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Full text of "Diseases Of The Nose Throat And Ear"

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INDEX

419

Labyrinth, haemorrhage into, 397

—  infection of middle ear, (Fig. 180) 351

—  injuries to, 383-6

-------surgical exploration in, 385

—  membranous, 352, 373

—  otitis media and, 350

—  surgery for, 352, 353

—  and syphilis of ear, 370

—  tuberculosis in, 369

—  and tumours of eighth nerve, (Fig-. 210) 394-8

—  vestibular, destruction in Meniere's disease,

379

—  in vestibular nystagmus, 272
Labyrinthine complications, 350

—  concussion, 383

—  deafness, explosion, 387

-------in mumps, 393

-------noise, 387

—  haemorrhage in leukaemia, 379

—  hydrops in Meniere's disease, 378

—  imbalance associated with nystagmus, 274

—  symptoms in middle ear tumours, 381
Labyrinthitis, (.Figs. 178-84) 350-3, 362

—  acute, purulent, (.Fig. 179) 351

—  balance, loss of, 352

—  cerebellar abscess and, 358

-------artery thrombosis, (.Fig. 206) 380, 389

—  circumscribed, 350

-------Meniere-like symptoms of, 379

—  deafness in, 351

—  fracture of base of skull and, 350

—  and leptomeningitis, 388

—  meningeal infection in, 350, 351, 352, 356,

357

—  in middle ear infection, 350

—  nystagmus in, 351

—  otitis media, acute and, 350

—  purulent, 351, 352

-------Meniere-like symptoms of, 379

—  routes of infection, 350

—  serous, (Fig. 178) 351, 352

—  tinnitus in, 352

—  treatment for, 352-3

—  tuberculous, 350

—  vertigo and, 352

Lacrimal glands, Mickulicz's syndrome in, 240
Lacrimation, test for, 347
Lamina papyracea, 10

-------infection of, 53

Laryngeal atresia in children, 202

—  cartilages in children, 198

—  diseases, chronic, 161-6
-------investigation of, 149-53

—  examination, (Figs. 68, 69, 70) 149-50

—  inflammation, conditions in children, 199

—  nerve lesions, 187

-----------recurrent, (Fig. 64) 145, 146, 187

-------paralysis, 186

-----------vocal cord, 186

—  paralysis, 146, 186

-------mirror image of vocal cord in,

(Fig. 93) 188

—  spasm, 204

—  sprays, 161, 162

—  stridor, 204-6

—  surgery, 153

—  trauma in children, 200

—  tumours, 174—7

—  vocal cord paralysis, 186

—  web, congenital, (Plate VIII, 4) 202
-------tracheostomy in, 202

Laryngectomy, areas removed, (Figs. 90, 91) 183

—  in cancer, 178

—  cricoid chondromas, 175

—  hypopharyngeal tumours, 237

—  partial, 146

—  in perichondritis, 165

—  social and psychological effects, 185

—  speech after, 185

—  in subglottic cancer, 184

—  supraglottic, (Fig. 84) 180

—  in transglottic tumours, (Fig. 90) 182
Laryngismus stridulus in children, 204
Laryngitis, acute, 158-9, 199, 204

—  chronic, 161-2

—  diphtheria and, 158

—  hoarseness in, 161

—  overuse of voice in, 155

—  polypoidal swelling of glottis, 161

—  rest for, 158

—  smoking, danger of, 162

—  syphilis and, 158

—  tuberculosis and, 158
Laryngocele, (Fig. 80) 176, 241, 243

—  in children, (Plate VHI, 3) 200
Laryngofissure, 189

—  approach, 196

—  in vocal paralysis, 188
Laryngography, (Fig. 72) 152

—  technique, 152-3, 245
Laryngomalacia, 204

—  associated with stridor, 205

—  in children, (Plate VIII, 2) 198
Laryngopharyngectomy in hypopharyngeal

tumour, 237

Laryngopharyngo-oesophagectomy in hypo-
pharyngeal tumour, 237

Laryngopbarynx (hypopharynx), 93-94

Laryngoscopy, 201

—  anaesthesia for, 207

—  for cysts, 176

—  direct, (Fig. 104) 153, 207, 209

—  fibreoptic, 153

—  in glottic cancer, 181

—  haemangioma, 176

—  indirect, (Figs. 68, 69) 149-50
-------in pachydennia, 163

—  in injury, 194

—  instruments for, (Fig. 104) 208

—  operation for, 209

—  for stridor, 205

—  in tuberculosis of larynx, 163

—  tumours of hypopharynx, 236

—  vocal cord paralysis, 189
Laryngotomy, technique, 169-70
Laryngotracheal infections, acute, 158-60

—  stenosis, chronic, 196-7

-------from scleroma of larynx, 165

—  trauma, 191-7
Laryngotracheobronchitis, acute, 159-60

204, 205
Larynx, 142

—  amyloid diseases of, 176

—  anatomy of, 142-7

—  blood supply, 146

—  carcinoma of, 147, 149, 164

—  in children, 198

-------foreign bodies in, 199

-------injury to, 199

-------papillomata, (Figs. 100, 101) 200-1

-------scalds and burns, 199

-------stridor in, 204-6