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Full text of "Authority and the individual"

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frivolous; and it is not likely that the positive func-
tions of the State will be performed with vigour and
competence. It is probable that economic entomology
could bring in enormously greater profits than it does
at present, but this would require the sanctioning of
the salaries of a considerable number of entomologists,
and at present the government is of the opinion that
a policy so enterprising as employing entomologists
should only be applied with timidity. This, needless
to say, is the opinion of men who have acquired the
habit that one sees in unwise parents of always saying
"don't do that," without stopping to consider
whether "that" does any harm. Such evils are very
hard to avoid where there is remote control, and
there is likely to be much remote control in any
organization which is very large.
I shall consider in a later lecture what can be done
to mitigate these evils without losing the indubitable
advantages of large-scale organization. It may be that
the present tendencies towards centralization are too
strong to be resisted until they have led to disaster,
and that, as happened in the fifth century, the whole
system must break down, with all the inevitable
results of anarchy and poverty, before human beings
can again acquire that degree of personal freedom
without which life loses its savour. I hope that this
is not the case, but it certainly will be the case unless
the danger is realized and unless vigorous measures
are taken to combat it.
Jn this brief sketch of the changes in regard to