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Full text of "Authority and the individual"

TECHNIQUE AND HUMAN NATURE
is, for the present, unavoidable, and increase of
production is the only way out. This is undeniable,
and an appeal of this sort is no doubt necessary during
a time of crisis. But sense of duty, valuable and in-
dispensable as it may sometimes be, is not a perma-
nent solution, and is not likely to be successful over
a long period. It involves a sense of strain, and a
constant resistance to natural impulses, which, if
continued, must be exhausting and productive of a
diminution of natural energy. If it is urged, not on
the basis of some simple traditional ethic such as the
Ten Commandments, but on complicated economic
and political grounds, weariness will lead to scepti-
cism as to the arguments involved, and many people
will either become simply indifferent or adopt some
probably untrue theory suggesting that there is a
short cut to prosperity. Men can be stimulated by-
hope or driven by fear, but the hope and the fear
must be vivid and immediate if they are to be
effective without producing weariness.
It is partly for this reason that hysterical propa-
ganda, or at least propaganda intended to cause
hysteria, has such widespread influence in the
modern world. People are aware, in a general way,
that their daily lives are affected by things that
happen in distant parts of the world, but they have
not the knowledge to understand how this happens,
except in the case of a small number of experts. Why
is there no rice? Why are bananas so rare? Why
have oxen apparently ceased to have tails? If you lay
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