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Manning J ohnson 


I In the Web 

H Subverting Negro Churches 

III Red Plot To Use Negroes 

IV Bane of Red Integration 
V Destroying the Opposition 

Table of Contents 

VI The Real "Uncle Toms" 

VII Creating Hate 

VIII Modern Day Carpet Baggers 

IX Race Pride is Passe 

X Wisdom Needed 


Ten years I labored in the cause of Communism. I was a dedicated "comrade." All my talents and efforts were zealously used to 
bring about the triumph of Communism in America and throughout the world. To me, the end of capitalism would mark the 
beginning of an interminable period of plenty, peace, prosperity and universal comradeship. All racial and class differences and 
conflicts would end forever after the liquidation of the capitalists, their government and their supporters. A world union of Soviet 
States under the hegemony of Russia would free and lead mankind on to Utopia. 

Being an idealist, I was sold this "bill of goods" by a Negro graduate of the Lenin Institute in Moscow. 

The color of one's skin is no bar to a young man or woman dreaming of making a better world. Like other Negroes, I experienced 
and saw many injustices and inequities around me based upon color, not ability. I was told that "the decadent capitalist system is 
responsible," that "mass pressure" could force concessions but "that just prolongs the life of capitalism"; that I must unite and 
work with all those who more or less agree that capitalism must go. 

Little did I realize until I was deeply enmeshed in the Red Conspiracy, that just and seeming grievances are exploited to transform 
idealism into a cold and ruthless weapon against the capitalist system — that this is the end toward which all the communist 
efforts among Negroes are directed. 

Indeed, I had entered the red conspiracy in the vain belief that it was the way to a "new, better and superior" world system of 
society. Ten years later, thoroughly disillusioned, I abandoned communism. The experiences of those years in "outer darkness" 
are like a horrible nightmare. I saw communism in all its naked cruelty, ruthlessness and utter contempt of Christian attributes and 
passions. And, too, I saw the low value placed upon human life, the total lack of respect for the dignity of man, the betrayal of 
trust, the terror of the Secret Police and the bloody hand of the assassin, during and since, those fateful years when I embraced 

I was lured into the red movement by way of the American Negro Labor Congress, one of the many "front organizations" set up 
by the communists to trap the naive, unwary, unsuspecting and idealistic Negro. The use of such attractive and appealing fronts as 
a means of entrapment is a most important serpentine method of the reds. 

After two years of practical training in organizing street demonstrations, inciting mob violence, how to fight the police and how to 
politically "throw a brick and hide," I was ready, in the opinion of my leaders, for a top communist school. 

At a secret national training school in New York City, I was given an extensive and intensive course in the theory and practice of 
red political warfare. As a result, I was appointed District Organizer by the Political Bureau of the Communist Party in the 
Buffalo, New York area, one of the vital industrial sections of our country. It was in the position of District Organizer that I 
learned to use secret codes, "mail drops," organize clandestine meetings, "shake police shadows" and other underground 
activities. At the same time I became acquainted with the nature of communist sabotage and espionage. 

Color, Communism and Common Sense 

My zeal, training, both theoretical and practical, combined with loyalty and willingness to sacrifice, changed me from a novice 
into a dedicated red — a professional revolutionist. Consequently, I climbed rapidly to the National Committee, the highest 
governing body of the Communist Party in America. 

Being a Negro top communist, I was placed on the National Negro Commission, an important sub-committee of the National 
Committee of the Communist Party. On this Commission, which was created on direct orders from Moscow to facilitate the 
subversion of the Negroes, I began to realize the full implications of how the Negro is used as a political dupe by the Kremlin 
hierarchy. Under the guise of "unity of black and white in the struggle," several top white communists, such as Tames S. Allen, 
Elizabeth Lawson, the late Robert "Bob" Minor, and George Blake Charney were placed on the National Negro Commission. 
These white communists wielded more power than the nominal Negro heads of the Commission. In a word, they are like white 
overseers. Every Negro member was aware of the fact that these white overseers constituted the eyes, the ears and the voice of the 
Kremlin. Moreover, these white overseers are the surest functional guarantee of the maintenance of the hierarchical authoritarian 
control of the Kremlin over their Negro lickspittles directing the conspiracy among Negroes in America. 

Indeed, it is the white group on the National Negro Commission that holds full sway. They flatter one or two top Negroes by 
making them feel they are actually participating in the formulation of policy by consulting with them prior to meetings of the 
Commission. Then these two Negroes are assigned to lay down the line to the other Negroes on the Commission. The white 
members check to make sure they do. Their opinion of what a Negro member says at a meeting can either make or break him. 
Usually, the Negro who is broken is accused of "petty bourgeois nationalism," that is, placing the interests of the Negro above the 
interests of the Communist Party. 

In this connection, I observed how white women communists are used as political prostitutes, cohabiting with high-level Negro 
communists in order to spy on them. Through such intimate relations, these white women communists are able to elicit 
information pertaining to family background, sources of income, marital difficulties, arrests, convictions, opinions on Communist 
policy and Communist leadership. This information is invaluable to the red hierarchy in their relations with their Negro 
lickspittles. In top red circles, this is known as "bedroom politics." 

White Communist women are also used to maneuver top Negro reds into compromising positions that, if revealed, would result in 
public scandal or disgrace. In this way, the reds make these Negroes permanently subject to blackmail if they ever consider 
leaving the red movement. Moreover, this information is used to destroy the credibility of the defectee, should he decide to fight 
the red conspiracy. 

The highest position I attained was candidate for the Political Bureau (Politburo) of the Communist Party. The Politburo is a 
small, close-knit body, carefully selected by the Kremlin hierarchy. Each member holds his position solely on the approval of the 
reactionary, rapacious despoilers in the Kremlin. This is the real governing body of the entire red conspiracy in America. A 
candidate is invited to sit in on deliberations with voice but no vote. Usually, a representative of the Kremlin participates in all 
meetings and deliberations of the Politburo. This writer sat in such meetings when Gerhard Eisler, alias Edwards, Brown, Hans 
Berger, etc., was the Kremlin representative. Eisler later jumped bail and fled the United States on the red Polish liner "Batory" 
after he was exposed and convicted of passport fraud. 

The assignment of political commissars to the red movement in America is not limited solely to America, but is an established 
Kremlin policy in relation to all communist parties in countries outside the "Iron Curtain." Kremlin agents, such as Eisler, exercise 
an awesome power over the white, as well as black lickspittles, comprising the leadership. When Eisler spoke, one could hear a 
pin fall. Each leader sat in rapt attention, hanging on to every word Eisler uttered as if it were, indeed, a pronouncement from the 
"Holy of Holies." On several occasions, he expressed the grave dissatisfaction of the Kremlin because of the failure of the party to 
take advantage of the broad "people's front movement" to build "progressive groups" in participating organizations such as the 
N.A.A.C.P., youth, religious, fraternal, labor, etc. These "progressive groups," he said, "were the only guarantee that the decisions 
we make with leaders will be brought down to and carried out by the membership." 

Significantly, Eisler emphasized that the "people's front" or "democratic front" is "a maneuver only" to lay the basis for firm 
communist direction and control of masses. And, too, that the leaders of non-communist organizations are drawn into joint 
movements with the communists "only to facilitate the infiltration, ideological and organizational penetration of their respective 
organizations." After all, this is a fight for leadership to determine "who shall lead the masses, the communists or Negro 
reformists." The "progressive groups," consisting of communists, fellow travelers, sympathizers, liberals, etc., constitute the 
vehicle on which the reds pin their present hope of victory. 

Never once were we allowed to forget the vacillating, uncertain, untrustworthy character of the Negro intellectual, the Negro 
minister, the Negro petty bourgeois, the Negro reformist and the white socio-liberal, philanthropic, humanitarian supporter. They 
are accused, on the basis of experience, of "running frantically from one camp (red) to the other (capitalist) when the going gets 
tough." So that when communists unite with and support them today, it is necessary to keep in mind that "it may be necessary to 
denounce them tomorrow and the day after tomorrow hang them." 

Thus, as a participant on the highest level of the communist conspiracy in America, I observed the cold, calculating, ruthless 
nature of red power politics and political warfare, stripped of all its illusory propaganda and idealistic cover. 

Color, Communism and Common Sense 2 


Created doubt, lack of confidence, suspicion; setting up situations that bring about racial bitterness, violence and conflict; putting 
forth demands so unrealistic that race relations are worsened; attacking everybody in disagreement as reactionaries, Fascists, Ku 
Kluxers among whites and Uncle Toms among Negroes, constitute the red's pattern of operation. 

Fortunately, the overwhelming majority of Negroes, in whose name the Communists and their ilk presume to speak, have not 
fallen for the blandishments of the Reds. They know a red light when they see one. The same cannot be said of many Negro 
intellectuals carrying the ball for Communists. Since the Communists have always looked upon Negro intellectuals as "shallow," 
"superficial," "phrase-mongers" and "incompetents" "looking for a loaf when they, on a basis of ability, are not worthy of a 
crumb," their pro-communist behavior becomes all the more tragic and ludicrous. 

Only after the order came from Moscow in the 1934-35 period to win over the Negro intellectual by deceptive flattery and 
adulation did the red's public attitude toward them change. The Kremlin concluded that these "superficial phonies" could serve 
the cause of Communism. 

A large number of Negro ministers are all for the Communists. Some are prominent and influential; others are "run of the mill." 
They in common believe that beating the racial drums is a short cut to prominence, money and the realization of personal 
ambitions even if the Negro masses are left prostrate and bleeding — expendables in the mad scramble for power. 

Abner W. Berry, columnist in The Daily Worker, official organ of the Communist Party, recently praised these ministers as 
fulfilling their "historic role" — i.e., delivering the Negro into the hands of the Communists. Neither his pen nor his lips had such 
praise prior to the 1934-35 period. Then the Moscow line was clear. 

The resolution on the Negro Question stated: 

"In the work among the Negroes, special attention should be paid to the role played by the churches and preachers who are 
acting on behalf of American imperialism. The Party must conduct a continuous and carefully worked out campaign 
among the Negro masses, sharpened primarily against the preachers and the churchmen, who are the agents of the 
oppressors of the Negro race. 

All the instructions from Moscow at the time ordered reds to "combat the influence of the church" because the church, "by 
offering to the Negro worker and peasant for the miseries they are enduring in this world, compensation in heaven, are befogging 
the minds of the Negro workers and peasants, making them a helpless prey to capitalism and imperialism." 

The public denunciation of Negro "sky pilots" was likewise stopped on orders from Moscow. The deeply religious Negro masses 
whom the Kremlin wanted to use as expendables in the struggle for power shied away from the "Party." A frontal attack on 
religion resulted in isolation from Negroes. Therefore, deception was to be tried. The honeyed phrase replaced harsh words. The 
smile replaced the smirk. The velvet glove covered the mailed fist. Humility replaced arrogance. The handshake replaced hostility. 
All that was distasteful and wicked in the past was to be forgotten in the face of "a need for a common front against the white 
oppressors." The devil was sick — an angel he would be. 

Application of the new line embarked the Communists on an era of outstanding success in infiltrating and penetrating the Negro 

White ministers acting as missionaries, using the race angle as bait, aided in the cultivation of Negro ministers for work in the Red 
solar system of organizations. Bribery through gifts, paid lectures, flattery through long applause at staged rallies, favorable 
mention in the red controlled press were not the only methods employed to corrupt the Negro ministers. The use of sex and 
perversion as a means of political blackmail was an accepted red tactic. 

At the same time that all this was going on at the top, the comrades" were building cells below in the church "to guarantee that 
decisions made at the top would be brought down to the congregation." 

The importance attached to this work is clearly shown in the report of the speeches of Earl Browder, then General Secretary of the 
Communist Party, and Gerhard Eisler, alias Edwards, Moscow representative to the plenary session of the National Committee of 
the Communist Party in the United States. It states: 

"Comrades Browder, Edwards and Ford have spoken about the necessity of making a turn in our Negro work ... how to 
connect ourselves with the organized masses ... in the United States there are ... of the Negro population ... 10 million in 
churches. The problem of how to penetrate these organizations is of the utmost political importance." 

The bulk of Negro church members are in the South. They live by the "Good Book." Anyone against the "Good Book" is of the 
devil. There is no in between. The Red carpetbaggers discovered this when they touched the Negro's religion. So they avoided this 
sore spot in order to snare their intended victims. Get them involved in the movement first and later do the job on their religious 
convictions was the order. Anything else was putting the cart before the horse. 

The new line went like this: Jesus, the carpenter, was a worker like the Communists. He was against the "money changers," the 
"capitalists," the "exploiters" of that day. That is why he drove them from the temple. The Communists are the modern day 
fighters against the capitalists or moneychangers. If Jesus were living today, he would be persecuted like the Communists who 
seek to do good for the common people. 

Color, Communism and Common Sense 3 

Alert law enforcement agents made it extremely difficult and hazardous for the Reds to work openly. Consequently, they drew 
heavily upon the accumulated knowledge and experience of their comrades engaged in illegal work in other parts of the world to 
operate with the least risk in the South. Of all their methods used, it was generally agreed that the Church is the "best cover for 
illegal work." 
Gilbert Green, one of the top Reds in this country, reported as follows: 

"For example in the South we have more than 300 members who are also members of church youth organizations — 
especially the Baptist Young Peoples Union. In this district (Alabama) ... where possible we should build ... units in the 
Church Youth organizations. Why? Because in the South, especially for the Negro youth, the church is the center of 
cultural and social activity. It is here that we must work. By building our units in the church organizations we can also 
improve our work under the illegal conditions, as it will be easier to work in the church organizations. In Alabama there 
are certain places in which we can in a short while take over the church organizations of youth, under our leadership, and 
these can become legal covers for our work in the South. 

[Excerpt Report of Gil Green for the National Bureau to a meeting of the Enlarged National Executive Committee, held in New 
York on February 23, 1935. ml. of Youth. March, 1935, pages 25, 26. (Italics mine.)] 


Stirring up race and class conflict is the basis of all discussion of the Communist Party's work in the South. The evil genius, 
Stalin, and the other megalomaniac leaders in Moscow ordered the use of all racial, economic and social differences, no matter 
how small or insignificant, to start local fires of discontent, conflict and revolt. "Who could tell which of these issues could start a 
general conflagration" that would sweep across the former Confederate States from Maryland to Texas? 

Black rebellion was what Moscow wanted. Bloody racial conflict would split America. During the confusion, demoralization and 
panic would set in. Then finally, the reds say: 

"Workers stop work, many of them seize arms by attacking arsenals. Many had armed themselves before ... street fights 
become frequent. Under the leadership of the Communist Party the workers organize Revolutionary Committees to be in 
command of the uprising. Armed workers . . . seize the principal government offices, invade the residences of the 
President and his Cabinet members, arrest them, declare the old regime abolished, establish their own power ..." 

The only fear of the white Communist leaders was that as a result of their efforts this black rebellion would break out before they 
were ready in the decisive industrial cities of the North. 

What if one or five million Negroes die in an abortive attempt to establish a Negro republic? Is not the advance of the cause worth 
it? A Communist is not a sentimentalist. He does not grieve over the loss of life in the advancement of Communism. 

This plot to use the Negroes as the spearhead, or as expendables, was concocted by Stalin in 1928, nearly ten years after the 
formation of the world organization of Communism. Prior to this time, the periodic Moscow gatherings did little more than pass 
resolutions. Any credit for the change belongs, in the main, to a handful of Negro lickspittles like James W. Ford, Harry 
Haywood, Otto Hall, Lovett Fort-Whiteman, and Otto Huiswood, to mention a few. They were the ones who, again and again, 
begged their masters in Moscow to force the white leaders of the Communist Party in the United States to organize and use the 
Negroes. They were the ones who got in on the ground floor of the conspiracy. They are the ones that history may well record as 
the political Uncle Toms who plotted with a diabolical alien power the moral decay, physical slavery and spiritual death of their 
own race. 

The perfidy of these Negro Reds is all the more infamous when one reads from the pen of a top Negro Communist who wrote: 

"(a) Prior to the Sixth Congress, white chauvinism (race prejudice) ... made progress in Negro work well-nigh impossible; 

(b) White chauvinism manifests itself ... in open or concealed opposition to doing work among Negroes; 

(c) The tendency ... was to ignore the leading Negro comrades when formulating policy; 

(d) As punishment for their opposition ... the Negro comrades were refused support (financial) in getting out the weekly 
news service which was being sent out to some three hundred Negro newspapers; 

(e) Negro comrade was disciplined for his insistence in bringing before the Conference the tabooed question of Negro 

The above red author gives James W. Ford credit for bringing this matter to the attention of the White Fathers in Moscow which 
resulted in immediate action. Negro communists were given jobs in the apparatus. Most of them were given professional 
revolutionary training in the United States and Russia under direct orders from Stalin. As a result, Negro reds began looking to 
Moscow. Stalin became the great and just Father who could be relied upon to settle the many differences between white and 
Negro communists. 

During the three decades which have elapsed since the Sixth World Congress in Moscow, the American Communist Party has 
conducted many campaigns and formed and infiltrated a large number of organizations among Negroes. From the bloody gun 
battles at Camp Hill, Alabama (1931), to the present integration madness, the heavy hand of communism has moved, stirring up 
racial strife, creating confusion, hate and bitterness so essential to the advancement of the red cause. 

Color, Communism and Common Sense 4 

One may recall organizations formed, directed, controlled and led by Reds and fellow travellers such as: American Negro Labor 
Congress, League of Struggle for Negro Rights, International Labor Defense, National Negro Congress, Sharecroppers Union, the 
Civil Rights Congress, Negro Labor Victory Committee, Southern Negro Youth Congress, Negro Labor Councils, etc., ad 
infinitum, that exposed millions of Negroes to Communist ideas. The list of sponsors, officers, and contributors reads like a 
Who's Who in the Negro intellectual, professional, labor and religious circles. 

Through the aforementioned organizations and many others, Negro institutions of higher education like Howard University were 
penetrated to subvert teachers and students and thus politically contaminate the intellectual stream of Negro life. 

White leftists descended on Negro communities like locusts, posing as "friends" come to help "liberate" their black brothers. 
Along with these white communist missionaries came the Negro political Uncle Toms to allay the Negro's distrust and fears of 
these strangers. Everything was inter-racial, an inter-racialism artificially created, cleverly devised as a camouflage of the red plot 
to use the Negro. 


Many Negro intellectuals, artists, professionals, etc., were carried away with this outburst of inter-racialism. Here was an 
opportunity to be accepted by the other racial group. Secretly, they had always wanted to get away from the other Negroes. 
Moving around among whites would somehow add to their stature and endow a feeling of importance. So they went after 
communist inter-racialism like a hog going after slop. 

There are numerous examples of the harmful and deadening effect of communist inter-racialism (integration) on any proposal for 
constructive Negro projects. Of these examples, I will cite only a few. 

First, during the latter 1930's, the Negro and white reds, fellow travelers, et al., waged an intense campaign against Harlem 
Hospital in New York. Inside information, supplied by reds on the hospital staff, told of crowded conditions and improper 
treatment. Some of this information was so derogatory that many dubbed Harlem Hospital the "Butcher Shop." Street meetings, 
indoor rallies, united front conferences made overcrowding and improper hospital treatment the main subject matter. Demands 
were made on the city officials for more and better hospitals without success. Charges of race discrimination filled the air. The 
reds had a field day building up racial tensions. 

Everybody was talking about the overcrowding in the Harlem Hospital. So a group of Negroes, believing in "doing something for 
yourself," came up with the idea of a Negro community effort to found a hospital. They saw in such a project a chance to render 
great service to the people in the community and to show to the Nation and the world an example of Negro resourcefulness. Jews, 
Catholics, Presbyterians and others founded hospitals, so why not Negroes? 

The Communists were not interested in a Negro hospital, founded by Negroes and redounding to their credit. Such a project would 
take away a key issue in racial agitation and radicalization and isolate the reds. So they acted swiftly and decisively, through their 
Negro intellectual tools in the community, to kill the project aborning. 

The late Claude McKay, Negro poet, whom I knew very well, wrote about it as follows: 

"There was a project to found a Negro hospital a few years ago, but before it was launched the idea was killed by the 
obstreperous and extremely vocal and effective group of Negro intellectuals who style themselves the 'anti- 
Segregationists'. They maintained that a Negro hospital would be an incentive to the greater segregation of Negro 

"Preposterous is the situation in which the entire Negro minority is placed by its irrational intellectuals and their canny 
'radical' white supporters. 

"I predict that nothing could be more effective in breaking down the barriers of Segregation and compelling white doctors 
to recognize the merits of colored colleagues than the establishment of a great Negro hospital in Harlem. . . . Moreover, 
such an institution could become an asset to the American medical profession. White doctors would be more attracted by 
the outstanding work of their colored colleagues, just as white educators and intellectuals were drawn to Tuskegee to 
study the great work of Booker T. Washington." 

Second. A well-known Negro real estate man called together a group of prominent Negro intellectuals and professionals for the 
purpose of launching a Negro housing development through the purchase of land and home construction. Such a project, he 
argued, would go a long way in showing other races that Negroes can build ideal communities and maintain standards second to 
none. He had maps showing fine locations that even from a land purchase angle proved that it was a good investment. But he 
couldn't get to first base. Why? Because they were against setting up "Negro Communities," that is "segregating ourselves." 
"They," he said, "were all for integration in white communities." 

Third. A prominent Negro dentist, who became "well to do" in the Negro community, takes great pride in his radical views and 
associations. He purchased a home in a "White Neighborhood" for $20,000. He has since added approximately $10,000 for repairs 
and alterations. Publicly, he boasted about his being the only Negro family in the neighborhood. He makes his money off Negroes; 
he is a Negro; but he doesn't Want to live among them. To him, the mark of success is a good bank reserve and a home in a white 
neighborhood. His only fear is that his white neighbors will sell to other Negroes and move to another area. To him, and to so 

Color, Communism and Common Sense 5 

many others of his ilk, the very thought of members of his own race replacing his newly found white neighbors gives him 

However, it makes no difference what are the circumstances. The Negro crasher of the "Lily White Section" is sure of full 
cooperation and aid of the reds and all so-called progressives to beat down and discredit the opposition. 

Negro integrationists, in the main, can be placed in three groups, as follows: 

(a) Those who seek acceptance in white communities only for themselves, to the complete exclusion of other Negroes. 

(b) Those who are paid agents of unprincipled or racketeering white real estate men, exploiting the anxieties and fears of 
the white community to reap a financial bonanza. 

(c) Those who are block busters, that is a Negro family for whom the reds or so-called progressives have either purchased 
or rented a home or an apartment with the full knowledge that its transfer is going to arouse social resentment, 
bitterness and hostility. 

Regardless of the group into which the Negro integrationist falls, he is like "manna from Heaven" to all those who deliberately 
seek to arrest the steady advancement in race relations and to turn it into a shambles for alien or partisan political purposes. 

Significant it is to note that the reds and so-called progressives never spend money on projects to "help" the Negroes unless these 
projects pay off in race conflict and animosity. They know that the "blockbuster," like the interloper and party crasher, is always 
resented and usually gets the "bum's rush." That is why they seek to cast the Negro in such a light. It builds up open and hidden 
resentment that can be exploited. 

Some people describe New York City as a "melting pot." At best, this is only wishful thinking. The numerous racial and national 
groups are as easily identified today as ever. The geographical areas where each group settled or resettled remains. Thus, there are 
in New York German sections, Italian sections, Irish sections, Jewish sections, Puerto Rican sections, Chinese sections, Negro 
sections, etc. In short, there may be found as many sections as there are national groups or races. National, social, cultural, 
linguistic, religious and other common factors effect this sectional cleavage. Parades and gala affairs in national costumes are not 
uncommon. The same may be said of every part of our country. Though these national, racial and religious differences divide 
them like five fingers on the hand, yet they are one solid fist as Americans. 

The Communists try to exploit these national, racial and religious differences in order to weaken, undermine and subjugate 
America to Moscow. Like a serpent, they use guile to seduce each group. At no time have the Communists even hinted or 
suggested to any group, other than the Negro, that their clannishness or tendency to colonize a given area creates a "Ghetto" or 
"Quarters." Were they to do so, they would be jeered out of each section as crackpots. 

Evidently the reds had international propaganda in mind when they described Negro sections as "Ghettos" because the definition 
of the word Ghetto in no way applies to a Negro section any more than it does to a German, Irish, Jewish, Chinese or any other 
section in America. 

The Encyclopedia Britannica states: 

"Ghetto, formerly the street or quarter of a city in which Jews were compelled to live, enclosed by walls and gates which 
were locked each night. The term is now used loosely of any locality in a city or country where Jews congregate. 

"During the Middle Ages the Jews were forbidden to leave the ghetto after sunset when the gates were locked, and they 
were also imprisoned on Sundays and all Christian holy days." 

Negroes band together in sections like other races and national groups much for the same reasons. Like other racial and national 
groups, they can buy land, build communities, settle in any section of the country. Like other racial and national groups, they can 
make their sections as nice and attractive as possible. The maximum business, cultural, sanitary and social services are within their 
reach as with other groups. 

The Communists, through propaganda, have sold a number of Negro intellectuals the idea that the Negro section is a ghetto; that 
white Americans created it, set its geographical boundaries; that it is the product of race hate and the inhumanity of white 
Americans. Therefore, it is a struggle of Negro against "white oppressors" for emancipation. 

Naturally, those holding such views have no community pride, no interest in doing anything to improve its services because that 
would be aiding and abetting "segregation" and maintenance of the "ghetto." 

Moreover, they oppose any race project inside or outside the Negro section for the same reason. Everything has to be integrated or 
it is taboo. In this way, they paralyze Negro initiative and resourcefulness, casting the race in the mold of one that is incapable of 
producing anything for the advancement of society. At the same time, it creates the impression among other racial groups that the 
Negro waits for them to prepare the banquet so that he can step in and enjoy it. 

Obviously, this line, deliberately spread by the Communists, leads to the worst kind of mischief. It strengthens and creates racial 
prejudices and lays the basis for sharp racial conflicts. Shirking social responsibility and blaming others may be the easy way, but 
it is only a short cut to Communist slavery. 

Color, Communism and Common Sense 


No small amount of support of the Communist cause came from important and influential Negro newspapers. The late Robert 
Minor, a top Red, wrote: 

"In some of these papers repeatedly appear open admissions that the Communist Party is the only party that advocates or 
fights for equal rights for Negroes and the right of self-determination for the Negro people." 

He cited two of "many examples" of this reaction of the Negro press. Because of lack of space, I shall quote only three excerpts 
from one of his examples: 

" No Menacing Reds (From The Afro-American, Baltimore). 

"The Reds are going our way. Like ourselves, they represent a feared and hated cause. They are the first white group since 
Emancipation to advocate race, social equality and intermarriage for those who wish it. 

"In fact, there is more real Christianity among white Communists than in the white YMCA, the white Christian Endeavor 
Societies, or the white so-called Christian Churches. 

"The Reds are no menace to Negroes. In fact, it is comforting to find groups of such people as Communists in this color 
mad world." 

There were also Negro intellectuals, artists, professionals, politicians, etc., seeking a ladder to success. They are used according to 
the strategic needs of the Communist Party. In preparation for their treacherous role, the Party passes along the word covertly or 
openly to give them preferred treatment. Forces, money, publicity, etc., are used in the build-up to change comparative Negro 
unknowns into national and international "Race Leaders." 

Wires were pulled in local, state and federal governments to appoint, upgrade and transfer to strategic positions Negroes whom the 
communist apparatus could use. Congressional records show that an internationally prominent Negro was aided in his rise by red 
spy, Alger Hiss. We have never heard of this same Negro ever recommending any qualified member of his own race as a 
government appointee. The record does show that he recommended white appointees, later shown to be connected with the 
Communist conspiracy. 

Take also the example of a well-known Negro Federal judge who made two rulings in favor of the criminal communist 
conspiracy. He was known as a communist fronter before he was appointed. He is hailed in the Red press and was boomed for the 
Supreme Court. 

In both instances, the long range investment of the Communists paid off. Similar examples can be cited again and again. As a 
result, belief has grown among Negro opportunists that if you want to get ahead, play ball with the reds. 

Whenever the reds do a successful "job" on a so-called renegade or militant anti-Communist, it rivets tighter the "conspiratorial 
cover" of the Party. To insure this end nothing is more enlightening than a few object lessons. 

The awesome spectacle of the array of forces in all walks of life, potent and with ample money, cold-bloodedly and efficiently 
going about the job of destroying the reputation and influence of those designated as enemies of Communism keep many in line 
and enforce silence. 

And, too, the hand of the assassin is used in some instances where it can be done with impunity. 

Few men want the medicine the reds gave the late Senator Joseph McCarthy which the reds boast is the best cure for militant anti- 

Also among those at the top of the list of red victims are George Hewitt, alias Timothy "Tim" Holmes, William "Bill" Nowell and 
Charles White (murdered). They were Negro professional revolutionists having received their training in the Lenin Institute in 
Moscow, USSR Years of experience on all levels of the Communist apparatus eminently qualified them for the task of ripping the 
conspiratorial cover from the Communist Party and exposing the flagitious plot against the Negro. When these Negroes defected, 
they automatically became a serious threat to the Party. Their knowledge of the inner workings of the conspiracy made them a 
danger to the red apparatus because they were beyond its power of discipline. Theirs was a sincere and total abandonment of 
Communism. They knew of their own knowledge its dire threat to humanity, so they cooperated with all government agencies 
investigating, exposing and prosecuting Communists. As a result, they became "enemies of the Party apparatus," "renegades of 
Communism" and were treated like outcasts with every Red Hand against them. 

The National Disciplinary Commission of the Communist Party, feared and respected by all reds, as an arm of the Soviet Secret 
Police, placed on these defectors the word "informer," the dreaded tag of the criminal underworld. This solemn pronouncement 
means the "full treatment" to show the "comrades" what happens to those who desert and fight the Party. So complete was the 
campaign of slander, threats, persecution, and social ostracism that all the above-mentioned Negro ex-reds were driven to an 
untimely grave. 

That this can happen in our Republic under God is unbelievable but TRUE. No wonder then that today the wrath of the 
Communists is more to be feared than the Judgments of Heaven. 

To sink their claws in, subvert and use the Negro people, Moscow must have loyal, dedicated, trained Negro professional 
revolutionists who can easily be manipulated, that is, made to follow the Party line. 

Color, Communism and Common Sense 7 

Loyalty is placed first because the Communist Party leaders demand that loyalty to the Party be placed above and before 
everything and that includes race, relatives, family and loved ones. It entails a complete surrender of the will to the communist 
hierarchy. A willingness to do anything, go anywhere and say anything you are told is a condition of Communist membership. 

Out of the fires of such exacting indoctrination and training have come the treacherous Negro red leaders who serve faithfully 
their masters in the Kremlin. The James Jacksons, the Henry Winstons, the William Pattersons, the Louise Thompsons, the Maude 
Whites, the Harry Haywoods, the Ben Davises, the Doxey Wilkersons, the James W. Fords, et al., make up the cadre around 
which the present racial conflict or "liberation movement" is being built. 

Moreover, they are the ones who devise the methods and techniques used by their puppets to destroy the reputation and influence 
of those who stand in the way of the gathering momentum of the Negro liberation juggernaut. 

Except for a brief period during the latter 1930's, the reds called those persons "Uncle Toms" who sought solution of the race 
problem through the medium of education, patience, understanding and discussion which would lead to mutual agreement. Since 
any program leading to a peaceful solution of the race problem automatically excludes and dooms red efforts among Negroes, it 
goes without saying that the reds are going to oppose it. The chief targets are the responsible advocates of such a program. They 
must "be discredited and isolated from the masses." So, in addition to the tags of "enemy of the race," "tool of the white ruling 
class," "traitor to the race," the reds have added the opprobrium of "Uncle Tom. " 

In their usual diabolically clever way, the reds took the name of a fine, sincere and beloved character made famous in the greatest 
indictment of chattel slavery and transformed him into a "dirty, low, sneaky, reacherous, groveling, sniveling coward." This the 
reds did in order to make the name "Uncle Tom " the symbol of social, economic and political leprosy. 

Today, the name "Uncle Tom " among Negroes ranks with the term McCarthyism generally, turning many ministers into moral 
cowards, many politicians into scared jackrabbits and many other leaders in hypocrites. 

No man dare stand up and proclaim convictions counter to red agitation without running the certain risk of being pilloried. The 
reds, their fellow travelers, leaders of the N.A.A.C.P. and other race agitators have created an ideal climate for such persecution. 

Ironically, the communist definition of "Uncle Tom " applies to the Negro red and fellow traveler more than it does to any one 
else. In fact, I do not know of any Negro, living or dead, who sank to the depths of cowardice, servility, and treachery as has the 
Negro red. One has only to read the "wailings and lamentations" of Pettis Perry to his white masters in the Communist Party to do 
something about the widespread race prejudice permeating that Party from top to bottom. Such prejudice in the Communist Party, 
in the opinion of Pettis Perry, prevents the communist apparatus from effectively exploiting the Negro people. 


Ironically, after more than three decades, the reds can't eliminate race prejudice from their own ranks. Pettis Perry's articles 
clearly show that the centuries' old racial, national, social, economic and political differences between peoples plague and bedevil 
the communist vanguard despite indoctrination, training, discipline and so forth. The human element resists the red straitjacket. 

Naturally so, because you can't level everybody off, toss them in a pot, and stir them up without producing a social disorder. 

The top white Communist leaders know that racial, as well as other differences between peoples, have existed over a long span of 
years and will continue to exist even after centuries of re-education under Communist rule. They also know that these differences 
can be used to play race against race, nationality against nationality, class against class, etc., to advance the cause of Communism. 

Posing as a "friend of the Negro," they, under the guise of a campaign for Negro rights, set race against race in the cold-blooded 
struggle for power. Their hypocrisy and the falsity of their claims are clearly revealed in a number of instances. For example, 
while the reds and their fellow travelers were stoking the racial fires on the issue of restrictive covenants: 

"In New York, some 46 comrades, including the chairman, signed leases containing restrictive covenant clauses. This was 
also true of two leading comrades in the trade union movement ... Some comrades said 'that those involved needed a 
home' and therefore ... it was 'all right' for them to sign such clauses." 

While the white reds were renting apartments and subletting them to Negroes to stir up racial bitterness and hate such as existed in 
Stuyvesant Town, in New York City, they carefully avoided living in a Negro community. A top white red "was in the act of 
moving in to the River-ton Housing Project in Harlem, but decided against it because," to quote him, "a survey disclosed that only 
5 to 7 per cent of the inhabitants of the project were white families, and therefore that would have been a bad environment for my 

The white Communists have nothing but contempt for Negro Communists (and justly so) and this is openly expressed. For 

"White comrades living in a Negro community and holding positions in the clubs were not on speaking terms with most of 
the Negro comrades. 

Their utter hypocrisy is also revealed in the following: 

"White comrades going into the mass organizations made up predominantly of Negro people. ..constantly shout that 'We 
must fight for Negro rights.' Yet when they meet Negro comrades and other Negro acquaintances on the street, especially 
in the downtown area, they do not even speak to them." 

Color, Communism and Common Sense 8 

Evidently, fear and distrust of the Negro male is rampant in Communist Party ranks because when the "newspapers reported a 
case of rape, some of the white women in the Party began to develop the idea that they should ask for police 'protection'." 

Even the despised "tools of the capitalist system" (the police) are good to have around at times, say the comrades. 

From time to time, the Communist leaders conduct a complete registration of all members. Any Negro comrade who does not 
register is told to do so or else. The "else" means loss of job as for instance: 

"In New Jersey, there was difficulty in ... re-registering a Negro woman comrade, whereupon this comrade was informed 
that either she re -register 'or else it will be your job'," thus implying "that the Party would use its influence to carry out 
the threat." 

Social equality for the Negro is a major slogan of the Communists. They use it on the one hand to mislead the Negro American, 
and on the other hand to create anxieties and fears among white Americans to better exploit both racial groups. What it means 
when applied to the Communists is shown as follows: 

"A number of instances ... Negro comrades are not welcome into the homes of white comrades. In some cases, they are 
received early in the morning, when neighbors may think they are domestic workers, or are welcome at night, when the 
neighbors of the white comrades might not see the Negro comrades at all." [Political Affairs, June 1949.] 


The red propagandists distort the facts concerning racial differences for ulterior motives. All the right is not on the Negro side. 
Neither is all wrong. The same holds true with regard to the white man's side. The repository of good or evil is not to be found in 
any particular race. Black men are just as good or as bad as white men. Yellow men are just as good or as bad as brown or red. It 
ill behooves anyone to speak about the other. 

White men sold white men as slaves. Black men sold black men as slaves. Black rulers are no more humane than yellow, red or 
white rulers. Neither are they less brutal. 

The placing of the repository of everything, right and just, among the darker races is a dastardly Communist trick to use race as a 
means of grabbing and enslaving the whole of humanity. 

Moscow ' s Negro tools in the incitement of racial warfare place all the ills of the Negro at the door of the white leaders of 
America. Capitalism and imperialism are made symbols of oppressive white rule in keeping with instructions from the Kremlin. 

To one familiar with red trickery, it is obvious that placing the blame for all the Negroes' ills at the door of the white leaders in 
America is to remove all responsibility from the Negro. This tends to make the Negro: 

(a) feel sorry for himself; 

(b) blame others for his failures; 

(c) ignore the countless opportunities around him; 

(d) jealous of the progress of other racial and national groups; 

(e) expect the white man to do everything for him; 

(f) look for easy and quick solutions as a substitute for the harsh realities of competitive struggle to get ahead. 

The result is a persecution complex — a warped belief that the white man's prejudices, the white man's system, the white man's 
government is responsible for everything. Such a belief is the way the reds plan it, for the next logical step is hate that can be used 
by the reds to accomplish their ends. 

In their campaign against the white leaders in America, the reds are careful to point out that this does not apply to the white 
leaders of Russia and their counterparts in America. This creates the illusion that the white communists are different; that they are 
the friends and champions of the Negroes. This is the same sucker bait the reds used to win and use millions of white peoples now 
under the whiplash of Soviet tyranny. They took the Soviet road to freedom only to find it a snare and a delusion. 

The fact that the reds have never contributed anything tangible to the progress of the Negro is overlooked though the reds have 
collected millions of dollars as a result of race incitement. 

Like the Communist Party, the N.A.A.C.P. has collected millions of dollars through exploitation of race issues. The bigger the 
race issue, the bigger the appeal and the bigger the contributions. Last year, according to Roy Wilkins, the N.A.A.C.P. had the 
greatest financial year in its history." 

Yet one cannot find any report of any of this money being spent for factories and shops to provide jobs, land and home 
construction, specialized training for talented youth, hospitals, convalescent homes, classes in sanitation and personal hygiene, 
care and upkeep of property, combating crime and juvenile delinquency, centers to aid Negro youth in preparing to meet stiff 
employment competition in science and industry. 

It is then no accident that the N.A.A.C.P. is dubbed "The National Association for the Agitation of Colored People." The record 
speaks for itself. Millions for agitation; not one cent for those things that win the respect and acclaim of other races and national 

Color, Communism and Common Sense 9 

The N.A.A.C.P. set up the situation that erupted into racial violence at Little Rock, Arkansas. Reds all over the world dramatized 
the racial incidents created in Little Rock as examples of how white Americans resort to extremes of racial violence to deny 
Negroes an education. Every Communist Party in Asia and Africa, it seems, was alerted to "do a job" on America. At the same 
time here at home, they were screaming about the damage to our prestige abroad. Any way you look at it, it is a two-way pincer 
movement against Uncle Sam. 

Therefore, we may readily assume that any damage done to our prestige abroad should be at the feet of the N.A.A.C.P. and the 
reds who started the trouble. What is significant is that those who spread the lie that violence erupted because Negro children are 
denied an education have not repudiated it. 

Any confusion or misunderstanding created abroad has not been cleared up by the N.A.A.C.P. leadership. At no time have they 
admitted that no Negro in the United States is denied an education. And, too, they have not admitted that not every Negro wants 
an education, for reasons better known to himself. That accounts for many Negroes not being able to read or write. Moreover, 
there are free schools open both day and night for all those who want an education. 

There are Negro institutions of higher learning and integrated ones, based upon geographical lines that make available the highest 
type of training for those Negroes who seek it. There are special scholarships and funds created by white philanthropists that 
enable Negroes to attend the finest universities and colleges in the country. What is ironic is that most of the Negro leaders 
responsible for the incitement of racial violence have been the recipients of these scholarships and grants. They possibly would 
have been cotton pickers or bootblacks were it not for this aid. Because only this aid gave them the free time to plot the 
destruction of America. 

One can very well question the sincerity of the reds and the N.A.A.C.P. when they try to create the impression that America in 
general and the South in particular is a hell hole of despotism where the Negro is concerned. This is so since the whole issue boils 
down to taking Negro children out of one school and transferring them to another so that they can be seated with white children on 
the assumption that only in this way will the Negro child get an education. 

What really is being implied is that the 1 13,000 Negro teachers in Southern schools are inferior, incompetent and unable to 
properly teach the children of their own race. Since it is no longer made a question of better schools, better facilities and equal 
pay, it is a question of liquidation of the Negro school and the Negro teacher under the guise of integration. 

Naturally, white parents are going to resist any attempt to force them to send their children to school on an integrated basis when 
Negro teachers are considered unfit by members of their own race. 

Maybe this is the reason why hundreds of Negro teachers were fired in the border and Southern states where there was token 

It is also implied that a Negro child is handicapped in his studies unless he is sitting beside a white child. What could be more 
nonsensical or ridiculous? It is a sad commentary on the ability of the Negro child to say that he cannot properly study or that he 
will develop harmful complexes if he does not sit beside a white child. By what quirk of reasoning does one conclude that sitting 
beside a white child will help a Negro child make the grade? Experience shows that a student's success is determined by how 
much attention, time and effort he is willing to put into his studies. 

In New York, for example, many Negro junior High and High School graduates are outrageously poor in spelling, writing, reading 
and mathematics. Yet they attended integrated schools. 

Even the report of the Public Education Association in 1955 admitted that Southern Negro children moving to New York City are 
on a level two grades higher than those in New York City schools. 

What is also important to remember is that the late Dr. George W. Carver, the outstanding Negro scientist, was born of slave 
parentage. He did not learn to read and write until he was twenty. He worked his way through school to become one of the world's 
greatest scientists. He didn't have the opportunities of young Negroes today. Every difficulty was a challenge, so he had no time 
to develop complexes. 

The main danger and handicap to the Negro is not the Southern school, but the persecution and hate complex the N.A.A.C.P. and 
the reds are trying to create. 


At the root of all the present racial trouble is interference in the internal affairs of Southern States by people not at all interested in 
an amicable settlement of any problems arising between Negro and white Americans. 

This interference comes from organizations and individuals in the North seeking to use the Negro. Among them are found 
Communists, crypto-communists, fuzzy-headed liberals, eggheads, pacifists, idealists, civil disobedience advocates, socialists, do- 
gooders, conniving politicians, self-seekers, muddle-headed humanitarians, addle-brained intellectuals, crackpots and plain 
meddlers. Like "missionaries," they descend on the South ostensibly to change or alter it to benefit the Negro. 

In fact and in implication, all of them seek to by-pass the responsible white and Negro leaders in the South to effect a solution. 
They employ a pattern of setting up provocative situations which inflame and agitate the white populace and then using it as 
propaganda here and abroad against the South in particular and all of America in general. 

Color, Communism and Common Sense 10 

White Southerners who oppose these "missionaries" are pounced upon and labeled "race baiters," "reactionaries," "Ku Kluxers," 
"white supremacists," "persons outside the law" and so forth. 

Negro Southerners who oppose these "missionaries" are also attacked and labeled "Uncle Toms," "traitors of the race," 
"handkerchief heads," "white folks' niggers" and so forth. 

Obviously such name calling is a deliberate attempt on the part of these "missionaries" to scuttle all the progress made by the 
Negro since slavery by creating an atmosphere of distrust, fear, and hate. Like a witch stirring her brew the "missionaries" stir up 
all the sectional and racial bitterness that arose in the wake of the Civil War and Reconstruction. They open old wounds. They 
thumb the pages of closed chapters. They rake over the dying embers of old grudges, old grievances, old fears and old hates, that 
time has been gradually consigning to history in the onward sweep of a young, lusty, healthy and growing nation. 

Labeling opponents is a specialty of the reds. Smear is a cardinal technique. Any label found in the red stockpile, you may be 
sure, is carefully made and selected to draw the maximum hate to the person or persons, the group or the organization to which it 
is attached. 

The use of such labels has a tendency to divide America. Nothing, in my opinion, would please the aforementioned weird 
assortment of "missionaries" more than a divided America unless it is a Soviet America. They are forever predicting it, and at the 
same time working tirelessly to bring it about. 

Moreover, while they talk about "racial strife" in America as providing grist for Moscow's propaganda mill they are busy creating 
it. They are careful to hide the fact that they are responsible for the provocations of extremists as was the case in Little Rock. 

In all red propaganda, here and abroad, such acts of extremists are made the symbol of the treatment of the Negro in America. It 
also is the red smear pot in which all opponents of a "forthwith solution" of the race problem are tossed. The fact is that the 
majority of white Southerners are opposed to extremists. All-white Southern juries have convicted some of them as troublemakers 
and white Southern judges have sentenced some of them to long prison terms. This is deliberately ignored or played down by the 

Mr. James P. Mitchell, Secretary of Labor, reported that the Department of Labor in a recent survey found that: 

"Purchasing power of the Negroes was more than $17,000,000,000 and that a third of the Negro population owned their 
own homes. Negro wage earners, he said, make four and a half times what they earned in 1940." 

He listed important gains by Negroes in ownership of banks, insurance companies, businesses, civil service employment and 
professional, skilled crafts and clerical and sales fields. In education, he said, Negro college enrollments have increased at a rate 
six times that of white students, while more than 98 per cent of Negroes between the ages of 7 and 13 are in school. 

These facts, too, are ignored or played down by the leftist "missionaries" and irresponsible crusaders. In political warfare, it seems 
a cardinal principle to credit your enemy with only that which will hasten the build-up for his destruction. 

The media of public information is far from free of communists and fellow travelers who operate under the guise of liberalism. 
They are ready at all times to do an effective smear job. Among these red tools may be found editorial writers, columnists, news 
commentators and analysts, in the press, radio and television. They go overboard in giving top news coverage to racial incidents, 
fomented by the leftists, and also those incidents that are interpreted so as to show "biased" attitudes of whites against Negroes. 
This is a propaganda hoax aimed, not at helping the Negro, but at casting America in a bad light in order to destroy its prestige and 
influence abroad, thereby aiding Soviet Russia in the penetration and conquest of Asia and Africa. 

In the meantime the Negro is the sacrificial lamb — the innocent victim of the widespread racial hate which the leftists are 
creating. The energizing of race hate is an asset to the red cause. The more, the merrier, so long as it erupts in cross burnings, 
threats, loss of jobs, refusal of loans, boycotts, bombings, fist fights, beatings and shootings. 

Thus all racial progress based upon understanding, goodwill, friendship and mutual cooperation, built up painfully over the years, 
is wiped out. White Americans are set against Negro Americans and vice versa. The stage is thus set for the opening of a dark and 
bloody era in Negro and white relations. 

Many white Northern politicians objectively aid the rapidly deteriorating racial situation through the exploitation of leftist 
propaganda to garner Negro votes. They care not a tinker's dam about the Southern Negro and simply flatter the Northern Negro 
whom they consider a gullible fool. Getting elected and re-elected is their only concern. 

Dishonorable mention should also be given to those white individuals and racial groups posing as friends of the Negro only to use 
him as a spearhead to attain certain objectives. They constitute in no small way the financial sinews of the movement. Naturally, 
they project programs and policies on those Negro tools who live off their largesse. Since "he who pays the piper calls the tune," 
could anything less than full submission be expected by these so-called Negro leaders? It does not matter to what extent Negro 
Americans generally feel the brunt of the racial hostility which these harmful programs engender, so long as the so-called Negro 
leaders win the approbation of their white masters and the money keeps rolling in. 

Significantly, among all the aforementioned groups and individuals, there is only one highly organized, trained and disciplined 
force, and that is the Communists. So they are able to use, manipulate and combine this weird assortment of leftist "missionaries" 
in one way or another to bring about "a social upheaval which will plow up Southern institutions to their roots." 

Color, Communism and Common Sense 1 1 

Indeed the spectre of the modern Carpet Bagger haunts the South. Reds, NAACPers, do-gooders and other "missionaries" follow 
in the footsteps of those Northerners who for narrow, selfish, personal or political reasons meddled in the affairs of the South in 
the period immediately following the Civil War. Like their predecessors, these modern-day Carpet Baggers create only mischief 
for they have no true interest in the South. 

A check of the record of these modern-day Carpet Baggers will show that most of them are either Communists or persons who 
have been, or are now, associated with the Communist cause as a fronter, endorser, or fellow traveler. 

Under the circumstances, it becomes the bounden duty of every government agency, in the interest of internal security, to reveal to 
the American people the record of each individuals regardless of race, creed, religion, position or rank, who is involved in inciting 
white and Negro Americans against each other. 

Naturally, the opponents of the publication of such information are going to scream louder than ten thousand pigs caught under a 
fence. Charges of anti-Negro, anti-democratic bias will fill the air. "Old man Smear" will have a field day. In this way, as in the 
past, any real investigation of Communism or pro-Communism among Negroes is headed off, defeated or driven into a blind 
alley. Color and race thus becomes a sanctuary. On the one hand, patriotic and honest politicians and officials do not dare invade it 
critically without dire consequences to their personal reputations. On the other hand, this same "sanctuary" becomes the 
playground, not only of the reds, but of hypocrites, demagogues, bigots, self-seekers, opportunists, conniving politicians and other 
dregs of human society. 

Too few Americans in our day have the courage of their convictions. Too few will fly in the face of leftist opposition. Too few 
will stand up for truth in the face of the ominous and destructive storm of "me-tooism" or the communist ideological 
regimentation that hangs like a pall over our country. Many take the attitude that it is better to be safe than sorry or conclude, after 
a little difficulty or several reverses, that "if you can't beat 'em, join 'em." The words God, country and posterity have lost much 
of their substance and are becoming only a shadow in the hearts and minds of many Americans. 

Great Negro Americans such as Booker T. Washington and George Washington Carver should serve both as an inspiration and a 
reminder to the present and successive generations of Negro Americans that they too "can make their lives sublime and in 
departing leave behind them footprints in the sands of time." 

The great surge of progress of the Negro since slavery can be largely traced to the work and efforts of these two men, their 
supporters, their emulators and their followers. Theirs was a deep and abiding pride of race, a firm belief in the ability of their 
benighted people to rise above their past and eventually stand on an equal plane with all other races. Moreover, equality was to 
them, not just a catchword — the prattle of fools — but a living thing to be achieved only by demonstrated ability. 


The Negro business man has always been a chief target of the reds. They despise him because of his conservatism. They label him 
"a tool of the white imperialists" and an "enemy of the Negro masses." Such labels are reserved for those the reds plan to 
liquidate, and since the Negro business man is an inspiration and example to other Negroes to take advantage of the countless 
opportunities of the free enterprise system, he is therefore an object of derision by Communists. An enthusiastic response of the 
Negro to the appeal and opportunities for Negro business is a cardinal bulwark against Communism. Consequently, the reds seek 
to discredit, discourage and liquidate Negro business. 

Only during the period of the Popular Front did the reds cease their attack on Negro business in order to link the Negro banker, 
broker, realtor, business man, merchant, lawyer, physician, preacher, worker and farmer with Bolshevism under the guise of a 

National Negro Congress. 

Basically, the reds' policy is now, and always has been, anti-Negro business. The fact that Negro business is sustained in the main 
by Negro patronage, that it exists almost entirely in the Negro community, makes it vulnerable to attack by the reds. They term it a 
product of "segregation," "social isolation," "the ghetto," etc. And, too, the reds use the example of sharp competition between 
small and big business to discourage Negro entry into the general arena. 

While it is true that Negro businesses in only a few instances function outside the Negro community, this does not mean that they 
cannot function in other areas if the Negro provides attractive goods and services. But what is wrong with the Negro owning and 
operating community business? The Germans, the Italians, the Irish, the Jews, the Chinese have their respective communities 
where they own and operate most of the businesses. At no time do they consider it as a crime. Chinatown in New York and San 
Francisco are splendid examples of the community resourcefulness and pride that draw, like a magnet, multitudes from all walks 
of life. The Negro can learn much from the Chinese. 

I recently attended a luncheon at the Hotel New Yorker in New York City, sponsored by a very fine and cultured group of Negro 
ladies. We were served in a private dining room by white waiters and waitresses. There was not a white person present except the 
hotel employees, yet these Negroes considered this integration. Any one of a number of Negro caterers could have supplied the 
same service. What is more important is that large sums paid to this hotel could have helped develop and expand a Negro catering 
service. Other races have such services which are not considered "integrated." Yet the Negro bitten by the integration bug is so 
naive that he thinks that boycotting his own race and spending his money in a place where he is unwanted and isolated is "putting 
his own best foot forward." One of the officers of the group said, "It's good to be seen in such places," as if some special honor 

Color, Communism and Common Sense 12 

had been conferred upon her. She was so carried away with the fact that she could walk through the lobby of a white hotel to a 
private (segregated) dining room that had I suggested that it did not mean acceptance, I would have made an enemy. 

Other members waxed eloquent in their praise of those responsible for the decision to hold "our annual luncheon" in "white 
hotels" because it "leads toward integration." How I'll never understand. Nobody paid any attention to our coming. They had seen 
Negroes before. We were not too hard to be seen nor identified. We left the same way. There was no welcome mat; no 
enthusiastic reception. To me it seemed that the employees and management were glad to get rid of us. 

The disastrous effect of "integration," so ardently advocated by the reds and the N.A.A.C.P. is evident in the following article: 


"Negro businessmen, such as hotel owners, tavern operators and sellers of cooked food, are up in the air in some cities 
because Negro money is bypassing their cash registers and falling into the pockets of white proprietors who run choice 
spots in downtown areas. 

"This is especially true in the convention cities of Detroit and Miami. Detroit businessmen on the Negro side raised quite a 
howl a few months back when an all-Negro female conclave hit town and none of the delegates as much as looked 
through the doors of Negro-operated businesses. They slept in white-owned hotels, convened in white convention rooms, 
ate in white dining rooms, drank at white bars, and danced in white ballrooms. 

"Owners and operators of Negro businesses in Miami, Fla., were quite angry last year after the African Methodist 
Episcopal Church General Conference packed up and got out of town. They claimed AME delegates, and there were 
hundreds of them, spent their money with white hotels on Miami Beach and even took their meals in Miami Beach 
restaurants. Negro taxicab drivers were pretty hot, too. 

"Not too far back, Negro cab drivers chased a white cab driver out of Miami's Negro area because he was riding a Negro 

"Somebody down in Miami must have talked to officials of the Church of God in Christ before they held their 
International Youth Conference there last week, because the conference was held in a Negro church, delegates lived in 
Negro hotels, ate in colored dining rooms, and held their banquets in big rooms made available by Negro hotels. They 
even held an open air festival at the all-Negro Virginia Beach just out of Miami." 

[The Pittsburgh Courier (the largest Negro newspaper in the U.S.), July 13, 1957, Behind the Headlines, by Robert M. Ratcliffe.] 

Betrayal of the Negro people may well come through Communist corruption of the Negro intellectual. This is not so difficult since 
the Communists, the "white liberals" and the "white progressives" do the thinking for most of them. 

The utter bankruptcy of the Negro intelligentsia is startlingly evident by reason of the absence of any strong and dramatic 
movement for genuine Negro organization, leadership and thinking. Deep in the swamp of inferiority, lack of ability, muddled 
thought, the Negro intelligentsia looks to the phoney white liberals, politicians and progressive hypocrites for leadership, guidance 
and money. These "whites" are carriers of "isms" other than Americanism which spreads like an epidemic in the ranks of the 
hapless Negro intellectuals. Due to the lack of race pride, there is no immunity. 


All other racial and national groups have their respective organizations. No Negro belongs to any of these organizations, nor is his 
membership sought or welcome. Moreover, no Negro is called upon to decide what is best for any one of these groups. What is 
most important is that no one of these groups considers itself "segregated" because no Negro belongs, is invited, nor has his 
opinion sought. Yet the Negro intellectual contends that to get together as Negroes, to discuss common problems as Negroes, to 
decide what is best for Negroes, without white participation, is "segregation." 

Such an attitude speaks for itself. It is a hangover from slavery when the Negro had to depend on the master for everything 
necessary for his well being. At the same time, it proves that no "Proclamation of Emancipation" is capable of freeing those who 
do not wish to be free. The Negro intelligentsia, by far and large, is physically free but mentally slave. After nearly a century 
removed from chattel slavery, they arc unwilling and incapable of throwing off their slave psychology. Reds and political 
charlatans of all shades, aware of this fact, find the Negro intellectual easy prey. 

Fundamentally, there is deep racial consciousness among Negro Americans. They have, in spite of the divisive influence of the 
Negro intellectual, the same instinctive urge to group together as have other racial and national groups. 

They desire progress through the medium of education, reliability, know-how and productivity, all so essential in competitive 
society. They know that to hold a comparable job they must be just as good and in most instances better, though a number of 
Negro intellectuals try to convince them that the cry of discrimination is a good substitute. 

Furthermore, they know that a number of Negroes developed skills during the war, but that the great majority are not highly 
skilled or trained to fit into industry during this atomic age. (Thanks to W. E. B. DuBois and Monroe Trotter for their 
indefatigable toil to defeat the industrial training program of Booker T. Washington which would have made the Negro an 
indispensable part of American industry.) 

Color, Communism and Common Sense 13 

Booker T. Washington's philosophy of education was to prepare the majority of Negroes through vocational training, to play a 
vital role in the rapidly developing American economy before and after the turn of the century. He undoubtedly foresaw the 
process of industrialization, the ensuing demand for trained, qualified personnel — i.e., skilled tradesmen who could be relied 
upon to do a job efficiently and well. Such training would enable the Negro to maintain his favored position, after slavery, and 
place him in a better competitive position against immigrants in the labor market. He stressed pride of race, home ownership, land 
ownership along with industrial and agricultural training. 

Leftists, DuBois and Monroe Trotter bitterly assailed this philosophy. Consequently, most Negro youths avoided the skilled trades 
as "menial." According to Mr. Carter G. Woodson, the vacuum was filled by white immigrant labor. 

Many Negroes realize that DuBois was wrong then, as he is today, in his attempt to steer them down the road to Communism. 
Further, the average Negro realizes that his happiness and well-being are not served to him on a silver platter, but come as a result 
of hard and difficult struggle. He therefore seeks (1) practical solutions to all his problems, and (2) a way to get along with other 
Americans with the least possible friction. Sagely, he realizes that a man cannot live constantly in the miasmic fog of race hostility 
without stifling to death, nor can he live fighting all other Americans all the time. 

On the other hand, the vociferous Negro intellectuals, along with the reds, through their impractical, unrealistic, alien behavior, 
turn race relations into a shambles. Every Negro who opposes integration and the N.A.A.C.P. becomes a traitor or an "Uncle 
Tom." Every white person taking a similar stand is branded a "criminal" and "outside of the law." The fact that courts have been 
known to reverse themselves and that under our system of government every American has the right to protest and oppose any 
ruling considered onerous or prejudicial is ignored. Stupidly, they go about their business of forcing everybody to conform or be 
damned, thus building up fires of resentment that will require the work of centuries to extinguish. 

Already, under the guise of "struggling for Negro rights," they have created all the explosive material for racial violence by 
making impossible demands, resisting sane and just decisions, opposing compromise and adjustment and demanding that 
everything must be done forthwith or not at all. 

They have no love for their own people. They have no love for America. Naturally, they get the Kremlin's support and approval. 
Feeling frustrated and inferior, they run to communism and civil disobedience in their folly. They play Moscow's game and they 
deserve whatever red reward that is due them. 

Color, Communism and Common Sense 14