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Full text of "Authority and the individual"

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The men who think out administrative reforms and
schemes of social amelioration are for the most part
earnest men who are no longer young. Too often
they have forgotten that to most people not only
spontaneity but some kind of personal pride is
necessary for happiness. The pride of a great con-
queror is not one that a well-regulated world can
allow, but the pride of the artist, of the discoverer,
of the man who has turned* a wilderness into Ba
garden or has brought happiness where, but for him,
there would have been misery—such pride is good,
and our social system should make it possible, not
only for the few? but for very many.
The instincts that long ago prompted the hunting
and fighting activities of our savage ancestors demand
an outlet; if they can find no other, they will turn
to hatred and thwarted malice. But there are outlets
for these very instincts that are not evil. For fighting
it is possible to substitute emulation and active
sport; for hunting, the joy of adventure and discovery
and creation. We must not ignore these instincts,
and we need not regret them; they are the source,
not only of what is bad, but of what is best in human
achievement. When security has been achieved, the
most important task for those who seek human
welfare will be to find for these ancient and powerful
instincts neither merely restraints nor the outlet?-
that make for destruction, but as many as possible or
th® outlets that give joy and pride and splendour to
human life.