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Full text of "Constitution and playing rules of the National league of professional base ball clubs"

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1SS9. 
CONSTITUTION 

AND 

PLAYING RULES 

, OF THE 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 

OF 

PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 



OFFICIAL PUBLICATION. 



Including the Proceedings of the League Congress held in New York, 18 
and Washington, 1889, and the Official Fielding and Hatting Aver- 
ages of Players in Championship Games in 1888. 



CHICAGO: 

PUBLISHED BY A. G. SPALDING & BROS., 
108 Madison St., Chicago. 241 Broadway, New York. 



CORRECT DIAGRAM OF A BALL GROUND. 



left » 



Centre 



Right 



2d Baseman 




A. A. A. — Ground reserved for Umpire, BatBman and Catcher. 

B. B. — Ground reserved for Captain t nd Assistant. 
C— Players' Bench D.— Visiting Players' Bat Back. 
E.— Borne Playera' Bat K*.c>- 



INDEX 



-TO TIIE- 



OOISTSTITTJTIOIT . 



Section. 

Name ^ i 

Objects 2 

MEMBERSHIP. 

Members for 1886 3 

Not more than One Club Member from any City 3 

Population of Eligible City 4 

Mode of Applying for Membership 5-6 

Election of Club Member 6 

Mode of Filling Vacancy in Club Membership 7 

Dues, Assessments, Fines, Etc -. 8 

Guarantee Fund 9 

Termination of League Club Membership 10 

" Membership, How Enforced 11 

Membership of Umpire, Manager or Player 12 

Disqualified Persons, Secretary's Record and Notice 13 

OFFICERS. 

President, Election and Duties of 14 

Hoard of Directors, Election of 15 

Directors, Qualifications of , 16 

Board of Directors, Duties of 17 

Meetings of 18 

Reports of 19 

Proceedings of, not to be Disclosed. . . 20 

Filling Vacancy in 21 

Secretary, how Elected 22 

'* to be Treasurer 23 

General Duties of 24 

to Record and Report Violations of Rules and 

Regulations 25 

Secretary, Salary and Guarantees 26 

(3) 



INDEX TO THE CONSTITUTION 



LEAGUE CLUB, UMPIRES, MANAGERS AND 
PLAYERS. 

Section. 

Club, Jurisdiction of its Affairs 27 

" " Territory 2S 

Restriction as to Games 2S 

Contract with Manager or Player 29 

Player not under Contract, what Games He May Play in. . . 29 

Compensation and Classification of Players 30 

Mode of Determining Assignment 31 

Affidavit of Club Presidents as to Amount of Salary Paid 

each Player 32 

Negotiations for Release of Non-League Players 33 

Release from Contract, Notification of 34 

" " " Effect of 35 

When Manager or Player May Engage with Another Club 36 

When Manager cr Player Becomes Ineligible 37 

Clubs Forbidden to Employ Disqualified Persons 38 

" " " Play Clubs Employing Disqualified 

Persons 39 

Manager or Player, when to Report Grievances 40 

" " " Cause of Expulsion'of 41 

" " " ■' " Suspension of 42 

Umpire, Cause of Disqualification of 43 

The Umpire, how Appointed 44 

Umpire's Expulsion 45 

" Jurisdiction 46 

DISPUTES AND COMPLAINTS. 

Disputes between Clubs, how Adjudicated 47 

Complaint of Club Against Manager or Player of Another 

Club 4S 

Complaint of Reserved Player Against the Club Reserving 

Him 49 

Complaint of Player under Contract Against His Club 50 

Appeal of Manager or Player 51 

When Director is Ineligible to Try a Case 52 

Expenses of Trials and Arbitrations 53 

Decision of Joint Arbitration Committee Final 54 

PLAYING RULES. 

When Enacted and Amended ..... 55 

CHAMPIONSHIP. 

Championship to be Contended for Yearly 56 

Season 57 

Games, what are 58 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 5 

Section. 

Championship Games, Number of, in Series 59 

Tie, or Drawn Games, how Played off 59 

Home Club Entitled to Half of Series on its Grounds 6o 

" " to Control Exhibition of Game 6o 

" " to be Furnished Batting Order of Visiting Club 6o 

Championship Schedule 6i 

Schedule Date not be Changed Except 6i 

Admission to Championship Game. Price of . . . 62 

Correspondence Concerning Championship Games, by whom 

Conducted 63 

Receipts of Championship Games, Statement and Payment 

of 64 

Admission to Championship Games, how Regulated 64 

League Games Forbidden Prior to Championship Season. . . 65 
Games between League and Non-League Clubs, Regula- 
tions .Governing 66 

Games between League and Non-League Clubs, Division of 

Receipts , (1,3) 66 

Games between League and Non- League Clubs, Penalty for 

Non-Payment (3,4) 66 

Count of Forfeit Games 67 

Drawn, Tie or Postponed Games not to Count, but be 

Played off 68 

The Champion Club 69, 

• Emblem of Championship 70 

M ode of Deciding Championship 70 

ANNUAL MEETING. 

Time and Place 71 

Delegates and Visitors 72 

Special Meeting, how Called 73 

Quorum 74 

Order of Business 75 

AMENDMENTS. 

Amendments to Constitution or Playing Rules (1) 76 

Suspension of Constitution (2) 76 



CONSTITUTION 

— OF THE — 

NATIONAL LEAGUE 



PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL GIUBS. 

i88 9 . 






Section i. This Association shall be called " The National 
League of Professional Bask Ball Clubs." 

objects. 

Sec. 2. The objects of this League are: 

1. To encourage, foster, and elevate the game of base ball; to 
enact and enforce proper rules for the exhibition and conduct of 
the game, and to make base ball playing respectable and honor- 
able. 

2. To protect and promote the mutual interests of professional 
base ball clubs and professional base ball players, and, 

3. To establish and regulate the base ball championship of the 
United States. 

MEMBERSHIP. 

Sec. 3. This League shall consist of such professional base 
ball clubs as may from time to time be elected to membership, 
but in no event shall there be more than one club from any city. 

Sec. 4. No club shall be admitted from any city whose popu- 
lation is less than seventy-live thousand (75,000), except by unani- 
mous vote of the League. 

Sec. 5. No club shall be admitted unless it shall first have de- 
livered to the Secretary of the League a written application for 
membership, signed by its President and Secretary, accompanied 

(C) 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. I 

by documents showing that such club bears the name of the city 
in which it is located, and that it is regularly organized and offi- 
cered, and where the State law permits it, chartered. Such appli- 
cation shall at once be transmitted by the Secretary to the Board 
of Directors, who shall immediately investigate and report upon 
said application; said report to be communicated to the League 
through the Secretary. 

Sec. 6. The voting upon an application for membership shall 
be by ballot, a two-thirds vote being requisite for election, and no 
club shall be required under any circumstances to stale how it 
voted upon such application. 

Sec. 7. In case any League club shall forfeit its membership 
during the championship season, the Board of Directors may elect 
a non-League club to temporary membership in the League, which 
election shall entitle such temporary club member, without the 
payment of League club dues, to play all the championship sched- 
ule games remaining unplayed by the retired League club, upon 
the same terms and conditions as League clubs, except that such 
games shall not count in the championship series, and such tem- 
porary membership shall terminate at the next annual meeting of 
the League. 

DUES, ASSESSMENTS FINES, ETC, 

Sec. S. (i.) Every League club shall pay to the Secretary of the 
League on or before the first day of May of each year, the sum of 
one hundred dollars as annual dues; and on or before the twenty- 
fifth day of each month of the championship season, such other 
sum as may be lawfully assessed for the payment of salaries of 
officers and umpires, and for such other expenses as may be in- 
curred by order of the League, or of the Board of Directors. 

(2.) Upon conviction of any of the offences prescribed in Sec- 
tion 10, as causes for expulsion — the Board of Directors may, in 
the first instance, as a preliminary to, or in lieu of expulsion, im- 
pose such a fine as is in their judgment, commensurate with the 
injury; which fine may include a penalty payable to any other 
League club or clubs, as an equivalent for damages, sustained for 
such violation of this constitution, or the legislation or contracts 
made in pursuance thereof. 



GUARANTEE FUND. 

SEC g (1). Each club elected to membership shall within thirty 
days after official notice of such election — by its President or 
other chief executive officer — sign and affix its common seal to this 
constitution as a covenant to fulfil all the obligations and require- 
ments thereof, and of all legislation and contracts made in pursu- 
ance thereof. 



8 LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 

It shall at the same time execute and deliver unto the President 
of the League, as Trustee for the other League Clubs, a bond 
with approved sureties in the penal sum of five thousand dollars 
(^5,000), conditioned for the faithful performance of said Consti- 
tutional Covenants, and for the payment into the Guarantee 
Fund of the sum of five thousand dollars ($5,000), in annual in- 
stallments of not less than one thousand dollars (.$i,ooo), payable 
during the month of May; any default to cause the forfeiture of 
said penal sum, and of all installments previously paid into said 
fund. 

(2.) The Guarantee Fund shall be invested by the Board of 
Directors in United States Government Bonds, or in such other 
interest-bearing securities as the League in meeting shall direct. 
Said securities shall always be subject to the inspection of the 
League, or of its Auditing Committee appointed for the purpose. 

(3.) The interest and income accruing from such securities 
shall, as soon as collected, be transferred into the treasury in aid 
of the current and contingent expenses of the League. 

(4.) The principal of said fund shall, except as hereinafter 
stated, be kept intact as a guarantee against any violation of the 
provisions of this Constitution, or of the legislation and contracts 
made in pursuance thereof. 

(5.) The failure of a club to pay into said fund, when due, any 
annual installment of its contribution thereto, shall forfeit the full 
penal sum of its bond, and suit may at once be entered for the 
recovery of the same, or in lieu thereof, and in default of a col- 
lection of the same, the Board of Directors, unless otherwise in- 
structed by the League, may expel said club from membership in 
the manner prescribed in Section II, when the installment or in- 
stallments already paid shall be forfeited, converted into cash and 
transferred into the treasury in aid of the current and contingent 
expenses of the League. 

(0.) Upon the acceptance of the resignation of a club from 
membership or upon the involuntary termination of such member- 
ship for "business reasons," as provided for in Section 10, said 
club shall be entitled to a return of its bond and of its entire con- 
tribution to the Guarantee Fund (less all dues, assessments and 
fines chargeable thereon), either in cash or, at the option of the 
Board of Directors, in the securities in which the said cash may then 
be invested. 

(7.) Upon thirty days' default by a club— after due notice by 
the Secretary — in its payment of dues, assessments, or fines im- 
posed in pursuance of this Constitution, the Board of Directors 
shall declare forfeited an equivalent amount of said club's contri- 
bution to the Guarantee Fund, which equivalent amount to- 
gether with such additional fine for said default — as may be im- 



IV 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. ~d 

posed by said Board — shall be repaid within three months there- 
after, under penalty of forfeiture of the bond of said club and of 
its entire contribution to said fund, and of its expulsion from mem- 
bership. Provided, That nothing herein contained shall be con- 
strued to prohibit a collection by suit on said bond, either before 
or after expulsion, of any unpaid installments of said club's con- 
tribution to said fund requisite to satisfy and liquidate all arrears 
of said dues, assessments and fines. 

(S.) Upon a club's expulsion from membership for persistence 
in an unaccepted resignation, its entire contribution to the Guar- 
antee Fund shall be forfeited, and suit may be instituted on its 
bond for all unpaid installments thereof. 

Sec. io. The membership of any League Club may be ter- 
minated: 

(t.) By resignation duly accepted by a majority vote of all the 
League Clubs in meeting duly convened. 

(2 ) By an adverse vote of two-thirds of the remaining League 
Clubs in meeting duly convened, -when, for business reasons, such 
membership shall no longer be desirable. 

(3.) By expulsion in the manner prescribed in Section 11, for 
Failure to sign the Constitution, and deliver the bond and pay its 
contributions to the Guarantee Fund as prescribed in Section 
9, or 

Failure to pay the visiting club the amount due under the pro- 
visions of Section 64 of this Constitution. 

Failure to present its nine at the time and place agreed upon to 
play any championship game, unless caused by unavoidable acci- 
dent in traveling, or 

Selling or allowiug to be sold upon its grounds, or in any build- 
ing owned or occupied by it, any spirituous, vinous or malt liquors, 
or, 

Allowing open betting or pool selling upon its grounds, or in 
any building owned and occupied by it; or 

Playing any game of ball with a club that is disqualified or in- 
eligible under this Constitution or the National. Agreement of Pro- 
fessional Base Ball Clubs; or 

Offering, agreeing.conspiring, or attempting to lose any game 
of ball, or failing to immediately expel any player who shali be 
proven guilty of offering, agreeing, conspiring or attempting to 
lose any game of ball, or of being interested in any pool or wager 
thereon; or 

Taking part in any game of ball on Sunday. 

Disbandment of its organization or nine; or 

Failing or refusing to fulfil its contractual obligations with the 
other League Clubs', or 



10 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 



ailing or refusing to comply with any lawful requirement of 
the Board of Directors; or 

Wilfully violating any provision of this Constitution, or the 
Legislation or Playing Rules made in pursuance thereof. 

Sec. II. To carry into effect the provisions of Sections 9 and 
10 of tnis Constitution, the facts in any case covered by such sec- 
tions must be reported to the Secretary of the League, who shall 
at once telegraph the party charged with the specified default or 
offenc, inquiring whether any dispute exists as to the facts 
alleged. In case the facts are disputed, the Board shall after clue 
notice, try the case under such regulations as they may prescribe, 
and their findings shall be final and conclusive on all parties ex- 
cept in case of expulsion, when such finding shall be forwarded to 
each League Club, which shall transmit to the Secretary written 
ballots ''For Expulsion," or "Against Expulsion," and if all the 
other League clubs vote "For Expulsion," the Secretary shall no- 
tify all League clubs of the forfeiture of membership of the party 
charged; and every club shall, on or after the receipt of such no- 
tice, govern its intercourse with such expelled member by the pro- 
hibitions and penalties prescribed by this Constitution. 

Sec. 12. (Par. 1.) The umpires, managers and players em- 
ployed by the clubs belonging to this League shall be consid- 
ered and treated as members hereof to the extent of being 
always amenable to the provisions of this Constitution, and en- 
titled to all its privileges in matters of dispute, grievance or 
discipline, as provided in this Constitution. 

(2.) Any umpire, manager or player, having forfeited mem- 
bership, shall not be readmitted, except by unanimous vote of 
the League. 

Sec. 13. A list to be designated " the black list, " shall be 
kept by the Secretary of the names of any persons who may be 
declared by an affirmative vote of five League Clubs, at any 
regular or special meeting, to be unworthy of service in the 
League, as umpire, manager or player, and any person so 
named shall be disqualified for employment by, or service in any 
League Club, until his name be removed from such list by unan- 
imous vote of all League Clubs at a regular or special meet- 
ing. The Secretary shall immediately notify all League Clubs 
of any name placed upon or removed from such list of disquali- 
fied persons. 

OFFICERS. 

Sec. 14. At its annual meeting the League shall elect a Presi- 
dent by ballot. The President shall be ex officio Chairman of 
the Board of Directors. He shall preside at all the meetings of 
the League and shall call special meetings of the League when 



k 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 



11 



he may deem it necessary, or when thereto requested by half of 
the clubs of the League. 

Should the office of President become vacant by death, resig- 
nation or removal, the Board of Directors shall within thirty 
days elect a President. 

Sec. 15. The Board of Directors shall consist of the President 
and four other members, to be chosen at the annual meeting, in 
the following manner: The name of each club, except that of 
which the President is a member, shall be plainly written upon a 
card, in full view of the delegates present, by the Secretary; the 
cards to be of the same size, shape, color and material. The 
cards shall then be placed in some suitable receptacle, and well 
shaken together; thereupon four of these cards shall be drawn 
successively, and at random, and one delegate from each of the 
four clubs whose names are so drawn, shall, with the President, 
compose the Board, and if any club whose name is thus drawn be 
represented by two delegates, such delegate shall name one of 
their number to be a member of the Board: Provided, That at 
any time after the adjournment of the annual League meeting, 
any League Club represented on the Board may substitute 
another representative; such substitution to be attested by writ- 
ten notice to the Secretary, signed by the President of the League 
club, and upon receipt of such notice by the Secretary, such 
substitution shall take effect, and the Secretary shall thereupon 
notify all League clubs. 

Sec. 16. No person shall be qualified to act as Director who 
is not an actual member of the club he represents; nor shall any 
club, under any circumstances, be represented by more than one 
person on the Board. 

Sec. 17. The Board shall have the general supervision and 
management of all affairs and business of the League and shall 
be individually answerable to the League for the faithful dis- 
charge of their trust. 

Sec. iS. The Board shall meet anually on the morning of the 
first Wednesday after the second Tuesday in November at nine 
o'clock at the place where the annual meeting of the League is to 
be held, but may hold special meetings wherever urgent necessity 
may require. 

Sec. 19. The Board shall prepare a detailed report of all their 
doings, and present the same, in writing, to the League, at its 
annual meeting, which report shall, if accepted, be filed with the 
Secretary, together with all official papers, documents and prop- 
erty which may have come into their possession by virtue of their 
office. 

Sec. 20. Any Director who shall disclose or publish any of the 
proceedings of the Board, except officially through the report of 



12 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 



I 
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d< 

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inj 
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fiec 



den 
the 
the 



the Board, or when called upon by vote of the League, shall for- 
feit his office. 

Sec. 21. Incase of a vacancy in the Board by reason of the 
death, resignation, absence or disqualification of any Director, 
the club of which he was a member at the time he was chosen 
shall designate his successor, and at once notify the Secretary. 
But if such vacancy is caused by the withdrawal, disbanding or 
disqualification of a club represented on the Board, the Board 
may fill the vacancy by election in the same manner as provided 
for the election of Directors in Section 15. 

Sec. 22. The Board shall elect a gentleman of intelligence, 
honesty ar.d good repute, who is versed in base ball matters but 
who is not in any manner connected with the press, and who is 
not a member of any professional base ball club, either in or out 
of the League, to be the Secretary of the Board, and of the 
League. 

Sec. 23. The Secretary shall be the Treasurer of the League, 
and as such shall be the custodian of all funds of the League, 
receive all dues, fees and assessments, make such payments as 
shall be ordered by the Board, or by the vote of the League, and 
render annually a report of his accounts, and shall give such bond 
with approved sureties as the Board may require. 

Sec. 24. The Secretary shall have the custody and care of the 
official records and papers of the League; shall keep a true record 
of all meetings of the League and the Board shall issue all official 
notices and attend to the necessary correspondence; he shall pre- 
pare and furnish such reports as may be called for by the Board, 
and shall be entitled to such books, stationery, blanks and mater- 
ials as the actual duties of his office may require. 

Sec. 25. The Secretary shall keep a record of all infractions 
of the rules and regulations of the League that may come to 
his notice, and shall (except in cases covered by Sections 11 and 
1 3) make a report on the same to the President, who shall present 
it to the Board at its next meeting. 

Sec. 26. The Secretary shall receive such salary as the Board, 
by vote shall determine, ;<nd shall be reimbursed for all traveling 
expenses actually incurred by him in the service of the League; 
and the Board may exact from him such guarantees for the faith- 
ful performance of his duties as they may deem for the interest 
and safety of the League. At the expiration of his term of office, 
he shall account for and deliver up to the Board all the property 
and papers which may have come into his hands by virtue of his 
office. 

LEAGUE CLUBS, UMPIRES, MANAGERS AND PLAYERS. 

Sec. 27. Each club belonging to this League shail have the 
right to regulate its own affairs, to establish its own rules, and to 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 



13 



discipline, punish, suspend, or expel its own manager, players 
or other employes, and these powers shall not be limited to cases 
of dishonest p'l:,y or open insubordination, but shall include all 
questions of carelessness, indifference, or other conduct of the 
player that may be regarded by the club as prejudicial to its inter- 
ests. Provided, That all club regulations must be made subord- 
inate to and in conformity with the general regulations established 
by this League, and no club shall prescribe any rule or regulation 
in conflict with any provision of this Constitution, or the Playing 
Rules. 

Sec. 28. Every club member of this League shall have exclus- 
ive control of the city in which it is located, and of the territory 
surrounding such city, to the extent of four miles in every direc- 
tion from its corporate limits, and no visiting League club shall, 
under any circumstances — except with the consent of the local 
League club until all League championship games on that ground 
shall have been finished, be allowed to play any club in such terri- 
tory other than the League club therein located, nor shall a visit- 
ing League club play any game in April with any non-League 
club within said four miles from the corporate limits of the 
city in which the League club is located, without the consent of 
the local League club. 

Sec. 29. All contracts between a club and its players shall be 
executed by the Secretary of the League on behalf of such club, and 
may be either by telegram or writing, to be followed within thirty 
days thereafter by a regular League contract, which, after registry, 
shall be transmitted to said club and notice thereof promulgated 
to all other League clubs and to all Associations parties to the 
National Agreement of Professional Base Ball Associations. 

No player not under one of the two forms of contract specified 
in this Section, shall be eligible to play in a League game, except 
in the case of a player who shall meet with an accident, or be ex- 
pelled by his club. In such a contingency ar.y player not other- 
wise disqualified, under the provisions of this Constitution or said 
National Agreement, may take the place of such expelled or injured 
player; but such players shall not be eligible to play for more than 
five championship games in the nine of such club, without 
the contract and notice thereof required by this Section, or 
Section 30. 

Sec. 30. The compensation of all League players, for services 
as players, shall be limited, regulated and determined by the class- 
ification or grade to which such player may be assigned by the 
Secretary of the League after the termination of the championship 
season, as follows: 

Class A, compensation twenty-live hundred dollars. 

Class B, compensation twenty-two hundred and fifty dollars. 



14 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 



V 



Class C, compensation two thousand dollars. 

Class D, compensation seventeen hundred and fifty dollars. 

Class E, Maximum compensation fifteen hundred dollars. 

But this section shall not prohibit the payment of extra compen- 
sation for services of one player to each club as Field Captain or 
Team manager, nor for services to all the players of the champion 
League Club rendered in a series of games at the close of a season 
with the champion team of any other League or Association. 

Sec. 31. In determining such assignments, batting, fielding, 
base running, battery work, earnest team work and exemplary con- 
duct, both on and off the field at all times, shall be considered as 
a basis for classification. Each player, upon executing a League 
contract, shall make affidavit in form prescribed by the Secretary 
of the League to the effect that the consideration prescribed in 
said contract includes all salaries, bonuses, rewards, gifts and 
emoluments, and every other form of compensation expressly or 
impliedly promised him for his services as player during the term 
of such contract, and satisfactory proof to the Secretary of the 
League of any false statement contained in such affidavit shall, 
after fair notice to such player, blacklist him unless the ruling of 
the Secretary be reversed by the Board of Directors of the League 
upon proper appeal, hearing and counter proofs. 

Sec. 32. The President of each League Club shall, between the 
twentieth and thirty-first days of October of each year, file an 
affidavit with the Secretary of the League setting forth the full 
payment as salary, bonus, reward, gift, emolument and every other 
form of compensation express and implied made to each player in 
full settlement of his services as player for and during the season 
then terminating. 

A violation of the limit to compensation prescribed in Section 
30, or any false statement in said affidavit shall, upon satisfactory 
proof to the Secretary of the League, subject the club to which 
said President belongs, to a fine of two thousand dollars and the 
release of any player the subject of such illegal compensation or 
false statement from reservation by such club for the succeeding 
year, which player, however, will be retained under reservation for 
such other club as the League may determine. 

Sec. 33. Negotiations for the release from contract or reserv- 
ation, and for services of players other than those of the National 
League Clubs, shall be carried on exclusively through the Sec- 
retary of the League or his duly appointed agent. The president, 
secretary or manager of a club shall file with the Secretary of the 
League, either by letter or telegram, a written offer for the release 
and salary of said player. 

If two or more League Clubs file an offer for the same player, 
the offer first received shall have priority of claim to such player 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 



15 



until such negotiations fail when the offer next in order filed shall 
be entitled to negotiation, and so on in sequential order with any- 
subsequent offers; but no club shall have prior claim to any such 
negotiations for more than one non-League player not under contract 
with and required by another League Club. Negotiations carried 
on directly or indirectly with any such player, except through the 
Secretary of the League, shall forfeit all right to contract with, 
and subsequent reservation of such player by the Club so offering. 
Sec. 34. Any player while under contract with or reservation 
by a League Club, who shall, without the consent of such Club, 
<mter the service of any other club, in any capacity, shall be liable 
to expulsion by said League Club. Whenever a club releases a 
manager or player without notice, or gives him ten days' notice of 
release, in accordance with the terms of the League contract, and/ 
whenever it suspends or expels a manager or player, that club shall 
at once notify the Secretary, stating in case of release, the date 
when the same takes effect and in case of suspension or expulsion, 
the cause thereof, and the Secretary shall at once notify all other 
clubs of the League. 

Sec. 35. Releases of players from contract or reservation, and 
future contracts with such players, shall be regulated and governed 
by the National Agreement of professional base ball clubs and the 
League legislation made in pursuance thereof. 

Sec. 36. A manager or player, whose contract has become void 
by reason of his club's disbanding, withdrawing from or losing its 
membership in the League, may engage for the remainder of the 
season with any other club immediately after the League Sec- 
retary's notice of such disbandment, withdrawal; or loss of 
membership. 

Sec. 37. No manager or player who has been suspended or ex- 
pelled from a League club, or suspended by the League under the 
provisions of Section 13 of this Constitution, shall at any time 
thereafter be allowed to play with or serve in any capacity any 
League club (either the one expelling him or any other) unless the 
term of suspension by the club has expired, or upon his appeal to 
the Board, such suspension or expulsion shall have been set aside, 
or in a case arising under Section 13, unless his name shall have 
been removed from the black list by unanimous vote of the League, 
as provided in said section. 

Sec. 38. No club shall employ as umpire, manager, scorer, or 
player, any person who has wilfully violated any provision of this 
Constitution, or of the Playing Rules, or who has been expelled 
from any club belonging to this League, or who shall be dis- 
qualified from playing with a club under any provision of this 
Constitution. 

Sec. 39. No game of ball shall be played between a League 




f 



16 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 



club and any other club that has been expelled from membership 
in this League. No game of ball shall be played between a 
League club and any other club employing or presenting in its 
nine a player expelled or und r suspension from the League, or 
otherwise rendered ineligible by the National Agreement, or the 
legislation made in pursuance thereof. A violation of this section 
shall forfeit the game in favor of the non offending club, and sub- 
ject it to such fine as the Board of Directors may impose. 

Sec. 40. Any manager or player who may consider himself 
aggrieved or injured by any act of his club, or of any officer, agent 
or employe thereof, shall make his complaint thereof to the Pres- 
ident of the club when the club " nine" is at home. Any manager 
or player, under contract with or reservation by a League club, 
who shall, without the written consent of such club, leave its 
service, or who shall be proven guilty of offering, agreeing, con- 
spiring, or attempting to lose any game of ball, or of being inter- 
ested in any pool or wager thereon, shall be at once expelled by 
such club. 

Sec. 41. Any manager or player under contract with r. League 
club, whose name shall be placed upon the black list provided for 
in Section 13 of this Constitution,- in the manner therein provided, 
shall immediately upon receipt by such club of the Secretary's no- 
tice of such action, be discharged by such club from its service. 

Sec. 42. Any person under contract with a League club, who 
shall be guilty of drunkenness, gambling in any form, insubordi- 
nation, or of any dishonorable or disreputable conduct (except the 
'offences requiring expulsion, specified in Sec. 40), may be fined or 
suspended by such club for the remainder of the playing season, 
or for the remainder of that and all of the ensuing playing season, 
at the option of such club. And during the period of such sus- 
pension, such person shall be disqualified from playing in or 
against, or serving any League club: Provided, That the club 
having made the suspension shall not have power to rescind it 
or to curtail its duration. 

The President of the League shall have power, upon proper 
proof, to inflict a fine for any of such offences, not exceeding two 
hundred dollars (§200), which fine can only be remitted by the 
Board of Directors. 

Sec. 43. Any person who shall be proven guilty of offering, 
agreeing, conspiring, or attempting to cause any game of ball to 
rnsult otherwise than on its merits under the Playing Rules, or 
who, while acting as Umpire, shall violate any provision of the 
Constitution, or of the Playing Rules adopted hereunder, may be 
forever disqualified by the President of the League from acting as 
Umpire of any ame of ball participated in by a League club. 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 



17 



THE UliriRE. 

Sec. 44. A staff of four League Umpires shall be selected by 
the Secretary before the 1st day of May. 

(1.) Applications for such positions will be received by the 
Secretary until the 1st day of March. 

(2.) They shall be paid such salaries and allowed such ex- 
penses as may be mutually agreed upon by contract between 
them and the Secretary of the League, subject to the approval of 
the Board of Directors of the League. 

(3.) He shall be under the sole control and direction of the 
Secretary, from whom he will receive all assignments to duty, and 
all instructions regarding the interpretation of the Playing Rules, 
and the Secretary shall prescribe a proper uniform for him, all 
parts of which shall be worn when officiating as Umpire. 

(4.) In the event of the failure of such Umpire to umpire a 
game assigned to him, it shall be the duty of the Secretary to pro- 
vide a substitute to umpire such game, and in such case there 
shall be deducted from the next monthly payment to the League 
Umpire the sum of twelve dollars for each game assigned to him, 
which for any reason he shall have failed to umpire. 

(5.) It shall be the duty of each League club to accept as Um- 
pire for any championship game such League Umpire or substi- 
tute as the Secretary shall assign to such game, and only in the 
event of the failure of the League Umpire or substitute so as- 
signed to appear at the hour appointed for the beginning of such 
game, shall the duty devolve upon the visiting club to designate 
an Umpire for such game,. 

(6.) Any League Umpire shall be subject to removal by the 
Secretary at any time, and in the event of the resignation, removal 
or expulsion of any League Umpire the Secretary shall have power 
to appoint a suitable person to fill the vacancy thus created. 

Sec. 45. Any League Umpiie who shall in the judgment of the 
President of the League be guilty of ungentlemanly conduct, or of 
selling, or offering to sell, a game of which he is Umpiie, shall 
thereupon be removed from his official capacity, and placed under 
the same disabilities indicted upon expelled players by the Consti- 
tution of the League. 

Sec. 46. The Umpire's Jurisdictions and Powers, in addition 
to those specified in the preceding Rules, are: 

(1.) The gentleman selected to fill the position of Umpire must 
keep constantly in mind the fact that upon his sound discretion and 
promptness in conducting the game compelling players to observe 
the spirit as well as the letter of the Playing Rules, and enforcing 
each and every one of the said Rules, largely depends the merit of 



/■ ' 



18 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 




the game as an exhibition, and the satisfaction of spectators there- 
with. He must make his decisions distinct and clear, remember- 
ing- that every spectator is anxious to hear such decision. He- 
must keep the contesting nines playing constantly from the 
commencement of the game to its termination, allowing such 
delays only as are rendered unavoidable by accident, injury or rain, 
lie must, until the completion of the game, require the players of 
each side to promptly take their positions in the field as soon as 
the third hand is put out, and must require the first striker of the 
opposite side to be in his position at the bat as soon as the fielders 
are in their places. 

(2.) The players of the side " at bat " must occupy the portion 
of the field allotted them, subject to the condition that they must 
speedily vacate any portion thereof that may be in the way of the 
ball, or any fielder attempting to catch or field it. The triangular 
space behind the Home liase is reserved for the exclusive use of 
the Umpire, Catcher and Jiatsman, and the Umpire must prohibit 
any player of the side " at bat " from crossing the same at any 
time while the ball is in the hands of the Pitcher or Catcher, or is 
passing between them, while standing in their positions. 

(3.) The League Umpire is a member of the League. During 
the progress of a game he is the sole representative of the League, 
to see that the game is played and determined solely on its merits, 
and he is invested with ample powers to accomplish this purpose. 
In the performance of his duties he must remember that his sole 
allegiance is due to the League. 

(4.) The Umpire is master of the field from the commencement 
to the termination of the game, and must compel the players to 
observe the provisions of all the Playing Rules, and he is hereby 
invested with authority to order any player to do or omit to do any 
act, as he may deem it necessary to give force and effect to such 
Rules, and he shall have no power to revoke or remit any fines 
imposed for violation of such Rules. 

(5.) The Umpire shall at once notify the Captain of the 
offending player's side of the infliction of any such fine, and the 
club to which such player belongs shall, upon receipt of a notice 
of said fine from the Secretary of the League, within ten days 
transmit the amount thereof to the Secretary of the League. 

(6.) When the Umpire shall impose a fine on a player, or 
declare a game forfeited, he shall transmit a written notice thereof 
to the Secretary of the League within twenty-four hours thereafter; 
and if he shall fail to do so, he shall forfeit his position as League 
Umpire, and shall forever thereafter be ineligible to umpire any 
League game. 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 



19 



DISPUTES AND COMPLAINTS. 

Sec. 47. The Board of Directors shall be the sole tribunal to- 
determine disputes between clubs; the facts to be submitted, and 
the dispute adjudicated under such regulations as the Board shall 
prescribe in each case. The finding of the Board shall be final,, 
and under no circumstances shall be reconsidered, re-opened, or 
inquired into, either by the League or any subsequent Board. 

SEC. 48. The Board shall at once consider any complaint pre- 
ferred by a club against a manager or player of another club (prior 
to the expiration of the championship season) for conduct in vio- 
lation of any provision of this Constitution, or prejudicial to the 
good repute of the game of base ball, and shall have power to 
require the club to which such manager or player may belong, to 
discipline him, and upon repetition of such offence, to expel him: 
Provided, That such complaint be preferred in writing, giving 
such particulars as may enable the Board to ascertain all the facts, 
and be transmitted to the Secretary, by whom it shall at once be 
referred to the Board. 

Sec. 49. In case a player under reserve for the ensuing season 
by any League club, shall prefer a complaint in writing to the 
Secretary of the League against said club, alleging: 

1. That such clubs are in arrears to him on account of his 
contract for the last preceding season or 

2. That he has on or after March 1st offered to contract with 
such club for the ensuing season, for the same compensation as 
that of the last preceding season unless since classified under Sec- 
tion 36, at a lower rate and that the said club has declined either 
to enter into such contract, or to release him from reservation, the 
Secretary shall at once transmit to the said club a copy of such 
complaint, and require an answer thereto. On receipt of such 
answer, or if one week shall have elapsed without the receipt of an 
answer, the Secretary shall refer the papers in the case to the 
Chairman of the Board. The Board shall thereupon try the case 
under such regulations as they may prescribe, and should they find 
the player's complaints sustained by the facts, they shall release 
the player from reservation, and instruct the Secretary of the 
League to issue notice of such release, in like manner as if the 
player had been voluntarily released by the club. The Board 
shall also, should they find the club in arrears to the player, 
require the club, under penalty of forfeiture of its membership, to 
pay to the player, within ten days, the full amount ascertained to 
be due him. 

Sec. 50. In case a player under contract with a League club 
shall during a current season prefer a complaint in writing to the 
Secretary of the League, against such club, alleging that such club 
is in arrears to him on account of such contract, the Secretary 



20 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 



shall act in the matter as provided in the preceding Section, and 
should the Board find the player's complaint sustained, they shall 
require the club, under penalty of forfeiture of its membership, to 
pay to the player within ten days, the full amount ascertained to 
be due him: Provided, That should the player refuse to serve the 
club, pending action by the Board on his complaint, he will thereby 
forfeit the benefits of the award, and in such case the Board shall 
revoke his award. 

Sec. 51. The Board shall also be the sole tribunal for the 
hearing of an appeal made by any person who shall have been 
expelled or suspended by his club. The matter shall be proceeded 
with in the following manner. Such person shall, within thirty 
days after the date of the expulsion or suspension, file with the 
Secretary a written statement of his defence, accompanied by a 
request that an appeal be allowed him. The Secretary shall notify 
the club of the request for an appeal, accompanying such notice 
with a copy of the appeal, and at the next annual meeting, the 
club, by its duly authorized representative, and the appellant in 
person, by attorney, or by written statement, shall appear before 
the Board with their testimony. The Board shall impartially hear 
the matter and render their decision, which shall be final, and 
forever binding on both club and player. 

Sec. 52. No Director shall sit in the trial of a cause in which 
his club is interested. 

Sec. 53. Any expenses of trials or arbitrations shall be borne 
equally by the parties to the controversy. 

Sec. 54. In all disputes, complaints or questions arising under 
" The National Agreement of Professional B. B. Associations," 
between this League and any other association of clubs, party to 
such agreement, or between any club of this League and any club 
of any other association, party to such agreement, the adjudi- 
cation thereof shall be left entirely to the joint Board of Arbitra- 
tion provided for by such agreement, and this League will comply 
with and be bound by the award, findings or verdict of such 
Board in any such case, so long as this League continues a party 
[O such " National Agreement." 

Sec. 55. The League, at its annual meeting, shall adopt such 
Playing Rules, as may be enacted by the joint committee on Nat- 
ional Playing Rules. 

championship. 



Sec. 56. The Championship of the United States, established 
by this League, shall be contended for yearly by the clubs com- 
posing this League. 

Sec. 57. The championship season shall extend from such 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 



21 



date in April or May to such date in September or October as the 
League may determine at its stated or special meeting. 

Sec. 58. Every game played between two clubs from the com- 
mencement of the championship season to the completion of the 
championship series between such clubs, shall be a game for the 
championship, and no League club shall lend or exchange players, 
to or with each other, for any game played during the champion- 
ship season. 

Sec. 59. Each club shall play twenty championship games 
(and no more) with every other club but a tie or drawn game or 
games prevented by rain shall be played off on the same grounds 
on the first succeeding day (not counting Sundays, days previously 
agreed upon for championship games between said clubs, or days 
when rain renders playing impossible) within the dates of the same 
schedule series between such clubs, if any remain open ; and if 
not, such game may be played off on any open date on either 
grounds. 

Sec. 60. Each club shall have half of the championship series 
of games with every other club played on its own grounds ; and 
in all the details of such games that do not involve the rights of 
the visiting club under the Playing Rules, but relate solely to such 
games as attractive exhibitions to the patrons of the home club, 
the visiting club shall defer to the wishes of the home club and 
the visiting club shall furnish to a person designated by the home 
club the batting order of its nine by 10 o'clock on the morning of 
the day of each game. In case of the failure of any visiting club 
to furnish the batting order of its nine as herein stipulated, it shall 
forfeit the sum of §10, which amount shall be immediately trans- 
mitted to the Secretary of the League upon the receipt of notice 
from him of the infliction of such fine, which notice shall be given 
by the Secretary upon receipt of complaint from the home club. 

It shall be the duty of the home club to furnish the manager 
and captain of the visiting club with a list of the batting order 
before the commencement of the game, under similar penalties for 
default as herein prescribed. The visiting club shall have the 
right to practice its nine on the grounds of the home club between 
II and 12 o'clock A. M, on each day of its visit during the champ- 
ionship season. 

Sec. 61. All championship games shall be arranged for in 
writing, and so as to complete the championship series by the 
expiration of the championship season. Such written arrange- 
ment shall be made by such method as the League shall direct, 
before the beginning of the championship season, and shall con- 
sist of a schedule and agreement relating thereto, which agreement 
shall be signed by every League club, and the schedule and agree- 
ment fi'ed with the Secretary of the League, and a copy thereof, 



22 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 



bearing his certificate as to its correctness, furnished by the Secre- 
tary to every League club. The schedule shall provide for an 
equal number of return games, and specify the date of each game, 
and the dates of each series of games. No date in said schedule 
shall subsequently be changed, except (i) by written agreement of 
two clubs, from a date fixed by the schedule for a game between 
such clubs to another day between the first and last date of the 
same schedule series between such clubs ; or (2) as provided in 
Section 59 ; or (3) by the written consent of all the League clubs. 

Sec. 62. The price of admission to championship games shall 
be fifty cents for each adult person. 

Sec. 63. In correspondence between clubs, all letters and tele- 
grams concerning Umpires, dates, and other matters pertaining to 
championship games, to a club at home, must be addressed to and 
answered by its President, or by an officer of such club designated 
by its President to act for him in such matters, the Secretary of 
the League to be notified of such designation. If such communi- 
cation be made by another club when at home, they must be 
addressed by, and answered to its President or his representative, 
as above provided ; and if the corresponding club be absent from 
home they must be addressed by and answered to its manager. 

Sec. 64. At the conclusion of each championship game, the 
home club shall deliver to the manager of the visiting club (and 
shall transmit by mail to the visiting club a duplicate of the same) 
a s'atement of the receipts of said game and shall pay to the 
authorized agent of such visiting club the sum of twelve and one- 
half cents (i2i) for each and every person admitted to the grounds 
to witness such game or any part thereof, or admitted to the 
grounds for any other purpose during, or prior to such game, or 
the hour appointed therefor, excepting only players.of contesting 
clubs, policemen in uniform and necessary employes of the home 
club, Provided, however, That whenever such twenty-live percen- 
tum shall be less than one hundred and fifty ($150) dollars, the 
home club shall pay to the visiting club at least the sum of one 
hundred and fifty ($150) dollars. 

The number of persons admitted to the grounds shall be deter- 
mined by the use of the necessary number of self-registering turn- 
stiles, the keys of which shall be delivered to the agent of the 
visiting club before the opening of the grounds for each game; 
and said agent of the visiting club shall have the right to affix a 
seal to the register or box. of such turnstile, and the box of such 
turnstile shall not be removed until after the close of the seventh 
inning and in case a carriage gate is used, a ticket for each per- 
son admitted through such gate shall at once be delivered to 
the agent of the visiting club. 



I 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION'. 



23 



Sec. 65. No game shall be played between League clubs before 
the commencement of the championship series. 

Sec. 66. No game shall be played between any League club 
and any non-League club, or picked nine, upon the grounds of 
any League club, from the commencement to the completion of 
the championship series upon such grounds, except that any extra 
players of the home club may so play while the home club is 
absent from the city. No game shall be arranged or played be- 
tween any League and non- League clubs, or picked nines, for or 
upon any "off days" of the championship series, except as above 
provided, and upon the following express conditions: 

1. If a League championship game be prevented by rain or 
unavoidable accident on the day (not counting Sunday) preceding 
the day agreed upon for such non-League or picked-nine game, 
then the latter shall be declared off so as to allow the League 
clubs to play the championship game on that day. 

2. All such games shall be played under such rules, with such 
ball and such umpire as may be mutually agreed upon by the 
League club and the non-League club. 

3. In the event of game stopped by rain before completion of 
third innings, the home club may issue rain checks good for ad- 
mission to the next succeeding game. The uncompleted game 
shall be considered a postponed game, and no money paid to the 
visiting club. 

4. The non-League club shall, unless otherwise agreed by let- 
ter, telegram or other writing, pay the League club immediately 
upon the termination of play, without reference to the number of 
innings played, the sum of one hundred dollars or one-half the 
gross receipts of such game, incase the gross receipts shall exceed 
two hundred dollars; and it is to be distinctly understood that the 
"gross receipts" include all revenue derived from the exhibition, 
whether taken at regular or carriage gates, or for admission to 
grounds, grand stands, or to other special privileges of the 
grounds; also that the visiting club shall have sole control of all 
gates, and of all entrances to grand stands, or other special 
ground privileges for which extra fees are charged. And the non- 
League club shall pay the League club fifty dollars in every case 
where a League club shall present its nine in the city or town of 
such non- League club, prepared to play at the time appointed for 
such game, and the game be prevented by rain, or by any cause 
other than the refusal by such League club to play such game. 
In the event of the refusal or failure of any non-League club to 
pay the sum or sums due, as stipulated, the League club shall at 
once telegraph such fact to the Secretary of the League, who 
shall forthwith notify all other League clubs by telegraph; and no 
League club shall thereafter play such defaulting club until the 




24 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 



full amount clue be paid the League club, which League club 
shall, in case of such payment, notify the Secretary, and he the 
other League clubs, by telegraph. 

5. In any case not covered by the first condition specified in 
this section, a League club having agreed to play a non League 
club upon the grounds of the latter, and failing to present its 
nine in the city or town of such non-League club, prepared to 
play at the time appointed for such game, the League club shall 
pay the non-League club the sum of fifty dollars, or such other 
sum as may have been mutually agreed upon, as the penalty of 
such default. 

Sec. 67. A club shall be entitled to forfeited games — to count 
in its series as games won by a score of nine runs to none — in 
cases where the umpire in any championship game shall award the 
game to such club on account of the violation by the contesting 
club of any section of this constitution or of any playing rule; and 
in the event of said forfeiture being caused by the withdrawal of 
the players during the progress of the game, or by a failure to 
report with its team at the time fixed for the game unless written 
notice has been received from the home club that the game cannot 
be played, then such forfeiting club shall incur a penalty of 
three hundred dollars, which shall be payable to the Secretary of 
the League within ten days thereafter, for the use and benefit of 
the non-offending club, but said fine may be remitted upon appeal 
to and a hearing by, the Board of Directors. 

Sec. 68. Drawn, tie and postponed games shall not count in 
the series as games (but any games of not less than five innings 
shall be included in the averages), but must be played off, if pos- 
sible, as provided in Section 59. If they cannot be played off as 
therein provided, they may subsequently be played off, if sufficient 
time exists before the close of the season. 

Sec. 6y. The club which shall have won the greatest percent- 
age of games in the championship series shall be declared the 
champion club of the United States for the season in which such 
games were played. In the event that two or more clubs shall 
have won the same percentage of games, then the Board shall at 
once arrange a special series of three games between any two of 
such clubs, such games to be played in the month of October, and 
the games so played shall be included in the championship record, 
and counted in determining the award of the championship. In 
such case only the provi-ions of this Constitution prohibiting 
the playing or recording as Championship games, games played 
after the expiration of the championship season, shall have no 
effect. 

The emblem of the championship shall be a pennant (of the 
national colors) to cost not less than one hundred dollars (§100.) 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 



25 



It shall be inscribed with the motto, " Champion Base Ball 
Club of the United States," with the name of the club and the 
year in which the title was won, and the champion club shall 
be entitled to fly the pennant until the close of the ensuing year_ 
Sec. 70. The championship shall be decided in the following 
manner: 

Within twenty-four hours after every match game played for the 
championship, the home club shall prepare and forward to the 
Secretary of the League a statement containing the full score of 
the game according to the system specified in the "Playing Rules," 
the date, place where played, and names of the clubs and umpire: 
Provided, That no tie or drawn game shall be considered "a 
game" for any purpose except the averages; and provided further, 
that in any case where the Secretary shall not receive the score of 
a championship game within five days after the playing of such 
game, the club whose duty it is to forward such score shall pay to 
the League the sum of ten dollars as the penalty of such default. 
At the close of the season the Secretary shall prepare a tabular 
statement of the games won and lost by each club, according to 
the statements so sent him (which statements shall be the sole 
evidence in the matter), and submit the same, with the statements 
so sent him, to the Board, who shall make the award in writing, 
and report the same to the League at its annual meeting. In 
making the award the Board shall consider. 

1. The tabular statement of the Secretary. 

2. Forfeited games. 

3. Games participated in by clubs which have withdrawn, dis- 
banded, or forfeited their membership without completing their 
championship series with all other League clubs; such games shall 
be counted to the following extent: The Board shall ascertain the 
least number of championship games played by such club with 
any club remaining in the League, and shall, from the first game 
participated in during the championship season by such retired 
club, count in the series of each League club, a similar number 
of games and all other games participated in by such retired 
club shall not be counted in the championship scries. Provided., 
That if such retired club shall have failed to play at least one 
championship game with every League club, all games participated 
in by it shall be thrown out entirely. 

ANNUAL MEETING. 

Sec. 71. The annual meeting of the League shall be held on 
the first Wednesday after the second Tuesday in November of 
each year, at twelve o'clock noon, and at such places as shall have 
been determined by a vote at the previous annual meeting. 

Sec. 72. At such meeting each club shall be represented, 



20 



LEAGUE CONSTITUTION. 



and shall be entitled to two representatives, and to have, in addi- 
tion thereto, any of its officers or ex-officers present at such meet- 
ing; but no club shall be. permitted to send as a representative any 
person under contract or engagement as a ball player or manager, 
and belonging to the nine of such club in said capacity; they 
shall present a certificate from the President or Secretary of their 
club, showing their authority to act; but no club shall have more 
than one vcte. 

Sec 73 Special meetings may be called by the President of 
the League on his own option, or on the written call of four clubs 

Sec. 74. A representation of a majority of clubs shall consti- 
tute a quorum for the transaction of business, but a less number 
may adjourn from time to time until a quorum is obtained. 

Sec. 75. The following shall be the order of business: 

1. Reading minutes of last meeting. 

2. Report of Board of Directors. 

3. Reports of special committees. 

4. Election of new members. 

5. Amendment of Constitution. 

6. Amendment of Playing Rules. 

7. Election of officers. 

£>. Miscellaneous business. 
Adjournment. 

AMENDMENTS. 

Sec. 76. (1) The Constitution of this League may be altered 
or amended by a two-thirds vote of the League at any annual 
meeting, or by a unanimous vote at any other time. 

(2) Any Section of this Constitution may be suspended or its 
provisions made non-applicable by unanimous vote at a League 
meeting. 



THE NATIONAL AGREEMENT OF PROFES- 
SIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS. 



This Agreement, made between the Association known and des- 
ignated as the National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs of 
the one part, and the Association known and designated as the 
American Association of Base Ball Clubs, of the other part, wit- 
nesseth, that : 

I. This document shall be entitled The National Agreement, 
and shall supersede and be a substitute for all other agreements, 
similarly or otherwise designated, heretofore existing between the 
parties hereto : 

II. n. No contract shall be made for the services of any player 
by any club member of either party hereto for a longer period than 
seven months, beginning April ist, and terminating October 31st, 
and no such contract for services to be rendered after the expira- 
tion of the current year, shall be made prior to the 20th day of 
October of such year, nor shall any player, without the consent of 
the club with which he is under contract, enter into any negotiation 
or contract with any other club, club agent, or individual for 
services to be rendered in an ensuing year prior to the said 20th 
day of October. Upon written proofs of a violation of this section 
the Board of Arbitration shall disqualify such player for and dur- 
ing said ensuing year, and shall inflict a fine of five hundred dol- 
lars, payable forthwith into the treasury of the Board, upon the 
club in whose interest such negotiation or contract was entered 
into. 

/>. Every regular contract shall be registered and approved by 
the Secretary of the Association of which the contracting 
club is a member, who shall forthwith notify the Secretary of the 
other Association party hereto, and the other club members of his 
association. 

III. When a player under contract with or reservation by, any 
club member of either association party hereto is expelled, black- 
listed, suspended, or rendered ineligible in accordance with its rules, 
notice of such disqualification shall be served upon the Secretary 

0.7 



-O THE NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 

of the Board of Arbitration by the Secretary of the Association 
from whose club such player shall have been thus disqualified, and 
the Secretary of the Board shall forthwith serve notice of such dis- 
qualification upon the Secretary of the other Association party 
hereto. When a player becomes ineligible under the provisions of 
this Agreement, the Secretary of the Board of Arbitration shall 
notify the Secretaries of the Associations parties hereto of such 
disqualification, and from the receipt of such notice, all club 
members of the parties hereto shall be debarred from employing 
or playing with, or against, such disqualified player, until the 
period of disqualification shall have terminated, or the disqualifi- 
cation be revoked by the Association from which such player was 
disqualified, or by the Board of Arbitration, and due notice of 
such revocation served upon the Secretary of the other Association 
and by him upon his respective clubs. 

IV. On the tenth day of October in each year the Secretary of 
each Association shall transmit to the Secretary of the other Asso 7 
ciation a reserve list of players, not exceeding fourteen in number, 
then under contract with each of its several Club members, and of 
such players reserved in any prior annual reserve list, who have 
refused to contract with said club members and of all other ineli- 
gible players, and such players together with all others thereafter 
to be regularly contracted with by such Club members, are and 
shall be ineligible to contract with any other Club member of 
either Association party hereto, except as hereinafter prescribed. 

V. Upon the release of a player from contract or reservation 
with any Club member of either Association party hereto, the 
services of such player shall at once be subject to the acceptance 
of the other Clubs of such Association, expressed in writing or by 
telegraph, to the' Secretary thereof for a period of ten days after 
notice of said release, and- thereafter if said service be not so ac- 
cepted, said player may negotiate and contract with any other 
Club- The Secretar.' of such Association shall send notice to the 
Secretary of the other Association of said player's release on the 
date thereof, and of said acceptance of his services at or before the 
expiration of the ten days aforesaid. I'rovided that the disband* 
mentof a Club, or its expulsion from membership in either Asso- 
ciation party hereto shall operate as a release of all its players from 
contract and reservation, but the services of such players shall at 
once be subject to the acceptance of the other Clubs of such Asso- 
ciation as hereinbefore provided. 

VI. Each club member of either Association 'party hereto, 
shall have exclusive control of its own territory, and no club shall 
be entitled to membership in either Association party hereto, from 
any ci'y, town or county in which a club member of cither Asso- 
ciation party hereto is already located. I'rovided, that nothing 



\^ 



THE NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 



29 



herein contained shall prohibit a club member of either Association 
party hereto, from resigning its membership in such Association 
during the month of November in any year, and being admitted 
to membership in the other Association, with all rights and priv- 
ileges cc.ittrred by this Agreement. 

VII. No game shall be played between any Club member of 
either Association party hereto, or any of its players under con- 
tract or reservation with any other club or "team," while present- 
ing on its nine any ineligible player. A violation of this section 
shall subject each offender to fine or expulsion in the discretion of 
the Board of Arbitration. 

VIII. Each Association party hereto shall have the right to 
make and enforce all rules and regulations pertaining to the control, 
discipline and compensation of all players under contract with and 
reservation by its Club members. Provided, such rules and reg- 
ulations shall in no way conflict with the provisions of this 
Agreement. 

IX. A lioard of Arbitration, consisting of three duly accred- 
u ^ 1 ' ' c P res entatives from each of the Associations parties hereto, 



shall 



convene annually, at a place mutually to be arranged and 



shall organize by the election of a Chairman, Secretary and such 
other officers and committees as to them shall seem meet and 
proper. They may make, and from time to time revoke, alter and 
repeal all necessary rules and regulations not inconsistent with this 
Agreement, for their meetings, procedure and the general trans- 
action of their business. Their membership on said Board shall 
De determinable at the pleasure of their respective appiinting As- 
sociations, upon duly certified notice thereof. A quorum shall con- 
sist ot at least two representatives frrni each Association, and all 
questions shall be voted on separately by the respective delega- 
tions, and no such changes or additions shall be made, unless con- 
curred in by a majority of the delegates of each Association. 

X. In addition to all matters that may be specially referred 
.o tiern t>y both of the Associations, parties hereto, the said Board 
shall have sole, exclusive and final jurisdiction of all disputes and 
complaints arising under, and all interpretations of this Agreement. 
1 hey shall also, in the interests of harmony and peace, arbitrate 
upon and decide all differences and disputes arising between the 
Associations parties hereto, and between a Club member of one and 
a Club member of the other Association party hereto. Provided, 
that nothing in this Agreement shall be construed as giving au- 
thority to said Board to alter, amend or modify any section or part of 
section of the Constitution of either Association party hereto. 

We hereby certify that the said Associations parties hereto have, 
by an unanimous vote of the Clubs of said Associations, adopted, 



30 



THE NATIONAL AGREEMENT 



ratified and approved this Agreement, and authorized us to sign 
the same for them and in their name, place and stead. 

THE NATIONAL LEAGUE OF PROFESSIONAL BASE 
ISALL CLUBS, composed of Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, In- 
dianapolis, New York, Philadelphia, Pittsburg and Washington. 

By N. E. YOUNG, 

President. 
Washington, D. C, February i, 1889. 

THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF BASE BALL 
CLUBS, composed of the Athletics, Baltimore, Brooklyn, Cin- 
cinnati, Columbus, Kansas City, Louisville and St. Louis. 
By WHEELER C. WIKOFF 

Preridet t. 
Columbus, O., February 4, 1889. 



W - 




ARTICLES OF QUALIFIED ADMISSION 

TO TIIF. NATIONAL AGREEMENT OF PROFESSIONAL BASE 
BALL CLUBS. 



The parties of the first part being the parties to the National 
Agreement of Professional Baseball Clubs (viz , the National 
League of professional Base Bali Clubs, and the American Asso- 
ciation of Base Ball Clubs), and the parties of the second part being 
such eligible professional or semi-professional Associations, each 
with a mem-bership of at least four base ball clubs, as shall be 
admitted to qualified membership under these articles by the Board 
of Arbitration, and shall duly authorize their presidents to sign this 
Agreement, and whose presidents do sign this Agreement in pur- 
suance to said authority, do hereby agree each with the other, in 
consideration of the mutual advantages and protection to be 
derived therefrom, as follows: 

I. Each Association constituting one of the parties of the 
second part, shall file with the Secretary of the Board of Arbitra- 
tion its application for qualified admission under these articles, 
and accompany the same with a list of its Club members and 
the location of their respective business offices and playing grounds, 
which club membership, or the location of said business offices or 
playing grounds cannot thereafter be changed without the consent 
of the Board of Arbitration. Provided, however, any Association 
whose membership shall at any time be reduced to less than four 
clubs actually engaged in a schedule of championship games, 
shall forfeit all rights and privileges under these articles. 

II. On or after the twentieth day of October-of each year the 
Secretary of each x\ssociation which is a party of the second part 
shall forward to the Secretary of each Association party of the 
first part, the name of any and all players then under contract 
who have signed such contracts on or after the twentieth day of 
October, with any of the clubs, members of the said Associations, 
parties of the second part, and from and after the receipt of such 

31 



29 



ARTICLES OF QUALIFIED ADMISSION. 



notice, and of notice of all subsequent contracts from said Secre- 
taries, any and all players so reported as being under contract 
with any of the clubs, members of the Association, parties of the 
second part, shall, unless released, be ineligible to contract 
with any other club member ot the parties of the first or second 
part until the twentieth day of October then next ensuing, and 
not then if reserved under the provisions of Article XII. 

III. Any player who has entered into a contract with any 
Club member of any Association party of the second part, may be 
Suspended without pay by such Club or Association for breach of 
contract or breach of any of the rules of such Association, and he 
shall thereafter be ineligible to sign or play during the remainder 
of the current season with any of the clubs of the Associations, 
parties to or under the protection of the National Agreement, un- 
less such disability shall have been sooner removed by the Club 
or Association by which he was suspended. 

IV. Any player under contract or reservation, or who shall be 
expelled, blacklisted, suspended, or rendered ineligible by either 
of the parties of the first part or of the Board of Arbitration, 
shall be ineligible to contract or play with any of the clubs, mem- 
bers of the Associations parties of the second part herein, and any 
Club who shall knowingly play anysuch player either in their club 
or shall play against any other club who has such a player in their 
nine, shall be dismissed from membership by the Association of 
which it is a member, or said Association shall forfeit all rights un- 
der this Agreement. 

V. Shauld any Club, member of an Association party of the 
second part agree in writing or by telegraph with any Club mem- 
ber of an Association party of the first or second part for the re- 
lease of any player then under contract or reservation, either part/ 
may file said agreement with the Secretary of the Board of Arbi- 
tration, and should any such Club member refuse to comply with 
its said Agreement, after opportunity has been afforded for a hear- 
ing before the Board of Arbitration, and such Agreement proven, 
then the Association of which the releasing Club is a member shall 
expel such Club from membership, or said Association shall for- 
feit all rights under this Agreement. 

VI. Before any Club, member of any Association, a party of 
the second part, shall contract with a player for an ensuing season, 
such Association shall enact laws or regulations debarring such 
Club from entering into a contract with such player while under 
arrears of salary to him, and from suspending or otherwise at- 
tempting to disqualify such player for refusing to contract with it. 
Each Association party of the second part, shall also enact laws 
providing for the expulsion of any club member for refusal to 
pay arrears of salary to a player when thereto required by the 



ARTICLES OF QUALIFIED ADMISSION'. 



33 



Board of Directors or said Association, or upon appeal by the 
Board of Arbitration of said Association, upon failure to enact 
and enforce such laws, shall forfeit all rights under this Agreement. 

VII. Qualified membership of any of the parties of the sec- 
ond part shall be forfeited for failing to expel any of its Club mem- 
bers that may play a game of ball except under the joint playing 
rules adopted by the parties of the first part. 

VIII. The exclusive territorial rights of the Club members of 
the parties of the first part to their respective cities, towns and 
counties, and to within four miles of the boundaries thereof, shall 
not be invaded by any Club members of the Association party of 
the second part. Qualified membership of such an Association 
shall be forfeited for failing to expel any of its Club members 
that may play a game of ball within said territory without the con- 
sent of the club or clubs controlling it. Provided, that this pro- 
hibition shall not apply to the plaving of a game of ball by a Club 
member of an Association party of the second part in the city or 

own wherem it is located, by authority of the Board of Arbi- 
tration. ' 

IX. It is understood and agreed by and between the parties 
Mi' f th 1 ^. an >' controvers y between the Associations, or between 
Clubs ot different Associations parties to this Agreement, as to any 
matter or matters mentioned in these Articles "or in the National 
Agreement, shall be determined by the Board of Arbitration with- 
out regard to any law or regulation of any party hereto that may 
be in conflict therewith. 

X. It is expressly stipulated that in any case coming before the 
Board of Arbitration involving the forfeiture of any rights or priv- 
ileges of any Association party of the second part, or any Club 
member thereof, the Secretary of the said Board shall notify such 
Association in writing, and on demand of said party of the sec- 
ond part said Board shall grant it a hearing on the trial of the case, 
and no adverse verdict shall be rendered by said Board against 
such Association party of the second part, nor against any Club 
member thereof, unless such notice be furnished, and such hear- 
ing, if thereupon demanded, granted. 

fnri.1" c EaCh Ass ? ci , ation . a party of the second part, shall pay 
to the Secretary of the Board of Arbitration: 

H,!'J r ,r. Sanm 'f' dues the sum of *5o, on or before the first 
day of April m each year. 

V il£ ™ N : i, -T- Also if the right of reservation is claimed under Ar- 
icle XII, the sum of One Thousaad dollars, if said Association 
be composed of four Clubs; Fifteen Hundred dollars if composed 
of SIX Clubs or 1 wo Thousand dollars if composed of not more 
than eight Clubs payable on or before the first day of f *ny in each 
year. ' ' 




34 



ARTICLES OF QUALIFIED ADMISSION. 



XII. The right of reservation may be claimed by any Asso- 
ciation party of the second part by written notice to the Secretary 
of the Board of Arbitration on or before, and not later than the 
first day of April in each year, and said right of reservation will 
be granted under the following conditions: 

First. — The payment of the sum prescribed in Section i of 
Article XI, on a date not later than therein designated. 

Second — That the Secretary of each Association party of the 
second part shall, on or before the loth day of October of each 
year, transmit to the Secretaries of both the Associations pai ties 
of the first part a reserved list of players, not exceeding fourteen 
in number, under contract at the end of its championship season, 
with each of several Club members of the Associations of which 
he is Secretary, and such players thereafter during the ensuing 
season, unless du'jr released, be ineligible to contract with any 
Club member of any Association party hereto, other than their 
respective reserving Clubs. 

Third. A player so reserved will be released from reserva- 
ion by the Board of Arbitration. 

a. When the compensation prescribed in his contract to the 
full V'.rm thereof, irrespective of the termination of a champion' 
ship season, is in arrears and unpaid on the first day of No- 
vember next, after such termination of a championship season. 

A AVhen the reserving Club has failed to tender him a; or be- 
fore the commencement of a championship season a regular con- 
tract with a saiary of of at least one hundt'.d dollars per month. 

c. When the Club reserving him has transferred its member- 
ship after the close of a championship season to an Association 
party of the second part, other than that of which it ws pre- 
viously a member. 

Fourth. That each Association entitled to the right of res- 
ervation under this Article may be represented at and partic- 
ipate in any discussion before the Board of Arbitration affect- 
ing its privileges thereunder. 

XIII. All contracts or agreements heretofore made between 
the parties thereto, are hereby declared null and void. 



INDEX TO RULES AND REGULATIONS. 

RULE, 

The Ground T 

The Infield 2 

The Bases 3 

Number of ( *) 3 

The Home Bases ( 2 ) 3 

First, Second and Third (3) 3 

Position (4) 3 

Foul Lines ■ 4 

Pitcher's Lines S 

Catcher's Lines 6 

Captain's Lines 7 

Flayer's Lines 

Batman's Lines 9 

Three Feet Lines 10 

Lines must be Marked . . II 

The Ball 12 

Weight and Size (1) '2 

Number Balls Furnished (2) 12 

Furnished by Home Club (3) 12 

Replaced if Injured (4) 12 

The Bat 13 

Material of (1) 13 

Shapeof (2) 13 

THE PLAYERS AND THEIR POSITIONS. 

Number of Players in Game 14 

Players' Positions ..... 15 

Players not to Sit with Spectators 16 

Club Uniforms 17 

The Pitcher's Position 1 S 

The Batsman's Position 19 

Order of Batting 20 

Where Players Must Remain (1) 20 

Space Reserved for Umpire (2) 20 

Space Allotted Players "at Bat" .(3) 20 

The Players' Benches 21 

THE GAME. 

Time of Championship Game (1) 22' 

Number of Innings (2) 22 

Termination of tiame (a) 22 

The Winning Run (b) 22 

A Tie Game 23 

A Drawn Game 24 

A Called Game 25 

A Forfeited Game , 26 

Failure of the Nine to Appear (1) 26 

35 



3G 



INDEX TO PLAYING RULES. 



RULE. 

Refusal of One Side to Play (2) 26 

Failure to Resume Playing (3) 26 

Willful Violation (4) 26 

Disobeying Order to Remove Player (5) 26 

Written Notice to President (6) 26 

No Game 27 

Substitutes 28 

One or More Substitute Players (1) 28 

Extra Player. (2) 28 

Base Runner. ,, (3) 28 

Choice of Innings 29 

A Fair Ball 30 

An Unfair Ball 31 

A Balk 32 

Motion to Deceive (1) 32 

Delay by Holding .(2) 32 

Pitcher Outside of Fines (3) 32 

A Dead Ball . . 33 

A Foul Strike 34 

Block Balls 35 

Stopped by Person Not in Game (1) 35 

Ball Returned (2) 35 

Base Runner Must Stop.' (3) 35 

The Scoring of Runs 36 

A Fair Hit 37 

A Foul Hit 38 

Batted Ball Outside Grounds 39 

A Fair Batted Ball 40 

Strikes 41 

Ball Struck at by Batsman (1) 41 

A Fair Ball Delivered by Pitcher (2) 41 

Attempt to Make Foul Hit (3) 41 

A Foul Strike 42 

The Batsman is Out. . 43 

Failure to Take Position at Bat in Order (1) 43 

Failure to Take Position Within One Minute after 

Being Called (2) 43 

If He Makes a Foul Hit (3) 43 

If He Makes a Foul Strike (4) 43 

Attempt to I Iinder Catcher (5) 43 

Three Strikes Called by Umpire (6) 43 

If Ball Hits Him while Making Third Strike (7) 43 

Attempted Foul Hit after Two Strikes (8) 43 

The Batsman Becomes a Base Runner 44 

After a Fair Hit (1) 44 

After Four Balls are Called (2) 44 

After Three Strikes are Declared (3) 44 



INDEX TO PLAYING RULES. 



If Hit by Ball While at Bat (4) 44 

After Illegal Delivery of Ball (5) 44 

Bases to be Touched 45 

Entitled to Base 4 6 

If Umpire Call Four Balls (0 46 

If Umpire Award Succeeding Batsman Base (2) 46 

If Umpire Calls Balk (3) 46 

If Pitcher's Ball Basses Catcher ( 4 ) 4° 

Ball Strikes Umpire (5) 40 

Prevented from Making Base (°) 4* 

Fielder Stops Ball (") 4* 

Returning to Bases 41 

If Foul Tip (I) 41 

If Foul Strke (2) 45 

If Dead Ball (3) 47 

Ball Thrown to Intercept Base Runner (4) 47 

Base Runner Out 4$ 

Attempt to Hinder Catcher from Fielding Ball (1) 48 

If Fielder Hold Fair Hit Ball (2) 48 

Third Strike Ball Held by Fielder (3) 4? 

Touched with Ball after Three Strikes (4) 4 8 

Touching First Base (5) 48 

Running from Home Base to First Base (6) 48 

Running from First to Second Base (7) 48 

Failure to Avoid Fielder (8) 48 

, Touched by Ball While in Play (9) 48 

Fair or Foul Hit Caught by Fielder (10) 48 

Batsman Becomes a Base Runner (n) 48 

Touched by Hit Ball before Touching Fielder. . . .(12) 48 

Running to Base (13) 48 

Umpire Calls Play (14) 48 

When Batsman or Base Runner is Out 49 

Coaching Rules 50 

THE UMPIRE. 

Umpire's Power 51, 52 

When Master of the Field --(i) 52 

Must Compel Observance of Playing Rules (2) 52 

Special Duties 53 

Is Sole Judge of Play (1) 53 

Shall see Rules Observed Before Commencing Game(2) 53 

Must Keep Contesting Nines Playing (3) 53 

Must Count and Call Balls (4) 53 

Attention of Umipre is Directed Against 54 

Laziness or Loa6ng (1) 54 

Seeking to Disconcert Fielder (2) 54 

Violation of Rules by Base Runner (3) 54 




INDEX TO PLAYING RULES. 




RULE, 

Umpire Must Call Play 55 

Umpire Allowed to Call Time 56 

Umpire is Empowered to Inflict Fines 57 

For Indecent Language (1) 57 

Wilful Failure of Captain to Remain within Bounds(2) 57 

Disobedience of a Player (3) 57 

Shall Notify Captain (4) 57 

Repetition of Offenses (5) 57 

FIELD RULES. 

No Club Shall Allow Open Petting 58 

Who Shall be Allowed in the Field 59 

Audience Shall Not be Addressed , b'l 

Every Club Shall Furnish Police Force 61 

GENERAL DEFINITIONS. 

Play 62 

Time 63 

Game 64 

An Inning 65 

A Time at Bat 66 

Legal 67 

Scoring 68 

Batting (1) 68 

Runs Made (2) 6S 

Base Hits (3) 68 

Sacrifice Flits (4) 68 

Fielding (5) 63 

Assists (6) 6S 

Error (7) 68 

Stolen Bases (8) 68 

Runs Earned. (9) 68 

The Summary 69 

Number of Earned Runs (1) 69 

Number of Two Base Hits (2) 69 

Number of Three Base Hits 13) 69 

Number of Home Runs (4) 69 

Number of Stolen Bases (5) 69 

Number of Double and Triple Plays (6) 69 

Bases on Called Balls (7) 69 

Bases from Being Hit (8) 69 

Men Struck Out (9) 69 

Passed Balls (ic) 69 

Wild Pitches (n) 69 

Time of Game (12) 69 

Name of Umpire (13) 69 

Amendments 70 



NATIONAL PLAYING RULES 

— OF— 

Professional Base Ball Clubs 

AS ADOPTED JOINTLY BY THE NATIONAL LEAGUE AND 
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION, AND GOVERNING ALL CLUBS 
PARTIES TO THE NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 
1889. 



THE BALL GROUND. 

Rule i. The Ground mast be an enclosed field, sufficient in 
size to enable each player to play in his position as required by 
these Rules. 

Rule 2. The Infield must be a space of ground thirty yards 
square. 

THE BASES. 

Rule 3. The Bases must be 

Sec. 1. Four in number, and designated as First Base, Second 
Base, Third Base and Home Base. 

Sec. 2. The Home Base must b2 of whitened rubber twelve 
inches square, so fixed in the ground as to be even with the sur- 
face, and so placed in the corner of the infield that two of its sides 
will form part of the boundaries of said infield. 

Sec. 3. The First, Second and Third liases must be canvas 
bags, fifteen inches square, painted white, and filUd with some soft 
material, and so placed that the center of the second base shall be 
upon its corner of the infield, and the center of the first and 
third bases shall be on the lines running to and from second base 
and seven and one-half inches from the foul lines, providing that 
each base shall be entirely within the foul lines. 
_ Sec. 4. All the bases must be securely fastened in their posi- 
tions, and so placed as to be distinctly seen by the Umpire. 

THE FOUL LINES. 

Rule 4. The Foul Lines must be drawn in straight lines 
from the outer corner of the Home Base, along the outer edge of 
the First and Third Bases, to the boundaries of the Ground. 

3'J 



40 



PLAYING RULES. 



THE POSITION LINES. 

Rule 5. The Pitcher's Lines must be straight lines form- 
ing the boundaries of a space of ground, in the infield, five 
and one-half feet long by four feet wide, distant fifty feet from 
the center of the Home Base, and so placed that the five and 
one half feet lines would each be two feet distant from and par- 
allel with a straight line passing through the center of the Home 
and Second Bases. Each corner of this space must be marked 
by a flat iron plate or stone six inches square, fixed in the ground 
even with the surface. 

Rule 6. The Catcher's Lines must be drawn from the outer 
corner of the Home Base, in continuation of the Foul Lines, 
straight to the limits of the Ground back of Home Base. 

Rule 7. The Captain's or Coacher's Lines must be a line 
fifteen feet from and parallel with the Foul Lines, said lines com- 
mencing at a line parallel with and seventy-five feet distant from 
the catcher's lines, and running thence to the limits of the 
grounds 

Rule 8. The Players' Lines must be drawn from the Catcher's 
Lines to the limits of the Ground, fifty feet distant from and 
parallel with, the foul lines. 

Rule 9. The Batsman's Lines must be straight lines forming 
the boundaries of a space on the right, and of a similar space on 
the left of the Home Base, six feet long by four feet wide, extend- 
ing three feet in front of and three feet behind the center of the 
Home Base, and with its nearest line distant six inches from the 
Home Base. 

Rule 10. The Three Feet Lines must be drawn as follows : 
From a point on the Foul Line from Home Base to First Base, 
and equally distant from such bases, shall be drawn a line on Foul 
Ground, at a right angle to said Foul Line, and to a point three 
feet distant from it ; thence running parallel with said Foul Line, 
to a point three feet distant from the First Base ; thence in a 
straight line to the Foul Line, and thence upon the Foul Line to 
point of beginning. 

Rule 1 1. The lines designated in Rules 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. 9, and 10 
must be marked with chalk or other suitable material, so as to be 
distinctly seen by the Umpire. They must all be so marked their 
entire length, except the Captain's and Player's Lines, which must 
be so marked for a distance of at least thirty-five yards from the 
Catcher's Lines. 



THE BALL. 

Rule 12. The Ball. 

Sec. 1. Must not weigh less than five or more than five 
and one-quarter ounces avoirdupois, and measure not less than 



PLAYING RULES. 



41 



nine nor more than nine and one-quarter inches in circumference. 
The Spalding League Ball, or the Reach American Association 
Ball must be used in all games played under these rules. 

Sec. 2. For each championship game two balls shall be fur- 
nished by the Home Club to the Umpire for use. When the ball 
in play is batted over the fence or stands, on to foul ground out of 
sight of the players, the other ball shall be immediately put into 
play by the Umpire. As often as one of the two in use shall be 
lost, a new one must be substituted, so that the Umpire may at all 
times, after the game begins, have two for use. The moment the 
Umpire delivers the alternate ball to the catcher or pitcher it comes 
into play, and shall not be exchanged until it, in turn, passes out 
of sight on to foul ground. 

Sec. 3. In all games the ball or balls played with shall 
be furnished by the Home Club, and the last ball in play becomes 
the property of the winning club. Each ball to be used in cham- 
pionship games shall be examined, measured and weighed by the 
Secretary of the Association, inclosed in a paper box and sealed 
w 'th the seal of the Secretary, which seal shall not be broken ex- 
cept by the Umpire in the presence of the captains of the two 
contesting nines after play has been called. 

Sec. 4. Should the ball become out of shape, or cut or ripped 
so as to expose the yarn, or in any way so injured as to be — in the 
opinion of the Umpire — unlit for fair use, the Umpire, on being 
Appealed to by either captain, shall at once put the alternate ball 
into play and call for a new one. 

THE BAT. 

Rule 13. The Bat. 

Sec. 1. Must be made wholly of wood, except that the handle 
may be wound with twine or a granulated substance applied, not 
to exceed eighteen inches from the end. 

Sec. 2. It must be round, except that a portion of the surface 
pay be flat on one side, but it must not exceed two and one-half 
inches in diameter in the thickest part, and must not exceed forty- 
two inches in length. 



the players and their positions. 

Rule 14. The players of each club in a game shall be nine 
in number, one of whom shall act as Captain, and in no case shall 
less than nine men be allowed to play on e;ich side. 
. Rule 15. The players' positions shall be such as may be as- 
signed them by their Captain, except that the Pitcher must take 
\vl p0! ; ition ."''thin the Pitcher's Lines, as defined in Rule 5. 
.Vil? n in position on the field, all players will be designated 
* ielders " in these rules. 



42 



PLAYING RULES. 



Rule 16. Players in uniform shall not be permitted to seat 
themselves among the spectators. 

Rule 17. Every Club shall be required to adopt uniforms for 
its players, and each player shall be required to present himself 
upon the field dining said game in a neat and cleanly condition, 
but no player shall attach anything to the sole or heel of his shoes 
other than the ordinary base ball shoe plate. 

THE PITCHER'S POSITION. 

Rule iS. The pitcher shall take his position facing the bats- 
man with both feet square on the ground, one foot on the rear 
line of the " box." lie shall not raise either foot, unless in the 
act of delivering the ball, nor make more than one step in such 
delivery. He shall hold the ball, before the delivery, fairly in 
front of his body, and in sight of the Umpire. When the pitcher 
feigns to throw the ball to a base he must resume the above posi- 
tion and pause momentarily before delivering the ball to the bat. 




THE BATSMKN S POSITION — ORDER OF HATTING. 

Rule 19. The batsmen must take their positions within the 
Batsmen's Lines, as defined in Rule 9, -in the order in which they 
are named on the score, which must contain the batting order of 
both nines, and be submitted by the Captains of the opposing 
teams to the Umpire before the game, and when approved by 
him Tins score must be followed except in the case of a substi- 
tute player, in which case the substitute must take the place of 
the original player in the baiting order. After the first inning 
the first striker in each inning shall be the batsman whose name 
follows that of the last man who has completed his turn — time at 
bat — in the preceding inning. 

Rule 20. Sec. i. When their side goes to the bat the players 
must immediately return to and seat themselves upon the players' 
bench and remain thereuntil the side is put out, except when bats- 
man or base runner. All bats not in use must be kept in the bat 
racks, and the two players next succeeding the batsman, in the order 
in which they are named on the score, must be ready with bat in 
hand to promptly take position as batsman ; provided, that the 
Captain and one assistant only may occupy the space between the 
players' lines and the Captain's lines to coach base runners. 

Sec. 2. No player of the side at bat, except when Batsman, 
shall occupy any portion of the space within the Catcher's Lines, 
as defined in Rule 6. The triangular space behind the Home 
Base is reserved for the exclusive use of the Umpire, Catcher and 
Batsman, and the Umpire must prohibit any player of the side "at 
bat " from crossing the same at any time while the ball is in the 



PLAYING RULES. 



43 



hands of, or passing between, the Pitcher and Catcher, while 
standing in their positions. 

Sec. 3. The players of the side "at bat" must occupy the 
portion of the field allotted them, but must speedily vacate any 
portion thereof that may be in the way of the ball, or of any 
Fielder attempting to catch or field it. 

players' benches. 
Rule 21. The Players* Benches must be furnished by the 
home club, and placed upon a portion of the ground outside the 
Players' Lines. They must be twelve feet in length, and must be 
immovably fastened to the grc.und. At the end of each bench 
must be immovably fixed a bat rack, with fixtures for holding 
twenty bats : one such rack must be designated for the exclusive 
use of the Visiting Club, and the othtr for the exclusive use of 
the Home Club. 

THE GAME. 

Rule 22 Sec. i. Every Championship Game must be com- 
menced not later than two hours before sunset. 

Sec. 2. A Game shall consist of nine innings to each con- 
testing nine, except that, 

(a) If the side first at bat scores less runs in nine innings than 
the other side has scored in eight innings, the game shall then 
terminate. 

,(b) If the side last at bat in the ninth inning scores the win- 
nin g run before the third man is out, the game shall terminate, 
upon the return of the ball to the pitcher. 

A TIE GAME. 

Rule 23. If the score be a tie at the end of nine innings to 
each side, play shall only be continued until the side first at bat 
shall have scored one or more runs than the other side, in an 
equal number of innings, or until the other side shall score one 
or more runs than the side first at bat. 

A DRAWN GAME. 

Rule 24. A Drawn Game shall be declared by the Umpire 
when he terminates a game on account of darkness or rain, after 
five equal innings have been played, if the score at the time is 
equal on the last even innings played ; but if the side that went 
second to bat is then at the bat, and has scored the same number 
of runs as the other side, the Umpire shall declare the game 
drawn, without regard to the score of the last equal innings. 

A CALLED GAME. 

Rule 25. If the Umpire calls "Game" on account of dark- 
ness or rain at any time after five innings have been completed 



44 



PLAYING RULES. 




by both sides, the score shall be that of the last equal innings 
played, unless the side second at bat shall have scored one or 
more runs than the side first at bat, in which case the score of the 
game shall be the total number of runs made. 

A FORFEITED GAME. 

Rule 26. A Forfeited Game shall be declared by the Umpire 
in favor of the club not in fault, at the request of such club, in 
the following cases : 

Sec. 1. If the nine of a club fail to appear upon the field, or 
being upon the field, fail to begin the game within five minutes 
after the Umpire has called " Play," at the hour appointed for 
the beginning of the game, unless such delay in appearing or in 
commencing the game be unavoidable. 

Sec. 2. If, after the game has begun, one side refuses or fails to 
continue playing, unless such game has been suspended or termi- 
nated by the Umpire 

Sec. 3. If, after play has been suspended by the Umpire, one 
side fails to resume playing within five minutes after the Umpire 
has called " Play. " 

Sec. 4 If, in the opinion of the Umpire, any one of these rules 
is willfully violated. 

Sec. 5. If, after ordering the removal of a player, as authorized 
by Rule 57, Sec. 5, said order is not obeyed within five minutes. 

Sec. 6. In case the Umpire declares a game forfeited, he shall 
transmit a written notice thereof to the President of the Associa- 
tion within twenty four hours thereafter. 

NO GAME. 

Rule 27. " No Game " shall be declared by tne Umpire if 
he shall terminate play on account of rain or darkness, before five 
innings on each side are completed. 

, SUBSTITUTF.S. 

Rule 28. Sec. i. In every championship game each team 
shall be required to have present on the field, in uniform, at least 
one or more substitute players. 

Sec. 2. One player, whose name shall be printed on the 
score card as an extra player, may be substituted at the end of 
any completed innings by either club, but the player retired shall 
not thereafter participate in the game. In addition thereto a sub- 
stitute may be allowed at any time in place of a player disabled 
in the game then being played, by reason of illness or injury, of 
the nature and extent of which the Umpire shall be the sole 
judge. 

Sec. 3. The Base Runner shall not have a substitute run for 
him, except by consent of the Captains of the contesting teams. 



PLAYING RULES. 



45 



CHOICE OF INNINGS — CONDITION OF GROUND. 

Rule 29. The choice of innings shall be given to the Captain 
of the Home Club, who shall also be the sole judge of the fit- 
ness of the ground for beginning a game after rain. 

THE DELIVERY OF THE BALL — FAIR AND UNFAIR BALLS. 

Rule 30. A Fair Ball is a ball delivered by the Pitcher while 
standing wholly within the lines of his position, and facing the 
batsman, the ball, so delivered to pass over the home base, not 
lower than the batsman's knee, nor higher than his shoulder. 

Rule 31. An Unfair Ball is a ball delivered by the Pitcher, 
as in Rule 30, except that the ball does not pass over the Home 
Base, or does pass over the Home Base above the batsman's 
shoulder, or below the knee. 



Rule 32. A Balk is 

Sec. 1. Any motion made by the Pitcher to deliver the ball 
to the bat without delivering it, and shall be held to include any 
and every accustomed motion with the hands, arms or feet, or po- 
sition of the body assumed by the Pitcher in his delivery of the 
ball, and any motion calculated to deceive a base runner, except 
the ball be accidentally dropped. 

Sec. 2. The holding of the ball by the Pitcher so long as to 
delay the game unnecessarily ; or 

Sec. 3. Any motion to deliver the ball, or the delivering the 
ball to the bat by the Pitcher when any part of his person is upon 
ground outside of the lines of his position, including all prelim- 
inary motions with the hands, arms and feet. 

DEAD balls. 

Rule 33. A Dead Ball is a ball delivered to the bat by the 
Pitcher that touches the Batsman's bat without being struck at, or 
any part of the Batsman's person or clothing while standing in 
his position without being struck at ; or any part of the Umpire's 
person or clothing, while on foul ground, without first passing the 
Catcher. 

Rule 34. In case of a Foul Strike, Foul Hit ball not legally 
caught out. Dead Ball, or Base Runner put out for being struck 
by a fair hit ball, the ball shall not be considered in play until it 
is held by the Pitcher standing in his position. 

BLOCK BALLS. 

Rule 35. Sec i. A Block is a batted or thrown ball that is 
stopped or handled by any person not engaged in the game. 



46 



PLAYING RULES. 




Sec. 2. Whenever a Block occurs the Umpire shall declare 
it, and Base Runners may run the bases, without being put out, 
until the ball has been returned to and held by the l'itcher 
standing in his position. 

Sec. 3. In the case of a Block, if the person not engaged 
in the game should retain possession of the ball, or throw or kick 
it beyond the reach of the Fielders, the Umpire should call 
" Time," and require each base runner to stop at the last base 
touched by him until the ball be returned to the Pitcher standing 
in his position. 

THE SCORING OF RUNS. 

Rule 36. One Run shall be scored every time a Base Runner, 
after having legally touched the first three bases, shall touch the 
Home Base before three men are put out. If the third man is 
forced out, or is put out before reaching First Base, a run shall not 
be scored. 

THE BATTING RULES. 

Rule 37. A Fair Hit is a ball batted by the batsman, standing 
in his position, that first touches the ground, the First Base, the 
Third Base, any part of the person of a player, Umpire, or any 
other object that is in front of or on either of the Foul Lines, or 
batted directly tc the ground by the Batsman, standing in his 
position, that (whether it first touches Foul or Fair Ground) 
bounds or rolls within the Foul Lines, between Home and First, 
or Home and Third Bases, without interference by a player. 

Rule 3S. A Foul Hit is a ball batted by the Batsman, stand- 
ing in his position, that first touches the ground, any part of the 
person of a player, or any other object that is behind either of the 
Foul Lines, or that strikes the person of such Batsman, while 
standing in his position, or batted directly to the ground by the 
Batsman, standing in his position, that (whether it first touches 
Fo.ul or Fair Ground) bounds or rolls outside the Foul Lines, 
between Home and First or Home and Third Bases, without 
interference by a player. Provided, that a Foul Hit not rising 
above the Batsman's head and caught by the Catcher playing 
within ten feet of the Home Base, shall be termed a Foul Tip. 

balls batted outside the grounds. 

Rule 39. When a batted ball passes outside the grounds, the 
Umpire shall decide it I'"air should it disappear within, or Foul 
should it disappear outside of the range of the Foul Lines, and 
Rules 37 and 38 are to be construed accordingly. 

Rule 40. A Fair batted ball that goes over the fence at a less 
distance than two hundred and ten feet from Home Base shall 



PLAYING RULES. 



47 



entitle the Batsman to two bases and a distinctive line shall be 
marked 0:1 the fence at this point. 

STRIKES." 

Rule 41. A Strike is 

Sec. i. A bail struck at by the Batsman without its touching 
his bat ; or 

Sec. 2. A Fair Ball, legally delivered by the Pitcher, but not 
struck at by the Batsman. 

Sec. 3. Any obvious attempt to make a foul hit. 

Rule 42. A Foul Strike is a ball batted by the Batsman when 
any part of his person is upon ground outside the lines of the 
Batsman's posiiion. 

the batsman is out. 

Rule 43. The Batsman is out : 

Sec. 1. If he fails to take his position at the bat in his order 
of batting, unless the error be discovered and the proper Batsman 
takes his position before a fair hit has been made, and in such 
case the balls and strikes called must be counted in the time at 
bat of the proper Batsman : Provided, this rule shall not take 
effect unless the out is declared before the ball is delivered to the 
succeeding Batsman. 

Sec. 2. If he fails to take his position within one minute 
after the Umpire has called for the Batsman. 

Sec. 3. If he makes a Foul Hit, other than a Foul Tip as 
defined in Rule 38 and the ball be momentarily held by a 
Fielder before touching the ground, provided it be not caught in 
a Fielder's hat or cap, or touch some object other than a Fielder 
before being caught. 

Si c. 4. If he makes a Foul Strike. 

Sec. 5. If he attempts to hinder the Catcher from fielding 
the ball, evidently without effort to make a fair hit. 

Sec. 6. If, while the First Base be occupied by a base run- 
ner, three strikes be called on him by the Umpire, except when 
two men are already out. 

Sec. 7, If, w hile making the third strike, the ball hits his 
person or clothing. 

Sec. 8. If, after two strikes have been called, the Batsman 
obviously attempts to make a foul hit, as in Section 3, Rule 41. 

BASE RUNNING RULES. 
when the batsman becomes a base runner. 

Rule 44. The Batsman becomes a Base Runner : 
Sec. 1. Instantly after he makes a Fair Hit. 




^g PLAYING RULES. 

Sec. 2. Instantly after four Balls have been called by the 
Umpire. 

Sec. 3. Instantly after three strikes have been declared 
by the Umpire. 

Sec. 4. If, while he be a Batsman, his person or clothing be 
hit by a ball from the pitcher, unless — in the opinion of the Um- 
pire — he intentionally permits himself to be so hit. 

Sec. 5. Instantly after an illegal delivery of a ball by the 
pitcher. 

BASES TO HE TOUCHED. 

Rule 45. The Base Runner must touch each Base in regu- 
lar order, viz.: First, Second, Third and Home Bases; and when 
obliged to return (except on a foul hit) must retouch the base or 
bases in reverse order. He shall only be considered as holding 
a base after touching it, and shall then be entitled to hold such 
base until he has legally touched the next base in order, or has 
been legally forced to vacate it for a succeeding Base Runner. 

ENTITLED TO BASES. 

Rule 46. The Base Runner shall be entitled, without being 
put out, to take one Base in the following cases : 

Sec i. If, while he was Batsman, the Umpire called four 
Balls. 

Sec 2. If the Umpire awards a succeeding Batsman a base 
on four balls, or for being hit with a pitched ball, or in case of an 
illegal delivery — as in Rule 44, Sec. 5 — and the Base Runner is 
thereby forced to vacate the base held by him. 

Sec 3. If the Umpire calls a "balk." 

Sec. 4. If a ball delivered by the Pitcher pass the Catcher 
and touch the Umpire or any fence or building within ninety feet 
of the Home Base. 

Sec 5. If upon a fair hit the Ball strikes the person or 
clothing of the Umpire on fair ground. 

Sec 6. If he be prevented from making a base by the ob- 
struction of an adversary. 

Sec 7. If the Fielder stop or catch a batted ball with his 
hat or any part of his dress. 

RETURNING TO BASES. 

Rule 47. The Base Runner shall return to his Base, and shall 
be entitled to so return without being put out. 

Sec t. If the Umpire declares a Foul Tip (as defined in 
Rule 38) or any other Koul Hit not legally caught by a Fielder. 

Sec 2. If the Umpire declares a Foul Strike. 

Sec 3. If the Umpire declares a Dead Ball, unless it be also 



PLAYING RU LES. 



49 



the fourth Unfair Ball, and he be thereby forced to take the next 
base, as provided in Rule 46, Sec. 2. 

Sec. 4. If the person or clothing of the Umpire is struck 
by a ball thrown by the Catcher to intercept a Base Runner. 



WHEN BASE RUNNERS ARE OUT. 

Rule 48. The Base Runner is out : 

Sec. 1. If, after three strikes have been declared against him 
while liatsman, and the Catcher fail to catch the third strike ball, 
he plainly attempts to hinder the Catcher from fielding the ball. 

Sec. 2. If, having made a Fair Hit while Batsman, such fail" 
hit ball be momentarily held by a Fielder, before touching the 
ground or any object other than a Fielder : Provided, it be not 
caught in a Fielder's hat or cap. 

Sec. 3. If, when the Umpire has declared three strikes on 
him, while batsman, the third strike ball be momentarily held by 
a Fielder before touching the ground. Provided, it be not caught 
in a Fielder's hat or cap, or touch some object other than a Fielder 
before being caught. 

Sec. 4. If, after Three Strikes or a Fair Hit, he be touched 
with the ball in the hand of a Fielder before such Base Runner 
touches First Base. 

Sec. 5. If, after Three Strikes or a Fair Hit, the ball be se- 
curely held by a Fielder, while touching First Base with any part 
of his person, before such Base Runner touches First Base. 

Sec. 6. If, in running the last half of the distance from Home 
Base to First Base, he runs outside the Three Feet Lines, as 
defined in Rule 10; except that he must do so if necessary to 
avoid a F'ielder attempting to field a batted ball, and in such case 
shall not be declared out. 

Sec. 7. If, in running from First to Second Base, from Sec- 
ond to Third Base, or from Third to Home Base, he runs more 
than three feet from a direct line between such bases to avoid 
being touched by the ball in the hands of a Fielder ; but in case a 
Fielder be occupying the Base Runner's proper path, attempting 
to field a batted ball, then the Base Runner shall run out of the 
path and behind said Fielder, and shall not be declared out for so 
doing. 

Sec. 8. If he fails to avoid a Fielder attempting to field a 
batted ball, in the manner prescribed in Sections 6 and 7 of this 
Rule ; or if he, in any way, obstructs a F'ielder attempting to field 
a batted ball, or intentionally interferes with a thrown ball : Pro- 
vided, That if two or more Fielders attempt to field a batted ball, 
and the Base Runner comes in contact with one or more of them, 
the Umpire shall determine which Fielder is entitled to the bene- 



50 



PLATING RULES. 



fit of this Rule, and shall not decide the Base Runner out for com- 
ing in contact with any other Fielder. 

Sec. g. If, at any time while the ball is in play, he be 
touched by the ball in the hands of a Fielder, unless some part of 
his person is touching a base he is entitled to occupy : Provided, 
The ball be held by the Fielder after touching him ; but (exception 
as to First Base), in running to First Base, he may overrun said base 
without being put out for being off said base, after first touching 
it, provided he returns at once and retouches the base, after which 
he may be put out as at any other base. If, in overrunning First 
Base, he also attempts to run to Second Base, or, after passing the 
baje he turns to his left from the foul line, he shall forfeit such 
exemption from being put out. 

Sec. io. If, when a Fair or Foul Hit ball, other than a foul 
tip as referred to in Rule 33, is legally caught by a Fielder, such 
ball is legally held by a Fielder on the base occupied by the Base 
Runner when such ball was stiuck (or the Base Runner be touched 
with the ball in the hands of a Fielder), before he retouches said 
base after such Fair or Foul Hit ball was so caught. Provided, 
That the Base Runner shall not be out in such case, if. after the 
ball was legally caught as above, it be delivered to the bat by the 
Pitcher before the Fielder holds it on said base, or touches the 
Base Runner with it ; but if the Base Runner in attempting to 
reach a base, detaches it before being touched or forced out he 
shall be declared safe. 

Sec. ii. If. when a Batsman becomes a Base Runner, the 
First Base, or the First and Second Bases, or the First, Second 
and Third Bases, be occupied, any Base Runner so occupying 
a base shall cease to be entitled to hold it, until any following Base 
Runner is put out and may be put out at the next base or by being 
touched by the ball in the hands of a Fielder in the same manner 
as in running to First Base, at any time before any following 
Base Runner is put out. 

Sec. 12. If a Fair' Hit ball strike him before touching the fielder 
and in such case no base shall be run unless forced by the Bats- 
man becoming a Base Runner, and no run shall be scored. 

Sec. 13. If when running to a base or forced to return to a 
base, he fail to touch the intervening base or bases, if any, in the 
order prescribed in Rule 45, he may be put out at the base he 
fails to touch, or by being touched by the ball in the hands of a 
Fielder, in the same manner as in running to First Base. 

Sec. 14. If, when the Umpire calls " Play," after any sus- 
pension of a game, he fails to return to and touch the base he 
occupied when " Time " was called before touching the next base. 



LAYING RULES. 



WHEN BATSMAN OR BASE RUNNER IS OUT. 



51 



Rule 49. The Umpire shall declare the Batsman or Base 
Runner out, without waiting for an appeal for such decision, im 
all cases where such player is put out in accordance with these- 
rules, except as provided in Rule 48, Sections 10 and 14. 

COACHING RULES. 

Rule 50. The Captains and Coachers are restricted in coach- 
ing to the Base Runner only, and are not allowed to address any 
remarks except to the Base Runner, and then only in words of 
necessary direction ; and no player shall use language which will 
in any manner refer to or reflect upon a player of the opposing 
club, or the audience, To enforce the above, the Captain of the 
opposite side may call the attention of the Umpire to the offence, 
and upon a repetition of the same the club shall be debarred from 
further coaching during the game. 



THE UMPIRE. 

Rule 51. The Umpire shall not be changed dining the pro- 
gress of a game, except for reasons of illness or injury. 

HIS POWERS AND JURISDICTION. 

Rule 52. Sec. i. The Umpire is master of the Field from 
the commencement to the termination of the game, and is entitled 
to the respect of the spectators, and any person offering any 
insult or indignity to him must be promptly ejected from the 
grounds. 

Sec. 2. He must compel the players to observe the provisions 
of all the Playing Rules, and he is hereby invested with authority 
to order any player to do or omit to do any act as he may deem 
necessary, to give force and effect to any and all of such provi- 
sions. 

SPECIAL DUTIES. 

Rule 53. The Umpire's duties shall be as follows : 
Sec i. The Umpire is the sole and absolute judge of play. 
no instance shall any person be allowed to question the cor- 
rectness of any decision made by him except the Captains of the 
contending nines, and no other player shall at such time leave 
«« position in the field, his place at' the bat, on the bases or play- 
ers bench, to approach or address the Umpire in word or act up- 
°ffl SUCh dis P uteLl decision. Neither shall any Manager or other 
othcers of either club— except the Captains as before mentioned 
be permitted to go upon the field or address the Umpire in 
regard to such disputed decision, under a penalty of a forfeiture 



In 



PLAYING KULES. 



of the game to the opposing club. The Umpire shall in no case 
appeal to any spectator for information in regard to any case, and 
shall not reverse his decision on any point of play on the testi- 
mony of any player or bystander. 

Sec. 2. Jiefore the commencement of a Game, the Um- 
pire shall see that the rules governing all the materials of the 
game are strictly observed. lie shall ask the Captain of the 
Home Club whether there are any special ground rules to be en- 
forced, and if there are, he shall see that they are duly enforced, 
provided they do not conflict with any of these Rules. lie shall 
also ascertain whether the fence in the rear of the Catcher's posi- 
tion is distant ninety feet from the Home Base. 

Sec. 3. The Umpire must keep the contesting nines playing 
constantly from the commencement of the game to its termination, 
allowing such delays only as are rendered unavoidable by accident, 
injury or rain. He must, until the completion cf the game, require 
the players of each side to promptly take their positions in the field 
as soon as the the third man is put out, and must require the 
first striker of the opposite side to be in his position at the bat 
as soon as the fielders are in their places. 

Sec. 4. The Umpire shall fount and call every " unfair 
ball'' delivered by the Pitcher, and every "dead ball," if 
also an unfair ball, as a " ball," and he shall also count and call 
every " strike." Neithera " ball " nor a " strike " shall be counted 
or called until the ball has passed the home base. He shall also 
declare every "Dead Ball," "Block," "Foul Hit," "Foul 
Strike," and "Balk." 

Rule 54. For the special benefit of the patrons of the game, 
and because the offences specified are under his immediate juris- 
diction, and not subject to appeal by players, the attention of the 
Umpire is particularly directed to possible violations of the purpose 
and spirit of the Rules of the following character : 

Sec. 1. Laziness or loafing of players in taking their places 
in the field, or those allotted them by the Rules when their side is 
at the bat, and especially any failure to keep the bats in the racks 
provided for them ; to be ready (two men) to take position as 
Batsmen, and to remain upon the Players' Bench, except when 
otherwise required by the Rules. 

Sec. 2. Any attempt by players of the side at bat, by calling 
to a Fielder, other than the one designated by his Captain, to field 
a ball, or by any other equally disreputable means seeking to dis- 
concert a Fielder. 

Sec. 3. The Rules make a marked distinction between hin- 
drance of an adversary in fielding a batted or thrown ball. This 
has been done to rid the game of the childish excuses and claims 
formerly made by a Fielder failing to hold a ball to put out a Base 



PLATING RULES. 



53 



Runner. But there may be cases of a Base Runner so flagrantly 
violating the spirit of the Rules and of the Game in obstructing a 
Fielder from fielding a thrown ball that it would become the duty 
of the Umpire, not only to declare the Base Runner " out'' (and 
to compel any succeeding Base Runners to hold their bases), but 
also to impose a heavy fine upon him. For example : If the Base 
Runner plainly strike at the ball while passing him, to prevent its 
being caught by a Fielder; if he holds a Fielder's arms so as to dis- 
able him from catching the ball, or if he run against or knock the 
Fielder down for the same purpose. 

CALLING "PLAY" AND '"TIME." 

Rule 55. The Umpire must call " Play," promptly at the 
hour designated by the Home Club, and on the call of "Play" the 
game must immediately begin. When he calls " Time," play shall 
be suspended unlil he calls " Play "again, and during the interim no 
player shall be put out, base be run, or run be scored. The Um- 
pire shall suspend play only for an accident to himself or a player 
(but in case of accident to a Fielder, " Time" shall not be called 
until the ball be returned to, and held by the Pitcher, standing in 
his position), or in case rain falls so heavily that the spectators are 
compelled, by the severity of the storm, to seek shelter, in which 
case he shall note the time of suspension, and should such rain con- 
tinue to fall thirty minutes thereafter, he shall terminatethegame; 
or to enforce order in case of annoyance from spectators. 

Rule 56. The Umpire is only allowed, by the Rules, to call 
" Time " in case of an accident to himself or a player, a " Block," 
as referred to in Rule 35, Sec. 3, or in case of rain, as defined by 
the Rules. The practice of players suspending the game to discuss 
or contest a discussion with the Umpire, is a gross violation of 
the Rules, and the Umpire must promptly fine any player who 
interrupts the game in this manner. 



INFLICTING FINES. 



Rule 57. The Umpire is empowered to inflict fines of not less 
than $5.00 nor more than $25.00 for the first offence on players 
during the progress of a game, as follows : 

Sec 1. For indecent or improper language addressed to the 
audience, the Umpire or any player. 

• S i? C ' 2 ' ^ or the Captain or Coacher willfully failing to remain 
within the legal bounds of his position, except upon an appeal by 
'he Captain from the Umpire's decision upon a misinterpretation 
of the rules. 

h C ' '" ^ or tlle disobedience by a player of any other of his 
orders, or for any other violation of these Rules. 



54 



PLAVIXG RULES. 






Sec. 4. In case the Umpire imposes a fine on a player, he 
shall at once notify the Captain of the offending player's side, and 
shall transmit a written notice thereof to the President of the 
Association or League within twe.ity-four hours thereafter, under 
the penalty of having said fine taken from his own salary. 

Sec. 5. A repetition of any of the above offences shall, at 
the discretion of the Umpire, subject the offender either to a repe- 
tition of the fine or to removal from tjie field and the immediate 
substitution of another player then in uniform. 

FIELD RULES. 

Rule 58. No Club shall allow open betting or pool selling 
upon its grounds, nor in any building owned or occupied by it. 

Rule 5g. No person shall be allowed upon any part of the 
field during the progress of the game, in addition to the players in 
uniform, the Manager on each side and the Umpire ; except such 
officers of the law as may be present in uniform, and such officials 
of the Home Club as may be necessary to preserve the peace. 

Rule 60. No Umpire, Manager, Captain or Player shall ad- 
dress the audience during the progress of a game, except in case 
of necessary explanation. 

Rule 61. Every Club shall furnish sufficient police force upon 
its own grounds to preserve order, and in the event of a crowd 
entering the field during the progress of a game, and interfering 
with the play in any manner, the Visiting Club may refuse to 
play further until the field be cleared. If the ground be not 
cleared within fifteen minutes thereafter, the Visiting Club may 
claim, and shall be entitled to, the game by a score of nine runs 
to none (no matter what number of innings have been played). 

GENERAL DEFINITIONS. 

Rule 62. "Play" is the order of the Umpire to begin the game 
or to resume play after its. suspension. 

Rule 63. "Time" is the order of the Umpire to suspend play. 
Such suspension must not extend beyond the day of the game. 

Rule 64. "Came" is the announcement by the Umpire that the 
game is terminated. 

Rule 65. "An Inning" is the term at bat of the nine players 
representing a Club in a game, and is completed when three of 
such players have been put out as provided in these Rules. 

Rule 66. "A Time at Bat" is the term at bat of a Batsman. 
It begins when he takes his position, and continues until he is put 
out or becomes a Base Runner ; except when, because of being 
hit by a pitched ball, or in case of an illegal delivery by the 
Pitcher, as in Rule 44. 

Rule 67. "Legal" or "Legally 1 ' signifies as required by thes« 
Rules. 



PLAYINU IIULES. 



SCORING. 



55 



Rule 68. In order to promote Uniformity in Scoring Cham- 
pionship Games, the following instructions, suggestions and defi- 
nitions are made for the benefit of scorers, and they are required 
to make all scores in accordance therewith. 



Sec. i. The first item in the tabulated score, after the play- 
er's name and position, shall be the number of times he has been 
at bat during the game. The time or times where the player 
has been sent to base by being hit by a pitched ball, by the pitch- 
er's illegal delivery, or by a base on balls shall not be included in 
this column. 

SEC 2. In the second column should be set down the runs 
made by each player. 

Sec. 3. In the third column should be placed the first base 
hits made by each player. A base hit should be scored in the 
following cases : 

When the ball from the bat strikes the ground within the 
foul lines, and out of reach of the fielders. 

When a hit bill is partially or wholly stopped by a fielder 
in motion, but ^ch player cannot recover himself in time to 
handle the ball before the striker reaches First Base. 

When a hi ball is hit so sharply to an infielder that he cannot 
handle it in time 10 put out the batsman. In case of doubt over 
this class of hits, score a base hit, and exempt the fielder from 
the charge of an error. 

When a ball is hit so slowly towards a fielder that he cannot 
handle it in time to put out the batsman. 

That in all cases where a base runner is retired by being hit by 
a batted ball, the batsman shou'd be credited with a base hit. 

When a batted ball hits the person or clothing of the Umpire, 
as defined in Rule 37. 

Sec. 4. In the fourth column shall be placed Sacrifice Hits, 
which shall be credited to the batsman, who when but one man 
«S out advances a runner a base on a fly to the outfield or a ground 
hit, which results in putting out the batsman, or would so result 
'f handled without error. 



Sec. 5. The number of opponents put out by each player shall 
be set down in the fifth column \\ here a striker is given out by 
the Umpire for a foul strike, or because he struck out of his turn, 
theput-out shall be scored to the Catcher. 

Sec. 6. The n.. nber of times the player assists shall be set 
down in the sixth column. An assist should be given to each 



56 PLAYING RULES. 

player who handles the ball in assisting a run out or other play oif 
the kind. 

An assist should be given to a player who makes a play in time 
to put a runner out, even if the player who should complete the 
play fails, through no fault of the player assisting. 

And generally an assist should be given to each player who 
handles the ball from the time it leaves the bat until it reaches 
the player who makes the put out, or in case of a thrown ball, to 
each player who throws or handles it cleanly and in such a way 
that a put-out results, or would result if no error were made by 
the receiver, 



Sec. 7. An error shall be given in the seventh column for 
each misplay which allows the striker or base runner to make one 
or more bases when perfect play would have insured his being put 
out, except that " wild pitches," " bases on balls," " bases on the 
batsman being struck by a pitched ball," or case of illegal pitched 
ball, balks and passed balls, shall not be included in said column. 
In scoring errors of batted balls see Section 3 of this Rule. 

STOLEN BASES. 

Sec. 8. Stolen bases shall be scored as follows : 
Any attempt to steal a base must go to the credit of the base 
runner, whether the ball is thrown wild or muffed by the fielder, 
but any manifest error is to be charged to the fielder making the 
same. If the base runner advances another base he shall not be 
credited with a stolen base, and the fielder allowing the advance- 
ment is also to be charged with an error. If a base runner makes 
a start and a battery error is made, the runner secures the credit 
of a stolen base, and the battery error is scored against the player 
making it. Should a base runner overrun a base and then be put 
out, he should receive the credit for the stolen base. 

EARNED RUNS. 

Sec. 9. An earned run shall be scored every time the player 
reaches the home base unaided by errors before chances have 
been offered to retire the side. 



THE SUMMARY. 

Rule 6g. The Summary shall contain : 
Sec. 1. The number of earned runs made by each side. 
Sec. 2. The number of two-base hits made by each player. 
Sec. 3. The number of three-base hits made by each player. 
Sec. 4. The number of home runs made by each player. 
Sec. 5. The number of bases stolen by each player. 



PLAtflXii KULES. 



57 



Sec. 6. The number of double and triple plays made by each 
side, with the names of the players assisting in the same. 

Sec. 7. The number of men given bases on called balls, by 
each Pitcher. 

Sec. 8. The number of men given bases from being hit by 
pitched balls. 

Sec. 9 The number of men struck out. 
1 Sec. 10. The number of passed balls by each Catcher. 
i Sec. 11. The number of wild pitches by each Pitcher. 
1 Sec. 12. The time cf game. 

Sec. 13. The name of the Umpire. 

amendments. 

Rule 70. No Amendment or charge of any of these Na- 
tional Playing Rules shall be made, except by a joint committee 
on rules, consisting of three members from the National League 
and three members from the American Association. Such com- 
mittee to be appointed at the annual meetings of each of said 
bodies to serve one year from the twentieth day of December of 
each year. Such committee shall have full power to act, provided 
that such amendments shall be made only by an affirmative vote of 
the majority of each delegation. 



58 



SPECIAL MEETINGS 



Special Meeting of the Board of Directors of the 
National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs held 
at the Coleman House, Asiiury Park, N. J., Wednes- 
day, Aug. 15, A. D. i83S. 

Meeting called to order at 2:45 P. M. 

The Chairman submitted the protest of the Pittsburg Club from 
the umpire's decision in awarding game to the New York Club, 
May 31, iSSS. 

On motion the appeal of the Pittsburg Club was dismissed. 

The Chairman presented the appeal of the Pittsburg Club ask- 
ing that the game played May 5, 18SS, with the Philadelphia 
Club be set aside, and the game ordered played over by reason of 
the latter club presenting in their nine an ineligible player. 

On motion the appeal of the Pittsburg Club was allowed. 

The Chairman presented the appeal of Mr. Gilligan. After a 
careful consideration of all the evidence presented, on motion the 
appeal was dismissed. 

The appeal of M. C. Sullivan for a remittance of and return of 
a fine imposed by Umpire Valentine in game played at Indian- 
apolis, April 20, 1S8S, was, on motion, laid over for future consid- 
eration at the annual meeting. No further business appearing, 



on motion adjourned. 



N. E. Yoking, Chairman. 
Signed, 

A. II. Soden, 1 
YY. A. Nimick, 
\V. F. IlEWETT, 

F. K. Stearns, 



- Directors. 



Annual Meeting of the Board of Directors of the 
National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs held 
at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York City, Wednes- 
day, Nov. 21, 1888. 

Meeting called to order at 9:50 a. m. 
Present: 

N. E. Young, Chairman, and Messrs. Soden, Nimick, Hewett 
and Stearns, Directors. 

The Secretary presented a tabular statement of championship 



OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



59 



games won and lost during the season of iSSS. On motion the 
following resolution was adopted: 

Resolved That the New York Ball Club of New York City 
having won the greatest percentage of games in the championship 
series, is hereby awarded the League Championship of the United 
States for the year 1888. 

The report of the Treasurer was received and accepted. 
Mr. N. E. Young was re-elected Secretary. 
The petition of M. C. Sullivan for a refundment of fine imposed 
by the Umpire at Indianapolis, April 20, 188S, was, on motion, 
denied. 

The consideration of the charges of the Chicago Club against 
the New York Club, was, on motion, deferred until the spring 
meeting. 

The Treasurer was authorized to pay Mr. Lynch sixty dollars, 
being amount deducted for time lost by reason of injury received 
while umpiring a championship game in Chicago. On motion 
adjourned. N. E. Young, Chairman. 

Signed, 

A. H. Soden, ") 
W. A Nimick, I 
F. K. Stearns, [ 
W. F. IIewett, J 



Directors. 



Annual Meeting of the National League of Professional 
Base Ball Clubs held at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, New 
York City, Wednesday, Nov. 21, A. D. 18S8. 

Meeting called to order by the President at 12 M. 

Present: 
A. H. Soden and W. H. Conant, representing the Boston Base 

Ball Association. 
F. K. Stearns and W. J. Gray, representing the Detroit Base Ball 

Association. 
John T. Brush, representing the Indianapolis Base Ball Asso- 
ciation. 
Walter F. IIewett, representing the Washington National Base 

Ball Club. 
W A. Nimick and A. K. Scandrett, representing the Allegheny 

Base Ball Club. 



60 



SPECIAL MEETINGS 



John li. Day and C. T. Dillingham, representing the New York 

Ball Club. 
A. J. Reach and John I. Rogers, representing the Philadelphia 

Ball Club. 
J. Walter Spalding, representing the Chicago Ball Club. 

On motion the reading of the minutes of the previous meeting 
was dispensed with. 

The report of the Board of Directors was received and accepted. 

The application of the Cleveland Base Ball Company of C. eve- 
land, O., for League membership was received, and, upon a 
favorable report from the committee, Messrs. Day, Soden and 
Reach, they were unanimously elected, and Messrs. F. De H. 
Robinson and George W. Howe duly admitted as representatives 
of the organization. 

The regular order of business was suspended, and the League 
proceeded to consider amendments to the League Constitution. 

On motion a committee of three was appointed, consisting of 
Messrs. Rogers, Brush and Nimick, to consider a communication 
from Mr. Brush, looking to the classification of players and regu- 
lation of salaries. The committee submitted their report, and on 
motion the further consideration of the same was postponed until 
the following day. 

The following officers and committees were elected and ap- 
pointed for the ensuing year, viz: 

President — Mr. N. E. Young. 

Directors - John T. Brush, \V. A. Nimick, John B. Day and W. 
F. Hewett. 

Schedule Committee — John B. Day, \V. F. Hewett and John 
T. Brush. 

Board of Arbitration — N. E. Young, John B. Day and J. R. 
Rogers. 

On motion adjourned to meet at 10 A. M the following day. 

Thursday, Nov. 22 1S88. 

Meeting called to order at ro:30 A. M. 

Mr. Rogers stated that he was willing to serve on the Board of 
Arbitration, but preferred not to serve as Chairman. On motion 
the League members of the Board were requested, in view of Mr. 
Rogers' declination, to vote for Mr. Young as Chairman. 



OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



61 



On motion the President was authorized to employ an attorney 
whenever in his judgment he deems it necessary in the interests of 
the League, and to arrange for the payment for such service from 
the League treasury. It was unanimously agreed that the office 
of League Solicitor be abolished. 

The following committees were elected: 

Joint Playing Rules Committee — .Messrs. Spalding, Day and 
Rogers. 

Speeial Committee (under resolution of Nov. iS, lSSS) — Messrs. 
Young, Spalding and Day. 

On motion the President was authorized to return to the Detroit 
Base Ball Association, the three thousand dollars paid by them 
into the "Guarantee Fund." 

The following amendments to the League Constitution, includ- 
ing report of Committee, were adopted. (See Constitution.) 

The following resolution was adopted to take effect Dec. 15, 
18SS. 

Resolved, That Sections 27, 29 and 30 of the League Constitu- 
tion be adopted to take effect on Dec. 15, iSbS, and that the limit 
tations of players' compensation contained in Section 30, shall no- 
apply to players with whom the several League Clubs have made 
contractual obligations for a continuance of salaries or compensa- 
tion in excess of said limitations. 

Provided, That a list of such players, with the amount of com" 
pensation, accompanied bv a pledge against future increase thereof 
be filed with the Secretary of the League on or before Dec. 15, 
iSSS, and further that a release of such players by the club now 
entitled to their services shall exclude them from the benefits of 
this resolution. 

Provided, further, That Sections 27. 29 and 30 aforesaid shall not 
be construed to impair the right of any ball player, who is now 
beyond the seas to enter into contract at such compensation as 
may be mutually agreed upon by such player and the club em- 
ploying him. 

Provided, further, That this exception from the operation of the 
Sections aforesaid, shall not extend beyond the period of fifteen 
days fiom the return of such player from beyond the seas to his 
home. 

On motion Messrs. Rogers and Young were appointed a com- 
mittee of two to change the League Constitution in form, but not 
in substance. 



C2 



SPECIAL MEETINGS 



The report of the Committee on Joint Playing Rues was 
accepted. 

The contract forprinting was awarded to John B. Sage, Buffalo,. 
N. Y. 

The Secretary was authorized to make contract with Spalding 
Bros, for furnishing balls for the use of League Clubs for three 
years from March I, 1891. 

The following resolutions were adopted: 

Resolved, That the next annual meeting be held in Xew York 
City. 

Resolved, That the Schedule Meeting in the spring, be held in 
the city of Washington. 

It was unanimously agreed that the special agreement with the 
Indianapolis Base Ball Association be continued until the adjourn- 
ment of the spring meeting, or a date not later than March 7, 
1889. 

No further business appearing on motion adjourned. 

N. E. Young, Prist, and Secy, 



Special Meeting of the National League of Professional. 
Base Ball Clubs, held at Arlington Hotel, Wash- 
ington, D, C, Tuesday, March 5, A. D. iSSg, 
Meeting called to order at 12 o'clock noon. 
Present: 

A. II. Soden and W. H. Conant, representing the Boston Base 
Ball Association. 

F. K. Stearns, representing the Detroit Base Ball Association. 

John T. Brush, representing the Indianapolis Base Ball Asso- 
ciation. 

\V. A. Nimick, representing the Allegheny Base Ball Club. 

\V. F. Hewett, representing the Washington National Base Ball 
Club. 

John B. Day, representing the New York Ball Club. 

A. J., Reach and John I. Rogers, representing the Philadelphia 
Ball Club. 

J. W. Spalding, representing the Chicago Ball Club. 

F. DeH. Robinson, representing the Cleveland Base Ball Com- 
pany. 

On motion the reading of minutes of last meeting was dis- 
pensed with. 



OF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



G3 



The report of the Board of Arbitration was adopted and the 
President duly authorized to sign the amended National Agree- 
ment for iSSg, on behalf of all League Clubs. 

The report of the committee appointed to change form of 
League Constitution submitted their report, which, with recom- 
mendations as to amendments, was unanimously adopted. 

On motion the Secretary was authorized to appoint a substitute 
umpire at a compensation not to exceed two hundred dollars per 
month and actual expenses. 

A communication was received from Mr. J. F. C. Blackhurst 
requesting the privilege of being heard in relation to complaint 
of J. \V. Glasscock. 

On motion Mr. Blackhurst was invited to be present and ac- 
corded a hearing. Mr. Blackhurst stated that Mr. Glasscock 
had withdrawn his complaint and he had no client. 

On motion a recess was taken until 4 r. M. 

Meeting called to order at 4 P. M., and on motion a further 
recess was taken until 8 p. M. 

The committee appointed to prepare a schedule for the season 
of 18S9 submitted their report, which was unanimously adopted. 

The President was authorized and instructed to return to the 
Indianapolis Base Ball Association two thousand dollars, being 
amount paid by that organization as its contribution to the "Guar- 
antee Fund." 

On motion adjourned. 

N. E. Young, President and Secy. 



OFFICERS AND PLAYERS. 

The following is an official list of the officers of the National 
League of Professional Base Ball Clubs, and players of clubs, 
members thereof, for the season of iSSg, so far as completed 
to March, 18S9, 

N. E. YOUNG, PRES. and Sec, Box 536, Washington, D. C. 

DIRECTORS. 

W. A. Nimick, J. T. Brush, J. B. Day and W. F. Hewett. 



64 



SPECIAL MEETINGS 



BOSTON BASE BALL ASSOCIATION OF BOSTON, 
MASS. 
A. H. Soden, President, J. B. Billings, Treasurer, 

No. 116 Water St. Box 1756. 

Geo. B. Billings, Seorelary, 116 Summer St. 
Hardie Richardson, M. J. Kelly, M.J. Madden, 

C. W. Ganzell, R. P. Johnston, D. Brouthers, 

Jno. G. Clarkson, Jos. Quinn, W. M. Nash, 

Charles Radbourne, C. \V. Bennett, Wm. Sowders, 

J. B. Ray, Jno. F. Morrill. 

CHICAGO BALL CLUB OF CHICAGO, ILL. 
A. G. Spalding, President, J. A. Brown, Secretary, 

No. 108 Madison St. No. 165 Loomis St. 

\V. F. Hutchinson, Dell Darling, F. S, Flint. 

C. A. Farrell, G. E. VanHaltren, Frank Dwyer. 

CLEVELAND BASE BALL COMPANY OF CLEVELAND, 

OHIO. 

F. DeH. Robinson, President. Davis Hawi.ey, Secretary. 

Geo. W. Howe, Treasurer. 



Oliver Tebeau, 
E. Bakley, 
C. L. Zimmer, 
Jas. R. McAleer, 
C. W. Sprague, 
Thos. Flanagan, 
E. E. Sutcliffe. 



Jos, Lohbeck, 
John Strieker, 
Jno. F. O'Brien, 
Jay S. Faatz, 
M. Duke, 
R. J. Gilks, 



Paul Radford, 
E. J. McKeon, 
T. C. Nicholson, 
L. Twitchell, 
E. A. Beatin, 
Chas. N. Snyder. 



NEW YORK BALL CLUB OF NEW YORK CITY. 
Jno. B. Day, President, James Mutrie, Manage/, 

No. 121 Jlfaiden Lane. Polo Grounds liot/i St. &■ $th Ave. 
R. Connor, D. Richardson, Wm. George, 

James O'Kourke, A. W. Whitney, L. Titcomb, 

M. Welch, G. Hatfield, Wm. Brown, 

M. J. Slattery, Geo. F. Gore. 

PHILADELPHIA BALL CLUB OF PHILADELPHIA, 

PENNSYLVANIA. 

A. J. Reach, President. Jno. I. Rogers, Treasutei, 

No. 1022 Market St. No. 138 S. blh St. 

Harry Wright, Manager, No. 1941 N. lid St. 
E. Harry Decker, A. A. Irwin, C. G. Buffinton. 

A. B. Sanders, D. M. Case, J. G. Mitchell, 

Jno. Clements, Wm. Shriver, Wm. Hallman 

Jos. Mulvey, E.J. Delehanty, Jno. J. Kirby, 

Peter B. Wood, S. L. Thompson, 

Wm. Gleason. 



Geo. E. Andrews. 



CF THE NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



65 



ALLEGHENY BASE BALL CLUB OF PITTSBURG, PA. 

W. A. Nimick, President. A. K. Scandrett, Secretaty, 

No. 22 Sou St. Register's Office. 

H. B. Phillips, Manage). 
F. H. Carroll, Fred. Dunlap, J. P. Beckley, 

A. J. Maul, J. F. Coleman, H. E. Staley, 

Sam'l A. Nichol, G. F. Miller R. G. Allen, 

J. C. Laner, E. Morris, W. M. Garfield, 

W. J. Kuehne, W. A. Sunday, John J. Fields, 

James F. Galvin, P. J. Conway, C. M. Smith. 

INDIANAPOLIS BALL CLUB OF INDIANAPOLIS, IND. 

Jko. T. Brush, President. Geo. T. Breunig, Secretaty. 

Charles F. Meyer, Treasure). 



F. C. Bancroft, 
Henry J. Boyle, 
J. W, Glasscock, 
C. E. Bassett, 



W. B. Burdick, 
P. A. Hines, 
C. F. Dailey, 
J. C. McGeachy, 



L. N. Shoeneck, 
J. E. Seery, 
jerry Denny, 
L. L. Shreve, 
R. D. Buckley. 

WASHINGTON (NATIONAL) BASE BALL CLUB OF 
WASHINGTON, D. C. 

W. F. Hewett, President, L. E. Burket, Seaetary. 

Vo. 1227 yt/i St., AT. W. 



Jno. J. Carney, 
Alex. Ferson, 
H. G. Ebright, 
W. E. Hoy, 
Wm. O'Brien, 



Peter Sweeny, 
Geo. S. Haddock, 
Henry M. O'Day, 
Albert Myers, 
J. B. Donnelly. 



James M. Banning, 
Owen Clarke, 
Geo. W. Keefe, 
W. R. Wilmot, 



66 



LEAGUE BATTING AVERAGES. 



THE LEAGUE AVERAGES FOR 1888. 

The following is the official batting record of playe-s members of 
League Clubs who have tiken part In fifteen or more championship 
games. 

SEASON OF 1888. 



NAME. 



Anson 

Beckley 

Kyan 

Kelly 

I Ewine 

| Brouihers.... 

Quint 

White 

Johnston 

Tiernan 

Connor 

Richardson.. 
( Van llaltren 
INaeh 

Duffy 

Thompson.. . 

Hines 

< Howe 

} Miller 

Conway 

Hoy 

j Bucklev 

I O'Kourke.... 

Brown 

Glasscock.... 

j Hanion 

( McGuire 

Bennett 

( Dunlap 

"I Denny 

Nicholson... 

Sntcllffe 

Pettit 

Ward 

J Williamson.. 
I Beaton 

Pfuffer 

Ganzell 

I Clements 

1 Brown 

! (Ray 

83i Farrar 



CLUB. 



Chicago 

Pittsburg 

Chicago , 

Boston 

New York 

Detroit 

Boston , 

Detroit 

Boston 

New York 

m 

Detroit 

Chicago 

Boston 

Chicago 

Detroit 

Indianapolis., 

Detroit 

Pittsburg 

Detroit 

Washington .. 
Indiunapol.e.. 
New York.... 

Indimapolis. . 

Detroit 

Phil.&Detr't 

Detroit 

Plitsburg.. .. 
Indianapolis.. 

Detroit 

11 

Chicago 

New York.,,, 

Chicago 

Detroit , 

Chicago , 

Detroit 

Philadelphia. 

Boston 

it 

Phi'ade'lp'h'ial 



131 515 
712S3 
130 519 
105440 
103 415 
128 B82 
88 15"i 
185 82? 



1,298 
55 238 
132 513 
105,451 
10l|404 
44,167 
188 503 
71 280 



72 258 
81 317 

126 524 
24 1 85 
49191 
43 109 

122 510 

132 452 
161 50 

135517 
03 886 
85:323 

107 t2f. 
TO 200 

130504 



101 

35 
115 
85 
83 

11s 
19 
75 

1020 

5 



45:0 
28 
02 
2(1 
53 0.401121 



E- < 



52 

121 
285 
205 
195 

270 
43 

2001 
270 2, 
182 
221 
117 



283 130 
283;209 
,282 121 



,247 15S 
,247| 6! 



Ill 

186 

108 

139 
59 

171 
95 

154 
17 

145 

157 1 
2S'l 

102 1 

106 1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 



28 0.20 
20,0.23 
60|0.4S 
560.53 
53 51 
3T0.26 
1210.31 
120.09 
850. S6 
520.46 
27W.20 
130.23 
21 JO. 26 
20 0.15 
13 18 

6 0.09 
810 28 
10C 
27 

1( 
fc2 

4 ( 
251 

II 



,240115511. Ill 21:0.17 



0.09 

0.20 

0.02 

0.60 

0.05 

23 

0.06 

48,0.43 

38:0.35 

00.00 

40.05 

24 0.29 

320.25 

6 25 

60.12 

7,0.16 

380.31 

250.19 

10 06 

64 '0.47 

120.13 

80.03 

46 0.43 

70.14 



M 



LEAGUE BATTING AVERAGES. 

Batting Record. — Continued. 



67 



53 



NAME. 



I Sanders 

< Getzein 

I Slattery 

Twitchell... 

Carroll 

Basse tt 

J Hornung . . 

1 Wise 

j Burna 

■I And:ews .. 

( Myers 

Saoeni'Ck . 
( Sullivan... 
j fogarty. 

Kubne .... 

Sunday 

Farrdl , 

(Wood 

"(Co eman. . . 

( Tate 

1 Healy 

Delehant" . 

Richardson. 

(Daily 

"j OBrien 

( Wilmot.... 
| Dalrymple. 

Irwin 

J Irwin 
Seery 
Gore 

iMcGeachy.. 
Bfterbrook 
Whitney..., 
Sutton 
Dally 

( Mulvey 

) Radbourne . 
j Cleveland., 
j Shomberg.. 

Darling 

Mail , 

( Myers 

1 Smith.. 

Hallman ... 

Gleason 

Campaii. 

I Scheffler.. . 

I Burdock 

Donnelly ... 



CLUB. 



Philadelphia. 

Detroit 

New York... 

Detroit 

Pittsburg.. .. 
Indianapolis. 
Boston 

Chicago 

Philadelphia. 
Indianapolis. 

Chicago 

Philadelphia. 
PittBburg 

Chicago 

Philadelphia. 
Pittsburg. .. 

Boston 

Indianapolis. 
Philadelphia. 
New York.... 
Washington . 

ii 

Pittsburg.....' 
Washinttun 
Philadelphia. 
Indianapolis. 

New York 

Indianapolis. 

New York... 

Boston 

Indianapolis. 
Philadelphia. 

Boston 

N. Y. & Pitts. 
Indianapolis. 

Chicago 

Pittsburg 

Washington . 

Pittsburg 

Philadelphia. 

Detroit ' 

ii 

Boston 

Washington . 



130,521 
9o 362 



12s 
107 
nil 
134 
US 

66 

48 

75 
120 
1S7 
119 

63211 
in:, 12, 
115 134 

10 1 IS 

37 131 

71 390 
135561 

no r,n 

133'S2S 
119 473 

55 223 

37 126 
124 444 
133'500 

64 254 
1184J2 

64246 

90 31 

28 110 

57202 

99 391 

24 

40 

29 

20 

73 
[33 
130 

16 

23 

70 

2T 

21 
Hi 



6 


si 






<£ 


y 


z: 






y 












o 


* 


bfl 


a 









a 


03 


u 


01 
Pi 


(0 






Pi 

ai 












<5 


1* 


fk 


H 


">1 


47 


58 


.245 


74 


1.211 


31 


41 


,245 


50 


1,11 


47 


96 


.245 


122 


1.18 


54 


ISH 


.244 


167 


1.28 


0.63 


Rfl 


.243 


117 


1.22 


0.44 116 


.241 


147 


1.15 


0.57 


1(M 


.239 


134 


1.25 


0.63 100 


.239 


155 


1.49 


0.44 115 


.238 


152 


1.13 


0.011125 


.2(8 


lbV 


1.27 


0,53 


(H 


.MM 




1.(19 


II 31 


40 


.237 


44 


0.91 


0.51 


74 


.285 


11V 


1.56 


0.59,106 


,28S 


137 


1.14 


0.44 l 122 


.234 


17. 


1.28 


0.57 117 


.233 


140 


1.18 


0.54 


56 


.232 


80 


1.27 


63 


99 


.230 


154 


1.46 


0,41 


1(X) 


.230 


118 


1.02 


45 


34 


.229 


44 


1.10 


38 


30 


.229 


42 


1.10 


0.51 


66 


.227 


82 


1.10 


0.60 


127 


.226 


176 


1.30 


0. 50402 


.225 


139 


1.26 


0.31 119 


.22.", 


167 


1.25 


0.51 


106 


.224 


146 


1.22 


0.33 


50 


.224 


64 


1.11 


0.88 


28 


.222 


36 


0.07 


0.41 


98 


.2211 


115 


0.92 


0.65 


mi 


22!) 


163 


1.23 


0.57 


56 


.220 


7'2 


1.12 


38 


99 


.210 


115 


0.97 


0.32 


54 


.219 


61 


o.9r, 


0.31 


72 


.219 


87 


0.91 


0.57 


24 


.218 


32 


1.14 


0.24 


41 


.218 


52 


0.91 


0.37 


8:. 


.215 105 


1 n„ 


0.2.-, 


17 


.215 


18 


0.75 


0.42 


31 


.214 


51 


1.87 


0.38 


21 


.214 


33 


1.13 


0.65 


16 


213 


27 


1 35 


0.29 


51 


.211 


71 


0.97 


0.3r, 


104 


.207 


139 


1.05 


0.44 


99 


.207 


131 


1.00 


11.31 


13 


.206 


19 


1.19 


0.17 


17 


20(1 


20 0.87 


0.40 


51 


203 


65 93 


0.63 


19 


202 


240.89 


0.24 


16 


202 


16|0.76 


0.35 


86 


.201 


104 


0.85 



13 0.23 
6 13 
2li 0.25 
14J0.10 
1810.19 



0.19 
0.27 
0.31 
0.25 
0.28 
0.42 
0.23 
0.12 
0.43 
0.25 
0.59 
0.12 
0.19 
0.13 
0.07 
0.13 
0.51 
3510.26 



■1-1 



15 



0.40 



0.08 

0.38 

0.12 

0.40 

19(0.15 

80,0.60 

11|0.17 

49,0.41 

11 0.17 

70.07 

100.35 

150.26 

180.12 

40.16 

4 10 

6 20 

00.00 

910.12 

2ii 0.15 

37j0 27 

10 06 

30.13 



I 
0.15 
0.05 
0.36 






68 



LEAGUE BATTING AVERAGES. 

Batting Record. — Continued. 



NAME. 



85 
66 
67 

68 

69 

70 
71 
72 
78 
74 

75 
76 

r< 

78 
7S 
80 
81 

6; 



8S> 
90 
91 
92 
93 
94 
95 



Wlduer 

Mo:rIU 

Arundel 

1 Clarkson . . . 

1 Fields 

i Schriver 

I VcSlianiiIc. 

Bastian 

Daily 

Welch 

Mack 

Schock 

(Fuller 

I Shreve 

Flint 

Hatfield.... 

O'Rourke... 

Buillnton. .. 

Whitney.... 

Murphy 

Kinsman.. . 

Madden.. .. 

Krock 

U\ Glenn 

85j Casey 

86. Baldwin.... 

( Sowders.... 

87 -j Burdick.... 

| ( Foster 

Boyle 

Ualvin 

Grnber 

ODay 

Staley 

Keeie 

Titcomb.. . 

Morris 



CLUB. 



Washington , 

Boston 

Washington , 

Boston 

Pittelnrg 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburg 

Philadelphia, 

Chicago 

New York..., 
Washington . 

Indianapolis 

Chicaso 

New York.., 

Boston 

Philadelphia, 
Washington 
New York.., 
Bcstou 

Chicago.. .. 
Washington , 

Detroit 

Boston t .. 

Philadelphia 
Chicago.. ... 

Bosfon 

Indianapolis 

NewY'ork 

Indianapolis 

Pittsburg 

Pe'roit 

Washington 

Pittsburg 

New York.., 

Pittsburg 



■B 






CD 

S 


■ 






















3 


ea 


n 




(6 


e 


tc 


at 


C5 


Ik 
a> 


eg 


Q 
Cfi 

ir 


ft 




eo 

a 


« 


CD 
ft 


S 


£ 


a 


a> 

> 


*4 






CD 


U 


P 


PS 




u< 


a. 


H 


"i 


15 


60 


4 


0.20 


12 


.200 


12 


0.80 


34 


486 


60 


11.44 


90 


.197 


136 


1.00 


16 


51 


2 


0.18 


in 


,190 


12 


0.75 


51 205 


20 0.37 


40 


.193 


58 


0,98 


44! It!) 


22 50 


33 


.195 


47 


1.09 


39 134 


15,0.38 


26 


194 


36 0.92 


2tii 08 


50.19 


19 


194 


20l0.77 


8 I 1 275 


3P0.38 


53 


192 


62:0.77 


65 21!) 


34 0.53 


4 


191 


54 83 


47 109 


16:0.34 


32 


.189 


42 89 


6"> 300 


49:0.57 


M 


ISO 


77 


[) 90 


90 817 


40;0.51 


58 


,188 


77 


0.S5 


49 170 


11 


0.2J 


81 


,1*2 


38 


0.77 


3rf 


115 


10 


0.28 


21 


.182 


24 


60 


22 


7V 


t 


87 


14 


.181 


17 


77 


27 


K.5 


7 


26 


19 


181 


20 


74 


20 


74 


3 


0.15 


13 


.175 


13 


0.05 


44 


156 


13 29 


27 


.173 


33 


0.72 


42,141 


13 31 


24 


.170 


27 


64 


28|lC6 


110.39 


18 


.109 


20 


0.71 


28 107 


9i0 32 


18 


.108 


S8 


1,00 


19; 07 


70.30 


11 


.164 


11 


0.58 


39134 


90. 3:, 


22 


,164 


25 


64 


34; 127 


6,0.17 


20 


.157 


2-3 0.67 


io! W 


50.31 


9 


.157 


10;0 63 


19! 65 


80.42 


10 


.154 


120.63 


33118 


110.33 


18 


.152 


22 66 


80 100 


11 0.37 


10 


.151 


240.80 


86 1S2 


14,0 40 


18 


.147 


200.67 


20 68 


60.30 


1(1 


.147 


11 0.55 


VI 136 


150.40 


20 


.147 


27 0.73 


37 125 


130.35 


1H 


144 


21 


0.57 


fO 174 


6 0.12 


25 


.148 


81 


0.02 


27| 92 


80.29 


13 


•141 


17 


0.03 


47,10b 


60.12 


23 


.138 


25 


0.53 


24 85 


60.25 


11 


129 


12 0.50 


61 181 


lo'o 19 


23 


.127 


83 0.64 


231 82 


6!0.26 


10 .122 


1310.56 


f4 


180 


12 


0.2 


19 


.102 


23 


0.42 



0.07 
0.15 
0.06 
0.C9 
0.20 
0.05 
0.11 
0.15 
15 
0.08 
0.38 
0.25 
0.12 
0.14 
0.04 
0.29 
0.10 
0.02 
0.07 
0.10 
0.11 
0.21 
0.02 
0.06 
0.00 
0.00 
0.06 
0.13 
0.03 
0.00 
0.35 
03 
0.08 
0.00 
0.06 
0.03 
0.06 
0.21 
0.04 



LEAGUE FIELDING AVERAGES. 



69 



FIELDING RECORD. 

Of Players), Members of League Clubs, who have taken part In fifteen or 
more Championship Games, Season of 1883. 

FIRST BASEMEN. 



NAME. 



Anson 

Connor 

( Beckley 

< Farrar 

(Morrill 

Esterbrook. 

J Coleman 

5 \ O'Brien 

b Shoeneck... 
7i Bronlhere... 

8, Maul 

9 Shomherp. - 



CLUB. 



Chicago 

New York. . . . 

Pittsburg 

Philadelphia 

Boelon 

Indianapolis. 

Pittsburg 

Washington.. 
Indianapolis. 

Detroit 

Pittsburg 

Indianapolis. 



1314 
1&37 
7-11 
134r> 
1396 
02S 
235 

1272 

501 
1345 
39: 
136 



01^ 



1399 .985 
1406 .981 
91 9 



1428 

1501 
651 



979 
979 
.t-76 



245 .975 
13431.975 
| 5311.971 
,1435 .970 

4141.968 
I 1411.964 



SECOND BASEMEN. 



liit-tlan 

Richardson . . 

Dunlap 

Nicho.sun.. 

Pfeffer 

Bichardeon. 
Bassett 

Myers 

Kinsman 

Quinn 

Smith.... 

Naeh 

Burdock 

Oanzell 

Delehanty... 



Philadelphia i 65 

New York I 1)5 

Pittsburg 

Detroit. 

Chicago 

Detroit 

Indianapolis.. 
Washington... 
Boston 



Pittsburg.. 
Bos on 



Detroit 

Pnibidelphia 



1 65 


145 


25S 


23 


427 


1 115 


321 


423 


46 


JflO 


81 


237 


276 


33 


51fi 


24 


44 


71 


8 


143 


135 


421 


457 


fi5 


913 


57 


173 


185 


29 


387 


123 


250 


423 


57 


73) 


n-i 


271 


399 


60 


73) 


28 


63 


75 


13 


151 


38 


97 


115 


20 


212 


56 


131 


181 


33 


::i8 


31 


90 


10S 


21 


219 


21 


51 


fiH 


13 


134 


51 


110 


168 


31 


309 


r,6 


129 


170 


44 


343 



.940 
.942 
.939 
.935 
.931 
.925 
.921 
.918 
.914 
.913 
.91)5 
.904 
.903 
.899 
.871 



THIRD BASEMEN. 



1 

o 






104 
74 
2b 

131 
90 
99 
90 

117 
"7 

125 
21 
21 
40 


139 
95 
39 

191 

158 
87 
90 

126 
32 

146 
32 
17 
27 


250 

166 

49 

273 

214 

174 

184 

230 

47 

244 

29 

2« 

57 


37 
26 
9 
49 
44 
32 
35 
51 
13 
65 
15 
12 
23 


426 
287 

97 
516 
416 
2.13 
809 
407 

92 


■91„ 

'«|9 


S 






9,7 


4 




<m& 


5 


Philadelphia 


894 


6 

7 




.890 

888 


8 
9 






.874 
858 


in 
11 




Detroit 


455 .857 

76 .eo2 


12 
13 


Bucbley 


New York & Pife'g. 


57 
107 


.789 
.785 



LEAGUE FIELDING AVERAGES. 

SHORT STOPS. 









-rj 





a 


w 


ai 










































NAME. 


CLUB. 


s 


a, 

u 


to 

< 


tn 


« 


&< 

3 








0) 






.9 


U 


a 


B 
S3 

8 


1 




o 


a 

a 
65 


B 
81 


13 

S 
14 


OS 
167 




1 






as 


.9:6 


a 






03 


112 


159 


25 


296 


.915 




f Smith 




74 


HO 


246 


37 


373 .900 






109 


201 


334 


59 


5941.900 


3 




Fhiladelph a. 


121 


204 


374 


64 


642 


900 




1 Shock 




5a 


84 


168 


28 


28.1 


.900 




(.Sutcliffo 




24 


3D 


K,H 


14 


141 


.900 


4 


Wise 




13< 

89 

47 
10.-, 

27 
122 

47 


120 
179 

58 
1313 

51 
185 

87 


375 
271 
130 
312 
87 
331 
140 


62 
57 
26 
72 
23 
86 
3K 


557 
507 


888 


K 




PS7 


ft 




ti 


2I4I.878 




Detroit 

Was-hington... 


517 SR'i 


P 




164 

602 
245 


859 


!i 


Ward 


857 


10 


Fuller 


845 



FIELDERS. 



i O'Kourke. 
'| Tiernan... 

Glenn 

Sanders... 

Horuung . 

Maul 

Seery 

Sunday 



B 
10 

111 
1 

13' 

l»l 



I Cjiiiuau. 
} McC 



cGeacuy. 

Petiit 

Fogarty.... 

( Sullivan 

) Coleman... 

I Slattery 

'l Hanlon.... 
Miller... .. 

Daily 

.J J Ilines 

10 i ) DeJehanty. 

16 Duffy 

17 Dalrymple 

18! Wood 

191 Andrews... 
nn' ( Johnston.. 

H(Hoy 

21 1 Brown .. . 

22, Shock 

23 Fields 

21 1 Twitchell.. 
25 Farrell ... 



New Voik.. 
u 

Boston 
Philadelphia 

Boston 

Pittsburg 
Indianapolis 

Pntsnurg 

Detroit 

Indianapolis' 

Chicago 

Philadelphia 

Chicago 

Pitt^bur^.... 

New York.. 

Detroit.... 

Pittsburg ... 

Washington. 

Indianapolis 

Philadelphia 

Chicago 

Pittsburg . . . 
Philadelphia. 

B<"Btfn 

Washington,, 

Boston 

Washington. . 

Pittsbnrg 

Detroit 

Chicago 



81 


l-.U 


13 


6 


US 


174 


16 


8 


19 


42 


2 


2 


25 


88 


5 


2 


107 


151 


1f 


A 


34 


5>- 


r 


4 


188 


25b 


K 


18 


1IU 


?92 


27 


2 1 


70 


101 


1C 


8 


117 


194 


27 


16 


43 


4li 


t 


4 


i:t 


2:-.9 


26 


20 


75 


114 


IS 


10 


90 


IBP 


a; 


11 


103 


187 


1»> 


18 


108 


280 


7 


21 


82 


f.K 


7 


B 


100 


179 


19 


1!) 


124 


255 


13 


26 


17 


28 


3 


3 


67 


103 


19 


13 


57 


M) 


9 


9 


103 


175 


15 


20 


123 


210 


2f 


25 


135 


286 


30 36 


136 


2.6 


26 


37 


107 


172 


IS 


22 


3". 


59 


r , 


8 


29 


49 


6 


7 


129 


195 


13 


27 


31 


50 


8 


7 



149I.959 
198;. 959 
46 .956 



9 5 
.947 
.943 
.939 



310:.938 
119! 912 
237 .932 
9J1 



.929 
.927 
.927 
.918 
.918 
915 
.912 
.911 
.911 
.910 
.908 
.9 4 
.903 
897 
897 



212 .8 6 
74 1. 892 
62! .887 

235 ,8f 5 
60. 883 



LEAGUE FIELDING AVERAGES. 
Fielders' Averages — Continued. 



71 



















•o 










*s 


60 






3 








•*5 


o 


a 

at 


o 

hi 




a. 

s 




NAME. 


CLUB. 


S? 




at 

m 


Kl 


a 

as 

a 


a 


H 






m 

a 

as 


a 


m 

B 


is 


"3 


a 
S 


K 






O 


14 


H 


h 


ts 


a. 


«>. 




Detroit 


55 
135 
54 
119 
37 
27 
64 


80 
217 
73 
26' 
64 
49 
88 


4 

34 
9 
19 
5 
1 
4 


12 
35 
12 
41 
12 
9 
18 


102 

286 
94 

32. 
81 
59 

11ft 


882 


t7 


Chicago 


877 




( Van Haltren 

j Wiimot 


872 






87" 


SS 


Gore 




8M 


an 




R17 


31 




836 


32 






38 


45 


2 


10 


57 


.824 


::i 


Kelly 


Boston 


31 


2« 


4 


12 


44 


.727 



CATCHERS' AVERAGES. 











j 


t>'r 
















■6 


o 


a 


M 
O 


<B 


CD 

CD 


g 




NAME. 


CLUB. 




a 


< 




"3 

n 


a 

OS 










09 








■o 


u 


fl 


a 

as 






a 

01 


a 


s 


2 


m 
m 


e) 


u 


« 




. 


O 


y. 


H 

94 
41 

107 


18 

9 

33 


ft 

14 
15 
36 


H 

550 
221 
576 


ft 


1 


Daily 




72 
25 
62 


421 
156 
400 


941 


V 




E91 


8 




R80 


4 






81 


494 


104 


47 


39 


684 


874 


S 


Ewing 




78 


48(1 


143 


35 


65 


723 


861 


« 






16 


96 




11 


9 


141 


S58 


7 






46 


211 


63 


21 


27 


322 


.851 


8 






22 
79 
31 


96 
361 
1?7 


42 
152 
60 


11 

47 
20 


14 
43 
25 


163 
608 
282 


846 


q 




813 


10 




840 




28 


186 


m 


23 


23 


288 


P40 


11 






20 


139 


26 


12 


21 


198 


.833 


12 


Buckley 




48 


218 


60 


81 


28 


332 


.823 


in 


Miller 

Tate 


Pittsburg 


68 
20 
40 
74 
53 
42 


268 
89 
188 
S6< 
265 
215 


76 
37 
64 
146 
58 
69 


35 
17 
43 
77 
37 
34 


48 
14 
19 
54 
46 
41 


427 
157 
814 
644 

40" 
P59 


RW 


11 




803 


15 




80? 


Ifl 


Carroll 


716 


1! 




795 


is 




791 


It) 






17 


134 


24 


19 


26 


203 


778 


211 






31 
27 


171 

1 is 


50 
39 


32 

28 


34 

29 


287 
244 


770 


21 




.760 


22 




Washington 


16 


63 


16 


15 


21 


115 


.687 



72 



LEAGUE PITCHERS RECORD. 









990HBI10 linoj, 



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JftOcC^i" "~ ~ — t ' X' t' --■- — 77 »r. ~> t- •?» — ~ tD~' CO •— u 



Bliuq pOHUO 
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Hi-ii-<«rtMnOtni-ii-iWM« 



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W 

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s^TiDnoddo 
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sravo led -eiy 



■ COXHCCCC- 



CO'd'Tf^'CO^T'C'TrTjicOTI'irCC 



ci-cMco , crTj<ccTj"Tco'crinco-q' 



9jn9uoddo 
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-P tfi CO — COCCcO-CiCCCO-T — WCf^rtCCi.C'C: 

w«ajMrwicc»c:c; "'C^T*r--H-ino. 

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cocOtocococococo 


m 


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Detroit.. 

Indianapolis.. 

Pittsburg 

Washlngron.. . 




•3ia«a 


iHWMf tTCl-X 



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74 



RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES. 



RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES PLAYED 
SEASON OF 1888. 



Date 

1888. 



April 20 

•' 20 

" 20 

" a.i 

" 21 

" 21 

" 21 

'• 21 

" 2S 



NAMES OF CONTESTANTS. 



May 



Winniko Club 



Philadelphia vs. Boston 

Indianapolis vb. Chicago 

Pittsburg vs. Detroit .. ; 

Washington vs. New York.. 

Pittsburg vs. Detroit 

Philadelphia vs. Boston 

Indianapolis vs. Chicago... 

Philadelphia vs. Boston 

Pittsburg vs. Detroit 

Washington vs. New York.. 

Pittabnrg vs. Detroit 

Philadelphia vs. Boston 

Indianapolis vs. Chicago.... 
New York vs. Philadelphia. 
Washington vs. Boston 

Pittsburg vs. Chicago 

New York vs. Philadelphia.. 
Indianapolis vs. Detroit 

New York vs. Philadelphia. 

Pittsburg vs. Chicago 

Washicgton vs. Boston 

PlttBbur" vs. Chicago 

Nf w Ytrk vc. Philadelphia. . 
Indianapolis vs. Detroit 

Philadelphia vs. Washington 

Pittsburg vs. Chicago 

New York vs. Boston 

(C it 

Detroit vs. Pitlsburg 

Chicago vs. Indianapolis 

Philadelphia vs. Washington 

New York vs. Boston 

Detroit vs. PittBburg 

Chicago vs. Indianapolis.... 

New York vs. Boston , 

Philadelphia vs. Washington 
Detroit vs. Pittsburg 



Boston 

Chicago 

Pittsburg. .. 
New York ., 
Washington.. 
Pittsburg. ... 

Boston 

Chicago 

u 

Boston 

Pittsburg. .. 

Tie 

New York... 

Detroit 

ISoBton 

Chicago 

Philadelphia 
Boston 

Chicago 

New York.. 
Indianapolis. 

New York.. 

Chicago 

Boston 

Pittsburg."'.!! 

New York.., 
Detroit 

Philadelphia 
Pittsburg. . 

Boston 

New York . 

Detroit 

Chicago .... 
Philadelphia 

New York ., 

Detroit 

Chicago 

Boston 

Washington.. 
Detroit 



Runs 

Scored. 



RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES. 
RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES — Continued. 



75 



Date 


1888. 


ff&Y 


4 


i? 


4 


*< 


5 


<i 


6 


*' 


5 


II 


7 


41 


r 


(1 


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8 


iC 


9 


It 


9 


11 


ft 


41 


ft 


41 


Hi 


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10 


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10 


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10 


41 


11 


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11 


44 


1* 


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12 


11 


14 


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14 


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14 


41 


IS 


« 


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1.-. 


•* 


16 


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16 


11 


17 


II 


17 


II 


17 


41 


If 


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1!. 


14 


V.I 


41 


ID 


41 


21 


II 








41 


21 


14 


81 


•1 


83 


II 


22 


II 









NAMES OF CONTESTANTS. 



Detroit vs. Pittsburg 

Chicago vs. Indianapolis... 
Chicago vs. Washington... 

Detroit vs. Boston 

Indianapolis vs. New York. 



Winning Club 



Detroit. 
Chicago 



Boston 

New York 

li'dianapolis.. 
Philadelphia.. 



Pittsbnrg vs. Philadelphia 

Detroit vs. Boston I Detroit... 

Indianapolis vs. New York New York 



Detroit vs. Boston 

Pittsburg vs. Philadelphia.. . 

Chicago vs. Washington 

Indianapulis vs. Washington. 

Detroit vs. Philadelphia 

Chicago vs. New Y'ork 

Pittsbuig vs. Boston 



Detroit vs. Philadelphia 

Indianapolis vs. Washington. 



Chicago vs. New Y'ork.. 
Detroit vs. PhMadelphia. 
Pittsburg vs. Botton.... 



Boetrn 

Ph ladelphia. 

Chicago 

Indianapolis. 
Philadelphia. 
New York ... , 
tittsburg. ..., 

Bo ton 

Detroit 

Wash ngton.. 
Indianapolis.. 

t hicago 

Detroit 

Pittsbnrg 

Boston , 

Indianapolis vs. Washington ; India apolie . 



Chicago's. New York. 
Ditroitvs. Washington.. 
Pittsburg vs. New York. 
Chicago vs. B ' ston 



Detroit vs. Waebinsr'on 

Pittsburg vs. New York 

Indianapolis vs. Philadelphia. 

Chicago vs. Boston 

Pittsburg vs. New York 

Detroit vs. Washington 

Chicago vs . B ston 

Chicago vs. Philadelphia' 

PittBburg vs. Washiuston 

Detroit vb. New Y'ork 

Indianapolis vs. Boston 

Pittsburg vs. Washington....! 

Chicago vs. Philadelphia , 

Detroit vs. New York 

Indianapolis vs. Boston 



Detroit vs. New Y'ork 

Chtcaro vs. Philadelphia. . . 



Chicago. 

Detroit 

Te 

Boslon 

Chicago 

Detroit 

Pittsbnrg. ... 
Indianapolis. 

Chicago 

Tie 

Detroit 

Chicago 



Pittsbnrg. .. 

Detioit 

Boston.... 

Pittsburg 

Philadelphia.. 
New York... 
Indianapolis.. 

Boston 

New York 

Philadelphia.. 



KUN8 

SCOKED. 



u 



2 
7 

4 
6 
1 
1 
3 

r> 

4 
6 
1 
2 
1 
2 
2 
10 

4 
5 

3 
1 
4 
6 
1 
1 
5 
3 
5 
1 

1 
2 
2 
4 
1 

4 
1 
8 
4 

1 
7 

2 
4 
2 



70 RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES. 

record of championship games — Continued. 



NAMES OF CONTESTANTS. 



May 22 PItteburg vb. Washington 



Chicago vs. Philadelphia. . . 

Detroit vs. New York 

Indianapolis vs. Boston 

Chicago vs. Detroit 

Phtaourgvs. Indianapolis.. 

Chicago vs. Detroit.. 

New York vs. Washington 
Boston vs. Philadelphia 



June 



Chicago vs. Detroit 

Pittsburg vs. Indianapolis.. 
New York vs. Washington. 



Boston vs. Philadelphia. 
BoBton vs. Indianapolis. 



Philadelphia vs. Detroit. . 
New York vs. Pittsburg. . 

M It 

Washington vs. Chi'ago. 



Boston vs. Indianapolis 

New York vb. Pittsburg 

Washington ve. Chicago.... 

Philadelphia vb. Detroit 

New York vs. Pittsburg 

Boston ve. Indianapolis ... . 

BostoTi vs. PItteburg 

Washington vs. Delroit 

Philadelphia vb. Chicago 

New York vs. Indianapolis. 



Philadelphia vs. Chicago. 
Washington v*. De'roit... 
BoBton vb. Pittsburg 



Philadelphia vs. Chicago... 
New York vs. Indianapolis. 
Washington vs. Detroit 

New York vs. Ind anipoliB. 
Pnlladelphla vb. Clrcago.. 

Boston vs. Pittsburg 

New York vs. Washington. 

" Chicago 

Boston vs. Detroit 



Wixnixo Club 



Washington 



Chicago 

Detroit 

Boston 

Chicago. 
Indianapolis. 

Chicago 

Washington.. 
Philadelphia 



Detroit 

Pittsburg. . 
New York. 



Philadelphia. 
Boston 



Detroit 

Philadelphia. 
New York... 

Pittsburg 

Washington.. 
it 

Indianapolis. 
Ntw York... 

Chicago 

Detroit 

New York... 
Boston 



Detroit 

Philadelphia. 
New York... 



Chicago 

Detroit 

Plttsbnrg. ... 
Boston .... 

Chicago 

New York . . 
Detroit . 

Indianapolis 

' h'cago 

Pittsburg. ... 
Washington. 
New York... 
Detroit 



Runs 
ScoiiEr. 






4 
6 
5 

11 
8 
8 
5 
4 
9 

10 
4 
2 
5 
6 

11 
8 
li 
3 

n 

5 
3 

10 
3 
2 
9 
1 
5 
IS 
'J 
7 

19 

11 



RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES. 77 

record of championship games— Continued. 



Pate 

1SSS. 



June 8 
8 
9 
9 
!• 
9 
11 

r 
n 
n 
u 

12 
12 
12 
18 
18 
13 
H 
II 
IS 
15 
15 
15 
lli 
16 
16 
16 
18 
18 
18 
19 
IS) 
20 
UO 
21) 
211 
21 
21 
21 
21 
22 
22 
22 
28 
21 
23 
23 
2.-> 
25 



NAMES OP CONTESTANTS. 



WlKNIKG CLU1! 



Philadelphia vs .Pittsburg Philadelphia.. 

Washington vs. Indianapolis Indiat-apol s.. 



Phi adelphia vs. Pittsburg 

Boeton vs. Detroit 

New York vs. Chicago.. .. 



Boston vs. Detroit 

Philadelphia vs. Pittsburg.... 

Washington vs. Indianapolis.. 

<< •■ 

Philadelphia vs. Pittsburg 

New York vs. Chicago 

Boston vs. Detroit 

New York vs. Detroit 

Philadelphia vs. Indianapolis. 

Washington vs. Pittsburg 

New York vs. Detroit 

Philadelphia vs. Indianapoll*. 

New York vb, Detroit 

Philadelphia vs. Indianapolis 
Host on vs. Chicago. 



Philadelphia. 

Detroit 

Chicago 



Washington vs. Pittsburg '. Washington . 



New York vs. Detroit 

Philadelphia vs. Indianapolis. 
Boston vs . Chicago 



Boston 
Philadelphia. 
IndianapoliB . 
Washington .. 
Philadelphia 

Ch'cago 

Boston 

Detroit 

Philadelphia. 
Wash'ngton .. 
Now York . . . 
Philadelphia. 

Detroit 

Indianapolis.. 
Boeton. 



New York... 

Philadelphia. 

' Chicago 



" " Boston 

Washington vs. Philadelphia Washington... 

" " I Philadelphia.. 

Boston vs. New York Borton 

New York 

Washington.. 
PittBburg. ... 
Detroit 



Washington vs Philadelphia. 

Chicugo vs. Pittsburg 

Detroit vs. Indianapolis 



Washington vs. Philadelphia. 

Boston vs . New York 

Chicago vs. Pittsburg 

Boston vs. New York '.' "' 

Detrotvs. Indianapolis 



Chicago vs. Pittsburg 

Philadelphia vs. New York. 
Boston vs. Washington 



Philadelphia vs. yew York 



WaBhingt'. n. 

Boston .., 

Chicago 



New York. 
Detroit 



Chicago 

New York.... 

Boston 

Washington .. 
Philadelphia.. 



Runs 

•CORED. 



78 RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES. 

RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES — Continued. 



Date 

1888. 



June 25 

2! 



NAMES OF CONTESTANTS. 



Detroit vs. Chicago 

Indianapolis vb. Pittst>u:g. . 

Philadelphia vs. New York. 
Detroit vs. Chicago 



Philadelphia vs. New York. 
Boston vs. Washington 



New York vs. Washington. 
Philadelphia vs. II ston... 

Pittsburg vs. Chicago 

Indianapolis vs. Detroit.... 



July 



Pi tsbtirg vs. Chicago 

Philadelphia vs. Boston 

New Y r ork vs. Washington. 



Philadelphia vs. Boston. 

Pntsburg vs. Chicago..., 

Indianapolis vi. Detroit. 

" Bjston . 



Detroit vs. New York. 



Chicago vs. Philadelphia . 
1 Pittsburg vs. Washington. 



Chicago vs. Philadelphia 

Detroit vs. New York 

IndiaDapolis vs. Boston 

Indianapolis vb. Philadelphia. 

Pittsburg vs. Washington 

Pittsburg vs. New York 

Detroit vs. Washington 

Chicago vs. Boston 

Indianapolis ve. Philadelphia. 

Chicago vs. Bcstiri 

Detroit vs. Washington 



Chicago vs. Boston 

Pittsburg vs. New York 

Indianapolis vs. Philadelphia... 

Indianapolis vs. New York 

Detroit vb. Philadelphia 

Pittsburg vs. Boston 

Chicago vs. Washington 



WlNNIXO CLUB 



Detroit 

Pittsburg. ... 
Indianapolis. 
New York... 

Chicago 

Detroit 

Philadelphia. 
Boston 



New York 
Philadelphia. 

Chicago 

Detroit 

Indianapolis. 
Pittsburg. ... 
Philadelphia. 
New York... 
c< 

Pniladelphia. 

Chicago i 

Detroit 

Indianapolis. 

Boston 

New York .. 

Chicago 

Philadelphia 
Pittsburg. ... 
Wa«hington. 

Chi"ago 

Detroit 

Indianapolis. 

Pittsburg. ..', 
New York.., 
Washington.. 
Boston 
Indianapolis, 

Boston 

Washington. 

Detroit 

Chicago 

New York . . 
Philadelphia 
New York.. 

Detroit 

Pittsburg. .. 

Chicago 

Washington. 



KUN9 

Scored. 



a» 



RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES. 79 

RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES — Continued. 



Date 

18E8. 



Ju'y IS 

" 13 

" 18 

" 18 

" 18 

" 13 

" 18 

" U 

u j4 

" II 

•l u 

" 18 

" 16 

" ]<i 

» Hi 

" 11 

" 11 

" 11 

" 17 

" 18 

" 19 

■• lit 

« 19 

" 19 

•i 20 

" 20 

" 20 

" 20 

" 21 

" 21 

" 21 

" 21 

" 23 

'• 28 

,: 23 

" 23 

" 21 

" 24 

" 21 

" 21 

" 2J 

" 2!. 

" 25 

" 26 

" 26 

" 26 

" 26 

" 26 

li 27 



NAMES OF CONTESTANTS. 



indiauapolia vs. New York. , 
u it 

Chicago vs. Washington 

Pittsburg vs. BoBlon 

Detroit vs. Philadelphia 

Detroit vs. Boston 

Chicago vs. New York 

Pittsburg vs. Philadelphia. .. 
Indianapolis vs. Washington 

Pittsburg vs. Philadelphia ... 

Chicago vs. New York 

Detroit vs. Bo3ton 

u ii 

Indianapolis vs. Washington 

Chicago \a. New York 

Pi tsburg vs. Philadelphia.. 
Detroit vs. Chicago 

Indianapolis v . Pittsburg 

Philadelphia vs. New York. 
Washington vs. Boston 

Philadelphia vs. New York.. 

Detroit vs. Chicago 

Indianapolis vs. Pittsburg.. . 

Philadelphia vs New York.. 

Detroit vs. Chicago 

Washington vs. Boston 

New York vs. Boston 

Detroit vs. Pittsb'.irg 

Philadelphia vs. Washington 
Indianapolis vs. Chicago 
(i ii 

Detroit vs. Pittsburg .... 

New York vs. Boston 

Philadelphia vs. Washington 

Indianapolis /s. Chicago.. .. 

New York vs. Boston 

New York vs. Philadelphia . 

Boston vs. Washington 

Chicago vs. Detroit 

Pittsburg vs. Indianapolis . . . 



Winning Club 



Indianapolis 
New York.. 
Chicago.. .. 
Piltsburg. .. 

Detroit 



Tie 

Chicago 

Philadelphia 

Icdlacapolis 

ii 

Philadelphia 
New York.. 
Detroit 



Indianapolis 
New York.. 
Phi'adelphia 

Detroit 

Chicago 

Pittsburg. . . 
Philadelphia 
Washing on 

New York. 

Chicago 

Piltsburg. , 



New York. 
Detroit .. . 

Boston 

New York. 
Pittsburg. . 
Washington 
Indianapolis 
ii 

Detroit 



New York.. 
Washington. 

Indianapolis 
New York 



Washington 
Detroit.... 
Pittsburg. . 



Runs 
Scored. 



80 RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES. 

RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES — Continued. 



Datk 

1888. 



NAMES OF CONrESTANTS. 



Winning Club 



Runs 

ScolUD. 



July ~ 
'• 37 

" 28 
" 28 
" 28 



Aug, 



New York vs. Philadelphia... 
Chicago vs. Detroit 

Pittsburg vs. Indianapolis. .. . 

Boeton vs. Washington 

New York vs. Philadelphia. . . 
New York vs. Washington . . . 

Boston vs. Philadelphia 

Chicago vs. Pittsburg 

Detroit vs. Indianapolis 

New York vs. Washington.. 

Boston vs. Philadelphia 

ft *t 

Chicago vs. Pittsburg 

Detroit vs. Indianapolis 

New Yorkve. Washington 

Washington vs. Philadelphia 

Boston vs. New York 

Detroitvs. Pit'sburg 

Chicago vs. Indianapolis 

Boeton vs. New Yoi k 

Washington vs. Philadelphia 

Detroitvs. Pittsburg 

Chicago vs. Indianapolis.. .. 

Boston vs. New York 

New York vs.- Indianapolis.. 
Washington vs. Detroit 

New York vs. Indianapolis.... 

Philadelphia vs. Chicago 

B ston vs. PiltBburg 

ft tt 

New York vs. Indianapolis. . 

Philadelphia vs Chicago 

Philadelphia vs. Detroit 

Boston vs. Indianapolis 

New York vs. Pittsburg 

Washington vs. Chicago 

Boston vs. Indianapolis 

New Yoik vs. Pittsburg 

Philadelphia vs. Detroit 

Washington vs. Chicago 

New York vs. Pittsburg 

Boston vs. Indianapolis .. .. 



New York.. 

Detroit 

Chicago 

PittBburg. . 

Boston 

New York.. 
Washington. 
Philadelphia 
Pittsburg. .. 
Indianapoiis 

New York. 
Philadelphia 

Pittsburg. . . 
Indianapolis 
New York.. 
Washington 
New York. 
Pittsburg. . 
Chicago... . 



New York 
Philadelphia 



Pittsburg.. 

I Chicago 

New York 



Washington 

New York. 
Chicago.... 

Boston 

Tie 

New York. 
Philadelphi 



Boston.... 
New York. 
Washington 



Boston 

New York 
Philadelphia 



Chicago..: 
Pittsburg. 
Boston 



RECORD QF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES. 81 

record of championship games— Continued. 



Date 

1»!8. 



NAMES OP CONTESTANTS. 



New York vs. Chicago Tie 



Philadelphia va. Indianapoli' 
Washington vs. Pittsburg. 



Philadelphia vs. Indianapolis. 

Boston vs. Detioir 

New York vs. Chicago 



Boston vs. Detroit 

Philadelphia vs. Indianapolis. 
Washington vs. Pittsburg. 
Washington vs. Indianapolis.. 

New York vs. Detroit 

Boston vs. Chicago 

Philadelphia vs. Pittsburg .... 



Washington vb. Indianapolis. 



Boston vb. Chicago 

New York vs. Detroit 

Philadelphia vs. Pittsburg.. 
Philadelphia vs. BoBton 
Washington vs. New Y'ork. 

Pittrturg vs. Chicago 

Indianapolis va. Detroit — 



Pittslrarg vs. Chicago. 



Philadelphia vs. Boston 

Washington vb. New York. 

Washington va. Boston 

Philadelphia vs. New York. 

Detroit vs. Chicago 

Pittsburg vs. Indianapolis. 



Washington vs. Boston 

Detroit vs. Chicago 

Philadelphia vs. New York. 



Detroit vs. Chicago 

Pittsburg vb. Indianapolis. 



Washington vs. Boston . 

New York vs. Boston 

Detroit vb, Indianapolis. 
Chicago vs. Pittsburg... 



Runs 

SCORED. 



Winning Club 



Detroit vs. Indianapolis 



Philadelphia 
Pittsburg. .. 



Philadelphia 

Boston 

Chicago.... 



Boston 

Philadelphia 

Washington. 

New Y\rk.. 

Boston 

Pittsburg. .. 
Ph ladeipuia 
Indianapolis 
Washington 

Boston 

Ntw York. 
Pittsburg. . 

B:ston 

New York. 
Pittsburg. . 
Jndiaoapolis 
Detroit.... 
Chicago .. 
Pittsburg. 
Boston.. .. 
New York 
Washington 
Philadelphia 
Chicago.. 
Pittsburg 



Boston 

Chicago... 
New York 



Detroit.. 
Pittsburg 
Indianapolis 
Boston. .. 



Indianapolis 

Pittsbutg. 

Chicago.. 

PiltBtiurg 

Detroit.. 



eO 



*>2 RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES. 

RECORr of championship games — Continued. 



Date 

J8SS. 



NAMES OF CONTESTANTS 



Boston 

Philadelphia. 



Aug. 28 New York vs. Boston 

28 Washington vs. Philadelphia 

29 " " 

s 9[ New York vs. Boston ] Boston... 

2'.)j Chicago vs. Pittn burg ] Pittsburg 



R(1N6 

Scored. 



Winning CxuB M f 



21) Detroit vs. Indianapolis 

to Philadelphia vs. Washington. 

3' Boston vs. New. York 

80 Indianapolis vs. Chic go 



Sept 



Pittsburg vs. Detroit 
Philadelphia vs. Washington 

Boston vs. New York 

Indianapolis vs. Chicago.... - 



Philadelphia vs. Washington . . . 

Boston vs. New York 

PittsbuigTS. Detroit 



New York vs. Philadelphia 
Boston vs. Washington 



Chicago vs Detroit 

Indianapolis vs. PittBburg.... 



New York vs. Philadelphia 

Chicago vs. Detroit 

BoBton vs. Wasbirglon 



Chicago vs. Detroit- 

New York vs Philadelphia. 
Indianapolis vs. Pittsburg. 



Chicago vs. Detroit 

Chicago vs. Boston 

New Yorkvs. Infiianapolls. 



Pittsburg vs. Philadelphia. 

M «* 

Detroit vs. Washington. ... 
Chicago vs. Boston 



Detroit vs. Washington ... 
Pittsburg vs. Philadelphia. 

Indianapolis vs. New York. 
" Boston.... 

Detroit vs. Philadelphia ... 



Detroit. 
Pniladelphia. 

Boston 

Chicago 

Detroit 

Washington.. 
New York... 
Indianapolis. 

Philadelphia. 
New York... 
Pittsburg. ... 

Detroit ... 

Tie 

Boston 



Chicago 

Indianapolis. 
Pittsburg. . . . 



New York... 

Detroit 

Boston 



Chicago 

New York... 
IndianapoPe. 



Detroit 

Chicago 

New York. 



Pittsburg.... 
Philadelphia. 
Washington. . 

Detroit 

Chicago 



Detroit 

Pittsburg 

Philadelph'a. 
Indianapolis. 

Detroit .'.' 



RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES. 83 

RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES— Continued. 



Date 

1888. 



Sept. 11 

" 11 

" 12 

" 12 

■I u 

" 12 

" 13 

" IS 

" 13 

" 18 

II 14 

ll U 

'• 15 

" 15 

" IB 

II 17 

■i i 7 

" 18 

" IS 

•< 18 

" 18 

" 18 

" 18 

«' 19 

" 10 

" 19 

" 20 

" 20 

" 2 

" 20 

" 20 

" 21 

" 21 

" 21 

" 21 

" 21 

" 22 

** °2 

" 23 

" 22 

" 21 

" 24 

" 21 

" 21 

" 25 

" 25 

•' 25 

" 2J 

" 20 



NAMES OF CONTESTANTS. 



Chicago vb. New York 

Pittsburg vs. Washington .... 

Chicago vs. New York 

Detroit vs. Philadelphia..... 
Indianapolis ve . Boston 

Chicago vs. New York 

Detroit vs. Philadelphia 

Pittsburg vs. Washington.... 

Chicago vs. New York 

Detroit vs. Philadelphia 

Chicago vs. Philadelphia 

Indianapolis vs. Washington. 

Pittsburg vs. New York 

ii ii 

Detroit vs. Boston 

•i u 

Chicago vs. Philadelphia 

Indianapolis vs. Washington 

Pittsburg vs . New York 

Philadelphia vs. Chicago 

Detroit vb. Boston 

" New York 

Chicago vs. Washington 

Pittsburg vs. BoBton ... 
Indianapolis vs. Philadelphia 

Detroit vs. New York 

Pittsburg vs. Boston 

Chicigo vb. Washington 

*i ii 

Indianapolis vs. Philadelphia 

Detroit vb. New Y'ork 

Pittsburg vs. Boston 

" Detroit 

Washington vb. New York 

Boston vs. Philadelphia 

Chicago vs. Indianapolis 

Boston vs. Philadelphia 

A.M.— Pittsburg vs. Detroit.. 
P.M.— " " ... 



Winning Club 



Chicago 

Pittsburg.... 

Chicago* — 
Philadelphia 
Indianapolis 
Boston .. .. 

Chicago 

Detroit 

Pittsburg.... 

New York.. 

Philadelphia 

•i 

Indianapolis 

Pittsburg 

New York.. 

Detroit 

Boston 

ii 

Philadelphia 
Washington. 

New Y'ork.. 
Pittsburg.... 
Philadelphia 

Detroit 

New York... 
Chicago 

Boston 

Philadelphia 
ii 

Tie 

Pittsburg. ... 
Washington. 

Chicago 

ii 

Philadelphia. 

Detroit 

Boston 

Pittsburg 

New York... 

Boston 

Chicago 

Indianapolis. 
Philadelphia, 

Detroit 

Pittsburg ... 



Ktjns 
Scored. 



* Forfeited. 



84 RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES. 

RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES— Continued. 



Date 

188S. 



Sep*. 26 

,f 26 

" £6 

" 21 

" 2 Z 

" 27 

it cg6 

>> 2S 

' 28 

" 2* 

" 29 

" 2D 

" 29 

" 29 

Ocr. 1 

" 1 

" 1 

" a 

" 2 

" 2 

" 2 

" 3 

" 3 

" 3 

" 3 

il 4 

il 4 

ii 4 

" 4 

" 5 

" 5 

" 5 

" 5 

" 6 



NAMES OF CONTESTANTS. 



Chicago ve. Indianapolis... 

Washington ve. New York. . 

it ii 

New York ve. Washington. 
Boston vs. Philadelphia 



P.ttsburgvs. Indianapolis.. 
Washington " 

Philadelphia vs. Pittsburg. 

New York vs. Detroit 

Boston vs. Chicago 



New York vs. Detroit 

Philadelphia ve. Pittsburg 

Washington vs. Indianapolis 



New York vs. Detroit 

Philadelphia vs. Pittsburg. 



Boston vs. Chicago . 

New YorkvB. Detroit 

Washington vs. Indianapolis... 

" Pittsburg 

New York vs. Chictgo 

Philadelphia vs. Indianapolis. 
Boston vs. Detroit 



NewYorkvs. Chicago 

Philadelphia vs. Indianapo is. 
Washington ve. Pittsburg 



Boston vs. Indianapolis. 
Philadelphia vs Detroit. 



8 

9 

9 

9 

9, Washington vs. Chicago 
Hi Bo^t'in vs Indianapolis.... 
10 Philadelphia vs Detroit . 

10 NewYorkvs. Piteburg 
ll| u Indianapolis 

11 Philadelphia vs. Chicago.. 
11] Washington vs. Detroit.... 
11 Unstonvs. Pittsbnnr 



Winnino Club 



Chicago 
New Yo.k 



Boston . 



Pittsburg. ... 
Indianapolis. 

Pittsburg 

Tie 

Chicago 



Detroit 

Pittsburg. ... 
Tie ... 

Washington.. 
New York . . . 
Philadelphia. 



Chicago 

New Y'ork... 
Washington.. 
Pittsburg. ... 
New York... 
Philadelphia. 

Boston 

Detrot 

New Y'ork . . 
Philadelphia. 
Washington.. 
Pittsburg. ... 
New York... 
Boston. 



New York vs. Chicago 

Boston vs. Detroit 

Philadelphia vs. InciUnapclts Philadelphia 

Washington vs. Chicago Chicago 

Boston vs. Indianapolis Indianapolis. 

NewYorkvs Pittsburg Pittsburg 



Indianapolis. 

Detroit 

Chicaco 

Indianapolis. 
Philadelphia. 
New Y'ork... 
u 

Philadelphia. 
Washington.. 
Boston 



Runs 
Scored. 



51-2 

SO 



RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES. 
RECORD OF CHAMPIONSHIP GAMES — Continual. 



85 



Date 

lBfcS. 



Oct. 11 

" 18 

" 1:3 

" 13 

" 13 

" 13 

" 13 



NAMES OF CONTESTANTS. 



Boston vs. Pittsburg 

Washington vs. Detroit 

BoBton vs. Pittsburg 

New York vs. Indianapolis 
Phil delphla vs. Chicago.. 



Winning Club 


Kuns 
Scored. 


a 


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Philadelphia.. 


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GHAT'S 

Patent Body Protector. 

We now have the 
, sole agency for this 
most useful device 
ever Invented for the 
protection of catch- 
ers or umpires. This 
body p otector ren- 
ders it impossible 
for the catcher to be 
Injured while play- 
ing close to the bat- 
ter. It is made of 
best rubber and in- 
flated with air, and 
is very light and 
pliable, ancf does not 
interfere in any way 
with the movtment 
of ihe wearer, either 
in mnning,stooping 
or throwing. No 
catcher should be 
wii hout one of these 
protectors. When 
notin use the air can 
be kt out, and the 
protector i oiled in a 
very small space. 
No.o. Extra heavy 

professional. 

$10 oo 
No. i. S'andard 

Amateur.... $6 oo 

CATCHERS' 

UMPIRES- 
BREAST 

PROTECTOR. 

This supplies a 
lon_- t< It want for 
the protection of 
Catchers and Um- 
pires exposed to the 
swift underhand throwing. They are nicely made, well padded and quilted, 
and used by nearly all professional Catch. rs and Umpires. 

No. A Chamo*s an 1 Canvas Body Protector Si oo 

" B. Leather Body Protector 500 




CHICAGO 



A, 6. SPALDING & BROS, 



NEW YORK. 



Spalding's Base Balls. 



Each of following styles are put up in separate box, and sealtd. 

To Clubs 
Each. Per doz. 
Nd. i. Spalding's League Ball, as adopted by the Na- 
tional League; the finest b.ill made $1 BO $15 00 

No. iA. Spalding's Association Ball 1 25 13 CO 

No. iB. Spalding's Boy's League Ball, a first class 

ball for boys, made like our League 13.11 1 OJ 

No. 2. Spalding's Professional Dead Ball, white. 

The best dead ball t ver made 1 OU 

No. 3. Spalding's Amateur Dead Ball, wlute. Es- 
pecially adapted for school nim s, and for practice 

No. 3II. Spalding's Amateur Dead Bail, red 

No. XX. Spalding's Amateur Livh,y Ball, white. 
A first-class lively ball 



75 
75 



11 CO 



11 00 



8 53 
8 50 



75 



8 50 



All above balls are fully warranted. 



FINE HORSEHIBE COVER 50-CENT BALLS. 

No. 5. Spaltmng's King of the Diamond, white. 

Horsehide cover, regulation size 50 5 00 

No. 5B. Spalding's Boy's Professional Ball, white. 

Horsehide cover, junior tize ball 50 5 00 

HORSEHIDE COYER 25CEXT BALLS. 

No, 7. Spalding's Boy's Favorite. Regulation size 

and weight. Horsehide cover 25 2 75 

No 7B. Spalding's League Junior. Horsehide cover, 

junior size 25 fl 75 

REGULATION SIZE 20-CENT BALIS. 

Nn. S. Spalding's Eureka Ball, wh te. Regulation 

size and we ght 20 2 00 

No. 9. Spalmng's Rattler Ball, white. Nearly reg- 
ulation size 10 1 00 

No. qB. Spaldtng's Boy's Dead. An S-inch ball for 

boys 10 1 00 

THE BOSS JUYENILE 5-CENT BALL. 

No. 10. Spalding's Boss Ball, large size, 5 cent ball, 

best in the market 50 SO 

If you cannot obtain these balls of your locn I dealer send the price for 
s mple ball and we will mail free of all charges. 



CHICAGO 



I G. SPALDING & BROS, 



NPW YORK. 



Spalding's Ti<ade-IV[ai l ^ed Bafeg. 

Spalding's Trade-Marked bats were first introduced in 1877, an ^ tncv 
have gradually grown in popularity until now they are used almost exclu- 
sively by all prominent professional and amateur players. 

The demand for different styles and lengths of bats has changed as the 
batting and pitching rules have changed. Our models have changed so 
from year to year that bats cf the present are very different from fose of 
a few years since. We have adopted an entirely new set of models for 
iSS9, and each crate of our trade -marked bats has four different models and 
as many different lengths. 

All timber used in these bats is allowed to season from one to two 
years before being turned, and th; result is we are enabled to make much 
lighter and stronger bats than when timber is hastily " kiln-dried," as done 
by all manufacturers of cheap goods. 

Each bat is turned by hand, and when found to answer all the require- 
ments as to shape, size, weight an.1 soundness, the trade-mark is staim-d 
on each bat to insure its genuineness. Each and every one of our trade 
marked bats, after it is completed, is carefully weighed, and the weight in 
ounces stamped under the trade-mark. 

The success and popularity < 1 these bats, which is due to the great 
care taken in their manufacture, has brought out many cheap imitations, 
and we would caution the trade \o see that the Spalding trade-mark is 
stamped on each bat. The special attention of professional players is 
called to our new " Wagon Tongue Brand " No. 3-0 Bat. 

PRICES. 

No. 3-0.— Spalding's Special Black End "Wagon To Clubs 
Toxgue"Bav. This is a new special quality Bat, Each. Per doz. 
selected and manufactured with more care than 
any bat made. Nothing but the very best clear 
second growth thoroughly seasoned ash is used. 
The bats are turned to special models as used by 
the leading League batters. Oriental Finis ft^ which 
is very durable, and gives a pleisant firm hold for 
the hands. Each bat carefully weighed, and trade- 
marked, and inclosed in a strong paper bag $1 00 10 GO 

No. 3-0.— Spalding's Special, Black Band League 
Bat, made out of the choicest selected second 
growth white ash. Each bat is carefully weighed 
;ind the weight in ounces stamped under the Trade- 
mark; they are lathe polished and finished in the 
highest possible manner, and we guarantee it to be 
superior to any bat made by other manufacturers. 
Granulated handle, incased in a strong paper bag.. 7 i 7 50 

No. 0.— Spalding's Black Band League Bat, made 
from selected straight grained white ash; highly 
polished. Each bat incased in strong paper bag ; 
and the weight stamped vinder trade-mark CO 5 5D 

No. 1.— Spalding's Trade-Marked Ash Bat-, m3de on 
four different models; finished with three coats of 
best shellac, and lathe polished. Each bat has the 
weight stamped under Tride-mark 25 3 00 



CHICAGO. 



A. G. SPALDING & BROS, 



NEW YORK. 



SPAEDING'S EIGIITWt>OD BATS. 

We wish to call the attention of the trade to the elegant manner in 
which we are finishing- our lightwood bats; we have entirely changed the 
style and finish of ti.ese bats in a way that is sure to win the approval of 
players. 

No. 3.— Spalding's Black Band Basswood Bat, is made To Clubs 

from selected tmber. Each bat has weight stamped Each. Per doz. 
under Trademark, and isfinished inelegant manner; 

incased in strong paper bag $ 30 $ 3 00 

No. 4. — Spalding's Black Band Wii low Bat, highly 
finished. Each bat has weight stamped under 
Trade-mark, and is guaranteed to be the best light 
wood bat made ; incased in strong paper bag 60 5 60 

SPALDING'S TRADE-MARKED 
BOYS' BATS. 

The demand among the younger generation for a Trade-marked Spald- 
ing bat has been so great that we have taken great pains in yetting out a 
li .e of bats for the boys as near as possible like the men's in shape, qual- 
ity and general appearance. 

No. OB.— Spalding's Black Band Trade-Marked To Clubs 

Boy's Ask Bat. This bat is highly finislud m.de Each. Per doz. 
from selected limbtr, and finished in same manner 
as our No. oobat stamped weight ; incased in paper 

bag, 30-34 inches $ 30 $ 3 00 

No. IB —Spalding's Trade-Marked Boy's Ash Bat, 

finished same style as No. 1 ; 2S to 30 in 35 2 50 

No. 3B. — Spalding's Trade-Marked Boys' Basswood 
Bat, made after same models as our No. 3 bat, only 
proportionately smaller; nicely finish. d ; 2S to 32 
inches 25 2 50 

SPAULHXO'S TRADE-MARKED 
FANCY BATS. 

Owing to large demand for fancy bats, three years ago we placed on 
the market our line of Trade-marked Fancy bats, which are superior in 
every way to any line of fancy bats ever offered to the trade. 
No. AA.. — Spalding's Trade-Marked Fancy Ash Bat, To Clubs 

mahogany finish, with white band Trade-mark ; Each. Per doz. 

granulated handle ; stamped weight ; incased in 

strong paper bag $ 76 $7 50 

No. BB. — Spalding's Trade-Makked Fancy Basswood 

Bat, same finish as the above 75 7 50 

POLISHED, STAINED AND PEAIN RATS. 

Eich. Per doz. 

No. SI —Polished Ash Bats, for men $85 $ B BO 

No. 24.— Polishkd American Willow Bats, for men.. . 25 3 60 

No. 50.— IJosewood Finish Men's Bats, Gilt B mil 35 3 00 

No. 50 B.— Rosewood Finish Boys' Bats, Gilt Band 20 a 00 

No. 53— Polished Maple, Colored Band, Youths, 30-53 

inch 10 120 

No. 50. — Stained and Polished Maple, Black Handle, 

Youths' 30-32 inch 10 120 

No. 64.— Boys' Maple, Colored Band, 26-2S inch 05 eo 

If you cannot obtain these bats from your local dealer send your order 
direct to us. 



i.G.SPALDING&BROS. 



chicaoo. a. u. arALmnb a dhu&. nfw york. 



Spalding's Trade-Marked Catchers' Mask. 

The suit for infringement on Catchers' Masks brought against us by 
F. W. Thayer of Boston was, after a two yt ars* litigation, decided against 
us in the U. S. District Court, and in settlement for back damages we 
arranged to protect air of our customers. 

Ball players and dealers in Base Ball Goods are cautioned against 
buying any Catchers' Masks unless made under license from Thayer, and 
plainly stamped ** Manufactured under Thayer's Patent." 

At present it would be considered unsafe and even dangerous for a 
catcher to face the swift underhand throwing of the present day unless 
protected by a reliable mask. The increased demand for these goods has 
brought manufacturers into the field who, having no reputation to sustain, 
have vied with each other to see how cheaply they could make a so-called 
mask, and in consequence have ignored the essential qualification, strength. 
A cheaply made, inferior quality of mask is much worse than no protection 
at all, for a broken wire, or one that wi 1 not stand the force of the ball 
without caving in, is liable to disfigure a player for life. Our trade marked 
masks are made of the very best hard wire, plated to prevent rusting, and 
well trimmed, and every one is a thorough face protector. We make them 
in four grade s, a s described below: 

Biware of counterfeits. None genuine with- 
out our trade-mark stamped on each mask. 





No. 3-0 Mask. No. 2-0 Mask. 

No. 3-0. Spalding's New Patented Neck-Protecting Mask. 
This mask has a peculiar shaped extension at the bottom which 
affords the same protection to the neck as the mask dojs to the 
face. It does not interfere in the slightest degree with the free 
movement of the head, and is the only mask made which affords 
perfect protection to a citcher. The entire mask is constructed 
of the best hardened wire, extra heavy padded with goat hair, 
and the padding faced with the best imported dogskin, which is 
impervious to perspiration, and alwavs soft and pliable, each.. $4 

No. 3-0. Spalding s Special League Mask, used by all leading 
professional catchers, extra heavy wire, well pidded with goat 
hair, and the padding faced with the best imported dngskin, 
which is impervious to perspiration, and retains its pliab.lity 
and softness 3 50 



00 



CHICAGO 



A. 6. SPALDING & BROS. 



NEW YORK. 



— 



SPALDING'S TRADE-MARKED CATCHER'S MASKS —Continued. 

No. 1*0. Spaldixg's Regulation Leagl'e Mask, made of heavy 
wire, well padded and faced with horsehide, warranted first- 
class in every lespect $3 00 

No. 1. Spalding's Boys' League Mask, made of heavy wire, 
equally as heavy in proportion to size as the No. 2-0 mask. 
It is made to fit a boy's face, and gives the same protection as 
the League Mask 2 BO 

AMATEUR MASKS. 

To meet the demand for good masks at a low 
price, we have manufactured a line of amateur 
masks, which is superior to any ma*k in the 
market at the same price. We do not guarantee 
these masks, and believe that ourTrade-Marked 
Masks are worth more than the d.fference in 
price. 

No. A* Amateur Mask, made the same 
size and general style as the League 
Mask, but with lighter wire, and faced 
with leather. (We guarantee this mask 
to be superior to so-called League or 
professional masks sold by other manu- 
facturers $1 75 

No. B. Boys 1 Amateur Mask, similar 
to .No. A Mask, only made smiller to fit 
Amateur Mask. a boy's face 1 50 

Any of the above masks mailed post-paid on receipt of price. 

SPALDING'S PATENT CELLULOID UMPIRE INDICATOR, 





As shown in the above cut, is intended for the use of Base Ball Umpiiies 
and Scorers to keeptally of the number of Strikes and Balls that may be 
called. The illustration, which represents the exact size of the Indicator, 
gives a good idea of its construction and mode of handling. It can be 
easily operated by the thumb or finger'while held in the pa'm of the hand. 
It has been highly recommended by all League and Association umpires 
who have seen it. 

Price, each 50c 

By mail postpaid on receipt of r.rue. 



CHICAGO. 



A. 6. SPALDING & BROS, n 



EW YORK. 



CATCHERS' GLOYES. 

Spalding's Trade-Marked Catchers' Gloves. 

After considerable expense and many experiments we have 
finally perfected a Catcher's Glove that meets with general fa- 
vor from professional catchers. 

The old style of open backed gloves introduced by us sever- 
al years ago is still adhered to, but the quality of material at d 
workmanship has been materially improved, until now we are 
justified in claiming the best line of catchers' gloves in the 
market. These gloves do not interfere with throwing, can be 
easily put on and taken off", and no player subject to sore hands 
should be without a pair. Our new patent seamless palm glove 
is admittedly the finest glove ever made, and is used by all pro- 
fessional catchers. We make them in ten different grades, as 
follows: 

Price of Full Left-Hand Gloves. 
No. 3-0. Spalding's Special 
League Catchers' Gloves. 
Patented, both gloves with- 
out seams in palm. Full 
left-hand back stop glove, 
made of heaviest Indian- 
tanned or drab buckskin, the 
very best that can be pro- 

Sg duced. The full left-hand 
^•^ glove is extra padded and 
sole leather finger tips to 
prevent the low curve balls 
from breaking or otherwise 
injuring the fingers. The 
right-hand glove is made with open back and finger- 
less, thoroughly padded. We especially recom- 
mend this glove for catchers. Each pair packed in 

separate box $5 °° 

No. 4-0. Spalding's Special League Catchers' or Field- 
ers' Gloves, full left-hand soft-tips, lined, drab color 

buckskin S °° 

No. 2-0. Spalding's League Regulation Catchers' Gloves 
full left-hand, with tips, good quality buckskin, same 

style of gloves as 3-0, not quite so heavy 3 50 

No. 3. A. Full left-hand "Spring Buck" with sole leather 

tips 300 

No. A. Full left-hand buckskin without tips 250 

No. AA. Full left-hand oiled tan sheepskin, without 

tips 1 25 




CHICAGO 



A. 6. SPALDING & BROS. 



NHW YORK. 



IRWIN'S GLOVES. 

WE HAVE BEEN MADE SOLE AGENTS FOR THESE GLOVES. 

25. Irwin's CeKbrated Catchers' Gloves $5 03 



No, 
No. 25 A 



No. 
No 



XX. 
X. 



" " Infielder's " 3 50 

INFIELBER9' GLOVES. 

Spalding's Drab Buck Inficlders' Gloves 2 50 



White 
BASE BALL FINGERLESS GLOVES 

OPEN BACK- 

A/V 



L% u :] 



L 




No. to, Spald- 
ing's League 



No. 



Cat'hrs Gloves 
made of extra 
heavy Indian- 
tanned buck, 
and caiefully 
selected with 
special re fe r- 
e n c e to the 
hard service re- 



No. 



-o Glove. 

quired of them, open back, both hands fingerkss, well 
padded, and fully warranted. We especially recom- 
mend this glove for catchers 2 

1 Spalding's Professional Gloves, made of Indian- 
tanned buckskin, open back, well padded, but not quite 

as heavy as the No. o 2 

No. B. Spald- 
ing's Amateur 
Gloves, made 
>k of buckskin, 
f open back, well 
padded and 
adapted for am- 
ateur players. I 
No. C. Spald- 
ing's Practice 
Gloves, made 







and F. 



5° 



5° 



of buckskin, open back, well padded 1 00 

No. D. Open back, a good glove at the price, made cf 

light material 7i 

No. E. Boy's size, cheap open back glove 50 

No. F. Youth's size, cheap cpen back glove 25 

[t^~Any of the above Gloves mailed postpaid on receipt 
of price. In ordering, please give size of ordinary dress glove 
usually worn. 

CH.CACQ. A. G. SPALDING & BROS, avomc 




Spall 

Aftej 
finally ] 
vor f roi 
Th 
al year 
workm 
justifies 
market, 
easily r 
should 
is admi! 
fessionaj 
follows:; 



CHICX 



SPALDING'S SPECIAL HAND MADE KANGAROO BALL SHOE. 

IMPROVED FOB, J.889. * 




No. 2 0, - Price, $7.00. 

WE now have on the third floor of our New York store a thoroughly- 
equipped Shoe Factory for the manufacture oi fine Base Ball and Ath- 
letic Shoes. This department of our business is under the immediate 
charge and supervision of Wm. Dowling, who for several years past has 
enjoyed the reputation of being- the leading maker of Athletic Shoes in 
New York. We employ in this department the most skilful workmen, 
and use only the very best material, and are prepared to take special orders 
and make a special last for professional players. 

The special attention of Ball players is called to our new genuine 
Kangaroo Base Ball Shoe. 

The above cut represents this Shoe, which is made from selected gen- 
uine Kangaroo skin, alt hand sewed, slipper heel, cut low in front, and 
wide, so they can be laced tight or loose as the player likes. 

Each pair is provided with porpoise laces, and the whole Shoe made 
with reference to comfort and the hard us-'ge required of it. 

Our new Hand Forged Shoe Plates — for toe and heel — will be riveted 
on when required, without additional expense. 

HOW TO MEASURE. 

MEASUREMENT BLANKS will be 
furnished on application, or a player can 
take a piece of manilla paper of sufficient 
size, and by following the directions herein 
given, can take his own measure. 

Place the foot flat on the paper, and with 
a pencil draw around the foot close to it. 
Then take other measurements as shown 

\m_ I ANKLE i n the cut. 

\ ''•<. LEFT FOOT. 

IheeL Ankle Inches. 

Heei " 

IN8TEP Instep " 

Ball " 

Ball Players will bear in 

mind that we make a special 

last for each man, which 

Jgtwill be kept for future use. 

-— | Satisfaction both as to fit and 

I qualify of shoe guaranteed. 

ch.caoo. A. G. SPALDING & BROS, nbwvqrk. 




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