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Full text of "Authority and the individual"

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most modern industries require no specialized apti-
tudes and therefore need not be sited in districts
where traditional skills exist. *He says: "Non-
dependence on any one labour pool is further
emphasized by the nature of modern work, which
demands relatively little skill, but a high degree of
steadiness and reliability; these are qualities which
can be found almost anywhere among the working
class population today."
"Steadiness and reliability" are certainly very
useful qualities, but if they are all that a man's work
demands of him, it is not likely that he will find his
work interesting, and it is pretty certain that such
satisfaction as his life may offer him will have to be
found outside working hours. I do not believe that
this is wholly unavoidable, even when the work is
in itself monotonous and uninteresting.
The first requisite is to restore to the worker some
of the feelings connected in the past with ownership.
Actual ownership by an individual worker is not
possible when machinery is involved, but there can
be ways of securing the kind of pride associated with
the feeling that this is "my" work, or at any rate
"our" work, where "our" refers to a group small
enough to know each other and have an active sense
of solidarity. This is not secured by nationalization,
which leaves managers and officials almost as remote
from the workers as they are under a capitalist regime.
What is needed is local small-scale democracy in all
internal affairs; foremen and managers should be
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