OFFICIAL BULLETIN OF THE COMMUNIST PARTY OF AMERICA (SECTION OP THE COMMUNIST INTERNATIONAL) No. 2 Issued by the Central Executive Committee No. 2 SOME IMPORTANT C. E. C. DECISIONS Some of the miscellaneous decisions of the questions of party policy, come before the Central Executive Committee during the past Committee as a whole for decision, two months are as follows: Only such matters are brought before the Sub-committees have been elected to in- C. E. C. as a whole as hav,e been previously vestigate and report on the question of considered by the departmental committees, participation in the coming elections, on the Every proposition that is laid before the C. Irish question, on the Negro question. These E. C. must be accompanied by specific ques- sub-committees are now at work. tions or recommendations for action. Transfers To Russia "*" ne departmental committees meet at least twice a week. Until further notice no membership certi- it will facilitate the .work if communic- ficates will be issued for Soviet Russia, ex- a tions involving the activities of different cept in special cases (such as party couriers) departments are written on separate sheets Ex Soldiers Organizations of P^ 1 *- Members are encouraged to join Ex- ^ Tailors Soldiers organizations, particularly those A group of Comrades with machinery for composed of privates, and to form nuclei with- setting up complete factory, are anxious to in for conducting our propaganda. The for- g to Soviet Russia. The C. E. C. can not mation of such nuclei should be reported grant their application. All such applications through Party channels. must go to Soviet Russia for instructions. Harry Wicks S. P. Left Wing The recommendation of an investigating Representatives of the C. E. C. have had committee that Harry Wicks shall not be ad- a conference with some "Left Wingers." mitted to the Party was approved. The in- The report is that these are, still opposed to formation* proves him to be absolutely un- our form'of organization, and that they do desirable within the Party ranks. not yet understand our program. The C. E. International Delegates C ' ad °P ted the recommendation of this com- mittee that articles should appear in all our Baldwin was elected to represent the papers dealing with the S. P., and that our American section on the Executive Commit- units should make special efforts to get this tee of the C I. Marshall has intsructions to literature into the hands of the S. P. mem- return immediately after the adjournment bership. of the Third Congress. The others are to return after the conclusion of the Congress A,len And ^phael of the Red Trade Union International. A motion to re-admit Allen and Raphael r, m r, /> • *• to the party was lost (see later decision of C. C. E. C. Organization EC) The Central Executive Committees has — - _. . . T . , . , .. ,. - „ Bohemian And Jewish organized itself as follows: _. . A , if .,,,,„ , Executive Sec'y Carr Ifc 1S ^P 01 "^ that both the Bohemian and Assistant Sec'y Dow Jewish Federations of the Socialist party Technical Mgr. . . . '. ". . . ". . . . . . . Ray have decided to 8 P lit; awav from the S. P. be- Editor Wheat cause of its attitude toward the Third Inter- Associate Editor 220.127.116.11.7.' Curtis nationa1 ' , S P";ial e f fort must now be made at Librarian Lewis once by a11 affmatl0ns to supply the member- Industrial Org." '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. '. Griffith ship of these Federations with our literature. Legal Department ( ) D. E. Cs. The principle of Departmentalization has . ,. , .. . . .- ,, . , | . j, ., „ „ ~ ,., ,„ According to the provisions of the new been adopted by the C. E. C, and the follow- „ ... . . e ., -. /_. . _ , . „ .. * . , . . . , Constitution the District Executive Commit- ing permanent departments have been m- . . . . ., —. . . , m ,. 4.-1 t d . tees consist of the District organizer,* the B l "a) Secretarial Dow Carr Ray Subdistrict organizers, and five members k\ t>j-4. i xxri. * ri -*• ' r» i elected by the District conventions. These b) Editorial . . Wheat, Curtis, Paul -^ „ ' ... . ... x t j * • i r> ^«.u r> u.- A u D - E - Cs -f so constituted, should take office c) Industrial Griffith, Curtis, Golden . ,. . . .. ..J..., j[ -ni ,.■ it ■ t» i rr n immediately after the District conventions, d) Educational Lewis, Paul, Kelley . . * . •,.... •- . T . , v , . , . replacing the temporary district committees mu i.u j'V , . ,, , n tu. which consisted of the organizers of the two The method -of procedwe is that all matters , . * come first to the Secretarial Department. „, This departmental committee dispose of them, or refers them to the proper depart- The plan of dues payment adopted by the ment for action, without bringing them first convention took effect July first, according to the C. E. C. as a whole. to C. E. C. decision. This means that no On all questions of which the departmental more payments of dues shall be made through committees are unanimous, they have full federation channels. All payments of dues power to act within the decisions and de- and assessments of all language groups must clared policies of the C. E. C, while all ques- come through the regular party channels, tion on which they can not agree, and all Section, Subdistrict and District. NOTICE This issue of the Bulletin was delay- ed due to the press of business upon the editorial committee and the proposed changes in the party press with the consequent failure to establish, a de- finite policy. The delay in the holding of the District Conferences and the language conferences and the necessity for the CEC to work out policy for the Legal activities department and other, important issues made it impossible to have issued the Bulletin at an earlier date. Future issues of the "Bulletin" will be published by the Secretarial De- partment, and will appear at least twice a month. The rate of sixty cents a month took ef- fect on the same date, and applies equally to men and women. If either husband or wife, or both, are un- able to pay dues, they may^be exempt by ac- tion of the Branch Executive Committee, Such exempt members must be reported by the group captain as being in good standings. Y.C. L. The Young Communist League, which had been organized by the U. C. P. is continued, and the Young Communist nuclei which had been developed by the C. P. within the I. Y. P. S. L. are to merge with it immediately. Two members of the nuclei have been added to the Executive Committee of the Y. C. L. Did You Get It? The Official Organ for August came out ower two weeks ago. Every member should purchase a copy at ten cents. If you have not had an opportunity yet to get it, please kick and kick hard through party channels until you receive what you want. Change In C. E. C. On June 30th the written resignation of Comrade Post was presented to the C. E. C. and accepted. Comrade Lewis, one of the alternates elected by the Convention, was chosen to take his place. Representative Of C. I. Comrade Staley, who was sent by the C. I. to act as impatrial chairman at the con- vention, has at last arrived. He carried cre- dentials signed by both Marshall and Andrew and made an extensive report on Press, legal activities, trade union work and propaganda slogans. He said that it is the opinion of the C. I. that an English Daily should be estab- lished here, that legal activities should be conducted on a much larger scale, that more intensive work should be done in the trade unions and that our slogans regarding armed insurrection should not be stressed in the PAGE 2 OFFICIAL BULLETIN No. 2 propaganda to reach the masses at the pre- sent time. He has been added to the editorial staff. Districts The party has been divided into nine Districts. The Districts lines follow with a few exceptions those of the former C. P. ex- cept that three new districts have been created in the West. The oid U. C. P. Ds 2 and D 5, and D 9 has been divided among the St. Louis and San Francisco Districts. Each Districts has a paid District organ- izer. Districts 1, 3, 6 have one paid sub- district organizer each. District 2 and 6 each have two paid SDOs and District 5 has three. In addition to these nineteen paid or- ganizers twenty two other subdistrict organ- izers have been appointed in the six eastern districts. The recommendations for sub- district organizers in the three western dist- ricts have not yet been made. On Divulging Information. The CEC has adopted the following mo- tion : "No decision of the CEC shall be divulged until rt is given out by the Executive Secre- tary, unless a member is instructed to do so, by the CEC." Federation Organizers. By a vote of the CEC, Federation Bureaus are instructed to submit names of all their organizers for the approval of the CEC, as provided in the Constitution, and no Federa- tion Organizer shall have official status un- til so approved. This dees-np^pean, however, that all the WOrWtt ust sto]^^nttME^ii»ft|>groval. The work should continue and all the Branches should co-operate in it. elections are being communicated through Party channels. Speakers for whom regular tours are ai> ranged under the legal dept., must have the approval of the CEC. Local Party commit- tees may approve local speakers for special meetings, submitting their names to the CEC for future work. All speakers are to speak in conformity with the policies laid down by the CEC. S. P. LEFT WING Some members of the Left Wing, who It is. the duty of all Party officials to trans- mit resolutions and communications from the lower Party units to the higher Party units to which they are addressed, no matter whether they themselves approve of the con- tents of the communications or not. The Convention instructed the CEC to is- sue a Manifest©, based on the Party pro- gram. It has been decided to defer the publication of the Manifesto until the return of pur delegates from the International Con- gress. Wheat has been elected editor of the Of- ficial Organ, The Communist, and Curtis as- sociate editor. It will appear once a month. The Bulletin is to be issued hereafter by the Secretarial Department. Golden has resign- ed from the editorship of Paper No. 2. Wheat was elected to act as editor-in-chief. have recently withdrawn from the S. P. have submitted certain propositions to the CEC. A sub-committee has been elected to draw up a reply. No CEC member shall accept any position on local committees. REINSTATEMENTS All former CP or UCP members who were suspended, expelled or denied membership in either of the former two Parties on ac- count of differences of opinion on the unity issue, shall be reinstated with full member- ship, on application to the Party. REPORT OF EDUCATIONAL COMMITTEE In regard to a statement sent out by the former Executive Secretary, comrade Dow, regarding his resignation, the CEC adopted the following: "First, to approve the action of comrade Carr in ordering the immediate withdrawal of Dow's statement as to his resignation. Second, to censure Dow for .circulating un- authorized statements, the effect of which could only be harmful to the Party. That the Russian Federation be informed that their protest is unfounded, because it is based on misinformation." Entering; the Elections Details as to how to proceed in the coming Committees For Control Of Educational Work The C. E. C. shall create an educational de- partment consisting of three members which shall assist and coordinate the educational work of the Districts. The District Educational work shall be in charge of a committee of three appointed by the District Executive Committee. They shall assist and coordinate the work of the Sub-Districts and make regular reports of the educational activities of the District to the National educational Department. The Sub-District Committee shall appoint a committee to take charge of the Education- al work of the Sub-District. They shall or- ganize the teaching staff and assist in or- ganizing and conducting classes. They shall regularly report their activities to the Dis- trict Educational Committee. Aim Of Communist Education Communist Education aims to better equip the members of the C. P. and thru them the working class, to more efficiently perform their duty in the revolutionary struggle. It seeks to give the members a knowledge of the Communist Program — to acquaint them with the task of the proletariat and the role of the Communist Party— to give them an understanding of the Marxian Philosophy, that they might better direct the struggle of the workers; to produce teachers, propagand- ists and other trained workers for the cause of Communism; and to assist the more vigorous minded and more promising, mem- bers to positions of leadership. What To Teach To achieve this aim, the Party must or- ganize classes in the essentials and higher aspects of Communism, Communist organ- ization, and American Trade Unionism. For the present 'the educational work among the membership must be devoted mainly to the organising and conducting of classes in the essentials of Communsm. "The ABC of Com- munism by Bucharin," now published in English, will serve excellently as a text- book. As the educational work progresses and as a need manifests itself, the Party should prepare courses in the "History and Function of the State," Marxian Political Economy and Philosophy" History and Lessons of Re- volutions— 1870— 1920 History of Trade unions, etc. using such texts as are already available for the purpose or preparing lec- tures and outlines wher texts cannot be found. Class Organization Classes shouid consist from IS — 2ft depend- ing) upon facilities. available; la ftuegra* Sub- Districts, classes should be organized upon the basis of sections. In the smaller Sub- Districts it may not be possible to organize classes consisting of members of sections. Inter-section or Sub-District classes should be formed. The Sub-District should organize the teaching staff and provide teachers upon request of the respective units. Each class should elect a secretary who shall keep account of each session, reporting to the teacher on blanks especially prepared for the purpose. These reports should be forwarded thru the party channels to the District Education- al Director who shall report on blanks pro- vided for the purpose. Our party is faced with a lack of teachers.. In this respect we suffer in common with, the entire Communist movement; The old. theor- eticians, lecturers and experienced educators have remained with the Social Democratic parties. The Socialist Party of America never could boast of any great number of Marxian students and educators. Hence there are within our ranks very few comrades that can conduct classes. The formation of an ade- quate and capable pedagogic personal is the work of time and will be the fruit of a well- organized educational system. The Sub-Districts should issue a call for teachers, making it plain that the candidates need not be experts — if they have had some experience in teaching one or more of the Socialist classics or if they believe they can with assistance direct a class they should volunteer. The Educational Committee should then organize them into groups of 10 — 15 forming "teachers circles." The teachers should co-operate with each other in the work of teaching, exchanging experiences, taking up methods, aids, special studies etc. New circles should be formed of new can- didates to which should be tranferred some of the evperienced teachers. The new candi- dates should be given assignments in the text in order to be prepared to take a class upon call. The Educational Department should foster an interest in educational matters among the teachers. It should advise them of methods, aids, new books, valuable reference books dealing with their subjects. At the earliest possible time it should prepare a bibliography of Communism, and a Manual for teaching the ABC of Communism." It should also at- tempt to have the best works of the Com- munist International translated, Lenin's Imperialism— the Last Stage of Capitalism will be issued immediately. OFFICIAL BULLETIN No. 1 PAGE * Party School When funds permit. A party School should be established to which comrades showing ability in organizational and educational work may be sent from the various districts for special training. Research Bureau The Research Bureau should also be of great aid to the teachers in furnishing: in- formation regarding the social, economic and political conditions of the country of which all teachers should be well informed. Method Of Teaching The best method of teaching is the short lecture by the teacher based upon a section of the text book which the student has read prior to the lesson, * followed by discussion, criticism, objections in which all students should be encouraged to take part. The Pure Lecture system is sterile — "the student hears, listens, and goes home." The Commun- ist method must provide for active co-opera- tion between those who teach and those who are being taught. "The teacher must listen to all objections, to all ideas, must in com- mon with the students examine, every one of them as to whether they fit in with our fundamental principles and thus enable the students to pass correct judgment. This method of allowing for discussion is by no means easy for the teacher. It even asks more of him than any other method, for the danger of debate getting into shallow waters and being sterile, or even losing itself alto- gether, is an ever-present danger, and can be kept off only by one possessing an un- disputed superiority of the matter in ques- tion." The teacher must therefore come fully prepared for the lesson,' with his lecture out- line in advance and questions previously prepared. The Educational Department -will aid the teacher in every way in preparing out- lines, references, supplementary data and questions. Inexperienced teachers may find it hard to use the Lexture-Textbook method. Read- ing of the text in class supplemented by ex- planation and amplification by the teacher may be substituted. This method does not give as satisfactory results as the other. It encourages laziness on the part of the stu- dent and teacher, makes for emphasis of un- important points doing away with the com- prehensive summary of essential matter which is gained from the lecture and leads to unorganized and disconnected discussion. The time of class study should be about two hours, which should be equally divided between the lecture or reading, and the dis- cussion, review of previous lesson, quiz etc. The -teacher should induce the students to read as much as possible and should devote a few minutes of the class time to socialist classics, supplementary works, interesting current reading etc. Group Discussion There is always some time left after bus- iness matters have been disposed of by the group for some educational work. The time and nature of the group, however does not permit it to conduct a sustained course of study. The group should use this time for "current events discussions." For the present and immediate future the work of the Third Congress of the Communist International should be discussed. The Group should de- signate a comrade to lead the discussion. The Educational Department should provide all material necessary for the- discussion. Education of Workers in General This phase of our educational activities falls within the scope of legal work. The legal bodies of the Sub-Districts should aim to es- tablish classes in various parts of the Sub- District under the auspices of the legal body — say the name of the legal organization is XYZ — the classes could be conducted, wher- ever practicable, under the name of the XYZ educational or Marxian society. i These classes should not be started in preference to classes of party members. For the present the energies of the teachers and the educational committees should be devoted mainly to successfully organizing and con- ducting classes in the essentials of Commun- ism for party members. The subjects of study should be the Class Struggle, Capitalism. The State, History of Labor movement, American Social History, etc. using the Socialist Classics, Wm. Paul's "The State," Hoxie's "Trade Unionism in America", Simons "Social Forces in Amer- ica" and other works as text-books. The Educational Department should work these courses out fully, giving the essential points to be taken up in each, and suggesting text- books, etc. The aim of these courses, it should be remembered, is not to produce pedants or academicians, but more aggressive and more intelligent fighters in the revolutionary struggle. The method of study should be similar to that outb'ned for classes of party members. The instructors for these classes should be provided by the Teachers Circles. Education In Trade Unions Wherever our nuclei control the education- al work of the union— they should call upon our legal educational bodies for speakers, teacherk, lecturers .etc. The members of the 1 Teachers Circles should be prepared to de- liver talks to unions. The legal educational Committees should co-operate with the In- dustrial Organizer in this work. Sympathizers Discussion Meetings Our nuclei hold meetings with sympath- izers. At these meetings, there should be or- ganized discussion of the problems of the Unions. The Industrial Organizer together with the Educational Committee should prepare topics for these gatherings. The active members of the nuclei could open these discussions. The aim should be to drive one point home at a time. The nuclei mem- bers should ask themselves, "what do we want to teach sympathizers to day"? and having decided, to discuss this point from every angle so that the sympathizers are fully convinced. This method will make for more interesting meetings and will prevent diffused talks and purposeless discussions. Report of the Industrial Department of the C E C In accordance with the decision of the C. E. C. every member eligible to join a labor union must do so by October SO, 1921. If ineligible to join a labor union, he or she should join some workers organization, so that the party through its nuclei may estab- lish contact with the organized working masses. Members should at once initiate the organ- ization of party nuclei in the unions. Do not trait *»til someone comes along to organise you. Get together with the sympathizers in your union and get in touch with the In- dustrial Department in your District or Sub' district, through regular party channels. Unemployment The industrial crisis which we are now go- ing) through will become more extensive and intense as the months go by, due to the break down of the economic machinery of the capitalist system. Due to the unemployment situation capital- ism's grip upon labor is being strengthened The C. P. is the only force which is able to take the initiative and give leadership to a powerful radical movement to reconstruct the labor unions and enable them to resist the formidable onslaught of the capitalists. The unemployment situation must be util- ized as a lever to overhrow the corrupt bureacracy in the unions, bring our message to the masses, and line up the sympathizers with us, organizing them into a powerful machine to develop new leadership for the masses. What To Do All members belonging to trade unions should organize themselves into rank and file unemployment committees, getting to- gether with the sympathizers. In those labor unions where our nuclei are strong, they, should pass a motion to elect such commit- tees, which should in name of the union call an unemployed conference of all labor unions and workers organizations, including of course such unemployment organizations as are already in existence. In such conference our caucus will have a slate for an executive committee of the conference and should as- sure itself of at least a majority. The executive 1 committee shall CQilUMJt Up" with our Unemployment Headquarters. Meeting should be arranged preferably in union halls and open air, this work should be financed by the affiliated bodies. The Un- employment Conference should strive to centralize all unemployment activities. All bourgeois charity schemes should be exposed. When the unemployment conference has won the endorsement of the progressive unions, when it has developed sufficient strength, unemployment demonstrations should be carefully planned and held. These may take various forms according to the circumstances. ,, Immediate Program Demand maintainance of the unemployed by local, state or federal government, at trade union rate of wages, or immediate employ- ment at full trade union rates. Free distribution of food to families of un- employed to prevent starvation. Organized resistance to eviction for non- payment of rent by unemployed. Immediate trade relations with and re- cognition of Soviet Russia. Soviet Russia Famine Relief All C. P. nuclei in the unions should at once exert all their energy to getting their respective unions to send delegates to the con- ference designated by the party to carry on the work for the relief of Soviet Russia. ACTIVITIES AMONG NEGROES A manifesto and a number of bulletins; have been issued and circulated at the inter- national Negro conference which is being? held in New York City. Branches having prospective Negro recruits should send fof this literature. PAGE 4 OFFICIAL BULLETIN No. 2 I). C. P. FINANCIAL STATEMENT U. C. P. ITEMIZED STATEMENT OF INCOME FOR APRIL AND MAY, 1921. The following is a financial statement of ABC 147.00 former UCP books for the period of April 1 May Day Stemps . . 1,417.70 to June 1, 1921, as testified to by the ELO 957.13 A ,,,, „ ._ . . . . . .. TT .. Miscell 3,525.57 Auditing Committee elected by the Unity _,.-.,. -,** A « Old ACC t ■ 107.00 Convention. For the period of Decern- LoaQ (Grey) 1,050.00 ber 1, 1920 to April 1, 1921, UCP books ■were audited and signed to by UCP Audit- , ™ t, v ,,,♦ a April & May Total. $21,507.50 $21,507.50 ing Committee. CP Books were audited and signed to by CP Auditing Committee . „ „ ,, . A , , April & May total income plus to May 14, 1921, and statement was read bal forward $30,734.82 and acepted at Convention, therefore not AprU & May total expense as audited by this committee. per attached 20,797.87 Cash in N. O., L. O., N. D. C, Treas. and Juplica plus total balances with DOS on April 1, 1921 $9,227.32 INCOME DURING APRIL AND MAY. Dues . . $5,235.60 Initiation '. 492.00' Organization .... 500.50 Defense 2,141.02 Official Organ .... 1,239.92 Literature 2,310.39 Red A . 152.00 C. Sat 2,158.90 June 1, 1921 Balance. . . . $9,936.95 JNE 1st BALANCE ACCOUNTED FOR AS FOLLOWS: Balances in Distr. offices as per statement $2,584.51 Execsec. Cash balance turned over to united P . . 296.70 Juplica 800.00 Treasury 4,120.00 N. D. C 819.05 L. O , . 1,316.69 Total: $9,936.95 « C. P. ITEMIZED STATEMENT OF EXPENSE FOR APRIL AND MAY, 1921. District Wages R. R. Fares . . Exp. All Rent Office Exp. . . , Miscell Unity Conv. . . E. L. O. ..... Defense , Del Dist. Conv. . . . N. O. Ptg. .... Int. Rel Org. Exp. Ed. Wages . . . Ed. Rent .... CEC Wages . . Exp. All N. O. R. R. Fares . . Miscell 14,261.00 . 761.51 244.34 241.00 440.99 1,028. 3i 2,157.85 862.96 1,473.73 976.92 272.17 2,169.45 450.00 31.00 310.00 65.00 2,345.00 189.00 75.00 33.13 Adm. Wages 420.00 Adm. Office Exp. . . 275.10 Adm. Rent . 296.81 J L O 10.00 Relief 70.00 1,337.60 Total Exp. .. .$20,797.87 Total District Income for April and "May 1921 $21,180.26 Total District Expense for Ap- ril and May 1921 12,878.70 Balance $8,301.56 Remitted to N. O. during April and May 1921 5,717.05 Total balance on hand in District offices $2,584.51 RECAPITULATION FINANCIAL STATEMENT of UCP BOOKS JUNE 1st BALANCE ACCOUNTED FOR April 1 to June 1, 1921. AS FOLLOWS: CARRIED FORWARD FROM MARCH Balance in District offices as Cash balance in the various pe r itemized statement by depts. of Party handling Districts . $2,584.51 fund* $9,227.32 . INC. during April Execsec. Cash balance turned and May' $21,507.50 into united" Party 296.70 Expense during Ap- Ju * lica •'• ■ ' A ™™ rilandMay ....$20,797.87 Treas. 4,120.00 NDC 819.05 $709.63 709.63 L - ° • ' 1,316.69 June 1, 1921 Balance . . J9.936.95 Total: $9,936.95 N. O. CASH STATEMENT. Balance forward from March. $1,384.77 Recvd in April $3,330.99 Recvd in May $3,491.06 $6,822.05 $6,822.05 $8,206.82 Expense in April . Expensive in May $3,411.34 ..$4,498.78 $7,910.12 $7,910.12 Balance on hand June 1 $296.70 (The publication of the above statement was delayed because many of the UCP re- cords were lost in the raids the last of Ap- ril and could not be replaced except by lengthy correspondency with the Districts.) Changes In Press. The editorial department submitted to the C. E. C. which adopted same the following changes in the party official organs: That the Communist and the Bulletin be combined and issued at last once a month under the name of "The Communist" which will contain the matter now being published in the Bul- letin together with such articles and discus- sion of party affairs as cannot be published in the legal organs. All articles now appearing) in the Communist to be published in a twelve page legal weekly paper which is to be the national legal expression of the party and designed to reach a wider field than is pos- sible with the present underground organ. Comrade Wheat has been elected editor of this new paper which is to replace the old C. P. paper No. 2. This paper is to have an associate editor and an assistant and will cover the whole field of political propaganda and agitation. A DAY'S WAGE CONTRIBUTION • Every member is to contribute one day's wage during the month of Sep- tember, to the Party treasury. Mem- bers who are out of work are to con- tribute one day's time to collecting funds from sympathizers. The present condition of the party treasury can be seen at a glance from financial reports published in this issue of the Bulletin. The tremendous tasks now confronting the party can only be successfully carried out with the whole- hearted support of every comrade. No funds from outside sources are avail- able. The task of financing the party work devolves upon the members them- selves. The CEC expects every mem- ber to exert themselves as never before to raise the necessary funds for carry- ing on the communist work in this country. The fact that many of our members are unemployed and cannot assist financially, makes it all the more imperative that our comrades who are working must make up for those who cannot afford to contribute. Mean- while our unemployed comrades should put in as much of their time as possible collecting funds from our close sym- pathizers thousands of whom would be glad of an opportunity to contribute something toward helping in the work of the. party.