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Full text of "Classification of Al Qur'an's Contents - long edition"

CONTENTS 



Introduction 

A Note on Transliteration and Style 

Preface 

A. Al Quran and the classification of its contents 

B. The meaning and purpose of this classification 

C. The presentation and compilation of Al Quran's Surah 



18 

20 

23 
23 
24 

25 



CHAPTER 1 31 

Allah, Ilm, and Makhluq 32 

Allah 32 

Knowing Allah is the innate character of 'mankind' 32 

Knowing Allah by way of the universe and His creation 35 

Knowing Allah and His characteristics by means of His decrees 38 

Knowing the Names and Attributes of Allah 54 

Ilm (Knowledge) 124 

The Knowledge of Allah encompasses everything 1 24 

'Mankind's' knowledge comes from Allah and it is very limited 128 

The rank and condition of a person without knowledge 130 

The superiority and rank of a person with knowledge 131 

Al Quran is the source of knowledge 133 

It is obligatory to strive for that knowledge and to teach it 137 

Sunnatullah - the Prescription of Allah 138 

Every creation of Allah is determined by His Law 138 

The essence and features of Allah's Laws - Sunnatullah 139 



Page | 1 



The characteristics of Sunnatullah 141 

Is there any deviation regarding the Laws of Allah? 144 

The Universe - heavens and the earth 146 

The Creator of the Universe 146 

The Time of the Universe's creation 149 

The Creation of the Universe 1 5 1 

The Function of the heavenly bodies 153 
The Relationship of passing time and the movement of 

heavenly bodies 155 

Does life exist in the heavenly bodies? 158 

Everything submits to Allah 158 

The Perfection of the Universe 1 60 

The Purpose of the Universe's creation 162 

The Total destruction of the Universe 166 

The Earth and its plants 171 

The state of the earth and the mountains 171 

The state of the various lands and plants 173 

The production of rain 174 

The Proliferation process of plants 177 

The Earth's surface is the source of livelihood 180 

Domesticated and other animals 183 

The creation and proliferation of animals 183 

Various animals and their lairs 1 84 

The benefits of animals for 'mankind' 188 

The attitude of 'mankind' towards animals 190 

What is said about the Universe 194 

The Universe 1 94 

The Milky Way 194 

The Solar system 195 

The Sun 195 

The Earth 197 

Rain process and sea currents 197 



CHAPTER 2 

Supernatural Creatures and their nature 
Ghaib (Hidden) 

With Allah are the keys of all that is hidden 
Allah knows the affairs of the hidden 
Allah knows all that is in the heart 
Some of that which is hidden 



201 
201 
202 

202 
203 
204 
205 



Page | 2 



The Malaikat 207 

The creation and essence of the Malaikat 207 

The duties of the Malaikat 210 

The speed of the Malaikat before Allah 228 

The enemies of the Malaikat 229 

The opinion of the disbelievers towards the Malaikat 230 

The Jinn 231 

The Jinns creation 231 

The nature of the Jinn is in similitude to the nature of 'mankind' 232 

The purpose of creating the Jinn 233 

The Da'wah of the Muslim Jinn to their peers 234 

The majority of Hell's occupants are the Jinn and 'mankind' 236 

Iblls and Shaitan 238 

The origin of Iblls is from the category Jinn 238 

The nature of Iblls 239 

Those who are included in the group of Shaitan 243 

Every person is pursued by Shaitan 245 

The capacity for Shaitan to beguile 246 

The pronouncement of Allah regarding the temptation of Shaitan 248 

Seeking protection from the evil of Shaitan 252 

CHAPTER 3 255 

'Mankind' and 'his' nature 255 

The Names of 'Mankind' 256 

Al Insan 256 

Al Bashar 256 

BanI Adam 257 

Al Nas 258 

The process of 'mankind's' creation 258 

The creation of Adam SSI 258 

The creation of Hawwa' 259 

The creation of Tsa' SS3 260 

The creation of 'mankind' as a community 262 

The purpose of the creation of 'mankind' 264 

The difference between 'mankind' and other creations 266 

The characteristics of 'mankind' 269 



CHAPTER 4 



273 



Page I 3 



The potential of 'mankind' 273 

Rational thought 274 

Intellect or 'Aql 277 

What is within the Aql cannot necessarily be rationalised 277 

That which is rational can surely be assimilated by the Aql 279 

The relationship of Tim, Aql, and the Heart 281 

Al Qalbu - the Heart 283 

The heart of 'mankind' is not constant 283 

The detriment to those who contaminate their hearts 285 

Successful are those who purify their hearts 289 

Al Nafsu - the natural appetite or desire 293 

Al Nafsu-1-ammarah bis-sfl' 293 

Al Nafsil-lawwamah 296 

AlNafsu-1-mutma'innah 296 

Al Ruh - the spirit or soul 298 

Deliberation of the Ruh 299 

The condition of the Ruh 299 

Killing the Soul 302 

The Soul and nobility of 'mankind' 305 

Jasmani - the body 307 

The body of 'mankind' is exemplary in form 307 

'Mankind' themselves will bear witness to themselves 308 

Deeds which are accountable for by 'mankind' 310 

CHAPTER 5 314 
Monotheistic 'religion' and the classification of 'mankind' 314 

Islam is the religion of Tauhld 315 

Explanation of Islam 315 
The essential nature of 'mankind' is to have the religion 

that is tauhld 317 

Islam is the only religion of tauhld 320 

All Prophets were of the tauhld religion, Islam 322 

All Messengers carried the teachings of the religion of tauhld 328 
The difference in the religions of the Messengers is only 

in regards to laws 330 

The truth of Islam is superior to all other religions 333 

The religion of Islam brought by Muhammad gg 335 



Page | 4 



Islam is the final religion 

Islam is the religion of confirmation 

Islam is the religion that resolves and perfects 

The Classification of 'mankind' 

The group of servants who receive guidance 
The group of servants who do not receive guidance 
The group of servants who are loved by Allah 
The group of servants who are not loved by Allah 



335 
337 
341 

368 

368 
375 
384 
391 



CHAPTER 6 

The Attitude of 'mankind' towards Islam 
Muslimln 

Have faith and enter into Islam 

Profession and testimony of embrace into Islam - Shahadat 

Apply the teachings of Islam 

Inter-religious relationships 

Mu ' minln 

Faith 

Various characteristics of the Mu'minln 

Faith requires trials 

The prophets were tested by Allah 

Establishing the religion of Allah is a duty of the Mu'minln 

The recompense and agreement of Allah for those who 

are faithful and apply themselves righteously 

Muttaqln 

The Command to be pious 

Various deeds to realise piety 

The Promise of Allah towards the Muttaqln on earth 

Recompense for the Pious people in the Hereafter 

Munafiqln 

Various characteristics of a Munafiq 
Parables of individual Munafiqln 
The method by which to face the Munafiqln 
The recompense for the Munafiqln 

Fasiqln 

Characteristics of Fasiq people 
Ways to face the Fasiqln 



400 
400 
401 

401 
402 
404 
407 

410 

410 
412 
416 
417 
421 

423 
429 

429 
432 
438 
440 

445 

445 
455 
456 
459 

461 

461 
463 



Page | 5 



The punishment of Allah is for the Fasiqln 

The relationship between the Munafiqln and the Fasiqln 

The prohibition of praying and asking forgiveness for 

the sins of the Munafiqln and the Fasiqln 

Murtadd 

Apostasy 

The futile acts of those who are Murtadd 
Those who are faithful will not be Murtadd 
Repent and believe before it is too late 

Kafirln 

The deeds of the Kafirln 

There is no point for them being given the reminder 

The deeds and wealth of the Kafirln 

The extravagant lives of the Kafirln 

The attitude of the faithful towards the Kafirln 

The Kafirln are the worst of creatures 

The sins of the Kafirln are not forgiven 

The punishment and torture for the Kafirln 

Comparison of the Mu'minln with the Kafirln 

Mushrikfln 

Shirk 

Taghiit 

The impotence of Shirk's idolatry 

The comparison between Allah's Authority and Shirk 

The state of a Mushrik and his Shirk in the hereafter 

The sin of Shirk is unpardonable 



464 
464 

465 
466 

466 
468 

472 
474 

475 

475 
477 
483 
486 
490 
492 
493 
494 
501 

504 

504 
508 
510 
513 
515 
518 



CHAPTER 7 

The Life of 'Mankind's' World 

The Womb 

The Condition of the Womb 

The process of 'mankind's' creation 

The existence of 'mankind's' creation 

The kinds of formed 'mankind' 

The testimony of 'mankind's' soul before birth 

The World 

The development of 'mankind' 

The life of the World continues onward 



521 
521 

522 

522 
522 
523 
524 
525 

526 

526 
528 



Page | 6 



The Fitrah of 'mankind' 530 

The reminder for 'mankind' is in order that they are not remorseful 532 

Barzakh - The Period between death and judgement 541 

Every soul surely dies 54 1 

'Mankind' cannot flee from their predestined hour of death 543 

The life in Barzakh 545 

The length of time spent in Barzakh 546 

The Hereafter 548 

Parables that confirm the event of the Day of Resurrection 548 

Those who do not believe in the life of the Hereafter 549 

Only Allah knows when the Last Day will come 557 

The names for the Day of Resurrection 559 

Signs of the nearness of the Day of Resurrection 572 

The blowing of the trumpet three times 573 

The state of Mahshar 577 

The time of reckoning 585 

CHAPTER 8 609 

Hell and Paradise 609 

Hell 6io 

The causes for 'mankind' to enter Hell 610 

Disputes amongst 'mankind' at the time of entering Hell 611 

The regret of the occupants of Hell 613 

The prolongation of Hell's punishment 616 

The fuel of Hellfire - the state of Hell 621 

That presented to the occupants of Hell 624 

Various names for Hell 627 

Paradise 630 

Belief in the existence of Paradise 630 

The heirs to Paradise 632 

The images presented by Allah about the blessings of Paradise 634 

The bliss of Paradise is everlasting 641 

Various names for paradise 643 

Between Paradise and Hell 645 

From Hell to Paradise 645 

The dialogue between the occupants of Paradise and Hell 646 

Al A'raf- the barrier between Paradise and Hell 649 



CHAPTER 9 652 

Dawah and Narratives 652 

Dawah 653 

The command to perform Dawah 653 



Page | 7 



The purpose of Da'wah 655 

The characteristics of the da in - those who invite 656 

The spirit of Da'wah 657 

The language of Da'wah 658 

The characteristics of giving Da'wah 659 

The reprimand of Allah towards wrongful Da'wah 661 

The success of Da'wah is determined by Allah 662 

Prophets, Messengers, and their duties 664 

Prophets and Messengers were 'common' people 664 
There are narratives of prophets within Al Quran as well 

as non-narratives of Prophets 666 
The prophets and Messengers originated from the 

communities to whom they belonged 667 

The duties/functions of the Prophets and Messengers 671 

All messengers conveyed the teachings of tauhid 674 

Trials and struggles for the Messengers 675 

The punishment of Allah is for those who denied the Messengers 677 

The Mutrafin denied the Messengers 678 

The reminder is only of benefit to those who believe 679 

Allah assuredly helps the Messengers and their followers 681 

The Narratives of the Prophets 683 

The Prophet 'Adam SSI 683 

The Prophet Idris SB 690 

The Prophet Nuh SSH 690 

The Prophet Hud SSI 699 

The Prophet Salih SSI 705 

The Prophet Lut SB 711 

The Prophet Ibrahim 858 718 

The Prophet Ishaq SB and the Prophet Ya'qub SB 728 

The Prophet Ismail SB 733 

The Prophet Yusuf SSI 735 

The Prophet Ayyub SB 744 

The Prophet Shu ' aib SSI 745 

The Prophets Musa SB and Harun SB 750 

The Prophets Al-Yasa'a SSI and Dhulkifli SSI 79 1 

The Prophet Dawud S3 792 

The Prophet Sulaiman SB 796 

The Prophet Ilyas SB! 802 

The Prophet Yunus SB 803 

The Prophet Zakarlya SB! and the Prophet Yahya SSI 805 

The Prophet Isa' SSI, son of Maryam, daughter of Tmran 808 

The Prophet Muhammad S 820 

Other narratives 820 



Page | ! 



Lessons from the Narratives of the Messengers 830 

The detriment to the communities that denounce Messengers 830 

What lessons are we able to learn? 833 
The community that denies the Prophet Muhammad M as 

the Last prophet will certainly suffer loss 835 

CHAPTER 10 838 

The Prophet Muhammad $g 838 

Brief history of the Prophet Muhammad g£ 839 

The Messengership of the Prophet Muhammad $| 840 

News of the birth of Muhammad Si 840 

Muhammad M is like other Prophet 845 

Muhammad Jj was the last of the Prophets 846 

Muhammad M was sent for all 'mankind' 847 

Muhammad M was charged/entrusted with conveying the truth 848 

Various important events at the time of the Prophet fg 854 

The event at the time of Muhammad's M birth 855 

Muhammad Jj wa appointed and designated as a Messenger 855 

The event(s) of Tsra' and Mi'raj 858 

The event of Hijrah 858 

The final struggles of the Prophet Muhammad $ 864 

The Akhlaq and Family of the prophet Muhammad $i 865 

Akhlaq and various characteristics of the Prophet d£ 865 

The family of the Prophet Muhammad M 866 

The social etiquette of the Prophet's M family 870 



CHAPTER 11 

The Suhuf and Holy Books 

The Messenger and the Holy Books 

The Suhuf of 'Ibrahim SsS and of Musa ®B 

The Holy Book Zabur 

The Holy Book Taurah 

The Holy Book Injll 

The Contents of the Taurah and the Injll 

The contents of the Taurah 

The contents of the Taurah and the Injll 



876 
876 
877 
878 
879 
880 
882 
884 



Page | 9 



The attitude of the Ahli-1-Kitab towards the Scriptures 

Their attitude towards their own books 
Their attitude towards Al Quran 

The Holy Book, Al Qur'an 



901 



CHAPTER 12 903 

Al Qur'an and the Ahadlth 903 

Al Quran 904 

Al Quran originates from Allah 904 

The definitive clarity of Al Qur'an 906 
The charge by 'mankind', that Muhammad % created 

Al Qur'an is false 907 
The reasons why Al Qur'an was not revealed in the 

form of a written Revelation 909 
The challenge and answer by Allah to all the accusations 

and opinions of 'mankind' that it is the truth 910 

The illiteracy of Muhammad M is also a sign that Al Qur'an 

only originated from Allah 912 

Al Qur'an is the confirmation of the previous Holy Books 914 

Al Qur'an is a Holy Book in the Arabic language 916 

Al Qur'an is a Book of admonition for all of creation 918 
Al Qur'an is a Book of Guidance for 'mankind' towards the 

Way of Allah 921 
Al Qur'an is the Noblest of Books to read, with Allah guarding 

its purity 922 
The Ayat of Al Qur'an are detailed and orderly in composition; those that 
are clear and those that are ambiguous; and it is only for Allah to abrogate 

these issues 924 
The Night Al Qur'an was sent down; the Noblest of Nights; 

the Blessed Night 926 

The manner in which Al Qur'an was revealed 928 

Reciting and listening to Al Qur'an 93 1 
The characteristics of those who believe in Al Qur'an and 

the benefits for them 936 
The characteristics of the disbelievers towards Al Qur'an 

and their recompense 94 1 

Names for Al Qur'an 949 

Ummul Qur'an and the Huruf-ul Hijaiyyah (Alphabetical letters) 955 

The names of the Surah based upon their sequential revelation 962 
The names of the Surah and their meanings as they appear in 

Al Qur'an 966 



Page | 10 



Al Ahadith -The Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah % 969 

Al Ahadith as a source of the Law 969 

The essence of the Messenger of Allah's M deeds 970 
The essence of that which denounces the Sunnah of the 

Messenger of Allah S 971 

The consequences of opposing Allah and His Messenger 3g 972 
The Mercy of Allah for those who are obedient towards the 

Sunnah of His Messenger in 973 
The difference in character between the Munafiqfln and the Mu' minim 
in appointing the Messenger of Allah % as an 

Arbitrator or judge (tahkim) 974 
Examples of the consequences of people who did not obey 

(the commands) of their Messengers 975 

CHAPTER 13 978 

Parables, Health, Aspirations 978 

Parables-Metaphors-Examples 979 

Various parables 979 

The parables in Al Quran are full of wisdom 994 

Health - well-being 1001 

Various kinds of sickness 1001 

Cures and treatments for certain diseases 1 004 

Artistic aspirations 1004 

CHAPTER 14 1009 

Judgement, Qadar (Preordainment), and Obligation of 

Efforts 1009 

Judgement, Qadar, and Free Will 1010 

Judgement and Qadar 1010 

The obligation to strive in endeavour 1012 

Each person is only burdened in keeping with their capabilities 1013 
The recompense from Allah is in accordance with the efforts 

of 'mankind' 1014 

The manner of Good Endeavour 1017 

Endeavour in all earnestness 1017 
Endeavour towards happiness both in this world and in 

the Hereafter 1019 

Trust and Patience 1 02 1 



Page | 1 1 



Not all of the desires of 'mankind' will be realised 1022 

Be thankful for the provisions of Allah 1023 

The Endeavour of Trade and Trading and its issues 1025 

Trade and trading 1 025 

Measure and balance 1 027 

Debit, Credit, and Pawning 1 028 

Riba- Usury 1020 

The Endeavour of Shipping 1032 

Sailing ships with the command of Allah 1032 

Search for the gifts of Allah in ships 1033 

Ships as instruments of transport 1034 
Within situations of danger, 'mankind' acknowledges the 

Authority of Allah 1036 

Other forms of Endeavour 1037 

The endeavours of 'mankind' are indeed different 1037 
The endeavours of 'mankind' are influenced by existence, 

nature, and the atmospheric conditions of the world around them 1038 

What is important is seeking the Favour of Allah 1038 

Food and Drink 1039 

Eat of that which is Halal and good 1039 

Food that is Halal 1040 

Food that is Haram 1 042 

The question of Halal and Haram 1 045 

Do not make Halal that which is Haram and vice versa 1 048 



CHAPTER 15 

Akhlaq Education - Islamic Morality 

Respect time, so as not to suffer loss 

Do goodness! 

Desist from evil! 

Multiple rewards for goodness 

Love and affection 

Distance oneself from hatred of each other 

Love, brotherhood, and peace 

Avoid hostility 

Hold to unity 

Do not be prejudicial 

Desist from deprecation, abusiveness, and cursing 



1052 

1052 

1053 
1056 
1058 
1060 
1061 
1063 
1063 
1064 
1065 
1067 
1069 



Page | 12 



Be patient 1071 

Do not be angry 1074 

Forgive the faults of others 1075 

Concerning the obligation of oaths, agreements, and vows 1077 

Do not lie 1081 

Do not spread lies 1082 

Do not slander 1083 

Be a true witness 1084 

Speak what is good and true 1085 

Protect trusts 1086 

Do not be treacherous 1087 

Do not refuse blessings 1089 

Be thankful 1091 

Do not be envious nor spiteful 1 093 

The prohibition of luxuriousness 1 095 

Do not be excessive 1099 

Steer clear of miserliness 1100 

Pay attention to the poor and needy 1 103 

Collectively spend of your wealth in charity - amal 1 105 

Desist from intoxicants and gambling 1 107 

Do not be boastful - Riya' 1109 

Do not be afraid nor cowardly 1110 

Do not cause destruction 1112 

Do not be arrogant nor proud of oneself- Be modest! 1 1 13 

Be obedient! 1116 

Rebelliousness and its consequences 1117 

Beware the humiliation that will descend 1118 

Do not be deceitful 1120 

Do not be involved in secret evil talk 1121 

Desist from deeds of no benefit 1122 

Be simple in behaviour and personality 1 123 

Dress and cover! 1123 

Maintain cleanliness and purity 1 125 

Pay heed to the etiquette of visiting and greeting 1 126 

Pay heed to sexual etiquette in the household 1 128 

Pay heed to the association of men and women 1 129 

Mutually assist one another 1129 

Do not be hopeless nor lose hope 1131 

Maintain justice 1132 

Correct oneself 1135 

Distance oneself from bad utterances 1136 

Be accustomed to uttering goodly words 1137 

CHAPTER 16 ii43 

Communal Laws 1143 

Marriage and its issues 1 144 

There is no monasticism in Islam 1144 



Page | 13 



Recommendation to marry 1145 

What is allowed and disallowed in marriage 1 149 

The obligation of paying Mahr (dowry/nuptial gift) 1 152 

Examples of good and bad wives 1155 
Nushuz - violation of marital duties on the part of the 

husband or wife 1156 

Li'an 1158 

Zihar 1159 

Tlya' 1160 

Talaq 1161 

Tddah 1162 

Ruju 1165 

Mata'u 1167 
The rights of the wife after divorce and at the finish of the 

period of Tddah 1 168 

Do not approach that which is despicable 1170 

Children and their issues 1 173 

Du'a' (invocation) in order that one is blessed with a pious child 1 173 

The position of children 1175 

Children must be maintained with good 1176 

Suckling a child/children 1178 

Adopted children 1179 

Orpans 1181 

The loyalty of a child and children towards parents 1184 

Various relationships between 'mankind' 1188 

The family which is happy in this world and in the Hereafter 1 188 

Good relationships of kinship 1 190 

Limits of kinship relations 1192 

Relations between nations and tribes 1 195 

Wealth, Proprietary rights, and laws of Inheritance 1 196 

All the world belongs absolutely to Allah, for 'mankind' 1 196 

Status of wealth for mankind' 1 198 

'Mankind' instinctively loves wealth 1 199 

Tax and Sadaqah 1201 

Wills - Waslyat 1202 

Laws of inheritance - Fara ' id 1 204 

K nila fan: Group, nation, and State 1208 

The existence of a state dependent upon its inhabitants 1208 

Various community feature desired within Islam 121 1 

The duties of 'mankind' as Khallfah 1224 

The authority of a leader 1226 

Mushawarah as the means of remedying differences of opinion 1229 



Page | 14 



Who is proper to be a Wally 1233 
Be on guard and wary of the disbelievers in the nation 

and of their deliberations of hostility towards Islam 1240 

Jinayat 1242 

Qisas - Law of equality in punishment 1243 

Diyyat - Blood money 1 245 

Hud fid 1247 

Zina' 1247 

Accustaion of Zina' 1249 

Stealing and theft 1252 

Drinking alcohol - imbibing intoxicants 1252 

Jihad and Qital 1253 

The life of jihad 1253 

The spirit of jihad 1255 

The laws of jihad 1257 

Udhr (A'dhar) - 'Excuses' for not participating in jihad 1259 

Be wary of the enemy 1262 

Rules of war 1264 

Love (incline) towards peace 1267 

The months of Haram 1272 

The equipment of war 1274 

Ghanlmah and Fa'i (Fail 1275 

Prisoners of war 1277 

Shuhada' -martyrs 1279 

Salat within battle 1280 

Dislike of war 1281 

The time of glory and the destruction of the community 1288 

Narratives of war and peace 1289 

CHAPTER 17 1319 

About various acts of Worship 1319 

Purification: Wudu', Taharah, Tayummum 1320 

Water as a purifying agent 1320 

Purification 1320 

Salat - Prayer 1322 

The command to perform Salat and to pay Zakat 1322 

Fard Salat - Obligatory Salat 1324 

Salatui Jum'ah- Friday Salat 1325 

Night Salat ' 1326 

The culture and etiquette of Salat 1 327 



Page | 15 



The wisdom of Salat 1 328 

Paradise for those who perform Salat 1331 

Agony for those who do not perform Salat 1332 

The Command for Zakat and Sadaqah 1333 

The command for Zakat on wealth 1333 
The command to give Sadaqah and that spent in maintenance 

of wealth in the Way of Allah 1335 
Those who have the right to receive Zakat and who are 

suitable to receive Zakat 1337 

Good Sadaqah 1339 

Sadaqah that is not good 1 340 

The giving of Sadaqah does not bring about detriment 1 342 

Saum -Fasting 1345 

As Saumul Ramadan - The Fast of Ramadan 1345 
As Saumul Qasr and Fidyah - The Shortened Fast and 

Redemption 1 346 

As Saumul Kifarah - The Fast of Expiation/ Atonement 1347 

The time of Saum and various issues that invalidate it 1350 

Masajid and the Kabah 1351 

Masjidul Haram and the construction of the Kabah 1351 

Baitul Maqdls and the change of Qiblah 1352 

Masjidul Qubbah and the building of masajid 1355 

The function of the masj id 1356 

Hajj and Qurban 1358 

Hajj and Umrah 1359 

Making or slaughtering a sacrifice 1 363 

Sibghatullah 1365 

Sibghatullah 1365 

Love and obedience to Allah and His Messenger M 1 366 

Dhikrullah and Du'a' 1367 

The etiquette of Dhikrullah and its benefits 1368 

Dhikr and Tasblh the praise of Allah 1 370 

Tawassul towards Allah 1371 

The etiquette of good Du'a' 1374 

Various Du'a' from Al Quran 1377 



CLOSING 
INDEX 



1397 
1399 



Page | 16 



Page I 17 



INTRODUCTION 



All Praise is for Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. Thanks to Allah this book, 'A 
Classification of Al Quran's Contents' is now in your hands. With much internal 
motivation, courage, and patience I was able to take steps towards the realisation of this 
book. This internal motivation began with the reflection that each and every Muslim has 
an obligation to understand and imbibe the contents of the Holy Book Al Quran as a 
'Way of Life'. This is in order that one is capable of behaving in a manner compliant with 
the guidance of Allah, the Creator of the universe. Besides that it is hoped that there 
likewise emerges the motivation to charitably convey knowledge towards other people. 
This presentation evolved from these two realizations. 

Although I have already endeavoured to my utmost, as a weak representation 
of 'mankind' that I am, this book is still not yet perfect. It is hoped suggestions and 
criticisms from all sides will assist in perfecting the aim of this book. 

All parties, directly or indirectly, have contributed something that has 
relevance to this book as it is laid out in front of the reader. For this I am grateful. It is 
hoped that Allah returns your goodly merits with multiple blessings. 



The author 



Page | U 



Page I 19 



A NOTE ON TRANSLITERATION AND STYLE 

All praise is due to Allah. We praise Him and seek His assistance. We ask for 
His forgiveness and take refuge in Him from the evil within ourselves and from the evil of 
our deeds. He whom Allah guides will never be diverted yet whomever He sends astray 
will never find his way. I bear witness that there is no ilah (god) but Allah, alone; He has 
no partner; and I bear witness that Muhammad (JS) is His Servant and Messenger. 

The system of transliteration adopted within this book for the representation 
of Arabic alphabetical letters in 'Latin' form is as follows: 



1 


a 


L_J 


b 


Cj 


t 


dj 


th 


z 


j 


c 


h 


t 


kh 


J 


d 


i 


dh 


J 


r 


j 


z 


L^ 


s 


ifi 


sh 


L>= 


s 


L>^ 


d 



t 
i 

J 

f 

J 

a 
J 



t 
z 

gh 
f 

q 

k 

1 

m 

n 

h 



Short vowels (above or below consonant): 



Long vowels (following consonant): 



5(A) 
1(1) 



a (A) 
u(U) 



Diphthongs (following consonant): 



ay 



ji ji 



aw (also au) 



Within the course of the book's text, there are certain Arabic abbreviations 
used to signify common phrases within the course of Islamic texts and discussions. The 
most commonly encountered phrase within Islamic discussion is the eulogy found after 
mention of the Prophet Muhammad's name - M. This transliterates as Sallalldhu 'alaihi 
wa sallam meaning: Allah bless him and grant him salvation. 



Page | 20 



Further phrases encountered within the course of this book are: 

4* - radiy Allahu 'anhum - May Allah be please with them 

A eulogy after the mention of As-Sahaba - the Companions of the Prophet 
Muhammad M- 

4k> - radiy Allahu 'anhu - May Allah be please with him 

A eulogy after the mention of the name of one of the Companions of the 
Prophet Muhammad j(. 

- radiy Allahu 'anha - May Allah be please with her 

A eulogy after the mention of the name of one of the wives of the Prophet 
Muhammad M or of a respected and esteemed woman during the lifetime of 
the Prophet Muhammad $. 

85B - alaihis-Saldm - On him be Peace 

A eulogy after the mention of the name of one of the Prophets and Messengers 
of Allah. 

Within the Arabic language, letters can also be classified as being either 'Sun 
letters' (Al Huruf al Shamsiva - 5? — ^.Jjli_»j _, ^\ which assimilate with the T of the 

article 'Al', or 'Moon letters' (Al Huruf al QamarTya — ^,*.i!Ti_ijj, jythe remainder of 
the letters, which do not assimilate with the '1' of the article 'Al'. 

The 'Sun letters' are: o, o, i, i, j, j, ^, Ji, ^y>, ^y>, is, Js, J, d. 

Within the course of this book, the '1' of the article 'Al' will be maintained. 
That is to say that when writing a word that begins with a ' Sun letter' preceded by the 
article 'Al', the '1' of the article 'Al' will be upheld. For example, rather than writing Al 
Huruf a sh Shamsiva (as it sounds when spoken) it will be written Al Huruf al Shamsiva. 
This in no way alters the way that it is spoken. This will be the case with all examples of 
'Sun letters' except when it is as otherwise e.g., within part of the cited text of another 
author. 



Page | 21 



Page | 22 



PREFACE 



The Classification of Al Quran's Contents 



A. Al Quran and the classification of its contents 

Each and every Muslim must surely be aware that Al Quran is a Holy Book - 
a constitution for the guidance and foundation of every action of 'mankind' in this life. Al 
Quran not only regulates the relationship of 'mankind' with their Lord but also 
establishes relationships between 'mankind' and the universe around them. In short, Al 
Quran regulates and guides all aspects of the lives of 'mankind' in the interests of 
happiness and salvation both within this world and in the Hereafter. Notice the edict of 
Allah (% 

'...We have neglected nothing in the Book... '' 



Al Quran is the ultimate and final source of judgement for 'mankind'. 
However, not all of the laws therein have been catalogued in detail. Thus besides Al 
Quran, there is a second source of judgement, namely the ahadlth, which act as a 
clarification of Al Quran. 2 Furthermore, 'mankind' has also been given the opportunity 
and right to perform ijtihad 3 , the utilization of intelligence, for the establishment of a 
framework for their lives in this world in accordance with the expansion of timely 
situations. 4 Such is the flexibility of Islam's teachings; namely, they are both 'universal 
and eternal'. However, it must be borne in mind that every action performed by 
'mankind' needs to always firmly adhere to the two primary sources of judgement in 
order for salvation and non-deviation to occur. The Prophet Muhammad M has stated: 

'/ leave for you two matters and you will never go astray as long as 
you hold onto them both, that is the Book of Allah and the Sunnah ' 
of His Messenger'.' 



One is said to be have firmly grasped Al Quran and the ahadlth when one has 
faith and applies what is within the teachings of both of them. This demonstrates to every 



Surah Al An'am(6), ayah 38. 

2 Ahadlth (sing, hadlth) are the sayings, non-sayings, deeds, and non-deeds of the Prophet Muhammad '%. 

3 Within Islamic law, independent judgement based on the interpretation and application of the 4 Usui al Fiqh (Al 
Qur'an, As-Sunnah, Qiyas [analogy], and ijma' [consensus]) fundamentals (principles) of jurisprudence. 

4 Ijtihad is independent judgement based on Al Qur'an and As Sunnah. It is based on scholarly knowledge of Al Quran 
and As-Sunnah and not on the basis of speculation, assumption, or supposition by an individual without such 
knowledge. 

5 As-Sunnah is the legal ways of the Prophet Muhammad tii (also referred to as the ahadlth) - the path and example of 
the Prophet Muhammad % consisting of all that he said, approved of, or condemned. 

6 The Prophet Muhammad SS 

Page | 23 



Muslim that not only is there a requirement for fluency in reading Al Quran but also that 
one must understand, live and practice the blessed contents of Al Quran within one's 
life. A further step moreover is that it is an obligation to propagate this 'highest duty of 
mankind' to others, namely to perform da'wah. 7 

This book, 'A Classification of Al Qur'an's Contents', is one such purposeful 
effort by the compiler to bring about a realization of all of this. Within this book you will 
encounter assemblages of Al Qur'an's ayat based on its study. 8 Since Al Quran embraces 
all aspects of 'mankind's' lives, the classifications within this book's studies are not 
likely to be overly comprehensive, but rather limited to those sets which are fundamental 
in feature. A person who is a scholar within these various fields of knowledge will be able 
to clarify more specific elements in further detail. 

B. The meaning and purpose of this classification. 

The purpose of this book is primarily as a means to facilitate ones 
understanding of Al Qur'an's contents. This study, chapter by chapter, is in itself not 
overly simplistic because the book deals with the exclusiveness of Al Quran. The role of 
ahadith within the teachings of Islam is also of exalted import but within this book, one 
will not encounter ahadith as an endorsement of its classification. Herewith also, it is 
hoped that within this book itself we are able to categorize the teachings of Islam as 
sourced from Al Quran only as in contrast to those sourced from the ahadith. 

Although the study within this book is not overly simplistic, yet it is hoped 
that we are able to understand and appreciate the principles examined within Al Quran in 
their entirety, Allah willing. The comprehension of a 'certain something' will be more 
readily understood in its entirety, when the issues under enquiry are not confused one 
with the other or, the elements that support it are easy to locate. 

A feature that we often have in mind and encounter is that a person reads and 
understands Al Qur'an in a chronological order, namely chapter by chapter. However, it 
is not guaranteed that an issue in question will be encountered in its entirety within only 
one chapter, as for instance the narrative of Yusuf in Surah Yfisuf. Therefore, it is not 
uncommon at times for us to understand one ayah or one Surah that we have not primarily 
related to a previously read ayah or Surah. 

This sort of dilemma is because of 'mankind's' weak nature, especially in 
regard to comprehension and remembrance as well as in only retaining but a little 
knowledge. A further reason is that some related ayat and Sflrah within Al Qur'an are 
disseminated one from the other and not all locatable in one specific location. However, 



Da'wah is calling to Islam. 
*Ayat are interpreted as 'verses' in keeping with the English language's designation of them. However, the meaning is 
much more intensive and all-encompassing than simply a verse or verses, such as one necounters in poetic 
measurement. Ayat, as explained in Lane's Arabic-English Dictionary (Book 1, page 135), is 'A sign, token, or mark, 
by which a person or thing is known ' and 'it properly signifies any apparent thing inseparable from a thing not 
equally apparent, so that when one perceives the former, he knows that he perceives the other, which he cannot 
perceive by itself, when the two things are of one predicament; and this is apparent in the object of sense and in that 
of the intellect'; A sign as meaning an indication, an evidence, or a proof; 'A sign as meaning a miracle'; 'A 
portion of the Qur an denoting any statute, or ordinance, of God, whether it be /what is generally termed] an 4j\ ]i. 

e. a verse,] or a JjV. {chapter], or an aggregate {and distinct] portion of the latter'. 

http://www.stLidvqiuan.oiLi/LaneLexicon/VolLimel/00000172.ndf Thus it means - signs, marks, miracles, wonders, 
marvels, exemplars, paragons, proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, revelations, etc. 

Page | 24 



the compiler of this book is himself of the realization, and thereby convinced, that the 
location of the Surah and ayat within Al Quran is without doubt greater in reason and 
wisdom than the compilation given within this book. 

In fact, the purpose of this book is to assist the reader in understanding the 
contents of Al Quran with the intention thereby of instigating an unwavering conviction 
regarding the contents of Al Quran and the implementation of its teachings within ones 
daily lives. Another aspect is that it aids the reader in searching for the ayat of the Holy 
Quran in accordance with one's intentions to read, memorize and in so doing act as a 
steadfast source of capital for the performance of da'wah within one's life. 

A further function of its arrangement is in order that we grow into being of 
those people who are obedient and faithful in support of Allah and His Messenger H.' 
Moreover, in order that, we do not support the Kafirun, the Zalimun, and or the Fasiqun. 10 
This desire to break the judgements of Allah, and by this means follow judgements based 
on 'mankinds" ignorance, is to be lead astray. 11 

C. The presentation and compilation of Al 
Quran's Surah 

This classification of Al Quran's contents is not presented, intentionally, as a 
complete written representation of its ayat and their interpretations. Such a manoeuvre is 
undertaken in order to avoid transgression and the possibility of initiating the misguided 
belief that this arrangement would represent an endeavour to alter or modify the contents 
of Al Quran. Al Quran has been represented in book form since the time of the Caliph 
'Uthman 4* - may Allah be pleased with him. The compiler is convinced therefore that 
the order of the ayat in Al Quran is already in the most perfect order. Allah decrees: 

Alif-Lam-Ra. A book, the verses whereof are perfected, and then explained 
in detail from One, who is All-Wise and Well-Acquainted." 



It is Allah, Most Holy who sends down decrees. I seek the protection of Allah 
from all of that (deviations and doubts). For these reasons, this book is presented in an 
unpretentious manner and is only prescribed as: 

- the number of the Surah based on its location in the Quran; 

- the number of its ayat; 

- and, some of the ayat subject matter. 

All of this is presented in the hope that we open Al Quran, thereby read, and 
come to understand the essence of its ayat. In order to assist the reader in understanding 
this book's content, what follows is a table of the Suwar in Al Quran in their numerical 
order: 

' Surah Al NSr (24), ayat 5 1 -52. 

10 Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayat 43-50. 

1 ' Surah Al Anfil (8), ayat 20-22 and Surah Al Nur (24), ayat 48-50. 

12 Plural: Suwar. 

13 Surah Hud (11), ayat 1. 

Page I 25 



1 


Al Fatihah 


17 


Al Isra' 


2 


Al Baqarah 


18 


Al Kahf 


3 


Al 'Imran 


19 


Maryam 


4 


Ail Nisa' 


20 


Ta-Ha 


5 


Al Ma'idah 


21 


Al 'Anbiya' 


6 


Al An'am 


22 


Al Hajj 


7 


Al A'raf 


23 


Al Mu'minun 


8 


AlAnfal 


24 


Al Nur 


9 


At Taubah 

■ " ' ' ' ' i' B J OjJ 


25 


Al Furqan 


10 


Yunus 


26 


Al Shu am 


11 


Hud 


27 


Al Naml 


12 


Yusuf 

' S.L.-1 D ) OjJ 


28 


Al Qasas 


13 


Al Ra'd 


29 


Al 'Ankabut 


14 


Ibrahim 


30 


AlRum 


15 


Al Hijr 


31 


Luqman 


16 


Al Nahl 


32 


Al Sajdah 

W mil OJJj-u 



Page | 26 



33 


Al Ahzab 


50 


Qaf 


34 


Saba' 


51 


Al Dhariyat 

lJU jl All S J aw 


35 


Fatir or Al Mala'ikah 


52 


AlTur 

. oJail ) ajui 


36 


Ya-SIn 


53 


Al Najm 

-■* ill a Ioa*) 


37 


Al Saffat 


54 


Al Qamar 


38 


sad 


55 


Ar Rahman 


39 


Al Zumar 


56 


AlWaqi'ah 

' "'»*! j'l JJJ-1 


40 


Al Mu'min or Ghafir 


57 


Al Hadld 


41 


Fussilat 


58 


Al Mujadilah 


42 


Al Shura 


59 


Al Hashr 


43 


Al Zukhruf 


60 


Al Mumtahinah 

'"n-i'inll oj^ui 


44 


Al Dukhan 


61 


Al Saff 


45 


Al Jathiyah 


62 


Al Jumu'ah 


46 


Al Ahqaf 


63 


Al Munafiqun 


47 


Muhammad 


64 


Al Taghabun 


48 


Al Fath 


65 


Al Talaq 


49 


Al Hujurat 

' " ]■*■ ^ II 5 J fcul 


66 


Al Tahrlm 



Page I 27 



67 


Al Mulk 


84 


Al Inshiqaq 

Jy °- '■ i jfl (joy 


68 


Al Qalam or Nun 

Jjj jl (Jill ej ^ 


85 


Al Buruj 


69 


Al Haqqah 

' "'°l - '' i j tij 


86 


Al Tariq 


70 


Al Ma'arij 


87 


Al 'A'la 


71 


Nuh 


88 


Al Ghashiyah 

' ""■ J Jul S J iui 


72 


Al Jinn 


89 


Al Fajr 


73 


Al Muzzammil 


90 


Al Balad 


74 


Al Muddaththir 


91 


Al Shams 

Mftitt mil 6J ju 


75 


Al Qiyamah 

din jajli j_j*j 


92 


Al Lail 


76 


Al ' Insan or Al Dahr 


93 


Al Duha 

Tibial 1 ej^jj 


77 


Al Mursalat 


94 


Al Sharh 


78 


An Naba' 


95 


AlTTn 


79 


Al Nazi 'at 


96 


Al 'Alaq 


80 


'Abasa 


97 


Al Qadr 


81 


Al Takwir 


98 


Al Baiyinah 


82 


Al Infitar 


99 


Al Zalzalah 


83 


Al Mutaffifm 


100 


Al 'Adiyat 



Page | 28 



101 


Al Qari'ah 


108 


Al Kauthar 


102 


Al Takathur 


109 


Al Kafirfln 


103 


Al 'Asr 


110 


Al Nasr 


104 


Al Humazah 


111 


Al Masad 


105 


A1FI1 


112 


Al Ikhlas or Al Tauhid 


106 


Quraish 


113 


Al Falaq 


107 


Al Ma'tin 


114 


AINas 



Examples of locating a particular Ayah or Ayat are thus: 

24:3 refers to Surah Al Nur (24), ayah 3; 
24:3-6 refers to Surah Al Nur (24), ayat 3-6. 



Page | 29 



Page | 30 



CHAPTER 1 
Allah, Tim, and Makhluq 



Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous, who has 
taught by the pen, has taught man that which he knew 
not. Nay! Verily, man does transgress all bounds, 
because he considers himself self-sufficient." 



* s «. ' r ' * l 



And they ask you (O Mu ammad 0) concerning the Ru 
(the Spirit); say: "The Ru (the Spirit): it is one of the 
things, the knowledge of which is only with my Lord. And 
of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given only a 
little. "" 



14 Surah Al - Alaq (96), ayat 3-7. 

15 Surah Al Isra (17), ayah 85. 



Page | 3 1 



Allah - M 

Knowing Allah is the innate character of 'mankind' 

39:8 Whether conscious of it or otherwise, 'mankind' yearns for the 

39:49 Creator and His protection. 



And w/ien some nwrt touches man, he cries to his Lord (Allah Alone), 
turning to Him in repentance, but when He bestows a Favour upon him 
from Himself, he forgets that for which he cried for before, and he sets up 
rivals to Allah, in order to mislead others from His Path. Say: "Take 
pleasure in your disbelief for a while: surely, you are (one) of the dwellers 
of the Fire!""' 



Wften warm touches man, he calls to Us (for help), then when We have 
(rescued him from that harm and) changed it into a Favour from Us, he 
says: "Only because of knowledge (that I possess) I obtained it. " Nay, it is 
only a trial, but most of them know not!' 7 

3 1 :32 The natural innate character (fitrah) of 'mankind' is to be heard and 

'he' cries out for his Lord whenever 'he' faces disaster, or terrifying 

17:66-69 hardship. At such times 'mankind' has no denial of Him and 

submissively bows in devotion towards Allah alone. 



And w/ien a wave cover* (km like shades (i.e. like clouds or the mountains 
of sea water), they invoke Allah, making their invocations for Him only. But 
when He brings them safe to land, there are among them those that stop in 
the middle, between (belief and disbelief). But none denies Our signs except 
every perfidious ungrateful. 13 



16 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 8. 

17 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 49. 
Is Surah Luqman (31), ayah 32. 



Page | 32 



15y J^ & jAj] <-<*\ ^aj ^ \y<s!cS j=*-~>\ tj ^U ill (1-^=^ <s>Jr! Ci^r^' (i-^MJ 

LLJi ^Ll lj -L£ Si p 'fj& L°-> r^i/O fH/! I Qi \-i-y* ^ }S~~^ J-rji* Cs'J>- i 

Four Lord is //e wfto drives the ship for you through the sea, in order that 
you may seek of His Bounty. Truly! He is ever Most Merciful towards you. 
And when harm touches you upon the sea, those that you call upon besides 
Him vanish from you except Him (Allah Alone). But when He brings you 
safely to land, you turn away (from Him). And man is ever ungrateful. 
Do you then feel secure that He will not Cause a side of the land to swallow 
you up, or that He will not send against you a violent sand-storm ? Then, 
you shall find no Wakil (guardian one to Guard you from the torment). 
Or do you feel secure that He will not send you back a second time to sea 
and send against you a hurricane of wind and drown you because of your 
disbelief, then you will not find any avenger therein against us? 19 

30:30-43 For these very reasons, it is a requirement that 'mankind' be 

constantly steadfast towards the unwavering Deen of Islam. 

aJjI jJiJ Jj^ S) t,llp J-tLlI ^i*s jjl *il i£/^s Li~>- oM4 *&&■'} jty* 
jv= J^lIJI ^y~> lilj JJJ Ofj$ 'p-^> L°-> 'Sj*- <_P L*~" 'jj^=j p-S-V.:? 

^ ** ■^'" ^J3 ll. I*j>- i d_a^-j l«ujl Lisil lilj (;V=;: tJiSj&S <-A-> lajIS L«J [i-S^J 

j<Lij- /j^J' '^ ^Li5 (;^]; Qy-aj± ^°>^-l ^4*^ *iAJ'i ^j o! J^-^3 (ii^ 

,' - '.i, u <- ,,,, , ^ .<■„,, , r - '-•',- 



' Surah Al Isra' (17), ayat 66-69. 

Page I 33 






" < jv .- 



tjjj o_>i J-i=M y-?^ ^' en "^ *j* "^ f}j QW o 1 J^ ^ ^4^1' oi^4 

So se( you (O Mu ammad M) your face towards ad Deen anifa {worship 

none but Allah Alone) Allah's Fitrah (i.e. Allah's Islamic Monotheism), 

with which He has created mankind. No change let there be in Khalq illah 

(i.e. the Deen of Allah - Islamic Monotheism), that is ad Deen id Qayyim, 

but most of men know not. 

(Always) turning in repentance to Him (only), and be afraid and dutiful to 

Him; and perform Al aldt (Iqdmat al alat) and be not of Al Mushrikun 

(the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, polytheists, idolaters, etc.). 

Of those who split up their Deen (i.e. who left the true Islamic Monotheism), 

and became sects, [i.e. they invented new things in the Religion (Bid 'ah), 

and followed their vain desires], each sect rejoicing in that which is with it. 

And when harm touches men, they cry sincerely only to their Lord (Allah), 

turning to Him in repentance, but when He gives them a taste of his Mercy, 

behold! a party of them associate partners in worship with their Lord. 

So as to be ungrateful for the graces which We have bestowed on them. 

Then enjoy (your short life); but you will come to know. 

Or have We revealed to them a Scripture, which speaks of that which they 

have been associating with Him? 

And when We Cause mankind to taste of Mercy, they rejoice therein, but 

when some evil afflicts them because of (evil deeds and sins) that their 

(own) hands have sent forth, Lo! they are in despair! 

Do they not see that Allah enlarges the provision for whom He wills and 

straitens (it for whom He wills). Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people 

who believe. 

So give to the kindred his due, and to Al Miskln (the poor) and to the 

wayfarer. That is best for those who seek Allah's Countenance, and it is 

they who will be successful. 

And that which you give in gift (to others), in order that it may increase 

(your wealth by expecting to get a better one in return) from other people 's 

property, has no increase with Allah, but that which you give in Zakat 

seeking Allah 's Countenance then those, they shall have manifold increase. 

Allah is He who created you, then provided food for you, then will cause 

you to die, then (again) He will give you life (on the Day of Resurrection). Is 

there any of your (so called) partners (of Allah) that do anything of that? 

Glory be to Him! And Exalted be He above all that (evil) they associate 

(with Him). 



Page | 34 



Evil (sins and disobedience of Allah, etc.) has appeared on land and sea 
because of what the hands of men have earned (by oppression and evil 
deeds, etc.), that Allah may make them taste apart of that which they have 
done, in order that they may return (by repenting to Allah, and begging His 
Pardon). 

Say (O Mu ammad 0): "Travel in the land and see what was the end of 
those before (you)! Most of them were Mushrikun (the disbelievers in the 
Oneness of Allah, polytheists, idolaters, etc.). 

So set you (O Mu ammad M) your face to (the obedience of Allah, your 
Lord) the Straight and Right Deen (Islamic Monotheism), before there 
comes from Allah a Day which none can avert it. On that Day men shall he 
divided [(in two groups), a group in Paradise and a group in Hell]. 20 



Knowing Allah by way of the universe and His creation 

In order that one is more resolute towards the greatness and grandeur of the 
essence of Allah, the Creator, Al Quran calls upon 'mankind' to carefully examine and 
contemplate His creations. 

3:190-191 For further clarification refer to page 274, 

16:65-83 Book 4, 

51:20-21 concerning, 'reason/thought'. 

Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation 
of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding. 
Those who remember Allah (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and 
lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the 
heavens and the earth, (saying): "Our Lord! You have not created (all) this 
without purpose, Glory to You! (Exalted be You above all that they 
associate with You as partners). Give us salvation from the torment of the 
Fire. 21 



20 Surah Al Rum (30), ayat 30-43. 

21 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayat 190-191. 



Page | 35 



cLflJl d-i jdj'^jl cJiii^- v^lj^i 1 1'^.jhl Cy* VJ^ "^^ *4^-U J"^"" cJv^"^ l r J J-*~ : -'' 

c-^=lL* I* (\& ^#Lb c£^ '>U^ d-^ L** JL#' (J u^4 J^ .5^"4 
lijj JLgJ *iAUj "bf 1_4 dl)l Oj-^^ Oj-l^J CSS Ojl/^s *-* ^'s^-*-*^ Oj^-?3^ 

Cr*3 f L$* Lr" f -)^-^- "^ 5jl«_a IjCLP ">ULa djjl Oyy=> $ f;'"^ 0>**^ "^ J*^ ' J J***-l 

^ ^J Jii- *0jlj ^Jj ^j>^3^ ^">^ ^^*5 i-U'i 4 0! ^' a! cr^^«^ 

j^^i j^i J*^j iiii=f ji^Ji ^ Ja j^j ik ^jii Ll; Jd 

Jij djjl c—«ju 0^/V. iC'~;! : Oir*-" A^-M' ^i.-J c ujU IjJjj oP '■C~;! : ^jj-«-L^3 



Page | 36 



ijiiCIl p*jid=\j 1^4=14 



And Allah sends down water (ram) from the sky, then He revives the earth 

therewith after its death. Verily, in this is a sign (clear proof) for people 

who listen (obey Allah). 

And Verily! in the cattle, there is a lesson for you. We give you to drink of 

that which is in their bellies, from between excretions and blood, pure milk; 

palatable to the drinkers. 

And from the fruits of date-palms and grapes, you derive strong drink (this 

was before the order of the prohibition of the alcoholic drinks) and a goodly 

provision. Verily, therein is indeed a sign for people who have wisdom. 

And your Lord inspired the bee, saying: "Take you habitations in the 

mountains and in the trees and in what they erect. 

"Then, eat of All fruits, and follow the ways of your Lord made easy (for 

you). " There comes forth from their bellies, a drink of varying colour 

wherein is healing for men. Verily, in this is indeed a sign for people who 

think. 

And Allah has created you and then He will Cause you to die, and of you 

there are some who are sent back to senility, so that they know nothing after 

having known (much). Truly! Allah is All-Knowing, Ail-Powerful. 

And Allah has preferred some of you above others in wealth and properties. 

Then, those who are preferred will by no means hand over their wealth and 

properties to those (slaves) whom their right hands possess, so that they 

may be equal with them in respect thereof . Do they then deny the Favour of 

Allah? 

And Allah has made for you wives of your own kind, and has made for you, 

from your wives, sons and grandsons, and has bestowed on you good 

provision. Do they then believe in false deities and deny the Favour of Allah 

(by not worshipping Allah Alone). 

And they worship others besides Allah, such as do not and cannot own any 

provision for them from the heavens or the earth. 

So put not forward similitudes for Allah (as there is nothing similar to him, 

nor He resembles anything). Truly! Allah knows and you know not. 

Allah puts forward the example (of two men a believer and a disbeliever); a 

slave (disbeliever) under the possession of another, he has no power of any 

sort, and (the other), a man (believer) on whom We have bestowed a good 

provision from Us, and He spends thereof secretly and openly. Can they be 

equal? (by no means, not). All the praises and thanks be to Allah. Nay! (but) 

most of them know not. 

And Allah puts forward (another) example of two men, one of them dumb, 

who has no power over anything (disbeliever), and he is a burden to his 

master, whichever way he directs him, he brings no good. Is such a man 

equal to one (believer In the Islamic Monotheism) who commands justice, 

and is himself on a Straight Path? 

And to Allah belongs the unseen of the heavens and the earth, and the 

matter of the Hour is not but as a twinkling of the eye, or even nearer. 

Truly! Allah is Able to do All things. 

And Allah has brought you out from the wombs of your mothers while you 

know nothing, and He gave you hearing, sight, and hearts that you might 

give thanks (to Allah). 

Do they not see the birds held (flying) in the midst of the sky ? None holds 

them but Allah [none gave them the ability to fly but Allah]. Verily, in this 



Page I 37 



are clear proofs and signs for people who believe (in the Oneness of Allah). 
And Allah has made for you in your homes an abode, and made for you out 
of the hides of the cattle (tents for) dwelling, which you find so light (and 
handy) when you travel and when you stay (in your travels), and of their 
wool, fur, and hair (sheep wool, camel fur, and goat hair), a furnishing and 
articles of convenience (e.g. carpets, blankets, etc.), a comfort for a while. 
And Allah has made for you out of that which He has created shades, and 
has made for you places of refuge in the mountains, and has made for you 
garments to protect you from the heat (and cold), and coats of mail to 
protect you from your (mutual) violence. Thus does He perfect his Grace 
unto you, that you may submit yourselves to His will (in Islam). 
Then, if they turn away, your duty (O Mu ammad M) is only to convey (the 
Message) in a clear way. 

They recognise the Grace of Allah, yet they deny it (by worshipping others 
besides Allah) and most of them are disbelievers (deny the Prophethood of 
Mu ammad Mi). 21 



-" ~s E 



And on the earth are signs for those who have faith with certainty, 
And also in your ownselves. will you not then see ? 2 ' 



The classification of Allah's *s creation in this realm evokes the identification 
of multifarious disciplines, primarily the knowledge of physics, but furthermore: 

- cosmology and astronomy, page 30 

- meteorology, geography and botany, page 36 

- zoology, page 38 

- anthropology, page 163 

- psychology, page 73 

- etc 



Knowing Allah and His characteristics by means of His decrees 
Allah exists (wujud - Ajw ) 



He is close by 'mankind' but cannot be grasped or contacted by means of 
'mankind's five senses. 

13:2 Allah is over His throne (al 'arsh - iJ>j*^) because of His grandeur 

20:5 and majesty. 



' Surah Al Nahl (16), ayat 65-83. 
J Surah Al Dhariyat (51), ayat 20-21. 



Page | 38 






A//<2/i « //e w/jo raised the heavens without any pillars that you can see. 
Then, He Istawa (rose above) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His 
Majesty). He has subjected the sun and the moon (to continue going round)! 
each running (its course) for a term appointed. He regulates All affairs, 
explaining the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, 
etc.) in detail, that you may believe with certainty in the Meeting with your 
Lord. 1 * 



C£j^ 1 J~'^ ji cP^ty 

The Most Beneficent (Allah) Istawa (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne (in a 

manner that 

suits His Majesty). 21 

57:1-4 Allah is always together with 'mankind' wherever 'mankind' may 

be. 

A* Joe 

^LJIj ^j JSL jjji: ^li Jvj y& <_f.ill ijli- o>'^«_^J I ^3 "^ 'j l| ?^~;>*Q' 

Wi«?.voever i'.v m rfie heavens and the earth glorifies Allah, and He is the 

All-Mighty, All-Wise. 

His is the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth, it is He who gives life and 

causes death; and He is Able to do All things. 

He is the first (Nothing is before Him) and the Last (Nothing is after Him), 

the Most High (Nothing is above Him) and the Most near (Nothing is nearer 

than Him). And He is the All-Knower of Every thing. 

He it is who created the heavens and the earth in six days and then Istawa 

(rose over) the Throne (in a manner that suits his Majesty). He knows what 

goes into the earth and what comes forth from it, what descends from the 

heaven and what ascends thereto. And He is with you (by his knowledge) 

wheresoever you may be. And Allah is the All-Seer of what you do. 16 



24 SurahAlRa'd(13), ayah 2. 

25 Surah Ta Ha (20), ayah 5. 

26 Surah Al HadTd (57), ayat 1-4. 



Page | 39 



2:186 Allah is indeed closer to 'mankind' than even their 

50:16 jugular veins but cannot be seen visually. 

6:103 
7:143 



dJ ^<j_j a-i^j p-JliJ tj- 'j^Pi 

And wften My slaves ask you (O Mu ammad M) concerning Me, then 
{answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to 
the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any 
mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that 
they may be led aright. 11 



O HSR 

And indeed We have created man, and We know what his ownself whispers 
to him. And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our 
Knowledge). 1 ' 



No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over All vision. He is the Most 
Subtle and Courteous, Well Acquainted with All things. 1 '' 



^iy q] Jli -^OJ] ^jajl Tjjl Cj'j Jli j4jj jd_«JSj 1 ;"■ 0^ o | ls"J* **r L«JJ 
J~>JJ jAjj ,j¥- Li-ls ^jj 3^-ls j4jL6=l« _^ii^l o.L* J^-ll J! j)="l o^j 
J_jl Lilj -3HJJ cup _3lLui<4— Jli (3^1 LUs Li*^ ^j-* j>y L£=i j4)X>- 

And wften Mfi.«« (Moses) came at the time and place appointed by Us, and 
his Lord spoke to him, he said: "O My Lord! show me (Yourself), that I may 
look upon You. " Allah said: "You cannot see Me, but look upon the 
mountain if it stands still in its place then you shall see me. " So when his 
Lord appeared to the mountain , He made it collapse to dust, and Musa 
(Moses) fell down unconscious. Then when he recovered his senses he said: 
"Glory be to You, I turn to You in repentance and I am the first of the 
believers. " 20 

67:12-14 Allah is unseen and invisible to the eyes of mankind'. 



2 ' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 186. 

28 Surah Qaf (50), ayah 16. 

29 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 103. 
20 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 143. 



Page | 40 



Verily! those who fear their Lord unseen (i.e. they do not see him, nor his 

punishment in the Hereafter, etc.), theirs will he Forgiveness and a great 

reward (i.e. Paradise). 

And whether you keep your talk secret or disclose it, Verily, He is the 

All-Knower of what is in the breasts (of men). 

Should not He who has created know? And He is the Most kind and 

Courteous (to his slaves) All-Aware (of everything)?' 

50:32-33 Those of 'mankind' who fear Allah will come to Him with a heart 

turned in repentance. 



(it will be said): "This is what you were promised, - (it is) for those 
oft-returning (to Allah) in sincere repentance, and those who preserve their 
Covenant with Allah (by obeying Him in all what He has ordered, and 
Worship none but Allah alone, i.e. follow Allah's religion, Islamic 
Monotheism). 

"Who feared the Most Beneficent (Allah) In the Ghaib (unseen): (i.e. in this 
worldly life before Seeing and Meeting Him), and brought a heart turned in 
repentance (to Him - and absolutely free from each and every kind of 
polytheism), ...^ 



Allah is One (wahdanlya - M-^j) 



112:1-4 Allah is One; He does not produce 'offspring children' and He is not 

reproduced. He is 'Self-sufficient' from all of His creation. 

ja) JXj Ijj ( : ;'?J; jjjj Ijj oli 1J gfj JU_isJI .Oil |j!j JL»-I AUl 3-» Ifi 



Say (O Mu ammad 0): "He is Allah, (the) One. 

"Alldh-u - amad (the Self-Sufficient master, whom all creatures need, He 

neither eats nor drinks). 

"He begets not, nor was He begotten; 

"And there is none co-equal or comparable unto him. "" 

16:51-52 Do not take or attribute (associate) partners with him - the greatest, 



31 Surah Al Mulk (67), ayat 12-14. 

32 Surah QM (50), ayat 32-33. 

33 Surah Al Ikhlas [or Al TauhTd] (112), ayat 1-4. 



Page | 41 



unforgivable sin. 



, £ E 



(JfJ Oj^J aJJI Jjisl ^"13 OiyJ' «lj u^j^'j o>'34-LH J " 

And Allah said (O mankind!): "Take not ildhaln (two gods in worship, etc.). 
Verily, He (Allah) is (the) Only one llah (God). Then, fear Me (Allah) much 
[and Me (Alone), i.e. he away from all kinds of sins and evil deeds that 
Allah has forbidden and do all that Allah has ordained and Worship none 
hut Allah] . 

To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and (all that is in) the earth and 
Ad-Din Wa iba is his [(i.e. perpetual sincere obedience to Allah is 
obligatory). None has the right to be worshipped but Allah)]. Will you then 
fear any other than Allah?" 



23:91 Allah does not have children and there are no gods or deities besides 

Him. 



StiJjjii- LL *l)I JS l1~»j] lij jJJ (j» j4ju v ^ J li= l_.j jjj qa AJJI iai-l L. 

No son (or offspring or children) did Allah beget, nor is there any llah 
(God) along with Him; (if there had been many gods), behold, each God 
would have taken away what He had created, and some would have tried to 
overcome others! Glorified be Allah above all that they attribute to Him!" 

21:21-22 Had there been other deities besides Allah then those other deities 

would have brought and produced the creatures that they had 
created. One deity would have overcome another deity and the 
universe would be completely destroyed. 

Or have they taken (for worship) aliha (gods) from the earth who raise the 

dead? 

Had there been therein (in the heavens and the earth) gods besides Allah, 

then Verily both would have been ruined. Glorified be Allah, the Lord of the 

Throne, (High is He) above what they attribute to Him!" 

21:24-25 'If indeed there is another deity besides Allah, show proof of this. 

There has never been a messenger except that they were sent with the 
creed of the Oneness of Allah (■&' ^-y): 'There is no ilah except 



34 Surah Al Shu - ara (26), ayat 5 1 -52. 

" Surah Saba' (34), ayah 91. 

" Surah Al Anbiya' (21), ayat 21-22. 

Page I 42 



Allah' - Oneness of worship (^j* a»»jS). 

(JjJ Oj-^S b'f ^1 id) V jas! aJJ ^^ 

Or ftave rfiey taken for Worship (other) dliha (gods) besides Him? Say: 
"Bring Your proof:" This (the Qur an) is the Reminder for those with Me 
and the Reminder for those before Me. But most of them know not the truth, 
so they are averse. 

And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Mu ammad M) but We 
inspired him (saying): "La ildha ilia Ana [none has the Right to be 
worshipped but I (Allah)], so Worship Me (Alone and none else). "" 

Allah, the First and the Last - 
(al' awwal wa'l akhir - j*Vl j Jjftl) 



57:3 Allah is the First - there is nothing before Him; and the Last - there 

is nothing after Him. 

3 pSs- jjji, JS^ y»j cJ?Q\} 'jj^ v 5 jh^J ^Ji^ 1 >* 

He is the first (Nothing is before Him) and the Last (Nothing is after him), 
the Most High (Nothing is above Him) and the Most near (Nothing is nearer 
than Him). And He is the AU-Knower of Every thing.™ 

55:26-27 Allah is eternal and can never be destroyed nor 

28:88 negated. 

•'1: ^Jfi cH£l -A ^V *KJ L&i ; CE ^ *& cf *S 

Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish. 

And the face of your Lord full of Majesty and honour will abide forever.™ 

JSdLT i] /i^i-j "J] illli jJgL jt J» ■§] aJJ *J 'J-\% l^j'l *ut ii £JG "ij 

' aJI- 



And invoke not any other Ilah (God) along with Allah, La ildha ilia Huwa 
(none has the Right to be worshipped but He). Everything will perish save 
His Face. His is the decision, and to Him you (all) shall be returned. 4 ' 



" Surah Al Anbiya' (21), ayat 24-25. 
38 Surah Al Hadid (57), ayah 3. 
19 Surah Al Rahman (55), ayat 26-27. 
4,1 Surah Al Qasas (28), ayah 88. 



Page I 43 



Allah is different to that which He created (Makhluq - (Ji^) 



42:1 1 There is nothing comparable or parallel to Allah. The Lord of all the 

Worlds has no partners whatsoever and He is in no need of any 
helper because He is the Most Exalted. 



&• 1)1 



■l"ill tf'i t-?"'jjl 15C~jbl Qf J>d JXj- (ji'jMlj tJLJ'y^JL Jl Je\i 

> ■" ' ,','*».■ ,-,-'-. ,",'■- 

The Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you mates from 
yourselves, and for the cattle (also) mates. By this means He creates you (in 
the wombs). There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the 
All-Seer." 

112:1-4 There is no being to equal Him or similar in being with Him. 

Say f O Mu ammad S): "He is Allah, (the) One. 

"Allah-u - amad (the Self-Sufficient master, whom All creatures need, He 

neither eats nor drinks). 

"He begets not, nor was He begotten; 

"And there is none co-equal or comparable unto him. "" 

Allah is omnipotent (qudrah - »jj5) 



54:49-50 The authority of Allah is absolute, wherever and whenever that is. 

(JjgjyyaJb jrwJS lJj>-'j "^! l^r*' l-*J C'"=' : J^H Al^jtlj- lis" ^P 1^! 

Verily, We have created All things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of 
All things before their creation, as written In the Book of decrees Al-Lau 
Al-Ma fu ). 
And Our Commandment is but one, as the twinkling of an eye." 

36:83 Whatsoever He wills is. 



(JgJ Oy^ry <J[) »^ JS"o>jxL. <_o-4j ^Jil 



So glorified is He and Exalted above All that they associate with Him, and 
in whose hands is the dominion of All things, and to Him you shall be 



41 Surah Al SMra (42), ayah 11. 

" Surah Al Ikhlas [or At Tauhld] (112), ayat 1-4. 

43 Surah Al Qamar (54), ayat 49-50. 



Page I 44 



returned.'* 

50:38 Allah effortlessly created this universe in 6 days (in accordance with 

the computations of Allah). 



(f^J S-^3*J ft- 4 b_JLa Laj v°bl <U-« jj Lft-kjju l_4j r^O -> 'J o>V-«~XJI 1' o lj- Juu\ 

And indeed We created the heavens and the earth and All between them in 
six days and nothing of fatigue touched Us." 



25:1-2 He created everything according to its due measurement. 

54:49 

Blessed be He who sent down the criterion (of Right and wrong, i.e. This 
Qur an) to his slave (Mu ammad M) that he may be a warner to the 'AlamTn 
(mankind andjinns). 

He to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and who 
has begotten no son (children or offspring) and for whom there is no 
partner in the dominion. He has created everything, and has measured it 
exactly according to its due measurements. 46 

Up jii. iili S( ^i, J> bj 

Verily, We have created All things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of 
All things before their creation, as written In the Book of decrees Al-Lau 
Al-Ma fu )." 

22:5-6 Take note and observe this universe. Pay attention to the being of 

'mankind' itself; 

1J d_ajaj -^a 1J <_; \Jj -y* ^S^jJlU- b li cu*-J I ^ja ^_~jj tj j^S q\ ~, uJ I L^jUj 
lj\ pbii L« ^Wj^l jj Jh^J ri-^ CfcA ^-^ s - J&5 <Zk£- \* ^a a -yA f/jj d_al& rjA 



44 Surah Sad (38), ayah 83. 
4! Surah Qaf (50), ayah 38. 
46 Surah Al Furqan (25), ayal 1-2. 
"' Surah Al Qamar (54), ayah 49. 



Page | 45 



siij'j (eft;:: rt^j r-jj J ^-= -^ o-^jljc-ojj c^/Lal pUJI lg^ UJjjI bli 3J_«La 

©^ ■%£ $ J* >'■*>% i&fi <J-~ '^i <$^ > ^' 0^ 

O mankind! If you are in doubt about the Resurrection, then Verily! We 
have created you (i.e. Adam) from dust, then from a Nufah (mixed drops of 
male and female sexual discharge i.e. offspring of Adam), then from a clot 
(a piece of thick coagulated blood) then from a little lump of flesh, some 
formed and some unformed (miscarriage), that we may make (it) clear to 
you (i.e. to show you Our power and ability to do what We will). And We 
Cause whom We will to remain in the wombs for an appointed term, then 
We bring you out as infants, then (give you growth) that you may reach your 
age of full strength. And among you there is he who dies (young), and 
among you there is he who is brought back to the miserable old age, so that 
he knows nothing after having known. And you see the earth barren, but 
when We send down water (rain) on it, it is stirred (to life), it swells and 
puts forth Every lovely kind (of growth). 

That is because Allah, He is the truth, and it is He who gives life to the dead, 
and it is He who is Able to do All things'" 

24:45 the growth of that which is created, etc. 

S-+* *Js" J-^= <J* ^' H *&i *-* *"' jk"" tO' U* ls^ o* <&i oJ^-j 

Allah has created Every moving (living) creature from water. Of them there 
are some that creep on their bellies, some that walk on two legs, and some 
that walk on four. Allah creates what He wills. Verily! Allah is Able to do 
All things. 49 

35:44-45 There is nothing in the heavens and on the earth that can diminish or 

effect the power of Allah. 

y^-i lii i^fj ^_jJii ^ ly,j\\ ilaip o% Cx£ ijijfcs ^y='ji\ jj ij_rt-~s jUjl 

J^ & j4jl _bj^/l ^ ^j CJ'^i^jLII ^j pj^ ^jA j?.y>zJ<J <UJI ^J}£ \-*J t>jS 

^o^llju oE'-'il nJL>P p-^? -1 iL=- li.li (^--^ J-?- 1 1^! ^-*^3j cr#=^j i 

©ft 
Zfave rfie;y no/ travelled in the land, and seen what was the end of those 



Ajll 



" Surah Al Hajj (22), ayat 5-6. 
' Surah Al Nur (24), ayah 45. 



Page | 46 



before them, and they were superior to them in power? Allah is not such 
that anything in the heavens or in the earth escapes Him. Verily, He is 
All Knowing, All Omnipotent. 

And if Allah were to punish men for that which they earned, He would not 
leave a moving (living) creature on the surface of the earth, but He gives 
them respite to an appointed term, and when their term comes, then Verily, 
Allah is ever All Seer of his slaves. 5 " 

2:255 Allah cannot be encompassed by the heavens and the earth. 

UJ JLgj-Ljl ^jry. \-* * Uj *-$i'^U *\ ja-^-f f-i-Z^ l£^' '^ rV if^j'^' ij 

Allah! La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be worshipped but He), the 
ever living, the One who sustains and protects All that exists. Neither 
slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the 
heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is He that can intercede with Him 
except with his Permission ? He knows what happens to them (his creatures) 
in This world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter . And they will 
never compass anything of His knowledge except that which He wills. His 
KursT extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in 
guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great." 

Allah is the Will (Mjl) 

28:68 Everything created by Allah is based upon and according to His will 

and compliance. 
The will of Allah is absolute (mutlaq - i3U«), indifferent to the intervention of 'man'. 

And your Lord creates whatsoever He wills and chooses, no choice have 
they (in any matter). Glorified be Allah, and Exalted above All that they 
associate as partners (with Him). 51 

2:34 Even angels cannot alter or affect the will of Allah. 

^yA oBj J^lilj jj l \~ i &\ i! Ij-t>=~i f'zi% lj-L>^l SSLllilJ Ills ijj 



Surah Fatir [or Al Mala ikah] (35), ayat 44-45. 

1 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 255. 
! Surah Al Qasas (28), ayah 68. 



Page | 47 



And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves before 
Adam. " And they prostrated except IblTs (Satan), he refused and was proud 
and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah)." 

3:26-27 In short, all that is willed by Allah will happen. 

rjA J*jJ f UUi rye** SJLttJ I f jCl'$ t LiO /j* i 1U 1 1 Jj Jj d-lUJ I ^ILa .Jo-$JJ I (Ji 

Ac 

l^" Cr? c-i-*-" JO^j c,.;»ll ^_ji J^ 1 £/*JJ JJ' 4 J 1 -^-" pW J 1 -^-" 

Say (O Mu ammad M): "O Allah! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the 
Kingdom to whom You will, and You take the Kingdom from whom You will, 
and You endue with honour whom You will, and You humiliate whom You 
will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do All things. 
You make the night to enter into the day, and You make the day to enter into 
the night (i.e. increase and decrease in the hours of the night and the day 
during winter and summer), You bring the living out of the dead, and You 
bring the dead out of the living. And You give wealth and sustenance to 
whom You will, without limit (measure or account)." 

42:49-50 Indeed Allah is the All-Knower and able to do all things towards 

whatever He wills. 

sL£o .-j-«j ^_~£jj liijj ;Uu3 .-j-«j <^-r »Lius La ijU^-" ji»j jflj o>V-«~XJI *_1U «d) 

To Allah belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He creates 
what He wills. He bestows female (offspring) upon whom He wills, and 
bestows male (offspring) upon whom He wills. 

Or He bestows both males and females, and He renders barren whom He 
wills. Verily, He is the All-Knower and is Able to do All things." 

2:1 17 The absoluteness of Allah's will can be seen in various ayat. 

The Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decrees a matter, He 
Only says to it : "Be!: " - and it is. 16 



• Surah Al Baqarah (2). avail 34. 

* Surah AI Imran (3), ayat 26-27. 

5 Surah AI ShSra (42), ayat 49-50. 

6 Surah AI Baqarah (2), ayah 117. 



Page | 48 



3:47 "Verily, Our Word unto a thing when We 

36:82 intend it, is only that We say unto it: 'Be! - 

40:68 and it is'" 



, E 



Sfte said: "O My Lord! How shall I have a son when no man has touched 
me. " He said: "So (it will he) for Allah creates what He wills. When He has 
decreed something, He says to it only: "Be!" and it is." 

Verily, His Command, when He intends a thing, is Only that He says to it, 
"Be!" and it is!' 9 

He if is who gives life and causes death. And when He decides upon a thing 
He says to it only: "Be!" and it is."" 

Allah, the Everliving (Al hayyu - (j^), stands alone 

40:64-65 Allah, the Lord of the 'Alamln (Oi^ *) - all that exists, the 

Everliving - there are no gods besides 
25:58 Him - the One who dies not. 

'^k=y^ cr~*-^ '<^='jy^5 »% eLLDIj \j\'J ^jVI iioaJ Ji»- l5a!I iiil 

A//a/i, if i.s He who has made for you the earth as a dwelling place and the 
sky as a canopy, and has given you shape and made your shapes good 
(looking) and has provided you with good things. That is Allah, your Lord, 
then blessed he Allah, the Lord of the 'AlamTn (mankind, jinns and all that 
exists). 

He is the ever living, La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be 
worshipped but He), so invoke Him making your Worship pure for Him 
alone (by worshipping Him alone, and none else, and by doing righteous 
deeds sincerely for Allah 's sake only, and not to show off, and not to set up 
rivals with Him in worship). All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord 



57 Surah Al Nahl (16), ayah 40. 

58 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 47. 

59 Surah Ya Sin (36), ayah 82. 

"" Surah Al Mu'min [or Ghafir] (40), ayah 68. 



Page | 49 



of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and All that exists)." alimun 



And pw? yowr frw.rt (O Mu ammad M) in the ever living One who dies not, 
and glorify His Praises, and Sufficient is He as the All-Knower of the sins of 
His slaves; 61 

2:255 He is Allah who lives and stands alone, the One who 

20:1 1 1 sustains and protects all that exists. He is the lord, 

3:1-2 perfect and free from weakness and defect. 

, , ^ .,**»,<» >>. ' I- - S f- i, '- ' * , - — ,t- 
Uj o'y-LiJI jtuJ fji "b/j i2_. jojlj-Ij "V fj~iJI l _^"JI j-* j] *^! "j ' lU ' 

Uj JL$J-L)I ^^XH ^ i* '*2 ^i'^U ^i Jfl- 1 ^ z*-*-^ <-£^' '^ rV if^O"^' (j 

o>V-«—XJI <lL*«^ ^-^"3 f ^ ^*H ->! •^-3-*- c- ,v« c co-*H Oj. -~*".: 25 j a a I >■ 

(jgj Ji_^Jl Jill 3^3 U g , ^»^ ->"_>4 "is (j^J^'i 

Allah! La ildha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be worshipped but He), the 
ever living, the One who sustains and protects All that exists. Neither 
slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the 
heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is He that can intercede with Him 
except with his Permission ? He knows what happens to them (his creatures) 
in This world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter . And they will 
never compass anything of His knowledge except that which He wills. His 
KursT extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in 
guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.'" 

And (all) faces shall be humbled before (Allah), the ever living, the one who 
sustains and protects All that exists. And he who carried (a burden of) 
wrongdoing (i.e. He who disbelieved in Allah, ascribed partners to Him, 
and did deeds of his disobedience), became indeed a complete failure (on 
that day). 61 

{j£}\ |^«3T jj, ■§] iJi ^ ST jj\ 

Alif-Ldm-Mim. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur an, and 

none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings]. 

Allah! La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be worshipped but He), the 



61 Surah Al MOmin [or Ghafir] (40), ayat 64-65. 

62 Surah Al Furqan (25), ayah 58. 

63 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 255. 

64 Surah Ta Ha (20), ayah 111. 



Page | 50 



ever living, the One who sustains and protects All that exists." 

Allah, the AU-Knower (Al 'Altai - fjkfl) 

10:61 There is nothing whatsoever which has escaped the knowledge of 

Allah even if it is only the size of an atom, either on the earth or in 
the heaven. 

6|j; pj^i ^J£ jH\'J?\% iLU'i ^ >M % .Hut 

Whatever you (O Mu ammad M) may be doing, and whatever portion you 
may be reciting from the Qur an, - and whatever deed you (mankind) may 
be doing (good or evil), We are witness thereof, when you are doing it. And 
nothing is hidden from your Lord (so much as) the weight of an atom (or 
small ant) on the earth or in the heaven. Not what is less than that or what is 
greater than that but is (written) in a clear Record."' 

3 1 :27 The Word of Allah, His knowledge and His will are absolute. 



And if All the trees on the earth were pens and the sea (were ink wherewith 
to write), with seven seas behind it to add to its (supply), yet the Words of 
Allah would not be exhausted. Verily, Allah is All Mighty, All Wise. 1 ' 1 



Allah's Word (Kalamullah - 'M fa 



4:164 Allah spoke to the Prophet Musa «3> at a time appointed by Him. 

7:143 

And Messengers We have mentioned to you before, and Messengers We 



65 Surah Al Imran (3), ayat 1-2. 

66 Surah Yunus (10), ayah 61. 
*' Surah Luqman (31), 27. 



Page | 5 1 



have not mentioned to you, - and to Musa (Moses) Allah spoke directly.™ 

eff^P c^ ^ ?~m 3^' Li-> '-O J^ j4 -U -"*-»JSj \'-V~°u?\ l$*y »!?■ l-^j 

JliJJ j4j3 l ££ llis ^jj 3^-li j4jL6=l« ^1^11 o!^ J^-ll J! 3^' o^j 
J_jl liiij -3HJJ cup l££ ' ■»-' ■ - J 15 t3Lsl LUs ti*^ (^">* j»y L^=-i j<1*j- 

And wnen Mfi.«« (Moses) came at the time and place appointed by Us, and 
his Lord spoke to him, he said: "O My Lord! show me (Yourself), that I may 
look upon You. " Allah said: "You cannot see Me, but look upon the 
mountain if it stands still in its place then you shall see me. " so when his 
Lord appeared to the mountain , He made it collapse to dust, and Musa 
(Moses) fell down unconscious. Then when he recovered his senses he said: 
"Glory be to you, I turn to You in repentance and I am the first of the 
believers. "" 

42:51 Nobody whomsoever receives the word from Allah except through 

inspiration (the word of Allah, which was revealed to the 
Messengers is that which is revealed in the form of books and also in 
the form of scrolls - refer page 214, chapter 11). 

(;'?;; JL^=lj>- ^£- j4jj cLLi L ^AjJJj 

It is not given to any human being that Allah should speak to him unless (it 
be) by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or (that) He sends a Messenger to 
reveal what He wills by his Leave. Verily, He is Most High, Most Wise. 1 ' 

Allah is the All-hearing and the All-Seeing - (As Saml' wai 

Baslr -jj^I j £mU!) 



42: 1 1 The hearing and sight of Allah is perfect and nothing like the hearing 

20:46 and sight of His creatures. 



The Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you mates from 
yourselves, and for the cattle (also) mates. By this means He creates you (in 



68 Surah AINisa' (4), ayah 164. 

69 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 143. 

70 Surah Al ShSra (42), ayah 5 1 . 



Page | 52 



the wombs). There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the 
All-Seer. 1 ' 



//e (Allah) said: "Fear not, Verily! I am with you both, hearing and 
seeing. 12 

58:1 Allah hears and sees all 'mankind"s actions. Allah hears and knows 

41:36 the appeals of His servants. 

Indeed Allah has heard the statement of her (Khaulah bint Tha 'labah) that 
disputes with you (O Mu ammad 0) concerning her husband (Aus bin 
A amit), and complains to Allah. And Allah hears the argument between 
you both. Verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Seer. 11 

And (J an evil whisper from Shai an (Satan) tries to turn you away (O 
Mu ammad M) (from doing good, etc.), then seek refuge in Allah. Verily, 
He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. 1 ' 

42:27 Allah sees and knows His slaves. Allah sees and hears whatsoever 

exists. 

j4jl fLio U jJLflj Jj^j rS~lj j-bj'b/l <j I^L-J ^ a :?t-?*-! ^jy' *^l -Ja-ll ^Jj § 



And if Allah were to enlarge the provision for His slaves, they would surely 
rebel in the earth, but He sends down by measure as He wills. Verily! He is 
in respect of His slaves, the Well-Aware, the All-Seer (of things that benefit 
them). 1 ' 

6:103 Allah cannot be seen by the sight of 'mankind'. 



No vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over All vision. He is the Most 
Subtle and Courteous, Well Acquainted with All things. 11 ' 



" Surah Al SMra (42), ayah 1 1 . 
11 Surah Ta Ha (20), ayah 46. 
" Surah Al Mujadilah (58), ayah 1. 
" Surah Fujsilat (41), ayah 36. 
" Surah Al Shura (42), ayah 27. 
" Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 103. 



Page | 53 



Knowing the Names and Attributes of Allah 

'Allah' is the self-essential name of the Lord of the universe. 
28:68-70 He Himself has named Himself Allah. 

„* I** y t ■* t ~ * > > > * - i * * -> t 



And yowr Lord creates whatsoever He wills and chooses, no choice have 
they (in any matter). Glorified be Allah, and Exalted above All that they 
associate as partners (with Him). 

And your Lord knows what their breasts conceal, and what they reveal. 
And He is Allah; La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be worshipped 
but He). His is All praise, in the first (i.e. in This world) and in the Last 
(i.e. in the Hereafter). And for Him is the decision, and to Him shall you (all) 
be returned. 11 

20:14 Only towards Allah alone must all creatures serve. 

"Verily! I am Allah! La ilaha ilia Ana (none lias the Right to be worshipped but I), so 
Worship Me, and perform A alat (Iqdmat-a - aldt) for My remembrance. 7 " 

Allah possesses the Most Beautiful Names - 

(Al 'Asma'ul husna - ^-"taJlf -Jtfl) 

™>, Allah, cannot be translated, interpreted or substituted with or by means of 
any other word. For example, "God, ,Gott, Dieu, Dios, Tuhan, Gusti, etc" do not 
represent the qualities and attributes present within the name *', This particular 
enunciation is known as Al Lafaz ul Jalalah - *u^v?JI -Jail - 'The Sublimest 
Pronounciation' 



" Surah Qasas (28), ayat 68-70. 
' s Surah Ta Ha (20), ayah 14. 



Page I 54 



3?<! 







1. Al Rahman 



The Most Lovingly Beneficent, The Most Kind and Giving, The Most Gracious, The 

Infinitely Good 



1:3; 2:163; 13:30; 20:5; 20:109; 50:33; 78:38 



The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. 19 



jjj jl^T ^J-^\ > MJ idj V a?- 3 III >^JJ3 

And >'o«r /Za« (God) is one Hah (God - Allah), La ildha ilia Huwa (there is 
none who has the Right to be worshipped hut He), the Most Beneficent, the 
Most Merciful." 



d^ * jLxJ* <uJJ3 cJ-^=3^ ^p 3-* "^! ^! "^ Jij 3-* IS* o^^U o^y^-i 

Thus have We sent you (O Mu ammad 0) to a community before whom 
other communities have passed away, in order that you might recite unto 
them what We have inspired to you, while they disbelieve in the Most 
Beneficient (Allah) say: :He is my Lord! La ildha ilia Huwa (none has the 
Right to be worshipped but He)! In Him is my trust, and to Him will be my 
return with repentance. " 81 

The Most Beneficent (Allah) Istawd (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne (in a 
manner that suits his Majesty).' 1 



(jjj M3I >*] l^'j'i cr^>" ^ ^' if '• ** iii -" f-f^ * $-t*}l 



* Surah Al Fatihah (1), ayah 3. 
" Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 163. 

1 Surah AIRa'd (13), ayah 30. 

2 Surah fa Ha (20), ayah 5. 



Page I 55 



On that Day no intercession shall avail, except the one for whom the Most 
Beneficent (Allah) has given permission and whose word is acceptable to 
Him." 



"Who feared the Most Beneficent (Allah) in the Ghaih (unseen): (i.e. in this 
worldly life before Seeing and Meeting Him), and brought a heart turned in 
repentance (to Him - and absolutely free from each and Every kind of 
polytheism),.."" 



\j\'y^> Jlij -jijP^JI 4] 0^' o- 4 "^1 ^L>>°-^-^ - * J *-^ S ^S^UJlj r-j^Jl [»^aj fyi 



The Day that Ar-Ruh [JibrTl (Gabriel) or another angel] and the angels will 
stand forth in rows, none shall speak except him whom the Most Beneficent 
(Allah) allows, and he will speak what is right." 




2. AlRahlm 

The Most Merciful, The Most Compassionate 
1:3; 4:64; 27:30; 34:2 

The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful."' 

;'t; li~~j bl_^J <0Jl lj-i^->l Jj-~pl JLgJ JiiLLVj alii Ijyiillli 

We .se«f no Messenger, but to be obeyed by Allah's Leave. If they 
(hypocrites), when they had been unjust to themselves, had come to you 
(Mu ammad M) and begged Allah's Forgiveness, and the Messenger had 
begged Forgiveness for them: indeed, they would have found Allah 
All-Forgiving (one who accepts repentance), Most Merciful.' 1 



83 Surah Ta Ha (20), ayah 109. 

84 Surah Qaf(50), ayah 33. 

85 Surah AINaba (78), ayah 38. 

86 Surah Al Fatihah (1), ayah 3. 

87 Surah Al Nisa (4),ayah 64 



Page I 56 



"Verily! it is from Sulaiman (Solomon), and Verily! it (reads): In the Name 
of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful;" 



//e knows that which goes into the earth and that which comes forth from it, 
and that which descend from the heaven and that which ascends to it. And 
He is the Most Merciful, the Oft Forgiving." 



% A 



3. Al Malik 

The King, The Ruler 
3:26; 59:23 

Say (O Mu ammad 0): "O Allah! Possessor of the Kingdom, You give the 
Kingdom to whom You will, and You take the Kingdom from whom You will, 
and You endue with honour whom You will, and You humiliate whom You 
will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do All things.'" 

'y_yS\ ^_^UT ^>IJT ( UuT ^.jiilt iiUJI > H\ iilj ^' S JjT ST 3^ 

//e i'i AH<J/j f/ian whom there is La ildha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be 
worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the one free from All defects, the 
Giver of Security, the Watcher over his creatures, the All-Mighty, the 
Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above All that they 
associate as partners with Him." 



88 Surah Al Naml(27), ayah 30. 

89 Surah Saba' (34), ayah 2. 

"" Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 26. 
" Surah Al Hashr (59), ayah 23. 



Page I 57 



*>.V*i 



4. AlQuddus 



The Most Holy, The Most Pure, The All-Perfect 



59:23:62:1 




ilulIT > "5j iij ^ — S JkjT ST ji 



//e is Allah than whom there is La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be 
worshipped hut He) the King, the Holy, the one free from All defects, the 
Giver of Security, the Watcher over his creatures, the All-Mighty, the 
Compeller, the Supreme. Glory he to Allah! (High is He) above All that they 
associate as partners with Him. 91 

fjfj^^-SyU j^xJI 1 _ r »j JLaJI diill u^J^I j Ijj Q'3'».tll j li AJJ 7t1~j 

Wftateoever ;'.s in the heavens and whatsoever is on the earth glorifies Allah, 
the King (of everything), the Holy, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. 91 




5. Al Salam 



The Source of Peace, The Flawless, The Source of Wholeness and Weil-Being, 
The One Free from all defects 



59:23 



//e is Allah than whom there is La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be 



1 Surah Al Hashr (59), ayah 23. 
5 Surah Al Jumu'ah (62), ayah 1. 



Page | 58 



worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One free from All defects, the 
Giver of Security, the Watcher over his creatures, the All-Mighty, the 
Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above All that they 
associate as partners with Him.'" 



jv-r^v* 



yg.ji -i 




6. AlMumin 

The Remover of Fear, The Giver of Tranquillity, The Source of Faith, The 
Giver of security 

59:23 

jjpT ^\jZ^Ji\ y$2\ ( UuT ^.jialt ilUJi > •§! iJj H suit % -^ 

//e is Allah than whom there is La ildha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be 
worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One free from All defects, the 
Giver of Security, the Watcher over his creatures, the All-Mighty, the 
Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above All that they 
associate as partners with Him.'" 







7. AlMuhaimin 

The Protector, The Bestower of Security, The Guardian, The Safeguarder, The 
Watcher over His creatures 

5:48; 59:23 

l_a fj 15 llll! 1 ')>-!JJ 5 -lr»- ^ d_4 I \ *-"3-Uj>cJ *UJ I i Lii V J ^ t g • a j ^P^^l (*5*-^« 



54 Surah Al Hashr (59), ayah 23. 
'-' Surah Al Hashr (59), ayah 23. 



Page I 59 



> -'- 

Ami we ftave .seni down to you (O Mu ammad M) the Book (this Qur an) in 
truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it and Muhaiminan 
(trustworthy in highness and a witness) over it (old Scriptures). So judge 
between them by what Allah has revealed, and follow not their vain desires, 
diverging away from the Truth that has come to you. To each among you, 
we have prescribed a Law and a clear way. If Allah willed, He would have 
made you one nation, but that (He) may test you in what He has given you; 
so strive as in a race in good deeds. The return of you (all) is to Allah; Then 
He will inform you about that in which you used to differ.'"' 

He is Allah than whom there is La ilaha Ma Huwa (none has the Right to be 
worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One free from All defects, the 
Giver of Security, the Watcher over his creatures, the All-Mighty, the 
Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above All that they 
associate as partners with Him. 97 




8. AI Aziz 

The Mighty, The Strong, Dignified and Powerful, The Eminent, The All-Mighty 

3:4; 11:66; 27:9; 38:66; 54:42; 59:23 
jujLi ilji JL$J Jill c-^jLL Ijj^S" oir^' o! o'-Sj^-" lip'j ^.lll) <_J-u» J3 ^ 

0^iii,Tjij^p iiiij 

Aforetime, as a guidance to mankind, and He sent down the criterion [of 
judgement between Right and wrong (this Qur an)]. Truly, those who 
disbelieve in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, 
etc.) of Allah, for them there is a Severe torment; and Allah is All-Mighty, 
All-Able of Retribution.'" 



" Surah AI Ma idah (5), ayah 48. 
" Surah AI Hashr (59), ayah 23. 
" Surah AI 'Imran (3), ayah 4. 



Page | 60 



So wften Our Commandment came, We saved dlih (Saleh) and those who 
believed with him by a Mercy from Us, and from the disgrace of that Day. 
Verily, your Lord, He is the All-Strong, the All-Mighty. " 



"0 Musa (Moses)! Verily! it is I, Allah, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise J°° 



Op J-&ju\ JJJ*JI '-^t-H ~J (J^J^'J Oj 1 » ."II Oj 



'Tfte Lord o/ rfie heavens and the earth and All that is between them, the 
All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving. """ 



(They) belied all Our signs, so We seized them with a seizure of the 
All-Mighty, All-Capable to carry out what He will (Omnipotent)." 2 

//e is AHd/j i/jan whom there is La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be 
worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One free from All defects, the 
Giver of Security, the Watcher over his creatures, the All-Mighty, the 
Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above All that they 
associate as partners with Him. "" 



9. AUabbar 



The Restorer, The Repairer, The All-Compelling, The Irresistible 



"Surah Hud (11), ayah 66. 

100 Surah Al Naml (27), ayah 9. 

101 Surah Sad (38), ayah 66. 

102 Surah Al Qamar (54), ayah 42. 

103 Surah Al Hashr (59), ayah 23. 



Page | 61 



59:23 



' ^.jiii ill)! ^jiaJi jJUj! > VJ SjJj V ^ sOjT S! y, 






jj£=*j&i ui All I 



^ *--^" <Jl jll^ejl 



He is Allah than whom there is La ildha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be 
worshipped hut He) the King, the Holy, the One free from All defects, the 
Giver of Security, the Watcher over his creatures, the All-Mighty, the 
Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above All that they 
associate as partners with Him. >° 4 



■iv* 




10. Al Mutakabbir 



The Supremely Great, The Possessor of all Rights, The Perfection of Greatness 



59:23 

jjjiT ^^UT ^>U! ill)! ^.jiil! J-iUJi > ■§! i±Jj ^ 



ijji *iii 3-» 



3ydi l_Lp 4jJ 




//e is Allah than whom there is La ildhd ilia Huwa (none hds the Right to I 
worshipped but He) the King, the Holy, the One free from All defects, the 
Giver of Security, the Watcher over his creatures, the All-Mighty, the 
Compeller, the Supreme. Glory be to Allah! (High is He) above All that they 
associate as partners with Him. "" 



11. Al Khaliq 




The Creator, The Planner, The Creator of all things 



6:102; 15:28; 40:62 



104 Surah Al Hashr (59), ayah 23. 

105 Surah Al Hashr (59), ayah 23. 



Page | 62 



tjj, js ji ^Aj o_j j-pLs >^_>i J-^= jiii- 3-«. S/j *Ji V ^sij «&i «-£*J'S 

Such is Allah, your Lord! La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be 
worshipped hut He), the Creator of All things. So Worship Him (Alone), 
and He is the Wakil (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian, etc.) over All 
things." 6 



And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "I am going to create a 
man (Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. " w7 

gjj Oj5% ,J^ > % *JJ "^ »,*£ ji= JJ-^ pSoj ST ^=aJ'i 

77j«f is Allah, your Lord, the Creator of All things, La ilaha ilia Huwa (none 
has the Right to be worshipped but He), where then you are turning away 
(from Allah, by worshipping others instead of him)!' " 



*# 



m 



12. Al Bari 



The Maker, The Producer, The Evolver, The Maker from Nothing, The Inventor of all 

things 



2:54; 59:24 

c^ljiJl jjb j*ol ^5Lip Oils l5ojl_j -up 15\J JL>- ^SCJ'i iSLlijI IjiiSti ISCjjLj 

And (remember) when Musa (Moses) said to his people: "O my people! 
Verily, you have wronged yourselves by worshipping the calf, so turn in 
repentance to your Creator and kill yourselves (the innocent kill the 
wrongdoers among you), that will be better for you with your Lord. " Then 
He accepted Your repentance. Truly, He is the one who accepts repentance, 
the Most Merciful. 109 



106 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 102. 
"" Surah Al Hijr (15), ayah 28. 

108 Surah Al Mu'min [or Ghafir] (40), ayah 62. 

109 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 54. 



Page | 63 



//e is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor of All things, the Bestower of forms. 
To Him belong the best Names. All that is in the heavens and the earth 
glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise."" 



*&£ 




13. Al Musawwir 



The Fashioner, The Bestower of Forms, The Shaper 



3:6; 40:64; 59:24 

He if is who shapes you in the wombs as He pleases. La ildha ilia Huwa 
(none has the Right to be worshipped but He), the All-Mighty, the 
All-Wise.'" 



dJ ^i^ 1 -4-0 -^ -^j 1 ^ "r^j "i! j^'i s^4W' c^ f^Sji 

Allah, it is He who has made for you the earth as a dwelling place and the 
sky as a canopy, and has given you shape and made your shapes good 
(looking) and has provided you with good things. That is Allah, your Lord, 
then blessed be Allah, the Lord of the Alamln (mankind, jinns and All that 
exists)." 2 

. - - . - >- , -, V. ,--..<- r-*,. - ,~ ' ." , .»>'.*,' 

At 

//e is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor of All things, the Bestower of forms. 
To Him belong the best Names. All that is in the heavens and the earth 
glorify Him. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise." 3 



' '" Surah Al Hashr (59), ayah 24. 

1 ' ' Surah Al ' Imran (3), ayah 6. 

112 Surah AlMu'min [or Ghafir](40), ayah 64. 

1 " Surah Al Hashr (59), ayah 24. 

Page | 64 



i. 

14. AlGhaffar 



The All-Forgiving, The Absolver, The Veiler of Sins and Faults, The Most Protecting 
One, The Oft-Forgiving 



38:66; 39:5; 71:10 

(CO jLoju) jij*-»\ L*^~u L*j (j^j'^'j Oj' » ■•'11 Oj 

"The Lord of the heavens and the earth and All that is between them, the 
All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving. """ 

Jv J; yiil I JjJ«J I 3-» Ml (.y*—^ J-? - "^ L£j4-~ L^= J-°-°-"j J~-°-^-l I _/>f» j 

//e /las created the heavens and the earth with truth. He makes the night to 
go in the day and makes the day to go in the night. And He has subjected the 
sun and the moon. Each running (on a fixed course) for an appointed term. 
Verily, He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving.' 11 



fT^i IjIjLp ^j_jb j<gI *Ssjj IjjO*" '.I c-Jjii 



"/ said (to them): Ask Forgiveness from your Lord; Verily, He is 
Oft-Forgiving; 1 " 



.-— 




15. AlQahhar 



The Ever-Dominating, The Conqueror, The Prevailer, The Irresistible 



13:16; 38:65; 39:4 



14 Surah Sad (38), ayah 66. 
ls Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 5. 
" Surah Nuh (71), ayah 10. 



Page | 65 



o^ilJiJI (Jy-ZS 1\a j»I j^^iJIj ^^i-P^II (Jy~-i U-* Ij^ 'Jv= *^j ^-^ ^ jj ' y"'' ^ 

Say (0 Mu ammad M): "Who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth?" 
Say: "(It is) Allah." Say: "Have you then taken (for worship) Auliya' 
(protectors, etc.) other than Him, such as have no power either for benefit 
or for harm to themselves?" Say: "Is the blind equal to the one who sees? 
or darkness equal to light? or do they assign to Allah partners who created 
the like of his creation, so that the creation (which they made and His 
creation) seemed alike to them. " Say: "Allah is the Creator of All things, 
He is the one, the Irresistible. "'" 

gjj jlp-H if >lT SI "5j aJ[ Jj L.j jjui til Ui| 'Ji 

Say (O Mu ammad M): "I am only a warner and there is no Ildh (God) 
except Allah (none has the Right to be worshipped but Allah) the One, the 
Irresistible,..' 1 " 

ifoj A/Za/i willed to take a son (or offspring or children), He could have 
chosen whom He pleased out of those whom He created. But Glory be to 
him! (He is above such things). He is Allah, the one, the Irresistible."'' 




16. AlWahhab 

The Most Liberal Bestower, The Great Giver, The Giver of Gifts, The Real Bestower 

3:8; 38:9 

" Surah Al Ra'd (13), ayah 16. 
18 Surah Sad (38), ayah 65. 
1 " Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 4. 

Page | 66 



(They say): "Our Lord! let not our hearts deviate (from the truth) after You 
have guided us, and grant us Mercy from You. Truly, You are the 
Bestower. """ 



Or have they the treasures of the Mercy of your Lord, the All-Mighty, the 
Real Bestower?' 2 ' 



17. AlRazzaq 



The Provider, The Providence, The Supplier, The Bestower of Sustenance The 
All-Provider 



51:58 
Verily, Allah is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, The Most Strong. 122 



18. AlFattah 



The Revealer, The Granter of Success, The All-Opener 



34:26 

Say: "Our Lord will assemble us All together (on the Day of Resurrection), 
then He will judge between us with truth. And He is the (most Trustworthy) 
All Knowing Judge. ""' 



120 Surah Al Imran (3) ayah 8. 

121 Surah Sad (38), ayah 9. 

122 Surah Adh Dhariyat (51), ayah 58. 

123 Surah Saba' (34), ayah 26. 



Page | 67 



¥ 




19. Al AHm 



The All-Knowing, The Omniscient, The Certain-Knowing 

2:247; 2:181; 3:35; 6:13; 58:7 
JLJI <d OjSv (jl I3J t-5 6X ^j_^U» * t ^-"1 tLju is alii 0! Ji^ Ji-$J Jlij 



Alflja^a I <UJl (jl Jli JUJI ^%? 4*~« OJ^ (Uj ^ dil_«JLj J^js-I />^-j LLJ^ 

, „,„ t_, , ,, ', ,, fi * u ~ -~ '',,,. ' •', 

And ttViV Prophet (Samuel) said to them, "Indeed Allah has appointed 
dlut (Saul) as a king over you. " They said, "How can he be a king over us 
when we are better fitted than him for the kingdom, and he has not been 
given enough wealth. " He said: "Verily, Allah has chosen him above you 
and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allah 
grants His Kingdom to whom He wills. And Allah is Ail-Sufficient for his 
creatures' needs, All-Knower. " ,u 

'~\ s\& *~j?" ^ 0\ J ^_^^-H 0^' tj"^ -"*-«-j! UjJJ j'iju?" Uj_*j j^Jjj l j^j 

Then whoever changes the bequest after hearing it, the sin shall be on those 
who make the change. Truly, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.'" 

c-jl ii-bl ^* L)^-^ Llp*- 4 eff^ (3 * U o>j-ij <jj Oj Oj-«-f ol^«l cJii il 

(Remember) when the wife of Imran said: "O my Lord! I have vowed to 
You what (the child that) is in my womb to be dedicated for Your services 
(free from all worldly work; to serve Your place of worship), so accept this, 
from me. Verily, You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knowing. " :26 



124 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 247. 

125 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 181. 

126 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 35. 



Page 



And to Him belongs whatsoever exists in the night and the day, and He is 
the All Hearing, the All Knowing. " m 



Have you not seen that Allah knows whatsoever is in the heavens and 
whatsoever is on the earth? There is no Najwa (secret counsel) of three, hut 
He is their fourth (with His knowledge, while He himself is over the Throne, 
over the seventh heaven), nor of five but He is their sixth (with His 
Knowledge), not of less than that or more, but He is with them (with His 
knowledge) wheresoever they may be; and afterwards on the Day of 
Resurrection, He will inform them of what they did. Verily, Allah is the 
All-Knower of everything. n " 

20. AlQabid 

The Withholder, The Restrainer, The Constrictor, The Decreaser of provisions 

2:245 
A^a-_aj <UJlj 5^d_^= lilies I ja] jd o*' ,,r,.* L^-l>- W^ *^' u^j^-i <-£r^' '^ <v* 



JJ**-y : 



Who is he that will lend to Allah a goodly loan so that He may multiply it to 
him many times? And it is Allah that decreases or increases (your 
provisions), and unto Him you shall return.' 29 



Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 13. 
8 Surah Al Mujadilah (58), ayah 7. 
' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 245. 



Page 



iy$*j 



21. AlBasit 



The Unfolder, The Expander, The Releaser, The Increaser of provisions 
17:30 

Truly, your Lord enlarges the provision for whom He wills and straitens 
(for whom He wills). Verily, He is ever All-Know er, All-Seer of his slaves.' 10 



UrA 



22. AlKhafid 



The Humbler, The One who Softens, The Lowerer (The One who brings low) 



56:3 



...it will bring low (some); (and others) it will exalt; - 



^3 4*slj d-^iis-. 




23. AlRafi 



The Uplifter, The Exalter, The Exalted 



2:253; 3:55; 58:11 



J Sirrah Allsra (17), ayah 30. 
1 Surah Al Waqi'ah (56), ayah 3. 



Page | 70 






, ^ 



fjgj JUjj Ci Jiij ail J^yJj Ijixisl L. jil ili yj ^iS" 

Those Messengers! We preferred some to others; to some of them Allah 
spoke (directly); others He raised to degrees (of honour); and to 'Iesa 
(Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), we gave clear proofs and evidences, 
and supported Him with Ruh-ul-Qudus [Jibrael (Gabriel)]. If Allah had 
willed, succeeding generations would not have fought against each other, 
after clear Verses of Allah had come to them, but they differed - some of 
them believed and others disbelieved. If Allah had willed, they would not 
have fought against one another, but Allah does what He likes.' 12 



And (remember) when Allah said: "O 'lesa (Jesus)! I will take you and 
raise you to myself and clear you [of the forged statement that Tesa (Jesus) 
is Allah 's son] of those who disbelieve, and I will make those who follow 
you (Monotheists, who Worship none but Allah) superior to those who 
disbelieve [in the Oneness of Allah, or disbelieve in some of his 
Messengers, e.g. Mu ammad , 'Iesa (Jesus), Musd (Moses), etc., or in His 
Holy Books, e.g. the Taurdt (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel), the Qur an] till the 
Day of Resurrection. Then you will return to Me and I will judge between 
you in the matters in which you used to dispute. "'" 

1SCI JJI ft_~jL l_pt_~jli ~Lit_«Jl 5 \jxJju ISC J_i lil \~yu\", <ji_jl t^_Uj 

c-ii-ji jUjJI IjjjI jjiJJIj iS-^j l_jijli |ji4jl *iil xi'J> Ijjiili Ijjiil JJ lijj 

Fo« vv/io believe! When you are told to make room in the assemblies, 
(spread out and) make room. Allah will give you (ample) room (from His 
Mercy). And when you are told to rise up [for prayers, Jihad (holy fighting 
in Allah's Cause), or for any other good deed], rise up. Allah will exalt in 
degree those of you who believe, and those who have been granted 
knowledge. And Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do.' 14 



132 Surah Al Baqarah(2), ayah 253. 

133 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 55. 

134 Surah Al Mujadilah (58), ayah 11. 

Page | 71 



**V: 



24. AlMuizz 

The Honorer, The Strengthener, The Glorifier, The Enduer of honour 

3:26 
jv* j*jJ IVZZ q^ i 1U II f-jOJ 1\J£ ^ * 1U II ^Jj tili^JI ^XLa ^4JJl Ji 

i;'"): jjjj f Jgii Ji {Js- <Lk\ j>J>c]\ •^•^. i&S ^yt (J^JJ i Lio 

Soy (O Mh ammad 0): "O Allah! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the 
Kingdom to whom You will, and You take the Kingdom from whom You will, 
and You endue with honour whom You will, and You humiliate whom You 
will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do All things.'" 



««■ 



25. AlMudhill 

The Dishonorer, The Disgracer, The Degrader, The Humiliator 
3:26 

SjA jAJj lVZ2> q^a i 1U II pjOj iLZZ qA * 1U II ^jp dAl«Jl ^Ula ^a-fUl Ji 

Say (0 Mh ammad M): "O Allah! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the 
Kingdom to whom You will, and You take the Kingdom from whom You will, 
and You endue with honour whom You will, and You humiliate whom You 
will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do All things.' 16 



' Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 26. 
3 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 26. 



Page | 72 




26. AlSamI' 



The All-Hearing, The Ever-Listening, The All-Hearer 



2:181; 6:13; 17:1; 40:20; 40:56 

■:'~: *Ut *-j?" *ojI o! j ^^'^i o^-r^' ^J^ jd -«^! UjJj i*jlc» L»j_*j jaJjj l - J ^j 

77je« whoever changes the bequest after hearing it, the sin shall he on those 
who make the change. Truly, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower." 7 



(JfJjLJjJI a^-1" j-*j jt^'j <_U' i4Cr*~" *-* J % ' 



And to Him belongs whatsoever exists in the night and the day, and He is 
the All Hearing, the All Knowing. """ 



i;;'";: j5^i_J I *_wo_*Xj I jA j4jl Luujls ,>« Ji ^LrM ^j>- GS^yj (j:-\jl 

Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) [above All that (evil) they associate 
with Him] who took his slave (Mu ammad M) for a journey by night from 
Al-Masjid-al- aram (at Makkah) to the farthest mosque (in Jerusalem), the 
neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that we might show him 
(Mu ammad M) of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, 
He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.'"' 



1L * ** 

^sjljl jjb <ibl ^1 & J^io Qj^Qj *i ^J^ i>? Oj^^-i Oip^lj t3^U ^s^-i ^'3 

r-^ ' 'II 



And Allah judges with truth, while those to whom they invoke besides Him, 
cannot judge anything. Certainly, Allah! He is the All-Hearer, the 

All-Seer.' 40 



m Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 181. 

138 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 13. 

"' Surah Allsra (17), ayah 1. 

140 Surah Al MC'min [or Ghafir](40), ayah 20. 



Page I 73 



Verily, those who dispute about the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, 
signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, without any authority having come to 
them, there is nothing else in their breasts except pride [to accept you 
(Mu ammad M) as a Messenger of Allah and to obey you]. They will never 
have it (i.e. Prophethood which Allah has bestowed upon you). So seek 
Refuge in Allah (O Muhammad Mfrom the arrogants). Verily, it is He who 
is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. 141 



3*^ 

27. AlBasIr 



The All-Seeing, The All-Perceiving, The All-Comprehending, The All-Seer 

4:58; 17:1; 40:20; 40:56; 67:19 
\^SJ- q\ l _ r LdT ijjj J^SS- liU Lgiit <3J c-.'-i'WT ijip q\ 'Sjfc '-Sit o! * 

Verily! Allah commands that you should render back the trusts to those, to 
whom they are due; and that when you judge between men, you judge with 
justice. Verily, how excellent is the teaching which He (Allah) gives you! 
Truly, Allah is ever All Hearer, All Seer." 2 



Glorified (and Exalted) be He (Allah) [above All that (evil) they associate 
with Him] who took his slave (Mu ammad M) for a journey by night from 
Al-Masjid-al- aram (at Makkah) to the farthest mosque (in Jerusalem), the 
neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that we might show him 
(Mu ammad M) of Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.). Verily, 
He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer." 1 



141 Surah Al MC'min [or Ghafir](40), ayah 56. 

142 Surah An Nisa (4), ayah 58. 

143 Surah Allsra (17), ayah 1. 



Page | 74 



«_^aJlJI jjb *ibl jj f^io Q j^oj "b/ ^^Jj-i ;>? Oj*'**-?. O^'j i3^-^-J es^ 2- ^ J 

r-^ ' 'II 

And Allah judges with truth, while those to whom they invoke besides Him, 
cannot judge anything. Certainly, Allah! He is the All-Hearer, the 
All-Seer. 144 

(go jt .^ . f ±* ...11 1a j^jl *UjLj Jjcl^Ls "LJlLj .,_& La 

Verily, those who dispute about the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, 
signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, without any authority having come to 
them, there is nothing else in their breasts except pride [to accept you 
(Mu ammad M) as a Messenger of Allah and to obey you]. They will never 
have it (i.e. Prophethood which Allah has bestowed upon you). So seek 
Refuge in Allah (O Muhammad Mfrom the arrogants). Verily, it is He who 
is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.'" 

Do they not see the birds above them, spreading out their wings and folding 
them in ? None upholds them except the Most Beneficent (Allah). Verily, He 
is the All-Seer of everything.' 4 '' 



28. AlHakam 

The Judge, The Giver of Justice, The Arbitrator 
5:45; 6:114; 10:109 




144 Surah Al MQ'min [or Ghafir](40), ayah 20. 
I4! Surah Al Mu'min [or Ghafir](40), ayah 56. 
146 Surah Al Mulk (67), ayah 19. 



Page I 75 



And We ordained therein for them: "Life for life, eye for eye, nose for nose, 
ear for ear, tooth for tooth, and wounds equal for equal. " But if anyone 
remits the retaliation by way of charity, it shall be for him an expiation. And 
whosoever does not judge by that which Allah has revealed, such are the 
Zalimun (polytheists and wrong doers - of a lesser degree).' 47 



'■ (;'-;~ l: o^-r^'j "$<<>' v^>" ,1 ^hj! Jjjl <_£^' >*j US^>- (J^ji aXj I ^jisl 

[Say (O Mu ammad M)] "Shall I seek a judge other than Allah while it is 
He who has sent down unto you the Book (the Qur an), explained in detail. " 
Those unto whom We gave the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel 
(Gospel)] know that it is revealed from your Lord in truth. So be not you of 
those who doubt. 148 



And (O Mu ammad M), follow the inspiration sent unto you, and be patient 
till Allah gives judgement. And He is the best of judges. "" 



•J*/ \ \ V 




29. Al Adl 

The Equitable, The Impartial, The Just, The Justice 
The name Al Adl is not specifically used as a Beautiful Name in the Quran. 



9 ■* * 

■■*-_r-r 



30. AlLatlf 



"" Surah Al Maidah (5), ayah 45. 
148 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 1 14. 
"" Surah Yunus (10), ayah 109. 

Page I 76 



The Most Subtle, The Gracious, The Refined and Benevolent, The Most Courteous and 

Kind 



6:103; 12:100; 67:14 

iVo vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over All vision. He is the Most 
Subtle and Courteous, Well Acquainted with All things.'" 



( ... « ,i t , , .« - ,, « E ,.,.,,-, ,.,<*.*{ ,, 

And ne raised his parents to the Throne and they fell down before him 
prostrate. And he said: "O my father! This is the interpretation of my dream 
aforetime! My Lord has made it come true! He was indeed good to me, 
when He took me out of the prison, and brought you (all here) out of the 
bedouin-life, after Shai an (Satan) had sown enmity between me and my 
brothers. Certainly, my Lord is the Most Courteous and kind unto whom He 
will. Truly He! Only He is the All-Knowing, the All-Wise.'" 



{JfJ^e-i-liJi^iUI 3-^3 l5^" o" ?&i "^' 



Should not He who has created know? And He is the Most kind and 
Courteous (to His slaves) All-Aware (of everything).' 12 







31. AlKhablr 



The Inner-Knowing, The Knower of Reality, The Knower of Inner Truth, The 
All-Knower of everything 



6:18; 6:103; 25:59; 34:1; 59:18; 100:11 



1,0 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 103. 

151 Surah Yusuf (12), ayah 100. 

152 Surah Al Mulk (67), ayah 14. 



Page I 77 



:;t:. jjj-i /^SSl-i 3-*j ^°^^f ^i'ji jj>[ii\ 3-aj 



And //e « the Irresistible, above his slaves, and He is the All-Wise, 
Well Acquainted with All things.'" 



Wo vision can grasp Him, but His grasp is over All vision. He is the Most 
Subtle and Courteous, Well Acquainted with All things." 4 



Who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six 
days. Then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (in a manner that suits his 
Majesty). The Most Beneficent (Allah)! Ask Him (O Prophet Mu ammad 
"M), (concerning His Qualities, His rising over His Throne, His creations, 
etc.), as He is Al-Khabir (the All-Knower of everything i.e. Allah).'" 



AW the praises and thanks be to Allah, to whom belongs all that is in the 
heavens and all that is in the earth. His is all the praises and thanks in the 
Hereafter, and He is the All Wise, the All Aware." 6 



i> : 



<&l Oj '.Oil \jj5\j oUtL^oi L. ^ji^JiiiJj *ill l_jjjl l_jj-il; d->i^" '-rJi 

O Fow w«o believe! Fear Allah and keep your duty to Him. And let every 
person look to what He has sent forth for the morrow, and fear Allah. 
Verily, Allah is All-Aware of what you do." 7 



Verily, that Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) their Lord will be 
Well-Acquainted with them (as to their deeds), (and will reward them for 



" Surah Al An' am (6), ayah 18. 
54 Surah Al Anam (6), ayah 103. 
" Surah Al Furqan (25), ayah 59. 
" Surah Saba' (34), ayah 1. 
Surah Al Hashr (59), ayah 1 8. 

Page | 78 



their deeds). '-' 



>*>$ 




32. AlHallm 

The Most Serene, The Most Kind and Gentle, The Calm Abiding, The Ever Forbearing 
9:114; 17:44; 64:17 



And [Ibrahim's (Abraham)] invoking (of Allah) for his father's forgiveness 
was only because of a Promise he [Ibrahim (Abraham)] had made to him 
(his father). But when it became clear to him [Ibrahim (Abraham)] that he 
(his father) is an enemy to Allah, he dissociated himself from him. Verily 
Ibrahim (Abraham) was Al-Awwah (has fifteen different meanings but the 
correct one seems to be that he used to invoke Allah with humility, glorify 
Him and remember Him much), and was forbearing. 1 " 



77?e seven heavens and the earth and all that is therein, glorify Him and 
there is not a thing but glorifies His praise. But you understand not their 
glorification. Truly, He is ever forbearing, Oft-Forgiving.""' 



If you lend to Allah a goodly loan (i.e. spend in Allah's Cause) He will 
double it for you, and will forgive you. And Allah is Most ready to 
appreciate and to Reward, Most forbearin. '" 



" Surah Al ' Adiyat (100), ayah 1 1 . 
' Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 114. 

Surah Allsra (17), ayah 44. 

1 Surah Al Taghabun (64), ayah 17. 



Page | 79 



33. Al Azlm 



The Supreme Glory, The Mighty Splendour, The Most Grand, The Greatest, The Most 

Great 



2:255; 3:74; 56:96; 69:52 
L«j o>'^-i-Ul j Li j*J fy Slj <i~^ jooa-L; Si f>_j~sJl j^Jl j-* "j! aJ! "^ *iil 



Allah! La ildha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be worshipped but He), the 
Ever Living, the One who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither 
slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the 
heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him 
except with his Permission ? He knows whdt happens to them (his creatures) 
in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will 
never compass anything of his knowledge except that which He wills. His 
KursT extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in 
guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.' 62 



He selects for His Mercy (Islam and the Qur an with Prophethood) whom 
He wills and Allah is the Owner of great Bounty.' 61 



So glorify with praises the Name of your Lord, the Most Great.' 64 
So glorify the Name of your Lord, the Most Great.' 6 ' 



162 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 255. 
'" Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 74. 
164 Surah Al Waqiah (56), ayah 96. 
I6! Surah Al Haqqah (69), ayah 52. 



Page 







34. AlGhafur 



The Forgiving, The Forgiver of Sins and Faults, The Perfectly Forgiving, The Pardoner, 

The Oft-Forgiving 



2:235; 34:2; 48:14; 64:14 
lis. iSwij I T§ JUjj *^= I j I s LlJ I ^-J^i*- r** <-^. j*^«=>j£- l_«_j *5y^ 7- L^- "b/j 

(;vr=); Jl-^U- j^jlp 4JJI o' lj-«J-plj ojjj^-li iSwijI 

And fftere « no sm on you if you make a hint of betrothal or conceal it in 
yourself, Allah knows that you will remember them, but do not make a 
promise of contract with them in secret except that you speak an 
honourable saying according to the Islamic Law (e.g. You can Say to her, 
"If one finds a wife like you, He will be happy "). And do not consummate the 
marriage until the term prescribed is fulfilled. And know that Allah knows 
what is in your minds, so fear Him. And know that Allah is Oft-Forgiving, 
Most Forbearing. 1 "' 

He knows that which goes into the earth and that which comes forth from it, 
and that which descend from the heaven and that which ascends to it. And 
He is the Most Merciful, the Oft Forgiving."" 

And to A/7«n belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, He 



'" Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 235. 
167 Surah Saba' (34), ayah 2. 



Page | 81 



forgives whom He wills, and punishes whom He wills. And Allah is ever 
Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful."''' 



Fou wfto believe! Verily, among your wives and your children there are 
enemies for you (i.e. may stop you from the obedience of Allah), therefore 
beware of them! But if you pardon (them) and overlook, and forgive (their 
faults), then verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. "" 




f^V 



35. AlShakur 



The Most Grateful, The Most Appreciative, The Rewarder of Good Works 



35:30; 64:17 
* * ' *< % * * i . ' 

© J^^^" J>^ j4i J ^4WaJ ^ p-b^lji} '<t-&jy>-\ JLgl^J 

That He may pay them their wages in full, and give them (Even) more, out of 
His Grace. Verily! He is Oft Forgiving, Most ready to appreciate (good 
deeds and to recompense).' 7 " 



If you lend to Allah a goodly loan (i.e. spend in Allah's Cause) He will 
double it for you, and will forgive you. And Allah is Most ready to 
appreciate and to Reward, Most forbearing,..."' 



36. Al Ally 



8 Sirrah Al Fath (48), ayah 14. 

' Surah Al Taghabun (64), ayah 14. 

Surah Fatir [or Al Mala'ikah], (35), ayah 30. 

1 Surah Al Taghabun (64), ayah 17. 



Page | 82 



The Exalted, The Most High, The Ever Most High 
2:255; 4:34; 22:62; 40:12 

Uj JLgj-Ljl ^^xh t-« ., lii j <-*jiU "^J jfl-lJ-P Ajl^ l£^' '^ iV (f^j"^' (j 

Allah! La ildha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be worshipped but He), the 
Ever Living, the One who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither 
slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the 
heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him 
except with his Permission ? He knows what happens to them (his creatures) 
in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will 
never compass anything of his knowledge except that which He wills. His 
KursT extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in 
guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. 1 ' 2 

Oji^- tj-^'j *"l -lai»- U-< S^i[ i-.ifc.ii.>. o-^ii OjiJLJaJli "Lj^'y,\ 

">(i ^==ii*]»l ojj o-*>!/v='j £-■£• U*»-»J I j J^Ajy^lj ^jAjikxi _^_^jyt^ 

ffiS Lfl:^ 3 W^ ^_J6'ai\ o! N^— ^Ip IjjCj 

Men are Hie protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has made 
one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) 
from their means. Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient (to 
Allah and to their husbands), and guard in the husband's absence what 
Allah orders them to Guard (e.g. their chastity, their husband's property, 
etc.). As to those women on whose part you see ill conduct, admonish them 
(first), (next), refuse to share their beds, (and last) beat them (lightly, if it is 
useful), but if they return to obedience, seek not against them means (of 
annoyance). Surely, Allah is ever Most High, Most Great. 171 



' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 255. 
' Surah An Nisa' (4), ayah 34. 



Page | 83 



That is because Allah He is the Truth (the Only true God of All that exists, 
who has no partners or rivals with him), and what they (the polytheists) 
invoke besides him, it is Batil (falsehood) and Verily, Allah He is the Most 
High, the Most Great." 4 

.* „ , v— 5 - , ,, ' ., u , - , ,,, ti * ,-,'.;>- 

(it will be said): :This is because, when Allah alone was invoked (in 
worship, etc.) you disbelieved, but when partners were joined to Him, you 
believed! So the judgement is Only with Allah, the Most High, the Most 
Great!"'" 




37. AlKablr 

The Most Great, The Greatest, The Perfection of Greatness 

13:9; 22:62; 40:12 

(Jfj JLjcuJI j,.^-=>)\ S-lipiJlj t___J«J I JLkp 
All-Knower of the unseen and the seen, the Most great, the Most High.' 76 

r/jaf !.« because Allah He is the Truth (the Only true God of All that exists, 
who has no partners or rivals with him), and what they (the polytheists) 
invoke besides him, it is Batil (falsehood) and Verily, Allah He is the Most 
High, the Most Great." 7 

.* , , v— *> , ,, ' ., *" , , , ,,, ,t- ,-,-.;>- 

fi7 w(7/ fee said): "This is because, when Allah alone was invoked (in 
worship, etc.) you disbelieved, but when partners were joined to Him, you 



174 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 62. 

'" Surah Al Mu'min [or Ghafir](40), ayah 12. 

176 Surah Ar Ra'd (13), ayah 9. 

177 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 62. 



Page | 84 



believed! So the judgement is Only with Allah, the Most High, the Most 
Great!"™ 



*«;." 



38. AlHafiz 

The Preserver, The Protector, The Guardian 
11:57; 12:64; 42:6; 50:32 

"So i/ Foh fwra away, sft'H / nave conveyed the message with which I was 
sent to you. My Lord will make another people succeed you, and you will 
not harm Him In the least. Surely, my Lord is guardian over All things. '"" 

//e so/d: "Can / entrust him to you except as I entrusted his brother [Yusuf 
(Joseph)] to you aforetime? But Allah is the best to guard, and He is the 
Most Merciful of those who show mercy. """ 



An</ a.s /or those who take as Auliya ' (guardians, supporters, helpers, 
protectors, etc.) others besides Him [i.e. they take false deities other than 
Allah (as) protectors, and they worship them] Allah is aft (protector) over 
them (i.e. takes care of their deeds and will recompense them), and you (O 
Mu ammad M) are not a WakTl (guardian or a Disposer of their affairs) 
over them (to protect their deeds, etc.).'" 



r ~\ \h : b->~ <_jlji J5CJ Qj*XS-y La Ijjjb 

(it will be said): "This is what you were promised, - (it is) for those 
oft-returning (to Allah) in sincere repentance, and those who preserve their 
Covenant with Allah (by obeying Him in all what He has ordered, and 



* Surah Al Mu'min [or Ghafir](40), ayah 12. 
5 Surah Hud (11), ayah 57. 

Surah Yusuf (12), ayah 64. 

1 Surah Al Shura (42), ayah 6. 



Page I 85 



worship none but Allah alone, i.e. follow Allah's religion, Islamic 
Monotheism)." 2 




39. AlMuqlt 

The Sustainer, The Nourisher, The Preserver, The Maintainer, The Guardian 

4:85 

i_J_flS jA] j'iS^J i *- s -* r -« &JO-JLZ* *_fi-£o L 'j-«J 0-« '_ -„-,^*'' J 4] L 'psJ <*Jw«^J>- AjlLOJm *_fl_£o -^a 

;■:; lIjLi s^i, J? Jp ibl otfj l£j 

W«o.soever intercedes for a good cause will have the reward thereof, and 
whosoever intercedes for an evil cause will have a share in its burden. And 
Allah is ever All-Able to do (and also an All-Witness to) everything.'" 



■JO ^ 



40. AlHasIb 

The Reckoner, The Accountant, The Sufficient, The All-Sufficient accountant 

4:6; 6:62 

And fry orphans (as regards their intelligence) until they reach the age of 
marriage; if then you find sound judgement in them, release their property 
to them, but consume it not wastefully, and hastily fearing that they should 
grow up, and whoever amongst guardians is rich, he should take no wages, 



182 Surah Qaf(50), ayah 32. 

183 Surah An Nisa (4),ayah 85. 



Page 



but if he is poor, let him have for himself what is just and reasonable 
(according to his work). And when you release their property to them, take 
witness in their presence; and Allah is All Sufficient in taking account.' 84 



77ie« they are returned to Allah, their Mould [true Master, the just Lord (to 
reward them)]. Surely, His is the judgement and He is the Swiftest in taking 
account. "" 






41. AUalll 



The Glorious, The Majestic, The Independent, The Sublime (The Most Sublime), The 

Resplendent 



55:27 

(l^^yfi J&£ ^.J '4-i J^.i 
And the face of your Lord full of Majesty and honour will abide forever." 6 



Bi 




42. AlKarlm 

The Most Generous, The Most Bountiful, The Most Esteemed, The Beneficent 

27:40 

ills i&'je <LLi[ Xl'jJ Q\ JI3 ^4j lH-jli lil i__^5Cll ^» Jilt jO Jj-P <_^-3JI J 15 



184 Surah AINisa (4), ayah 6. 
I8i Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 62. 
186 Surah Al Rahman (55), ayah 27. 

Page I 87 






One with whom was knowledge of the Scripture said: "I will bring it to you 
within the twinkling of an eye! " Then when [Sulaiman (Solomon)] saw it 
placed before him, he said: "This is by the Grace of my Lord to test me 
whether I am grateful or ungrateful! And whoever is grateful, truly, his 
gratitude is for (the good of) his ownself and whoever is ungrateful, (he is 
ungrateful only for the loss of his ownself). Certainly! my Lord is rich (Free 
of All wants), Bountiful. """ 




The All-Observing, The Witness, The Watchful (The All-Watcher) 

4:1; 33:52 
UjLsiLoj Lfr?-jj W-i 0^"J )-^'j o~^ Cxi jf^*" L^AII f^-Sj Ijijl tj*''^-" H-^i 

mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, who created you from a single person 
(Adam), and from Him (Adam) He created his wife [Hawwa (Eve)], and 
from them both He created many men and women and fear Allah through 
whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (Do not cut the relations of) 
the wombs (kinship). Surely, Allah is ever an All Watcher over you."" 

•5] &zJ- <X^i-\ jJj 0}\ & ^ Jib' of % iii & iUpl <& ji.- -5 

/t « «o/ lawful for you (to marry other) women after this, nor to change 
them for other wives even though their beauty attracts you, except those 
(captives or slaves) whom your right hand possesses. And Allah is ever a 
watcher over All things."" 



187 Surah Al Naml (27), ayah 40. 

188 Sirrah AINisa (4), ayah 1. 

"" Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayah 52. 



Page 



fas *\ 



44. AlMujIb 



The Fullfiller of Prayers, The Answerer of Prayers, The Responsive One, The Most 

Responsive 



2:186; 11:61; 37:75 
u •> - ' t M - , -i, - 

And w«e« My slaves ask you (O Mu ammad M) concerning Me, then 
(answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to 
the invocations of the supplicant when He calls on Me (without any 
mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that 
they may be led aright."" 






And to Thamud (people, we sent) their brother ali (Saleh). He said: "O 
my people! Worship Allah, you have no other Hah (God) but Him. He 
brought you forth from the earth and settled you therein, then ask 
Forgiveness of Him and turn to Him in repentance. Certainly, my Lord is 
near (to All by his Knowledge), Responsive. "'" 



And indeed Nil (Noah) invoked Us, and We are the best of those who 
answer (the request)." 2 



•&T- 




"° Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 186. 
"' Sirrah Hud (11), ayah 61. 
1,2 Surah Al Saffflt (37), ayah 75. 



Page 



45. AlWasi 



The All-Embracing, The All-Sufficient, The All-Pervading, The Boundless, The 
All- Accommodating 



2:247; 24:32; 3:73 
JLUJl aJ OjS-j (ji I3J t-5 6X ~2jj)U» '. ^=J tLju Jii ail 0) „*. g J Ji-$J JLsj 



<LLflja^ I ajjl ^1 Jii JL«Jl ^%? a*-« o}j ^i ^ dAlsJLj j^-l l v*~3 LLJ-^ 



And fnei'r Prophet (Samuel) said to them, "Indeed Allah has appointed 
Slut (Saul) as a king over You. " They said, "How can he be a king over us 
when we are better fitted than him for the kingdom, and he has not been 
given enough wealth. " He said: "Verily, Allah has chosen him above you 
and has increased him abundantly in knowledge and stature. And Allah 
grants His Kingdom to whom He wills. And Allah is All-Sufficient for his 
creatures' needs, All-Knower. "'<" 



And marry those among you who are single (i.e. a man who has no wife and 
the woman who has no husband) and (also marry) the dli un (pious, fit 
and capable ones) of your (male) slaves and maid-servants (female slaves). 
If they be poor, Allah will enrich them out of His Bounty. And Allah is 
All-Sujfi cent for his creatures' needs, All-Knowing (about the state of the 
people).' 94 

SJiJ Xa JLi ail ,j}j o 1 *Bl <_£J-» c£J-$JI 0! IfiJ^H? ?-f> rj*i "jJ ^'y-i'p "^j 
JLJt *_« ^ ajj IJ s Cio ^ ^Jr! ^ ' r^ J ^3 a 1 1 ^ I *|3 *5yj -^-P *j} y?~ ^H 3 ' 



And believe no one except the one who follows your religion. Say (O 
Muhammad M): "Verily! Right guidance is the guidance of Allah" And do 
not believe that anyone can receive like that which you have received (of 

193 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 247. 

194 Surah Al Niir (24), ayah 32. 

Page | 90 



Revelation) except when he follows your religion, otherwise they would 
engage you in argument before your Lord. Say (O Muhammad M): "All the 
Bounty is in the Hand of Allah; He grants to whom He wills. And Allah is 
Ail-Sufficient for his creatures' needs, the All-Knower. "'" 



4 v 




46. Al Hakim 

The Most Wise, The Most Judicious, The All- Wise 
6:83; 11:1; 95:8; 27:9; 34:1; 39:1 

And iftflt was Our proof which We gave Ibrahim (Abraham) against his 
people. We raise whom We will in degrees. Certainly your Lord is All Wise, 
All Knowing.'"' 



Alif-Lam-Ra. (This is) a Book, the verses whereof are perfected, and then 
explained in detail from One (Allah), who is All-Wise and Well-Acquainted 
(with all things)." 7 

Is not Allah the best of judges?'"' 



(;"*.: s&ZiA ji<yA\ «^l LjT j4j] /y^jo'j 

"O Musa (Moses)! Verily! it is I, Allah, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. m 



Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 73. 
Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 83. 
Surah Hud (11), ayah 1. 
Surah Al Tin (95), ayah 8. 
" Surah Al Naml (27), ayah 9. 



Page | 91 



All the praises and thanks be to Allah, to whom belongs all that is in the 
heavens and all that is in the earth. His is all the praises and thanks in the 
Hereafter, and He is the All Wise, the All Aware. 200 



The Revelation of this Book (the Qur an) is from Allah, the All-Mighty, the 
All-Wise. 201 



A- -L. 



wh 



47. AlWadud 



The Most Loving, The Most Affectionate, The Beloved, The Loving-Kindness 



11:90; 85:14 

"And ask forgiveness of your Lord and turn unto Him in repentance. Verily, 
my Lord is Most Merciful, Most Loving. " m 



And He is Oft-Forgiving, full of love (towards the pious who are real true 
believers of Islamic Monotheism),... 201 



K? 



48. AlMajId 



The Glorious and Majestic, The Most Honorable and Praiseworthy, The All-Glorious 



Surah Saba' (34), ayah 1. 
' Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 1. 

2 Surah Hud (11), ayah 90. 

3 Surah Al Buruj (85), 14. 



Page | 92 



11:73; 85:15 

„'■„-,'. ^ .,.„ ,, t >-, ,, - , «- > , u t * .* . . ,,*.>. 
_l_* Ju^f- j4j) c,.i;ll Jil ^jrLli- i«z£yj *iil c~^j *l)l jJ ^ ^iJul I3JI3 



TTiey said: "Do you wonder at the decree of Allah? The Mercy of Allah and 
His Blessings be on you, O the family [of Ibrahim (Abraham)]. Surely, He 
(Allah) is All-Praiseworthy, All-Glorious. " 2m 



-L>dl ^'jii\ ji 



Owner of the Throne, the Glorious. 1 



DISSS' 



49. AlBaith 

The Awakener, The Resurrector, The Arouser, The Dispatcher 

2:56; 16:84; 16:89 

(GO Qj^ts 1 *-^ L«J *5vjj-* ^*^ -^_^? i*^ 1 **^ i*- 1 
77jett We raised you up after your death, so that you might be grateful. 10 " 



And (remember) the Day when We shall raise up from each nation a witness 
(their Messenger), then, those who have disbelieved will not be given leave 
(to put forward excuses), nor will they be allowed (to return to the world) to 
repent and ask for Allah 's Forgiveness (of their sins, etc.). 207 



;Vjl* ]jz l-i^i -2IL Li£=rj p-r^ 1 ' cji ^f^ \ ± >jr' jH <-£" 4 1 — **?-' fiii 



204 Surah Hud (11), ayah 73. 
21,5 Surah Al Buruj (85), ayah 15. 
206 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 56. 
20 ' Surah Al Nahl (16), ayah 84. 



Page I 93 



oo 01 * "* * Csy^3 d -*~ > ~jj l^-*-*3 s J?* i_p^ ^i^ ^_-^^sji * i.ic- uj pj 

And (remember) the Day when We shall raise up from every nation a 
witness against them from amongst themselves. And We shall bring you (O 
Mu ammad 0) as a witness against these. And We have sent down to you 
the Book (the Qur an) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a Mercy, 
and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allah as 
Muslims).™ 




50. AlShahld 

The Omniscient Witness, The Certifier, The Testifier, The Ever All-Witness 
33:55; 34:47 

Js Jc- ^jtt'jiii ^_j\ '<5)T 'qOuVj J^Z\ 1^=L M. % Jj-^Uli % ^gy~\ 

It is no sin on them (the Prophet's wives, if they appear unveiled) before 
their fathers, or their sons, or their brothers, or their brother's sons, or the 
sons of their sisters, or their own (believing) women, or their (female) 
slaves, and keep your duty to Allah. Verily, Allah is ever All Witness over 
everything. 20 ' 

*■* ** 



Say (O Mu ammad M): "Whatever wage I might have asked of you is yours. 
My wage is from Allah only. And He is witness over All things. """ 



208 Surah Al Nahl (16), ayah 89. 

209 Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayah 55. 

210 Surah Saba' (34), ayah 47. 



Page | 94 



*^ 




51. AlHaqq 

The Reality, The Just and Correct, The Truly Existing, The Truth 
22:62; 31:30 

4l)l ^_jlj Jj-'P 1 >» ^*JJ-> Qi -^Lj^^-i ^ ^j'j i5»«JI >* 4U ' ^_J_J*-J -&l'* 

r/jaf « because Allah He is the Truth (the Only true God of All that exists, 
who has no partners or rivals with him), and what they (the polytheists) 
invoke besides him, it is Batil (falsehood) and Verily, Allah He is the Most 
High, the Most Great. 2 " 



77iaf is because Allah, He is the truth, and that which they invoke besides 
Him is Al Batil (falsehood, Satan and All other false deities), and that 
Allah, He is the Most High, the Most Great. 2 ' 2 



-li' 



52. AlWakll 

The Trustee, The Disposer of Affairs, The Advocate The All-Sufficient Guardian 

4:81; 17:65 



1 Siirah Al Hajj (22), ayah 62. 

2 Surah Luqman (3 1 ), ayah 30. 



Page | 95 



(JjJ ^LSj aDLj ^j 4l)l Ji [JST^j p+* i/V*^ b_>~*> ^ v^SQ 

77je;y .ray: "We are obedient, " but when they leave you (Mu ammad M), a 
section of them spend all night in planning other than what you say. But 
Allah records their nightly (plots). So turn aside from them (do not punish 
them), and put your trust in Allah. And Allah is ever All Sufficient as a 
Disposer of affairs. 211 



,jjj; %^=j <Lijjj ^_jjS"j ^JaL. Xfrjs- j£Si J~J iS^- o! 

"Verily! My slaves (i.e the true believers of Islamic Monotheism), you have 
no authority over them. And All-Sufficient is your Lord as a Guardian. " 2 " 






53. Al Qawly 

The Supremely Strong, The Inexhaustible Strength, The All-Strong 
8:52; 11:66; 57:25 

Similar to the behaviour of the people of Fir aun (Pharaoh), and of those 
before them; they rejected the Ayat (proofs, verses, etc.) of Allah, so Allah 
punished them for their sins. Verily, Allah is All-Strong, Severe in 
punishment. 2 " 

So wften 0«r Commandment came, We saved ali (Saleh) and those who 
believed with him by a Mercy from Us, and from the disgrace of that Day. 
Verily, your Lord, He is the All-Strong, the All-Mighty. 2 " 1 



113 Surah AnNisa' (4), ayah 81. 
!14 Sirrah Allsra (17), ayah 65. 
'-" Surah Al Anffll (8), ayah 52. 
! " Surah Hud (11), ayat 66. 



Page | 96 



Indeed We have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with 
them the Scripture and the balance (justice) that mankind may keep up 
justice. And We brought forth iron wherein is mighty power (in matters of 
war), as well as many benefits for mankind, that Allah may test who it is that 
will help Him (his Religion), and His Messengers in the unseen. Verily, 
Allah is All-Strong, All-Mighty. 217 



. .* 




- ' f 

54. Al Matin 



The Firm, The Steadfast, The Ever-Constant, The Most Strong 
7:183; 51:58; 68:45 

And I respite them; certainly My Plan is strong. 21 " 

Verily, Allah is the All-Provider, Owner of power, the Most Strong. 2 " 

._ S , • - * C ,' • i 

And / wi// gran? rfiem a respite. Verily, My Plan is strong. 22 ' 



55. AlWally 



2,1 Surah Al Hatfid (57), ayah 25. 
218 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 183. 
2 " Surah Al Dhariyal (51), ayah 58. 
220 Surah Al Qalam [or Nun], ayah 45. 



Page I 97 



The Protecting Friend, The Loving Defender, The Nearby Guardian, The Guardian 



4:45; 42:28; 33:17 



aJjL) 'j£'j IjJ AJJL) <jjS"j lSC.lj.plj Js-\ JJIj 



Allah has full knowledge of your enemies, and Allah is Sufficient as a Wahy 
(Protector), and Allah is Sufficient as a helper. 22 ' 



And He it is who sends down the rain after they have despaired, and 
spreads abroad His Mercy. And He is the Waliy (helper, Supporter, 
Protector, etc.), Worthy of All praise. 222 



0_j Jj£- Stj '•Cf-j'jfLi, iljl jl \%~y~ 'JUj i\j\ b! *«l £r? J£-«-*?jij cS;*) 1 IS ^ L^ 

ffvj [/s^jaJ Mj CJJ *ill ^_J)S rji f -^ 

Say: "WTjo is he who can protect you from Allah if He intends to harm you, 
or intends Mercy on you ? " And they will not find, besides Allah, for 
themselves any Waliy (Protector, Supporter, etc.) or any helper. 223 



&<H - 



56. AlHamld 

The Praiseworthy, The Laudable One, The Object of all Praise, The All-Praiseworthy 

11:73; 14:1; 42:28 
„'-„-,'. ^ .,.„ ,, t »~, ,, - , ** > , *%.. .* . . , ,*. >- 



r/iey said: "Do you wonder at the decree of Allah? The Mercy of Allah and 
His Blessings be on you, O the family [of Ibrahim (Abraham)]. Surely, He 
(Allah) is All-Praiseworthy, All-Glorious. "™ 



221 Surah AnNisa' (4), ayah 45. 

222 Surah Al Shura (42), ayah 28. 

223 Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayah 17. 

224 Surah Hud (ll),ayah 73. 



Page 



Alif-Lam-Rd. (This is) a Book which We have revealed unto you (O 
Mu ammad M) in order that you might lead mankind out of darkness into 
light by their Lord's leave to the Path of the All-Mighty, the Owner of all 
Praise. 225 



i-^jT^]T>j 

And He it is who sends down the rain after they have despaired, and 
spreads abroad His Mercy. And He is the WalTy (helper, Supporter, 
Protector, etc.), Worthy of All praise. 226 




57. AlMuhsI 

The Reckoner, The Appraiser, The Accountant, The All-Calculating 
19:94; 72:28 

Verily, He knows each one of them, and has counted them a full counting. 22 ' 

[He (Allah) protects them (the Messengers)], till He sees that they (the 
Messengers) have conveyed the Messages of their Lord (Allah). And He 
(Allah) surrounds all that which is with them, and He (Allah) keeps count of 
all things (i.e. He knows the exact number of everything). 228 



Surah Ibrahim (14), ayah 1. 

6 Surah Al Shura (42), ayah 28. 

7 Surah Maryam (19), ayah 94. 

8 Surah Al Jinn (72), ayah 28. 



Page | 99 



58. Al Mubdi 



The Starter, The Beginner, The Originator 

33:37; 85:13 

And (remember) when you said to him (Zaid bin drithah 4i the freed slave 
of the Prophet 0) on whom Allah has bestowed grace (by guiding him to 
Islam) and you (O Mu ammad M too) have done favour (by manumitting 
him) "Keep your wife to yourself and fear Allah. " But you did hide in 
yourself (i.e. what Allah has already made known to you that He will give 
her to you in marriage) that which Allah will make manifest, you did fear 
the people (i.e., Mu ammad M married the divorced wife of his manumitted 
slave) whereas Allah had a better Right that you should fear Him. So when 
Zaid had accomplished his desire from her (i.e. divorced her), we gave her 
to you in marriage, so that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the 
believers in respect of (the marriage of) the wives of their adopted sons 
when the latter have no desire to keep them (i.e. they have divorced them). 
And Allah's command must be fulfilled. 229 

■a > >* i *> S >* ', 

Verily, He it is who begins (punishment) and repeats (punishment in the 
Hereafter) (or originates the creation of everything, and then repeats it on 
the Day of Resurrection). 21 ' 



%,^ 



59. AlMuId 



229 Surah Al Ahzab (33) ayah 37. 

230 Surah Al Buruj (85), ayah 13. 



Page | 100 



The Reviver, The Renewer, The Re-Creator, The Restorer 



85:13 



■;'"": JL-JUJ (_£J 



il 



Verily, He it is who begins (punishment) and repeats (punishment in the 
Hereafter) (or originates the creation of everything, and then repeats it on 
the Day of Resurrection). 21 ' 



fJl 




60. AlMuhyl 



The Bestower of Life, The Giver of Life, The Reviver, The Life Giver 



30:50; 44:8 
lj'jli\ ,_^J -ilJ'i oj "tf> ^'^j*^ 1 ^-'<- 



ai>^ 



0y.^ *JJ°"S J*->j 

Loot rfte?! a< tfie effects (results) of Allah's Mercy, how He revives the earth 
after its death. Verily! that (Allah) who revived the earth after its death 
shall indeed raise the dead (on the Day of Resurrection), and He is Able to 
do All things. 111 



<!?i!.t 



jfj ^_j£Si\ pSsQi vjj ^nj 



-<>"> X! ^! ^ 



La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be worshipped hut He). It is He 
who gives life and causes death, your Lord and the Lord of your 
fore-fathers. 111 




231 Surah Al Bumj (85), ayah 13. 

232 Surah Al Rum (30), ayah 50. 

233 Surah Al Dukhan (44), ayah 8. 



61. AlMumlt 



Page | 101 



The Creator of Death, The Slayer, The Life-Taker, The Death Causer 



44:8 

La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be worshipped hut He). It is He 
who gives life and causes death, your Lord and the Lord of your 
fore-fathers. 214 




The Living, The Alive, The Everlasting, The Deathless, The Ever Living 

2:255; 3:2; 40:65 
Uj <p'y-*SS\ j U j<tJ py Mj il*. joJLs-Ij M ("jlaJl j^Jl j-* *! *^1 "^ *"' 
1_*3 jLgj-Ljl ^^jy. t-« *£*-> ^^U "^! ja-^-f A-*-^ ci^' '^ rV u^j'^' ij 

Allah! La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be worshipped but He), the 
ever living, the one who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither 
slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the 
heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him 
except with his Permission ? He knows what happens to them (his creatures) 
in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will 
never compass anything of His knowledge except that which He wills. His 
KursT extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in 
guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. 2 " 

pST lJj\ ^ "3i ijj V ST 

Allah! La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be worshipped but He), the 



224 Surah Al DukMn (44), ayah 8. 

225 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 255. 



Page | 102 



Ever Living, the One who sustains and protects all that exists. 2 



He is the ever living, La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be 
worshipped hut He), so invoke Him making your worship pure for Him 
alone (by worshipping Him alone, and none else, and by doing righteous 
deeds sincerely for Allah 's sake only, and not to show off, and not to set up 
rivals with Him in worship). All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord 
of the 'Alamln (mankind, jinns and all that exists). 217 







63. Al Qayyiim 



The Self-Subsisting, The Self-Existing One upon Whom all others depend, The 
All-Sustaining Protector 



2:255; 3:2; 20:1 11 

1_«3 jLgj-Ljl ^^jy. t-« *£*-> ^^U "^! ja-^-f A-*-^ c£^' '^ rV if^O"^' ij 

Allah! La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be worshipped but He), the 
ever living, the one who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither 
slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the 
heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him 
except with his Permission ? He knows what happens to them (his creatures) 
in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will 
never compass anything of His knowledge except that which He wills. His 
KursT extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in 
guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great. 21 " 



@ \££\ 3 JS\ > S/j iJj V 



«jji 



3 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 2. 

7 Surah Al Mu'min [or Ghafirl, ayah 65. 

* Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 255. 



Page | 103 



Allah! La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be worshipped but He), the 
Ever Living, the One who sustains and protects all that exists. 21 " 

And (all) faces shall be humbled before (Allah), the Ever Living, the One 
who sustains and protects all that exists, and he who carried (a burden of) 
wrongdoing (i.e. he who disbelieved in Allah, ascribed partners to Him, and 
did deeds of his disobedience), became indeed a complete failure (on that 
day). 240 



teS 



64. AlWajid 



The Finder, The All-Perceiving, The Wealthy, The Resourceful, The All-Evaluator 



93:6-1 



Did He not find you(0 Mu ammad 0) an orphan and gave you a refuge ? 

And He found you unaware (of the Qur an, its legal laws, and Prophethood, etc.) and 

guided you ? 

And He found you poor, and made you rich (selfsufficient with self contentment, etc.)? 2 " 






65. AlMajid 



The Noble, The Generous, The Magnificent, The Glorious 



85:15 



^jjx^ll^i^l ji 



Owner of the Throne, the Glorious. 2 



23 ' Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 2. 

240 Surah Ta ha (20), ayah 111. 

241 Surah Al Duha (93), ayal 6-8. 



Page | 104 



*••« 




66. Al Wahid 

The Creator of Diversity from Unity, The Manifestation of Unity, The One 

13:16; 21:108; 38:65 
OjS^Uj Si iLJJjl lAiji ^ j»j irf-lil JJ All I Ji (ji'jMlj o'y-«-2JI VJ cr* L^ 
c-iiJiJI (JjzZZ [J-» f\ jypJ\j ^IpMI (Jy~-i cJ-* L^ 'J*= *^j ^^ f j ':.' "'' ^ 

Say (O Mm ammad M): "Who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth?" 
Say: "(It is) Allah." Say: "Have you then taken (for worship) Auliya' 
(protectors, etc.) other than Him, such as have no power either for benefit 
or for harm to themselves?" Say: "Is the blind equal to the one who sees? 
or darkness equal to light? or do they assign to AllaH partners who created 
the like of his creation, so that the creation (which they made and his 
creation) seemed alike to them. " Say: "Allah is the Creator of All things, 
He is the one, the Irresistible. " 2 " 



. ** t 



{JgJ ^<jj^1ZS ^jl 'J43 -u~'j aJJ ^=^JJ U^l ^J] lg-y. UjJ U-3 

Say (O Mu ammad M): "It is revealed to me that your Hah is Only one Ilah 
(Allah). Will you then submit to His will (become Muslims and stop 
worshipping others besides Allah)? " 244 



(gj jl$i)1 -VjJl Alii SM aJJJ^ &} "^> lil L»^! U 5 

Say (O Mu ammad 0): "I am only a warner and there is no Hah except 
Allah (none has the Right to be worshipped but Allah) the one, the 
Irresistible,.. 2 " 



242 Surah Al Buruj (85), ayat 15. 

243 Surah ArRa'd (13), ayah 16. 

244 Surah Al ' Anbiya' (21), ayah 108. 
24! Surah Sad (38), ayah 65. 

Page I 105 



m 

67. Al Ahad 



The One and Only, The Unity, The Sole One 



112:1 



> * >$■> S ,, i 

Say (O Mu ammad JgfJ: "He is Allah, (the) One. 2 "' 



J 7 



68. AlSamad 



The Self-Sufficient Master, The Eternal, The Everlasting, The Satisfier of Every Need 



112:2 



I;?;.! -U-Ja-ll *lll 



"Allah-u - amad (the Self-Sufficient master, whom All creatures need, He 
neither eats nor drinks). 247 



->*. * 



69. AlQadir 



The All-Capable, The Most Able, The All-Powerful 



246 Surah Al Ikhlas [or At TauhTd], ayah 1. 
2,1 Surah Al Ikhlas [or At TauhTd], ayah 2. 



Page | 106 




30:50; 6:65 

,j3^Jl i J^> _<U'i oj \*y ^(l^j*^ 1 ij*-' 



Look then at the effects (results) of Allah's Mercy, how He revives the earth 
after its death. Verily! that (Allah) who revived the earth after its death 
shall indeed raise the dead (on the Day of Resurrection), and He is Able to 
do All things. 2 " 



}\ »SQ?-jl o-^- cr? 3' 'c^ij^ oi n'-i* '(SQi- i^~i 0' Jji j^ 1 - 2 -" >* IP 

Say: "He has power to send torment on you from above or from under your 
feet, or to cover you with confusion in party strife, and make you to taste the 
violence of one another. " See how variously we explain the Ayat (proofs, 
evidences, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), so that they may understand. 24 " 



*4ftt 



70. Al Muqtadir 

The All-Determining, The Prevailing Ordainer, The Powerful Determiner, The All-Able 

18:45 

*~\ I J J " a t/J^j ^P \& *0JI O^J 7^0^ °3J*^ Lft.^^A ^-_^li 

And put forward to them the example of the life of this world, it is like the 
water (rain) which we send down from the sky, and the vegetation of the 
earth mingles with it, and becomes fresh and green. But (later) it becomes 
dry and broken pieces, which the winds scatter. And Allah is Able to do 
everything. 2 " 



248 Surah Al Rum (30), ayah 50. 
24 ' Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 65. 
250 Surah Al Kahf (18), ayah 45. 



Page | 107 






71. Al Muqaddim 



The Promoter, The One who Brings Forward, The Expediter, The All-Preceding 



15:24 

And indeed, We know the first generations of you who had passed away, 
and indeed, we know the present generations of you (mankind), and also 
those who will come afterwards. 2 " 



■ m t 
-J-jt i 



72. Al Mu akhkhir 



The Delayer, The Postponer, The All-Finalising 



15:24; 11:104 

And indeed, We know the first generations of you who had passed away, 
and indeed, we know the present generations of you (mankind), and also 
those who will come afterwards. 2 ' 2 



And We delay it only for a term (already) fixed. 2 " 



'&§% 



25 ' Surah Al Hijr ( 1 5), ayah 24. 

252 Surah Al Hijr (15), ayah 24. 

253 Surah Hud (11), ayah 104. 



Page I 1C 



73. Al Awwal 



The First One, The Pre-Existing, The All-First 



57:3 

'$■ %IP "Si yi o^^i jf^i'jh^i DjSfT > 

//e ('.« the first (Nothing is before Him) and the Last (Nothing is after him), 
the Most High (Nothing is above Him) and the Most Near (Nothing is 
nearer than Him). And He is the All-Knower of Everything. 114 



'.■ -■ > ^ v > 

74. AlAkhir 

The Last, The End and The Ultimate, The All-Last 

57:3 

'$■ i'J" "S 'yi o^^i jf^i'jh^i 'Si^ > 

He is the first (Nothing is before Him) and the Last (Nothing is after him), 
the Most High (Nothing is above Him) and the Most Near (Nothing is 
nearer than Him). And He is the All-Knower of Everything. 2 " 



"P. 



75. AlZahir 



The Manifest, The Conspicuous, The Evident, The Most High 



57:3 
'if^i^S'yi o^Q^i 'jjk^s 'jh^i 'djtf> > 



2,4 Surah Al HadTd (57), ayah 3. 
25S Surah Al Hadld (57), ayah 3. 



Page I 1C 



He is the first (Nothing is before Him) and the Last (Nothing is after him), 
the Most High (Nothing is above Him) and the Most Near (Nothing is 
nearer than Him). And He is the All-Knower of Everything. 2 ' 6 



u 




76. AlBatin 



The Most Near 



57:3 



He is the first (Nothing is before Him) and the Last (Nothing is after him), 
the Most High (Nothing is above Him) and the Most Near (Nothing is 
nearer than Him). And He is the All-Knower of Everything. 217 



4£M • 




77. A1W51I 



The Sole Governor, The Friendly Lord, The Protective Ruler, The Supporter 
13:11; 12:101 

E. „ ^, , £ 1 f £ 'It' 

p'j Cr? ^is- 5 

For eac/j (person), there are angels in succession, before and behind him. 
They guard him by the command of Allah. Verily! Allah will not change the 
good condition of a people as long as they do not change their state of 
goodness themselves (by committing sins and by being ungrateful and 
disobedient to Allah). But when Allah wills a people's punishment, there 
can be no turning back of it, and they will find besides Him no protector 21s 

256 Surah Al Hadld (57), ayah 3. 
2 " Surah Al Hadld (57), ayah 3. 
258 Surah Ar Ra'd (13), ayah 11. 

Page | 110 



78. AlMuta ali 



The Supremely Exalted, The Most High, The Most Lofty 



13:9 

ij|j; Jl*L«JI j i .^-a}\ 5-11,-iJlj k__J«J I JLkp 
All-Knower of the unseen and the seen, the Most great, the Most High. 2 " 



$ij w »% 



3$\ 

79. AlBarr 



The Kindly and Gracious Benefactor, The Righteous, The Source of Goodness, The Most 

Dutiful 



52:28 

"Verily, we used to invoke Him (Alone and none else) before. Verily, He is 
Al Barr (the Most Subtle, kind, Courteous, and Generous), the Most 
Merciful. " 260 



80. AtTawwab 



The Acceptor of Repentance, The Oft-Forgiving, The Acceptor of our Return, The 



" Surah AiRa'd (13), ayah 9. 
Surah ATur (52), ayah 28. 



Page I 1 1 1 



All-Forgiver of repentance 
13:11; 12:101 

U joy *^ 4jJl ^j_j] 4ti\ j^l (>* j4J^jLaj£-" <-A£\i- -j^J 4j JU jo -j* C-i~i*-* j<*J 

J'j Ctf ^i5-> 

For eac/j (person), there are angels in succession, before and behind him. 
They guard him by the command of Allah. Verily! Allah will not change the 
good condition of a people as long as they do not change their state of 
goodness themselves (by committing sins and by being ungrateful and 
disobedient to Allah). But when Allah wills a people's punishment, there 
can be no turning back of it, and they will find besides Him no protector. 2 " 



81. AlMuntaqim 



The Avenger, The Disapprover, The Inflictor of Retribution, The Possessor of 
Retribution 



39:37; 43:41; 44:16 

(Jjjj^lixjl ij'i jijkj AUl J~JI J^ki ^ jjJ lis &\ j^j ^j 

And whomsoever Allah guides, for him there will be no misleader. Is not 
Allah All-Mighty, Possessor of Retribution? 21 ' 2 



(Jfj ^_jj i~a~-* f^f-; bli <Lb (jSs jS lilj 

And even if We take you (O Mu ammad 0) away, We shall indeed take 
vengeance on them. 261 



U I (^JOvJ I 4 '"■■ JSL. I 1 y ,,'' {\i 



261 Surah ArRa'd (13), ayah 11. 

262 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 37. 

263 Surah Al Zukhruf (43), ayah 41. 

Page | 1 12 



On the Day when We shall seize you with the greatest grasp. 11 ''' Verily, we will 
exact Retribution. 



*{S1,\\ 




82. Al Afuww 



The Pardoner, The Most Forgiving, The Effacing, The Eliminator of Sins, The Ever 

Oft-Pardoning 



4:43; 4:99; 22:60 

O You who believe! Approach not A alat when you are in a drunken state 
until you know (the meaning) of what you utter, nor when you are in a state 
ofjanaba, (i.e. in a state of sexual impurity and have not yet taken a bath) 
except when travelling on the road (without enough water, or just passing 
through a mosque), till you wash your whole body. And if you are ill, or on 
a journey, or one of you comes after answering the call of nature, or you 
have been in contact with women (by sexual relations) and you find no 
water, perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces 
and hands (Tayammum). Truly, Allah is ever Oft Pardoning, 
Oft Forgiving. 2 " 



For these there is hope that Allah will forgive them, and Allah is ever Oft 
Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving. 2 '"' 



ySut] <UJl ^_j] <0JI 4J_}y-i-^ 4~lp <J*J 1j ^4j ^— i^ t-« lJ~H ^— jLp />«j ~?\V\ ® 



264 Surah Al Dukhan (44), ayah 16. 

265 Surah An Nisa (4), ayah 43. 

266 Surah An Nisa' (4), ayah 99. 

Page | 113 



77ia£ /.s .ro. And whoever has retaliated with the like of that which he was 
made to suffer, and then has again been wronged, Allah will surely help 
him. Verily! Allah indeed is Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving. 21 ' 7 



jfcVtf 




83. AlRaiif 



The Most Kind, The Tenderly Merciful, The Clement and Compassionate, The Ever 

Kind 



2:207; 9:117; 59:10 

.;;7£^: jjCjJIj^Jjpj <UJIJ <UJl ~_i_jUL^- iL^JI d—uij iSj^i rV j-^Jl ^Lr?J 

And of mankind is he who would sell himself, seeking the pleasure of Allah. 
And Allah is full of Kindness to (His) slaves. 2 '" 



5j-°-j<JI sill j ojjuJI .^jiJll jl i^J^lj ■d.'C'^'S * ^j es^" j* *^' "T 1 ^"' -^ 

Allah has forgiven the Prophet (M), the Muhajirun (Muslim emigrants who 
left their homes and came to Al-Madinah) and the An ar (Muslims of 
Al-Madinah) who followed him (Mu ammad M) in the time of distress 
(Tahuk expedition, etc.), after the hearts of a party of them had nearly 
deviated (from the Right Path), but He accepted their repentance. 
Certainly, He is unto them full of kindness, Most Merciful. 26 '' 



;~; «^3t_Sj!3 lib; 143 i_^i; ^.JdJ 'iU Uyls j <Jj«^. Mj t^j)!^ 

Anrf those who came after them say: "Our Lord! Forgive us and our 
brethren who have preceded us in faith, and put not in our hearts any 
hatred against those who have believed. Our Lord! You are indeed full of 
kindness, Most Merciful.™ 



261 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 60. 
268 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 207. 
2 " Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 117. 
270 Surah Al Hashr (59), ayah 10. 



Page | 114 



84. Malikul Mulk 



The Master of the Kingdom, The Owner of All Sovereignty, The Lord of Absolute 
Ruling Power, The Possessor of the Kingdom 



O* JPi 



«uio 



3:26 



ry*-? * U ft II pj^jj sLiO ^yA 



jjjj 4IUJI ilLi JLflll Ji 



Say (O Mu ammad 0): "O Allah! Possessor of the kingdom, You give the 
Kingdom to whom You will, and You take the Kingdom from whom You will, 
and You endue with honour whom You will, and You humiliate whom You 
will. In Your Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do All things. 27 ' 




85. DhulJalali wal Ikram 



Lord of Majesty and Generosity, Lord of Glory and Honour, The All-Possessor of 
Honour and Sublimity 



55:27 

C|):^ i j s ')"3 J^ 1 J i ^6 -4-j 'Jhii 

And the face of your Lord full of Majesty and honour will abide forever. 272 



271 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 26. 

272 Surah Al Rahman (55), ayah 27. 



Page I 115 



3S9 

86. AlMuqsit 

The Most Equitable, The Just, The Most Just 

3:118 
■Is les- li IjSj *^Lli- iSo^JLj Si 'fS^ii^> <yi *jU=j b- 1 ^-' * '>"•'* OiJ)' H-^-i 

You who believe! Take not as (your) Bi anah (advisors, consultants, 
protectors, helpers, friends, etc.) those outside your Deen (pagans, Jews, 
Christians, and hypocrites) since they will not fail to do their best to corrupt 
you. They desire to harm you severely. Hatred has already appeared from 
their mouths, but what their breasts conceal is far worse. Indeed We have 
made plain to you the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses) if you understand. 271 






87. AUami 



The Gatherer, The Uniter, The Collector, The All-Gatherer 
3:9; 4:172; 42:29 

Our Lord! Verily, it is You who will gather mankind together on the Day 
about which there is no doubt. Verily, Allah never breaks his Promise". 2 " 1 

■^ttVJ Oy.j^ ^SvLlUJI Vj <ib I.lLp ^_jj5s 0' f t ^~«-'' <-J^>~ ; -~-i iiP 



273 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 1 18. 

274 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 9. 



Page I 116 



fjgj LL^- 5JI 



•Gillc 



77!« Messiah will never be proud to reject to be a slave to Allah, nor the 
angels who are near (to Allah). And whosoever rejects His worship and is 
proud, then He will gather them all together unto himself. 271 



lij %-$*J>- Ij* >*j ;H^ O? * .S-- '""•* J i/O^j c^'^iUJl ijli- 



>CrfJ 



An</ among His Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.) is the creation 
of the heavens and the earth, and whatever moving (living) creatures He 
has dispersed in them both. And He is All-Potent over their assembling (i.e. 
resurrecting them on the Day of Resurrection after their death, and 
dispersion of their bodies) whenever He will. 276 




88. AlGhanly 

The Self-Sufficient, The Wealthy, The Independent One, The Ever Rich 
4:131; 6:133; 22:64 

, . , .„ , , l , _«, • t ..." I ~ , , * , t 

\ < t-t»1*3 /f* ^_~^50l IjjjI ji4Jl LLt^sj j_sJj ryO^f' (j ^j cj'^i^JI ij *-* ^i 

An</ to AZZa/i belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. 
And Verily, We have recommended to the people of the Scripture before 
you, and to you (O Muslims) that you (all) fear Allah, and keep your duty to 
Him, but if you disbelieve, then unto Allah belongs all that is in the heavens 
and all that is in the earth, and Allah is Ever Rich (Free of All wants), 
Worthy of All praise. 277 



\-<S i\-t^ U 



r 4 -* 



IO*' 



Ijj \ *-"=3-^-& J-; Li^ Q J A^^~ ji I j i ^jj I 



MJ3 



275 Siirah Al Nisa (4), ayah 1 72. 

276 Siirah Al ShCra (42), ayah 29. 
2 " Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 131. 



Page I 117 



: /£ "UJ* Oi f-^= 



Jloi 



And your Lord is rich (Free of All wants), full of Mercy, if He will, He can 
destroy you, and in your place make whom He will as your successors, as 
He raised you from the seed of other people. 27 * 



To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on the earth. And 
Verily, Allah He is rich (Free of All wants), Worthy of All praise. 27 ' 




89. AlMughniy 

The Enricher, The Bestower of Wealth, The Fulfiller of Needs, The Dispenser of Wealth 
The name Al Mughniy is not specifically used as a Beautiful Name in the Qur'an. 



■*!-'.. 



90. AlMani 



The Preventer, The Protector, The Defender, The Invincible 



The name Al Mani' is not specifically used as a Beautiful Name in the Qur'an. 



$m 



91. AlDarr 



278 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 133. 

279 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 64. 



Page | 1U 



The Correcter, The Balancer, The Distresser, The Afflicter, The Punisher, The Purveyor 

of Harm 



48:11 
HI 'jiicJjii lijiilj LD'^-al Ui&i. ujI^p^I qa ^jjiii^Jl <L\] [}j 

iljl q\ U~£, 4jjl . j a *SJ ^XUj l j^j £j3 *-6^jis j J^-J La ^a g": ■ JLj QjijJLJ 

^|5 [/h^ o>'-«-*^ L*-; *^ ' ° Lk ^-^- , t*^v ^ ' j ' j ' La 13 *5s 

77i<m<? o/7fte bedouins who lagged behind will say to you: "Our possessions 
and our families occupied us, so ask forgiveness for us. " They say with their 
tongues what is not in their hearts. Say: "Who then has any power at all (to 
intervene) on your behalf with Allah, if He intends you hurt or intends you 
benefit? Nay, but Allah is Ever All-Aware of what you do. 2 "" 






92. AnNafi' 



The Creator of Good, The Benefiter, The Propitious, The Auspicious, The Purveyor of 

Benefit 



48:11 

HI 'j&is-LM b_jJilj liJ'^-al liili-i ^>\^i-^i\ ^j* ^j_jjiH*^J I ill) Jj 

}\j\ Q\ Lt-i. *0Jl . j a -50 ^iXLoJ l J-«J ^ ^J^ii jj j_^J La ^a g"' . JLj QyiyLl 
fjfj IJj-a- OjJ-»ij LL *&l bf D-i Liii pSv *'jl j' '_/*= ^H 

Those of the bedouins who lagged behind will say to you: " Our possessions 
and our families occupied us, so ask forgiveness for us. " They say with their 
tongues what is not in their hearts. Say: "Who then has any power at all (to 
intervene) on your behalf with Allah, if He intends you hurt or intends you 
benefit? Nay, but Allah is Ever All-Aware of what you do. 2 "' 



280 Surah Al Fath (48), ayah 11. 
28 ' SQrah Al Fath (48), ayah 1 1 . 

Page | 119 



ollil 




93. AlNiir 



The Light, The Illuminator, The One who Reveals 
24:35; 39:22 

~, > , , «- J ) -, S ' E . J . ,- - - ,,,,,-, i ' 

sUj ^ ^oj_^J "Uii t^^. jy l& jy j^ 4-^-~»j J^ 'y"$ *cj?y ^^0 ^^v J*^ 

(j'CjjLip jjjii JSC JJIj ^tlU J-^MI Ai!l -—Jyv^j 

AWa/i « rfie Zigfa of the heavens and the earth. The parable of His light is as 
(if there were) a niche and within it a lamp, the lamp is in glass, the glass as 
it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east 
(i.e. neither it gets sun-rays only in the morning) nor of the west (i.e. nor it 
gets sun-rays only in the afternoon, but it is exposed to the sun all day long), 
whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it. 
Light upon Light! Allah guides to His light whom He wills. And Allah sets 
forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything. 181 



:£ cj±f> JiU> 4 i^'y 



adI 



Is he whose breast Allah has opened to Islam, so that he is in light from his 
Lord (as he who is non-Muslim)? So, woe to those whose hearts are 
hardened against remembrance of Allah! They are in plain error! 1 " 1 



94. AlHadiy 



282 Surah Al Nur (24), ayah 35. 

283 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 22. 



Page | 120 



The Guide, The Leader, The Guide on the Right Path, The All-Guiding 
39:23 

(JjJ jL» ^ j<d Lii JjI JI>j 

AZ/a/j /i«.s sen/ rfown Z«e fc«rf statement, a Book (this Qur an), its parts 
resembling each other in goodness and truth, oft-repeated. The skins of 
those who fear their Lord shiver from it (when they recite it or hear it). Then 
their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allah. That is the 
guidance of Allah. He guides therewith whom He pleases and whomever 
Allah sends astray, for him there is no guide. 2 " 




95. AlBadI 



The Wonderful Originator, The Unprecedented and Incomparable Inventor, The 
Absolute Cause, The Originator 



2:117; 6:101 

The Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decrees a matter, He 
Only says to it : "Be!" - and it is. 2 " 5 



W> (*r sc?" J>i >*J 

//e is /fte Originator of the heavens and the earth. How can He have 
children when He has no wife? He created all things and He is the 
All-Knower of everything. 2 " 6 



284 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 23. 

285 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 1 17. 

286 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 101. 

Page I 121 



96. AlBaqI 

The Everlasting, The Eternal, The Ever-Enduring, The Ever-Present, The Immortal 

55:27 

©V'^'j i>^' I* ^J *?-J i>H3 
And the face of your Lord full of Majesty and honour will abide forever. 287 





97. AlWarith 



The Inheritor, The Supreme Heir, The Best of Inheritors 



15:23; 21: 






And certainly We! We it is who give life, and cause death , and we are the 
Inheritors. 2 " 8 



And (remember) Zakariya (Zachariah), when he cried to his Lord: "O my 
Lord! Leave me not single (childless), though You are the best of the 
inheritors. " 2m 




2,1 Surah Al Rahman (55), ayah 27. 

288 Surah Al Hijr (15), ayah 23. 

28 ' Surah Al ' Anbiya (21) , ayah 89. 



Page | 122 



98. AlRashld 



The Director to the Right Way, The Appointer of the Right Path, The Unerring Director, 

The True Guide 



18:10; 18:17 
IjLij \Lja\ ■jA 111 J^Jkj iJ-j lib 4l ry* Ujli li-Jj IjJ lis i_i-pCl I J] A^ifll <_£jl ij 



(remember) when the young men fled for refuge (from their disbelieving 
folk) to the cave, they said: "Our Lord! Bestow on us mercy from Yourself, 
and facilitate for us our affair in the right way!" 290 



And you might have seen the sun, when it rose, declining to the right from 
their cave, and when it set, turning away from them to the left, while they lay 
in the midst of the cave. That is (one) oftheAyat (proofs, evidences, signs) 
of Allah. He whom Allah guides, is rightly guided; but he whom He sends 
astray, for him you will find no Waliy (guiding friend) to lead him (to the 
Right Path). 2 "" 






99. Al Sabur 

The Patiently- Enduring, The Most Restrained, The Ever Patient 

2:153 

^5 Cf-J^^^ *_* ^JJl oi 5j 1 ^ 1 1 j ^ ^ I L; \j± s *zZ.\ \y~*\c jjjAJI Lg_ta 
O You who believe! Seek help in patience and A - alat. Truly! Allah is with 



2.0 Surah Al Kahf (18), ayah 10. 

2.1 Surah Al Kahf (18), ayah 17. 



Page | 123 



A - abirin (the patient ones, etc.). 2 " 2 

Invocations and supplications (du'a' e-lc^ can be made that include 
Al 'Asma'ul husna : 

7:180; 17:110; 20:7-8 2 ' 3 



li OjLr?^-" ^-j. T »*ri rj ^j_jJL>Jj jjyjl Ijjij tf: o^iLs ,j^J-l ifr*"^! ikj 

And (all) Al 'Asma 'ul usna (the Most beautiful names) belong to Allah, so 
call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or 
utter impious speech against) His Names. They will be requited for what 
they used to do. 294 

Soy (O M« ammad M): "Invoice Allah or invoke the Most Beneficent 
(Allah), by whatever Name you invoke Him (it is the same), for to Him 
belong Al 'Asma'ul usna (the best Names). And offer your alat neither 
aloud nor in a low voice, but follow a way between. 29s 

^X\ i\lzS\ Aj 3-& *5| a±}\ *$ ST (jjj j2>- ij yj\ 'J^i jdjii J^iJIj 'j^i- o!3 

And if you (O Mu ammad 0) speak (the invocation) aloud, then Verily, He 
knows the secret and that which is yet more hidden. 

Allah! La ilahla ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be worshipped but He)! 
To Him belong Al 'Asma 'ul usna (the best Names). 2 " 

Tim fk - Knowledge 

The Knowledge of Allah encompasses everything 



18:109 The parable of the unlimited knowledge of Allah; 

3 1 :27 if it was written with pen and ink. . . 



2,2 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 153. 

293 Narrated 'Abu Hurairah 4^ "Allah has ninety-nine Names, i.e., one hundred minus one, and whoever believes in 

their meanings and acts accordingly, will enter Paradise; and Allah is Wilr (one) and loves 'the Witr"'. SahTh Al 

Bukhari. Vol. 8, hadlthNo. 419. 

2,4 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 180. 

2 " Surah Al Isra" (17), ayah 1 10. 

296 Surah Ta Ha (20), ayat 7-8. 

Page | 124 



^Jj (Jj ^-*l«JS J a •■" o' tj-^ j^J -LaiJ .Ij c^i_«J50 13 1 -U ^^r-" 0^ J^ l|^ 

Say (0 Mm ammad # to mankind). "If the sea were ink for (writing) the 
Words of my Lord, surely, the sea would he exhausted before the Words of 
my Lord would be finished, even if we brought (another sea) like it for its 
aid. " 2 » 7 



0>-LfiJ La j£\ 4jC^v c-b JjtJ -jA ,-3-L*i_J j^-^J U _>llsl 5 .^w* • jA j^»j 2 I ,9 L«J I \JJ 

2;: jL5Ci- _jjjp '.oil oj aJJI culUT 

And if all the trees on the earth were pens and the sea (were ink wherewith 
to write), with seven seas behind it to add to its (supply), yet the Words of 
Allah would not be exhausted. Verily, Allah is All Mighty, All Wise. 2 "" 

20:98 Allah knows everything that exists in the heavens and the earth. 

2:33 

22:70 

6:59 

6:73 

jjj llL> % 'j» *jk= i^j > •§! ijj *i <j jji ST ^ji Loi 

Your Hah is Only Allah, the one (La ilaha ilia Huwa) (none has the Right to 
be worshipped but He). He has full knowledge of All things. 29 " 

He rata'; "0 Adam! Inform them of their names, " and when he had 
informed them of their names, He said: "Did I not tell you that I know the 
Ghaib (unseen) in the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal 
and what you have been concealing ? """ 

ji liU'i 0! y^f 4 -ilJ'i 0! (jiOSfij stcUT ^ L. pk ST ^j\ pk, Jj\ 

,-. » ' £-; 

&OW you no? that Allah knows all that is in heaven and on earth ? Verily, it 
is (all) in the Book (Al-Lau Al-Ma fu ). Verily! that is easy for Allah."" 



2,7 Surah Al Kahf ()18, ayah 109. 
298 Surah Luqman (31), ayah 27. 
2 " Surah Ta Ha (20), ayah 98. 

200 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 33. 

201 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 70. 



Page | 125 



la 5 13 L»J j>*~)\j jO\ I L» ^a-iijj yA "b/j 1 g ■> 1*J "b/ ^_ — JtJ I f^jli-a Jfl J-Lpj @ 

.•at. ' 

And wi'dj Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows 
them but He. And He knows whatever there is in (or on) the earth and in the 
sea; not a leaf falls, hut He knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of 
the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a clear Record. 102 

,> - S > - > ,>,,,■",,- «- -,-, «- > 

A is //e who has created the heavens and the earth in truth, and on the Day 
(i. e. the Day of Resurrection) He will say: "Be! ", - and it shall become. His 
word is the truth. His will be the dominion on the Day when the trumpet will 
be blown. All Knower of the unseen and the seen. He is the All Wise, 
Well-Aware (of All things). 101 

27:65 Allah knows everything that is unseen (ghaib - S-y-c-) and seen 

32:6 (shahada); 

Say: "None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except 
Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected. " 1M 



77iaf is He, the All Knower of the unseen and the seen, the All Mighty, the 
Most Merciful. 10 ' 

27:74 everything that is concealed and that which is revealed; 

28:69 



And Verily, your Lord knows what their breasts conceal and what they 



102 Surah Al An' am (6), ayah 70. 
"' Surah Al An am (6), ayah 73. 
M4 Surah Al Naml (27), ayah 65. 
M! Surah Al Sajdah (32), ayah 6. 



Page | 126 



reveal. 106 

And your Lord knows what their breasts conceal, and what they reveal. 107 

23:19 Everything that is not expressed and everything that is expressed 

6:3 by 'mankind'; 

£i5 bj&h tt^?j %±$ *£'ji trf 'S^ y^'j Jy^r cxi <~^r ^M J& LiLioti 

Then We brought forth for you therewith gardens of date-palms and grapes, 
wherein is much fruit for you, and whereof you eat. 10 " 

And ife w A//an (to be worshipped Alone) in the heavens and on the earth, 
He knows what you conceal and what you reveal, and He knows what you 
earn (good or bad). 10 " 

15:24 Everything that is past and everything that is to come; 

(;iT3;: Qij^*jkZJi\ Ujdp J_SjJ r*^^? Cft? ^ * '" * ^ L^£ JJLlJ 

And indeed, We know the first generations ofou who had passed away, and 
indeed, we know the present generations of you (mankind), and also those 
who will come afterwards. 110 

34:1-2 Everything that goes into the earth and everything that comes from 

the earth; everything that comes from the heavens and everything 
that goes to it. 



@ j y^ ' -*«?■> ' >* j *-p? r j*j 



L.', 



All the praises and thanks be to Allah, to whom belongs all that is in the 
heavens and all that is in the earth. His is all the praises and thanks in the 
Hereafter, and He is the All Wise, the All Aware. 

He knows that which goes into the earth and that which comes forth from it, 
and that which descend from the heaven and that which ascends to it. And 
He is the Most Merciful, the Oft Forgiving. 1 " 



M " Surah Al NamI (27), ayah 74. 

307 Surah Al Qa?as (28), ayah 69. 

308 Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayah 19. 

309 Surah Al Anam (6), ayah 3. 

310 Surah AlHijr (15), ayah 24. 

311 Surah Saba' (34), ayat 1-2. 



Page I 127 



'Mankind's knowledge conies from Allah and it is very 
limited 

2:3 1 Allah bestowed knowledge to the Prophet Adam SJB. 

o! eSljii {U-ib ijjif\ jLii SSLiUJl Jp "*&>£ p LjJS" ite-VI fill jiic-J 

And //e taught Adam all the names (of everything), then He showed them to 
the angels and said, "Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful. " 3n 

96:4-5 Allah taught 'mankind' whatever 'he' did not know, by the pen. 

Wjo na.v taught (the writing) by the pen [the first person to write was 

Prophet IdrTs (Enoch)], 

Has taught man that which he knew not. 3 " 

17:85 The knowledge of 'mankind' is but a little and extremely limited. 

, , • .* . i_, .{ . .. ,^ * , ,, 

CjJ %M M]^i*Jl & J^J ~&j J3^ & QjjJI Ji j-jj)l ^ -ib'jll^j 

And ;«e;y a.sA: you (O Mu ammad M) concerning the Ru (the Spirit); say: 
"The Ru (the Spirit): it is one of the things, the knowledge of which is Only 
with my Lord. And of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given only a 
little. " J " 

6:50 What is known by 'mankind' is only because of Allah's intention. 

2:255 

y>\ q\ 111. j] *^50 0_>3I % s-Urf p^ { % i& $J~ (S^f & 0j3 1 V Ji 

gjj bj>^ Slsi ^4Jij U^-^ (jy~~i 'J* IP tl\ ls-y. ^ % 

Say (O Mu ammad M): "I don't tell you that with me are the treasures of 
Allah, nor (that) I know the unseen; nor I tell you that I am an angel. I but 
follow what is revealed to me by inspiration. " Say: "Are the blind and the 
one who sees equal? Will you not then take thought?" 3 " 



" 2 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 1-2. 
"' Surah Al ' Alaq (96), ayat 4-5. 
" 4 Surah Al Isra' (17), ayah 85. 
" ! Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 50. 



Page | 128 



uj JL^jJLjl s^^u u fU*j ^jib *^1 - , a- 1 ^-f A*-^t Ci^r^' '^ lV U^J*^' (j 

Allah! La ildha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be worshipped but He), the 
ever living, the one who sustains and protects all that exists. Neither 
slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the 
heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him 
except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (his 
creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And 
they will never compass anything of His knowledge except that which He 
wills. His KursT extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no 
fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most 
Great. 1 ' 6 

16:78 'mankind' was born without knowledge, without knowing anything. 

And Allah has brought you out from the wombs of your mothers while you 
know nothing. And He gave you hearing, sight, and hearts that you might 
give thanks (to Allah)." 7 

17:36 Allah bestowed hearing in order that 'mankind' can obtain 

knowledge through listening; 



And follow not (O man i.e., Say not, or do not or witness not, etc.) that of 
which you have no knowledge (e.g. one's saying: "I have seen, " while in 
fact he has not seen, or "I have heard, " while he has not heard). Verily! the 
hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned 
(by Allah)."' 

7:179 Allah bestowed sight in order that 'mankind' obtain knowledge 

23:78 through seeing; Allah bestowed hearts in order that 'mankind' obtain 

knowledge through reasoning and understanding. 



1 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 255. 
' Sirrah AlNahl( 16), ayah 78. 
* Surah Al Isra' (17), ayah 36. 



Page | 129 



And surely, We have created many ofthejinns and mankind for Hell. They 
have hearts wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they 
see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). They are 
like cattle, Nay even more astray; those! they are the heedless ones. 3 " 



ft ;'.s //e, w/io na.v created for you (the sense of) hearing (ears), sight (eyes), 
and hearts (understanding). Little thanks you give. 120 



The rank and condition of a person without knowledge 



10:39 Without knowledge 'mankind' often takes pleasure in lying towards 

45:18 and amongst themselves with the intention of misleading 'mankind'. 

A* 

Way, fney deny that; the knowledge whereof they could not compass and 
whereof the interpretation has not yet come unto them. Thus those before 
them did deny. Then see what was the end of the alimun (polytheists and 
wrong-doers, etc.)! 121 

77ien We have put you (O Mu ammad on a plain Way of (Our) 
Commandment [like the one which we commanded Our Messengers before 
you (i.e. legal ways and laws of the Islamic Monotheism)]. So follow you 
that (Islamic Monotheism and its laws), and follow not the desires of those 
who know not. 122 

31:6 'mankind' follows and accords to 'his' personal desires without 

control. 



» ! -■- >' - -,'^ 



319 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayat 179. 

320 Siirah Al Mu'minun (23), ayat 78. 

321 Surah YSnus (10), ayah 39. 

322 Surah Al Jathiyah (45), ayah 18. 



Page | 130 



And of mankind is he who purchases idle talks (i.e. music, singing, etc.) to 
mislead (men) from the Path of Allah without knowledge, and takes it (the 
Path of Allah, the Verses of the Qur an) by Way of mockery. For such there 
will he a humiliating torment (in the Hell-fire). 323 

7:199 It is obligatory to turn away from the foolish. 

Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish (i.e. 
don 't Punish them). 321 

16:119 Sins undertaken through ignorance (because of stupidity) can be 

forgiven provided that one repents and addresses ones failings. 

q\ \js^L^>\j liiJ'i jjlj ^ja I^jLj 1j ^kf^* s3-~-" ^y-^ *-~lJ-^ i HJ ol J*^ 

77iOT, Verily! your Lord for those who do evil (commit sins and are 
disobedient to Allah) in ignorance and afterward repent and do righteous 
deeds, Verily, your Lord thereafter, (to such) is Oft-Forgiving, Most 
Merciful. 32 ' 



The superiority and rank of a person with knowledge 



35:28 People with knowledge fear Allah and bear witness 

3:18 to the 'Oneness' of Allah, certain in that which 

34:6 comes from Him. 

And of men and Ad Dawab (moving living creatures, beasts, etc.), and 
cattle, in like manner of various colours. It is only those who have 
knowledge among his slaves that fear Allah. Verily, Allah is All Mighty, 
Oft Forgiving. 326 

i* - _, E ... ,, -^ • «. . > i >, - .* > 1 -_-.«.*.. 
A/Za/i &ear.« witness that La ildha ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be 



Surah Luqman(31), ayah 6. 
4 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 199. 
! Surah Al Nahl (16), ayah 1 19. 
* Surah Fatir [or Al Mala' ikah] (35), ayah 28. 



Page I 131 



worshipped but He), and the angels, and those having knowledge (also give 
this witness); (He is always) maintaining his creation injustice. La Hah ilia 
Huwa (none has the Right to be worshipped but He), the All-Mighty, the 
All-Wise. 127 



Anrf those who have been given knowledge see that what is revealed to you 
(O Mu ammad Mjfrom your Lord is the truth, and guides to the Path of the 
Exalted in Might, Owner of All praise. 128 

4:162 There is a great reward for those who have knowledge and Allah • 

58:1 1 has decreed degrees of rank (both in the sight of Allah and in the 

16:43 presence of 'mankind') amongst them as sources of reference. 
21:7 

B«? ?/««e among them who are well-grounded in knowledge, and the 
believers, believe in what has been sent down to you (Mu ammad Mi and 
what was sent down before you, and those who perform A alat 
(Iqamat-a - alat), and give Zakdt and believe in Allah and in the Last day, 
it is they to whom we shall give a great reward. 129 

IxJ JjI 7t~Jli_ l_j^_~ili ~Lit_«JI 5 \y*JLiu ISO J_i lij \y^\> <ji_JI tyij 

<^±>-j$ _Ji*JI Ijjjl ijijillj »5^~? I_jajI» Ji4)l *ill A3}i Ijj-^j^ Ijjiil JJ lilj 

O-" .' - J - - ." i - '*f. 

O You who believe! When you are told to make room in the assemblies, 
(spread out and) make room. Allah will give you (ample) room (from His 
Mercy). And when you are told to rise up [for prayers, Jihad, or for any 
other good deed], rise up. Allah will exalt in degree those of you who 
believe, and those who have been granted knowledge. And Allah is 
Well-Acquainted with what you do. 110 

ojJju Sf^s"o! J>^fi J*' ijii^s i^)[ ij.yi ~i\o-j "i\i±U3 ^_j* uiljl lij 



7 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 18. 

8 Surah Saba' (34), ayah 6. 

' Surah Al Nisi' (4), ayah 162. 

° Surah Al Mujadilah (58), ayah 11. 



Page | 132 



And We sent not (as Our Messengers) before you (O Mu ammad M) any but 
men, whom We inspired, (to preach and invite mankind to believe in the 
Oneness of Allah). So ask of those who know the Scripture [learned men of 
the Taurdt (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], if you know not. 13 ' 

-3 ££ oj y£»Jifl Jii ijki yp\ ,>ji Sllfj "Sj -2Jip Uiljl Tij 

And We sent not before you (0 Mu ammad M) but men to whom We 
inspired, so ask the people of the Reminder [Scriptures - the Taurdt 
(Torah), the Injeel (Gospel)] if you do not know. 312 



Al Quran is the source of knowledge 



14:1 The Quran is the source of knowledge that leads 'mankind' out of 

20:113 darkness. 



<JJ ja-£Jj o'^U j^-" (J! c.-' o IJaJl rj* (V*^' rj^*H ^-Ul *^JjjI ^4 ', — > ^i 

7. Alif-Lam-Ra. (This is) a Book which We have revealed unto you (O 
Mu ammad 0) in order that you might lead mankind out of darkness into 
light by their Lord 's leave to the Path of the All-Mighty, the Owner of all 
Praise. 333 



And thus We have sent it down as a Qur an in Arabic, and have explained 
therein in detail the warnings, in order that they may fear Allah, or that it 
may cause them to have a lesson from it (or to have the honour for believing 
and acting on its teachings). 334 

1 6:65-83 Carefully study this universe; everything is fashioned and created; 

16:90 'mankind' has been endowed and bestowed with the gift of reason; 



j°yh} 4j Sf klij'i jj (jj t^a Jju \^>j*)}\ <U \SS~\i sU A ».f.ll ^ Jjjl <UJlj 



331 Surah Al Nahl (16), ayah 43. 

332 Surah 'Anbiya' (21), ayah 7. 

333 Surah Ibrahim (14), ayah 1. 

334 Surah Ta Ha (20), ayah 1 13. 



Page | 133 



>oj ^j 1 OX £j* ^^-ij^ u . iS - ^~^r^ <>/-?-' >*i*J^I (j l^> 0\j CIS Qj*-*~l 

sLa^ 4-i j^J'jJl cJllxK £j>\j£* L^J^jaj v^ rj^-" ^Ji »4r^J (Jr" lJ>^^ 0"*^£J1 

rr° t*^-?J ^-^3^ ^ ^-^*" ^'i CIS Oj_^-*^ vj^l ^"^ *i-U'i <j o\ [^Ldl 
jjai *d)|j f : ;v;.;^jJL5 jLk- luJI oi £-£> jJ? ^L >^4 Sf <J>CJ j-«-*J I Jijl Jjl ^J 
cu^=lL« 1_4 ,Jp J^ib cS?t^ 'j-U?^ ^jdAll Ui JijjJI ^ ^^L' Jp _Jm^4 

4JJI 0! 3^1**^1 ^! l>t/vaJ S^3 C2S O^jh"*^ *^J ^s*" (J^J^'J <ZJ'jLaS}\ ^a 

tlr*3 s cS"" di^ Jr 1 -^ "^ 6jl«-a IjlLp "^Ul* *UjI OJv? $ C'"S o>*^ "^ J^j'J J»-L*t; 
jjp j^-^j Si («-^=hI lij&JL^I t^i^j "^-« *0JI Viyv'J CSS Oj-«-L*j Si ^-A/-^=l 

j^U (J-*j J-* (_^jX^O ^Jjb ji^:' C^Lj 2 <Lgi-JJ LoJJI dJjj-« ( lp ,J- ^-= i jjbj g j p t 
,f _ E. g ,^ -* " ' <S ( ' A ^ , ,j 

«f »«• .. -• -£ J , - J« tf - v - =6 ** 

qa Jfii JX=- *I)lj (c|^: -^J^yi S3Q ^ii <m^ ti O! *&' *^! Jr^-^^ 



Page I 134 



j^ j^J j^j liii-f ji^Ji ^ Jd Jiij ik 

^j ^JJI o~«jo o^/s; (C'~^! cx^-*-'' A^V' ~*~U c Ujji I^Jjj oj^ (('";! : ^1jj-«J-^o 

Cj5 ^L>JLff^' f-*r-^='j 'rJj4 =a ^ 

And Allah sends down water (rain) from the sky, then He revives the earth 

therewith after its death. Verily, in this is a sign (clear proof) for people 

who listen (obey Allah). 

And Verily! in the cattle, there is a lesson for you. We give you to drink of 

that which is in their bellies, from between excretions and blood, pure milk; 

palatable to the drinkers. 

And from the fruits of date-palms and grapes, you derive strong drink (this 

was before the order of the prohibition of the alcoholic drinks) and a goodly 

provision. Verily, therein is indeed a sign for people who have wisdom. 

And your Lord inspired the bee, saying: "Take you habitations in the 

mountains and in the trees and in what they erect. 

"Then, eat of all fruits, and follow the ways of your Lord made easy (for 

you). " There comes forth from their bellies, a drink of varying colour 

wherein is healing for men. Verily, in this is indeed a sign for people who 

think. 

And Allah has created you and then He will cause you to die, and of you 

there are some who are sent back to senility, so that they know nothing after 

having known (much). Truly! Allah is All-Knowing, All-Powerful. 

And Allah has preferred some of you above others in wealth and properties. 

Then, those who are preferred will by no means hand over their wealth and 

properties to those (slaves) whom their right hands possess, so that they 

may be equal with them in respect thereof. Do they then deny the Favour of 

Allah? 

And Allah has made for you wives of your own kind, and has made for you, 

from your wives, sons and grandsons, and has bestowed on you good 

provision. Do they then believe in false deities and deny the Favour of Allah 

(by not worshipping Allah Alone). 

And they worship others besides Allah, such as do not and cannot own any 

provision for them from the heavens or the earth. 

So put not forward similitudes for Allah (as there is nothing similar to him, 

nor He resembles anything). Truly! Allah knows and you know not. 

Allah puts forward the example (of two men a believer and a disbeliever); a 

slave (disbeliever) under the possession of another, he has no power of any 

sort, and (the other), a man (believer) on whom We have bestowed a good 

provision from Us, and He spends thereof secretly and openly. Can they be 

equal? (by no means, not). All the praises and thanks be to Allah. Nay! (but) 

most of them know not. 

And Allah puts forward (another) example of two men, one of them dumb, 

who has no power over anything (disbeliever), and he is a burden to his 

master, whichever way he directs him, he brings no good. Is such a man 

equal to one (believer in the Islamic Monotheism) who commands justice, 

and is himself on a Straight Path? 

And to Allah belongs the unseen of the heavens and the earth. And the 



Page | 135 



matter of the Hour is not but as a twinkling of the eye, or even nearer. 

Truly! Allah is Able to do All things. 

And Allah has brought you out from the wombs of your mothers while you 

know nothing. And He gave you hearing, sight, and hearts that you might 

give thanks (to Allah). 

Do they not see the birds held (flying) in the midst of the sky ? None holds 

them but Allah [none gave them the ability to fly but Allah]. Verily, in this 

are clear proofs and signs for people who believe (in the Oneness of Allah). 

And Allah has made for you in your homes an abode, and made for you out 

of the hides of the cattle (tents for) dwelling, which you find so light (and 

handy) when you travel and when you stay (in your travels), and of their 

wool, fur, and hair (sheep wool, camel fur, and goat hair), a furnishing and 

articles of convenience (e.g. carpets, blankets, etc.), a comfort for a while. 

And Allah has made for you out of that which He has created shades, and 

has made for you places of refuge in the mountains, and has made for you 

garments to protect you from the heat (and cold), and coats of mail to 

protect you from your (mutual) violence. Thus does He perfect His Grace 

unto you, that you may submit yourselves to his will (in Islam). 

Then, if they turn away, your duty (O Mu ammad M) is only to convey (the 

Message) in a clear way. 

They recognise the Grace of Allah, yet they deny it (by worshipping others 

besides Allah) and most of them are disbelievers (deny the Prophethood of 

Mu ammad M)- 1 " 



jjljfoj ^==l1*J '{S&*i (^-J Ij j 4- a\ «l I j 



Verily, Allah enjoins Al-'Adl (i.e. justice and worshipping none but Allah 
alone - Islamic Monotheism) and Al-I san [i.e. to be patient in performing 
your duties to Allah, totally for Allah's sake and in accordance with the 
Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet in a perfect manner], and giving (help) 
to kith and kin (i.e. All that Allah has ordered you to give them e.g., wealth, 
visiting, looking after them, or any other kind of help, etc.): and forbids 
Al-Fa sha" (i.e All evil deeds, e.g. illegal sexual acts, disobedience of 
parents, polytheism, to tell lies, to give false witness, to kill a life without 
right, etc.), and Al-Munkar (i.e All that is prohibited by Islamic law: 
polytheism of every kind, disbelief and every kind of evil deeds, etc.), and 
Al-Baghy (i.e. All kinds of oppression), He admonishes you, that you may 
take heed." 6 

39:9 However, only those with knowledge or those who make use of their 

powers of reasoning will be able to receive that knowledge and 
teaching. 

ljj> Iji <-Ajj X>-'j \y>-*j{3 5 j^r"^' j-ii" lijlij ljr-tl JJI JlilJ C~^i j-» jvsl 

3 " Surah Al Nahl (16), ayat 65-83. 
336 Surah Al Nahl (16), ayah 90. 

Page I 136 



Is one who is obedient to Allah, prostrating himself or standing (in prayer) 
during the hours of the night, fearing the Hereafter and hoping for the 
Mercy of his Lord (like one who disbelieves)? Say: "Are those who know 
equal to those who know not? " It is only men of understanding who will 
remember (i.e. get a lesson from Allah's signs and Verses). 117 



It is obligatory to strive for that knowledge and to teach it 



9:122 The pursuit of knowledge is a necessary obligation 

3:187 and the intention to teach it towards others must be 

performed in a clear, precise manner with no 
2 : 1 46- 1 47 attempt to conceal the truth. 

And it i.v no/ (proper) for the believers to go out to fight all together. Of 
every troop of them, a party only should go forth, that they (who are left 
behind) may get instructions in (Islamic) religion, and that they may warn 
their people when they return to them, so that they may beware (of evil). 111 

sljj ajJ_-Jj j<Gj^jSsj ^J ( j-LUJ jdjJiI^J ^_^i5yl IjjjI <^.4JI i3A^? ^' -^"' ^13 

(and remember) when Allah took a Covenant from those who were given the 
Scripture (Jews and Christians) to make it (the news of the coming of 
Prophet Mu ammad M and the religious knowledge) known and clear to 
mankind, and not to hide it, but they threw it away behind their backs, and 
purchased with it some miserable gain! And indeed worst is that which they 
bought. 119 

0j-*^5o *-&-? t-Ljy o!3 (i-^lljl q^j9-> L»5 itjjhjxj ^_~^5ol p_§iLuli ji^JI 

fjSj jj^LaJ I {ja cfy*^ "^ &>j tji (5=*-! I C2S 0>«-L«J («-* j (5=*-! I 

Those to whom We gave the Scripture (Jews and Christians) recognise him 
(Mu ammad Mor the Ka 'bah at Makkah) as they recongise their sons. But 
Verily, a party of them conceal the Truth while they know it - [i.e. the 
qualities ofMu ammad Mwhich are written in the Taurat (Torah) and the 
Injeel (Gospel)], 
(this is) the Truth from your Lord. So be you not one of those who doubt. 14 " 



317 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 9. 

338 Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 122. 

339 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 187. 

340 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 146-147. 



Page I 137 



16:125 What is taught must be presented in a kindly, wise manner. 

2:151 



OO ql^ " g <> ' L> ^*1p I ^a j ^<l-j-_« qP (J-^> rrV ->^ I >* ^-L) 

Invite (mankind, O Mu ammad M) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with 
wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration and the Qur an) and fair 
preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord 
knows best who has gone astray from his path, and He is the best Aware of 
those who are guided." 1 

(GO (Jj_«Jj*J IjJjSsJ ^J La *Sw*l*JJ * n l ~—* >-\ j ^_^!^SJI 

Similarly (to complete My Blessings on you) We have sent among you a 
Messenger (Mu ammad M) of your own, reciting to you Our Verses (the 
Qur an) and sanctifying you, and teaching you the Book (the Qur an) and 
the ikmah (i.e. Sunnah, Islamic laws and Fiqh - jurisprudence), and 
teaching you that which you used not to know. 342 



Sunnatullah - ^1 4jU!_ The Prescription of Allah 
Every creation of Allah is determined by His Law 



25:2 Allah created everything and then determined its existence 

according to His Laws. 

He to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and who 
has begotten no son (children or offspring) and for whom there is no 
partner in the dominion. He has created everything, and has measured it 
exactly according to its due measurements. 343 

2:31 Allah taught 'Adam S3, 'the names of everything' (^-^ sl^uiM) - 

knowledge of the characteristics and laws to which the universe 
subjects itself. 

341 Surah AlNahl( 16), ayah 125. 

342 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 151. 

343 Surah Al Furqan (25), ayah 2. 

Page | 138 



o! ;^lji» {U-iL ijjif\ jLai ssLiUJi Jp ^v^. p LfrB" ;tf>vi j«ii; ^j 

And ife taught Adam all the names (of everything), then He showed them to 
the angels and said, "Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful. "'" 

67:3-4 Because this universe is created by Allah without faults and 

'mankind' has been bestowed with reasoning, then Allah challenges 
'mankind' to repeat their scrutiny. 

u ^ „ 

a-^jIj cjyjc ^a l jyj^Jl 3^~ ■ % CSy L* ^W^ 3 ^'j^<>^ /*~^ i3^*" iS^ 

V/fto /m.s created the seven heavens one above another, you can see no fault 

in the creations of the Most Beneficent. Then look again: "Can You see any 

rifts?" 

Then look again and yet again, your sight will return to you in a state of 

humiliation and worn out. 14 ' 



The essence and characteristics of Allah's Laws - 
Sunnatullah 

Laws which were revealed (wahyu - </■*)$ written 



These written laws were those revealed by Allah towards His Prophets and 
Messengers in the form of Holy Books: 

21:105; 33:38-39 



And indeed We have written in Zahur (Psalms) [i.e. All the revealed Holy 
Books the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel), the Qur an] after (We have 
already written in) Al-Lau Al-Ma fu (the Book, that is in the heaven with 
Allah), that My righteous slaves shall inherit the land (i.e. the land of 
Paradise). 346 



344 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 3 1 . 

345 Surah Al Mulk (67), ayat 3-4. 

346 Surah Al Anbiya (21), ayah 105. 

Page I 139 



IjLo-l o'yt& Slj j4j^ij£5 JJI o_lL_j 0>*iri ^L^-^l' iiSj! Gj- 1 - 5 -* IjJi *iil ^«i 

fgj C~~i- aIiIj JiSj alii "3] 

There is no blame on the Prophet (M) in that which Allah has made legal for 
him. That has been Allah's Way with those who have passed away of (the 
Prophets of) old. And the command of Allah is a decree determined. 
Those who convey the message of Allah and fear Him, and fear none save 
Allah. And Sufficient is Allah as a Reckoner.' 47 

They have the following characteristics: 

1. They engage 'mankind' in the right to choose (between good and evil); 

2. Their 'time response' is over a sizeable time period, more than likely 
lengthier than the lives of 'man' and, moreover, until the end of time. 
For that reason faith/belief is required; 

3. Some of them can be observed from the course of humanities' history, 
(what were the consequences for those who were insubordinate and how 

this impacted upon their piety): 

3:137; 65:2-3 

Many similar ways (and mishaps of life) were faced by nations (believers 
and disbelievers) that have passed away before you (as you have faced in 
the battle of U ud), so travel through the earth, and see what was the end of 
those who disbelieved (in the Oneness of Allah, and disobeyed Him and His 
Messengers). 148 

Jjlc- iS}$ lj-i-p"lj h^Jj*-*-! cx^j^J^ j' V^*-H A-A^-^Ls l >fl-?~' r/*^ 'H^ 

J?J Ijli s^gi, JSQ alll Jjii- Jj ^ja\ *_Lj Al)l o! ><~>- >$^ 

77ien wften /ftey are about to fulfil their term appointed, either take them 
back in a good manner or part with them in a good manner. And take for 
witness two just persons from among you (Muslims). And establish the 

347 Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayat 38-39. 

348 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 137. 



Page | 140 



witness for Allah. That will he an admonition given to him who believes in 
Allah and the Last Day. And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to 
Him, He will make a Way for Him to get out (from every difficulty). 
And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And 
whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will 
accomplish His purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things. 14 ' 

Laws which were neither revealed nor written 

These laws were those of Allah's laws that were not revealed towards His 
Prophets and Messengers and have the following characteristics: 

1. They did not engage 'mankind' in their process of validation; the freedom of 

'mankind' did not influence these laws; 

2. Their 'time response' is short, shorter than the lifespan of 'man'; 

3. Able to be proven through observation by 'mankind' and experimentation 
(because of that, Allah commands 'mankind' to make investigations into the 

Natural phenomenon and occurrences of this universe): 

10:101; 7:185 

Say: "Behold all that is in the heavens and the earth, " but neither Aydt 
(proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) nor warners 
benefit those who believe not. 1 " 

Ssv" - f, ' ' -' ' 

Do they not look in the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all things 
that Allah has created, and that it may be that the end of their lives is near. 
In what message after this will they then believe ?"' 



The characteristics of Sunnatullah 

The Sunnatullah is exact - certain to occur 

54:49 Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (J^. - Divine 



349 Surah AlTalaq (65), ayat 2-3. 

350 Surah Yunus (10), ayah 101. 

351 Sirrah AlA'raf (7), ayah 185. 



Page | 141 



Preordainment of all things before their creation. 

Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (Divine Preordainments of 
all things before their creation, as written in the Book of decrees Al-Lau 
Al-Ma fu ). 312 

3:137 Take note of the detriment to the insubordinate societies of before. 

Many similar ways (and mishaps of life) were faced by nations (believers 
and disbelievers) that have passed away before you (as you have faced in 
the battle of U ud), so travel through the earth, and see what was the end of 
those who disbelieved (in the Oneness of Allah, and disobeyed Him and his 
Messengers). 1 " 

65:2-3 Verily, Allah will accomplish His purpose. Indeed Allah has set a 

measure for all things. (If we pick up a rock and then throw it, 
assuredly that rock will fall - it is not possible that it will fly) 

JjLC- iS'$Z Ij-i-p^lj S^JL>*-°-! CX^J^J^ j' V^Jj*-H A-A^-^Li l >fL?~' r/*^ '^ 

$ J* 'S& cr'i ^~M~ "3 &•*?• h", ^JXJ O ^* '^ <&'^&>- cr°i 
(J?J ljaS sjjii JxJ JjI Ji>- .is ^o^l *_L> aXj I oj ~>4-J~?- ^i 

Then when they are about to fulfil their term appointed, either take them 
back in a good manner or part with them in a good manner. And take for 
witness two just persons from among you (Muslims). And establish the 
witness for Allah. That will be an admonition given to him who believes in 
Allah and the Last Day. And whosoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to 
Him, He will make a Way for Him to get out (from every difficulty). 
And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And 
whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will 
accomplish His purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things." 4 

The Sunnatullah is immutable - permanent - not subject to 
change 

17:77 The Sunnatullah has not experienced change since its creation by 

Allah and even until Judgement Day. 



352 Surah Al Qamar (54), ayah 49. 

353 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 137. 

354 Surah Al Talaq (65), ayat 2-3. 



"' Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 1 
354 Surah Al Talaq (65), ayat 2 

Page | 142 



(f/jis wos Owrj Sunnah (rule or way) with the Messengers We sent before 
you (O Mu ammad 0), and you will not find any alteration in Our Sunnah 
(ride or way, etc.). 1 " 

33:62 The promise of Allah towards His servants will never change; 

77iaf vva.v /fte Way of Allah in the case of those who passed away of old, and 
you will not find any change in the Way of Allah."'' 

6:1 15 and there is no-one who can alter the Word of Allah («&' ^> -aJ^the 

Word of Allah) or the Sunnatullah. 

And ine Won/ of your Lord has been fulfilled in truth and in justice. None 
can change His words. And He is the All Hearer, the All Knower." 7 

48:23 The Way Of Allah continues immutably onwards through time. 



77ia< na.s oeen Hie way of Allah already with those who passed away before. 
And you will not find any change in the way of Allah."' 



The Sunnatullah is objective - unbiased towards 
whom/whatsoever 

1 5:21 Nothing is unavailable. 

And fnere is nof a thing, but with Us are the stores thereof. And we send it 
not down except in a known measure."" 

21:105 The pious/righteous will inherit the land (those who are faithful to 

the Sunnatullah will obtain success) 



355 Surah Al Isra' (17), ayah 77. 

356 Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayah 62. 
3 " Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 1 15. 
358 Surah Al Fath (48), ayah 23. 
3H Surah Al Hijr (15), ayah 2 1 . 

Page | 143 



And indeed We have written in Zabur (Psalms) [i.e. all the revealed Holy 
Books the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel (Gospel), the Qur an] after (We have 
already written in) Al-Lau Al-Ma fit (the Book, that is in the heaven with 
Allah), that My righteous slaves shall inherit the land (i.e. the land of 
Paradise). 160 

49:13 Honour amongst 'mankind' in the sight of Allah is not because of 

gender, race or some other such definition but only on the basis of 
the pious fear of Allah - lS J^(the certainty of Allah's law is 
objective) 

O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you 
into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most 
honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one 
of the Muttaqun]. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware. 36 ' 

Is there any deviation regarding the Laws of Allah? 



21:68-71 The Prophet "Ibrahim *S> did not burn in the fire and in fact felt 

cold. 



Sj jjaS jLxij Ills f;i7;J ^__JlUl3 & ' ^ — ' ^1 ^SsX^Jls Ijjy^j I J Gi$'p~ I Jli 



t *°* 



77ie;y .sai'J: "Burn him and help your aliha (gods), if you will be doing. " 

We (Allah) said: "O fire! Be you coolness and safety for 'Ibrahim 

(Abraham)! " 

And they wanted to harm him, but We made them the worst losers. 

And We rescued him and Lut (Lot) to the land which We have blessed for 

the AlamTn (mankind and jinns). 162 

1 9:22-26 Maryam gave birth to a son without a husband; 



360 Surah Al 'Anbiya' (21), ayah 105. 

361 Surah Al Hujurat (49), ayah 13. 

362 Surah Al 'Anbiya' (21), ayat 68-71. 

Page | 144 



,4 



f ' f * 



<— y-^ 1 jl U>^ '- L °"' y*"?" cr? oip "P ^^ c^j^j u/*'j J*-* CIS ^ ! ^' 

So she conceived him, and she withdrew with Him to a far place (i.e. 

Bethlehem valley about 4-6 miles from Jerusalem). 

And the pains of childbirth drove her to the trunk of a date-palm. She said: 

"Would that I had died before this, and had been forgotten and out of 

sight! " 

Then [the babe Isa (Jesus) or Jibrll (Gabriel)] cried unto her from below 

her, saying: "Grieve not! Your Lord has provided a water stream under 

you; 

"And shake the trunk of date-palm towards you, it will let fall fresh 

ripe-dates upon you. " 

"So eat and drink and be glad, and if you see any human being, say: 

'Verily! I have vowed a fast unto the Most Beneficent (Allah) so I shall not 

speak to any human being this day. " ' 363 

19:27-36 The Prophet Isa «3> was able to speak whilst in the cradle. 

, i *• - .- - > - i * ' < , , -i- 

•yi *J5o ^JslS I Jli <Ujl OJjL^li r;'~'3; Lju l^LiI CJC LVj pV« \ja\ -Aj^jI Qb 

L/i3 OS ^" *--^*^ ^* 3j ^ — '^J I j 5 j 1 .,.-->' U ( Al^=>jlJ C '' ^ — ' La (JJI OjL_a jA-Lv^-J 

77ien .vfte brought him (the baby) to her people, carrying him. They said: "O 
Mary! Indeed you have brought a thing Fariyya (an unheard mighty thing). 
"0 sister (i.e. the like) of'Harun (Aaron) [not the brother ofMusa (Moses), 
but he was another pious man at the time ofMaryam (Mary)]! Your father 
was not a man who used to commit adultery, nor your mother was an 
unchaste woman. " 

Then she pointed to him. They said: "How can we talk to one who is a child 
in the cradle ? " 



"' 3 Surah Maryam (19), ayat 22-26. 

Page I 145 



"He [ Isa (Jesus)] said: Verily! I am a slave of Allah, He has given me the 
Scripture and made me a Prophet; " 

"And He has made me blessed wheresoever I be, and has enjoined on me 
alctt, and Zakdt, as long as I live. " 

"And dutiful to my mother, and made me not arrogant, unblest. 
"And Salam (peace) be upon me the day I was born, and the day I die, and 
the day I shall be raised alive!" 

Such is Isa (Jesus), son ofMaryam (Mary), (it is) a statement of truth, about 
which they doubt (or dispute). 

It befits not (the Majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son [This refers to 
the slander of Christians against Allah, by saying that lsd (Jesus) is the son 
of Allah]. Glorified (and Exalted be He above All that they associate with 
Him). When He decrees a thing, He Only says to it, "Be! " and it is. 
[ Isa (Jesus) said]: "And Verily Allah is my Lord and your Lord. So 
worship Him (Alone). That is the Straight Path. (Allah 's Religion of Islamic 
Monotheism which He did ordain for all of his Prophets). "'" 



All of the above events are miracles (mu'jizat °' j ^-^bestowed by Allah 
upon specific individuals and at specified times. This issue is also part of the Sunnatullah, 
in order to exhibit His power and greatness. 

The Universe - heavens and the earth 
The Creator of the Universe 



26:23-24 The Creator of the universe is the Lord of the 

21:56 universe, namely the True Lord, the One and 

37:4 Only Lord. 

Ac 

Fir aun (Pharaoh) said: "And what is the Lord of the Alamln (mankind, 
jinns and All that exists)? " 

Musa (Moses) said: "Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is 
between them, if you seek to be convinced with certainty. '"" 

He said: "Nay, your Lord is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, who 
created them and of that I am one of the witnesses. 166 



lu Surah Maryam (19), ayat 27-36. 
"'' Surah Al Shu'ara (26), ayat 23-24. 
M Surah Al ' Anbiya (21), ayah 56. 



Page | 146 



Verily your Ilah (God) is indeed one (i.e. Allah);'" 

39:38 Allah is the Creator of the heavens and the 

2:117 earth, and it is enough for Him to say 'be' 

30:25 according to His intention; and there are none who 

35:40 help Him. 

£jA O^POj l_a ^aJL)^3l \il <0Jl ^JiyCS jj^j'^'i CjjL*^~}\ i j)&- ^ j>-^ ^ Q$J 

Ant/ verily, if you ask them: "Who created the heavens and the earth?" 
surely, they will say: "Allah (has created them). " Say: "Tell me then, the 
things that you invoke besides Allah, if Allah intended some harm for me, 
could they remove His harm, or if He (Allah) intended some mercy for me, 
could they withhold His Mercy? " Say : " Sufficient for me is Allah; in Him 
those who trust (i.e. believers) must put their trust. ""•" 

The Originator of the heavens and the earth. When He decrees a matter, He 
Only says to it : "Be!" - and it is. 16 ' 

And among His signs is that the heaven and the earth stand by His 
Command, then afterwards when He will call you by single call, behold, 
you will come out from the earth (i.e from your graves for reckoning and 
recompense). 17 " 

Sav (O Mm ammad 0): "Tell me or inform me (what) do you think about 
your (so called) partner gods to whom you call upon besides Allah, show 
me, what they have created of the earth? Or have they any share in the 



"' 7 Surah Al Safiat (37), ayah 4. 
368 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 38. 
"'" Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 117. 
370 Surah Al Rum (30), ayah 35. 



Page | 147 



heavens? Or have We given them a Book, so that they act on clear proof 
therefrom? Nay, the alimun (polytheists and wrong doers, etc.) promise 
one another nothing hut delusions. ""' 

46:4 Idols contribute nothing. 



Say (O M» ammad 0to these pagans): "Think! All that you invoke besides 
Allah show me! What have they created of the earth? Or have they a share 
in (the creation of) the heavens? Bring me a Book (revealed before this), or 
some trace of knowledge (in support of your claims), if you are truthful!"" 2 

79:27-28 It is Allah who brings about His creation and perfects His creation. 



Are you more difficult to create, or is the heaven that He constructed? 
He raised its height, and He has equally ordered it,.." 1 

44:7 Likewise it is Allah who maintains His creation and 

78:37 at one and the same time it is Allah who unites it 

35:41 in order that it is not destroyed. 

The Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, if you 
(but) have a faith with certainty. 174 

(From) the Lord of the heavens and the earth, and whatsoever is in between 
them, the Most Beneficent, none can dare to speak with Him (on the Day of 
Resurrection except after His Leave). 17 ' 

Jx*\ ^y» U-pC«^l q\ tlllj <^JJ *^JL? 0' (V'j'^'i o'^i-L^JI i L^-»-j «^i ol * 

; ' ' * , , ' t' K ,, t . 

Verily! Allah grasps the heavens and the earth lest they move away from 
their places, and if they were to move away from their places, there is not 



3 " Surah Fatir [or Al Malaikah] (35), ayah 40. 

3,2 Surah Al Ahqaf (46), ayah 4. 

373 Surah Al Nazi'at (79), ayat 27-28. 

3,4 Surah Al Dukhan (44), ayah 7. 

3 " Surah Al Naba' (78), ayah 37. 



Page | 148 



one that could grasp them after Him. Truly, He is ever Most forbearing, 
Oft Forgiving." 6 

The Time of the Universe's creation 



40:57 The creation of the heavens and the earth is superior to the creation 

of 'mankind' and the embodiment of them with souls. 



77ie creation of the heavens and the earth is indeed greater than the 
creation of mankind, yet most of mankind know not. 117 

32:4 The heavens and the earth were created in 6 days ('ayyam ^yUays, 

eras, periods), including 
50:38 everything that exists between them (the heavens 

and the earth). 






A/Za/i if is He who has created the heavens and the earth, and all that is 
between them in six days. Then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (in a 
manner that suits His Majesty). You (mankind) have none, besides him, as a 
WalTy (protector or Helper etc.) or an intercessor. Will you not then 
remember (or be admonished) ?™ 

And indeed We created the heavens and the earth and all between them in 
six days and nothing of fatigue touched us. 17 ' 

41:9-10 The earth and all its contents was created in 4 days. 

Sav (O Mh ammad M): "Do you verily disbelieve in Him who created the 
earth in two days and you set up rivals (in worship) with Him? That is the 
Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists). 
He placed therein (i.e. the earth) firm mountains from above it, and He 



" Surah Fafir [or Al Malaikah] (35), ayah 41. 
' Surah Al Mu'min [or Ghafir](40), ayah 57. 
8 Surah Al Sajdah (32), ayah 4. 
' Surah Qaf(50), ayah 38. 



Page | 149 



blessed it, and measured therein its sustenance (for its dwellers) in four 
days equal (i. e. all these four 'days ' were equal in the length of time), for all 
those who ask (about its creation). 110 

41:11-12 The heavens was created in 2 days and it initially consisted of 

smoke. 

liil tills t»jS"jl fr^l° 'si" (Y'J^J ^ JL*J O^- 3 ^i jUill J] Jj'jzZj\ Jj 

^jj^^Jllt jjjiil 'jiJJu lil'i UkL-j i_^a_L LpiiT ;LLuT 

77ien He Istawa (rose over) towards the heaven when it was smoke, and 
said to it and to the earth: "Come both of you willingly or unwillingly. " 
They both said: "We come, willingly. " 

Then He completed and finished from their creation (as) seven heavens in 
two days and He made in each heaven its affair. And We adorned the 
nearest (lowest) heaven with lamps (stars) to be an adornment as well as to 
guard (from the devils by using them as missiles against the devils). Such is 
the decree of Him the All-Mighty, the All-Knower."" 

32:5 Time is relative; a day according to Allah's computation equals 1000 

years by 'mankind"s calculations; a day equals 50 000 years; 



, tli-H j0j\jJl. O^ S"yi (j 4~!| ?7j*i J& lj°J^ lJ! g' *"'^ 



' r ^ ji- 



0oj j 



He arranges (every) affair from the heavens to the earth, then it (affair) will 
go up to him, in one day, the space whereof is a thousand years of your 
reckoning (i.e. reckoning of our present world's time).'" 2 

70:4 such decisions are the exclusive right of Allah. 

7:54 

C~0: '•£-* C_flJl QU~J*- jOj I JLiLa Qb v°jfc! i A S^\ T$y\'$ ^"^^-IftJ I r- JU 

The angels and the Ru [Jihril (Gabriel)] ascend to Him in a day the 
measure whereof is fifty thousand years,.. 383 

Indeed your Lord is Allah, who created the heavens and the earth in six 
days, and then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (really in a manner that 



380 Surah Fussilat (41), ayat 9-10. 

381 Surah Fussilat (41), ayat 1 1-12. 

382 Surah Al Sajdah (32), ayah 5. 

383 Surah Al Maarij (70), ayah 4. 



Page | 150 



suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it 
rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His 
Command. Surely, His is the creation and Commandment. Blessed be 
Allah, the Lord of the 'Alamln (mankind, jinns and all that exists)!'" 

The Creation of the Universe 



21:30 The heavens and the earth were previously one, 

2 1 : 104 like a rolled up scroll and then afterwards it was separated. 

Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were 
joined together as one united piece, then We parted them? And We have 
made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?"" 

IjLPJ jO-Ljij ijii- Jjl lil Jj LiS" i__^=lU Jj?i-4JI J^"*^ ;U_2JI <_£_jjaj ("JJ 



And (remember) the Day when We shall roll up the heavens like a scroll 
rolled up for Books, as we began the first creation, We shall repeat it, (it is) 
a promise binding upon Us. Truly, We shall do it. 1 " 

78:12 Allah created 7 strong heavens and the earth is 

65:12 likewise strong. 

And We have built above you seven strong (heavens),.. 387 

ij)l o' \j&Z) J^Ij 'J-H\ Sj^i Jrfe u^j"^' crti ^y*" £?-" (js^- <-S,-J' "^ 

(J?j Qp j^gi: JSXj J»li-I Jii aJjT qIj ^j-ii s^ji: JS <|ji- 

/f ;'.s Allah who has created seven heavens and of the earth the like thereof 
(i.e. seven). His command descends between them (heavens and earth), that 
you may know that Allah has power over all things, and that Allah 
surrounds (comprehends) all things in (His) knowledge." 

40:64 The earth was created as a dwelling place, a place of settlement for 

'mankind'. The heavens were created 

384 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 54. 

385 Surah Al ' Anbiya' (21), ayah 30. 

386 Surah Al 'Anbiya' (21), ayah 104. 
38 ' Surah Al Naba' (78), ayah 1 2. 

388 Surah Al Talaq (65), ayah 12. 

Page | 151 



23:17 as a roof raised above by Allah as a sign of His power. 

'^k=y^ cr~*-^ '<^='jy^5 *&->. iLLUIj G'j 5 i/=j^ 1 i-» J*?- t^^J 1 i^ 1 

Allah, it is He who has made for you the earth as a dwelling place and the 
sky as a canopy, and has given you shape and made your shapes good 
(looking) and has provided you with good things. That is Allah, your Lord, 
then blessed he Allah, the Lord of the 'AlamTn (mankind, jinns and all that 
exists). 189 

■:": OjUii i3^-l rf- LlS" t-«j (3i'j^ (*-!-" J&'£ lliia- JliJj 

And indeed We have created above you seven heavens (one over the other), 
and We are never unaware of the creation.' 9 " 

21:33 The heavens were adorned with stars, clusters of stars 3 ", the sun 

50:6 and the moon. 

37:6 

25:61 



3 optJj kiiU J 'Jf j-«-iJlj J^LiJlj jtf-l'j Jjl <J-l«- <_£;*)' >*j 

And //e it i.s who has created the night and the day, and the sun and the 
moon, each in an orbit floating. 192 

/fove ?nev not looked at the heaven above them, how We have made it and 
adorned it, and there are no rifts in it? 393 



fj|j i_i"i35CJ i jijjj i^jJi ;U-Ui iIjJ bi 

Verily! We have adorned the near heaven with the stars (for beauty). 394 

Blessed be He who has placed in the heaven big stars, and has placed 
therein a great lamp (sun), and a moon giving light. 393 

31:16 The stars revolve and go out of sight. 



389 Surah Al MC'min [or Ghafir](40), ayah 64. 
3,0 Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayah 17. 

391 Galaxies. 

392 Surah Al ' Anbiya (21), ayah 33. 

393 Surah Oaf (50), ayah 6. 

394 Surah Al Safffit (37), ayah 6. 

395 Surah Al Furqan (25), ayah 61. 



Page | 152 



And by the planets that move swiftly and hide themselves,..' 96 
51:7 The heavens possess orbits for the stars and the planets. 

By the heaven full of paths,.. 1 " 7 

21:33 The sun and the moon also revolve 3 ' 8 in orbits and on 

14:33 courses. 

,,,,,- » J *,,-~ , " - <**<.,,, *. > 

3; Qy-^J^^liii j) *JS j^-iJIj J~LiJlj jtplj JJI jli- (JJ]\ 3-»j 

And //e it is who has created the night and the day, and the sun and the 
moon, each in an orbit floating. 1 '" 

to* 

And //e fta.s made die .vnn and die moon, both constantly pursuing their 
courses, to be of service to you; and He has made the night and the day, to 
be of service to you. 400 

10:05 The sun shines and the moon illuminates. 

A ii He who made the sun a shining thing and the moon as a light and 
measured out its (their) stages, that you might know the number of years 
and the reckoning. Allah did not create this but in truth. He explains the 
Aydt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for 
people who have knowledge. 4 '" 



The Function of the Heavenly bodies 

6:97 As guides through the darkness. 



-"* Surah AlTakwTr (81), ayah 16. 

1,1 Surah Al Dhariyat (51), ayah 7. 

398 The sun rotates and the moon rotates and revolves (around the earth, which itself revolves around the sun). 

3 " Surah Al ' Anbiya (21), ayah 33. 

400 Surah Ibrahim (14), ayah 33. 

401 SurahYQnus(lO), ayahS. 



Page I 153 



It is He who has set the stars for you, so that you may guide your course 
with their help through the darkness of the land and the sea. We have 
(indeed) explained in detail Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, 
signs, revelations, etc.) for people who know. 402 

16:16 As landmarks and direction indicators. 



oji%P-» j^jy c-iiiicj 

And landmarks (signposts, etc. during the day) and by the stars (during the 
night), they (mankind) guide themselves. 401 

67:5 As missiles against Shaitan (U'-K)-"- Satan), who seeks to listen to 

37:8 the talk of the Mala' ikat (fSjJ^JL the angels). 



And indeed We have adorned the nearest heaven with lamps, and We have 
made such lamps (as) missiles to drive away the Shaya in (devils), and have 
prepared for them the torment of the blazing Fire. 4 ' 4 

They cannot listen to the higher group (angels) for they are pelted from 
every side. 405 

15:16-18 As an illustration for those people who gaze at it. 

C-iS O^r* S- j *-e4' j ^*-H^ A^-^Jl (J/*-"' (V i| CS^-^^TJ 

And indeed, We have put the big stars in the heaven and We beautified it for 
the beholders. 

And We have guarded it (near heaven) from every outcast Shai an (devil). 
Except him (devil) that gains hearing by stealing, he is pursued by a clear 
flaming Fire. 406 



402 Surah Al Anam (6), ayah 97. 

403 Surah AINahl (16), ayah 16. 

404 Surah Al Mulk (67), ayah 5. 

405 Surah Al Saffit (37), ayah 8. 

406 Surah AlHijr( 15), ayat 16-18. 



"" Surah Al Saftat (37), aya 
406 Surah AlHijr(15), ayat I 

Page I 154 



The Relationship of passing time and the movement of the 
heavenly bodies 



25:45 The movement of the earth about the sun forms shadows which 

25:46 continue to change at every minute, hour, day, etc. 

16:48 



Have you not seen how your Lord spread the shadow. If He willed, He could 
have made it still then We have made the sun its guide [i.e. after the sunrise, 
it (the shadow) squeezes and vanishes at midnoon and then again appears 
in the afternoon with the decline of the sun, and had there been no sun light, 
there would have been no shadow]. 407 



Then We withdraw it to us a gradual concealed withdrawal. 40 ' 



* i 



Have they not observed things that Allah has created, (how) their shadows 
incline to the right and to the left, making prostration unto Allah, and they 
are lowly? 409 

22:61 The revolution of the earth (about the sun) is a day; this consists of 

the day and the night, with the night 
36:37-38 withdrawn from the day, and so on. 

ji ~\ /*^«-~ *^' o'i i_M ' tj jh^^ h-iM3 jH^^ ij lM' h-tyi *^' ^JL^ ^j'^ 



That is because Allah merges the night into the day, and He merges the day 
into the night. And verily, Allah is All-Hearer, All-Seer. 4 ' 

;:r:^^^l j^jLII ^jjjj viiJ'i LgJ 



4I " Surah Al Furqan (25), ayah 45. 
408 Surah Al Furqan (25), ayah 46. 
m Surah Al Nahl ( 1 6), ayah 48. 
410 Surah AlHajj (22), ayah 61. 



Page I 155 



And a sign for them is the night, we withdraw therefrom the day, and 
behold, they are in darkness. 

3And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term {appointed). That is the 
decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing. 4 " 

36:39 A single rotation of the moon constitutes a month, 29 or 30 days in 

duration; the start of the month finds the moon in the form of a 

36:40 crescent; mid-month 

84:18 the moon is full and the end of the month the moon is once again in 

the form of a crescent but in the reverse direction to the beginning of 
the month. 

(Jn^ ^JLcJl Qy>~^j<\£ :>Ip ^j>- Jju-a <ujjji j^-aJlj 

And the moon, We have measured for it mansions (to traverse) till it returns 
like the old dried curved date stalk. 4 ' 2 

]~& 4 t£5 J4^ J^ 1 - 10 % r~£ y ^J^ Ol ti Ju£ ^JJLtf Si 

It is not for the sun to overtake the moon, nor does the night outstrip the 
day. They all float, each in an orbit. 4 " 

And by the moon when it is at the full,. 4 ' 4 

55:17 The movement and bearing of the sun in the north and the south 

causes various set climatical changes within individual nations. 

(He is) the Lord of the two easts (places of sunrise during early summer and 
early winter) and the Lord of the two wests (places of sunset during early 
summer and early winter). 4 " 

9:36 A year consists of 12 months. All of this is created in order that 

'mankind' understands that the 
17:12 computation of time and the number of years is 

13:2 computed according to a time appointed by Allah. 

55:5 



111 Surah Ya Sin (36), ayat 37-38. 

112 Surah Ya Sin (36), ayah 39. 

113 Surah Ya Sin (36), ayah 40. 

114 Surah Al Inshiqaq (84), ayah 14. 

115 Surah Al Rahman (55), ayat 17. 

Page I 156 






Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was 
it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; 
of them four are Sacred, (i.e. the 1st, the 7th, the 11th and the 12th months 
of the Islamic calendar). That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves 
therein, and fight against the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, 
disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) collectively, as they fight against you 
collectively. But know that Allah is with those who are Al-Muttaqun. 4 " 

And We /lave appointed the night and the day as two Ayat (signs etc.). Then, 
We have made dark the sign of the night while We have made the sign of day 
illuminating, that you may seek bounty from your Lord, and that you may 
know the number of the years and the reckoning. And We have explained 
everything (in detail) with full explanation. 4 ' 7 

,**,*, u ,-* -, . * '^ „,- . - ,- *• ** 

•^ .liL jiUi c-^l J^uL >VI jjlj ( _£lS J^ iSj-'tP 'J^ v i 

a, - <„ ' 

A//<2/i is //e w«o raised the heavens without any pillars that you can see. 
Then, He Istawd (rose above) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His 
Majesty). He has subjected the sun and the moon (to continue going round)! 
each running (its course) for a term appointed. He regulates all affairs, 
explaining the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, 
etc.) in detail, that you may believe with certainty in the Meeting with your 
Lord. 4 " 1 

^ ^Jjj~ j^-aJlj ~~«JuJI 

The sun and the moon run on their fixed courses (exactly) calculated with 
measured out stages for each (for Reckoning, etc.). 4 ' 1 ' 



116 Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 36. 
"' Surah Allsra (17), ayah 12. 
" ! Surah AlRa'd (13), ayah 2. 
119 Surah Al Rahman (55), ayah 5. 



Page | 157 



Does life exist in the heavenly bodies? 



5:120 The heavens and the earth belong to Allah and dispersed within them 

42:29 are moving organisms; all will return to Allah as slaves. 

19:93 

Cpi?" ti> "S 'J* >j Crti^i jBjtib <P'j^fi ^ *» 

To Allah belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and all that is 
therein, and He is Able to do All things. 420 

And among his Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.) is the creation 
of the heavens and the earth, and whatever moving (living) creatures He 
has dispersed in them both. And He is All-Potent over their assembling (i.e. 
resurrecting them on the Day of Resurrection after their death, and 
dispersion of their bodies) whenever He will.-" 1 

There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most 
Beneficent (Allah) as a slave. 422 

55:33 Penetrate the heavens and learn if you have the power or possess the 

capability/ knowledge to do so. 

't] ■ 'Ul ...; S/ 1 ^jjJJ-0 Sf lj Juiili 

O assembly ofjinns and men! If you have power to pass beyond the zones of 
the heavens and the earth, then pass (them)! But you will never be able to 
pass them, except with authority (from Allah)! 421 

Everything submits to Allah 



22:18 Everything that is in the heavens and on the earth glorifies, prostrates 

and praises Allah. 



n " Surah Al Maidah (5) , ayah 120. 
421 Surah Al Shura (42), ayah 29. 
4,2 Surah Maryam ( 1 9), ayah 93. 
m Surah Al Rahman (55), ayah 33. 



Page I 158 



i_l>l J_*Jl <u!p ^~ j^pj tj^ (>? jy—^'i S-'li-'d'j ^f^-^'i JW4"'J ("^^^'J 

(jjj l! sLii li Jiij auI o! yj>^ ^ j*J Ui «&l ^ ^j 

See yow no? Znaf to A//a« prostrates whoever is in the heavens and whoever 
is on the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the mountains, 
and the trees, and Ad-Dawab (moving living creatures, beasts, etc.), and 
many of mankind? But there are many (men) on whom the punishment is 
justified. And whomsoever Allah disgraces, none can honour him. Verily! 
Allah does what He wills. 424 

1 7:44 The trees and plants submit to Him and the thunder 

55:6 glorifies and praises Allah. 

13:13 

^^'i ^o-Wi>; r^~i "^! %U" Cr? ^]j Crrf Cr'i u^'^ '3 £?■"*■' ' ^j 2 -*-—-' ' *i ?A~* 

77ie seven heavens and the earth and all that is therein, glorify Him and 
there is not a thing but glorifies His praise. But you understand not their 
glorification. Truly, He is ever forbearing, Oft-Forgiving. 4 " 

And the herbs (or stars) and the trees both prostrate. 426 427 

And Ar-Ra'd (thunder) glorifies and praises Him, and so do the angels 
because of His awe, He sends the thunderbolts, and therewith He strikes 
whom He wills, yet they (disbelievers) dispute about Allah. And He is 
mighty in strength and severe in punishment. 42 " 

16:49 It is towards Allah alone that everything in the heavens and on the 

earth prostrates. 



424 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 18. 

425 Surah Al Isra (17), ayah 44. 

426 SSrah Al Rahman (55), ayah 6. 

427 The word 'najm' refers to the 'plants having no stem' and the word shajar refers to any 'tree' with stems or trunk, 
twigs and branches - Ma'ariful Qur'an, Maulana Mufti Muhammad Shaft', translated by Maulana Ahmed KhalTl AzTz, 
Vol.8, p.257. 
428 Surah Al Ra'd (13), ayah 13. 

Page I 159 



And to Allah prostate all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, of 
the live moving creatures and the angels, and they are not proud [i.e. they 
Worship their Lord (Allah) with humility]. 42 " 

24:41 Everything already knows its own manner and method of worship, 

glorification and praise of Him. 

..'.>*'.,** t- ■■ ,- , .,.***( ,- -i 

PO - - i i ' * a : L*-> ^ic- <UJlj j^>s_j-_^oj jdj^L^s 

See you nof (O M« ammad 0) that Allah, He it is whom glorify whosoever 
is in the heavens and the earth, and the birds with wings out-spread (in their 
flight). Of each one He (Allah) knows indeed his aldt (prayer) and His 
glorification, [or everyone knows his aldt and His glorification], and 
Allah is All-Aware of what they do. 4 " 

The Perfection of the Universe 



67:3-4 This universe is perfectly balanced and has no fault whatsoever. 

*_>^jli o>^iij rjA l j^i>^JI i jiS~ , j CSy L* ^W^ 9 Qj 1 » ■" ,*--« (3^" ci^r^' 

Who has created the seven heavens one above another, you can see no fault 

in the creations of the Most Beneficent. Then look again: "Can you see any 

rifts?" 

Then look again and yet again, your sight will return to you in a state of 

humiliation and worn out. 4 " 

86:1-4 Pay attention to the piercing light of the bright star; Is there a 

guardian besides Allah? 

JiiW t^lt U 

By rfie heaven, and A -->driq (the night-comer, i.e. the bright star); 
and what will make you to know what A --idriq (night-comer) is? 
(it is) the star of piercing brightness; 



m Surah Al Nahl ( 1 6), ayah 49. 

430 Surah Al Nur (24), ayah 41 . 

431 Surah Al Mulk (67), ayat 3-4. 



Page | 160 



there is no human being hut has a protector over Him (or her) (i.e. angels in 
charge of each human being guarding him, writing his good and bad deeds, 

etc.) 412 

71:15-16 How is it that Allah has created 7 heavens, the light of the moon and 

the shine of the sun? 



See you not how Allah has created the seven heavens one above another, 
and has made the moon a light therein, and made the sun a lamp ? 411 

88:18 How is the heaven held up? 

And at the heaven, How it is raised? 4 " 
88:19 How are the mountains held in place? 

And at the mountains, How they are rooted and fixed firm? 4 " 
88:20 How is the earth spread out? 



And at the earth, How it is spread out? 416 
78:8 'mankind' is created in pairs. 

And We have created you in pairs (male and female, tall and short, good 
and bad, etc.). 417 

78:9 Sleep is created for rest. 

(t'";; ul~*« '5v-aV ) LUA^-J 

And have made your sleep as a thing for rest. 41 " 



432 Surah Al Tariq (86), ayat 1-4. 

433 Sirrah Nuh (71), ayat 15-16. 

434 Surah Al Ghashiyah (88), ayah 18. 

435 Surah Al Ghashiyah (88), ayah 19. 

436 Surah Al Ghashiyah (88), ayah 20. 
"" Surah Al Naba' (78), ayah 8. 

438 Surah Al Naba' (78), ayah 9. 



Page | 161 



78:10 Night is created as a covering. 

liG JjT uL^j 

And wave made die night as a covering (through its darkness),.." 9 
78:11 The day is created in order to seek out a livelihood. 

And nave made die Day for livelihood. 440 
78:12 7 strong heavens are built. 

And we ftave fowd? above ou seven strong (heavens),.. 441 
78:13 The sun is created as a shining lamp. 



And have made (therein) a shinning lamp (sun). 442 
78:14 Rain is sent down from the heavens in abundance. 

And nave sent down from the rainy clouds abundant water. 441 
78:15-16 Corn, vegetation and lush growth are grown. 



^f^ L&LflJ ! ^ulxj-j (;'"); IjLjj tfj- ^4J r-j^-jJ 



77iai We may produce therewith corn and vegetations, 
and Gardens of thick growth. 444 

Take note of all of this! 



The Purpose of the Universe's creation 

21:16 The Universe was created by Allah by His 



m Surah Al Naba' (78), ayah 10. 

440 Surah Al Naba' (78), ayah 1 1 . 

441 Surah Al Naba' (78), ayah 12. 

442 Surah Al Naba' (78), ayah 13. 

443 Siirah Al Naba' (78), ayah 14. 

444 Siirah AINaba' (78), ayat 15-16. 



Page | 162 



29:44 authority in truth and with purpose and not as ; 

46:3 plaything. 



We created not the heavens and the earth and all that is between them for a 
(mere) play. 44 ' 



(Allah says to his Prophet Mu ammad M): "Allah (Alone) created the 
heavens and the earth with Truth (and none shared Him in their creation). " 
Verily! Therein is surely a sign for those who believe. 44 " 

\jjjb O^-r^'3 ls*"*~° d-?~'J i3^^ "^1 ^ * V-". ^-*J ir^J^^J c*>'y^J-S\ bJLlj- Ls 

We created not the heavens and the earth and all that is between them 
except with truth, and for an appointed term. But those who disbelieve turn 
away from that whereof they are warned. 447 

3:190 It is a sign of Allah's authority for those who understand; 

^jj y4Vi j/l ^S j$Tj JJf uiii-Tj ^3% o'yiu I jk j ^j] 

Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation 
of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding 44s 

30:22 A sign of Allah's authority for those of sound knowledge; 

Anrf among His signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the 
difference of your languages and colours. Verily, In that are indeed signs 
for men of sound knowledge. 449 

10:6 A sign of Allah's authority for those who fear Allah; 



445 Surah Al ' Anbiya (21), ayah 16. 

446 Surah 'Ankabut (29), ayah 44. 
44 ' Siirah Al Ahqaf (46), ayah 3. 

448 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 190. 

449 Surah Al Rum (30), ayah 22. 



Page | 163 



Verily, In the alternation of the night and the day and in all that Allah has 
created in the heavens and the earth are Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, 
lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) for those people who keep their duty to 
Allah, and fear Him much. 4 " 

16:65 A sign of Allah's authority for those who want to listen and a sign of 

Allah's authority for those 
13:3 who think. 



And Allah sends down water (rain) from the sky, then He revives the earth 
therewith after its death. Verily, In this is a sign (clear proof) for people 
who listen (obey Allah). 4 " 

(J|J Oj^Ciij j?ji\ c-4"3 ilU'i (J o! J^l JJI t^~*J Ot^' 

An</ ;7 « //e who spread out the earth, and placed therein firm mountains 
and rivers and of every kind of fruits He made Zawjain Ithnaln (two in pairs 
- may mean two kinds or it may mean: of two sorts, e.g. black and white, 
sweet and sour, small and big, etc.) He brings the night as a cover over the 
day. Verily, In these things, there are Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, 
signs, etc.) for people who reflect. 4 ' 2 

2:29 It is created to fulfil the needs of 'mankind' and as a mercy from 

Allah. 

3 (^ sc? 1, J^ >*i o>'>^— 

He if « wfto created for you all that is on earth. Then He Istawa (rose over) 
towards the heaven and made them seven heavens and He is the All-Knower 
of everything. 451 

45 : 1 3 It is created for the sake of 'mankind' in order that 

3 1 :20 they are thankful for blessings; 



450 SQrah Yunus (10), ayah 6. 

451 SQrah Al Nahl (16), ayah 65. 
4!2 SQrah Al Ra'd (13), ayah 3. 
m SQrah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 29. 



Page | 164 



And has subjected to you all that is in the heavens and all that is in the 
earth; it is all as a favour and kindness from Him. Verily, in it are signs for 
a people who think deeply. 4 " 

jd_«jO *Svic A^lj i/O"^' S 3 cj'3 1 -*-^-" tj ^ f^ >><— -OJl o' 'jiy J»-" 



See you not (O men) that Allah has subjected for you whatsoever is in the 
heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, and has completed and perfected 
His graces upon you, (both) apparent (i.e Islamic Monotheism, and the 
lawful pleasures of this world, including health, good looks, etc.) and 
hidden [i.e. one's faith in Allah (of Islamic Monotheism) knowledge, 
wisdom, guidance for doing righteous deeds, and also the pleasures and 
delights of the Hereafter in Paradise, etc.]? Yet of mankind is he who 
disputes about Allah without knowledge or guidance or a Book giving 
Light! 4 " 

1 1 :7 in order to test all of 'mankind'; and to find out 

67:2 whomever is the best in deeds within this life. 



jL«Jl j^p iaJ^"^ ^_j^=J >°Q' ^-? tj [VO^'i ^j'y^SM l j\^- (_£-\]l j-Aj 

And He it is who has created the heavens and the earth in six days and His 
Throne was on the water, that He might try you, which of you is the best in 
deeds. But if you were to say to them: "You shall indeed be raised up after 
death, " those who disbelieve would be sure to say, "This is nothing but 
obvious magic. ""' 

J?;.; jj-iiJI Jj^jLI I 3_»j "%J- {j~^\ ^xJI ^ji~! 5j2f-lj o>3^Jl jli <_£-i)l 

Who has created death and life, that He may test you which of you is best in 
deed. And He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving; 457 



454 Surah Al Jathiyah (45), ayat 13. 

455 Surah Luqman (31), ayah 20. 

456 Surah Hud (11), ayah 7. 

457 Surah Al Mulk (67), ayah 2. 



Page | 165 



The Total destruction of the Universe 



The destruction of the universe will certainly occur 

30:8 The purpose of creating the heavens and the earth 

35:41 is only for the duration of a definite predetermined 

28:38 time, when its destruction will be unavoidable. 

Ji-ljjiJLj "i\ 1»4sj l_.j ^j^lj cj'3^-DI AUljLi- U * t m»A}I 74 \)_fJ*H «Jji 

dS ojj^sO ^3 tfty ^^ o? \jg> o!3 (j»— 

Do rViey nof f/n'n& deeply (in their ownselves) about themselves (how Allah 
created them from nothing, and similarly He will resurrect them)? Allah 
has created not the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, 
except with Truth and for an appointed term. And indeed many of mankind 
deny the Meeting with their Lord. 4 -" 

Jx*\ ^y» U-g5w»l q\ t!)lj q^j *^JL? 0' ([y'j'^'j O'jV-*-^-'' i I ■•; « j <^' Ol * 

Verily! Allah grasps the heavens and the earth lest they move away from 
their places, and if they were to move away from their places, there is not 
one that could grasp them after Him. Truly, He is ever Most forbearing, 
Oft Forgiving.™ 



Fir aun (Pharaoh) said: "O chiefs! I know not that you have an Ilah (a god) 
other than me, so kindle for me (a fire), O Haman, to bake (bricks out of) 
clay, and set up for me a ar an (a lofty tower, or palace, etc.) in order that 
I may look at (or look for) the llah (God) of Musa (Moses); and Verily, I 
think that He [Musa (Moses)] is one of the liars. " 4m 

7:187-188 The time of this destruction is known only to Allah the Everlasting. 



4!! Surah Al Rum (30), ayah 8. 

459 Surah Fatir [or Al Mala'ikah] (35), ayah 41. 

4<>0 Surah Al Qasas (28). ayah 38. When it was completed, Allah % commanded JibrTl ^M to knock it down. He struck 

only one blow to it and it tumbled down in three pieces, killing thousands of soldiers of the Pharaoh's army (Tafslr Al 

QurtubT). 

Page | 166 



>"* ., , . ,<**,,>. ,*■*,-, * > j. - e «- - . -*- * 

LS -iiJ dlU "Si Ji j'I'J; bj-U»J M ^-LLII Jr-^=' er^j ^' ^f *4-^? '-*-'! 
I..J JcLlI ^ cJj^d=i^Z,H <_L_iJI »1pI o^S" jJj <il ili !-• SH [Jv= Slj liii 

'^™-- : Oj-^3^- ^^^ ^*°J j^* 1 -' "^1 ^! f 3-~-" es-"*- 4 

77ie;y a.s£ yow about the Hour (Day of Resurrection): "'When will he its 
appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). 
None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens 
and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden. " They ask 
you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is 
with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not. " 

Say (O Mu ammad 0): "I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself 
except as Allah wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib (unseen), I should 
have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have 
touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people 
who believe. """ 

1 1 : 123 It is only towards Allah that all decisions return. 

Uj 4-Jp [J^-ajjj a-L-pli >*& j*H\ f-^-jl ^13 ir^J^I'i o J '3 I -*~~-'' ^-~£ ^3 

And to Allah belongs the Ghaib (unseen) of the heavens and the earth, and 
to Him return all affairs (for decision). So worship Him (O Mu ammad M) 
and put your trust in Him. And your Lord is not unaware of what you 
(people) do. " 4t2 

'Mankind's' situation 

75:6-7 At the time of the 'Day of Resurrection' the eyes of 'mankind' will 

be wide open with surprise and fear from witnessing this event. 

He asks: '"When will be This Day of Resurrection?" 
So, when the sight shall be dazed,.. 463 

101:3-4 On that day 'mankind' will be like scattered moths. 

99:3-4 'mankind' will be in a state of confusion at witnessing the 

occurrences taking place around them; that day 



461 Surah Al A'raf(7), ayat 187-188. 

462 Surah Hud (11), ayah 123. 

40 Surah Al Qiyamah (75), ayat 6-7. 

Page | 167 



99:6 the earth will reveal all that has taken place. 



And what will make you know what the striking (Hour) is? 

It is a day whereon mankind will be like moths scattered about,.. 464 



And man will say: "What is the matter with it? " 

That day it will declare its information (about all what happened over it of 

good or evil). 4 " 



\ \ g I ' 1 c I IjjJ^J U UL« I yu bJ I J I ^aj J-^a'aJ 



77iaf day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown 
their deeds. 466 

The Heaven's situation 

21:103-104 On the day of that destruction the heavens will be rolled up like a 

scroll of paper. 

J_jl tSIjj Lis" t_.-^-=ilJ Jj?i-4Ji "ij*^== ;U-Ui <_£_>£j cjj |Jj ^Ijj-'-« i jj 

:T; ^jjUii US bj L_lp Ijlpj joJ^jij jii- 

77ie greatest terror (on the Day of Resurrection) will not grieve them, and 
the angels will meet them, (with the greeting): "This is your day which you 
were promised. " 

And (remember) the day when We shall roll up the heavens like a scroll 
rolled up for Books, as We began the first creation, We shall repeat it, (it is) 
a promise binding upon Uus. Truly, We shall do it. 46 ' 

25:25 The heaven will be torn asunder and white mist will issue from 

within; the angels will descend in waves. 

And (remember) the day when the heaven shall be rent asunder with clouds, 
and the angels will be sent down, with a grand descending. 4 " 

55:37 The heaven will be rent asunder, red and rosy. 



464 Surah AlQariah (101), ayat 3-4. 

465 Surah Al Baiyinah (99), ayat 3-4. 

466 Surah Al Baiyinah (99), ayah 6. 

467 Surah Al Anbiya (21), ayat 103-10 

468 Surah Al Furqan (25), ayah 25. 



Page I 1( 



Then when the heaven is rent asunder, and it becomes rosy or red like 
red-oil, or red hide. 469 

84:1-2 All of this will occur by His will and all will obey 

81:11 Allah and the heaven will be destroyed by Allah. 



0iLii.j t^JiLiilj 0cJLiil i"UUI IS) 

When the heaven is split asunder, 

and listens and obeys its Lord, and it must do so; 470 

And when the heaven shall be stripped off and taken away from its place; 47 ' 

The situation of the stars, moon and sun 

81:1 The sun will be wound around. 



@ojJS ^IltliJ 



When the sun Kuwwirat (wound round and lost its light and is 
overthrown). 472 

8 1 :2 The stars will fall and scatter. 

And when the stars shall fall; 471 

54:1 The moon will be cleft asunder with the result that 

75:8 the moon will lose its light. 



;ff^\ j f, i 1 1 jjiilj 2lpLUI c-jjisl 

77ie Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder (the people 
ofMakkah requested Prophet Mu ammad Mto show them a miracle, so he 
showed them the splitting of the moon). 474 






4W Surah Al Rahman (55), ayah 37. 

4.0 Surah Al Inshiqaq (84), ayat 1-2. 

4.1 Surah AlTakwir (81), ayah 11. 
411 Surah AlTakwir (81), ayah 1. 
m Surah Al Takwir (81), ayah 2. 
4,4 Surah Al Qamar (54), ayah 1. 



Page | 169 



And the moon will be eclipsed,.."' 

75:9 At that time the sun and the moon will be joined together and the 

heaven rolled up. 

And the sun and moon will he joined together (by going one into the other 
or folded up or deprived of their light, etc.) 476 

The Earth's situation 

81:3 The mountains will disappear and be like carded wool; they will be 

blasted and scattered like dust 
101 :5 and all will be flat and smooth. 

20:105-107 

And when the mountains shall made to pass away;" 7 

And the mountains will be like carded wool,.. 47 " 

ggj ll.l ^/j to-^f tpS <XP 

And rfjey aii you concerning the mountains, say; "My Lord will blast them 

and scatter them as particles of dust. 

"Then He shall leave it as a level smooth plain. 

"You will see therein nothing crooked or curved. """ 

81:6 Likewise the seas will be like blazing fire or overflow; and the earth 

will quake and pour out its insides. 

And when the seas shall become as blazing fire or shall overflow; 41 " 

84:3-5 The earth will be emptied and stretched out; everything obeys its 

Lord and it will obey. 



4 " Surah Al Qiyamah (75), ayah 8. 
4,6 Surah Al Qiyamah (75), ayah 9. 
4 " Surah Al TakwTr (81), ayah 3. 
4,8 Surah Al Qari'ah (101), ayah 5. 
■"' Surah Ta Ha (20), ayal 105-107. 
480 SurahAlTakwTr(81),ayah6. 



Page | 170 



(Jjjc-is-j t^Jc-iilj (JtJcJi-j tjJ fjiLJUIj (Jjj cj Jj Jfij"^' 'M5 

And wnen fne eartn is stretched forth, 

and has cast out all that was in it and became empty, 

and listens and obeys its Lord, and it must do so; 4 " 

The Earth and its plants 

The state of the earth and the mountains 



16:15 Allah J js lays out the earth and implants mountains into the earth as 

pegs so that it does not shake. 

O ^J-^r 5 }-^=^* i %~S b4 l i p-^=H J -^ O 1 ^_f?'$j <j>'ji\ <4 i!/"j 

And He has affixed into the earth mountains standing firm, lest it should 
shake with you, and rivers and roads, that you may guide yourselves. 4 " 2 

20:53 This earth is complete with roads and rivers as 

21:31 guidance signs for 'mankind' . 

Who has made earth for you like a bed (spread out); and has opened roads 
(ways and paths etc.) for you therein; and has sent down water (rain) from 
the sky. And We have brought forth with it various kinds of vegetation. 4 " 1 

And We have placed on the earth firm mountains, lest it should shake with 
them, and We placed therein broad highways for them to pass through, that 
they may be guided. 4 " 4 

31:10 Allah has distributed on this earth a proliferation of 

35:27 various animals and plants of various colours and 

35:28 fruits. 

- . , - 1 ,. r «-,-,-,, - ', £ E ,-, - ' 



481 Surah Inshiqaq (84), ayat 3-5. 

482 Surah Al Nahl ( 1 6), ayah 1 5 . 

483 Surah Ta Ha (20), ayah 53. 

484 Surah Al'Anbiya (21),ayah31. 



Page I 171 



He has created the heavens without any pillars, that you see and has set on 
the earth firm mountains, lest it should shake with you. And He has 
scattered therein moving (living) creatures of all kinds. And We send down 
water (rain) from the sky, and We cause (plants) of every goodly kind to 
grow therein. 4 " 

, •- E , '( « ,*'■ ,,: , . ,. i- ,-, -, , - , , s,t^ s-s ,- ■* 

See you not that Allah sends down water (rain) from the sky, and We 
produce therewith fruits of varying colours, and among the mountains are 
streaks white and red, of varying colours and (others) very black. 4 " 6 

And o/ men and Ad Dawab (moving living creatures, beasts, etc.), and 
cattle, in like manner of various colours. It is only those who have 
knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah. Verily, Allah is All Mighty, 
Oft Forgiving. 41 " 

78:6-8 Likewise animals and 'mankind'. The earth is as a bed and the 

mountains as pegs whilst 'mankind' 
13:3 is in pairs. 

Have We not made the earth as a bed, 

and the mountains as pegs? 

and We have created you in pairs (male and female, tall and short, good 

and bad, etc.). 4 "" 

,« -„ -• ^,- i < E <- -«- -,** , ~ 

tj|j Oj^Ciij ^»ji) c-4"3 iHJ'i j o! 3^' J*" is?* J - ot^' 

And ;7 is He who spread out the earth, and placed therein firm mountains 
and rivers and of every kind of fruits He made Zawjain Ithnaln (two in pairs 
- may mean two kinds or it may mean: of two sorts, e.g. black and white, 
sweet and sour, small and big, etc.) He brings the night as a cover over the 
day. Verily, in these things, there are Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, 
signs, etc.) for people who reflect. 4 "' 



Take note! 



4S! Surah Luqman (31), ayah 10. 

486 Surah Fatir [or Al Malaikah] (35), ayah 27. 

48 ' Surah Fatir [or Al Malaikah] (35), ayah 28. 

488 Surah Al Naba' (78), ayat 6-8. 

48 ' Surah AlRa'd (13), ayah 3. 



Page I 172 



The state of the various lands and plants 



7:58 Of the various lands there are those that are fertile 

18:8 and those that are infertile. 

\iii',\^m IjSo Sf! rji-~ "i ti~=- l5 Ji'j <-£J oik **jI? rj^-"44y ' -*t"j 

77ie vegetation of a good land comes forth (easily) by the permission of its 
Lord, and that which is bad, brings forth nothing but a little with difficulty. 
Thus do we explain variously the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, 
signs, revelations, etc.) for a people who give thanks." 

'H ff - -V - - * - " tf 

And Verily! We shall make all that is on it (the earth) a bare dry soil 
(without any vegetation or trees, etc.). 4 "' 

2:155 When infertile this is a test and an ordeal from Allah with a decrease 

in the success of fruit growth and 
means of agriculture. 

And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of 
wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to A - abirin (the patient ones, 
etc.). 4 ' 2 

55:6 Trees and plants prostrate to Allah. 

And the herbs (or stars) and the trees both prostrate. 4 " 

32:27 By means of the rain Allah creates and makes fertile 

25:49 the barren and infertile land. 



ji g 1 "Ol 4jl» J-^=l3 fcjj ^-J rji^J ji>?*J' u^j"^' til • (Jj—i lil bji Pi' 



490 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 58. 
4,1 SSrah Al Kahf (18), ayah 8. 

492 SSrah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 155. 

493 SSrah Al Rahman (55), ayah 6. 



Page I 173 



Have they not seen how We drive water (rain clouds) to the dry land without 
any vegetation, and therewith bring forth crops providing food for their 
cattle and themselves? Will they not then see? 494 

That We may give life thereby to a dead land, and We give to drink thereof 
many of the cattle and men that we had created. 4 " 

16:65 This issue is a clear sign of Allah's authority, 

78:14-16 because He brings forth seeds and vegetation and lush gardens as a 

result of the rain He provided. 

And Allah sends down water (rain) from the sky, then He revives the earth 
therewith after its death. Verily, in this is a sign (clear proof) for people 
who listen (obey Allah). 496 



liliJl o^i^i ;;"";': l5Lj« £^ 



r-^>ejj (('"^.J v>-\jf- "t\j» ' " ] j-,^* i ' I -j-a Ujjjlj 



And have sent down from the rainy clouds abundant water, 
that We may produce therewith corn and vegetations, 
and gardens of thick growth. 4 " 7 

The production of Rain 



13:12-13 The dark clouds, thunder and thunderbolts make 'mankind' fearful 

and hopeful of the prospect that rain will fall bringing with it mercy. 

(JfJ JLidl JUJLi 3-»j aI)1 j ^jjJ-Ujf - 

It is He who shows you the lightning, as a fear (for travellers) and as a hope 
(for those who wait for rain). And it is He who brings up (or originates) the 
clouds, heavy (with water). 

And Ar-Ra 'd (thunder) glorifies and praises him, and so do the angels 
because of His awe, He sends the thunderbolts, and therewith He strikes 



4.4 Surah Al Sajdah (32), ayah 27. 

4.5 Surah Al Furqan (25), ayah 49. 

4.6 Surah AINahl (16), ayah 65. 
497 Surah Al Naba' (78), ayal 14-16. 



Page I 174 



whom He wills, yet they (disbelievers) dispute about Allah. And He is 
mighty in strength and Severe in punishment. 498 

25:48 The wind brings glad tidings because rain eventuates from the 

35:9 wind's movement. 



And it is He who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before 
His Mercy (rain), and we send down pure water from the sky,.. 4 "' 

OjJ J^'jH\ *-> l-4^li c-4-« jIj j! -tii— i C&S" j&i '^{)\ J— jl c^JJI jJjIj 

And if w A/Za/i who sends the winds, so that they raise up the clouds, and We 
drive them to a dead land, and revive therewith the earth after its death. As 
such (will be) the Resurrection!'" 

30:48 The wind bears clouds to certain places in the form 

24:43 of wads and rolls similar to mountains in construction. From out of 

their rifts comes water 

and/or ice. 

1 a ,.K j4*^3 sl^<_a-5' sl_«-Ul <J j<da~4g* uL>t-ui j£^ pH^ iS*?J* c£^!' ^' 

,s», ' '»-'.' 

AWa/i i'.v //e wfto sends /ne winds, io fney raise clouds, and spread them 
along the sky as He wills, and then break them into fragments, until you see 
rain drops come forth from their midst! Then when He has made them fall 
on whom of His slaves as He will, Lo! They rejoice!"" 

See you nof i/iaf Allah drives the clouds gently, then joins them together, 
then makes them into a heap of layers, and you see the rain comes forth 



' Surah AlRa'd (13), ayat 12-13. 
' Surah Al Furqan (25), ayah 48. 

Surah Fatir [or Al Malaikah] (35), ayah 9. 

1 Surah Al Rum (30), ayah 48. 



Page I 175 



from between them. And He sends down from the sky hail (like) mountains, 
(or there are in the heaven mountains of hail from where He sends down 
hail), and strike therewith whom He will, and averts it from whom He wills. 
The vivid flash of its (clouds) lightning nearly blinds the sight."' 2 

23:18 Subsequently this water is absorbed into the land and flows to 

valleys. 



And We sent down from the sky water (rain) in (due) measure, and We gave 
it lodging in the earth, and Verily, We are able to take it away." 1 

13:17 This process is maintained continuously and forms a cycle. 



tL s 



i 



,3^tJ ! <UJl <-l>yyaJ klAJ'jS' jaIL? -IjJ Ai^-a jl ^f" »^*~3' J^' tj ^^ Oj-^J^ 

//<? .«<?«& (/own water (rain) from the sky, and the valleys flow according to 
their measure, but the flood bears away the foam that mounts up to the 
surface, and (also) from that (ore) which they heat in the fire in order to 
make ornaments or utensils, rises a foam like unto it, thus does Allah (by 
parables) show forth Truth and falsehood. Then, as for the foam it passes 
away as scum upon the banks, while that which is for the good of mankind 
remains in the earth. Thus Allah sets forth parables (for the Truth and 
falsehood, i.e. belief and disbelief).'" 

86:11 "By the sky which gives rain". 

By the sky (having rain clouds) which gives rain, again and again. 

56:68-70 Allah creates that rain and treats it so that it is not salty. This is surely 

a blessing from Allah that 'mankind' must be thankful of. 



502 Surah Al Nur (24), ayah 43. 

503 Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayah 18. 

504 Surah Al Ra'd (13), ayah 17. 



Page | 176 



Tell Me! the water that you drink. 

Is it you who cause it from the rainclouds to come down, or are We the 

Causer of it to come down? 

If We willed, We Verily could make it salt (and undrinkable), why then do 

you not give thanks (to Allah) ?"' 

25:50 This rain is distributed amongst various places and not just in one 

place alone. 

And indeed We have distributed it (rain or water) amongst them in order 
that they may remember the Grace of Allah, but most men refuse (or deny 
the Truth or Faith) and accept nothing but disbelief or ingratitude.' 06 

The Proliferation process of plants 

21:30 Everything that lives is created from water. 



Have not those who disbelieve known that the heavens and the earth were 
joined together as one united piece, Then we parted them? And We have 
made from water every living thing. Will they not then believe?" 7 

2:22 Rainwater is the bearer of life to plants. 

Jr? *-^. (T>^~^ *^ ftl-ft— Jl rr* Jjj'j »Lij iLL-Jlj Li^^s j^bj^/l *5o J-*?- <S^ 

Wio /ia.« fflffiic rfie earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, 
and sent down water (rain) from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits 
as a provision for you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) 
while you know (that He alone has the Right to he worshipped)." 8 

55:10-12 Plants flower and amongst them are those that are sweet scented. 

Allah has created flowers in pairs 
13:3 (male - female). 



505 Surah Al Waqi'ah (56), ayat 68-70. 

506 Surah Al Furqan (25), ayah 50. 

507 Surah Al ' Anbiya (21), ayah 30. 
!0! Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 22. 



Page I 177 



0&% <J> h$ \ 



And the earth He has put for the creatures. 

Therein are fruits, date-palms producing sheathed fruit-stalks (enclosing 

dates). 

And also corn, with (its) leaves and stalk for fodder, and sweet-scented 

plants."' 

(J|J oj^Ciij ^«ji) C-4SI ii-U'i j o! 3^' JJ' c5^ iltt"' 

And if is //e w/jo spread out the earth, and placed therein firm mountains 
and rivers and of every kind of fruits He made Zawjain Ithnaln (two in pairs 
- may mean two kinds or it may mean: of two sorts, e.g. black and white, 
sweet and sour, small and big, etc.) He brings the night as a cover over the 
day. Verily, In these things, there are Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, 
signs, etc.) for people who reflect.'" 

15:22 These flowers are fertilised and fecundated by means of the wind 

(those that are larger are likewise fertilised by animal movements). 

And We send the winds fertilizing (to fill heavily the clouds with water), 
then caused the water (rain) to descend from the sky, and We gave it to you 
to drink, and it is not you who are the owners of its stores [i.e. to give water 
to whom you like or to withhold it from whom you like].' 1 ' 

41 :47 Fruit comes forth from its sheath once it is large and mature enough. 

Vi IP^ Cxi J-?-^ "j LfeL^I ±y? ^P'y^ cr? Vj^~ "J **l—J' i»% *y. *J! * 

(Y/ie learned men) refer to Him (Alone) the knowledge of the Hour. No fruit 
comes out of its sheath, nor does a female conceive (within her womb), nor 
brings forth (young), except by his knowledge. And on the Day when He will 
call unto them (polytheists) (saying): "Where are My (so-called) partners 
(whom you did invent)?" They will say: "We inform You that none of us 
bears witness to it (that they are Your partners)!" 5 ' 2 

6:99 Allah enhances the flavours and varieties one from 

13:4 the other. 



!W Surah Al Rahman (55),ayat 10-12. 

510 Surah AlRa'd (13), ayah 3. 

511 Surah AlHijr (15), ayah 22. 

512 Surah Fussilat (41), ayah 47. 



Page I 178 



It is He who sends down water (rain) from the sky, and with it We bring 
forth vegetation of all kinds, and out of it We bring forth green stalks, from 
which We bring forth thick clustered grain. And out of the date palm and its 
spathe come forth clusters of dates hanging low and near, and gardens of 
grapes, olives and pomegranates, each similar (in kind) yet different (in 
variety and taste). Look at their fruits when they begin to bear, and the 
ripeness thereof. Verily! in these things there are signs for people who 
believe." 1 



-I- ^JJ-^ ^j-^, 

Anrf in the earth are neighbouring tracts, and gardens of vines, and green 
crops (fields etc.), and date-palms, growing out two or three from a single 
stem root, or otherwise (one stem root for every palm), watered with the 
same water, yet some of them We make more excellent than others to eat. 
Verily, in these things, there are Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs) for 
the people who understand.'" 

15:19 There are all kinds of plants and in all manner of measure. 



O 0jj> >JJ" JS"o? y ^'j l&'x> ^ 1 ^ ill j L^oa-. J^'jH^i 

And the earth We spread out, and placed therein firm mountains, and 
caused to grow therein all kinds of things in due proportion.' 1 ' 

6:59 Leaves fall and seeds fall; Grass grows green and 

87:4-5 lush and then becomes dark and dry; 






!13 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 99. 
" 4 Surah AlRa'd (13), ayah 4. 
!1! Surah AlHijr (15), ayah 19. 



Page | 179 



And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows 
them hut He. And He knows whatever there is in (or on) the earth and in the 
sea; not a leaf falls, hut He knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of 
the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a clear Record." 6 

O <^>*"' »^ j4«<j (J;! Ij-'Ji 'r)>-\ tjJl^j 

And who brings out the pasturage, 
and then makes it dark stubble." 7 

39:21 Plants turn dry and yellow and eventually wither. 

See you not, that Allah sends down water (rain) from the sky, and causes it 
to penetrate the earth, (and then makes it to spring up) as water-springs and 
afterward thereby produces crops of different colours, and afterward they 
wither and you see them turn yellow, then He makes them dry and broken 
pieces. Verily, in this, is a reminder for men of understanding."" 

25:50 Because the cycle of rain alternates, then after rain 

78:14-16 falls the plants are once more revitalized and lush. 

And indeed We have distributed it (rain or water) amongst them in order 
that they may remember the Grace of Allah, but most men refuse (or deny 
the Truth or Faith) and accept nothing but disbelief or ingratitude." 9 

li LaJ I C^lxj- J (;'";: Lj Ljj lL>- ^<L> r-^^jj (;'";:: to- L£- s L» O/^ajt-sJ I ^yA UJjj Ij 



And have sent down from the rainy clouds abundant water. 
That We may produce therewith corn and vegetations, 
and gardens of thick growth.' 20 

The Earth's surface is the source of livelihood 



15:20 The earth was created by Allah for the interests of 

7:10 'mankind'; as a source of livelihood complete with 



Surah Al An' am (6), ayah 59. 
' Surah Al ' Ala (87), ayat 4-5. 
K Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 21. 
' Surah Al Furqan (25), ayah 50. 
° Surah AINaba' (78), ayat 14-16. 



Page | 180 



16:10 water. 



; cs^Jji -">-! r-~> cfi tj^r" ^ -*^ t-^*?-j 



And We have provided therein means of living, for you and for those whom 
you provide not [moving (living) creatures, cattle, beasts, and other 
animals].' 21 



i ojj^ & %fi Jwj" tpj ^ \^*>-5 ij=yi\ 



4 1 



And surely, We gave you authority on the earth and appointed for you 
therein provisions (for your life). Little thanks do you give. 122 

He if is vv/io sends down water (rain) from the sky; from it you drink and 
from it (grows) the vegetation on which you send yYour cattle to pasture;' 21 

23:19 There are many varieties of plants, those bearing 

23:20 fruit and different in flavour (6:41). 

[?|j! OjKu tjLaj aJjiS" &''jS tpi ^jCl i__ilplj J-i ^ c^->- ^4j ^jCl liliili 

77ien We brought forth for you therewith gardens of date-palms and grapes, 
wherein is much fruit for you, and whereof you eat.' 24 

And a tree (olive) that springs forth from Mount Sinai, that grows oil, and 
(it is a) relish for the eaters.' 2 ' 

31:10 Various kinds of animals; 

iS}fi_f £jj J^= cr? ^ ^^ '*-* s 1 -^ 11 erf ^Lp'j j^'- 5 J^" 

Zfe n«.v created the heavens without any pillars, that you see and has set on 
the earth firm mountains, lest it should shake with you. And He has 
scattered therein moving (living) creatures of all kinds. And We send down 
water (rain) from the sky, and We cause (plants) of every goodly kind to 
grow therein.' 26 

36:79-80 Allah has created fire to come forth from green trees. 

67:3 Everything has been created in harmony and compatibility. 



521 Surah AlHijr (15), ayah 20. 

522 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 10. 

523 Surah AINahl (16), ayah 10. 

524 Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayah 19. 

525 Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayah 20. 

526 Surah Luqnfin (31), ayah 10. 



Page | 181 



{j* j£] JjLi <_£ jjl ,;;|T;.; j»Jc jii- JSy y&j fjA Jjl Liliil ^o)l Lp-^j [}i 

Say: (O Mu ammad M) "He will give life to them who created them for the 

first time! And He is the All-Knower of Every creation! " 

He, who produces for you fire out of the green tree, when behold! you kindle 

therewith.' 27 

*_>^jli cjyJC qa ql^-jW i jiS~ , j CSy L« LsLU? Oj 1 » ■'■ *-?-« (^JLs— (jr-dl 

Wno has created the seven heavens one above another, you can see no fault 
in the creations of the Most Beneficent. Then look again: "Can you see any 
rifts?"' 2 ' 

11:61 'mankind' was created from earth and settled on the earth, as its 

executor:- 
2:30 Khallfah ffl 'ard - o^> ' 3Aj$ "**£'■*■. 

, * „ , -,,>-, , s * . ,,,* > , , - * , , > - l , ,; - 
V^^ - S-*oS tjj o! ^! '30 3 -^ fljjg*" *>IS Lpj J&j^*^Z>\j i j^jy\ ^ja *5Lijl 



And to Thamiid (people, We sent) their brother ali (Saleh). He said: "O 
my people! Worship Allah, you have no other lldh (God) but Him. He 
brought you forth from the earth and settled you therein, then ask 
forgiveness of Him and turn to Him in repentance. Certainly, my Lord is 
near (to all by His Knowledge), Responsive. " 52 ° 

J-~jb qa Lpi Jji^-I I3JIS 5-M^ iy=jVI j J-f Lf (j) SSLlLUJ -£Lj Jli iU 
^j^ijO "V L« ~Jp1 Til JLs lLU ^« J_ajJ 2jj_«^ f=~~j lt^J * L»4]l >±X&JLaj LpS 



And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "Verily, I am going to 
place (mankind) generations after generations on earth. " They said: "Will 
You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, - 
while we glorify You with praises and thanks (Exalted be You above all that 
they associate with You as partners) and sanctify You. " He (Allah) said: "I 



! " Surah Ya Sin (36), ayat 79-80. 
528 Surah Al Mulk (67), ayah 3. 
"'Surah Hud (11), ayat 61. 



Page I 182 



know that which you do not know. """ 

30:41 When destruction occurs on this earth its cause is as a result of 

'mankind's' performance upon it (Because of that, it is necessary to 
conserve it and reap its rewards without excessiveness and only as 
one pleases). 

IjLf t£4)l [y*J>->. « g SjJlJ ,p»LJI t£JLJl c~— S" Lij j»*r"j J>" j -^LliJl ^4^ 

£vj7 (rins and disobedience of Allah, etc.) has appeared on land and sea 
because of what the hands of men have earned (by oppression and evil 
deeds, etc.), that Allah may make them taste a part of that which they have 
done, in order that they may return (by repenting to Allah, and begging His 
Pardon)."' 



Domesticated and other animals 

The Creation and Proliferation of animals 

24:45 All kinds of animals are created from water; and 

42: 1 1 created in pairs in order that all the various kinds of 

31:10 animals may multiply. 



A/Za/i has created every moving (living) creature from water. Of them there 
are some that creep on their bellies, some that walk on two legs, and some 
that walk on four. Allah creates what He wills. Verily! Allah is Able to do all 
things." 2 

u , •( „e~ -f > > ( ,,"',, E «~ -, - 

77ie Creator of the heavens and the earth. He has made for you mates from 
yourselves, and for the cattle (also) mates. By this means He creates you (in 



™ Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 30. 
531 Surah Al Rum (30), ayat41. 
552 Surah Al Nur (24), ayah 45. 



Page | 183 



the wombs). There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the All-Hearer, the 
All-Seer."' 



//e fta.v created the heavens without any pillars, that you see and has set on 
the earth firm mountains, lest it should shake with you. And He has 
scattered therein moving (living) creatures of all kinds. And We send down 
water (rain) from the sky, and We cause (plants) of every goodly kind to 
grow therein." 4 

2:164 Allah has distributed over the face of this earth 

35:28 various kinds of animals with various colours and types. 



J^ y 4 <Sj£ j}* 4^'j J0 l i JJ' o^-lj J°Wj o'ylUI jli- j oj 

^->J ^-r V* -^H [j^J "^ ' *4 ^*~ Li p La ^a f L«JlJ I ^yi *JJ I jj p I La J /^ LJ I * '.j L«>J 

Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation 
of night and day, and the ships which sail through the sea with that which is 
of use to mankind, and the water (rain) which Allah sends down from the 
sky and makes the earth alive therewith after its death, and the moving 
(living) creatures of all kinds that He has scattered therein, and in the 
veering of winds and clouds which are held between the sky and the earth, 
are indeed Aydt (proofs, evidences, signs, etc.) for people of 
understanding."' 



ffjjjAfc jl^i- Alii ^j_jJ IjLaJ-nJl 0;?WP 

And of men and Ad Dawab (moving living creatures, beasts, etc.), and 
cattle, in like manner of various colours. It is only those who have 
knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah. Verily, Allah is All Mighty, 
Oft Forgiving." 6 



Various animals and their various lairs 

1 1 :6 Allah knows the dwelling places of all creatures; 



533 Surah Al Shura (42), ayah 1 1 . 

534 Surah Luqman (31), ayah 10. 

535 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 164. 

536 Surah Fatir [or Al Malaikah] (35), ayah 28. 



Page | 184 



And no (moving) living creature is there on earth hut its provision is due 
from Allah. And He knows its dwelling place and its deposit (in the uterous, 
grave, etc.). All is in a clear Book (Al-Lauh Al-Ma fu - the Book of decrees 
with Allah).' 17 

1 6:68 and it is Allah who makes provisions for them all; 

And yowr Lord inspired the bee, saying: "Take you habitations in the 
mountains and ii the trees and In what they erect."" 

29:41 observe the inhabitations of the spiders; 

The likeness of those who take Auliya" (protectors and helpers) other than 
Allah is as the likeness of a spider, who builds (for itself) a house, but verily, 
the frailest (weakest) of houses is the spider's house; if they but knew." 9 

2:26 the mosquitoes; 

Ven7y, AZ/an ('.« no? ashamed to set forth a parable even of a mosquito or so 
much more when it is bigger (or less when it is smaller) than it. And as for 
those who believe, they know that it is the Truth from their Lord, but as for 
those who disbelieve, they say: "What did Allah intend by this parable? " 
By it He misleads many, and many He guides thereby. And He misleads 
thereby only those who are Al-Fasiqun (the rebellious, disobedient to 
Allah)." 

2:57 the quails; 



"'Surah Hud (11), ayah 6. 

338 Surah AINahl (16), ayah 68. 

539 Surah Al AiikabQt (29), ayah 41. 

540 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 26. 



Page | 185 



. ^ \Jt te'jilMj lyJ\ 'JCfe UJjjIj jiliiJt ,U=Ji HUfej 

;^~; Qj *■ 'il^j \ g "-o' 1 1 ^ ^ ilr^3 L)j-«-Ui L«J 

And We shaded you with clouds and sent down on you Al-Manna and the 
quails, (saying): "Eat of the good lawful things We have provided for you, " 
(but they rebelled). And they did not wrong Us but they wronged 
themselves. 54 ' 

16:79 Observe the birds in flight; 

Do they not see the birds held (flying) in the midst of the sky? None holds 
them but Allah [none gave them the ability to fly but Allah]. Verily, in this 
are clear proofs and signs for people who believe (in the Oneness of 
Allah)." 2 

22:28 livestock; 

22:36 camels, etc. 

5-s^g-J {j* p-QS jj L. Ji C-^_jlLi >Ljl J_| Aill LZ,\ \$j£=ju$ 'p-$i £-4^ IjJ-jiJ 

77ia? Hiev may witness things that are of benefit to them (i.e. reward of ajj 
in the Hereafter, and also some worldly gain from trade, etc.), and mention 
the Name of Allah on appointed days (i.e. 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th Day of 
Dhu'l- ijjah), over the beast of cattle that He has provided for them (for 
sacrifice) (at the time of their slaughtering by saying: Bismillah, 
Wallahu-Akbar, Allahumma Minka Wa Ilaik). Then eat thereof and feed 
therewith the poor who have a very hard time.'" 

„ _ , ^_ ».^, i % i^ - , . 

\S\y0 L^lp AUl 1Zi\ IjJC'iti jS- Lpj^Ll rtiil jfi-i. Jtf JkJ I ('-Mi- v^J-AJIj 

>-..*.. -. - E „. ,•'.-•'.,, * . ■ "' „ '. ' u 

15J \J$jji^ liU'JS' JlL«JIj >oLaJI Ij^jJsij L,L Ijixs ^.y^r o~^j liji 

CIS Gjy^~> *-5U*J 

And <ne Bwdn (cows, oxen, or camels driven to be offered as sacrifices by 
the pilgrims at the sanctuary of Makkah.) We have made for you as among 
the symbols of Allah, therein you have much good. So mention the Name of 
Allah over them when they are drawn up in lines (for sacrifice). Then, when 
they are down on their sides (after slaughter), eat thereof, and feed the 
beggar who does not ask (men), and the beggar who asks (men). Thus have 



541 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 57. 

542 Surah AINahl (16), ayah 79. 
'" Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 28. 

Page | 18 



We made them subject to you that you may be grateful." 4 

25:59 Allah created two seas; one palatable and the other salty; both free to 

meet each other and yet neither transgresses an unseen barrier 
55:19-22 between them; from within them are various animals and precious 

16:14 belongings. 

Who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six 
days. Then He Istawd (rose over) the Throne (in a manner that suits His 
Majesty). The Most Beneficent (Allah)! Ask Him (O Prophet Mu ammad 
M), (concerning His Qualities, His rising over His Throne, His creations, 
etc.), as He is Al-Khabir (the All-Knower of everything i.e. Allah)." 1 

^u-Osj L*5\jj t %\t t_£LJ ({'"'"': ^LJlLj 2 f'JA '-*4~ 1 -! €~^ v. Q" v t'W.j^*-y^ <T j* 

f 

^^^U^JIj 3J3JJI U4L. jj^-- (Jfj 



',.£-. 

He has let loosed the two seas (the salt water and the sweet) meeting 

together. 

Between them is a barrier which none of them can transgress. 

Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinns and men) 

deny? 

Out of them both come out pearl and coral." 6 

L^j j~~ij ^b- 4~? ^y^j^-^j Lj \So L*j>J <u^ l^l_^= uu j>*~S I j>*** ■ 5 4] I j-* j 

df5 ^_ux£*-~~^ ^ *-=al*J j - A Jai ^-r? '>*~r43 ^ jh '>* i-lijd I ^_J-yJ 

And He it is who has subjected the sea (to you), that you eat thereof fresh 
tender meat (i.e. fish), and that you bring forth out of it ornaments to wear. 
And you see the ships ploughing through it, that you may seek (thus) of His 
Bounty (by transporting the goods from place to place) and that you may be 
grateful." 7 

6:38 All living creatures dwell in communities like us. 

i_^5p I j Uls^s u JxJli-«l L«l "^l a^-&£ js^j jfb Slj^jMI j jjli,>j lij 

There is not a moving (living) creature on earth, nor a bird that flies with its 
two wings, but are communities like you. We have neglected nothing in the 



544 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 36. 
!4! Surah Al Furqan (25), ayah 59. 

546 Surah Al Rahman (55), ayat 19-22. 

547 Surah AINahl (16), ayah 14. 



Page | 187 



Book, then unto their Lord they (all) shall be gathered."" 

16:8 Allah created horses, mules, donkeys, and other beings that we do 

not know of. 

And f//e na.s created) horses, mules and donkeys, for you to ride and as an 
adornment. And He creates (other) things of which you have no 
knowledge.' 49 

The Benefits of animals for 'mankind' 



16:66 Pure milk is available from animals as a wholesome drink. 



And Verily! In the cattle, there is a lesson for you. We give you to drink of 
that which is in their bellies, from between excretions and blood, pure milk; 
palatable to the drinkers." 

23:21 Animals provide many benefits besides for 'mankind'; meats to eat; 

skins and hides for 
1 6:80 furnishings; wools and furs for dress and warmth; 



And Verily! In the cattle there is indeed a lesson for you. We give you to 
drink (milk) of that which is in their bellies. And there are, in them, 
numerous (other) benefits for you, and of them you eat."' 



And A//dft «a.v made for you in your homes an abode, and made for you out 
of the hides of the cattle (tents for) dwelling, which you find so light (and 
handy) when you travel and when you stay (in your travels), and of their 
wool, fur, and hair (sheep wool, camel fur, and goat hair), a furnishing and 



!4! Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 38. 
549 Surah Al Nahl (16), ayah 8. 
!!0 Surah AINahl (16), ayah 66. 
551 Surah AlMu'minun (23), ayah 21. 



Page I 18 



articles of convenience (e.g. carpets, blankets, etc.), a comfort for a while." 2 
16:5-8 they cany loads for 'mankind'; give pleasure to the eye. 

2 I ^J(-bj IjjjSvj JkJ j\j ,J) ^_^=ul_ajl (J_«-^-J (;~); <^j>-J^i 0^3 Oj^\p ^_^J?" 

And ine cattle, He has created them for you; in them there is warmth (warm 

clothing), and numerous benefits, and of them you eat. 

And wherein is beauty for you, when you bring them home in the evening, 

and as you lead them forth to pasture in the morning. 

And they carry your loads to a land that you could not reach except with 

great trouble to yourselves. Truly, your Lord is full of kindness, Most 

Merciful. 

And (He has created) horses, mules and donkeys, for you to ride and as an 

adornment. And He creates (other) things of which you have no 

knowledge." 1 

36:72 Allah submits the animals for the benefit of 

40:79-80 'mankind'. 



gjj Ojift t£.j ^Jjfj t^j ^i LgjUJiJ 



And We have subdued them unto them so that some of them they have for 
riding and some they eat." 4 



4)1 



> , J . ''•' ', ,", > > > >, ',•», 

Allah, it is He who has made cattle for you, that you may ride on some of 
them and of some you eat. 

And you have (many other) benefits from them, and that you may reach by 
their means a desire that is in your breasts (i.e. carry your goods, loads, 
etc.), and on them and on ships you are carried.'" 

43:12-13 We need to glorify Allah, our Lord who has made submissive for 

'mankind' that which we have no 
power to submit. 



552 Surah AINahl (16), ayah 80. 

553 Surah A] Nail (16), ayat 5-8. 

554 Surah Ya Sin (36), ayah 72. 

555 Surah Al MQ'min [or Ghafir](40), ayat 79-80. 



Page I 18 



:~; OH/*- 4 -"^ Lx^= Uj I jj_a bJ 

And who «a.s created all the pairs and has appointed for you ships and 
cattle on which you ride, 

in order that you may mount firmly on their backs, and then may remember 
the Favour of your Lord when you mount thereon, and say: "Glory to Him 
who has subjected this to us, and we could never have it (by Our efforts). ""' 

22:34 Slaughtering for sacrifice is a fixed law. 

And for every nation We have appointed religious ceremonies, that they 
may mention the Name of Allah over the beast of cattle that He has given 
them for food. And your Ildh (God) is one Ildh (Allah), so you must submit 
to Him alone (in Islam). And (O Mu ammad M) give glad tidings to the 
Mukhbitin [those who obey Allah with humility and are humble from among 
the true believers of Islamic Monotheism],..' 57 

16:69 Honey is a medicine for 'mankind'. 

<_al£j£- £>^ Lgj^jflj qa rrj^ ^-1^ 4^3 <Sr" iJv-~^ Oj^Ul JS ^a Jf 1J 

"Then, eat of all fruits, and follow the ways of your Lord made easy (for 
you). " There comes forth from their bellies, a drink of varying colour 
wherein is healing for men. Verily, in this is indeed a sign for people who 
think."" 

The attitude of 'mankind' towards animals 

4:116-119 The posture of the mushrikm - U^J*-" - polytheists: invoke 

injustice, in order to generate rituals that 
6:136-140 assign partners with Allah; make halal that which is 

6: 148 haram and vice versa. 



556 Surah Al Zukhruf (43), ayat 12-13. 
! " Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 34. 
M! SurahAlNahl (16), ayah 69. 



Page | 190 







Ven'fy/ A/Zan forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with 
Him, but He forgives whom He pleases sins other than that, and whoever 
sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away. 
They (all those who worship others than Allah) invoke nothing hut female 
deities besides Him (Allah), and they invoke nothing but Shai an (Satan), a 
persistent rebel! 

Allah cursed him. And he [Shai an (Satan)] said: "I will take an appointed 
portion of Your slaves; 

Verily, I will mislead them, and surely, I will arouse in them false desires; 
and certainly, I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and indeed I will 
order them to change the nature created by Allah. " And whoever takes 
Shai an (Satan) as a WalTy (protector or helper) instead of Allah, has surely 
suffered a manifest loss."" 

A* Ae 

At 

Ac 

o^>-j JLjoI ^aJj_a I^JLsJ (;^5 ^j^JJj^-i t-*J ^-*J-^ a^i*s U *UJl sLi ^Jj 
OjjfJ-J Si JLmilj L»j>4li c~/p- >»i*ilj ^4?-^ JLij ^ Sll LfWaj S >«- 

| U I^Jiij (;™^ ^J^J^-i I^L^= U-J ^a-gJj^4-~ ^4^ *'J^' 4^ ^' >»-"' 
A* , 

4-3 jL$i *^ O^V Olj ^r'jj' ilJi fjr^j lij_^=JJ i^aije- ^*i*iVI »Ji» Oji=-> 

13J-S-9 oi.j)i _^->- -ii ylJ j!Jc jl~=^ j, °! p i'^ j rR^4" >L^=>i 

And Zney assign to Allah a share of the tilth and cattle which He has 
created, and they say: "This is for Allah according to their pretending, and 
this is for our (Allah's so called) partners." But the share of their (Allah's 



' Surah Al Nisa (4), ayat 116-119. 

Page | 191 



so called) "partners" reaches not Allah, while the share of Allah reaches 

their (Allah 's so called) "partners "! Evil is the way they judge! 

And so to many of the Mushrikun their (Allah's so called) "partners" have 

made fair-seeming the killing of their children, in order to lead them to their 

own destruction and cause confusion in their religion. And if Allah had 

willed they would not have done so. So leave them alone with their 

fabrications. 

And according to their pretending, they say that such and such cattle and 

crops are forbidden, and none should eat of them except those whom we 

allow. And (they say) there are cattle forbidden to be used for burden or any 

other work, and cattle on which (at slaughtering) the Name of Allah is not 

pronounced; lying against Him (Allah). He will recompense them for what 

they used to fabricate. 

And they say: "What is in the bellies of such and such cattle (milk or foetus) 

is for our males alone, and forbidden to our females (girls and women), but 

if it is born dead, then all have shares therein." He will punish them for 

their attribution (of such false orders to Allah). Verily, He is All Wise, 

All Knower. 

Indeed lost are they who have killed their children, from folly, without 

knowledge, and have forbidden that which Allah has provided for them, 

inventing a lie against Allah. They have indeed gone astray and were not 

guided.' 60 

'iff" O? ^J" "i'i LijT-j'i Vj \'-£-=jZ.\ C« <&l 'Ait. ^J \£'jC,\ IjjJJI Jjill 
-A^r Qi (i-^= -J^-p D-» *Ai LLllj Ijili jl»- %& rji -CLS-i^ CjJ£ -£iijJJz= 

Those who took partners (in worship) with Allah will say: "If Allah had 
willed, we would not have taken partners (in worship) with him, nor would 
our fathers, and we would not have forbidden anything (against His Will). " 
Likewise belied those who were before them, (they argued falsely with 
Allah's Messengers), till they tasted of Our wrath. Say: "Have you any 
knowledge (proof) that you can produce before us? Verily, you follow 
nothing but guess and you do nothing but lie. ""' 

2:205 The posture of the munafiqln - U .fo ' '' " - hypocrites: invoke 

destruction. 



And when he turns away (from you "O Mu ammad"), his effort in the land 
is to make mischief therein and to destroy the crops and the cattle, and 
Allah likes not mischief"' 2 



560 Surah Al An'am (6), ayat 136-140. 
! " Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 148. 
562 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 205. 

Page I 192 



5:103-104 The posture of the kafinn - OiJP& - disbelievers: conjure up 

falsehood toward Islam and its laws; fabricate individual rules 
designed to mislead. 

Oxr-3-i IjyiS" oioll <J>^i >•£- S/j jl^=j S/j J^L" Slj 5/s^ qa jI)I Jju- Li 

j]3 ST Jjji Ti J! ijJUu ^i Jj lijj jgg Ojk« ^ piXl3 v^iT ST Jp 

A/Za/? /m.v nof instituted things like Ba Trah (a she camel whose milk was 
spared for the idols and nobody was allowed to milk it) or a Sd 'ihah (a 
she camel let loose for free pasture for their false gods, e.g. idols, etc., and 
nothing was allowed to be carried on it), or a Wa ilah (a she camel set free 
for idols because it has given birth to a she camel at its first delivery and 
then again gives birth to a she camel at its second delivery) or a am (a 
stallion camel freed from work for their idols, after it had finished a 
number of copulations assigned for it, all these animals were liberated in 
honour of idols as practised by pagan Arabs in the pre Islamic period). But 
those who disbelieve invent lies against Allah, and most of them have no 
understanding. 

And when it is said to them: "Come to what Allah has revealed and unto the 
Messenger (Mu ammad for the verdict of that which you have made 
unlawful). " They say: "Enough for us is that which we found our fathers 
following, " even though their fathers had no knowledge whatsoever and no 
guidance.'" 

5:105 The posture of the mu'mimn - jp^j-*- faithful: different from the 

others; behave in the Way commanded by Allah and His Messenger. 

Si jj jk£ia£*i lii 3^> q* Sjvh "^ iSwiii isQp i_jiii; Qtji\ Lyii 

O You who believe! Take care ofyourownselves, [do righteous deeds, fear 
Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has 
forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He 
has ordained)]. If you follow the right guidance and enjoin what is right 
(Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do) and forbid what is 
wrong (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden) no hurt can 
come to you from those who are in error. The return of you all is to Allah, 
then He will inform you about (all) that which you used to do.'" 



"•' Surah AlMa'idah(5),ayat 103-104. 
564 Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayah 105. 



Page | 193 



What is said about the Universe 5 



The Universe 



The age of the universe is approximately 25 billion years (25 x 10 9 ) and can 
still exist for some billions of years to come. 



Within this universe are billions of galaxies. Amongst these galaxies are: 

- the Milky Way (our solar system is contained within it) 

- the Magellan galaxy (at a distance of some 150 000 light years from the 
Milky Way) 

- the Andromeda galaxy (even further distant than the Magellan galaxy at a 
distance of some 2 000 000 light years) 

How distant is one light year? 

The speed of light is the maximum speed which matter can travel, namely 
299,792,458 metres per second or approximately 100 000 000 000 000 000 metres per 
year(10 16 ) 

How vast therefore is the universe when one takes into 
account the billions of galaxies therein? 



Only Allah -K knows. 

The Milky Way 



1 . Within the Milky Way galaxy alone there are in the order of 1 00 000 000 
000 (one hundred billion - 10 10 ) stars, one of which is our sun. 

2. The Milky Way galaxy is shaped like a disc. Thus, it is dense in the middle 
and thinner around all its edges. The centre of the Milky Way contains 
approximately 80 billion stars with the remaining 20 billion towards the 
edges, including the location of our sun. 

3 . The width of the Milky Way from one side to the other (diameter) is 1 00 
000 light years with the central part of the disc measuring approximately 10 
000 light years. 

4. The closest star is Alpha Centauri, the faintest component of which, 



Ensiklopedi Dunia Kita 4 (Encyclopaedia of Our World 4), PT Djambatan, Bumi dan Antariksa (The Earth and 
Outer Space); PN Balai Pustaka, Atlas Duma (Atlas of the World), Drs. Djenen Bale, M.Sc, Balai Pustaka Fisika 
(Physics), Bina Pustaka Tama, Surabaya. 

Page | 194 



Proxima Centauri, is the closest star to the Sun, at about 4.3 (4.3 x 10 ) 
light years distance from the earth. Our sun is not the biggest star. There are 
stars which are some 27 000 000 times larger than the sun." 6 



The Solar System 



The central point of orbit for the planets is our sun and the nine major planets 
known to revolve around the Sun are (in order of increasing distance from it): Mercury, 
Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. 

The following table is a comparison of the sun and the planets: 



Our 

Solar 
system 


Radius - 
Kilometres 


Distance 
from Sun - 
Kilometres 


Rotation 
time 567 - 
on its own 
axis in 
days 568 


Revolution 
time- 
around the 
Sun in 
days 569 


Mass 
(Earth = 

l 570 ) 


Sun 


700000 





25.0 





333400000 


Mercury 


2440 


57910000 


58.6467 


88 


0.055 


Venus 


6056 


108210000 


243.02 


224.7 


0.807 


Earth 


6378 


149600000 


23.9344696 


365.25636042 


1.000 


Mars 


3390 


227940000 


24.622961 


687 


0.106 


Jupiter 


71400 


778300000 


9.925 


4346.546 


318000 


Saturn 


60400 


1427320000 


10.543056 


10775.05 


94100 


Uranus 


23700 


2863840000 


17.24 


30681.5 


14400 


Neptune 


22300 


4478440000 


16.11 


60194.19 


17100 


Pluto 


3200 


5861440000 


6.3872 


90473.91 


0.9 



The Sun 



37.8 trillion kilometres in diameter! That is approximately 40 light years in diameter! 
7 Figures are at best approximate. 

R Measured as the time the earth rotates 1 00% around its own axis - 23.9344696 hours (23 h 56 m 4. 1 s). 
9 365.25636042 sidereal days. 
The mass of the earth is 5.98 x 10 24 kg. 



Page | 195 



Photosphere 



- that which is visible daily 

- in the form of agglomerations which always change as a result of the 
billowing hot gases from within 

- the temperature of the outer part is approximately 6000 °C 

- the nucleus of the sun has a temperature of between 10 000 000 °C and 
20 000 000 °C 



Chromosphere 



- this part of the sun is its atmosphere 

- approximately 10 000 km in width and red in colour 

- it looks like a red bracelet around the moon at the time of a solar eclipse 



Corona 



- the Corona is the extreme atmosphere of the sun 

- its form changes and its light is grayish 

- its temperature reaches 1 000 000 °C 

- easy to distinguish at the time of a total solar eclipse 

' ■ .' - ; '. . *. 
: . i ". : : : /■".' ," -•//'[ ■ , _.•_ . j, p h orasphe r e ( 5,ono"c > 

V n r n n * " ' ■/) , V /// jf^V . ■ , 

fljBSOjOOirO ilijJi£XIl/fy t /.■: „• , 

= " ■ "* V ?■ ■'■"■">"/-' -'/? ^vchnun d 3 p h«re 
'* '"" '-' , 'i , ->^-- , M6 1 OftQ mil thick) 




Structure i>f the sun 



■» •'. mi 



Page | 196 



The Earth 

1. The shape of the earth is, like the other planets, spherical; simple proof of which is: 

- at the time that the sun newly sets, high clouds and mountains are still clearly 

visible 

- a straight path in one direction will return to its starting point 

- the apex of a ship's mast is visible before the rest of a ship approaching the coast 



2. As we ourselves observe, the surface of the earth is made up of level as well as high 
lands (mountains); flat and also steep; smooth and expansive. The greater division is 
seas wherein some parts are ripples and rather smooth whilst other parts are high 

waves 
that resemble mountains; and moreover parts of the sea are frozen. 



3. The further one penetrates the earth the higher the temperature" 1 : 

- a depth of 50 km reaches a temperature of 
1 500 °C 

- a depth of 3 000 km reaches a temperature of 
5 000 °C 

- the centre of the earth reaches a temperature of 
7 000 °C 

4. Our earth also both rotates (upon its own axis) and revolves (its orbit around the 
sun), in the same direction, namely from the west to the east. The result of the earth's 
rotation brings about day, night, and differing times between places on different 
degrees of longitude. Whilst the effect of the earth's revolution results in the changing 
of seasons; lengthening of days and nights; and the viewing of, from month to month, 
different constellations. 



Rain Process and Sea Currents 



1 The Earth is a nearly spherical body with an equatorial radius of slightly more than 6,378 kilometres (3,963 miles). 

Page | 197 






Timii-|jiji1 by Weather ayittma 




D«DP £hlT3flB 




<^m*- 



^$m 










Page | IS 



Ocean currents occur because of the difference in density between sea water and 
wind. Sea water shifts from locations of high density to locations of low density. 
The colder the water temperature the higher the content of salt. Ocean currents that 
are formed by the difference in water temperature are referred to as vertical and 
horizontal currents, whereas the influence of wind on the ocean's surface forms 
surface ocean currents. 



Page | 199 



Page | 200 



CHAPTER 2 
Supernatural Creatures and their Nature 



And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib, none knows them 
but He. And He knows whatever there is in the earth and 
in the sea; not a leaf falls, but He knows it. There is not a 
grain in the darkness of the earth nor anything fresh or 
dry, but it is written in a, Clear Record.™ 



' Surah Al ' An'am (6), ayah 59. 

Page | 201 



The Ghaib *jA 



With Allah are the keys of all that is hidden 



32:6 Allah knows all that is hidden and all that is seen, whether in the 

59:22 heavens or the earth. 



35:38 



That is He, the All Knower of the unseen and the seen, the All Mighty, the 
Most Merciful." 1 



gjJJU?-^ 1 Cr^>" >* SJj+iJ'J i_^JL" JUi y» VI iiil ^ l5 All *>ll >■ 

He is Allah, than whom there is La Malta ilia Huwa (none has the Right to be 
worshipped hut He) the All-Knower of the unseen and the seen (open). He is 
the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.™ 



.s £- 



Verily, Allah is the All Knower of the unseen of the heavens and the earth. 
Verily! He is the All Knower of that is in the breasts. 5 " 

49:18 Everything is written in a Clear Record 

27:75 (JajakUl j-j] the 'Preserved Tablet'). 

Verily, Allah knows the unseen of the heavens and the earth. And Allah is 
the All-Seer of what you do." 6 

And there is nothing hidden in the heaven and the earth, but is in a clear 
Book (i.e. Al-Lauh Al-Ma fu )."' 

6:59 With Allah are the keys to all that is hidden and no one knows these 

things except Allah Himself. 

' ' ,'. - , E , -i-.. .'<• - ,'--, V *-,,-,, ' ''ft -- > - 



573 Surah Al Sajdah (32), ayah 6. 

" 4 Surah Al Hashr (59), ayah 22. 

" ! Surah Fatir [or Al Malaikah] (35), ayah 38. 

576 Surah Al Hujurat (49), ayah 18. 

5,7 Surah Al Naml (27), ayah 75. 

Page I 202 



l_- ^S (^ *^l ^j~fi Slj i-J»J Slj u^jM' CU-Uli ^ jii- Slj LfiUj "^J |ijj ^ 

And vwYft ffim are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows 
them hut He. And He knows whatever there is in (or on) the earth and in the 
sea; not a leaf falls, hut He knows it. There is not a grain in the darkness of 
the earth nor anything fresh or dry, but is written in a clear Record.™ 

Allah knows the affairs of the hidden 



15:24 Allah knows the people of before and those now present. 

(;vg: Qij^k^Jil U^dp JJiJj (i-^t? Cfe'}' 1 """* ^ ^-^ -UiJj 

And indeed, We know the first generations of you who had passed away, 
and indeed, We know the present generations of you (mankind), and also 
those who will come afterwards." 9 

33:63 No one knows about the Sa'at - Ax-LudL or time of the occurrence 

34:3 of Resurrection except Allah. 

OjSi as-\JJ\ JjLI vHjjOj lij JjI Axi- Lg-«ip Lijj Iji siLUl ^s- ^LLlI kiUl^j 

People ask you concerning the Hour, say: "The knowledge of it is with 
Allah only. What do you know? It may be that the Hour is near!" 580 

ijij Si s~ill j^s- \ '^aljjl-Ll ^jj |\Jj *Ji iiLUl llutj Si IjjiS" ^y.JJI Jlsj 
4 Sl!j^=l Yj jHU'i^ ji^al ^Ij^jMI 4 Slj cJyl^S\ £ sji JLii? aIc 



ffi J*-*' 



Those who disbelieve say: "The Hour will not come to us. " Say: "Yes, by 
my Lord, it will come to you. " (Allah, He is) the All Knower of the unseen, 
not even the weight of an atom (or a small ant) or less than that or greater, 
escapes from his knowledge in the heavens or in the earth, but it is in a clear 
Book (Al Lauh Al Ma fu ).»• 

27:65 There is no being either in the heavens or upon the earth who knows 

about the ghaib except Allah. 



!,! Surah Al An' am (6), ayah 59. 
"' Surah Al Hijr (15), ayah 24. 
580 Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayah 63. 
!8 ' Surah Saba' (34), ayah 3. 



Page | 203 



> , A , 



oljl Ojy^i ^>j *"i j! v^-*-" (j^j^'j •pj'>-«-iJ' j ^ J»"j Si Ji 



Say: "None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except 
Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected. " xl 

3 1 :34 It is Allah who sends down the rain; It is Allah who knows what is in 

the womb; no one knows what is in store for 'him' tomorrow or 
where it will be that 'he' dies. 

A* 

Verify, Allah! with Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends 
down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows 
what He will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. 
Verily, Allah is All Knower, All Aware (of things).'" 

Allah knows all that is in the heart 

6:3 Allah knows whatever is concealed and revealed; 

And //e «• A//an (to foe worshipped Alone) in the heavens and on the earth, 
He knows what you conceal and what you reveal, and He knows what you 
earn (good or had)."" 

16:23 Allah knows the intentions of all 'mankind'. 



Certainly, Allah knows what they conceal and what they reveal. Truly, He 
likes not the proud.'" 

27:74 Allah knows what is concealed by the heart and what is revealed by 

it. 

And Verily, your Lord knows what their breasts conceal and what they 



582 Surah Al Naml(27), ayah 65. 

583 Surah Luqman (31), ayah 34. 

584 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 3. 
!8! Surah AINahl (16), ayah 23. 



Page | 204 



reveal.' 86 
3 1 :22-23 Allah knows all the contents of the heart. 

^fjjjJL^aJI ol-Lj .fit *0J I (jJ 

And wno.soever submits his face (himself) to Allah [i.e. (follows Allah's 
Religion of Islamic Monotheism), worships Allah (Alone) with sincere faith 
in the (1) Oneness of His Lordship, (2) Oneness of His worship, and (3) 
Oneness of his names and Qualities], while He is a Mu sin (good doer i.e. 
performs good deeds totally for Allah 's sake without any show-off or to gain 
praise or fame etc. and does them in accordance with the Sunnah of Allah 's 
Messenger Mu ammad M), then He has grasped the most trustworthy 
hand hold [La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the Right to be worshipped but 
Allah)]. And to Allah return all matters for decision. 
And whoever disbelieved, let not his disbelief grieve you (0 Mu ammad M). 
To Us is their return, and We shall inform them what they have done. 
Verily, Allah is the All Knower of what is in the breasts (of men)."" 

Some of that which is hidden 



34:46 The Prophet Muhammad M on the basis of the wahyu (revelation - 

is A X) he received from Allah, delivered to and admonished 
'mankind' about their requirement to obediently and submissively 
represent themselves towards Allah before the coming of the severe 
torment and the Day of Resurrection. 

. E . ,'■ -,- ,; ,,' ,.,*■, >- *" , ' , *-,< ' 

Say (to them O Mu ammad 0): "I exhort you on one (thing) only: that you 
stand up for Allah 's sake in pairs and singly, and reflect (within yourselves 
the life history of the Prophet 0): there is no madness in your companion 
(Mu ammad M), he is only a warner to you in face of a severe torment. """ 

72:26-28 Allah does not reveal anything of the ghaib except towards those 

Messengers whom He has elected. 



586 Surah Al Naml(27),ayah 74. 
!S ' SQrah Luqman (31), ayat 22-23. 
!8! SQrah Saba' (34), ayah 46. 



Page | 205 



"(Tfe Alone) the All-Knower of the Ghaib (unseen), and He reveals to none 

his Ghaib (unseen). " 

Except to a Messenger (from mankind) whom He has chosen (He informs 

Him of unseen as much as He likes), and then He makes a band of watching 

guards (angels) to march before him and behind him. 

[He (Allah) protects them (the Messengers)], till He sees that they (the 

Messengers) have conveyed the Messages of their Lord (Allah). And He 

(Allah) surrounds all that which is with them, and He (Allah) keeps count of 

all things (i.e. He knows the exact number of everything).' 89 

81:22-24 In all truth Muhammad M is under no circumstances insane; and he 

has seen the angel Jibrll ( U,J1 $*& towards the east; and he is not a 
person to withhold that which he knows of the ghaib. 

3 ■>* - > ****** ~ ~ t 

fSj on**-! 

And (O people) your companion (Mu ammad M) is not a madman; 

And indeed he (Mu ammad M) saw him [Jibrll (Gabriel)] in the clear 

horizon (towards the east). 

And he (Mu ammad 0) withholds not a knowledge of the unseen."' 

72:1-3 The Messenger of Allah M whilst reciting Al Quran was listened to 

by a group of Jinn ( U^" 

* < * ' t i ^ 

t~sy±^ dj£l 1_« lijj Jjp- tj 1 *- 1 -"°'J &j '-k=-' Lij^H -4/^J rt^J ^ LL*L±S J-^jJl 

Say (O Mu ammad 0): "It has been revealed to me that a group (from 

three to ten in number) ofjinns listened (to this Qur an). They said: 'Verily! 

we have heard a wonderful recital (this Qur an)! 

'It guides to the Right path, and we have believed therein, and we shall 

never join (in worship) anything with our Lord (Allah). 

And exalted be the Majesty of our Lord, He has taken neither a wife, nor a 

son (or offspring or children).' 92 

3:44 Amongst news of the ghaib are accounts of past generations. 



!8 ' Surah Al Jinn (72),ayat 26-28. 

590 Surah Al Takwir (81), ayat 22-24. 

591 A creation, created by Allah from fire, like human beings from mud, and angels from light. 

592 Surah Al Jinn (72), ayat 1-3. 



Page | 206 



7Vi!i is a part of the news of the Ghaib (unseen, i.e. the news of the past 
nations of which you have no knowledge) which We inspire you with (O 
Mu ammad M). You were not with them, when they cast lots with their pens 
as to which of them should he charged with the care ofMaryam (Mary); nor 
were you with them when they disputed.' 91 

3:179 Allah delegated knowledge towards Muhammad M in order that he 

perceives the contents of mans" hearts. 

Q 6 Uj I JljaJ I ^jA ^~~3-l jpj^ <&- ^ip ^JO I La {JS- j^i~« J-«J I J J4J <&\ <jb La 

AHoft vW// noi leave the believers in the state in which you are now, until He 
distinguishes the wicked from the good. Nor will Allah disclose to you the 
secrets of the Ghaib (unseen), but Allah chooses of His Messengers whom 
He pleases. So believe in Allah and His Messengers. And if you believe and 
fear Allah, then for you there is a great reward.' 94 

2:3 Belief in that which is ghaib is one characteristic of a person with 

piety. 

ijTj o j°?'^ r < c^ jj k"-j 3_jJ-5=tJ 1 oj-«-£jj ±~^U oy~fp. oyJi 

(Those) who believe in the Ghaib and perform A - alat (Iqamat-a - aldt), 
and spend out of what We have provided for them [i.e. give Zakat , spend on 
themselves, their parents, their children, their wives, etc., and also give 
charity to the poor and also in Allah 's Cause - Jihad, etc.].' 9 ' 

The Mala ikat **j'^ The Angels 
The creation and essence of Mala ikat 



The Mala' ikat are composed of light, 5 " according to a particular hadith 
narrated by Aisha &■ As regards their characteristics: 



! " Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 44. 
" 4 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 179. 

595 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 3. 

596 Nowhere in AlQuran is there a direct reference to angels being composed of light. However, the hadith of 'Aisha 
4* affirms that such is the case. 

Page I 207 



16:49-50 They are not proud; they are fearful of their Lord and they willingly 

obey the commands of Allah. 

And to Allah prostate all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, of 
the live moving creatures and the angels, and they are not proud [i.e. they 
Worship their Lord (Allah) with humility]. 
They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded.' 91 

2 1 :26-27 They are regarded as honoured slaves by Allah; they never withdraw 

from Allah's command and are 
66:6 obedient; they never rebel against His commands. 

And iney .vav: "77ie Mo.v< Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a son (or 
children). " Glory to Him! They [those whom they call Children of Allah i.e. 
the angels, Isa (Jesus) son ofMaryam (Mary), 'Uzair (Ezra), etc.], are but 
honoured slaves. 
They speak not until He has spoken, and they act on His Command.' 98 

SSLlU t^Ip S^liJ-lj tj" li-ijij Ijli^SCjjfcij ^x_lijl Iji \y^\'i (j>,j\\ L^lij 

O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire 
(Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels 
stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the commands they 
receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded.'"' 

37:1-3 Those in groups who line up do so in an orderly rows; they desist 

from immoral acts and they recite that which they have learned 
(revelation from Allah). 

By those (angels) ranged in ranks (or rows). 

By those (angels) who drive the clouds in a good way. 

By those (angels) who bring the Book and the Qur an from Allah to 

mankind.'" 



! " Surah Al Nahl ( 1 6), ayat 49-50. 
5,8 Surah Al ' Anbiya (21), ayat 26-27. 
! " Surah Al Tahrim (66), ayah 6. 
600 Surah Al Saffat (37), ayat 1-3. 



Page I 208 



89:22 On the Day of Judgement they will line up and at the same time they 

37:165-166 will obey the command of Allah and glorify Him. 



;;rO LL^s LjL^s ^tlUJ \j *1Aj J f W J 

And your Lord comes with the angels in rows,.."" 

Ven'fy, we (angels), we stand in rows for the prayers (as you Muslims stand 

in rows for your prayers); 

Verily, we (angels), we are they who glorify (Allah's praises i.e. perform 

prayers). 6 ' 2 

22:75 The Mala'ikat are the envoys and messengers of 

1 6:2 Allah towards those slaves inspired by Him. 

:77: j^-^h /*^«— « ^ ^_j! i_r^' ^l^?i ">*-~j s_^=^iUJi ^T^ ^^fl^aj *uji 

A/Za/i chooses Messengers from angels and from men. Verily, Allah is 
All-Hearer, All-Seer." 1 

//e sends rfown the angels with inspiration of His command to whom of His 
slaves He pleases (saying): "Warn mankind that La ilaha ilia Ana (none 
has the Right to be worshipped but I), so fear Me (by abstaining from sins 
and evil deeds). 604 

6:8-9 The Mala'ikat are neither prophets nor messengers for all (except to 

those Prophets and Messengers as ordained by Allah) of 'mankind'. 

, - j* - i , % > , 

})j o 3 %4 H % 'jH\ [jati SX UTpl yj jAI. «_& JjjI ~H'j!> iyiij 

l^j ^_jjLAj U jt g Jp UJLJJj "^-J 4^-Lfc^J L^=lLa 4ilLaL>- 

And rfiey .say: "W/iy ft&s not an angel been sent down to him? " Had We sent 
down an angel, the matter would have been judged at once, and no respite 
would be granted to them. 

And had We appointed him an angel, We indeed would have made him a 
man, and We would have certainly caused them confusion in a matter which 
they have already covered with confusion (i.e. the message of Prophet 
Mu ammad M). m! 

601 Surah Al Fajr (89), ayah 22. 

602 Surah Al Saffit (37), ayat 165-166. 

603 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 75. 

604 Surah AINahl (16), ayah 2. 

605 Surah Al Anam (6), ayat 8-9. 

Page | 209 



2:30-31 The knowledge of the Mala'ikat is limited to that which has been 

taught to them by Allah, even 
2:33 though they are especially gifted. 

*** 

^» 
QytXfZ "^ Ls j^-LpI Tjj Jli kUJ ^« J_ajj 2jj_*^ f=~~J rr*-J »La Jjl ^XsJ^j t^Jz 

s^'jli ;lll,L> ^jipl jLii SSLiUJl jp p-r^<> p ^ '"C^^ 1 f^« fel @S 

And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "Verily, I am going to 
place (mankind) generations after generations on earth. " They said: "Will 
You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, - 
while we glorify You with praises and thanks (Exalted be You above all that 
they associate with You as partners) and sanctify You. " He (Allah) said: "I 
know that which you do not know. " 

And He taught Adam all the names (of everything), then He showed them to 
the angels and said, "Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful. ""'"• 

,. ** 

C~i- pJ-l ^J ^53 JJI j^JI Jli 'fyi&'U r>-»fc>l ills 'fyi&U (4^' f ^ L)L5 

(JgJ OjZ&J luf lij 0j->~> H Jclj (j^j^'j cj'>-^~" 

//e said: "O Adam! Inform them of their names, " and when he had 
informed them of their names, He said: "Did I not tell you that I know the 
Ghaib (unseen) in the heavens and the earth, and I know what you reveal 
and what you have been concealing ? " 6 " 7 

The duties of the Mala ikat 
Organize all matters 

77:1-5 The Mala'ikat Jibril (US.JJ ^- Gabriel) SS with the permission of his 

79:1-5 Lord organizes all matters. 

51:4 

97:4 

ls}3 C^li^fliJ li (;'";.; lydo o/^jj I j fTj: \ h *~c ,- 1 k .^.i.l lj f 7^ lij£ C-^lLv^J I j 



606 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 30-31. 

607 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 33. 

Page I 210 



By the winds (or angels or the Messengers of Allah) sent forth one after 

another. 

And by the winds that blow violently, 

and by the winds that scatter clouds and rain; 

and by the Verses (of the Qur an) that separate the right from the wrong. 

And by the angels that bring the revelations to the messengers,.. 6 '" 

By ifto.se (angels) who pull out (the souls of the disbelievers and the wicked) 

with great violence; 

by those (angels) who gently take out (the souls of the believers); 

and by those that swim along (i.e. angels or planets in their orbits, etc.). 

And by those that press forward as in a race (i.e. the angels or stars or the 

horses, etc.). 

And by those angels who arrange to do the commands of their Lord, (so 

Verily, you disbelievers will be called to account).""" 

And those (angels) who distribute (provisions, rain, and other blessings) by 
(Allah's) Command; "'" 






Therein descend the angels and the Ru [Jibnl (Gabriel)] by Allah's 
permission with All Decrees,.."" 



Convey wahyu to the anbiya' (>4# - prophets) and amongst 
those slaves inspired by Him. 



2:97 Jibnl SSI conveyed wahyu to the Prophet Muhammad M, which 

26:192-194 was assembled together as Al Quran. 



(3^5 oi~° j-*-LJ ^u-yc^j (^ -L&j ^j j~j 

Say (O Mu ammad M): "Whoever is an enemy to Jibnl (Gabriel) (let him 
die in his fury), for indeed he has brought it (this Qur an) down to your 
heart by Allah 's Permission, confirming what came before it [i.e. the Taurat 



* Surah Al Mursalat (77), ayat 1-5. 
9 Surah An Nazi'at (79), ayat 1-5. 
° Surah Al Dhariyat (5 1 ), ayah 4. 
1 Surah Al Qadr (97), ayah 4. 



Page | 211 



(Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] and guidance and glad tidings for the 
believers. 612 



And Truly, this (the Qur an) is a Revelation from the Lord of the Alamin 

(mankind, jinns and all that exists), 

which the trustworthy Ru [JihrTl (Gabriel)] has brought down; 

upon your heart (O Mu ammad 0) that you may be (one) of the warners,.." 1 

16:102 Other names for Jibrll 8§3 are: 

Ar Ruh ( £ J J^L the spirit) 

Al Amin ( U^-L the peaceful) 

Ar Ruhul Qudus (O"-^' £ J&- spirit of the holy) 

^UjJuj iS-i^j \y~>\* ^J.&\ c4tJ JpS-L -LiJ ^ ^aiJI ^jj ^*Jji "Jj 

Say ("O Mm ammad Mj Ril -ul-Qudus [JibrTl (Gabriel)] has brought it (the 
Qur an) down from your Lord with truth, that it may make firm and 
strengthen (the faith of) those who believe and as a guidance and glad 
tidings to those who have submitted (to Allah as Muslims).''" 

42:51 The Mala'ikat JibrTl SfisI also delivered wahyu to the first Prophets 

4:163 and Messengers, amongst whom was the Prophet Zakanya 35SI. 

3:40-41 

(;'?;; JL^=lj>- <^£- j4jj sLl> L ^4jJb 

ft w no? given fo any human being that Allah should speak to him unless (it 
be) by inspiration, or from behind a veil, or (that) He sends a Messenger to 
reveal what He wills by His Leave. Verily, He is Most High, Most Wise." 5 

^Sji .-.j Q*.j-Aj i~jjjj Ojjij je-^^-j iL_^ ^ij s-^^^3 L^^li i3^-*-^!3 

(C^5l J_HJ ■^-'9^ b_u U J 



" 2 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 97. 

613 Surah Al Shu'ara (26), ayat 192-194. 

614 Surah AINahl (16), ayah 102. 

615 Surah Al Shura (42), ayah 51. 



Page I 212 



Verily, We have inspired you(0 Mu ammad M) as we inspired Nu (Noah) 
and the Prophets after him; We (also) inspired 'Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma 'Tl 
(lshmael), Is dq (Isaac), Ya qub (Jacob), and Al Asbd [the twelve sons of 
Ya qub (Jacob)], Isd (Jesus), Ayub (Job), Yunus (Jonah), Hdrun (Aaron), 
and Sulaiman (Solomon), and to Dawud (David) we gave the Xabur 
(Psalms). 6 ' 6 

^iij ill I ^Di'JS 3 13 ji\j> { j\' J i\' i 'JJs=b\ <jiL Isj life J Oj53 ^1 y>j Jli 

//e .«n'J: "O my Lord! How can I have a son when I am very old, and my 
wife is barren ? " Allah said: "Thus Allah does what He wills. " 
He said: "O my Lord! make a sign for me. " Allah said: "Your sign is that 
you shall not speak to mankind for three days except with signals. And 
remember your Lord much (by praising Him again and again), and glorify 
(Him) in the afternoon and in the morning. " 6n 

16:2 The Mala'ikat Jibril 3K9 also delivers inspiration to those slaves 

deemed to receive it by Allah; 

He sends down the angels with inspiration of His command to whom of His 
slaves He pleases (saying): "Warn mankind that La ildha ilia Ana (none 
has the Right to be worshipped but I), so fear Me (by abstaining from sins 
and evil deeds). 6 ' 8 

3:42-46 amongst them was Maryam (fi Jf>- the mother of the Prophet Tsa 

(Jesus) «a. 



5 Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 163. 
' Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayat 40-41. 
'SiirahAlNahl (16), ayah 2. 



Page | 213 



And (remember) when the angels said: "O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allah 
has chosen you, purified you (from polytheism and disbelief), and chosen 
you above the women of the 'Alamin (mankind andjinns) (of her lifetime). " 
O Mary! "Submit yourself with obedience to your Lord (Allah, by 
worshipping none but Him Alone) and prostrate yourself, and Irka 7 (bow 
down etc.) along with Ar-Rdkiun (those who bow down etc.). " 
This is a part of the news of the Ghaib (unseen, i.e. the news of the past 
nations of which you have no knowledge) which We inspire you with (O 
Mu ammad M). You were not with them, when they cast lots with their pens 
as to which of them should be charged with the care of Maryam (Mary); nor 
were you with them when they disputed. 

(remember) when the angels said: "O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allah gives 
you the glad tidings of a word [ "Be! " - and he was! i. e. Isa (Jesus) the son 
of Maryam (Mary)] from him, his name will be the Messiah Isa (Jesus), the 
son of Maryam (Mary), held in honour in this world and in the Hereafter, 
and will be one of those who are near to Allah. " 

"He will speak to the people in the cradle and in manhood, and he will be 
one of the righteous. """ 

Pacify the hearts of the Prophets and the Faithful. 

8:1 1-12 (Remember) when your Lord inspired the angels, :Verily, I am with 

you, so keep firm those who have believed. I will cast terror into the 
hearts 

3:126 of those who have disbelieved, so strike them over 

2:253 the necks, and smite over all their fingers and 

5:110 toes." 

<iX>J ,J-y il \ ^lls^l Aj S^S} l^=kjy3 Qs- -kj^CJj j'i-l-.ijl J=-j^Ji 

;T; plli 3-^= pjjL. \y/&\j lillp - ^! Sji \yj^>\i <J-pj)l 

(remember) when He covered you with a slumber as a security from Him, 
and He caused water (rain) to descend on you from the sky, to clean you 
thereby and to remove from you the Rijz (whispering, evil-suggestions, etc.) 
of'Shai an (Satan), and to strengthen your hearts, and make your feet firm 
thereby. 

(remember) when your Lord inspired the angels, "Verily, I am with you, so 
keep firm those who have believed. I will cast terror into the hearts of those 
who have disbelieved, so strike them over the necks, and smite over all their 
fingers and toes. " 62 ° 



s " Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayat 42-46. 
SM Surah Al An'am (8), ayat 1 1-12. 



Page | 214 



A//a/i made if «of fewf «.« a message of good news for you and as an 
assurance to your hearts. And there is no victory except from Allah, the 
All-Mighty, the All-Wise."' 

* *. , • « . * ' 

0^=-j:> „'. \ .h %J *jjj *ill pS' qj »4^! (_/"J Ji * < i ^*< LJ-^ai J-"jJ I ^5 * 

fjgj Jbjj Li JjlAj aI)I J^yJj Ijliiil C jil ili, yj jiS" 

Those Messengers! We preferred some to others; to some of them Allah 
spoke (directly); others He raised to degrees (of honour); and to Isa 
(Jesus), the son of Maryam (Mary), We gave clear proofs and evidences, 
and supported him with Ru -ul-Qudus [Jibril (Gabriel)]. If Allah had 
willed, succeeding generations would not have fought against each other, 
after clear verses of Allah had come to them, but they differed - some of 
them believed and others disbelieved. If Allah had willed, they would not 
have fought against one another, but Allah does what He likes. 622 

(jijj l^jL bjSos tp? ^rjjis (jijj JLyi isl^S" l _ n ^JI £^ JS- ijj J~i)llj 
^~. SiJ laii b! f£? !j_^ OirJ' i-JLis c^pL >4^% ^J -XliP JjfiA-! 



(remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection). "O Isa 
(Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Remember My Favour to you and to your 
mother when I supported you with Ru ul Qudus [Jibril (Gabriel)] so that 
you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and when I taught you 
writing, Al ikmah (the power of understanding), the Taurat (Torah) and 
the Injeel (Gospel); and when you made out of the clay, as it were, the 
figure of a bird, by My Permission, and you breathed into it, and it became 
a bird by My Permission, and you healed those born blind, and the lepers by 
My Permission, and when you brought forth the dead by My Permission; 



621 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 126. 

622 Svirah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 253. 

Page | 215 



and when I restrained the Children of Israel from you (when they resolved 
to kill you) since you came unto them with clear proofs, and the disbelievers 
among them said: "This is nothing hut evident magic. "'" 

As friends, guardians and helpers of the Faithful. 

41:30-31 Allah made it not but as a message of good news for you, and as an 

assurance to your hearts. And 
8:9 there is no victory except from Allah, the 

3:123-126 All-Mighty, the All-Wise. 

Us jjl 5_^>>-ll j IJjUjI t yi- ((Jj -^-IjjJ-Pjj JU^S" jjl iii-lj \jj~z)j \y'j£- 

Verify, f/iose w/jo .say/ "Our Lord is Allah (Alone), " and then they 
lstaqamu, on them the angels will descend (at the time of their death) 
(saying): "Fear not, nor grieve! but receive the glad tidings of paradise 
which you have been promised! 

"We have been your friends in the life of this world and are (so) in the 
Hereafter. Therein you shall have (all) that your inner-selves desire, and 
therein you shall have (all) for which you ask for. 624 

(remember) when you sought help of your Lord and He answered you 
(saying): "I will help you with a thousand of the angels each behind the 
other (following one another) in succession. " 62! 

'"i~;v o£r~° ^5oJ_«Jl ^« ^iiJls ^lij (i-^sj ^-^^ 0' r^lj'Ni t -jJ 1 ^j__^_«J^iJ 

igj^Si-T jj^jT St ^ ^ %'jJJ\ 

And Allah has already made you victorious at Badr, when you were a weak 
little force. So fear Allah much [abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds 
which He has forbidden and love Allah much, perform all kinds of good 
deeds which He has ordained] that you may be grateful, 
(remember) when you (Mu ammad M) said to the believers, "Is it not 



623 Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayah 1 10. 

624 Surah Fussilat (40), ayat 40-41. 

625 Surah Al Anffll (8), ayah 9. 

Page | 216 



enough for you that your Lord (Allah) should help you with three thousand 

angels; sent down ? " 

"Yes, if you hold on to patience and piety, and the enemy comes rushing at 

you; your Lord will help you with five thousand angels having marks (of 

distinction). " 

Allah made it not but as a message of good news for you and as an 

assurance to your hearts. And there is no victory except from Allah, the 

All-Mighty, the All-Wise. 626 

Pray for the Faithful and ask for forgiveness. 

42:5 Nearly the heavens might render asunder from above them, and the 

angels glorify the praises of 
33:43 their Lord, and ask for forgiveness for those on 

40:7-9 the earth; (Remember that) Verily, Allah is the Oft-Forgiving, the 

Most Merciful. 

' ' -> '.> '■'-. E * .'. ^ J '-- > , - t - >£■■ 

ijfj aj-jJi j>^" >* *"i o! Mi ^jMi <4 cr^- ■^Zjjj^~ a j 

Nearly the heavens might rent asunder from above them (by His Majesty), 
and the angels glorify the praises of their Lord, and ask for forgiveness for 
those on the earth, Verily, Allah is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful. 627 

0^==j j>-ll J] tpj-UJi-ll Jjj ^SCj-jijJ j-uSCiUj iSCJp ^J-^j is All >* 



He i? « who sends alat (his blessings) on you, and His angels too (ask 
Allah to bless and forgive you), that He may bring you out from darkness (of 
disbelief and polytheism) into light (of belief and Islamic Monotheism). And 
He is ever Most Merciful to the believers. 62 " 

ijjujij ijjb i^iolJ 3^1"* i"»i?j *-^"j !(^" J-^= ^-*~?j ^43 '>-•'* oyU 
^j ^aij (_g-Ji o-*-* 1 s^-? - -*i^'j ^43 C|5 j*^?^"' s- j '- L « 1 ^slj ^W- 

f^fr?j Cp -*5^»JI Jjj«JI cU>l >ibj X&Hj'z) p4^r'D'j 't+4i^>X' (jt ^° 

Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allah) and those around it glorify 
the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those 



6:6 Surah Al Imran (3), ayat 123-126. 
621 Surah Al Shura (42), ayah 5. 
M! Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayah 43. 



Page I 217 



who believe (in the Oneness of Allah) (saying): "Our Lord! You 
comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who repent 
and follow Your way, and save them from the torment of the blazing Fire! 
"Our Lord! and make them enter the 'Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting 
gardens) which you have promised them, and to the righteous among their 
fathers, their wives, and their offspring! Verily, You are the All-Mighty, the 
All-Wise. 

"And save them from (the punishment, because of what they did of) the sins, 
and whomsoever You save from (the punishment, because of what they did 
of) the sins (i.e. excuse them) that day, him verily, You have taken into 
mercy. " And that is the supreme success." 2 ' 



Pronounce Salawat (^tjllalt- intercessory prayer) for the 
Prophet Muhammad H. 

33:56 Allah sends his Salat on the Prophet and also His angels too. O you 

who believe! Send your Salat on him and greet him with the Islamic 
way of greeting. 



Ij^_L«j 4~1p I*1-y=> I j^a U ^•jdAll C-LLj icr-' ' ii^ Oy ^ I 



Allah sends His alat (Graces, Honours, blessings, Mercy, etc.) on the 
Prophet (Mu ammad M) and also His angels too (ask Allah to bless and 
forgive him). O you who believe! Send your alat on (ask Allah to bless) 
him (Mu ammad M), and (you should) greet (salute) him with the Islamic 
way of greeting (salutation i.e. As Salamu 'Alaikum)."" 

Glorify Allah and prostrate before Him. 

7:206 Surely, those who are with your Lord are never to proud to perform 

2:30 acts of worship to Him, but they glorify His Praise and prostrate 

21:19-20 before Him. 



Surely, those who are with your Lord (angels) are never too proud to 
perform acts of worship to Him, but they glorify His praise and prostrate 
before Him."' 



629 Surah Al Mu'min [or Ghafir](40), ayat 7-9. 

630 Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayah 56. 

631 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 206. 

Page|2U 



t^j^ijO ^ Ls -JLp I Tjj Jli kUJ ^* J_ajJ j)j^^~ fc~~j lt^"J »La JU I ^Xa^yj ll^s 



And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "Verily, I am going to 
place (mankind) generations after generations on earth. " They said: "Will 
You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, - 
while we glorify You with praises and thanks (Exalted be You above All that 
they associate with You as partners) and sanctify You. " He (Allah) said: "I 
know that which you do not know. " 6n 

To Him belongs whosoever is in the heavens and on earth. And those who 
are near Him (i.e. the angels) are not too proud to worship Him, nor are 
they weary (of his worship). 

They (i.e. the angels) glorify His praises night and day, (and) they never 
slacken (to do so). 613 

Bear the 'Arsh ( "<_h j^- the throne) of Allah. 

69:17 And the angels will be on its sides, and eight angels will, that Day, 

40:7 bear the Throne of your Lord above them. 

And the angels will be on its sides, and eight angels will, that day, bear the 
Throne of your Lord above them. 614 

- ^ *- , ,4,4 „ , f ^> >' „ 'Y ' f t *' ' *f 

OjjO*" 'oj ^^-i Gy~?]tiJ fl-pj ^-*-£ G_> J>e ~~ 1 -"u^*- rj*j u-V^' Oy-*-^-" cf-^ 

IjjuJIj I^jIj (jiolJ 'j^i-^i LUp j 5-«j-j s^ji: J-6= cJ>~.j UJj ly~>K oijli 

Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allah) and those around it glorify 
the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those 
who believe (in the Oneness of Allah) (saying): "Our Lord! You 
comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who repent 
and follow Your way, and save them from the torment of the blazing Fire! 6 " 



632 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 30. 

633 Surah Al 'Anbiya (21), ayat 19-20. 

634 Surah Al haqqah (69), ayah 17. 

633 Surah Al MC'min [or Ghafir](40), ayah 7. 



Page I 219 



Inspire 'mankind' to do good and to bear witness. 

50:16 And every person will come forth along with an (angel) to drive 

50:21 (him), and an (angel) to bear witness. 

34:41 



And indeed We have created man, and We know what his ownself whispers 
to him. And We are nearer to him than his jugular vein (by Our 
Knowledge). 616 



And every person will come forth along with an (angel) to drive (him), and 
an (angel) to bear witness. 617 

m |«-*A^=' o^' ^j -1 -^ 'j 1 " U-i t^J" 1 erf -~J c ~ 1 ' ^^4— ijJL* 

op o^^j- 4 

Tney (angels) will say: "Glorified be You! You are our Waliy (Lord) instead 
of them. Nay, but they used to worship the jinns; most of them were 
believers in them. " 61s 

Record the actions of 'mankind'. 

82:10-12 Not a word does he (or she) utter, but there is a watcher by him 

50:18 ready. 

VW Ven'/y, oversow (are appointed angels in charge of mankind) to watch 

you, 

Kiraman (honourable) Katibm writing down (your deeds), 

they know all that you do. 619 

iVo? a word does he (or she) utter, but there is a watcher by him ready (to 
record it). 640 



636 Surah Q5f(50), ayah 16. 

6 " Surah Qaf(50), ayah 21. 
638 Surah Saba' (34), ayah 41. 
63 ' Surah Al Infitar (82), ayat 10-12. 
M0 Surah Qaf(50), ayah 18. 

Page I 220 



13:10-11 ... Certainly, Our Messengers record all of that which you plot. 

50:17 

10:21 



jou "^ <UJl ^ ■ j | &\ ja\ rj» j*j j^La-4-" ^^-fljLi— ^j 4jdj ^ ^ ^i~fijw jAJ ^|^ 
^jA j* g) La J j4J 2-9 "^li I Va~« v°V^J <^' ^'j' '^|3 ^-p^- 1 ^ ^* 'jL#*r! LS^~ ^J^-i *-* 

A i'.« //ie .same (to ffimj whether any of you conceal his speech or declare it 
openly, whether he be hid by night or go forth freely by day. 
For each (person), there are angels in succession, before and behind him. 
They guard him by the command of Allah. Verily! Allah will not change the 
good condition of a people as long as they do not change their state of 
goodness themselves (by committing sins and by being ungrateful and 
disobedient to Allah). But when Allah wills a people's punishment, there 
can be no turning back of it, and they will find besides Him no protector. 64 ' 

(Remember!) that the two receivers (recording angels) receive (each 
human being after he or she has attained the age of puberty), one sitting on 
the right and one on the left (to note his or her actions). 642 

rn ^ ■ j a 5*~»j L» <3*-^5\j b_L«j q\ \S^» 

And when We let mankind taste of mercy after some adversity has afflicted 
them, behold! they take to plotting against Our Aydt (proofs, evidences, 
verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.)! Say: "Allah is more swift in 
planning! " Certainly, Our Messengers (angels) record all of that which you 
plot. 641 

The Mala'ikat punish and execute the laws of Allah towards 
'mankind'. 

2:210 And if you could see when the angels take away the souls of those 

who disbelieve, they smite their faces and their backs, (saying): 
4:97 "Taste the punishment of the blazing Fire". 

47:27 
8:50 



1 Surah AlRa'd (13), ayat 10-11. 
2 SurahQaf(50), ayah 17. 
5 Surah YQnus (10), ayah 21. 



Page I 221 



Do i/iey £/ien wait for anything other than that Allah should come to them in 
the shadows of the clouds and the angels? (Then) the case would he already 
judged. And to Allah return all matters (for decision)." 4 

^1 q^lL^L^ US* \ji\i kS* LJ \ji\i i-r^l IsA^ 5S\_lUJl »-&iy oiAJI o! 



Verify/ as for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are 
wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though 
emigration was obligatory for them), they (angels) say (to them): "In what 
(condition) were you?" They reply: "We were weak and oppressed on 
earth. " They (angels) say: "Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for 
you to emigrate therein ? " Such men will find their abode in Hell - what an 
evil destination!"' 

[i^: ji-A^-Olj Jt^Ay>-J ^^j^Jyyaj dX-iUJ I jLglSjJ l*SJ <_fi-5Cs 

Then how (will it be) when the angels will take their souls at death, smiting 
their faces and their backs?" 6 

Ijijij ^-*/->i'j pi^yri ■djar^. sS^iLJI \j J i'r- > QiJ]\ J3^ *J Isy M3 

And if you could see when the angels take away the souls of those who 
disbelieve (at death), they smite their faces and their backs, (saying): 
"Taste the punishment of the blazing Fire. ""' 

Draw the soul of mankind'. 

79:1-2 Say: "The angel of death, who is set over you, will take your souls, 

6:61 then you shall be brought to your Lord." 

7:37 

6:93 

32:11 



I y> hi '• .'Uj.<- 1 1 j (ijj; Ls^p c-i^jlLI I j 



" 44 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 210. 

645 Surah An Nisa - (4), ayah 97. 

646 Surah Muhammad (47), ayah 27. 
64 ' Surah Al Anffll (8), ayah 50. 



Page | 222 



By those (angels) who pull out (the souls of the disbelievers and the wicked) 

with great violence; 

By those (angels) who gently take out (the souls of the believers);"' 

at ■ ** 

<C3jj ■ " )j ^ 1 1 pS Jj?- I p Lp- lil !^~ ^jijij>- ^5s~l£ J_«^jJ ^a^Lp ijji JjbLaJl jj&J 

He is the Irresistible, Supreme over His slaves, and He sends guardians 
(angels guarding and writing all of one 's good and bad deeds) over you, 
until when death approaches one of you, Our Messengers (angel of death 
and his assistants) take his soul, and they never neglect their duty."" 

'^j* /^iip'i iillj <^~>')\ ^*~jLL CjJS j\ 15-rS" JjI Ji <!$Jii\ Q-*-; JJJii j^ii 

Wfto is more unjust than one who invents a lie against Allah or rejects his 
Ay at (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.)? For such 
their appointed portion (good things of this worldly life and their period of 
stay therein) will reach them from the Book (of Decrees) until, when Our 
Messengers (the angel of death and his assistants) come to them to take 
their souls, they (the angels) will say: "Where are those whom you used to 
invoke and worship besides Allah, " they will reply, "They have vanished 
and deserted us. " And they will bear witness against themselves, that they 
were disbelievers. 6 " 

jii j*j "rj* aJj £jj *pjj jjj ^ji ju 31 is jf &\ jc c£p\ ^L. pti ^j 

, ' , ., „ .X ,.,""% ' -' « • , , « ,* • •< 

l£^5 L«j 0>g-" Olj-P ^_JJj^- f*>^' ,1 4=i~J&\ \y>~j^~\ JL§J-L)I lj,^ uj ; 

And w/jo can 6e more unjust than he who invents a lie against Allah, or 
says: "I have received inspiration, " whereas he is not inspired in anything; 
and who says, "I will reveal the like of what Allah has revealed. " And if you 
could but see when the dlimun (polytheists and wrong doers, etc.) are in 
the agonies of death, while the angels are stretching forth their hands 
(saying): "Deliver your souls! This Day you shall be recompensed with the 
torment of degradation because of what you used to utter against Allah 
other than the truth. And you used to reject his Ayat (proofs, evidences, 
verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) with disrespect!" 6 " 



648 Surah An Nazi' at (79), ayat 1-2. 
64 ' Surah Al Anam (6), ayah 61. 

650 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 37. 

651 Surah Al Anam (6), ayah 93. 



Page I 223 



Say: "The angel of death, who is set over you, will take your souls, then you 
shall he brought to your Lord. " a2 

Blow the (Last) Trumpet. 

69: 13-19 And listen on the Day when the caller will call from a near place. The 

50:41-44 Day when they will hear As Saihah in truth, that will be the Day of 

coming out. 



5 -Iff- ^ ^- > b5jj JlLi-IJ /pbj'b/l oJ^-J (;7^; a-Lp-'J o^ij j j *-» 1 1 ,j ?r_aj lili 

77ien w/!e« ffte trumpet will he Mown with one blowing (the first one), 

and the earth and the mountains shall be removed from their places, and 

crushed with a single crushing, 

then on that Day shall the (Great) event befall, 

and the heaven will split asunder, for that Day it (the heaven will be frail 

(weak), and torn up, 

and the angels will be on its sides, and eight angels will, that Day, bear the 

Throne of your Lord above them. 

That Day shall you be brought to judgement, not a secret of you will be 

hidden. 

Then as for him who will be given his record in his right hand will say: 

"Take, read my Record! 651 

^jMl ^JiiJ fy. (JjJ j^^a-JI UJ]3 O^oj ^J- q£- b] (Jgj £j_/J-l fy. 

f> "- *' - - : r ~ * 

' :;.~ j^_*-0 Uwdp ^CwJ*- L^X)'.} l£-ly^* (l^-^ - 



And listen on the Day when the Caller will call from a near place, 

the Day when they will hear A - ai ah (shout, etc.) in truth, that will be the 

Day of coming out (from the graves i.e. the Day of Resurrection). 

Verily, We it is who give life and cause death; and to Us is the final return, 

on the Day when the earth shall be cleft, from off them, (they will come out) 

hastening forth, that will be a gathering, quite easy forUs. 6 " 



6!2 Surah Al Sajdah (32), ayah 11. 
653 Surah Al Haqqah (69), ayat 13-19. 
* 54 Surah Qaf (50), ayat 41-44. 



Page | 224 



Guard Hell and punish its occupants. 

2:161-162 O you who believe ! Ward off from yourselves and your families a 

16:28-29 Fire whose fuel is men and stones, over which you are angels stern 

43:74-77 (and) severe, who disobey not, the Commands they receive from 

74:28-3 1 Allah, but do that which they are commanded. 
66:6 



ji*^?-! ^UJIj SSClLJlj jJjI djjj ji-flUt ^•V-'jj' jLfjS' ji-fcj IjjLaj ljj^_flS" Qt^ o! 

Ven'/y, /fto.se wfto disbelieve, and die while they are disbelievers, it is they 
on whom is the curse of Allah and of the angels and of mankind, combined. 
They will abide therein (under the curse in Hell), their punishment will 
neither be lightened, nor will they be reprieved."' 

_-, E , ,,,,-,> - *■ -•*-■" > ( - '- -,", , * ,-, «■ 

/Jj sj— u lV* i_)-«-*J ^ ' ^ — ' L« ^>LXJl I *JLlU ^_p-uijl T^JUi d5oj_«Jl . a I ^V" ^i4jl 

"Those whose lives the angels take while they are doing wrong to 
themselves (by disbelief and by associating partners in worship with Allah 
and by committing all kinds of crimes and evil deeds). " Then, they will 
make (false) submission (saying): "We used not to do any evil. " (the angels 
will reply): "Yes! Truly, Allah is All-Knower of what you used to do. 
"So enter the gates of Hell, to abide therein , and indeed, what an evil 
abode will be for the arrogant. """' 



Verily, the Mujrimun (criminals, sinners, disbelievers, etc.) will be in the 

torment of Hell to abide therein forever. 

7(the torment) will not be lightened for them, and they will be plunged into 

destruction with deep regrets, sorrows and in despair therein. 

We wronged them not, but they were the alimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, 

etc.). 

And they will cry: "O Malik (Keeper of Hell)! Let your Lord make an end of 

6!! Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 161-162. 
656 Surah AINahl (16), ayat 28-29. 

Page | 225 



us. " He will say: "Verily you shall abide forever. " 657 

0jjw4j-«Jij ^_jiSsJi ijjji (jjJJ 1 OIj^j *^J L^i^I 'j-^'f cf-^ ^-^jij s- ^y' 

j^iJJ £$S$ i\ /<* bj jjb 2] >iJjj -ij-^->- ^»J-*j L*j s LJio [>* c^^-t~3 **-*Ht 1V 9 

ft spares not (any sinner), nor does it leave (anything unburnt)! 
Burning the skins! 

Over it are nineteen (angels as guardians and keepers of Hell). 
And We have set none but angels as guardians of the Fire, and We have 
fixed their number (1 9) only as a trial for the disbelievers, in order that the 
people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) may arrive at a certainty [that 
this Qur an is the Truth as it agrees with their Books i.e. their number (19) 
is written in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] and the believers 
may increase in faith (as this Qur an is the Truth) and that no doubts may 
be left for the people of the Scripture and the believers, and that those in 
whose hearts is a disease (of hypocrisy) and the disbelievers may say: 
"What Allah intends by this (curious) example ?" Thus Allah leads astray 
whom He wills and guides whom He wills, and none can know the hosts of 
your Lord but He. And this (Hell) is nothing else than a (warning) reminder 
to mankind. 6 " 

SSLlU CjLlc 5jLiti-lj f^LJI Li^jij Ijli^Jj&ij ^JLki\ Ij5 \y^>\'t jiAII l4_bj 



', w 



you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire 
(Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels 
stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the commands they 
receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded. 6 ' 9 

Guard Paradise and bestow peace upon its occupants. 

16:30-32 'Adn Paradise, which they shall enter and (also) those who acted 

13:19-24 righteously from among their fathers, and their wives, and their 

41 :30-3 1 offspring. And angels shall enter unto them from every gate 

13:23-24 (saying): "Salamu 'alaikum (Peace be upon you for) bima Sabartum 

(for that you persevered in patience)! Excellent indeed is the final 



657 Surah Al Zukhruf (43), ayat 74-77. 

658 Surah Al Muddaththir (74), ayat 28-31. 
6M Surah Al Tahrim (66), ayah 6. 

Page I 226 



home!" 

iSj4- ^^-^ 0-^ c-ii?- Ijjj oi«-«JI jb ji-«~lj ip- »j^"3l j '-43 *^-~»- 
^iJll ijIj^Ta^ 1 " il iJjpQ'X ^jjt&t' tpip j^ 1 ^O? 



And (when) it is said to those who are the Muttaqun "What is it that your 
Lord has sent down?" they say: "That which is good. " For those who do 
good in this world, there is good, and the home of the Hereafter will he 
better, and excellent indeed will be the home {i.e. Paradise) of the 
Muttaqun. 

'Adn (Eden) Paradise (Gardens of Eternity) which they will enter, under 
which rivers flow, they will have therein all that they wish. Thus Allah 
rewards the Muttaqun. 

Those whose lives the angels take while they are in a pious state (i.e. pure 
from all evil, and worshipping none but Allah Alone) saying (to them): 
Salamun 'Alaikum (peace be on you) enter you Paradise, because of (the 
good) which you used to do (in the world). " M0 

» i ,i - i ^ ,£ f „ - « a.. , -.- I _ ££ .£ 

\jij\ jtjjl) \ic\ ^«-pi ^a {y£ $-\ <ibj ry? ^yj Jjj' l«^' j°-^4 i>*^' * 

li 0^9-i if.^'i iiSiJ^-rt 1 -" o j^«' - j S/j *&i +$*->. o^jj oi^' £l3 s-v'^" 

-^^ (*^~" ©y^ J^C^ CT^ OjJ-=~-*-J SS^lUJIj p-f4pj f^RrjJ'j f«-r 6 1 -JlJ 

(cj])jl4jl ^5^ (i-^J ^v?-^ *-H 

STm// fte then who knows that what has been revealed unto you (O 

Mu ammad M)from your Lord is the Truth be like him who is blind? But it 

is only the men of understanding that pay heed. 

Those who fulfill the Covenant of Allah and break not the MTthaq (bond, 

treaty, covenant); 

Those who join that which Allah has commanded to be joined (i.e. they are 

good to their relatives and do not sever the bond of kinship), fear their Lord, 



660 Surah AINahl (16), ayat 30-32. 

Page | 227 



and dread the terrible reckoning (i.e. abstain from all kinds of sins and evil 

deeds which Allah has forbidden and perform all kinds of good deeds which 

Allah has ordained). 

And those who remain patient, seeking their Lord's Countenance, perform 

A - aldt (Iqamat-a - alat), and spend out of that which We have bestowed 

on them, secretly and openly, and defend evil with good, for such there is a 

good end; 

Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting Gardens), which they shall enter and 

(also) those who acted righteously from among their fathers, and their 

wives, and their offspring, and angels shall enter unto them from every gate 

(saying): 

"Salamun Alaikum (peace be upon you) for that you persevered in 

patience! Excellent indeed is the final home!""' 1 

Sij ijit£ "§f iiajlIJi ijjc. Z$£ ]ji'i',;j p Si l£j IjJii <j*.Ji\ o! 

Lp jjl 5_^>>-ll j iSjLJjl y£- {Jj; ^jj-^-y ^-£ jJl i^-U 'jjr°.'J LvJ^ 

(JjJ Oj^Jj ^ L$j t&5 i^Lliil ^tlio Li Ljj iSGj Sj^Sfl (_i3 

Verify, f/mse w-7.0 .say: "Our Lo«/ i'.v A/teft (Alone), " and then they 
Istaqamu, on them the angels will descend (at the time of their death) 
(saying): "Fear not, nor grieve! but receive the glad tidings of Paradise 
which you have been promised! 

"We have been your friends in the life of this world and are (So) in the 
Hereafter. Therein you shall have (all) that your inner-selves desire, and 
therein you shall have (all) for which you ask for."' 2 

SS^iLJ'j f-fi3^S tfrtr'jj'j ptj!4'* of (^ 0*'i ^J^-M 0-£ o-^>- 

fjfjjMl iS l£ ^jci j5j^> U_> Jk-1p jULl j'lJyL; JS"^ |v^1p QJt^-SJ 

Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting Gardens), which they shall enter and 

(also) those who acted righteously from among their fathers, and their 

wives, and their offspring, and angels shall enter unto them from every gate 

(saying): 

"Salamun Alaikum (peace be upon you) for that you persevered in 

patience! Excellent indeed is the final home!" 

The speed of the Malaikat before Allah 

35:1 The Malaikat have wings - two, three and four. 

05^ ^ <-P" (J* '^' Oj •'Li) Li jli-l (J -Ujj ^Jjj 



1 Surah Ar Ra'd (13), ayat 19-24. 

2 Surah Fussilat (41), ayat 30-3 1 . 



Page I 228 



All the praises and thanks he to Allah, the (only) Originator [or the (only) 
Creator] of the heavens and the earth, who made the angels messengers 
with wings, - two or three or four. He increases in creation what He wills. 
Verily, Allah is Able to do All things."'' 

79:3-5 They descend from the heavens rapidly. 

And by those that swim along (i.e. angels or planets in their orbits, etc.). 
And by those that press forward as in a race (i.e. the angels or stars or the 
horses, etc.). 

And by those angels who arrange to do the commands of their Lord, (so 
verily, you disbelievers will be called to account). 664 

70:4 The Mala'ikat and the Ruh ascend to Him in a Day the measure 

whereof is fifty thousands years. 

The angels and the Ru [JibrTl (Gabriel)] ascend to Him in a day the 
measure whereof is fifty thousand years,.. 665 

The enemies of the Mala'ikat 

2:97-98 Whoever is an enemy to Allah, His Mala'ikat, JibrTl and Mikael, 

2:101 then verily, Allah is an enemy to the disbelievers. 



|JS drO^QJ jli '<U)T ^_j|i jiC-.j Jij^j 

Sav (O Mu ammad M): "Whoever is an enemy to JibrTl (Gabriel) (let him 
die in his fury), for indeed he has brought it (this Qur an) down to your 
heart by Allah's Permission, confirming what came before it [i.e. the Taurat 
(Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] and guidance and glad tidings for the 
believers. 

"Whoever is an enemy to Allah, His angels, His Messengers, JibrTl 
(Gabriel) and MTkal (Michael), then verily, Allah is an enemy to the 
disbelievers. " 666 



663 Surah Fatir [or Al Mala'ikah] (35), ayah 

664 Surah Al Nazi'at (79), ayat 3-5. 

665 Surah Al Maarij (70), ayah 4. 

666 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 97-98. 



Page I 229 



And wnen rfiere came to them a messenger from Allah (i.e. Mu ammad "M) 
confirming what was with them, a party of those who were given the 
Scripture threw away the Book of Allah behind their backs as if they did not 
know! 667 

The opinion of the disbelievers towards the Mala'ikat 

53:27 Has then your Lord preferred for you sons, and taken for himself 

43:16-20 from among the angels daughters. 

(S55 (^^' *^?-~> 4X-iUl o>«-~-J 3^ i\-> Oy-?yi "^ 0^' Ol 

Verily, those who believe not in the Hereafter, name the angels with female 
names. 668 



C-Jj^a LsJ ,,_AJ_>-I jCA I^U (('"^ /ji^-JU *S~ '■ ,£? I j CULL; (V^ - " ^ -L^-l ^ol 

_§ 3"*3 *^r- >c -' ' i 'J-~--t! i'r*3 '!o"- : ;^*j2j j-Aj l^j-^4 jd_£^-J MJi "yjLa -yjr^ JJ 

" (<-^J-*-!i *-* cr^V' ''"" 3^ '>"-*3 £15 Oj^~i3 ^-r- 11 ^" s~iS^~ f g g > ^— 

Or nas He taken daughters out of what He has created, and He has selected 

for you sons? 

And if one of them is informed of the news of (the birth of) that which he set 

forth as a parable to the Most Beneficent (Allah) (i.e. of a girl), his face 

becomes dark, gloomy, and he is filled with grief! 

(Do they then like for Allah) a creature who is brought up in adornments 

(wearing silk and gold ornaments, i.e. women), and in dispute cannot make 

herself clear? 

And they make the angels who themselves are slaves to the Most Beneficent 

(Allah) females. Did they witness their creation? Their evidence will be 

recorded, and they will be questioned! 

And they said: "If it had been the will of the Most Beneficent (Allah), we 

should not have worshipped them (false deities). " They have no knowledge 

whatsoever of that, they do nothing but lie! 66 ' 

37:149-150 Verily! You utter an awful saying, indeed. 

16:57 

17:40 



6 " Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 101. 

668 Surah Al Najm (53), ayah 27. 

"" Surah Al Zukhruf (43), ayat 16-20. 



Page | 230 



fi-fcj liijl d_^=^iUJl bjtli- f»l (;^: ^^j^LJl JLgJj o>UJI ^Jj^JI 



jjj^^ii 



Wow a.s£ diem (O Mu ammad 0): "Are there (only) daughters for your 

Lord and sons for them ? " 

Or did We create the angels females while they were witnesses?"" 

And diev assign daughters unto Allah! Glorified (and Exalted) he He above 
all that they associate with Him! And unto themselves what they desire;"' 



ffos rfjen your Lord (O pagans of Makkah) preferred for you sons, and 
taken for Himself from among the angels daughters. Verily! You utter an 
awful saying, indeed." 2 

From these ayat emphasized above it can be understood that the Mala'ikat are 
neither female nor male since for each female gender there is assuredly a male gender. 
For that reason, the 

Mala'ikat are said to be neither male nor female. Furthermore, since they are 
neutral in gender, then they are not in essence desirous, whether it be desire to marry, to 
eat and drink, or other such desires. 



The Jinn ft*Jl 



The Jinns creation 

55:15 The Jinn are created from a flaming fire, 

15:27 extremely hot. 

And the jinns did He create from a smokeless flame of fire." 3 

And the jinn, We created aforetime from the smokeless flame of fire." 74 



670 Surah Al Saftat (37), ayat 149-150. 

671 Surah AINahl (16), ayah 57. 

672 Surah Al Isra' (17), ayah 40. 

673 Surah Al Rahman (55), ayah 15. 

674 Surah Al Hijr (15), ayah 27. 

Page | 231 



The nature of the jinn is in similitude to the nature of 
'mankind' 



72:11-12 Amongst the jinn are those who are righteous, but also there are 

those who are of an evil nature. 



^J q] UlJi blj (jTj liai ijjI^Js US iLU'i oj- 3 L^?j Qj^iiJ^i\ l~« blj 

ii> 4j>=li ^Ij (j^jSn 4 

There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary; we 
are groups each having a different way {religious sect, etc.). 
'And we think that we cannot escape (from the punishment of) Allah in the 
earth, nor can we escape (from the punishment) by flight. 6 " 

72:13-15 There are those who are obedient but also there are those who are 

extremely insubordinate. 

(Jfj blj»3 Slj bi^.-ejbA' S<i ^4j/» ryiji Q-*$ ^4J \}jt\t Jj'aX\ llL«— , bL) blj 
b) Ij ((7j: I Jj^j \$'j£- <^-~^J Li ll^, I (-j-s-9 Oj!~ „i 3 I 1 bw«J i)j.«.L*..ftJ I bla b Ij 

;;~^;;: bjaj- ^,'a -. g ->J 1^)1x5 ^jU ..ia ll 

And indeed when we heard the guidance (this Qur an), we believed therein 
(Islamic Monotheism), and whosoever believes in his Lord shall have no 
fear, either of a decrease in the reward of his good deeds or an increase in 
punishment for his sins. 

And of us some are Muslims (who have submitted to Allah, after listening 
to this Qur an), and of us some are Al-Qasi un (disbelievers those who have 
deviated from the Right Path)'. And whosoever has embraced Islam (i.e. 
has become a Muslim by submitting to Allah), then such have sought the 
Right Path. " 

And as for the Qasi un (disbelievers who deviated from the Right Path), 
they shall be firewood for Hell,.. 676 

72:26-28 They do not know that which is ghaib; if they knew, they would not 

be subject to punishment; since 
34:14 they would surely not rebel against Allah. 

dXLlj jAjli Jj~«j r*A io^Jj' ,v "^! C'^ l-^l ^^^ .J .jZ - "^ ^— v^' (i-^ 



675 Surah Al Jinn (72), ayat 11-12. 
6,6 Surah Al Jinn (72), ayat 13-15. 



Page | 232 



"(He Alone) the All-Knower of the Ghaib (unseen), and He reveals to none 

His Ghaib (unseen). " 

Except to a Messenger (from mankind) whom He has chosen (He informs 

him of unseen as much as He likes), and then He makes a band of watching 

guards (angels) to march before him and behind him. 

[He (Allah) protects them (the Messengers)], till He sees that they (the 

Messengers) have conveyed the Messages of their Lord (Allah), and He 

(Allah) surrounds all that which is with them, and He (Allah) keeps count of 

all things (i.e. He knows the exact number of everything)." 7 

:T: (j^-«J' ^_jI JjJI ^ ijiJ l_« ^^JtJi oj-^v IjjB'^J o' (54"' s^^h "J>- 

Then when We decreed death for him [Sulaiman (Solomon)], nothing 
informed them (jinns) of his death except a little worm of the earth, which 
kept (slowly) gnawing away at his stick, so when he fell down, the jinns saw 
clearly that if they had known the unseen, they would not have stayed in the 
humiliating torment." 8 

The purpose of creating the Jinn 



51:56 The Jinn were created for the worship of Allah; by following the 

6:130 Messengers from amongst 'mankind' . 



And I (Allah) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship 
Me (Alone)."' 

72:15 The threat of punishment is given to those of the jinn who are evil 

and rebellious. 



And as for the Qasi tin (disbelievers who deviated from the Right Path), 
they shall be firewood for Hell,..'"" 

72:16-17 Whereas those who were obedient will receive their just blessings. 



7 Surah Al Jinn (72), ayat 26-28. 

8 Surah Saba' (34), ayah 14. 

' Surah Al Dhariyat (5 1 )_ ay ah 56. 
° Surah Al Jinn (72), ayah 15. 



Page I 233 



If they (non-Muslims) had believed in Allah, and went on the Right Way (i.e. 
Islam) We should surely have bestowed on them water (rain) in abundance. 
That We might try them thereby, and whosoever turns away from the 
Reminder of his Lord (i.e. this Qur an, and practice not its laws and 
orders), He will Cause him to enter in a Severe torment (i.e. Hell). 6 " 

The Da'wah of the Muslim Jinn to their peers 



72:1-3 A group of Jinn listened to the recital of Al Quran by 'mankind'. 

* < * ' t - J °* 

<~»^-*> Si-\ \1a \Sjj ji <Ji*J j<tjlj [Jfj lai-l Uj^J ilydi jjjjj ^4j llilis J-iJJl 

Say (0 Mm ammad 0): "It has been revealed to me that a group (from 

three to ten in number) ofjinns listened (to this Qur an). They said: 'Verily! 

we have heard a wonderful recital (this Qur an)! 

'It guides to the Right path, and we have believed therein, and we shall 

never join (in worship) anything with our Lord (Allah). 

And exalted be the Majesty of our Lord, He has taken neither a wife, nor a 

son (or offspring or children). 6 ' 2 

46:29-35 When those who had listened returned home, they gave da'wah and 

the reminder to their friends. 

A* 

^jA ijpl 1 '"^ — ' b_*^_« bl U-ajO'j I JU (;'";: ^jjjj_a j^j^yl /Jl l\JJ '-'•-» LsJj 

'tis 1 ^LJi o? jJ a-^3 O^' (i j?**i 0~^> ^' eft 1 - 5 V-£" ^ Cr"J 

f3« Sl5i^ ^ 3 s " .> ^J if. o'j^ J^ ^ i& J^i oT^ '<J+ 
ijijjj Jli fjjjj /ji i^lla jiJb IJii J-Jl jllll Ji ij^fif ^iojl ^yij 



1 Surah Al Jinn (72), ayat 16-17. 

2 Surah Al Jinn (72), ayat 1-3. 



Page I 234 



j\ (U« y I ,-j-a v» ^ju I 1 4J « I ^-*2 b&S J^-* :> ^ ((ro! 9 j^^ J»^5 L«j C_j I -l*J I 

And (remember) when We sent towards you (Mu ammad M) Nafran (three 

to ten persons) of the jinns, (quietly) listening to the Qur an, when they 

stood in the presence thereof, they said: "Listen in silence! " and when it 

was finished, they returned to their people, as warners. 

They said: "O our people! Verily! we have heard a Book (this Qur an) sent 

down after Musa (Moses), confirming what came before it, it guides to the 

Truth and to a Straight Path (i.e. Islam). 

O our people! respond (with obedience) to Allah's Caller (i.e. Allah's 

Messenger Mu ammad M), and believe in Him (i.e. believe in that which 

Mu ammad M has brought from Allah and follow him). He (Allah) will 

forgive you of your sins, and will save you from a painful torment (i.e. 

Hell-fire) . 

And whosoever does not respond to Allah 's caller, he cannot escape on 

earth, and there will be no Auliya ' (protectors) for him besides Allah (from 

Allah's punishment). Those are in manifest error. 

Do they not see that Allah, who created the heavens and the earth, and was 

not wearied by their creation, is Able to give life to the dead? Yes, He surely 

is Able to do All things. 

And on the Day when those who disbelieve will be exposed to the Fire (it 

will be said to them): "Is this not the truth?" they will say: "Yes, by our 

Lord!" He will say: "Then taste the torment, because you used to 

disbelieve! " 

Therefore be patient (O Mu ammad M) as did the Messengers of strong will 

and be in no haste about them (disbelievers). On the Day when they will see 

that (torment) with which they are promised (i.e. threatened, it will be) as if 

they had not stayed more than an hour in a single day. (O mankind! This 

Qur an is sufficient as) a clear message (or proclamation to save yourself 

from destruction). But shall any be destroyed except the people who are 

Al-Fdsiqun (the rebellious, disobedient to Allah). 

72:4-10 However many of those amongst the Jinn are rebellious, evil and 

disbelievers. 

^_a_3^ljs ^J-l ^> J\i-jj. Oi^y-i ij^)" Qi JI?"J 0^" J *j!j C|S 4 JS" ail ^ 
iU-Ul bJLv^J blj (;fj: lo^-l <UJl <L~*^i q$ o' fc^> b^S" \y^s (i-r'3 Cv : bi_Aj 

It- . . !(-( .,'*■* s '* ' ,-.-,'»- 

Page | 235 



f2|S '-^j ^4-j }-v *'j' 

'And fnai the foolish among us [i.e. Iblls (Satan) or the polytheists amongst 

the jinns] used to utter against Allah that which was wrong and not right. 

'And verily, we thought that men and jinns would not utter a lie against 

Allah. 

And verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the 

masculine among the jinns, but they (jinns) increased them (mankind) in sin 

and disbelief. 

And they thought as you thought, that Allah will not send any messenger 

(to mankind or jinns). 

And we have sought to reach the heaven; but found it filled with stern 

guards and flaming fires. 

And verily, we used to sit there in stations, to (steal) a hearing, but any who 

listens now will find a flaming Fire watching him in ambush. 

And we know not whether evil is intended for those on earth, or whether 

their Lord intends for them a Right Path. 6 " 

72:18-19 The Jinn crowded around, jostling each other in order to listen to the 

Prophet Muhammad at the time he gave prayer. 

(Jf^) IjLj <uLp Qy£^> 

And the Masajid (mosques) are for Allah (Alone), so invoke not anyone 
along with Allah. 

(it has been revealed to me that) when the slave of Allah (Mu ammad M) 
stood up invoking (his Lord Allah) in prayer to Him they (the jinns) just 
made round him a dense crowd as if sticking one over the other (in order to 
listen to the Prophet's recitation).''" 

The majority of Hell's occupants are the jinn and 'mankind' 



34:14 Amongst the Jinn and 'mankind' there are many who will be 

punished because they did not believe 
11:119 in that which is ghaib and rebelled against it. They do not want to 

make use of their heart and senses to understand the signs testifying 

to the authority and Oneness of Allah. 

uis j4jL1~» J^b it^'3'^ Q* j I ^'y l& %^* ^* ^3-°-^ i^ ^-'^ l«Jj 

Then when We decreed death for him [Sulaiman (Solomon)], nothing 
informed them (jinns) of his death except a little worm of the earth, which 

683 Surah Al Jinn (72), ayat 4-10. 

684 Surah Al Jinn (72), ayat 18-19. 

Page | 236 



kept (slowly) gnawing away at his stick, so when he fell down, thejinns saw 
clearly that if they had known the unseen, they would not have stayed in the 
humiliating torment. 6 '" 



ur 



ill oi?*~' o" 

Except him on whom your Lord has bestowed His Mercy (the follower of 
Truth - Islamic Monotheism) and for that did He create them. And the word 
of your Lord has been fulfilled (i.e. His Saying): "Surely, I shall fill Hell 
with jinns and men all together. '""" 

41:25 They perceive that which is evil as good; they are 

46: 1 8 those who suffer losses. 

And We have assigned them (devils) intimate companions (in this world), 
who have made fair-seeming to them, what was before them (evil deeds 
which they were doing in the present worldly life and disbelief in the 
Reckoning and the Resurrection, etc.) and what was behind them (denial of 
the matters in the coming life of the Hereafter as regards Punishment or 
Reward, etc.). And the word (i.e. the torment) is justified against them as it 
was justified against those who were among the previous generations of 
jinns and men that had passed away before them. Indeed they (all) were the 
losers. 6 " 

frj g^V'j Crt 1 Oi tfr^ <ji "*" ^ -/' U '^'y^ ] -+$& ^Ly- Cf-^ '^j 1 

ill (S-j^- \y\-^= 

They are those against whom the word (of torment) is justified among the 
previous generations of jinns and mankind that have passed away. Verily! 
they are ever the losers. 6 " 11 

7:38-41 They mutually curse each other at the time they enter into Hell. 

,<> u '. - " •- > - . ', .- A .»,*,- 

cJ-i-i LiiS' jllll ^J ^^-J^lj Cft^^ O? C * L= ^* Cri c -~^" -" -»*' ij 'ji=-^' J^ 

(JjJ Oj-^*J "5 j^y-lj i_al^ JxJ Jli jbJI ^ Ul^> GIJlc l^Ui li_jl4>) 



" 8! Surah Saba' (34), ayah 14. 
686 Surah Hud (11), ayah 119. 
68 ' Surah Fussilat (41), ayah 25. 
688 Surah Al Ahqaf (46), ayah 18. 



Page | 237 






(Allah) will say: "Enter you in the company of nations who passed away 

before you, of men andjinns, into the Fire. " Every time a new nation enters, 

it curses its sister nation (that went before), until they will be gathered all 

together in the Fire. The last of them will say to the first of them: "Our 

Lord! These misled us, so give them a double torment of the Fire. " He will 

say: "For each one there is double (torment), but you know not. " 

The first of them will say to the last of them: "You were not better than us, 

so taste the torment for what you used to earn. " 

Verily, those who belie Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, 

revelations, etc.) and treat them with arrogance, for them the gates of 

heaven will not be opened, and they will not enter Paradise until the camel 

goes through the eye of the needle (which is impossible). Thus do We 

recompense the Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners, etc.). 

Theirs will be a bed of Hell (Fire), and over them coverings (of Hell-fire). 

Thus do we Recompense the alimun (polytheists and wrong doers, etc.)."" 

Iblls iwjjjand Shaitan b'iJuM 

The origin of Iblls is from the category Jinn 

18:50 Iblls (Shaitan) is one of the disobedient jinn who hid amongst the 

2:34 angels. 

And (remember) when We said to the angels; "Prostrate to Adam. " So they 
prostrated except IblTs (Satan). He was one of the jinns; He disobeyed the 
command of his Lord, will you then take him (IblTs) and his offspring as 
protectors and helpers rather than Me while they are enemies to you ? What 
an evil is the exchange for the alimun (polytheists, and wrong-doers, 
etc)."" 



"" Surah Al Araf (7), ayat 38-41. 
"° Surah Al Kahf (18), ayah 50. 



Page I 238 



^y> q'S'j 'jScl*\'$ ]Js J~JjJ Sll \jjSt-~i fO*^ IjjL^il SSC_lLUJ tils iJ3 

And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves before 
Adam. " And they prostrated except lblis (Satan), He refused and was proud 
and was one of the disbelievers (disobedient to Allah).''" 

7:27 lblis or Shaitan sees 'mankind', but 'mankind' does not see him. 



© o^ Si oiiJ ftJJi 

O Children of Adam! Let not Shai an (Satan) deceive you, as he got your 
parents [Adam and Hawwa (Eve)] out of Paradise, stripping them of their 
raiments, to show them their private parts. Verily, he and Qabiluhu (his 
soldiers from the jinns or his tribe) see you from where you cannot see 
them. Verily, We made the Shayahin (devils) Auliya' (protectors and 
helpers) for those who believe not.' 92 

The nature of lblis 



1 5 :28-44 In order to clearly understand and definitively identify the nature of 

38:71-85 lblis and his descendants, we can explicitly read the narrative of the 

7:11-18 first instance of disobedience carried out by lblis. His (lblis) 

17:61-65 dialogue with Allah is immortalized in Al Quran as well as other 

ayat mentioned. 



i 



691 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 34. 

692 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 27. 

Page I 239 






And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "I am going to create a 
man (Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. 
"So, when I have fashioned him completely and breathed into him (Adam) 
the soul which I created for him, then fall (you) down prostrating 
yourselves unto him. " 

So, the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together. 
Except IblTs (Satan), - he refused to be among the prostrators. 
(Allah) said: "0 IblTs (Satan)! What is your reason for not being among the 
prostrators?" 

[IblTs (Satan)] said: "1 am not the one to prostrate myself to a human being, 
whom you created from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. " 
(Allah) said: "Then, get out from here, for verily, you are RajTm (an outcast 
or a cursed one). " 

"And vVerily, the curse shall be upon you till the Day of Recompense (i.e. 
the Day of Resurrection). " 

[IblTs (Satan)] said: "0 my Lord! Give me then respite till the Day they (the 
dead) will be resurrected. " 

Allah said: TThen, verily, you are of those reprieved, 
"Till the Day of the time appointed. " 

[IblTs (Satan)] said: "0 my Lord! Because you misled me, I shall indeed 
adorn the path of error for them (mankind) on the earth, and I shall mislead 
them all. 

"Except your chosen, (guided) slaves among them. " 
(Allah) said: "This is the way which will lead straight to me. " 
"Certainly, you shall have no authority over My slaves, except those who 
follow you of the GhawTn (Mushrikun and those who go astray, criminals, 
polytheists, and evil-doers, etc.). 
"And surely, Hell is the promised place for them all. 

"It (Hell) has seven gates, for each of those gates is a (special) class (of 
sinners) assigned. 6 " 




1 Surah Hijr (15), ayat 28-44. 

Page | 240 



^jA j4^Jtli>-j jb ^jA (Aliij- <U^ jXj- bl Jli (;_^;.: ^Jbtjl ^jA O^S >\ C^SsLlI 

dijLj ,jj-«-?j kibj a^j- o"^-*"^ Sjj! JjSI Jf^'j (j^-Li Jli Jjj ^Lt-i^-^aJ I 

(remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "Truly, I am going to create 

man from clay". 

So when I have fashioned him and breathed into him (his) soul created by 

Me, then you fall down prostrate to him. " 

So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them: 

Except IblTs (Satan) he was proud and was one of the disbelievers. 

(Allah) said: "O IblTs (Satan)! What prevents you from prostrating yourself 

to one whom I have created with both My hands. Are you too proud (to fall 

prostrate to Adam) orareyou one of the high exalted?" 

[IblTs (Satan)] said: "I am better than he, You created me from fire, and 

You created him from clay. " 

(Allah) said: "Then get out from here, for verily, you are outcast. 

"And verily!, My Curse is on you till the Day of Recompense. " 

[IblTs (Satan)] said: "My Lord! give me then respite till the Day the (dead) 

are resurrected. " 

(Allah) said: "Verily! you are of those allowed respite 

"Till the Day of the time appointed. " 

[IblTs (Satan)] said: "By Your Might, then I will surely mislead them all, 

"Except Your chosen slaves amongst them (faithful, obedient, true believers 

of Islamic Monotheism). " 

(Allah) said: "The Truth is, and the Truth I say, 

that I will fill Hell with you [IblTs (Satan)] and those of them (mankind) that 

follow you, together. " m 

A^-A JJ>- bl Jli kLb^»l i] Jb*Jlo "3 1 *±1*1a C« Jli (rf^ ^ y jJj>zlSS\ ^jA jSC jj 

b~3 j^Ss^j Q\ <iJJ Q&J bsi lli_a Ja^Jbli Jli (;"";:: ^lis ^a j^_ajj-j jb qa ,~LiLli>- 

{ja vibj Jli ! : ;|;.; o>^ -f'y, l}\ Li^j' J^ fjjj oi/^-* 5 -" oi ^! hj"^ 



1 Surah Sad (38), ayat 71-85. 

Page | 241 






And surely, We created you (your father Adam) and then gave you shape 

(the noble shape of a human being), then we told the angels, "Prostrate to 

Adam", and they prostrated, except IblTs (Satan), he refused to be of those 

who prostrate. 

(Allah) said: "What prevented you (O IblTs) that you did not prostrate, 

when I commanded you?" IblTs said: "I am better than him (Adam), you 

created me from fire, and him You created from clay. " 

(Allah) said: "(O IblTs) get down from this (Paradise), it is not for you to be 

arrogant here. Get out, for you are of those humiliated and disgraced. " 

(IblTs) said: "Allow me respite till the Day they are raised up (i.e. the Day of 

Resurrection). " 

(Allah) said: "You are of those allowed respite. " 

(IblTs) said: "Because You have sent me astray, surely I will sit in wait 

against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path. 

Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their 

right and from their left, and You will not find most of them as thankful ones 

(i.e. they will not be dutiful to You). " 

(Allah) said (to IblTs) "Get out from this (Paradise) disgraced and expelled. 

Whoever of them (mankind) will follow you, then surely I will fill Hell with 

you all. """ 

C-ili- jV»J JjxZiVe J 18 J~JjJ Si! lj-L>=-^i f^i ljJa«il jj4-B ( T l«ll liis ijj 

j^r - "• jU X&-; <^*~> q** C-iil J Is g'Jj *>Us S/| ">^ij^ ^jf4^^ 
j^ip CJ-Hj ^XTy^j »4~" c-~» ,1- 1- *i I ^ jjiillj ;gj \j£'y 't\y>- >3L/-?" 

Cj5 ^4=j iJj^ ^_JSj 't^W— -i^Jc -iU J-J <-S^^f oj CfJ 'Isj*' 

And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate unto Adam. " They 

prostrated except IblTs (Satan). He said: "Shall I prostrate to one whom you 

created from clay ? " 

[IblTs (Satan)] said: "See ? This one whom you have honoured above me, if 

You give me respite (keep me alive) to the Day of Resurrection, I will surely 

seize and mislead his offspring (by sending them astray) All but a few!" 

(Allah) said: "Go, and whosoever of them follows you, surely! Hell will be 

the Recompense of you (all) an ample recompense. 

"And Istafziz [literally means: befool them gradually] those whom you can 

among them with your voice (i.e. songs, music, and any other call for 

Allah's disobedience), make assaults on them with your cavalry and your 



' Surah Al A'raf(T), ayat 11-18. 

Page | 242 



infantry, mutually share with them wealth and children (by tempting them 
to earn money by illegal ways usury, etc., or by committing illegal sexual 
intercourse, etc.), and make promises to them. " But Shai an promises them 
nothing but deceit. 

"Verily! My slaves (i.e the true believers of Islamic Monotheism), you have 
no authority over them. And All-Sufficient is your Lord as a Guardian. " 6m 

18:50 What is clear is that he is a slave of Allah who is disobedient, 

20:1 16-117 rebellious, disavowing, arrogant and accursed. He is given life until 

the Day of Judgement and he desires to lead astray all of 'mankind' 
in order to lead them to hell by enticing them with that which is 
seemingly wonderful. 

And (remember) when We said to the angels; "Prostrate to Adam. " so they 
prostrated except Iblis (Satan). He was one of the jinns; he disobeyed the 
command of his Lord. Will you then take him (Iblis) and his offspring as 
protectors and helpers rather than Me while they are enemies to you ? What 
an evil is the exchange for the dlimun (polytheists, and wrong-doers, 
etc)." 7 

O! f -ililj liiii [('I;! lj\ ^_j~Jj\ ~^i\ Ij-ii^Ls Y^% lj.U»JJ S_^==ullUJ Ills ilj 

<^S jpJici ^L>Jl ^ l$Cl>- js^i "^3 ^l-»-*j\j kill Jjlp Ijjjt 

And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate yourselves to 
Adam. " They prostrated (all) except IblTs (Satan), who refused. 
Then We said: "O Adam! Verily, this is an enemy to you and to your wife, so 
let him not get you both out of Paradise, so that you be distressed in 

misery. 69 ' 

Those who are included in the group of Shaitan 



6:1 12 Those who are included in the group embracing Shaitan are Iblis, 

59:16-17 those of 'mankind' who always whisper, suggest or imply evil and 

mislead 'mankind'. 






"■" Surah Al Isra' (17), ayat 61-65. 
6 " Surah Al Kahf (18), ayah 50. 
698 Surah Ta Ha (20), ayat 1 1 6- 1 1 7. 



Page I 243 



And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shaya in (devils) 
among mankind andjinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a 
delusion (or by way of deception). If your Lord had so willed, they would 
not have done it, so leave them alone with their fabrications. 699 



(fneir aH/e.s deceived them) like Shai an (Satan), when he says to man: 
"Disbelieve in Allah. " But when (man) disbelieves in Allah, Shai an 
(Satan) says: "I am free of you, I fear Allah, the Lord of the Alamin 
(mankind, jinns and all that exists)! " 

So the end of both will be that they will be in the Fire, abiding therein. Such 
is the recompense of the dlimun (i.e. polytheists, wrong-doers, 
disbelievers in Allah and in His Oneness, etc.). 70 ' 



6:128 Consequently, reference to Iblls incorporates and means discussion 

41:29 of Shaitan; thus, matters of discussion in reference to Shaitan are 

114:1-6 more than likely references to the assemblage of Iblls and also 

likely references to the assemblage of 'mankind', or in reference to 

both of those assemblages. 

£j» j^ajLJjl Jlij ( j~ i ')" ex! j£jS^JL.\ di J^A-I J^*^j U_A- JLfcyd^-" j»jjj 

And on the Day when He will gather them (all) together (and say): "O you 
assembly of jinns! Many did you mislead of men, " and their Auliya ' (friends 
and helpers, etc.) amongst men will say: "Our Lord! we benefited one from 
the other, but now we have reached our appointed term which You did 
appoint for us. " He will say: "The Fire be your dwelling place, you will 
dwell therein forever, except as Allah may will. Certainly your Lord is 
All Wise, All Knowing. " 7W 

And those who disbelieve will say: "Our Lord! show us those among jinns 
and men who led us astray, we shall crush them under our feet, so that they 



699 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 1 12. 

700 Surah Al Hashr (59), ayat 16-17. 

701 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 128. 



Page I 244 



become the lowest. " 7m 

Soy: "I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of mankind, 

"The King of mankind, 

"The Ilah (God) of mankind, 

"From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of 

men) who withdraws (from his whispering in one's heart after one 

remembers Allah), 

"Who whispers in the breasts of mankind, 

"Ofjinns and men. " 7 " 

Every person is pursued by Shaitan 



6:1 12 Shaitan whispers alluring and beguiling words within the hearts 

4:118-119 of 'mankind' with the evil purpose of desiring to deceive all of 

'mankind'. 



'~~ -^j^Xf^-i *-°J (*-*J *^ ajixS 1_4 <L\jj c Lt> jjj I JJ^£ <JJ^ ' *— ^j^~j 

And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies - Shaya in (devils) 
among mankind andjinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a 
delusion (or by way of deception). If your Lord had so willed, they would 
not have done it, so leave them alone with their fabrications. m 

%***A'. **'<■' - * r<? - ' - * tf '. -*-. ^. ' '" Hz* > S 

,, . '<- ^ *- ' >-r/ '■ re ■**•* ^ ' '' r- f,,e 
■^-iCr") *"' ^-3^~ Z^Jji**& pr^XS _>i*^l ^LJ 1 - 31 ' Cr =i ^ p4VX3 

[Jjj iLji b 1^-13- j~~i- U-ii dill - ■ ;<:> qa lij |£i'.^. "-^ 

A//a/i cursed him. And he [Shai an (Satan)] said: "I will take an appointed 
portion ofyYour slaves; 

Verily, I will mislead them, and surely, I will arouse in them false desires; 
and certainly, I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and indeed I will 
order them to change the nature created by Allah. " And whoever takes 
Shai an (Satan) as a WalTy (protector or helper) instead of Allah, has surely 
suffered a manifest loss. 70 ' 



702 Surah Fussilat (41), ayah 29. 

703 Surah AlNas (114), ayat 1-6. 

704 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 1 12. 

705 Surah Al Nisa (4), ayat 118-119. 



Page I 245 



25:29 He intends to lead astray and does not want to help them if some 

8:48 misfortune befalls them. 

"He indeed led me astray from the Reminder (this Qur an) after it had 
come to me. And Shai an (Satan) is ever a deserter to man in the hour of 
need. " 7M 

tSji jj ^-^^ «<i> ij! tl^J ^-^ <J* lt 3 ^ o^jJI ^-'•'jj *-»^ ^= l 'j'?- 

{j?J— -jlajjl JUJLi Alllj 4)1 1 _iSli-l jjl Oj|y Si l« 

And (remember) when Shai an (Satan) made their (evil) deeds seem fair to 
them and said, "No one of mankind can overcome you this day (of the battle 
of'Badr) and verily, I am your neighbour (for each and every help). " But 
when the two forces came in sight of each other, he ran away and said 
"Verily, I have nothing to do with you. Verily! I see what you see not. 
Verily! 1 fear Allah for Allah is severe in punishment." 707 

14:22 This is the proclamation of Shaitan at the time the matter was 

decided. 

^Jojijj ji-l j-pj 1^=jlpj i))1 ^jj 'jaH\ ls?i UJ ^'j-ij.iJl Jlij 

At At 

And Shai an (Satan) will say when the matter has been decided: "Verily, 
Allah promised you a promise of truth. And I too promised you, but I 
betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, so you 
responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, 
nor can you help me. I deny your former act in associating me (Satan) as a 
partner with Allah (by obeying me in the life of the world). Verily, there is a 
painful torment for the alimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.). "™ 



The capacity for Shaitan to beguile 



™ 6 Surah Al Furqan (25), ayah 29. 
m Surah Al Anfil (8), ayah 48. 
708 Surah Ibrahim (14), ayah 22. 



Page I 246 



15:16-18 The Shavafin are incapable of penetrating the near heavens where 

they attempt to overhear the 
37:6 discussions of the angels. 

|\T^j ^j^Ji s- j ^-e4' j'^Jt^jti *_«_^Jl (J^J»I (j-« a| C2^ -^^ J 

And indeed, We have put the big stars in the heaven and We beautified it for 
the beholders. 

And We have guarded it (near heaven) from every outcast Shai an (devil). 
Except him (devil) that gains hearing by stealing, he is pursued by a clear 
flaming fire. 7 " 

Verily! We have adorned the near heaven with the stars (for beauty). 7 " 
37:10 They are pursued by flaming fire. 

;;;; £j\S £J^~ j**IjU ai^j-i Ci^i- ly- S/i 

Except such as snatch away something by stealing and they are pursued by 
a flaming fire of piercing brightness. 7 " 

16:99 They are incapable of tempting those who have faith, trust in Allah, 

38:82-83 and righteous (obey all guidance and commands of Allah). 



(JfJ QjU='j^j JLgjJ Iji-j \yw\'s, -dj-^ J^ j 'K I' " j*J J~J j*j| 

Verily! he has no power over those who believe and put their trust only in 
their Lord (Allah). 7 ' 1 

1 6: 1 00 They only have the power to entice those who are mushrikin and 

43:36 those who are guided by them. 

C£l *^j£j^ ^ (»-* ^L^r^'i j^j^y~i ^j_ji^ ^ -f^ ■■ Lsjl 

His power is only over those who obey and follow him (Satan), and those 
who join partners with Him (Allah). 7 " 

And whosoever turns away (blinds himself) from the remembrance of the 
Most Beneficent (Allah) (i.e. this Qur an and worship of Allah), We appoint 



">' Surah AlHijr (15), ayat 16-18. 

710 Surah Al Safffit (37), ayah 6. 

711 Surah Al Saffal (37), ayah 10. 

712 Surah AINahl (16), ayah 99. 

713 SfliahAl Nail (16), ayah 100. 



Page | 247 



for him Shai an (Satan devil) to be a Qarin (an intimate companion) to 
him. 7 " 

58:19 Shaitan tries to make 'mankind' forget the remembrance of Allah. 

Ojj- o! VI ■ ')". frJI v3?" ^j^j' *"' jSo *, » I ■'!« ■',!-, --II JL-g Jc i^^-ll 



C|5 Oj/^-l f* o' 1 ^- 1 ' 1 ^ 1 

5/tQi an (Satan) has overtaken them. So he has made them forget the 
remembrance of Allah. They are the party of Shai an (Satan). Verily, it is 
the party of Shai an (Satan) that will be the losers! 715 

The pronouncement of Allah regarding the lures of Shaitan 



2:168-169 Shaitan orders 'mankind' to do that which is despicable and vile; 

O mankind! Eat of that which is lawful and good on the earth, and follow 
not the footsteps of Shai an (Satan). Verily, he is to you an open enemy. 
[Shai an (Satan)] commands you only what is evil and Fa shd ' (sinful), and 
that you should say against Allah what you know not. 716 

2:268 to do that, which is evil and miserly; 

*UJ IJ N ,^ 9J 4-^ *L^*-* t*^- 1 -?^ "^ '3 ? Li^tiJ b , £ — ^ bj ^0 1 1 .p J_*j ■ ',K. '"■ 1 1 

Sftai an (Satan) threatens you with poverty and orders you to commit 
Fa shd' (evil deeds, illegal sexual intercourse, sins etc.); whereas Allah 
promises you forgiveness from Himself and Bounty, and Allah is 
All-Sufficient for his creatures' needs, All-Knower. 7 ' 7 

5:90-91 to instigate enmity, hatred and cruelty; and to prevent us from the 

remembrance of Allah. 

J-«-P Q* ij~rj f^jVj ^U^J^Ij J^!**J'j J*^~\ ^I 'j**'* life*" ^t^i 



714 Surah Al Zukhruf (43), ayah 36. 
" ! SSrah Al Mujadilah (58), ayah 19. 
'" SSrah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 168-169. 
'" SSrah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 268. 



Page | 248 



O Fo« w/10 believe! Intoxicants (all kinds of alcoholic drinks), gambling, 
Al An ab , and Al Azlam (arrows for seeking luck or decision) are an 
abomination of Shai an' s (Satan) handiwork, so avoid (strictly all) that 
(abomination) in order that you may be successful . 

Shai an (Satan) wants only to excite enmity and hatred between you with 
intoxicants (alcoholic drinks) and gambling, and hinder you from the 
remembrance of Allah and from A - alat (the prayer). So, will you not then 
abstain? 7 " 

17:27 Spendthrifts are brothers of Shaitan; 

,, _ f , , „ _ _, , ■>- i „ _ a , , . , , „ , 

i^j IjjiS' t-'Ojl Q'h.: -J I 0^3 Oi^-~-" G'j^l \y^ oo- 1 -^' o! 

Ven'fy, spendthrifts are brothers of the Shayahm (devils), and the Shai an 
(Devil Satan) is ever ungrateful to his Lord. 71 " 

24:21 Shaitan calls to acts of denial and disavowal; 



j4jlj ■ Lja- £J1 C 'jr* 1 ^ ,*-~4 ilr^J • '".. "■ ll C 'jr* 1 ^ I 4*~J J I j-^als ^.-\]l C.llj @ 



|jj jljc ( i^ STj fHi ^ ,_g3i ^ I lf~>5 



O You who believe! Follow not the footsteps of Shai an (Satan). And 
whosoever follows the footsteps of Shai an (Satan), then, verily he 
commands Al-Fa sha" [i.e. to commit indecency (illegal sexual 
intercourse, etc.)], and Al-Munkar [disbelief and polytheism (i.e. to do evil 
and wicked deeds; to speak or to do what is forbidden in Islam, etc.)]. And 
had it not been for the Grace of Allah and His Mercy on you, not one of you 
would ever have been pure from sins. But Allah purifies (guides to Islam) 
whom He wills, and Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.™ 

58:10 Be careful with secret conversations; 

Q2u ill LL^« \ & J* ,"** ' l~-^j l*^-alfl ("jiAjl ^^VJj^^-l ,' ,'. .. "' I ('I- 4 C^3-? e - x -'l l-ftjl 

Secret counsels (conspiracies) are only from Shai an (Satan), in order that 
he may cause grief to the believers. But he cannot harm them in the least, 
except as Allah permits, and in Allah let the believers put their trust J 2 ' 



* Surah Al Maidah (5), ayat 90-91. 
' Surah Al Isra (17), ayah 27. 

Surah AINur (24), ayah 21. 

1 Surah Al Mujadilah (58), ayah 10. 



Page | 249 



17:53 Avoid words that give rise to disputes; and hinder 'mankind' from 

43:36-38 the right path; 

And .sov to My slaves (i.e. the true believers of Islamic Monotheism) that 
they should (only) say those words that are the best, (because) Shai an 
(Satan) verily, sows disagreements among them. Surely, Shai an (Satan) is 
to man a plain enemy. 722 

And wnosoever turns away (blinds himself) from the remembrance of the 

Most Beneficent (Allah) (i.e. this Qur an and worship of Allah), We appoint 

for him Shai an (Satan devil) to be a QarTn (an intimate companion) to 

him. 

And verily, they (Satans / devils) hinder them from the Path (of Allah), but 

they think that they are guided aright! 

Till, when (such a one) comes to Us, he says [to his QarTn (Satan / devil 

companion)] "Would that between me and you were the distance of the two 

easts (or the east and west) " a worst (type of) companion (indeed)! 721 

35:6 Shaitan is the enemy of 'mankind' and he always attends and 

36:60-62 thereby endeavours to entice 'mankind' to Hell; Shaitan is a clearly 

defined enemy for 'mankind' ; 



Surely, Shai an (Satan) is an enemy to you, so take (treat) him as an enemy. 
He only invites his izb (followers) that they may become the dwellers of the 
blazing fire. 724 

(JfJ iy-Z j-LP 'jfS j4jl Jjja-iJI \j J-Jtj "i ^j\ (Oil j^J iSCjJj J-^pl J^ * 
I y jSsj Lli I \j£& "}L->- Jo5*jw« J_i> I J-flJj (;~ J: %*JlJLS b*y*=> I AlA (jj J-_p I Q Ij 



m Surah Allsra (17), ayah 53. 

111 Surah Al Zukhruf (43), ayat 36-38. 

™ Surah Fatir [or Al Mala' ikah] (35), ayah 6. 



Page | 250 



Did I not ordain for you, O Children of Adam, that you should not worship 

Shai an (Satan). Verily, he is a plain enemy to you. 

And that you should worship Me [Alone Islamic Monotheism, and set up not 

rivals, associate-gods with Me]. That is a Straight Path. 

And indeed he (Satan) did lead astray a great multitude of you. Did you not, 

then, understand? 72 ' 



7:27-30 He is the foe of mankind' so do not make him your friend; all of this 

needs to be taken into account by Bam Adam. 

L*^— * 1_J L^^P 9y~i ^?*J I rj* £*-{y. ' 77 j^~ ' *-*^ tVri.: "J I ,\ *~~3"' ' " ^j 2 f* 3 ' * ls^ 

^.oll a! ^_ji^di£ ojiolj -L^JL« J-^= -^-f ^*>?-J '>**?'J -^-^JL> sjj^*' 
Ijjlil JLgjI AliiJI j.^ip jjji- li^sj (^J-i IJL^ Jjj bj- 3 ^ *S^J-j Lis" 

Children of Adam! Let not Shai an (Satan) deceive you, as he got your 
parents [Adam and Hawwa (Eve)] out of Paradise, stripping them of their 
raiments, to show them their private parts. Verily, he and QabTluhu (his 
soldiers from the jinns or his tribe) see you from where you cannot see 
them. Verily, We made the Shaydhin (devils) Auliya" (protectors and 
helpers) for those who believe not. 

And when they commit a Fa isha (evil deed, going round the Ka 'hah in 
naked state, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, etc.), they say: "We 
found our fathers doing it, and Allah has commanded us of it. " Say: "Nay, 
Allah never commands of Fa isha. Do you say of Allah what you know not? 
Say (O Mu ammad 0): My Lord has commanded justice and (said) that you 
should face Him Only (i.e. Worship none hut Allah and face the Qiblah, i.e. 
the Ka 'bah at Makkah during prayers) in each and every place of worship, 
in prayers (and not to face other false deities and idols), and invoke Him 
only making your religion sincere to Him by not joining in worship any 
partner to Him and with the intention that you are doing your deeds for 
Allah's sake only, as He brought you (into being) in the beginning, so shall 
you be brought into being (on the Day of Resurrection) [in two groups, one 
as a blessed one (believers), and the other as a wretched one 
(disbelievers)]. 
A group He has guided, and a group deserved to be in error: (because) 



' Surah Ya Sin (36), ayat 60-62. 

Page | 251 



surely they took the Shaya in (devils) as Auliya' (protectors and helpers) 
instead of Allah, and consider that they are guided. 726 

Seeking protection from the evil of Shaitan 



23:97-98 And say: "My Lord! I seek refuge with You from the whisperings of 

7:200-202 the Shavatln. And I seek refuge with You, My Lord! lest they may 

113:1-5 attend me". And if an evil whisper from Shaitan tries to turn you 

114:1-6 away, then seek refuge in Allah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, 

41:36 the All-Knower. 



And say: "My Lord! I seek refuge with You from the whisperings 

(suggestions) of the Shaya in (devils). 

"And I seek refuge with You, my Lord! lest they may attend (or come near) 

me. "™ 

And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shai an (Satan) then seek refuge 
with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower. 

Verily, those who are Al-Muttaqun, when an evil thought comes to them 
from Shai an (Satan), they remember (Allah), and (indeed) they then see 
(aright). 

But (as for) their brothers (the devils) they (i.e. the devils) plunge them 
deeper into error, and they never stop short.™ 

Say: "I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of the daybreak, 

"From the evil of what He has created; 

"And from the evil of the darkening (night) as it comes with its darkness; 

(or the moon as it sets or goes away). 

"And from the evil of the witchcrafts when they blow in the knots, 

"And from the evil of the envier when he envies. "™ 




™ Surah Al A'raf (27, ayat 27-30. 
111 Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayat 97-98. 
™ Surah Al A'raf (7), ayat 200-202. 
™ Surah Al Falaq (113), ayat 1-5. 



Page | 252 



Say: "I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of mankind, 

"The King of mankind, 

"The Ilah (God) of mankind, 

"From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of 

men) who withdraws (from his whispering in one's heart after one 

remembers Allah), 

"Who whispers in the breasts of mankind, 

"Ofjinns and men. " 7m 

An</ (J an evil whisper from Shai an (Satan) tries to turn you away (O 
Mu ammad M) (from doing good, etc.), then seek refuge in Allah. Verily, 
He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. 7 " 



° Surah AlNas(l 14), ayat 1-6. 
1 Surah Fussilat (41), ayah 36. 



Page | 253 



Page | 254 



CHAPTER 3 
'Mankind' and their nature 






O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, who created you 
from a single person, and from him He created his wife, 
and from them both He created many men and women 
and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual 
(rights), and the wombs. Surely, Allah is Ever an 
All-Watcher over you. 732 



1 Surah AINisa (4), ayah 1. 

Page | 255 



The Names of 'Mankind' 
Allnsan -O^V 1 



'Mankind' as part of a group, or 'as a whole'. 



76:1-2 Has there not been over man a period of time, when he was nothing 

to be mentioned? Verily, We have created man from Nutfah drops of 
mixed semen, in order to try him, so We made him hearer, seer. 



i/a.v wiere no/ oeen over man a period of time, when he was nothing to be 

mentioned? 

Verily, We have created man from Nufah drops of mixed semen (discharge 

of man and woman), in order to try him, so We made him hearer, seer. 733 



Al Bashar - jt^l 



'mankind' viewed as an individual, not part of a group. 

15:28 And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "I am going to 

16:103 create a man from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud". 

17:93 
19:26 

And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "I am going to create a 
man (Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. 734 

And indeed We know that they (polytheists and pagans) say: "It is only a 
human being who teaches him (Mu ammad M). " The tongue of the man 
they refer to is foreign, while this (the Qur an) is a clear Arabic tongue. 73 ' 



133 Surah Al 'Insan [or Al Date] (76), ayat 1-2. 
114 Surah Al Hijr ( 1 5), ayah 28. 
'" Surah AINahl (16), ayah 103. 



Page | 256 



"Or you have a house of adornable materials (like silver and pure gold, 
etc.), or you ascend up into the sky, and even then we will put no faith in 
your ascension until you bring down for us a Book that we would read. " 
Say (O Mu ammad 0): "Glorified {and Exalted) be my Lord {Allah) above 
all that evil they (polytheists) associate with him! Am I anything but a man, 
sent as a Messenger? " 7M 

Wy^, q^% c/| Ji Jj\ ~Jjii l-io-i yilll ^ cf.JJ l-«!i lli ij'j) (4^!j JSi 

"So eat and drink and be glad, and if you see any human being, say: 
'Verily! I have vowed a fast unto the Most Beneficent (Allah) so I shall not 
speak to any human being this day. ' " 7 " 



Ban! Adam - f ■»!'<► Ji 



'Mankind' perceived as descendants. 

17:70 And indeed We have honoured the Children of Adam, and We have 

carried them on land and 
17:61 sea, and have provided them with At ^aiyibat, and have preferred 

them above many of those whom We have created with a marked 

preference. 

And indeed We have honoured the Children of Adam, and We have carried 
them on land and sea, and have provided them with A --•aiyibat (lawful 
good things), and have preferred them above many of those whom We have 
created with a marked preference. "" 

And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate unto Adam. " 



,M Surah Al Isra (17), ayah 93. 
'" Surah Maryam (19), ayah 26. 
738 Surah Al Isra' (17), ayah 70. 



Page I 257 



They prostrated except Ibhs (Satan). He said: "Shall I prostrate to one 
whom You created from clay?"' 1 " 



Al Nas - o^jJI 

'Mankind' as discerned by all the issues within their lives. 

114:1-6 

Soy: "I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of mankind, 

"The King of mankind, 

"The Ilah (God) of mankind, 

"From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of 

men) who withdraws (from his whispering in one's heart after one 

remembers Allah), 

"Who whispers in the breasts of mankind, 

"Ofjinns and men. " 74 ° 



The Process of mankind' s' Creation 
The creation of Adam $£$ 

3:59' Adam sssS. was created from 'dust' (turab - M' J}; 

Ven'fy, the likeness of Isa (Jesus) before Allah is the likeness of Adam. He 
created him from dust, then (He) said to him: "Be!" - and he was. 74 ' 

15:28 from sounding clay (salsal - i3--^^-^of altered smooth mud black 

and given form (fakhkhar - _>-^; 

55:14 



"' Surah Al Isra' (17), ayah 61. 
™ Surah Al Nas (114), ayat 1-6. 
*" Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 59. 



Page I 258 



And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "I am going to create a 
man ( Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud." 2 



He created man ( Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery. 741 



37:11 from sticky clay (tin - lW^; 

(;"'J: i_jj"^ (y]s> -yA . g 1 ' fllo- bl ILalj- ^a j»l tali*- J_il ,«Jol Ta-pjal^lli 

77ien ask them [i.e. these polytheists, O Mu ammad 0): "Are they stronger 
as creation, or those (others like the heavens and the earth and the 
mountains, etc.) whom We have created?" Verily, We created them of a 
sticky clay. 744 

15:29 Allah completed his creation and blew into him Ruh; 

32:9 



"So, when I have fashioned him completely and breathed into him ( Adam) 
the soul which I created for him, then fall (you) down prostrating 
yourselves unto him. ""' 

77ien He fashioned him in due proportion, and breathed into him the soul 
(created by Allah for that person), and He gave you hearing (ears), sight 
(eyes) and hearts. Little is the thanks you give! 74 " 



The creation of Hawwa' - *lj'- 



4:1 Allah created a wife from Adam sssa for him, by the name of 

Hawwa' - Eve. 



742 Surah Al Hijr (15), ayah 28. 

743 Surah Al Rahman (55), ayah 14. 

744 Surah Al Sattat (37), ayah 1 1 . 

745 Surah Al Hijr (15), ayah 29. 

746 Surah Al Sajdah (32), ayah 9. 

Page I 259 



mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, who created you from a single person 
( Adam), and from him ( Adam) He created his wife [ awwd (Eve)], and 
from them both He created many men and women and fear Allah through 
whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the 
wombs (kinship). Surely, Allah is ever an All Watcher over you. 747 

39:6 Adam *K1 is the ancestor of all 'mankind'. 



He created you (all) from a single person ( Adam); then made from him his 
wife ] awwd (Eve)]. And He has sent down for you of cattle eight pairs (of 
the sheep, two, male and female; of the goats, two, male and female; of the 
oxen, two, male and female; and of the camels, two, male and female). He 
creates you in the wombs of your mothers, creation after creation in three 
veils of darkness, such is Allah your Lord. His is the kingdom, La ilaha ilia 
Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). How then are you 
turned away? 74 " 

The creation of Isa &gl 

66:12 Maryam, the daughter of 'Imran, was obedient. 

And Maryam (Mary), the daughter of 'Imran who guarded her chastity; and 
We breathed into (the sleeve of her shirt or her garment) through Our Ru 
[i.e. Jibrtl (Gabriel)], and she testified to the truth of the words of her Lord 
[i. e. believed in the Words of Allah: "Be! " and he was; that is Isa (Jesus) 
son of Maryam (Mary); as a Messenger of Allah], and (also believed in) His 
Scriptures, and she was of the Qanitin (i.e. obedient to Allah). 74 '' 

4:171 'Isa the son of Maryam was created by Allah's 

21:91 word; and rah from Allah was blown into Maryam. 



747 Surah AINisa (4), ayah 1. 

748 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 6. 

749 Surah Al TahrTm (66), ayah 12. 

Page | 260 



>- ^ J 



O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Do not exceed the limits in 
your religion, nor say of Allah aught hut the truth. The Messiah Isa (Jesus), 
son ofMaryam (Mary), was (no more than) a messenger of Allah and His 
word, ("Be!" - and he was) which He bestowed on Maryam (Mary) and a 
spirit (Ru ) created by Him; so believe in Allah and His messengers. Say 
not: "Three (trinity)!" Cease! (it is) better for you. For Allah is (the only) 
one Ilah (God), Glory be to Him (Far Exalted is He) above having a son. To 
Him belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth. And Allah 
is All Sufficient as a Disposer of affairs. 7 " 

And (remember) she who guarded her chastity [virgin Maryam (Mary)], 
We breathed into (the sleeves of) her (shirt or garment) [through OurRu 
Jibril (Gabriel)], and We made her and her son [ Isa (Jesus)] a sign for 
Al-Alamm (the mankind and jinns). 7 " 

2:87 Isa *SSi was supported with Ruh ul Qudus. 

, - ,•- , „> ** , - . , •*> '- ,.- 

«_jt* q>) t ~>«*S' u_uUj (L^llu ^aJ_*j -jjt 1 '-^o q j ^_j^SJ I ,~uj^ u_u U -LiU_j 

And indeed, We gave Musa (Moses) the Book and followed him up with a 
succession of messengers. And We gave Isa (Jesus), the son of Maryam 
(Mary), clear signs and supported him with Ru -ul-Qudus [Jibril 
(Gabriel)]. Is it that whenever there came to you a messenger with what you 
yourselves desired not, you grew arrogant? Some, you disbelieved and 
some, you killed. 7 ' 2 

3:59 The creation of 'Isa S3 was like the creation of 'Adam SSI. 

Ven'fy, f/ie likeness of Isa (Jesus) before Allah is the likeness of Adam. He 
created him from dust, Then (He) said to him: "Be!" - and he was." 3 



750 Surah AINisa (4), ayah 171. 
"' Surah Al Anbiya (21), ayah 91. 
712 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 87. 
'" Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 59. 



Page | 261 



The creation of 'mankind' as a community. 

4:1 Allah created Adam >&, Hawwa', men and women; 

O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, who created you from a single person 
( Adam), and from him ( Adam) He created his wife [Hawwa ' (Eve)], and 
from them both He created many men and women and fear Allah through 
whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the 
wombs (kinship). Surely, Allah is ever an All Watcher over you. 7 ' 4 

71:14 'mankind' created via various stages of creation; 

23:13-14 

While He has created you in (different) stages [i.e. first Nufah, then 
Alaqah and then Mu ghah ],..'" 

Thereafter We made him (the offspring of Adam) as a Nu fah (mixed drops 
of the male and female sexual discharge) (and lodged it) in a safe lodging 
(womb of the woman). 

Then We made the Nu fah into a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood), 
then We made the clot into a little lump of flesh, then We made out of that 
little lump of flesh bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, and then We 
brought it forth as another creation. So blessed be Allah, the best of 
creators." 6 

76:1-2 from a certain period not yet mentioned; 



" 4 Surah AINisa (4), ayah 1. 

'" Surah Nuh (71), ayah 14. 

756 Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayat 13-14. 



Page I 262 



I* ^ I ut^«~*u <MUjtj>t3 <uJ^-o r-Ulv^l ** ftjaj -j. 



Has there not been over man a period of time, when he was nothing to be 

mentioned? 

Verily, We have created man from Nufah drops of mixed semen (discharge 

of man and woman), in order to try him, so We made him hearer, seer. 7 ' 7 

32:7-8 from clay - tin; from an essence of ignoble water - semen; 

^j* j^Uj J*?- J>j {5} oil 5 crt cr~^y^ >^~ ' "^J >**k>- %U» J^o-** 5 "' <^^' 

Who made everything He has created good, and He began the creation of 
man from clay. 

Then He made his offspring from semen of worthless water (male and 
female sexual discharge). 7 " 

23:12-13 the semen then lodged in the womb; a strong, safe place; 

And indeed We created man ( Adam) out of an extract of clay (water and 

earth). 

Thereafter We made him (the offspring of Adam) as a Nu fah (mixed drops 

of the male and female sexual discharge) (and lodged it) in a safe lodging 

(womb of the woman). 75 ' 

86:5-7 after being emitted from between the coccyx of the male and the ribs 

of the woman, 
23:14 thereafter made into a clot of blood, then into a lump 

3:6 of flesh, and then into skin and bones; 

So let man see from what he is created! 

He is created from a water gushing forth 

Proceeding from between the back-bone and the ribs,.. 7 " 

b j-lS^s Ls-JiP ^ % ^a a 1 1 UJLUti ^ « >» « d_aljj I UJLUti d_al& djijajj I LLiilj- ^J 
77ien We marfe ifte Mi /aft into a eta fa piece o/ f/i/ci coagulated blood), 



757 Surah Al Insan [or AI Data] (76), ayat 1-2. 
7!! Surah Al Sajdah (32), ayat 7-8. 
"' Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayat 12-13. 
760 SSrah Al Tariq (86), ayat 5-7. 



Page | 263 



then We made the clot into a little lump of flesh, then We made out of that 
little lump of flesh bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, and then We 
brought it forth as another creation. So blessed be Allah, the best of 
creators. 7 " 

He it is who shapes you in the wombs as He pleases. La ilaha ilia Huwa 
(none has the right to be worshipped but He), the All-Mighty, the 
All-Wise. 762 

82:7-8 then fashioned within the womb into form by His will; 

Who created you, fashioned you perfectly, and gave you due proportion; 
In whatever form He willed, He put you together. 76 ' 

32:9 subsequently Ruh was blown into 'him'. 7M 



77ien He fashioned him in due proportion, and breathed into him the soul 
(created by Allah for that person), and He gave you hearing (ears), sight 
(eyes) and hearts. Little is the thanks you give! 76 ' 



The Purpose of the Creation of 'mankind' 

23:115 'mankind' was not created merely for 'fun'; but in order to bear the 

33:72 mandate/trusteeship (Amanah - 4Jl~«j) of Islam; and in order to serve 

51 :56 and worship Allah alone; 



(GO 03*-?-^ * L^r! [*^*- , 'j ^-~r^ ^S '• 1^- Le*j I Ja^ 



"Did you think that We had created you in play (without any purpose), and 
that you would not be brought back to Us ? " 7 " 



'" Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayah 14. 
" 2 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 6. 
la Siirah Al Infitar (82), ayat 7-8. 



'" I his whole process lias been clearly explained within Al Qur'an since the 7 century AC, and medical science 
'discovered' and acknowledged this in the 20" 1 century AC. 
765 Surah Al Sajdah (32), ayah 9. 
"" Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayah 1 15. 

Page | 264 



jggM.lj l^JU-^* (jl ^[^uli Jll^Jlj u^j^'j oj'3 1 -^' j^ 3l J*- 4 *^' ^i^'J^ ^! 

Truly, We did offer Al 'Amanah (the trust or moral responsibility or 
honesty and all the duties which Allah has ordained) to the heavens and the 
earth, and the mountains, hut they declined to bear it and were afraid of it 
(i.e. afraid of Allah's torment). But man bore it. Verily, he was unjust (to 
himself) and ignorant (of its results). 7 " 

And I (Allah) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship 
Me (Alone).™ 

2:30 to be the Caliph/executive (Khallfah - "^H-% on the earth, where 

6:165 there is differentiation in ranks, one from the other, for trial and 

3:110 the enjoinment of all that Islam has ordained (ma'ruf- MjJ^ 

and the forbiddance of all that Islam has prohibited (munkar - J^ J -^; 






And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: "Verily, I am going to 
place (mankind) generations after generations on earth. " They said: "Will 
You place therein those who will make mischief therein and shed blood, - 
while we glorify You with praises and thanks (exalted be You above all that 
they associate with you as partners) and sanctify You. " He (Allah) said: "I 
know that which you do not know. " 7m 

03 fir^j jjJ^*J j4 - , !3 ' J '-^ Jt ^' r~U^" *—^J 01 ^£03 '* " 

And it is He who has made you generations coming after generations, 
replacing each other on the earth. And He has raised you in ranks, some 
above others that He may try you in that which He has bestowed on you. 
Surely your Lord is swift in retribution, and certainly He is Oft Forgiving, 
Most Merciful. 770 



767 Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayah 72. 
™ Surah Al Dhariyat (51), ayah 56. 
7M Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 30. 
7,0 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 165. 



Page I 265 



r>-*A^=l3 -^_j$~i'y^\ (i-^-? (v-frJ !Ji-=~ 06J y^-^" J* 1 -o->*'' ^J ^ 

\~':. Qj o , .■ ' o 1 1 

Fom />rae believers in Islamic Monotheism, and real followers of Prophet 
Mu ammad M and his Sunnah (legal ways, etc.)] are the best of peoples 
ever raised up for mankind; You enjoin Al-Ma 'ruf(i.e. Islamic Monotheism 
and all that Islam has ordained) and forbid Al-Munkar (polytheism, 
disbelief and all that Islam has forbidden), and you believe in Allah. And 
had the People of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) believed, it would 
have been better for them; among them are some who have faith, but most 
of them are Al-Fdsiqun (disobedient to Allah - and rebellious against 
Allah's Command). 7 " 

55:31 directed by Allah; 

75:36 and held responsible. 

We shall attend to you, O you two classes (jinns and men)! 772 



Does man think that he will be left Suda [neglected without being punished 
or rewarded for the obligatory duties enjoined by his Lord (Allah) on 
him]? 771 

The Difference between 'mankind' and the other creations 

In order for the function and purpose of Allah's creation of 'mankind' , as 
outlined above, Allah confers regulations and guidance for life. The success of 'mankind' 
is supported by 'his' function, namely, preferring and positioning 'mankind' as the best 
of created beings. Whenever 'he' casts off this mantle, 'he' is lower than an animal. This 
is what differentiates 'mankind' from the rest of creation. Pay attention to the following 
ayat! 

3:164 Prophets and Messengers were sent to recite ayat and orders in order 

4:165 that 'mankind' receives His guidelines. 



'" Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 1 10. 
111 Surah Al Rahman (55), ayah 31. 
7,3 Surah Al Qiyamah (75), ayah 36. 



Page | 266 



Indeed Allah conferred a great favour on the believers when He sent among 
them a messenger (Mu ammad M) from among themselves, reciting unto 
them His Verses (the Qur an), and purifying them (from sins by their 
following him), and instructing them (in) the Book (the Qur an) and 
Al ikmah [the wisdom and the Sunnah of the Prophet (i.e. his legal ways, 
statements, acts of worship, etc.)], while before that they had been in 
manifest error. 774 

Messengers as bearers of good news as well as of warning in order that 
mankind should have no plea against Allah after the messengers. And Allah 
is ever All Powerful, All Wise. 77 ' 

7:52 There are many of 'mankind' who partner themselves with Allah in 

13:37 spite of the fact that Al Quran constitutes true guidance; those who 

17:15 receive His guidance are successful. 



Certainly, We have brought to them a Book (the Qur an) which We have 
explained in detail with knowledge, - a guidance and a mercy to a people 
who believe. 77 ' 

(*X> li ^i»Jl y* iJlti- I_«jlL *.& \ \'^& I cJlJ I q^j 4^ US^>- "tiJjil kiAJ' JSj 

And thus have We sent it (the Qur an) down to be a judgement of authority 
in Arabic. Were you (O Mu ammad 0) to follow their (vain) desires after 
the knowledge which has come to you, then you will not have any Wally 
(protector) or defender against Allah. 777 

jj_5 Sjjlj jjj Mj t^lc l L^l> Lijli ,_Li> qaj ^^-JiSJ iS^x. Lijli cf J^aI y* 

Whoever goes right, then he goes right only for the benefit of his ownself 
and whoever goes astray, then he goes astray to his own loss. No one laden 
with burdens can bear another's burden. And We never punish until We 



' Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 164. 
! Surah AINisa (4), ayah 165. 
6 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 52. 
' Surah AlRa'd (13), ayah 37. 



Page I 267 



have sent a messenger (to give warning). 77 " 

17:70 'mankind' is favoured above other created beings and has been 

64:3 bestowed with good, attractive shapes; there are those who have 

95:4-5 been reduced to the lowest of the low; and also there are those who 

95:6 have been given great blessings. 



And indeed We have honoured the Children of Adam, and We have carried 
them on land and sea, and have provided them with A -->aiyibat (Lawful 
good things), and have preferred them above many of those whom We have 
created with a marked preference. 77 ' 

tj|j j0 ^i*Jl 4JJ3 'j}j'y ! > cr~*~^ ^Jy^'i &~U [j^'j^'i *p''y-*J^\ (jl=- 

He has created the heavens and the earth with truth, and He shaped you 
and made good your shapes, and to Him is the final return. 7m 

({'Tj ojLf^-. J-a-il Aijiij Jjj ic'fj; _*jjiJ o—^' ij Cr~ i ')" ^-^ -^ 

Verily, We created man of the best stature (mould), 
Then We reduced him to the lowest of the low,.. 7 " 

ojic 'j£ >>- 1 j4& <^*14J\ ijJ^j '\^»\'<. cy.Jlt % 

Save those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous deeds, 
then they shall have a reward without end (Paradise). 7 " 2 

25 :43-44 Whomsoever takes as his ilah (*• J) his desires, then they will be even 

7: 1 79 more astray than cattle. 

Cj\ ^^J~ A .;;'~J: ">L^=j <ulp Qy^> C-olil 4jjjb ."*-$iJj -^-' ry» <Z~}s-j\ 



//ave you (O Mu ammad M) seen him who has taken as his Ilah (God) his 
own desire? Would you then be a WakTl (a disposer of his affairs or a 
watcher) over him? 

Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like 
cattle; Nay, they are even farther astray from the Path. (i.e. even worst than 



™ Surah Al Isra (17), ayah 15. 

779 Surah Al Isra' (17), ayah 70. 

780 Surah Al Taghabun (64), ayah 3. 

781 Surah Al Tin (95), ayat 4-5. 

782 Surah Al Tin (95), ayah 6. 



Page I 268 



cattle). 71 " 

And surely, We have created many ofthejinns and mankind for Hell. They 
have hearts wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they 
see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). They are 
like cattle, Nay even more astray; those! they are the heedless ones. 7 " 

98:6-8 The disbelievers and polytheists are the worst of creatures; whereas 

those who believe and perform acts of piety are the best of creatures. 

;>:;: AjyJI j*3- ^ ^-^j}' s"-* 1 ^' '^^ '>^i Ij-^U o^' ^Lu>! Cv : ^4/-^' J^ 

C|5 -"43 esr-*" Cr*4 ^-H'i ' up 'j-^jj m^ 

Veri/y, f/iose wno disbelieve (in the Religion of Islam, the Qur an and 

Prophet MuHammad (0)) from among the people of the Scripture (Jews 

and Christians) and Al-Mushrikun will abide in the Fire of Hell. They are 

the worst of creatures. 

Verily, those who believe [in the Oneness of Allah, and in His Messenger 

Mu ammad ("M)) including all obligations ordered by Islam] and do 

righteous good deeds, they are the best of creatures. 

Their reward with their Lord is 'Adn (Eden) Paradise (Gardens of 

Eternity), underneath which rivers flow, they will abide therein forever, 

Allah well-pleased with them, and they with Him. That is for him who fears 

his Lord. 71 " 

The Characteristics of mankind' 

17:11 'mankind' is hasty; 

And man invokes (Allah) for evil as he invokes (Allah) for good and man is 
ever hasty [i.e., if he is angry with somebody, he invokes (saying): "O 
Allah! Curse him, etc. " and that one should not do, but one should be 



783 Surah Al Furqan (25), ayat 43-44. 

784 Surah Al A'raf (7) ayah 179. 
7S! Surah Al Baiyinah (98), ayat 6-8. 



aw an rti rt rai y/ f ayau j /v. 
7!! Surah Al Baiyinah (98), ayat t 

Page I 269 



patient]. 7m 
18:54 'mankind' enjoys disputation; 

And indeed We have put forth every kind of example in this Qur an, for 
mankind. But, man is ever more quarrelsome than anything. 7 " 7 

10:12 'mankind' transgresses bounds; 

(GO ^-1*L«-*J I aj b La /jjSyu^sJJ ,-jJJ lLU'JS jA^t ^y^ ,J| UJ*- dj JaJ ^jl B — i 

And when harm touches man, he invokes Us, lying down on his side, or 
sitting or standing, but when We have removed his harm from him, he 
passes on his way as if he had never invoked Us for a harm that touched 
him! Thus it seems fair to the Musrifun that which they used to do."" 1 

70:18 'mankind' is miserly; 

And collect {wealth) and hide it (from spending it in the Cause of Allah). 7 "'' 
70:19 'mankind' is impatient; 

Verily, man (disbeliever) was created very impatient; 7 ' 
70:20 'mankind' is irritable; 

Irritable (discontented) when evil touches him; 7 " 
100:6 'mankind' is reluctant and ungrateful; 



m Surah Allsra (17), ayah 11. 
m Surah Al Kahf (18), ayah 54. 
™ Surah Yunus (10), ayah 12. 
m Surah Al Maarij (70), ayah 18. 
"° Surah Al Maarij (70), ayah 19. 
'" Surah Al Maarij (70), ayah 20. 



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Verify! man (disbeliever) is ungrateful to his Lord;™ 2 

96:7 'mankind' considers 'himself self-sufficient; 

90:4 'mankind' is created in toil and created weak. 

4:28 

Because he considers himself self-sufficient. 793 

Ven'fy, We ftave created man in toil. 7 ' 4 

A//a/i wishes to lighten (the burden) for you; and man was created weak 
(cannot be patient to leave sexual intercourse with woman). 71 " 



1,1 Surah Al ' Adiyat (100), ayah 6. 
" 3 Surah Al ' Alaq (96), ayah 7. 
1,4 Surah Al Balad (90), ayah 4. 
" 5 Surah Al Nisa (4), ayah 28. 



Page I 271 



Page | 272 



CHAPTER 4 
The Potential of 'mankind' 






And fry Afa/s, a«<i fry ///m vv/io perfected him in 
proportion; Then He showed him. what is wrong for him; 
Indeed he succeeds who purifies his ownself. And indeed 
he fails who corrupts his ownself. 19 '- 






oj oj jy^ f>e~j © 



And I free not myself (from the blame). Verily, the 
self is inclined to evil, except when my Lord bestows 
His Mercy. Verily, My Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most 
Merciful." 



1 Surah Al Shams (91), ayat 7-10. 
' Sirrah YQsuf(12), ayah 53. 



Page I 273 



Rational thought 

Fundamentally, reason or rational thought does not have the same meaning as 
Aql (Js»J>). The undertaking of rational thought is to comprehend or obtain everything 
experienced by the five senses. Whereas the endeavour of Aql, besides the element of 
rational thought as fed by the five senses, also encompasses the factor of fitrah (° J^=4- 
nature, innate character), which effects the sensitivity of belief (which emerges from a 
pure heart). Pay attention to the summoning of Allah so that 'mankind' makes use of 'his' 
rational thought in order to think about the Oneness and authority of Allah within the 
following ayat! 

16:44 Al Quran was designated for 'mankind' as a reminder; in order that 

one thinks about this universe; 

With clear signs and Books (We sent the Messengers). And We have also 
sent down unto you (O Mu ammad M) the reminder and the advice {the 
Qur an), that you may explain clearly to men what is sent down to them, 
and that they may give thought. 7 " 

13:3 amongst others animals, plants, stars, planets, oceans, mountains, 

16:65-69 the earth, etc; and that which 'mankind' cannot calculate. 

16:18 All of this was created for the interest of 'mankind'. 
45:13 

fr|j Oj_^Ciij ^jii c-4"3 ii-U'i J o! J^l J*" {S~-*i Oi^' 

And if i'.v He who spread out the earth, and placed therein firm mountains 
and rivers and of every kind of fruits He made Zawjain Ithnain (two in pairs 
- may mean two kinds or it may mean: of two sorts, e.g. black and white, 
sweet and sour, small and big, etc.) He brings the night as a cover over the 
day. Verily, in these things, there are Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, 
signs, etc.) for people who reflect."" 



™ Sirrah AINahl (16), ayah 44. 
'" Surah Al Ra'd (13), ayah 3. 



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<_P c^? i_£ (^ Cj3 Oj-^j*j L»£J >?»^" £r?J ^>rf JW4"' £r? tS^'' O' 
s 1 o ill <Li j<GjJI <_aliK v^l^i Hip-! erf VJ^ "^^ *4^J tj-^-" tjv-^^ c^lj^Jjl 

And A/te/i .sends down water (rain) from the sky, then He revives the earth 

therewith after its death. Verily, in this is a sign (clear proof) for people 

who listen (obey Allah). 

And Verily! In the cattle, there is a lesson for you. We give you to drink of 

that which is in their bellies, from between excretions and blood, pure milk; 

palatable to the drinkers. 

And from the fruits of date-palms and grapes, you derive strong drink (this 

was before the order of the prohibition of the alcoholic drinks) and a goodly 

provision. Verily, therein is indeed a sign for people who have wisdom. 

And your Lord inspired the bee, saying: "Take you habitations in the 

mountains and in the trees and in what they erect. 

"Then, eat of all fruits, and follow the ways of your Lord made easy (for 

you). " There comes forth from their bellies, a drink of varying colour 

wherein is healing for men. Verily, in this is indeed a sign for people who 

think 100 

And if you would count the graces of Allah, never could you be able to count 
them. Truly! Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful."" 

And has subjected to you all that is in the heavens and all that is in the 
earth; it is all as a favour and kindness from Him. Verily, in it are signs for 
a people who think deeply. 802 

30:20-21 Allah also commands 'mankind' to think about their own creation, 

39:42 the lives they now experience, how they live, how they sleep and 

10:24 die, as well as the life of this temporal world. 






8 ™ Surah AINahl (16), ayat 65-69. 

801 Surah AINahl (16), ayah 18. 

802 Surah Al Jathiyah (45), ayah 13. 



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j^ji^j ^°^aJ c^il ^LU'i 



qpOJ. 

And among his signs is this, that He created you ( Adam) from dust, and 

then [Hawwa ' (Eve) from Adam 's rib, and then his offspring from the 

semen, and], - behold you are human beings scattered! 

And among His signs is this, that He created for you wives from among 

yourselves, that you may find repose in them, and He has put between you 

affection and mercy. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who 

reflect."" 

Q* ls^ lc" - L - 1 -^^ 1 4?^ li "*- 5 ^ jfJ'j Lfe^ car J- 4 ^ 1 S'yi * J)I 



It is Allah who takes away the souls at the time of their death, and those that 
die not during their sleep. He keeps those (souls) for which He has ordained 
death and sends the rest for a term appointed. Verily, in this are signs for a 
people who think deeply. 1 " 4 

j^f LgiiT ^>3 i^jTj l^j^jSffoIif Tij ■$>■ jL^VTj ,>£)! ^ 

Verify ifte likeness of (this) worldly life is as the water (rain) which We send 
down from the sky, so by it arises the intermingled produce of the earth of 
which men and cattle eat until when the earth is clad with its adornments 
and is beautified, and its people think that they have all the powers of 
disposal over it, Our command reaches it by night or by day and We make it 
like a clean-mown harvest, as if it had not flourished yesterday ! Thus do we 
explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, 
laws, etc.) in detail for the people who reflect.'" 

16:3-4 However, many of 'mankind' are disputatious, argumentative and 

reject the Oneness and authority of Allah, the Lord of the universe. 

-•y-~J JM fr ig- f'r^ ^ - J aS f^! Lo-P lI^J L^**^ ■ _j^J*^3 " i'j' * ... II /ilo- 

He has created the heavens and the earth with truth. High be He exalted 



m Surah Al Rum (30), ayat 20-21. 
804 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 42. 
!IB Surah Yunus (10), ayah 24. 



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above all they associate as partners with Him. 

He has created man from Nufah (mixed drops of male and female sexual 

discharge), then behold, this same (man) becomes an open opponent."" 

Intellect or Aql 

Aql consists of the elements of both rational thought and the sincerity of the 
heart. Once 'mankind' thinks about or rationalizes over the signs of Allah's authority, 
which are laid out or written in His Book, and 'he' still cannot acknowledge the existence 
of Allah, then 'his' heart is not functioning correctly, because it is blind, uncertain and 
polluted. 



What is within the Aql cannot necessarily be rationalized 



What is within the Aql cannot necessarily be rationalized, since the 
functional capacity of 'mankind's' rationality is very limited; 'his' heart is blind and this 
causes uncertainty. 

22:46 There are many of 'mankind' who do not want to understand the 

7:179 signs of Allah's authority and His Oneness; they do not want to 

utilize their hearts and rationality. 



Have they not travelled through the land, and have they hearts wherewith to 
understand and ears wherewith to hear? Verily, it is not the eyes that grow 
blind, but it is the hearts which are in the breasts that grow blind. 807 

E S , f > . „i-" , -.i E - . , . * » - ,' . , , * » >,t 

And surely, We have created many of the jinns and mankind for Hell. They 
have hearts wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they 
see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). They are 
like cattle, Nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones'" 

1:22-24 There are those who utilize their rationality but they are uncertain 

because their hearts are blind. They are lower than the animals that 



806 Surah AINahl (16), ayat 3-4. 
m Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 46. 
808 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 179. 



Page | 277 



do not possess 'Aql. 

VpS *ill lie- yl) ij'fj OjiiUj Si ^Ly.AH «^JI ,»yill Alii JLi* Cj\'yil\'jC, o! # 

^Jjj iJjjt- ij)t ^_jl ijilpTj *, 4-a. ,-fr UJ 15" lio lij Jj-ljUj *JJ i_jL>JL^T 

Verily! the worst of (moving) living creatures with Allah are the deaf and 

the dumb, those who understand not (i.e. the disbelievers). 

Had Allah known of any good in them, He would indeed have made them 

listen, and even if He had made them listen, they would but have turned 

away, averse (to the truth). 

O You who believe! Answer Allah (by obeying Him) and (His) messenger 

when he (M) calls you to that which will give you life, and know that Allah 

comes in between a person and his heart (i.e. He prevents an evil person to 

decide anything). And Verily to Him you shall (all) be gathered. 1 " 9 

59:19-20 They are those who forget Allah, so Allah causes them to forget 

themselves and they are those who suffer the loss (to their own 
detriment). 

And be not like those who forgot Allah (i.e. became disobedient to Allah) 
and He caused them to forget their ownselves, (let them to forget to do 
righteous deeds). Those are the Fdsiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah). 
Not equal are the dwellers of the Fire and the dwellers of the Paradise. It is 
the dwellers of Paradise that will be successful." 

20:124-127 In truth, for them life is a hardship. Whoseever's heart is blind in this 

17:72 world then later in the Hereafter their heart's will be blinder still. 






,w Surah Al Anfil (8), ayat 22-24. 
"° Surah Al Hashr (59), ayat 19-20. 



Page | 278 



"But whosoever turns away from My Reminder (i.e. neither believes in this 

Qur an nor acts on its orders, etc.) Verily, for him is a life of hardship, and 

We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection. " 

He will say: "O my Lord! why have You raised me up blind, while I had 

sight (before). " 

(Allah) will say: "Like this, Our Aydt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, 

signs, revelations, etc.) came unto you, but you disregarded them (i.e. you 

left them, did not think deeply in them, and you turned away from them), 

and so this day, you will be neglected (in the Hell fire, away from Allah 's 

Mercy). " 

And thus do We requite him who transgresses beyond bounds [i.e. commits 

the great sins and disobeys his Lord (Allah) and believes not in His 

Messengers, and His revealed Books, like this Qur an, etc.], and believes 

not in the Aydt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) 

of his Lord, and the torment of the Hereafter is far more severe and more 

lasting. 1 "' 

C|J ^— J4>!j ^i 1 hh^ 1 <i'sP (Ls^ 1 Io ^-* ij ^1j S'cr'J 

And whoever is blind in this world (i.e., does not see Allah's signs and 
believes not in Him), will be blind in the Hereafter, and more astray from 
the Path." 2 

That which is rational can surely be assimilated by the Aql 



Something that is rational can surely be perceived by the Aql, because within 
the Aql of 'mankind' there is the factor of the heart's belief. The Aql of 'mankind' 
functions better whenever the element of the heart's belief is good, pure and maintains 
faith. 

10:5 Allah explains the signs of his oneness and authority to those people 

29:43 who understand; and those people who have knowledge (Tim), use 

their Aql, are able to understand it. 



It is He who made the sun a shining thing and the moon as a light and 
measured out its (their) stages, that you might know the number of years 
and the reckoning. Allah did not create this but in truth. He explains the 
Aydt (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail for 
people who have knowledge.'" 



111 Surah "Ta Ha (20), ayat 124-127. 

112 Surah Al Isra' (20), ayah 72. 

113 Surah Yunus (10), ayah 5. 



Page | 279 



'£ OjlL*l\ S/| Ljiaij l^j o" - '4 J ./* ai J-^^l -^19 

And these similitudes We put forward for mankind, but none will 
understand them except those who have knowledge (of Allah and his signs, 

etc.)."" 

14:52 Al Quran is the elucidation for 'mankind' in order that those who 

13:19 use their Aql will absorb and take heed of the knowledge therein; 

and truly, those people who utilize their Aql will gain knowledge. 

,-<«...«.*>? » „ - ' ,*( . ,-. . ■ , <'»','., 



7Mv ( Qur an) is a message for mankind (and a clear proof against them), in 
order that they may be warned thereby, and that they may know that He is 
the Only one Hah (God - Allah) - (none has the right to be worshipped but 
Allah), and that men of understanding may take heed."" 

, t \ tf , i E ^g f a „ . Bjt ^ ,, I _ tf g ,( 

l^Jjl JTJJL) \lc\ ^ft-pl jA ry£ (jp-l li-LjJ -^a dXJ] Jjjl L«jl ja-uu [>-«JI * 

Sfta// «e fnew who knows that what has been revealed unto you (O 
Mu ammad M)from your Lord is the Truth be like him who is blind? But it 
is only the men of understanding that pay heed." 6 

3:190-191 The characteristics of those who utilize their Aql (Ulu-1 al Bab - 

<_~LJ 2 1 IjJjl) are of remembrance of Allah (with their hearts) and 

contemplation of the creation of the universe; they understand; they 
always pray and do not feel themselves released from restrictions 
and mistakes. 

^p y4VT j}i ^4i jt^jij jji uJ^ij ^j% o'yiu! ^k. ^ i_j,\ 

Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation 
of night and day, there are indeed signs for men of understanding. 
Those who remember Allah (always, and in prayers) standing, sitting, and 
lying down on their sides, and think deeply about the creation of the 



!14 Surah Al ' Ankabut (29), ayah 43. 
" ! Surah Ibrahim (14), ayah 52. 
"" Surah Al Ra'd (13), ayah 19. 

Page | 280 



heavens and the earth, (saying): "Our Lord! You have not created (all) this 
without purpose, Glory to You! (Exalted be You above all that they 
associate with You as partners). Give us salvation from the torment of the 
Fire. 8 ' 7 

7:179 Many of 'mankind' do not want to utilize their Aql, and this is to 

their own detriment with jahannam (f*&-^-- hell) as their place of 



And surely, We have created many ofthejinns and mankind for Hell. They 
have hearts wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they 
see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). They are 
like cattle, Nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones. 8 ' 8 



The Relationship of Ilm, Aql, and the Heart 



From the explanations of the two points above, it is clear that the essence of 
true knowledge is verified by the Aql and the function of Aql is verified by the heart. 
Thus, the essence of true knowledge is from the heart. Whoseever's heart is open to 
receiving Islam and is always faithful, then Allah will bestow His teachings and guidance 
(upon them) of the difference between right and wrong, making it easier to determine true 
knowledge and its acquisition. 

6:125 The guidance of Allah is for those people who have opened their 

66:8 hearts to Islam; for them will be light around them; 



And whomsoever Alladh wills to guide, He opens his breast to Islam, and 
whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes his breast closed and 
constricted, as if he is climbing up to the sky. Thus Allah puts the wrath on 
those who believe not. 8 " 



' Surah Al'Imran (3), ayat 190-191. 
' Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 179. 
' Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 125. 



Page | 281 



^jjTj ^ i ST ts^fr Si r >; j4iSff i^i ^ ^/ci jU=I^j ^lif- 

b^jj LU *-*jI Ujj 0>!j^ p-f-^Wi fr-^' ^J-^H tA^ (»-*-> J- 1 -"*-*-* '>-■'* 

You who believe! Turn to Allah with sincere repentance! It may he that 
your Lord will remit from you your sins, and admit you into gardens under 
which rivers flow (Paradise) the Day that Allah will not disgrace the 
Prophet (Mu ammad 0) and those who believe with him, their light will 
run forward before them and with (their records books of deeds) in their 
right hands they will say: "Our Lord! Keep perfect our light for us [and do 
not put it off' till we cross over the Sirat (a slippery bridge over the Hell) 
safely] and grant us forgiveness. Verily, You are Able to do All things. " s2 ° 

6:82 and whosoever has faith, then Allah will guide their hearts; 

It is those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and worship none but Him 
Alone) and confuse not their belief with ulm (wrong i.e. by worshipping 
others besides Allah), for them (only) there is security and they are the 
guided. 12 ' 

64:1 1 likewise, for those who seek His favour. 

%Ss* ^^Jjt JSC <UJlJ j<uli »L^ jJjLj rjtyi rj*j &\ CPk *\ i:u'0'' rr? s->U^' ^* 



No calamity befalls, but with the leave [i.e. decision and Qadar (Divine 
Preordainments)] of Allah, and whosoever believes in Allah, He guides his 
heart [to the true faith with certainty, i.e. what has befallen him was already 
written for him by Allah from the Qadar (Divine Preordainments)], and 
Allah is the All-Knower of everything." 22 

10:9 They will obtain guidance, wisdom, and the criterion for 

2:269 understanding and differentiating between what is true and what is 

8:29 false. 






820 Surah AlTahrim (66), ayah 8. 

821 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 82. 

822 Surah Al Taghabun (64), ayah 11. 



Page I 282 



Verily, those who believe [in the Oneness of Allah along with the six 
Articles of Faith, i.e. to believe in Allah, His angels, His Books, His 
Messengers, Day of Resurrection, and Al-Qadar (Divine Preordainments) - 
Islamic Monotheism], and do deeds of righteousness, their Lord will guide 
them through their faith; under them will flow rivers in the gardens of 
delight (Paradise)." 21 



1 J,y- 

He grants ikmah to whom He pleases, and he, to whom ikmah is granted, 
is indeed granted abundant good. But none remember (will receive 
admonition) except men of understanding." 24 

'jijuj iSilill. *, ^jxs- 'jjSiij [j\i'ji IxJ Jj^JjI \jisj o! Iji-ilJ .^jijill H-}i 

O you who believe! If you obey and fear Allah, He will grant you Furqan a 
criterion [(to judge between right and wrong), or (Makhraj, i.e. making a 
way for you to get out from every difficulty)], and will expiate for you your 
sins, and forgive you, and Allah is the Owner of the Great Bounty." 2 ' 



The Heart - Al Qalbu m^JI 

The Heart of 'mankind' is not constant 



The nature of 'mankind's' heart is to always waver back and forth - a state of 
fluctuation. Sometimes clean, strong in faith, illuminated, gracious, whilst sometimes it 
can become unclean, weak in faith, dark and secretive, blind, and hardened towards the 
truth. This is due to the influence of the Mala'ikat or Shaitan. 

6:1 10 Allah diverts the hearts of 'mankind'; sometimes faithful, sometimes 

turned around; sometimes hard, sometimes gracious. 

J»i;'l*k j[ ^_»jjjj i^ Jjl ^4j Ij~«Jj JJ US i-ay^ijlj %%.^±i\ "—-^J 

And We shall turn their hearts and their eyes away (from guidance), as they 
refused to believe therein for the first time, and We shall leave them in their 
trespass to wander blindly." 26 



J Surah Yunus (10), ayah 9. 
4 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 269. 
! Surah Al Anfil (8), ayah 29. 
* Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 1 10. 



Page I 283 



24:35 they are successful who receive the light of faith. Whilst those 

people 
85:19-20 who denounce Al Quran will not receive the emanation of the light 

of Allah; 

, ,_ .>, , m ..,-•- , , -,^ .«- .--.',>>*' 

Jlii ^ ^oj_>XJ "Uil iS^r. jy >J^ J_y J^ *- — »J J»J >!j >c??4 *xii ^^ J*V^ 

JgJ jLlc jjji, JSCj iblj ^ LsJL) JiL^I ibl -i-visj 

A/Za/i « rfie Zi'gfo o/7/ie heavens and the earth. The parable of His light is as 
(if there were) a niche and within it a lamp, the lamp is in glass, the glass as 
it were a brilliant star, lit from a blessed tree, an olive, neither of the east 
(i.e. neither it gets sun-rays only in the morning) nor of the west (i.e. nor it 
gets sun-rays only in the afternoon, but it is exposed to the sun all day long), 
whose oil would almost glow forth (of itself), though no fire touched it. 
Light upon light! Allah guides to His light whom He wills. And Allah sets 
forth parables for mankind, and Allah is All-Knower of everything.* 27 

Nay! the disbelievers (persisted) in denying (Prophet Mu ammad Mand his 
message of Islamic Monotheism). 

And Allah encompasses them from behind! (i.e. all their deeds are within 
His knowledge, and He will requite them for their deeds).* 2 * 

24:40 their hearts are closed. 

F* ' \> E < ' -,r * » »' -r ,*-*-*-,.*-' '*>>>> ** 

Or /Yfte state of a disbeliever] is like the darkness in a vast deep sea, 
overwhelmed with a great wave topped by a great wave, topped by dark 
clouds, darkness, one above another, if a man stretches out his hand, he can 
hardly see it! And he for whom Allah has not appointed light, for him there 
is no light.* 29 

47:24-25 Shaitan will easily tempt people who degenerate to disbelief after 

having had guidance manifested to them; 



8 " Surah Al NSr (24), ayah 35. 
828 Surah Al Buruj (85), ayat 19-20. 
8M Surah Al NCr (24), ayah 40. 



Page | 284 



Do tfiey nof then think deeply in the Qur an, or are their hearts locked up 
(from understanding it)? 

Verily, those who have turned hack (have apostated) as disbelievers after 
the guidance has been manifested to them, Shai an (Satan) has beautified 
for them (their false hopes), and (Allah) prolonged their term (age)."" 

22:52 Shaitan will enter into hearts which are diseased or hardened; and 

Shaitan is not capable of tempting the Prophets and Messengers. 

Never did We send a Messenger or a Prophet before you, but; when he did 
recite the Revelation or narrated or spoke, Shai an (Satan) threw (some 
falsehood) in it. But Allah abolishes that which Shai an (Satan) throws in. 
Then Allah establishes His Revelations. And Allah is All-Knower, 
All-Wise:' 1 ' 

The detriment to those who contaminate their hearts 



The detriment (loss) to those who contaminate (pollute) their hearts or souls is 
instigated or brought on by sinful and evil acts, with the result that they are blind and 
unable to receive guidance and admonition. Hearts such as these are easily enticed by 
Shaitan until eventually belief or faith is lost and they always follow the yearnings of their 
desires. 

91:7-10 Each and every heart or soul of 'mankind' has already been inspired 

83:12-15 with what is sinful and what is piety; those who transgress are those 

7:100 who corrupt themselves with false and evil acts. With such 

5:41 contaminated hearts, Allah seals their hearts so that they are blind 

and cannot be purified. 



And by Nafs ( Adam or a person or a soul, etc. ), and Him who perfected him 
in proportion; 

Then He showed him what is wrong for him and what is right for him; 
Indeed he succeeds who purifies his ownself (i.e. obeys and performs all 



" Surah Muhammad (47), ayat 24-25. 
1 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 52. 



Page I 285 



that Allah ordered, by following the true faith of Islamic Monotheism and 
by doing righteous good deeds). 

And indeed he fails who corrupts his ownself (i.e. disobeys what Allah has 
ordered by rejecting the true faith of Islamic Monotheism or by following 
polytheism, etc. or by doing every kind of evil wicked deeds).*' 2 

And none can deny it except every transgressor beyond bounds, (in 

disbelief oppression and disobedience of Allah, the sinner!) 

when Our Verses (of the Qur an) are recited to him he says: "Tales of the 

ancients! " 

Nay! but on their hearts is the Ran (covering of sins and evil deeds) which 

they used to earn. 

Nay! surely, they (evil-doers) will be veiled from seeing their Lord that 

Day." 31 

Is it not clear to those who inherit the earth in succession from its (previous) 
possessors, that had We willed, We would have punished them for their 
sins. And We seal up their hearts so that they hear not?" 34 

O Messenger (Mu ammad M)! Let not those who hurry to fall into disbelief 
grieve you, of such who say: "We believe" with their mouths but their 
hearts have no faith. And of the Jews are men who listen much and eagerly 
to lies - listen to others who have not come to you. They change the words 
from their places; they say, "If you are given this, take it, hut if you are not 



1 Surah Al Shams (91), ayat 7-10. 
5 Surah Mutaffifin (83), ayat 12-15. 
4 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 100. 



Page I 286 



given this, then beware! " And whomsoever Allah wants to put in Al Fitnah 
[error, because of his rejecting the faith], you can do nothing for him 
against Allah. Those are the ones whose hearts Allah does not want to 
purify (from disbelief and hypocrisy); for them there is a disgrace in this 
world, and in the Hereafter a great torment."" 

4:116-118 Shaitan always tries to trick 'mankind' into rejecting Allah; 

59:16 by misleading and conducting 'him' to Hell. 

Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with 
Him, but He forgives whom He pleases sins other than that, and whoever 
sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away. 
They (all those who worship others than Allah) invoke nothing but female 
deities besides Him (Allah), and they invoke nothing but Shai an (Satan), a 
persistent rebel! 

Allah cursed him. And he [Shai an (Satan)] said: "I will take an appointed 
portion of your slaves;" 16 

£j\b*\ ; \\ kLUl "<jj. <j! 3^ ')& llii ji £=\ Q^i^S Jli "il 'h\'-i\ jilS" 

(their allies deceived them) like Shai an (Satan), when he says to man: 
"Disbelieve in Allah. " But when (man) disbelieves in Allah, Shai an 
(Satan) says: "I am free of you, I fear Allah, the Lord of the Alamln 
(mankind, jinns and all that exists)! """ 

22:3-4 Indeed Shaitan is the enemy of 'mankind' , so one must deem him as 

35:6 the enemy; do not regard him as a friend or companion. 



And among mankind is he who disputes concerning Allah, without 
knowledge, and follows every rebellious (disobedient to Allah) Shai an 
(devil) (devoid of each and Every kind of good). 

For him (the devil) it is decreed that whosoever follows him, he will mislead 
him, and will drive him to the torment of the Fire."" 



833 Surah Al Ma" idah (5), ayah 4 1 . 

836 Surah AINisa (4), ayat 116-118. 

837 Surah Al Hashr (59), ayah 1 6. 

838 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayat 3-4. 



Page I 287 



O 

Surely, Shai an (Satan) is an enemy to you, so take (treat) him as an enemy. 
He only invites his izb (followers) that they may become the dwellers of the 
blazing Fire."" 

58:19 Shaitan can inspire 'mankind' to forget 'his' Lord; hinder 'mankind' 

from the true way; 

S/ifli an (Satan) has overtaken them. So he has made them forget the 
remembrance of Allah. They are the party of Shai an (Satan). Verily, it is 
the party of Shai an (Satan) that will be the losers!" 40 

7:16-17 Shaitan comes at one from the front, the back, the 

59:19-20 right, the left, and from every direction, until many 

of 'mankind' become ungrateful; 

(IblTs) said: "Because You have sent me astray, surely I will sit in wait 
against them (human beings) on Your Straight Path. 

Then I will come to them from before them and behind them, from their 
right and from their left, and You will not find most of them as thankful ones 
(i.e. they will not be dutiful to You). """ 

*^ C^5 ■~-LJ$ <i ■«'& i I *-A — *-LiJ j I 1^-^ij I \ g ' ■'* li *UJ I I j— J ^.4] 6 lyj jSsj ^J 

And fee not like those who forgot Allah (i.e. became disobedient to Allah) 
and He caused them to forget their ownselves, (let them to forget to do 
righteous deeds). Those are the Fdsiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah). 
Not equal are the dwellers of the Fire and the dwellers of the Paradise. It is 
the dwellers of Paradise that will be successful." 2 

36:60 and their place of seduction is Hell and its raging fire. 



839 Surah Fatir [or Al Malaikah] (35), ayah 6. 

840 Surah Al Mujadilah (58), ayah 19. 

841 Surah Al A'raf(7), ayat 16-17. 

842 Surah Al Hashr (59), ayat 19-20. 



Page I 288 



:'Tj: (yj!> jji _^5Xj j<tjj r^W*. II ljj_ju S/ ^_jl f Jl» [£±t iSOjJ JL^pI JLII * 

Did 1 not ordain for you, O Children of Adam, that you should not worship 
Shai an (Satan). Verily, he is a plain enemy to you."-" 

Successful are those who purify their hearts 



Successful are those who purify and cleanse their hearts with the light of faith, 
belief, and acts of purity. Hearts that are pure will always receive the guidance of Allah 
and it is not easy for them to be tempted by Shaitan into performing acts of denial and 
immorality. Eventually desires will be persistently controlled. 

91:9 Successful are those who purify their hearts with faith; who always 

87:14-15 remember Allah and the establishment of Prayer (As Salat - °j 1-^ay 

20:14 is one example of the realization of the remembrance of Allah. 



Indeed he succeeds who purifies his ownself (i.e. obeys and performs all 
that Allah ordered, by following the true faith of Islamic Monotheism and 
by doing righteous good deeds)." 44 



(Jjj l^ai «-4jJ J>-il yV) Jl;.; ^Jjj ^ iJjl JJ 

Indeed whosoever purifies himself (by avoiding polytheism and accepting 
Islamic Monotheism) shall achieve success, 

and remembers (glorifies) the name of his Lord (worships none but Allah), 
and prays (five compulsory prayers and Nawafil additional prayers)." 4 ' 



jjj iJjd=Ji sjiSjT^jlj ^jLZii til Vl iJj ^ 2if b'l [£>\ 

"Verily! I am Allah! La ilaha ilia Ana (none has the right to be worshipped 
but I), so worship Me, and perform A alat (Iqdmat-a - aldt) for My 
remembrance." 4 '' 

13:28 The heart is peaceful whenever it remembers Allah. 

87:8-10 With the result that Allah bestows guidance towards the easy way in 

life. 



fgj djjOli Q^jki Jji jd= Ju S)l JjI _fj-i ^-friji ov»fcj l_j^«l» oyJ' 

Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism), and 
whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allah, verily, in the 



843 Surah Ya Sin (36), ayah 60. 

844 Surah Al Shams (91), ayah 9. 

845 Siirah Al 'Ala(87),ayat 14-15. 

846 Surah Ta Ha (20), ayah 14. 



Page | 289 



remembrance of Allah do hearts find rest."" 

And We sMI mate easy for you (0 Mu ammad M) the easy way (i.e. the 

doing of righteous deeds). 

Therefore remind (men) in case the Reminder profits (them). 

The Reminder will he received by him who fears (Allah),.."" 

6:82 Those who have faith are those who have received the guidance of 

Allah. 



It is those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and Worship none but Him 
Alone) and confuse not their belief with ulm (wrong i.e. by worshipping 
others besides Allah), for them (only) there is security and they are the 
guided. 84 ' 

2:2 The guidance of Allah is found in Al Quran. 



This is the Book (the Qur an), whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to 
those who are Al-Muttaqun [the pious and righteous persons who fear 
Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has 
forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He 
has ordained)]. 1 "" 

2:185 Al Quran is a guidance for 'mankind'. 

Qliyiilj <^-Lfll qa c^i-uj ,_,. ill) — $-»-» O^^ 1 *=i tip 1 cSJil ijU"j j^- 
,,« ,<..*«; :-,'-->'< -- ' -, 1 "" >:-.','-.' >i- - -. -'. 

77ie month of Rama an in which was revealed the Qur an, a guidance for 
mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right 
and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the 
month (of Rama an i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Sawn 
(fasts) that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of 
days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other 
days. Allah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things 



m Surah AlRa'd (13), ayah 28. 
!4! Surah Al A'la (87), ayat 8-10. 

849 Surah Al An' am (6), ayah 82. 

850 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 2. 



Page | 290 



difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of 
days), and that you must magnify Allah [i.e. to say Takbir (Allahu-Akbar; 
Allah is the Most Great) on seeing the crescent of the months of Rama an 
and Shawwdl] for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him."" 

6:152-153 Remember, follow the straight path in order to be pious and do not 

follow other paths. 

J_^=Ji l_jjjlj joj-ii *ii> J^>- cj~~*~ ts? tff""* *! -*£0\ <y^* \yJ*J *3 

^j'ji li o^= >lj I^J-tplijUls lijj l4*^.j S/| LiAj iJiJSo Si U *,8lli jjlj. -Ilj 

"And come nof near to fne orphan 's property, except to improve it, until he 
(or she) attains the age of full strength; and give full measure and full 
weight with justice. We burden not any person, but that which he can bear. 
And whenever you give your word (i. e. judge between men or give evidence, 
etc.), say the Truth even if a near relative is concerned, and fulfdl the 
Covenant of Allah, this He commands you, that you may remember. 
"And Verily, this (i.e. Allah's Commandments mentioned in the above two 
verses 151 and 152) is My Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) 
paths, for they will separate you away from his Path. This He has ordained 
for you that you may become Al-Muttaqun """ 

22:32 Piety is in the heart and is established through deeds; 

7:175-176 and aspire to follow the guidance of Allah within Al Quran in order 

that one is not tempted by Shaitan. 

Thus it is. And whosoever honours the symbols of Allah, then it is truly from 
the piety of the heart."" 

^jA t^rXS ■ ',K. £J1 4Jt^jli 1 g^a ^tl^jli U^lj'i Ali^jli c£4]l Lj \ g^lc- Jjlj 



1 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 185. 

2 Surah Al An'am (6), ayat 152-153. 
1 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 32. 



Page | 291 



And recite (O Mu ammad 0) to them the story of him to whom We gave Our 
Ay at (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), but he 
threw them away, so Shai an (Satan) followed him up, and he became of 
those who went astray. 

And had We willed, We would surely have elevated him therewith but he 
clung to the earth and followed his own vain desire. So his description is the 
description of a dog: if you drive him away, he lolls his tongue out, or if you 
leave him alone, he (still) lolls his tongue out. Such is the description of the 
people who reject Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, 
revelations, etc.). So relate the stories, perhaps they may reflect."" 

38:82-83 Shaitan is incapable of tempting people who are sincere and faithful 

16:99 (sincere in their hearts and strong in faith). 



[IblTs (Satan)] said: "By Your Might, then I will surely mislead them all, 
"Except your chosen slaves amongst them (faithful, obedient, true believers 
of Islamic Monotheism). """ 



Verily! He has no power over those who believe and put their trust only in 
their Lord (Allah)." 6 



7:200-201 Because of this 'mankind' is always protected by Allah from the 

17:61-65 temptations of Shaitan. so that 'he' is not quick to fall into wrongful 

acts and sin. 



And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shai an (Satan) then seek refuge 
with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower. 

Verily, those who are Al-Muttaqun, when an evil thought comes to them 
from Shai an (Satan), they remember (Allah), and (indeed) they then see 
(aright)." 1 

C.ilC jV«J JjxZiV, Jli J~JjJ Sll IJ-lit— i jo"^ ljda«-LI j4ra t r l«ll Ills ijj 



854 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayat 175-176. 

855 Surah Sad (38), ayay 82-83. 

856 Siirah AINahl (16), ayah 99. 

857 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayat 200-201. 



Page | 292 



jj^i- ^_jli Xp* <LiLj Q^i 4-iil jLs J'TJ ">Lls SM 

S/ J j'K;"JI ti-*-4« '-•j ^-* J -?j JLtJj'iflj J'3-»"^l j ^-pjL-ij TIWjj i-U_i£ 

,;;J; : 5 %^=j <L&jj [__^i 2r^~ -+f^- -^ eW l£#^? o! JjJ bjt^ 

And (remember) when We said to the angels: "Prostrate unto Adam. " 
They prostrated except IblTs (Satan). He said: "Shall I prostrate to one 
whom You created from clay?" 

[IblTs (Satan)] said: "See? This one whom You have honoured above me, if 
You give me respite (keep me alive) to the Day of Resurrection, I will surely 
seize and mislead his offspring (by sending them astray) all but a few!" 
(Allah) said: "Go, and whosoever of them follows you, surely! Hell will be 
the recompense of you (all) an ample recompense. 

"And Istafziz [literally means: befool them gradually] those whom you can 
among them with your voice (i.e. songs, music, and any other call for 
Allah's disobedience), make assaults on them with your cavalry and your 
infantry, mutually share with them wealth and children (by tempting them 
to earn money by illegal ways usury, etc., or by committing illegal sexual 
intercourse, etc.), and make promises to them. " But Satan promises them 
nothing but deceit. 

"Verily! My slaves (i.e the true believers of Islamic Monotheism), you have 
no authority over them. And All-Sufficient is your Lord as a Guardian. " S5S 

Natural appetite or desire - Nafsu o**' 

An Nafsu-1-amniarah bis-sii' (the constantly urging desire 
towards iniquity or the baser self [of man] that incites to evil) 



This desire is always free from compliance and does not want to oppose, in 
fact it obediently submits towards the desire of lust and the call of Shaitan. 

12:53 This form of nafsu always orders or urges oneself towards evil 

except if one has the Mercy of Allah bestowed upon 'him'. 

» t „ >- * E - * i - " tt - - 1 - * E • , ' .A -, 

,<»j-j jyti- (jj OJ ijj -i-=~J L« Sfj s>iJL> 5jL«M J~iJI o! (i^J iSj>) "j * 



"And I free not myself (from the blame). Verily, the (human) self is inclined 
to evil, except when my Lord bestows His Mercy (upon whom He wills). 
Verily, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. '""' 



« Surah Al Isra' (17), ayat 61-65. 
' Surah YCsuf(12), ayah 53. 



Page | 293 



45:23 Many are there amongst 'mankind' who have taken their lusts as 

gods (submit and follow them). 

JjL?-j ^^r^J ^^r^ (J^ ^~3 ->-^ (1^ *^' ^J-^'i <jjA jd-£lJl S^-\ ry* e-oij3l 

Have you seen him who takes his own lust (vain desires) as his Hah (God), 
and Allah knowing (him as such), left him astray, and sealed his hearing 
and his heart, and put a cover on his sight. Who then will guide him after 
Allah? Will you not then remember?' 60 

25:43-44 'mankind' who are like this are lower than cattle which only rely 

upon desire alone; 

<jl V ~~^~ (*' C^l' : '^W4 == J ^^ Oy^> O-jLil 4jjJb >A-$±)\ J^-\ jj-a C-Jftjl 



Zfave you (0 M« ammad M) seen him who has taken as his Ilah (God) his 

own desire? Would you then be a Wakil (a disposer of his affairs or a 

watcher) over him? 

Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like 

cattle; Nay, they are even farther astray from the Path. (i.e. even worst than 

cattle)."' 

7:178-179 because they do not want to utilize their senses or their 'Aql to 

understand the truth; 

. , ,,-*,>, -i- u ,,,** ,- ," 

"V Oi^' pAj 'r dj>fr"J "^ 4^ p-* Lr^^i iS4"' -£L^ ^^ -^W 

Whomsoever Allah guides, he is the guided one, and whomsoever He sends 
astray, those! they are the losers. 

And surely, We have created many ofthejinns and mankind for Hell. They 
have hearts wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they 
see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). They are 
like cattle, Nay even more astray; those! they are the heedless ones." 2 

28:50 Whomsoever has gone astray will not be able to obtain His guidance. 



860 Surah Al Jathiyah (45), ayah 23. 

861 Surah Al Furqan (25), ayat 43-44. 

862 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayat 178-179. 

Page I 294 



jj-A *_jj I ,')-«-* (U^' ['rVJ rt-Af lj-*l ^ ■ j »y^J L«j I ^Jc-Ls l^Jj 



^p^ajiji ^jiii tjj^: "i 



-Oil . . jl *il 




Bw« if they answer you not (i.e. do not believe in your doctrine of Islamic 
Monotheism, nor follow you), then know that they only follow their own 
lusts. And who is more astray than one who follows his own lusts, without 
guidance from Allah? Verily! Allah guides not the people who are alimun 
(wrong-doers, disobedient to Allah, and polytheists)."" 

4:135 For this reason do not follow desires without knowledge, because it 

30:29 will deviate one from the truth. It is necessary to know and 

remember 
38:26 that lust will mislead 'mankind' from the path of Allah. 



^ijJ'^Jl jl iSC-viji ^Js- yij ^JJ ftl-t^i, Ur.^flJb iji^lyS \y<f l^als 0^' K-Pi * 
Olj 1_jJjj>j oi tfjil IjJtJj S<i Li-p J^l *iili [fiii jl li~fc ^ *. ^3 o! OK/"^'J 

^5 [/>*>■ ^^UjO LL> ^15 *UJl ^Ls Ij^j^^j j I Ij^Ij 

You who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as witnesses to Allah, even 
though it be against yourselves, or your parents, or your kin, be he rich or 
poor, Allah is a better protector to both (than you). So follow not the lusts 
(of your hearts), lest you may avoid justice, and if you distort your witness 
or refuse to give it, verily, Allah is ever Well Acquainted with what you 
do.' 64 

Way, fowf ffto.se wfto do wrong follow their own lusts without knowledge, 
then who will guide him whom Allah has sent astray? And for such there 
will be no helpers."" 

1 j— i L«j J_) Jjl cIjI j_p ^J *UJl J^-« ,-*£ Qj I »ga J ^ijjl O! ^' Jj; ■» qP li U tga-j 

O Dawud (David)! Verily! We have placed you as a successor on earth, so 
judge you between men in truth (and justice) and follow not your desire for 
it will mislead you from the Path of Allah. Verily! those who wander astray 
from the Path of Allah (shall) have a severe torment, because they forgot 



863 Surah Al Qasas (28), ayah 50. 

864 Surah Al Nisi' (4), ayah 135. 

865 Surah Al Rum (30), ayah 29. 



Page | 295 



the Day of Reckoning." 66 

An Nafsil-lawwamah (self-reproaching desire) 

This particular aspect of desire is not yet complete in its development because 
whilst it always defies or is contrary to evil, it can, in a moment of neglectful or careless 
devotion towards Allah, result in it being blemished, reproached and compromised. 

75:1-5 I swear by the Day of Resurrection; and I swear by the 

79:37-41 self-reproaching person. Does man think that We shall not assemble 

his bones? Yes, We are Able to put together in perfect order the tips 
of his fingers. Nay! he desires to continue committing sins. 



/ swear by the Day of Resurrection; 

and I swear by the self-reproaching person (a believer). 

Does man (a disbeliever) think that We shall not assemble his bones? 

Yes, We are Able to put together in perfect order the tips of his fingers. 

Nay! (man denies resurrection and reckoning. So) he desires to continue 

committing sins." 67 

77ien, /or /iim w/io aghfl (transgressed all bounds, in disbelief, oppression 

and evil deeds of disobedience to Allah). 

And preferred the life of this world (by following his evil desires and lusts), 

Verily, his abode will be Hell-fire; 

But as for him who feared standing before his Lord, and restrained himself 

from impure evil desires, and lusts. 

Verily, Paradise will be his abode." 6 " 

An Nafsu-1-mutnia'innah (composed desire or the soul at 
peace) 



This form of desire is calm and composed towards certain issues and far 
removed from the instability caused by the various challenges and whisperings of 



"Surah Sad (38), ayah 26. 

' Surah Al Qiyamah (75), ayat 1-5. 

8 Surah Al Nazi'at (79), ayat 37-41. 



Page | 296 



Shaitan. 

12:53 Do not permit desires that always beckon towards evil, except those 

desires that holds mercy from Allah. 

,<»j-j j_>ifc ^j o! "jj J>-=~J L" "^! ;3-i-"-> 5jL"*^ J~^-J' o! (i^J c^jjl "j * 



"And I free not myself (from the blame). Verily, the (human) self is inclined 
to evil, except when my Lord bestows His Mercy (upon whom He wills). 
Verily, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. ""•'' 

41:30 In order that this desire carries the mercy of 

Allah, 'mankind' must hold firmly to their convictions towards 
Allah; always sincere in every deed; 

C2^ -^^uj-^y *££ jJ ^-^-L; ijj^^juiij Ijjj^- 

Verily, those who say: "Our Lord is Allah (Alone), " and then they 
Istaqamu, on them the angels will descend (at the time of their death) 
(saying): "Fear not, nor grieve! but receive the glad tidings of paradise 
which you have been promised!" 70 

23:57-6 1 and always remember that one returns to Him; always be faithful and 

fearful (of Allah) in order 
10:62-64 that one receives peace and happiness in life. 

SjfJ Opv~ li ^»j o^il 4 ojp/JjiiiljiJjl ijjj by^r'j }-fj 

Verily! those who live in awe for fear of their Lord; 

and those who believe in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, 

revelations, etc.) of their Lord, 

and those who join not anyone (in worship) as partners with their Lord; 

and those who give that (their charity) which they give (and also do other 

good deeds) with their hearts full of fear (whether their alms and charities, 

etc., have been accepted or not), because they are sure to return to their 

Lord (for reckoning). 

It is these who race for the good deeds, and they are foremost in them [e.g. 

offering the compulsory aldt (prayers) in their (early) stated, fixed times 

and so on]."' 



! " Surah YCsuf (12), ayah 53. 

8,0 Surah Fussilat (41), ayah 30. 

871 Surah AlMu'minun (23), ayat 57-61. 



Page | 297 



~'i 



No doubt! Verily, the Auliya ' of Allah [i. e. those who believe in the Oneness 
of Allah and fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds 
which He has forbidden), and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good 
deeds which He has ordained)], no fear shall come upon them nor shall 
they grieve , - 

Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism), and 
used to fear Allah much (by abstaining from evil deeds and sins and by 
doing righteous deeds). 

For them are glad tidings, in the life of the present world (i.e. righteous 
dream seen by the person himself or shown to others), and in the Hereafter. 
No change can there be in the Words of Allah, this is indeed the supreme 
success." 72 

79:40-41 A person who perfects 'his' faith and restrains 'himself from the 

desires of 'his' lusts will be granted Paradise. 

(Jfj (£jUJI ^ ixi-\ 0\i (:Jj; t£jil (jt- J~iJI Ljfjj ^*i3 j>U-« t3l=- ^ Clj 

But as for him who feared standing before his Lord, and restrained himself 
from impure evil desires, and lusts. 
Verily, Paradise will be his abode." 71 

89:27-30 With a soul of composed desire, 'mankind' will return to Him 

satisfied and favoured by Him. 

(it will be said to the pious): "O (you) the one in (complete) rest and 

satisfaction! 

"Come back to your Lord, well-pleased (yourself) and well-pleasing unto 

him! 

"Enter you, then, among My honoured slaves, 

"And enter you My Paradise!"" 74 

Spirit or Soul - RQh £j j 



! ' 2 Surah YCnus (10), ayat 62-64. 
s " Surah AINazi'at (79), ayat 40-41. 
8,4 Surah Al Fajr (89), ayat 27-30. 



Page I 298 



Deliberation of the Run 



Speaking about the soul or Ruh is extremely complicated, because there are 
many terms that are used, which are mutual and cannot simply be separated just like that. 
The various terms, as discussed above, are Ruh, Aql, nafsu, and the heart. That which 
has been discussed, only involves circumstances or characteristics and not the question of 
its essence, because Allah Himself has declared: 

17:85 

And ;«e;y a.sA: yow fO Mm ammad M) concerning the Ru (the Spirit); say: 
"The Ru (the Spirit): it is one of the things, the knowledge of which is only 
with my Lord. And of knowledge, you (mankind) have been given only a 
little. "'" 



The condition of the Ruh 

The state/status of 'mankind's' Ruh is from the time that it was blown into 
their bodies until the Last Day 

32:7-9 Allah breathes the Ruh into His creation, into the bodies 

of 'mankind' at the time they are still in the wombs. 

Who made everything He has created good, and He began the creation of 

man from clay. 

Then He made his offspring from semen of worthless water (male and 

female sexual discharge). 

Then He fashioned him in due proportion, and breathed into him the Ru 

(the soul created by Allah for that person), and He gave you hearing (ears), 

sight (eyes) and hearts. Little is the thanks you give!"' 

7:172-174 Allah takes the testimony of the soul regarding the Oneness of Allah; 



> Surah Allsra (17), ayah 85. 
' Surah Al Sajdah (32), ayat 7-9. 



Page | 299 



^% Q^-OIS- I jj_& q£ l-.^-a bl ^llfljl *^j I^J^ij ^j_ji b'j_g_i ^J iyii *5sJ^J 

Jjti Lx. liSQ^sl ^-A^Jtj ^ ^jji U^=j (Jls ^ lijb'ls ^Jywl IjM I^J^Sj jl 

Jjjj ^L>J*^ri f-J^J s^"5" J4 uL ' ^'-^j © bj-^-*- 11 

And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, 
from their loins, their seed (or from Adam's loin his offspring) and made 
them testify as to themselves (saying): "Am I not your Lord?" They said: 
"Yes! we testify, " lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection: "Verily, 
we have been unaware of this. " 

Or lest you should say: "It was only our fathers afortime who took others as 
partners in worship along with Allah, and we were (merely their) 
descendants after them; will You then destroy us because of the deeds of 
men who practised Al-Bd il (i.e. polytheism and committing crimes and 
sins, invoking and worshipping others besides Allah) ? " 
Thus do We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, 
revelations, etc.) in detail, so that they may turn (unto the truth)." 7 

3:185-186 and Allah inspires the soul with what is sinful and what is piety; and 

Allah tests them with good and evil; and every soul shall feel death. 

* ' ** , f i 5w > tit = £ 

cji'i '^=^ cjt v^^' 'jjj' Qi^ o^ ~^J^"~-'i i-6=a-jjlj ^=J'3jI t_j 
C^jj- 1 ^'-^^ o? -^-4'* o!^ !>^jj 'jv^j oI3 U^" — sii ijSjrii ^ly-^' 

Everyone shall taste death. And only on the Day of Resurrection shall you 
be paid your wages in full. And whoever is removed away from the Fire and 
admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful. The life of this world is only 
the enjoyment of deception (a deceiving thing). 

You shall certainly be tried and tested in your wealth and properties and in 
your personal selves, and you shall certainly hear much that will grieve you 
from those who received the Scripture before you (Jews and Christians) and 
from those who ascribe partners to Allah, but if you persevere patiently, 
and become Al-Muttaqun then verily, that will be a determining factor in all 
affairs, and that is from the great matters, [which you must hold on with all 
your efforts]." 8 

39:42 It is Allah who holds the souls of 'mankind' at the time they sleep 

and at the time they die. 



1 -p^ ls^ cjj 1 ' ^i'"^ U^ ti^-* 2 ^ <jj"j L fe3 J os?- J- 4 ^' jy-i 



«&i 



177 Surah Al A*raf(7), ayat 172-174. 
!7! Surah Al Imran (3), ayat 185-186 



Page I 300 



Jij&H Sjii C-4M jO'i (J o] ^li Ji-I Jjj dsji-MI J-sXS ^J-*- 11 



/f i.v AWa/i who takes away the souls at the time of their death, and those that 
die not during their sleep. He keeps those (souls) for which He has ordained 
death and sends the rest for a term appointed. Verily, in this are signs for a 
people who think deeply." 7 ' 

56:83-89 And whenever Allah takes the soul of a person, there is no being 

whatsoever which can return it to its location. 



Then why do you not (intervene) when (the soul of a dying person) reaches 

the throat? 

And you at the moment are looking on, 

But We (i.e. Our angels who take the soul) are nearer to him than you, but 

you see not, 

then why do you not, if you are exempt from the reckoning and recompense 

(punishment, etc.) 

bring back the soul (to its body), if you are truthful? 

Then, if he (the dying person) be of the Muqarrabun (those brought near to 

Allah), 

(there is for him) rest and provision, and a garden of delights (Paradise). 81 " 

81:14 On the Day of Judgement the souls of 'mankind' will know what it is 

that they did at the time of 
82:5 their being on the earth and Allah will complete 

3:185 their blessings in accordance with their own deeds, 

3:25 and they will be accorded what they earned and not treated unjustly. 

(Then) every person will know what he has brought (of good and evil)."" 

(Then) a person will know what he has sent forward and (what he has) left 
behind (of good or bad deeds)."" 2 



" Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 42. 

Surah Al Waqi'ah (56), ayat 83-89. 

1 Surah Al Takwir (81), ayah 14. 

2 Surah Al Infltar (82), ayah 5. 



Page I 301 



CSS JJL^' (^~* '! tf ■*!' 8_jjs«Jl lij jli JL&i ilijl JJ>olj jllll 

Everyone shall taste death. And only on the Day of Resurrection shall you 
he paid your wages in full. And whoever is removed away from the Fire and 
admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful. The life of this world is only 
the enjoyment of deception (a deceiving thing)."" 

How (will it be) when We gather them together on the Day about which 
there is no doubt (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). And each person will be 
paid in full what he has earned? And they will not be dealt with unjustly."" 

Killing the Soul (of someone) 

17:33 Do not kill anyone except for a just cause. 

.- .. ^ 

iQ% ^L^— sllj aJ^s>^ (jIT j<g] ^jJI I^j^Sj "b/j 

And come not near to the unlawful sexual intercourse. Verily, it is a 
Fa ishah [i.e. anything that transgresses its limits (a great sin)], and an 
evil way (that leads one to Hell unless Allah forgives him)."" 

4:92 Killing someone by mistake is also restricted. 

ybj 15CI jJ_P ^o^5 ^ ^_J^ 0\* !j 5 ' ^aJ 0' "^! ^4^1 Jjl S.s.L.^a 4_OJ 4~a>° 
4_) JJ (V~-a ^a g ' I j j ^ *~~3 ' i J v°VS tV* ^_J^= Ol3 ^^J-* ^"^J J^J* 6 ^ 1^3"* 

/f is not for a believer to kill a believer except (that it be) by mistake, and 
whosoever kills a believer by mistake, (it is ordained that) he must set free a 
believing slave and a compensation (blood money, i.e Diya) be given to the 
deceased's family , unless they remit it. If the deceased belonged to a people 
at war with you and he was a believer; the freeing of a believing slave (is 



883 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 185. 

884 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 25. 

885 Surah Al Isra (17), ayah 33. 



Page | 302 



prescribed), and if he belonged to a people with whom you have a treaty of 
mutual alliance, compensation (blood money - Diya) must be paid to his 
family, and a believing slave must be freed, and whoso finds this (the 
penance of freeing a slave) beyond his means, he must fast for two 
consecutive months in order to seek repentance from Allah. And Allah is 
ever All Knowing, All Wise."" 6 

4:93-94 Do not kill a Muslim or Mu'min (Li« jl - believer); because of this 

one must take careful measures in warfare. 

, J - ,'^ ^ -- _ > , ' s ~ > - ' ' ^ * * f " r'°* " ' ' ' ' ' 

Lo-Ajl SaJj-eJI ii3jp ,-laJlXjJ Uw4j^ C-~~J .1 ' I .Tj I . X [-Jj /jiJ I ,-j-«J IjJaJlJ 



And whoever kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell to abide 
therein, and the wrath and the curse of Allah are upon him, and a great 
punishment is prepared for him. 

O You who believe! When you go (to fight) in the Cause of Allah, verify (the 
truth), and say not to anyone who greets you (by embracing Islam): "You 
are not a believer"; seeking the perishable goods of the worldly life. There 
are much more profits and booties with Allah. Even as he is now, so were 
you yourselves before till Allah conferred on you His favours (i.e. guided 
you to Islam), therefore, be cautious in discrimination. Allah is ever 
Well Aware of what you do."" 7 

6:151 Do not kill a child or children for fear of poverty when the case is 

that 
17:31 it is Allah that distributes fortune. 



"-* ■ *** - •* * * * * t - > ^ '* * * .- '.. £ ' f l° ' -" 

J^-''ji}\ \y,jLi Mj ^_a> t-513 p-^Aiy Cr*^ &^*\ -JLj? (<-^=- 1J -'j' \j>o£J Mj 

Say (O Mu ammad 0): "Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited 
you from: join not anything in worship with Him; be good and dutiful to 
your parents; kill not your children because of poverty - We provide 



186 Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 92. 

187 Siirah Al Nisa' (4), ayat 93-94. 



Page | 303 



sustenance for you and for them; come not near to Al-Fawd ish (shameful 
sins, illegal sexual intercourse, etc.) whether committed openly or secretly, 
and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden, except for a just cause 
(according to Islamic law). This He has commanded you that you may 
understand.""" 



And kill not your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for 
you. Surely, the killing of them is a great sin."" 9 

4:97 Do not oppress one another, and do not commit suicide. 

4:29 

j Qtlji^nJ-j US* \ji\i iuS* lj \ji\i ^^1 Is?-}^ SSLlUJl »-&iy jiJJI o! 



Verily! as for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are 
wronging themselves (as they stayed among the disbelievers even though 
emigration was obligatory for them), they (angels) say (to them): "In what 
(condition) were you?" They reply: "We were weak and oppressed on 
earth. " They (angels) say: "Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for 
you to emigrate therein ? " Such men will find their abode in Hell - what an 
evil destination!"" 

O You who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves unjustly 
except it be a trade amongst you, by mutual consent, and do not kill 
yourselves (nor kill one another). Surely, Allah is Most Merciful to you."" 

2 : 1 95 Do not throw yourself into destruction. 



And spend in the Cause of Allah (i.e. Jihad of all kinds, etc.) and do not 
throw yourselves into destruction (by not spending your wealth in the Cause 



888 Surah Al An' am (6), ayah 151. 
88 ' Surah Al Isra' (17), ayah 31. 

890 Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 97. 

891 Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 29. 



Page | 304 



of Allah), and do good. Truly, Allah loves Al-Mu sinun (the good-doers). 1 ' 

The soul and nobility of mankind' 



The nobility of 'mankind' in the sight of Allah is determined by the soul of 
'man' 'himself (aql, heart, rational, and nafsu) and the guidance of Allah. 

13:37 People who have knowledge or intellect are capable of restraining 

their desires. 

lLU L. ^i»JI ^jA j]'i\i- C.JLJU ~Js \ \^J> I O-x-o I ^Jj ^-ii/^ USCs- AiUjll iliij JSj 

@ j-J'j *fe J3 o? ^' o* 

And fnu.v nave We sen/ if (7fte Qur an) down to be a judgement of authority 
in Arabic. Were you (O Mu ammad to follow their (vain) desires after 
the knowledge which has come to you, then you will not have any Wally 
(protector) or defender against Allah."'" 

17:36 Do not involve yourself in something that you have no knowledge 

of. 

4^P o <i-ljljj I J5 } I JjL! IJ ^ya ■ I IJ *_«_^J I ^ I ^*1& ^dj kill .^J b ^JLflJ ^J 

(CO 2j^~« 

And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not, etc.) that of 
which you have no knowledge (e.g. one's saying: "I have seen, " while in 
fact he has not seen, or "I have heard, " while he has not heard). Verily! the 
hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned 
(by Allah)."" 

53:29-30 So turn away from people who follow their desires, and who have no 

knowledge. 

fjjj c]£jsjb\ qa-i JLltl 'jjbj ^aL_« ^ J-i ^-> Js-\ j-* ^~U 0\ j«-^' 

Therefore withdraw (O Mu ammad 0)from him who turns away from Our 
Reminder (this Qur an) and desires nothing but the life of this world. 
That is what they could reach of knowledge. Verily, your Lord it is He who 
knows best him who goes astray from His path, and He knows best him who 
receives guidance." 9 ' 



8,2 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 195. 
'"SQrahAlRa'd (13), ayah 37. 
8,4 Surah Al Isra' (17), aySh 36. 
! " Surah An Najm (53), ayat 29-30. 



Page | 305 



45:18 Allah sets forth a precise path in the matter of religion, in order 

that 'mankind' follows it so that the desires of people without 
knowledge are not followed. 

77i«n We /lave p«f yow fO Mm ammad 0) on a plain way of (Our) 
Commandment [like the one which We commanded Our Messengers before 
you (i.e. legal ways and laws of the Islamic Monotheism)]. So follow you 
that (Islamic Monotheism and its laws), and follow not the desires of those 
who know not." 6 

7: 1 75 It is already fitting that 'mankind' should follow the legislation from 

Allah so that 'he' is not tempted by Shaitan. 

^jA t^lSsS - '.K. £*J1 ^"-jjli 1 g^a ?rj~- jlj L^j'i Ali-Jjli ^£4jl Lj * g ip (_plj 

And recite (O Mu ammad ) to them the story of him to whom We gave Our 
Ay at (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), but he 
threw them away, so Shai an (Satan) followed him up, and he became of 
those who went astray.'" 7 

49:13 The persons amongst 'mankind' who are most noble in the sight of 

Allah are those who are pious (taqwa - lS J*). 

O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you 
into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most 
honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one 
of 'the Muttaqun] Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All- Aw are." 8 

22:32 Indeed piety emerges from the heart. 

(JjJ i_jjiAJ I — i'yij qa Lgjli Ai!l J^jLi ijiij q*j liU'i 

Thus it is. And whosoever honours the symbols of Allah, then it is truly from 
the piety of the heart."'"' 

21:1 A Indeed Allah knows what is hidden and what is revealed in the hearts 

of 'mankind'. 



* Surah Al Jathiyah (45), ayah 18. 
' Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 175. 
s Surah Al Hujurat (49), ayah 1 3. 
' Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 32. 



Page | 306 



An</ verily, your Lord knows what their breasts conceal and what they 
reveal. 9 " 

2:284 Allah knows the levels of piety of the various people and calculates 

the deeds of 'mankind'. 

*5vJ^« Lc«j flj^J>eJ 3 1 »- — =i~oi3 I 73 La I 3 -Cj ^jU j^>j V I fi LaJ *— •'V 1 "J I ,5 La «d) 

^;: Jj^i cTgii J-^= (^ ^JJ'3 **-~i(V ^-^i i^~i<y°4. j£*-£ ^' 5^ 

To Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is on the earth, and 
whether you disclose what is in your ownselves or conceal it, Allah will call 
you to account for it. Then He forgives whom He wills and punishes whom 
He wills. And Allah is Able to do all things. 901 

The Body - Jasmani &*•*'*■ 

The body of 'mankind' is exemplary in form 

64:3 He has made the shape of 'mankind' good; 

^|J j0 ^i^JI 4JJ3 Jj'yp cr~*~^ ^Jy^'i (j£*"9 u^J^'J o'ju—JI |jl=- 

He has created the heavens and the earth with truth, and He shaped you 
and made good your shapes, and to Him is the final return. 9 " 1 

95 :4 with the best of statures; 

7"7; j^iysd -~~ _3-l 7^ ^-j"^l LLiils- jjlI 

Verily, We created man of the best stature (mould),.. 903 

16:78 completed it with the senses and the heart, in order that one is 

grateful; 



">° Surah Al Naml (27), ayah 74. 

901 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 284. 

902 Surah Al Taghabun (64), ayah 3. 
m Surah Al Tin (95), ayah 4. 



Page | 307 



3; ^Jjj&Z iXliJ SOii^lj 

And Allah has brought you out from the wombs of your mothers while you 
know nothing, and He gave you hearing, sight, and hearts that you might 
give thanks (to Allah). 9 " 

l&.l-'i but many of 'mankind' are clearly in denial, disbelievers and 

ungrateful*" 

Ven'/y, We wave created man from Nufah drops of mixed semen (discharge 
of man and woman), in order to try him, so We made him hearer, seer. 
Verily, We showed him the way, whether he be grateful or ungrateful.'""' 

'Mankind' themselves will bear witness to themselves 



75:13-15 On the Day of Resurrection 'mankind' will testify and be responsible 

for their deeds for the time they were on the earth. 
Moreover, 'mankind' will bear witness against 'himself, despite 
insinuating all manner of reasons. 



On that Day man will be informed of what he sent forward (of his evil or 
good deeds), and what he left behind (of his good or evil traditions). 
Nay! man will be a witness against himself [as his body parts (skin, hands, 
legs, etc.) will speak about his deeds]. 
Though he may put forth his excuses (to cover his evil deeds). 9 " 7 

6:130 Because of that do not follow something or someone blindly, or 

follow something without knowledge thereof. 

^jjj-^j es^-'' i * ^* n J c O j '•-'":. y*^-; J—j *t>>->,h >•-" (j—^'j Jrr' j&*-^t 

^Js- Ij-LfLj tf- L " 5jliJl JLfJ^Pj LL-ijI ^Js- b'jLji l_^JLs I jj-i iSC?jJ sL&J 



904 Surah Al Nahl (16), ayah 78. 

905 Refer to paqe.25... 'Mankind's knowledge comes from Allah and it is very limited. 
"" Surah Al 'Insan [or Al Dahr] (76), ayat 2-3. 

"" Surah Al Qiyamah (75), ayat 13-15. 



Page | 308 



O You assembly of j inns and mankind! "Did not there come to you 
messengers from amongst you, reciting unto you My Verses and warning 
you of the Meeting of this Day of yours?" They will say: "We bear witness 
against ourselves. " It was the life of this world that deceived them. And they 
will bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers. 90 " 

17:36 Indeed, hearing, sight, the heart, the tongue, the feet, and the skin 

will become witnesses against oneself. 

'iff - f^ »* * a E " ' " » ' ' 



And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not, etc.) that of 
which you have no knowledge (e.g. one's saying: "I have seen, " while in 
fact he has not seen, or "I have heard, " while he has not heard). Verily! the 
hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned 
(by Allah). 909 

24:24 Every soul will be called upon to be accountable in 

4 1 : 1 9-23 front of Allah later. 

74:38 

On the Day when their tongues, their hands, and their legs or feet will bear 
witness against them as to what they used to do. 9 ' 

ypi. l^L Lijjti Li lij l£- j|j o^jy. (LJj jiln J] *iii i\jJ-\'jis4 'fy.i 

y^.y ^jlli ci^r^' J£*-^ ^4'^i CU : 0>'-« J ^ LL« U^" J»-^ "^ ^' 0' J»^-^ 

And (remember) the Day that the enemies of Allah will be gathered to the 

Fire, so they will be collected there (the first and the last). 

Till, when they reach it (Hell-fire), their hearing (ears) and their eyes, and 

their skins will testify against them as to what they used to do. 

And they will say to their skins, "Why do you testify against us? " They will 

say: "Allah has caused us to speak, as He causes all things to speak, and He 

created you the first time, and to Him you are made to return. " 



'"» Surah Al An' am (6), ayah 130. 
""" Surah Al Isra (17), ayah 36. 
"° Surah Al Nik (24), ayah 24. 



Page | 309 



And you have not been hiding against yourselves, lest your ears, and your 
eyes, and your skins testify against you, but you thought that Allah knew not 
much of what you were doing. 

And that thought of yours which you thought about your Lord, has brought 
you to destruction, and you have become (this day) of those utterly lost! 1 "' 

Every person is a pledge for what he has earned,.." 2 

Deeds which are accountable for by 'mankind' 



33:5 There is no sin for 'mankind' for something committed in error, but 

there is sin in that which is deliberated (something known to be 
wrong) by the heart. 

CaM rfiem (adopted sons) by (the names of) their fathers, that is more just 
with Allah. But if you know not their father's (names, call them) your 
brothers in faith and Mawdllkum (your freed slaves). And there is no sin on 
you if you make a mistake therein, except in regard to what your hearts 
deliberately intend. And Allah is ever Oft Forgiving, Most Merciful.'"' 

2:225 Allah judges 'mankind' on that which is deliberated by the heart. 

,», * I - 

Allah will not call you to account for that which is unintentional in your 
oaths, but He will call you to account for that which your hearts have 
earned. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most-Forbearing. 9 ' 4 

6:60 The activities of 'mankind' committed whilst sleeping are free from 

the accountability of Allah's judgement; 



'" Sirrah Fussilat (41), ayat 19-23. 
" 2 Surah Al Muzzammil (74), ayah 38. 
913 Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayah 5. 
"" Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 225. 



Page I 310 



/? is He, who takes your souls by night (when you are asleep), and has 
knowledge of all that you have done by day, then He raises (wakes) you up 
again that a term appointed (your life period) be fulfilled, then in the end 
unto Him will be your return. Then He will inform you what you used to 
do. 9 " 

39:42 because the soul or heart of 'mankind' is (at this time) free from the 

body and is returned later by Allah as He wishes. 

t e^ Is** ec" - J -^^ 1 4? 1 ^-' S,^-^ ^ ti^'i ^f'y ck- J- 4 ^ 1 S'yi **>' 



It is Allah who takes away the souls at the time of their death, and those that 
die not during their sleep. He keeps those (souls) for which He has ordained 
death and sends the rest for a term appointed. Verily, in this are signs for a 
people who think deeply." 6 

23:62 Allah does not burden or request responsibility from 'mankind' 

except according to the degree of 'his' capabilities, but it needs to be 
remembered, that 

2:286 Allah is angry with those people who do not utilize 

10:100 their Aql. 

,,,>' > < L ," , . „,-*•,,,* •-,•-,- 

{jgj Oj-*&j SI Ji-»j j^L> <3^4 s^f LloJj '4**-"J i[ Li^J 1J1JS0 S/j 

And We tax not any person except according to his capacity, and with Us is 
a record which speaks the truth, and they will not be wronged. 917 

Ol li JA-ljJ V t2j il.j.lftf Li t^Lej il.T.y Li If! Lf«-»j VI Lili ST U1JS0 *5 

Lltj .jj ^ly.J)l j* J-ulij- US' I^^J LLlp iy^J Slj Hjj LiLJas-l jl U~-i 

LLJ3-* ^- i ' U-L>-jlj 111 3^£'j Lip i_iplj ^o ill iSUs. ^ Li bli^j Slj Ujj 

A//a/i burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that 
(good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has 
earned. "Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! 
lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews 
and Christians); Our Lord! put not on us a burden greater than we have 



" ! Surah Al An'im (6), ayah 60. 
" 6 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 42. 
'" Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayah 62. 



Page I 311 



strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. 
You are our Maula (Patron, Supporter and Protector, etc.) and give us 
victory over the disbelieving people. '""" 

/f u not for any person to believe, except by the leave of Allah, and He will 
put the wrath on those who are heedless. 919 



" Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 286. 
' Surah YCnus (10), ayah 100. 



Page I 312 



Page | 313 



CHAPTER 5 



Monotheistic 'Religion' and the Classification 
of 'Mankind' 



Truly, the religion with Allah is Islam. 920 

Cxi «^>- if I ,j j^j 4j^ Jlflj j^ llo rt-LuL ^f I J*i> A^ <j-«j 



And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will 
never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will 
be one of the losers."' 



/^ijIj 2} ^ji ^j ^jlajj^ 4J0I IjIjI lj^»lf ^„4JI L^bj 

(GO j-»-u~» 



O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared; 
and die not except in a state of Islam with complete 
submission to Allah." 2 



920 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 19. 

921 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 85. 

922 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 102. 



Page I 314 



Islam is the religion of Tauhld (^j* monotheism) 
Explanation of Islam (meaning) 



Al Islam stems from the word 'salama' (i^jLk^ meaning safe and sound, 
secure, free. Within Al Quran the word itself is used with various modifications or 
supplements. 

47:35 with the word 'salm' ( ^J-^meaning peace 

8:61 

So he not weak and ask not for peace (from the enemies of Islam), while you 
are having the upper hand. Allah is with you, and will never decrease the 
reward of your good deeds. 924 

;>:: AiS\ »j. ,f,ll 'jA j4jj 4l)l Jp Lft-'i ^ r^r^ ,,1.111 l_p«ia- ol3 * 

B«/ if they incline to peace, you also incline to it, and {put your) trust in 
Allah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. 921 

3:83 with the word 'aslama' (("-">) meaning submission or 

4:125 surrender; 



The word 'religion' is derived from the Latin words 'religio' and religo'. l Religo' refers to 'binding', 'making fast', 
'to tie up', 'to unite', 'to bond'. 'Religio' refers to 'reverence' and 'awe'. In today's English the relationship between 
the two Latin source words is fractured, in a state of division, whereby the 'religo' aspect has been disassociated from 
the 'religio' aspect. That is, the 'making fast', the uniting', and the 'bond/bonding' inherent within 'Religo' being 
redundant from the 'reverence' or 'awe' in 'Religio'. In Arabic, and specifically 'Islamic Arabic', this fracture or 
conflict between the two does not occur. The point being that within 'Islamic Arabic' one without the other renders 
'religion' invalid. Arabic uses the word u^ Din (Deen) for both the aspects represented by the Latin words 'religio' 
and 'religo'. Din at one and the same time means 'to borrow' or 'take up a loan', be 'indebted to', 'to yield', 'owe 
allegiance to', to 'be bonded to'. At the same time, and this is inextricably linked, it refers to 'religion', 'conviction', 
'creed'. The essence of Din refers to the inextricable bond established between Allah and 'mankind', whereby 
'mankind' is 'obligated to', 'owe allegiance to' Allah for 'his' very creation. That obligation, that 'bond' (that 
contract), must be adhered to in order to be eligible for success in both this life and in the Hereafter. The 'bond' referred 
to is extracted from the very essence of 'mankind' before being brought into being as 'mankind' - 

"Aa1^s}\ j»jj l^jij . . jl Lj -LgjL ^j (jJU +5i^ CU^JI (^-^' J* -t-*-Cj^_} +t^J^ ^J3^ (j? (°'e f£>. rj? ^J -^' ^J 

And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their loins, their seed lor from Adam 's 
loin his offspring) and made them testify as to themselves (saying): "Am I not your Lord? " they said: "Yes! we testify, " 
lest you should say on the Day of Resurreetion: "Verily, we have been unaware of this. " (Surah Al A'raf [7], ayah 172) 

This therefore is the essential /7rra/i (nature, essence) of 'mankind' -to be in a state of Islam. It is the message brought 
by all prophets, as a reminder to 'mankind' of their indebtedness to their Creator. 



924 Surah Muhammad (47), ayah 35. 
'" Surah Al Anfil (8), ayah 61. 



Page | 315 



Do ?fte)» .vee£ other than the Religion of Allah (the true Islamic Monotheism 
worshipping none hut Allah Alone), while to Him submitted all creatures in 
the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly. And to Him shall they 
all be returned. 926 

And who can be better in the Deen (religion) than one who submits his face 
(himself) to Allah (i.e. follows Allah's Religion of Islamic Monotheism); and 
he is a Mu sin. And follows the Religion of 'Ibrahim (Abraham) anifd 
(Islamic Monotheism - to worship none but Allah Alone). And Allah did 
take 'Ibrahim (Abraham) as a KhalTl (an intimate friend). 927 

4:65 with the words 'istislam-tasllm-mustaslimun' (f^-"^-"'- f^-" 1 

37:26 fj ' ""' ' » ■} meaning total surrender or capitulation to Allah; 

(GO Ls-J.,.0 I a^J^-Jj I " - *** a Le-d G>-^>- 

B«/ no, fry your Lord, they can have no faith, until they make you (O 
Mu ammad M) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves 
no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full 
submission. 928 



Nay, but that Day they shall surrender,.. 92 '' 

26:89 with the word 'salim' (f#-">) meaning clean, sound, 

37:84 sincere; 

Except him who brings to Allah a clean heart [clean from Shirk 
(polytheism) and Nifaq (hypocrisy)]. 910 



979 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 83. 

927 Surah Al Nisa (4), ayah 125. 

928 Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 65. 
979 Surah Al Saffat (37), ayah 26. 
930 Surah Al Shu'ara (26), ayah 89. 



Page | 316 



Wften Ae came to his Lord with a pure heart [attached to Allah alone and 
none else, worshipping none but Allah alone true Islamic Monotheism, pure 
from the filth of polytheism]. 9 " 

39:73 with the word 'salam' (^-") meaning prosperity. 

And those who kept their duty to their Lord will be led to Paradise in 
groups, till, when they reach it, and its gates will be opened (before their 
arrival for their reception) and its keepers will say: Saldmun 'Alaikum 
(peace be upon you)! You have done well, so enter here to abide therein. "'-" 

According to its taxonomy, Islam means submission and obedience to the 
regulations of Allah, as delivered by means of the Prophet Muhammad '*%, in order to 
attain happiness and prosperity in life, both in this world and the Hereafter. 

The Essential nature of mankind' is to have the religion that 
is tauhid 



2:213 'Mankind' were one community and Allah sent Prophets with glad 

10:1 9-20 tidings and warnings, and with them He sent the Scripture in truth to 

judge between people in matters wherein they differed. 

^ f . ****** *~*i * * 

^_j^>Jl . In « Jplj O^J** J - a J ^_^-r~-^ lIj^^ *^'^J^ 3-L^'J A*o\ ^«ujl Qb 

^ja *Js Ijgr^l L«J \yu»Vt ^j_ji4]l <&\ i£^-$ j> g'i: Qh c-'W;1I ^ a g"g 1c» L» 

Mankind were one community and Allah sent Prophets with glad tidings 
and warnings, and with them He sent the Scripture in Truth to judge 
between people in matters wherein they differed. And only those to whom 
(the Scripture) was given differed concerning it after clear proofs had come 
unto them through hatred, one to another. Then Allah by His leave guided 
those who believed to the Truth of that wherein they differed. And Allah 
guides whom He wills to a Straight Path. 931 



1 Surah Al Saffat (37), ayah 84. 

2 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 73. 

1 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 213. 



Page | 317 



Mankind were but one community (i.e. on one Religion - Islamic 
Monotheism), then they differed (later), and had not it been for a word that 
went forth before from your Lord, it would have been settled between them 
regarding what they differed . 

And they say: "How is it that not a sign is sent down on him from his 
Lord?" Say: "The unseen belongs to Allah alone, so wait you, Verily I am 
with you among those who wait (for Allah 's Judgement). """ 

30:30-36 And only those to whom (the Scripture) was given differed 

concerning it after clear proofs had come unto them through hatred, 
one to another. 

*jji jjij Jj^cj Si t,dp j^lLii ^ks (jjji ajji ^'je* l^—*- cf-Al ^H-i j^ 

Jv= J^bJI {j~j, lilj CJJ 0_p-^ r«-r.- L ' l-H S-"j?" <_P t*i~" Lv^^j p-S-4-:? 
C2) Ojpj^^l f-&.J. (i-4r? i3i^ ^1 "*-^"J "^ ^a-4 5 '^' '^! ^ ^! CX^r 4 (*vJ ^$£-z 
j^3 1 "Ul ... J a g Jp UJjj I * I (^ TTJ: ^_J j-«i*J (13 j— i I^jJLoJ^ \ g'-y I s l_«j I j^iSo 
^ ^ | ^'" ^13 11- l*J- i 4_s^-j l«ujl Giil Ijlj ({vT;: Qipj&$ ^d_j Iaj6 L«J -iJSoj 

DO CM. "^ V* '^! ^-r*^' t --* J 9 ^-*-! *^~" 

So set you (O Mu ammad M) your face towards the Deen of pure Islamic 
Monotheism anifa (worship none but Allah Alone) Allah's Fitrah (i.e. 
Allah's Islamic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No 
change let there be in Khalq illah (i.e. the Religion of Allah - Islamic 
Monotheism), that is the straight religion, but most of men know not. 
(Always) turning in repentance to Him (only), and be afraid and dutiful to 
him; and perform A alat (Iqamat a alat) and be not of Al Mushrikun 
(the disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, polytheists, idolaters, etc.). 
Of those who split up their religion (i.e. who left the true Islamic 
Monotheism), and became sects, [i.e. they invented new things in the 
Religion (Bid' ah), and followed their vain desires], each sect rejoicing in 
that which is with it. 

And when harm touches men, they cry sincerely only to their Lord (Allah), 
turning to Him in repentance, but when He gives them a taste of His Mercy, 



' Surah YCnus (10), ayat 19-20. 

Page|3U 



behold! a party of them associate partners in worship with their Lord. 

So as to be ungrateful for the graces which We have bestowed on them. 

Then enjoy (your short life); but you will come to know. 

Or have We revealed to them a Scripture, which speaks of that which they 

have been associating with Him? 

And when We cause mankind to taste of mercy, they rejoice therein, but 

when some evil afflicts them because of (evil deeds and sins) that their 

(own) hands have sent forth, Lo! they are in despair!'" 

42:8-9 Then Allah by His Leave guided those who believed to the truth of 

42:13-19 that wherein they differed. And Allah guides whom He wills to a 

Straight Path. 

S * , f tf - £ , ~, - - t * f - ', 'el r *' te- -' * 

^Jb La (J j alijaj Ij <-AlJ*-j (5 I Lio ^y* Ji^dj rS^j " a -^"'i "*-*' ^-^-V~ <UJl sLi jlj 

And if Allah had willed, He could have made them one nation, but He 
admits whom He wills to His Mercy. And the alimun (polytheists and 
wrong-doers, etc.) will have neither a WalTy (protector) nor a helper. 
Or have they taken (for worship) Auliya" (guardians, supporters, helpers, 
protectors, etc.) besides Him? But Allah, He alone is the WalTy (Protector, 
etc.). And it is He who gives life to the dead, and He is Able to do All 
things. 916 

La JUtj ^ ^\ '3f^fiJ LaJ (;?;; d~y ^ 4-J| C^^tJ ' - (V ^] cS^"" *^' 

l^i_u ^^jtaJ ^ji— « J-H Jj! liljj ^ C-2_- 5-«J5 V^Jj ^4% W»j J»JI |»-»»l?- 

5- jlj *fll'.iH (?fj i_^jj *i» dli. ^ iJ'^lij ,>? i_~ ^S>ll 'jJjj' £)JrJ' 0!3 

l_.^^= ^ *LUl Jjjl L*>J O-^-als ^Jij ^JnsljJnl ;•— 1J "^J O^a I 1 o *^ = ^ "* . Ij 

LuL 3c>u- Si *, ^aL-«-pl iS-3j ULLpI HI iSijj lijj *il (»5^H li^-% <z->ji\3 

La JLju (V? ^Jl (j ^L^^"^"" O^r^'i (; "^: ^ ^ 1 n d_Jlj UlL A-*^-" *OJl ~>SjJJ 
Jj>tJCL^J (;7J: cloji ^pLUl JjO lLL)jJ_) Laj ^ Ij-^cJ IJ ^i-L) ^_^50 I Jjjl ^£4JI 



'" Surah Al Rum (30), ayat 30-36. 
936 Surah Al Shura (42), ayat 8-9. 



Page | 319 



//e {Allah) has ordained for you the same Deen (Islam) which He ordained 
for Nu (Noah), and that which We have inspired in you (O Mu ammad M), 
and that which We ordained for 'Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses) and 
ha (Jesus) saying you should establish the Deen (i.e. to do what it orders 
you to do practically), and make no divisions in it (religion) (i.e. various 
sects in religion). Intolerable for the Mushrikun , is that to which you (0 
Mu ammad M) call them. Allah chooses for himself whom He wills, and 
guides unto himself who turns to Him in repentance and in obedience. 
And they divided not till after knowledge had come to them, through selfish 
transgression between themselves. And had it not been for a word that went 
forth before from your Lord for an appointed term, the matter would have 
been settled between them. And verily, those who were made to inherit the 
Scripture [i.e. the Taurah (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] after them (i.e. 
Jews and Christians) are in grave doubt concerning it (i.e. Allah's true 
religion Islam or the Qur an). 

So unto this (religion of Islam, alone and this Qur an) then invite (people) 
(0 Mu ammad M), and Istaqim [(i.e. stand firm and straight on Islamic 
Monotheism by performing all that is ordained by Allah (good deeds, etc.), 
and by abstaining from all that is forbidden by Allah (sins and evil deeds, 
etc.)], as you are commanded, and follow not their desires but say: "I 
believe in whatsoever Allah has sent down of the Book [all the Holy Books, 
this Qur an and the Books of the old from the Taurat (Torah), or the Injeel 
(Gospel) or the Pages of 'Ibrahim (Abraham)] and I am commanded to do 
justice among you, Allah is our Lord and your Lord. For us our deeds and 
for you your deeds. There is no dispute between us and you. Allah will 
assemble us (all), and to Him is the final return. 

And those who dispute concerning Allah (His Religion of Islamic 
Monotheism, with which Mu ammad 'M has been sent), after it has been 
accepted (by the people), of no use is their dispute before their Lord, and on 
them is wrath, and for them will be a severe torment. 
It is Allah who has sent down the Book (the Qur an) in truth, and the 
balance (i.e. to act justly), and what can make you know that perhaps the 
Hour is close at hand? 

Those who believe not therein seek to hasten it, while those who believe are 
fearful of it, and know that it is the very truth. Verily, those who dispute 
concerning the Hour are certainly in error far away. 
Allah is very gracious and kind to His slaves. He gives provisions to whom 
He wills, and He is the All-Strong, the All-Mighty.'" 7 

Islam is the only religion upon tauhld 

3 : 1 9-20 Truly, the religion with Allah is Islam. 

937 Surah Al Shura (42), ayat 13-19. 

Page | 320 



J^MIj i^Sy 1 IjjjI oiJU Jsj t^H 1 ^j ^ Jjp-j c.l.'.l [J-ii ilji-lo- 
_£■£<: auIj Aiilll -31LJ-P Lijli IjJjj ^_u>h b- 1 ^-*' ^-** lj-»i^l oi* J»7 »l"il« 

!ff3l.slLJL 



Truly, the Deen (religion) with Allah is Islam. Those who were given the 
Scripture (Jews and Christians) did not differ except, out of mutual 
jealousy, after knowledge had come to them, and whoever disbelieves in the 
Ay at (proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, then 
surely, Allah is Swift in calling to account. 

So if they dispute with you (Mu ammad M) say: "I have submitted myself to 
Allah (in Islam), and (so have) those who follow me. " And say to those who 
were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and to those who are 
illiterates (Arab pagans): "Do you (also) submit yourselves (to Allah in 
Islam) ? " If they do, they are rightly guided; but if they turn away, your duty 
is only to convey the Message; and Allah is All-Seer of (His) slaves. 91 " 

3:83-85 And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be 

accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers. 

i * * i ''j > * 

o? ^^jji^'j ls-^sPj ls"3* ob' "J -^^^"j -r-'jZ^-ti &*^~Xi J^-^"!3 

llo *iL^')/l j& £~H rj*3 CIS Oj-*J-~-« "^ Q^i J*tf-* J-»-l OW <3>ij "^ Vh3 

Do //jev .«ee& orfier f/wzn the Deen (religion) of Allah (the true Islamic 

Monotheism worshipping none but Allah Alone), while to Him submitted all 

creatures in the heavens and the earth, willingly or unwillingly. And to Him 

shall they all be returned. 

Say (O Mu ammad M): "We believe in Allah and in what has been sent 

down to us, and what was sent down to 'Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma'Tl 

(Ishmael), 'Is aq (Isaac), Ya qub (Jacob) and Al-Asba [the twelve sons of 

Ya qub (Jacob)] and what was given to Musa (Moses), Isa (Jesus) and the 

Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between one another 

among them and to Him (Allah) we have submitted (in Islam). " 

And whoever seeks a Deen (religion) other than Islam, it will never be 



! Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayat 19-20. 

Page | 321 



accepted of him, and in the Hereafter he will he one of the losers." 3 " 

3 : 1 02 ... and die not except in a state of Islam with complete submission to 

Allah. 

;T7; QyAZS »iilj a] (fj£ S?3 <-*jL«j (5»- *frl Ij-SjI I_jkIJ ji.il I 4-J-^ 

O Fou w/io believe! Fear Allah (by doing all that He has ordered and by 
abstaining from all that He has forbidden) as He should be feared. [Obey 
Him, be thankful to Him, and remember Him always], and die not except in 
a state of Islam (as Muslims) with complete submission to Allah." 40 



All Prophets were of the tauhld religion, Islam 



2:130-134 The Prophets "Ibrahim *a, 'Isma'Il *a, 'Ishaq «a, Ya'qub 8SS and 

3:84 their sons were all of the religion of Islam. The Prophets and the 

5 1 :24 Messengers were all of the religion of Islam, without exception 



- - * * t **■* ****** ~* * * * *<■ — * > > 1 1 * 

L^jjl i%L>^Z,\j jJ-JLl^JLlj J^A^jI ^bbls 4jJ Jj ^4JJ -1-^J I^Jli (_£ JjtJ q^ Jj .L-jO 

And who turns away from the Religion of 'Ibrahim (Abraham) (i.e. Islamic 

Monotheism) except him who befools himself? Truly, We chose him in this 

world and verily, in the Hereafter he will be among the righteous. 

When his Lord said to him, "Submit (i.e. be a Muslim)!" he said, "I have 

submitted myself (as a Muslim) to the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns 

and all that exists). " 

And this (submission to Allah, Islam) was enjoined by 'Ibrahim (Abraham) 

upon his sons and by Ya qub (Jacob), (saying), "O my sons! Allah has 

chosen for you the (true) Deen (religion), then die not except in the faith of 

Islam (as Muslims - Islamic Monotheism). " 

Or were you witnesses when death approached Ya qub (Jacob) ? When he 

said unto his sons, "What will you worship after me ? " They said, "We shall 



' Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayat 83-85. 
1 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 102. 



Page | 322 



worship your Ilah (Allah), the Ilah (God) of your fathers, 'Ibrahim 
(Abraham), Isma 'Tl (Ishmael), 'Is aq (Isaac), one Ilah (God), and to Him 
we submit (in Islam). " 

That was a nation who has passed away. They shall receive the reward of 
what they earned and you of what you earn. And you will not be asked of 
what they used to do.'"' 

"^'j s *-0 L^^li J^-^13 p-^j\ l^ J/*' ^i ^-^ Jp' ^*i ^U ^-*'* L^ 

Soy (O Mu ammad M): "We believe in Allah and in what has been sent 
down to us, and what was sent down to 'Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma'Tl 
(Ishmael), 'Is aq (Isaac), Ya qub (Jacob) and Al-Asbd [the twelve sons of 
Ya qub (Jacob)] and what was given to Musd (Moses), Isd (Jesus) and the 
Prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between one another 
among them and to Him (Allah) we have submitted (in Islam). '"" 2 

Has the story reached you, of the honoured guests [three angels; Jibril 
(Gabriel) along with another two] of 'Ibrahim (Abraham)? 9 " 

51:36 The Prophet Lut «S; 

But We found not there any household of the Muslims except one [i.e. Lu 
(Lot) and his two daughters].' 44 

12:101 The Prophet Yusuf M81 ; 

"My Lord! You have indeed bestowed on me of the sovereignty, and taught 
me the interpretation of dreams; the (only) Creator of the heavens and the 
earth! You are my Waliy (Protector, helper, Supporter, Guardian, etc.) in 
this world and in the Hereafter, cause me to die as a Muslim (the one 
submitting to Your Will), and join me with the righteous. '""" 

27:29-3 1 The Prophet Sulaiman «3; 



' 4I Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 130-134. 
942 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 84. 
942 Surah Al Dhariyat (51), ayah 24. 
944 Surah Al Dhariyat (5 1 ), ayah 36. 
,4! Surah Yusuf (12), ayah 101. 



Page I 323 



Sfte .raid: "O chiefs! Verily! here is delivered to me a noble letter, 
"Verily! it is from Sulaimdn (Solomon), and Verily! it (reads): In the Name 
of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful; 

"Be you not exalted against me, but come to me as Muslims (true believers 
who submit to Allah with full submission)""" 16 

3:52 The Prophet Isa *B; 

77ien w/ien Zsa (Jesus) came to know of their disbelief he said: "Who will 
be my helpers in Allah 's Cause ? " Al- awariun (the disciples) said: "We are 
the helpers of Allah; we believe in Allah, and bear witness that we are 
Muslims (i.e. we submit to Allah). "'" 

12:38-39 Because of that it already should and ought to be that we follow the 

straight religion of which they were certain. 

«- - J t- ■ - , E ',, - ^ ' ,,*• 

p Jgil ^jA *Ujb ^Jydj (J I UJ ^J_J D b iLjjJUUJ ^l^Zj\j Jfc-Jb^jl (_£ s b I \ 4j_« C-J^-jJ Ij 

Ijj bjjs^. "3 Lr \li"\j^\ ^jj ^liT jpj blip iit Jii ^ _<U;S 



„ E 



"And I have followed the religion of my fathers , - 'Ibrahim 
(Abraham), 'Is aq (Isaac) and Ya qub (Jacob), and never could we 
attribute any partners whatsoever to Allah. This is from the Grace of Allah 
to us and to mankind, but most men thank not (i.e. they neither believe in 
Allah, nor worship Him). 

"O two companions of the prison! are many different lords (gods) better or 
Allah, the one, the Irresistible?' 4 " 

3:95 'Ibrahim 353 was not a polytheist; he was a man of faith who was 

4: 1 25 made as an example and moreover he was obedient to Allah; 



:~: ^&JcA\ ^a q& Laj bLs^j>- f£'J>\ ^L? i^-pli <oji iJ-b<=> l^ 
Say (O Mu ammad 0): "Allah has spoken the truth; follow the religion of 



,46 Surah Al Naml(29), ayat 29-3 1 . 
9,7 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 52. 
,4! Surah Yusuf (12), ayat 38-39. 



Page | 324 



'Ibrahim (Abraham) anifa (Islamic Monotheism, i.e. he used to worship 
Allah Alone), and he was not of Al-Mushrikun. """ 

And who can be better in Deen (religion) than one who submits his face 
(himself) to Allah (i.e. follows Allah's Religion of Islamic Monotheism); and 
he is a Mu sin (a good). And follows the religion of 'Ibrahim (Abraham) 
anifa (Islamic Monotheism - to worship none but Allah Alone). And Allah 
did take 'Ibrahim (Abraham) as a KhalTl (an intimate friend)." 

6:161-163 He was upright (hanlf-^-iy-^. 

^jA Qb L»J 1 r. - >~ f£'J>\ aL? L«4| LLo ^JLl^Js ^°'j*i? \^\ IjJ (j- 1 - 1 -* i$^l u$ 

St ^Jj o4^*Ji <yj ih „ i^'i LsK^-i tjv-jj iS^* o! L^ <Q, cx£/^-" 

Say (0 Mu ammad M): "Truly, my Lord has guided me to a straight path, a 

right religion, the religion of 'Ibrahim (Abraham), anifa [i.e. the true 

Islamic Monotheism - to believe in one God (Allah i.e. to worship none but 

Allah, Alone)] and he was not of Al-Mushrikun. " 

Say (0 Mu ammad S): "Verily, my aldt (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, 

and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the 'AlamTn (mankind, jinns and all 

that exists). 

"He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first 

of the Muslims. ""' 

16:120-123 Allah revealed (the religion of Islam) to Muhammad M in order that 

he followed the religion of 'Ibrahim S3. 

"L^jO^ \j£==>\J^ (;'"';; ^Tr\L«Jl ^ja <±\j JLJj 1 o^;^- ^ lljii S^l ^j_j6 J^-jb^jl ^1 
-,~ ,<*'., ,1 - , „- , ',,,,,,**■ 

^jA Qo [a J 1 6 ■ ' . - >- ^&'j)\ 4J-« A^jI 0' ^yi ^r^j' '(r- 3 C^J : C^7 * n Cr^ 

Verily, 'Ibrahim (Abraham) was an Ummah (a leader having all the good 
righteous qualities), or a nation, obedient to Allah, anifa (i.e. to worship 
none but Allah), and he was not one of those who were Al-Mushrikun 
(polytheists, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, and those who 



,4 ' Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 95. 
,!0 Surah Al Nisa (4), ayah 125. 
951 SurahAlAnam(6), ayat 161-163. 



Page | 325 



joined partners with Allah). 

(He was) thankful for His (Allah's) Graces. He (Allah) chose him (as an 

intimate friend) and guided him to a Straight Path (Islamic Monotheism, 

neither Judaism nor Christianity). 

And We gave him good in this world, and in the Hereafter he shall be of the 

righteous. 

Then, We have inspired you (OMu ammad M saying): "Follow the religion 

of 'Ibrahim (Abraham) anifd (Islamic Monotheism - to worship none but 

Allah) and he was not of the Mushrikiin (polytheists, idolaters, disbelievers, 

etc). 9 ' 2 

2:135-141 Nevertheless, the Jews (Al Hud - j J<h') and Christians (An Nasara - 

lS .> ' a 7 still dispute and oppose the truth of this. 

^> o^ tVj Li~>- j^'y\ <U 'Jj [}i \}-£{- CSJ-^J y &>* \y^= lyij 

J_*ir-"lj ^x'Ji\ l)\ Jjjl iVj UJJ Jjjl iVj ajjb LL.IJ \yiji J'JJ; (jSJi^s\ 
t >. <- i ~, , , , , I ~, , i •* K , , , 

^46 oi -^L>j^^ Ci>' ^i <ls~*?J ls~y <-|b' ^i -JpW^M'j ^y^j J^^-Jj 

lij JjI ^T_t? jo -i^f 5 Jj-fj-i ^*£ [ y^ f^&\ q^j aJjI ^\ (,-IpI liili [Js Csjl^i 

',,, . > -; s-, „ *, ' 

And <Aev .vav, "Be Jews or Christians, then you will be guided. " Say (to 
them, O Mu ammad M), "Nay, (we follow) only the religion of 'Ibrahim 
(Abraham), anifci [Islamic Monotheism, i.e. to worship none but Allah 
(Alone)], and he was not of Al-Mushrikiin (those who worshipped others 
along with Allah). " 

Say (0 Muslims), "We believe in Allah and that which has been sent down 
to us and that which has been sent down to 'Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma 'il 
(Ishmael), 'Is aq (Isaac), Ya qub (Jacob), and to Al-Asbd[the twelve sons 
of Ya qub (Jacob)], and that which has been given to Musd (Moses) and 
Isa (Jesus), and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. 
We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted 



' Surah AINahl (16),ayat 120-123. 

Page I 326 



(in Islam). " 

Ao if they believe in the like of that which you believe, then they are rightly 

guided, but if they turn away, then they are only in opposition. So Allah will 

suffice you against them. And He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. 

[Our ibghah (religion) is] the ibghah (religion) of Allah (Islam) and 

which ibghah (religion) can be better than Allah's? And we are His 

worshippers. 

Say (O Mu ammad M to the Jews and Christians), "Dispute you with us 

about Allah while He is our Lord and your Lord? And we are to be 

rewarded for our deeds and you for your deeds. And we are sincere to Him 

in worship and obedience (i.e. we worship Him alone and none else, and we 

obey His orders). " 

Or say you that 'Ibrahim (Abraham), Ismd'il (Ishmael), 'Is dq (Isaac), 

Ya qub (Jacob) and Al-Asba [the twelve sons of Ya qub (Jacob)] were 

Jews or Christians? Say, "Do you know better or does Allah (knows 

better...; that they all were Muslims)? And who is more unjust than he who 

conceals the testimony [i.e. to believe in Prophet Mu ammad Mwhen he 

comes, written in their Books], he has from Allah? And Allah is not 

unaware of what you do. " 

That was a nation who has passed away. They shall receive the reward of 

what they earned, and you of what you earn. And you will not be asked of 

what they used to do. 9 " 

3:67-68 Once again, he ('Ibrahim *S») was neither a Jew nor a Christian. 

^ja Qb L»j LftJuLa 1 o. ;;^ - ^_j^ Cr^J ~)'j^ *J ^i?Jr- c-^IhI ^ 
.^jiJllj (^Jl IJiij «_j*IjI oioLl ^'J.U (^LJl jjl Z^jl CaS cxC/i^-J 1 

'Ibrahim (Abraham) was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was a true 
Muslim anifa (Islamic Monotheism - to worship none but Allah Alone) and 
he was not of Al-Mushrikun. 

Verily, among mankind who have the best claim to 'Ibrahim (Abraham) are 
those who followed him, and this Prophet (Mu ammad 0) and those who 
have believed (Muslims). And Allah is the WalTy (protector and helper) of 
the believers." 4 

22:78 Islam has existed from times before. 

' J I ~ (_Ja^«yl ^JjJV-J I -tijb j9 3 LS^ CI* Q^.t)X„:t,J I *5*J_«w*v ajb ^a-Jb'^jJ ~5\_ol 

djjb Ijo ^axg-lj SjSjJl Ijjlfj 3 j 1 ya II Ij-Lili ,r«LJI <_^ sl-^t" IjJ^Njj ^Ci& 



953 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 135-141. 

954 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayay 67-68. 



Page | 327 



I J 1 - 'O '• J^i3 tj3"^' (*~*^ J&JJj* jA 



And strive hard in Allah's Cause as you ought to strive (with sincerity and 
with all your efforts that His Name should be superior). He has chosen you 
(to convey His message of Islamic Monotheism to mankind by inviting them 
to His religion, Islam), and has not laid upon you in the Deen any hardship, 
it is the religion of your father 'Ibrahim (Abraham) (Islamic Monotheism). 
It is He (Allah) who has named you Muslims both before and in this (the 
Qur an), that the Messenger (Mu ammad 0) may be a witness over you 
and you be witnesses over mankind! So perform A alat 
(Iqamat-a - alat), give Zakat and holdfast to Allah [i.e. have confidence in 
Allah, and depend upon Him in all your affairs] He is Your Maula (Patron, 
Lord, etc.), what an excellent Maula (Patron, Lord, etc.) and what an 
excellent Helper! 9 " 



All of the Messengers carried the teachings of the religion of 
tau hid 



16:36 And verily, We have sent among every Ummah a Messenger: 

"Worship Allah, and avoid taghut..." 
47:19 So know that La ilaha ill- Allah (There is no god except Allah) . . . 

,i **" , > •> - . .,* ,<-. (* -A ■ > 

(Jn5) J^. ju JSC«Jl ili_p 



And Verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a 
Messenger (proclaiming): "Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep 
away from) -taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship -<aghut besides 
Allah). " Then of them were some whom Allah guided and of them were 
some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and 
see what was the end of those who denied (the truth)." 6 

So know (O Mu ammad M) that La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be 
worshipped but Allah), and ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the 
sin of) believing men and believing women. And Allah knows well your 
moving about, and your place of rest (in your homes). 957 



'" Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 78. 
'" Surah AINahl (16), ayah 36. 
'" Surah Muhammad (47), ayah 19. 



Page | 328 



Note also the following accounts: 
1 1 :25 The account of the Prophet Nuh 858; 

And indeed We sent Nu (Noah) to his people (and he said): "I have come 
to you as a plain warner. ""' 

11:50 The account of the Prophet Hud *3; 

And to 'Ad (people We sent) their brother Hud. He said, "O my people! 
Worship Allah! You have no other Hah (God) hut Him. Certainly, you do 
nothing but invent (lies)!'" 9 

11:61 The account of the Prophet Salih SB; 

y> joJLfc Ail] QA J£} Li il)l IjJ-pl VJ-2iJ J IS IS^L^> i-»t-l ij-«-J (JJj * 

a. ' * ' - * E - . j ' ,! i j •'.-; . . ,£■--",'. J;- ,' i*- £ 



And to Thamud (people, We sent) their brother ali (Saleh). He said: "O 
my people! Worship Allah, you have no other Hah (God) but Him. He 
brought you forth from the earth and settled you therein, then ask 
forgiveness of Him and turn to Him in repentance. Certainly, my Lord is 
near (to all by His Knowledge), Responsive. '""•° 

11:84 The account of the Prophet Shu' aib SSI; 



Slj joJs£ *J| ry* I £—\ L. 'dill l_jj— pI syv-> jLs L— «-i JU»U-I qij^ JJ3 * 



An</ to //je Madyan (Midian) people (We sent) their brother Shu 'aib. He 
said: "O my people! Worship Allah, you have no other Hah (God) but Him, 
and give not short measure or weight, I see you in prosperity; and verily I 
fear for you the torment of a Day encompassing."'' 



' Surah Hud (11), ayah 25. 
' Surah Hud (11), ayah 50. 
"Surah Hud (11), ayah 61. 
1 Surah Hud (11), ayah 84. 



Page | 329 



1 1 :96 The account of the Prophet Musa 8581; 

7:103 



OO O^" 4 ,•.'. "j L^ujLij j^-uj-a LJ^«jl jULIJ 

Anrf indeed We sent Musa (Moses) with Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, 
verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and a manifest authority;" 2 

<-JlS ^jajli lip Ij^ijii ^4j^UJ <^P^S (J] l~ljlij (V">* t*-?^-*^ CT? ^ Jt -i *-> 

77ien after them We sent Musa (Moses) with Our signs to Fir aun 
(Pharaoh) and his chiefs, but they wrongfully rejected them. So see how 
was the end of the Mufsidun (mischief-makers, corrupts, etc.). 961 

3:45 The account of the Prophet Isa SSI; 

(remember) when the angels said: "O Maryam (Mary)! Verily, Allah gives 
you the glad tidings of a word [ "Be! " - and he was! i. e. Isa (Jesus) the son 
of Maryam (Mary)] from him, his name will be the Messiah Isa (Jesus), the 
son of Maryam (Mary), held in honour in this world and in the Hereafter, 
and will be one of those who are near to Allah. "'" 

4:170 The account of the Prophet Muhammad jg; 

OJi IjiyiSCj o!3 »SCJ \JJ~ ljjwol£s iSij ^ ijiJLj Jj-^pl fSi^- -i-s ^r»l-JI ^Pi 

O mankind! Verily, there has come to you the Messenger (Mu ammad M) 
with the truth from your Lord, so believe in him, it is better for you.Bbut if 
you disbelieve, then certainly to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and 
the earth. And Allah is ever All Knowing, All Wise."" 

The Difference in the religions of the Messengers is only in 
regards to laws 



" 2 Surah Hud (11), ayah 96. 
963 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 103. 
" 4 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 45. 
" ! Surah Al Nisa (4), ayah 1 70. 



Page I 330 



22:67-68 For every nation We have ordained religious ceremonies which they 

23:51-52 must follow; so let them not dispute with you on the matter, but 

39:3 invite them to your Lord. Verily! You indeed are on the straight 

guidance. 



For every nation We have ordained religious ceremonies [e.g. slaughtering 
of the beast of cattle during the three days of stay at Mina (Makkah) during 
the ajj (pilgrimage)] which they must follow; so let them (pagans) not 
dispute with you on the matter (i.e. to eat of the cattle which you slaughter, 
and not to eat of cattle which Allah kills by its natural death), but invite 
them to your Lord. Verily! you (O Mu ammad M) indeed are on the (true) 
Straight Guidance, (i.e. the true religion of Islamic Monotheism). 
And if they argue with you (as regards the slaughtering of the sacrifices), 
say; "Allah knows best of what you do. 966 

(you) Messengers! Eat of the -•aiyibat [all kinds of alal (legal) foods 
which Allah has made legal (meat of slaughtered eatable animals, milk 
products, fats, vegetables, fruits, etc.], and do righteous deeds. Verily! I am 
Well-Acquainted with what you do. 

And Verily! This your religion (of Islamic Monotheism) is one religion, and 

1 am your Lord, so keep your duty to Me. 1 *" 

.,,-,* > ,„, , - ,i , ■ > *-* ^ <■ S -> , - - t ■* 

bjjyLJ ~i\ i-» xjo L. ;UjI ^4j_jj ^_^ IjjCrf-l ^_y..Ji\) (j^JLS-l ^,-Jl *i) Ml 

y* If iS+y. H *&l o! ^Ijj^^-'^i ji-» ^ <4-*4S isifrilll o! il^JJ a" 1 J! 

Surely, the Deen (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allah only. And 
those who take Auliyd" (protectors and helpers) besides Him (say): "We 
worship them only that they may bring us near to Allah. " Verily, Allah will 
judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Truly, Allah 
guides not him who is a liar, and a disbeliever. 9 '" 

2 1 :92 Indeed the religion that is tauhld is the religion of all communities 

of 'mankind' without exception. 



" 6 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayat 67-68. 
'" Surah Mu'minun (23), ayat 51-52. 
" ! Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 3. 



Page | 331 



iJ_eli i 



1 *~=3JJ blj 3J^~3 **-"' *5C-a' ^OJLiA ^J 



Truly! this, your Ummah [Shar'iah or religion (Islamic Monotheism)] is 
one religion, and I am your Lord, Therefore worship Me (Alone).' 6 '' 

42:13-16 And Allah will resolve all of that which is disputed 

5:48 amongst 'mankind' and to Him will all of 'mankind' return. 



La JLaj ^ "^1 I3S/LJ LaJ (;!;: d~y ^ 4-J] ^ jl^j i^i ,v ^! Ls^"" ^' 
l^i_u ^^jiiJ ^ji— « J-?- 1 JJ! ^J ^ cu2_- S-oJS Y^Jj 'n^-a L~*-> j»i»J I jt-a s l» 

■ Sf *, ^ali-P I ISd j LLLp I TjJ iSijj Ujj AiJl .^xilj J-LP - ^ o/^alj 



La JL*J (>? ^' (j -^Ij^L^-" 0^^'i C'"^ ^^all d_Jjj LuL i*"*^"" *^' (*-^H 



(J|J Jj-Li il j_p ^Iji^i-P ^iij ^j -J^-f- a^t^b ^? J ^ 1 



'J 



.! 



//e (Allah) has ordained for you the same Deen [religion (Islam)] which He 
ordained for Nil (Noah), and that which We have inspired in you (O 
Mu ammad 0), and that which We ordained for 'Ibrahim (Abraham), 
Musa (Moses?) and Isa (Jesus) saying you should establish the deen 
[religion (i.e. to do what it orders you to do practically)], and make no 
divisions in it (religion) (i.e. various sects in religion). Intolerable for the 
Mushrikun , is that to which you (O Mu ammad 0) call them. Allah chooses 
for Himself whom He wills, and guides unto Himself who turns to Him in 
repentance and in obedience. 

And they divided not till after knowledge had come to them, through selfish 
transgression between themselves. And had it not been for a word that went 
forth before from your Lord for an appointed term, the matter would have 
been settled between them. And verily, those who were made to inherit the 
Scripture [i.e. the Taurah (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] after them (i.e. 
Jews and Christians) are in grave doubt concerning it (i.e. Allah's true 
religion Islam or the Qur an). 

So unto this (religion of Islam, alone and this Qur an) then invite (people) 
(0 Mu ammad M), and Istaqim [(i.e. stand firm and straight on Islamic 
Monotheism by performing all that is ordained by Allah (good deeds, etc.), 
and by abstaining from all that is forbidden by Allah (sins and evil deeds, 
etc.)], as you are commanded, and follow not their desires but say: "I 



' Surah Al ' Anbiya (21), ayah 92. 

Page I 332 



believe in whatsoever Allah has sent down of the Book [all the Holy Books, 
this Qur an and the Books of the old from the Taurat (Torah), or the Injeel 
(Gospel) or the Pages of 'Ibrahim (Abraham)] and I am commanded to do 
justice among you, Allah is our Lord and your Lord. For us our deeds and 
for you your deeds. There is no dispute between us and you. Allah will 
assemble us (all), and to Him is the final return. 

And those who dispute concerning Allah (His religion of Islamic 
Monotheism, with which Mu ammad M has been sent), after it has been 
accepted (by the people), of no use is their dispute before their Lord, and on 
them is wrath, and for them will be a severe torment. 970 

U ,3 IS^llJ -S^iJj *-4""3 ■*-*' 'i *--=al*j>J <UJl sLi ^Jj tff-L^LaJ ^v4 r*^-^ 

And We nave .venf down to yon (O Mu ammad 0) the Book (this Qur an) in 
truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it and Muhayminan 
(trustworthy in highness and a witness) over it (old Scriptures) . So judge 
between them by what Allah has revealed, and follow not their vain desires, 
diverging away from the truth that has come to you. To each among you, We 
have prescribed a law and a clearway. If Allah willed, He would have made 
you one nation, but that (He) may test you in what He has given you; so 
strive as in a race in good deeds. The return of you (all) is to Allah; then He 
will inform you about that in which you used to differ. 91 ' 

The truth of Islam is superior to all other religions 

9:30-33 The truth of the matter regarding the religion of Islam is that it is 

48:28 superior to all other religions because Islam itself was created by 

61:6-9 Allah. It is Allah who bears witness to this even though the 

disbelievers and the polytheists hate it. 

La j rWj-* • _ri' /" E -s—'*-*-' ' 3 4^' •* - * J 9^ ['r* H~j' [i jp ' i ft J J r^J™"' IjkJ-^-l SCO 



"° Surah Al Shura (42), ayal 13-16. 
'" Surah Al Maidah (5), ayat 48. 



Page I 333 



And the Jews say: 'Uzair (Ezra) is the son of Allah, and the Christians say: 
Messiah is the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouths. They imitate 
the saying of the disbelievers of old. Allah 's Curse be on them, how they are 
deluded away from the truth! 

They (Jews and Christians) took their rabbis and their monks to be their 
lords besides Allah (by obeying them in things which they made lawful or 
unlawful according to their own desires without being ordered by Allah), 
and (they also took as their Lord) Messiah, son of'Maryam (Mary), while 
they (Jews and Christians) were commanded [in the Taurdt (Torah) and the 
Injeel (Gospel)) to worship none but one Hah (Allah) La ildha ilia Huwa 
(none has the right to be worshipped but He). Praise and glory be to Rim, 
(far above is He) from having the partners they associate (with Him). " 
They (the disbelievers, the Jews and the Christians) want to extinguish 
Allah's light (with which Mu ammad has been sent - Islamic 
Monotheism) with their mouths, but Allah will not allow except that His 
light should be perfected even though the Kafirun (disbelievers) hate (it). 
It is He who has sent His Messenger (Mu ammad "M) with guidance and the 
Deen (religion) of Truth (Islam), to make it superior over all religions even 
though the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the 
Oneness of Allah) hate (it). 972 

jib Jifj ^ ^.jjl Jp jO^JLJ jiJl q>_?j c£J-$JIj iAy~'j J-ljl ^_So]l y> 



He it is who has sent His Messenger (Mu ammad M) with guidance and the 
Deen (religion) of Truth (Islam), that He may make it (Islam) superior over 
all religions. And All-Sufficient is Allah as a witness." 3 

I^Jlio-^luJb fi-AfW ISAs jJM j4jH (_£-l*j rjA ^b Jj-«^j L/^-*3 Voy^^ iir? 
J! Ij-^-i 3-*J C r >&>\ *frl (Ji {£ri\ q^<-> J^l (j*3 'ifj ov° j^; Ijj-* 
Jjlj ^-jjb'^slj jJjI jy lj±i^J OjJ-ijj Jfj; QtJ^sW fyd\ iS ^r. S/ <ilj jAZ.'^l 
i>*"' cf~?j Cs-l*U /Ay»j J—ji c?4]i 3-* @ ojj^^-H a j^ == 3^3 ^°jy A* 



" 2 Surah Al Taubah (9), ayat 30-33. 
973 Surah Al Fath (48), ayah 28. 



Page | 334 



And (remember) when Isd (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), said: "O 
Children of Isra'il! I am the Messenger of Allah unto you confirming the 
Taurdt [(Torah) which came] before me, and giving glad tidings of a 
Messenger to come after me, whose name shall be A mad. But when he 
(A mad i.e. Mu ammad M) came to them with clear proofs, they said: 
"This is plain magic. " 

And who does more wrong than the one who invents a lie against Allah, 
while he is being invited to Islam? And Allah guides not the people who are 

dlimun (polytheists, wrong-doers and disbelievers) folk. 
They intend to put out the light of Allah (i.e. the religion of Islam, this 
Qur an, and Prophet Mu ammad M) with their mouths. But Allah will 
complete His light even though the disbelievers hate (it). 
He it is who has sent His Messenger (Mu ammad M) with guidance and the 
Deen (religion) of Truth (Islamic Monotheism) to make it victorious over all 
(other) religions even though the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, 
and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger Mu ammed 
M) hate (it). 974 

The religion of Islam brought by Muhammad % 
Islam is the final religion 

The Islam brought by the Prophet Muhammad % is the final religion brought 
by the last of the Prophets;'" with Al Quran as the Holy Book;' 7 ' Islam and Al Quran are 
universal" 7 and perfect.' 78 

The Prophets and the Holy Books prior to Al Qur' an 

57:25 The Prophets and Holy Books previous to Al Quran were only for 

13:38 particular communities and for specific periods of time. 



' * ^ * E o „,. ,' 

Indeed We have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with 
them the Scripture and the balance (justice) that mankind may keep up 
justice. And We brought forth iron wherein is mighty power (in matters of 
war), as well as many benefits for mankind, that Allah may test who it is that 

m Surah Al Saff (61), ayat 6-9. 
'" Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayah 40. 
,7 ' Surah Al Saba' (34), ayah 28. 
,77 Surah Al Furqan (25), ayah 1. 
,7! Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayah 3. 



Page I 335 



will help Him (His religion), and His Messengers in the unseen. Verily, 
Allah is All-Strong, All-Mighty.' 7 ' 

And indeed We sent Messengers before you (O Mu ammad M), and made 
for them wives and offspring. And it was not for a Messenger to bring a sign 
except by Allah 's Leave. (For) each and every matter there is a decree (from 
Allah).' 1 " 

The Vedas were only for a specific group 981 

Gautama Smrti : 1 2 

Whenever a Sudra (Hindu) person happens to hear the Book of 
Veda read, then it is obligatory for the king to pour tin at night in 
'his' ears; whenever a Sudra reads the mantra of the Veda the king 
must cut his tongue, and whenever 'he' tries to read the Veda, then 
the king must cut his body.' 82 '" 

Apastainbha Dharma Sutra 111, 10-26 

If a Shudra over heard a recitation of the Vedas molten tin was to 
be poured in to his ears; if he repented the Vedas his tongue should 
be cut and if he remembered Vedic hymns, his body was to be torn 
into pieces.' 84 

The Injll (Jtgj) - Gospel) was only for a specific group 985 

Matthew- 15:24 Jesus was sent to the lost Tribe of Israel only; 

'But he answered and said, lam not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house 
of Israel. '""' 

Matfhew-10:5-6 Jesus instructed 12 disciples in order that they did not propagate 
(the message of Jesus) except to the Tribe of Israel. 

'These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying. Go not into 



"' Surah Al HadTd (57), ayah 25. 

980 Surah Al Rad (13), ayah 38. 

981 The Veda, meaning "Knowledge," is a collective term for the sacred scriptures of the Hindus. It is only permissible 
for the highest caste to read and recite it. 

982 The fourth and lowest of the traditional varnas, or social classes, of Hindu India. 

983 Al Quran and its interpretation, Department of Religion, Republic of Indonesia, page. 40. 

984 http://www.scribd.com/doc/3266870/Oh-You-Hindu-Awake. 

985 This topic is on page. 107, sourced from: 1. Old Testament (Taurat); 2. New Testament (Injil); 3. Doctor Soejardji, 
Differences in Religion. 

98<1 New Testament, Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 15, verse 24, King James Version Bible. 

Page | 336 



the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not; 
But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. " s/ 

Luke-24:19 Jesus was from Nazareth. 

Acts-2:22 

'And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning 
Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before 
God and all the people; """ 

'Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of 
god among you by miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him 
in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know; '"" 

Islam is the religion of confirmation 

The Islam brought by Muhammad M is the religion that confirms the previous 
revealed scriptures (3:3; 5:48) 

It is He who has sent down the Book (the Qur an) to you (Mu ammad "M) 
with truth, confirming what came before it. And He sent down the Taurdt 
(Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)."''" 

^ , , ^ ^ tf l ^ , ,, E ^ ,, 

, -■ , >>,,-; . < , «- - E „.*.,, .^ > , 

And We nave .«enf down to you (O Mu ammad 0) the Book (this Qur an) in 
truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it and Muhayminan 
(trustworthy in highness and a witness) over it (old Scriptures) . So judge 
between them by what Allah has revealed, and follow not their vain desires, 
diverging away from the truth that has come to you. To each among you, We 
have prescribed a law and a clearway. If Allah willed, He would have made 
you one nation, but that (He) may test you in what He has given you; so 
strive as in a race in good deeds. The return of you (all) is to Allah; then He 
will inform you about that in which you used to differ."'" 

9S7 New Testament, Gospel aeeording to Matthew, chapter 10, verses 5-6, King James Version Bible. 
9SR New Testament, Gospel according to Luke, chapter 24, verse 19, King James Version Bible. 
9S9 New Testament, Acts, chapter 2, verse 22, King James Version Bible. 
9,0 Surah Al Tmran (3), ayah 3. 
991 Surah Al Maidah (5), ayah 48. 

Page | 337 



The teachings of the Prophets Musa d&B and Tsa gJSS) about 
'God' 

Exodus-20:3 Allah decreed, "You shall have no other gods before me". 

Deuteronomy-5 :7 

'Thou shalt have no other gods before me. '" 2 

'Thou shalt have none other gods before me. "" 

John-1 7:3 Allah is the only true god. 

Luke-4:8 Worship Allah only. 

Matthew-4:10 

'And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and 
Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent. '" < 

'And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is 
written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou 
serve. """ 

'Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou 
shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve. """ 

Mark-12:28-32 The principle teaching (first commandment) is that Allah is 

the only Lord/god. 

'And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, 

and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the 

first commandment of all? 

And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O 

Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord: 

And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy 

soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first 

commandment. 

And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. 

There is none other commandment greater than these. 

And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for 

there is one God; and there is none other but he: '"' 

The prophethood of Tsa £SB in the Injeel 

Luke-9:44 Jesus is a man and the son of man. 



Old Testament, Exodus, chapter 20, verse 3, King James Version Bible. 
J Old Testament, Deuteronomy, chapter 5, verse 7, King James Version Bible. 

4 New Testament, Gospel according to John, chapter 17, verse 3, King James Version Bible. 

5 New Testament, Gospel according to Luke, chpater 4, verse 8, King James Version Bible. 

h New Testament, Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 4, verse 10, King James Version Bible. 
7 New Testament, Gospel according to Mark, chapter 12, verses 28-32, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 338 



'Let these sayings sink down into your ears: for the Son of man shall be 
delivered into the hands of men. '"" 

John-1 : 1 -3 Everything was created by Allah; thus Jesus is created by Him. 

'In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word 

was God. 

The same was in the beginning with God. 

All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that 

was made. """ 

Revelations-19:10 Jesus is a servant; 

'And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it 
not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of 
Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy. "°°° 

John-1 7:3 he is the messenger/prophet of Allah. 

'And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and 
Jesus Christ, whom thou hast sent. '"*" 

Hebrews-3:1 Jesus is a messenger. 

'Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the 
Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; ' m2 

Luke-24:19 Jesus was a Prophet for his people. 

'And he said unto them, What things? And they said unto him, Concerning 
Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophet mighty in deed and word before 
God and all the people: '"*" 

Matthew- 1 5 :24 Jesus a Prophet for lost Tribe of Israel. 

'But he answered and said, lam not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house 
of Israel. "< m 



The Prophethood of Muhammad % in both the Taurat and 
the Injll 

Deuteronomy- 18:18 Allah will raise up a Prophet like the Prophet Musa *K1; 



' New Testament, Gospel aeeording to Luke, chapter 9, verse 44, King James Version Bible. 
' New Testament, Gospel according to John, chapter 1, verses 1-3, King James Version Bible. 

10 New Testament, Revelation (s), chapter 19, verse 10, King James Version Bible. 

11 New Testament, Gospel according to John, chapter 17, verse 3, King James Version Bible. 

12 New Testament, Hebrews, chapter 3, verse 1, King James Version Bible. 

13 New Testament, Gospel according to Luke, chapter 24, verse 19, King James Version Bible. 

14 New Yestament, Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 15, verse 24, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 339 



7 will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, 
and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I 
shall command him. '""" 

John-16:7-14 A Prophet (Helper, Comforter) will come after Jesus has already 

gone; he will clarify all issues of sin, righteousness and judgement; 
he will speak that which he hears from Allah; he will exalt the 
virtues of Jesus. 1 ™' 

'Nevertheless I tell you the truth; It is expedient for you that I go away; for if 

I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will 

send him unto you. 

And when he is come, he will reprove the world of sin, and of righteousness, 

and of judgment: 

Of sin, because they believe not on me; 

Of righteousness, because 1 go to my Father, and ye see me no more; 

Of judgment, because the prince of this world is judged. 

I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now. 

Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all 

truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that 

shall he speak: and he will show you things to come. 

He shall glorify me: for he shall receive of mine, and shall show it unto 



Barnabas-39 Declaration of Testimony, "There is no god except Allah and 
Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah". 

'Then God gave to the first man upon his thumbs that writing; upon the 
thumb-nail of the right hand it said: "There is only one God, " and upon the 
thumb-nail of the left it said: "Mu ammad is Messenger of God. " '""" 

Barnabas-39 Allah placed the ruh of Muhammad M in the heavens 60 000 years 
before Allah created everything. 1 ™' 

Whereupon Adam opened his mouth and said: "I thank you, O Lord my 
God, that you have deigned to create me; but tell me, I pray you, what 
means the message of these words: "Mu ammad is Messenger of God. 
Have there been other men before me?" Then said God: "Be you welcome, 
O my servant Adam. I tell you that you are the first man whom I have 
created. And he whom you have seen [mentioned] is your son, who shall 
come into the world many years hence, and shall be my Messenger, for 
whom I have created all things; who shall give light to the world when he 
shall come; whose soul was set in a celestial splendour; sixty thousand 
years before I made anything. """" 



Old Testament, Deuteronomy, chapter 18, verse 18, King James Version Bible. 
ioo(, j^ s | ast p j nt j s p roven within the teachings of Islam; a different case with the teachings of Paul who contradicted 
the teachings of Jesus. 

'™ 7 New Testament, Gospel according to John, chapter 16, verses 7-14, King James Version Bible. 
'™ s Gospel of Barnabas, chapter 39, translated by Lonsdale and Laura Ragg, London 1907. 
'™ 9 The contents of the Gospel according to Barnabas are rejected by the Christians themselves. 
1010 Gospel of Barnabas, chapter 39, translated by Lonsdale and Laura Ragg, London 1907. 

Page | 340 



Acts-1 1 :24 Barnabas was a good man, full of the holy Spirit and of faith. (He 

should therefore be believed but he is in fact disavowed). 

'For he was a good man, and full of the Holy Ghost and of faith: and much 
people was added unto the Lord. '""' 

Islam is the religion that resolves and perfects 



The Islam brought by the Prophet Muhammad % functions as that which 
resolves and perfects the imperfections executed by the People of the Book ( h- 1 -^' <-W 
Ahli-1-Kitab ) who concealed and replaced the Word of Allah, both that which was in the 
Taurat and the Injil (2:87):- 

- ,-- ,.- u , - ,, -«--,--, , ,,- 

p-i^* jV.I jo-w-^P u_uUJ ( L«lIu ^aJjtj -jj» 1 '.^o q j ^_^SJ I t-MjA u_u U -ULlj 

And indeed, We gave Miisa (Moses) the Book and followed him up with a 
succession of Messengers. And We gave Isa (Jesus), the son of Maryam 
(Mary), clear signs and supported him with Ru -ul-Qudus [JihrTl 
(Gabriel)]. Is it that whenever there came to you a messenger with what you 
yourselves desired not, you grew arrogant? Some, you disbelieved and 
some, you killed. "" 2 

And Al Quran was sent down so that they would be faithful to Allah and 
towards Al Quran (2:89):- 

^_j„j&&S\ Js- JjI s^iij ^_, lj|yL^= l^i/ 1 U (*jvL?- ills Ijj-iS" ^.ojl jjp 



And when there came to them (the Jews), a Book (this Qur an) from Allah 
confirming what is with them [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], 
although aforetime they had invoked Allah (for coming ofMu ammad M) in 
order to gain victory over those who disbelieved, then when there came to 
them that which they had recognised, they disbelieved in it. So let the Curse 
of Allah be on the disbelievers.'" 3 

The attitude of many of the People of the Book evokes many contradictions, 
mistakes, and discordance within the contents of their 'Holy Book'. We can examine this 
issue from the following. 



1011 New Testament, Acts, chapter 11, verse 24, King James Version Bible. 

1012 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 87. 
10,3 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 89. 



Page I 341 



The belief that Jesus is God 

Matthew-7:21 Jesus rejected the title 'Lord' for himself. 

'Not every one that saith unto me, Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom 
of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven. '"'" 

Matthew- 15:9 

'But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments 
of men. '""' 

Revelation(s)-19:10 Jesus himself forbids people to prostrate and worship 

him. 

'And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it 
not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of 
Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy. '""' 

Matthew- 16:22-23 Jesus rebukes Peter for calling him Lord 

'Then Peter took him, and began to rebuke him, saying, Be it far from thee, 
Lord: this shall not be unto thee. 

But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an 
offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those 
that be of men. '"" 7 

Matthew-16:20 Jesus himself rejected the title of Christ. 

'Then charged he his disciples that they should tell no man that he was 
Jesus the Christ. '""" 

Mark-13:5-6 Jesus reminds his disciples not to be mislead by people. Who are 
they that mislead? Those who state that Jesus is Christ. 

And Jesus answering them began to say, Take heed lest any man deceive 

you: 

For many shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive 

many. '•"•' 

Mark- 13:21 Also, when there is a time that someone says, "look, here is the 

Christ!", don't believe it. 

And then if any man shall say to you, Lo, here is Christ; or, lo, he is there; 



114 New Testament, Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 7, verse 21, King James Version Bible. 
Ils New Testament, Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 15, verse 9, King James Version Bible. 

116 New Testament, Revelation(s), chapter 19, verse 10, King James Version Bible. 

117 New Testament, Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 16, verses 22-23, King James Version Bible. 
Ils New Testament, Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 16, verse 20, King James Version Bible. 

119 New Testament, Gospel according to Mark, chapter 13, verses 5-6, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 342 



believe him not: " m ° 

Galatians-2: 15-21 The person who taught that Jesus is the Christ was Paul. 

'We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles, 

Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith 

of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be 

justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the 

works of the law shall no flesh be justified. 

But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found 

sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid. 

For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a 

transgressor. 

For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God. 

I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in 

me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of 

God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. 

I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, 

then Christ is dead in vain. nm ' 

Is it true that the character of Allah is flawed? 

Genesis-3:15 That Allah incites enmity; 

'And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed 
and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. ' w22 

Joshua-24:19 That Allah is jealous; 

'And Joshua said unto the people, Ye cannot serve the LORD: for he is an 
holy God; he is a jealous God; he will not forgive your transgressions nor 
your sins. '" 21 

Psalms-18:27 That Allah is haughty; 

'For thou wilt save the afflicted people; but wilt bring down high looks. ' m * 

Matthew-3 : 1 6 That the Spirit of Allah is like a dove; 

'And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: 
and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God 
descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: "° 25 

Genesis- 1 1 :6-9 That Allah descends to the earth to stir up trouble; 



New Testament, Gospel according to Mark, chapter 13, verse 21, King James Version Bible. 

1 New Testament, Galatians, chapter 2, verses 15-21, King James Version Bible. 

2 Old Testament, Genesis, chapter 3, verse 15, King James Version Bible. 

3 Old Testament, Joshua, chapter 24, verse 19, King James Version Bible. 

4 Old Testament, Psalms, chapter 18, verse 27, King James Version Bible. 

5 New Testament, Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 3, verse 16, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 343 



'And the LORD said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one 

language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained 

from them, which they have imagined to do. 

Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not 

understand one another's speech. 

So the LORD scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the 

earth: and they left off to build the city. 

Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the LORD did there 

confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the LORD 

scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth. ' w2t 

Ezekiel-21:5-10 That Allah will punish 'mankind' by means of a sword, arrows and 
Psalms-7:13-14 other instruments that kill; 



'That all flesh may know that I the LORD have drawn forth my sword out of 

his sheath: it shall not return any more. 

Sigh therefore, thou son of man, with the breaking of thy loins; and with 

bitterness sigh before their eyes. 

And it shall be, when they say unto thee, Wherefore sighest thou ? that thou 

shalt answer, For the tidings; because it cometh: and every heart shall melt, 

and all hands shall be feeble, and every spirit shall faint, and all knees shall 

be weak as water: behold, it cometh, and shall be brought to pass, saith the 

Lord GOD. 

Again the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, 

Son of man, prophesy, and say, Thus saith the LORD; Say, A sword, a 

sword is sharpened, and also furbished: 

It is sharpened to make a sore slaughter; it is furbished that it may glitter: 

should we then make mirth ? it contemneth the rod of my son, as every 

tree. '"> 27 

'He hath also prepared for him the instruments of death; He maketh his 
arrows fiery [shafts]. 

Behold, he travaileth with iniquity, and hath conceived mischief and 
brought forth falsehood. " ms 

Genesis-6:5-7 That Allah was sorry for creating 'mankind' and grieved; 



'And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that 
every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. 
And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it 
grieved him at his heart. 

And the LORD said, I will destroy man whom I have created from the face 
of the earth; both man, and beast, and the creeping thing, and the fowls of 
the air; for it repenteth me that I have made them '. ,m " 

Joel-3:8 That Allah sells sons and daughters; 



Old Testament, Genesis, chapter 11, verses 6-9, King James Version Bible. 
1027 Old Testament, Ezekiel, chapter 21, verses 5-10, King James Version Bible. 
In2s Old Testament, Psalms, chapter 7, verses 13-14, King James Version Bible. 
1029 Old Testament, Genesis, chapter 6, verses 5-7, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 344 



And I will sell your sons and your daughters into the hand of the children 
ofjudah, and they shall sell them to the Sabeans, to a people far off: for the 
LORD hath spoken it. '•<"" 

Isaiah-42: 14 That Allah will cry like a woman in labour. 

'I have long time holden my peace; I have been still, and refrained myself: 
now will I cry like a travailing woman; I will destroy and devour at 
once. "<"' 

Al Quran 

6:100 The Most-Pure Allah is free form defections such as those above. 

37:180 

43:82 



* ' ' t. ' 

Yet, they join the jinns as partners in worship with Allah, though He has 
created them (the jinns), and they attribute falsely without knowledge sons 
and daughters to Him. Be He glorified and exalted above (all) that they 
attribute to Him." 12 



Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of honour and power! (He is Free) from 
what they attribute unto Him! 10 " 



l'""J: Qj .,r\± l_«-p J?<*_fJ I Cijj ( Jaj 2 lj 0>'^_«_^J I Cljj Cr s ^ M1 

Glorified be the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the Lord of the Throne! 
Exalted be He from all that they ascribe (to Him)."" 4 

Is it reasonable that Prophets be accursed? 

Jeremiah-23 : 1 1 Prophets and priests are profane; 

'For both prophet and priest are profane; yea, in my house have I found 
their wickedness, saith the LORD. ''"' 



030 Old Testament, Joel, ehapter 3, verse 8, King James Version Bible. 

031 Old Testament, Isaiah, chapter 42, verse 14, King James Version Bible. 

032 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 100. 

033 Surah Al SafHt (37), ayah 1 80. 

034 Surah Al Zukhruf (43), ayah 82. 

Old Testament, Jeremiah, chapter 23, verse 11, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 345 



Jeremiah-23 : 1 3 All Samarian Prophets lead people astray; 

'And I have seen folly in the prophets of Samaria; they prophesied in Baal, 
and caused my people Israel to err. '""" 

Jeremiah-23: 14 Prophets of Jerusalem commit adultery; 

'I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing: they 
commit adultery, and walk in lies: they strengthen also the hands of 
evildoers, that none doth return from his wickedness: they are all of them 
unto me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah. '"" 

Jeremiah-23 :25 Prophets lie; 

7 have heard what the prophets said, that prophesy lies in my name, saying, 
I have dreamed, I have dreamed. " ou 

Jeremiah-23 :30 Prophets steal; 

'Therefore, behold, I am against the prophets, saith the LORD, that steal 
my words every one from his neighbour. '""" 

Ezekiel-13:3 Prophets are foolish; 

'Thus saith the Lord GOD; Woe unto the foolish prophets, that follow their 
own spirit, and have seen nothing! '">""> 

II Samuel-6:5 David played music; 

'And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all 
manner of instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, 
and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals. ''"' 

II Samuel-1 1:2-4 David committed adultery with Bathsheba, wife of Uriah; 

'And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, 
and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a 
woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon. 
And David sent and inquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this 
Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite? 
And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he 
lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned 
unto her house. '""" 

II Samuel-1 l:12-17David plotted to kill Uraih; 



Old Testament, Jeremiah, ehapter 23, verse 13, King James Version Bible. 
7 Old Testament, Jeremiah, ehapter 23, verse 14, King James Version Bible. 
s Old Testament, Jeremiah, ehapter 23, verse 25, King James Version Bible. 
9 Old Testament, Jeremiah, ehapter 23, verse 30, King James Version Bible. 

Old Testament, Ezekiel, chapter 13, verse 3, King James Version Bible. 

1 Old Testament, II Samuel, chpater 6, verse 5, King James Version Bible. 

2 Old Testament, II Samuel, chapter 11, verses 2-4, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 346 



And David said to Uriah, Tarry here to day also, and to morrow I will let 

thee depart. So Uriah abode in Jerusalem that day, and the morrow. 

And when David had called him, he did eat and drink before him; and he 

made him drunk: and at even he went out to lie on his bed with the servants 

of his lord, but went not down to his house. 

And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and 

sent it by the hand of Uriah. 

And he wrote in the letter, saying, Set ye Uriah in the forefront of the hottest 

battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die. 

And it came to pass, when Joab observed the city, that he assigned Uriah 

unto a place where he knew that valiant men were. 

And the men of the city went out, and fought with Joab: and there fell some 

of the people of the servants of David; and Uriah the Hittite died also. ''" 3 

I Kings-1 1 :4 Solomon turned his heart to other gods; 

IKings-ll:ll 

'For it came to pass, when Solomon was old, that his wives turned away his 
heart after other gods: and his heart was not perfect with the LORD his 
God, as was the heart of David his father. ''"" 

'Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of 
thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have 
commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it 
to thy servant. '"" 

Genesis-9:21 Noah became drunk and naked; 

And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within 
his tent. '"""' 

Genesis-19:30-36 Lot committed incest with two of his daughters and they both 
became pregnant; 



And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain, and his two 

daughters with him; for he feared to dwell in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, 

he and his two daughters. 

And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father is old, and there is not a 

man in the earth to come in unto us after the manner of all the earth: 

And they made their father drink wine that night: and the firstborn went in, 

and lay with her father; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when 

she arose. 

And it came to pass on the morrow, that the firstborn said unto the younger, 

Behold, I lay yesternight with my father: let us make him drink wine this 

night also; and go thou in, and lie with him, that we may preserve seed of 

our father. 

And they made their father drink wine that night also: and the younger 



Old Testament, II Samuel, chapter 11, verses 12-17, King James Version Bible. 

4 Old Testament, I Kings, chapter 11, verse 4, King James Version Bible. 

5 Old Testament, I Kings, chapter 11, verse 11, King James Version Bible. 

6 Old Testament, Genesis, chapter 9, verse 11, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 347 



arose, and lay with him; and he perceived not when she lay down, nor when 

she arose. 

Thus were both the daughters of Lot with child by their father. ''"" 

Genesis-27:35 Jacob committed fraud; 

'And he said, Thy brother came with subtlety, and hath taken away thy 
blessing. '""" 

Genesis-32:24-30 Jacob wrestled with Allah 'and won'. 

'And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the 

breaking of the day. 

And when he saw that he prevailed not against him, he touched the hollow 

of his thigh; and the hollow of Jacob 's thigh was out of joint, as he wrestled 

with him. 

And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee 

go, except thou bless me. 

And he said unto him, What is thy name ? And he said, Jacob. 

And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a 

prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed. 

And Jacob asked him, and said, Tell me, I pray thee, thy name. And he said, 

Wherefore is it that thou dost ask after my name? And he blessed him there. 

And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to 

face, and my life is preserved. '""" 



If the above mentioned Prophets truly possessed qualities like those above, 
then the name of Jesus would certainly not be mentioned 

Isaiah-14:20 

'Thou shalt not be joined with them in burial, because thou hast destroyed 
thy land, and slain thy people: the seed of evildoers shall never be 
renowned. '""" 

Because Jesus (is renowned and) is the descendant of the various Prophets 
mentioned above. 

Matthew-l:l-17 
Luke-3:23-38 

'The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of 

Abraham. The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the 

son of Abraham. 

Abraham begat Isaac; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat Judas and 

his brethren; 

And Judas begat Phares and Zara of Thamar; and Phares begat Esrom; 

and Esrom begat Aram; 



Old Testament, Genesis, chapter 19, verses 30-36, King James Version Bible. 
s Old Testament, Genesis, chapter 27, verse 35, King James Version Bible. 
9 Old Testament, Genesis, chapter 32, verses 24-30, King James Version Bible. 
Old Testament, Isaiah, chapter 14, verse 20, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 348 



And Aram begat Aminadab; and Aminadab begat Naasson; and Naasson 

begat Salmon; 

And Salmon begat Booz of Rachab; and Booz begat Obed of Ruth; and 

Obed begat Jesse; 

And Jesse begat David the king; and David the king begat Solomon of her 

that had been the wife of Urias; 

And Solomon begat Roboam; and Roboam begat Abia; andAbia begat Asa; 

And Asa begat Josaphat; and Josaphat begat Joram; and Joram begat 

Ozias; 

And Ozias begat Joatham; and Joatham begat Achaz; and Achaz begat 

Ezekias; 

And Ezekias begat Manasses; and Manasses begat Amon; and Anion begat 

Josias; 

And Josias begat Jechonias and his brethren, about the time they were 

carried away to Babylon: 

And after they were brought to Babylon, Jechonias begat Salathiel; and 

Salathiel begat Zorobabel;; 

And Zorobabel begat Abiud; and Abiud begat Eliakim; and Eliakim begat 

Azor; 

And Azor begat Sadoc; and Sadoc begat Achim; and Achim begat Eliud; 

And Eliud begat Eleazar; and Eleazar begat Matthan; and Matthan begat 

Jacob; 

And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, 

who is called Christ. 

So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations; 

and from David until the carrying away into Babylon are fourteen 

generations; and from the carrying away into Babylon unto Christ are 

fourteen generations. '"" 

'And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was 
supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of'Heli, And Jesus himself 
began to be about thirty years of age, being (as was supposed) the son of 
Joseph, which was the son of'Heli, 

Which was the son of'Matthat, which was the son of Levi, which was the son 
of'Melchi, which was the son of J anna, which was the son of Joseph, 
Which was the son of Mattathias, which was the son of Amos, which was the 
son of'Naum, which was the son ofEsli, which was the son of'Nagge, 
Which was the son ofMaath, which was the son of Mattathias, which was 
the son ofSemei, which was the son of Joseph, which was the son ofjuda, , 
Which was the son of Joanna, which was the son ofRhesa, which was the 
son of Zorobabel, which was the son of Salathiel, which was the son ofNeri, 
Which was the son ofMelchi, which was the son ofAddi, which was the son 
of'Cosam, which was the son ofElmodam, which was the son of'Er, 
Which was the son of Jose, which was the son ofEliezer, which was the son 
ofjorim, which was the son ofMatthat, which was the son of Levi, 
Which was the son of Simeon, which was the son ofjuda, which was the son 
of Joseph, which was the son ofjonan, which was the son of Eliakim, 
Which was the son of'Melea, which was the son ofMenan, which was the 
son of Mattatha, which was the son of Nathan, which was the son of David, 
Which was the son of Jesse, which was the son of Obed, which was the son 



1 New Testament, Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 1, verses 1-17, King James Version Bible. 

Page | 349 



of Boot, which was the son of Salmon, which was the son ofNaasson, 
Which was the son of Aminadab, which was the son of Aram, which was the 
son ofEsrom, which was the son of'Phares, which was the son ofjuda, 
Which was the son of Jacob, which was the son of Isaac, which was the son 
of Abraham, which was the son of'Thara, which was the son ofNachor, 
Which was the son of Saruch, which was the son ofRagau, which was the 
son of'Phalec, which was the son ofHeber, which was the son of Sola, 
Which was the son of'Cainan, which was the son of Arphaxad, which was 
the son ofSem, which was the son ofNoe, which was the son of Lantech, 
Which was the son of Mathusala, which was the son of Enoch, which was 
the son of Jared, which was the son of Maleleel, which was the son of 
Cainan, 

Which was the son ofEnos, which was the son ofSeth, which was the son of 
Adam, which was the son of God. ' ,ml 

Compare the above descriptions with the noble characters of those Prophets as 
mentioned in the narratives within Al Quran. 

Who brought the teachings of the Injll? 

Allah bestows or reveals the quintessence of a Holy Book to a Messenger or 
Prophet at the time that Messenger or Prophet is alive. Is it possible therefore, for a Holy 
Book to be delivered or created at a time after the death of the Prophet who was teaching 
from said Holy Book? Even by means of someone else's worded account to another 
person? Within the Taurat ('Old Testament') it is narrated that the death of the Prophet 
Musa ssa occurred when he was 1 20 years old 

Deuteronomy-34:7 

And Moses was an hundred and twenty years old when he died: his eye was 
not dim, nor his natural force abated. """ 

Within the Injll (New Testament) is narrated the death of Isa sssBi 

Matthew-27:45-50 
Mark-15:33-37 
Luke-23:44-46 
John-19:28-30 

'Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth 

hour. 

And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, 

lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken 

me? 

Some of them that stood there, when they heard that, said, This man calleth 

for Elias. 

And straightway one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it with 

vinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave him to drink. 



New Testament, Gospel according to Luke, chapter 3, verses 23-38, King James Version Bible. 
3 Old Testament, Deuteronomy, chapter 34, verse 7, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 350 



The rest said, Let be, let us see whether Elias will come to save him. 
Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost. '"'" 

'And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land 

until the ninth hour. 

And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama 

sabachthani? which is, being interpreted, My God, my God, why hast thou 

forsaken me? 

And some of them that stood by, when they heard it, said, Behold, he calleth 

Elias. 

And one ran and filled a sponge full of vinegar, and put it on a reed, and 

gave him to drink, saying, Let alone; let us see whether Elias will come to 

take him down. 

And Jesus cried with a loud voice, and gave up the ghost. '""' 

'And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth 
until the ninth hour. 

And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst. 
And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands 
I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost. ''° 56 

'After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the 

scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst. 

Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a sponge with 

vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth. 

When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and 

he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost. '"" 

Afterwards Isa SS3 (Jesus) was buried 

Matthew-27:57-66 

Luke-23:50-56 

John-19:38-42 

'When the even was come, there came a rich man of Arimathaea, named 

Joseph, who also himself was Jesus' disciple: 

He went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded 

the body to be delivered.. 

And when Joseph had taken the body, he wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, 

And laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock: and he 

rolled a great stone to the door of the sepulchre, and departed. 

And there was Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary, sitting over against 

the sepulchre. 

Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests 

and Pharisees came together unto Pilate, 

Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, 

After three days I will rise again. 

Command therefore that the sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest 



New Testament, Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 27, verses 45-50, King James Version Bible. 
s New Testament, Gospel according to Mark, chapter 15, verses 33-37, King James Version Bible. 

6 New Testament, Gospel according to Luke, chapter 23, verses 44-46, King James Version Bible. 

7 New Testament, Gospel according to John, chapter 19, verses 28-30, King James Version Bible. 



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his disciples come by night, and steal him away, and say unto the people, 

He is risen from the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first. 

Pilate said unto them, Ye have a watch: go your way, make it as sure as ye 

can 

So they went, and made the sepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a 

watch. """• 

'And, behold, there was a man named Joseph, a counsellor; and he was a 

good man, and a just: 

(The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them;) he was of 

Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of 

God. 

This man went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. 

And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that 

was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid. 

And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on. 

And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and 

beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid. 

And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the 

sabbath day according to the commandment. '""' 

'And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly 
for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of 
Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of 
Jesus. 

And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, 
and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight. 
Then took they the body of Jesus, and wound it in linen clothes with the 
spices, as the manner of the Jews is to bury. 

Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden; and in the 
garden a new sepulchre, wherein was never man yet laid. 
There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews ' preparation day; for 
the sepulchre was nigh at hand. '""" 

Then the resurrection of 'Isa SSI (Jesus) 

Matthew-28:1-10 
Mark-16:l-8 
Luke-24:1-12 
John-20:l-10 

'In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the 
week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre. 
And, behold, there was a great earthquake: for the angel of the Lord 
descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, 
and sat upon it. 

His countenance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow: 
And for fear of him the keepers did shake, and became as dead men. 
And the angel answered and said unto the women, Fear not ye: for I know 



New Testament, Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 27, verses 57-66, King James Version Bible. 
9 New Testament, Gospel according to Luke, chapter 23, verses 50-56, King James Version Bible. 
New Testament, Gospel according to John, chapter 19, verses 38-42, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 352 



that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified. 

He is not here: for he is risen, as he said. Come, see the place where the 

Lord lay. 

And go quickly, and tell his disciples that he is risen from the dead; and, 

behold, he goeth before you into Galilee; there shall ye see him: lo, I have 

told you. 

And they departed quickly from the sepulchre with fear and great joy; and 

did run to bring his disciples word. 

And as they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, All 

hail. And they came and held him by the feet, and worshipped him. 

Then said Jesus unto them, Be not afraid: go tell my brethren that they go 

into Galilee, and there shall they see me. "°" 

'And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of 

James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and 

anoint him. 

And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the 

sepulchre at the rising of the sun. 

And they said among themselves, Who shall roll us away the stone from the 

door of the sepulchre? 

And when they looked, they saw that the stone was rolled away: for it was 

very great. 

And entering into the sepulchre, they saw a young man sitting on the right 

side, clothed in a long white garment; and they were affrighted. 

And he saith unto them, Be not affrighted: Ye seek Jesus of Nazareth, which 

was crucified: he is risen; he is not here: behold the place where they laid 

him. 

But go your way, tell his disciples and Peter that he goeth before you into 

Galilee: there shall ye see him, as he said unto you. 

And they went out quickly, and fled from the sepulchre; for they trembled 

and were amazed: neither said they any thing to any man; for they were 

afraid. ™ 2 

'Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came 

unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and 

certain others with them. 

And they found the stone rolled away from the sepulchre. 

And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus. 

And it came to pass, as they were much perplexed thereabout, behold, two 

men stood by them in shining garments: 

And as they were afraid, and bowed down their faces to the earth, they said 

unto them, Why seek ye the living among the dead? 

He is not here, but is risen: remember how he spake unto you when he was 

yet in Galilee, 

Saying, The Son of man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and 

be crucified, and the third day rise again. 

And they remembered his words, 

And returned from the sepulchre, and told all these things unto the eleven, 

and to all the rest. 



New Testament, Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 28, verses 1-10, King James Version Bible. 
2 New Testament, Gospel according to Mark, chapter 16, verses 1-8, King James Version Bible. 



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It was Mary Magdalene, and Joanna, and Mary the mother of James, and 
other women that were with them, which told these things unto the apostles. 
And their words seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed them not. 
Then arose Peter, and ran unto the sepulchre; and stooping down, he 
beheld the linen clothes laid by themselves, and departed, wondering in 
himself at that which was come to pass. '"" 3 

'The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet 

dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the 

sepulchre. 

Then she runneth, and cometh to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, 

whom Jesus loved, and saith unto them, They have taken away the Lord out 

of the sepulchre, and we know not where they have laid him. 

Peter therefore went forth, and that other disciple, and came to the 

sepulchre. 

So they ran both together: and the other disciple did outrun Peter, and 

came first to the sepulchre. 

And he stooping down, and looking in, saw the linen clothes lying; yet went 

he not in. 

Then cometh Simon Peter following him, and went into the sepulchre, and 

seeth the linen clothes lie, 

And the napkin, that was about his head, not lying with the linen clothes, but 

wrapped together in a place by itself. 

Then went in also that other disciple, which came first to the sepulchre, and 

he saw, and believed. 

For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the 

dead. 

Then the disciples went away again unto their own home. '"" 

In fact, the one who died in the crucifixion was not Isa 3SSI (Jesus) but 
someone who was made to resemble him in face, body, disposition, and voice, by Allah; 
namely Judas Iscariot because he was a traitor. Whereas Isa 3S3 (Jesus) died naturally 
and resides within the ranks close to Allah. This issue is recorded by Barnabas, - 'a good 
man, full of the holy Spirit and of faith' - Acts-1 1:24 

The Gospel - Injll - of Barnabas: 

216:1-13 'Judas transformed' 

'Judas entered impetuously before all into the chamber whence Jesus had 
been taken up. And the disciples were sleeping. Whereupon the wonderful 
God acted wonderfully, insomuch that Judas was so changed in speech and 
in face to be like Jesus that we believed him to be Jesus. And he, having 
awakened us, was seeking where the Master was. Whereupon we marvelled, 
and answered: 'You, Lord, are our master; have you now forgotten us? ' 
And he, smiling, said: 'Now are you foolish, that know not me to be Judas 
Iscariot!' And as he was saying this the soldiery entered, and laid their 
hands upon Judas, because he was in every way like to Jesus. We having 
heard Judas' saying, and seeing the multitude of soldiers, fled as beside 



New Testament, Gospel according to Luke, chapter 24, verses 1-12, King James Version Bible. 
4 New Testament, Gospel according to John, chapter 20, verses 1-10, King James Version Bible. 



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ourselves. And John, who was wrapped in a linen cloth, awoke and fled, 
and when a soldier seized him by the linen cloth he left the linen cloth and 
fled naked. For God heard the prayer of Jesus, and saved the eleven from 
evil. ■«"" 

217:1-88 'Judas was crucified' 

'The soldiers took Judas ;and bound him, not without derision. For he 
truthfully denied that he was Jesus; and the soldiers, mocking him, said: 
'Sir, fear not, for we are come to make you king of Israel, and we have 
bound you because we know that you do refuse the kingdom. 'Judas 
answered: 'Now have you lost your senses! You are come to take Jesus of 
Nazareth;, with arms and lanterns as [against] a robber and you have 
bound me that have guided you, to make me king! ' 

Then the soldiers lost their patience, and with blows and kicks they began to 
flout Judas, and they led him with fury into Jerusalem. John and Peter 
followed the soldiers afar off and they affirmed to him who writes that they 
saw all the examination that was made of Judas by the high priest, and by 
the council of the Pharisees, who were assembled to put Jesus to death. 
Whereupon Judas spoke many words of madness, insomuch that every one 
was filled with laughter, believing that he was really Jesus, and that for fear 
of death he was feigning madness. Whereupon the scribes bound his eyes 
with a bandage, and mocking him said: 'Jesus, prophet of the Nazarenes 
(for so they called them who believed in Jesus), 'tell us, who was it that 
smote you ? ' And they buffeted him and spat in his face. 
When it was morning there assembled the great council of scribes and 
elders of the people and the high priest with the Pharisees sought false 
witness against Judas, believing him to be Jesus and they found not that 
which they sought. And why say I that the chief priests believed Judas to be 
Jesus? No all the disciples, with him who writes, believed it and more, the 
poor Virgin mother of Jesus, with his kinsfolk and friends, believed it, 
insomuch that the sorrow of every one was incredible. 
As God lives, he who writes forgot all that Jesus had said how that he 
should be taken up from the world, and that he should suffer in a third 
person, and that he should not die until near the end of the world. 
Wherefore he went with the mother of Jesus and with John to the cross. The 
high priest caused Judas to be brought before him bound, and asked him of 
his disciples and his doctrine. Whereupon Judas, as though beside himself, 
answered nothing to the point. The high priest then adjured him by the 
living God of Israel that he would tell him the truth. 

Judas answered: T have told you that I am Judas Iscariot, who promised to 
give into your hands Jesus the Nazarene and you, by what are I know not, 
are beside yourselves, for you will have it by every means that I am Jesus. ' 
The high priest answered: 'O perverse seducer, you have deceived all 
Israel, beginning from Galilee even to Jerusalem here, with your doctrine 
and false miracles and now think you to flee the merited punishment that 
befits you by feigning to be mad? 

As God lives, 'you shall not escape it! ' And having said this he commanded 
his servants to smite him with buffetings and kicks, so that his 



Gospel of Barnabas, chapter 216, verses 1-13, translated by Lonsdale and Laura Ragg, London 1907. 
http://barnabas.net/ 



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understanding might come back into his head. The derision which he then 
suffered at the hands of the high priest's servants is past belief. For they 
zealously devised new inventions to give pleasure to the council. So they 
attired him as a juggler, and so treated him with hands and feet that it 
would have moved the very Canaanites to compassion if they had beheld 
that sight. But the chief priests and Pharisees and elders of the people had 
their hearts so exasperated against Jesus that, believing Judas to be really 
Jesus, they took delight in seeing him so treated. 

Afterwards they led him bound to the governor, who secretly loved Jesus. 
Whereupon he, thinking that Judas was Jesus, made him enter into his 
chamber, and spoke to him, asking him for what cause the chief priests and 
the people had given him into his hands. Judas answered: 'If I tell you the 
truth, you will not believe me for perhaps you are deceived as the (chief) 
priests and the Pharisees are deceived. ' 

The governor answered (thinking that he wished to speak concerning the 
Law): 'Now know you not that I am not a Jew? but the (chief) priests and 
the elders of your people have given you into my hand wherefore tell us the 
truth, wherefore I may do what is just. For I have power to set you free and 
to put you to death. ' Judas answered: 'Sir, believe me, if you put me to 
death, you shall do a great wrong, for you shall slay an innocent person 
seeing that I am Judas Iscariot, and not Jesus, who is a magician, and by his 
are has so transformed me. ' 

When he heard this the governor marvelled greatly, so that he sought to set 
him at liberty. The governor therefore went out, and smiling said: 'In the 
one case, at least, this man is not worthy of death, but rather of 
compassion. ' 'This man says ', said the governor, 'that he is not Jesus, but a 
certain Judas who guided the soldiery to take Jesus, and he says that Jesus 
the Galilean has by his are magic so transformed him. Wherefore, if this be 
true, it were a great wrong to kill him, seeing that he were innocent. But if 
he is Jesus and denies that he is, assuredly he has lost his understanding, 
and it were impious to slay a madman. ' 

Then the chief priests and elders of the people, with the scribes and 
Pharisees, cried out with shouts, saying: 'He is Jesus of Nazareth, for we 
know him; for if he were not the malefactor we would not have given him 
into your hands. Nor is he mad but rather malignant, for with this device he 
seeks to escape from our hands, and the sedition that he would stir up if he 
should escape would be worse than the former. ' Pilate (of such was the 
governor's name), in order to rid himself of such a case, said: 'He is a 
Galilean, and Herod is king of Galilee wherefore it pertains not to me to 
judge such a case, so take you him to Herod. ' 

Accordingly they led Judas to Herod, who of a long time had desired that 
Jesus should go to his house. But Jesus had never been willing to go to his 
house, because Herod was a Gentile, and adored the false and lying gods, 
living after the manner of the unclean Gentiles. Now when Judas had been 
led thither, Herod asked him of many things, to which Judas gave answers 
not to the purpose, denying that he was Jesus. Then Herod mocked him, 
with all his court, and caused him to be clad in white as the fools are clad, 
and sent him back to Pilate, saying to him, 'Do not fail in justice to the 
people of Israel! And this Herod wrote, because the chief priests and 
scribes and the Pharisees had given him a good quantity of money. The 
governor having heard that this was so from a servant of Herod, in order 
that he also might gain some money, feigned that he desired to set Judas at 



Page | 356 



liberty. 

Whereupon he caused him to be scourged by his slaves, who were paid by 
the scribes to slay him under the scourges. But God, who had decreed the 
issue, reserved Judas for the cross, in order that he might suffer that 
horrible death to which he had sold another. He did not suffer Judas to die 
under the scourges, notwithstanding that the soldiers scourged him so 
grievously that his body rained blood. Thereupon, in mockery they clad him 
in an old purple garment, saying: 'It is fitting to our new king to clothe him 
and crown him': so they gathered thorns and made a crown, like those of 
gold and precious stones which kings wear on their heads. And this crown 
of thorns they placed upon Judas ' head, putting in his hand a reed for 
sceptre, and they made him sit in a high place. 

And the soldiers came before him, bowing down in mockery, saluting him as 
King of the Jews. And they held out their hands to receive gifts, such as new 
kings are accustomed to give and receiving nothing they smote Judas, 
saying: 'Now, how are you crowned, foolish king, if you will not pay your 
soldiers and servants?' The chief priests with the scribes and Pharisees, 
seeing that Judas died not by the scourges, and fearing lest Pilate should set 
him at liberty, made a gift of money to the governor, who having received it 
gave Judas to the scribes and Pharisees as guilty to death. Whereupon they 
condemned two robbers with him to the death of the cross. 
So they led him to Mount Calvary, where they used to hang malefactors, 
and there they crucified him naked, for the greater ignominy. Judas truly 
did nothing else but cry out: 'God, why have you forsaken me, seeing the 
malefactor has escaped and I die unjustly? ' Truly I say that the voice, the 
face, and the person of Judas were so like to Jesus, that his disciples and 
believers entirely believed that he was Jesus wherefore some departed from 
the doctrine of Jesus, believing that Jesus had been a false prophet, and that 
by art magic he had done the miracles which he did: for Jesus had said that 
he should not die till near the end of the world; for that at that time he 
should be taken away from the world. 

But they that stood firm in the doctrine of Jesus were so encompassed with 
sorrow, seeing him die who was entirely like to Jesus, that they remembered 
not what Jesus had said. And so in company with the mother of Jesus they 
went to Mount Calvary, and were not only present at the death of Judas, 
weeping continually, but by means of Nicodemus and Joseph of 
Abarimathia they obtained from the governor the body of Judas to bury it. 
Whereupon, they took him down from the cross with such weeping as 
assuredly no one would believe, and buried him in the new sepulchre of 
Joseph having wrapped him up in an hundred pounds of precious 
ointments. '"""' 

218:1-9 'Body of Judas stolen' 

'Then returned each man to his house. He who writes, with John and James 
his brother, went with the mother of Jesus to Nazareth. 
Those disciples who did not fear God went by night [and] stole the body of 
Judas and hid it, spreading a report that Jesus was risen again whence 
great confusion arose. The high priest then commanded, under pain of 



' Gospel of Barnabas, chapter 217, verses 1-88, translated by Lonsdale and Laura Ragg, London 1907. 
http://barnabas.net/ 



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anathema, that no one should talk of Jesus of Nazareth. And so there arose 
a great persecution, and many were stoned and many beaten, and many 
banished from the land, because they could not hold their peace on such a 
matter. 

The news reached Nazareth how that Jesus, their fellow citizen, having died 
on the cross was risen again. Whereupon, he that writes prayed the mother 
of Jesus that she would be pleased to leave off weeping, because her son 
was risen again. Hearing this, the Virgin Mary, weeping, said: 'Let us go to 
Jerusalem to find my son. I shall die content when I have seen him. '""" 

219:1-17 'Jesus appeareth to his mother and his disciples' 

'The Virgin returned to Jerusalem with him who writes, and James and 
John, on that day on which the decree of the high priest went forth. 
Whereupon, the Virgin, who feared God, albeit she knew the decree of the 
high priest to be unjust, commanded those who dwelt with her to forget her 
son. Then how each one was affected! God who discerns the heart of men 
knows that between grief at the death of Judas whom we believed to be 
Jesus our master, and the desire to see him risen again, we, with the mother 
of Jesus, were consumed. 

So the angels that were guardians of Mary ascended to the third heaven, 
where Jesus was in the company of angels, and recounted all to him. 
Wherefore Jesus prayed God that he would give him power to see his 
mother and his disciples. Then the merciful God commanded his four 
favourite angels, who are Michael, Gabriel, Rafael, and Uriel, to bear 
Jesus into his mother's house, and there keep watch over him for three days 
continually, suffering him only to be seen by them that believed in his 
doctrine. 

Jesus came, surrounded with splendour, to the room where abode Mary the 
Virgin with her two sisters, and Martha and Mary Magdalen, and Lazarus, 
and him who writes, and John and James and Peter. Whereupon, through 
fear they fell as dead. And Jesus lifted up his mother and the others from the 
ground, saying: 'Fear not, for I am Jesus; and weep not, for I am alive and 
not dead. ' They remained every one for a long time beside himself at the 
presence of Jesus, for they altogether believed that Jesus was dead. Then 
the Virgin, weeping, said: 'Tell me, my son, wherefore God, having given 
you power to raise the dead, suffered you to die, to the shame of your 
kinsfolk and friends, and to the shame of your doctrine ? For every one that 
loves you has been as dead. "° a 

220:1-21 'Jesus and the Four Angels' 

'Jesus replied, embracing his mother: 'Believe me, mother, for truly I say to 
you that I have not been dead at all; for God has reserved me till near the 
end of the world. ' And having said this he prayed the four angels that they 
would manifest themselves, and give testimony how the matter had passed. 
Thereupon the angels manifested themselves like four shining suns, 
insomuch that through fear every one again fell down as dead. Then Jesus 



Gospel of Barnabas, chapter 218, verses 1-9, translated by Lonsdale and Laura Ragg, London 1907. 
http://barnabas.net/ 

l06s Gospel of Barnabas, chapter 219, verses 1-17, translated by Lonsdale and Laura Ragg, London 1907. 
http://barnabas.net/ 

Page | 358 



gave four linen cloths to the angels that they might cover themselves, in 
order that they might he seen and heard to speak by his mother and her 
companions. And having lifted up each one, he comforted them, saying: 
'These are the ministers of God: Gabriel, who announces God's secrets; 
Michael, who fights against God's enemies; Rafael, who receives the souls 
of them that die; and Uriel, who will call every one to the judgment of God 
at the last day. Then the four angels narrated to the Virgin how God had 
sent for Jesus, and had transformed Judas, that he might suffer the 
punishment to which he had sold another. 

Then said he who writes: 'O Master, is it lawful for me to question you now, 
as it was lawful for me when you dwelt with us? ' Jesus answered: 'Ask what 
you please, Barnabas, and I will answer you. ' Then said he who writes: 'O 
Master, seeing that God is merciful, wherefore has he so tormented us, 
making us to believe that you were dead? And your mother has so wept for 
you that she has been near to death; and you, who are an holy one of God, 
on you has God suffered to fall the calumny that you were slain amongst 
robbers on the Mount Calvary?' 

Jesus answered: 'Believe me, Barnabas, that every sin, however small it be, 
God punishes with great punishment, seeing that God is offended at sin. 
Wherefore, since my mother and my faithful disciples that were with me 
loved me a little with earthly love, the righteous God has willed to punish 
this love with the present grief, in order that it may not be punished in the 
flames of hell. 

And though I have been innocent in the world, since men have called me 
"God, " and "Son of God, " God, in order that I be not mocked of the 
demons on the day of judgment, has willed that I be mocked of men in this 
world by the death of Judas, making all men to believe that I died upon the 
cross. And this mocking shall continue until the advent ofMu ammad, the 
Messenger of God, who, when he shall come, shall reveal this deception to 
those who believe in God's Law. Having thus spoken, Jesus said: 'You are 
just, O Lord our God, because to you only belongs honour and glory 
without end. " K9 

22 1 : 1 -23 'Jesus chargeth Barnabas to write' 

'Jesus turned himself to him who writes, and said: "Barnabas, see that by 
all means you write my gospel concerning all that has happened through 
my dwelling in the world. And write in a similar manner that which has 
befallen Judas, in order that the faithful may be undeceived, and every one 
may believe the truth. " Then answered he who writes: "I will do so, if God 
wills, Master; but I do not know what happened to Judas, for I did not see 
it. " 

Jesus answered: "Here are John and Peter who saw everything, and they 
will tell you all that has passed. " And then Jesus commanded us to call his 
faithful disciples [so] that they might see him. So James and John called 
together the seven disciples with Nicodemus and Joseph, and many others 
of the seventy-two, and they ate with Jesus. 

The third day Jesus said: "Go to the Mount of Olives with my mother, for 
there I will ascend again to heaven, and you will see who shall bear me up. " 



Gospel of Barnabas, chapter 220, verses 1-21, translated by Lonsdale and Laura Ragg, London 1907. 
http://barnabas.net/ 



Page | 359 



So they all went there except twenty-five of the seventy-two disciples, who 
for fear had fled to Damascus. And as they all stood in prayer, at midday 
Jesus came with a great multitude of angels who were praising God: and 
the splendour of his face made them greatly afraid and they fell with their 
faces to the ground. But Jesus lifted them up, comforting them, and saying: 
"Do not he afraid, I am your master. " 

And he reproved many who believed that he had died and risen again, 
saying: "Do you hold me and God for liars? I said to you that God has 
granted to me to live almost to the end of the world. Truly I say to you, I did 
not die; it was Judas the traitor. Beware, for Satan will make every effort to 
deceive you. Be my witnesses in Israel, and throughout the world, of all 
things that you have heard and seen. " 

And having said this, he prayed God for the salvation of the faithful, and the 
conversion of sinners and [then], his prayer ended, he embraced his 
mother, saying: "Peace be to you, my mother. Rest in God who created you 
and me. " And having said this, he turned to his disciples, saying: "May 
God's grace and mercy be with you. " Then before their eyes the four angels 
carried him up into heaven. '""" 



Compare this with the narrative of the Prophet Isa 359 within Al Quran: 



5:111-118 
4:156-159 



J_^=>b Q\ JLjy IjJli (;■?;; <Ji~-?}^ *J^= Q\ <UJl Ij-fijl Jls jL«_Ul ^a 3JUU 
llJj^. I-L*p ill C)J^> c L^_^J I ^ja 5juI_4 L~Lp ^JjjI lljj J»-gl" (*-& Cf^ lS^? 

A* A* 

ijj (jjj (^UuJl £^ I JLe- I jd-jJlpI *^ LI J_P j<U j_pl ^li i5£~* Jbu ^^S lV^ 

*Jju j*u_«ic- JLai j-uis c-j5 (jJ (J-^sj jJ lV*^ I- 4 J^5' 0' ij Oj^S l- 4 *i-bi^tL-« 
"^1 Lj» C-is U (;'«J: k_J^-JtJl rt-lip C-ol *i-b| ^i-L-_aJ <| L JLLpI *^j ts?-^ (j 1-* 

Uls ^J c~o t- Ijl^ I^Up c^iSj ^jj (jj -&l Ijjl^pI o l -*J tiV*' "^ 



Gospel of Barnabas, chapter 221, verses 1-23, translated by Lonsdale and Laura Ragg, London 1907. 
http://barnabas.net/ 

Page | 360 



And when I (Allah) put in the hearts ofAl- awarin (the disciples) [of ha 
(Jesus)] to believe in Me and my Messenger, they said: "We believe. And 
bear witness that we are Muslims. " 

(remember) when Al- awdriun (the disciples) said: "O Isd (Jesus), son of 
Maryam (Mary)! Can your Lord send down to us a table spread (with food) 
from heaven? Isd (Jesus) said: "Fear Allah, if you are indeed believers." 
IThey said: "We wish to eat thereof and to be stronger in faith, and to know 
that you have indeed told us the truth and that we ourselves he its 
witnesses. " 

Isd (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), said: "O Allah, our Lord! Send us from 
heaven a table spread (with food) that there may be for us -for the first and 
the last of us - a festival and a sign from you; and provide us sustenance, for 
You are the best of sustainers. " 

Allah said: "I am going to send it down unto you, but if any of you after that 
disbelieves, then I will punish him with a torment such as I have not 
inflicted on anyone among (all) the 'Alamln (mankind andjinns). " 
And (remember) when Allah will say (on the Day of Resurrection): "O Isd 
(Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)! Did you say unto men: 'Worship me and 
my mother as two gods besides Allah?'" He will say: : "Glory be to You! It 
was not for me to say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, 
You would surely have known it. You know what is in my inner self though I 
do not know what is in Yours, truly, You, only You, are the All Knower of all 
that is hidden and unseen. 

"Never did I say to them aught except what You (Allah) did command me to 
say: 'Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. ' And I was a witness over 
them while I dwelt amongst them, but when You took me up, You were the 
watcher over them, and You are a witness to all things, (this is a great 
admonition and warning to the Christians of the whole world). 
"If You punish them, they are Your slaves, and if You forgive them, verily 
You, only You are the All Mighty, the All Wise . " w7! 

*$''*,' - > * * >*' , E tf -• , **■* e * * *' ,*-*** ' 

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(^5 \J-^ ^i^ 0_yH 3» 'I3 '1 fj£3 



And because of their (Jews) disbelief and uttering against Maryam (Mary) 
a grave false charge (that she has committed illegal sexual intercourse); 
And because of their saying (in boast), "We killed Messiah Isd (Jesus), son 
of Maryam (Mary), the Messenger of Allah, " - but they killed him not, nor 



1 Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayat 1 1 1-1 18. 

Page | 361 



crucified him, but the resemblance of Isa (Jesus) was put over another man 
(and they killed that man), and those who differ therein are full of doubts. 
They have no (certain) knowledge, they follow nothing but conjecture. For 
surely; they killed him not [i.e. Isa (Jesus), son ofMaryam (Mary)]: 
But Allah raised him [ Isa (Jesus)] up (with his body and soul) unto Himself 
(and he is in the heavens). And Allah is ever All Powerful, All Wise. 
And there is none of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), but 
must believe in him [ Isa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), as only a 
Messenger of Allah and a human being], before his [ Isa (Jesus) or a Jew 's 
or a Christian 's] death (at the time of the appearance of the angel of death). 
And on the Day of Resurrection, he [ Isa (Jesus)] will be a witness against 
them." 72 

Furthermore refer to the narrative of Isa SSBl in the pages to come. 

What of the teachings of Paul? 

I Corinthians-7:18-19 Paul states that circumcised or not circumcised is of no 

importance, because there is no benefit in it; a person 

Titus-l:10 circumcised is insubordinate, an idle talker and a 

deceiver; 

7s any man called being circumcised? Let him not become uncircumcised. 
Is any called in uncircumcision? Let him not be circumcised. 
Circumcision is nothing, and uncircumcision is nothing, but the keeping of 
the commandments of God. " 073 

'For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers, specially they of 
the circumcision: """ 

Galatians-5:2-6 the life of a circumcised person is outside the realm of grace from 
Allah. 

'Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit 

you nothing. 

For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do 

the whole law. 

Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the 

law; ye are fallen from grace. 

For we through the Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith. 

For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor 

uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love. '"" 

Luke-2:21 Whereas Jesus was circumcised; 

And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child, 
his name was called JESUS, which was so named of the angel before he was 



2 Surah AlNisa" (4), ayat 156-159. 

3 New Testament, I Corinthians, chapter 7, verses 18-19, King James Version Bible. 

4 New Testament, Titus, chapter 1, verse 10, King James Version Bible. 

s New Testament, Galatians, chapter 5, verses 2-6, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 362 



conceived in the womb. '""' 

Genesis-17:7-14 and in fact all Prophets were circumcised, as circumcision 
constitutes an everlasting covenant; and the uncircumcised male is 
cut off from his people. 

'And I will establish my covenant between me and thee and thy seed after 

thee in their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be a God unto thee, 

and to thy seed after thee. 

And I will give unto thee, and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein thou 

art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I 

will be their God. 

And God said unto Abraham, Thou shah keep my covenant therefore, thou, 

and thy seed after thee in their generations. 

This is my covenant, which ye shall keep, between me and you and thy seed 

after thee; Every man child among you shall be circumcised. 

And ye shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin; and it shall be a token of 

the covenant betwixt me and you. 

And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man 

child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with 

money of any stranger, which is not of thy seed. 

He that is born in thy house, and he that is bought with thy money, must 

needs be circumcised: and my covenant shall be in your flesh for an 

everlasting covenant. 

And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not 

circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken my 

covenant. '"' 71 

Barnabas-22 'Uncircumcised as dogs' - A dog is more noble than a person who 

is not circumcised. The teachings concerning circumcision within 
the Taurat cannot be nullified, and furthermore the teachings of 

Matthew-5 : 1 7- 1 8 Tsa *SB only fulfil the teachings of the laws within the Taurat and 
do not alter them whatsoever. 

The disciples questioned Jesus on that day, saying: 'O master, why didst 
thou make such answer to the woman, saying that they were dogs? ' 

Jesus answered: 'Verily I say unto you that a dog is better than an 
uncircumcised man. ' Then were the disciples sorrowful, saying: 'Hard are 
these words, and who shall be able to receive them? ' 

Jesus answered: "If ye consider, O foolish ones, what the dog doth, that 
hath no reason, for the service of his master, ye will find my saying to be 
true. Tell me, doth the dog guard the house of his master, and expose his life 
against the robber? Yea, assuredly. But what receiveth he? Many blows and 
injuries with little bread, and he always showeth to his master a joyful 
countenance. Is this true?' 

'True it is, O master, ' answered the disciples. 

Then said Jesus: 'Consider now how much God hath given to man, and 
ye shall see how unrighteous he is in not observing the covenant of God 
made with Abraham his servant. Remember that which David said to Saul 



' New Testament, Gospel according to Luke, chapter 2, verse 21, King James Version Bible. 
7 Old Testament, Genesis, chapter 17, verses 7-14, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 363 



king of Israel, against Goliath the Philistine: "My lord, " said David, 
"while thy servant was keeping thy servant 's flock there came the wolf, the 
bear, and the lion and seized thy servant's sheep whereupon thy servant 
went and slew them, rescuing the sheep. And what is this uncircumcised one 
but like unto them ? Therefore will thy servant go in the name of the Lord 
God of Israel, and will slay this unclean one that blasphemeth the holy 
people of God. " 

Then said the disciples: "Tell us O master for what reason man must 
needs be circumcised?" 

Jesus answered: 'Let it suffice you that God hath commanded it to 
Abraham, saying: "Abraham, circumcise thy foreskin and that of all thy 
house, for this is a covenant between me and thee for ever. " '""" 

'Think not that 1 am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come 
to destroy, but to fulfil. 

For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle 
shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. '""" 



What of permissible (halal - J ^Jpand forbidden (haram - fj"4 
foods? 

Leviticus-10:9 Isa SH forbade the meat of pig/swine; drinks that inebriate; blood; 

Leviticus-1 1 :7 and carrion, as encountered in the Taurat. 
Leviticus- 17: 12 
Deuteronomy- 1 4:2 1 

'Do not drink wine nor strong drink, thou, nor thy sons with thee, when ye 
go into the tabernacle of the congregation, lest ye die: it shall be a statute 
for ever throughout your generations: '""" 

And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be clovenfooted, yet he 
cheweth not the cud; he is unclean to you. '""" 

'Therefore I said unto the children of Israel, No soul of you shall eat blood, 
neither shall any stranger that sojourneth among you eat blood. '""" 

'Ye shall not eat of any thing that dieth of itself: thou shalt give it unto the 
stranger that is in thy gates, that he may eat it; or thou mayest sell it unto an 
alien: for thou art an holy people unto the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not 
seethe a kid in his mother's milk. ' ,m 

I Corinthians-6:12 However, Paul stated that all things are lawful, that is permissible. 

All things are lawful unto me, but all things are not expedient: all things 



Gospel of Barnabas, chapter 22, translated by Lonsdale and Laura Ragg, London 1907. http://barnabas.net/ 
9 New Testament, Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 5, verses 17-18, King James Version Bible. 

Old Testament, Leviticus, chapter 10, verse 9, King James Version Bible. 

1 Old Testament, Leviticus, chapter 1 1, verse 7, King James Version Bible. 

2 Old Testament, Leviticus, chapter 17, verse 12, King James Version Bible. 

3 Old Testament, Deuteronomy, chapter 14, verse 21, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 364 



are lawful for me, but I will not be brought under the power of any. """ 

Matthew-15:17-18 Once again this issue contradicts the teachings of Tsa 3SBI. 

'Do not ye yet understand, that whatsoever entereth in at the mouth goeth 
into the belly, and is cast out into the draught? 

But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; 
and they defile the man. '""' 

Leviticus-1 1:9-12 Those creatures in the sea without scales or fins are forbidden (this 
has since been made permissible by the teachings of Islam, refer 
page. 259). 

'These shall ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and 

scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them shall ye eat. 

And all that have not fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that 

move in the waters, and of any living thing which is in the waters, they shall 

be an abomination unto you: 

They shall be even an abomination unto you; ye shall not eat of their flesh, 

but ye shall have their carcases in abomination. 

Whatsoever hath no fins nor scales in the waters, that shall be an 

abomination unto you. '""" 

Deuteronomy-23: Discriminative laws regarding interest, specifically forbidden 
19-22 when it is to ones own brother [Jew to Jew](perfected to be 

forbidden altogether to whomsoever within the teachings of Islam, 

refer page 259). 

'Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of 

victuals, usury of any thing that is lent upon usury: 

Unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury; but unto thy brother thou 

shalt not lend upon usury: that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all that 

thou settest thine hand to in the land whither thou goest to possess it. 

When thou shalt vow a vow unto the LORD thy God, thou shalt not slack to 

pay it: for the LORD thy God will surely require it of thee; and it would be 

sin in thee. 

But if thou shalt forbear to vow, it shall be no sin in thee. '"" 7 

Is it that the world and all its contents must be subjugated? 

Genesis-1:26 The designation that 'mankind' must subject the earth and all its 
contents, the fish of the seas, birds in the air, cattle, and all other 
animals. This concept is the dominant 'Western' model or system of 
thought so much so that there is no surprise when an ecological crisis 
or disaster occurs upon this earth. (Compare this with the teachings 
of Islam, refer 'The Earth's surface is the source of livelihood', page 
55) 



New Testament, I Corinthians, chapter 6, verse 12, King James Version Bible. 

5 New Testament, Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 15, verses 17-18, King James Version Bible. 

6 Old Testament, Leviticus, chapter 1 1, verses 9-12, King James Version Bible. 

7 Old Testament, Deuteronomy, chapter 23, verses 19-22, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 365 



And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let 
them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, 
and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing 
that creepeth upon the earth. ' wss 

What about the laws concerning 'stoning' and reprisal? 

Deuteronomy-22: 23-24 Musa S3 taught laws of stoning for men and women 

Leviticus-20:10 having sexual intercourse (when not legally married to 

each other), with the perpetrators of that adultery 

being stoned until they are dead. 

'If a damsel that is a virgin be betrothed unto an husband, and a man find 
her in the city, and lie with her; 

Then ye shall bring them both out unto the gate of that city, and ye shall 
stone them with stones that they die; the damsel, because she cried not, 
being in the city; and the man, because he hath humbled his neighbour's 
wife: so thou shall put away evil from among you. '""" 

'And the man that committeth adultery with another man 's wife, even he 
that committeth adultery with his neighbour's wife, the adulterer and the 
adulteress shall surely be put to death. "°"° 

John-8:l-l 1 'Isa *S> did not stone an adulteress according to these verses but this 

does not mean that the laws regarding stoning have 

Matthew-5 : 1 7- 1 8 been replaced with laws of leniency, because ' Isa SS understood that 
the scribes and Pharisees were trying to entrap Isa 3KB; that is, 
whenever Isa *SI orders the throwing of stones at the woman until 
she is dead, then certainly Isa *S! will be countered by the Jewish 
authorities. Furthermore, in this instance Isa SH demonstrates the 
importance of witness testimony (Both of the above laws are still 
upheld within the laws and teachings of Islam). 

'Jesus went unto the mount of Olives. 

And early in the morning he came again into the temple, and all the people 

came unto him; and he sat down, and taught them. 

And the scribes and Pharisees brought unto him a woman taken in adultery; 

and when they had set her in the midst, 

They say unto him, Master, this woman was taken in adultery, in the very 

act. 

Now Moses in the law commanded us, that such should be stoned: but what 

say est thou? 

This they said, tempting him, that they might have to accuse him. But Jesus 

stooped down, and with his finger wrote on the ground, as though he heard 

them not. 

So when they continued asking him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, 

He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her. 



Old Testament, Genesis, chapter 1, verse 26, King James Version Bible. 
9 Old Testament, Deuteronomy, chapter 22, verses 23-24, King James Version Bible. 
Old Testament, Leviticus, chapter 20, verse 10, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 366 



And again he stooped down, and wrote on the ground. 

And they which heard it, being convicted by their own conscience, went out 

one by one, beginning at the eldest, even unto the last: and Jesus was left 

alone, and the woman standing in the midst. 

When Jesus had lifted up himself, and saw none but the woman, he said unto 

her, Woman, where are those thine accusers? hath no man condemned 

thee ? 

She said, No man, Lord. And Jesus said unto her, Neither do I condemn 

thee: go, and sin no more. '"" 

'Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come 
to destroy, but to fulfil. 

For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle 
shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. '"" 2 

Where is the proof? 

Contradiction, error, and impropriety permeate throughout the contents of the 
Injil, the Holy Book, as it exists with us today, both in respect and aspect of its material 
and its editing. Moreover, this book (the Gospels/New Testament) was not written on the 
basis of teachings direct from its source, namely Tsa 3SEI. According to his own 
admission, Luke wrote the Injil based upon accounts handed down mouth to mouth. He 
copied much of the records of Theophilus and Paul. 

Luke-l:l-4 

'Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration 

of those things which are most surely believed among us, 

Even as they delivered them unto us, which from the beginning were 

eyewitnesses, and ministers of the word; 

It seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things 

from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus, 

That thou mightest know the certainty of those things, wherein thou hast 

been instructed. " m 

This despite the fact that Paul was a person who within his life had never met 
with Isa S88. Moreover, the history of its writing is still very controversial because it is 
unclear as to which year it was compiled. 

The quality of a written Holy Book that is not based upon direct revelation 
from Allah must be in doubt. Whereas, for example, the history of the compilation of Al 
Quran is clear. Its contents have never been changed since its original introduction. 
Many people have memorized Al Qur'an (6236 ayat, 1 14 Surah, 30 juz') since the time of 
the Messenger of Allah M until the present. So, it is an impossibility for the contents of Al 
Qur'an to have changed from its inception. Where it to be that a person or people had the 
intention to alter it, it would be instantly known and a book so filled with faults would be 
immediately destroyed. 



New Testament, Gospel according to John, chapter 8, verses 1-11, King James Version Bible. 

2 New Testament, Gospel according to Matthew, chapter 5, verses 17-18, King James Version Bible. 

3 New Testament, Gospel according to Luke, chapter 1, verses 1-4, King James Version Bible. 



Page | 367 



The Classification of 'mankind' 

The group of servants who receive guidance 



1 :6-7 The servants of Allah who receive guidance to the 

4:69-70 'Straight Path' are those upon whom has been bestowed the grace of 

Allah 



Guide us to the Straight Way 

The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not (the way) of 
those who earned Your Anger (such as the Jews), nor of those who went 
astray (such as the Christians). 1094 

(JfJ LLJp JjIj 

And w«o.«o ofoey.v A/ten and Hie Messenger (Mu ammad M), then they will 
be in the company of those on whom Allah has bestowed His Grace, of the 
Prophets, the iddiqun (those followers of the Prophets who were first and 
foremost to believe in them, like Abu Baler A iddiq ), the martyrs, and the 
righteous. And how excellent these companions are! 
Such is the Bounty from Allah, and Allah is Sufficient as All Knower." m 

The Anbiya' (*l*"V1 - Prophets): 

They are protected by Allah from the enticements of Shaitan who misleads 

22:52 
6:84-87 



Never did We send a messenger or a prophet before you, but; when he did 
recite the revelation or narrated or spoke, Shai an (Satan) threw (some 



* Surah Al Fatihah (1), ayat 6-7. 
! Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayat 69-70. 



Page I 368 



falsehood) in it. But Allah abolishes that which Shai an (Satan) throws in. 
Then Allah establishes is Revelations. And Allah is All-Knower, 
All-Wise:""- 



fi-r'j-=-13 ftri^j J^yX' c^i ! & Lft^ 1 J^ Ll1 ^ VL===j UajJj J-J jjj 



And We bestowed upon him 'Is aq (Isaac) and Ya qub (Jacob), each of 

them We guided, and before him, We guided Nu (Noah), and among his 

progeny Dawud (David), Sulaimdn (Solomon), Ayub (Job), Yusuf (Joseph), 

Musd (Moses), and Harun (Aaron). Thus do We reward the good doers. 

And Zakariya (Zachariya), and Ya ya (John) and Isd (Jesus) and Iliyas 

(Elias), each one of them was of the righteous. 

And Isma'il (Ishmael) and Al-Yas'a (Elisha), and Yunus (Jonah) and Lu 

(Lot), and each one of them we preferred above the Alamin (mankind and 

jinns) (of their times). 

And also some of their fathers and their progeny and their brethren, We 

chose them, and We guided them to a Straight Path." 97 

[Furthermore refer to the narratives of the Prophets in a chapter to follow] . 
The Saddiqun (Oj&JllaJL Sincere): 

They are truthfully faithful to Allah and His Messengers, and furthermore 
perform jihad (■&&&— struggle, strive) with their wealth and souls in the way of Allah 

49:14-18 

29:3 

9:119 

2:177 

59:8 

5:119 

, t tl >: ,+.< ^..- . > . .1 ,. >,.',,„,*-■, ' ,",' » 
s\j-j jjjlp "till 0! ^^ ISUi^pl -yA fS^i "b/ ja]j-«j3 4^1 lj»..j^" oli p^-ij^ 



Surah A] Hajj (22). ayah 52. 
' Surah Al An'am (6), ayat 84-87. 



Page I 369 



77ie bedouins say: "We believe. " Say: "You believe not but you only say, 

'We have surrendered (in Islam), ' for faith has not yet entered your hearts. 

But if you obey Allah and His Messenger (0, He will not decrease anything 

in reward for your deeds. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. " 

Only those are the believers who have believed in Allah and His Messenger, 

and afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and their lives for the 

cause of Allah. Those! they are the truthful. 

Say: "Will You inform Allah about your religion? While Allah knows all 

that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, and Allah is All-Aware of 

everything. 

They regard as favour upon you (0 Mu ammad M) that they have embraced 

Islam. Say: "Count not your Islam as a favour upon Me. Nay, but Allah has 

conferred a favour upon you, that He has guided you to the faith, if you 

indeed are true. 

Verily, Allah knows the unseen of the heavens and the earth. And Allah is 

the All-Seer of what you do."' 8 

*■* 

And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allah will certainly 
make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make 
(it) known (the falsehood of) those who are liars, (although Allah knows all 
that before putting them to test).' 09 " 

O you who believe! Be afraid of Allah, and be with those who are true (in 
words and deeds)."" 



10,8 Surah Al Hujiirat (49). Ayat 14-18. 
I0 " Surah Al - Ankabut (29), ayah 3. 
1 1 °° Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 119. 



Page I 370 



/f w not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience 
to Allah, etc.) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in 
prayers); but Al-Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allah, the 
Last Day, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives his wealth, in spite 
of love for it, to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to Al-Masakm (the poor), 
and to the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free, performs 
A - alat (Iqdmat-a - aldt), and gives the Zakat, and who fulfill their 
Covenant when they make it, and who areA- abirin (the patient ones, etc.) 
in extreme poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during 
the battles). Such are the people of the truth and they are Al Muttaqun.""' 

*j * ' * =e £ «c ***>'' 

(and there is also a share in this booty) for the poor emigrants, who were 
expelled from their homes and their property, seeking bounties from Allah 
and to please Him. And helping Allah (i.e. helping His religion) and His 
Messenger (Mu ammad M). Such are indeed the truthful (to what they 
say);-"" 2 

y#MI \^pJ- ^a ijji- oil?- ^i '^'-h= Ol?,- 1 ^ 11 £fA 'fy. IJ^-» illl jLs 

ijVj! (o|"-" jjj 5 -" iHJ'i <_p lj*_jj \^s- adI ^s>'j Ij-jI tpi cf..^i~ 

Allah will say: "This is a day on which the truthful will profit from their 
truth: Theirs are gardens under which rivers flow (in Paradise) - they shall 
abide therein forever. Allah is pleased with them and they with Him. That is 
the great success (Paradise).'"" 

The Shuhada' (*tJ4.«JI_ Witness, Martyr): 

They die as witnesses because they maintain the religion of Allah 
3:169-171 

, ' , , , - , t , *■ f- •( 4* , ■ >. > , .i* 4 , .< < 

tjjj oyjj. j-4p jj-p £L__i-l ^Jj b'3_l adI J_j_. j ijJts ^.ali (y~~£- Mj 



1101 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 177. 
1 m Surah Al Hashr (59), ayah 8. 
1103 SQrahAIMa idah(5), ayah 119. 



Page I 371 



:^I> i^i^aj-*-' ' J?~ ' f- ' O'- "^ 



Think not of those who are killed in the Way of Allah as dead. Nay, they are 

alive, with their Lord, and they have provision. 

They rejoice in what Allah has bestowed upon them of His bounty, rejoicing 

for the sake of those who have not yet joined them, but are left behind (not 

yet martyred) that on them no fear shall come, nor shall they grieve. 

They rejoice in a grace and a bounty from Allah, and that Allah will not 

waste the reward of the believers."" 

[Furthermore refer to the section concerning Shuhada' on page 309]. 

The Salihln (CM ^4^1- Righteous): 

They are faithful to the pillars of faith and perform deeds in a righteous 
manner (command that which is ma'raf f— • J ■»-«■ good, beneficial], prohibit that which is 
munkar [J-^- 1 - - disavowed, forbidden], and perform various good deeds 

29:9 

3:114 

7:196 

And for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah and other items of faith) 
and do righteous good deeds, surely, We shall make them enter in (the 
enterance of) the righteous (i.e. in Paradise)." ' 

They believe in Allah and the Last Day; they enjoin Al-Ma'ruf (Islamic 
Monotheism, and following Prophet Mu ammad M) and forbid Al-Munkar 
(polytheism, disbelief and opposing Prophet Mu ammad M); and they 
hasten in (all) good works; and they are among the righteous.'""' 

*■* 

"Verily, my WalTy (Protector, Supporter, and helper, etc.) is Allah who has 
revealed the Book (the Qur an), and He protects (supports and helps) the 
righteous." 07 

The Mukhlisln (dir^ '■^•U Faithful): 

They are always obedient to every guideline and regulation of Allah: 



1104 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayat 169-171. 
1 10! Surah Al ' AnkabQt (29), ayah 9. 
1 "" Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 1 14. 
1107 Surah Al A'raf(7), ayah 196. 



Page I 372 



23:57-61 

Verily! those who live in awe for fear of their Lord; 

and those who believe in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, 

revelations, etc.) of their Lord, 

and those who join not anyone (in worship) as partners with their Lord; 

and those who give that (their charity) which they give (and also do other 

good deeds) with their hearts full of fear (whether their alms and charities, 

etc., have been accepted or not), because they are sure to return to their 

Lord (for reckoning). 

It is these who race for the good deeds, and they are foremost in them [e.g. 

offering the compulsory alat (prayers) in their (early) stated, fixed times 

and so on]."" 

They are not just obedient because they are struck by disaster: 

29:64-66 

Anrf f/iis ii/e 0/ ?fte world is only amusement and play! Verily, the home of 

the Hereafter, that is the life indeed (i.e. the eternal life that will never end), 

if they but knew. 

And when they embark on a ship, they invoke Allah, making their faith pure 

for Him only, but when He brings them safely to land, behold, they give a 

share of their Worship to others. 

So that they become ingrate for that which We have given them, and that 

they take their enjoyment (as a warning and a threat), but they will come to 

know."" 

Their intention is to be wholeheartedly obedient to Allah and His Messenger 
in order to be strengthened against the temptations of Shaitan: 

3:132 
15:39-40 

1 10! Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayat 57-61. 
'"" Surah Al AnkabQt (29), ayat 64-66. 

Page | 373 



38:82-85 



And ofoey A//aft and the Messenger (Mu ammad 0) that you may obtain 
mercy."" 



/7Wfi (Satan)] said: "O my Lord! Because You misled me, I shall indeed 
adorn the path of error for them (mankind) on the earth, and I shall mislead 
them all. 
"Except Your chosen, (guided) slaves among them. """ 

Jl3 |jjj <_fy^Ai^^}\ j^L ilitlf SI | Jjj Die* -1 ji-*lj_>fc*^ ^ij**? J^ 

/7Wrs (Satan)] said: "By Your Might, then I will surely mislead them all, 

"Except your chosen slaves amongst them (faithful, obedient, true believers 

of Islamic Monotheism). " 

(Allah) said: "The Truth is, and the Truth I say, 

that I will fill Hell with you [IblTs (Satan)] and those of them (mankind) that 

follow you, together. """ 

And in order that they assuredly belong to those people who receive the mercy 
of Allah's blessings and not to that group of people who are deviated 

37:39-62 

ii i-LjJjl !:"";.; '^y^Aa^J\ *il ills- y\ Jjj; ^TjjLilj iuS" li y\ Ojyf- lij 

' I '.'I >> .V ». «if *' . -=».' ''<?"* '' 'Ci' : <a».* {***«*. 

Oy ; ' 8 " * jy^» (J* |vj j«>»^J I C-^>- ^| ij^j! 0>*y^-* (<-** * J 3 i«.S<! f\r** ^JJ 

"^3 J>^ ^ "^ CI* OWr-~-4.?-^ * 1 ' ^ ■ ■■ : 'S=:' : OS?-* C^ l-^ • ("n^ ^t-Ki C2^ 

j^3C ^i_j j^iB" jjj oif s^=-" ° , ^y?-i3 p>^f j iJ§J v^L>y>j ^ (>-* 

© So 5 J ^ jj fr* ^ ^ O i-*^ 1 "^ l/"^ (J* fr*"* ^ U ® 
f^S Oj-^r 1 -*-! ^ c ' ' " ' .^5 j h[/ 1-^3 1-^? '^?' C~='! O 1 -^,' ^ " [>*-' ^J;' J>^ 



0. 



1110 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 132. 

1111 Surah Al Hijr (15), ayat 39-40. 

1112 Surah Sad (38), ayat 82-85. 

Page I 374 



*! CSS^^c^ '25 04/^*"-' ' oi i^-^ jj j s_»*j V^Jj CIS cw^ 

I jj_a (JLJ C^S ^"*-!l j^' >* '-^ o! C'~S CW* 1 -*-*^ tlr*~ 3 lJj"^' ^Jj- 4 

I t , ' ? I , ' 4 , % 

^"■ : f^y' <Lr?*-~ (*' ^j 3 J^~ ^J'^l Ct-S O^*-^' J-*-*4^ 

And yow wi'M foe requited nothing except for what you used to do (evil deeds, 

sins, and Allah's disobedience which you used to do in this world); 

save the chosen slaves of Allah (faithful, obedient, true believers of Islamic 

Monotheism). 

For them there will be a known provision (in Paradise). 

Fruits; and they shall be honoured, 

in the Gardens of delight (Paradise), 

facing one another on thrones, 

round them will be passed a cup of pure wine; 

white, delicious to the drinkers, 

neither they will have Ghul (any kind of hurt, abdominal pain, headache, a 

sin, etc.) from that, nor will they suffer intoxication therefrom. 

And with them will be chaste females, restraining their glances (desiring 

none except their husbands), with wide and beautiful eyes. 

(Delicate and pure) as if they were (hidden) eggs (well) preserved. 

Then they will turn to one another, mutually questioning. 

A speaker of them will say: '"Verily, I had a companion (in the world), 

who used to say: "Are you among those who believe (in resurrection after 

death). 

"(That) when we die and become dust and bones, shall we indeed (be raised 

up) to receive reward or punishment (according to our deeds)? " 

(the man) said: "Will you look down?" 

So he looked down and saw him in the midst of the Fire. 

He said: "By Allah! You have nearly ruined me. 

"Had it not been for the Grace of my Lord, I would certainly have been 

among those brought forth (to Hell). " 

(Allah informs about that true believer that he said): "Are we then not to die 

(any more) ? 

"Except our first death, and we shall not be punished? (after we have 

entered Paradise). " 

Truly, this is the supreme success! 

For the like of this let the workers work. 

Is that (Paradise) better entertainment or the tree of Zaqqum (a horrible 

tree in Hell)?'" 1 

This group of people possess several of the characteristics of servants loved 
by Allah (refer no. 3). 

The group of servants who do not receive guidance 



The servants who do not receive the guidance of Allah are those people who 
have angered Allah and who have gone astray from the Straight Way in this life: 



113 Surah Al SafHt (37), ayat 39-62. 

Page | 375 



1:6-7 



Guide us to the Straight Way 

The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not (the way) of 
those who earned Your Anger (such as the Jews), nor of those who went 
astray (such as the Christians).'" 4 

'Mankind' deviates because 'he' does not want to use 'his' 'Aql: 

7:178-179 

. , , ~* > , ,i, u ... 

a. 
SI jjcl j«-*j 'r. ^1j>«-"j "V V^ ji-* g^)"J Cr^"' vlL^ W^= ^4^4 
j' . -,l^> ,( ' . .,f— . -,l^~ ,,,*»-. ,' . > > 

Whomsoever AZZaft guides, he is the guided one, and whomsoever He sends 
astray, those! they are the losers. 

And surely, We have created many of the jinns and mankind for Hell. They 
have hearts wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they 
see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). They are 
like cattle, Nay even more astray; those! they are the heedless ones."" 



And the wrath of Allah is for those people who do not want to use their Aql 



3:112 
10:100 



Qj\. Ojj <UJl C^ijLL (JJjsS^i \yh *-£jb * U'^ 4l5sJL«JI *tZ^& C-O/y^J ^UJI (>« 

Indignity is put over them wherever they may be, except when under a 
covenant (of protection) from Allah, and from men; they have drawn on 
themselves the Wrath of Allah, and destruction is put over them. This is 
because they disbelieved in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, 
signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah and killed the Prophets without right. This 



114 Surah Al Fatihah (1), ayat 6-7. 
" ! Surah Al Araf(7), ayat 178-179. 



Page | 376 



is because they disobeyed (Allah) and used to transgress beyond bounds (in 
Allah's disobedience, crimes and sins)."" 

It is not for any person to believe, except by the leave of Allah, and He will 
put the Wrath on those who are heedless." 17 

They are amongst others: 

The Fasiqun (OJ* *" AU - rebellious and disobedient): 

They are unable to receive the guidance of Allah: 

5:108 
9:80 
61:5 
63:6 



77ia« should make it closer (to the fact) that their testimony would be in its 
true nature and shape (and thus accepted), or else they would fear that 
(other) oaths would be admitted after their oaths. And fear Allah and listen 
( with obedience to Him). And Allah guides not the people who are 
Al-Fdsiqun (the rebellious and disobedient)."'" 

Whether you (O Mu ammad 0) ask forgiveness for them (hypocrites) or ask 
not forgiveness for them ... (and even) if you ask seventy times for their 
forgiveness ... Allah will not forgive them, because they have disbelieved in 
Allah and His Messenger (Mu ammad M). And Allah guides not those 
people who are Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah)."' 9 

L^=Cjl 4i)l Jj-«j (jl ^_jj-«-u*j -isj ^AJjiJj IJ^^JLj ^a^jJl] ^ ^j- 4 J^ 3 I3 

Oli-iill f ji)l lS a£ St *l)lj ji-$JjiJ <u)l Hi' Ij^lj Lils 
And (remember) when Musa (Moses) said to his people: "O my people! 



"" Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 112. 

1117 Surah Yunus (10), ayah 100. 

1118 Surah AIMa'idah (5), ayah 108. 
"" Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 80. 



Page I 377 



Why do you hurt me while you know certainly that I am the Messenger of 
Allah to you? So when they turned away (from the Path of Allah), Allah 
turned their hearts away (from the Right Path). And Allah guides not the 
people who are Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah)." 20 

iSS^ *i '"ill oj ft ST^iij <J fk 'ji^ZZ p } I j^> CJjkilZ.\ _i-glic. U'jL 



It is equal to them whether you (Mu ammad 0) ask forgiveness or ask not 
forgiveness for them. Verily, Allah guides not the people who are the 
Fdsiqln (rebellious, disobedient to Allaah)." 2 ' 

(refer page 120). 
The Zalimun (i)J "'"" - polytheist, wrongdoers): 

They also are unable to receive Allah's guidance 

6:144 
9:19 
9:109 
61:7 

iLulil III Ofc£>VI^I }y- oC^=^i Ifi o^'J^-II ^2jil Ot^ 1 J?)" Crii 

^jtji'i'iii jijiJl is^c. * *k' o\ j^ J^-i J-^L" 'i}~e-A U±&m *>ti Ji <X^' 



And o/ /ne camels two (male and female), and of oxen two (male and 
female). Say: "Has He forbidden the two males or the two females or (the 
young) which the wombs of the two females enclose? Or were you present 
when Allah ordered you such a thing? Then who does more wrong than one 
who invents a lie against Allah, to lead mankind astray without knowledge. 
Certainly Allah guides not the people who are alimun (polytheists and 
wrong doers, etc.)." 1 ' 22 

J*H\ ^"jiJIj *i)L; £,-«li q^£ ^>\'jl-\ Jb><JLoJI SjLLfj r-lil 4jLS-« |£l*»-l * 

Do voh consider the providing of drinking water to the pilgrims and the 
maintenance of Al-Masjid-al- aram (at Makkah) as equal to the worth of 
those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and strive hard and fight in the 



1120 Surah AlSaff(61), ayah 5. 

1121 Surah Al Munafiqun (63), ayah 6. 
122 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 144. 



Page I 378 



Cause of Allah? They are not equal before Allah. And Allah guides not 
those people who are the dlimun (polytheists and wrong-doers)." 21 

/.« ('/ f/ien /je, who laid the foundation of his building on piety to Allah and 
his good pleasure, better, or he who laid the foundation of his building on 
an undetermined brink of a precipice ready to crumble down, so that it 
crumbled to pieces with him into the Fire of Hell. And Allah guides not the 
people who are the dlimun (cruel, violent, proud, polytheist and 
wrong-doer)." 24 

And who does more wrong than the one who invents a lie against Allah, 
while he is being invited to Islam ? And Allah guides not the people who are 
dlimun (polytheists, wrong-doers and disbelievers) folk. 1125 



And they are not loved by Allah: 



3:140 
42:40 



-juji q*j Lgjjijij (•u'b/i ^Xbj jaIL* r-^ (*>*-'' iV^ 4 * 1- ^ fj^ 

fcjj 0S*lJiJ I 4-^-" S *" I i s'-^r-" p^r? ^H} '>-•'» ^-JiyJ' *"l jiiilJj 

//■ a wound (and killing) has touched you, be sure a similar wound (and 
killing) has touched the others. And so are the days (good and not so good), 
We give to men by turns, that Allah may test those who believe, and that He 
may take martyrs from among you. And Allah likes not the dlimun 
(polytheists and wrong doers)." 2 ' 

77ie recompense for an evil is an evil like thereof, but whoever forgives and 
makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah. Verily, He likes not the 
dlimun (oppressors, polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc.)." 27 



' Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 19. 
1 Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 109. 
! Surah AISaff(61), ayah 7. 
i Surah Al Tmran (3), ayah 140. 
' Surah Al Shura (42), ayah 40. 



Page | 379 



The Kafirun (<jj jf ^ disbelievers): 

They will not receive the guidance of Allah: 



5:67 
9:37 
30:45 



*oj|J j*uJL«joJtJj L«j lydij JJ o[3 illy St* i LJ 1 JjjI L» *Jj Jj^«^Jl t^._bj @ 

O Messenger (Mu ammad M)l Proclaim (the Message) which has been sent 
down to you from your Lord. And if you do not, then you have not conveyed 
His Message. Allah will protect you from mankind. Verily, Allah guides not 
Al-Kdfirm (the people who disbelieve)." 2 " 

77ie postponing (of a sacred month) is indeed an addition to disbelief: 
thereby the disbelievers are led astray, for they make it lawful one year and 
forbid it another year in order to adjust the number of months forbidden by 
Allah, and make such forbidden ones lawful. The evil of their deeds seems 
pleasing to them. And Allah guides not the people, who disbelieve." 2 '' 

Jjj oi^iSCll d~f" "3 -"°! ^Liti ^ o^kJaJl ijL^j i_j^.li oiJjl i$_j>4l 

That He may reward those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic 
Monotheism), and do righteous good deeds, out of His Bounty. Verily, He 
likes not Al-Kafirm (the disbelievers)." 30 

Also, they are not loved by Allah 

3:32 

fgj tf_jh&s\d^f- Si '<5iT oji ijjjj op -^j-vHi '<5it iji-i't ifi 

Say (O Mu ammad 0): "Obey Allah and the Messenger (Mu ammad M)." 
But if they turn away, then Allah does not like Al-KafirTn (the 
disbelievers)."" 



The Mushrikun (Jij-"-*^ polytheists): 



128 Surah Al Ma idah (5), ayah 67. 
1129 Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 37. 
1 120 Surah Al Rum (30), ayah 45. 

121 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 32. 



Page I 380 



They are cursed and denounced by Allah and will not receive help: 



4:48-52 

4:116-121 

6:56 



JJti *UjLj ^Jyvii ,-j-aJ f LiUi ^«J kliJ'i Qjl L» ^fijuj <-<i -4/^ 0' ^^4 J *^' o! 

£?J L^J« 1_IjI ^<l> ^Sj s^-^' ^' tj^ Ojs-b-i^-aS y£\ C";! : "^^ Oj <> \h: 

Si i^il ^;.jjl viUJjl ljjj ^L_~ i_jiil; oiJjl £^ ^oil ;^'jli ijySS" oiJU 

Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him in 

worship, hut He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, 

and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented 

a tremendous sin. 

Have you not seen those who claim sanctity for themselves. Nay - but Allah 

sanctifies whom He pleases, and they will not be dealt with injustice even 

equal to the extent of a Fatlla (a scalish thread in the long slit of a 

date stone). 

Look, how they invent a lie against Allah, and enough is that as a manifest 

sin. 

Have you not seen those who were given a portion of the Scripture ? They 

believe in Jibt and -idghut and say to the disbelievers that they are better 

guided as regards the way than the believers (Muslims). 

They are those whom Allah has cursed, and he whom Allah curses, you will 

not find for him (any) helper,.. 1 " 2 

^jj^> }4<s% ^>^ ^i>W> J^=iiis '(J£'j*% p< *S »Vj 'f#L?% 

*,, J, - 4 ,» t ,"*-,»,, . *" .,, > , 

Mj ->;-$-?- -*^j" ^-V-b' I 'jji* "^! j 'K;" Ji t"-*- 1 ^. "j ("-pi-^y f-*- 1 -^- 



! Surah Al Nisa" (4), ayat 48-52. 

Page | 381 



Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with 

him, hut He forgives whom He pleases sins other than that, and whoever 

sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away. 

They (all those who worship others than Allah) invoke nothing but female 

deities besides Him (Allah), and they invoke nothing but Shai an (Satan), a 

persistent rebel! 

Allah cursed him. And he [Shai an (Satan)] said: "I will take an appointed 

portion of Your slaves; 

Verily, I will mislead them, and surely, I will arouse in them false desires; 

and certainly, I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and indeed I will 

order them to change the nature created by Allah. " And whoever takes 

Shai an (Satan) as a WalTy (protector or helper) instead of Allah, has surely 

suffered a manifest loss. 

He [Shai an (Satan)] makes promises to them, and arouses in them false 

desires; and Shai dn's (Satan) promises are nothing but deceptions. 

The dwelling of such (people) is Hell, and they will find no way of escape 

from it."" 

,-'' ' - . e j «e - a > E « - , . , , ' <- , , ,i , i > , . > 

Say (O Mu ammad M): "1 have been forbidden to worship those whom you 
invoke (worship) besides Allah. " Say: "I will not follow your vain desires. 
If I did, I would go astray, and I would not be one of the rightly guided. "'"* 

Because they believe in taghut C— >J* -=- falsity) 11 " or perform shirk (& J^- 
polytheism, idolatry), then they will not be forgiven for their sins. 

The Munafiqun (Oj*^^l - hypocrites): 

They purchase or exchange error for guidance so they are unable to receive 
guidance and will be devastated by their error 

2:8-16 

% '- 1 -■,>"- 'e' J *-* fit-* tf- f * - tf •* 

^ ■ J frp JLl^-" i{™"': /JC_4 L«J **Jb 1_4J jj- 3 I J^C^ U J *UJ U U_4 I f J jJL) -yA yj UJ I L 'j-«J 

Jot 



1133 Surah AlNisa' (4), ayat 116-121. 

1 m Surah AI An'am (6), ayah 56. 

1 135 Taghut means anything worshipped other than Allah i.e. all the false deities - idols, Satan, graves, stones, sun, star, 

angels, human beings, messengers, Jesus, Mary, Ezra, Moses, saints, etc. 

Page | 382 



I3JI3 \y^>\'t jjiojl I^JLl lilj .;;?; Oj-*-^! "^ qS^Jj ; 1 g a ,"J I ._* ^_gjl ^|i ; 1 g a .'J I 

And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: "We believe in Allah 

and the Last Day " while in fact they believe not. 

They (think to) deceive Allah and those who believe, while they only deceive 

themselves, and perceive (it) not! 

In their hearts is a disease (of doubt and hypocrisy) and Allah has 

increased their disease. A painful torment is theirs because they used to tell 

lies. 

And when it is said to them: "Make not mischief on the earth, " they say: 

"We are Only peacemakers. " 

Verily! they are the ones who make mischief, but they perceive not. 

And when it is said to them (hypocrites): "Believe as the people (followers 

of Mu ammad M, Al-An dr and Al-Muhajirun) have believed, " they say: 

"Shall we believe as the fools have believed? " Verily, they are the fools, but 

they know not. 

And when they meet those who believe, they say: "We believe, " but when 

they are alone with their Shay a in (devils - polytheists, hypocrites, etc.), 

they say: "Truly, we are with you; Verily, we were but mocking. " 

Allah mocks at them and gives them increase in their wrong-doings to 

wander blindly. 

These are they who have purchased error for guidance, so their commerce 

was profitless, and they were not guided." 16 

Allah punishes, is angry with, and curses them, and jahannam (f^i-^-- Hell) 
will be the place of return for them 

48:6 

_^Ji ^JJb ^__juljiJI c^S^dv^Jlj ^Tr\L«Jlj Q. 1 e e<- ft llj Ql a a ' : ,11 ^__>j_*jj 
Cjjllj JUf=~ Ji-gJ j-plj ji-fJjJj ^J-P *iil ^~^ii-j »>~JI ' a ji^ ly-v^ s3-~-" 



And that He may punish the Munafiqun (hypocrites), men and women, and 
also the Mushrikun men and women, who think evil thoughts about Allah, 
for them is a disgraceful torment, and the Anger of Allah is upon them, and 
He has cursed them and prepared Hell for them, and worst indeed is that 



'' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 8-16. 

Page | 383 



destination.'" 7 

This group of people possess characteristics of servants who are not loved by 
Allah; refer no. 4 



The group of servants who are loved by Allah 

Amongst the groups of servants who are loved by Allah are: 

People who love Allah and His Messenger: 

3:31 
3:132 



Say (O Mu ammad 0to mankind): "If you (really) love Allah then follow 
me {i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur an and the Sunnah), 
Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, 
Most Merciful. "'"" 



enger {Mu ammac 
People who are pious (Al Muttaqln - ;jiii*/J): 



And obey Allah and the Messenger {Mu ammad M) that you may obtain 
mercy." 19 



3:76 
9:36 
16:128 



Yes, whoever fulfils his pledge and fears Allah much; Verily, then Allah 
loves those who are Al-Muttaqun." m 






1 "' Surah Al Fath (48), ayah 6. 
I3S Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 3 1 . 
[m Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 132. 
1 14a Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 76. 



Page | 384 



t^JuLjl *-« auI o' l>j*13 ^L^= ^Jj !;'»,: U-^= is If ^jt&w/5»*JI lji~sj 



Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so was 
it ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; 
of them four are sacred, (i.e. the 1st, the 7th, the 11th and the 12th months of 
the Islamic calendar). That is the right Deen (religion), so wrong not 
yourselves therein, and fight against the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, 
idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) collectively , as they fight 
against you collectively. But know that Allah is with those who are 
Al-Muttaqun." 41 



■ ._» oiolij ijjaji oiAJi >Lt 4ii I o! 



Truly, Allah is with those who fear Him (keep their duty unto Him), and 
those who are Mu sinun.'" 2 



People who are faithful (Al Mu'minin - iJP"J-*fy'- 



33:43 
3:139 
3:152 



j^=i 



JJiil (J| C->J ttijajl jV? J?*s>~y>i~l j<u5v-lLj \b*~\z- ^a-i c£r^' >* 

f/e ft w vv/ro sends aldt (his blessings) on you, and His angels too (ask 
Allah to bless and forgive you), that He may bring you out from darkness (of 
disbelief and polytheism) into light (of belief and Islamic Monotheism). And 
He is ever Most Merciful to the Mu 'minin (believers)." 4 ' 

So do not become weak (against your enemy), nor be sad, and you will be 
superior (in victory) if you are indeed (true) Mu'minin (believers)."'" 

j llpjiijj JLxJjus lij ^£j- ^4j\L *-£jj-^j*j ij jfl-LPj «Ull ■, ^.V) JJLlj 
i ^i * > * < > ^ ^ > * '' l* *- ~' ' ' r « * * ' -- * £ r'' 

* fcStJ nj LIj Jj I JL) jj -^a , X — U - ^-_J C~>^ La r)-5\J J ' La -*-*■! L * t-* r« " .. .^* °3 J-* J* ' 

,_pis _ji *ilj ^^^ Li* J-ilj ^S-iLiJ ^ii ""^sis^ -J S^SlI -4jJ |^> 



1 '•" Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 36. 

143 Surah Al Nahl (16), ayah 128. 

143 Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayah 43. 
1 144 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 139. 



Page I 385 



And Allah did indeed fulfil His promise to you when you were killing them 
(your enemy) with His permission; until (the moment) you lost your courage 
and fell to disputing about the order, and disobeyed after He showed you (of 
the booty) which you love. Among you are some that desire this world and 
some that desire the Hereafter. Then He made you flee from them (your 
enemy), that He might test you. But surely, He forgave you, and Allah is 
Most Gracious to the Mu'minln (believers). 11 " 

People who are sincere and perform good (Al Muhsinln - ^ji i i n i l *'): 



2:195 

3:148 

5:93 

7:56 

9:120 



iL& 4)1 o] l3*-*>*lj JSCI^JI Jl ^JsJUb \j2k V5 4)1 J~-~ j \jlp\j 

And spend in the Cause of Allah (i.e. Jihad of all kinds, etc.) and do not 
throw yourselves into destruction (by not spending your wealth in the Cause 
of Allah), and do good. Truly, Allah loves Al-Mu sinun (the good-doers). 114 " 

So Allah gave them the reward of this world, and the excellent reward of the 
Hereafter. And Allah loves Al-Mu sinun (the good doers).'" 7 



I^jijl La lit Ij^jds L«_j r Lis- <~ .'-^I'^TI I^La-pj Ij^a 



Those who believe and do righteous good deeds, there is no sin on them for 
what they ate (in the past), if they fear Allah (by keeping away from his 
forbidden things), and believe and do righteous good deeds, and again fear 
Allah and believe, and once again fear Allah and do good deeds with I san 
(perfection). And Allah loves the Mu simn (good doers). 1 "" 

And do not do mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order, and 




■ Surah Al Inlran (3), ayah 152. 
'' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 195. 
' Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 148. 
! Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayah 93. 



Page | 386 



invoke Him with fear and hope; surely, Allah 's Mercy is (ever) near unto the 
Mu sinm (good doers)." 49 

Slj Alii Jyj J& ijiii^ o 1 y 1 ^^ 1 Cxi ^'^- cr°i J^r 1 -*-" J*"^ b^= Ij 

Si I ^Lj J- 1 * Oi ^Lii'^-i Sfj jli4rall Ja-Aj lii=3-" -CL-'J ■ j *^j ^' J«-" (j 
(Jjj j^J^Jt^J I jS- I Jijy^M M *I> I ^j_jj 7t-L*= J-*-' 1 *-*4 ->*J S~^" 

It was not becoming of the people of Al-Madinah and the bedouins of the 
neighbourhood to remain behind Allah's Messenger (Mu ammad Mwhen 
fighting in Allah 's Cause) and (it was not becoming of them) to prefer their 
own lives to his life. That is because they suffer neither thirst nor fatigue, 
nor hunger in the Cause of Allah, nor they take any step to raise the anger 
of disbelievers nor inflict any injury upon an enemy but is written to their 
credit as a deed of righteousness. Surely, Allah wastes not the reward of the 
Mu sinun.'" 

People who are equitable, just and act justly (Al Muqsitln - ^ rt l a l*!): 



5:42 
49:9 



l£i J^V*-! J' p-r~^. (vSCi-li iljJLf- oP c->*-»J) Qjkd=\ ujaSdJ ^_jyc^-*» 



(They fife to) Zwten to falsehood, to devour anything forbidden. So if they 
come to you (0 Mu ammad 0), either judge between them, or turn away 
from them. If you turn away from them, they cannot hurt you in the least. 
And if you judge, judge with justice between them. Verily, Allah loves 
Al-Muqsi in (those who act justly)."" 

And if two parties or groups among the believers fall to fighting, then make 
peace between them both, but if one of them rebels against the other, then 
fight you (all) against the one that which rebels till it complies with the 



149 Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 56. 

1150 Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 120. 

1151 SurahAlMaidah(5), ayah 42. 



Page | 387 



command of Allah; then if it complies, then make reconciliation between 
them justly, and be equitable. Verily! Allah loves Al-Muqsi in (those who 
are equitable).' 1 ' 1 

People who behave patiently (As Sabirln - dJUUf **)'- 



3:146 

8:46 

2:249 



And many a Prophet (i.e. many from amongst the Prophets) fought (in 
Allah's Cause) and along with him (fought) large bands of religious 
learned men. But they never lost heart for that which did befall them in 
Allah's way, nor did they weaken nor degrade themselves. And Allah loves 
A - dbirin (the patient ones, etc.)."" 

„ ,t* ,*-._,.-" > , ,,'.-,>,*,-.,,-' ,- , ,-,-., ( 

And obey Allah and His Messenger, and do not dispute (with one another) 
lest you lose courage and your strength depart, and be patient. Surely, 
Allah is with those who are A - dbirin (the patient ones, etc.)."" 



JJJ^L^JI ^ 



Aulj Aill 



77ien when Slut (Saul) set out with the army, he said: "Verily! Allah will 
try you by a river. So whoever drinks thereof, he is not of Me, and whoever 
tastes it not, he is of Me, except him who takes (thereof) in the hollow of his 
hand. " Yet, they drank thereof, all, except a few of them. So when he had 
crossed it (the river), he and those who believed with him, they said: "We 
have no power this day against Jdlut (Goliath) and his hosts. " But those 
who knew with certainty that they were to meet their Lord, said: "How often 
a small group overcame a mighty host by Allah 's Leave ? " And Allah is with 



- Surah Al Hujurat (49), ayah 9. 
' Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 146. 
1 Surah Al Anfal (8), ayah 46. 



Page I 388 



A - dbirin (the patient ones, etc.)."" 

People who put their trust in Allah (Al Mutawakkilln - (j/JSj&A): 
3:159-160 



Anrf by the Mercy of Allah, you dealt with them gently. And had you been 
severe and harsh hearted, they would have broken away from about you; so 
pass over (their faults), and ask (Allah 's) forgiveness for them; and consult 
them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in 
Allah, certainly, Allah loves Al-Mutawakkilin [those who put their trust (in 
Him)]. 

If Allah helps you, none can overcome you; and if He forsakes you, who is 
there after Him that can help you? And in Allah (Alone) let believers put 
their trust.'"" 

People who turn to Him in repentance (At Tawwabln - ^t#j-u'>l: 



2:222 
9:117-118 



They ask you concerning menstruation. Say: that is an Adha (a harmful 
thing for a husband to have a sexual intercourse with his wife while she is 
having her menses), therefore keep away from women during menses and 
go not unto them till they have purified (from menses and have taken a 
bath). And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as 
Allah has ordained for you (go in unto them in any manner as long as it is in 
their vagina). Truly, Allah loves At-Tawwabin (those who turn unto Him in 
repentance) and loves Al-Muta ahhirin [those who purify themselves] (by 
taking a bath and cleaning and washing thoroughly their private parts, 
bodies, for their prayers, etc.)."" 



"" Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 249. 
""■ Surah Al 'Imran(3), ayat 159-160. 
1 '" Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 222. 



Page | 389 



Sj^jtJI sill j 4j»_jI ^ly.jjl jUki^lj ^j^t-'j- Hj t^l (Ji *wl "T* 1 ** >ii) 

^^JlJjpjJ^J j4jl Ja-$J^ O ij ^*J J*-^ 8 l3^ S^^ A^jri ^L^= La JjtJ ^ 

oJU^j c4=-j LL ^j St I (1-^ JLit-i lij Igs- Ijiii- ^ly.jJl ttJifl jij 

AWa/i has forgiven the Prophet (M), the Muhajirun (Muslim emigrants who 
left their homes and came to Al-Madinah) and the An ar (Muslims of 
Al-Madinah) who followed him (Mu ammad 0) in the time of distress 
(Tabuk expedition, etc.), after the hearts of a party of them had nearly 
deviated (from the Right Path), but He accepted their repentance. 
Certainly, He is unto themfidl of kindness, Most Merciful. 
And (He did forgive also) the three [who did not join the Tabuk expedition 
(whom the Prophet 0)] left (i.e. he did not give his judgement in their case, 
and their case was suspended for Allah' s decision) till for them the earth, 
vast as it is, was straitened and their ownselves were straitened to them, 
and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allah, and no refuge but 
with Him. Then, He accepted their repentance, that they might repent (unto 
Him). Verily, Allah is the one who accepts repentance, Most Merciful. 1 "" 

People who are clean and purify themselves (Al Mutatahhirln - 



2:222 
9:108 



They ask you concerning menstruation. Say: that is an Adha (a harmful 
thing for a husband to have a sexual intercourse with his wife while she is 
having her menses), therefore keep away from women during menses and 
go not unto them till they have purified (from menses and have taken a 
bath). And when they have purified themselves, then go in unto them as 
Allah has ordained for you (go in unto them in any manner as long as it is in 
their vagina). Truly, Allah loves At-Tawwabin (those who turn unto Him in 
repentance) and loves Al-Muta ahhlrln [those who purify themselves] (by 
taking a bath and cleaning and washing thoroughly their private parts, 
bodies, for their prayers, etc.)."" 



' Surah Al Taubah (9), ayat 117-118. 
' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 222. 



Page I 390 



>' I i . I 



Never stand you therein. Verily, the mosque whose foundation was laid 
from the first Day on piety is more worthy that you stand therein (to pray). 
In it are men who love to clean and to purify themselves, and Allah loves 
Al-Muta ahhlrln [those who make themselves clean and pure] (i.e. who 
clean their private parts with dust [i.e. to be considered as soap) and water 
from urine and stools, after answering the call of nature]." 60 



People who struggle in the Way of Allah in unison: 



4:71 
61:4 



O you who believe! Take your precautions, and either go forth (on an 
expedition) in parties, or go forth all together. 1 "' 1 

Verily, Allah loves those who fight in His Cause in rows (ranks) as if they 
were a solid structure." 62 



The group of servants who are not loved by Allah 

Amongst the groups of servants who are not loved by Allah are: 
People who are arrogant (Al Mustakbirln - ^jjyjC***/)): 

16:22-23 

40:60 

40:76 

— - t Z" > * **-^— 1 ** ' '*'"* - * » > " ^ .$*' ** " ' ^f » 



Four Hah (God) is one Hah (Allah, none has the Right to be worshipped but 
He). But for those who believe not in the Hereafter, their hearts deny (the 



1 '"" Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 108. 
I1( ' 1 Surah AINisa' (4), ayah 71. 
1162 Surah Al Saff(61), ayah 4. 

Page | 391 



faith in the Oneness of Allah), and they are proud. 

Certainly, Allah knows what they conceal and what they reveal. Truly, He 

likes not Al-Mustakbirm (the proud)." 61 

Anrf your Lord .ra;'d: "Invoke Me, [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic 
Monotheism)] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your 
(invocation). Verily! those who scorn My Worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, 
and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)] they will surely 
enter Hell in humiliation! """ 

SI J oVi^LJi {£'£» CLj^ *-»=? ol^*- £i?- V55' i>Wi 

Enter the gates of Hell to abide therein, and (indeed) what an evil abode of 
Al-Mutakabbirm (the arrogant)!""' 

People who are proud and pleased with themselves (Al Farihln - 



28:76 



Verily, Qarun (Korah) was of Musa's (Moses) people, but he behaved 
arrogantly towards them. And We gave him of the treasures, that of which 
the keys would have been a burden to a body of strong men. When his 
people said to him: "Do not be glad (with ungratefulness to Allah's 
favours). Verily! Allah likes not Al-Fari in [those who are glad (with 
ungratefulness to Allah 's favours)]." 66 

People who are arrogant and proud of themselves (Al Mukhtalin 

fakhQr-l'jjiSlj'iJ); 



4:36 
31:18 

57:23-24 






"-' Surah AINahl (16), ayat 22-23. 

164 Surah Al Mu'min [or Ghafir](40), ayah 60. 

165 Surah A! Mu'min [or Ghafir](40), ayah 76. 

166 Surah Al Qasas (28), ayah 76. 



Page I 392 



5gJ Ijjij Slli- Q\£= ,y 4~f" *^ '^ O! ^Sd«Jl cJi" 

Worship Allah and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, 
kinsfolk, orphans, Al-MasakTn (the poor), the neighbour who is near of kin, 
the neighbour who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer 
(you meet), and those (slaves) whom your right hands possess. Verily, Allah 
does not like such as are proud and boastful;"" 

jiii IfidJ? Si it oj &-y j*yi\ 4 g^' % g-ilu -^Jii- 3^ % 

"And turn not your face away from men with pride, nor walk in insolence 
through the earth. Verily, Allah likes not each arrogant boaster." 6 " 

j^jiJl 3-» -*-**! oji Jj^ o-"j lP*^-"-! J-"^" £LV*Wj ^D>^4j OiA" CjJ 

a ' -FT 



fe order that you may not be sad over matters that you fail to get, nor 
rejoice because of that which has been given to you. And Allah likes not 
prideful boasters. 

Those who are misers and enjoin upon people miserliness (Allah is not in 
need of their charity). And whosoever turns away (from faith Allah's 
Monotheism), then Allah is rich (Free of All wants), Worthy of All praise." 6 ' 

People who are extravagant (Al Musrifin - 0i? J •">■»}).• 



6:141 

7:31 

40:43 



CBS -^LftiA"-"-" 4-*^"* ' -"^l IjV^ Sfj «-OUkj- >3i j-lij- 

An</ ('( is ffe w/ro produces Gardens trellised and untrellised, and 
date palms, and crops of different shape and taste (its fruits and its seeds) 
and olives, and pomegranates, similar (in kind) and different (in taste). Eat 
of their fruit when they ripen, but pay the due thereof (its Zakdt, according 
to Allah 's orders 1/I0th or l/20th) on the day of its harvest, and waste not 
by extravagance. Verily, He likes not Al-Musrifun (those who waste by 



1 "' Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 36. 
1168 Surah Luqman (31), ayah 18. 
1 ,M Surah Al Hadid (57), ayat 23-24. 



Page | 393 



extravagance), .."" 

")} j4jj Ijj^i Yj l>LA"'j L^^~°J J-?«-^« JS" JUP ^fi-uj Ijjo- jOl» ^y~y * 

(no Oi?y^-«-' ' ^-^ r 

Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean 
clothes), while praying and going round (the Tawafof) the Ka 'hah, and eat 
and drink hut waste not by extravagance, certainly He (Allah) likes not 
Al-Musrifun (those who waste by extravagance)." 7 ' 

d|j jUjl d^±>i^>\ ^J> (yijL^i\ ..' ■ jTj dill 

'Wo doubt you call me to (worship) one who cannot grant (me) my request 
(or respond to my invocation) in this world or in the Hereafter. And our 
return will be to Allah, and Al-Musrifun (i.e. polytheists and arrogants, 
those who commit great sins, the transgressors of Allah's set limits)! they 
shall be the dwellers of the Fire!" 72 

People who lie (Al Kadhibln - CtW^^): 



9:75-77 
29:3 



Ot> rj'yl l Irf cyy^'i Jji-A^aJ ^4-^i ^ Hal; ^J^rJ *&' J 4 LP o* fv?3 * 



And 0/ rfiem are .some w/io made a covenant with Allah (saying): "If He 
bestowed on us of His bounty, we will verily, give adaqah (Zakat and 
voluntary charity in Allah 's Cause) and will be certainly among those who 
are righteous. " 

Then when He gave them of His bounty, they became niggardly [refused to 
pay the adaqah (Zakat or voluntary charity)], and turned away, averse. 
So He punished them by putting hypocrisy into their hearts till the day 
whereon they shall meet Him, because they broke that (covenant with 
Allah) which they had promised Him and because they used to tell lies." 71 

",\ ^u jjxJl Jfilillj lj3J-*> ^jiJll <&l Q-*&~& '/> $">** rji (f-^ ^~^ -^J 



' Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 141. 

1 Surah AIAraf(7), ayah 31. 

2 Surah Al Mu'min [or Ghafir](40), ayah 43. 
' Surah Al Taubah (9), ayat 75-77. 



Page I 394 



And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allah will certainly 
make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make 
(it) known (the falsehood of) those who are liars, (although Allah knows all 
that before putting them to test)." 74 

People who are both extravagant and liars (Al Musrifin wa'l Kadhibln 



40:28 



And a believing man of Fir aun's (Pharaoh) family , who hid his faith said: 
"Would you kill a man because he says: My Lord is Allah, and he has come 
to you with clear signs (proofs) from your Lord? And if he is a liar, upon 
him will be (the sin of) his lie; but if he is telling the truth, then some of that 
(calamity) wherewith he threatens you will befall on you. " Verily, Allah 
guides not one who is a Musrif(a polytheist, or a murderer who shed blood 
without a right, or those who commit great sins, oppressor, transgressor), a 
liar!" 7 ' 

People who are mischief-makers (Al Mufsidln - Oi^r" 1 ™)'-' 



5:64 

28:77 

10:81 



1:^01 1 J \r^J ^^J^* \LX> J ^y* \tXA I ijjj I La (l-T 1 - 4 '_/w ^_J "^i/Pj f ^° <— "^^ 

The Jews say: "Allah 's Hand is tied up (i.e. He does not give and spend of 
His bounty). " Be their hands tied up and be they accursed for what they 
uttered. Nay, both his hands are widely outstretched. He spends (of His 
bounty) as He wills. Verily, the Revelation that has come to you from Allah 
increases in most of them their obstinate rebellion and disbelief. We have 
put enmity and hatred amongst them till the Day of Resurrection. Every 
time they kindled the fire of war, Allah extinguished it; and they (ever) 
strive to make mischief on earth. And Allah does not like the Mufsidun 



* Surah Al ' Ankabut (29), ayat 3. 

s Surah Al Mumin [or Ghafir](40), ayah 28. 



Page | 395 



(mischief makers)." 76 

A* it 

cr J-ij Liilt ^. lii^i ^r-^' Vj sjs-'^fT jijjf Si _<L5i; LLj i^Tj 
^.u_JlL)T 4~f - Si ST ol (j^jVT ^ jLliit Ai3 Slj *»"i.i| ST j^U-i LL=== 



B«/ .see/c, wiV/i rfia< (wealth) which Allah has bestowed on you, the home of 
the Hereafter, and forget not your portion of legal enjoyment in this world, 
and do good as Allah has been good to you, and seek not mischief in the 
land. Verily, Allah likes not the Mufsidun (those who commit great crimes 
and sins, oppressors, tyrants, mischief-makers, corrupts)." 77 

Jj? frly-M Si *ill 0! J^lj?:-'" *^' Ol >*-—" *i -J^^t ^ Iff li^ \jil\ ills 

Then when they had cast down, Masa (Moses) said: "What you have 
brought is sorcery, Allah will surely make it of no effect. Verily, Allah does 
not set right the work of Al-Mufsidun (the evil-doers, corrupts, etc.).' 17 " 

People who are transgressors/aggressors (Al Mu'tadin - Oj&x*l) : 



2:190 

5:87 
7:55 
10:74 



S) 4»i ^j_j! ij-iii; Sfj j&Sj\-.'i: jjjji *u\ j ; . r„ j ijkjj 



And fight in the Way of Allah those who fight you, but transgress not the 
limits. Truly, Allah likes not Al-Mu 'tadin (the transgressors)." 7 " 

<L& ~i '&\ l_^\ \)j^c % 'JUi -ml Ji-I C o^> i>v^ ^ i>^i; atJJI 4.^- 

3 ^.ailiJI 

O yow w/io believe! Make not unlawful the -<aiyibat (all that is good as 
regards foods, things, deeds, beliefs, persons, etc.) which Allah has made 
lawful to you, and transgress not. Verily, Allah does not like Al-Mu'tadin 
(the transgressors). " m 



76 Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayah 64. 
" Surah Al Qasa? (28), ayah 77. 

78 Surah YQnus (10), ayah 81. 

79 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 190. 

80 Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayat 87. 

Page | 396 



^.j£L«Ji l--^-" "^ jaj] ^lij-j £jv^ *5v3 '^^ 



Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret. He likes not Al-Mu 'tadm (the 
aggressors)."" 

{7: ^.-Ujl«JI <_^1s <^p * '£■•' *iAJ' JS" (Jli ^ ^^j \yj^ 

Then after him We sent Messengers to their people, they brought them clear 
proofs, hut they would not believe what they had already rejected 
beforehand. Thus We seal the hearts of Al-Mu 'tadln [the transgressors 
(those who disbelieve in the Oneness of Allah and disobey Him)]." 82 

People who are disloyal and reject the graces bestowed upon them: 



22:36 

30:33-34 

39:3 



>s ,, * , , -. - % » ,~ , >~ ■ , ,( , ■ "- ,, - - " 

1SCI l^/*-» iHJ'JS" Ji«Jlj AJLaJI Ij^jJslj t,L Ijixs i£y-?- o~?-j liji 

And Hie Bwdn (cows, oxen, or camels driven to be offered as sacrifices by 
the pilgrims at the sanctuary of Makkah.) We have made for you as among 
the symbols of Allah, therein you have much good. So mention the name of 
Allah over them when they are drawn up in lines (for sacrifice). Then, when 
they are down on their sides (after slaughter), eat thereof, and feed the 
beggar who does not ask (men), and the beggar who asks (men). Thus have 
We made them subject to you that you may be grateful."" 

And wnen warm touches men, they cry sincerely only to their Lord (Allah), 
turning to Him in repentance, but when He gives them a taste of His mercy, 
behold! a party of them associate partners in worship with their Lord. 
So as to be ungrateful for the graces which We have bestowed on them. 
Then enjoy (your short life); but you will come to know." 81 

L'^JjlJ Sll \x jJo L. iijjjl l4j_jj ^^ IjJLil ^Tjijjlj t _ r =Jlil ^j]1 & Sh 



l!l Surah AlA'raf(7), ayah 55. 
"»' Surah YQnus (10), ayah 74. 
1183 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 36. 

184 Surah Al Rum (30), ayat 33-34. 



Page I 397 



y» If t£$%t *5 au! ol ^<jjl&£-<-i p* C c%M^. pi'iDl o! i^JJ *lll J! 

Surely, the Deen [religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience)] is for Allah 
only. And those who take Auliyd' (protectors and helpers) besides Him 
(say): "We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allah. " Verily, 
Allah will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Truly, 
Allah guides not him who is a liar, and a disbeliever."" 

People who are disloyal and inundated with sin: 

4:107 

ggj iLijI b\y~ of Ja <L^ St AJJl ol ^-~ jbl Oyte-~ ^iAH rf- D^f % 

And argue not on behalf of those who deceive themselves. Verily, Allah does 
not like anyone who is a betrayer of His trust, and indulges in crime."" 6 

People who reject the graces bestowed upon them and commit sin: 

2:276 



Allah will destroy Ribd (usury) and will give increase for adaqat (deeds of 
charity, alms, etc.). And Allah likes not the disbelievers, sinners."" 7 



1185 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 3. 

1186 Surah AlNisa' (4), ayah 107. 
ls ' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 276. 



Page I 398 



Page | 399 



CHAPTER 6 
The Attitude of 'mankind' towards Islam 



is 



■£■ -17 



jgj5 ... JJl qa JlL$\ jjjj Jl qij]\ ^ aljTj ^ 



There is no compulsion in the Deen. Verily, the Right 
Path has become distinct from the wrong path. . . n " 






yew w/io believe! Enter perfectly in Islam and follow 
not the footsteps ofShai an. Verily, He is to you a plain 
enemy. nm 






7/e /ias chosen you, and has not laid upon you in the 
Deen any hardship, it is the creed of your father 
'Ibrahim. It is He Who has named you Muslims both 
before... '"° 



1 1!S Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 256. 
1 189 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 208. 
1 "° Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 78. 

Page | 400 



Muslimln o^* 1 "" 

Have faith and enter into Islam 

4:136 Have faith in Allah, His Messengers, His Books, His Angels, 

2:62 the Last Day, and Qadar (predestination both good and bad). 

^il£==t}\j <-Ay~j \j& Uji (j:AJI ^_^£5Cllj <-<*}j~»jj *^U '>^'» '3^U O^' K-^-i 
j_ai j^y I ^°>^'i ^aJJLJj ^^Sj ^^SCj.Uj jJjLj 3^j ^J (Jli ^ Jjjl t^AJI 

O you who believe! Believe in Allah, and His Messenger (Mu ammad M), 
and the Book (the Qur an) which He has sent down to His Messenger, and 
the Scripture which He sent down to those before (him), and whosoever 
disbelieves in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Last 
Day, then indeed he has strayed far away."" 1 

Verily! those who believe and those who are Jews and Christians, and 
Sabians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and do righteous good 
deeds shall have their reward with their Lord, on them shall be no fear, nor 
shall they grieve .""-' 

2:208-209 Enter Islam whole-heartedly and do not turn away from it. 



■y«f 

O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islam (by obeying all the rules and 

regulations of the Islamic religion) and follow not the footsteps ofShai an 

(Satan). Verily! He is to you a plain enemy. 

Then if you slide back after the clear signs (Prophet Mu ammad Mand this 

Qur an, and Islam) have come to you, then know that Allah is All-Mighty, 

All-Wise.'" 1 



1 "' Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 136. 
1 m Surah Al Baqarah (32, ayah 62. 
11,3 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 208-209. 

Page | 401 



2:23-24 The truth comes from Allah and for that reason do not doubt the 

authenticity (truth) of Al Quran. 

~S'e\j-frL \j£-l\j ^?iL* ^jA Sjj— J IjjU bdl_p ( Up UJjj 1_«_4 ^_-JJ (J r< "' - — ' oii 

jjl jbJI I^JLjIi I^LsLflj q]j I^JjLij 1J ol^ f;~J: q^J^^> *^£ - ;_jj ^JJI Oj-^ r>? 

And if you (Arab pagans, Jews, and Christians) are in doubt concerning 
that which We have sent down (i.e. the Qur an) to Our slave (Mu ammad 
M), then produce a Surah (chapter) of the like thereof and call your 
witnesses (supporters and helpers) besides Allah, if you are truthful. 
But if you do it not, and you can never do it, then fear the Fire (Hell) whose 
fuel is men and stones, prepared for the disbelievers." 94 

2:28-29 Furthermore, do not disavow Allah because of His Oneness and His 

Authority. 

(cio a^ &cs^ i_p^ j-*3 cu'ft^-*-^ ,*--*" ('r^j-*^ al » m>ii 

How can you disbelieve in Allah? Seeing that you were dead and He gave 
you life. Then He will give you death, then again will bring you to life (on 
the Day of Resurrection) and then unto Him you will return. 
He it is who created for you all that is on earth. Then He Istawa (rose over) 
towards the heaven and made them seven heavens and He is the All-Knower 
of everything." 91 

Profession and Testimony of embrace into Islam - Shahadat 



7:158 Say: "O people of the Scripture: Come to a word that is just between 

3:52-53 us and you, that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no 

3:64-68 partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords 

2:112 besides Allah. Then, if they turn away, say: "Bear witness that we 

are Muslims". 



— 5 JjT ^SJt "J£\ AjLy } Mj \jL\li o^Jj ^^4 > "5j iJj ^' (ji-jVlj 



* Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 23-24. 
s Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 28-29. 



Page | 402 






>!£=', <d)b 



Soy (O Mu ammad M): "O mankind! Verily, I am sent to you all as the 
Messenger of Allah - to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the 
earth. La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He); it is 
He who gives life and causes death. So believe in Allah and His Messenger 
(Mu ammad M), the Prophet who can neither read nor write (i.e. 
Mu ammad M) who believes in Allah and His Words [(this Qur an), the 
Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) and also Allah 's Word: Be! - and he 
was, i.e. Isa (Jesus) son of Maryam (Mary),], and follow him so that you 
may be guided. ""'"• 

^L-'jli l j'*'^ ^ jiil J] tjj\ i^»jl q^ Jli y&>\ f^-; ^__yl-p A—a-l bUi ♦ 

C-Jpl baJ U-ali bjj (C?J ^ - J q^JjLa bb J g '"• I j *UJb b^ali *0J I jL^ajl ^>- 

77ien w/ien &z (Jesus) came to know of their disbelief, he said: "Who will 
be my helpers in Allah's Cause?" Al- awariun (the disciples) said: "We 
are the helpers of Allah; we believe in Allah, and bear witness that we are 
Muslims (i.e. we submit to Allah). " 

Our Lord! We believe in what You have sent down, and we follow the 
Messenger [ Isa (Jesus)]; so write us down among those who bear witness 
(to the truth i.e. La ilaha ill-Allah - none has the right to be worshipped but 
Allah)." 97 

bb \j J_gjll \j)jJ13 tyy oj^ ^' Oj^ rr? Qh3' U^ju 1 r ^ » ; -l^t^J Vj b~i ^Aj 

■bjaXjl C-J JJ I b)J ^Jb'jjl 79 ^^_J j^- b>eJ *J 1 '" *~ 1 ' I jjjbUj i'(tT): ^■JJ_«_UL« 

JxJ bLi >^>i> E^fji* iulli [Jjj; ^^jjiajLJ Slil ^o^lij ,>? "i\ J^^J^'j 

(Jfj Oj-*-^ "^ J*-J 'J [»-^4 ^ 'J [V% <-^J (*5*J (J«J bs-J ^lj J*- b»eJ Iji iit ^AJ 
^jA Qt bVj LoJULa 1 0; .;^ - ^_J^ C^ 1 ^ b^L/V 2 ^ "^J ^?JT- P~i£[£l 0& b* 

^y.-i)lj j^LlI ljj_ij ojatol Oi,-^ (^?j?k o"^ Jj' ^-j! '«S o£A«-" 

Say (O M» ammad 0): "O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): 
come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but 
Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall 
take others as lords besides Allah. Then, if they turn away, say: "Bear 



' Surah AlA'raf(7), ayah 158. 
' Surah Al Imran (3), ayat 52-53. 



Page | 403 



witness that we are Muslims. " 

O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Why do you dispute about 

'Ibrahim (Abraham), while the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) were 

not revealed till after him? Have you then no sense? 

Verily, you are those who have disputed about that of which you have 

knowledge. Why do you then dispute concerning that which you have no 

knowledge? It is Allah who knows, and you know not. 

'Ibrahim (Abraham) was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but he was a true 

Muslim anifa (Islamic Monotheism - to worship none but Allah Alone) and 

he was not of Al-Mushrikun. 

Verily, among mankind who have the best claim to 'Ibrahim (Abraham) are 

those who followed him, and this Prophet (Mu ammad 0) and those who 

have believed (Muslims). And Allah is the WalTy (protector and helper) of 

the believers." 9 " 

Yes, but whoever submits his face (himself) to Allah (i.e. follows Allah's 
religion of Islamic Monotheism) and he is a Mu sin (good-doer i.e. 
performs good deeds totally for Allah 's sake only without any show off or to 
gain praise or fame, etc., and in accordance with the Sunnah of Allah's 
Messenger Mu ammad M) then his reward is with his Lord (Allah), on such 
shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve."" 

Applying the teachings of Islam 



2:208 Enter into Islam whole-heartedly (do not be selective), sincerely 

4:146 and with the objective of perfecting obedience towards Allah, by 

39:10-14 applying the teachings of Allah. 



© L»T* J-^ (-^ 

O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islam (by obeying all the rules and 
regulations of the Islamic religion) and follow not the footsteps ofShai an 
(Satan). Verily! he is to you a plain enemy. ,2m 



Except those who repent (from hypocrisy), do righteous good deeds, hold 
fast to Allah, and purify their Deen (religion) for Allah (by worshipping 



1 " 8 Surah Al Imran (3), ayat 64-68. 
1 "' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 1 12. 
1200 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 208. 

Page I 404 



none but Allah, and do good for Allah' s sake only, not to show-off), then 
they will be with the believers. And Allah will grant to the believers a great 
reward.' 2 '" 

Aijlj ii^>- Lojdl ajj-i j \y~~>-\ jyJJ iS~-jj Ij-SjI \^\\ rjt^ i^-^-i L^ 

Say (O Mu ammad M): "O My slaves who believe (in the Oneness of Allah 

- Islamic Monotheism), be afraid of your Lord (Allah) and keep your duty to 

Him. Good is (the reward) for those who do good in this world, and Allah 's 

earth is spacious (so if you cannot worship Allah at a place, then go to 

another)! Only those who are patient shall receive their rewards in full, 

without reckoning. " 

Say (O Mu ammad 0): "Verily, I am commanded to worship Allah (Alone) 

by obeying Him and doing religious deeds sincerely for Allah's sake only 

and not to show off, and not to set up rivals with Him in worship; 

"And I am commanded (this) in order that I may be the first of those who 

submit themselves to Allah (in Islam) as Muslims. " 

Say (0 Mu ammad 0): "Verily, if I disobey my Lord, I am afraid of the 

torment of a great day. " 

Say (0 MuHammad M) "Allah alone I worship by doing religious deeds 

sincerely for His sake only and not to show-off, and not to set up rivals with 

Him in worship. " I2m 

39:38 Entrust and devote oneself piously to Allah. 

^ o^poj U ^ij^I lis 4i)l ^JiyCS ly^j^\'$ cJ'y-*-^>S\ i j)^- ^ ^-4-^ ^ O^J 

And verily, if you ask them: "Who created the heavens and the earth?" 
surely, they will say: "Allah (has created them). " Say: "Tell me then, the 
things that you invoke besides Allah, if Allah intended some harm for me, 
could they remove His harm, or if He (Allah) intended some mercy for me, 
could they withhold His mercy?" Say : "Sufficient for me is Allah; in Him 
those who trust (i.e. believers) must put their trust. " I201 

64:16 Be pious towards Allah according to one's capabilities; pay attention 

to His teachings and obediently execute them. 



1201 Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 146. 

1202 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayat 10-14. 

1203 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 38. 



Page I 405 



rz-C* i3^i /tAJ ^ *-~3 n^aj i[ 'j2-^~ I j '' Ij I a*Jfl I J I &Jt_e~*u It ^ »U" .' I l_a *Cb I I .jij Ij 

So &eep your duty to Allah and fear Him as much as you can; listen and 
obey; and spend in charity, that is better for yourselves, and whosoever is 
saved from his own covetousness, then they are the successful ones.' 2 " 

22:78 Truly, Islam is not a religion of confined perceptions. 

6:152-153 Allah does not overburden 'mankind' except in conformance to their 

capabilities. 

I J gj " l_J 9-^ V ' Oj^V^ ' '^' ^ itj L^^ t'.T 9 ^~ ft ~ ft *3vJ_«w« ajb 

djjb lj ,,^-clj SjSjJI Ijjlfj 5 J 1 ya II Ij^-Jls .^i-JI <_^ fl-^t" Ijj^njJ ^5C~Lc- 

And strive nan/ m Allah's Cause as you ought to strive (with sincerity and 
with all your efforts that His Name should be superior). He has chosen you 
(to convey his message of Islamic Monotheism to mankind by inviting them 
to His religion, Islam), and has not laid upon you in the Been (religion) any 
hardship, it is the religion of your father 'Ibrahim (Abraham) (Islamic 
Monotheism). It is He (Allah) who has named you Muslims both before and 
in this (the Qur an), that the Messenger (Mu ammad M) may be a witness 
over you and you be witnesses over mankind! So perform A alat 
(Iqamat-a - alat), give Zakat and holdfast to Allah [i.e. have confidence in 
Allah, and depend upon Him in all your affairs] He is your Maula (Patron, 
Lord, etc.), what an excellent Maula (Patron, Lord, etc.) and what an 
excellent Helper!' 2 " 

, , E , , > - -,- ',,*.,,- - U , , *■' , . , 



1 QjiJC li 



=JJ 



r 

"And come raof near /o the orphan 's property, except to improve it, until he 
(or she) attains the age of full strength; and give full measure and full 
weight with justice. We burden not any person, but that which he can bear. 
And whenever you give your word (i. e. judge between men or give evidence, 

1204 Surah Al TagMbun (64), ayah 1 6. 

1205 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 78. 

Page I 406 



etc.), say the truth even if a near relative is concerned, and fulfill the 
Covenant of Allah, this He commands you, that you may remember. 
"And verily, this is My Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) 
paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. This He has ordained 
for you that you may become Al-Muttaqun. " ,m 

23:62 'mankind' will receive recompense based on their own individual 

piety. 

,,,.,' ' T -. — , - ,„'**,,,* --,"-,' 

(j?J Oj-«W M J«-»J jh^-'-i i&^->- 4-^f ^-*)j ^<*"'J *j '-— ^ "— "^ 'j 

And We tax not any person except according to his capacity, and with Us is 
a record which speaks the truth, and they will not be wronged. I2m 

Interfaith relationships 



21:107 Islam is the religion that endows with mercy; calling 'mankind' by 

16:125 the best of means; prohibiting the abuse of that worshipped by 

6:108 people of another religion; when debate occurs then it also must 

29:46 be performed in a good way. 

And We have sent you (O Mu ammad M) not but as a mercy for the 'AlamTn 
{mankind, jinns and all that exists).' 20 " 

* S --* «• ,•,■",--- -~ ----- - >,' 

OO ^ J " g a I u ^alp I jAj ^4l--_« qP (J-^> (>«-! ^P ' J-* ^-4J 

Invite (mankind, O Mu ammad M) to the way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with 
wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration and the Qur an) and fair 
preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord 
knows best who has gone astray from His path, and He is the best aware of 
those who are guided.' 20 ' 

JxJ LyJiLU'iS' jAc-JJu Ijdi ail Iji— 4s *iil Oj-^tV? Gj*-- 1 *} >ojyJ' [>! "' *j 

And insult no/ /no.se whom they (disbelievers) worship besides Allah, lest 
they insult Allah wrongfully without knowledge. Thus We have made 
fair seeming to each people its own doings; then to their Lord is their 
return and He shall then inform them of all that they used to do.' 2 '" 

206 Surah Al An'am (6), ayat 152-153. 
Surah Al Muminun (23), ayah 62. 
Surah Al 'Anbiya' (21), ayah 107. 
Surah AINahl (16), ayah 125. 
Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 108. 

Page | 407 



I^Jjij ^L \jlUb 'otJll Ml 1>.\ ^ jJLj MJ y^-^JI Jil IjJj^- Mj * 

And argue not with the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), 
unless it be in (a way) that is better (with good words and in good manner, 
inviting them to Islamic Monotheism with His Verses), except with such of 
them as do wrong, and say (to them): "We believe in that which has been 
revealed to us and revealed to you; our Ildh (God) and your Ilah (God) is 
one (i.e. Allah), and to Him we have submitted (as Muslims). """ 

3:61 when necessary one may invoke a curse; 

73:10 and distance oneself from them in a good way; 

^Jilljlj Liilljl pjlii I'jiliu Ijii >d*JI Q* ilili- L« Jbu £j» <£ lUS-Io- q^3 



77ien whoever disputes with you concerning him [ Isa (Jesus)] after (all 
this) knowledge that has come to you, [i.e. Isa (Jesus)] being a slave of 
Allah, and having no share in divinity) say: (O Mu ammad M) "Come, let 
us call our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and 
yourselves - then we pray and invoke (sincerely) the Curse of Allah upon 
those who lie. " ,2n 



And be patient (O Mu ammad M) with what they say, and keep away from 
them in a good way.' 2 " 

109:1-6 Islam bestows the freedom for 'mankind' to choose; 

2:256 there is no compulsion to embrace Islam, because it is already 

6: 1 04 clear as to what is true and what is false. 



j_pl La ojJ_ip ji^il Mj [JvJ oj-lJu L. J_pi M Jtj! ^_jjj&±£=>}\ Ljlbj 'Ji 
(f.zlij'jf^z'jfS j'f J j_p I L. o_j jl_ip j£i I M j gfj 5 jli U J-; 1c li I M j @ 



Say CO Mm ammad M to these Mushrikun and Kafirun): "O Al-Kdfirun 
(disbelievers in Allah, in His Oneness, in His Angels, in His Books, in His 
Messengers, in the Day of Resurrection, and in Al-Qadar, etc.)! 
"I Worship not that which you worship, 



1 Surah Al ' Ankabut (29), ayah 46. 

1 Surah Al ' Imran (3), ayah 6 1 . 

! Surah Al Muzzammil (73), ayah 10. 



Page | 408 



"Nor will you worship that which I worship. 

"And I shall not worship that which you are worshipping. 

"Nor will you worship that which I worship. 

"To you be your Deen (religion), and to me my Deen (religion - Islamic 

Monotheism). "' 2 ' 4 

" «- ,, > " - >', , - 1 -'- ,,,*,-.,■<-""■* , ,• - 

There is no compulsion in the Deen (religion). Verily, the right path has 
become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in -<aghut and 
believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that 
will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.' 2 " 






Verify, proofs have come to you from your Lord, so whosoever sees, will do 
so for (the good of) his ownself and whosoever blinds himself, will do so to 
his own harm, and I (Mu ammad 0) am not a watcher over you.' 2 ' 6 

1:61-62 Islam is the religion that loves and inclines to peace; fight against 

1:57-58 those others who initiated the fight against you; do not look for 

enemies and when one meets an enemy do not ran from them. 






Bw/ i/ //ley incline to peace, you also incline to it, and (put your) trust in 
Allah. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. 

And if they intend to deceive you, then verily, Allah is All-Sufficient for you. 
He it is who has supported you with his help and with the believers.' 2 " 



ffj ij^ijlii ii-^-" Si *iii o! }ij-~ j* X&Jl J-pij ^li^r y3^ t^? ^j_j^- 

So if you gain the mastery over them in war, punish them severely in order 
to disperse those who are behind them, so that they may learn a lesson. 
If you (O Mu ammad M)fear treachery from any people throw back (their 



1:14 Surah Al Kaflrun (109), ayat 1-6. 
I2I! Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 256. 
1216 Surah Al An'am (6), ayat 104. 
"" Surah Al Anfil (8), ayat 61-62. 



Page | 409 



covenant) to them (so as to be) on equal terms (that there will be no more 
covenant between you and them). Certainly Allah likes not the 
treacherous.' 2 ' 8 

5:82 Islam must be cautious with the responsiveness of the People of the 

Book, namely the Jews and the Christians. 

J ■ ) Jji^J '<! \^'jL\ ^jiAJIj i j_gJLl I \^j>\\ jiJjJ 5j'J-P ,r"llll J-il O- 1 -?^ * 



;^: oj. 



>+"j 



bLjk; 



'JJ 



Verily, you will find the strongest among men in enmity to the believers 
(Muslims) the Jews and those who are Al-Mushrikun, and you will find the 
nearest in love to the believers (Muslims) those who say: "We are 
Christians. " That is because amongst them are priests and monks, and they 
are not proud.' 2 " 

Mu'minln Cj^»^> 



Faith 



2:136-138 The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from 

2:285 his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in allah, his 

4:136 Angels, His Books, and His messengers. They say, "We make no 

39:17-18 distinction between one another of His Messengers" - and they 

49:14-15 say, "we hear, and we obey, (we seek) Your Forgiveness, our Lord, 

and to You is the return (of all)". 



Cjyh-*y$ (V^b-SiU J-JiiT-lj J»±A'jSl JJI Jjjl L»J UJI Jjjl LVj d&b LLali I^JjS 
£ t * * £ s j i i i ** 



01) U 



-UAl JjlS <JU 



iC_a U La ip o ) I aj^a I 



■jLs 



0>>J-^-« j*J ^*j J«4^? 




Say (O Muslims), "We believe in Allah and that which has been sent down 
to us and that which has been sent down to 'Ibrahim (Abraham), Ismd 'il 
(Ishmael), 'Is aq (Isaac), Ya qub (Jacob), and to Al-Asba [the twelve sons 
of Ya qub (Jacob)], and that which has been given to Musa (Moses) and 



' Surah Al Anfil (8), ayat 57-58. 
' Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayah 82. 



Page I 410 



Isa (Jesus), and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. 
We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have submitted 
(in Islam). " 

So if they believe in the like of that which you believe, then they are rightly 
guided, but if they turn away, then they are only in opposition. So Allah will 
suffice you against them. And He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower. 
[Our ibghah (religion) is] the ibghah (religion) of Allah (Islam) and 
which ibghah (religion) can be better than Allah's? And we are His 
worshippers.' 220 

f , , ^^ % > ^ ■ *=•• *•' i ~ ■ > * 

.,*•,_,, ,,.>,* , , , , i ,,>-,' 

ujj <±Xi\ jhs- UjuslJ L'j-g.n. '*JLij ^a\S*,j .yo J_>-l ^j_^xh <J>y& i ^^x^jj 

The Messenger (Mu ammad #j believes in what has been sent down to him 
from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allah, His 
Angels, His Books, and His Messengers. They say, "We make no distinction 
between one another of His Messengers " - and they say, "We hear, and we 
obey. (We seek) Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the return (of 
all). "' 22 ' 

e-*il^=*Jlj ^<]j-«3 (1^ i-Lp <-£r^' i— ■'^Ij <-$y*'_f3 *^U '>^'» '3^U O^' ^x^-i 
JJts j^y I ^°^Jlj ^^JJLjj ^^Sj ^4i5o.Uj jJjLj ^iS^j ^J (Jli ^ Jjjl ^-\JI 

O you who believe! Believe in Allah, and His Messenger (Mu ammad M), 
and the Book (the Qur an) which He has sent down to His Messenger, and 
the Scripture which He sent down to those before (him), and whosoever 
disbelieves in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Last 
day, then indeed he has strayed far away.' 222 

Those who avoid A --<aghut (false deities) by not worshipping them and 
turn to Allah in repentance, for them are glad tidings; so announce the good 
news to My slaves, 

Those who listen to the word [good advice La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the 
right to be worshipped but Allah) and Islamic Monotheism, etc.] and follow 
the best thereof (i.e. worship Allah alone, repent to Him and avoid -•dghut. 



1220 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 136-138. 

1221 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 285. 

1222 Surah An Nisi' (4), ayah 136. 



Page I 411 



etc.) those are (the ones) whom Allah has guided and those are men of 
understanding. n " 

77ie bedouins say: "We believe. " Say: "You believe not but you only say, 
'We have surrendered (in Islam), ' for faith has not yet entered your hearts. 
But if you obey Allah and His Messenger (M), tie will not decrease anything 
in reward for your deeds. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." 
Only those are the believers who have believed in Allah and His Messenger, 
and afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and their lives for the 
Cause of Allah. Those! they are the truthful. n " 

Various characteristics of the Mu'minln 

9:7 1 Those who are Mu'minln carry out all acts of worship with devotion 

and act upon as well as call to that which is ma'ruf ( t — i JJ*-* - of 
benefit and prescribed by Islam), whilst abstaining from and 
prohibiting that which is munkar (J^» - disbelief and forbidden 
within Islam). 

O* tfrtH) <-Jjj**lU *^JLV"^ (_?<"-> ^J 1 ft * 1 '". '■^?j-«-l | j 0>rfi-»J | j 
,_{ t t , % -s , f t , „„ ',t ' ' t * > > - j — 

^J^lIjI j4jj-«jJ *Cul ^•^'j*„. „j 3 aS JJ I ^■JJ^Irij 5*1^J1 ^■J J O^ Ojj SsJ^sJI 

77ie Mu'minun (believers), men and women, are Auliyd' (helpers, 
supporters, friends, protectors) of one another, they enjoin (on the people) 
Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), 
and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all 
kinds, and all that Islam has forbidden); they perform A - alat 
(Iqdmat-a - alat) and give the Zakdt, and obey Allah and His Messenger. 
Allah will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.' 225 

8:2-4 they feel a fear in their hearts when the name of Allah is mentioned 

and always increase their faith when reciting His Ayat. 



1223 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayat 17-18. 

1224 Surah Al Hujurat (49), ayat 14-15. 
1 22! Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 7 1 . 

Page | 412 



i^jij itziA'f yps- c-i iijj %4.j& i^-krj **>' jfi iM oyi' ^L>>r?i-»-" ^I 



77ie Mu'minun (believers) are only those who, when Allah is mentioned, 

feel a fear in their hearts and when His Verses (this Qur an) are recited 

unto them, they (i.e. the verses) increase their faith; and they put their trust 

in their Lord (Alone); 

Who perform A - alat (Iqdmat a alat) and spend out of that We have 

provided them. 

It is they who are the believers in truth. For them are grades of dignity with 

their Lord, and forgiveness and a generous provision (Paradise).' 72 " 

32:15-16 They always fulfil and maintain their mandates and agreements. 

Ji (»-*) r*-&-U -*-*-^" '9 >t T' u 'J l-JLfltui U^i»- C. I ■ .-a — O 1^1 (V-Ul Ujujlij -j^Jj l_«jl 

On/y fftoi£ believe in Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, 

revelations, etc.), who, when they are reminded of them fall down prostrate, 

and glorify the praises of their Lord, and they are not proud. 

Their sides forsake their beds, to invoke their Lord in fear and hope, and 

they spend (charity in Allah's Cause) out of what We have bestowed on 

them.' 227 

1 6:94-97 They maintain Salat (o J^a - prayer) and perform it with humility. 

L«j sj-Ul laijjjj t-^^H **■*->. ?•& uj^ a *~~^ ' i : *^-=*-^ *5^-«-j' Ijj^t^j "a j 

H, .'*"','', i, " ' 'i ,( - - - 

, *-,-•* -- - ,*« * - * f 



' Surah Al Anfil (8), ayat 2-4. 

' Surah Al Sajdah (32), ayat 15-16. 



Page | 413 



And make not your oaths, a means of deception among yourselves, lest a 

foot may slip after being firmly planted, and you may have to taste the evil 

(punishment in this world) of having hindered (men) from the Path of Allah 

(i.e. belief in the Oneness of Allah and His Messenger, Mu ammad #), and 

yours will be a great torment (i.e. the Fire of Hell in the Hereafter). 

And purchase not a small gain at the cost of Allah 's Covenant. Verily! what 

is with Allah is better for you if you did but know. 

Whatever is with you, will be exhausted, and whatever with Allah (of good 

deeds) will remain, and those who are patient, We will certainly pay them a 

reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do . 

Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is 

a Mu 'min [true believer (of Islamic Monotheism)] verily, to him We will 

give a good life (in this world with respect, contentment and lawful 

provision), and We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the 

best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter).' 22 ' 

49:14-15 They strive in the Way of Allah with their wealth and their souls; 

distance themselves from words and deeds that are of no benefit; 
61:10-13 guard and preserve their honour, fulfil zakat C J ~ obligatory 

charity based on earnings), etc. 

*~\ ^ ■ }j3 j ' *-» li *-& ^Liljl *ujI J^—* ^ J*-fr~Jij\j 

The bedouins say: "We believe. " Say: "You believe not but you only say, 
'We have surrendered (in Islam), ' for faith has not yet entered your hearts. 
But if you obey Allah and His Messenger (0), He will not decrease anything 
in reward for your deeds. Verily, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." 
Only those are the Mu 'minun (believers) who have believed in Allah and 
His Messenger, and afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and 
their lives for the Cause of Allah. Those! they are the truthful.' 229 

4JJI> Oy-;p sjSj! jsJI i_>IJLP sy* J$Lj>*j3 hjjL ^J& _^Lbl [J-i \y^\' c Q!.Ji\ t^.lij 

" , -, *--., t* ,. *, .*" ,. ,'- -, l, >. *r >,'T - -■ E •- *- 

<L^jji r^j ^1 rrf jy*J ^y^~ <Xr*~'i CI=! f^*-'' jj-*-'' ^J'^ 0-*-^ ^r-^-^r 



' Surah AINahl (16), ayat 94-97. 
' Surah Al Hujurat (49), ayat 14-15. 



Page | 414 



O you who believe! Shall I guide you to a commerce that will save you from 

a painful torment. 

That you believe in Allah and His Messenger (Mu ammad M), and that you 

strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives, 

that will be better for you, if you but know! 

{if you do so) He will forgive you your sins, and admit you into gardens 

under which rivers flow, and pleasant dwelling in Gardens of 'Adn 

Eternity [Adn (Eden) Paradise], that is indeed the great success. 

lAnd also (He will give you) another (blessing) which you love, help from 

Allah (against your enemies) and a near victory. And give glad tidings (O 

Mu ammad M) to the Mu 'mimn (believers).' 210 

23:1-1 1 They are those who truly believe. 

J- j fjiS I oyy. 0lJ-^i ' O ^ J ^ ' (*"* "^fi J ' CS : OjJM ^ ff '3^° <!J* ^ 

Successful indeed are the Mu 'minim (believers). 

Those who offer their aldt (prayers) with all solemnity and full 
submissiveness. 

And those who turn away from Al-Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain talk, 
falsehood, and all that Allah has forbidden). 
And those who pay the Zakdt . 

And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts, from illegal sexual 
acts) 

Except from their wives or (the captives and slaves) that their right hands 
possess, for then, they are free from blame; 
But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors; 
Those who are faithfully true to their Amanat (all the duties which Allah has 
ordained, honesty, moral responsibility and trusts etc.) and to their 
covenants; 

And those who strictly guard their (five compulsory congregational) 
alawat (prayers) (at their fixed stated hours). 
These are indeed the inheritors. 

Who shall inherit the Firdaus (Paradise). They shall dwell therein 
forever. 1231 



' Surah Al Saff(61), ayat 10-13. 

1 Surah AlMu'minun (23), ayat 1-11. 



Page | 415 



Faith necessitates trials 

2:2 14 Do people think that they will be left alone 

3:179 because they say: "We believe", and will not be 

29:2-3 tested. And We indeed tested those who were 

29:5 before them. And Allah will certainly make (it) 

29:10-1 1 known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make (it) 

known (the falsehood of) those who are liars,. . . 

*L*,LJI *%-^a *5Uli ^ja l^ii- Qij} I (JL« f^SvjL) UJj ^L>Jl l^ij-Oj q\ J^lL~j>- »\ 
Aiil^ai o! "i" *il^v=i ^ j4*-« l_jijl« oir^'j Jj~".P' J>^. ej^ IjJjJjj »!/2»J'j 

Or rfiint vow f/jat you wi7/ enter Paradise without such (trials) as came to 
those who passed away before you ? They were afflicted with severe poverty 
and ailments and were so shaken that even the Messenger and those who 
believed along with him said, "When (will come) the help of Allah?" Yes! 
certainly, the help of Allah is near!' 212 

Qt UJ I 4JaJ I ^jA it^i~\ Jy^-i <~»- ^-JS- ^JL)I Us jjp ^i^aJ-«Jl J J-J *UJl ^6 U 

A//a/i wj// no< teave the Mu'mimn (believers) in the state in which you are 
now, until He distinguishes the wicked from the good. Nor will Allah 
disclose to you the secrets of the Ghaib (unseen), but Allah chooses of His 
Messengers whom He pleases. So believe in Allah and His Messengers. And 
if you believe and fear Allah, then for you there is a great reward. 1211 



qa QiJi\ Ills -LaJj J?J Oy^-i-i M ^-»j ll«li I>I>2j q\ IjS^o o' ^r"^-" 



-I 



Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: "We believe, " 
and will not be tested. 

And We indeed tested those who were before them. And Allah will certainly 
make (it) known (the truth of) those who are true, and will certainly make 
(it) known (the falsehood of) those who are liars, (although Allah knows all 
that before putting them to test).' 214 



ml Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 214. 

1233 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 179. 

1234 Surah Al - Ankabut (29), ayat 2-3. 

Page I 416 



Whoever hopes for the meeting with Allah, then Allah 's term is surely 
coming. And He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.' 2 " 

j 3 J_*2 (j LaJ ~j£- u *Cb I ~_J J I \S*JUt I • B — i U J -J J ■ I *J UJ -fA JY3J t W ZjU \ 

Of mankind are some who say: "We believe in Allah, " but if they are made 
to suffer for the sake of Allah, they consider the trial of mankind as Allah 's 
punishment, and if victory comes from your Lord, (the hypocrites) will say: 
"Verily! we were with you (helping you). " Is not Allah best aware of what is 
in the breast of the Alamln (mankind andjinns). 

Verily, Allah knows those who believe, and verily, He knows the hypocrites 
[i.e. Allah will test the people with good and hard days to discriminate the 
good from the wicked (although Allah knows all that before putting them to 
test)]. 121 " 

The Prophets were tested by Allah 



29:14-39 The Prophets were also put to the test by Allah within their lives. We 

2:155-157 can understand this from the narratives of the Prophets when they 

12:86 were confronted with the rebelliousness of their communities whilst 

they undertook giving them da'wah. They were always resolute and 

patient in carrying out pursuit of delivering the truth, despite the 

denial of their communities. 



q\ 150 jJ>- JL^=*J':> a^SjIj *iul Ij-^pI ^?>^J JLs il J»-a^jI3 (;";!: ^_^uaii*-IJ 
^jjJJI AUl i-p Ijiijlj lijj IxJ ^jjXLLj "^ Jil Oj-5 ^ji ^JJ-^ij Oi^' 



1235 Surah Al Ankabut (29), ayah 5. 

1236 Surah Al Ankabut (29), ayat 10-11. 



Page | 417 



^L^Tj Cl)^^' "is Jj ^^? ST oj^ o^ r^ ^J jLl^J' 4 ^jo^jVT 

3^ &jjI *frl Oj^ ^ ^*j J^-l Llil Jl5j (fj;;: Oj-^ir! -^3^ £-*4*3 d-U'i j 

q^ lip . *-•"=■ 5 ; ■■• U 4_Oo^_flJl Oj^^-J ^==^1 ^^-?J-^4 <J^ ^J Lis'jJj (;v7); ^L>=Il^aJl 

SfJ^>-Vi f*^Ji '>?"j'j '^' ijj-*pi >»^j J*-^ ^**-^ ji-*^' ^L^.- 1 -* (J13 CD 



Page |4U 




{Jgj ^vaiL^. IjilTj J«-Ul ^i l_»_uki p-fr^' o'^'" ' ^ 

Ac 



Anrf indeed We sent Nu (Noah) to his people, and he stayed among them a 

thousand years less fifty years [inviting them to believe in the Oneness of 

Allah (Monotheism), and discard the false gods and other deities], and the 

deluge overtook them while they were alimun (wrong-doers, polytheists, 

disbelievers, etc.). 

Then We saved him and those with him in the ship, and made it (the ship) as 

an Ayah (a lesson, a warning, etc.) for the 'Alamln (mankind, jinns and all 

that exists). 

And (remember) 'Ibrahim (Abraham) when he said to his people: "Worship 

Allah (Alone), and fear him, that is better for you if you did but know. 

"You worship besides Allah only idols, and you only invent falsehood. 

Verily, those whom you worship besides Allah have no power to give you 

provision, so seek your provision from Allah (Alone), and worship Him 

(Alone), and be grateful to Him. To Him (Alone) you will be brought back. 

"And if you deny, then nations before you have denied (their Messengers). 

And the duty of the Messenger is only to convey (the Message) plainly. " 

See they not how Allah originates creation, then repeats it. Verily, that is 

easy for Allah. 

Say: "Travel in the land and see how (Allah) originated creation, and then 

Allah will bring forth (resurrect) the creation of the Hereafter (i.e. 

resurrection after death). Verily, Allah is Able to do All things. " 

He punishes whom He will, and shows mercy to whom He will, and to Him 

you will be returned. 

And you cannot escape in the earth or in the heaven. And besides Allah you 

have neither any WalTy (protector or guardian) nor any helper. 

And those who disbelieve in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, 

signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah and the meeting with Him, it is they who 

have no hope of My Mercy, and it is they who will (have) a painful torment. 

So nothing was the answer of [ 'Ibrahim 's (Abraham)] people except that 

they said: "Kill him or burn him. " Then Allah saved him from the Fire. 

Verily, in this are indeed signs for a people who believe. 

And ['Ibrahim (Abraham)] said: "You have taken (for worship) idols 

instead of Allah, and the love between you is only in the life of this world, 

but on the Day of Resurrection, you shall disown each other, and curse 

each other, and your abode will be the Fire, and you shall have no helper. " 

So Lu (Lot) believed in him [ 'Ibrahim 's (Abraham) message of Islamic 

Monotheism]. He ['Ibrahim (Abraham)] said: "I will emigrate for the sake 

of my Lord. Verily, He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. " 

And We bestowed on him [ 'Ibrahim (Abraham)], 'Is aq (Isaac) and Ya qub 

(Jacob), and ordained among his offspring Prophethood and the Book [i.e. 

the Taurdt (Torah) (to Musa Moses), the Injeel (Gospel) (to 'Isa Jesus), 

the Qur an (to Mu ammad 0), all from the offspring of 'Ibrahim 

(Abraham)], and We granted him his reward in this world, and verily, in the 



Page |4H 



Hereafter he is indeed among the righteous. 

And (remember) Lu (Lot), when he said to his people: "You commit 

Al-Fa ishah (sodomy the worst sin) which none has preceded you in 

(committing) it in the Alamin (mankind andjinns). " 

"Verily, you do sodomy with men, and rob the wayfarer (travellers, etc.)! 

and practise Al-Munkar (disbelief and polytheism and every kind of evil 

wicked deed) in your meetings, "but his people gave no answer except, that 

they said: "Bring Allah 's torment upon us if you are one of the truthful. " 

He said: "My Lord! give me victory over the people who are Mufsidun 

(those who commit great crimes and sins, oppressors, tyrants, 

mischief-makers, corrupts). 

And when Our Messengers came to 'Ibrahim (Abraham) with the glad 

tidings they said: "Verily, we are going to destroy the people of this [Lu 's 

(Lot's)] town (i.e. the town of Sodom in Palestine) truly, its people have 

been alimun [wrong-doers, polytheists and disobedient to Allah, and have 

also belied their Messenger Lu (Lot)]. " 

'Ibrahim (Abraham) said: "But there is Lu (Lot) in it. " They said: "We 

know better who is there, we will verily save him [Lu (Lot)] and his family, 

except his wife, she will be of those who remain behind (i.e. she will be 

destroyed along with those who will be destroyed from her folk). " 

And when Our Messengers came to Lu (Lot), he was grieved because of 

them, and felt straitened on their account, they said: "Have no fear, and do 

not grieve! Truly, we shall save you and your family, except your wife, she 

will be of those who remain behind (i.e. she will be destroyed along with 

those who will be destroyed from her folk). 

Verily, we are about to bring down on the people of this town a great 

torment from the sky, because they have been rebellious (against Allah's 

Command). " 

And indeed We have left thereof an evident Ayah (a lesson and a warning 

and a sign the place where the dead sea is now in Palestine) for a folk who 

understand. 

And to (the people of) Madyan (Midian), we sent their brother Shu 'aib 

(Shuaib). He said: "O my people! Worship Allah, and hope for (the reward 

of good deeds by worshipping Allah alone, on) the Last Day, and commit no 

mischief on the earth as Mufsidun (those who commit great crimes, 

oppressors, tyrants, mischief-makers, corrupts). 

And they belied him [Shu 'aib (Shuaib)], so the earthquake seized them, and 

they lay (dead), prostrate in their dwellings. 

And 'Ad and Thamud (people)! And indeed (their destruction) is clearly 

apparent to you from their (ruined) dwellings. Shai an (Satan) made their 

deeds fair-seeming to them, and turned them away from the (Right) path, 

though they were intelligent. 

And (We destroyed also) Qarun (Korah), Fir aun (Pharaoh), and Human. 

And indeed Musa (Moses) came to them with clear Ayat (proofs, evidences, 

verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), but they were arrogant in the land, 

yet they could not outstrip us (escape Our punishment).'" 7 



1 Surah Al ' Ankabut (29), ayat 14-39. 

Page | 420 



(JgJ bj*=r3 ^\ ^13 ik ^1 '>"-* 3 4^ 1 -' (i ^V»i lij oi.4ii ifij ^y.f^jaJl 



And certainly, We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of 

wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to A - abirin (the patient ones, 

etc.). 

Who, when afflicted with calamity, say: "Truly! to Allah we belong and 

truly, to Him we shall return. " 

They are those on whom are the alawdt (i.e. blessings, etc.) (i.e. who are 

blessed and will be forgiven) from their Lord, and (they are those who) 

receive His Mercy, and it is they who are the guided-ones." 3 ' 

(jgj ^Tjj^ii; "i L. Jill ^_ja -Jplj JjI J! ~<j,j=~5 Jjj ijSLil Lol J IS 

He said: "I only complain of my grief and sorrow to Allah, and I know from 
Allah that which you know not.' 2 " 

Establishing the religion of Allah is the duty of the Mu'minln 



61:14 Being helpers of the religion of Allah in the same manner as the 

47:7 hawarin ((j)j' J^' - the disciples). 

JjstJCI ^ £j ^a Aju lis C-i-« lis Jil jUiul l y£- <}y_j\'ji-\ J IS Jjl Jl (^jUkjl 

£15 Oil e \j>^ad Ijbjji jji l_j^«li ^.Jjl liojli 2uL>U» OJ^iSj 

you wfto believe! Be you helpers (in the Cause) of Allah as said Isa 
(Jesus), son of'Maryam (Mary), to Al awdriun (the disciples): "Who are 
my helpers (in the Cause) of Allah?" Al awdriun (the disciples) said: "We 
are Allah 's helpers " (i.e. we will strive in His Cause!). Then a group of the 
Children of Israel believed and a group disbelieved. So We gave power to 
those who believed against their enemies, and they became the 
uppermost.' 24 " 

O you who believe! If you help (in the Cause of) Allah, He will help you, and 
make your foothold firm. 124 ' 

22:40-41 Helping the religion of Allah whole-heartedly (jihad - J '-^); with 

2:57 wealth and souls; Whoever wants to help the religion of Allah then 



">" Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 155-157. 

1239 Surah Yusuf (12), ayah 86. 

1240 Surah Al Saff(61), ayah 14. 

1241 Surah Muhammad (47), ayah 7. 

Page | 421 



49:15 Allah will help and strengthen their position as helpers of His 

religion. 

Those who have been expelled from their homes unjustly only because they 
said: "Our Lord is Allah. " -for had it not been that Allah checks one set of 
people by means of another, monasteries, churches, synagogues, and 
mosques, wherein the name of Allah is mentioned much would surely have 
been pulled down. Verily, Allah will help those who help His (Cause). 
Truly, Allah is All-Strong, All-Mighty. 

Those (Muslim rulers) who, if we give them power in the land, (they) order 
for Iqdmat-a - alctt. [i.e. to perform the five compulsory congregational 
alctt (prayers) (the males in mosques)], to pay the Zakdt and they enjoin 
Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), 
and forbid Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief, polytheism and all that Islam has 
forbidden) [i.e. they make the Qur an as the law of their country in all the 
spheres of life]. And with Allah rests the end of (all) matters (of 
creatures).' 242 

ISXllSjj Li 0-4^° Cr! 'j" L£>L~"J ,V«JI fiQ& liJjiij fLiiJl . ^-".fe llllkj 



2p Oj * M^i A g ' ■■ o '' I '$> o ^jSyJJ Uj_«JJi La J 



And We shaded you with clouds and sent down on you Al-Manna and the 
quails, (saying): "Eat of the good lawful things We have provided for you, " 
(but they rebelled). And they did not wrong Us but they wronged 
themselves.' 241 



Only those are the believers who have believed in Allah and His Messenger, 
and afterward doubt not but strive with their wealth and their lives for the 
Cause of Allah. Those! they are the truthful. ,u4 



' Surah Al Hajj (2), ayat 40-41. 
' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 57. 
1 Surah Al Hujurat (49), ayah 15. 



Page | 422 



The recompense and agreement of Allah for those who are 
faithful and apply themselves righteously 



2:82 



jjJllii- tpj 1_» jliJI d^^^s\ ii-LlJji c-iiik^JI lji«-pj l_jijl» ^y.AII'j 



And tfio.se w/io believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) and 
do righteous good deeds, they are dwellers of Paradise, they will dwell 
therein forever.' 24 ' 

Furthermore, read in their entirety (amongst others) the following ayat: 



4:57 



OioUi- J^~^\ tjut ^ ijji- c-iii- ^_jli- 1^. c-i>Jl$iJI i>Uij i>«li OiJl 



'J 



B«? tfio.se w/io believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) and 
do deeds of righteousness, We shall admit them to gardens under which 
rivers flow (Paradise), abiding therein forever. Therein they shall have 
Azwajun Mutahharatun [purified mates or wives (having no menses, stools, 
urine, etc.)] and We shall admit them to shades wide and ever deepening 
(Paradise).' 246 



4:173 



Oj-^ i>? fl-g-' Oj- 1 ^" *^J ^4' tjl J-P JL^jJ-R-j Ijj^^SsLllj l^iS^JjLlI ^j_^.A]l LJalj 

tjgj ijs^s Sij tij ^lt 

So, as for those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic 
Monotheism) and did deeds of righteousness, He will give their (due) 
rewards, and more out of His Bounty. But as for those who refuse His 
worship and were proud, He will punish them with a painful torment. And 
they will not find for themselves besides Allah any protector or helper.' 247 



4:175 



> Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 82. 
1 Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 57. 
' Surah AINisa' (4), ayah 173. 



Page I 423 



1^-X^J J ^ajj <U-a djr^j j ^ij-O-^-i ^<L> Ijq ,,^-TPlj djjb l^-alf ^^>iA]' LlLfi 



So, as for those who believed in Allah and held fast to Him, He will admit 
them to His Mercy and Grace (i.e. Paradise), and guide them to himself by 
a Straight Path. 124 ' 



9:72 




tpj oi-fi j!0 L^l ^ <j:> 



A//a/i /m.v promised to the believers -men and women, - gardens under 
which rivers flow to dwell therein forever, and beautiful mansions in 
Gardens of 'Adn (Eden Paradise). But the greatest bliss is the good 
pleasure of Allah. That is the supreme success.' 24 ' 

10:9-10 

Ven'fy, ffto.se w/io believe [in the Oneness of Allah along with the six 
Articles of Faith, i.e. to believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His 
Messengers, the Day of Resurrection, and Al-Qadar (Divine 
Preordainments) - Islamic Monotheism], and do deeds of righteousness, 
their Lord will guide them through their faith; under them will flow rivers in 
the gardens of delight (Paradise). 

Their way of request therein will be Sub anaka Allahumma (Glory to You, 
O Allah!) and Salam (peace, safe from each and every evil) will be their 
greetings therein (Paradise)! And the close of their request will be: 
Al- amdu Lilldhi Rabbil- AlamTn [all the praises and thanks are to Allah, 
the Lord of AlamTn (mankind, jinns and all that exists)].' 2 " 

10:63-64 



8 Surah AINisa' (4), ayah 175. 
' Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 72. 
Surah YCnus (10), ayat 9-10. 



Page | 424 



Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism), and 
used to fear Allah much (by abstaining from evil deeds and sins and by 
doing righteous deeds). 

For them are glad tidings, in the life of the present world (i.e. righteous 
dream seen by the person himself or shown to others), and in the Hereafter. 
No change can there be in the Words of Allah, this is indeed the supreme 



11:23 



_ „ * 

Verily, those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) 
and do righteous good deeds, and humble themselves (in repentance and 
obedience) before their Lord, - they will be dwellers of Paradise to dwell 
therein forever.' 151 



13:29 



Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism), and 
work righteousness, -<uba (it means all kinds of happiness or name of a tree 
in Paradise) is for them and a beautiful place of (final) return.' 1 " 

14:23 

OLJkS- _£S/I t^at ^ tsJl^sS- c^J4*JI ijLij ijiii; ^>.JJI J>olj 

And those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah and His Messengers and 
whatever they brought) and did righteous deeds, will be made to enter 
gardens under which rivers flow, - to dwell therein forever (i.e. in Paradise), 
with the permission of their Lord, their greeting therein will be: Salam 
(peace!).' 1 " 

18:30-31 



1 Surah YSnus (10), ayat 63-64. 

2 Surah Hud (II), ayah 23. 

1 Surah Al Ra'd (13), ayah 29. 
1 Surah Ibrahim (14), ayah 23. 



Page | 425 



-7- \JLSUjt C-x^a-j 

Verily! as for those who believe and do righteous deeds, certainly! We shall 
not suffer to be lost the reward of anyone who does his (righteous) deeds in 
the most perfect manner. 

These! for them will be 'Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting gardens); 
wherein rivers flow underneath them, therein they will be adorned with 
bracelets of gold, and they will wear green garments of fine and thick silk. 
They will recline therein on raised thrones. How good is the reward, and 
what an excellent Murtafaqd (dwelling, resting place, etc.)!' 2 " 

18: 107-108 



"Verily! those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) 
and do righteous deeds, shall have the Gardens of Al-Firdaus (the 
Paradise) for their entertainment. 

"Wherein they shall dwell (forever). No desire will they have to be removed 
therefrom. """' 

19:96 



Verily, those who believe [in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger 
(Mu ammad M)] and work deeds of righteousness, the Most Beneficent 
(Allah) will bestow love for them (in the hearts of the believers).' 257 

20:112 



And «e who works deeds of righteousness, while he is a believer (in Islamic 
Monotheism) then he will have no fear of injustice, nor of any curtailment 
(of his reward).' 2 ' 8 



21:94 



■j _"' £ — i j AJ b Vj <-A**-~S Q \jA £ — i ^>ls ry*\* J-*J , - .i-wli ^ 1 1 .^^ ^J-«-*J r>^ 



> Surah Al Kahf ( 1 8), ayat 30-31. 
'• Surah Al Kahf (18), ayat 107-108. 
7 Surah Maryam (19), ayah 96. 
! Surah Ta Ha (20), ayah 112. 



Page I 426 



So whoever does righteous good deeds while he is a believer (in the 
Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism), his efforts will not be rejected. 
Verily! We record it in his book of deeds.' 2 ' 9 



22:14 



Truly, Allah will admit those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do 
righteous good deeds (according to the Qur an and the Sunnah) to gardens 
underneath which rivers flow (in Paradise). Verily, Allah does what He 
wills. 176 " 



22:23-24 



fjfj >i-«ji-i -t'^ 1 ? <jl l3-*-*3 J>^" ^21^? ' •-■ 

Truly, Allah will admit those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic 
Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, to gardens underneath which 
rivers flow (in Paradise), wherein they will be adorned with bracelets of 
gold and pearls and their garments therein will be of silk. 
And they are guided (in this world) unto goodly speech (i.e. La ilaha 
ill-Allah, Al amdu lillah, recitation of the Qur an, etc.) and they are guided 
to the Path of Him (i.e. Allah's Religion of Islamic Monotheism), who is 
Worthy of All praises." 6 ' 



28:67 



But as for him who repented (from polytheism and sins, etc.), believed (in 
the Oneness of Allah, and in His Messenger Mu ammad M), and did 
righteous deeds (in the life of this world), then he will be among those who 
are successful.' 2 '' 2 



29:7 



'"' Surah Al Anbiya' (21), ayah 94. 

1260 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 14. 

1261 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayat 23-24. 
I2M Surah Al Qasas (28), ayah 67. 



Page I 427 



(So o_v-*-*^ ' j-* ^ 

Those who believe [in the Oneness of Allah (Monotheism) and in 
Messenger Mu ammad M and do not apostate because of the harm they 
receive from the poly theists], and do righteous good deeds, surely, We shall 
remit from them their evil deeds and shall reward them according to the 
best of that which they used to do.' 261 



30:15 



77ien a.« /or those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic 
Monotheism) and did righteous good deeds, such shall be honoured and 
made to enjoy luxurious life (forever) in a garden of delight (Paradise).' 2 " 



32:19 



ijj ojlcJJ \J>"i ll H'j> lsjU-H oil?- , ^^^^\ lji>j lj£.i; cy.Ali u 

As for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) 
and do righteous good deeds, for them are gardens (Paradise) as an 
entertainment, for what they used to do.' 26 ' 



34:37 



And it is not your wealth, nor your children that bring you nearer to us (i.e. 
pleases Allah), but only he (will please Us) who believes (in the Islamic- 
Monotheism), and does righteous deeds; as for such, there will be twofold 
reward for what they did, and they will reside in the high dwellings 
(Paradise) in peace and security.' 266 



35:7 



J>-^ SjiJLa >»Jo C^rl' yaJl l^jj-f^j IjJ-alp OiAHj -AJ^LJ" cL 1 '-^ (1-* 'jj^ 0^' 



Q 

Those who disbelieve, theirs will be a severe torment; and those who 
believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous 



U6 ' Surah Al ' AnkabQt (29), ayah 7. 
1264 Surah Al Rum (30), ayah 15. 
1,65 Surah Al Sajdah (32), ayah 19. 
1266 Surah Saba' (34), ayah 37. 



Page | 428 



good deeds, theirs will be forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise).' 2 " 
41:8 

Truly, those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism, 
and in His Messenger Mu ammad M) and do righteous good deeds, for 
them will be an endless reward that will never stop (i.e. Paradise).' 26 '' 

57:18-19 

J^iy j>"\ J»-$JJ J*-$J <-&*' 'hi b~~->- £^>yi 4Ul Ij^jSlj C^li J ya ■> 1 1 j <^iS J_^a_«jl ^1 

r , • * , f .«-, , , . ,? - ■ >-> ^ ** > , > ' >•' 

:~l j^p^-\ ^Jj£*\ ^jlljl b-*4LL I^j J_^=j lj>a^ ^j—^-r^'i r^J^i t*-*/?"' 

Verily, those who give adaqdt (i.e. Zakat and alms, etc.), men and women, 
and lend to Allah a goodly loan, it shall be increased manifold (to their 
credit), and theirs shall be an honourable good reward (i.e. Paradise). 
And those who believe in (the Oneness of) Allah and His Messengers, they 
are the iddiqun (i.e. those followers of the Prophets who were first and 
foremost to believe in them), and the martyrs with their Lord, they shall 
have their reward and their light, but those who disbelieve (in the Oneness 
of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) and deny Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, 
verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), they shall be the dwellers of the 
blazing fire.' 26 " 



85:11 



j>iJT iij-s ^vr t^t ^ ^j. i. 



%'*& ' 



Verily, those who believe and do righteous good deeds, for them will be 
gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise). That is the great success.' 270 

Muttaqin o£" 

The Command to be Pious 

39:10-16 It is the intention of those people who have faith to be pious towards 



7 Surah Fatir [or Al Mala' ikah] (35), ayah 7. 

' Surah Fussilat (41), ayah 8. 

' Surah Al HadTd (57), ayat 18-19. 

1 Surah Al Buruj (85), ayah 11. 



Page I 429 



Allah with the sincerest of piety, 
9:19 not merely by lip service alone; this in order to receive His mercy 

and indeed Allah is the One who 
49:10-12 accepts repentance and is the Most Merciful. 

Aijlj iI~o- UijJI »JtL» j l_ji~^-I JjiJU iSyj l_jijl l_ji^l» JjjJJI ill*!j ^}i 

rjA i^L \1* IjJ—pli ;;TJ; ^jj^ ja) liiii£ J— pi *ill Ji gvj s^iP ^jj <1jIJLp jjj 

3-» iHJ'i Mi i^iaji »^j ^-pliij m"^- 1 ' 'xw^~ C/-^' C^/ 1 ^"' '-'l ^ ^J- 3 

ejjjfriij'i JJi. ^£ ^j jllll £^ Jife p-§|^ Cr? (** SI'S C»r°-" Oly^J' 

Say (O Mu ammad M): "O My slaves who believe (in the Oneness of Allah 

- Islamic Monotheism), he afraid of your Lord (Allah) and keep your duty to 

Him. Good is (the reward) for those who do good in this world, and Allah 's 

earth is spacious (so if you cannot worship Allah at a place, then go to 

another)! Only those who are patient shall receive their rewards iln full, 

without reckoning. " 

Say (O Mu ammad 0): "Verily, I am commanded to worship Allah (Alone) 

by obeying Him and doing religious deeds sincerely for Allah's sake only 

and not to show off, and not to set up rivals with Him in worship; 

"And I am commanded (this) in order that I may be the first of those who 

submit themselves to Allah (in Islam) as Muslims. " 

Say (O Mu ammad 0): "Verily, if I disobey my Lord, I am afraid of the 

torment of a great day. " 

Say (O Mu ammad M) "Allah alone I worship by doing religious deeds 

sincerely for His sake only and not to show-off, and not to set up rivals with 

Him in worship. " 

So worship what you like besides Him. Say (O Mu ammad 0): "The losers 

are those who will lose themselves and their families on the Day of 

Resurrection. Verily, that will be a manifest loss! " 

They shall have coverings of fire, above them and covering (of fire) beneath 

them; with this Allah does frighten His slaves: "O My slaves, Therefore 

fear Me!"' 27 ' 

y^*i\ ^jlllj *ilj jv'i q^£ ^>\'jl-\ jb><JL«JI Sjtlfj jr^' *jL^ (*1»»"1 * 

fjfj (yj^si\ j»jill <_£^_ J *"'j *"' -^-f 0'j~~i Si *&l J^— j - L ^?"j 

Do you consider the providing of drinking water to the pilgrims and the 
maintenance of Al-Masjid-al- ardm (at Makkah) as equal to the worth of 



1 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayat 10-16. 

Page | 430 



those who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and strive hard and fight in the 
Cause of Allah? They are not equal before Allah. And Allah guides not 
those people who are the alimun (polytheists and wrong-doers)." 72 

i-"^l J~jj i^iaJML; IjjjUj Slj ^LLajl IJj^-b Slj j^? [#i- 3^ £>' lJ-* 
. ,, . *• ,( , ->•<*,>, -A- ,. '■ . E . •*.,,> >>•* 

jJ^jj vil: S(3 ij-^- ^j J^j ^M ,>~ ^jj iwi & \jS U^*-' 

77ie believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion). So make 

reconciliation between your brothers, and fear Allah, that you may receive 

mercy. 

O you who believe! Let not a group scoff at another group, it may be that 

the latter are better than the former; nor let (some) women scoff at other 

women, it may be that the latter are better than the former, nor defame one 

another, nor insult one another by nicknames. How bad is it, to insult one 's 

brother after having faith [i.e. to call your Muslim brother (a faithful 

believer) as: "O sinner", or "O wicked", etc.]. And whosoever does not 

repent, then such are indeed alimun (wrong-doers, etc.). 

O you who believe! Avoid much suspicions, indeed some suspicions are 

sins, and spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat 

the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting). And 

fear Allah. Verily, Allah is the one who accepts repentance, Most 

Merciful.' 271 

49:13 The persons who are the most honourable amongst 'mankind' and 

jinn are those who are the most pious. 

O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you 
into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most 
honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [i.e. one 
of the Muttaqun). Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Aware.' 274 



1212 Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 19. 

1273 Surah Al Hujurat (49), ayat 10-12. 

1274 Surah Al Hujurat (49), ayah 13. 



Page I 431 



59:18 With ample provisions of piety we plan ahead for the life of 

tomorrow. 

,,*, \,*. >*. M ,,*-<»', , .• ,". >'.*. ,, «. t , 

O you wfto believe! Fear Allah and keep your duty to Him. And let every 
person look to what he has sent forth for the morrow, and fear Allah. Verily, 
Allah is All-Aware of what you do.' 27 ' 

2:197 And the best of provisions is that of piety. 

77ie ay (pilgrimage) is (in) the well-known (lunar year) months (i.e. the 
10th month, the 11th month and the first ten days of the 12th month of the 
Islamic calendar, i.e. two months and ten days). So whosoever intends to 
perform ajj therein by assuming I ram), then he should not have sexual 
relations (with his wife), nor commit sin, nor dispute unjustly during the 
ajj. And whatever good you do, (be sure) Allah knows it. And take a 
provision (with you) for the journey, but the best provision is At-Taqwa 
(piety, righteousness, etc.). So fear Me, O men of understanding!' 276 

3:102 Fear Allah and do not die except in a state of Islam. 

3 jj^iii -joij S/| "cyy Slj ^jUj j>- alii i^iji i_jkI; ^jji tjjiij 

O you who believe! Fear Allah (by doing all that He has ordered and by 
abstaining from all that He has forbidden) as He should he feared. [Obey 
Him, he thankful to Him, and remember Him always], and die not except in 
a state of Islam (as Muslims) with complete submission to Allah.' 277 

Various Deeds to realize Piety 



2:2-5 Carry out with devotion all elements of righteous deeds upon the 

basis of faith and seeking the 
2:177 blessing of Allah. True fidelity is the devotion of 

2:189 people who are faithful. 



1275 Surah Al Haste (59), ayah 18. 

1276 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 197. 
I27 ' Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 102. 



Page I 432 






7M« is /fte Boofc (the Qur an), whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to 

those who are Al-Muttaqun [the pious and righteous persons who fear 

Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has 

forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He 

has ordained)]. 

Who believe in the Ghaib and perform A - aldt (Iqamat-a - aldt), and 

spend out of what We have provided for them [i.e. give Zakat , spend on 

themselves, their parents, their children, their wives, etc., and also give 

charity to the poor and also in Allah 's Cause - Jihad, etc.]. 

And who believe in (the Qur an and the Sunnah) which has been sent down 

(revealed) to you (Mu ammad M) and in [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel 

(Gospel), etc.] which were sent down before you and they believe with 

certainty in the Hereafter. (Resurrection, recompense of their good and bad 

deeds, Paradise and Hell, etc.). 

They are on (true) guidance from their Lord, and they are the successful.' 27 " 

/f is not Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, and each and every act of obedience 
to Allah, etc.) that you turn your faces towards east and (or) west (in 
prayers); but Al-Birr is (the quality of) the one who believes in Allah, the 
Last Day, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets and gives his wealth, in spite 
of love for it, to the kinsfolk, to the orphans, and to Al-Masakm (the poor), 
and to the wayfarer, and to those who ask, and to set slaves free, performs 
A - aldt (Iqamat-a - aldt), and gives the Zakat, and who fulfill their 
covenant when they make it, and who are A - abirin (the patient ones, etc.) 
in extreme poverty and ailment (disease) and at the time of fighting (during 
the battles). Such are the people of the truth and they are Al Muttaqun.' 27 " 

*UJ I l^flj \j L^j jj I qa - " M.V. ' [>* 'J -!__^ ' ilr 4 Jr ' Cr^J \-**jy$> cy* ' " '3-'- ' 



' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 2-5. 
' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 177. 



Page | 433 






77i<ry ask you (O Mu ammad M) about the new moons. Say: These are signs 
to mark fixed periods of time for mankind and for the pilgrimage. It is not 
Al-Birr (piety, righteousness, etc.) that you enter the houses from the hack 
but Al-Birr (is the quality of the one) who fears Allah. So enter houses 
through their proper doors, and fear Allah that you maybe successful.' 280 

2:183 Fast for piety; 

'. ^al3 ^ja ^j;.4)l Ji C^f liT f»L_^aJI -_£=aJt C^£ ly^H QiOll Lfjllj 

O you who believe! Observing A - aum (the fasting) is prescribed for you 
as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become 
Al-Muttaqun.' 28 ' 

5:88 Eat and drink what is good and halal. 

An</ eaf o/ i/ie things which Allah has provided for you, lawful and good, 
and fear Allah in whom you believe.' 182 

7:26 The best of garments is the garment of piety; 

Children of Adam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover 
yourselves (screen your private parts, etc.) and as an adornment, and the 
raiment of righteousness, that is better. Such are among the Ayat (proofs, 
evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, that they may 
remember (i.e. leave falsehood and follow truth).' 281 

4:1 Kindly uphold the bonds of kinship. 

mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, who created you from a single person 



Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 189. 
Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 183. 
Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayah 88. 
Surah AIAraf(7), ayah 26. 



Page I 434 



( Adam), and from him ( Adam) He created his wife [ awwd (Eve)], and 
from them both He created many men and women and fear Allah through 
whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the 
wombs (kinship). Surely, Allah is ever an All Watcher over you.' 2 " 4 

9:107-1 10 Establish places of worship on the basis of piety and not in order to 

undo the unity of the community. 

And as for those who put up a mosque by way of harming and disbelief, and 
to disunite the believers, and as an outpost for those who warred against 
Allah and His Messenger (Mu ammad M) aforetime, they will indeed swear 
that their intention is nothing but good. Allah bears witness that they are 
certainly liars. 

Never stand you therein. Verily, the mosque whose foundation was laid 
from the first day on piety is more worthy that you stand therein (to pray). In 
it are men who love to clean and to purify themselves. And Allah loves those 
who make themselves clean and pure (i.e. who clean their private parts with 
dust [i.e. to be considered as soap) and water from urine and stools, after 
answering the call of nature]. 

Is it then he, who laid the foundation of his building on piety to Allah and 
His good pleasure, better, or he who laid the foundation of his building on 
an undetermined brink of a precipice ready to crumble down, so that it 
crumbled to pieces with him into the fire of Hell. And Allah guides not the 
people who are the dlimun (cruel, violent, proud, polytheist and 
wrong-doer). 

The building which they built will never cease to be a cause of hypocrisy 
and doubt in their hearts, unless their hearts are cut to pieces, (i.e. till they 
die). And Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.' 2 " 

17:79-80 Do not forget to implement night prayer (tahajjud - J -?^. 



Surah Al Nisa (4), ayah 1. 
s Surah Al Taubah (9), ayat 107-1 10. 



Page | 435 



■ ^ -J cxi J J-*-Hj ii~h° jr>* eff^^'j <3-^ i_p- J -' i^r- 3 ' 



An</ m some part.v o/ rfie m'gfo (a/.vo) o^er the alat (prayer) with it (i.e. 
recite the Qur an in the prayer), as an additional prayer (Tahajjud optional 
prayer Nawafil) for you (O Mu ammad M). It may be that your Lord will 
raise you to Maqaman Ma muda (a station of praise and glory, i.e. the 
highest degree in Paradise!). 

And say (O Mu ammad 0): My Lord! Let my entry (to the city of 
Al-Madinah) be good, and likewise my exit (from the city of Makkah) be 
good. And grant me from You an authority to help me (or a firm sign or a 
proof).' 286 

64:16-17 So keep your duty to Allah and fear Him as much as you can; 

listen and obey; . . . 

rz-C* (3 %i , • r° ) \ ^~* "J& )[ L^ - ^" j-fljij I) I a*Jfl It I &Jt_e~*u It £ «U" * I La *d) I I *jLj 19 

;t; j»J^ jjSCi *ilj 1SCJ 

So &eep yowr duty to Allah and fear Him as much as you can; listen and 
obey; and spend in charity, that is better for yourselves, and whosoever is 
saved from his own covetousness, then they are the successful ones. 
If you lend to Allah a goodly loan (i.e. spend in Allah's Cause) He will 
double it for you, and will forgive you. And Allah is most ready to 
appreciate and to reward, Most forbearing,..' 2 " 

3:133-136 People who are pious always perform good deeds as well as distance 

25:63-73 themselves from that which is prohibited, for themselves and others. 

cj-lpI ^j^'j cj'y*-Z}\ t^v^ J^j %^=".'j erf ?-&** sli! 'j^j^j * 

And march forth in the way (which leads to) forgiveness from your Lord, 
and for Paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for 



' Surah Al Isra (17), ayat 79-80. 

' Surah Al Taghlbun (64), ayat 16-17. 



Page I 436 



Al-Muttaqiln. 

Those who spend [in Allah's Cause - deeds of charity, alms, etc.] in 

prosperity and in adversity, who repress anger, and who pardon men; 

Verily, Allah loves Al-Mu sinun (the good doers). 

And those who, when they have committed Fa ishah (illegal sexual 

intercourse etc.) or wronged themselves with evil, remember Allah and ask 

forgiveness for their sins; - and none can forgive sins but Allah - and do not 

persist in what (wrong) they have done, while they know. 

For such, the reward is forgiveness from their Lord, and gardens with 

rivers flowing underneath (Paradise), wherein they shall abide forever. 

How excellent is this reward for the doers (who do righteous deeds 

according to Allah's Orders).' 281 

]ji\i ^_jjLp^}\ «^Ileb- lijj b}i (j^jMl Ji OjilJ ^jiAll j^>-jP' i fej 

-J OV^-l ^_L^-"^'J (("-: I 1 '^ q j I Jj>e_*v 1" t'.V ^_VJ3-^^. -• trri-XJ U ! ,C^3) I 1 ' I ' " 

LaLLaj IjpL"-^ OJsLl l^jl i;'"^: La\j£- Qb l_£jl j_p ^-_j I i^-?- Ol J-P lip t_Sys^> I 

(Jf^ Uljjj ^\V\ ^j_js>. qU==»j Ijj^-S-j Ljj '^j-~^ fl-J Ijj o o"'l I^J O^-r^'j CS^ 
(jiJt; "Jl Si i^i- jjl J~Illl OjEij "b/j Jf^-'J 4^! ^ /<-° ^Ij^-^ "^ Oi~J'j 
j n'ls II j»jj i_jlj_«Jl 4] ' - 1 " ,^; (;'~J: Uijl (jL ^lAJ'i [J-*-fiJ ,j-«j -~~1_J>L^ "^3 
JjiL _2lLlljli ISUi^j "^llp J^s-pj ^^Tj* lij Olj ^ "^1 J'|J blf« ^4-s alij 

ij^ jiilb i_jj^ lilj 3_jjJl ^jjlglj "il ^ly.JJIj !jfj tjli^ ail J I -Ljj^j 
\j\lls-j 1_L^> Lg-lp Ijjjsi-" jU Ji-gJj o-yli \jj==i lil ^j^.jllj ifij "' 



And ?/ie .staves of the Most Beneficent (Allah) are those who walk on the 

earth in humility and sedateness, and when the foolish address them (with 

bad words) they reply back with mild words of gentleness. 

And those who spend the night before their Lord, prostrate and standing. 

And those who say: "Our Lord! avert from us the torment of Hell. Verily! its 

torment is ever an inseparable, permanent punishment. " 

Evil indeed it (Hell) is as an abode and as a place to dwell. 

And those, who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor niggardly, 

but hold a medium (way) between those (extremes). 

And those who invoke not any other Hah (God) along with Allah, nor kill 

such life as Allah has forbidden, except for just cause, nor commit illegal 

sexual intercourse and whoever does this shall receive the punishment. 

The torment will be doubled to him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will 



'' Surah Al Imran (3), ayat 133-136. 

Page | 437 



abide therein in disgrace; 

Except those who repent and believe (in Islamic Monotheism), and do 

righteous deeds, for those, Allah will change their sins into good deeds, and 

Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 

And whosoever repents and does righteous good deeds, then verily, he 

repents towards Allah with true repentance. 

And those who do not witness falsehood, and if they pass by some evil play 

or evil talk, they pass by it with dignity. 

And those who, when they are reminded of the Ayat (proofs, evidences, 

verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord, fall not deaf and blind 

thereat. 12 " 1 ' 

The Promise of Allah towards the Muttaqin on earth 

65:2-3 Allah will facilitate the way out from various difficulties; 

7:96 bestow blessings which did they did not suspect existed before they 

10:62-64 came; shower His blessings from the heavens and the earth; they do 

8:29 not feel afraid and likewise do not feel sad in their hearts; they are 

2 : 1 03 granted Furqan (cP J 3 - criterion) to judge between right and wrong; 

16:30-32 their sins and faults are nullified. 

JjLC- iS'$Z Ij-i-p^lj h^Jj*-*-! CX^J^J^ j' V^Jj*-H A-fc^-^tJ l >fL?~' r/*^ '^ 

$ J* 'S& o"i ^~M' "3 i^ Cri ^JX5 %■'}*■ J i) J*i"'^' J^ Cr°i 
J?J ijli !( ^i, <JxJ *i)l J*i- li <-ej*\ *_Lj aXj I oj ~jt-jS- '^p 

Then when they are about to fulfil their term appointed, either take them 
back in a good manner or part with them in a good manner. And take for 
witness two just persons from among you (Muslims), and establish the 
witness for Allah. That will be an admonition given to him who believes in 
Allah and the Last Day. And whosoever fears Allh and keeps his duty to 
Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). 
And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And 
whosoever puts his trust in Allah, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allah will 
accomplish His purpose. Indeed Allah has set a measure for all things.' 2 ' 

jjSyJj (jiO^'j ft-s-Dl lj* <~-^> J. f-p-^ UiliJ \'ysu\$ \y^\'t lsj^\ Jil Ol >lj 

(GO 0*r~^N: ' 5* ' *~ — ' '-*-? * (V' 1 -^ Ls I *J -& 

And if the people of the towns had believed and had the Taqwa (piety), 
certainly, We should have opened for them blessings from the heaven and 



' Surah Al Furqan (25), ayat 63-73. 
1 Surah Al Talaq (65), ayat 2-3. 



Page I 438 



the earth, but they belied (the Messengers). So We took them (with 
punishment) for what they used to earn (polytheism and crimes, etc.).' 2 " 

Wo doubt! Verily, the Auliyd' of Allah [i.e. those who believe in the Oneness 
of Allah and fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds 
which He has forbidden), and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good 
deeds which He has ordained)], no fear shall come upon them nor shall 
they grieve , - 

Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism), and 
used to fear Allah much (by abstaining from evil deeds and sins and by 
doing righteous deeds). 

For them are glad tidings, in the life of the present world (i.e. righteous 
dream seen by the person himself or shown to others), and in the Hereafter. 
No change can there be in the Words of Allah, this is indeed the supreme 
success.' 2 ' 2 

'jijuj iSilill. *, lL ^ixi- 'jjSiij b\i'ji IxJ Jj^JjI \jisj o! Iji-ilJ ^£_jiJJI l4_Uj 

O you who believe! If you obey and fear Allah, He will grant you Furqdn a 
criterion [(to judge between right and wrong), or (Makhraj, i.e. making a 
way for you to get out from every difficulty)], and will expiate for you your 
sins, and forgive you, and Allah is the Owner of the Great Bounty.' 2 " 

And if they had believed, and guarded themselves from evil and kept their 
duty to Allah, far better would have been the reward from their Lord, if they 
but knew!' 294 

L3.UI ojii j \y~L>-\ ^jiilJ \jj>- IjJLi iSij Jjjl lili \yu\ JjjJJJ JJj * 
< ■'.''- • - ' <. - a'- , ■ - ■ S> . .'&,,'.,'*»,,, 



1 Surah AlA'raf(7), ayah 96. 
! Surah YQnus (10), ayat 62-64. 
' Surah Al Anfal (8), ayah 29. 
1 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 103. 



Page I 439 



And (when) it is said to those who are the Muttaqun "What is it that your 
Lord has sent down?" they say: "That which is good. " For those who do 
good in this world, there is good, and the home of the Hereafter will be 
better. And excellent indeed will be the home (i.e. Paradise) of the 
Muttaqun. 

Adn (Eden) Paradise (Gardens of Eternity) which they will enter, under 
which rivers flow, they will have therein all that they wish. Thus Allah 
rewards the Muttaqun. 

Those whose lives the angels take while they are in a pious state (i.e. pure 
from all evil, and worshipping none but Allah Alone) saying (to them): 
Salamun Alaikum (peace be on you) enter you Paradise, because of (the 
good) which you used to do (in the world). " I!91 

Besides these there are still further blessings later in the Hereafter as 
recompense for their own piety. 

Recompense for the Pious people in the Hereafter 



54:54-55 

Verily, the Muttaqun (pious), will be in the midst of gardens and rivers 

(Paradise). 

In a seat of truth (i.e. Paradise), near the omnipotent king (Allah, the 

All-Blessed, the Most High, the Owner of Majesty and honour).' 2 " 6 

Furthermore, read (amongst others) the following ayat: 

3:14-15 

<0J|j LpaJI lyj*}\ *±^i -~QJ':> cj^>JIJ ^uo'b/lj S_aj-L«Jl J-jkJlj S_^a_aJlj 

^j_ji ^LJ'y-^JJ °j4^ jr'jj'j 4«? (S-r^ j-&^ Hi^- cr! ^J^ ^^r J-&J 

Beautified for men is the love of things they covet; women, children, much 
of gold and silver (wealth), branded beautiful horses, cattle and well-tilled 
land. This is the pleasure of the present world's life; but Allah has the 

12,5 Surah Al Nahl (16), ayat 30-32. 
n,t Surah Al Qamar (54), ayat 54-55. 

Page | 440 



excellent return (Paradise with flowing rivers, etc.) with Him. 
Say: "Shall I Inform you of things far better than those? For Al-Muttaqun 
there are gardens (Paradise) with their Lord, underneath which rivers flow. 
Therein (is their) eternal (home) and Azwajun Mutahharatun (purified 
mates or wives) [i.e. they will have no menses, urine, or stool, etc.], and 
Allah will be pleased with them, and Allah is All-Seer of the (His) 
slaves. " ,297 

15:45-50 



J-» o)'^ O^J C|3^?--r' JJ-^" ^' U' t^^-? fir* * CD owr^*"-; ^ 

cjjjiJSn v i lilt 

"Truly! the Muttaqun (pious and righteous persons) will be amidst gardens 

and water-springs (Paradise). 

"(It will be said to them): 'Enter therein (Paradise), in peace and security. ' 

"And We shall remove from their breasts any sense of injury (that they may 

have), (so they will be like) brothers facing each other on thrones. 

"No sense of fatigue shall touch them, nor shall they (ever) be asked to 

leave it. " 

Declare (O Mu ammad M) unto My slaves, that Truly, I am the 

Oft-Forgiving, the Most-Merciful. 

And that My torment is indeed the most painful torment.' 2 "" 

19:60-63 

(JfJ U~i, Oj^l,h: S/j 4J3-I Qj]J^jJj kiLlljli IjJi^j Sf'i {f\'*5 V^ Cf *\ 

* a <, , , - . - ,' E •,— < , , ,„,-,, '■- ., «, 

"2 (jfj 4i" joJL^j of J *jj v^"-i jo:> Wf cr-^>" -^j ci" ^■ Lp s^-? - 

;t; llij of^ ^^^f o? ^J-^ 

Except those who repent and believe (in the Oneness of Allah and His 

Messenger Mu ammad M), and work righteousness. Such will enter 

Paradise and they will not be wronged in aught. 

(They will enter) Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting gardens), which the 

Most Beneficent (Allah) has promised to His slaves in the unseen: Verily! 

His Promise must come to pass. 

They shall not hear therein (in Paradise) any Laghw (dirty, false, evil vain 

talk), but only Salam (salutations of peace). And they will have therein their 

sustenance, morning and afternoon. 



' Surah Al Imran (3), ayat 14-15. 
' Surah Al Hijr (15), ayat 45-50. 



Page | 441 



Such is the Paradise which We shall give as an inheritance to those of Our 
slaves who have been Al-Muttaqun (pious and righteous persons).' 2 " 

25:63-67 

]ji\i ^<jjLp^J\ «^Il»b- lijj b}i u^jVI Ji bj-^ ^l_jiAJI (^^P' *£f 3 

LaliLaJ l^a^La CJs L- t§j] (;'*;: U [^P ^j6 L^jl J_P ^_jj ^"?~ Ol J-P UP t_£yi^> I 

ij'jj; lil^i -JDJ'i ^Jjj 0^=3 ijr-^ ^3 'Ai^-i p-I Ijiiil lij Oipd'3 Cjj 

And tfie slaves of the Most Beneficent (Allah) are those who walk on the 

earth in humility and sedateness, and when the foolish address them (with 

had words) they reply back with mild words of gentleness. 

And those who spend the night before their Lord, prostrate and standing. 

And those who say: "Our Lord! avert from us the torment of Hell. Verily! its 

torment is ever an inseparable, permanent punishment. " 

Evil indeed it (Hell) is as an abode and as a place to dwell. 

And those, who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor niggardly, 

but hold a medium (way) between those (extremes). " m 

33:35-36 

/ji*juu>j 1 • * ~ ^ . '3 Oe/z . '3 ^-^ ' ' .^* '3 cx£ . '3 

^-g^-J^S ^J_^L^liiji-lj C. . ' ft gl ,'r^ I I j ^ ft gl .fr-1 I Ij Q^ij J .,r— t " ft I I j Q*3 J ..^l" ft I I j 

1 ft. : ^ip ^'3 '^rf*-* f*-^ *^' -ls-ic/^='j]I3 Lrt^"*^' ^L-~^^~^' , "'l | j'," 4a^>Jlj 
^ sjjii ^ ojSv o 1 [/•' j^Ij— 33 *&' es^ lij J^-?3-* "^3 1^?3-°4 of ^3 C85 

Ven7)', the Muslims (those who submit to Allah In Islam) men and women, 
the believers men and women (who believe in Islamic Monotheism), the 
men and the women who are obedient (to Allah), the men and women who 
are truthful (in their speech and deeds), the men and the women who are 
patient (in performing all the duties which Allah has ordered and in 
abstaining from all that Allah has forbidden), the men and the women who 
are humble (before their Lord Allah), the men and the women who give 
adaqat (i.e. Zakdt, and alms, etc.), the men and the women who observe 
aum (fast) (the obligatory fasting during the month of Rama an, and the 
optional Nawafil fasting), the men and the women who guard their chastity 




' Surah Maryara (19), ayat 60-63. 
J Surah Al Furqan (25), ayat 63-67. 



Page | 442 



(from illegal sexual acts) and the men and the women who remember Allah 
much with their hearts and tongues (while sitting, standing, lying, etc. for 
more than 300 times extra over the remembrance of Allah during the five 
compulsory congregational prayers) or praying extra additional Nawafil 
prayers of night in the last part of night, etc.) Allah has prepared for them 
forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise). 

It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have 
decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And 
whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed in a 
plain error.' 30 ' 

39:19-20 

1^-j \^JLi\ Cf-^ O^ d5 J ^ <3 O" 4 "^ "° '■"' ^-^' i_jl i_*jl iJtJS' <ulp l j^s- (J-«J' 

Si oJk- Si ST Ipj 'j^il <+2- ^ ii'ji- %l. J/ [43'ji ^a Ci'jt li 

Is, then one against whom the word of punishment justified (equal to the one 
who avoids evil). Will you (O Mu ammad M) rescue him who is in the Fire? 
But those who fear Allah and keep their duty to their Lord (Allah), for them 
are built lofty rooms; one above another under which rivers flow (i.e. 
Paradise), (this is) the Promise of Allah: and Allah does not fail in (His) 
Promise." 02 

39:33-35 

IjLi (_£J)I 13^,1 'JfS- ii\ ytt-aJ ;g:; ji~-^JI i\ji- illl'i ^.j .L-p 

And «e (Mu ammad M) who has brought the truth (this Qur an and Islamic 

Monotheism) and (those who) believed therein (i.e. the true believers of 

Islamic Monotheism), those are Al-Muttaqun (the pious and righteous 

persons). 

They shall have all that they will desire with their Lord. That is the reward 

ofMu sinun (good-doers). 

Sa that Allah may remit from them the evil of what they did and give them 

the reward, according to the best of what they used to do.' 303 

51:15-19 



1301 Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayat 35-36. 

1302 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayat 19-20. 

1303 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayat 33-35. 

Page | 443 



Ven'/y, f/ie Muttaqun (pious) will be in the midst of gardens and springs (in 

the Paradise), 

taking joy in the things which their Lord has given them. Verily, they were 

before this Mu sinun (good-doers). 

They used to sleep but little by night [invoking their Lord (Allah) and 

praying, with fear and hope]. 

And in the hours before dawn, they were (found) asking (Allah) for 

forgiveness, 

And in their properties there was the right of the beggar, and the Ma rum 

(the poor who does not ask the others), . . "° 4 

70:19-35 



(ji- ^-A'>i y ^ji-J-iij cjj oj-v^ f-f - ^ Ji f-» oijil 1 Cj5 ojU»-»Ji Si] 

^> OiJJ'J Cjj Oj-* 1 -' jj£ ^-n3 Oloi o] C§J Oji?-^ («-rJ <— 'Ij-c- ^ 

V'eri/}', man (disbeliever) was created very impatient; 

irritable (discontented) when evil touches him; 

and niggardly when good touches him;- 

except those devoted to alat (prayers) 

those who remain constant in their alat (prayers); 

and those in whose wealth there is a known right, 

for the beggar who asks, and for the unlucky who has lost his property and 

wealth, (and his means of living has been straitened); 

and those who believe in the Day of Recompense, 

and those who fear the torment of their Lord, 

Verily! the torment of their Lord is that before which none can feel secure, 

and those who Guard their chastity (i.e. private parts from illegal sexual 

acts). 

Except with their wives and the (women slaves and captives) whom their 

right hands possess, for (then) they are not to be blamed, 



1 Surah AlDhariyat (51), ayat 15-19. 

Page | 444 



but whosoever seeks beyond that, then it is those who are trespassers. 

And those who keep their trusts and covenants; 

and those who stand firm in their testimonies; 

and those who guard their alat (prayers) well , 

such shall dwell in the Gardens (i.e. Paradise) honoured."" 



Verily, those who believe [in the Oneness of Allah, and in His Messenger 
Mu ammad (M)) including all obligations ordered by Islam] and do 
righteous good deeds, they are the best of creatures. 

Their reward with their Lord is 'Adn (Eden) Paradise (Gardens of 
Eternity), underneath which rivers flow, they will abide therein forever, 
Allah well-pleased with them, and they with Him. That is for him who fears 
his Lord."" 6 



Munafiqln o^ 1 -" 



The morphological origin of munafiq derives from the word nafaqa (l3^) 
meaning to express or utter something, which is contrary to that which is in the heart. 
However, according to Islamic jurisdiction (Aajjjill - Ash Shan'ah). munafiq means a 

person who expresses or utters words signifying faith whereas 'his' heart is kafir (J 3 ^) - 
unbelieving. 

Various characteristics of a Munafiq 

Their convictions are neither clear nor constant: 

4:142 
57:14 

Verily, the Munafiqln (hypocrites) seek to deceive Allah, but it is He who 
deceives them. And when they stand up for A - alat (the prayer), they stand 
with laziness and to be seen of men, and they do not remember Allah but 

1305 Surah Al Ma'arij (70), ayat 19-35. 

1306 Surah Al Baiyinah (98), ayat 7-8. 

Page I 445 



little." 07 

-l^+O'j f-^tyj *^--iil JiiiiS ^SCixJj Jj l_jJli iSC** ^jSo 1JI i^j^lij 

(7/ie hypocrites) will call the believers: "Were we not with you?" The 
believers will reply: "Yes! but you led yourselves into temptations, you 
looked forward for our destruction; you doubted (in faith); and you were 
deceived by false desires, till the command of Allah came to pass. And the 
chief deceiver (Satan) deceived you in respect of Allah. """" 

They cannot be believed at all: 

9:75-79 
59:11-12 

ffj i_jjJJi JLdp ail ^_j!j jl^v^oj >"-*/*? f^-i *&' J- j i Ij-«Ijij Ji-ll fij 

And o/ fnem are some w«o mai<« a covenant with Allah (saying): "If He 
bestowed on us of His Bounty, we will verily, give adaqah (Zakat and 
voluntary charity in Allah 's Cause) and will be certainly among those who 
are righteous. " 

Then when He gave them of His Bounty, they became niggardly [refused to 
pay the adaqah (Zakat or voluntary charity)], and turned away, averse. 
So He punished them by putting hypocrisy into their hearts till the day 
whereon they shall meet Him, because they broke that (covenant with 
Allah) which they had promised Him and because they used to tell lies. 
Know they not that Allah knows their secret ideas, and their Najwa (secret 
counsels), and that Allah is the All-Knower of the unseen. 
Tao 'e who defame such of the believers who give charity (in Allah 's Cause) 
voluntarily, and those who could not find to give charity (in Allah 's Cause) 
except what is available to them, so they mock at them (believers), Allah 
will throw back their mockery on them, and they shall have a painful 
torment. ""' 



l30 ' Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 142. 

1308 Surah Al HadTd (57), ayah 14. 

1309 Surah Al Taubah (9), ayat 75-79. 



Page | 446 



2 ^-j-v* 1 ^ "^ ->-* y-p"^' ^j_JjiJ ^jl/^ 11 cjv'j 

Have yo« (O Mm ammad M) not observed the hypocrites who say to their 
friends among the people of the Scripture who disbelieve: "(By Allay) if 
You are expelled, we (too) indeed will go out with you, and we shall never 
obey any one against you, and if you are attacked (in fight), we shall indeed 
help you. " But Allah is witness, that they verily, are liars. 
Surely, if they (the Jews) are expelled, never will they (hypocrites) go out 
with them, and if they are attacked, they will never help them. And if they do 
help them, they (hypocrites) will turn their backs, so they will not be 
victorious."" 

Their words are false and deceitful: 

2:8-10 

24:47-50 

^■j ap JS£~ f(~^.J CYyut J-«J *-& La J J»- 2 I J^CS UJ *iU U U_a 1 1 \J3^i ' r° i T" l'T*3 

And of mankind, there are some (hypocrites) who say: "We believe in Allah 

and the Last Day " while in fact they believe not. 

They (think to) deceive Allah and those who believe, while they only deceive 

themselves, and perceive (it) not! 

In their hearts is a disease (of doubt and hypocrisy) and Allah has 

increased their disease. A painful torment is theirs because they used to tell 

lies."" 

l_«j *S\j ] z Jjtj -f* <*&* C^iP t_>J^ -**-* L-*klj jjj^yljj fiCbu bwalp ^^vjv^^ij 

r/iey (hypocrites) say: "We have believed in Allah and in the Messenger 
(Mu ammad M), and we obey, " then a party of them turn away thereafter, 



' Surah Al Hashr (59), ayat 11-12. 
1 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 8-10. 



Page | 447 



such are not believers. 

And when they are called to Allah (i.e. His words, the Qur an) and His 

Messenger (0), to judge between them, Lo! a party of them refuse (to come) 

and turn away. 

But if the right is with them, they come to Him willingly with submission. 

Is there a disease in their hearts? Or do they doubt or fear lest Allah and 

His Messenger (0) should wrong them in judgement. Nay, it is they 

themselves who are the dlimun (polytheists, hypocrites and wrong-doers, 

etc.).' 1 ' 2 

Their oaths and agreements are not met: 

4:60-63 
9:62-66 
9:74 
63:1-3 



. , , , - . i~, -,•<,- 1-* ■ r, f* . >>,- ,, .*•--- -i 

OjJ-iji lillli q* Jjil Uj lilJI Jjll Ul \yjt\'e 1_£>I Q^S-ji ^J,)i\ J! jJ \i\ 

Jt5a';.lli£jlj Jj_»^Jl Jlj *il Jjil Ci Jj IjJLi; 1-i Jj lilj (JsJ) '-^H ^li*> 

,'. J • , *' , T», j ,, , i-; , -y_ ; , , ^ , | , , 

Ij L^j^jl O-^-l-S L*J ** , .. .^ '« ^ g"y .,£>! lilc_L5v5 i;^ \2jJ-vZ) * I- C QjJ_^3_> 

Si liy ^^jiJJi i-ijjJji els lMjjj li-^-i "Si! Tiiji o! *^L> byik- Iljfi?- 

//ave yow .seen i/io.ve (hyprocrites) who claim that they believe in that which 

has been sent down to you, and that which was sent down before you, and 

they wish to go for judgement (in their disputes) to the -<aghut (false judges, 

etc.) while they have been ordered to reject them. But Shai an (Satan) 

wishes to lead them far astray. 

And when it is said to them: "Come to what Allah has sent down and to the 

Messenger (Mu ammad 0), " you (Mu ammad 0) see the hypocrites turn 

away from you (Mu ammad 0) with aversion. 

How then, when a catastrophe befalls them because of what their hands 

have sent forth, they come to you swearing by Allah, "We meant no more 

than goodwill and conciliation! " 

They (hypocrites) are those of whom Allah knows what is in their hearts; so 

turn aside from them (do not punish them) but admonish them, and speak to 

them an effective word (i.e. to believe in Allah, worship Him, obey Him, and 

be afraid of Him) to reach their innerselves.'" 1 



iK> 



(jj aj^>^j (jl v " y >~\ ja]j~«jj *^'J p ^^y^J^, t*^ ^U ^_Jj J ^-^ r 



7 Surah Al Nur (24), ayat 47-50. 
3 Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayat 60-63. 



Page | 448 



Majlis O j_*j *5s^ d_ijUs ^P <_ajO ^1 J»5*1l«_)I J_*j i^" -^ Ijj-UjO ^ 






77ie;y swear by Allah to you (Muslims) in order to please you, but it is more 
fitting that they should please Allah and His Messenger (Mu ammad M), if 
they are believers. 

Know they not that whoever opposes and shows hostility to Allah (M) and 
His Messenger (0), certainly for him will be the Fire of Hell to abide 
therein, that is extreme disgrace. 

The Munafiqun (hypocrites) fear lest a Surah (chapter of the Qur an) 
should be revealed about them, showing them what is in their hearts. Say: 
"(Go ahead and) mock! But certainly Allah will bring to light all that you 
fear. " 

If you ask them (about this), they declare: "We were only talking idly and 
joking. " Say: "Was it at Allah (M), and His Aydt (proofs, evidences, verses, 
lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and His Messenger (M) that you were 
mocking?" 

Make no excuse; you have disbelieved after you had believed. If We pardon 
some of you, We will punish others amongst you because they were 
Mujrimun (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, criminals, etc.).' 1 " 



U-; l_«_L»j ^iLoJ-iJ aij Ijij a ^-=j y&S I i^JS" \ji\i JlLIj IjJLs li 4JJL> ^_jjji£-~ 

\j*p- <±h \y.yi OU - A * 9 ,v? >Ay*J5 <0Jl i g ! ' c- 1 Q\ ^1 Ij r, 0'' Lsj l^jju_) JaJ 

They swear by Allah that they said nothing (bad), but really they said the 
word of disbelief, and they disbelieved after accepting Islam, and they 
resolved that (plot to murder Prophet Mu ammad M) which they were 
unable to carry out, and they could not find any cause to do so except that 
Allah and His Messenger had enriched them of His Bounty. If then they 
repent, it will be better for them, but if they turn away, Allah will punish 
them with a painful torment in this worldly life and in the Hereafter. And 
there is none for them on earth as a Wally (supporter, protector) or a 
helper."" 



" 4 Surah Al Taubah (9), ayat 62-66. 
" ! Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 74. 



Page | 449 



*illj j-jj_^J lib] jju -UJlj Jil Jj— ^J lib] Jt^iu IjJli ,Jj5«'t oil iJili- lij 

E , , x a , ,,(.>£* , - - ,•-«.., 

Wften rfie Munafiqun (hypocrites) come to you (O Mu ammad M), they say: 

"We bear witness that you are indeed the Messenger of Allah. " Allah 

knows that you are indeed His Messenger and Allah hears witness that the 

Munafiqln (hypocrites) are liars indeed. 

They have made their oaths a screen (for their hypocrisy). Thus they hinder 

(men) from the Path of Allah. Verily, evil is what they used to do. 

That is because they believed, then disbelieved, therefore their hearts are 

sealed, so they understand not.' 1 " 

Their acts of worship are merely riya' («yj - eyeservice): 

8:49 
4:142 

j|) JL4=^ j^ '-Sit ^\i &\ J* 

When the Munafiqun (hypocrites) and those in whose hearts was a disease 
(of disbelief) said: "These people (Muslims) are deceived by their Deen 
(religion). " But whoever puts his trust in Allah, then surely, Allah is 
All-Mighty, All-Wise.' 1 ' 7 

gj ^yi ■$] '-Sit <_jif^. % j-iliT ojiTjJ 

Verify, //je Munafiqln (hypocrites) seek to deceive Allah, but it is He who 
deceives them. And when they stand up for A - alat (the prayer), they stand 
with laziness and to be seen of men, and they do not remember Allah but 
little.'" 8 

They like to associate with people who are hostile to Islam: 

4:140-145 



1316 Surah Munafiqun (63), ayat 1-3. 

1317 Surah Al Anfil (8), a, ayah 49. 

1318 Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 142. 

Page | 450 



IjJLs .oil ^ jJi ^SCl olfojj pSv bj-^H^J Oi,-^ 1 CIS ^^ Af?" 4 Oi#^J'J 

Ji ^' iil'i b« oh^^ C|3 ^ "^l '^' ^L>if^. % Cr^ vj^s- lI 1 -^ 



A«d if has already been revealed to you in the Book (this Qur an) that when 

you hear the Verses of Allah being denied and mocked at, then sit not with 

them, until they engage in a talk other than that; (but if you stayed with 

them) certainly in that case you would be like them. Surely, Allah will 

collect the Mundfiqln (hypocrites) and disbelievers all together in Hell, 

Those (hyprocrites) who wait and watch about you; if you gain a victory 

from Allah, they say: "Were we not with you, " but if the disbelievers gain a 

success, they say (to them): "Did we not gain mastery over you and did we 

not protect you from the believers? " Allah will judge between you (all) on 

the Day of Resurrection. And never will Allah grant to the disbelievers a 

way (to triumph) over the believers. 

Verily, the Munafiqm (hypocrites) seek to deceive Allah, but it is He who 

deceives them. And when they stand up for A - aldt (the prayer), they stand 

with laziness and to be seen of men, and they do not remember Allah but 

little. 

(They are) swaying between this and that, belonging neither to these nor to 

those, and he whom Allah sends astray, you will not find for him a way (to 

the Truth - Islam). 

O you who believe! Take not for Auliyd" (protectors or helpers or friends) 

disbelievers instead of believers. Do you wish to offer Allah a manifest 

proof against yourselves? 

Verily, the Munafiqm (hyprocrites) will be in the lowest depths (grade) of 

the fire; no helper will you find for them." 19 

They are always distrustful of the activities of Islam: 



'SurahAlNisa'(4), ayat 140-145. 

Page | 451 



9:63 

63:4 



A"now fney nof fnaf whoever opposes and shows hostility to Allah (M) and 
His Messenger (0), certainly for him will be the Fire of Hell to abide 
therein. That is extreme disgrace. 



Anrf wften you fooA: af fcm, fnei'r bodies please you; and when they speak, 
you listen to their words. They are as blocks of wood propped up. They think 
that every cry is against them. They are the enemies, so beware of them. 
May Allah Curse them! How are they denying (or deviating from) the Right 
Path. 

They like to cause damage/mischief: 

2:11-12 
2:204-206 

5:33 



!►> ji-^J ^1 iifj; ^^p*!*" ^i 111] IjJ 13^3^1 ,j I_j-L~jL; S> ^g- 1 JJ li]j 

And wnen if j's saz'd to rfiem; "Make not mischief on the earth, " they say: 

"We are Only peacemakers. " 

Verily! they are the ones who make mischief, but they perceive not.' 32 ' 

jjl jAj ^^-^ (j *-* <^ - 1 -€-^i 1~>-Ul 3^>Jl (j ->4]j^ ^-V?^ rV ij" - Jrf3 

CS5 :il 4?- 11 J-^j 



And o/ mankind there is he whose speech may please you (O Mu ammad 
M), in this worldly life, and he calls Allah to witness as to that which is in his 
heart, yet he is the most quarrelsome of the opponents. 
And when he turns away (from you "O Mu ammad M"), his effort in the 
land is to make mischief therein and to destroy the crops and the cattle, and 



1 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 11-12. 

Page | 452 



Allah likes not mischief. 

And when it is said to him, "Fear Allah ", he is led by arrogance to (more) 

crime. So enough for him is Hell, and worst indeed is that place to rest!" 2 ' 

77ie recompense of those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger 
and do mischief in the land is only that they shall be killed or crucified or 
their hands and their feet be cut off on the opposite sides, or be exiled from 
the land. That is their disgrace in this world, and a great torment is theirs in 
the Hereafter. " n 

Unwilling to perform jihad, wage war, give da'wah: 

9:86-87 
4:72-73 



Jjil bj} 



_ J, . = _, ^ J,- Jtjt 

And when a Surah (chapter from the Qur an) is revealed, enjoining them to 
believe in Allah and to strive hard and fight along with His Messenger, the 
wealthy among them ask your leave to exempt them (from Jihad) and say, 
"Leave us (behind), we would be with those who sit (at home). " 
They are content to be with those (the women) who sit behind (at home). 
Their hearts are sealed up (from all kinds of goodness and right guidance), 
so they understand not.' 323 

(JgJ U_^p \j'ji jyli ^«j ^l-£ ^-^-i 

There is certainly among you he who would linger behind (from fighting in 
Allah 's Cause). If a misfortune befalls you, he says, "Indeed Allah has 
favoured me in that I was not present among them. " 

But if a bounty (victory and booty) comes to you from Allah, he would 
surely say - as if there had never been ties of affection between you and him 
- "Oh! I wish I had been with them; then I would have achieved a great 



1321 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 204-206. 

1322 Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayah 33. 

1323 Surah Al Taubah (9), ayat 86-87. 

Page | 453 



success ( a good share of booty). """ 

They are more fearful of 'mankind' than of Allah: 

59:11-14 

qJ y^SCll Jil lf> '\jjJ& oiJJI JLjJj'Jj-"^ 0>l>ij Ij-aJlS ^y.JJI Jl^p «JI * 

r- 

Have yo« (O Mm ammad M) not observed the hypocrites who say to their 

friends among the people of the Scripture who disbelieve: "(By Allah) if you 

are expelled, we (too) indeed will go out with you, and we shall never obey 

any one against you, and if you are attacked (in fight), we shall indeed help 

you. " But Allah is witness, that they verily, are liars. 

Surely, if they (the Jews) are expelled, never will they (hypocrites) go out 

with them, and if they are attacked, they will never help them. And if they do 

help them, they (hypocrites) will turn their backs, so they will not be 

victorious. 

Verily, you (believers in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) are 

more awful as a fear in their (Jews ofBanlAn Nadir) breasts than Allah. 

That is because they are a people who comprehend not (the Majesty and 

Power of Allah). 

They fight not against you even together, except in fortified townships, or 

from behind walls. Their enmity among themselves is very great. You would 

think they were united, but their hearts are divided, that is because they are 

a people who understand not."" 

They dislike judging by Al Quran! 

59:15-17 



1324 Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayat 72-73. 

1325 Surah Al Haste (59), ayat 11-14. 

Page | 454 



77jey are like their immediate predecessors (the Jews of Bam Qainuqd", 

who suffered), they tasted the evil result of their conduct, and (in the 

Hereafter, there is) for them a painful torment ;- 

(their allies deceived them) like Shai an (Satan), when he says to man: 

"Disbelieve in Allah. " But when (man) disbelieves in Allah, Shai an 

(Satan) says: "I am free of you, I fear Allah, the Lord of the Alamin 

(mankind, jinns and all that exists)! " 

So the end of both will be that they will be in the Fire, abiding therein. Such 

is the recompense of the alimun (i.e. polytheists, wrong-doers, 

disbelievers in Allah and in His Oneness, etc.).""' 

They seek personal profit: 

4:141 

of olj *£j" J>^> jA\ Ij-ILs All I £ja Txli 1SJ q'S' q[$ 15o ijj^ajjo QiJ]\ 

77io.se (hyprocrites) who wait and watch about you; if you gain a victory 
from Allah, they say: "Were we not with you, " but if the disbelievers gain a 
success, they say (to them): "Did we not gain mastery over you and did we 
not protect you from the believers?" Allah will judge between you (all) on 
the Day of Resurrection. And never will Allah grant to the disbelievers a 
way (to triumph) over the believers." 27 

Parables of individual Munafiqln 

2:1 7-20 The Munafiqln are like people who censure a lamp but do not light 

it; they are reminiscent of the deaf, dumb, and blind or like a 
rainstorm with darkness, thunder, and lightning; or like blocks of 

63:4 wood propped up, thinking every cry is against them; they are fools 

2:11-13 and only deceive themselves. 

j Jj>- J^P j yga 1 1 ^? -^. I ^ I p 7J Aa^Ly=> I 0>' JtJ ^ r <3^J -*-P j3 C^Wui 4^3 s L«JD I 



1326 Surah Al Haste (59), ayat 15-17. 
n2 ' Surah AINisa' (4), ayah 141. 



Page I 455 



77ieir likeness is as the likeness of one who kindled a fire; then, when it 

lighted all around him, Allah took away their light and left them in 

darkness. (So) they could not see. 

They are deaf dumb, and blind, so they return not (to the right path). 

Or like a rainstorm from the sky, wherein is darkness, thunder, and 

lightning. They thrust their fingers in their ears to keep out the stunning 

thunderclap for fear of death. But Allah ever encompasses the disbelievers 

(i.e. Allah will gather them all together). 

The lightning almost snatches away their sight, whenever it flashes for 

them, they walk therein, and when darkness covers them, they stand still. 

And if Allah willed, He could have taken away their hearing and their sight. 

Certainly, Allah has power over all things." 2 " 

i$.IT j^AjiJ *-«-~i ijJjij o!3 *4 J '~^?"' ^—^ '*-friX) 'i]3 * 



... o. 

And when you look at them, their bodies please you; and when they speak, 
you listen to their words. They are as blocks of wood propped up. They think 
that every cry is against them. They are the enemies, so beware of them. 
May Allah curse them! How are they denying (or deviating from) the right 
path.' 129 

jU p_£>j ^'i j|j ^^ii^j ys- Ujj ijjj jo'ji\ ,j iji^jj ^ 141 J*? liji 

And wnen if is said to them: "Make not mischief on the earth, " they say: 

"We are only peacemakers. " 

Verily! they are the ones who make mischief, but they perceive not. 

And when it is said to them (hypocrites): "Believe as the people (followers 

of Mu ammad M, Al-An ar and Al-Muhajirun) have believed," they say: 

"Shall we believe as the fools have believed? " Verily, they are the fools, but 

they know not." 10 

The Method by which to face the Munafiqln 

33:48 Do not pay attention to their interference; 



1328 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 17-20. 

1329 Surah Al Munafiqun (63), ayah 4. 

1330 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 1 1-13. 



Page I 456 



">L4=j aULj JiSj 4)1 Jp U-^JJJ p-S^ 1 ^jSj Oi ««'^ »llj Oi/^J' £^ "fe 



And oftey not fne disbelievers and the Mundfiqin (hypocrites), and harm 
them not (till you are ordered). And put your trust in Allah, and sufficient is 
Allah as a Wakil (trustee, or disposer of affairs).' 11 ' 

63:4 Need to be on guard and put ones trust in Allah; 

SUj—i liUSj- ^ff f^J*J *-«-~i IjJjij 0!j p-fr«'-~-H kit-><JJ ^-S^jlj lijj * 

OjSoJj ij 1 ikljLglLi AjJi-lijillly. p-jip J>^ Up bj~^-" 

And wnen you fc>o£ at tftem, their bodies please you; and when they speak, 
you listen to their words. They are as blocks of wood propped up. They think 
that every cry is against them. They are the enemies, so beware of them. 
May Allah curse them! How are they denying (or deviating from) the right 
path.' 112 

4:140 Be wary of any of their discussions; 

ijS ^^ j*4?- 4 bi/^J 'J 

And ;Y na.s already been revealed to you in the Book (this Qur an) that when 
you hear the Verses of Allah being denied and mocked at, then sit not with 
them, until they engage in a talk other than that; (but if you stayed with 
them) certainly in that case you would be like them. Surely, Allah will 
collect the Mundfiqin (hypocrites) and disbelievers all together in Hell,.. 1111 

33:17 Bring to their attention the laws of Allah, in order that they return to 

4:137-139 the Right Path, the Path bestowed with blessings from Allah; 

o_jjl£- H) <i~j'jij i\j\ ji Ky~ 'JZj i\j\ 0! *>*l l?i j£~°~>?^t <_? jJ 1 li cf Ifi 

Say: "Who is he who can protect you from Allah if He intends to harm you, 
or intends mercy on you ? " And they will not find, besides Allah, for 
themselves any Waliy (protector, supporter, etc.) or any helper. 1114 



1 Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayah 48. 
- Surah Al Munafiqun (63), ayah 4. 
' Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 140. 
1 Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayah 17. 



Page I 457 



O^ 1 ©5 *-*4' ^'-^ ^ oU oi " a ' ?''' ■ ^ _r¥. Ci^ ^W« prj^tsj V3 ^ 

Verily, those who believe, then disbelieve, then believe (again), and (again) 

disbelieve, and go on increasing in disbelief; Allah will not forgive them, 

nor guide them on the (right) way. 

Give to the Munaflqin (hypocrites) the tidings that there is for them a 

painful torment. 

Those who take disbelievers for Auliyd" (protectors or helpers or friends) 

instead of believers, do they seek honour, power and glory with them? 

Verily, then to Allah belongs all honour, power and glory. "" 



9:73 Be of upright posture towards them, and if necessary wage war upon 

66:9 them and for that reason it is necessary to support and give credence 

4:88 to unity amongst the Mu'minln; fight them by utilizing the 

4:90-91 conditions as outlined in Surah An Nisa (4), ayat 90-91. 

J~ljj JlLg->- i-jijKj p-^ic JaJfclj Oi* j«'iJ lj j U4ra JI +&>■ Js^-ll t£tlj 

O Prophet (Mu ammad M)! Strive hard against the disbelievers and the 
Munaflqin (hypocrites), and be harsh against them, their abode is Hell, - 
and worst indeed is that destination. "" 

J~i>j JLl$j- jL$ijLij 'p-p-z -lilt I j o i"J""^ i jLa-^J 1 ■M^r ^-H ^-Pi 

O Prophet (Mu ammad 0)! Strive hard against the disbelievers and the 
Munaflqin (hypocrites), and be severe against them, their abode will be 
Hell, and worst indeed is that destination." 17 

J^il q* lj»i-£J 0' Oj-H/' \~y~£ '-h f4™0' *"'j 01^4 Q l» j'" 'I (j^l L»a * 

fcgj M_~l j*J jl£ ^ 41)1 JJLiJ ^j il)1 

77ien what is the matter with you that you are divided into two parties about 
the Munaflqin (hypocrites) ? Allah has cast them back (to disbelief) because 
of what they have earned. Do you want to guide him whom Allah has made 
to go astray? And he whom Allah has made to go astray, you will never find 



1335 Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayat 137-139. 

1336 Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 73. 

1337 Surah Al TahrTm (66), ayah 9. 



Page I 458 



for him any way (of guidance).' 1 " 1 

0' j«-*jjJ-i» ^- > j^ > - 'f^i'^r j' iy~r! f-r^HJ p-^H ■*'£ <Jl 0^9-i oyJ' "*! 

\£y>j*S-\ q[$ iSjl^' pi* ^yl& 'i gjaj -I *UJl sLi jjj }r-$-°J$ Ijk' Oj jl iSjh'O.; 

oj-i^Il ij?j ^l_-- «^ ^ *foi J*?- 1-»* (iliJi (»sy! ij-sJij ^jV^- j*^ 
o!i tpi ij-43 1 5^f" J! Ls^j t* <_£" j«-*- , j i 'j^^j ^V-^Lj o' oj-Mjj 04^"'* 

i('"^: U_L;_a LjjaLui ^-pi^ *-5s-l LJjt>- *50J 3 \\ *-& j i " J 

Except those who join a group, between you and whom there is a treaty (of 
peace), or those who approach you with their breasts restraining from 
fighting you as well as fighting their own people, had Allah willed, indeed 
He would have given them power over you, and they would have fought you. 
So if they withdraw from you, and fight not against you, and offer you 
peace, then Allah has opened no way for you against them. 
You will find others that wish to have security from you and security from 
their people. Every time they are sent back to temptation, they yield thereto. 
If they withdraw not from you, nor offer you peace, nor restrain their hands, 
take (hold) of them and kill them wherever you find them. In their case, We 
have provided you with a clear warrant against them. "" 

The Recompense for the Munafiqln 

9:68-69 All the deeds of the munafiqln are futile in this world, and in the 

Hereafter they will suffer losses; 

G. t < $f „ rf ,, _, a<# d<i 

Jo g ; "^»- j^a llpi ^.4ilj- &-&>- jb jlflSOIJ Q.' 0'- r> llj ^jii': r> II *UJl J_pJ 

5^5 *5sj^ J_£J l^jL^= ^5Uli ^« ^j_^r^^ C^S ^-* ^r 1 '- 1 -^ Ja-g-'J *^' ^4^3 
i£I£lt t_.i-= ^iii iillilli J. go &■ IjizllzXi IjJ'Jj H<y\ j2fj 

^ ^klpl cja~=- k^Vr-ljl lj^=bV (_J jj 6" iWa-Kj J. ; ! I'4' (»S^ ^ ^L>^' 

. ~ , ' ' i ** , -,- . < - 

A/Za/i fta.s promised the Munafiqln (hypocrites); men and women, and the 
disbelievers, the Fire of Hell, therein shall they abide. It will suffice them. 
Allah has cursed them and for them is the lasting torment. 
Like those before you, they were mightier than you in power, and more 



1338 Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 88. 

1339 Surah AINisa' (4), ayat 90-91. 

Page | 459 



abundant in wealth and children. They had enjoyed their portion awhile, so 
enjoy your portion awhile as those before you enjoyed their portion awhile; 
and you indulged in play and pastime (and in telling lies against Allah and 
His Messenger Mu ammad M) as they indulged in play and pastime. Such 
are they whose deeds are in vain in this world and in the Hereafter. Such 
are they who are the losers.' 140 

57:13-15 they are unable to redeem themselves with anything; 

4:145-147 the fruit of their labours is burning in Hell, and Hell at the deepest 

48:6 depths; they will return to jahannam, the most evil of places to 

return. 



gfj jjjiji iub Sjz-'s ^ ^ il?- lj~>- ^""^i f^-'j^i -i^Pj'j f-^yi iS^—iii 

J~ijj iSCJj-« ^ jllll Jxijli IjyiS" oi;*!' ^ "i(j *J-4 ^S--r? -^jj "^ fji"-* 

On ffte day wften ffte Munafiqun (hypocrites) men and women will say to the 
believers: ""Wait for us! Let us get something from your light!" It will be 
said: "Go back to your rear! Then seek a light! " So a wall will be put up 
between them, with a gate therein. Inside it will be mercy, and outside it will 
be torment. " 

(the hypocrites) will call the believers: "Were we not with you?" The 
believers will reply: "Yes! but you led yourselves into temptations, you 
looked forward for our destruction; you doubted (in faith); and you were 
deceived by false desires, till the command of Allah came to pass. And the 
chief deceiver (Satan) deceived you in respect of Allah. " 
So this day no ransom shall be taken from you (hypocrites), nor of those 
who disbelieved, (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism). Your 
abode is the Fire, that is the proper place for you, and worst indeed is that 
destination." 4 ' 

<_jM % 'Si fc^' p-fri ^ c)i J^' & J^VT rlj-tf ij oi^if a] 

-- - ,^^ - E 



1340 Surah Al Taubah (9), ayat 68-69. 

1341 Surah Al Hadld (57), ayat 13-15. 



Page I 460 



Verily, the Munafiqln (hyprocrites) will be in the lowest depths (grade) of 

the fire; no helper will you find for them. 

Except those who repent (from hypocrisy), do righteous good deeds, hold 

fast to Allah, and purify their Deen (religion) for Allah (by worshipping 

none but Allah, and do good for Allah' s sake only, not to show-off), then 

they will be with the believers. And Allah will grant to the believers a great 

reward. 

Why should Allah punish you if you have thanked (Him) and have believed 

in Him. And Allah is ever All Appreciative (of good), All Knowing. 1 " 2 

°^Ji 4jJb ^_^oUiJI i^Sj&^d\j Q&j&*d\j C.J oo'- tt llj ^ai'\ ,11 ^__jj_*jj 
CJstlj ^~^=r J*& JLpIj Ja-gl*Jj fl-pJ-^ "^1 S-^-^i a>~-" *Js'^ } f -x^ £r 5J-~" 



And ifta/ //e may punish the Munafiqun (hypocrites), men and women, and 
also the Mushrikun men and women, who think evil thoughts about Allah, 
for them is a disgraceful torment, and the anger of Allah is upon them, and 
He has cursed them and prepared Hell for them, and worst indeed is that 
destination." 41 



Fasiqln 0^"^ 



The deeds of those people who are fasiq, deviate from the stipulations of 
Allah' laws, even though their hearts actually acknowledge and are persuaded of the truth 
of the laws of Allah which they contravene. 



Characteristics of Fasiq people 



61 :5 They turn away from and conceal the truth; they break their promise 

2:26-27 to Allah after ratifying it; 

^_^=Cjl *dJl Jj~«j <jl ^_jj-«-utj -isj ^Ajjijj ll^jjLij ^a^jI] ^ s^y* J^ ^!3 

And (remember) when Musd (Moses) said to his people: "O my people! 
Why do you hurt me while you know certainly that I am the Messenger of 
Allah to you? So when they turned away (from the Path of Allah), Allah 
turned their hearts away (from the Right Path). And Allah guides not the 
people who are Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah)." 4 - 1 



1342 Surah AINisa' (4), ayat 145-147. 

1343 Surah Al Fath (48), ayah 6. 

1344 Surah Al Saff (61), ayah 5. 



Page | 461 



*- '=- * It,*-*' ** * ' I >' " ' '* 

Verily, Allah is not ashamed to set forth a parable even of a mosquito or so 
much more when it is bigger (or less when it is smaller) than it. And as for 
those who believe, they know that it is the truth from their Lord, but as for 
those who disbelieve, they say: "What did Allah intend by this parable? " 
By it He misleads many, and many He guides thereby. And He misleads 
thereby only those who are Al-Fasiqun (the rebellious, disobedient to 
Allah). 

Those who break Allah 's Covenant after ratifying it, and sever what Allah 
has ordered to be joined (as regards Allah's Religion of Islamic 
Monotheism, and to practise its legal laws on the earth and also as regards 
keeping good relations with kith and kin), and do mischief on earth, it is 
they who are the losers." 4 ' 

5:47-50 They do not want to practice what they are certain is true, that which 

comes from Allah; they like to resolve matters with that which is not 
based on the laws of Allah; 

^ja <ujlj ^_^jj L«J * V .^ » i3^J^j ^_^5ol ^XJl LJjjIJ (^J ^_j j o ■■■ ' \ I 

LiLp ^Asljjbl *Jjj "b/j <UJl Jjjl Uj ^g-M - ^-^g-lj <uLp LU~g-«J ^_^L^=*Jl 

*ti > - ,s* _ - s £ ^ J- " . 4 ^ = rf ^ _ 

d_a I L^=lUj>J <UJ I 1 L^ \Jj ^ t g • * j ^P^l *5s^« Ldjt>- (_P^J (V'sJ I Jj^ A'^\e>- 

, , > , «. - e ..-.>,-,*,.-, > > - - •, 

L*~«j>- ', ^m-^^a Jjjl (Jl oj^L^JI Ij .r r„li iSOjIp La ^J ISjilJ r$^J ^-^?"3 

ISCijI (J2J; O j ' 1 ;'^ (_r"LJ' £r? L«i5 o!3 ^-t^J^ (j^*^ (^&?^ L)' ^ -t-iji 

Let the people of the Injeel (Gospel) judge by what Allah has revealed 
therein. And whosoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed (then) 



'' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 26-27. 

Page I 462 



such (people) are the Fasiqun (the rebellious i.e. disobedient (of a lesser 
degree) to Allah. 

And We have sent down to you (O Mu ammad 0) the Book (this Qur an) in 
truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it and Muhayminan 
(trustworthy in highness and a witness) over it (old Scriptures). So judge 
between them by what Allah has revealed, and follow not their vain desires, 
diverging away from the truth that has come to you. To each among you, We 
have prescribed a Law and a clear way. If Allah willed, He would have 
made you one nation, but that (He) may test you in what He has given you; 
so strive as in a race in good deeds. The return of you (all) is to Allah; Then 
He will inform you about that in which you used to differ. 
And so judge (you O Mu ammad 0g) between them by what Allah has 
revealed and follow not their vain desires, but beware of them lest they turn 
you (O Mu ammad M) far away from some of that which Allah has sent 
down to you. And if they turn away, then know that Allah 's will is to punish 
them for some sins of theirs. And truly, most of men are Fasiqun (rebellious 
and disobedient to Allah). 

Do they then seek the judgement of (the days of) Ignorance? And who is 
better in judgement than Allah for a people who have firm faith." 46 

3:187-188 They rejoice in their deeds (The People of the Book, namely the 

Christians and the Jews, are Fasiq if they do not embrace Islam). 

sljj ajJ_-Jj j<Gj^jSsj ^J ( j-LUJ j<UaJolJ ^_^iSyl IjjjI <^.4JI i3A^? ^' -^"' ^13 

(and remember) when Allah took a covenant from those who were given the 
Scripture (Jews and Christians) to make it (the news of the coming of 
Prophet Mu ammad and the religious knowledge) known and clear to 
mankind, and not to hide it, but they threw it away behind their backs, and 
purchased with it some miserable gain! And indeed worst is that which they 
bought. 

Think not that those who rejoice in what they have done (or brought about), 
and love to be praised for what they have not done, - think not you that they 
are rescued from the torment, and for them is a painful torment." 47 

Ways to face/counter the Fasiqln 

49:6-8 Always carefully examine the truth of the news that they bring as 

often they lie; always follow the Straight Path, as certainly love will 
emerge in us for faith and likewise hatred will emerge within us for 
towards the Fasiqln. 



' Surah Al Ma idah (5), ayat 47-50. 
' Surah Al Imran (3), ayat 187-188. 



Page I 463 






O you wfto believe! if a Fdsiq (rebellious evil person) comes to you with a 

news, verify it, lest you harm people in ignorance, and afterwards you 

become regretful to what you have done. 

Ynd know that, among you there is the Messenger of Allah (0). If he were to 

obey you (i. e. follow your opinions and desires) in much of the matter, you 

would surely be in trouble, but Allah has endeared the faith to you and has 

beautified it in your hearts, and has made disbelief wickedness and 

disobedience (to Allah and His Messenger 0) hateful to you. These! they 

are the rightly guided ones, 

(this is) a grace from Allah and His favour. And Allah is All-Knowing, 

All-Wise." 4 " 



The punishment of Allah is for the Fasiqln 



29:34 Allah will certainly punish the Fasiqln. Pay attention to the narrative 

of the community of the Prophet Lut *SS8. and the community of Musa 
SB in the section to follow on narratives of the Prophets. 

Verily, We are about to bring down on the people of this town a great 
torment from the sky, because they have been rebellious (against Allah' s 
Command). "" w 

The relationship between the Munafiqln and the Fasiqln 

9:67 The hypocrites, men and women, are from one another, they enjoin 

(on the people) Al Munkar, and forbid (people) from Al Ma'ruf. 
They have forgotten Allah, so He has forgotten them. Verily, the 
hypocrites are the Fasiqun. 



1348 Surah Al Hujurat (49), ayat 6-8. 
"" Surah Al - Ankabut (29), ayah 34. 

Page | 464 



j j . ■■ ' Oil ^Jtt Q±a 0': .i II ^■jj f*4~— -^ *^' I j— J ^i-djl .-JJ /** ^ ",;j ' 9j J(-«JI 



77ie Munafiqun (hypocrites), men and women, are from one another, they 
enjoin (on the people) Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief and polytheism of all kinds 
and all that Islam has forbidden), and forbid (people) from Al-Ma'ruf (i.e. 
Islamic Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and they close 
their hands [from giving (spending in Allah 's Cause) alms, etc.]. They have 
forgotten Allah, so He has forgotten them. Verily, the Munafiqln 
(hypocrites) are the Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah).'"" 



The Prohibition of praying and asking forgiveness for the 
sins of the Munafiqln and the FasiqTn 

63:5-6 For the Munafiqln and the FasiqTn it is the same whether forgiveness 

is asked for them or not; even if asked for 70 times, Allah will not 

9:80 forgive them; and whenever one of them dies, never stand in prayer 

for them. 

r«-*3 o_} j ^h p-s^'jj f*-"j»j Ls^ ~' Jj—j r^ j^-~^. i>il«j *-» i_M i^!3 

q\ ^ Jjl jiij q} ^_i 'jii^i ^J j>l Ji-$J ^LJyii^Z, I JLjJp ; 13— J?J QjjSl^S 

<_j3l~±jS\ pjijT c£J^_ "i 'lilt 

And when it is said to them: "Come, so that the Messenger of Allah may ask 
forgiveness from Allah for you", they turn aside their heads, and you would 
see them turning away their faces in pride. 

It is equal to them whether you (Mu ammad M) ask forgiveness or ask not 
forgiveness for them. Verily, Allah guides not the people who are the 
FasiqTn (rebellious, disobedient to Allah)."" 

Whether you(0 Mu ammad 0) ask forgiveness for them (hypocrites) or ask 
not forgiveness for them ...(and even) if you ask seventy times for their 
forgiveness. ..Allah will not forgive them, because they have disbelieved in 
Allah and His Messenger (Mu ammad M). And Allah guides not those 
people who are Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah).' 1 " 



1350 Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 67. 

1351 Surah Al Munafiqun (63), ayat 5-6. 

1352 Surah Al Taubah (9), ayah 80. 



Page I 465 



Murtadd "■*>> 



Murtadd (apostate) means to be out from Islam: disbelief after having 
previously believed. A person who is murtadd is one who has intentionally become a 
disbeliever. 



Apostasy 



57:8 

7:172-174 
33:72-73 
2:216 

3:79-80 

2:108 

4:137 
4:115 



It must be remembered that we expressed a covenant with Allah and 

testified our faith to Allah before we were born into this world; yet 

many amongst 'mankind' are tyrannical and treacherous. 

It may be that 'mankind' hates something that is in reality good for 

them (embracing Islam; performing jihad; etc) 

Put your trust in Allah and become Rabbanlyun (U£ •} )i"\ who only 

submit to Allah. 

Whomsoever exchanges faith for disbelief, then he has truly gone 

astray form the straight path; 

their sin is not forgiven and their place of return is 

Hell with all its punishments. 



And what is the matter with you that you believe not in Allah! While the 
Messenger (Mu ammad M) invites you to believe in your Lord (Allah), and 
He (Allah) has indeed taken your covenant, if you are real believers. 1 " 4 

Jjti be. liSU^sl *-*^-*j />? ^Jji b^=j (Jli ^ bJbU iJywl Lrl I^J^JLJ j\ 

CjS -^Ij^^i f-?*Jj s^"5" J-^' ^'-^j 'is* bj-^-*- 11 

And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, 
from their loins, their seed (or from Adam's loin his offspring) and made 
them testify as to themselves (saying): "Am I not your Lord? " They said: 
"Yes! we testify, " lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection: "Verily, 
we have been unaware of this. " 

Or lest you should say: "It was only our fathers afortime who took others as 
partners in worship along with Allah, and we were (merely their) 



Learned men of religion who praetiee what they know and also preaeh to others. 
1 Surah Al HadTd (57), ayah 8. 



Page | 466 



descendants after them; will You then destroy us because of the deeds of 
men who practised Al-Batil (i.e. polytheism and committing crimes and 
sins, invoking and worshipping others besides Allah)?" (Tafsir At-Tabarf). 
Thus do We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, 
revelations, etc.) in detail, so that they may turn (unto the truth)."" 



Q~ti''~" lj tf-L°-^-" O' ^Uv}$ J^Jlj U^j^'j CJ'yi-^J' Ji iiLiMI lliijP bl 
^0 6' \<i II *0Jl OjbLj .:;^;': "^$->- bs^lii OrT j4jl ( -y~j'^l L^L^J ^ 

C-^-a J-«J lj j>Uw4 l^J I jip *Cb I C-JaXjj C^S^^A-I lj ,-__Ji^=yCw^J I j I " ' £ "'• a 1 1 J 

Truly, We did offer Al Amdnah (the trust or moral responsibility or honesty 
and all the duties which Allah has ordained) to the heavens and the earth, 
and the mountains, but they declined to bear it and were afraid of it (i.e. 
afraid of Allah's torment). But man bore it. Verily, He was unjust (to 
himself) and ignorant (of its results). 

So that Allah will punish the hypocrites, men and women, and the men and 
women who are Al Mushrikun (the polytheists, idolaters, pagans, 
disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, and in His Messenger Mu ammad M). 
And Allah will pardon (accept the repentance of) the true believers of the 
Islamic Monotheism, men and women. And Allah is ever Oft Forgiving, 
Most Merciful.'" 6 

\ *—^] J*p- jj&j U~i IjJ&^sj q\ lc"£-'$ *>-! cfp jj&j Jli-SJl .» *-=*~J£ ^_ jp 

OO - - ■ ) q^-uO if Ja^j I j n^-i "« lj r*^ J^" J-*J ' e J '"' ' J^- 5 "^ 1 /c-*^ '} 

Fighting (Jihad in Allah 's Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims) though you 
dislike it, and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and 
that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not 
know.'" 7 

A I^LLp ^y_p it ^4 Jj-^t! (*j Sj^'j r*^*^'j ^— ^y ' <^l ^iyi 0' j~~^, 0^ ^ 
Oj-« j -^ J*^£ I-*h3 ^_-^oy I <3j_«Jj*j J^lo Lsj ^4^7-; j ' y y Cr^3 , ' Oj 2 cr? 
£j\ il aij ^^xJb SyU ISb'jl £,iJJjJlj SSLltll Ij-i^J 0' y\r*\-t "^j (SS 



/f W not (possible) for any human being to whom Allah has given the Book 
and Al- ukma (the knowledge and understanding of the laws of religion, 
etc.) and Prophethood to say to the people: "Be my worshippers rather 



1355 Surah Al A'raf(7), ayat 172-174. 

1356 Surah Al Azb (33), ayat 72-73. 

1357 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 218. 



Page I 467 



than Allah's." On the contrary (he would say): "Be you Rabbdniyun 
(learned men of Religion who practise what they know and also preach 
others), because you are teaching the Book, and you are studying it. " 
Nor would he order you to take angels and Prophets for lords (gods). 
Would he order you to disbelieve after you have submitted to Allah 's Will? 
(Tafsir At-Tabarl)."' 8 

fjgj J^-UI ;I3_ J_^> lii ,^-)IL> 

Or do you want to ask your Messenger (Mu ammad M) as Musa (Moses) 
was asked before (i.e. show us openly our Lord?) And he who changes faith 
for disbelief, verily, he has gone astray from the Right way."' 9 

Ven'/y, //jo.se w/io believe, then disbelieve, then believe (again), and (again) 
disbelieve, and go on increasing in disbelief; Allah will not forgive them, 
nor guide them on the (Right) way." 60 

And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger (Mu ammad M) after 
the Right Path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the 
believers ' way. Wwe shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him 
in Hell - what an evil destination."" 

The futile acts of those who are Murtadd 

2:217 Those who are apostates from Islam and die in a state of disbelief, 

3:86-91 then their deeds are rendered futile and for them is a painful torment. 

5:5 Their deeds are nullified and they are amongst those who suffer 

14:18 loss, like ash blown by a strong wind. 

47:25-32 The actions of the apostates are a result of Shaitan's influence. 

3:106 Their faces will be black on the Day of Judgement with dejection; 

3 : 1 76- 178 and for them the punishment of Hell will be painful and humiliating. 



' Surah Al Imran (3),ayat 79-80. 
' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 108. 
1 Surah AINisa' (4), ayah 137. 
1 Surah AINisa' (4), ayah 115. 



Page I 468 



~°jh^i tf - L " j „»gl' ici o-i^~- dijiljli ^il^= 3-*j *^~«4* ^i—i? rr* 1 (>^r; 

, , ** „ _ , , i , - l 

77ie;y a.sfc yew concerning fighting in the sacred months (i.e. 1st, 7th, 11th 
and 12th months of the Islamic calendar). Say, "Fighting therein is a great 
(transgression) hut a greater (transgression) with Allah is to prevent 
mankind from following the Way of Allah, to disbelieve in Him, to prevent 
access to Al-Masjid-al- ardm (at Makkah), and to drive out its inhabitants, 
and Al-Fitnah is worse than killing. And they will never cease fighting you 
until they turn you back from your Deen (Islamic Monotheism) if they can. 
And whosoever of you turns back from his Deen and dies as a disbeliever, 
then his deeds will be lost in this life and in the Hereafter, and they will be 
the dwellers of the Fire. They will abide therein forever. " ,X2 

t * — >l - - i^ j « £i „i ' - - * * • >' ' j ' %i* *^ - " i 

jjji sliJ ^ g.lp o' n-*3Lr?" ^•V-'i' (IS* o*.- K^h ^°3-°-" '-J^'-i "^ *^13 i ^*-" 
'Lk c-??>-=~' cr? <_fe o^ "-> (^-*j LP'-'J Isy^" oyJ' o! CD o^U^-ii 

flow .«/mM A/^J/i g«fde a people who disbelieved after their belief and after 
they bore witness that the Messenger (Mu ammad M) is true and after clear 
proofs had come unto them? And Allah guides not the people who are 

alimun (polytheists and wrong-doers). 
They are those whose recompense is that on them (rests) the Curse of Allah, 
of the angels, and of all mankind. 

They will abide therein (Hell). Neither will their torment be lightened, nor 
will it be delayed or postponed (for a while). 

Except for those who repent after that and do righteous deeds. Verily, Allah 
is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 

Verily, those who disbelieved after their belief and then went on increasing 
in their disbelief (i.e. disbelief in the Qur'an and in Prophet Mu ammad M) 
- never will their repentance be accepted [because they repent only by their 
tongues and not from their hearts]. And they are those who are astray. 
Verily, those who disbelieved, and died while they were disbelievers, the 



1 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 217. 

Page | 469 



(whole) earth full of gold will not be accepted from anyone of them even if 
they offered it as a ransom. For them is a painful torment and they will have 
no helpers.' 1 " 1 



•pi *j>. pZ&j -p> <|>. CJ&& \J>j\ 'oijii fuij Ll^S\ '<& l^\ 'fj3\ 



Made lawful to you this Day are A ayyibat [all kinds of alal (lawful) 
foods, which Allah has made lawful (meat of slaughtered eatable animals, 
etc., milk products, fats, vegetables and fruits, etc.). The food (slaughtered 
cattle, eatable animals, etc.) of the people of the Scripture (Jews and 
Christians) is lawful to you and yours is lawful to them. (Lawful to you in 
marriage) are chaste women from the believers and chaste women from 
those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) before your time, 
when you have given their due Mahr (bridal money given by the husband to 
his wife at the time of marriage), desiring chastity (i.e. taking them in legal 
wedlock) not committing illegal sexual intercourse, nor taking them as 
girl-friends. And whosoever disbelieves in the Oneness of Allah and in all 
the other articles of faith [i.e. His (Allah's), angels, His Holy Books, His 
Messengers, the Day of Resurrection and Al Qadar (Divine 
Preordainments)], then fruitless is his work, and in the Hereafter he will be 
among the losers.' 164 

The parable of those who disbelieve in their Lord is that their works are as 
ashes, on which the wind blows furiously on a stormy day, they shall not be 
able to get aught of what they have earned. That is the straying, far away 
(from the Right Path).' 16 ' 






l3M Surah Al Imran (3), ayat 86-91. 
1564 Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayah 5. 
n6! Surah Ibrahim (14), ayah 18. 



Page I 470 



Verily, ffto.se w/io ftave turned back (have apostated) as disbelievers after 

the guidance has been manifested to them, Shai an (Satan) has beautified 

for them (their false hopes), and (Allah) prolonged their term (age). 

This is because they said to those who hate what Allah has sent down: "We 

will obey you in part of the matter, " but Allah knows their secrets. 

Then how (will it be) when the angels will take their souls at death, smiting 

their faces and their backs ? 

That is because they followed that which angered Allah, and hated that 

which pleased Him. So He made their deeds fruitless. 

Or do those in whose hearts is a disease (of hypocrisy), think that Allah will 

not bring to light all their hidden ill-wills? 

Had We willed, We could have shown them to you, and you should have 

known them by their marks, but surely, you will know them by the tone of 

their speech! And Allah knows all your deeds. 

And surely, We shall try you till We test those who strive hard (for the Cause 

of Allah) and the patient ones, and We shall test your facts (i.e. the one who 

is a liar, and the one who is truthful). 

Verily, those who disbelieve, and hinder (men) from the Path of Allah (i.e. 

Islam), and oppose the Messenger (0) (by standing against him and hurting 

him), after the guidance has been clearly shown to them, they will not hurt 

Allah in the least, but He will make their deeds fruitless,.." 66 

9 i. - - , - * s '<$ »* * t * tf s - '- .ff i tf fr j" > > ^ „;o j" > > J -,^ -, - 

*Sj^«-jJ j_*j £^jiS\ LiAj^-j oOj-«l ^ji-ul Lalj ay>-$ 2)$Z~s\ a 9-?~9 >'"1~ (*3^- 

On the Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) when some faces will become 
white and some faces will become black; as for those whose faces will 
become black (to them will be said): "Did you reject faith after accepting 
it? Then taste the torment (in Hell) for rejecting faith. """ 



' Surah Muhammad (47), ayat 25-32. 
' Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 106. 



Page | 471 



And let not those grieve you (O Mu ammad M) who rush with haste to 
disbelieve; Verily, not the least harm will they do to Allah. It is Allah 's will 
to give them no portion in the Hereafter. For them there is a great torment. 
Verily, those who purchase disbelief at the price of faith, not the least harm 
will they do to Allah. For them, there is a painful torment. 
And let not the disbelievers think that Our postponing of their punishment is 
good for them. We postpone the punishment only so that they may increase 
in sinfulness. And for them is a disgracing torment." 6 " 

Those who are faithful will not be Murtadd 

5:54 Do not enter apostasy, my brothers in faith; do not follow the 

3:100-101 Ahli-1-Kitab, as they invite to disbelief and stray from the way of 

3:102 Allah; and do not die except as Muslim; 

16:106 there is no sin, when one is forced to disbelieve, as long as ones heart 

maintains belief; 
16:1 12 and remember the consequences of those who disbelieved! 

10:98-99 grasp belief like the community of the Prophet Yflnus SB, where 

Allah removed the torment that befell them when they remembered 
His call to them. 

j4jjf_^-"j liL^^ijlJ dii\ Jb t Sj^^S ^djj^ •-£• *5*J_a '^ti r ]* l^-alfl t^.-XJI C-LL) 

O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his Deen 
(Islam), Allah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love him; 
humble towards the believers, stern towards the disbelievers, fighting in the 
Way of Allah, and never afraid of the blame of the blamers. That is the 
Grace of Allah which He bestows on whom He wills. And Allah is 
All Sufficient for his creatures' needs, All Knower." 69 

iSC^r-l Oju JfjZjj ^jiSCJI IjjjI ^.jjl £j* t-fi^ 'j ..h" Ol '3^l» O^-r^' K-Pi 

£>. *UJl \yS~i\ \j^*\c ^jiJJl ll^lij f;tij: f&-Z~* ^'_f*? cii ^^-* "^ ^^ il ■?"*-} 

O you who believe! If you obey a group of those who were given the 



' Surah Al Imran (3), ayat 176-178. 
' Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayah 54. 



Page | 472 



Scripture (Jews and Christians), they would (indeed) render you 
disbelievers after you have believed! 

And how would you disbelieve, while unto you are recited the Verses of 
Allah, and among you is His Messenger (Mu ammad 0)? And whoever 
holds firmly to Allah, (i.e. follows Islam Allah 's religion, and obeys all that 
Allah has ordered, practically), Then he is indeed guided to a Right Path. 
O you who believe! Fear Allah (by doing all that He has ordered and by 
abstaining from all that He has forbidden) as He should be feared. [Obey 
Him, be thankful to Him, and remember Him always], and die not except in 
a state of Islam (as Muslims) with complete submission to Allah." 70 

Whoever disbelieved in Allah after his belief, except him who is forced 
thereto and whose heart is at rest with faith - but such as open their breasts 
to disbelief, - on them is wrath from Allah, and theirs will be a great 
torment. '"' 






And Allah puts forward the example of a township (Makkah), that dwelt 
secure and well content; its provision coming to it in abundance from every 
place, but it (its people) denied the favours of Allah (with ungratefulness). 
So Allah made it taste the extreme of hunger (famine) and fear, because of 
that (evil, i.e. denying Prophet Mu ammad M) which they (its people) used 
to do J m 



<j qa rjA% &->j f L^ >!j Cl'^'J (j^~ (J! a^j^aj Llj JlJ! 5^1>Jl <j <Sjh^^ Ol Jlp 

Was f/iere any (own (community) that believed (after seeing the 
punishment), and its faith (at that moment) saved it (from the punishment) ? 
(The answer is none,) - except the people of Yunus (Jonah); when they 
believed, We removed from them the torment of disgrace in the life of the 
(present) world, and permitted them to enjoy for a while. 
And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed, all of them 
together. So, will you (0 Mu ammad M) then compel mankind, until they 



l3 "> Surah Al Imran (3), ayat 100-102. 
1371 Surah AINahl (16), ayah 106. 
" n Surah AINahl (16), ayah 112. 



Page | 473 



become believers." 71 

Repent and believe before it is too late 

4:17-18 Repentance is not accepted by anyone who only decides to do so at 

the time of their death; 
40:84-85 belief is of no use to someone when it is only invoked at the time of 

disaster; 
10:88-91 the belief of the Fir'aun (Pharaoh) was too late when he chose to 

believe at the time of his drowning by Allah in the sea. 

jgj uJl 151 j_p li bdipl cU-l)jl jbL£= ^_aj 



A'/a/i accepts only the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and 
foolishness and repent soon afterwards; it is they to whom Allah will 
forgive and Allah is ever All Knower, All Wise. 

And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds 
until death faces one of them and he says: "Now I repent; "nor of those who 
die while they are disbelievers. For them We have prepared a painful 
torment. " 74 

JUS (f*f;.; ^j&j> ^<u b5 Lw b^o^aj jaOo-j aJJb LLils I^JIS LLbb Ijlj bUi 
j^~^ ^°?^' S ^^~ -^ iJh' - cu^« bb«b Ijlj bU lAi-ftj] \ g * " • .: cUj 

if?;; OjjiSCJI iiJbj& 

So w/iew they saw Our Punishment, they said: "We believe in Allah alone 
and reject (all) that we used to associate with Him as (His) partners. 
Then their faith (in Islamic Monotheism) could not avail them when they 
saw Our punishment. (Like) this has been the Way of Allah in dealing with 
His slaves. And there the disbelievers lost utterly (when Our torment 
covered them)." 7 ' 

bb JUl 5^1>Jl (j "^>*'j *HJ jO^UjJ -^zSj^A C-T'lfl i ul bbj lc»y* ^SJ 

Ij^aij yi Jo p >*J3 jip ^J_«U Jb^J'j-al /if- .%« o lgl bbj CiXL-_« •»£• I J ,***,. I bbj 



1373 Surah Yunus (10), ayat 98-99. 

1374 Surah AINisa' (4), ayat 17-18. 

1375 Surah Al Mu'min [or Ghafir] (40), ayat 84-85. 



Page | 474 



And Musa (Moses) said: "Our Lord! You have indeed bestowed on Fir aun 
(Pharaoh) and his chiefs splendour and wealth in the life of this world, Our 
Lord! that they may lead men astray from your Path. Our Lord! Destroy 
their wealth, and harden their hearts, so that they will not believe until they 
see the painful torment. " 

Allah said: "Verily, the invocation of you both is accepted. So ou both keep 
to the Straight Way (i.e. keep on doing good deeds and preaching Allah 's 
message with patience), and follow not the path of those who know not (the 
Truth i.e. to believe in the Oneness of Allah, and also to believe in the 
reward of Allah: Paradise, etc.). " 

And We took the Children of Israel across the sea, and Fir aun (Pharaoh) 
with his hosts followed them in oppression and enmity, till when drowning 
overtook him, he said: "I believe that La ilaha ilia (Huwa): (none has the 
Right to be worshipped but) He, " in whom the Children of Israel believe, 
and I am one of the Muslims (those who submit to Allah 's Will). " 
Now (you believe) while you refused to believe before and you were one of 
the Mufsidun (evil-doers, corrupts, etc.)." 76 

Kafirln C#J^ 



The deeds of the Kafirln 

The deeds of the Kafirln are those that are blindly followed. They only follow 
that which their forefathers followed without understanding laws that they should have 
followed based on the stipulations of the religion of Allah. Note the following ayat: 



2:170 



When it is said to them: "Follow what Allah has sent down. " they say: 
"Nay! We shall follow what we found our fathers following. " Even though 



'' Surah YOnus (10), ayat 88-91. 

Page I 475 



their fathers did not understand nor were they guided?" 77 
5:103-105 

^jjiil lij J4» ^ »S^v»j S/ iSCliil iSCit l_jx^li ^iAII t^Uj (jjj Oj- 1 ^. 

]'~2~; QjLsJU p^S L«J ^SvijJwJ l*^~ i5^>-^ fidil jjl 



A/Za/i fta.v no; instituted things like Ba irah or a Sa 'ibah or a Wa Tlah or a 
am. But those who disbelieve invent lies against Allah, and most of them 
have no understanding. "" 

And when it is said to them: "Come to what Allah has revealed and unto the 
Messenger. " They say: "Enough for us is that which we found our fathers 
following. " even though their fathers had no knowledge whatsoever and no 
guidance. 

O you who believe! take care of your ownselves. If you follow the right 
guidance no harm can come to you from those who are in error. The return 
of you all is to Allah, then He will inform you about that which you used to 
do.' m 



11:109 






So be not in doubt as to what these men worship. They worship nothing but what their 
fathers worshipped before. And verily, We shall repay them in full their portion 
without diminution.'"" 

15:2-3 



'"' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 170. 

I37s BahTrah - a she-camel whose milk was spared for the idols and nobody was allowed to milk it; Sd'ihuh - a 
she-camel let loose for free pasture for their false gods, e.g. idols, etc., and nothing was allowed to be carried on it; 
Wasllah - a she-camel set free for idols because it has given birth to a she-camel at its first delivery and then again 
gives birth to a she-camel at its second delivery; Ham - a stallion-camel freed from work for their idols, after it had 
finished a number of copulations assigned for it. All these animals were liberated in honour of idols as practised by 
pagan Arabs in the pre-Islamic period. 
'"' Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayat 103-105. 
ns0 Surah Hud (11), ayah 109. 

Page | 476 






Perhaps will those who disbelieve wish that they were Muslims. 

Leave them to eat and enjoy, and let them be preoccupied with hope. They 

will come to know!' 3 " 

There is no point for them being given the reminder 

The KafirTn who denounce the ayat of Allah, it is the same to them whether 
they are reminded or not, since their hearts are blind. However, it is obligatory for those 
who believe to deliver or perform da'wah to them. Whether they (the KafirTn) believe or 
not is their own affair. Note the following ayat: 



2:6-7 



Verily, those who disbelieve, it is the same to them whether you warn them 
or do not warn them, they will not believe. 

Allah has set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing, and on their eyes 
there is a covering. Theirs will be a great torment." 82 

2:171 

l^s- ISi '£*= llojj Jlio "5| i^J M li J*Ij tjjft ji-iS" i_syii= oiJJI J^'i 

And the example of those who disbelieve, is as that of him who shouts to the (flock of 
sheep) that hears nothing but calls and cries. (They are) deaf, dumb and blind. So they 
do not understand. "" 

6:25-47 

, ,-, i,<j » A . ?„ ", ,- f , , , , , 



1381 Surah Al Hijr (15), ayat 2-3. 
1582 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 6-7. 
1383 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 171. 



Page | 477 



^4*iii Mi ojSlfj o!3 -LLp ^L>3^-6 *±* o's%~> j«-»j CIS oib"^' j4^~' "^! 

O-jjLL OjSo Mj ^y IXj_JLj lylLai juJI ,1p '>^J ^! cV/ 3-^3 C'^S Oj.y-~i L«j 
( yt Lij LpuJl lljlli- Ml ^» o! "l^JLij Cl'S 0>>J^J rt-r"!3 *^ ijr *-°4 

lijjj tJ-i '.^^ i3^-"-i '- L -* eW' J^ ^-pj ij^ '>*|j M <XP jJj CSS os-yv-H 

^j- JjI sLiij I^j JS" (y_S\\ }^i- JLi JfJ OJj^Cj l^S" Lij OIJuLH Ijijji Jli 
r>-*j'jj' 0>L»-rf-" j«-*j L,J UJsji Li L Ji tb^x^j IjJli aiAj iiLUl (vpil?- lij 

jljJJj j-gJj i_-~*J Ml Ljojl «3~»>JI Uj igj OjJJJ L> ill Ml i-»j_j$J» Jp 

At 
J-»j <2J JS" -Lajj iff); 0_J -Li^f" AUl O^jLL Cft?LJiJI J^yJj -ili^J JSo M i^'li 

*UJl C^l_«J5vJ J^-~« Mj byyaj ^ g '"I /jj>- Ij^jlj !>!-& La t U^ Ijy^ai ^tUli ^w« 

oji '^>\ l ^\ viLip yS 0^ o!3 CJS ^La 1 — j-«-" Ls.Lj ^ iliti- joJj 
*ojI iLi. ^i ^LL j^oLxi s L«-Ul \ L«J-« jl ^bjMI \ 1 aj /^jj 0' ' - *^" ^^ 
OiJJI s~^4 Lo] « ijjj oiLgiiJl ^ o^jSo yi L^J-f 11 Ji p-f*-*^- 1 

^•J © Oj-»L«j M ^-»Jl^=I ^SiJj iul; J>j ol Ji jiL3 <luI ^j_jJ Ji «_«uj 
S^-^y 4 j^-y >^ l~yLL I_«j js oi^i'j CIS •^ljJ-A^" 'p-rJ l}\ ^ *js" 

iS^Jjl t^l iSsXJsjl ^Ji i;";: ^a^fi^Ji ^'_f*? i}^ ^^ L^J v-aj ^J I \; *UJ I LiO ^4 
/J J LLL«jl J_£JJ (('"^.; Q&j&j 1_4 Oj—^3 sL« Oj ^-"J 0_5^ -^ 1_4 c_jLiS_j3 & -^ 

»AiW il M^ C~S Oj j"'*" .'. ^-4^*-' s'y^'i pL«LJLj ^*_^j-Ls-li ^XLli ^ ^a-al 



Page | 478 



(JjJ . ujiiij l_jil£= U j 'K;" JI J>4J o^ij (4lj^ c~-i qSCJj l_>iJv=J LLlb 

LP* gSj QjiJ-jzj ^-ft ^j c-jj *3 1 i_>Jyij i_a . ^ 'Jfii I 4j (»S-^j1-j aJjI JLp *JJ ^ 

And o/ rfiem are some wno listen to >'ow; foui We nave set veils on their 

hearts, so they understand it not, and deafness in their ears; if they see 

every one of the Ayat they will not believe therein; to the point that when 

they come to you to argue with you, the disbelievers say: "these are nothing 

but tales of the men of old. " 

And they prevent others from him and they themselves keep away from him, 

and they destroy not but their ownselves, yet they perceive not. 

If you could but see when they will be held over the Fire! they will say: 

"Would that we were sent back! then we would not deny the Ayat of our 

Lord, and we would be of the believers!" 

Nay, it has become manifest to them what they had been concealing before. 

But if they were returned, they would certainly revert to that which they 

were forbidden. And indeed they are liars. 

And they said: "There is no (other life) but our life of this world, and never 

shall we be resurrected. " 

If you could but see when they will be held in front of their Lord! He will 

say: "Is not this the truth ? " They will say: " Yes, by our Lord! " He will then 

say: "So taste you the torment you used not to believe. " 

They indeed are losers who denied their Meeting with Allah, until all of a 

sudden, the Hour is on them, and they say: "Alas for us that we gave no 

thought to it, " while they will bear their burdens on their backs; and evil 

indeed are the burdens that they will bear! 

And the life of this world is nothing but play and amusement. But far better 

is the Hereafter for those who are Al-Muttaqun. Will you not then 

understand? 

We know indeed the grief that their words cause you: it is not you that they 

deny, but it is the Ayat of Allah that the alimun deny. 

Verily, Messengers were denied before you, but with patience they bore the 

denial, and they were hurt, till Our Help reached them, and none can alter 

the Words of Allah. Surely there has reached you the information about the 

Messengers. 

If their aversion is hard on you, then if you were able to seek a tunnel in the 

ground or a ladder to the sky, so that you may bring them a sign. And had 

Allah willed, He could have gathered them together unto true guidance, so 

be not you one of those who are Al-Jahilun. 

It is only those who listen (to the message of the Prophet Mu ammad M), 



Page | 479 



will respond, but as for the dead, Allah will raise them up, then to Him they 
will be returned. 

And they said: "Why is not a sign sent down to him from his Lord?" Say: 
"Allah is certainly Able to send down a sign, but most of them know not. 
There is not a moving creature on earth, nor a bird that flies with its two 
wings, but are communities like you. We have neglected nothing in the 
Book, then unto their Lord they shall be gathered. 

Those who reject Our Aydt are deaf and dumb in darkness. Allah sends 
astray whom He wills and He guides on the Straight Path whom He wills. 
Say: "Tell me if Allah's torment comes upon you, or the Hour comes upon 
you, would you then call upon any one other than Allah? (Reply) if you are 
truthful! " 

Nay! To Him alone you call, and, if He will, He would remove that for 
which you call upon Him, and you forget at that time whatever partners you 
joined with Him! 

Verily, we sent to many nations before you. And We seized them with 
extreme poverty and loss in health with calamities so that they might believe 
with humility. 

When Our torment reached them, why then did they not believe with 
humility? But their hearts became hardened, and Shaitan made 
fair-seeming to them that which they used to do. 

So, when they forgot with which they had been reminded, we opened to 
them the gates of every thing, until in the midst of their enjoyment in that 
which they were given, all of a sudden, we took them to punishment, and lo! 
They were plunged into destruction with deep regrets and sorrows. 
So the roots of the people who did wrong were cut off. And all the praises 
and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the 'Alamln. 

Say: "tell me, if Allah took away your hearing and your sight, and sealed up 
your hearts, who is ther — an ilah other than Allah who could restore them 
to you ? " See how variously We explain the Aydt, yet they turn aside. 
Say: "Tell me, if the punishment of Allah comes to you suddenly, or openly, 
will any be destroyed except the alimun ?"" 

18:57 



And who does more wrong than he who is reminded of the Aydt of His Lord, 
but turns away from them forgetting what his hands have sent forth. Truly, 
We have set veils over their hearts lest they should understand this, and in 
their ears, deafness. And if you call them to guidance, even then they will 
never be guided. 



1 Surah Al An'am (6), ayat 25-47. 

Page | 480 



20:134-135 






And (J We /lad destroyed them with a torment before this, they would surely 

have said: "Our Lord! If only you had sent us a Messenger, we should 

certainly have followed Your Ayat, before we were humiliated and 

disgraced. 

Say: "each one is waiting, so wait you too, and you shall know who are they 

that are on the Straight and Even Path, and who are they that have let 

themselves be guided.'"" 



23:78 

ft !.v //e, Who /ia.« created for you hearing, sight, and hearts. Little thanks 
you give."" 6 

26:2-6 

^-^ 0\ C?3; 0^*3-* ' y&H 2' ^J— ^ij A^2j lLUju r;'";: ^Ji^-^jl ^_^Xjl C-^jIs ^AJj 

These are the Ayat of the manifest Book. 

It may be that you are going to kill yourself with grief, that they do not 

become believers. 

If We will, We could send down to them from the heaven a sign, to which 

they would bend their necks in humility. 

And never comes there unto them a Reminder as a recent revelation from 

the Most Beneficent, but they turn away therefrom. 

So they have indeed denied, then the news of what they mocked at, will come 

to them."" 7 



" K Surah Ta Ha (20), ayat 134-135. 

1386 Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayah 78. 

1387 Surah Al Shuara (26), ayat 2-6. 



Page I 481 



41:41-43 

Ven'/y, ffto.se w/io disbelieved in the Reminder when it came to them. And 

verily, it is an honourable respected Book. 

Falsehood cannot come to it from before it or behind it (it is) sent down by 

the All-Wise, Worthy of all praise. 

Nothing is said to you except what was said to the Messengers before you. 

Verily, your Lord is the Possessor of forgiveness, and the Possessor of 

painful punishment.""" 

45:7-11 

i z- t - ? * ^ * , i * . .^ 

1_A ^Llljl Ijjjb LaJl^-I LlJi LLiijIs ^? i_Lc lilj (;*T^ <JI <_jl j_*j flyv^i 1 g * a .'o 

qa Ij jLrf-l L. Yj U~i lj~li L« «j£p ^jij Mj i^f?- Vjjljj ^ © OH* 4-''- LP 
^ ^ .. -^ 

ij|5 j»Ji j=-3 o^ 4->'-^ 

Woe to every sinful liar, - 

Who hears the Ay at of Allah recited to him, yet persists with pride as if he 

heard them not. So announce to him a painful torment! 

And when he learns something of Our Ay at, he makes them a jest. For such 

there will be a humiliating torment. 

In front of them there is Hell, and that which they have earned will be of no 

profit to them, nor those whom they have taken as Auliya ' besides Allah. 

And theirs will be a great torment. 

This is a guidance. And those who disbelieve in the Ayat of their Lord, for 

them there is a painful torment ofRijz. """ 

88:21-26 

;"; *Q-~^- LULi "q\ li gjjj i^Ljl LUJ oj EjiJJ^S" Ol J-*JI iil 4jJ-*i 



• ■! .I.i -l 41-4 

' Surah Al Jathiyah (45), ayat 7-11. 



Page | 482 



So remind them, you are only a one who reminds. 

You are not a dictator over them. 

Save the one who turns away and disbelieves. 

Then Allah will punish him with the greatest punishment. 

Verily, to Us will be their return; 

then verily, for Us will be their reckoning. """ 



The deeds and wealth of the Kafirln 

The deeds and wealth expended by the Kafirln are futile and without purpose. 
They will not receive blessings from Allah and whatever they possess will not be able to 
be used to compensate them for their disbelief. Note the following ayat: 

3:117 

The likeness of what they spend in this world is the likeness of a wind which 
is extremely cold; it struck the harvest of a people who did wrong against 
themselves and destroyed it. Allah wronged them not, but they wronged 
themselves." 9 ' 

5:5 

pi 5?- p^^j>) tk~ '^ S > JI Iw 1 o^ 1 f^j '^W 1 p3 J=-l ^)l 

„ rf ' -J J! * - _ ,rf 

Mode lawful to you this day are A - aiyibat. The food of the people of the 
Scripture is lawful to you and yours is lawful to them. (Lawful to you in 
marriage) are chaste women from the believers and chaste women from 
those who were given the Scripture before your time, when you have given 
their due Mahr, desiring chastity not committing illegal sexual intercourse, 
nor taking them as girl-friends. And whosoever disbelieves in the Oneness 
of Allah and in all the other articles of Faith, then fruitless is his work, and 



' Surah AlGhashiyah (88), ayat 21-26. 
1 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 117. 



Page | 483 



in the Hereafter he will he among the losers."'" 
5:36-37 

Ac 

Ven7}', rfio.se who disbelieve, if they had all that is in the earth, and as much 
again therewith to ransom themselves thereby from the torment on the Day 
of Resurrection, it would never be accepted of them, and theirs would be a 
painful torment. 

They will long to get out of the Fire, but never will they get out therefrom, 
and theirs will be a lasting torment.' 1 ' 1 

8:36-37 

lj L^i j5»y„ ,j *Ull J^j— £j£ Ij-L^a-J JL^Ij-*' O j'i' - l \}j& *dj--^ O! 

Ia-^- it r, ^-=^3 <***->. lj£- "* .^*: ^~s~**Ji o*¥i ' .'^ i>? ^■■^^I **^l j>^1 

Verify, //jo.se w/jo disbelieve spend their wealth to hinder from the Path of 
Allah, and so will they continue to spend it; but in the end it will become an 
anguish for them, then they will be overcome. And those who disbelieve will 
be gathered unto Hell. 

In order that Allah may distinguish the wicked from the good, and put the 
wicked one on another, heap them together and cast them into Hell. Those! 
it is they who are the losers.' 1 " 4 

14:18 

The parable of those who disbelieve in their Lord is that their works are as 
ashes, on which the wind blows furiously on a stormy day, they shall not be 



13.2 Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayah 5. 

13.3 Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayat 36-37. 

13.4 Surah Al Anfal (8), ayat 36-37. 



Page I 484 



able to get aught of what they have earned. That is the straying, far away. "" 
18:103-106 

Say: "Shall We tell you the greatest losers in respect of deeds? 

"Those whose efforts have been wasted in this life while they thought that 

they were acquiring good by their deeds! 

"They are those who deny the Aydt of their Lord and the Meeting with Him. 

So their works are in vain, and on the Day of Resurrection, We shall not 

give them any weight. 

"That shall be their recompense, Hell: because they disbelieved and took 

My Aydt and My Messengers by way of jest and mockery."' 6 

24:39-40 

i'T;.; jjj ^ j<lI UJ Ij^j j<J *0Jl Jju£"JL! ^j *-^^ -*5sj J*-! J fl-^ £V*~' 

As for those who disbelieve, their deeds are like a mirage in the desert. The 
thirsty one thinks it to be water, until he comes up to it, he finds it to be 
nothing, but he finds Allah with him, Who will pay him his due. And Allah is 
Swift in taking account. 

Or is like the darkness in a vast deep sea, overwhelmed with a great wave 
topped by a great wave, topped by dark clouds, darkness, one above 
another, if a man stretches out his hand, he can hardly see it! And he for 
whom Allah has not appointed light, for him there is no light. lm 

47:8-11 



' Surah Ibrahim (14), ayah 18. 

1 Surah Al Kahf (18), ayal 103-106. 

' Surah Al Niir (24), ayat 39-40. 



Page I 485 



CIS (^ <& "5 ogiiS3 1 

Bwf tfose w/io disbelieve, for them is destruction, and (Allah) will make 

their deeds vain. 

That is because they hate that which Allah has sent down, so He has made 

their deeds fruitless. 

Have they not travelled through the earth, and seen what was the end of 

those before them? Allah destroyed them completely and a similar (fate 

awaits) the disbelievers. 

That is because Allah is the Maula of those who believe, and the 

disbelievers have no Maula.""' 



47:32 

<£jll f»— gJ oi^J u J-*j £ja Jj^,j\ \ jilt, j 4ii I J^— ,-jp lj.i*>j \jji£ ^i JJI o! 

Verily, those who disbelieve, and hinder from the Path of Allah, and oppose 
the Messenger, after the guidance has been clearly shown to them, they will 
not hurt Allah in the least, but He will make their deeds fruitless.' 3 "" 

The extravagant lives of the Kafirln 

The extravagant lives of the Kafirln has made them miserly and they have 
brought upon themselves forgetfulness about death. Furthermore, they have forgotten 
about the resurrection on the Day of Judgement when all their deeds will be weighed and 
rewarded. Note the following ayat: 

3:10-12 

i -i *V- «- . •> -.*— > •< . •> -■ ," «•< 

41)1 •j»a»-li \lziAL I_jj JS" _^_gjts ^» (^iAIIj Ojij? J's ylJ^-= sjfj! jllJI ijij 

ill ^j_JJj&><->j ^J_JJ~&^ Ijj^^-flS ^j_^.AU Ji (;'";: i_jl_ajj I JjjJl *UJlJ ^.yjJb 

Jjj ^L^- 11 o~H> ^*h*~ 

13.8 Surah Muhammad (47), ayat 8-11. 

13.9 Surah Muhammad (47), ayah 32. 

Page | 486 



Verily, those who disbelieve, neither their properties nor their offspring will 

avail them whatsoever against Allah; and it is they who will he fuel of the 

Fire. 

Like the behaviour of the people of Fir aun and those before them; they 

belied Our Ayat, so Allah seized them for their sins. And Allah is Severe in 

punishment. 

Say to those who disbelieve: "You will be defeated and gathered together to 

Hell, and worst indeed is that place to rest.' 400 



3:14 



4Ulj LjjJl lyJ*}\ X2l* -~QJ':> CJ^>JIJ ^UO'b/lj S_4^1^Jl J_wLllj 1 ~ e>\\j 

Beautified for men is the love of things they covet; women, children, much 
of gold and silver, branded beautiful horses, cattle and well-tilled land. 
This is the pleasure of the present world's life; but Allah has the excellent 
return with Him 14 ". 



3:116 



Surely, those who reject Faith, neither their properties, nor their offspring 
will avail them aught against Allah.They are the dwellers of the Fire, 
therein they will abide." 02 



10:7-8 






Ven'/y, f/jo.se wfto /lope not for their meeting with Us, but are pleased and 
satisfied with the life of the present world, and those who are heedless of 
Our Ayat, 



1400 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayat 10-12. 

1401 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 14. 

1402 Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayah 116. 



Page | 487 



Those, their abode will be the Fire, because of what they used to earn."" 
19:73-80 

jS- (j£ijd\ l$\ '\y^\i jijjj 'ijJiS' 'otJil Jlic^ly U14I; J^Je 'Jli lilj 

fid) I -L) jj J (("^; ' -l- 1 ^- <_JL*-^> I J u Dv-4 ^1 j-A -^ ^■jj.q.L*..., i *3 <LP LXJ I 1_4 U 



j^-l^.1 >__iJI iJLi.1 fcfj Ijjjj "ill-. sl^AJj'i/ jLsj UyJlLJi^a <^jjl oJiyl 
fjjj Iju < iIJlsJI ^ja i*1 JUJj Jj^j L» ii-^— ">l^-= jl'J I J-$p ct-^P' -^ 

f(T;; I ^^5 LLuuJ ;J*Jij L* j4j pj 

And w«en Our Clear Ayat are recited to them, those who disbelieve say to 

those who believe: "Which of the two groups is best in position and as 

regards station. " 

And how many a generation have We destroyed before them, who were 

better in wealth, goods and outward appearance? 

Say whoever is in error, the Most Benificent will extend to him, until, when 

they see that which they were promised, either the torment or the Hour, - 

they will come to know who is worst in position, and who is weaker in 

forces. 

And Allah increases in guidance those who walk aright. And the righteous 

good deeds that last, are better with your Lord, for reward and better for 

resort. 

Have you seen him who disbelieved in Our Ayat and (yet) says: "I shall 

certainly be given wealth and children, " 

Has he known the unseen or has he taken a covenant from the Most 

Benificent? 

Nay! we shall record what he says, and We shall increase his torment; 

And We shall inherit from him all that he talks of, and he shall come to Us 

alone."" 



20:131 






' Surah Yunus (10), ayat 7-8. 
1 Surah Maryam (19), ayat 73-80. 



Page 



And strain not your eyes in longing for the things we have given for 
enjoyment to various groups of them, the splendour of the life of this world 
that We may test them thereby. But the provision of your Lord is better and 
more lasting. ""' 

26:205-207 



'.77' ^ > ' * ° * <!■ * ' —,' 4. -. * > *~z< '',-r e 



jjyC-^J l^aJO La *ltf-£ 



Tell Me, if We do let them enjoy for years, 

And afterwards comes to them that which they had been promised! 

All of that which they used to enjoy shall not avail them. 14 '"' 

36:45-47 

Cyt (Tri^ ^J Cfj ^S^J J^ ^JLili- Laj 'p$H^ OX ^ 'j^ 2 ' c-fi Sa '^!3 
*•>' jSsjj LL? I^Lajl p> JJ lijj ,;;Jj Oi^jla L,Lp l_ajf S/J ^u o-^' 1 ' c^ iN 1 ' 

And wften if is .raid to !nem/ "Beware of that which is before you, and that 

which is behind you, in order that you may receive Mercy. 

And never came an Ayah of their Lord to them, but they did turn away from 

it. 

And when it is said to them: "Spend of that which Allah has provided you, " 

those who disbelieve say to those who believe: "Shall we feed those whom, 

if Allah willed, He would have fed? You are only in a plain error. "'-"" 

73:10-13 

(JfJ U.JI ISIJij S-Jifc li LaLiisj g|J Li-S-j M60I UjjJ oj (Jtj; ">Us ^iLjij 

And foe patient with what they say, and keep away from them in a good way. 
And leave Me alone to deal with the beliers, and those who are in 
possession of good things of life. And give them respite for a little while. 



1405 Surah Ta Ha (20), ayah 131. 

1406 Surah Al Shu'ara(26), ayat 205-207. 
I40 ' Surah Ya Sin (36), ayat 45-47. 



Page I 489 



Verily, with Us are fetters, and a raging Fire. 
And a food that chokes, and a painful torment.' 4 " 

The attitude of the Faithful towards the Kafirln 

109:1-6 There is no tolerance in issues of faith and worship; worship in 

accordance with various convictions; 

3 : 1 49- 1 5 1 always alert to their invitations towards the way of disbelief; 

3:196 do not be deceived by their freedom within the land; 

3 1 :23-24 and also do not be grieved by their actions. 

35:8 Do not be sorrowful over the deeds of the Kafirln; 

2:190-193 when they fight, then we arise to fight them, we disperse them and 

8:57 we (Muslims) must be severe towards them. 
66:9 






Sav (O Mm ammad (0) to These Mushrikun and Kdfirun): "O Al-Kafirun 

(disbelievers in Allah, in His Oneness, in His angels, in His Books, in His 

Messengers, in the Day of Resurrection, and in Al-Qadar, etc.)! 

"I Worship not that which you worship, 

"Nor will you worship that which I worship. 

"And I shall not worship that which you are worshipping. 

"Nor will you worship that which I worship. 

"To you be your religion, and to me my religion (Islamic Monotheism). """" 

you who believe! If you obey those who disbelieve, they will send you 

back on your heels, and you will turn back (from Faith) as losers. 

Nay, Allah is your Mould (Patron, Lord, Helper and Protector, etc.), and 

He is the best of helpers. 

We shall cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve, because they 

joined others in worship with Allah, for which He had sent no authority; 

their abode will be the Fire and how evil is the abode of the alimun 



s Surah Al Muzzammil (73), ayat 
" Surah Al Kaflrun (109), ayat 1-6 

Page I 490 



t 10-13. 
1-6. 



(polytheists and wrong doers). " 



fjgj jllLlI j ij^iS" JiJJI liiij li-bjij Si 

Le/ no/ the free disposal (and affluence) of the disbelievers throughout the 
land deceive you.' 4 " 

And whoever disbelieved, let not his disbelief grieve you (O Mu ammad 
M),. to Us is their return, and We shall Inform them what they have done. 
Verily, Allah is the All Knower of what is in the breasts (of men). 
We let them enjoy for a little while, Then in the end We shall oblige them to 
(enter) a great torment.' 4 ' 2 

•^li Jlij^ 'J+rJ '<-^icy J-^** 1 ' OjJ Ll^»- oli^s ^4^ sj— j-»J <j.j l y*i\ 

*~\ Qj*' *~i L«j s^ *UJl ol >^ J v^ JS ~ (*t^ ^ULaJ C-Jb-iJ 

/.« ne, ;nen, to whom the evil of his deeds made fair seeming, so that he 
considers it as good (equal to one who is rightly guided)? Verily, Allah 
sends astray whom He wills, and guides whom He wills. So destroy not 
yourself (0 Mu ammad Mi in sorrow for them. Truly, Allah is the 
All Knower of what they do!' 4 " 



Si Alii ^j_j! i_3-ii*3 Sij j&Sj\-.'i: QiJ)\ aui j^-» j ijixiij 

And fight in the Way of Allah those who fight you, but transgress not the 
limits. Truly, Allah likes not the transgressors. [This Verse is the first one 
that was revealed in connection with Jihad, but it was supplemented by 
another (V. 9:36)]. 

And kill them wherever you find them, and turn them out from where they 
have turned you out. And Al-Fitnah is worse than killing. And fight not with 



' Surah Al 'Imran (3), ayal49-151. 

1 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 196. 

1 Surah Luqman (31), ayat 23-24. 

' Surah Fatir [or Al Mala ikah] (35), ayah 8. 



Page | 491 



them at Al-Masjid-al- aram (the sanctuary at Makkah), unless they (first) 

fight you there. But if they attack you, then kill them. Such is the recompense 

of the disbelievers. 

But if they cease, then Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. 

And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and worshipping of 

others along with Allah) and (all and every kind of) worship is for Allah 

(Alone). But if they cease, let there be no transgression except against 

A - alimun (the polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc.) 14 " 



So if you gain the mastery over them in war, punish them severely in order 
to disperse those who are behind them, so that they may learn a lesson.' 4 " 



J~i>j JLl$j- jL$ijLij 'p-p-z -lilt I j o i"J""^ i jLa-^J 1 ■M^r JsP 1 ^-Pi 

Prophet (Mu ammad M)l Strive hard against the disbelievers and the 
hypocrites, and be severe against them, their abode will be Hell, and worst 
indeed is that destination.' 1 ' 6 



The Kafirln are the worst of creatures 

7:179 The Kafrrin are like cattle, and moreover worse than that; they are 

8:55-56 the worst of moving beings, and they are the worst of creatures. 

98:6 

, Ae 

And surely, We have created many ofthejinns and mankind for Hell. They 
have hearts wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they 
see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). They are 
like cattle, Nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones.' 4 " 



* Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 190-193. 
s Surah Al Anfil (8), ayah 57. 
5 Surah At TahrTm (66), ayah 9. 
' Surah Al A'raf (7), ayah 179. 



Page I 492 



Verily, the worst of moving (living) creatures before Allah are those who 
disbelieve, - so they shall not believe. 

They are those with whom you made a covenant, but they break their 
Covenant every time and they do not fear Allah."" 



Ven'/y, ffto.se wfto disbelieve (in the Religion of Islam, the Qur an and 
Prophet Mu ammad ("M))from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and 
Christians) and Al-Mushrikun will abide in the Fire of Hell. They are the 
worst of creatures." 19 



The sins of the Kafirln are not forgiven 

Allah does not forgive the sins of the Kafirin, those who commit despotism, 
and they die in a state of disbelief. Note the following ayat: 

2:161-162 

„ „ t c * . - , ^ $- > ,' '- - -J j ij f , % , , ,' - „ t *» i 
Qv*-ej>-\ ^UJIj ax-iUJlj aJJl djjj \-^ ^-^'y jLfiS' ji-fcj IjjUj ljj^_flS" ^iJjl ol 

Verily, those who disbelieve, and die while they are disbelievers, it is they 
on whom is the Curse of Allah and of the angels and of mankind, combined. 
They will abide therein (under the Curse in Hell), their punishment will 
neither be lightened, nor will they be reprieved.' 420 

4:168-170 

pSeli- -IS /^>LUl t£_lij fjjj IjJ^i *Wl j* vilJ'i O'S'j I Jjl tp3 O^-r^" -> ; 4-?" 
0>''V-«-XJl ,9 La <UJ t^li IjjjSvJ ^lj 150 lj5->- Ij^aLtS *>JJ ^a (V^J L> J 3~v\J I 



1418 Surah Al Anfil (8), ayat 55-56. 

1419 Surah Al Baiyinah (98), ayah 6. 

1420 Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 161-162. 



Page I 493 



Verily, those who disbelieve and did wrong [by concealing the truth about 

Prophet Mu ammad (M) and his message of true Islamic Monotheism 

written with them in the Taurdt (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)], Allah will 

not forgive them, nor will He guide them to any way, 

Except the way of Hell, to dwell therein forever, and this is ever easy for 

Allah. 

O mankind! Verily, there has come to you the Messenger {Mu ammad "M) 

with the truth from your Lord, so believe in him, it is better for you. But if 

you disbelieve, then certainly to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and 

the earth. And Allah is ever All Knowing, All Wise." 2 ' 



8:38 






Say to those who have disbelieved, if they cease (from disbelief) their past 
will be forgiven. But if they return (thereto), then the examples of those 
(punished) before them have already preceded (as a warning)."' 2 



47:34 



',_r jjt, *ii ji*j jjis jUS" Iaj ijjli p *ii J-j— qc- Ijl^jj \}j£ jji-kil o! 



Verily, those who disbelieve, and hinder (men) from the Path of Allah (i.e. 
Islam); then die while they are disbelievers, Allah will not forgive them. " 21 

The punishment and torture for the Kafirln 

There will be disaster and misfortune, as well as punishment in the Hereafter 
for the Kafirln because of the deeds of their own doing. Note the following ayat: 



3:106 



*Sj^«-jI j_*j p*J&\ 1|Aj>j oOjJJ ^ji-ul L«li a y?~J 5±Z*$\ ay>-$ >*"1~ ?3l 



On the Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) when some faces will become 
white and some faces will become black; as for those whose faces will 
become black (to them will be said): "Did you reject faith after accepting 



1421 Surah AlNisa' (4), ayat 168-170. 

1422 Surah Al Anfal (8), ayah 38. 

1423 Surah Muhammad (47), ayah 34. 

Page | 494 



it? Then taste the torment (in Hell) for rejecting faith. " I4U 
4:56 

li^l>* \ I ! ' I J ) *A^y^- ^jS^ LUS" Ijb ', (J ^aj ^3j-« \Ss±j\ij \}j& (Ji^ll 0! 

Surely! Those who disbelieved in Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, 
lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) We shall burn them in fire. As often as their 
skins are roasted through, We shall change them for other skins that they 
may taste the punishment. Truly, Allah is ever Most Powerful, All Wise.' 42 ' 

5:10 

They who disbelieve and deny Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, 
signs, revelations, etc.) are those who will be the dwellers of the 
Hell fire. !m 

11:18-22 

(Jfj Ojj^ > 5^*31-; jWJ IJ-^f tf^jj *"' Jk— ^* Oj-i-i^J -dj-^ 

' £ * * " ' i '^ * * * i 

;uy ^ aui cy 2 * ^ ^-* of LVj o^j^" 4 ^lji>? t *-' Lkj^s ^J ki-Lilji 

(Jo Ojyv 2 ^ ' 5- 1 1 ^ — ' L*3 *_*-"lJ I Qj* Asz Za I jj d La i > I J_*J I -_gj i jmi^aj 

And wfto <foe.s more wrong than he who invents a lie against Allah. Such 
will be brought before their Lord, and the witnesses will say, "These are the 
ones who lied against their Lord!" No doubt! The Curse of Allah is on the 
Zalimun (polytheists, wrong-doers, oppressors, etc.). 
Those who hinder (others) from the Path of Allah (Islamic Monotheism), 



1424 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 106. 
I42! Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 56. 
1426 Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayah 10. 



Page I 495 



and seek a crookedness therein, while they are disbelievers in the 

Hereafter. 

By no means will they escape (from Allah 's torment) on earth, nor have they 

protectors besides Allah! Their torment will be doubled! They could not 

bear to hear (the preachers of the truth) and they used not to see (the truth 

because of their severe aversion, in spite of the fact that they had the sense 

of hearing and sight). 

They are those who have lost their ownselves, and their invented false 

deities will vanish from them. 

Certainly, they are those who will be the greatest losers in the Hereafter.' 427 

13:31 

*J)I -J-pj ^jlj Ji f-?j'^ c^ ^J 3 J^-J' AS-j\i \ i ^= l»_| ^4^ \}j& Cf-^ 

And if there had been a Qur an with which mountains could be moved (from 
their places), or the earth could be cloven asunder, or the dead could be 
made to speak (it would not have been other than this Qur an). But the 
decision of all things is certainly with Allah. Have not then those who 
believe yet known that had Allah willed, He could have guided all mankind? 
And a disaster will not cease to strike those who disbelieve because of their 
(evil) deeds or it (i.e. the disaster) settle close to their homes, until the 
Promise of Allah comes to pass. Certainly, Allah does not fail in His 
Promise." 2 " 

13:34 

(JfJ . ij'i cyi ^' rr? r*-* *-*J i3~"' *^" *' v*'- L *-'j U^-*-" <^^-l ij ?L>\'js- l_i 

For them is a torment in the life of this world, and certainly, harder is the 
torment of the Hereafter. And they have no protector against Allah. 142 " 

16:33-34 



' Surah Hud (11), ayat 18-22. 
1 Surah AIRad (13), ayah 31. 
' Surah AlRa'd (13), ayah 34. 



Page | 496 



JJlCzZ^ <-4j I aj6 La ~-£J (3**"^ l*J_«-P La 



Do they await but that the angels should come to them, or there should 
come the command of your Lord? Thus did those before them. And Allah 
wronged them not, but they used to wrong themselves. 
Then, the evil results of their deeds overtook them, and that at which they 
used to mock surrounded them.'" 



18:52-53 






And the Day He will say: "Call those partners of Mine whom you 
pretended. " Then they will cry unto them, but they will not answer them, 
and We shall put Maubiqd between them. 

And the Mujrimun, shall see the Fire and apprehend that they have to fall 
therein. And they will find no way of escape from there. 14 " 

18:58-59 

HULj-j \yife> iLl *, (■''Cia.i T _gjsii jOjj ijjj! ">Ijj^ ^*i) ; ' i>? 'j-^'cP J -?3-* 

And your Lord is Most Forgiving, Owner of Mercy. Were He to call them to 
account for what they have earned, then surely, He would have hastened 
their punishment. But they have their appointed time, beyond which they 
will find no escape. 

And these towns we destroyed when they did wrong. And We appointed a 
fixed time for their destruction.' 4 " 

23:63-77 

Si 1-4 ^1 {5$ h'fif- "$ SlS -^jJiAf" p-» lij yliifL «-,J£lI liAo-l TiJ 



1430 Surah Al Nahl (16), ayat 33-34. 

1431 Surah Al Kahf (18), ayal 52-53. 

1432 Surah Al Kahf (18), ayal 58-59. 



Page | 497 



os-Ls > ' J°*~ >*j J>^ —^-43 £■ b~ k-3* - j« j I ~> >* I JlJ ^j^j-ii'^r^ r>-?y '? 

L« J ri-py ^ 6 v -^-« I L«J i j I J_*J u . ^''' JJ»- 1 JJLl j (t'~3) CM (3 " *.' j £' ' 1* 



Way, fcwf tfi«> hearts are covered from understanding this, and they have 

other deeds, besides, which they are doing. 

Until, when We grasp those of them who lead a luxurious life with 

punishment, behold! they make humble invocation with a loud voice. 

Invoke not loudly this day! Certainly, you shall not be helped by Us. 

Indeed My Ayah used to be recited to you, but you used to turn back on your 

heels. 

In pride, talking evil about it by night. 

Have they not pondered over the Word, or has there come to them what had 

not come to their fathers of old? 

Or is it that they did not recognize their Messenger so they deny him? 

Or say they: "There is madness in him ? " Nay, but he brought them the truth 

but most of them are averse to the truth. 

And if the truth had been in accordance with their desires, verily, the 

heavens and the earth, and whosoever is therein would have been 

corrupted! Nay, We have brought them their reminder, but they turn away 

from their reminder. 

Or is it that you ask them for some wages? But the recompense of your Lord 

is better, and He is the Best of those who give sustenance. 

And certainly, you call them to a Straight Path. 

And verily, those who believe not in the Hereafter are indeed deviating far 

astray from the Path. 

And though We had mercy on them and removed the distress which is on 

them, still they would obstinately persist in their transgression, wandering 

blindly. 

And indeed We seized them with punishment, but they humbled not 



Page | 498 



themselves to their Lord, nor did they invoke with submission to Him. 
Until, when We open for them the gate of severe punishment, then lo! They 
will be plunged into destruction with deep regrets, sorrows and in 
despair."" 

27:4-5 



Verily, those who believe not in the Hereafter, We have made their deeds 
fair-seeming to them, so they wander about blindly. 

They are those for whom there will be an evil torment. And in the Hereafter 
they will be the greatest losers."" 4 

29:22-23 



Jj ^_^? *Nl OjJ Q? r^ 1 ^J 5LLUI j Mj^j^l 4 <_J-j*^<~>. J^\ LVj 

And you cannot escape in the earth or in the heaven. And besides Allah you 
have neither any Wall nor any Helper. 

And those who disbelieve in the Ayat of Allah and the Meeting with Him, - it 
is they who have no hope of My Mercy, and it is they who will (have) a 
painful torment. "" 

29:52-55 

'-, , - - - ,'--**> > , ' ,~, •- «- , " '. 

C25 Oj^-*"^. "^ rt-Aj ^*-J f^T^yj 4^'- L *-'' J*-**^" ^^i--^ J-H '^J-'i V J '- L *-'^ 

•j^ i jI JbJI * g - ■•'■-* - ; Vaj ;'~".; /^.uajSJu 'j^ - *' a ' A-&-?- o!3 ' ■''-*-*-''-; >»iJ-jjI^jcL^o 



s Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayat 63-77. 

1 Surah AI Naml (27), ayat 4-5. 

5 Surah Al ' Ankabut (29), ayat 22-23. 



Page | 499 



Say: "Sufficient is Allah for a witness between me and you. He knows what 

is in the heavens and on earth. " And those who believe in Batil, and 

disbelieve in Allah and (in His Oneness), it is they who are the losers. 

And they ask you to hasten on the torment, and had it not been for a term 

appointed, the torment would certainly have come to them. And surely, it 

will come upon them suddenly while they perceive not! 

They ask you to hasten on the torment. And verily! Hell, of a surety, will 

encompass the disbelievers. 

On the Day when the torment shall cover them from above them and from 

underneath their feet, and it will be said: "Taste what you used to do. "'"' 

34:38 

And those who strive against Our Ayat, to frustrate them, will be brought to 
the torment.' 4 " 

35:39 

He it is Who has made you successors generations after generations in the 
earth, so whosoever disbelieves on him will be his disbelief. And the 
disbelief of the disbelievers adds nothing but hatred with their Lord. And 
the disbelief of the disbelievers adds nothing but loss.'"' 

38:27 

jjJJJ Jj'ji '\jjj& oiJJi ^b vHJ'i bl^»4 U^Ij Cj lj=yi\} ;U-Ui liiii- lij 

And We created not the heaven and the earth and all that is between them 
without purpose! That is the consideration of those who disbelieve! then 
woe to those who disbelieve from the Fire!' 4 ' 9 

64:5-6 



1436 Surah Al ' Ankabut (29), ayat 52-55. 
' m Surah Saba' (34), ayah 38. 

1438 Surah Fatir [or AI Mala' ikah] (35), ayah 39. 

1439 Surah Sad (38), ayah 27. 



Page | 500 






/fo.v not the news reached you of those who disbelieved aforetime ? And so 

they tasted the evil result of their disbelief, and theirs will be a painful 

torment. 

That was because there came to them their Messengers with clear proofs, 

but they said: "Shall mere men guide us?" So they disbelieved and turned 

away, and Allah was not in need. And Allah is Rich, Worthy of all Praise.'" 

64:10 

- ** , , * - - i - . , * - . ,-- "- 

But those who disbelieved and denied Our Ayat, they will be the dwellers of 
the Fire, to dwell therein forever. And worst indeed is that destination""" . 

Comparison of the Mu'minln with the Kafirln 

For the Mu'minln, Allah protects them and brings them out of the darkness 
into the light. They follow the truth and desire to heed His Ayat and witness the signs of 
Allah's authority. The blessings of paradise are from the fruit of Faith. 

For the Kafirln, Shaitan is their protector who takes them out of the light into 
pitch darkness. They follow what is invalid because they are deaf and blind to the call of 
the truth of Allah's Ayat. Their recompense is Hell, and that is the fruit of disbelief. 

Are they the same? 

Note the following ayat: 

2:257 



tpi 'pjk jbJI d^=l -<UJ}I oulE.ll JJ jjl 




Allah is the Wall of those who believe. He brings them out from darkness 



' Surah Al Taghabun (64), ayat 5-6. 
1 Surah Al Taghabun (64), ayah 10. 



Page | 501 



into light. But as for those who disbelieve, their Auliya are dehiit. they 
bring them out from light into darkness, those are the dwellers of the Fire, 
and they will abide therein forever." 41 



11:24 






77ie likeness of the two parties is as the blind and the deaf and the seer and 
the hearer. Are they equal when compared? Will you not then take heed? 1441 



30:44-45 



Wfowoever disbelieves will suffer from his disbelief, and whosoever does 
righteous good deeds, then such will prepare a good place for themselves. 
That He may reward those who believe, and do righteous good deeds, out of 
Hid Bounty. Verily, He likes not the disbelievers.""" 1 



32:18-22 






Is then he who is a believer like him who is Fasiq ? Not equal are they. 
As for those who believe and do righteous good deeds, for them are 
Gardens as an entertainment, for what they used to do. 
And as for those who are Fasiqun, their abode will be the Fire, every time 
they wish to get away therefrom, they will be put back thereto, and it will be 
said to them: "Taste you the torment of the Fire which you used to deny. " 



' Srah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 257. 

' Sail Hud (11), ayah 24. 

1 Surah Al Rum (30), ayat 44-45. 



Page | 502 



And verily, we will make them taste of the near torment prior to the supreme 

torment, in order that they may return. 

And who does more wrong than he who is reminded of the Ayat of his Lord, 

then he turns aside therefrom? Verily, we shall exact retribution from the 

Mujrimun.' 44 ' 



38:28 



jjjil«Jl Jii-vl (jiO"^' j Oi JLjA«J S" O^JlJiJ I IjLij l>-<l« ^JJJJI J-ni-vl 

'~\ j brills' 



Shall we treat those who believe and do righteous good deeds, as Mufsidun 
on earth? Or shall We treat the Muttaqun, as the Fujjilr?" 46 



41:40 






Verily, those who turn away from Our Ayat, are not hidden from Us. Is he 
who is cast into the Fire better - or he who comes secure on the Day of 
Resurrection? Do what you will. Verily! He is All-Seer of what you do.' 4 " 



47:1-3 



^fLt~- ^4^ j& 'pyj &i &A >»j ■£-*£■ U& Jjj U^ '>-•'* j c-^LviJl 



Those who disbelieve, and hinder from the Path of Allah, He will render 

their deeds vain. 

But those who believe and do righteous good deeds, and believe in that 

which is sent down to Mu ammad, for it is the truth from their Lord, He will 

expiate from them their sins, and will make good their state. 

That is because those who disbelieve follow falsehood, while those who 

believe follow the truth from their Lord. Thus does Allah set forth their 



u " Surah Al Sajdah (32), ayat 18-22. 
1446 Surah Sad (38), ayah 28. 
144 ' Surah Fussilat (41), ayah 40. 



Page I 503 



parables for mankind. 144 " 

Mushrikun Ca^j^> 
Shirk (4>") Polytheism 

There have been many efforts by mankind, from the time of the Prophets until 
now, to create partnerships with Allah (the One) using something alien to Allah. 

Note the following ayat: 

4:36 

LJ^y'i ili^-" tSJ-y Lii~^-1 oMl'JJLjj t" «-*< IjS"j^3 Slj *iil IjJL^e-lj * 

Lij j, ; .111 i^jj i_^iJL) i__s-LjiJij i_-i>Ji jti-ij ij^°-" <■££ j^t"'j o^y-~*-"j 

^jj Ijjij ^lik ol^= cr* V*^"" ^ '^' ^J ^^' ^-^-* 

Worship Allah and join none with Him in worship, and do good to parents, 
kinsfolk, orphans, Al-Masakm, the neighbour who is near of kin, the 
neighbour who is a stranger, the companion by your side, the wayfarer, and 
those whom your hand possess. Verily, Allah does not like such as are 
proud and boastful. '"" 

4:117-119 

ail iiii j'lj; i jjjj ^'K,- *l -^Lj^-^-i o!3 ^! ^! ^j^ en ■^Lj_) i -- i -t o! 

^-JJ^Slj ^X-.Mj '^IL^^J gj'j; UajyL! II^IJ .4? tlf ^ O^M -^3t5j 

^h~iA\ jji ^j dJjl ^3^ ^jjjJi-li *$V""3j >^joMI ^U»\i ^^silJi 

r/iey invoke nothing but female deities besides Him, and they invoke 

nothing but Shai an, a persistent rebel! 

Allah cursed him. And he said: "I will take an appointed portion of your 

slaves; 

Verily, I will mislead them, and surely, I will arouse in them false desires; 

and certainly, I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and indeed I will 



' Surah Muhammad (47), ayat 1-3. 
> Surah AINisa' (4), ayah 36. 



Page I 504 



order them to change the nature created hy Allah. " And whoever takes 
Shai an as a Wall instead of Allah, has surely suffered a manifest loss.' 4 " 



5:60 



Say: "Shall I inform you of something worse than that, regarding the 
recompense from Allah: those who incurred the Curse of Allah and His 
Wrath, those of whom He transformed into monkeys and swines, those who 
worshipped d ghu t; such are worse in rank, and far more astray from the 
Right Path. """' 



6:56 



, i , tf S _ i * 



(Jfj QiJil^JI ^^? Lis I L.j lij ciUi 

Say: "/ have been forbidden to worship those whom you invoke besides 
Allah. " Say: "I will not follow your vain desires. If I did, I would go astray, 
and I would not be one of the rightly guided. """ 



6:100 






Fef, i/iey jam i/ie yinfu a.« partners in worship with Allah, though He has 
created them, and they attribute falsely without knowledge sons and 
daughters to Him. Be He Glorified and Exalted above (all) that they 
attribute to Him.' 4 " 



10:18 



■jj' * 6 .". s ijliA ^vjv*-^j Ji & „ Vj ri-^yv 31 Ji ^ *^' ^^—29^ l'}- 4 ^^-A9*^-*^J 



1450 Surah Al Nisa" (4), ayal 117-119. 
I4!1 Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayah 60. 

1452 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 56. 

1453 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 100. 



Page | 505 



Anrf i/iey worship besides Allah things that hurt them not, nor profit them, 
and they say: "These are our intercessors with Allah. " Say: "Do you 
inform Allah of that which He knows not in the heavens and on the earth ? " 
Glorified and exalted he He above all that which they associate as partners 
with Him!' 454 

12:106-109 

^i C§S^L>£A-°-'' o> lSi t-*j ^'cr^^—i Lff*?'cr*J I/*?h di* #"' J! 
u^jVT ^_j Ij^-j jUil csjilt Jil J^ j^Jj j>y. Sflfj VJ -£1£1 ,jf ULljl 

And most of them believe not in Allah except that they attribute partners 

unto Him. 

Do they then feel secure from the coming against them of the covering veil 

of the Torment of Allah, or of the coming against them of the Hour, all of a 

sudden while they perceive not? 

Say: "This is my way; I invite unto Allah with sure knowledge, I and 

whosoever follows me with sure knowledge. And Glorified and Exalted be 

Allah. And I am not of the Mushrikun. " 

And We sent not before you any but men, whom we inspired from among the 

people of townships. Have they not travelled through the earth and seen 

what was the end of those who were before them? And verily, the home of 

the Hereafter is the best for those who fear Allah and obey Him. Do you not 

then understand?' 4 " 

14:30 

tf -* - * , 4 ' > is , ' * „ , • l* 4 *$■$**" 



* Surah Yunus (10), ayah 18. 

5 Surah Yusuf (12), ayat 106-109. 



Page | 506 



And they set up rivals to Allah, to mislead men from His Path! Say: "Enjoy! 
But certainly, your destination is the Fire! '""" 

16:35 

(GO o^-*~^' A 1 ^' 

And fnose wno 70m others in worship with Allah say: "If Allah had so 
willed, neither we nor our fathers would have worshipped aught but Him, 
nor would we have forbidden anything without Him. " So did those before 
them. Then! Are the Messengers charged with anything but to convey 
clearly the Message ?'" 7 

16:56-57 

And they assign a portion of that which We have provided them unto what 

they know not. By Allah, you shall certainly be questioned about (all) that 

you used to fabricate. 

And they assign daughters unto Allah! — Glorified (and Exalted) be He 

above all that they associate with Him! -. And unto themselves what they 

desire.' 4 " 

53:19-25 

ail Jjjl U Jf$&cj l^il lij_«juj;-" ; CH "^J ^ qI ,;,JvJ; cVJm? i^JLi lij yiib 

Have you then considered Al-Ldt, andAl-'Uzza 

And Manat, the other third? 

Is it for you the males and for Him the females? 

That indeed is a division most unfair! 

They are but names which you have named, - you and your fathers, - for 



' Surah Ibrahim (14), ayah 30. 
' Surah Al Nahl (16), ayah 35. 
' Surah Al Nahl (16), ayal 56-57. 



Page I 507 



which Allah has sent down no authority, they follow hut a guess and that 
which they themselves desire, whereas there has surely come to them the 
Guidance from their lord! 
Or shall man have what he wishes? 

But to Allah belongs the last and the first.'"" 

Taghut 

Included amongst that which is taghut is Shaitan; those who determine the law 
in a fraudulent manner based on their desires; in the direction of and including everything 
that is worshipped besides Allah. Amongst those who believe in taghut are: 

16:36 Those people who denounce the Messengers; the disbelievers; 

2:256-257 these are people who worship an ilah besides Allah; 

4:51-52 People who are Fasiq, the majority of whom are the people of the 

Scripture (Christians and Jews); they do not want to judge by 
5:59-60 their Holy books (the Taurat and the Injll); 

4:60-63 and people who are Munafiq, they do not believe with certitude in 

the truth of the laws of Islam, sometimes believing and sometimes 

disbelieving. 

(§5i J^ yv jSCoJl "CjilS- 



And Verily, We have sent among every ummah (community, nation) a 
Messenger (proclaiming): "Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep 
away from) aghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship aghut besides 
Allah). " Then of them were some whom Allah guided and of them were 
some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and 
see what was the end of those who denied (the truth).' 4 " 



-CLy.^ l}'i **>' CS* f& £-?$" *&J ^ f* ,^v a '' I H lp'^ SjJjJLj viLlHil 

^TjjoUi tpj ^ jiUi 4^i4>i -^iLiJji o^iyi jj jjiji ^r^ ^jijiJ 

There is no compulsion in the Deen (religion). Verily, the Right Path has 



' Surah Al Najm (53), ayat 19-25. 
' Surah Al Nahl (16), ayah 36. 



Page | 508 



become distinct from the wrong Path. Whoever disbelieves in aghut and 
believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that 
will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. 
Allah is the WalTy (protector or guardian) of those who believe. He brings 
them out from darkness into light. But as for those who disbelieve, their 
Auliya (supporters and helpers) are aghut [false deities and false leaders, 
etc.], they bring them out from light into darkness. Those are the dwellers of 
the Fire, and they will abide therein forever. 1461 

Si i^il ^.JJI viUJjl @ ^L_— Ijill oiJJI {j* tSail .^jli ijjif ^iJJJ 

Z/ave j>oh not seen those who were given a portion of the Scripture? They 
believe in Jibt and aghut and say to the disbelievers that they are better 
guided as regards the Way than the believers (Muslims). 
They are those whom Allah has cursed, and he whom Allah curses, you will 
not find for him (any) helper,..' 4 '' 2 

,, i~, ,- . i~, t* i, ,<-( -i . , - . ,jj- '. «' , ' 

^ J_pi Uj UJj Jjji uj AiiL) H.I; o' "^! ^ Qj " ° '•" L)-* <— '^yi S*^- Ifi 
b6G j£ <tX^>^\ c 'j*'^ii -4^3 ^J*-^~'i %>JbS\ *^ J^?"i 5^ ' ^^j ^' 

Say: "O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians)! Do you criticize us 
for no other reason than that we believe in Allah, and in (the Revelation) 
which has been sent down to us and in that which has been sent down before 
(us), and that most of you are Fdsiqun [rebellious and disobedient (to 
Allah)]?" 

Say (O Mu ammad M to the people of the Scripture): "Shall I Inform you of 
something worse than that, regarding the Recompense from Allah: those 
(Jews) who incurred the Curse of Allah and His Wrath, those of whom 
(some) He transformed into monkeys and swines, those who worshipped 
aghut (false deities); such are worse in rank (on the Day of Resurrection 
in the Hell fire), and far more astray from the Right Path (in the life of this 
world). •"'" 

OjJ-iji liilli ,ja J_pl Uj liAJI J_pl U-j \fj>\'t l_gjl Q^s-ji ^^riJll J! jj fi-J I 



1 Surah Al baqarah (2), ayat 256-257. 
1 Surah AINisa' (4), ayat 51-52. 
' Surah Al Ma'idah (5), ayat 59-60. 



Page | 509 



^.aj'vo iii£Jij Jj-»j" jlj *^' eTp'^ tJ! i>iL»J «-A J*? 'M3 © '■*** ^i*> 

Si lilJ ^ly.J-li '^V- | j | slJ LMjjj iLli-i "^i TSVji b! JjIj bj^i-" 4j fie- 
//ove yow .seen those (hyprocrites) who claim that they believe in that which 
has been sent down to you, and that which was sent down before you, and 
they wish to go for judgement (in their disputes) to the dghut (false judges, 
etc.) while they have been ordered to reject them. But Shai an (Satan) 
wishes to lead them far astray. 

And when it is said to them: "Come to what Allah has sent down and to the 
Messenger (Mu ammad 0), " you (Mu ammad 0) see the hypocrites turn 
away from you (Mu ammad 0) with aversion. 

How then, when a catastrophe befalls them because of what their hands 
have sent forth, they come to you swearing by Allah, "We meant no more 
than goodwill and conciliation! " 

They (hypocrites) are those of whom Allah knows what is in their hearts; so 
turn aside from them (do not punish them) but admonish them, and speak to 
them an effective word (i.e. to believe in Allah, worship Him, obey Him, and 
be afraid of Him) to reach their innerselves.' 4 " 

The Impotence of Shirk's Idolatry 

The only true Lord is the One True Lord, without offspring and 

without partners unto Him; for that reason there is no other Ilah 

in existence besides Allah. 

Their idols cannot create, since they themselves created them; 

their idols are fruitless and bring no benefit whatsoever, only 

disadvantage; 

their idols have no control over life or death, nor moreover, have any 

power on the Day of Judgement later. 

For these reasons do not become like someone who is vague in their 

belief and worships Allah from the sidelines. 

Blessed be He who sent down the criterion (of right and wrong, i.e. this 
Qur'an) to His slave (Mu ammad 0) that he may be a warner to the 



25:1-3 


17:22 


6:71 


25:55 


7:191-193 


35:40 


16:19-21 


22:11-13 



1 Surah AlNisa" (4), ayat 60-63. 

Page | 510 



Alamln (mankind andjinns). 

He to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and who 
has begotten no son (children or offspring) and for whom there is no 
partner in the dominion. He has created everything, and has measured it 
exactly according to its due measurements. 

Yet they have taken besides Him other aliha (gods) that created nothing but 
are themselves created, and possess neither hurt nor benefit for themselves, 
and possess no power (of causing) death, nor (of giving) life, nor of raising 
the dead. 14 " 



Set not up with Allah any other Ilah (God), (O man)! (this verse is 
addressed to Prophet Mu ammad M but its implication is general to all 
mankind), or you will sit down reproved, forsaken (in the Hell-fire)."'' 6 



Hi j-i ij aij ll>Lipl <JIp Syj ^jvh S/j H*ii~> Si L« *5ll - ■ jiJ ry> IjPjdI [ji 

tsijJI J! "j^^-^j^^^\ jaJ o'J5^ ^3^" 4 L ttt*'! "' ^ *J>«^-"' t^J-lf*^ 

, „ , { •"* „ , , J, i „ 

(gj ^T_^«JjjiJI vl/,J |JiiiJ l^J-lj tSJ-f)l >* <5il LfJ-» /• . )! Jji Hi51 

Say (O Mu ammad 0): "Shall we invoke others besides Allah (false 
deities), that can do us neither good nor harm, and shall we turn on our 
heels after Allah has guided us (to true Monotheism)? - like one whom the 
Shaya in (devils) have made to go astray, confused (wandering) through the 
earth, his companions calling him to guidance (saying): 'Come to us. ' 
"Say: "Verily, Allah's guidance is the only guidance, and we have been 
commanded to submit (ourselves) to the Lord of the AlamTn (mankind, 
jinns and all that exists);' 4 " 



And they (disbelievers, polytheists, etc.) worship besides Allah, that which 
can neither profit them nor harm them, and the disbeliever is ever a helper 
(of the Satan) against his Lord.' 4 "' 



l^ij I Slj lyv^J *-* Oj*;h" "^ "^j CIS 0>S-!^ r ri-^j l-M" 13^"" "^ w Oj^lr*^' 
^j^jjiil ^k-1p \ lj_» ^-£=_ > * ; ij SI j^oil Jl ^_»_jPOj o|j C5 ^JJ/* 1 -! 



' Surah Al Furqan (25), ayat 1-3. 
'' Surah al Isra' (17), ayah 22. 
7 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 71. 
! Surah Al Furqan (25), ayah 55. 



Page I 511 



Do they attribute as partners to Allah those who created nothing but they 

themselves are created? 

No help can they give them, nor can they help themselves. 

And if you call them to guidance, they follow you not. It is the same for you 

whether you call them or you keep silent. 1469 

Say (0 Mu ammad 0): "Tell me or inform me (what) do you think about 
your (so called) partner gods to whom you call upon besides Allah, show 
me, what they have created of the earth? Or have they any share in the 
heavens? Or have We given them a Book, so that they act on clear proof 
therefrom? Nay, the alimun (polytheists and wrong doers, etc.) promise 
one another nothing but delusions. " I4m 



And Allah knows what you conceal and what you reveal. 

Those whom they (Al-Mushrikun) invoke besides Allah have not created 

anything, but are themselves created. 

(They are) dead, lifeless, and they know not when they will be raised up.' 47 ' 



And among mankind is he who worships Allah as it were, upon the very 

edge (i.e. in doubt); if good befalls him, he is content therewith; but if a trial 

befalls him, he turns back on his face (i.e. reverts back to disbelief after 

embracing Islam). He loses both this world and the Hereafter. That is the 

evident loss. 

He calls besides Allah unto that which hurts him not, nor profits him. That 

is a straying far away. 

He calls unto him whose harm is nearer than his profit; Certainly, and evil 



1469 Surah Al A'raf(7), ayat 191-193. 

,4 ™ Surah Ftir [or Al Mala" ikah] (35), ayah 40. 

1471 Surah AINahl (16), ayat 19-21. 



Page | 512 



Maula (patron) and certainly an evil friend!" 72 

The Relationship between Allah's Authority and Shirk 

7:194-198 Their idols are merely created beings, and in fact weaker than 

'mankind itself; 

22:71-73 these idols have no soul, and do not possess senses that function; 

16:73-76 these idols cannot even create a fly, and in fact even something 

weaker than a fly; the comparison with the likeness of Allah is as a 
submissive servant and that of his employer; or the likeness of a 
mute with a person who orders the doing of what is good and just; 

4:117 so whomsoever worships that besides Allah it is the same as them 

worshipping Shaitan. 

6:162-164 Verily, my Salat, my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for 

Allah. 

a* 

(Jjj bjy^4i "i V»j »iU! OJL^J f-*Jpj l_j**-^i *J t^^i 1 J! ^-»>pij 

Ven'fy, //io.se whom you call upon besides Allah are slaves like you. So call 

upon them and let them answer you if you are truthful. 

Have they feet wherewith they walk? Or have they hands wherewith they 

hold? Or have they eyes wherewith they see? Or have they ears wherewith 

they hear? Say (O Mu ammad M): "Call your (so-called) partners (of 

Allah) and then plot against me, and give me no respite! 

"Verily, My WalTy (protector, supporter, and helper, etc.) is Allah who has 

revealed the Book (the Qur'an), and He protects (supports and helps) the 

righteous. 

"And those whom you call upon besides Him (Allah) cannot help you nor 

can they help themselves. " 

And if you call them to guidance, they hear not and you will see them 

looking at you, yet they see not.'"' 

^jiaujalj Laj *A£- <-Aj A_i L j~. J LaJ 1 ' i L-. I . . . <_a_i D/*j JoJ La <UJl ^_JJ 3 rr* Oj^-^-iJ 
IjjiS' ^y. oil ayri c% ~-^>j*J i^~y liiji; Jwjjc jb lilj jjj; j^l> ^ 



Surah Al Hajj (22) ay-it 11-13. 
* Surah Al Araf(7), ayat 194-19: 



Page | 513 



/^UJ I L^jlij £2;! jm?-«-" J~H5 \}y& ^Lj--&\ *k' Lijij jLDl JjQ'i ^ _^fu> 
* - , > , S. < '. -,<>•- -'. - < ' *,'■,,,.- - 

And f/iey worship besides Allah others for which He has sent down no 
authority, and of which they have no knowledge and for the alimun 
(wrong-doers, polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) there is 
no helper. 

And when Our clear Verses are recited to them, you will notice a denial on 
the faces of the disbelievers! They are nearly ready to attack with violence 
those who recite Our Verses to them. Say: "Shall I tell you of something 
worse than that? The Fire (of Hell) which Allah has promised to those who 
disbelieve, and worst indeed is that destination!" 

mankind! A similitude has been coined, so listen to it (carefully): Verily! 
Those on whom you call besides Allah, cannot create (even) a fly, even 
though they combine together for the purpose. And if the fly snatched away 
a thing from them, they would have no power to release it from the fly. So 
weak are (both) the seeker and the sought." 7 ' 

y%3 b_*~J>- lijj lLa 4^ijj ry>'°. f A~» <U^ J^-i S/ D^U-a I -lip *^Uu *UJl Cj'j^=> 

,,», . ; . ! 

And iney worship others besides Allah, such as do not and cannot own any 
provision for them from the heavens or the earth. 

So put not forward similitudes for Allah (as there is nothing similar to him, 
nor He resembles anything). Truly! Allah knows and you know not. 
Allah puts forward the example (of two men a believer and a disbeliever); a 
slave (disbeliever) under the possession of another, he has no power of any 
sort, and (the other), a man (believer) on whom We have bestowed a good 
provision from Us, and he spends thereof secretly and openly. Can they be 



1 Surah Al Hajj (22),ayat 71-73. 

Page | 514 



equal? (by no means, not). All the praises and thanks be to Allah. Nay! (but) 
most of them know not. 

And Allah puts forward (another) example of two men, one of them dumb, 
who has no power over anything (disbeliever), and he is a burden to his 
master, whichever way he directs him, he brings no good. Is such a man 
equal to one (believer in the Islamic Monotheism) who commands justice, 
and is himself on a Straight Path? 14 " 



They (all those who worship others than Allah) invoke nothing but female 
deities besides Him (Allah), and they invoke nothing but Shai an (Satan), a 
persistent rebel!" 76 



jdj ^XijL "b/ if 1 ^; ^uludl ^Li'j 4JJ ^ jL^i c^^-3 tjv^i <S^-^ o\ l}$ 

' E - - ' , ' s i i,* - £ > - ,'-,((.,» , !, : 

Say (O M» ammad M): "Verily, my aldt (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, 

and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the Alamtn (mankind, jinns and all 

that exists). 

"He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first 

of the Muslims." 

Say: "Shall I seek a Lord other than Allah, while He is the Lord of all 

things? No person earns any (sin) except against himself (only), and no 

bearer of burdens shall bear the burden of another. Then unto your Lord is 

your return, so He will tell you that wherein you have been differing. " ,47? 

The State of a Mushrik and his Shirk in the Hereafter 

6:22-24 The Mushrikfln do not acknowledge themselves as once holding 

partners with Allah; 

after having been confronted with their partners, they deny their 
shirk which they used to involve themselves in on the earth; 
and the idols that they themselves created will be their enemies; 
the idols will become an army against those who used to worship 
them, whilst those of 'mankind' whom they worshipped will 
themselves look for a way to be closer to Allah. 
The state of the Mushrikfln will be to mutually deny and mutually 
recriminate; and Hell is their place of return. 



16 


86-87 


19 


81-82 


35 


13-14 


36 


74-75 


17:56-57 


29 


25 



1475 Surah Al Nahl (16), ayat 73-76. 

1476 Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 117. 

I47 ' Surah Al An'am (6), ayat 162-164. 



Page | 515 



(JjS Oy*£-y 't^* Cf-^ (^i^S* l/-' 'jO 1 *' ilfc^l J>^ p ^tf~ '^j^^- fy.i 
J^p Ijj JS"i_i_S"^Jiil [JgJ; Q&j&^ US li tijj *iilj IjJIi o' "^1 n-r^ c^ -JJ -^ 

And on the Day when We shall gather them all together, We shall say to 

those who joined partners in worship (with Us): "Where are your partners 

(false deities) whom you used to assert (as partners in worship with 

Allah)?" 

There will then be (left) no Fitnah (excuses or statements or arguments) for 

them but to say: "By Allah, our Lord, we were not those who joined others 

in worship with Allah. " 

Look! How they lie against themselves! But the (lie) which they invented 

will disappear from them." 73 

i-t"¥- ^' J! 'j^'j CjJ dj>>J^=J »Sol J>iJI -i+*J! Ij^-ILs -^ij- 3 rji 

£ Ojr-ij Ijj6" U (1-4^ J^j JJ-Ul 

And wnen Wiose woo associated partners with Allah see their (Allah's 
so-called) partners, they will say: "Our Lord! These are our partners whom 
we used to invoke besides You. " But they will throw back their word at them 
(and say): "Surely! you indeed are liars!" 

And they will offer (their full) submission to Allah (Alone) on that day, and 
their invented false deities [all that they used to invoke besides Allah, e.g. 
idols, saints, priests, monks, angels, jinns, Jibrael (Gabriel), Messengers, 
etc.] will vanish from them.' 47 ' 

JS3 ' a ^? ("-p^ 1 OjJjSvj 

And "ley nave tafcen (/or worship) aliha (gods) besides Allah, that they 
might give them honour, power and glory (and also protect them from 
Allah 's punishment etc.). 

Nay, but they (the so-called gods) will deny their worship of them, and 
become opponents to them (on the Day of Resurrection)."" 

tsj-~l¥= j^Hj J~LiJi >^~j JJ 1 4 jLp 1 (Ay.i jLp 1 4 X" {£y- 



1478 Surah al An'am (6), ayat 22-24. 
I4 ™ Surah Al Nahl (16), ayat 86-87. 
1480 Surah Maryam (19), ayat 81-82. 



Page I 516 



,,,,,,,*■> , ,,>',, — , , u is 

/fe merges the night into the Day (i.e. the decrease in the hours of the night 
are added to the hours of the day), and He merges the day into the night (i.e. 
the decrease in the hours of the day are added to the hours of the night). 
And He has subjected the sun and the moon, each runs its course for a term 
appointed. Such is Allah your Lord; His is the kingdom. And those, whom 
you invoke or call upon instead of him, own not even a Qitmir (the thin 
membrane over the date stone). 

If you invoke (or call upon) them, they hear not your call, and if (in case) 
they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the 
Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them. And none 
can inform you (O Mu ammad M) like Him who is the All Knower (of each 
and everything).""' 



And they have taken besides Allah aliha (gods), hoping that they might be 
helped (by those so called gods). 

They cannot help them, but they will be brought forward as a troop against 
those who worshipped them (at the time of reckoning)."" 12 

"%.$£- Sij is^-p j4=Ji i—a-is" ^^jjxUj S<i ^*jj^> eft j^~**j oyJ' Ij^^l J^ 

at i s, a* - } i* i 

Soy (O M« ammad 0): "Call unto those besides Him whom you pretend [to 
be gods like angels, Isa (Jesus), Uzair (Ezra), etc.]. they have neither the 
power to remove the adversity from you nor even to shift it from you to 
another person. " 

Those whom they call upon [like Isa (Jesus) son of Maryam (Mary), 
Uzair (Ezra), angel, etc.] desire (for themselves) means of access to their 
Lord (Allah), as to which of them should be the nearest and they [ Isa 
(Jesus), Uzair (Ezra), angels, etc.] hope for His Mercy and fear His 
torment. Verily, the torment of your Lord is something to be afraid of."" 1 

A o'To II Jo^j ^j Uj jjl 5^1>jl (j j*5^~H SSyA Gjjjl *UJl Qjl -yA j^'X£-\ L«jl Jlij 



1481 Surah Fatir [or Al Mala' ikah] (35), ayat 13-14. 

1482 Surah Ya Sm (36), ayat 74-75. 

1483 Surah Al lsra (17), ayat 56-57. 



Page I 517 



And ['Ibrahim (Abraham)] said: "You have taken (for worship) idols 
instead of Allah, and the love between you is only in the life of this world, 
but on the Day of Resurrection, you shall disown each other, and curse 
each other, and your abode will be the Fire, and you shall have no 
helper. """ 

The Sin of Shirk is Unpardonable 

39:53 Allah forgives all sins; 

4:48 except the sin of Shirk, so do not bother or even think about 

4:1 16 asking forgiveness for the Mushrikun - even if they are of your 

9:113-114 own family. 

Say: "O IbadT (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by 
committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allah, Verily 
Allah forgives all sins. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful."" 5 






Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him in 
worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, 
and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented 
a tremendous sin.' 4 " 1 






Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with 
Him, but He forgives whom He pleases sins other than that, and whoever 
sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away."" 7 






1484 Surah al Ankabut (29), ayah 25. 
I4SS Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 53. 
1486 Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 48. 
I4S ' Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 116. 



Page |5U 



ft is not (proper) for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allah 's 
forgiveness for the Mushrikun (polytheists, idolaters, pagans, disbelievers 
in the Oneness of Allah) even though they be of kin, after it has become 
clear to them that they are the dwellers of the Fire (because they died in a 
state of disbelief). 

And [ 'Ibrahim 's (Abraham)] invoking (of Allah) for his father 's forgiveness 
was only because of a promise he [ 'Ibrahim (Abraham)] had made to him 
(his father). But when it became clear to him [ 'Ibrahim (Abraham)] that he 
(his father) is an enemy to Allah, he dissociated himself from him. Verily 
'Ibrahim (Abraham) was Al-Awwah (has fifteen different meanings but the 
correct one seems to be that he used to invoke Allah with humility, glorify 
Him and Remember Him much), and was forbearing. (Tafsir 
Al-Qurtubl). ,m 



! Surah Al Taubah (9), ayat 113-1 14. 

Page |5U 



Page | 520 



CHAPTER 7 



The Life of 'mankind' ' World 



*-" -» -, i ^ * -*. 



-■? i- '•* < 






/f w //e, Wzo gave yoM ///e, an<i then will cause you to 
die, and will again give you life. Verily! Man is indeed an 
ingrate."" 9 



>f l~ n 






J^-"« ts>- 



r J ^w® 



Area? Allah has brought you forth from the (dust of) 
earth. Afterwards He will return you into it, and bring 
you forth." 90 



1489 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 66. 
14,0 Surah Nuh (71), ayat 17-18. 



Page | 521 



The Womb 



The Condition of the Womb 

39:6 Allah created mankind in the wombs of their mothers, in three veils 

of darkness; the darkness of the fundus; the darkness of the uterus; 
and the darkness within the membrane that encloses the baby within 
the uterus. 

He created you (all) from a single person ( Adam); Then made from him his 
wife [Hawwa ' (Eve)]. And He has sent down for you of cattle eight pairs (of 
the sheep, two, male and female; of the goats, two, male and female; of the 
oxen, two, male and female; and of the camels, two, male and female). He 
creates you in the wombs of your mothers, creation after creation in three 
veils of darkness, such is Allah your Lord. His is the kingdom, La ilaha ilia 
Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). How then are you 
turned away?" 1 " 

The Process of 'Mankinds' Creation 

23:12-14 He creates you in the wombs of your mothers, creation after creation 

in three veils of darkness, such is Allah your Lord. His is the 
kingdom, La ilaha ilia Huwa. 

And indeed We created man ( Adam) out of an extract of clay (water and 

earth). 

Thereafter We made him (the offspring of Adam) as a Nu fah (mixed drops 

of the male and female sexual discharge) (and lodged it) in a safe lodging 

(womb of the woman). 

Then We made the Nu fah into a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood), 

then We made the clot into a little lump of flesh, then We made out of that 



1 Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 6. 

Page | 522 



little lump of flesh bones, then We clothed the bones with flesh, and then We 
brought it forth as another creation. So blessed be Allah, the best of 
creators.' 492 

71:14 While He has created you in stages. 

* =* i- — 

While He has created you in (different) stages [i.e. first Nufah, then 
Alaqah and then Mu ghah, see (VV.23:13,14) the Qur'dn].' 4 ' 1 

Refer also page 80. 

The Existence of 'Mankinds' Situation 

22:5 Of the events surrounding 'Mankinds' full existence are those that 

are complete and also those that are incomplete or flawed; there are 

13:8 times that exceed and times that fall short within the duration of time 

77:20-23 in the womb; all of this has been measured in accordance with the 

measurements of Allah; 

82:7-8 how 'Mankinds' bodies are so perfectly balanced; even those who 

are flawed have favours. 

IJ djjjaj -^a Ij <_J \jj -y* ^5slJLL>- b Ij CU*-J I ^jA ^_~JJ <j Jai^S q\ ~, bj I LgjLj 
71 1 i Lii La j- \&- j ^ I (j Jjijj *50 0^4 ^-^- s ~ J&5 <ik£- \* ^a » -j* ^j djtl& ^a 

(;7p: rr^g ; r-jj J ^ — i ^? C-^J I j C-ojj C^yLA I sLsJl 1 g Jp UJjjl lili 5 -La La 

O mankind! If you are in doubt about the Resurrection, then verily! We have 
created you (i.e. Adam) from dust, then from a Nutfah (mixed drops of male 
and female sexual discharge i.e. offspring of Adam), then from a clot (a 
piece of thick coagulated blood) then from a little lump of flesh, some 
formed and some unformed (miscarriage), that We may make (it) clear to 
you (i.e. to show you Our power and ability to do what We will). And We 
cause whom We will to remain in the wombs for an appointed term, then We 
bring you out as infants, then (give you growth) that you may reach your 
age of full strength. And among you there is he who dies (young), and 
among you there is he who is brought back to the miserable old age, so that 
he knows nothing after having known. And you see the earth barren, but 
when We send down water (rain) on it, it is stirred (to life), it swells and 
puts forth every lovely kind (of growth). 1 " 4 



14.2 Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayat 12-14. 

14.3 Surah Nuh (71), ayah 14. 

14.4 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 5. 

Page | 523 



kc % U» J^=j ilijj Cj \ li-j*^ i^ 2 ^J d^ 1 J^= Df^- ^ r^ ^ 



41)1 



A//d7i knows what every female bears, and by how much the wombs fall 
short (of their time or number) or exceed. Everything with Him is in (due) 
proportion.' 4 ' 5 



Did We not create you from a worthless water (semen, etc.)? 

Then We placed it in a place of safety (womb), 

for a known period (determined by gestation)? 

So We did measure, and We are the best to measure (the things)."" 6 



Wfto created you, fashioned you perfectly, and gave you due proportion; 
In whatever form He willed, He put you together. "" 

The Kinds of Formed 'mankind' 

75:39 Allah created both male and female. 

And made /«m in two sexes, male and female. 

53:32 Allah knows the state of 'mankind' from their initial time they are 

42:49-50 in their mother's womb; He creates male and female, and moreover, 

renders whomsoever He wills barren. 

:;l; l^j' o^ -*^' >* 

Those who avoid great sins (See the Quran, Verses: 6:152,153) and 
Al-Fawd ish (illegal sexual intercourse, etc.) except the small faults, verily, 
your Lord is of Vast Forgiveness. He knows you well when He created you 
from the earth (Adam), and when you were fetuses in your mothers' 



14.5 Surah Al Rad (13), ayah 8. 

14.6 Surah Al Mursalat (77), ayat 20-23. 
I4 " Surah Al Infitar (82), ayat 7-8. 



Page I 524 



wombs. So ascribe not purity to yourselves. He knows best him who fears 
Allah and keep his duty to Him [i.e. those who are Al-Muttaqun]."" 



sLio L 't-*-' ^— *&i! bujj pLio --j-«J ' ■ . pLio La ijU^-" r^J * 3 o>V-«~^JI * II a *lU 

7b AZ/a/i belongs the Kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He creates 
what He wills. He bestows female (offspring) upon whom He wills, and 
bestows male (offspring) upon whom He wills. 

Or He bestows both males and females, and He renders barren whom He 
wills. Verily, He is the All-Knower and is Able to do All things. "" 

The Testimony of 'Mankinds' Soul before Birth 

57:8 Allah has already taken a testament from 'mankind' as to His 

7:172-173 Oneness; in order that 'mankind' does not associate partners with 

Him. 

And what is the matter with you that you believe not in Allah! While the 
Messenger (Mu ammad M) invites you to believe in your Lord (Allah), and 
He (Allah) has indeed taken your covenant, if you are real believers. "°° 

jgjQjUlP ljj-i qS- Iv^-o b) 5_i4ill f*y_ \y>y£> ^_jl b'j-g_i ^Jj I jj Ls iSijJ 

Jj«i Lr. liSU^sl ^-?J-*j jV 2Jji \:*-=j J3 ^ bjblj iJyil CM Ijiyu _jl 

j" ^ ^ 
3; Qji^J\ 



And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, 
from their loins, their seed (or from Adam's loin his offspring) and made 
them testify as to themselves (saying): "Am I not your Lord?" They said: 
"Yes! we testify, " lest you should say on the Day of Resurrection: "Verily, 
we have been unaware of this. " 

Or lest you should say: "It was only our fathers afortime who took others as 
partners in worship along with Allah, and we were (merely their) 
descendants after them; will You then destroy us because of the deeds of 
men who practised Al-Ba il (i.e. polytheism and committing crimes and 
sins, invoking and worshipping others besides Allah)?" (Tafsir 



14.8 Surah Al Najm (53), ayah 32. 

14.9 Surah Al Slwra (42), ayat 49-50. 
1500 Surah Al HadTd (57), ayah 8. 



Page I 525 



At-Tabari).'"" 

33:72-73 And 'mankind' has already been allocated Al-Amanah in order that 

they undertake their religious duties, however, there are many 
of 'mankind' who betray this trust. 

^ii;. ij tpU-^- - o' ^LJx\i Jl"~?>-"j a^J^i cj'^iiiJI Ji iSL.*ill HJ»Jp bl 

^0 6' :o II *0Jl OjuLj (;^;: Hy£>- La^aJJi 0^" -"^j (Jr—^' H^J ^ 

O-^-a J-«J I J j>Uw4 L«J I jip *CU I C_J ftXjJ C-^S^^^J Ij ^.^l^=yd-«J I • I " J 5 Oil 1 I Ij 

;^'~~; L«_j>-j Ij^jjLp <UJl O^j 

Truly, We did offer Al Amdnah (the trust or moral responsibility or honesty 
and all the duties which Allah has ordained) to the heavens and the earth, 
and the mountains, but they declined to bear it and were afraid of it (i.e. 
afraid of Allah 's torment). But man bore it. Verily, he was unjust (to 
himself) and ignorant (of its results). 

So that Allah will punish the hypocrites, men and women, and the men and 
women who are Al Mushrikun (the polytheists, idolaters, pagans, 
disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, and in His Messenger Mu ammad M). 
And Allah will pardon (accept the repentance of) the true believers of the 
Islamic Monotheism, men and women. And Allah is ever Oft Forgiving, 
Most Merciful. ml 

The World 

The Development of Mankind (Growth) 

22:5 A baby grows into maturity; some die and some live to senility. 



'& ' 



IJ 5 fljaj -^ Ij <_j \Ji -^ ^S^jjlU- b li CU*-J I A-a ^_~JJ <j j^S Q I ^ bj I Lgjbj 
lj\ pbii La ^> Wj"^l jj J^ijj j*50 ^ilJ dJLL< j^pj dJLL< ■*« }-■ * ^ja ^j d_al& ^a 

(i;T;:J rr^g ) r-jj J ^ — i ^? C-^J I j ^HjJ C^il sbaJl 1 g Jp UJjjl lili 3 -U La 

O mankind! If you are in doubt about the Resurrection, then Verily! We 
have created you (i.e. Adam) from dust, then from a Nufah (mixed drops of 



1 Surah Al A'raf(7), ayat 172-173. 

2 Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayat 72-73. 



Page | 526 



male and female sexual discharge i.e. offspring of Adam), then from a clot 
(a piece of thick coagulated blood) then from a little lump of flesh, some 
formed and some unformed (miscarriage), that we may make (it) clear to 
you (i.e. to show you Our power and ability to do what We will). And We 
Cause whom We will to remain in the wombs for an appointed term, then 
We bring you out as infants, then (give you growth) that you may reach your 
age of full strength. And among you there is he who dies (young), and 
among you there is he who is brought back to the miserable old age, so that 
he knows nothing after having known. And you see the earth barren, but 
when We send down water (rain) on it, it is stirred (to life), it swells and 
puts forth every lovely kind (of growth). 1 " 1 

16:78 A baby at birth knows nothing; 

And Allah has brought you out from the wombs of your mothers while you 
know nothing. And He gave you hearing, sight, and hearts that you might 
give thanks (to Allah)." 04 

30:54 from a state of weakness the baby grows strong, and in the end it 

becomes weak once again; 
1 6:70 there are those who also attain an advanced age, until ones appointed 

time is completed; according to the Allah's decision until one arrives 
6:60-61 at death, that is as brought about by His angels. 

35:11 



Allah is He who created you in (a state of) weakness, then gave you strength 
after weakness, then after strength gave (you) weakness and grey hair. He 
creates what He wills. And it is He who is the All Knowing, the 
All Powerful (i.e. able to do all things)."" 



ffj^jjii jyi '.oil oj 

And Allah has created you and then He will cause you to die, and of you 
there are some who are sent back to senility, so that they know nothing after 
having known (much). Truly! Allah is All-Knowing, All-Powerful." 06 



' Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 5. 
1 Surah Al Nahl (16), ayah 78. 
s Surah Al Rum (30), ayah 54. 
1 Surah Al Nahl (16), ayah 70. 



Page | 527 



Jot 

^ LaJ LLL*j <U5jj - , " J ^aJ I *5 JU>- 1 il> li] 7^>- Sjija_>- *5v-if- (L-Vj ^ 9 ?^ r 

It is He, who takes your souls by night (when you are asleep), and has 
knowledge of all that you have done by day, then He raises (wakes) you up 
again that a term appointed (your life period) be fulfilled, then in the end 
unto Him will be your return. Then He will inform you what you used to do. 
He is the Irresistible, Supreme over His slaves, and He sends guardians 
(angels guarding and writing all of one's good and bad deeds) over you, 
until when death approaches one of you, Our Messengers (angel of death 
and his assistants) take his soul, and they never neglect their duty. "° 7 

, , , l ^ , < ^ =£ 4^ * - *t * * * ,^ 

And A/ten rfirf create you ( Adam) from dust, Then from Nu fah (male and 
female discharge semen drops i.e. Adam's offspring), then He made you 
pairs (male and female). And no female conceives or gives birth, but with 
His knowledge. And no aged man is granted a length of life, nor is apart cut 
off from his life (or another man 's life), but is in a Book (Al Lau 
Al Ma fit ) surely, that is easy for Allah." " 

21:34-35 Nobody from 'mankind' lives forever. 

2i£jli ,j~iJ JS" Ujj Qjj\ii-\ *-$i o~« i^lil ol^JI f\\'Z -j* j&3 UULj- lVj 

And We granted not to any human being immortality before you (O 
Mu ammad M), then if you die, would they live forever? 
Everyone is going to taste death, and We shall make a trial of you with evil 
and with good, and to Us you will be returned." 09 

The Life of the World Continues Onward 



84:19 'Mankinds' passage throughout life passes from level to level; 

71:17-18 before they were nothing; after they were given life; then death; 



7 Surah Al An'am (6), ayat 60-61. 

! Surah Fatir [or Al Mala' ikah] (35), ayah 1 1 . 

' Surah Al 'Anbiya' (21), ayat 34-35. 



Page I 528 



22:66 afterwards life again (to be resurrected from the grave). 



i jjs ^ LLJ» cypj^ 



You shall certainly travel from stage to stage (in this life and in the 
Hereafter)."" 



And Allah has brought you forth from the (dust of) earth. [Tafsir At-Taban, 
Vol.29, Page 97]. 

Afterwards He will return you into it (the earth), and bring you forth (again 
on the Day of Resurrection)?"" 

ft is He, who gave you life, and then will Cause you to die, and will again 
give you life (on the Day of Resurrection). Verily! Man is indeed an 
ingrate."' 2 

45:24-26 Some of 'mankind' are of the opinion that there is only the life of this 

world. They are only presuming. 

iLU'ij A £ j J* Jiff •§] USQ£ Cj Uij ijlj' UiijT 13 Ui "5| ^» C Ijilij 

01 VJ ^-f^- b^" ^)^-£ t^i ji-^ jsj lijj JjJ b_H=J JJ i* bj j^ cr? 

And they say: "There is nothing but our life of this world, we die and we live 
and nothing destroys us except Ad-Dahr (the time). And they have no 
knowledge of it, they only conjecture. 

And when Our clear Verses are recited to them, their argument is no other 
than that they say: "Bring back our (dead) fathers, if you are truthful!" 
Say (to them): "Allah gives you life, then causes you to die, then He will 
assemble you on the Day of Resurrection about which there is no doubt. But 
most of mankind know not. """ 

29:19-20 Allah brought 'mankind' into being from the beginning, and 

afterwards Allah will bring this about again. 



' Surah Al lnshiqaq (84), ayah 19. 
1 Surah Nuh (71), ayat 17-18. 
' Surah Al Hajj (22), ayah 66. 
* Surah Al Jathiyah (45), ayat 24-26. 



Page | 529 






See they not how Allah originates creation, then repeats it. Verily, that is 
easy for Allah. 

Say: "Travel in the land and see how (Allah) originated creation, and then 
Allah will bring forth (resurrect) the creation of the Hereafter (i.e. 
Resurrection after death). Verily, Allah is Able to do All things. """ 



The Fitrah of 'mankind' 

30:30 According to 'Mankinds' fi rah, the worship of none but Allah 

alone, this/? rah can never be altered. 

*i)l jJiJ Jj^iiJ Si t^ic Jf-bJI ^Jai < _gJ I *il ii/^s Li~>- Oi^lj &^rs j&& 

So sef yow (O Mh ammad 0) your face towards the Deen (religion) of pure 
Islamic Monotheism anifa (worship none but Allah Alone) Allah 's Fitrah 
(i.e. Allah 's Islamic Monotheism), with which He has created mankind. No 
change let there be in Khalq illah (i.e. the Deen of Allah - Islamic 
Monotheism), that is the straight religion, but most of men know not. [Tafsir 
At TabarT, Vol 21, Page 41]"" 

16:78 'mankind' has been complemented with senses and two ways have 

17:36 been indicated to 'him', namely, 'Mankinds' soul is aware of the 

91:7-10 true (taqwa) path and the false (fukhura) path. 

' -j j f ~ ^ ^ - - ~ ^ f si f f is s 

And Allah has brought you out from the wombs of your mothers while you 
know nothing. And He gave you hearing, sight, and hearts that you might 
give thanks (to Allah)."" 1 

'iff - *** ** , ^ tf ^ * ~ ~ = ~ s 



il4 Surah Al ' Ankabut (29), ayat 19-20. 
il! Surah Al Rum (30), ayah 30. 
'•"' Surah Al Nahl (16), ayah 78. 



Page I 530 



And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not, etc.) that of 
which you have no knowledge (e.g. one's saying: "I have seen, " while in 
fact he has not seen, or "I have heard," while he has not heard). Verily! The 
hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned 
(by Allah).'" 7 

And fey iVo/i f Adam or a person or a soul, etc. ), and Him who perfected him 

in proportion; 

Then He showed him what is wrong for him and what is right for him; 

Indeed he succeeds who purifies his ownself (i.e. obeys and performs all 

that Allah ordered, by following the true faith of Islamic Monotheism and 

by doing righteous good deeds). 

And indeed he fails who corrupts his ownself (i.e. disobeys what Allah has 

ordered by rejecting the true faith of Islamic Monotheism or by following 

polytheism, etc. or by doing every kind of evil wicked deeds)."" 1 



2:256 Do not coerce 'mankind' into believing in the truth, 

10:99-100 because each soul of mankind' will bear its own responsibility. 

There is no compulsion in the Deen (religion). Verily, the right path has 
become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in aghut and 
believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that 
will never break. And Allah is All-Hearer, All-Knower."" 

And ««rf vowr Lord willed, those on earth would have believed, all of them 
together. So, will you (O Mu ammad 0) then compel mankind, until they 
become believers. 

It is not for any person to believe, except by the leave of Allah, and He will 
put the wrath on those who are heedless." 20 

18:29-30 The duty of those who believe is only to remind. 



Surah Al Isra' (17), ayah 36. 
' Surah Al Shams (91), ayat 7-10. 
' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 256. 
1 Surah YQnus (10), ayat 99-100. 



Page | 531 






^*** ******** 



'cr 1 /- 1 



And .say/ 'Toe Tnrfft is /rom your Lord. " Then whosoever wills, let him 
believe, and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve. Verily, We have prepared 
for the alimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.), a Fire whose walls will 
be surrounding them (disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah). And if they ask 
for help (relief, water, etc.) they will be granted water like boiling oil, that 
will scald their faces. Terrible the drink, and an evil Murtafaqd (dwelling, 
resting place, etc.)! 

Verily! As for those who believe and do righteous deeds, certainly! We shall 
not suffer to be lost the reward of anyone who does his (righteous) deeds in 
the most perfect manner." 2 ' 

74:38 And whomsoever diverts from the narrow path of truth then in 

20:124-125 the Hereafter they will be gathered together in a state of blindness. 

Every person is a pledge for what he has earned,.." 22 

Op \js-^-> <L*^S jJJ l?*-^' if i j^^~ j~. '—•'J u^ 

"But whosoever turns away from My Reminder (i.e. neither believes in this 
Qur an nor acts on its orders, etc.) Verily, for him is a life of hardship, and 
We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection. " 
He will say: "O my Lord! Why have you raised me up blind, while I had 
sight (before). "" 21 

The Reminder for 'mankind' is in order that they are not 
Remorseful 



Do not be deceived by the life of this world 



28:60-61 'Mankind' should not be deceived by the temporary life of this 

3 1 :33 world. This life is like the rain which fertilizes the plants for a 



l!21 Surah Al Kahf (18), ayat 29-30. 
" 21 Surah Al Muddaththir (74), ayah 38. 
I!23 Surah Ta Ha (20), ayat 124-125. 



Page I 532 



10:24 certain time and afterwards it is dry again. 

18:45 



Anrf whatever yon nave been given is an enjoyment of the life of (this) world 
and its adornment, and that (Hereafter) which is with Allah is better and 
will remain forever. Have you then no sense? 

Is he whom We have promised an excellent Promise (Paradise), which he 
will find true, like him whom We have made to enjoy the luxuries of the life 
of (this) world, then on the Day of Resurrection, he will be among those 
brought up (to be punished in the Hell-fire) ?'" 4 

O mankind! Be afraid of your Lord (by keeping your duty to Him and 
avoiding all evil), and fear a Day when no father can avail aught for his 
son, nor a son avail aught for his father. Verily, the Promise of Allah is true, 
let not then this (worldly) present life deceive you, nor let the chief deceiver 
(Satan) deceive you about Allah. "" 

^—Slb ^>2 p 0^ 1^"- L^*?^ 'jtr'i 1 SU ^1 U- 01 ^ ^IjJJr 115 

Ven7y Hie likeness of (this) worldly life is as the water (rain) which We send 
down from the sky, so by it arises the intermingled produce of the earth of 
which men and cattle eat until when the earth is clad with its adornments 
and is beautified, and its people think that they have all the powers of 
disposal over it, Our command reaches it by night or by Day and We make 
it like a clean-mown harvest, as if it had not flourished yesterday! Thus do 
We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, 
laws, etc.) in detail for the people who reflect." 26 



1 Surah Al Qasas (28), ayat 60-61. 
' Surah Luqman (31), ayah 33. 
' Surah Yiinus (10), ayah 24. 



Page I 533 



;™~ Ijjjll* sjgii Jj Zip <uji o^j r^^' a Jj*^ La-^^ ?^-_^>li 

And put forward to them the example of the life of this world, it is like the 
water (rain) which We send down from the sky, and the vegetation of the 
earth mingles with it, and becomes fresh and green. But (later) it becomes 
dry and broken pieces, which the winds scatter. And Allah is Able to do 
everything.' 527 

6:32 The life of this world is merely play or amusement which often 

29:64 deceives 'mankind' into being neglectful of the everlasting life of 

35:5 the Hereafter. 



And the life of this world is nothing but play and amusement. But far better 
is the House in the Hereafter for those who are Al Muttaqun. Will you not 
then understand?" 2 " 



(GO - . ■ J q-3-u«J I ftj) *- — ' 

And this life of the world is only amusement and play! Verily, the home of 
the Hereafter, that is the life indeed (i.e. the eternal life that will never end), 
if they but knew." 29 



O mankind! Verily, the Promise of Allah is true. So let not this present life 
deceive you, and let not the chief deceiver (Satan) deceive you about 
Allah."' 

41\S(> (Zuhd- the characteristic of renouncing and abstaining from the 

57:20 ways of this world) 

> ' '( '', , - > , i > ,,- >*' ■ , ,> r i> ,- - . I - ' , •- ,« 

The life of this world is but play and pastime, but if you believe (in the 



1 Surah Al Kahf (18), ayah 45. 

1 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 32. 

' Surah Al ' Ankabut (29), ayah 64. 

' Surah Fatir [or Al Mala ikah] (35), ayah 5. 



Page | 534 



Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism), and fear Allah, and avoid evil, He 
will grant you your wages, and will not ask you your wealth. 153 ' 

ij'j-a a I (5 jj Dsj j LSj_u jj-Lajj **-^u3 j-*3 '*— **^ W***^' ^^s-* 5 -" L«jl lj-«J^I 

^ ^ , „ „s, , ,, $>** 9i .. ., > ,,£„ 

1 ttdja^- 0_^-i (*-J I j ° ■/" * 4j/J «-^ rt-J j<GLj jLflSJl c_^>tpl CU^-t <Ji*5 Jlllj^lj 

Know ffotf rfie ftfe o/ fnis world is only play and amusement, pomp and 
mutual boasting among you, and rivalry in respect of wealth and children, 
as the likeness of vegetation after rain, thereof the growth is pleasing to the 
tiller; afterwards it dries up and you see it turning yellow; Then it becomes 
straw. But in the Hereafter (there is) a severe torment (for the disbelievers, 
evil-doers), and (there is) forgiveness from Allah and (His) good pleasure 
(for the believers, good-doers), whereas the life of this world is only a 
deceiving enjoyment." 12 

The Life of the Hereafter is far better and everlasting 

28:60-61 Is he whom We have promised an excellent promise, which he will 

42:36 find true, like him whom We have made to enjoy the luxuries of the 

87:17 life of (this) world, then on the Day of Resurrection, he will be 

among those brought up? 

i' J - °" - ' * gt f 

Anrf w/joteveryoH nave been given is an enjoyment of the life of (this) world 
and its adornment, and that (Hereafter) which is with Allah is better and 
will remain forever. Have you then no sense? 

Is he whom We have promised an excellent promise (Paradise), which he 
will find true, like him whom We have made to enjoy the luxuries of the life 
of (this) world, then on the Day of Resurrection, he will be among those 
brought up (to be punished in the Hell-fire) ?"-" 

l&'j \y~*\\ o^~^-[ l/h'3 J^~ ^' •^ J ? ^*3 L~ , - L '' <Sj^-l jjtiLfti sjgii -j* f^-Lj' ^^ 

CjJ OjKj^t ftp 



1531 Surah Muhammad (47), ayah 36. 
"" Surah Al Hadid (57), ayah 20. 
1533 Surah Al Qasas (28), ayat 60-61. 



Page | 535 



So whatever you have been given is but a passing enjoyment for this worldly 
life, but that which is with Allah (Paradise) is better and more lasting for 
those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) and put 
their trust in their Lord (concerning all of their affairs)." 14 



Although the Hereafter is better and more lasting."" 

Do not be deceived by this world 

13:26 Contentment with this world is a part of the benefit of the 

9:67-69 Hereafter. The Munafiqun, Mushrikun, Kafirln, and Fasiqun love 

14:2-3 the life of this world more than the life of the Hereafter. 
40:39 

(j Uj-tll 5^>JI Uj tljjjl a^I^JLj \js>~j3j J^-iJ cLiUi /yd (3_j J/J ' " ■ '; "wil 

Allah increases the provision for whom He wills, and straitens (it for whom 
He wills), and they rejoice in the life of the world, whereas the life of this 
world as compared with the Hereafter is but a brief passing enjoyment." 16 

^■J J , ■■ ' Oil ,,-Jo /J^O 1 ' tl 'I ^'jj ^p-*^- 1 ^ "^' 'j-~ J r*x*^' ■^J /** ; fljj ' 9j J(_«JI 

J_i I I^J l^= /*5Ul5 ^? ^_^J-^ V C^=' : ^^* ^ ' "^ J*"^ J *^ ' J> g ^ *^ j ^a g , *^>- 

, •- »' ' « i ", -,- . i - ' >* 

77ie hypocrites, men and women, are from one another, they enjoin (on the 
people) Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief and polytheism of all kinds and all that 
Islam has forbidden), and forbid (people) from Al-Ma ruf (i.e. Islamic 
Monotheism and all that Islam orders one to do), and they close their hands 
[from giving (spending in Allah's Cause) alms, etc.]. They have forgotten 
Allah, so He has forgotten them. Verily, the hypocrites are the Fasiqun 
(rebellious, disobedient to Allah). 



1534 Surah Al Shura (42), ayah 36. 

1535 Surah Al Ala (87), ayah 17. 
'"" Surah Al Rad (13), ayah 26. 



Page I 536 



Allah has promised the hypocrites; men and women, and the disbelievers, 
the Fire of Hell, therein shall they abide. It will suffice them. Allah has 
cursed them and for them is the lasting torment. 

Like those before you, they were mightier than you in power, and more 
abundant in wealth and children. They had enjoyed their portion awhile, so 
enjoy your portion awhile as those before you enjoyed their portion awhile; 
and you indulged in play and pastime (and in telling lies against Allah and 
His Messenger Mu ammad 0) as they indulged in play and pastime. Such 
are they whose deeds are in vain in this world and in the Hereafter. Such 
are they who are the losers." 17 

. i £ J- 

A/Zd/i to whom belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth! 
And woe unto the disbelievers from a severe torment. 
Those who prefer the life of this world instead of the Hereafter, and hinder 
(men) from the Path of Allah (i.e. Islam) and seek crookedness therein - they 
are far astray." 1 " 

"O my people! Truly, this life of the world is nothing but a (quick passing) 
enjoyment, and verily, the Hereafter that is the home that will remain 
forever. "'"' 

46:20 Their riches are only consumed extravagantly or out of 

27:65-66 self-enjoyment, and they are unwillingly charitable. 

^i£ tij ^i-\ JUj (j^j"^' ij OjLflSIiZj AaS U-> 0>f" CjI-Lp OjiJ^- r»j^JL9 

On rfie Z)av w/ien f/joie wfto disbelieve (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic 
Monotheism) will be exposed to the Fire (it will be said): "You received 
your good things in the life of the world, and you took your pleasure therein. 
Now this Day you shall be recompensed with a torment of humiliation, 
because you were arrogant in the land without a right, and because you 
used to rebel and disobey (Allah)." 40 



1 Surah Al Taubah (9), ayat 67-69. 

' Surah Ibrahim (14), ayat 2-3. 

' Surah Al Mumin [or GMfir] (40), ayah 39. 

J Surah Al Ahqaf (46), ayah 20. 



Page | 537 



dS bj->i i-S (>-* LP' •£■ ^ <4 p-» LP <b=r"2' 4 f4^f 4;' i ' J; © 

Say: "None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except 
Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall he resurrected. " 
Nay, they have no knowledge of the Hereafter. Nay, they are in doubt about 
it. Nay, they are blind about it.'"" 

30:7 Whereas they doubt the life of the Hereafter and they are neglectful 

of the coming of death. 

They know only the outside appearance of the life of the world {i.e. the 
matters of their livelihood, like irrigating or sowing or reaping, etc.), and 
they are heedless of the Hereafter."* 2 

17:18 Whomsoever only likes this world will have it hastened by Allah, 

11:15-16 but the happiness of the Hereafter will not be theirs. 

Lgjj^aj ±^>- ."*-! LdjL>- ^*J -Ljy ^«J sU~j La L^-j jdj LLL->tp 4j_^lijl J_)jj Qt ^ 



©'jj=- 



-La La a 



Whoever wishes for the quick-passing (transitory enjoyment of this world), 
We readily grant him what We will for whom We like. Then, afterwards, We 
have appointed for him Hell, he will burn therein disgraced and rejected, 
(far away from Allah 's Mercy)." 43 

Oy~^i M lljJ^AJ lljj ^-g-U-i-Pl '^jS\^iy L^iLjj Ljjjl 5_^iJI -L^J 0& Q* 

L. J^j tpj ij*^ L. -k~-j jilii *ij 5^- "Si (J ^-A j~J ^.JJi iXfi')\ {Jj 

Whosoever desires the life of the world and its glitter; to them We shall pay 

in full (the wages of) their deeds therein, and they will have no diminution 

therein. 

They are those for whom there is nothing in the Hereafter but fire; and vain 

are the deeds they did therein. And of no effect is that which they used to 

do." 44 

45:33-35 The punishment of Allah is allocated for those people who cheated 

17:10 within and mocked the benefits available in the life of this world; and 



1 Surah Al Naml (27), ayat 65-66. 

2 Surah Al Rum (30), ayah 7. 

' Surah Al Isra (17), ayah 18. 
' Surah Hud ( 11), ayat 15-16. 



Page I 538 



did not believe in the reality of the Hereafter. 



And the evil of what they did will appear to them, and they will he 

completely encircled by that which they used to mock at! 

And it will be said: "This Day We will forget you as you forgot the Meeting 

of This Day of yours. And your abode is the Fire, and there is none to help 

you. " 

This, because you took the revelations of Allah (this Qur an) in mockery, 

and the life of the world deceived you. So This day, they shall not be taken 

out from there (Hell), nor shall they be Yusta tabun (i.e. they shall not 

return to the worldly life, so that they repent to Allah, and beg His Pardon 

for their sins)."" 

(jjl UJI ISIJlc l_i lijiipl 5^ir*§tj Oy-fit "i OiJH O'j 

And that those who believe not in the Hereafter (i.e. they disbelieve that 
they will be recompensed for what they did in this world, good or bad, etc.), 
for them We have prepared a painful torment (Hell)." 46 

Reach for the happiness of the Hereafter with piety (taqwa) 

18:46 Acts of righteousness are better than a life in this world of 

43:35 continuous self-gratification; 

16:30-32 and the home in the Hereafter is better for those people who are 

righteous; 
44:51-56 they will never taste death therein, will enjoy eternal happiness, as 

51:15 a gift from Allah. 

S- ? „ - S , * € \* * -' J ' - " - t" * - '-'»"' ■* ■* %" 

Wealth and children are the adornment of the life of this world, but the good 
righteous deeds (five compulsory prayers, deeds of Allah's obedience, good 
and nice talk, remembrance of Allah with glorification, praises and thanks, 
etc. ), that last, are better with your Lord for rewards and better in respect of 
hope." 47 



1545 Surah Al Jathiyah (45), ayat 33-35. 
'*" Surah Al Isra (17), ayah 10. 
1547 Surah Al Kahf (18), ayah 46. 



Page I 539 



And adornments of gold. Yet all this (i.e. the roofs, doors, stairs, elevators, 
thrones etc. of their houses) would have been nothing but an enjoyment of 
this world. And the Hereafter with your Lord is only for the Muttaqun." 4 " 



tf_JJI 0<_jOLjs\ 41 1 ^ji-iUJ'jf ^jfLijiL. tpjp y£^l tf^-crf 



Ami (when) it is said to those who are the Muttaqun "What is it that your 
Lord has sent down ? " they say: "That which is good. " For those who do 
good in this world, there is good, and the home of the Hereafter will be 
better. And excellent indeed will be the home (i.e. Paradise) of the 
Muttaqun. 

Adn (Eden) Paradise (Gardens of Eternity) which they will enter, under 
which rivers flow, they will have therein all that they wish. Thus Allah 
rewards the Muttaqun. 

Those whose lives the angels take while they are in a pious state (i.e. pure 
from all evil, and worshipping none but Allah Alone) saying (to them): 
Salamun Alaikum (peace be on you) enter you Paradise, because of (the 
good) which you used to do (in the world). "'"" 






Verily! the Muttaqun, will be in place of security (Paradise). 

Among gardens and springs; 

Dressed in fine silk and (also) in thick silk, facing each other, 

so (it will be), and We shall marry them to Houris (female fair ones) with 

wide, lovely eyes. 

They will call therein for every kind of fruit in peace and security; 

they will never taste death therein except the first death (of this world), and 

He will save them from the torment of the blazing Fire,..' 5 " 




1548 Surah Al Zukhruf (43), ayah 35. 
'*" Surah Al Nahl (16), ayat 30-32. 
'"" Surah Al Dukhan (44), ayat 5 1-56. 



Page I 540 



3 Oy^-'i^^r 4 c»4^-" 0\ 

Verily, the Muttaqun will be in the midst of gardens and springs (in the 
Paradise),.."" 

53:29-30 It is therefore necessary to withdraw from those people who love this 

world only. 

fjjj i^jsjbl { y^ ! JJpl 'jj,j ^4^— q& J^i j^j Jpl 'jj, liLj q\ A*}\ 

Therefore withdraw (O Mu ammad 0)from him who turns away from Our 
Reminder (this Qur an) and desires nothing but the life of this world. 
That is what they could reach of knowledge. Verily, your Lord it is He who 
knows best him who goes astray from His path, and He knows best him who 
receives guidance.'" 2 



Barzakh - The Period between Death and Judgement 

Barzakh (£ j^W) means something which is located between two objects, or a 
barrier. The world of Barzakh (in the grave) is a specific place where 'mankind' remains 
until the arrival of the Day of Judgement. 

Every soul surely dies 

67:1-2 Every soul will surely taste death, without exception. 

i}^i-\j cJ^J\ ^jii- <_£JJI jfj^joi s^i, JS" {Jz 3-*j kilUJI oalj <_ja]l Ji'jJJ 

Blessed is He in whose Hand is the Dominion, and He is Able to do all 

things. 

Who has created death and life, that He may test you which of you is best in 

deed. And He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving;'" 1 

2 1 :34-35 Allah tests 'mankind' , both with what is good and with what is bad 

29:57 in order to establish the quality of their deeds upon this earth. 



'"' Surah Al Dhariyat (51), ayah 15. 

1552 Surah Al Najm (53), ayat 29-30. 

1553 Surah Al Mulk (67), ayat 1-2. 



Page | 541 



And We granted not to any human being immortality before you (O 
Mu ammad M), then if you die, would they live forever? 
Everyone is going to taste death, and We shall make a trial of you with evil 
and with good, and to Us you will be returned."' 4 



Everyone shall taste the death. Then unto Us you shall be returned. "" 

16:61 The deaths of 'mankind' cannot be anticipated nor delayed from 

23:43 their appointed times; when its time is due. 

15:5 

10:49 

And if Allah were to seize mankind for their wrong-doing, He would not 
leave on it (the earth) a single moving (living) creature, but He postpones 
them for an appointed term and when their term comes, neither can they 
delay nor can they advance it an hour (or a moment)."" 

e '% ' 

No nation can anticipate their term, nor can they delay it. "" 
No nation can anticipate its term, nor delay it. " ss 

Say (O M« ammad 0): "1 have no power over any harm or profit to myself 
except what Allah may will. For every ummah (a community or a nation), 
there is a term appointed; when their term is reached, neither can they 
delay it nor can they advance it an hour (or a moment). " (Tafsir 
Al-Qurtubl)."" 



554 Surah Al Anbiya" (21), ayat 34-35. 

555 Surah Al ' Ankabut (29), ayah 57. 

556 Surah Al Nahl (16), ayah 61. 

557 Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayah 43. 
" 8 Surah AlHijr (15), ayah 5. 

"' Surah YOnus (10), ayah 49. 



Page I 542 



'Mankind' cannot flee from their predestined hour of death 

62:8 Death surely comes, in spite of the fact that many of 'mankind' flee 

4:78 from it; even if contained within strong fortresses we do not know 

when or where we will die. 

- "-,' ,* ' *.* -i~ - - * -• 

Say (to them): "Verily, the death from which you flee will surely meet you, 
then you will he sent back to (Allah), the All-Knower of the unseen and the 
seen, and He will tell you what you used to do. """ 

"Wftere.«oever you may be, death will overtake you even if you are in 
fortresses built up strong and high! "And if some good reaches them, they 
say, "This is from Allah, " but if some evil befalls them, they say, "This is 
from you (O Mu ammad M). " Say: "All things are from Allah, " so what is 
wrong with these people that they fail to understand any word?"" 

3:145 Those with souls will die by Allah's will and death comes precisely 

16:61 when ordained. 

15:5 

And no person can ever die except by Allah 's leave and at an appointed 
term. And whoever desires a reward in (this) world, We shall give him of it; 
and whoever desires a reward in the Hereafter, We shall give him thereof. 
And We shall reward the grateful." 62 

And if Allah were to seize mankind for their wrong-doing, He would not 
leave on it (the earth) a single moving (living) creature, but He postpones 



1560 Surah Al Jumu'ah (62), ayah 8. 

1561 Surah Al Nisa' (4), ayah 78. 

1562 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 145. 



Page I 543 



them for an appointed term and when their term comes, neither can they 
delay nor can they advance it an hour (or a moment)."" 



No nation can anticipate its term, nor delay it. "" 
3:185 In the Hereafter alone are blessings completed for them. 

:™;: jjyJi ,*^-« "^! '-^■-Ji s^jiJi lij jli .lai iliji J-^-ilj jlLli 

Everyone shall taste death. And only on the Day of Resurrection shall you 
he paid your wages in full. And whoever is removed away from the Fire and 
admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful. The life of this world is only 
the enjoyment of deception (a deceiving thing)."" 

3:154 People who are to die are killed and even they cannot avert their 

3:168 deaths. 



^■~"-S-ft I jJ djLiUsj *5*J~a d_fl_ilis ,-idu l~vl*j <LL« I j^ju I JjtJ -jA *3\-l£. ijjjl (^J 

Cxi ■/""*' Cxi J"* ^-l^i** 34)^?«J ' Cr° O^ ' J** ^^ ^-jy-^- f-t"^ ' 
ll) of "y> 05>5*-> -33J cy- 1 -! "^ L" tn-^' Li 0>^" **! jaIS'j^MI o! J^ s cs-" 
Jli) I (i-ji s~S" JirJ 1 1/P f^Lfcrf 4 j^ 5 "^ J 5 ^*-» L%3 L» »(^ j-^ 1 J^ 

77ien after the distress, He sent down security for you. Slumber overtook a 
party of you, while another party was thinking about themselves (as how to 
save their ownselves, ignoring the others and the Prophet M) and thought 
wrongly of Allah - the thought of ignorance. They said, "Have we any part 
in the affair?" Say you (O Mu ammad M): "Indeed the affair belongs 
wholly to Allah. " They hide within themselves what they dare not reveal to 
you, saying: "If we had anything to do with the affair, none of us would 
have been killed here. " Say: "Even if you had remained in your homes, 
those for whom death was decreed would certainly have gone forth to the 
place of their death, " but that Allah might test what is in your breasts; and 
to Ma i (to purge or remove all the impurities) that which was in your 
hearts (sins), and Allah is All Knower of what is in (your) breasts."" 



> Surah AlNahl (16), ayah61. 
1 Surah AlHijr (15), ayah 5. 
s Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 185. 
5 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 154. 



Page | 544 



(They are) the ones who said about their killed brethren while they 
themselves sat (at home): "If only they had listened to us, they would not 
have been killed. " Say: "Avert death from your ownselves, if you speak the 
truth. """ 



The 'life' in Barzakh 

40:41-46 After death, 'mankind' will dwell in Barzakh (in the grave). In the 

grave the souls of 'mankind' will realize the truth as promised by 
Allah. 

ffjyii)l jjjiJI JJ l^=_jiil lilj lip ^o J J-J li ^4j ilyilj Jttl>ji^-=Sl 




"And O my people! How is it that I call you to salvation while you call me to 

the Fire! 

"You invite me to disbelieve in Allah (and in His Oneness), and to join 

partners in worship with Him; of which I have no knowledge, and I invite 

you to the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving! 

"No doubt you call me to (worship) one who cannot grant (me) my request 

(or respond to my invocation) in this world or in the Hereafter. And our 

return will be to Allah, and Al-Musrifun (i.e. polytheists and arrogants, 

those who commit great sins, the transgressors of Allah 's set limits)! They 

shall be the dwellers of the Fire! 

"And you will remember what I am telling you, and my affair I leave it to 

Allah. Verily, Allah is the All-Seer of (His) slaves. " 

So Allah saved him from the evils that they plotted (against him), while an 

evil torment encompassed Fir aun 's (Pharaoh) people. 

The fire; they are exposed to it, morning and afternoon, and on the Day 

when the Hour will be established (it will be said to the angels): "Cause 



1 Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 168. 

Page | 545 



Fir aun's (Pharaoh) people to enter the severest torment!"' 56 ' 

23:99-100 For those people who were/are evil the torture of Hell will already be 

revealed to them from morning till night. 

Z E- S - E i 



; 



Until, when death comes to one of them (those who join partners with 
Allah), he says: "My Lord! Send me back, 

"So that I may do good in that which I have left behind! " No! it is but a 
word that he speaks, and behind them is Barzakh (a barrier) until the Day 
when they will be resurrected."" 



The length of time spent in Barzakh 

20:100-104 Life in Barzakh will continue until the Day of Resurrection. 

^77:; \-°*ji "b/J J*^hJ O! ^H^ 

Whoever turns away from it (this Qur an i.e. does not believe in it, nor acts 

on its orders), verily, they will bear a heavy burden (of sins) on the Day of 

Resurrection, 

They will abide in that (state in the Fire of Hell), and evil indeed will it be 

that load for them on the Day of Resurrection; 

The Day when the trumpet will be blown (the second blowing): that day, We 

shall gather the Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners, disbelievers in 

the Oneness of Allah, etc.) Zurqa: (blue or blind eyed with blackfaces). 

In whispers will they speak to each other (saying): "You stayed not longer 

than ten (days). " 

We know very well what they will say, when the best among them in 

knowledge and wisdom will say: "You stayed no longer than a day!"" 7 " 

23:112-114 On the Day of Resurrection 'mankind' will then assuredly realize 

that the life of the world is not long as compared to the life of the 
Hereafter. 



1568 Surah Al Mu'min [or Ghafir] (40), ayat 41-46. 
I!69 Surah Al Mu'minun (23), ayat 99-100. 
1570 Surah Ta Ha (20), ayat 100-104. 



Page | 546 



//<? (Allah) will say: "What number of years did you stay on earth ? " 
They will say: "We stayed a day or part of a day. Ask of those who keep 
account. " 
He (Allah) will say: "You stayed not but a little, if you had only known!"" 

79:46 Those people who commit sins state that the life of the world is 

10:45-46 only ten days, a day, or half a day; but in truth it is only a fleeting 

17:52 moment in the afternoon, early morning, or late morning, in the 

30:55-57 eyes of man. 'mankind' will be in the grave until the coming of the 

Day of Resurrection. 

. '. ,t i4 . i . >' - „,, . . «fc 

The Day they see it, (it will be) as if they had not tarried (in this world) 
except an afternoon or a morning." 72 

, .'■- . . - E .,,*,„ *-„•»'„,<. ',*, * (' ',>'-,, 

And on ine Ztoy wnen //e s/ia// gather (resurrect) them together, (it will be) 
as if they had not stayed (in the life of this world and graves, etc.) but an 
hour of a day. They will recognise each other. Ruined indeed will be those 
who denied the Meeting with Allah, and were not guided. 
Whether We show you (in your lifetime, O Mu ammad M) some of what We 
promise them (the torment), - or We cause you to die, - still unto Us is their 
return, and moreover Allah is witness over what they used to do." 73 

(JfJ ^LJi "3 1 JiiiyJ 0! bj - r>< j ^oJ-i£ ^jyy^Zci iS'jijS '?y_ 

On the Day when He will call you, and you will answer (His Call) with 
(words of) His praise and obedience, and you will think that you have 
stayed (in this world) but a little while!" 74 

^ , «.,, ,., ' - ,*■ , , '.>-,,>,>*- *>>**>>',* 

- ,■ u , .•* - t - ,*-,-- ~ • •- . > i «• - 

^y_ IJti^j ii~v-)l fji jj Jjii r ^5' l _! juiJ jjl) £^j^|ij il*Ji ijjji ^i-iji Jlij 



1571 Surah AIMuminun (23), ayat 112-114. 
'" 2 Surah Al Nazi'at (79), ayah 46. 
1573 Surah Yunus (10), ayat 45-46. 
'" 4 Surah Al Isra' (17), ayah 52. 



Page | 547 



And on fne Day ttW tfie ffoiw wi7/ foe established, the Mujrimun (criminals, 
disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.) will swear that they stayed not but an 
hour, thus were they ever deluded [away from the truth (i.e they used to tell 
lies and take false oaths, and turn away from the truth) in this life of the 
world)]. 

And those who have been bestowed with knowledge and faith will say: 
"Indeed you have stayed according to the decree of Allah, until the Day of 
Resurrection, so this is the Day of Resurrection, but you knew not. " 
So on that Day no excuse of theirs will avail those who did wrong (by 
associating partners in worship with Allah, and by denying the Day of 
Resurrection), nor will they be allowed (then) to return to seek Allah 's 
pleasure (by having Islamic faith with righteous deeds and by giving up 
polytheism, sins and crimes with repentance)."" 



The Hereafter 



Parables that confirm the event of the Day of Resurrection 

7:57 The Day of Resurrection, the resurrection of 'mankind' from their 

35:9 graves, is similar to the issue of Allah starting life from an already 

43:11 lifeless world. 



r-ji- ^"ll'.'ft cj'j*il\ JS q* ^-> li^i-li ;l_Dl *j IDjjli o~l« ^Q auJL« 

And it is He who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before 
His Mercy (rain). Till when they have carried a heavy laden cloud, We 
drive it to a land that is dead, then We cause water (rain) to descend 
thereon. Then We produce every kind of fruit therewith. Similarly, We shall 
raise up the dead, so that you may remember or take heed. "" 

•*-*->. iy°J*&\ i->. 1-4^^ '~~r A :W iil AlliuJ uttff jz~3 7^-Q^ J— 0' <i~d' *"lj 

And it is Allah who sends the winds, so that they raise up the clouds, and We 
drive them to a dead land, and revive therewith the earth after its death. As 



' Surah Al Rum (30), ayat 55-57. 
s SurahAIAraf(7), ayah 57. 



Page I 548 



such (will be) the Resurrection!" 77 

And who sends down water (rain) from the sky in due measure. Then We 
revive a dead land therewith, and even so you will be brought forth (from 
the dead),.." 7 " 



50:9-1 1 Allah will resurrect all of 'mankind' just as the creation and 

30:50 resurrection of one soul. 






And We .send down blessed water (rain) from the sky, then We produce 
therewith gardens and grain (every kind of harvests) that are reaped. 
And tall date-palms, with ranged clusters; 

A provision for (Allah's) slaves. And We give life therewith to a dead land. 
Thus will be the Resurrection (of the dead)." 7 ' 



l£yj\ ( _^J _2TJJ'i oj \~y ^(l^j^ 1 L /-'^J^= *Dlc-£-j>5l; l^'Jfr^ 

Look then at the effects (results) of Allah 's Mercy, how He revives the earth 
after its death. Verily! that (Allah) who revived the earth after its death 
shall indeed raise the dead (on the Day of Resurrection), and He is Able to 
do all things.""" 



3 1 :28 Such an issue is effortless for Allah. 



; : 



The creation of you all and the resurrection of you all are only as (the 
creation and resurrection of) a single person. Verily, Allah is All Hearer, 
AllSeer.""' 



Those who do not believe in the life of the Hereafter 



577 Surah Fatir [or Al Mala' ikah] (35), ayah 9. 

578 Surah Al Zukhruf (43), ayah 1 1. 

579 Surah Qaf(50), ayat 9-11. 
!S0 Surah Al Rum (30), ayah 50. 
!S1 Surah Luqman (31), ayah 28. 



Page | 549 



16:38-39 There are many of 'mankind' who do not believe in the life of the 

Hereafter. 

And they swear by Allah their strongest oaths, that Allah will not raise up 
him who dies. Yes, (He will raise them up), a Promise (binding) upon Him 
in truth, but most of mankind know not. 

In order that He may make manifest to them the Truth of that wherein they 
differ, and that those who disbelieved (in Resurrection, and in the Oneness 
of Allah) may know that they were liars." 82 

1 7:49-52 They deride and ridicule the Prophets and those people who bring 

1 7:98-99 the reminder to believe in Allah and believe in the Last Day. 

IjjjS" Iji <» JgJ; Idjdr- Liii- QjjjuIaI Lis! K-Jjj U-JiP US* li;i IjJLsj 

And they say: "When we are bones and fragments (destroyed), should we 

really be resurrected (to be) a new creation?" 

Say (O Mu ammad M) "Be you stones or iron, " 

"Or some created thing that is yet greater (or harder) in your breasts 

(thoughts to be resurrected, even then you shall be resurrected) " Then, they 

will say: "Who shall bring us back (to life)?" Say: "He who created you 

first!" Then, they will shake their heads at you and say: "When will that 

be ?" Say: "Perhaps it is near!" 

On the Day when He will call you, and you will answer (His Call) with 

(words of) His praise and obedience, and you will think that you have 

stayed (in this world) but a little while!"" 

QjjjjCyiJ bpl &JJJ La-JiP US lijl Ij-'^J UjUjtL Ijjj-fiS jt-gjU (i-*3'j?- liiJ'i 



' Surah Al Nahl (16), ayat 38-39. 
' Surah Al Isra (17), ayat 49-52. 



Page I 550 



77jaf /.s their recompense, because they denied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, 
verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and said: "When we are bones and 
fragments, shall we really be raised up as a new creation?" 
See they not that Allah, who created the heavens and the earth, is able to 
create the like of them. And He has decreed for them an appointed term, 
whereof there is not doubt. But the alimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, 
etc.) refuse (the Truth - the message of Islamic Monotheism, and accept 
nothing) but disbelief. " SJ 

1 9:66-68 Their words belie that their doubt and incertitude. 



Jt g V^a^cjJ ^j CX-P"': ' '3 r*-$- , _/*-^ t: -' * *'l)J$ C^iJ: b~i^ ^-b J*JJ <_}I3 ^? <uxjtli>- 

>-— ,, t £ '. ' ' ' I* ' 

>£ s W? f^~ oy 

And man (the disbeliever) says: "When I am dead, shall I then be raised up 

alive?" 

Does not man remember that We created him before, while he was nothing ? 

So by your Lord, surely, We shall gather them together, and (also) the 

Shava in (devils) (with them), then We shall bring them round Hell on their 

knees." 8 ' 

21:1-3 What are they asking (one another)? About the great news, 

2 1 :37-40 About which they are in disagreement. 

27:65-66 Nay, they will come to know! 

78:1-5 Nay, again, they will come to know! 

Draws near for mankind their Reckoning, while they turn away in 

heedlessness. 

Comes not unto them an admonition (a chapter of the Qur an) from their 

Lord as a recent revelation but they listen to it while they play, 

with their hearts occupied (with evil things) those who do wrong, conceal 

their private counsels, (saying): "Is this (Mu ammad 0) more than a 

human being like you? Will you submit to magic while you see it?"'"" 



1 Surah Al Isra (17), ayat 98-99. 
! Surah Maryam (19), ayat 66-68. 
'' Surah Al 'Anbiya' (21), ayat 1-3. 



Page I 551 



Man ;'.s created of haste, I will show you My Ayat (torments, proofs, 

evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.). So ask Me not to hasten 

(them). 

And they say: "When will this promise (come to pass), if you are truthful. " 

If only those who disbelieved knew (the time) when they will not he able to 

ward off the Fire from their faces, nor from their backs; and they will not be 

helped. 

Nay, it (the Fire or the Day of Resurrection) will come upon them all of a 

sudden and will perplex them, and they will have no power to avert it, nor 

will they get respite.' 1 " 7 

> , , , a , ,*, , S« - * ,*,*- i - , . ', , < ; 

,,,,„, , u „ . - , , *. , V ,,' . ^ 

C|3 ^>** \£i r* 1^ ^ if*- 5, <4 r* U5 L^^" <4 f-^- 1 ? 43^' J! © 

Say: "None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except 
Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected. " 
Nay, they have no knowledge of the Hereafter. Nay, they are in doubt about 
it. Nay, they are blind about it."" 8 

What are they asking (one another)? 

About the great news, (i.e. Islamic Monotheism, the Qur an, which Prophet 

Mu ammad Mbrought and the Day of Resurrection, etc.), 

About which they are in disagreement. 

Nay, they will come to know! 

Nay, again, they will come to know!" 1 " 

32:10 Qaf. By the Glorious Quran. 

34:7-9 Nay, they wonder that there has come to them a warner from among 

37:11-19 themselves. So the disbelievers say: "This is a strange thing! 

44:34-37 When we are dead and have become dust (shall we be resurrected?) 

45:24-26 That is a far return" 

50:1-5 We know that which the earth takes of them (their dead bodies), and 

56:42-56 with Us is a Book preserved (i.e. Book of Decrees). 



I!8 ' Surah Al 'Anbiya' (21), ayat 37-40. 

1588 Surah Al Naml (27), ayat 65-66. 

1589 Surah Al Naba' (78), ayat 1-5. 



Page | 552 



64:7 Nay, but they have denied the truth (this Quran) when it has come to 

them, so they are in a confused state (cannot differentiate between 
right and wrong). 

And they say: "When we are (dead and become) lost in the earth, shall we 
indeed he recreated anew?" Nay, but they deny the Meeting with their 
Lord!" 90 

-T? . g-fll>- L»j L^jdjl <^U Ls /JJ IjjjJ jUsI (?TJ : -UaJI J ' I ^ 1 1 j *_jlj_*Jl 
sLa-Ul ,-r? 1 A ■■■; %~r)^ ^ " ^ J I (J^O*^' r""^ s_P -'^- Lio o! (J^'j'^'i gl » ■■■)! 

@y^ ^i JS3 4j"5 -3H)'i ^ o] 

Those who disbelieve say: "Shall we direct you to a man (Mu ammad "M) 

who will tell you (that) when you have become fully disintegrated into dust 

with full dispersion, then, you will be created (again) anew?" 

Has he (Mu ammad M) invented a lie against Allah, or is there a madness 

in him ? Nay, but those who disbelieve in the Hereafter are (themselves) in a 

torment, and in far error. 

See they not what is before them and what is behind them, of the heaven and 

the earth ? If We will, We shall sink the earth with them, or cause a piece of 

the heaven to fall upon them. Verily, in this is a sign for every faithful 

believer that [believes in the Oneness of Allah], and turns to Allah (in all 

affairs with humility and in repentance)."" 

S- C& VJ*^ C^f O? f 1 g ^ o lr>- bl liilj- ^ j»l tali- J_il *J>\ 'L^JisZjih 
(JfJ Qjj^ZsZj *jU IjIj lilj (jjj OjljS'^J Si Ijjfi lilj icf; : ; QjyiiZS) <lZ~*s. 

(Jfj QyytL-J tijl UJiPJ bly USj llL li;l >'T. CX^'j^~? '! ' - L -* OJ IjJ Ls j 

> lilj SOa-'j °j>-j ^? Lijp (JjJ Oj.^'- 3 p-^'j rt-*J LP* £15 Oj-b"^' bjbUjI 

77ien a.vfc tfiem (i.e. these polytheists, O Mu ammad M): "Are they stronger 
as creation, or those (others like the heavens and the earth and the 
mountains, etc.) whom We have created?" Verily, We created them of a 
sticky clay. 
Nay, you (O Mu ammad M) wondered (at their insolence) while they mock 



' Surah Al Sajdah (32), ayah 10. 
1 Surah Al Saba' (34), ayal 7-9. 



Page I 553 



(at you and at the Qur an). 

And when they are reminded, they pay no attention. 

And when they see an Ayah (a sign, a proof, or an evidence) from Allah, 

they mock at it. 

And they say: "This is nothing but evident magic! 

"When we are dead and have become dust and bones, shall we (then) Verily 

be resurrected? 

"And also our fathers of old? " 

Say (O Mu ammad M): "Yes, and you shall then be humiliated. " 

It will be a single Zajrah [shout (i.e. the second blowing of the Trumpet)], 

and behold, they will be staring!" 92 



\y\i ((gj o^i^ Jl- L.J Jj-ill buu> H\ j> o) ©oy^s'^oj 

1^1 auSUj&i Alii ^ o^'J & f£ ^J^~ <*-*' '''£l' : cyk^ J*^-^ o! ^L>LL 

Verily, these (Quraish) people are saying: 

"There is nothing but our first death, and we shall not be resurrected. 

"Then bring back our fore-fathers, if you speak the truth!" 

Are they better or the people of Tubba and those before them? We 

destroyed them because they were indeed Mujrimun (disbelievers, 

polytheists, sinners, criminals, etc.)." 91 

iLU'ij A £ j jioil •§! Usb£ IV, Uij ijii Up 111 L3L>- "5 1 ^» £ Ijflij 
0l VJ ^-t^ 5 - b^" Ll)^^J l^jli '<*4&- Q£j lijj JjJ b_H=J SfJ > bj >»%■ o^ 

^ji^jf? lj Ja5sl~«_) lj 'Ss-^-" *UJl (Jj (;'";: ^S J^o J^jS q[ Luul±j la^jl I Jli 

gjj b>^*j Si (j-Lji j?-^=i j^-ij <j> CJ{j Si i^i 5 -" fjj i)i 

And they say: "There is nothing but our life of this world, we die and we live 
and nothing destroys us except Ad-Dahr (the time). And they have no 
knowledge of it, they only conjecture. 

And when Our clear Verses are recited to them, their argument is no other 
than that they say: "Bring back our (dead) fathers, if you are truthful!" 
Say (to them): "Allah gives you life, then causes you to die, then He will 
assemble you on the Day of Resurrection about which there is no doubt. But 
most of mankind know not. """ 

,~fl •" La Ludp di (;'";:: -Lju A-?-j *2AJ'i uly L\5J t-~? '^;' Ci= : ^— -^^ ^(V" 



15.2 Surah Al SafHt (37), ayat 1 1-19. 

15.3 Surah Al Dukhan (44), ayat 34-37. 
""* Surah Al Jathiyah (45), ayat 24-26. 



Page | 554 






go/! [These letters (Qdf, etc.) are one of the miracles of the Qur n, andnone 
but Allh (Alone) knows their meanings]. 

Nay, they wonder that there has come to them a warner (Mu ammad M) 
from among themselves. So the disbelievers say: "This is a strange thing! 
"When we are dead and have become dust (shall we be resurrected?). That 
is afar return." 

We know that which the earth takes of them (their dead bodies), and with us 
is a Book preserved (i.e. the Book of Decrees). 

Nay, but they have denied the Truth (this Qur an) when it has come to them, 
so they are in a confused state (can not differentiate between right and 
wrong)." 9 ' 



■Lu\ 'iS* C2j! O^b"^' ^jlj'sji C5S Gyy^-*1 Lj 5 T UJipj C\jj USj *-~? 

In fierce hot wind and boiling water, 

and shadow of black smoke, 

(that shadow) neither cool, nor (even) good, 

verily, before that, they indulged in luxury, 

and were persisting in great sin (joining partners in worship along with 

Allah, committing murders and other crimes, etc.) 

and they used to say: "When we die and become dust and bones, shall we 

then indeed be resurrected? 

"And also our forefathers? " 

Say (O Mu ammad 0): "(Yes) Verily, those of old, and those of later times. 

"All will surely be gathered together for appointed Meeting of a known 

Day. 

"Then moreover, verily, you the erring-ones, the deniers (of Resurrection)! 

"You verily will eat of the trees of'Zaqqum. 

"Then you will fill your bellies therewith, 

"And drink boiling water on top of it, 

"so you will drink (that) like thirsty camels! " 



'' Surah Qaf (50), ayat 1-5. 

Page | 555 



That will be their entertainment on the Day of Recompense!""' 

Jp liU'ij joLP U., oj^- 1 |*j cr*^ 1 ii=3i <>i li 5 'j**^ cP 1 [iA jjoJI ^j 

JvJ jy~± All I 

77ie disbelievers pretend that they will never be resurrected (for the 
account). Say (O Mu ammad M): "Yes! by my Lord, you will certainly be 
resurrected, then you will be informed of (and recompensed for) what you 
did, and that is easy for Allah."'" 

75:1-5 They say: "Shall we indeed be returned to (our) 

78:1-5 former state of life? 

79:10-14 "Even after we are crumbled bone?" 






/ .swear fry the Day of Resurrection; 

and I swear by the self-reproaching person (a believer). 

Does man (a disbeliever) think that We shall not assemble his bones? 

Yes, We are able to put together in perfect order the tips of his fingers. 

Nay! (man denies Resurrection and reckoning. So) he desires to continue 

committing sins."" 



What are they asking (one another)? 

About the great news, (i.e. Islamic Monotheism, the Qur an, which Prophet 

Mu ammad (M)brought and the Day of Resurrection, etc.), 

about which they are in disagreement. 

Nay, they will come to know! 

Nay, again, they will come to know!"" 

77ie;y .say/ "Shall we indeed be returned to (our) former state of life? 
"Even after we are crumbled bones?" 



' Surah Al Waqi'ah (56), ayat 42-56. 
1 Surah Al Taghabun (64), ayah 7. 
* Surah Al Qiyamah (75), ayat 1-5. 
' Surah Al Naba' (78), ayat 1-5. 



Page I 556 



Tliey say: "It would in that case, be a return with loss!" 

But only, it will be a single Zajrah [shout (i.e., the second blowing of the 

Trumpet)]. (See Verse 37:19). 

When, behold, they find themselves over the earth alive after their 

death,.."" 



Only Allah knows when the Last Day will come 

7:187-188 They ask you about the Hour (Day of Resurrection): "When will be 

its appointed time?" 
27:65 Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). None can 

reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens and 
3 1 :34 the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden." 

33:63 They ask you as if you have a good knowledge of it. 

34:29-30 Say: "the knowledge thereof is with Allah (Alone) but most 

of 'mankind' know not." 
42:17-18 Say: "I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself except as Allah 

wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib, I should have secured for 
42:47 myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. 

53:58 I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who 

79:44 believe." 

;•"* ., < . . *(- . .. k , *■*,-, *>%>'*■ e~ - ,->:^ 

lS ~. kj dlU ^ Ji j'l'J; Oj-U»j "^ ,j-"LL|I _r-^=' cP^i *&' ^f *4-^f ^! 

l_.j JcLlI {j* ^Jj^d=>LL^i <_L_iJI jJ-\ >Z^S *j)j Jjl jli L. "^J 1^ Slj liii 

77iev a.s£: vow about the Hour (Day of Resurrection): "When will be its 
appointed time?" Say: "The knowledge thereof is with my Lord (Alone). 
None can reveal its time but He. Heavy is its burden through the heavens 
and the earth. It shall not come upon you except all of a sudden. " They ask 
you as if you have a good knowledge of it. Say: "The knowledge thereof is 
with Allah (Alone) but most of mankind know not. " 

Say (O Mu ammad 0): "I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself 
except as Allah wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib (unseen), I should 
have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have 
touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people 
who believe. " ,m 



' Surah Al Nazi' at (79), ayat 10-14. 
1 Surah Al A'raf(7), ayat 187-188. 



Page | 557 






Say: "None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghaib (unseen) except 
Allah, nor can they perceive when they shall be resurrected. " ,6 ° 2 

^,. 0'' (_£j-^J b*j ^Wj^l <J b» ^aijUJ ^-^*Jl ^j ^pLUl ^JLf- jOJUP *0Jl ^] 

^77: : j^j- J>-i& *0JI oj <^j-*j ir^j' c^^ fV-^ <-£j-^ ^J '-^ ^U^^^j liU 

Verify, Allah! with Him {Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends 
down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows 
what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. 
Verily, Allah is All Knower, All Aware (of things). 16 '" 

, >--. 'o ,' - ,, S'- ->' ,'• >*" , ■■ - *'.>., 

People ask you concerning the Hour, say: "The knowledge of it is with 
Allah only. What do you know? It may be that the Hour is near!""" 4 

And they say: "When is this Promise (i.e. the Day of Resurrection will be 
fulfilled) if you are truthful?" 

Say (O Mu ammad M): "The appointment to you is for a day, which you 
cannot put back for an hour (or a moment) nor put forward. """' 

It is Allah who has sent down the Book (the Qur an) in truth, and the 
balance (i.e. to act justly). And what can make you know that perhaps the 
Hour is close at hand? 

Those who believe not therein seek to hasten it, while those who believe are 
fearful of it, and know that it is the very truth. Verily, those who dispute 
concerning the Hour are certainly in error far away. "•"• 

602 Surah Al Naml (27), ayah 65. 
Surah Luqman (31), ayah 34. 
Surah Al Ahzab (33), ayah 63. 
Surah Saba' (34), ayat 29-30. 
Surah Al Shura (42), ayat 17-18. 



Page I 558 



Atone besides Allah can avert it, (or advance it, or delay it)."' 7 
To yowr Lord belongs (the knowledge of) the term thereof? 160 " 

The Names for the Day of Resurrection 



Arabic name 


Transliteration 


English name 


Ayah/Ayat 


Wj^L'jii 


Al-Yaum-il Qiyamah 


The Day of Resurrection 


75:1-6 



/ .swear by the Day of Resurrection; 

and I swear by the self reproaching person (a believer). 

Does man (a disbeliever) think that We shall not assemble his bones? 

Yes, We are able to put together in perfect order the tips of his fingers. 

Nay! (man denies Resurrection and Reckoning, so) he desires to continue 

committing sins. 

He asks: "When will be This Day of Resurrection?" 16 '" 



yj$j±H'\ 


Al-Yaum-al Akhir 


The Last Day 


60:4-6 



sja ^jjI ^ja lLU dXUI Laj kill 0/^-~"^ ^h"^ £^1h! J3^ "^1 ja -^~i ^^j LjrJj-' 



1607 Surah Al Najm (53), ayah 58. 

1608 Surah Al Nazi'at (79), ayah 44. 

1609 Surah Al Qiyamah (75), ayat 1-6. 



Page I 559 



S { J . ... ...(,,■'1^....,, 

Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in 'Ibrahim (Abraham) 
and those with him, when they said to their people: "Verily, we are free 
from you and whatever you worship besides Allah, we have rejected you, 
and there has started between us and you, hostility and hatred for ever, 
until you believe in Allah Alone, " except the saying of 'Ibrahim (Abraham) 
to his father: "Verily, I will ask for forgiveness (from Allah) for you, but I 
have no power to do anything for you before Allah. " Our Lord! In You 
(alone) we put our trust, and to You (alone) we turn in repentance, and to 
You (alone) is (our) final return, 

"Our Lord! Make us not a trial for the disbelievers, and forgive us, our 
Lord! Verily, You, Only You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. " 
Certainly, there has been in them an excellent example for you to follow, for 
those who look forward to (the Meeting with) Allah (for the reward from 
Him) and the Last Day. and whosoever turn away, then Verily, Allh is Rich 
(free of all wants), Worthy of All praise.' 610 



£jj^ji A Jjjl 


Al-Yaum-ul Din 


The Day of Recompense 


51:12 



3 oi.-J' fy. oty o)^-i 

They ask; "When will be the Day of Recompense?"' 6 " 



jj '■ — »" a'jjjl 


Al-Yaum-il Fasl 


The Day of Sorting out 


77:13-14 



For the Day of sorting out (the men of Paradise from the men destined for 

Hell). 

And what will explain to you what is the Day of Sorting out?' 6 ' 2 



jeSJi f'jA) 


Al-Yaum-al Fath 


The Day of Decision 


32:29 



il0 Surah Al Mumtahinah (60),ayat 4-6. 
in Surah Al Dharivat (51), ayah 12. 
il! Surah Al Mursalat (77), ayat 13-14. 



Page | 560 



@5 OjJ*H > *^5 }V'4 $J^ ij-^ £f-H y J^-aJl 'fy ifi 

Say: "On the Day of Al Fat (Decision), no profit will it be to those who 
disbelieve if they {then) believe! Nor will they be granted a respite. """ 



i pS&^'JA\ 


Al-Yaum-al Talaq 


The Day of Mutual 
Meeting 


40:15 



(7/e is Allah) Owner of High ranks and Degrees, the Owner of the throne. 
He sends the inspiration by His command to any of His slaves He wills, that 
he (the person who receives inspiration) may warn (men) of the Day of 
Mutual Meeting (i.e. the Day of Resurrection).'" 4 



p J-0 ^.-Q a yA\ 


Al-Yaum-ul Majmu' 


The Day of Gathering 


11:103 



fy ^i-U'ij m-"^' aJ f y*£- fy. *lAJ'i %J~y\ Cj>\ J-P ^3ts- jj-«J 4j 2 lLU':> <J q\ 

Indeed in that (there) is a sure lesson for those who fear the torment of the 
Hereafter. That is a Day whereon mankind will be gathered together, and 
that is a Day when all (the dwellers of the heavens and the earth) will be 
present."" 



PjliJ! ^ jjJI 


Al-Yaum-ul Khulud 


The Day of Eternal life 


50:30-35 






1613 Surah Al Sajdah (32), ayah 29. 

16,4 Surah Al MQmin [or Ghafir] (40), ayah 15. 

""Surah Hud (11), ayah 103. 



Page | 561 



On the Day when We will sSay to Hell: "Are you filled?" it will say: "Are 

there any more (to come)?" 

And Paradise will he brought near to the Muttaqun not far off. 

(It will be said): "This is what you were promised, - (it is) for those 

oft-returning (to Allah) in sincere repentance, and those who preserve their 

Covenant with Allah (by obeying Him in all what He has ordered, and 

worship none but Allah alone, i.e. follow Allah's religion, Islamic 

Monotheism). 

"Who feared the Most Beneficent (Allah) in the Ghaib (unseen): (i.e. in this 

worldly life before seeing and meeting Him), and brought a heart turned in 

repentance (to Him - and absolutely free from each and every kind of 

polytheism), 

"Enter you therein in peace and security; This is a Day of eternal life!" 

There they will have all that they desire, and We have more (for them, i.e. a 

glance at the All-Mighty, All-Majestic).' 6 ' 6 



CjJUjI A Jjjl 


Al-Yaum-ul Bath 


The Day of Resurrection 


30:56-57 



fy_ IJJ4J <iJ4JI fji l}\ Jjli r ^5' l _! JULl li) qlLi^j Ijjjl Ijjjl jiJJI Jlij 

And those who have been bestowed with knowledge and faith will say: 
"Indeed you have stayed according to the decree of Allah, until the Day of 
Resurrection, so this is the Day of Resurrection, but you knew not. " 
So on that Day no excuse of theirs will avail those who did wrong (by 
associating partners in worship with Allah, and by denying the Day of 
Resurrection), nor will they be allowed (then) to return to seek Allah 's 
pleasure (by having Islamic faith with righteous deeds and by giving up 
polytheism, sins and crimes with repentance).' 617 



£jjl]l f'j2l 


Al-Yaum-ul Khurui 


The Day of Coming out 


50:42 






The Day when they will hear A - ai ah (shout, etc.) in truth, that will be the 
Day of Coming Out (from the graves i.e. the Day of Resurrection).' 6 " 1 



m Surah Qaf (50), ayat 30-35. 
i " Surah AI Rum (30), ayat 56-57. 
ils Surah Qaf (50), ayah 42. 



Page I 562 



(_.U^I yjA\ 


Al-Yaum-il Hisab 


The Day of Reckoning 


38:53 



7%w if is w/iflf yow (Al-Muttaqun - the pious) are promised for the Day of 
Reckoning!' 619 



Jj^J^jl a JjJl 


Al-Yaum-al Hasrah 


The Day of Grief and 
Regrets 


19:37-39 



(*-£ if" ' © f^ -f¥- ■&-* Cr? ' Jy^" Oij^J Jo* f-r^ Cr? V [/*" "^ ^^ ^ 

77ien /Ae sects differed [i.e. the Christians about Isa (Jesus)], so woe unto 

the disbelievers [those who gave false witness by saying that Isa (Jesus) is 

the son of Allah] from the meeting of a great Day (i.e. the Day of 

Resurrection, when they will be thrown In the blazing Fire). 

How clearly will they (polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) 

see and hear, the Day when they will appear before us! But the alimun 

(polytheists and wrong-doers) today are in plain error. 

And warn them (O Mu ammad M) of the Day of Grief and Regrets, when 

the case has been decided, while (now) they are in a state of carelessness, 

and they believe not." 2 " 



jus! yj& 


Al-Yaum-al Tanad 


The Day of Mutual 

Calling 


40:30-32 



^'<fi >_jli JL £jJJ> i_j lj=- *il I ^.^j jii -5Gci_>lo-l l^\yynj {ja\'c (jS\\ Jlij 

And he who believed said: "O my people! Verily, I fear for you a fate like 

that Day (of disaster) of the Confederates (of old)! 

"Like the fate of the people of Nu (Noah), and Ad, and Thamud and those 

who came after them, and Allah wills no injustice for (His) slaves. 

"And, O my people! Verily! I fear for you the Day when there will be 



'Surah Sad (38), ayah 53. 

' Surah Maryam (19), ayat 37-39. 



Page | 563 



Mutual Calling (between the people of Hell and of Paradise). "'"' 



^jjljtjjl A Jjjl 


Al-Yaum-ul Taghabun 


The Day of Mutual Loss 
and Gain 


64:5-9 



*UJl .ajcl^Ij ijij^j Ijj ^aSsi LOj-L^^ijI IvL^ c-^-lJIj ^a g I ■ i.j *-pPlj cjb j*oLj 

OjiiH |»j j^»fiJ tjjj Jj Iji I>j4j ^ 1 b>5 Cf-^ 1 f*j Si) -W" (^ ^'j 

«- E ■- < . * J- j <- • > s » - t- -- - - V - - 

aJjIj liJjjl <_£-\)l jjjlj ^?!j-"jj i^ 'j^^ i;!?;'j5-ri *fr' (J* 1 ~!'^J r^/ 1 ^ 

fiCbu rytyl rr*J t^/.'-*^-'' (*3^ ^-[^ ,*-*-?-' -fji* ^-*-*^ r f>ri : C"- : J2~^" O^'-*-*-^ *-*H 

J gj 3 1 W^- ,'t- 4 i£ yf~ ' " ■ ' * 7" Aii»--l-jj ^djl±~« <LxP ^5\j L?tll^> 7J_«jtjj 

^tfl j>Ut j£U;S Vll tpi ^>.4ii- 

>'//a.v nof rfie «ews reached You of those who disbelieved aforetime ? And so 

they tasted the evil result of their disbelief, and theirs will be a painful 

torment. 

That was because there came to them their Messengers with clear proofs 

(signs), but they said: "Shall mere men guide us? " So they disbelieved and 

turned away (from the truth), and Allah was not in need (of them). And 

Allah is rich (Free of All wants), Worthy of All praise. 

The disbelievers pretend that they will never be resurrected (for the 

account). Say (O Mu ammad M): "Yes! by my Lord, you will certainly be 

resurrected, then you will be informed of (and recompensed for) what you 

did, and that is easy for Allah. 

Therefore, believe in Allah and His Messenger (Mu ammad 0), and in the 

light (this Qur an) which We have sent down. And Allah is All-Aware of 

what you do. 

(And remember) the Day when He will gather you (all) on the Day of 

gathering, that will be the Day of Mutual Loss and Gain (i.e. loss for the 

disbelievers as they will enter the Hell-fire and gain for the believers as 

they will enter Paradise). And whosoever believes in Allah and performs 

righteous good deeds, He will remit from him his sins, and will admit him to 

gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise) to dwell therein forever, that 

will be the great success." 72 



pj&£.z JjJl 


Al-Yaum-il Aqim 


The Day of which there is 
No Night 


22:55-57 



1 Surah Al MQ'rnin [or Ghafir] (40), ayat 40-42. 
' Surah Al Taghabun (64), ayat 5-9. 



Page | 564 



And fno.ve w/io disbelieve will not cease to be in doubt about it (this Qur an) 

until the Hour comes suddenly upon them, or there comes to them the 

torment of the Day after which there will be no night (i.e. the Day of 

Resurrection). 

The sovereignty on that Day will be that of Allah (the one who has no 

partners). He will judge between them. So those who believed (in the 

Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) and did righteous good deeds will 

be in Gardens of delight (Paradise). 

And those who disbelieved and belied Our Verses (of this Qur an), for them 

will be a humiliating torment (in Hell). 1621 



fit fJA\ 


Al-Yaum-il Alim 


The Painful Day 


43:64-65 



oi^y- 



Vlilil3-li 



v: 






UJ (JJ > *&' o] 



"Verily, Allah! He is my Lord (God) and your Lord (God). So worship Him 
(Alone). This is the (only) Straight Path (i.e. All's Religion of true Islamic 
Monotheism). " 

But the sects from among themselves differed. So woe to those who do 
wrong (by ascribing things to Isa (Jesus) that are not true) from the 
torment of a Painful Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)!' 624 



PJVI } Jtfll 


Al-Yaum-al Azifah 


The Day that is Drawing 
Near 


40:18-20 



And warn them (O Mu ammad M) of the Day that is Drawing Near (i.e. the 
Day of Resurrection), when the hearts will be choking the throats, and they 



• Surah Al Hajj (22), ayat 55-57. 
1 Surah Al Zukhruf (43), ayat 64-65. 



Page | 565 



can neither return them (hearts) to their chests nor can they throw them out. 

There will be no friend, nor an intercessor for the alimun (polytheists and 

wrong-doers, etc.), who could be given heed to. 

Allah knows the fraud of the eyes, and all that the breasts conceal. 

And Allah judges with truth, while those to whom they invoke besides Him, 

cannot judge anything. Certainly, Allah! He is the All-Hearer, the 

All-Seer." 2 ' 



JJj-u£- A JjJl 


Al-Yaum-ul Asir 


The Hard Day 


74:8-9 



Then, when the trumpet is sounded (i.e. its second blowing); 
Truly, that Day will be a Hard Day. 1626 



r^.- £ ' ? J^' 


Al-Yaum-il Azim 


The Great Day 


19:37-40 



101', 



77ien /fte .sert.v differed [i.e. the Christians about Isa (Jesus)], so woe unto 

the disbelievers [those who gave false witness by saying that Isa (Jesus) is 

the son of Allah] from the Meeting of a Great Day (i.e. the Day of 

Resurrection, when they will be thrown in the blazing Fire). 

How clearly will they (polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) 

see and hear, the Day when they will appear before Us! But the alimun 

(polytheists and wrong-doers) today are in plain error. 

And warn them (O Mu ammad M) of the Day of grief and regrets, when the 

case has been decided, while (now) they are in a state of carelessness, and 

they believe not. 

Verily! We will inherit the earth and whatsoever is thereon. And to Us they 

all shall be returned,' 627 



i^liVl J>°j2l 



Al-Yaum-ul Ashhad 



The Day when Witnesses 
Stand Forth 



40:51-52 



" 2! Surah AIMu'min [orGhafir] (40), ayat 18-20. 

1626 Surah Al Muddaththir (74), ayat 8-9. 

1627 Surah Maryam (19), ayat 37-40. 



Page | 566 



«■- , ,->,«* , ,> U > ., '■*,-, 

(Jjj jl-jl Jj— i-flj SliJJI j«4Jj 1£3Jl*j 1, " j' ' ^^ ^-^ 

Verily, We will indeed make victorious Our Messengers and those who 

believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) in this world's life 

and on the Day when the Witnesses will Stand Forth, (i.e. Day of 

Resurrection), 

The Day when their excuses will be of no profit to alimun (polytheists, 

wrong-doers and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah). Theirs will be the 

curse, and theirs will be the evil abode (i.e. painful torment in Hell-fire).' 62 '' 



J1J£. Jjl a Jjjl 


Al-Yaum-ul Wa'id 


The Day of Given 
Warning 


50:20-21 



And the trumpet will be blown, that will be the Day whereof Warning (had 
been given) (i.e. the Day of Resurrection). 

And every person will come forth along with an (angel) to drive (him), and 
an (angel) to bear witness.' 629 



fi-iui 


Al-Sa'ah 


The Hour 


22:1-2 



djSL. J-.t!)l lSJJj \-$&~- J-°^>- c->li J-^= A^Jj c-**i>3' *-»* 2*i?j-* J-^= 

O mankind! Fear your Lord and be dutiful to Him! Verily, the earthquake of 

the Hour (of Judgement) is a terrible thing. 

The Day you shall see it, every nursing mother will forget her nursling, and 

every pregnant one will drop her load, and you shall see mankind as in a 

drunken state, yet they will not be drunken, but severe will be the torment of 

Allah.' 61 " 



4.£-jlUi 


Al-Qari'ah 


The Striking Hour 


101:1-11 



" 2S Surah Al Mu'min [or Ghafir] (40), ayat 51-52. 
" 29 Surah Qaf (50), ayat 20-21. 
100 Surah Al Hajj (22), ayat 1-2. 



Page I 567 



^tJI Oj^s Pjj i^zj; 4-PjLflJl 1_4 ijj&j}} L«j (;?;] 4-PjLflJl L* (;?)) 4-PjlaJl 



': -CaW JU 



d3*^ 



li liiijil Lo a 



ijjLa 



Al-Qari ah (the striking Hour i.e. the Day of Resurrection), 

What is the striking (Hour) ? 

And what will make you know what the striking (Hour) is? 

It is a Day whereon mankind will he like moths scattered about, 

and the mountains will be like carded wool, 

then as for him whose balance (of good deeds) will be heavy, 

he will live a pleasant life (in Paradise). 

But as for him whose balance (of good deeds) will be light, 

he will have his home in Hawiyah (pit, i.e. Hell). 

And what will make you know what it is? 

(It is) a hot blazing Fire!' 6 " 



Ajjilill 


Al-Ghashiyah 


The Overwhelming 


88:1-2 



Has there come to you the narration of the Overwhelming (i.e. the Day of 

Resurrection); 

Some faces, that Day, will be humiliated (in the Hell-fire, i.e. the faces of all 

disbelievers, Jews and Christians, etc.).' 6 ' 2 



iHkii 


Al-Haqqah 


The Reality 


69:1-3 



The reality (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)! 

What is the Reality? 

And what will make you know what the Reality is?' 6 " 



• aeJ-i 



XxiYj] 


Al-Waqi'ah 


The Event 


56:1-2 



1631 Surah AIQari'ah (101), ayat 1-11. 

1632 Surah AlGhashiyah (88), ayat 1-2. 
" 33 Surah Al Haqqah (69), ayat 1-3. 



Page I 568 



'~: ijiE" ^fxiji J~J (Jfj! *«5ljJI c-*^j '^! 



Wften tfie Event (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) befalls. 
And there can be no denying of its befalling.' 6 " 



5.kLaJi 


Al-Sakhkhah 


The Day of the Second 
Blowing of the Trumpet 


80:33-42 






lJ-3 LgJLAy 






dSj'-L^ 



%j?jK\ ijs3\ j> iijijji ^ 



77ien, w/ien rfiere comes A - d khkh ah (the Day of Resurrection '.« second 

blowing of the Trumpet), 

that Day shall a man flee from his brother, 

and from his mother and his father, 

and from his wife and his children. 

Everyman, that Day, will have enough to make him careless of others. 

Some faces that Day, will be bright (true believers of Islamic Monotheism). 

Laughing, rejoicing at good news (of Paradise). 

And other faces, that day, will be dust-stained; 

Darkness will cover them, 

such will be the Kafarah (disbelievers in Allah, in His Oneness, and in His 

Messenger Mu ammad (0), etc.), the Fajarah (wicked evil doers).' 6 " 



iiUJi 


Al-Tammah 


The Greatest Catastrophe 


79:34-39 



JLj^-I CJjy'$ (;'s2! ls-^ " tlr***^' jJ-^J (•jH C'~l' : i£j^\ S-aUaJl C^p^ liji 
CsP f^y^ 0$ (@) U^-*-" 8^J-l jjlfj C^'J: (Jti? (>• Llli f;|^: <^j jj-ftj 

B«( when there comes the Greatest Catastrophe (i.e. the Day of 

recompense, etc.), 

the Day when man shall remember what he strove for, 

and Hell-fire shall be made apparent in full view for (every) one who sees, 

then, for him who agha (transgressed all bounds, in disbelief, oppression 



" M Surah Al Waqiah (56), ayal 1-2. 
,as Surah ' Abasa (80), ayat 33-42. 



Page | 569 



and evil deeds of disobedience to Allah). 

And preferred the life of this world (by following his evil desires and lusts), 

Verily, his abode will be Hell-fire;' 616 



There are various other names which are used to describe this specific event, 
this specific 'Day', such as those found in the following Ayat, amongst others: 

2:48 3:9 14:42 26:88-89 

40:17 69:4-12 80:34-42 

And fear a Day (of Judgement) when a person shall not avail another, nor 
will intercession be accepted from him nor will compensation he taken from 
him nor will they be helped.' 6 " 



(jfj iLiLoJI ijtlijj Si aI)I ^j_j! <£ s~U j>*j*J ip^' (V'-?" ^\ ^h3 

Our Lord! Verily, it is You who will gather mankind together on the Day 
about which there is no doubt. Verily, Allah never breaks His Promise"' 61 " 




Consider not that Allah is unaware of that which the alimun (polytheists, 
wrong-doers, etc.) do, hut He gives them respite up to a Day when the eyes 
will stare in horror. '"' 



The Day whereon neither wealth nor sons will avail, 

except him who brings to Allah a clean heart [clean from Shirk (polytheism) 

and Nifdq (hypocrisy)].' 640 



fjfjytli-l kijC AUl ^j_jJ f}l)l pie S! c~~ £= U-> ,_,-£> JS <XJi ("j^ll 

7M« Day s/iaM every person be recompensed for what he earned. No 
injustice (shall he done to anybody). Truly, Allah is Swift in Reckoning. '"' 



636 Surah Al Nazi' at (79), ayat 34-39. 
al Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 48. 

Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 9. 

Surah Ibrahim (14), ayah 42. 

Surah Al Shuara (26), ayat 88-89. 

Surah AlMu'min lor Ghafirl. ayah 17. 



Page | 570 



'&y*2~ f b I 4l*L«Jj J III A-~« fl-p^ Li^^t** (;T;.: 4Jj If- j^j^s 7HJ, Ij-^==»-La li 

©JS^O* (4^ tSJ 2 1)4^ JO 1 *" J^i 1 ^' fT^<&*» tpi fj^rf^j^* 

5jT jj ^50 LgJLsLijJ ! : ;|J; Sjjlil j ^jll> eUJl lii UJ bj ijjj; iljlj Soil 

Thamud and Ad people denied the Qdri ah [the striking Hour (of 

Judgement)]! 

As for Thamud, they were destroyed by the awful cry! 

And as for Ad, they were destroyed by a furious violent wind; 

which Allah imposed on them for seven nights and eight days in succession, 

so that you could see men lying overthrown (destroyed), as if they were 

hollow trunks of date-palms! 

Do you see any remnants of them? 

And Fir aim (Pharaoh), and those before him, and the cities overthrown 

[the towns of the people of [Lout (Lot)] committed sin, 

And they disobeyed their Lord's Messenger, so He punished them with a 

strong punishment. 

Verily! when the water rose beyond its limits [Nu 's (Noah) flood], We 

carried you (mankind) in the floating [ship that was constructed by Nu 

(Noah)]. 

That We might make it a remembrance for you, and the keen ear (person) 

may (hear and) understand it.'" 2 

77iaf Day .v/ia/7 a man flee from his brother, 

and from his mother and his father, 

and from his wife and his children. 

Everyman, that day, will have enough to make him careless of others. 

Some faces that Day, will be bright (true believers of Islamic Monotheism). 

Laughing, rejoicing at good news (of Paradise). 

And other faces, that Day, will be dust-stained; 

darkness will cover them, 

such will be the Kafarah (disbelievers in Allah, in His Oneness, and in His 

Messenger Mu ammad (Mj, etc.), the Fajarah (wicked evil doers).' 6 " 



1642 Surah Al Haqqah (69), ayat 4-12. 

1643 Surah ' Abasa (80), ayat 34-42. 

Page | 571 



Signs of the Nearness of the Day of Resurrection 

27:82-86 One of the signs of the proximity of the Day of Resurrection is the 

coming out from the earth of Dabbat-ul-Ard (o^ 3 J*' S->'^'. To 
embrace faith on that day is already too late and it has no further 

47:18-19 meaning; so 'mankind' must surely be careful within this life. 

" g* UjUjtij i J-DsJ ,-j-«-a *?\2 ^-* ' J *- — i -jA j£*£- ?\i\ u™-! O^^^i Jl bjujtij 

ic£ lilll Uip tp ijl",^- JiJj Jj^LL ^ j^-ol J IS jsli- lil ( Jl»- jjvj; o>£j>> 
bl I_j_,j JLII f.;|fj Qjtj^vj M j^4i Ij-UJi U-> (>-p^ J>5-ll iijj J|?;3 o^-*-"" 

And w/ie« the word (of torment) is fulfilled against them, We shall bring out 

from the earth a beast to them, which will speak to them because mankind 

believed not with certainty in Our Ayat (verses of the Qur an and Prophet 

Mu ammadM). 

And (remember) the Day when We shall gather out of every nation a troop 

of those who denied Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, 

revelations, etc.), and (then) they (all) shall be gathered (and driven to the 

place of reckoning), 

till, when they come (before their Lord at the place of reckoning), He will 

say: "Did you deny My Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, 

revelations, etc.) when you comprehended them not in knowledge, or what 

(else) was it that you used to do ? " 

And the word (of torment) will be fulfilled against them, because they have 

done wrong, and they will be unable to speak (in order to defend 

themselves). 

See they not that We have made the night for them to rest therein, and the 

Day sight-giving? Verily, in this are Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, 

lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) for the people who believe.' 644 

l^lli- lij 11 (jli V£s>\'jL\ \W JLaS ixkj »421j o' ^LUl SIJ OjJS^i li-^ 

Qp *5sJji-«J IS : I a~. « (1-L*J fiibU 

Do they then await (anything) other than the Hour, that it should come upon 
them suddenly? But some of its portents (indications and signs) have 
already come, and when it (actually) is on them, how can they benefit then 
by their reminder? 



" M Surah Al Naml (27), ayat 82-86. 

Page | 572 



So know (O Mu ammad M) that La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be 
worshipped hut Allah), and ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the 
sin of) believing men and believing women. And Allah knows well your 
moving about, and your place of rest (in your homes)." 4 ' 

The blowing of the trumpet three times 1 "* 
The first blowing of the trumpet - will startle 

27:87-90 And (remember) the day on which the Trumpet will be blown - and 

6:73 all who are in the heavens and all who are on the earth, will be 

69:13-18 terrified except him whom Allah will. And all shall come to Him 

78:17-20 humbled. 
79:6-7 

JSj ADl J Li ^a %,J=>yi\ J qaj ^j'y^IM £ ^ £jii jjyJI ^ jjx-i^j fyj 

fiibl A^-y=> ' >L>e_^JI y» "jxjj LS *J 5-LaW- L~*-^- iJLji-l {S j>\ ('~'v!: Cf-J > ~-' a J-^ ' 

j>J>- j<vU Sj-~jJL \\&~ ^y» (;"";;; ^j_jjijULJ LoJ j^J>~ J<OJ %/Jm JS AitJ I C^AJI 

jLlll j *~-^&y>-» o-3-j *™JL iU- ^j (Jjj oy~*\' i-^'y. £J* &* i«-*j 4^? 

jjj o^U-^ J»^ u *3j ^_j*y>- ^L» 

And (remember) the Day on which the trumpet will be blown and all who 

are in the heavens and all who are on the earth, will be terrified except him 

whom Allah will (exempt). And all shall come to Him humbled. 

And you will see the mountains and think them solid, but they shall pass 

away as the passing away of the clouds. The work of Allah, who perfected 

all things, Verily! He is Well-Acquainted with what you do. 

Whoever brings a good deed (i.e. belief in the Oneness of Allah along with 

every deed of righteousness), will have better than its worth, and they will 

be safe from the terror on that Day. 

And whoever brings an evil (deed) (i.e. Shirk polytheism, disbelief in the 

Oneness of Allah and every evil sinful deed), they will be cast down (prone) 

on their faces in the Fire. (And it will be said to them) "Are you being 

recompensed anything except what you used to do ? " I647 

s -S ' - ' ,',,,■".,- «- -,', «- > 

a}j3 Qj^=C3 />^= OyM f$i3 i3^L ^j^j"b/lj o>'^-«_^Jl { j\&- ■ — 5-0 1 j-AJ 



' Surah Muhammad (47), ayat 18-19. 

' Bey Arifin, tiidup Sesudah Mali (Life after Death). 

' Surah Al Naml (27), ayat 87-90. 



Page I 573 



It is He who has created the heavens and the earth in truth, and on the Day 
(i.e. the Day of Resurrection) He will say: "Be!", - and it shall become. His 
word is the truth. His will he the dominion on the Day when the trumpet will 
he blown. All Knower of the unseen and the seen. He is the All Wise, 
Well- Aware (of all things).' 64 ' 



5-le-^ S5:> USjj JlLi-IJ /pbj^l oJ^-j f;v); adtf-'J 4j>tij j j *-» 1 1 A *<-& lili 
dlUJlj i;;";;: Xjb IJ -L^y ij& i U-U I c^S-^J I j (;f J: ^il^JI c-jej -L-^jIi ^fj 

77ien w/ien ffte trumpet will be blown with one blowing (the first one), 

and the earth and the mountains shall he removed from their places, and 

crushed with a single crushing, 

then on that Day shall the (Great) event befall, 

and the heaven will split asunder, for that Day it (the heaven will he frail 

(weak), and torn up, 

and the angels will be on its sides, and eight angels will, that day, bear the 

Throne of your Lord above them. 

That Day shall you be brought to judgement, not a secret of you will be 

hidden." 49 

(f?J ^"'3^' Oy^ JJ-*=»-!l I 7t '-j fy i;;7J: 1 " ' ■ a Qb J %. fl 1 1 a^j q\ 

i'T*.; 131^* 0-060 JUji-l ^Pjy^'i i'^,-' : ny) 0-060 *L«JlJI c^>txij 

Verily, the Day of Decision is a fixed time, 

the Day when the trumpet will be blown, and you shall come forth in crowds 

(groups); 

and the heaven shall be opened, and it will become as gates, 

and the mountains shall be moved away from their places and they will be 

as if they were a mirage.'™ 

On the Day (when the first blowing of the trumpet is blown), the earth and 

the mountains will shake violently (and everybody will die), 

the second blowing of the trumpet follows it (and everybody will be raised 

up),..'"' 



1648 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 73. 
'*" Surah Al Haqqah (69), ayat 13-1 
" !0 Surah Al Naba' (78), ayat 17-20. 
"" Surah Al Nazi' at (79), ayat 6-7. 



Jinan m ivaua ( / o_|, iiytu 1 1 

Surah Al Naziat (79), ayat ( 

Page I 574 



The second blowing of the trumpet - death 

39:67-68 And the Trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and 

all who are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allah 
will... 

—l^'li^-JJ \j 4 ft C. a 'I ?\j ;AS-^Z3 l*~«->- <j^J*^J ^aj-ii fV>- <UJl 'jJ* 1 -^ J 

J. > - - „ i > ■"* «^ - - , * < ~ - 

j«l3 ^_» lili <Xr=~l ^ j^ p ^i 1 '""Li ^ "Vj (jiO^I J ,yi ej'yUJI ^ ^ 

r/iey marfe no/ a just estimate of Allah such as is due to Him. And on the 
Day of Resurrection the whole of the earth will be grasped by His Hand and 
the heavens will be rolled up in His right hand. Glorified is He, and High is 
He above all that they associate as partners with Him! 
And the trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who 
are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allah will. Then it will 
blown a second time and behold, they will be standing, looking on 
(waiting).'" 2 

The third blowing of the trumpet - resurrection 

39:68 Then it will be blown again and behold, they will 

36:51-53 be standing, looking on (waiting). 

,,.,,» > - - „ i 

And the trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who 
are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allah will. Then it will 
blown a second time and behold, they will be standing, looking on 

(waiting).'" 1 

^ \i£yj l_jJLs Jjj ^TjjL~aj j^jjj Jl djloi-^l ^ ^j, lili jj4=JI J hpj 

And Hie trumpet will be blown (i.e. the second blowing) and behold! from 
the graves they will come out quickly to their Lord. 



' Surah Al Zumar (39), ayat 67-68. 
' Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 68. 



Page | 575 



They will say: "Woe to us! Who has raised us upfront our place of sleep. " 
(It will be said to them): "This is what the Most Beneficent (Allah) had 
promised, and the Messengers spoke truth! " 

It will be but a single Saihah (shout, etc.), so behold! they will all be 
brought up before us!' 6 "' 

50:41-45 And the Trumpet will be blown and behold! From the graves they 

1 8:99 will come out quickly to their Lord. 

99:1-5 

And /i.sten on the Day when the Caller will call from a near place, 

the Day when they will hear A - ai ah (shout, etc.) in truth, that will be the 

Day of coming out (from the graves i.e. the Day of Resurrection). 

Verily, We it is who give life and cause death; and to Us is the final return, 

on the Day when the earth shall be cleft, from off them, (they will come out) 

hastening forth. That will be a gathering, quite easy for Us. 

We know of best what they say; and you (O Mu ammad M) are not a tyrant 

over them (to force them to belief). But warn by the Qur an, him who fears 

My threat. 16 " 



CjJ ^*" ' i g^* " 'V jj4=J i (_| j^fj j u^^i l| fry** )-?°'y- i*r*"^ ^\Pi * 

And on that Day [i.e. the Day Ya juj and Ma juj (Gog and Magog) will 
come out], We shall leave them to surge like waves on one another, and the 
trumpet will be blown, and We shall collect them all together. ""' 



When the earth is shaken with its (final) earthquake. 

And when the earth throws out its burdens, 

and man will say: "What is the matter with it? " 

That Day it will declare its information (about all what happened over it of 

good or evil). 

Because your Lord has inspired it.' 6 " 



* Surah YaSTn (36), ayah 53. 
! Surah Qaf(50), ayat 41-45. 
1 Surah AI Kahf ( 1 8), ayah 99. 
' Surah Al Zalzalah (99), ayat 1-5. 



Page I 576 



The state at Mahshar 



Mahshar and the state of 'mankind' 

99:6 After the blowing of the Trumpet 'mankind' will rise from their 

79:8-9 graves; in various scattered groups; 

78:17-20 they will come in crowds; with fearful hearts and in submission; 

39:68-70 with feelings of fear, awaiting the jurisdiction of Allah. 



f|5 \ gl' i P-1 IjlJ^J IjIL^I (j-LlJl j I ^aj ^-^yi 



That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown 
their deeds.' 6 " 



i'~Q 4jLiuii- Lay^ajl (;";:: ^jL^lj ^r^yi Qj^ 

(Some) hearts that Day will shake with fear and anxiety. 
Their eyes cast down. 1660 



(JjJ t»l.jJI Qy\ii jj4=JI . j M-v. fy. Qi 1 "' °. - ,, ' of J-JuiJl f>> o! 

;'"; ISIJ^y C-j6s3 JL-3-1 0>Jj-«J (;";:: u'jjl C-060 sL«_^JI C-^>tX3J 

Ven7y, rfie /Jay of Decision is a fixed time, 

the Day when the trumpet will be blown, and you shall come forth in crowds 

(groups); 

and the heaven shall be opened, and it will become as gates, 

and the mountains shall be moved away from their places and they will be 

as if they were a mirage.'"' 1 

JS o-3_jj |gj; O j « ^ "^ («-*j ij^"-i f4% ([ffj^j jlj^iJIj ^ytj IcjVj 

And rfie trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and all who 

are on the earth will swoon away, except him whom Allah will. Then it will 

blown a second time and behold, they will be standing, looking on 

(waiting). 

And the earth will shine with the light of its Lord (Allah, when He will come 



" >5S The Day when the dead shall migrate from their graves and assemble for judgement. 
"" Surah Al Zalzalah (99), ayah 6. 

1660 Surah Al Naziat (79), ayat 8-9. 

1661 Surah AlNaba' (78), ayat 17-20. 



Page | 577 



to judge among men) and the Book will be placed (open) and the Prophets 
and the witnesses will be brought forward, and it will be judged between 
them with truth, and they will not be wronged. 

And each person will be paid in full of what he did; and He is best Aware of 
what they do.""' 2 

18:99-101 They will be gathered on the earth and clearly illuminated by the 

light of Allah's justice. 

CjS [*-** n ( p* " 'f - jji-li tj j^fjj u^*-i ij Ky~i ^-^'y. 'f^r^ XJ . ^\yi * 

fjSj \ilC ^_jy^~ *J Si IjiSj 

And on Hto Day [i.e. the Day Ya juj and Ma juj (Gog and Magog) will 
come out], We shall leave them to surge like waves on one another, and the 
trumpet will be blown, and We shall collect them all together. 
And on that Day We shall present Hell to the disbelievers, plain to view, 
(to) those whose eyes had been under a covering from My Reminder (this 
Qur an), and who could not bear to hear (it). "" 

89:22-27 For those with faith will be returned to Allah with hearts once again 

89:30 satisfied with the blessings of Allah. 

. -y— j 2 I ,*- — i JJL) -L^a^J ^i ' g ^r J_~a V) f(^l?j '{~^ tJi^s l_i^> l£XI«J I J tSXjJ t W \ 

And your Lord comes with the angels in rows, 

and Hell will be brought near that Day. On that Day will man remember, 

but how will that remembrance (then) avail him? 

He will say: "Alas! would that I had sent forth (good deeds) for (this) my 

life!" 

So on that Day, none will punish as He will punish. 

And none will bind as He will bind. 

(It will be said to the pious): "O (you) the one in (complete) rest and 

satisfaction! 1664 



>i'j 



"And enter you My Paradise!"" 



' Surah Al Zumar (39), ayat 68-70. 
* Surah Al Kahf ( 1 8), ayat 99- 1 1 . 
1 Surah Al Fajr (89), ayat 22-27. 
! Surah Al Fajr (89), ayah 30. 



Page | 578 



At Mahshar there is no affiliation because of lineage or 
friendship links 

20: 1 09 O 'mankind' ! Be afraid of your Lord, and fear a Day when no father 

2:48 can avail aught for his son, nor a son avail aught for his father. 

23:101-111 Verily, the Promise of Allah is true, let not then this present life 

80:33-42 deceive you, nor let the chief deceiver deceive you about Allah. 
82:19 
31:33 

On that Day no intercession shall avail, except the one for whom the Most 
Beneficent (Allah) has given permission and whose word is acceptable to 
Him. 1666 

And fear a Day (of Judgement) when a person shall not avail another, nor 
will intercession be accepted from him nor will compensation he taken from 
him nor will they he helped. 1667 

^^_jj_«Iili bis bjLP (j Li L^ U>-^p-l Uj C^! ^^__riJL_^=> Uj3 U^=J UjjJJi 



' Surah Ta Ha (20), ayah 109. 
' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 48. 



Page | 579 



Then, when the trumpet is blown, there will be no kinship among them that 
Day, nor will they ask of one another. 

Then, those whose scales (of good deeds) are heavy, - these, they are the 
successful. 

And those whose scales (of good deeds) are light, they are those who lose 
their ownselves, in Hell will they abide. 

The Fire will burn their faces, and therein they will grin, with displaced lips 
(disfigured). 

"Were not My Verses (this Qur an) recited to you, and then you used to 
deny them?" 

They will say: "Our Lord! Our wretchedness overcame us, and we were 
(an) erring people. 

"Our Lord! bring us out of this; if ever we return (to evil), then indeed we 
shall be alimun: (polytheists, oppressors, unjust, and wrong-doers, etc.). " 
He (Allah) will say: "Remain you in it with ignominy! And speak you not to 
Me!" 

Verily! there was a party of My slaves, who used to say: "Our Lord! We 
believe, so forgive us, and have mercy on us, for You are the best of all who 
show mercy! " 

But you took them for a laughingstock, so much so that they made you 
forget My remembrance while you used to laugh at them! 
Verily! I have rewarded them this Day for their patience, they are indeed 
the ones that are successful.' 66 " 

Then, when there comes A - a khkh ah (the Day of Resurrection '.« second 

blowing of Trumpet), 

that Day shall a man flee from his brother, 

and from his mother and his father, 

and from his wife and his children. 

Everyman, that Day, will have enough to make him careless of others. 

Some faces that Day, will be bright (true believers of Islamic Monotheism). 

Laughing, rejoicing at good news (of Paradise). 

And other faces, that Day, will be dust-stained; 

Darkness will cover them, 

such will be the Kafarah (disbelievers in Allah, in His Oneness, and in His 

Messenger Mu ammad (0), etc.), the Fajarah (wicked evil doers).' 66 " 

'*":; *UJ ^x~6jj ja^Vj U~i <)■■ °'-\ <)■■ o' 1 ^J-*j "b/ f$i 
(It will be) the Day when no person shall have power (to do) anything for 



" 6S Surah Al Muminun (23), ayat 101-111. 
"' 6 ' Surah ' Abasa (80), ayat 33-42. 



Page | 580 



another, and the decision, that day, will be (wholly) with Allah. 1670 

jlo- 3-» *y'y S/j ^o jJj ,>£ -Jlj ^Syr i &y ljJu»-lj iiyj I_>SjI ^t-LJI L^LlI 

O mankind! Be afraid of your Lord (by keeping your duty to Him and 
avoiding all evil), and fear a Day when no father can avail aught for his 
son, nor a son avail aught for his father. Verily, the Promise of Allah is true, 
let not then this (worldly) present life deceive you, nor let the chief deceiver 
(Satan) deceive you about Allah. '"' 

2:254 Verily, the day of Judgement is the time appointed for all of them. 

37:28-33 The day when Maulan cannot avail Maulan in aught, and no help can 

70:10-14 they receive, except him on whom Allah has Mercy. 

44:40-42 Verily, He is the All-Mighty, the Most Merciful. 

Xj 4ji- ~i'i ij> £^» 2 fy. ~jH l)I Jii (ja (S^ijj U_« \y\p\ \y*\' a QiJi\ LjjLLi 

O you who believe! Spend of that with which We have provided for you, 
before a Day comes when there will be no bargaining, nor friendship, nor 
intercession. And it is the disbelievers who are the alimun (wrong-doers, 
etc.).'" 2 

Q 6 La J (('"); Q¥~° y* I aj jSsJ JaJ ,jj I *J li t~C^] Q^^J ' ,' ]& Llj jJ Lj S^S ^ v - ) ! ' "v ^ 

77iev vWW .say/ "ft was you w/io «.«ed to come to us from the right side [i.e. 

from the right side of one of us and beautify for us every evil, order us for 

polytheism, and stop us from the truth i.e. Islamic Monotheism and from 

every good deed]. " 

They will reply: "Nay, you yourselves were not believers. 

"And we had no authority over you. Nay! but you were transgressing 

people (disobedient, polytheists, and disbelievers). 

"So now the word of our Lord has been justified against us, that we shall 

certainly (have to) taste (the torment). 

"So we led you astray because we were ourselves astray. " 

Then verily, that day, they will (all) share in the torment. '"' 



"™ Surah Al Infitar (82), ayah 19. 
"" Surah Luqman (31), ayah 33. 
"' n Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 254. 
1673 Surah Al Safiat (37), ayat 28-33. 



Page | 581 



bu^ Jsj 3 .9 ,-j-aj ((^J aj a^j -xjl ''"^ ,^*^3 ''-'^-' : ^^~'3 ^4^j>ti^>J ;'"" 4^j 

Ami no friend will ask of a friend, 

though they shall be made to see one another [(i.e. on the Day of 

Resurrection), there will he none hut see his father, children and relatives, 

but he will neither speak to them nor will ask them for any help)], - the 

Mujrim, (criminal, sinner, disbeliever, etc.) would desire to ransom himself 

from the punishment of that Day by his children. 

And his wife and his brother, 

and his kindred who sheltered him, 

and all that are In the earth, so that it might save him ."•" 

SjfJ U^-'J I jij*) I >» >'*>\ '^ (if J cy % !j|J ^L>xr^H 

Verily, the Day of Judgement (when Allah will judge between the creatures) 

is the time appointed for all of them, 

The Day when Maulan (a near relative) cannot avail Maulan (a near 

relative) in aught, and no help can they receive, 

except him on whom Allah has mercy. Verily, He is the All-Mighty, the Most 

Merciful. 167 ' 

Intercession on that Day will be restricted 

2:255 On that Day 'mankind' will follow strictly Allah's caller, no 

10:3 crookedness will they show him. And all the voices will be 

19:85-87 humbled for the Most Beneficent, and nothing shall you hear but 

2 1 :28 the low voice of their footsteps. 

34:23 On that Day no intercession shall avail, except the one for whom the 

40:18 Most beneficent has given permission and whose word is 

43:86 acceptable to Him. 

82:13-19 

20:108-109 

lij o'y».f.ll jtijJ ?y Slj <2_-, joJlj-Ij Si fjsiJi j^Ji >* *! *^1 "^ *^' 

UJ JLgj-Ljl ^jry. t-« *J*i <-*jiU "^! jfl-^-f f-i^l <S^ '^ rr* ii^O*^' <j 



* Surah Al Ma'arij (70), ayat 10-14. 
! Surah Al Dukhan (44), ayat 40-42. 



Page I 582 



r. ^ 

Allah! La ilaha ilia Huwa (none has the right to he worshipped hut He), the 
Ever Living, the one who sustains and protects all that exists, neither 
slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the 
heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him 
except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His 
creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And 
they will never compass anything of His knowledge except that which He 
wills. His Kursiy extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no 
fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most 
Great. [This verse (2:255) is called Aydh-ul-Kursiy.]" 76 

^ a? 

Surely, your Lord is Allah who created the heavens and the earth in six days 
and then Istawd (rose over) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His 
Majesty), disposing the affair of all things. No intercessor (can plead with 
Him) except after His Leave. That is Allah, your Lord; so worship Him 
(Alone). Then, will you not remember?' 677 

j d5> '%j te?- J ! cj*:J^> ' i3j~-jj (J2J Ij-*j ct^j 1 ' J] a 3 -^ ' j"^ fy- 

The Day We shall gather the Muttaqun unto the Most Beneficent (Allah), 

like a delegate (presented before a king for honour). 

And We shall drive the Mujrimun (polytheists, sinners, criminals, 

disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, etc.) to Hell, in a thirsty state (like a 

thirsty herd driven down to water), 

none shall have the power of intercession, but such a one as has received 

permission (or promise) from the Most Beneficent (Allah)."' 7 '' 

He knows what is before them, and what is behind them, and they cannot 
intercede except for him with whom He is pleased. And they stand in awe 
for fear of Him." 79 



' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayah 255. 
1 Surah Yunus (10), ayah 3. 
* Surah Maryam (19), ayat 87. 
' Surah Al 'Anbiya' (21), ayah 28. 



Page I 583 



Intercession with Him profits not, except for him whom He permits. Until 
when fear is banished from their (angels') hearts, they (angels) say: "What 
is it that your Lord has said?" They say: "The truth. And He is the Most 
High, the Most Great. ""•" 

- , , * ,\ - -^ >>,* - 'r- , , > t 

(Go £■ Uaj * ■ ^. 

And worn Hiem (O Mu ammad 0) of the Day that is drawing near (i.e. the 
Day of Resurrection), when the hearts will be choking the throats, and they 
can neither return them (hearts) to their chests nor can they throw them out. 
There will be no friend, nor an intercessor for the alimun (polytheists and 
wrong-doers, etc.), who could be given heed to.'"" 



And those whom they invoke instead of Him have no power of intercession; 
except those who bear witness to the Truth (i.e. believed in the Oneness of 
Allah, and obeyed His Orders), and they know (the facts about the Oneness 
of Allah). 16 ' 2 



^j__y.-U I j» jJ La <1X>J 2 1 La Ij (;'";.: Ql Jj I j»aJ La lLLjj ^ I La J (;";.: jJJ-J UU L~P ^Jb 

Ven7}>, rfie Abrar (pious and righteous) will be in delight (Paradise); 

and verily, the Fujjar (the wicked, disbelievers, sinners and evil-doers) will 

be in the blazing Fire (Hell), 

in which they will enter, and taste its burning flame on the Day of 

recompense, 

and they (Al-Fujjar) will not be absent therefrom (i.e. will not go out from 

the Hell). 

And what will make you know what the Day of Recompense is? 

Again, what will make you know what the Day of Recompense is? 

(It will be) the Day when no person shall have power (to do) anything for 

another, and the decision, that Day, will be (wholly) with Allah."'" 



'Surah Saba' (34), ayah 23. 

1 Surah Al MQ'mrn [or Ghafir] (40), ayah 18. 

1 Surah Al Zukhruf (43), ayah 86. 

' Surah Al Infitar (82), ayat 13-19. 



Page | 584 



On tfia? Z)ay mankind will follow strictly (the voice of) Allah 's caller, no 
crookedness (that is without going to the right or left of that voice) will they 
show him (Allah 's caller). And all voices will be humbled for the Most 
Beneficent (Allah), and nothing shall you hear but the low voice of their 
footsteps. 

On that Day no intercession shall avail, except the one for whom the Most 
Beneficent (Allah) has given permission and whose word is acceptable to 
Him. 16 " 

The time of reckoning 

Allah is the Only Authority of the Day of Reckoning 

2 1 :47 And We shall set up balances of justice on the Day of Resurrection, 

then none will be dealt with unjustly in anything. And if there be the 

88:25-26 weight of a mustard seed, We will bring it. And Sufficient are We as 

Reckoners. 

And We shall set up balances of justice on the Day of Resurrection, then 
none will be dealt with unjustly in anything. And if there be the weight of a 
mustard seed, We will bring it. And Sufficient are We as Reckoners."" 

^U ^tl?- iUp o! p CIS }ity M o! 

Verily, to Us will be their return; 

Then Verily, for Us will be their reckoning. 16 " 6 

All witnesses will be judged 

39:69 Each Prophet will bear witness to their various communities; 

f-r^H is^i »IJ^iJlj £^4^-"-; i(iVj 4-^y' £+?JJ '-pJ jyi l/O"^' ^4/w'j 



" !4 Surah Ta Ha (20), ayat 108-109. 
" ss Surah Al 'Anbiya' (21), ayah 47. 
1686 Surah Al Ghashiyah (88), ayat 25-26. 



Page I 585 



And the earth will shine with the light of its Lord (Allah, when He will come 
to judge among men) and the Book will he placed (open) and the Prophets 
and the witnesses will be brought forward, and it will be judged between 
them with truth, and they will not be wronged.' 687 

1 6:84-89 The Prophet Muhammad M will bear witness to all of 'mankind' 

'»3 'M5 iSj -^IjjJ^i f "§} }4^ ^*-& "& Cj\1*1\ ij^ili jj.JJI lij li[3 
JiLU I J-jijj *ii I J! ijJLl Ij (;|J; ^TjjjJj^=iJ iSol JjiJI jL$JI ijiJU -Hlbji 

^ w j ^ , B* * * S , 

::«: ^il.'-cU Cs'j^d ■*-»-»-jj lS-^j »^ J^J 

And (remember) the Day when We sMI rai'.ve up from each nation a witness 

(their Messenger), then, those who have disbelieved will not be given leave 

(to put forward excuses), nor will they be allowed (to return to the world) to 

repent and ask for Allah' s Forgiveness (of their sins, etc.). 

And when those who did wrong (the disbelievers) will see the torment, then 

it will not be lightened unto them, nor will they be given respite. 

And when those who associated partners with Allah see their (Allah's 

so-called) partners, they will say: "Our Lord! These are our partners whom 

we used to invoke besides You. " But they will throw back their word at them 

(and say): "Surely! You indeed are liars! " 

And they will offer (their full) submission to Allah (Alone) on that Day, and 

their invented false deities [all that they used to invoke besides Allah, e.g. 

idols, saints, priests, monks, angels, jinns, Jibrael (Gabriel), Messengers, 

etc.] will vanish from them. 

Those who disbelieved and hinder (men) from the Path of Allah, for them 

We will add torment over the torment; because they used to spread 

corruption [by disobeying Allah themselves, as well as ordering others 

(mankind) to do so]. 

And (remember) the Day when We shall raise up from every nation a 

witness against them from amongst themselves. And We shall bring you (0 

Mu ammad M) as a witness against these. And We have sent down to you 

the Book (the Qur an) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a Mercy, 

and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allah as 

Muslims).' 6 " 1 



' Surah Al Zumar (39), ayah 69. 
' Surah Al Nahl (16), ayat 84-89. 



Page | 586 



50:21 'mankind' will be escorted and followed by witnessing angels; 

And every person will come forth along with an (angel) to drive (him), and 
an (angel) to bear witness. 1689 



75:14 moreover, 'mankind' will also bear witness against 

6:130 'himself /themselves; 



Nay! man will be a witness against himself [as his body parts (skin, hands, 
legs, etc.) will speak about his deeds].' 69 " 

,^p 'j-'-tij L^- L " a^liJl JLgj^Pj LL-ijI ,^p lij-fL IjJIi ljj-i iS~r?>! «LiJ 

O you assembly of jinns and mankind! "Did not there come to you 
Messengers from amongst you, reciting unto you My Verses and warning 
you of the Meeting of this Day of yours?" They will say: "We bear witness 
against ourselves. " It was the life of this world that deceived them. And they 
will bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers.' 69 ' 

78:40 'mankind' will not be able to remain silent about anything 'he' had 

committed; 



Cp l >y 

Verily, We have warned you of a near torment, the Day when man will see 
that (the deeds) which his hands have sent forth, and the disbeliever will 
say: "Woe to me! Would that I were dust!"' 692 

41:20-22 'mankind' will have testimony brought against 'himself by 'his' 

hearing, 'his' sight and 'his' skin; 



' Surah Qaf(50), ayah 21. 
' Surah Al Qiyamah (75), ayah 14. 
1 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 130. 
' Surah Al Naba' (78), ayah 40. 



Page I 587 



7)7/, wften ?ft<ry reaeft if (Hell-fire), their hearing (ears) and their eyes, and 

their skins will testify against them as to what they used to do. 

And they will say to their skins, "Why do you testify against us? " They will 

say: "Allah has caused us to speak, as He causes all things to speak, and He 

created you the first time, and to Him you are made to return. " 

And you have not been hiding against yourselves, lest your ears, and your 

eyes, and your skins testify against you, but you thought that Allah knew not 

much of what you were doing.' 6 '" 

36:65 their feet and hands will speak and their mouths will be closed. 



This day, We shall seal up their mouths, and their hands will speak to Us, 
and their legs will bear witness to what they used to earn, (it is said that 
one's left thigh will be the first to bear the witness). [Tafsir At-Tabari, Vol. 
22, Page 24]' m 



Interviewed 

102:8 So, by your Lord, We shall certainly call all of them to account. 

1 5 :92-93 For all that they used to do. 



Then, on that Day, you shall be asked about the delight (you indulged in, in 
this world)." 6 " 



So, by your Lord (O Muammad M), We shall certainly call all of them to 

account. 

For all that they used to do.' 696 



'Mankind' will receive the book of accounts 

39:69-70 'mankind' will be given a book of accounts for his deeds; in order 



' Surah Fussilat (41). ayat 20-22. 
1 Surah Ya Sin (36), ayah 65. 
s Surah Al Takathur (102), ayah 8. 
'' Surah Al Hijr (15), ayat 92-93. 



Page I 588 



45:28-29 that he understands his deeds without there being any doubt thereof. 

f-r^H iff^'i jl-l^iJIj ^tJiiJb Jt^Vj 4-^y' £-*?Jj '-pJ Jj^j l/°j"^' S^-4/*'J 

And fne eart/i will shine with the light of its Lord (Allah, when He will come 
to judge among men) and the Book will be placed (open) and the Prophets 
and the witnesses will be brought forward, and it will be judged between 
them with truth, and they will not be wronged. 

And each person will be paid in full of what he did; and He is best aware of 
what they do." 97 

(pO Q aLsju Jji& La r c >.QJL»0 b5 b I (*J»tJ U *Swj£- jjaju Lbr5 I J2A 

And yon w;7/ see each nation humbled to their knees (kneeling), each nation 
will be called to its record (of deeds). This Day you shall be recompensed 
for what you used to do. 

This Our record speaks about you with truth. Verily, We were recording 
what you used to do (i.e. Our angels used to record your deeds). 169 " 

17:13-14 And this will be enough for 'mankind' as their reckoning. 

Ijj.cio.4 AJJih Lii; *^= ^il5jl *^j ja} r-j^-j ^ j o •■ c A ^'ji^ *^-«V1 iV""^! J^3 

(^h) bL«*j>- dXJp (»3^' ^-^b L ^S'diIr6j' lyjl (^} 

And We nave fastened every man 's deeds to his neck, and on the Day of 

Resurrection, We shall bring out for him a Book which he will find wide 

open. 

(It will be said to him): "Read your book. You yourself are sufficient as a 

reckoner against you this Day. " Im 

84:7-9 And amongst 'mankind' will be those who receive the book with 

17:71 their right hands; they will not be at all mistreated, but they will in 

69:19 life be blessed by Allah. 

- ^ ^ ^ } i si* 



(CD) ' J 9/^*^ ^4b* I 



Then, as for him who will be given his record in his right hand, 
he surely will receive an easy reckoning, 



"" Surah Al Zumar (39), ayat 69-70. 
,MS Surah Al Jathiyah (45), ayat 28-29. 
"" Surah Allsra (17), ayat 13-14. 



Page 



and will return to his family in joy!" 1 



'21 %^i Oj-iJJiJ S/j Xi~^~= 



(And remember) the Day when We shall call together all human beings with 
their (respective) Imam [their Prophets, or their records of good and bad 
deeds, or their Holy Books like the Qur an, the Taurat (Torah), the Injeel 
(Gospel), etc.]. So whosoever is given his record in his right hand, such will 
read their records, and they will not be dealt with unjustly in the least.' 7 " 



Then as for him who will be given his record in his right hand will say: 
"Take, read my Record!' 702 



83:18 The book they will receive with their right hands is called 

'Illlyun (^_ji~£r)- 



Nay! Verily, the record (writing of the deeds) of Al-Abrar (the pious who 
fear Allah and avoid evil), is (preserved) in Illiyyun.' 701 

18:49 And amongst 'mankind' there are also those who receive the book 

84:10 from behind and from the left side. 

69:25 They are the group who reproach their deeds. 

IjLla JLa LixLjaLj Q*j*jLj\ aJs 1_«_4 r*a a wu» rr±*y>*^j\ i£j*^ ^_~i^5vJI *^o$\ 

And f/je Booi (one 's record) will be placed (in the right hand for a believer 
in the Oneness of Allah, and in the left hand for a disbeliever in the Oneness 
of Allah), and you will see the Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners, 
etc.), fearful of that which is (recorded) therein. They will say: "Woe to us! 
What sort of book is this that leaves neither a small thing nor a big thing, 
but has recorded it with numbers! "And they will find all that they did, 
placed before them, and your Lord treats no one with injustice.' 7 '"' 



,0 ° Surah Al Inshiqaq (84), ayat 7-9. 
,01 Surah Al Isra (17), ayah 71. 
,02 Surah Al Haqqah (69), ayah 19. 
"" Surah Al Mutafflfm (83), ayah 18. 
Surah Al Kahf ( 1 8), ayah 49. 

Page | 590 



Bm/ whosoever is given his record behind his back,.. 1701 

But as for him who will be given his record in his left hand, will say: "I wish 
that I had not been given my record!' 706 

83:7 The book of the people of the latter group is called Sijjin (/jotuj). 

Nay! Truly, the record (writing of the deeds) of the Fujjar (disbelievers, 
sinners, evil-doers and wicked) is (preserved) in Sijjin.' 7 " 7 

'Mankind' will read the book of their deeds 

45:28 Each soul will acknowledge and read the book of their deeds; 

81:10-14 although their deeds are already forgotten, the book will be full 

82:5 and complete. All of this in order to exhibit for each person 

100:7 their just desserts. 

And you will see each nation humbled to their knees (kneeling), each nation 
will be called to its record (of deeds). This Day you shall be recompensed 
for what you used to do.' 701 

Ijlj (f|p; Oj**^ ay^-l I^Jj lC^: ' " U^-.S '\ \ tf . II Ijjtj >"J : '- y^ ■ *~- ^ ll lil^ 

And when the written pages of deeds (good and bad) of every person shall 

be laid open; 

and when the heaven shall be stripped off and taken away from its place; 

and when Hell-fire shall be kindled to fierce ablaze. 

And when Paradise shall be brought near, 

(then) every person will know what he has brought (of good and evil).' 70 " 

(Then) a person will know what he has sent forward and (what he has) left 

™ Surah Al Inshiqaq (84), ayah 10. 
706 Surah Al Haqqah (69), ayah 25. 
™ 7 Surah Al Mutaffifin (83), ayah 7. 
™ ! Surah Jathiyah (45), ayah 28. 
"" Surah AITakwir (81), ayat 10-14. 

Page I 591 



behind (of good or bad deeds).' 7 " 

And to that fact he bears witness (by his deeds);' 7 " 

'Mankind' will see the consequences of their deeds 

99:6-8 Besides 'mankind' being able to read the complete book of their 

102:1-7 deeds, they will also be shown their deeds in the form of pictures 

78:40 or film - video. Many will feel ashamed and regretful. 

c|j "ji 'j" ys* J*- 2 —? iy^-i cr°i c|j 

That Day mankind will proceed in scattered groups that they may be shown 

their deeds. 

So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), 

shall see it. 

And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), 

shall see it.' 7 ' 2 

77ie mutual rivalry for piling up of worldly things diverts you, 

until you visit the graves (i.e. till you die). 

Nay! You shall come to know! 

Again, Nay! You shall come to know! 

Nay! If you knew with a sure knowledge (the end result of piling up, you 

would not have occupied yourselves in worldly things) 

Verily, you shall see the blazing Fire (Hell)! 

And again, you shall see it with certainty of sight! 17 " 



C-*i5 (A£~Lj Ji 60 1 J^JL j 1 JL) 0~« J-S U iyJi I ^ .'. SSI. ^~?ij5 H ' -^ (*^ i - , J -^ ' 



bl 



Cp 4> 



trf 



Ven'/y, Wie have warned you of a near torment, the Day when man will see 
that (the deeds) which his hands have sent forth, and the disbeliever will 



1,10 Surah Al Infitar (82), ayah 5. 
1711 Surah Al'Adiyat (100), ayah 7. 
"" Surah Al Zalzalah (99), ayat 6-8. 
1,131,13 Surah Al Takathur (102), ayat 1-7. 



Page | 592 



say: "Woe to me! Would that I were dust!"' 7 ' 4 

'Mankind' will listen to what they recorded 

45:28-31 This Our Record speaks about you with truth. Verily, We were 

recording what you used to do. 

>,,' ,> > ,,,,•>., »- , - ,' tt l ' ^* . *t t > 

Ulj f;vT;;: 0>'-« J ^ JfcLS' C« ?*_~^_Io L5 Ljj (J^-JLj (i^N^ jh'~ tv^ '-^-* 

La ^5 iUSj f^SvjLlli ^5^~L& /iij <J^s ;j5sJ jUsI Ijj^jib j^AJl 1-alj f;^; ^-«J ' 

And you Wf'W see each nation humbled to their knees (kneeling), each nation 

will be called to its record {of deeds). This Day you shall be recompensed 

for what you used to do. 

This Our record speaks about you with truth. Verily, We were recording 

what you used to do (i.e. Our angels used to record your deeds). 

Then, as for those who believed (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic 

Monotheism) and did righteous good deeds, their Lord will admit them to 

His Mercy. That will be the evident success. 

But as for those who disbelieved (it will be said to them): "Were not Our 

Verses recited to you ? But you were proud, and you were a people who 

were Mujrimun (polytheists, disbelievers, sinners, criminals). """ 

The balancing of the deeds of mankind' 

2 1 :47 Then as for him whose balance will be heavy, 

1 8 : 1 03 - 1 06 he will live a pleasant life. 

101 :6-9 But as for him whose balance will be light, 

he will have his home in Hawiyah. 

And We shall set up balances of justice on the Day of Resurrection, then 
none will be dealt with unjustly in anything. And if there be the weight of a 
mustard seed, We will bring it. and Sufficient are We as Reckoners.' 716 



1714 Surah Al Naba' (78), ayah 40. 

1715 Surah Al Jathiyah (45), ayat 28-3 1. 
1,16 Surah Al Anbiya' (21), ayah 47. 

Page | 593 



Say (O Mu ammad 0): "Shall We tell you the greatest losers in respect of 

(their) deeds? 

"Those whose efforts have been wasted in this life while they thought that 

they were acquiring good by their deeds! 

"They are those who deny the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, 

signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord and the Meeting with Him (in the 

Hereafter). So their works are in vain, and on the Day of Resurrection, We 

shall not give them any weight. 

"That shall be their recompense, Hell; because they disbelieved and took 

My Ay at (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and My 

Messengers by way of jest and mockery."" 

Then as for him whose balance (of good deeds) will be heavy, 
he will live a pleasant life (in Paradise). 
But as for him whose balance (of good deeds) will be light, 
he will have his home in Hawiyah (pit, i.e. Hell)."" 

Remorse or regret that is late 

There are various kinds of remorse from people who did not believe in the 
coming of the Day of Judgement. All of these regrets will serve no purpose and their 
pleas will not be fulfilled. All of them were too late. Take heed of the following Ayat: 

2:165-167 

JujJ^ auI q\j li^«->- *i o^JLlI q\ Cj\l*i\ Qjjj ij IjUJi (j;JJI iSy. y>i *& 4 s " 
LL« 'jf^rJ L^S" *4r? L/?-^ *J^ ^ ^_j' ^ '>*-h' l#^' J^3 ''©! s^W^"^' 



7 Surah AlKahf ( 18), ayat 103-106. 

8 Surah Al Qari'ah (101), ayat 6-9. 

Page | 594 



And of mankind are some who take others besides Allah as rivals. They love 

them as they love Allah. But those who believe, love Allah more. If only, 

those who do wrong could see, when they will see the torment, that all 

power belongs to Allah and that Allah is severe in punishment. 

When those who were followed, disown those who followed, and they see 

the torment, then all their relations will be cut off from them. 

And those who followed will say: "If only we had one more chance to 

return, we would disown them as they have disowned us ". Thus Allah will 

show them their deeds as regrets for them. And they will never get out of the 

Fire. 17 " 



6:27-32 



a^s- \j^. L«J lj:>UJ Ij^j jij (Jli qa oyL& IjjS" U *Jb Ijj ^Jj ;T~ t j^ajil 



/f you co«W o«f .see wnen they will be held over the Fire! They will say: 

"Would that we were but sent back! Then we would not deny the Ayat of our 

Lord, and we would be of the believers!" 

Nay, it has become manifest to them what they had been concealing before. 

But if they were returned, they would certainly revert to that which they 

were forbidden. And indeed they are liars. 

And they said: "There is no (other life) but our life of this world, and never 

shall we be resurrected. " 

If you could but see when they will be held in front of their Lord! They will 

say: "Yes, by our Lord!" He will then say: "So taste you the torment 

because you used not to believe. " 

They indeed are losers who denied their Meeting with Allah, until all of a 

sudden, the Hour is on them, and they say: "Alas for us that we gave no 

thought to it, " while they will bear their burdens on their backs; and evil 

indeed are the burdens that they will bear! 

And the life of this world is nothing but play and amusement. But far better 



' Surah Al Baqarah (2), ayat 165-167. 

Page I 595 



is the house in the Hereafter for those who are Al-Muttaqun. Will you not 
then understand?'™ 



10:54 



\j\j UJ 4_aljUJl lj/wij ^ 0>JLX3"^ l _bj'^l ^ La C^Llii L -*^flJ JSO <j' >5j 



Op Oj-*-V^ ^ (1-*J U '■■ I U ^a g" JU 



jlJuJI 



And if every person who had wronged, possessed all that is on the earth, 
and sought to ransom himself therewith (it will not be accepted), and they 
would feel in their hearts regret when they see the torment, and they will be 
judged with justice, and no wrong will be done unto them." 2 ' 



14:31 



© J 1 ^ ^j w jj 'i f3i ^ o 1 

Say to IbddT who have believed, that they should perform A - alat, and 
spend in charity out of the sustenance We have given them, secretly and 
openly, before the coming of a Day on which there will be neither mutual 
bargaining nor befriending.' 722 

23:101-111 



^.-Ajl £JLlJjl_9 j<UjJj-4 C-Jl>- ^ ". j A j (i;t7p: ^^_j^>tifl_«J I ^ ^iJ^lIjli j<UjJj-4 



1720 Surah Al Anam (6), ayat 27-32. 

1721 Surah Yunus (10), ayah 54. 

1722 Surah Ibrahim (14), ayah 31. 



Page | 596 



Then, when the Trumpet is blown, there will be no kinship among them that 
Day, nor will they ask of one another. 

Then, those whose scales are heavy, - these, they are the successful. 
And those whose scales are light, - they are those who lose their ownselves, 
in Hell will they abide. 

The Fire will burn their faces, and therein they will grin, with displaced 
lips. 

"Were not My Ayat recited to you, and then you used to deny them? " 
They will say: "Our Lord! Our wretchedness overcame us, and we were 
(an) erring people. 

"Our Lord! Bring us out of this; if ever we return (to evil), then indeed we 
shall be dlimun. " 

He will say: "Remain you in it with ignominy! And speak you not to Me! " 
Verily! There was a party of My slaves, who used to say: "Our Lord! We 
believe, so forgive us, and have mercy on us, for You are the Best of all who 
show mercy! " 

But you took them for a laughingstock, so much so that they made you 
forget My Remembrance while you used to laugh at them! 
Verily! I have rewarded them this Day for their patience, they are indeed 
the ones that are successful." 21 

25:25-29 

JlL) (JfJ ^Lli- d^i JJ-\ jj ,j£j (ji^iJ i(|'j ~%^ Jj-l^jT i-. iaiT 

|jj "bljjfl- j^-J^J ^Js-iJ 1 -^Lj^=) (ji'U- ij '±*jjs=>&\ q£- (j-U'l 

And the Day when the heaven shall be rent asunder with clouds, and the 

angels will be sent down, with a grand descending. 

The sovereignty of that Day will be the true, belonging to the Most 

Beneficent, and it will be a hard Day for the disbelievers. 

And the Day when the dlim will bite at his hands, he will say: "Oh! Would 

that I had taken a path with the Messenger. 

Ah! Woe to me! Would that I had never taken so-and-so as a friend! 

"He indeed led me astray from the Reminder after it had come to me. And 

Shai an is ever a deserter to man in the hour of need. " m " 



32:12-14 






' Surah AIMuminQn (23), ayat 101-111. 
1 Surah Al Furqan (25), ayat 25-29. 



Page I 597 



JliL~j LL \j3j jj fjjj /"T jyurt-l ^bJlj 3L>JI N J|T_ r » ^-fr?" oSL»"i/ (^? J>°-" 

And (J you only could see when the Mujrimun shall hang their heads before 
their Lord: "Our Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send us back, we 
will do righteous good deeds. Verily! We now believe with certainty. " 
And if We had willed, surely! We would have given every person his 
guidance, but the Word from Me took effect, that I will fill Hell with jinn 
and 'mankind' together. 

Then taste you (the torment of the Fire) because of your forgetting the 
Meeting of this Day of yours, surely! We too will forget you, so taste you the 
abiding torment for what you used to do.' 72 ' 

36:48-54 

Cjj -^-U>*-?ji (^j~' <j! "^3 *i^P Oj*;j?"'*"J "^ 'S3 O j " •0'i r (»-*j «-»■*» lj 

,y> \i£yj l_jJLs (Jjj! ^TjjL-^j j^jjj JJ vijIaa-MI £^ j^j. lili jj4=JI 4 jtiij 

o-j b== 0! C~--' : ^_J>'~ u j-*-' ' ■ 9 -b^>j ilr^r ' "^3 ' * l2A ^ ^/* ilr? ^*-J 

Slj ll~i ,j~2J («i&j Si fjiJli C'J'J; OjL/^ 1 ^- &-J ■*«**■ («-* 'H^ S- 1 ?-'} "^^^> Si J 

(JjJ 0>L«-«J „»'-^-= b Slj ^ljj_rf 

And «j<ry w>(7/ .say; "When will this promise be fulfilled, if you are truthful? " 

They await only but a single ai ah, which will seize them while they are 

disputing! 

Then they will not be able to make bequest, nor they will return to their 

family. 

And the Trumpet will be blown and behold! From the graves they will come 

out quickly to their Lord. 

They will say: "Woe to us! Who has raised us from our place of sleep. " (It 

will be said to them): "This is what the Most Beneficent had promised, and 

the Messengers spoke truth! " 

It will be but a single ai ah, so behold! they will all be brought up before 

Us! 

This Day, none will be wronged in anything, nor will you be requited 

anything except that which you used to do. 1 ™ 

40:10-12 



' Surah AI Sajdah (32). ayat 12-14. 
'' Surah Ya Sin (36), ayat 48-54. 



Page I 598 



Those who disbelieve will be addressed: "Allah's aversion was greater 

towards you than your aversion towards one another, when you were called 

to the Faith but you used to refuse. " 

They will say: "Our lord! You have made us to die twice, and You have 

given us life twice! Now we confess our sins, then is there any way to get 

out? " 

(It will be said): "This is because, when Allah Alone was invoked you 

disbelieved, but when partners were joined to Him, you believed! So the 

Judgement is only with Allah, the Most High, the Most Great!"" 27 

78:38-40 

LIJLP l&jjjl bl Jjj ISlii ^4jj J) Si-\ ili l ^i Q-\ ?yj\ kUJ'j (JjJ 

77ie Day rfia/ Ar-Ru and the angels will stand forth in rows, none shall 

speak except him whom the Most Beneficent allows, and he will speak what 

is right. 

That is without doubt the True Day, so, whosoever wills, let him seek a 

place with His Lord! 

Verily, We have warned you of a near torment, - the day when man will see 

that which his hands have sent forth, and the disbeliever will say: "Woe to 

me! Would that I were dust!"" 2 " 

89:21-26 

ttS^-'i !©! ^-"-^ ^-"-^ kiJJLJIj kiXjj il?-j J'?} 60 60 ^_j0'S*i\ ^-^^ '^! "$& 
cj ii (_ji^j J_jjj <Q;i ^_s[fJi I il lj I j ,^^-j ^1 1 ^^= Juj a_«3i ->h£' •VOj 

(Jjj Oo-I jisLVj Jjjjj STj Jjj; -l«-l j4jI ji 4 J - L *J 2 r^ji* ifij <j^" 

Way/ Wften tfie eart/i i.v ground to powder, 

And your Lord comes with the angels in rows, 

And Hell will be brought near that Day. On that Day will man remember, 

but how will that remembrance avail him? 

He will say: "Alas! Would that I had sent forth for my life!" 

So on that Day, none will punish as He will punish. 



' SurahAlMumin[orGhafir](40), ayat 10-12. 
! Surah Naba' (78), ayat 38-40. 



Page I 599 



And none will bind as He will bind." 29 

The Recompense for the actions of 'mankind' 

The recompense for 'mankind' will be in accordance with their actions. Bad 
deeds and good deeds, whether great or small will be remunerated in accordance with the 
decision of Allah. There will be no loss whatsoever (within this process). Take heed of 
the following Ayat: 

3:25-30 

Si V* j !■!■: •'•*-= la ,j~iJ J-^= i^—isj **J V^U * ^jii -*" i ' ' * " T" ' *I "— °-& 

At 

I_j£i3 o' j! s^ j *"' ,£•!*? J~s^ -ilJ'S Ll*-^ CrO Ofe?J-°-" Oj- 3 ^ »^jj' 

A la \^SL>Cl Cj\ ^Js (;'"';; ^ ^ i II *UJl ,J|3 J<U~jLj *UJI , ^~=jJj>lJJ 4 ■ 5" ^,a g •■ 4 

,yp <lulj ^pbjSH ^ Uj cu'^i^Ul ^ La fi-ljuj *0J I d_«iju aj-Cj jl ^=jjJ-y=> 
La J I^Ja^ J^S~ -yA o~U-£- L* , ; '■ o' 1 J ^ — i -L>*j (*3^ ^)' ^r^ f -I_—^ J ^ — ' 

*UJU jri ... 6'' fiibl , £ — 'j I e*Jj I JL~aj I -La I j4J~UJ I g • ' J <^l \J ^jJ ej^w -^a ', " W c 

. — f 

How wften We gather them together on the Day about which there is no 

doubt. And each person will be paid in full what he has earned? And they 

will not be dealt with unjustly. 

Say: "O Allah! Possessor of the Kingdom, You give the kingdom to whom 

You will, and You take the kingdom from whom You will, and You endue 

with honour whom You will, and You humiliate whom You will. In Your 

Hand is the good. Verily, You are Able to do all things. 

You make the night to enter into the day, and You make the day to enter into 

the night, You bring the living out of the dead, and You bring the dead out of 

the living. And You give wealth and sustenance to whom You will, without 

limit. 

Let not the believers take the disbelievers as Auliya instead of the believers, 

and whoever does that will never be helped by Allah in any way, except 



' Surah Al Fajr (89), ayat 21-26. 

Page | 600 



indeed if you fear a danger from them. And Allah warns you against 

Himself, and to Allah is the final return. 

Say: "Whether you hide what is in your breasts or reveal it, Allah knows it, 

and he knows what is in the heavens and what is in the earth. And Allah is 

Able to do all things. " 

On the Day when every person will be confronted with all the good he has 

done, and all the evil he has done, he will wish that there were a great 

distance between him and his evil. And Allah warns you against Himself 
and Allah is full of kindness to the slaves.' 7 " 

3:161-163 

4 • , t > ' > *' E ' *- ' ' * r ' % ' * ' - E * * - I . . ' . 

" o~^ J-^ 3 Sy p v'ffl i fjiJ^^i 9-^ li^-i o*'i J^ ^' Isj^- ^ i 

ft « not for any Prophet to take illegally a part of the booty, and whosoever 

deceives his companions as regards the booty, he shall bring forthon the 

Day of Resurrection that which he took. Then every person shall be paid in 

full what he has earned, - and they shall not be dealt with unjustly. 

Is then one who follows the good pleasure of Allah like the one who draws 

on himself the Wrath of Allah? - his abode is Hell, - and worst, indeed is 

that destination! 

They are in varying grades with Allah, and Allah is All-Seer of what they 

do.' 7 " 

6:132 



For all there will be degrees according to what they did. And your Lord is 
not unaware of what they do.' 732 



7:6-9 






l "° Surah Al Imran (3), ayat 25-30. 

1731 Surah Al Imran (3), ayat 161-163. 

1732 Surah Al An'am (6), ayah 132. 



Page | 601 



> II* - 



77ien surely, We shall question those to whom it was sent and verily, We 

shall question the Messengers. 

Then surely, We shall narrate unto them with knowledge, and indeed We 

were not absent. 

And the weighing on that Day will be the true. So as for those whose scale 

will be heavy, they will be the successful. 

And as for those whose scale will be light, they are those who will lose their 

ownselves because they denied and rejected Our Ayat.' 7 " 



10:52-53 






77ien it will be said to them who wronged themselves: "Taste you the 
everlasting torment! Are you recompensed save what you used to earn?" 
And they ask you to inform them: "Is it true? " Say: "Yes! By my Lord! It is 
the very truth! and you cannot escape from it!"' 714 



16:111 



Si ^-aj o-U-P L. Lr JL, Jk= jyj tj^jj ^i J-l£f Lr JL, J^= j\3 fy_ # 

( Remember) the Day when every person will come up pleading for himself, 
and every one will be paid in full for what he did and they will not be dealt 
with unjustly. 17 " 



27:89-90 



Whoever brings a good deed, will have better than its worth, and they will 
be safe from the terror on that Day. 

And whoever brings an evil, they will be cast down (prone) on their faces in 
the Fire. (And it will be said to them) "Are you being recompensed anything 
except what you used to do ? " ,m 



30:12-16 



' SurahAlA'raf(7), ayat 6-9. 
1 Surah Yunus (10), ayat 52-53. 
s Surah AINahl(16), ayah 111. 
'' Surah Al Naml (27), ayat 89-90. 



Page | 602 



,jTj Oxr^ii^- t_jl JuLil ^ -iLlljli s3-=r*5TI c^IiJj lifyli; i>> JSj ijjiS" 

And on the Day when the Hour will be established, the Mujrimun will be 

plunged into destruction with deep regrets, sorrows, and despair. 

No intercessor will they have from those whom they made equal with Allah, 

and they will reject and deny their partners. 

And on the Day when the Hour will be established, - that Day shall be 

separated. 

Then as for those who believed and did righteous good deeds, such shall be 

honoured and made to enjoy luxurious life in a Garden of delight. 

And as for those who disbelieved and belied Our Ayat, and the Meeting of 

the Hereafter, - such shall be brought forth to the torment."" 

34:3-5 

iijij Si i_~iH j^S- \ ^alljill ^jj <\Jj *Ji iiLUl llutj Si IjyiS' oi~Jl jLsj 
tj S!j^s=l H'$ jO'i^ J>^\ ^(jiO^I ;_! Slj OJ'yI-Dl ,j 8ji JLii? *li 



Those who disbelieve say: "The Hour will not come to us. " Say: "Yes, by 

my Lord, it will come to you. " (Allah, He is) the All-Knower of the unseen, 

not even the weight of an atom or less than that or greater, escapes from His 

Knowledge in the heavens or in the earth, but it is in a Clear Book. 

That He may recompense those who believe and do righteous good deeds. 

Those, theirs is forgiveness and Rizqun KarTm (generous provision, i.e. 

Paradise). 

But for those who strive against Our Ayat to frustrate them, - those, for them 

will be a severe painful torment." 18 

39:71-75 



1737 Surah Al Rum (30), ayat 12-16. 
" lli Surah Saba' (34), ayat 3-5. 



Page | 603 



ISO^j ;li) ISojJJlxjj n^vj s^'* r^N^ Oj^J ^r? J"j p^-iW «-" ^J^" 

Uj^jij joj-pj IIsj^j t^jJl Ji j-iiJl IjJlij (Jjrj o^r^-*" Lijii-ils JUIl= 

*^ -i-ii-l J-^sj J3-L; (<4-^h <j^j m-j J-i£ o.p'j--^ L r3*-' ' Ji^" Cr? ^~Ui "* 

Anrf i/jo.se wfto disbelieved will be driven to Hell in groups, till, when they 

reach it, the gates thereof will he opened. And its keepers will say, "Did not 

the Messengers come to you from yourselves, - reciting to you the Ay at of 

your Lord, and warning you of the Meeting of this Day of yours? " They will 

say: "Yes, but the Word of torment has been justified against the 

disbelievers! " 

It will be said: "Enter you the gates of Hell, to abide therein. And what an 

evil abode of the arrogant!" 

And those who kept their duty to their Lord will be lead to Paradise in 

groups, till, when they reach it, and its gates will he opened and its keepers 

will say: "Salamun Alaikum! You have done well, so enter here to abide 

therein. " 

And they will say: "All the praises and thanks be to Allah Who has fulfilled 

His Promise to us and made us inherit (this) land. We can dwell in Paradise 

where we will; how excellent a reward for the workers! " 

And you will see the angels surrounding the Throne from all round, 

glorifying the praises of their Lord. And they will be judged with truth, and 

it will be said. All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the 

Alamln. '""' 

79:34-41 

i<£ fi^ op d3 ^-^' 5 i£*-' _/'»j CD if° cf ^ Si) <^> cr*4 

SU Cs'&ti i> 

But when there comes the greatest catastrophe, 



' Surah Al Zumar (39), ayat 71-75. 

Page | 604 



The Day when man shall remember what he strove for, 
And Hell-fire shall be made apparent in full view for {every) one who sees, 
Then, for him who -iggha."" 
And preferred the life of this world, 
Verily, his abode will be Hell-fire; 

But as for him who feared standing before his Lord, and restrained himself 
from impure evil desires, and lusts. 
Verily, Paradise will be his abode.' 74 ' 

99:1-8 

^f^ ibji \y^ 3ji 

Wften //ie earth is shaken with its (final) earthquake. 
And when the earth throws out its burdens, 
And man will say: "What is the matter with it? " 
That Day it will declare its information. 
Because your Lord has inspired it. 

That Day 'mankind' will proceed in scattered groups that they may be 
shown their deeds. 

So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it. 
And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom, shall see it.' 742 

'Mankind' divided into three groups 

56:1-10 At that time 'mankind' will be divided into three groups; the group 

on the right, the group on the left, and that group of people who were 
foremost in faith. 

C-S-j lij (JvJ; 2l»JIj Sybils- (JyJ; Suitf ifiiji J~J J!j! ~*ii\y>\ s^-^j '^! 

When the event (i.e. the Day of Resurrection) befalls. 
And there can be no denying of its befalling. 



Transgressed all bounds, in disbelief, oppression, and evil deeds of disobedience to Allah. 

1 Surah AINaziat (79), ayat 34-41. 

2 Surah Al Zalzalah (99), ayat 1-8. 



Page | 605 



It will bring low (some); (and others) it will exalt; 

when the earth will be shaken with a terrible shake. 

and the mountains will be powdered to dust. 

So that they will become floating dust particles. 

And you (all) will be in three kinds (i.e. separate groups). 

So those on the right hand (i.e. those who will be given their records in their 

right hands), who will be those on the right hand? (as a respect for them, 

because they will enter Paradise). 

And those on the left hand (i.e. those who will be given their record in their 

left hands), who will be those on the left hand? (as a disgrace for them, 

because they will enter Hell). 

And those foremost [(in Islamic faith of Monotheism and in performing 

righteous deeds) in the life of this world on the very first call for to embrace 

Islam,] will be foremost (in Paradise).' 7 " 

56:90-96 The recompense for those on the right will be salvation. The 

punishment of Allah will be for the group on the left and Hell will be 
their abode. 

Ijii o! CSS j**& *~L}»j j (Jjj^—a^^ Jjis (Jjj jJUiJI ^aSCLlI ^a q€ 

And if he (the dying person) be of those on the right hand, 

then there is safety and peace (from the punishment of Allah) for (you as 

you are from) those on the right hand. 

But if he (the dying person) be of the denying (of the Resurrection), the 

erring (away from the right path of Islamic Monotheism), 

then for him is entertainment with boiling water. 

And burning in Hell-fire. 

Verily, this! This is an absolute truth with certainty. 

So glorify with praises the name of your Lord, the Most Great. 1 ' 44 

74:38-47 Various dialogues will take place between those on the right and the 

occupants of Hell. 

vM~J i JjSo L^J t~C!\ ^X- ^ ,*-* r^*J^~ ^ ' *- — ' j ((asv5 ("jpvJL^JI . »V i ' 1 ^Aj JaJj 

Every person is a pledge for what he has earned, 



' Surah Al Waqi'ah (56), ayat 1-10. 
1 Surah Al Waqi'ah (56), ayat 90-96. 



Page | 606 



except those on the right, (i.e. the pious true believers of Islamic 

Monotheism); 

in gardens (Paradise) they will ask one another, 

about Al-Mujrimun (polytheists, criminals, disbelievers, etc.), (and they 

will say to them): 

"What has caused you to enter Hell? " 

They will say: "We were not of those who used to offer their aldt (prayers) 

"Nor we used to feed Al-Miskin (the poor); 

"And we used to talk falsehood (all that which Allah hated) with vain 

talkers. 

"And we used to belie the Day of Recompense 

"Until there came to us (the death) that is certain. """ 



The everlasting life of Paradise and Hell 

2:80-82 Yes! Whosoever earns evil and his sin has surrounded him, they are 

dwellers of the Fire; they dwell therein forever. 
And those who believe and do righteous good deeds, they are 
dwellers of Paradise, they will dwell therein 
forever. 

AJJltliii-'^Ji \'j^s- *&l -L^f p-^-' Ifi SiijjJiI 1.151 ^1) Jul ILLij J ijJLsj 

, > *. > ' u <- - ' -'.-.. 



© -1jj4^ ^ r* 



<I>JI ^!^t^>l iiXjJ«l 



And ?ney (Jews) ray, "Tne F/re (i.e. Hell-fire on the Day of Resurrection) 

shall not touch us but for a few numbered days. " Say (O Mu ammad M to 

them): "Have you taken a covenant from Allah, so that Allah will not break 

His Covenant? Or is it that you say of Allah what you know not?" 

Yes! Whosoever earns evil and his sin has surrounded him, they are 

dwellers of the Fire (i.e. Hell); they will Dwell therein forever. 

And those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah - Islamic Monotheism) and 

do righteous good deeds, they are dwellers of Paradise, they will dwell 

therein forever. '"" 



' Surah Al Muddaththir (74), ayat 38-47. 
'' Surah AI Baqarah (2), ayat 80-82. 



Page | 607 



Page | 608 



CHAPTER 8 
Hell and Paradise 



tjgjj QtJ]\ \jju\ jjjj ^_j±fA$2}\ l^J ll^>- ^) 



There is not one of you but will pass over it (Hell); this is 
with your Lord; a Decree which must be accomplished. 
Then We shall save those who used to fear Allah and 
were dutiful to Him. And We shall leave the alimun 
therein to their knees.' 747 






Anii march forth in the way (which leads to) forgiveness 
from your Lord, and for Paradise as wide as are the 
heavens and the earth, prepared for Al-Muttaqun.™ 



' Surah Maryam (19), ayat 71-72. 
' Surah Al Imran (3), ayah 133. 



Page | 609 



Hell 



The Causes for 'mankind' to enter Hell 

4:1 16-120 There is the subjective influence asserted by Shaitan who always 

misleads submission and obedience towards himself. This despite 
15:42-44 the fact that Shaitan always breaks his promises; is not truthful 

towards 'mankind' regarding his invitations to them to follow him; 
14:22 they (Shaitan and his helpers) are unable to offer help to 'mankind' 

from the torment of Hell and moreover, and they themselves will 

inhabit Hell for all time. 

'! ^Loi^-^- o!3 ^! ^! -^is- 3 cji *dji i '- i i o! S'Sj! '-^fH ^A*> J-i -Lai 
^_LjJ^> }4s"% ^>^ ^ZjW> J^=ilJs '{j£'j*% ^-FiP^J p-A^J 

Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with 

Him, but He forgives whom He pleases sins other than that, and whoever 

sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away. 

They (all those who worship others than Allah) invoke nothing but female 

deities besides Him (Allah), and they invoke nothing but Shai an (Satan), a 

persistent rebel! 

Allah cursed him. And he [Shai an (Satan)] said: "I will take an appointed 

portion of Your slaves; 

Verily, I will mislead them, and surely, I will arouse in them false desires; 

and certainly, I will order them to slit the ears of cattle, and indeed I will 

order them to change the nature created by Allah. " And whoever takes 

Shai an (Satan) as a WalTy (protector or helper) instead of Allah, has surely 

suffered a manifest loss. 

He [Shai an (Satan)] makes promises to them, and arouses in them false 

desires; and Shai an 's (Satan) promises are nothing but deceptions. 1749 

£4*~ ^13 © OiJ 1 -^" cji '^*r i ' Cj" *] Cr^~" }-v^ ^ <j~J <J}^t? oj 



r ~\ : J*y- JLa f y>- 1^ i_jb jJSO i—J'jjl 4jC-« LA (;'~^: Cjfc*^'^ 1+JbJS-^yd 

"Certainly, you shall have no authority over My slaves, except those who 



' Surah Al Nisi' (4), ayat 116-120. 

Page | 610 



follow you of the Ghawin (Mushrikun and those who go astray, criminals, 

polytheists, and evil-doers, etc.). 

:And surely, Hell is the promised place for them all. 

"It (Hell) has seven gates, for each of those gates is a (special) class (of 

sinners) assigned.' 7 " 

^Jojijj jAJ J-Pj li=ipj 41)1 ^_jl 'jA^i\ ^jjai UJ ^4sLiS\ Jlij 
At At 

At \ i* 

And S/ia; an (Satan) will say when the matter has been decided: "Verily, 
Allah promised you a promise of truth, and I too promised you, but I 
betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, so you 
responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, 
nor can you help me. I deny your former act in associating me (Satan) as a 
partner with Allah (by obeying me in the life of the world). Verily, there is a 
painful torment for the alimun (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.). """ 

Disputes amongst 'mankind' at the time of entering Hell 

7:36-41 They will ('mankind' ) plead for those who entered Hell ahead of 

them to receive double torment; 
38:59-64 likewise those of 'mankind' who have already entered Hell will ask 

for protection from it; but they will all be together in Hell, unable to 
40:47-48 help each other. Such will be the situation in Hell and there they will 

continue disputing. 

' > u <* , , ( , ■ i -„.,,', - ...,*.- "- 

Ojoiia- Lpj *,-& jlDl d^s^^=>\ li-LdjI LjLe- lj_^sCiilj UxylL I_jj JS" ^Ly.jJij 

pltfr^j i-ilSj liLlJjl IajljUj CjJS $\ ti'jS &i\ jjp ££ji\ Q-*-; JLUii q^3 (Jjj 

At 

^j> I ^ I jli- j I J li (y? J '<j„ji£ \J> f ^4" I p-p^ I JJ-t ij J-p" j Lli i jL> i_«J la aU I 
^ 4 .,*,<«. ,, ,*j •"" , - « ... j - , ,, .- 

l^Us li_jJL>l .^jl* LuJ ^-Jj - ^ ^4^' <i-Jtf ^W^ y ijiwybl ISJ ^ 

- i ',' < - » ",'*"<-.', s ' - 

^_Jjl oJlij (;rj: 0>«-Laj "^ rp^J ^Ja*^> (JSO Jli jbjl ^a Lfijt-^3 bl JLP 



1750 Surah Al Hijr (15), ayat 42-44. 

1751 Surah Ibrahim (14), ayah 22. 



Page I 611 



fjj Oi?^" ^-^ ^-4'^J ; ^'3^ -"-03* CxiJ ^-^ H*~ 

But those who reject Our Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, 

revelations, etc.) and treat them with arrogance, they are the dwellers of the 

(Hell) Fire, they will abide therein forever. 

Who is more unjust than one who invents a lie against Allah or rejects His 

Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.)? For such 

their appointed portion (good things of this worldly life and their period of 

stay therein) will reach them from the Book (of Decrees) until, when Our 

Messengers (the angel of death and his assistants) come to them to take 

their souls, they (the angels) will say: "Where are those whom you used to 

invoke and worship besides Allah, " they will reply, "They have vanished 

and deserted us. " And they will bear witness against themselves, that they 

were disbelievers. 

(Allah) will say: "Enter you in the company of nations who passed away 

before you, of men andjinns, into the Fire. " Every time a new nation enters, 

it curses its sister nation (that went before), until they will be gathered all 

together in the Fire. The last of them will say to the first of them: "Our 

Lord! These misled us, so give them a double torment of the Fire. " He will 

say: "For each one there is doub