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Full text of "Constitution and playing rules of the National league and American association of professional base ball clubs"

■a 



n 






1900 
CONSTITUTION 



AND 



Playing Rules 



ok thi; 



NATIONAL LEAGUE 

AM) 

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION 
OP 

Pri n i ssional Base Ball Clubs 



h:ation 






i ljy 

A. G. SPALDING & BROS. 



CONSTITUTION 

OF THIC 

National League and American Association 

OF 

Professional Base Ball Clubs 
\ 900 

NAME. 

Section i. (i) This Association shall be called the 
National League and American Association of Profes- 
sional Base Ball Clubs. 

objects. 

Sec. 2. The objects of this League are: 

(i) To perpetuate base ball as the National game of the 
United States, and to surround it with such safeguards as 
to warrant absolute public confidence in its integrity and 
methods. 

(2) To protect and promote the mutual interests of pro- 
fessional base ball clubs and professional base ball players, 
and 

(3) To establish and regulate the professional base ball 
championship of the United States. 

membership. 
Sec. 3. This League shall consist of twelve clubs (the 
membership of which shall not In- increased or diminished 
for a period of ten years) located in the following named 
cities, to wit: Boston, New York, Brooklyn, Philadelphia, 
Baltimore, Washington, Pittsburg, Cincinnati. St. Louis. 
Louisville, Cleveland and Chicago; or such other clubs as 
may, from time to time, be elected to membership, as may 
be hereinafter provided for; but in no event shall there In- 
more than one club in any city. 

WITHDRAWAL FROM MEMBERSHIP. 

Sec. 4. Any club member of this League finding itself 
unable to meet the obligations it has assumed, shall have 
the right to ask the League for permission to dispose of its 



4 CONSTITUTION. 

rights and franchises, as a member of the League, to some 
other city or organization. In the event of this I. 
giving its consent to the acceptance of such city or organi- 
zation to membership, providing said club shall assumi 
gether with the rights and fra ring club, 

all the liabilities, responsibilities and obligations entered 
into by said retiring club, as a member of this League. 
Provided, also, and it must be so understood by the retir- 
ing and the new member, that the retiring club shall not 
be relieved or released from any contracts, responsibilities 
or obligations, entered into by it to this League, until all 
of said contracts, responsibilities and obligations have been 
fully paid and determined by the club accepting its mem- 
bership, rights, franchises, etc. 

ADMISSION TO MEMBERSHIP. 

Sec. 5. No club shall be admitted to membership unless - 
11 tirst have delivered to the Secretary of the League 
a written application sign and Secretary, 

and accompanied by documents showing that such club 
bears the name of the city in which it is located, and thai 
it is regularly organized and officered, and, where the 
law permits it, chartered. Such application shall at once 
be transmitted by the Secretary to the Hoard of Directors, 
who shall immediately investigate and report upon said ap- 
plication, said report to be communicated to the I.< 
through the Secretary. 

Sec. 6. The voting upon an application for membership 
shall be by ballot, a three-fourths vote being requisn 
election. 

IN REGARD TO VACANCIES. 

Sec. 7. In case a vacancy occurs in the membership of 
tins organization during the championship season, the I 
dent shall nominate to all the clubs all applicants for mem- 
bership; and the vote thereon may be taken by telegraph 
or mail, as occasion may require, and a majority of all the 
clubs will be required to admit any applicant to mei 
ship. Such membership, however, shall continue only until 
the next annual meeting, but such club shall be sub]l 
all the rules and requirements of this organization. 
TERMINATION ol- MEMBERSHIP. 

8. The membership of any club may be terminal 

( 1 ) By resignation dulj 1 by a three-fourths 

of all clubs in meeting duly convened, as providl 

tion 4. 



CONST1TI ! 5 

(2) By failure to present its nine at the time and place 

play any championship game, unless caused 
by unavoidable accident in traveling. 

(3) By allowing open betting or pool selling upon its 
grounds or in any building owned or occupied by it. 

(4) By playing any game of ball with a club that is dis- 
qualified or ineligible under this Constitution. 

(5) By offering, agreeing, conspiring or attempting to 
lose any game of ball; or failing to immediately expel any 
player who shall be proven guilty of offering, agreeing, 
conspiring or attempting to lose any game of ball, or of 
being interested in any pool or wager thereon. 

(6) By disbandment of its organization or club team 
during the championship sea 

(7) By failing or refusing to fulfill its contractual obliga- 
tions. 

(8) By failing or refusing to comply with any lawful re- 
quirement of the Board of Directors. 

By wilfully violating any provision of this Constitu- 
or the legislation or playing rules made in put'-! 
thereof, or any violation of the provisions of the National 
Agreement. 

TIIK EXPULSION OF CLUBS. 

Sec 9. To carry into effect the provisions of Section 8 of 
this Constitution, the facts in any case covered by such sec- 
tion must be reported to the Secretary of tin- League, who 
shall at once notify, by mail or telegraph, the party charged 
with the specified default or offense and inquire whether 
any dispute exists as to the facts alleged. In case the facts 
are disputed, the Hoard shall, after due notice, try tie 
under such regulat ti hey may prescribe; and their 

finding shall be final and elusive On all parties except in 

case of expulsion, when such finding shall be forward' 
each club, which shall transmit to the Secretary written 

ballots "For Expulsion" or Expulsion ; and if 

all clubs vote "for Expulsion" the Secretary shall notify 
all clubs of the forfeiture of membership of the party 
charged. 

AM) ASSKSSMENTS. 

Sec. 10. (1) Each club shall pay to the Secretary, on or 
before the first day of April of each year, the sum of $100 
as annual dues; and such other sums as from time to time 
id for the payment of salaries of officers and 
umpil 'ch other expenses as may be incurred 

by order of this League or the Board of Directors. Also 



CONSTITUTION. 



all fines and penalties imposed by said League or its Board 
of Directors upon ;i club or upon any cluli player, 

manager, scorer, or other employe when SO levied and im- 
posed by virtue of, and in accordance with, the provisions 
of this Constitution and the playing rules of this League. 

(2) Upon conviction of any of the offenses prescribed in 
Section 8. as causes for expulsion, the Board of Directors 
may. in the first instance, as a preliminary to. or in lieu of 
expulsion, impose such a fine as is in their judgment 1 
mensurate with the injury: which line may include a pen- 
alty payable to any other club or clubs, as an equivalent 
for damages sustained for such violation of this Constitu- 
tion, or of the legislation or contracts made in pursuance 
thereof. 

OFFICERS. 

Sec. 11. At its annual meeting the League shail elect a 
President- Secretary-Treasurer and Board of Dire 

The President shall liairman of the Board of 

Directors. He shall report to the Hoard of Directors any 
violation of the provisions of this Constitution that may 
come to his knowledge, lie shall be the sole inter; , 
<ij the playing, rules (luring the championship season. lie 
shall preside at all the meetings of the League, and at the 
annual meeting of the League shall act as a schedule com- 
mittee, unless said meeting shall otherwise direct. 

Should the office of President become vacant by death, 
resignation, or removal, the Board of Directors shall, within 
thirty days thereafter, elect a President. 

THE secretary's DUTIES. 

Sec. 12. The Secretary shall be the Treasurer of the 
League, and as such shall be the custodian of all funds of 
the League; receive all dues, fees and make 

such payments, as shall be ordered by the Board or by the 
vote of the Let r annually a report of his ac- 

counts; and he shall give such bond, with approved 

quire. 

the custody and cat 
rid papers of I 1 all keep a 

true record of all meetings of the League and the Board; 

shall issue all official notices, and attend to thi 

pondence; he shall also prepare and furnish such re- 
as may be called for by the Hoard, and shall b< 

titled to such books, stationery, blanks and materials as the 

actual duties of his office may require. 



CONSTITUTION. 



Sec. 14. The Secretary shall keep a record of all infrac- 
tions of the rules and regulations of the League that may 
come under his notice, and shall make a report on the 
to the Board at its next meeting. 

Sec. 15. The Secretary shall receive such salary a 
Board, by vote, shall determine, and shall be reimbursed 
for all traveling expenses actually incurred by him in the 

service of the League; and the Hoard may exact from him 
such guarantees for the faithful performance of his duties 
as they would deem for the interest and safety of the 
League. At the expiration of his term of office he shall ac- 
count for. and deliver up to the Board, all the property and 
papers which may have come into his hands by virtue of 
his office. 

Sec. 16. The Board of Directors shall consist of the 
lent and six other members, to be chosen at the an- 
nual meeting by ballot, three of whom shall represent the 
■ru clubs and three the Western clubs. 
SEC 17. in case of vacancy in the Board by reason of the 
death, resignation, absence, or disqualification of any Di- 
rector, the cluh of which he was a member, at the time be 
was chosen, shall designate his successor, and at once 
notify the Secretary, But if such vacancy is caused by the 
withdrawal, disbanding, or disqualification of a club repre 
:d on the Board, the Board may till the vacan; 
ton in the sam< mann< t as provided for the election of 
tors in Section 12. 

QUALIFICATIONS OF DIRECTORS. 
SEC 18. No person shall be qualified to act as Din 
who is not an actual member of the club he represents; nor 
shall any club, under any circumstances, be represented by 
more than one person OH the Board of Directors, nor shall 
any Director sit in the trial of a cause in which his club is 
interi 
Sec i'j. The Board ihallmeet annually on the morning oi 

the second Tuesday in December, at 12 o'clock noon, at the 

where the annual meeting oi the League is to be held. 
but may hold Special meetings whenever urgent neo 
may require. 

SEC 20. The Board shall ->repare a detailed report of all 
their doings, ami present the same in writing to th< 

at its annual meeting; which report shall, if accepted, be 
tiled with the Seen I with all official p 

document^ and property, which may have come into their 
sion by \ trtue of their office. 



I 



CONSTITUTION. 



Sec. 21. The Board shall have a general supervision and 
management of all the affairs and business of the League, 
including the award of the championship and such other 
duties expressedly or impliedly conferred upon them by 
this Constitution, or by legislation made in pursuance 
thereof. It shall be the sole and exclusive tribunal for the 
trial of managers or players for any violation of this Con- 
stitution or of the playing rules or other rules of discipline, 
unless the League, by a three-fourths vote of its club mem- 
bership, shall otherwise direct. It shall be the sole and ex- 
clusive tribunal to hear and determine disputes between 
clubs ; complaints by a club against the manager or player 
of another club, or by a manager or player against his own 
club, or an appeal by a player against fine, suspension 01 
expulsion by his own club, and generally for the adjudica- 
tion of all issues of law or fact arising out of this Con- 
stitution ; the Playing Rules and other legislation made in 
pursuance thereof. 

Sec. 22. The Board shall adopt such regulations, and 
such rules of procedure for the hearing and determination 
of all disputes and complaints brought before them. 
Where such dispute is in relation to a game alleged to have 
been played in violation of this Constitution or of the Play- 
ing Rules, the complaint and accompanying proofs must be 
filed within five days after the date of said game with the 
President of the Board, who shall send a copy of the same 
to the other clubs, with orders to file its answer within five 
days thereafter. The President of the Board shall in the 
first instance decide the dispute on its merits and forthwith 
communicate his decision to both clubs, either of which may 
within five days appeal from said decision to the full Board. 
Said decision, together with all other documents and proofs, 
shall thereupon be transmitted for a mail vote to the differ- 
ent members of the Board. The finding of the Board shall 
be final, and under no circumstances shall be reconsidered, 
reopened or inquired into, cither by the League or any sub- 
sequent Board. 

Sec. 23. The Board shall at once consider any complaint 
preferred by a club against a manager or player of another 
club (prior to the expiration of the championship season) 
for conduct in violation of any provision of this Constitu- 
tion, or prejudicial to the good repute of the game ol 
hall ; and shall have power to require the club, to which 
such player or manager may belong, to discipline him, and 
upon repetition of such offense to expel him. Provided 



CONSTITUTION. 



that such complaint be preferred in writing, giving such 
particulars as may enable the Hoard to ascertain all the 
facts, and such particulars shall be transmitted to the 
Secretary, by whom it shall at once be referred to the 
Board. 

Sec. 24. In case a player, under contract with a League 
club, shall, during a current season, prefer a complaint in 
writing to the Secretary of the League against such a club, 
alleging that such club is in arrears to him for salary for 
more than fifteen days after such salary became due on ac- 
count of such contract, the Secretary shall at once transmit 
to the said club a copy of such complaint, and require an 
answer thereto. On receipt of such answer, or if five days 
shall have elapsed without the receipt of an answer, the 
Secretary shall refer the papers in the case to the Board of 
Directors, and should the Hoard find the player's complaint 
sustained, they shall require the club, under penalty of for- 
feiture of its membership, to pay to the player forthwith 
the full amount ascertained to lie due hint. Provided that 
should the player refuse to serve the club pending action 
by the Board on his complaint, he will thereby forfeit the 
benefits of the award, and in such case the Board shall re- 
voke his award. 

Sec. 25. The Board shall promptly hear an appeal made 
by any person who shall have been expelled, suspended, or 
disciplined by his club. Such person shall, within thirty 
days after the date of the expulsion, suspension, or dis- 
cipline, file with the Secretary a written statement of his 
defense, accompanied by a request that an appeal be al- 
lowed him. The Secretary shall notify the club of the re- 
quest for an appeal, accompanying such notice with a copy 
of the appeal : and at the next meeting of the Board the 
club, by its duly authorized representative; and the appel- 
lant in person, by attorney or by written statement, shall 
appear before the Board with their testimony. The Board 
shall impartially hear the matter and render their decision, 
which shall be final and forever binding on both club and 
player. 

Sec. 26. The Board shall have authority to impose any 
just fine or pecuniary penalty on a club, a manager or a 
player, if warranted by their findings and decisions, and 
they may impose the expenses of trials and hearings on one 
or both parties to the controversy. lint such fine, penalty 
and expenses may be remitted by a three-fourths vote of 
the League upon appeal duly made and heard at an annual 
or special meeting. 



IO 



CONSTITUTION. 



INDIVIDUAL CLUB CONTROL. 

Sec. 27. Each club shall have the right to regulate its 
own affairs; to establish its own rules, and to discipline, 
punish, suspend or expel its own manager, players or other 
employes, and these powers shall not be limited to cases of 
dishonest play or open insubordination; but shall include 
all questions of carelessness, indifference or other conduct 
of the player that may be regarded by the club as preju- 
dicial to its interests, and not in conflict with any pro- 
vision of this Constitution; or the Playing Rules of this 
League. 

PUNISHMENT OF SCANDALOUS CONDUCT. 

Sec 28. The President of the League shall have power, 
upon proper proof, to suspend for a definite period and to 
impose a fine not exceeding $200 upon any League man- 
ager or player guilty, in public, of gross misbehavior, in- 
cluding intoxication, fighting, quarreling, indecency, or 
other scandalous conduct, whether on or off the playing 
field, during the season, where the same is, in his opinion, 
calculated to bring disrepute upon the National League or 
National Game. Such fine can only be remitted by the 
Board of Directors after a hearing upon appeal duly prose- 
cuted. 

CLUB TERRITORIAL RIGHTS. 

Sec 29. Every club of this League shall have exclusive 
control of the city in which it is located, and of the terri- 
tory surrounding such city, to the extent of five miles in 
every direction from its corporate limits ; and no visiting 
League club shall, under any circumstances, be allowed to 
play any club in such territory other than the League club 
therein located, without the consent of the local League 
club. 

on reservation of players. 

Sec 30. Each club a member of this League shall be en- 
titled to the right of reservation. On or before the 30th 
day of September in each year each club shall transmit to 
the Secretary a reserve list of the players, not exceeding 
eighteen, whose services it desires to retain for the ensuing 
season, and who are then under contract to the said club 
for the current or for any succeeding season or seasons ; 
and in addition thereto the names of such players reserved 
in any prior annual list who have refused to contract with 
said club. Such players, together with all others there- 
after to be regularly contracted with, namely; players who 



CONSTITUTION. II 

have been secured by purchase or draft under the National 
Agreement for future services shall be ineligible to contract 
with any other club in this League except as hereinafter 
provided. No club shall have the right to reserve any 
[•layer when in arrears of salary to him. The Secretary 
shall promulgate such lists. 

NEGOTIATING FOR SERVICES. 

Sec. 31. No player, without the consent of the club with 
which he is under contract or reservation, shall enter into 
negotiations with any other club for future services. 

CONTRACTS. 

Sec. 32. Contracts made between a club and its players 
may be either by telegram or writing, to be followed within 
thirty days thereafter by a contract in the form approved 
and promulgated by the Secretary to all the clubs of the 
League. 

Sec. 33. The League shall adopt such form of contract as 
it may deem best for the protection of the rights of the 
parties thereto. All contracts must be approved by the 
Secretary, and duly promulgated by him. The ten days' 
release, provided for in the seventeenth paragraph of the 
League form of contract, shall begin to run from the time 
of notice thereof received by the Secretary of the League, 
who shall, at once, promulgate the same to all club mem- 
bers. At the expiration of said ten days the player, so re- 
leased, shall be eligible to contract with the releasing club, 
or any other club member. 

SUSPENSION AND EXPULSION OF PLAYERS. 

Sec. 34. Any player, while under contract with, or reser- 
vation by, a League club, who shall, without the consent of 
such club, enter the service of any other club in any ca- 
pacity, shall be liable to expulsion by said League club. 
Whenever a club releases a manager or player without no- 
tice, or gives him ten days' notice of release in accordance 
with the terms of his contract, or suspends or expels a 
manager or player, that club shall at once notify the Secre- 
tary of this League, stating, in case of release, the date 
when the same takes effect, and in case of suspension or 
expulsion, the cause thereof. 

Sec. 35. No manager or player, who has been suspended 
or expelled from a League club, shall at any time thereafter 
be allowed to play with, or serve in any capacity, any 



12 



CONSTITUTION. 



League club (either the one expelling him or any other) 
unless the term of suspension by the club has expired, or, 
upon his appeal to this League, such expulsion or suspen- 
sion shall have been set aside. 

EFFECT OF CLUB DISBANDMENT. 

Sec. 36. The disbandtnent of a League club, or its with- 
drawal from or loss of League membership, shall operate 
as a release of its players from contract and reservation 
with said club, but the right to contract with and reserve 
said players shall be subject to transfer to such other club 
as the League may designate after acceptance of their said 
services. 

PLAYING WITH OUTSIDE CLUBS. 

Sec. 37. No game of base ball shall be played between a 
League club and any other club that has been expelled from 
membership in this League. No game of ball shall be 
played between a League club and any other club employing 
or presenting in its nine a player expelled, or under sus- 
pension from the League, or otherwise rendered ineligible 
by this League or a club member thereof. 

"CROOKEDNESS" AND ITS PENALTIES. 

Sec 38. Any person who shall be proven guilty of offer- 
ing, agreeing, conspiring or attempting to cause any game 
of ball to result otherwise than on its merits under the 
Playing Rule,-., shall be forever disqualified by the Presi- 
dent of the League from acting as umpire, manager, player 
or in any other capacity Ml any game of hall participated in 
by a League club, unless such disqualification shall be re- 
moved by a three-fourths vote of the League. 

PIRES. 

Sec. 39. A staff of League Umpires shall be selected 
by the Secretary before the opening of the regular season. 

I, Each application shall set forth, under oath, the age, 
residence, sobriety, experience, and such other qualifica- 
tions of the applicant as may be prescribed on forms pre- 
pared by the Secretary, endorsed by well known gentlemen 
intimately acquainted with the applicant. 

Independent of such endorsements, however, the Secre- 
tary shall make inquiries and post himself, as far as practi- 
cable, as to the merits and qualifications of each applicant. 

II. They shall be paid such salaries and allowed such 
expenses as may be mutually agreed upon by contract be- 



CONSTITUTION. 



13 



tween them and the Secretary of the League, subject to 
the approval of the Board of Directors of the League. 

But at least ten per cent, of current salaries shall be 
withheld by the Secretary until the termination of his con- 
tract for that season to secure such deductions for ab- 
sences and the payment of such tines as may be lawfully 
imposed. 

III. In the event of the failure of an Umpire to umpire 
a game assigned to him it shall be the duty of the Secretary 
to provide a substitute to umpire such game; and in such 
case there shall be deducted from the next annual payment 
to the Umpire the sum of twelve dollars for each game 
assigned to him, which for any reason he shall have failed 
to umpire. 

IV. It shall be the duty of each League club to accept as 
Umpire for any championship game such Umpire or sub- 
stitute as the Secretary shall assign to such game. In the 
event of the non-appearance of the League Umpire or 
substitute at the hour appointed for the beginning of the 
game each Club Captain shall then select one of the sub- 
stitute players of the opposing club, and the two players 
thus selected shall be the duly authorized Umpires for that 
game. 

V. It shall be the duty of Umpires to enforce the rules 
as they are written, regardless of personal opinion as to 
their merits, subject to the Secretary's instructions as to 
their proper interpretation. They shall familiarize them- 
selves with these sections of the Constitution ; obey all 
orders of the Secretary, assigning their services and wear 
such uniform on the Playing Field as he may designate. 

SUPERVISOR OF UMPIRES. 

Sec. 40. A Supervisor of Umpires may be chosen by the 
League at an annual or special meeting to serve for one 
year unless sooner removed by the League or the Board 
of Directors for incompetency, malfeasance in office, or 
other just cause. His compensation shall be fixed by the 
League prior to his acceptance of the office. 

I. He shall supervise and inspect the work and conduct 
of the Umpires and report frequently to the Secretary as 
to their efficiency and fidelity. 

II. All complaints against Umpires shall be referred to 
him for investigation. Complaints as to errors of judgment 
on questions of play will ordinarily require little consid- 
eration, but if repeatedly made and from various sources 



M 



CONSTITUTION. 



against the same Umpire so as to indicate incompetency, 
then the Superivisor shall proceed to collect all available 
evidence on the subject and verify it, if possible by his own 
personal observation, and report the facts and his views 
thereon, to the Secretary, who may suspend or remove 
such Umpire and substitute the next in order on the Wait- 
ing List. If a complaint be for error of interpretation of 
the Playing Rules the evidence shall be collected, the alleged 
offender furnished with a copy thereof, which with his 
statement in reply, together with the Supervisor's views 
thereon, shall be submitted to the Secretary for such action 
as he may deem fit and appropriate. 

If the complaint be for a wilful violation of this Consti- 
tution or of the Playing Rules, or for neglect or refusal to 
enforce any of said rules, or for any improper or ungentle- 
manly language or conduct while officiating as an Umpire, 
then, after collecting all the evidence by affidavits, or oth- 
erwise, he shall make a personal investigation of the truth 
of the complaint in the city where it originated, and else- 
where if necessary, giving both sides a hearing and report- 
ing his finding to the Secretary. 

If such finding sustain the complaint, the Secretary shall 
inflict a penalty of at least Fifty Dollars upon the offender, 
and may also suspend or remove him. as the aggravation of 
the offense justifies, and substitute in his place the next in 
order on the Waiting List. 

III. It shall be the duly of the Supervisor to include in 
his Reports all testimony affecting the language, conduct 
and behavior of players in violation of this Constitution and 
the legislation in pursuance thereof or of the Playing 
Rules, copies of which testimony shall be at once forwarded 
to such players and also referred to the proper tribunals 
for appropriate action thereon under existing Rules. 

PLAYING RULES. 

Sec. 41. This League shall adopt such playing rules as it 
deems best for the conduct of its business,. 

THE CHAMPIONSHIP. 

Sec. 42. The championship of the United States, estab- 
lished by this League, shall be contended for yearly by the 
clubs composing the League. 

Sec. 43. The championship season shall extend from such 
date in April or May to such date in September or October 
as the League may determine at its stated or special meet- 
ing. 



CONSTITUTION. 



15 



Sec. 44. Every game played between two clubs from the 
commencement of the championship season to the comple- 
tion of the championship series between such clubs shall be 
a game for the championship, and no League club shall 
lend or exchange players to or with each other for any 
game played during the championship season. Any viola- 
tion of this section shall subject each offender to a fine 
of $100. 

Sec. 45. Each club shall play twelve or more champion- 
ship games with every other club ; but a tie or draw game 
or a game prevented by rain or other causes shall be played 
off on the same ground on the next or a succeeding date of 
the same or subsequent series, whether open or scheduled 
for another game between the same clubs, thus compelling 
double games for said scheduled date. If, however, both 
series shall have terminated, such postponed game must be 
played off on the ground of the other club on a date open 
or scheduled during a subsequent series between the same 
clubs. 

Sec. 46. Each club shall have half of the championship 
series of games with every other club played on its grounds, 
except as otherwise provided in Section 45; and in all the 
details of such games, that do not involve the rights of the 
visiting club under the playing rules, but relate solely to 
such games as attractive exhibitions to the patrons of the 
home club, the visiting club shall defer to the wishes of the 
home club; provided, nevertheless, that the home club shall 
not be permitted to change the usual hour for the com- 
mencement of scheduled games in its particular city more 
than thirty (30) minutes without first having obtained the 
consent of the visiting club thereto, under a penalty to the 
visiting club of $500. The visiting club shall furnish to a 
person designated by the home club the batting order of its 
nine by 10 o'clock on the morning of the day of each game, 
or the evening previous, if requested. In case of the failure 
of any visiting club to furnish the batting order of its nine 
as herein stipulated, it shall forfeit the sum of $10, which 
amount shall be immediately transmitted to the Secretary 
of the League, upon the receipt of notice from him of the 
infliction of such fine, which notice shall be given by the 
Secretary upon receipt of complaint from the home club. 

It shall be the duty of the home club to furnish the man- 
ager and captain of the visiting club with a list of the bat- 
ting order before the commencement of the game under 



16 



CONSTITUTION. 



similar penalties for default as herein prescribed. The vis- 
iting club shall have the right to practise its nine on the 
grounds of the home club between n and 12 o'clock a. m. 
on each day of its visit during the championship season. 

THE CHAMPIONSHIP .SCHEDULE. 

Sec. 47. All championship panics shall be arranged in a 
written schedule prepared by the Schedule Committee, and 

reported to and adopted by the League by a three-fourth. - . 
vote before the beginning of the championship season. The 
schedule shall provide for an equal number of return 
games, and shall specify the date of each game and the date 
of each series of games. No date in said schedule shall 
subsequently be changed, except (1) by written agreement 
of two clubs from a date fixed by the schedule for a game 
between such clubs to an open date on the same grounds ; 
or (2) as provided in Section 45; or (3) by the written 
consent of three-fourths of all the League clubs. 

Any club or clubs violating this section shall be amenable 
to a penalty of $1,000. Said penalty to be paid within 
forty-eight hours to the Treasurer of the National League 
and American Association, or if not so paid to be withheld 
from any funds to their credit in the hands of the Treas- 
urer. All games played in violation of this section shall 
not count in the championship series. 

THE ADMISSION FEES AND RECEIPTS. 

Sec. 48. The general admission fee to all championship 
games shall be fifty (50) cents, but each club shall desig- 
nate a part of its grounds, and provide seats thereon, the 
admission fee to which shall be twenty-five (25) cents, and 
all division of percentages shall be made on the basis of 
fifty (50) cents, except as to that part of the grounds the 
admission fee to which is fixed at twenty-five (25) cents, 
and as to such part of said grounds all divisions of per- 
centage shall be on the basis of twenty-five cents. 

At the conclusion of each championship game the hotnt 
club shall deliver to the manager of the visiting club (and 
shall transmit by mail to the President or other designated 
official of the visiting club a duplicate of the same) a state- 
ment of the receipts of said game, which must include all 
fifty-cent and twenty-five cent admissions, and shall pay to 
the visiting club fifty per centum of said receipts. 

Sec. 49. Out of the funds of this League now in the hands 
of the Secretary he shall create a Sinking Fund not to ex- 
ceed $12,000, which shall be invested in Government bom'-, 



CONSTITUTION. 



17 



All other funds shall be placed in the treasury to meet cur- 
rent expenses. 

tin-: TURNSTILE COUNT. 

Sec. 50. The number of persons admitted to the grounds 
shall be determined by the use of the necessary number of 
self-registering turnstiles, the arms of which shall extend 
within four inches of a dividing partition, the keys of which 
shall be delivered to the agent of The visiting club before 
the opening of the grounds for each game; and said agent 
of the visiting club shall have full access to such turnstile. 
and the box of such turnstile shall not be removed until 
after the close of the seventh innings, and in case a car- 
riage gate is used a ticket for each person admitted through 
such gate shall at once be delivered to the agent of the 
visiting club. No person shall be admitted free to tin- 
grounds during or prior to such game or the hour appointed 
therefor, excepting only players of contesting clubs, police 
nun in uniform, the Umpires and the necessary employes 
of the home club, and representatives of newspapers pub- 
lished in some other city in which a League club is located; 
such representative to be identified by holding a ticket 
signed by the President of the League and countersigned 
by the President of the club located in the city where the 
paper represented is published. The visiting club shall 
have the right to accept the turnstile count for each and 
all games, or to count all tickets. Each club shall be re- 
cpiircd to use for its business substantial pasteboard tick- 
ets, which can be readily counted. 

GROUND ENTRANCES. 

Sec. 51. No club shall be allowed to have more than four 
entrances to its grounds except upon holidays, but for all 
such days the visiting club shall be given at least ten days' 
notice of the whole number and location of additional en- 
trances; provided, however, emergency gates may be opened 
by consent of the visiting club if occasion requires. 
STOPPING PLAY TO CATCH TRAINS. 

Sec 52. On any day when cither club is required to leave 

a city to, or in order to reach another city in time, where it 

is scheduled to play its next game, the home club shall be 

■elled upon proper notice by the visiting club to begin 

the game three hours and a half before the time of th 

lire of the last train by means of which either club can 
reach the next scheduled point in time. And either club 
may leave the field at any time within one hour of said 



i8 



CONSTITUTION. 



train time without forfeiting any rights or privileges, pro- 
vided five innings on each side have been played, and the 
Umpire shall be the sole judge of the time. 

GIVING OUT ADMISSION CHECKS. 

Sec. S3. In the event of a game being stopped by rain or 
declared forfeited before completion of five innings, the 
home club may issue admission checks good for the next 
succeeding game. If such checks are so issued the visiting 
club shall not be entitled to its percentage of receipts; but 
if such checks are not issued, the visiting club shall be en- 
titled to its percentage of receipts, precisely as if the game 
had been fully played. 

FORFEITED GAMES. 

Sec. 54. A club shall be entitled to forfeited games — to 
count in its series as games won by a score of nine runs to 
none — in case where the Umpire in any championship game 
shall award the game to such club on account of the viola- 
tion by the contesting club of any section of this Constitu- 
tion or of any Playing Rule; and in the event of such for- 
feiture being caused by the withdrawal of the players dur- 
ing the progress of the game, or by a failure to report with 
its team at the time fixed for the game, unless written no- 
tice has been received from the home club that the game 
cannot be played, then such forfeiting club shall incur a 
penalty of one thousand dollars, and in the event of for- 
feiture for any other cause, five hundred dollars, which 
shall be payable to the Secretary of the League within ten 
days thereafter for the use and benefit of the non-offending 
club, but said fine may be remitted or modified upon a] 
to and a hearing by the Board of Directors. In addition to 
the penalty above referred to. the captain or manager, or 
the person in charge of the offending team and responsible 
for the team leaving the field, shall incur a penalty of one 
hundred dollars, which shall be paid within five days to the 
Secretary of the League, said penalty not to be remitted 
under any circumstances. In case such penalties are not 
paid within the time named, the club and player cannot 
participate in a championship game. 

DRAWN GAMES. 

Sec. 55. Drawn, tie and postponed games shall not count 
in the series as games (hut any game of not less than five 
innings shall be included in the averages), but must be 
played off, if possible, as provided in Section 45. If they 
cannot be played off, as therein provided, they may subse- 



^ 



CONSTITUTION. 



1<> 



quently be played off, if sufficient time exists before the 
i <f t he season. 
Double games for one admission shall not be permitted 
unless previously scheduled as such or rendered compul- 
sory by tbe playing off of postponed games, as provided in 
Section 45. 

WINNING THE PENNANT. 

Sec. 56. The club which shall have won the greatest per- 
centage of games in the championship series, shall be de- 
clared the champion club of the United States for the sea- 
son in which such games were played. In the event that 
two or more clubs shall have won the same percentage of 
games, then the Board shall at once arrange a special series 
of three games between any two of such clubs, such games 
to be played at the close of the championship season, and 
the games so played shall be included in the championship 
record, and counted in determining the award of the cham- 
pionship. In such case only the provisions of this Con- 
stitution prohibiting the playing or recording as champion- 
ship games, games played after the expiration of the cham- 
pionship season, shall have no effect. The emblem of the 
championship shall be a pennant (of the National colors) 
to cost not less than one hundred dollars ($100). It shall 
be inscribed with the motto, "Champion Base Ball Club of 
the United States." with the name of the club and the year 
in which the title was won. and the champion club shall be 
entitled to fly the pennant until the close of the ensuing 
year. 

DECIDING THE CHAMPIONSHIP. 

Sec. 57. The championship shall be decided in the follow- 
ing manner: 

Within twenty-four hours after every match game played 
for the championship, the home club shall prepare and for- 
ward to the Secretary of the League a statement containing 
the full score of the game, according to the system specified 
in tlie Playing Rules, together with the date, the place 
where played, the names of the clubs and Umpire, provided 
that no tie or drawn game shall be considered a game for 
any purpose except the averages; and provided, further, 
that in any case where the Secretary shall not receive the 
score of a championship game within five days after the 
playing of such game, the club whose duty it is to forward 
such score shall pay to the League the sum of $2 as the 
penalty of such default. 



20 



CONSTITUTION. 



At the close of the season the Secretary shall prepare a 
tabular statement of the games won and lost by each club, 
according to the statement so sent him. which statement 
shall be the sole evidence in the matter, and submit the 
same, with the statements so sent him, to the Board, who 
shall make the award in writing and report the same to the 
League at its annual meeting. 
In making the award the Board shall consider: 
(i) The tabular statement of the Secretary. 

(2) Forfeited games. 

(3) Games participated in by clubs which have with- 
drawn, disbanded, or forfeited their membership without 
completing their championship series with all other League 
clubs; such games shall be counted to the following extent: 
The Board shall ascertain the least number of championship 
games played by such club with any club remaining in the 
League, and shall from the first game participated in during 
the championship series by such retired club, count in the 
scries of each League club a similar number of games, and 
all other games participated in by such retired club shall 
not be counted in the championship scries. Provided, that 
if such retired club shall have failed to play at least one 
championship game with every League club, all games par- 
ticipated in by it shall be thrown out entirely. 

MEETINGS. 

Sec. 58. The annual meeting of the League shall be held 
on the second Tuesday in December of each year, at 2 
o'clock P. M., and at such places as shall have been deter- 
mined by a vote at the previous annual meeting. 

Sec. 59. Special meetings may be called by the President 
of this League on his own option or on the written call of 
six clubs. 

CLUB REPRESENTATION. 

Sec. 60. At such meeting each club shall be represented 
and shall be entitled to two representatives, and to have in 
addition thereto any of its officers or ex-officers present at 
such meeting ; but no club shall be permitted to send as a 
representative any person under contract or engagement as 
a ball player or manager, and belonging to the nine of said 
club in such capacity. They shall, if requested by any other 
club representative, present a certificate of their appoint- 
ment duly attested by at least two officers of their club 
showing their authority to act. but no club shall have more 
than one vote. 



CONSTIHTION. 



EXECUTIVE SKSSION. 

Sec. 61. This League may, upon a majority vote of its 
members, elect to go into executive session for the trans- 
action of its business, and during such session no club shall 
be entitled to more than two representatives. 

QUORUM. 

Sec. 62. A representation of a majority of clubs shall 
constitute a quorum for the transaction of business, but a 
less number may adjourn from time to time until a quorum 
is obtained. When obtained it may be maintained by lock- 
ing the doors of the meeting room, the appointment of door- 
keepers and such other procedures usual in parliamentary 
bodies to maintain quorums and dispatch business. 

ORDER OF BUSINESS. 

Sec. 63. The following shall be the order of business, 
unless suspended by a three-fourths vote of the club mem 
bers: 

r. Reading Minutes of last meeting. 

2. Report of Board of Directors. 

3. Report of Committees. 

4. Election of new members. 

5. Amendment of Constitution. 

6. Amendment of Playing Rules. 

7. Election of Officers. 

8. Miscellaneous busine 

9. Adjournment. 

AMENDMENTS. 

Sec. 64. (1) The ('(institution of this League may be al- 
tered or amended by a three-fourths vote of the League at 

any annual meeting, or by a unanimous vote at any other 
time. Provided, however, that this section and Sections 
3, 8, 48 and 49 shall not be altered or amended except by a 
unanimous vote of this League. 

(2) Any section of this Constitution may be suspended 
or its provision made non-applicable by unanimous vote at 
a League meeting. 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 

NATIONAL AGREEMENT 

0/ Professional Base Ball Associations Adopted by the National 
Board of Arbitration February 24, 1 896. 

NAME. 
Article 1, This instrument shall be called "The National Agreement of 
Professional Base Ball Associations." 

OBJECTS. 
Article 2. The objects of this Agreement are: 

1. To perpetuate base ball as the national game of America, and to sur- 
round it with such safeguards as to warrant absolute public confidence in iti 
integrity and methods. 

2. To promote and afford protection to such minor Professional Base Ball 
Leagues and Associations as may desire to operate under its provisions. 

THE GOVERNING POWER. 
Article 3. The governing power under this Agreement, which shall be 
called tl The National Board of Arbitration," shall be vested in six repre- 
sentatives selected by the National League and American Association of 
Professional Base Ball Clubs (hereinafter designated the Major League), and 
such representatives from minor organizations of Professional Base Ball 
Clubs (hereinafter designated Minor Leagues) as may be admitted to mem- 
bership by the National Board of Arbitration from time to time under the 
rules governing membership. 

THE ANNUAL MEETING. 
Article 4. The annual meeting of the National Board shall he held on 
the second Tuesday in December of each year, at which time the re] 
tatives elected by the major league shall elect ;i President, Secretary and 
Treasurer of the Board* 

DUTIES AM' AUTHORITY OF THE NATIONAL HOARD. 
Article 5. — 1. The general enforcement of this Agreement, the protection 
of rights thereunder, the determination of all controversies as hereinafter 
provided end generally the regulation of all things within the scope of this 
Agreement are each and severally conferred upon and committed to the 
National Board of Arbitration. 

2. The Board may adopt rules and regulations prescribing the duties of 
each and all of its members and officers, its methods of procedure and the 
general transaction of its business. 

3. It shall be the duty of the Board and it shall have full and final juris- 
tUctfon : 

To hear and determine all disputes and complaints between associations 
and clubs; between one club and another, members of the same or of 
different associations; between clubs and players or managers, and, in 
addition thereto, all disputes and complaints arising under and of all matters 
involvingthe interpretation of the National Agreement or the disposition ot 
the rights thereunder, and may hold special meetings for these purposes 
when required. The Board shall have power ;»lso to pass upon any question 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 



brought before it by a club member or members of any organization, where 
unjust discrimination has been made against any club or clubs, and, if upon 
a hearing, the Board finds that such charge or charges aretrue.it shall have 
the power to impose such fines or penalties as it deems proper, or to forfeit 
and terminate the privileges of such organization under this agreement. 
POWER TO IMPOSE FINES. 

4. In the performance of its duties the Board shall have power to impose 
fines or penalties upon associations, clubs, club officers, players, managers, 
scorers and umpires, and to suspend any such organization or person from 
the protection and privileges of the National Agreement in any instance in 
which, In its opinion, it or he shall have been guilty of conduct detrimental 
to the general welfare of the game or in violation of the letter or spirit of the 
National Agreement. DECISION FINAL, 

5. Its decision shall be final over any and all matters within its jurisdic- 
tion. RKINSTA 1 KM I.N I S. 

6. It may reinstate any person or body suspend 

ASSESSMENTS. 

7. It shall have power to make such reasonable assessments upon clubs or 
associations as may be necessary to defray the expenses Incidental to the 
performance of its duties and the enforcement of this Agreement. 

RULES AND REGULATIONS. 

8. It may make all orders, rules and regulations for the performance of its 
duties and the exercise of its power, and to accomplish the purpose in view, 
may amend and supplement the same from time to time ; provided, notice 
of all changes, amendments or supplements be given to all organizations 
party to this agreement. 

DECISIONS PROMULGATED, 

9. It may cause its proceedings or rulings, or any part thereof, in any case 
which may be deemed of sufficient importance to serve as a precedent, to be 
published in such a manner as may be prescribed. 

PRESENTATION OF CLAIMS. 

10. Whenever any body or persons shall desire to submit any matter for 
the consideration of the board, ii shall he presented within thirty 

the occurence of the net, or of the maturity of the claim to the chairman by a 
concise statement thereof, and accompanied by such evidence as ma] 
support of such statement. Notice shall lie given to any other body or per- 
son interested in 1 1 wr m.it is i and to present appropriate evi- 
dence in support thereof. It" such answer is not received by the President 
within fifteen days of said ttQtice, Judgment by default may be rendered. 

MINOR LEAGUE MEMBERSHIP. 

Article 6. An application f©f membership and protection under this 
Agreement must be made in writing or by telegraph to the Secretary of the 
Board. If made by telegraph it must state the name of the League, the cities 
comprising the circuit and have the signature of the President of the League, 
which must be followed within ten days by a written application to the Sec- 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 



rctary of the Board stating the name of the League, the cities comprising 
tho circuit, the representatives of the respective cities, the location of their 
business offices and playing grounds, if practical, the monthly salary limit 
for its club teams and maximum monthly salary limit of its players, a pledge 
or agreement for the maintenance of said salary limit and the faithful per- 
formance of its obligations under this Agreement, its own Constitution and 
By-Laws and its other contractual obligations, which club membership, 
location of club offices and playing grounds, salary limit, Constitution, 
Agreements, By-Laws and pledges, shall not, after approval by the Board, 
be changed, modified, altered or released without the assent of the Board. 
CLASSIFICATION OK MEMBERSHIP. 
Article 7. The Board, upon the receipt of an application for protection and 
membership under this Agreement, shall, after consideration and approval, 
determine the class under which the applicant shall be admitted, the said 
cb-ssification to be based upon the average population of the cities compos- 
ing the League according to the last published U. S. Census preceding the 
application, and membership fee shall be an amount fixed by the Board 
for Leagues of that class. 

MINOR LEAGUE REPRESENTATION. 

Article 8. Each Minor League shall be entitled to one representative of 
its own selection, who shall have the right to appear before the Board upon 
any or all matters pertaining to its interest or welfare, but the Board may, 
at its discretion, invite additional representation in the adjustment of any 
matter which may be brought before it. 

FEE FOR PROTECTION AND MEMBERSHIP. 
Article 9. The fee for membership and protection under this Agreement, 
with the right of reservation subject to Articles 10 and 11 shall be: 

For each Club in Class A the sum of i 

For each Club in Class 1! the sum of a 

For each Club in Class C the sum of ; 

For each Club in Class D the sum of i 

For each Club in ( Lass E the sum of \ 

For each Club in Class F the sum of i 
Such payments to be made within thirty days from the date of filing the 
written application tor membership, 

SELECTION OF PLAYERS BY THE MAJOR LEAGUE. 
Am 'Iclk 10. For the purpose of enabling players to advance in their pro- 
fession, the Major League may, at any time after the first of October of each 
year, and prior to the first of January following, with the consent of the 
Board, negotiate with any player then under contract or reservation to B 
minor league under this Agreem ill have the right to select such 

player, upon payment to the Secretary of the Board the sum specified in 
Article 12, provided that ..o such selection shall be enforced and no transfer 
»t a player shall be made unless he shall receive an increase of salary. 

Provided further that such selection shall not apply to a player in Class 
** A " League until his name shall have appeared twice on the Reserve list 
of said League. 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 



SELECTION OF PLAYERS BY MINOR LEAGUES. 

Article 11. For the purpose of enabling players to advance in their pro- 
fession and to assist in building up clubs of minor leagues, a club of a higher 
class shall have the right, with the consent of the Board, after January 1 of each 
year, and prior to the first of February following, to select players from a 
league in a lower class upon payment to the Secretary of the Board the sum 
specified in Article 12. provided that no such selection shall be enforced, and 
no transfer of a player shall be made unless he shall receive an increase of 
salary. 

TERMS FOR SELECTION OK PLAYERS. 

Article 12— Sec. 1. Clubs from a high class selecting players from 
leagues of a lower class shall pay to the Secretary of the Board for the 
benefit and account of the club from which the selection is made the follow- 
ing sums, viz.: 

For Players in Class A, $1,000. 
For Players in Class B, $300. 
For Players in Class C, $200. 
For Players in Class I), $100. 
For Players in Class E, $75. 
For Players in Class F, $50, 

Sec. 2. Payments must be made at the time of selection, and unless such 
payment be withdrawn and the selection cancelled by the selecting club 
within thirty days from the date of selection, the Secretary of the Board 
shall remit to the club the amount received by him on account of such 
selection. 

Sec. 3. Any club entitled to make selection of a player and desiring to do 
so, shall notify the Secretary of the Board stating the name of the player 
and of the club with which he is under contra t ami reservation and enclos- 
ing amount specified in Section 1, Article 12, to be pud for such release. 
The Secretary shall thereupon notify the club or league from which such 
selection is to be made and shall order his transfer to the selecting club. 
Notice of such selection and transfer shall thereupon be promulgated. 
ASSIGNMENT OF UNDEVELOPED PLAYERS. 

Article 13. For the purpose of retaining control of undeveloped but 
promising players whose releases have been purchased, all Leagues, parties 
to this Agreement, may, prior to the opening of its championship season, 
assign its surplus players to a club member of any other League party to this 
Agreement, upon mutual agreement between the clubs interested; providing 
no other club member of the League from which the assignment is to be 
made desires such player at the drafting price of the League with which he 
played last prior to becoming a National League player. Notice of such 
transfers and assignments and the conditions governing must be filed with 
the Secretary of the Board, and the salary of tin: player must not be less 
than the salary limit adopted by the league to wltii h be has been assigned. 

Art. 11. Any club member of the major league may at any time between 
April 1 and October 1 negotiate with a club member of a minor league, 
party to this Agreement, for the release of a player from minor to major 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 



league, to take effect after October 1 of the same year, or for an immediate 
release if the Constitution of such minor league permits, and such release 
shall at once he filed with and promulgated by the Secretary of the Board 
and become binding upon both clubs party to the transfer. 

Article 15. Any club member of a minor league, party to this Agree- 
ment may at any time during its championship season negotiate for the 
immediate release of a player from a club member of another league where 
the league constitution of the releasing club permits, and such release, if 
secured, shall, when filed with the Secretary of the Board, become binding 
upon both clubs party to the transfer, providing the salary of the player so 
transferred during the championship season shall not be reduced during the 
balance of the season unless he be given an unconditional release. 
CONTRACTS 

Article 16. Contracts between clubs and players shall be in writing in 
the form approved by the Board. An informal contract, whether evidenced 
by telegram or other writing, shall be valid for a period not exceeding 
thirty days, but a formal contract must be tendered by the contracting club 
to the contracting player within said thirty days. The failure of the club 
to so tender such formal contract will release the player from all contractual 
obligations thereunder, and the refusal of the player to execute such formal 
contract, when so tendered, shall extend the validity of his informal contract 
until he shall execute said formal contract. 

UNLAWFUL CONTRACTS. 

Article 17. No club shall enter into negotiations or contract with a 
•player under contract to another club without the latter's consent, under 
such fines and penalties as the Board may inflict. 

APPLICATION For MEMBERSHIP. 

Article 18. Applications for m -.mbership by minor leagues desiring pro- 
tection under this Agreement must be made each year to the Secretary of 
the Board, as provided in Article 6. 

TERMINATION OF MEMBERSHIP. 

Article 19. All rights under this Agreement shall terminate on the first 
day of October unless renewed between the fifteenth and twenty-fifth ->f 
September of each year, according to Article 1*. 
N T F.W LEAGUES. 

Article 20. Newly organized leagues may ask for and be admitted to 
membership at any time, but such membership shall terminate on the first 
of October following unless renewed according to Article 29, 
RESERVATION. 

Article 21. On or before the twenty-fifth day of September in each year, 
and prior to the expiration of their players' contracts, the secretaries of 
minor leagues, parties hereto, entitled to the privilege of reservation, shall 
transmit to the Secretary of the B rvefist of players, not exceeding 

fourteen in number, then under contract with each of its several club mem- 
bers for the current season, and in addition thereto a list of such players re- 
served in any prior annual reserve list who have refused to contract with 
such clubs and of all ineligible players. Sueh players, together with all 
others thereafter to be regularly contracted with by such clubs (namely, 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 



whose releases have been secured by purchase or draft under this agreement 
for future services), arc and shall be ineligible to contract with any other 
club of any League during the period of time between the termination of 
their contracts and llie beginning of the next season. The Secretary o: said 
Hoard shall thereupon promulgate such lists, provided that no club shall be 
permitted to reserve any player while in arrears of salary to him. 
RELEASE FROM RKSKkVATlON. 

Article 32. The Board may also release from contract ot reservation any 
player or managers hen the club with which he has contracted, or by which he 
hat been reserved, shall be in arrears tO him fur salary for more than fifteen 
days after such salary became due, or when the reserving club has failed I 
der to any player, on or before the first day of March, after such reservation, a 
formal contract, with a salary of at least such an amount per month as the 
Board may fix as the minimum salary to be paid to such player, or when any 
such reserving club lias transferred its membership after the close of the 
championship season to a different league, if the Board shall deem that the 
player will be prejudiced by such transfer. 

INDIVIDUALS AND ORGANIZATIONS IN CONFLICT WITH THE 
NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 

Article 23— Skc. 1. Any club member of any Minor league or association, 
a party to or identified with the National Agreement, that shall enter into any 
negotiation to become a member of or in any way co-operate with any organiza- 
tion of professional baseball clubs whose existence will in any manner conflict 
with the letter and spirit of this Agreement or the interests of any of thi 
operating underit, shall forthwith forfeit all rights ani < (inferred by 

this Agreement, said forfeiture to include Its membership in^any as oi iation a 

party to this Agreement, and all ; n to players reserved dur- 

ingtbe current or any preceding season. The penalty herein imposed shall be 

positive and final and shall not be revoked unless by the unanimous I 
of the Board or upon appeal by a three-fourths vote of the Major league. 

SsX. 2. Any officer, manager or player who shall enter into any such 
itions as referred to in Sect! n 1 ; Article 23, or who shall agree or 
contract to play with any club a member of such organization shall be de- 
clared ineligible and subject to all the disabilities referred to in the pre- 
ceding section. 

DISQUALIFIED PLAYERS. 

A R i [CLI 24. When a player or manager under contract or reservation by 
any club of an association party hereto shall be expelled, suspended or ren- 
dered ineligible in ad TdanO With th ,f this agreement or the 

rules of such association, notice of Bach disqualifications shall be given to the 
the Board by the secretary of thi m whose club the p 

may have been thus disqualified, and the Board shall forthwith give n 
of such disqualification to the several leagues Acting under thi 

When a player shall become ineligible under the provisions of this Agree- 
ment, or by order of the Board, the Secretary of the Board shall notify the 
several clubs acting under this Agreement of such disqualification. From 
the receipt of any such notice all club members of associations acting under 
this Agreement shall be debarred from employing or playing with or against 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 



such disqualified player until the period of disqualification shall have tei* 
minated or the disqualification be revoked by the association from which 
such player was disqualified or by the Board, and due notice of such revo- 
cation shall be given by the Board to the said several clubs. 

SUSPENSION OF PLAYERS. 

Article 25. Any player who has entered into a contract with any club 
of an association party hereto may be suspended without payor fined by 
such club or association for breach of contract or breach of any of the rules 
of such club or association, and he shall thereafter be ineligible to sign or 
play during the remainder of the current season with any of the clubs of any 
association acting hereunder, unless such disability shall have been sooner 
removed by the club or association by which he was suspended or by th« 
Board. 

ACCEPTANCE OF SERVICE. 

Article 26. Upon the release of a player from contract or reservation 
with any club member of an association then acting under this Agreement 
(unless the release be made by " selection " under Article 10 or 11), the ser- 
vices of such player shall at once be subject to acceptance by any club 
belonging to the same association, expressed in writing or by telegraph to 
the Secretary of the Board, for a period of ten days after notice of said 
release ; and, thereafter, if said services be not so accepted, said player may 
negotiate and contract with any club. The releasing club shall send notice 
to the Secretary of the Board of said player's release on the date thereof, 
and the latter shall promulgate any acceptance of his services. Provided 
that the disbandment of a club or its expulsion from membership in either 
association acting hereunder shall operate as a release of all of its players 
from contract with or reservation by said club. But the services of such 
players shall at once be subject to the acceptance of such association for a 
period of ten days for thepurpoie of supplying the vacancy in its membership. 

CONTROL AND DISCIPLINE. 
Article 27. Each association shall have the right to make and enforce 
all rules and regulations pertaining to the control, discipline and compensa- 
tion of all players under contract with its club members. And it may pre- 
scribe that all contracts with its players shall be made directly with said 
association, assignable to its club members, with the right of reservation to 
be exclusively exercised by said association, in which event all theprovisions 
of this Agreement applying to contracts or reservation of players with and 
by club members, shall apply to such contracts and reservation of players 
with and by said association ; provided that such rules and regulations shall 
in no way conflict with the provisions of this Agreement, or any rule, regula- 
tion or order of the Board. 

TERRITORIAL RIGHTS. 
Article 28. Each minor league whose application for membership under 
this Agreement has been accepted by the Board shall have exclusive contrp 
of its own territory until the termination of its membership, and no 
from any other league party to this Agreement shall be allowed to play a 



NATIONAL AGREEMENT. 



game in any city of its circuit without the consent of the club representing 
such city, nor shall any club member of a minor league party hereto be 
allowed to play a game within five miles of any city iu which is located a 
club member of the major league without the consent of such club. 

INELIGIBLE PLAYERS. 

Article 29. No game shall be played between any club of any league 
acting hereunder, or any of its players under contract or reservation, with 
any club containing an ineligible player ; nor with a club that has played 
with another club containing such ineligible player. A violation of this sec- 
tion shall subject each offender to fine, suspension or expulsion, in the 
discretion of the Board. 

TRANSFER OF PLAYERS. 

Article 30. Should a club of any association agree in writing or by tele- 
graph with another club of an association, subject to the National Agreement, 
for the release of any player then under contract or reservation with or by it, 
in accordance with the rules governing, either party may file said agreement 
with the Secretary of the IJoard, and should any such club refuse to comply 
with its said agreement, the Board may require said agreement to be complied 
with, and may transfer the said player accordingly. 

PAYMENTS OF SALARIES. 

Article 31. Before any league shall be granted the privileges and protec- 
tion of this Agreement, it shall enact laws or regulations debarring any of its 
clubs from entering into contract with any player while under arrears of salary 
to him, and from suspending or otherwise attempting to disqualify such player 
for refusing to contract while it is so m arrears, and shall also provide for the 
expulsion of any club for refusal i<> pay arrears of salary to a player urban 
required by said league or by the Board. 

FOKM.I l i Ki: OF RIGHTS. 

Article 32. All rights of any league hereunder shall be forfeited for fail- 
ing to expel any of its club members that may play a game of ball except 
under the Playing Rules adopted by the National League and American 
Association of Professional Base Ball Clubs. 

DEFINITION OF TERMS. 

Article 33. The term "league or association" as herein used shall 
mean and comprise an organization of professional base ball clubs of not less 
than four clubs, whether known as a "league," "association," or by any 
other designation. 

Article 34. This Agreement may be altered or amended at any t' 
the National League and American Association of Professional Base Ball 
Clubs. It shall take effect and be in force from and after February M, 18% t 

.11 former Agreements are hereby revoked. 
CLASSIFICATION OF LEAGUES J « > BE GOVERNED BY THE AGGRE- 
GATE POPULATION OF THE CITIES REPKJ 

Class A 1,0011,000 J Class I> 100,000 to 850,000 

Class B 500,000 to 1,000,000 J Class E 60,000 to 100,000 

Class C 250,000 to 500,000 | Class F-Up to 50,000 



RULES AND REGULATIONS. 



The Roles and Regulations of the National 
Board of Arbitration. 

The following rules and regulations have been adopted by 
the National Hoard of Arbitration, and are here given in order 
that they may be understood by all those interested, The same 
being adopted and to remain in force until repealed, altered, 
added to or amended. 

THE PRESIDENT. 

1. The duties of the President shall be as follows: 

(a) To issue calls for meetings of the Board, and preside at 
such meetings; having all powers with reference thereto which 
are incident to a presiding officer. 

(b) To rule upon and decide all incidental and routine mat- 
ters presented for determination, with power to delegate this 
duty to the Secretary or any member of the board. 

(c) To supervise the performance of the duties imposed upon 
the other members of the Hoard. 

(</) To see that each and all of the orders of this Hoard are 
complied with. 

THE SECRETARY AND TREASURER. 

2. The offices of the Secretary and Treasurer may be filled 
by one and the same person, and the duties of such officer shall 
be as follows: 

(a) To receive, receipt for and disburse all moneys payable 
to this Board, and to make all financial statements required by 
the provisions of the National Agreement. 

lb) To keep the records of the proceedings of the Hoard, 
together with all the records required to be kept by the provi- 
sions of the National Agreement. 

(c) To issue all notices required by the National Agreement 
to be issued. 

(t!) To give interpretation to the playing rules when requested 
SO to do, pursuant to the provisions of the National Agreement . 

(e) To receive all applications for membership under the 
National Agreement, and to see that the applicants pay their 
proper dues. 

(/) To give notice of all fines and penalties imposed by the 
Hoard, and to see that the same are paid. 

(g) To attend to such other matters as maybe required of 
him by the Board, and to keep records of all the businc . 
duties connected with the Hoard. 



RULES AND REGULATIONS. 



ELECTIONS. 

The Chairman and the Secretary and Treasurer shall be 
elected annually at some mctting after tho first of January, and 
shall hold until their successors are elected and qualify. 

OPINIONS AND DECISIONS. 

Whenever any controversy or matter to be submitted to the 
Board of adjustment or decision shall be forwarded, together 
with all evidence and documents therewith connected, to the 
Secretary and Treasurer, he shall, after submitting the same to 
the Board, promulgate or publish the opinion, which must be 
prepared by the Chairman or such other member of the Board 
as he shall designate. 

SELECTION OF PLAYERS. 

Whenever any player shall be "selected" by more than one 
club, the Board will award him to the club which shall have 
firs! filed formal notice with the Secretary that it desires the 
services of said player. Such notice, however, must be accom- 
panied by the deposit required by the provisions of the National 
Agreement, otherwise such notice will be of no effect and void. 
A player so awarded shall be ineligible to sign with any other 
club, and upon declining to abide by the decisions of the Board, 
may be included in the regular list of reserved players of the 
club selecting him, as per the provisions of Article 21 of the 
National Agreement. 

ACCEPTED PLAYERS. 

Whenever the services of any player released under the pro- 
visions of the National Agreement are accepted by any club or 
association, authorized so to do by the provisions of such 
agreement, notice thereof shall be at once given to the Secre- 
tary, who shall accordingly promulgate the fact. 

PAYMENTS. 

All expenses of the Board, including compensation to tin: 
Secretary and Treasurer, or to any other agent, officer "i 
member of the Board for special work performed, telegraphing! 
postage and such other expenses as shall be allowed, must be 
paid by check of the Secrecary anil Treasurer and vouchers 
taken thereof, which vouchers shall be submitted at least once 
a year to the Board for examination and approval. 



THE NATIONAL BOARD 



OF 



ARBITRATION 



1900 



OFFICE: WASHINGTON, D. C. 



MEMBERS OF THE BOARD: 



N. E. yOUNG, - - President, Secretary and Treasurer, 

1417 G Street, Washington, ]). C. 



A. II. SODEN, - 

John T, Brush, 
V. DeH. Robison, 
James a. Hart, 
J no. I. Rogers, 



410 Atlantic Avenue, Boston, Mass. 
Indianapolis, Ind. 

Cleveland, ( >. 

Fisher Building, Chicago, III. 

- Philadelphia, Pa. 



CORRECT DIAGRAM OF A BALL FIELD. 



Season of J900. 




NOTE.— For Specifications See Rules From No. 2 to No. J2. 



tr 



n 



Cbe Playing Rules 



a 



v 



OF PROFESSIONAL BASE BALL CLUBS 

As Adopted by the National League and American Association 
of Professional Base Ball Clubs. 

Alterations and additions to the rules arc indicated by [taliis. 



Rule i. — The Bali. Ground. 
The Ground must be an inclosed field, sufficient in size to 
enable each player to play in his position as required by these 
rules. 

Rule 2. 

To lay off the lines governing the positions and the play of 
the game known as Base Ball, proceed as follows: 

I 1 a point, A, within the grounds, project a right line out 

into tl ad at a point, B, 15.) feet from point A, lay off 

lines B C and B D at right angles to the line A I'.; then, with I! 
as centre and 63.63945 feet as 1 cutting the 

lines B A at F and li G al G, B D at II and B E at I. Draw 
lines !•' G, G E, E II and II I'', and said lines will be tile con- 
taining lines of the Diamond or Infield. 

e 3.— The Catcher's Lines. 

With F as centre and <)<> feet radius, an arc cutting line 1 A 
at I„ and draw lines I. M anil I, at right angles to K A, and 
continue same out from F A not less than 90 feet. 

RULE 4. — The Inn. Line. 
from the intersection point, 1'', continue the straight lines FC 
and F II until they intersect with the lines L M and L O, and 
then from the points G and II in the opposite direction until 
they reach the boundary lines of the grounds. 

Rule 5. — The Players' Links. 

With F as centre and 50 feet radius, d< lifting 

lines F and F M at I' and Q ; then, with I Igaill 

and 75 feet radius, describe arcs cutting F G and F II at K ami 

S; then, from the points P, Q, R and S draw Knes at right 

angles to the lines F O, V M. F G and F II, and continue 
same until they intersect at the points T and W. 

34 



PLAYING RULES. 



35 



Rule 6. — The Captain and CoACHEr's Line. 
With K niul S as centres and 15 feel radius, describe arcs 
cutting lines R \V and S T at X and V, and from the points X 
anil Y draw lines parallel with lines F II and F G, and con- 
tinue same out to the boundary lines of the ground. 

Rule 7. — The Three Foot Line. 

With F as centre and 45 feet radius, describe an arc cutting 
line F G at I, and from 1 out to the distance of 3 feet draw a 
line at right angles to F (1, and ms int 2 ; then from 

point 2, draw a line parallel with the line V C to a point 3 feet 
beyond the point G, and marked 3 ; then from the point 3 draw 
a line at right angles to line 2, 3, back to and intersecting with 
line F G, and from thence back along line G F I" point 1. 

Rule 8. — The Pitcher's Plate. 

With point F as renin- and 60.5 feet as radius, describe an 
arc cutting the line F II at a point 4, and draw a line 5, 6, 
perpendicular thereto, passing through point 4 and extending 12 
inches on either side of line F B ; then with line 5, 6, as a 
describe a parallelogram 24 inches by 6 inches. 

Rule 9. — The Bases. 
Within the angle F describe a five-sided figure, two of the 
sides of which shall coincide with the lines /■' G an,! /■' II to the 
extent of is inches each, thence parallel with the line /■' R SJ 
inches to the points X and )', .; straight line between which — -17 
inches — will form the front of the plate, and within the angles 
G and H, describe squares the sides of which shall be 15 
inches, the two outer sides of said square lying upon the lines 
F G and G I and F II and II I, and at the angle E describe a 
square whose sides shall be 15 inches and so described that its 
sides shall be parallel with G I and I H, and its centre imme- 
diately over the angular point E. 

Rule 10.— The Patsman's Line. 
On either side of the line A F 11 describe two parallelograms 
6 feet long and 4 feet wide (marked 8 and 9), their length being 
parallel with the line A V li, their distance apart being 6 inches 
added to each end of the length of the diagonal of the square- 
within the angle F, and the centre of their length being upon 
said diagonal. 

Rule ii. 

The Home Base at F and the Pitcher's Plate at 4 must be of 
whitened rubber, and so fixed in the ground as to lie even with 
the surface. 



36 



PLAYING RULES. 



Rule 12. 

The First Base at G, the Second Base at E, and the Third 
Base at II must he of white canvas bags, filled with soft mate- 
rial and securely fastened in their positions described in Rule 9. 

Rule 13. 

The lines described in Rules 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 10 must be 
marked with lime, chalk or other suitable material, so as to be 
distinctly seen by the umpire. 

Note. — For a simple way to lay off a ball field see page 61. 

Rule 14. — The Bail.* 

Section i. Must not weigh less than five nor more than 
five and one-quarter ounces avoirdupois, and it must measure 
nut less than nine nor more than nine and one-quarter inches in 
circumference. The Spalding League Ball, or the Reach 
American Association Ball, must be used in all games played 
under these rules. 

Sec. 2. For each championship game two regulation balls 
shall be furnished by the home club to the umpire for use. 
When the ball in play is batted to foul ground and out of sight 
of the umpire, the other ball shall be immediately brought into 
play. As often as one of the two in use shall be lost a new one 
must be substituted, so thai llie umpire shall at all times after 
the game begins have two balls in his possession and ready for 
use. The moment an umpire delivers an alternate ball to the 
pitcher, it comes into play, and shall not be exchanged until it, 
in turn, passes out of sight to foul ground. At no time shall 
the ball be intentionally discolored by rubbing it with the soil 
or otherwise. In the event of a new ball being intentionally 
discolored, or otherwise injured by a player, the umpire shall, 
upon appeal from the captain of the opposite side, forthwith 
demand the return of that ball, and shall substitute another 
new ball and impose a fine of !j>'5-00 upon the offending player. 

SEC. 3. In all games the balls played with shall be furnished 
by the home club, and the last ball in play shall become the 
property of the winning club. Each ball to be used in cham- 
pionship games shall be examined, measured and weighed by 
the Secretary of the League, inclosed in a paper box, and scaled 
with the seal of the Secretary, which seal shall not be broken, 



* The Spalding League Ball has been adopted by the National League fur 
the past twenty-three years, and is used in all League contests. 

For junior clubs (clubs composed of hoys under Hi years of aye* We i 
mend them to use tl: League ball, and that games played by 

junior clubs witii this ball will count as legal games the same as if played 
with the Official League Call. 



PLAYING RULES. 



37 



except by the umpire, in the presence of the captains of the two 
contesting nines after play has been called. 

The home club shall have, at least, a dozen regulation balls 
on the field ready for use on the call of the umpire during each 
championship game. 

Skc. 4. Should the, ball become cut or ripped so as to expose 
the interior, or in any way so injured as to be, in the opinion 
of the umpire, unfit for fair use, he shall, upon appeal by either 
captain, at once put the alternate ball into play and call for a 
new ball. 

Rule 15. — The Bat. 

Must be entirely of hard wood, except that the handle may 
be wound with twine or a granulated substance supplied, not to 
exceed eighteen inches from the end. 

It must be round, and it must not exceed two and three- 
quarter inches in diameter in the thickest part, nor exceed 
forty-two inches in length. 

Rule 16. — The Players and Their Positions. 

The players of each club in a game shall be nine in number, 
one of whom shall act as captain, and in no case shall less than 
nine men be allowed to play on each side. 

RULK 17. 

The players' positions shall be such as may be assigned them 
by their captain, except that the pitcher, while in the act of 
delivering the ball to the bat, must take his position as defined 
in Rules 8 and 29; and the catcher must stand within the lines 
of his position as defined in Rule 3, whenever the pitcher de- 
livers the ball to the bat. 

Rule 18. 

Players in uniform shall not be permitted to occupy seats on 
the stands, or to stand among the spectators. 

Rule 19. 

Section i. Every club shall adopt uniforms for its players, 
and the suits of each team shall conform in color and style. 
No player who shall attach anything to the sole or heel of his 
shoes other than the ordinary base ball shoe plate, or who shall 
appear in a uniform not conforming to the suits of the other 
members of his team, shall be permitted to take part in the 
game. 

SEC. 2. The catcher and first baseman are permitted to wear 
a glove or mit of any size, shape or weight. All other players 
are restricted to the use of a glove or mit weighing not over 
ten ounces, and measuring in circumference, around the palm 
of the hand, not over fourteen inches. 



38 



PLAYING RULES. 



Rule 20. — Playeks' Benches. 

Section i. The players' benches must be furnished by (he 
home club anil placed upon a portion of the ground not less 
than twenty-five (25) feet outside of the players' lines. One such 
bench shall be for the exclusive use of the visiting club, and 
one for the exclusive use of the home club. The benches must 
be covered by a roof and closed at the back and each end ; a 
space, however, not more than six (6) inches wide may be left 
just under the roof for ventilation. All players of the side at 
hat must be seated on their bench, except such as are legally 
assigned to coach base-runners, and also the batsman, except 
when called to 'he bat by the umpire, and under no circum- 
stances shall the umpire permit any person, except managers 
and players in uniform to occupy seats on the benches. 

Sec. 2. To enforce this rule the captain of the other side 
may call the attention of the umpire to a violation, whereupon 
the umpire shall immediately order such player or players to be 
seated. If the order is not obeyed within one minute the 
offending player or players shall be lined $5.00 each by the 
umpire. If the order is not then obeyed within one minute, 
the offending player or players shall be debarred from further 
participation in the game, and shall be obliged to leave the 
playing field forthwith. 

Rule 21. — The Game. 

SUCTION i. Every championship game must lie commenced 
not later than two hours before sunset. 

Sec. 2. A game shall consist of nine innings to each con- 
testing nine, except that 

(a. ) If the side first at bat scores less runs in nine innings 
than the other side has scored in eight innings, the game shall 
then terminate. 

</>.) If the side last at bat in the ninth innings scores the 
winning run before the third man is out, the game shall 
terminate. 

Ki't.io 22. — A Tie Game. 
If the score be a tie at the end of the nine innings, play 
shall lie continued until one side lias scored more runs than the 
other in an equal number of innings, provided, that the 
last at the bat scores the winning run before the third man is out, 
the game shall terminate. 

Rule 23. — A Drawn Game. 
A drawn game shall be declared by the umpire when he 
terminates a game on account of darkness or rain, after five 



PLAYING RULES. 



39 



equal innings have been played, if the score at the time is equal 
On the last even innings played; except when the side that 
went second to bat is then at the bat, and has scored the same 
number of runs as the other side, in which case the umpire 
shall declare the game drawn without regard to the score of 
the last equal innings. 

Rri.K 24. — A Called Game. 

II the umpire calls "Game" on account of darkness or rain 
at any time after five innings have been completed, the score 
shall be that of the last equal innings played, but if the side 
second at bat shall have scored in an unequal number of 
innings, or before the completion of its unfinished inning one 
or more runs than the side first at bat, the score of the game 
shall be the total number of runs made. 

Rule 25. — A Forfeited Game. 

A forfeited game shall be declared by the umpire in favor of 
the club not in fault, at the request of such club, in the follow- 
ing cases : 

SECTION i. If the nine of a club fail to appear upon the 
field, or being upon the held, fail to begin the game within five 
minutes after the umpire has called "Play" at the hour 
appointed for the beginning of the game, unless such delay in 
appearing, or in commencing the game, be unavoidable. 

SEC. 2. If, after the game has begun, one side refuses or 
fails to continue playing unless such game has been suspended 
or terminated l.y the umpire. 

SEC. 3. If, after play has been suspended by the umpire, 
ide fails to resume playing within one minute after the 
umpire has called " Play." 

Sic. 4. If a team resorts to dilatory movements to delay 
the game. 

SEC. 5. If, in the opinion of the umpire, any one of the 
rules of the game is wilfully violati d. 

Sec. b. If, after ordering the removal of a player, as author- 
ized by Rules 20, 52 and 58, said order is not obeyed within 
one minute. 

Ski-. 7. If. because of removal of players from the game by 
the umpire, there be less than nine players in either team. 

SEC. 8. If, when two games are scheduled to be played on 
the same afternoon, the sei Ond game is not commenced within 
ten minutes of the time of completion of the first game. Thi 
umpire of the first game shall be thi per. 

SEC. 9. In case the uni: me forfeited, he 

shall transmit a written notice thereof to the president of the 



40 



PLAYING RULES. 



League within twenty-four hours thereafter. However, a fail- 
ure on the part of the umpire to so notify the president shall 
not affect his decision declaring the game forfeited. 

Rule 26 — No Game. 

" No game" shall be declared by the umpire if he shall ter- 
minate play on account of rain or darkness before five innings 
on each side aie completed. Except in a case when the game is 
called, and the club second at bat shall have more runs at the 
end of its fourth innings than the club first at bat has made in 
its five completed innings; in such case the umpire shall award 
the game to the club having made the greatest number of runs, 
and it shall be a legal game and be so counted in the cham- 
pionship record. 

Rule 27. — Substitutes. 

SECTION I. In any championship game each side shall be 
required to have present on the field, in uniform, conforming 
to the suits worn by their team mates, a sufficient number of 
substitute players to carry out the provision which requires that 
not less than nine players shall occupy the field in any innings 
of a game. 

Sic. 2. Any such player may be substituted at any time by 
either club, but a player thereby retired shall not thereafter 
participate in the game. 

Sic. 3. The base-runner shall not have a substitute run for 
him except by the consent of the captains of the contesting 
teams. 

Rule 28. — Choice of Innings — Condition of Ground. 

The choice of innings shall be given to the captain of the 
home club, who shall also be the sole judge of the fitness of the 
ground for beginning a game after rain, but, after play has been 
called by the umpire, he alone shall be the judge as to the fit- 
ness of the ground for resuming play after the game has been 
suspended on account of rain. 

Rule 29.— The Pitcher's Position. 

The pitcher shall take his position facing the batsman with 
both feet square on the ground, and in front of the pitcher's 
plate; but in the act of delivering the ball to the bat, one fool 
must be in contact with the pitcher's plate, defined in Rule 
8. He shall not raise either foot, unless in the act of deliver- 
ing the ball to the bat, nor make more than one step in such 
delivery. 



PLAYING RULES. 



41 



Rule 30. — A Fairly Delivered Ball. 

A Fairly Delivered Ball to the bat is a ball pitched or thrown 
to the bat by the pitcher while standing in his position and 
facing the batsman, the ball so delivered to pass over any por- 
tion of the home base not lower than the batsman's knee nor 
higher than his shoulder. 

Rule 31. — An Unfairly Delivered Ball. 

An Unfairly Delivered Ball is a ball delivered by the pitcher, 
as in Rule 30, except that the ball does not pass over any 
portion of the home base, or does pass over the home base, 
above the batsman's shoulder or below the line of his knee. 

Rule 32. — Balking. 

A Balk shall be : 

Section I. Any motion made by the pitcher to deliver the 
ball to the bat or to first base without delivering it. 

Sic. 2. The throwing of the ball by the pitcher to any base 
to catch the base-runner without first stepping directly towards 
said base immediately before throwing the ball. 

Sec. 3. Any delivery of the ball to the bat by the pitcher 
while his (pivot) foot is not in contact with the pitcher's plate, 
and he is not facing the batsman, as defined in Rule 29. 

Sec. 4. Any motion in delivering the ball to the bat by the 
pitcher while not in the position defined in Rule 29. 

SEC. 5. The holding of the ball by the pitcher so long as, 
in the opinion of the umpire, to delay the game unnecessarily. 

SBC. 6. Standing in position and making any motion to 
pitch without having the ball in his possession. 

SEC. 7. The making of any motion the pitcher habitually 
makes in his method of delivery, without his immediately 
delivering the ball to the bat. 

SEC 8. If the pitcher delivers the ball to the bat when the 
catcher is standing outside the lines of the catcher's position 
as defined in Rule 3. 

If the pitcher fails to comply with the requirements of any 
section of this rule the umpire must call " A balk." 

Rule 33. — Dead Balls. 

A Dead Ball is a ball delivered to the bat by the pitcher that 
touches any part of the batsman's person or clothing while 
standing in his position without being struck at, or that 
touches any part of the umpire's person or clothing while he is 
standing on foul ground without first passing the catcher. 



42 



PLAYING RULES. 



Rule 34. 

In case of a foul strike, foul hit ball not legally caught out, 
dead ball, or base-runner put out for being struck by a fair-bit 
ball, the ball shall not be considered in play until it is held by 
the pitcher standing in his position, and the umpire shall have 
called play. 

Rule 35. — Block Balls. 

Section i. A Block is a batted or thrown ball that is 
touched, stopped or handled by any person not engaged in the 
game. 

Sec. 2. Whenever a block occurs the umpire shall declare 
it, and the base-runners may run the bases without being put 
out until the ball has been returned to and held by the pitcher 
standing in his position. 

Skc. 3. In the case of a block, if the person not engaged in 
the game should retain possession of the ball, or throw or kick 
it beyond the reach of the fielders, the umpire should call 
"Time" and require each base-runner to stop at the last base 
touched by him until the ball be returned to the pitcher stand- 
ing in his position and the umpire shall have called " Play." 

Rule 36. — The Batsman's Position — Order of Batting. 

The batsmen must take their position within the batsman's 
lines, as defined in Rule 10, in the order in which they are 
named in the baiting order, which batting order must be sub- 
mitted by the captains of the opposing teams to the umpire 
before the game, and this batting order must be foil 
except in the case of a substitute player, in which case the 
substitute must take the place of the original player in the 
batting order. After the first inning the first striker in each 
inning shall be the batsman whose name follows that of the 
last man who has completed his turn — time at bat — in the 
preceding inning. 

Rule 37. 

Section i. When their side goes to the bat the players 
must immediately return to the players' bench, as defined in 
.Rule 20, and remain there until the side is put out, except when 
called to the bat or they become coachers or substitute base- 
runners ; provided, that the captain or one player only, except 
that if two or more base-runners are occupying the bases then 
the captain and one player, or two players, may occupy the 
space between the players' lines and the captain's lines to 
coach base-runners. 



PLAYING RULES. 



43 



Sec. 2. No player of the side "at bat," except when bats- 
man, shall occupy any portion of the space within the catcher's 
lines, as defined in Rule 3, The triangular space behind the 
home base is reserved for the exclusive use of umpire, catcher 
and batsman, and the umpire must prohibit any player of the 
side '• at bat " from crossing the same at any time while the 
ball is in the hands of, or passing between, the pitcher and 
catcher, while standing in their positions. 

Sue;. 3. The players of the side "at bat " must occupy the 
portion of the field allotted them, but must speedily vacate any 
portion thereof that may be in the way of the ball, or any 
fielder attempting to catch or field it. 

Rule 38. — The Baiting Rules. 

Section I. A Fair Hit is a ball hatted by the batsman — 
while he is standing within the lines of his position — that first 
touches "fair" ground, or the person of a player, or the um- 
pire, while standing on fair ground, and then settles on fair 
ground before passing the line of first or third base. 

SEC. 2. A Foul Hit is a similarly batted ball that first 
touches "foul" ground, or the person of a player, or the um- 
pire, while standing on " foul " ground 

Sec. 3. Should such "fair hit" ball bound or roll to foul 
ground, before passing the line of first or third base, and settle 
on foul ground, it shall be declared by the umpire a foul ball. 

Sec. 4. Should such "foul hit" ball bound or roll to fair 
ground and settle there before passing the line of first or third 
base, it shall b"e declared by the umpire a fair ball. 

Rule 39. 
A foul tip is a ball batted by the batsman while standing 
within the lines of his position that goes foul sharp from the 
bat to the catcher's hands. 

Rule 40. 

A bunt hit is a ball delivered by the pitcher to the batsmar 
who, while standing within the lines of his position, makes a 
deliberate attempt to hit the ball so slowly within the infield 
that it cannot he fielded in time to retire the batsman. If such 
a "bunt hit " goes to foul ground a strike shall he called by the 
umpire. 

Rule 41. — Halls Batted Outside the Grotjrbs. 

When a batted ball passes outside the grounds, the umpire 
shall decide it Fair should it disappear within, or Foul should it 
disappear outside of the range of the foul lines, and Rule 38 is 
to be construed accordingly. 



44 



I'LAYINi; KULES. 



Rule 42. 
A fair batted ball that goes over the fence shall entitle the 
batsman to a home run, except, that should it go over the fence 
at a less distance than two hundred and thirty-five (235) feet 
from the home base, when he shall be entitled to two bases 
only, and a distinctive line shall be marked on the fence at 
this point. 

Rule 43. — Strikes. 

A strike is : 

Section i. A ball struck at by the batsman without its 
touching his bat ; or, 

Sec. 2. A fair ball legally delivered by the pitcher, but not 
struck at by the batsman. 

Sec. 3. Any intentional effort to hit the ball to foul ground, 
also in the case of a "bunt hit," which sends the ball to foul 
ground, either directly, or by bounding or rolling from fair 
ground to foul ground, and which settles on foul ground. 

Sec. 4. A ball struck at, if the ball touches any part of the 
batsman's person. 

Sec. 5. A foul tip by the batsman, caught by the catcher 
while standing within the lines of his position. 

Rule 44. 
A Foul Strike is a ball batted by the batsman when any part 
of his person is upon ground outside the lines of the batsman's 
position. 

Rule 45. — The BATSMAH is Out. 

The Batsman is out : 

SECTION I. If he fails to take his position at the bat in his 
order of batting, unless the error be discovered and the proper 
batsman takes his position before a time "at bat " is recorded, 
and in such case, the balls and strikes called must be counted 
in the time "at bat" of the proper batsman, and only the 
proper batsman shall be declared out, and no runs shall be 
scored or bases run because ol any act of the improper bats- 
man, provided, this rule shall not take effect unless the out is 
declared before the ball is delivered to the succeeding batsman. 
Should batsman declared out by this rule be sufficient to retire 
the side, the proper batsman the next innings is the player who 
would h->ve come to bat had the players been out by ordinary 

P lav - 
Sec. 2. If he fails to take his position within one minute 

after the umpire has called for the batsman. 

Sec. 3. If he makes a foul hit other than a foul tip, as 

defined in Rule 31), and the ball be momentarily held by a 



I'l.AYINi; RULES. 



45 



fielder before touching the ground ; provided, it be not caught 
in a fielder's hat or cap, or touched by some object other than 
a fielder before being caught. 

SEC. 4. If he makes a foul strike. 

Sec. 5. If he attempts to hinder the catcher from fielding or 
throwing the ball by stopping outside the lines of the position, 
or otherwise obstructing or interfering with the player. 

SEC. 6. If, while the first base be occupied by a base-runner, 
three strikes lie called on him by the umpire, except when two 
men are already out. 

SEC. 7. If, after two strikes have been called, the batsman 
obviously attempts to make a foul hit, as in Rule 43, section 3. 

Si 1 . S. If, while attempting a third strike, the ball touches 
any part of the batsman's person, in which case base-runners 
occupying bases shall return as prescribed in Rule 49, section 5. 

Skc. 9. If he hits a fly ball that can be handled by an 
infielder while first and second bases are occupied, or first, 
second and third with only one out. In such case the umpire 
shall, as soon as the ball is hit, declare infield or outfield hit. 

Skc 10. If the third strike is called in accordance with 
..n 4, Rule 43. 

SEC. 11. The moment a batsman is declared out by the 
umpite, he (the umpire) shall call for the batsman next in order 
to leave liis scat on the bench and take his position at the bat, 
and such player of the batting side shall not leave his seat on 
the bench until so called to bat, except as provided by Rule 37, 
section 1, and Rule 52. 



BASE-RUNNING RULES. 
Rii.k 46. — When THE Batsman BECOMES a Base-Runnek. 

The Batsman becomes a Base-Runner: 

SECTION I. Instantly after he makes a fair hit. 

Sic. 2. Instantly after four balls have been called by the 
umpire. 

Sic. 3. Instantly after three strikes have been declared by 
the umpire. 

Sec, 4. If, while he be a batsman, without making any 
attempt to strike at the ball, his person or clothing be hit by a 
ball from the pitcher; unless, in the opinion of the umpire, he 
plainly avoids making any effort to get out of the way of the 
ball from the pitcher, and thereby permits himself to be so hit. 

Skc. 5. Instantly after "a Balk " is called by the umpire, 
except when the Juilk is call,;/ for violation of that part of 
sections 1 and 2 of Rule 32, which refers to throwing to bases. 



4 6 



PLAYING RULES. 



SfcC. 6. If, while he be a batsman, (he catcher interferes 
with him, preventing him from striking the ball. 
Rule 47. — Basks TO BE Touched. 

The base-runner must touch each base in regular order, viz., 
first, second, third and home bases, and when obliged to return 
(except on a foul hit; must retouch the base or bases in reverse 
order. He shall only be considered as holding a base after 
touching it, and hall then be entitled to hold such base until 
he has legally touched the next base in order or has been 
legally forced to vacate it for a succeeding base-runner. How- 
ever, no base-runner shall score a run to count in the game 
until the base-runner preceding him in the batting list (pro- 
vided there has been such a base-runner who has not been put 
out in that inning) shall have first touched home base without 
being put out. 

Rule 48. — Entitled to Bases. 

The base-runner shall be entitled, without being put out, to 
take the base in the following cases : 

SECTION i. If, while he was batsman, the umpire called 
four balls. 

Sec. 2. If the umpire awards a succeeding batsman a base 
on four balls, or for being hit with a pitched ball, or in case of 
an illegal delivery — as in Rule 46, section 5 — and the base- 
runner is thereby forced to vacate the base held by him. 

Sec. 3. If the umpire calls a " Balk." 

Skc. 4. If a ball, delivered by the pitcher, pass the catcher, 
and touch the umpire, or any fence or building within ninety 
feet of the home base. 

Sec. 5. If, upon a fair hit, the ball strikes the person or 
clothing of the umpire on fair ground. 

Sec. 6. If he be prevented from making a base by the 
obstruction of an adversary, unless the latter be a fielder having 
the ball in his hand ready to meet the base-runner. 

Sec 7. If the fielder stop or catch a batted ball with his hat 
or any part of his uniform except his gloved hand. 
Rule 49. — Returning to Bases. 

The base-runner shall return to his base, and shall be entitled 
to so return without being put out: 

Section i. If the umpire declares a foul tip (as defined in 
Rule 39), or any other foul hit not legally caught by a fielder. 
. 2. If the umpire declares a foul strike. 

Sir. 3. If the umpire declares a dead bail, unless it be also 
the fourth unfair ball and he be thereby forced to take the next 
base, as provided in Rule 48, section 2. 



PLAYING RULES, 



47 



SEC. 4. If the person or clothing of the umpire interferes 
with the catcher, or he is struck by a ball thrown l>\ the catcher 
lo intercept a base-runner. 

SEC. 5. The base-runner shall return In liis base if, while 
attempting a strike, the ball touches any part of the batsman's 
person. 

Rule 50. — When Base-Runners Are Out, 

The Base-Runner is Out: 

Section I. If, after three strikes have been declared against 
him while batsman, and the catcher fail to catch the third 
strike ball, he plainly attempts to hinder the catcher from 
fielding the ball. 

Sec. 2. If, having made a fair hit while batsman, such fair 
hit ball be momentarily held by a fielder before touching the 
ground, or any object other than a fielder ; PROVIDED, it be not 
caught in a fielder's hat or cap. 

SEC. 3. If, when the umpire has declared three strikes on 
him while batsman, the third strike ball be momentarily held 
by a fielder before touching the ground ; PROVIDED, it be not 
caught in a fielder's hat or cap, or touch some object other 
than a fielder before being caught. 

Sec. 4. If, after three strikes or a fair hit, he be touched 
with the ball in the hand of a fielder before he shall have 
touched first base. 

SEC. 5. If. after three strikes or a fair hit, the ball be 
securely held by a fielder wdtile touching first base with any 
part of his person before such base-runner touches first base. 

SEC. 6. If, in running the last half of the distance from 
home base to first base, while the ball is being fielded to first 
base, he runs outside the three-foot lines, as defined in Rule 7, 
unless to avoid a fielder attempting to field a batted ball. 

SEC. 7. If, in running from lust to second base, from second 
to third base, or from third (o home base, he runs more than 
three feet from a direct line between such bases to avoid being 
touched by the ball in the hands of a fielder; but in case a 
fielder be occupying the base-runner's proper path in attempt- 
ing to field a batted ball, then the base-runner shall run out of 
the path, and behind said fielder, and shall not be declared 
oat for so doing. 

SEC. 8. If he fails to avoid a fielder attempting to field a 
batted ball, in the manner described in sections 6 and 7 of this 
rule, or if he, in any way, obstructs a fielder attempting to field 
a batted ball, or intentionally interferes with a thrown ball ; 
Provided, that if two or more fielders attempt to field a batted 
ball, and the base-runner comes in contact with one or more of 



48 



PLAYING RULES. 



them, the umpire shall determine which fielder is entitled to 
the benefit of this rule, and shall not decide the base-runner 
out for coming in contact with any other fielder. 

Sec. 9. If, at any time while the ball is in play, he be 
touched by the ball in the hands of a fielder, unless sonic part 
of his person is touching a base he is entitled to occupy ; PRO- 
VIDED, the ball be held by the fielder after touching him. 

Sec. 10. The base-runner in running to first base may over- 
run said base, without being put out for being off said base, 
after first touching it, provided he returns at once and retouches 
the base, after which he may be put out as at any other base. 
If, in over-running first base, he also attempts to run to second 
base, or after passing the base he turns to his left from the 
foul line, he shall forfeit such exemption from being put out. 

Sec. 11. If, when a fair or foul hit ball (other than a foul 
tip as referred to in Rule 39) is legally caught by a fielder, 
such ball is legally held by a fielder on the base occupied by 
the base-runner when such ball was struck (or the base-runner 
be touched with the ball in the hands of a fielder), before he 
retouches said base after such fair or foul hit ball was so 
caught; Provided, that the base-runner shall not be out, in 
such case, if, after the ball was legally caught as above, it be 
delivered to the bat by the pitcher before the fielder holds it 
on said base, or touches the base-runner with it ; but if the 
base-runner, in attempting to reach a base, detaches it before 
being touched or forced out, he shall be declared safe. 

Sec. 12. If, when a batsman becomes a base-runner, the 
first base, or the first and second bases, or the first, second and 
third bases be occupied, any base-runner so occupying a base 
shall cease to be entitled to hold it, until any following base- 
runner is put out, and may be put out at the next base, or by 
being touched by the ball in the hands of a fielder in the same 
manner as in running to first base at any time before any fol- 
lowing base-runner is put out. 

Sec. 13. If a fair hit ball strike him before touching the 
fielder ; and, in such case, no base shall be run unless forci 'I 
by the batsman becoming a base-runner, and no run shall be 
scored or any other base-runner put out. 

Sec. 14. If, when running to a base, or forced to return to 
a base, he fail to touch the intervening base, or bases, if any, 
in the order prescribed in Rule 47, he may be put out at the 
base he fails to touch, or being touched by the ball in the 
hands of the fielder in the same manner as in running to first 
base ; PROVIDED, that the base-runner shall not be out in such 
case if the ball be delivered to the bat by the pitcher before 



PLAYING RULES. 



49 



tlie fielder holds it on said base or touches the base-runner 
with it. 

SEC. 15. If, when the umpire calls "Play," after any sus- 
pension of a game, he fails to return to and touch the base he 
occupied when "Time "was called before touching the next 
base ; PROVIDED, the base-runner shall not be out, in such case, 
if the ball be delivered to the bat by the pitcher, before the 
fielder holds it on said base or touches the base-runner with it. 

Rule 51. — When Batsman or Base-Runner is Out. 

The umpire shall declare the batsman or base-runner out, 
without waiting for an appeal for such decision, in all cases 
where such player is put out in accordance with these rules, 
except as provided in Rule 50, sections 10 and 14. 

Rule 52. — Coaching Rules. 

The Coacher shall be restricted to coaching the base-runner 
only, and shall not be allowed to address any remarks except to 
the base-runner, and then only in words of necessary direction; 
and shall not, by words or signs, incite or try to incite the specta- 
tors to demonstrations ; and shall not use language which will 
in any manner refer to or reflect upon a player of the opposite 
club, the umpire or the spectators, and not more than one 
coacher, who may be a player participating in the game, or 
any other player under contract to ami in the uniform of either 
club, shall be allowed at any one time, except, that if base- 
runners are occupying two or more of the bases, then the cap- 
tain and one player, or two players under contract to and in the 
uniform of cither club, may occupy the space between the 
players' lines and the captains' lines to coach base-runners. 
To enforce the above the captain of the opposite side may call 
the attention of the umpire to the offence, and thereupon the 
umpire must order the illegal coacher or coachers to the bench; 
if his order is not obeyed within one minute, the umpire shall 
assess a line of S5.00 each against the offending player or players, 
and, upon a repetition of the offence, the offending player 
or players shall be debarred from further participation in the 
game, and shall leave the playing field forthwith. 

Role 53.— The Scoring of Runs. 
One run shall be scored every time a base-runner, after hav- 
ing legally touched the first three bases, shall touch the home 
base before three men are put out. (Exception) — If the third 
man is forced out, or is put out before reaching first base, a 
run shall not be scored. 



5o 



PLAYING RULES. 



THE UMPIRE AND HIS DUTIES. 
Rule 54. 
The umpire shall not be changed during the progress of a 
championship game, except by reason of personal illness or 
injury incapacitating him for the discharge of his duties. 

Rule 55. 
The umpire is the representative of the League, and as such 
shall have power to enforce every section of the code of play- 
ing rules of the game, and he shall have power to order any 
player, or captain, or manager, to do or omit to do, any action 
that he may deem necessary to give force and effect to the laws 
of the game. 

Rule 56. 

There shall be no appeal from any legal decision of the 

umpire. 

Rule 57. 

Under no circumstances shall any player be allowed to dis- 
pute a decision by the umpire, in which only an error of 
judgment is involved ; and no decision rendered by him 
shall be reversed, except it be plainly shown by the code of 
rules to have been illegal; and in such case the captain alone 
shall be allowed to make the appeal for reversal. 
Rile 5S. 

SECTION I. In all cases of violation of these rules, by either 
a player or manager, the penalty for the first offence shall be a 
fine by the umpire of 85.00, and for a second offence, a prompt 
removal of the offender from the game or grounds, followed by 
such period of suspension from actual service in the club as the 
president of the League may elect. 

.2. The umpire shall, within twelve hours after fining 
or removing a player from the game, forward to the president a 
report of the action and the causes therefor. 

Sec. 3. Immediately upon notification by the Umpire that a 
fine has been imposed upon any manager, captain or player, 
the president shall notify the person so fined and also the club 
of wdiich he is a member, anil, in the event of the failure of the 
person so fined to pay to the secretary of the League the 
amount of said fine within five days of notice, he shall be de- 
barred from participating in any championship game or from 
sitting on a player's bench during the progress of a champion- 
ship game until such fine is paid. 

8EC, 4. When the offence of the player debarred from the 
game is of such a flagrant nature, such as the use of obscene 



M.AVINO RULES. 



51 



■play" at the hcwr appointed 
but also announce "game 



language or an assault upon a player or umpire, the umpire 
shall, within four hours thereafter, notify the president of the 
League, giving full particulars. 

Sec 5. lie shall also notify both captains before the game, 
and in the presence of each oilier, that all the playing rules 
will be impartially enforced, and that their failing to co-operate 
in such enforcement, will result in their being fined and, per- 
haps, their removal from the game. 

Rule 59. 
Before the commencement of a game the umpire shall see 
that the rules governing all the materials of the game are 
strii - 1 1 v- observed. lie shall ask t he captain of the home club 
whether there are any special ground rules to be enforced, and 
if there are, he shall see that they are duly enforced, provided 
they do not conflict with any of these rules. 

Rule 60. 
The umpire shall not only call ' 
for the beginning or the game, 
called " at its legal conclusion. 

Rule 6l. 
The umpire shall suspend play for the following causes : 
First, if rain is falling so heavily as to oblige the spectators on 
the open Geld and open stands to seek shelter, in which 
he shall note the time of suspension ; and should rain fall con- 
tinuously for thirty minutes thereafter he shall terminate the 
game. 

Rule 62. 
The umpire shall suspend play in case of an accident to him- 
self or to a player which incapacitates him or them from ser- 
vice in the field, or in order to remove from the grounds anv 
player or spectator who has violated the rules. 

Rule 03. 
In suspending play from any legal cause, the umpire shall 
call "time;" when he calls "time" the play shall he sus- 
pended until he calls " play " again, and during the interim no 
playet shall be put out, base be run, or run be scored. "Time" 
shall not be called by the umpire until the ball is held by the 
pitcher standing in his position. 

Rule 64. 
The umpire shall call and count as a " ball " any unfair ball 
delivered by the pitcher to the batsman, but not before such 
ball has passed the line of the home base. He shall also call 



r 



52 



PLAYING RULES 



and count as a " strike" any fairly delivered ball which passes 
over any portion of the home base, and within the batsman's 
legal range, as defined in Rule 43, which is not struck at by 
the batsman, or a foul tip which is caught by the catcher, 
standing within the lines of his position, or which after being 
struck at and not hit, strikes the person of the batsman ; or 
when the ball is purposely hit foul by the batsman, or when 
the ball is bunted foul by the batsman. 

Rule 65. 
No person shall be allowed upon any part of the field during 
the progress of a game in addition to the players in uniform, 
the manager of each side and the umpire, except such officers 
of the law as may be present in uniform, and such officials of 
the home club as may be necessary to preserve the peace. 

Rule 66. 

No manage/, captain or player shall address the spectators 
during the progress of a game, except in case of necessary 
explanation. 

Rule 67. 

Every club shall furnish sufficient police force upon its own 
grounds to preserve order, and in the event of a crowd entering 
a field during the progress of a game and interfering with the 
play in any manner, the visiting club may refuse to play further 
until the field be cleared. If the ground be not cleared within 
fifteen minutes thereafter, the visiting club may claim, and 
shall be entitled to the game, by a score of nine runs to none 
(no matter what number of innings has been played). 

Rule 68. — General Definitions. 
" Play " is the order of the umpire to begin the game, or to 
resume play after its suspension. 

Rule 69. 
" Time " is the order of the umpire to suspend play. Such 
extension must not extend beyond the day of the game. 

Rule 70. 

"Game" is the announcement by the umpire that the game 
is terminated. 

Rule 71. 
An "Inning" is the term at bat of the nine players repre- 
senting a club in a game, and is completed when three of such 
players have been put out, as provided in these rules. 



PLAYING RULES. 



53 



Rule 72. 

A " Time at Bat " is the terra at bat of a batsman. It begins 
when he takes his position and continues until he is put out or 
becomes a base-runner ; except when, because of being hit by 
a pitched ball, or in case of an illegal delivery by the pitcher, 
or in case of a sacrifice hit purposely made to the infield which, 
not being a base-hit, advances a base-runner without resulting 
in a put-out, except to the batsman, as in Rule 45. 
Rule 73. 

" Legal " or " Legally " signifies as' required by these rules. 

SCORING. 

Rule 74. 

In order to promote uniformity in scoring championship 
games the following instructions, suggestions and definitions 
are made for the benefit of scorers, and they are required to 
make all scores in accordance therewith. 
Batting. 

Section i. The first item in the tabulated score, after the 
player's name and position shall be the number of times he 
has been at bat during the game. No time at bat shall be 
scored if the batsman be hit by a pitched ball while standing 
in his position, and after trying to avoid being so hit, or in 
case of the pitcher's illegal delivery of the ball to the bat 
which gives the batsman his base, or when he intentionally hits 
the ball to the field, purposely to be put out, or if he is given 
first base on called balls. 

SEC. 2. In the second column should be set down the runs 
made by each player. 

Sec. 3. In the third column should be placed the first-base 
hits made by each player. A base-hit should be scored in the 
following cases: 

When the ball from the bat strikes the ground within the 
foul lines and out of reach of the fielders. 

When a hit ball is partially or wholly stopped by a fielder in 
motion, but such player cannot recover himself in time to 
handle the ball before the striker reaches Inst base. 

When the ball is hit with such force to an infielder that he 
cannot handle it in time to put out the batsman. (In case of 
doubt over this class of hits, score a base-hit and exempt the 
fielder from the charge of an error.) 

When a ball is hit so slowly towards a fielder that he cannot 
handle it in time to put out the batsman. 

That in all cases where a base-runner is retired by being hit 



54 



I'l-AYING UULES. 



by a batted ball, the batsman should be credited with a base-hit. 

When a batted ball hits the person or clothing of the umpire, 
as defined in Rule 48, section 5. In no case shall a base-hit be 
scored when a base-runner has been forced out by the play. 

SEC. 4. In the fourth column shall be placed the sacrifice 
hits, which shall be credited lo (he batsman who, when no one 
is out or when but one man is out, advances a runner a base by 
a bunt hit, which results in putting out the batsman, or would 
so result if the ball were handled without error, 

• Fielding. 

Sec. 5. The number of opponents put out by each player 
shall be set down in the fifth column. Where a batsman is 
given out by the umpire for a foul strike, or where the batsman 
fails to bat in proper order, the put-out shall be scored to the 
catcher. In all cases of "out" for interference, running out 
of line, or infield fly dropped, the "out" should be credited to 
the player who would have made the play, but for the action 
of the base-runner or batsman. 

Sec. 6. The number of times the player assists shall be set 
down in the sixth column. An assist should be given to each 
player who handles the ball in assisting a run out or other play 
of the kind. 

An assist should be given to a player who makes a play in 
time to put a runner out, even if the player who could complete 
the play fails through no fault of the player assisting. 

And generally an assist should be given to each player who 
handles or assists in any manner in handling the ball from 
the time it leaves the bat until it reaches the player who makes 
the put-out, or in case of a thrown ball, to each player who 
throws or handles it cleanly and in such a way that a put-out 
results, or would result if no error were made by the receiver. 

Assists should be credited to every player who handles the 
ball in the play which results in a base-runner being called out 
for interference or for running out of line. 

Ekrors. 

Sec. 7. An error shall be given in the seventh column for 
each misplay which allows a striker or base-runner to make 
one or more bases when perfect play would have insured his 
being put out, except that " wild pitches," "bases on balls," 
bases on the batsman being struck by a " pitched ball," or in 
case of illegal pitched balls, balks and passed balls, all of 
which comprise battery errors, shall not be included in said 
column. In scoring errors of batted balls see section 3 of this 
rule. 



PLAYING RULES. 



55 



An error shall not be scored against the catcher for a wild 
throw to prevent a stolen base, unless the base-runner advances 
an extra base because of the error. 

No error shall be scored against an infielder who attempts to 
complete a double play, unless the throw is so wild thai an 
additional base is gained. 

Stolen Basks. 
A stolen base shall be credited to the base-runner whenever 
he reaches the base he attempts to steal unaided by a fielding 
or by a battery error or a hit by the batsman. 

Rule 75. 

The Summary shall contain : 

Section i. The score made in each innings of the game. 

Sec. 2. The number of bases stolen by each player. 

Sec. 3. The number of two-base hits made by each player. 

Sec. 4. The number of three-base hits made by each player. 

Sec. 5. The number of home runs made by each player. 

Sec. 6. The number of double and triple plays made by 
each side and the names of the players assisting in the same. 

SEC. 7. The number of innings each pitcher pitched in. 

SliC. 8. The number of base-hits made of each pitcher. 

Sec. 9. The number of times the pitcher strikes out the 
opposing batsmen. 

Sec. 10. The number of times the pitcher gives bases on 
balls. 

Sec. 11. The number of wild pitches charged to the pitcher. 

Sec. 12. The number of times the pitcher hits batsmen 
with pitched ball. 

Sec. 13. The number of passed balls by each catcher. 

Sec. 14. The time of the game. 

Sec. 15. The name of the umpire. 



56 



INDEX TO RULES AND REGULATIONS. 



INDEX TO RULES AND REGULATIONS 



Sec. 

The Ground 

The Field. 

Catcher's Lines 

Foul Lines. 

Players' Lines 

The Captain and Coacher's Line 

Three-foot Line 

Pitcher's Plate 

The Bases 

The Batsman's Line 

The Home Base 

First, Second and Third Bases 

Lines Must Be Marked 

The Ball 

Weight and Size (D 

Number of Balls Furnished (v>) 

Fining Player for Discoloring New Ball (2) 

Furnished by Home Club (3) 

Replaced if Injured {4) 

The Bat 

Material of (1) 

Shape of (2) 

THE PLAYERS AND THEIR POSITIONS. 

Number of Players in the Gallic 

Players' Positions 

Players not lo Sit with Spectators 

Club Uniforms (1 ) 

Glov-.-s CJ) 

Players' Benches ( 1 ) 

Players Debarred from Game for Not Occupying Benches (2) 

THE GAME. 

Time of Championship Game (1) 

Number of Innings SI 

Termination of Game (a 

The Winning Run (b| 

A Tie. Game 

A Drawn Game 

A Called Game 

A Forfeited Game 

Failure of the Nine to Appear (1) 

Refusal of One Side to Play ffl) 

Failure to Resume Playing (.3) 

If a Team Resorts to Dilatory Practice (4) 

Wilful Violation (5) 

Disobeying Order to Remove Player ((>) 

Less than Nine Players (7) 



Rule 
1 

2 
3 
4 
5 
6 



10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
II 
11 
14 
11 
14 
15 
15 
15 



16 
17 
is 
IS 
IS 
20 
20 



21 
21 
21 
21 



24 
25 
25 
25 
25 
25 
25 
25 
25 



INDEX TO RULES AND REGULATIONS. 

Sec. 

Second Game to be Commenced Within Ten Minutes (8) 

Written Notice to President (9) 

No Game 

Substitutes 

Sufficient Number of Substitute Players (1) 

When Player May lie Substituted (2) 

Hast:- Runner (3) 

Choice of Innings— Condition of Ground 

The Pitcher's Position 

Delivery of the Ball— Fair Ball 

Unfair Ball 

Balking 

Motion to Deceive (1) 

Throwing by the pitcher to any base without stepping 

toward said base (2) 

1' nut Not in Contact with Pitcher's Plate (3) 

Pitcher Outside of Bines (4) 

Delay by Holding Ball (5) 

Standing in Position to Pitch Without Having Ball (6) 

Any Motion Made Without Immediately Delivering Ball.. (7) 
If the Pitcher Deli vers the Ball to the Bat when Catcher Is 
Outside the Lines of his Position (8) 

A Dead Ball 

A Foul Strike 

Block Balls 

Stopped l>y Person Not in Game (1) 

l!:ill Returned (2) 

: Runner Must StOI (3) 

The Batsman's Position — Order of Batting 

Where Players Must Remain (1) 

Space Reserved for Umpire (2) 

Space Allotted Players "At Bat " (3) 

Batting Rules— Fair Hit II) 

Foul Hit ('-') 

Fair Hit Which Rolls to Foul Ground (3) 

Foul Hit Which Rolls to Fair Ground (4) 

A Foul Tip 

A Bunt Hit 

Balls Batted Outside the Grounds 

A Fair Batted Ball Over the Fence 

Strikes 

Bull Struck at by Batsman (1) 

Fair Ball, Delivered by Pitcher (81 

Intentional Effort to Hit Ball to Foul (iron nd (31 

Foul Hit While Attempting a Bunt Hit (8) 

I'M si i ue! ;it after Touching Batsman's Person (4) 

Foul Tip by Batsman (5) 

A Foul Strike 

The Batsman is Out 

Failing to Take Position at Bat in Order (1) 

Failure to Take Position within One Minute after being 

Called (2) 

If he Makes a Foul Hit (3) 

If he Makes a Foul Strike (4) 

Attempt to Hinder Catcher 

Three Strikes Called by Umpire (U) 

Attempt to Make a Foul Hit after Two Strikes have been 

Called (T) 

If Ball Hits Him While Making Third Strike (8) 

If He Hits a Fly Ball that can Be Handled by Inficldcr 

while Bases are Occupied with only One Out (9) 



57 

RULK 
25 
25 
26 
27 
8» 
S7 
X.', 
28 



31 
32 



32 



33 
34 
35 
35 
35 
35 
38 
87 
37 
87 



39 
40 
41 

42 
43 
43 
43 
43 
13 
■13 
43 
11 
45 
45 

45 

45 
45 
45 
45 

45 

45 

45 



58 INDEX TO RULES ANTj REGULATIONS. 

Sec. 

If Third Strike is Called (10) 

Batsman Must Not Leave Bench Until Called by Umpire. .(11) 

The Batsman Becomes a Base-Runner 

After a Fair Hit (1) 

After Four Halls arc Called (2) 

After Three Strikes are Declared Cii 

If Hit by Hall While at Bat (4) 

After Illegal Delivery of Ball ftfl 

If Catcher Interferes (6) 

Bases to be Touched 

Base-Runner Shall Not Pass Another Base-Runner to 
Reach Home Base 

Entitled to Bases 

If Umpire Calls Four Balls (1) 

If Umpire Awards Succeeding Batsman Base (2) 

If Umpire Calls Balk i.ii 

If Pitched Ball by Pitcher Passes Catcher (4) 

Ball Strikes Umpir.- (5) 

Prevented from Making i'.isc (0) 

Fielder Stops Ball with Any Part of His Dress (7) 

Returning to Bases 

If Foul Tip m 

If Foul Strike (2) 

I f Dead Ball (8) 

If Person of Umpire Interferes with Catcher ( I i 

If the Ball Touches the Batsman's Person (6) 

Base-Runner Out 

Attempt to Hinder Catcher from Fielding Hall (1) 

If Fielder Hold Fair Hit Ball (2) 

Third Strike Batl Held by Fielder (.1) 

Touched with Ball After Three Strikes h\ 

Touching First Base (5) 

Running from Home Base to First Base (6) 

Running from First to Second Base (7) 

Failure to Avoid Fielder (8) 

Touched by Ball While In Play J9) 

Base- Runner May Overrun First Base (10) 

Fair or Fold Hit Caught by Fielder 1111 

Batsman Becomes a Base- Runner (12) 

Touched by Hit Ball Before Touching Fielder Il:i) 

Running to Base (14) 

Umpire Calls Play (16) 

When Batsman or Runner is Out 

Coaching Rules 

Scoring of Runs 

THF. UMPIRE. 

Umpires Shall Not Be Changed 

Powers 

No Appeal From Legal Decisions 

Disputed Decisions 

Penalties for Violation of Rules (1) 

Report of Action and Causes (2) 

Notification of Fines l.'I) 

Notification to League President (-1) 

Notification to Both Captains of Enforcement of Rules (5) 

Shall See that the Rules are Strictly Observed 

Shall Call Play 

Suspend Play 

Shall Call Balls and Strikes 



ROXB 
US 

45 
40 
46 
46 
46 
16 
48 
4fl 
47 

47 
48 
48 
48 

•is 

IS 

48 
48 
48 
49 
49 
40 
49 
49 
49 
50 
50 
50 
50 
no 
SO 
60 
60 
50 
50 
50 
SO 
SO 
BO 
50 
60 
51 
M 
53 



54 
66 
56 
57 
68 
68 
58 
58 
58 

69 

00 

62, (13 

64 



INDEX TO RULES AND REGULATIONS. 



59 



FIBLD RULES. Sf.c. 

Who Shall Be Allowed on the Field 

Spectators Shall Not He Addressed 

Every Club Shall Furnish Police Force 

GENERAL DEFINITIONS. 

Play 

Time 

Game 

An Inning 

A Time at Bat 

Legal 

Scoring 

Halting (1) 

Runs Made (2) 

Hits (3) 

Sacrifice Hits (4) 

Fielding (5) 

Assists ii',) 

Errors IT) 

Stolen Bases 

The Summary 

Score Made in Each Inning (1) 

Kumber of Ba I Stolen (■-.') 

Number of Two Base lliis c-1) 

Number of Three-Base Hits 11) 

Kumber ol Home Runs (5) 

Number of Double and Triple Plays ((i) 

Number of Innings Each Pitcher Pitched li (7) 

Number of Base-Hits < 111 Each Pitcher 

Number of Batsmen Struck Out by Each Pitcher I'.i) 

Number of Bases on Kails by Each Pitcher (10) 

Wild Pitches (11) 

Number of Batsmen Hit by Each Pitcher 1 12) 

Passed Balls 1 13) 

Time of Game (14) 

Name of the Umpire (15) 



Ruls 
65 
66 
67 



(iS 
69 
70 

71 

7a 

73 
71 
74 
74 
74 
74 
74 
74 
74 
74 
75 
75 
75 
75 
75 

ra 

75 
75 
75 
75 
75 
75 
75 
75 
75 
75 



6o 



ADDENDA. 



ADVICE TO UMPIRES. 

You are the absolute master of the field from the beginning 
to the termination of a game. You are by these rules given 
full authority to order any player, captain or manager to do or 
omit to do any act which you may deem necessary to maintain 
your dignity and compel respect from players and spectatois. 
(Rule 58.) 

The rules are created to be enforced to the letter. If they 
are poor rules the fault is not yours. If they are disobeyed you 
are to blame. 

Before " play " is called satisfy yourself that the field is cor- 
rectly laid off with lines, bases and plates in proper places, and 
that the material's supplied for the game are as required by the 
rules. (Rule 59.) 

Notify each captain that the rules will be enforced exactly as 
they are written, and that for each violation the prescribed 
penalty will follow. Do not in any case temporize with a rule 
breaker. 

Make all decisions as you see them. Never attempt to 
"even up" after having made a mistake. 

lie strict in what may seem to be trivial matters, thereby 
"nipping in the bud" trouble before it fully develops. 

Specially observe Rules 20 and 37, which require players to 
occupy their respective benches , also section 6 of Rule 25, 
which specifies that a player ordered from the field shall go 
within one minute from the time you order his removal from 
the game. 

Do not allow a player (not even a captain) to leave his posi- 
tion (which is the bench or coacher's box, for the captain 
whose side is at bat, or the regular fielding position of the cap- 
tain whose side is not at bat) to argue with you. The captain 
only is allowed to appeal to you (and he only from his proper 
position)on a legal misinterpretation of the rules. If he claims 
that you have erred, it is proper that the spectators should 
know what the claim is. (Rule 57.) 

Coachers have heretofore been a disturbing element to the 
umpire. Rule 52 provides just what his and what your duties 
are. These rules are mandatory, not discretionary. If you 
allow them to be violated you become the chief culprit and 
do not properly perform the duties of your position. Bear in 
mind that you are not responsible for the creation of the rules 
or the penalties prescribed by them. 

The umpire who enforces the rules, maintains his dignity 
and compels respect, gives the fullest satisfaction to both 
trains and to the spectators. 

Compel respect from all and your task will be an easy one. 



SPALDING'S OFFICIAL BASE BALL GUIDE. 



61 



A SIMPLE WAY FOR LAYING OFF A BALL FIELD. 

Lay a tape-line from centre of backstop out into the field 217 
feet 3% inches to second base. At 90 feet from backstop place 
home plate, with the tape-line dividing it diagonally. Between 
150 feet 6 inches and 150 feet 10 inches from the backstop 
place the pitcher's plate, with tlie tape-line dividing it at the 
centre ; 153 feet 7% inches, from backstop drive a stake. At 
right angles to the tape-line and 63 feet 7% inches from the 
stake and 90 feet from both home plate and second base, place 
first base on one side and third base on the other. This done 
remove the stake. Lay lines connecting the bases thus laid, 
forming the diamond, extending the lines from home base and 
first base and home base and third base in each diection to 
the fence, thus forming the foul lines and the catcher's position. 
Parallel with these lines and 50 feet away lay the players' 
lines, extending from intersection with lines already laid 75 
feet. From this point lay lines at right angles to lines just 
described, extending to the base lines. At right angles to 
these and parallel with the base lines, 15 feet distant, lay the 
coachers' lines, extending, say, 30 feet towards the outfield. 
Parallel with and 3 feet distant from the base line from home 
base to first base lay a line beginning 45 feet from home plate 
and extending just past first base. 

On each side of home plate, parallel with line from centre of 
backstop to second base and 6 inches distant from home plate, 
lay lines 6 feet long, running 3 feet each way from a line 
through the centre of home plate, also lay other lines parallel 
with and 4 feet distant from the ones just described, form 
these into rectangles 4 feet by 6 feet in dimension, thus 
forming the batsman's position. See amendment to Kule 9 on 
location of home base. 

Observe Rules II, 12 and 13. 

xs 

HOW TO FIND PERCENTAGES. 

In answer to a number of inquiries .is how to figure out the average of the 
players, the following examples are given : 

To i ind thk batting tmber of base-hits by the 

number of times ;it bat. Example : > Delehanty, in (899, made 234 base-hits 
and was at the bat 573 times; 231 divided by 573 equals .408. 

To find the fielding RECORD — Divide (he number of chances accepted 
by the total chances. Example: Clarke, in 18110, had a total of B98 
chances and accepted 8K3 (*1!J put-outs and 34 assists); 883 divided by 8113 
equals .988. 

To find thk STANDING OF thk ci. uiis— Divide the number of games won 
by the games played. Example: Brooklyn, tn 1809, played 150 games 
and won 101 ; 101 divided by 150 equals .073, the per cent, for the year. 



62 



anni;ai. meeting of national lkague. 



Annual Meeting of the Board of Directors 

of the 

National League and American Association of Professional Base 

Ball Clubs, held at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, New 

York City, Tuesday, December 12, 1899. 

Meeting called to order at 12 o'clock noon. 

Present: N. E. Young, Chairman, and Messrs. Soden, Hart, 
Brush, Wagner, Reach and Robison, Directors. 

The report of the Treasurer was received and approved. 

The Secretary presented the appeal of the New York Club 
in the case of Geo. Wrigley. After a careful consideration of 
the case it was decided that all games played by the Brooklyn 
Club in which Geo. Wrigley participated be thrown out as 
illegal games, and he not counted in the championship series. 
Mmed, that the further consideration of the appeal of the New 
York Club be postponed until to-morrow at II o'clock, to per- 
mit the New York Club to present to this Board a specific list 
of their claims for damages. 

In the matter of the protest of the Boston Club against a 
game played by the Brooklyn and Louisville Clubs in Brook- 
lyn, which could and should have been played in Louisville, 
the Board decided that the game be thrown out and not counted 
in the championship series. 

The Treasurer was directed to pay Mr. Jno. 1!. Day the sum 
of §169.70 on account of expenses incurred in 1897. 

On motion, adjourned to meet at 11 o'clock A. M. on the fol- 
lowing day. 

THURSDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1899. 

Meeting called to order at 12.25 ''• M., and proceeded to 
consider the appeal of the New York Club against the decision 
of the Umpire in forfeiting game of June 16th., in favor of the 
Brooklyn Club. After a careful consideration of the appeal 
and the evidence presented, it was unanimously resolved that 
the appeal of the New York Club for the remission of the fine 
imposed on account of the forfeiture of the game on June 16, 
1899, be sustained and that said game be not counted as a 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



63 



game played in the championship series, because (lie forfeit- 
ure as declared by the Umpire, was not according to the rules 
prescribed for forfeited games. 

The Secretary presented a tabular statement of champion- 
ship games won and lost during the season of iSgq. On mo- 
lion (he following resolution was adopted: 

Resolved, That the Brooklyn Base Ball Club, of Brooklyn, 
N. V., having won the greatest percentage of games in the 
championship series, is hereby awarded the base ball cham- 
pionship of the United States for the year igoo. 

The Secretary presented an appeal of the New York Club 
against the decision of Umpire McGarr in game September 9th. 
On motion it was resolved that in consideration of the fact 
that there is not sufficient evidence before this body to warrant 
intelligent action upon this appeal, that it be dismissed. 

The Board proceeded to consider the claim of the New York 
Club for damages claimed to have been sustained by reason of 
the loss of the services of Geo, Wrigley. Mr. Brush moved 
that some measure of damage be allowed the New York Club 
and that the amount be determined after it is decided whether 
damages are to be allowed. Lost on a tie vote. Soden, Brush 
and Wagner, Yes. Hart, Reach and Robison, No. 

\fr. Soden moved that it is the finding of this Board that the 
New York Club is entitled to damages in the sum of $1250, to 
he paid by the Brooklyn Club, by reason of their conduct in 
taking Geo. Wrigley from the New York Club. Lost by same 
vote. 

Mr. 1 Srush moved that it is the finding of this Board that the 
New York Club is entitled to damages in the sum of $500. to 
be paid by the Brooklyn Club by reason of their conduct in 
taking Ceo. Wrigley from the New York Club. Carried: 
Hart and Robison voting No. Mr. Reach moved a reconsider- 
ation of the last motion, which motion was carried. Soden 
and Brush voting No. 

Mr. Soden moved that Mr. Brush's motion lie again put to a 
vote, and lost on a tie vote. 



6 4 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



Mr. Soaen moved that further consideration of the appeal of 
the New York Club as far as it relates to damages, be laid 
upon the table to be considered again prior to the adjournment 
of this session. Carried unanimously. 

Mr. Soden moved that the Board take up the appeal of the 
New York Club, so far as it relates to the penalty that might 
attach to the Brooklyn Club, by reason of their conduct in con- 
tinuing to play Geo. Wrigley on their team after having been 
notified by the President of the League to the contrary. Car- 
ried unanimously. 

Mr. Brush moved that the Brooklyn Club be fined the sum 
of >5O0, for continuing to play Geo. Wrigley on their team 
after having been notified by the President of the League to 
the contrary. Mr. Robison moved to amend the motion by 
striking out the words, " Fined the sum of $500, " and insert- 
ing the word, "reprimanded." The motion was lost, Soden. 
Brush, Wagner and Reach voting No. Mr. Brush's motion 
was then put to a vote and carried: Hart and Robison vot- 
ing No. 

Mr. Soden moved that the appeal of the New York Club for 
damages be now taken up for consideration and action. Car- 
ried unanimously. 

Mr. Reach moved that by reason of the fact that there is a 
deadlock in the Board, the Board is unable to come to any 
conclusion on the question of awarding damages to the New 
York Club. Carried unanimously. 

On motion adjourned. 



(Signed) 



N. E. Young, Chairman, 
A. J. Reach, 
I Fames a. Hart. 

Directors: ■ \ •• ... 

J. Earl Wagner, 
Frank DeHass Robison, 
a. 11. Soden. 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 65 

ANNUAL MEETING NATIONAL LEAGUE 



Annual Meeting of the National League and American Asso- 
ciation of Professional Base Ball Clubs, held at the 
Fifth Avenue Hotel, New York City, 
Tuesday, December J 2, J 899. 
Meeting called to order by the President at 6 o'clock p. m., 
and on motion adjourned to meet at 2 o'clock P. M. on the fol- 
lowing day. 

WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1 899. 
Meeting called to order by the President, and on motion ad- 
journed to meet subject to the call of the President. 

FRIDAY, DECEMBER 15, 1899. 
Meeting called to order by the President at I o'clock P. M. 
At the suggestion of President Young, Mr. A. II. Soden was 
unanimously requested to act as chairman. 

Present : 

A. H. Soden and J. B. Billings, representing the Boston Base 
Ball Association; Thos. II. Stuckey and II. C. Pulliam, repre- 
senting the Louisville Base Pall Company; Barney Dreyfussand 
\V. W. Kerr, representing the Pittsburg Athletic Company; 
M. S. Robison, representing the Cleveland Base Ball Company; 
F. Dell. Robison, representing the American Base Ball and 
Athletic Exhibition Company of St. Louis, Mo.; J. E. Wagner, 
representing the National Base Ball Club of Washington, IXC; 
W. II. Conant, representing the National Exhibition Company 
of New York City; Jas. A. Hart, representing the Chicago 
League Ball Club; C. II. Ebbets and F. A. Abell, representing 
the Brooklyn Ball Club; Edw. Hanlon and II. R. Von der 
Ilorst, representing the Baltimore Base Ball and Exhibition 
Company; Jno. T. Brush, representing the Cincinnati Base 
Ball Club; A. J. Reach and Jno. I. Rogers, representing the 
Philadelphia Ball Club (Limited). 

The minutes of the last meeting were read and approved. 



(,6 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



The Secretary presented and read the report of the Board of 
Directors, which was on motion received and filed for future 
i onsideration. 

The National Agreement was amended as recommended by 
the National Board. Sections 30 and 40 of the League Consti- 
tution were amended as follows: (See Constitution). 

The following officers were elected for the ensuing year : 

Board of Directors — F. D< II. Robison, Jas. A. Hart, Jno. T. 
Brush, Jno. I. Rogers, A. II. Soden and Andrew Freedman. 

National Board of Arbitration — N. E. Young, F. DeH. 
Robison, Jno. T. Brush, A II. Soden, Jno. I. Rogers and Jas. 
A. Hart. 

Mr. Rogers moved that we proceed to elect a Supervisor of 
Umpires. Mr. Hart moved that it be deferred to a subsequent 
meeting. Carried. 

Messrs. Rogers, Brush and Hart were appointed a committee 
on the League Constitution. The Secretary was authorized to 
pay Mr. Overall the sum of $500.00. 

The committee on Playing Rules were continued. Mr. 
Rogers moved that action be deferred until the Spring meeting 
in relation to the suits brought in St. Louis for non-compliance 
with the Registry law. Carried. 

The Secretary presented letters from Messrs. A. G. Mills 
and Henry Chadwick in relation to furnishing our Army and 
Navy with such implements as will enable them to Indulge in 
the game of base ball. Colonel Rogers offered the following 
resolution : 

Resolved, That the National League and American Asso- 
ciation of Professional Base Ball Clubs, in annual meeting 
assembled, hereby endorses the application of Henry C.liad- 
wick, Km)., seconded by A. G. Mills, Esq., to the Honorable 
Secretary of War for the supply to the enlisted men of the 
Army, the necessary number of Bases, Balls, Bats, Playing 
Rules, etc., to enable our soldiers, under proper regulations, 
to indulge as a pastime in the great National Game of Base 
Ball; 



ANNUM. MEETING OK NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



67 



Resolved, That we will also endorse a similar application to 
tlie Honorable Secretary of the Navy for similar liberal action 
towards our sailors. 

Resolved, That such generous consideration of the wants and 
pleasures of the Army and Navy will not only meet with the 
grateful appreciation of the recipients, but of our citizens at 
large, and will, we believe, be conducive to greater physical 
development, and consequent improved discipline of both arms 
of the service. 

Resolved, That a duly attested copy of these Resolutions be 
presented to the Honorable Secretaries of War and Navy, or 
their Representatives, by the President of this League in 
person. 

Mr. Hart moved that the schedule for the season of 1900 
consist of 132 games. On motion of Mr. l'ulliam, action on 
Mr. Hart's motion was deferred for the present. Mr. Hart 
moved that the Umpires be scheduled for the entire season. 
On motion the consideration of the question of scheduling the 
Umpires was postponed for the present. 

The Brooklyn Club protested against the action of the Board 
of Directors in fining their club. Mr. Robison moved that the 
fine of $500.00 be stricken out and the word " Reprimand " be 
substituted. Lost. 

On motion, the report of the Board of Directors was adopted. 

On motion, adjourned to meet at 10 o'clock A. M. on the fol- 
lowing day. 

SATURDAY, DECEMBER l6, IS99. 

Meeting called to order at 11.30 A. M. All clubs represented. 

Mr. l'ulliam, representing the Louisville Club, stated that 
his club was prepared to continue its membership and meet all 
its obligations as a League member, or it was ready and willing 
to retire if it was deemed for the best interests of the organiza- 
tion that they should do so, upon any fair and equitable basis. 
Mr. Brush moved that a committee of three be appointed to 
consider the tender that has been made by the Louisville Club, 
and also to consider the position of the Cleveland Club or any 



68 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NA 1TONAL LEAGUE. 



other Club that may be interested in the matter, said commit- 
tee to ascertain the facts and conditions and report to this body 
at some subsequent meeting. Mr. Robison moved to substi- 
tute four for three members to constitute such Committee. 
Carried. On motion of Mr. Robison, Messrs. Brush, Soden, 
Hart and Rogers were selected as such Committee. On motion, 
it was unanimously agreed that when this meeting adjourns, it 
adjourns to meet subject to the call of the President. 
On motion adjourned. 

(Signed) A. H. SODEN, Chairman. 
N. E. YOUNG, Secretary. 



ANNUAL MEETING OK NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



6 9 



RECONVENED ANNUAL MEETING 

J» 

Reconvened Annual Meeting of the Board of Directors of the 
National League and American Association of Profes- 
sional Base Ball Clubs, held at the Fifth Ave- 
nue Hotel, New York City, Wed- 
nesday, March 7, 1900. 

Meeting called to order by Mr. A. H. Soden, Chairman, at 
3.50 P. M. 

All clubs present except Brooklyn, Baltimore, St. Louis and 
Cleveland. 

On motion, the reading of minutes of last meeting was dis- 
pensed with. 

On motion, the following preamble and resolution was 
adopted: 

Whereas, the interest in baseball throughout America is in- 
fluenced to some degree by the conditions in the city of New 
York, the metropolis of the United States; and 

Whereas, the decline in interest in the above-named city is 
mainly due to what the New York management believes to have 
been an unjust and unwise discrimination against its interests 
through the action of one of its duly organized boards; and 

Whereas, the New York Club management, notwithstand- 
ing said discrimination, has at an annual expense of many 
thousand dollars, protected the National League and American 
Association from the disastrous consequences of rivalry of op- 
position leagues by retaining control of Manhattan Field, and 
by refusing tempting offers from organizations inimical to the 
interest of the League and base ball in general: 

Now, THEREFORE, in the interest of the sport and in the in- 
terest of justice and harmony within our organization, and in 
recognition of loyalty under adverse conditions, 

Be it resolved. That N. E. Young be directed to pay from 
any funds in his custody as Treasurer of the League, One 
Thousand Dollars ($1,000), with six per cent. (t%) interest 
from August 15, 1898, to date, 



7" 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAG1 K. 



On motion, meeting adjourned until 6 P. II. 
Meeting called to order at 7.30 P. M. All clubs present ex- 
cept Brooklyn ami Baltimore. 

On motion, adjourned to meet at I o'clock P. M. on the fol- 
lowing day. THURSDAY, MARCH 8, KJOO. 

Meeting called to order at 1.30 l>. M. 

The following named gentlemen were present as the repre- 
sentatives of their respective clubs: 

A. H. Soden and W. II. Conant, representing the Bo 
Base Ball Association. 

Fred M. Knowles, representing the National Exhibition 
Company of New York City. 

Barney Dreyfus and W. W. Kerr, representing the Pittsburg 
Athletic Company. 

M . S. Robison, representing theCleveland Base Ball Company. 

II. C. Pulliam, representing the Louisville Hum- Ball < Company. 

Edward Hanlon and II. R. Von cler Ilorst, representing 
"The Baltimore Base Pall and Exhibition Company." 

John I. Rogers and A. J. Reach, representing the Philadel- 
phia Ball Club, Limited. 

C. II. Ebbetts and F. A. Abel], representing the Brooklyn 
Base Ball Club. 

J. T. Brush, representing the Cincinnati Base Ball Club. 

Geo. W. Wagner and J. Earl Wagner, representing the 
National Base Pall Club of Washington, D. C. 

James A. Hart, representing the Chicago League Pall Club. 

!•'. Dell. Robison, representing the American P. P. & Ath. 
Ex. Co., of St. Louis, Mo. 

The Circuit Committee through its chairman, Mr. Jno. T. 
Brush, submitted its report. 

On motion, a recess was taken for thirty minutes. 

Meeting called to order at 8.30 P. M. 

Col. Rogers, on behalf of the committee, made a supplemental 
verbal report. 

After a lengthy discussion and the roll being called the 
Chairman announced that the report of the Circuit Comn 
had been unanimously adopted. 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



71 



On motion adjourned to meet at 10.30 A. M. on the follow. 
ing day. FRIDAY, MAKCH 9, 1900. 

Meeting called to order at 11.50 A. M. 

The Committee on Amendments to Constitution recom- 
mended that tlie Constitution and Playing Rules be amended 
so as to provide for a single system of umpires. On motion, 
they were accordingly adopted. 

The l'laying Rules were amended as follows: (See Playing 
Rules.) 

On motion, it was voted that the schedule shall consist of 140 
games. 

Mr. Hart moved that the championship season open on 
Thursday, April 19. 

On motion, the last sentence of Section 37 of the League 
Constitution was stricken out. 

On motion, Mr. Young was fully authorized to prepare a 
ichedule for the season of 1900 and the ■■nun', when prepared, 
shall be adopted without further reference to the League. 

It was unanimously agreed that the umpires be scheduled for 
the entire season, and that the schedule be published. 

Mr. ROGERS: Mr. Chairman, at the adjournment of the 
ing last night, when the vote was taken on the adoption of 
the Circuit Committee's report, we were directed to prepare a 
formal or legal report so as to bind everybody to its provisions. 
The committee has approved of this resolution, which I am now 
about to read 'and submit it for adoption if the League so order. 

(Resolution read.) 

Upon the roll being called, the resolution was unanimously 
adopted. 

The resolution was then signed by every club present. It 
was found that all had signed except New York, 

On motion, the Chairman was appointed a committee of one 
to take charge of the document nt it to Mr. Freed- 

man, of the New York Club, for Lis signature. 

Mr. Rogers moved that a Sup Umpires be elected. 

Carrii 



72 



ANNUAL MEETING OF NATIONAL LEAGUE. 



Mr. Jno. B. Day was unanimously elected Supervisor of Um- 
pires and Players. 

The following named gentlemen were duly elected League 
umpires for 1900, namely: Robert Emslie, Henry O'Day, C. 
E. Swartwood, Thos. If. Connelly and T. Hurst, 

Article 0, of the National Agreement was amended by substi- 
tuting the words " the sum of $100" in place of " the sum of 
$150." 

Mr. Rogers offered the following resolution which was adopted: 

Resolved, That the President of the League be instructed to 
notify the President of the American League that the location 
of a club in the city of Chicago, as rumored, would be in vio- 
lation of Article 28 of the National Agreement, and make the 
offender subject to the penalties prescribed by the National 
Agreement. 

The following resolution, offered by Col. Rogers, was 
adopted: 

Resolved, That the National League and American Associa- 
tion of Professional Base Ball Clubs will pay to the National 
Exhibition Company, operating the New York Base Ball Club, 
any future deficit made by said Club because of its lease and 
maintenance of Manhattan Field, provided its rental and 
maintenance shall not exceed $15,000 per annum. All net 
earnings of the field shall be credited and set off against the 
said sum of $l5,°oo; this guarantee to continue during the 
lease of said grounds by the said club until the surrender or 
transfer, or until the said club shall permit professional base 
ball clubs, not under the protection of the National Agree- 
ment, to lease or occupy said grounds, provided that the New 
York Club, when compelled by necessity to use said grounds, 
shall not be charged any rental therefor. 

No further business appearing, on motion, adjourned. 

(Signed) A. II. SODEN, Chairman. 
N. E. YOUNG, Secretary. 



A\ 



73 



OFFICERS. 

The following is an official list of the officers of the National 
League and American Association of Professional Base Hall 
Clubs, and officers of Clubs, members thereof, for the season 
of 1900. 

N. E. YOUNG, President and Secretary, 

1417 G St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

DIRECTORS. 

A. II. Sodkn, Jas. A. Hart, Jno. I. Roop.rs, F. Df.H. Robison, 

J. T. Brush and Andrew Freedman. 

BOSTON BASE BALL ASSOCIATION, BOSTON, MASS. 
A. II. Soijen, President, 410 Atlantic Ave. 
J. B. Billings, Treas., Box 1756. 

BROOKLYN BASE BALL CLUB, BROOKLYN, N. Y. 
Ciias. II. Ebbetts, President. F. A. Abell, Treas. 

CINCINNATI BASE BALL CLUB, CINCINNATI, O. 

J. T Brush, President. N. A. Lloyd, Treas. 

Court and Plum Streets. 

CHICAGO LEAGUE BALL CLUB, CHICAGO, ILL. 
Jas. A. Hart, President, Fisher Building. 

PITTSBURG BASE BALL CLUB, PITTSBURG, PA. 
Barney Dreyfuss, President, 808 Liberty Street. 

PHILADELPHIA BALL CLUB (Limited), PHILA., PA., 

A. J. Reach, President. Jno. I. Rogers, Treas. 

Fidelity-Mutual Building. 



74 OFFICERS. 

NATIONAL EXHIBITION CO., NEW YORK CITY. 

Andrew Freedman, President. Fred M. Knowi.es, Sec'y. 

142 Broadway. 

AMERICAN BASE BALL AND ATHLETIC EXHIBITION 

CO. OF ST. LOUIS, MO. 

F. DeIL Robison, Pres. Ciias. E. Becker, Vice-Pres. 

L. Heieiikunek, Sec'y. 

BALTIMORE BASE BALL CLUB, BALTIMORE, Ml). 

Edward IIanlon, President, 1401 Mt. Royal Ave. 
11. R. Von der IIorst, Treasurer, American Building. 

II. R. Borman, Secretary, 1727 N. Broadway. 

CLEVELAND BASE BALL COMPANY. 

M. Stanley ROBISON, President. Geo. \V. Muir, Secretary. 

Cuyahoga Building. 

LOUISVILLE BASE BALL COMPANY. 
IIakry C. PULLIAM, President. 

WASHINGTON NATIONAL BASE BALL CLUB, 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 

Geo. W. Wagner, President. J. Earl Wauner, Treas. 



XJ 



V 



Official Ceacjue Statistics 

Compiled by N. E. Young, President of the National League. 



V 



xs 



BATTING RECORD 

Of Players "Who Have Taken Part in Fifteen or More 
Championship Games, Season of 1899, 



•-'i 



Name. 



Delehanty 

Burkett 

Hickman 

McGraw 

Lajoie 

ECeeler 

Barrett 

Wagner 

i Williams.... 
h ide 

j Beaumont. . . 

I Tenney 

I I (avis 

-Clark 

Stahl 

Flick 

iciii. . . 

Seymour 

i ready. 

ey 

■ ■land. . 

\ tCeister 

) Frisbie 

{Heidrick — 
Dunlin 
Kelley 
Chiles 

cry 

■ ■ 

.1 IS 

Freeman 

Wood 

Hoi tnefi 

Daly 

Cornflower.. 

K.etcham ... 

Everett 

Ritchie 

Brodie 

Smitii 

Doyle 

Zimmer 

Crawford . . . 

McCarthy... 
- Bradley Chicago. 

I .;■< '!, tnee . ... Baltimore 



Club. 



Philadelphia.. 

St. Louis 

Boston 

Baltimore 

Philadelphia 

Brooklyn 

( Cincinnati 

Louisville 

Pitttsburg 

I n< innati 

Pittsburg 

Boston 

New York 

Louisville, , . 

Boston. 

Philadelphia 

Cincinnati 

New York 

New York 

Cincinnati 

Philadelphia 

Baltimore 

! 

St. I .■ >ni s. 

St. 1 ,ouis 

Brooklyn 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburg 

Philadelphia 

Washington 

Cincinnati 

Baltimore 

Brooklyn*. 

land 

Louisville 

:11c 

Baltimore 

Baltimore ami Brooklyn.. 

New York 

Cleveland and Louisville. 

Cincinnati 

Pittsburg 



S3 

- 3 

<\ « 



; . 



133 234 836 

115 228 286 
15l 25! 41 

■ 
70117174 

1-11 215 259 
30 84 ll 
. ■ ■ 

126 219 381 
57 87 112 
ffi 149 183 

111 309 270 
69 1 11 180 

121 209 267 

123 201 281 

nil 167 222 

18 36 15 

H7 173 -'It 
59 106 154 

21 is 5fi 
109 196 253 

19 ss [26 
10( 17H 347 

54 105 154 
78 I 19 196 
HI 136 176| 
135 176 196 



57 


181 


117 


l.'.l 


:i| 


884 


81 


187 






i-.v, 


178 



1M7 1ST 
82 60 
88176 
96 [.-■; 
6 S3 
13] IS 
87 164 
87 161 
mi 165 
24 

51 11" 
r,i 103 
36 89 

Wfl 1 
36 in 
65 1 Hi 



8 

1 
i; 

i 

8 

ia 

ii 

H 
I 
. r i 

3 
16 

li 
B 
6 
SO 

:; 
11 

339 I 
835 1 
824 s 

3 is 5 
817 '.' 
815 hi 

811 Q 
811 1 
809 1 1 

.808 I 
807 1 



75 



76 



OF1-1CIAL LEAGUE STATISTICS. 
BATTING RECORDS — Continued. 



Name, 



Hamilton — 

Fultz 

Hoy 

Foster 

O'Brien 

Mertes 

_ McGuire .... 

Mercer 

Barry 

Crisham .... 

Schroccongo 
\ Selback 

* Wallace 

( Van Haltren . 

I Ryan 

Jennings 

( Sheckard 

■ Cassidy 

urn 

Schrivor 

I Donovan 

- Green 

/ Dineen 

i Wolverton . . . 
-jFarrell 

( Smith 

j Quinn 

( Cross 

j Leach. , 

( Chance . 

Ely 

Sheibeck 

Jones 

Stafford 

) Robinson 

I Sullivan 

( Goeckel 

* Harris 

( McPh.ee 

Clarke 

I Sugdoo 

* MrKean 

I DeMont'vitle 

iCooley 

[ Duffy 

I Corcoran 

: Stenzel 

[O'Brien 

j Bonner 

I Dahleu 

i Dowd 

i Collins. 

hill . . . 

I Anderson. 

Slagle 



Club. 



Boston 

Baltimore 

Louisville 

New York 

New York 

Chicago 

Brooklyn and Washington, 

Washington 

Washington 

Baltimore 

Cleveland and St. l.ouis.... 

Cincinnati 

St. Louis 

New York 

Chicago 

Brooklyn 

Baltimore 

Brooklyn and Washington*.. 
Brooklyn and Washington* . 

Pittsburg 

Pittsburg 



Washington 

Chicago 

Brooklyn and Washington. 

Cincinnati 

Cleveland 

St. Louis ami Cleveland.. .. 
Louisville 

i 

Pittsburg 

Washington 

v 

Washington and Boston. . . 
Baltimore 

Boston 

Philadelphia 

Baltimore 

Cincinnati 

Pittsburg 

Cleveland 

St. l.ouis. 



C 



SI 294 
56 219 
[55 848 

ss ills 
152 576 
inn ISO 
99 348 
•.is 369 
ill 
168 
I ■ " ! 
511 
576 
607 
52 1 



Chicago and Baltimore... 
Philadelphia 



Boston. 

Cincinnati 

St. Louis and Cincinnati. 

Washington 

Washington 

v. and Brooklyn. . . , 
[and 

' 

Cleveland and St. Louis.. 

Brooklyn 

Washington 



51 I n- ■;.: 
[861500 115 



si 299 



:«' 
lit; 
II.-. 
389 
■:>;i 
342 
599 
561 
in I 
[90 
521 
94 
368 
'.".i; 

355 
71 
[84 
tin 
lofi 871 
79 801 
78 249 
67 270 
148 550 

hi lor 

1 17 588 
185 581 

II 154 
121 l.v.i 

85 348 

!■;■; [28 ss 

146 608 xi 

l.'d 597 '-is 

62 281 " 

112 II:: 68 

1 16 597 92 



inn 
7(i 
252 
186 
I76|285 
128 205 



174 267 
183 219 

158 207 

160 208 
59 89 
i- 218 
87 180 

159 isl 
111 122 



175 212 
164 208 
117 154 
68 



[50 

: _>; 

104 

III! 

81 
88 

17 
103 
B5 

70 

7H 
154 
III n* 
I ill 220 
lis 175 

431 r.7 
las 159 

96 Kin 
1 !•> His 
[66 198 
I HI 228 

ll')| 87 
[21 160 



:io:i i; 
.808 1 
.:;i ill 1 
.303 2 
.802 20 89 
.302} 5 11 
.lilil 1 IK 



301 4 
..'ion in 
.-.".is ll 
.298 ii 
.298 1" 
.297 11 3 
296 k'.m 
it; 
o 

LS 
8 

11 

■J.". 

Hi 
119 

II 
'.I 
i 

It 

[2 
:i 



(5 

180 

1 11 

1 

3 

ir. 

is 
18 
80 

ill 

K 
I '.'II 
I 31 
I Hi 

r> 

88 
("SO 



.aim 


s 


.awl 8 


.air. 1 1 


.295 


1 


.295 


7 


292 


2 


.8118 


s 


.289 


in 


.289 


■ ' 


.288211 


.281 .', 


.286 I 


.286 1 1 


.-.•si 1 


.284 ii 


288 '.i 


.are! i 




s 


.282 


8 


.'.'HI 


i 


.281 


1 


.asti III 


.280 6 


.279 11 


.279 i.'. 


.'.'in 5 


.279 11 




.1:711 


1 


. 


1 




:i 










871 


i 


,278 


'1 



OFFICIAL LEAGUE STATISTICS. 
RATTING rf.cords. — Continued. 



77 



Name. 



x 



56 



51 Piatt 

50 Padden 

( Warner 

> Peita 

I Nops- 

•< Bowerman... 

( Madison 

Wilson 

i( 'lingman . . . 
Gleason 
Lowe 
Taylor 
CMlds 

[ Douglas 

j Smith 

j Reitz 

| Louder 

Dexter 

\ Hnrt/tdl 

- ( >'l 'Mrniur... . 

( Hughes 



Elberfield 

Cross 

Cunningham 

Dillon 

Miller 

Casey 

Fleming 

Long 



■ r 

I ><<lan 

Callahan .... 

. Wills 

McCormick — 
Tebeau 

Lewis 

!l >■'!]■ .line .. . . 
Barley 
Sullivan .... 
Tternan 
rlly 

Tonnehilt.. . 

, Woodruff ... 

! Bernhardt. . . 
Orth 
Magoon 

/ Dunn 

hi) Steinfcldt 

| Kennedy. ■•■ 

(j. I I Kifield 

* | 1 Lee. 

Harttnan . ■ ■ 

84 Alherron 



70 

71 

73 

7-\ 
74 



76 '■ 



7H 
79 



Cl-UB. 



Philadelphia 

Washington 

New York 

Cincinnati 

Baltimore 

Pittsburg 

Pittsburg 

New York 

Louisville 

New York 

Boston 

Chicago 

St. Louis 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburg 

Pittsburg 

Philadelphia 

Louisville 

Louisville 

St, I rOUlS 

Brooklyn , 

[0 

Cincinnati 

Philadelphia 

Louisville 

Pittsburg 

St. Louis and Cincinnati. . 
Washington and Brooklyn 

New York 

Boston 

Boston 

St. Louis , 

Philadelphia 

Chicago 

Louisville 

Chicago i 

St. Louis , 

Boston i 

Chicago i 

Cleveland 

Cleveland 

New York 

Louisville 

Pittsburg 

New York 

Philadelphia 

Philadelphia 

Chicago and Baltimore..... 

Brooklyn t 

Cincinnati 

Brooklyn , 

Philadel. and Washta 

Pittsburg 

New Vork , 

Washington 



30 m 

181 166 

88081 
91 891 
82104 
107 m 
88 119 
98 332 
Kin ;;; i 
l is 583 
i.v.» :><;-,' 
IS [89 



n 

66 

87 

45 

6 
54 
18 
48 
6' 
73 
SO 
25 
73 
27 

9 
12 
71 
16 

51 

17 

lis 

23 

83 
17 

21 
is 
79 

S 

in 

or 
■.'ii 
IS 
40 
87 
'J 

88 
68 
88 118 
17 



26 1:1 



.278 
.272 
.271 
.271 
.289 
.288 
.269 
.268 
.281 
.265 
.967 
.2t:o 

266 
.264 
.264 
,268 
.268 
.262 
.261 
.281 
.261 
.260 
.259 
.259 
.258 
.258 
.2.17 
.257 
.257 

• 

■ 

.•r.i; 
.255 
255 
!284 

252 

.250 
.250 
.251) 
.217 
.246 
.246 
.2(5 
.215 
.'2+1 
.244 

.211 
.941 
.941 

.211 
210 



.'! 
K27 

2 18 

Hi 8 
o 

18 12 
2 2 

7 16 
'.I 12 

8 28 

19 11 




8 
8 
2 
3 
15 
i ';il 

6 
1 



28 



78 



OFFICIAL LEAGUE STATISTICS. 
BATTING RECORDS — Cull /! lined. 



00 

01 

92 
93 
M 
95 

97 

'.is 
99 
100 

101 

102 

103 



[06 

106 

in; 
[OS 

109 

iio 

in 

U2 

118 

111 
US 

110 

117 

lis 



119 

BO 
121 
122 

124 
I -.'.-. 



Kakx. 



Gettig 

\ McAllister.. 

|B1 k< 

leer 

j Roach 

Taylor 

Carsey 

Doheny 

an 

I Powers 

Irwin 

Clarke 

Hardest? 

Bates 

Gettman 

1 low ling 

Lockhead. . . . 

Haw ley 

Id 

r 

Phillipi 

Young 

Willis 

O'Brien 

Yeager 

Connor 

Wrigley . . . 

Weyhing .. . 



i Holier 

i kin. ... 

Powell 

Mel rinnity. . . 

Davis 

McFarland . 

Nichols 

SudliofT 

Vaughan 

He 

Fra&er 



Club. 



i Cuppy .... 
/ Woods . . . 
Kit t ridge... 

{ Mc lames . 

I Ihik-n 

m 

I (iarven.. . . 

"TO.... 

It 

aldt 

1 Phillips... 

I Kneppcr.. . 

Howell 

Sparks 



New York 

Cleveland 

St. Louis 

Cleveland 

Washington 

Cincinnati 

Cleveland, Wash, and N. V 

Nov.- York 

Cleveland and Washington. 
Washirj iiiisvHle 

Cincinnati 

Boston 

New York 

Cleveland and St. Louis .. 

i^-ton 

Louisville 

out 

Cincinnati 

Cincinnati 

ili; and Washington 

Louisville 

St. Louis 

Boston 

Pittsburg and Baltimore 

Brooklyn 

Chicago. 

yn and New York. . 

.:ton 

Baltimore 

Pittsburg 

New York and Boston 

Si. Louis 

Baltimore 

Washington 



■ . . . . 

ml and St. Louis. . . , 

ati 

Philadelphia 

■ : j'lii.'t 

-M . Louis 

ilte 

ind Louisville 
ir. I'liila. and Wash 

iid 

n 

Washington 

Cincinnati 

( Chicago 

Pittshtirg 

New York 

Cleveland 

Cincinnati 

Cleveland 

'ittshurg 

Baltimore 



ll'i 
94 
126 159 






.239 
.288 
,288 
.337 
.28! 
.286 
.234 
.288 
.232 
.282 
.281 
.229 
.228 
.227 
.226 

.223 

'•-"Jl 

.220 

.'.'is 

.216 

.210 
.21 
.309 
.206 
,206 
21)0 

,200 
.200 
.198 
.198 

.186 
,181 

.nil 

.178 
. i; 
,176 
.174 
.11 I 
.166 
.162 
.Hi' 

[68 
.11 

147 

11 

no 
.189 

IBS 



t, 2 
2 2 

n 

1 « 

2 1 
6 21 

0| 
n 2 
12 3 



I 2 
■I 1 

II li 



.J38| 



OFFICIAL LEAG1 l ! ITISTICS. 79 

FIELDING RECORD 

Of Players Who Have Taken Part in Twenty or More 
Championship Games, 

FIRST BASEMEN. 



Name. 



Club. 



i Clarke .. . 

-; O'Connor. 



-„ ( TJowerman . 
'* | WSlsori 



Pittsburg. 

St. Louis 

Pittsburg 

Cincinnati. 

Brooklyn and Washing'n 

St. L01 

Baltimore, 

Brooklyn, 

Brookly 

Cincinnati 

Baltimore 



! m 



Sfork 

, Louisville 

, Brooklyn and Washing'n 

. Phi ladelphia 

. T.ouisv. and Wash! n 

. Philadelphia 

I .ouisvilfe 

Cleveland and St. Louis. 

Pittsbure 

. New Vork - 



E 


■J, 



Oh 


< 


w 
10 


41 
O 

^5 


79 




:;t 


24 


243 r; 


:i 


258 


30 


802 16 


5 


1 


185 


1294 71 


IH 




m 


1.830 61 20 


nil 


<;; 


639 '.'1 9 


672 


m 


1262 i" 19 


1321 


m 


175 22 


8 


51 15 


11 


398 25 


7 


425 


2] 


206 1 1 


1 


224 


£9 


2811; 111 


5 


245 


m 


i-.mi 56 a 


1821 


150 


i 176 95 88 


1609 


\m 




1627 


116 


1129 6981 


1229 


78 


15 ... 12 


B08 


37 


88(1 


16 in 


856 


85 


378 


12 


11 


39(1 


21 


I'X 


4 


1) 


206 


12 


l.-.N 


16 11 


48H 




: 5f 




24 


261 


11 10 276 


|:: 


161 


s 18 186 


s» 




I, 11 887 


22 


238 


19 


hi 





988 
988 

us; 

986 
.986 
.985 

.988 
,982 
.979 
.977 
.976 
975 
976 

.972 
.971 
971 

.'.nil 
.963 
.962 
.968 



SECOND BASEMEN. 



Reilz 

! DeM .ncrcvillc. 

I Quinn 

'hee 

Connor 

I Lowe 

, i Lajoie 

'' J Ritchey 

1; 1 I'Brie 

■■ infeldt 

s K.jislur 

I McCormick .. 

I 1 rleason 

nner 

11 Padden 

lilds 

18 Stafford 

11 Duly 

15 I Man 



Pittsburg 85 

Chicago and Baltimore... 01 

1 146 

t in' inn.ni Inn 

45 

Boston 152 

Philadelphia (IV 

Louisville 138 

Baltimore and Pittsburg. . 1 15 

Cincinnati :18 

Baltimore HI 

1 . '.is 

rlt MS 

Washington 89 

Washington Is 

1 1 

Boston and Wasningto 

1 [48 

Philadelphia I 00 



86 116 5 
180 195 18 

240811 24 

89 1 in 111 
851 169 86 
223 2 12 21 
354 130 85 






I4i 120 17 
321 848 Hi 
36 50 1; 
385 154 54 



205 

:;ss 
814 
575 
289 
B66 
485 
819 

718 
20! 

221 

5,1 

930 
177 

284 .940 
718 936 



,976 
.966 
.960 
.958 
.958 
.968 

'.15, 
.1157 
,948 
.947 

.'.HI 
.944 
948 



So 



OFFICIAL LEAGUE STATISTICS. 
THIRD BASEMEN. 



Name. 



Cross 

Collins 

McGraw .. . 
Wallace .... 

Sullivan 

Irwin 

Wagner .... 

j Leach 

"J Bradley.. 
Lauder 

(Williams. 

"i Hart man. 
Steinfeldt .. 

J Atherton . 

j Casey... . 

Grady 

Connor 

Wolverton . 
Mercer 

\ Fulu 

| O'Brien.. 



Cl.t/H. 



St. Louis and Cleveland . , 

Boston 

Baltimore 

St. Louis 

Cleveland 

Cincinnati 

Louisville 

Louisville 

Chicago. . . 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburg 

New York 

Cincinnati 

Washington 

Washing'n and Brooklyn. 

New York 

' 

igo 

Washington 

Baltimore 

New York 



222 86 1 

■ 
1 J'.i 266 
si; 160 
188 340 
lOfl [88 

146 189 

1-.' 87 

211 .'Jir, 

249 351 

81 HHi 

8S 181 

Its 1!5 

166 289 
25 hi 
19 57 

128 227 

78 96 

16 11 
21 86 



It 



612 .967 

681 .962 

I M 943 

864 .982 

407 .928 

268 .'.HI 

2111 .907 

372 .901 

121 .901 

685 .900 

668 .898 

186 .898 

246 .894 

2lu .887 

[21 .876 
87 .878 
105 .871 
198 AVI 
68 .888 
68 .888 



SHORTSTOPS. 



I 'avis 

! Dahlen 

I F.ly 

\ Coicoran 

i Long 

Lockhead 

(Wallace 

) Padden 

IjCross 

'.* Clingman 

Hi Uazoon 

11 n-'Mi-ntreville.. 

12 Keister 

| Shcibcck 

I Elberfield.... 

McKean 

Leach 



H 



New York 

Chicago and Brooklyn. 
Pittsborg 

Cincinnati 

Boston 

Cleveland 

St. Louts 

ton 

phia 

Louisville 

Chicago and Baltimore. 
and Baltimore. 

Baltimore 

Washington 

( ii" Ennati 

St. Louis 

Louisville 



Ill 




773 


116 




1172 


[32 




814 


123 


281 122 54 


767 


142 




888 




. 


882 


i. 




664 


88 




622 


[S3 


385 581 R6 


982 


ins 


194 ::— :,', 




120 


272 


[82 ," 


774 


82 


mi 


308 53 




,(i 


174 


278 "in 


602 


27 


n; 


75 [6 


186 


28 


51 


62 1 1 


127 


42 


71 


' 


220 


26 


69 


78|27 


1«4 



944 

928 
916 

".ill 
.914 
912 
911 
90S 

'.HI I 

900 

B89 
B89 
866 

. 835 



OUTFI1 



Brodic .... 

j l.angc. . . 

I Blake... 

Kelly 

Delehanty 



Baltimore . 

Chicago. . . 
Si. Louis. . 
Brooklyn. . 
Philadelphi 



188 


809 


IE 


7 


881 


99 




21 


:. 


248 


-ii 




18 


1 


r.c. 


III 


809 


26 


8 


843 


iir. 


285 


20 


'.i 


314 



.979 
.979 
.976 
,971 



OFFICIAL LF.AGUF. STATISTICS. 
OUTFIELDERS — Cullthlllfil. 



8l 



Name. 



Kceler 

IStah) 

"I Smith 

\ Hamilton ... 

[ Fa ter 

Duffy 

1 Clarke 

I Dowd 

McCarthy 

i 

'1 

*| Crawford . .. 

(Chiles 

■ Ryan 

| Thi mas 

Stafford 

Dexter 

I Slagle 

i Setback 

Van Maltrcn.. 
j Donovan.... 

1 Flick 

Sheckard 



n 

Miller 

in 

I Full/ 

i M, Bride .... 

Boy 

Freeman 

I Barrett 

I Burkett 

Mertes 

Hcidrick 

i M. Allistcr.. 
I Anderson . . 

Beaumont 

O'Brien 

Harwell 



Harlcy 

Harry 

ry 

ling 

I'lisliie 

Scylmld 

I Vitilin 

Sullivan 

Hemphill 



CLUIi. 



Brooklyn 

Boston 

Cincinnati 

Host on 

New York 

i 

Louisville 

i.md 

Pittsburg 

oltis ville 

St. Louis anil Cincinnati. 

Cincinnati 

Philadelphia.. 

t Ihicago 

Philadelphia 

Washington and Huston.. 

Louisville 

ngton 

Cincinnati 

\.'\v York 

Pittsburg 

Philadelphia 

Baltimore 

Brooklyn 

Chicago 

New York 

St. Louis anil Cincinnati. . 

New Vork 

Baltimore 

Cincinnati 

Louisville 

; ngton 

nati 

St. Louit 



i IMS 

Ulli 

Brooklyn 

Pittsburg 

ington 

ville 

H 

mil 

; ngton 

Pittsburg 

New Vork 

B »stoi 

Cincinnati 

St. Louis 

Cleveland 

Cleveland and St. Louis. . 



aoi 

258 
179 
168 

Ml 
843 
32 1 

■is.'. 

103 

80 
60 
82 
264 
3M 
si; 

ia 

108 

868 
286 
187 
234 

806 

■•, i, i 

ITS 

2 i:> 
[66 

■ 

re 
is 

388 



18 24 

is 17 
2 8 
20 25 



23! 
289 

116 
865 
868 
866 

128 
95 
78 
92 
29 1 
841 
W 

n; 
in; 

102 
382 

'.'in 
269 

228 

20 1 

49 

BO 

11-.' 
876 
268 

16 
.-! US 
238 
26 I 

' 

80! 

88 

85 I 

856 

84 

284 

in 

79 

is 



,9T0 
.969 
.969 
.986 
.966 
.964 
.963 
.968 
.'.n;-> 
.969 
.968 
.958 
.956 
.986 
.986 
.966 

.958 

.960 
.960 
.949 
.948 

.'.us 
.941 
.946 
.946 

.'.HI 
.sin 
,989 

.'.':;. 

.986 
.984 

.988 

.li'J'.p 
.928 
.987 
,927 

.981 
919 

.'.us 
918 

9111 

.900 
.899 
.896 



82 



OFFICIAL LEAGUE STATISTICS. 
CATCHERS' RECORDS. 



Name. 



Peitz 

Ziliimer ....... 

Parrel! 

Kittridge 

Donahue 

McGuire 

Bergen 

Bowerman 

Douglas 

O'Connor 

Warner 

Schrivcr 

Creigcr 

Sullivan 

Chance 

Clarke 

Robinson 

McFarland 

Powers 

Wood 

Sugden 

Grady 

Smith 

Schroecongost . 

I NjDcan 

Wilson 



Club. 



Cincinnati 

Cleveland and Louisville. 
Brooklyn and Washing'n. 
Washing's and Louisville. 

Chicago 

Brooklyn and Wasni&g'tt. 

Boston 

Pittsburg 

Philadelphia 

St. Luuis 

New York 

Pittsburg. 

St. Louis 



Chicago 



l):illiniore 

Philadelphia 

Washing n and Louisville. 

Cincinnati 

Cleveland 

New York 

Baltimore and Brooklyn.. 
Cleveland and St. Louis.. 
Cleveland and Washing'n. 
New York 



Ill 881 

88 280 

90 301 

71 255 
79 280 

64 1-'.' 
66 184 

' 
75 228 
22 92 
51 186 
SO '.'1 1 
[05 287 
go 394 
111 159 
58 1 1 'J i 
i 1 I SB 
39 129 
57 157 
64 184 
28 71 
'.".i 105 



91 

mi; 
in 
ii^ 

I OS 

126 

s-l 
! 22 

se 

117 

m; 
*i 
96 
71 
82 
1 22 
37 

4K 15 
llii 28 

18 IS 

51 111 



v a. 



.1155 
.949 
.942 

.'.HI 

'.CIS 
!«5 
.931 
.930 
.928 
.D27 
Ms .925 
399 .922 
341 .921 






,918 

.;ns 
.909 

.'.ins 
.904 
SU7 
sin 

sss 

sea 



:m 15' s 1671.862 



PITCHERS' RECORDS IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER. 







—' 


i i 

■ 


W 




"a 

O-r- 


j 


•6 

.5 S. 
3 o 










' 'i. 


q 
o 

£ 




w 


o y 

E« 


Name. 


Club. 


h 


a L'S 


a 






M 








c aS 


3 




.- ■ 




= a 






V 


V 

u 


OX 


as 


^ 


■Ji 


/ 


" § 






» 






> 


.t: 




c" 


to 






20 


ftt 

.068 


.882 


< 

9.15 


X 


S3 
100 


/ 


A. 


Bates 


Cleveland, St. Louis 


825 




Cincinnati 




.5111 


2H3 


1 5i ; 


i 


ff? 


fW 


928 






-1 


551 1 


•*i1 




iv 




34 


.927 

.760 


Pittsburg 


Iff 


400 


2Rff 


fl I" 


11 








r-> 


•"i| 


5 00 








.912 








"171 






85 










898 


5 72 


17 


19fl 






New York 


u j.-.i 


.278 

.302 


6.09 

5.42 


86 
10 


160 
108 






3fl 


.424 


to 


.881 



OFFICIAL LEAGUE STATISTICS. 



83 



pitchers' records — Continued. 



Dowling 

Dunn 

Donahue 

r'raser 

Fifield 

Griffith 

Garvin 

Gcttig 

Hughet 

Howell 

Hughe; ...... 

Hofiei 

H.iliTl 

! law ley 

Knepper 

Kennedy 

Kit^'ii 

Leever 

Lewis 

r 



in 

Mi rarland. . . 
Mel linnity. . . 

Nops 

Nichols 

Orth 



Phillip! 

Powell 

Sudhofl 

Seymour 

Schmidt 

Sparks 

Mil 

1 

Taylor 

W< ■ l,in B 

Woods 

Willis 

Young 



Louisville 

1 vn 

Philadelphia 

Philadelphia 

Phi'a., Washington. 

Chicago 

Chicago 

New York 

lyn 

Baltimore 

Cleveland 

Pittsburg 

Cincinnati 

Cincinnati 

( lleveland 

lyn 

Baltimore . .. . 

urg 



Washington 

Lou.. P., Wash'n. .. 
Mew York, B 

lyn 

Washingtoi 

Baltimore 

Baltimore 



Philadelphia 

1 tphia 

Louisville 

u:lti 

St. Louis 

Cleveland, St. Louis 

New Vmk 

Cleveland 

Pittsburg 

Pittsburg 

j. 

nati 

Washington 

Louisvifle 

lioston 

St. Louis 






.408 
.648 
.768 
,618 

.629 
. 128 
166 
.828 
.666 
.12! 
.470 
.766 
. 188 
.154 
.676 
.579 
. 188 

.33.4 
.364 

i 13 

.298 

.652 

.si III 
.579 
.558 
.607 

.424 
.424 

HI 
.625 
.605 
. 150 
.429 
. 147 

.684 



.276 1.82 
.282 1.23 
.266 4.59 

31 



262 
269 

n 

,231 

296 
354 

269 I 



4.47 

4.71 

6.80 

8 

t.88 



8.8 

5.68 

7.46 

8.7 

3.79 



.-•II 1.69 
.268 1.28 



6.09 
5.1 



29 
.253 



00 
S.07 






1.8! 

I 13 
289 I IS 

.267 1.71 
.268 1.08 
.294 I. In 
,3215.54 

.2768.78 18 

.299 5.18 m 
.808 5.47 2S 
.287 1.86 6 

.841 1.08 1: 



■6 

MS 

5 •■5 8 

u tfi 

- = a 



8! 
45 

41; 
76 
18 

71 
66 
86 
86 
K 
:■ 

3:1 
11- 

43 
50 

:,: 

r.< 

124 
60 
2S 
89 
51 

110 
48 
71 
On 

109 
85 

IlNI 
73 
42 
85 
88 
11 
28 
51 
64 
7n 
29 
98 
35 24 
lis 119 
■is 109 



.849 
.937 
.933 
.797 
.850 
.910 
.808 
.788 
.881 
.865 
.728 
.868 
.831 
.909 
.800 
.825 
,886 

.SS7 
.801 
.908 

.808 
.798 
,888 

.890 
.870 
ss| 
B71 
.881 
.871 
.828 

.844 

.788 
.818 
.955 
.910 

s;s 

.791 

[Kit! 

.841 
.870 



- o 


April 
10, SO, 81, 22 
June 28, 24 

July 8 

Sept. 23. 24 

Oct. 7 


April 

23, 24, 25, 26 

Aug. 

23. 2.-1, 26 

Sept. 
25, 26, 27 


6, 7, 8, 9 

June 
SB, 26, 27 

Aug. 19 
Oct. 13, 14 






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Spalding 
J_^eague 
Ball 




IS THE ONLY 



OFFIC IAL BALL Nali lT„ g „ e 

And MUST Be Used in All Games 




i/ft/mcfylvx/ 




7aB 







A. G. SPALDING & BROS. 



NEW YORK 



CHICAGO 



DENVER 



One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Goods 

"THE SPALDING " 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 




The Spalding Official League Ball 




Adopted and used by the 

National League for 

twenty-three 

years. 

No. 1. EACH, $1.85 

J» 

The Spalding 
Official Boys' League Ball 

Made exactly same as our 

League Ball, only 

smaller in 

size. 

No. IB. EACH, 75c. 



N'o. X. Spalding's Commercial League Ball. 

No. XB. Spalding's Boys' Commercial League Ball. .50 

No. O. Spalding's Donble Seam Ball. . . 1.25 

No. 2. Spalding's Professional I'.all. . . .50 

No. 3. Spalding's Amateur Ball. . . . .35 

No. 5. Spalding's King of tile Diamond Ball. . .25 

If a dealer does not carry Spalding's 
athletic good send your name 

and address to lis (and his, too) for a 
copy of our handsome, illustrated catalogue. 

A. G. SPALDING & BROS. 

NEW YORK CHICAGO DENVER 




One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Goods 

" THE SPALDING " 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 




No. 



No. 



No. 10. Spalding's High Flyer. A very lively ball ; the 
inside is all rubber, making it the liveliest ball ever 
offered at the price. .... Each, 25c. 

No. 7B. Spalding's League Junior. Slightly under regular 
size, horsehide cover, and is very lively ; carefully 
made, and a perfect boys' size ball. . Each, 25c. 
7. Spalding's Boys' Favorite. Regulation size and 
weight, horsehide cover, and well constructed. An 
excellent regulation ball for boys. . Each, 20c. 

6. Victor. The best 15-cent ball ever put on the 
market; regulation size and weight. . Each, 15c. 

No. 14. Spalding's Boys' Amateur. This ball is a little 
under regulation size, has a sheepskin cover, and is 
very lively Each, 15c. 

No, 9B. Spalding's Boys' Lively. A good boys' lively 
ball, juvenile size, two-piece cover. . Each, 10c. 

No. 8. Spalding's Eureka. Nearly regulation size and 
weight ; the best cheap ball for the money on the 
market. Each, 10c. 

No. 13. Spalding's Rocket. . . . Each, 5c. 

If a dealer does not carry Spalding's 
athletic goods in stock, send your name 
and address to us (and his, too) for a 
copy of our handsome, illustrated catalogue. 

A. G. SPALDING & BROS. 

NBW YORK CHICAGO DBNVER 



One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Goods 

"THE SPALDING" 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 




The Spalding; " Highest Quality " Bat. 



No. Ai. Lengths 32, 33, 34, 35, 36 inches, quality guar- 
anteed Each, 75c. 

Spalding's Trade-Harked Bats. 

No. 3-0. Spalding's Black End Wagon Tongue Ash Bat, 

League quality ; handle roughened by our patented 

process, for better grip. . . . Each, 50c. 

No. OX. Spalding's Black End " Axletree " Bat. Finest 

straight-grained ash, improved models. Each, 35c. 

No. 2X. Spalding's Black End "Antique" Finish Bat, 

Extra quality ash. .... Each, 25c. 

No. 4. Spalding's Black End Willow Bat. Highly finished 

and polished, and strongest light wood bat made. 

Each, 25c. 
Boys' Bats. 
No. 3X. Spalding's Junior League Bat. Extra quality 

ash; lengths 30 and 32 inches. . . Each, 25c. 
No. 2XB. Spalding's Black End " Antique " Bat. Selected 

ash, polished and varnished; length, 31 inches. 

Each, 10c. 
No. 10. Spalding's Boys' Favorite Ash Bat. Length, 31 

inches Each, 5c. 

If a dealer does not carry Spalding's 
athletic goods in stock, send your name 
and address to us (and his, too) for a 
copy of our handsome, illustrated catalogue. 

A. G. SPALDING & BROS. 



NEW YORK 



CHICAQO 



DENVER 



_ 




One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Goods 

"THE SPALDING" 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 




No. 



SPALDINO'S CATCHERS' MITTS 

7-0. The Spalding Catch- 
ers' Mitt. The leather is of 
the finest quality calf-skin, 
the padding and workman- 
skip of the very best, and 
the additional feature of 
Lace Back makes it — as we 
intend it shall be' — the 
"Perfection" of Catchers' 
Mils. . . Each, $6.00 

ling's League Mitt. Patent lace back ; 
made throughout of a specially tanned and selected 
buckskin, making a strong and durable mit, at the 
same time being very soft and pliable and heavily 

padded Each, £4.00 

No. O. Spalding's Mitt. The face, sides and finger- 
piece are made of velvet-tanned deerskin, and the 
back of selected asbestos buck, making an exceed- 
ingly easy-fitting and durable mit ; well padded. 

Kach, £2.25 

ALL STYLES MADE IN RIGHTS AND LEFTS 

Patent Laced Back. Our Patent Laced Hack permits the 
ready adjustment <>f padding to suit the individual last'- of the 
player, ft most desirable ana amentia] feature, and found in no 
other make of mitts. 

If a dealer does not carry Spalding's 
athletic goods in stock, send your name 
and address to us (and his, too) for a 
copy of our handsome, illustrated catalogue. 



A. G. SPALDING & BROS. 



NEW YORK 



CHICAGO 



DENVER 



One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Goods 

"THE SPALDING" 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 





SPALDING'S CATCHERS' MITTS 

No. A. Spalding's Amateur Mitt. 
Patent lace back ; made of extra 
quality asbestos buck, perspira- 
tion proof and extremely tough 
and durable ; reinforced and laced 
at thumb, substantially made and 
wall padded, . . Each, §1.50 

B. Spalding's Practice Mitt. Made of specially 
soft tanned leather, easy fitting and admirably 
adapted for practice work ; reinforced and laced 
thumb. ...... Each, $1.00 

No. OX. Spalding's "Decker Patent" Mitt. Made 
exactly as our No. O Mit, with the addition of a 
heavy piece of sole leather on back for extra pro- 
tection to the hand and lingers. . . Each, S3. 00 

ALL STYLES MADE IN R1HTS AND LEFTS 

Patent Laced Back. Our Patent Laced Back permits th- 
ready adjustment of padding to suit the individual tasle of the 
player, a most desirable and essential feature, and found in 
no other make of mitts. 

If a dealer docs not carry Spalding's 
athletic goods in stock, send your name 
and address to us (and his, too) for a 
copy of our handsome, illustrated catalogue. 



A. Q. SPALDING & BROS. 



NEW YORK 



CH1CAOO 



DENVER 




^ One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Goods 

•« THE SPALDING " 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 



SPALDINQ'S 
BOYS' CATCHER S MITTS 

. OXB. Spalding's Boys' League 
Mitt. The face, edge-strip and 
finger piece made of velvet tanned 
deerskin, the back of special tanned 
leather, very soft and perspiration 
proof. . . . Each, $2.00 

No. AB. Spalding's Boys' Mitt. Made of extra qual- 
ity asbestos buck, extremely tough and durable ; 
well padded, reinforced thumb. . . Each, $1.00 
No. BB. Spalding's Boys' Mitt. Made of extra qual- 
ity soft tanned leather, extra well padded and sub- 
stantially made ; patent laced back and reinforced 

thumb Each, 50c. 

No. CB. Spalding's Junior Mitt. Made of good qual- 
ity soft tanned leather ; well padded, reinforced 
thumb. ...... Each, 25c. 

No. 4. Spalding's Men's Mitt. Made of soft tanned 
leather, extra heavily padded and reinforced at 
thumb, ...... Each, 50c. 

No. 5. Spalding's Boys' Mitt. Made of soft, pliable 

leather, well padded and substantially made. Each, 25c. 
No. 7. Spalding's Boys' Mitt. Leather face, canvas 

back ; a good sized mitt and well padded. Each, loc, 

ALL STYLES MADE IN RldHTS AND LEFTS 

If a dealer does not carry Spalding's 
athletic goods in stock, send your name 
and address to us (and his, too) for a 
copy of our handsome, illustrated catalogue. 

A. Q. SPALDING & BROS. 

NEW YORK CHICACJO DENVER 



One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Goods 

"THE SPALDING" 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 





Spalding's 
Basemen's and Fielders' Mitts 

No. BX. The Spalding. Made of fine 
selected and specially tanned calf- 
skin, extremely well made through- 
out, and padded to meet the special 
requirements of a Baseman's Mitt. 

Each, $3.50 

No. 3X. Made of the very best and 

softest light tanned buckskin ; the 

thumb and at wrist is extra well padded. Each, $3.00 

No. 4X. Made of velvet tanned deerskin, and edges 

nicely bound ; well padded, patent laced thumb. 

Each, $ 2.00 
No. 5X. Made of good quality leather, extra well 

padded ; patent laced thumb. . . Each, $1.00 
No. 6X. Boys' Size Mitt. Made of a good quality 

leather ; well padded and laced thumb. Each, 50c. 

ALL STYLES MADE IN RIGHTS AND LEFTS 

If a dealer does not carry Spalding's 
athletic goods in stock; send your name 
and address to us (and his, too) for a 
copy of our handsome, illustrated catalogue! 

A. Q. SPALDING & BROS. 

NEW YORK CHICAQO DENVER 



One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Goods 

"THE SPALDING" 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 





SPALDING'S 
BASE BALL MASKS 

No. 4-0. The Spalding Sun Pro- 
tecting Mask. . Each, $5.00 
No. 3-0. Spalding's Neck-Protecting Mask. Each, $4.00 
No. 2-0. Spalding's Special League Mask. Black 

enamelled. ..... Each, S3. 00 

No. oX. Spalding's Regulation League Mask. Black 

enamelled. ..... Each, J2.25 

No. o. Spalding's Regulation League Mask. Bright 

wire. ....... Each, $1.75 

No. A. Spalding's Amateur Mask. Bright wire. 

Each, $1.75 
No. L. Spalding's Regulation Mask. Bright wire. 

Each, $ 1. 00 
No. B. Spalding's Boys' Amateur Mask. Bright wire. 

Each, $1.25 
No. C. Spalding's Youths' Mask. Bright wire. Each, 50c. 
No. D. Spalding's Youths' Mask. Bright wire. Each, 25c. 

If a dealer does not carry Spalding's 
athletic goods in stock, send your name 
and address to us (and his, too) for a 
copy of our handsome, illustrated catalogue. 



A. G. SPALDING & BROS. 



NEW YORK 



CHICAGO 



DENVER 




One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Goods 

"THE SPALDING" 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 




Spalding's Special Hand=Forged Plates 

No. o. Toe Plates. . . Per pair, $ .50 

No. 2-0. Heel Plates. . " .50 

Spalding's Professional Plates 

Toe Plates, best quality steel. . Per pair, $ .25 
Heel Plates, best quality steel. " .25 

Amateur Shoe Plates 

Amateur Shoe Plates, fine steel. Per pair, .10 

Spalding's Pitchers' Toe Plates 

Spalding's Pitchers' Toe Plates, aluminum. 
Spalding's Pitchers' Toe Plates, brass. 



No. 1. 
No. ill. 



No. 



No. 

No. 



V. 
B. 



.50 

.25 



Spalding's Inflated Body Protector 



No. o. League Catchers' Protector. . Each, $7.50 

No. I Amateur Catchers' Protector. . " 0.00 

No, 2. Hoys' Catchers' Protector. . •• 4.00 

Spalding's Pitchers' Box Plates 

No. 3. Complete, with pins. . . . Each, $5.00 

Spalding's Rubber Home Plates 

No. I. Complete, with pins. . . . Each, $6.00 

If a dealer docs not carry Spalding's 
athletic goods in stock. lend your name 
and address to us (and his, tor,) for a 
copy of our handsome, illustrated catalogue. 



A. Q. SPALDING & BROS. 



NEW YORK 



CHICAGO 



DENVER 












One Standard of Quality 
in Athletic Quods 

"THE SPALDING" 

Our Exclusive 
Trade-Mark 





Spalding's Base Ball Uniforms 

Our line of flannels fox Base flail Uniform 
sists of t Jit; best qualities in their respi ctive 
and the most desirable colors for Base Ball (Jni 
Each grade is kept up to the highest point of excel- 
lence, ;md quality improved wherever possible every 
season. We are outfitters to all the League clubs 
and col'. in y. ' inr untl 

are cut on scientific principles, and ar« 
correct, and are not to be classed with the cheap and 

ess imitations that other de 
"Just as good 

i •■ is taken in 

srro ■ adapted 

■ ball use. The colors include all the most 

! !■ b uniform consists oi 

■ 

The Spalding Uniform, No. 0. Highest 

de. . . . Complete, $15.60 
Net price to club-, ordering for entire team, $12.75 per suit. 
Thk University Uniform, No, l. In workmanship and quality 

of material equal to our No. unifori flannel. 12.. 'jO 

Net price t< rdering for entin ait. 

The Intbrschi ' Made of same grade of 

material as our highest-priced ui il of lighter a 

flannel; substantially made and a i able (unfit. 9.65 

Net price to clubs ordering for entire teai suit. 

Tiik Club spb I. M quality Ran* 

nel t in a variety of very di terns ; well finished, and 

a most excellent outfit for amateur clubs. . Complete, 7.00 

Net price to clubs ordering for entin 50 per suit, 

Thk Amateur Special Uniform, No. 4. M quality 

flannel, and compares favorably with uniforms of other mak- 

I at a much higher price. . . . Com, 
Net price to clubs ordering for entire team, $4.00 per suit. 

No extra charge for letteriri with name of club. Dei 

sleev ,60 1 each shirt extra. 

If B dealer does not 
athletic goods in stock, send your name 
and address to u too) for a 

copy of our handsome, illustrated cat a'. 

A. G. SPALDING & BROS. 



NEW YORK 



CHICAQO 



DENVER 



V 



*"^i 






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