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Full text of "Dictionary of Targums Talmuds MidrashLit.Index.Jastrow.1903. 87 files."

,*apns 



1140 



swims 



ment. — 2) soldiers' legging, greaves. Sabb. 62 a (expl. 
tfABSa^Mish. VI, 2) ipatD. 

^DpflS, v. preced. 

PHS (b. h.) to blow, blow up; IBB5 '3 to &Z<mo the soul 
out, to dishearten. Num. B. s. 20 nisV 1^>38 "[bin ->js Ma 
TOSS flK why should I go to him (Balak) to dishearten 
him ? ; Tanh. Balak 1 3— [T. Ter.VIII, 46 a top ffmn niBMD, 

read: nnsniB, v. nina.] 

Hif. rr*2n 1) same, esp. to break wind. Sabb.49 a ; 130 a 
"jna niS 1 ; *6tt5 that he will not desecrate the T'fillin by 
passing winds. Ab. Zar. 17 a nn^Bn she broke &e; a..e. — 
2) to stir up. Midr. Till, to Ps! III "pV\ MS in^SPi ^X do 
not stir up that which slumbers (do not disturb the ac- 
cepted order of the psalms); Talk. ib. 624 (hot Tl^an). 
i Pi. n^B (denom. of fPS) [to use powdered colors,] to 
paint. B. Bath. 60 b fVp»JSQ 7W1, v. ni.3; Tosef.ib.II,17.— 
Part. pass. rV^ilBa; f. .rWijttia. Ib. Tosef.Ter. VII, 16 n^lBa 
ed. Zuck. (Var. niilSO; -V*ISa) read ri*1Ba or ni^Sa. 

VrB ch. same, 1) to blow. Y. Snh. 1, 18 c bot. MB (ed. 
Krot. nB, corr. ace); T. B. Hash. I, 58 b top niB blow, 
breathe!, v. ttB\ — 2) to evaporate, (with X4)B5) to despair. 
Targ. T. Num. XXI, 30 IliTWBi nB"*n n5> until they are in 
despair (h. text MB3 IS). — 3) to. cool off, be sobered. Targ. 
Esth. II, 1 (ed. Lag. SB). 

ISpIS m., SSrrfiS f. (preced.) breath, wind. Targ. 
Job XXX, 22 (ed. Lag. fcttlin). Ib. XX, 3 (ed. Lag. Wins, 
corr. ace, or WjfB). Targ. Prov. XI, 29 fc«iniB Bxt. (ed. 
Lag. Nfins, ed. Wil. XTfriB, corr. ace). 

nniB,. v. nm 

ybms, v. tvw 

"ifllSm. (v. nn&) potter. Tanh.VayitaUmxna 'B UP 
&nn "'teb does a potter want earthen vessels? 

nrnS m. (hn&) a scraping tool, chisel (?). Tosef.Eel. 
B.Bath. VII, 3 'Bn pi 'Bh "P quot. in B. S. to Kel.XXIX,8 
(ed. Zuck. ninsrt pal niriBn It) the handle of a large or 
of a small scraper. 

^rirns, v. a™. 

t-: * 

TD1S m., v. B1BBB. 

W531D m. (<pu>;, pi. <pu)Ta) %&to. T'lamd. to Num. 
x,29, quot. in Ar. naia (ina) tttaia bitusaa "mhiB !j»ibib 
'S rYWC TQ18 (ed.Koh. OTJ1B) Hobab is surnamed Putiel 
(Ex. VI, 25) , because he shone through good deeds, as 
you say in Greek _ 



!pE)ffiB, v. -mtfip. 



: TGiS ■pr^n.m. Pufi, a disparaging abbreviation of 
Putiel. Snh. 82 b , a. e., v. tlBB. 



fc^P"© f. ((ptoxfa) brightness, v. Mais. 

31S" I 'E0 ! © (b. h.) pr. n. m. Putiel, the father-in-law of 
Elazar, son of Aaron, in Agadah identified with Jethro 
(and also with Joseph). Mekh. Tithro, "Amal., s. 1 'alB 
t"Sa "IBB51U Jethro was surnamed Putiel, because he 
withdrew from idolatry. B.Bath. 109 b , a. e., v. DBS 
a. fctaiB. 

T 

TOmTSto (variously corrupted) pr. n. pi. Puteoli, a 
great "sea-town of Italy. Macc.24 a Wl !>tt> FlSlan Vlp lSatt) 
.'31 ri!*a pinna 'BO (ed.niabsa baa, margin, vers. blbiBBa; 
Ms. M. blabsa, v. Babb. D. S. a.l. note) they heard the 
din of the city of Bome (on travelling) from P., at a 
distance of one hundred and seventy miles; Lam. B. to 
V, 18 OlMiBlB ; Sifre Deut. 43 I^BBa blD (v.n^an); Talk. 
Is. 278 DlKiViJBa. [The termination Bl" in the above 
forms corresponds to the accus. -ooc, -os.] 

]i3^iS, v. next w. 

D'O'TS*© m. (tpuiTstvoi;) bright, splendid. Tanh. ed. 
Bub., Vayesheb 16 niUSSl nsnB bffl VfOb &»31D nB">aiS 
'31 OlJiaiB 1^3 his name was Potifar ((fui-cotpopoi;), be- 
cause he entered the house of Pharaoh, and his house 
became bright, for he brightened up the house of Pharaoh ; 
Gen. B. s. 86 (differ, paronomasia) YV1B pa . . . snis n^ni!) 
■jli^BiB niBSS Dffifc nsn Ar. (ed. "(lSH'nB) he used to uncover 
himself before the idol, but when the bullock (Joseph, 
Deut. XXXIII, 17) came there, he (Potifar) became en- 
lightened; Talk. ib. 145 'B . . . ftpli Tr^lB "pal [glossator 
explains nifflS rich, v. Gen. XXXIX, 5]. 

yH"lu© m. (TtoTiQpiov) poterion, name of a shrub 
(Astragalus Poterium), a species of tragacanth, yielding 
a gum which was used for spicing wines; 'B "tyti a vial 
of poterion, a medicinal drink taken after bathing. Gen. 
E. s. 51 (ref. to bbw nsa, Ps. xi, 6) ^nnan nn!<6 's to 
(not 'pnBiB) like the vial of poterion after a bath ; Y. Pes. 
X, 37 c top '31 'B i>B"na 'B ^Bi*1 (corr. ace); Talk. Ps. 655 
(not 'pnaiB). Gen. B- s.'lO }" >©■ 'B Vl^an K2£">1B )Vp 
'fnTXth when he (Titus) came out of the bath, they handed 
him a vial of poterion wine to drink; Koh. E. to V, 8 613 
■pi *j23 'B 's- (not f nans). Gen. B. s. 88 's "pro NSaJ aiat 
l^UJ 'B a fly was found in his (Pharaoh's) vial &e; Talki 
ib. 146 'plffllS iijis (corr. ace). 

SSiT* MS f. putiiha, name of a small fish or reptile. 
Mace. 16 b ; Pes. 24 a ; Erub. 28 a . 

&lb^I2l5,v.^B!B. 

XF&®, petals, v. pjfflB,- '■ 
nioiaiB, v. tw?. 

.m'Q^, T. Shebi.V,36 a top, read: "-B (irerpa), rock 

v. nxiB." 

T 

pTDlB, v. ■pTBiB- 
SP^fflDjv.-snosBIL:.- 



•»is 



1141 



Dia-flatVis 



^IS, Tosef. Ter. VIII, 16 nil&a, n^l&a, v. fflS h. 

:J1» m. (b. h.) stibium, eye-paint. Sabb. 109 a TSSa 'B 
'31 stibium removes (cures) the King's Daughter (v. ?]ia), 
stops the tears, and advances the growth of the eye- 
lashes. B.Bath. 16 b (expl. "pan fib, JobXLII, 14), v. ptth. 

kn^D"©, Targ. I Sam. XIV, 16, some ed., read: 

K*iKl3b, v. n!*13b. 

pini'DlS, Treat. Tsitsith (ed. Kirchh., p. 22), read: 

■p-iiuVQiB, v. di-Pt&an. 

MB, imperat. of ^S3. 

3"© m. (b. h.; V?S or ilB to split) bean. Kil. 1,1 'S 
■pin the white bean. lb. 2 "^ISa 'S the Egyptian bean 
(Colocasia);a.fr.— PZ.yWB. Tosef. ib. II, 8, v.'ji'bas. Tosef. 
T'bul Yom 1, 1 ; a. fr. 

"9 m. (Vb&; cmp. rfjB) decision, search; 'En isa a 
superintendent of the Temple, guardsman. Tosef. Kel. 
B. Kam. I, 6 (E. S. to Kel. 1, 9 ViBh). 

ffOlS ch., pi. yteiB, *>VlB (v.preced.) detectives, scouts; 
agents. Targ. Y. Ex. IX, 7; 27. 

fcOlD m.=h.ViB. Targ.Ez.IV,9. Targ. II Sam. XVII, 
28 (ed. Wil. 'IB; ed. Lag. ^ViS, pi).— Y. Sabb. V, beg. 7 b , 
a. e. Sfi-iS'ia 'S, v. 13&.-Y. Kil. 1, 27 a top (expl. VlB, Mish. 
1, 1) s6ls B. S. to Kil. l.c. (ed. nV^B, read "IB).— PI. y$>% 
"■b-ia. Targ. Y.Deut.XIV,19. Targ. II Sam. 1. c, v. supra. 

T ; t : - 

^U^S,v.^B. 

n^iDlB pr. n. m. Poloyah. Ex. B. s. 42 end fa mini 
'B, prob. to be read: rr^lB; Pesik.B.s.40 "«fe 11 mini 
ed. Fr. (ed.Prag 'ute, v. Eriedm. note 48); Yalk. Cant. 
988 nils. 

. rmaoibis, v. maw* 1 *. 

m&' l & Ul£>, Tosef. Shebu. Ill, 6, read : biaibiViB. 
Sp n O"lb"15, Yalk. Sam. 151, read: ^&alte. 

DTEDlDOlblS, Yalk. Prov. 950 some ed., read: 

SlD^aiB!*. 

TO"© m. (I-&B) soldier, officer. Y'lamd. to Lev.V,21, 
quot. in Ar., v. "(SB.— PI. yrfrisi. Ib. to Deut.VII,17, quot. 
in Ar. '31 ^BjaiV 'B \>1B pll' it is the custom of soldiers 
to wear nail-studded shoes. Ib. to Deut. XIX, 1, quot. in 
Ar. '31 'B iJtt) ... "plbla they give each Israelite two 
soldiers to guard him. 

1TD1&, Yalk. Num.762, prob. to be read: T^TIS or 
T^B; [glossator to Yalk.: = T$B]. 

"jnTS, Wnbl&m. (sometimes f.) (nte) servitude, 



service. Targ. Ez. XXIX, 1 8. Targ. Deut. XXVI, 6 (0. ed. 
Vien. 'te); a. fr.— Esp. priestly service, Temple service, 
worship. Targ. Y. Ex. XXIV, 5; a. fr.— Targ. Y. Num. 
XXIH, 1, a.e. nx-DlS t, = h. nit mias, idolatry.— Y. Ber. 

IV, beg. 7 a (ref. to rf*. Dan. VI, 17) (in Hebr. diet.) 131 
'31 baas IB IS" 1 was there Temple service in Babylonia? 
But. ... it means prayer. 

NDUPlblD f. (preced.) work, tilling. Targ. Koh. 

V, 8 (7). T ' 

DT'ltablS, Gen.E.s.69; Yalk.Is.337'D^B,v.N;;£>BlI. 

*b"\t), Y. Sabb. VI, 8 a hot. tb ptsa, read: iJiisK 

fcOTlS, Midr. Till, to Ps. IX t> WS blV* (some ed. 
toV*); Yalk.ib. 642 'B naa ffliV*, read : 881V* nS3 OlBiV* 
Philippus built Philippa (abbrev. of biblBlBi^B Philip- 
popolis). 

&"Pb"l£, Nidd.VIH,l, Bab. ed.57 b , read: bl^B, v. 
TWjb». 

li^blB, v. fanifm. 

^jpTCJ^biS m. pi. (jtoXmxof) city-people. Ter. II, 5 
'B iatta KlYlffl iJBa (Ms. M. blplcrtlB, read: 'laiVlB sing.) 
because it (the wild onion) is the food of city-people (as 
health-preserving, v. Ned. 66 a , quot. s. v. ''IB©). 

]iO" l 'TD >1 bi£ (not 'p ...)m.(Tto'k{>'zpi-£r>v)Polytrichon, 
Maiden-hair. Y. Sabb. XIV, 14 c , v. Itsii. 

riTOT^blS, Sifra M'tsor a, Neg., Par. 7, ch.V, read: 

nisiiVs, v. wia 

11Q"T© m. (foliatum, <poi>Xtaxov S.) an ointment or 
oil prepared from leaves of spikenard. Cant. B. to 1, 3 
'B iU) rWrfaA like a flask of foliatum; Snh.l08 a, ]'ia , ';!jB; 
(Gen. B. s. 39 ■Jiab^BlBIX) ; Ab. Zar. 35 b yitrtB (MiM, 
■Jiangs, corr. ace). Tosef.Dem.I,26'i& ill) Qa!15) spikenard 
oil; Y.ib.I, end, 22 b . Yalk.Num.771 (ref.tobi^nsO,Num. 
XXTV, 6) "ptsliBB (corr. ace.) like foliatum. Ib. n33a nnx 
•jlDibsa IrflK n»a . . . dibsaa ims thou (Balaam) com- 
parest them to onions whose smell is offensive, but I (the 
Lord) compare them to spikenard oil. Tosef. Sot. XV, 9 
'=1 It J 'IB is £]K Ben Baba forbade also the use of foliatum 
(after the destruction of the Temple), but &c. ; a. e. 

ana^y.nextw. 

t r - - 

DiD"]D"'blS, QbiS(variouslycorrupted)m.(jroX£|A- 
apyoz)pblemarch, general. 8ifreNum.l31'3l'8b "jban nStt) 
the king sent a general out and ordered (him) to devastate 
it (the province); Pesik. Shub., p. 160 a dlSlballB (corr. 
ace); Yalk. Hos. 532; 517; Yalk. Ex. 178; a. fr— [Yalk. 
Lev. 631 'B ncnta, v. 'pbiB'ia^B.]— PI. dis/iaiVis, •psiaibiB, 
'a^is. Lam. E. introd. (E. Josh. 2) (expl. di*l3 blttii, Ez. 
XXI, 27) 'B Ar. (ed. diSla^B, b13 ...), v.fiT'te.- Ch. form : 
KSIaiViB, *&?iB. Targ. Ps.IX.l Ms. a. ed. Genua (missing 
in eds.).— PZ.')''31aibiB,'a'biB. Targ.II Esth. Vin,7; a.e.— 
[Targ.Y. Gen.XXXn, 7; XXXni,l 'snablB.read : ITjia^B.] 

144 



pVlB 



1142 



na»iB 



"psIB, Lev. E. s. 18 some ed., read : fb*Z. 

CipIS f. (itoXt?) city. Pesik. Vayhi, p. 63 b ; Pesik. E. 
g. 17, v. oiiiBiiiis. 

mtaioibiE), nio&'ibiB, y. Bets, v, be g . ^ vn, 

read: nioidi iBfl, v. S]rt. 

s ©* 5"© m. (rcoXoitotK) polypus, a morbid growth 
in the nose. Keth. VII, 7 '31 'S i:>31 . . . pBtill) li81 the 
following persons are forced to divorce their -wives: one 
stricken with a skin disease, with a polypus &c; expl. 
ib. 77 a dBlflll fill whose nose is ill-smelling; flBfl !"!"H 
whose mouth is &c; Tosef. ib. VII, 11. Sabb.l09 a niSa 1i 
'B an unwashed hand (touching the nose) generates a 
polypus. Midr. Till, to Ps. VII, 10 . . . 8Bin 81rtl S1D1 
11 ilisa rtaaini a violent man and sinner (against God) 
is like an ungainly woman who has a polypus besides; 
a. a,— PI. T&sVlB (sub. iisa) afflicted with polypus. Y. 
Hag, I, 76 a bot. 

'DID 5"© m. (itoXe^o;) war, esp.wxw with theBomans. 
Sot. IX, it &1311&B&8 bttJ 'B3 during the Vespasian war; 
Waits ill) Ha during the Titus war; "(limn 'S3 during 
the last war (Hadrianic revolution); Tosef. ib. XV, 8 
(missing in ed. Zuck.). Y. Ab. Zar. I, 39 c top 138 inn IS 
'31 'B3 pHHil how long yet shall we slay one another in 
war?; a. fr. — [Tosef. Hull. Ill (IV), 27, read: WaiiB, v. 
&31B8.]— PL nii&iaiis, ni8&aii&, niioaiiB. Par. VIII, 9 
'S3 di313all (Dia) waters which are known to have failed 
in wars. Y. Erub. I, end, 19 d 'is illlrt slain in battle 
(during a revolution). Y.YomaV,42 d bot. Lam. E. to II, 2 
'31 httJS 'B fia3 how many wars did Hadrian wage?; a. e. 

^DiH^iBch. army. Ber.30 b '31 83ia1 'B 8rt81 when 
a royal army came to the City (of Nehardea); Ab. Zar. 
70 b '31 0a 81!irtan armjrcame &c. (Eashi: a commander). 
Ib. '31 'S iina 1H81 sail the majority of those that came 
in that army (or with that commander) were Jews. Hull. 
46 a ; a. e.— PL 'pbiaiiB soldiers. Targ.Y.Gen.XXXIII,15. 
Ib. l; XXXII, 7 (not psiaiis, '3iiaii&). 

D1T2!D1Dbl&, v. o^aiBx. 

■prnnbiB, v. s&ia^B. 
&q*}ab"te, &iD"iab^s, v . ^>i B . 

S^DJlS m. (dis ; cmp. b. h. dis) circular plate 
or riw^ used as weight and as uncoined money (v. 
dV>£i). B. Mets. 47 b (expl. paidS, ib. IV, 1) '8 (Ar. 
8diiB) uncoined metal. Sabb. 65 a 'B Sli lasrti let him 
use any circular plate for it (instead of a coin, Slid). — 

PI. pdiiB, ibiia. Lev. E. s. 37 'B niffis rtinni8 mi nam 
'31 (not i3rti) his wife gave him ten pulsin, saying, buy 
something &c. — 81121 'B heated disks or rings Strung on 
a.lash. B. Mets. 85 b '31 'B pniD rtVTia they (in heaven) 
punished him with sixty flery lashes; Yoma 77 a (omitted 
in eds. , v. Eabb. ». S. a. 1. note 3 ; Ms . M. didilB h. form) ; 



Hag. 15 a . B. Mets. 47 a '31 'B piB» flirt (Eashi 8dilB) he 
would have brought out before thee (shown thee) fiery 
disks (i. e. would have threatened thee with excommu- 
nication). 

SS&bliD, Ab. Zar. 39 a Ms. M., v. 8dliiB. 

"jl&Sbl&jv.eiB^iB. 

^TGpblD, Cant. E. to IV, 11, sq., Ar., read : pa^piS, 
v. 8aiipiB8. 

"IT© m. (<poXXep6^=ep6XXi4, S., v. pliia) folleron, a 
small debased coin. Y. Peah 1, 15 d bot. 'B in 832)1 niia 
a thing which is worth one folleron; Gen. E. s. 35, end; 
Yalk» Prov. 934 "jiB 1)18 8rtiia (corr. ace.).— PL pliiB, 
ililB. Gen. E. s. 70 'B fifflan mi aTP 'B '13 . . . i« when 
labor was worth ten f ollera, he (Laban) gave him five ; 
'B '33 mi 3W rtlrt 'B '13 ... d81 and if the load he 
brought in was worth six follera, he (Jacob) gave it to 
him for three. Ib. s. 49, v. 8iw?. 

D1S,!$D ! ©m.=h.fiB. Targ. Ex. IV, 11. Targ.Y.ib. 
10, v. 81M1. T Targ. 0. Gen. XXIX, 2, sq.; (Y. dB); a. fr.— 
Targ. USam. XXIII, 8 Kip 'B3 with the voice of com- 
mand (?).— Sabb. 67 b "pal 'Bi to the mouth of our teachers, 
v. pin. Ib. 141 a STiil rtial&8 on the top of the pole. 
Ib. 811)1101 '8a into the orifice of a bottle, v. 811JH158. Ber. 
62 a '31 8381 flialB lal Abba's mouth is like that of one 
that has never before sipped of a dish (he acts as if he 
touched a woman for the first time). Y. Ned. VII, end, 
40 e '31 laia i»3 'B3 . . . 8fl118 mi is it not a man's way 
(of speaking), when he sees a person at the entrance (of 
the town), to say,I saw him in Tiberias?; a. v. fr.— dlS3, 
dlBi, "I 8»1Bi=h. iB3, ifii, according to; because. Targ. 
Lev. XXV* 52. Ib. 51. Targ. Pro v. XII, 8 'si ed. Lag. (ed. 
'Ba, (corr. ace). Targ. Y. I Gen. XXXVHI, 25 J a. fr.— 'Bi 
p=h.f|3iBi, therefore. Ib.; a. fr— Ab. V, 22 81SS 'si 
813.8 according to the pain (in studying) is the reward. 
Y. Ber. 1, 3 C bot. '31 "pIX "p 'Bi therefore was it necessary 
to say &c. ; a. fr.— PL palB, 8*alB. Targ. Prov. V, 4 ; a. e.— 
Y. Ber. I, 3 b top 'B "pin . . . 83ili1 1>8 had I been standing 
at the foot of Mount Sinai, I should have prayed that 
two mouths should be created for man, one for studying 
the Law &c; Y. Sabb. I, 3 a sq.; a. e.— [Hebr. plur. -pais, 

v. fiB.]— 8mia dis, v. 8niiaa!iB.— 8iri3 dis, v. 8irt? , &c. 

imams, D n n«ai5, v. »?**. 

^n^lSD'lS, XZVT2 DID pr. n. pi. Pumb'ditha 
(Mouth of B'ditha, v. 8niia), seat of a great Jewish 
academy, in Babylonia. Snh. 17 b , a. e. 'BI 13d the elders 
(scholars) of P. (Jehudah and 'Eua); 'BI "4)11)1, v. Spirt; 
a. v. fr.— Denom. rt8niiaalB m. Pumb'dithean. Hull. 127 a 
'31 "jiilli 'B (not 8nil3alB) if a Pumb'dithean joins thee 
(on the road), change thy inn (lest he rob thee).— PL 
i8miaaW). Sabb. 153 a . 



raais, iisais, ^-q% y . m 



iS'rtlnWB 



1143 



" I 5" I * I SQ1S> m. pl.(oomp. of b*iB a. pi3 ; .cmp.pa a. p^i?) 
tte seaw between a garment and its border. Kidd. 32 a . 

t2Z2l£>, v. Bios. 

DTb^QlD, Sifre Deut. 355, read: SifcibaiB!*. 

DOTIE) (OWlS/D^lD), Lam. B. to I, 17, 
prob. a corrupt, of dWgiy or DWatj:, v. CflNBX. 

*»DlS, '3Q1D f. (tto(A7uiq, pompa) solemn procession, 
pomp, solemnity, ostentation. Y.Shek.I,beg.45 d miDSV 113 
13lb i3alS (Ms. M. IB&IB, read i&aiB) in order to give 
greater publicity to the act; Y. Yoma II, 39 d top; ib. II, 
end,40 a ; a.fr — Pesik.B.s.12 nihafcta 'B rni hHJWJ sbffl is!= 
because she had not been given a public funeral as was 
given to the other Mothers. Ib. 'S tinb 1111533 iT'ln (masc). 
Ib. s. 5 ilbtli fiaaiB Dili S11DS made a great demonstration 
for them. B. Bath. 145 b '31 'B3 iaS> ll!BS if a man acted 
as a friend's beat man at a public wedding, and now asks 
his friend to be his best man at a private wedding. Ib. 
'31 'B ITS p&33 "fTS rich in goods, rich in pomp (popular 
ovations)— that is the preacher of hagadah (v. filSN); 
a. fr. — Trnsf. (v. Sophocles s. v. iropnr^) disgrace,reproach. 
Ab. Zar. 54 b '31 'S ij>» 5>bt3 pffllSlB . . . pH 66 it is not 
enough for the wicked that they have made my coin 
(divine image of man) a public disgrace, but &c. — Gen. 
"B: s. 86, beg. iBlllB lima i3&tl Sin 1*1133 iM Ar. (read: 
igalS = 7rou,iT'jj) he (Jacob) is my firstborn son, and shall 
I let him go down to Egypt in disgrace? — Ed. . , . 133 

'31 s6&t *>aaiB 11111a 131** rwia \xa laba mib ram piiaa 

(corr. after 'Bashi' HHia iJ*« llilinb . . . 13ba *jr«Ml bill 
'B) he is my firstborn son, and shall I make him go down 
in contempt? and if I put it into Pharaoh's heart to bring 
him down, do I not bring him down in disgrace ? ('Bashi' 
• &61BIB linia iMt, corr. ace). 

v tf1'©fl r © m pl (reduplic. of MB) graters. Y. M. Kat. 
II, 81 b top '31 'B pV>Xa illil decided concerning grating 
tools that it was permitted to make them during the 
festive week for use on the festival. 

T© (i3B) [turn,] a particle indicating the subjunctive 
mood, would, might. Targ. Gen. XXVI, 10. Targ. Num. 
XI, 29. Targ. Is. XLVIII, 18, sq.; a. fr. 

fcOIB m. (preced.) change.-Pl. p SIB (adv.) alternately. 
Targ. Job IV, 16 Ms. (ed, pSK3). 

fctfW*©, jT^^IS f. (funda) money-bag, hollow belt. 
Kel. XXIX ; 1. Sabb. 120 a . Ib. X, 3 ilBab fTBl ini31Ba (if 
he carries an object) in his belt with its opening down- 
ward. Ib. Ip6r6 lri131B pa between his belt and his 
undergarment; a. fr.— Tosef. B. Mets. Vin, 14 '31 'B i&a 
(not N131B1B3) if he placed the object of trust in the 
mouth of his money-bag (whence it could easily be taken 
out or lost) or on the edge of his roof &c. — PI. tTPiJlB. 
Zab.IV,4. 



pl -TJ-lSJ, N£l -TD-©, T. p131B, K*?*"-MB. 



J l™J*s? m. (popular abridgment of Dupondium or 
Dipondium) Dupondium , a Boman coin equal to two 
Asses. Maas.Sh.IV,8 'S3 KSV Klfl ... *-j">ni and he went to 
another place where the Isar (As) is worth a Dupondium. 
Kel. XVII, 11, a. e., v. 133, Y. Maas. Sh.IV, 55 b top iJffl 
'BpltJitftwoIsars are one Dupondium. Ib.III,beg.54 a (not 
pH31B); a. fr.— Bekh. 50 a pIMB.— PI. p3ii*tt*iB, rVi3ii1318. 
Y. Kidd. 1, 58 d ; Tosef.B.Bath.' V, 12, a. e., v. Visa. Tosef. 
Maas. Sh. IV, 13. Ib. Ill, 6; a. fr— Bekh. 1. c. p3i13 ! IB. 

m'l'-tt-©, v. 81MB. 



•2, v. pi"131S. 

P" 1 *}y®, Npl'-TD-lS, v. next wds. 

p*UlD m. (TtavSoxetov) inn, tavern, lodging place. 
B.Mets. 26 a d18 133 nUJblBb 'B lKttJStt) (not bttlffli; v. Babb. 
D. S. a. 1. note 4) when he made his house a lodging place 
for three persons (at the same time). Sot. 10 a (expl. blUS, 
Gen. XXI, 33) 'S last 101 &11B 106t 1(1 one says, it means, 
Abraham planted an orchard, and one says, he put up an 
inn (for the reception of travellers); Gen. B. s. 54 (with 
play on 5l*»t) '31 bxffln iia 3{<lB pilSIB an inn, (where they 
say,) ask what you may desire, cake, meat, &c. Mace. 
10 b 1D8 pi13lBb pata ri°3pn the Lord causes them to 
meet at the same inn. Yeb.XVI, 7(122 a ) pl13lSa imtP38Yi 
(Y. ed. p131B3) and they brought him (the sick man) to 
an inn; a. fr. — [Y. B. Mets. V, 10 c bot. 'S3 bax, read: 
piteP&a.]— PI. mplSIB. Men. 32 b ^rjinipisiaa at the door 
of their lodgings. 

fcSpM J"© ch. same, inn, public house. Y. Ber. Ill, 6 d 

top raaia 'a iaip pani nsi (or sfjiiMB, not xipisis) sat 

in front of an inn in the evening. Ib. VI, 10 b bot. 6tpi131B 
Stnaiai the inn of B'rakhta; a. e. — [Yalk. Gen. 150, v. 
iplilB.]— PI. pplMS. Targ. Y. I Num. XXIV, 14. Targ. 
Y. II Ex. XIV, 2;' Targ. Y. II Num. XXXIII, 7 ip131B 
Stmin(l) (h.text twnn IB); Targ. Y. ib. 8 iplllB (corr. 
ace). Targ. I Ohr. 1, 20 ppil31B. 

n^p^iD, v. ipiMB. 

ISSp-TD-lS, v. ttfjipi3iB. 

^p^jIS f. (corrupt, of itovtooq = xoipooy irovnxov) 
filbert— PI. p*pi.31B , nisp131B. Y. Naz. I, end, 51 c p1p131B 
(corr. ace; Ar. ppIMB). * Y. Gitt. VII, 48 d bot. rflSKplJia 
■jaSS if he ate the filberts themselves (with their burrs in 
their green state). 

>1 p' : I3 ! © m f (denom. of pl31B=iravSoxsui;) innkeeper, 
host. Gitt. VIII, 9 ; Eduy. IV, 7 ; Tosef. Yeb. 1, 10 ; Tosef. 
Gitt. VIII (VI), 8 'S3 iaS» rai she staid over night with 
him (her divorced husband) as her host. Lev. B. s. 1 pit 
•tfjffl 'B &3> . . . i|S3S it is not beneath a king's dignity to 
speak to his host (so did the Lord speak to Abraham, 
ref. to Gen. XVIII, 1); a. e. 

'ffiTB, TltXp^lT® ch. same. Gen. B. s. 92 [read:] 
" " T T ' '' 144* 



fcOp^lSD 



1144 



bsn's 



'an 's in 'jan men Naiiis sun «i3is> it happened in 

Darom that a certain innkeeper was there &o. ; ib. Ninh 
rwplilB (some ed. Kp . . ., rtp . . ., corr. ace.) ; Yalk. ib. 150 
plilB, KplSIB (corr. ace); a.e. 

fcOpTDIS, Y. Ber. Ill, 6 d top, v. Xp r 1?1B. 

il p^flBf.tprece&.&vtjhostesSjinnJieeper. Dem. 111,5; 
Hull. 6 b 1S1D 'tb }tmft if one gives to his hostess (pro- 
visions to prepare). Yeb.XVI,7 '31 'sb llax'jfil'rrai and 
when they came back, they asked the (gentile) innkeeper. 
Ib. 'S3 Kins Kfin kVi should a priest's wife not be as good 
(an evidence) as that innkeeper? 'B3 Ni-fflfflsV when she 
will be (offering such evidence) as that innkeeper; Tosef. 
Yeb.end 'S snnfflsi) (corr. ace). Esth.E. to 1, 9 (proverbial 
expression) 'S3 Wh3 Xfih sb should the priest's wife &c, 
i. e. should the Lord not be at least as much revered as 
the idols?; Lam. E. introd. (E. Yitsh. 3); a. e. 

N"p T Jj ! © ch. same, esp. keeper of a public house, 
harlot Targ. Josh. II, 1 (h. text ilili). Targ. Ez. XXIII, 
44.— PI. INpTOB, ^IMB. Targ. I Kings III, 16 )Vp ... ed. 
Lag. (oth. ed. )p . . .). 

ynpiyi's, v . ^wa. 

fctflp'TOS f.=xp T i5lB; 'a va brothels. Targ. Y. Gen. 
XLH, 6' (perh. JsnpWIB, pi). 

HDIS, v. nm 

T ▼ * 

D I UJlS pr. n. (Pontus, n6vco<;) Pontus, the country 
bordering on the Pontus Euxinus. Targ. Y. Gen. X, 10 
(h. text 1S31B(!); ib.XIV, 1 (some ed. 'BS13, 't)5ia).— Sifra 
B'har, Par. 1, ch. 1 bTOJIBb T>135>Tj bVipS KiSiruB ,ia (corr. 
ace.) what Aquila exported (from Palestine) for his slaves 
to Pontus ; Yalk. Lev. 659 dinSB^ (corr. ace). 

lirtt^vom. 

fT^Tfo, Y. Sabb. Yn, 8 C bot. 'ib hi®, read: n*mtb, 
v. ""iB. 

P^IS), Y. Shebi. IX, end, 39 a 'B3 tfeiTa, read : Jstowa 
■psis, v. Kir«B3. 

I" 1 ?*©, v. SMB. 

NtOllDi v. rrad. 

l^p^lS, v. next w. 

jvpJlB m. pi. (uavooxXtov, Hesych. s. v. irqviov; 
itavouXxoi quot. in Sm. Ant. s. v. Tela; Lat. panuncula) 
threads wound around the bobbin. B.Kam. H9 b prtplb 'px 
'B »Vl . . . (Ms. M. 'pSpJIB, Ms. H. •pplflB) you dare not buy 
from the weaver . . . threads of the bobbin (v. "fa TV); 
Tosef. ib. XI, 11 fSp^iSB (Var.yipiKS; anoth. var. 'pSpWD, 
corr. ace). 

n" 1 ^!© f. (itovT)p(a) baseness. X. Snh. X, 28 a top 



'S ^Ba IPlXiasa V1S3 SltiAffil three prophets disowned their 
prophetic mission on account of the baseness (with which 
they were treated; cmp. Midr. Prov. ch. XI llffla 1a3> 
'31 6333). 

iDltCDIlD, v. biasis. 

D 5 ©, v. BIB. 

MDISf. (fossa) ditch. Tosef. Ohol. XVI, 12 tPSlin ... 'a 
a ditch into which they throw the slain in battle (Ohol. 
XVI, 5 113). 

cratois, Dia^&is, v. D fete&>K. . 
wtn^ "oi w, ^bis, v. ■**». 

• t: '• : '-t: 

"pbois, v. -,^&b. 

fctpOID m. (p&s) [decree,] puska, name of a huge cup 
which every guest at a banquet must empty. Yalk. Esth. 
1048 (fr. Abba Gorion) '31 'B Kips Xini ... bib3h STri "|3 
such was the order of things with the Persians : they had 
a large cup . . . which was called puska &e; v. Kp t n*'B. 

tnTpOIS, v. rwpb^. 

&©p1S m. (Pers. pust, Perles Et.St., p.16) [skin, rind 
on which writing is done,] sheet, page (cmp. ttW 1 ;, fti). 
Gitt: 58% v. isrx. 

UNB (cmp. ffls) to blow, v. USB. 

Mif. S^sfn to make breathe, revive. Ex. E. s. 1 (ref. to 
WIS Ex. I, 15) '31 pliTin MS MS^sa nriVlIB she revived 
the infant (blew air into it), when people said, it is dead. 
— [Deut. E. s. 1 inttba n&t S^Ba some ed., read: S^sia, 
fr. SB?.] 

'TB ch., v. SSb. 

niPIS I (b. h.) pr. n. f. Puah, one of the midwives in 
Egypt. Ex. E. s. 1, v. SIB h. Bot. ll b , v. fiSB. Koh. E. to 
VII, 1, v. Ss;; a. e. 

T1TB II f. (I-ISB) cry, v. Hi*SB. 

J-pl^"© pr/n< m- Po'irah. Kidd. 66* 'B )1 1W>K a 
counsellor of king Yohanan (Jannai). 

OVw I m. (b. h. isb; ^Sb) work, achievement. Midr. 
Till, to Ps. XLIV ed. Bnb. '31* INSitD rtSBffi 'B the work 
which thou didst accomplish, that they went forth from 
Egypt ; Yalk. ib.746. Ned.62 a b!3SB dial) 31131 MffiS do things 
for the sake of their effect (for the good which is achieved 
through them (Treat. Der. Er. Zutta ch.II IPiblSB WSb); 
[Eashi: bbsis dtt)> in the name of their Maker]. 

>«£© m. (preced.) laborer, hired man, employee. B. 
Mats. II, 9(30 b ) (J>B3) 'BS . . . siba ^D3 tr>T\ if by taking 
charge of a lost animal he neglected his usual work to 



byte' 



1U5 



xinipis 



the extent of losing one Sela, he cannot say, give me one 
Sela, hut he (the owner) pays him as he would pay an (idle) 
lahorer, expl. ib. 31 h 'ST fiSitba rttVlK blB bt» 'SS like an 
idle laborer at the kind of work in which he was inter- 
rupted, i. e. as much as a laborer in that line would ask 
for stopping work for which he was engaged (which 
would be less than he would earn by working); [oth. 
opin.: as much as a laborer out of work would take 
rather than be idle]; ib. V,4. Ib. 77 a rflnVSri bs 'B T* the 
laborer is at an advantage (v. *fi) ; iliWhnil bS '3 Yi the 
laborer is at a disadvantage. Ib. 83 b top iblUa TfcrtSS 'B the 
time needed for the laborer to go home from his work 
is part of his free time, i. e. must not be deducted from 
the hours belonging to the employer (v. fiK2i!"l) ; Gen. E. 
s. 72; a. tr.—Pl. b^bsis, ybsiB. B. Mets. vYl, 1. Ib. 89 b ; 
a. fr.— Ab.II, 15 trtSS 'Bfi '. . . OTh the day (of life) is 
short, the work large, and the workingmen (of the Lord) 
are lazy.— Pirke d'E. El. ch. XIX (ref. to Ps. XCII, 8) 
'Si mis ibs>ia bs lSTSSTl and all workers of similitudes of 
sun and moon shall see that they and their work are 
vanity. — [Ned. 62 b , v. preced. w.] 

bS% II, VlbSflB I, '3>9ch. l)same. Targ.Y.Deut. 
XXIII, 25, sq. (ed. Amst. bss, bsis).— Gen. G. s. 39, end, 
a. e. KSb 'B a good workingman, v. film: B. Mets. 83 b 
IKrfWnvn 'SS "fy lnilSK you have hired me as a laborer 
in the Biblical sense (Ps. CIV, 23 ; you have no right to 
demand additional hours); a. fr. — P/."pbsiB, S^SIb, *5>B. 
Y. Taan. Ill, 66 d hot. ^ibSs iSSb Xllob p&3 (not iibSB) 
went to the mountain to look after his laborers; a. fr. — 
2) employer. Gen. B. s. 15 ; Talk. ib. 20; v. bSB I. 

fcOSHD II c.=h. bsis, work; earning. Gen. E. s. 70 
'S Wi "W Ar. (ed. ribsiB fflfl "pit), v. ibis. Ib. s. 68 'B S& 
-pSKI Ar. (ed. H&yispl; Var.Ar.sbla) take thy father's 
earnings. 

NTirS?lS f. pi. (MB ch.) wounds, bruises. Targ. Prov. 
XX, 30; XXVII, 6, a. e.; v. KTWIB. 

"'SIS, Mus., v. i&ia^. 

SETTDIS), Erub. 60 a xniisaisa 'S IS, read: iRISS 
'SaiBI (v. Eahb. D. S. a. 1. note 50) in the outskirts of 
Pumb'ditha. 

pl^SflB, Yalk. Joel 537, v. Dl^Blb. 

fc^BlS, v. isaiB. 

&n&&1&, v. bin&Tis. 

"jT© (b. h.) to break through. 

Hif. 'psii to break through, spread. Y. Snh. 1, 19 b sq. 
[read:] "WSJ DtalB 1pi5> bs fffllS "Jifct nnm . . . las in 
b^sili* ■wiB'i'ttaa} i»Ta i»si hw isitsi ■pjtb ikisii b-M5 
Mtrnp Tib IKlSil one says (in the case of border towns 
condemned for idolatry, v. ITW), if there are two of them, 
we do not condemn them to be destroyed, if only one, 
we do ; and another says, if there are several border 
towns near one another (of which one is to be con- 
demned), we proceed (against the one, because the pro- 



tection remains unimpaired), but if they are scattered, 
we do hot; and a third one says, we must not destroy 
a border town under any circumstances, lest ravaging 
troops break forth and invade Palestine; but some would 
say (instead), lest a regular enemy invade and find an 
open country (v. Bab. ib. 16 b ; Tosef. ib. XIV, 1). 

Pol. yais to shatter, shiver, spread. Part: pass. 'j'Sl'Ba ; 
f. inSSiBa. Lev. K. s. 27 rttfflStt . . . 'Ba rlVS-lb blp HS rVTTW 
'SI (not lalxl) in days to come a divine voice will be 
scattered in all directions (cmp. Via 11 ?) on the top of 
mountains and proclaim &c. 

Sithpol. y sisriri to be shattered. Kidd. 30 b btis b» 
■pSl'sHa Xlh if he (the tempter in man's heart) is of iron, 
he will be shattered (by the study of God's word, with 
ref. to Jer. XXIII, 29). 

V*© ch., v. pXB a. yBi. 

DilSm. (preced. art.) stone-breaking, quarry. Ruth 
R.introd. iaSlBS p&lS rill . . . llTitBS p015 fit one was busy 
in his field, another in his vineyard ... and another was 
workinginhis quarry; Yalk. Josh.35 laflBS, Var. lalWlS; 
Koh. E. to VH, 1 latTBS; Midr. Sam. ch. XXIII lalhns). 

pIS (b. h. ; cmp. p&3) to go /Vffi.-[pl&b, Kel. XXVIII, 2 ; 
Y. Erub. m, end, 25 b , v. ppB.] 

Hif. p^Bln 1) to give forth, utter; 2) to let pass, forego. 
Kidd. 39 b ; Hull. 142 a , v. 1\fb.— Erub. 65 a (play on Job 
XLI, 7) i-il&W nsa» "jSa p^saST is he who foregoes the 
Prayer of Benedictions (v.'jSa) in the moment of haughtiness 
(who being in wine has enough reverence left to him to 
feel his unworthiness to stand up in prayer); Safflo ij<a 
Klri i"nS5>1 N3ffi)ib p^BX i»m (Ms.O.piSa) what authority 
is there for using the root pl& in the sense of passing? 
(Answ.: ref. to Job VI, 15). Ib. p^Sa WW1> bs laist i""i 
latllJX E. J. says, the relation is 'he who does not utter' 
(prayer in a state of drunkenness); plS iffihril Saffla i»a 
Slrt iilbs.4 XSffiHb where is the authority for using plB in 
the sense of revealing? (Answ.: ref. to Ps. XVIII, 1.6); 
Yalk. Job 927. 



lnpie, 



Jimperat. of pB3. 

D, v. liljsB. 

IS J iplS m. (1p_B) 1) commandment. Targ.Prov.11,1. 
Ib. VI, 23 ; a. fr.— 2) safe-keeping, trust. Targ. 0. Lev.V, 21 ; 
23 (ed. Bon. a. Y. &»ilp&). 

TYffiB f. (plB) 1) (b. h.) sinking, v. tlp^s II.-2) (homilet., 
v. pp_S) stopper, gag. Midr. Till, to Ps. LIII, v. pSpB. 

1t3p1&, "'TDplS, a corrupt., for ipiMB (Punica,. <poi- 
vix^=(powixwi^, sub.Xau,ittt4; v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Laterna). 
Punic lantern. Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. II, 6 -tVO MS ffiiffl 'S 
■jaffl blSp a lantern which contains a receptacle for oil, 
contrad. to 15 blSp rVS tlS Who which has a receptacle 
for a candlestick. 

^P^l&m. pi., v. i]MB«. . . 



' f;= h. HplB, vacillation, weakness. Midr. Sam. 
ch. XXIII (ref. to hplB, I Sam. XXV, 31) [read:] mb nia» 



»)lpa 



1146 



x">rto 



&U8S31 'Ba "iims she said to him (David), lie on thy guard 
against (bringing on thee) weakness of soul (loss of courage 
when thou wilt have to pronounce judgment on others). 

(S5|5*© m. 0>pB) pod or capsule of a plant, boll (of 
flax).— Fl. ffi)<®. Targ, Y. I Ex. IX, 31 (h. text Visas).— 
[Nidd. 17 a , v.yVipB,] 

"pE&plD, Ah. Zar. 33 b Ms. M., v. swpa. 

"p?j?fe, v.sps. 

"H^Dm. pi. (ips), 'a ia (euphem.) anws, Yeb. 76 a ,-~ 
[Talk. Gen. 132, v. 'pip^S.] 

D^pis/s^n,v. r ^ B ^. 

1 .It m * ( W0X( *P' 0V ) lock or tuft of wool (used as 
lint on a wound). Tosef. Sabb. V (VI), 2 ; Sabb,5Q a 'plB3 
Ms. M. (ed. 'Ipsa; Ms.O. '1lpiB3; eorr. ace). Gen.E. s,77 
'31 'B . . . ^DS Jaoob . . . took a tuft of wool and stuck it 
in his throat; Yalk. ib. 132 ilplS (corr. aco.); Cant. B. to 
III, 6 '31 15151 flplB ba3 (corr. ace.) he took (a rope of) 
wool and wound it around his neck. Koh.B.toX, 16 lV^K 
'51 'B W) Tf*n (not "!&) had I been there, I should, have 
tied a rope of wool around his (Solomon's) neck; Yalk. 
Kings 175 yips (corr. ace). Y. Erub. X, beg, 26 a 'B 'paS 
1113 Wl (not 1"np"») the T'fillin were in his hand (bundled 
up) like a tuft of wool (put on a wound). Tosef. Kil. V, 23 
'51 flB^Sfll tlilpsn (corr, ace.) lint (for wounds) and wool 
tufts are not subject to the law concerning mixture of 
wool and flax (di&&5). 

"fiDm. (b, h,; lis; cmp.OiiB, S&iS; v.Halevy, Eevue 
des Et. JuivesXIV, p. 289 sq.) [piece, division,] lot. Sabb. 
149 b (ref. to »Vin, Is. XIV, 12) '31 'B ^Era n^rtllJ he used 
to cast lots on the nobles of his kingdom to find out &c, 
Esth. B, to III, 7 &W3 'B V'tsn fiinna first he oast the 
lot on days (of the week); naga ins dTO 'B Vwi he cast 
the lot as to the first day of the week; a. e.— Ber. 16 h 
'51 «111B3 IBaJBiaj -jlSI W (some ed, ■jiSttSpittJ) may it be 
thy will to cause to dwell in our lot (that in our lot may 
dwell) love and brotherhood &c; (Ms, M.11H11B3, v.Babb. 
D. S. a.l.) ; Y.ib.IV, 7 d bot. 151111B3 13101110 (from KJIIB).— 
PL bills, Til-IB. Yalk. Num. 785 they did not come 'spon- 
taneously, )Yfb9 'Afatya 'B &6s but lots were cast for 
them; a. e.~-Esp.Pwt»», the festival commemorating the 
delivery of the Jews of the Persian empire from the 
massacre with which they were threatened through the 
machinations of Haman, Ab. Zar. 17k, v. nsa. Meg. 7 b 
'B tillSb the festive meal of Purim. B. Mets,106 b , a. e, 
'B nasa, v. riasa; a.fr. 

&TV© ch. same. Targ. Esth. Ill, 7 (ed.Lag. Kh^a),— 
Sabb. T 149 b 'Siwrt, v. UJbri, — PI. K*11b, esp. the festival 
of Purim, v. preced. Targ. Esth. IX, 26 ; 28 ; a. e.— Meg. 7 b 
'51 'B3 ioiwA OT Wrta man is bound to make himself 
cheerful with wine on Purim, until he knows no more 
the difference &c. Ib, 5 b ; a. e. 

&VT©m.=K1iB, fruit— PL K*11B, "plis, ills. Buth 
E. introd. (ref. to Van, Prov. Xix', 15) llfiilSlO 5&3 K"ia3 
'Bl as you say, the price of fruits has fallen (meaning, 



fruits are plentiful). Y.Taan.ni,66 d top1Bai01 'B lianas* 
come and see the fruits of the sun (of a hot and dry 
year). Gen. B. s. 71 (ref. to WW Job XXXVI, 7) 1031JK5 
WliSI TftiSiS latfl (not wrt$) as a man says, the eyes 
(prospects) of the fruits (hopes of success; Midr.Sam.ch. 
XXVmilrVmep yirwws, v. tepBty. Y.B.Mets.II,end,8 d 
'51 IS 'B "b lam Kiani *pa blessed be the Merciful who 
made me see fruits (success of my pupil), while I am 
alive ; a. e. 

"S^fiS f. (<popfSsi'<x) halter. Gen. B. s. 45 (prov.) dx 
,'B "ft UtiS . . . lax Mus. (ed. 15113 "$> 1133) if one tells 
thee, thou hast the ears of an ass, mind it not; if two, 
order a halter for thyself; (Yalk. ib. 79 WIS, v. X011B). 

(I lii jlS m. (redupl. of SIB) a sprouting bulb, seed* 
onion. Y.Peahlll, 17 c (expl. 5^23 blO ninax, Mish.111,4) 
'B las 31 Bab says, it is what we call purgarah (E. S. 
a. 1. 131B, read: 1&1B). Y. Maasr. 1, 49 a bot. (expl. ipSHOa, 
Mish. I, 6) 'B dill 11 ya (not llB, TB) when the seed- 
onion is separated from the onions, v. i>pB. 

Fl jiB m. (1iB; cmp. Kills) frame of laths, portable 
stand for the display of goods. Y. B. Kam. II, end, 3 a in 
'S3 niia^B ... a man put his wares out on a frame (to 
exhibit them in the street). 

"©TUB, v. isaiB. 

»D' i ni&,KamD, v.saitis. 

sbTH'lD, v. *6l1B. 

fflPlS, v. saitns. 

ilin"llw f.pl. (nis) eruptions, name of a certain form 
of clouds. Taan. 9 b , v. Vnn. 

srncrflBi, v. sdhb. 

WFB Purim, v. Kite. 

T - ' » 

xpyte, rpiis fruits, v. siib. 

X'H'lS I m. = 11B, lot. Y. Ber. IV, 7 d bot., v. lis. 
t : ■ 

^"VlB* ^"H.^Doh. same. Targ, Cant. 1, 16 ilffla ns 
JtlTQin 6011HB3 ed. Lag. (ed. Amst. snaian, corr. ace.) 
thou causest love to dwell in our lot (v. 11B). 

^""fiBlI c. (ilB, sec. r. of 11B; v. 11'ilBS) [frame,] 
couch, esp. the bride's litter. Pesik.E. s.43 dlaS nanain 
'83, v. liiias. Cant. B- to IV, ii wyisa naiaii it r&a na 
'31 as a bride is seated in her litter (is carried in pro- 
cession, as if) saying, behold, I am pure &c. 

fcVHIB, SO^-lliS ch. same, bed. Sabb. 1 1 8 a (expl. nbllB 
na^) s'no 131 'Ba bedstead and a cushion; B. Bath. 9 a , 
M, Kat. ll a 'B TlWb »Vl . . . S1113 after fish, cresses and 
milk, let the body be laden but not the bed (walk but do 



«.Wtfe 



1147 



■pffflD 



not lie down). Keth. 10 b (etymol.) '31 'pE* 'B the bed is 
called puria, because on it tneil multiply and increase ; 
a.fr.-^Yalk.Gen,70 fib!) Till!* IMa llril 'B Ifib ftlrt they (in 
Sodom) had a bed on which they let strangers sleep; 
Snh.l09 b KtjwflB V$> SWi (Ms. : M. KrVw&lia ; Yalk. ed. 
Salon. SOIbia,' read :i01b ">3).— P^n^llE. Sabb,121 a sq. 
"B 1Mb iniiK . . . 31*> (Ms. O. IRITIS) fork J. and E. J. . . . 
they brought couches in. 

NDi" l "1 ! l£>, '"IB m.==h. D^IB, ftften T. Keth. II, beg. 
26 a (expl. saWij Mish. 1, 1) 'B . . . -pal the Palestinian 
scholars call it puryoma, v. NalJin. Cant. E. to III, 10 
'IB pi-iss Kin rial filMi W yiiiBK appiryon (Cant. Ill, 9) 
refers to the holy ark, and what does appiryon mean? 
A litter. 

1 YH/IS m. (cmp. Biilfe^iilB) same, litter . Mekh. Mishp. 
s. 1, v. VfQrtfib.— [Num. E. s. 12; Cant.E.toIII, 10 Mils,, v. 
Bi^lS.] [<PopeTov is a phonetic coincidence With our w.] 

T ■ ' t : 

Sj""|l*^ m. (v. preced. wds.) canopy on a frame, 
bridal bed. Targ. Y.Deut. XXXII, 50.— [Targ. Caht.1, 16, 
V. DC11BI.] 

t : J 

Nrfil'-if© I f. bed, v. 1^118 II ch. 

Sri" l ']n ! lS II f. (preced.) [frame,] lid with rims, close- 
fitting cover (corresp. to pB/il, v. SifreNum. 126, quot. 
s. v. VtiB). Targ. Y.II Num. XIX, 15 KSIBa 'S pasted-on 
lid (h. text Vtfifi liaS; Y. I xnBISa). 

WH 5 ©, v. Ki^llB. 

tt : t t ; 

nr"H"iS f. (11b) birds of prey. Yalk. Ps. 820, v. 

Kfnittji! 

NHS*] 5 © f. OpB II) sheaf. Targ. Y. Gen. XXXVII, 7.- 
PZ. snails. Ib. (ed. Amst. 'a"!®).— V. N5WBH. 

iWT©, 5^D IS m. (BIB) piece of cloth, rag used as 
a mask, bandage over the eyes. Tanh. Mishp. 19 BIT>JB3 'B 
'31 Billan }1}S they (the demons) have a mask over their 
faces like the millers' asses; '31 ftbx 'Brt frallS niilSrtiaal 
and when man's sins bring it about, the mask is removed, 
and man becomes insane; Yalk, Ps. 772 KalB ... IfiX ^31 
'31 BrWSa (read: 'S">JB3) and every one of them has a 
bandage over his eyes; Midr. Till, to Ps. XVII )TSi XaXIB 
'aTp-PiPS i3Bb(ed.Bub.n3iri3); Yalk. Ps. 670 naXllS/iaxllB 
(a confusion of KallB and KaKIB); Y'lamd. to Deut. 11,31, 
quot. in Ar. sails ed. Koh. (oth. ed. miXaiB, DilSWIB, corr. 
ace.),— Pi. S^allB, TollB, 'IB. Sabb. 66 b , v. TBK1B. Yalk. 
Gen. 79 "Wis *f? TVW get thyself bandages (as for an ass 
in the tread-mill) ; v. Talis. 

TT© m. (IIS; cmp. Hif. IBfl) one who breaks his 
promise, perfidious.^-Fl. b^illS. Sifre Deut. 320 (synon* 
ymous with ^BaSSl); Yalk, ib. 945 "pSHS (some ed.fSlla, 
corr. ace). 



IT©) iO! 5 © I m. endowment, v. "|i|. 
WHS II, l"U"V©ft oven, v. laito. 
W"liB, ftD"")"©, Kel. XI,' 4, v. •'SI'iB 2. 

T&7©, v. w ■ 

'OT© t. (wopvn)) l) harlot. Lev. E. s. 33 'S K^B, v. 
i^a I; Yalk. Dan. 1061, Cant. E. to III, 4 ">JB (corr. ace), 
v. h axa.-"*2) (cmp. Lat. adultera, adulterina, sub. elavis; 
v. Sm. Ant. s. v. Clavis) skeleton-key. Kel. XI, 4 iJIIBfl 
Ar. ed. Koh. (ed. KSIIBrt, rWUBn). 

*J yw f. (an adaptation, of furnus, (poopvo<;, as if from 
1 JS) [the supplier. ,] a stationary, large baking oven, con trad, 
to 115n. Tosef.Bets.111,20; Bets.34 a , Pes.31 b 'B rlB bread 
baked in the pwrni (large loaves). Ab. Zar. 35 b 'B HB 
ilXb nBKa bread of an oven of a batch of a S'ah of flour; 
a. fr. — Kel. VIII, 9 SlJilB an earthen oven j Tosef. ib. B. 
Kam. VI, 17 &B1WS. 

m^llB, v. next art. 

"pTlB, v. lis. 

n*J I iS f. (preced. art.) supply of bread, sustenance 
(cmp. ri^SlB). Gen. E. s. 67 {read:] '31 i-PIBX ^alia thy 
sustenance is baked for thee everywhere, v. JIBS ; Yalk. 
ib, 115 ilBK iniiJIIB (corr, ace). 

DDT©! Gen. E. s.68 some ed.; Yalk. Gen, 119, read: 

bllfo; v.Nalbs. 

J^D J*S m. (bis I) division, arrangement, order,proper 
time (cmp. y|5). Sabb. 129 b '31 ba Sail 'B the order (proper 
period) for blood-letting is every thirty days; Stall 'B 
'31 in the order (proper day) for blood-letting is the first 
day of the week &c. Gitt. 37 a (explaining ViabllB) 'B 
SttiVial the arrangement (institution) of a measure. 

Np"*n5>m. (preced.) tdisfri6*«io» J ,cmp.tjat.dispensat6r,] 
manager, purser.-^- M.Xrfi&. Yoma9 a t> ^iliniB "«a what 
does parhedrin mean? Managers (v. ^TJfilB). Yeb. 45 b 
iaai 'Ba niija appointed him one of the collectors of 
Babylonia;Sabb,154 a baai n»OliBa;(Eashiib11Ba; Tosaf. 
n*b11BS, ttii011B8 over the collectors of &e,).— [Gitt. 28 b , 
v. next w.] 

(xmiDtrw,) an^piiB m. & m puna 

nameh, Perl. Bt. St., p. 36) investigation paper, verdict 
Gitt. 28 b 'B binnbi iapa (ed, sasia ibilB, read:: iBiBUB 
5QS) before the verdict is signed. 

"j&^B, MO&H'lSm. (DIB I, cmp,SQl!iB) distribution, 
arrangement, assessment, valuation (h.^is). Targ. O. Lev. 
XXVII, %, sq. Ib, V, 15; a. fr.— [Denom.'l'blBiN q. V,] 

EYODT©, v. rpJbiB. 

• t : ■ » '- 

1Ty&, t^yyB I m. (SIB) payment. Targ. Y. Ex. 
XXI, T 7 (ed. pn TpilB).— B. fiSlilB, v. «n»S1i|B. 



in®. 



1148 



KOTIB 



j" j'Sj NJ" yaS II m. (preced:) [payer,] avenger, 
executor. Targ. Nah. I, 2 (h. text Dpi). Targ. T. Ex. 
XX, 5 ; a. e — PL ■'pSS'VIB. Targ. 0. Deut. XVI, 1 8 (ed. Vien. 
'IB; h. text bilalB)." Targ. II Chr. XXXIV, 13. 

! D2?""fiB, v. Nnw-iiB. 

T ! t t : 

n*j3J JlD f. (preced. wds.) retribution, reward; esp. 
punishment, divine visitation; evil dispensation, reverses. 
Yoma 76 a ; Snh. ioo b , a. e. is rvroa nana naits hTa the 
measure of divine goodness is larger than that of evil dis- 
pensation, .lb. 102 a/ sb nsfflto Sttl rTS (not pita) there is a 
time designated for visitation (of man's sins) ; 'sb ... Dlpa 
there is a place designated for&c. Ab.I,7, v.tti&O; a.v.fr. — 
B. Bath. 14 b , v. next w.— PZ.nWS"fflB. Ab. V,8Vva USSI) 
'31 'B (some ed. sing.) seven kinds of visitations come upon 
the world. Taan. 14 a '31 'B iJTo ba 1X11)1 and all other 
calamities that threaten &c; B.Kam.80 b . E.Hash.l8 bl1 iX 
'B Tibb fffia I count (the fast-days) according to the 
chronological order of the sad events (which they com- 
memorate); a. fr. 

(XrVuS' /IS, Ij" j&S ch. same, 1) repayment, re- 
ciprocation. Targ. Prov. XIX, 17. — M. Kat. 22 b Ms.M. (ed. 
XPjsiib), v. sftto^'ix.' — 2) punishment, evil dispensation. 
Targ.Y. Deut. XXVIII, 24. Targ. Jer. XIV, 19; a. fr — 
B. Bath. 14 b '31 'Ba iVlflhK we must not begin with evil 
events (not place the Book of Job at the head of the 
Hagiographa); ib. 108 a (ref. to Mish. VIII, 1) ta "^innx 
'31 we must not place the case of evil (of parents surviving 
their children) first. Ib. 14 b Kin '8 i»5 Pi11(N!i1) Ms. O. 
a. E. (v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 2) but does not the Book 
of Euth likewise contain a tale of evil dispensations? 
(Answ.) rVTHK fb rVW SWl / B Ms. H. (ed. rVHM filSSIlB 
'31 i"Jib) it is a tale of misfortune which ends well; a. e. — 
PI. ■piiS'ito, IJSSTIB. Targ. Ez. XXV, 17. Ib.XIV, 21 ed. 
Lag. (oth. ed.^iJS-lIB). 

NM?*) 5 ©, v. preced. 

IS©")*©, !tf SH 5 © m. (v. S]lB) hook— PI. fBllB, N*B-llB, 
W& Targ. Ex. XXVI, 6; 11 (h. text CPblp); a. fr/ ' 

txy®y&, rn^n©, '■ten© . ( 90 p<p6 P a,.mi*. 

pura) purple, esp. purple cloak, royal garment. Cant. E. 
to IV, 12 (expl. hapl, Ez. XVI, 10) 'B purple garments; 
Pesik. B'shall., p. 84 b ■JWBTIB; Lam. B. beg. (some ed. 
K11B11B). Ib. iblB 'B SOa he rends his purple cloak (in 
mourning); ib. to II, 17 SiiliB'ilB Sta (some ed. "pliBllB, 
,corr..acc.)., v. 5>ta. Ex. E. s. 30 ffliai RlhlB .'Sa li*>S (not 
KlBllBa) they criticised the cloak he wore. Deut. E. s. 7 
ibm 'B lSia^ put on my royal cloak. Esth. E. to III, 6 'B 
'31 NJaila UObalthe royal purple is sold, woe to him who 
sells, woe to him who buys it; na"p!llt> 'B ~p ^"IID" 1 *p 
!jh3 IK&na (some ed. fcOIBIlB) so Israel is the purple cloak, 
for, the Lord is glorified through them; a.v.fr. — PI. 
nitOBllB. Pesik. E. s. 10, v. XillBllB. 

t : : ' t : ; 

■pTlSmD, '"©7©, read: 'pte'ito. 
" VFWy& ^©(fcT-lBTflB) f. same. Gen. B. 



s. 85, end 8,"baa 'B a Babylonian purple cloak; (Yalk. 
Josh. 18 llpibaa XliBIIB). Lam. E. beg., v. preced. Midr. 
Till, to Ps.IX, 13 ibttJ 'Sa.iatYD marks it (with blood) on 
his purple; Yalk. ib. 645 KTi&-|lB3 (some ed. liBIIBa); 
v. next w.— PL rtixi1B"flB, interch. with WXlBliB. Pesik. 
It. s. 10; a.e. 

■)^Jf^,^y&^, 'TO m . (uopcpop.ov) 
same. Yalk. Ps. 869 (quot. fr. Y'lamd.) . . . butt blS^as 
"31 'B mix ffiaibl ...•bat baiai the Lord, as it were, 
takes of every (martyr's) life-blood, and dips his purple 
in it . . ., and when the day of judgment comes . . . , he 
puts on that purple and shows the body of every righteous 
man marked on it &c; Yalk. Num. 785. Gen. E. s. 74 
'31 YibSa 'S -Pasi-il (not 'pl&iB) took off the purple cloak 
and the crown &c; a. fr.— PL 'pIB'flB, "WIS, T^BTJIB. 
Tanh. Ki Thissa 8; Lev. E. s. 2; Pesik. Sh'ek. 16 b (not 
111...); a .e. 

.ND"©")/©, v. K&IB'IB. 

IS llDj v. preced. art. 

sSuBHISm. (v. next w.; sub. "p) wine made of kernels. 
B. Bath. 95 b (Eashb.) ywnsiB pi. ; Ar. KaWiB ; v. Eabb. D. 
S. a. 1. note 8. 

liO^V© m., pi. 'pSSIlB, *VS!yiB (fSB, with anorg. 1; 
cmp. XliSlB) kernels of grapes, a pomace of kernels. Targ. 
O. Num. VI, 5 (ed. Vien. 'SniB); qttot. Naz. 39 a .— Ab. Zar. 
34 b ixal!*n '& kernels sold' by gentiles. Pes.42 b "sia when 
the drink (Ian) is made of kernels. Ber.38 a !ViaXp 'SI IX 
or do you mean (by trimma) a drink made of kernels? 
Hull. 110 a '&a over a fire made with kernels (cmp. ^BIO). 

™p J*S m. (denomin. of IplB) a blow on the back. 
Y. Ber.'li,5 c bot. 



J \\-> J Is? m. a species of peas. Kil.1, 1 (Ms. M. 'pplB), 
expl. Y. ib. 27 a top PJJiaVia. 

"©IpT©, v. iBip^a. 

jj> JlDj !Sj|5 JlD, jD m. (p'lB) redemption money, 
redemption; delivery. Targ'.O.Num.III,46; 48, sq. Targ. 
Ps; XXXIII, 17. Ib.XCVI,2. Ib.XCV,l MJpnte ed.Lag. 
(oth. ed. WpllB, corr. ace); a. fr.— Y. Meg. Y, 70 c bot. ilini 
"IB ; Meg. Taan. ch. XII -bxittJi n^ab "l& nifll there came 
release to the house of Israel; a. e. — V. Siip'iB. 

ni3|5'7' ! ©^r^?(2"l ! !S f. sam* Targ. Ps. XLIV, 5. 
Ib.XXVlil,8; a.e. / ' 
IS, v. Dp-IB. 



i, v. snp^s. 

^fl~i ! lSf.(-inB,y.!*'llB) evil fate (cmp.srari). Targ. II 
Esth. IX, 26 (ed. Frf. S&iiB). 

sSri fas f. (preced.) 1) fragment, portion. Y. Ber. 
II, 5 a bot. tmytb ntB-iis nap he tied his (E. Jacob's) 
portion to his own. Gitt. 34 b rtlffl 'B1 . . . lip they called 
her Miriam, hut a portion. (some few people) called her 
Sarah; a. e.— 2) a little. Kidd. 70 a , v. KrwiMj. Gitt. 56 b , 



UJife 



1149 



•t'B 



v:nban. Ib.'B * nw nVlTl IS until his (shrunken) towels 
gradually extended. B. Mets. 118 a ; a. fr. 

(DIS (cmp. U3S3) to breathe; to rest one's self. Sabb. 5 b 
ttjl&b las he stood still in order to rest, opp. fcjrob to 
adjust his load; B. Kam. 31 a ; a. e. 

-1251B, "'CS oh. (preced.; b. h. 45*18) [to 6e Woww wp,] 
to expand, grow larger, increase; to remain over. Targ. 
0. Gen.XXVI,22 (ed. Berl. kMi«5b?1, v. infra).— Part. IBB, 
lB>B v 1B>B; pi. It's, T^B.,. Targ. Cant. VI, 11. Ih. 1, 16.— 
Keth. 106 a -'31 iia^S llh there remained with him &e, 
Taan. 20 b *'31 ttJi^B mm, v. flSSU Sabb. 89 b ^fflan inb 11BB 
there remain, fifty; a. fr.— Lam. B. to 11,2 Kb fUNS t)S 
33 ^mb n'fla with them, too, it did not prosper well, 
i. e. they did not end well (Y. Taan. IT, 69 a "Jlp&a !*b 

nixaa). 

Af. 1B>B!*, ifflBK to enlarge, increase. Targ. Ps. CV, 24. 
Targ. Job XXXVI, 24 IZTBt-l (not IBiBB). Targ.Y. (a. 0. ed. 
Berl.) Gen I.e. Mii«5&* he will increase us (h. text li^BI); 
a. e.— Sabb. 32 a '31 OITTi lB>&n (Ar. IB^n. Pe.), v. fcOana ; 
Talk. Gen. 31 ; a. e.— V. UTS)/ 

n^TOIS, v. wiisiiB. 

' T I" 

StfnttJID, y. next w. 

fcCE? 5 ©, JJ255, fcOttfe m. (fttB, cmp. fflBB to spfti, 
^(ir<) [spread fingers,] hand-breadth, palm (cmp. nb^iB II). 
Targ. Ex.XXV, 25 (Y. II MBit)). lb. XXXVII, 12 (noY^iBB). 
Targ. Ez. XL, 5. Targ. Y. Lev. XXIII, 42 (ed. Diehrenf. 
STOWS); a. fr.— Gen. B. s. 16 Ar., v. tXa^p.—Pl. "p3«5lB, 
HfBttSlB, is&lB. Targ. I Kings VII, 9 (projections, eaves; 
h* text ninsa). Targ. Y. Lev. 1. c. (ed. Diehrenfurt TBjsiB) ; 
a. e.— Y. Suce. Ill, beg. 53 c 'paiai 'B large (wide) hand- 
breadths ; yp^l 'B small (narrow) handbreadths (v. nBa, 
a. 322). Bab. ib. 5 b ; a. e. 

;•■ MB, v. stis. 

UpTD^S) m. = SOffiilB. Talk. Dan. 1062 M»J 1SS1S13S 

It : t : 

'B Whop (some ed. ">S) Neb. the dwarf, the stump, as 
big as the palm of the hand (prob. to be read n&t|31B1B, 
cmp. •'sass), v. KBiip. 

nS3j?tt5 ! lB, fc^j^lSm. (prob.=XSp. 1B>B ito#e fatf ) 
rawen^B. Bath. 73 b '31 ns^ai 'B snx (Ms. M; msbai K2plBlB) 
a raven came and swallowed the snake. 

"©"© m., pi. Bi-ilBiB, yniiiiB tepid (water), v. 1U3B. 

Jtf'lffl'©, ^.'p'lajlB, i-iiftB, v. STiShiSb. 

JO""©'© m. ("HBB)=h. •pins, solution, interpretation. 
Targ^Gen. XL, 5. Ib. 8 Xiiabn fiffllS Y. a. 0. ed. Berl. 
(some ed. pBJIB only, corr. ace.) ; a. fr. 

WDflBlB pr. n. m. Pushtabna, name of a tall man. 
Num. T B.s. 9 (ed. Leipz. 'aniBIB); Nidd. 25 a top SPSniB'TB 
(read: 'IBIS; Ar. K33VUBB). [Tosaf. to Nidd. 1. c. an of- 
ficial title.'] 

HIS, Tosef. Ter. VII, 16 rvwiBa Var. ed. Zuck., v. n*lB h. 



niSf. (=nsiBri,ornp.nW=-ln-fnnj t|BhII) scraper, strigil. 
Tosef. Kel. B. Mets. II, 12 '31 bffl HlBn ed. Zuck. (Var. tllBS, 
B. S. to Kel. XII, 6 man, read : hl&n) the metal scraper 
in private houses, contrad. to 'J"H' , blK blB hVHSa. 

WTf® f. = h. nWB. Sabb. 66 b (ref. to the use of puah 
as a prophylactic) waa 'B b&5 the puah has fallen into 
a pit (it has fallen into desuetude). . , 

nrilBf. (b.h. rnrspl; v. Mrs) socket of the door-pin. 
Kel. XI, 2 "lisn PnnttJ 'B ed. Dehr. (oth. ed. nhis) the 
hole under the hinge; Num.B. s. 12 (expl. MPS, I Kings 
VII, 50) '31 rtniB ffl (some ed. nniB). this is (what the 
Mishnah Kel. 1. c. calls) &C.—PI. hiHlB. Pesik. B. s. 6. 

nr^Dm. (PlfiB) opening, aperture; nsa'B an aperture 
a hand-breadth wide. Ohol. Ill, 6 'a '83 the aperture 
required in the case is a hand-breadth wide. Ib. 7 IB" 1 
'a 'S mxiS' i a W*\ 'a 'B ia if it (the gutter) is a hand- 
breadth wide, and its outer end is : of the same size &c. 
Ib. XIII, 2 'B 'B3 miSIB the standard measure is the 
width of &c; a. fr.— Tosef. ib. X, 2, a. fr. fiBB Vila (fr. 
fins) width. 

nnrfl5> f. (nns) i) lock, b. Bath, vi, 5 's ib Hfflis.m 

'31 this one (the owner of the well) has the right to put 
on a lock, and so that one (the owner of the house) has. 
Kel. XIII, 6, v.S)n;a.fr.— P/.ninniB. Tarn. Ill, 7. Mekh. 
B'shal). s. 1 'Bb drib Wi trt-W and they (the rocky forms) 
had eyes in place of locks (?).— 2) pi. ninnis hinges, socket 
andnivot. Num. B. s. 12 (expl. hire, I Kings VII,"50) lbj* 
'S it means the hinges (sockets and pivots); Cant. B. to 
111,10 rvfiPSn read: 'B tin, v. t)!!; Pesik. B. s.6 l^alban 
'B31B the pegs (pivots) of the hinges. 

-Trfe m. (nr.B) width, nsa 'B, v. nHs. Tanh.Bol4 
[read] nS121 baJ^B^niBI the width of the strap. 

fcTlTfiD, TTTt&oh.B&me,l)ioidth. Targ. Ex. XXVI,, 8; 
a. fr.— Yeb. 63 a 'Bb Bashi (ed. mniBb) widthwise (of the 
field); a. e.— 2) enlargement, delivery. Targ.Ps.CXVIII,5 
Ms. (ed. "Wil. K^ns; ed. Lag. KISllB).— 3) 'B 111B the wide, 
open road, proper conduct. Y. Keth. VII, 3 l c "DST! sbl 
'B 1HB3 and not choose the open road (behave with 
propriety). 

p^rlB m. (v. Low, Pfl., p. 315) pennyroyal (Mentha 
puleg'ium). Sabb. 109 b (expl. ITSli, ib. XIV, 3) TfiB (Ms. 
M. pSaiB, Ar. SiDlB, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note), v. ni|i\ 

nEYtei v. nnis. 

NrifflD m.=KmB, apiece of bread. Y. Ab.Zar.III,.41 a 
bot., v. NFiiQ. 

T ' 

US m. (b.h.; ITS) [glistening,] 1) fine gold; 2) name of 
a jewel. Yoma 44 b sq. (expl. tBia, I Kings X, 1 8) .hOITO 
Jab because it resembles tihepaz. Midr.Till. toPs.CXIX, 
s \27 ymrt brb tsni . . . laiS WRW ^Bb because money and. 
gold and fine gold cannot stand up (as defense) on the 
day of judgment. Gitt. *58 a / v. ms. Ex. B. s. 8; Tanh. 
Vaera 8 IB &tl3 fine gold ; a. e. 

145 



KV1TS 



1150 



nfe 



^JilS, N|1-f© m. (preced.) wade 0/ /?«« gold.— PI. 
XililB, '",'*iB. Targ. Job XXVIII, 18 'IB (ed. Lag. 'PB). 

" , p!QlJ5, v. ipatiB. 

"11©, V. 11*iB. 

J|s3 (b. h.) [to wjwe to and fro,'] \)tobe bright, glisten, 
v. IB. — 2) (of sound) to jingle, rustle. Num. B. s. 4 lVlp 
tliB, v. 15b.— 3) to 6e rosA. Sabb. 55 b nms (fr. WB), v. bit h. 

JSb/'.tSin, part.tBla made offinegold; glistening. Yoma 
44 15 sq., v" IB. Y. ib. IV, 41 d top ; Cant. B. to III, 10 ; Num. 
B. s. 12, v. ps\ 

Pi. Mis 1) to dance, sport, v. 1BK.— 2) (of sound) to 
j'iw^fe, rwsife. Num. B. s.4 (ref. to II Sam. VI, 16) l"Ba ina 
'31 what does wCfazzez mean?, v. )ib. 

n © (s^JS) pr. n. m. Pazzi, (Pazia). Y. Hor.III, end, 
48 c ; Y. Sabb. XII, 13 c bot. 'B 131 *ib\X members of the 
family of Bar Pazzi; Y. Sot. IX, end, 24 c 'B iSI.— Pesik. 
Par., p. 33 a 'B 13 'pStl; Tanh. Buck. 5 'B *p pn; Yalk. 
Num. 759 IBB 13 "3H (corr. ace); Pesik. B. s. 14 p IJHIi 
'B; Yalk. Ps.658 'B p flSoiB. Pesik. B. s. 15 'B p *,*,n. Y. 
Meg.IV,75 a bot. 'B p tnTl; a. e. 

Cs|"]D m. 1) (v. tts 3) rash, overhasty, impetuous. Keth. 
112 a '31 "finals inialpl 'B xas rash people that you were 
when you permitted your mouths to anticipate your ears 
(promised to obey before you heard, Ex. XXIV, 7), you 
still persist in your impetuousness (risk your lives for 
your refigion) ; Sabb. 88 a (Ms. 0. KUnB, v. Babb. D. S.^,. 1. 
note 400) ; Yalk.Ex. 277.— [2) (v. Wits) gilded, or glazed.— 
PI. TJB. Yoma78 b '31 'B isxa Ms'. M. 1 gilded or glazed 
earthen vessels, v. ttS.] 

sSiTl"© f. (preced.) rashness, impetuousness. Keth. 
112 a *fiiir>1ti*BS, v. preced.; Sabb. 88 a 13nnitnB3 (Ms. M. 
1311W&3, corr. ace.);. Yalk. Ex. 277 13iifi1tnB3. 

n"?S paziah, a substitute for nazir (v. 11313). Naz. 
1,1; Y.ib. 51 a pits. 

5|S(cmp.ttB) toturn, twist (the head). Pesik.B.s.H 
[read:] rtoh&ai n'bt'is Kim rnB^nna n^s bis> rubs rib's 
1>1S3 once she has had a yoke on, her eyes change (she 
squints), and she turns her head and attempts to look 
at the yoke (Tanh. ed. Bub., Huck. 3 mbs^Ba rnjiS). 

Nif. V(BJ to be twisted. Pesik. E. 1. c. bisn p dims 1W1 
'3iD (not I^SStB) and they had another evidence from the 
yoke (that had just been taken off her) the rope of which 
appeared twisted. 

Q^j©, Pa. tHSB (cmp. lis) [to leap,] to speak or sing 
in one's faw» (corresp. to h. SlSS). Targ. Job III, 2 3V!* 'SI 
(v.PerlesBeitr.z.Gesch.d. hebr. u. aram. Studien, Munich 
1884, p. 67 sq.). Targ. Ex. XV, 21 rW(&1 Ar. Hakk. Ms. 
Begensb. (v. Perles 1. c.).— [In liturgy fiats a poem with 
a refrain for congregational response.] 

CSQjS, r£> c. (preced.) leaping, haste. Pesik. Hahod. 
p. 101 b (ref. to Ps. XVIII, 20) 'he released me, because he 



had delight in me', KmilK i*> yrrn& ma fp"^b xn trm 'B 
(not Kin) it was his haste (anxiety) that rose in. him, to 
give me the Law (cmp. Cant.B. to 11,8, quot. s. v. "i*ais); 
Yalk. Ex.272 '31 npte mi 'S (corr.acc); Yalk.Sam.161. 
Midr. Till, to Ps.XXII,9 pii& trim 'B (not 1*11*1 ; ed. Bub. 
pi?& i"pWl XaKS, corr. ace.) his anxiety (to save me) 
arose; Yalk. ib. 686 Ipi^d 1*11*1 'B (corr.acc). 

n £Dt£>, v. ipa-is. 

Pp-'lHtS, T£>, Midr. Till, to Ps.XVni,41; Yalk. 
Gen. 162 'ppiailB, TpiatlS; Yalk. Sam. 163 *|1pin*i&, read 
as Gen. B. s. 98 "jlpiliBB, v. * ( ipilBB.— [The corrupt, may 
have risen from a fusion of cpoatxov and its synonym 
waTptx6v.] 

~]9 (b. h.; cmp. 113) to scatter, disperse. Part. pass. 
1*tB; f. niltB; pi. dilltB, flUS; nilltB. Num.B. s. 7, end 
dhas H3131U 'B ".httttl and when they(the Israelites) are 
scattered, the Divine Presence is with them; a. e. — Ex. 
B. s. 15 fills Vtt, read: ■pllfi, v. Tanh. Haye 3.] 

Pi. 1*1*3 same. Tosef. Ber. VII (VI), 24 1"B . . . nsan 
'31 *,ii*B»ri nsani.v.ora. B.Bath. io b dn»V iimsa i-t&ilet 
him scatter his money (give liberally) among the poor. 
Pes. 87 b (ref. to 13111B rp*12*, Jud. V, 11) '*,1*B1B . . . nplX 
'31 (or *|1JBU3 Kal) the Lord has done kindness to Israel 
in scattering it among the nations. B. Bath. 10 a mi 
|fi1*Ba the wind disperses them (the clouds). Midr. Sam. 
ch.XXV dUSI Kli-i 1*Ba bX whether he would scatter 
abroad (divulge) the affairs, v. nii1*RMp; a. e.— Part. pass. 
1*1Ba; f. rilWBa; pi. dil-WBa, *|i1'*.&a'; nilMBa. Neg.IV,3 
'Baa when the hairs on the leprous spot are wide apart, 
opp. &513a, v. M3. Meg. 13 b diaSJrt *|i*j yi 'Ba they are 
scattered among the nations (of the kingdom), v. 11B. 
T'bul Yom II, 3 '31 'Ba run dX if the garlic was scattered 
in the mortar; a. fr. 

Nif. its J, Eithpa. I'bMi, Nithpa. itsni to be scattered, 
dispersed. Tosef. Sot. II, 3 '31-r.iSK nit&a nnnia ed. Zuck. 
(Var. f1i33 ni-TBtia) her meal-offering is strewn on the 
ashes; Y.ib. Ill, 18 d ; Sifre Num. 17. Sabb.l6 b '31 11*B*121 
and the clouds were dispersed and then gathered again. 
Gen. B. s. 36; a. fr. 

")]S, Pa. 1?S same. Targ. Prov. XX, 8 (usually 113). 

I IS, 3 lOp D, a mnemonical acrostic for &HB, 
•jat, hi, pip, ins, n313. Yoma 3 a ; a. fr. 

^ t: T' . m - C 1 ^) a w Mp or stick with which to 
drive off intruders. B. Earn. 28 a 3i!"rt>1 'B BIpsV (Ms.H. 
KlitB) let him take up a whip and sit (guarding); B/. 
Bath.99 b . 

NS I m. (b. h.; v. nrjB) hole, trap, snare. Madr. Till, 
to Ps. XOI, 3 (expl. UJlpi TO) K*tiiS*I KtlllSa the hunter's 
snare; Tanh. Naso 23. 

rI9 II m. (b.h.; tlSJ, cmp. B*1B) coal.— PI. difis. Gen, 
B. s. 51 (expl. dins, Ps. XI, 6) ynaai *,ilalj coals and 
snares (v. preced.); Yalk. ib. 85, 



ns 



1151 



JTOTE 



I© III m. (H3J) blowing. — PI. & h ns (only in con- 
nection with, ta^a), v. iisa in.— [For a)3i ">hs, v. ins.] 

NllD, ^FTfe, ^Sch.^nsl. Targ.Ps.OXIX, 110 (Ms. 
'IB). lb. 0X1,1,9 (ed.Wil.'B). Targ. Prov.VI, 5 'IB; a.e.— 
Arakh. 19 a (prov.) '31 Nt-paa itn&to srVM K3& (Var. in 
Eashi Nnns) an old man in the house is a snare (an 
obstacle) in the house, an old woman in the house is a 
treasure in the house.— PI. pris , "fa , "is- Targ. Job XXII, 
10 (ed. Wil. 'IS). Targ. Ps. CXXIV*7 (ed.Wil. 'a); a.e. 

Nl~© m., pi. yna (ni3 or tiSJ) [puffing at,] despising 
(cmp. Ps. X, 5) ; '3 13 a contemptible person, scamp: Y. 
Ber. II, 5 C . lb. IX, 13 d ; Y. Snh. XI, 30 c top; Cant. B. to 
II, 5. Koh. R. to XI, 9. lb. to II, 20; Lev. E. s. 25 '3 rttl 
a worthless woman. 

isris, v. smb. 

T ! ' 

"ir© (b. h.) [to breathe, pant,] to fear; to be anxious. 
Esth. eT to V, 1 "Hnsr? rta ^ why art thou afraid? Midr. 
Till, to Ps.XIT '31 is TiriS S>6uJ that they were not afraid 
of the Lord; a.e. 

iVi/Vms? to be frightened, excited. Esth. B. to IV, 1 5 iittTt 
'=1 lixa nnn&a ind!* Esther was greatly excited on ac- 
count of the evil &c. Cant. B. to III, 8 ywrrai. -paTina 
■) h inW1 afraid, trembling, and excited; a. e. 

JK/.YTisn to frighten. Num.E.s. 16 'ftTiBn> fUCpaatta 
when they want to frighten the child, v. TOIS"! ; a. e. 

Pi. TrpB same. Part; pass, "liyiBa; pi. d-nraBa. Sifra 
B'har.Par. 3, ch.IV (ref. to Lev. XXV, 19) KjjV&'nWsa «!s 
'Ba neither scattered, nor frightened. 

Hithpa. "tfjanri, Nithpa. ihsfo to 6e afraid; to be 
joyously excited; to await with anxiety. Pesik.B. s. 15 
BilMBlna KVi dTWna Vtt fctVl and they were neither 
afraid, nor excited; Yalk.Ps. 795. Deut.B.s.l.end'jW'tia 
D3a ynriBnal trembled and were afraid of you. Ab. d'B. 
N. ch. IX '31 insna DI&rVB iaV 6trP\D that a man's heart 
should be afraid (of an evil occurrence) every day, Gen. 
B. s. 48 '31 iBlpY"* If" 1 !* *Bffft Ifi?*? 3 ? w tne one is excited 
thinking what the distinction will be which the king is 
to confer upon me; '31 "p STP8 lalJKI 'ana fill and the 
other is excited thinking what the judgment will be &c. ; 
Yalk. Is. 304. Tanh. Lekh 15 '31 SlBrt }>S ynriBna SHirt you 
will be excited with joy over the good which is reserved 
for you (ref. to 11031, Hos. Ill, 5), Cant. B. 1. c; a. fr. 

"If"© ch. same. Part. pass. TTlB. Targ. O. Deut. 
XXVIII, 66 (ed. Berl. a. oth. min). 

Pa. TTia same. Ber. 60 a TriBa «p1 iT*tn (Ms. P. TO) 
he saw that he was in fear; ib. rftHBa Np a"a Ms. M. 
(differ, in ed.) why art thou afraid?; Yalk. Job 897 ; Yalk. 
Is. 1. c. llTBa (Part. pass.). Pes. lll b , sq. TtlBa will be 
in fear (without knowing why) ; a. e. 

IF© m. (b.h.; preced.) fear. Esth. B. to IV, 6 1S11 'B 
fear and trembling. Yalk. Ex. 181 Srri>S brt S>3i the 
dread of them fell upon them. Gitt. 70 a ...tf^STi itttAtt) 
•pSl "pi 'B three things break a man's energies, they are, 
fear, travel, and sin. B.Bath. 10 a liaiffl 'JO fifflp J)1S a body 



is strong, fear breaks it; WW pi httip '3 fear is strong, 
wine drives it out; a. e. 

inS, Nil"© ch. same. Targ. Esth. VIII, 1 7 ; a. fr.— 
[Targ. Y. Lev. XIV, 50 1h31 ed. Amst., v. ins.]— Sot. 20 b , 
v. NKlMiS. Snh.95 b bot. aw laJ '3 SIMM fcdaS Sinn this 
man, too, lives in that fear, i. e. that is the very thing 
that troubles me. B. Mets. 66 b S*p tvnna VtOti KabiT 
WD perhaps he drinks to break his fear (to get courage)? ; 
Taan. 13 b iT*Tl!nS> some ed. (corr. ace.).— [V. p^ria.] 

fiir© f. (b. h.) same. Koh. B. to III, 11 (ref. to tfcs>h 
ib. 'the' unknown') '31 "|i6a ilB iflnrjB. the fear of the 
angel of death has he (the Lord) put into their hearts ; 
Midr. Till, to Ps. IX, 1 (ed. Bub. Irtl">b3; Yalk. ib. 642 
ItWoB, corr. ace). 

rTnr©, Num. a. s. is irmnB, v. rm?. 

"PIT©, "in© m. pi. (ins, cmp. ytyiB) [blown up, 
balls] testicles. 'Targ. O. Lev. XXI, 20 (ed. Berl. yvm); 
Y. li^rjBI. Targ. Job XL, 17 (Ar. s.v. •jim ed.Koh. WWiS, 
some ed. TilfiftB). 

fl)"©, "© m. (b.h.; ='B tea, v. Del. Assyr. Handw. 
p. 51 9 ; nYlS to be large, cmp.))b ; cmp. BIB a. ttjifis) grandee, 
high officer, governor. Y. Bets. I V, 62 c (R. Hiya addressing 
Bab) diiilhit " 1 B p son of nohility, follow them (the 
example of thy kindred) !— P/.nins. Bice. Ill, 3 tTJS&n 'Bn 
'31 the grandees, the chiefs, and the treasurers (of the 
Temple) went out to meet them. Num. B. s. 14; a. e. 

ni"©, pi. sniiriB ch. same. Targ. HChr.IX, 14 ed. 
Beck T (oth. ed. iJIS&B). 

Diins, v. ms. 

T TT 

nilnS pr. n. m. Pahorah (Potter). Y. Sot. IX, 24" 
hot.; Y. Maas. Sh. V, end, 56 d '3 "p -IW^J*. 

N?J"linS pr. n. pi. P'horta (Pottery), a suburb of 
Tiberias. Y.'Eruh. V, 22 b bot. 

Dins m. (nns) [diminished,] 1) a small quantity. Y. 
Dem. I, 21 d bot. te^a nins (not telSa) a small quantity 
of food (corresp. to ib. I, 2 iBISa).— 2) (adj. a. adv.) lesser, 
less. Men. XI, 9 d'Wa 'B "ps* no less than two days (after 
being baked); ib. '31 "irfl 8^1 nStDtia '3 "pH no less than 
nine days, nor more than eleven; Pes. 47 a ffp «il '3 S& 
no less (than nine), nor more (than eleven). Meg. 21 b 
'31 'B niBlBa yn^toa ^S in distributing the readings of 
a Scriptural portion we must leave for the last reader no 
less than three verses; a. v. fr.— Fern, nrfins. Tosef. Kel. 
B. Mets. XI, 1 '31 '3 i^niB naiS a kneading trough which 
contains less than &c. ; a. fr.— PL nirWlB. Keth. I, 2 'B 
'31 IB^IB H1)aa when they were less than three years and 
one day old; a. fr.— 3) inferior. Tanh. T'rum. 7 ruBn3 
dbtta 'B Xinil) . . . 1SJ3 'copper' (Ex. XXV, 3) corresponding 
to the Greek (Syrian) empire, which was the meanest, of 
all of them ; a. fr. 

flip©, Tosef. Kel. B. Bath. VII, 3, v. mis. 

145* 



srtiriB 



1152 



dub 



sSiTlnD m. (nhB; cmp.hhB h. 3) broken ware. Pesik. 
'Asser, p. 95 b -[Wai STTfflhB }a out of the rubbish of thy 
house, v. NnWb; [prob. to be read: hihlhb]. 

} nD pahaz, a mnemonical word, for IDXIh rtsniB, 
V11hi6 Sip niirij and hBOh rs^pi. M.Kat. 24 a , v. Gen. 
B. s. 100. 

ynS (b. h.) [to be blown up,] to swell, rise; to be 
haughty, elated, heedless. Ned. 9 b iisi "k~$ 'S my evil in- 
clination rose within me (in pride of my beauty) ; Sifre 
Num. 22 ib> "<& / B. Tanh.Vayhi9; Gen.B. s. 98; s. 99 
(ref. to iris, Gen.XLIX, 4) mi ttSBh PrtHB thou wast 

t: - T 

overweening, didst sin, didst fornicate. 

JnS, jinS m. (preced.; cmp. S'raiyoiK as expl. of 
pil; v. Jud. IX, 4) heedless person, dancer, jumper. — PI. 
S^fia. 'Jl'MB. Yalk. Gen. 157 (ref. to HIS, Gen. XLIX, 4) 
d^SiBpoh 'Sb hhali thou becamest like the dancers that 
jump; Gen. E. s. 98 [read:] s'jrVp'lIB liantBJffl '&3 n^BSi 
'31 ^ai di»3 thou becamest like acrobats whose legs 
are broken (by falling); [nTQ3 belonging to the succeed- 
ing sentence as text word]. 

)nS m. (b.h.; preced. wds.) recklessness, overweening. 
Pesik. iikha, p. i2i b nisi mai nnibiua hirns ran ins 

'31 hlhBa flnlS one saw her in her happiness, one in her 
recklessness (sin), and one in her disgrace. lb. htn h'TO'i 
fjnsa fn\t< Isaiah saw them (Israel) in their wantonness 
(ref. to Is. I, 21). Y. Succ. V, 55 b bot. (in Chald. diet.), 
V. 12)13.- 

rfijr© f. same. Lam. E. beg. hhllh&a; bWlthBa; v. 
preced. 

nnS to have holes in one's garments; to be clad in 
rags, be exposed. Part. nrfl'S. Meg. IV, 6 (24 a ); Tosef. ib. 
IV (III), 27 '31 &11B 'S one whose limbs are exposed may 
recite the Sh'm'a (v. bIB) &c. Meg. 24 b "S )Xip a minor 
who is poorly dressed. Treat. Sof 'rim XIV, 1 5 ErWiJil' 'S 
'31 TO13 a poheah is he whose knees are exposed, whose 
garments are torn, or whose head is uncovered. 

HhS m.=h. hhlB (v. preced.). Targ,Is.XX,2, sq. (ed. 
Wil., nTiB, ppns; h. text WIS). — PI. friha. Ib.4 (ed. 

wu. T^nina). 

NnrlS m. (preced.) nakedness, poverty. Arakh. 19 a 
Var. in Eashi, v. KhB. 

"nB m. (hhS, cmp. his) blowing out, expiration; "s 
J15B1 (cmp. hsa) despair, disappointment Sabb.i27 b -|bh 
'5 ta Vttb went home in despair. E. Hash. II, 6 KblD 113 
'5 'Ba 1SS1 that they (the witnesses) might not leave in 
disappointment (and be discouraged from coming again); 
a.fr.— [Levy Talm. Diet, reads ihB, as constr. pi. of hBHI.] 

"nD, sSnD (cmp. ins, ^SS) to open the mouth, v. next 
w.— [Targ. Prov. XVIIL2 VlB ed. Wil., v. ihB. Ib.VIII, 11 
some ed., v. dins.]— [Ned.51 a X1B13 h"«hB Ar,, read.n^Bn 



he covered it with pitch.] — [Y. Snh. II, 20 b top 'phBX 
"p^aa, read: yiniBX, v. his.] 

1ST"© f. (preced.) cackling hen. Bets. 7 a , v. awa. 

- >. T — • : t : 

UTjD m. (bhB to paint, Syr. to compare, cmp. ]Q a. 
)W) equal. Targ. Prov. Ill, 15. lb. VIII, 11 (Ms. dWS, 
some ed. incorr. ihB). 

sSZj'nD f. (preced.) something equal, appropriate 
answer. Targ. II Bsth. Ill, 3 (ed. Amst. "vaTis). 

rnflB m. pit, v. una ch. 

T\T® m., ^r^flB f.=h. MhB, 1) less. Snh. 97 b ; Succ. 
45 b '31 8aVs 'B Nb (ed. nihS) the world has never less than 
thirty-six righteous men worthy to face the Shekhinah, 
in every generation.— 2) defective, broken. Lam. B. to 
III, 16 after having eaten all his food '31 'B hS in a'bi he 
took a broken loaf and put ashes on it. Ib. to 1, 1 (^hai) 
'31 K31&6VB yihSa Sin one of them (beds) was broken 
and leaning against another bed; a.e. — 3) mean, wretched. 
Cant. E. to II, 5 [read:] '3 Klhb . . ..isa tlfttl and thou 
wouldst forsake thy God and bow to his wretched (idol) ? 

T^T^\^t(yTfs)carving, digging out. Bets. 32 a li nn^na 
'31 the mere carving out of a lump of clay for the 
purpose of using it as a candlestick makes it a vessel. 

5hS pr. n. pi. P'hal (Pella). Y. Shebi. VI, 36 c bot, 
v. Kttan. 

"J" 1 X© or "j* 1 JT\ S m. pi. (bn&, cmp. 'pins a. Syr. NbhS 
testiculus, P.Sm. 3081) ball, bale; b^aj bffl 'B a bale, made 
of a net of ropes with wide meshes, containing the freight 
Of camels. Kel. XXIV, 9 pbhlS (corr. ace). Tosef. ib. B. 
Mets.VI,6'31 ■)«1BStt>... : 'a btt) 'Bill ^brt a basket or a bale ... 
the iheshes of which had originally been made narrow 
enough to hold pomegranates. Y. Shebu. Ill, 34 d (Chald. 
diet.) '31 ybw l^aSI 'S 'jiniiN they brought bales and 
stuffed them with straw; Y. Ned. Ill, beg. 37 d bot. fins 
(corr. ace.).— Yalk. Num. 762 'jrtlB (prob. to be read: 

fl=m&). 

DFlB (denom. of bins) to be black, v. infra. 

Pi. btTB to blacken. Y.Maas. Sh.V,heg. 55 d ; Tosef. ib. 
V, 13^^83 mix yanjaa t"S mi the site of an idolatrous 
temple is marked by blackening it (its debris) with coal. 
Y. Pes. VI, 33 a bot. • [read :] ij« "p bhsai SiSBai . . . ha 
IS 1111 as a kettle (thrown at a person) scalds and wounds 
and blackens, so will I come down at him; a. e.— Part, 
pass. bhisa; f. naniBa; pi. b'ranftB.ai'yi&httra'; m'aniBa. 
Gen. E. s. 36, v. 133; Y. Taan. I, end,'64 d 'Sa ssi dtt Ham 
came out (of the ark) black. Y. Sot. II, 17 d bot. 'Baa Kb 
not in a sooty vessel. Cant.E. to I, 6 'sa hill her hands 
were blackened. Ib. 'Sa *]bl31U ns thou (negress) who 
art black all over; a. e. 

Nif. bhB3, Hithpa. bnann, Nithpa. bnBro to be black- 
ened. Yalk. Num. 764 ; Yaik. Cant. 982 IBaiba 'BJ became 
black through exposure to the sun, v, d313. Gen, E. s. 18 



tans 



1;153 



mrs 



fflaiun isaa d^lfisn iss toners the faces, of the (Jewish) 
■women had become black &c. Ib.s.l9,beg. ... *|M)!)B *>b'33 
'31 XSa^p ywntina (a scholar's reputation is) like the fine 
linen clothes from Bethshan, if they are in the least 
stained, they are mined; Koh. E. to 1, 18 '31 lansro dx. 
lb. -lana dX (Kal). Deut. E. s. 1 rt-ili lan&nsi and her 
hands were soiled with soot; dnsha . . . nnspa dx if she 
wipes her hands on the wall, the wall will be soiled; a.fr. 

dns>, v. dTia. 

DtlB, DfTS m. (b. h.; nsS or niB) that which is used 
for kindling, charcoal. Sabb. II, 5 'B niBIS XiniD iSBa 
because (by extinguishing the light) he makes kindling 
material, i. e. prepares the wick for easier lighting (v. anan). 
lb. 31 b . Koh. E. to IX, 8 tenth M&5 the smith (the charcoal- 
burner) turns to his coal. lb. to VII, 1; Talk. Josh. 35, 
v. data; a. iv.—Pl. "pane, ">& Tosef. Maas. Sh.V, 13; 
Y.ibIv,beg.55 d ,v.drjB. tosef.'Bets. 111,14 '31'3 ynBW pX 
you must not make charcoal (prepare kindling material) 
even for immediate use (on the Holy Day). Mikv. IX, 2 
'31 'S3 . . . biaa" 1 ah one must not immerse a kettle with 
remnants of coal in it (which had been put there to be 
extinguished in water), unless one washes it again, Maim. ; 
[oth. opin.: with the soot on it, but he must scrape it 
off]. Koh. E. to 1, 8 nxba . . . harm rem. bsi ttWi . . . lab 
'S go ye and pray for this man (me), arid for this bag 
formerly filled with precious stones and pearls, and now 
with pieces of coal; a. e. 

"DnD m. (preced.) charcoal-burner, also smith. Ber. 
28 a , v. "OS; (Y. ib.IV,7 d top 'puna VS9 making needles). 

DljS (cmp. MiB) [to drive into,'] 1) to hatter, beat out 
of shape. Ab. Zar. IV, 5 nidTI xbtB B"SX SdriS if he 
smashed the face of the idol, although he did not lessen 
its substance. lb. 42 a . Lev. E. s. 7, beg. blilS Vinx triftVJ 
dn^SBa ibnisi bSIlp (not bSaip) Aaron took a hammer 
and smashed it (the golden calf) in their presence; Yalk. 
ib. 479 Wat . . . n"3pn i-fTO (corr. ace); Talk. Prpv. 
946 inniBl bpSan nx . . . tf'apri (corr. ace, or ■ilini'Sl); 
a. e.— 2) (of liquids) to dash into, to cause commotion, stir 
up. Ab. Zar. 72 b wmbs intna his bowl, which was filled 
to the brim through a syphon, pressed the wine back 
into the tube and thus stirred the whole mass up; ib. 56 b 
(I may also say) l"iia inbnB the vat into which the net 
(iSKlalJ) was thrown set the wine in commotion. — Chald. 

v. sins'. 

~ir©, iOnS m. ("ins to hollow out, scrape)=tpn II, 
1) clay; til "|Xa, 'B fa an earthen vessel. Targ. IChr. 
XIV, 11. Targ. Y. Ex. XII, 22 (not XI . . .). Targ. Y. Lev. 
XIV, 50 (not nnSi) ; a. fr.— 2) a fragment of a clay vessel, 
potsherd. Targ. Job II, 8. Targ. Ps. XXII, 16; a. e. 

^tHB|!$nn&ni.(preced.).pp«er. Targ.Is.XXIX,l6. 
Ib. XXX, 14 (not Sana) ; a. e. 

1CnB=h.bnB. Part, pass, ^ns flat-nosed. Targ. Y. 
Lev. XXI, 18 Ar. (ed. rTraaina ">p> ; h. text din).— Gen. B. 



s.53 niV^ns XSX ... ps if r P ut m y finger on him, I 
smash him; Yalk. Deut. 810 ffW X3X "HS.. 

ritlS 1) to hollow out, dig. Bets.IV,4(32 a )yw>'is px 
"iSn fix (Mish. 'pnsVB, corr. ace.) you must not hollow out 
a lump of clay to make it a candlestick (on the Holy 
Day). Ib. 3 nbhrob ntTB he may start to dig out (take 
out closely packed fruit), v. infra. Mikv. IV, 5 ninna 
they hollowed it out (widened the aperture in the rock 
through which the water came forth) ; Y. Yeb. I, end, 3 11 
(Bab. ib. 15 a rVOmrl). Mikv. 1. c. nail hinBiffl IS (ed. 
Dehr. a. Mish. ed. SRinS^tt) IS) until the larger portion of 
the aperture is chiselled out; Y. Yeb. I.e. nail P.X ninsiffl; 
Bab. ib. I.e. nailS nnsipUB; a. e.— 2) to diminish, lessen, 
decrease, opp. Spbin. Mekh.Yithro, Bahod.,s.2 hinati xbffl 
tpblfl xbl from which you must not diminish, and to 
which you must not add. Sabb. 21 b -jbini finis one kindles 
one light less every night. Meg. IV, 1, sq. '31 yfinia pX 
we call up no less (than the number named) nor more. 

Y. Yeb. IV, 6 a bot. '31 nnma wx nnnis (n) nnian 

a sheass, if short (whose period of pregnance is the 
shortest possible) gives birth not earlier than a lunar 
year from conception, if long, not later than a solar year; 
Y. Nidd. 1, 49 b top. Pes. X, 1 '31 -S3"iXB lb inn^ xbl and 
they must give him (the poor man) no less than four 
cupfuls of wine. B. Kam. 85 b EToia innnian nam (not 
'nan) if the idleness enforced by being wounded has also 
the effect of lessening his value (if he were to be sold 
as a slave). Shek. V, 4 lb inns inns dX Y. ed. (differ, in 
Mishn. ed.) if money is missing, the loss is his. Tanh. 
E'eh 10 '31 XV5 nnnai STUDS Xin 'a he gave ten measures 
less as tithe, and it (the field) yielded one hundred less; 
Yalk. Deut. 892; a. v. fr.— [Tanh. 1. c. nna ia, v. next w.]— 

v. nma. 

Pi. tifpB same, 1) to diminish, lessen. Ter. IV, 4 '^B 
'31 nilDS (Y. ed. nns) if he set aside as T'rumah ten 
fractions less (than l/so, i.e. ! /60), or ten fractions more 
(i. e. 1 ji0), Maim.; [E. S. if he reduced the divisor by ten 
(i. e. set aside l/iO), or increased the divisor by ten (i. e. 
set aside l J60); Y. ib. 42 d bot. nifflSa inx Milan.— 2) to 
be diminished, lose. Lev. E. s. 2 '31 "niaa "ifi dibs has my 
glory or my majesty lost anything &c? 

Jfi/lnnas \)to be hollowed out, broken through. Yeb.l5 a 
nnBiMB, v. supra. Hull. 45 a nVi3 nnna? if a piece of the 
Windpipe is broken through in the shape of a door (split 
on three sides and attached by the fourth side). Bets.IV, 3 
'SI . . . fVS a room which was packed with fruits and 
closed up (with bricks), and which was burst open (the 
bricks giving way to the pressure), v. supra.— 2) to be 
reduced in size, numbers &c; to be lowered. Succ. 18 a n^a 
'3U5 a building which has been reduced (the walls of which 
have given way partly). Sot. 5 a bot. "> EfiDab . . . dIX bs 
every man in Whom there is haughtiness, will finally be 
lowered; a. e. 

Hif. n^nan 1) to lessen, wear out, damage. Y.B. Mets. 
II, 8 d top inViaatt) iJSa ... niU'ns iba if one found copper 
vessels (keeping them until the owner be found), he may 
use them for hot water, hut not over fire, because he 
wears them out; (Bab. ib. 30 a jpinttJaffi);- a. e.— 2) (deriom. 



nns 



1154 



IBS 



of Wins) to become less, be damaged. Sueo. is 1 ' jBII fi 
iSSaK if the middle wall (of a Suooah) became reduced 
(fell in, v. supra) ; a. e. 

nnS ch. same, 1) to diminish. Pes. 114 a ^bsiaa nina 
'SI diminish from (spend less for) thy eating and drink- 
ing, and add to thy dwelling.— Part. pass. rVPlS. Targ. 
Ps.XIX,3 (Var. ed. Lag. a. ed. rpflS)).— V. hTiB.— 2) io 
become defective, be broken. Y. Dem. I, 22 a ilalp K"i1FB 'S 
(prob. to be read: Fins' 1 !*) the table before him broke 
down. 

Ithpe. nnaniK, nnaiK, mnBiK 1) to become defective, 
be broken, damaged. Y. M. Kat. 1, 80 b bot., v. KniiK. Keth. 
62 a '31 K33 ia TsiK the floor of the bath-house under him 
gave way. lb. '31 KS"ft KnTBiK the ladder under him 
broke down; a. e. — 2) to grow less. Yalk. Deut. 892 'iK 
KiliS libs nW rtttt) la niffi nib (notnb) his crop grew less 
from year to year ; time changed for him (nature changed 
on his account); Tanh. E'eh 10 '51 nnS ia (corr, ace). 

nnDc. (b. h.; preced. wds.) 1) cavity, pit. — PI. Binns, 
■jinns. Sot. 21 a '31 'Sfl lal -piSlpn ya X-lnna is afraid of 
the thorns, the pits and the thistles (on the road) ; a. e. — 

2) defective spot, breach. Bets. IV, 3 '&n aipaa baii he 
may take out the fruits where they burst through the 
partition. — 3) broken vessel, fragment. — PL as ab. Tosef. 
Kel.B. Kam.VII, 15 'Bn iVllB the sides of fragments of 
vessels (v. yna). — 4) diminution, depreciation, loss. Y. 
Ter. IV, 42 d bot. y*W} nSOinni 'Bn yKffl for the reduction 
and the addition are not of like proportions, i. e. the 
difference between 1/40 and 1/so is not the same as that 
between 1/50 and i /&0 (v. tins Pi.). B. Kam. 10 b nbas 'Sb 
for the eventual depreciation of the carcass during the 
time intervening between the accident and the decision 
of the court. lb. Kin ifc«n nbaa 'S there is a difference 
of opinion among Tannaim as regards the liability for 
the depreciation of the carcass. Y. ib. 1, 2 b bot. bbffii 
Wins he must indemnify the owner for its depreciation, 
i. e. he must pay the difference between the value of the 
living and that of the dead animal. Esth. E. to III, 8-"Jrttt5 
dblS bill ISlaaa '& 'jibiJDa they (through their idleness) 
cause a diminution of the wealth of the world ; a. e. 

fit"©* ^rillDlch.same, l)cavity,pit. Targ. Jer.XVIII, 
20; 22 (ed.Lag.a'. oth. nin&J.-P^ifiriB. Targ.O.Lev.XIV,37 
ed. Berl. (oth. ed. "ihriB ; h. text mTOpffil).— 2) depreciation, 
decrease, loss. B. Mets. 70 a '& bipffll KIHK bipIB he charged a 
compensation for the use of the vessel, and an indemnity 
for the loss (by wear and tear). Ib. 'S iKl 'B Kb K15K iK 
K15K Kb if you take payment for the use of the vessel, you 
must not charge for wear and tear &c. Y. Ned. IX, end, 
41 c na nnna Kfiln let a decrease come over it (may his 
wealth bereduced). Koh.B.toXI,9'8b biliKgotoruin!— 

3) (trnsf.) degraded person. Gen.E.s.36(ref.toGen.IX,18 
■j5>S3 i3K) 'B^i H3K the father of the degraded. Ib. s. 99 
(ref. to Gen. XLIX, 5) '31 'SI OftX 'brothers' of the degraded 
(Dinah, with ref. to Gen. XXXIV, 25) .. ., but no brothers 
to Joseph. 

S*nr©II f. breath, v.xrrtBl. 



ftST©) v.Knriai. 

n rinB m. pi. (v. nnB) noblemen. Sabb.3 b ; Ber. 13 b , 
a.fr. 'B 13 (B.Hiya addressing Bab) son of great ancestors 
(Var. in Ar. irlKB; Y. Bets, IV, 62 c MriiB p). 

l^flfiB testicles, v. ynnB. 

iX\2&, '£ ~fi pr. n. BarPatta, name of a family. Y. 
M. Kat. Ill, 8 l d bot. 

(TITOS m. (b. h.) pitdah, name of a jewel in the high 
priest's breast-plate. Ex. B. s. 38, end. Num. B. s. 2. 

rfhpiQS f. pi. (='nB*iBB; v.iaB) stems of figs. Ab. 
Zar. I, 5 (13 b ) '•jriihilaiaBI rflUJ MM (Y. ed. 'B3; Bab. ed. 
M1B1BS1, v. Babb. D. S. a. 1. note 300) white figs on their 
stems; ib. 14 a . 

fcT^t®, V. K^BB. 

d^s,^ar^s,v.sub'Bi B . 

fctDTDS, v. Kaaisl. 

r : t : • 

rraiiss or riaiiDB, v . n^. 
. n^rri^v.iBB. 

"1TE3D m. (*iBB) discharge, eaxmption, opp. SW. Sabb. 
2 b , v. aw Y.Peahll, beg. 16 d ln»iB 'S3 ... lal rial and 
what B. Johanan said was meant in reference to being 
exempt from Peah. Y. Hall. Ill, 59 a v. Vt>ti. Cant. B. to 
IV, 4 aiiflb 'B "jia between exemption and conviction ; a. fr. 

SlliaS ch. same. — Pi. i^ilBB. Sabb. 2 b ; Shebu. 5 a 
'B1 iaiTl the oases of conviction and those of exemption 
(from punishment); a. e. 

nys&, "nits©, "p-fites, «hbb, v. SU b -bib, 

!ST3lEBf.(aBB a)to break; 6)cmp.bba, to talk; v.BBBB) 
talkative, flippant. Lev. B. s. 32 (play on MiabttJ, Lev. 
XXIV, 11) '31 *|b dbtt) Kabffla 'S innm she was flippant 
(pert) in greeting men, 'peace to thee, peace to you' ; Yalk. 
ib. 657 S-lBBBB. 

jmalSlB f. h. same, gossip.— PI. M'bbb. Deut. E. s. 6 
(v. ms'ia 1 ?). 

&<D"''G'D5,lnD"l^t39m.(= , lB1BB,withformative3) 

t' : - t : r ! - t : v 

[the discharger,] rectum. Lev. B. s. 3 Kiab 'Sal and from 
the rectum it is discharged; Koh. B. to VII, 19 K311BBa1 
Knptsb, v. KpW II; Yalk. ib. 976 K3"lBiB. 

"'IQS, Pa. iBB (omp.'SSB, "iBB) 1) to break, burst. Targ. 
Y. II Gen. XLIX, 22 maB (Y. I main).— 2) to relieve. Sabb. 
140 b '31 nib KiBSal when it will relieve him (from buying 
a new shirt) for a whole year (v. Bashi a. 1.; Ms. O. "O 
Kiaaol isifi, v. Babb. D. S. a.l. note 50). 



©ifcB- 



1155 



K^tte- 



T£Pl£&m.(v.XyQB) babbler. Arakh.l6 b fiffiWa fiffi>15> Klfi 
'B p"ip . . . 'B he (the leper) does the work of a babbler 
(speaks evil of men), therefore the Torah said, let him 
offer a babbler (a chirping bird) as a sacrifice ; Talk. Lev. 
559. Gen. E. s. 93 '31 'S "pn83 ,tt)i rins 'S1U . . . "OK I see, 
thou ( Jadah) art the talker ; is there among thy brothers 
a talker like thee?; Tanh. Vayigg. 5 -'B firW . . . fiXVi flX 

I see in my cup that there are older men among thy 
brothers, and yet thou art the talker? — T. I^sn. 

JTPIGD, Talk. Jon. 550 'B last, read: WS'w&SiK, v. 
niiaiBa:*. 

fT^HS, Y. Snb.X, 27 d top B*Oba bffl 'S3, read : ^BB^SQ. 

D'fr'QD, v. •pbiTMB. 

*P^^S, )"P^UB m., "pV^B f. (a denom. of 
iraxsXXa, patella, otherwise not recorded) a dish, course. 
Lam. E. to III, X6 'SI TPia fiSO 'S a course that you offer 
us once, you must not offer again. lb. fiS 111 'B bsa .bsx 
(Ar. t)S) he ate of every course a piece.; lb. ipibiBS. Xina 
XrYViB Kin ... of each dish you took one little piece. Gen. 
B. s. 74 fiib 3i&5 Nlfi 3a 'JlpbiBB Ar. ed. Koh. (ed. pbpiBB) 
when we had a good dish, he (Laban) took it; Yalk.ib. 
130 yp^as.—Ply^yiOB. Lam. E.1.C (Ar. ■pbirW). 

QIQfJ, Togef . Keth.IX,2 'B IBU) ed.Zuck., v. e^abia.— 
Talk. Deut. 944 'Bfi la, v. OWB. 

D" 1 ^, ^D^taS I m. (daB) 1) M fattened, stout; 
(noun) fatting. Targ. Jud. Ill, 17 (h. text «i"i3). Targ. 

II Sam. VI, 13. Targ. I Sam. XXVIII, 24 ; a. ir.—Pl. 'ptf'BB, 
K^BS. Targ. IKings V, 3 'B 60*1S (ed. Lag. sing.). Targ. 
Ez.XLV,15 Kimhi (ed. Lag. XaiBB ; ed.Wil. KaBB) ; a.fr.— 
Y. Peah 1, 15 c bot. 'B 'pblSS'in fattened chickens; Y. Kidd. 
1, 61 b laiaa (fern.). Y.Meg.rv,74 d bot. , pifi 153(1) 'B ltna 
ordered a translator (of '31 biinil, Lev. 1, 14) who read 
'fatlings and young doves' to take it back (and correct); 
a. e.— Fern. KaiBB, KI-raiBB. Targ. I Chr. IV, 40; a. e. — 
Lam.B. to 1,1 Cray's sblMin a fattened hen; a. e.— 
PI. laiBS., xnaiBB. Targ. 0. Gen. XLI, 2 (Y. 'EB). lb. 5 ; 
a. fr. — Y. Kidd. 1. c, v. supra. — 2) perfumed. Esth. E. to 
I, 3 (in Hebr. diction) t fiVtlp *V fiXSi Kb tiatti did you 
perhaps fail to provide perfumed (good) oil for the lamps?, 
opp. tPBpS. 

JSEPIS© II f. (v. baa) extension, length— PI. I^bb, 
Targ. II Esth. Ill, 8 (corresp. to trt3n, II Sam. VIII, 2). 

^D" 1 ^ III pr. n. f. Paftima (Fatima), name of 
Ishmael's second wife. Targ, Y. Gen, XXI, 21 ; v. Kl^iS. 

0^|25 f.=b,BWV3, wine jar. Lain.E. to 111,16 tonal 
'31 'B and of each jar you drank One cup. 

bO^B, v. tXD&B. 

."pbptas, v. p^bb, - 



"rose, sTiias m, xrvw, v&nisB t <y») 

[free from admixture,] 1) pure, plain, clear. Targ. Ez. 
XIII, 10, sq. "pn j6t 'B pa (h. text b&n).— Gitt. 86 a , v. 
ty\ti.—2)unleavened;unleavened bread. Targ.Ex.XXIX,2. 
lb. XII, 8. lb. 15. Targ. Lev. VIII, 26; a. fr.— PL f I^BB, 
DtpiBB, "niBB; T^BB, MTJiBB. Ib.Targ.O.Ex.Xn,17 Ms. 
(ed. 811BB ; Y. "^BB). lb' XXIX, 2 ; a. f r — Y. Meg. IV, 74 d 
bot., v. S5p T i-i^; Y. Bice. Ill, end, 65 d . 

PTTlDSf. (IBB) departure, dismissal. Bets.l5 b nsil)3 
1fi , i" | BB when he dismissed them. — Esp. departure from 
the world, death. Y. Keth.XII,beg.34 d ; Y. Kil. IX,32 a bot. 
'31 imiBB DSB3 . . . fiiablD Eabbi ordained three things 
when he departed this world. Deut. E. s. 11 (ref. to Mic. 
VII, 8) '31 fitDa btt) imia&a ifibSi is though I fell when 
Moses died, I arose again under Joshua's administration. 
Ab. VI '31 b*lK bffil ini^BB nSU)3 when man leaves this 
world, neither silver nor gold nor jewels escort him 
&c; a.fr. 

■jipnTas, }yi"ra&, T . ^bb. 
&tPr" , 'E©» v. i->bb. 

StfrP'DS f. (IBB) belonging to a first-born animal. 
Gitt. 69% v. Sttis. 

iD" 1 IE© m. (b. h. ; HJBB to shatter, crush) hammer. Kel. 
XXIX, 7 'Bfi p *fi the handle of a small hammer; 'Bfi bffi> 
of the sledge-hammer. Maas. Sh. V, 15; M. Kat. ll a , a. e. 
bblDTPS fi3a 'B fiifi TTQi IS up to his day the striking of 
the hammer was heard in Jerusalem (during the festive 
week). Cant.B.toV, 14, a.e. 'Bfi pbfi3 the sledge-hammer 
(striking on the sapphire) was shivered to pieces. Snh. 
34 a ; Sabb. 88 b , v. fia^ ; a. fr. — lb. VII, 2 'S3 fisafi he 
who gives the finishing stroke with the hammer; ib. 75 b 
'B3 fi3a bitaa aifi fi3xba las fro nisi "ma bs any 
act of finishing up a work comes under the category of 
striking with the hammer; a. fr. — Trnsf. great character. 
Ber. 28 b ptfifi 'B ... bailC 15 thou light of Israel, right- 
hand pillar, powerful hammer I 

t^ISS, &tt£pi3&, '12© m,0OBB, v.preced.; cmp. )W? 
a. WirO) [linen,] undergarment, breeches. Lam. E. to 1, 1 
va-\ (wabna .in) 'b ibsi3 fiifi «bi...'nfi(Ar.«JH»)l-saw 
in my dream that I had no breeches on my legs. — PL 
■ptJIBB, 'IBB, '1UBB. Dan. Ill, 21, V. ^pISS. . 

JtfEjPfflS * m . = h. ttJ-ijsQ. i arg , is. XLI, 7. Targ. Jer. 

xxiilV. ~ 

"tOS m. (boB to break, peel, cmp. BBB, a. bSB) apiece, 
a bite. Y.Dem. I, 22 a top 'SI 'B 1ri3iS . . . tvb would you 
not care to eat a little bite with us to-day?; Y. Taan. 
Ill, 66 c top "!fi32 'B. 

fcOblQS, n"ODQ, 'b^Sl f. (baB, v. preced.) wicker* 
work, esp. a sort of bale for packing dates, figs &c. Tosef. 
Sabb. XIJ (XIII), 15 'SI snpa.rvnJTtt btt? 'S you may cut 
opeii a bale of figs (on the Sabbath) and eat; Y.ib.XVt 



piVos 



1156 



DIBtSf 



beg. 15 a sfrnViBB. Kel. XVI, 5S"rbBB ed. Dehr. (ed. filiate) . 
Y. Maas. Sh. I, 52 d dnah. bin 'fcf'iblBB a bale of dates, 
contrad. fr. bnih; a. e.— PL niKjbaB. Tosef. ib.1, 10 'S 
man Iffl mown ed. Zuck. (ed. omit 'B) dates packed in 
bales, and date pomaces. 

1" n 3!2S, Targ. Lam. IV, 1 Levita, v. *jibBiB. 

■j^biaB, v. p^bb. 

UUy (cmp. bas, a. 1BBB s. v. ttJ">BB) 1) to crush, pound, 
v. infra. — 2) to expand, make large, fatten. — Part. pass. 
DIBS; f. halBS; pi. DWlSB, falBB; nialBS. Keth. 67 b 
'B rtl55"in a fat chicken. X. Kidd. I, 61 b malaB crammed 
birds ; X. Peah 1, 15 c bot. X'lamd. to Gen. XXXVII quot. 
in Ar., v. hai&IBit); a. e. 

Pi. db^b 1) to pound spices; to manufacture perfumed 
oil; to compound incense. X. Succ. V, 55 c bot. xbi STOpm 
'31 fiaaBa titbit they mended the mortar, but it did 
not mix the drugs as well as before; Arakh. 10 b . Ker. 
1, 1 laiBh fix dBBah he that manufactures perfumed oil 
(in the same manner as prescribed for the Temple, Ex. 
XXX, 23 sq.) ; JWBph MS 'Bart who mixes incense (as 
prescribed ib. 34 sq.). X. Xoma IV, 41 d bot. b^Sn haa^S 
if he compounded it by taking only parts of the quantities 
prescribed; Ker. 5 a 'psrfi dBBa, v. "ftth. Ib. PiaBBffl map 
'31 incense which one compounded in reduced quantities ; 
'21 iaBBffl laiB oil which one manufactured &c. Sifre 
Deut.306 drllX d^aaBai .. . di3i3"i ha as the rains coming 
down on plants . . . perfume them; *i"Qla DBBa ilh "3 
'31 him so pound thou the words of the Law, once 
and a second, and a third, and a fourth time &c; Xalk, 
ib. 942; a. fr.— Part. pass. dBIBa; f. haBIBa; pi. d^aBl&a; 
■pai^Sa; hiaBISa. Cant.B. to VIII, 2 (ref. to nplh V", ib.) 
hp13 rivwoaa 'Baa Tiabnh hi that is the Talmud which is 
mixed with Mishnayoth like an apothecary's preparation. 
— 2) to fatten, cram. Gen. B. s. 86 (play on isiaiB) TPTlili 
T"5>b d^bjS dBBa he fattened calves (dWB) for idolatrous 
purposes. Snh. 82 b '31 1)08 138 dBi&lB hT iBIB p drVK-l 
do you see that son of Puti (= Putiel) whose grandfather 
(Xethro) fattened calves &c.?; B.Bath. 109 b ; Sot. 43 a (v. 
iBIB a. bi^BlB). Esth. B. to III, 1 (ref. to &WJ IptD, Ps. 
XXXVII, 20) 'like the heavy lambs', '31 mix y>aBBa T4W8 
which are fattened not for their own benefit but for 
slaughter; a.fr. — Part. pass, as ab. Pesik. B. s. 16 (expl. 
EWQ, I Kings V, 3) 'Ba (not 'BX) fattened, opp. hSlah )S ; 
Xalk. Kings 176. Buth B. to II, 14 'Ba nibas fattened 
calves; a.fr. „ 

."■■ Nif. da&a" to be fattened. Gen. B. s. 32 ISDhb da hal 
'31 dBBhb ... if to be locked up . . . the beasts came of 
their own accord, how much more will they come to 
fatten on the flesh of the mighty (Ez. XXXIX, 4) ; Xalk. 
Ez. 380. 

Du£> ch., Pa. dBS same, 1) to pound, mix spices. 
Targ. X. Ex. XXX, 25; 35 dBBa Ar. (ed. v. »a; ; h. text 
hpi).^2) to fatten— Part. pass. dBBa; pi. "paBBa,' ">HBBa. 
Targ. Is. XXX, 24 (Kimhi diBB). Targ. Prov.' XV,-17.— : 
Pes. 76 b Wlha laBBa they are fattened (or flavored) 
with one another. — 3) to flavor one's words (cmp. d&a), to 



console, cheer up. B. Mets. 66 a ttlh NabS3 ">bia' lalBB it 
was merely meant to cheer up (the neighbor, not as a 
binding promise). 



DD-S, pi. diaas, •paae, v. bia^s. 



DISS m. (preced. wds.). 1) druggist, apothecary. — PI. 
mxa£, y>aB&. X. Xoma IV, 41 d bot. bblffmMJ' 'Bh the 
druggists of Jerusalem. X. Sot. VIII, 22 c top 'BhB "pis 
•plU15 as the apothecaries are in the habit of doing. Gen. 
B. s. 16; Xalk. ib. 21, v. hbna; a. e.— 2) one who fattens 
animals for sale, dealer in fattened animals, opp. to hSll. 
Bets. 29 b ; Tosef. ib. Ill, 6 '31 'Sh bSX . . . "(bin a person 
may go (on the Holy Day) to a dealer whose regular 
customer he is, and say, give me a dove &c. Bets. 38 a 
'B blB "TO15 an ox at the dealer's stall, contrad. to hSVl bll). 
Pesik. Bahod., p. 104 b malBB . . . 'Bh bx.St he took her to 
the crammer, and filled her lap with crammed birds; 
Xalk. Ex. 273; a. e.— PI. as ab. Erub. X, 9 (101 a ) bin pill) 
'B the crammers' market. Tosef. Shebi.V, 8 ; a. e. — 3) (sub. 
bit) -m) mast-ox. Sabb. XX, 4; X. ib. 17 c bot., v. WI. 

!tf DI25, v. Kaaia. 

t : • t t • 

fctrrOpD f. (supposed to mean) fattened (fr. ')BB = 
dBB); v., however, StVOBa. 

1215129, IQ^S m. (BBS, cmp. UPS) [something minute, 
tender,] one of the clay pins forming a sort of tripod for 
the support of a pot, peg. Sabb. VIII, 4 'B hltUSb ns a 
quantity of clay large enough for a peg. — [Xalk. Num. 
785 iYTISa b© BIB the peg for a candlestick v., however, 
quot. fr. Sifre Zutta in B. S. to Kel. XI, 2.]— KdiBlSBB, 
"pCflBBB, "*B, CpBBBB). Sabb. 102 b STVO IBIBBIB. hffllS "W 
'31 h3Bp a poor man makes pegs for a small stove to put 
on it a small pot (which is also called building). Kel. 
V, 11 'B hb hfflS if he made legs for the stove (so that it 
no longer rests immediately on the ground); Tosef. ib. B. 
Kam. IV, 20. Ib. V, 1 '31 pP5l2 'BBBB . . . hujbll) three pegs, 
three pins or three legs stuck in the ground and joined 
with clay to put a pot on them ; Kel. VI, 1. Tosef. 1. c. 7 
iBIBBB (read ■pa . . .). Ib. 8. Ib. 9 '31 STfO iBIBBB hS318 
four legs of a stove &c; a. e. 

t2SI2S, 'T2P& (v. preced., a. KBBB) 1) to talk, babble. 
Men. 65 a nails' BBBBa h^hlB Tt» pla yin except one old 
man who talked (childishly) against him. — 2) .VIS'S ^l 
to talk or argue with one's own passion, to conquer one's 
self. B. Bath. 109 b (play on bifBIB rV03, Ex. VI, 25) vm 
nS^S ^ffl t)&1ia Elazar was a descendant of Joseph, who 
(is surnamed Putiel, .because he) conquered his passion ; 
Ex. B. s.7, end dBiBtl) ....'VISAS' 'BIB SpV ... 1MB!* htiifllB. 
Ol his wife was a descendant of two families, being on 
one side of the tribe- of Joseph who conquered his passion, 
and on the other of the family of Jethro who fattened 
&.,.V. dBB; Sot.43 a . 

tQSliQS ch. same, to talk. Gen! B! s. 98 (ref. to Jud. 
XV, 16 a. 18) ih2£ BB,BBal he who talks gets. thirsty. 



tfpfittB 



1157 



"It* 



ME9t3S, v. xbbb. 



Si v. bibbs. 

^J5p&, v. XSB1B. 

"TE3S (b. h.) 1) to break through, open. Bekh.VIII, 1 (46 a ) 
(ref. to Ex. XIII, 2) ixiUJia tihl 11B&1UJ *6) (not nriB&iiB) 
provided they open the womb when the mother is an Israe- 
lite (although she conceived before her conversion); ib.47 a .— 
2)to send off, discharge,dismiss. Keth.Xin,5, a. fr. 0135 IS 
11BB IX (the betrothed has a right to say) either marry or 
release (me by divorce). Gitt. VI, 5 ttfo lax xb ... ffllss 
if one says to friends, 'release her' ... he has said nothing 
(they are not authorized to write a letter of divorce, as it 
might mean, release her of her debts &c.) ; ib. 65 b lalX fri "1 
whs las- k*j ninais ^np msi niiBB E. n. says, if he 
said pafflruha (Pi.), his words stand (a divorce is meant), 
but if he says pitruha (Kal) &c. Ib. "pa . . . nxbaai 'jro "l 
'31 nintsai miBiB R. N. who is a Babylonian, draws a 
distinction between pitruha and patfruha; our Tannai 
(in the Mishnah) being a Palestinian does not.&c. Ib. 
VIII, 4. 'jSJi B3,a . . . 1B1B a man may divorce his wife 
with an old letter of divorce (having been closeted with 
her after he had written it); Tosef. ib. VIII (VI), 3 IJiJS 
'31 "IBIS he must not divorce with an old letter, in order 
that the letter of divorce may not date farther back than 
(the conception of) her child; a. fr.— 3) to dismiss, give 
leave, let go. Sot. IX, 6 yita xba WiBBl and we let him 
(the stranger) go without provision. Midr. Till, to Ps. XCI 
"iB&sn IX loteh Vila ia which is the superior of the two? 
he who gives leave, or he who takes leave? Ib. (ref. to 
Gen. XXXII, 27) *;xba*> 1B1B ap»i iin behold, Jacob 
gives leave to the angel; a.fr.— 4) (law) to discharge, 
acquit; (ritual) to exempt from obligation, to declare free 
from punishment, eventually from sacrificial atonement, 
opp.mjri. Erub.65 a '31 11BB> i3X Jnsi I can (by my plea) 
release from judgment the whole world (all Israelites) 
from the destruction of the Temple to the present time, 
for we read (Is. LI, 21), Hear now this, thou afflicted and 
drunken &c. (a drunken person is irresponsible) ; ib. ixa 
rt>BH "pa ias niBBi ipVlSi this 'I can release' means also 
from responsibility for neglect of prayer (the drunken 
not being permitted to pray). Succ. 45 b . Sabb. II, 5 "1 
'=1 itoa "1B1B 101.1 B. J. declares (him that did it) free 
from punishment or eventual sacrifice in all those cases, 
except &c. Ker. IV, 2 IBIS SiBli-ji "1 R. J. absolves him 
from bringing a sin-offering, opp. hXBh anna. Snh.V, 5 
VTflBB Hist lb 1X2a OX if they found evidence in his favor, 
they (the court) acquitted him ; a. v. fr. — Trnsf. to cause 
exemption; to cover, include. Ber. VI, 5 nx 'B ..."pin \s "pa 
'31 "pin if he recited the blessing over wine before the meal, 
he has therewith exempted the wine offered after the 
meal (from an additional blessing). Ib. 7 IpWJ is> *psa 
n?BBn nx 1B1B1 he says the blessing over the chief dish, 
and with this he covers that which goes with it (v.nVSB). 
Yeb. 1, 1 -jninTiS tri-iBis . . . Ban fifteen women (of various 
kinship with the yabam, by which he is prevented from 
marrying any of them) cover their rivals (making them 
free from dependence on the yabam for marriage or 



discharge); a. fr.— Part. pass. TIBB; f. n'ltoB; pi. Di-ilBS, 
"p'niiBB ; nillBB (is, are) exempt, free, opp. ai*n. Peah I, 6 
'31 nfiltwan la.'Bi and he need not give the tithes, until &c. 
B.Mets.VIII, 1 'S (sub.diu^a) he is free from indemnity. 
Ib. VII, 10 rWtMBa 'B m-ni ... nana may have an agree- 
ment to be eventually exempt from making oath ; tnirb 
nitt&a 'B to be exempt from responsibility. Kidd. I, 7 
'STdifflJl . . . axn S>5> pn niSa is to all paternal duties 
men are bound, but women (mothers) are exempt from 
them. Yeb. I, 2 'S nnia "JS 'B mail) D1U3 as well as 
his (the yabam's) daughter is exempt (from the law of 
levirate marriage, because the yabam cannot marry her), 
so her rival is exempt; a. v. fr. 

Pi. iBiB to dismiss; to divorce. Gitt. 65 b , v. supra. 
Kidd. 31 b -iSSfiBB dismiss (escort) me; a. e. 

iV"i/'.':BBD,ffi%a.lBBnn l)to be exempted,freed. Bekh. 
II, 1 '=1 niiaa !|-|BB3 xi they (the Levites) have not been 
exempted from consecrating the firstborn of clean animals, 
but only from redeeming their firstborn sons and the first- 
born of asses; a. e.— 2) to be dismissed, take leave, depart. 
YomaI,5 bfb laini 11BB3 they took leave and went. Sot. 
IX, 5. Ber. 64 a '31 TPana '3n he who leaves his friend (after 
escorting him a distance) must not say, 'go in peace', but, 
'go to peace'; '31 nan "(a 'an he who takes leave of the dead 
(after burial) &c. Ib. 31 a ; Erub. 64 a '31 CalX IBBi t& one 
must not leave a friend otherwise than with a word of 
tradition (on legal or religious subjects), by which he 
may remember him; a. fr.— Esp. to depart this world, to 
die. Ber. 17 a bViSrt )is aiB nl»a '31 aiB 0253 ill who grew 
(lived) with a good name, and left the world with a good 
name. Tern. 16 a fTS )& VOI n»a '31B rWB53 when Moses 
our teacher was to depart for paradise. Gen.R.s.96 ; a.fr.— 
Talk. Koh. 989 '31 Oi-iBBna ... nsffla when the children 
are dismissed from school. 

Eif. liBBn 1) to discard; naiua 'n to discard with the 
lip, to spurn. Pesik.R. s.37 bninin&fflaDi'niBBal... , jipina 
gnashed their teeth ... and spurned with their lips (ref. 
toPs.XXII,8). Treat. Der.Er.ch.IinBIB nHBBa(='p'VBBa 
nsiaa). — 2) to dismiss, adjourn a meeting. Y. Ber. IV, 7 d 
top dsn Fix iBBn dismiss the people (adjourn the meeting). 
M.Kat.5 b , v.naa. Hull.51 a mi03a -liBSaone who dismisses 

t t ■ : - 

the assemblies, janitor, v. n033. — Pes. X, 8, v. laipiBX; 
a. e.— 3) [to recite before dismissal,] to conclude the reading 
from the Law by reading a portion of the Prophets, to 
read the Eaftardh (v. n*iBBn). Meg. IV, 1 ^xi . . . ijroa 
Xiasa Tniafia on Mondays, Thursdays and Saturday after- 
noons three persons read from the Law . . ., and we do 
not close with a lesson from the Prophets. Ib. 5 liBBan 
'31 Xin Xiasa he who concludes with the prophetic lesson 
(being the last of those called up) has the privilege of &c, 
v. &na ; a .fr. 

luBch.same,fo/«e, dismiss, let go; to divorce. Targ. 
Gen. XLIII, 14. Targ. Y. Num. V, 2, sq. Targ. O. Deut. 
XXIV, 1 ; a. fr.— Bekh. 4 a nana IBB 'tfix talX I'lBB in^X 
i"lBB nana they (the Levites) released (the firstborn 
Israelites) by substituting man for man, but the firstborn 
beasts were redeemed through their beasts.— V. liBB. 
Pa. 1KB same, esp. to divorce. Targ. Koh. VII, 26 TaBi 

146 



"It* 



1158 



tmSB 



(ed. Vien. TOff; Af.).— Gitt.85 b '31 "plrfl "IBS . . . ''As "j^n 
(orlBS)howN.N. divorced and sent away N.N.his wife &c. 

4/. IbBX 1) to dismiss. Targ. Koh. 1. c, v. supra. — 
Kum.B.s.1 2 '31 K^B pl^BBa )fWl that they should dismiss 
the school children at the fourth hour of the day (during 
the summer heat); Lam. B. to I, 3 isba 31 pIBBa (corr. 
ace). — 2) to deliver a funeral address. Y. Ber. II, 5 C top 
'31 il^S 'SI ... 6s B. Z. came in, and spoke of him (as 
follows) &c. Ib. b hot. IBB'W (corr. ace). Koh. B. to 
T, 11 I'ftS liaBKl VlS go and deliver the address over 
him. Ih. Kpl&S pin "<lb5 'X he started his address with 
this verse &c. ; a. fr. — 3) to take leave. Tanh. B'resh. 13 
NmiK2 TfWtQ 11B2X they took leave of him in the evening; 
mjia iie&o Kpl IPX X1B33 in the morning they came 
and again took leave of him; Viansa iJMap VVilBBX }&> ^a 
did you not take leave of me last night! Erub. 64 a (Ms. 
M. "'IBEPB Ithpe.) were taking leave of one another; 
a. fr.— 4) to read the Haftarah. Meg. 31 b ^"pasa "wa what 
do we read as Haftarah?; ib. a piliBBrj ^Xa illBBX (not 
p-PBSa). Ib.30 b ilEBal lip (not Kip) they read from the 
Law and recited the Haftarah; a.fr.— Ber. 53 b WIBSa, 
v. XlaBa. 

Ithpa. iBBnst, Ittpe. laBns, IBB'W, 'gjrt 1) to escape 
(a thrust), slip away. Targ. I Sam. XIX, 10.' — 2) to be 
divorced, v. nibSb. — 3) to be sent off, be escorted. Targ. 
Gen. XLIV, 3.— Esp. to be escorted to the burying place, 
be buried. Targ. Koh. VII, l.—Lam.B. to I, 1 (TQ1) H5 
pais m£> 'SI iTHBBS he died and was carried to the 
burying place; a. e.- — 4) to te7ce feave, ^>ar£. Erub. I.e., 
v. supra.— 5) to be exempted. Bekh. 4 a nana 1133X1 "i&!* 
lias" 1 } ''ai let them also be exempt from consecrating the 
firstborn of cattle; a. e. 

l£3D m. (b.h.; preced. wds.) [opening of tlie womb,] 
firstborn, firstbirth. Bekh. 1, 6, v. pilB. lb. 11,1; a.v.fiv— 
PZ.&11BB, constr. ilBB, "<B. lb. 6 a d^VaSI di&1& 'S the first- 
births of horses or camels. lb. ll a Wliah *i&; a. e. 

"TD£>, Y.Kidd.I, 61 b top ^13 'B, v. tVailBB. 

&VTDB, v. rtn&B. 
*bm"lt]&,v.^3iiBB. 

oirrcasw.triai. ' 

*™"E lTOS m.pl. (TraTpopouXoi) chief senators, a title 
given to local magistrates (variously corrupted). Y.Peah 
I, 15 c top iTh iVdibS 1BN1 . . . nal Dama . . . was the 
chief of the patrobuloi; Y. Kidd.I, 61 b top ^Vo IBS (corr. 
ace); Pesik. B. s. 23—24 ^131BS. Pesik. Ul'kah., p. 182 b 
mis ID^ipl iViBUBB IKS'' (Ar. iViBIB), the magistrates 
came out and praised him ; Yalk.Lev. 651 njilan i^BllBB; 
Lev. B. s. 30 1B1B1B Ar. (ed. m^lan ^Tl5). 

^IITDB m. {Palez of IBB) a prematurely born animal, 
a puny lamb. Bekh.ll a XpJI 13 'B 'iSS even a puny lamb 
worth no more than a Danka. Zeb. 48 a Kp31 13 's Ar. 

(ed. 'i n3 man, 'i 13 d«o«). 

&Oi"7E3S, V. K31BBB. 

jT1t3B m. (fttttpiuv = patronus) patron, protector. Y. 



Ber. IX, 1 3 a hot. 'si ftilBB VlB WB *>» "ft laSI H3 he comes 
and stands at the gate of his patron and calls for his 
slave &c. Ib. b top '31 B^TO) 'B lb ffli 11"3 (not 1l"3 "jba) 
a human being has a patron who may have power in 
one province &c. ; Y. Ab. Zar. Ill, 42° bot. pIBB (corr. 
j ace). Tanh. Vayesheb 8 "011BB Sin nns "WB3 Sin nnx 
thou (God) art my trust, thou art my patron; a.fr. — PI. 

psiiBB, rmiiaa. Ex. B. s. 14 'B emb ithu . . . trews mas 

'31 there were sinners in Israel who had Egyptian patrons 
and lived in affluence and honor, and were unwilling to 
leave. Cant. B. to V, 9 'Ba Kin pIBB no ... 111a -pll na 
'what is thy friend more than any other friend', what 
god is he to be different from any other god, what patron 
to be different from other patrons? Esth.B. introd. SfiK 
'31 p nal 'S B3b tt)i you have patrons, and who are they ? 
These are the words of the covenant (Deut. XXVIII, 69). 
Gen. B. s. 50, end '31 'S iJU) Kb WID nsilab (not 'a^S) like 
a province that had two patrons, one a provincial &c. ; a. e. 

bllED, v. bilB^B.— [Tosef. Dem. 1, 11, v. &11BS.] 

ibiBTiuD, "b^iriD, v. ^isiiBg. 

^?ilpD, n |2"Ht3Bp. n . m . PatroM, Patriki (Patricius), 
nameofanAmora. Y.YomaIV,41 d top; Cant.B. toIII, 10; 
Ex. B. s. 35 ; a. e. 

■jyrrcaE), v. pp^a?, 

riTlKS f. pi. (IBB) truffles. Y. Maasr. 1, 48 d top, v. 
ninas. Ned. 55 b . Ukts. 111,2 ; a.fr. 

pTQD, V. pIBB. 

D^TQSl, DTTGEl, Tosef. Dem. 1,11, read : DilBB^BSN. 

«j^nBB f , v. next w. 

jlp " ]l^D m. (TtaTpixoc, patricus, -a, -um) something 
hereditary, heirloom, patrimony. Y'lamd. to Num. XXI, 1, 
quot. in Ar. '31 SpiIBB ininiSSa 'fb ffiiffl 15S pS>Hi we 
know that they (Israel) have a legacy from their ancestors 
who said to them, 'the voice is Jacob's voice' (i. e. prayer) ; 
I, too, rely on my patrimony, as it is said (Gen. XXVII, 40), 
'by thy sword thou shalt live'; Yalk. Num. 764. Gen. B. 
s. 49 '31 "bm 'Sa ib^N if I asked (permission to cut some 
trees down) on his patrimony, he would not refuse me. 
lb. s. 98 (ref. to Gen. XLIX, 8, a. II Sam. XXII, 41) niniB 
'31 "to 'B (not pp^liBB 1->nU))it was his (Judah's) hereditary 
privilege (paternal blessing, to lay hands on the enemy's 
neck); Midr.Till. to Ps.XVIII,41 ppilatB; Yalk.Gen.162 
ppia-S; Yalk. Sam. 163 ppiafB (corr. ace).— PI. pp^lBB. 
Yalk.Num. 766 '31 nl313 bffl '3 in!B they have two paternal 
blessings from Aram. 

^"T&B, v. itflBB. 

■ilDIEB, v. ^aiiBB. 

^^"l.iaS, V. SlBpB II. 

^CDS, v. B^BB.— [Yalk. Prov. 960 plBBS }Vttb, v. 
SBB^bT— Yalk. Kings 230; Tanh. Thazr. 9 plDBS WJ, v, 
pB&B.] 



h 3 



1159 



s6ii">b 



if constr. of Fib. [For compounds see respective 
determinants]. 

n&t*©, v. nx3. 

. "hsr®, v . iy* B i. 

. T ' ' T ! 

&KJS, v. &i*3. 
TVbTS, v. sAll^E. 

T ! 

Um"S, mJ S pr. n. Pi^a, 1) name of a river inPalestine. 
Par.VIILlO (Mish.ed.ilSlB); Snh.5 b (Ms.M. 'IS). B.Bath. 
74 b (Ms. M. 'IB ; v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note) ; Midr. Till, to Ps. 
XXIV; Yalk.Ps. 697 S31B (corr.acc.).— 2) name of a place. 
Tosef. Ter. I, 15 ed. Zuck. (Var. fc»i3).— Tosef. Yel). VI, 8 

ins* 'sa KBiia ruusa ed. Zuck. (oth. ed. ima nsira nussa), 
read inxa 'sa niusa, or insa K3">na 'a). 

~lii S> ~'i© m. (b. h.; bJB) {abomination, unfitness,'] 
a sacrifice resectable in consequence of an improper in- 
tention in the mind of the officiating priest. Zeb. 28 a '3 
lalpa5> pn Vit piggul (Lev. VII, 18; XIX, 7) refers to the 
intended disposal beyond the legal limits of space (for 
eating the sacrifice). lb. II, 3 13a;^ pin . .. VlDB lalpab pin 
'31 '3 the intention of disposal at an improper place 
makes the sacrifice unfit, but the eating of it is not 
punishable with extinction, whereas the intention of 
disposal at the improper time makes it piggul, and the 
eating of it is punished with extinction; a.fr. — PL QiilSiB, 
I^JiS, 'as. Sifra Ahare, Par. 5, ch. VII. Cant. E. to V, 14, 
'S daa many laws concerning piggul ; a. e. 

"iPB, bOliPSj 35 ch. same, abomination. Targ. 
Is. LXV, 4. Targ. Ez. VI, 4 ; 5 ; 13 Bxt. (ed. -HUPS , q. v.). 
Targ. I Sam. XVII, 46 (ed. Lag. 153). — Hsip.piggul, v. preced. 
Men. 94 a (a mnemonical formula) K">aa nam KHa^S "pID 
ittiaffiia '3 ^3X1 for the show-bread is, like the c Omer, 
a congregational offering, an obligatory offering, is offered 
when the congregation is unclean, is eaten by the priests, 
is subject to becoming piggul, and is offered on the 
•Sabbath ; ib. b . 

D1JPID, Tosef. B. Bath. VI, 2 SlNOb 'S nfffiiB, read with 
ed. Zuck.: flN&ls tlBli^E); SIS^B being a misplaced glossj 
corrupted from 'bO^B, as a Var. of ril&alS ib. 3. — Bekh. 
V, 3 (35 a ) 'B Vji Bab. ed., v. p>53. 

"niPS, ijSm. constr. 1) (13BI) breaking, destruction. 
Targ. Is.'xXIV, 12. — 2) (13611, v. 1.1B) decay, only in 
connection with KH119B (rendering h. trtlbl). Targ. Ez. 
VI,4; 5; 1 3 (Bxt. liWB). Targ. O. Lev. XXVI, 30 ed.Berl. 
(oth. ed. 113B). 

"U"© f. (TCTj-yTQ> spring. Gen. E. s. 1 5 (ref. to Gen. II, 10) 
'si fiSinJ STUB '33 like a spring in a garden which waters 
the garden.— *Pl. pS^S. Targ.Y.Ex.XV,27Ar.(ed.plii$>). 

DipS, d3Bui.(MB; cmp. MSB I, a. Gen. E.s. 20, quoted 
bel.; uVj-yavov would seem to be of Semitic origin) the 



herb rue. Gen. E. s. 20 '31 'th trail bhlB resembling the 
leaves of rue, wide below and narrow on top, v. 11S< 
II, 3. Kil. I, 8 '31 nip 5"3> '3 pa"<3la pN you must not 
graft rue on wild cassia, because it would be a com- 
bination of an herb with a tree; Erub. 34*' DJ3 (some ed. 
'"•S, v. Eabb. D. S. a. 1. note 200). Ukts. I, 2. Sabb. 128 a . 
[PiaJiB, Snh. 73 b , v. i-iaias 3]. 

fctQJ"©, TTDXQ m. l) = KaSB q. v. — 2) = h. S«BI 
semicircular turret, Pigma, a suburb of Tiberias. Y. 
Erub. V, 22 b bot. '31 'B hIBan pK if you measure (for 
Sabbath limits) from the Turret &c. 



nnjpSf.: 



= Ha^B 2. 



fcCDQJPS, Pesik. E. s. 21, read : NJBailB. 
"plO-PS m. pi., v. pa' 1 ?!?. 
^S.'jWav.sub'SB. 

*qps, v. kiss. 

I 9 m, (US; cmp. SIB) 1) picking of chickens. Ab. 
Zar.4 a (ref. to 111B , Job XXX, 24) bttJ 'B3 ^rta 3133 iJK 
rfjlSlin I will collect from them (punish them) as the 
chicken picks (in small instalments); ib. ^KIIB" 1 ptf *^ast 
'31 •pVlSSin ^tt) 'Sfi asa . . . even if Israel do but small 
good deeds, as the picking of chickens in the dunghill, I 
will combine them into one large sum; Yalk. Job 918. — ; 
2) (b.h.) (=131)3) misfortune. Pesik. Nahamu,p.l26 b (ref. 
to Job l. c.) 'si irt> '3 sraa sbx . . . h3a s-i"apn pa the Lord 
does not strike a nation and let her sit in despair, but 
brings misfortune on one and consoles her with another 
&c. ; Yalk. Job 1. e. 

t • t : : • ' 

irnJTB, v. mtrm. 

tfrps, v. sib ii. 

pi!"!"© m. (pns) yawning. Ber. 24 b top '31 pWl Ms. 
M. (ed. pfiBal pnsa). , 

Tp&,'I\S m. pi. ("'lis) wandering about, idleness; 
'3 ii"pl!)a in standing still and sauntering about, in idleness. 
Targ.IIEsth.111,8; Meg. 13 b Ms. M.(ed.i"nB V'nffiQ, expl. 
in Eashi as an acrostic abbreviation: Dffl PQ1B, blfi fl&B 
to-day is Sabbath, to-day is Passover); Yalk.Esth. 1054 
iflB Ttxa. - . 

"1"©, v. fig.— [Kil. IX, 9 las b© l^B, v. tpB.] 

X51TS f. (fibula = pallium fibulatum, cmp. it£p6-J7)|j.a 
a. Tt6pTtap.a)clasp; a cloak fastened with clasps or buckles. 
Tanh., ed. Bub., Noah 21 '3 HB^l Dffli niba . . . )trQ the 
Lord rewarded them, giving Shem the tallith (v. FrfpB)* 
& and Japhet the pallium fibulatum; Gen.E.s.36i6ll3b 11311 
^nd Japheth was granted the pallium; Yalk. ib. 61 RiJlteb 
(corrupt, of S^iaiBV; some ed. VOItbt, corr.acc.).— Y. Ab. 
Zar. 1, 39° bot.' 'si kWi trbyv "jBin rT^h (Matt, K. to 

146*