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Full text of "Ecologically significant wetlands in the Flathead, Stillwater, and Swan River Valleys : final report June 1, 1999"

Ecologically 
SignificanfWetlands 



intheFlatheadr Still water, 
and Sw»i River Valleys 



FINAL REPORT 
JUNE 1, 1999 



Submitted to 
theM ontana D epartment off Environmental Q uality 



Prepared by 
Jack Gieenlee 




M O M T A ^ 1^ 



Natural Heritage 
Program 



Ecologically 
Significant Wetlands 

in the 

Flathead, Stillwater, and 

Swan River Valleys 

JUNE 1, 1999 



DEQ Agreement 
280016 



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Thisdooimait ^ouldbedted sfDllows 

GcHubc JT 1998 Ecnli>^ k jfl> si^ njrui^iiil hi'iH Lind'i ld i lie Ftl l]i::id, Si ilh«!l er jnd B'' jn P iier v:JIc)?k Uipub- 
lEvliL'd rcjnl Lo I lie NroDi Jii!i DL'rtuI DiL'Ql i>f EiviR>i]n::Dl jl Qudlly. Moruau j N:l ii!!] Hl'hj^? Pnignn H L'k'n j. MT. 
I^pp 



Ji L^r+rar^ '^^ MonEiFi* NhIufb] Hcnta^r PrD^nm received b wctlind prDlccEnn 

" IJJLI QL^L grant fiDm 1hc EnviiunnKiil aJ Fmlcction \frncy to xlcn1]fy ind ]nvcn- 

tory ceo k>E>L aJLy ypnift-ant wcllinck ami piKmtiJC tbtm for conhcrva- 
tnn. rc^toralun^ icul iruti^itiLi ii ippLicatni^ N^ iKh oF 1 he s1 a1c LauLs 
bek informalion abcut H*^ v^cllind rcsoun^cs Like MatLonal Wdlind 
Invrntory mBp> inJ lb:i? £i oen k^ informatton available abcut v^hich 
cf lhe lemaiiung x^ttlamis art iLurlxinally ]nlBct arvl ot high quBlily. 
Tht> rcpon sijmnian/e> lb? re>ijLl'^ of a field invcnior^' of high ciuaJity 
VFftlBiich in lb: Flalbzad Vallry 

Tht project toc^usdil on bi>th pubLx ind private wrtlamis bund in lhc 
FLalhtad Lakr^ Slillwilcr. ind S \^ an drajnBga> m Ibt FLBlbzad R]V[^r 
watcnthcd Wt n^ntLfinl polcnl]^! ^^rtLandh Ebr invi:nti>r> b> qiii^ryiiig 
bcally knowLcd^ablt LmlivbJu4b> and by L£>]ng NitnnaJ WetLand 
Invrnlor^' mapt^ acnal imagery^ and BgciK> dala. Cnlcria uhcd lo "vln-t 
wctlanch for invrnlory incLixJcd lirgc ^izr^ wcllarx^ witbiL>ul ^^mnq^biK 
or hydrok^gic modiridtK^ii protfncc of inlarl iial]VL' plant commun]ti»>, 
[irE^^L'ncc of concirnlrilu nh ofrair planlscrr animals ami inlarl LipLajrLs. 
Of thf appio itunalcly 100 jwlcntiaJ wcl]arxt> Iha1 were idcntifKd, 54 
appear ]n tbici import. 

The ccotagkaJ asscHsrrtnt of c*:h wcllarxl fbcushol pnminly on vcgcla- 
tiDn nincLiJii^nl in^ the types of ^^'cllind i:i>niniujiil>^ picscm 1heir qualMy 
and coDilition, anJ rire or sereiH ivc plant spec its prcscnl Wc also 
rccoi~de:1 LutonrutKm onsL'Lcctfd h>di~oLogic ami soil ^anablfs ukj^I la 
h}drogcomLiT|Thic issL'^m.'nls and the quaJityVconJH K>n of the sunound- 
ing LandHcape as l1 relalcd lo fiuKlioruL intrgnty 

Our obhcn'4t»n> indx-aLc Iha1 some 1>pn of ^vetLaixb^ like wrt meaikiwE 
and vallry bottom npinin (^ommunLl ifs^ ha>e drcieased ]n ^crta^r and 
quality ]n tht l«it [^) ycais^ wluLc sjm^ types of maish 4.0 mmuni tics, 
bkc caltail communilm. aie likely mLut comnan than IIev wert hnLon- 
cally Pcillandi and forcslenl wcllan[i>. siich a.*^ spnxe sw amps, art 
EnEnnsiciUy raie ind pi~ovxJc outs1am1ing bubitit tor wikUife ind rare 
planis ind aiumits 

Thequ*bty ami ^gnrficance of c*c h silc was ranked, and s]lcs wcie 
placed in one of ibur 4. ale^Tks based on sj/e wetland corxJ]tnu upland 
comlitton, the clLverwty of pi ani commiinitcs and welland feaLLues a1 lb? 
site and prt^rerte oF rare species and cojnmunitks- Opttons and piijn- 
liK for pn^lecting site?i, SIX h asspeciaJ status des]gua1 K>n of public lancb 
or pla(.]ng s]tcs uncfcr conhen-itcn cayeinrnts or in IIk Wetlamj Reserve 
Piogram are "^uninian/ed Del ailed tks^nplu r^ of wetlam] ^iles and 
communilLes are presentenl m ippendEcs. Land iruniger: cin apply the 
piocess prt^rentcd hirre lo help evaluate wellamis which were not mvento- 
ned 

The wctlanH uifbimitrm prracnCrd here can be irrd to prinritizc vrel- 
Famih for conhen'^tnn xJenlify ]rTcpl«.eable wcllinck Kl^utdy nzfeienzc 
wetlanct:, KJcn1if> polcniiil iratifitiDU wi\\^^ piuvKl? a context Ebr wcl- 
lam] permil itfLcw, ami piovyJe ]nforma1ion for landu^ dcc&tons. 



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InEFTFYIHD ^HC SELECTiNQ Win^L^NnS RJi: EnVEMOI^ 5 

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Mndcid c M^aifiz-jncc 10 

ThXa^DMCC C4JS^ID>E^TW]^^ [[ 

RESULTS AND 01 SCLiSSION.^ ^ ^ ^ ^ Li 

Coy u L^CTiiE LL 

R]ralcd vc£Lliicii>ii IS 

Sc ™ti-Hfcni b ^"cgLisy K]i 15 

Emcr^LTmicrttM-cuiUii vc^cttixm IS 

AqudK bed VL"£cJaton 16 

Rmc Pih^rs E6 

RmeAmu^ls L7 

CoihEErv^TioK P F kh:]tie:e Fo E EcaLaacc^LLV Smn i>[c ^M Wet L h !h Ei£ 19 

OiitS4indii£SigiirKa»LC 2[ 

Vci> "higk Mgiiryz^incc 2S 

H ig h sij nifH-LiKC 2S 

Mndcid L" ^ailKjncc 29 

Weti h\D=: Ni>T h^ EMDi]Ln [\ 1998 29 

H&T Tiis [\ FORMA TiQH Can Bi Lb En JO 

Fltiie Nfsei£ JL 

Hot Ta Reul est Aonino^^L lN]<jRj[\rKJ\ JL 

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S^ Cj J J!j am £j I ^ *— J!j Abubijbijlibububijliblibubijbijlibububijliblibubijbijlibubljbijliblibljbijbijlibljbljbijliblibljbijbijlibljbljbijliblibljbijbi J^ 

APPENUEX A-l-ESrOFA^'ETLANOSIOENTEFlEOBYLOCAI-Ly KNOWLEOGEABLE 

X_^ LJX r I Lr i—lralj ^bubi jbi jlibububi jliblibubi jBiBBiaajBajBi jBiBBiBUBiBBiBBiaajBajBi jaiBBiaajBi jBiBBiaajBajBi jLiBBiBajBiBBiBBiaajBajBi jBiBaxB^ajiBax Jj 

APPENDIX B-FIELO FORM JJ 

APPENDEXC-C/S RANK GUIDELINES 49 

APPENDIX O-COMMLT^nVCHAHACrERJZATIONABS'EHACTS 51 

APPENDIX E- SITE OESCRI PI IONS H) 

APPEN13IXF-CAH\BEDBEt.TI-EFAUN\ \SSt>t] \TED WETH WETLAHOSOF IHE 

FLATHEAOHIVEltWATERSHEO OF NORTH ^VEST MONTANA I6S 

APPENDIXC- PRIORITY WAT FRSEIEDS FOR WET LAND INVENTOE4V 191 



u 



lNTR.QP_UCTI_pN 

PURPOSE AND SiGNSfiCANCE 
Wetlands m North America hB\c 
hj^toricBLLy been vk^cd as Linproduclivc 
iBcids wilh Little viluc lo noricty iMitsch 
and Go!i^>clink L993| .^ a consequence, 
swam|v>. nian>bics_ slo Lighs and olbicr 
^ctlflnds hflvc lang been drained, fjJlcd, 
and Dlhcr\^'L'>c m b njpul b ted to ^reduce 
goods and services with more value to 
societv- The rr'tull of the-^e efforts has 
been the estimBted Loss of overhilf of 
the conterminou'5 United Stiles' x^-etlBnd 
acreage since the 17BI)\, ^nd b Loss of 
about 25^ of MontBRB^s welland 
acreage m lhe sinic tJinc period TDahl 
1990) 

In the lisl 20 ^eais, however, bs 
awareness of lhe cumulBtJve losses ind 
iinpicts to wethnds has giown, so. 1od_ 
hBS socielv's 4W4renc?iS of lhe numcTDUs 
ecoEvslem servjces provided by 
wetlands, BS well as the i r eco no mic 
value, lhe nH>st recent c?ilima1e valued 
global welLand ccosyslem services al 
34 9 triLLion^ycBr (CostBnza el *1- 1997). 
Efforts to protect wellands have 
jiHensined bIso ind IbIzc ihbrv forms 
acquisi tion. crcBtioii edncBtion, 
mcentivcs management, rrgulalion, 
research, and rc?i1orB tion, 1o mine a few 
(World WiLdLife Fund 1992) 

Fo r CO nsc rv B t Jon cftbrlE to be most 
effctlive, bBscLine jnlbrmBtion must be 
gathered vii ^etlind in^enlories 1o 
documenl the locilion ind Hfcs of 
wetlands that e\isl in an area. The need 
lor wetland inventory information was 
recognjzed by the Mo man* Wei I and 
Co line iL in its Drafl Conservilion 
Slralegy (MontBHB Wel Land CoudcjI 
SlralegvWorizing Group L99T1- This 
mvenlory CBn take mBny forms, from lhe 



NitionBl WelLand Invenlorj^s (NW]) 
mapping of we1 Lands determined by 
remole sensing to field jnvenlories of 
high qnaLity "^ e1 linds sue h bs ^4s 
eondncled by the Montana Natural 
Meringe Program iMTNHF) m 199B- 

The puqiose of MTNHP^s wethnd 
mvenlory is 1o identify ind inventory 
ecologically sigmfjcanl welLands And 
priontjze I hem for consci v-BtJon 
restoration, and miligalion applications. 
ALthoiigh Monlana is one of the few 
si ales to have b rehuvely comprehensive 
wetUnd \ege1a1ion c I assiFicil ion, a 
c<]mpirable inventory of wethnds — one 
thai detijLs localion. communjl^ 
composition. CO ndi1 ion, funclionil 
integrity, Bnd conserv b tjo n sjg njfic b nc e 
-hBs beensorelv Lacking MTWHP^s 
wethnd inventory is sjgnjficBnt because 
i1 T^iLL provide government agencies^ 
wAlep>hed gioups, Und lrusls. Locil 
phnncrs. Con*icrvalion Dislriels. and 
otheis involved jn wdland protection 
ellbrts iccess lo reljBble info rnia1 lo n on 
the divcrsjiy of wethnd types, where 
they ire, Bnd their re I alive significance^ 
in order to effcclivcLy prioriliie wetlind 
con*icrvatJon efforts Good wellaitl 
infonnBtionein help ensure lhat 
protection, niitigHion, ind rcslorilicn 
efforts tBrge! lhe full range of wel Land 
diversity, including those wetlands 
which ireonlstBnding, unjqnc, or which 
C4]ntnbule most to W4tep>hed integrity 
and function. Qnlil now. accc5>s 1o siich 
information in Monlana hBS been hnnled 
because i1 rc?iidcs in various fonnits 
amc ng diffe rem agencies or bccinse it 
hBS no1 been collected. 

In o ther wc;stern si alc?i such is Idiho, 

Colorado, ind Oregon. sjKuUr wethnd 
invenlorjcs hBve been lindcRViy for 
Ecveral yeiis. These inventories have 



contrjbulcd directly to the prDtcctioii of 

wctlind^ in thc^c Milc^ Forc\am[iLc, m 
Idaho, I he Forc*il Scrvu-c Bureau of 
Land Management, and f^BtuiaL 
Rcso u rcc^ Con^>crvi1 ion Service have 
u-^ed the invenlorv re'>ult:£ 1o ^Iralcgicilly 
focLii protet"lLon efforl"^ on highquiln^ 
^etlflnds identified by the inventory, 
ihrough mlun] Brc4 dcsignBtion or 
jnclu!iJon in the ^'etlind Reserve 
Program. The emphi-^tsof the-^e 
jnveiilorie'> is on pfolectjng 4iid restoring 
exi:£lLng ^etlends, rather than ereBt]ng 
new wetlind^ Although ^etlind 
creBtJon is Hometjme^ b neees^aiy 
nuUgalLon prietjce, "itudie^ ofereBted 
wetl4nd'> reveal lhe nuxed :£ucee'>^ that 
^uch projeclsi have had 41 rrealing 
funcliouing welLand |e g. MLt'>rh et bI 
lyySl Prelecting existing welLand*i hB-^ 
lhc grealest chBneeof con-^ervjng 
wetland funclkms. mJ wellind 
rcsto FB tin n c B n be aeos1 eflcclive wiy of 
proteetmg welLands |e g restoring 
hydiologieBlly Bite red sile^.) 

Through CO n:£ull at ion wjih the Wei land 
CoLincil, MTNHP idemified several 
'>ubdrBinBgesorihe Flathead Rjver 
^4lep>hed is ihe^tudv arrB for thb 
wetland jnvenlor^ (Figure lf_ The 
Flal head su p[y^ riE oneof thegreatc?i1 ind 
mos1 diveise CO neeni ral lo n^ of wellinds 
ju the Rocky Mouulairei. including 
pcalland^ o\bow [y^nds. springs and 
^eepffi- eo mplexe'> of po tho le [xsnds, 
vernaL pLiob>, Bnd beaver |X3nds Like 
other arei^of lhe arid ^'e^t the 
import anee of wetlands jn lhe Flalhead 
f4rexceed'> lheir reUlively small bfcb 



Ibllowjng BtlribLite?i hvelrophvtjc 
vcgetBtion, hydric soik, and welland 
hydnslogv This definition includeii 
riparian ireas, wel meadows, and vernal 
fools- 

We use ^>everal welLand leims in ihis 
report thit can be interpreted in more 
than one wty, so follox^'jng are Home 
deFimtJon^ 1o eUnfy lhe meaning of 
these lernb Marsbesarr "seasonally lo 
[^rnnnemlv Hooded wetlands 
dominated by emergent herbaceous 
vegelalion M arshes generally fo rm on 
mineral soil, bu1 some [^^1 aecumulatjon 
canocenr because of the tremendous 
produclivit^ ormap>h vegeHlion In 
eonlr4'>t pea llaods are wetlaiid'> ihat 
accumulate peit, or padiall^ 
decomposed plant matler All lhe 
peal lands in h^onlana are fens, whose 
wjter source l'> predominantly 
giDundwaler, i^oppLised to bo^ whose 
witer source l^ predominantly 
precjpjl al lo n Peatland-s dominated by 
shrubs are known ^^ carrs and c^tt^ are 
aometime-s besi developed jn lhc la PP. or 
moal-like ring "^ometimeji found the 
outer maiginoF the peilUnd. A wel land 
dominated by tree?i is known is a 
sii^amp Sed]!e meadows occur in 
shallow basins and have limited peal 
development because they u-^u ally dry 
down for part of the gnsw jng sci^o n, in 
Monlani. they are Frequently domjniled 
by slender sedge {Ctirex !£^^t^M.arp£^]^ 
which IS ab^o common in lens The 
tf:nn-> slope, riverine depr^^onal. and 
la<:iHrllie frlni^e Vretlands are all used 
as defined by Smjlhel il. (I995f- 



ClARJFICAmPi OF TERMS 
Thcsiles whieh were examjneel in thi^i 
inventory fall within the definilionof 
wetUnd^ used b^ Cowaidjn el i\. f 19791 
because thc^ all hid at least one of the 



Figure 1 . Drair>ageG in which 1 998 wetland inventory was performed^ 



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4^ (Gee Table 5 Jor nsmwij 
L_l NWI -dlghrrnd quEida 



MTNMP.Mfl/17. 1999 



STUDY AREft 

The study irca ]^ bratcd in northvr'cst 
h^onlana jn ihrcc draLnagc'>of ibic 
Flalhcid River x^-atcrshcd: the Sx^-an 
RivcT dri I n B|c, SuLLx^'atcrRj^cr 
drainage, and Flathead LbIzc iFigLirc 1) 
TbiCTicdrijnigc^ corrc^pand lo 4 Code 
U-S-GS Hydrologie UmtsfHUC^s 

17010211, 17010210- aiKl LTO LOZOS, 
rcspcci L\cLy)_ The toul BerrBgc of ihi-^ 

Brea is 1 7 nullion Bcre^. 

The study ire a i^ withjn lhc FLalhcid 
Villcy IM333B) and Northern Rorkje-: 
(M333C| eeci rrg lo n B L seicl LO n-^ fNes^>cret 
al 1997) Thclowerdcvilionsm the 
ElLidy arcB ar^ pmdoniJiiiul Ly Tor have 
the pDtenliaL to bc| forested ^Jlh 
ecmifcni. wilh pQidcrosa pine Bnd 
Douglas EJrdominanI in drier areB^ and 
grand fir *ipruee, Bnd ^eislem redeedir 
dominant in more me'>ic Brcis Dougla*^ 
fir we'>lcni linzh. and '>iibalpme Fir ire 
dominant at mid-elevBtJon^, and 
whilcbark pme and '>iib4lpme Fir ire 
dominant al higher elcvaliorei (Sirueek 
BndBachun>ki L995f- 

The pBrent materials in the Mud^ arua 
Bre predoinju B n1 Iv ^edimenlar^ rocks of 
lhe Beh fbnnilion Ma^Drrock lypcs tre 
BrgiLLite. quartz I te, and siltJie, ^Jlh 
lociljzed BreB-^ of limeiitone The laigc 
lo\^' elevitjon vbLIov^ ^^ ere scoured by 
several advance'^ of conlincntBlgLacicis 
during the Flewloccne, Bnd higher 
monntBin^ were acted on by alpine 
glBeien> Sinee lhe retreat of the 
glaciers. vaLLev boUoms have been 
'>ubiected to alluvial proce5'>e'> Man^ 
lBke'> ind ^etl4nd'>oecurongLaciaLLy 
jnfliicnced hndforms like ketllc [^nds_ 
ont^iEh plijns, ind foolhills morijne^ 
lAlt and HyndmBn 1986). 



The cliniBte of the !itudy area is strongly 
influenced by Pacific marjiimc weilhcr 
B^3lcm^ ^'jnlers ire cool, cloudy, Bnd 
wc1_ On ivcrBge, mi>^t precjpul al lo n 
during a ycBr fait helween Seplembcr 
and February, bul June is usually the 
wellest '>ingle nH>ulh Kalispcll Bveriges 
42cm (I6_4 mcheji) of precipjUlkm pci 
ycBr, Bnd has an ivcragc yearly 
temperature of 5 SV (42 4*^F|; the 
hjghe:£l nwuulajn rjdge?i nearby average 
about ?56cm llOO jnchcs) of 
precjpjl a1 lo n Summers Bre warm Bnd 
dry wilheool mghl^i fWOAA 1993, 
SirucekindBiehur^iki 19951 

STATUS OF PiA TiOPiA L WETLAND 
INVENTORY IPJ STVDY AREA 
Large seile HnBl NWl mBps hBve been 
complded for allof ihecguidis m lhe 
slndy arcB. ind djgjiired MWl ma|is 
exL^t for a portion of lhe qnad^ ^Figure 
n ^'c ^umjrmixed ^ctliud becb for 
diffcrent classe-^ of wcthnd^ for the 
digniied qiiid^ iFignre 2A-Cf_ 
A majority of 1 he "^d lands in the study 
arcB for w h ic h d ig itjzed qu Bd:£ Bre 
avajlBblefBllinlo Co\^-ardin s 119791 
iBcuslnne '>v^1cni, primarily beciui^e 
Flalheid Lake ie jn lhe '>tudv beci 
(Figun: 2B) If the deepwalerhibilal 
(\ e. heustrine limnelicr is removed from 
eoreijderalion and one lookii Bt lhe 
percentage of diffe rem Cowaidin 
^etUnd classes jn lhe '>tudy becb, eE m 
oleir thit lhe dominBnt wdland class ]"> 
emeigcn! welland!i iFigurr ?C) The 
aqnalic bed ela'>^ make'> up b 
surprisingly large [y^rlionof lhe welland 
classes |20 5^1, with Hcrub-^hrnb and 
lb rested cIb^'^cs comprj'>ing smaller 
pcrtJDDS □ f the wethnd acreage 




Wflland 
13 5*t 




UrccnBdic^td 



C- 



LTrEcnsdii^led 
Bollofn 
23 1"%. 



Scrub- Sf¥ub 
9 4^ 

Blreainbed 
0_2<t 




20 5^ 



39 Wb 



F^uie2 A Perrenla^ cf L4>^rxJ and wetlarxJ F rum dgii^bd NVUI it^k in si LxJy area. B 
Pem^nlB^of dffer^m CDV.Qrdin we1 ^nd sy^eme Fiom digir^HJ N Wl m^>s in si udy ar^a. C 
Pem^nlB^of dffer^m Cov^rdin v/el land c ^zses {exc luding ct^pwaler c^ss^] f rom d^ilized 
NWI nrapa in study: 



Service, Monlana DcpBrtmcnt of Fiih, 
Wildlife- ind Pflrki- MontBna 
Dcpirtmcn! of Natural Rcsouirc^ End 
CDnEErvHtion, Confcdcralcd S4lj'>h ind 
Kcotcnflt Tribes, Riparian End WcUand 
Research Fiugrani-FlBthcBd Like 
BjologLCil SlalLon, The Wflturc 
Cd nse r\ anc y . ceo bgic aL co il'>uIi ant*^, 
and mcmbcn> of I he Montana N alive 
Fl*nl Sorjctv ^'c aikcd them to 
idcntifv x^'cllands they considered 
ecologically EJgnjficBnt based on the 
following erilcrjBi sites ^Jlhout major 
hydrologie orgcomorphic modifications 



M_ETH_Q_DS 

WETLANDS FCR IWEi^TORY 
Several houflcs of inFoimation were 
eoreiultcd to Ldcnlify wcllands for 
pctentJBl Lneliision in I he wclland 
invcnlor^ We f]p>l conlactcd 
mdjvjduals \^'ilh loeal knox^'ledgc of 
wctUnd rejiOLirces This lisl of public 
and private seclorgrou[^ included U S 
Forest Scrviec. U-S. Fish and Wjldhfc 
Service, Natural Rc;&ouTce CoRberv al lo n 



^ilcs wjih LntBct- rcproic nti tivc mtivc 
plant Lo nununil Lcs^ SLtc?i w]th 
CO IK. r n1 m ki ns o r rare plant or inimjl 
^pccici^ b,\\€it within E:£lablb>bicd graz]ng 
cxc Losu res. o r ^Ltc£ wilh OLit'>landLng 
vhLlic b^ wjJdlifc habital Wc 4L>o 
jidcntjflcd pDlcnlLi] silcs by LCUipccUng 
lhc FLalhcad Nalional Forr'>l map^ 
Nitioml WclLand Invcnlor^ niap^^ ind 
U.S.G S quod ma|v> 

Aboul LOO sLtc^ ^crc idcnlifjcd through 
lhii process. End they ire Ittcd in 
Appendix A Wc prionlLzcd the silcs 
usjng lhc fo LLo w ing gujdc Lines: 

• Emphasize larger x^'ctlBnd'^ over 
'>m4llcr wcll4iid'> 

• Emph^izcsilcs wjlhoul gcomorphic 
And h^dro logic modification 

• Emphasize -^Jlc^ with jnlact nBtJve 
plant Lommunilics. bo I h in the 
wetland and in the nplind'i 
Aurroundjng lhc wclLand 

• Emphasize sjle^ with known 

CO nceni ral lo ns ot rare plBnts and 
AntmiJs 

Acnal photos frDm the Flalticid NBtionBl 
Forc-^l, feedback fn>m the lociUy 
k no w ledge abLc indivjduab>. ind existing 
^eUand reports were icicd to aid the 
^eleclion pnjccsi The above gujdeLines 
were de-^jgned to be flcxibLe Bnd no! 
Bb:£olute^sinee the isignifie ince of 1 he 
wetland depends in pari on il*^ iBud'^Bpe 
context. For example a valley bo I torn 
wetland which i*^ '>urroiinded by Unds 
used for agrjcuLtnre ind which has some 
jrrigalion withdrBWBLs and exolic '>peeLes 
mjghl neverthelew> be eonsidered a 
pnorily for inventory if it Mill his jnlact 
nBtJve pLant co mmu nj1 ie^. If lhe siine 
welland were loealedon ^tBte foreM 
iBnds Bnd surrounded by intBCI upland 
forcTit comninnitje^ it nnghl nol have 
been 4 high pricnly for invenlorv if it 



had the same irrigation wilhdr4W4b> Bnd 
exotjc specie'> no led iboYU. 

.VIdilional we1 lands lb r jnvenio ry were 
identified during the course c f FieLd wo rk. 

Some wetlands thai merjied invenlory 
were not field-visiled beeiuse sufficjent 
inform Bt ion from previous Fieldwork 
wjs Bireidy stored in MTNHP Hies, 
several pcatlBnd^ ind U.S Forest 
Service Reseaich NBturaL .^reis fell jnio 
this ealegory. Sixty-lhree ^etUnds were 
invenlorjed during lhe I99B fjeld season 

DATACOLtlCmPi 
Wetlands w e re su rveyed dunng The 
summer of L^9£ fo]k>wing '>tandard 
methodology to bs>c^ sjle condition, 
ealalog ecmmunily 1>fcs. and doeumeni 
rare plant and animal occurrences 
(Boii^eron et aL 1992) Si^ccjficilly, we 
aCtempled lo walk ihrongh alL wethnd 
plant eommunjlie^ it Bny given sj1e. 
excepi where prevented by deep WBter 
The dominant '>pecies ineichslrituni 
and ocuIbt e'>tiniBte'^ of 1 heir c ano pv 
coverige were no1ed, bs was in eslimBte 
of the acreage ofeach community. We 
clarified CBch wdUnd pLanI community 
u-^ing Han-^cn et bL (1995) Bnd noted the 
ccndilian ofeach eommnnjlv- including: 
presence of exolie species, evidence of 
hummocking or pugging, prr^enceof 
dnches, dikcji. riprap, Bnd other 
geomorphjc ind hydrologio 
mod ifjc at lo n-^, presence ofoLd giowlh 
conditions jn Ibrrsis depi h o f s1 ending 
witer, ind beaver adivity. A bUnk field 
da[a Idnn i^ included jn Appendix B 
For plant eommunilies not previously 
described or whjch are uncommon, 
detailed eommunily plol informatKnn 
wftsgnhen^d. 

A[ each ^ite the hydnsgeomorphjc 
fHGMl cIbss and ^nbcUss (Smith et al. 
1995) were noted, as were the CowBrdin 

H^tem^ubs^tem,clBWsul>class, and 



hydro logir regime rCowardinci al. 
1979) Wc Bl-m mfldc nolcs aboul off^itc 
Iflndu^c^ ind ^pjkc to landox^-ncni/ 
niBna^cp> ibout lenduEC hislory when 
j»sj>ibLc_ A cui^ory rBrc plfln! ^urvt^ 
W4H CO nduc ted diiring our walk-lhrough 
of each ^dland. 

Fiunil survcw> were condiictcd for 
^clcHcd wclLandi These survcw> 
fQcuw>cd on anim al giT>ijp« lhal arr 
ceo logics I ly Jinportont m wctlBnd:^^ bul 
jhco nspjc uo us and no I well doc u nicntcd. 
Thii work included surveys for 
Bm^ihibians ind sublIs as well bs for 
carBbid bcelles, b family o f prrd aceo us 
beclLcs thBt includes a diversity af 
wctlBnd/rjpBrian specialists- 

Although no wetlBnd dclincBtJon^ or 
foimal VrTlUnd functJonBl isscssments 
were performed as part of this projecl, 
MTNHP's welLand inventory was 
informed by two regioml KGM models 
being developed b y rcjioarc hers al the 
Flalheid Lake Biologjcal Station fHaner 
etBl 1999, Hauer 199 B) For instBnce, 
Bt some sites 1 he depi h o f two soil 
hoiij^ib, the O horizon ind A horizon, 
W4S measured m some plinl 
CO mmunil les This varjBble is nicBsured 
m lhe jnlennonlane pothole HGM 
model, ind i1 represents lhe Long-lenn 
slore of nulrienls m lhe soil and icts is 
an index of lhe ch^raeleristjc 
decomposer CO mm uni1v in the wetland 
iHiuerelil 19991 A\erylhickA 
homon, foreximple.cBn mein Bn 
excessive ami>un1 of upland erosjon is 
tdkmg pi Bee Thih andolher noildm 
Isee field form. Appendix Bl was 
gathered lor so me we1 Lands 
About one- fourth of 1 he sites werr on 
pnvBte Land LBndowners were 
contBcled for permission to gain iceessi 
to their piopcrty prkir 1o site vjsits 
Useisof ihis weUand inventory report 
shoiiLd note thai they, too, need lo gel 
permission before entering privale lands. 



We created four types of dilabise 
records for the datB we gathered: 
communjlv plol records, community 
occurrence records die records, Bnd 
eommnnjU abiitracts We tUnd plant 
community plot informBtion (c g spccjcs 
compjsition Bnd cover dBtBl wbs entered 
inio EC ADS, admbise deveLopcd by 
the U_S Forrst Service for managing 
emlogicaldiH CJenseneHl I99J1 We 
ereiled 4 wethnd pLanI communjiv 
occurrence record for eich community it 
each sile_ Communjiv occurrence 
informBtJon |eg_ HGM cLass, Cowardin 
cLass^ubcLass-domjninl species. 
h^-drology, iBndscape selling) was 
entered jn lhe Bjological and 
ConservBtion Dal a Svslem (BCD), ■ 
datBbasedevelo[^ by The Nilure 
Conservanev and used by Herilage 
Programs across the country. SummiTy 
information Bbont each sile is b whole 
(eg. general site deseriplions, on- and 
of&>ite hnduses, management needs! 
WIS ilso enlerrd inio lhe appfopriBte 
modiiLe jn BCD. DetaiLed eommunily 
ahslracts were crealed which 
characterize bolh common and rare 
wethnd plant eommnnilies InfonnBlion 
aboiil communjly range, typical 
landscape selling, l^picil species 
compositjon, and succession a I and 
minagemcnt information was 
synthesized from j \ a rie1 y o f so nrces 
and Ls being slorcd lemporariLy in a wcid 
processing template, for Uler uploading 
inlo a new BCD module being 
deveLopcd The boundaries of each 
wetUnd site were dignizcd and stored is 
[y^Lygons ]n a CIS Laver. 

RAmNG OF COmUNiTJES AND SITES 
Flam community raiity was ranked using 
the same protocol I hat w is de vc b [v:d by 
The Nalnre Conservancy for ranking 
plant and injmal spccjcs The ranking 
s^slem IS intended 1o aLLcw managers to 
identify elcmenis at risk and determine 



mBnagcmcnt End conscrvilion prioriELCS- 
ComniLiiiLty ranki arc hflscd pn manly on 
lhc 1olal niinibcrof occLirrcnccE End arcB 
occupied by the communjl^ cilbicr 
rangcwidc fib r global orG ranks) or 
'>latc^jdE Ifor'itatcor S ranks). 
SccondirjJy^ 1 rends incondjlion^ ihrciTs. 
End fragility CO ntrjbulc 1o ranks ^hcn 
ihis infonnBtJon is kno'^n The rBcilz'^ Brc 
'>rBLcd from I to 5, with G L ind telling 
lh4l lhc communily i*^ cntidUy 
J m pen led rangcwidc, ind b G5 
jndjcaling no risk of c n1 inci lc n. 
Guidelines used lo B:£'>ign community 
ranks arc included in Appcndn C 

A Ibt of wc[]and and npariin plani 
communities Ibund m the slndv area was 
Bs^embled based on Held dala gBthercd 
for this inventory and ringe comments 
found in PrKtcret al ll977) HBn^n ct 
bL (199^1, BndSinicck and Bichnrski 
{1995l_ FrcLiminarv gbbil and stBte 
communitv rBnlz"^ ^ereoblajned from 
lhe Wc5i tern RcgjonBl Office of The 
Nature Conservancy This list of 
communnie^ wilh prcliminBrv rinks wis 
^enl to a pinel ofexpcrts ^ith bioBd 
knowledge of welland plBiit 
ccmmnnitjc^ '>lalewide, "^ho fnrlher 
refined the ranks The^e rBnks Brc nol 
'>lalic bul will change bs moic 
communily informal ion is collected Fiom 
Bcioui lbiest4le. 

Eich individual wetland communitv 
occunmec wa^ also ranked in1o one of 
four c alego rie^ (A, B_C_orDl using b 
protocol developed by The Nalnre 
Conserv'Bncy |The Nilurr Con-^crvanev 
lyySl Communily "^iic, CO nd I txjn, and 
lBnd^>CBrecon1ext were used to rank 
each community occnrTcncc- Each of 
lhese fac1op> wascvaluilcd for each 
community and assigned a rank of A to 
D^ and then lhe ranks of ill lhe factoTS 
were Bvcraged tor b Hnal communaty 
occurrence rank Communilv 
occun^nce ranks are not prc5ien1ed in 
ihis report, however^ ibiev arr available 



upcnreque^l Community occurrence 

ranks were not explicitly used for 
ranking si1e^, bu1 lhe community 
occun^nce ranking fictors were 
considered during the sile ranking 
pnjce^>s fsce belowl_ 

Wetland si1e^ were ranked using 
methods similar to those used to rank 
wetUnd'> in Idaho ind Washinglon 
(Washinglon IDepirtmeni of Ecobgy 
1991-JankovskvJoncs 1997-Chadde et 
al L99£r- Each wdlandsite was 
evalnaledon 5 factop> (Tabfc l)_ Each 
factor al eichsile was assigned a scorr 
of to 3. and then all scores al a site 
were summed lor a total ranging fromO 
to 15_ Prc5iC nee of Fire species as well 
their degree of rarity influenced the 
rarity ncore; for example, presence of a 
single globally ri re species was ra1ed 
higher than presence of a single state 
rare ^pccicji The condilion and 
landscape conlexl cfall lhe community 
occun~ences al a site was considered 
when assigning the condition and 
uplands ^>cores_ respectively The scores 
of ah the sues were then arranged fiom 
highest to lowesi, and 1 he distnbulionof 
scoi^es was divided into qnarliLes Each 
of these quart lies dcEined a category cF 
sile quality o r s ig nific a nc e. The four 
calegoncs are described below. 



\stAB T Uetinifan&and drjcria tor ranVing £lCciaccwdinglodftgr*fto'*co'dgical sis-iilcantt j 


CRtTEPIA 


DthlHISlON 


(MD3GATOR3 


RANKhNG SCORES 


Richness 


Hsitiilal djvef 5ily wilhm 


> A££«mblaQ6 ol numan^us 
pisnl communities wilhin 
Birgl^ unit of Cow^rdri'? 
ClE3:&biriLrci'j4jn 

• A$$efrtiiafle gf ptant 

ccmmunibes of ecological 
features (e.g. Desv^r 
ponds, pcattaruls. lakos) 
within sevef^f unte of 
Coward m's clat&incalkirh 
(-high structural j 
ditfBfSity] 


3 Site haB h^ti dNsr^Hy at vegetalion types C4~ weltarK] features. 
2 SiLo has a modorala diversity of veyalatiDn types or weiland 
, features 
1 . &te ha6 Hjw diversity of vefletelion types or weHarKl features. 

r 


Reirty 

1 


PrBsence of sEale rar? 

plant ccrnmumt/, planl 
DT ^r^imal gp6Ci«g. and 
*^^e of ranty 
1 


• H*gli concentrallon of 
slate rBr€ pIsrE or anHnsl 
speoes 

* Praserh^ ol globally rare 
speaes or comrr unities 


3 Site rh^a hl^CDnCAntrationDtraraspactesorGDmmL^ntljes. 
2. Site ties moderate concenfradon of rare species or commumtjes 
1 SIto Fb^s Ic^ ooncantratlon ol rar« fipdf^^ or cccnmunhios 
Srte ties ne r^re species or communities 


s > 

> 


Conditicn 


Extent [Q jri~iich srta 
ccnditKtTia (a g. 
pracefins, 
communtties} depart 
from rang? of neiural 
variation 


Pra^EnDG of on-^it^ impacts 
(eg. exotics. grazing, roads, 
ditchmg, imgstgn wrttiEti?^^!, 
Kecreatisnal use. timber 
hsfVMt) 


S Site in exDallent Donditior; human impacts atKent nr mETimal- 
?. Site In good condftfon; some Impacts apparent 
1 Site in pixN" condition, mgny impacBs present 


"S&i 


^V«aL K<tent oT vrtlland 


Acreage 


3. Site Ls large (:'4y acres} 

2. Site fs moderalety large (£40 acres) 

1 Site IS sm^li 1^1? acre^) 

Sita 15 very small (<S acres] 


Upl^d$ 


Larvjuea In surrcHjndmg 
uplands 


Pres^ce oT oFT-sltfr mpacts 
(e^ Umber harvest. roBds, 
IHI1H&. non-nativA 
VMelallon) 


^ Site wft^ minimal oTf-sfle impacts 

2. Site wtti modfrata level of of-flDa hpacts. 

1 Sltfti.iAhhlghlwilofofr«Mlmpact$. 



OVTSTAUDSHG StGMftCAfiCE 
Silcs in this ci! ego ry rc[irc^>cnt the most 
ccologicallv significant wclLands in iKc 
survey irca_ These wclLands arc large 
and composed of a djvciyc arriv of plfln! 
communLtics and o1 her Jinpo rt ant 
^dland features '>Lich is pcallancb, 
bcavcrponds- and springs, which 
provide B divcisLty of hibjials for 
wildljfc- These are pristine sites which 
ivptcfllly provide hflbitBt for 
CO IK. cnl ral lo ns of St B tc rare pJBnl ind 
Bnimal species The welLand jJtnt 
communities al these sj1e'> ire generally 
jn exeellen! condition There are 
minimBL i n1 hropc genie influences At 
lhese sites, so lhe weUand Functjons ire 
largely inliet and most hkelv fall wilhin 
lhe range ofnBtural viriBtion FinBlLy, 
lhe uplBnds '>iirioiJiidjng lbiesesite'> lend 
1o be Fairlv intaci, ihiis maintaining the 
files' hydiDlogic regime. Impacts to 
lhe'>e '>itcs arr not fullv miligable. and 
Bnv B Iterations 1d '>iich sites couki IcBd to 
^ignifieint degradation 

VERYHHillSKiflSffCAHCE 

Wetlands in this ci lego r^ are generally 
composed of diverse , high quality plBnt 
communilies. but they Bre d isl ing nished 
fiom the previous e alegory of wel Lancb 
by having 4 larger degree of 
Bnthropogenie dbiturbmceejlheron- or 
ofF-^ite (e g fciggjng jn lhe uplBnds near 
lhe "lite, grazing on b pnrHonoF the site^ 
etc 1 The y m By snppD r1 conce ntritions 
of si ale TBre pliiil or animal spccie'>, Bnd 
lhev tend lo be hrge Most of lhe 
wetUnd plant eommunitie?i al these s]tes 
Bre m exeellen! condition, but a lew may 
hBv-e some moderile impBCIs 
Impmvemem in rrsouiee mBnagement mX 
lhebe ^iles. such a'> changing grazjng 
mBnagemem plBn^or reducing trapping 
pressure on beaver, x^'ould improve lbie 
D verill suiie of wetland fLincitons at thb 



tvr^of site and could pu1 I hem on ■ 
trajectory to become Bn OulsHnding 
sigujficance site 

High significance sites lend I0 hBve 4 
lDwerdivep>ily of typebof welLand plBn1 
communjiies ihaneilherof the two 
previo us ei1 ego nes. ill ho ugh I hey si ill 
tend 10 be large. These site'> miy 
support popul B tions o r rarr plants and 
animals, bul ibiev usuallv have fex^'er 
diffcrcnt species ihan x^-ellands in the 
two pfTvious cilegoncs. The degree of 
anthiopogenic disturb B nee 41 ihese sj1es 
tend^ to be Sim il Br to that jn lhe pfrvjous 
c alegory. Most of lhe well Bnd plant 
eommunitie?i at these sj1es ire in 
exeelleni condition, but a few mav hive 
some moderBte impacls BecBuse the 
plant communities at these tvpes of sites 
tend 10 be Less diverse, these siles ma^ 
be the mos1 ippropriale models for 
welland rrslorilion projects, ihey 
provide good eximples of lhe 
djElnbutJon and com[y^silion of common 
nBtJve wetlBnd communjiies, Bnd they 
could dko ikCrve as seed sources lor plant 
niAleriai. 

MODEMIiSGWftCAfiCE 

These sites arr sjmiUr lo High 
signiFicince sites becBusc theydo not 
hB\e 4 very diverse irrav of 
communities and I hey harbor few rare 
species However, iheiic sj1es are 
generBlly jn poorer eondji ion ihan High 
signiricince siles, tor inslance, lhe^ have 
morr communjiies influenced by erotics 
(e.g rrcd e iniiygriss o r rrdlo pi or with 
simple structure (e g ciUail 
monoculluresi Although ihese sjte^ 
tend 10 hive lhegrcate?i1 level of current 
or hislorjc on- ind oftite impacls, their 
iBfge size stjil mikes them good habitBt 
lor waterfowl And some types of 



10 



^j]iJ]jfc Dc'>pilc liBviiig been impacted 
to ^>omc i:lcf.rrc_ thc^c ftctlind^*itill 
provide jmportinl wclLand fLinctions 
bc^jdc^ wildlife habilal^ ^uch fl^ 
modcril ki n of jTcak Flows or removal of 
compLiunds and portico] Btc^ AdjBccnl 
or nearby wclLand^ thil hive been 
degraded arc good cindidilcs for 
mjlLgalLonMlc'>^ bs lhcir rc:£lorBtioii 
^oold Bdd to lhc lotaL^ctlind icrcigc at 

the "iLtC. 

TAXOmWCCChSiDERATiChS 
Wcgcncrilly u^cd Hjichcockcl al_ 
f 19691 lo jdcmiFy plBnt species in the 
Hludy Brci However, jn keeping with 
The N al u re Conscrvi ncv\ Nal tonal 
Vegetation CLas!ijfk:BtJon fAndci^on ct 
aL I99B)_ we followed the synonymy 
pre*ientcd by Kancsz ll994f_ There 
were two esceptjon^ to this usige: for 
B^'^it^A gtairdiff^j^ia^ we uiicd FLor* of 
North Americi I L99T1, which pfovjdes b 
more rrcent IrrBtmenI of the genuH 
BefitfiA. 

A common well and sedge . usually 
referred lo 4h bciked *iedge, was 
erioneoiislv called C^frcx to^frala in 
previous ^ludieii In this repsrl, rhe 
spceic^ b> named CVjJd^x ifSfrc'AiiaSa 
|Grjffitb> 1989) AL>o, FdVd^sp 
(sprucel b> used to ineLndc Ft^ea 
en^ehfrannir^ Picen gfauci^^ knd hybrids 
PBubenmirc 1974). 

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 

comuNmES 

Welland 4iid riparian pLanl communities 
found m the slndv area 4 re dispLavcd m 
Table 2 Allhough wc followed the 
c [a^ ifjc al lo n de\e Lo pcd by Hin^en et al. 
(19951- we spin into separile plBnl 
associalions ^>ome communiticji whjeh 
H4n'>cn et a1. (L995r lumped inlo one 



eommunily type foi minBgcmenl 
pur[y3ses For in^tanec, we split the 
Ctirex rr^vTn'jrtr hibj1a1 lypc [Hansen et 
aL L995r jnto three phm a'>soci4lion±] 
Carejc iitt kiitat£A^ Cutex ve^k:ariij^ and 
Ccrrfj rt/fr^'rv^J^r Herbaceo lis VegetBtxjn, 
and we split lhc Be^iffa 
g^^^ Jjj^^jiuj/Ccjj ^x r^^trtii£A habitat t^pc 
m1o lhrce plant as'>oc i al lo ns as well. 
Be7it!£A ^airditf^^^xr^Careji uf^lcufi^fa^ 
BeUt^A fffffir Jw'^Awr/Crt n7_i ^n^fckfi and 

ShnjbUiid'>. Lumped plBut Bs^ociations 
werespljl ou! forgrealerclBrity in 
dcTicnbing vegelation al ciehsjie Plot 
datade'>cribjng ibiese pimt liiSocjAtioiiik 
li. on file alMTNHP. 

Our Treatment of commnnitjes no1 
dcseribcd b> Hansen el aL 1 1995) 
depended on whether they had been 
prev lo u^Ly dese nbed eLsewherc. For 
eommunities thil Bre described in 
ano I her cl Bs^iFie A1 Kn n leg. Thuja 
y!iL{ft£AfL\^ichrffjn cr?Fr^jiLtfjrcr^"|Kunzc 
1994-Utzigel il- 19B6])- we entered 
eommunilv information into EC ADS 
and BCD and added the phnt BssocjBtJon 
to the li'>t in Tdble 2 Undeseribed 
eo mmunil les whjcK we r^[^4tedly 
eneountered 1e g Bi.'iit!a 
fi^^rt Jjj Jj'jAd/Ctjj d'x Citric UFi were 1 rented 
in the SBmc manner FinaLLy for 
undeseribed commiJiiJlie'> which we 
eneounlertd onLy rBrel^, we ire 
maintaining 4 running list oFdomjnanee 
types Community pki1 dila '>iipponing 
aLL CO mm unities not described by 
Hin^netBl (1995) is on file at 
MTNHP 



11 



T^1b2 Wetland pbm «] mm un'rtea and Iheir con^rvalbn lanka For Fbtheed wetlancb arran^dby 
Cowardin ByElem cIb^ andsiiicla^ 



ScemFL Name 



Common Name 



FlariL 



PALUSTRINE FORESTED COMMUNITIES NEEDLE-LEAVED EVERGnEEN 



F^oj 911 BqLi»JuiT7 jrwnu 

F^oj 911 Bi^rrr JriThzif^rr? 
Pcc^ 911 Ly?tUijiT7 jrTT0rhr^iL^T7 

riYuj J pit JJ J ^AHIiJrUA' hor^ffuiT? 



Gia-Kj hi ad^ km 

StM>:4i4rE IrBlLKjD^nl r^tdcrau 

3dEVr>= 1r>L^±r:>:hx ^o 
3t±4)kK Ir1>tvll^ dLJ> 
3t±4)<rv Ir CI:qi4E^1 hl5^ d sUk 
SpnuE SLE^nl n tdcr^ss 
S|vu:e etadl^ 
Spnxt'Rtd cclcr d^giMKKJ 
SpnEE f K U hixsftri 
Sprixt 3;Ht<l5CEnhdbtdtfrow 
SpvuiE ShLnhczfitair 
WE^^m r^dii^cbr Lad^larn 
WE^^m r^dii^cbr Oz^ltrn 
WE^ttm r«d«[±v BhLs#:cAbqr 



PALUSTRINE R>RESTED COMMUNITIES BROAD- LEAVED DECIDUOUS 



FopotM^ tu.'£j.T?i'A».^j 55P Jrc^rjru J B^TTrpthnr^jipc] s jCuj x 

r^JAJLi^fj0.71LiJ:i|3»£'^/TT7piYCirCdipi>X J£KI2 



SOCh «]1kHT#l>3li1=lEd iiKJtr cfc^^oixl 

aKh cGlkirT^ixkd htrtoctimE 
aocK colt>nh\'ood Kc^nl dlusid bar 
aocK con:nh\'Gi>l CfHnrmn »ic^;Ht-:rTy 
Qu^rq asptri Co(nrni>n BUAbtny 



PALUSTRINE SCRUB-SHRUE COMMUNITIES HROAD-LEAVED DECIDUOUS 

2C^^ fT^iTI^Jli^J HT^iVA* CLi^itkil 



2C^^ fr^iTtfLiJli^J Hr^rfA* LT5i>rJ.7M 

f^^CA'jn^ Barren 



UDLm^Bi AlEr 

SitioAkr 

Bog UniK-'CLClch'x xtdir 

Bog Urdu's It r>:^r 5tdff= 

Boa UrclrErzAtd »il3t 

Red o»<r [fciir//ood 

j^^Hrc lirti Hctn's Rochy UoLnUnx^fb 

J4:^r-I< ovtd buihticrn 
Btl:t]~5 ^ilk^ 

DfunrmrKTx ;HlhH\ 

DrunrmrKf^ /Hllktw BiLKjoJnl r^Edcrost 

Drunrni>-Kf^ aIIIu/h Btdi^d keW 
3 DTdMT Alllc^/H ^aiTEn 

SDTdKT Allien Mrxlc v^BiJm^d 



PALUSTRINE EMERGENT COMMUNITIES PERSISTENT 
j^rcitf>^ tfci.br7Li0M RtdlDp 

L^E ^UKrTTTIE SVHWtl tfilfnE 



G4S4 
G3&£ 
Q4-T&3 

a4S4 



G2££ 



G3&J 

G40S2 
G3&3 

□ IGSJ 

G767 
G767 
G4S4 

G>^S 
GSS& 
G765 
G4S4 
Q4-T&4 
G4«3 
GX34B3 
GS£& 
GSS& 
GSS& 
GS£B 



GS&E 



GB3E 



12 



C^swv JtfTwmSat 

C^swv ijtJtijl]^ 

□ 0XCttJ7V7XLT C« pldU 

□L/EttPbrn jrunv^JiivL^Ti 

EhXkciY^/ix p jAj sJriF 
EhXKi^/ix mi^^LiiM 

EqL^JXCJljiT7 fXJViMlfti 

GJycora hOTVJXt 

JiVKWI iJjXJCL X 

Fd J p jIj xJriF 

Rh jLrrJ^ jrcirururc J0 



CdLMiUaxEftK 

Watr xtdir 

BiKbDun s s^ilar 
SItrdtr ::Ddff: 
Mud^tdv= 

McbraxK:] s<il3t 

Hdrn's Rochy MixnUn 5«: 

hl^fed stdir 
Tuttod hciJrirsix 
DUIcnun 
Ci>nrni>n sp^hcrLnti 
Btz^it d 5|:4.«rLEh 
WatrrnrxcUl 
Miirtitrn nana^^ix^ 

FdiUI tCKlcy 

K«nh>:hy Ulkctsx 

Re< d c :rarvv:xi% 
H3ds (tm t4rinEh 






G4S=34 



Mo^t cmcigcn! ind ncrub-shrub 
c^ mmunct ics m the sludv ^rca 4 re 
rclilivclv common and widespread- For 
m'>l [incc . so mc conununjly typc:£^ like 
caltBil (T\^ha ia7rf\'}ffa}^ hanttcm 
bulru-^h (Sch^it^ acittiis). rccd 
caimj'grB"^ {Phtrfarh ^m^iilfracei^) *rc 
c\trcmclv common in I he viUcy botlom, 
and mav in fac1 be pro po rtjo n b Lly more 
eommon ihan before "^hite setllePi 
sladed popnLalmg the vBlley CaltaiF g 
known 1o jncreasc jn BbirndBntc jn lhc 
prcjiencc of Lncrci-^ed nutrjen1*i_ 
e^irccjBlly njlro|cn iNeiU 19901, Bnd 
rapid incrcaM:sornLitrient'> ire po'^ible 
wilh ferlilizer rLin-oFf and inpiiK of 
seplir cffliicnt to wBtcr bodici The 
tendency of reed canarygrass 1o spcTBd 
aggressively conld be relalcd 1o the 
nBtJvc orcxolir origin of this s[x:cjes 
MerigLiano and Lesica (1998) 



hypDlbic?iize ihal both native Bnd exolie 

genotypes of reed cinBrygrass e\is1 jn 

thcstBte. wjih the esotjc genotypes 

being rcspDnsible for lhc dense 

mo nocull u res o F I h Ls grBS^ Idund in some 

wetlands 

Olher lypcs of native wetland 
ecmmunilies are less common and hive 
pro b ably decreased jn Bcreage in the last 
150 veBFS Wei meadow ecmmunilies ]n 
villey botloms arr one such lypc At 
many "^Jles jn VBlley boltonis, 
temporanlv Hooded wet meadows have 
been converted from nalive griss 
eommunities Teg. luFted haiigrBss 
(D^hiVrtf ^Fr^j_^ ^ ^e^xiifj^i) and blncjoint 
reedgriss (Cafain^f^ro'^h canade^jsis)) 
to eommuniliesdcminaled by exotjcs 
like redtop 1.4^ rc^vT jt '^fxitxfrrjeia} Bnd 
Kenliicky blnegrass (F{?a ftrtiiensis) 



13 



ALthoLigh mlart mlivc wcl mcBdow 
communjlic^ etc "^IlLI rc Lai Lvcly cd mmo n 
at higher clcvBtJons, vflllcy bntlom wet 
mcodov/Ti thil have been convened lo 
exotica Bfc qujlc common ind rcprcscnl 
a rcitoralLonrhiUcngc 

Anolhcr lypc of wctland/npEnan 
commiinLty ihat haii dcrrcascd m icrcBgc 
m lhc ]bs1 I5U ycBFTi is ^cll dcvclo[vd 
vbUcv boHomrotlonx^'ood rjpBnan forest 
tvrcs(MilschandGo^^cLmk L993) 
Ml ny such communilics in lhc Flalhcid 
hBvc been converted to agnculturBl usc^^ 
urban uses, and '>ubd iv lsjo nt In 
addition, manv of lhc malurr 
ccltonwood communLtJcs lhal remun 
hBve shifted from more [nlBtBble 
undcralor^ sjTccic^ (c g red-osier 
dogwood) lo Ic^ paLalabLespccjc^ lc | 
snowberr^l as the result of pBSI l4nduse'> 
such B*i hvcslock graung rHin^>en ct bL 
19951. Finally, Ruvial proccs^c^ lhal 
lead to the devebpoKnt of eo I ton wood 
botloms. sueh is Flooding Bnd sediment 
deposition have been aflcctcd by 
Hungry Horse dim and bank 
slabiLiznion effbns .^'> ihe resull of 
these Fadois valLev botlom cotlonwood 
forests ire relatively uncomnwn. 

Feathnds are i type of weUand in lhc 
sludy Brei thi1 ire uncomKion bm whieh 
probably have no1 deerrased mirkedly in 
acrrage jn MontBnB (Chadde et al 
199B) MTNHP traeks iheoccurreitc of 
?S fcalland!! in the study Brei fMTNHP 
1999) Severil pcalland!i in the sludy 
aret were ranked using existing 
info nn B tjo n . these *ij1es were no I Held 
invenloried foi this projeet Penlands 
are eomnion jn boreil bjome^, but 
environmental CO ndj1 ions that fivor pcBt 
formation are less eommon in more 
somheriv lat nudes such is I he P^orthern 
Roek^ Mountains For a more deta Jed 



de*icriptJon of the ecology tnd 

e^ reie rval lo n o r pen linds in Mont ana, 

sceChBddeetil. 11998). 

Somecommunjl^ ^yp^^ J" ^^ study area 
appear to be jnlnnsjcally rarr For 
example^ sw amp fore?i1s ^ ue h u> 
spnicc/skunkcibbige {Prcea 
spJLy^ich if t)fr americafiit^) or weslem 
redced ar/skunk c a b bige {Thuja 
p!ic{ft£^fL\siLhrUm fT?Fr^jricrFrcrrl lv pic ally 
eover small icreige^ in areas with high 
wi1cr tables adjaeen! lo Fens, beaver 
pDnds, or at low gradient loeslo pc seeps 
(Hansen elil 1995, Kun7.e 1994, Utzig 
el al 1986). Although some historic 
sw amp Fb resis were pfD b a biy co nverted 
to scrub-shrub wel lands bv limber 
harL'e*i1 Ipcrs. obs |, ihccombinition of 
fictors lhal led to the developfneni of 
this forcjit lypc appears uneommon at 
this latnude Spruce ^wimps in 
Monlani share nu merons spec les wilh 
boreal foresl!i CEllk.lt-Fisk 19SS1, bui 
also hive a marilime influence as 
evidenced by lhe pre*ienee of skunk 
cabbage, a^pecic^ morr common in low 
lying ireis near lhc Pacifjc coa^t 
^iieheocket al 19691. Insomc 
regioni. bo re a I !iwimp fo reii ts have 
declined markediv (H rnberg ct al 
199 B). 

Three emergent wetland communjlies 
appcino be rare jn ihcsitudy arei 
Columbia sedge {Cn^ex af?^FJa). 
dulichjum (DitHchmm anfirdmaceiun}^ 
and beaked spjkerush (Etc^x'han^ 
rfj^eHi^fa) eommunilies Beaked 
spikerush is tracked as a rare plin1 in 
Monlani as well as a rare eommunilv it 
Ls 1 rhizomatous species of alkaline 
substntes Dulichjum is a rhjzomalous 
peal land spccjes, and it is rare mos1 
IiIlcIv because penlands are rare Lastly, 
Columbia sedge is a rhj7.o malo us s ['ccjes 



14 



thil fb nn'> ro mniLinLtJC^ m ■:lcprc'^'>LD nil 
bfl'^jns thflt Bfc flooded intermit tcnll^. 

More info rm at lo n o n thc^c and some 
common wctlBod communitjcs ih 
avail flble jn Append l\ D 

The following pBragrBpb> provide 
general deserip^iorei o f oiafLi r ^ c tli nd 
plant Lommunilies lo the Mudy irea^ 
organized by lhe pHLuMnnc eLa'>ses of 
CowBrdinet al (I979|- 

fORESTED VEGETAWH 
RjpBnan ind ^ctlind forests lo the stud^ 
areB arr dominated by both nccdLe- 
Icaved Bod broid-leaved deciduous 
vcgetBtion. IslBnds Bod allovjil temccs 
along mijor riven^ like the FlithcBd^ lhe 
Swan^ Bnd the SuLL^Btcr arc dominaled 
by s tinds o r b I ack cotlcmwood (P^^fMthi^ 
Ixi! sa? ff if *fr£^ ssp_ irrc'hi^a^f^^f) and spruce 
(Ficea sp.)- and weslcm rcdccdir (Ttrifja 
pficati^) or grand fjr (Ahle^ ^r^^^iii^) 
occBsionallv domjnitc^ low elcvBtJon 
tribLitaries Lo^ grBdient '>ti'eaii:[S al 
higher elevations often hBve rjpBrian 
forcTit c ano pie'> do mjm ted by '>Lib4lpine 
fir (Abie^ !£^^r^M.atj^a)^ while higher 
gradiciil streams rreqnenlLy hBvc nam^w^ 
[yjori^ dcvclorcd ripiriBo arrBs Poorly 
drained ^itcji on the margins o f fcns, 
beaver pDnds_ or loe slope seep*> arc 
usuBlly domiiiBted by we1 spruce foresls. 
or by bhekcotlcnx^'ood Bnd "^miller 
amounl*^ of -spruce, which eventufllly 
replaces CO tlonwood al such sitc^_ 
Fothcle lakes often have 4 nBrrow fringe 
of bUck co1 to nwood. quaking aspen 
(Fi^iiiiis fteiTJiiU^id^^} and/o r weste rn 
redccdanhal quickly gives way to 
u pi Bnd forest because of 1 he grBdient of 
the slopes around these sites. 

SCRUB'SHRUS VEGETAWH 

Riparian Bnd wetland shinb lands in lhe 
siudy arei occur iJi j^ailands, from 



terrace-^ 1o lhe ictive floodplain oflow 
and high gradien! streams ind rivers. 
annund beaver [y^nds^ Bnd on the edge of 
mBrshc^^ [y^ tholes, and lakes 
Drummond's Willow (S^^iix 
dniinmtjffd raffia) hi the mos1 common 
willow species found in the study irea, 
slands of Druniino nd 's wilkiw ire Icund 
on terraces of low grBdient streams and 
rivers al mid- elevations and higher and 
B£] a mosaic wilh m4P>h vegetation iu weT 
meadow complexes (which ot1en hBv-c 
some bcBver iuRnencel. Bebb's willow 
(Sa!Li behhiaira) Bnd Geyei's willow 
(Sa!ic ^es-'^ritiffti) are much less common 
Bs dominani fipccics. Sandbar willow 
{SaHc exr^ita) slands dominate active 
gravel- Bnd SBnd-bBrs MonntBin Blder 
(Alirif^ irrcafia) and red-osier dogwood 
(C{?T7iiis ^crk^'ti) dominale eommuuilies 
ak^ng higher grBdient slrcBms^ Bnd bolh 
mount Bin akier and ilder leaved- 
buckthom {Rh^frnfrif^iAiniff^k^) form 
ccmmunilieson lhe fringes of feus ind 
iBkes Bog birch (Echiitr ^hmdith^^t^ij is 
a common shrub eomniuuily on 
peal lands 

EMERGEHTiHERBACEOiJS} 

VEGETAmti 
HerbBceous cmergenl vegelalion in the 
sindy area is lypieallv Ibund g]~owing in 
a variety of sellings, including pcBthnds, 
mBrshes, p^thi>les, beaver pouds, wel 
meadows, lake-edges, o xbc ws, and 
sloughs This Ivfeof vegetBtion usually 
occurs Bs B complex mosBie of 
juDnoeiiltu]~es. due to the rhizomatous 
habi! of lUBny of lhecons1ituent species 
Slendersedge (Carex !£^^k^Ltrrp£^]^ 
BusbBiim's sedge iCtjjd'x i^tJihc^itmif]^ 
and mud sedge (C^rex H^fr^j^a) arr three 
sedges lhal cm dominate portions of 
fens ind sedge meadows. Marshes in 
the si lid y arra 4]~e lypucallv dominaled by 
c ait ail (Tyyha inir/jjUij}^ haidstem 



13 



bulrush (Sch^it^ aciihi^). beaked Ecdgc 
[Carejc ittt fi.itfata}^ jnflalcd ^cdgc {Ca^ex 
ve^karia}, and awncd !icdgc {Carejc 
athet{?de^) Wc1 mcidow^ ire 
frcqucnl Ly do minalcd by cnotic^ like 
rccd c anarv^g ras!i (Fh^^itiri'^aMin^ffni^cFa) 
or rcdtop 1.4 j^ ^r^h-T ft '^fji^mrfcra}^ or by 
notjvc gras^c^ bkc luflcd hBirgriHS 
(D^schafffpsk^ i F^T j//jSL'dl or bliicjomt 
rccdgriss (Cafain^f^ro'^h c{fn{f{f6fn^is) 

AQUATiCBEDVEGEUmN 
PBlu^lrinc^ LaruHt n nc ^ ind Rjvcrinc 
aqualic bed vcgctatjon occut^ m liltDia] 
f< 2m) and limnclLc O 2ml ^onc^ of 
fonds ind likoi or on I he bed of slo\^'- 
movmg pcrcn nj B L !i trcams in the itudy 
ami. An Bqnalic commLinLty 
classifies tion for^cslcm Monlans and 
northern Idaho bi m prcparBtJon iPicrcc, 
[^[^ comm_) Whal follox^'^ ire some of 
o Lir obscrv 41 lq ns of aqu4l \c do mm b ncc 
t^pcs m the iiludv arca_ Yellow [^nd lily 
(f^itphar jxf^ \7ii^{fhiin) ^ 4 flo b tjng-lc av cd 
spccLcs^ b> a common dommBnt Bqnalic 
■species Wilcr miLfojl (Myrifjfxhj'Hiiin 
vetticfifatiiin) ind mBrc'si tBil (MfftfMitf^ 
viiigatf^) dominate £omc aqnalic 



CO mmnnjl iCi ind arc uiiuallv completely 
submerged or parlly cmcp>cd_ Coonlail 
[C^rtik?^h\ifitm Jfmf^njml, fcnncl- 
Icavcd fondwccd {Pf)T^t?iftgei{^ 
pecIm£^fXis)^ Illinois pondwccd 
(F^faimj^ehjff fiffn^M.'ff'^i^)^ ind Chata sp. 
(an algid 're dominanl in other aquBtic 
{^ommunitic^i and are most often 
completely '>ubmcT3ed. 

RAREFIANTS 

Forly-two plan! species which are rirc in 
Monlana ire known from the '>tudy Brea 
(Tabic 3, Heidel 1999) Oflhcie/onc 
(Asf^!enmm Irrc'h^.fm{fn6'^) is beheved to 
be extinct, and 6 ireonlv known fiDm 
historic collections |.4fj^WFX fmncaia^ 
Carejc tincta, Cu ^mm bre\^hi\iif?fr^ 

R^^mi^^iiht^ i?ci^fr^it^}. Of the 
remaining spccjc^ most fB II gene rally 
inio oneof Iwo groups: species with a 
boreal orcircumboreBl dislribnlion 
which are restricted to [^allands. or 
aqnal ic spec ie!i Several moonwort^ 
(BoiryL-hmm "spp.) al-so occur in 1 he study 
area, they tend to be more Icircslrial 
spcches^ bul can occur in riparian fbrrslfi 



T^[e3 Rbib Flora cf Fbl head wel lanc^ and 1 he ir cc rr^ival on rnrk (^ indLBlesan h^tonc 
occurrence of b ^»cieB Ihal abD occ uib ot9ev4iere in 1he state} 



Scbmic Name 
Amsrorcbis rolumMoff^ 
Aspf&nkjrT} tfk^homsnes 
Atnpfex fTdjrTc^fl 
B}dsn9 hecku 
BaiQychfva? campesire 

BaiQychtiyn m^gan&ns& 
BaiQychtiyn morflamAT? 
Ec^c^ftUT? paradoxtJfrT 
Era&eaij ac/trederr 
CarsK ctyordof^t][za 

CarsK ft^jdfl 
CarsK paupefcula 
CarsK pfa\re3 



Common Nan'e 
Rou ixJ- leaved Orahrs 
^idanhair Spleenviorl 
Wed^-baved ^Ifcush 
Bec^ Waler-mar^kJ 
Prair^ Dune^^orl 
Wavy Mccrrwari 
Min^n la^ixJ N^:x>nvA>n 
U^unlain M:x>nwort 
Peculer M:x>nwon 
Walers^ieki 
Creeping Sed^ 
BrEll^ Sed^ 
Pa^ Sedge 
Poor Sedge 
Praire Sed^ 



Rank 

G5S2S3 

G5SX 

135 5H 

G4&2 

G3G1 

G352 

G4S3 

G352 

G2S2 

135 S2 

G552 

G5S1 

<35S3 

G553 

G5'S1 



16 



Csrex syT?cf\ocephaia 
C^SK It net ^ 
Ct^B\um brsv^Syhjm* 

Cypr^?fl±UTr psrvfffoTiyn 
Cypffped[tjfr\ psssennxjm 
D^ceera angtica 
D^opt^fs c^^tala 

Epipsctfs g\gantea 
Enophorxm} gracffe 
Het^fsnlherB dubss 
Ho\j\^0i{ia ^quaijfis 
apana {oaseJff 
Myceotis v^fn^ 
N^as guadaiijpsnafs 
Nymph^ea fefrapo/ij 
Oph\Qg{cfSsum pijatiium 
F&iasstae frtg}dtjs ^ nfvai^ 
Fatamogslof? obtuaffoJ^ 
f^afHjncutus peiafkkjs^ 
Sch&uchzsna pakjstr^ 
Scirpisa caspjiosi^ 
Scirpisa autfSam\}f?ai]B 
Utrkyufarta jnJejTneda 
^}Qfa renJfoiia 
Wo^a cofumbiana 



lifeny-hea^d Sec^ 

Shon-El^lEd ThtBlie 
Red-rcol Flelse^l^ 
SmBll Yelbw Lsdy a-sl ^ifH r 
SpBrrow & Egg Lady s-al^iper 
EnglEh Sundew 
Biic^^r Fern 
Be^-Led Spherush 
GBm Hellfborine 
Sleru^r Colbngra^ 
Waler SlBr-giE^ 
Waler Hov/ella 
Loe^l 3 Twa>blade 
EBi\y Fo rgel -Me-Nol 
GiBffakf» WBler-nyrrph 
Pygmy WalBrlily 
Ad^ra Torpgue 
PBlmale-t^vBd CoH^ool 
Blum-k^ved Fond^x'^ed 
Honhern ButlBrcL4> 
PodgrHES 
Tilled Clii^-riis^i 
Waler Bui riis^i 
F^-kaved BbddenA-cirt 
K kJ ney - ka V ed V n ^ 
Colu rrijta Wsler-meal 



G451 
G451 
G4S1 
135 5H 

135 S3 

G4G5S2 

G5S2 

135 S2 

G5S2 

G4E2 

G5B2 

<3551 

G252 

G551 

G5B1 

G5S1 

G5S1 

135 S2 

G5T^S1 

G5S2 

G551 

135 S2 

135 S2 

G4G5S2 

G551 

135 S3 

G5S2 



RAFEA!^iMAiS_ 

The ^4lcT^hcd'> included in ihiE 
mvcnlorj' provide x^'ctlflnd habitBt for 37 
animal ^pccic^ of special concern x^'ithjn 
Monlana (Tabic 4j_ Two of lhcsc 
(Yellov/stonc CulthioBt Trout and 
Snipping Turtle) are no1 nali^e to the 
arci Yellowstone Cunhn^at arc 
apparc nl Ly rc^l ricliid 1d Echo Lake in I he 
Flalhcad Lake wilep>lKd_ There is no 
evidence thil Snapping Turtle-^ Bre 
reproducing x^'herc ibicy have been 
inlEdduced near K4li'>pc LL^ iliso in the 
FlalheadLakc wileiHhcd- The 
renmnjng 35 *i[x:cje!i native to the 
wilershed^ use welLand habit Bt^ lor 
breeding ind fbraging to various 
degree-^, o r pas-^ ihnniigh them dunng 
migration. 



Non-breeding spec les th^t uliLize 
wdUnds in the-^e watersheds for 
Ibra^ing orduimg migralion (ind more 
locil movementsf incLnde American 
Whj1e Pelican, Trnmpeler Swan, 
Harlequin Duek, Bl Be k-nec ked Suit. 
Frink Lin's GulL Forster\ Tern_ and all 
of the lUBminals e\eep1 Nonhcm Bog 
Lemming. All of these bird species 
breed elsewhere in Montana ^Harlequin 
Ducks probably bred in the recent pBS1 
wilhin the inventor^' btcb and slill breed 
in several adjBecnl x^-atcrsheds) Species 
like Che Gra> Wolf, Grizzly Bear, North 
Amenean Wolverine and Lyn\ may use 
nparjBn arras, especially in the Swan 
and Stillwater waleisheds . during 
■seasonal and annual movements bul are 
not e-^pccially dependent upcn them. 



n 



T^[e4 Rare am rr^^ BS9:>CBled wri h F^lhead we1 bnds arxf Iheir 


con^rva1»n rank 


Common J^Bme 


Scienii c Name 


Gbtal 


5la1e 


FiBh 




Rflr+: 


Rri^ 


Shorlhead Scut>in 


CoSltJS canf^^tjs 


G5 


S3 


Velb\valoneCifl1hrDBl Troul (1^ 


QnccrhynchuB cJsrkf bouhrten 


G4T2 


S2 


Bull Troul 


Saivef}fHJS cofTftu&ntuB 


G3 


S3 


Monlana ^ml (c G raylfr^ 


ThymsffiSB Brctictjs montams 


G5T2Q 


SI 


Amphibians 








TaiMFrag 


AsosptKJS /ruaf 


G4 


S4 


Weslern ToEd 


Bufobor&as 


G4 


S3S4 


Mori hern Lacpard Frag 


Rsna pp^iTS 


G5 


S3S4 


Reptiles 








Sn^iping Turl^ {1} 


Cbefydra sa'perrtTiTJ 


G5 


S3 


Birds 








Common Loon 


Gau^¥77/7?«r 


G5 


S1 52B SZN 


AmarKian Whrfe PelKian 


PoiecsmsB exythrorhynchoB 


G3 


S2BSZN 


Graal Bliie Heion 


Ard&s herod^as 


G5 


S4B-SZN 


BfeA-c rowrpad Nigh1-heron 


Nycticorax nycticorwc 


G5 


S253BSZN 


While-faced IbE 


Pfegad& cMtr 


G5 


SIB SZN 


Tnirrpeler Swen 




G4 


S2BSZN 


HHriequin Dixie 


NBJTrtHf^tug hisfiTonrcdis 


G4 


S2B.SZti 


BakJE^b 


Haffss&tus ieucQcephaiiiB 


G4 


S3B 53N 


Peregrine Faton 


FafcQ p&^0gnfH^ 


G4 


S1 52B SZN 


Bbi^-rpEK]kEdS1iH 


H^mamopi^ mexjcantjs 


G5 


S2B.SZH 


Fib ri^line Gull 


Lartjs p^xcan 


G4G5 


S3BEZN 


Ca^an Tem 


Sterna caap^ 


G5 


S2BSZN 


Common Tem 


Sterna hv^TOe 


G5 


S3BSZN 


Rd rslers Tem 


Slerna fosster} 


G5 


S2B.SZH 


B^c^Tem 


Chikydon^as mge^ 


G4 


S3BSZN 


Graal Grey Owl 


St^ix nebijtQss 


G5 


S3 


Weslern Screech-owl 


Oixs kennscoSlrt 


G5 


S3S4 


Bb^Sn^ 


CypEBtudaE n^sr 


G4 


S3BSZN 


Mammal B 








TQi^rF^nd a B^-eared Bel 


Co/yrwr/tfmj£ fownse/icfr 


G4 


S2S3 


Nonhern Bog Lemming 


Synapomya hor&aSs 


G4 


S2 


Gray Wolf 


Cant9 ttjptjs 


G4 


SI 


Gnzzly Bear 


UiHdJS ardos hofnbJJis 


G5T3 


S1S2 


Frsher 


JWartaa psnaanff 


G5 


S2 


Nonh Amercan Woh/erim 


Gufo gijto fusctjs 


G4T4 


S2 


Lyiu 


FeSs lynx 


G5 


S2 


DamseinSeB 








Si^iarclc bliel 


Co&nagrton \f?ter^Qgatiyn 


G5 


S1S2 


Lael besl ^n~F^f ly 


EnaSagan a opt^motocxss 


G1G3 


SI S3 


Malluaks 








Flalheed pcixJer^il 


Stagn^cofa eirodf 


G1 


SI 


Lar^moul h pom^nail 


Stagn^cois efrodfaaa 


G1 


SI 



To wnsc nd\ H L^-c B red Bil brcccl*i End 
hjbrrnBtc^ m cavc^ End abandoned 
mjnc^, bu! otlcn ibrigoi in forest 
openings ovc r !i trc anui and pDndi where 
insects arc abundant 

MobI spccjcs Bre re Lai ively w jdcsprc ad 
in lhese walersheds Several Jifccjcs, 
however arr qujle reslricled There ire 
fe^^er thin 6 ^ite*i 1(^3 ndii orsloiighsf jn 
the FLalhead Lslze waleished where 
Nonhem Leo paid Frogs *il ill occur, ind 
the Northern Bog Lemnnng is known 
only fn>m one Bre* ficvcril fen^f Blong 
Snndiv Creek jn lhe SliLL^Bter 
^4leT^hed. FE>her were e\tiq>4ted fiDm 
Monlana jn itie I920'!i and '>ucee'isrLJIy 
reintroduced at lhree releiEC "titcTi in lhe 
IbIc L950'e. one of the reintrodnclion 
silc?i ^BE jn lbie Swan watershed near 
Holland Lake Cnrrrm distrjbulionof 
Fisher is poorly known, but tvpicilly the 
species IS asHJCiated with mBture spruce- 
fir and cedar-hemkjck ibre^ls 
soKietimes wjlh welLand ind nparjBn 
hBbitit Bo I h d amselRies (Snbardic 
bluet Bnd La'>t,bc?it damselRy) are 
repLided from one locilkm eaeh in the 
Whjieftsh arcaof lhe SliLLwatcr 
watershed fal Whitefi'>h Like ind Blong 
the Whitefish River, respective lyf_ The 
Flalheid [y^ndsnBil is reported onlv from 
Flilheid Like jn '>halk>w mnddv near- 
shorr habjlUs The Largemouth 
fcndsnul ih rc[y^rled from Swan LBke in 
the Swan wBtershed Bnd Upper 
Whitefi^h LBke jn lhe Slillwaler 
w*1ei^hed. thbi spceiesocciira most 
oflen on shalk>w nscky substrBtes 

Resnllsorfaunal '>iirv'e^s conducted as 
part of this wet I Bnd invenloiy ire 
prcTicntcd in [he site dc?ic ripl lo ns jn 
Appendix E Bnd in Ap[^ndi\F_ which 
summarizes the re'>ulls of the carBbid 
beetle surveys jn the study arei. 



CO iV5£fl VA m jV PR 10 RiTJE SFOR 
ECO iO QIC ALLY SIGfiiHCANT 
WETJAf^DS 

S]xty-lKree wctlBnd'> in lhe study irea 
were inventoried durjngl998, and 
:£umm4rv jnlonnition Bbonl 5A- welLand 
siles \s presented inTBblc 5 The 
original 6 J wcl lands ^ere reduced lo 54 
^dlinds for several reihons InseverBl 
cuic?i wctlBnd'> k>catcd neireach other 
were Lumped together due lo their 
proximity and IrcBtcd as a "complex" A 
lew wel Lands thil were visited ire no I 
lepaded herr because they werr too 
degraded ind did nol quiljfv in anv of 
the ranking categories- Furl he rmo rr . 
Ecvcral welLands are ineLnded lha1 were 
not field- inventoried, imple information 
to dcTicnbe and rBnk these site*^ wis 
available from i vBrielv ofsoiiircTi 
including existing Rcseireh Nalnril 
AreB and BolinicBL Si'ccjil lnterc?it Aie^ 
csti bli'>hmenl record'>, unpublj'>hed 
reports fnnm previous fjeld inventories, 
pcalLand records from MTNHP^s 
Biological and Conservi tion Dm 
S>Blem and Chadded al-1199B) 

Several jn~evio t^ eFortE lo idenlily 
EigniHcanl welLands have occurred jn the 
si lid y arcB One '>t ud y jde ntjfied 
ecolo^icBLLy "^jgnjficBnt ^ iters beds _ 
river-Lake corridors and wethnd 
comple^cTi of the Swan Valley u^ing 
exisling informal km 'tOuree'> fFrisscLLel 
al. 1995). the authors identified hrge 
patches of the S^in Villcy lands^ipe 
which conlribnle '>igniFicinll^ to 
bjodiverait^ in the watershed. The 
prcient MTNHP wethnd invenlory 
further refines and complements ihi^ 
previous work by providing "^Jle-spcc tfic 
field invenlorj'dm gathered Bt ^etlind^ 
which nc^l withjn lhe welland 
complexes identified by FriEsell ct al. 



19 



T^IbS SUB rari^in^ maiiB^mE 


int ElaluB and awneishp cf F^head wel^nds 


invenlored in 19^3. 






?iilp 


MarecemE:!! EUHje' 


O^TBrsho" 


WETLANDS WITHOUTSTANDIMj SIGNIFICANCE 




1 fin±Toae Fen 


- 


Ri 


2 inceC^€€h 


- 


SillMEiEr 


a Cbaer Slcugh 


- 


FNF 


4 aegg Creek Fen 


- 


FHF 


5 Hcli^n L^e BSLA 


F^iBllywthnBSIA 


KNF FVi r.TT 


5 Lazy C^ek Fen 


- 


Cp 


7 Lo&1 Creek Fen 


GBJ-dc^leBSIA 


FHF 


S hUlyLske 


- 


Sill^^r 


9. Fbn Creek F€n 


- 


cp 


10 ftrojpre &€€fc CcnrJeic 


- 


Sran- Cpl- FNF 


11 SMsnFbver DeIU 


TWCftesEfve WiR 


FNF USFWSTNC 


12 SMBnFivEf RHA 


RHA 


FHF 


WETLANDS WITH VERY HK3H S IGNI FIC ANC E 




1J Cco±n Creek BSIA 


BSIA 


FHF 


14 Fla1lBadFS>/€f Island 


Fk^faly^M1hnNBU^aJ Atbb^ 
StHlE Geme Freeerve 


WT. Ri. FNF 


IS GaaEfjV^irdtdl^lieGCTTTJex 


- 


FNF Cpl 


16 l^Kwz Meacftiw 


- 


Cpl 


17 Ui^at^ r^ad^r^ 


- 


Stfhnlef 


IB lAjdL^Le 


- 


Pi-WT 


19 Ifape Creek Fen 


- 


Swan 


20 Itrlh Sartci Creek Fen 


- 


FNF 


21 RvH ReBEBm Fen 


- 


Swan 


22 Sinfa^ Creek Bd1>;^ 


- 


FTi KNF 


23 Wax^Beavef-Ffairbiw Lnkea 


- 


E^llwalEf _ Cp1_ FTi 


CcnipJe:^ 






24 Woxthvard Meadi^^.^ 


- 


FVi Swan.Cpt 


WETLANDS WITH HK3H S IGNI FIC ANC E 




25 Beer F^w MeBd>v 


- 


StllME^Er 


S BercpGrdLjke 


FiBhng Ax]c«b& 


Ri-FWP 


27 BcHwn Creek Fen 


- 


FHF 


5E Crys^ Fen 


Wiktfre3& 


FNF 


^ FcclNlla r^lead^hv 


- 


Swan 


ED Lo^nC^eekl^Bdiw 


- 


FHF 


31 LcHver lazy C^ek BDtkm 


- 


Sfllv.Qler Cpl 


32 hJr^rrie FEn 


- 


FNF 


33 Rcurd r^adD^l^adiw Lake 


- 


Cfri. Slllvoler 


^ Sak hlvtn r.ltfsh 


TIC FVeBErve 


TIC 


35 5 iBnnrd C^e^k Fen 


- 


FNF 


3S Sturi^ MeB[i>v 


- 


StIhffilEr 


37 Soulh SariLO Creek Fen 


- 


FNF 


S S^u1l Creek Meecftiw 


- 


Cpl 


S Whielieh Spun Svm^ 


CE 


Ri 


WETLANDS WITH ICDBWTESK3N IF CArCE 




40 Hbs^IWPA 


WPA 


USFWS 


41 BexH^c^ r.leacftwiE 


- 


Cpl 



20 



42 E^ Slojgh 

4J Gccd Creek f^brsh 

44 GcxxlC>€€kTnl:tJlar^ 

45 Ljke hkuse Mescftiw 

46 fAiWerra^r Slcugh 

47 RvHcJ Fkidw 



CE 



Srrvlh Lske WPA 

Bi^eezer F^acknvs 

Upf]er Wesi Fcdc LBZ^Graak 

VtfiLBke 

Wdl Creek Slcu^ 

WoKt Lak€ 



PariBllyAHlmWFA 



CE 



4S 

49 

50 

51 

52 

53 

51 

'Marjagemenl Status: RNA- dsa^iatod rtaBQBrch rOaUrHJ Area: BSIA- c^EJ^Hled BDlaricaJ 
BfKaaJ hle'EBlAjea-TNC-Tf^ NaUre Ccre^r/arc}- Wh" R - rkhcre? 'A'lld^'e felu^i'iVPA- 
WalErlcvH FToljcliGn ^rea CE- CCTiservaiai eaBemenl "Ownership -Nf - Flalhtad 
hktcTEil FcreBl. KNF - KDDlEra rOalcTEl Fccesl U5FWS - Rsh ard i/^kJik SEf>4c« Sfl^ra^r- 
S«^reter Suit FCTtsI Svnan- S-AHnHver Slate Fcresl FWP- MT Fish. Vrtldiie arri Parks MT 
- u rp^Ejg^ led sble land Cpl- ccrfxrale trrtef lard FTi- pifivate 



Ri 

FNF 
Sill^rater 
SillMEter 

FVi 

KNF FVi Sillvnaler 

Sill^rater 

U5FWS Ri 

Cpl SwHn 

Cp 
Swan Cfjt 

FVi 
Sill^ter 



(19951 Two other wcl Land invcniorjcs 
hflvc been conducted x^'hjchcmphi.'iLzcd 
idcntjfic at lo n o F wcl Lands w i th 
signLHcanl waterfowl production 
capBbihtJcs CKjng 1975, Wjltmicr 1986). 
Both studies padiallv ovcrhp the present 
sludy arcH. ind lhc^ bolh identjfv 
pnorily wetlands lor Bcqujsitjon and 
CO n*ierv a1 Lo n CBScnients, bu! I hey differ 
from MTNHF -^ currcnl inv-cntorv 
bcciu-^c they emphasize lhc we1 lands' 
vbIuo is walerfbwl habitat rBther thm 
presence of inUct nBtJve ftctlind plant 
coniniuiiJlLes. 

Detailed info inial ion ibout wdlind siles 
can be found in Appcndjx E, wilh 
hjghljghlssLimmanzed below A nup 
showing geneiaL hicalion^ of ^ethnd 
silcs cin be found in Figure L, with more 
detaiLcd local ions shown jn FigLirrs 3A- 
3E_ Useisof this well and invcntorv 
report shouLd note thai about ^y^of lhe 
wetlands arc on pHvale hnd and 
[^rmbisjon from lindo^nery is needed 
before Bcees-^ing Bny prjvBtc Lands- 



lip JS FAlVDO^G SiGMfiCAfiCE 
Siles in this ci1 ego ry represent the mos1 
ecologically significant welLands in lhc 
Hurvey trci. All of these siles have Bn 
ouEslandingdiv'ep>ily of wetUnd plant 
ccmmunLtJC!i and wetlarul fealiires. For 
exampLc, the Porcupine Creek Complex 
features aspriicc swamp, mBi^sh 
cc mmunil Lcs, bog bjrchcirr, wlLLow 
slands, nch fen communilics, bcBvcr 
[y^rKls, Bnd floBting mals Mosi of the 
siles arc qiiLtc Large, ind bLI but GUcicr 
Slough hBvc some degree of peal I and 
dcvcLopmenl Mosl of lhc fens Bt ibicjic 
silcTi havccDnccntraiions of rare plBnt 
specLCSL 

These wdLands tend to be in rxccLLcnt 
condition, and I he su rrounding uplands 
generally have nunimal humin impicls. 
The Iwo wel Lands lhal are closcsl [o 
being exceptions ire Swan River IDella 
and Ambiose Fen. The former ha^somc 
large reed c b naryg rass stands, old 
ditches which werr intended to drain lhc 
sile, ind roads on three sides, however, 
there arr no dams on the Swin Rjver 
above ihis sjle, thus IcB^jng inlact mBny 
of the fluvjBL processes whjch helped 



21 



Legend for Figure 3. 
List of Wetlands 



Map Legend 



1 Ambrose fw^ 

2 Antice Creek 

3 Glacier Slough 

A Qregg Cr^^t Nn 
5 HlUd^nUkfi B&IA 
B LazyCrMftF^n 
7 Lost Creek Fen 

a Molly Uk* 

9 Plum Cre^k Fan 

10 Pc>rcuDlneCreekCcinipld;t 

11 SwanRlvEFDalla 

12 SvjanFTIwrRNA 

13 ConCanCfeekBSlA 

14 Rflinead River Isfands 

15 Glaciar/Wridlall Kettle C^implDt 

17 McCab« M^i^do^v 

la MudUke 

19 Nc-^fV,3 Crr.^ik Hv\ 

20 Nurth5ankoCJeekF&Ji 

21 PocmPfea^ani Ffln 

22 Sundsv Creek Bonom 

24 Woodward Meadows 

25 B^^P^w Meadow 
29 aianchard Lake 

27 Bowi^n Cr^QkFen 

28 CrystaJF&R 

29 F^ilillLs Uaadou^ 

30 Logan Crask h^aa do w 

31 Lower Lezv Creek B&itom 

32 hJinemiJaFen 

33 Ro UP I d M^ df?o vv- M ea do ;v Loke 
3i Saf6 Harbor Marsh 

36 Sh^ppsrd Creak Fen 

36 Skunk Meadow 

37 SoulhSankoCraakFan 
33 SwjftCre^k Meadow 

39 White 1 1 sh Spruce Swamp 

40 Bla&dclWPA 

41 Bootjack Maadows 

42 Egen Slou^li 

43 Good Craek Marsh 

44 G:]qH Cri^fik TFJlHiri^rv 

45 Laka HouE^ Maado^/v 
4£ MoWa^megtirSk^u^ 
47 Point 0' Rocks 

43 Rilsenburg Meadow 

49 Smith Leke WPA 

50 SqjQGzgrMdadowf 

51 UooerWestForkLazyCreek 

52 V^nL^ke 

53 Woll Creak Slough 
&4 WooJfi Lako 






Wetfandartes 

SUmI 

aOHlBuR^) 

CotL 

Olher DOD 

NPS 

USFS 

Other US DA 

USFWS 

S-|?tB trust lands 

DPWP 

UnrvarEity & jn^titutionE 

Local goverrifnent 

Tribal a Allotlad 

PlumCraak 

Private Con^aruation 

Other pj-lij^^Et^ 

Water 



22 



Figur e 3a- EcQ logicslly significant wetlands in the Upper Stillwater drainage 



■4r«sv^ 



H 
KA 




MTNHP. Mgy 17^ 1999 



Figure 3b. Ecofogjcally significant wetlands in the Whitefish Area 







MTNHP, May 17. ^953 



Figure 3c. Ecologically significant wetlands in the Kalispell Area 



CJ1 




ruTTHK P. May 17. I^gg 



Figure 3d. Eco logically significant wetlands ir the Lower Swan River drainage 



u 

□> 




4_ 



MTNHF, Way 17, 1999 



Figure 3e. Ecologically significant wetlands in the 
Upper Swan River drainage 




MTNHP.May 17, 1999 



Ibrm thcsilc. Ambrose Fcn^ in spite of 

^omc grizing imparls and b major 
hjghwav ncirby, j^onc of ihc largcs! End 
mo-^l diverse fens west of ihc contjncnial 
divjdc in Montana. 

Several of thc^c wctlind^ already have 
:£onie eo nserv al lo n s1 41 us S^Bn Rj^cr 
Research Naluril Are* fRNAl and 
Hidden Lake Botanies] Spceial ]nlere?il 
Are* fBSlAl are prolecled by their 
:£pccial Fore^l Service des ig n b t jo ns Pirt 
of the Svran RiverDelta i^ b U S Fish 
and Wildlife Service WalionBl \k"ildljfe 
Refuse, ind pBi 1 1^ Nalure Conservincy 
Preserve LosI Creek Fen i^ 4 candidale 
BSIA_ hut none of the other '>ites Hbvc 
any proteeted sl4liis Glacier Slough j^ 
an ouls1 ending e^BmpLeof b montBne 
mBFTih wilh mUct ^e1 meadow 
eommunilies ind largely jnlact upland 
forests in the drijnige ]1 qiJBlifie'> far 
Niluri] AreB dc?iignBtion^ bs do the slate 
owned sj1e^_ The remaining OutstBndmg 
quality ^etlBnds Bre m mined ownership 
or privalel^ owned- Conserv a1 lo n o f 
the'>e siles will require col I ahorBtJve 
efJbns between the piu-Bte parlies- land 
trusts^ and/a r pu blkz agencies. 



nejt lo ihe two ^itci hBve been iflccled 
by ro ad-building Bnd timber harvesi 
SjmilBflv^ FLalheBd River Islands^ which 
has Home of the besl-developed 
examples of valley bo 1 torn npBriin 
foresl in the s1ud^ arrB^ bi surrounded by 
urban and ignenltural I Bnd uses. Two 
sites CondonCreek BSIA and 
Gl Be ier/ Windfall Kellle Complex, are 
oulslanding ex Bm pies of glacial polhcle 
p^nds in 4 fo reeled selling 

Mino r e hange'> in mBnBf.emen1 praclices 
at some o f thc^>e sites could put them on 
a trajeclor^ to become OnlsHnding 
significince welUnds. For example, 
changing I he grazing mBnagement 
pracliees al SundBy Creek Bo I torn eouki 
improve I he condition of the willow 
cemmunily at the si1e and stBbilize 
slrcBmbanks Alternalivelv, leaving 
lBrf.er buffci^ belween timber hBcvesI 
UI1I1S and welUnd'> like Lewis Meadow 
would lessen changes to the hydrology 
of such '>ites and reduce potenlial inpuls 
of sediments Only Owen Sowerwine 
N*turil AniB (pan of ihe FlBthcBd River 
IsUnd^l ind Condon Creek BSIA have 
any special co nsen' atio n st Atu&. 



VEPYHiGSISKifiSftCAfiCE 

Very High signifieBnee wethnds shire 
some qnalil les o f O u t'>l and ing 
signiFieince welUnd'>^ '>iich os large size^ 
a d iven>il y o f w etl B nd plani 
eommnmties, orconcentrBtion^of rare 
species Thev are generallv 
di^linguishcd from the former ealegory 
by having a greiler degree of hnmin 
impBels. either on- or off-site. For 
example. WoodwBnH Meadows Bnd 
Poinl Pleasant Fen Bre bo I h composed of 
adivcT^ily of wetland pl^m commiinitic?i 
thai arc in good condil ion fe.g. few 
exotics no grazing impBets, etc 1 
However, ihe conditic ns in the uplands 



HlGHStGKIftCAfiCE 

Wetlands in this e b lego ry diffe r from the 
previous ealegory ehieflv by hBving a 
lowerdivei^ily of wetlBnd plani 
communities and well and feilures; these 
welUnds are also mere numerous ihBn 
those in the previous ci1 ego neii For 
example, Skunk Meadow only has some 
willow Bnd map>h communities, mhcr 
thin lhc mix of eommunilies no led 
above Ibrihe Porcupine Creek Complex 
The High significance pcBthrKls also 
tend to be smBller Bnd less divei^e thBn 
peal lands in the previous eilegories 
One site. Round Meadow-Meadow 
Lake, has some large areis of weL 



2B 



meadow, ilthough nomr piirf^ hivc been 
mvidcd by rccd cBnBrygrBss The 
ccmdition orthr'>r wdlinds and iKc 
'>urTO Lind Liig Li[iLands tcncl^ to bcbLmilu 
to the prcvkms cilcgory 

Only a fcwof ibiQC sitc^ Brc under 
coreicrvalLon management, one b:£ a 
Nilurc Co nscr^' anc y Frcic rvc (Sale 
Hirbnr MBryhr ind Buothcr wjlh a 
conscrvilion cascmcn! (Whjlcfish 
Spruce Sx^'Bmp) BccaLi*»c ihc plant 
communities at the^G t^pcsofhilD^ lend 
to be Lcwi diverse, ihcicjijli:^ miy be lhc 
inosi ippropnatc modrL> Ibr wcUand 
rciloFBtion pn>jcct^_ They provide good 
c xamplc'> of 1 ho di'>trLbutJon and 
compo'>ilionorcommon native wetland 
communitic?i. and lhc^ could also serve 
Bs seed sources Ibr welland plant. Some 
of the siles. whicK have hid some 
hydiologc modiHcalion |hke Round 
McBdow-McBdow Lake) .could serve me 
pctentJBl niitJgBtion siles 

Wetlands m this cilegory range from 
smill 1o hrge, bu1 ihey ah tend to be 
dominalcd b^just b few wetland planl 
communities, and very few sitc?i support 
pcpiiLalions of rare plants or animals. 
Moderale signifjcanee siles tend to be 
less funcliomllv jnlact thm bov of the 
previous ealegones, either beciii-se of 
historic I and uses, exist ing impacti.or 
both- A few moderile "signineance sites 
are m encellenl eondnion^ bol irequile 
smill. while such wellands miv be 
funclionBlly jnlact, their priority for 
eon^ervitjon is s1ill relalivelv low 
compared to larf.e sites lhat are ]ngood 
conditjon. Despjie si>ine of thejr 
impBCIs, lhese sites do provide some 
good hibjlal Ibr wildlife and waleTfbwI. 



Like High signiEleance sites. Moderate 
signiFicBnee sj1es Bre reUlively common 
Of the Moderile quality sites we 
invenlemed. only four ire under 
CO nserval ion management^ two bs 
Waterfowl Pnjduetjon AroBS Bnd 1wo 
wil h eonservi! ion easemenis MBnvof 
these sites hive [^stentiil for restoration 
and/or bs mj1 igal io n sj1es d ne 1o pBS1 use 
by domestic animator because of 
alteralions of hydro bgic regimes. 
Rcjitoralion miy be as simple is fencing 
and allowing nalive vegetBtJon to 
recover. Revegemion, chBnnet 
slabilizalion^ weed eonlroL Bnd 
h^-drologic rrslomion mBy be necessaiy 
and should beeviloBted on i sile 
specific basis 

WE^J^rD5 NO T iPiVEPiTO R lED iNJ998 
.Addilional wellands in the s1udv area ire 
prcjicnl ihBt were not snrveved as part of 
this wethnd invenlor^ projeet RcBdeis 
should no1 infer thBt wellands thu were 
not ]nventoried ire in pjor eo nd itjo n or 
have low fnnclional in1egrj1v The 
pnjjecrs goal wis ve ry spec ific: to 
identify lhe most ecologjcallv signifleinl 
wetLnds in the s1udv area ind priorilize 
them lb r CO nserv B tion^ reslornkm^ ind 
mjligilion Bpplicilions Therefore, 
manv wellands were not invenloned 
because lhev did no I niee1 lhe selection 
criteria- However, manv of the 
unsnrveyed wellands do pnsvjde 
LinportBnt welland fnnelions Bnd arr 
quite valuable for this rcBson akme 

The mBjonty of lhe welland sites in the 
Eiudv Brei whi^h were not in^enlorjcd as 
part of this pnnject ire High and 
Nloderile signifieince wellands Man^ 
of these sjles have been fragmenled by 
roads or hi ve had I heir nalive well Bnd 
plant CO mmunilies degraded by b variety 
of land uses. Othcni ire pri&tine but very 



29 



zmiW and iJoniLnalcid by '>inglc [ilant 
conununit ic^ Thr Hjgh End Moderate 
Eignift: mcc sLtc^ thit ^r did viiiJl irc t 
fiirly rcprrscntiUvc "^i m pic of 1 hcsc 
t^ pes o f wcl Landi Plant communily 
divcrsjly. prc^>cncc o f rirc s[x:rjcs_ and 
^ctlind Ejzc ind condilLon informal ion 
can be suirunBrircd for unsurvc^'cd or 
datB-pjor x^'ctlflnd^ by consulting NWI 
mBpi requeuing rBrc p]Bii1 ind animal 
occuiTc ncc diH fiT>in MTNHF and an- 
silc cviLiialLCinof jmpBcls. 

Wc ire rclalLvcIv confidcnl ihat all 
OulstBnding ^jgnjficBncr h^ctlBnd^ have 
been idenlincd in ihcstudv Brci and I hat 
few lo none of I he unsur^'eved wetlands 
fill in1o lhis ei1egory_ Our confidence is 
bi'^ed on two reBsons Ir ihcdcplh and 
brcadlhof ibic locallv knowledgeable 
mdjvidu4L> who were eonlaned during 
the jnvenlor^, ind 2) using N^l rriBpi 
and aerial pho1o'>^ we jdentjfied Bnd 
inspected large wetlands which hid not 
been menlioned by the bcally 
knowledgeable individnaK- 

This wetland inv'enlory identirie'> ind 

pno rit izes ce rt b in types o f wel I ands and 
wetLnd funclionh and proce^se'>^ but 
some othei typc^of welland*i Bnd 
proce^e*! were nnderemphasized during 
the jnvenlory Beeau^>e of lhe emphasis 
we placed on lirge ^ites.iome smaller 
siles^ hke ^mallspring/'>eeps with nnjqne 
annual phnt communilies (I IDeSanto 
pcrs eomm.r were no! invenloned 
Fud hennore^ so me fluvial processes 
(like deposition^ channel migralion^ and 
flooding) occur at a Urgerseale thin was 
targeted bylhis pnnjec1_ RjpBnan 
eoltonweiod eo mninni tie'> are 
inenlricBbly lied 1e buch processes, and 
the'>e commnnitjes c anno I beconsen'ed 
solely by pioteeting exLsling pilches of 
mtture eottonwood Ibrest. .\reis where 



depjsitjon j^ occurring (where future 
coltonwood si ands will be recrnitedl 
need lo be consei ved as well (Mengliano 
1996) 

HOW THIS IWOHi^AT!0\' CAN BE USED 
The jnlent of thi'> welUnJ inventory 
projec! IS to provide infbnnilion lhat 
will issLSI jn iheconservalionof welland 
diversity ind qnahly The Idllowing 
pDint^ illustrale wi^s in whjch the 
infbnnBtJon from ihis wetlind inventory 
ean be used: 

* Fr^}vkie tr i?rityriik^ l^^i of v\^i!and^ 

This wetland inventory provides a lisi of 
wetUnd '>ile?i thit ih ranked by ecological 
signiFicince. This list can be used lo 
efficienlly priontjze how hmjled welland 
proteclion funds are !ipcn1_ Fore^Bniple, 
this lisl should i'>sisl Und lni'>ts 
eoreiideringconservBtJon ea^>emen1s or 
slale^federal igeneies and cor[y^ri1e 
owners eoniiidering easements or land 
exchanges. 

This lisl of '>igniric4 nl welUnd sjle'> 
identifies welUnd'> lhal ire e'>senliallv 
irreplaceable So me of 1 he Ontsl and ing 
and Very High significance sites eonlain 
wetUnd features like peatlands and 
spnice swamps whose lo^ eould not 
rei I isl le a I ly be nnligated 

High ranking ^itcji on Forest Service 
lands may be good candidates for 
Research Nalural Arei or Bolanical 
S|x:eial InleresI Area designnion. 
Likewise, similar sile^ on ^lale land 
merit conservilion managemeni ind/or 
designation as Natural Areas. 



30 



This Ij^t Lin be u-^cd as a lool by 
coibultinls. wetland ^cicntiEl^, 
w i1 cp>hcd giD u [^, ind government 
agcncic!i to identify reference wetlands. 
Such silesein \ct\c as niodeL>of 
wetland plant communjl^ 
Elrueture/rompoEJIion for rcstoratjon 
projec1*i or 4h *iecd so nrres fbrplinl 
materials Reference wetlands are also 
extremely useful for inferring jmpacls of 
I and use letivjlies. 

Some sites m lhis lisl could serve as 
mjlig*l km sites to hcLpoffsel lossesof 
we1 lands al olher Lccatioiis^ in 
ecmpliince with Section 404 of the 
Clean Wa1er Ac! I use me cascji 
restoring hydrology of lhc site by 
blocking peripheral drainage would 
improve welland fund ion. 

review 

For witershcd-ba-^ed assessments of 
wetland resources^ ihis lisl o f s ig n ific ant 
wetlands and wetland communities can 
help reguhtoTS ascerlain the relative 
scarcily of a pirticular wetland type or 
eommunilv wilhin a waleTshed 

This list em be used as a Tool by county 
planners, regiiLalors. andolhera to help 
inform decisions 4 bout landuse, growch, 

and developmeni 

Some of lhcse siles idenliHed by this 
invenlory could serve as reference sites 
for the regie nal guidebook for slope 
wetUnds bejng developed 

With ihe VrTlland jnvenlorv in the 
Slillwater, Swan-andFlalheadLake 
drainages now complete. MTMHPsees 
two needs for improving Monlana 
wetiinds jnfonnat]Dn s^tems in the 



fiiluie. First, therr is Iremendons need 
for comple tjng lhc Nil ion* I Welland 
Invenlory for Montin* WWl provides 
very valinble informalion on the 
difilnbutjon, sjze, and types of wellanch 
Ibund icross ihe slale_ Second MTNHP 
recommends eon! inning efforts to 
identify ind priontjze eeologically 
signiHeanl wellands on a watershed 
basis fo r o1 her prjo nty walersheds in the 
si ale. Appendix G contains a 
preliminary list of Montana walersheds 
wjlh a preliminiTy priorilizatjon by 
biodiversity value and levelof ihreit lha1 
could helpdirecl future wetland 
inventory efforts- 

HOW TO REQiJESr ADDITIONAL 
INfORf^ATiOPi 

.^ddilionil wetland dm is avaiUble for 
watershed- wide or site spceiHe piojeels- 
Digilized National ^'ethnd Inventory 
maps for some USGS quads in MonHni 
ean be viewed on lhe web 41 I he f^atnral 
Resource Informalion Sw>teni's Welland 
Cleanngho use web page 
(hTip//nrLS_slale ml us/wLs/wisI html)_ 
Hjrd copy mapi are avijiable for 
inspection it U S F W S offices or for 
purchase from lhe NWI Regional 
Dbtrjbul ion Center (60S^88-5B90) 

The following wetland information is 
available from MTNHP: 

* Occurrence informalion forrai^ 
plants^ animals, and niturtl 
eommunjiies 

* Sjle-spccific wethnd community 
information 

* Informalion on ceo logic illy 
signiFieinl welUnd sjles not 
eiirremly under conservation 
management 

* Informalion on ceo logic illy 
significinl welland siles currently 
protected 



31 



For more iDrormalLon. [ikinc canEocI the 
MTNHPInfurmatjjn M*jiifcrjl <40fi> 
444-^009 or via MTHHP^^ ^cbshi: hL 
hl[p-//nri5 -m l go v^j nln hjV In ihccomcnf 
mo n Lhs. scLci: tcci wctlond td~Qrmalion 
ffDm the L991I jn^cnlorj" wlL[ aLw 
bcLomc j>iilabLc vij the MTNHF 

^cb-SLtCL 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 
Miiiy ind Lv id LJ ab CD ntribulnd to \hc 
sucensE of this inventory and dc^icrvc: 
spceia] lhank'>. The foUowjn^ 
individuals were hclpTuI en [iruviding 
information on hjgh quality ^cllonds En 
thc.sludy areB. information on landowner 
contDCIs^ and jcce'>±] infoimHlJon: Gael 
Bi^Hc]], Nea] Brown. Shannon KimbaJ]^ 
FclerLciica_ MirjB MinlBs, Miry Prices 
Kcv]n Shelly Dein Sjrucek, Tob^ 
5prib]|]r. Jack Sunfcrd. and Manlyn 
Wnod- 

Slcvi: C oo [^r, Bonme ETeklcl Fctcr 
Lesici- M*ria MantBs, John Picnze, 
SlE^c Shelly, and Jim Vandcrhor^t iW 
were helpful in ranking wclland 
communities in terms of ranl^ Brad 
Cook ^a^ very grAciewi in providing 
answeis to a ^idc nngc ofgencrBl 
wcduid and bojis questions. 



Thanks bct alio due to John Picnze ind 
Jim Vandcrhoist for thcu~ asEbtance jn 
the field duang thi^i projecl Vcldj 
Welch WIS \er^ helpful in providing 
detailed Nilion^l V/elland In^rnlory 
information Mabel J b nko vsk j"- Jo ncs of 
ihc Idaho Con^rrvBlion DalaCrnler wst 
very geneious with her lime ^nd 
answered manv qLici^lion'^ regarding a 
similjr ivelland jn^en1or\' she has been 
conduelmg We Bre ^Isei grateful lo her 
&r providing many of 1 he wellind plant 
communilv ahsmcrla. 

Thanks abo to Lvnda Saul ind Steve 
FoU"^ fd r pTD vjding prompi nzsp^n^es lo 

numerous quesHons abeul ihe w el land 
grant piDee*Hh, and lo ihesliFf of the 
Monlana Nalural Heritage Fiogram for 
all kinds of helpdunng the izDuise of this 
piMiject- 

ThQ project wis funded by in 
Environmental Proleelion Agency 
Wetland Prolecljon CranI as authorized 
by Seelion H}4(bH3) of the Clean Wner 
.^1. ind adminislered bv lhe Montana 
DepanmenI o f Env iioome n I a I Quality. 



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Fore-il Serviee- 39 pp 
Moseley, R-K , R- J Buisik-F-W Rabe- and L D Cizier 1994- Feallandsof lhe 

Siwioolh Valley, Cu-^ler and Blame Countje-^, Idaho Coo [^ralive Cost Shaie 

Piojeoi^ Sawtooth N aliontl Forcsl , The Nature ConGervtney, ind IdahD Conservation 



36 



DjtiCcntcr-MahoDcpBrtmcntof FishindGimc SNFFunzhB^c OrdcrNo 40-0267- 

J-n?33 64 [ip plus appcndjccs. 
Mosclcy, R K 1995 The ecology of gcolhcnnsl springs m ^oulhccnlril Idaho. 

Unpublished report on fjlc at Ids ho Dcpanmcnl oFFjsh andGamc^ Conscrvalion 

Dila Ccmcr, Bolsc, ID. 47pp. 
Mosclcy, R_K , P I Biirsik- M M^ncuso 1991 Flo ret jc inventory of x^'ctlands m 

Fmnoni ind TclonCounlics_ Idaho QnpubLishcd rcpon on fiLc Bt: Idaho 

Department of Fish ind Gimc_Coreicrvation Dflti Center. Boise, ID 60pp_ 
Mulz, K.M., and J-Quciroz- 19 S3 RipiiianroniniLinLty classification lor 1 he Centennial 

Mounlains End South Fort Silmi>n Rjvcr, Idaho. La^ton, UT Mcjjjj Resource 

Consultants 170 pp 
Nitionfll Occinjc and Atmosphene Admimstralion (NOAA) I993_ CLimalalogic*! dala 

annual siininiaiy, Monlarn U S Deparlment of Commerec. Ashville, NC_ 
Ncill, C I990_ Effecis of nutrients ind ^i1cr levels on emergen! niacrophylc bjomass jn 

a pnine map>h Csnadian Journal of Botany 6 S 1007-1014. 
NcsserJA- G.L Ford.C L. Ma^nBrd, D S FBge-Diiniroese- 1997. EcologKjl unitsof 

theNonhernRegk-n: subsecliois. Gen. Tech Rep IMT-GTP-369- Ogden, Utih: 

U_S_ DepBrtmenI of Agrjculture_Forest Service. InterniountBin Research Statjon SS 

fP 
Fidgett, W G A_P_ YoungbLood and A H_ ^'jnwaid 19S9 RipirjBn eommnnity type 

eLa-SEjficition of Ulah andsoulheastern Idiho EcoL Rep_ R4-Eeol-89-OI_ Ogden, 

UT" (JS_ DepBrtmem of AgnenLture, Forest Service, Inlermounlain Region. 191 pp_ 
FFLster,RD-BL KovaLchik, SF. Anw, Bnd R C Presby 1977. ForcM habitBt ivi^ of 

Monlana Gen Tech Rep_ lNT-34 Ogden IJlah: U_S Depirlmenl of Agriculliirc, 

Fore-^l Service. IntermounHjn Forest and Range E\rcrinient Sla1ion 174 pp 
Fjercc- J_ L986_ Wei Land comninnity lypc clBssiHealionof west-eentraL MonHnj_ 

Review draft on Hie with ibie Eeosyslem Management Frogrim. Q S_ DepBrtmenI of 

Agrkrull lire, Fore-^l Serviee. Northern Region Missoula, MontBna 157 pp 
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Monlana's HO\k^LLIA AQUATIUS [xjikLs Prepared for FiBthcBd MationflLForest- 

7pp plus appcndjceji 
Sinicek, D A , and V C Bachuiski [995 RjpBnan Undlvpestirvey of iKe F[alKead 

Nilional Forest arcB_ MonUn* U S DepBrtmenI of Agrjculturr Fores! Service, 

Flalheid NBtJonBl Forest, Kilispell, Monlana. FBges various. 
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wethnd functions using hydrogeo mo qihic e Lass ific b t lo n_ reference wetlands and 

funcliDUil indjccji WelUnds PescBrch Program Technieil Re[xjrl \K"R-DE-9 U S. 

Army Co rps o f Enginee rs . Walerwav^ E\perimenl StBtJon SS pp_ 
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central [diho- General Technicil Reforl IWT- 1 14. Ogden, UT US DepBrtmenI of 

Agricull lire. Fores! Service. IntermonntBin Region I3K pp 
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Resource FublicBtJon #9?, \K"ishington, D C 
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37 



Tiihy, J_S_ 19S1 Stream boHomcDmrnunjly cLasEjfLCilion Ibrlhc Siwioolh VflLlcy, 

Idaho Mo-^Dw, ID: Univcisity of [diho ZJO pp. Tbic5iiE_ 
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IT- 
U_ S_ Dcpirtmcn! of Agrjculturc.Forcst Scrvk:c 19 8 7 Forest Flin, Koolcnij Nal tonal 

Forr^t Q S Department of Agrtcullurc, Forcsl Scrvtcc, Ltbby, MontBnB 

USDA Forest Service 1985- Forcsl Flan. FlBthcBd NfltJonBl Forc*il US Dcparlmcntof 

Agricull Lire . Forest Servjcc, FLalhcad Nilkmil Forc-^l, KaLispcLL MontBnB Pages 

V Brio LIS 

UlzEg, G F_ et bI L9S6 A field gtiLdc for idcnlifjcalion and jnlcq^irctation of ecosystems 

m lhc Nelson Forest Regkm^ second revtsion Province of British Culunibji, Mimslr^ 

of Forests. B3 pp 
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vegel al Lo n cl BfisiFLci tion USD A Fore-^l Service Generil Technicil Report PNW- 

GTR-:S6 Facifie Norlhvrest Reseairh Slation. ?73 pp 
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eommLimty lypes of lhe Shoshone W at lonaL Forest. Unpublished drifl report prepared 

by ^'^"onnng NilurBl Diversity DiUbasc, TheNalureConiervanc^- and I he USDA 

Fore-^l Service. 12U pp 
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sv^lem for eastern \^'4shington FubhcationNo 9 L-58_ ^'BJihington Snie 

Deparlment of Ecology, Olympji. Washington _^S pp_ 
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Kaniksu NBtionil Foresi, Bonner Counly. Idaho. USDA Forest Service. 23 pp 
We*i1 ec h J 1 ik:_ ind P_ Lesiea_ 19B6 EgBn Slough eonservalioneB-icment documentation 

report Unpubltshed report prepared for The N al u re Conserv anev Helen* _ MT 
Windell.JohnT ,B E WiUaid, DJ Coopcr^SQ FoMer, C F Knud-Hansen. L P Rink, 

and G N. Kihdis. 19S6 An ecological charactcnzationof Rocky Mo unlijn montane 

and *iub alpine wctUnds. BioLogicil Re[y3rl S6(h l}_ U_S_ Deparlment of lnlerjor_Ft&h 

tnd Wildlife Service. Nalionil Ecology Center^ Division of Wild hfe and Contaminani 

Rc^icarch- Washington. D C 298 pp 
W I tinner H. 1936 LBnd acquLslion anddevebpmeni plan. FLalheid and Like 

Co unties- Ocloher, 1986. 
WorU Wjldljfc Fund 1992 StBtcx^-jdc x^-ethndsstrBtegic^ a guide lo protecting ind 

mBnaging the resource Island Fress. Washjnglon, DC 268 pp 
Young blood- A P_ and W F Mue|^Ler_ 1931 A-^pcn commnmtv types on iheBridgcr- 

Telon NalionaL Forest jn western Wyoming. Rc^icarch Paper [MT-272_ Ogden. QT: 

US_ IDep^nmenl of Agrjculture_Forest Scrvjce, I ntermountain Region 34 pp 
Youngbkiod- A P_ WG_ FBdgelt, and A H_ Wjnward 1935 RipirjBn community type 

cLas!ijficBtJonof eislem Idaho-T^cslem W^-oming- Eeol Rep R+Ecol-35-ll I 

Ogdcn, UT US_ DcpBrtmenlof AgriciiLturej Forusi Service, Inlcrmounlijn Region. 

78 pp. 



3B 



Appendix A - List Of Wetlands Identified By Locally < nowledgeable Indivjduals 





WETLAND 


l_CCATHD« 


1 




T3NR20W 


2 


Btaver Lake i^oily 


T31NR22W 


5 


Bg Spnjce IsJBnd 


T2SNR21W 


4 


ftchCk 


TzrHR2lW 


5 


Back Lak« 


T24HR21W 


6 


Banc^rdLjke 


Ta]HR22W 


7 


BariLerst^ ^rea ■.^iancfe 


TJ1HR19W 


S 


Bas^l WPA 


T27NR3DW 


9 


BdoI^^l Lake ^veiancfe 


T31NR23W 


10 


BD^A^nL^Lfi 


TJ2N RffiW 


11 


BD^Iel^LB 


T J1 N R22W 


12 


Cbtsx utiojlBlB marsh 


T J1 N R20W 


13 


CBrreyCt 


T26NRl9Vh' 


14 


Cec^rbtMnlen 


TaiHRaDW 


15 


Cec^rL^Le 


T31NR3DW 


1G 


CfurchSlcugh 


T2BHR3DW 


17 


CcTKtnCk Eolarira] Arta 


T21NR16W 


IS 


CcfHm welBFEb 


TJ1HR19W 


19 


Ccfielle ^and 


T2BNR21W 


20 


CollirwDcxt'SBJi:^ en^ia 


T30HR3DW 


2\ 


Grvslal &rch1en 


TJ1HR3DW 


22 


Deph-iERvid 


T26HR3DW 


23 


[>:gl^Ecl:w 


T33HR23W 


24 


E^n Slcugh 


T2BNR3DW 


25 


OTEnFan 


T25HR13W 


2G 


FBjrrtewlbBh 


T29HR3DW 


27 


Fish LBk€ lEfi 


TMHR24W 


29 


FlEltEAdWPAl 


TZTNRSDW 



REVIEWER CQMMEriTS 



MEfoncic lBk€. very hgh ccrKljci^ly rbel ajltral at 
Ma^ nol be pfiaire bul ^d^xxJveg 

3 f XHTT^ies ol ctp'esaCTial weiBn±- giod ^^ildile 

irrtEfTTiedBle kn. Ice%ig mal remot 
aenal ptiotQ sug^Bl IoIb o1 lAQlEf liliea 
remofc pfisire rd ovEfi^ eKdirg 

anaJI tn lacfr^ Id cotkviwiod botkm 

Isr^ lca#^ rml pasiand cairs nee cotk¥i.^o:>d i^nrian bcltfn. scene w^l da Ljrt»d 
CDtk¥i.^o:>d-qnH« oifTTTi tslan±a1tctdbYl^fr Dam veginbd 
r.lan^HIDWAQUpcvicfe acme w.^ ^ rue b1 seme w.'bul 

felween Owen ScHvervme and Bg Spojce lslan±- ycur^r island 
BDltcnsahvig Flal^ad R . smal doughs 
vef^smail ^n in c«c^ ^^o:>±. lcG#ig. pts%ie 
Lcrg smded QcGbicn pcnd 



Isdaleddc^rO^rlea Jaucfietle Island 
hi qjaJil^ tnripfivat ci^u~emt^ 

aneJI tn burred reni^nly 
Lacustir^ tinge 



a^Knconm. moctfatly ^zed. e:cc. ^A^ldile 



39 



29 


FlElteadWPAZ 


TZTNRSDW 


X 


<3aa3r.'VJlrdtal area 


TaDHRl7W 


31 


GcxxJOc^lb^h 


T3aHR24W 


32 


Ifa^ll Basjn 


TJIHR22W 


33 


Hci^n L^Le >A^lwvfe 


TilHR25W 


34 


Ifcreeshi^ Lake 


T26NRl9Vh' 


35 


U^n Lakc-LeB&BU RMA 


T33N R24W 


36 


Uzy &y 


T J1 N R22W 


3? 


Ldzy C^eek l.faB£in>B 


TJ2HR23W 


S 




T33HR24W 


B 


LfBEauRIi^ 


TZ4NR24W 


4C 


L£X¥lLBke 


T56NR19W 


4t 


Uk1 Oe^ Fen 


Ta5HRlSW 


42 


Lois Lake 


T33HR25W 


43 


Lo^r Laz^ Ck c^ajrB^ 


TJ2N R22W 


44 


U]Cet«UiM 


T33HR23W 


4G 


UiyfBrr^^r Sku^ 


T2SHR3DW 


4C 


I^BcljhV Lsk^ 


TJ2N R23W 


47 


Uasjcn Well 


T26fJRl9W 


4? 


Ibnr^Skugh 


T29HR3DW 


4a 


Ibjn^i kp Vi^lBnd 


TJINR3DW 


m 


lAjdL^Le 


T27NR19W 


51 


IAjdL^Le2 


TJIHR19W 


B2 


lAjFT^y Lake 


T3IHR22W 


53 


Hrerr^e Iccp ^veiancfe 


T32NR3DW 


B4 


Owen SowervMit Mai fii^^ 


T2SHR21W 


55 


F^ide^k^ns 


TJJN R25W 


56 


F^KfCk hfOWAQU dits^ 


TZ2HR17W 


57 


RiMTi Creek Fen 




5S 


ftrojpre fen 


T24NR1BW 


59 


Pi ReBsartFen 


T24HR17W 


GG 


RM|ieMeacft]w 


T33NR25W 



iBGUstmt kresltd - very nee. scene wfe1 rare 

Man^ s^attEfed c^pf essjcrsl ^veiancfe undsUrb^d sellrg 

r.ltfsh ^^1h SCHPAUCARCH:) pc lal-e 

nee len. smal. |its%ie 

BDlarical SLA rich kn. bog brch cair. mera ties pcn±. Uia lenaarg 

Typcal kerte lake, sticfed by bcQbicn 

pen ol Le^BU RNA. menicvied in Ffats&Chacftt repc¥l 

nee ^4}w slancfe and Bqj pJBm conminlv echbo c<¥idicn 

Ibf^bI peaiBTTJ ri WNtfsh Ffar^ ^luc^ swamp cair.fen marsh 

l^wnred Ua.lce^^ len. pts^v-C ARLf^ 

Surrcundrg ifiancfe mfstMbed. pcvvfe iBke.fers 

Typcal kerte iBke. sticfed by bcQbicn 

Less iviand dsUrtens. sjm. b Rvctjpr^ Ibf^ Hc^B.I-y^anie 

toairg ma1 Brcund ciKn. ctep iBke^KOBB peer 

HOWAQU pel?- kite ol welBn:t 

Ver^ddcKbiw ipwellirgzcrH 9 Ritema^tn spp 

Lcchs rfcreBirg ^wvlhy ol sirvey. much BqjBic veg 

WelBnd culover bul man^ ^^ ate by bcQteicn ovEf years 

Cattail rr^rsh ^bv^ Cbtbc^ ^xse rnlic in spcirg 

vefnal^wel cvitp ol mcuntan cri^ seen ri dfcr pciBlre 

qiTiglal^z ^Hblal kvesled Bnd {pen v^iBn±. ^azirg^ 

CARLAS sec^ meBdiw wj'pealy waters ec^ 

inlEfes#ig IntfBl zcrv wc¥lh botencal sirvey 

Ver^ nee we i b n±. dverae. scene I c^rg nearby 

IsJBnd ri manslem FiBltiead R. 

nch len. nipGcted by ^z Irrt^r^nrveBt 

man^pts^r^ pcn± wj' mid- Buccesacjial rri iced ccnler kvesl 

rich fen 

upiBnd {fstMbanne Pi bulr^clfen lOrarefiante.spp Iis1 



40 



B1 


FfailBbcre Fen 


TMfJR25W 


€2 


HwfTV welBnd 2 


TZ^HRigVh" 


G3 


RivefTit welBndl 


T25HR1BW 


64 


Hi^m Rood 


Ta3NR20W 


e& 


F^ndl.faBd:w 


TJZHR23W 


GG 


Safe IfartKT IbBh 


T23HR3DW 


67 


Small lich tn 


T31NR20W 


GS 


SmlhLBke 


T27HR22W 


G9 


SpEfic^r-SkylQBlBkes 


T3IHR22W 


70 


S|iuc« 


T3INR22W 


71 


Sbrl^Ecliw 


T3DNR24W 


72 


Stilwatr R welBTK^ 




73 


StIlwBtr Hvcf 


T3ZHR24Vh' 


74 


Sinfa^Ckv.eiBn± 


TJZHR25W 


7B 


Sinfa^Ljke 


T33NR24W 


76 


EiiBn UIlb riel 


T25tJRlBW 


77 


S^Bn Hwf Qdxiw Resarve 


T25NR1BW 


78 


S^^n Rivef Rli^ 


T24NR1BW 


79 


S^^BTHWdlCk 


Tafi7Rl9W 


30 


S^^llCk. ^veianfe 


T3aH R2^W 


ai 


Tally Lak€ 


T3lNR2^^fh' 


92 


Tslly Lake lEn& 




B3 


Tfiekerte r.leacftiw 


TJ1NR3DW 


e4 


Tmrrijid Ol area 


TJIHR21W 


S5 


Tmrrijid Ol araa 


T31NR21W 


a6 


TitLe^Fcod 


T26NR19W 


37 


ir¥ianKd mamh 


TseHRSDW 


aa 


UTsmed dough 


T2rHR2lW 


sg 


ir¥ianied lA^iand 1 


T27NR20W 


QQ 


UrTsmed ^^iand 2 


TJ1NR22W 


m 


UrTHmed ^^iand 3 


T3lNRigW 


BZ 


UrTHmed weiand 4 


T31NR20W 



interTTKdafe fen pretty giod ccodiCTi 
intact: ^»d vdcfite 

Pcrovvit &ic^- N alcrg river ieast bori^ 
SmJ LVSAME"PICE.^swMi^ OKccrrftai 
CARLTR marsh uaed to b^ mewed k¥ ^y 
TICFre3€fve 

oneJI rich fen in^res^ng pJam ccmminly. easy to ^i k) 
Lar^ ^velan^liatulow lake - ma^-may nDt b^ ri giod s^p« 
Mars heB ard npanan thc^tB SarpuB laciEns IccaJly intrEcly albred 
kvested - ^eal veg eaa^aD:]esa 
CARLTR marsh v^ I watered pastr eland. 

V^atr >^r^ aill MBTRI and BDUFLU n mo^rg ^ratEf - «ftJ 

hhi^ bi^rch carrs vA^ bottcm ^xxJ ccvid. several mre |iarA 

aJcfer and brch carrs weak fen cfevelqifnEnl al lake ec^ 

R~et1y g»d and relaively ur^xded weland area 

TIC preaefve-nvenne wetland l-KMAQU. CId g^iwth nfHrian 

Mosaic o1 weiand l)pes pfiaire 

npenan'^^land oifnpJe:^ 

&c^^^ lake, cul cfe aaclake 

QeggCk Ta}4{¥Ck othErs- c^c^ pea land c^tabase 

Lar^ pfiairv rich kn. hard to ^t to 

nee nponan bottcm LVSAME. hpaiers aurella 

Desnid pqiulaicvi. 2 PhD^ abi^t 

Scfnew^t im»c^d - cfepresacvial weland- giod ^^Idite 

Sali^asB pcfxjialcn 

anal I ahfef carr. nearby lake a (^avir .etc) nol rich ri aqj veg 

rev£f b^enb Icchs ritreairg 

CARUT R marsh, vefTHJIy ^ vet Pcf]uluB boJBamilera B^^es 



41 



93 Upfsr Uzy CtL [iHis^ T32N R23W lots ol welanfe scmelar^ 

94 Upf»rSinfa^CkvjeiBn± T32NRSW much sp^Hg-um. bog lemnrg 

95 Upfi^r Tmrrijid Ol 1 TJ1HR21W nee npGnsn ^nd ^^iBn±. Ivoad tocxtian scene lEnB^^ner^ tits 
9B Upfi^rTmrrijidCtLZ T:»NR21W nee npenan and v.eiBn±. Ivmd locxtian scene lEnB^^nem ties 
ff7 VaiLBke T22HR17W NEact o1 Vsnl^Le- Lacustrv tr^ 

K Wh^Bti EFViJce Swarp TJIHR21W 



A-2 



APPENDIX B - FIELD FOPH 



43 



MTNHP WETLAND SURVEY FORM GENERAL SrtE/PLOr DATA: 



IDENTIFICATION AND LOCATION: 
EX AIf1 a N tRc S J 

PLDT na 

PLUT NO_ 

SFTENAME 



Dvtr 



MANUAL 
_ EOCODE 



liMTi __ri __m 



STATE 



COUNTY 



rURP: PREC CJUADXAME 

GFS REF XO 

OWNERS HCPIcLiuLi:) Pn-.^ (Nih 



QUAD CODE 

ifTE S LEGAL LOC :T__;R__;i__; IV4 S . ____4y4 4^^ 



^ U E Fdic^ ^^hmr. E LU. Tnk^ Bh nrtn 3m^ H T. 

PLDT TV PCS: PL^T SIEC: RADIUS /LW, bfrDTJl ZURVET _ 

PHOTOGRAPHY [ri^poziHiitk.i:tr ) 



DIRECTIONS 



GENERAL WE1 LAND EEATUHES 












CDiiV^nlja CluK 






HGM rbii 


^ys\c m/KuhKjvcB 


C 1uk/ku]>l Lani 


WslcriTgiiDC 


Watcc^nJckriD 


DnmLiuiicc iy\\c 











































































WETLAND SIZE Cm} OUTLET. 



_EXLET_ 



FR]MARY WATER iOURCE SURFACE FLOW f pcn:ii»B LTiaHrrrnxLirDl st rra m _ d vc rt oiH fthw> FPT . iFR]NG/SEEF_ 
G ROU N D W ATEK OT H E R 



PRIMARY WATER OUTFLOW SURFACE FLOW {pc rr dbuI- irUc nxLc oi « rra m . (i ycrb kJ fkn ^ cnpnri n oiplr 

G ROU N D W ATEK . OT H E R 

FLDD D [N G/PO N D [NG EVIDENCE: [a ktUf^ik] D t^^ rm ^ >»:bTJ %r»LvtaHL leh D i^i^^ Efcrk^n l dirl. i ■ ■! ■ ^ bhn r huh %rKt Ih 

ilHEllrtlDHi) 

INUNDATCOX PEnCOD^ftcpint 70SC prrJCd}: rm»:Bllyn»iriEJ (Jt tIeJ, ktcnfandj npuEd 4II rkL|,SEBipEn»:Bllyn»iriEJ C]]-5b 
tIO iEai*HiJlyDiiiEd ^3 I J T.l^h Tcaj^jve 1^2 v± i) N*he 

AVG DEPTH STAND]NH3yPONDED WATER fm} 

BANK iTAI?[l_ITY Rilb-Culij ClULios HcmIltJi- Sljmps. Umfc-juuc Bjak ScahLc Other 

% OF HANK WVDEEPBINDCXG ROOTHASS 

HEAVEK E\[DENCECY N_4J«^.Ti>cJ 



RIVEBINe 
GAUGE DATA. 



_ V A L LE Y FLOO R GR AD I ENT: 



FLOODPLACX W[DTH:r[ii.t J RIFAR]AN/WETL AND ZONE W]DTH RANGE (m^ftL 

I?ED MATER]AlHlEJi»ci knildrr »Ub mvcl imi4 ihiUiy) 

EANKPULL WCDTH B AN KFULL DEPTH: 

FLOO D PRO NEW]DTH (vjJ.k u J^ t-khll] 



CHANNEL ENTRENCH {v.J^>. J^ ktnkr^.li-ir.ll vddk) 

KOiGEN STREAM TYPES 

SILT/SEDCHENT DEPCiS]T[ONrti..LJ r^n c-Uir. Din-JtvEn) COVEH*! 

EVIDENCE OF SURFACE INFLOWS FROM UPLAND [nil. rmWy, JiErdn^. ik. J«. . -^DnEo .« chJD.TJ> 

E VJ D ENCE OF SUB SURFACE FLOW ^KEpLHVClludEiEE TE| ir^VBr #V1Dr ^ ^EI^IX hElJui IE^H ■ I^Cir^JC qvJbl EridEIE> 



DLrTEiEHiriih 



EVIDENCE OF BR^CDED CHANNEL! Y N5 PO]NT BARi RE V EGET AT]NG "^ C Y , N _ N A |_ 

COARSE WOODY DEBR3S SOURCES PRESENT NEARBY IN SYSTEM IY,N,NA> 



GENERAL SUT DESCRIPTEON. 



L ^MmA i^^C EDraH KlilE I pTC3EHt [< J ^UT- HK ik, CeD, eAc | id^CEHE < I I eIc 1: 



KEY ENVCRQNMENTAL FACTO RSC4frtr t^ tKiucc ii:« kchlcuI fkiixJ J^. w tMi mhIL h^ii^l^F^ j HhrTH»q^hkiB ^. hzaMT kI ^ t> dc^ 



LANDLISEH]STOnV fp.ic L^i^^ od i^rL 



LANDUJE CDM MEMTS [cavTEDl iMdnic** HiE.LLrmrE^iHH.^^iHri iruHj arncHharc m^bj E09i b nprihCHcnli in^HliiH cl<h 



OrrS JXELijES (cr Juikihi h*jjvir iwumr ^Kapnri viJcr^rJJiFnufrD ele)_ 



EXOTICS. 



INFO NEEDS. 



M AN AGEM ENT NEEDS. 



KNOWX RARE FLA>T/ANIM AL EO'S (iPF EC iML 



FAUNA OBSERVATIONS. 



OCULAR PLANTSPEaESDAlA: 

Plat B u Eiibtr] Datr SAr 

Mlb i-oicrutic GROUND CO V ER {rhuti) sfflL+ «iatel^- idce + liitci + ^nt 

[miP:=LaO'^ Flirf IDL PNC 

T&BBfl: T^TAL CV _ KEAH MT_ rOECHfl : T^TAL CV _ MEAN CIT 

SPEC LEE IDCNTrrrCATIOn HT CCC' 



^IDX 



T L 


- 


- 




^ 
^ 
^ 
^ 
^ 
^ 
^ 
^ 


— 




T 2 






T 3 






T ^ 






T J 






T B 






T 7 






T a 












SUKI 

3 1 


?BI 


3: 


T^TM n? 


hIEAN tIT 


_/_ 
_/_ 
_/_ 
_/_ 
_/_ 
_/_ 
_/_ 
_/_ 
_/_ 
_/_ 
_/_ 
_/_ 
_/_ 
_/_ 




3 2 






S 3 






3 4 






3 T 






3 C 












3 ^ 






3 ? 






3l{] 






3lL 






312 






313 






31-t 












GRAl- 


II HO 


cna: T^T CV_ 


_ KEAM HT_ 




G L 




G 2 






G 3 






G 4 






G J 






G C 






G 7 






G ^ 






G S 






Gl{] 






GIL 






Gl2 




r 1 


Gl3 






Gl-t 






Gl3 






Gl^ 






Gl7 






GlJ] 







rOECHfl: T^TAL CV _ 

3PC^IE3 IDENTLrL CATION 
F 1 



CIT 



_I1A£U VI c 



CCC 



F 
F 
F 
F 
F 
F 
F 
F S 

riD 

Fll 
El2 
ElJ 
EH 
El5 
FlS 
Fll 
ElB 
Fig 
F2a 
F2l 
^22 
E2J 
F21 
F23 
F2& 
FJ7 
EJQ 
FJg 
FJG 
FJl 
FJ2 
EJJ 
EJ1 
EJ5 
F3g 



rEIUIB JLND JlI^IED FOHH3: 

TOTAL CV_ MEAN HT 

F 1 

F J _ _ _ _ _ 

F J _ _ _ _ _ 

F 1 _ _ _ _ _ 

F 5 _ _ _ _ _ 

F B _ _ _ _ _ 



Mcn_ tv 



BBTDIISB £ Lie BBS E 

B L 

Q 3 

Q 5 

B 7 

L L 



: T3TAL CV_ 



L 3 

COMMENTS (EODATAl 



_/ _ 

_/ _ 

_/ _ 

_/ _ 

_/ _ 

_/ _ 



B 2_ 

B 1_ 

B S_ 

B a_ 

L 2_ 

L 1_ 



PARENT MAT 



LANDFDRM: 



PLOT POSIT [ON- 5LOFE SHAPE 



AiPECTCl SLOPE r^>: ELEVATION: EROSCOX POT_ ER05 TYPE 

HORLZON ANGLE N _E ;i W LEGAL T R S IM 4/4 4.<irt_ 



TEB* cjmpy CLV*s Icr ■IEEE* 1,7 i LH dt4i) jrti ^HdL Lrqa/ajpLJ n^H ^r i dn dtti-j 

campv ^onr ^Ljr^tE ir«EE>m viLiaa^ Cv 3 ■ >□■ rip - "=-L, <^ It^ >^^L^ 2^ ^L^, ^Ur J[^ ?J^i ^l^r 

44- >J^^ ^4^1 ^^ >ii, <nii 4[^ >^^, rKi -\\^ ?U, --^r l[^ >T^, ^H^ »< >nr ^?^ H - >ii, ^ ]DD 

rLEm chEB* L«el*tj d ^nm irti afHcdHU tjleh ce«p1»eh v*rL*r niB» lE cnrJuELDn fHaELblE y Lthirl dE»f de ■ 



3lt4 harrre: 



Open Wgrer (lacking emergeni&.% of totel): Bottom Eubsir^ 

LPJ Ai^HMrH Vegetaliiin: 

pH: , Condutljvily (/jSj'tjri) , Tftmp('C)_ 



WETLAND PLANT COMMUNmES 
Date. paj. Day Y[, l-T,&sl^jaLor(s) 



Wotiand(iih:tiedortilert7lfyes.iiito^hH;hzoriepM. SU. WM, 



_,CaCOi. 



_^ Suiaidft HjEV Y r^. RDDtcharnidte y n 



VEOETATIOM DE5CRJPTI0N:(se& Hansen etal 11595] lor waHgrKi^ripangr kevs, use six-letter acrwyms, cc = canopv cover "^ith standard FCODATA dassfts^ 


Plant AsEDCialjOnS 


L^r1 






Layer i 


ExdhljC^AiV^UJE 


Posidon rol_ to ^djeconr 
mmmAvelerdepdi 


%flA 




IL ' 

hJHMTECW W 













{ ) 1 ) 








2) L 

HHUTECW 96 













._t^u.._t ) \ t 








3L ' 
HHMTECW 99 












n-«iw — *-.f ^Trrr^^.f ^ 








4L / 1 

NHMTECW &9 













___„„,( ),_„^„i 5 








5) L 

rJHMTECW oq 














' ' ^ ' 








9L ' 
rJHMTECW 99 












"-'---^ 3--^ — i ) 








7) / 

NHMTECW 99 













__^_«.{ )-- — -..1 3 








a) ' 




, ^ ^ 


— ^ — , — 





L J 1 J 








rJHMTECW « 












( 5 1 5 








10) / 

NHWTFCW « 1 











■ ^ *--. — ^\ * 






















%oj3an wat^r 





ComriHrits. 



HVDROLOaiCAL AND PEPOLOQICAL VARIABLES: 



ft 


DepLhof 


DepLh Ld Tret 
vpBlflrii^fnh 


saturate 


lm[»in)eaUB 


Ohi:«l2i>n 


A hiifiz^ 


A hflnzgn 


TsKli^^ 


%Hlf A^ 




1> 






















2J 






















3| 






















*l 






















» 






















*l 






















T} 












1 










« 






















^ 






















TD> 






















LA^nlrtft 






















W^kT^^C7.v ' 










1 
1 










^Nlt^Afhlorrh 




















[]b«pkfai^ j 




















Upbrd j 














tAhff) 







Comirfinte" 



APPENDIX C - G/S RANK GUIDELIhES 

For El ale rink."^^ just "^ub^Ticutc S IbrG in these dcfLciitians 

Ql = Critically impcrLlcd globally because of exlrcmc rinty | tv pic b LLy f Jvc or fewer 
occurrences o r verv few remajning acres) or because of some fflclorlsl mikjng J1 
extremely vuLneriblc to expHrpilion. 

G2 = ImperiLeid globally because of exiiemc rarily rkypicaL[y six Ic 20 occuirenccs or lew 
remajning icresi or because cFsome fActDr(s) making ii very VLiLnerablc to 
extjq^Bt»n. 

Gi = VulEierible_ejl her very rBre End locil throughout its ringc or found tocallv (even 

abundantly al some of j1s LocBtionsI in 4 lestrjcted range leg. h single Greal Plam^ 
Eiaie^ t sjngle ph^jographic o r eco region h I unil) or because of clhcr Fadors making Ji 
vulnerflble to extirpation thioughout Ji^ range. 

Q4 = ApparrnUy Sc^nrc. Uncommon, buE not rarr (although J1 nny be qujie rBre jn pirts 
of Its Tinge especially al the periphery) ApparenlLy not vulnerable jn mosi of jIe 
range. 

05 = SecuTC. Co inmon, widesprrBd, ind BbundBnl 11 ho ugh it may be quite rire in parts of 
i1s Tinge, especially at the [^ripheryf. Not vulnerBble in most of its range 

GU = Unrankable Sli1uscinnc1 be determined al ihb lime. 

G?= Unranked, Sli1us hss not ^ei been assessed. 

=*=*Modif]era and Rank RBngcs=*=^ 

^ A question niBrk added to a rink expresses an uncertBinly Bbont the rank in lhe 

range of I either way on lhe 1-5 scale 

GJIG# Greater uncertBintv about a rank tsexprr^sed bv indiealing the full range of 
ranks which may be appropriate. 

Q A '^Q" added 1o a rank denoles questionable taxonomy It modifies lhe degree of 
imjTcrilmem and is only used incases where lhe lyp^ would have a less imperiled 
rank if it ^ere no1 recognized as a vtltd name (i e. if il were combined wilh a mo]~e 
common typcj. 

E Exolte 

CRITERIA USED FOR RANKING 

The criteria for ranking are based on a set of quanti! alive and qualitalive factoid. These 
factors are listed below in o]~der of I heir general importance: 



49 



a. Number of E Icmcnl Occurrences CEC^l 

the csUmalcd number of EOe ihroughoul ihc Element'^ global range; 

b. Abundance: 

the e^lim4lcd global ibundflnce of the Elemcnl ^measured by number of 
indjvidLnl^, or arrB,orslreBm length covered), 

c_ Size of Rflnge: 

the c^lim4lcd sizecf iheElcment'is global ringe, 

d Dislnbution I rend: 

the 1rcnd m the ELemcnl'sdi^mbul ion ever it'b global range, 

e_ N Limbc r o f pro tceled ECta 

the c:£lLmated nnmbc r c F adcq u ately jv^tecled EOs [hro ugiiD nt the Element's 
global range- 

f_ Degree of ihreal 

the degree to whjch the Elemen! b> threalened globally. 

g Fragjhly 

the frBgility orsu^ceptibjhty of the Element to mtrosion. 

h. O ther g lo b al considers tions: 

for example- the qnalily orcondjiionof EOs I hat aFeel ormiy iffcct 
end angerment status; nnenplBined popuhtjon fine tn b tjo n'>^ re pro dnc tjve 
Elralegic;^ I hat are dependent onspcciFic habilat.elc. 



50 



APPENDIX D - COMMUNITY CHARACTERIZATION ABSTRACTS 



31 



Characlerl/^llon Abstracts tir Planl Communlllesln Ibe SUllxraler, S^an, sind 
Flalhead Lake DralDa^!^ 

BETl/lA GlAi^DbLOSA/CAJ^a:?: LTWJCL-Mr^BCK B I RCH/H EAKED 5 EDCE> H citaccEaB \ cgCTaLi>» %3 

C^f^EX f^VXBAL'MIHUUXBAUM'S SEECZ>Hc[faaLnKJi Vcsdaca _ ___ ___ __ __ ___ 54 

C^fffA"y_ri/DJ.^rMUDSEDCE>HciHcc«K Vc^jdaicm __ ___ __ __ ___ ___ .56 

CA.f^tX L^f^ICUIATAtUEA¥iZD S EDCE> H ciwcEL^K \ ripiU na _ ___ ___ __ __ ___ __57 

C4fff;hr^f7^C^jeJririNFLATEDiEI3GtjHcrbM.nniiVc£rtaiHn__ __5B 

Ct?ffA't.'5i"£fl^CJ:^CRF_lM>S[ERDOG*DODjSfcni>tjml __ __ __ ___ __ __ ___ _fiG 

D[/£y<r/JJtiM^flUjVCIJ.V.4t"£tiMcDULICH]UMlHc[iHCC4« Vcip:LalbB._ ___ ___ __ __ ___ ___ _ _6l 

fL^J?afAJe/SP^Lt.'57K/SCCOMMON S PIKERU S H > H ciraccnK \ cipil J ana ___ _62 

Ei^J?aWJ^JSff^t77J-:UJr.*C BEAKED 5PIKERLISHjHc]l^a4^LiiVcgCTaLx]ii__ __________ ________6J 

JUNCVS aALTICUStB^LTlC RU S H > H criKJccniB VcgCTjLn* ___ ___ _ ___ _ ___ ___ 64 

PfCEA SPJCMWd.-3J£ttyC"tAriPRUCET?EI>-05]EE DOGWOOD^ ft- luA ___ ___ __ __ ___ ___63 

PfCEA ^FJEQL'fSfTUM ARV^t\S£[^FR.UC^T\tl.D H OR5 ET \l Lj P^ mrf ___________________ 67 

PfCEA SPJI.J3yCTfrrO.V.4Mfffy<rAVt-3( 5 PEUCEV YELLOW SKLINKCAEB\GE>]T>r:u _6e 

POPULL"i BALSAMIFiy^l^^? T^^rWO C^iff A^C0j?^d.-3 JjWyC"E4 fB L ^C K COTTONWOOD/RED-OS lER 

DCCWOODjPflmrf __ ___ ___ _ ___ _ ___ ___ ___ __ __ __63 

i4iJtOflL'l/.TfO.VDy^V.^<rAMM4GJeOJTTSr4.V^JJEATJ5rDRLIMMOND'5 W]LLOW^LUZJO]>T 

REZDCRA5Sjifcni>lirKJ __ ___ ___ _ ___ _ ___ ___ ___ __ __ 71 

i4JJty3flL'lf.Tffl^D^A^.^C.lffEYtTffyCt^M7"ArDRLIMMOND^SV^JLLCWraE\KED S EDGE^ S PiJi±ib nd _ _T2 
i4£.^tEA^J[Jt.■VHARRENcSA^"DBARW[[J_0^;^SARRP_N^S^lJl±ll^KJ ______ __7il 

i^.rtEYJCt.'.^ME5ICGRAHI>"OID[5AXDl]ARW[LLO^yME5ICGRAH]XOID;Stii>ti[id ___ ___ _ _ _ T3 

^CJff/*d.-3ACt.TLrScH\RDSTEM BULRUSH J Hci^cccoB VcgCTaLbfc ___ ___ Tfi 

r/JLTJA /^LTGirA^LJ^^CWrO.V -l.Tf .^fl^CAA'd.-5iWEiTERN RED CZDAFl^YELLOW iK UN K C \H H AGEj P^ mrf 
___ __ __ ___ ___ _ ___ _ ___ ___ T7 

nrW^iAn^OLHCBROADLE AFC ATT AILS HcilacCTiLiiVcsrirfihri ___________?? 



51 



BEnMAGlAHtXlOM/CAIiBCUiaClMAlA (BOG B1RCIVBEAKED SEDG E) Heibac eons 
VegetatiDn 

Sm IIAK Cfr H H tf M mE S 

Tb: B^uta ^biniijlKuiC j ruA tAixuku j bihJjd rivpc k u^ih'jtn cd UcJuLj 4iIjjKhjkiKL''CaiE:c msrjLa iHzirucniiri aL 
I^S^-'i^hLl] bHlhccB piE^ou^]} dc^rtrcd la j n unpii>lKhE4l £Ju:l/ b^ l^rjLc ( l^^h) C j r^A tAixubd j ^u 

cojDHLiJiE} wii] ^a LiidrcJHhc^ l1:i muuLcil In l^iN^haBpiii Ln^prinNa -fl-nx LlQ^rbi>lh;K Phtc^'c { I^^H^ X Ohrr 
ciziju^iaLn ^ eIi Bdiib ^biitiku n^'cnJnhrK^ jr>J C jr^x b^hncsjja umkjMOJXi cicfz la mhnbim ]LlLbf> Jid 
mhah^c^ Mo naju C Jaj]tuh\-^k^:bj>:N ]^J97 ChaLlJcd aL I4<>S GiucEikc \*^^} I^dutj ^jvhikiu.-'CaiEK ^ii^ckL 
pbjl JULK.BCEIJK alu cxBl LH Kiri tL\hird Nia nzira {Grucnkic 14^4). 

EcLuki ^bmijkKui^aiEA tdiEukua n j mir>nr[vpc al jnU ckv^lnrtr in'^'f^cni Morim (HiBtrn ^ aL 1995), okI 

BriviP.D y MENTAL Descliptid y 

Tiin cuBEiujAi ;k L> j^ HK*^!! A ulfjccn co b^\ cr j<i rKk. L kc^ 4hr ■ziEzckn. jjkJ onKccjfl s'l^^k^ jjkJ vfci jLvblLcjiacci 
jlI^lcjI Ll^ L^ ^jaLJirnJ JT>:;Lnik iin^ ^1 iramN NJzirKcn ri >L l^}^\ Thn CDEnmiiAi} olluezc oi\ £jiri^ -fl--^ Krin vf^k pud 
jcciihliIjI i^n ■■likLriint; t pur6om\TawLC of arucrobk pmiLcucr^ In LJHhrriEnxl Mhrnc ^ DLj*!! ilarvk Lkr Salu 
LinjniJTHhnJuru uarvL^ LJHhmmL^nJ^ ficcur l^b NHhLh cioi jr^ hcJcc rzicEnicLl jr>J \kwlc jr^ ruK LiUiaD^ EoLjnJ la pu4kinik 
Scjh aiE ^'OjnBiiin^ ilh^Llrd lijIjI bkI NumjT>rr. j r>:l Jic ulurjLcd ^ l >r jii^iml o n ^cLIcr^ECN RnloK co nrc n rjLi^u jie 
piE^rri BMhrnc mirtTDlwiik ir4kA dcpLri hn rn (fjk^rii wiljHK'ciir rjr^l^ Gj^nx maMcrAcuimiku ho m mty biB 
Ibal LAg. Lfiu kuifi JiudK a^4hB4vpc crKnucb^ ojIl^ L>pcn \hi~jLcT Dncr ci^iejdli \avc Nb9]b'ii nnqjauhL hori^L^Ai 
o^'c li^LAg 4kc prr mnc rj] ^i> J ^ H >A^n l\ aL Lii^S} 
Veg etxtid y Descfliftion 

dcLub gbimkilxu ^^nrhyr^ zin a^vrTLijc of ^^r if\ z\k nwcnl\>rf Mirrnu miHiriN L^f f^ciulbi fELriizHKa ar>H ^^la 
afccKa ajE iiuLal^ pju^n fk: ^TiEiihp} co^'c r pru^ hHi>l b} chr v^m^K ^hii±K k NparNC lo moiirEnic lu cbr k:±a4:cfiuc 
bL^vfLL^hrT n \\\^\\ A^NHhTEUcd ihii±n ieilIiJc RhiEnnb aloilL^ba jrxJ \~iiiMK '■^lUhw^ UjElcEilLMy Npc4.>:N 
cojuposLf A n dcpcjElrri l^a i^ idc r k^rh Th: ^dccu sin mppuri Cjiex LrinLubl:! aid C ^^^LiLi^ CkiiJD 
macn^ph^Lm zinJ [ br g[anijr>nKL^ Phkj prjLrANn ziml A^muK uoLajFcd aju oicn pencil in linrr jnLn>-Kir^ zindbr 
LlbIij±Ti:d Nrim HzLnscn n ^1 3fH>5>. 

Wildlife Values 

LJcLuki ^binikiLfla n j \~iluhLc bmi'ii^c Np^4.>:N fn rcLL ( Kutb ]^~1x Cnhnununy h^ cfahnuroiu] bv Ikiiib fjbiiijb^j 

ma^ fijic1ihnLL> ^ahilnc clu nic] buAkc ( ErcquiJi Iv i-iu^ Log Hhvcikj n^jn^ banbc) jr>J pji^h eIc iluik ^ [?;i£ in^ 4^Ly^ fr^h 

lutiiu 

SjrCEBOH 

I k LkiLib ^biL^buj'CaiEic iJiuituj ^'funHUJiEV rivpc rupnscrEK a laLrK ^Libt cvpc Giaun^ eh} dcciuaicrihc ^i^r 

of h-ng bicttiJJKJ lEM-iuLK z\k fuzacwLC of ipcc n 4fi t ra ry Hhf^iaYLJ^j i[iLli:lii]g A^iiuLa slL^hEiifcD FVia pialcun Phkj 

palid CE, ^ehI AjEiLtK balLiic 

Mabae emeht 

SaruEaiod Mih jrc hjghl^ ^Li«.cpL bb 4fi K[>i cunipaiii bn a r>:l M ruiimhcLnl: ibu^Iiing wbrnuccdb} LhmocViKl hiuvy 

macliinciy G^vriL^ nu^ wz',i\t in iE4LH:nJ v^jjiit fi rcvcriuj I rhniLAal ihn of ^hii±n Iji^b4Iic mc BiiiAjn^ of ILk l;rT^ 

cjn IrmpihEan^ inLiTL^c pjimLhJ ^y ;k ■=■' Caiuic Kj^ch^ HL^^c^vr. cj re Khzojklbc LaLcn '■^ hcA bumBfj abAf 

n4 ccTimhant; Ikcjisc nf Lie ci^cLk^ chhou piuycccxij] piuvjHi>l b;K BcLuki ^biEHijlHa^Z^r^E u nnjblA LabEai L}^ 

(HaBcaddL W^X 

Apja^ Eh=TCa p^nup^iTiEf 

AdfJcciE ^clici 'tic, mj\ he LkhminvcLl by SaLt dniBmojElBn S ^jr^naia CaiuA iJ liiubi j (itC IjNHhrjrfu L;r7"^ 

DrrT 1A d kind uhmjminycN uippL^ri Rkl prjLcAir^ nhpuL^ 4 cil btxTiqia zind nKCJljIbL foJkLHhu ^1 In^j b: rcb\ al hhu, 

jlI^cciL lAdbiEHl EojEiLi JiE L^tcj] 4lojDLAal i>l h/ PhL'^;! CAgcLmj nnij o r AbhiN IjNH»cjrp> AilpLCEy upburl^ ^Ljpj<irl 

lubJjd 4^pc^ fmm Lb: ^Im:n lut'ficjjpa. FSicurfakiLi^ Bcn^iE^ii. anH PiriK j<iJ>JciLfla nci^t 4k pcidLAg 4hn cb^^ cji 

jrKi JN^^Ll iH^LrKCJinziL ]945X 

Cd NSERVAHfr Pri Rahw: 

G4'S4 
EpirDHJAUTHD 1 



CAiBC Bl^B^lMfr \ BUJCBAUM 'S SEDO E> Heib ac eo us Veg etHtion 

3niiA7. C] NNLyiTIEf 

ImkhlL^ I k ^ ,iuz\ htiKboLUDu-CjiEic NixdilE (TliL} LipQlH l->id Caiuic biiubMimihCajEit ufuujln (MjMMhn J^J^J h.1 
jr>J pkuo; HajKcnd aL ( l^S\ bimp 4 hn uhmjminri^ ^ ch Cjieic kKHH-iifj >ru] Cjiek kinifiinou Ini mj rEL^cjT>rd 
furpLflCL i^cEEC ^ l^lffi} and Pad^cU a iL i \*^&^'}^hn d^ciiKihw^aiinmLniiy cypc 

Car^x htiKhaLiBJK a muiiiT ^iiijnHLiiiL} cvpr in Ihr Uiria Z\4LMinairn nf Uriahs n'citcn j r>:l MKrih-ccilia] h-lDdain 
YcIL^N4fij>r NjLi^h] l^rL 2[iJ4db^rKi auc3s dC kLki 

BlVUD4l]IIHTiNL DESCllF'nD4l 

Tlin ciiijnmLiBL} cvpc i:H>:urN in mndcidcLiK ^eh jlI ^TiLk^ bnUnmi. in lirpjEiNi^na] ^clbidc likr ^hLul piNhihLcs, id 
Pl M binilh. J r>J on kiLr pbBN SarunccLl u ik'fi r>:l i i^m pcr^nl inchr ^Liiticc peal fnim mxi ^piBfl In mhJ HJjnncr 
^jic r t\rk may I he n <l rof co Lk: mh J luiiM-c L>r, nn dm ri^zLodc , z\> ic\ cdI dc^ lbi^cii hclii^ i he niitu'c 
Veg etxtid y Descriftcih 

Carex htixKjLiBLiK ali^Tiyc LhhniirELd iDchE ^'funHUJiE^ ^ ch 25^a nnr greater ci^^rT Caiuit ZKfuu iln j rKiVfi rCzic^x 
Niicaldb >ir wimcJLBo; pnixcjl jml fiLLaici raLb^ ^ r^ ^'fi-LhhnurarriK CM Ict a>an.bln inLlKic DrcLkjm|flb ccNpLiMa, 
Cjkhi kpcix^cpab U:L^kaji< joLH-jfkn Scniicn i-jrvbabiuiliN , PnJinjbiD ^jdcbLj rxJ jtj LijiurikLum LcKirfnlLUD^ 
C J r^ T biLi^^irKiKL. C~ iJn:ubiia C Iiicicjjja.C ■iiikd^.C Lrr'xU.C H^rjNLEiKD C pnc^rjcilK.anJ C iimubca 

Wildlife Values 



Mahae emebt 

Hcibagc fHKkxiDJ] y^j>:n fphm ^vf Ll> JiHKlcialc S jLuoicd ^oih bzi KiJurj 1 41:4 ciruri Nh i^'CMDck ^i^jn^^ Alciachnj] 
ofli^jDk^ jkI ^Ltr^c^furrri ilr^dcriAg mty j^uil in LDBOuiftiEi 4kjniHl nl h} Czirrx ]Mj:d:ajjjnL bcBfj aLLCiNi>t4fi 
cjLIk lvnLiJi|i nfihr^c c^bunclr nbj IL Li^rn munri »r^ n j prjLlLiI marufirBcrri BcLiioL] In r cnNhrTU ho n ^hin lie 
hjri^mkigE r^^inie k jnjcL 

Ad J A C E HT C q W W U Fi ITIE S 

la\]D[iJ:LU JLl|H.cri 'A'^lcriEci Bclnk S^irpuc JLiiLt^ dur\ Iiicicj rp>. aiKJ C Jiuit t^njubua zinJ :Ld_tJccjl LliEnccN 
ihlIiJc l^r^iumjflia ccNpiiifla jr>J JurKiu balinic coBmiiftiEi 4 Peh.c ]^t£6). 

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SnilARC^NN^yiTIES 

Sfijnc LliUjTESd Hhn^ inLliJc S3 rxK 4kjnBJl i>l h} Cjr^A bjii^iuKa in Ihr Cajuit iL^hOLajja fhM luhcuLi^b ( Prct'c 
l^^h ]1:LrKcn n :lL I^^) 4kic Nh^mibjiEi uhriaHJiiJE jr>J maju^cBcn ^'firK'cms Cajuit kinifiimu [cr>:Li4o OLCur 
DJ] ■irtrnlhKiih ^liik Caiuic kui>L>ifj n mi^^ \>kcn fcruruinnn Di^^niL ujh; iHzirKcn d >L L9SK.].m.a 1^?^) Cajuit 
tmubHimu Klzinik aiu jh^h ■lLhItlI is\z\K Caiek tuix^qia hibJid cvpc h^ JOJT>r 4.h»;rfkTi£ cjk lIjc Ll> j imjtj it^in id 
maj£jsc»rrri uhra.m 4 Kdh-j thl. L9^~. H >ucn d al I9<>5>. 
Rmice 

Tb: C:l[?x tuiM^cfj ^'fi mHUJiEv 4^pc n LluiirJnl ^bhal^ IbEu^^oi^ the luMhcim hcniKfhcur.znibc ■^'^dcm Uninf 
Scales I r,A BLJiihrly^ u^jscm WjNhjnfN^ n. Lk: Uina Murudaui 4>l Uri^b, mhJ Ica^cjn [4LiK] , ri hiutijbiHJ jmirijuf 
IrlDjlaju Aid ID 4:crricLL VcUihiAjLDnc Nuhnjul Pait 

BiviP-D y HEHTiNL Desciiftid y 

Th: Caut^ tjNiKTLqia pbjl j^LUJ^iri uhn un^U^ Di>:upEi Inimcr tjkchaNUK ki r^j-ahj mkiBccI iKiivcr j-n rkii. j-nLhotx^ 

jrKi bikE nn:l uruam mjr^uK i^khih EiM^rllc zu'^xjjmitjL jo n fi I peal OrcdNHhruD^ 4 He uhmjnunri^ Lcuin ai fkuintjor 

Lfujkiji|i mji% om lliil peal uirwiih TLk l^^^c ai »■ ^^n Dlcubc fiHJJvl jn iJlcjii>rd£jLc Nh n.k Cijk Thrsoit; aiu 

LuiuDv fi r^ajiK '■^ ri K aLLumiibl uhm fi I n^J^c j^tu Tiin L;k|^ B4yphrjl^ an Bdu^firnhl ZLsJjht KjdphbjE r^^unc 

•wkW yL3s-\?i\£ uiuiadcLl ra iL ll^euJe hajs m Lie rnu4 zodc aL jdbljttuqi- TLk c[>B[iuftif ciin ria kraic ;r^aT-bn£ fkind^ 

cfinJif JK 

Veg etxt'd h PFSCFLirnoH 

Cjrrx LhHi^^ip.i ^l.lllllnl^:-; ik: ^'fi mjnj nri v ^ch JQ-KF-t ci^^rT ]l Dfccn Inrnu b^i rKiciilur^N in kc\]^ m^j^va m 

Mnstssa. CaiuA tAixubda JodC tinijKiu zic? Hhdca c hr ool} dIIctn^chin 'i^rih iiifli ^'fi mJzinLiK 

Wildlife Values 

OriccrN.b^vcr uidhil ^ cincs twti ^ jLcrfni^ I ll^c Llin iobriai [}pc fnrhuUiHf jikJ RhCLjj^n]j jr^JN \l k imj^irlajl 

h^iri lb J rj pliiiii. drcr. ajKl elk DccriLsc Lbrcvpc fr>r£ji^un£ (Haucn d jL i^S] 

Sjcce^oh 

Mndroic LliiLiJ±UKC v,W\ idliehc Cjjei^ k^xuiLl^ Aiiliic hakhni^ ^nJauc^irinJ rL>±ii Sc^vc? dtriiiilKJJK'c (luriLjkin^ 

init^alcriAgl may kf'^cszln walcrlitit jrKi cjll^c Lb: Kric Ifi be lVi mii£jLi>l b} EVia pn4crtsK. P pj LlsLja. l^crri ih 

J n^c Jim. OS A^ij^-jLa ^DlhoifcB 

Mafiae EHEHT 

DiE4i£ilri ^'CjrN nay maVc ED acccN^hk Lhh hcl k Lkhoicd l anH 'aU ^n^uig ziainub wlihih cixill cmKC JiiLi>l jehI 

humjTKicky NHhiKnji BZLCHJrn Tb^c Nrin Ji^ ^cjktjI^ k\ w,zA 3\io pjuLliJc miy^ L;kj<^ of JECJEalihruliL^CN ckccj^ 

li<kjn^ Hf;L\^ LlnLiJ±ianrc nxbai fmm GRV luc j kiiikJ he j^'hhkIuI iKcaii^ Lh: fir^ajiK wDi >ie ibh^ Ll> luei^vrT 

Tiam Bn haftca] ^laBZL^c Hi^jIi ^jLLrlihliN bzlLe hu inmg dilfijuk lu flr^ ^Tin brwc^l fiJi sLc^ :L<l_tJCEJl L[> 

IV>LMlpbjrn 4kBLAarl Ncdgn of Ih^ LL aju r^NnJari Nhdama^ hj^fu^ ciu'cpl ^ hcur \l4 f\uc% j^nrioic Lh: peal ',oI\ ]l 

\a.', nicn h^cn I he pthliL^ i^f bvl jnau^n Lnh^cip jrKi kill hca^'c rbi>.HKC IKe} cjn h< :l ■LiEjrKV Hi^^'c^'cr. h-r^~jmc 

huvcT pphdix'c jLH-h Llrurjhb Juhriai jml pji^\ k\c jjun^ bcKfiLbl n4 r^j m fuuJ c rn , ri hcif i^jiHhvil Fjub j jijarBH 

N^ciD iKcck z\> bri-lKc]} c\~ikuLcLi 4 H J rncjin ^L IIM^X 

Ad J A C E BT C q W W U H ITIE S 

Adpccn wdricr^ci Bjvhc LkhmirudcLl bv cibcrCaiuic iJriiutjLs C ai^JidLih nnrC nrfijssccinii cfi mmjnk^iN Dicr 
Kin ma} be dn mimic l] hv [hiN^ luBp^ii i-upifiu. Adc mi^B caju.l^luia tlahr-ciKb i^r Aijuil^ baliLtK LDrnmuoiiiL 
Adfjccn Lipbiiic cjnlrc Lkhmiru4cLl h^ \rlcjDbu cnJcjlal^.DT j mi:4 ;k L>f ^j^hoitr LHhmmunri h^^ (HarKcacL aL ]995|. 

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SmIIARC: NNLyiTIES 

laUcjh C arcit l^ih> appcaii4.lKc]} c^bdcd Lorihr C ^tf u4 db uhmjminri^ 1^^ ^ili wlitti i n cojDoiDJily aiNHKBicd 
(E^^ d jL I^^S^) I m-bKlcs M jLIkdbX I ]^Jm ) C LmiMa Ncn:^ ziml piuNzzc Llr^ji>rd br I k ccjua] fiDri hn n 4hf 

Th: Caut^ hnwxa CDJumiifti} 1^\k d deri rtiiAcLl 4 hPKighvnri I he r>nrtkrm IcTnoplciu utbr wcucui Unricrl Slidn i k 
J ■luhr^^^ m Lb: Ujnj ^ff1Llri Jiai 4>f Ul jk u:4Ai>:jscm ]Liibih. I kjMi^liHA rnuLb L>f Mihd^u , j nJ laccnrjl 
YcILw<4fiJ>r NjLi^h] E^cL 

&iviP.D y HEHTAL Desciiftid y 

Thn cojnHLiBL} cvpc n jul^b^cJ v,4W pthm] twti hVc jmqjin^ Jid l^phLTiLI^ LirhrJjpK ob fbalinfi \>w LfjaVug BaiN [ri 

ma^ iko LMJUirfin L^ ^rjLlEri infkiiAJ fijnLriEb'ii^ of j<i rxK 4hr b^^^ (Haucn d a] 14^5}. J J c^ ^c? tKUJ 1^ ^'crv 

pihn riv drj incd wJk pcEitricrril^ uLuoicd '^ih '^twLi\m^ ^ jLcr in ^pnnn 

Veg etxtid y Descflipton 

C jr^x LrTHKa ci^hci cint^N fmm 20-90^ (Haucn l\ al ■■\H>5k Ib Morlaru Caiek LrimiLLa ajvl Mcji^Tid hri [JiroLiid:! 

a Tz uhEnmon j^lioldI cd k j^chil 

Wildlife Valu es 

OlccrN b^vcr KaKlkjll4.DKi anH 'akc libwl lbc ri tm 4xi mjDunriy ri^pc i>r b^^m^ did farajBg ajuai ( MkLuiij] I41ti). 

Sjcce^oh 

Car^x ]imL>u k cojKikrrLl j dabk Uyn^ i^'CLl coBouiftiiKLjpc. ki^iVcvrT drwjdcriAg Jid BJ>NnfirnJ LlrcfUDpaikDn c F 

Di^nx NHhih mj^ muh ■:! ^hid in ipcLn uhmpthNri una i±jc Ll> jn^i^hnjib} cxhk hi k j-rcc^ Dun ukcctuc jn ^pixiis 

Mf h u C J r^it >Lp^ iln f Pjl]^[ n ^1 l^^U 

Mabae EMEBT 

Tkic Jriciaic gcoEialh ju -iKZ u Ll> pc^cbdr Bfis [^ pci Hhf I^ii^l>lL zind c^ccctii dju I wll 

ApjACEBTCq nn\lh ITIE J 

Adfjccn ^dccrsiL^ iuLkIc Lie htu^kajA pjLH.Airj h^Lal 4^^ fiT apcu lAucrr Ad_pLcil Llikri^yciti irv-Liilr cribcr 
Lbr C:l[?a ujnubc J C JLfuiJlb C kuiM^rpa firchr ^u^u JciriiL^ h ^HjrncBcL jL 14^5}. 

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S^nilAR C] NN'.HITIEf 

I \\K \zi\fz spcinh ^ JN pc^viMKLiK LIeoj^ l\>}x C^iLTi muTuls wliE-tiiAAS uu-lxIcLi in marVf coBniLiaL^ cvpc JEima 
Lhr^u^jhoLi [h: w,cii Wc uhw kii^^ chu C uThnjb^ kaJhcca oLHik njfrd u C jL«Jncj (GjiHEhc l^>S^) TLk b j 
1A cD-iincuBcdcLl cuBoiJjfti ;k L>7-r HajKcacL jL I ]995) pbcc^ C^c^x u rvxiliLi^ C. vcmni^ zinil C aihEnxiEi riagn b^r 

I lit; c^^J^■LlJ1[^ HK'^iJii iDribr fihlih^ in^itUdn Wji^kjnf^EL, Gje^ n , NcvjlLa, Lblu, Mud^u, '^';ri>Buig^ Uri^h , Nca 
IfIcaeo. a ml Cfi ki rjLhh 

BlVIP-P MHEHTAL DeSCIIFTID y 

Tlin coBruLifti} k i^Li^pr^JLl Jl JTHhdcjalc Nh kj^k c k-^^ hn rn id lie mL4injin^ niul} zhc hw-ct^TU dji v^Biv^ \>WDm 
^'HhkTini. pbun h ix'^iiJi in > 'i^uk \~iikJ^ i^f brvL^cjpr Kiluifu UH-ka."; in rurm*!^ l4hhn>Hl \alk^ Ihi^cdbk on 
mcaiini^^ ^ccjfl ^ ir>B 4crcu'o; aj>J k LDBnu^ah ^uncuLcii ^ ih ^n:L^ zinJ KlnifikN 4 ha4 ka^v ^ikcii in IL cjnnK'^iJj la 
dzinJiat; ^alcr^rDBKrin LiuL bccfimc r^bin'cty liry Lliiinii chr beer pari i>f Ic fjn^^ in^i NfLwa V^|t^ hmLNhm 
£i»lhrrriNajE bn 4 l^d£d[ cL J L ]^tH4 : HaD j rxJ Haucn J^J97k ^Hih zir^ ^ kuiiOiLi ^^ HuE^nt^ MolHhh :lk\ 
\aLCfiwK\li anJ F-iliwih MKrjlKi^ii tiz gcDcnl} vciy oj^ok-jmiLcT rxbajiH otcn ka^v jb lOL^hrrri ktrik 
cpij^^B r^iBLng ri 4 he iLij&'c Thnc Mih nu^ c^'cdLia]^ Itcldbc Htrinnb h■1c^^ of h: mmLnl^^ih jr^ flnc- 
Lci^uc^ jr>J \awc h\^ ^ jJ cr iclilBg i^pacL^ Thr h^ih jr^ M^malc^l lo lie HJibLC 'i^'cLI uid lie NumBcr aid ri be 
i^ricr4abt k \uiLs\bf •iL4\\\m2 fed ofcbr jur&cc hic idfi z\k ^nii'ii mg ^caifiJi 4 Cphwc jnJ Cbu&nrizrr h^7). 

VeG ETXTID M DEBZRimCiH 

CaruTi^rcubb l^pioil^ c^hbLi BfUKiipceifE LhhniirEinLL in I ka uhm munri^ i.vri k dcKC 4:ovcr Cjieic nduaiLEJKkr 
C iinuibzL.C >Lpxi£iln and^^r Aibcil^ haltiii BziylK ahur>Jajl in IkK ipn-c^ pihn r^'fi mHLiJiEV Lriccifiyca 
jcciiHulaln jr>J t*!^ ^pr4.t^^ ^~jn Q^Lablnk o n 4 hc^c or^ni. pcjiruKEl]} ^dujali>lfij uumLLcd kl^Ii Ttm e wliv 
lAiIb'A^ ji^ ac^ty pcncri jn I hn uhmjminriv 4 H j rncjin ^L 1^^ Mauim^ and PulfidL I^S Cmwc ^ndCkiLanri^r 

IW"! 

Wildlife Values 

Tiin CL^BQunJ ;k T^^i^n^ J \i>liok in JTCiiri aiun^ ia idcr4fjaLi^ ajKl aifjalH. hijLii la b^ii^l'i^^cT d cciinu E^ 

buvcT JclJ^EV bfiHrac^ukn uLbn connuifti} [} pc , a ml C^c^x Lirxulala k onz of I he n^l>:n Lkclr'LD puhnixr 

nc^ K'-fbiMkd h^j^vr^jiib PjtjLabiLriv jppuD cd bz L^cTchin fihr4K]>rr^cLi^^ ^lh-I jn Cajuit niihrjNLEjnii f>rC 
jLfiuLDK I}^l1^cI[ CI ^L l^^'S^'} C Jic:^ tAixuku j pji^vjik^ ^Tibuht br^ciii^ aiii tcdinfj uphjkL tr 'i^tuc rRh^ ] ziml 
Nupc Cnhm nHhn ^vILhiA I hji^idN c^J-'iila^I hbLlhsik; Ki^ng spanihwi. and tiuc K\hiT] Ib^A^ ^c? nhoiniDBh HMcnLcd 
1A ikLbn coBniLifti} (Cmi^r an:l ClnriJiEv^r tji^Tj 

Sjcce^oh 

C J r^ \ t^j^njtri J r,A'A Elr^piEzid n^chin Ihd ni-rciiph^ miTK ra I fi r^i r^aur mhiI; wikKfLwuItv kjgb i^ ric re jhkx TEu 
cojnHLiJiE^ 4^phrjl^ L^Lnj^r^ ielciL]} Ebimnl p^kL^ zimi'Hhr^ECN innhrHlp^'cd if\ Lh^-gndhid ^ ie4b 4.ka nnck [e 
\a.', hern oh^ir n cii 4 ha4 C LrinuLLa \ux hi^^run rr db Nric^ LkjL jj^ KrL^OKj]K fLhoiird ^'orEimu]l^ ■mifarrrl ncs 
KmI dcejua^c^l nIlhk dcjKri^ h 4.>b ^'fibni/c ^rmajKdl^ flhOLlcdKie^ Dlcji4ku]^ N4h fmm Lb: fiiricrnlfc ^n ujIshI 
lELcTJujjklup rihnc Nrio; aju niDiE LoukH.h'c z\> smucsxaiC •\irKuh\Aiknu^iKC TkK ipixi:^ k r^tiLAvl^ ^*S~ 
\rfcd twti mau^Auaikfmuamcc wJk \\^^\\ loH QioAeucE. coBnuikiEi tur M pol rnJ bI fihr4 bc^c %4a V; iojI moA^Liiu 
dn.iri^i. l4 her ipn.c2 nxh a^ C~ rKtin^k^rKn L iimLib4:L L>r ]>m.kajnpNB Le^prioKi ma^f jepkuv C LrinLuhla 
C ^fJ nn mji J mJ Pj^lj^ri 1^5}. 

MAhAfi EHEHT 

I bou^h C LrineutjLa pphJix'c^ tjr^e j nHHJJEi 4hf be^KJ^e e^'crv yi^w ri jppaierilK n re tiLAvty unjabu jbk Ifi Lh'csDel:. 
CN^cull^ Vr ri BaLuc^ k ii a come Krdfje 'i^rih Jii^ili zmieudN i^f iiIkti ■ en taf Leik Th: dejKe JKL'i^'firk \>i 

rhiiHhQicN aKi jimki pro^hJei exLcDiEi d cc^mhanl. nI ihHi^L »■ 
Ad J A ^ E NT C a n n u ft IT1E f 

EccjLL^c <if Lkc w, lie ck^'jL i>h] ziml ijCD^rj pk£ J I dtri ctHi Jiij] ad|U'cd upbKl LDBnruari cs ^^a rjii^e Ijub ugctiiuck- 
dcpj^ ji [he l>\hi^ rct\ al HhOT C CLC^l 4fi ZLdneiiL} fif jnhdzine ajEl uJ\j lpij>r 4xi nifrmLL^ IditjL Lj j<^ ^d|M.r[iJ dnrr 
1A e4 bnd uhmjDunri h^ im.bi:le vj rxHis ia ilb'A uhouminri hi^ ziml ^c14cr^Le^ aelnk T}pka bujhhLb an:l ScirpiK aeuLL^ 
cojDHLiftir^ HaKcn c4 a] 1495}. 

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3nilAI.C] NNLMITIEf 

Th: ^ ZLcrx ^'cm.3je9 ^'oqihlijie} cvpc k MmriiBCN jrKLuird ^ Jkjn4hr Cajuit tAixubd j IrnihnnHJil^ alkd Cjieic 
murjLalcoBmiiBL^CKnnjLkjk J993 HjrncBnziL 1^^ HjII avl ]3:LrKcn l^"K Rcjwirn R^r brnpij^ aju LhjL C jj^it 
murjLi ajKJ Cjju:^ hrihL^ra aiu wimdiBo; ljlUjiiiI if\ dA£ in^&h. Jiuy hhcm [ilixi>1 dzLuk Nkaiu NUDifar cc Dl>£jrj] 
mfJLi^QLcnN , a nJ dzimk i^f CM.k ma} bnD a cojupLiA jnhuL of imal pal4.lci {KDVjthLL L^J. H^ucnd aL 1995, 
ManruiQ jjkJ PjlIj^U 1495; Cm^v jkI CbucaLyc j 1947 H j IL >h] Hzirucji I497>. ^ff1^uf1lcn tuh^ c^^ r 4 ^ I ^n 
cojDHLiJiLhii tiL ca^diK ^lEliDfunkiLl hv ri bcr mi^DiM j^^ ifhr ^aidc \bdcwin I J^t^ ) Nti7-dA uItlI lie Cjr^A hciu^ra 
EiDH^iBEV uL\> pkam boxcil DBCo-LhhmiruiLC b) ollci^j^^hi^ \ucj EoLslcuc DcuhaBfi^u trcpcou an:l Caiuit 
mz^Bitis Gib: ri-kuuifh: jLi>u lai'c mx ni^'fifiu^^Li \\\l.',c \\hsiic', i\s ha^c Ljh^lI llcjn 'i^rih ii^ hrr cojdhlibL} cvpu 

Rmice 

Car^A ^'CNEaiia n a mapT cnniHuiik} Evpc ^.vitLa wjilc^prr^J an^ IL n kii^^n fphm chr ln]ki'ALAg aiuai ccrf rjl tw^^ 
rwa}K3N4cnL OcE^L^B C k4h\~iLi]ik I9S7 Cphwc anJ CbLbni^r 1497}: ^ clb't^^fi r>r NjLi^h] E^cL j ml chci^ hciu in 
iv[3lc m "^'^i^Bing 4 Mricin n I^JhU ^ L^in^bdil d jL L9^^1. UiHa Moud^im fi T LNzib f Pj^Ij^U d li L9^9l:mL>^ nf 
MDJlaru ^Hjrncji a tl L9KKl.Lh: ECcjiry^ t^hcLbHjnHhf^s^cn Idain ( >4KiJ]^kiLMl d >L L9^S. Janlxi^^Vy-loKi 
l^^l aad JKiAhim ]LtLhD I Jtinli^^^Lv-loKi 1497 Jaj]krihMk;K~Jki r>^ lui pirpj riii Jiijih. h-nLk k j:Ils fif Lk: CaxLailr 
MDudzLuu LA V^^lnn^JlDD ^MjU^on I9S-1 Cphwc jnJ CbuLsnriv^r L'/J~l. jnJ Lh: ^iidKiir 4hf chr Seid NcvmL ^bhng 
tbr C^Lifa mn-NcvAtb bthnJc i ( ^f:Lnu^^J jml E^^L I94S) TkrCzic^x ^'OiEaria cojdhlijie} n pjL^nhly cuuumhHhr?;!! 
ID lIkI rtu hn n C ^fa£l WB I9&IX 

&iviP.D y HEHTAL Desciiftidm 

TbrC^c^x vnranj cfi mmjiiEV 4i-r^ijn ■ vciy ^v, gnd^in ziru] ^ kJc iAd Bi^Tuk^^i. fljHhdpkiLA^.huliK jml bjuil 
D^QjDf^ Tbr Cjceic ^ c^iTJ ra 4:f>[iLJiiuni^ k jnhd 4:f>[iLmL>B}v fcojad Idk'iitlLcs, tot gkual} brjDcd Ld^t pcjKK 
pukik^ Kili>l- la b^vcr j-n rxK 4hr j<ijkK ^Llibti^ n-4HJ LliQu.anJ DllcTckiNcd Lljanugc CL^ica^EhiN l>;]al4Mhn l9Bi 
Iplanui]^ jrxJ E^^l J^J4^ Cph^c jml Ckujini?:cr ]497 JankdhMk^'-Jki r>^ |in pc^paialinnlX IL n jho jihjjeI oh poihctK 
diauKLl ^hihc^Luc^ 4hl pihnik bikQ^ m^cn'^iim N^nnf^ o^'ciiL^ ^hauKh zinJ kI ccTimNkik zLLkniiL I l ctm:^ i^khih tiz 
IkixJcii in 4 he ^pjir^j jml hah c Mzimlint; ^ jLl r L hrou^jii nnu nl Lb: MjmmcjfjPh^jn^ kcl^op ( ^ L^in^bhoi] d jL I4tt5; 
K4h\-^Lkik J-^»$7 HjrncjinzLL I9KH I'sd^cM d ti Li^9. Jtinl^-^^L^-lonii^ Li^h^: iT ro^-c>id Chuc reyct Li^~. 
Jaalxi^'^y-JojKN J997 JjJiLoh^Ly- ^ m^ lui piuparaLi^ph Th: ^priAg avl caiiv JummcT ^ alcr ilrpl k ^ jie2 frojD JIco 
o^vriO LJD rDL4.AscijalL;K t\i cspiicBl} ^rug 4lmu^h ) bu djop; hv bic iLinmc r^i r blL jn Bfis ^r^Ei ( ^fa£Lll:■J1 l4Ri; 
Ymjn^kiDd d ti I4H5; Kovatluk L9^~ Jaj]krihnk;K~Ji^i>=K Iid pr^paD^nnll Atcr^sLc Llikichr 'i^^ct Laht 4lrD jn 
bcbw tbrnjr&cc fi^vrX cm [hnii^h^hc miIikujII^ jejoilai BnEd >■ ^'cj r^ M^Lm n I4H-L; tZnhnkkik I9S7) Tka 
moBluc? fkui-iEido; pphmKiBCEii jmiLlknfi ajEl fitj^iiUJ of itcpcr muKrjl Joi] SdDijie lhuiLIk deep Tlbc-I cxIujel] 
mjr>rcLL or oi^nL Nd^'-biBN 'i^ih hi^jh hhch j nt rroiLc r jcciihuIjI i^p j ml ^ al rr hn klinfj cajo^ri^ 

VeG ETXTID M DEaZRIFTCiH 

SfCEEidrvcDk} ■ rrbirvcbK b'A id ri he Caiuit vciK^m nhoimuai^ Cjieic ^curjm b ^ t;Lrl;K ^khoiirad . ForBLiit; 
dcKcUajKt 154(1 6D4.Bri2a iAJk-Hh4o«D^ co-^-cram] ICHKr cok j r>r^ fMaMNHhn ]<J»U Kov^khiL Li^7. Cio\yc aod 
Cbu^ni^r 1497; balin^sV^'-Jopci |in pr^paEadhnnll Shji±i orliur ^pcLn tiz lajuh pjuicd ^ Eh KgL^bk coyer 
Tb: LB[H>[4jm:c of fiLb: ruMC£jLi>l ^j^^ ex ^anis <hir4fi z\k ■fitriiiJE chicuic rtri l^ ic ^ ^rmajKrEl^ ilihmjcd \rr;LL^ 
NCASopaltv fkiotkLl} of c4Lk C J r^A ^'cnu^cb uanl (MjJ^Mhn I9S-1) Fi^r cu mpt. Lk: ^dccs pioNC of 4 he CaiuA 
VLUTjm 4X1 mjminriv. 1A IciE hri^ulinf; ^alcrK ovci 3D4.B inzhc ipnnf, hk& Lnw Lln'cmri^ ajEl k LonpoKcdnhf mjin^ 
Care A ^'CNEaiB '■^ ri h b^ un cr of ulb: r ^j-rch^ mrh jit CzirrA u nnibl^ 4 M^cra n ]^t^ tZ4h\akl]ik I9S7) SLc^ ^ ih 
k^uKpripg ^LajEliDf -imcr whbk ou} di^ finbK in Ihr faD ba^'c kjghrT cn^'crfi fCa r^A Hfj^ lIb ( Lun 4 tap 7'~-t uhvcramJ 
23^i coa^An.y^v,kh h-i^ uhvcr of Dm-kajD^Nb ccipLnna CzitaBJfiPKl b ^Tiruik rn b. j ml Galum ^j^^ex (^faikop 
l9Bi Cio^c ^mlCkiLuni^r 1497}. OlkiJ^^chiN auHKCucii '■^Eh CaiuK ^rc>:aru nn ',ic}k w, i h bhn^ pcrj>ik; of 
N42ulin^ ^alcrinrLHt . MhiHtchm paliclir; CLru4hap llf-T covTT^ml^S^ cojz4jm.^h. ^muibalEuc I tu Liun 
S'~r^'fi^'cr >plI 42^r copuajK~^ I.G^lcju bHhccTiLr; SjaqjaiiLiJD ipixEi4c g Spai^^num cmcoLUD, S curyi-ai^iB I. 
^{^jjKrum fli^uLik ZL^jnii atf ud ltl. CaiuA uhrcnLlrj nhty^iiiB j j^^ e^ Phabm apimJjnu'^;! ajEl Ucrxiibna 
Npcch^l^^aMMhn 191^ Kox-jLrhl. Li^~: H apica d aL I4H3: CmiA c ajil CIjucj]ev.c r Li^~. knknx^L^loKi I49S}. 
I]cLI rr LiduiEd 'ric 'i^hi.kzLc? fkioitLl m ^pruifi biri i^zy jh^ibqiet aie co-4kiBLPalnJ by Dc^hsmj^a 4.i:^pifiNi< k^ 
Llan JZ^r covTT jml VS'd ^'fi mJ^m-jK) ^i A^Lci FofcacnK i^s.', chin J2'~r LOhciziml 23^* ^vi ml am.} ^ ^fa£L^OJ] L4H-L; 
Konkkik ]9S7 Cph^c jmJ Ckiuinri^r J997X OiIcik^ch^ Lonmojik viwiccucd ^ Eh Caiuic \QurjrEi ■cb^c 
dpiib btLhIt Oiur\ JKtm^cjKC ( kxi 4 hap ^Tr co\cr jmJ -LJ^l cojtrijm^h Cjre^ Hf La4iLr^ FpiLtuim ^al wpji 
Atfc^Kra 4X1 rvmbnKL. C^Lum N^c hiN. C J mi^NB L^iajTuriii Mcplka zin ckr Scuxi^ ipixk^ aid l< hrn ( M jLIkop 
|i^>K4.K(ix^khh: l4H7:E{ajKCPCl jI 1^^ Cphwc jmJ CbiAnri.^r 1497; Jajituh-^kr^iKK |jn pc^paialuhol}. Due lo 
ki njjj^nhdi 4hf Ebodmg 4 he coy^t^iI mosm Li.lcrr; ziml lr'cnAf>aN a kw In LHhnJoKl Lbr gPTUul Dcrihcrbare or 
dccf U4crf iMBLPga yc3i hycr\ 
Wil dlife Valu_ej 

Tb: CacEic ^ lutj m uhouminri^ k Lonmoplv tuo^ kcJ h} cLLziml b^iok cipixbl}v ■ qlU ot hic njmmcT, \yhnNC 
hDinx-mkvp]y 4.turn Lk: Mh J C M JL4KOP I9&i Ko^-jkhA. I4H7: H aKca cL j L ]495 ; Japtuhnky^Jki r>^ | la piupa rai^ nil 
Gn^ylv lEa J J hnh larj^c fihrPhnLi Bchn cojdhli dev ( NiuLM a l4Ri}. l>:pcpdBg op i.va4cr k^'c h; Catz\ ^'CNLaria 
hri^mk aiE imj<irlapL Iccdintjziul n^^Ln^j jr^j^ In r ^ al rifc*!! L nbzlIL JTCLQimak. ajEl l4 her hiid^ 4 Koh'jthil. L9^7.Cio\hi^ 



jmlCkujini^r I^ir97}. Ciuov. \^%a.3wa rr>L4 bjL^ bun a Llikk ^^lI '■^ hLli KlobilL^^N umk roi si iramkinkc an:l cj^alr^ 
clccf asrmv, clnnacli we h ovcrb n^jjn^ ^'o^vr In r fnk ^tZovakiiiL I^7.H:l[koji a jL L9SlfJ 

I.ri4t b l.r>niA ■ afHHJ I Ltkutccnitci ru 1 4h ubh-^ fi rL]>r C^c^x ^'^raju ^'fi m munri y Thr Hhcitjinr fi FlIk 4ximjiiunri^ aiu 

n J :^itit Ihn^Lrr^i L^mmuni^ jn ukI j.al i>1 h;K ^I^^P D^sI fr>rn]jLi^B nji JOJT>r ^ eci ^ Kd^'j k hil: l^JH^ Ksmzn c1 al 
l^>SH) TiiLS ri A4ka±i(ijl Ikal UH:4.r^NHhn NhnkbrrC^c^x Npc4.>n. ia iLw/^i]^ Hhrnkb: r jiioJ^ fi r Eoje^ cojnHiiBLc^ 
i.vi]l HK*^!! J LiakhL^ z\k LvlIji^Ih^jt LL^odEhOEK 'i^ ki.ii pr^JTKiLc C J r^A h'^u^ra aiE jkcjud pHhrricajDpt. [f Ik pihnJin^ r, 
c\un\T\j/kcc\ ajEl Lie wdcr4abk b'l^'ccnl h^ ikn bL ciu ri^ci. '■^'^ tj rxJ Lliainin^ lUBn^TiL i^f bcdhrT ziml [brLr4L m^. L>r 
|]|lm^4hl ^ritimk 'Arih icduncoJ . Lh: KDib ^jlldrv prDJiKiLin^ C jj^it tk iLutu j SaLtsj^^n fir^^ Lli qidje Lliyjn^J 
mciL In rh^ J ml 41 rajn»o Lh C >4KJJi44>kiL-J n :lL I^S K^i-jkhil: 1^4(7: HajKcn cL j L ]^5X ]f ijnrr phi^cN i^f Czlc^k 
^uhTjra arc ^^^'c r^jiaycii. I k: ^'fi mjui nriv may nHh\c Lhh^ jjiI LVimjraDLC b^ juc^hr fcjtn Czlcek ncluau'crKn EViJ 
pidcrKK rhatair; zlqj niliiucEa PUium pjalcru: 4hr l< hrr ^nmiiKi ji& ( Konkkjk ]^t£7,Cmi.vc aul CLlkhei^ct 1^7). 

MAHAfi EHEHT 

I \k ',cm^fc^m3l^:M\y ilhndcd dur\ ^'Oikana hri^mk aju rwiL imul} ^javcd 4hr Impjcl i>l h} en r?;ii »■ zinJ nkh: rwrc 

Hnhwc^'cr jI lAribinik aju lIdukcI l^e fiBid iiiTchr k}'c1phb£i;K ol hcn^ kc j LcjeiI ^ uh-L ax r^ rTHh\~il of h< j^vr avl llcir 
diBK) 4 he LL^mrnunriy '■^ il lI^j p^ j r^ H j rnra n aL I^S) L rrcuiiicl. tf4ja]K a^DiJ ckIiebcI^ -fl--^ nr^abi. Mhib Inri 4>n 
Nrin lAiihih l1[^ by hie uunncr. gn^ug i^f CaruK ^rcjrjiu 4^n OLLur^ Ko^'j L: h^ ■■\4t~^: Cm*!!? ajKl CLiL^nEv^r I9*>7). 
Cjrex ^'CNLaiB K jTHhdcjdc^ Ld bijjiiK pjbiabt >nd4.>n bz unporiarri in tuc Kuni mcE '■^ ben fiLk: i Ebajf^ ^ L^^u 
j^^ibhk ]l A Bfire pahlabk lLjuCjcex Lrirxuhla aiii jtel^ \k Kckdcd fDrNJarKCJi ^ aL 1^^ : Hal jml Haatra 

1^7) TIeoj^ [ br 4k rnc nhkI dICjieic ^Quiaju c^a^^ ^rjv in^; anJ [ rj mpLiAg 4L mage ^ H j rnca n aL I^^SH) Hhvciiuc 
cjn liimjfc uiih ce^kirc Caiuit vciKTirB li>\cj twti fn\siHKC i\om\Ma-nzc h^ o^kii mcNL gnBiruhuk ajvl £iD?:Bg 
L^kDiL hh±iiCKDh^Li]ik 1^7 Cji^^c aul C tHKai ?:cr ]947x Vl^oiesIc^I n^chin mrh l^ Dcu hanpiEL 4:nprii:iu wB 
J h4> 4kc re j^c umJcT hi::L\ ;k sn^Bg 3kI kuc patutik ipccEi UH-kax Aijuil^ bHlhLU^ ^ ilL im re j^c ^ H j rnca n aL IV*J5 ; 
HiIbhI Homkh l^~'\ E.v^MLa}\w ibc CDBOuibi) ma} cfinvcri Ifi Cac^x rKbiai^crnK ^rciwlL ^pcL>:^ ^Lkka.s 
Fbkin ■urtdirBi'f^ Tbr uhouiiuni^ ihiHjll oiil \k ^luyrd Ifio k\v, k\z\uiz\k vr^jLi^acjn jul fjrKihon t.', a 
Ni>limcil lUcE Cjieic ^ruiaju r^c Ursine id iE4LH.Bg ciimi^b ami :^abili^ m^ d ccTimhanl^ lIic Ld i^Mhd fDiBuit; 

rhLHhmcN k n ah^ dI k^k ^ jbK fen^dbml lE^rg^jLi^aCHaKcacL jL 199^ H j]l ami Ha men J^J97 X T^ Cdiuit 
^L^iTJiu ^ximHLinE^ 'A ilLKinDJily m be njmmcioi lalcbrn Lliy Flie 'i^lI rELhuc Lriccraml LBLJua^c pjiMkHJ^i;K 

rDDC^vciL ^'cajN Hi^w^^'cr. if pud JXflhi aiu c\iy cmiLi^h llc^ will hum bnL amJ LDICarux ^'^raju rtu^DBi^ (Kfi^TLh-kjk 

1 1^7. C ru^-c jm] ClHKbi?:cE ]^7 X 

Ad J A C E HT C q W W U H ITIE S 

ObkJu wJk kinjj pcnxLiHhfKlamlint; ^alcE JLlpLcri 'i^'^timJ ^'funHLiJiLhn tiz nrjri'f juje n4 j mk 4hf KCBi-Hf uc k 
nicn ilhai in^ t2vi>l pbinJs Thc^c ^vi mjiujiE hn jm bi:lc \ki|-r^ijju^ JCLfiu In-l^a niBciilK ifaBmiib Cac^x 
aLlKPiiLk^ GIvcc ra spc^ kc^ Rh^^jub spixic^ Spar^iBLiB ^pr^»r^ twti ULrinibiia NpcL>:N ^ \bdchxi n J^J^ 
KnhMkkjk ]^Jtf7 HajKCBcL jL J^H^X ^'brc? wjLce k^vh Lln^p in IjLl ujJDBcr a^iu'crri ^cUcruhmnunri h^ ma^ Ilmb 
Dnrihc ^hthrelLiir brb^A Cajuit vuhrjra UH-kax ujmkHhl F~kL^kajA hc]tj ami hlfUKdiiB ancjnc (CinvF^aml 
CbiLsnEV^T l^~\ ^,z\pA.-zM uhmjminEh^ i^BKrin ^knhdn in trie ujmmcE wik a simiL r^i rKL^Iri Ik flikE m[>Bluru 
rrgiiDr Ji Car^A ^'ChhLTim. im LhIt Cjieic Lri nLuhla. PhibLrn J niiiiLnaLU EknK haiD palsJ m Cac^xaE^lik JLiuiui 
ncv^ilrrtu^. C J rex b^KiLajja. jikJ Dr^himjflia ccn^Ll^u lMjLI^ub L9K4. Kd^'j k h^ ■■\4t~^: Haucn d a] IQHSiCm'AC 
amlCbLUQi^r ]^J97 Jaj]krih\^ kj-Jb rKN |jn prepaid uhalV Nc iglbn nn^; ^'fi mjiij nE hn db^jxi mjr>rcLL mjI. jm LhIt Salu 
N^chiN \)'fcii \c 2 SalixVEViJ pjalcnin} EVi puLis [ re mub hJn^'lilymiL^ ^Lixui. Wsmk ^pcLE^ Yot poicrnB 
DQ^chimfi^Lj ^'^pEou- Ari ruam LHhc^HtHKa Cac^x JLfiuLilK-l^iN^ hanpiK ccipri4hN> Phkum aLfijnjJn-C'airx 
■iLfiuLiln VaLLinmn ihx uk n j k/CabBa^iJi^^ b 4^n3ik n^ k jmJ Cjbimagmhrin ^jru^lcmn ^MaiL^on L9^. Kn^TLh-kik 
li^'Jljrncj] d aL 1 9Klf . Jtial^^^l.^'-lDKi |in pjujacuhnnl I Ad_pLCJl Lliy LcEJW.r^ amlupbiiic jre ^■loricLl b^ 
AricmKB I lik naLa^Pfia ciahrku jmJ ^'fiJiEfcm UH-kax Fjnji uhrrinAa Pt'cii CBgcLnunnu Jid Abc^ tuk^^qia (MaLlKi^a 
I^^JU-KflXTikhil: l-WTiCmTAcajKiCbiL^ni-oirlW?). 

Cd HSEEVAHfr N R^NK 
&?mfr BJAUTHD 1 

l'^J^H^H^^/CHR[S MURPHY 



53 



COyWL&^niCaCRED-OElERDOGWOOD) Ehmbland 

SmuakC^ HHuymES 

rnmh^ trTh-T.i p; j ^-(1 mjDunri^ 4l:ijniju n LA NChrjs] auoLial i^u TLk LL>Bmiifti;K bi>\hi'c^'cr. beta [ hr slnxrunl 

Ha^ nri ;k L^f 4 he irihcrl^j^^ E^rciumpk lie AhiK iDLau^fimK ^rx'^Ti twti CnhciiK icnc^Ti-S >fe sp I) J^^ fphm 

Ncvjili 4 Maaning aid l^d^dc L'/JSl Tb: c^bdhnrnkip L>f 4 hii ^'fi miminE^ ^Llirihc Chhciuc ^nL^n-'l^ccu Lhjjd Ljotuqi 

zLrtdC icn-o/i^Lum [nflMum L} pi:^ &DB Heal] >h] culcn Ubbn C ^ Min^kinl d jL L9^^ l^d^dL d al L9KV1 b 

LiJirk^r 

&iviP.D y HEHTAL Desciiftid y 

Thn L^j^ A4^ph:jl^ adpLcri Nh ^luajn an:l in rr lIu nnrh. hJ i cjnnK'^ijp^ a Lih'c ni ;k ■=■' bnHfn rnu \l quv jppur 
JN li^EKC iBcaibHiiic o n ziLin bI brriLlc^ ■ runuw ^~j h^^hek fi rhnxi^l [JitkEJ^ on ntimk avl ilh^LlptjirK fil rru^r 
N^ccTimN ajvl rrvza ]l n\t) j h^h hk*^!! r o n ^ c 11-^ al ciud k J u bcl^w br>\ c i ^lairr; \}\m\ Lcuin^m-rc ha^r c^ ulrrKV 4hf 
jRH^I i>r rKJTjnnul ftioLimg^Maaninji tm.i l^ulfiric Li/J^. HaJ jrKi liiKcn 1^^) S^ihol Lbn coBmiiki^ jr^ 
cbL^silhiLi 3.', iT\LCfi£K\hi hjl^nh; or hloUnhh "^ h: r^ k J q^ j r^ LktiIclI HKriK tic L^fchr h:4i\c ilhnLlptjin :l Lri[cr/4kiff 
ti^cr2 inrh^ oi qioie Lkhrk rru^ JcciiHulal c ^rhcc kin/firn jr^ ^'fimpnrcd i^f > 'i^hJc an^ i\\ jIL^elI mricmb; 
1.V J k Lci^ucn riin^in^ fniijD iJlv 4.b}^ 4fi ^aiiHy bam^ Tlcic byrn BziylK c^triivcl^ Kkj]ki'ii L>ra^4kcp a^ ^ C:cL 
UiKlciljjn^ bL^ct 2[? 4 yp JTJ lly cuai?^ atwt^ ^rj^vh twti LuN^tN Ikjl bLilLi4c4hc m^vcBcd i^f acoccd gnKiJKl^ jLcr 
tlimii^h I he NtiTnjc&cc b^cn ^iith ma} hr im^AaiL brllc kin^c^EVHhl dzLuk ^'al rr a^TLibhjlEv aagn Tufm kgk 
1A b: r^ [ hE [} pc Lcuipr^ fbiMlpbun imjnrduLch :L<l_tJccn zo adh'c ^hau>rk co k\-iL i^n upper c^mc^c fLhodpL la ieci 
MdM td ^rMl ^iIi^^lI Nihih nia> iM^JurC ^f2nu^4■ ziml E^g^ 1^5 H j II jh] H^eucji I9<>7; C runv jh5 CkucaLzEr 1^7^ 

Cdiheih-cuh biH&i <trnc , cLhNi>l ^^ranp} i^dcji cxckiJ irm LiJElmLDry ^hii±i aj>J hr±iaci>HJi ^pixcs CDiuaKcixca 
n miuh [hrnhn]} Kj^^h^ i^ik \\^^\\ ci^vrT vikx^ ^kcl^b^c^I n^chin ^Tiry 'i^rih gcofjnphiL bLalHhnarKi ck-^rihnn.hiJ 
cojnBOJit^ a^HKEiicLl ^hiii?s mckiJc Rdu ^nhd^u Rhu ^uJ^oDEinim ALcrfjbbniB. Sa]LK dti^ui. S kica aiii 
CtniJib k^ulhzibfa BixHKCHhf riN 'i^uk dof^ a jie^ dncE?;!} of h: rbkccoLi^ kj^^h^ tiz auHKcucLi ^ EJichr; 
CDJDHLiJiE} unul^ jn l>w mvcrlNfauiLiig Aid Pad^dc tia^S^ Hditrad aL l|^5; Hal^Eid Harnca Lji^T^ C rn'A'c dud 
CbhBnyzcrl99T>. 

WjLDLifE Values 

Rrci-[M>rrdD^fKic1 pphvik^ RkicI ajKJ cd^'ctIht ouik deer qhmmc cLL UKLL^riji r;itt>ii luh^ihihr kjj^N. jrxJ nLsny 
bnk T\k faiL^ aut tm unpihrlaEl hcukb^rlnod twti tiz altn Allien h^ Mhntri-iLiik;. jipkl^ e^i] pajliij^c ^iJchcnjL 
LIL4A <hxL^.cro^N rrurc twti l< hrr jmrnmah I kc ^Lipg ilcnv, zindhar^ tiz cairn h^ lircrBkLC, mcaiin'ii ^'oti. jjkJ 
ol kc J KB2 J jotk dN Rrd-oihrr4kgwL>ihd o±cn gm^As m lIcuc ri hi.LcLi hcLaucc of ris b^cng ahiLriv Tbnc Ik^kdN 
pn^h eIc 2*k\c\ rnut-dccT Es'i^ninii ar>J rcjnn^ziccTU arKi r>:^liBg kjhEjL Tor nun} NHhntJ^Liik; iHnmcn d >L L'/JS. Cidvf^ 

Sjcce^oh 

I ht; ^ ci>Kkikrc<l an c>i^ NrnlcojuouipL} 4^phrjl^ CDlnnLii^j Nrin jlI^cciL Ll> iliuajni Tkc hcinccMK CDvrr a 
nicn ipanc. pnttuhlv 4kjc I4h4hc lItekc fi^'ccsJHhc^ Lajcp^ ajKl ic^b r fkioding. u'^iLiiinfi ^od dc j^iNri uhn The hMcr 
fadHhrn pjulKih^ JEipi^utik R^r Jiurt aining c hn us a pcnedcd uhmnunriy \'ffc nn Ihc brKlN^Tipc The pnixcnrc nF 
Lai Kliniw 4hr I [?n in uunc ujjkK mav luprcNcd situ-nici n 4fiiA >nl AIjil^ lU-aKJ RhpuLL^ 4 n-bxTiqia P LrunuL^Li^ 
^ anfuriifblu PLca c n^jclnupniL FS;ni:hKui^ ■cnzt^ii. nr dI her cojDoiJJBiiLi 

Mahae EHEHT 

Th: kcjho^couc hihrnj^L^ \~iiki ^ kIc]} ^nd ii bi^^l^ itpciKJcil onchc lVq^ev fi fLhr 4kig^ lhkI cj r>n p;k (C m^A c ajiH 
CbLuoi^r ]947x I^alB^s tr rcLl-HKn do^fKid jakujhLil;K hhrln'^^HKk rjn]j^ fium L^ ( Manjiing nul PHl^dc 
IWS Crowe a rkJ C bi^nri v^ r Li^~ I Ifi '^c cr^j m" 4 Ha rncjin nL IV95 Ha II jh5 Ha mcp Li^~ I. htri 4 hr ua nL^ nc? hhI cb 
N4h 4k nic [hu zhcy ]imi gD?:ii]£ jn JTun} inxc, TIik CDBmiifti} diiLlihu m^ h ji-kL} firiA>;r^4fi pji^BfiLc sr^jm 
hnhh. Kcd-osh: r4ki^ i>nd fihrniN4tn^c mvi wc\'aoAx Lkjl ujbdE^r ur^jntKjnL^ a^jjmJ hi cdI liiLu^j jekJ cniiicin^ 
proh j:Ii:£ fo^vr In [ hr fnrm <if Dhcrhin^in^brarKhr^ nnd bants >kI ihMkN lJu nich. c It^i n c^ mLMkniLLn^i cur^mc 
NumjDcrlcBpcjaluj^ fLtdual hhek CE{a]l ami Hjrncji ■■\H^7k Do^wuhkI NpnTui h ifHHmLLsly jfccr ^ fEiE ajiH gcnnimdnn ai 
k\ Nccd-Kinl. n N4LniLibc<l b^ iku (Cii>\^2[h1 CbtKnJ?:cr ]947x 

Ad J A C E HT C q W W U Fi ITIE S 

dccjLL^c nl Lh: ^ j:k gcnfjnphkL jaji^c r^rlkK l;rT^ LDEnmunAn^ a f Jil^cciL upbimk can be cdbiIcjl4u fL>[?^. a^pcn^ 
N>^bnKh-ucppc Aid puL^i^k-^iBipcr L;kj<^ 

Cd H be Kt ATlfr Fi Ri^NE 
&HW[mf AtiTHDl 



60 



SmiiarC: NNLymES 

Th: uhmjTuni^ k cuiL;k rucDgourdh} 4 he aKiKlaiLc iiif Duk hum 'i^hkii Dcrihcr rTH>[H»|-r<.LrE. L>rs gni.vii]g ^iviti 

dJil^a Tcvi fiLb: rK|<vc^ C LJLiEik ajKl Mu^ty 1^5 Haucad al I4H&>. 

F^HCE 

M iDcr I ;K|^ u ^f^ rri J ru Idaini Or^^ha "^'aihB^fi n >kI j-nN^hl^ V^ jri^Qiiot; 

& VIP.D Mfc^EHTAL DFf^llFTID y 

I \k ^xi m mini^ ix*^!! r^ 4h\ cr miJ>rcLL u ih; Q?nKL^ peal firmiH-Lfin ajuai^had jie KSMhnaDv 4hr ^ rmajK n ly ilhndi^l 
i.vJkNk9]b'A \¥jLct Ib j ^v, ptM.n [ ficuun jlI^cciL Lhh ^pkagrum \\ai iKuwfc IWI) In ZvlDriaoa LiiK CL^BOuifti;^ 
Dccun la itpiE!^ i>Ki] ^clbiih (Ijel^iceIIv ^LjcuI ^I k^t^ ) zinJ 4hn blic nuj^ui ( Ha mrn c1 al I^WKl 
Ve6 etx tid h Descflipton 

Tbr DuLliLijn ajuruiuaLcum ^vimHiinE^ 4^^ r^nf rjr^ ncciiiTEBCc zinJ poi>r^ Llr^crb^ ]]li]h:hum ziniJiilijncciiH 
LjpuD} ficciir; ux j mo nr-LukiiiE 'i^rih fr^ hmluLlJ ^j^^t::^ Mnor jmixjjii i^fchr ] hzHhohirr; pali^ib C'ajuit 
jLfiuLjIn C limojj orC kHccaija bzl^Ik pjuvrrri Tk: ^'funHUJiE^ 4»ccii[^fin iM^^niL Mjh fin bLr maj^uuzLul mav 
OLLurnhD IiulI or ILidint; bjLi 4 H j rncjin :lL I^^SHX 

Wildlife Values 

InfnrmjLuB tuk ^viiLbLc 

Sjcce^oh 

DuhckiJB aumJinu'fuiD a uhEnhJciud j ilabt.bjif ]n i>l ^xudhlijiev rivpc hi^wc^vr. it^ al ciinfi ajKl HJ>Ki>f iciL 

c1i>:4hm piK J !>■ of oi)^ nL wiih ma^ cnuh ■:! jhii lan^chin Lonpi^^ L ho n <hir In ■^udb b;K ^-^L^r K|-rc h^ oun 

inLiEHC in ipixcs nirh J:^ Cj r^ Y Hf u4iLn 

Mafia e eheht 

Djl41£iIL ^jn ma} maVc EKCununci:^ ^ccoabk Lo holk^Bi^kL ajid vf^ ^arug ^oinab ia khrh chkiU cawc iiiLi>l 

J ml kimjiHhrL} Mhibnn Bzic^rn Tk^c Kin ar^ ^ciKml^ k\ wd airin piuckiJc mo^ Ifl"^ of ieliesJ nul u^ci c:clcj< 

Ad J A C E BT C q W W U B ITIE S 

Tbr Dulchmn j niiilBJCEUB uhmiminiy 1^7^ fm{Licril} nLLun la j BnuH. of Biii r>nciilur^N lVi mjroicLl by Caiuit 
aiifiDLilK.C jj^it tAiM-ukiia , dur\ Iiqhhj a miVa r S pki^iiiB k j^ch^ Adjircd upbnii^c? damisiLi^l b} nnEtn 

Cd HBEKViNnaB R^MI 
EPirPHiAUTHD 1 

4T-a]HHSy Mih:] JantuhviLj^Jona 



61 



aHX:/A^A[SAUlfi7nG(COr4MOHSPIICERUSH)H€ibac£DusVeg€tBtiDn 

SmiiarC: nnluities 

Inuiinr csk^ z\k l.tnLlurn palfrirn ma^ be LDBJLKnJ ^aIL E mdclkuj c^pc^Bl} [f [ hr ^i^Lnm fi f^ muclbia aru 
mK pm^cn nrmx nhvi:4K Bc^iie Df4hc ptaaJ^^ojc hJciLri^ A mKuk n il Jial i>a i.vi] ucTJuk laLb: wiuag LOEnrnuai^ 
L^pc ajKJ Lin iiu 4>a 'A k^h ri hE} occur aiu vciy diflcccd cc4>b£jr^U^ 

^tc^kaji^ jabfzrn k a fciJUBfi n ri^^ la Ca lEfoinEi. C[>l>rKJci Uhh? MnrriziEB , Ncvnria Dic^n. UCa h. WKhi[i^[>H, 
V^^^hmint; aKi SaiLali-hd^Tin liucjiul^ i \ux \xzticUki\^M^\ liom cvcTy \¥cscm^aLc citrcfri ArLnfL^ul J^cvf 
^lnAEU fBMir^cPhnj rxJ Fji^Iki^ ]^J^ . Auk rwi n d aL i^}\i\ 

BlVIP-D MHEHTAL DeSCIIFTID y 

TIk fitoLJurn palfrirv; ccijnHLiJiE} c^pc k fiKiJiH jL h-i^ l^i bdiItciic ct\dHhn^ ^r>rcLL^ la't^ik b^ ^rjclEri 
^>Lk;r^4hl jIL^hipc^ Sec^ >ic -fl--^ hL^irn ft>i>Jpbw. mcatk'ii^ ^ja^'clbaji ajKl tjkc cij^i \z k L^piLal} iriNrici 
Lhii J re pr^K [o ^'CJii^ fLuLlLAg hhc j^nuc eI Nuiiacc i^ricr V^lcjc hrir^TirTU >ic pencil zhcy aic koifjca^ C~ ^nJ E 
hriccTim L^pn Kt\~i4hnrn rjn^c liom I ZM Lf> Ji kt.'A ^.7CHh l^cL dcj^mlin]] on tricLuk ^HaKcad al l^5z M. inning 
jmlE^gnl J99.'^ Cph^ c J r>J C biiiinri ^ r liW": li >L ziml Ha [KCB 1^7) Si^^Hhfciin cojnKiBL> [}pc ajc cb^ulcLi u 
lFlD]lEmh, FriHhh HtriHhh twti lwtK\t\wx>\ Tc7iiuuc% arc vinaht jaji^B^ fphoiKrin LkjL jrc wcry coajv:- liagmc rt 
ix b Nh HKh: n Ikal aic Liccp jr>J l]r>r-[c:uu[^l The ujiiKV biaualiv cilL inLM^^nhL BaiLcraji:! Lie lELcucuumLibcin 
ma} hkji:l inci rxh hlH.1. fi r^aphr mLH.I.KDL TIk flncHcx4Liicii up^ r bi^mnhn^ n Hcnj fkc fphm ziLkn bI LJ^pL^^ L »■ 
S^mk-gnhck. jml cohhk^ LiuuD} ^vi ml riiric 4 he rruiDhcd} fil Llcc^m±t5urtjcc m jLciiak ^ Mauimg Jid Pad^dc 
l^S riu-^amirkiuirJKTlWT-HaD^mlHarKcn I^W7j 

Veg etxtid m Descriftqh 

L:t4>Lkaji< pjLh^Ji< a >p jf^rcKiAV. ThLrfi malfiia k j^ch^ Ikal JKJiiy ciccLHkN aD o4 Ict k^chin fphoi oriabbha^ any 

N^oiTkuri CL^vcT Ci^EnrnDP JhKL^Erin in Jii^^LuLi^ iecn iiKbit ^bj^^ujir; jcl^]k ^fcdha aj-L-crnc f^ijncK 

crnpiL^ FLr^iclarn jcjnjbic Caics Lri nuLLi Gl}i.cju %f\\ ami PkabrK apinJinu'^^ C3aMJDC iecn Hf b^l ^pr^icx, 

Nu:h 3.', Ilippiini vuLf^rK UlruitjLa ^ij]g>ni ajKl PcNzinio^LDP u4jrn ka^'c hjgh co^cr 

Wildlife Values 

Umai] TAMacr, fil LkK l;rT^ jLhn^KliramN rT,zr\ bVn zinJ nzxcj-L-ojn pm^uk \~iluhk feeding zinJ nuLuif jrcji br 

i.vdcrtci'ii L fitciclurn pabfrirn jr>J a^^oLcalrd phrE^ >ic j vilubk mlip.c dC IhlmI zini] uhvcr fihc VF~jLciiL>wl Wibl 

LiPfubLL^ ^cLi:iJD bm'i^^c LiiK kjbriai L}7-r4Lic l4> 4% b'A pabLahilEv{lljll ami Hjmcp Lii^T] 

Sjcce^oh 

F^I^LI M ti C L9^91 ^Li^rcl Ihd Ftfichirn p>b»zrn Lan c^pjcicd zincjilv ^ja]K^ch:N L>n pihrnk Jid ilJcaHbap^ 
lAbirc ^alcr A Ji Hhcjltohc Lb: ^icuml njcfacc V; ^Jl jLi^p ficcun o^'crcioic HKhrruhmjiiunri h^ nxh ai C^rux r^^iala 
ma} [^pLcc e Hfi^iVcvcT, 4kic Nhchc cnnnJ lh^L uLuqiclI CDidEhnrn jnJ Llcatr ^nii'Ai h 4hf EkDcka ra jabfirn nrKV 
fLMBnJ ^Izinik; a ppca i LlEfThLiil NhdKpbcc zldJ mj^ pcjinJ a^i-Enax ^v^jcJai djl IfiAricrkYek sibc. ScjrpiK ipp anH 
T}pha liLifnlEL ma'^ he abk Nh njppkid F jaLiujK HaracpcL jL^ ]i\H^5h ^vc L4>Kncd LluL lIeLij±hilc can drjs hrj 11^ 
NkiH lie ^v^cJrinc CL^■pL^^ L JOB fi fLkK I ^j^ 4fi'i^TLnl LDLJca^ THhr B^Tidc J N^ch^ iLH-liax Hnhcdcum ^i:a£LiB 

Mahae EMEBT 

SoxohB} wc4 CL^idricirn jnJ ^vf ^thisb^y nf^]aK\am fis\v,lwik Lmri lie £in?:ii]£i ^tlLc of IkK \yfc 6?j Lvcucii-t 
c-^ ca chinn^ droujiH \^:in ^lenupbid fihrj^c Llik^e^rl^ jr>J lIei baLl: ^ Koh'j Lrhil: L9^~l Secn c^'^upied b/ Lhn L}|-r 
arc rivpra]h iniiitiicLl i>ral kju ^almalrd Ebi mixh Df4he }CjrKi> ai4o pn>.liJc m\M\ ilrvckpjnrri TrTimpLBfi 
lLibzl^c jr>J MhilLiiirjim^^icciir; ccii^lih ^ Lb Lf^csoL^tKL an:l m>^ refill in a hkiH kii^anl bojc LlBnj±iajirc cokjait 
N^chiN UH-k JN Ho niaijn _^i>alLijn , C J rcA K^ONi-CPin , zlehI Junew IkjIliic LH>J jjkI HaoKn I4*>7k 

Ad J A C E BT C q W W U Fi ITIE S 

DiK rio Lb: ^ j:Ic gco^Dpht l]rI rtu hnji 4hf clip L^i-r^fucd upbul uhoimuni lex jru varrd. irKliHng ihp±H:^cppc^ 
lALXiLlfajKl :Lnd4xinitmm Eojcu cvpr^ Mjscctk rifjran LDBDUipLn bzl^Ik 4kBLAalrdb} ZLncL^La]^ vnrvcl 
■ihL^oilmcrE ol L}p::c inLliJui^ Lln.ikHKL^ In res l:LJNhji±i b^ ^hii±i zind he^KJCCMK CDBnunJk^ 

Cd H be P:V iN Tlfr Fi RaNI 
EfllFD Hf AUTH D ■ 

?S-L2-tJb:.'H lliwcty 



61 



HHKHAPtSIDSIHIAR {BEAKED EPIKERUSK) Heib ac eo us Veg etalDO n 

SmiiarC^ HHLymES 

laM^iJ^ru Kaucn l\ al {14^51 Ijmj^ :lIL Lnhmbual uhnt fif ^ mudbLa anJ ^ paixifkua \s4i\ ar t~ pauiiEbia hibiai 
t}pc lIjc Ll> luiLibLrth^ in cm iPhnBcrriziL L4hnJ[ hr-JK aj>J mauficBcrri 4xirK'crTU C4>NcrvdHhns la MiiiAaKJ by l^^hij 
[ L^^]^ jnJralc 4 had rihc h jL-^cbzi uuculihaK dnl lh.1 . jjiH jJ ku£ pari aLb^ Lkcimupkik . uollkc ri he T. jauLjflhci 
type In MiiDC caio;,[br Etficlurn nDuc]tjLa majKh^c ci^nijmJ i.vik E paloJiii cipixbD} if 4 he ul^LeuhhI F- PhdcLbdJ 
jrc EH^ pjEicrri Hhriiri 4»tih jmK Re niiu i^frihc ptanJ i4nic dcriri^ A mAhJciljfud ci n wiELieiliI jnrihr 'i^mn^ 
cojnHLiJiri^4y^ zind^hc Kin on ^hLkchr^ iMJuiraiE i--zzy dJbiuiM i>:4hb£ra]l^ 

fitL^kaiK jl-^cILLi k a mjr>nr[^pc ia]LLaki^ MDJlaju ajiH Ycfc\hi^Diir Naibn] E^cL, W}i]iDLAg^ j nJ ULiy aciur m 
^L^iiLJi^L^B Bii bh Cnhhimhu ajKl dI her pariK af W^ minf^ 

&\"P.D ■J'H EHTAL DeSCIIFTID y 

I ht; Li>Hniuni^ k lEUJUlnlcD Lb: rma] j re jn [>raiEai wik :LLka]ir>r HhrijIiiiEHtLb ^uii. cipci-bD^ ai z\k wt^Mbcimcd]^ 
of iS; doliixJihn. Il a >bo lL4inJ amiiid L^klKpna^ in Llr^crl Lan^in^ ]l Lcuin in ulcjuHhrrianc ^TLLk;r^ 4 LcNiLa 

l^^h) m wcl hoxuK aKi aiiiu'crri 4o N4r^jm^ rrvztr ami pDK^ (HaB^n d >L Lip^J^I Tka uhmmunri^ 4^pc n kii>^ n4fi 
OLLur ID J ^~jrKi} crNHhih fr^jn juhl h c k 4kc p Di^^niL Ll> a]k>kj>: anJ 4.>L>ir4HJi £uDi. Lhh unnc VtCi ■uicial Mhik chu 
J re direcl]} m ciiiElad ^ cii 4 hriaaL ^ jLcji \l nLLun inipjin^i FclI lAritauic 'i^hxli aru uLuqicl] 4 hnxighixri Ike \^jr 
Dica 'ii ri h 'i^Tuc r aiJiniJifi Dhcrchr ^r^unJ ^urfjcc chmii^h I he s j rKk 4 \liKct} l^^'} 

VeG EUT!D H DESCFLimCiH 

I \k i^hinmiini^ ij jri Kiims Kai mo ooLuhLiiE^ an:l ma} arcuru ■ nfuikis^ mri.Di mj^ he m^iu op^a'Arik 

cojKikrjhLr ajuas^il hiur loi], ^m^vL n^cL ajvl l^^ji ^ jLcr ^ Mi»c L:v I9*>5}. HaincBcL aL I ]945) ildc4hu B. 

muc]biia LhhQLimcN a h-i^ 4kiN Ikaji 10 cjnl hirhcu'cnLL^ bi^r 

W;Ln LIFE Value s 

Tlin CDBmiifti^ n j mhjilc of gc^ca hhcijjc cjiiy urihc iprmn ar>J aLICKiK '■^ Lill[fir (nprcELEbK ^It sik^ dccrl 

"fr^c rio^ I aho ucc LkM ^T^ C HajKCB clj L 1^5X 

Bjcce^oh 

Lri4 1 il Lmw, n abu^A Lbr nx'^'^^hn raL JyuinL^ 4hf [ hwt m m^uoriy '^P^- 

MAFJAfi EHEHT 

Tlin ooBmiifti} [}pr k I kjual tklJ b} dc^vkipBcd Hhfchrrmjl trzn Tow r^ci^ jJ i^a ( Lcshrj L^]l TIccjll^c ^ifLk: w,c\ 
DicauEuL^L: Eduju dJ Ike Nt±r^[a£c JoH dA£Li#>aiirc anJ grjvjn^ by ]nuJ4hrL k pmhobl^ OLimBal \zi 4cL[iLpki]f 
dajio^ fiftbr VF^^i^^niL uih nf IkK a^MKEidcin Lcujn luadifK ^ i k aa;K I^ciIl^I. uLiIl^Li^b Lh^sDcl: may ^a/x 
fiMa^ pLriN jn ri hii AiMCDtDH hJ ovci^n/ia^ 4.>n cjllk ^'fiJupciE hh raL chj n^i 4o Kf^^h^ of Lvf^ r pa bLahiLri^ 
(HaBcacI >L \^^} 

An J Ji C EIT C q W W U MT1E J 

Ad^curtupkad ldbqukIe^ tiz Dtcji u^cfuucii-dcp j-r nnr cl^qjTcphji fnrud l^pci Adjuicd rijamn cnnnLiBkEa 
ma} be cfahmjmcd hv Cjieic %f\\ PKcnilb fiiAEUda , aid [h:M.k9inpNB ccipJnKU 

Cd HBEKVATifr f^ Pane 

EdIFD HJ AUTH D 1 

3S-L2-2D/L Will 



63 



JlMiClGBUTKlSiBKLll^ PUSH) Heib ac eo us V€ g etalDon 

3niiAI. C] NNLi^lTIEf 

I ht; ■.i^HniLiaij III-; h^cD Lfiu n Lai L^rlv 4kilj>:Ll ajKl Ll^Lji>r<l h^ jtub} Mudic^ Lhrnu^jkiLri 4hr 'i^'^dcm U^i cd ScjLcx. 

I hn appcajiriD be a lIeIeiiiIa'c cvpc Ktfichjrn fabfirn - Aimui IkjIliic jjkJ J bakhLitr- Cjitk niucu ^vijdhlijiL} 
L^prj luhr l>rca Ll^cii>rd Fiub 4:cd aL ajKl ULribcn LirizLti ( Qmr^cphnj r>J ['n^cLint; L'/J4l,LkjL ma^ rrbucL] Ifi [l>r J 
b^l hLiii uhmmuni^ l;rT^ dcicrtiu] Icie SjmibTlv. MaMNoaS; I J^J^J l^r^clamfiuj cnpcDU - Ajbcil^ balhLU^ fmm Lk 

YcIL^N4nj>r PbcjLi K ii.li m J Kikhim 

Rance 

rk JunLtK bjkhiiL^ ^vimHLiJiE^ z\\\c \u^, l>rcn iViciiBcrricLl fn^Qicvci^ hriaic in Ik: ^e^cui UheclI Sirin w, ikcV 
c±4.cpli>B fif Anzou Ll^L4ir^juB J ml tn]j^]k^ J9U . Mauung jh] PadfjiU I9!>5 , AndcBi^a d nL J^H^> 

Tl]n7U|i}Erii 4', rjr^jc e ficuun ncariccfK m Bi^Tidih^ i. njKl n n nlin bl LcuaLi:;! Sur&cc [iiipiigcLphv iitEnD]l^ k^rlor 
NHhrncLinir^ ujEhitu in^ fi r luoimK k^ ^^^> btKLnhm ^ hajaLlcmL l^ tiz CL^La]l^ dn civ: '■^ ri h '■^ ui b; jajigEDf Iiub vti^ 
runihw la ^'c rv bjiud ^nd ^rjLlEri^ fr^jn L^ [□ hiffh ^ I^lI^jcIc n nL l^^l:^ ]1nn^cji d >L LIt^J^. ^/lannug avl Faij^idri 
I '3^J5. Cin\hi^ Aid CbucaLyc J li^^J'l TiiK c^jnamiE} cvpc LjpLal^ ficciir; fin fK-ICKlurcLl HJiiM-c Mih TcdLiJui 
rTLOf^ fr^jD iJl if\ ukI^Lab Th: wjIcrLihk angcd fjuB^hc imiM-c Un.t 51h^m hcL^ z\k uiiiu'c. m:4.l^ hOJELlt^ 
h]lint;hcb^ L m hj^Lhr cid4hf[l>r niBmcr FjljrrudnJ j^^ibhk ^ al cr-lcUuig 4.>pjcL} clh^lI In^m Ih^ lo iii^jh 
Sfuh; id^c Ikc n i.biTNrf'^ jn ZvlDlofih; I rH:c[ri i»k. jjkJ HELuih; ^hiL JEaiJuhn janjiQ^ Etdb KurjNfi mjkll} nLkaLr>r^ 
pH TXlLL^tt^hcE^lg^l cl aL Li^^.H^rucn d aL IW^ ^OaanLiit; nnd PhI^L I^S. Cphi.vc ajil CbiiuiE^T l^7x 

VeG ETXTID y DEaZRIPTQH 

BakhT hkEl doQiiruccN lie d^uk '■^ ri b cajEip^ CDhrT£ci>:rjl^ l^vtt 5D^^ .ikujII^ lii^bir Ciii^'crb} fiLk: r^rjjnunxt; n 

LULuD} Lhw nhhiHJgli F^a pn4crKK appcaji4n be j ^vunn^in L^NHhTEUc fi^vr^bc rjn^c iiif LbrchE [}pc HiMdniB 

|J\jLLjm hi.', higli LDBU JJK y in MthdjrEi ^an:L^ I Icje n j wj:Ic d^cnEV fi Pol Ic j ^DBLU^ik ajKl Rh±t& \w\h roinc 

jndcxHKhT 4lu4 HK'^iir in JkimiL^ baluii^ ^Lan:L [JimLi^bniri 4% njn]j^ ^cj>mlL;K3l b^ un cr I }^l]^cJ4 n ^L I^^S^ H^ebcti 

cL jL VK^ Mnniirm jfkI PidjiLI J-^^J^ :_ nuA = ajEl C'luBiikacT I^WT Wj]bnJrt jI J-W^X 

Wildlife Values 

Tiin L^ j^ prr-^dc^ c>i^ nluob i^Dtf^ Eb j ^.vitlEfc (H^EBcncri aL I94S}. 

Sjcce^oh 

Sfimc SLHlh^ sjLc LiKLfun'HK'j IL;k I kjL Lk: JunLW bjkhni^ ^'fi numinri y ly^ r, n l^'^dfick gdrug-KhnucI l^p^ic g , 
^x-cnJcji 19^9. Han^nd jL LI^J^. ^^annag avl P^lI^c Li^9.HnJajEl Han^n J9VT: C miA c avl Cbuc nkycr 1^7^ 
1A iiit 4K b^E?; brd^ ^ojT>r^iQi hriaijrm cioi majiv f>r Bfis ficcuiTEBCEi jie gd^ug inrhircLl fc ^ Pad^dc n nL \*^&^ 
V^jlbnl d aL L'/J'l Thrrr DCMkEKV Inrcbr beer \e^ Twiii N4nmk in ^vd ciL ]LlLlHh 4»cciir al iecn4Iu4 '^cu: ocvlj 
jii:£i>ll>} Lh'cdDcl:. b^LAg pmLi>:4cd by in^LiiBniiri ahl: ^LdfbaKL flc^ ^'fi n j in cucjka'c KaT-JiNhniKijliJcn nf 
JurKiii balLiic nnd hj^v ii^jjiifh: j n fajmrnixLir^j ( Jajik4h\ j ky-JbjK^ [DCIX. . LiajiJ^Lnbrd cbiA\ ^!4:flrri jLi^u in 
Miiijlaru nnd chci^ hrir UKJLalc^lud J baliJiK ad^ jn an iBLJua^ rnod^hr imTidcT ficciiiTBfi D\cr j w,xic jaa^c i^f 
cnh inoBmciLal CO n:lri Hhn^ IL cjn inrrcjNL a±c^lriLU^^c !■»?:■£■ i^BNrin OLLupcii \n 4hr Cajuit n£f>njN4:cn^n^ 
DuclanLfnu ^'cn^Ll^u C'ataBJfjPKl & ^TinKlc mb avl joKcJoty irihca. ]l k tm \SM.wzt.',csba.vabc ri kjN a hi^li 
L[>kDKC i>rgn?:LAg Owcc CN^jbLnbrd J haliLtK 'i^lJ nuulain uhmjDunri^ 4l:ijnBJJK'c urE il ^kc cojiHriuhn^ aut 
mdcalh 4.kaji£icd crilciLlimu^h t icvciu Jmp in '■^tuc i caht 4k p( li nr KnxL^k-kpfi ilhnLling iIlytikIcb L'^'J.]^jlI^4 d 
j| J^JH^J HamrncLa] 1^5- M j nna^ ajiH had^idc L^^Sl 
Ma h a g e ^ e h t 

Giayin^ ^Tikic njlin^i^ t^r JurKii^ balkuc jjc miMknjLc hhrcsdck nod Ihw (CACc[ri inrihc ipim^ iaIcji occlI jni>lLiBl fnr 
Nlccp-bniK^ milk lircr. ajEl c]k Juhlik bjkhnr; lor; ^4^11x11 iki^^Bi^ jk\ j 'i^eIc ccob^KTiL >Bp]kuJc ll a jb 
cA4:cLkri u re jjiAkjuLl s jbifcc J 1A ri ll LlrPK ftiPHj^ pkH^ z\ai raK nn^ bind hi^mnhdnLIy jnribc Mil. Kri gm^A Nh t ^ucuici 
dcfihihji itihir tkuMfmai^iiWi gnniirahEk \l \a.', h^h cjc-j ho n uhd rriJ pu^cdiiL I3ccjucc oi Is zcTo^aiv, raiuiz jnJ 
rrbiAV^ b^ pjIjLihilE^ [■:■ l^r^LHKk [hn k^chin k vcn LBp^rijrE ux j MhJbmdir and ^n3^H^i£ri>ilLrcr 
Pkidrng J balLiic P^^ mLh: fbiMl phjnnhfnnjrKncdlu n^mdjn]^ d r^j m ia il cnkajnu iHPklHiAl^ b} bialinj 
NHhih jrKi [jappm^ Ncdjmcri I \lajinLAg Jid Pulfidc I^SX 

Ad J A C E HT C q W W U H ITIE S 

A^ wfciu^^^x cxp^ulcd wkl]3 ci^mnnjni^ dDJitHricd [>'FrT£br 'f^a^cm Unicd Stdn jnJ luving nJ Ltjs ^fh^K^RHt 
ct\rihnrELl npgc.Lk: nd^LciL upL r>J jnJ npajian 4x1 numinE hn aju Lih'cnc U p kind 4x1 mjminE hn jaji^c fphm dcppc 
jnd^knii-ucppc jL Lk: b^A cr ck^'jLi^u ria nlpinr 4x1 mmunE hn al I he hijjj>rr 

Cd HBEKViNnail R^MI 
EpiBfl HJ AUTl D 1 



ti4 



ACS^EP./COyW«£Ji51C&^|SPRUCE/PED-09ER DOG WOOD) FoiEd: 

3nihAI. C] NN'.HITIEf 

Th: fKzt c n^c ImaanLii^iiirjiL^ Kcmua ^iziidhlijie^ iv\\c n iiiicn Iie44cc1 ua Firua^fimK ili^lhnjfcn |n^l CnhCTiK 
Ncikcal ]ji MnnjrcL aul ]LtLho. Thl'^;! ^tjLH.> an:l ThL'CJ rn^Lnunnu h^iorxL^ >ie Li>BmoB 4^ik Linpint; hc^ h ipc4.n 
LL^t^kTK piMJ KTiM H J IL jhJ HzLEUcj] 1^" H J mcB ^ J I J^J9^X HniA^\cr [rue? ^L^uic of Fj.ca ^birj zic? 4hf 
CO EncivjLi^B cnjircm jd Uj ho jod ^kiLiU he Liuali^l wikin lie Fk^i ^tjLH.> a]lEinLC !■ UlziK^jml V^jihniint; 
NHHJhiaflcn [daho >ru1 chc^A Icje ) c ch: r PLo jujificBi nnr Frca c n^lnuuiiL for li^nlc ) ma} ^mirucc '■^ e h ^ im itj r 
LinHcDlory coBpix^ii^B 1 Lk aVi ^jojIejLq^ bimpug umk r PiLiiiiCDniJS :^fi ki nif: rj fi r C4hnit[7'CLMML^ Kcn.ca 
(E^^l L\ al I4H4K ^HL'^TL cn^LnunoiJ n j h^h 4»ccjNHhrul} pjE^n lb EH^rntHiajn J t^ MxKa^ Mjil^ HLani- 
Cdjuji ^HhLhnrfrcL. Po juIl^ CTh: kic j rpL^AhiL^ uicaKJ-CiiijiiL^ ^J4hk1 nd^ra^ nvpjiE Lnrkicaipu^ owav, :^<i ki nif: rii an:l 
Pfijuli^ [ r^jTuki hHu^fi mil jLoLhn^cL. ajKJ ol hrr Coejilt dfi bjiiCirj [jpcsCCm'iic avl CbucjiEycT 1^7 H^oscji d >L 
I^J^. Ko^'j k h^ 14*^^ K T\k Pkca cji^Iiiuuiiv'Clmmu Ncn.u I;r7^ wt pL-iih]} i utu-nici raL JiicjiDi>lEiic b^^ACCB 
Cdjuji :^4hki nifrraXip^lLi m LiifhojiD ajKl Lk: ^Ubja }^j:Ea/Ga]LiB 4 niki niB ^ Yountj^lnnLl l\ al I4H5}. PLu 
on^lmannj k akn ficcTiNihruI]} pjuicrri In Kunih i ^'funHiiJiE hin UH.iiu ALhic inLau-CoiHic N4fibj]iC:rj nhpubK 
Lnrkicj rfi^AhiLS inuKJ-CoEJiL^ ^Ifi ki nJ: rii l^ptilr; LEJ.i>:iLaJ7^''ConLL^ d^ikijufirj avl l^piilic Ljujnub j:lu^fi ihk 
N4fit>nitja JEu] HKhrr CnhniK ilL^lhoifcn l^fCN (Ciuwc ^ml Cbiuoi ^r I^^^T HajKcacLaL ]^5 , tZunkliik IW33. 

Tb: PkLU cji^rb^nAiLiULMHic Ncii.u l;rT^ ^BclnkLl jn Prca^fiTrui^HhLhnital iij Jiujihr4^^ Ljei'a a fphm fsdcm 
Idahii ^cscm W^'fimjDf ii^ribculcEj] '^'aihB^'fiJi {Okaao^a H qjhbidT, KovjlzhiL Lii^^} raha h^iul en C^je^ n 
(BLc MoudzLUK Cph^c jnJ Cbuini^r li^T}, ^ff1JIaJ£J Ucaii.aji:! j-nKiJ?L;K Ci^Lcidi^ 

& ViP.D HN^EHTAL DeJ^IIFTID y 

I h: l^u cj^jclnuuiiu^ oiMU Kcjxca ^uiLliJjn^ Pe^s/Cdehk dfibHiim) m msiHtf v ri^pc k EiunJ ui ct\dHh[is 
nn^in£ Etdb Ji ^v, aitt24h ql la MoAaju (HajKCBcL jL ]945) 4d arouul \M0 lo L70D jd id Oru^n [Cii>\hi^ ^ul 
Cbiunriv^r L^~l4fi jn lii^u llVKl m ch;c^ \ktz TImj^L e k Lk: lIie^ of I he JipacBB Pk'cj cvpii^ i h cnlndcd lo 
alL^nLlcmcn bcach^ firoiou Li^ukj^^ jmincduLcl^ oiI^lcjI Lhh kifik ^jjaiihrd ^LruaBr; in rurKi*!! V Hhrrimu^ 
Nka|-rd \~ilk}^ T hr 4fi pth^ijaph^ riin^N fphm fbL Lo ^ j^ct'cd ^kij<^ jml mj^ he mvhibiijn^ (C rD*!!? Jid ClHKfti?:cE 
I^T.H^ELanH Han^n J^J97 Hajnrp^ jI 1^95 YountJ^Lhod ri li L9^^l [n mnniA ^^Lk^ 4 hn 4xi mjnunri^ kl^ 
ocLup} z\k ^biht flthniiptj la f Ml»c kv l^~7 faj]k4h\T k^'-JkiJK^ jr>J MjrKuifi Li^^ISk The 'i^^eTCjhLe aikujI^ ihalbw 
C5D4fi LM cm Llecp ) ZLml NJzLuk aje oic n afEzd ed b^ Neuou] h^h ^TUCT C HajKea cL j] l^^^^ VL4in^kiL-J n :lL \^b) 
ThrKL^iiJie drrrred fnnm ^Ibnum lAihcuam Phrk FiagQiciiN [\i> 35^ ) aid ^ojud iqlcn Lt^'jving vftilmIv 4l:brD ( f{a]l 
J ml HajKep l^~. >4HJPf4>l>ihd ^ al 1^^) Sfuh; jje ^'^ijjnc LiB.baB^ iJk Karvl^ fir4.b;r^;K ^k} ^c? tf^^*^' ^^ 
me^ctiLl up4fi 6D4.B4kcp aod ha^c moiirmie j^>LU>k ^ JleEcajo^riv Snil ^lii-fiPHJjfl jre Liuialtv C~i^i»tHhmlb; 
[ A4fJL anJ CujDuk I avl Crh'JLfmlt; iCumLiU. llEriH. j ml Tvpi. ) biiA NHhmdijnn Cc^ fljvrjli aid Ci^eiilhejli 
(HaKcad al 1^5 Yhki n^ixJ cL j L l<^B5x 
VE6 ETXTIDH Descrifticih 

Tb: PLea ejifelmaunvToima seErea Ou-k>liiU| Phl'^s/Cociuc h^obpifeia^ ^niDHLiiikv rivpe hu j pailblh 4.lKed 
D^vc^fi r^ 4lnjDii£jLed bv ■orurr Ykcj Pk'cj ^Biiisly T epgclBanui) uhrnlajirv lapfie^ Eroju H^ Ll> ]0D^ wLiiuneE 
liDB 23 Nh ICh CCmiA-~e ajKl CIiucjiE^eT 1^7 HalLavl HzirKen h><^T Haucnd aL Li^J^. K^i^tlL hil: 1^3 
YixjJi^kiLKl d >L 11^51 Meced 4:f>[iifeE ipeLn >ie ci^nmon ubiKii^hr ohCJMOJ^ ziml^he uJvc j mi py^ rec mvleislLMy 
r^Mikjn^ La hL^jh ^jixrucaL diveiiEv 4 YoLjntj^lhnLl d al ■■\4t5K Sjujl^ ami high k^'cbfil ^A'Hhnd^ [ktiEA may \k pjuicd 
(CmvtC anH CLiiinEv^r l^~7 Japlxi^ ^y- Jojkn ajKl ZvlajKiLJO l^^l HL^^'c^'cr. ia ri hiD ri he jnncd LL^ufeE conpuieii , 
tbr ^pei-ie^ ^'fi^'cr of mdiije uplBH j mJ Keedlinf^ k unu 1^ liu Liu n 25^ 5 pei-ie^ my jcjew; I ke CDJUEniipky^ 
ran^^ 4 heufik AIm:^ bihncjrpa ajKl h^eukKiu^ BcruEiLiaje mL^^ ll^beiiojiI^ eaceudcc^ Lhreru^bniri Tbire na 
LlePNC ihpi? hyis ^ik high cuh'ci fi I mitcLl Npe4.>:N UiLLa]k4he iVimnEid ^pei-ti Cnhrraic NcriLea LL^ruIajnv Eapfje^ 
TiuBfhTNh ICHKt v.4\l Mhco^tt^T LL^vTTCcbnutfh HjII >Ki ]iarKcn4 l^"h kKiJvl kKsclna^ ^x-crHCphwe jmJ 
CbiJinri.o:rl^T Haucrid al 1^5 Kfnak.klk ]-^91 ami Y^■4l^t^klod d >L L^^^l iTo-lIh mim n sliriiw. of c n \yE h 
\\^^\\ eL^EUIajir^ ha Uvv,cwco-icsz\aTiC\>imn Neii.ea jre AIjui LiLaju SaliTboiKhj ami Rtiei betezre SjIix 
LliuEiLmihEidELU S yBp bojiTJ jpiK jliui. L KiEL^a luieaLi. Ri±iuc paivilbn aEid Li^Phrcrj LA^'fiLH.Eada aie lmx^sujuI^ 
piumiEieri UrjminiijH eL^^eT n itsiLaLlK ku [hiafHKTc i.vi h ^Ijjihk gkiueuc (?>rio IK^ cnjK4am.y , Jco 31h^ cni'CE}tk 
mLMl cuBmop^j^^h^ rabimjfiPKriR n^chin lunuEIyC i^nLlrrKKh CjreA ipei-in I^iomitr k j^^ h^ amlCLUu 
bufoLb jje aLi^jndLnicN pcnrri 'i^rihbw uneE Ri±i 1pe4.cs n-kiKKs r hLfjhKri uner a b^ Conmop EoibN jIL 
i.vJk k\', zhiTi JCrT eL^YTT [ hiKi^h Mjud LjncN Lonuam~^ ^rejLerLkjn 10^ .aie Aujcj ririora. ThabiLEum nLLj:leri>k, 
Smjtjciru ue]tjLa a[idUj]LJjn I nib run C>1 ke i cojnmo nl^ a^NHKCued Inrhn jru pEa^jajia \rgmE9EU \scr^j^^h^ 
^{^AfTum an eatr. Ojiki rhu ipei.!:^ Jid SepcLho LEDJifutjrn (Cjowc aEid CbwEiri ?:cr ■■\H^7 Hal ami Hamea 1^7 
HaKcricljL 1^5 JaakL^viky-JLn m-: j ml Mjmuwi i^}5 K(i^>k.kjk ]<J43. YoLJEit^lhnd d al I^[H5k 

Wildlife Values 

rh: Pi-ra eji^elnupoLiiCojuLi jejirc j ^'fi mmunriv 4^^ pjoh de^ ^LHhd ia inei [ hrrmj 1 4:4h\ eE fihr [tcr4 l^ pr4.blh ^ hric- 
Laikd4kcr) heai ami cLk (Cro^-c jhJ CbtKEiri ^r li^tT Hauind li i^% Harnejin al J^H^X IJiadiiE»p KlL^^, 
elk aEHlnkbir^ ikJLIe hcni^'se Lhn conmiipi^ jn Coehic Neri.ea a a4kNPe4l biagc CfiTriLi ',csccj aho L^^ej^n^ 
N4[?ami Inrmii^j hiding ami 4 heEBJ 1 4:4h\ eE RhrfDli TbrdnvEse Il^eesJ saHJuje pph\il^ hibriai aEid IhlkI fciNBall 

majnKLh J ml hLHk I Cio^c ami CbiUEiri ^r liWr VLXjji^bL-J n aL l^ii^) 



63 



OirmlLtb: Jix'^'mci raL lj^kjjdLi 4hf c hn ^'fi mjiiJiiriv jie pihnriy VruhWD 133Nrdnn ccL^lh^i jtj I ^mjtj rx hiN ^L^in^hnd 

N4fi Ln nitnMra]iJB 4 nib niB aid }^j:Ea/Cra]LiB 4 niki niB AlcmdLhr]} }^j.ca crmdmaanjlorolhcr Thl'^;!) Bzi^boa 
bic Krnl inv^ilrrHhf mjDy d[f1ciEiL r^ tjLcd uhmiminri h^ im.li:lii]£ : l^opiilic j r^ni^ iti lii i^r]^ ^nLhixTiqiJ ni P 
LjEJTuki kIl ^.'CHhCTiK u^^l>■llcJa PnhfuLL^ 4 ciLlL^aifj.' ^]nL^ uiTJ rcL-C^i miK ^L^LnifcD Ala& iBcaju-CDULb ^HhLhnitcL. 
F^iiuhKNUfa jnrBy>:^ J s J rKk. SjIix ^pcL>:i uhm muni r^ HhrnK hrr Cdchic hriobnitrj ^'ojuhlihev 4vpci 4 Cph^ c jrxJ 
Cbuinri.o:rLi^7.H>ljr>:l liaucn J<J97 HjjnrBcL jL J-^J^ tZi^vaLliik 1^3 Ycruot^Lnd d aL L9«^l SuixiiTNHhn a 
piuhahlv HLilLf t pallcii-lhc r^Hjl of ulciDd 1114; ^uri kJc juhEdLiJE d^zLiibanrc Jid jDEii>-4.1inudc Euiiiiji h'^i 
CA^mpk Pr^TL r^rLniJ nnu ^hL kJ} c^-^^labLihc^ zil cr iku nr ol hrr LlnLurtiau-c Ho'i^'cvcr e r^sL^ m Lhhmjroijn^ 
hri^mk 'ii hLii cxpbiLn^ [ hr JEjnoaEl coailcurKl dcLLtH:4K I cm in Ik nivrdnn ThixjgK kiLali>l m coU-ziLf dciLun^ 
^>Lky^ 'i^hLlizirT rncA rur pen r>r. LiELurb>m.L \a^, j mk ■■ hic ',ral Pk'cj cngclnujinB^njiui ^4hti nJ: r4h ranihiN 
PhL'^TL r^rlnunnii n cjni|i kilkii b\ f\ur aiii ^LH^Lpliot4o ^irklEiU nn:l ^pjix'c heel t i^r ipjixvhuJ'i^'n nn infn<4a£hOD 
ThiNe dnlurbanLC^ nuv IcJp JuartaiD Plu lin miiu ncc bj projTKiLin^ re pnxkxi hnn {Cphwc and CbuintfEcr J^7, ffa]l 
jrKi Kamcn 1^7 X 

MxhAS EPEHT 

Durio ejh#h ^'OJDpjcli>l £1m}i. hqjji vrjLcrLihkN jnJ dcc^mNuk bcjLi^u BziniK ^^r^ e>:n aju lluuJ} iDLHhmpritik 
Rjiiaii uhn^ nut j>B zinJ en [?;ii »■ k J r^ IlLe c j mp^jJu^irKl^ tiz jul JEL^ni mc n:lrd ( Ha mra cL jL ]^J95 HajKcacL jL 
I^^SH) V^LH±h[niA ajEl SK\m^ ^ jLcrL^tiN aiu otcji L^uiLulnl ^ ik [jmh< r haI^ cu }^Jl bl cuL mfj LhKN f>\Dr 
dDQLiEBKC bjK^h^J ^iiik ctaiuuLin^ pphmol^ mii^l cojiitT c^^jk njLi^p ( f{a]l zmii Hjrncn Lii^T}. I_n'nl4»ck 
giayjn^ n rwiL -wzry piMJ l^L H^cjllk nfljagLk Nnik zind Lh^ r^ntf^ ^rnionrriK y^zcj cn^lnunnu pjuh K\rz ^LHhd cm^uhn 
cojliulbiJ K ctr,\\y Vdkdh} flu: Hnh^cvcr ri [^ j.1:L;k i^~^u j^LnhiN dp <l uLiihcLi ^ronnJItu tuk la jr^jN Df4hLl. 
Nkni> kcibzu'couc 4hr4kifF^'n^'cr Ahn, Ik nL^ ^Ju^Lii mjkr^ ri > JTHhdcjalc JE^'c^dai hoji nnpl uhn dbK uchr l^pgHcna. 
13^ uhrri cul . C OJULS Kcixca piuvilnc CA^vLfrri bn^j-LciB cpk>ob ^'n n nii] b;K ^ ^t^ik^-uii^ t^oi^ ajiJ r^cnjriUjj Li±iib. k 
a hHh iemIiI^ lE-sppKJK J ycr Tli? 4 H J rncp d J L 1^5 HaKcncI al L9KI?I 

Ad J A C E HT C q W W U H ITIE S 

Adfjccn ^'nmHLiJiEhiN Jiu^ h-^HKhrrPEu \ypcii iiM.hux Lb: wdricr PEi:i^E4fjiKtu[iL ^cvcpnc f>r I hr lIiee Phrcii 
c n^lmapnLiiXHahjni [ JilLpim (M>D jnJ HaPNcn 1^7 Ki^v^tliLk 1^1) Olb: ruJ_pLCJl VtCi ^'n nunjuE hin aiu 
LkhminvcLl \w ^Inji mrj m. l^pukr; ^pcLn. Sa]Li ipixr^Cc ^ Salu cicjfuj) Cjieic N^chiN. d j nl kc j Cojua 
N4nbjiilcjaL>j^CCn^^-cjidClHKfti?:cr]<J97 H j1I ami II j mcp Li^J~. HzinK n d ti Li^J^. VnLip^l>iKl d a] l^[H5>. 
AdfJccrE upbidc j ru hhH cp dDoiimdnJ b^ l^^^kinLui^ bc n^hr^ 11. ]^iniK LHhnJn rla , nnr Ahc^ bNixTiqiJ :ldJ nccdNnml} 
jUM:itfrJrKJi<4CphwcarKJCbianriv^rLi^~. HaJjiKJ Hao^n ]^T HaiKcad nL I9<>5 . Y4HiJ]^>bL>J ct nL IW^V 

Cd HBERVATlfr fr PXWK 
&>miHf AUTHD I 

liWB-ll-lti/CHRCS MURPHY 



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ACS^ EP./£0USE7IKAAl«VJE(SPfUK&FTELD HORSETAIL) Forest 

3mI_^^ C] ■< ■< -"JITIES 

In Mi^uL^i Jih^ Ii'siIki PLca fjbix^ aid y^zcs cntrilmannu h^hrxK tiz cl^bqlcib .LIll^ limpug Ih:^ K ^pccn 4fig[i hrr a 
piMlbLTil f:i ri-tLuifh: jLi^b purpiKci ( lla]l and HjrncB LIt^I'. HzirKC n ri >L l^^'} SLaii^ lArib miuLl cuuFcd have 
nn:-^houc]}hc»iijL4incdu P[CE\ Jid CONIFIiR ■ PuJg^L cL j L I J^Jt^J ) zlehI Y«intJ^L»d d aL^I^EH^K Tbc 
PCCEZ^'G^ZQUARV cvpc brc? lupr^Ncrij Klzindc Lhhm iroicLl hv P cq^^ lou naL fiT PkLm Intinlc jn 4kN4.iiKLl h^ PiblcT 
cL jL4 I477>. SLcck d'al C Li^3}aHJ Mul >id HcrKJciujia'i^^) 

fh: Ph.:^ CBfjrlBzinui'l'lfundLijn aj-L-crnc k a lAiirty u'jLlLrud mirKir L^j^ '■^ hLli cdcnih caui^anl la W^DBin^; alnn^ 
Lb: WhkJ Rncrl^aa^c ajiH jeijI k^'cilw Jid uza ccdia] [^biEi zind MojlaiEL ^od lM4> CA^cnGiE^JL 

BlVUD4l]IIHTiNL DeSC 11111041 

Tb: cfi mjiujiEV 4vpc Kun^EbK r^srxicdrifi fbt Kin i.vi b joiii i lIdei£J£ic mrh l^ ^jcrlt LDnbpo; NrcpN. n ru;] m 
LciTJCci. ajKJ IcBZLod blic nur^w TvpEaltvchcru a j Lr^jc anHKirl of jniLPKO^gnphhL lubil l^ zo '■^lulhinw 
miMirKk aiii JLHk cro'i^n liijnBiiiLb; (PjlI^LI cI aL l^JHf} liaucn cl al l^i^^^K ^Hih zic? tKUJ lly 4k ri\ nl from Loai?^ 
Lci^ucnJ jIL^liju Tcirum jro hjghl^ \~in^t ^ikzi BfiLlcncc ^alLrholiiAg i^pjcL^ Soik tiz otcn ^cL Lkn:4i£|lnA 
tt yar^ ch ^aniiint; ^alcr "^'^crcjbt^ aiu imuL^ t^n Liun Vi lid drop L^^d^dc n aL ]SIH^ HaKcacJ aL Lii^S}. 

VE6 ETXTID M DEaZFLimON 

Pr^^ CBgclBzinAii 4I0 mBjLL ^ :l BorjTuLh LicKr l^vciuem^ Abes tvijocaija twti l^inji uhdfuLi jjo ficcaiuhul} pjuicd 
DJ] drvr BhL rriNric^ hiiLh l^ w, LJi:llhji>^ lumnHKk^ S hni? 4:4h\ l r k ltuiI^ j>r£ilj£i|>l: ^ch ^InjN mrjrcL. ddubi 
DCLiJCDJziLr; ]jODhL'ccL in^vi Lh. ral >. Kou ^pp .arKi Amc bmLkc i ^LnjAhLa l>l4.h jokj lly pencil Tb^K kj^^h^ r>nrmal}v 
indhLTiic LimccoNhulor mi-JL-jic cuBdriuhu. \4krnc cjrpd nhfchr du^iL^ i. hcd> Ej^A^rum anrjKC Lhjnjclciuci 
Lb: LiAilci^jro'iii h CM hrr a^^K euci mrLnk Czlc^a aL^Jdiib Caiuic lIbpcibzl Caiuic msnjLi Gl^i-crD Npp 
Cjbimagmsn cajuLlrun I KmiL^ ^hixii^ CTTCLQum nLhanhhni Scoci.!^ IraB^hji^ jr>J Snutjciu iLcILLi 
(Pailt^LI d jL I^^S^X 
Wildlife Values 

Pm^ukN kjbcjL lorl^juc £i>HhrL ( nimd^in ciiL Ladrcl. Rcg^li^ ^Titniijla l nJn*-^ m^A icd Lint^ki) [hrndrora 
cojoHia fj'c lkiiA'-ium j^l ia >#tL: r). l^jnj n^a Luln^kLbK] ( wciLcjn 4:lu^ r) CnK'^'fiLknjmLrs \Q^pcriLJUc (c^'cniDg 
fjiLfllKjkh zind CzLcOurLr; piai^ ( pir>n nLiaK Pj^jikilib ancjKC k 4hf 4kM:umciLi>l iBporijnLC tr, a lnHlsL4iruc br 
^ri^x]> bur I Kn^fli zirMl Kbu-iu nl J^K1 ) j r>:l bh.!. br^r lt:c Lknc j Lci fcu ia alL^N I Hansen ci ^L l^^h) 

Bjcce^oh 

Th: [}pr AUhrniirc^ N4jbLr aid lEproNroJ^ j ^linijy kil (PIi^cj^ jI Vn~^ Ebil^LI d >Lx Tbr PbpiikK 

LjEJTuki ulr^.'I'lfundLijn ai^vrKC ^vrniHiiJiE^ 4kN^rttcd \n Youn^LhnLl ajvl \}ur^Lcrl ]^l) r^^vuniirc^ Lo]^KCja][a 

Pl'^tl ci^LniJ nnjiliLfundmn aj-L-crnc Slinin 4cnd co Lhhmjroic EbiuL o j^nafis cr^jLcd b^ dfZLiibarK'c Mxh ai 

Mahae EHE HT 

V^Kllhphw R^Lkwjn^ [jmlK r luivcs iHriN Ike piKcnul fn i c imlK r mj m^cincri jn4hb4vpc ux Lhh uhOLcm 4h\ cr caid^ 
CDjnpjdi>l wd Mjh; ^ rnc in I he ^.vjccrcjbLc fnlbiABj iHbcrlanuJ LMikl inciiciE iAitLfr>[?d ie^ r>rr;i£ h:- n 
CHancad jL I^S) 

Ad J Ji c EiT C q n n u ft itie j 

Adpccrt iifiknH ^t^cImkiii btKUjI^ ilthnuroicLl b^ a ^Tind^ L^fuhnitc a^m^n Lh: nigc of [ hb ^'fi mjDunri^ Adjjccrri 
1A dec J ^viJDHLiJiLn jiE fiE4f icnJL^ Lhhmimicdb} Cac^x ipp , 5alc< Npp .^irBmib gbniijlMa (f^^LI d nL 
Hjucnd jL Li^^l 

Cd HBERVATlfr W Ri^NE 

GIST 

EdIFDHJ AUTHD 1 



67 



ACS^EP./iySCWnjVAMSVCj^NtfflEPnUC&YELiOWEKUrJKCAEBAGEjFDfGd: 

^miiarC: nnlhities 

I \\K L}j^ 'AJ\ i^nguuEh BclKkLl '■^rihiDchr nn^c i^f y^juLi>b 4jf Lie PE:f^lii{UDcLum ^rvcuc 4:4>[iuiuni^ IFinlcTiit 

F^HtE 

Pei^^^P /L^mlUdb j mcjiTJJKiii uhmjTunri h^ jr^ bund id nurih^'cs ^ff1^riJ^u 

& VIP.D HN^EHTAL DeSCIIFTID y 

I hn comniLiaL} cvpc i^LuirN in ^~j It^ ]xt44fi mi >jjjccn cd b^vcr pihnik, kiLri-Dr mai^hc^ twti DBL^r %kffc Nccpi^ 
N^jkN ajvl 'i^bcjE b*]! ^rjLlEJl sr^jm chiruck hr^ j k up idfi Llifli^ njc^cu Ib^N Thr ^ptudJ jur&cc \a.', a jfr^Jt 
deal dJ jnEJL^n jofinphL r^ Ihrf hcLswc Ik: ^ kj Iki^'-PhnLci] ipmrc nhHcahtw ^^n. cr^ jLu^j humnficb; (li piLiJiKcl 
mu4 waiic ) J r>J kbzlLI i^ ati {nxiL iacDiI Thn commLiBL^ c^pc k fniiKl \>m^ \m mnnliwcil Mojlaju ^Vc^^hc Pjcifhi 
mari unc cLmdc lofliTDCc k uj^Bfjrcl iHzirtKn d >L l^}^\ Surfw.c Jkitl^^jk iu^v acuimuku ho ek DfnhqjajihL ■aicml 
J ml UTikf^ LlcptLi^u tiL fiHJJi:! jn ■mEialNHhib. The •fl-iiicrzjb]^ ii4vpra]K ^ Liiin^ cm of I he wi iL^iitu'c ^ng tuy 
Ljmc L>f ^ar ^mlsi^ LL^Luts \a',c ujrKlm^ i^ idc r^rug 4 br ^piu^j jr>J cjrh ^LinmcT ^ H >ucn d al 1995). 

VeG ETXTID M DEaZRIPTQH 

PhL'CTLip n Lh: ^k^BuuiL iiivcrMoi^ kj-t^ h^ , uuialtv ^Lli Bcidraic ^xi^vr Lai^ du mcJ cr I ieu a rr urK'fi mn^i n. a nJ 
coajic ^DLxJ} dchrv; t\ rb zic? tKUJ lly jmKlridc B^ruta jap^iifcja ma^ zihi^lK piuicrri Shii±i ll^vct n b'l^.biJ ^hii±i 
Llji'crNri^ K Jii^ih Common ^j^^n inLlxIc Cojiil^ Kcrxca jr>J AIjil^ %p UmmjrKih:! Llrrmcv Btf4ja]k ^\i\.y h-i^. 
J ml [ hr 4lojnLAa n bih n I ^^hihi^in iBcnLTiriT; ^ hkh lt;l^Uj gnh^^ ■■ Lkpr^NihOJK 'i^rih uar>JiJi£ ^Aricr Fi4f ib^rum 
ji^cn^ \ih^nijn filiK-C: muu }Uu< jtrixN^'crK >kI Cdihic cjrcidcKE zic^HhdcB piE^n 

Wildlife Values 

Tlin CO mail nc} pjo]\jhL;K pPHvLk^ ^^bubLc cl^vtt 6?jj v^mly nf-fl,^bic ^\\txw:i ]\JNi>lfin pcnun] fibncrL'jL jiik of 

V, MMz in [ hn ^vi mHiiJiEV 

Sjcce^oh 

Tiin coBQiJjfti} pjL^nhly JupcnciLu hlc kclL Londc hnji Gj^najL^ cccucl] ^ bb'ii\k>^ n ikuj lly hs-wz iii^b: rslinJ^ 
cn^'cr{^n< dba X UnkiN lie ^dcriu^imc ^haagn mail^]} 4hB h mml lilich j f>Li|^ Mabk coBmiikiiK Thji 
cojDHLiJiE} r^chr ^cLInl ofribc ^pjixv^^pci \l pidnb^ awiW rxj^ncnLH^ LAfiE4fJctf i£n nd r^pbcm^ fkuifkic to rile 

LIUUlh ^CL fiPKIJKJ COJKJJbu 

MxhAG E^EHT 

V^BLhhph^ loLkwjn£ Eimbcr hivuti [BriKtk porirrial far ri imlK r ou m^ciDcri jnrihbrivpc ux do coiccivi over caid^ 
cnjnpji:ii>l wd Mjh; A rnc in Ihr ^.vjccrcjbLc falbi.vBg iHbcrlarvi:^ clmiLH incrfciE ^iviti JoEcd iE^r>rci£CJi 
[HaPNcacI >L L^^l SidLiialc^l mhlIi aut ki^lK ^L^cujctik Lhh lojk'fi m ja^i>oji fi rdtrimba m.c In i^'CNrificl: orbij^^ 
maLlimcj^ 

Ad J A C E FriT C q W W U Fri ITIE S 

Adfjccn ^cJricriiL^ nLS\ he rloBinricrl b^ Caiuic spp ^'fi mjiujiE hiN L>rEi:4ub gbmbjLiKU cdbqijjp^ es aad adjKJCd 
LirrTNrin ma} be LlnjDEi£jLi>l b} PECx^Z^EcJum jnvrKC ^'fimHUJiEhiN orupLiKJ coBmiiftin ^ Ha rncnn ^L I9QS). 

Cd H be P:Y iN Tlfr Fri PaNE 
C2SI 

EpIFD HJ AUTH D 1 



C0T1DH WOOD/ RED-OSERDOG WOOD) Fcrest 

SMIIAKC^HHUymEJ 

Tlin cojnHLiJiEV b ^} mhn;KiiHHJi ^cii^hc }^ juIl^ [ rx biK^rfj/CHhrruc N4ol:iDiC:rj ^'fi miminri^ I ;r7^ 4kM.rJ>rd b^ H^uca 
cL jl I J99iiX ]l Jiu^]>r4hc umc JN Ihr Popiilic LixJCLajj^'UHhCTUc uokufcia-SaLt 4I1U rttcd BDiEgfin Sunibir 
cojnHLiJiEhiN iln mjroicLl hv diffciEiL ho juIl^ nivnJfi r^ ^pn.Ei LBLlnk EVi [uLl^'Ulmhic Ncikca, EVipuLi^ 
.1 njAL^ ifn Iel-'Cdihic hrifibjiitja aid PD[PubK lirko j:ln^~fi mu ^i^LhoitcL iMaanug >kI Pad^ri 14^5 ^ixjn^kiLMl a 
j| J<jK5 liaucnd >L 1^3) 

Pfi fuLu bjkaBiC: rj K^p c rx hiKTiqia^ n mi^ ^crx'CJ uhmiminri y \)fc iKci\r, m Vfn nj m. Wukin^i>n Uks\K\ >kI 
DiEgfin 

BlVIP-D y >■ EH'^AL DEf^ 1IFTID y 

S [Q fK'^iir ^^■ zilLi^ ulicrRU'CN lof mjp i d r^j mi and irirA. join buD ^hHcban, mi5 ckjjinri \ssk Llclzibaii bkimk 
J ml ficcaiHhrul} ^mumd bVo; aj>J pihmk ^hdlcKlurEN ^~jrv fmm bajD Nhuumc uul ajKl aiu ^kfjII^ 'A'cLI ljcllbclI 
wik J Lhw j^^ibbt 1A Jdcr koUmg 4^paL i ^ Thr^ Nrin jr^ fiycn ilxiLird uLhrKpriAg ^ ih ^jLcrLahliN L^cnnj^ci^ J 
DT QHME fed hcti^rihc ujI njcfjcc ui chr cidnhf^ummrr uppciNHhilpnillkN jEJTau mioEL cUk co cjpibj^ uioil 
Caajic 4cA4Liizd ^oik. jmhdcjalc ^Ljuajn gcidr Jli. a n:l hLf^huKinr In^mcA cd eIciL^ [ hnKightKri 4hr will pmA pphviSr 
an cmuhnBcrri 4hd prriL^ci t rjpil oio^'cmcjl of in^jiil^ acjalc^l ^JL^inJ'i^Tiic r RcLhhA LDU-CJljal ihos (■olrit^J jr^ 
cojDBnji L^ cmk m'c 4hf :l fLu-luiLinf 'i^^crcjbt fKD^'jLrhLLn ^L I^J avl Hzin^cji d >L t^S] 

Veg ETXT^DM DEgRimCiH 

Pa puLu ImkaKifiia mp [ r>^hiK2rpa/Ca nui ^ rx'^ii uhnuninri^ I;r7^ ii i-kaiad civ:i>l b} ^nn^'cndfm 4i:iJDB9l i>l b} 

Pfijulti Eulumifrn Kcp I li-hoLa rja {15-tt5^ uhvcrh^rih f\^ftilt; .iiiinKlrfnlEi iojtki imci nK'^iiJim^ jn uiwjdmaln m 
Lh: f;L";lcm piha»Ji<il Lk: cin^ zind B^rub japjiifcja jnJ IVftiLi^ 1 rcm^sk^h:!^ OLLumng l^ Nti>;i nluuLci uLh: ^cucn 
pihQ hn n ihf [ hr nagc Thr4krnc Nhji±i L^'crn ^InvE^ic jml LhhminKCLl b^ Cnhrrar; NcnLm I^CJ-iXKr Li^vcrX ^mchnrhtrr 
jlnifnlEL. S^ mphiori-aifoi Hhc^nph iki^ ^]nLi mrjrEi. Ki^^j ^lhkLiil SjIl< cai^ul an:l L^hcr Sj]l^ ipc4.n jie \>kci\ 
\\iacTK S mibcjra ^ clbl > avl F^EcJum jnvnsc ^c^uHcb piucn ^b n£ i.vi k ^DBUiiMik. na nr 4>f wlihrh hs-wz kjjk 
cr\m\tmcv 

Wildlife Values 

Thn cojnHLiJiE} z\\\c piDh^c^ \~ikMik ciii^'cr iladr anH RkicI hra ^~iii:4^ lof ^prcEi l^in nauxiric ma} bz liifih. 
lIc^ nding u j<i n ri br Lime lof jr^^r Th: Kpcciidjn^ cm*!! n of l^piikK In-hoLajja prD^hJci Kuin]] %4z.\ lowJ^tlacrius 
kuLLxvpiu Lli ^baU agk^} E^ndhnn ka]ucLuc fD^piuiK) ^od Ajik^ hcphdm {gr^ jL bkwz bcPhnV WiMndj^^Lm ^uc3i 
hthCDcdfiiAb 'i^'fiDd 4kH.b; jn:l cu'^'^il^u ks la [iiibI: 4.>vin Uca^vrtKC IxiLk [ Ix UKLi^vi^'fiDd avl dn^VF^HMl 
^c^LdHhn k>rfiH:id ajvl hiuklmfi malcibL UndrnJfir^ ipixEi pmi^hJc IjhkI ^nd 4x1^ cr fihr a ^^riiri^ of \^T]Lciiihw], ^mal 
hvih zind mjmmah Tb: McciimNik LktiI hziji fi I Lhn coBnuifti^ [}pc k ^'cn imp^rizirri m pro^KJin^i Lb: rma] CDVcr^ 
LirbrK JE4.IUE mr ri . J nJ sr^jntnnk ujbdriv Ini fk\i lobriai (Elaucnd aL Li^^J^I 

Pfi j4j1ls hafc jJDitcL SNp rirvhiKTirpa k a pinncrmfj ipixE^cloi cnfuicn rmyrA baji^Ji. jk^a 1} dcpciEcd aQjvuQi 
CApiucLl Nh fj]lnjnlj£lri fnr lE^nroi hnji [n Ike ahscjK'c Hhf ^lyu I dtriujbj nLV. hjllcui^b cd Ajnjci 4fi 1 h^mLjK^f 
COJ11C: J <koBiu4c<l lobriai cvpr^ Hxliai Puil^ pLomtniKi. l^^ifmlnLui^ mcn/nji ^tc2 fjiaKlr PLca Tlii_p pU.al> 
Tui^ kclrphpinlb. Abci b^hnLajja.or JumpcjiL^ MJHhpuLnniB [f^vimfm aj^ ah^cn ^hoJw ajEl br±TM.nHJi ^j^^ic^ 
Lioi fi>iBC<l [hr ti rmcr LiKiriYro'i^i h may j^nu In l4 her jmJ aoLci IkK LLommunri ;k Lyj^ may \k nx'^'mnn mL Nh 4 be 
S:lIl< fjrjrrna ru.'C~:LbniJ|iPKa n ^'jm^lciKn h^Lal ly^ fircbr SaLt lAc^i^ j bimagms k cajuLlcup lobriu z\\\c 
dc^nJjn^ Li^ji cLcY^lihn. If dtrimbj rxv e Kc^'cr^ cuHJgh jII ^HoJ^k can he climiroicLl an:l Ike LiiiirnNhr^ ^ ill Ik 
cojncricLl Nh t birbKvnLL^ n rx 4kjnLAal i>l h;K Kpc4.>:N iLH.k jn Yot pcucjnb. Fhtiijn poic rnb. I^jiohui iBcrmb nn:l 
CcnjLiiEZL jTEuubu (tiaPNcn d al I9*>5}. 

rh: cmNihul jnJ Llr^ichorul pjMcmDf > Ji^vr h: Ifi^ nuinjin d^cncvfil pfaiL CDBOuibiEi 4hn Ike llMKlpkiQL Tbc 
lIb£i±iJ iha Df uhnuminri h^ Llc^jKknn Ihr i^>^ Ike n\cr jnr^idrn lacLin z\k idc 4hf mca n:knn£ LkicrmiiKN Ike 
NCDisagc L^frihc LHhoimuQriEX Whc[? I he m cr JDmod: n fiE4fJcrilr' C:^ uajKk pjD^r^u zo bLcr HJCcciNional n4 jgu. 
Near Lbr aiJcr i>lgn nf I kc fl»dpbB, ri be cflict Df I kc nvcrKtu pphraHjjircd , j lbi.vii]£ LLcr Hjcccucion] d^ci rin 
ckvrbp (Ha mcp n 2I ]995 2nd Bfi^ d jL L^^) 

MaBiNE EWTT 

I]ccjLLK fiFLii-lKC pphxuDri^ NhsLnaBK jnJ men aid 4 be ffal Nhpih^japli} nxn:^ ci rat Lt\ ek>p mriL^ 2nd 
Ljajnpcjl Jd hn n uhcniliiji trz LLommiop ia ri kin 4 hb cvpe iiur mtal be laLen w\k\i beal ug sLjixiliiu in Lb: EbLKJpbBCD 
j^'HhhJ daB2^e DJ bKsh;K Ibthdi Dam^ ^ hLk Ube fcjy flhwi.ean IimI Ll> Ike giMkul LlEjppeajaBce fif JudLUE 
ciiiMfi n^ LHhd FlmeaL be43JJNC 4>f [ he hey oi^czl^KoA LirpL^^irip Eb i Nee4l:k^N. peiiMlhL fkioLlc jr^ leeeiNai^ Ror ciziiLinjed 
coMfiJi^ lmkI r^cniioicn (Ntr^lnuh ]^JWiX ^kbniigh ^LjuajiAnjik ejujhnji b 2 j£jLijclLI;k n^^rnng prr-eeu; a£leB[y^[D 
dabdi^r N4[?2nihanL< LTiin^ Jipnp^Tin lijd In iH-Jua^Ll ejL>shon4k^ n^ir>B.lhic N^eiiipg^he bu; Df4:nLl4hnvFiwd 
Fdiu^L in Mime cuiK% ]^hrl^ mapjULd LncsoL^ ^m^mgi-ap k^d lo bu; Dfumkn^oj^ KJinriw aj>J Llei-iuL^Ll 
rr^-oxkncd 4hf ^xiLlfi nvFiiiLxJN ^f2u^meIl Nke^iU cmpbai^L^^ z\k impcjlJU-e of Ike uiderJnhc^ ibii^ b^rLP 



6? 



tf Bs^noL Kl itiHi^jLi^B > KiiE: r ^ rip 4hf [ hr PD[PubK lii.lL^>ifj di^Buulc^l ^'OjnHLuiL^ [^ pc^ Khzojkl frc maiilaij>rc1 
Eu5^cctf l4> iwrCK bkI ^JEajTK Umk r^vQ JJH uhnJc JiiK. luE ma} hciscdu i \iinlla cittcKl Ibr lit spanor 
rrhibiUjdc^^id^HarncB^aL ]-^5 ajil I^^tS^ d a L I9<M>. 

AdJ ace WTC q W W U H ITIE S 

Adfjccn ^ cJ4c r4:n mjminE hn jiu;k l>^ ^kiUB^Lcd h^ S:lLi:< ca4j^u S lL^ur>Jra S <ljum rrHhnJEiru S gc^crnu C^c^k 
Lilnjubua C huibMimii i^r a ^ >n:4 y i>f ^]nL^ mrj m nnr Typhi bl rfn Iel 4kjnBjLLd uhmiminri y I y^N Adfjcc n <l jh: r 
cojDHLiJiEhiN mt'f br 4kjnii£jLrd h} P<i puLu 4 n-hiM^rfj cvpc^ i^rkjhriai cvpc^ fr^ju lie E^iiwkxNuga jncay^iNj Plhic 

pthukr^u Tlup plhLTiia jr>J Junif^juc NUhpukiJiiB ^jxn ^ H j rncjin :lL ]SHJ5 Ki^v^tliiLcL jL IW^.^ml Bfig^i^ d >L 

1 1^3] 

B>mff BJAUTHD 1 



TD 



Skia DRlHMOMDtAUAfCAlAMAG POSHSCASADBiSS \ DRUM M ND'S 
WILiOWvBI-UE|OmTREEDGRA5S>Sliiub[an[l 

S UD ikiruhm munri n inLltJc fuh^^^ ]^tf L) SjIl< LliumjiKi rxJ u rc'l^ Jk^ Lcil^ mn~kj I Kljum fi cede iLik ^flJ?: aul 
Qunmv^ i L9^Jl Salu dnjJDOiojKlEaju- S j lix bniiil hji'UataBZLfiiLfll e ^^riMkmA. Qjkcr^^ J^H^J) S:lIl< LlMmjiMhulELru- 
S^Il^ mi^ri uhb-'CabjiEL^Jiy^B 4.>B9Ltn^K-C^[?x miiljal >. j r>J tZiccJn aL'h I I^K4t) SziLn djumrTHhEHlEin^mr^ h: fcjb 
L>pci 

Tlin cdjuqilibL} r, a Buu^rl^j^ BCfibrjdih Ucah. Idak^ "^'A^hug^DJi ajKl MiiiiLikj 

&iviP.D y HEHTAL Des^iiftid y 

^l:iTi£hon n^n liom 21JlJ lo tfZCHh CrcL Llir^ujjjKiLri 4 he rjn^c dJ Ik: cfi mmjiiEy Tvpc njuin dh Lnw fiadroJ ^kipc^ 
jlI^LlM Nh hca^'c r pDiiic kiLEi. JTuniKN n\rr; zinJ :^ mrru. ■:■ i on [iiiQ^b j<^ brki^A uphjKJ NricN Sojh; aju cotcc z^ 
IjagmcncLl baHC oi jj^u; j<ui fi^vntcp cmNric BfiLlcn^cly ilic Lci^ijcrd zilbmjJD (Kn^TLh-hik J991 TliL^ zinJ 
JcBtrn I4H2}. H^atin d jL ( I^S) ehxcn NHhil I ciclur^N jaji^c Iphm kjL Ll> ch^ Lnm ■fH^LiAg ajvl gLc;ri>l ^i^i^ "^ 
cojnnnn Tvpc n rrtuivcl} dr^ uhmpaml [□ oIIct wHb*!! pkid ^^nhk eu c n ^ KDh^thil. l^S] V^jccrkvrk nn^c In^oi 
jL Lh: ujc&cc [o MKi Ljn h-rkii.v lie NurhLC Lhinntjchr gm^ABg KJNHhn. 

VeG ETXTID y DE5CFLIFnO_N 

S^Il^ lImih mhrKl u m 4l:ijnBal 02 Lh: [jII ^hoJ^ byrr (25-60^ cdytt) S^b ^}'cmra. S j lix Iwiri hi j r>J SjIl< ■nriK'^itj 

J ru KDBcLiniL^ pjn^n m t^L^CT zimL^inN 4 haa ch: 4kBLiiaiL Nhii±i LonLcD JD\'4hLH.ial:L. R J>^ Npp AIjil^ ljil>h zind 

Po^criita liu hHLu JCE unu 1^ pencil i^ihup [l> J5'~r Li^^rT lodrviLul} CjbBzijj^Lfll d ^TioMk rnb uhrri rtiiAc^ u ktM 

5^-T Aid up L[>{d^ 4»vcr lo ri he uodrndfi rv Olbir ipixEi will h^ha^Buar>r^ mrbdr Cjcex mriuplcia C urxiibla. 

C aE^uddii DoH-bampKB CLspifm. A^cr RhLblixu. ajKl Fia^ra vir^inciru 

Wildlife Values 

AhuDdid fnnl cl^vtt, aid prDituiLE} cd ^.vjdcr pnii^ hJc hil>li4 In r rumcjii^K '■^ UUfr ^pixic^ zind Ki^Bg^ui^^ ZvIlhkc aiKJ 

buVTTLCIKl L4> k: J^ ibK Lri like JTHKI ipiXElHhl i.vUb'A 

Bjcce^oh 

Gia?:in£ pcc^uiiu ^A^'jll^c :L4lrcrcjic id CzLkinufiPKri n cjrci^lciKD zind DcichiBpitJ cnpciiiu -^rh a ciziinzi pihnding 
inLiuL^c in cJIcj irri criLtH-CLi 4hr k»; 4l:Nkal>l: k^chin uh-Lu I^Ikn Kli^ujm L'njia Lli^iLa. jr>J r4f ittiLum zincn^ 
Aliuadim.c L>f CabB^Jiy^ii 4.>HdrrK n hii^a^N Ikal Li^BrrunJEi mis\ he ^cja]d:L^ci4hf ^hin 
tui>L>ifj/CjbB^jiMJ b i-ioadrotK iobriai z\\\c Tbr 4k^'cLhpji>r[iJ oi^ Li^ufcr o^'c rN4oj^ ccrKkrifi rudLHJc ajvl 
c^cnJLia]^ cEmHlc lie Nbadr ■LoLcanJ Sali^ j pixici wJIimA jft^un^cb: Icibjccnn Lj'crCTLik} ^nd JcjKcn 1^2. 
Haucnd >L L^^J^l 

MaFIiNE EHEHT 

Tbr v^rfifSjIix ^pp jn4hc^c ^vunHUJioiN jppuD djiEd Ik rubied rifi d cc^mhanl. :^abili} jml cue <if ic^Iihil ri u hn n 
idfi :^ nzdOL K}^c mi ^Tuk^ n :lL 1^2) SisJaHcii ^ci^int; diLiuam Lb: vigfir lEpmiijLln'c ^lx'^'c^l^ twti L4h[iLpi:ri[i\c 
abU ;k i^if Cahjiu^niiiLA amtrKn jr>J l^rjchimfi^ij ^'^pcou Tfi ou irri j in ^ i^j^r j rxJ piuhcn dajiu^ cd raik anJ 
vc^ Id CI n. gB?:B£i ihiHjUlK dcfr irud lijijI wihdr^ pm per k^vk fi I gD?:ii]g ihitulH rjn^ Ijub Lfjh Nh ■fiLlciadc 
Oycrmc by \\wcjUmkv,iI\ ucT^at \m uicUwzccl ^i^r^f ^ ilb^A Npccn pr^Ncri , iLk»z rjLi>l b} ujK^'cnscm jfjc dKJihJhan^ 
li^hfajig cliibiat; Hhrd: jlI cljBpi WLii uhrri lEitrLl dy^ilsc ^ilb^A^ oiaybc cvcnJLia]^ cliniBJicd fr^jn lie kIc 

Ad J A C E HT C q W W U HITIE S 

AdfJccTi i^riccTKin majKKuppcri Safe diummDadaniiC Jiuit tdiEubia C^cux u rxiibn. C n^fuuiln firC M-v^jHrj 
\tw fi^ciHl.\^c irpihkdia [jpcs.HhrHhpcji ^alcr DikiNin rrujKKup^il Sali^ doinnal rd [^ pQ^ ^ ikn I^kl prjLcKE fiT 
JurKiA bjl Jiuc LiiilrnJor^^ Dr Fblcri rib riuhriiiu Wtmk smuta ow cifmslcw cUyni\Taicd IjrT^N (H^Eurn d aL I4*>5, 
Ko-nkliiL IWJl 

Cd HBERVATIC Fi F^NE 
CSS5 

EdIFD HJ AUTH D 1 



71 



5f\WC DRLMMOSa^MA/CAPBC IBPtCiJlAlA (DRUHM OHD'S WILLOW/BEAKED SEDGE) 
Sliiubland 

Sm IIAK Cfr H W tf M mE S 

EaiiK ri^udkci Ljup^ I h^ uhmiminriv ^ cluahmjLlcr Salu-'Cajuit msrjLa |o±cn BruHcriiThrd kiluI} CaruA 
■JnuIjLal S:lIl< LliumjT>n r>:l u ru- S j Il< bn-jNhu^^rrA jimJ lad j-C j r^ ^ Hf uciLn >ru] S^fc/C^c^x ra^Jdzi-C^rTA aE^Jridn 
cojnKJJiE hiN iTuhy ajvl Jtmc n J^JKZ Miri ?: a nl (>»: imy L9^ J . ^ziLfeiil d il \^7} LAiciakc ■ ^tin^c m ]L±L^h 
lAL^Lcrn Wyi^Bin^ ajvl Ucjh. i ma^ ha^r b^n>cp4 'i^rihBcbr Safe hixiLiiiv'CaiEit mdriiia dj S^Il^ fjc^^naju/C^c^x 
ms rjLa ^'<ijnHLiJ][^ 4 y^N f VfiLiBfMiiLMi n :lL l^^ I^lI^jcJc n :lL I^^I:^) ThiNC LnhmrnuDi ic^ fiicD kj^ c infjii cfi^vr jhI 
coEKliK} fil SjIl< LljummDidbKJ ([□ Ihc kh c 1 4hf ^vi-Lhhm iruacc j mjkiEm LjnpintjHhl [>ncT ^ccjn b^hrj M H jjkcb ^ jL 
I^S H^LIan:! Hziascn ■■^'^K S^lit dniBnuidBn CDBOuiftiEi 'i^Ehribcir mxtcd SjIix ipcLEi 4xi m j-nNri hh n. jiu;k t^ 
Liami ihebI Ll> lx hrr cL^Enrnuai ;k I IrT^ (Kfi^^h-klk 1993 X ]i]uk5riDn. Salc< Nri^bruK n csilIk cDj]fuci>l wLli Sab 
LljumrTHhEuliLU (lAiKiAk^h i Jiu^ li^nJLZcV Safe sicb: rnA 2Djnn imcN uh-^BiHl re hrizinik JuaLin^ cfi mHLUiEy 
kIcjijI j: Jl ■>■ <l dTiLuk ( JajiknhMky- ^ nn [in piEjaoihonl I 

rh: c^laphx jml h^iimkigi. iriLu^uhm whhLKa]b'ii Caiuie iJii.'ukiij ^iDBuiajnc ziho pnhmL^c BziniK ^lit rurri Sjfe 
N^ch^ Ho'A'cvcT ^BLBajirc b} :Ln;Ki=ii>= S >fe k j^^ ici ^~j n Ik 4 he jeuiI of nan} Eadnhn mrh ai^ cLcv^l iha ot giaunf 
(HaD jrxJ Haatin li^^T}. Ta]l ^jlki^A LL^mrnuDi n NUDifarNh Safe dniBrru^iiiBnAiU j r^A ilmiib j ^HhHcBiAriK hi^jh 
ciii^'c r aid uhEKlaacv 4hl SalL< LliumjiHhndELru h JrK bi:lc Salu ilaunno r>:l e9 ru- S:lIl< bniiil kjL^aiEie ms rjLa-CaiuA a^pxu iIk 
S:lIl< b:ic4 hu^zLc^i Ji>^n4j Safe ^^'c m rc'CajEA nisrjLa SzlLl^ Lri^iL'CaiEK miujala jrxJ SjIix dojjnBfiJKJiaju.'Uac^x 
jLfiuLilKlMLiy jr>JC>x-imv Li^l VnLiBg^lhnLl cJ al l>W^. PjlIj^^ d aL Li^tW Hzleucji ci aL 1^^ Hzill avl HzirKCJ] 
1^7 ^jlbnlciziL l<J97 Ki4cl ri aL Li^tfl Sbiha wHt-^ epr^h^ ma> dom irucc ai h^bcr ctx-jLi^u S:lIl< 
LliuEnrTHhodiLEU K eojnriimcN pr^Nrri in jkirl iAib^ ^'fi m munri h^ uiLhax S:lLi:< cj nJili^'CaiEK iJnAitjLa: SaLu 
fauuc^zLc^xLrirxijhla.jrKJ Szilc^iA-HhtflL-'CajEK mdrjLaC>4Kij^bbLxl^ j| ]^tf5 l^d^dL cL jL ]^tM tZi^vatliiL IWJ 
Haucad al ■■\H>5: V^ziLfiijd d aL l^~\ CM her CajuA k j^^ h^ ma;Kh^ Bfii^ ^^iijnBfi n 4 han C Jiu:^ t^n-uku j uiNLBibr 
cojnHLiBLn4kic Ifi vaiialnne in KdLeLriLLiHhrHkhir^JdHhn Thnc im.bi:lr Saliv hcHKimi^ ajuA zk^xu iln S:lLi:< 
jcir^jujEL'TaiEA ZKfuu iln aiii Safe dniBmo ulDu/CacEK NUhfubniB h jj prxi r>n pk} Ibi 4 Youo^k-nLl d aL I4tt5; 
PuHtr=LI d aL Li^^.K^i-^Tikh^ L^^J J. li an^ n d aL Li/J^. Hzi J ajil Hao^n 1^71 
Rance 

rh: Safe dnjBQLCiBdbH^Z^c^x LrimitjLa cojdhlibL^ cvpc k Vii^^n fn>m FFfonarEL ]LlLhi^. W a:;iiintJlDB aid pmbobl^ 
V, ciICTn Wvfi miD^ 

BriVILD H CENTAL DeS^ IIPT1DJI_ 

Tb: uhni munri ^ t; lL4ir>:l in mnniA Nh '^k\c ^TiLkir^nn aEkjh la] cc itjccn adfuvrri 4fi Mcctlqu; L>f Lhw oj miMkrjLc jiadhinN 
[ NU ^ auj Qiiciiu^ I4H3: HajKca d aL li^t^: HaD and HajKcn l^ii?) I k^ ^ iraH< aiu d±c n kuHcekcIv cri iEH.bnH . 
Rdi^chC IjrT^N fKfi^^LLkjk ]991) IL n cqiull^ LonLmoa :l<I_plc [1 zo jhhojK drj incd 4hr ImpiiuEHkLl ajuaiiLH-ku b^vcr 
pthuk, pudkiEHk tiLr^ jmnbiN. Nccpi. ipjui^i ajvl Ji^ad ^ mhnum^ ( Koh^tiiik 1^1 MiKcky cL jL J9^ HajKcacL 
J I I^S) ThzoJiiJiHhn JTHKlL^ Ihl gPKiJi:! chr jnLPKi:ij<i£nph^ k Lkia^icrv^cl b^ Lhjnick ajKl kimB^Kt; (Miri?: ar>J 
Qunmv L9^Jl ^e ^ Lh taiiitorjn kLIb^ ^oik h^i^ from PnJnok aid HEdfiNHhh Lo ^^ihLfitnk Snih jLlpL^ri Nh 
mi>d:rjLc fjndhrrri eLnaHC jro fiHcn pihn riv 4k^'cLhpcd. LoaEC cciuurrd aui ur>:K ^ Lh high jiia^r] zind ^'fih^t cojIcjI 
rhiNC ^oik aEL^ chr ^~jLcj r>r^'fujn cd Nuppiiri CaiuK LrinuLLa Nh cl^iK pj^n L hn^u^jii ( H j mr ■ cL jI J^^J^X ^^ v,^\cr 
^ak^^.ctjvaKl ^Jl-Lnm fi r^i r^ihi ^oDi aiu morn cl^bqhm GkjKJn^ Jnd moMb^ aiu oicn pcncEl 4ypjrjl4hf:L 
Npnot^^iBQiET mrEsLc iAa4cr4abk RhLihwcdb} z\k ^^cTLahtdroppjn]j Lo JCH) 4.B hck*!! 4 he ujiiacc b^ Iric^iBmcj 
(Knhvakkjk J991X OqjajiK iKim zindKcd^c p^3i Mhib ^ch kj^k j^tllU>1: ^ alcr4:f>dcd . aju Lipco I jd lircp jr>J 
cbui&id ai CunrulM. Cj^~JL|JoEk aid Tcm. Hcbh. Sjpn. ziml n>Jh: HfzoMk iMuv zlehI Qucwh^ ■■\4t?: tZnhvakkik 
1^1) A ^ Ljn uiiiu'c Li4crLijiF bjr^T ma} be pnixcjl The wiih of IkK Lomnruoi^ jj^ hcU riagiz hrr b^ ^nl maL\ 
loiBcd by CajEA ^f^^h^ .ind wUki*!! uhvcriAk^h cfCidh'ck U^iIltc jLjuajn Kj nk^ 4 II j n^cn d aL \^3] 

VeG ETXTID M DEaZRIFTlQH 

Tb: SaLn diuQLmoDd&EWCzim urtianjlid^ uhmjDunriv ri^^ k varaht, hhI cb tnvjn^ mitnJ Sjhx aiKJ CjruA^pixk^ 
pm^cn Sa]LT LlaijnmojvlbH n Lin^LI^ Lkhmucirri ^ Lli lD4fi 5S^ CL^vcr^od 70 Ll> JOD^j ^vimJaiL} CKi^Y^thL I4^J; 
MaKcnd a] l^5z Jaiknn ^l:^*- Jo rKN |]ji pj^janchnjiH OlkciLal wUki*!! ipixci £iH.kaN Sa]LK ^^vnan S bnolhji.S 
Ni^hcun S tiNBuicL S hcN^iina zind S j^nxlonioiLuhb. llu^U^ hL\r kuc Lkaji-lJlr^L ^'fi^'craid k»; Ihai 3DS^ 
CDJK4:Lm.^ ^'liit Ihn^Kj^ch^ khcm :l 4:lLI ^hiii? Laiop^ 44n -L m) jhnA^r NpcLn. lucli u SjIl< birac dj SjIo: 
phjiiblu i-ai br pmjnuK n u L b: li r>Jcjuoiy ( Miri ^ au] i^ciiu?: ]^lf1 Kov^thik 1^3 .Han^nd aL I^S) WtEiu 
S^Il^ N^chiN hs-K h^cn ir4kH.rdb} brah c i ot fi^vqijayiDg , B^rub gbuijlyu ( LD Ifi 15^ uncrh Spirjca dujgb^ii.or 
Rhr^ K^chiN jnay h< inpihajn (Ha mm cL aL I9*>5}. Pkca cngcfezinui ^n bxix^qia zlehJ AIjil^ ULau ZLrrziho 
DLLaicimL^ piEAcn Tk: hc#KJLCL4K Lj'c r c duBuidnJ b;K Cai^A tAianilid^ 4 10 Lhh J^'~r uhvcr abiHJ ttJ'~r Loiuaitr^] 
jndCzim ai^Jd ife ( ksN 4 hai U'~a co^'cr kiN IkanHiIr^a ^'fi mJzinLiK) ^ i ti C~ jiea hriKTiniako cojdqloji Drihcr 
■ihL^OLDlc^l C jr^A. hiMDfi b*]! 4:4h\ ^r J tkI corK4.irKy uiLkiJc Cjr^\ bni^imKa C LiiH»cjrpa C 1: n hnifarA. ajKl C 
n^rauvmK <Xi>: ruhmjiHha fjiaBuioid k j^^ t::^ ^ ih k>w cfirnlzinL} biA OLL3SK\Ta\Ly modirjLc co^'cr^k^ lkaj]40^3 
a ru C^bmjfiPKri r^ cj rodcjKb Pkibrn ajundinM-ca Sciqiuc mEJiM^qiuc Glvccra ^j^^h^ zind JunuK ipcfEi4MiA?: 
andC^x-LPh.^ |-^tf1 Kov^thii Li^?: HaiKCPcL al I^S Jtmlnx^L^loKi l4Wi Jajiko\ ^k>^ ^ nr^ [[n piupj riii pujiM 
L>»r4o Lb: dcjKC Sa]Li ajKl CaiuAKj-r^h^ cover uvciaD ro#> ^^ii^'c r e bh^ jjkJ maiol^ anxjJKJ Nkji±i har', WhJcipjEad 



72 



N^ch^ aiE Epiittiuni ^Ublmn Gcum nuLPOfh^lLiB an:l r4f ibiLuni zinLKC [xu; ldbhidb ^j-rch^ [hiri lm:4.luojuI^ 
iAik h4;hrr4:4h\ crh irKLuir Saxilia^ >rifLiJ C^lmn NpcLr^ I^hJlTm^eIhll^ aiii \n4c r Boii^LLi ^ MiA?: jjkJ 
Qurimv I4H3; tJhvikliiL I^J. HaucacJ jL 1^5 Jj nb^h^L}- Jihee^ L^^^ Ja nLi>Y^I.-y- Idki |Ij] pj^ pai^ uhnl K Mik^ 

CD^vr B HhdcJ] kjfL 
W ILIUJFE Va LU E 5 

In lie airier Sa]L\ ilaunBi:! r>:l u ru ^IkioK aut Ica^d^ hniiA^CLlhy biiiok T]irr>LJ4i]>nLri ihz yiss ^a\k <ljuni mi^iilBB s 
Liikrcdb} bc>hcjjr>j pji^hii^ lair tn^f^ EoicIL jrxJ clcrw ^hn^nk akn Lriili^c S:lLi:< n^chin kjhrijL brf^rdjn^ ^rtd 
nnlBg [njLklii^B Ll> Salu PhnL muK^ [I>r4krnc Caj^it Phdoia jrxJ Czir^A atf u4 dr^ kixI fi^vriun^ Limirr^iri banki 
cnuLiDSpriK TkL luti J^c C Ha mo cL j] l^[HH: H >ucd cJ aL Li^^. HziD a nl HzirKC n 1^7= ^^iLfejii d ziL 1^7) 

aJCCESBID H 

Th: ^LX'^'c^L^ hr- ru I Hhn^j^n 4hf SziLn dium rrHhruiiin^ j r^ t tArniib:! n tuk w,c}\ kj>n'i^n II^Kh SaLtdniBmoKlBU jml 
Cjr^y LI rMiib:! 4^n b^uhbniTcn of fir^ii macja] ^Lkn mn iHzia^n ri >L l^}^ . Wziltnln :lL 1^)7 X Thu w,h:n 
jIL^ Lijn K cKpihNcd ^H-k JN j<is-fl>ihd Nd lirpLflls zimLiid ^dihw tu\A% oraAcra h<j^'cr4Lm hrciL^. I kc^ spc^ h:^ 
ma^ ui^'jlIc Al rnal cL;k. C^E^-m ruiibl^ Bitfli ui^'jlIc oaNB itpiKJnl laoj^d h< j^vr jojvL^ I hca ziUihiA infj tjLcr 
S^Il^ inv^ihnj] krLb: kJc Jnc^ ( ^fLri ^ Jid Qiicvu^ li^?}. AjKt^kcT hjrT^lhc&K LaVcn fphm zhc ^imihi S:lIl< 
hnhol kiL'UairK LrinLuLLa \)fc iki\a/k t SaliK uhni muni^ rK hclI T^R^rE Ihr hk^^crdinL Thr hk^^mtim w,^.', buik 
lljHKljrm LIk ^A\Li hJ ml cluniJuLiDfi i n±r;cL|Jcrl n Jai »■ ziUihiA i>l C^c^x u rmilri:! 4fi inv^ilr.anil Sa]LY JE^\CHli:d 
bic rC ^ MintJ^LhHLl cJ li L9^^ E^gnl d al i^9\ "^ kjl r^ c i L !>: a n^in ^L^iIe^ fil Lb: S^Ux LlMmjuhmlu n/CaiEit 
Lilruibua cdjuhlijiev wt lhJioiclI l>y a Lbhrk jcuumiibl ihn of Hhcua nt BaiLc i ^ Knn >Lkjk ]^J) Dnludiaacc by 
khcuL^LfirbcaycrwjII iE4kH.c Sa]Li LiojJDBn rxJu m 4:4h\ cr ajEl jlki*!! gcLmimhKK.cipcLi9]lv EiliiMkH.i>l K|-rch^ cd 
inLiuL^c C^flJ?: aiiH C^UEjrui^ I^J) II iivilb*!!^ jr^ c^^hx'nJ Llxi HLH-k hca^'cr^ ilLta^'c la NUH.k of fihoii ajEl f>iL[> 
mauia in 4L m^ ^ j^hrdfiiJ b} dfirnu Tk: ^dcr4abk i.vBLb:n b^'ciu Ike hriccTim Lhh^ juiriK jjkJ lIk ^vunHunE^ ^Hl 
c lunge 40*1171^1 J drK r Safe <ljum mL^idiLui^ J tj magms K cajuLlcuK oi Abri b^hnLajja^^^ (HajKcncL jL ]^tm 
HaucncJ >L L^^J^I 
Manae EHEHT 

SzlIl:^ LliumjiHhndu ro/CaiEit Ld lEuku j mn \k j pmchni h'c ^'fi mHLiJiEV Iu will 4lrcju3ic if iiiijh; aiu LliB^jj^Hhr 
h^mkghL uhehIecijk Llun^ ?L>rcumpt. r^cr^ jLI^b Liajh; mjLJ huiULAg. jgiuituiu fjrKLHfLAg liEaLDiHf v,4\i 
d Ji-kcil. J r>J LhruoLk ^rjvint; csxjIv 4L mage L^q^nu. uuh Liirou^ uhmpkd hn n aad j^LJurli^a <if ia ric r k^kJLAg 4.>pjcdv 
C ^tri ^ >h] U^icm^?: ]^lf 1: ^ff1Ncty d al 1941. HaucniU aL l^^^l T Ik^c ad n in kjv >bo c jucc n4 r^j ml\j nL 
xk4i|ikin^ JN 'i^'cJa^ prrmalur^ ^L^iLli^in^i 4 he 1.\^n i>f ■cgnjLr^'c pjolc^i hr- n. a n:l c^vrriua] i:\s.', <if Ik: ^vrniHiinE^ 
Bcj^rraiE jhnh un^Jlari Ln ■ziLJiJzLiun^ nn-z'juzy iny|ji^l>^hr ^vi nJL »jk T HilL ^kni> ^v-^vr aiii L^ccunv ^cLekna 
oica]imi jdhL>ii id ri hb 4xi mHUJiEv Lh'cnocl: fnrjgc ^~jLir ^Tin^ ^rib NruL^B jr>J IibIlmi. llac ha biKh Salu 
LliumjTHhnJELU anH Cajuit iJ ii:utua aru £jirrifi jj^xid fihE^c in Ihr Npjin^ (ffaKcncL a] ■■\4tS .HziEKCjm :lI ]995). 
O^'cr^nKinn L^f ^ iLk>wi 4lrcr^ JNn Lh: ir ^ i^nnr ajiH can cEniBjLc IkcjD fn^EiL^hc \ic ziLihWjn^ giajDLH^iJ 4:4h\ cr Lo 
inLiuK TkK JiEL^ LMJUjr^ LkzL bc^iBmcjzinJ £jll ^rjvint; c^^mc, wiiK li jclIjcei ^ lUih^ rc^Ph^ I k j ml ziQihwi 
NnljQ^ 'A Lii [ l>rLrumk jfiPKiKl JLHk rcNcrvci rin kuc r pji^EtEnic Tlu.bjif jeiI prnKii tiz iKcc\a\ Ll> JuaLdaBcbr 
cojDHLiJiL} (ffarKCPcL jI J^J9^) FrcN^rttcd Tlie cfE:dA'cl^ je_|j\ckjIq^ dcaLJi-kimjfl l>r^TiLL^ Safe djiinmL^idBPa 
itipnniiN ^i^hmiLilv jfccj flu: C^lL kd fLrn jrc pre IciteJ nn mkiiA col^IHujikK I'ml.', Ahio inrrcjNC CajuK mhrimLa bJ 
ddI^ jf UEit^m^d l:^r[>rE aad a±cr[l>r Tli? 4 H j n^cjin :lL I^^) I^lj^Ii Sa]L^ dnjjnEiiojElDKJ ZLmlCzirTA Jiy^ ndzi 4 Jid 
CarTT aE^lla tmd C \cihL^rBl aiu CACcLkiL R>r JE-^'cgdai dh 4n cr I kc ki nji-l cib jkI pmvuk jj^hd cn:iicin CL^EiJphL 
(ffaucnd ti \^n) 
ApjA^ entCg nnuhiTiEf 

CoinHLiJiL Ki ulp^crE co SjIix liaunBiii r>:l e9 roj'CaiEK irinLutjLa irKbi:lc \x\Kr Salu dniBEiioKlbpa L}pn iaHinL^NI^ 
Lim mL^Elurr rE^mm EumpLiN aiu SjIix LfojjnBfiJKJiaju^CabBJfPKl n ^'jrcidcjKE Safe dninmL^idBnai^ j rcA 
N4:4h[PubniB ras pryij>npli}]tj aad Sa]Li EJojjnBOJElD ru.l^KL pmLcKr; C^fLJ^ avl C^cuo?: ]Sltf1 Hjrncjm :lL I^SH. 
KovathLk Li?^? . HzirKCJi a aL 14^^ X (^ l>^r HltJCEJl coBmiiftlcs w J k NBLkr b^i e4liie k-L-ch aju SjIix 
gc;r^ji9 ru.'UjirK rourjJa SzlIl:^ bnolhii^ac^x n^^jala SjIl:^ biriac^jrcA i^ojuLpim \tr piuii^ph^Lb ^nd S^Ln 
lAL^LTLiLL^BEiunJii^CMiAxjjKJQiKimv Li^J. Kfi^TiLLhik J-^1 Hj]I aid Hzinscj] I>;h^7 Wj]rL^nJ^ jL J997X Sl^hJL^ 
LirrT JLlpLcri CL^Bnunir^ mLlxIc ^\mn inLanA-^ j timagms k LajuLlcun Alai^ LBcaju/Qic^x irinLubla PolcriBi 
liu K:au^l?im.kajDpNB Lc^piHKU zlehI Dcu haBp^EL 4.Lsprifiu uhEnnunri ex WcLlcr ai^iu'crri uhmiminrih^ jrc 
hc[baLi>HJi [vpa (C^c^x u nnjb^. CaiEit ufsijin f\sdu:\ luncaj^a dojnnal cd ) zind S:lLi:< Eajiuc^zirTY u ihnib:! 
(KnhvatliLk l^Z Hzinscji a aL I^S) Ad_tJccil iiptjndi aiu ^ci kuiM^qia, P^cuJuNUfja Ji>rn7iis ii. ]^hrca 
cn£c]nuu]Li oj PiriK j<ir>JciLfla lobriai cvpcs ( ff ajKcn d a] I4HS ; liaBt:n d jL l^^y"} 

&?mfr BJAUTHD 1 

l^i^lC-tl-ZSyClmMuiph^ 



73 



S^UV^EVKCH/BAnREH {SANDBAR W1LJ-C>W/BARPErJ>Eliiub land 

SmiiarC] NNLymEj 

Mjnnm^ jrKi l^l^l f ]995 ) dci^rbcd [ hr Jalu ckj^uj^ckIi cfi mmj ncv ri^pc Fiub Nc^^da LluL n ciziKukrud lie 
N>BC H Lh: ^A\Li cK\^a/B3SJLni\\\c of PHlgdc cL aL U^t^X TliL^ zLml Irucn I ]^JK2 ) Llrjcri>rd j KiniibjL}|-r ^ch ii^ 
LliaguK^ L uiiircjj^^li] b J 4:cd aL ][libD Dik or bciju af Cnt^ { l^^^ Salu cici^uj rivpu may be acljdzd ArituDch^ 
vMtbi Hhn L>f ri hii ok 

ScajKli Hhnnir in ]LtL^ fJbnLnx^kv- iihu:^ Li^'l. Ncy^lIl ^ Maani^ jkI P^ljjjjiU I9<>5>, UaL ( E^^^I d iL I?S?>^ 
iFloElaju aulCnhbrjclih^KUcLd >L Li^tf 1 >id pcnfsblK -rt<cwk:ic 

&iviP.D y HEHTiNL Desciiftid y 

Thn comHLiJiE} cvpc DCLun jkiri^ jcIav ^JuajitnjitE n rnna jk2±i;k d ec^QL ec itjccn RihrTdBf jn ri hii uhEnrnuai^ a 
pjL4>abl^ a n zinjiul c^vnJ Thr ^oih; aju vfiLiag ajKl ibvb] laDJigiD IL cjn lk'^uj ui^TiLk} hnKLnhrru; '■^riti^'cc^ b^ 4a 
miMkrjLc fjnJhiriN ajvl can he liom wasr?'A i^ ^ciy lAik ^k^'jLi^u tiz imwilybz^v, ^JVHX td (E^gnl cl a] I4H4; 
ManniD^ jrxJ PjlI^LI J^^Ji: ^ff1NcL^^ J^Ji\4t) Soil >ie iii^iily ^'jrobk cin^in^ firijn hi^h^ ujht CuniLih. li>pbufiKi]h 
ami A[^ JT C[^»tHhnhLb [■:■ cjiiy LlrvcLpmcjij]Tvpjr UiiLlLj^'crriK \LIiEL\L LiL\ct|^l on aLMJBHhf \>i^in^ A^c^k 
EujmalnJ j^>LU>t ^ Jl cr-koUug 4.>pjcL} cint^Ll In^m Lhw Ll> iii^ an:l jaakt-Kc^c cb^^cN UKLkir fLBC-kum} zimi 
uudy-jVcLri J I Wucrc.ihL:^ rjn^cd fmm r>:;Lr4hr uijiKv^fi fiver J C:cL brLiiA lie NuriM.c N^dijcJ^ a aL l*^^"} 

Veg etxtid y Descriftcih 

A licTKC ^laminhf Sziln cx^u LhhmirQicN I he o^'cm^oj^ fil Lbn c^bci^ nc LlcpjLi^rjLc ci^BouiftiiK Ohrr^ iLih^^-iucfa 
JN S b^EinJrj S ZLm^^iLtLki kIq^ ajvl S lica mis\ m-iiakfwalWhc nurwi rcfi m j<iJ>rrriK Rnna iA'4hrHicji I^Jkn jr>rrTTic or 
Cojiui ^jncj ma^ br prr^Jl id lie Nkiii> ti^r. bJ m vri^ Uvw cuvci Tic uiitqjnii'iiil] bfipcBi.vJk piE4lniDEi£j n 1^ 
bjiE gmuid. niicl:. L>r 1: J I Icier Rirb ipn.Ei jce icjLI cceJ zldJ la kwf cl^vct ^hhiHJgh dihrnEV b^^Ik h^h. 
GiaBLH^ik ajE ^CKrj]^ jhicd HhriD Ihw cd^'c rC ^f2nAln^ zinJ PadgciL IW%) 

Wildlife Values 

ScajKiiHhl Lbn cojnmLiBL^ pji^vj:lc citccltrri ^hciB^LaKl hhJjn]^ cni'cr Edt d whHc lan^c nf 'a ikllEfir k j-rch^ Salu cicj^uj 

n r>nrmal]} tuk ux h^vi} biow^rd aiHKbrr^ilbiA ipccEi Bcnvcn Lcid Ifi iJli^c SjIl< citi^iuL ^ H j rncn ci ^L IW^) 

^JCCESaaH 

Th: S^Ln cx^iil^L] j n^ n ri^^ nan c^ri^ mtcckci^h] cvpr Ikal hsa JulI ]LI t uuirqjji^^ Lk ^Ic^'c bpmc n Sl^bc ^Laii^ 
\a',c rjLlcr XlII. Mhih ^khrh inhtiJ^ chr r^ahlKhacrri 4hf hcibaLCHHJi spr^ irc wiiik L<hrn jr^ \ri> ^ri htri ka^'c kai] 
irKLifThihin [imc lorcujbLnhnicn Six'^'c^uhnji ■chp; cojdhlibL^ wJIl4A OLiNuk ^luLiibanrc ^jII llkcL^liJLl Nhi^anl 
Lb: SaLn cxig^JA^McNL fih±i \>w S ncj^iu^i^r jiaBLH^il cvpci la mL^bL NiLialHh[i& whLk LJcknccN Jiu^ LlrvcLp lj^^i 
Lh: S cxLtj^L^iToa pncc rnn uhmjDunri^ {Pa[5jjj:ri[ ci ^L I^^EI^X 

Mafia fi eheht 

fkr^ n c^^cnul^ r>.^ hribaLcixLi l^'cdfick fr>n£c a^TiLbht ljiLIk l;rT^ Tbr wfki'ii^ pioM^r ^^ikv oFd cc^mhanls 

JN 'i^'cLI 3.'r 'A [CTim KkaiiLJig 

Ad J A C E HT C q W W U B ITIE S 

A 'i^uk an]^ fi fLiptiEHl cfi mjounri h^ cas occur nn uTpcc if Kbpcv. ran^nf Fidb jjL dcicrl Nkn^i j rxT Ni^bojik-iLcppc 
cojnHLiJiEKN al lie ki*!! cr ct^Tiif JK Nh Ih^ -JiMhrriziEic ll>biIcil4k '■^'fioiibnik aj>J bru^^ ai z\k kjfjlc j cb\~ad hhu 

Cd HBERVATH h Ri^NE 

EflmaHJ AuTH D 1 



W 



S^UV^EVKWJMEEIC GRAMIND1D (5ATJDBAR W1L10W/ME3C GRAMIfJOID) Ehmbland 

SmiiarC: NN^ymES 

S^uhl ]J:LrKcn d :lI ( I^S):^>idc rru^ fri id 4 He [}pc 

ScarvL^ ncciir I kjiMifjlL^A LiriziK c^r^mc ia c^Lcn Cfibniln (E^g^ d a] ■■\4n}aiKJ Lb: Cfibiailn Fmn ELin^cKiccI d 
j| J^Ji^l zimlchmLitfkiLri hLkiCPKJg^LcL jL J^JH^J Jajik4h\^krJDJ>:N ]'^7) jr^J ^f(1JIaJ£J ^HjrncB^ zil \^^} 

& V!P.D HN* EHTAL De^^IIFTID y 

I ht; L^ j^ iK'^im <i n ilruam iLmcn jrxJ m mruk'ii^ j^nL^ndcLl ^rib ur^jm chiruck fmm jbniri 2XHX] [l> 7.~^0D tct. 
VaDrv Ih^cl^bk ma} be janni.v Lf> vcrv whJc jnJ fifb'A Ifi oicidraic ^jlIeiL Thn uhQiminri^ k aj\ jnrihr m\xA 
dyasmr piha hnji 4hf chr fkinlpbiD.ai tiz K\mc Df4hc Lrihcr5a]Li cicifuj c^pii^ (PkJ^L cL jL ]SltHX "^'alcrlabki aagc 

|juB4hc iLiiiM-c Ifi n^crlkjEC fed iKb*!! 4 he imiM-c D^ziDd aid pmjnuKn mokt tiz c\>mm\>m-w4ksn 20 jrKbcsfif 
Lb: ^ur&cc uvlLrimg t KSMhruts high 'i^tuc re jhb Snih inJhrjLc j hPKid rjn^ fif drvcLpmcri En:iBrihc v,c\^ 
dc^'ckij^l Tcirx nnhmhrmnlK Curnuli. li apkttxi rr-It; T^pi. C r^^K^lh aid I^lJiht Crri^4uPhLli 4fi t^i-dc^vb pi>l 
A4f IE C n'fi llj\ ciL^ tm.i llj\Hf IlIJl liapkiiccnlh Si>ik 4k-^ l Ihp <in >lkj\ es] dc joNri uhm fi I ^aryiJifi jfjrv P>i1kLk-^L/c 
ctuKN 'i^'cc? ^^ Y^Jiahb^ 1A I h a£ imal i:d ^n^ht \hi~jLcr-iiolii^ 4.>pjc L} frnni bwED mHlrmLc ^hid^iU d ii 

VE6 ETX TID y DE5CRIFnO_N 

S^Ilc CALfj^u LinjnuuLiis c hr 4h\ cr^i^c^ Df^hs cvpc SaLt lAca jrKiVfirS tjNBidcL b^^ altn be pmrniDrry bcIk 
■:i^'cnJfir7 avl jn icjuc jmJaKci bzl^ LLMfcBualr <Xi>: r ^ hoJ^K jr^ [^pLa]ly ■■■i^rcojnpoKriN i>f4hb4ypc Tic 
Liii:lcii;n:i'iii h ii 4.kajad crv:i>l b} miMlrrjLc Ll> Lirmc ^'o^'crHhf^ijajnHi^Lic NpcL>:N. im.li:liJi£i Cajuit KbriiNlic rnK. C 
brufimu Ajjuik bal iLtK. Ekc-Lharn pj LuLji<. A^ji^^a ^DLhn^ci. Sc irfTuc ju n^ciK A^rup^m n je j^m >il1. in l>k 
Idako sjr>J C NhcLinnLL ?4h±i cuhci e [vpEaD^ Kjanc I PjlI^4 d jL I^>S^). allL^igk EE^A^rum spp (K >r. cmr an:l 
^ bch i^alumK^n lm:4.l^ djelLIik ^LLur jn luhlh'cl^ iii^l] uhvcr 

Wildlife Value E 

ScajKiiHhl Lhn comniLiaL} pji^vj:lc citccltry ^hciBziLaKl hKbr^j cn^'crtiTa whHc lun^ nf 'a lidlEfir k j-rch^ Salu cicjfuj 

n rKirmaltv wl4 h hcivitv bjuvF^nJ jn L^hcr't^iL^ kj-tch^ Ruhrji^crHlcD LriiLizc Salu cici^uj brj^ i^ H^rsc n d jL 

li^J^I 

Sjcce 



In JTHKl ^[Lu4hnrn Lhr SziLn cx^Ja/^fn c £iiaTnLM>i5 comnun^y KcouhJciucI >■ flirty UECcuE[ia]L}pc pihncciiii£| 
atwti twti ^rj^vL bjJN.Ky i nay \k pcAEdcd ■^'crlaiD uuajircN Tiin l)-j< apj^iiE?; jn ^r>rcLNfi be 'i^'^lcrlkal HKhrr 
S^Lu cALgLu \yj<ii ajiJ tbr cavin:ij][iicil k IlLcIvcd be sxhmtz £j^'4hrd:ik Nhrihr cujbLnhmcn fil rhiTHhrnaNKii ^rjmij>nj:b 
[Padt^LI d >L |4>S9X 

MAFiiNfi EHEBT 

Tb: ifci^AjnrifiLL^ ^jaTnimjH CDh'crLA I kn 4:0m nruni^ iebjI^ m hi^ h ^oil- hn tlEii|i aiiH u rea mha nk Mabli^al En abili^ 
ShiHjli I he sjrKklreLDBc d rK rnnd'Dr gci^mg k^ek in: r^jNe , Liin lyj^ ■yjji be je^kuvd b^ lie SjIl< cxijjjjvToa 
pidcntK eir ptK^bl^Lb: S CA^j^Wdjiien Lnhmnruid^ 

AdJ J.C EIT CU H H UHITIES 

BczMisc E>f tic iAiEk ekratEiK] I ^radkri dvct wlichlkK Ijitouccud adiuvd upbjvl LDBouiftikieaa rjn^c fium 
iit]^wiK^iic\\fc [CI CDJiifenTuc fDru^ aucL^b^uhm 

Cd h be Kt ATifr Fi Rani 

EdIFD hT AUTHDl 

9"-L2-Ji;i3 Muiek} 



75 



STjHPtfii^CtmfitHARDSTB^ BULRUSH) Heib ac eo us Veg elation 

lla^TncI >LU'>J^J ]3^ll>HJIIjrncBCl^7) jh5 KilcLd jL ( l^>W) ha^r j S^iqrucamuc hibioi L} j-ru chnr 
cbu il Jial ihEK z\ai uilIiJc^ :l J CL^HtiBoJ i^ru n r Sc irpuc aLiiLL^ jrKi S ^'jktuc (=S I iticjiuc rrHhrrizini) LhK [■:■ ^iBikirth^ 
la cjivBthnBcdziLuhnJE JiiK aul jmu^mcjl cobcejik ^rju^ \aliii^ bHhHcBLiudcd jn a Ncpaialc alurKV ■chr 
V^r^rn Rc^i^u] Vcgn jLI^b C tusiBrjLi^B ( BiTuq^jDJi ^nJ En^]kB£ ]9^^ Cat [ I9QS) 4lacrttc4] Iniir aucix Eid hn rn 
1A Jk S aut^ir; jn I he Lhhmjmrri ^pc^ic^ S JciriLO- Vcji^kLa j rEL^a]lr^a(f u4 u^. S AuAu^]^mju %p S aoiu^-] ^m m 
Np-^hkinim LluLTinurj aiii S zuiJtK-Tvpiu bdiblu Tic Scirpuc JciriiL^ z\\\c c\z'^sf>zd inlkK C~C~ \ cnLHhni pL^^:^ 
cmHJgh LDBpi^^L joju I twti ^JuuLiia] ^ jnal uhn Lhh inrLHlr CuLc^ ri^pci 

ScajKli JiE Vm^wn fmm Die^ji. Wukin^i^a, Nc-L^4b , C^Lifn mb , kblni, Cnhki rjcto. aiKJ Miiijlaju 

&iV'P.D Hfc* EHTAL Df?^ IIFTID y 

ScarKL ill iht; ■.^^m^lLl■L\ L^pc Lcuir^Lhn^ [ hr B^c^jrn of j<i rxii. L kc^ aid luscrwiin i^mgcET paiaik Im^ kI iub Jid 
r^crchiruck oibnud N^alki id bM-lnA ricr BZLnhiN avl ^kiLi^hc ]l a Iniiid ri k>^ [□ jniJ-cLc\ al uhns fcnm jbniri 
2jIHKi fm zo jJ liju (ijSIKi iczz TkK 1^^ filcD jntuhl.^ c^tuncL^ Llccp ia Jdcr. al liMifik Lb: ^alcrt^'cl bzlvIk diawn 
Hl^wj] 4:f>uhHciahk 4 hiL4igk Lb: ^ru*!! mg ^ jwi n iH^OKn d jL 14^5 llj]l aid Hjrncji l^~\ Snhih jr^ ^'fi mjiKi nL;K 
h-1i:i]lnDb C Al|juIi1. Eri Bck f VfurrriKh fi rnccjNihuDv HfriKi^fa TcicLur?^ of^uitu'c k^ivi^u nnn !:■ nf-lnvd hrizLufa 
JTZ pr^LhhmirurilK Utk^ w, hu-h jp^jrL^ hbcLnhr^t^cd hlh.!:^ LLvHhrsikv InniKDii ^ch kifjk ^vi rKvrri oi hn rn of 
di>:4hm piKi>l ^mi pjrlE9]K 4kcojnpixKLl pbnJ jnucraNhd Hjuimukuc n^vr^iBC imm ajinu I dKhcu L \IL^elL atwt^ 
^n-L-chi ajvl CL^tbt^ ma^ tiB >■ liji:o ehhLmLI rd mjLnt iDchr ^Li>ujjiM.c hoji^i^u "A'ricr^abki trz gcncnl^ ai fiT 
jbnnc Ike nhhiL imiKV ri hnxjgkL^A Lk: ^ju^ infjKcaiojL Si:ijl lE^iLihnj] Y^n:N fnhm [ii:tAia]LL> JiHhdcjalcL;K ^ IkaliiK {pH 7 D 
taHA>XhjBt:nri >L l^-i Hal aod Hajsca J1M7> 
\ftBFmiDM Descriftq N 

Tb: Si-Li^L^ zuiJtK 1^^ LULiaI}v appciin jn an ^pcjKLiabt ■nT>i1;rT^ iLaTvl otoi iuw.kjn£ 2 m ■:ir morr in kc^h 
Sciqtuc Npp rTLfuic? ki|ik t\ck4hl monLurr 4 hPHJghiKri Ike ^'^iir. an:l ^kjt Klaniic rruj coLu^^ KriujalLd^hik abhng 
n4 ccTLEnhcird^ oroBchr ^ npb: rv 4hf poh^ jrKi ru^cn du^. I kc^ [vpra]K rKlriiiHHJ jno Lk ^ al l r Lolim n 4fi 2 m in 
LirpLh IZO: co Lk: dcjKC ^m'Aih fnrm jr>J ll>ihdcd ^ jLcr r^fjBi^ fiLkciK^CKN aju tir^l> ahecjl , fi r tf pr^NcoJ ^ m 
ImiEcdaKiurUKCCDt l^% Harncmal ]995 HaH and tCa mca IW7^ 

W ILn LIFE Va LU_EB 

SciqiLL^ n^iilLi^ pm^kd:N ^tiLi^L: Kujn^ nod nhou m^ cfivcr fn r j ^Tim^ nhf^L^n^inlc jrxJ walcrfe'i^L rmcab^ 
Tzzl'A m^Ll bbuUtinL^ ^ clt>^ - hci^lcd bLcltiuiic jr>J iaitu S^Lqruc joill^ n j Klnpk tr jntKLrjL^ ^nd r, ll^clI m 
CO rK4 aH.1 Hhn of I hrir \iM', ScclL^ nf S kuAuc jr^ CTUcjih^ n h jtkL^ fil bink "^ dcrti.^'i^ I rrana^rN otcn riccjnpL Lo 
inLiuL^c zhc pn:i j<iJl i^a of S >LiJtK JublrhC co Typhi blSnla^ a Bcjrn of jmpm^ uit; kabcal lHnJar>J Haucn ]997t- 
Sjcce^oh 

S^iqiLn JciriLL^HKCiiph^ K\mc of 4 he ^AdLcu Kin ojicbr bjKbcjpc anH NhtoicN pni billed fkiiMlint; hcJcc re hia m\at 
nfia j£j n uhouminri c^ Thc^c highh Nrimalcd ^'orvlriihm unipkd ^ iknn ci^jEjnLL^ Liruc ^ro*!!!}] Inrm nLkh^ Lhn 
N^CKN Nh 4X1 kiJiLTC ^Lciai nn caii^ ux'^'cu ho ru I jL>^ and mjirrinm LinmnEinLr i>n LiiiinJurbc^l Krin jn I he c]inia:t 
^c^LalHhn. Ho'i^'cvcr Si-ajtu kuAuc k ju^br^ aLconpajihrd b^ \Abcw \\ydu:fp\iy\z', ^LH-ka."; Spai^^niim cmcjMiJD 
jndT}pka bLjhhLn The ieuok In re br did rtu dh n I LbiNC ^pn.^^ n LlEffKiil l4hdi«:cm biA nunnr^haagn m '■^tuct 
chcBE^iy oj njLml n^iftabiLri^ nay fa^i^rLk: cxpj n^ joji <i I otk ',j<itz', rwzr tmcAhzs ScaiojEil 4.Lnu4 h. LJun^i may 
jhnh pbiv J juk jn d:LcrjDLun^ i^k^li ^j^^h^ ma^ Lhhmjroic j ^ir al a pariKubi pihuri mcimc (Mai jnJ Haucn ]^97x 
Cok C Lip^J^l dEHJtK^ci ricrriaiA'c Jitujn^hii mL jubl ihn^hLfN of her Scirpuc aLiiLL^ [^ pr^ 

MaNA_B_EJ5JBT 

V^d uhndcf JK ajKl bck of pjbiabt fnnjfjc ]imi In uLl^I. luc 4hf [Iik L}pc f{o\¥c^cr ifupbid Innj^c h-r^'Oiucs k jaac 
a nd Koi cojKiri ihu drv. ]n Q^HK L ma} nukcucc of ScjrpiK amia Sfiih ar^ wd IknMi^kL^A Lb: ^ro^ \n^ ^aian jhI ■ 
cjNi]} dajna^d fphm [njmplBf b^ In'^lfick aixJ lAiUkfr Vcg^jLi^acan altn be Llinijgi>l b;K Ljamplint; TkK 
coidhlibL} w, DIbum jn crihcr bLc hDaicTir^ ^prin^ il Lb: waLcrt^'ch \awc dnip^Ll BjfThrhrdl^ L^^Qscji d iL 1^^) 

Ad J A C E BT C q W W U Fi ITIE S 

CSSii 

EPirPHiAUTHD 1 

l^t^aJHh^Vd MiKck} 



Tti 



CAEBAGE) Rarest 

SmiiakC: HHiyymEJ 

On Qun^ lECNTnjjj^ h^ciDph;rfh chia^icrv^N lie piKCJiul ulurj] ^'fi mjiujiEV iu'A'cvcr Tki^ plcala a th^ j bir 
kcdI co-iln mnEirri 4hr4l:ijnBjn Kj^ch^ T^ik LhrThjfj p]hrjLa/L}^kLki4hnj mcrj.ajiL^ ^vimjnunriy b WBi^imci 
ihlIiJu] 'ii[hBThj_p pl^jLa-TMJija hdcni pk^ IbL'l.^urhriLiJD ajDciEaiiiB t^n. [.^^Lhinhn jmcrj.anLi|.T^Li^ 
hdcm pk} Ib-'l-^^ j: hriLijn ainciEajiiB. j nJ Tui^ IcIrPhphyLla-l \vfi pLM.ria.'l.^^ h: hriii m ajT>rn.>iLiB b^ Jiomc JtAlciii 
(Ul^4;n j| J^JH^i. KiJJi^^ ■■\r4-LK ^^hh hjrluiL^ a) rurujTHKLi twz LDBmiiftih:^ ^ hi.ii:Kki a mufli b^rico Lb: 
Lliiscn[ri i^n Nurh a^T^fj pkTUJ-T^Li^ IcJ cphpin LWI.^^k hrinnn ajDcikajiiB livn. L^MLki^nj mcnrj rui| A^huid 

Th: Thufj plhLTii j/[.^^L LLihB ZLmcTFTJ rui i»mrTTuniy r, kic^n fmm Uahn BrJiih C[>ljniML. GiEgfin. ¥^axl]i[itJ$[>H, 
J ml pix^Nlth u:4Ab:jM Xii^ka 1 h^ UKidziL LDBmun i ^ L^j^ Bdn^uJ id wcJ BzirtinLC cIudjLc jnfLicKu] jcuax af 
rtunhnu ]LtLhih twti i^a\Kuskzn\ ]$jiAKCDlimhEL4LlLyjg d >L L^^bl [[ EounJ rtrarLlc N^ah Pnhck C trj PA^cr Rh'c r 
C^fDK■t^aKlWclLJH:^J99LU^JL■Lk ScLkiri: MiHinj irn j kij^j Lk: WL^JimtjlL^B J r>J C^laho bn nicr I ^c ILnrr I^^S^) Un 
Lb: ^'cd ^c L>f4hc Ca^TJLlc Zv]L4injins ri '^ua \>wlc uibiivzly Lomm^m la Lb: LhwbjvL^ i\\ V^uiiintJlL^B (mrh l^ chr 
F\i^ SfiLiid ImjgKh DjEgfin iKiia^^ Li?^! jr>J pjL4>abl^ BiiAti Ci^ljnibB f{i:i^c^cr Lhir4fi tifj^inf; ilrvcLpmciL 
a£ii:ukLiiE jr>J ^ d tand 4ks ntd n n. i n jki*!^ JTiH.ii niur'iirih tw vnhl: ncuurrunLrj c^mjinug A ^iBikir 
cojDHLiJiEV 4 ^ [ h J mncLl cojiit J ^TLUhp^ ) r, ^ho ^wo'a n fnhm MKrikcju Aluka ( Vri^cl: d al I9*>2}. [[ e jh^h LrKii.vB 
|juB4br SLiDwjdcr V J It^ L^f m^ri h^o^c m Mthdziu 

&iviP.D y HEHTAL Desciiftid M 

Tb: Thj_tJ p]hrjL^[.y^hL hifi n ajncri_iHic ci:ijdhlijiL} e tuml uiAd. marine clmu4c LAil»:m:nJ h~j]k-^ IrcMDJia ^ul 

kiiA cr jiHHJiisiD kL^n [[ r, IvutkI jL ki*!^ ck^~jLi>u Bcbr ScLirk MoudziiEK ziml N^ri K h'lMl. Ct^r^ al cr Ra'c r^ aPHxoH 

5\X\\Ay ICHK1 m)jr>JLhh-AD4oNutx-cl4hnlL:coaiLCUl.^4!n2L I^^Sfh ^'c]lncr ]-^t^ MihNcI:^ j r^J ^ cIjk r L^^J J . Kuji;^ 

1^^^) Tb: mjriim^ mfliriLCLi 4.1imric hhI inlsKl mih^sd Ciich CnhLjittu ziml n^ah iilihih b ^ haEM:4crLrc<l h^ 

iivarjn. miny Numncn jr>J i.-f\W hcfr^ sru'iiEail ^ idcn T^p plKTua/L.^^kLkinhn jmLn.nnL^ t; r^^ndcLl Lhh poDil} 

diauKLl 1^ ajnpN 4hr 'hih^' oji fkriMlpbuK IIiJ gmiiKl jr>J Llrpr^N2>0JK rKjrLhi^ £indh:n ^liramN NrcpN.Npjin^i.aji:l 

pcH-kcd 'i^TiicT LabkN fUri^i^cl jL ]Slttfi, Kuruc ]9^X The wiih ■:i±cn kj^v kjgki:ii^[ik cniLcri (rmrkL^r \\ai'} will 

mcdum Lhh ikliKi^i nJikili gtyng avl jmKlluifi ziml n^k^Yln. mihnJur^ rr^mciCc g JDBcrul m pk^) Fa]L:n4[?n 

Lijcuncd PhnL ^AHk. jr>J NHhil jnHJJvt form hinmoLkc jh-n^v^hr urun4cLl DrKSXDuIh fkiDitLl wiiL Thr ^jLcTLahk 

k\cl^TLrr^ frr>jn ^li^hl^ ahc^'cchc lajIsLiitirc z\> ^L^hl^lKb'A (Ucvj^ d aL I4H6; Kun/c 19^ X 

Veg etxtid h DEaiRimciH 

TbrTh^p plK3d[iVL}^Ekk[>B ^mr ih: j mn L^mmunJ ;k Ou-k>^Jn^ Tluja pbrjLa-Tnj^a hdcm pk} lb.'l_^^jrhriujD 

a mcmiiiijjD} A dniDEmti>l b} cchrrTnj^a h^c n:!^^;^!^] c2D4fi 5Vi ^vi^vrl HhrT^p plhLTUJ (5 Ll> HXJ'~r uhvcrH ^nrc 

l^^^] Thci-twLffy EnpcBCD Lk^d (CHKt ■:ir m^iu LD^rT) ^ml Luualiv 4:4hmj<iNi>l fi 1 1:!!^ nbzlIL dnmcLcT Ljeci ^eIi 

DLca^hn mL bTfjc dU ^jj^^ Lii 4 [?^ aj>J ^i7ung4[?^ <Xb:r[r^cN NHhmcLimQ^ co-lVi mjrad . jm bi:lc y^zcj Kri4.bcjKD 

[coaiLa]) ziml r*iu:\ gmmlK avl Wtmk Ji±in I lloxIzlL ajvl joKcJot utjmJX ThriE k i^dcp :l j hoJ^ t>;r^rri4h 13 m Lal^fif 

^ aiyui^ c^^'c ruhm jHhNLd 4hl k^ch^ mrh u GplhpajuA bnTrxkic , Cfi ihk caiuLlcKn Vjccmumn^TLlrfnlmn McruE^a 

rcuu^rK^. l^hj mjLis punku m. ajKl Spnu LlnugtjNi(jll ^ Lli hw ci:i^'c r) ( Ul ?:q; n :lL I^SO Kuel^c I^J^J OnLk: 

cna^ C^dJ piuNhlv di^^rKi laLjkJ ) cdjdbdh ^j^cn jr^ Ujuhbcra NhaIbBCZD4fi 5DS^ m^'crl. V>rcLAum atk^l^cEBC 

(t^i4haa24KT cuvn) Fliu ^pi>ijhLfii ^ k»; Ikaji LfX^L ^vi^vrl. ^^vri-BLUuLum ^wd Vjccmum paivjO^Lum (tZunrc 

liiS^l Sbii±K[cmJ [L> gPhw ojidi:!^ ni>l Lhfj^zimi ^oD moumk The b:rbH:cnLL^ tajrr k lVi mjroicLl bv LvcElmjoi 

jmcnrjjujn l^4fi ^LX'd ^'fi^vrl ^ch j dnrjic Lwrmhta^ fil Icrm ajvl a]lh^ hjlji l^ AJh^Tum flLu-fcBina Bt^hMiH 

NphLTid G^BmhCjrpum dsyif jtciK Diyifficwik ^pi>.»c^ aid F^ncJum NpcL>:N lUcyjfi d al ■■\4t4: kun^ ■■\r4-L}. \ 

nwMH Ijj'c rsuBi^ imci uhvcE chc mjI. jiuedI^ c^mptKcdnhf Mourn ^j^^e^ Rki^^jnPLiB piiiLlriLijn jml Sphi^JiiB 

N^ch:N fc 2 S pkjfHjm Mfj rn:iiLiJD aad J cu^ijrLiJJD. dp pLHhr^ rKic^H ULz|; cc oL l^Gthr V hrruck i:t aL Lji^Jj TbeccdFU 

fu'A CL^Bmi^p ^jajDuu j:t; bolpIv j fcwCoc^x NpochiN 'Aih b'A covet 

Wildlife Value E 

Tki^ pli.al> LDBrTUPJEi pru^hJc tiqj^ jmiMiriN i^f lm>J cl^ytt twd •^lici bra vaix4 ;k ■^■J~'a lillEfir Tb:iLJ£}i 4kc r fecLl 

Dj]Thj_tJ pbrjLi j>rcLlki amjriwj^ fi^vciJ hhcmc jmixjjiN In rujifrukiic k^ch^ k L^ ^^ajivlurd^ jLH.k jn Cb:draA- 

b^-Lcd ckhrkMkcN ajKl gcNka'ALi u lJl:c 4>kl jj^\Ki] c ruc:^ fL>r In m^Bg. cnirr apd md m^ ^ Horacim oL IWSX 

Bjcce^oh 

Li4k EnfLMBai p:ij] fi n I he nutceu i>pa] <l} mm k^ DfTFup pkTua/L.^MLkiihP j mcj^ia nu ho\~iibbt Tlij_p 

pbrjLL^I.j^Khrinn ajnrn_iiLL^ ( iBLljdmg T hj_tJ pJh:jLa- I ui^ Icl l Php h^ L^l-'I ^^Khrimn jmLiEaniBl a t -wzzy dU 

pixc n elL juLuclI L^mmuni^ ]l m>^ or^ipalr fphm z\k ctw}^ Kcja] AIjil^ aihci^i^r Wtmk irKTiru ^[.^^l h ium 

jmcThTjnjm coBmiipL^ (kuruir J^JO-l) In b:aihri^ ^kuki.ckjmil k^uifi of Ti[iLitir4:4>[iLmu[iJ ei pn^jmcci Tnj^a 

hdc n:iphyIL oml ^iini> k^ckn dn muu rKv {V hrr^uk i:t il 19921 

Mafia b_e h e_b j 

Tbi^ pLdo aidTnj^a kiciuph^Ib arc highl} vikEd iHbcrLiE^:^ k^VF'c^'cr. Thjji pLiLJca c^pLnjn^ n rwiL ai 

NurccN^fjl uThj£|j b:Lcji^ph^Ib Sici ^ippiha ing T hj_tJ p]hrjLa/[.}^kLki4hnj mcmanji h^j^ frDJU iii^jli^ pph^hxinc lo 



77 



nAixji piiHhrho^ llo'i^'c\^r Eon^ prr>LiH.lihn Rhrln'^NKk k ^vry \yA In aiUJi^B 4 he 'i^tuc i [ jhLc n kifik BZLLin^ 
ki^in^ nxL^I buikljr^j m-nizii hnial 4k^ rLhpjncnJ . o i kh c^l^I. ^jsy ir^j ini pnu ktlM Ucyjfj cl a] ■■\4t4. HajKcacL jI 
I9KK. Haucn d aL l^^'} T hr jalurjLcd Hhc^Jihr KL^iuru ^'cn Jix'^'cp^ hi: zo LDBpaduhn an:l Jiulic [j^c ^mihhiihw 
ha?^[d high. Thj_tJ plirjlL^L jr^hrhrinn iBcnLTinK jaiuh ka^ ^ ikJfLir^ ckiLi^hTlufj p]hL~jLa n ujlcc j< JiiLc Ic fiwz 
mi^riziLiy lIic Lhh ri£Nka]b'i^ lurk ajvl pmk %yiicm OUciLjeci hzi'i^wcr ^~jn uir^i\r iku damj^c Nhluk 

AdJ ace H~C q n n U H ITIE S 

Id rKink klrih.^ .iiiiN-;ixrikcau BnnkCfiLHtib TliJ_tJ plirjl L^l.^^hrhrifi n iBcnLTinK k adiuvrri if\ sLfilril} LirrT 
cojDHLiJiE hiN 'i^hi-k £jll Hlnh J 'i^iz ( fkii^JptuK cifj Tu H ^~j It^ holcDJiii) [D muhT C4ocib pcs ) ^jaJkcri Fmm vfzi rin 
mciiL. cojnHLiJiE hiN jrKhKic TliJ_p pli.al k-TNU£i> biLcjuph^fc^fi nui ^ ihic j^liLfuncJujD arLVEUc Tlufj 
phial L^E4fj it: Lum zirvcuc.Thjp pLi.idaX>pLpj rax iKiTn:him TliJ_tJ p]hrjL^AJ hjrTuni fllL<-fcBiru: Tkip plcata- 
TiLi^ kcl cphpin Ul'1%l±ht; pan jILe^Ai h^ium fllL^-fcmiru: j ml TiiJ_p plirjl L^Adu niiB ^LbdujD fUcvig d a] I^F^ 
V^cbiJ L9^9. Ml^^cI:} zinJ 'A'cllj>rr 19*^ I}. Oik: i :uJ_pcciL v,a cfimHLiJiEhiN aiu npanaa ^h.Iijn ^'jnouc Ncdgc-uoJ^ 
Nkjiit 4hi \lTiVk iiion LDBmunir^ iBLlulin^ AIjel^ ahci^Hhr \lniK UK'jru^l ^shrhrimn ajncn.>Hjm ^Kuru^r J^J9-L) 
Tiiip ph.ala.'l.^^ hriiEO n zimc nrj ni^ th^ \Mcz^niic, ^ ri k ^hii±ilM: r^vi mHUJiE hin UH.ku Tlup plhLTUJ- 1 ^li^ 
hdc mpk}]b.Ouj] kcju skj Iki n'l.^urhriLiJD >BcnL>HjmJSpha^ njjD ipixE^. TIu|l plhLTi£j/^]nji Hi^Ea-CnhciiK 
N4n t- n[fi: rj.L^^EliELiB >BcnL>Hjm- S nubu iru N4cltuj Tuj^a hdcni pk} lb.' ^^vri-iJLjrQiLiK'l-yc jrhriiiB amcruHJH^ 
J ml fui^ kcl cphpin Lb-Tlup pkTUjVVjLLjnum NpcL>:hL'l y^hihrion iBcriL^Eum ( VriuLl: d jL 1^1. Kmirc 199:1). 
AdfJccrE upbii^ jrutKUjIly fnr^hriK of linrrLDBmuni^ L^J^^ Lkhmiru4cLl h^ TKU^a hdcroph}]^ TIu|l pLiLica drcr 
L}pLs Ahhi^ finiiir^ twti ]\nHkl^u]ja oicji/hi^ii 

Cd h be kv iN Tia ■ Rihp: 
G4QS2 

E^nwwj AnTH D 1 
l9<]IM2-CWyClira Miiifh^ 



71 



TrrWAfATffDU^lBROADLEAFCATTAILt HeibaceausVegetBtiDn 

Sn iiAR C« N N ^ y mEf 

Tlin ciiiJDHLiJiEV HK'fun ID MihdzLU , Cfi brjiSih New ^fcxEL^ "^'jri^Bintf - l^Lik^ ^ul NcbcKl^ 

& V.P.D Mfc^EHTAL DeS^IIFTID y 

I ht; cobhilibL^ t; lixirKi jkiri^ n4 r^j mi. itvcs , aod ri be baok [>f paKli. Tic nolIk uLuoird arftHidi^l tir rnurtiDf Ihc 
y^r \i tKUjIly las j higboj^nk cdjech. 

Veg etxtid y DE^RmaH 

mdcn T tjLjfnLB caa feinn [true dzimk jn pbiccN jlrm^^L Lhh I he ciuLuEin i>f fiL h: r^ j^^ h^ Ohrr^j^cn LjpulDf 
iiVdbndc aiE fMinJ la Iikcct j mLXJUi id [ he cojdhlibL} Am^Bg^hr^c aut Carrx Npp jr>J Sciqpuc Npp 

W kP Lif E Va LU ES 

T^pka bufDlia k aD Bpuriziry jouct'c 4hf kLjlIc hiliotj cfivcr jr>J i:Hhd R^r '■^ lUUfr V^jcciib^ Iwc Ihji4y^ d?w TK%\m^ 

J ml hLimg4:4h\rr pji^.iird chr ^aiiic jr^ m:^ cod ctmc TLk I^^ e :l i-rt u^L uuh.c dC ouljn]^ cil^'c rziu] nnauiD^ 

co^vr fc J ^Lih^ -JKTuJu] Aid lud- wid^cl] bLcUujiL^ (HarKracl :lL ]^W). 

Sjcce^oh 

Tj^ha bLjfihLB A t pnhlLfhL ^u] prDiijLCT jmJ cdLu^^n cicpihNcd mincnL uJw4 mici iemIiI^ CfimHUJiEhiN aju sjbLc 

i.vkrn \hinLcr r^jBi^ r^maiD £jir^ h\^ albmgb Lh: Kf^chi^ can^otrjlr j^nKL^ fil drnj^tri (Harncnci :lL I^^RK 

Mahae EHEHT 

S<iJDc LL^uuk J T} pka biibfa Ll> h< cdd ag^juiNn'c bim^ LawdkiDJ iesIooiod prn^dft ^MriKh and Gouctul: I9|J3^ 

bi>_aLiNC Df riK abiUiKLL^ fihrnidcinc mL^UMulucn 

ApjACEKTCq nnUMTIEJ 

Carrx ipp jrKi S^irpiL^ spp uhmjninri ici cfi mnia nif dlluc k j ±i^ 
Cd HSEEVAHfr n Rahw: 

EdIFD HJ AUTH D 1 



7? 



Appendix E -Site Descriptions 



BO 



1 Ambnrsc Fci 


B2 


2 Airicc Crcct __ 


E4 


3 GljcKr £ lous h 


S6 


4 Grceg Creek Fci _ _ _ 

5 Hidden Liikc BnJdn ic^ Spccinl 1 ru^re?! Arcd 


- - «8 

S9 


fi Lii7y Creek Fci __ 


91 


7 Lcri CrcetFcrui 


93 


S MiilLyLakc 


95 


9 PLumCreetFcii--- 


97 


10 Porc u pine Crect Complex ___ 


98 


1 I 

1 1 Swji River DcJla_ 

12 Sw4iD R iver Rewjrtli NJnial Area 

|j Coadoa Ciect Bciijn iclJ SpeccJ Iqiciuh Aicj___ 


LOO 

L02 

LOil 


M FldlicL^I RncrE-J^d-^ 

15 Gljc'KJ7\^iJii]J.JL);etLJeConiple;t _ 


H>6 

HB 


16 Lewii Meadow 

17 Mccjtc Meiiikvft' Complex: 


L LO 

L L^ 


IS y\md Ltite 

13 NjftiCreekFcn--- 

2fl Nonh Etiiko Creek Fci 

21 PoinL PleiKinl Fen _ 


LL3 

L L5 

LL7 

L L8 


22 Siiadav Crcek BtiLran 

23 Waids- Bej^'er- Rjiilw^ LatcCcwnpfcs 


L20 

L22 


24 WcoHi-^^urJ Meinkiv.-^ 

25 Bear ?,x^ Meaikvw 


L24 

L26 


26 Bliuchtiid Ljkc _ _ 

27 BowenCrrctFeii 


L27 

L29 


2S Cn-^aJFen 

2? P^xhiJfci MkmIow - 


L-10 

L3 1 


30 Logua Creek Mc4jdm^ 

31 Lower [_£!£> CiKtBrtlim___ 


L33 

L34 


32 Njiie[rule Fci _ _ _ 

33 Koiind Meiiikvft'- McjdCT.^ Lake 


L35 

L37 


34 £tifc HtirixjrMiijyh 

35 SlicpjMr^] Crcct Fea 

36 StuakMemkvw __ 

37 ^trnih Etiito Creek Fei 


[39 

L4I 

L4^ 

L4J 


3g Swifl Ciect McjdtJT.^ 

39 Wh itefbili Spracc Swamp P re^erL e 

40 Blasdel Wjlerfnwl PrtdutlKJi ^rea 

41 BtxijuLt McudtJi^Ti 

42 Egaa Skju J h 

43 Gcxid Creek Mi3D>h- 


L44 

L45 

L47 

L49 

L5 1 

L53 


44 GccdCreekTribuLtiR' 

45 Lake House Mcjdtjw 


L51 

L55 


46 McT^ciic^tif S k^gli 

47 PoinL of Recta __ _ 


L56 

L57 


4S KilHeaburg Mcjdow 

49 Saiilfc UiteWdcrfowlPniJiclKHi Aiea 


L58 

L59 


50 5<iuce7er Meinkvft'^ __ 

51 Upp:r\Ve^FLJit.Lafy Creek--- 

52 VaaLtikc 

53 Wolf Cieel: Skwgh 

54 Weeds, Lake 


L6I 

L63 

164 

L65 

L67 



1 AmbR>se Fen 

Ldcatmh 

AETibruM: Ftaislnc^fd la I hL' 4iJlLiVEj pbi n r^mic^ hv [ he Ftii hmd R]vtr J aiiJL'sC!^ kai? nnnli of [ he non h shorL' 

of Fbhcad biii: in hl^Iiwch^ii] Nf^^rutikJ LinJ2 nilcs^J km ) "4:^1 h ol Llielowiol Ci«on NOTE Th l^ l^ j pnvijtc 

wdbsd, aul lundcn^ ELcr peruiL'SttLia is nei^dL'^J Lo ul^chs Lliis ul [^ 

RjCHNES 

Am buisi: l-L^n ]k^ ijH lie: VJJ liL".id VaJky and ls a mtKJK. of ^'rt ^jwucl" J Plcl^ -q^j fiifCH ^jubcair^ a»do[Kft 
ftns. Dctp 4iDd ^haJkiw fxx^biof^'aii^rcicciiTinfdlchcsili^^Li^cd Ibdt [he p:4itljnd b fomicJ tibui'i: and air^u nd 
sprin^'^ The "^^ i:r Hti«iu<: L^aic:^ Likely 4 [ic: kdlk Likes fiivftd in [he nilLing gLicEded upLiuls Lo [ he ejd 
(Le^sLt] \9^) Thb fea-LtuT compJe^ h^liiLh is one of Llie Ijr^L^fd p^J Lind't wl"4 oI Llie Com menial Divide in 
Montana, Hvpfoils a d iverscy iif pLaH eoniniu n il ks Tliere 4IK Lwo wet sprnce Fiife?! emnnnmljes Llie Hff uee^f leld 
horsrJdi] ( Picc^i^q u mfln m an'ens: Mnd spmcc^ku nke^bboge (Piee^VL>?iiehEon dmerKLinnni) commiiil ics. The fi^nner 
Ls dominLiccd by spruce aMl p^iper hiiuti l Bet u b jxjpynfera? tiul il hLJS ti djverx: nnderdoiy Th l^ fiifCH ixeiis on 
Ll]cnmihe4ri aMl'^cd mdeof[he'4e.The IlII er "q^njce 4 > [e Lsnueh'^d4er4han[hc FotvKr i\md Lsfii«ftd Ixkiw 
Llie big ■iprinj'i Jnd cK tier wet JTCiK Lcskj U 9*^ 3 dew-ntcs < wi> Lyjx^ iif cam-c^dJ urn liH lie sil e bc^ 
bi iLli^wi^er "^ge ^ BeJ iti nanL^dre:^ ^nLi iIeiJ aftd \xj^ tntrh/BiiNK tmk(Bc1nLi ntihi^JiK us tuh eils> 
eonmu n II les. NeiL her pLiri Lc^niicEd urn }il£i heen de^nb.'^l forN^i^UnLi Bcith aic damiKHed h}' bn^^ hirch npto I 540 
2m[tJL ^^herLLitr^-omnmrniiesjlthesiledrethe \x:^ tntL hMznder ^\lge ^ Bctib ■aaoCjre:^ Ltstix-LitpiO Lind h.^ 
biicli/licakcd s[:dge IBetnLi Kjna^are^ ■! tjl u IlIlij amni u n lUes. Tlie fei etmniu n il y t1 1 he see ls nv^re ofcn aMl \s 
euffifKJsal of L^x) ptinl cimmnnjl ks LliLic hj>e le^ ^^ eLI-dei elop.'d nhru b 4.ompii*ents. Lesiea U ^^^-5 Mesrnhi^s t hesi: as 
Llieliog bin.]] A^ucr s[:dge jnd hiig biKh/ldid^eni tnlntsh ( Bl1 nLi ntimi/Eeitpns tiL uLns? enrnmiii les. siniiJjr 
vcgrtairai has b^en de^nbcd forPineErttcFcnlLciLej l^6i_ Tlie Ixjg birtli LsgenerjLly leHilhjn Urn tail The 
pH ]■ tie LiM 2 commin J Lcs ^viis measured li 7 J and LiecondurtLvily was 520 nS.^en Tlie bj£ bireh^^ er nedjc 
eunniumly in 4 tie fen differs fioni Llndc in I he ^.l^ct hc^'au'te I tie fen ^.omniiiiy is doKiinai ed by a Im^ cover of b::^ 
biiLh "thru bhy ejH|ieloiL 4 Peni jphylkitJ L^s fkinbu nd j^ aftd hcxin' wiLlo^{Sii]i\e4indjdii^ wil[iL^giound4.o>?rof 
bcdked spikerviti LHLeixliaris Jo^eLlLicai Biitun m^ ned^e (Carc\ hn:^]unmij> inLind s[:dge LCjre^ inierxif ^ uhI 
"^^ er ned^e. Tlie c^irr liieks sliTiJ bby c inqnefmL 4ind treated spikenjsl]. J n 4 tie bKJ^ hjiuh^'hLiid4 em bnLnjsh commiiiy. 
haid'^em buLnjs[iisdomin4inl in ^umc areas, oilen ^Lirin^ 4k>niLntiH.e "^ lIIi bv: jked spi ketimh 

Key Env iflo n m EHia l Fa c tp re 

I [lednMn^ fLiiLkif ^y Ambnis^ Fen is Llie livdrology of tlie hKc Annnti[ V4in:1 ion in pKcipiliikiieiin ptiy ti kitge 
Rik in 4.cunpi>tC ion and » njLl ire L^ piiini amniu niljes in I he p^Lic bnd Nnnen^usd^LxJ h.^ biiLli h^ er^ ob^^n'ed near 
tliceadem ed^c of I he fen. 4ind 4icecml ing to 4 tie Liftdi>wner^ t hey alL dcd d nnng Llie Hvnmer iif L9^7^ when 4 tie 
"^^eridcltie fen wl£i ver>- li igh aJI tinnier d u e to i?4.oid HMV^'falL I he prev lous winter. T h is h i^li w Jler ^iffurenl l> 
inRucKed conimnn il y eimfXisilKi* tis ^?IL bccL^usi: d u nn^ Kiy sjle vlsiI I ni^JLed Heverd differences hel^ven ny 
obfiCR'n ions a»d LcsKi3^l]^^_5?D:jminiiiydesen|KL(jns Rh exuniple- 1 he spniLe/TiclJ ior^KtaiL 4.ominiiiy Jl t he 
"^e^em ed^eol Llience htid tii underlotv'dominLiced by WLler [lOESd Ji] ( Eqiisi:^ in flnvulik ? "^lIIi veT> liLJe 
TkU horxlail WLicer lu^Esd Ji] fin'ors wetLer ciiwlE kuis t hLii Ikid hordajl.and lI's fxus^ihJe 4 hai VrHcr 
horsi^jdi] b^eaine donuijnL dinig aftd lolloping the summer of 1^7 In 4idd il un. woler ned^e w^tsncx veT> commi>n in 
Llic fei. despil e IS 4ip]X3renL domi ntinee Ll 4 imes in I he pLi:^. Tlie ^et l^nd eonimnnjl ks t1 1 he see htiv e appurenLly 
resjxuided qnjie tupidly Lot-lun^esin the h>'d n^L^:^ le legivK 

RjMirrf 

Li addLtitm to being one of Llie br^erfens !■ Llie IJeitnd svpfKHlin^ u divers: anay of fmitind eomnuniies 
AmbRis: Fen LiL^^ lioHS J nimbcr iif QiTT pbM [DpaLiKifts. Pjk si^ge 4 C jk^ Livjdj^ pix^r si^ge 4 Cdre:^ 
p^iiperLnij^ >eJk)w IlxJ > ^ slipper (Cypripcdiin c^eoLus v purF ill^tinj^ be^iLed spikenjsl] ^ EJe^ichans 
rmellLdd). t u [ted elnb-rnsl] C Eeitpns eespjlosusj^ jnd fldl- leaved Middcrwon lULnenLauL^ inlermed iljJ all ticcir 
inltie f>[Miijnd 4ind jre ^eieriJIy re^l rjd ed 4o b^ieiiJ niies Lliiuu^ [lout 4 [leir tun^e Kidiey- Le4iycd vxibJ (Vnti 
ren ifoliii) cic4.nis in I he wet sptvce lore^ai Lliesjie Tlie nee ab:) hjs 4in u.cntTen4.e l^I [le ^LobulLy rjre 
spniee^ku n k e^bb^e Dimimii J > . wtiKh LsLirgeLind iifaideondiULm 

Qthek Values 

T [le owieis repjtl liL^vin^seen miivnlJin Lions^ gri/?J> l^su mrxx^'.and wtitett JL deer usin^ 4 tie welbnd Tn 

addiLon rirefliesiiceirLnlhefen 



Ttic ^itt IS pnvacl> m^ncd tud g rLiiol bycdcit SninL' hinnvickLn^ iif 4 [ic "^^il "^u rfLf ■: d pics[:i]l tirmndchc 
mLir^jKS. Ctii jdt] tliiH Lc LC]i\jin LAfL-L^n^ h pnckLy Jd4 «ll' l Sluh. h u*^ sfp ^ bu LM [ll4 Ji: ICirMU m viilf^ircj, 
hou nd^L^gUL' LCvnogluHhUEn iif fLcioaJL^^ and bill L'r^h^CL't 4 ^tiniin d u IcaMiajij} Ji? alL |Tfcs[:i]l d I hi: sue. finnanly 
inltic'^d "f pruLi: f^)r» . l:s]v<:eiJI> when: gnazing h^ts cxx u rrfd B]l4cmv^ft fiinns fturiy deksc [^c hcs ( ufi lo JC^ 
cox'crj in Mjmc "^piis. R<:cd mi jr>ii ^J^K ^ Phiddas Jiu nd lrlkl^O is liL^j !*_"**:■< Lcllicfcn but it docs oti en rrcnLly 
fofin lur^L' domjKjnL , imiHil> [lu: i^^ods 4is E Jucb jl ^^mL' l:4 hLT JMKS. 

T [i^ su m^uiidjig kiods Ji Llii: VLj|][^y jr: [mi^Jy bcin^imod for j^ciluJI u rjl pui]x>tL"f S4ai ■: Hi£[LW4iy ^^ wliicl] W4K 
n:i:ci]ll> widcocd JK^s'^uhii] 1*^ [ndtuf [hce4rii:nLi:d£col LliL'fci Honmo^ dcvckifWKiil htisnccincdajDundsonc 
of Lin: tctLlc LiiL^ L'lH iiH lie hLshi^m'- 

Ihfq FLMAiw h Needs 



A Ix'iLlt u ndcpd jnd ing of LliL' liydiolr^v of [ he "^e l^ ■L'cded co l'H'^u re [ hLi IhL'si^nLllcjiil pcjlJjnd rc^mn-CSLi 
Llic sJe aie pRUeanl 



Ma m s em ehtHeeps 

Mdnloriig cf tilt lecd cjoaiyf Riss Ls oecdcd Ln dd tnnint jf 4 [le fXJfiiiLJLon d ]k reiKing and lI jI LliL^fL^lofL' pivtcs 
t] tbimt Eo 4 [ii: LQicgnl > nf Ihcsitt A'^'Cfd nanj^eincnL fiLin is uls:) ic^i^d 4o miairnj^ Lin: Hffu^ of "^cliHs in I hL' 



spruce fbm. 



&£n entO c c u^RE^f c e ■n"h> ^m a no n 



P H.L\L \L^''^^I "J *"J-J u II 1 .Ln jnv nv.s. 


Gi 


SJ 




Picca sp'lvsn. h Nil* Lii>L:riLLLiin Jocl"^ 


G2 


S2 




Rctukigl.hndukx^k'LLLru^ uLnLukHLL\hinbkLMl 


G4'' 


S4 




l^ct u ki g 1 jnd u kxi^VL^Liu^ k^.k^LLq'^i^hjubkiftd 


G4 


S4 




PL^itLnd 


Z 


Z 




CLlfL^K ll^ Ldtl 


G5 


S-1 




C'jizc^ pjupcrcuki 


G5 


S3 





S3 



2 AiriiceCmek 

Ldcatmh 

Sac k^^ cd ii* Aru ICC CKL'k tihiivl 6 aiilL's uifl h of Oli]c> Ji nort[LWL"4 MonUna 

RjCHHES 

Thts law J rtk^JciiL (.rcct bi:i[orn "^ils iJi a £liiL uLly fonnL^I vj]]c^' in Ant icc Creek The w^tJi lt houiul" fcM^I lie mLc 
tipficiarH [^ Ix ^u cfLiPLi: fli^y tin J ^ iinj nilihiier fi^mi Ari ILL' C n^rk uftd tc^^li^ LIil' lx£f of S4 r^'ktr 

Ridgc Tlic *iil L" bi cxjmjxw-^ ijJ j div^zr-j." urrjy of cxmiminjl lc*i_ incliid in j jn cjiLcqmvc^'cI ^piuccfracs t^lIIqw 
bhTctnin^ ■Eifsl] , '>kifi[L£ fci , jnd jq ud Lc bed comrnnii il ks. ^ ^pnccyikJd liordml L Ficci ^[i /E4|iet[:4 in LjrL'i:n'4:j 
cuffiETiu n il y c:c4. u pic^ iDiiH iif 4 [ic fkxxJ pLun of ^iil ill' Cun^Il £ fincc domioLii l' 4 [ic ovcnloT> "^ ill] ^liIiuJitielc firC^lnre 
iLfiurcdr^? occLiiniig oa liumnu-k aiiccivtccs. 4ifid 4 [ic ll^cHiii^ly dj^L^rsi: undcrliHy b 4kmLnt1cd b> fitld 
horsi^jdi] CLo^r [o 4 ht CKi:k b J Imirnrni^d's wi]k>w/lK^kcd »zJgt C SuJi;^ dnj rnimiftdELiiLi^ ■! CKuLiL^j cimniu n iLy^ 
vy\L\^k ■"> d L'-TtJ.'d L^d h}">injlJ cbjn n?bi foruicJ by wLxcr backed up b}' old bcLiycrdair[S.ThL' hc^n'i^rdLJEnyapp.'areJLobv: 
oldoDd u nniLiirutiincd C n^Lny hi^ been pun itilly trfu^^tiali. T h? wi Ikm (^oinnu aily inccrgi^iJcs we h d ai^inl] LomnLiaLly 
domjftiiL'd h}' bii^knl'^'d^c.Tli^r^L^n^si^vi^Ril^rnjLI [KxiLsuHMiciLiccJ'^Lll][hc<K'4irn[ht1 "iupjioimquidc ic pljnL 
cimniu n il jl:4> doaiinLiccJ by € [miij "qx On 4 [ic wc^ sidi: of 4 [ic ^il ■: d I hL' lu^a: of ^ r> kcr R id^c^ 4IK »=vi:niJ "^ijnig 
rtns-Tlicsi: fL^n'^ure rnml> domio^cd h}' t] "^L^nd^zr si^dgi: ICarr^ bhKXLirpLi) coEnrnunjl > . aJl [lou^Il 4 iriol ^pnu.L' uod 
b::^ hjiuti L BlIuJli ^l.hnd u k>^hUxLur4 licxnjgliLnjI j^ do l]LKir>"MlJo^ ^ ^u c^ikdiJa? ^ n.'ca-L.'ckd Lc:44on£Eus 
(EnopbiHurn v irid iLLin nLi u ni^^ ><:Jh)w "^^d]^^ yCaici llavd)^ SpliL^auai sp ^ tud aliE^r rniiHSi^fi 

Key &yjHJ WW EHi a l Fa c "TCire 

Tbc ckkf fatofs H ruLl inig Llii: VL'^ddtwi comnu n iLks d LIil' sec lut liydiulog^ , gcuEnorptiokjf^ LkjwgiudLctf 

creek bixcorn) tud bc4i^'cra:liv]l> 

RARnr 

A jiopnLiKi* of gKL'n- kccLnl ciUcon^ RiUi cxx u r^ ]■ Lilt fci d Ikbiscc Tktre W4K uIhct ti ]x:«>]tTt ^il iig of lj l:og 

Jcnmiig (SyntifiGnys biifcaJEiH u nn^ 4 [ic TkU invi^oior^ 

THER Va LUES 



CuTirnLJy LliL^fL' El kn^gis^ occimn^ is tkr sffii:^ ccnnnu aity 1 rnnicd idcEy do^^n^rcun Froin tliis 4c , sd wkiLc net 
cccumig inchc^c kiggin^ cxmLd ixcir in 4 [ic ^pncc forL"^ on I kL' sUl' Ji LIil' fucnic Tliis \jl l' ha^ fL^^ 
c\iil Lcs. jII hi«gk LiLkxs of icixl cmmjyf rau> ( PhtitmH anj nd iftiiCL'^ij wlic Icnul in [ he "^ ilkm comnu aily. WtiLlr 
cincnily m^ "^ LddfTfcid d tkt iicc J [lis in Yiobivc sprcioi cm spicud j^f restively tud mjd> jxx^ ultirfd Lotlic 
E)tt tvcri LmJI> 

L> LANDS 

Lcf^inf iind rcxxj-tnild ing ha^cccunv^l Ji LIil' upLiDd'> imn^LiH iLiccl> c^td jod wch ofltiLssuc 
Ihfc RMAiwH Needs 



A LkofDUf h niifi4LC invcnior^' ciKulvd LiH Jinng [ he g rDwiEL^ M.'^iMja Land occ dinig tlic fall tis ^v^t^ Lliis ]i]vtn[ory 1 
L'lELCcdcd fiif [ h L^ ^iLl' b.'CJU'v IliL' Hcc "^u p[nris pdcBlEd htibati fbrumnbtrDf nrt plia! ^pccif^ A nvrvey of 
L}ie'>ilc fof hiig k'ninuig'^ L^i ai^Li iiL'cdL'^I 

Ma ha g em ehtHeeds 

Ari> fui u re [ iii]th.T liLirL'L"^ in 4 tie v Lcimly of L h l'> sil t sticHikJ dl niii iinu n L'riipk>y 4ic jrn'>jdL' nan j^cin[:i]l /4i*i:b«ffcis 
tifonnd 4 [ic Am iiM C rcL'k ^vt bod^ Scum: kjTFCd in^ iif 4 [ic "^d '^pmt.L'fom do^oilicurn fn^m Lli i'> Ml l' k js occuned; 
hcin^cvLTj [ic inLLxJ uftd c\4cKsivc ^jod of Hff ucc^f ii:ld kiHHJ-lLiLl ai Ll]j'> "^il L' stumLd Ik' ieu-IwIliH ^^illLin I lie 
"^ledramJ D RJi j^cvKiil /ii*L' hu ffcr for^ny fnl ire liL^rL-c^. 



S4 



BfniNXO C E UftnEHC E InH> KM AUD N 



P H.L\L *ifi''L\j u t4_T u m .ir^i: nsL" rjji:*fl 


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SJ 




Cj\rc\ Li^JiiLLirpti fcL^rtiii^iJU^ ^ cgdLC KHi 


G5 


S5 




Cj\rc^ HKJriLi hcrlxt L^ju*i ^ L'^M.i Km 


G5 


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SLiLi^dnihnumdiLinLLVi.LirL'\ ulriLukfLishiubkind 


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3 Glacier 9oLjgh 



L-DCATiOH 

G Lk ilt Skiu^ti IS Inc^ cd in Ik: Li[iper£w4ii] Viillty iw G Lie i[^r Cictk la ni^liwcd N^ifllauL^. alxml S nilcs Hti«l [i nf 

RjCHHES 

G LiL ilt Sk^u^ti IS tii ^ilciHivc montjn^ rrujisl] k^'dlcd jn ti gljci^ilLy SLcra rrd [ n^uf [i tik^n^ GLickr C reck, whicli Hnw^ 
Ll] n^u^ti I hL' sec ThL'CKL'k4.htiiiL'l fk^h^'s Lhn^u^ h 2 ciivi rid K^ns 4 lonh^J b) imirjLncsi whKli aiH rjin 4 Ik: crcL'k 
tud Fonn2 hinuw spLC^ 4iki*g t he chmmi^L one Jichc mKJd k of Llit uxosh jnd ii*L' ol [ he ouLJd. UfKicdm of Llic 
ciiH riLl Km Ji Llic inKJd Lc of Llii: ^"Q Itiod J he mLiEsk is donuiiLvcJ h}' huLkin^ bnJIoriL'^ LLm^piVtLiH of Dnunn^Eid ^ 
"^ Llk>^ /bJiL'jcuri iccilf r^tss ( StilLK dnjinnood Lii^'Ujbriiij^ [XKl IS 4.tii jdcnsLS? ji d ricr spixs ^Liid Drumnokd's 
"^ lIJo^/Ix^l'^I s^dgL' L ^ j| i:^ d cinEmmd iL^Em^tirc;^ ijl nc u iLictii La ^"accr sfTls. S[:vi:[ul Loi^t 4 nigi^rs nf 
spnict/blnL'joiil r^LiH^ rj:^ C PiccL^ /Caljmj° rui Ls c JOLidi^nstsh cxI i:nd loioltic wiLli^w htHcorn oa sli^hi Ly hi^ticr 
f mftd^ iind s[:vl'[uI Lit^l' sJi^ndcr »=dgD IC4ii?\ ItSiLcx'dr^} VKudcin^Ti f^^m jk Ihsjliks ]■ [lie ^ ilkiw b^lloin Tht 
f md iL'nt of G Licitr CKL'k vyki^'k ls vciy kiw Llinm^ h 4 [ic ni^iisk. d ^1 L'Cfcr jIxuvc tud Ixkw Llic ^rt I jod Ak^n^rht 
ciuck ^l:cn'i: I ht nar^ d d ^ crioMibQiik uMlt l ALn n't incdnt] h umnu n il y jnd LiHjti^i^ai 4o I ht dldi^r m [ he br^^ fla 
crL'ck IxcLoin i*^ a su b^pioc I ic^Lisjnig- Icavfd 4 WHcd "^Lilk f Abies t£ht:>CLArpLi^S4 ci'flnpiis anpLciifc^ 
eunaiunily Tliejxjd i^ihM niLir>}i u p^ r^Lim of [ he eoKi rid Lcm JiLlieji^iddLeol I hL' ^^ ct kind isgenszrjih ikwiinLlcd 
by drier eimniu n il K!s [ hLii LLl' LirL"Li Jl^ n^iujm of LliL' Lonilna ion T h is ^lutj th 4knhi nLi^d b^ lj i^ii^r biHsaLii I 
C EqiEd in f1i]viii]k^ cornmiiil > jnd ini^re sknder "^^d^c (.omnLinLly. A lon^ 4 [ic (:rcck and mrm nd 4 he ntirg]KS tire 
pdt^lies iif heiikcd salge 4.orniniiEy tiul tuouiid [ he niL^r^ins Ld~4 [ic: hielLind la I he drjhi'diiH ■ /ii*e th lj nai n\ of Lufced 
htiirgi;i»i L D^ne htmpsLa eespic«ji and bLue^innL reedgrjHS 4.oniii]iiE les Ttic only 4.orniniiEy ■■ Llie i^'a hod i^ilhaiy 
t]|TfTfn.ijble p.'d LKCLininlLicim] W4is [ he "^^ er linr^tiiL com miii > . "^ [iLch htistiver>' u n^^bLc q uakin^ uiii and 
ticcinLiLJ Lcm'f of LiEU-onHcdLdtlcd [c^ic over ].6[ndeL'p Soils eL«:wl]ere la I he ntusli had well-devckiped A hon^mis, 
vy\L\^k prububly indKtlcssubriL^nLiLiJdiyjigorLlienxijyhsvdtiLepertLidiLL^IJy.Tliej^uf cheopci'^^erjx^i^ 
tlic nudti near 4 [ic OLii let wl£i 6 7 jnd 4 [ic (^ondnci ivjl y i^'as a li^w 40 u SV4.in 

Key Env iflo n m EHia l Fa c tp rs 

T [lc sil e's [L>'d [uki^y and ge^miorptiE sclt ing aie 2 lEnportair factm^lbar haieshiip.'d IhthVELJ^ Allliongl] nol:oaver 
daMVi m~ jcl L¥c lndge?i were seea dnnn^ n> hcc vlsjI . [ here i^'cir nJd bc4i>'cr-cri "J mpMn I he ■ptuid su nrrandjig 
thcsJc L£i weU as buck slcm^ hsia I he w jlk:n^ jnd ned^c meadm^lhd urelyfiicdlof bcLivcr-influeKcd "^'4 ems. I 
suspcLl LliLic treiiv er Lonie Lind gL^frcmi[hissy4eni£Lnd[hti Ihey hj>c hclpal shape 4 [ic pkiri nmimnnji lcs ti Ihth 
Ml e^buL judging b> lLeidf]^<:'^LlJLn^»aMls[h<:y^e hLvagL^efor^jmelLaic 

PARnr 

Allliou^h fti>rLiiu pbnis h^ er^ ol:»:n ed Lie 4 [lls sUe dnnn^ n> vise Llie hc^: dcxis "^ppon Jl k^td 10 different 
i^dtind [ilari commnnHLCSJllori^hietijreiae'u^ellenK^midilLoa jod highly lepn^si^riJ iv e of [ heir R^hfKt1 lvc 
Lype Two of tlie cxmimin J les jre ■Komimi* in MoniaiJ T hcsi: aie Llie Hff uec/lrlLicjiiiELl rccdgi^tHS jod snlxiJpiic 
riE^liKpiig- leaved 4 WHcd 4 jlk 4.LunKiLiaE les TtLet sile is very v^imbJe fi^ Lhe divert! y of liigh q ualily 
habcais wh icti J snppons. 

Q THEPL Va LUEE 

Spiled flogs nsffcy.4ind mu^kraTs "^cre otiter^'cd dmig my Eite vise G lvci tlie lettivcly int-jcl npliindsEind 
puw. il y of rLuf s in 4 he d ninL'^e ahi>^'e Gliieier £ long]] t is likely chtl jLI of t he wcl kikd I uru-l k^ks lc 4 [ic sile 
arc jnl4ic1 

HufliLns rishing.und fHiHsibLy ill tier recicJ Hmj] acLJVE lcs Lire pfolxdbLy 4 [ic oaLy LindiiHes 4 hai i\i^ pkiced 
G lac ler Skm^ti ThesLieisatxml I mileb> fux fnmillK: nsMR:4 opci ForeH ciud I cxun T here i^cre icLii ivcly few 
c^iULC pbnisinlhepkiri Lommnnjl lcs lI IhciHil^: I n 4 kc cv-xi of 4 [ic h^el nicadin^ ^.ommiiE lcs. [ here i^cre I rjiL^e^ of 
Ljiix4[l> gians L Plileu m [ic^ien'si and fiVA'] blne^rjn ^ Pcxi [uIuh ns) Ther^ ls j small fufntii Kia of Kcd canaiyf 
C PhaLms ajij nd intte^Lj in one i>f < Ik: slendcrsedse meadiiws d Ihesjuih end iif [ Ik: sil e Th is hsj[Sl" ji rjcw ^^kick 
riinns miiflccu ll lies Ji ^'js.u]ally fkxided n^ushesL^nd fcKS. has been 4 retlol in Ike III ery ire ah hi^ k a n jc n e and 
ciiH u. species PiifvLii UQS II h^d k A merKU nay bv: (^ompiisi^d of bLC h uljve gend ypos dnd Eirof>:4in 4.n]l ivajs 
C Nkng luno jnd Le^jca 1*?^) [I is unusual lo'^'c small piipiLd loqs iif reed cjntm'gi;i»i hvc h js [ k:i ti GijcKr 
SkM^h 



L> LANDS 

Tbc u pLood^ jnainlEii L'ly ^u rToi]i]d]ig G Lie ilt Skngh tirt jnlacl and LiLknKipJ^ T [icsc Lii]d'> htivi: th.'cn jnjnugcd h^'LliL' 
rfcmJ Lc^n IFtd [LizaJ Nd ic^nul ]-orL"4 L^5j Noetic lukf- bu ildio^ ^od LiEnbcr tmivQd ludvc ox uncd fu diicr ip in chc 

Ihfo RMATioH Heeds 

A Lbofouf h nDfi.4 Lc su Pf'cv of Ll] L'> "^il L' El ■L'cJL'd 4is [ he one ] cood Lided d Lirjig my^iLt veilI W4isLUiH)r> 

Mahas emehtHeeps 

Tkcic eutud [nuimgi^Encri i]iNxl'>t1 1 his line 

BfH entO c e urrehc e Inh> km aud n 



PKCiL *ifl''c .ikllllLI^ riM W l-Lll-tk^rLhl'^ flW--^ 


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G4Q 


S4 


DcOlllHMipiLlK L">pilO^L h^rlXH-L^^US ^ L'^Ll^y Km 


G4 


STSl 


Com: buoLtirjxi hLNtuM-^L^us ■rV^dLC kU] 


G5 


S."^ 


Cair^ nxiJrtLi hcrk^c^ms ^ l'^lU urn 


G5 


S5 


EqiL».T u ni fli^ lU ilo hoiKx c{m\ ^ l'^li^U ua 


G5 


S."^ 


AIks lL:[hk:t.~^LJ7tL^i i^j^iifw> LjnpLc\hti^i us foi« 


G4'^ 


SJ 


^ 1 X d n n nic m d 1 Li n jA titiMEig n^l is conjd ^ ii sis 
"fhriibLaHl 


G5 


S5 


SuLix d nnETiond mEmAtur^ utnculda sh rabfeiMl 


G5 


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ff7 



4 GiBgg Creek Fen 



Ldcatmh 

Grc^f Ccrck Ftn Cikxidccd in [he Si^lisk Mcioj nLL^Ln*^ of nort [lwl"4 L^m N^i^laiiLi ThL' ^lIl' is d r^uiLiH b}' G ru^f € rrck^ a 

tnbutury oF Gcod C ruck tiod Ll]i:^i]lvAitrR]Vi:r 

RjCHHES 

G rc^f € [Tck Fi:n r«i u rc^ fh.'^i LinJ liuI "^d fricr^ tiul "^h ru b cxmirnniiJl lcs ^ il h ■■ tin und td u ctKiH piHlKi* of! ht Gicgg 
Cnzck wiiCLTifcL^H L^JjLKCrt l]^Jl^^^^:aJ^l bnd*! iux: bcL^n cnL-tJvcrJ Tlicofci L^ntJi Lhc kvA'LT_ wcHcni cid of Llic 
pzdiJjnd i^ doniJiiLiaJ by fi^^-flm^'ciud ^pJt[lml^hlEllX<:hJ^V1pLluclftl^J) ^ d lvcchc skruh ll^ct dcunirUcd by 
sh nibby cinq ucr^il ( Pl:4 L'nL]lla rrnl EC«i:^J^ biig biirh ( Bc4 u Lj ^ Lind u kiKJj^ jnd tnc kHioru l Rli^nin us ^UiifiilEi} lioi 
iinincdiacL> ufrircom Tfcc upper cji cud of Llie wet laod istii^'rt ^piucc ( Piccaj fcwcH w K li un under^rj^lli of 
cimETion hH^^tiiL 4 Hq u LHOti] rn uivcKsi:^ and 4irR>w]ctif £[i>ijftdscU EciiL'CKH ri jn^ u LiTisj. AdjLKenL LipLud skifh."^ jr: 
doETUiUcd b}' rruJ Lice sffiiiix: , s«tul]uii: Hr { A bic^ LKHKtiqxjJ^ jnd ^idcLenzd Lir^c^ flrc-HLtin^ "^c^ctu LikIi 
( E^ru iiccKJcri4i]isj. Tin: p.'^i LlmI l£ ^ tii ckvLitiQi] of 4550 ffti ( I St7 m) 

Key Ewv ird n m EHia l Fa c tp rs 

Gcv^f Ccvck f:4aHh^'> Llin^u^tLl he sUc Ljnd Ihe tu^^n fkxjr l^ LirgeLy WLicdiiggcd A wcIL de^'eLof>^ pcjt £lm1 nux^ 

lu>cr nmriajKS Llie siicu ry Lif 4.ond il K)[l^ 

FUiriT 

Grc^sCrKkFcn Pijn excellent ^sumplc of [imontun^ pcLibnd Tlic u ppcr pjn of [ li^ ^^ d kind su ppnrts j wn spmct 
hMcn wih hi^i^'tLiiL 4 liq u i^a u ni £LJVVKse^ L^nd jrR>^ Ic^i £ [x^und^el C fi^ziLX K^ I riLjri^u LiTisj doriim^ 
u ndcrgi^^h^l [i Tkrcc Njd [icni Rcgxi* '«:nMl]ve ptuil "^pcj. il's iiccu r on I he sUe Enoplinnj m v inJ icdrintl nin Carrx 
bvHlj tiMl VloIu iriifolEL 

IHEPL Va LUES 



Co Ftp mo H 

rtic "^ctLuid W4K 4i]kicticd to Mun jfcvKiil Aceu 1 2 lTi]^rEiimji:4is? ]■ Llie ] ^!^5 FldtliE:^ Foich PLoi INcit ^ho^ n l£i 

such on For:'! Ptin nuap buL all TijxjcEii] "» nn^cr^' jking pcrennual 'IrL'mns tire Lo be incLudoJ ■■ MA ]2.j 

L> LANDS 

AdjticcH Linds ajc^ LlliJi] MtiAJ^^ncri An.'u 15 ^4 lEnlvr btthe) L^nd }ij^<: been Lijscl> cui-ovcr 
Ihfo rmahdh Needs 



Manag ementNeeds 



Bbi£ntO c e ukrehc e Info Kn.kiiD h 



Psbd Z Z 



5 Hdden Lake Bobnical fecial Inteiest Area 

Ldcatmh 

tD^ n uf Wl] il tfL^ The tiiL'a Lies wjl [iLn 4 [ic Si ilL'^^cr K Lvcr d rjLnt]^^. 

RjCHHES 

Hiddci Uiii: But]iim1 ^im tnn^mpvhrsti ^nrsoFruf^chtiulLn^u^li^cimnf hv interu? ^ Ilku1 K.ii«riiig. Tlit "Jlc 
1^ u ndi: jIulr hj'a h iglily cjicajuiws JjndLyjx" ^ h icli is Jji^j dy irsJncLLXJ Li> [XJrt ujns of [ hc^jul fcL^m RhI lac: Rtun^cr 
DilTia Pk4. ipjiEy i[L£ c^Jin E^iitondc h^ts ciL'^y liH l^^Ll'qmvi: mjK dDfr:«is jk^n^ ^ rcian ctmiii^Ls, ili^fHubtc 
htibcJ for hrgL' piifvlid K^QS nf 4 hr«: Njd [ii^ni Kszgxi* "^'ksjLjvl' pJ^l s|-c4.il"^ smjLI >c]kiw Lxj y^ slipper 
C€ypn[K:d]in c^ixiLusJ. s{uiT^^w^ L'^ Lidy slipjvr ( C) pnfcdjin jxY-z-L'niinj. 4ind lonnd kvcd ofutiLS {On.l]£> 
Rl Liod lIoLujj. d hi:r wd LomI Fcli u r:s include Lwo pii*ds uhI LIutl' wl^i tusjKS. FnmiiiiL'ru wetland Hfh.'cirs urc l]og 
bi n.h C Bd LiLi 2 Itiod ■k^jft slander »zdgL' (Cjk:^ Losicx^drpu? umd bc4ikcd hj-iH^c (Ctiir^ n:^i;l£L? MoN "q^rucL' { PEca 
spp KoiGis iiccLir ^jjccnl Ln [ he sh nib jod liertucL'^^u'^h^dijnds.UpbELdssviTfHifl ui*ifLT lorL"4s "^ ill] m L he 
TA'C'i cni ie4kcd£uJ T h UJ13 plKntii £iJid Dti«gLfiF-rLrLPM:udasiJgi3iiKii/LcsiLjM:rKsoriiijbiliic<>fcs_TTCL"^ vmy ii 
si/e fnnn "^filinf 4o Lir^e d EiMKj er ^'dern toch ( Lim:^ (xcidenlalLS) Fiie-)jlLcd "t nt]^ jcl' SLLicLL'cr^M [iciivglioiit 
Lin: L'\L'd]ig lorcTl [^v idcKC nf ]Xic4 Htiod-KptkivvKiil I Irc^ E k'v^ k^os iif [ Lie SIA naigL' fn^m a Lc:n^ nf ^ZSOfKt 
ClOOOmJwlii^rcllic Ju mlxi LjL: crwl: Ikivl"5<Iic S I A_ <o li fci^lntf T"TO feci LI I2S nj aliJie LIil^ iH>illiL^ri SIA 
bouadmy 

KeT &JV IRQ N n EN~n L Fa CID RE 

TLic [L^l>)^ kipli} of lliddci Uiit £E^ W4K ^rcd Ly laflii^nccd by g IliteJ scounig tis kc miKffs wen: f u n hl'LcJ Lluuu^Lm 

ntinow fx^n ion of [ he Riic ky Mii«riaji Lick h ^V d Idods fiinncd la I hL' viilJi^y 4 [ii«gks ciu^ i^d h}' Lin: hlou nng. 

C jLciLiai- ckI] subH rai 1^^ 4.1^1 ritnl 1 4o I ht oveiialL sfKci»> rKhif% of Lilt ^[rij tiMl pruv idc mi ildhli: bjbildl for 

Llir^L' c:akK>pl]jk on. hid spE^ciOi 

RARnr 

GcntQil mcd of Fon liii: KangLT Dl^ TiiiT diiflly kncin^n kictiKmoi Kaxc[L4iJ NF forOichci nlnndifolu Cypf ip:d lu m 
p^iHSZTini] m t]ftd lof RCLir1> l^II Lc>:4d hiv> of C> prjfhxl luin c jknilLis G(x>d cmmfrks of low-el tvd ion foi« uod wet hod 
cimmu n iLjcs mc prL^^^ni wjl tun 4 hL' S I A 

Other Values 

BHiVi:r tid IV Ltv huslxL^n inpLidunl in LieJiTiEL^ sliLJfx tlit wc4 Ljood coEriEniii] iLks d rhtflic Scvnal old^ skrn b ccn'trrd 
bc4i>'cr dmns un: pfuszri ^ 4iDd Ixlijftd Llici^tri^csiiri: braked salgtjndskidtrifl.'d^ct^oinnLiRaji^^Thcsi: bcthios 
miglil have been fLiirty ^uLkjih (ob^^in ^^Klijad filled in r:lilLvcl> qnjc kly_ T here is one ik:I ive hciivvr dsun tl 
LliconLld of JiJintH> LilLe. h^ hiLh pRitubly cumedlLKZ Level of Lliis Lake ^umewkn. Scveul of Llie skaJJin^ poods Imvc 
bctLoms I hLl 4iie u>^'ered we Li 4 he 4ilgL3[: Cliacu s{i 

COH DmCiN 

Na uunagemenL ^kiT ivjl Ks are underway orpfeinned forlhesile A4.ce% e^ h rennons ^^eep dekse vegetti ion ^ ^u 
h u maa nsf IS k>w. T raires of leed caftjr>£[u:^ C PhaliiTLS 4mj nd inLKnii aie prcseoi in Homi: of [ he "^aLk^w naishdnd 
vy^ rne^vk>w cornmiiiE les buL 4 Lieie are fti> large ^aids ol I his Jivi^^ive gna»i forming n^ruxijJl ures Thist-CUE^ 
f russ has been [ nxced in [Lie I i eiLd lie 4K tHU Li a ulive jnd e^ctJL s^eclcs. Fopu iLic ions in NiHlli Anenm rna> Ic 
eimpLisal of lx:il] oai ive ^cftiH > [K!s aMl Eu ciipeai eik ivac> ( Menglcino aid Lesita ]^^'&) EL4:w hereby Lliis'^t, 
Lliere 4ire [ iLkies ol bn II Lliid Le LC iisinin > u Igare^ Cahida I hci le Ldisjin ar^'ensej , and n^osh si>w [ h N L 
C Sonehis nhgiELOsus^ whK.li 4.nTTenl ly don'l fxiH^aLhicJ Lo eoinnu n iL les 

L> LANDS 

CLicLJe gri7Jig cccnPi jdjLxent 4o noitliw^ licMHlai> of ste llMffieErtt iicce?n 4o wd Lnacfs wrthiri sjle keefd 
Ijveidcick L^l Ll^^ji^ has ccco Tied ui dofKS !□ Old kwm 

Ihh>rwa'bph Meeds 

McTnlorig of tbe leed caoajy^ RiHS [K^puL^I Lons Ey LliesJe ls oee^Led ed d deruiine w hd Lier ■ is spK'4id iig aid [ h un 
pzeesalhiHy Lo [ he alier weJ Lind eomnu riiL les Jl [ he siLt. 

Manag ementNeeds 



Bfn^NXOc CURREHCE lNH>l:nA11D N 



l^ctukigl.hndukx^k'LLin:^ uL hl u Ili^l ^h ru bLiMl 


G4'^ 


S4 


Sl1I 1 Y c L^nd kiLv'c jr: Y [xxJ rtLi liL 


g: 


s: 


l>i:'ii_ hLinpMLK L">pK<i*^L hi^rhtH-L^^u*! ^ L^rt^y Km 


G4 


SJ54 


Cj\rc\ Ll-h N-Lirpti fci: iti.Li^iJU^ ^ c^dLi kJJi 


G5 


S."^ 


C'jizc^ nvtJrjcLi hcrhiPLL'^m^ VE^^ci J ua 


G5 


S5 


Scirpu*! ixrt us liL'rtuccou"^ v^zgcttlion 


G5 


S."^ 


Hqu i^T u ni fli^ t:y lie hcrkx L^m^ ^ L'^Li^y ua 


G5 


S."^ 


T > pha lil LloLiti hLThiPLL^Jus VL^ctty loa 


G5 


S5 


CkVTU W^ Sl'JICl".! ^IU bltUKJ 


G4 


ST 


Mcl^'jj ■li^incim 


G4 


S] 


A[nciim.l]is Kx u nd ifol \\i 


G5 


s:sj 


Cvpn |>7d lu ni pihriill^nn 


G5 


Si 


C^ pn l^"^! hu n 1 piK-Zicnnum 


G4G5 


s: 



90 



6 La^ Creek Fen 



L-DCATBH 

L^uyCruck Ftn ckicdal mlhc Si iLl^vUcr R Lvcr vaJkv of nnn h'^ol MhaIodl^ jbhi^ui 13 m iJi>> nod hwc^ of 

RjCHHES 

TliLS slope pTnitiJid (xcu pies u vuLle> ulois Wch Forh Lht^' C reck TIil^ jftj wlti girjth" infliienc«i 1^'^LkijI 
"^tivni^ Lts I Lc ^ jIJc) ^ticurr ^v jncc^l 4ifid ret reLicJ Lliiou^ h 4 [lei hirRiw s^ctxiii of LIil' K^X-ky ^t(m^utlLn I rc[u.h. Tbc 
priEmin' wdlcr "4.^1^^ IS uxri likely f ruLiod W4itcr lowio^ froai 4 [ic nod hwc4 ^md d [uii]]ig ^cum Lhc sec tikin^ Wc4 
FotIl E-j/y Cnzck 4o I he M^Lii hc4i^1 Tli^jx^^LiulJ Ihissjic ls LcunpiiM^d of a I en i:^iiT^4iDd wet since ibm^ 
tili^n^i^ilh p^lt-lies iif ntifsl] vcgetdion Sknder "qixJ^^: ^ Caiui lL^KX'ai|Hh doniinLics Llie fci^ und raises fion be mg 
"^Lic^ied neur 4 he "^u rfLf e ymr- rDVftd d IheaonhcEid loldiTly well-d routed ^ Llie n^njl h cod Jie^ul tie 4.iuek 
Mt]iHli LiK[iefoLU Coauoruin puluH re^ dnd [uJe sedge (Ctire^ lividtu (x:c u r in [ he moi^cr sleuler sed^c cimaiu n il y^ 
"^ [iLle I he drier "Jender salge 4.orniniiEy s«|TfHHls KenLLU-ky bLucgrssi 4 Piu prjccKSL'^^ bLuc-ji^ri leed^r^tHS 
(Csitiinjg ro» i'> cjntiJeii'>ish Liod pt^ctics of Cuntulj 4 tiKle IClemu ai aiveKsc? Ttie d CKrcom mil J > liifid Wcm etioIIk 
cpifEdoiU Llie '>UTl£k:e overlyiag ti 1 2C!t[rH- [ h ick oi^liik. [lon/on 't«gge^]ig LliLic Jner cood Llxifts ht]ve uJkiwed 
dc4.orn]yi«>J Lon iif surf t£e ni^ til E layeis Gr^ h Llie pLinL emnpivtc irm and »:nl [iciillle SLi^e4 I liLl 4 he d rKr sleuler 
sedge j-cunmLinEy hiis swEched fiom a welter lo a d rier b ^'d [i>kigK. regiini: jLlowing pLiris kikrjri cd~dTier 
cuftdE inn:£ [o iav4ide Ttieretisii* lor [ h ls ukerx icm in h^'Jn^kiigK. re^ ime d ncJ kncin^n The stinb cjrr ai^j 
domiutes J liir^e [udioniif 4he pcdlljnd tiid it ls eunp::M:d of Ix^ bin. hHical^ed ned^e ( Ba ula ntinaVCaiei 
ut rieitiid^ L^nd h.^ birLli^tleftder "^^d^e C El1 u Ll ntiiii^jiei ltniLCK'4iT|^HorniniiE lch Tti^iu is £l}»:) jnjLdcr ^ A liis 
sp > 4.runnu riity akiflg tlic c recL. ^ hiLli 4. uls LI ehjnneL 4 [ircvgh [lie p.'ai kind ai "^njl lien end ol I he sec The^^et 
spnieefored ls (.ompiiM^d of a RpniceyfLekJ lioisaaiL L PEeaVEqiCri^j in L^PL'en'^.'j cunEnu n il y Tlie nmaJI jxxehes of 
m^Eth airmjde u p iif woler "^^e ^ Caiui Lii|i lijle^y hi^Ljked "^ge ^ Care\ ntTicuLJa^ aid awied sedf e (Care^ 
d [LerrdesKoinnLiaLl les SpLi^ n u m s[i aid ^Iilt niL^<-?tes T^nn deimc giou nd cover in 4 [le earr and spnce lore^.Tfar 
ad^kxnl upbnd fore4 cxmimn n il y tliLic su nou nd't 4 [le sil e dnd wliiL h 4.oyec> ui csker I hid cilendsintoche pcJtind 
Lsasubolpine I Ic^heLipJ Lily ( ^tnes lasux^drpiVE LinkuiiJ ■■ifk^rjUyp-" 

Key Env iflo n m EHia l Fa c tp rs 

I [le h>'d[i4Li^LC regjne has d nvei e he jidtrn of plunc commiiE les 4it LtX/y CmhFrB SeaHcmdl Ekodin^uncf 
yedr-kiEL^ "^E u rai ua ]■ [ he rux ;x)ne hah led 4o p.'^y ate uniu iLic ion. Slig hLly bclcer d mined cxmimnnjl lcs^ Like Llie 
spnieeyriekJ lior^ajl. su pfxjd I rees Ixlliisc of lx44er iM^rUrui in 4 tie cixH /ooe 

FUiriT 

La7> Creek Fen sippofts a nnmbcr of nir: jdjnL s[>x les. STirne of wile h jre eliiiRiaeri^ Lc of jwaf^ 
aiL'cre^ed shEJd lem l DryiifHens (.tl^Jj^ p^iJe sedge LCjre^ iLvidtij , gieen- keeled cxxLcuigiaHS ( Erxifhinini 
vind m^inna u m) aid fxx^r "^^e ^ Care;^ ]%iLi[EKiti) Ttie Ilei 4 wi> "q^oeies aie [ypic^ nf pcor feos Ji Montana 
(ChaddeelaJ l^*^t Liod cre^edstiEkJ femiifleniiceiiHon himaicicks in sh nh Ciin^ cn~ ^"a Hffijee fevers 
Spnned ^enl Ein oflen U.C Lic> jn ecuonoi^ and »jrne nf I [le [nul nitnd cccineH.es Lire fou nd i a early succession al 
Kc4[ ing'f Li kc fbre^ ciud*^ 

Qthek Values 

T [lls pea iLiod jMovidcs Home inijx^riLiri ^'clLaftd rLiru.1 uos Lind sctf ices. IL e^ si£ ULied akjo^ Wcfd R^rk E-a/y C reek^ 

tifcddunog peak HtJ^^'soflliccieek Llie ^^rt iLiod I ernjmnaf ily ^iwes sn jiace wJertind LicLenuai es fCLik flows. T h u* 

"^^ er giadViilly d [uins I inm Llie sJe and aiairuLiins 4 reanlkiw iLiccnnlliesLininier The peti Ltikd pn^bahJy abu 

I iKLKifts Lo relLiin pjn icuLles lihI rrnxKc 4ind s::qne^er imjx^ed eLcncrisLind conifx^u nds sucli as phc:«phonis aod 

niLrc^cinmifx^unds GecL^u*^ I he ipLinds adjjcent to [ he :£ie have iKcn harvcied J Liesc tider f und lods conld 

increahc be^'ond 4 Lie nai u nL lao^c of vnfutini 

Co Ftp ma H 

Thcic air piobohly nocnneni iLiod us::s "Mill ii [ h is pcdlLind iH Lierl han [mru ing. Cdntida [ h i4 k Kcolucky bllJe£^J^^ 
Liftd redkip ( ^grcMis liikmireiai hii^ e I rH.e c(^veri4^es in 4 [iLS pi:^ bnd Ef 4 Lie 4.irrenl d ricr Londd loos la I he 
CaFex t£sx>u^rpa neEdow d Lhesouihcin end of Llic sde LunLiaue^ Lhe E^enLiJck> blieg raHS Lliere nay sprei^ 

L> LANDS 

TLie u pkinds svrnmnd Lng 4 Lie SLie hL^e been exIeosiveLy knifed LnlLie boHscveciJ ycLiCs dnd 4 Lieie ls cii*l Ln ULng 
Limber liLiCL-e^ inllie^cieraJ vicLnily. AL L_a/> Creek Fen Llie uplands have h:ei Lc^jcd Licx^id ^!^ of I he sec L 

91 



olscrvHf 5e mamsdr MunugnntnL Zirn: ISMZj ftiggjig txjj^ki^ri to tlir wc4 laod^ bcn^'cvcr in imt in^ jelci: I hi: pfekrcncnt 
of tilt fl^i^inf WLsnglil d I hEMzdgc nf I hL' wflLind tud Hnj"! pruv uHcd nobvfTcr The "^L^ELd*^ ^ l^cl' 4 [;ic1or-yLArdL'd 
t]ftd inlhcshon iLTnictic^kidcRiilscouLd hcMiviuchol jfttr^Lf^ "^irnL^ruMo I ht wetland Ttici? Lin: kiggiag 
ruud}! in I [ic (^Ljcctiaicii ^ bui Miltul^kKii luLhc^'dtuid. 

Ihfo rmatwh Meeds 

I kHiHiK Ml Ives's of I hD sec ht]vc lxL'aft]irl> e^^icksivc ulllioiigh [o ny kncn^ Icd^c nos«nL'> ofltic br^tiffc^lc ftirj 
htis bcm crmdniiTcd Thtrc ls diced forhydruk:^ic4wly of IkL'sUEMobnlccrLindcnlL^ELd ^vUer ^uurcch Fur tlic 
"f il c 4ii]d 4u undi^rHUftd Lli? cLiimc iif [ he d r^'in^ of 4 [ic kin^crsleftdLTHJ-'d^c mL'^L^i^l^hicti could he 4^: simple Eh a 
bloi^n cm\ b^iivcrdunj ^Hudyuf [he bod use hudun'ofcliCkdc h^'uvkllielicLplLiLLis wclJ. 

Ma ha g em ehtHeeps 

SNfZ bu ITec> HLMd [o he iifaHCTVcd rorfriure4Lriib.Th£ir¥«.tiHl tlieCdntxJ^chudk: [upu LJ ion sknkj hMTXiaiorcd ut 
rc^u br liil cpf^iIs Lo eimvrcl bit U L^ftiH '>pii:jd ing ca^ rjpid ly. A HmLnis weed ai^uu^emcri pLin veiv Ix needed For 

LllCMle- 

BfH entO c e urrehc e Info khadd ■ 



P H.L\L sri'LXj u t4_T u m .in i: nse fwB* 


Gi 


SJ 


l^et u ki s l.hnd u kx^k'LLiiu^ uL jicliLJu sh nib^Hl 


G4'' 


S4 


CL^re^ 4iq uti i lis hcrk'PLeous vcj^dd n* 


G5 


SI 


Cjrex LtsKXLinxj hertuceoiui ve^d km 


G5 


S5 


CofTX iDtfrxEL heituceoE vei^ddn* 


G5 


S5 


CoiEX atkendcs beftac«}a& vcm^Hn 


G5 


S5 


Belula Rbnd uki^iiaex loiiecama Elinbtud 


G4 


S4 



92 



7 toi Creek Fere 

Ldcatmh 

Lut € rrck Fen "i air ] celled inltic nodhi^m SWiXn ViilJty iif [u^n hwL^^L'n Mont^n^ Tlit fcKS ucl' wjl [nn 4 [ic Spnn^ 

Cictk drjinugi: whjcl] niVA"> luI n S^vi]n LtiliL' L^VDnilD^IJ kaiU^chc nortb. 

RjCHHES 

Lo^ C reck Feii'> Eire Inc^icd in 4 [n: montuoc ^cw? inj gljcLiJIy romicJ viiIIl'> Thi: f^a Iilsi ctikticH^u'^ [^urri 
rni^cnjl. T he \jlc Loi]l4iii]'> ["^x^ JiH I na Ly JiffcfL'nL 4 > [^'> L^l Jcks HCfuni^J by d pLicti of n^i'l LL^jfL'[iiv> lorL"4. 
Tfcc nortlicm L^a Lcfcva ion TLfifiJfcct fifJ mlJ l^ Lciiicd ut [ he Lnc of j slofc_ An ipwclJin^ -qmns suppLiCTi ^lEcr 
to 4i 4 [iLC'k LiPLC u niu]LiiK>ii of prJ whiLh ^cri Ly sl:)p[:'> Lo 4 he "Qi^uLl]. W^ i:r dIlJl[l^ f ruETi 4 [le fen ielIo I he £ prin^ € reek 
dRiiiL^^: The fen ve^d JlKi* l'> d lITiluJI li>ct£u>jfy bnl mi^jor '>]>x]es Lnclude Ix^ tniuti LBelu I j gLindi] Irau^ 
sleodersedge LCjre^ Ltuiictiqxjj^ dnd IE le^ichiins lennisj. Tomenl livpnnin n il en't b 4inj|iif nic:^-^ T here dre I'^o 
Lid^eri we4 '>pTueefom crirniniiil lck sffiice^iil: cahlxj^e ^ Piccii^L^ictiaoi] ain[:Tie4ii]i]in h 4iDd ^ 
recdji rj* f PLCciitalaiEigKKiis cmiadcmcij TlieHtwIlicm feaLefcvaion BUXJfeel |^-15 m]) l^ tojnfKJScd of LwtJ 
shtilk:n^ jx:4 hiik'> Tilled wjlh fx^ uhI ulLuviuin Tlie ^iieiUble flna ulIcs ^"41:4.^ jLly dcu^'dowa in [ he fall liLslenii 
p^dl d<:coai]x:Kd Lon and min 1 rnj7£s poai ticeinu iLic ion. Tlmri: [u hole^ jr: doEninLiced by j ^Leuler nedf e (Cure^ 
lL£iLCK'4iT^h 4.0Kinu iiy la ^ h icti "Jender ^^ge 4ind B u^ boivb sedge ICtirrx bviluu rn]ij are donii[L4inL F^e si^dge (Cl^r::^ 
|]viJj) is kuriy cimnion A sff uee;Jleld hiifselLJLl eomniiaLlv cccufiLcs a geoi Iv ^Loping aioN d n^ 4o I he mi«I [i. aMl 
abc^ hire h/'hoalLed He^l^etBLTuLi^kindukit^n^jre^ ■! CEnLit jj ccwietiu n il y c:cc u r^ ^^ liere 4 Iils Jrjw eri{:i\ 4 [u: I en. A 
yen' wet rmugJKjl /oneisliicd wih hcg bir^li , shru bby c inqneRiiL 4 PiUenl lLI j f nu ico^^> and hncti [ion ( R htinn u^ 
alaiFnlLa}. Between [ he Lwo pm [lokh L'> a Ix:^ tnc^ h^isu.1:'^ sed^e ( Bel u Li ^ bnd u tcim-'CLire^ 4. u'^h. ku h ^.ornmu iiy 
T [Le^ 4.0KinLiaLty El ver>- d iverse. ][ [L4IS an oveMiny 4kmtnt1ed b> h.^ btiLli wilh bucll [u^n aul ^tij bb> ctnquefo]l 
eoffiETion 4i^ricL:ieh. Tlie ■ftderHor> j'>dornjftJled h}' Cu'^m. k\ ^edge "^itli he jked »zJge 4 Caiei utncLiLiidJ aod 
BiJx]uLi[n\ ^^ge cornmi^i L^HX-iJle^ Ttie kid) layer is q u il e diveiv. we h CanLiHti bu nehherry (Coruu^ e^iiaHeKSCi)^ 
d'^'aif R:d bkickb.'rryCKubuiipnlx'^ensJ^and^Ljr-tlo^eied SukiEnon seal 4 SntLK]KJ ^elLJa? coaunu* 

Key Emv ird n m EHia l Fa c tp rs 

T [l^ ai*4 inuous flin^ of wji er I [im I he ipA'etljig "^prin^ Lind 4 tie e jtcmcuvs paieoi nJenal jrr cwu dnving Lidoc> 

iiHndnnngche pi jni ^.ornmiiJl tcs Lie 4 [Lese fcKS. 

PARny 

Lo^ C reek Fen "> feu u r: aricomnoa jKiTtind [^ pes jod roEnmnn J tes and a eunceni r^d Kun of scn4 ive or ^jkcuI eonrem 

pljni Hfccies inctud ing £Lari lietlebhi^rjie ^ Hpjpjcl e^ gi^^ei^j , yel low tidy's "JifiperJ Cypfiped mm cdlceolisj 

spanrin^ ^ e^f tidv's "JifiperlCyprped in m puHsennum) ponr a:d£e ^Caiei puifineilj^pQk s»lge ICjrex tivjdjj^ 

|j>esers tway hide 4 Lijucb kies.'tij> Lind g reen-keekd aHlon^ ras LEnofikmj m v tnd tcann Lie u m ? T tie site LiLvt 

"^u pfx^n*^ J snialt h«l piLliie OLenrrekLe id" I be rare s^inLc^knnk fsUiBge comninn ity 

Qthek Values 

Area prov ul^^s w tidlife hdbil^ Euf Lirge u n^ u lijcs t wbue-Jjiled deer, elk) un^L gnzzJy aMl blazk bCd^i 

CPMnriBH 

TkfE Bfc pml:ai}|> not-iiTT^nt iL^ndusesU thb jLoaltiAd ci her [ han linntaig Nue\4JLC plani^ were obcreTV'ed d u rin^ 
the.'Je VEiit. 

L> LANDS 

Ttie fen d Ji tin urea tliLi hjs [Li'4onc^l> l^een nitiKJgecf for tjnixr |m:d ua ion U:^f inland ftif« irmLJ-hvitJin^ in 
tlie diaiftiige eunld conceivably aJlerl [le tiy'dtiiti^y of IhesUeand liL^ve dd rjneri4i] cf leas im tlie fen and Swdn 
RjverOxIxin^ PrefEen'e downd roim If svilahk bnffcis are e^abtislied aciivftd tlie sjle ftif sucli act jv j lcs [ hei 
tl] reLl^ [o 4 [le V lahilLty of [ he "^e wii«kJ h:niintrnat 

Ihfo rmatwh Heeds 

Fkmrftc inventor> of < lie fCLiland hLr: hcei thoiou j h However, the hj-drokigy oF I he ste needs rtndy <o better 
nndeiddind I lie ^KinEcc oi wiler for the sprji^ 

Ma has emehtHeeps 

Uni 1 1 [ here is a b.'tter u nd^iHland ing of tlie sile's 1]^ n^tci^y il Lspciitubly wtsed IuLihie nam^ement aLtuis ii 

the diainjge lo Hinse likely to have Kitn I nul effenis ii* tlie ]>:ai Luid. 

93 



BfHENXOc CURREHCE lNH>l:nA11D N 



■ r k ■_^l --ix'lxi u ■-_ urn .in i: nsL" Tm^ 


G4 


53 


1 I'LL^LMV'K'^LlllllWLIIhTlLLLEIEHom 


G2 


S2 


P h-LM \p:^ .ikiiiiLLU rK« w -.in .kloiiMS fnrcs 


GJ 


S3 


l^ctuki^l.hndukx^k'LLLiu^ uL jil u ki^L ^h niblaAd 


G4'^ 


S4 


CL^fL'x tiUiXLirnu hL'rtuccuiL'i vxz^da ids 


G5 


£5 


Coirx inf rxti hcitucroE v^ddian 


G5 


S5 


Bdula Rbnd u Id^c^oci cisicIJl skmblund 


G^ 


S3 


Psbd 


Z 


Z 


Vntimifoliu 


G5 


£3 


Vntimifbliu 


G5 


£3 


CoiEXli^ldEL 


G5 


£3 


Coirx pau [h^iru ti 


G5 


£3 


C! V m [Kd i ■ n |Br> tfla nn 


G5 


£3 


C V pn [Kd i ■ niBTh hflofin 


G5 


£3 


Cvi^iimliKn lunrniian 


G4G5 


£2 


CvpniEdiin m^riiin 


C4G5 


£2 


EpfisctGfiir-aiIca 


G4 


£2 


Lipofc IdqcIii 


G5 


£1 



94 



8 Molly Lake 



Ldcatmh 

Molly UilLf is kictlcd inltic SliLI^UcrVjLli:> nf koflliweicn] M^^Qitihi in [he Rnck CfL^ck d tjiul^c 

RjCHHES 

TtE Mtt nccni^ o* Lwo fLi , gLicuJcd Ixnchcs on 4 [ic k:n^erslLip»> of 3 ryki^r K kJ^c inltic Riick> N^l^ujiI lUi TfL^nch 
A HCCKS of bc4i^'LT fx^nd^ h j>? lonkzdon p-'fL^n n uL dnd irucnniceai crcL't^. fiif ming |>)nds ^ind lLhmx iLicd ^x.1LihK 
T [lc "^"^ i:r LJfifE jc> Lo d rjin fionicLiiLli b^H. h 4o b^ h LIil' ^"c?! 4ifid cl£i T hccimniuiiJl h:'> LliLic ixcir ^y LIil' '>jlc an: lul 
UD usual cedar :n^iiMi[i for» ^ szdgi: mKKJow^ fca^ noLi]ig m\K lake , Liq u J lc bcd^ dnd stinih eomnu ailJL"^ A wc^tcn 
rrd ccdarVknnk (.abb^i: 4T h uja p]K.Lla^L>'eK:l]]| u n jrnL'riLanu ai) rorL"4 makLS up I hL' ccd£u~ '>waaip T^Kfl TliLiiroicd 
ciccur^m] k:n^ . h u m rmic ky grou nd 4ind Eidnma^LiH b> iinn^y in: ^^^crn red ^.LzJjr. we h ^LicLL'cr^UilJerspnjce ( Pice^ 
"fpland [H]XT biKh ( Bc4 Lila pup^'nfera) aul ?:unt Lo^e (24-1- ieu.1] d blij "^na^^ TIll' Li[Lder4oT> isdominaicd b}' skunk 
cdbbtjgL', "^ iLl] a d Lvcrsc jnuy iif fnrtK 4ind fL'rv> ]■ [lit liertuccou't layer SLie^rntun k dlder ( ^Jiv> ]Kaftii? and alder 
leaved bncti horu L Rliamnns aJiifL^Ei? stinjh u>innu ailjes OLC u r aiound 4 [le fh^wio^ ^vUer iif [ he creek'K NfiilLy Lake hLis 
a Fldui lEif-kaved £ii|«JliL 4.orniniiEy 4kmLnt1ed b> '>ir^l bu r-reed C Sfor^aiiiiEn nin iminj^ pond^'eed ( PtxaMio^dii* sp.J 
aftd "^"^ er JiLy I Nuphar s{i ) A "^Uer bim:taiL (Eq u Utetn ni Hliv uJ ilej cimaiu n ily (x:cu rs rm [ he margios of 4 ke ofcn 
"^"ai er. and oa "Ji^kc ly ki^ her ^lonnd [ here are naiyliy hi^aked sedge {C4iie\ uL rieitiid? com mnnjl les. A riioiiEL^nut 
lenixcuc>m[hc u ppcr h^ etLind 4 E-[:c Lfl MVIV4 SW ] ^4j. T}iJ'> len hi4is 4kinmL:ccJ by jn ■■iJenl ifijhle sed^e (ca^ tie 
in 4 ke ^'js.^ [o idem jfy ^ iH kerspec Lcs inc Ludcd b.'^iked neil^c. ^recn keele^l ^.LikiflgrHh 4 Erv^pkonn 
vind icannidc u m) dagger leaved rusk ( lLi[Len'> e■^lf^]lu^)^ C usick^ sedge ^Care^ cnsK ka h pcorscdf e LCarex 
poiper^nLiJ. fowl [naanagi^iHS LG L>Y.en^L "4 Jitia> Je^ify jkI er L A^lt fali^Lcish American hfcx^khne (VeciiflEa 
aMKTicanaJ^ 4ind dwarf bcumhJe 4 K ilns pu k'SLens) The sUe aL^^ bjs a sedge neiidow domioai ed b}' sleoder szdge LCarex 
Il£iLck'4IT^> 4.oniniiEy Tkesum^id]ig u pland^ die a wed em ird eedae^lx^iJ Lily (Thi|ii pLicai^i^lLnLoniJ ■■inoful 
liweH 

KEr Env ifld n n EN~n l Fa cid fls 



Rarfty 

Se>x:rjL lare pi tin I "> c:c4. u r Lie NialLy Luke BoeUer fein IL^iyoftcFC rrciEia) nceari on hinEncxks in [ he cedar s^amp 
\i-\¥\^ Sknder-sljiked nxhjiwiHlcBur>'el]]in]X'[LdLi[u.ijkvtun)CKM.niMalhenaiin:cedarlore^ nearLlieiiikc 
G reei-kceJed 4.cilii*gr£7i jnd pouf s»lge occir in 4 ke fen The ^ed eru led cedae^u akeabbtjge fom isaiaie 
cfMiEnunily lu MoHaiia. 

Other Va LUES 



NQcnTEH bnd u'^'s were e> idem 4i [ he Une of Llie "Je vlsjI Cahida Lliid k: lCj^jiki acL ense h and redLop 

C ^ni^is 4olaaLreia> lih;:^ k ciccir la I he 4i]der conETin n il y d I he sue. and CaKjda I hi^ le forvK sune large pLlckes 

inike LiELderlDiy of I ku£ CDrnnuaLty 

l.> LANDS 

T Lmb-T han'e^ jnd reuH tniklin^ kj^'enccnned inlke Liplaftds near! ke ^ite 

Ihfo rmatwh Heeds 

Tke Lipfcr wetljnd 4it [ he sire leeds lo Ix VLSiled d u no^ the giDwiis scKDn ^v Lhe doninail . LiauHeii Lfied sedge ia 
Llie fei etmmu n Lty caa h: detemined 

Mahag emehtHeeps 

Ari> fuiij re [ ikiItlt liacL-e^ ^djjcenl tnlhesileieeds^ut rn]iinu [n, to kai e » reaaiside nunti^emenL buffers in ptice 



95 



BfHlNXOc EURHEHCE lNH>l:nA11D N 



ALn u^ inLLin^L ^h lu bkiAil 


G5 


S."^ 


C\irC^ Ll^HlLLirfXI hLNtl.L^L^U^ ^ C^dLC KM] 


G5 


S."^ 


ClirL'K HKJriLi hcrhtt L^ju*. ^ L'^M.i Km 


G5 


S3 


Lqui^Tum tJi^LUilc hork'PLL^m^ ^ L'^Li^y ua 


G5 


S."^ 


TAi^ plicda/1]iS^[LLti] m tiMKTiC4iDU m knu^ 


G-IQ 


s: 


CBEm paup^ETuki 


G5 


Si 


Dn'ijp L^ns 4. n-lLcti 


G5 


s: 


BniiychiLini pcd u ncu kn^u m 


G2'^ 


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96 



9 PlLniCi€ekl=en 

Ldcatmh 

PJinCrcizk Fen iskictlcd inltic fixH [llI L'> of Llii: N^HiIoh MciLiQituoM^ [ he "^"c^ '>jdL' of [ he Sw jn VuLk> of 

[LOil [ihi L"^ L'm N^onldnt] Thi^sUt isS nilc^llJ knj "^loiLl] of Lin: houI h ckJ cd~Sw4in Ldkc. 

RjCHHES 

Plin Creek Fi:n is "J ULii fd o* t] ^eru1v ^lopi ng bK^iiL [i nc-jr 4 [u: bohL'llis: Mishtim ^V^tiIji ns EIl'viI lon*^ r^n^c fiDin 
JjSOfcd (lOWmlJlche u pfxr cdgL^ iiH [i^: ftylJ.ind Lo 11^X3 fed U C:f>6 m J b^kj^.^ I fcL^ ftLi kind ^hcr^drjinii^L^ wa-^r 
cvKi^cs in »zvi:rLJ lurgi: ck^r bliiL' jxiols. 4. j LO ind L^rs LiP^^n^z^ ood 2 indL'c> d^L^p. T he "^le L^nmri^iLiH by a 
n u aib-T of "^^eps on 4 hL' u [tslopc^HlL' iif 4 [le ren The pcjiljnd fe^l ures j-ornniiiE les JL^jniriLii cd by ]x:g bir^liCBditi 
S Itiod u kMiii and *iLe»dLT M-^l^e (Ctireit liKHXtiquJ NiKahlL" jre [ he preseneL" iif fjv l" NiK licm Rcgxn "^"[miljvc ptinL 
"fpccjL"^ [Kxjr "^gt (care;^ ]X3Li[)eieiti? kn on. h id 4 LJpLln^ kx^^Lni, veLlcn^ bdvVslififErlCyirnp.'^liiiin 
edIecoJis}, giiioL ticlklxiriiL' LHpipuLl is ^ ig jnLc^^ a^d f i\i:a-kD:kd ctil4ori£ [u^^ C Eni^oruETi v l^ 
Grcd sunder L Dre^icra anglK jj^ jn Lioeoinvw* c^ruLvoruus pbnL a^d >^ird Heri j^l' Pr^rjEn spi^eics c^iip^ 
eoHeni jL^uiccue^ 

KEr Env ifld n n EN~n l Fa cid fls 



FUiriT 

PlinCrrekFtn fcai im ■i]D:)rniTX>ii prillLjnd cornmiii le^i domin^y cd hy hc^ tnc^ h {Bdii] j gtuidnkKO jnd sknder ^nt^c 
(CtifCit JjskTcaijxjj- NiH lible lin: < Ik: p[rs:rw.L" ijf five Nrt fctm K l^^ kjh si:»si ive pJjnL spec ics p:x^r **_\lge ^ cajci 
puiptrcnLiJ^ fen iifehKJ L Lipuns IckwIli) yclLo^ laHy 's-'t IjpfiLT LCypn fxd lu m (: jLeeolns? ^uni hellelx^rinc 
( EpifEbn u*^ gi^tiricL^J. jnd green- keeled ccxLcngi;i»i LHruptu^nin vjTidjLtinuliiini. G reij s«ftde^ 4 DciVteia aiglical^ aa 
u ncunaion j-anuvufuiui [iLaii L^od XJuqiI Henl^^c Fiof ram spz4. les uf spi^cmL ^.onceni^ alhQ uo^nni 

Other Values 



Nii e'U'c ics ji pCdiLuid. Sonc c\4J Lcs (C iismin an'eo^ , Vertui^'Lin 4 h^^iLS? u* aJpccii cui-over ipLuidii. 

L> LANDS 

L^ind^i non k Ljod HtivlkoflkefELicljnd Iil^vc been pjnuLly (^nLovcr. 
Ihfq rmahdh Needs 



SLeve Shelly aod 3cve € kadde cond uclcd ai invcoior^' of vle? iLiJ ptuils ljkJ ^nipled pLinL 4.oinnu aiLje^ iif [ he "^1 e 
on Jil> 14, ] 9^2. N^nH> ekjiaLLen/^ k^ ls lecdcd. 

Manag ementNeeds 



BfHENXOc CURREHCE lNH>l:nA11D N 



PeiitLiid 


Z 


Z 




D[i>teia £Li]glK J 


G5 


s: 




Cjre^ pjupcrcuki 


G5 


Si 




H™^ptiinini^kLLile 


G5 


s: 




Opri|^\huiii pihriLll^nn 


G5 


Si 




tpLpucLis s iguniej 


G4 


s: 




LLpuns IhckIli 


G5 


SI 





?7 



10 Pon:i4Hne C mek C omplex 



T tiL"^ ft dljnd 4.ornp]c3: & bcl^'ccii 6 liod 7 iiiIl"^ sjui h iiH lie [cn^ a of S^^'aji UiIl" U cct^uis hcl^'CL^n WiKdajJ Crcct Jid 
tbc lickf ^Uei^ of a [ nbuLtiR' of PofcufiLnc Cici:k 

RjCHHES 

T tii"^ wLl" IS ti nmipk't of ^^ lt bnd*i I kii <x:c u r ti rfccfinrt of I fcL" Mpkioji Mounctiins k tsnmifrwnj of lirtfc 
dL'|TfL''ShLontil L^nd stipi: wdJjnd'^ Tli? fonuriicc'ir in gLKiiilL) ^l^u i^ dcpfL'^K^s we h 4. r^L't^ fli^ ing LnLomiduui 
of them tiod wJcr flow Ci mfcdcd by acLjvchci]i'crda[re>_Thc wjcHliLJi HIJsLlicscdcpffL'SiKMisajmi-^fruni 
prL'CLpildlKi*. sfni»> tiKJ HJ.'cpsJnd gnmnd^ilcr Tticrc tin: 4 ftti rKh fL^n'^^y LIil'sjIc: Lic^ wtl I us n u rnL'[iiv> ]x^^ lt 
fx^nds "^"^^^z aicjdi^y li Ijf^l' wd spntc lorL"4 ficxiciiig niti.lxif hjrcti cair. £iiid ^iquLic ic pljnL comnuriLl il"^ 
PoiripiEic pL^nloncol I hi: I ^"0 kns? d an iivlHtiHlia^ i:;uiin[iLc ol tiflcin^ Ihnnjgli fL^n Tticrc tin: sfvcr^L spnigs aod 
"QZi^pKchd L'[nci°i: ]■ Lin: fci^ wliK h dfcd hy aiini^rjLnLh wjIlt TIil' fca nmiainii iI y isdirTEii]! lot^bshify u^ing 
Haimcn daJ U^^^bui d dominoed b}' ti d'^^irf ]y^ bir^li^Bditi^LindukiisjIt^LunnuaLly ^ h icti is cimfxifEd of ]y^ 
biKh^ a divcne tinijy of lochs Lind gnunLnoid'^ Lind lj licavy ^ rivhI I j><:r iif b[i>wii aicit-^^.'s A 'q)TULL'A>kuii)j:^itTtu2c 
( Picc J HP /Ly£}c h il on ain[:nc^miJin> and sprHc/crd-cj^Lcr do^ftixiJ ( Picc^i^iHiiiis w cicLirinL^nd jrivhI 

LlicdiflLis: fluw oF I hL' iru^nnELL'ru LTL^ctMbdl ftiw in and oui iif [ he fi^n AnahcrsmjLkrrich fen cxcu c> non h 
of Lin: tcavcr pond < hJ dj^jnsjrto WfiiLctLiil Cn-^k Wucri^niL^r^Lns Jl[hcLix^L(j|Xijf IfcL^Mi^z^jijnsll^wslfcrnjgli 
Llic spnjci:A>kni)j::itTtu^c Lind h.^ bi Rli^^kndLT ^\1^l' U^H iti ^L:iftdik:i»L^tir:\ J JSKXtiqx^j ainrii u n iLjl's bi:fon: 
druiiiig Fcim I hi: ka li> b<l h 4 [ic nontuod Htivlti WLCL'rchtl flo^vit ^uui [i jxt-zq.'s I hnnjgli sLchIlt hj.'iI^i: tiul inflLiCird 
■^gL' {C4iK\ vcsKdr^h ^.omKiiiE ics. ft'tiKh fiinn ti llci^lLn^ nai Lirnjndltic norttiL^nd l^ j sh^dk^w^ C harj 
"^p-b^km^ bcjv'cr [K^Eid A'4r:4untunkjldtr(AliLisjftLt]ftii)co[nrninjl> ixx-iiy in I Ll' WL'IJ-L^itlcd »:)i Ls bckiw Lliis 
bcjvcrfKJod Twocticr wdtindstxiunnche PiHunpLncCirctCornplcj; btc h jr: dcpicHswjn-i bttljxj bj" one or rmwc 
I:c4i¥cr [uod^ Ttic ^m jLkr of I ht 4 ftti htis ti Lir^t laftii i^H si^dgi: coEnmnn J > snnouEid in^ 4 [ic hi: jvcr [uod . as wdl Ld a 
Km jLltr^ wiHI lt hc-jL.'d ncd^^z ( Cafi:\ nl ncu ltit]> (^omnLiauy wliicli Lnccrgrijcs we h d ^tiul of CistLk's ncd^c C Carci 
ciskIjiJ On [ h? "f Ijgh Ly hcti lt diaiiL^d HnLs ^u rronndjig LliL' sliH^c mL'i^vA' L^dn l^^:! i:n'^i^ l' Hff uci:M:iik cdbbtj^c 
rLifL"^ jod h^ky^ \k{^bc\i'rcr&2m LSJsti[ubrKldcbiirLk:li:nzL'd b}' Dnjmnowl^ wdkiwVlxjkal'4zJgL'4^i\ 
d nnriK^nd una^an:;^ nl ncLiLjJt]} 4ind crd-cihicr diigwrxid umEnu n il jcs. T he larger ^"s laod liLd 4 bc4i^'cr [uod^ alL 
sumjnndcd by a vciy wcL sLcadcr hliHsc ciwiain n il y, pjii"^ iif wfciLli aju on j vi:i> nn^ jhk" flcxic ing rruic Tlicic tuc 
^C4ii4cKJ dcjd jnd dyi[i£ Hff urc , l]og birLli.jEid BL'bbs wiLlo^lSaJi;^b:bbuaAj)pijnLs'«:4ii4cKJafDnnd[hc mjiigiis^ 
tisifltic wjttrltvcl had i^cHLy nscn Ttic u plaad^ snnouEid in^ 4 [ic ^itt art nii^lv wcfftra r^ cedar /licmt lily 
(Thi^ [iLii::y4i^lLnLoniii ■■ifk^ra) lon^d. 

rticdnvinf fKJofs whEl] ^njc4 Lici: 4 tiL' pLm commnnil ks t1 1 hbi ntc ar: I hL' hydiokigy IhL'nincrjl nch wdcr, 
aftd bc4iycr aa IV J > Tht ["^"o fcKS dc[)i:nd oa I hL' con^ani su ppL> iif nincmL nc h WLXcr frcmi "^L^pn and spnof^ Lo 
maLnLaLn I hi:ir4.1]acip:1cji'd k. [\\12M coaimnnjl lcs and p.'^y LU.CLinu iLic ion A i:?!^ li L4ory of b^-j^'i:r acLJVEy hLK 
pRibubly Ixi:n4[ic bi^^cH ftidof inlhL'CR^iK>nofLl]L'L'^[?Ksiyc'«d£c Enokfcin^'Sdlchc'^c. C^'clKtiiflondiigakd 
d r^' I [i£ caused b}' pR^SL'ncL'jnd jbu:nci:4jf tEav'crdiJk>wi:<lforLl]i:colDn]ZJJLon4jf chc rni:ado^v^b> vanaus 'u:d2cs. 

Ttic fkI] ftn'fand wfL ^prvLi: fon^4 d I hi: se? vnpp^n d ■inter uf oir? [\h^M^ FaL? ^^c ^€ajc\ livKJaMnd 
LtxHcl's L^iiyhtidL" L Lijx3n*i kwNcLiJ ? jr: pn^fl:ni inlx^fc lens and P<^r u pine Fen £lJw^ IhkIs iKX-nircnccs ol veLlow 
IlkJ > y sli ppcr C C > [inpediin jxjn'iniinjini, f r:l1 sunder 4 Dnnserj aigluTd)^ and ^L^LJil lieLleb^nns: ^ Epif^KC ls 
^iganicj) E\ce[i for gicol su ndcw aLI of LliOre arc sp.'cjes [ htl I ypteaLly (xcur Ln calcdR^ons I ens Ln Nii^niaui 
(ChaildeeLal L^^ i. Tliere d aLs.^ jn (X-cu rrcru-e of B lU-Uer fcin IDr>'0[icns cndJaM ^14! i*^ fi^id on ImmnKks 
inllic Lirge Hff uccMiiik cahhj^c fiirc^ su riou nd ing ooc of Llie b:aver jx^ds. Tlie spmceAtkiikcaMu^e Jore^ iLscIf 
L5 a urc 4.oinnu ally in \^i*4ana. LiiREcd Lo pLcrJy d rajied mhLs Ln 4 [ic nod kwe^ eRi jxjd of I he »dc. Tlic I ^vd 
ccc u Rences iif [ h Ls comnu nily £y Lliis^Jleaic \xi\\ ineiu^ellenLcondJion 

QtheplWliis 

Sjxillcd fiogs weic ncxcd Ji [ he Ix^aver fx^nd*^ td ^"cre ■■men^us ■■giLl e 4 cucks ii [ he lens Tliis ami '^'cn:[S like 

c\4.clLcri liabilLl forj vjTia> of wiklLifc^ die lo Llie l]j^hl> pn:d ud lvc "^ettind habUs. 

Tlieic tire piol:(ibl> no laulisi^s Ix^tJes h u nLJig Lnllie weLiinds J Lliis sjle. Tlie floia of Llie sec ls relLic iveLy 



iitKt CsiudE] I hci It rCjiHJinurL-i:n»:j aftd bitttr^^'cn ISutiiin dii liTOMEim) occ iir tn M][nc oF I ht sm»j[mJI> 
Fkxxlcd ^h nib Lj feds tiod lhL'SL"Li»Li[iaJI> flcx:d«J spTuci:/Kd-CKJi:rdr^wcx:dcorniniiEy buLdom^ fr:«c tia> M^n^uii 
tlirca^J [lie pictf nt. 

L> LANDS 

Timb-T htin'c^ [iit>txcunKi nghLcolln: WL^L^m rtjiiizol FiHuu pine Fen ti»d tiiDiind [ he inl crmil I ml t:r«:t ffc^^'io^ 
inLoch? kn. Hc:n^ci'i:r. [ here tsnorcceru bdnv^ JihnicdEii ely ^jjcenl co ooy iif [ he ^Iilt "^d tiMl'K Thei^ h^L^bcen 
Umber 1] jc^'c^ ulLdruLiod Lhe scc^ if Llic Lir^er Lind'^i^pc is cooMdered Tlicre Lstilr^g]!]^ cixid jecuHS ti skrpe 
"^ LlliJi] .10 fed of Llie svEiJkr fen. bui i is on [ he e4i^1 "tide.md mrvA ol Llie gn^u nd"^*^ er pn)l:uM> coEnniloLlie 
fen fn^m [ he "^"c^ "^e ALIuherki^^ing nxidK leior [ he ^cIIaimI^ tire i^'er I iJJ-2CXi feel fiDm [ he ^cILuhI , wiLh 
inLail fure^ eunEnu ailjes s[:t> ing ^ts biiffec 

[h FDKTJ ^ TKl N NeEOS 

AltlKjngh nnnrfLC iiiven£or> for FiHuapcne Fen fc js hcen I bntongli my iiveoior^' oF rfccira of C he ^irc wjs c u rsnr^' 
A Lbiifou^h niifLlK. inveruor^ol Lhesce ls needed ^ ^udy of ^ ro«ftdwLicer flow pcJ hMS jL^^ leeded co hell er 
u ndeiHljnd 4 [le [L>'d ciili^^y of I he sue. wh^li ls ver> jnfudJiil co 4 lie sil e's ovenalL iniegnl y 

Ml hT ^ G EH EMT MeEDS 

An> fucn re [ imbtr litin'e^ ^ lliesHe should^ mjiinu eti empkT}' ^ reoinhLde mL^n^i^enieni /one bulTecK 



El £71 ENTOcCL KEE'SO Infciplmahcn 



Piceu sfi^eomus "^okiflifeRi foi« 


□J 


SJS4 


Picea ^rv'lvsjc h Nil* tivKncaiin forc4 


G2 


S2 


PiLe;L \p'K "^h. h Nil* tivKriii^iiin fbre^ 


G2 


£2 


ALn u\ int ,\\\.i \\\ nibl^ud 


G5 


S^ 


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G5 


S^ 


Cjrej; Ltsji^-Linxi ^ j iti.^.i'L^u'- ^ eu elLC ion 


G5 


S^ 


TvnhaLlilolM liL 1 h( h L^L^us ^ L'-;eiLi ion 


G5 


S^ 


Comusseneea simbltind 


G4 


£J 


Retuki^l.fcndiili'^.VLLLn:^ k^.k^Lin'^i ^hm bLikd 


G4 


S4 


CureK ^ eML.in.i fli: ittLLei^u^ ^ e^elLi kjn 


G5 


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G5 


S^ 


S^Lix d nnETiond mnLi^tire;^ nlntulLCLi shnibLoMl 


G5 


£5 


PedLind 


Z 


Z 


Petltind 


Z 


z 


DciVteiLi anglELJ 


G5 


£2 


CvpnpcdinETi purFirkinn 


G5 


£.1 


Efiip^iLlis ^ ig jnied 


G4 


S2 


Liptins kv**.ii 1 


G5 


SI 


Dn'op ens l nMati 


G5 


S2 



99 



11 Swan Fher Delta 

Lnc \ I K^^ 

Ttic fill t E kicticd d rht M14 [i tod nf S^^^u] QiIll' Ji nontih^c'd Mi^Unt] 

RlCI\E3S 

TtiLS sUt IS IncJcd oa I hL' di'll J of [ he SwLiaKivcr ukd il CKorn]X£»:^ TIil' Ntl LifL' CuQwrviiacy's SwLia K ivcr Oi^b^w 
FiceTvcJlie S^i]i LoliL' NlUluil^I WjUIlFc RcfugL' aMl tul^^rri Jjnd'^ T he d?llti js riinncd i>^'i:r jLIuv iLiJ ^sinds aul 
f Ri¥cbi4ind bcu^ rine \jks "^tiLC'hLJLii^'L'djjy oldi^r^l^Lijlaid Li^i]4niL'J[^p::^s. H^'Jir^cok:^ ic 4 liJks 
C^iderMjn ] ^^2 J kj>x: "^m^ n < hiJi Llic wJcrsoiiuc Rif [ hc^il c ls gmn nd^^^cr frum Lciri Cicct CM^cfldiinn^ "qwiiig 
nftoff "^ [lei] £[ii«ftdwLiizr fn^m [ he SwLia K i¥cr hcco[na> I lit 4k>inLnt]ii "^^erstiviue. Tlit mic hci^s a d IVL'[^L' jn^ iiT 
pltini cx^rn miiJl K?i. Lnclud Lnf 4.aic)*wcxid foicH vy^ ^pniCL' Tia^ . fi:n (^drr uxo^h ukd tu|«iiiL 4.orniniiE ics AJ 
LliL' Honl h end of I hL' Je^Nj 4IK "^ct spniCL' f^^r^^s. whiLliuj^ cimpiKnl of Hff ucc^f leld biHHatiiL 4 Picm 
"^pyEqitsU Lini drFCiiHC) Liod sprut^e/blicjojri Kcd^ rL£u> ( F]ce4i sp ^aLim j^ciid Lt CLUL4ide[iiii'f) com mil J lqk Thnt 
cimniu n II jls h^Lve dj^ L'r? underdiHiL's Lind I hL' ground 4 > [iLcaJI> htih lj girol dc jL iif EnicciHopj^rjptiLC r^lKf "mLIi 
tlic s^iiks hcirni JIix^jlxj ciuly 1 n < Kl" ^ nv^ ii* 4:,t*jn_ T hesc fufcs"^ grxj^: inLiJ a bliict (.(^on hiixxl^rL^I-dwcr doj^ftHxid 
C Ptjpu lus btifctunifL^riL *Sip L ric'kxLirpi'riHTi us si^rici^ij lonH lis one jthkl^ lJuklt li> LIil" Sw.in K nvr T h is kne*! d 
doETUiLiicd h}' bLic k caifnwecd , bnL spruct 4IIC connon mid willevenlvjlly domjulelhE^foicH ^ticercd Hl4iDdsGF 
cdconv-XKXJ liL^uxcnr £iJnig Llic Swji RiVLTLochc nort li_ bul SLUiie ol I 1il"^" liii^ <: h^en Ji^jdcd h}' crcd C4iDLin'ginHi 
C PhuLiTLS aru nd inLif c^ii ^hicti will tvcnlvjlly b^ Llie doinLnaH pbnL in I hL' CL^innu ail} ^^ hen 4 hL' Lc:44onh^ixiJ ovvrdiin' 
di«i OibDws tiMl "^longlis c:c4. u r on cjl [icrstdc of Lilt Swdn River Lind Ik: Lakeptui Lsu>\'er^ b> jxjLeo ehanneLt of 
tlicSwun R Lvcr whK.1] £Lje n^y^ flJkd in Aquai k. (^omnnnit jes ocenr 1 n 4 [ic f>[:nnjneri Ly flnofed jrcji nf 4 [ic oi^bu^'s^ 
"f longlis, L^nd IheinLd of Eh^'^ui Ljke. ^ hiLc Llie sliLiJ lower areas "^ [iLeh LypjctilLy dn' dowi by 4 [ic end of Llie gn:n^ in^ 
"^cjhoi] aju domjftjled h}' ni^irskeimmuniliL^S-CunniL^n vkLiyl] ^.l^^ji^u ni le^ ii* Llie dellLi jh. lude JiflLiied ned^c (Caieit 
vestL jna> 4iDd hi^^jkcd ^ge 4 Cjiei uLnenLda^ commiiil les. WLcer liorselL^i U Equisi:^ in flu> iLic iJe) conimni] J ks 
doniJiLiie I he Jeefier wjcr uf "f longlis. Mjny iif [ [i{: nl:^[^k etmniu n il k!s have heei inv^Jcd b> Kcd c jnaiy^ riss wliieh 
n^pfy forvb J noncxn]! nre jcn^is Lirge piHlKifts of I he Liie pfeui t-ei uul e^rr eonniu n iLks cxcu r on pea Jefxinils 
Dvcrivjig a R:iii IV eJy 1 mj^errkz jbLe Ill'vI nnc: ^i h h>cr T hcse (.oinnnnLi le^ jr: [ypieaJI> flaidcd fur alL iif n:;!^ 
of tbe gnin^ Lnf ^icsun A bc^ bin. hAikiider sedge ^ Bd lU ^LoMlikKiVCarc^ LiEincarpij comnu n iLy fonns Llie e<:nio*c 
bm weei Llie Hffucc fiifc^ dnd 4 lis: re^ of Llie p^y Liid Miid l^4 [ic ll^ct bi donintlcd b> lj commiiEy ^^ Jl h \xj^ hicch 
doniJijnL in I he i>^'enlL^ L^nd Jiflied ned^c Llie uxh 4.ornino* u nderdiHV' spi^cies < It [ic^r jshcici Lie ed spec jes dne Bebb 
"^ lI}ow (^1;^ h^bbi^Uii^ [C4I- Lcived wi]kiwCSaIix|Tfeii]fo]Ei? skunkcubb^eLLyTiictLLionajneriednurn? anrin^Lcjl 
f mftds:] ( ScnccLcH CEingiiljny^ and LoX^fom | PetLSiite^ sjf illai isj. Tliis e^rr etmniu n il y Lsiniennii^d wnhd 
fen dnnintied by j sknder 'Q.'d^c ^ C^irei lLi^iix^ii]:ai (^omnnnily, wh leti is domikJ e^l t>y slendcrsedge. LcfiM^r pun icLcd 
sedge (Cajci d iLjnd u)^ inLrnd Hed^c^Carei ml eriori, ^nd uwicd Kdge ICurcx d [lenxjcsi. K ecd eaimrygnBi t& 
invtiJin^ pjrtsiif [he len js weJJ 

Kn E^^ iP.<hssEE^ Ki R^cmns 

Ttic h>'d[oti^ ^nd geonK^rptioki^ydrcche twodoninaH fbctoni ^ Fvctmsg plan iivEnrn u n if irs on 4 tie Swiii Rjverl>=llt] 

Th^ vciy gentle ^Lopz of Lhe til^e pljiii kcepn 4 [ic £ [o«ftd "^"ai er fnm diainLn^ veT> quickly I his piumntiig tlie 

develojMTienLof'^dkLnd pLiri cxmimnn il hzs In ^djl urn. a b>criif Lie udnic siks at Llie mnl [ll:^^ endiif [he 

deka ml en.e[TS gnrandwii^zr fnmi Liid Creek tiul. since 4 he sills tire les pcmcatik f^^rcelhegnrandwii^zrlolhc 

su rf lire js spr J nji*! L And er^ Ml L^2j_ Tlie sjks keep I he ^^ Lcer £y Llie mifacc. < Kus jMTjmtH in^ lin^ienitwL LondK ujns 

umd pCdi fonnaion. 

RhEITV 



Tlic !iire s«ppof1s fx^pu Ili ions of sev ei;il i^ue pLinLs ]k Indiig "^^ er liowcLb^ IHowellEi aqidilci)^ Uu ni- Le4i¥ed 
fx^nd'^^zed LPiilanxigelL^obcusifoljis> Gw. kler fcm 4 Drytiplcns (.ril^y j^ and yclkiw lad > VsLippcr (CypripaJjin 
cdlecoJisJ. Tlie I wo fiHiner spocjes aj? ai|«jlK , w h Lie 4 he 4wxj JlII er spocjL^s (xcnr in [ he e4iK a^ In 

addiLon Ll]eSw4in R iver Pri'si: ive pn^v idcs litibilLi forgn/^Jy b^4iiS4ind tuld c j^ Ini. e'^'u fcderaJI> JcinlsjKcin. 
BeajiseEinLH pfevaJenL d u nn^ s'pnng and CL^r1> snmner We4 em kud 4 Bir^ bureasj Pacifie Liue fn:^ 
C Psend^^cEi icgiLI^J^ 4ind km^-kvd ^^iLim jndcr^ A rnh}'4ima m^LnxJaLLyJinj einkJ alHuiceirai Lliissile. 

Q her aninals naed dinng a rkld suD szy b> 4£d~f /ixik)£i'4 P jnL Hend rkl?L wcic Colinbi^i spnJ I ed fni^lKjnt] 
lnLeiven4rEij^ConinHi*^£Liler\nLit^^TiiLininophLssiALiLis? pcj c Imn (Pisidiin sp? aAd "^'vcnil fresliwiE^zr saajt 
Si jg n iDjIa ek:dcs^LyrnnL3[:LJ 4a^n jLls^ P[L>?iclla ^yrina^ PlanorlieLh I mtilv K The viuiety of hubcds 4it [ tic sKc 
suppon elt. deer mcwse. bcLivcr nvcr tcLer, jnd J Lejd 171 species oF h]ids aa.oid ing co < lie bird Iei for the 
refLi^c. I n jdd itnn Ui pruv iding lEnpcnaH wildliledUd wjlerfow L LibJai J lie Swai Rj\ er Dcka afcu perfonas KJine 

ica 



inpoftuQi wfllund funclLons The "^d tii]d'> in e he river's Flcod plma h tip Ermialma tlit c htuKJ tn^dic sutziUFfEicc 
hyd rDkif^ . rctmn piui icliLJcs f y^t aui ricri^. uhI ccEnpi^runlv dore !iu rfiKt wdcr ( Huucr L?^ J. Tlit ]ikt is a 
mujor dcpcvtu irm zom: for hoH i rni:nL'> in 4 Ll' Si^iii Rjvtr 

Co Ftp mo H 

CuttemiL nx'rc^l Lontil liind u*^?^ ji LliL' Swjn R ivcr Ddid iru^lud^: binlin^ . wiLd hf? ivUcl]]ig^ WLxerfcin^ L hiri in^ 

rcihing t]nd KKicing. Sim: homL*^ l^cl' tnill oa I Iil' 4<:l'p upidiid ^lop.'^ nc^ 4 [ic in li^ uf Sivi]i biii: tiKJ Hic^ccuM 

prccELl L^illy 4.CH1I nbnl t s[:]1 K cfTlLicH Lnchc l^kc Tin: fill iiulL'r^ oF I ht Porcnpjii: € rctk Rn^ iiLlit SW4II] River 

rkod pLjia L^od 4 [iL' dike uli^n^ I hi: md Tivi:rl:4jil:ji]4 bck^w I Iil' Puce u pim: Creek RrxiJ bndgi:l:r4h inluhc 

rkod wdlL'ES I [im ii:4ichi[L£ I ht £"^^11 Rjvi:r fkxidpbi n I a LiJd lIki*. 4 [lei? litl' HcvcrjL JrjinugL' d lictics oa 4 hi: deJiu, 

tis i^elL LK 4I did n£Ml [liti c ru»T[:h Lin: dL'llL^ Ljnd wliich tsflnoJL'd for ]%id^ of 4 tie yc\ir flnwi n:uL h ing [ he A 

f h^lT Jl^^iI of 4 [ll^ see htisb^:!] inviiJed b> leLiH ctiimi>'2 rf3>. IL plm:^ t] Lliiedl co e^ l4 lo^ ]ri£b:T pfeLJil 

eimniu n il K'> bi[:caisc E 4 L'i]d'> [o TMni H^ruxik u n: u^ Li lrvikIl"^ d (.omnLiaLly disfticiii^ o^y ive pLiri^ L ApfL'lhju ni dnd 

^\im}y ["^7 \ i\md i\kcnm^ ^uc^ci^\i:n^ii ]xihv^y^ 0\kcr c^itic^ iULlmdc C c\mjd^ wild nee 

(ZizjjaLa tiL[u Ji KL^j TIil' CaiiLiiJ^L [ h l4 k L^K^Lilenzd in I tii: rmirnh. jnd ^^ jIL |)fobubl> LiJivii^'s Ik pKhf nL ^ '9:)rni:kiw 

lc^'cb> bumng [m]fLir d l4 ■dxjEu.i:^ Ttie wild rjLe ^ n^^'s Lie 4 Ll' iriLd of S^^^ii QilLf.uHl lI dos> na app:^ 4o l:e 

Kpre^ing 

Offde LmjxKls Lo C he ^ e: include: exi i:n'^ve I imbcr hLuvefl 4ind in^hiiildinf ]■ Llie di^nmige "> [iLeh eii«kj h: 
inecriosin^ Mxl imenL kuilsinche SwLjnKiv^^r T he ^aine tiLtiv i ii:i£ hjvi: LIil' peri L^nLul co jIfL'd LhL' sUl'^ h^'Jiclog^ , 
ehficf lalLy ]f [ hey ccc u r Ji LliL' Ll>1 CieL'k d [uiiit]^^. 

InformatiohNi rPB 

lifonnLnon bi ■i:edi:d oa ti nmntiLT of i^iue^K l^ Lind u^ liJ4or>' of Llie ste J tie efTeas iif [ he d iIj: Ljnd Poceupine 
Cieekin^ on [he llcxiding rc^ 1 mL' la I he Swan R ivlt Pn:s[:T>e^ and lafunOiiKi* on IhLTJceol 'tffe4id of Ljntin'giLtHS. 
Snch Jifonn:^ ion 4.oijld ukJ ji rnLioa^L'meru ofltie^LlE^ !■ tiddiion fud tier Held ^Lir^'i:y iif [iLjri conimnnjl La> l'> 
ne«Jed in [he FUxid plum iiH lie Siviin River cas of irxjd ^7 1 4 (m Llie ives side of Llic nver? 



M 1 f ^ G EH E^T Heeds 

Reed ednEuysi^ coH edI TTiiHlied^ Lir: b:i n^ 4{!^ed on LhL' fi"^ jn River Pre^Tve ^ny !iisn]fli:^iil rLnding'> should bt 
shared iv rth 5whi Lake Retire ^^dl Iolkhm^ i n i.onLi^^ll ii^ Llie sffeLnl ^md 4.o^'e[use [^ leed t^uEmiygrLiHS, wli jch c 
tlieLir^cfd LliKii [o I he ecok:^ icaJ ml e^ my iif [ h i^ ^il e 



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12 SwanFherReseanihNatixalAma 

|j]c \ I K>^ 

Rh'A Lidjoii]'> a ruLl] uf Llii: Swdn River whK.1] ftiKsnonh iruo FLi [icLid Ljkc 

Rkh'sess 

S^un K iv<:r R^StCiaiuti Nti u Ri] Ami l'> kx'J cd ii* [ he till uviiun of I hL' E'^'an R]V[^r flcx>H phin dnd ii* ^ lai^iii] Mil 
dcpivtccj d u rin^ 4 [ic ^v j[u:t iif [ he Il£i viilky ^LiLii^r. L^nd ieu-IwIl's a tiuni: 4 A ndciHon L^^j ThL' wetland 
cimETiu n il K4> m^ prubahJy su ppljc^l wjl [i ^Ucr f ruai 4 h^ti prim jr>"^)u n-c^ ^Lirftizi: jod gn^u nd"^^ n~ flm^t fn^m LifiLoAd 
LnbuLi3rK*> of Lin: Swjn Ri^cr jnd b}"5u rfjcc jnd ^ronjid^viicr flivA'^ firan Lin: Swjn R Lvcr iL^f lf_ wliKfc rcmnsLln: 
C4i:4 i:ni Ixnjiidtin' of Lin: Hcc Tin: wet hod pLinL (.L^jnnLiaLLjL"^ jr: q u lLi: J]v i:r«: tuul incLudc cc^con'^xxxJ foR!4^ wiH 
spruct fbrL"4 . ctiiT domed p.'^ytLMl Hfrnng's nart h ukJ nvcnii: shru Minds C Hulxck ]^^2) Ttic p^olLind d JitiLck 
C^4ini dnme-^hLifed n^i^ol pc£y dcpivtcs kx^HoJ Lie 4 [icccx^ol I he sI:)[k:'> ol I he Nf tHfiion M^mruturui ^V4iter ?ricis 
Llicjxuitiiid from »:verLJ "^rc]^ and fiom ti sprinf 4 hai ^clbi up Ln 4 [ic aiiddle iif 4 he pcjidoniM A kiji^ or iD:>id 
■^u rnjujid^ Llie p-^y tiid jn^hicliLiLdcHAIjiu^sp ^ aju amriKjn T In: *ikjpji£ "^idei irf" < In: psi dome su p|>jri SLLcLere^l 
spruce L PiLea ^p ) Ciunnoa 'tfeeh:'> Lnelud^ \xj^ tHn. h 4 BeluJ j gtLiidukv^L^ ^leod er neil^e (CLire\ LtJLLtiqx^j. nud 
Ecd^lCuici liiDiKi) bc4iked Hed^c^Care^ulTicLiLjJa^ inLind sedge lCjh:^ iruenecMxi^ bucklx jn 4 Menymil hes 
LnFotiitiV lender *ipLkenmhcEkech:ifi^LenuLSJ_ and au aierni^ aKK^:^ f Ciiiddc rt jL I "5*^ J Majyi v^zgettlujn 
cc4.urs jLon^ kiw g r^kf jenL »Kjm'>, l^rivhI smL^IJ L:ike4> Ji b^tck^'J^zr Hi^Li^hs. aMl lh dluodoocd aiC4ii]ders iTkirsti 
vcgctLicioi] Lneludcs b^dkeJ "^"d^c iTJcail Ll > phti iLic ifbLuJ^ dnd reeJ ednan'grHi L Phjl^rci anftdioLkrcu) 
eonmu n il les. Sbnh uiinnu niljes alMi ciccn r jLon^ 4 [ic (:iee)L'> and Lnltic Sv^m River flecdpljin oa ]x3c> jod lerrj^es 
Llies: Lneludc "^ledmhjnk L^Lder C ^]iv> incaAii) aod Kd-CKjer dogwcxid ICc)fniJ'> ^hlcj) cxmimiiJl lcs. The wel spnce 
Rife^ lacJiidcs sp™Le;yku n k" jhhijic ( Pieca^LysicliiLnni aMKncannm} and *ipu [ce/n^d-tKier dti^T^xx^ L Fcea sp JCo™k> 
idoknifeRi) Di^mmnn J Lcs. AJ|Jc<:nl u pi jods 4ire domini^cJ by we^en Lirch 4 bin\ c:c4. idenLtilisy "^cd em ie4kc4liir 
(Thi^ fiLic^diJ^ £Qind f irl A bies gnjulci)^ su b^pinc fir ( ^hjes LasKXLiqu\ and En^clnoii spnjce L Picea 
cigtlnunnni mich of wliich d old ^ ru^l k L Haliock V^^\ 

Kn &V iPLO Hw Ewa L F ^ c Toaj; 

Tlic key fjaor^iipLn" piLnl eiwimu n ires £1 LlussKc ls h}d rskigy Tee^lojw gnnu nd^wy er seeps and springs su pport 

a u n iqne i;iis^d ^k^^jc dunc^ jnd low gr^kf jenL » rc^ais siitipod encisivc areas ol maisk ve^d JlJin 

S^vaaRivcrRN^supp:)ds3 raic pknd pujnLy idos. all of wliic h drc EHitic]Lled wiLliche unique m^^ pcJ doaieLC 
LliLSMie Thcsi: Lneludc LivsL'L's L^vi]y htkf e L Liporis kKscLO puk »zJge 4 Cji^x LivjJj^ [Kxir sedge IC^r::^ 
fxupcrLuLi^ £L:iri lieLlebhi^nae C Fpjpjd Ls ^L^arieaj^ jnd skftder cuLon^ ra^ ( Erxiffciifuni 2 racLleJ ln4iddilKm. 
2 n//ly bcti& ( Ui^s aratiis^ btild e4i^ les (Haliaea us kuctxephalusj^ 4ind 4.0Kin:p:m Icon ^ Gav l:i imvKr) are kkiiwn co be 
■occasional vigors Lo [ he sil e IHahcek ]^^2) Ike S^vaa R iver I hnragli i he sil e su ppi^rls a jiopuLixi* of bull I rouL. 
Tkeie Ls tibn an eceirrence of I lie nre sffuce^u nk4.abboge cxmiKiiiE > Lie 4 kis sec 

QtIEI V^Ll-ES 

The wctbidii proi'KJc ne^in^ hjbilLl for ■■■Knnus sficcics of ^vuerlowl and L»tffe> SoKie puns iif i he sil e die used 
as elk calv inf grou nds. T he genenal area ls abn used 4is bi^ gjme winl er naige exi ensjve ise d nade of Pac iflc 
yew(T:i^usbffcvifr»liaUHabei:k l^^i^j 

CD'Sn]TX]M 

\m 1992 LlieSWdin Ljke Dulrmt jlk^wed lemoval of "gieen biic h ' 4 recs I nm I he rc^id ri^hl-ol-^ny ak^n^ IheRNA's 
"^edem boundary CuLLiigoflhe^Liclered pujxT bir^li eoni inned inlo L9^1 WjIkinlkeRNA. binl researekis 
undenvay Tlie pcd Lakd dome ^ah "d wlKd by CkLkfdeand £kell> Ji July \993 T ke FLl liead R>i« Plan aLlcicai ed 4 ke 
liileloManagemeni ^TC'4K2Eand 12A^RNA^J Etcc ic spxKS aic modL> diju fined lo jnsK jdjLrenl lo < ke nudiAav- 
Reed eiinan'giaHS ( Pliakins arundji jeeaj ispre^^ni innursk> aretci^bui wliet her or ncx 4 kis species is speLid in^ d 
nnlBowi. 

L> LAMPS 

Lands "^esl oflheRNAare]! MaiLigemeri Arra 1 "^ ^4 1 mlvr empkasis). Ljnds ead and Hcm k of 4 he RN A tire within 
MaiJ^enieri Area 1 2 (4 iniKT k^iRV^ alkiwed wilh rif^irian re^rKliLins) Privile kiul titms 4 he R N A's ■lvIIi 
bcundaiy TheaLi^ki^rt gieen birch sjle < J 9^-9-3 1 remiived many of i he "siailenzd puper hjiuk LEct u la papynfera) 
kxstcd along I be Pofctpine Cieek Reul n^ki-cf-way. 

10^ 



Ihformatiph Needs 

l-r>'d[ugfolcg ID ^ [Ld> £> needed tnLiELder^jndltLL'M^ucccnr^vucrforltiL'pEEclEind Lie 4 he Ml l' IriLiJdLlKn^B 

tlionnEL^ti ]ivtntnT> iif wflLind pfcoil cimaiu n lIji>> ^ Llit mic l'> ocL^dcd co compldi: I hci ro^onl 

lAw ^GEHEMTWEE[^S 

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13 Condon Creek Botanical ^}eciallrri]efed:Afea 

Crmdnn C r^L'k But]iK jL ^icd d kicticd in 4 he S^vim VulLcy of nnn h'^dem MchlIuaj tibuvl 25 aiUL's ^ 4^^ k[n) houI h of 
S^^Bi Lfikc. T be bci jaLC4i] urci LnclLida> ^ nz^Ll] uf Condrm Cicf k t] LnbnUr^' nf Lht S'^^ui Rivi:r 

RjCHHEB 

Crmdrm C r^L'k Bui^^LiiLLjL ^ird Il«> wil hit tin: ceri cul S^i]i Valley oF nort h'^c^eni MhiI^liilj. a bciud gtic uL viillty 
Ix^nlned on 4 liL' eL^ b}' Lin: Sw4iD RtiigL' 4iDd oa I hL' wc^ b> Ihi^Mcsiicu] MoLirutnaii Ttie vaJky fhur fL^ii u crs rmuy 
fxxliolcs 4ind ^^dJjnds I5c)f whEharc included wil hia I ht 229 tic re (93 hti> Ix^aiK^L die^ Nioe of tliE^si: pnnds 
"fupfx^n |Hif«Ld Hifts c^ I ht 4iqi]ti le LjriauaJ "f pa.][!s wdlcr hcin^'elLuj I HiFA'cllu aquLX ilisj Tlit jxHid^i eti*4ajiiig "^^er 
ho^elluj Lvp]c:alLy diy by lae suinirfror ciariy laJI. aJkiwio^ M.'eds ol ^vUer bowcLIu 4o gcminde. SelowikH 
rtfills I lii: piiwt> in ^pno^ jod ^Uer bnwcl lij ^cd Lii]g'> rLsniriL' 4 [lejr ^rmvl h ^"iHcx ilicJ "^d LjhI pltiru'^ iru-Jwlc 
in n^led »z4lgL' 4 Cjiei vehtLLir^h ^iler biHHatiiL (Eq u iMHnm fluv Ld lIcJ , gna»i-k;3ved fx^odh^'ecd L Piil4ifmigdcH] 
f RirniriLiJS? "^^ lt hnlleiuip ( RtiiiH. u lij'> ^iqnLic ilb^ dnd wdltr- puiMifi L S]in svjvei. Upl^od^ iif 4 [le ^il t jre 
dornjftiicd h}' mcsu' rrK^ljnc/^i*L'4.onifcion'>rLifL'?ls wihinche Exju^bs-f ir4 FVndciJsvgdnri/ ic^u ? Eo^eJnLiii ^pmee 
CPicem:n£cl[miiiiL^4ind£rjnd f ir4 A biL^^i grjAdb) "^'n^ of htibitl I ypc^ NcxtibLe are bj^vcml piiriE-Jike ^[u^'h of 
ma u re piKul[MT:«j pine L P]aEi jiondccnij^ wu h 4 crcs m inulnJ li> be C4L Ji^O yi^^cK old. 

Key BtytfLO HWfHTK ^ F h c TQ15 

Tbc B^HMal diyiig df tkc pDwIs Eu pfx^n mg wjter hcin^ellia l'> 4.T1I k. jL la I he lile [LL^iHy and ^ur^'ivii] oF Lliis 
plan! Ta aifdfe im , The pfRieKe oF jxjci-Jike ^ [x^'cs iif pjnden:^^ pinenetid^' ind Lc^y es fiuqienL k:n^-irucKscy 
f Rivftd fires weie a euffiETion pfcenorneEum Iiihofk jLIv. Fire [ll^l^ ^ ud lcs cond ulI ed leiirCLUidL^ in foR:4 "^jnds 
aionnd pL4 [loLcs fbu nd I Lit nonlahalaod nii;u:d si^vervy flrci iiccined on jvera^e ever^ 2 1 >eacs compared 4o I he 
pre^ni diiy j^'erj^e oF cv eT> Ii7) >eurs LB jctuiL L^^i jnd i secvb likely I Li ?«[ne buTued [ h ruii^ti I he dried onl 
fx^nd^ However I tie laip^naKe of flie Ld [ he d L4nb4 ua l^ WLier [lowellEi aid lK ef Feci u* ho^elliabfe 
hidofy dUe uxx well Liodenrxid. 

PARny 

Ccradiu C reek SE ^ eonl4iin'> a ^Sn]ncai4 ixiocentni ioa of powls cccnp]ed b}"^^er lio^'elLiLi THowellEi aqnil del 

Oti>e Values 



CD'Sn]TX]M 

CnTimL boMlises Eire linil ed In' [ h i'> ^il e\ (Tesif nil ki* tis j hrt^iniLal HfccEd ml err^ aiKL Po^ihle kLndn^es 
include h u nUig £Lid (x.CLtsional lehetirch LiLli^ilhZ'K I'olkn^ mg [ m^trer liLifL eH in I^^KfV. Fore4 KiXKl ^ 15 "^"a^ ^^edcd 
T^ itli J niKliie oF non- nd Lve s Riw»es jnd foits ALsr^presrrt lire < wi> eM:^ ic ^^eed sfccics, i»fM led knapweed 
(CeHavieu nuc u IdsjJ aid su Ifu r ciaqiiEbiU PiUenlilki lectuj 

Upi h \ n b 

Tke brtaaicdl aied lies ]■ ai ami of checkeTb::(ifd k1HkvA'ne[^hlp h.'t'^een 4 ke Foiefl SzTvice^ind pnv^y e iVA'ners. 

Land'> ad^enl lochc^efl jod Hti«l k Ixmndanes have treci br^elv 4.nl-o^'er 

KhDEM hTKJ^ Needs 

AaauaJ mon Jonig oF 'telc4:1 ed WLiccr kc^welJEi [upu bJ lon't W4IS 4.ondnaed on 4 ke ^ile fnmi l^^t-1^2 b> lheNfii*4anu 
Ttiiral Keitfage Pcii^rjni Ci^linu^ nu^ ikHiig on j tns I req ucri Jri enul l ^-5 ^'cjrij i'> ren'^^nmend^d ^ind [ he 
FbhEid TtiiaiaJ KifCH h jm n tiim] jIJ} Li^reedco^-onUiielkis^^L^ H ^xJ ciili^f ic "4 udjes of v^^y er liinhvlliLi jxuid'> 
have bejn n ISkaplcy 1998V und Jra^re ^xjrt of I ht*i kind u> needed li> btlccr iiodi^r^und I he woit.ing^ of lliesc pijnd"^ 
hydRiti^LC regJVK Fud ker wori lo u ndcr^and [ he ruk cf fbmEiIhe dcinbulKi* ol ^vUer howellu 4ind I he 
effects of fire ii* lis bfe l]j4on' aie atu leeded 

MahasemehtNi I ns 

Piuid^ ciiH£uiin£ ^lyer hi>wellu app.'^LJ leklLvely M.\'ireLind di^rux require any irn^ie^liLEe nuoa^enicri ^dicm Tht 

okl-£EiTwth pondeiris:^ p]ie 4ind we^en bn-h giovesnxiy oeed nndertT«in]ig to reEnnve ycmng under^oiy 4 rei^s. 



IM 



ElEHENTOcCL P:l>^r> iNFORMATiaN 



CLjLin^L^ir:^ b> c^LULiJci'tb l]L'rfuc's:ou'> vcE^i^ini] 


G40 


Si 


Kcjui4_Tum ri" Ml"lo hcrlxtL^^u*! VLT]d£iiaa 


G5 


S5 


1 ^^K.LlLhill h ' . h. -^L^US ^ L'^Ctti Lot 


G5 


S5 


Curtx vcaiTdru hEMt^kz^uiUi ycei^:^ inn 


G5 


S5 



ICS 



14 Flathead Iber Idands 

Lnc \ I K^^ 

TtiL^ KTiL'^i nf EiLoods nccnn in I hL' FIlx hc4id R i^ lt imvKdiiiL'Ly Efi uf Kdlispf ]|. Nfoaiuftj NOTE ^ivk of cli l^i siLd d en 

pnvLdc L]Ht>.4ii]d Liiidcn^n?r[K:rrni»iLon d icolfd 4o LiPLCc»i I hL"^ jxnl ioi]'> ol LIil^hcc 

Kiel's ESS 

Owi:n S^in^cT^ in? >^ irjL ^ird dnd kvi^cuI ac^rft}' miLJid'> C wliic h jr: hi^jng coriMdL'rc^ for hljc u ri] ar^d dcugulKi* by 
Llic 44iL'j ciivi iLnl L' 4 [k: tKH^ L'\ain|Tth of riptjnjn skruh aftd kifL^^ (.omnu ■! ic^ bil in I Ll' n Lie h?4id Viilli^y The 
L'lLind^ occur in 4i SL^ct Jon of LliL' Tivi:r "^ [icK LliL' 4 lumn giLMlii:i]l dnifh. AsLiR!s«k of 4 [lls Jcccriosf la L^nci™^ , a 
Iciof b^k^kf L^ dejxKJcd [icrc. whjcl] (: jlisl:^ LliL' hi;iKJ in^ inlkL^nvcrchmiiii^LltLcmghLliis^iiilt:]]. ]L l'^4|]ho 
IjlLfly 4[i£d t] iLiT^L' 4iinii«ri of ■pwcLljigcic^.udln^rt, ^hcr.' Jl isLliL^uglil chti ^LiCrzrfkvA'iiglliiou^hltLC fL'lLiciVL'Ly 
pcnriL'^itTt LohblL"^ IxiiL'^y [i I lii: FLJ [icaH Riv'craiid fkxxJpLjiau lM hL' hypiiriiL'LC /im:? cnunri l'Hi 4 [ic Lois jvcvKLibtc 
I lELC ?i«liaicri^ iif 4 [ic FIitliL'^ Rjvcr dckti. foiuin^ I h[^ JiMLbiir^t of [ hcHvhtvdlK? "^^ cr ]rio I he nvcr ( Sidn lord 
uftd^VdRj ]^^3) Ju4 Ixkiw Lhis brmdL'^l s[:a K^ ihL' t-~lLichc4id RiVLTm^kcsa^htuplxiidLoltLccL^ folkv^'jig tlic 
Cmoa ft]ik 4 All £ljh1 Hyndni^u l^^^j Eijc'h i'>ijnd in I hth ^ rctcti of n^ lt "^"^^ lorir^d ^ li d iffL^r^iil Ljik in IhL' 
pud . 4 [iLS hElor> iSR:f1cdcd in I hL' spi^cc ru ni iif succoiMonal I412CS nzpfrisi:!]! liH kciz TIil' sjnd b^ir wiLkn^ 4 SjIi;^ 
cii^ua) jnd hfeict: cxxLonwcxidt F^npu ln^i bob^unifL^rLi s^p Lnctux. JcpuUr^cciL ulLuvuL tur cxmirniii J lcs jrc I 'A'o of Llii: 
cdKy sw-ccshtLioaJ cimaiu n il jcs on I hL' EiLihK Bali^uu llcxidcJ uiivjlly Etikdlur ^ iJk^ w^'^^ donui jnc inlhL'fonntF 
cimmu n il y. wjl [i hcj^'v lo^ lt ol ^1 rcmntun k jMlt ( Alnu^ np ^^bii nctilxTT^' (Coruuii ■TJftjdcKSL't ^ aiid aaiTow^piL^J 
i\x\j£ ^J^^ 4 C4iljm j£[i>l L^ inc\]^n^ij. TliL' hijck ciilcon'^xxxjyrcccil ulLuviaJ lur coEnmni] J> ^vus doming cd irmxiiily b> 
tL f Rn'L'L 4ind Siiod bur "^Lili nnnicn^u'^Lc44onh^ixid'^L'd]in^ jnd VLi^K■Ll^ ul]Vi: dnd l^^^iK arniiuL^ Gbck 
ccK[onTAtodyrcd-o*iiLT doj^w^xxi CP_lx5L^niifcri^cjruu*iM:riCL^>t:oinnunil]«iiccnronMWKofLliL"istiiid^jnd<lic^£iJC 
m]d-'^«.i:s^ioiii3L 4.aic>iwcwd fiiftH-t T hey ciccijriii oldLT tcniKL^ era [he istuid^ a»d oil" fltxidrtl uifrcquL^ni ly_ 
T [icsc fom^. lI ll]i:>4ki*^ c^ pcncnci: jny VEijiif d L^HTtuHL"^ Jikc TifL' iif clmnnc] mcn'L'nieri . ^[^id utilLy th.'conic 
donufcirti b}'(.oiijfL"rHastliccaic>iwcwdovcrlraydKS£i»dLhiii^CHi3nscna \3\ ]4^J5j A spiu(.L"/ial-(KJLT dog^Axxid 
C PiccL^ sp Ohi]I]'> »:ni:?j) cuETimiii] J > . ai] c:^^[ri]^L' iif sulI] a LJc ^uccc»iLC)ntJ njxir^i^ ix^inLn Qwci 

SrwE^r^'JiL' Nli u raJ An:a ThL' 4 h^'ivLvpo^ uf foicH 4.ominiiE Lc^ incnLioflixl jlx:i¥c a^ "^Lili 

Lvp]c:al forL"4 ^Tuclun: but wih \i\\ iftdtrHory coEnfXi^Ki* sli lilL'd li> ciiH lcs or ]kkl££Pi in ^mic arc^tk TIil' 
Il£i 4 > p[:'> ol cimniu n rtKS o* the DfaHbaic tkori: (KM. u inn^ ■■sk>ug}i'K fioniL' '>ki«gb aic ancictf cbnnct c nuking 
LliL' lij^h Lcn^iLL' of jn bbwl. Tkcy voy bt Dicly llcxxl^ b) s«riLH.c^ii^r buL noictkcl^bvcakigk^^DrUbk' 
bccaiHC of su bKnTl4icc wjIlt In one ^uck ^longli [ob»:n'L'd j WLicr [u^[^L1Jl U EquiHd in fluviLi ilc) comrnnnjl > jn 
tlic diN:]>:r pufi of I kL' stm^ti. we h 4iird-»tKr4kigwrxid (^omnnnily in I k[^ shaJkiwcr ]^d of 4 [n: ^Louf h Qhcr 
'^loug}i'> ar? vou n^?r aftd ciifliixlcd [o 4 [ic nvcr vei ^u rfL^L' WLicr. ] n out iif 4 [icsc sk)n£h^ i iitiM^TVcd a needle 
spi)j:nsk C ELctic hans tiL^ic u lucEiJ conmunily on l^ irmdnjl. A'^tJ^ci^lcd ^pc^-ic^ were d nmk ( lnn(:i]'> ^p ft ^npiio 
( SiigEmcEi cuneda? rnLjre\ caiL IH ipjraTLS v nL^ansh, comrnira spLkcru*^ C Ele^ictun*^ f^id rvi)^ 4iDd V4iTie^yed 
horsi^jdi] ( E4|iet[:4 in V JCKgLcu rn> Beaked s[:dgc LCjre^ ■! ctLuLia) cimniu n il les cxcu rred Ji "^'vcj^il l^4 tiehe nk^u^hii^ 
a&did aquaic onmrnii] J lok 

Tk nvcTine wei land nminiu n ilies on CKv^i Sim'erA'iie Ndtnial A rra ori the aurou nd m^ Ciland^ are aJI depi^ndenc m 
tkc kydiok:^ ic m^inic L^l lkeElL:che4id River. □iLivelhjE^aftd^ndbujifci^EddinDg flixxJs are 4 [u: ^u bMi;i<: fiif 
I ■! nre caiiiflwixid fiifci't The hyd ruk:^ ic Kginiccii*! [i>is mjny uf [ he vcgetLlxra [^yiern'^in I kci nver coindor 

Nd larc pLint o^cnnence^ 4IR: knowi fnrai Lliis vcr' d > namu. nfunan '>}'dcin^ dll kuvgk a n u mher of "iich specKS c:c4. u r 
in M^mc of Llie older Hk^uf hMimrby bu^e ]riact exaniple^ iif hfe^k i:xlLoi]^x>^/ii:d-n«>]er dog^rcd corniniiE le^ jr: 
unummon Ji'^dcm Nfiifl^ana. aMl Llie mx-in^ncc d O^cn So^'cn^ me luprewri^ I ke h^'d sucIl e'^ai^pk of "^ucli a 
conmunily in 4 tic FLiliead VaJkv bxaise of Lt'> ^i£c oveRill cohIe ion and coniinned corin^DLC of ule u raJ 
procciM^h "ncli L£i f1cyid]i]g. 

QtIEE Vm L]Ji 

TIlc large, d Lvcrse npun^ii cimmu n Lt]es ar Owen So^'cr^ 1 nc NJ noil Aiea, aie e^ticncly valuable in a nninber r^ ways. 
Tkcy pcin'KJc Lrnpoilani kjbildl fof wikj Life aul fLfh They abo piovide ]npadai]l "^dtind fiKtxiftsand sen'Ee^. 
"^ucti LVi I ke leinpiHan' ^c^j^e iif ^u cfLK e i^iEszr en^i^^ dnhi p^E ion mai nLain ing ^.liacucleTmJ k. ^u hnu rfaze 
h^d ruti^ ^ nu£ rmzii c>Y.Jin]^. and [uilJLuli^m r^ enLxi* IbLiucr 19^ j 

CoH PmciH 

T^t-irr^nl land uira> on and aiou nd Lke Ciland^ are niudJy bnEoi Ld recied lonal u^'^IlL: h u ni ing , fuiliJig^ itnd 

IQS 



biidinf ScwK cf tilt isbAds tur ]■ priv^towitr^tiLpdnd bjycmiiiinhtrnf limiK^bLiLlI onlhnn Because iif [ [LOtC 
tud al]i:r ncdHny icstdcncos hinm impiKl^ like s[:|il lc^ i:rR'> and do£^ ol Lif°L' dn occur T]nlxr bjPF'c^ litsiulst 
c>x u nr^lii* LliL's^ ^inL: I'J.hnds Pn^lubLy j|] buLchc^dlsid p] jnL Lc^mniiiJ^ have b^L'ii Lnfluszncol by c^ajc^lo 
■^^niL' dc^ [Tc ThL' 4.aiii*WLh:t] £Liid ^prvLC fon.'sl cimm u n il h:'> ha^ l' Ikci degraded in Mm: Lirc^u> by ip Lo ^{!^^ covtrof 
CuQikf ^ 4 [lEt Jc {CicHiLiETi jPFensc)^ [luiHbion^ ue (Cync:^ kx^nin offiCJiiL^lej jnd roJcop L A^ [ivl is »ok^ ifcraj la 
tiddEion KE^d 4.tiruLi>'2 rju> C PhutLiL'> aiij nd liiLiPLca? r^mv> dejiHC pLic[ie'> li] simic L»l I hL' si^uf hii Ttie ^cuvl'L lurs 
"fupfx^n HUffK e:^r^ K. aiiiuLiK £u> "^ell LVi I he ftiRK^u^ WL'ed'> "^fxll cd knap^'CL'd ^ Cl'jiI ju rL"j mjc'ikn^^i S4 JotLrur^x^d 
(HvperKiiin fx^d'or^ii inj^ dnd oiE^yc daciy IChiy^ru hcnu rii kiJCLUil hE^rniini. T he frcq ueri f1rxid]ig d ml iduru-e jnd good 
|ix^ "QiLif Kju [^cs rnjkc Lilt istiid'> c\4 rrrnelv ^Liix.i:fljMi: [o iav4iuvi: |^^aK's. Ex^ [KMded 

ciVA'hjid*^ C Nfiilix h nl^ acrMnd Eun^pc^n ^tiriio^ L 3 ■iniui vu Igtirisj , ]vol:4at}|> LiL^uszchc Uitindii. ExciiK. ftsti 
"f uch tis bnlltii:^ ure jLso koowi rmm Lin: FLi [i^Md River. 



L> LANDS 

Tlic L^nd^ in I fcci ^ rctrti of rfcc Flii head R ivcr R:pra»enL [ he rcmnjnl ^ oF li nfnnjn coiriJor t hti wia vcr^' lurgc 
tud d 1^ ecHC 4i one Ljui:. Urfun and a^TicLilinmJ drzvekifwkziil on bm [i '>jdL"^ of [ he Ftii hc^id River bjyc re4>i]Jled m 
n u Elf m'> offsce iinpLicI^ wh leti HHkinh cd ly affect [ [lls K^Tie^nf EiLomK Snme iif [ hese off^l e inijx^Js ineLudc 
nucneri kuding l:4^nk ]Kdah]lLly JH.r^L'c^'d ptnl iLuljles ^ludm ebnnclmio* bc4.aus[: of levees dnd tmdge 
apffi^t^lie^ aftd ^ nmnd wdler fx^lJil Km Kun^n' Hiicsedjni in lluesc^ nver Lc^ eL'> Lo ^jnie de]^ree. Kerr Duni keefth 
FLlliead Lal^edl fnJIjxio] for longer chanwcm Id 4<cnrndnQil]y^jnd4.onseqnei]ll> ]xk)l'> "^"ai er up [ he Ftii head 
Rjver kwger tlmn ^vdh Id cecu r nti noilJy as well 



h H^KTj ^ TKJ ^ Needs 

A complete ncu: ions "^ eed Jiventoiy for the Cilands s^onld b^ caiTKd oui 

Mt^ ^^ll Ml ^tHeeps 

Fnillier development on I he Eihnds Hhivld beiegitiied b}' all dppropriid e ^^y e and federjL kiws leLl in^ 4o 

i^d tinds aftd tiLtJvE ie?i Ji ^k<xj[1L1ln^ A no:^Kiv> "^eed nmilL^ng progi^m HhivkJ K'e^LibLi^ed Jor Llie isl:iHt> to 

ddccT uny ■ewoccincKesof no:^Kiv>^?eiis Like leafv ^[inrge IE u phoHnia csuLiiiif [inrpJe Luh^eh nfe 4 L^linj eh 

"^ilLCdnai 



ElEH EHTCtCU tIEFCE !p*fd plmahc n 



Fk^ BP^xuiBS dohniferu foiefl 


G2 


S3S4 




FofPil^ bahainifenj "^p. 1 ^chcK'4l^^u^o^LU^ 
unc^foieH 


GJ'^ 


S3 




£aluex]gucL 


G5 


S4 




Caie^ ri-^JriLi hcrht eim\ ^ e^LU Km 


G5 


S5 




EqEL^tuiii llu^^uck liL rhcx e^ms ^ e^Ll^y Km 


G5 


S."^ 




Com us sencea sliin bltmd 


G4 


ST 





1Q7 



15 Glaciei^VirHtiall Kettle Complex 






T [ll^ sjLl' is ti di^Qsi: (:nin[ik\ of ^ lLx.ij]J}'-formal p:x holc^ 4 h^d Ijl' ticlw«:i] Wjulfjll^ind Krjfl Crn^lL'K Nfivi nflticin 
htii'i: irucnniLL'ru c r^L't^ flo^ mg inLo and ouc iif [ [ic dc|)f?»iK^ [ Hl's^ crcc}; cliLin ncis nmnca 4 [ic p:x holc^ U> one 
uftiHtier t]ftdLl]L'> L'vcnl vdJJy d raji inlo ^V ind EJIJ Ci7i:k Mc:^ ol Llic^' [xIIil^l's pciitubly ha^ l' Ljpprccujhk [k:^ 
ticcinu Li Lon^ jltlimigl] elo "4.^1 cocrs wi:r: ctiki^n 4o VL^nfy Lliis. Ohl' of 4 [ic LargcH pm [loLc> ]■ L he coEnpIt^ t& 
^ lod faJ I CKi:k fi:a. whK.1] ^Lififud^ ^ ■ninberof rjfL' piLnls. Nki^iif ch? kc4[ Ic^ jr: doniinLicd by j sleuli^r srcf^c 
(€tifr\ LK}ocaf]%]J uimnu n Ltv we h j kiwi:r-l> in^ jt^o^ i n iicc ufiLcd by hdaicd salgL' ICjr::^ lu ricitiid) or JifLinJ 
scdgi: IC4iic\ votKunai commiiE ic^ Si^vcr^L iif 4 [ic p:x holc^ jr: doEninLinl by dilichL'u m fDnliLliL'u eti jniod inticcinl 
Nljoc of Lies: CTWiETiu n il ics ajT VCR" d lvcihl" tik hou j li W indfaJI Cn.^!: Fci liaj> [ he g rciiL^ sfccLcs d]VL"rMlv_ T h l^ 
p:xjrFcii haj> lo^^cr t^m-ccaje of Jcndcr wdgc < ban [ he (iicr p:ilioJL"i la ^■cLI £t> a vciy fci^li cover uf Spliia^niim sp. 
on 4 [Le »JLi£ h stJc of Lilt fei CH her L£n::cEii Lif sp[:c Lcs jftL lijde Bu \bcLiJii]\ sj-iH^^: ( Ctire\ ]MJxl]tiLi[riu iniJnd sedge 
( Carc;^ ]■! enorj^ biXHled tkf v's LicHses ^ £ piiail hes ciinaii/c^lYijnLJ h, gre^ suodc^ 4 Droseia ^el^Lici^ aA^ L^'CiifiiJiin 
in undd u [TL CoftdKt]!' J LCTi ]■ Llie p^ bilks [un^nj fcim 20 - JO iS^n aul tlicpH roofed frorn£7-70 Tlie TijxjcEii] 
cofTidor jLon^ Ki;if1 Cieek ii* Llie e^ed '>iJe of [ hc'>jlc LSikminti^zd b> j Cmiairnond's ^ i lk>w comnu n iLy iv h icti iXLiiy 
on Lu^c ciitrUes akin^ I he 4. reek Ttie under-li^ "^tiLC'h l'> ampiised of a low cm'erjg c of vlack^lis uli n e gi;tHse'> ^ud 
lodxs due^n'l miich tiiy orihe[>Turniniiwl'^ wiJkiwcimEnuniLEsdchcril:^ by Hjosrid jL (L9^j. On^Liglilly higher 
^nivftd^iivl L^4 [le aa ive cre^k channeL l'> ti "^irdrnh^nk Ljider ^ ^]iv> jieioajJ coEnrnunjI > The surrou nd ing ufiLaids 
aregi;iftd I id^"^ in Ikiwer L Abies f raMlt^Lin nae^ luKjIish and ^oind flr^cadlLl^ ^ Abie^ grjodu^lLnLoniJ ■■if}jrj| 

fOfUH 

TtiednvLnf fLKlofsai Lliis "dc aie Llie HeaHcmjl Fkxxfinf iL'^ime. [ he depres^Kui jL tindfomis lihI Llie inineial-pixif 

Tworaie pluoi^aie rcHuld I hci SEe^ ginit ru ndew ( [}firseEU itn^ lica> and teg cLu bmcxs> ( Ly'eopcd]!!! ]iiHliii]in>. 
Bn4 h c:ce u r ]■ ^ lod Edl] Cieek fea Ttie ^il e jLho has an nccnTrenee erf a d LiLictiLU ni eomnLinLiy whictiisraje in 
MontB 



Otife Values 



Ttie on Ly tiidn^c likely li 4 [ichc wet hnds b linni lo^ Ttie oaLy e^a]irf iifaszrFed d I he SEe w?re L^Lon^ KiaH Cieek 
w [leiu Lliere were 4 [;iees of Cuo^ J 4 hd le LCjiHJin ^fL-en'^'j uftd "qxiJIed knapweed ^ Cen Liu re j nxicLiLcsa). TliCri: do at 
p::sean> Lliiedl co 4 tie re^ofLliesJe nn]e% [ here is "^.^me dci u rt^cc. 

TJpihsna 

Ttie u pLaiHb inncd^cly suiHHidiig [ he prtliolcs aie inija jnd in gerd eondu K^n Timber hLin'e?t hastxxuned 
ebri^w here ii the diajiaec. sueh as LKJjtiLeni U> K nfc C reck, ^ind Lc^^ry e 4 imb-T kinds }1Ll^v been he^iMly Lo^^ed 
Adjticeri liinds aie "^ LlliJi MaAii^eneri Areu iJ^c-t imb-T btihc wil [mpecEd eonsiderjc Km of wkEe-ldi] deer HvmvKr 
range L USD A I9S53 

T'SFDEM hTWMXElPS 

Wih runherLnverioF^'codo^nment pLaH com mnn J les a^d l^od lis::s^ 4 ke fxllidesin LxJjLiceni sea ion 22 euvkJ be 
ineoqm^led inLo [ h e^ densj: 4.ornpJex uf pd holes 

Manas emehtNeehb 

Aa> foti re [ imbtr bun'ed adjiicenL tD welLind:£ uf E^rjfL Creek shou Id eni|Tti> 'lrean:[sdc rnanageaicH iooe bufTcc 



ica 



BfHlNXOc CURHEHCE lNH>l:nA11D N 



A.\ n u^ hn^.^LL ^h lu bkuil 


G5 


S."^ 


rLlkllL^i niMLh L^Ln^'PikKhtS llLNfKh.^Cra'> VCgdLiCIOI] 


G4Q 


S4 


Cj\rc^ LL^JiN-Lirp^i hi: iti.h.^L^u'^ ^ 0^ dLC ion 


G5 


S."^ 


C\:\rc^ HKJriLi horhtt l^^u*. ^ l^^l^.i Km 


G5 


S5 


Dihkctiiu ni aiu ad 1 JiLK-L'u ni hLNh:b.^Lm'> >v^dLii ion 


GJ"^ 


s: 


Chetj: VL-^ic^iii fcL^rttti^iJU^ ^vgdlic KM! 


G5 


S."^ 


PL".itLilL] 


Z 


z 


DciVicrLi unglKLJ 


G5 


s: 


L>'CD}X]d]in ]iii]clLic u m 


G5 


S] 



ICS 



16 LevLfis Meadow 

Ttic ^il L' El kxtlal Lnltic Si iLl^vUcr VuLIl'> of uifl hwL'Tlcn] MonUna ^txnii ^ rnjk4>{M:4 uf OLncy^ MonlaAJ 

RjCH H ES 

TtLOf w« luod^ uccir in J smc> of gLicualLy SLOU R:d dcpicHiLc^n'^ in 4 [ic Rc:ck> N^ounl jiji TfL^nch ol nonh'^ed 
MonUriiL Midd Lc FtJit. La/y CiUL't orjginiJi ls in < In: upp^mu»J |>ilidL"jntl fiivA'^ [ h rtJU£ li I fcL" k^hi'LT jxH kilLS- Tlic 
T^^crMJun-c lor L Hl" upp-TjraM piKlu^Lc wi'l cLcjr TIil" di^jMusjon"^ su pfKjn ti diverse ikkilcoI ci*:rgcrH _ *ih ru b, and 
mLi u n: wet ^[incc Fbrr^ u>innLinLl]c^ T he u ppirirxi^ JeprcshHi* i'> Llie dec|h."4 one und ha^ a l^rge wljclt horxtffll 
C EqiETi:^ in f1i]Viii]k Hornmii J > gnin^in^ la mvc ky mhL^ sunou ndcd by a ^Lcnd LTsed^c (Ctire^ Liuiictiqxj) conEnii n rty 
on h]£[L[^r grciomd. On smaJI jxicchL"^ of h i^lier 2 [ii«h1 in [ he "^ai n~ limvimL cornmiiiy dre pix kcl^ iif a^ ncJ "^^d^c 
(Ctirc;^ Lie hciride^j cimETiu n il y ^ d Lveine Hfn]cc^rcd-L>iKr4kigwrxid ^ Picclj np /CiHii us SL^riccLi) fore^ (xcu rs j[ii«hI 
M iddle Fori[ Ltizv C R:ek "Jif hi ly dowKd re^un f n^m 4 [lc preyi[ra'> dcpfc^iLon lI L^dimindcd b> Hffucc in 4 [ic ovci^my 
uftd tikjcrl ALn us ^[1 ?■■ Llie skrnh layer, wil [i l^ djveiw hcrtueeous Liyer Ai tikJcrj-ornmiiEy { A I n us ^p iixeuni 
t]lD[L£ I lie c R:ek. £t^ dcKS ti b.'alLed sed^etCLjreK ■! ric u Ilcmj aiinnu aily. AdjLKenL 4o I he hi: jkcd »:Jge (^ranniiiy o* 
sl]gh Ly hi^tier grou nd b iDi^re nLznder "^ge LomnLinLly. Ltvi Ly lji u ndc^K^TiK^d Hff uce (.oinnLiaLly (xeLiE> on ^^ncwlia 
h iglier £[ii«ftd LliLjn I he fffev LOUS spncc amniu n il y This Lil er coairnnnjl > htts l^ lijgher eovci^i^e of Lirger d uaieicr 
spruce Ji Llie ij^ eK<ory_ jnd < lie lie jttH.e<^us J jj^t is dom i naed by Mifl-Jenved sedge tCure^ dthpcrnuj und hujiclibi[:iT> 
( Corns ii^LiiLidcKSbj Luid Llie ground b n^re lnjii^ivx-Ly A^Zi^icl^ecJ spc4.jes dre ^iJder-kzLiv^d bu4.l:l hiini ( R h^uniis 
tJ[iLFblLa>, fickJ l]nr«z4ml LHqu Utet u rn mvcKse ^ Buckler feru L Dryiifl ens en^dlLJJjLyer- Lcdf ^ ml er^reci ( Fyiula 
tisjnrolijj , rcdiop L A^ [ivl IS ^ok^jferjj^ 4ind nins^ N:x j|] cd~ I he well jnd cornmiiJl lcs a LewL^ MeiJikiw wcfc 
viidcd.The upland L^ppe^rMobc rncKll> giaMl I ic^tE^id liJy L AbK^ f r^ud liAZ IjHuau u n iJlora^ foied 

Tlic civjnniineiiLLiI fLidocH Lli Lie hj>'c pb>al [lie bj^efl cuk of :dTud nnig Llie pLioL (.cunnnaLljeis di [ h Ui firlc aic 
tlic gcomorpfciil:)£> Ljad I he h^'didngy. 

Rarhv 



T^'oraj? piLjni pofvttkua^ L3rr fnnud st Lewis ^leadi^w Bk kler feru | DryofHens CTL44it:j| Eud spnTied ^enrun 
C Hutcaia dcf1exa>. 

Or III V^LIFJ 



Tlicic LOfenn evHlenl cirrenl bnduscsii Lewis Me4idnw Sevcrdl emetics iiccnr in Le^ ls Meiflow. inelnd in^ CuniAda 
Ll]]4 Ic (€ iiM u rn lon'easL: Mnd leed (.L^niofygiaHS L FliLJlans lonindiftiiee^jj^ wliic h dre adahlblial in ntiiy cimniu n iLy 
LyiLCi Reed eL^n^Liyg ra»> fx:n:?i I he gr^ e^ fxleni iliM liie^i lothesile. 

Upl h \ n e 

me Lifilaods ^"cie lieavily krggcd la I he [^td . dnd 4 lie »e4.ond gnnvtli has b^en dlmoi oi^rnj^eLy k^cd En irces! 
ycjr^ Tlie wcl !iprw.e fonH s tl I he sie ^^ere m^ ki^jcd leccnily htj^^ei er_ tind tkius a bu ffcr bcJ weei Llie 
"^dliiod jnd li4iT>efled npkiftds. 

iNFORrnATioHNri ue 

More in loruxii HI* ls needed on 4 lie in Fluekce of jx'ri bK^LJ^ erda iv ity on 4 kese ^^ et bnds InLxJdiikU] Lonipletc 

IkiCH le JivenLoiy El needed for LewEi N^e^idivA' d u nn^ I he eLJcly suinner js i gixid fxleni iljL hjbilJl fin" j ■■nbLzr of 

r^ue plijois Lodly "^dtiid [ikini cornrninHy JiforuiLJion Eiieeded forike welljndsiaTJ2NR2]W See I5SE]^4NI]^4 

aHl£ccl4NWi^4S'^IV4 

lAw ^GrEklrENT Needs 



IIQ 



BfniNXO C E UftnEHC E InH> KM AUD N 



P H-C-.L *ifi''a^rn u^ ^isknifL^n fiMurf 


G1 


S3S4 




C\:\rc^ Li^JiXLirjxi fcL^rtucctJU^ vvgdLC KHi 


G5 


S.^ 




C'Jizc^ HKJriLi hcrlxtL^Ju*! ^ l'^lU K^n 


G5 


S5 




Lqu i^T u ni fli^ t:y lie hcrkx l^^u^ ^ L'^Li^y ua 


G5 


S.^ 




Cun:x 4itl]i:[iiJ[^ [icTtuLCOLis vt^dolKi* 


G5 


S5 





111 



17 MccabeMeadowCcxnplex 

Ldcatmh 

T [ll^ sjLl' is J nilc^ noitl] of OLncy^ NfiifllmLL 

Rich h ^as 

McCtibe Mci^iiw ls (.cunpivtcd of dcpfn^fiioii'i ua I wn ^LiciLiccJ bcEU-liL^^ con nc4.Lcd tn"^ rfjci: and pcx^h^bly ^ronnd^vUcr 

rkiw inch? Riic ky Nfii«riaji T RMictL TLl' wdLind*^ oa LIil' ■pfh.T b.'ru.l] arc fed by f ir4 ocJlt ^1 rcmns likJ pn^lxihly 

2 RivftdwLiicr ^nd 4 hi:}' d rjLH inco 4 [ic "^d Lii]d'> on 4 hL' k^h^'cr Vnch TIil' bwi^r pcoJ ls prc^lonuiL^nL ly a ItirgL'SL'd^c 

mHidm^ dunindcd b> Jskndi^r'tcdgtlCjici LsiLcx'dr^JcorniniiEy A l:og bir^li/licukcd wdgi: L Bl^ihIj gLuidnkvwi^ajcT 

uL ricitiid? shrub cornmLiiiy jnd 4i hciokizd snlgi: cornmiiil > Jrici^ radLMo lorn j Ij^^ iif "Emid " Lli:^ ni^ LIil' kv^'i^r 

[AxA Juki tilxivcchc k^'cr wdLind b la sfniccMiiikc^bb^i: 4 PcL^a ^p^L^'sichil lieti jmi^ru^^n u m ? for« \ bciud hLouc 

"Mill d lITuhc s«if£iLC Wy^ i:xmnccL'> [ he upper and kin^crlcTniccs, und I hci iinzms covcmj ^iLliai u n u^ual ^'oicrn 

i^'^l ^.L^darVkniilji^itTtu^c (Thija pi inlaVL^'stLl] J Lirn 4irnL'rK jaiiETi) f^ ccwiEnunLly wkK.'h h^thi^ b.'ci d ex. Tilled for 

MonLjQj. TliL" upj>_T LL^rrxL" IS dominai cd bj" ti-^rjL"^ of dcpfcsiions whtli *iu ppiJrt JDijmpk^x cariy tfjI 4.™ijfcr 

cimETiunily Tlii^n: jr: htjII l'kJ >X7U el^ sff ucl' ccdLir. kxJ^ qx^L' pine C Pijius (.lUikifld)^ ^ind aJdi^r. and [ he undcr^ofy 

Ls doETiiiiLiccd by dni^Luic of cailajl LT> [iha LJ lIoLilaj aul bcdkcJ "^^d^^: ^isQ "VdlLi^Kd on 4 [ic u fifcrlcn^icc 

i^d tinds uiL' smjl] pcJt-lic^ iif wdter horsrJdi] C EqiKCI Liai flnviiiik) one of wh icti is d r> in^ ii«l . as "^cll l£i j 

£tb aUrr L ALn u*^ V I rfJ 1*^ shp siiiuLicti> (.omnLiaLty. The upload isu we^en] red i:r4liir^l:c4id ljl> LTtrnja 

plkdBATIiBLufltLi LiailkiQil coainiui]J> 

Kei & V iko hw Ewa l Fm: toh^ 

The h>'d[i4:^]i> Lind gc^mu^hoLo^ydR: pciitubly [ he Lwo duninmi fticLorf » nd UTing [iLiri coEnrnniul lcs ti IhL'sUL' 
TEieie air none old bciiver-c hewed 4 rces d Ihesue. bui ftiidaMiJod hl^lhttemiI be4i¥cr act jv j^ _ s:) wlijle Ixuvers [nay 
have hcea impoftdnL inltic [^td . [ hey are curreri Ly dliH^ni fioEn cheque Sjvuee soags aul you n^ con ifcr 
re^cELCiLd Lon in I he wetland JuliLLice akcniuc ing [iL^h jnd Vj^ ^Uer kvels ^ piiHsibLy js^^iticd ^ lLIi beuvci">, [ h ls 
CTumple shoft-s htJT^ liydnjLc^ycjndetcnnincche [xieni uL ve^rtsy Km cxmimmiJl y_ 

RAtnv 

One cure pLiri . !ipn rred geni iLin THaJen la deFtiu^ e kHt^'ii eo iiceir st tliis silc. Tlierr ure sdw t^vo rirr roi«ed 

i^-cttind (^DinnnnLi le^ a ^'pruce^nnlxabtugc and ^"Cficn] red ccdiiiMzu nlzcjblH^ CDmntmay. 

Otiee Values 



Co tf in now 

NDcniEit Lud u'^:^ were evideni dinig tlie sjlc vutir There aie R:Ld]vely fe^ e;ux ii:?i d [ h is ^ite Smjll 

aMionni*^ iif [red e4iD jR'gia^i L Ph jiaris ariftdinaceu) aftd Cdnadj 4 [LL^le ICiCtinni 4ir>eKHC^ jpp^ inviidLn^osc 

small [kxjI 4 hai 's diying on4 

Ttie ad^krenl 4 Lie land^ arc maui^ed for tinbcr pindiiiiT irm. 

InformatiohNi I n^ 

A liydn^^eokigE "dndy isieeded Eorl Ills und iidjicent wetlunds [o better nidcBdaad gEDiftdwixer fbwpiitlis aAd 

ai|iifer Inc^ KJn^ 

MANAGEMENTNFEnS 



An> fucu r: [ imbLT htiR'e^ near Lliis sjl e needs l:c nin imin "d re^unhLde nunLigemenl ;xme buffers 

ElETJ ENTOc EURREHCE [": hC^Rbl ^THN 



PiLe;L sri-'K siL h Nil* LineriLaiin fom 


G2 


SI 


Aln us ^ indb. "^.p m n uLia sh nibtiAd 


G5 


S5 


|je[ubsl.fcn^hll■'^.VLLLn:^ uL ncnLJa sh niblaHl 


GX" 


S4 


Cj\rc\ Le^i \. I.I.I ^ li^.kccDis ve^d KM 


G5 


£5 


t\ire\ HKJriLi herhtt e^jus ^ eiicU kun 


G5 


S5 


h(j u i^T u ni t li^ lU lie herk'iLe^ms vecdatnn 


G5 


S5 


TtLn|apllLtiLLV1^'SlLhlLun1Ll■>eJ1C^I]I^ Fbtnt 


G40 


S2 



112 



18 Mudl^ke 

L4]C \ I K>N 

Mud Liikc L'> kKii cd scvcn^L nLk's ftiHll] of Lin: Swdn River ukd nort [lcli4 of GjgforiE. MonLL^ruL NOTE Tliis l'> a pnv^ ■: 
i^ettind jnd ]jndc:n> n{:r pcmii'Sttim is needed li> ticecu> Lliis "^1 e 

RjCHHEB 

Mud Ldke Ijes on I he e^idcrn ed^e l^ I lie FiLlliakf ViilleyolChe R'^t iiTlhc S^nnKdn^e The til^e "^tiLeh htis3 Ln1e{ 
ercc)L'> and one ouLJel [ hti diajKS li> [ he houI h^ hjs deep dep::«ils ol ne^J LrnenL'> and or^n ic det nlns. Twcuif 4 [le kpfy 
f md]enL cirek.^ f]i>w injlchciionh endiif chc ljt[e.Tlie> jrepjnuLly bLccked b}' bc4n'er dtiMb. whEh havefnnned 
aicUcnsivc nd wort^ iif sauolL slLlLi£[l^. ^irou nd wliic h d Lo^c \xj^ hin. h ^ Bd iti nan jJ e4iTr tud wd '>pTijee IPlcdii "^1 
riHUH [l4|^'c forvKd. \^wl LELie hiK 4i aaiRVA' jxiehy litinl^ein bu Injsh {SLirpu*^ acui u*^? cornmiiil > ]■ Llie sLilkvA' woler 
ncdr '>l]nic^ ni]g]ig Llie deeper Liquai K. pLjri comrniiil> Mc:^ of Llie Like u>dorn]ftiie<J b}' [ he tu|«JliL ptint 
"^^er^tiLckJ LBi^isen] J slI] reh:nj^ wliL^te le'jve'> tiftd Roh^'eiy nixi Li kc ^vUer libes Q her fkxii lo^- Leaver! aL[Q£tE'i 
ineLude bRxid-Lcived jymd^'ced IRxtmLo^eton ftJlJn^)^ WLler l]l> LNuphaj viiriegdliiint jod ^vUere rowfcxiJ ( RtiiiH. u In^ 
tii|«iijlLS) Suhiner^ ed Lk^iJLX ii:?i gn:n^ LUf in I he til^e jh. Inde tu^e-Je^ived piiwlweeJ ( PaLimogaon L^n1pJlfo]lu^J^ 4.oniinii* 
bLxJdep^'on (LNrtLnLinayulg^rEiJ^jnd eel-grjHfi piiwlweed ^ EMunici^clon /(:«eifomu>? Ai IhenoUhcnd of Ihe tiie 
on u flrxljng ^u b^i^le [ here is J '>iixiJI "^^er lim^aaiL lEq u Utetn m Hnv l:1 ilej ecwiEnu n il y. Tlie jxiorly d n^i ncd nrabi 
d the HHth eul "^u pfx^rt LJ skiider "^xJ^e C Carc\ liKiccarp^U 4.c^innu n iLy i n 4 he well er. niore anL^robic Ljrei^. 
typKsHy leiorer Lo 4 [le Like. A hii^ buLh cdrr c:c4. u r^ uciivftd Llie nhvA niin Ji^ eree)L'> £lm1 bcj>er ^k^ugl]'> h^ here [ he 
^u beside L'f^Ligl]ll> l:otLer cuiyf eftiied Alxig bic^ hAtknder sedge ^ Bd iti naiiL^jre:^ tihtKurpuJ eoEnmn n il y forms 
ai cearme l]otween 4 ke sLcKJer scd^c eonniu n il y n^ed jb^nvc a^d a larger beg birLh/lre^iked salge (BetnLi LuaiU jrex 
uLneitiidJ coEnmiiil > Tn^es iif kc^oy wjlk:n^ LSjLii^cjndiduJoxurLhrou^hlket-jrr L^nd 4 he bKJ^ hjrek/slender 
sedge 4.cunnnnLly kjsakejv> hihi eover bek>w [ he deksi: huhI of sJender sedge Ai d sliglil ]y h iglier ]xk>jI ion 4 kan 
Llie c^iJT Ls ai ciJeisive spraLc^sku n kcjblxT^e C Pieea sj\^L>yich iLon aiiKnejnnjn} 4.oininu nu Sptnce fiicms a sparse 
overlofy dilxn'e a d]vers[: sh nib Liycr whickis«^4kmLnded b> any jxiil lei Lush rub sf>[x les Bl^ bir^liand 
akJer-kL^'ed buellkorKRhaMinusdliufoliii^areconiimi* The herttieecns b>er d Di^mjxised id d divert L£«=nbk]ge of 
f RiminiiKJs. fems tiftd lortis. CoEnnHin spcj. les inclwle he^iked si^dge. sknnkeabboge eot:£Rxx 4 PeJdKil es ^^icti us^ 
maEsh einqncfoi] C CoETuniin pulu^rei d^^uf led blLx.kh:rn' ^ K nbus pnl^e^rens^ aAd bu nchbtrry (Corns eaiiLKJeiisbj \ 
spruLe-'HekJ Iil^i^^uI l P H.en^LjiJ brd in LirL en'^'j awinu n iLy (x.c u rs l^ a tund db^iivc Llie sfnieeMiiih-L^bl^ 
ondsli^hL bre^ik ii][hesk^j>.'.Lihi>^e whith blhe^mnd fii7'b.';idJiLy4Abiesgi;iftdh^lLn£onmui]jnimiiupkiftd 
N[:jr tlie JikJ eieek on I he e^m stJe of Llie Like ]s a hrge » rejEnbtJik akjer { A Inus Lne4iDJJ cimniu n il y^ ^ h ick 
Lyp]c:alLy ixeir in hell er LEi^led »:)ils LliLin K^ bin.}] (.L^innu niL les ThisLi^^nuniLy kjs a kirge reed CLinaiy^ ra^ 
( PhatiiLS ELTU nd iiiLiPLe^i} 4.cun|Hi*enL. Tlieci' is ljL^^ nic^re spnteAku ntx-L^bb^ige ^.LunnnnLly tear [ h ls creek on Lhe wet [c^y 
rkod pk]in s^ubi Tke kike wdlersliLiJ apHiif ^ CiC^andarelLiciveLy k^weowlKUviyiif LWuS/cn 

Kf\ ^vhonieent^i Fie tots 

Tke hy'dcuku^ nflkesileand ils tindseafepcihcioiiaje [yrt]\ ^ eiy imponari ]i] cf nv in^ 4 kc [oneni of pLaH 

eonmu nUes 4i [ he sile. T he jxioriy drjined "frills sum^u nd in^ Mmd Lake 4ind sLi]k>w kike wolers ilntif [ kc eiwimu n it]cs 

"^ kieh aie I yptmLly fiivftdJ suck sjles^ wjl k I he e^eejl xi* oM ke woleEshEkl cimniu n il y^ wliic h Cirjre Ji 

MontuBO. 

PARny 

1 ke ^ k^lxiLLy rjre spruc^i^u nk c^Lhk^e ciwini u n il y thti iioriis £y Mud E-jke ls tii cilensi^e cxcu rrence Ji f axJ 

ciiftdiKjn Thereurejkioj larepLinl (Kj-urrenees J LlesKe ^iiei\hieLd kidney-kiived vujIeHVioLi 

rruifbliuj. and B uekkr fen ( [>iyoflerEi ercttitik K idue>-kaved violet d found inimiH^ULL nfcei a»«:cEii ed 

"^ Lll] openings in kpfy li> nud ekvLi ion wet sprw.e fore^ s. Buekkifcm Lsoflen fi^nd ^civ^'Jig on hinnu<ksinshnb 

cdrPior^'d spruce fields ol k:9. 1 l? nud ele^'Lic ion 

Qtbte Values 

Dnnig Llie see VLSJl . we obM^Tved puinicd tun les a etin sjKeES, cspfc> . a sjkdhilL e rane. aAd a snaiL species. 

Aecoidin^ to Gael B L'seLI of MTFWP , I he welLinds sunou nd ing Mud L^^kearc impiifldnl £n/./Ly hear spring and fait 

hahHEy 

C&MnriBH 

The ^f E u popvtu kicdL pike fcikciy Tn add i inn , The ^ rr^ffilxuk akjcr4ind pifit ofe he "gimee/skunkji^hlxd^c 

cunmunily pmbubly recejve ixc4isHmiil Livcicck u*^' Tkeie are sniiiJI con4.en£ ry uns of lediop 4 A^ rh ls 

<oki*ife[u^ Can:yf a I hci le iCjisjin LiTL-en'Q.'j and 4 irnc4 hy ( Ph leu ni prjccKse? ji llie spf uc^^f leld hHsetiiil 

ccMiffiu n ily^ nxid Ly in areas where HUffK kx^dljzed d l4 nrfaunce Lis u^eu rred i pRibjhJy an^xiJled v^Jlh ptui k^^^in^j 

113 



cdntin'^noHh fonvi 4i to^c conpjELcnl of Lht ikdi^rHor^ ?\\t t]i ml induced rEi[L'>]>XK!s is found Ji Mud Ldkc 

L>LAnD5 

Alxiui hjlfi>f4[LC LipLmdh jnEncJcii dIv udjjccnl Lo 4 he ^il ■: Live bc^zn t.lL'iarfd nf fnid cuvcr^nd ^.cmvi^dcd co Liy 
pud LifL' 4ind grj/ii^ k^nd*^ "^bik' jial]LTplLiPLL"^4[L{: fiifc^ th n^.hnti^L'd forlirnlierpnidKlKKL Hl'^u y ^LiruK iif 
Cuo^Li 4 [lKJl' tiftd sc^I^ziuJ bu IJ L h i4 Lc (C iiyiuin vu IgtiD-'^ind liinj nd^iiigii: (CyftiigkiHiU ai offlcinak ? cdn he 
Fbvftd in »Li[nc nh hi: gn/cd jndjbr kiggcd jR:Lic^ AimntiLTof [Luus[:^htivL' th.'cnhuiJl L^[ii«ftd Mud E-4ikc.lhi:]rK]lE 
'^'4i:nL'> Lould p::^^ lj I hrc£y LoMud Ltikc in 4 hL' ful ir.' 

IhformatiphNeeub 

A uxifc LliniDUf h HondE !iu PfCV of [ he wc4 '>pTUCD fnm^ jnd hog biKhcdrr J rht uifl h cul oF Mud L4ik?is 
ncfdcd ^ js [ he "nrF^v pirlomcd durjig mv^iLt vbil wj^cunor^' Thi:»de LomIs Lxljticcai Lo Llii: pnvLicc bod^ 
n«d 4o Ic kxilifd iit , too. 

Mi's^gehe^tWeeps 

Pi^rvxJLC rni>ii]lonn£ nf rht mdcjnLin'gi3Hh4jnd^inlht ^IdrrciwiEnunily u> occdcd co dcttmin? if i d 

"^pr^LipJin^ |[ couLf [him: a cli r^Lii 4o I hL' 4.tLrT4.orniniiE ic^ jf iL £c4s ddnnl LliL^fL' Cii*lndol I his '>j>.'ce'> ls 

difrEuH jod L'^fcnsivc C ^pfclbuuin t]ftd Sjms L^Tj I n 4idd J Lcm. ai inLc^mlcd ^"ozd nujijgcnicri pljn EiiiL^olfd fnr 

Eomt nfltic WDcJ p^pu iLic ions in 4 [ic u pLmds LipJjLKL'oi lo N^nd L4ikc 



Kl > II I ^T Oc CUKREHCE [": FDRM ^TVIN 



P H.L\L sri-'i-^J u t^T u m jn i: nsL" fraM 


G4. 


SJ 


P h.LM sri''l^ sh. h ili4 Lii>L:riLLLiin fom 


G2 


S2 


M n us incLirLL sh m bLud 


G5 


S5 


Bet u ki s l.hnd u kx^k'LLLiui uLticliLJu bh nibLoHl 


G-r 


S4 


C\:\rc\ Lisii N.Lirrxi hLNti.L^L^us vcE^:^ idh 


G5 


S5 


t\in:\ HKlriLi hcrhttL^Jus ^ l^cU Km 


G5 


S5 


Sl I rpus .t ■! us JiL'rtuc'L^jus \ ^zsLiti urn 


G5 


S5 


l^ui^Tum tli^Lyilc hcitucfOQSi vt^datna 


G5 


S5 


Bet u Ili sJ jnd u kxi.VLLLi7\ laiici:uiT:a shniblaHl 


G4 


S4 


BjitSL^ 115 M. h reK^n 


G5 


S2 


DrvttTttns c ndati 


G5 


S2 



114 



19 Napa C iBek Fen 



Niipu Creek Ftn is ^ il hia I he S^^^u] R ivlt S4^ l' Fon^4 tiul Sw ja VulLcy of ^"aicn] Mooituj ] nilcs { ] 6 kn) "^rml hc^id 
of tkt Lowi] of Sw^a L^jkc. Tlii: fci CKornpLfKcs u M."^ rnL'ru iif Nl^P^j Crci:k, u I ribi]l4ir> of Iht S^^^ii River 

RjCHHES 

MijxjCrL'cl: \cn LSdslopr p^jtlund kcLit«f on fbciol n:?Dii]i: miKriiJ on 4 [lc cxl side ol lhi:£'^'ai] Viilli:}-. T h? 
"^^ i:r soniTi: fori [ic fL^n biTxri likcJy^^rnL' combi^HM of gi^mnd Liod nvrluc^: "^"^ i:r fcim Ntipj C rcL'k Diffusa flow 
riom LliL' ccnrk t][ip[: jc> Lo cil i:r I hi: fL'n ii* Llic c^ "^L'iif 4[lc pcjiLind "^[icrc Jl LliL^a liJis d lopj^rjph ic d]vklF 
inltic nuddJL' of [ h? kii^Lidsuh^\[Lici]ll> Heine's ftHflh^ud^^uLli.TliciiL^li [L4i]fiif [hc^ilL'EiCornjxvtJ.'^J l^Tci^ 
cdrr^dnd wet spruce amm u n iLjls ^ h i]l' 4 [le »:)U[1] haJf Ei ikminJed b> Lmcrv!s of h.'avi^r fx^nd*^ ^^ jl [i iOiir^h 
vcgctLic ion. T ht fei inltie f>[Mitijnd ol [ h? nonh L^nd d d skndi^r "^rJ^L' ^ Caiui lL£iLCK'4iT^i cornmiinLiy Vrki^k l^i 
doETUulcd hv sLcEuli^r scd^c tiod LJL4:)biKBu^l:4J■nys:dgL'4CJ^^^ biii^buuiniL)^ y tJk>w scdgi: {C4IKX ftivL^j^ inLiul '^.'^J^c 
(Ctirc;^ ]■! tnorj^ skndLT spjkL'rvtti L^^LciicliLArEi I L'n u Ls? ^ r^L^a )j:c]L'd ^.aioi^rjK IE riophoniEn vrndE jnoLii inj^ 
mjEsk mulily ( Ntu [iLcitTcr^ Lu ^ lomi^rLiid^ ^ind K^lin^ lubriiu (Lol:eLm k^Lmjij TliL'pH htK ls7 4 ^od IhE^conduclLvity 
Ls46[Ji]S/cn ThEi4.orniniiE>. whiLh Lsonj ]-2^^ skrft htistipcii dcfH [i of Wc m - l2C!tn U g r^kf l'sioio j hiig 
biKh^tlcftdDr Hcd^c ( Bc4 LiLi nt]ftii^4iKX LsiLcx'dr^? cxmunin J > . wh^h htis fmrly of>[:i f rowi Ix:^ hirch jvcrj^inf jbouL 
IJ>n I jIJ on J fh.'^l svhiJrilL' ] 4{!cai 4 [iLck ^djJC'L^nl Lo 4 [its ll^ct and ncL^rL"4 LlH [i^: d ifl isi: flivA'ol h^ifuCrc^k Lsa 
■^pruLLVrad-tKiLT dc^T^xxxJ L Pk-ki sp ^CoFMS hcfkl".! ^ fiHH^ Vrki^'k Ls T^cH<:r< fc jn < Ik: avL'Rigc lxx-uitlticc ol Lliis 
type For t^mnpk^ LhD [icTtucnjLis Liycr L^ 4k)nii]LiccJ by hcukL'^l s^dgi: LCarrx ri FKuLmj tud "^mjlJ Irujlcd nsk 
( S^LF|w> rnEHX^drpusj This comrnuii]! > mjgh "^iLI be rcsfx^nd ing co I Ll' [ll^ h wljcci of [lie pi^v jjus vl^^j Thc^^uLli 
half of Llie wd Load litsi uxife JOiirsti chtini:! lt. 4ii]d l^ 4.ornpiVted iif a wncs iif Ix jvcrdiiras ovcr^ rowi by4iklLTtiad Kd 
CKier dci^'^xxxJ Ttie dams jre iriacL hnL [ heiris on ly ooc b^ickiiig u p ^Ucrlo fbm d snalL pond wihlticaJgac 
Clmcusp 4.o^'enn£ I he hutloETL GL'ukcd s[:dge LCi^rex ul CKnLiL^) cimaiu n Hits pcedomiute heh ind 4 [ic daMis. wu h cne 
uwnnJ scdf c (Ctiie\ a hciridcs) commnnjl > <Di h i^licr h u rnimic L*^ la I he hc^iki^d s[:dge commiiiy jre ^LicLeced JejJ L^ldcr, 
"^pnu-e.^ind [^ifer biirh. ind Lc^y in^ ]x^ WLiccr Level flucl ulxifts. BckiwLlieiiri bc4i>'cr d^iMijnd on d ner "fLngcni" 
"kicking ou[ inio I he nmiHl] ls ni^re 4 > picdl spncc^ced iVticr dogh^txiJ cimaiu n il y 

Key Env iflo n m EH'm _ Fa c tp rs 

ThAi [L^dniEO^ Ld I [le SLie jod bdver uctiv Lty an [ be dcHiiDaiit &aoi2>thdt £lTH:t[iFC I be pLaH nvEnEnni itiSk si this 

Ete 

RjMirTf 

No larc pi jnL (x:c Lirrcn4.cs Lire kru^wi I nun Lliis "^1 e ljIHil^^I] 4 lie fen ^^tinld "^^em to Ix ^eod ImbitLic forjiintErof 

[XJlLind- rc^TicccJ s^xxjcs kfti>wn fnun ncddny sjics. Tlie ]x^ bireli^tkndcr "^^d^c eomnu n ily ls rjre la Mii*4anLJ 

Other Values 

Ec£iver aJ IV ily J L h is "^il e h j^ incrc^tsed h jbil Jl d nvrJ > by cmy km of a scries oF ncdjc Til led n:aj\hcs. slinh 
cox'ered bcjvcr 4ljrns jnd pii»ds ^^ h icli Lire f iJLd smict ijncs f^jrctcni heiiv er ail iviLy ft^tsobwn-cd lH lie silc. a»d 
T^^crlevcfci K^hind (lie dsunsiveie kvw. Llie nurslies seemKi <o h: gojig Lliiou^li \i diy pfcjs.^ as >xju n^ sftnce and 
puper h]reli were spnmtJig t1 1 he Ikkcs of iiUer Jc^iJ Liecs ^loiv ing oa ImmnLclLS in 4 lie ni^irsh. killed dnrin^ an 
cpcftxle of higl] wjler. 

T lie on Ly kindnse 4 liai probably c:c4. u rs l1 [ h ls site is linnLiig Thbjx'^Ljftd Lsin good eowfi ion "^iLli no^ands 
ol reed mi jr>^ [;l^^ C PIulLiti'^ am nd inLiLca} and only afe^ HLticcrcd hnJIIhcileLCjraninyulgare^and nilLeia 
C Vertu^LiETi I liafbBS) in inedncrpaH oi tlic slander scd^e eomnuaity. 

TJH-^HD5 

The tiAdscafE tinnjnd [ h 1*^ pi^LiJjnd hjs e:^]>.'nenced lieavy I lailvr luuve^ . aid [ here are auEnen^u't fiifc^ nuJsand 
skid [Rills. However mm oflhefoiefl jnEnedcii ely su nonndiig Llic poai tiid LsinLai^J Nceond ^rowLli ^oind 
I iL^lxaJ Lily ( AbKS f und L'JCbiLfnEi LiaLFlora) and wntem rrd ccdaiTlieadliLy rfh uja plEdti^liaioaia u n iflDia) 

lUfCH 



115 



IhformatiphNecde 

Tbc flaw pcJ [i nf wacr [ h n^u^ti I liL' sec ncL'd'^ co he con rLruinl TliiS'^x^uld [iclp cipfeiJi "^ [id htr chtiigL's la I hi: woli^r 
^)u rLL' }iLJV{: d rKd u p 4 Ll' Ix^vcr powls or lF I hL' dr^jig I'tcmi^Ed byMmltiLn^ i^Lm:. such tis ubcri^iiirc of ]>^vi:r Ln 
nminLma Lht diiiDS. 

]^kiftH4iL in^LNiLL^i^ K^ Ihbscc htish^cn EJitIv [hociivgh.dllhiivghLliL'rL'EiLjpiiHhibLc^jipu'^pLiniiJiscicciirTrnct 
hcrclhjl [uL^rux hdra con rirmcd. An > f uLuiu Ljnbi[:r hjrFCd in [ he vicin il y sliould cnpLoy dpprofindlL' 4 crioMbLdc 
rnLjn^L'nicoi zuoc bu rftE> tircund [ he ^'cttind. 



BfnENTO" CI 1 P.F^CF h FOF>[ VTin% 



Pjlc-.l *ifi''a^rn u^ ^ijkTiifLN;i fiMurf 


G2 


S3£4 




Bctukigl.fcniluk'^L'LLLn:^ uLiiLukiLL^hiubLLMl 


G4'^ 


S4 




CliFl^k LL^im-Lirjiti hLNti^^L^u^ ^ o^dLC kU] 


G3 


S."^ 




Cjfl'k HKJriLi hcrhxccju*! ^ l'^lU Km 


G5 


S5 




CjFl'K JIIil'CIIJlS [iCTtULCOLlS Vi^^ddlKl* 


G3 


S."^ 




Pfdtuid 


Z 


z 





IIG 



20 Norlh Sanko Creek Fai 

Ldcatmh 

NLiFlh Siin ko C rfck Fm Lskx.:^«J mchc Sjlisti M[njiil4iii]'> of non h'^edcm \^i*4ai]j. L^ iniLdL24)jnj wi^4 ofLln^kv^i] 

ol WtiLicfistL Sunlx^ Creek L^ 4i [ nbuitin' of Lo£^ CKfk wliic h nc>w'> inLn TuJI> LtiliL' aod 4 [le Si iLI^Uer River. 

RjCHHES 

NLinfc Sjn k(j C rcL't Fl'ji f«i u cvs < ^t^ t>^ fcind eutj^ one i^EL-^maLI p:jnd_ [-Z tK rrs (0 4-0 S h2i)i\\ y /j tincf up co ^4 
m deL'fi. and ^Linniiiidc^ h}' a fh^y in^ li> lih. hi^r^d or^on ic ni^y LiulLi'^eJ rnc^tdi^ T he ^Iilt "^d tind i*^ a ru^n b- vnLh 
orKrii^d fL'a jb<)uL 6 a[:ics l2 4 ha? la [^\£eri Ttie fL^n d nvn^m ruled b> idi^eI ^pnte ( F iccj) fon^4 Wcdern tireh 
( Ldru ixeKJenl jlisj l^ comiDim l^ EidjiheL^nL u pLiKJs. ThL' fL^n bjs j s[:tic?i l^ hnxipJ . ^enl l> '>kifi[L£ I L'n;ieL"^ we h 
inLL'ry^Eiyed ^ilerl cueks lulJ u p^vlLin^ pixiti iif W4itLT Pnimneri VL£x.iljr pLiiiL ^fx'j. il^^ iif [ [le \ci\ include bu^ 
biieh (Be4 liLj 2 1 jod u k:m> "JL^nder ^edge 4 Cjrex Lisior^r^) bcdked "^^d^e^C [iidmljj.dnd nud M-iH^etC ljnLKi> 
T^v Njd [leni Regua "^'omUvi: ptiil s]ioe]fs cx^ciir gnzi^n- keL'Led eiUcon^ r^t^ ( Erxjirfconun vmd nToniLiii] m^ feaj and 
kidney-lmvcd VLolnlVLobreaLfulLa^jdjLiPLL'nt foi«3 EkvLic icui"! of Llii: "kde unge frun 5t]O>5Ce0 f[^et 
Cl32ii-]54Sn|. 

KtV B4V IPLD HH EN~n L F^ C TOE2 



FUtriY 



Or I £E V M 1 F^ 



Ttie ^iti: El nri m jfifcd u^ li d l4 inel mjnagi^rneni jre j on [ he ]^S7 Fldhcid Fm« PLoi rn^fibnl '^'OLild he inelwlcd 
"MLhin MA 12- nftLuiLja jcrios U imbi-T liLin L"^ rL"J ncc icuui? 

L> LANDS 

AdjLiLeri iiind*^ an: "^ LlliJi ^]au^eneii Arcj 15 - L imtxr piud ucl ion 

lHFORMAl»HNEEn9 



Manas EHEFn'NEEiH 
Pfdkuid 



117 



ZL Poifd: Fleasart l=en 

PoiM PLcj^ru EVi i'>k>:4iLiH inLln^Swdn Vulli^y uf oorl hwc^i^n MonL joa, scvci rn]ls>(ll kmi ^uri [i of 4 [ic [c:n^ el of 

RjCHHES 

Pojri PLc4i:uru Fci L'>k>:4ic<J Ji ti'^'cl hfiin inlhi:£'^ai] Viilky tif nod h m l"^ L^m Mi^Unti Thbi v^Lk> ^vi^Hcoumi by 
J la.jL"rM3uniig [ h<: PiL^ritx^L^ru: TliL^hiKiJi LsfrtJ h}' ^iprins"^ wIijl h l^jiLlt LIil" mc on < Ik: <:ii*l_ T he rjuie by wluch 
"^^Dr Imvcs [ he pcJijnd EiftiH well iHlerHaid Siihki? "^"^ lt ^viis hcci FIliwiel^ ho«I [l ohL of LIil' '>jIc LnddLTincd 
cLinncl^flcrjIuiL', l^^^i^.'dc vl^iI Whd her ^cunnd^iicr folki^'s lj juculk] or tikeinLie ]%i h lo Llie nciad^ S'^ai 
R]verisna koowi TIil' wl^i 4.ond il unii hijvc favoi^ Llit devckifWKri ol \i l^CicETH- Lliic k iif^tmic hycrwliich b 
q uukiEL^ ]■ "^^me pliiCL's. T he onl er oJ^c of [lie fci L^nigcd b> jaojx^n WLicr ^one L' mrxic ' j The4idjLKenL ufiLiMl 
liHUH Ei4kmLnt1ed b> wcdern to?h ( Uinx iiccLderiuJcij uul Doii^Las-firlPszudi^sugdaici^icsiji ALon^ 4 b!c cifl 
tud nort [i L'nd iif 4 [ic ^il e El u w« sffnce fofi^H 4.ornpiVtfd of b^ix h sffnce^neld [LO[^L1L^l U Picci^^LiUfn u m urveKHc) 
tud spruLL'^bluejoiiil i\x\j£[;i^?^CPLCi^a'^jLaMia^iT:^isc4iiiLiJcKSbjcu[ririii]i]jlKh. Bck>w [ he I he wet sffncc RifeH 
eoffiEnu n il il:4> L^ 4i shruh Ljrr. Stinth "^eti L£i jider C ^]av> '>pp.J^ bug biirhtBauLi^ljndukiKJj uul Gebb^ w]lk:nv 
(SuIl^ hebbiLjnti> jr: u>in[non jlong [ he mcxicdnd eeuone ^ Lili [ he tid^kxri forL"4 Tlieop^n fca. whicl] iiceiifiLes Lhe 
larger .ULM J clie-Jc tsdi^iinJL^ t>> 4:4lgL"> niH jbly ^iLeidsirsL^l^e i CLire^ I jwntLirjxij Li»d Biihju m^ siJge 
(€tire\ hui^hju ni ij h lihI alier ^ rui^inoLds sulL lL'> shtirj^^ii] bu I lush 4 E<.ji]mjs ^l ui us^ Biowi niuHh<:i£ ^lk^Ii u^ Caaipyl jin^ 
Dreptiincltid us. and Hypiin Ljre cornimi* Ele^'LC ion of [ he fcii l£ 3200 feet 4975 nj 

Key &V iplo hii€hik l F^ c Toaa 

TlicaiHsiJil "^u ppiv of TA'£Ji lt h}' [ he sprins"^ Ol Llie end mdeofLlieylc were enl k^hI co I fci" dn'ckjp[ru:ni of < Iils 
pcjlLind Lis L^re 4 [le (:jLe4in:oi]'> pireni n^ enabi ^ h icti ftntif [ he piotenec of [ he neh fei "t pec il^^ ol [ he "t il e 
(Chmldert aJ l^^i. A fire liidor^'^ndy of nfuiiL^n arL^^^ aod gLieEiJ jxlboli^s in 4 [ic S^viii VaJky uiflclndL'^ Ibjl 
fre^LKZil iicm letliaL 4ind ni^edsevenly fjiL'^ pforniHed dc^ eLopmeni iif open ^ cii^n »lih1s dcuniaai ed by fx^ndeirh:^ pjie 
(Pinns [undcrciK^j elmI "^c^ctu Lir^h ( Ldnx ixeiJciil jlisi prur co 4 [ic ^VL^nL of lire suppre^ion. The nndecdocKS 
of "^cli ^ jnd"^ hiLve b_^i fiLlrtJ wilfcytJunjercr^L^ wluch wi^ld have oonnjlly been < tunned by fjre LEarretL L^^j 
Ai eiuunpt of "^ueti a bn.li Hand ls on 4 [ic cleI side of Lhe ped LohI 

PAFiny 

Pi^ri PLej^ni Tea is a rieh fei aAd su pport^i u ■■nberoT nrr pbri sjveics os '^'cll ls I wn aire or u nccwiEnon pfcuir 
eoffiETiu n il ]l:s. Lrxs[:J's I wayblLKJc C L]pLiri:£ iLCtf IliL)^ J rjre oiuh Ld nccniy here and Lnii*l> a few ex her ckIi fen't 
II MaoiaAJ Cc her cure plaii^ rhut o^eu r here jrr ^ellaw lad > ^^Lippcr (CypnpediLiEn purMn^nnij , HfKirFnv"'! egg 
l»J > ^^Lipp-T (Cypripediu ni p:K->LTJiin|^ pule sed^e (Ctire;^ liv Lda> and b.'^ilLed Hfiks: njsh 4 P le^x h.hnMT»{1 elldla) 
ALIiif [ hcsi: spec le^ are niciM LL^^noaLy fou nd la jx^^ LimIs ciccn jno^ l^ calcLLiUiivs ptirenc iLle jiliLs 4 Cbjdde l1 aL 
199S3 The sprnee/Uuejoini recdgnoHS commnnjl > isunamnion fnmi Low Lo III^ h elevJ Lon*^ la I he noLioiLuas iif MooiaAB 
(Hanv:aa al 19^) Tlie beaked spilj^nj^h eonimnnjl y LSRire in Nf^^aiau. roliiLLnJ lo nort h ^efl em aod 
'^^uLli^'CHCin MoQiaAJ Li olclidi on caLjin ticIl "lUlxlncs. 

Qrirt Values 

TIlls site is eti^StirKd us a Klnjie we4 Liftd u nder [ he eLoHsil leolio* "^ em usnl fof [he hyd rogerumnpli le IHGMj 
apffnxli fof jshc^z^ig "^d Lind fikcLxifts ( Smi h elal l^3i The rn]ieral-Tieh gnmnd woler ls d L^rh^a^ed inlotlic 
peolLind wlien I he gionnd^vUcr inieiHocIs I he Lind su rfLEe Aflcr flnwing [ h n^ugli I he sec J tic wJ er leaver 4 [le 
Kil e eil her ah grou nd'^ai eriif surface ^ilcr Dcsfce Llie pnu: imiy of SLLie RcxiH U^ Ln Foinl PkL££iii fcijlie 
fen's ejrtum and nnlnenL eye Ling fiiclK>ns ^jlL 4ippe4ir lo be inl4ia .judging b> Ihepe^l depihs^aid 
ehjiaaeriHie planL ccunn^u nil les pfesi^il li Lhesile Ei addi ion co we^i land fu nc4 ions Jlie sJe pcox'Kles habcd 
fbf a papnLjJ Lon L^ flieflKS ^ pers oLzii 

Naapfujuri Jjnd u'^is cccir J Llie sjlc , ^ il h Llie ]>n«ihibLe e\ce[i ion iif Linni ing. BecauHe 4 lie fen d ne\£ 4o 5tEic 
RrxKJ 1$ J and offec> a 11:1 . [ ree-tss "^u rtJee il 's also pj»iibJe 4 hai Llie sJc gds "^^me finownabile n^e di nng [ he 
"^ inLer. No exciK. pLaHs wcie otherFed in I Lie fen 

L> LANDS 

LuOggLnf of [ he ad^kxH arearna> affL'cl nuLnenl Jipvis lo Llie nee The pfCri^nce ol I he ^ J e [LLg[LW4i}' and [ he 
[iM\^ rcxid jnniedEii ely »:)uLl] of [ he fen hai e 4 Lie pL^eil cd Lo afTea 4 Lie Liy'd colagy of Lhe site, bui hjvc 

113 



El|l|HifC9tl> lot dCBC SD yti. 



[NFDt?J ^TIQN N^5 



VoFf ulurBHl bryopk^c nom ir sirvcys of ttit hitt Imvc bh^f n 4 [luciivgh Hi^wcvtr. [ heir k> ti nnd to dctrmine 
BDU rcc^ for '>pni]g'i whK.1] fL'oJ Llit fci Eud tn dd imLiJiiL' 4 hL' ni>w [Ed ks for "^^ n~ Iciiv in^ 4 [n: ^ilt CrmUaicd 



Mi^ ^G EH ENT Heeds 

K-luftii^cncri SL^tna^ adjHrcU 4o tlii: fci i]«xl [o IuIj: jn4n a^ou nL pciUciif irm uf Llii: fci'^ hydiolr^y. Fur c:^ jaiplt 
tiiy LJinlxr liL^R'cd ad^ccat tD [ h? kn ^hou Id ol:»rn ■: "d jIl' E< nzLiriL'-jdL' Mint]gi:rni:nL Zo*i: ISMZj bu ITi:ck Thi: 4. u Ivl'c 
und^rctic \v¥\^ miJ Lie 4 [ic »:)uLl] cud of LIil' fci shou kl I>l: 4. kecked 4iDi] mail v fnr blKlLJ^c^ of bdlcr vet rcimi^'cd 
Ifchccilvcn wi:rc [o h: UlxIlliH "^"^ i:r could h^piiwlcd in I hi: L^n for longi^r LliLja nonnLjL "^ [iLch conLd Liven 
dc4 rjnL:ri4i] cf Feci ii* ^r^mi: iif [ he plioiii'^ jl [ he :£il l' 



El T^l r^xOc CUKREHCE [^ I OKM ^TJUN 



P h.L\L \ri'''-^J u p*_T u m .in i: nsL" Tm^ 


G4 


SJ 


P h-LM \p:^ ^LiniLLU [XM l*i Ll\\\ .hJL^n^ilS fOTCM 


GJ 


SJ 


Bctuki^J.indukx^k'LLLk'^ iilnLukiLL^hmbLaHl 


Gjn 


S4 


C\:\rc\ LL^K^-Lirnti fcLNti.fc. Ji^u"- '. L ndL£ irra 


G5 


S5 


LkHH-hLiris ruitLluEL hcrbucfdifii vt^dDtHna 


G'^ 


S[ 


PciiLind 


Z 


z 


Cj\rc\ ll^ Kki 


G5 


S2 


l.lc^ H. hLlfiS RiHtLlun 


G5 


SI 


C\ nil ro:l lu m iupf iFlLjnn 


G5 


S2 


C\ nil roJ lu ni lusif naiiEn 


0405 


S2 


Lirons IrwKlLi 


G5 


Si 



113 



32 SuidayCi^ek Bottom 

|j]c \ I K>^ 

Sniduy Crc^k BiHIOETi El kxi^cd in [he SiuljyCrHkdiLJEm^L'cd'ftiiflli^'CH Nfii*4m]j.alx>i]l 12 nLk's kiiflli^'CH iif 

OLncy^ NfcHUUAJ NOTE Sent of [ h l^i ^il t d rm [inv^ ■: Lind's dnd Lindens ncr [crrnKfiLc^n d iccJfd 4o LiiL^ccHfi I hL"v pon im.^ 

SuidL^> Creek BiHIOEriEidgkicualLyKoiiKddciTfcsiicHmJnflg SindL^y CcrckLliLC hjs th.x'a fLlJcd wjl tuLlnvu] 
rnLiccnjL'>. Bc^vcrjcl Lvil y htis4iDn^ly in HuckcJ Llii: ^"ci Itmd cxmirnin J lcs Lie 4 [lei scc^ whicli d cornjxiftod of wfl 
■^pruLL" foRsi , hog biirfc cjir, fL"n_ £uid EL liirgc w]lkjw «miplt\ Grtjund^^^crand mribcc Fit j^ati f run £ iiodtiy Creek 
doaiJiLli: I he sc?^ h^'drc^logy jod liK"^ifc secfuge cuuld jLho l>e irnpoilJQi la jxjd^ of 4 [ic wd Loid. Tlic ^ ilkiw 
b^lLoin L'>L1 Dnjjnni^nd V wiLkin^/hc^ilLed neil^e ( S jLi^ d minnond uji^arei uLTiculLdd? skru bland wtiLch i*^ doaiinLiccJ by 
D[Uinni:)nd\ wiLkin^ jn Llie shrub layer Liod h}' beaked ^^ge in I he heitucmvs Ijycr. T h? 1 2C> L-IOlhi Llijc k ^»:)i] 
honircuion wli h. h 4 [lei ^.ornjniiEy sc^ ind icjles 4 hai "^xJ imerus firmi [ [ic: u pLiruls liavc Ixen gell log depL^il ed by 
rep^ed nixxls lor q u iLe hovk [ ime T he "^"Eii er Ublc Jlucl u Ja> "Mill [ hcvjh^^ ^ud huhlli^ pres:n4.e-^Litheiics: oF 
bc4iyL'r a£[ IV J > Tlie wiLkn^cominiiEy isLice^l wjl li hiiLk "t kragli's ^^ Iijl h gel Li^ifli/e^l hy bcjkcJ ^^d^^ d u nn^ dT> 
pcmiJ'K ^djiiccnl Lo 4 [ic "^ lI}ow (^ranniiaLly El a hcaked s[:dge coairnun J > . wliic h n::^]}' cxx u d ]■ "^dccr 4ii^hMie;ir Llie 
crcclL A sknder "^"dfc C Carc;^ lLKicicai]:4jKoinnu aily (x:cLiE> on slighl l> lijgher^i^^und Ihjnllic b^Mked'^ge 
ciwimu n il y_ jnd J mhL 4.0R: revc4i]ed pcd defi h iif 5^!tin \ lijg hjiE lL\lendcr sedge l Bet u la nanti^aret Jj^ictiijMj 
cdrr c:c4. u rs jxiccliiLy i kayu^'h i he "^c , mod Ly o* Llie ho«I h "^e of [ he eieck^ and drier "dcs we h in [ he e^rr 
■iuppijn IliedcvekjprnenLofspracG^fKld horsd Ji] ( P iccu sp /Eqii]4eliijn an-eoic} fracs T Ills Mle aL^ intlndai 
Paul C R:ek fci^ wliic h Ei a small p:d LimI Icicaied la a gLieEilly slou R:d Ixthinon PtiulCreek The|Tnnai> v^zi 
^ju rtes jr: su rfiKe jnd grtju nd^^ai er fRwi < lie t^rcek js well as I ncsk^^ neL^ftige frmi jdjiitenL skjpcs. \ beaver dam 
ac iLHi I he (:ieek fonR'> a SETiall sliallow piiwl "^ ill] a C harj np. co>eroJ IxiJIon SuTRKiEuling I he [uhI Ui a slender 
KcdgelCjKi lLEiLCK'4iT^KorninLiiEy Bc^k bckiw llie wilkiw-covercd leaver dan aod ab<)ve llie jxmd e^ d earr cornmiiEy 
dornjftjled h}' b;)g hjiuh^bcdkcd "^^^Jge^BduLi naftii^4iie:^ uc rieitiij) '>1]tij bland [■ "^^me pjn*^ of 4 h e^ LL^innu ailv a 
hcjyy £ phagiin HP tiyer dorn]i]Lld I he giDund em'cr On oae of [ he '>iofes k^id ing doh^ ■ U^ [ he "^d kind a seep 
cvKi^cs lo [ he 'inTl4iee ai mjd-'ikipe a hzakeJ sedge eomnuaLly gro^t oa I he sk)f>[: "^ lieie "^^ er L^eps llie hchI 
"Queued [did EKX vEiilchc upf>[:r[UJiof[hUkfendinig my sile visU. 

\iy\ &V iPLO Hw Ewa L F ^ c TOEj; 

Tlie hyxJcofc^gy i^< liEi SEe "^ rna u res lis pliirt cxjmrninjl les. Hi>^ever llie iydnjk^ ic pnrccHscs arc qu ite Dijmplcx, 
aMleo«kJ Ji^ol^ e simie ec^nbinti Lon of bv^aver 4ia IV J > . » reaai nixiJiog. 4ind 4(x slop.' seepLi^c Commii J les Imvc 
lofine^l hiillion pi^Lii subH rai es 4ind aiineraJ hluLs, wh leh lend co be dllivciJ in oaiire 

RAinT 

Tworaje plams aie fo«»d Ei PanlCiect fen kidne>-kaved v lolet I V loLi leaiFoliiii and s reea teelcd ceitoigrjTi 

( Enpfcof u m V ind mannti LimHl Spnh]lk p.'rs.4.oni) MoaiaAjNdliJi^ilHenlagePcogrjMihiisftiireconlson flkof 

aiy raie planis J lliesjie allliongl] g^xxJ liabilLC 4kvs ei^id . and [ here are neartt} c:c4. u rrenees of pi^iJjnd speeies 

ll]Ei4.ouldeedajil> Ic im Sinda> Creek BriJIOEn The \x:^ tnc^ hAJender s»lge eommiiEy 4 hai c:ce u rs liere ls rire in 

Monlaaa. 

Qte>e Values 

TliLS wilkin^ hmiom pcrfofms'^^nie jnpLidonl "^dtind fnnclKuis. OuTing p[:ak flows of [ he SiftJjy € reek. 4 he "^eJ kind 
teETifx^unly Hores su rfLf e WLxer aftd dceiules peak Rcin^s TIils wUcr gmd ually dnins fiom [ he sil e 4ind ni^nQitnQS 
^lejmflin^ kyerjilliesuKiVKr Tlie'Mllow hiilconi [icotubly a}si> fu neJ k^qsIo reJ jin [^alK u iLices and Jun^veEaid 
"^■e^ er jmpLicI eil elemenis jnd ^.ompovftds sncli lei phespfcof us and nilni^ei eonpimnds Becau^nLe ipLinds in 4 lie 
w^erslied have treei impjded b> nrud building and I inibcr hajve^ . [Imri: Licer fiKliofts eo«kJ h: JkLieLi^ing bv^^iind 
Hieirntiuul un^eol varcii un U e. dne lo incre^ised s[:djnenl leuJs jn llie 4. reekj. 

CnTTently llie wd und scri kwQf side of 4 lie Ml e 4ire g[U7cd b> c^llc HnmiKxlaig and pu^^ ing of llie hoiI s«rface 
air ev uHeri . and 4.LElle inipiLls lo [ he "^ illow and gcumjftotJ conimnn J ics liav e (x^enrred Some ^ relclies of I lie ^ rean 
have giUcei "Mder and shalkin^erdie 4o liv efloc k isi:. &inie f ra/in^ jLhct c:ce u rs J VI o* llie mjr^ ins of Pail Creek 
fen ^T. Sfinbille. pei\ eon h The lollowingexnJic filaHs are pn^si^il in [ he d rier [UJls of mi>l ol I he 
eonmuniMes [ VLSiled: Can^a I hEl le ICiisinm dr^ensL^J^ b«ll 4 lie^le ICiCtinm vilgaje>, oxe>e dajsy iCliiysjri liemin 
leneanchenum^pltiriaiirPl.inlLi^osp J F^ih u re grEKC?i di^minai e scmk of tlie dner ptuls of llie wilk^w and "^^dge 
eonniu n iljei£ nearlLe nkir^ins of [ lie sile 

12X3 



Up] ^ND^ 

RiKipJ hnjkJ Ln^ 4ind L'^LL'niiL>'cLjnlxrbiirrc4 htivc cx-CLirTr^J I hn^u^ houL [ h l'> d uiul^^z , Lind la ^r^mt spr^^ 4 Flci? ■"> 
Umbf r ImrL-L"! ufi li> LIil' L'd^c of LIie^ wd LomI 

IhformatwhNi I PS 

Albi^^u^h LuhIusl' hKor> of 4 [ic ^lIl' is nn^dL^d lo help [^xfiltiin hcmk of cIil' c u rrcru 4.oniii]iiEy piil L^nui 

Fnillitmorr tiLlioioufh sccsurFCV ls ■D.'dcd. Tli l'> shon Id Lncludc ^ cimpLdc fkin^ lc Ji]VL'n[or> . fix u'^aig 

csfKcualLy cw Llii: c^iiT cxjairniii] J L? on 4 [iL' M7L1I h stdc of Llii: crcL'k. in 4idd il ^ Bctbcf 

LIioti: ^tji'ii ini '>l]ould help determine [ he cilcnl ol Ihepeul^od Lie 4 tie ^ile Vrki^k l'> u}»:) needL'd KhHIilt IkkJ 

kupf'cv^ PuulCr^ekfei i'>neL'ded Ln dcxiini:!]! Llic lenmiio^ phnL 4.oininiiEy elemerus J [he nonheincndofLlie 

fciL 

ManagementNei ds 



T.\^■'\ I ^TOcCUEFlE^^E^^IOi:M^TX]N 



S^ n.irionu's IxjirulL"^ 


Gi 


S2 


S\ n.irionu'*! l>jrfiiiB 


Gi 


S2 


P k ■_^l mv'l\| u _-h_t u [n jpfCisc fni« 


G4. 


SJ 


I^Li u ki ': UiilI u kxiA^c^oci utTieuLJu ^h mblaAd 


G4'^ 


S4 


Cj\rc\ Li^Kictin^ htrbuceoiui vcfctu IDS 


G5 


S5 


^\\V\i\ iL^hh-Lirrxi hL^rbikCszc^'i vc^d KM 


G5 


S5 


C jfL'x n^ rjcu herKx eou^ ^ ndd iofl 


G5 


S5 


CoiEX iQdnxEL herK'PLeou^ ^ ecdd Kna 


G5 


S5 


Ed ula Rland u kxa^ii^ijci LfiieniiT:^ "^hnj bLiul 


G4 


S4 


folix dnnnond iBoa^Eur^ utnc u iLiCLi sh nibLoHl 


G5 


S5 


Pcstbd 


Z 


Z 


Pnikuid 


Z 


z 



121 



23 Woods-Beaver-lbribowLdkeCcxnplex 

Ldcatmh 

La:dHJ Vrd^ nf Whiltllsh E-jkc \n ood tih^ L"4i:ra MmUdna 

RjCHNES 

Ttic Laics and wd liiDd'> [ htl conipnycLliiS'^^zajcslKEiJIy-fonncd [xIIioIl' LiIll'M hai cxxuron jgt^uLlLlJ 

■^u brtnic- TliL" ^^rt Lifcds ixx-iij^' dszpfft-HiLtjn"^ riiZijr Llic ljks_ sstiMiLiI ly flixxlL^I ^njunil bK:h^L\:i LiI:ls ijtI fcL" ^ihiiJIow 

mLirgjKSLd LiliikL' ThAi wjIlt "^.^u rLC^ T^ I hL' LiLl's 4ii^ prL^'ipilJl kv lLaJ iikiifJ fi^mnli^ u pLiuls I ^l' h^ dJ jnd*^ £ljc 

tl]i:a '>uppJKd wih WLlcr fiDin Llii: Likes, nn^ LikcLy I hiongli (x^c^thtLioaJ "^t^icc ftih^s or giuu euJ wJ tr Thi:sU? 

Ku ppon'f L'a. ai^ifsl] jod ^vt ncLidow cimEnu n il k!s ^dnd ^uti ic comrnun il ks^ M I hL"« "^"crL' m^ yL'>jlcd? ^CiilunihiL^ 

Kcdgt IC4Ik:^ a|icrta> corniniiriLly OLCU pics on? of I hi: jL'pKfisu^n^ T he cl'hLlt of I hi: JE^pn^Sttim Iilsi jn 4iq uti lc k\J 

cimaiu n il y. wl]]ch tsTin^L^d by a tniid uf ciinaic^n spikcru*^ C E]i:{:c[L4my [uJih4 cbj ciinaiu n il y^ ^ h ich in Urn d 

"f u rTonndcd by Llii: Ciilu aibu hjxI^c cimmu n il y Tin: l]]ghi^4 ptJil ol LIil' CoLu mbij sliH^c coairnnii]! > Iil^ lj k>w (:m'LT oF 

dcjd kxi^cjioli: pioc- These [TCCS WL^n: apjx3n:nLJy kilfcd whL^n < lie dcpic&Lon nikd'^Lili wjIlt (jvcriltj^^ inj firmi 

RLJLnb<:n^ iJakc aili:r Llic lifavy ^no^ winltrof ]^^7. A bliicfinal n^xlgrHi 4 CjI jaugr^ b iTOAjdcKMS) cuairnnn J> 

doniJiLiics jncx her d{:pic»iLon ■L'lar Rtiin b<:n^ L^jke. A h^Iilt "^d tind Lies thH^'CL^n Bsivvrand LuLli: B?4iycr L4ikcs. i e 

dornjftjlcd h}' a ^Lender Hcd^ctCtm^^liii^ictiquJcimEniiiiilyuftdt]! u ndcK^Tilx'd cxmirnnnjl > conifxim^ of liL^nburn hi]Jn]'>l] 

( £cir|ns tKiil ■">> £LJid ^[iritTtT}' cjoqu^zfoiJ ( E^Htiphylk^Lck's fV^nbu ndti>. CJIojI (T> ptij Li Lk^ h^ud^L^ni 

buLiush com rnnnl K!s c:c4. u r Ji LliL' '>l]LiLk^vr [uH "> ol BL'uvLTL^kc Eoaici^l I hi: k^hi'-Jyin^ JocrS lih^u nd 4 [u:sl' tLl:«i e 

dorn]utL'd by ^[inci:(F]i:?4is{i^ jnd piipcr bircli ^ Bd iti [epynfciiii. A saiJolL f^a cic4.iis ood h of WcxxJ^ Ljkc^ 4ind i 

L'> do nil ii Lie nl by d nixi]ig "t kinder scdgL' coniii]Ui]jl > ^ilh k^sofinKnlojy^i^Lfhy tiul ti hcjvy »::«£ tiyi:r Ththfci l^i 

n\L^cd b> Li ti^g or ' ETUid " di^^inai LiH t>}' cjUojI Lind h.^alLL'd scd^ctCurL'^nlnLulLicti}. The upland fom anHftdchm 

i^d tii]d'> 1*^ pcixloniJftjnLly £[und f]r^"Li4lldy ^ Abk"^ grjnd LS^LinLonu iiiftindj locr^. 

Tlie f amjq^olugy tud hydrok:^> liuv? ml L^r^kzicd Li> ^tik:4 nr: I hL' pLiil conniu n il ks d I his '>jlc. Tin: Likes ljct 
"f null CLlclincil (scvtraJ "^ utiiL' miLcs ]■ arciH hjl d [uiii'> ml o ^V hirzHsh biliL' jnd 4 [ic Si iLl^vilcr R ivcr. 

Rarfty 

SL'^xzrjL ran: pfemrs ccc u r on pcdy ^weL^ st thK> 4^ . Thcx arc "Jtnd^r cr^lon^r^ ^ EnophoniEn giKik) yclkin^ 
IlkJ > ^^LipjxT (CypnpaliLin cakixiLu'f ^ ^uoii l]L'Lli:lxinnc ^ Epjpucl ls ^i^aricLij. 4ind 4. r^tfiin^ scdgL' lC jn:x 
chiHdonhrjdJ ThEi'>jlcalsLil]L^4irj[i:4.oniinii]l>.[hi:Ci>]unibiLi'tJ.'{|^<:amniunily 

Otiee Values 



Co\DI7T!J^ 

HLinimf I Lsh mg^ and iH [icr fL'^K'dlKWiil acf ivjl Lcs Lir: piobaM> lhL'ii*l> Lind u'4:s li 4 liis 4 iniL' T[;icl"^ of Ci^nEyf j 
Ll]]4 Lc (€ I rsi u m arvcnsc ? blLx.k nirxJ ll ( Nkdjca^> lupuJii j^ lihI nx'd caijr> gri^ C Ph^iLias ^uu nd inLV-c^ih ixcnr m 
Llic conimniiJl Lcs LliLC Jiy dowi "^cihoi] jl ly like [ he Dr»iniond\ wiLlo^/hcaliL'^l SL'd^c Ljnd '>pTULL'/flckl hiir^'ttiit 

CUfflETlU n ILJl"^ 
Ufl h \ D B 

A In^giig rmdadjuccnl Lo SLmic oFthr wfClaatfe JE!l ubovr the hi^b wdcr naHz blDckm^ 4 [ic oui k^t ofii*i:. Ui^^m^ 
has ccj-uttliH in I hL' ^.tK^hncnl mchc pud . and [ he uphnd't jr: (^nn^nl l> mjnagcd wih j 4 iml^er cnph^ists Scveial 
houH^liave IxL'n hnjk ii* Lin: c^ mdi: of BL'uver LakL' and have [ he fxlE^ni iljL lu com nbuie "^'[i ic L'fflii:nt co 4 lie 
sy^cni. 

Ihfq rma twhNeed3 

Mor: m lonOiitHii U e "^"ai lt ctiejnL^iy [KMt d L'jlhs ptml '^x'cjl"^ Ll'J h b ■l'cJl'^I T^ I hL' fL^n ftiHlli of ^Vixxls Lake 
A.4wly ol I his fei'^ liydiology ls jLho ncixleJ Lo dd L'ruimL' ^ he4 tier i drun'^ hcH k lo Lin: nonli and »:)U[ h orjvi 
to Ike ncrik 

ManagementNi I ni 



Mon ikHiig of R:i:d c:jKjr>£ ^J^^ pi^pu Ld lon^ e rn^dDd ki daennine whdl]i:ril l'> ^pci.'^id in^ . and il ho lio^ fL£l. Any 
fri nn: I iml^er han'ci skmkL Li nin iKiin JkLorpLirjiL' LhL' dde h r^L^nu^i: nanLi]^<:n]L'nl ^iiflL^^ Jionnd I hL' wdJundiB 



122 



ElEHENTOtCL P:R>^r> iHFORMATiaN 



Gavu inmi^r 


G5 


S1S2B 


Picni Jifi'ctiiitHil iiai jpfCjim: Tj^ai 


G4 


ST 


ALnus vinJthShp ^i n uti^L ^h nibtiMl 


G5 


S5 


CLiLin^L^jTiM Lh L^Ln^'PikLhts liL'rfu:ccn]'> vc^lIlckh] 


G4Q 


S4 




G4Q 


S4 


CBEm buoLLirfxi hL'rti^^ou^ ^v^dL:c Km 


G5 


S."^ 


C'Jizc^ Li^Kxtirfxi hL'rti^^L^^ ^ c^dLC KU] 


G5 


S5 


Chtcj: HKJriLi hcrlxtL^Ju*i ^ l^^m.i K^n 


G5 


S5 


Efcoc hLirts jxiLu^ JT> [i^: jttH.i7<^u*i ^ L^jid J K^n 


G5 


S5 


SciTpu^ L'PLri us }iL'rtuc'L\ms ^ <:gctLi K^n 


G5 


S."^ 


r>plLiLiLloLiLi hcrlxtL^Jus ^ L^ctti loa 


G5 


S."^ 


T>pli:LlLiiloLiLi hcrlxtL^Jus VL^ctti loa 


G5 


S."^ 


Can:^ Jl^n .1 fcL^rttiLi^ou^ ^ cgdLi ujn 


G2'^ 


s: 


£alix d nihmond iLinLiVltir."^ ulnLulLcti "^hnibLoHl 


G5 


S5 


Cy|m|>7dhuni pjn Lll^nn 


G5 


SJ 


EpcpuLL b> ^ i^Linccj 


G4 


s: 



12^ 



24 Woodward Meadows 

Ldcatmh 

Woodwjnl Mc4idnw IS kicked uJoflg Scmti WtxxJwdnJ CrN^kinltic S^i]i VaJky of non h'^c^ Mrmldnti^ db^iojL LOmiLcs 
"^^uLli of SwL^n L^jkc. NOTE Scetic nF I hci sec isoapnvdc Itiods-and LiHk>wi]LT prnnEKioii l^ ■L^'^cd co 4icci:^ 4 [lchc 
fon Lons of [ he si [^. 

RjCHNES 

I his^^diihnd Ilcs m ^ ^LiLijIJy'^riivrL'^ v\i[\^y lI 4 [ic [c>:slop: of I ht Mekioh MounUin Snul h ^ViXKJ w jr^ Creek Huw^ 
Ll] ruLi^ti I hci Hcc^ wliK h supfHifls u Gcyi^r^ wiLlr^ L ^|]i f cy truaftj) b^loEn "^edcni mJ ccdjc^xik fi:ra (TtiLija 
pi ii:^4VUv mftiicarpiin dT>'0[i?nsj nfuiiLiri LirciJ. bh;)^ hiKh L Bet u lti glund u k:«3j cjrr, wl^i sffiiix ^ Piccl^ np ) forftf ^ 
tud rni. T h Ls sil L' s«|TfHHls n u rnL'Rivs cxjriirniJiiJl Lcs LUETIC of "^ [LLcti tia' forui«l c:^^ Ttic 

hydrDti£> oflticsLlt isjMobcilTly LJCo[nbii]Licioi]of2 WLH^r ^mc^cs. Hvifuc? uul suKnTfjcc fti^s Fciiin Siivl [i 
^ViHiJwjnl Ci7i:k tind suKnTl^krc fi^^'s fmin I hL' 4« of Llit skipcs immLiH ili?I> wed oflticsilL' !■ tiildiKHi \kcni 
tuL' b.'^L^ lt dLiaLsin I hL' 4. r^L'k Lind Itl'^ivlt channi^L^ cxI L^nd mg intoltic wiLIm^ 4iDd si^dgi: cornmui] J lcs. ThL' slIl' is 
hyd nitif LC4i]Jy q u il L' cornp][^^ On I ht l'^k side of LIil' crfck is ti long^md Emir^^w mc^ikiw [ h^d I'lmradly jcxmipkx 
mLic ri\ L^ WLicr salgi: ICdircx ^nH i]ei)^ bhzukcd »rdgt ICdrc:^ ui ricity j^ ^md B u^ buun's snlge ICdrex bLi^baniniL) 
cuffiETiu n il K!s. One "^rnl coc? WL£i 4alj:a Ji LliL' wiicr szdgL' cx^rn rnii]]l > . whK.1] h^kf a l4ijrlv shulkin^ U (kn I hick? m^uiic 
hon/(Mi liHiTiL^ i>^ lt LH^t FTH- Lijc k gfcvL^ ch> kxjm liiycr T^l^r: aju TtJiliZiird h:^ hin. h in lIil" cad sidciif [he 
ciL^ek hul LliL' dL^]inaiil ^ nib coairnun J > js t] G^zycr's wjlLow/lx^kcJ "^xJ^l' Lc^jnnLiniLy ai Llie Ht>ul h eul LiJjaLcri IoLIie^ 
T^'cd ciu led cedar fufc^ Geycr^ wilkj^A dranioai cs [ he eiwmu n il y, w J li t^ik^j scdje a»d CnH^k's "axJ^L" ( Caiei 
cvtKkjiJ Llic dominajil "^^es in 4 tie undenoiy A Lir^cr pLicti nf 4 [lis ^.ornji^iiil > lx~lii\ oa Llic wc?t side of I hL' 
eiL^ek ELCJcb}' £orncof4[LLS4.ornii]iiEy L^ppcjrslohtivL'fonnixJ laL^ filled la K^^i^ lt jx^d. ^u4 [i of 4 [le Enokfo^u* \xi'h 
"f idcs i>f 4 [ic ereek Lf 4i wcTtcn red ccdajycxjkfL'ru cxmirnnni > . whK.1] appzaiH co he r^micd on 4i]livEil depL^iIs. 
^VL"4en red ccdtir doninaes Llii: overior^'^ wlijcl] 4ilsi> htis nailered "q^TULe The u ndcidiny (.onidins sz'dl! cr^ 
"^lejrnluak alder ( ^liis iicioAii) UEid Kcxky Moiinitiia uuple LA4.lt ^ bbnnj. wjl [i ilie hL'rttk:eti«s la>er4kmLnded by 
caUeri] field hir^'ttiiUEq u mctnin tin'eos:! aul CdntuLi tHa4.lih.TTy {CiHuus t.antiden'^sk 1 n ihcifor^ SiivltL 
Wixidwanl Cieek tus a ETicderjeLy deep gi^KlKii! aul lhaI ver^' sjinivs tm whci il h iLs Llie inejiJow co [ he nortti Jl 
bhrcomcs ver> low ^rjH leoi dnd siivKwliti siauous I ■ Llie mci^ow J tieie afe deep "^iJl h.'ds on [ he cceek hliomaELd 
bchiod l^dverdanh tiul Lliere d aa e^Leosive cimnion nafe's l4ijl ( HifipiiCEi viiJ^ns) cxmi mun il y iJichc^k^ ni^ving 
eieek W4iers. [■ tiddjl ion 4o I he □eyer's "^ illow {.omnLiniy ii* Llie wch side ol I he 4. reek. [ here is JLir^e tug biieh 
ciiTT ciwifKieTi^d of bctli lxi£ biicL^leoderscdge LCare^ t£h«x:arpLi) aod Ixng bireli^C usiek^ si^dge coEnrnnn itES. The 
iLxLer IS formed onasljghly qiakin^ su b^ ry e tikd has a Uller. deimer "^dnd iif bhi^^ bircti! hjn 4 tie fiifmer 
cijnaiuniiy € usiek's sedf e dornioji es 4 tu: u nder^iuy iif 4 he \xj^ turch ■'CistLks ned^e umniu n iI y^ and SLdccrcd licury 
"^ illows (Salix caAdKJaMre pre^^ni T tie su b^ide e^a L .5iih- deep fx^i layer, we h sctiLered 4. Ia> Jen'«2h pr^seni. 
Ttie bo^ b]iuhAlender s[:dge cornmiiiy h js 4in ■ftdeiHc:j> dominaied by lender snlge a^d Biituu m's '4::4l£e 4ii]d yelhuw 
Txd^tiCiOzx ftivaj aie miELor cimpimszris A "blender s[:dgeconirniiE> isforvKd 1x4 weei a^d anrand [ hcse earr 
cfMiETiu miles and Jl afifcais li> Ix "^Ijgh Ly wetLer Lliani he^' commniiJl ics. PaHsol I he sleuler ned^e umnu n ily sue 
on il qViiking su b^rJe and one sin L 4. ore revedled a WLm [ki'ji tiyer o>'cr a ^Leyed ^iOciih- I h^k eLiy tiyer Finally, 
tlie weHem liD«ftdiiT> of 4 he siLe is cxjveied 1^' spnjcvVced-iihicr do^w'iXHl uinEnu n il y ( F icei^^i^n n't s:n The 
oveidiHy wjs4kminLied byspmce and I he di^ er^' slinj b kiyer w£ls domjuled h}' ^ rranilxjnk aider 4ii]d ^ikler leaved 
bueh lion ( R hannus aln ifoljj^ WE ti a small aniou nl of red-osier dci^wxxxJ Thedoninaai grjninoid W4is[eed mannagnsi 
(Gl^feriii grind Lf). WE h dwarf red trticklxny L f^nhns pnl>[:sLeKSJ aAd Canuld Ink h Ixny {kwiinari in [he Forbla>'er 

Key &4V iplo hw Ewa l F ^ c TOR'S 

Ttieie are I hiee inLeEuclin^ fLx.liHH[ht1 d[i>ngly inflnen4.e I hb sec I he sile^ h^'drology is geomorptiolc^y and 
bc4i>'er aa ivi > TIlei in4erv.l urn is very CL^^pb:^ and i^ likely Ihiialllhree fLiPilors in fine need djffereni 
polls ol I lie HEe Lo vsayi ns de^iees Pjn iif [ he Ml e in Llie wcs siJe of Llie c reel: is a pcjlLind while I he red 
oflliemle has a sliallow ofganie la>eri>^'er ninerol nnibi l^iillier inven£or> of 4 he sile is ne4.es^iy co trell er 
u ndeiditnd I tic EkiG&tku Ln'e sl]af>»l Wixidwanl Meadow 

Allliciaig h 4 tiere are H> kncin^ n nofe plant oceEnrnces ut e he 4 e I liere 4iie »:veial ontdandiig plani cornniini> 
cceunenees "^.^me of wh^li aie uneonimon in Mo*4ana Fc»~ e^anple J tie we4 em led eedar/iukfeni dnd spmce^red esKr 
dc^wcxxj commnnjl Ks tue bn4 h large ixeineH.es I hdl aie in^cxxJ cond ilxi*^ jnd tHi ti are ^4.0^1^:^ in Monlana-Tlic 
sJcnder sedge and Ge^ei's wiliow/facaked sed^e eanininn LlKk, wl]]le eoninoi^ jie abu Lu^e £^ in exeelknl cuwIe ich. 

pTt>E Values 

T bi^ sUe ap[k:ac> I o [lEovidc uui^and ing wild Ijfe ^abELi ^ bused on llie se ings of £c:«hawk^ nuL^e , gieal blue 

1Z4 



hciDn^, uod wh itct jlI (fctr mxfc d u no^ rht sdr vi'd The luigt fid npuoKorKd^c [naidowund walking uod Ixng 
biKhcurr^ ^VcxxJwjrJ Mc^mIq^' firovjdL' ^uai? impiifldnL wdLind funa km]'> aMl v^r'jlcs. Ginug [eliK flcwi af e^c 
cr«:k I hL' ^^ ct kind lL'nipiminl> "diifL^^ s«if£i£c v-*^ lt Lind LtLL^n ULi^'> [^^ik niVA">. This "^"^y lt griJ uuJI> dioios fnm I ht 
MiL'dnd Rdin4£UKS Kl rc^Lii]ni>w k1<:r in I hL' s«nnicr. Tlic n] jrik Lind i,hkc jM^^bahJy ub^^ f u nci Lc^n 4o i^aji puH EnLics 
tud mnm'i: jnd SL^quLTicr LmjxmaJ L'L^VKilsjnd cxmifx^u nd*^ su4.1] js ptui^phonis jnd hjI ciigL^n j.omjymiids. BccLiimc 4 kc 
u pklnd^ ]■ LliL' ivil^zrJicd Iilivc been inip^KlL'd b}' ciud b«ildii]gai]d[iinth.Tl]L^rL-L"4 \kc^ kilLTfunLlKJEUi could bt 
incrfuhin^ Vy'ond L h lnp Liu nal hoi^l' of viin Lie i cm ^ i:^ dii: lu ]h. r^^skmI nzJinicai kud*^ in I hL' LiUL'kJ 

CoMnmaH 

Tbc Htc Bpf:c4iml [o h: in i:;^i:IJL'nL 4.ni]d J Lon Tkc kiMl ls fxi^cd . kj I hf^^rti KdlJy nohuiilinf cct-uiy kcir Thi:rr 
turnn (t her obv Lou*^ LoiduHJ^. in I hL' wd I jnd Tkc only t^citic irfeinl kmnd ■■ [ he "^d k]ftd LsCtin^L^lhcik'LCiiHiun 
tin'cns:? "> kick cK^uHi js M.LicLL'[rd indL^iduL^L^4ii]d [iiolxjbLv pjsi^sljllLcLliicdlcolkcsiLtdl [levari Th^vz ls^l 
"^rnLjLI [K^pnkl Lon iif riNxl cdntiiygnoHS L PliL^kiris ti[Ui]d]ftii«: jj inchc'^'d^c ni?4idm^ o* L h? c^td sjJe^ iif [ h? cun^Il This 
c4>irs[:£QK> wh ick forriLS H^n^'cih u [Ts in M.'^tHon^ly llcxidcJ ^^J[^kcs£ii1d fL^n*^ }il£i trcirn LirolnJ Ji LIil' licrjc u n: 
tis bhill] ^ n£d ivc umI ciiH LCf pccjL"^ PiifvtdLonMn North ^JTiL^ncdn^LV hi: 4.oii]piis[:d of b<x h uIjvl' ^mcJ ypc^ jnd 
Enciipc^ii cik IV jc> L McnglEino and Lcsku l^^S? \i is ujiusul^I co m.'C'^uIJ fx^pu iLic ions of Lli? ^il^hs "^ck l£i 4 bit 
Et Wcodwjrd Mcik^ow 

Upl^ ^ D3 

WhiL? LliL' ^"d kiftd ilsclf dppsLjy 4o K' Ji ^a:d 4.ond iLkm J]i? lund^dpc ii'^kLch il Lsk'CJlcd Iilsi trciri fcuf nn^nlcd 
by 4 inihcr kai>v» A ck^zctzcHxi^iid of "IlIc Lind corpiini? LJinbi[:r binds ^u nonnd [ he Ml l' Lind ^ h iJl' sovkz of LIil' 
nfuiiL^n for^m ^dnds 4 l' g. I hL' wc^l'ci rLif (.cdajT^ukfi^nL conirnui] J > . whK.1] ls on "^oli: Jjnd ) jcl' iniuLL mucliiif 
Lhc sutrkj nd in^ ipljiid k^tsbcL^n bjrFCdcd ji^^rni^cahLsnploLln^cd^^zofLliL' wakrnd Raids tind "^kid L rajbi nig 
Llii: sjlc , uuljiig jccl"^ ^ZL^y ^V hiLc LIicte ulLjve ics ]>n«tL' ^unic L h r^Li 4o I hL' s^l^ ^u(:h as incn:ifT[:d ^^in^ 
dclLvciy lo I hi: wdLind il'sin^ ck jr LIiljc 4 kc k>'d ciiii^gy of I hL' scchL^ h:ci ^ rL^^i Iv iiffmcd. 

[■ShDEM hTM^ NeEOS 

A Ibiifou^h f]nn.4E invcoiory of th? sc? ls nodcd^ 4K e hciris gncd pn^cri i^d liL^bitLX forLiniiinhtrr^rdEr 
pitinis htR:. On ly a cnrs:^ hcui forraj? plani*^ wl£i uxkf l' dn nng [ kc Ml l' vbiil. A h^'dn^igK. ^ndv of [ he "olc l^ 
abv needed '^kich'^'onld k^iH lotib.'tLerunder^dndingofLlieyrnaureofEhc'fileandEhedLlnbvlLonof pfcinL 
conm u n iLjl"^ 

Fvtiir tiEnter ksuvcl adjtiL^enl ki I he si? "herald cnfikiy ^ cuunhidE^ rrunagerneaf EoncbifftES 

El 1» TNTOc EUKREHCE [\ hDE7l ITH]^ 



Pkki sfi^CT^rn us ^ijloiiferj fiMurf 


G3 


S3S4 


Tknja pljLtia^^ ■incx^rpiu ni d n l^ ens TdiH 


G3 


S3 


So] IX ^cyemBirii^iJci ruir^ijli 


G5 


S5 


C'jizcx niqutlilis hcdx<eou^ vegddio* 


G5 


£4 


C'Jizc^ tn^tuu nui hertuceous vcgdd iDU 


GJ 


£3 




G5 


£5 


C\:\rc\ nx^ iHa hcdueeouM'e^dd ias 


G5 


£5 


Bet u b gjjnd u lci«i:Vcajc\ Ixiicc^iTiia shivbtaMl 


G4 


£4 


Eel u la gland u ki^n^uci CBbickii shnUand 


G'' 


£3 



125 



25 Bear Paw Meadow 

FiDm O lac V . N^m Emu _ fill kjT^ f<]rc^ Rxid 4^ 7 ran he caM Mdc of U S 9J jtoiiL73 [ruk*> co < lie iitc 

RjCHHES 

BrarPaw Meadow ^ Lcx:4i«j rai [ he Lno^lnpe iif 4 tie Whjiefmk Rliel^c^ scs ii* uILuviljL nJcTuobi di:fr:«il fd fR'tr glucol 
t]ll Ma4 of [ h? "^x.^ LiftJ IS ssK^^ntilLy nixiJcd la LIil' sfno^ ^ hci Llii: ]ri L'niiil4<:iil crMkfi^winf I hirajgli [ he Ml l' 
D¥cifknv\ jnd s^i]L]'> d Lif usl' su dLH.c flcin^ lH'lt LliL' skifiLEif . h u m rmicky 4ind 4 L'Ji;!^^^^ Dixxlptji ThL' sec di^uKS Jrio 
fwiACr^L'k T[LC4.ran|Ttx aiicciilupLi^Euphy iif tiu aimiict^. (.luancbi. sLou^ hs ljeuJ jxiols crcdcs ^ (xrinfiLci vcgflLi icn 
rnn«i:3LC Ldr^c [^4. hcs l^ Silkj jLdcr ^ ^]iv> vmdis "^p. '>jiu£y j^in: 4 [k: nic:^ d N Jkd jvi: (^ranniinLly ^ Lh?'>jlc, 
Ll]c> nccurii* [lie imwi 4o ^"cl '>kifin£ flcxidpijiii. Muc [i Ld~4 hL' slIl' is dominji l'^I hy^^ htiid-Li>4.]js>]fy (^cwiniiaLly 
vykixik htis In4s nf jxictiy coniftr icgi^ncnjHi* ThciCULild hi:4iD c^dy^'cul sprw^L' co[nrni]i]J> Bcsida>p1chv 
spniCL'UEid kHlg^pi^k' pjiL' IPin u'f 4.ra]lc)ft jj rcgL^ocrJ ion LIil' coEnmiiJl > 't«|TfHHl'> bLrk (^i^loah^txiJ ( Fopn lv> 
bub^uTiLfi^rLi »ip tnchicLjqxjJ^ [>TiJ rnimiftd^ wj]|jw ( S jLi:^ d niinni^Eid L^iftj^ SjI tLi aJdiT. uldi:r-k jv^ bucll tLurn ^ R h:Linav> 
ulai^uluj}, hJicjrari Kcd2RiUi(Ctitiinj^ni»L'>C4inLidL'n'^ish, biuaiL'LBnmiu'^sfi^ tud "^"(xxj rccJ (Cinii j np ) Thi^sUc 
tibu lixi MiffK sm jLI [Eiic hi^ i^ Imiairnraid's wi]k>w (x>innu n iLy. TliL'ci' 4irc »:vtrLd srnLjl] dcpic:»iLC)n'f ii* l1][^ 
tur draniQLii cd by t]i ii]flLicdsaJgL'CCajciycsiC4irm>craninLiaEy The u pbnds L^n: a (^ranbioLii ua nf sffinrc/bci^ lily 
C PiE'Cd hp ^linLraiiii iiiftirj) tiod giLiid Tic^teLipJ LiJy ( ^hjcs £ rjnd is/C I inkiflEi u aillora? fom 

\ibt &V iPLO Hw Ewa L F ^ c nhaj; 

Ttic h>'d[uti|^ nf 4 [ii: slIl' M.'cnh 4o be LIil' Jtiv]i^ fjaor 4 nmi u rin^ pfeLJil ciwim u n irirs J BmrPtiw Mcidra^ Allliraigl] 

no bc^ivtr LKl IV Lty W4is obs^nvJ d u rin^ I Ll' slIl' ^ isc il \ jxkm bkM h.i b^^L^^r pLiyL'^l L^n laifx^rtaul n^L? \n 

ciu^ i[L£ I lii: wet hod JiLln^flnl [iLicc^ jnd [ hd IhLNrcurTL'ru jbN-'ru-L'isiQtfHiVtibLcfortlit silcdr^'in^'tOinL'^h^ 

tiMl ulkin^ Ln^ con if?r rc^cin^d Lon lopru^ccd. 

RhEITV 



Nu iLirc pLints or cimmu n iLjcs mc kncin^ a fcim I hL' sec 

Qti>e Values 

Jim V^Liidcrfciird ohvrvcd hcwk tv^ur d igg]igs t1 Ihci'Jc. 

HLiEuing E pfDlHbLy Lilt gkI> c uncu bndiif oTi Its wctluDd. No cxctKS wcr iccoidal on I kc rKldicnn 

Vfi h ^ n ^ 

Lof^in^ in^s iiE^ijrly su riDiiiid E he siLt. tiMl LliE^tr is ciJciUJV'c E iinher hLirvE^id ocurby 

IhFO RMATW H Ni I n^ 

Atbofou^h niirlK. invcaior^orihcscc l'> ocfdcJ^ 4K wclJ l£i houii: rL"4:4ii^l] oa I he [LEtra> oflticsLle Ckihcr 
inspxJ Km of 4 [ic site for ">]£»> of liidorK br^ivcr jct ivjl y "^nu Lf 4ilsQ be hcLp^il]! u ndcrdandjig Llic '>jlc 
h idoiy 

MAHASEMEHTNrLn^ 

Aa> fuEn re [ imhcr liLiTL'c^ ^y Lliis "^ c needs li> cnpkjy s mimynlc iKiJiuiicincnl /one hifTciy t1 jninirniun 

El >7I I M Oc CURREHCE [^ I OW:l\ M Kj^ 



ALn u*^ ^ indth ssp sin ulI^l sh ru bLiMl 


G5 


S5 


SaJ IX d nnaicmd i^ma stinhtiiid 


G5 


S5 


Curtx vr^iToru htH:uxui]'> vcgclLi irai 


G5 


S5 



12£ 



26 Blanchardl^e 



T [iLS sUi: IS ti Ijcgt ^Ilku] fxc hok' LiIj: foruinl in ^Iljc mL 4 lI] Tin: nhifcs L^nd jnEncJcii dv su rFn]i]d]ig uphods 

tiiL'. fiif [ he mcKd pufi . gL'nlJy slopjig TIiltl' aiu LIiki: loicrmjlccri ccrckslbdl fi^w inLo Bijncbjrd Ltikc hnl 

"^ [id hi:r I hL"4: or gn^u nd'^'^ lt is LliL' |)f iiniiT> ^Ucr^uurcc lseux kuvA ji. No ii«l Hiva c^li jn ncbi jcl' stiiiw'i on IhL'Icpa 

rnufi Tht tilLf svpfKHls caicrgi^ru wctbnd coainiunjl lcs tironnd [ he iLike InigL' jod I hL'iv eneul tiL ruK plH1lL■[l^ of 4 [it 

Ijke^ Llii: nonl] end. Cdlldi] (Typfc J Ld ifiilL^ii lecd 4. jomy^ riui ( Phtitms eltu nd inLiLc^it jod slEMidcr »zJgL' ^ Caiei 

Il£iLC>:4IT^> comniiE ic^ domio^ i: 4 [le evKi^eri nmiaini] il ks. Tlii^re l^ 4|[m> ti GL'bb\ wiLlo^ (SjIji b^bbLLiAJ) cuEnrnnii iLy 

on pjniif Itie Likcslioie ^1 Llii^limeol I lie s«n ■:> . it W4KnixiJL:d by 4^^^ ol ^Uer^nd [L4id ^ Lie LL'crd 4i:LipJ 

( pfusu m jbLy Jii: 4o flcxided cond i ions? pjjxT biKh ^ Ed uk] pip^'nfLTJ) ThL"^: jcl' ■■■simJIy flcxidcJ ciiwlE ions Ebr 

GL'bb^ wilkin^ . 4 [iLS Lilj.'shorL' Lcunnu nily ls^lIJ b^iag tiffccLcd b}' hi^'h woli^rkvelsKsvking fiom [k:l^v> ^mli:r 

1 9*^7 HMVA'S- Tlic flcxi ing- Lai^ L^ L^od sitwKJ^crt ixiujiK. hal ciTmniu n iLjl"^ aju d n l^k:. T he dccjx^ /one apfcarMo be 

doETUiLlnJ hv wjIl^cIlIv ^ Nnplitir ^p h "^ h lIl' la "diji hi Ly shiUk^^^ lt ^iier W4iL'[^kKJd ( B r^then i^mctirebcn} d 

doETUianL W^ er miLFuiL IN^ynopliyllin np HomjutL's la nome^ h^ sliLiLlower woler^ dnd wi^er ^m Jd weed ( Folygmim 

tiMi[i[LLbinni> El 4kmLntii4 Ji Llie sliLjlk^'e^ ;x)ne ^"SiixiLiced LX[u^y k. sp^c les jh. Inde 4.L^rnn:p:^n hkilder^x^rt |L\rieitiim 

vu Igarisj^ griHfr k^ved fond^eL'd LPulanxigdon£QirnjiL'u\|.and Lon^-^LJk^d [uodh^L^Td l P^^^AnHigdLU pn3[:)j[L£iUi| 

Kf^ &V IKO HII ENTH L F^CTOIS 

Ttie i^avhorpliL^ig} umd hyd rak^y pnnnJe ii Laf°e au^ dJveI^c rkuHa^-luived iimI su bmL'cged jqnti le pLinL (.UKmuaLly. 

SevenL rjre ptinls CK^nrol Bhochjnl LakL' T hcse aie ulL 4iq u J le spccjes [ hey tire W4ie[^kKld^ pygn> ^Uerlil^ 
C Mvmfihaea [c4 [u^onti h jod ^iicrb«lnsk(ScLrpussnNemimL^Lis? Nj iLire pbnL (.L^innu riLlJL"^ cxeur d IhtssJc, 
tikhoLi^h Liq Li£d Le etmaiu n iLjls haveal hi^en ckbihi lied lI I he 4 ime id" I hb enLiy 

C>Ti>E Values 

FkxiJig £ loK of tilf^ iiceir in 4 [lc ofcn W4iter of I he til^e ^V hetlier tl]e« tire dne to n utneoi ktLjdiig eaused b^ 
"Kfil le efflneni iir d Lie [o ■■! nenis from de4.LJ> inf fincded ve^dEii ua is u n kncin^ a Tkuf d d hi^kLy pnid ucl ive Likc^ 
buL enl roph iii^y Loa is LJ jx^ enLul [ kred 

Cp^niTTiiM 

Re^-reJ K^ftiil uses like fiskin^ are [he pnnury kinJusi: , ^ h ich w ill piobtjUy iKn^mr'^Ltli tnciGtuig populdion 
pre^nre Rce^l clul4IT>'2 [;i>s ls oie of [ he dL^ininanl cvKi^cri pljnLspxies Tku^ lav^thivc ^oiss [k:m:s ti LIikjI co I kc 
ct her evKi^eri coEnmnn J les d The sec Pi):e.mc\niK fcik^ o[:eu r in [ he Ijtzc. 

TJpihsna 

Several ne^ Lir^c kooKS cccn r ]■ tlie Like bcsin aftd Fut u re su bd Lvmin* pmbahly fr:«?i one of 4 ke ^retld IhreJs 

Lo4ke mLe^ny iif 4 ke EHiulic commiiiy Lo^^in^dnd ir^- tniLd mg k^ive ix^irred inlke u pkmds lirivuI Llie Like 

iHFORrnATWHNi I n^ 

PerM^^ence iif 4 he py^mv wdlerlily and W4iter hu Inj't h pLifntii uos need co be confLnncd - 1 hesc ^'ciriit ctccrvcd 

d u no^ I he site Vise I a LxJd e ion , iifonmi ion d leeded ii* the WLicr »:)u n.es aod liydiologvofche lake. 

ManagementNi Ens 



A ^vUer4|«iil J > imiflEonn^ pn:^ Riin ls needed kir B bEU-hmd Ltike co evaluai e 4 ke degiee iif enl n^itd ion Thi 
in Femiai Kja eeiLikl be iscd 4o liel p naiolaia ^vUerq«iilri> b^ LEnprnvinf Lud aitikJ^cvKri in [he busin 



127 



ELEkl ENTOc CURREHCE [": I [^Rbl ^TXJN 



^j\\\\ b^^hhi.hnLi ^li ju bLiftd 


G5 


S5 


PllLdLiTiS LiTlftdlQ^^Z^J htrtuCCDIUk VCfCtd ID! 


G5 


S5 


CoirX ttUDCtinKJ htrfoccDvs vc^d KM 


G5 


S5 


Typfca bifblEL bcibocfous vc^nsiLaa 


G5 


S5 


EnEcnia ^hT^bcri 


G5 


S2 


NynnhaEatftraRDaa fifln Ititer^ii 


G5T5 


SI 




G4G5 


S2 



12^ 



27 Bowen Creek Fen 

Gowci Creek Fta IS Icic^cd in 4 hL' StilLsli Muu [l£tll[l^ iif aofi hwL'Tlcri] MonLL^ruL ■L'^irctie b<)u ndtuy 1x4 w«:i] [ he Ftii hmd 
t]ftd Kcxceftiii NiiKmjl Fdi«^ Ttie siLi: ielcIwIc^ ^ SEmilL 4 nbulaiy iif Bc^?i Ciei:k "^ [llc[l Heine's ielIo Gccd C ret k uod 
Ll]cSlLl]wucrR]vtr 

RjCHHEB 



dicjm. W^ lt L'ruciH [lie p."^ Lmd frc^mchcctd tud Rcin^'s niHJy jl rvsi I hL' sudtiL? of I hL' [h:^ lowdr^ Iht 
"^^uLliihVH Sphj^num is pfc^oniinLinc i>^ lt imid of 4 [ii: fL^n svif^LC and hjsfiifrncil liiinnccks 6- LO inchest [3-25 cn| 
LLiLl.Thc k^LTii^inH L'nd iif 4 hc^d Liiid h^LS ai tict]Vi: bciivi^r jx^d ^ind LiJ|Jc<:i]l ^^J[^k Bc^ birch IBftnlj gLmdnkvij) 
tud smaJltr tiMULirus of tic^oy w]lk:n^ L ^|]\ c^nd id jj tm: jnpLidanl "^hnibs SJL^ndcr ^^gc 4 C4iK\ LsiLcx'dr^^ bc4ikcd 
KdgclQoci uLncLiLdd). aftd pu rpt (:iH|idbLU Pucri lIIj pLi]i4 nsj tiiL' conirnon [icrttiLctivs "qKCJL"^ Non hcni txj^ 
ItETim ing (SynufHuny^ bofcdci)^ J Niinlicra Rl^^ ion s^imc l>v spocjcs, licl' kftiVA'ii [o iiccir in 4 [ic fL^n Kidnc^'-lmr 
violfl I V ioIj fL'riLloLi jj. 4iLso HTKSC ivl'. (xcu c> ij]^ rcmn tik^EL^ J Hfli^dl ccrck SnlKiipinc I Ir L Atrti^s iLfiKK^ii]:^! 4ii]d 
IndgcfuL? pim: L Pjivs coruontii doaiiTiLicc LliL' skifcs £idj jcl'jiI collis: fL^n 

KfvE^^ iP.jhs>rE^ Ki R^cmRS 

Th^ Lrnpcdcd d ruiL^c c ju^'d h^'chc lx4i¥crd£unEUKl tlicimJ-fDnrung nc^^ I kcmbclvcs roioieueui ioitiiiLdcd cond J nos 

^tvciLiblt lu I ht £ pht]£ iLins jnd it tier fca species. 

Bowci Creek Fta IS ti 2a>H l^:^ jnipk' of u pcd Liul domiulc^l pfiiTkinly b> Sph^nnin mcvihJ.'s Smch pcu lunds licl' 

uneoffiETion 

in NkiQitiftj G [Tca-k-'elc^l 4.^:4 lon^rjHf (E riophoniEn virjdKLjnoLii inj tud northern hiig lemming ( Svimfiornys Ixirciolus)^ 

Njd fcL^iu KcgKH "^qsUji'l" sfceies- ixeu r in < lie fen K id ncj'-Jcjf vtoleH V lob iraLfoLuj L^pcv^rt akjns^lie 

dRiiiL^e upr^r^m from L he open fen. 

Oti>e Values 



Bowei Cie^ FcK W3S Eitkcdcd 4ci Managtmcnt Aiea 12 T nfunaA arr^l ii I he I^TFisiieud Ford Pbfl. Timber 
htirvci El ic:h rolled in I [lis M A co pn^ ctl TijxjcEin vegcttl ion jnd WLxerqutdity 

UrLAtfna 

AdjticeH Lind*^ mc "^ LlliJi MA ]5 whEh enph^tsj/cs I lEnbcr piridniiT ion. 

AddtioBal sfliYcys iilong [ he nuin Hen of Bowcn C reck afL' ■L'eded [o dcbic^le pLHiibJcSI A Ix^undtuics AddLiHrnjI 
tmppaig fcr non tieni bag Icnmiig in [ he ^eaciLiJ tirca "^^ts rccimmcEid cd in ]^J b> liEnReiclicL MontmaP^irol 
HentiJ^e Pni^rtun 

ManagementNi I ni 



El T^l r^rOc CUKREHCE [\ hDEJ^ ITiON 



Svnurionn's l>^rciilis 


G4 


S2 




P h.LM \p:^ ,^jm,vi riy^ is eaiadcisiE Ened 


GJ 


S3 




Bet u ki i^ Lbnil u k:^,L'LLLn.'x utncitia sh nbfeiMl 


G4n 


S4 




Cjrc\ LisiiM.Lirrxi ^ J itujceois ve^d ID! 


G5 


£5 




Pcdtind 


Z 


Z 





129 



28 CiydBlFen 

Luc \ I ^f>^ 

CiyAjLFci i'>kK'^LiH in I hL' Nf l^ioh Mou ncLnn*^ W ■Jdi^mc'Ss la I ^l' c^vi fccilijIL^ iif [ h? "^^uLIil^ci M L'SttLia Mmstuiis 

nciir Lht hmJ W4iL'c> of LhL' £ W4ifi RiVLTtiulonc mjk CLitl of Ciy4 jI Ljkc I From Hh^ y S j ol [ he d ivjJl' thH^^m 4 he 

ClKifwJcrjnd Svyuj\ nv^zis Lum wl^ in El^ivci Cn.^!: ficxipJ^FE Rd ^C!6j T cavcl Hti* liwiM on ^C!6 fiif 4.13 ^ miLcsto 

tlic I raiLhc4id forTnim H]ktOJ nik' nojlli co jikLki* ^ il h T qii] J5 1 ol [ he tnp of tin: Tidf ?. [ [ici ^^uLliwcf 

Rif L miLclochc \KAn\ ubuvt I [ic scuc h^'cl ix]ntrnf4[LC wctLuid Jvtbibk to i be non h fmn I ihj l> Hike dowGlDfic 

crcNr-ciivii ry co fL^n 

Ttic hitt con^L4^ nf J nid- tJtvU Lcm ]xi*d aftd prolLind ixcnpy in^ j nid-^Lopz b^Kh icur tin: Iic^wljccih of [lit SwLin 
R]vtr Tht powl L'>dci:p C4L J accrs in si^l' jnd fringed "^ lIIi floJ Jig or^^jc ntl^ fcjluTiiig Ctir:;^ liv idti ljhI 
Dmitra uh^Ieli E^ nf Iht [unJ L'>t] 1 4ic'n: L'^poftSL' iif C^rtx Liuiictifjxj U[itiMl'> su rnivftdin^ I hi: wl^i bnd 1i:j¥cel 
hrgi: compom^nc iif wf^ L'ra Lin-li ^ Ljn;^ cc(:idi:i]|jl L'>i kidfcpiik fiinc ( Pjii]'> cii*4oda? is coEnmrm on I hL' kiiflh ^idc 
of tbt watud 

Kn &V iPLO Hw Ewa L F ^ c Tonj; 

^4ittr inpnl vyk\^k mjintJinschc high woli^rtjbLc ls (:nl kul 4o I ht sitt ^'acr »nnE^c muy he sctf^t from 4 ht S'^^i 

R3Vi:rtD[hc^al 

FUiriY 



OriEE Values 



CrmdjlLon 



UpLhHDS 



iHFORMATlPHNECD'i 

I IE ml bcH^uiictJ Hvrvc^'s cond nci cd b}' S EticlLy jnd S ClitiJdi^Ln 1992. 



ManagementNeeds 



El HI I M OC CUi.REHCE [-^ I OWil\ M KJ^ 



LFnbd 


Z 


Z 


DlQKIBBaRlku 


G5 


S2 


CUFTX livid EL 


G5 


SJ 



13Q 



29 FoDlhills Meadow 

Fnol hiLL'> Mi:4idc:n^ islcicJcd inltic Sv^m VaJky of non h'^cd N^oul jnti m [ he Sn«p Cici:k dninugL' tibi^ui^ aijlL:4> »:)li£ h 
oF Swja L^jkc N^ifllanj 

Fnol hiLL'> M?4ido^ is u sf ri»> oF 4 wdLind't ^ ru ig tik^o^ ^ 4 ntmmy iiT Sou p C rL^ck Lie 4 [ic bcthc iif [ he SwjnKdn^c 
Each iif 4 [ic "^d Loids htis d Jci^iiiflL' th.'uvLTdL^rn inlhL' wclJ jnd. aid "^^rnctiinLS axon: [h^u one ThL' c^vieniiniid 
i^d tind (.onldins 5 commiiE ics hcukcd s[:dge LCjfL^h; ul CKuLm^^ 4iwncJ "^^e ^ Caiei d [icnidcsi jnd Di^rnmo* 
"f pi)j:nsk ( ELciic htins jxiLu^nsKornmiiE ics Ji Llii: sliLjIkx^ nujiyli aiou nd I ht Raf° in^s WLier [iochlIjiI inltic 
■wjk- btKcomLiH d«prni3D»fc m [ he cl^hI lt ol I fcL" ^ct laad _ aiHl "^pruLL^VRzd-tKiLT dc^i^txx] L PjccaVConis "^"riLL^J forc^ 
titiDi'L' 4 [k: sh£ JLow mjr^ti comrninjl > TLl' bHz^vcrdjrn ai tlit rmLkJ LsinLad tiod micrgnin^ a wil h tikJcr "^ Llk>w , jod 
dc^'^xxxJ Thnc Ls a dcfln Jc stiorL'ljii: 4. uL b> xviivt 4ia irm oa I ht sti4 [i suk of [ he "^d LjhI. fti>w qiiLli: j hJ jbuvc 
LicpTChtnL wjlcr level- Lnd LC£y in£ Lim lie Ml L" iiKC "^iifcd jmife wJcr Ai yi>u pnigiuwi 4k>wii [ he eicct. jtn «>iik 
LoIIlc neU ^"d Ljftd^ wliic h d j complex iif fea. Emirsk^ jnd foiled wdliind.The lorL"led ^ftlaod is t] yen' setuLI 
pdt:]] of ^ol eru i^ cixJar/OLikreni (Th uj J j^KLiii^^ > ETincK'drpiu rn d n^o]1 L'rLS? ^ b> nJd f ro^l li cedar 

Tliw cranniiaity ^rjdcs iilo spnw-tyred CTiier do^ft-otxj focH TIil" Hffuce ajc iiivud inj Jn jdjai^enL . fairiy d r> tcaicd 
■^gc comniinily ^^ Kicli ]■> TftutJi cd fiom a fL^n !>}■ tincc tier th."jvcrd jrn_ T he fcji i-^nigLi^ b^ a ianl-Lo-cLHjfy h:^ 
biKhcBdLiLintiu)c(miniuLJl>. whiLl] hn^im underdiH^' wih ■■ii>[:ious l'^^jl T^rti^ in sjx:4s. ThL' L^a is donuulL'^l by 
"fkridcrwdgcLCare^ bhKxarpLi) ^ iLli a sp^uHC in'L'rnor^' of lianbicn hnJrusl] ^ ^iipns ^^uLns? A»K:cEii ed s^eclcs 
tut Eiituu m's ■9:d£c ( Caiet huslxmaiui yeLkj^^ scdje (CtifCit flav^l j rcta scdje (Ctireit cwdenl cofc-^Rxi f Pdjsil cs 
KogiLLic us^ nod [lctti bvgle^'eed {LycofiuMiiijniif us? \xj^ tm. kbcdn IN^tn yiiri lies [ rilolitlai sltnder spikerimk 
( Ekcichans Lennis^ and Kdlin^ kihclu (LolieLia kaLmjiJ A^uilt^oie re^'caJLiH j pcti dcflli of ahiivl ^UrErubovca 
£ le>cd ciiiy tiyer Theit^L wdJjnd diVA'i]4 retm is mncli ^'dccr tlian I lie pfcv lou*^ 4 h^tK jnd d 4. harjcl tri/ed by 
"v^ tmJ LV.I ivc Ixavcr d4inis "^ liLch havt [undcd wjIltijiIo awiiL'd scd^caul b^-jL.'d h^^c n1a[^kconnlI]^llK^s^ wliKhgiade 
iBtD a DruiTm^nd y wilkin^ybcdkcd "^"d^cCSalLKdrumnondujiLVU^LJCi uLncnLdJ? skru bland 

Kn &V iPLO Hw Ewa L E ^ c Toaj; 

G ronDd "^"ai er f[im I ht £ou p € reek tnbntar}' aKf unpcrvftdncii of ^v^crund Kdincsrs by bea^'crdunLS have trcei major 

&noi2> dnving [ he tamalian of Lhe pfeinL conEnu n lLioi in I tioie wa land^ 

RARnr 

Tlicic Lsafx^pultiioniif >c]k)w I^J > ^ slipper ^ C > prifcdiin pucF ifk^nnj inihAi bh;)^ hjrcli cair d IIleiScc Tbr 

pcdlLind bJs pLccri Ltd liabiLLi fon^heritirepijiit spc^-ies buL UKie wen: fiivftd d u nn^ my ciisoiy s«rvey 

Q her Values 

Tlic I:e4iyer [K^nds 4i [ Ills SLie liavc creai ed que ti bil ofliabLtLicdivcr^ily Then: u^ an 4KT ive h:aver dan ]■ one 
ol Llie wa lands, and [ heie is a dncd onl bcJv'crpLmd ]■ aftiH lieriif [ he "^d kinds. Tliis liabilLic divcisil y pn^viJcs 
e\4.elLeri wildlife habJal NfuusL^si^n WLis SLvn Ji one arci, jnd sfidccd frogs "^cic i^^cn in j|] LIikc wet lands I hJ 
I visited. 

CP'SniTlQM 

H u nier. pcnhibly use tlie i^^rt Itiids m [ he faJI Liij^inj fct^ iiccined ^JuLli of Llie Nng bi reli can i n < lie pril land 
Part L^ili^ Lo^^L^l kife^ ngh ne^c 4o I he carr jpfXMiud Ll^ bk: a "^pnjLe-'l IckJ Iil^jt^I^uI l Pkc^lVElj uisJ in acL en^'j 
cimniunily TjnlxrbjrFed ab:uK?irrcd n^hi 4o I he edf e of I he we^enncH wetland T\bz prL"4.'n4.e l^ e^aiLsin 
tlie p.'^y tind su^ols I hid K)rnediduttunce4.oi]Jd haveltiken pticc t here Ji Llie ]xi4 o]>:n ing t lie "^ny to weals 
Eiux ics ixcincd in j nu nbcr iif pltiri comrnnii]! lcs. Ftiches of Canjda I hci le ^Cjisjin aR en'^'j aul reed canaty 
C Phatms aru nd inLEetii (xcnr in d ner jxirts iif 4 lie bcukcd "^^d^c comnnnily all houg h 4 III^ inv^thivc £ tu^ h^thi^ 
tegiiLodnnintle Itirgepurtsiif llic h^'dkindsyd Thepetiland aL^h^LS»:)rnee;uxics Ji il Forc\ain|Tk Iherctirc 
"Vdllercd nitirsh »::n^i h ud k C Sonchis n hginosu*^) ji tlic lender salge 4.ornniiiEy aul Llie cair liah pLlclics of h igli 
cin'er of nxosh si>w1 hci le. Canada I hci le aid mnJkji ( VeH^Jhcu m t haphvsi. Tlijs is one of Llie few [CLic lands in 
"^liLch I en4.onnl ered t h Ls niaiy eiiH Lcs. 

L>EAHDJ 

A^ BtJted above, [bim ^ands have been krgged nglil uplc The edge r^ the wetlund in sjx:4s. 4ind 4 here Iilti h:ci 
addi lonal kiggin^ ^ il hin I he drainage ipd trnn N^kiggjig RXkf s eirt^ t he ^"d Itikds. but HeveraL 4. ris^ 4 lie Si^p 
Cicek 4 nbnlaiy whiLli fk>ws inlo the ih'cl Likd The pfeseftLC ol e'ux ics Ji Llie p.^^ 1:lm1 su^^e^s 4 hai SDmc 
d Ltirbuue cou Id haveLdkciplat-ellicie in the puH . opciin^ Ihe wa> Lo weeds 



Ihformatiph Needs 

A uxwc dflEukd laidEC hidofyor[hc^'cttiHl'irn]gh ln^LpclLinfy^tiy weed kvL'L'>uju r^ljlJVL'ly [iL^h la^oini^iif 
Llics: "^d tind ccTinnu aLl]f^ 1 f LliL"?? "^il fs wi:r: [UJt of t] ^ ri/in^ jlkn aicri ]i[hiZ]%Ei Lln^ac^lL? u^coiilrl Live 
spr^al L hi: WK4fc>. However. Li^ tib» pus±iibLc Lhd wiULifc tud llud u^iag wJcr kvels jic rrf^jx^iui]!}!:. 

MahagemthtNi I P^ 

l^ul ire I III I k f hLLPrV^ HhiviLJ enipio}' » r^LiaL'^ide JinnLi^^zinenL /lUie huflcis le^L co 4 [i^: wdLiDd'^ Jn LiddilKm. 
rnrmjlurjig of Lhe rccd (: JEmjy^ rL£u> fx^pu iLic ion h^tivkJ K' lieLpI uL 4o dctcnnioc whdliLT il ^ jh. r^LSiin^ jnd h^hdliLT 
rnL^n^inenL ^biljL^ ls WLirruiiccd Lnt^cwIioJ il w [iLle Jevcbi jr: kpfy 

EL£7I I M OC CURREHCE [^ I ORbl \^nQY^ 



Pkki *.ri''a^rii u^ ^ijJniiferj fiMurf 


G3 


S3Si 


T\l\i\'j\ pliLti^L^^v nncx^rpiu ni d r'l^ tns fni« 


G3 


S3 


Cure^ nx^rtLi hcita^coos vt^d^d na 


G5 


S5 


ELctxhLiris ntilu^n^ he jttin7<^u*i ^ L^jid J ua 


G5 


S5 


EqLiL'^Tuni fli^LUilc hcrKx l^^u^ ^ l^dlI^iJ ua 


G5 


£5 


Can:^ .illiL"nxlL"> h^: rk ^ ^__l uhti 


G5 


£5 


Sulix d nnETiond ia[m^tirL'\ ui nt u Licti sh rublaAd 


G5 


S5 


Pcituid 


Z 


Z 


C V pn [Kd i ■ n |iar> ifla nn 


G5 


£3 



132 



30 Logan Creek Meadow 



Lc|^ Cictk Mc^ow c:c4. u r^ 1^ a LnbuL jcy Ln L()£^ C R:i:k Ji Llii: SuJciti Mii«il4Ui'> of iiLHili'^al N^ifllanLJ 

RjCHHES 

TtiL^ sUt nccurt dinag a ^rnuLI km-^ oid iL^nc JricTuiJllcil LTihi]l4ir> of LogjnCnN:!: £cvi:raJold jbcmdruinj h^avtr 
dunh jlon^4hs:ciUL'kbuckihiis:ripiiiloshtilk:n^ j»^ Wdspnc? liifL'^ f-L^i Jii^uyh Liftdc4iTrcimmunilK!scx:4.ur 
tifound 4 [i^^hL' th."jvs:r piiwlv \Honc nun'c^ ip [ h? creek, d pJIcni of conunii il il's i^pc;!^ il^lf ^^[mJk^w fx^nd "^Lili 
Its bhitLnin cuvcicd by4[LcaJg4KChani!i[i , is '>i]tri«kJ i^d b> l^ nod^c cimmu n il y. i:il hi^r b.'alLcd mxI^c (Clid.'^ 
ut ncitMu? orskftdLT "^"^f^: C C£Lrc\ IjsKE^irp^U 4.oinnu niLJc^ T he fx^nd nay havL' l^ ^and of "^"ai lt lioisatiiL iicciinnf 
onskil]QW aiud njl'>.Tl]L''tJ.'{l^ci:imniunily ^ridL's JrioLmkrub4.oinnLiaLly4isonc aiov'cs L^W4iy fmrn [ he fx^od Bog 
bi rcli^tleidi^r "^"dj^c C Bd iti f I^Eid LikiKo^ari:^ Umicafj^j^ hiig biKk^lx^^kcd "^^l' Lind Dnimnu^d's'MlkvA'/lK'^ikL'^l 
"^gi: 4 SaJi;^ dniEnmiifldijnti^un:^ ■! ncuLiJj "^h nibLiftds tiIU>Lcu r akm^ Lhis "d nig ol v-'cl LihK ThL' stinjbijnd 4 hei 
2 RidL's Jrio L^ Hff uci:^hJLicji>]ri ici^d^ia^ lorc^ hi^kvA'chc ncn hc^n'LTdLiai v-ki^k lomiL^ELuhcrpLiEid Sojlcx^rc^ 
tjkcn in so'crdL iif [ he cimaiu n It jcs rtyc4iJL'd iif^tmu. "^^ils ranging in [ h ickoc^ I cim JC^ 7C>Lin Tht ■pfeinds arc 
domiutL'd by spncc ( Fjccd s{i ) LcdfCfuLe [hhl' l PJi v> cooiona} bu nctitETT^' (Coruus mi jdcKM^^ ^uid Ldbrailuf le^ 
C Lfd u m ^laHlik^Liai) 

K^¥ &V IPLO HW EHTK 1 F^ C TQ15 

Bfavtr EEti^ Lty hih n ruo^Ly laflitnccd [ he vcgd^t ion ai LlnssJc. 



Th^TZ Lst] fx^pu iLic KU] uf [ he raicphnc kidiiL'y-kLival vtoJd ^ V k>1j iL^ailuLmJ^ l1 [ [lls sitt \i nccnrtoi rnciH>y 
iodwud kitffirncKkb ]■ [ he wcl sprucL' foiefl 

Qtiee Vmifj; 

Laj^e bcjrHctls aH Lcr nihb]ip>_ and [mxKe tniL ky wcr: obwrrved mlicsilL" NQCiinert K^l^ lt tii:l iv ly wim 

obwzn'cd 

Ttieie art pn^btjbLy noLoAdiHcsd IliissJe bui hiriing Turesof rcnJ caAjr^'grsK 4 PhaLiny dniod inaced? Cjq^j 
tl] l4 Le (CiiMiiin tin'L'Qsi:! uod hu l] Lliid Lc (Cir^nin vu Ig^fL') jcl' pfcwri ji LIil' hj-iH^^: tiul "^h m b comrnni] il ks. Thf^ 
cidLcsccnkJ pnt^Jltircd LotliciJe inltie fri urr w J [i cbaigc^ la Lhi: [lydrokigK rc^ iim:. "^ ildJift dci uitsuice^ 
or ctliLT d 1^1 id^icc 

UrLAtfna 

Lc^inf hjsix^cLirred jh [ he uplands ic^ir [ he sjle jod u kiggio^ n:ud nirui jLon^ 4 [le bohL'iif [he h iJI li 4 [le »jli£ h 

edgtuTlhe '^'etLuid. 

lHFaRMAi»H Needs 



Maha gemehtNi I D^ 

^lon ikHing of LliL' ji-'L^d 4. jruLjyf RiUi popu Li ion d icedcd 4o ddcrnnnc "^ [id ^lt Jl 's l^u.Ie4l^^■g in l^^Ll^hL tind jfsa^ 

hipfy quickly 



ElEU ENTOc EUKREHCE [\ hORbl ^TXJN 



Pk^ bf^cidofnagiod \s{ can^to^i^ foici 


G3 


S3 




Eel u la gland uki^iaex utncaba sb labbMl 


G4'' 


S4 




Cairx bsDcaqn brrtflccovs ve^d km 


G5 


£5 




CaiEx iQdrxa heituccoE v^ddiai 


G5 


S5 




EqaL-^ u m fli^ eU lie hcdxx-L^^us ^ L'^cl^y Hua 


G5 


£5 




E« u ki gj jnd u Kxi^vClUU^ k'chKH.LLiTti shm blaul 


G4 


S4 




SLiLi^dnahniondiLinLLVi.LirL'\ ul rh. u kfLi sh nibtoHl 


G5 


S5 





133 



31 limerl^^ Creek Bottom 

SAz l^ [3 nUL's ftiHlhwd uf [ he u pprr end of ^V hicrHk Lake 



RlTBNE 



S Jc OX u r?i Ljlonf 4 [le k:n^-grjd Lcri lxi4 km liUds uf Ui^y € crctz lulJ iIs I nhuUrics. Thi: wlIlt "^^u r^t is net clrar, 
but n::^ Li kcLy ]i^'iilva> "^i^rni: cornhjulxi* of ^ ruu od woli^r tiul "^Tfjcc fljws I cxun Ltizy CrL^ck A k^g JiLAmin^ tundiiT 
t]i tikJcr^ A Inns s[i HornmiiEy ixc'iis aki*g LIil' creek jh pli^cs Aklcr-lcuvnJ hnckihoriLFLliLininusjIiir^Ei? 
sh nibLoHls tibu iiccir ui Llit sec TliL^n: 4IK tibu Lir^c auorsky dcpfosiLon't doaiiiiLxnl by hc^kcd »zJgt JCimx 
uLncitiid) coEnmiiE > Wet spmcc lorc^s ump::M:d ol "q^rut^i^/rLckJ liorsimL I PEca ^pTEqiEd in drFcnsf | Eud 
spm4.i:/sku n k 4. jbb^i: 4 Pkcu sp^L^'sichioa drnL'ctL jriLiai) cxmirniJiiJl Lcs c:c4. u r Oil ^ u rial giound icior [ he L ribuLLJCKS 
ol buy Ccrck SomL' ku^e "^d mL'^mv^ do nil n Lie cd by 4 ke e:^c4 k. Ki^nl «l ky MuegnoHS L Pnu pcJensbJ ccc u r rm d ni:r 
Ijnd Lie 4 kesLlL' Tke upkiftdstirL'dSfnjce/lxLKJLily (PiccLJ'tp^lLnLoiiJLJiijflurjj locrA. 

Kl \ B^V IRO HH ENIA L 1 '.( MhFLS 

TkcuiinfiLci k>'d[uti]^> id Ihciscc is [ h? c^Ef fLKlcr ^tu(:4 u nig phoi commiiJl lcs Ji L h ls "^cttind. 

Gcr^i kcL'Ic^l cai i^giLOHS LEn^pk^^njin vjTidjLtLTJftiiiiiri h Ls ii*L' rjfL' ptuiL Lliidi uct^Lics J Lhthsdc Tlit bdciobo 
Ruppon^dn ixcLincKC of I hi: rjci: spriH-cVskLink c^thh^c cimaiunty. 

Qtiee Values 

Tkc^ilL' likely piuv idcs vLjLuubb wdLind bjhjU lof wiklbfc 

CD'SD]7X>N 

Eiu^E^fT forsimc fin.'^'txxf cuiLJig J Lhi:sc? ^^L^^^l[l^. Lil4 tc l^oi h rupjgniic dbt u diciiiix ufpciofs [o bjvc ixcn 
Llic sjic. Til? wd mcuJiiw domjiLiicd by Ki^nLncky hlic^ r^t^ ls elo kngtr giLozoJ EiiH lcs domioLii ■: 4 kc wd [nc4ido^ 
conaiunily Ki^oiucky bliiL'f cu^ l^ 4 kc doaiiiiL^ai species. 4ifid CioAiidu I hci li: [C]i\jin L3r^'i:ns?> I irmlliy ^ PkLcin 
pmlens^i Ljnd hul4{:rjnd e^g*^ ^ Ljftjnii vu IgLirvi) ion: coETumii]. Pttd Unb^r ^jpfC^ laoJ c^4 L? f r^i/Ln^ Live Inwcrcd 
tlic ecDlogELjL loicgriLy of tills coEnmnnJ^ . 

Vfi h ^ P s 

Tkc site El surnmnd^zd b> L^re^thlhjl k^iVL'b.'ci logged Ththk^^ia^ iray kave c^ime^l lEu.nrj^'d windlhiowdnd 

incmiszd szdjvKildiini U IhesUe TheLo^in^ nx^s ]a I he ■irfeinds arc ijLq:) pjpitir mils br ko[^c]xiPLk ckJ ing 

IhFPKII hTMM^lEEPS 

TkL^ to^c ^ t received iiflly CLicHOfy in^ virion' L^od fu rt kszr invcrion' of "^d tiMl pli^ai cornmiiE id is ncednJ Id 
dcxincnl v^hiH cunEnunilEsoxurtilkcsLle [heircil^znl.jndlkc ciik of bcj>?r aa ivjl > Ji < JU(:4 u nig llie sec 

M-iFrtGEni M Needs 

Fnither Inggjig uftd lirev-xxxj cucliig i^pccri kiclicsjls: needs 4o JkLorpi^rjle ^1 re^unhLdc mLjruLgenieru /x^nc bulfec> 

U L3 miaLEnn m. 



P H.L\L sfi'LXj u iH_T u m .in i: nsL" Tjrerf 


Gi 


S3 




PiLe-^L s[i-'K siL h Nil* Liih^riLLiiin Jom 


G2 


s: 




Plu iHii^nHth liertucemjs v^zgettiion 


G5 


SE 




Cj\rc\ rLXiJrtLi hclt4KeoLl^ ve^d J Kna 


G5 


S5 





134 



32 Ninemile l=en 

NLncnLk'fci l'> k>:4iL'il lI [ [ic »:)uLl] end of [ he WtnlL^rEiti Kungc. s[:vtRi] rn]][^ elofI hnn of ColnintTGi F^LIe. 

RlCBNt3& 



Two dcpirsKHmL wd] jnd*^ nalLiMip Nioenilc Fm T hey tirt gLicualLy fnruicd frllirdKovcrdndr^LllEC ptircol 
mdcnol The ori L^m l^l' is t] pnor fci^ L^^ b}' | [ii«HlwLi?r uul "^ itli d ^u rftiL^L' mil kJ Lo [ [ic "^^uLli. Tlic WL'^crn 
pcthDlt be t'^'o rmwi Jn^^'s LliLic 4. hunoc] "^"^ lt li> [liL' '>jlc und Jl leu htis l^ nvrlucc ouLJd co I hL' ^uui h The 
"^04 i:ru ]>n4 hik ^orQ> rni^K "^u rtjci: WLic^r [ ht]i Llii: ill [icr oiii:. aiHl ciKJ kJ Iil^vc bcLii d Liii: la I ht uJ lix>dL44inL 
pud T[LCCL£lLTi] ftn EiikminJcd b> j'>]i:ndi:r»rdgtlC4iK\ Il£iLC>:4IT^> cornmLiniLy ljelJ iI ub:) biP; d sai^ilLcr [ciic h 
of Biituu m's "^"d^c ^ Cajci bu^ btJiniO cornmiiEy Ttic cl"! of Lin: fci l'> a (^L^jnpkzi ni::c n\ l^ vjnou*^ ptLJil 
cuffiETiu n il ]l:s [ htl jjhIjvkJ uaJI> un: 44XJ hveiJI lo mtt js i:li:rnL'ru ixcinuH.cs. bui wlijc h 4idd 4o I hL' bjbildl d lvcihjI > 
oFLlii^'tC^: P^it.liL's iif Mu^zjiiiru ii:cdgi;iHS [C jLoMugro^ b CLiiLiHcKSb) tiod JiflLiccJ "^^d^c ^ Carc;^ vniLCdn^i} [cul to 
\x in d tjlt Liod ^'aLcrEirrT^Lsn^MrlliL'naj^in'f Khpctl LVL'ly Aa undL'^Tib.'^l pliiDl ^HMXiiixi*^ snalL- fnj iLcd 
bu Inish IScjTpus nicrcicarpus? atxu:i.c uiMn ilrkT tircas n^dr Lin: nai^ in L^od ^vUcr biHHCiLuUFq u Lscinm 
IIliv uJ Lit J cxM. u rMi tmcaij- pcnruncQi Ly nixiJLiH /x^nc ThL"«: comrni]i]]l ks ml tr^rjHc Ln »Linic cncri . and hdetic havta 
^ro«ftd l^>criif Spli j^num s{i 4ind Aitbixmin in m "^p mraihfs. A f?w of I In: drii:r ]%ichcs Ln I hL' slculE^r scd^c cimEnu n il y 
aiLM ruL" "thltind*i". wi li ^ h il L" piac: C Finns miMil in^J. ^ l"4l"™ red tedtir CTlinjj piicjluj. spmcc C P iccaj. £Lnd licuv> 
Sp4L^nunisp ll^lt Wc^cm crd ^.cJjr^'q ucL^n-cnp ^[^lpJ LiJ} (Thi^L pLicJ^i/C Linli>niJ u ailkiu) cxminmn il y lomilhL' 
upLiod j[ii«ftd Lin: ^"d L^iftd Thi: wcHcin [u holt is dnmioai fd by t] Ix4ikcd m^J^c ^ Carc;^ nLTiciiLjJai crannu aiLy Vrki^h 
vy^i^^-wcrcd by by wjIlt Lcio dctfi li> "^^t 4 [ircvgh J LhLMinic I visccd il S u rR>nnd]ig Lin: h:al:ixl scdgi: coaimnn J > 
in sliglil ]y NliaLli^wcr W4itLT Ls ti b^udol coainirm spLkcmsli ^ FL^ich^LiLS [uJuh n^) coaimnnjl y. wlijc h ixcurs on \i 
rt^ i[L£ niid . ] n iivlcr yx^nc ls ti "^"ai tr liondajl coEnmnn J > . whEli l^ la sJi^hi ly ^haJkiwi:r ^iicr 4 hai Lin: pKvxivs 
cijnEnunily Nnspha^nnm ispcr^nl Ji Lin: i^'a bnd . ^ind lL W4KquEC innndLioJ ti I [n: [ imi: iif 4 [ic ^il ■: veilL. 

Kn B4V IPLD HH EN~n L F ^ C TDL'S 



T [LLf sUtis homr to 4 rjFt ptinl fxipulainn"^ peer hrdgc (Cair^L pmifEiuitii p::df rus> ( SctLcnctiztr^ [olLid rvOn 
non [icrn 4iddtr's Luigit 40ph ir^ kHt«n pns]ILu m) tud Bn4 lyctiLU m (.luiitii in Ttic fji4 Lwo 4IK ^pcc ihi iif pcur ftns. 
Ttic [ELiiljnd biK iiflt LiEu^runnm pliinL (^omnLiaLLy I hi: B ui^banm^ scdf c coaimnn J > . aH [lou^Il I his cccnnuncc l^tjcIilt 
"frnjLI. 



Otife Valines 



CoHPmciH 

Tticic Ls a rL^ acciiHS I hi: wi:?ttn cdgt of [ hci:ad tru ]y^ hiik I hrcioi^ h d »aMl ol ^vUcr hiir'^mL GE^^dust I lit 
h>'dRil:^^> of 4 [ll^ fL'n is pnoriy ■ftdL'nlcyxl i^kiH cLcjr^hcltLcrltit irxid hLi^dn inip^id oa ^vUcr fliVA' [ h rou^ [i I ht 
ftn. T hcrt aci' u> alitr hod Lii£s of I hi: fta CLirrcoi ly. No t^ajL*^ K l'r: obsi^rycJ in [ he "^d LaMls^ dll hii«gh on iii4^ 
J 1 6D I htn: El J |Uf«tii ua of iHaigt hawk'^ccd 4 H LcrjpLiLini 4in rani Eicu ai) Thb spccK^s "^tcms li> EJvor nxwi hjbildls, 
but t hjsrux Hffc^ [o 4iny iif [ he d rKr pun*^ iif [ he fen. 

L> LANDS 

Ttie u pLind^ ]nmedEirt]y aiDU nd 4 [lc [u holc^i lift Lnisd ^on^d-f cnwl h Fbira , Int [ he fom tn 4 [ic !iu FTonnd iig 
viCLniLy hai't th.^1 k^gL-il lieaviL> 

hn^p I ^ FK^^ Needs 

I li^ ^^.hln "^^UKt for I ht AHCin ftn iKils^wly. 

M^'< ^ G Kn r^T We E [>^ 

A[L> fLun r: [ in^bcr lmn'i:id arou nd I [icbj: wtt I jod^ skiivkJ tEnpli^ a ^K^unsidt naAJ^cvKnL £4nt bvffcr. 



135 



BbIENTOc CURREHCE lNH>l:nA11D N 



CoiTX bflitKhumiE liL'rfKhc L'^^us ^ sz^ctLl ion 


G3 


SJ 




C\:\rc^ LL^KXLirjxi fcLNtiJCi^iJU^ ^vgdl:c KM! 


G5 


S."^ 




HIlhx hLirts jxiLu^ JT> h^: rkh.i7<^u*i \ l^^ J .y Km 


G5 


S5 




Lqui^Tum tJi^LUilo horlxK L^m\ ^ l'^lIlU ua 


G5 


S5 





13G 



33 Roixid Meadow-Meadow Lake 

Sac L^kx^dlHJ Ji Lli? S4 LllwLicr Vjlltv iif nod [ih^ L"4 Monmoa, jlxmi 2 rn]ks ciA of OLncy 

T [lis sjLl' is ciKiifxiNzJ ol I wo dcpiGihiont]l wc4 LoAds. Rou nd Ml'i^ow tud Mc^nw Ljkc^ kx^LioJ jn [ he ^ iLiiLEii c^l ^criLy 
RilLmg buLom of LliL' Kocky Mourutiin T r^ncti A '>inii]] cfL^ck d r^uKS Mc^cn^ Ldk? tiod flcin^'^ 4 [ici^ugl] Ri^nd Nk^Jow Tht 
pnauory wjIlt "^rnjKi: rn~ N^ci^va' UiIll' is i]l:4 knoh^i Round NfL"jpJoh^ l'> p[rdorn]ftiintJy ^^Ll[^k tiul ^^^^^z aKikfin^ 
vcgrtaicM. 

tlic Ecnri^r of 4 [ic ^Lli: IS t] "^Dndcr salgi: ICjr:x Losux^dr^) cornmiiiy sinoLiadal b> j bund uf bh^^kcd ?edgt (Cmcx 
ut ricitiid? coETuniiE > Aa uwiliH sliJ^c lClih:^ jIIil'cixIcs) jod BjXk. nsti Uu ncv> bull icus) coEnrnnii]! y t]ls:uiccir in 
Ll] IS "^d kind. TliL' Honl h cod of Ihciini^LKJow htis t] hLick ciUcon'^xxxJ/rcd-osn^r dci^'^xxxJ LP'^ftuJusluL^aiifci^i'^qx 
LncbiXLiqu^iif n us s[:ric{M) coaimnn il y "> h lcL is "^Ijgh Ly i:li:v^ c^l dlxn'LM hi: si^dgi: cornmiii ic?i. hue wliith d 
cicctHiLontJLy nixiJcd b}' higli wdlLTiiichc mc^o^ Mc^o^ Ldkc LS'^ilulcd Ji ti Ixviin ^^ Jl li Lin l'h r^inL'ly Low 
f RidiL'ni r^Hflhin^ in widL' mHoncs and bciud jr:li^ iif (.oinnu niljcs whK.1] nion: ofl i^n OLCLi[i> ulactow tunds.Thc 
domjLinL 4.LunnLinLly J Mcjd^pfy L^jkc u^ r.'cd 4. jntuygi^iHS L Fbiili^ris ucihIikjccl^j^ wliic h fonas a ncdr uxiftoc u ll irc dh Llic 
d rkr. outtr cJgt of [ he "^cttind jnd Vr'h\c\\ is^conifx^ncri Jincaily aJI I htul htrDi^EnrninjI lcs Lie 4 [lc^lIi: A 
CDffimon sfiksZTU'^h ^ElL'^ich.kns pjli4 rtsj amm u n iLy fiinnsti bni^id b^iwlLl Lisli^hily Lower tk'v^y urn I h.hn 4 lu: cnrd 
cdULin gr^tHfi cxmimuiiJi } ThL'R: lUU liIm:) nk ndLT ^^d^e C Caiui iLE^kxaipLih wile i s^dgi: lCuh:^ jquLC iJisj jnd bjrd^rzn 
bu LIll^h I Sc iTpu*^ 4icu£ us) co[nrni]i]]l Ks t1 N^cadow' L^ib^. as well ls un ■■■svjIaMl u ndcscnb^ ycLLcin^ scdf c (Ceuch 
riLV jj connin n il y^ wlijc h ixcLic> in a ^y u ncd /(^nc aiou nd 4 Lie LjjkD^OK. Tliis comrnnii J > isdomjulL'd h}' y'clhuw 
■^i^L' L^nd lhL'ii*l> L£«::cEii cd spLCLCs LifL' dnjsli C Jin4.us sp ) wai lt nmajtwcc^h PoLy^on u m ampfcibLU m^ and r^d 
cdntin'^noHi TLic ^nuc ic coEnrnnn J > wiisnc:4 ob^^ncd l"u.l'[t fiom a d u^dnci: wolLTljIy L NLiptuhr np ) Lind hnr-iL^cd 
C SpuigunLU m sp i WL^rc pcrwrt A wd ^jwik-l" forM njnifxxi^ ofsftncc^fiL^ld kHSL^JiUPiCL".! s^p-^Eitiu Lsn u m ajvcKicI 
UAd spm^L'jyknnk (.Ljbbugt IPiTfa spVL>?iic[LLt u rn aini^ncdn u rn> ixciis tirc^u nd 4 [ic nod Li L^nd iif NkLiiJow biLL' The 
"^pmLL'^rLekJ lion^ml conirnnnjl > js pn.'scnc ly doniiiiLccd by wlIlt horsi^jdi] ( Eqicd nn flnvidljk ? in tkc 
nndcElufy. 

FCr^ &v iKO HH ENia l F ^ c Ton^ 

TLic ^amorpliL^^} lihI h>xl n^Lc:^ > iif 4 Lichc 4 khi wd LaAds turl kL' pnnajy foKfs » nd nnng [iLjJii coEnrnn n il k!s d Lkt 
E)tf StvcrdLiiU l:cavi:r ledges wi: FT iihszTvol in Nk^cin^ Ltiki: Lind JsjxiWtibL? b^4i>?rnuj> Imvc alHCT ph>'cd a rat 
in 4 [ic ^tik:4 u rjig wdkind comnnnitjfs 

RhEIT^ 

Th^'crraj^ pljnisoLcnrd "Mk Ronnd M^^dcin^ jnd N^l'^kKva' LjIj: TLlcsc 4 h^'o spec ifs die ^di:r^ kiflgit fOph logkHinEn 
pusilinn) t]ftd "^TTcd gi^nLidD^HtiLciELdcfli^iUi? T h ut slIl' Ldsi:» has tiicxM. u rrL'ncL' uf [ he raic :q)TiiCi:Aiknn)j:abl]tigc 
cuffiETiu n iLy ( Picf^L^ich Llnm uncncaiin). 

Otiee Values 



CD'Sn]TT!]N 

Nacnrrcnl J jnd u-^cs lart c^'idcnt Et t he sj(c_ Rccd cruiar^'^ rjt> C JULiJa [ h i"^ k C C i rii u m [u^-t»sc)_ rcdtop f ^gir^is 
dnkniftuy ni^iisli KiHM h 14 k C Sonckis u Ij^inosus^ £Lnd KL^nliLk^ Mu^grLtHS l P^u fTLl^nHthj Lir: liLI <:^l:4 k.s [ hti 
turfbnnd lcILlc^iIl' RL'cd cdntuygno^i is cL^dKy 4 Lli: nu:^ pcntrknulic wc^d I lit scc^ js lI (:m'i:E> a iLir^t 
cipun'^: of 4 kL' M{Mdc:n^ Ltik<: hi'dLind jnd thpfcsi^il in snuLkr anuu nis in nxid of 4 Lie (^OKinu nilJL"^ J [xxh wctbnds 
T [ll^ ^.nucHL' gr^H^ kiK bLvn dcwntfLiH js tn'^ [i Li nLi n L' jnd l'^ an. species 4ind pLi[inL:1 lon*^ in Non h ^Kii^ricdnay Ix 
conpLCrnlol \xA'h nai ivc f cfti1> p[!s umI Encnpcai cik iv jc> ( Menglciio aid E-cs^lj ]^^'&) Conlio] of Lliis 'f]K<.]L"^ ls 
di^fEn)! jnd L'\p[:nmvi:^Apfcltunrnaftd Sjrn*^ L^Tj. F^td Ijndn'v lx.1 imLjl's aic prububly rcs]ions]bk kif ihc Lmgc 
trnou ni*^ iif [red CdiDL^rygriHS Li MclilLow Laki: 

L>kAHDJ 

Legging HxxJs lii^c bci:n con4 rnacd on 4 ^41 "f idfs iif Rou nd Nk^Jow^ jnd ii*L' mns bul wcci Rii«Hl Mc4idow4ind NkLXJow 
Lalj: [laddiion kigging Iilsi ixcnnrd \xi'h ncjrb^'aftd inch? u pi jnds ■L'ar i h? "^ i:. T he dcgn'c lo wkicl] i hcsr 
logf ing [UJcK inicifcr.' w il k LliL' hydnnlogy of Llic sjlc u^ pn^lubLy nin inul. 



137 



Lr^ H^KTj ^ TK] ^ Needs 

K-lorc LnfonnutHn l^i ncfd«l on 4 [ic LomIisc [LL^niy iif 4 [ll^ ^lIi: - 4 [ll^ lafof mjlKi* "^"ou kJ liL'lp ntuj^ciH u nd^rlLind 
hipfy I hL' i:k i4 in^ coEid Lliu* d I hi: sUt ^iis Jiflii^nccd b}' Liri [iciifHigL'n ic Honirch C ■: g wlivch? \zcd i::iftiir>£[u^ 4.cn lt 
L'lHi^hjghd N^cidvA' UiIj:) [n^djlLon hyd ru^L^ologJc » udy b HL'olcd ii* [ h l'> ukd alicr ncjrlny ^"d LjhIs I n bhrJIcr 
f rDVftdwdtr low f:cJ[l^ Ckihcr L'^^unind Loa i^l [ic d dctiLn^ 4i [ he "4 ■: l^ jLho ncixlcJ Lo s[:l' if h^ [id hi:r i«ucitiD* 
cffud^ I i.t. bkic king [ he d lie hc?ij "^"ou Ld K'ncHl ihL'Hce hydn7k:^> 

PliggiEL^rhtdichn^Llii: ">]!{: Lsonc pzHiibli: nmi^^ciiEiil ticLKWchtl VEiy Ix wdnunLL'd Howi^ver moic infbnuiiai 
on I [ii: ^lIl'^ [i^'dutif^ isiiL'cJL'd bclufL' L^a> Lizlion £>Likci 



ElETJ ENTOc EUKREHCE ["S FRRkl ^TX]N 



QavniMunrr 


GS 


S[£2B. 


Pic^ ai^QEd UEi ur^'cuf TdiH 


G4 


SJ 


Picra s[^I^H b bn EiMKncQBin fcm 


G2 


S2 


Fofn 1 ^ InteMi 1 fc HI ^p. 1 n c h iTCJ r^u^ o ru [Qi 


GJ'^ 


SJ 


PliLikirts Liriftdin^ic^zLJ hL'rfucccra'> vvgdLC Km 


G5 


S5 


CLifL^K jq uti 1 lis hcrk'PLCous ^ l'^lU urn 


G5 


^ 


C'JlZC^ tlSJilLLirptl fcL^rtl.fc-i^OUS ^VgdLI KHl 


G5 


S^ 


CLlfL^K LlSH N.LirpO hi: itl.L^L^US ^ C^dLC KU] 


G5 


S^ 


Cair^ rLXiJrtLi hcrk'PLCous ^ l'^li^I K^n 


G5 


£5 


Efcoc hLirts jxiLu^ JT> h^: jttin7<^u*i ^ l^^j J J K^n 


G5 


S5 


Jnncis kill iL us hL'rhi£^ous ^vgdL:ckU] 


G5 


S5 


Su\ rpus Lxri us liL'CtuC lI^S ^ ^gClLl Lon 


G5 


S^ 


CjrL'K j11il"[ixIl"> lii: jttin7<^us VL^l^d Jljoi 


G5 


S^ 


^^ph 105 kK>ujii pusiJIuni 


G5 


£2 



13S 



3a Safe hlarborMar^ 

|j]c \ I H>^ 

MontB 



RjCHHES 

TtLL^ nLiiHli i^h<dcd ■■[li? Riicky NkniQitiiaTr^ncti. whEh^^t^curF'cdf^LiI bv ccwl iocriu] f lK]tr^ duTing [ h? 
PJln4(x.l'[lc. IL ^lI'> I n j ^haJk^w b^iy^tLLcti l'> ciiflicaol Ln FLiliL'^ L4i):i^ h}' a runuw tinn ol v^tcT k^au^-lcaj 
^ [icthtr rht h^'diokigy ol tliL'njnih is drunioai cd b^'LliL'^vdlKr '^^i:rcoanci:tioi][oFlLichc4id L4ikc. ur if gn^u nd"^^ tr 
in [Tuts to [ he mJ[^k "^ Lll] SLil:»:^ii:nL ou[ ricin^ loFLdliL'ud Uiki: or soini: (^ninbinai ua ol I hcv. [ircdoauiLlc^ Thb 
^^Ll[^k is doniinLiccJ b^ j [iJid^L'rii tnlnsk ( ScLrpvs tiLiil isi (^oinniiaav , wh icti ■x^ip]i>i alicni^ C^!^ of Itic rmuHli.lhi: 
n^d hcinf L^a ^iTcr. N^ncti of I [LL^ cornmiiiy El L^ f1ci4j ing auJ CtiLtiiL JTyphti 1:^ ifoluMx^kcd »rJgL' IC4iK\ 
uLncitiid^ £Lid umETion sfikcTU'th lElc^icbjny puli^risj mu cimmoi] 4iHSJ^iLiccs in [ h ls (^omnLinLly. ^aic tii|«iiic 
"f px ic^ whic h ixcLir in 4 [ic ofEi "^ai lt L£i ^vLI 4is WE h 4 [ic hiinNL'rn bu Lmsh licl' ^rj«h- LMVTd fx^nd'^^zcd 4 PiUaimigdoi] 
jRiminmsJ cl^I-j rk> pcad wlx^ l PiKanxigdon /cri cifiHinbij, tmsiiJ-Ji^avcd pLindwL^ LPtHjmiJgcton fcijnsj. v cil]ciJtjfc 
"^^ LT miLloiL 4 N^VTiopliyJIin ^ L'd LciLlLic u m ^ "^nvy wjIlt nympli ^ N jjljs flt^ilist coEnrnon bLuldLTAtiil ^ Ul ncu Linj 
vul^jfisj Il^'Zu.t blLiJdcT^'od LLNrtLi]]jrmrn]ftiif^ajid woli^r smjn'^'cnJ | Polygcwin jaiph ib]inj 3 n 4 [ic d Riwdo^ a /ooc 
LJionnd 4 [ic nu[^kUL' LIil' jcrii Lli Lie L^^pcnL^nccs bcKf inund^ ua dnnng pLui iif [ h? ycjrj. d E^lK lc rush U uncus 
buk icusj cimaiu n il y LJftd rLif-osiLT do^'^xxxJ lClmti u*^ s^ticc jj cimEnu n il y an^ jri^ziypcisj.'^l Muchol I hL' Bcik ic njsh 
cimETiunily htis ti lurgi: tactic (^ompim^nt , wh icti ]k IndEM^ofi LA^cud ls »olon]fcrjJ^ Kl'iu ucky bliL^^ rass ^ Pc:4J 
pmli^nsLS^ C jntulii 4 [ll^Ii: ICiEMLiETi 4irFcnsc^ and nLJisk»::n^ I hiH li: L ^onctius iIl^ ino^s? T hcsc commiinE ics fomi d 
ntinow 70ELC oa I hi: stdcs of LhL' nart h "^ [iciu l1]l'> ljcl' cc:a]4 rjincJ by ^CL'p ■pfeinds oa cwl' ntdc and [ hcl]ti£il4cKi 
bu Inish commiiiy ii* [liL' n4 hi:r sjdi: buL fuf m ti bRudcr umniu n il y t1 1 hi: sii«l [i L'od . whi:^: [ he ^ r^kf jmL l^ vct> 
fcriLc TliL' ■pfeLnds J Lhis sjl<: (.on^H iif DnvgLis- 1 ic^aincturi l P^f^'uda^vgd ■Kn/Lcsii/P[L>'^ftXL^r|ns r^ 
^Lin^las-fLP^ntm bK:rr> l PsL^udamgj iKn/iOiLi^E > niplioricjipiMi ulhnsj Tw^^ The soils iindcilyjig LIil" mjrsli liiivc ti 
"fhalkin^ L<^cai) oi^aiK. layi:r l^'lt ti f li:>'cJ cLiy buyer Tticshalkin^ i^aiK. LjyLT JulKLiccs I hdl much of I h[^ prnsify 
pRidKL]VEy pfobubLy gcff cycled inli>dc4nal]i4^h'^aysCMLlscbdindGa2ifJ]ikl99Jj.Tht pH tuLlicaqnaic 
cuffiETiu n il y "^^ts fl j, jnd I he cond ua lviI y "^as ^H) n^cn 

Kn &V IRQ HW EHTKl F^ C TQUS 

TticdnvLnf ftiL^kHsai Lliis m JEsh arc I he SL^mnpcmi^iienL ftodin^ regime, and [ he p::«il urn ]■ Llic bnd'^iapc Ttiese 
fiiaors jnflncncc 4 [le [cnfEi;! u res 4 lis: niuEsh cipericKcs jod jkkl£? Llie pnnur> jmxj uc4 LVLly of Llic nurili. [ h us 
hclfiLEL^ la oiablL^h I [ic eeiuisI] cliLif^Kzr 

TtLLSROfsl] Ls J fieqiently u'«d feed ing aicd T^ luld c^j^Lcs | Lcsicu 1^0) laaJdiiKi*^! could be [lonc Lo [ tie 
RiK "f ntiiL — ^ h^ hiLl] Eiii*l> fouod JiFLiihe^iJ biie Sjle Haibi^r Marsh ls (.onsHcri Ly naked as one of I lie nxd 
PriIlIlc breeding hinl hatreds]! nonh'^cd MonUna Pad cei^Vtes have i fed k Lied lULi^tiLy ^ d ifTeieri hjrd 
"tp^iesdnd 273 breeding pmis ^V [lec- lulled d eer^ mixjsL: h.'aver^ nuskml Hiiik^nink aul mLJden have dKo biL:en 
ob»:n'ed 'j£i\bz auEshfLe^iTJ 199(3) NoRue plLJOis iiccur ai I lie sec. tm I here ls j sai^ilL iiccineKC of I he 
LiocfMiETion led-abKr dug weed planL conEnn u ily 

Qrti^ Values 

PIobtl^.^ i£j £Ki^ inijx^nidil fu nc4 L^m Mf 4 [lu^ welLind thLhdl lI su ^ipods u dj^ eiMLy of habuu^ I hal pru^ EJe 

inipiHlL^ru le^jag habuU f^^rbiKJ*^ 

ReeieolKmiil uic of Llie nais h (hiKl ing ? d piobabl> Iheduninari Lindu^ Wlijk birdin^isf^jdy bcii^a. [dd 
ncxice'^i^melrjiljigdcvelopjig inchc^eJ meadivA' vegeltiion piesin^ihly nzsuJlLn^ fioEn iru.iC4ihed nse Smch ise 
ccnkJ lead Lo Lncrc4ihes la ^ve^l piipvLiiK^ns Marsli K:n^-4 [LL^Je CljhlhIj 4 [LL^Je KeilLu.ky bLucgnns. redLop bnJI 
Ll] l4 Le (€ iisinm > u Igtire^ 4ind tTELec>wei.1 L ^liinn m d u Lcanura) iiccir in 4 tie red-tusier dog^^txxl a^d BljIIic rnsli 
coffiETiu n il ]ds. ^i^Lered spLcccd knapweed (Ceru^iircj iulk u lcs:3j cicenis in I he fore^l snTRi«ftdi[L£ I he stc 

Thcie L^ ^Dme pnvLEC profcily in c:i4.1]nienL miid of wliKh hm no icstLJenI bl developanznl yc4 However tliiscoild 
fXKC a fu£ u re [ h na 4o I he nELJ\h depending on 4 tie W4iy in ^ h icti devekipmeri nceniy T here Iilsi l^eei "^me 4 imbcr 
harvcHdronnd Ihenajyh h^c^ ol llieforefl is "4 jIL initiLL e\ceft for Jt [ he "^rmLli eul of Llie nuish wliere 

139 



tkcrr^ a bf™t Dpeains ALon^ I [tc HMitk and wed CHt of Iht nujsb I [icrc arc Kuit^ whEli CDiild act ob vcctofs for 
rmhtrwccd s{iirad. 

Th lOKFJ ^ TH] ^ NeEPS 

H^diDlogk dwiks BR ncixlcdLnddL^rniiiiLMhc WLXcr»:)ur^c^hKor4[LLsnajsl]. FIjchic JivcnLoiytif IticsilL'bjs 
brtn 4 b47Eii«gh , bnl run hi:r JivmLoiy fnr I hL' rjci' siuul — b icccs^r^Mh it LSGal> found inFLdticLKJ Ljdicc. 
Rcwdrcl] LnLoltic laodusi: [ludoiy uf [ he sil l' wi^Jd ab«) be v^^fu I 

Ma hagemehtNi I n=: 

TticLhiL^I ii^Ln^i^ J meiil uiflDrn] l^ H>^H:lLl^ ^"ccd ^ficr^id mchc upbnd Jor:4 cimniu n iI k!s. Tlie Ntl un: €on»rn' jelcv ls 
cincill> sfHil LiUiig knupwL'ol "^ Ltl] [LCTtiicLdc The Nle u r: Con'^-'c^'dncy mjy jLso do huvk [ h m n ing aMlJccnfi Ic 
rejil iridncc fire 4o I he ipijiid icfsn^ lc 4 lii'^ MLe Ji Llie fuLuK ( B Nbrlin. p[:iy n^Enrn.J. 



ElEU ENT O C E UfttEHC E [\ h Ut kl ^TW N 



J U DCB& baftlCUS hcltBCCDBS VC^dKM 


G5 


S5 


SriTpE Hri us hertucDous vcgndion 


G5 


S5 


Cam us sencej "iliTU blaod 


G4 


SJ 



14a 



35 Sieppard C reek l=en 



SliL'ppuid C n.'ck Fen L^ in I hL' £tilL^ Muu oiljom^ uifl hwL'Tlcn] MonLtimL Tlic "Jc l^ZZ rn]k4> ( 34 km) w«t of [ he 
tD^nofWlilLTL'^ 

RjCHHES 

Bi^k ShL'pfxm] C r^L'k Rii NiHlhLiul ^4 lijn: pixif fi^n*^ kx^LicJ on k^w ^ r^kf ]L'nL inttmitl i:nt (^itl'L'^ Shtppuid C rctk 

Fi:n fiouch EilH tH-re^l hti h [^lc kind Jii^ilojiiL'd h}' sprin^^ ii* LIil' iiLml] LifgL' Ld~4 [k: fL^n R>iu^al bnd^ 

"^u nonndjig LliL' fci tur cLhilI led tis I ki: subaJpinc fir^giDimc wlion klxTT> L AbLa> lxiLCK'ai]:a^4icc ii]]in scopu loru eei) 

htibcd I ypc Tiic inc^oi fmd cover th pii:4kmLntiri Ly piik-'^i/al kxlgcpi^k' pim: L Piiu^ iroQ£onti>. Lubrjdor-I dii 

( LdH u m ^bwlilcBinl IS ti coEnmon ■hIli^civivI k sjx^^-Jl"^ The niLjr^in.-h of 4 ke fL^n dre dom inLicd by sprm? ( Pjcrd) wil k tii 

u ndergi^^h^l k of weed ko[^ft^l](E4|■ET:4■n'^lv4dlCI]I^i.Thc pcjtJjnd kjs^ne;^r1> com innons ci>^'i:rLi^L' l^ 

h u numic k- fonn]ig Spli^^num etu:^ indxtl lvc of j 'piuf' fi:n Inifx^noil vt»Li]Jjr pijnLs include \xj^ hirch {Bctii I j 

^kindnk:«ii DniEnmonds wiLlowlSjIji^drunimondunut h.'^ilLL'd scd^c lCljcl'^ ir^riti> L^nd IkL^Ni^liL^n Rl'^loh 

"KKsU JVC sfccirs fxx^r Hod^e (Ctin:;^ pou p[:rcnLii. Skcppoid Cieck t-ei NdcI k ls umpLCri^d of b<:^ hirch ctur jnd 

LcETipoRirily flixxJL^d fiifcicJcJgds jnd mvc h iif [ he ^ nmnd liiycnn Ike fen b dominoed hy SpLi^nunisp DeLipJ 

ledgefuLe pine Ji tlie fei indjcde ^ [ttd flcicd ing evcnL. Tli is I en k^tstii inLiiLlive hE^Livcr Jjm t1 llieiivlkj 

Kby Bj y Lio h m ental Fa ctb he 

^vdU cfsbfc^atbt prdlandh Tkiek fxui depiVtU'^aa like lj "qxnige li> hoLf Lir^ c qntinl lLjcn of wJ er 

RhEITV 



Sliepfxifd C reek IS ti gnof ex JETiple nf it pcxif fen dranin Jed by Spfcjgnijrn mcvihes Peors[:dge LCiire^ piiij pcrcu Ij>^ j 
NdcI kcTU Reg }m KeKsUive sfteees, E common in Ike fen 

Otiee Values 



Ike wdLind \smit nuppcd tsi jdi^ina nxuij^emenl are-Jiinlke 1^7 FLilie^ Foic:^ Pkii mijp T ke ^il e b jh. Inded 
T^nhin MA ]2- nftifiun ureus. Tke j^eneRil sifcj kits hcen keuviLy ki^ed_ A fcjmvw fofe^cJ bu Ifer ls preseni in Llie 
noil ke^fl £ind K)U[}i pi^LiclLind nur^Ln*^ A nxife e\£CKSJ^ e lore^ L^pfes^il n pr^ife 4 ni^li^'cd j ol HiepedkiMl 

Upi h \ n b 

Acfj^cri liind'^me mrw4l> Wilkin MjnLigenieni Aieu 13 (4 Lmh:r pmdvd Ki*t ^nd lijve Ixen keiiviLy knf^ed. 



^U^i ^G l.kl E^T Me E DS 



EiTH r^yOrcL P.E>^n iNFORMAnaN 



AbLCS k'hkii.LLJi'tL^Lciliih g 1 jnd u kxi«ni jxi 


G4 


S4 


Hd u b gj jnd u k»wi'caiu\ uLncuki^LshmbkLMl 


G4"^ 


S4 


Cartj; n^drjcti hcrixite^^us ^ e^Ll^y Km 


05 


S5 


Sal IX d nnnumd iLimLVltiLiMLL^io^is c^LxJ^nsis 
shmbkiftd 


05 


S5 


^uJix dnnmond iLjn£i^t]kiMiELgK:riis e4inLKJensis 


G5 


S5 


Fell kind 


Z 


Z 


PeilLind 


Z 


z 


Vioki i^njfolu 


G5 


SJ 


CjrcK pihUfCfLuki 


G5 


Si 


C^irex pju |xrcu ki 


G5 


Si 



141 



3b Scuik Meadow 

Skunk Mc4idc:n^ is killed inltic SlilL'^'JcrRLycr v^kv^lmK 1 3 tiir rn]k4> nod [i of Olity MonmEUL 

Skunk rAc4idL^^ iSLJ'tcrK'>ol gJLiCEiJIy Hcuiircd poofe dcci inn f d long ai ml i:mil I i:nL 4.i7L'k la I hi: Rcicky Monnldii] 
TfL^nch Bcj>?r aiiglil htn'i: pfciycd lj rok' Ji Llii: fonml ion uf [ he p:>nL'> in 4 tic [^td ( wbjl afpc^ir co he iikJ d^ms^u^ 
prL"i"ru J_ buH licji: l^ oo teaser ik:I iv ily ciim:nL]y Tfcckiwc^ \kxA & j scL^p-^iidcd (jvcrflm^ tusinchti pjTjbtibl> 
dostA^ gfl fiLLoJ cvciy yciar hnl "^ liLC'h "^^t^ l]ki:lv f]IL«J tifl i:r I hi: hciiv > wnrv^ w]ricr4jf L997 Tht Ixctnrn umI 
■^ccp !iidni of < liiK piml arc c(j>vrrti ^ il fc a icivy t^m-LT ol CiilnmbiLmcdjc (Ctircj; jfKituJ, csccp kw JiLiglil l> 
h iglicr arc4i^, wh ich s«|TfHif1 aLnfccd htiirgr^K II>:h4.1] jnipKJLi ^.csfc cikjj cunEnu n il v. ^lULiod I hL' edge of I hci tusin l^ 
ti fnigi: of kid^cpiik [uncLPJivHcorioda? htilfof'^lLLch tin.'JL'ud.dppiri^ncly killLiH b}' higli W4ittr ThtCcLumbiu 
"^rd^i: (^omniinLly conL jih'^ a aunibcr of LJiiViil fc)ft«> nvch li^ Polvgonnin dou^ L^li Pucri lI h ■orvcgEU. elmI Er^'siaiu m 
chKnaH [LOLd^K ^ »:)i I u>ii: L jkci in [ Ills (.omnLiaLly rL'vc^lc^ lj ^cai 4 IllcI: or^aiiiL bnn;x)n o^'i:r j 4{!cai [ h Lck A 
hon/cui. TlicinKJd Lc p:x)L'> arc HoaMmjIly rkujcd aMl "^u pfx^n l^ Dnj airmiwl'^ ^ iJkiwVlxLikcd scd^c C SaJi;^ 
d nnETiond iLJoa^tifr^ nl ncLiLiai comniiaLly The u ppcr pLcL^ Live 4^nd ing wjIlt in [ he dccjvr^ niu-k fiLLoJ tirc^is 
"^ [iLch "nppon 4i wdttr [lOEtddi] ^ EqitsrJ in f1nv]:l]]t) co[nrniit> Tliaif pixifei an: sunou ndcd by j d [umnood ^ wjlk:n^ 
cfwiETiu n il y. wl] ich isdominaicd b}' DnnEnood ^ wiLk:n> A^i»:x'Ey c^l spi^cics Ji [ h u± comnLuiit}' arc '>pTijei: v-Hcr 
horsrJdiJ. J«L k'^CHJ L Lcnoa aiini^j^ 4ind GiKlin^ tm4crc'upLFLLinuru.ijJv>2niL'lji]i| Tbc sinou nd ing Liptiid'i arL' 
covtrcd wih gnod fli7lx'^JiLy4AbLCTignjHlEi^lLnLoniL^ijnjniirjJorspnict/lx4idl]l> fon^4 



Nj larc pliinL'> (x:cu r d IhciHcc Howc^i^r. Skunk McLidcin^ dcio^ bjvc a rnnd[^mltLy tir^ c CK^iJTTL'nci: of a Colinbia 
■^gL' ^.omnu niLy "^liLch L'>[urc in Mii*4anj 

Qti>e Values 

TIlls sue hthJ LibundanI deLT'>jgi 

HLioiing El pfolxdbLy 4 ht caty c u rrtoi tiidnst at [ h l": site Reed cantirygnoHS | Plialans tin]nd]ftucc^J^ Ktnt uck> 
bl ue^rxn ^ Pcu paiensL"!? bltiLk aieJE ^ Nbdjcagi> Inpnlioa) ecwiEnon nuLleLn { VeTtunenm LliLifbiUS^ dind [ nzix-Ji: nu^tird 
( Eiy^num c h iL'cunLliojdL"^) LJfL' jIJ prr^enc inlhL'ColnmhLL^^dgL'cornniiiEy Ofchcsi: lecd canai>'^ ris> and Kenlw-ky 
bl ue^r^H^ [him: [ he 2 rcLiceH 4 [irAd li> Llie Jil L'g iiLy of cL l'> eiuhaiu n il y 

HAoncaod i^r^cui kiggio^ Iils uceineJ in [lie u plan4bi anHul Lliis siLc 

lHFaRMAl»HNbED9 



Mt^ ^^ll mt^tHeeps 

^lon ilcmng of Llie itliH can4iiyf Ri:^ in 4 [le Colinbia EeJgL' 4.ornniLiiEy El nL'edLid lo dccLiaieii ^hdlLerllie [red 

ciinarygiaHh i'> "^piTLfJ in^ aid jfso^[Li>w Ripidly 



ElE3I r^T Oc CUI.REHCE [^ I CJKLI YTK]^ 



^alu dnnaiond lan.! filinbkind 


G5 


S5 


Dca]}iaMi|EEL ecqric^ [lerbacfcas ve^d^km 


Gi 


^354 


EQaLQiT u m flu Ey lie heitncco^ vcij^dna 


G5 


S5 


Corrx dir^n J hL'rhKszon'f ve^tid km 


02^ 


S2 


folix d nnmond iLin^LVi-Lire^ nl nc u Ida Eh mbfciMl 


G5 


S5 



142 



37 SoulhSankoCr^ekFen 

SonLh ^nkoCrHkFn] Cikxidccd in [he Sjlisk M[nji]l4iii]'> uf non h'^ed tm \^i*4ai]j. L^ miLcs L24 )jn> wf^ of Lin: li>wi] 
oF WtiLiefistL Thc^c L^ ■L'lar a [lcliH'^^ L'rM ntmmy of Stmku CiL^ck Jszlf a [ ribuL jr>' oF U:^tii CiTL'k and [ h? 
SLiLl^^cr River. 

Smlh Siin ko € reck Fm ls j simJL pcd LjhI ciKi^nn^ 3-!^ ^^rcs ^ 2- J bj) Ttie fi:n d oriL^rucJ C4i:4-wcd jLon^ltie tsE 
oFaskifti: A nninbLT of SL^efih Lind '>pjiiig'> cvKi^e I lom Llii: lut uf [ h l'> ^tojv jod mjinldiii wet ujwl J lon*^ in I he 
prjtLind EXJETiiiiLjai species jftL lude K^ bin.1] ^ Bd iti ^Liulik'^si? hciun' wiLlo^ {^i;^ c^indidj^ and sLculer sedf c 
(Carc;^ Ijsiix^ir]:^!. G rcen-kecLcJ ccilEon^ Riu> ( EncftliL^TiJ rn v irid bz^iniiLic u ni ? t]NLidheni Kcgin*Rif« £crvjcc 
"^KsUJve pfeuiU ixciiH [ h ruu^tioLii I he fen . OtftecL^ilLy in I he ^.celI lul and ci^^en pon ions. ChiUncsu's (:n4loigr£s 
( Eniiffcof u m 4.1maiiHsu*Ei) l^i cunEnon ol i he "^^zhI em end Mc^z^'s f^^rm d leariy cii*4 in uou*^ surface Liycr. E lev^ Hun of 
tliciKiilund LN4ft40 Feet 11475 nj 

Kn &V IRQ HW EHTKl F^ C Tot's 

Ttic n[bilo]x: hjM]^ tiftd spnn^s ni:iin£t]in ^vUcTloggcd cond Llxifts in i he pcJLind. 



ALlliou^ h SEmilL (5-^ LKrcs|2-3 ha|? ll]e'>jl<: fe^l u res a repr^^scnitl lv? poii tind doEninLicd by bug biirhcBdnla 

2 bnd nk:m> and sLcndcrsExl^e [C jre^ L^skicjeju) G rcen- keeled nxlongiuHS ( EnofitiuEiini vrndicaniu u ni> aNnElticni 

Re^Lon SL'nsjl L>c pbai (x:c u rs Ihrouf houl e he pcJLind. 

OriEE Values 



CD\n]7X]N 

Ttic sire E wil hin R^re^ M^inL^cvunl Area 12 "^ tiich cnphasi^es nturiehince 4ind en htmLenieni iif rjpjEuii uresis. 
Spelled knapweed C Ccnidu rcL^ n^K u kiNj h (x:cu rs LjLon^ Foet^ Ri^^502^b4 dncskiil lliicjlen I he pi^Lic bnd 

TJpih'snB 

AdjtKcri ] jnds £Ljr "MlliJi R>iu» Nf^inti^emenl Aiea L^ . whK.1] {^mphasj/^ ljnbi[:r pnidiJiiT ion. Non h SankoCicekFci l^i 

Iccaieil Z^n m MszeH 61 nJ non h iif < In: iile Grej£ Creek Fen li ttWt* leet (25^ ] niJluEhc nonh^-^al 

KhDE^i hTK]^ Needs 



Ma h a g eh ent Nlleil 



El E^ TNTQcCL P:EE^ ri IfCFQ fcMATig H 

Fedtind 



143 



38 Svwft C iBek Meadow 

|j]c \ I K>^ 

Tbi^ sUems Inched alxml 4niLdi:^ nfOlii^y Monl jnti^ la Llit ^ illwoltr VuJkv. 

RlCE'SE3& 



LocdHJ ]■ [lie gljcEiJI> Hatred Rcicky Mciojuljiii Tr-'ru-li. I [iLii L^a is m a ^[mlk^w dirficv^z^ii] wkKik l^ p[i>lxjbLy 
riHincd ii* tii old aJliiv l:iI I L'rrjci: iif S"^ if[ Crc^k ThL' wlIlt k^u h.l' is uncLcdr. aJl [u^u^ li jl cx^uLd ht gion nd^vUcr 
dcnviig Iciim Swjfl Cicl'Il T he \jl l' ls 4kmLnt1cd b> I wo »zJgL' cornmiiE ic^ Aa mflLccJ ^^^^c ^ Cmci vcticdna) 
cimETiunily kinns ti kLI jvdy wkJc ouicr ^rnn: uul l'> d r>' cftiivgh in spLC^ 4u '>i]p]ynl ^k^jII i:R:d ^pncc. aJdtr. and 
BL'bb^ wjlk:n^ [S*k\i\ bcMKiiuj^dllbiivgh H'sdomiQaicd b}' infLdccd'^'id^c.TliircciilLTof ihL'fL^n Eidomioaicd by 
Lin: r^ hLT ijr^L' salgL' 4.orniniiEy "t k^ndcrsi^dgi: LCLifL'^ Ltuiictiqu)^ whicl] in \2icw plLiCL"^ grjJc^ buc k iruo 4kmLnt]KC 
by iifLicd sfd^c^ tml wilhivl lr«!s. \ wmmw IximI of ^Ucr hiir^mL (Eq u mot u m fluv Ed lIl'j umnu n ily fonR'>a 
I j^ or "imxi ' ajou nd 4 [lo [cnplior^' ol LliL'f^a M Llii: mi«I [lcli:! end uf Llii: '>jlc l^ an cxI l'H'^vo JcckJ LiOLl^ word land 
doaiJiJlcd h}' bLiL k 4.aiii*wcxid C Popu ln'> btib^unifora ^p [richicafjiujaMl f:(i|h.Thjiu[LLBclnb]X3pynftra) The 
undcisliH^' L'^4kmLntied b^ LiLdcr-lc^L^cd ]MJck£homLRl]U[Linus4i]iifoJEi? ^cin^hcir^ iS^ihplu^rH.Lii]xx>Lilbu^j.jnd "ajU 
^Pi:jf:(inlLi ^ ^naluj nudiL^Lilb) Thb JoresJ hLbi l^ Immncxky £[ii«ftd \\iycT umd i^ ^'u.Ltsti^rLUly JlaxkxJ h^'oveilkiw 
FiomLliL'fci 4. rack [ he T^TJcrMMKC wnrat Li kcLy gion ndw^cr piBKiHy derjvio^ fRwi i>'ft']fL (.rcL^lL 

Thc^dtind LssunoundcJd I hL' ^uul [lcli:^ cul byjn oxIceuiIvc di:^Hlw3v> wcxxJ Luod dumiaalcd by Bctii Li pupynPna aod 
?opn]v> hjL^ni knj "^ Ltic[ux:uf|b. 

Ke^ E\^ ItONhEENT^LFlETORE 



Nq larc planer aic kno^ a fcon thn '>ilc. 



TIlci? arc fti> cvkJ L'nl Lindus[!sd Ihcisccd pKhcnL. No c^citicf wtra observed ti ^[LL^scc However will] Che 
rcceni logg]i£ ncjrt]> ^ [ he LliKat uf L he iH icdna ion uf euJ les inlu Ll]£> prulJK ^lIc is ifulxd^nLuk 

Upi h \ d 3 

Eueutive t]nlxr Lipf cfd hasldkei piLKt u* Llic ml big vialLe> Ixlkm ncaitiy ak hou^ h 4 lie Hands Ji Llie ]nnieJEy c 

viecnily of tli l'> "^il c dra ^]ll Jriaa 

[■siDEM hTt!j^ Neeps 

H y^d ni^L^jk^ ic rf ud y is needed for Lliis jeneial urea to dctcimine rfcc wrter snu rce for tins aad rtkcrnL^uty 

wctLind"!. A 4 [lociiv^h llorvljc lavcnlufy condumeJ euKy la the s«n[ner l^ uLhu needed 

M^^ ^G^^nl ^tWee[>^ 

Aa> fuin ra [ iKibcr lian'c^ ajou nd 4 Ills wctijnd sknki Lie nin imin caipio}' h raaai'iHlc ni^ina^enicnL Jtonc bvHens 

ElEL ENTCteU tIEHCE ]\Ea EU ^TKn 





G4Q 


SJ? 




? opn ] IS Ixd Lcain 1 f e m :np. 1 n c h ecu r^o^ ru us 
^nce,i foies 


GJ'^ 


S3 




C\:\rc\ LL^Ji N-Lirnti fccrtuccon^ veEda Kjn 


G5 


S5 




hcj u i^T u ni fli^ Ed iLe herhiPLCous vciiciai urn 


G5 


S."^ 




Carcx VL"^i:ariJ fccrtty:et>n^ v^eEda ion 


G5 


S5 





144 



39 V^iitE^i^ ^luce Swamp Iteseive 

LOCMJQS 

Whicfmk SprucL' S'^'ainfi ]"> lix^ cd in I hL' FIlI hckf Viillty dlx^uL L miLc non h uf Wl]]l i^rLsl] N^onUnt] NOTE TLei b u 
pnv^L' wdlJnd tiul I jndowiLT ]>.'mL'^>Ki* l'> nccdol co 4ic4.cs^ 4 [lls sjLl' 

RjCHHfS 

Ttic Whricfl^k S|Tf uci: S'^'aMifi is Icic^y cd inlhi^Rcicky Mou hLlji n Tirru.1] li 4 [ic olgi: iiTC be Flid linid VaJkv. Tlit '>jlc 

"^ilsti I hL' lex: of t] "^kip.' Icxun'^tiLch llcin^'^ giou nd"^*^ i:r fruai 4 hL' ^jjcl'jiI upbnd^ Ttic £[ii«ftdwLicr ftiw kci^pKchc 

Kilt wd f nr ncH uf [ [ic ysir Frmr pljnL ccunnu ailJL"^ m? Iolikj ti ItiEiScc Thtrc mc two 4> p»> of "^d '>pTuct 

fofn , I ht Mi-CLiJkd ^pncL' '>wainp vykixik l'> ^ ^pncc^ku n k ctibbtiigi: L P^c^iVL^'SKhjIoa jaicnctiiinj cimEnu n il y^ dnd 

Llii: dncr ^prvci^yq uctn\ (:ip ( PiccLii^lioion iL^ iJiijniH'jj uinniiriLly. TliL' Hojbi Lin: riic^N yL'dr-iound lalhL' 

spnu.t/^u nk 4. jbb^L' cornmiiEy uul "^u rfLiCi: WLiccr fti^s Ji a K^ncs iif ^m jLI (^li jancK Lliiou^ h 4 [ll^ ii^^rly 11:1 

f ni«ftd "^ [LLcti l]L£i J grcJ dc^l of mjL ruop::^ Riplijc relief. £ pncc domikJ l'n 4 [ic ovcr^oiy w kich ul»:) bjs »Liaic iLir^t 

bkrk (:n4loaK'ixiJ'i ( Fopu li]'> [TicbiicLiqxj) mid jxjfcr hirch 4 Gduk [^j^'Tifenj. TIil' '>1]tu b dnd hi^rttionivs h>ciy Jic 

dlyc[^f "^ Lll] [ he "^ ru b Liycr doaiinLicJ by » rc^iEnlxiil: LikJcr4 A li]i]'> inc^Lij. £ ku nk cahh^c domjuli:^ 4 hL' [leTt^KCiivs 

h>cr "^[lck iI c:c4. u r^ ]■ LliL' mjny ki^'-lyiEL^ '>]y:4s w h ick liL^vc ^L^od in^ w Lie c r fiif piui iif [ he ycdr Tkc 

spnict/q u?Dn\ cip coffiETiu n il y l^i doEniiiLinl b^ spruce ub:). we h ^aLi^rcd cn4 kiiwrxid'i umI us{k:i] (PopuLu't 

tKiniiLoLdcsj. Tin: '>1]TU b Livlt L'> d ivcEsc "> illi snein^ Iett^' ( Sy rnpfciHicarpzG slba^ aiid ^'R' icctrcn}' ( ^vkzLinchKr 

ulaLfolL^i} 4.oinnoa Ttic [icTti Livlt i'> doniinLiicd h}' qucL^n c u p L^nd I wiiflDwcr CLiELa^b."^ b<)rL"jLi'>? T[L^ahizr2 

ccMiETiu n il ]l:4> fnvftdJ Lliis '>jle aj7 a BDbb\ wiLli^w ISiili;^ l:ebbL:iftii? coEnrninjI > Liod ^ rcJlop L A^civl l^ Holoi]]fcra3 

vy^ mciMkyvr T he dornihiDL sh nb> in [ he lonKrcornmiiiydR: Bebh's wjILow. crd-nhKr diigwixid jnd 4 rcioMibonk aldtr 

Comnoa giLiMiinoLd'^ 4iK w^ er Hodf e (Cmi'ie Liq Li£d lLl'>? r^L'il-cmmjy^ rk> ^ Phutmn aiu nd inLKnii lakop.aiid yelk^w 

NcdgelC4iie\ (tiv'2) ThEMudcop w« nc4idc:n^ cccurt 4id_MCi:i]| coltic fiif mtr cimEnui] il y. jnd Ei4kmLnded b> gmnnnoKK 

incLudiii^ fLiHcop yclkin^ scd^c. wiul> M^d^c^Cajc;^ I jn u^ incfti^j J imciJ hy ( Ph k'uai pncKSL'^ aiul T^biLthkj wdgi: 

(Cafct iiL"brj[**:L"Ji\isk 

Key ^ "^ I p:o n w ewt^ l Tk€ tokb 

Ttic h>'dEDlD£^ nf 4 kci sue liiA Ixcn (:tiI E jL 4o I hi: fonml Lon uf [ he pl^oi commiiJl lc> I Lit occur hcic 

Ttic sU[^ s«pf)CTfb> a n u rnth-T ol pljnL'> wkEh mriarc \m MonUna^ j[u.Jwliig ycLIn^ Lidy "> "t Upper LCypnprdiLiEn 
ptifviflcwij [n V 4.aLcKjlii^J E« kkT Icm L Dryiipldi^ tn^ J lij, kid nc}"- IcavLiH vEiLd L Vujla rai]fo]ci? -spurred 
f cri uai( Hdltau] dcflL'^tii jud jil^Iil^ci bu^tiid 4(:aJflL^\ iGccic^iikm JjvkJ uEnJ Tkciz is uIho j Lii^l' ULCurrcEU-c nf j 
rurc [iLai4 Dimuniiiy hL^n: LIil' npf uccM:iik cdhh^^z (.oinnu n Uy wh ick is ]■ f cx:d Di^ndiLxi* 

QtIEI V^Ll-ES 

McxBE aAd w h il E^-CEiiLcd dcDr w?ir ohtcrrcd d anri£ the sec VL'il . OS "^Bs bcdr m:^ The owiems icpoft [ hd a V4iric4> 
of wEldlifc um: i \iz sijcj. 

CiJ S D JTIQN 

PToEit and^cdc Ic gnj; ing U.CU rs Ji [lie wilkiw uhI "^d mc^vkiw (.mnnLiriLly L^lHiongli usi: app.'uiH co hjvv l^c^zn Liglit 
rrccnlly Occ4isKmjl silica lvc I inbcr hjTF'ol in^ cou Id Ixcxxumig in [ he spniCL' r?i74 . bui i jdith ly apjx^ajy 
undL^irbcd \k pfcscnl (LcsjLti 1^87? A n u mlxT of L^tti ic pljnl^ (S4. u r lmi [ he prcsecL-c but [ hey scacmJ^ 4k> ntx 
fXii^mhiU to [ he spniLL' for» . 4ii k^tKl in [ he titiM^nee of d i4 idxiELeL' T kcre e'ux icti eceir la I hL' wiLkin^ and 
vy^ mc\Jikyvr co\mn\imK\c^ uhI llicsi: ecnkJ jxihf a 4 krcd diiLMo lliL^ir I L^ndekty 4o '>pie4id aggie»iLyel> TtiOif arr 
1]iix4[l> gnoHS. CmL4ida I hH le LC]iHiin LJ^^ L'n'vj. 4ind si>^^'-ll]id Le ( Sonckus ■li£Lnc:Kn'>H Lesied l^7> RceJ 
ednmygnoHi jLs:) u.cLic> in [ hesi: LL^innu mlJL's tiul w kile Jl ^ »t1 us l£i uljve iif cxciiE l£ UKJciar (e^ g. ^^^e 
McnglujftoaHl Lcsxa I9*^> il mn be quLle a^rc^3>jve jnd Jifficu It co ccioil mk 

TJpLhMPa 

Tkc pnEmuy ofT^c on ivil Lcs "^ kieh tbicLiten the v ELtnlity of tli is "^il e ^rc [ he rmd- bu ildiug and icstdcntEiJ 
dcvelopmenl caking pLice nexl lochesile p^id EuLiKy 4 kJ ^oing on np^kkipc fioni [ he "^ile Tkere js fxleni lal for 
Rudenlsjnd hnvKsccs in interfere ^^ Jl k llie giou nd'^^er flnw lo the scc^ 4is well as p^ enlul fiif ■■iFKnl 
IrxjJin^ fnmi sepiiL s>'^enLS 4o aker tlie cxmipiKil iLin of I he SLle\ pkiH eonimn n il es ( Le^sLa I9S7) [■ tiddiim] 
in^dnees of [ R:^pLt^ Li^ e b-Mi inereiisinf . aLCindjig in 4 ke landowner Mc:^ of iliesi: in^jneesai^ pnipb wdntiig 
In walkiheirpils.ordc^'^ju^ nuniing free. BiH k lkI iv iljes have pr4 entul lo in4.r:M^^ I he spread ol w^ed'^and 
dNiTtiwikJLife 

145 



[h rPKM ^ Tw N Weeps 

LoiK^U^Tj idE^Qiiflcd I hi: iced FurmnK in fom^ ua on [ he "^il d\ hyd rrrki^y und 4 hL' pciijL'acd cff«L'> of 

"^u biH iviSKm L^ [ he "^"^y lt Hti«rc{: ^L'> on<: ol Hieni^ ini|>)rt£Li4 Lind jM^Hhin^ iHfiUC'K ELncxzchLl lupiHl hi'^L'> hi'nlcci 12 

ycjrMJjiO- mucin jJ I fcL" pfiJjLXlixl *iu hi ivisKjn iiih LiIll^fi pJ jc-sz. Tlic ^iMl-ccnri cffi:4.L^ oa I fcL" wLl" Jiij^ i: ii|>jxin:jiL]y 

b^Dn n:LJLycl> lieai^n tis I ht species jod coairnun il k!s dcpcndcri ii* L h? "dc's hyd ruluf^ jr? h ill piotcnl 

Huwtvcr I hL' k^n^-tcTui cffais jn: D^x kftiVAn jod dL'vckifWKil ls cii*4 in u ing SiivK fonn of muflionn^ pn:^ Rim \s 

needed Lo dd ca miy c haigL's resu ll Jig I cun liyd ruk:^ ic jlleoiiu* 

Ma hr a g km ent Needs 



Eleh entOccl ti£^ n l^FQ eu ^tkj^ 



Fk^ Bp^lmtcMU ■■iDnrj fored 


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Pk^ sf^vsK h Nil* LivKriii^Liin fam 


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A^fW Ls ^olon iJon Jiertuce^ioiK vcgndton 


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VntinaifDltLi 


C5 


S3 


CypnpHliiffi puPhLflann 


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40 Blasdel Waterfowl Pruduction AiBa 

|j]c \ I K>^ 

rBnc4ri on Scdc Rnud '&2 fiom U S 93 titntf !$ aiilL's »jli£ h iif Kdlispi:!]. NforiaAJ ^flcrl.l imli:^. [ u ra non h 

tmviifd Bi:^ [ic] CL'nictcn'. A n^r jl^ont I ] auln jxjci t1 pubJimncc^ ^lIi: on c^fl side of n:uJ E-'oLlm^did nxil 

Kiel's gtF^ 

ELm^pL Wdcilow] Pnrfucc irai Ami (W F ^ ? & u foruier furm im^ ivwiL^ bj'LliL'US Ftshjod WildlifL" Een-icc tiMl 
Inc^ cd ii* LliL' dncKnl dckt] kiniEd b> nvcrHofrni^lL^viicrfKiaictLC n:ccd]ig vialLcy f iKx^rdinng [ h? Pki^cxi^nc 
[\k und Hyndmjn l*^'&6) Thcsf fk>w]ig "^^ciy c ut inLn [ he dcku's sill'> and »=di[n?ris jnd formed Lin: j^LciicluiinL'L^ 
"f uch tis I bohf [in^ facd uUhL^ WPA £evi:raJ pl^oi ^.orniniiE ics I ypK^L iif vaJkv Ixccom h^'d tii]d'> cxx u r hcfL' A 
fnigt of bL^ k caioflwcxid^tOowtrcrR' ( Pc^pu li]'> Ixib^Linifi^Ri ^[1 [RCixtiqu) R:injii]'> tirou nd ii*i: uf [ he "^ivgks. Tht 
ovcplufy El donintlcd b> bliickcuLon^xx:d4ind4KfxnLFopu]v>LiunuLoidi:sj^^^l]jk[hei]i]de[^or>' l'> 4.oinpiiM:d rru:^]y 
of CE her LncfL'^thcrs JikL' bLK k bii^ilioTiLC C C nd jcgis dou^ Ilki] h iK [^£d Lici' giio^ ^X [louf [i I hb conirnujiJl > ^ 
cimpiisLlKi* Ls Ejr fRm pn.'d iru: lhthL£Lirr^iic<: ■"> n^xLihk si ncs: niLiny ol I hL"^' cuLon^xxid ^.ornjniiE ic?i Iilivc been 
ekjcr^l r^ L^ rKijJl Lici' iH [loaietHiM liig. T he ski«^b> huvL' a [red cafiLir> ^rtHS cx^rn rniiJl > ecx. lining la Llie sk jlk>w 
muctk tud "^d mc^idiiw /CHIEFS n« [ he onLer m jr^irui iif 4 [ic h^'dLuids Lliis ^ r^t^ lorirsi j iiL^ar nuruxnll ure lalhedfep 
moGfezoat LlierL'aje pdt^liL's iif IhiI [i liucd^cn Inilru*^ ^ ^jq^s acuc u'^Mnd cdcaiL riypliLi JLljfoliJ) cxmirniiJiJl 
huiidihIiel^ Llie dL'eper npea ^vUcr The "^adcm- n::^ sLou^ h EidL^epaul htis u d]vers: tu|«JliL ^.L^nunu lEy t1 Jl'^vi js 
viewed fnjmslu^re ^V Jer-JiLy INiiphai sp ) is I fcc duminEiH sjKtKK Fcre-flcxE 113 sfccLCi era [ he ^^^ er^ surface 
include <jr d uekwecd ( LemiLJ 4 ns«ka)^ spimdela I Spiciidelj ]ydyii]ji]ji CiilLinibm ^Ucr vkjL I WuL^fij j-olumbEiia)^ 
aftd Llie LK[Liai K. Liverwoit Riccusfi Mo^ly su bmergLiH 4iq ud lc?i Ji Llie 'i:3rne ski«gh include fcniieL- Le4iycd fx^nd'^CL'd 
( PclJETUi^cloa ]>x:4 loai isj^ eel-griHS jxradwecd (Pcxtnnc^doa /CHCifomuf ^ R ichtud'^rra's fx^nd'^CL'd (Pc^aMK^^dii* 
FKlijnbxmLO- Berchiold's ]xrad^?cd 4 PcctiMio^dii* lxrch£old]it aod linrn'^'od LCerdnpliyllLindenieEsvnj fioilt^oies 
rrvciJed t^idy sLilkv^ organ ic linnjoas over siH clay Icxiai nineial smLf 

KlY ^ V rtO N H ENT.^ L FlC TORS 



Ooe qir: pLaH nc4.mai Lliis'^le Llie Liq uti lc spa:]es Coin mbu wucer [neaJ Tliere 4ii? ["^"o mernhers of I hci gen n't 
( WolfTuii in N^ifllana. aftd Lliey are 4 [i^: sniaLlen V4i:vLiLar [iLaHs ]■ Llie 4^ e 4it alxral I mn long. CoLu [nbia ^vUer ncjl 
cx:curs]i fre^h ^^ Lcer [U[Lds jnd cai lomdeosi: bcds'^hci blown jruuad byctic wind 

Qtiee Vmifjs 

TtiLS site sfens lo be gcuH wiLdLifc hatwd . [OJlic u larf> f^^r "^^ erf-owl a^d alier biid^ A h]ider LIilc 1 rjn Jrio 
"^[iLlel wxi VEiLlJig [ he sjlc wjs vciy enLliiJsij:^ k. ^ilxral Lliesi: wdtindsusa biidingspix !■ tiJdiiKra Ihe WLiccr 
oF two of [ he e4i:4 eru ski«gks "^"as sljgk Ly brjpLkistL LCiiftdw-UvE LCi laiged fiom L^XX)- 1 ^CX^ u S^ m h 4i«:onJ in^ 4o I he 
def ii]l Lon*^ Lis[:d b> ^ewad aod KaolndU^TLj TlieK "^d tind^i eovkJ h: fu nclion ing us d L^rhaj^c "^d tinds^ wliere 
gmsdwder d 1"^ luLi^es Jiilo Llie wvt kinds. £Lftd L hen Llie wiier <:vap:^[Ues leav]ig "^^ er wil h inereasi^d ^inLly. 
5cveD]Binbiearb^-4if^ct£Hsifjdd Js"sdJin^--alkalLijnd'(USDA-SCS ]^^1 

CD'^^]TK^N 

CnTimtly Llie wei lands are is^d pnnaiily lof^^erfowl huQiingaiHl birdin^ A nmnber of e^^jcs jr: fcnkd in [he 
eiil[on'^'(xxJ^nc:n^ lxTT> conimnnily These JKJndea varK^y ol ]X£lnK £ curies billciv^cel ^ SoLannn dnlcaMiaiaJ^ b«ll 
Ll] l4 Le (C iisinni vu igaci'J^ CaAjda Lliid Le (C ii^nin an en*?}, l]onnd4ii*gie ICyiogk:«EU ni orficintilct and sowlki^le 
( Sonehis nli^inosu'f ) These have dcgrjdcd [ he ml e^ niv of Lli is etmniu n il y sign iflc^iil l> Th^vz ls a [enifxjcurily 
rkoJol'^d meadow s«nou nd ing 4 wo of I he c£icin sLouf h'f whK.1] Lsdonintlcd b> ledlofi L A^civd l*^ ^olon ifciaj^ dnd 
Llie shallow najsh4inmnd I he^' skivghs ls domjuled h}' a monecu iLnK of R:ed i:aijr>^[u-?^ 

Lands in [ kc "f u rTonnd]ig areu of Llie FLJ hejd VaLle> arepnnaiily used for agra. u ll ni?^ sulIi £ts rumng wheol 
bvednck.orhay N^y of [lie neait^ sk^uf hs are farvKd nghi ■pLocheedgeofcheskivgh Sonie of I he fanb are 
bcin^ lepljced b> HvhdiMhions and Ji Llie^ e4i»:s giren tiwnsexlend np li> t he edge of Llie wJer T ke skraglis aul 
Llie pJanL 4.oininnnE les 4 kev snfipad lepfe^H auneuf [he lew reEEiaintns luaLL nalive pkmJ conimin J ics Ji [lie 
FUliead Vjllcy. 



147 



LirnnnLi ion oa I hi: h^'Jrc^kigy of Llics: "^d tLi]d'> h^tKj kJ he ■sd'u L in K^iLlt m jrui^jig Llit WF A Rif lh'^jelci:. kauwiEi^ 
T^ lid fcLT I fce ^^ Lccr LcvcK in [ h<: -ilongliii wj> in Rucw-cd nH>Ju by FiLchcjd Ljkc levct>_ prct'ipilLi umi CM^wacraf 
nvc nne OTigji '^'OLiLJ beisfful la piuJiLl in^ I he laflieniK of Icn iJuf r niouff ^ pcienc uL c hcaiK'iJ spiJbi^ ur 

"^fH LCCffluCBJ 

M 1 hT ^ G EH ENT We E [>& 

Th^ir L'> cirr^nl l> j JC)-KI)fr>^ biiffer of nncLilUvilnJ bnddnmnd I he ^^ l^i I jnd^ vyh\^k probably hclfis lo reduce 
"^laieol Ji|m^ li> Llie ^et Itiods. U would t<i us[:f u I co iru:i7-Jhe I hci hufi er ■■ plLiPLCs where l£\ ckM:r4o JO fL'cl 
Soini: (:oi]'>jderLii Km '>l]onld tiK) he givci] [o ptinl i[L£ Ht>iT>[: (.i^loa^'iiod^ nverchuiielcoltic wa^ Tlic 

c\Ei ing [ r^L"^ die a^jig t]ftd 4:^ LRf 4o hK^k ip. 4ind ptinl lo^ hcwk y'OLio^ cuLlU]wxx>H would help jnjiiil Jin [ he 
c4J[U[Lh^'oiid conirnuiiJl y d Ihci'Je. 



Elel TNTOrcL P: 1 1^ r r K jx] an ^TE^f 





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£5 


PopuJis hjL^iniiJen ^p 

t nc hiic tiq^4^ V m pfcnnc Lup^ ul hv> fo r 


G4 


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145 



41 Boo^ackMeadovLG 

Lnc \ I K^^ 

Tbi^ sUems Inched ab^l I nLLcc^ ol 0\mcy MonUna Ji LIil' ^ illwoltr VuJkv. 

Boct^lMmiluw L^d^LicuLlv fof mcd di^prcshti^i LliLic WLic^ SLiniKd ouc b> Ih^gt^Lcrchd ^viis ]■ Llit Kiic ky Nkmrutna 
Trrncb Thi: VKLiiJohi' dcK^nl ^ipp.'^Lr 4o hL^'c ti "^TtJcc in let iif ii«l k1 . aMl apjunMil l> I In: WLicr in 4 [iLii wl^i bod 
dcnvL"^ »;:■» ly fn^in ^ rivhI^^ jIlt. Tliis "^^d^^: aic^m^ is dominoed h}' lj "^L^ndcr salgL' {C4l^^^ LthtLCLJcpu) coairnuiiJ> 
Vrki^k \hn\Lgcd b> jnjcnn^ bciakcd salgt ICjr:x lu riciLiid) coainmi] iI y LliLic b Lie d sliglil l> k>^i:r p::«il ua L^od lhv> 
fiLlfd ^ilh'^'^i^r- E foruL^ J tigg (7r ' mnx ' Ttic ^k^odcr si^dgi: coEnrnnii]! > Iilsi l^ gn^u nd tiVLT'^Ltl] [iL^h hih^ 4.c:i¥cr, 
uftd Llitn: 4IR: HLimc JLiT^L' 6cuiiC [^^.In:^ of r.'cd 4. jntuygiLtHS L PliL^Lins tinmdjftiiccL^j 1 n 4 h i*^ LL^innu aily. On Mmz 
sljghLy h]ghLTgiT)und la I hL' vklkJow l'> a "^m jLI [ u feed hairgrssi IDck:!] jaipKU ccsfccimj u>innu nily ^hictiis 
domjftiitL'd b}'[unal hturgrjHhL^ad njcTDi^-spikcJ r^cd^oKf^CaLirnL^ciiHlLMncxpjn'^il.TliiSirimaiunily htislxzci] 
invtidcd b> Kc[L4u4.ky bluL'^rjc^4P\'aprjlL'niiL'>? Offof 4hc norttihiL'sl culol BixHjtKk NfcLidow L'>ti'^hon^n[L£of 
smuLI di^jMUHJon"^ ^^ h lcIi lin: 4kmLnLlcd b> LNLln^r Lm led sl^jc LCun:^ j11il"[iiJl^J_ in lliicd s^dgL" lCur:?: vcsjLtinjJ, 
or c^i£ul L ^^ ph^L Li LfoLitU umniLiaLlJL"^, L^nd tih^lxJ hy j Ixuid of "^pru^L'^r^d o^Lcr do^h^ixiJ ( Pjlcj sp ^Coni'> 
Knccj) Dnnirnuii J > ThL'LipLaHl l'> ^pnccyi:h:4id l]l> | Fjcci ^p ^C LinkiflEi iiaLrkicu? jnd s«tulp]ii: flr/hc^lily ^ A biL'^ 
lL£iLCK'4ir^nVC LmkiflEi Liaitloru} fbr« 

Kl\ E^ V I P:t> N I[ FNT^ I FlCTOES 

Tbt bjdnlafj nf 4 [id ^lIi: is Lin: ch icf EJaor "4 ruci Lino^ uod miUiLiuiiiig Bnc4^k Ml'i^ow^ wd LohI coEnaiu n il k4^ 

RhEIT^ 

Tticic tirt rwo Tar plEiflf occincnii'cs EI rht SLit. ciHcd !i]i ittd f^n rc^iyoftrrc rrrtdai und spurrLxJ gcoiiLia 

( HLiLcaia dcfli^^tit l:c4 h oF wh icti nccir la I hL' ni^N sprvLL' fon.'sl "^u rnivftdin^ Bixljtic k NkLiJow Thi^rcmu norm: 

pltini coEnmii]]! Lcs. 



CD\U1^T¥1Y^ 

Tticic tuT piDl:4jM> nnt^in^nl hod lisl:^ d I ht sUi: h:Mdcs Imnl lo^ RcDd c jomy^ rL£u> riinns I jf^l' dnmc pLictLOi in 
LliL' slL'nd^r »rJgt ccunmLinLly 4ind 4ip]X'ms 4o lie sffr^]ig €oru n^l of 4 [lls s^Ecini. whK.1] luts bcL^n 4 [r^iol as b<:tl] un 
ciiH Lc t]ftd ti nd Lvc in [he lleidLin: LsdilTKiiJl L^rid l'^pl^hsji'c ^ ^pfclbunin uul Sjras 1^7) Thci ctxij^ giuHS 
liHins miTiicicu ll nic^s ■■ »Z4i^?:^ jLIv HixidDd VEinlicsL^nd icuii FopnLixifts in NihI h Anient li m\iy b: comjxin.'d of txUfc 
nd Lve f cfti1> [K^s umI ELiciipcui cik iv jc> ( McnglEino and Lcsjcti 1^^^^!^) 

A gicdl dc jL iif [ he tul^cri npbnd bjshi^eaorEi jiLl]i:]MT:ci^4>of bcin^liL^rL-L'^L'd S):3d Li^uL^ 4.ornL' down 4u 
^ Ltl]]i] abDnL 25 L'd l^ I hi: VKLidcin^ . co wIie^ft j fnrded buffer » rip bc^ in "^ 

^lore in ronOid ID* on 4 [le file's [i>'cf rnlcTgy ls ocfdcdjc licLp bctlLT nndecl^Lnd [ he effects cf tintEr hdPF'al on 
■^il L^'s wjIlt levels. 

Fit lie (inter h^uvefl a 4 lie ^il d sknU com inne lo enpLoy » reioMKidE^ nunugemenL /DnehnfTer^ ^tonllo^■goftkc 
rred c^inar^grfK in^'^Lhti^i is needed lodcx^inenl [low qn ickly 4 [ll^ 4igKfisive sjxx.jl's 4.tia spnrjd irmvch bjbildls. 



143 



BfH entO c e uiitBic E Info km aud n 



P H-C-.L *ifi''a^rji u^ ^oknifrra fcMurf 


Gi 


S3S4 


I^sl hLinp^itic LspjI^nsiL hszrfxH-L^^u^ ^ c^cl^y Km 


G4 


SJS4 


t\in:^ Li^HiLtirpti fcL'rti.fc-i^iJU^ ^ cji dLi KHi 


G5 


S."^ 


C'Jizc^ HKJriLi horhtt L\^u\ ^ L'^Li.i Km 


G5 


S5 


TjpLlLIiIoLili hLTlxtL^ms ^ L^ctLi loa 


G5 


S."^ 


CLirL'K j11il"[iiJl"> hi: jhtH.i7<ms ^ L'iid jIk™ 


G5 


S."^ 


C\irc^ VL"^ic£if iLi fcL^rttti^iJU^ ^v^da irai 


G5 


S5 


OfitiLc:^ k:«>uin pu'tiJlLini 


G5 


s: 



IJQ 



42 Egan ^ough 

|j]c \ I K>^ 

E£>ii Skngh L'lkx^Jfd ii^^t coltic FlLihc^ R]vtrnonhof Fldhokf L4iL: Ji nort[LWL"4 MohLjoll NOTE: Tl]isj'>t] privdc 

i^-cttind jod Lindcin^ n{:r pi^ruii'Sttim is needed lo ticccu> Lliis "qI t 

Rec ■ "s Fss 

Ef^ Ski«gh L'> ti hrge biir'a:^[Lo:-sl]LA[Kd cii^ b<:n^ IliKc n?U li> Llie FLi [lclkJ Kivcr T^Hincd wliea I ht nvtr rol otfT nut ctT 
il "i rnem]di:c>. Egdn Slongli now Ilx.)l'> a "^u rfjce wjIlt ui*im ion ki FLJ [kzlkj K Lvcr exccjl lor ti d ike wil h ti h?4idgLic 
vy\L\^k htis Ixzcn (:oi]4 njcTcJ 1x1 wcea I he 4 wi> The WLicr Level of E^tii Skui^ti nse^ dnd f jLL'> we h 4 [ic Lcvtlof 
FLthei^ Rjver. [nud Liki^Ly die 4o gioiind wJ er nmaea lon'i 1x4 weci Llie I wo. Funned la hchL^ iif aJluv eJ ori^ m 
CUSD^-SCS L96:3j.llie!ikjujh CicraeiiUlic bai e-mmpks of a Lir^c nv cr Jjii^li Ji [ he FLJ lieaJ ValLcy ( Lesjca 
undJcd? Gcod e;uLin|Tt'>ofdcepntiiHl] '>}ialJo^ ntirJi aod lil[u^k. pLuu cornmii J lcti are found h^ir The Jeep ^^a[^tL 
coffiETiu n il y cxx u r^ a[ii«ftd Llie a[ii«ftd Llie uur^Ln*^ 4ifid £y Llie end^ iif 4 [ic ^longli aod jk lude^ WLicr [LO[^elaLl 
C EqiETi:^ in f1i]viiit]k) cdirdil CTypLi td ifiilLai and lianldcn hu Injsh {^Jipi]'> acuLu'>Honiiniii]l lcs. u^ "^cll Xi 
"^^me 4ai]d'> of bRudfriEcd bur-rcedcS[£LJ^aiiunieur>x.ar|)«nj Tli ts Jl'c4 LL^mnu nily hitsnl Km n dsZM. rihcJ lor 
MonLana, bnl d EganSk^u^h il ciixmai tihiivl I he ^^une piVtJLJcu] oh Lhe cJlaiL coniniunjl > ThesLUk^w n1a[^h 
cfwiETiuniLy L^i in slLf hLlyt halkin^cr wHer, and ik I wies 4iwn«l "sxl^c ^ Caici d licnidcsj umI bcdkcJ "^^d^c c€ajc\ 
uL ricitiid? conuniiJl Lcs. The ^na ic coEnmniiJl y in ^h: Jk^w er jx^d^ i^ 4 Ik: ^k^gli EiJuninJcd b> ^vUcr IlIv ^ Nnpliar 
viirie^Jnni)^ woler nijlfo]l LMync^phyllnin vcniLjILlnEn^^Liid LL^^nm hiLddcrwon i L^ricitma vnJ^n.'t^ whiL? 
deefxr ^nLic ic Dimimii] J Lcs are JcuninJaf b> ] LbkUd jxmdweed ^ PuaMK^^dii* illLnccKsiii) and ^h He talked [K^ulweizJ 
( Pclanui^clon pi;ieloi]gi]'>? ALihxi nod Lend of 4 lie ^Lou^ h ii* an mtiiid e^ 4II] 4FQvn.^o^ Ixit> I Pufvlu^ 
Li?innLoLdcs^Syi]]p[Liincaf]Thalbv>j kifen mw. h of wliiL h hjs hi^en jnp:b.Led by^r^/ii^ The IcmfuranLy flcxided 
rnaFg]KS of I he ^Louf h s«|TfUf1 a'^d rneiadow (^oinnu nily dimiLntiol b> e'ux ic jx^nn: ^ uutes [ h i'> cimniu n ily ha^abo 
b^en heiiviLy inflncnccd b> gi^v ing. Bd ween [ he ski«gh aul Llie FLi IlcliJ K Lvcr d a caiii*WLXid^red-L>tKr4kigWLXid 
conmunily ^liich hLi^ jLho been influenced b> jxfl^rjjin^ [didn'l yuJ eillier of Lhe bd twocommniEie^ 
iifcnEii lan abaui 4 [leni L'>[tikcn fiom Lcuca L u nd^y e^U 

T[lc [ly'Jciik^f > Df the stc Ellie n::« impnrtail faaordetennininf Iheconlinied exidcnc? of tlie wet land 
conniu n lUes al E^a SkMgh 

RhE[T^ 

Fonr rare wetland pLinls ciccnr Lie Egjn Slouch Thceaic pyg my w^ er ]jl> L Nynphaea Let ra^ona)^ wliic h Cidihjnnd 
inllic PLX-ific NiHlliwei fiornclic niain part of E'^ran^c in eificin Nuflli AncniTJ €oLu mbu WLXcr mcdU WolffEi 
ciilnmbiana? abto «cu rs liere Gc4hol I he^ were oWTL-ed dinig mv^ile vise T'^'o n4 her '>px:jes [ htl nccnrher? 
bu[ whK.1] were nu iitiKLTFol d u nn^ my "^e v bit arc wJerc lnbTll^h IS4. iTpus su bcenninaJcij umI "^"ai er 44ir-gri»i 
( HelcranLlicrj JitwL^ Tlie ^LhpcnAtMVA Kny ^.omKiniEy b I he ii*l> Ijil^w n ixcinukLC l^ I hb I ype we4 of Llie 
cuHLneHaJ djvide in ^^DnLina. The ihkd* torciic domin^ucc of ubpen jnd m\l bLick cd con weed b not kno^n LLcsica 
unddedj 

QtIEE V^LIES 

NnmcionH ^px le^ iif binls and mjrnKkiL'> have tree ■ obnrn'ed 'Ji Egdn S longli. Tlic areii l'> fkIi in wjkJLifcakd uf 
u ndou bled Ly inip:)rtai4 bleeding habJai kirnun> ">]!«:] e^ ^ Wcflec und Lqie^ L^6j 

CD'Sn]7X]M 

Ef^ Skngh L'>ui^ lor wai erfi>wJ hunL]igaHl lof fEiliLn^ T lie ^kmgli d jLho used as a '>npp]y of Jin^d ion wacr 
fof adjiiceni eiopLind ^Voler I cim I he slan^li is ab:) alk>wed li>n:n^ Jilo I he FhJ lieLid River dunng k^w nver 
levels Lo firevenl flcxid]ig of ccupLud in I he spnig ( LesiLa nnducedk R eed c^inarygrfK 4 Ph jlarvi anind lULKej) 
preics a I hreai Loche ^^a[^tL eonim u n iIks d E^ai Skiu^k. e hiK 4ilie4idy inv^ed mivk of Lliesi: umnu n iljes and J j^i 
vciydiffiLull Lo 4.onl roU ^pfelbanm aftd Sjms 1*^7) Hii«ftd4on£ue ^ C > no^Ls^m olYk inaLei, CdntiJa [ h l4 k '€ limu m 
arvcnszh s:nv 4 kelle 4 E^^ktlins nLigJkUhvsJ^ and eornncM inillcii ( Vertuse u rn 4 h^ip^vsh lLju kmnd in [he npiirun T^re'd 
eonniu n II jes. G ray [UJlTidge l Penli\ pecdii^j Ting- necked pt^^L IPhasnniJS ll^L ic u^^ Ein^p.'^Ln ^arlin^ L^uni'i 
vulgarisj and hiivse sfuir^^w ( Pti»T[:rdnnr4 Leis> aie inlrcidneed birds lepiHled froniEgdn £ k^uf h ILoiied ■ftddted ) 

UrLAtfua 

TEie npLinds snmmnd ing 4 ke ^k^uf h 4ind 4 he land liot'^een Lhe aiuis of [ he ski«gh are n^ed forgiD^ing crops Tkeie 
areaL^^J le^id 1 res1den4.es 4idjLiPLen[ 4o I he sk^u^ h Be4h pet? LlinrJ s Lo [ he "^^erqvjl J > ol EganSlan^k Tke 
'^^er^'eKied rx her [ u rtid dnnng niysEevUkd 

151 



[n FUfj ^ Tu N Needs 



Mi^ ^ G EH TNT We E [>s 



Elej^ entOtcl rie^ rr ]\ra au ^tk^ 



Popnlis 1 rcnu lDidf?Avin|TfcnncEif]m> uJbv> fom 


G3'' 


SJ^ 


Po|«]is IwL^imifcr] ■fl>p_ 1 nchcx'Ji^4.cwuu!i stncKi 
fbira 


or 


SJ 


Csn:^ n^arjcLi hcdxiPLC^^UM'L^cU urn 


G5 


S5 


Scirpu^ LiPLri us liL'ctucc^^us ^ szgctLl ion 


G5 


S5 


Hqu I'^T u ni fli^ Ly lie hcrkK L^^u^ ^ L'^Li^y Km 


G5 


S^ 


TyphiLLliloLiLi horlxtL^Jus ^ l^cilI loa 


G5 


S5 


C'Jizc^ j11il"[iiJl"> hi: rtth. 17(^*1 ^ L'^d jIk™ 


G5 


S5 


N> niphLiL".! 1 d nigijji.i *s»fi kNhcrgii 


G5T5 


SI 


Scupu^ Hflh^jnuiLAl L'> 


G4G5 


S2 


Wolff u coLunibiiinti 


G5 


S2 


HctciBtf brrLi d ubia 


G5 


SI 



152 



43 GoodCi^ekMai^ 

|j]c \ I K>^ 

MODtB 



TtiLsbLiui rcn (X-c u piL's L1 gliicEiJI>-ronnc^ dL'prc^n* orm gtntly s1np]ig. fti>ill]- Feic i n^ hil KhIi: dlxnv? Gc>rd C rc^k 
T [ic "^^ lt Honiui: b. L1 svkUl Ji^iw [o 4 [k: M)U[ h ^^ Jl [i Jri^znnjlccri "^tIjcc Dim Dunn^ h|u h- ^^ ^fcr [K:Tind'> "iHTfuirc 
i^^i^m^u] fh^w I nnn Llii: ^"Q Load rcim j sveiJI ouLld bnl prim jnLy wljclt uui fti^s jcl' Jil' 4o gn^u nd"^^ i:r ]ciHti:4> und 
cvdfxliLiKtfiQiKi* Thi:sc? L'> dorruftiiL'^ b}' li ^L?kJ i:r scd^c (CtirL'\ LKHictiijxjJ mc^cn^ "^ Lili ^ ruirruw rmxi OLCufiLcd 
by WLicr [LU[^flLJL^ Eqiiisi:^ in fluviLic iJl') '>um)u nd i[L£ jl [■ Lin: ccnl lt cd~4 [ic »:^gL' VK^dcin^ istUJiy pdt:]] of op^i 
"^^ i:r wil h "^^cr JiLiL"^ { Nu p^rsp ) Ttic ^kxiinu Li ion of si^dgi: jx^^ c\CL'cd'> 1 3in. and ^ 4.1jy Livi^r l]fN Ixkm 
LliCTri: [ELl dL'jy^^ [nmcJEii i:lv ^u nni]i]d]ig LliL' jxuid L^jnaiRiw btiMl of dixjd«i>its >?gd lIki* doaunLlcd by bLick 
ciUcoa'^xxxJ L F^^J v> L JictKX^L^rfu^ uhfti^n IPofiu Lu*^ 4 fL^rnnkitdcs? uul viimivs "^tu b^ T [ic "^u rnmndjig upland 
vcgclLiCk^ L^ J su baJpirK: fjr/licur^rHi I Abies LKKK^irp^i^Xcn^ph > I liiin Li:nax ? bjbildl cypc "^ [iLch Lsdorn]^!^] by 
Icdgepiik t^inL' ( Fjiv> cuHoda? 

Kn E^^ iP.^i^>rE^ Ki F^ttot:^ 

Ttic ^'j^^liL ni^Hl 11^ d IhL'sucL^ad year- kin £ "fii Hid Lon la I hi: irx:4 lo^ /ooe ai^ R^hfHlVtlbLc forchcpdi 

Liccinu Ili ion 4ii]d pLaH coaim u n iIks d LhtsAi: Tht ufiLoMls an: domioLdcd b> jhl'riI Lcdfcpok fiinc coaiamii J y^ w J [i 

V4itli:r^ firt-st^jcrcd Ijrcl] infnzqucni vkxIci^Ic co ^and- n^pducio^ fl res ph^nndEuLly buncdltic ufiLaMls 

"^u rTonnd Jig Lliis rcn. LT^ EX.1] lt aod GriLlLcy L^Tj 



GoodCirckftn "^[LLk'nnJ cspzcLalLy divci^ flon.'^ically dc>:sl]L>d Li^x) pfeiils wh icti ljcl' rjma MonUna^ 
cfL'cpjig "^gL' C Caiei cbiHdc^TTfciuj aul p:>H grsK 4 ^LliL'uc^li/criLi pulu'd ns>, ah wl'LI as a prvl]i]i: i^^anpLc oF u 
slcodcrscdgi: LCan:x LisHJcafjuj cunaiu n iLy. 

OriEi Values 

ThnfmLsnod likely a FUin^-l hiongli h^dLind rnL^^iiiog Jl Ixlli ctci^jvl"^ gionndi^UerdEf bjr^L' and pcii^'KJcs 

f Ri«ftdwLiii:r rcchaj^c Lo [ he Gcxxj CiL^ek d uinagc Givtnltie inLLiPLl uphodsjnd tick l^ ir%idh ]■ tin: caiLluni^nL , Jl is 

bliE^ly [[i£d alliif [ hc^d LimIs fiiru-l K^os an: loiad (t g slion-ccnn dyntiMiLC^TtdCi: h^4ii:r <oiagt long-LL^m 

<Lic ic suTlace "^"ai lt "diiTJ^e^ L^k'nicrial c}M. I]ig^ n:moviiI L^ L'k'niL'nis cimpi^u ads and pan icuLJes? ICixil: aul HaiiLT 

I99S3 Thtscc Lsabiivl OJ mik fioin LIil' nc^ir^^ rci^iJ.aiid Lis fL'lLiiJVL' ■■JCY.L'^ibjlLly LaigL'Ly 4iccou nLs lof Lis 

riKtxmjl inccgnly 

Cp^niTta^ 

Wtlilht cxczcpian Df hH Loc^ Lbm aiE ID cincBt laid b^lci ut cli is ftn. >ki ^ x£t ic floni CLincH Ly I [imJei] [ he 

Etc 

UrLAHna 

Tkcic hsEi h.'ci] »:)nii: p4fi k^inf inlhDkdgepoJD^aHlssiiTRiindinglhL'^'dJjnd Judging fn^mLln: pKSf nci: iif dcLxJ 
IndfCfK^k pinclalLal by nmniE jn pjul' th.'cl Lc. 4 [ic [ iinbi:r liarL'L"^ "^"as kif [ hc^d^iigL' iif d^zLiiJ I ilms TliL^n: d kq 
obvLou*^ ^[xrand d 1*4 ■rtxin^L' Ji LliL' c£i4.1]ini:nL. Til Ls kn L^sunoundcd by t-on^fd SlTf lci: tiMls dnd 4 [l^k aiL' no 
obvious [ h [m-^ <o I liL" vjjbiliy iiH liLS siIl" Lc !*_"**:■< 

Ml'<^GFMr^TWEE[>^ 

Sliuamsidc niaQagi:nicri /one lah^'s slioiiJd b^ ol:»:rL-ixl ifaiy fri u ci: 4 imKT han ch ixcirs in 4 [ll^ ^.LicchvKil 
Eleh entOccu tiEfCE Keq nu ^tco^ 



Carrx ttsxicarpa htrtuccDiLS vcgctd HM I G5 I 55 



153 



44 GoodCi^ekTribkJBry 



LOC^TKJN 

Reci^ess 



TtiL^ sUems Lin: hni^id llcxid pltiin of jn [^plicaicrjL ^ rc^m Ji I Iil' Rcxky MounUinTiTKh A series of h.'uvi^r duvK en 
tin: creek htis crcdcd ^ scqimcc uf L[^n;iL«J wc4 Loads. Oil' iif [ he duMb is !$ fc^ I j|] ukd cit^iKl"^ 4 [le enl icl' 
IkhixJpLjia Ttieir ls ^ Lorgi: iiccinekLC ol wcl spruce fnicH ol [ hc^il l' wliicli ^rjHcs mlo t]i ukJer sh^dmp. T he 
spruce^u n kmhlx^e ( Pice J sp /Lysjc h il in jaicriLtiiin) lorc^ and [ he tilHer s^'dmp have j siaiiLir ve^ddlKi* 
cunpLiSLlKi*. 4ind 4 [le Eruun d]ffere[u.e is domjftjncc b> eilliLT "^pruee m~ jldi^r^ Jl ^ piiHsibLc I bdt [ [le tikJerswuEnp 
"^ lI I £Qid utilLy be repLKcd h}' spnce s^iinp P\hii nfltie bcixid flccdpljiJiJ Llicsce is doaiinLicd by d E>tu mimiwl^ 
"^ lI lo^/h.'aiDH s[:dge L S^Lix d nnaic^nd iL^na/Ctire;^ ijl ricu Itiai 4.oinnu ridy T he ciiMrly . d r>^ ephcnei;il 4 lumn channcL e 
doauftiited h^'chce^iilLc^rLtssredkiptAgrci^Ei'diilimLremi T h n^Li^tioLii 4 [lls ^.orniniiEy die seLicLenzd [uiehesnr 
bli^k eeJIoah^txid^ncin^ bi[:TT>' ( Fnpnlis buhaMiLFem sf p LTicticxLjrpLi^Sy aiphorKdrpiis ^Lbu't ) n^Enrnun J > . we h pi^ctiesor 
bcjked m_^£e awinu n il y in "ft etLer Lueas. There jre ot*:^ vyne fU4. hcs ijfsfwnce^field [u^D»eli5LU Piceu np /Eq u met u m 
Lirveosi:) 4.c»rniniiEy u* [lie ouler nur^ins ofltie sprvLC s^ioaip wliere e ^ d ner 

Kit Bj'^EtoNWEMT^LF^rTO E*: 

Tbc liTdiDlafiy dTI he site. Lis f eimoq^Diugy^ dud be^^erjd tviL^ tire Lhe I tiree d nv in^ fbdms ^nicl uni^ Llie 

plEiBi coEnrnin J Lcs Lc 4 he sUc 

A p^pnLiKi* of Llie rare pliinL kid ne^'-leuved vuLel | Vic^h leiifiilLi} WLic^ KJenl ifKd ai LlieHEe Hmvever.chc 
pltinis were vegettl L>e a»d lis idem ily nced"^ co lie eon FirMK*! ^a title K 's la fltj^^er T he "^il e j1si> has tiiaie ^■rt 
spniee coairnin J> J [le spnu.e^ku n kcdbbtj^e ftifCH 

Or I El VALVES 



Co H D ITKl N 

Ttieie tire ftQ einenl hod Lii£s ev tderi ti I tie site Ttie Emideuinnon e^ci (c spectes d I he site js tlie ^il^hs. redtop 
AlsDfTfrKri LE 4 he site are reed eantuygiuHS t FliLjLans tirundiftjceaj^ Keoi ucky blue^ tu^ ^ Pc:a pr^ii en'osi Idll blue 
lettuce ^ Llk4 U4.a bjen n Ls? CanaJd 4 liu^le ICiCtiLim dPFeuse)^ and bill ersweet I ^itiuum d u Icuuumi T he t^x) tiiler 
sp:4.]es Jie esfiecLdL> coEnrnou oa I he hetiver dams. Tlie pievdienee uf exc4 es, espre laLly tn 4 lie d ner liabilJls 
RUffcdssune [ttd diHl u rh^nce sucli as ^ E;i7in£ 

Tke LipLaads !■ the vie inri^ of the wa Laad arrnaua^ed ftif t imber pmlEielKia aod have cincit It^sgiig ^vitiviy. 

Ihfokii ^tiqm Weid s 

ThE sic ircds tt) [i4n'e a flnru^ K. tnyeriut^' pcifotvKd tnlliespnnf i^ hea kidiey- k^jveJ violet es ULxmiing. T he 

site dbt^^ nee^K ^mic research jjiIo lis land us: hNiny 

Mlf ^GEklENTMLE[>& 

AairiegiEded weed uunagement ptui e^ teemed to devekifmoiThL: ^ ry e^ les for cuoi ruLI lug ur reductn^ 4 [le trnpwtof 
eiiH Lcs on 4 [le oaiive [iLiri coEnrnuujI es d IhesEe 



ElT^I r^TOrt I P:F>^l > b>(iH^I-TE(J^ 



Pjlc.l mv'l\| u _-j_ uiii .m jnv nv.^ 


G4 


ST 




Picea sri-'K siL h Nil* Lii>eriLLLiiih JoreS 


G2 


s: 




CareK nwJriLi hcrlxte^Jus^eDMLlK^n 


G5 


S5 




AnExrfisrfoloniJen hertKt e^^us ^ i^setLl ion 


G5 


SE 




£alix d tiihniond iLinLiVlare;^ ulntulLica shniblaHl 


G5 


S5 




Pewits luLuiaiden s^p 
tnchticaqi^ynpkincafpai allns far 


Gi 


S4 





154 



45 Lake House Meadow 

Location 

Kiel's E3S 

LfilLf HDiLSf N^mduw l^ ^ c] vicr iif [ h rfc kwg^ hinow d i^pic^Hhu^nal ^"d LjhIs in a k:n^ kIlcC ^Lic iLxcd Ln^u^ h scd hDg 
inltic Rnck> Miivriaji T fL^ncti Thi^K arc iio jj^ci^nL ^u cfLiiLL' ^iicr iriLcl^ li> LIil' dL'prc^3>Kiv>. buc 4 [ici? L'>a^urfKt 
"^^■^ronlkJ d lijgh "^"ai i:r Ttic woli^r "^^u n.i: for I hL' wet bnd isimid Jik^zJy domjulL'id h}' £[ii«ftd^iicr andAif 
prL'CLpilJlJoi]. Tlii: p^ biik4> arc dominai c^l h}"^lL'[Ldcr s[:dgt LC^^^h; L^kkx jcpu) jtil'^ilJok's in [ he ctnLral jioUki* oF tkc 
dcpfc^Lon Th L'> coinnu n Lty Lt 4 > [iLC4iJI> '>uTRi«Hlcd b^'ab^iod of th.'^ikcd si^dgi: lClih:^ ricKiiiiijjoruwicdbcdgc 
(Carr;^ LI hciridi:?i) conETiu n il y. wliiL h foruLS a lagg or " rmxii ' la "Ji^hi ly dcL'f>[:r wjIlt Llitm Llii: nkndtr scd^t 
cimniu n iLy. TliL' diN:]>.T fxx)L'> Lir.' dL^ininai cd b}' a "^^cr bi>ra:taiL lEq u L'MHnin Flu v ui lIl'j cimaiu n il y^ whic h bjsdEnDckv, 
'^Ai bmcorn. A sffncc^fJL'ld [lorMHL^LU Picfa spTEq u l-^ u m eliv'cksi:^ cornmii] J > ncciPi a^ a nano^ . d lk^i*! in uous 
FnigL' JiDLiEid out iif 4 [ic dcpfcsiions. T he u pl^od^ dmu nd I hL' see tire d sffncc/bci^ Lilv (Piccu np ^iLntoi]]^ 
UD iflora? foR!4 

Ttie h yxj EDiagy Old EcoffiDi|][Lok:^y uf 4 [le sil e dnve I [le f^lem iiT [iLiri cuEnrnnn il is> d I hci ^"el LielJ Nq cvkj encc of 
ein^nl or|^ bcovcraJ ivty ^"a^ observed duTing [ he siLe v CiiL 

Nu lare pJunL'f or euffiETiu n Llje^ JK kno^ a fcun Lhci iiMc. 
Otiee Vm1]i5 



Co 1 D ITIQN 

Ttie on ly pfolxjbLe bnd u»: c>xi] inn^ li 4 [lls sile is h u nUig Reed caAiir>£[u:^ ^ PhaLiTLS aiu nd i nt£eai d well 
cdahlEiheJ tin^iid 4 h^ l~crip}ier> ol I he wet kinds jnd th b.'^ ijijiji^ to in^^LiJe 4 ks: doni iiiLini eenLrjl sJender sedgt 
euffiETiunily in4k^ kirge^ aie^c:n> T kisin^^thi^ ^ ^ ^J^^ piises li LLazjI to 4 ke h^dLiod l^ J could eveoJualL^ [kwii^c 
tke sltnder »edge 4.oininLinLly dnd ddplai^e Lht utivesL^dge 

TJpLhMna 

Tbc Li pki feds tire nan L^ed fiir 1 1 mher pruJ liU hi* 



Tke h>'drafci£> trflkci wet lL3LwfL3Lwfnifccraiiearty needs ^t 
mk of s ruLiEidwder OS a "^^eriXHict ftu"! ke wetliiods. 



J> lo brtter andcrtLJLid giou nd^A^cr flo^A jxii^ and t he 



Mt^ MJ l-H TNT We E L>^ 

Aa> futn re E imber han'e^ ajt^u nd I kis see needs to en^pli^y l^ 4 reamside aiaiuigenicri /one buffer^ Jl niinimnn [i 
addi ica . tlie reed eLJQajy^ ra^ needs to he nonilored to detemine hc:n^ qnickly lI's ^reiid in^ 



Eli]i c^tOccl rii^ ct Imu a>i ^rE(j\ 



Pkoi \^c<\ ncKl nm jPrensc forerf 


G4 


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PliLikiTis anftdina£^Li heifucecnjs >?selLic ion 


G5 


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G5 


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E(j nesa u [n flivEii lie herhxeous veDclai un 


G5 


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Curex 4itl]eEiides keTtuLeous ve£e44itKi* 


G5 


S5 



155 



46 Mcwemegar Sough 

|j]c \ I K>^ 

TtiL^sUt islnc^cd lalht FlLichc4id Vj|]i:ysc^-L'[ul niiJcsL^ijEHiif KliLi'>j>.'LI N^>i]l4iDEL NCn~E Tli l'> l^i a [inv^ t wflLind ukd 

luodowitr jx^mL^Hi* l^ ncnJcd co 4iccc^ 4 [ll^ sec 

Rki'sess 

McWeiH^tir Ski«gh i'>ai]o\lxiw bk<: of Llit uxuKdcm Ftii hnid River TtLc^lmigl] ls L'uLn^ph ic-'mc^l R^ptiLC ukd rich \n 

Bq^Kptml diVL'Escy T here is opci "^Ucr la LIil' orricr jnd 4 ht ntLrgji]'> ljil' dnmin^ c^l b}"^"^ lt lii^r^'ttiiL 

( E4|iet[:4 in f1i]viii]k ? ht]id4ern biiLniithLScirpLisLirriLisj^cdctiiLrryphti iLic ifolij^ and W4ii:rl]l> L NLip[L4ir np ) 

S]Kci»> of pond'^ccd 4 PiUajmigdm] sp ? 4kmLndc arc4is 1x4 whi Llii: npen WLier4iDd auar^ ill's ]■ T-ja SsfccLcscd" 

pcndwecd jreriojnd lalheslc^u^h vykick L'lai u ausuulLy hi^ti Itvcl of puwlwtcd dL¥CEJ> 

Ke\ ENVIKONhCFNT^I FlETOXE 



A nninbtr nf nare pLiDL spec les iioTir J [hL'>'fili: incLud ing ColuintrGi W4ittnKuU WoLITei colinbuoAJJ. and [i>£[ny 
Hdsliiy (NympLhCJ 4ctr^aaa> R]vtrc)14cr isi: of [ hc'>jlc h^ts bctn utihrrh'cd inltic [^td 

Otiei Values 



COHEHTlOn 

Dariig I^JsUt vise b}' LcsicBund McALlHcr pu mp [tuu^ES and one ic^stdcncc "^ci? obn^FVfd udjuctnL 4o I ht 
"^longl] , Llie encri of imgLicioi] we hd ra^iibi drenl Ijicin^n Some sill dcpuhc^ were aisii ob».'rL ed ]■ Llie hIi^u^Ii. a^ 
"^"as »:)rne I id^il > Ji Sbj^ SLou^ h dnd 4 he ru^n KeiiH end iif McWeiie^tir Ski«gh^ tm o^'eulJ "^"^y er cLinl > necincd 
£a:d ^Vdler "^kieb iiav e tEca lUkJig Llie skiLi^li :^ftLC ti Ic^fi I [ic air1> l^i^s. Nd c\d l£ pLdois wtre abbCTVcd inciic 
slon^l] EscLf 



SnnuLiEid inf tii]d'>ajc pnmunLy ised for j^ fkiH urr jnd griFio^ There Lsone residence 
Sl4ite R(£kf 35 TiJ n*^ dlons [ he "^njlh "^ide of4 lie site 



le^L [o 4 [le sLou " h and 



I ■fonna ion oa I he ct]is[: of Llie '>jk JefXi^il ua ]iiD N^cWen ncgdr SLouf h d needed Th^vz l'> abuu need Lo k^ru I he 
"^^ er sr«ice r^4 [le sLou^ h 4ind ^^ liet her a^TicLilIni^il jxdlri ion da^TedLnf I he slouch 



Ma f a g eh ent Ne e ds 

Reercii iLi[i4i] u v of I he sloug h cuuid behavjig longcenn i mpiicls on [ he aL[ulic filai 
a jnuaa^enieru pljnlhai includes ]imilsLosu4.1] uk should be ciiftstdeicd 



co[nrnnn]l Ks d lhesEC.4ind 



Kmi I ^TOrt \. RRi^rTlHraiM ^Tn^f 



SlJleLh^uhnionlree 


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SLieLh^uhnionlicc 


Z 


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LleiH.hLiru>ic^eLltla 


G5 


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^Viilff iLi loLu mhuna 


G5 


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l^G 



47 PDirdDJFtocks 

Loc \ I K^^ 

Tbi^ sUt nccm J u^ off U.S. ^ J ^Ixml S nilc^ iH>itl] of OLncy^ NkioluiLL 

Kiel's E3& 

Tbi^ txltnsivt w]]kiw bctLon nccuiy on LIil' dL'cp ulLuvuL sill'> ol LIie^ flixidpijii] iif [ h? u ppcr Si iLl^vUcr R Lvcr. Tlic 
Fkxxj pLiia njigcs fn^m L^X)- WDm ^ idL'. and [ he "^ ilkvA' IxcLL^jn L'>atToi]l jkm Lon^ Ttic nv<:r 4 [iciivgh [}i ■"> nxi::]] Lsk^w 
fRidiL'nc '<]i«iiv>.4ind fmKy L'nLnzKhcJ Ni> bcLiv^iH or bc4i^'cr aLLjviy ^i^ ohtL^F^zd hnl only j^ni^dl [HHlKmid" 
LliL' wi]k>w Ixctom ^viis in'tfK'clcd. A Dru mimiwl^ wilkiwVbLucfinnL crcdgr^Hfi 4 SjIj\ d ninirncmdunti^tiijaMEigni^is 
cdntidni'^is} (.oinnLiaay doETiiiiLiccs LliL' Hilc. Elmiairmiiid's ^ ilkm tiftd R:d-c:«iLT do^'^'uxJ LCnm u^ si^ncc jj ^htin: druniomiirc 
of Lilt Hkru b Liyi^r. whicl] 4|1m> htis Bi:bb\ wiLIrn^ ISaJi;^ brbbi^iftii^ BcxiJ h'^ wilkiw ( Stili^ bixHtiLO blLiiLk haMhomc 
(€ mlLfgis dou^ Il£iI] ? uul "^xxxj^iri^t^ L f^nKi wrxid'>jij Tlii:^: ls sfun? co^'i^r of ■ftdL'rHor> giijnLnoid'> and fDdx> 
"^Lili fcn^l bLuc^rjK IPcxi [oJ VI rvi)^ biLiciiiiai lucdgi^iHh. and TkU mjri L Nf?i4 ba ELiy?KSCiUh[Mixi» cornimi* "^pxjcs 
A vnl comrvc jLcd a '>jk 4. h> kum "A" [lon/cu] L-Uitin I liick, ^ il h "^"ai lt lujchcd J a dcfH [i of S(]c m. SlII ^Luns 
on 4 hL' h:tsc Lif 4 [ic "^ Llk>w^ Lnd ic^ D 4 hai Lln^coEnrniiiJly 4iLI fhxxJ^ Lie 4 imcs ci i:n 4 [louf [i Lhi: hvlt cLifim^L b 
fdiTly l'hI ji.'H.liL'd 

Key Env icuflncnldl Flx-Uhh 

RL'p^Liicd flixidjig aftd [ he reHvkin^si^djvKiil dcpuhcioD.Ui wtLlu^ahigh wjlE^rt^bLc^hdvcbccnchc kc> factore 

tliEi liL^vc^hafcd [ h? pboicominiiEydlchL'^^LlL' 

Runy 

No larc pljnL'> or cimETiu n iLjcs aie kncin^ a lo c:c4. u r on [ [ll^ Etc 

Qt ■ EE V^ L L F.S 

Ttn"^ wiLkjT^ hn»o[n pcrfnnns v^mc ]nfcirtanl T^^dtind fiii:t]on^ E>nnng prjk flow^ of [ he 3tl]wiierRivcr.<lic 

i^dtind [cnpjcuriLy »on>> ^u rfLx.e WLicrand ailcnniiccs jx^ak Ikih^'s. Thb WLiccr ^rjd ualLy druns fiom [he "^iIl' jnd 

mmnL Jin*^ ^ [rajiiRow iLiccr in 4 [le ^u m mer The w]lk:n^ IxiJIoeti pfob^jbly jL?:) fiii:tHn'> Lo rd Jin pjn icLiLJa> aul 

rnnii^'c 4ind SLig UCTier imjionnJ eLevKnIs jod coaifx^u nd*^ su4.li £u> phci^phom^ jnd ■! ciigcn cornpcHHl'^ BccaiscltLC 

upLmds 

in 4 [le "^^erytied havchcei impLKicd by rciuJ bn]kJin£Ljnd lirnl^erhaivcH [lies: LJccr fiKLxifts cou kJ he jneKLEing 

teyoftd tbchr nd uuJ unf e of varcii ua L lc. dne li> inricabcd EcdincH kjuds in I ke c rrekj 

Co H n ITIQM 

rite "veI lo^v^ tn 4 kc ^and aie vciy dcisc jnd limjl liunun n^c^ A g4is Line tuqs diong [ he non h{MM olge iif 4 [ic 
"^lIIo^ bucomand has enlsirio I ke »aMl inafL^^ pLiecs. Tliere b lc kL£l one "^nuLI clL'^irjig "^ [icie d mfcrsi^d 
edmpjigaftd rivvr aeces^ can ec4.nr T cuei^s of lowl blne^ ri:^ aMl CL^n^yf lj 4 [ll^Il' 4 CiiHinni drFcn^j^) CKxnr ii Llie 
"^ lDdw CDEnmniiy. buL do net prHeni jnylkids a ItiusLLinc 

US ^3 jnd jnjiLline nn ^uuIIl'I co 4 k[^ wiLlo^ hiilloni ii* opfXKil l' sida> ofl ke n^er. bui 4 tie}' ai^ Inched iit 
LlienJ^cofLlic VLjLle> ^ heie I kL' ■ptiid sIojks Lind viillE^y fkuf ncd jnd IkisdokiH i^^lly eiiH cum or 
ekan nclczf I be n^'crciiaiitl d all. T hcic ts ctcurcd [itdnrelund on [ he s:njl k oI^l' iif I [ic ^ lIIdw uaMl. 

Th^ nvcr 4 [L[ii«gk [ h Ls niKl] l^ fjiKy entiuH. hed . jnd lI h^tivkl be n^efil lo have d [L>'d rokigd ^biLche'^cco 
see lF Lliis a nti u oil siLnLii HJ* or if E is Lke resu ll of do^ u^nll in^ 4.aiis[:d b> knnxin ^kii ions cIk^ here on [ he 
river 

M I "S ^ G EH EhT Me E DS 



ElEM ENTOceL tl£^ E£ l^FQ em ^TCO^ 



SaJ IX d nnETiond mna^atiMiagnretis e4ina[tciss 
"fhriiblaftd 


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48 PJtsenbi^ Meadow 



|J]C\IH^^ 

TtiL^ sjLl' is J nilc^ ■r^l] of OLncy^ NkiriuAJ iLinorf US ^^ j nik'SftiiflliofOLncy onLn^dac fofUH cxxiiJ cm 

tlicnonhcjri \h1l' iif [ [i^: higli^vijy Follm^ [ [ll^ cixiH forjlxmi I rn]k , I hL^n 4 u n Lcfl ondk^^in^ itxkJ L^od goa]xi«r 

I nilc Ln R ilsiMibu r^ N^E^uf inv 

Rjls[:i]hui^ NfL"jJow l'> ^ f ItiL^ul]}*- furvKd dcpic:»iLon lalht Rcxky MounUinTicKh The prini:^r>"^'£y lt H^miui: fori [ll^ 
^il t El pn^boMy I hi: iruL'nniLcnl cnxklhLii f]iVA"> inlo LIil' mic fnun Llii: non h'^ol . d pcr^nniii] 4.iUL'k ntiwi ouL of 
Llic ">]!{: [o 4 [ic »JLi£ hc4ri \ B-u\\xi\i\D!^*¥:d^ciCik\zx b\i\.bin\mii) m\^^v{K' ni^iliL"^ u [ij Lir^c pjd ion iif 4 [le (:i:nti:r of 
Ll] ■"> dcpfL'^ioii jod is ringed byd tiggor'mcxi'iif dccpi^rwLiccrdoniiiiLiccJ byjhiig biirk^teLjtalKdgL'IBdiiJj 
^ bod Likit-^a^tiD.'^ ■! HL u iLictii ^h nh coairnun J y Thtscc l'> ittc^ u I jrl> sk jf>al. wjl [i "tirms" i:ncftdi[L£ t]W4iy fnmi [ [ic 
ci^ntLT Ohl' L^4 [lchc 4ims vyki^k l'> in sIl^ hLly^tilkin^'cr woli^r Limn I hi: hiig biirh ' mcxic '. ls do nil n Lie cJ by £ilbd 
tikJerlALnu'^^LnuLl^Ls^p vmdis} 4.Lunnu nily i^ h iJi: 4 [ic u her ainv> oju ciiVtdi^ribLy Jtilt tiul domji Jlc^l h^'Llic 
c\cK Lc s r;iw> rLi3Li:f> C ^gnslis Kliifc^n 1 1 L"J:L^ ^d cc her hi L^y "^[xtJL^ T hL-r: is ti \nij|] ciwinKjn sfik<: ju-^h ( EJL^ichjrw 
puluH ns) coniniui]jl> Ji [ he c'[L4iDi]L'L ■L'ur [ he ouLJd (^hze^Il T he upJL^nd't lE^ior [ he "kdc aici^'d tm raJ eedi^lThi^ 
p\\uiiAk} fomt 

Key ^ "^ I p:o n tc emt^ l Fi c tqkb 

Thxi h>'d[iiki^ L^nd gcoEnorptioki^yjre [iciitubly [he twodoninuri fticLcHs^rvdnjing pLjri conimniiJLCsd thtfltc 
T [leie LJiL' HtiffK oLI hcuvnn. hewed 4 rccs d Ihesue. bui fti>dtiMijnd noLHTTenl bc4i¥er uct jv j y _ s:) wlijle Ixuvert [n^iy 
htive thMn linpiHljnL inltie [ttd .[ hey tire no Longer pre^^ri Spniee sftjg'^ ^md y'ou n^ onn ifer ir^eiE^mtxi* in [he 
i^dtind ind ic^t jh DfiiLii in^ l]]gh tud Im^wLier Levels (pLHiibly^tHMX^ulcd wilh bc4i^'e^^) J hci DXJjnpLe "^mv^ hciw 
hydiDkif^ c^ii de4enn]ie 4 [le [ueri ual ve^cJ Jtiu* eonnini] il y 

Na nire pLinls aic known fnn tht&dc 

OtIEI V^LlF^ 



Cd':d]7X]n 

Nocnneri Lind u'^:^ ^"ere evideni dinig Llie sjle VLtir SevmJ r^ Lhe dner. LrrL^^ u ItirJy "^htipi^d "4iniL'^' iif [ h ls 

i^d tind aie doni]ftiied b}'[hee\c4LegiL£^redLiip^jnds[:ve[uUxherexn4Ksc:ccur]i[l]econinii]i]J>.Lneludin£ 

Ljiixc[i> LPhlenin pry ensej , o:^e>e da£i> LCliiy^iri [lemnn lene^iJil hemnin h hnlJ Lhid Le (Cjrjiin v u IgL^re^ whie clu^'a~ 

(Tnfbljiniepen'^^^^iiid bi^Kk niedK. ^ Med icjgo Lu pu bhi) 

UpLhHDS 

Thtad^cenl 4 Lie ] jnd't jr: nuihi^ed for L]nlxr pfrLdniiT ion. 

Ihfpeii ntmnNeips 

A livdiu^eolugE "^ndv l^ needed fori LiLf and 4idjLi:enL weLLind*^ [o thHI er nndecdand ^[iivHlwLier fkjwpiilis uhI 
tii|iifer kial Lon*^ InL^JdiLJiia fu n her » udy iif [ he hndus: LiLdiiiy d leedDd for I hci see Lo nndeiAund \^y 
c\it Ks domjftjle HoiThL: of [ he eoninin n iLil:±l 



Mi^ htii:nh>TWE En5 

TLie rrdLiTp eimmnniLv hLtsrepli^ed wliLicever uliiiLd eommnnjl y u'^'d Lo be Lliere. loid i^onigLliei 

L'f (fesirjbLe hnL bL^^tiwl [ he "^zx^fE of eirr^nl R:4iHiiioii nidluxJ^ 



ijvecominiiiy 



EiT^i rvyOrcL reim i h lo n^i \T[(j^ 



ALn u*^ ^ indb »in ^Ln ulj^l sh ru bLiAd 


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Cijrex bv^hfcu ni la herfuhc e^^us ^ e^eiLl ion 


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G5 


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1^3 



49 anilh Lake WateribiAl ftDduction Aiea 

Lnc \ I K>^ 

Sinih Lake ^Jtt rf owl Fmj ucl ua A r: j is ioctlcd oa Aslilty C rrck 7 nili"^ ^u«l [iwcfl orKulL^LI MonUnt] 

Kiel's E3& 

TbES bkt iind nanli (x:cLi[i> ugLicEiJIy hcou red dcpic^Hhion in I hi: ^'>l]]L'y C rE^L'k vljLIl'> Aitkkv Cictk hm [l L'mflJL:4> 
ihLo^lmI n^hi'SL^I orSnill] UiIj: Ovtri^iul llcin^'^fn^m ^'>l]Ji:y C cnrl: ukJ Snill] LjIll' dL^min^ l' 4 [ic [L>'d ciil:)^ > ^ikc 
?Ucii'>j^ L' nLiiHliJjnds 4 h^ htivc fnnnE^d ouch? rnL^r^iniiid~hiil[Llhi:4.R:L'k4ind tilj.' Ttis: ^h^ Jkin^cr lu^K^rui iif 4 [ic [n:3[^k 
tifon nd 4 [ic olgfN 4|r: ui^'L'rcd wih i^^Ll^omvi^ "ddnds of nx^d canLir^'^rsK 4 PtmLinii dniod intic^d^ whiLc f cocnalLy I ht 
mrvsfz inunddol f:tifl'> of I hL' nmsh jr: (^cn'L'nzd by t] conipk'^ JOdlTix of J Jiffcn^ru pfeiJil cimaiunilK^K bc4ikaJ nod^c 
(Ctur;^ m ncu Iti^t c^ml LT> [iha Li I foLiJJ^ 4ind biir^Hcn hi]Jn]'>l] ^ £ciqn]'> tiL uLi]'>> Aqudu. pluoi 'tfKCK'> IjI:l' 
"^^ tr '>injn'^ccd 4?Ql>£Gaa[n dmplijbiLiai^ grjK- kuvcJ fx^nd'^ccd 4 PiU^UDJ^d on £[urn]ii:usy (^cunni^n bLiddi^rwon 
C LN nc u I^CEL V LiL^tinst duckweed L Lcnoa ninorj jnd livcTwod^ L f^iccuj "q? j (X4. u r inulL ^ umnu n it jcs. T hen: jre d 
fewscdcciud puchcN of GL'bb^, Dnnmond's. jnd □l'>ci''> "^ lI lowy ocLir Ash !■:> CiL^ck^lm na cnongli co iL'^ly fom 
"^ Llk>w (^oinnu iiy per HC Snich [^kc pn^fErsvpfHifls lj hr^e woli^r IjI> L NipLir np ) n^mmu n iI y. jnd ni^ likcl> Htmt 
aher^iLiiJccorniniiEic^. bi>wevcr LIil'^'^ci? na v l^ i^d. ^lL cor:'> LL^kcn in Ike [n.\l c^uiLiry^rtHfi dnd ^.tictiiL 
conaiu n il ils [eyc4i]cd Jeep (> I m) iifg jaic horuufts pfolubLy miukjig fnun Llii: L^bu od^Liil primjcy pruj 114:1 iv ly iifl en 
tiHKX^iiied Vrilk mjr^ke4> ( Nf LlHck Ljod Gcit-TtcLink L^^ J^ 4is w el] lis Liru-'ciititL Londjl lon*^ indiLLlal b> Ihek^'drogen 
Ku Ifide Lidor of ^unc of Llie deepcrid]! coreiL T he uploads jne doaiini^eJ by second- giowi h E3ougLb- 1 ir iFifuedususti 

Kf^ E^^ HONIEENT^I FlCTOK?! 

G kiL uL SLCiO] rin^ iif [ he dcpfes^KU] in 4 ke^ viilley jnd 4 ke kyxJRili^^Le r^gjne d nven b> wUerkveKin ^^kky Cr^ek 
limI Snill] E-4ike Lire hm h d riviiig Edc1oc>Ll]Lic bJv'e slipped cliis sil e dnd conl laue co greJ ly iiflneEU-e i !■ 
luMekh] erestLia f[im I he iptuids hLis been sk:n^ Ly filling in Ihe vdlJey rrukingcke nuEshes sh^kiwer cn'er Unc 

T kis sjLe dix's ftiH snpp^^iny koowi rik pboi oceineKcs. bul J dncsconlJinsi^vecul kirge. (.omnim mjisk 
cimniunilies jfttludji^ hLiidslem buLrusk.LLilJil.dnd heuked si^dge comrnuiiJl les. The^' e^ceosive m jrsk coEnrnni] J les 
kmn Li rnci«i:^ic ^od pjovidegixh] ^jkJLiJ^ hLibcJ 

Otiii V^L^FJ^ 

Sinih E-jkeLud ils'^TRivHliEL^injnihcs provide "^^rneinpi^daiil "^dtiAd liKLnifts^ELd HCR'Ees The lut sJ u^y ed 
Lik^n^ Ashk'> Creeks Lind Jiring pi^Lik Hii^'s of Lke c crck J ke "^d tuid cenfucurily »ores su cfLiiLe WLicer 4ifid ^leiiiiLics 
pcdk nivA's. Tkis w^ er giLid«ii]ly d r^uKS I [im I ke Hcc LJftd mm nlLiin'^ h r: jailkin^ Lier in [ he "^u miner Tke aiLunk and 
Ijke pciitublv a}»j I Li[u.1iLia lu rtidin [^uIjl u iLices Lind lenxive and sa|ie^er impml ed elenieris jnd ^.omjx^nds such lis 
phci^phonjs jnd lERigenconipiivftds. BecLiisech^: u pbods ]■ Lke wJeiyked }mv<: hi^en laipuLLed h}' cixid tnikl inland 
Umber kjrL-e^ . 4 hesc Liter fu ncl Lon:£ cou Id be LneiKbiog kcyond I km Linral noige of v^ina ion ( ]^ dueco 
iBcre^thed sedinznl Inuds ]■ Lke creeki. 

Co ^ n iTV} N 

FiskiEL^and waeifcin^ L hiri lo^ L^re prokubly [v-xu^4 he pnnaiy ises of Smi h Lake Ther^aie mnH iple lkcc»> pcints 
Fbf ku oieis aking Lke nxLJS h LiHlLkereciL^eJe^vk^ped llshing access Pjn'^iif eke miiEsh supjx^ ing recJ 
cdnaiygiLtHS kLive Ixen dished aul Lke leed 4.Lin^LJ^ ^ ^;l^^ e^ 4.ij| k^rh^LV. k dcx^A^ seen Jike [ he d ikkc?i k jv<: Ixen 
veiy suecefisfn] Li dnjiriLn^ Ikesile.andLkey pioboMy doni pnse lk gie^y li Lkirol co 4 ke ske li^ 4 ke reeJ 
cdnan'giLiHS decs Akkongk a cwo-Line nxid eio:?tes 4 ke aiLiisk aiul AskLey Creek J [ he soni hwe4 end Jl piobtjUy 
dcx^sA^ pfCTri^nl LkLic gre^y ol L^kydiologjc turnermneelhe^.KekconnecLseimEnuniliesoaly^h'^idesiif [he rojd. 
Tke "^d kind eomnLinkjes 4 keins[:]veN 4ki*^ conLLJLn nany e:^n4 ks^ w J k I he e^eej^ k7i of leed 4. joaiy^ r^tss Tkis ccxov 
^Ris> which TmiLS ni^ncx:!]! Liresia seLHi^naJly fkx>Hed mjrskesaMl lens kLh heea Lrroled 4is hm k j niic ive and 
eiiH Le spxjes Piifvty uos Ji Njd k A merKJ nay hi: ^.L^mpiisi^d of bu h uljve geni^ yp.'s jnd Eirof:c4in enH iv^oy 
C Ni:Ti£ luno jnd Le^icL] I99S) ConLiol of [ h ls sp:4. les d djffLcu k 4ind e^p^osive L ApfeLb^nn jnd Eausi ]^'&7) 

Tke Smuh Ljke viJLey hnds s«nimnd Ln^ 4 kis sUe are iscd in wu>?i 4 > pkMi1 of k:n^-e1evi1 Lon viiHeys in I he ^ Je. 
A^rjLnJl ire. ^ [u/in£ . and Rinckes Lue coninuui L^nd mw. h of [ he LxeeshibLe Ljnbi[:r hLic^ heen kLiCL e-led Lind isnow 
■second giowtk fofen Me«d of I he utive npunai limI "^d kind pkiH commnnjl ks have been Ljkered in I he pfrice»s 
limI nuLnenl kuding Ln ^^hle}' C R:ek is li eon4.en ^H kouf k I hen: e^ n^x j Jiveisil y of pLinL Lomnnnn les in I he 
Smih Lake ^ Jlerfow I Fiulndun Ar^a L he skeer sue uf [ h ls w elLind nakei vaLnabLe ncc4ni> ah wjkJLife habcLi 

159 



Eud oph^i npocr bBt Eikc for tbt w« l^od ^ nkcnig uftd "^^ tr^oEUf c Fiftdxifts. whElioff^n^unrorLlit ]nEEict5 
Ficin dcvi^lnpintnt. A giDwing [ h na d '>i]hd]VEiiru] of [ he ^tri«hIi[L£ Linds, wh icti hnngs fnj^ncri^y ua uul 
mcrf^thfd ■ricKiil k:ad^fru[nscfljcs}'»cvvi 

Ma hr a g km ent Nllds 



Eleh entOccl kee^ e£ ]\n] eu ^tk^^ 



FkaleiB BfikdioDccu htrtuccoiui vcgctx ids 


G5 


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Coirx lodida bcibocD^E v^ddna 


G5 


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Ekocl]Eift& fioludns bcftac«]Ei vr^ddtnn 


G5 


S5 




SriTpE BCri B& kcltlBC«)UE ^'CgftdLOn 


G5 


S5 




T> pha LJ LFoLia hcrlxKcou^ vc^ndiaa 


G5 


£5 





im 



50 Squeezer Meadovs 

Laic \ i K>^ 

Squeezer Mcudcin^Ti IS J ix^lcd inltie S^im VulLey of non h'^d N^rmldnt]. la I he £q uct7i:r Ccrek d rLUhi^c 

Kiel's E3& 

SquKEcr Mcud^in^ isti'^'FKSol s I aL:EiJI>- formal fxl holc^ kxidccd rm 4 [ic S^vim VulLcy Rcx^r Thi: Jl:pR:'^ttL■[l^ drr 
Lofr:^ rtipliictilLy c lffl»cd vy\L]\ ao JikJs or millds. TfcL" wacr sju ftl" for Llicw piiliolL"^ is nK cLcjr- »i> "^prinss iw 
"^L'ptj^c mms wi:rL' obsi: jvnl d u rin^ n> sjlc vl^iI SnlgE^ m?4idc:n^?i doinin J ■: 4iJI LIil' p^ hiks but oelc ^hich hidsBa 
tiqutic cornmiiiy Ttic [CTiindLTol I hi: scdg? mci^iv^'s ls doaiiiLiiL'^J by oaL' or etiok uursi: salgt cornmiiJl lcs ]ikt 
infilled »=dgL' I C4ii?\ vcstLLiT^i IhsiIll'^ ho^J^^z ( Ctirc;^ hI ncu Itiui r^r L^wacd salgL' (CdR::^ ^ hi^ruJcs? Th ls [ETiindLT 
Lsofli:!]^ t] "digh Ly kiwi:r [^LcvijtKi* LliL^n ItiL'^jJci^nL h^'d tmd (.L^innu ailJL"^ tiod nfcci htsi 44iDdji]g h^^i:r ThL' 
»:dgt nir4id cinq's 4IR: dual in LI cJ bysLzulLT'Q.'d^^zLOinnunLtJL"^ "^ h lcL fom j Ijr^c cijxjn'v in CLirh dcfirc^Kion. Tli? 
lolkin^ inf sfKCLCs tiTL' ft]irl> coQ^tuu 4i^?9x uJcs. rnjr^ti cinq ucfcnl LCcnnjnirii pjli]4 iL'J. wlilt sauorl w«:d ^ Polvgonnin 
tiMifitiLbLU mi t]ftd \xj^ tT« kbi^u] C Nf L'nyjri [lcs LnfuLiLicuJ. C^l' i^ I hL' slcftdLT scd^c aiffiETiu n iI k^^ 
in pfeki^s ^h dcx:^ ti mud sal gL' 4 IT JIT :^ LiimviJ? com rnujiJl ^ I h jl (X-c u rs lih lj svlUI jxich in ^l dszpf^'Shion inlhL'niddk 
oF on? of I hL' sIchIlt HJ.'d^c: niL\b]L^\ On^ ol LIil' n\:L=pJohi's hLis li liLinbi^n huJ njsli ^ E<.jipus oc uL usHommiiiy la li 
"^Ijgh dL'prL"^Ki* "^u rronndcd b}"^lL'[Ld{:rsL'dgL' commnn J > Thb hvlnsk conmu n il y htisti l^r^t si^dgi: oi^mjxMn^ru lalhi: 
undcpdiH^' il 's ]>n<-?>jtTt [liLiJS 4 [ic buLnisticommiiJl) flJti ji'mIIi pcLi 'Q.'d^cs arc colon i/in^ 4 [ic pi^Liand wiLL 
ci'L'nLiJL^Lly dominLiccLlii^giound tiVLTtiftd fx^3>jt)l) lupth.^: L he hn Iru^ LLunnLimly. On d sIl^ hL ns: in d 4.c:aj pk' of 
dcfTfOiSLon'^ giUL'n scdgi: LC^[?^ ivdcni b 4 [ic domin joi spccLcs. w J [i l]]gh cov L'njgt iif sLcftdLT HoH^ 
'K'JIcnrd "f pniCLM [iLS 4.omniLiiEy 4 > [E ha^iM'i h:ci d^zsc rih^d ]■ Monmoj. SamlL pjlctics ol c^iilajl LT> pba Li iFoLial^ 
"^^ Dr lioTEdaiL LEq u L'^'t u m fluv uJ lIl'j^ and hiig bu^h/bi^ukcd salgt IBdnJ j ^Lind ukvuVUajri uLTicuLJa^commiiiich 
CC4. u r Ji Llic mmdu^'s tis i^'cIL Ttic Lone tiL^uai e comnLiaLly L'^4kmLnLial b> iviicr sm^ul wtcd oa I hL' woli^r su rfa[:i: 
"^ [llIc I hL' piifld buLom Lsu>^'L'R:d wihltii^aJgJcCbiirLisp Ttic u pltiads jcl' 4kmLndcd b> w«?in Lorcti L Lim:^ 
■rcc idi^oitilLS) L^od kidgL']y)li:|Tiai:CPLnus4.onLi>ilJj^ w}ijkEthpi:n4Piif«lLisln:mnk>id[:s^ blsLk (^nJloa^txid ( Popn Ins 
bub^uTiLfi^rLi s^p LnctLOCLAcp^)^ » rcioinb^iil: "^ Llk>i^' C ^Jiis inc^ou^ Bchb^ wjIIjw C S jLix hzhbijntij L^nd jIdLT- Ic^vliH 
bucb [Lcn C R htiMiau^ uLn ifoluj arc comnxn on Ltie edge of I [le wctlunds. 

Key Bj "^ Eto n w ewt^l Fictqi:?! 

HydiDlagy dnv^ the dnctlic tud cunpLZiitiu* ol Llic wa Laod cummnn J les d Lhcia^'JCK 

RhEIT^ 

One [ur: pLoU . [kxJ^cu^ C ^liL'uchy^nj pLiln4 rist nceiis oa lj ficxi ing ntl ]■ one oF Llii: di:prL"?>UKS. Thci 

circu mlx^KjL sfECLCs nccniy in b^ h pix^rand ticL fcKS (C htiJd d d al L^^j in M^^nitihi The mnds»lgL'4.omniiity 

Vrh^ir fxid^ rjss c:cc u IMS tib:) rioMi MonUnLJ 

Qti>e Vm I ]j; 

A iviJLo^ of Htme kind wxi iitihCTFed Lncwcofche mmdows. Bni^nsc 4 hoiC nxxlah^'s tirr itbcut 2 ciiLes fconan DfKi 

nud . K^ likeJy LliLic 4 [ley and [ he "^TRivHlin^ npijnd'f pfovidc good habcd for fune w]kJ Life 

Co M n ]7X] M 

Nolinnun tindnscs iif [ he i^d LjhIs i^ere ev ideil during n> sjlevL^d G^neiaLly , I he neadoh^'s i^eir draninalcd by 
nd Lve "ipxjcs wi h »i> e\iK lcs. ThL" inly L'-u-L^pKin ls [ he (:c4. u rrL^ncL" iif reed C4intirygnHi Ji Lwtuif [ he mL^m^^^One 
mcadcn^ hjs j u< a [ ure of rccd l:^llJ^>^^J-^ 1^ h lie 4 he a her nie4idc:n^ liLi^he^ivy r^ed caAiir>^n« ccn'ccu^c under a 
fnige erf akler^ nciar [ [ic mc^mv'sedge T h I't inv^isive £qi^ [k:»s> ti I lirrjl co 4 tie mokfcn^'s where lI ixenc> because 
il ejn sffi^ £Lid fLHm defesc moncicik u res whEl] ^ire d ifl irik U> eoni Ril L Apfelluu nund £avvi I1^S7|. 

Upi h "s n b 

Loi^in^ hiKoeenrred up 4o I he edge nf a few of the deprewtiDB^^ wtf h nair lof^tn^ dnd iriwf bnjkj in^ in I he 

"^urronndjig uplands 

iHFPua ntiomNeeps 

K-lore in FunnJ Kw on 4 [le W4ier vmiee for I he [kx [loLcs is ne^zded 

M 1 f ^ G EH EMT We e as 

An> fu£ u r: [ iKibLT liarL-e^ ajou nd 4 [le (TepiczHiLons stupid empk>}"4 redmstJe mahi^cneri /^mebnFfers. Nfiifliorin^ itf 
Llie leed ctiftiiT>^us popnLJ LonK El needed 4o deteimine lI Llie grKi is spieiid]ng , and hi>w fL£l. 



ElemfwtOtcl p: ■ t^ r t T^ to rh ^TPO^f 



Cait^ ^L-n :i .11 |X 1 IJ |tl.^ Jl^II-x '. Ojj i:L.-C KM! 


G5 


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Cair^ linuxi.1 hL^rfuh. li^us v^zgcltE Lc^n 


Gj 


SJ 




Cair^ nvdrjcLi hcrhoLL'^^uii vl^cI J ua 


G5 


S5 




CaiEX iitlitciiJcs [iCTt^lLa^US Vl'^^JIKI* 


G5 


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Cair^ VL^ic^LriLi hi:rtu:cm]'> vcgflLi icm 


G5 


S5 




SclicK \\£cnii pulu^ n:£ 


G5 


s: 





1G2 



^1 Upper We4 Rirk l^zy C i^ek 

Tbi^sitEMSd I hL' [ll:^ wj1l'c> nf Wd Fori La/> Crc^k mchc S4 LllwLJCcr V4i]kv in uiitli^'CHcrn Nft^Qiuftj 



Rece'si 



Locdcd ]i] [lie Rue ky MuLiruma T r^nch . [ hcsi: [ h r^i: fcKS fum I hi: hci^ WLiiL'c> ol Wed ForkLa/> CfL'ck T1]i:>'r: fonncd 
in gttuL piK lu^Lcs ^ il fc sjmL" L"v idcKC of i>Jd bcavi^r ticLjviy T lie T^-^Ji lt h^^jtl" for I Iil" fL^ns & jtxh litcJy 
f ni«ftdwLiCLT tm ilson^ii] Ls LiKlcur. T he brgL"4 Lii LS4kmLnt1cd b> j skndLT "^rJ^L' ^ Cai^i ItSiLcx'dr^? 
conaiu n il y^ wl] ich Lid jpcd dL'pili of 5{>Lin where j hojI cocl' wl£i lulj-^a A bc4ikc^ n^f c (€t]rc\ nl ncu iLictii Ljgg or 
' aici^l " Hvmiu ndM hi: foTTHLT cimaiu n il y ^ruLiod I hL' iivlcr L'd^c ol Ihi^fL^n Ji LIil' diuwdown ;aU]i: is ti bluL^joinl 
rL'i.'d^ rjc^ C CaJjniLi^ did Ls 4.L^n^L'ruiL'>? cornmii J > . wh^h i n spixs [u^ hi^L^n rrpLKcJ by j rL'dcop 4 A^ rui l'> ^oloi]]fL'[;i3 
cimaiu n il y. pi^rLi]^ £t^ Li re^i]]| oTmivk [^l4 didurtunci: Onc^mjLI pLcL la I hL' fen Iilsi j WLicr [locmH jlU Eqnisd in 
riiiv l:1 Lkj cimETiu n il y inltic Ennd fLi'> ^u mnjndjig LIil' jxio] Wh]li: [ h l^ f[^n 4kiL"^'l h^vL^an in la il dos> htivi: 4iD 
oucid f[un whicti wJcrf]iVA">dowaLo[hiz».'CL^d fi:n ThL'>p:xholL'isdL»rni[LJL'd h}' bcdkcd'^^ct^omnLinLly Lind Iilch 
"vJI tKd akJcr^ A li]i]'> ^p i gn^w ing ajou nd I hL' amrgjn'K TIilM hinl I l^h d(^'>i]'4 }il^v<:^li iJiJclorouclcl ^d r. 
dorn]ftiiL'd pnmjnLy b}' t] bcilLL'd HJ-iH^ccimniunily.jhbiivghLliL'rL'dr^^niLiLI [U^.hcs'MLl] [ll^ h 4.o>vr of Sjrt w<:JI^ 
Ecdgt ICuici ^aflwi:LI]iJ tud "f li^odcrscdg? Mos^ comply L'Ly cm'i:c> tliL' giou nd Livi^r^ dnd d kjlI coic reveled ei 
pcdl dc]1 h of ] ^lO: ni Tli^ u pbnd^ Ji LIil' ^mi utl' grjkd rLr^lx4id]]l> L Abi^s ^imulis^liruon l^ i]i]]fk>iij> fiifCH 
fxxliL^lcs w Lll] ^miL' L'MdcftLC ol K^ bcj¥cr^t]VE> Tl][^ wucr Mjunrc L'laiud LiL:Ly giunndwUcr buL usorjgiais 
unckuT UfiLoMl L'> abjDN ^rjnd L^ brioiEi u n I RorLi fofCH 



Key ^VHONtEENT^I F^CTOKS 

Ttic f amjq^okigy^ h^'diokigy^ jnd pj>J bKMV'cr aa ivjl > Imvc inLL^cuacJ Lo h nuH irc I hi: ptiJil cunEnu n il k!s in 4 
fens. 



TtiLS sUl' liai u pcfH lit Kni of adder's Lou gut. a rarr [itiii ]■ Montuoo. It occu c cm u EEmil. iDosy jdchhI^ wiuch w^ 
pi^bly ti rnimild or bmvtr kxigt 4it one [ imt. 

Otiei Values 



Cd\D]7X]N 

Ttieic turno cvidL'iil (.■rrenl hnduKsti IhciStc KtnLucky bliD^ rLiu> ( Fc:u piLii n]'>ist CjnLxfa [ h l4 k fC irsLU m 

tm'tQszi i^LiH ctiftiir>^ rj^^ C Ph^djny 4mind LntiLcaMre ^P^L]I> didntmcd in [he pdelics iif rcdLop 4 h J cccnrin 
Llicmji^Ln^ iif [ he lj[gL"4 fL^n in I hi: Mu^zjiiiqi r«:dgi;iHS conimnnjl y ThL"^: l^ux ics hLivc "^igiijficLinl Ly Ji:^niJi^H I Lb 
cimETiu n II y. 

E\£CKSJ^vLjnbi^rhjrrs:4 hLts cct-iirr^d inltic npLikds "^TRivHlinf Ihci^k? ^X lu^uf li li huffi:r id" incut [ rm ^v^e 
kS LiTL^und [ h? "^d LiMls E bnui t^k^^'^h^ E^ffKt LliE^kiggin^'^LlJ hLiVEMmtliL'liydiokiigy ofchcMc. 

H y^d nigL^jk^ ic rf ud > is needed for Lliis general jcra to ddL"niiiiiLMhL"wilers:jurTC fortius und cihcr iL^iiity 
i^d Lii]d'>. A 4 [iO[ii«gh Rorvljc invLiikHy conducTcJ cdKy in I hL' s«nnicr Ls jLho ni:L'di:J 

K4 1 "S ^ G EkI EhT Mll[>s 



El iw entOccl rii^ rr ]\ra au ^tk^ 



PjLca *.fi''nj u isil u nun sZiiSL" Tm^ 


G4 


S3 




CLikivLLgiTiM ts c^LnL'PikKSb liL'rtur^zoiUi vcgctaiDi 


G4Q 


^ 




C\:\rc\ LL^ii^-Lirfxi hLNtucnras vcgctd ID! 


G5 


£5 




Cj\rc\ ri-hJriLi hcrlx<L^Ju*i vc^dsi un 


G5 


S5 




Ij^ui^tum fli^LUilc hcdxiCL'ciQ^ vc^d^Knn 


G5 


S5 




Oph lo^ ki^suin puMlluni 


G5 


S2 





1G3 



52 Van Lake 

Laic \ i K^^ 

Vun LdilLf IS Inc^ cd inlhL'S'^'ai VaJky of ood [lwl"4 MonUnu^db^^uL [5 miLcs houI h ol LliLMiv^'n of SwL^n Ltikc. 

Reci^ess 



Veu] Ld^ is ti glLf eiJI> Fomcd pLcliok' IjL: fed byjn iQicnniL^oi IrcioMi. bui wjlh no surftKL' ^Ucriivl Lc4 li 
pn^4.'n[ WLiCLT Lc^ els. ThL' s«nou nd liig upiLnd fnfL^?! LS4kmLndcd b> i^xzhcih crd D:4ljrybc4id ljl> LTtiLijt] 
pljc^i^L/C Li Jik^ij ■■ifh^u^LJid Hffuc'L'/lh.'^HllLly CPLCL"Jsp-'U]iruoniL^iJiijniirjjuinriiunilK!s. AltiLn frin^^ol {^\L'hcf 
bcjk«J hjxJ]^c (Ctirc;^ III ncu ltiu> cnrniniiaiy iH ^L^ftdLT hj^H^c ( Ctifi:;^ liKiccjquj ainaiu n il y (^ picliL's jroLioJ 

Llic L'^J^^: of Vm UiIll' TtLChc si^usliiu JL> flncdL'^J ^LilkvA' ai^ifsli 4.oinnLiaLl]cs hcH [i Iil^vc a l4urly Lai^i: CusLck's SL'd^c 
(Ctir?;^ cuMckiL) cxmifx^ncru Tticiu is aisj l^ Lir^c ^kndcrscd^c mc^iikvA' in iivlHtiaJiEi^ cond lIki* LIili bjs d<:^ L'LoprJ 
tifonnd 4 [k: inLL^miLI l'hL in let 4. r^L'k TtLcofEU wJ lt o^ Vtm Ltikc LS4kmLnt1cd b> \i\\ i^xItasLyc jL^al lk[u^ k. Ixd 
coffiETiu n il y^ wjl [i CbjiLi sp [ he dorn]KiiDL cypc ol LiL^tu^. T hen: jre [kzl^v > mjK or c^ lum C4iTbLi[i£ii e depL^iIs oa Lhe 
Ijkc txxLom ChmiJ'^p "^^^Lic^ciy ctik]in csiitoiiLic^ 4ii]d iwer I lEne iLir^e dcpnsjis ljplx u rni^ b^lloin l£i rht 

til^aL'dje T here Lire jIvj bK^ds ol hj^td le^L^e^J jxMHl^'ecd ( E^xtiaKJ^elon ^l:cLl»s^ £ljhI [>alsol Li r^c- leaver) jmndwecd 
( PciL^aici^r^oa L^aipJjr^iusj^ wLjl h ixc'Liis m d eL'tK J wacr. T he pH uf 4 [u; "^^ er II Van Lal:iMs73 

Kit _B(j EtO N H EMT^ L Fl C TOKS 

Tbc hydnk]^ of Lbc bis dike k^ mviion rneflful i^tor 

ALHiongl] E here Lire fti> me pl^oi ixeinekLcs Lie VLjnL^ike I here ls a veiy small nceinence of l] spTuee/ied-ns]er 
dci^'^xxxj L FiLC^ s[i /CcFiBS seFKfa) eornmiiiy la rme coEier of 4 [le Liie Th ls foft^ned we4 LjhI cimEnu aily L^iftLomnaa 
in Nfon4£Li]Li 

Otiie Vmi>j; 

Ciayf mk ^eie obKer^'cd la the^^teo^iiveCbiirahp bols. € ham "^ vrvH tmjinitmf fu net ton^ in aq usi ^ 
eoffiETiu n il jes. JL eLja lie qnjle LrnpoilLJEiE la mjiiildii]]!]^ wJ er q ualiLv aid keeping woler b<:d les f n^En trecimhri^ 
eriropliiL Tcx^plLintion isf C htin sp. trcd*^ 4is co^'er. dnd 4 Key feed on pfc^loplaibon fRm I hb cover IhisredncLng 
Llie ^Uer body's LiLfal conEeEU jnd laiprox in^ WLiccr 4.ijE¥y 4 ^lieffer li^j 

CD\n]TX]N 

Ai irfOrL^nL HskiEL^ IS tlie injji^ isr of E h Ls lake. T here b LJ liLle be iif 4 E;is}i ori I lie IjIl^^ ljhI Lliere hjs 

been sone d l4 irbuaee li> t lie Liquai i: b:xl cimniu aily where p::opJe|Tii4 1 heir bixis En 4 tie wJer There e^jsai^ilt 
L]nou Ei£ of CuftjdL] Lliid Le iCjruin LifL-en*? h En 4 [le sLeKJ er ned^e cimaiiJii il y^ b«l Lie 4 [lls pjiEU E4kvsru'4 puhf d 
LlireLic 4o IheeornmiiEy iriegTily. 

Ttieie air u ■■nb:r nf dcipzr^'d caniphUes ljeuvhI Van Lal^LMhii^d he4n'y us:: d u fiel^ I he suaimer GLirlx^eaMl humua 
"^"ad e d LSfxiKil Lire recirn n^ pfi^hlenLS Ljnd I here £Lfe ncveriL iji^e of>::ijag^ ji Llie Jif^iridn vegetLl Eon 4 h:y h^ve 
Elcvelop.'d CHE he kikeshife J nmi reciUJlKiul us::. Tliew Llinrdls aiu na veiy tif^eLl jMi:s::nUb«l sjKcLhEiljke 
dcKS liLive a Eiud 4o Jl Lind js reLic^^nably LEceKtibLc^ ine eLjn be ei^jx'cl ed 4o jh. reL£c ]n 4idd]l Eon . e here is leeeH 
timber Imn'cd neurt]> ^ aJl [lou^lmibdanl cd bu rfe& weir 3efi aiovkd Llie Lil^f 

Klon ilonng of reciT^ KHiLiL iriifxcLs ou liilLestioEi' ve^el J Km is needed . £ts Ls a ^ndy Eo M^ bke's 

hydrobf^ Liud deterniEne whalLliepnmjry j^ihSdiie fuf WLiier eo kL^ve Llie Like 

Ml'<^GEHr^TWEEE>^ 

Srvmz W4ier btJiH aie needed ruiEhe budl> eEiidiu^ ni^id leadjig dc:n^ u li> Llie LilLestioEr 4d ledvce Llie Ljuicm nL of "^ Enieni 
dumpiig Ent^Ehe l^ke. 

Eliu entOccl til's CI ]\ra au \TUi:\ 



Gavu ini nier 


G5 


£ls:b. 


Pjcea sri-'a^rji us ^okmfeRi fracrf 


G.I 


£jS4 


CLire^ ktsKXLUTO hertueecms >eeelLi ion 


G5 


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Coicx iQdida iicifaace{m\ ^ eDLiLiK^ 


G5 


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G5 ! S5 



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53 W3lfCiBek9ough 

|j]c \ I K>^ 

Wolf CKi:k £ Irmgl] (x:cLic> tikjEL^ I hD S^^^ii R]vi:r "Q^vcual miLcs c^ ofBij^fLHlL MonUnt] NOTE: Thci is u pnvLi? "^d tmd , 

tud l^odowii^r [xmL-^m] l^ ifixJcd co 4ic4.i:^ 4 [lls sec 

Kiel's ESS 

Wolf Cicf k £ buf h El div tiK nn^y oF CEncrgtnl aqutic tind focr^L'd wetland cx^m miiJl lcs kictlcd ^m I hi: nixidptiji 
orLl]i:Sw4iD Rivlt Tin: tui'kwLiccr slongli and okl i>:^lx>^ ^ Lliis Ml l' hvi Jiv ltq: n>vniL' ntirQi {.CMnniiiE ics ukdLlic 
cri rjncL' 4o I ht stiu^tiJELd Ihi^nvLTbcd lijvc "^clI-di^yckifEd aquljc irfeuil cimniu n il k!s. On 4 [ic h if h« Menace ai 
Llicsjic L^ 4i (.i^loa^txiJ dorn]ftiiL'<J forc^ Tliis foru^ ^ wliic h rL'prc^nls 4 [ic bLic k 4.aiii*wncd^tKiwtTcrR' C Pc^pu lus 
butunifi^Ri ss[i [ ricbiictif]^Synp[LurKUF|His uLbuK) pLint u^ffitic iLic K^ Iilsi th.'ci ijnpjcial b> grj^ ing. TIil' m L'clury l^i 
donuftiicd h}' bLick4.aiii*wc>:id jnd ]xiftdL'nv^pLni:(FjiisfX)ndcrc«i:^)^as]>:riLPiifHluslr:riiuk^[:s^aMlspriJLL'LPiccL 
"tp h aisi> CKCur hi^rc. TlicJi^hi iKljit whKli s[:pL^rai cs 4 [ic knu^cd Li^rrjLL' fiuai [ [ic auorsk cimEnu n il y hasLliKL' 
cLiraacnd Lc 'f]KC]fv sncL'/^^'ccd C HcLciiLirn JuLiJinftjIi^J^ grccii s»lgD ICurcx OHltriJ^ jnd pfc^'SiHcgEi ^ Phy^id ff u 
pun'iflomi [ h Ls cimaiu n il y ls [cnpjrjnLy HixxIl'^I jnd influ^^nc^zd b> graving lix> ThL' pjn*^ iif [ hc^k^gli wihouL 
ycdr-n^u nd sudbcc ^vUcrcon nn:1 Hifts li> LliL' Sh^ jn R L>vr arc domiruy l'iI t>}' lj sk^nd^zr s^dgL' lCl^cl^k tihK^L^rju) niL'^xkiw 
\xi\Lg invLiHcJ by iL'cd (: jnan'giLtHS L PliLjLins anji]d]ftjci:ijj. Tlii: ic:h iif 4 he "^Imjgl] Lsdunindcd b> th.'ukcd si^dgi: 
(Cair^ urncu iLitiKcunnu nily la HkL^lki^iT arots aftd by bjrd^cn hulrusli ^ Ecirpns tx uLus> 4iiid Lomnm spjkimjsh 
C Efccchans ptiluH FLSJ co[nrnuiiJ( Lcs iJi dcL'fKf JTSK T h is ls an 4:sj>x'eUI> djvcrsc (xa. u m^ncL" iif [ he b^iikcd "fl-^ji^: 
aiffiETiu n il y^ w J [i tHKX^Eii ixl sfKCKS bciEL^ coairmi* spikcnsk^ 4i njsl] sf>:4. iL'N I Ji] icDd 

C4int]iygiL£^s>. s[:L£iidc anrin^^cu:^ CTTigkx h in ai:inl lain rn> "^"^y lt pLinL Jin 4 A lism^L pLin4agci-ti[LLJ k jj ^ucr [uj^n ip 
(£ lum sutii'L'^ f rj:?T- leaved ]x>ndw«:d ^ P^xtmici^doa giamLocisi snull bu n^ ecJ ( Sjxjcg jn lum mjiinum^andc^nzeping 
bu[LeH.upCK4inuncLiLu'^fljrnniiti? T [ic cu: b<:n^ . whK.1] LSdlxmL Klkifn^mche river ls su ppon't dn lafLy ed sedge 
(Care;^ vesieaiuj uinaiu n il y. Tliere El jL^) 4i [enfurinLy nixHled cornniiiiy 4 hai c:c4. u rs rm a cemjce bckv^ Lhc 
nfuimn foR!4 in one aj?j 4 hai isdomjuled hy a s»lge I piubuhly misideri ifial as Gni^hju m's "^rdge [Cajcx 
bu^ boinii ]j uftd Lijfced l]tiir^r^»^4l>r^l]Liaif:Kki4.espL£c:K^j. lhise(mirniiJl> Iilei few ciiH lcs lihI supp^ns d 
"^ell-deyckifEd [UfiLiLJLoniif [ufled hajigi^iHS. rjftjIJy.ltie^nLiciee^mirnijnJy ]n [ he "^ivgh eri unee Ei corn]X]hed uf 
"^^erliLy INufiblusp ^ W4iter horK^Jdil ( Equ l^z u ai flivty iLci gnoHS-kjved [uod weed ^ eeL- grsK fxiwl weed 
C PcijnKJfrton /<j*leri"omiisl FenneL-kL^vd [x^nd^^eed l Pii.LnK^gelon ^UeiformEiJ. cornn:p:^n hkxJdi^r^xjrt LUnt^itma 
vu Ig jfisj^ mniplenen tnr- reizd ( Sjxdrg^aLiJ ni evkzisu aiy. and CL^n^ sp The pH uf Llie skn^h "^aJ er ivijs 7-Z. a^d [ he 
c«dKt]vJ> iviis290iS/e[n 

Key BjvmhNtEFNT^i Fictoi:?! 

Ttie [L>'d[iiti£> of 4 [le SLie l]L£i dnven 4 [le fiif mjlKin of Llie pLinL 4.L^Kinu niUes ThisdyoaniE kinder nverine "^ em has 
eieai ed 4 ke [cnaLcs. oi^lx^w^ jnd tucbik^u^ h tiftd t]IL iif [ he cimaiu n iLks depend ii* Llie jn n ut]l flua u^ K^n*^ iif [ he 
nvcr FkxxlLnf jnd deprnil ua of f lies 4. reLces liL^bilLic for cc:tlii*wrxid reenjjl neri ^ [ he kigli wjler [Libk: alk:n^?i 
LicpC nfujian fonHs Lo fCPEri C Hjn-^^n et jk ]^^5} 

T^ieairnocure p[t]ri eoEnrnnnil ks or "^vces ar tliis ^c. 

Wiilf Cief k Slongl] reprr^enl^ d smalt ixeanrKC of Tipuriin enJIoiwixxl RifeTllhEi ]sreliit]vely i\\i\xi\ reLit]ve4ci 
neddny eutonwc>rd foiefl I hdt's iKen converted co 4if rKik u riI uic or fcug menLed hy koaie buildji^ The wetland 
"^jIL fu ncl Lon'f 4o I emjxnanly ^iifc "^Tfjce woler d u rin^ flrxxls and [ heiris a Ini of mEnric^:^ raphjc ^.ompkx J y 
Lliti f u ncl Lon*^ [o reniuve fxiflJcnLies Ljnd dESiipde energy "^ kei oveituak flow ixeiis. Fcuml he di^ nbuc ion of 
wcuck in [ he "^h nj bs Ljnd Irees-iy^-Jearchd flecd ing "djIL ixciis, Lliere Jie no kvees^ dnd 4 ke pLiwer geaen in^ 
dan Ji GjgforiE deosn'l btic k ip "^^ er I hEi far ufH re jai. T he coaaea ion 1x4 ween [he ri>?r and [ he flcxid pi Jin Ei 
'^]IL ^ [iiflg^ 4K ei']denced b}' Llie emergeoi vegettiion presi^nl in [ he old oi^bhi^w^ wliic h Ei jbcui lOOmfroailke nver 
TkLf welLind f^LLsintoche HG Nf "^l^ki^i bonded jLlnvijI fkx>d[itja L Hjner I99SJ 

Co K n ]TX] N 

Tkc coUoah^ixxl^nowbeTTy lore^J Lliescc Lseirrenll> gna/ed b}' koise^ I aipuLls tire "^4^1 ing [o he s[:en. such as 
huaimixkinf in Htivh: of Llie sIiljLIow ntir^ Li^ninu niLy L^nd di^niin^Lnce b> iftLieLnris such tEi hLiek huh^l kome LCn^^ u^ 
douf kEiLO "^ncin^ bi[:rr> . and Bcbb's wjlk:n^ [^\i\ h^httidnLij Tlie jxuideRV^ pine pbniLlLon i^miM presently ^ Ri/ed. 
Tkeie ls abt? j pjMniu u^'d forhtiy pruJ ucJ ua I hdl wjs prolubly a ^.i^loah^ixxl cimaiu n il y d oneliaie Ptidure 
2 ri^Ttes 4kmLnt1e [ he under^ory in 4 he fx^ndciTKJ pjie pfeinU hi*^ wliicl] Ei j hi^kLy dll ered 4.oninu nily. 1 n 4idd lIki*. 
reed canLiry^r^HS dunindes purl ol Llie IxiPLkskju^k. and [ here is some orjnge hawkwced (H leoicLLim amaH e^u m ? ji Llie 

165 



cdlon^'cod^no^ tEn> fbrcA B aLlbraflb^ a type of catfisi , wcic ski ii e [lc slcMgh j 
tkcSwmi River dhwi:l] 



pike SHE II [ilLS |Bft of 



TJH-^HD5 

Ttic ^u noi]i]d]ig IjodK^upc L'>doaiii]Lic«J byugncLilturLiJ usf^ '>i]ch 4K fLiminf A '>i]lxlai]l eJ unmru iif [ unbcr litin'i:?! 
ht£>ccciTTrd la LhL' ■ptii]d'> of 1 1][^ SW4II] Rivi^rdruiL^c 

A nxTfc ddniLcd luadusi: hi^crfy wrmJd b^imcfillo^tiinL^b.'tLi^rund^r^jndiiigofLliL'L'^L'^in^n^ndLiioiiol Lliis 



^lon iLonig dF s r^izinf inijxiiLls m [ he ciUcon'^xxxJ/sncin^ ten> coairni]i]]l> is ncLifcd . ^t^ arc Homt pu^iblt ctmigc^ la 

□f tkc ^o^ti VL'^d Ji Hv ■"> tibx) jici.'Jl'^I th.'C4ii]'tJ^pi]Tp1clcxEedriFcCL]p1hnn'aliLtinii) hLbib.\:i loiHlLik^n^lhi: 
S^vim R iver k»> Ll] jnj miLe tiW4iy TLl^ jgKShivc ciiH iccinkJ liuvc ti vcr^ dd nini^iildl efl l'cI li> LIil' '>)i7Li£h^ pfeuil 
ccMiBiunitiK lF iL gd^ cdubLi'iliKk 



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^ VftHxlsl^ke 

Woods LaiL' El Ll [ [ic rnH nfltic WliJl^zfLsli Rjel^c in kiiflhwL'H NkioiuKJ t]bo4 7 aiilc^ eloU hwc?t of OLocy^ 

MODtB 



Woods LaiL' El u HkilkvA' LikL'iriL^gljcLJLy foruicdLn^uf h jilhi:R(x:kv Mou nLLiin Trcncli. 1 ncL^nsi: ^ Lk ul KrHTing 
n^mm'fd inuLl] of [ hcvdcLT halrcicL I o fiinn LIil' dL'pcr^Ki* Jc^v in^ bjr^cr thxl nxk ouccn^ in jnd ^jLX'L'nL co 4 [u: 
lukc. Two iikJ cfDrks ?rucr 4 [ic Itikc hnl LhcrL'EiJiosLirfLiCi^iivlLd [l ^ poHsibl? I liLii ^mic "^"^ lt ^j^^ps ouL 
Ll] roLi^ti CQicks Ji [ he bcdcxick jnd L^niL^r^L'sfroma'tprinf IV4ni It Jrwnli]]! fron 4 Ll' LiI:l' One of LIil' JikJ cr«:)Lshtis 
pircaai^il flcin^ aMl tifonnd I's in let jre ai in ll^lcd K^dgi: ICairi ¥CSKLjrm> 4ii]d ^.omiTXia spjkL'ru^li (Ek'u.liLArEi 
puluH ns) coairnun J > Bali ai^ SQ£HO*j|]y rkodcd £Lid (X4. u r on ninerjl mhLs. A n iikJ wilki^'-covcKd l:^4iyL'r dam 
cirifihcs 4 [ic »:)uLl]L'^ri cftd of I hi: LiIll' On l^i: mdi: of cli? d jeti Ei j wiJk) w< jod dominaicd by Dnn[nond\ wiLlnw 
( £tilL^ dnunnoftdEiAJ) m [ hc^TU b bycr £lm1 infl^lol »=dg[Mn I hi: [lctIiolcovs ] jycr T h ls puLLic i^ l' pLint 
tiHKXiJlKi*. I lie Dnjirm^nd y "A jlk:n^ >'i n ll:i<:d "^gL' shnbidnd liLE^nl hi^L^n dL^vntfLiH fin" Nfii*4^LiLi |h.T hc Hjh'^'icI 
al U ^^^^ ^ pfc^i-" Lli IS ainniu n il y "^ aliJi [ he DrunnKud's "^ lIJl^ /hoakLiH s^dgL' liLibilLic 4 > pi: fin" n^LUL^evkZiil pu^p::M^sOi] 
tlic nther "odt of [ he bcuvcrdam Lsa^halkin^ Likc^ wih WLicrercin^fool L f^L^nnn4.u]is ti[nJ iLis? bu rrced ( S purgLiaiLiin 
sp t L^nd I he 4ilgL3[: ClitiTJ sp ^ efdar/lic^idlLly ^TIujjj |TlLC4itLiiiriLntDi]]^ ■■ifkvfijj kjrfd ^cows aiou nd I [ic lake, u 
Llieupl^nd^dnd jnmnd Llie jnLd creeks 

Tlie h>'d[oti^ of I he sUe. ^crmxiq^oiogy of Llie Hcc^ 4ind beaver jcl lviI y have inicrxl e^Mo si rua u re pLiit 
eoffiETiu n il ics ai Llie sjle Tlien: Ei dn otn'ijus Ijkcshoci' well alxn'e Llit woler leveJ oh^^n'ed ol [ he L]n[: of niy site 
¥i:£i Tht pencid icLly of [lie wJer kveL flKtuLic ion \suaA laiown 

T^'odiffeKri lare nHionwDn^ ocrar ii 4 he cedar fofcft annnnd the IuIlc^ E^hngai Isiiud nootwoit (Ba ryeb inn 
ni]igancKse) and ini^uiiaji mnonwcioi IBm rye h inin monUn u m) 

Qtbeb Values 

Tliuf wetlundeould play a hrge lole in giou nd'^'ai er ice hai^e. aJl Ilou^Il mofe "d wly ls needed Lo eL^flnn 4 [Let Na 

cowIkL]vJ> measureETieni'^ were 4£L}Len Lf 4 [ll^ sjLc 

Hnaiing Ei 4 lie only pfolxibLe land use cxm. u rnn^ i^ 4 lie sile Some similL pjlclies of CanaJj 4 liKle ICiEMnni 4irFei]'te) 
aregn^win^ ]■ old ^IlsiIl pjles on 4 lie Like^lioied Lhe koflli eul ol Llieiiikc They havenl ^pre^id inlo Llie cedjr 
fofe^ and jxi^te JiLle 4 tired lochc ml e^ nly of [ he ^il e 

Timb-T han'e^ i n 4 he ipkuds anrand [ h is siLe hL^? c>xi]Tred inlhepit^ aul "> l1] cii*4 in ue There hjs Ixen to 
rcfcnl han'eH jdjLK.enL [o VpVxxIk E-jke^ J udj^in^ h^'^uneof old gnin^i h 4.edarl hJ (XM-urLere 

T'ShPEM hTt!J^^'TTPS 

More in lonOiiKi* on 4 tie wdlerRow osl of WulpJs L^^Le es leeded co deteminc w tiether i pLiysacole Lnsipf)l>Lns 
tbc. spring btlnwltie lake 

Slieamsidc mana^enieri Tone bu ffcES ^onld IxenpLoyed if 4 iml^er haivcfi occin next to Wonds Lsfcr 
Eliji entOccl tii^ rr ]\ra nu ^tk^ 



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APPENDIX F - Cft Rff BID BEETLE FftUNft A S_S Q_C.IA IE_D _W LE H. 

WETLANDS OF THE FLATHEAD RIVER WATERSHED OF NORTHWEST 
MONTANA 



\6i 



CARABID BEETLE FAU\A (Coieopiera, C^imhidi^} 

ASSOCIAIEB WITH WETLANDS OF THE FLATHEA|> RIVER 

WATERSHED OF NORTHWTST MONTANA 

Jp_- 

UnLvcr^ity dI ^ WildcnKsa 

Cmsenoticai B]ciki^ Coitcr 

73Jt^2S^dNE. Seattle, WashinglDn- USA. flSI 15 

Fh: |21>6F 523 0580 < Fk (206)5234^14 < Bnail bcrgdahL^ciirniet chvh 

ConCrsct ^d. MTHPIffl-Ift 

TliE Naiure Consn^anc^ - MiMilafiEL Neural Hffrid^ Pro^Tam 

]5]5 East 6tfi Ave-, PO Box 20]SiXi,HcJcna,itr- USA- 59ft2a-tl»0 

Pti^1-4i3dF44430l9 * Fm L406J44405SL « Errail: serispn^nris stflie-int gciv 

Dofe. 
LIMflichJS^ 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 



T^THODUCT[0^ 

Inverfetraftf as Biological Indic^toFS 
METHODS 

CoIl€€fio^ Mefhodi 
Aii£iim£f%t o/Simpies 
RESULTS 

DiscirSkSrow 

ACK^OWLF^K.MENTS 

REFERtNCES 

TABLES 

Lisi r^f/ KHt/HfH FId£h£Jid En'^ CatiiAiJ Spoc!£t 
FlC LIKES 



RciZQmjrKndcil cicDUun" Bcr^dnlil, I.C _ 11??? C*raliid hwlFc fmina ICr-lcppter^ Cnmbiil«l A?5«ifl1cd ^ iHi wpilnnds 
{>f the Flathead Rjver vpB»Tib«J fif CKfttuvot Mi]fituin. Coo; vvtion BipIdj.^ Ccnlrrn Suttlen WA, 22 pp. 



/TnlMT H^EVTrMJ Ctf»U^ fif^fAM ^i?^J?J 



INTRODUCTION 

l^Lj pvoj^cf i& ^art of £ mulli-iliBcqiliiuFy survey dcti^cd Id mvcntur^^ and priontfzc fbf cdnscfv^lkin ^nd 
mlligaidan appLicBCcoriE, wntlaiih n the Fl^tlitiiid Rii^vr ui^teniha] ol mxlhwc^t MijnUina The projut i& 
twinft coordinafrf by Tlw H^Lure CottMfrtncy ■ Mfflklstifl Batumi HejlTnae Fro(rflm The ofrjKiivecHf this 
pnnJKt was To invCTiLH^ Ci^i^hii] heerle faiipiula^ of fiv? u'^land^ u^kn^ rapid |i|4^:!:^«^^ni4n| l^hniqu^ 
limited Lhj h^nd-^Cilkdltlt Ainnrtugh dhc rcsulLi orcinly five wcUand carabid ':urvi:yK dm pTl^^■:ntcd hcsi^ 
103- 1 2 Aii^LiSl, I WJIh J SMnpled carahid.-^ be marc Ihaii fiO wcllajidshcs in iKirthwcil HmncBna from 13 July 
- 19 J^u^u^L ["J^S. w!i£r£Ji^ tli^RB ihior? divnu: sairplu provide ^ nion: complete ai'HZ'iinicnL of tlic 
wdlflfi J c^rribii] ^ji^^i^ of n^>nh^^«^[ Mi^iatana^ Ihe caiahid "ipi^cic: and [bi:ir relative abundancn in lamplins 
frcfn a1] 5Lle« fiavt yei to h€ ^[^m in^ [ anticipaio p jbii^ing the TDSults c>f [he nacirc inetiuive uir^ey at a 
later da4e ami ftft^ ilnal nlecHm lnatii:»n ^f all itn identified ipceicK The infomiaJicin ^ynthe^iTod in thif. 
report will hctpeliilly almulflce aillttonaJ rfMiftrcli on CErahul bcralcR e'\ biolftjicEl indicalrn^ ftf wecland 
ccoLoj^y ir hvftMerri Moinsna 



Carabid bwtLcs on? FfiTrarify ^ncriliSi pedalor?. Jsnd gcivensars) ftf other ami invertehratt species. Seed 
(itieUiduifi conilcra}, EnaLL and milLlpftfe SpectaUsti hjv* tJso he*n deseiLbed, as w«ii as ^Lome larje-bodied 
|ftf«[ ipccjcL known Id prey m juvHillc stilummJerS- Wlchr-n soil fOod webs carjhui* are lhe KologEeal 
equivalent of Iloiu, tigers bi>J bemv. Oiimbids ijplcalLl" pifldUM Otie ft*tieratjOtl ^Kh yesr, althoujli 
bdpviduflJe ef lar^bodicd spccKS oElcn Jiv^ lor miillipLe yH^^vf. lit Lh« rmkl ^lunat^S of ihe Pacific 
Sortlhwe^ seme odull e^rnbld^ are active in Hie wlnli±f , bul Spring ^nd &\\[ |4^ Li SOJ-SiLTl^e activity by 
ftJjiTS in the Lowlands arc t^picd. Bec^usjf ut ihdr abiimlflElM and p^di^KNii Toort hflbits, Hrahi* are 
Lmpotlant bEoLogita] insntroL agents erf potential ptsts in n^art^ ecos^'^Semj (e g Oto^^mr^r spp J TVieu irJe 
In odief ^CDS>'itcin ser^']WE. suth as organic maUer dKOBlpOSHion^ fivMent t^d lnj, ^d Ihe ■^tmcmntis of 
sell invenebiuCe HsmmumtBS is undHJubtedly si^piilLtaiill^lhell largely undncunieaKd) 

The beetle fauna ot tbe PEKilit Nodhw<$L (and p^:^umabLy its inuet fauna Ln general) shares significani 
siniElantEcs with Ibe ^^>iillicii¥C Ut^ne^ Ktare:? and Japan-Mancbjria region. Thc^e faunaL similarities 
pftsbably have their origin in fl tOrtiniOrt, u'ldtspr^ad, aneient {early Tertiary-'*) JHolar^ic feuna thai 
mhaequcfiUy migrnCnl south due Chj ntajor fhrri^ce ehan^^ aihj l^envne hsel&[«d in Ibese diiee ^^idcly- 
jrt wwftwl regions Yet Iher? ett? somt ohviOnS |»eeulL^n[U:! in dhe generat eoinposilien of d^e Nortbwesl 
Wedo feima. most ncHable is iht poor rtptSWilanori ftf tnajor, iwuflaril> sun-lovine^ leaf-f-eedui£ taxa In 
conn'afft, families favoring twi anil mCuSI f Nmsces are ivt It- re presented {e g_ Caiahidae and Staphylimdacl 
The selective action of drnst cornier Tt^rf^iS ^da dani]\ enwl elimate ti^ evidently been rhe major fitter 
exeluding man> ujn-lo^iiig h^bi^'Or^ Hlngeogra^er^ refer to tbe Pacifie Noftbwest msrct fauiu as 
Ti^e^i^/vt?;^^, a bioge4>gnif4iic r<alm Ihat extends along d^e coast from die A leutian Arehipelago soutb into 
e^ntraJ Califom is and e-^e^ly al<Mi^ Ehe Ri^cky Nttn^ and Sierra Nevads. E^leobotan ical evidmci^ suggesis 
the Vaneouverwi bioCa iS vtYy old iPlKX^ne*^), ^^^ ^^^^"^ occupied amueh larger and oontinucxis re^mn. 
TbBToare amimlxr erf u^Ctr^sU^^^ relict:? in Ihe Vaneouvc^an ceroid beetle fauna - 1axa with an anuenl 
origin Ibat ti^ve stT^v^l fiV fr£>iri Iheir origiiul home Among the eambids these include Omr^ and 
J^j-iOMi?^L^;fL7/AiVJ with clowbl reL^M^S Iri S^iutfi Airica, aod A^^e^^j^s with its rolalivrs in South Amrruiiind 
Au^u^lia CMfsIf?efAes sp^ties {~ Chv/oscmt^I are fciuod only in tbc montane re^ons of western Noftb 
Arfle^iea and Eujusia As dIS^_usb«l in dit ptev|o*ij -^etrinn, many of CheM spcclacular ranee disjunctionE 
prt^ahV have Ihelr origm on the Pahozoic tiipsrt<nitirieiit of Pangea, follovred bj- 2iO million years of 
plnlc-i«tOTiic tnnvemcut of the c^ntinwiti lo (heir tnrrwl locJtEorii TTiese carabid leliea arc primarily 
Inrge-bodrtd, flightier lore^^ beetle? --vith relfldvcl> pW* dispersal pm^er Thu suhe of ebaraetcr? is 
snnLl>>rl4 dto:u 5^en in lelie anttaxa 



FimXfKiTd FTfrftim^ CtruMh, Bei^Mrl (1999} 



The oihcr majw biogj^ogmphic rtalin an ^ ^clflc Nofthwai Is tlie -^oftcptpft^ fl*i nrld f?(l0ii witfi hot 
SLinniw7. Many tlK^k 1>^h>i^ ta\a hav* dlgLarc flfflri[ie=: wkh N«rfn}plc*l or wwhem ^WJlh Arnfflca 
gnuupsn bOiv^^N, Hl^ Shiot^ 1?ioO If al^ ^^r> Bficfcnt |cflrLy Tertian'?! and ^ignifiii^ntly d]ftlnct 

BCiU3quet«[ a1 1194]) Jiccfitly pjbListicd ^ diecUiEt of the b«t[es of Canada and Alaska (7.^^7 jpo^jiff). 
OLv^n cha 5.lhi]]lariLy in ^ography. clEinaLc, and vcget^lDTi ot Brilish Columbia I^C) Jirid the U.S. Pacifk 
Npuhwdt [Wflsliingtcin |WA1. ]d^u |]D1 and Orcgim |OR)]h tlie IH: bedlc l^una can be u«d as a 
t^ifriial mcHdeL Britis!i Columbia has tli? seumd higlKst beetle diversify for a C'anKllan province {Jr^^S 
ypccs^^) Brituh Colnnnbion bKtLe^DR primarily n^^re^tn^ In dK fmll^nvlngj^mllies^ 5l[Lpli> Lni doe {rove - 
liectlci: J^/ i^f^jifj), Cambidnr (^round-tflcdcs" ViJ jf^^JpjJ, and Cureulkmitlae IweevUsH ^flJ spcc\^), 
C^^^id^ ^hicb make up 4lie bulk ot 4he b«tLe biomoss of nofltiem ccu^^ems because of lb elF a bun dance 
ATid kr^e boJy size, aceoimt for ehot? iban 13'^ of tde tevlle lifecKS mt British Columbia In b^xden, 
■nhtch Ls & iittb more nDrtbcm and enly aboul half tbefize cfBCn oppniiKJmat^ly 9% of tlie t-relle launa 
{iz^ f ^dt? jpp^ arc ^ambids |J J^ spp.?. In UKgnn's I IJ . AitJnfw^ Iot^^h ciuabidb iic^onnl lof tJ^nflbe 
beatle spcticis. Statisrtcal analysis of die Sp*rie$ disLtihuHotis c^f diffewttl h«ile lir^iliei frCroSS Cimadian 
provinc*a suggerls ther; is sJgniliacli ly priore ^p^^v^ ivrno^-ar herw^en reoinn^ in phycnphairoiw Iwetle 
f3ni]]ics d^an in tlie L^iriibLilae (pntuidly pr^toT^'scftven^^rs), and ^iguillc^iid^ l»5 in die »^ualic Uetle 
familu [Bef gdahl ur^pubf), 

Cnrabid beetle spccjcs ricbness is conflated (il -69, r^- 0,iX p ^ [l.fflJl) wllhB«Hera|*lc^rea in HMTh 
Amexwa Re^ion^l |sla1cl carabid beetle spcrirt nctflesi Is COTtelated fft ~4^y r - O-ifinp -^ U.OOItwlth 
vascular plaiU ipceicE ncbnos. as i? [be number cf emkmlc plAn1 Species r^rnl c:ndem Ic c^rabul Species In - 
44pi^ = C>7^. p ^ DM^U- It Li mlen^in^ tuixiU: ibol vAsi-uLiC pt^nC spetles riL^UKSs ulllie ^^ti n^unCufUOUS 
United Stflies is nat mucb benei uf a p^diadc ^f hinerny species rlcbness chu li Is of ^c^bkd beetle 
rieli ac^R Iplant speeics rjcJuiess vs. buttertly. n -4tt, ^-(^.54^p^ D{H)El [nkresLin^Ll^i ^=:irabid bev^le vj, 
plant ikhncHs IS mere £4roii^ cofTi:laLed lbi«i nr^bid vs. butieHly rifbtaeia In -4SHr- ".17, p < QJ>l)r 

] ha^v rHHitly completed an ^coini of i^1l Vtin^wtt »rabid be^1? ^p^eieii Ejl tba Pacific Nnrthw^at {DC, 
WA, ED &. OR}, a launa which lolals ft9B lp*t]ea *i^l s^b4|Kcii>^ The carahid apeeies rklinea of the 
bdivtduaJ ficnifaphic unlls are as lollowsr UC Waftln TVA f^^Tl, ED {121) and OR {-IJE) (CalEfettiia has 
fill carabid b«tk sjwcitsll [ntroducH;d^:inb]i3s&ce<nJiilffini^ioftfiePNWta^a. Near iJl^n^f the ftiunais 
ecriedy oiSQCiatcd ^Eth i¥etlmiils, and ta. iD^&^ fo^sc spetialia^ TJi^ flVHay^ aduh Krwly size of dw ^es 
PflCLfn: Northwest carabld specKS is - M nam (rWt* - 1-^mm-2Smra) 

TTie rarefactLon (speties accumuliJioi) Curve l&f P^f Iflc Nortliwesc cai-ahids iufijtsts 1hat K3afively fc^A- 
ai^hid species have yet to be discovered Pom- ne-*' spetws lave been descnhed cnver- Hie last ten yean, 
and thfcc imdcscribrd species are known ^Hjwtvet^ tnora ^y^malK exi^loiaCEon f^f Teniote mounlain 
ranges in (he Pacific Nofthwcbt may >pcld a sutprjsitig numherol widisco^et^d uiiHerteljTate sjjecic^: Willi 
amall a«>£Taphic ranges For ntslmce, usin& A tOfflptdwnslve L?.S. National Pstl Service anaSysi-i nf 
endemic spzcjcs from tlic Oljmpic Mouncain-^. :ind llie aSftJinptwn tlific tlie number nf tndem Ics ii mughly 
iWOpottJOnal to die relative size ol tasa Irom the li.J. AJidjews lottST, I pt^ieced ihe nurnber of endemic 
kivenelrate ffpccic=: in die Ol>inpics should t* -^I5t} spedes, an order<pf-mataliude moif than the 1 1 
species pres^ndy known. Furthermore, d ninnbrr <>t foctoH uj^esi tlm endemic uivertehi'ates -^onld he 
<>«t^reprasen[ within regional biotns when «miM«il to plants ai^ vertebraiM Some of tliesc 
HfldliCOveied cfidcmic species may be canitlds. Slmalat" gsp* in wi- knowledge undcrtjh4edl> occur 
throughout the PacEfic Northwest 

Wilh tegard [Q winch genera (he undtE^^ered cnrabkl species bl lIk region may helflnfr Bouaquet & 
LaRochelle |19W1 lugfiesL " . ti^e ck?t^f\t m^m^ of [i-arebld] jjiwits ^nj j^^Tfre^ji-T f^cttrrr^f^ in 

^rFJGTiCO /wtJIt €i^ ^tit^'iJ ^t^criwf^ U flfliV?^ fiFTLT/er rW? [2.6 JS Species], Obvs<^V^fy, Jfrtii-e urn Jri^Jt?*ff-rJ(il 

southern regiorrs, iforf^f^a£tt/iitia'p;vjiL?fr^fieJc^rfl?^rrJfff ifFmftrJj/nFCT^fjr^v^rJNrri " They e=:tunate 
dw number of speeie* and sub3|Meics En Nortti America noitli of Menlco Itn be cl^e CO ^JftOia^iaJe there 
wc atont 5W laxa yet to b* aecounlcd for En the U.S. and Cufiada, Bensbidibrl and Trechlnl have small- 



nnf^^4^ ^-fStirtHi Cmbjiir, SffgJahi {^999\ 



bodiei] adi^llSn^K cyplcally wfCbnd^Hp^Ean habHEit ^prciahsts. and arc foiutd fiarn ^^ kvel t^Ui^ nlpctK 

HleHv-nlnt CH^l ca^^bid S|>«C]» »e tndein»t lo iJn; PatiPc Northwest Kgian (JJ% nf the fajna). Six 
spctiea sre namrt^ly r^scneied lo DC, II (& WA, 6 to !& and 25 1o OR_ CahfbmLi tia& 225 tihfeniie 
rtrahids, al-irtabfluc L^rd of Its famifl T It^ve HbttimincJ thrt llic ^wgi^pbic range BiMofNortfi America 
cariibid heetLe species rtii a coihtlnental-scak ii S^ifichncl^ HrOrrrlalcd nhh the extent of refiEnsJial 
distributEon (i a rarity is spatially wmcordairt) Srtine Pacific Northwtei HrabLdcndnnica may cotiTcncLy be 
at nRk H^exCiiHcian due to rapid cti^nge LTi tiahilat ni- climate Fcit^ Pi^cLfLC KortbwcEt n^rabid specks are an 
die 155-1 U-'^-Fidi &. Wildlife Service's I l3iofpotentla(|^eMd*nBe^ Or tlijH3tcnrfs|}«jis:^tftiffejtffi^ 
i^jiftwr^fUij |CA, OR), rf^iHiiia at¥w^fti/ii (ID), &tp.hn(j(BJ fieVcmP (CA, ORl_ Pleroj^ncM't ftjflW 
(OR) and ^fftwwiw *e//£fr (BC, WA. OR] Otter lowland wrsbids shot^ld be added (a the list incUiduig 
Cr^-in^^i c^:[tiMfMca <WA, ID, OR), S^aytftJH^Jr^t jriLMriJ |WA, OR) &ild Src^irprj termitifofvtis (ORl_ These 
J^tA^JfJ and CriiiTAi^tlii arc ripariin aposk^, ^^^jraffm ftr^^wj ii an acute Spli^num spcciflLlsC. and the otben 
flreftwe-^carabidi, ictiiccifwhicli are picbabl^ eloselj/ aift«iatcd wuh the itiar^in e-f anall stiMmi 

iARl RS ^^TTRIBFSfllld^iTGFNF-RA provide a summar>- of niyflSSessmeill&f the int^^ 

[he i!^ carabid beetles k|>ccics carrtntl^ known from Mor^tana (Eousquei Jt LaRocht^lk l??3; Bcrgdahl 

An Oi'^vieiv of the carabid feiina or Moatana f^ 4^ folloiva; 
No.of MTtribe^ -2^ 
No. off^^ners- AJ 
No.MTsp&zi^-l^i 
No. holar^ric M i specks - ^2 
No. inlrodutrf M I species - 6 

Average year Ml species wa& ntsc de^ribiftl in cntOfntildgv litt^ratLrr? - 18^A 
Average number chF fr5 ^tcs and pT4:ivm«& r4T species occur in ~ 23 
No. iptcJM iViuiJ in tHjlh ^fl"* ID - JJ> 
No.apeclejft>iiiiJinboiliPdl"& WY-JL3 
No.spcdKJWitJjnl^Olli Wr*ND- L6« 
N^.4recle$iH>uih|jnbettihtr.USK-2^Q 
No. Species foiidhJ ]ti betti MT.^ Afi - 2G7 
No. Species found ]ti botli MTJi BC - 284 

TTien: are i^d known cai^bid Species fK^r<ywty crWf^^it CO ^^OHiajia. Ilo^evef, in comparibLin lo Litlitr 
Pacific Norlbwest states and provinces, this is anumaluus^ sug^stin^ tbai a few ear^ids endemic to 
MDQtona ti^ve yel to be disutvered. l~he n nmbcr of^ndeir icj m regKuis near Mnnt^ina are 
BC=7, AB-2, WA- I ^ ID - 7, OR - 25^ UT - 15^ WV - 2, NV - fi, CA -226, iind PNW IBC, WA, 
ID a ORJ ^ KB. 

SijL Fpccces cun^^lly }jH^wn Ij^m MOnl^u^ are fOiuKl pD On 1^ J of ^ ^ak^ or prn^rbici^ as indicted below^ 
Crcindeicr (CyfirKlercO ^^fricjpict cyj^w^ih MThNE 

Pl^roj^Iicfuis (fiypfrerpejj fchhoise MT^ID 

S7*ajJftiH^iuJ *tf£rk£iii Ml, ID. BC 

Bi^mbidiOfA nmli:it\d£c^m MT, BC. AB 

ftocwJ^chw^ fMyjihi^ptV risfrkfui MT, CO, WY 

CteFThtJff ^^n-ir^ff isall^beetle, anl a habclat specialist on saline ditches and fl&la ofeMT. T*e species 
h urcemunon. Sn^il HrondiiiH>nt uddoubcedly sigojfieantly effect (be JiarlftvHon of the beetle. All cJchese 
Pie^^ifch^s (Hyp^ierp^j &re iMge^bodLedn niftbtless, *!>***[ species. A few cnf ihe niehilesSn fcrfesc-scream 



5Iar#«J P^i^fljtif f anrtA etr^difAt f/ifW 



Pji^jvj.f/JtAKJ |7*i^?lrtA^roPJ^^wy BpEtLC5 pTWCTitly knijwn as THrroiiLy cndanit to HbIio wil] urdoiibtcJE> 
cv^fituaLly be cdlkdcd oJofig tfie cr^sl of chi^ D]rTerRK4 A^v^inlnin^ in Mntnt^na. Sc^ipMr}oti4s m^keil* is a 
gcKxl candidate tof thi^^t^ned & cnctqn^cKd eCoIus sitkc il is kntHvn fi^hin n^ly a very sEnnll eit^^ in ntD^ 
3cBC BJid mvMT. nnd fi?w sikt anJ spftinnsdS. ThespiKi** Is a fli^lille^s, snail prediHor fH^rKl tmly llIoti^ 
amall- monlEinc-Ioretl sIkSjUS ^mbk^^i^ rpH/onJrcFim ^ a ^t^pme-'&lparte specie* irl die Rocky 
MmuilfliiK ca. the USA-C&nadi bordar 

Iwo hiuiHif^ and ihnty two (232) carabid IxDilcqxnizisirABLF N^i^'MTUSTj ^^ kiunvn or ^Lspcct^ as 
K^ldmt [it nciFtti^i-c^ Mantana IBouEqucf £ LaRocbcllc L99J. LaBcmte &. Jotinsofi 193?. EdwanJs L^5. 
RusKfH L?£g> Based on trends of hobitBl affinity ot conbuk ]d tbeP4jcirLC Noftti^cst IBC. WA. ID. OR). 
ne^T ll'V^ of IbcEC qxEJCs arc probably wcfland/ripamE habitsC spH.idttts. 



TeE^eslflal iiivfrrahratas arc valuable [lulitatcirs dF b]odivcrs]t>' paftctn and e[x>svst«n FnoDitonng tools for 
Tn^ny ^3^^}flS inoluding I) Ihcir high sfcuH ncJiness iind bioirass^ and 2| wide range orbcd> sizcs^ 
habqt^ ^nd 1i>0il reC|U]JrenKfilSH ^c^i^nnBJ aclivLty^ Tif)rf>duct[yc bioLogy and ix^miation growth raJos^ pDwcn 
of dispn^ln and teoir^pbic dislribtjcfcons Low-co^ paisivc^ sur^'C}' mcltiods c^d rcltably sample lai^ 
nuTrb^ tif liidivlduaFs Cnvtr sbon pcnodR of [Eire wi4li mmjoiaJ [naripower. Because efdie divn^ity of 
Lfivcdebiffle Species and Ih^ir tHzndency lo exhibic laj^ populalioo sjzcs slatisticaJ tE^ot and robust 
cancLiisim^ ^ir« feasible Fo^e^^lierimcncaJajbdcompai'ative studies 

1nveTtcbn[» have been ihoivn to rcsfn^id to many environmHitaL icnpacts, incLifding tiabhat fra^mcFTtaJkin 
and pcfTuLatin^ is4jLnt|4>^, tabttat mchdifiii^crH^ and dj^urbancc, eliniaJe cban^n, and cbemm^l fKiltution. 
Many ijivrrtc brutes Sf^ci^ hav« ttie [KriEtitial for rapid rcsponEf to flnetiiating envLronimznial condLlions 
because H^f chtif hi^b rH^pulacEnZdh fjewdi rates and sbon gcncratjoi] tLmet In^'crtebr^le spceici arc often so 
failhJvl 10 speeifie olinhates aj>d habitat tliat tbeir tossalt have b«n u^d to rceonstnict chmate hislory 
Many pub1is1>^ t^potl-^ using c^rabKls to i~eeonstTuct«l paLeoefiviroiurents can be Cbnnd in ^ 
paJn>:^l<^ literature Given tbc high number ot rcgionaJ cndooics and habitat specialists^ many 
NonhweSE invertebrate species wiLL undoubcdly prove to b= v^ry Kcumle indicotor^ of hatnital conditions 
t^includli^S k^eal and re^naJ bicdivenity bijttpc^s) and management impdcts 

TJet ^11 invertabratc taxa are equally efTKtive as indicaCor^ ol biodivet^icy p^liems or eiwlrotl mental 
bniHCtS- rd»ll>^ [odicalor tai4a should eidiibit Lhe folLo^ing diar^^n^nf^ics' l> hi^ Species diverslt>', 
cnctoiian and bobilat fideli[>', 2| wide geographic distribution, i) tsxonomimlly and eL4tlo^c^l^ well- 
kni>^Pl, ^J ea^y CO ohain large random samples ot species, and ^| large tK»dy bL:^ for ea^y idHiliJiC^lcOil. 
AIsOh iili]icat4>T ta;{a ^litnild be ccDEogicaJLy diverge tiencomposs a broad r^ngt of ecdLdgK-dl Ti»|aiic(neiit& 
and lile-hlstoties. and e^bibft var>ing sensitivity Lo eoviroomcntaL perturbalioos}^ in addition lo being 
iunctioiiall) impotlatlC In ecosystem processes^ and having iriatively sedentary habits or poor powers oL 
disper^l. Car^bids meat these nfuaJifkalions mucJi better tban many ottier terrestnal invertebrule tii^a. In 
northern biirO|4, ivtiei~e the biology of corabid E-pccies is much betler hnomi, carabids liii^ve b<»n used 
extensively CO inouit^ ttie bioLogioo! mtegiity ot forest and lienthlofuL. In Ncnth Amcrka tliis poCi^ntiAl tia) 
baldly bwn capp^ Carabid faunas are analyzed in a recent urticLc Ibcusmg en mu3tiv?rinte iociIkhIs to 
determine indicator $|>eeies and etiaroctcnstic species assemblages bi biologbtal u^ficissmeni reseatdt 
(Dufrene S L^s™drt 1997J, 



Ftn*«rfPIWflitJr4KAW^fi^fSHfiaWfrt60> 



METHODS 

Sixijy Siley tiiNi Sanipfe Daiei 

'Ibiz \r^^\^ 1x=ttkK ^uihulas at flvi: wcUondj in ttic Fla^cad hivi>f R^jrt iv^j? siunplHl |s« Tr\DLE 
SITTSl- Tlhac wccl^nda -^CMt Ltkctcd by sJafF af TTic Nflfui'c Ciiiiiwr^flncy - Mor^lflfl^ NnCuniL Herila^ 
IVagfam^ aad arc s small fubfct of Ihc null}' w^rlands m TNO'T-ITNHP-FLsthf^ u'^luid ptf^a^c, All^cudv 
9Ltc5 Lfictuicd a inosaLC ^r hobital t>p« CHngmg JroniforatKJgc toopcn^atizf In mch^t nzaus, T&Ttenipt^d 
to sainpic a1] inajDT tubit^t types ^uLcabJc Ibf c^rabids Sph^^num coin m unities occur at tlu Sw^i% RE^r, 
Ambrose Fciu and Boii'cd Crc^ sUcs Siocc a number ot larc ca~ cndcirjc carabEnls ar? known iriHEn 
Rpfiagnion ba^ in the Pacific Northwest, c^lkcUng ofi spliBgnum mats n^^i^ived ^itecial sttftiEiH^, An 
^K'^Twlcvf of ttic bogs of die region, includjng somt folor piclurcs, can be fiKjnd in Chadde^l al {IQ^fl), 
hmwevcr, none oftlic wetUnds m this study arc descnlKd in th«r reparl. Mof ■: dj^flcd d^cripti{w^ of tiK 
wetJandi^ in 111 19 stjdy will bt pi^]vidcd [n iut^re reports by INC^TNHP Flaibiifld wceI^ nn^Kt, 

The dates of tbc samples span {3 ] -12 August, L993 Tbc wealbcr duilng lius per lod of time was warm and 
SLinny, and pnnvidnl excellent cuuditlons lev luud- collet ting tjrntuds. The weotbcf on both 01 and 02 
Augiisl was waini and cloudy wuh llghl tuIu Du? to on abundimce of preciphatiofi In Juoe Ln northwcsi 
Montana, i^'ctlaods indie region |]fobaMy lind water-lri^Lc ckvalicns that were tijgber thou average. Wtien 
wetland basins are full there is in gencnJ kss pcnodic^ily-Enl^nergcd habital available for aampbng non- 
iiqUfCic wetland ]n9eets such as caTab]ds, ivhich ore well-adapted to CKpLoil these ephcmofaJ miero-liabEtats 
h Is unelear Ihow weftcf than nonnaJ cendit]ans may bave efteelc^ the 4llvers]ty or abnadance of tha 
sftinpls- 



All cambidt in ibn: »inipks "a-^k f^llect^d by b^d^ell«Cllott t««hulqu». N& p]L(k|1 irttp^ ^xr^ ushT du« h^ 
tbc very limited number of Tiirtdj avml^bk (0 l^a pt^jflcc ^11 tarafcids Ihjl w«k ^t^ wcit; tflbcn if dwj^ 
could be caughc T^rdless of Ibel3ct that Ihes^KS ma^* bavealr^dy be«ti uhen bi ihe ^^unpkr lli&t is, 
tbe samples nsfcvsj^ an HCnliat* of (be wlwiv* Jmndsnce of die ca^bltl be** spetits &cci^ly Men. 
Altbcugfi tinnd-colleOliflg H tligbt 04t| yi«ld Isr^ «»r^d sajriple^ «nd help fithi r^e ^p^ei, au nk^ht 
ccHeetingwascondiitt^d al ilwsif live u-eil^nds. I tel led primarily on noodingand crfvupbu^dKarDUodto 
^uro carabids from hiding plates A small, diree-prODg^ ^[\tn fork wAS ustd to mow litter WHen 
avajlable, nkcsymg logs and brnichi^ ^nv dusei-ted iind cj^mbied fi?r ti]ding beetle Small bodiHl 
ipceies were quEckly aE-pliari^d urio a ^nl to r^duLe ibe pOS-^lily of ^Sijape. All sfKcimm^ wert 
immediately pickled in sm^ll vials in 70^ elbimol + 3D% kiicllfiii vide^ L^t^t w^re added tu eiK-b vjjI 
immediately after the E^mple uah lukeu. 



A1I samples Tvere ^sesscd ]n my lab In Sealtle Sp<:ciincns vp^re quickly washed In a tea sCniuivr using Cap 
water^ dried on paper, pointed Iglucd to a smal I paper polnl using ^atcr-KSoluble Elmer? gluel^ and then ihe 
|Kp|n|wa? puined wEth an insect pin 

A11 K|>fiounens were examined iind=r a dissecting scope and s^ed Inio "morpho-Epccles'^. MosI of ibese 
^oup:! were then identEficd to species using Luidroth I1%1-E46^> and reference lo my largn^ P^dJlc 
Nonbwast synoptic collec4Jon. Twelve o^ tbe tiJlcen (l^i Befttiidior) specie have yet lo \k idedlLlkd to 
sp4C^as Tlia genus Bi^ytf^^ilfoff is exceptionally neh In species |e.g tin largest L^mbld genus in MOnraHik 
Ibe sp^ie^ h^ve sinaJl adult body tize, and are oiten dililcult to ki^ to bpi:cle^ wllhour access 10 ^ ^OOd 
synopi iC ^olkctlOtl of the regEonand pn^ lous expcnmce. My prelim uiary determinations of rbrae i^pEcies 
will neod to b? v^nfiad b>' anedier carabidologlst before Ibe 3^f?\iyActfoii of iiesc sample? ^.^n be full> 
Assessed. 



ftMhea^ I^eHoMJ eTafoAlj^ Afif^Ad (iy^9) 



RESULTS 

Sevenwan smpfcs werc [alien - IficaJity de^ribLlcidS ^rt njurlinKl in TABLE SITES. Forty-f«]r {^^4) 
3|MCjei among 259 apccLmtJis \^tre KpreanKd m che sanpk!,. A brief o^«>lcw of tlwae apttie^ ]$ 
provided in TABLE SPECIES TTic s|KC]i:a and Ih^jr Klaiiv^ a]M41slAn« witliifi and [Mztwcizn dte ]7 
individual Eompin h presented in TABLE SAMPLES, jn addilicm U> rioces nsn "^huntijig auKCia" and 
raretaclKin IFFGURE RAREFAtTJON)oftiic entire cdEImclhhi 



DISCLISSIUN 

Very litlle hfl^ iMflii puhihhftd Hjn Ifie tSrthd becll« of Mtmlana. Russell's 1196^) unpubli^^d Unlvej^Lly 
of Wasfiinpon niE^wra db«$it focUMd Oil ihe fymi\\ HfPnitics cf ibc Colcoptcra of wcEtcm Montfloai Wld 
pcV-^i** Ui* ft^t ^fct^^fccl (l?( oftWiJHids fw Chc re^con. Edwonas (L975) surveyed ih? c^rsbrrf fainifl of 
Glatief Nmaonal Ps* from IW7'6!h wUdi ircludcs parts cnf die Flolhtad Rjver ^^asln, hut putlanly i4 
bj^bi:r tk^^iotlS clun tht sili:^ ilvs^bcd m tJii& repun. The numlKr of c^ralMd-i I14 Kporienl fr^jm CL^cier 
NatiofiaL B-irk mtJudn id? species and 23 ^nefj. bu4 as wEth RusEfIL (L^S), ^^nne ^f \\w Cjixa ^re no 
hunger r«ogniz4^d as unkfic orr:s]den4 In Montana iBousquel &. L^E^LodiElk ]4^^), Tn iinntle un ihe lirst 
records of SeihrsiJ r^iihpxfr^cUTta and ^ qiojiilncoflis in Montana |La)u Countyti E^A^ntc & Johnson 
|]?A1>| provcde L^ lisC of v^etlEmJ ur^bc-ls associaled ^ith Ihese species in their nzcJk ell oti$ Cll^d^ ct nl 
^]^A| provide an appendix on d:re invertebnites associated ^]di pcstbndi m Ihe RnKk^ Movnliin^ uf 
MemUina, IcbhOn W^shm^h^oi and Wvomuig, inohiding beetles, but surpcLmgly na^ai^ds Ai^ mvtiCionHl. 
The spee]C4 reported here, combined with Russcl (IMS), Edwainis ( Lfl75>, LaRonc* £ Johnsnjn ( [ ^S9) and 
Bonsquet A LnRocheLIc (li?^^). provides a provisaonaJ lEsl of 232 c^rabEd ^fies hfi4>^n *>r suspect as 
leiident in tfie Ficrtliead River i^^tErshed (TABLE NWMTLISTj Ca_ Si% of th^M SpPrKS can be 
cxpe^lKl to te wcChifid'ripamri lubit^t spec ulisls 

In gafural, n urfiapaiEson to i^otlands Ihaf ] hav« ^ampt^d iti Wti^in^ton, Idabo and Oregon, these 
Montana '^'eflands yielied Tathef EJtia[l samples. T^ese ]s a^p^Eal^ triM wl^n lhe> [ire couipored 4o ncfi- 
srJvagnutu wetlands west of 1tie Caseadc Mouiitaiiu. Aldwugli ^pha^uin bo^ and lens everywhere 
typicaJly yield sniaJ] car abid iajnples, the numeroua non-^pliagnum Flatfi^d ^mplvs produced renuir^bly 
peior eatcbos One faetor probabl> accounts for niosl Chf tli k variation' Eh« lor^gn iind moK Intense "-^ inler? 
4>f iioMhwe^ MonCana Many of th« ""mD^ing 3p4<itll4tis" ktclLHk jpccie^ in ^ foklo^Lng gcncm 
Sf^(f^^^pf^'^^ F^d^i^^^Eif , and B^ttrbsdiOtt 

Ofdtfr n S^mplei, Sw^Fi I Ovbow wid Swai 2 Osbow prHjJuwJlhc greatest number of spMimcna-'hr and 
l^iihSp*C^&ylu■^TAFll F SAMPl^liS)- Suildny 2 was ilso hi^ indils rcgBid, The cateb at the Swan Riv« 
thKboif was undfiiihledly mflijenced hy prt>vlrt*n> n> ripflfian liabilflCs associated ^iilb the aetEve floeJplain 
Chf Swaii River, whicli wbs extMmely el^w co (hew*$i«i end oilhc oxbow (ca. 100 metcral- FJoe<tpla[n 
hflbitats SAippnn die higliesf ahundajie* and diversity of ^JfSbids lit che J^iicifii: Horthwes! Tlw Sunday 
Ctti* SftiTiples vverer>pical ffrf^niall inrtwiilaln$i|r^ajn$i^lch foresifrl s3iwH?lines_ "npanan" Eiabhats wfiic^ 
also Suppi>Tt sa alpU]ld&Ui:« oJ carabid^ albeit S tnu^b k&s ^via^ j^unti Ibjn hotiitJits associated whh iar^ 
rtvcrt- 

Similarly, Ibc splugnum fieri samples deserve connteor - Ibese samples typically yielded the fewest 
speeimcds-pec-unh-etfort, and low-lo-modemCe divcrs]t> However, wtiereas capture rates ma>' be low in 
spbagnum habitats, die species are lypically unjque bo^'fen specialists C^rahtd spceies aj^Rociated with 
spba^uoi habitats in tlie Fladii^ad Rivec watenhed include F/fi'OJ/Jc^irT pmraeli't, A^tt^tum m^M^iium, 
■^ jonwm srar^MWflf. ffamtrdr^wf sp_ J EmJ fewfriri^ora sp_ 4_ The first Ibcee of these =Q>ecics arc known t>h* 
assceioEe^ with spha^iim fbcoujijioat Ibeir range m North Ameriea A^^mi^m m^oS^^m n a widcspi~ead, 
acuic spba^um speLkJisl in weslem Wiisluiiglonk and maylK in Mnntaoa. AgimAim ^f'tJilosuM, however^ is 



Fi^hNii JToVuiy Cvahlik, Rf^^Jahi ^1 WJ 



nt II sphn^num fpe^LJist 111 th^ FliiHiedi] irgLoa. Agomm cupffpermi^ u>as iht onlv ^^ri^id wLlcrti:^ in ^ I 
bours^mj^k Trtiri ^6wa]|-1 F^. IhiS Spi±^HS is nc>1 closely jseocIbIhI ivjtii 3|>tiayihuni Ic ia^s ^^lltocd Jt 
Swan 4 F«n on h&r«H ^et gr^lV^L^ml SubSLmle jr tin in^r^n ofii spiing ftiat ftfl^^natts AC chis fcfi. 
AKIiOWfili the -^aaiiuni huninnxbs at dhls iii* w^re wcU-dcwbpKL (he splwgfujri raaU bJ ihi$ $il« i^^rc 
IlHjt veil' axten^iiw Tli? diversity nfspeclMPrtChfr r\mbitist 2 Ftn*3niplc]Bi«narkais]y higlh m CDinpjnSnji 
|j> Ihfl QtlMr fen samnkR Amhtvse Fen is « vei>-lart*H iTuiscJT) tonHl-spliaariiim boft suppcirijnB w!iai 
appeared ca be cxcfipt]anany high plant dft-erghy. ife Single Uhf^^ flw^r^ in <h]s safriplc rTwst tilwly 
r4:prc5«ili the rarcsi spntic* acrcM=: atL ]7 SAmpfes. ^^i<iwe parasLlc* ol kdf-*ertlK, and I^f^Jj Fa^tiiyjLi is a 
Icflf-bretic mimic- 1 rflfciy encounter them jn the Pacific ^Jon^VHesr, hiJ^^CTn this may Ik an aiti ffljit i>f the 
djfftctiJty of BampJiflft canopy babHat^ 

TTiia cilhc first tiinc I have pCT£onjiiyMl]«rted^^jwitw*iKJWtf filler Jlian^ 

PacLfie Northwest The £pcci« ]b fin e]ccoplioikdhK i}ftayciful, shiftynwtttllii. gre^n colot It ib da> aOJve, a 
BtnmgfiiCT, aiiddifficiiLttoiateh_ItBppefirqtrt|irafer, w^rtdnSun-ciipuiwdJior^limH widiadiy. ccHnpacled 
cla.y£and3ub3tiate,whichwaifnufidiustafpove(hecal4aL]satCfl! Baymaisli. TheBpccEeB ib widcspfnzad In 
North America, EkjC accofduifi to Lindmih Cl%l-6fl> tb« $|Mclcs Juts not reach the Pacjfic CJiast I 
coLlccledlliesrecicsataniimtKrofQClKf Flare*! R^ln walftuds ini^ugiftl ]9?a, uidicatEnfi Ihe ipccic^i h 
tim Lfieamnion in the Flathead Lake at*a_ These Is the |K>isiblliLj^ tlwic Fbthend Lake, whicli is die lar^crt 
natut^l lakt in [helJ S A waslof tike Mi»lppial Riv^f, i:H>irirHnjlH djreclly to tbcflbundaiKe of^^rjriijw 
(^ra«v in the area due to the lar ge eNleni of the I .ak^'s Opthn sun-sxpoKd sWcbnct- 

Nftne of the LdeinEffced speciei in the 1 7 =:ample^ appear to t*preKnt (xcepLlCmaf rt Coids eiccept for JM-Auj 
^i^fzjic^, an introduced Bpeoies iroin Europe and the only in1r<idiKC^ LflnibLd is 4he 17 sampler The 
AmhfHMe Fen -^peciinena t^ present the flt^c renzofdi ^f this HrabLiI In Htmlana, and deserves a publication 
no£e in the ejitemologlcaL lheratLje_ The spread of dti^ specks an<^ ihc FjcIIic Northi^eBt haB been i^pid 
and ]B fairly weLI-decamefited fe £_ Kavaniugh i Fr^^ln 1 53i>- This an jll-t«llcd, win^-d imorpliic spcejcs 
was firsl reported in StaUk, WA - Vancouver, BC awa \ti \m Qb\\Ah 1953), tlaliloniEa in 1972 [In'm 
]^12), andin c^Etcm Washington and Cenrra[ Idaho in IQG^ |UR^Ie I9K9). [lie E^^relesiB notawetJaod 
specialist - [s it often found in open-^ra^y at^a^ ?loine E>f |he Uiliden(ilicd Bemb?d?c^ sp«ies may aiao 
prove to be not civoTthy records onee final detem^kfiatiO]]^ areavaiE^bk. 

Rarefaction (PIGURE RAltEPACTlON) of 4be cateb data producer a curve Ihac has not flanmedn 
IndKatjnft Ihat additional coilcclins will add a nuinlsrof taffl(0 clie list of ■« tarabid ippecleE represented 
PCros9 the 23^ spceimcns afi£|}'7cd wJthfn ebe^e I7^niple^, 



ACKWOWLEDG>fENTS 

The roLIOwjng |]40pk helped n^e wnh vjnuLis ai^TKCIh o] this project: Jim LjeUicrr ICnMnelJ lJn]vevs[ty, 
ithtica. NTJ, Dave Kai'anauKh tCallJWnIa Academy h^F Sumecs. San FranciBco, CA), Jin LaBonte 
<Of*eon ^ta« L}epartpiieJJt Ai-rKnlrnTe, iaiem, UFln awl Sne Crispin, FjuI Hmdrkks. Jaci Grcenke at 
ITJOj'M I KttF (Heleika, \1TJ I ah ^pace an*l Held SJjppjn was pffOvLtfcd by the Lln]vwiLty of the 
WIHemess, Consen-alion Biology- Center JSafirtIa, WAV 



Fitnh^it JFirtiHil rfr^frfpffr fltVSAWa WJP> 

REFRRCNrES 

Ilciij«|ii4^4, Y. («j-). l^l-Clie4.tlL3l4jriK?ll»ulC^rMdnaiid A1[Lsta. A^rjcullun Canada OUawa. 4:3frpp 

^guN4|tj«L^ V. & A. LdRcithdlt. ]WJ. Catakn^u* of lhe Otfldcphflga (Crfccfstcra. TratlijpacJiLdiic 
Rhv^adidae, Carabidn^ ]ncludjng Cicjtideljuil of Adn^nca noii]i cif Mvkjchj. Mcmmir^ Entoirolo^caJ 
SocifltyCflnadaNci-]67 L-397- 

CHAOdt, &^-H ec »L. 1^^ P«flluiA OD NiiUonal Fcpr«S[Si>fllieN£TLlk«niRuc^> T^ouiUaLns Ecology and 
cijTiswvwion. U-S-U-A. Fh?p??( Setvlten Kctckj Mm. Etes im,^ Gen, reth. Ri^rt. RMRS-GTP.-i L, 75pp_ 

Dufrrnci M. ^ T". L«^d|lrti 144?- SfHK}«$ ii^»i^inti]i4^! nnd indkalcir s|}«]a. the ncKl for a flexible 

Edw^rtlSn J- G,, 1?7S. Tilt Cflrabinlaj; ftf ^■lal:^l]:f NscK^iiil T^pk, Mm^ 
58. 

Enviii, T-Lh I^2_ Trtfc/rifi (±fiftuFi¥ Rnchson m Cfililomla (ColKHp^SJ*. CflrablJfli;!. CcifeopCCTins Bullctlr 
26(2). 42 

Hitchn M.lLa93^ Notes on C^rab[4Lii±.Puii-PEK]riLbn[. 4.117- 121. 

Kavananck, IXHr & T.Lr £nnni ]9Jf^ Tr^chfs obUfsus Erkhson rCdkofKcm Car^bidac), a Europieaii 
^Dund b«^tL?OQ tfie PEK]lic Nonhwef duBst of N^Ntli Am^rlcji' its distnbutEon, jntroductEinu and spread 
Pflii-PatiJicEiit 6l.]7tH7y 

LaBootCp JnRr I^S^r 7r?^Jnf5 ^rrJiFTJ bf Ichson In Id^ko and <^Ei^i:m Wii^hington IColroprcfu Carabidoe}. 
CDkopcTiElsBiillclin4^|]t. 17. 

LaBoati:, J.R^ anil F.J. Jolinu^Tt. IFH!?r Dl^rlbnCii^n, c^i^lugitEil. ^nd bdinv]cinil notes on Bi\£Sf?itii in 
MofHaiuand Oregon IColcopt^n Curabiducl. Colcopter^C? Bullnin 4312) ]'7tH72. 

Liidrotk, C.H., J9&l-I?69r The ^Kiijnd-b«4ks IQarabidac. cxcl CLcindclinoel of Canada ^nd Alaska. 
Pam ]-6 CTHJScjLa Eritomolo£icj. suppi XX, XXIV, XXaX, XXXEIJ. XXXIV, XXXV- 1-LLK 
(Entoniologiska SoJlskap^ Lund, 5wedni). 

RiihhIIh L.)L, L?64. TIk finiJia] n^litiionbhipt of [hi? Coleoptem of Montana, ^"cst of the Continental 
Divide, with a hst oflhe spift-KS hnO^n 14 olClit then:. M.S. ZhjoLo^ Ibcslsn University of ^'dihinglon, 
ScatOe, WA-.20Bpp. 



^InTJif^ HVrffliVrf^ftfrfNdS. flffprdWir^JTHU 



CMrabida€^ in Monlnna (LV^. An) and tticrr species nclinu^ 



B^nibidiirti 
Br^chinini 

CEihcDiini 

iLlaphnni 

C^cllTJHgliHi 

HirpnNnh 

LrbiEnI 

Ijicinini 

LfirigcriHi 

}J«brhlPi 

Mi>tji>f»hilin I 

Ornr>pKr<]HinL 

OpKthiinl 

FAti-obinl 

Fhhnwii 

Ptyilrinl 

FlerulbdhluE 

S^iflritiHi 

Tnich>^chiiE 

Trtriiiit 

^brEiu 



4 
2 
11 



» 



nafknrd HWar^ EToTfffiJ.^. Af^fibfrJ ^^^»g| 



CaraI)fJae} In Montana (IJ.S. A. | and Ibfir !ipefj« richn^^ 

DiU buLd un unn]> 91^ |i> PC IhqiLJuhl, 05 Xf^n^ 3SS^ 



TRISE 



I^Enus^ 



Ma&Ff^ -.j 



LJCidbjiUk/Lj 


fiVnfrn^cW 


BudbidifLj 


ttof^^nfpui 


BcrnhidiEiu 


I^¥yfKti% 


Bcrnl>iiiirTii 


Ttn^hyj^ 


Btnit^idinii 


Tf^f\m 


QruhJnIal 


Jj^L^Jflhtf 


BrH>svnii 


Aliuihicfiz 


BiDKmi 


ZiTW4rj 


CELTfibdlbl 


C^ka^mm 


Cnrabini 


OiraifurT 


ChJDcniEni 


OJiKJT^I 


CidindeLbL 


a^a^Mc 


Clivnnini 


DyjcAXriax 


Clivjnini 


Jr^'MJflTiCH 


C^ctirlnL 


Cyckms 


C\cbnnL 


St-a^irAt^flHr 


Lhphnni 


Bttth^/^ 


LtqihflfiL 


Eiaphna 


Gvhnn|^iinp 


Cr4zfrr£rrjf£iT 


Hflrpaliiu 


^wiTPi^iTtVfcj 


Ha^ifLj 


BraJyctftUfs 


]|BTalini 


CrvtiTcanfhuM 


Honulini 


D^cknmi 


UBr|»1ini 


iW«H>denij 


}lar^Di9 


Eiify^^nfs 


HuT^'i' 


I/aspufsf^ 


HHr74lLni 


Pioxonm 


Haipftlmi 


Stim^topim^ 


H4^^i 


JTfi'hintiillif 


Lcliiku 


AprUlM^ 


LchiLJii 


CtfMAr 


I.el^LJli 


i.a/rtvd^rA 


LctflinE 


Cym^mHi 


UlxLnt 


JVmvJh 


LcImuIl 


£f4^ 


l^tiirE 


yfrcrolcsfcj 


L^l^inE 


SimUimM 


L^UidL 


Ti^ttaphikfs 


Liciiuni 


RaduUr 


Llcininl 


IVrwJHf 


LiCirvTti 


DipSi^h£itir 


LofkcHiu 


I pncfTfl 


NcbfilnL 


^^wr 


N^TirilrtL 


.Vt*rf[r 


Nfiti[jp}i[lEni 


jSotiirpMSui 


OmopliKiniDL 


OflK^jmf 



Fla:tiiaa a'l-lani CaraM^ Bcn/Oalil ll9H/ 



Tif(5C 



NO SIT, 



Opid}ta[]ll 


OptMXus 


PjOh^^ihE 


fNjriitul 


Potr^inE 


PatnrlHir 


Pa4ri:4iLJU 


Fiatm^^ 


n^ynlul 


Ag^HHm 


nuL^nini 


AHtir\y^T^m\i 


natyniDi 


CatiU^Ut 


Plfltynini 


0:Tyf\ctaj?^u^ 


PlBi^nini 


/JnffPiU 


naiyrtbl 


Stric^^ 


Psydrini 


j\vttnui 


Psydrin] 


F^druj 


T^tTd^cichini 


fWr^p 


PttrL^Lbini 


Hiti}tJkhiXA 


FlCPMtichini 


J^j^svfK^nfT 


Sc^Jtini 


ratAMra^ii^ 


L ruLfi) puJlllri 


T^iKh^VfOiCbia 


Ttw^nm 


Trccksii 


Z^b^ni 


Am(Kt9 



r^dflft^ ^Tfcwj - 



TABLR setts /mtsfiri.Tfs.^OAirPP\\ 

Collection localhtkN for H-vti^ctn IWB FFHthtrtil (i^hv Mont^ps) wetland caraWd K3inpLe5. 



FfJtiKinl fyetlaml CarabfJr. Ber^Juhi fJ^^f 



tTTOX 




J£ 



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^WBiSenrcsL SWAUR FOPJiST <i hJCCn US]-¥r HOI Wllfll. Ett. JViniuplM Ct ftiJI^^lLd \W229 » SWAN LAKE, LAEE Qk, bit bfl 



S^tn^ri-n 



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AnibiVK h~^ 2 



■^WaHJL .Sf>tUGNUMFZ?f.USrWKaLWiLdl Rvl. RimptTK: Ck F: J . U!SF!5 Rd.lU2^H »- ^^AK LAKEh LAKE 0>.h ■* MT 



ATioNnAm siAnr^^it ^p,riMt^ lua 



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AMHPJHE SPHAGNUM PL."N.Tmlks NflfBLCfOFrK. EIWY "ll. fL aTHI-^D Co.. aw MT 



A KiRftOS F 'illPACJNU M FLN-7m ik3 N uf D[HjFOR^_lf^^J_ 1-"LA miAlJ tJ> , nw MT 
' BOW [^ ckfEK IzPHAtrN^iM H-"N (kJjir«<l. USl_S Kd fill. OLIitV. Ll^iCOJJ Co . nw WF 



"BorranarAM BOW l:"N ^ Rl hfc F>H i UaFT^ [, I ISF^ Ad ift 01NEV_ I_TNCMN"i>_ mv MT 



P bij Mtiy 1 y--u. ^\i MrND AV CRLE K fji-aELd ^Jr jtlirtC. IJ' J-S Rh] ^U STJtVK bK. t Lv^ltfeAlJ C c . jiw1JF_ 
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^] MjA 'CAT BAVCA riAILHA K^H-NWiVTTI>inl N irf POI-'^>H. ■ AK I- Cfi . nwUT 

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TABLE SPKCIES ^r^f^ ^^- Jrt*r.-*PJ i 

TAc 44 ranbid sp«i» in Uic L? wclk^ncJ sdmpl^ ftVhin FUtftud RE\«r wdlcr:4ted, wLtb h Ws on tkieir tHcloBy aid ccoQrsphLC dkftribulioiL 



EfiF^D Eti1li>VB HdEiinlil rW^^^ Tiuddbv 3i>d jpccLU ublv^ kiJLi>i» EFoLLiquDl £ LaR«hLlLL (1^3) 

IIL L - hnbrdic ^po-LCL ]T I - iiiLii^iJui^^p^ti. ir^'PKAM»jlJiJcTH>dy tii4i>ivn3 

IVinCrS {+"}" All laJI^I AkiJ:^ long-Uringt^ jjid loc^-jhl} cApafalc cf lli^hL, (-^ - dl individud lirKhypbirnE, (+/ ) -sfvi^iQ dn 

HaBITa.!' kcti^ ' NorcfAilKv [IKK ~ rwaDpUiL, bvfr - hyKniphJii., aHlu - ftibi^i^ 

ft^.^* tiumlKf or&F I^Wfh i^E<rlcfn1J ^ flolt; ibd^^adlui province ^clcc Hek hKfin^ccdcd in. 



^rpliiD r^ hvinttiJrrfU, 



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flPECIE^ Slia^fei^ES 


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ITTJ 


1 





T.» 


+ 


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APPENDIX G -PRIORITY WATERSHEDS FOP WETLAfJD INVENTOPY 



191 



Ua nlana WsTerslied B of H^h Bk)dlv€rslty Value PrbrltEzed fo r lTiv€Tita ry and Con Bflrval lo n 
Comp lied by Ihe Monlana NalurHl Herrla^ Prcgmm hi^nlana Sla1e Lbiary 



VtUofBhod 


CrltoflauBBd 


3b:l-:FoDt 


EJ 1 


Lower F^lhead 


E-3 4 


SiAQn 


1^3 


FfalhBKJ L^e 


1-3 4 


Sli1fwa1er{Fla1head> 


1-3 4 


NorlhForkFblheaJ 


1_234 


MUdb Fork FlatheoJ 


1-23 


SoLilhFoik Fbl^^ad 


1.23 


Si. Mary 


1-23 


Mik HeadwaleiB 


1-23 


[^LilBBfit 


E-4 


Ttio Med'cw^ 


E-3 4 


UFper Mih 


E-4 


UVilbw 


E-3 


Telon 


E-3 


Sun 


E-4 


Upper Clark Folk 


3 


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3.4 

3 1 


BqHoIo 


Besverheod 


3 


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1-23 


n^dBjn 


E-3 4? 


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3 


^ftrwstariH HdwIrE 
[^larksRsik YlhvsJone 


1-23 
3 


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3-4 


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3 
3 


Mrdd^Powc^r 


E-3 


LMbPomfer 


E-3 


Lower Povrtier 


E-3 


Lower Yelkn^one 


3 


BqUKidy 


E-3 4 


Brus^i Lake 


1-3 


UVhrlewBler 


E-3 4 


[^olb niMnod 


E-3 4 


Bulhiai^^r-Ctcg 


E-3 


Beever 


E-3 4 



Thb b a pr^limir^ry rnrkingof N^nlE 
^^BleishpBdE compi^d by s\^ of Ihs 
Momara Hetuial HerilEpge Prcgram and The 
Nalura Con^rvarc^ s Md nlBfiB FrekJ Cff ce- 
ThE E a qioJ rialrve lenking t^a^^ on beal 
picf e^»aiBl JLxbamairi- The ^^sler^hEda 
wecB evakslad inng Itn cineia Jrsted 
bakiw- 



Crilarb 

1 Exieni aixJ {^gree cf devekipmenl of wellandfi rpanan cc mm unrl ea 

2 Oi^lrl^Bfid inlegrn^of wel^ndaixJ rparBiicommunilbs 

3 Presenceof rare «]iiimunnreB o Litslanding «] mmunrty examples and ^nsdr^o 
orBT^>ec»es 

4 Level cf Ihieal 



192