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Full text of "Authority and the individual"


on the bargaining strength of the organization in
question, but should be referred to a neutral author-
ity whenever they cannot be settled by friendly
negotiation. To this principle there should be no
exception until we come to the world as a whole,
which, so far, has no external political relations. If
a Wellsian War of the Worlds were possible, we
should need an Inter-Planetary Authority.

Differences between nations, so long as they do
not lead to hostility, are by no means to be de-
plored. Living for a time in a foreign country makes
us aware of merits in which our own country ,is
deficient, and this is true whichever country our
own may^be. The same thing holds of differences
between different regions within one country, and
of the differing types produced by different pro-
fessions. Uniformity ofjdm^^^
culture are to be regretted. Biological evolution has

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cultural evolution depends upon

acguired^ifferences. When these disappear, there is
no longerjn^j^^                              In the modern

s^a real danger of too great similarity
an°tber in cultural resp£C{s.

One ^ of the _best ways of minimizing this evil
increase Jjx . the Autonomy of different groups.
The general principle which, if I am right, should
govern the respective spheres of authority and
initiative, may be stated broadly in terms of the
different kinds of impulses that make up human