiv cog imxonoXv xwv nvsvpd- 
T«y b qXiog dvaxiXXwv xal dvvwv ; oxav yag vygbv 
ovxa xbv diga dia&tgfiiaivav nsxijj xal diaxgivjj , sig 
nvsvfia diaxgivw idv de y nvtvpaxwSrig b drjg, hi 

Digitized by GoOgle 



238 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

ftdXXor ixnveviiaxuvTai [o drjg^vnb tovtjXIov. "Otcxv 
uiv ovv in ixvciToljj r, 6 r]Xtog, nogga ioxl xov Jcqpi'- 
gov • dnb yag dvopuv nvu * oxav di nsgl to dvvtiv 
i[dtj t Tort diaxsxQifAEvov iaxl to nvivfta TeXiag. jinb 
Se pioov ijfxiQctg xal ngbg tijv dulyy, ovfJ^xgojaxa 
t#«* Ttgog to dia&sgfidvai xal diaxghai. Jia xavxa 
ds xal 6 dnrjXiwxtjg ngtiX agx^Tai nvzXv. Tov ydq 
vnig yijg aigog ir t g vvxrog i^vygaivofiivov , xcc* 
xrj yjj nXr^aidoavTog did (Idgog, ta&ev diaxgiviov au-. 
tov o yUog, tov xa& avxbv xivtl ngwrov. To di 
dnb tov Tjilov irvtvfAot dvaxiXXovxog ivTsv&ev, any- 
XuoTtjg xaXeixai. — 36. Aid ti, algopevov rov fjiiou, 
xal avSdvtxai xal nlntei %a nvivfiaxa; *H oxi to 
nviVfid ioxtv, ijjoi tov digog, % tov dvaxv&svxog 
vygov xivqoig) avTrj de, oTav pev iXdrttov fj , Tp#u 
%axavaXlaxtrai vnb tov i\Xiov • (wax 6 ov yivtxat 
tvsvfia) oxav ds nXeiow , xivhtui fidXXov tou i}Xiov 
dvaTtlXavTog. *0 yag r^Xiog, dgxy twv xivtjaewv 
iouv. — 37. Aid xt 6 ^icpvgog Tiijg deiXrjg nvii/H 
dnavTa tu nvsvfiata rov tjXiov diaxiovrog to vygov 
yivETai; tots ydg avvzoxrixbg, otav y tov &sgfiov dv- 
vafiig 7iXrjoid(rj, i$dnTu. € ds £iq>vgog dq> ioni* 
gag nvu, Eixbxwg ovv Tfjg diiXr^g ylvsTai* tot« ydg 
o tfXiog $lg tov Tonov avTov danxvuTai. - Kal o /?o- 
giag xal 6 voTog did tovto nXnaTuxtg nviovaiv, oxi 
to ivavtlov vnb tov ivavTiov xgatovfisvov , xax 9V~ 
&vatglav jjxioxa dvvaTai diafiivtiv , dXXd fidXXov in 
tov nXayiov, % fikv ovv votog xal pogiag , 4x twv 
i<p kxaTtga ion gov Tijg tov yXlov <pogdg nviovoiv 61 
9i aXXoi, fidXXov ix tov x«t dvTixgv. — 38. 22o't«- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXVI. PROBL. 35 - 41. 239 

gov to nvsvfia anb nr^yr\g tivog qpigsiai , biomg to 
vdtoQ' xal tavjrig ovx I'ouv dvcitigta avtb ivsy&vrai; 
1} ov ; yen noxsgovano evog otj^uov, r\ anonXsiovog 
Tonov /'£via fiiv ovv ionv opoia' a xal inl iwv i^a- 
T(ot> avfi(SalvEi yivio&ai. Tots yag vdwg , b'xav tig 
to xdxavtsg qpigrj-tai, ddxiov gu, ij bxav iv tw ini- 
nidco xal bpaXa Xifivd^rj. 'Ofioicog di xal %a nvtv- 
ponct. *Enl piv ydg roXg dxgoig xal rdtg vfrjlolg, 
ad iv xivTiau b ur\g • iv di tolg xoiXoig rjgsfisi noX- 
Xdxig, xal anvoia ylvexai. "Exi inl xoig oyodga vy/ij- 
Xolg ogsoiv, ov yivsrai t« nvsvpata, olov inl tw 
Adw, xal totg dXXoig tolig Toiovxoig. 2r\\kuov di- a 
yag av xaxaXdnwoiv oi tw ngotsgajBXH&vovTsg, cv- 
glaxea&ai qpaoi diapivovxa T6i vgtsqm. Ar(Xov ovv 
ozi (aonsg anb nrjyijg Ttvog , xal y rov nvevfiatog 
q>oga ylvvtat,. Elg to avw ovv ovx sxi dvvaxai dYt- 
xvuad-ai. Jia xovxo ovv inl totg viprjlolg tovto ovfi- 
paivei. 'Opolag d 3 av xal inl xov vdatog ti'rj. 
Ovts yag vdwg Xdfigov, ovjs nvivfia gaioiov iv idig 
ii/jfjXmg yaivnai yiveo&ai. — 39. Jia %l not* 
rov piv vbtov nviovrog , y daXaxxa xvavia yivsxar 
toy di fiogiov, £o<f(6drig; *H oxi 6 fiogiag i\x%ov ttjv 
&aXaxxav tagdxxn ,• to di axaxxoxsgov dnav , pi- 
lar (paivetca. — 40. dia tl oi votoi \iixga fiiv nvi- 
ovrzg ov noiovaiv inhsipiv ijioi awvitpuav • fitydXoi 
Si ysvopevoi, imvs<povoi;"H dioxi pixgol psv nviovrsg, 
ov dvvavxai noXXa vioprj noiiiv; oXiyov ovv ronov 
xarloxovow. "Oxav di ptydXoi yivwviai , noXXa 
ctrtM-d-ovar 3*- o doxovoi potXXov imvtq>iiv, (cf. 2.) 
— 41. dictrl 6 fiiv fiogiag agxopevog, (tiyag • Xrjyav 

Digitized by GoOgle 



240 AUIST. PROBLEMATA. 

de, pixgog* b de voxog, dgxofievog, pixgog' Xrjywv de, 
fiiyug ; *H oxi o fiev ftogeag, iyyvg r^itav • o de vbibg, 
noggta ; o fievovv, oxav agtyxai, ev&vg nag ftfuv 1 
xov de, ate did noXXov xgbvov, if ctgxq diaoxsddvvv- 
xai, xal ngog r^idg fiixgov ucpixvuxai avxqg xbngm- 
lov'^trig de xeXevxijg xov per, alo&avofit&a, xov de, 
oXcog ovx ctioO avowed «• toots elxoxwg Oftiv, do&tvijg, 
navopevog* (aa&evrig ydg rixeXevxri ndvxwv) ode, 
ov ' xr\g ydg xeXevxijg ovxexi aiod:av6fie&a avxov. 
— 42. Ata xi, ov ixiv xoXnoi etal, rgonatai yivovxai* 
ov ds (iv omenta pey a neXdyrj, ov yivovxai ; *H dioxi 
eig [iev xovg xoXnovg geov ov diaondxai to nvzv\n% 
paXXov , dXX' d&goov inl noXv q>egexott ; iv de Tot? 
dvunenxauevoig, i$ dgxyg xe al anoyeai ev&vg diar 
oiimxai fiaXXov • xal oxav §i<ooi , xavxb ndoxovoi t 
did to noXXaxy iS&vai bgpyoai. "Eoxi ydg rj xgo- 
7ta1a dnoyeog dvdxXaoig. — 43. Aid xi Xeyexai, 

^dgxofxivov xe vbxov, xal Xyyovtog fiogeao ; 
n H dioxi o fxiv ftogeag , did xb vneixtiv tjfidg avxta, 
xal elvai xr\v oXxr\oiv ngog agxxov, evdvg piya nvel; 
Spa ydg SgxBxai xal nag eon. Ai o navopevog , %- 
dv nvei. [Tore ydg ao&evrjg nvu.] c de voxog, dm' 
xo nog^ca&ev, voxegov fieiSav dcpixvelxai. — 49. Aid 
xi iv xoig voxioig Pagvxegov e'xovai xal ddvvax&xe- 
gov oi av&g(onoi;*H dioxi c£ uXlyov noXv vygov yi- 
vexai, diaxtjxbfievov did xr\v dXeav, xal ex nvevjuaxog 
xovq>ov vygbv (tagv • elxa ?; dvvapig axovei;—45*Ai* 
xl iv xotg fiogeioig figwxixwxegoh t\ iv xdtg voxioig/ *^B 
dioxi, ipvxgoxega xd jSogaxx; — 46. Aid xi 6 vorog 
ov nvel xax (xvx?]v trjv Al'yvnxov xd ngbg &oilaTTav, 

Digitized b5. GoOgle 



SECTIO XXVI. PROBL. 41 — 49. 241 

ov5' oaov f)pigag dgofiov xal vvxiog m xa ds vneg 
MifMpwg xal anoaxovxi dgofiov ^pigag xal vvxxbg, 
Xapngog* xal ngog ianigav ov nvu , oaov dvo ^/»e- 
gw xal vvxx&v dg'ipoy • xa de ngbg ia> Xifog nviov- 
oiP; t% H dioxt xoiXrj xa xdxoa rj Alyvnxog iaxl • di o 
vmgnlnxei avxijgj Svoj de xal nogfa ol xonoi vipy- 
Xoxegoi. — 47. Jia xi 6 voxog, ugxSfisvog fiev, pt- 
xgog iaxi • Xiywv de, pelfav yivexai • b de (logiag, 
avanaXiv; dt o [xat] fj nagoipia Xiyei, ev nXeiv, 

Agxofievov xe voxov xal X^yovxog pogiao. 
"Hdioxt ngbg agxxov fiaXXov y ngbg fieorjupgiav olxov - 
(lev; nvsi deofiev (logiag, anb xr\g agxxov • b de voxog 
ano xi>}$ peariiiPglag. Elxoxag ovv b fiev, agxofievog 
[tv$vg~\ aopodgag ngoaxsixai xdig nXijaiov xonoig 
fxaXXov, xal fiexa xavxa fisxaXXdxxei xb aqpodgbv ngbg 
ixsivovg, de voxog, xovvavxiov agxbfisvog pev, 
tdtg ngog fiearjfi^giav olxovaiv syxsixai • ineidav de 
itagaXXatji, xdig ngog agxxov Xafingbg xaxanvu. 
— 48. Aia xi Xeyexai, 

Ei,d o voxog (logeav ngoxaXiooexai , avxixa 

Xeifiwv; 

n ll on 6 voxog xoiovxbg iaxiv, olog vecpiXag xal vdag 

noXv ovvaiguv ; Oxav ovv xoiavxyg xr\g xaxaaxaaemg 

ovarjg inmvevajj c flogeag, noXXqg avx& vXrjg vnug- 

Zovorjg, ni'iyvvab, xal xupwa not el. Al o Xiyexah 

JEl ftoggag nijXbv xaxaXyyexai , avxixa ^8«/ic*v. 

e O de nrjXbg, xal oXtag xa vdaxa, vnb xov voxov rj fia- 

Xioxcc, y nXeioxdxig ylvexai. — 49. dioi xi inl pi* xtjp 

voTfo xa^itg 6 (jogiag, in} Be xovxov 6 voxog ov xaxvg 

ini7xl7xxsi;"ll oxt, xa ph, iyyv&ev x0 de, nogfa&w 

fllRlST. Probl. Q 

Digitized by GoOgle 



242 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

i} a<pt£ig; f\ ydg oVxyoig ngbg @ogeav fjpwv. — 50« 
Aia tl td nvtifiaia yvxgd dotty, ovta dnb tiqg tov 
&egpov ovyxwrioewg ; *!ff ov ndvtfag f) vnbtov &tg- 
fiov xivfjoig &egfiij yivztai, iav fitj tgbnov tivd ylyr^ 
tat; dXX' iav fih adgotog ifimTiTjj , [xaiei avtb to 
aq)ikv\ degptj • iav te did otevov xal Kara fiixgbv, 
avtv, [iiv &egft^ • o de vno tovtov xivovfievog uijg, 
olog dv noti rvyxdvtj ngovndgxtov, toiavti\v xal ti}v 
xivtjoiv anetiXeoey • (oonegxalijiltov acopatog. $>aol 
ydg ix rov avtov &eg[i6v xal ipvxgbv [^«?] nviiv. 
(Cf. 34, 7.) Tovto de ovx dXfj&eg. IdXXd to fiev i$ibv, 
degpov dei. 2r\nuov de to, iyyvg ngooayayovti, 
toioviov <paivso&ai. diayegu de xal rj Ixtitgkhs 
avtov • iav fiev ydg did noXXov aylcopev x a ybvts$ t 
&eg[ibv cpalvetai, dia to avtov alo&dvio&ai,* iav 
$e dia otevov degpoTegov yivo^itvov, w&st toy nXy- 
oiov aiga, xqtxuvog toy ixofievov. Wuxgov de bvtog 
tov digog, xal fi xivrjoig avtov ipvxga yivstai. Mr\- 
note de xal inl twj> nvevfidttav to avtb ovfiftaiyeh 
s*al dta otevov r\ tiqutt) xivqoig' lit ixiivov fiev di- 
riveyxev, etegog de dyg imggu. di o xal tov fiev 
&igovg, &egfid t tov de xei(x(t)vog,yjvxgd td nveifioita, 
ot* iv exategw toiovtog b arjg b ngovndgxwv ' Sitel 
btt ye ovte avtbg vq? eavtov xtvovfiivog 6 dijg, ovte 
vnb tov xtigpov xgatovfievog yegetai tavtr k v thv 
<pogdv, dfjXov ov fiovov tovtfp, oti &eg(iaiyeita 7tyev- 
fiata, nXdovog tov -&egfiov hbvtog, aXXa xal ot& Sroa 
ig>igeto. To ydg nvg, toiovtov • to de vjvxgbv x«to» 
ni<pvxt q>igto&at • tot de nvevftata, nXdyia six 6% cog. 
Ensl yag to fiiv, Svw, to de, xdta Pid&tai, xal ov- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXVI. PROBL. 50-54. 243 

uengov xgaxii, fxivsiv fit ov% owv Tt, ko^v lip cpo- 

gciv uxog ylvso&ai, — 51. dia ri ol votoi iv t*J 

Aifivri xpvxgol, toonsQ nag 3 ifuv ol pogiai ;"HngioTOV 

fiiv, dia to iyyvTsgu uvai yfiiv ts xaxdvoig rdg dg» 

Xtxg twv nvsvpaTcov. El ydg, &0711Q iVllOflf v , dia 

atevov ylvixai id 7ivsvjtatu,Tdig syyvisgco xpvxgoTtga 

tOTai, did jrjv acpodgoTijta zijg xivrjonog. ltig ydg 

to noggia ngo'iovafjg, dia%UTou. Ji o xal nag yplv 

ol (iogiat ipvxgol, on iyyvTsgia navttXwg , xal ngbg 

Ttj aoxxw olxovpev. — 52. did ii oi vbxoi ol Sygol 

xal pr) vdaxoodstg, nvgEToodtig;"/! on vygoxriia #*o- 

fij]v dXXotglav ifinoiovoi Toig ooofiaaiv; tlol ydg vygol 

#ccl &tgnol qy&ost. Tovto 6*' iarl (pvou nvgnoodeg' 

c yag nvgtrog, vri aucpojiowv [tovtcov! ioilv vnzo- 

poArjg, UTttV usv ovv vno tov ij/.iov uvsv voatog 

Tivbooai, tavTfjv ir{v taiiv otav de dfia xa> vdajt, to 

-vdag xttTayjvxu. — 53. did ii ol htjoiui xaiiyv 8% 

%i\v fogav del xal roaovioi nviovai; xal did tl Xi]- 

yovor\g %i\g fjfiigag Xriyovai, xal jr\g vvxibg oi nvi- 

ovaiv ; H tovto fisv, dia to ir\v %iova TTjxofiSfTjv 

jtavea&ai vno tov yXiov ngbg ianigav xal tt\v vvxxa; 

i'Xcog de nviavaiv, Stay b r\Xiog xgaxuv xalXvsiv ag- 

gryrat tov ngog fiogiav ndyov. 'Agxofiivov psv ovv, 

ol ngodgoftoi* ydq de kvopivov, ol hrjoiai. — 54. 

diet %l o £iq>vgog ^.Hotaxog is twv dvifiiov xal \pv- 

Xgoxaxog • xal dvo uigag nvtX fidXioxa, tag v xal 

/ueroTi&gov * xal ngbg ianigav Tr^g ijfitgag , xal inl 

ti}v yr^v fidXiattt; *H ipvygbg ph , dta to nvuv anb 

xi\g -&aXdrjr}g xal [5ta] nsditov dvantmafiivaiv ; 

r\ztov fiiv ovv ipvxgbg tov Soqsov, dia to uq>* vdatog 

Q2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



241 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

nvivpatov/iivov xal fiy /lovog, nviiv. *Pvxgbg de $ 
dia to find xzifAMva , agtt tov i\Xiov xgatovvtog, 
nviiv, Kal fistoncogov, its oixitv xgatii 6 yXiog • 
ov ydg woneg iv ty yy inofiivei tyv vXtjv , dXXd 
nXavdtai, did to icp vygov /fo/fyxcVou. Kal bpaXog 
dia to avto • ov ydg unb ogiwv nvu, ovde (Ha trj- 
xofiivov, dXXd gcedlwg wan eg di avkwvog gscov. Ta 
(utv ydgngbg fiogeav xal vbtov, bgeivd* [to] iigog 
ianigav de, ovte bgog, ovze yr\ iativ , aXXa to 
jltXavtixov niXayog • wore inl trjg yr\g qsgetai. Kal 
ngbg ionigav de tyg rjfiegctg nvei, diatov tonov • to- 
te ydg 6 rjXiog nXijoid&t tw tonta. Kal tvg w- 
xtbg navetai, did to ixXeinuv tv\v tov r\Xiov xivr\aiv. 
— 55. did ti 9 btav b evgog nvii, [isl£<o qpalvetut ia 
7tdvta;"ll bti £o(p(*diotatov tbv dega noiti; — 56. 
did ti tbv fiiv jjftt^wyw, ngcrfi' dnb trig i'w Ta nvevfiata 
nvii* to de &egog, deiXyg, xal dnb dvopav yXiov ;*H 
Stt a rjfiiv ovfA@aivsi tov •d-igovg, tavta tov xsipwvog 
tdlg to ivavtiov trjg yr\g yfitoyaigiov oixovaiv; ijfiiv 
de tov XHfxcovog ngm xal acp H<a ta nvevuata nvu, 
dia to tbv aigt* xd&vygov iv tj] vvxtl diaxgiveo&ai, 
xal xivilo&ai to ngwt vnb tov r^Xlov , xal ngattov 
tbv tyyiota tou tjXlov. Hoitl de tovro b fjXioc, xal 
ngb [t^c] avatoXyg' di o avgai ovx r\ttov ngo cr»a- 
toXyg nviovoiv, 3 Eneidrj ovv xal iq? kaVtbv tXxa b 
rjXiog ta vygd, xal xivel ngb dvatolr^g tov xtifxwvog 
vygbv bvta tbv nag ftfuv aiga, dijXov wg xaliqp eav- 
rov aviXxei, <5v iv tw xdt<o r^ioyuiQup, xal deiXr, 
ixeivoig, o v^iiv iativ og&gog. "Slate avpfiaivei av- 
tov vnb tov fiXiov ngb avatoXyg nag. >i(x<av iq> kav- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXVI. PROBL. 54-58. 245 

%ov iXxopevov aiga t xovxov xolg xaxw ytvicj&ai £c- 
q>vgov, xal deilrjg nveiv, c O de iv tw nag yplv /si- 
pun, Tijjs fiw ixeivoig ovpfiaivei* o de iv xtp &igti, 
%r\g deiXi\q ?;/u7v. c Oxs yag nag y\\uv &igog, ixel %u- 
fiuv iaxi ' xal yfiexiga duly, ixdvoig og&gog* xad* 
7}v ixeivoig per , avgag i$ ktoag avufiaivu nveiv • r}fuv 
de, £eq>vgovg, dia xaixa to7g ngoeigrjpevoig. Tov de 
•deQovg xal hwou uev ov nveovoiv , on tig tygoxegov 
Iti tov nag 3 rjfilv aega o tjliog avaxeXXet, dia xo oA/- 
yov xgovov avxov anoyeyovevai. Ziyvgoi de ov nve- 
ovat deiXrjg tov xeiu&vog • on ovd* iv tw xdxat qui- 
ccpaiQiw too 01 xavxr^v xt\v togav, oia xa ngoeiQTjfteva • 
b&ev o Tjltog iq> kavxbv eXxav xa vygd,nag 3 ?y,u7y?e- 
cpVQOv noiel. — 57. (cf. 33.) dti. ii o £iq>vgog evdi- 
eivog xal yd tow g doxel tlvat, xciv avs/ucov ; II oxi iv 
ftf&ogiw iail x&v yvxgwv xal -d-tgfiwv nvevpdxow ; 
yeixvmv de uficpoiv, Trig dvvafie&g avxav xoivojvh • 
d? o evxgaxog ioxiv. '0 de am^Ximxrig tjxxov xowia- 
vel, &v iv tw pio(p xZv avxav. ^AnyXuaxtig flip yag 
nviwv, xa ngog voxov nvevfiaxa xivel' (ivxav&a yag 
r) fiexdfiaoig avxov iaxi) xivwv de, ov fiiywxat av- 
To'ig. *0 de Seyvgog xal xweixai ino xwv voxw, teal 
nviwv xivu xa fioQeia. TeXevxa yag ivxav&a 5 ne- 
glodog xwv n vevfiaxoav , di o xwv pev xr\v xtXevxyv, 
twv de xr\v ag%i]v f#wv iv eavxo), dixaiwg tjdvg ioxt 
xal doxii elvai. — 58. dia xl aXXoig aXXoixwv avi- 
fuov vixioi; olov, iv fiev xi) 3 Axxixtj xal xalg vrjooig, 
•v 'iZXlijonovxiag • iv ' EXXnonovxo) de, oftogiag, xal iv 
KvgJ\VQ % negldeAio(tov,v6xog;"H onov av a&goioig 
vecpuiv , ivxav&a vdvtg; ivxav&a yag fj nvxvaolg 

Digitized by GpOgl^e 



240 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

a&goi'Qsxui, onov av ngoxa&L&o&ai s'xoi , dt o xal 
iv Toig ogsoi paXXov vsi, [?j onov av to nXrftog 
vnsldysiv dvvyxaf nsgixaxaXa^/Savofisvov yug t 
nvxvoviai' du ds xovxo ysvso&ai' xal iv toils svdl- 
aig fidXXov vsij] 3 Ev *EXXr)onovx(n fisv ovv ava&svo 
ftogsag noXXd ovvco&st vs<prj * ngog ds tt\v 3 4ttix?p 
xalxag vi]aovg, 6 'EXXqanovxlag , aonsg vXrjv %% m '' 
Kal yag nsguoxaxai xa noXXd ix xov (Hogsov. JTigl 
ds Asoftov, o svgog xal o voxog t ix tov nsXdyovg ysgov- 
jig, noXXa viopr t ngoofiaXXovai, tjj /wqu. Tov ai/- 
tov xgonov xal in) xwv aXXwv. — 59. (cf. 25, 7.) Aid 
xl Xsysxat • 

MrjnoT an r\nslgov dsloyg vicpog, aXX ano 
novxov 

Xsifioovog, dsgsog ds, an rjnsigoio fisXalvrjg ,- 
*'// dioxi tov fisv xufiiavog , tj &uXaxxa &sgfioxsga; 
wots si' Tig ovvioTT}, dr\Xov on an &QXfjgiozvQag ow- 
soxr\xsv iXvOt] yag av , did to aXssivov slvat tov 
xonov. Tov ds &sgovg, i) fisv &dXaxxa t yjvxQot, xa) 
Ta novtia Tivstifiara' f} ds yr\, d-sopy. Hots tX xt 
ano Tr\g yrjg yigsxai , did (isi£ovog agxtfg avviox7\. 
JisXv&r] yag av, si do&svsg yv. — 60. Aid xi iv xy 
*Agxadlu ViprjXjj ovori, xa fisv nvsvftaxa ov&svjpv- 
Xgoxtga t&v nagd xolg aXXoig ' oxav ds vrivsfiia 7; xal 
imvicpsXa, yjvxgd, woneg iv xdlg ofiaXsoi Totg sXwds- 
aiv; ["// oxi xal y *Agxadia bfioia yivsxai Totg kXaids- 
oiv/] ov yag l#f* i$6dovg Toig vdaaiv fig -O-dXaxxav 
di_ o xal ftdga&ga noXXd avx&di ioxlv. "Oxav fisv 
ow 7] avs/Aog, dnogg'tni^sn^v ix Ttjg yi\g dva&Vfiia- 
oiv, ovoav yvxgdv (avxoc ds xd nnvfiaxa , ov ipv- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXVn. PROBL. 58 — 64. 247 

XQ a, did to O7ro xr\g &aXdxxrjg ngoa^dXXsiv) iv ds 
xalg vrjvsfjiiaj.g aviovaa r\ at pig anb xov i[iftsvovxog 
vdaxog, noisi xb yvxog. — 61. Aid *h * av tw^** 
nvelv agfyxai, dnmsgsvsi [tdXXov;"l£di6xi agxofisvov 
tov fjXiov ocpodgoxdxrj r\ cpogd • di o ixxslvsxai xoi- 
avxr\ ovaa; arj/nslov ds, oxi io%vga r\ ovoxaoig. — 52. 
/lid xl pogsag xrjv ^fiigav fxsv Xafingbg, xijv ds vvxxa 
itlnxti ;*H dioxi yivsxai anb nmyyoxog vtxov , oxav 
Btva&vpiaxai did xbv tjXiov; nlnxst, ds vvxxbg, oxi 
ov% V <*vtiJ ysveoig, dXXd xovvavxiov noist. Tag ydg 
vvxxag ixnvst, xdg ds r t uigag rjxxov. < — 63- Aid tixd 
dgdxvia xd noXXa oxav (pigijxai , tivtv^axbg son a/,- 
fxua; nbxigov hxi igyd&xai 6 dgdxvt]g * v Ta *S vu$lctig>' 
cpigsxai ds, dia xb ipvxopsvQV xov dsga avviivai ngbg 
rrjv yyv xb ds y/v#£(7#at, b\gxr\X il ^ vo ^' ^tjfittov 
ovv i\ yoga xcov dgaxvioav, *H bxi (isxa xa vdaxa 
xat xovg xupwvag yivsxai xojv agaxvioav [ddgoa] i\ 
q)ogu, iv xatg svdiaig igya^ofisvcav, dia xb iv x§ 
Xsifimn firj <paivso&ai; dvogiyov ydg xeds. Kai qpe- 
gofisvoi vno xov nvsvpaxog noXvv ixTtrjviCovxai. 
Msxd ds xa vdaxa, sl'oo&s nvsvpa yivea&ai&g xdnoX* 
Xa, — 64. Aid xl ol ftogsai psyaXoi xov #8(//<5vos tv 
Totg vjvxgolg xonoig inivicpsXoi, e$a> ds al'dgioi;"H 
oxt afia yjvxgoi slat xal fisydXot,; iyyvg ds, ftaXXov 
y/vxgol. u SLaxs y&dvovoi nrjyvvvxsg, nglv an&aai 
id vi<prj • oxav ds nay\\, fisvovot did ftdgog. E$(o ds 
j(o psysdsi igyd^ovxai fxdXXov, rj xa VJvxg($* 
SECTIO XXVH. 
e 'Oou ntgl cpopov xal uvdgttav. 
Aid xl ol (fopov^ivoi xgipovoiv / "ff did xi\v xa- 

' Digitized by GoOgle 



248 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

taipv$iv; ixXslnst yag'To &egfibv^ xal ovoriXXtTai* 
Ai bxal ai xoiXLai Xvovzai toig noXXolg. — 2. Aia 
ii ovv xal diipGHfiv svioi, xa&oijisg oi fiiXXovtsg xo- 
Xa&o&ai ; ov yag sdei, xaTaipv^ofisvoav, n H ovx iv 
tavi at T07TW ^ xatdipvSig xal y deoftoTTig • aX£ fj 
fjiiv, iv tw im7ToXijg, sv&sv ixUinu to &sg(iov y ds, 
iv np ivtoQ' wars ix&sg/Aaivsi ; Srifiuov ds xal^tb 
Xvso&ai rag xoiXiag. [dva^gaivofiivov ds tov xv- 
giov totiov, to dlipog. "Opoiov ds soixsv, wpnsg tojg 
rjmaXovaiv , ot Spa xw giyovv diywoiv. Ovds yag 
b avtbg ovd' ixei ronog vjvx^tav xal S-sgfiaivsrat. 
— 3. Aid %l iv fih tolg &v[idlg slg to ivtbg d&goi- 
iofxsvov tov Gegfjov did&sgfioi xal &ag$aXsoi' iv 
ds Toig qpofioig, dvomaXiv ; *H ovx sig tov atvxbv tb- 
iiov , aXXa Totg (isv bgyi£o(isvoig nsgl %t]v xagdiav* 
di 6 xal &aggi}iixol, xal iv igv&rjpaTi, xal nvsvpa- 
tog TiXrjosig,, dvco vr\g qpogag ovoijg' Totg ds qpopov- 
fisvotg, xaxdn ovfiCpsvyovTwv tov aifiaTog xal tov &sg- 
ftov* di o xal t) Xvaig twv xoiXi&v insl xal r, xf»$ 
xagdiag m'jdrjoig ovx bfioia, aXXa TOtg fisv, wg av did 
Ttjv sxXsixpiv, nvxvt} xal vvyfuaTadtjg • Totg ds, (og av 
a&goi£afisvov nXsiovog &sgfiov. Ji o xal to ava~ 
&1v, xal to oglvso&ai tov &vfibv xal lagaTtsa&ai, 
xal boa Toiavta Xiyovoiv, ov xaxtag, aX£ olxslag. 
Ag ovv xal diet tovto to dlipog; insl to ys £i\gbv 
mvtiv o aavaagiGfibgj xal xa Toiavxa, yivsiai diet Tip 
avacpogav tov nvsvpaTog afia xal &sgnov, xal to o7- 
yo? dsdtjXov, tag ixdsgpaivopsvov tov ocofiaTog. 
H<ag ovv b avrbg Tonog ava^fjgaivsTai u(i(po1v, (S di- 
VviAsv x*It% (po/Sovfxsvw xal t^ bgyiZopivy / o di 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXVII. PROBL. 1 — 4. 249 

tpofiog oti diyrjTixov, xal ol iv roiig Tgonofcg dyXov- 

oiv • ovdnfiov ydg ovrta diipaxu • xal ol aytovuHv- 

Tig ds G(f6dga * 6i o xal diaxXv'Qovxou xal imggocpovoi, 

xa&ansg flag pivot* o vnoxQi^Tjg. "l£ xovioig fiiv 

ovx Kern ditpog, aXXa $rjgoif}g risysvyoTog tov a c ifia- 

tog' o&sv xalwxgoi; orjfislov ds, to pi) nlvsiv noXv, 

dXXd xal @gox&ioou. Ol d* iv laig Tgondig, ptT<x 

novov. Ai o dujjfoot xal ol fiiXXovTsg xoXd&a&ai. 

Kal ov&iv aTonov. 3 JEv ds rdlg noXsfitxolg svioi xal 

tuv avdgslav, oiav diaoxsvaa&wot, xal Tgi/xovoiv 

ovx eSeoTrjxoTsg, aXXa -d-aggovvieg • w siwdaoi p«- 

axiyovv to oib fia nXaxfl vdg&rjxt • si ds fi^, tatg x^g- 

olv uva&sgfiav&ivTsg. "lioixs d4\ diet ttjv ogvirjia 

xal ti\v cpogdv %ov &sgfiov, avwpaXia rig slvai nsgl 

to owfia Tagaxtadrjg. — 4. Aid ti ol dvdgslot ug 

imtonoXv (flXoivoi; "H oji ol dvdgstoi dtQfxoi; rj ds 

S-fgfiotijg, nsgl t« aTrt&rj. *Evxav$a ydg xal o qpo- 

pog qpalvsTai, yivofievog xaTayv&g Tig. "JIots nsgl 

Tr t v xagdiav ijztov (isv (livsi, Toig ds nrjdix ipvxofisvrj. 

"Oooi, ovv tov nvsvfiova tyovoiv svaifiov , -&sgpbv 

£Xovui tovtov (ooTtsg olvoapivof (oazs ovyvx* 1 y <pav- 

Taoia tov dsivov. Ol ds toiovioi, xal cpiXonotai. 

1/ t* ydg tov tiotov ini&vfila , did tt\v tovtov tov 

(jiogiov xtsgfiOTrjxd ioxiv , (sl'grjTai ds ntgl uvtov iv 

aXXoig) xal tov navotixov ?; ini&vftla. ds olvog, 

xtegfibg fisv tt\v <pvoiv , navsi ds ttjv dlipav fiaXXov 

tov vdaTog • xal pdXiora tw avxwv 3* ijv aniav, 

ti'gtjTat iv aXXoig. Al S xal ol iv t$ negmvevfiovia, 

xal ol fxaivofisvoi , afupozego* im&vpovoiv ol'vov 

huItoi tSiv pkv, dia tt\v digfjiaoiav, &sg(iog o nvsv~ 

Digitized by GoOgle 



250 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

/uft>v toir ds, dia ttjv tagaxw* *Ensi ovv ol avioi 
ag imxonoXv xa> y&vu dupytixol xal avdgstoi , olvov 
ds ol dityriTixol ini&vpTjxixol, ol ds toiovxoi opiXono- 
TCtiy avayxatov wg initonolv nagaxoXov&slv dXXrjXotg 
rag <pvosig. At o xal ol olvwpivoi, dvdgeiotsgot 
ta>v /iij. — 5. Aia ti)xdXiota tr\v avdgslav xifiwoiv 
at noXsig, ov fieXtlotyv ovaav ttav agstwv ; "Hon dia- 
tsXovotv y noXsfiovvtsg , r\ 7toXsftovfisv4)i • avxr^ ds, iv 

UflipoXv [xgfJOtlKOToilT} ioXl *] tlflWOl ds OV T« /?&- 

tiota , aXXot tit avtdig fisXtiota* — 6. Aiatiol 
(poftovfieyoi fxdXtoxa tqsuovol jyv <pwvr\v xalx&gag, 
xal to xdxia %uXog ; >X 1I diott sxXsiiplg ioxi to na&og 
&£Qfiov ix xcov aVw tontov dibxal w/^twat/ diet fih 
ovv tovxo ix tov oxtj&ovg ^ cp(avr\ tgspu, yjvxofisvov 
w xivsltai. c Ofioi(og ds xal al z&Qeg • ix tov ai»j- 
&ovg ydg r\gtr\vtai. To ds xdtco x&Xog, aXX ov to 
uvw&sv, T xdt (olxgsu at at v oinsi' to dsxdt(o&sv am* 
naga cpvoiv • aXX vno tov Vsgnov avw rjgefiet, ' ov 
vcpaigovpivov, did to ipvxso&ai tgifisi, Koutv tdlg 
fi-vpoTg ds diet to avxb dnoxgefiavvvxai to xsZXog. 
Ai)Xov ds inl rwr naidicov. SFwa&ei ydg tig trpf 
xagdiav to d-igpov. — 7. Aid tl ol cpo^ov^isvot fia- 
" Xiota tgifiovoi ti\v opwvqv xal x*iQ a S* * a * to xma 
X&Xog ; H dioxi ixtoitov tov tonov ixXslnsi to&sg- 
Lihv iv (o i] qjcovr) ; to dsx&Xog xal tag x*ig a $> ^ Ti £V ~ 
xivrjtoxata xal rjxiota evaifia. Kal Trgo'Levtai [isv tip 
yovv t v, ovonwoi ds xal ta aidola' ngo'hvrav psr, dia 
to ovytfjxsiv to xaxa/5a1vov Ssg^iov • araonwai ds, 
ctii'Saj&ev q>6/3og. Elg tovvavtiov ovv f] g>vy^, — 8. 
^"* ti ol yopovptvoi xal giyovoi xal diipuot, ; tavta 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXVII. PROBL. 4 — 10. 251 

de ivavria to, nd&rj. *H giyovoi fiiv, ifjvxopevoi- 
diipwot, ds, &egfj,uiv6fisvoi ; dioxi eV iw q>o(3eia&ai t to 
-dsgfibv ixXtlnu , xal to vygbv ix tcqv avta Tonatv. 
JfjXoi de to XQVf* 01 *«« «* xodiai. To (xev yhg tiqo- 
ovmov l wxqov • at de xoiXlai, \ivioxs\ XvovTat. Aid 
fiev \ovv\ to ixXeintiv to &egftov ix t&v dvw&ev , to 
giyog ylvtiai ' did de to vygbv, r\ ditpa. — 9. Aid 
titov Tsyofiov Xvnr\g Tivlg ovtoq xal tt}£ aXyydovog, 
ol fiev aXyovvTtg, dvafiowaiv olds <po@ov(ievoi, oko* 
nwoiv; *H oi fiiv dXyovvTig, xaxixovot to nvevfia* 
(di S d&goov i$tov 9 perd qxavrjg clc^iat) twv ds 
yofiovnivwv, xaTeipvxTai to owpa , xal to -frsgnbv 
xoltw ivrjvMTat, o noiu nvevuaxa. Hi ovv ivrjvexTai 
fiaXioxa , ivxav&a xal noiil avid, Ai o xal uno- 
yjocpovoiv oi yofiovptvoi. C H de qxovrj ioxi q>oga 
nvsvpaTog, ixvw ncog xal did tovov yivofxivt], Tov 
de Tovg aXyovvxag xaxixeiv to nvtvpa, ai'tiov , ou 
Taig ivvnaqxovaaig rjfuv ^07}&eiaig (pvasi ti/3*) ndv- 
Ttg na&ovveg, avsv Xoyiopov #£<u^£#a, xa&dnsg xal 
ice SXXu Ja5a* to, (lev ydg xigaai, tu de odovai, tu ds 
ovv£iv dfxvviTai. Hgbg de t« aXyr^iaTa ndvxa r\ to 
nXtioTct, porj&ti fj &eQn6ir}g* o noiu o xaxsxoov to 
nvevfia. Osgfialvei ydg xal ixnimst to dXytj^ia, 
ovotsXXojv ivtcg to -fregfibv Twnvevfiau. — 10. Aid 
ti Tolg (poftovpivoig ai xoiXiai Xvovxai, xal ovgr^Ti w- 
oiv; >x Hto S-egfiovTo ivijfiiv ioriv Honeg £owv; tovt 
ovv cpevysi, bie dv qpo/fy##. "Ma&ev ovv yivopivcov 
twv ts vnb Ti}g dywvlag cpofitov xal twv ToiovT(ov,xal 
ix twv dvoa&ev tig ia xdxta, xal ix t&v imnoXyg tig 
ia ivxog. *Ex$egnaiv6nevoi de oi negl Tf}v xoiXlav 

Digitized by GoOgle 



252 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA 

Tonoi, xal W;v xvoxtv diaXvoviai, xal noiovow avtat 
tvTQtnug. Kal ydg id avioa xal t« dipir&ia , xal 
ooa ovqt}tix(* } dsgfiavxixd. c Opolag 8i xal xd ngbg 
ri]v xoiXiav qxxQfiaxa, id xdrco &sg(iavnxmega • xal 
\d fisv, Tafy uoivtx&s vT(av f*6vov Xvrixd * t« ds\ xal 
Lrigav ovvTr\%w noul* olov to axogodov elg to ovgov. 
To auio dt] roig roiovroig, ^ ix twv imJioXfjg &tg- 
paoZa elg jovxovg xovg xonovg avvigvoa dgd,(ci*1.\ 
— 11. Aid xl ol (poftovfiBvoi Qvanojotxd aiddla ;tlxbg 
ydg i\v xovvavxlov, ug xovxov xbv xon'ov xov &sg[iov 
d&goi£o(iivov xav (pofiovfxh'wv, dvUo&ai avxd. *II 
ol (popovjievoi. o%sd6v dnavxeg won eg giyovvxig uoiv ; 
ixXtXomoxog ovv £x xcav inmoXrig xov &sgfiov, av- 
ontooi. Ai 5 xal fiofifivXittSovoiv ol dtivag dsdioxtg. 
Aoxu d& ovoTttxv xb ini7ioXr i g xal to digpa xwv gt- 
yovvxoav, axe tou dsfyfiov ixxexgipivov. Ai o xal 
qtgixxovoi. Svondxai de xal -»; oo/ia tow aldolov 
avw, xal ovvty&Xxovxai xal ol bgxtiS avxotg ovoxeX- 
Xopivwv. Odxxov 8k qtalvexai inl twv dqpgodioiwv. 
'O ydg cpofiog ixxglvu, xal noXXoTg xav dyavuivxav 
xal xav nsQicpofiojv ovyxwu i\ xr\g yovt)g ngoeoig. 

SECTIO XXVIII. 
a Ooa nsgl ooxpQoovvijv xul uxoXaotav, xaliyxguxeiav xa* 
dxguatav. 
Aid xl evioi xdftvovoiv, b'xav i&io&ivxtg dxoXdoxag 
Z>r\v, fit] axoXdoxtog diaixwvxai ; olov Aiovvoiog o xv- 
gavvog, iutl iv £r$] noXtogxia inavoaxo nlvwv oXi- 
yov xivd xgovov , sv&vg iqp&ioiaoev , Hag ndXiv ei$ 
IV 'fid&yr perePaXev. n H fiiya fiiv xt xal to e&o$ 
iotlv kxdaxoi g ; <pvoig ydg i]dri yivixai. Ka&omQOP- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXVIII. PROBL. 1-3. 253 

tlix&vg iv aigi, f} av&goanog iv vdaxi diaxsXwv, 
tpavXag av Vaxof ovxto xal oi xd s&rj fisxa@dXXov- 
tsg , ^ail«7rwff (*7ntXXdTtovoi * xal xo ndXiv elg xd 
tico&ota iX&uv ooaxrjgia yivsxai avxdlg , wonsg elf 
cpvoeoog xaxdoxaotv. *Exi di xal ovvxr t xxixo\ yivov- 
xai y tlct'd'OXBg Tooqp/J xQ^o&ai day del xi) ijdelcc. M^ 
XanpowovTtg ydg xi)v slw&viav, womtg oXtog firj Xap- 
'pdvovxeg diaxi&evxai. Ov pijv dXXd xal xd ntgixxw- 
fiaxa TQOcpfi fisfiiypiva noXXrj, dyavl&xai. Avxd dk 
imnoXa&i fiova Svxa, xal (pigsxai ug op/uctTa »1 
nvsv/iova. JIgooBVsyxafiivoig de xgoyijv, xaxaxtgav- 
vvfitva, idagrj yivsxai xal d(tXa(iT\. rivsxai da xolg 
dxoXdoxwg &3at nXti<o xd ntgixxwpaxa, axgi xwbg 
X^aat xov sioa&oxog /S/ou, did xb noXXrjv dxaxax<!>- 
gioxov iv avxdlg vXrivvndgxuv ixxov ngoxigov (ttov 
f,g xrjxopivTig vnb xov ovpcpvxov -fregftov , xa&aneo 
Xiovog noXXrig, gsvpaxa ddgd ovpfialvei ylveo&at. 
— 2. Aid xl xaxd povug dvo alo&iatig, dxgaxsig 
Xiyojisv, olov dqprjv xal ysvoiv; H did xo xag ano 
xovxtov yivopevag qdovdg xoivag ilvai ijfiiv xal xdig 
aXXoig iwoig^Axs ovv xoival ovoat dxifioxaxai sioi. 
Ji o xal fidXiaxa, y povai inovsidioxoi tioiv. c [floxe 
xov vnb xovttav fjxxapsvov , xpsyofisv, xal axgaxij 
xal dxoXaoxov eivai (paper, did to vnb xav x^oxm 
ydov&v fitxao&at. — 3. Aid xl dxgaxng Xiyovxa^ 
xaxd xdg inidvpiag fiovov, ovarig xyg dxgaaiag xal 
nsgl xyv bgyfiv ;" H oxi dxgaxijg fiiv ioxiv, o nagaxov 
Xoyov xi ngdxxcov xal dxgaaia, tj naga xov Xoyov 
uytoyri; tial ds al fitv imdvplai, (we ininav linetv) 
nagd xov Xoyov al deogyal, /uexa Xoyov, ovx *»C 

Digitized by GoOgle 



264 ARIST. PROBLKMATA. 

xtXevoavxog xov Xoyov,aX£ wgdi}Xwoavxog xbv ngoit^ 
XaxiOfAOV, i\xi}v aixiav.-4.Jta *< xyvjisv ^F^ 
xal xr)v o(x>(f>QOOVvi)v, inl xuv vicov *ctl nXovalav pa- 
liara iStxatoptv • xr\v ds dtxaioovvrjv , inl x&v nsvr)- 
iw£*IIoti, ov paXiaxa dslLxalxig,sixovTovamxsxai, 
paXXov &avno&ot% av, ij iw ivavxiwv; b ph ovvni- 
vrie ivnogiag folia* • b dsviog xal nXovoiog^ ano- 
Xctvostog. — 5. 4id xl r\xxov avi/ovxai diipwvxtg y 
neivavxsg; Iloxsgov oxi Xvnrjgoxsgov ; ar\ixuov ds xov 
XvTxrigoxigov, oxi r)diov xb diywvxa muv,ji nuvwxa, 
(paysiv. To fo ivavxiov xu rjdsi, Xvwngoxtgov. H 
dioxi (laXXov duxai xb degfibv xov vygov, rj xb !ij§ov 
w ttopsv^IIoxi dvotv i) dlipa im&vpla, noxov xal 
xgoyrjg ' r) ds nsiva, evbg ftovov, xgoyyg; — - 6. Aw> 
xi yxxov xagxsgovpsv diywvxsg rj nuvuvxsg ;"Hdion 
Xvnovps&a n&XXov; or^iuov ds xr)g Xvnr\g y i) r)dovn 
oyodgoxiga. Eixa b (ih diipav, dvotv ivdsitf, Tgoyrjg 
xs xal xaxcHpv&wg • (afiqxa yag l/ci xb ttotov) o ds 
mivwv, &axsgov povov. — 7. (cf. 2.) Aiaxi olxaxa 
xr)v xr\g a<pvg rj ysvosag rjdovrjv, ov av vneg^aXXatoiv, 
axgaxsig Xsyovxai; (oi xs yag nsgl xa aygodiaia, axo- 
Xaoxoi, oi xs nsgl xag xrjg xgocprjg anoXayosig. Twv 
ds xaxa xrjv tgocprjv, an sviav psv , iv xji yXwxxrjXo 
ijdv • an ivlav ds, iv tw Xagvyyi • di o xal <PiX6*s- 
vog ysgavov (pocgvyya ev'xexo **«v) oi ds xaxa %ip 
oyiv xal xi)v axof]V,'ovx sxi/'Hdia xb xaganb xovxw 
ytvofisvag r)dovag, xoivag slvair rjfuv xal xotg aXXom 
Xiuoig / v Axs ovv ovocov xoivmv, axipoxaxai siai , xai 
(liXiara, rj (tovat inovsldiaxot. "Jloxs xov vno %ov- 
xtov r)tTcopsvov, ytyojusv, xal axgaxr) xal a*6Xaorov 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXIX. PROBL. 1—2. 255 

Xsyopsv, din to vno %tav xtiQloxmv r\dovmv Tjtiao&ou. 
Ovowv ds tiov at&rjoswv usvts, rare aXXct £wa dub 
dvo fih twv nQosiQ7]fiiv(ov f r)dsTou * xaxd ds Tag «A- 
lag, 7} oXcog ovx r}dsTai, % xaia ovfifeprixoQ tovto 
Tiaaxsi- 'Oga [isv ydg bgwv r\ xal 6acpgaiv6fitvog t 
Xaigei ots anoXavsi' xotl bray 7iX7]Q(o&rj y ovds tdc roi- 
avTOC rjdia avTto, ojotisq ovds fjfuv i] tov xugixov 
odfirj, orav cidrjv sxapsv tov qxxyelv otocv dsivdsug 
h)[iEV, tfiiof i] ds tov godov, aElrjdela. — 8. Aid ii 
7}ttov Tcatixovai tov y&XtaTa naoovToiv twv yvtogifnov ; 
"II otciv ocpodga i^rjgTrjfiivov r\ %i , svxIvt]t6v iariv ; 
i] d' svvoia, tin tip ftuXXov ysXdtov • cwot8 xivtt. 
SECTIO XXIX. 
a Oaa ntgl div.iuoovvriv xul ddwlav. 
AiaTi [iei£ovog b'vTog ddixrjfiaTog, idv Tig ^Xa7tTfi 
tig to nilZov dya&bv, %r\g ds Tipr)g ovarjg fid^ovog 
ixya&ov t r) t&v xgw* XfAV ddixla fidXXov dexst, xal 
li dixoipdXXov tlvai doxovai nsgl TotXQyt* aT0C - : & dioTi a *- 
qovvtcuju xgyfiuia pixXXov rfgrifirig, xal ndalv ioTi 
xoivoTaxov ; i) dsTtfxr) oXiyoig, xaloXiydxig ovp^alvti r) 
XQijoigavTiiig. — 2. AidTlnagaxaTa&^xrjv dtivoitgov 
anoGTtguv, i) ddvsiov; "lion, aioxgbv ddixttv cplXov; o 
fisv ovv Tr\vnagaxaTa&'i]XT}vdnooTEgfbv, ylXov udixtt • 
ovStig ydg nagaxttTaxi&tTai fn) morsviav. Ov ds to 
XQ&og, ov cpiXog • oy ydg darel&i, idv j) cpiXog, dXXd didw- 
olv. "ll oti fislSov to ddlxtjfioi ; ngbg yag Ty £w? * 
ytal Ti]V nioTiv nagufiaivti ' di yv, si Ka* prjdsp Sr«- 
qov, ds% dnixsa&ai tov ddixuv. *fex* to ftr) Tolg i'aoig 
otpiviodaiy qxxvXov. c O (isv ovv I'daxsv, tag q>iX(& • 
6 ds, uJitOTSQriosv wg ix&QOV. e O ds dctvelfov, ovx 

Digitized by GoOgle 



356 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

cog <f>iXog edtaxtv. *£xi rwy \iiv i] dooig, opvXax^g xal 
dnodooswg x<*Q iy ' ™v de , xal wcpeXtlag. ' Hxxov 
di ay avaxxovy.lv anofidXXovxsg , u xigdog -dijgBvo- 
utv, olov oi aXieig xd dtXiaxa' ngoqpavrjg yag 6 xiv- 
dvvog. "Eti nagaxaxaxl&ivxai fisv wg inl to noXv, 
oi impovXeuopsvot xal dxvxovvxtg* 8avel£ovov ds ol 
tlnogovvxeg^ dnvoxtgov di zaxi toy dxvxovvxa t t) 
xbv evxvxQvvxa ddixsiv* — 3. did xi foioig dixaaxri- 
gioig xoig yiveoi paXXov y xoig dia&rjxaig yjTjqpiovvxui ; 
"H oxi y&vovg fisv ovx boil xaxatpivoao&ai, aXXd xo ov 
dnoqpaUuv* Sta&ijxai di noXXal ipsvfteig qdy ify- 
X£yx& 7 l actp ovaau — 4. did xi r\ mvia nag a xoig 
Xgyoxolg x&v av&gcomav (jaXXov , i] nagd xoig <pav- 
Xoig iaxlv; * % H did xb vnb ndvxwv [tioeio&ai xal e|i- 
Xavvio&ai , ngbg xovg imuxug xaxacpsvysi, olofiivri 
pdXioxa nagd xovxoig omrjgiag xvxsiv, xal dta/iti- 
voti' ti ds ngbg novygovg 'dX-djj, ovx dv diafieivai iv 
VI uvifi dvvdft&i avxovg, aXX? rj xXsnxsiv, t) Xifitt- 
o&ai • wv yivofiivav , ovx av txi ilvai avxyv nag 
aifxolg. *H oxi xoig imeixtlg ol'exai x&v dvd-gwmai 
dgioxa av avxf) x$V<J&*h *a* qxioxa av v(3giQ&rivat 
i/7i avxwv ; Ka&dnsg ovv tag xiov xgypdxwv nagaxa- 
xa&rjxag ngbg xovg imsixug xi&ifis&a, ovxoa xal av- 
xi] vnig avxr\g diaxdxxtxai. "il oxi ^r\Xtia ovoot, 
anogtuxiga ioxiv • waxe xwv inmxwv dslxai ; "if oxi 
avxrj, xaxbv ovoa, ngbg xb xaxbv ovx av tX&oi ,* £i 
ydg xb xaxbv tXoixo , navxdnaaiv Sv dvolaxov ci'ij. 
— 5. dia xi ovx bpoltog at adixlat fisifrvg ttsqi to 
$i)fiuxa xal xd aXXa; olov o fiixgbv tinvv, ovx Sr 
xal xb nnoggrixov ei'noi • aXX' 6 ha ngodovg, xat 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXIX. PROBL. i — 12. 257 

noXiv, toonsQ 6 ofioXbv artooxBgrjoag , xal xaXavxov, 
11 oti anb fiti£ovog adixiag Bvia iXdxxta iatl, di a8v- 
vafilav; — 6- Aia xl Ttagaxaxa&rjxriv aioxgov ano~ 
otBgyoai jiixgdv, i\ noli) davBiodfiBvov ; ™H oxi b'xi\v 
nagaxaxa&rixriv anooxegiav, xbv vnoXafiovxa thai 
aixbv imsixii, ilanaxaxai; y oxi b xovxo, xal ixuvo 
notrjosiE / — - 7. diet xl av&gamog (idXujxa naidtlag 
fitxixwv > £oW anavxwv adixtaxaxov iaxiv ; *H oxi 
nliioxov Xoyiofiov xbxoivm7\xb ; MaXioxa ovv xug 
fjdovdg xal xijv Bvdaifiovlav H-rjxotxe. Tavxa d* Svbv 
adixiag ovx taxi. — dia xl o nXovxog wg inl xb tio- 
Xv, nag a xolg qpavXoig \jiaXXov\ r\ xolg imuxioiv 
iaxiv; *H dioxi xvcpXog wv xtjv didvoiav, ov divaxai 
xglvtiv oidi alguodcu xb piXxioxov ; — 9. /lid xl 
dixaioxsQOV tivai vivofiiaxai, xoig xBXtXevxrjxooiv, rj 
xolg £woiv inapvveivs *!ff oxi ol ^iv £w>xsg, divaivx 
Sv [avTot?] inagxioai* 6 di XBxsXBVxtjxwg oixexi; 
— 10. (Cf. 7, 4.) did xlvyialvovxi piv o avvav ov- 
div vyiioxsgog ylvBxai, ovds toxvgco ^ xaXio tig xoig 
t&tg imdidwotv ov&iv * dixala di, xal acoygovi, xal 
ctya&w; *H dioxi xd fiiv , dfiifujra, xd di, fxi^r]td 
rr\ yvxij ; dya&bg di, xjj yvxy • vytrjg di, x(a owpaxi • 
i&i&xai ovv x<*Lq hv og&aig xal Xvnelodai. 'O di 
ifyiu avviav, ovx Irt. Qv yag iv xtp Ttolxatgetv, ?} 
fitl, b vyi^g* oi&iv xovxwv ydg noulvyltiav. — 11. 
di* xl duvoxsgov yvvatxa dnoxxCivai , *) otvdgw 
xalxoi p&Xxiov xb $g$sv xov &r\Xtog (jpvoBi; *H dioxi 
ao&svioxsgov • aoxsiXaxxa adix€i;"H on ov vsavixbv 
to ioxvgl&o&ai ngbg xb noXv fjxxov ; — 12. <*/*« xi 
noxB xq> yivyovxk ip xy dixaaxtigty xr\v d&iav oxaoiv 
Arist. Probl. R 

Digitized by GoOgle 



258 A1UST. PUOBLEMATA. 

didoauiv; "iJ diou inavwovv flovXoviai; llXtovt- 
xtovvtog ovv rov diuxoviog, ttjv otaaiv w ytvyovxi 
dtdoaaiv. J£t&' wg iixl lb 7toXi\ oi (ptvyovxtg ixa- 
qaqtvXdxxovxat. 'jEnl dtha di r\ yvXaxy ylvtxat, 
iav o (pevyouv I'xfi xyv iv 5s£t£ oxdoiv, — 13. 4ia i( 
noTB oxav xal i$ ysvyovxi xal tw duoxovxi <palv(ov- 
%at ipjjtyoiloai, 6 (ptvywv vix$;*H on o fih (pivynv, 
iv t(j> dywvi fiovov axyxosv avxov, ngbg a du avxbv 
anTjyoQuo&ai, xal xoiig judgTvgagnagaax^o&atnQog 
%a xaxr t yogrifiiva f#«j#ai, it %i fiiXXovoiv w(ptXri- 
&T)vai; Ov gqtdiov ditb fiavxtvaaodai riva, tav 8si 
avtbv nagaoxevdoao&ai rj fidgxvgag i{ aXXo uxpii- 
giov, oxi ov&iv ddixsl, Ta> ds duaxovxi iaxiv onag 
fiovXtxcu, xal ngb tov %tjv dixrjv aXijxsvoaa&ai , iv- 
oiTjQao&at to ixgayfia* xal rjdrj xtxXt}xoxa, nXaaa- 
ftevov bxi^ovXexai m&avbv,xax7)y.oguv avxov. 'Ojqwv 
dq xaxd ndvxa ravxa ilaxxovpsvov o vo(io&ixrig toj 
qttvyovxa, ngooi&eio t<w q>tvyovxi, b , ti av oi dtxa- 
oxal ctfjKpidotrioaow. *AXXd fiyv xal tovx av ti$ 
Idoi. °Ev yag tolg cpofioig ovxeg, noXXa nagaXifina- 
vovoiv ay avxovg tdei tlnuv % ngdtai. Oi di q>tv- 
yovxsg, ad iv (xtitoob xivdvvoig ng inl to txoXv xvy- 
Xavovaiv bvug, "flat ti naQaXi^ndvovaiv wy 8tt 
avxovg, el'ntg ihaovvxai tolg dixaioig, di}Xov oxitl 
pi} nagtXi/tTiavov , ixgdvovv av. *'Exi di exaaxoi 
TjfAtbv fAuXXov av ngoeXotxo %ov pr) ddixovvxog ano- 
yyyiaaad-ai tag ovx adtxti, % tov adixovvxog xaxa- 
yrjipioao&ai ug adixti • oHov eV tig q>ivyei dovXelag, 
r\ av$go<poviag. Tovnov yap kxdaxov ovrcav, a xa- 
T nyoQ& avruv, itaXXov av anoynyioaod at iXwfit&a, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECT10 XXIX. PR OB L. 12-13. 250 

ij (A.ri ovxtav xaxayri<piaao&ai. "Eoxi ydg, oxav xig 
afKpidoSfi , id iXuxxto x&v dpagxijpdxav algsxiov. 
Jeivov ydg xal to, xov dovXov, wg iXtvdtgog ioxi, 
ttaxayr&vai* noXv dsdsivoxtgov, oxav tig xov iXev&£- 
gov wg dovXov xaTa^qp/cjijTcx*. "Eti de, iavbpiv tu- 
Xji iyxaX&v , ode dpcpLa^x^v vnig bxovovv, ovx 
evfrvg olope&a deiv dnodovvai %(a iyxaXovvxi, uXXd 
vipeo&at \bv xexxrjpivov , ewg av xgt&jj. liv ot- 
xbv 6e xgonov xal inl x&v nXeiovtav, oxav tootSy xo 
nXiq&og, xav te qpaoxovxwv adixelv xal xwv pr\ 6/ao- 
Xoyovvxtov* woneg oxe i$ agxyg 6 pev ivtxdXei , o di 
anr\gveixo, ovx oiope&a deiv top vopodexyv ngoo- 
iid-ivai t$ iyxaXovvxi } aXXd %hv qpevyovxa xvgiov 
tlvai, i(og av vnegox^v %v»a %xjj 6 adixatv. 'Opoitag 
de xal inl Jwy xgixwv, ineidr\ ovdspiav vntgoxyv loa- 
ad-ua&v t<Sv ipriqxav, xaxd xwqolv elaasv b vopo&ixrig 
%Xuv* ^ > En de ray pev dSioXoyav apagxijpdxwv, pe- 
ydXaixal al xoXdaeig tlolv. "flare ddixag [/U£)]xa- 
?aipy<piaapivoig xal prj yvovoiv, ovxeoxiv inavog&ov- 
o&cu xaigovXafiovxag* dnoXvoaoi denagd to ngooij- 
icov, u pev ovicog evXa^wg, wgte pydev It* noxi 
apagxetv, xl av xal piya ypagxyxoxeg ol xgixal tl'i} - 
aav, xotovxov av&ganov dnoXvaavxeg &avdtov; ES, 
d In £| vaxigov dpagxdvei, di dpq>6xega av avxbv 
rvv xoXd&o&at, «|tot. *H It* ddixaxigov pev ioxiv 
avdgbg xavxa ddixelv, a r\xxov elxog iaxiv ddixmg 
iyxaXeia&ai ; To pev ydg ddixeiy , xal di ogyriv xal 
diet qpo/W, xal oV im&vpiav, xal di aXXa noXXd yi- 
VBtaij xal ov povov ix ngovoiag • to de ddixag iyxa- 
Xuv, itg imxonoXv ix ngovoiag iaxiv woxe irtilloui 

K2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



200 A HIST. PROBLEMATA. 

al tpyyoi ysyovaai , %o ds adixag icv iyxa- 
Xovvxa iyxaXuv, xal xbv cpsvyovn* ddixelv , q>avXov 
xgi&ivxog xov ddixcog iyxaXovvxog, xbvixav tot <pfv- 
yovTi o vopo&ixrjg anivBifiSK, *'Exi dc xal aviol 
olixag txoptv ngbg xovg &sgdnovxag y (5<j« btav vno-_ 
nxsvatopiv Tt ctviovg fipagxrixivat xal fiijdiv Axqi- 
fiig i'xojfisy, <dXX' optag avxovg vnoXafifldv(o t usv 7«- 
TTQaxerai, ovx sv&iig snl xb xoXxx&tv igxofit&u • xul 
day fiti&iv fiaXXov dvv6[is&a Qstdaai, acpUfitv xa u- 
xyg xijg all lag. "Exi psl£a) fisv ddixst o ix ngovolug 
udixiav ,rjbfir} ix ngovolag. c O fisv dy avxoyav- 
t&v y dsl ix ngov6iag adixsl' 6 ds stsgov xi cttfrxcoi', 
xd (isv, 8t dvdyxrjv 9 xd ds, di dyvoiav • xd de, onwg 
txv%sv ddixsiv afocji ovftnlnxsi, "Oxav ds loai yi- 
vmvxai al ip7J<pov, b fih duoxtov , xtxgixai vnb tcuk 
fjfjitasoiv 4k TtQOVolag dduxtiv b ds cptvyw, vnb xup 
Xommv av ddixsiv fisv, ov fiivxo* [/«] ex ngovdtag. 
"Jldxs ins} ddixslv fis'iCw xsxgixai o diwxwv xov qpsv- 
yovxog, slxoxtag b vofio&ixrjg vixavsxgws xbv xd 
iXaxxta ddixovvxa. "Exi Ss dsl nsv dtiwtoxsgog ioxiv, 
o fifi oiofisvog Xav&dvsiv oV ddixst, xal opuag ddixmv, 
*} b olofitvog Xav&dvsw • b fisv yag ddixcog xivt iyxa- 
Xiov, ovx old a i Xav&dvsw xovxov ov avxoqpavxst • ol 
d' aXXo xi ddixovvxsg , wg inl to noXv olopsvoi Xav- 
■O-dvtiv bp ddixovaiv, imyztgovaiv ddixsiv, "jlaxs 
adixwrsgoi xgivowxo av ol ditnxovxsg, i] ol (psvyoyxsg. 
— : 14. diaxi noxs, idv fiiv xig ix (laXavdov xXi- 
¥?l> V i* naXahxgag , ?} 0; ocyogag, rj Tcay xoiovxtav 
nvbg, &avdzo) gtj/uovraf idv di xig i$ oixlag , di- 
nXoly xyg d^iag xov xXsppaxog anoxivsi, M ff fo* h 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXIX. PROBL. 13—14. 261 

jib tatg olxloug , cpvXa^cu onwoovv iari; xoii yag o 
idixog ioxvgbg xal xXsig iari, xal olxhaig Totg iv ti} 
olxla naaiv impsXsg iotiv, Snag o(o£^Tai tot ivovxa. 
*Mv 6i tw Palavtlop, xal iv totg ovxto xoivoig ovatv 
wansg to fiaXavslov , gadiov t£» povXofiivw xaxovg- 
ysiv. Ovdsv ydg loxvgbv tyovoi ngog %i\v qpvXaxrjv 
ol u&svTtg, aXX? % to avrwv opfia. "jloxs av povov 
xlg TKxgot^Xiyjjj , inl Ttj> xXinxovxi f]dr\ ylvnai* dio b 
vofio&STrjg ovx ixavovg bvtag 7\yi]adpsvog thai q>v- 
Xaxag, tov vopov avxdtg iTtsotrjotv dntiXovvxa o(po~. 
dg&g, ag ov Piwooiiivovg idvxioysTsglSavxanwv &X- 
Xoxglaiv. *'Eti ds, sig (isv ttjv oixiav inl t« xsxvq- 
psvta ioxlv ov xiva av ^ovXr^xai slgdixw&ai , xjul oi 
pr] moxsvsi sloysqia&ai' tw ds iv tw ftctXotvsla #c- 
(Asvq ti, ovx z&gtiv ov&iva xwXvoai oiis sioisvat, 
ovte slosX&ovxa (it) 7UXQU xXinxr^v to avxov ipdxiov 
■dio&ai, unodvvxa av ccXXl ag ov ftovXsTai, iv xat 
alxw % T€ tov xXimov io&rjg, xal r\ tov usXXovTog 
itnoXXvvou, dvaptpiypsvaixslvxai* Jib b vopo&sxrjg, 
to> psv kxovxi tlgdsZotfiivig tov xXintriv , xal avxla 
TjfxagTrjxoti, ov Xiav psydXaig xiptoglaig j3s^of]^-7jxs • 
T0T5 ds i$ avdyxrjg xoivtavovoi trig rig to fiaXavziov 
iloodov #ou jrjg dvapiUwg , ptyuXag Tipagiag q>ave- 
gog ion xa&ioxag Tolg xXinxovoiv. "Eti ds , oi piv 
iv Toig oviw xoivoig ovoi T(p ^ovXofisvto tijiivat xXs- 
nxovTsg, xotTOHpavilg outaoiyivovTca oTupavsgoi tioiv, 
"jIots nsgiysvoptvoi, ovds xagmapov I't* x a Q lv inisi~ 
xslg slvai doxnv pcvXovTiu • wg \kOLTir\v avrolg ov, 
ngbg xovg yvovtag TtXaTuad-at oti initixug slat. ICa- 
Taqpavwg ovv ffir^ novr\go\ diaTsXovoiv ovteg, Oi tie 



262 AR1ST. PROBLEIMATA. 

hvl povta (parsgol ytvopsvoi , ngbg xovg aXXovg im~ 
/tigovai inl&tiv, anoxioavxig xi, ontog py xarayavtiQ 
nvxovg 7toi*joT], Jib ov navxeXwg ay ehv noyrj^oX 
dia xtXovg* av& tay o vofiodixyg iXaxxto avxdlg xa 
fTn^rj/na £nolr\at. **Exi 5e , xav a/xagxiiov (idXtoxa 
aiaxvvovoi xr\v noXiv al iv xolg xowoxdxoig avXXo- 
yoig xs xal ovrodoig yivofitvai' wansg xal Tipijy 
qpigovai noXv fidXiaxa al iy xa xowm tvia^lau Ka- 
xayavtig yag pdXioxa dia tay xoiovxav,, xal avxolg 
xal xolg aXXoig. Svftflalvti ovv ov fibvov Idla xbv 
dnoXioavia pXaTtxso&ai ix'xuv xotovxwv xivbg, alia 
xal ngbg xyv noXiv Xotdogitxg yivto&ai. Jib xal 
xbv xXiipavxa xalg fisi£o<Jt tyfilaig ixoXaos, xwv £$ ol- 
xiag xivbg dqptXofiivciv, *En di, xal o £$ oixlag xivbg 
anoXiootg, iy tw tolovtm xbntn xvyxdvn air, o&ev $a- 
diov h^xb na&ovxa, [itjxs xXsvao&tvxa vno xivav, of- 
xoi ovxot xb axvxyfia q>iguv. Tw ds , ovx en, on r\ 
anoxtagrjoig igyddrjg ytyvfiv(afih-(if* ngooixt dsxXtvd- 
&o&ai vno xivwv vndgxn xolg noXXolg • o noXv dvo- 
Xtgioxegov ioxi xyg anaXsiag. Jib xal 6 voiio&ixqg 
ft$i£ovg avxolg S^ftiag iviygaiptv. "Exidi naganXrjoia 
xovxoig noXXd yalvovxai vsvo[io&txr)x6xt$ • olov xa* 
iav fiiv xtg agx^vta xaxwg tlntj, (itydXa xa imxifiia • 
tav d£ xig Iditoxrjv, ov&iv • xal xaXmg. Olexai yaQ 
xoxs ov povov tig xov agxovxa Hafiagxavtiv xbv xa- 
xtjyogovvxa , dXXa xal tig xr\v noXiv vftgigeiv. Tov 
■vxvToy de xgonov xal xbv iv x§ Xifiiyi xXinxovxa , ov 
itovov xbv idiwxijv ftXanxsiv, dXXa xal xijv noXiv al- 
vxvveiv. 'Ofiolug de xal iv xolg aXXoig , ov xoirj] 
*ou vvvsgxoiitda. — 15. Jijt xlivxolg dtxaoxtigioii 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXIX. PROBL. 1. 263 

iavloou yivavxaiyjijcpoi xdtg avxidixoig, b qtivytov vixy; 
M Jf oxi o <psvy<ov vnb xov duoxovxog ov&h ninov&tv, 
dXX* iv xotg I'aoig avxw ydy BfxsXXe vixiiv; — 16. Aia 
xlinl [xiv xXonjj &dvaxog f) £r)(iiof inl 5s vfigu, ju«/- 
fov* ovatj adutlcc, xlftyoig, xl XQV n<x&&v V dnoxloai; 
"lldiou to (lev vfigKeiv, dv&gdmvov iaxi nd&og, xal 
ndvxsg nXiov rj eXaxxov avxov psxixovai • xb ds xXi- 
nxtiVy ov xavdvayxaiiov; Kod oxi 6 xXinxuv imxug&v> 
xal vfigl&iv av ngoiXoixo» 

SECTIO XXIX. 
*0<ta rttgl cpgovtiaiv xal vovv xal ooylav. 
"Aid xl ndvxtg oooi nzgixxol ysyovaaiv dvdgsg, rj 
xaxd q*iXooo<piav , if noXixixrjv, r} noir\aiv , tj xixvctg* 
qialvovxaifjisXayxoXixolovxeg' xal ol ftiv ovxag, wax* 
xal Xotfipdveo&ai, xolg dnb [nzXaivr\g\ x ^%? «^ w ~ 
axrjfiaaiy; olov liyixai xiov xs rjgta'ixuv xd nsgl xov 
'HgaxXia. Kal ydg ixuvog touts yevb'o&cn TauT^? 
xyg q>vot<og, Ai o xal xd dggatoxijfxaTa xwv imXri~ 
nxixtav, an ixsivov ngooijyogsvov oi dgxatoi Ugav 
voaov* xal y nsgl xovg naldag txoxuoig , xal ij ngb 
xyg dcpaviamg iv Otxfjxwy IXxwv exyvoig ysvoftivtj 
xovxo dqXol. Kal ydg xovxo yivixai noXXoig ino 
[itXaivTjg xoXijg. Zvvs^rj ds xa* Avadvdgo? x$ Ad- 
xwvi ngb xfjg xtXevxyg ysvio&ai xd iXxr\ xavxa. En 
ds xd ntgl Ai'avxa xal BsXXegoqpovxrjv • wv b [asv, 
ixoxaxixbg iyivsxo navxsXwg, b dk, xdg igripiag idiw- 
xs • di o ovxcag inoiijosv c 'Oftr}gog • 

Avxdg iictl xal ovxog ' in^x&tto ndoidsdlaiv, 

"flxoi b xannediov xb *AXr\iov olog dXdxo, 

"Ov dvfibv xaxiCoiv, ndrov dv&gwnwv dXsthwy. 



204 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

Kal allot, di noXXol xwv ygcocov ofioiona&stg yctfoov- 
tai xovxotg. Tav di voxigwv, 3 Eft7iedoxXi]g xal nXd- 
xav xal ^wxgdxrjg , xal eisgoi avxvol xwy yvagipcwm 
"Ext, di twv nsgl xr\v nolv\oiv oi tlIuqtoi. JlolXolg 
(tiv ydg twv xotovxwr , yivovxai voorj/Liaxtt anb xijg 
voiavrrig xgdatoag tw oripaxi. Tdig di tj <pvaig 
dyXtj Qinovaa ngbg xd nd'&fj. lldvxsg d* ovv 
(a>g tinny ajtXatg} tial, xa&dnsg ilex&V* toiovtoi tijv 
cpvaiv. Au di Xafttlv xr\v aixiav, nqvixov $nl naga" 
dsiyfxaxcrg ngoxeigioapivoig. c O ydg olvog 6 noXyg^ 
paltoxa cpalverai nagaoxtvdZ'.iv xoiovxovg, oXovg 
Xiyopev xovg psXayxoXixoig tlvcti , xal nXiiaxa iivfrrj 
noiuv ntvofisvog, olovogyiXovg, cpiluv&gwnoug, iliyr 
fiovag , Ixafxovg* dX£ ov^l xb fxili , ovdi to ydla, 
ovdi xb vdag , ottf' aXXo xuv xotovxtov ovdiv. 
"idoi d' av Tig oxt navxodanovg dntgyd&xai, 
^fWfwv wg [iSTotftdlXu xovg nivovxag ix ngoaaywyw' 
nagalcxftwy ydg dmipvyfiirovg iv iw vrjxpsiv xotl oua- 
nylovg, [iixgip fiiv nXsiiav nod tig , XotXiaxigovg nouT. 
Ext, dinltlwv , faxogixovg xai daogaliovg' ngoiovxag 
di y ngbg xb ngdxxuv ixctfiovg. *Exi di fidXXov mr6- 
ptvog , vflgiaxdg • I'neiicc ficcvixovg. Alav di noXvg, 
ixXvu xal noitt fiwgovg, coon eg xovg ix naidatv im- 
Xymovg, fj xul tyopivovg xoig fisXayxoXixdlg ayav. 
Slantg ovv o tig av&ganog {israfidllei xo y&og nl- 
yfav nal xgwpwog tw otvcp noouj xivi, ovxgj xa& Ixa- 
oxov xb y&og tial xtvsg avdgianoi. Oiog ydg ovxog 
fis&vav vvv i<ntv, aXXog xig xoiovxog q>vou iaxi' b 
t*&> Xdlog' b dt, xextvijpsvog * o di, dgidaxgvg • noul 
ydg nvug xal xoiovxovg. ji S xotl "Oftrjgog inolrjat' 

Digitized by GoOgk 



SECTIO XXX. PROBL. 1. 265 

xal fii q>r\ai ddxgv nXvvav fopagrjfiivov olva, Kal 
yag iXsrjfiovig ttotb yivovxai , xal aygioi xal aiani]- 
XoL "Evioi ovv dnoownwm, xal fiaXiaxa twv peXay- 
%oXixuv oooi ixaxaxixoL Hoiii di xal g>dijuxovg 
6 olvog, ^rjfietov di, oil ngodysTav 6 nivtov xal tw 
crtdfiati (fduv, ovg vrjqHav ovd* Sv tig tpiX-qouBV , ij 
did to sldog, ij did %r\v yXixiav. *0 fxiv ovv olvog, ov 
itoXvv xqovov noiti ntgnxov, aXti oXiyov q di cpvoig, 
del, scog tig av y. Ol piv yag, &gaoug • ol di, oita- 
TrrjXoi' ol di, iXerjpovsg' oi di, dsdol yivovtai qpvosi, 
"JIots drjXov oxi did to avib noisi, o , tc olvog xal ?; 
cpvoig exdoTov to rftog. HavTa yag xaxsgyd&Tai 
tjj dtgpo'tTiTi laixiEvofisvcc, c> 0, te di xvfibg xal n 
xgdoig r\ trjg (isXaivrjg %oXijg nvtvpauxd ion. Ai o 
xal id nvsvpaTadr) nd&ri xalta vnoxovdgta, psXay- 
XoXixd oi iaigol opaoiv elvai. Kal o olvog di nvsv/ia-* 
twdyg xr\v dvvafiiv* dib dy ion jqv qtvaiv ofiota , o, 
tb olvog xal ?; ngdoig. ArjXol di on TtvsvfiatoidTjg 6 
olvog iotiv , o acpQoc. To piv yag eXaiov, d-tgpov 
ov, ov noist dg>gov • 6 di olvog , noXvv , xal paXXov 6 
(isXag tovXsvxov, on&sgporsgog xal ocopaTtodioTS- 
gog. Kal diet iovto 6 , tb olvog aqpgodiaiaoTixovg 
antgyd&Tai , *a* og&wg z/iovvaog xaVAcpgodhr} Xi- 
yovxai fin dXXrjXwv tlvai' xal ol [isXayxoXixol ol 
nXsiotoi Xayvoi ualv. °0, ts ydg d^godioiaofibg, 
Ttv tvfiaiiod 7] g. Htjuuov di, to aidotov, wg ix (aixqov 
xaxsiav noiuxai t?;v avStjaiv did to ificpvouo&cu' xal 
It* Tiglv dvvao&ai, TtQo'L'ea&ai onigfia, ylvstai Tig 
fldovrj inl naiolv ovaiv/oxav iyyvg ovtsgTOV f}Pav,£vtov~ 
TaiTa aldoladi axoXaoiav. rlvtiai di df\Xov, diaTo 

Digitized by GoOgle 



266 AR1ST. PROBLEMATA. 

nvtvpa dtt$tivai did xwv nogav , dt mv voxtQov rb 
vygbv q>igcxai* jj xs sx^voig xov onigfjiaxog iv ralg 
opdiaig, xal »; gtyig vnb xov nvtvpaxog w&ovvTog 
yavsgbv yivso&ai. "flats xal xmv idsofidxav xal ttotojv 
tiXoynag xavi iaxlv dqpgodtoiaoxixd, ooaixvsvpaxwdri 
xov nsgl xa aid 61 a noiu xonov, Ai o xal 6 piXag 
oh os, ovdcvog fjxxov xoiovxovg anegyd&xai , olot xal 
ol ftcXayxoXixol nvsvpaxwdtig. JijXoi d* dolv in 
hioiv. 2xXrigol ydg ol nXslovg xcov ptXayxoXixaiv, 
xal at cpXsfisg ftixovoi. Tovxov £' alitor , ov xb xov 
aipaxog nXrj&og, aXXa jov nvivfiaxog. Jion di ovdi 
ndvxsg ol peXayxoXixol axXrjgol , bids piXavtg , &\$ 
ol (tdXXov xaxoxvpoi , aXXog Xoyog • mot ov de IS ag- 
Xyg 7iQonX6fis&a dieX&eif, oxiiv xp opvon $v&ig xoi- 
ovtog xvpbg 6 fisXayxoXixbg xegdvvvxai* -&eg/jov 8s 
xal yvxgov xgdaig iaxlv. *Ex xovxcov yao xtov dvoft 
i) cpvoig ovvioxrjxs. Aio xal r\ fiiXaiva xoXrj xal &eg- 
fioxaxovxal yvxgoxaxov ylvsxai. To ydg avxb ltd- 
axuv nicpvxs xavx apqxn, oiov xal xb vd(ag ovipvxgov 
ofMag idvlxaviog &sg(iav&jj, olovxb £iov, xijgopXoybg 
aixrig &tgft6xtg6v iaxi- xalXi&og xal aidrjgog did- 
nvga ysvopsva , fidXXov &sq/hu yhsxai av&gaxog, 
ipvxga ovxa (pvoei. EVgrjxat ds oaqpioxsgov negl tov- 
twv iv xolg negl nvgog. Kal y x°^h $* V piXaiva 
(pvosi ipvxga, xal ovx imnoXaiog ovaa, oxav psv o5- 
xtag hxji dtg ti'gflxai, idv vmgpdXXj} iv tw otifiaxi, 
anonXrj^lav, r\ vdgxag , % d&vfiiug Ttoiu, % (poftovg 9 
iav ds vntgd sgfiav&ji , xdg ptx tpdijg si&vpiag , xal 
txoTctoetg xal ix&otig kXxuv, xal aXXa xoiavta. Toig 
l**v ovv noXXdig anb xrjg xa& fjfiigav xgoyijg iyyi- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXX. PROBL. !. 267 

vopivj] , ovdev xb 7\d-oi noiii diaqpogovg, uXXct povov 
voarjfid xi psXayxoXixbv aixtigydoaxo. "Oooig de iv 
%r\ q>vau ovveoxri xgdoig xotavxrj , tl&vg ovxoi t« 
jl&rj yivovxai navxodanol , aXXog xax aXXrjv xgdoiv • 
olov> oaoig fih noXXi\ xal yvxgd ivvndgxn , voo&gol 
nal fitogoi * oaoig de Xiav noXXi] xal d-egprji pavixol 
xal evopvetg , xal igaxixol, xal evxivrjxoi ngog lovg 
•frvpovg xal xdg im&v plug* eviot de, xalXdXotfidXXor. 
HoXXol de xal did xb iyyvg tlvai xov v 02 gov xonov 
trjv &egft6xr}xa xavxriv , voorjftaoiv dXloxovxai pavi- 
xdtg, 1} iv&ovaiaatixolg. "O&ev SifivXXai xalBaxtdsg, 
xal oi ev&soi yivovxai ndvxeg , oxav pr\ voorjpaxi yd- 
vtovxai, dXXct qpvoixfj xgdosi. Magaxbg di b 2vga- 
xovoiog xal dpfivwv i\v Ttoirjxrjg, ox ixoxairj. c 'Oaotg 
d y av ijravd-fi xv\v ayav &sgfi6xrixa ngog xo fieoov, 
ovxoi fisXayxoXixol piv eiai, ygoviftwxegoi de, xalv\x- 
xov fih exxonoi, ngog noXXd de diacpigovxeg icov aX- 
Xodv, 0% [iiv, ngog naideiav • oi de, ngog xixvag* oi de\ 
ngog noXixdav. noXXyv de xal elg xovg xivdvvovg 
noieX diaq>ogdv jj xoiaixrj "Zig, xov ivioxe dvwfidXovg 
elvai fiiv xotg qpofloig noXXovg w dvdgwv. c Jlg ydg 
av xvx(oaixo ov>fta exovxeg ngbg %v\v xoiavxr\v xgdoiv, 
diayigovoiv avxol avxwv • fj de fieXayxoXixtj xgdaig, 
atgneg xal iv xa7g voooig uv(Op.dXovg no id , ovxco xal 
avxi] dvapaXog ioxiv bxe fiev[ydg'] yvxgd ioxiv wa- 
nsg vdtog' bxe de, deg/irj* Soxe (pofisgov xi oxav eio- 
ayysX&y , idv piv yvxgoxigag ovorig xrjg xgdasag 
tvxv* fitdw iroiti. IIgo(odoJi$7Tolr}X6 ydg t<5i (po/Hcp, 
xa} o cpofiog x&xaipvxti. Ar^Xovoi da ol neglq>o^oi • 
rgifxovoi ydg. 3 Edv de pdXXov degpy, tig xb pixgiov 

Digitized by GoOgle 



268 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

xatiornotv 6 (poftog, xal iv Tavrw, xal una&y. 'O/iofog 
de xalixgeg tag xa%? tiftigav d&vfiiag* noXXdxig ydg 
ovtag %zohvp , ware Xvm7o&ai • i(p oiy de , ovx dv 
txot^Liv tineiv oxe de ev&vfivtg' 4q> wi', ov dyXov* 
Ta di) toiavta nd&ri xal td naXaid Xex&ivta , xatd 
fit* 11 pixgbv ndai yivsxat. Jlaai ydg fiipixxai u 
tr\g dwolgASwg. c Oooig d* tig fid-frog , ovxoi 3' rjdt] 
noioi tivig sioi td r}&7j. c Slaneg ydg to eldog stegoi 
yivovtai, ov to) 7i go own ov %x* iv > aXXd tw notov t* 
to 7iq 6a oJTiov, ol ftiv xaXov, ol di aloxgbv, olds, /urj- 
&h txovtegnsQinov ovxoi de, fieaoi trjvqpvaiy ovxta 
xctl ol pkv ftixgd fisxixovxsg xijg totavtijg xoaacoj?, 
fiiooi eiolv ol de nXy&ovg, ijdtj avoftoiot xdlg 7roA- 
XoXg' iav fiev ydg oqpodga xataxogrjg fj y s$ig, [teXay- 
XoXixol uat Xiav • iav dd nong xga&aot, negttxoL c Pi- 
TTOvai d\ dv apeXwaiv, inlta ptXayxoXixd voar}f*axa, 
alXoi mgl SXXo ftigog tov oafictxog • xal xdlg ph, 
imXrjnxtxd anoafjfiaivsi • to7$ de, dnonXtjxtixa * aX- 
Xoig de, d&vftiai ioxvgal % cp6{3oi' rdtg de , &dggt} 
Xiav, olov xalldgxtXaqt ovvepaive x<u Maxtdovlag fia- 
oiXu. Al'xiov de trig toiavtyg dwapewg 17 xgdaig, 
onwg av I'xfj yv$mg te xal &eg^6tfjtog. Wvxgotega 
pev ydg ovja tov xaigov, dvodvpiag noul dXoyovg • 
di at x ayxovai pdXioxa tdigvsoig, ivloxe de xal 
itgeofivxegoig. JI0XX0I de xal find tag pe&ag dta- 
(p&elgovaw eavtovg, "Eviot de ttav fieXayxoXixwv h 
twv nottav d&vpcog dtdyovar afievvvpi ydg r\ tov of- 
vov -d-egpotrig trjv yvoixtjv -degfioxrjxa. To de&eg- 
f*e v to ntgl tov tonov, <w opgovovpev xa\ iXnl&fiev, 
*tout ev&vpovg. Kal did xovxo ngog to iilvup ug 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXX. PKOBL. 1. 269 

tiE&qv ndvxtg fyovoi Tigod-vfiatg , oxi navxag o olvog 
6 noXvg tviXnidag noul, xa&dnsg rj vsoxxjg xovg 
n oudctg. To ftev ydg fr)gug, dvosXitl ioxiv ^ di y«u- 
xrjg, iXnldog nXrigrjg. JSiol di xivtg oXlyoi, ov± nt- 
vovxag dvo&vpiai XafjijSdvovai, did xr\v avxrjv aixiav, 
di r]v xal fiexd xovg nbxovg ivlovg. "Oootg fiev ovv 
ftagotivofiivov xov dsgfjiov al d&v/uicci ylvovxai, piaX- 
Xov dndyxovxai. 4ib xal ol vioi jj [xa*J ol ngsoftv- 
xai paXXov andyxovxai. To piv ydg yygag, fiagai- 
vii xb &EQp6v • tow di, xb nd&og (pvoixbv ov, xal av- 
xb xb giagaivofisvov deopov. "Oaoig di ofievvvfisvov, 
4$aiq>vrig ol nXiioxot diaxgavxai kavxovg* ware &av- 
pu£eiv navxag, did xb prj&iv noirjoai or^ittov ngois- 
gov, Wvxgoxiqa fiiy ovv yivofievri i] xgdaig r) dnb 
x%g niXah^g xoXr t g , wonsg ti'gyxai, noisl d&vfiiag 
navxodanug' &sgfioxiga di ovaa, iv&v^iag. Aib 
xal olpiv natdsg, tv&vftoxsgoi* ol diyigovx&g, dvo&v- 
jioxtgoi, Olpiv ydg, -frig^to!' ol di, yjvxgol. To ydg 
yr\gag xaxdq>v$ig xig. 2vp(lalvudi opivvvo&ai'iSai-' 
€pvr\g vnb xs icov ixxbg alxiwv, wg xal nagd (pvaiv xot 
nvgm&ivxa, oiov dv&gaxa vdaxog imxv&ivxog. Jib 
xal 4x fjii&'»jg svioi kavxovg diaxgavxai, *H ydg dnb 
xov oivov &sg t uoxr}g , intloaxxog ioxiv • rig ofovvviii- 
vrig , ovftpalvH xb nd&og. Kal fisxd xd dcpgodujia 
ol nXsioxoi d&vpoxsgoi yivovxai * oooi di nsglxxmfia 
noXv ngo'i'svxai fisxd xov onigpaxog , ovxoi tv&vf*o- 
xsgoi. Kovcpl£ovxai ydg mgixxwpaxog xe xal nvtv- 
paiog, xal -d^gfiov vnsg^oXrjg. 'j&sivoi di , a#i>f*o- 
xsgoi noXXdxig • xaxaxpvxovxai ydg dygodiqiaoavxsg, 
did xb xwv IxavSiV xi dq>aigs&yvai. di\Xo~i di xovxo, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



272 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

'O f*ev ovv voug diet xavxrp xtjv alxiav , ngsofivxiyotg 
ova iv [ijfu*'] fiaXXov iyybsxai. Mav&dyofisv ds ■&&%- 
xov viMTtqoi ovxsg, diet xb ptjdiv nwg inioxao&ai. 
"Oxuv ds imoTwus&ctj ovx sxi bftoiwg dvvapt&oi. 4v- 
vdps&a ds sxso&ai, xa&dnsg xal pvripovsvoftsv ficiX- 
Xov , 01$ av itodtv ngwxov 4ytvy^av(0(isv. "Eneixa 
nQo'iovoijg xtjg rj^tigag, ovx Irt oftol<ag t diet to nok- 
Xo7g ivxsxvx^xsvai. — 6. /lid xi dv&qunqi natation { 
fiaXXov, % aXXa faSe> / JZoTSOoy woneg JlXdxav Tiso- \ 
xXu dnsxgivaxo , on doi&fiHV fiovov inioxaxai xwv | 
SXXutv [faW/] r t on -dsovg vopi&i novog; ij on /ii- 
urjxixt&xaxov ,• Mav&ixvuv yag dvvaxat did xovxo. 
— 7. diet t/ ov %aiooiitv •dstofitvoi ovds iXni^ovxsg 
oxi to xulyavov dvo og&dg i'aag e'xsi xag if xy ywvia, I 
ovde xatv aXXoav xwv xoiovxoav ov&iv, tl fiij xjj& eaglet; 
avxtj de opolwg iuxiv ydsta, xav tl xgioh og&cug, y 
nXsioaiv i'aag saxsv • a XX* on *OXvfinia ivixtofisy , xal 
nsglxi}g vavfictyiag xi\g iv 2aXafuvi, jjftf/oo^uw, xal 
fitfiv7}fiivoi xal iXni£ovxtg xoiavxa • aXXdfiy xavavxla 
xolg xoioviotg. "// oxi inl fib xolg xoiovxoig z a ^Q ' 
fisv , tig ysvopivoig i] ovaiv inl ds xolg xaxd (pvoi? 
wg xaict aXrj&siav xtswolag i}dovi]v , wg t#f * , (lovrp 1 
f}fiiv noisiv tag ds ngdSeig, xijv anb xtav avfxftatvov- ' 
%wv an aviwv. [Avofioiaty ovv ovowv twy ngd- 
ittav, xal xd anoftabovxu an aviwv~\ ybsxai, xd fib, 
Xvntjgd 9 xd dt, ydsa • qptvyofisv ds xal duuxuft&v xatf 
fjdovijv xal Xvnrjv anavxa. — 8. Aid xi fitxgi vysias 
noaypaxevovxai oi laxgol; ioxfabn yag- slxa it 
xovxov Irigaivn • slxa vysiav inoiyosv tlxa $vxav&* 
*oxij. Jioxsgov ovx soxt dvvaxov ix xovxov ysvsa&W 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO X.XX. PROBL. 5 — 11. 273 

iXXo* i) d dvvaxor, aXXyg imorrj/ifig, xaleoxai o tig 
il yydag notion ciXXo xi; El dy yivexai ix tav ivav- 
tiwv xal xuv (t$xa$v , drjXov on afggwoxu , % Srjgote- 
gog, rj vygoxtgog, % xi xoiovxov. JJoiet drj ix ipvxovg 
%xxov oq>6dga , xal xiXsov wdl <$sgfiOv , xal wdl tygov 
4] vygbv ptxa(la"ivov ix to>v ivavxionv , jj fiexa$v , tft>$ 
av sX&t] tig xo ovxwg tysiv , o yv xov vytaivtiw Ix xt 
xovxov ov niyvxtv aXXo xi ov, % xb usxa£v. Avvaxa* 
fxiv ovv noirjocu o e'xwv. c Jlg'yag yX-&£v , avaXvoai 
dvvaxaixal imX&eiv ov (ifjvjjye xixvy xovxov ioxiir 
ast yag (tiXxiov. "Jloxs oids aXXrj, ovxs avxy noiq- 
on i% vyiiag aXXo xi, Ovdiv yag iyivtxo, 5J to ivav- 
flov xovxov • tfnsQ % avxij imoxfipii. Ovx<a xal inl 
olxlag ovdev non}<msv av xovvavxiov * ovd* Vaxiv 
SXXt} jixvrj r\ ix tovxov t* no itjoo voa, nXrjv wgpigovg* 
olov ri oxvxtxrj, vnoSrjpa ix irgooxvpaxog. . '.#£ £xa- 
xigov yag yivtxai dixxwg, y ovvxi&epivov, f\ ep&iiQO- 
(tivov. — 9. (cf. 18, 5.) 4ict xi xov yiXoaocpov xov 

. gnxogog oXovxai diayigsiv ; n H on o per cpdoooyog, 
nsgl Tag Idiag onovdd£u * o 5e gyxag , ntgl xi fie- 
tixovxa • olov o (isv, xi ivxiv adixia • o ds, wg udixog 
o ditva • xal o piv , xi ij xvgavvig • 6 di, olov xi 6 xv- 
gavvog. — 10. Aiaxi ol Jiovvoiaxol xix^lxai , wg 
imxonoXv novygoi tlaiv *H oxi ijxioxa Xoyov aocplag 
xoivuivovoi, diet to mgl xag avayxaiag xexvag xo noXv 
fiigog xov @iov tivai , xal oxi iv axgauiaig xo nalv 
xov @iov tlol, xa de, [xat] iv dnogiaig; ap<p6xBga$k, 
qxxvXoTTjTog nagaoxsvaoxixa, — 11. Aia xi ol i% 
«?^??* T 5? ftsv xaxa [to] o&pa aytaviag , a&Xov xt 

"- itgovxalav, oocpiag Si ov&h l&yxav; *H oxilmnxug 
du xovg xgixag, a mtga diavoiav ioxtv , % pydsv x*i m 

AllIST. PROBT.. DigitizSvGoO 



274 ARIST. PROBLEMATA, 

(>ovi iiȴ dywyiaxujy hvcci, tj xotixxong; tl 3e sdti oo- 
(piet tovg noooTsvoviag dywyl&a&ai, xal d&Xov nool- 
xixctxxo , xgixay ay ynooovv avxr^g. 3 EtiI ds twj> yv- 
/tmxwv dyojvcjy , dnavxog iau XQlvai , t?J bipti [*6vy 
faaodpsvov* "Ext 8e o *$ doxrig xaxaexsvd&v, ovx 
ifiovXexo xoiavtrp dyaviav nqod-iivai xotg £XXi\oiv t 
i$ <af Bfxillov oxdosig xal ex&qcu ftsydXai Zoto&af 
oloy ol av&Q<anoi bxav rig rj ixxQi&rj , ?/ noogdex&y 
tig xifxdtv xaxd to owfia a&Xrjudxw, ov ndvxtj %aXs- 
niog <piQovoiv, olds tig I'x&Qav xa&ioxavxai xotg x@<- 
vovow vnio de jov g>govifi(otigovg rj pox&yQOisgovg 
slvai, tolg xoiyovat /ndXtoxa boyifayxaixal firyaya- 
xrovai. ^taaitodsg de xal fiox-d-rjQov to xotoviov iaxiv. 
"Ut* dk $ei iris iywlag xb d&Xov xotixxov sivai. *Mn\ 
(ih yotg xiov yvfivixwv d$lr\{iditov y xb d&Xov otl^rrw- 
XBQOVxal (tiXxtov xrjg dywvlag* aocplag dsxi dv a&Xov 
. (liXxtov yivoixo; — 12. Aid xi dXXo voei xal txoiu £v- 
■&QG)fTog pdXioxa ;*II oxt xwv ivavxiw fj avxr) im- 
oxripri; rj oxi b pkv vovg , noXX&v iaxiv r) ds ogehg, 
frog; c O (xiv ovv av&ownog x$ via xd TxXsloxa Cjji • xit 
di &i)oia bgiSu xal •d-vptp xal im&Vfiia. — 13- Aw 
xi qpQovipoi xivsg xxw/isvoi ov xQt&fi&roi diaxsXovot ; 
Jloxtoov oxt Taj t&H XQwyxai/ri did xb iv iXnidt ydij 

— 14 oxi tj ai'o&rioig xal r) didvoia tw ^of- 

fiHv xrjv ipyxh v ivsgyel* o xal r\ imaxrjf4.r { doxei tivai, 
oxt xt)v ipvxiiv Xaxrioi* Kivovpivrig ydg xal cpsgo^i- 
vye, ovxb alo&eo&cu ovxs diavoi}&jp>(u dvraxov. Jt 
o xal xd n&idict xal ol fis&voyxsg xal ol ftaivopevot, 
avoijxof did ydq nXri&og xov &so(iov xov ivvnaQ- 
Xovtog n. 1st en 7] xivijotg avxotg xal acpodgoidrtj avpr 
Pctivu • Xtjyovofjg ds xavTTjg iptpyovioxeooi, yivovxau 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXX. PROBL.11-14. 275 

'Atagdxov yag ovar^g xyg diavolag, ftdXXov iq>ioxdvai 

dvvavxat avxr\v , ot t iv tw xadtvdtiv ivvTrvia^ofit- 

*voi, loxafxiv^g xyg diavolag , xal xa&* oaov rjgtfiu, 

ovtigwxxovor fxdXioxa yag iv xoig vnvoig r\ yvx*l **- 

vniar ntgiiaxauivov yag xov -&tgfiov tx xov aXXov 

oco ft ax og tig xov ivxbg xbnov, tots nXtlairi xal acjpo- 

dgoxdxrj xivrioig vndgxti ' oix £ontg ol noXXolvno- 

XccftftdvovGi , [diet to] tors rjgtfttiv xal xa& avxrjv 

thai, xal (idXioia ott firidkv i'daaiv ivvnviov. 2vji- 

(laivti di xovvavxiov • did yag to iv nXtlaxfi xivrjott, 

thai , xal fzrjSe xaxa fiixgov j}gtfit%v , olds diavoti- 

o&cci dvvaxai. *Ev nXtfaxji ds xivf\ati , oxnv i\dmxu 

xa&tvdrj , tlxoxwg iaxiv ' oxi xbxs fidXiaxa xal nXti- 

aiov &tgfiov d&goi&xai tig xov tl'ow ronov. "On ds 

iv xfi xivqosi ovaot y *pvx*l, ov ftovov vnag, uXX* ovd 3 

iv xoig vnvoig dvvaxai diavosia&ai, xuxttvo otipuov 

iv yag xoig fttxd xr\v ngotaiv xwv otxiwv vnvoig, ?/x*- 

axd iaxtv iminviov bgixv. Toxs 5s fidXiaxa avfiftaivsi 

xivsio&ai avxTjv, did xrjv insiosvtx&tiaav Tooqpfj*'. 

To , ts ivvnviov iaxiv , bxav diavoovfiivoig xal ngo 

ofifidxonv xi&tfiivoiq, vnvog iniX&y. Ji o xal xavxu 

fidXiaxa bg&fitv, a ngdxxofttv, rj piXXofttv , rj (iovXo- 

fit&a. Jlsgl yag xovxatv fidXiaxa nXtiaxdxig Xoyt- 

Vfiol xal yavxaaiai imylvovxai* xal ol (SeXxlovg, (2sX- 

xito t« ivvnvta bgaoi dia xavxa , oxi xal ol iygrjyo- 

goxtg ntgl fisXxiovav diavoovvxcu' ol ds %tlgov rj xrjv 

dtavoiav rj to ooifia diaxtlfitvoi , jfc/oca. Kal yag >i 

iov owfiaxog did&toig , xal izgbg xt)v i&v ivvnvlav 

q>avxaolav ov(i/2Xi)xax6v. Tov yag voaovvrog , xal 

ai irjg diavolag ngo&ioeig qpavXai" xal It* did tqv 

it* tw odpau xaQct%i]v Ivovaav, i\. yvxy ov dvvatat 

S 2 

Digitized by GoOgle 



276 ARIST. PKOBLEMATA. 

i)y?Htiv. . Ol da (itXayxoXixol diu xovxo iSaxxovoiv 
iv xotg vnvoig, on nXtiorog xrjg &agfiaoiag ovar\g t 
fiaXXov xov fieigiov r\ yvjf?;.ly niveau, • oyodnouQag 
da xtjg xtvi}oeoog'ovGi}s t ov dvvotvxai xa-Qtvdsiv. 
SECIIO XXXI. 
"Oaa ntgl oydttXfiOx'q. 
din xi xgtyavrsg xbv by&aXubv , navofisd-a tc3v 
magfi&v/ II oxi ctrdnvoi} xavxjj yivaxai tw vygw; 5a- 
xgvsiyag b ocfd a Xfxb; (isxci xi}v xgtyiv o danxagpbg, 
diet nXii&og vygthv; i] ou tXctxxov degpov q?&aigatM 
vnb xov nXaiovog ; o da 6<p&aX(ibg xgup&alg, nkeiat 
Ictfipdyet &eg/i6xijxa [xrjg'J iv xjj gtvL Aik tovio di 
x«v xig avxijv xrjv giva xgiiprj, navtxai o 7iT(AQp6g. 
(cf. 33, 2.) — 2. Jia ti'tw EvIocp&aXjutp axgipaoxt- 
gov oqwolv, r t xdtv dvolv ; n H oxmXdovg ovaai xwri- 
oug , xdtv dvotv^ylrovxat* oiov rdlg diBaxqapfiavoig ; 
ovxovv (iiot % xlvyoig • jov da b>bg, anXtj. 'Hxxov ovv 
bgtooiv axgijSioxagov. — 3. Aw xi 6gyi£6(*avoi fjiiv, 
xovg ocpd aXfiovg [uxXiaxot intdidoaai ngbg to iqv- 
$gitjtv onozvvofiavoi da, t<* <axct;' y H diott, ol (xkv, x«- 
rayjvxovtai iv t?J aifro? } {iv bqt'&aXfioig yag aidag) 
xctl avTipXinaiv ov dvvavnu; xal i\ dttXia xaxatfnt£ig 
jig iaxiv, *Mvxuv&a da fta-d-iaxaxai tig xovvavxiov 
tw tftngoodtv xb omod-tv. Tot da coxa, uvxikzivxai' 
dt o xal fxixXioxa igv&giaoiv aloxvvoiizvoi, *Ev de tw 
xvrj&ea&txt, inlxb aia&rjxixojxtgov xal xtvrjnxojxsgov f\ 
Poy&aia wg adixovpavov. ^gfiovfiivotg y&g ivrav&a 
ixXsiTiBificiXioxa. — 4. Aia xi&axegov xaxaXijop&irxog 
o<f>&ttXpov,o ixegog uiavi£u fiaXXov; r Jldi6xi ixxavxov 
Vgrvjvxat al agxalxuv vq>&aXfioiv,' &axigov ovv xivov 

Digitized by GoOgk 



SECTIO XXXI PROBL. 1 - 7. 277 

pivrjg, xal o k'xsgog. Ar\cp&svxog ovv&axigov, tjx/- 
vijoig Ttivyoti avxor. "Jloxs dvvaxai axtvi£tiv pdX- 
Xov, — 5. 4td ii ol ix ysvfxijg xvcpXol, ov yivoviai 
opaXaxgol; *H oxt Xvpaivsi xa bfipaxa vygoxyg qvou 
izoXXt] iv tw negl xr\v xzcpaXr^v Tone*}; dl o xwv qsv- 
fiaxtxwv rig xovg S<p&aXpovg , xag xs nsgl xovg xgo- 
xdcpovg cpXefiag xalovai, nvxvovvxeg xovg jmv vygtov 
noQOvg , xal $vovoi xijv xtyaXrjv, dtaxipvovxsg xb iv 
aixjj degree. j J2jtsI ovv Xvpaivsi xovg b^d-aXpovg 
to iv avrtj Tisglxxwpa yivofisvov , xmXvot uv avxovg 
xaixb xovxo 4$ dgxyg yivto&ai, nXiov ovvioxdfisvov 

iv ttUT/i. 'li'TTft 5s ix 7IigiXX(tipdx<OV &Ql$ CpVSXai, TOV- 

io de iv ifi xav xvyX&iv xscpaXjj in ysvsxr\g ioxl TtoXv, 
rixoxmg ova rial cpuXaxgoL — 6. Aid xi oiiSoy&aX- 
fjLOi xanvi'£ovxai fxuXXov ; "// oxi xdxioxa ngoanlnxet 
ngbg xd ngoixovxa; — 7,^id xi rig pev xd dthd 
afKpoxsgag xdg oipsig ccjunc diaoxgicptiv dvvdfis&a, 
xal rig xu uqioxega xal ngbg xqv glva y xal rig xd 
dgiaxegbv ds % xo ds£ibv zi}v efigav • Spa ds rig xb 
agiaxegbv xal de$ibv, ddvvaxovpev; bpoiag de xal rig 
xb xdxoa xal rig xb avoa. *!Apa piv yotg em xavxb dv- 
vdpe&a, %aglg ds, oil. "Hon al otpsig , dvo ovoai, 
opolug i$ kvbg ovvygxrjvxat; ooa de xotavxa , axgov 
&axigov xivovpsvov , dvdyxt] &dxsgov axoXov&riv 
inl xb avxo. 7'w yag sxigco axgto^ agxh &axsgov axgov. 
JEl ovv xo iv d&vvaxov apa rig xavavxia xive?o&at, 
advvaxov xal xag oipeig. Tec piv yag ixxga rig xavav- 
xlot avxixivolxo , ri xb piv, ava ,xbds, xaxto xivolxo • 
7) dk agxrj , otficpoiv av axoXov&oiri • ontq ddvvatov. 
*If ds diaoTQOipT] iaxi xw bpiiaxoov, did xb dgxyv *xso> 
lag oxpalgag, xal pixgi xov oxgiqtso&ai rig xa avvt 

Digitized by GoOgle 



278 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

xal x«Tft) xal [tig] nXdyia. c 'Owv ovv \'xovoai wg a* 
<>poi<og %xoitv tfj &iou dXXyXaig, xal iv peao* tov inl 
16 Svtaxalxdxaxivuo&ai, xal tig nXayiov^inl tov 
aviov (jrifiuov kavx&v Xd^tooi xyv vipiv , avxaijie* 

iidlOCOTQOCpOL T£ Xtf* fldXlOta dxiVtfXOl xjj #SOet ^ OaCU 

dt #r# Tai'Toil aTjfielov Xtx/Swai tag oipeig , a&aaToo- 
901 fiiv eioi, diayigovoi de aXXijXav. Kalxoi xqvnxi- 
vat tov piXavog xi xal tolg avo) (taXXovoi ta. Xrvxa, 
olov fieXXinxagfior exegoi de, tig xb nXdyiov , wontq 
oi fiavixol' ol de, tig xovg [ivxxygag , a>Wo t« tqu- 
yixd ngooana, xal oluxgvyvoi' oivvovvydq to 
pXipna. "Oooi de (i^ opoiag xnfiivw xjav acpai- 
gwv inl xavxm aqptty frown tag oipsig, % ofioiagpev 
xeifiimv, pr\ inl xw avxa de, ovxoi dieoxga^iivoi «- 
ot' dio vnofiXinovai xal avvdyovat toe ofAfiaxa. Jlei- 
gmvxai yog inl xavxov xaxaoxr\oai oxw** *h v o(pa"i' 
gar. "jloxs tov pey mat , tor de a/itfi«W?oi>(J* twv 
6<pO aXfibtv. 3 £av ydg {irj xai avib oi]fiHOV te&(ooiv 
al oysig, avayxri dnaxgdcpdai, "jloneg yaq tolg 
vnofiaXXovotv \yno\ xbv oydaXpor [to ev] dvo q>ai- 
rexai, (xal ydg ixtlvotg xexivrixai ydqxn) xaltovtoig 
oaolojg. 'Ear fxiv ovv «Vo> xivri&y o o(p&aXfiog , to 
nigag xdxto t?;? oyewg yivtxai' iav de xaxw } avta xo 
nigag. *Ev hi de 6<p&aX[i$ [xs&ioxapivtp, xiviia&w 
fxiv xo ogwfievov doxei did tavta avta i} Kara), oxi xa» 
-»/ oipig • dvo di ov yaivetai, iav pi) dvo ai oipeig o>oh 
xal diaatgiopei. Toiavxrj fiev iw hisgoq>&dXfi(p yive- 
xai, wore dvo yaivea&ai, • xaxcc xijv S-ioiv ds yivetai, 
TI ? (*V xaxd jieoov tov ofijiiaxog xuo&ou. — 8. (cf. 
15.p diet t« oi pvcomg pixQa ygdqsovaiv f'Axonov ydg 
r ov$ pi} oft* ogwvxag, noieiv tgyov 6$i> ogeSvxoiv. 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECT10 XXXI. PKOBL. 7 - 12. 279 

Hoxtgov oxi (izydXa qiaCvsxouxd pixgd idv i) iyyvg* 
©I de ngoodyovxeg ygdyovfftv ; rj did to ovvdyovxag 
ta filicpctga ygdqptiv; di do&eveiav ydg xi\g bxjJtag, 
fiv fih avanenxa/jivoig ygdqptaoi xoig o^tpaci, dia- 
onapivT) i\ oipig, d^ijSXv bgd. Ovxw ded&g6(ag7xgoo- 
nlnxu. rwviav de fiixgdv noiovaa , e£ avdyxqg 
ttolu fiixgd ygdcpur. — 9. Aid xl ocp&aXfiidoavieg 
eviot o^vxtgov bgwaiv ; "lldidxb dnoxsxafrdgdcn rot 
Sfifiata; noXXdxtg ydg f] 8?w nvxvbxv\g dnoaxiyei xtjv 
oipiv ' anodaxgvoavxi de Xvsxat. Aib xal to dnodd- 
xvtO'd'OU ovpyegei, oiov xgo/ifivov* -frdxegov de, noXi- 
fjiiov, oiov bglyavov. — 10. Aid xlxf} fiia otpsi arca- 
-&iotegoi; iy H dtori eXaxxov \\ ipv^r} ndox u > woxssXaT- 
roy to nd&og. — 11. (cf. 18. et 35, 10.) Aid xl xoig 
Ouaxafiivoig dvo cpalvtxai ; n fl dioxi ovx dcpixveixatinl 
to outo orjpHov exaxegov rwv bfifidxiov ?; xlvrjoig; 
&07IEQ ovv dvo bgav , to dig bgav oi'exat, t] ^vx^b 
"Ofioiov xal inl rav daxxvXtov xtjg inaXXd^eag • 
dvo yoig to ev doxet, fag dig dnxofxevi] evl. — 12. (cf. 
18. et 30.) Aia xl ov dia<pigovaiv at aio&rjaeig al iv 
ioig deholg twV dgioxegav , iv de xoig aXXoig naoi 
ygelxxw xa dt^id; Jloxtgov did ib e&og , oxi ev&vg 
ofioicog dfxcpolv i&t£6i*tda alj&dvto-d-ai; xd de de£id, 
tw I'&ei doxei diayegsiv insl i&w&tloiv , d^icpidi^ioc 
ylvovxai, *H oxi to (tet> aladdvio&ai, ndoxeiv xl iaxi; 
ta de de^id diacpigei tw noirjxixwxsga tivai xal ana- 
&iaxega xwv ugioxtgMv. — 13. Aid xl iv pev xoig 
aXXotg, xgslxxwxu de$id' iv de xalg aia&^oeoiv, opoia; 
*II dioxi, ravxa fiiv i&^bfie&a bfioiwg xax dfxq?6xsga 
tw I'^et; v Exi to fiev alo&dveo&ai, ndoxuv xl ioxiv y 
d* rc^v dt1;Mv dtaqpogd, x$ eig to noielv \a\ tigrona- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



280 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

cxuv. — 14. Aia il io yvtiva£so&ouaovfi<pOQOV7iQo$ 
ohuniow; *& on fygov noitl ib alfjia fj yvpvaola, 
womg xal to aXXo owfia ; f} ds Srjqotrig, oxXt}qvvti 
to dsqpa nav * Sots xal io inlty xoqij. Jib xal ol 
nqsapvtai ovx o£v oowot. Kal yaq twv ysqovtwv oxXri- 
godtqpa, Sfia ds xal qvoa. ''Slots imxaXvntstai y 
oiptfr — 15. (cf. 8.),^<« il ol fivansg (tUnovai fiev 
ovx oSv, yqdqpovoi ds pixqd; xaltoi to pixgor o|v 
fiksnovtog xu&oqav iotiv. *H dioti ao&tvi) 's'xovtsg 
ti]voifJtv, ovvdyovoi ta fiXiyaqa tig fiixqov; a&goa 
yaq i$iovou % oipig , fiaXXov oqa • avantntapsvov 
ds iov Ofipaiog, diaanatai. did usv ovv tv\v ao&s- 
vsiav , ovvdyovoi [tig fuxooi'] to @X£q?aqov * dia ds 
to ix fitxqov oca?, pixqbv peys&og oqwoiv. "Ooov dk 
ogtoai piyt&og, tooovtov xal yqdcpovot* — 16< dia 
%i o* pvionsg , ovvdyovtsg id ^Xicpaga oqwaiv ; H di 
ao&sveiav tiigoytcag, womq xal ol nqbg ta noqgco trp 
Xtlqa nqoodyovteg , ovtto xal id fiXiyaqa nqog ia 
iyyvg nq ootid tvtai wonsq Xtlqtx > Tovio ds noiovoiv, 
%va ii&qoatsqa rj oipig i$ly, dt iXdttovog i$iovoa,xal 
prj sifdvg 4$ avantntaiiivov du$iovaa diaonatai' 
ooy di tj nXsiav, (ititov* — 17. did ii "£ io «ia- 
yiov xivovoitbv oy&alfibv , oi qpaivstai dvoio sv; 
*H on inl trig avrrjg yivsxai yqafiprjg V aQX">' °* v0 
ds qpalvttai tavtijg (ittaftaXXovorig avn % xdtta. Elg 
ds nXdyiov, ovdiv diayiqsi , iav fit} xdtto xal avta. 
— 18. (Cf. 12.) [did] il °*e inl fiiv trig b'yswg iotiv 
wore qpuivsa&at, to sv dvo, av nag ts&toaiv ol oq>&aX~ 
(*ol ngbg aXXijXovg' inl ds ttav aXXcov alo&^asoiy 
ovx tat iv ; "il .iul 2nl tyg aqpyg yivttai tji i£aXXa£ei 
T«y daxtvXtav to sv dioy inl di tStv aXXavov yipstai, 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECT10 XXXI. PROBL. 12 — 22. 281 

ox* ovxe e$co unoxuvofuivcov ala&dpexai , ovde dvo. 
rivtxai, de did xovio , dioneg xal inl xwv daxxvXw 

UlUUTCU yOLQ X1JP OlfHV, 19. ^« Xl XOXJ fltP OcXXoV 

ocofiaiog xd dgiaxegd da&epioxegu* xwp de 6(p&aX[i(dP, 
oil, dXX* 6 ft (HO) g 6$v/Hoxixa p£v de$iu, tw noir^xixd eipott 
duxyegovoi* xm de na&rjxixd , ov diacpigovaip ,• al de 
oipsig, nct\hr}xtx<xi. — 20. did xi ir\ bipei ngbg fih 
xd aXXa dxepi^ovxeg, x&Q * du*wd-ii*s&a m ngbg de xd 
xXcagd xalnoadrj, olov Xdxava xal xd xovxoig ofioitx, 
(HXxiop i*H oxi ngbg pep xb Xevxbpxal fieXctp, qxioxa 
dvvdfie&a dxsvi'&iv (dfiyxo ydg Xvfiaivexai xrp oyip) 
xd dixoiavxa twv ^w^umtwv, fieaov l^ei xovicov. Aio 
fiexgiag xyg oipeug diaxi&tnevrjg , oidep Hadvpaxov- 
fifv avxji , fisXuov de diaxt&i(ii'd-a. Tax** de i'ocag 
xa&uneg inl xav ooofidxcop oyodgoxegop nopovpxeg, 
%iigov txofiiV xb fiiaov de , (teXxioxa diaxi&rjoi* xbv 
ctvxbv xgonov xal xijv oyiv, Ugbg pep ydg oxsgsd 
dxepi£opxeg, nopovfiep avxr\p • ngbg de xd vygd, j*ij- 
devbg avxi(pgdxxovxog, ov uianopovfisp. Ta de #ltt- 
gd, axeged xe fiexgiatg , xa* vygbv iv avxoig Ixavev. 
At o (SXocTTxei xe ov&ev , xal diapayxd£ei jrjp oipip 
ngbg xovxoig eivai, did xb xr\v xov XQW^atog xgdoip, 
avfifiexgov efcw ngbg xr\v oiffip. — -21. Aid xi xd pip 
allot, dfjicpoxigoig xdtg by&aXpoig fjidXXop bga\u$p' 
xo de ev&v xb inl xup oxixcop , tw IpI ngogctyopxsg 
ngog xa ygdpfiaxcc, fidXXop'xad-ogwfiep ; 'H dfMpoxt- 
gcu [iev al oipstg oVfAninxovoai , xa&dnsg XiyovoiP oi 
negl xd onxixd , xagaxyp nagexovotp ; intiddp de xfj 
fiia &tcogwfitP t ngbg evd-eictp xijp byjtp , wgneg ngbg 
xoipopoi , ftdXXop \<p€upexai\ xb ev&v. — 22. Aid xi 
o xctnpbg xovg ocp&aXfiovg pdXXov ddxv*i>i Hoxi fto- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



282 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

voi uo&syioTUTot ; del ydg t« tow tov oco/icctos 
daO-tvioraxa. 2vifisiov ds , or* xal to o$og xal t'xa- 
otov tmv dgififrav , tijv /*«? 2$<w odgxct ov ddxveu 
%v\v ds ivtbg , oTt ao«fOT<xTi7 toi/ oafiarog , xat 
ftaXwi ixu* nogovg. Al ydg otyng did tivtav 
nogwv ixnlniovow. "JIots to cow drjxTixtaraxov 
dnb trjg aagxbg unoninTsi. 'Opoltog ds xal to 
yqouuvov, xal oaa &XXa ddxvsi tovg oy&aXiiovg. 
To ds sXotiov, fidhata t<3j> iyg<av t oti XsnTOfiegsaro:- 
tov * toiovtov 6° ov , sigdvvsi did xwv nbguv • to tf 
0I05, fr qxxgfidxM tfj aXXtj ootgxi. - 1 - 23. ^<« t/ o 
o<p&aXfi6g ftovov tov owficnog , do&svEOTcitog wv, ov 
giyol/'H otc nioav ioTiv 6 bqp&ttXnog, aagxbg dsov&iv; 
Ta ds toiai/ta, agiyd faxiv % oi ydg dy on ye nvg ionv 
ij oifJig, did tovto ov giyol, Ov ydg toioviov yt 
iarl to nvg, wars &fgfialveiv. — 24. did Tiddxgva, 
idv pev xXaiovxsg dcpiuftev, ^egfid iaxiv ' idv ds no- 
vovvTsg Tovg b<p&aXfiovg daxgvwfisv, yvxgd;' H on to 
(aev dntmov , ipvxgov* to ds mnffifiivov , &sg[iov; rj 
dsfiaXaxiaoXojg [7r«oaJ ildnsyictgiati* xal T&VTovg 
oqp&aXfiovg novovvTav dnsntov ion to daxgvov 
dib ipvxgbv. did tovto xal oi iargol oi'ovtat oii- 
fiiiov tivai [isydXyg vooov Tovg yjvxgovg IdgwTctg* 
Tovg ds &egpovg, Tovvavxlov anaXXaxnxovg, "Orav 
(isv ydg jj to nsgiiTbifia noXv , oi dvvatai to ivrbg 
■dsgfibv TTSTisiv * (woTfi dvdyxij ipvxgbv slvai •) oxav 
ds bXlyoVj xgaxu, rivovtai ds ix ttovntgiTTOdpaKOt 
ai aggaotiat,. — 25. didiinoTE svxivrjTtiJV ovraivtcbv 
deSi&v fisgajy f b b(p&ocXfibg b dgioTsgbg fidXXov tou 
dsSiov^ ovvdytrai,- "//on t« dgiOTsgd ndvTa iygon- 
oa twv dt$iwv ion,' td ds vygoxega, fidXXov ovvdyt- 

Digitized by GoOgk 



SECTIO XXXI. PROBL. 23 — 29. 283 

a#cu nicpvxsv * c7t« ug to dt$ibv fiaXXov anoTcXsif 
bvvouav tov agioTsgov dvvotfiivov xal aad- avTC. 
< — 26. Aiit %l ocfupoTSQai KtxTot ua&iveiar rivet tap 
6(p&od[i(ov diotxtifiEVOi , o , ts fxvoaip xcu 6 nosopvrrjg, 
6 tth iyyvg ngoodyu, av it PovXrjTai iduv 6 ds, 
nogga vLiiuyu ;*II on ovx ofiola fj oto&svHct nagins- 
tatavTolg^O (i& yocg ngfo/SvT^g, on Ideiv advyarog 
ionv, ov ixi) ovfintJiTH i\ oipig avtop, unoiyu to <#*«- 
fjsvov , cits xotl (idXiOTot piXXav oipso&oti • nogga b*s 
Ov(inl7Ttsi. € 5fi, avrb fiev 6 get ' nola ds xolXct, 
xotl noiot i$i%ovia tov ogwpsvov, ova en dvvcnai xgi- 
vuv , aXXa nsgl Totviot anaTocrai, Tot de xoUXot xotl 
io\ i^sxovTa , (xaXioxa t% otvyjj xghttoti. JJoggoj&tv 
fih ovv\ov)b*vvcnoini) otvyfj xctTotfiot'&s'ir, natgimpdX- 
Xei in\ to ogotziv iyyv&evds, fiaXXov xa% otcpavrig ion. 
— 27. Aio\ t/t«j> £(6(ov ctv&gomog % povov, ij paXi- 
OTa diotoTgiqjnou; "Hoti % [jiovov, >J fiaXionx iniXy- 

TtTOV 4v TJj Y£OTT}Tl yiVZTOll ' OTS XOtl dltt(JT()6(pSO&ai 

ovfipalvsi noioi; — 28. Aio\ ii ol otv&gwnov povoi 
-tm SXXodv £w<ov xa ofjfxaTa diaorgiqpovoi ; IIoTtgov 
dice to iXa%iOTOv dtaoTyfiot tivou twp bfAfiixnov , xotl 
in ev&elotg; wots tvdrjXov oqpodgct yivETou to pri xa- 
T(Qg\H»liivov • rj dion Toiv aXXcov (lovoxgoct tcc ofifiot- 
Toi ion (ioiXXov; u 5' yj>' sv xgtoftu ti tov bpiiatog, 
ovx rjv diaoTQocprj. V H dioTi fxovoi iv tta yivt^ini- 
Xijtitoi ylvovTai Twv Zwtov; yd* iniXtjiffig , dtotOTgo- 
cpyv no i si otvlv yivrixai } wonsg aou t&v dXXoavfjtogitav* 
al£ ivioig oipk 7r«y«Aw? yivtToti t] diotoTgoytj, oooig 
to aggtoOTrina. — 29. AuxTingbg tov Xv%vov xal 
Tigbg tov %Xiov 7tQOQTi]ann*voi ti\v yugot ngo tov 
<pmbg paXXop ogtifiw; "H on, to\ vnb tov i\Xlov 

Digitized by GoOgle 



284 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

xal Xvxvov qpwg ngoanlnxov pkv fjfi&v ngbg xr t v oipiv, 
aadsvsaxigav notti di vnsgpoXr\v ; q&eigsi yag ot- 
t« xal xa avyysvtj xjj vrtsg^olj}. Elgx&svxa ds vnb 
Ttjg xsioog, iw fisv oipiv ov Xvfiaivn • to 3e bgw/tsvov, 
oftoiwg ioxlv iv qxoxi. Al o i] (aev, fiaXXov dgli m to 
ds bgio^isvov , ovdsv ijrrov ogaxai. — 30. Aiu xi 
%slq psv xal novg dtayogccv I^ttoos xa df$ia [xal] 
xa aqiGxsga' opixuxa ds xal axor\ r ov ; *H oti t« 
oioixua xa iiXixgivi], udiacpogw iv ds xotg ix xwv 
axoixsioiv, V dia(poga ; avxai ds al a\o&r\oug sialv 
i$ uXixgivoov • fj fiiv oipig , nvgog • r\ d* axoy, aioog. 

S EC T I O XXXII. 

"Oaa neoi ojtu. 
Aia xixa (axa , ovxa avaipoxaxa tov irgoownov, 
oxav aioxwMvxai, Igv&gia fidXiota; [ct 12.) Hoxs- 
gov oxi sig to xsvbv fiaXioxa nogsveo&ai ns<pvxs xo 
dXXoxgiov vygbv ' wots oxav diaXv&fj vnb xr\g #eo|uo- 
xrjxog, *} yivziai aioxvvofjisvoig, ovvigxsxai sigxavxa ; 
*H dioxi inl xdtg xgoxdcpoig inixuvxai, sig ovg xo 
iygbv a&goi&xat, pdXioxa; a\oxvvopiv(av ds, tig xo 
itgooumov sgxsxai i] vygoxr\g' dib xai igv&Qiwoi. 
Tov ds nqoownov ijxioxa fid&og ix H ta wt«* xal 
(pvosi &sgfi6xaxa xal svxgoa , idv fir, anrigxr\fiiva 
noggoj&tv v tw i/jvxu • dib xal tvxgovaxaxov xwv iv 
tg> TfgootoJib) fioqiuv. Jloxs oxav oxedao&jj t) &sgfio- 
xtjg , (AuXioTa ininoXrjg ovoa, iv xovxoig noist igv- 
■d-Qiqiv. — 2. (cf. 11.) Aia xl xa Stxa iv xy &aXat- 
T H (vywxai xolg xoXv/ifSwot, ; Hoxsgov diet xo xaxi- 
X*iv xo nvsvpa TiXrjgovfievov (tid&xai; *H H xovt 
ai'xtov, h'dsi xal iv xcp asgi; ?} on fiij vnsixov , diaxo- 
nxsTui, &uttov, xal vnb oxltjgoxigov rj (laXaxov; To 

Digitized by GoOgle 



SECTIO XXXII. PROBL. 1-7. 285 

ovv ntcpvoijiisvov, qvtov iittlxu. Ta di (axa,wontg 
tigr\xai t vnb tov xaxixtad-at xb nvivpa ^cpvaatai, 
*Jloxtxbvda>g,oxXr}g6xsgov bvxov aigog, ngooninxov 
dtaxonxtt. — 3. Aid xiolxoXvfiprixal anoyyovg nsgl 
'(uL(hxu xaxadovvxai • *H\va t\ daXaaaa /5/a lovoa, 
fir] Qnyvvtj xd iaxa; ovTto (iiv yag, ov yivsxai, county 
tx<pTjt>r}(i£V(ov, nXrjgr}. — 4.^/t« il o iv totg wol Qvnog 
nixgog ionv; "lldioxi idgtog iaxi aangog • laity ovv 
dXfxtgbv oangov. To b*s oangbv dXfxvgbv, mxgov. 
— — 5. Aid xi ol onoyytig diaxifivovxat xd iaxa xal 
xovg fivxi^gag ; ™II onag ivnvovoxtgoi (uoi; xaviy 
yag t'Utvou doxii xb nvsvfux. 3 Avaxifivovoi 6s xavxa 
xal ngbg tvnvoiuv. Iloviiv ydg dq qpaoi (.ifxXXov 
avxovg iv xrj bvanvola, *nj5 fxr\ Svvaodai ngo'feo&ai 
&vga&* oxavdswomg iUgdo(aoi,xovcp!£ovxai. *'Aio- 
ttov ovv, il ny dvvavxai xvy%dvsiv dvanvorig, xaxa- 
ipvUoyg xoigiv • dX)? toixt tovto dvayxuioxzgov thai. 
*!/T f vXoywg o nbvog ttXuwv xaxixovoir, byxovfibvwv 
xal dicttfivofxivcov ; cpaivsxai de xal avxofioxog Tig 
tlvat cpogd xov nviv^axog !5a> • n ds xal slow } oxs- 
titeqv. "Iloixs di • ofioiwg [/«£>] avanvoyv noiovai 
zolg xoXv^ipi}taig Xip^xa xaxaqpivxtg. Ov ntfi7tXa- 
xai yag ovxog xov vdaxog , dXXd xijgu tov diga. 
Jli&xd (Hag yag y xud-ioig. 'Og&bv yag bxiovv na- 
gtyxXi&ev uggsi. — - 6. Aid xi tviot, xd wt« oxa- 
Xtvovxtg ($rjxxovaiv; ™H oxi inl xov avxov nogov xto 
nrsvftovi xal xfi agxrjglce i) axor\ / 2i]lihov Se , oxl 
ayanrigovviai xal ylvovxai ivtoi. Oeg^iaivofiivov 
ovv xrj xgiipu^ ovvxi}xexai inl xi}V agxriglav anb tov 
novov xdxto&sv vygov • o noiu xtjv fi)\x a • — 7. did 
tI to agtaugbv ovg S-dxxov ov^vtxat c5? inl to no- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



286 ARIST. PROBLKMATA. - 

iv, otav TQvnfi&fi, dio xul ai yvvouxtg to fit* Sggtv, 
to di dyXuxaXovoi twv anrwv. *!ff on xa agioTtga 
i rQ a *al &sw* paXXov ; av^vtxai 8s t« toi«i/t« 
luUiaia. J*o xa* fr yvroig Toig xXuQoie V ovpipv- 
aig. Kal t« twv viwv da %Xx n |>«Uov ayfiywa*] 

^ T« TWy KQWpvtiQW. 2W&™ 5 *' ? T * *W* ^T 

*ov, xuloXcag &i)Xvx<aTSQi* ™ agioxsgd. — 8. Aw 
Titmgpiv aioxvvoiiivoig, axga r* wt« imcpoiviaoe- 
tfff toig ds ogyi&nivoig, oi dydctXpoi; H on v\ 
fjitv aidwg, iv by&aXno~ig xotrdipv^g tig /ma q>ofov 
(ware flxoTW? anoXdnti to fagfibv Tovgoy&alpovg- 
X<ogit6ptvov 8s, ug tov dsxTixoTaxov (pigsTatTonov. 
ToiovTog ds, b iv Toig Sxgoig tw wto*. y*Q. 
aXXog, ooTudyg) ogygopevoigd^inavtgx*™'™^!' 
pov. MdXioTct 8s yivnou (pavegbv iv Toig cy&aX- 
ftdig, 8w TV xqootv ovaav Xevxyv. — 9. Aw no 
rixog 6 iv Toig coalv, iav Tig y>oq>no$, naveTcti; lion 
o pdfoy ifwyog tov iXaTTco ixxgovnai; — 10. Aw 
il iav elg to ovg v8(og iyx^h '&<*"»> ngooeyx/ovTcu, 
ov dvvafiivov tov ivtbg vygov iUX&iiv diaXXov 
vygov; IIoTsgovdid to imnoXng ylvta^airo sXaiov 
Tovvdarog, xal dw yXwxQOW" avT0vJx™& al ™ 
vdug i&ovTog tov iXaiov , iva ovv&r, to vdmg; V 
Xva oXia&qgov tov <x>Tog ysvopivoy, i&X&r} to vdug; 
to ydg sXaiov, Xuov ov , noiti oXio&ahsiv^ — 11* 
Aw tI fiTTOv t« c5t« qyyvvTaiToig xoXv^waiv ^ in> 
ngooiyxmw m ™ «*« sXaiov ^ ***™v (iiv gW yV : 
o&aiT<* anx, EigrjTm ngoTtgov i] aUla; (Cf. 2.) To 
8i h'Xaiov, iyxv&iv ug t« <ut<x, tt\v vwgov &dXcnT(tv 
oXio&ctivav 7roiH, xaO-aTisg inl twv e^w tov ocHttaToc 
oxtjufimbu. Toig aXyii/u pivot?. 'oXiOxhxivovoot ds, 



Digitized by LiOOgle 



SECTIO XXXII. PROBL. 8— 13. 287 

nXr\yr\y ov noitl elg to ivTog tov totog. Jioneg ov 
gyyvvoi. ~ 12. (cf. 1.) diet xixtov wtcov dvaificov 
qvtwv, (ACtliOTct oi aloxvvofievot igv&gioioiv; I Hexa- 
a tov ug to xevbv IxdoTov pdXioTa (pEQSToa; doxti de 
tov aluxvvopivov dvut -fregfibv (pegtod-ai to a\ucc. 
Eig ovp to xsvriiaTov tgv&giav novtl. To 5' alio 
tovto xal inl twv yvd&av. "En ds xal on XemoTa- 

TOV TO dsQfia TO TTSQlTSTtt/iipOV , flOcXlOTOi St] (fOttVS- 

rat di avid. — -13. did tL ovdtlg ^wOjUw/zsyo? to 
ovg oxaXtvtt;"H on, ots xmafiaToti^ S/xipvoaTtti xal r\ 
firiviy^, dt rig axovu; [orifiiiov #£•] ijxtOTa yag 
axouoi/at^aor/ucu^usvo*. To yag Ttviv^a , wonsg xal 
xaice.To ojofia, xul tig ia wia ivxbg nogevopsvov, 
i$a-d'uTtti ibv Vfisva, xal kwXvh tov xpocpov eloiivai. 
y Eav ovv oviatg fyovtog a\\>r\Tui Tr\g dxor\g ag oxa- 
Xtvuv, (idXioxa jSXdipsie* Hgbg itvnninTov yag fj 
7iXr)yrj ylvetai, xal ov ngbg vniixov to tov Ttvevpa- 
Tog ' to de degpa xal Tip nyviyya ayeaxdvai Ttav 
GTBgmv [dtjXov.T[ "Jlois novov fidXiOTa ovt<o noiu, 
xal Tgavjiantoi av. 

SECTIO XXXIII. 

"Oau 7liQl f*VXTtjQU. 

did ti o mcegfiog Xvypbv fjtiv navti, igvypbv 
de ov navti; (cf. 5 et 17.) *H dioxi ov tov aviov 
totiovto nd&og txdrsgov aX£ o ph igvypog, xoi- 
Xiag • 6 de Xvypbg, tov negl tov nvevfiova xardyvStg, 
xal dntipia nvevpaTog xal vygov; Koivwovai de oi 
mgl tov iyxeyaXov totxoi tw nvevfiovi, olov Tolg woL 
<Pavegbv di' afific yag iveol xal xomjpo* yivovtai, xal 
al voooi avwieguoxavTai al tov atog eig ja tov 
Trrsvpovog nddq. 'Evioig di oxaXeiovoiTo ovg, firj- 

Digitized by GoOgle 



288 ARIST. PROBLEMATA. 

%$g tyyivovrai. To de mgl tov Tixagvvpsvov totiov j 
drat Ti\g (wbg xoivtoviav T&i nvsvpovi, dijloT ij ava~ ! 
nvorj xoivy ovaa. c Sloxe nxdgvvxai fikv xhsgiiaiyo/ui- 
vov avxov • t«3 de ovpnaoxuv, b xdno Tonog, ev ©1 
iariv 6 Xvyfiog. C H de xtegpaoia nexxsi. Jib o$og 
is navti Xvyfibv, xal r\ anvevaia, iav rjgepaia y i) ' 
Xvyl. 'Ex&egpaiyei yag to nvsvpa xaxtyopsvov. i 
"Start xal iv toi nTagfita ^ avxixaxdoxtoig yevo[*£vr\ 
tov nvevfiaxog, to