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The object of this book is clearly indicated by the title : 
it is intended to be a companion to the Traveller who visits 
the Bast for pleasure or business purposes, and a help to 
the advanced Student who begins to translate from English 
into Arabic. In the interest of the Traveller, therefore, 
primary regard is paid to the modern idiom, as it is spoken 
at the present day, principally in Egypt - and Syria. For 
the benefit of the Student, on the other hand, to still 
greater extent, recourse has been had to the literary and 
even poetical Vocabulary ; nay, in order to give a fuller 
idea of the character and richness of this remarkable 
language, numerous words have been inserted which belong 
to various slang dialects, as, for instance, the nicknames 
given to the principal necessaries of life in the Tufaili 
dialect. Any reader versed in these studies will, therefore, 
on close examination, find a great deal of curious and 
useful information condensed in this comparatively small 

Guided by the idea that the task of a Dictionary is to 
supply those etymological facts which cannot be taught by 
the Grammar, the Author has excluded regular forms of 
inflexion, but carefully recorded €he irregular plurals of 
nouns and adjectives, both in the Arabic and Roman 

Digitized by 



character, and given in full the Aorists of verbs after the 
Preterites, in transliteration, both of them in the third 
person singular. On the above-stated principle, he might 
have dispensed with the Aorists of the derived forms, and 
of quadriliteral verbs, as these are regularly formed from 
their Preterites. To enhance the usefulness of the book, 
however, it appeared advisible to give those Aorists also. 
He who studies the language, not from a scholarly point 
of view, but for practical ends, can scarcely be expected 
always to remember the rules for the formation of this class 
of v \vords, and will be glad to find them ready to hand. At 
the same time, the knowledge of the Aorists enables him to 
form from them the active and passive participles, or, in 
the parlance of the Arabic Grammarians, the nouns of the 
" Agent" and "Patient"; and thus it became feasible to 
pass over a great many words, which in English are either 
originally participles, or nouns derived from verbs by the 
syllables -er, -or, -tor, &c. The Arabic for such words has, 
therefore, only been given when they have a particular 
form or a particular meaning of their own. A few examples 
will illustrate this. 

On page 1 of the present volume we find the words 
Abandoned, Abashed, Abet, Abide. The rules* for the 

* These rules are :— The Agent of a triliteral verb follows the measure 
JcU fdHl, that is to say, the first consonant of the root is pronounced 
with a, the second with i. Its Patient follows the measure Jy** maf'iil, 
viz. the syllable ma is placed before the root, whose first consonant is 
pronounced without a vowel, whUst the second takes 11. From derived 
forms and quadriliteral verbs the two participles are obtained by 
changing the initial yn or ya of the Aorist into mu, and pronouncing 
the last consonant but one with i («) tor the Agent, with a (a) for the 
Patient. Compare the examples, mdkis, matrdk, ntuddivim, muslaaun, 
muhajjal, given above. 

Digitized by 



formation of the Agent and Patient teach us that 
"abandoned," in the sense of "forsaken," would be 
matruk ; in the sense of "given over," musallam. There- 
fore only the meaning of " profligate " has been rendered 
into Arabic. From the verb hajjal, " he abashed," the 
participle mahajjal is regularly derived ; but besides that, 
the form hajldn is in use, and has consequently been 
mentioned as an equivalent. From the Arabic Preterite 
makas or the Aorists yastaqim, yuddwim, the active 
participles, mdkis, musta^vm 9 muddwim, are as easily 
formed as the English " abiding " from the infinitive 
" to abide " ; and if the Reader knows that the Arabic 
word yuharrilc means " he abets " or " incites," he will 
not have the slightest difficulty in translating the English 
word "abettor" by muharrik. 

By this appeal to the spontaneous mental activity of an 
intelligent Student space has been gained for a far greater 
number of words, both English and Arabic, than other- 
wise could have been comprised in a volume of the same 

With regard to the sources from which this Dictionary 
has been compiled, the Author was not contented to 
consult and to follow the works of a similar scope, which 
have appeared in France, Germany, and in this country, 
but he has largely supplemented the information thus 
gathered by extensive reading of the best Arabic writers 
up to the present day. Not only Hariri and the Arabian 
Nights have amply contributed to this little volume, but 
the works of contemporary authors, as Nasif-al-Yaziji, 
Dr. Bustani, Faris-el-Shidiac, &c, Manuals in different 
branches of knowledge, written by natives, and translations 

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from European standard books into Arabic, have afforded 
valuable assistance. Unfortunately the whole of the 
manuscript was in the hands of the publishers before 
Dr. Badger's great Dictionary came out, and during the 
ensuing year, while the printing was unavoidably delayed, 
the -Author's time was fully taken up in preparing an 
Arabic-English Dictionary, on a vastly enlarged plan (now 
in the Press) ; so that, to his very great regret, he could 
not avail himself of the substantial help which this 
important work undoubtedly would have lent him. 

Nobody can be more keenly alive to the imperfections 
of this book than the Author, and he will be thankful for 
any hint which fair and intelligent criticism may have to 
offer him, with a view to future corrections and improve- 
ments in another edition. Still, as it is, he ventures to 
hope that he has, in a certain measure, supplied a real 
want ; and he will feel himself amply rewarded for the care 
and labour bestowed on it, if it affords aid and wins friends 
to the study of a language which not only possesses great 
beauties of its own, and a rich literature, but which will 
also become of more and more practical importance to 
Englishmen, as the Eastern policy of the empire follows 
out its destinies — let us hope, not in narrow-minded hostility 
to, but in friendly and mutually advantageous alliance with, 
the Muhammadan World. 


London, September 13th 1882, 
on the day of the Battle of TeUel-Kebir. 

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The Arabic letters have, in this volume, been transliterated as 
follows : — 

t a, i, u, at the beginning of a word (see the remark on the 
Hamzah below). 
v> b. 
«> t. 
**> §. Pronounced like the English th in thing. 

* J- 

C fc. A guttural aspirate, stronger than h. 

t h. Pronounced like the Scotch ch in loch. 

* d. 

* z. Pronounced like the English th in that, with. 
a- s. 

v> sh. Pronounced like the English sh in shut. 

\f 8. Strongly articulated %. 

v> d. Similar to the English th in this. 

t %. Strongly articulated palatal t. 

I Z. Strongly articulated palatal z. 

£ '. Strong guttural, the pronunciation of which must be 
learnt bv the ear. 

t g. 

sJ £. 
J q. 
*> k. 

J L 

f* m. 

O n. 

» h. 

> w. 

The Hamzah has not been marked at the beginning of a word, where 
it has always the Alif for a prop, r and is pronounced as a, i, u, preceded 
by a very slight aspiration, like h in the English word " honour." 

The vowel signs have been rendered by a f or - , i f or t , « for — ; the 
long vowels by a for \— , — , or "\ , i for ^7 , 6 for <jr , at for ^,5— , 4 for 
y-, o for j—, aw for j— , all to be pronounced as in Italian or 

The Arabic ^ and j— are represented by i-y and u-w> the feminine 
termination 8- by a-t, in which cases the final letters are joined to the 

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1 todies of the words by a hyphen, +o show that in modern Arabic they 
are not to be pronounced, unless the two former are followed by a 
feminine or plural termination, or the feminine noun in 5— is placed in 
a state of construction with a pronominal suffix, or another noun pre- 
ceded by the article. 

Digitized by 





A, indef. curt, frequently expressed 

by 8 (fern, term.) subjoined to 

a generic noun, as, y*$ samar, 

"fruit "; ly» samara-t, "a fruit." 
Aback, adv. (backwards) \y wara; 

\ja {$+ min wara. — (by surprise) 

&± <J* 'ala gafla-t. 
Abandon, v. (leave) dy tarak, ya- 

truk; j+b> uajar, yahjur; f*\* 

ha jar, yuhajir. — (give over) jJU 

sallam, yusallim. 
Abandoned, adj. (profligate) y*\* 

fajir (pi. j^%* fujjar, ytty fawa- 

jir) ; <>-^i fasiq (pi. «~i fasa- 

qa-t, jV-i fussaq). 
Abandonment, s.a. dy tark; j+&> 

hajr ; q\j*** hijran ; n. d\y&\ in- 

tirak ; jWe^ inhijar. 
Abase, v. JU zallal, yuzallil ; J^ 

azall, yuzill ; /*> haqqar, yuljaq- 

qir ; J»j watta, yuwatti. 
Abased, adj. JJ** zalil (pi. J33 

zilal, *1±\ azilla, &±\ azilla-t); 

yu** muhtaqar. 
Abasement, *. Sjlfe* ^aqara-t ; y&* 

ta^qir ; Jeltf tazlil. 
Abash, v. Jv* tajjal, yu^ajjil; 

<Sp* haza, yahzi. 
Abashed, adj. ($+* hajlan. 
Abate, v.a. jli qallall, yuqallil; 

±f& naqqas, yunaqqis ; n. <j*& 

naqas, yanqus. 
Abatement, s. JJU? taqlil ; t^u* 

tanqis ; <j& nuqs ; ^^» nuqs an ; 

Sy-U* mukasara-t. 

Abbess, s.jt^\ &~*) rayisa-t ad-dair ; 

cy\*jfc\jj\ &~ij rayisa-t ar-rahibat. 
Abbey, *. y* dair (pi. Sjy*> duyura-t, 

&y<A adyira-t). 
Abbot, s. y^\ <j~i) rayis ad-dair 

(pi. *\~» rusa) ; gWAy\ u~*j rayis 

Abbreviate, v. yd qassar, yuqaf- 

sir; j*&*\ ihta?ar, yahta?ir. 

Abbreviation, s. j\*&»\ ihtigar 

)\*a«j\ iqti^ar. 
Abdicate, v. 0* JjUj tanazal 'an, 

yatanazal ; J)*> ta'azzal, yata'az- 

zal ; Jy»\ i'tazal, ya'tazU. 
Abdication, s. Jtysrf i'tizal; J<>y 

nuziil ; Jj^» tanazul ; dJ tark. 
Abdomen, s. &\+ ma'na-t (pi. «w\ -at, 

yfy mu'un, tfy mu'un). 
Abduction, s. s-«i~ salb ; *-&*> 

Aberration, a. J)U <Jalal; a^j* 

tauhan ; tlfc galaf. 
Abet, v. (incite) { J& J**- hamal 

'ala, yahmil; **^ harrak 'ala, 

yuharrik. — (back up) *j& •** sadd 

zahra-hu, yaiidd. 
Abeyance, *. *^Vj ta'ahhur. 
Abhob, v. y karih, yakrah ; y&i 

bagacj, yaogudL 
Abhorrence, s. *\/a*\ istikrah ; 

W/ karaha-t ; S^/karahiya-t. 
Abide, t?. •*** qa'ad, yaq'ud ; fUu«.\ 

istaqam, yastaqim ; S*£+ makas, 

yamkus. — (continue) p\* dam, 

yadum j fjW dawam, yud4wim. 


Digitized by 




Ability, s. 8jAS qudra-t ; ^Jtfrt iqti- 
dar ; &*k\* qabDiya-t. 

Abject, adj. jtfr- haqir; ^a * 

hasis, *^-*j wagd (pi. *>Li^ 
Abjectnbss, s. &4** daniya-t (pi. 

\i\it danaya); S*V**> dana'at ; £** 

zilla-t ; Sj^- haqarat. 
Abjtjbe, v. J&) rafa<J, yarfu<jL ; *W* 

jahad, yajhud ; /i nakir, yankar ; 
j&\ ankar, yunkir; *5j\ artadd, 

Abjuration, e. *>j^* juhud ; *A^j\ 

Able, adj. j**Vi qadir ; JjVi qabil. 
Ablution, s. J-~fc gasl, gusl ; Jt-J^ 

igtisal. — (before prayer) *y±) 

wadu. — (with sand) (*+£ tayam- 

Abnormal, adj. yf\&\ xs dudd al- 

qanun ; tjj-a* ^ gair mawjbut. 
Aboard, adv. s-*^*tt <j* fi-'l-mar- 

Abode, s. (j^-^ maskan (pi. (^SV- >• 

masakin) ; J^» mahall (pi. JV^« 

mahall) ; Jyt* manzil (pi. JjU* 

Abolish, v. JM abtal, yubtil ; (~J 

nasah, yansah, £~i fasah, yaf- 

Abolition, «. JVXa^X ibtal ; JJa** tab- 
til, (^ butlan. 
Abominable, ad/. **/ karih ; a^^* 

makruh ; &** 6ani* ; «t>yu* 

mamqut ; «>*&• maqit. 
Abominate, v. »/" karih, yakrah ; 

«ycu.\ istakrah, yastakrih; <>»** 

baga4, yabgud; <**&• maqat, 

Abomination, *.a. &&j£* makraha-t, 

makraha-t ; ^ kahr, kuhr ; n. 

lpj£" makraha-t ; ***** sani'a-t 

(pi. gjU* Sanayi') ; £«** qabi- 

ha-t (pi. £>Wi qabayih, cW* qi- 

Aboriginal, adj. s. ^M asli-y ; 

^\ awwali-y; ^>»^ {$* (^j** 

(j)U)J\ mutawattin min qadim az- 

Abortion, *. tVa-.\ isqat ; c^ tirb, 


Abortive, adj. tyu*» masq&t » 

u^e* jahicj ; {j^ naqis. 
Abound, v. j& kasur, yaksur ; \J& 

fad, yafid ; fr wafar, yafir, *• % *•**■ 

hasab, yahsib. 
About, prep. Jj*- haul. — (speaking 

of time) Joe 'and ; f^ naljw. — 

(concerning) 0* 'an ; ^ fi. 
About, adv. %*yff taqriban; f* 

Above, prep. adv. ,jj* f auq. — (more 

than) (f j£\ aksar min. 
Abrade, v. Jft akal, ya'kul. 
Abrasion, *. uy. saraf , J^ akl. 
Abreast, adv. <>*\) «-** ^ fi saff-in 

Abridge, v., Abridgement, *., see 

Abbreviate, Abbreviation. 
Abroad, adv. (without doors) "W^ 

harijan. — (out of the country), 

*\ji barran. 
Abrogate, v. JM ibtal, yubtil ; Jk* 

battel, yubattil ; c-~* nasah, yan- 
Abrogation, s. JM ibtal; £~* 

nash ; *sJy tark. 
Abrupt, ad/, (steep), UUrtj waqif ; 

^•U ^amih. — (sudden) &Afc <J^ 

'ala gafla-t. 
Abruptness, s. (rudeness) ^\-^- 

Abscess, *. &*** habba-t ; J^^ dum- 

mal, SL-*> dummala-t (pi. J^Uo 

damamil) ; $M *> dumbala-t (pi. 

danabil) £/ qarh (pi. cjj* 

Abscond, v. ^J*s»\ ihtafa, yahtafi ; 

£&\ inqala', yanqali*. 
Absence, s. ^t gaiba-t ; v»W^ 

Absent, v. s^^ gab, yagib. 
Absent, adj. (in mind) i* ***&•>• mu- 

^attat ; ^t- sahi. 
Absentee, s. s-st^ gayib. 
Absolute, adj. (despotic) <3^ 

mutlaq; Jtel* mustaqill. — (com- 
plete) J*^ kamil ; ^ tamm ; ^Uj 

Absolution, *. yfc* *af u ; Sywu mag- 

fira-t; q\J& gufran; Js>U? tah« 


Digitized by 



Absolve, v. /* gafar, yagfir ; J*k\ 

igtafar, yagtafir. 
Absorb, v. (imbibe) UUJ naiif, 

yaniaf; s-**> nagab, yangib, 

yangub; sV* ^ari^>» yakrab. — 

(wholly to engage) Ja* sagal, 

yaigal. — (be absorbed in thought) 

J**a^ i^tagal, yaitagil. 
Absorption, 8. gM ibtila'; s^* 

Abstain, v. £**A imtana', yam- 

tani' ; {mS **>\ ihtama, yattami, u£ 

kaff, yakuff; J^j zahad, yanzad 

(all with i$£ 'an). 
Abstemious, adj. ^ ♦■W* muhtami ; 

±*>\j zahid. 
Abstemiousness, s. U*A ibtima; 

JUfcj zuhd; SjVa; zahada-t, u\i6\ 

Abstinence, 8. £U-^\ imtina' ; cJtf 

kaff ; *eU»i qa$a'a-t. 
Abstract, adj. (existing in the mind 

only) *j^>» mujarrad. 
Abstract, s. (epitome) &*>%*- hula- 

sa-t ; ^afc* muhta§ar. 
Abstract, v. (separate) Jy*- jarrad, 

yujarrid. — (purloin) Jk^* naial, 

yan£ul ; j^- saraq, yasruq. 
Abstraction, 8. «tyr tajrid. — (deep 

thought) jVXsi\ iftikar. — (absence 

of mind) je~ sahu. 
Abstruse, adj. <jl** nraglaq ; (*&>* 

mubham ; ,3**^ daqiq. 
Abstruseness, 8. •*«**> ta'qid. 
Absurd, adj. ^j** je£ &• min ger 

ma'na, Afrff ±* dudd al-'aql; 

J^» muhal. 
Absurdity, 8. gl*Afc hazayan, 

Abundance, *. Sy^ kasra-t ; . 

hisb ; SjVjj ziyada-t ; <J±*L f aid ; 

ijfl^ rahs ; ^ raha. 
Abundant, adj. j~& kasir; t/*\i 

f ayid ; }\ wafir ; j^y maufur ; 

J«\j zayid. 
Abuse, 8. (insult) &<*& bahdala-t, 

l+~Jb> satima-t. — (misuse) &* 

Abuse, t;. f*s± satam, ya^tim, yas- 
tum ; 6attam, yuiattim ; s-*~ sabb, 

8 [Ace 

Abusive, adj. s-*tw~» sabib (pi. 

s-^W- sabayib) ; ^>U satim. 
Abut, v. J*rt ittasal, yattasil. 
Abutment, s. (of a bridge) J^ 

kabi (pi. ^»W* kibas, <J~£\ akbul, 

jfcW^ akbiU). 
Abyss, 8. <>*x 'umq (pi. ,jUrf 

a'maq) ; ^3 lujja-t (pi. g*3 lu- 

jaj) ; kj*> hawiya-t. 

Academy, s. *U1* oV j di w *n 'ula- 

ma. — (school) %**)<*+ madrasa-t. 
Academician, s. ^lc 'alim (pi. 

*Ulc 'ulama). 
Accede, v. «t> o - *; rada bi, yard a ; 

J** qabil, yaqbal. — (to a throne) 

{j^t- jalas, yajlis. 
Accelerate, v. J^ 'aj jal, yu'ajjil ; 

£j~\ asra', yusri*. 
Acceleration, 8. Ja*** ta'jil; 

&j~\ isra'. 
Accent, s. (tone) ( 1 >J labn (pi. 

(;jVJ\ alhan, g*J luhun). — (pro- 
nunciation) kft£ talaffuz. 
Accept, v. J*S qabil, yaqbal ; J*# 

taqabbal, yataqabbal. 
Acceptable, ad/\ Jj*** maqbiil; 

j^-4^ ma^kur ; s-*~k* munasib. 
Acceptance, s. J«3 qabul. 
Acceptation, s. (received meaning) 

^y*^ ma'na (pi. ^^ ma'ani) ; 

v.Sj*** fahwa (pi. v^^* fahawi). 
Access, s. Jy*-*> duhul ; A*oj wu?ul. 
Accessible, adj. *+>\/&i\ Je- sa- 

hil al-iqtirab. 
Accession, 8. (addition), 8*>^j 

ziyada-t. — (to a throne) <j*j^ 

Accessory, adj. (additional) Jst^) 

zayid. — (accomplice) ^ <*kj* 

<r*&\ ^arik fi-'z-zamb. 
Accident, 8. jW\ ittifaq; &*&*• 

mu§iba-t (pi. s-s*^** masayib) ; 

^»j^ 'arida-t (pi. ^f 'awarid) ; 

&6\s» hadi§a-t (pi. *±>S\^. ^a- 

Accidental, adj. ^J* 'aridi-y; 

^/^ 'aradi-y. 
Acclaim, v. Jy* hallal, yuhallil. 
Acclamation, s. J<1«> tahlil. 
Acclivity, *. *}* 'uluwwa-t (pi. 

Digitized by 




««JU <alawi); J* tall (pi. J^ 

tilal, Jp tulul). 
Accommodate, v. <3*j waffaq, yu- 

waffiq ; «J*U» {abaq, yutabiq. 
Accommodation, *. (adaptation) 

L*jm\j*» munasaba-t ; &&\y» muwa- 

faqat. — (agreement) l&)\*+ musa- 

laha-t. — (comfort) &*)} lazima-t 

(pi. fj\ji lawazim). 
Accompaniment, s. (in music) &*W 

Accompany, v. s-^^ sahab, yusa- 

hib; &\) rafaq, yurafiq ; &\* 

Say a', yusayi*. 
Accomplice, *. s-*>«^ ^ **kj* 6arik 

fi-'z-zamb; s-^\ <jMj rafiq az- 

Accomplish, v. J*^ kammal, yu- 

kammil; ^-tf qada, yaqdi; ++* 

tamman, yutammim ; ^/^ halla§, 

Accomplished, adj. (completed) 

j»W> tarn am ; J*&« mukammal. — 

(in mind or person) s-» J ^ s-^^* 

sahib adab; <-A*U latff; J** 

Accomplishment, a. (completion) 

*U*\ itmam ; J**# takmil. — 

(talents) J* fa<Jl (pi. J^ fudul, 

JU*\ afdal); &*** facjila-t (pi. 

J*U* fadayil) ; JUi'kamal (pi. &\ 

Accord, v. (agree) v$£\ ittafaq, ya- 

taffiq; ^\ ittahad, yattahid. — 

(grant) £*- samuh, yamsuh. 


faq; *>W itti^ad; &*\y* muwa- 

According to, Accordingly, adv. 
s-^^H bi-mujib; w-*-*- hasab, 
hash ; «etf 3 s-**j* ^ 'ala mujib 

Accost, a. (come near) s^* qarib, 
yaqrab. — (address) s-^^ hatab, 

Account, a. s^~*> hisab. — (bill) 
^*\~+&)\ £*j>^> qavima-t al-hisab. — 
(narrative) p± habar (pi. jW*^ 
ahbar) ; l^» qissa-t (pi. yo-rf 
qisa8,|^e-sAi\ aqasis). — (onaccount 

°f) J^ <f K" 11 ajl; s-**~* bi- 

Account, v. (esteem) » i a hasab, 

yahsub. — (explain) j** 'abbar, 

yu'abbir ; ^--i fassar, yufassir. 
Accountant, s. s-*-W« muhasib. 
Account-book, ytfo daf tar (pi. /Vte 

Accoutre, v. je* jahhaz, yujahhiz ; 

^- sallah, yusallih. 
Accoutrement, s. $»** 'adda-t (pi. 

*>ac 'udad) ; j*er tajhiz. 
Accrue, v. J^ hasal, yahsal ; *>\) 

zad, yazid. 
Accumulate, v.a. f& kawwam, yu- 

kawwim ; £♦<*- jama', yajma' ; 

*1 lamm, valumm; n. fr*A 

rjtama', yajtami' ; (*$\ iltamm, 

Accumulation, *. ptfi takwim ; 

£♦<*- jam* ; &*J lamma-t. 
Accuracy, s. &*** sahhat ; W-* dabt ; 

&*> diqqa-t ; <J**»tf tadqiq. 
Accurate, adj. ^y**+ nia4b&t 5 

ijS±» mudaqqiq. 
Accurse, v. {&v la'a 

la'an, yula'in. 
Accursed, adj. of&" mal'iin (pi. 

{#*&• mala'in) ; ^^ la'in. 
Accusation, *. &♦*> tuhma-t (pi. 

f& tuham) ; h\£* 6ikaya-t ; IJ6± 

£ikawa-t ; c3^** ^akwa. 
Accusative, s. s-^J nasb (pi. *yA*t\ 

ansab) ; ^ J^uJ\ al-maf iil 

Accuse, v. v» p$ taham bi, ya- 

thim ; <J^ { J^J^ iitaka 'ala, 

Accuser, s. p*to tahim; ^sJ^m 

muStaki : ^J^ mudda'f. 
Accustom, v. ^ *)* 'awwad 'ala, 

yu'awwid. — (oneself) *>^«* ta'aw- 

wad, yata'awwad. 
Accustomed, adj. «jy*U ma'luf; 

oyu^ muta'awwid; *>U**« mu'- 

Ace, s. *>y fard (pi. *ty fir&d) ; ^ 

Ache, *. &* waja' (pi. £Wj wija', 

£W^ auja'). 

/an, yal'an ; ^H 

Digitized by 




Ache, v. g*f tawajja', yatawajja 4 ; 

£f1 ittaja', yattaji*. 
Achieve, v. J*£ kammal, yukam- 

mil ; p ♦ > tammam, yutam- 

Achievement, a. £** + * 'ajiba-t (pi. 

s-iW* 'ajayib) ; Sa***- tainida-t 

(pi. J«W bamayid). 
Acid, adj. J^^ hamid; {j~fo 

naqis ; y**+ ma4ir. 
Acidity, a. &>y*** Ijamuda-t. 
Acidulate, v. ^fi+* hammad, yu- 

Acknowledge, v. j*\ aqarr, yuqirr ; 

<jy»t i'taraf, ya'tarif. 
Acknowledgment, a. j\j»\ iqrar; 

sJ\f*\ i'tiraf. — (thanks) ^V^ 

Acorn, a. ty ballut. 
Acquaint, v. p±\ ahbar, yuhbir; 

«-i^ 'arraf, yu'arrif . 
Acquaintance, a. &f* ma'rifa-t 

(pi. «-ijU* ma'arif). — (knowledge) 

f$* 'ilm (pi. f>f* 'ulum). 
Acquiesce, v. ^j ra4a, yarda; J*s 

qabil, yaqbal; J J**^ imtagal 

H, yamtasil. 
Acquiescence, a. J**J qabiil ; \*j 

rida ; s }\*j+\ imtisal. 
Acquire, v. <*UsM imtalak, yam- 

talik ; s-~~stf iktasab, yaktasib ; 

J*»» ha§$al, yuha^^il; JU nal, 

Acquirement, Acquisition, a. 

d%s*\ imtilak; sA-j^ iktisab ; 

J**es* tabgil. 
Acquit, v. # barrar, yubarrir, yte 

gafar, yagfir; yoU- hallas, yu- 

Acquittal, a. y^ 'afu; ^uu mag. 

Acre, a. (field) Jfe> fcaql (pi. Jy^ 

huq&l) ; ^ git (pi. eM gitan). 

— (mecwttrew*en-<) ^W faddan (pi. 

^*)W fadadin). 
Acrid, adj. *-**?- tirrif ; y murr 

(pi. j\f\ amrar) ; v*L. Mmiz. 
Acrimonious, adi. $*- barr. 
Acrimony, a. fijy» marara-t ; $/• 

Across, adv. "U^W* munfrarifan ; 

J^ifM^ mu'taritjan ; u 6 /" 5 ^ bi-'l- 

Act, v. J«* fa'al, yaf'al; J*W 

'amal, yu'amil. 
Act, a. (deed) J** fi'l (pi. JUrt 

af'al) ; J** 'ami (pi. JU*t a'mal). 

— (decree) y\ amr (pl./»ty aw &- 

mir), <^W firman. — (of a drama) 

> jaz' (pi. ^ ajza'). 
Action, a. (law-suit) 8jco da'wa-t 

(pi. «^\ys*> da'wat) ; ^^ da'wa 

(pi. isj<** da'awa) ; £ty niza*. — 

(battle) **ij waq'a-t (pi. g>Uj 

waqayi') ; £*>V^* muharaba-t. 
Active, a. (in grammar) ^U*3\ £**© 

sigat al-ma'lum ; JeUM al-fa'il. 
Active, adj. df» l^arik ; l*M na&t ; 

£** suni'. — (in grammar) <£***• 

Activity, a. &y ^araka-t; ^Ui 

na^at ; ^a bimma-t. 
Actor, a. (stage-player) v^ la'ib ; 

sr>^ la 4 ab ; ^jVa t&di. 
Actual, cw^;. jM^ taqiqi-y ; O^ 

Actuality, a. &*&>• haqiqa-t ; ^Sj 

waqi'a-t (pi. £>Vij waqayi'). 
Actuate, v. **^ harrak, yuharrik ; 

J^o. hamal, yahmil. 
Acute, g^Vs qd^i* ; *>U. hadd ; ^U 

ma<Ji. — (ingenious) ^^ zaki ; ^ok 

Acuteness, a. fo*. hidda-t; ^J^. 

hiddiya-t. — (acumen) &lo*fitna-t; 

i-\y firasa-t ; £;&& zakawa-t. 
Adage, a. (proverb) J** masal (pi. 

J\JU\ amsal). — (oW saying) J»8 

qaul (pi. J\j^ aqwal, Ji^ aqa- 

Adamant, a. (j*U3\ almas. 
Adapt, v. s-*~^ nasib, yunasib; 

<J»U» tabaq, yutabiq. 
Add, v. «-J^>\ adaf, yu<Jif ; *>\j zad, 

Adder, a. <j«i\ af'a (pi. ^^^ 

Addict, v. (oneself) J* *>j«* ta'aw- 

wad 'ala, yata'awwad. — (be ad- 
dicted to) s-» &p wala* bi, yaula*. 
Addition, a. Sobj ziyada-t; ii^>\ 


Digitized by 





Addees8, v. (speak to) s-*-U. hatab 

yuhfitib ; (& kallam, yukallim 

Address, s. &*i»s* hutba-t (pi. s-^ 

hu^ab) ; s-»^» hitab. — (of a letter) 

s->j*£*H (^y* 'unwan al-maktub. 
Adduce v. (bring forward) fJ^qad- 

dam, yuqaddim. — (quote) f& 

zakur, yazkur. 
Adept, a. y&U mahir (pi. 8^* ma- 

hara-t) ; j**± habir. 
Adequate, adj. <3*V» muwafiq ; 

s-*~^ munasib ; «J*$ layiq. 
Adequateness, Adequacy, 8. &&£ 

liyaqa-t ; &*l\y muwafaqa-t ; 

C^" munasaba-t. 
Adhere, v. (stick) s-» vJH*^ iltasaq 

bi, yaltasiq ; rf lazam, yalzam. — 

(be a partisan) Q~ s-***? ta'assab 

ma*, yata'assab. 
Adherence, Adhesion, *. jj-aS 

lusuq ; (^f^ iqtiran. — (agree- 
ment) ^ rida ; J^"\ ittifaq. 
Adherent, 8. <j*ij rafiq (pi. *U*j 

rufaqa, &&j ruf qa-t, ,3^ rif aq) ; 

Uk-J lasiq. 
Adherent, Adhesive, adj. &*&• 

multasiq ; &) lazij ; $ysL» multa- 

Adhibit, v. J**a-\ ista'mal, yasta'- 

mil ; «J^> sarraf , yusarrif . 
Adieu, 8. fWj wada*. 
Adjacent, adj. J->** muttasil ; 

jfa" mujawir ; &<>%• mulasiq. 
Adjective, 8. *-A*j wasf (pi. «-jUj\ 

ausaf) ; &* sifa-t ; «>** na'at 

(pi. &f> mi'ut). 
Adjectively, adv. *Vs*j na'atan. 
Adjoin, v. && lasiq, yalsaq ; J-°j 

wasal, yasil ; J-*\ ittasal, yatta- 

Adjoining, see Adjacent. 
Adjourn, v. f*\ ahhar, yu'ahhir ; 

J$M amhal, yunihil; ^J^ hazaf, 

Adjournment, 8.j*£-*\* ta'hir ; JW^ 

imhal ; <*J±*. hazf . 
Adjudge, Adjudicate, v. J (*£*> 

hakam li, yahkum. 
Adjudication, s. (*£*» hukm (pi. 

p\&»\ aJ^kani); &*•)&> j^ukuina-t. 

Adjunct, *. *ty>> sarik (pi. *fJ\ya»\ 

a£rak, *V^a £uraka) ; s-s^ nayib 

(pi. s-»V nuwwab). 
Adjunction, *. *sMjsM i^tirak. — 

(addition) to\*\ idafa-t. 
Adjure, v. a^W *JLc ^— *\ aqsam 

ale-hi bi-'llah-i, yuqsim ; J^U 

naiad, yuntUid. 
Adjust, v. s-^> rattab, yurattib; 

(& nazzam, yunazzim; (j&U» 

(abaq, yutabiq. 
Adjustment, «. s-**>/ tartib ; pjttf 

Adjutant, *. w-**# naqib (pi. %& 

nuqaba) ; s-«4^ nayib (pi. v*V 

nuwwab) ; gjl** mu'awin. 
Administer, v. ji* dabbar, yudab- 

bir ; (*£*- hakam, yahkum ; ^L. 

sas, yasus. — (physics) gJ^c 'alaj, 

Administration, «. ^trfJtf tadbir; 

£~W~ siyasa-t. 
Administrator, s. ^-a* mudabbir ; 

J-^5 wakil (pi. W* wukala). 
Admiral, s. j**J\ y*A amir al-bahr ; 

)^\ u-tsij raiyis al-bahr. 
Admiralty, s. j^\ ty+\ imarat al- 
bahr; j^\ S)VtJ naza'ra-t al- 
Admirable, adj. s « c » f* 'ajib. 
Admiration, «. s-*%c 'ajab ; s-^v^ 

ta*ajjub; s-'W*^^ isti'jab. 
Admire, v. <$* s ^> ta'ajjab min, 

Admirer, *. s «■»**'• muta'ajjib. — 

— (lover) (JaAc *aiiq. 
Admissible, adj. JA yuqbal (3 

aor. pass.) ; Jj*** maqbiil. 
Admission, «. (<o a person or place) 

Jj*^ duhul ; J^ wusiil. — 

(granting) &iW\ ijaba-t; J^«i 

qabul, qubul. 
Admit, v. J^»> dahhal, yudahhil; 

adhal, yudhil. — (allow, grant) 

J*S qabil, yaqbal. 
Admittance, «. J^a\ idhal ; J*-*> 

dahl; Jy^J duhM. 
Admix, v. U* halat, yahlut ; ^» 

mazaj, yamzaj. 
Admixture, s. WU. hilt (pi- WU.^ 

ahlat) ; l»to.^ ihtilat. 

Digitized by 




Admonish, v. g* nagah, yan?ah ; 

kcj wa'ag, ya'iz ; &V nabbah, yu- 

Admonition, 8. &*$ wa'aga-t ; *>U^ 

ir£ad ; s-***y targib. 
Ado, 8. \tjk gauga ; &*& galgala-t ; 

v T >y B -fc\ ld^irab. 
Adolescence, 8. &dtj** 6abubiya-t. 
Adolescent, adj. 8. s^» &ibb (pi. 

(j)W* Subban, s>W*\ a^bab, &«a 

£ababa-t) ; s^j** 6abub. 
Adopt, v. (a son) ^^ tabanna, 

yatabanna; *U*\ kteA ittahaz-hu 

abnan, yattahiz ; ^S\ izzahar, 

yazzahir. — (an opinion) {$~* &* 

tahassan, yatahassan ; j\&\ ihtar, 

yah tar. 
Adoption, «. ^j^s tabanni ; £*•**> 

tabniya-t ; oL_*^ ittihaz ; S^ 

S^mU^ banuwa-t az-zahira-t. 
Adorable, adj. *p** ma'bud ; 

S*>V^—J\ s-«**\j wajib as-sajada-t. 
Adoration, 8. SoLx 'ibada-t ; foV^* 

sajada-t ; *>?*~» sujud. 
Adore, v. J ^- sajad li, yasjid ; 

a*c 'abad, ya'bud. 
Adorn, v. q\) zan, yazin ; &) zay- 

yan, yuzajyin ; jy zawwaq, yu- 

Adornment, *. &># tazwin ; j^j 

zawaq ; Ujjdj zuhruf . 
Adript, adv. ^W bi-'l-'aum ; "U*Vc 

Adroit, adj. £>\* Satir (pi. ;VLdi 

Suftar) ; j^-J labiq ; y^^ mahir. 
Adroitness, 8. SjUa satara-t ; &W* 

labaqa-t ; ij\&» mahara-t ; &^** 

ma'rifa-t ; Sal haffa-t. 
Adulation, 8. «J*U> tamliq ; &&Ay 

muwajaha-t ; j**+i* taba^bu?. 
Adulatory, adj. <3U* mumalliq; 

v >U . ? .- mutamalliq ; &*Ay muwa- 

Adult, £JW balig. 
Adulterate, v. ^ zawwar, yuzaw- 

wir; JuJ^ afsad, yufsid; u^ 

gasS, yagusS. 
Adulteration, 8. ol— -i\ if sad ; 

*>t-J fasad ; foy tazwir. 
Adulterer, 8. u ; \) zani (pi. **>^j 


Adultery, s. Uj zina ; <3~i fisq ; 

(jj^a- haun, hawan. 
Adultness, «. ^ bulug; **±jl* 

Adultress, 8. &*s\) zaniya-t (pi. 

^rtjj zawani). 
Advance, v. f*B taqaddam, yata- 

qaddam. — (money) «-AL. sallaf , 

yusallif ; ^fh aqnuj, yuqrid. 
Advance, 8. pJtf taqaddum. — (of 

money) *-AL» salaf ; ?<&• g*o daf * 

Advancement, *. &<& taqdim; 

^*x«> taqadddm ; sfj*tt~\ istidraj ; 

J>j tarraqi ; *\&j\ irtiqa*. 
Advantage, «. SjjU fayida-t (pi. 

J*\y fawayid) ; &****• manfi'a-t 

(pi. ^iU. manafi'). 
Advantageous, adj. &\i nafi' ; J^u 

Advent, «. 4%*A\ j»W* ^iyam al- 

milad ; & A \ "^^^ maji al- 

Adventure, *. <j*;Us 'arid (pi. u*)^ 

'awarid) ; £*» ha^ar (pi. ^\w- 

hitar, jb±\ ah^ar) ; y»\^ mu- 

hatara-t (pi. ^»U^ mahatir). 
Adventurer, a. ^^aL tafsdni-y 

(pi. &AUL (afasina-t). 
Adventurous, Adventuresome, 

<wZ/- cSr^" niujtari ; ^-*W- jasir. 
Adverb, 8. «J[^. harf (pi. «-^ hu- 

ruf) ; «J^ zarf (pi. cJ^ zurM). 
Adverbial, adj. ^£> zarfi-y. 
Adverbially, adv. *Ujk garfan. 
Adversary, «. ^ 'adu-w (pi. *\^ 

a'da; ^^^ a*adi). — (in a Zaw- 

8uit) (**± ha^m (pi. j»U^\ ah- 

9am) ; ^ » ^ hasim (pi. ^ ».o^ 

Adverse, adj. <-AJU^ muhalif; 

^*W« muha^im. 
Adversely, adv. ±* dudd, didd ; 

Juij bi-dudd ; u~**^ bi-'l-'aks. 
Adversity, a. S^Vsa. ^aqawa-t ; ^-^ 

nahs ; Sja sidda-t (pi. ^>^ja sada- 

yid) ; &**»> dubaila-t ; J^> nakad. 
Advert, v. ^j^^^ i'tana, ya'tani; 

> \ - ^ - r LJ taqayyad, yataqayyad. — 

(refer to) ^\ J*>\ aiar ila, yu^ir. 
Advertise, v. p± habbar, yuhab- 

Digitized by 





bir; yt*\ ahbar, ynhbir; j&>\ 

ashar, yuShir. 
Advertisement, *. y*&* habar (pi. 

jL*U ahbar) ; S ; U\ i£ara-t ; fk\ 

Advice, 8. &^««t nasiha-t (pi. ^U> 

nasayih) ; j^» Saur (pi. j\^»\ as- 
Advisable, adj. <J*S layiq; s-^-^ 

wajib ; s-~l^» munasib. 
Advisableness, Advisability, *. 

& »-U* munasaba-t. 
Advise, v. c*^ nasah, yunasih ; 

v^ ijlc j\*\ aiar 'ale-hi bi, yuSir. 
Advised, adj. {prudent) «*J* s-^^*» 

sahib tadbir (pi. v»W*1 aehab). 
Advisedly, adv. (on purpose) *\<)*& 

Advocacy, 8. fete* safa'a-t. 
Advocate, 8. J-^ wakil (pi. *)^ 

wukala) ; ^W* muhami ; J-&U* 

munadil ; M* faqih (pi. *V** fu- 

Advocate, v. g*AS ta^affa', yata- 

Aerate, v. <.$y& hawwa, yuhawwi ; 

&) ray yah, yurayyih. 
Aerial, adj. ofy* hawayi-y. 
Aerolite, 8. i£)*>f**- hajar hawi-y. 
Aeronaut, 8. \^( yt~^ musafir al- 

Afar, adv. Ju*> ba'id ; »***» &• min 

Affability, «. «-J&J lu$f ; &UJ lata- 

fa-t; jUW £y~ sahulat al- 

ahlaq; I&Xa* ba$a£a-t. 
Affable, adj. ^J^ halim; «-Aj^ 

la$if ; {j~t*\ anis ; vr 1 ^ ba- 

Affair, *. y\ amr (pi. jy\ umur) ; 

**^ fcaja-t (pi. «>V^ hajat, &U- 

baj, ^fjo* hawayij); jj*A gugl, 

&gl (pi. JV^*-^ asgaf, Jj-*-a 

Affect, v. (influence) f\ a§§ar, 

yuassir. — (touch, move) <&>*» 

hannan, yuhannin; <J*; raqqaq, 

yuraqqiq. — (pretend) »i» qallad, 

yuqallid ; ^«M azhar, yuzhir. 
Affectation, Affectedness, s. 

§**S tasannu* ; SU&1** mubaha-t. 

Affected, adj. (not natural) £&«*• 

Affection, 8. J** mail; &>y* mn- 

wadda-t ; &*a^» muhabba-t. 
Affectionate, adj. *>«*>* wadud ; 

Ok** safiq ; s-^y« mufcibb ; «^>Wj 

Affiance, v. s ^ hatab, yah^ub ; 

haftab, yuhattib; ^U <*\«* 

£abak li-'z-ziia-t, yaibuk. 
Affiance, *. &*!■** hutba-t. — (confi- 
dence) *>Ws^ i'timad. 
Affidavit, a. j*—** ^/5 taqrir bi- 

Affiliate, see Adopt. 
Affinity, 8. h\p qaraba-t; ^^-i 

Affirm, v. *&\ akkad, yu'akkid; 

rf qarrar, yuqarrir. 
Affirmation, 8. ^\* ta'kid ; u^Wft 

isbat ; <Jk&** tahqiq ; yt/S taqrir. 
Affirmative, adj. ^Jk «*-» tasdiqi-y ; 

i^tA^ tahqiqi-y ; ^W-J ijabi-y. 
Affix, v. «j-J la§?aq, yulassiq. 
Affix, «. &*** muttasala-t. 
Afflict, v. ^\ aganim, yugimm ; 

yy-\ ahzan, yuhzin ; h bala, 

yablii ; 6jtU- ^1^ kasar hatir-hu, 

Affliction, *. Qp> huzn (pi. y\y>\ 

ahzan, &#* huzun) ; +k gamm 

(pi. fy>± gumum) ; h\± kaba-t. 
Afflictive, adj. fA+ mugimm ; 

)<*£+ mukaddir. 
Affluence, «. ^^ gana ; J^» mal 

(pi. >}\y\ amwal) ; £~) wusa* ; W 

sarwa-t ; ^ kasra-t ; *Vj rahaC 
Affluent, adj. ^^ gani ; jh\) 

wafir ; J*«W jazil ; ^ kasir. 
Afford, v. s-a^ wahab, yahab; 

Jac «ata, ya*ti. — (be able) j<& 

qadar, yaqdir. 
Affray, *. ^rajja-t; gV^ irtijaj. 
Affright, v. «-*j*» hawwaf, yuhaw- 

wif; fy fazza 4 , yufazzi*; *t**j\ 

ar 4 ab, yur*ib. 
Affront, v. <J* t^**5 ta'adda 'ala, 

yata*adda ; ^^ azza, yu'azzi. 
Affront, *. <^j«? ta'addi; ^4^ 

aziya-t ; Afe- _* ^ naqs fi fcaqq- 

hu; V^^^ 

Digitized by 





Afloat, adv. U*^ 'ayimaii. 
Afoot, adv. "V**U ma&yan. 
Afore, adv. J*J ^ min qabl. 
Afore-hand, Afobe-time, adv. 

U*U sabiqan; UXL. salifan; W*** 

qadiman ; ^Ji ^ min qadim. 
Afobe- mention ed, Afore-named, 

Afobe-8AID, adj. \£±* mazkur. 
Afraid, adj. «-A*U. Myif (pi. u\*» 

huwwaf, c^-i. hiyyaf, «-*j*» haul). 

— (be afraid) «-*^» haf, yahaf; 

W faza', yafza' ; Ja* jafal, yaj- 

Afresh, adv. *i±* ^ min jadid ; 

if ^J\* sani marra-t. 
Afbont, adv. *>U5 qusad ; h^ mu- 

After, prep, (of place) «-*!*■ half; 

tjjj wara. — (0/ ^trwe) j*» ba'd; 

.**» (^ min ba'd. 
After, Afterward, Afterwards, 

adv. *.**» <j* min ba'd-hu ; f* 

After, conj. U a** ba'd ma; o*j 

^ ba'd ann ; U s-^ gabba ma. 
Afternoon, *. j-* 'asr ; «t>^^oc 

'asriyat ; y&&\ .**» ba'd az-zuhr. 
Aoain, adv. "W aidan ; j^a* ^ 

min jadid. — (again and again) 

^)\y* mararan. 
Against, prep. ** dudd, didd ; <J& 

'ala ; U»± hilaf . ' 
Age, *. j*c 'umr ; ^— sinn. — 

(period of time) J**- jail (pi. 

JU^ ajyal) ; y&*> dahr (pi. ^t 

duhur) ;' f* 'a§r (pi. j\**\ a'sar, 

jr o* 'u§ur). 
Aged, ad/- jj%& 'ajuz ; j\#&\ ihtiyar ; 

(^— - musinn; y~l\ «j* ^U» 

ta'in fi-'s-sinn. 
Agency, s. &\*) wakala-t; 2L+\j 

Agent, 8. Jefj wakil (pi. ^ wu- 

kala) ; J*U f a'il ; J*& 'arnil. 
Aggrandise, v. y4 kabbar, yu- 

kabbir ; ^ 'azzam, yu'azzim ; 

£~j wassa', yuwassi' ; J* *>\j 

zad 'ala, yazid. 
Aggrandisement, s. j#t& takbir; 

(*}*o ta'gim, fr-f tausi'; ^)\ 


Aggravate, v. (make mine) J* 

gaqqal, yusaqqil ; *Uj\ p* sayyar 

arda, , yusayyir. — (make angry) 

s~aM agdab, yugtjib; l\t\ agaz, 

Aggravation, 8. && saqla-t ; *+>\*t\ 

Aggregate, v. a. g**. jama', yaj- 

ma' ; rf kawwam, yukawwim. 
Aggregate, Aggregation, e. £+*- 

jam' ; ^y£> takwim ; &W jum- 

Aggress, v. (*+* haiam, yabjum ; 

J**> hamal, ya^mil. 
Aggression, 8. fy+* hujum ; 8U*> 

Aggressive, adj. ^J^ta* muta'ad- 

Aggressiveness, 8. ^a** ta'addi. 
Aggressor, 8. j*»Aa hajim ; ^J^a* 

muta'addi ; <^*>l* badi. 
Aggrieve, v. s-»«^ 'azzab, yu'az- 

zib ; Qf»\ afczan, yuhzin ; ^ 

galam, yaglim. (See Afflict.) 
Aghast, adj. ^\^ hainin. 
Agile, adj. ^ na^H ; J^^ *ajil ; 

JUa. ^amlal; U^As. hafif (pi. 

^V&s. hifaf , *J\*±\ ahfaf , UU ahif- 

^ a ) ; &r* 8ar ^ (P^ o^r* s ur<an ; 

f . S , pi. g^ sira') ; ,3^ ra^iq. 
Agility, 8. &\&* na^at a -t; ^W*» 

^ahama-t; &^ ra^aqa-t ; ^Ua 

^amlala-t; iAi hiffa-t; ^y« 

sur'a-t ; il^ 'ajala-t. 
Agitate, *f3^ harrak, yutarrik; 

t) rajj, varujj ; y» hazz, yahuzz ; 

\J& qallaq, yuqalliq; ^jA hay- 

yaj, ynbayyij. 
Agitation, s. ^^ hayajan; 

^) rajja-t; fy* huzza-t; s^y**^ 

i(Jtirab ; (ji* qalaq. 
Agitator, *. *«3^* mubarrik ; s^V^ 

{$& cjarrab fitan. 
Ago, adv. "VajU sabiqan; J*J ^ 

min qabl. 
Agonise, v. n. £)U naza', yunazi' ; 

a. v**^ 'azzab, yu'azzib. 
Agony, 8. icjU* munaza'a-t; gy 

«wy*i\ niza' al - maut ; »*>\^5w 

va>yJ\ sakrat al-maut. 


Digitized by 


Aor] 10 

Agree, v. s> o^ m 4a bi, yar<Ja; 

<j*5\ ittafaq, yattafiq. 
Agreeable, adj. Jj*** maqbul ; 
s-~-U* munasib ; <3*V muwafiq ; 

ugj latif (pi. ^UJ lull). 
Agreeableness, a. &UJ la|af a-t ; 

UtfJ lutf . 
Agreement, 8. •*** 'aqd (pi. *>y^ 

<uqud) ; *»,* Sart (pi. M* Surut) ; 

jULJ\ ittifaq; *>M ittihad ; 

SjutU* mu'ahada-t. 
AoRiciTLTURE, 8. &*&> f alaha-t ; 

,/)» ^ taflih al-ard; Wjj 

zara'a-t ; #\^- harasa-t. 
Agriculturist, *. c^* fallal ; *±>^ 

fcaris (pi. s±>\jcw hurras) ; £j\) 

zari' (pi. f^j zurra'). 
Aground, adj. (on the ground) J* 

ijbft 'ala-'l-ard. — (run ashore) 

glSjfc garqan. 
Ague, «. fy\* ^j-*^ humma dayira-t. 
Ahead, adv. ^J* quddam; ^abJ 

Aid, v. q)\* 'awan, yu'awin ; q\b\ 

a'an, yu'in; J^U. sa'ad, yusa'id; 

U u u.\ as'af, yus'if. 
Aid, 8. (jjjc'aun; &j** ma' una- 1; 

&jU* mu'awana-t ; &^ i'ana-t ; 

SjkcL-^ musa'ada-t ; 8& ? \-~ * uiusa.- 

'afa-t ; »>J^ madad. 
Ail, v.a. &-> wajja', yuwajji' ; n. 

Q*f tawajja', yatawajja*. 
Ailing, Ailment, s. g*j waja* 

(pi. gW-^ auja«) ; J>f mard (pi. 

^UM amrad) ; &* 'illa-t (pi. 

«*& 'illat, JU 4 ilal). 
Aim, v. (design) *-* qasad, yaqsid ; 

a— a a,» taqas?ad, yataqassad. — 

(fake aim) q^ ±±\ ahaz ni&in, 

jahuz ; jf» harrar, yuharrir. 
Aim, 8. (design) & my a-t ; A*i 

qasd ; **\f murad ; a-Su maqsad 

(pi. a*V*» inaqasid) ; y^* garad 

(pi. J>\£\ agrad).— (target) ^i**> 

hadf (pi. u\*t\ ahdaf); <^ 

ntean, y^<J nUan (pi. <^«W 

naya^in) ; \j>£ garad. 
Air, 8. \)& hawa (pi. k^ abwi- 

ya-t); & rih (pi. c^; riyah); 

p~i nasam (pi. f^\ ansarn) ; 

^%^-i nasim (pi. ^ nisam).— 


(in music) &+*> nagma-t; f# 

nagam (pi. f\-*->\ angam). — 

(mien, aspect) }&• manzar (pi. 
JL\j* manazir); **j wajh (pi. 

tp\ ujuh, »^ aujuh, 6^ wu- 

Air, v. ^y* hawwa, yuhawwt ; &j 

rayyah, yurayyih. 
Airy, adj. ^^ hawayi-y. 
Akin, ai;. s-4^5 qarib (pi. ^\ aq- 

riba) ; s-^—> naaib (pi. W*\ an- 

Alabaster, «. u±ts^ /•/• marmar 

abyad ; ^ ruham. 
Alacrity, «. jy» 6auq (pi. j>\y*\ 

a^waq) ; ^A* naiat ; S^c gaira-t 

Alarm, v. ^y^ hawwaf , yuhawwif ; 

g)i fazza 4 , yufazzi* ; <jk qallaq, 

yuqalliq ; J^* qalqal, yuqalqil. 
Alarm, s. *~*f* hauf ; ^ qalaq ; 

&*rtj ru*ba-t ; ^^ dajja-t. 
Alarmist, s. «-A«^\)^ s-^^* sahib 

arajif (pi. s-»W*^ ashab). 
Alas! interj. *>\ ah; »^ wan, *Va^ 

Album, «. Z&y±^+ rnajuiu'a-t. 
Albumen, s. j±*J\ u*W bay ad al- 

Alchemist, s. W*^ &\*> sani* ki- 

Alchemy, a. U »^\ ^lc ^m al-ki- 

Alcohol, s. Jj**\ ^ ruh al- c araq. 
Alcoholic, adj. ^^ nihi-y. 
Alcove, «. £>-a* madja* (pi. ^^« 

niadaji 4 ) ; l*i qubba-t (pi. s-»W* 

qibab, s-^i qubab) ; ^ hidr (pi. 

j)<u» hudur) ; v>j* 'ar^ (pi. ^^ 

Alderman, s. &* ^aih (pi. ty** 

Ale, 8. Sj^ buza-t. 
Alert, adj. (vigilant) &*+* nabih ; 

&** - * *• muntabih; uHt^- haris; 

j±*> hazir. — (active, nimble) 1**J 

Alertness, 8. £ - a I-.-j nabaha-t; 

b\+*\ intibdh ; tUi nasa^. 
Algebra, s. aJl^UJ^ rf ^ s 3\ ^Jc 'ilm 

al-jabr wa-'l-muqabala-t. 

Digitized by 





v->U*U afamat) j 
oV quti-y; 

Alien, *. s-j/ garib (pi. ^ gu- 

Alienate, v. {-property) £^ ba', 
yabi' ; ^tt Jtf naqal ila, yanqul ; 
J^ hawwal, yuhawwil. — {the 
mind) J& naffar, yunaffir; »*«t\ 
&* ab'ad 'an, yub'id. 
Alienation, *. **\f* hawala-t; £U* 
naqla-t ; £«jL* mubaya'a-t. — 
{aversion) ijU naf ra-t ; yw ta- 
naffur; Sy^c 'adawa-t, jLa-a 
Alight, v. Jy nazal, yanzil ; jJ^\ 

inhadar, yanhadir. 

Alike, adj. ^L-j^ mutasavi ; J** 

misl ; J*&« masil ; J>U* munia- 

sil ; a**a sabih ; ^ nagir, J»>U* 


Aliment, a. «y»* qut (pi. «y\ys\ aq- 

?**); Jf akl; fUL $a'am (pi. 

***M at'ima-t, 

i^U* ma'as. 

Alimentary, adj 

«^**a* muqft. 
Alimony, 8. &tf kalfa-t ; &tf na- 

Aliquot, 8. J**\j^ *>«xe 'adad mu- 

Alive, adj. ^ bai-y (pi. W 

ahya) ; <j**W 'ayis\ 
Alkali, s. <Js qali ; <JUtf\ ^» milh 

al-qali ; ^^ usnan. 
All, adj. J^ kull ; £**► jam!'. 
All, *. aJ^ kulliya-t: *W jum- 

Allay, v. ^- sakkan, yusakkin ; 
i$+L t^mman, yu^ammin; ^ja 
hadda, yuhaddi ; U*± baffaf, 
Allegation, 8. *\j>\ irad ; ji/s taq- 

Allege, v. ^\ aurad, yurid ; /* 
zakar, yazkur ; <j^ rawa, yarwi ; 
$* qarrar, yuqarrir. 
Allegiance, a. £*Ux~\ istiqama-t ; 
&\±o sadaqa-t; £eU» {a'a-t; ***** 
Allegorical, adj. «4y»; ramzi-y ; 
i3$++ majazi-y ; ^y^ makni-y ; 
o^* mukanna. 
Allegobically, adv. k^^ bi-'l- 

kinaya-t ; y^W bi-'r-ramz ; "IjW* 
Allegorise, v. J£* masgal, yu- 
masgil ; yj ramaz, yarmiz (yar- 
muz); <J* kana, yakni; j-J 

&L£5\ ^ ^.y\ ^ifc^ L*_a fassar 
£ayan bi-ma'na - 'r - ramz wa-'l- 
kinaya-t, yufassir. 
Allegory, 8. AjU* kinaya-t ; J***? 
taingil ; SjU\ i^ara-t ; y+) ramz 
(pi. )yj rumuz) ; j \+* majaz. 
Alleviate, v. «-AAt baffaf, yu- 

haffif ; Je-» sahbal, yusahhil. 
Alleviation, s. *-M**tabfif, Ja*~J 

tashil ; &JL-J tasliya-t. 
Alley, 8. {narrow road) jUj zuqaq 
(pi. ^Uj zuqqan, Al)\ aziqqa-t) ; 
<J»^ baniq (pi. vj^^ hawaniq). 
Alliance, 8. *>«c 'and (pi. *>j$e 
'ubud) ; S a &V-*-« mu^ahada-t ; 
ii^»\ ittifaq. — {by marriage) 
&j&\*" musahara-t. 
Alligator, 8. c^-^ timsa^ (pi. 

£*~U* tamasih. 
Allocate, v. g*j wada', yadia' ; ^ 

ha^t, yahutt- 
Allocation, 8. W hatt, £•*$ wa4* 

(pi. £^ auda'). 
Allocution, «. W&*. hu^ba-t (pi. 

s-^ bntab) ;' v>^ hitab. 
Allot, v. f*~* * qasam, yaqsim ; qas- 
sam, yuqassim ; ^**- ba^^as, yu- 
Allotment, 8. £*»» bi?9a-t (pi. j*** 

hi^as) ; ^-»— 3 qisma-t. 
Allow, v. && azan, ya'zan; ^4— 
samut, yasmuh. — (botb witb *J 
<^*4 la-bu bi-sayin) ; ^ <& q/^-j 
rabbas la-bu fi, yurabhis. 
Allowable, adj. l*±f\ s-^^ wajib 
ar - ruhsa-t ; cW^ mubah ; yiW 
Allowance, * &S\ izn; t)\+X ija- 
za-t ; £-o4y rub? a-t. — {portion) 
see Allotment. — {abatement of 
price) j& naqs. 
Alloy, v. Ua. halat, yablut. 
Alloy, *. Uk hilt (pi. ^U\ ahlaj). 
Allude, v. J\ j\*\ aiar ila, yudir ; 
u**\ a'na, yu'ni ; ^ ^ kanna 

Digitized by 




'an, yukanni; <j*k fahha, yu- 
fahhi (with s^ bi and J\ ilk). 

Allure, v. vW- jazab, yajzub ; 
^yt\ agwa, yugwi. 

Allubement, 8. *r>«**» jazb ; \jt\ 
igwa ; hty gawaya-t ; v ^/ tar- 

AlliTsion, 8. y\ ramz (pi. \y\ 
ramuz); £*Us kinaya-t; h^bS 

Ally, v.a. ^ waeal, yasil; &+ 
jama', yajma'; n. <**\ ittahad, 
yattaljid; &s\ ittafaq, yataffiq 
(both with g* ma'); v> &*** 
ijtama' bi, yajtami'. — (by mar- 
riage) yfcU sahar, yusahir. 

Ally, «. JUfcU* mu'ahid ; fjto* mut- 
tafiq ; j^a« mutta^id ; «-AjL. 
fcalif (pi. VaU fculafa). 

Almanac, *. ^y* taqwim (pi. m^S 
taqawim); *>V*c!N f*~j& fihrist 
al - a'yad ; &-^\-Jj« ruzniima-h 

Almiohtiness, «. &e$\ S^jj qudra-t 

Almighty, aci;. ^ J^ Jc »*>ls 
qadir 'ala kull se-y; J*N LjU 
cjabit al-kull. 

Almighty, *. <JU? a)tt allah ta- 

Almond, «. jj-J lauz, loz; Sjj-J 


Almost, adv. J*U » ilia qaltl ; Jjl 

J*l* lau-la qalil ; W*y* taqriban ; 

J^fi 'and. 
Alms, *. &a* ?adaqa-t; fa~» ha- 

sana-t; Syfj zakwa-t ; SUjj za- 

Aloe, a. ^ 'aud (pi, ^\j^ 'idan, 

•tfj^ a'wacj) ; <4/** qumari-y ; 

p*> ?abr. 
Aloft, adj. J\* 'ali ; g**; rafi'. 
Alone, adj. *A) wahid; J^ wa- 

hid ; *>yu* munf arid ; *>/&* mu- 

Along, prep. jyJV* bi-'t-tM ; &• 

Aloof, adv. s-u*. ^J* < a la jamb; 

*«^ <J* 'ala nafciya-t; **** 

Aloud, adv. JU <*>^ bi-saut 'all. 

Alphabet, *. W* hija ; W^ ^^ 

huruf al-hija; * » « ♦ H *-*#** 

lmruf al - mu'jam ; *J^\ ^^ 

W huruf al-alif ba; J*r.\ abjad 

(=a, 6, c, d, arrangement of the 

letters according to their nu- 
merical value). 
Alphabetical, adj. ^J^ s-V/ <JL* 

\+£\ 'ala tartlb hurul al-hija. 
Already, adv. <& qad ; J£* fa-qad ; 

J^fi la-qad. 
Also, adv. ^ aidan; ^W kama- 

nan ; *aU^ kazalik. 
Altar, 8. £»X» mazbah (pi. &\*" 

mazabih) ; J-£*-* haikal (pi. 

J*Wfc hayakil ; s^j^* mihrab (pi. 

s-stj^ maharib. 
Alter, v.a. j^ gayyar, yugayyir ; 

JJ4 badal, yabdul ; baddal, yu- 

baddil; n. j<*s tagayyar, yata- 

Alteration, a. j«** tagyir; ^*» 

Altercate, v. £fr naza', yunazi' ; 

^►^ 6ajar, yu^ajir, ^ ladd, ya- 

Altercation, 8. £cjU* munaza'a-t ; 

S^-lA^ mu^ajara-t ; ^ ladad. 
Alternate, v. s-*to> taqallab, yata- 

qallab ; s-iU? ta'aqab, yata'aqab ; 

j^ J4A 'amal bi - 'd - daur, 

Alternately, adv. j^W bi-'d- 

daur ; &eiViu3l| bi-'l-mu'aqaba-t. 
Alternative, «. (choice) J^^ ih- 

tiyar; S«^ hira-t; v>^^^ inti- 

Altitude, «. J^ 'alii-w ; gVtf%^ irti- 

Always, adv. WW dayiman; Jc 

f>\)<£\ 'ala-'d-dawam. 
A.M. (Arlium magister) ff*R fl*+ 

l**sy\ mu'allim al-'ulum al-ada- 

biya-t. — (Anno Mundi) &.& w 

^%JU3\ min takwin al-'alam. — 

(Ante Meridiem) ]&&\ J<i qabl 

Amalgam, 8. 8W-\y ^jW3\ l^^\ 

vjM^\ ihtilat al-ma'adin bi-w&- 

sitat az-zibaq. 

Digitized by 





Amalgamate, v. q*>\*<A\ Ua- balat 

al-ma'adin, yabluj. 
Amanuensis, *. s-*?tf katib (pi. 

s^ kuttab) ; £~U nasib. 
Amass, t;. e** jama*, yajma' ; jJ 

lamm, yalumm ; f>? kawwam, 

Amateur, a. ^M. gawi (pi. «a>\** 

guwat); s-JVL talib (pi. *t>&> 

tullab) ; ^ h-^j ragib fi. 
Amatory, adj. <j*^ 'a&q; 0*** 

Amaze, v. j#» bayyar, yubayyir; 

s~*ȣ 'ajjab, yu'ajjib ; ,J**S\ ad- 

bai, yudbis\ 
Amazement, *. S^a. l^ira-t; 

'ajab ; s-^*? ta'ajjub. 

Ambassador, *. ^- safir (pi. \yk- 

sufara); Jj-j rasul (pi. J-j 

rusul) ; JUj* marsal (pi. J*~V* 

marasil) ; <^V ilcbi-y (pi. &*^)\ 

ilcbiya-t, Turk.). 
Amber, s. (yellow) ^*y^ kabru- 

man; tas kabruba (vulg. W/ 

Ambergri8, 8. j*** 'ambar; f\*- j*& 

'ambar bam ; j*** 'abir. 
Ambiguity, *. fiLja>\ istibab ; l±&6 

ta'qida-t; pi&\ ibbam; <j*W^\ 

tj***^ iltibas al-ma'na. 
Ambiguous, adj. ^j raibi-y ; 

^5***^ (jmfjl* multabis al-ma'na ; 

c5 *** mu'amma ; **X£a* musak- 

kak ; f*** mubham ; 0**** ^ 

zu ma'nen. 
Ambition, *. Lj* bugya-t; fcUxrt 

intifah; g*L tama* ; &♦* him- 

Ambitious, adj. g*ll {ami' ; JUL 

tamma ( ; &+* ^ zu bimma-t. 
Amble, v. s-^ habb, yabubb ; J^yfc 

barwal, yubarwil. 
Amble, s. s-^ babab; fl^y* bar- 

Ambulance, s. yL**M Uyi &to naq- 

qala-t li-murada al-'askar; ^ 

(^>^»%^^ ^/»N 'araba-t al-mu- 

ra4a wa- 1-niajruhin. 
Ambuscade, Ambush, 8. &*** ka- 

min; *y. c^ mat rat bftna-t 

(pi. t^VU ma{arib) J^ kaid. 

Ameliorate, v. ^ sallab, yusal- 

lib; ^M a^lah, yuslih; £^« 

sahbah, yusahhih; J^ a'dal, 

Amelioration, 8. &?** taslih ; 

t$*>\ islah ; Ji J«? ta'dil. 
Amen, 8. {$#•} amin. 
Amenable, adj. (responsible) s-JU>* 

mu^alab ; Jj*-^ mas' ul. — (govern- 
able) &!*• mutf'; •>** yuqad (3 

aor. pass.). 
Amenability, 8. £<JUa* mutalaba-t ; 

&£ySZ~* mas'uliya-t. 
Amend, v. Amendment, 8. see Ame- 
liorate, Amelioration. 
Amends, s. {compensation) SUX» 

makafat ; &*jU* mu'awa^a-t ; 

\ff* 'iwad (pi. jAjd a'wad). 
Amenity, 8. &J lazza-t (pi. **A& 

lazzat, $*)& lazayiz) ; iivW lata- 

Amerce, v. &+ij+}\ **?& ^j& qada 

'ale-bi al-jarima-t, yaqdi. 
Amethyst, s. q\&/ karkaban ; s*S/ 

karkand ; f»y*W jaballaqum. 
Amiable, adj. J)-*- 3 -* maqbiil; 

*T>fs*>» mahbub; «-Aj^ la^if (pi. 

^<U li^af). ' 
Amiableness, Amiability, a. UhU 

lu^f; A*^Jlatafa-t. 
Amicable, ad;. <j«**\ anis; *-AjJ 

la^if (pi. «-i^ litaf) ; w-*^* mu- 

Amicableness, 8. *>\j* wadad; 

£*^» mubabba-t; ^^w la^afa-t; 

jU^ &je~ subula-t al-ablaq. 
Amid, Amidst, prep. W-j ^y f i wast ; 

(^ ben, bain ; ($* min. 
Amiss, adv. ^-3\ a«m J^ 'ala wajb 

as-su; ^iU3 it bi-'l-bilaf. 
Amity, s. l*y muwadda-t; &***• 

Ammunition, a. 8^0 zabira-t (pi. 

^jU-3 zahayir) ; AiVa^. jabbana-b 

(Per 8.). — (ammunition waggon) 

s^yj\ hf 'araba-t al-^arb. 
Amnesty, s. f\* yke 'afu 'arnm; 

^U\ aman ; &£*• mutaraka-t. 
Among, Amongst, prep. {&* bain ; 

^ U ma bain ; (^ U J> fl mA 

bain; <$*• min. 

Digitized by 





Amobous, adj. <J*Vc <iUiq (pi. jUc 

'ussaq) ; <JjA£* masgM. 
Amorousness, a. <>^ *i£q ; '<-*** 

sagaf ; &*^* muhabba-t. 
Amount, v. £l* balag, yablug. 
Amount, a. *W jumla-t; £l** 

mablag (pi. g\*» mabalig). 
Amphibious, adj 9 ^^ ^ barri-y 

Amphitheatbe, a. g;^ •*«*• maq'ad 

bi-duraj ; &^«* ma'araka-t (pi. 

*4>U* ma'arik) ; ^J^ maidan 

(pi. c^W* mayadin). 
Ample, adj. £-\j wasi' ; £*~j wast* 

(pi. £U> wisa'); s-^j rahib; 

E*"» * fasih. 
Ampleness, Amplitude, a. &u.j 

wus'a-t ; £*~ si'a-t ; £*,~i fasha-t. 
Amplification, a. £*-»/ tausi* ; 

J*y»» tatwil.— (m worda) &^U 

ifcala-t ; Itiiy mubalaga-t ; J*** 

Amplify, v. £-j wassa', yuwassi* ; 

g\* balag, yubalig; *>\j zad, 

Amputate, a. \y& gSai qa$a* 'ad wan, 


Amputation, 8. ^»i qat*. 

Amuse, v.a. J- salla, yusalli ; u*^ 

anas, yunis. — (one's self) Ji~J 

tasalla, yatasalla ; )*~*i\ imbasat, 

yambasit ; Sy* tanazzah, yata- 

Amusement, 8. &JL-J tasliya-t ; £*y 

nuzha-t ; i\~~,i\ imbisa^. 
Anachbonism, 8. &fly&\ o* ^ 

galat fi-'t-tawarih. 
Anagbam, 8. ^jA+ld lafz maqlub ; 

s-^» qalab. 
Analogical, Analogous, adj. 

*t*-U* munasib ; s-^^* muta- 

nasib; &*\&f musabih; <j-W* 

Analogise, v. w^-i nassab, yunas- 

Analogy, a. £*-U* munasaba-t ; 

s-*-^* tanasub. 
Analyse, v. J-* fassal, yufassil ; 

*r>f\ a'rab, yu'rib ; J^ tall, ya- 

Analysis, a. (grammatical) **>\fb 

i'rab. — (chemical) J*-tf tafsil ; 

J- hall ; JM inhilal. 
Analytical, ad/. <JL> halli-y; 

^5^*-^ tafyili-y. 
Anabchic, Anabchical, adj. ^ac 

^J\ 'adim al-hukm ; f!kA\ ^y 

muzil an-nizam. 
Anabchy, a. ^J\ j^c 'adam al- 
hukm ; (J^yiS taSwte; Jte±\ ih- 

tilal ; ty* ) &)* harj wa marj. 
Anathema, 8. f^ hirm, hurm (pi. 

f»/»- hurum, p^ hurum) ; 2jj& 

la'anat ; (<fi qa$*. 
Anathematise, v. ^ haram, yah- 

rim j ^«J la'an, yaTan. 
Anatomical, adj. ^f^s tairihi-y. 
Anatomise, v. c/» £arrah, yu^ar- 


Anatomy, 8. ^r^^ (^* i ^ m &t-ta£- 

Ancestob, 8. <*+ jadd (pi. »>^ ju- 

dud, »>\^ ajdad); UdL salaf 

(pi. ^iSU sullaf, ^iX.\ aslaf). 
Ancestby, 8. j\ al (pi. Jty awal) ; 

s-^-i nasab (pi. s->*— ^ ansab); 

J*^S^ al-awayil. 
Anchob, s. SL-^ mirsat (pl/cr*V* 

marasi); s-ifc halb (pi. s^^ 

hulub, ^Jt\ ahlab). 
Anchobage, a. ^j-y marsa (pi. 

is*\f marasi). 
Anchovy, «. hfA anjuya-t. 
Ancient, adj. ^Ai qadim ; &** 

4 atiq (pi. jUc 4taq). 
Ancients, «. Uxs)\ al-qudama; 

J£)N al-awayil. 
And, conj . ) wa. 
Anecdote, 8. &*& qissa-t (pi. ^j*** 

qi?as) ; k^- hikaya-t (pi. k^ 


Anemone, s. jM*» Saqiq (pi. dM^ 

Anew, adv. *&<**• ^ min jadid. 

Angel, s. «t\U malak ; d%» malak 

(pi. &*%• malayika-t). 
Angelic, Angelical, adj. ^s^U 


Anger, a. s-^fc ga<Jab; M gaiz; 
^ feulq; OM* tanaq; W* 

Digitized by 


Ano] 15 


Anger, v. ttM agftz, yugtz. ; s-uM 

agdab, yugdib; b**\ ahfaz, yuh- 

Angle, a. Wj zawiya-t (pi. V*^j 

zawaya); ^5 qurna-t (pi. <J\f 

qarani). — (for fishing) S;U* sin- 

nara-t (pi. «t>> at, and yU* 

sananir) ; £*i^ balii* (pi. *Jta 

Angle, v. c«U-* ju*» tasayyad 

8amak, yatasayyad. 
Angry, adj. ^W-** gadban. 
Angular, adj. k\)) ^ zu zawaja. 
Anguish, s. *ja £idda-t (pi. j*\ja 

sadayid) ; v»/ karb ; &** diqa-t ; 

**r>\J**\ idjirab ; ^UM { J>^\ inqi- 

bad al-ha$ir. 
Animadversion, s. (observation) 

&*>X» mulahaza-t. — (censure) f£ 

laum, lom ; £*.x* mazzama-t. 
Animadvert, v. (turn the mind to) 

^aJ dl* JLc\ a 'ta bfilbu li-se-y, 

yu'ti; t-»-^ lahag, yulabiz. — 

(blame) &* wabbah, yuwabbih ; 

^3 lam, yalum. 
Animal, s. ($\yt*» haiwan (pi. cyUU**. 

haiwanat); &-*U dabba-t (pi. 

v»\j J dawwab) ; (*& babim (pi. 

piw bahayim). 
Animal, adj. o>V** haiwani-y. 
Animalcule, s. ^^ huwwain (pi. 

*A>Wy»- ljuwwainat). 
Animate, v. ^-^ ahya, yuhyi. — 

(encourage) <jb** harrad, yuhar- 

rid, s-*; raggab, yuraggib. 
Animate, adj. ^ bayy (pi. \&A 

ahya) ; Cj; ^ ?u ruh. 
Animated, adj. (lively) **** nabih ; 

sj»y** basus; q\£* batran; N-»jk 

Animation, s. <j*Aju$\ inti'jU. — 

(liveliness, spirit) &&>\&* ba£a£at; 

tU* naiat ; &J^ hadda-t ; tyy* 

Animosity, 8. &*»U£ kaiaha-t ; *+* 

kaid ; J* gill ; ja*. haqd. 
Ankle, s. s-^ ka'ab (pi. s-»^ 

Anklet, s. Jail*, balhal (pi. J^)^ 

halahil, J*£u halahil). 
Annalist, 8. tfy muw'arrih. I 

Annals, a. (fyf tawarlh ; Ji^\ ah- 

Annex, v. <J\ «jU\ adaf ila, yucjif ; 

<Jastt albaq, yulhiq. 
Annexation, s. &l^ idafa-t ; &*k) 

ziyada-t; jWH ilhaq. 
Annihilate, v. vJ^* mabaq, yam- 

haq ; mahhaq, yumahhiq ; y<* 

damar, yadmur; dammar, yu- 

dammir; *\>\ 'abad, yu'bid ; p±&\ 

a'dam, yu'dim. 
Annihilation, s. <j-*-* mahq; 

j\+* mubaq ; y*+<£ tadmir ; S S^\ 

Anniversary, s. ^y^- j^ 'aid 

Annotate, v. c/» 6arah, yairah ; 

^— i fassar, yufassir. 
Annotation, s. c/» 3arh ; jt-JS 

taf sir ; S*aU* hiUiya-t (pi. ^^ 

Announce, v. p±\ ahbar, yubbir ; 

y*± habbar, yuhabbir ; ^\ a'lam, 

yu*lim. — (good news) jM baSsur, 

Announcement, s. ;W ibbar, ^y 

tabbir ; (*A*s ta*lim ; pb\ i«lam. 
Annoy, v. $*)\ az'aj, yuz 4 ij ; Jcj 

za u al, yuza"il ; s-*>\ at'ab, yu- 

t*ib ; J*\ amall, yumill. 
Annoyance, s. &b> saqla-t; s-*> 

ta*ab; u^jA* taiwis ; &%• ma- 

Annoyed, adj. ^Jbj za 4 lan. 
Annual, adj. ^^u. sanawi-y ; ^J^ 

Annuity, s. ^y- & *> daf * sanawi-y ; 

^y-» sanawiya-t. 
Annul, v. £*~} nasah, yansah ; JW 

baUal,yubattil ; JM abtal,yubtil. 
Annular, adj. j^ mudawwar; 

^Ai-^ mustadir; MJ\ J^> 

bisikl al-halqat. 
Annulment, s. ^— i nasb; JJ<^ 

tabtil ; J^^ ibtal. 
Annunciation, s. see Announce- 
ment. — (feast of) SjU^\ jua 'aid 

Anoint, t;. ^j daban, yadhun ; 

dabhan, yudahbin ; ^-—« masab, 


Digitized by 





Anointed, 8. £6~*tt al-masty. 
Anomalous, adj. yf>&\ •** Qidd 

al-qanum; l*y**+ pA ger matfbut ; 

pjtL* ytft ger manzum. 
Anomaly, s. fUtf ^ 'adam nizam ; 

W* &* qillat dab*. 
Anon, adv. A\J\ ^ ft-'l-hftl ; 3^ 

Mian ; teeu ^ min sa'at-bu. 
Anonymous, adj. J*£ gufl (pi. J^ 

agfal) ; ,*-3\ ^A^ muhfi-'l-ism, 

f*<W J?**"* majbul al-ism; ^ 

JU-\ katim ism-bu. 
Another, adj. y*k ger (pi. j^\ 

agyar) ; /*\ ahar ; f . ^/A ubra 

(pi. &jl\ abarin, /^ uhar, «4)W 

Answer, v. s^W jawab, yujawib ; 

s-»M ajab, yujib. — (be surety) 

JaT kafal, yakful ; t>*-* damin 

Answer, s. s^j* jawab (pi. %a>\ 

at, %^ ajwibat) ; **jV» mu- 

Answerable, ad/, (wfcatf may 6e 

replied to) v>\j*^ J*^> qabil al- 

jawab. — (responsible) er*^ 4 a - 

min ; J** kafil (pi. ** kuf ala'). 
Ant, «. iUi namla-t (pi. J** naml, 

JUi nimal). 
Antagonism, s. **j^ hu?uma-t ; 

SjU* mudaddat ; **J^ dudiyyat. 
Antagonist, s. ^-**- ba§m (pi. f\**»\ 

abeam) ; (**<*» hasim (pi. U— s. 

hueama; a* didd, dudd (pi. 

J\j^ acjdad). 
Antagonistic, adj. ^*^ 'ada- 

Antarctic, 007. ^j**^ v*WM jjW* 

mujawir al-qu^b al-janubiy. 
Antecedent, 8. ?<&• muqaddam. 
Antecedent, adj. f.Wtt* mutaqad- 

dim ; v5*^- sabiq. 
Antediluvian, adj. q^^ J** &• 

min qabl a|-tufan. 
Antenuptial, adj. u-^ J* 5 &" 

min qabl al-'urs ; c^^ J*S <^ 

min qabl an-nikab. 
Anterior, adj. «J*U sabiq; [••***• 

Anthem, s. e**~? tasbih ; &*>** 

madiljat (pi. e*^ madayib). 

Antic, ad;. *W*» mu4tfr> **-*^ 

Antic, s. ^— * masbara-t (pi. 

^Uw« masanir). 
Antichrist, s. JW*d\ fcc ~» fl al- 

masib ad-dajjal. 
Anticipate, v. J*- sabaq, yasbiq ; 

sabbaq, yusabbiq, b bazz, ya- 

Anticipation, s. <J**~ * tasbiq. — 

(expectation) Jk&\ intizar. 
Antidote, s. jV tiryaq ; ^~tt •** 

dudd (didd) as- samm. 

Antimony, s. JW**^ J** kuW 

isfabani-y ; ±*$\ ismid, usmud ; 

«t^-.U\ ^^ hajar ar-rasubt; 

yy+zsA antimun. 
Antipathy, s. &*>\/ karabat; 5y» 

Antipodes, s. Wa^^J SjU* ^j%\ (jjVC 

snkkan aJ-ard mudadda-t liba'- 

Antiquarian, Antiquary, a. ^JVc 

^jjC\ ^l>^l^ 'alim bi-'l-agar al- 

Antiquated, adj. %3y*~~+ masbuq ; 

j»jJU^ mutaqaddim. 
Antique, adj. ^4^ qadim (pi. U^i 

qudama) ; <3<^ 'atiq (pi. jUc 

'itaq, ^c 'utaqa). 
Antiquities, s. *+i*&\ )W\ al-asar 

Antiquity, s. l^\^\ JW^\ al-ajyal 

al-baliya-t; MU)\ JW^ al- 
ajyal al-macjiyat. 
Antithesis, s. a* didd, dudd. 
Antler, s. Jty^ oj* qarn al- 

Anvil, s. ^juu. sandan (pi. t>**>U- 

Anxiety, *. j*± cjajar ; 8^* duj- 

ra-t; ^ qalaq ; ^ hamm (pi. 

f]+jt> humum). 
Anxious, adj. s^ 8 -^ mu^tarib ;j»^* 

mukaddar. — (desirous) ^fat * 

mu^tabi ; ^ s-^^ ragib fi. 
Any, adj. q& ^ <J\ ayyu m& kan, 

yakun ; q\£ W« mabma kan. 
Anybody, Anyone, s. ^ J^kull 

man ; ^ ^\ ayyu man. 

Digitized by 





Anyhow, adv. *y*jH er* **•# bi- 

wajh min al-wujuh. 
Anywhere, adv. Uo^ aina-ma ; ^ 

q\Z g*y <j\ fi e mauda* kan. 
Anywise, adv. £ty3\ ^ gyt* bi-nau' 

min al-anwa*. 
Aobist, 8. £j\A" mudari*. 



Apace, adv. J*>*^ bi-'l-'j 


Apart, adv. "tayu* munfaridan ; 

a^yw* a*A> J* kull wahid bi-mu- 


Apartment, s. &>)\ auda-t (pi. 

<j6^ uwad) ; o^j bait (pi. «y)rf 

buyut) ; Sjj-aJU maqaura-t ; &M> 


Apathetic, adj. &W+^ ^i^ 'adim 

Apathy, 8. &\~A\ +m 'adam al- 
mubala-t ; *<>h balada-t ; ^ 
Ape, 8. *>^i qird (pi. J^l qurud) ; 
Or*** maimun; ^ja- sa'dan 
(pi. ^i*^*- sa'adin). 
Ape, v. & qallad, yuqallid. 
Aperient, a. J$«~* mushil; &£+ 
mulayyin ; J«— * \y» dawa mushil. 
Aperture, a. <W* fathat ; J/- 
harq (pi. J^ huruq) ; v-iu* 
manfas (pi. ^-JU* manafis). 
Apex, a. e^ auj ; <j*\> r'as (pi. u*^\ 

arus, (j-jj; ru'us). 
Aphelion, a. &* ^>fl\ «**» ,j*i\ 
(.r*-^ aqsa bu'd al-ard min a£- 
Aphorism, a. J** masal (pi. JW 

amsal) ; ^ ra'y (pi. \>\ ara). 
Apiary, 8. J^» manhal. 
Apiece, adv. **A) J& li-kull wahid. 
Apish, adj. JkU* muqallid. 
Apocalypse, 8. Jrv^ ^^ j^* ^j 
ruya mar yohana ar-rasul ; s->^> 

ir-* ?lfy ^ kitab abukalibsis ; 

«- ft i*-6 taksif ; ^W^- jalayan. 
Apocryphal, ad/. ^* munkar (pi. 

f^» manakir) ; s-**/« marib. 
Apologetic, Apologetical, adj. 

^Jue^ i'tizari-y. 
Apologise, v. ^ tabarrar, yata- 

barrar ; j±**\ itazar, yatazir. 
Apologist, 8. ^Vft. hami. 

Apology, 8. {excuse) S>J«* ma'zarat 
(pi. jS\ju» ina'azir) ; j\Aze\ i'tizar. 
— (defence) SUV^* muhama-t. 

Apoplectic, adj. <j*£~ sakti-y. 

Apoplexy, 8. &*£- sakta-t ; &<*+& 

Apostasy, 8. &<A\ &* *A^\ irtidad 
'an ad-din ; &<A\ )\&\ inkar ad- 
din ; ytf kufr ; »W*. jahd. 

Apostate, 8. &>&\ djti tank ad- 
din ; tfj" murtadd. 

Apostatise, v. (ji^\ ^ ^ irtadd 
'an ad- din, yartadd. 

Apostle, 8. <^;V- hawari-y (pi. 
C#!)V^ a * " bawariyun) ; J*-j 
rasul (pi. J-j rusul) ; c*L salih. 

Apostleship, 8. & — J^j rasala-t; 
&yj rasuliyya-t. 

Apostolic, Apostolical, adj. Jrt) 

Apostrophe, 8. ^>U^ muhataba-t ; 
IM- hutbat (pi. s-U hutab). — 
(the mark) £* &f± haraka-t 

Apostrophise, v. s-^^ hatab, yu- 

Apothecary, 8. ^yA ijzaii-y; 
^s^o saidalani-y (pi. &a\*± 

Appal, v. Jj* hawwal, yuhawwil ; 
s-^ ar'ab, yur'ib. 

Apparatus, a. «^ alat; Sjl-c 
'udda-t (pi. *>J* 4 udad). 

Apparel, 8. ^-^ libs ; &>*) badla-t ; 
s-»W> siyab or s-»V^ a ? wa b (pi. of 

Apparel, v. {j~*} labbas, yulabbis ; 

^5-^ kassa, yukassi. 
Apparent, adj. y^Vk zahir; ^-*^ 

Apparition, 8. (phantom) JV^s. 

hival; obUta'if (pi. u\jL tuw- 

Appeal, v. y£\ ^U J\ &s^ gj^ 

rafa* da'watbu ila hakim akbar, 

yarfa' ; *i>^ gawwas, yugawwis. 
Appeal, 8. (for mercy) &\**J\ 

istigasa-t ; y£\ f*X\c* <Ji\ S^cj ^ 

raf da'wat ila hakim akbar. 
Appear, v. ^ zahir, yazhar; ^l| 

ban, yabin ; c^ lab, yaluh. 


Digitized by 





Appearance, a. (look) ^ zuhur ; 

^ zahir; l )y o sura-t ; q\& ba- 

Appease, v. fc>£~ sakkan, yusak- 

kin ; ^^a hadda, yuhaddi ; ^J^\ 

ahda, yuhdi. 
Appellant, a. — cu* munda'i ; 

v ^^to » mustagig ; Ajy>*> g*\j 

rafi' da'wat-hu. 
Appellation, a. ^-t ism (pi. U-\ 

asma, ^U\ asami) ; fin ». l ? tas- 

Appellative, a. u *a^5\ ^ ism al- 

Append, v. <j\* 'allaq, yu'alliq. — 

(add) U\*\ adaf, yudif. 
Appendage, a. Appendix, a. & ♦- , »■♦* * 

4amima-t (pi. ^JU* dama'im) ; 

Ji^ zel, zail (pi. J^3 zuyul, J^\ 

Appertain, v. <j** hass, yahuss; 

s— ^\ intasab, yantasib. 
Appetite, a. J*\ u**** nafas akl ; 

\&*>\ istiha. 
Applaud, v. J <3&*> saffaq li, yu- 

saffiq ; Jk> hallal, yuhallil ; .3u** 

habbaz, yuhabbiz. 
Applause, a. vJk*-* tasfiq; J*l$* 

Apple, a. &»-te tuffaha-t (pi. tte 

Appliance, a. &*~j wasila-t (pi. 

J*~j wasil, Jfl-j wasa'il). 
Applicable, adj. v3*^* mu^abiq; 

<3^y* muwafiq. 
Application, a. « J » ? Vi ? tatbiq ; 

mu|abaqa-t. — (study) 
j\qx+\ ijtihad ; a^ jahad. — (for 
a place) s-<& talab. 

Apply, v. (a law, &c.) <J*1=> Jabbaq, 
yu^abbiq. — (employ) J**s-^ ista'- 
mal, yasta'mil. — (apply oneself 
to) *&*\ ijtabad, yajtahid ; <**& 
taqayyad, yataqayyad. 

Appoint, t). imS +~> samma, yusanimi, 
J«* ja'al, yaj'al; & qallad, yu- 
qallid ; s-^ nasab, yansub. 

Appointment, a. s- ****** niansab (pi. 
s-^l** manasib) ; &*kj wazifa-t 
(pi. «-tfU>j wazayif). — (for a 

meeting, &c.) j\&\ ittifaq ; 

raa'bad ; *>U** mi'ad. 
Apportion, v. ij^ hass, yahuss ; 

yj***» hassas, yuhassis ; ^-a» qas- 

8am, yuqassini. 
Apportionment, a. tei/s tafriqa-t ; 

( n*~B taksim. 
Apposite, adj. <jfc$ layiq ; &\y 

muwafiq ; s-~l** munasib. 
Appositeness, a. &*— U* munasa- 

ba-t ; &u\y muwafaqa-t. 
Appraise, v. f~ sa"ar, yusa"ir ; 

(^ saramau, yusainmin ; jJu> 

qaddar, yuqaddir. 
Appraiser, a. J$o dallal ; y-** 

Appraisement, a. ^>**** tahinin ; 

j**~> tas'ir; £<& taqdir ; Zx& t lS 

Appreciable, adj. ^JA*5\ y£++ 

mum kin al-taqdir. 
Appreciate, v. y*\ a'azz, yu'izz ; 

p**\ i'tabar, ya'tabir. 
Appreciation, a. &*<ssN &yi* ma'ri- 

fa-t al-qima-t; ^ys? taqwim ; 

{$*+£ tasmin. 
Apprehend, v. (understand) ^ 

fahim, yafham , v* ^ fa^in bi, 

yaftan; djS\ adrak, yudrik. — 

( fear) «-*W haf, yahaf ; gy faza 4 , 

yafza*. — (seize) ceL-^ masak, 

yamsik; ^ j^i qabad 'ala, 

Apprehension, a. (conception) ^ 

fahm; f*&} wahm. — (fear) <Jy± 

hauf, hot* ; iiUy* mahafa-t. — 

(seizure) ,J^ qabd. 
Apprehensive, p*& fahim; J*lc 

%il. — (fearful) «-Afti ha'if; 

<-*tf» hawif. 
Apprentice, a. ,*Ux* muta'allim ; 

&*\j*° ^ Xn*\5 talmiz fi samVa-t 

(pi. ±**)5 talamiz). 
Apprenticeship, a. J*s ta'allum. 
Apprise, v. ^ habbar, yuhabbir ; 

^4-^ ah bar, yuhbir. 
Approach, v. s-*/ qarib, yaqrab; 

v»y^ iqtarab, yaqtarib ; Vs*> 

dana, yadiiu. 
Approach, a. v»\^5\ iqtirab ; Jy^o 

^\ dahul ila ; s-»/ qurb. 

Digitized by 





Approachable, adj. v>V*^ J*- 

sahil al-iqtirab. 
Approbation, see Approval. 
Appropriate, v. {set apart) { J± 

halla, yuhalli ; {j-& 'ayyan, yu- 

'ayyin. — {take possession of) 

< «U ♦ ? *\ istamlak, yastamlik ; 

Jyu.\ istaula, yastauli ; ^J^ls-t 

istalhaq, yastalhiq. 
Appropriate, adj. o — W layiq; 

s-*~U* munasib. 
Appropriateness, s. &-— U* muna- 

saba-t ; &&\y muwafaqa-t. 
Appropriation, s. **3JUL.\ istim- 

lak ; &*U> hassa-t ; j*~c& tahsis. 
Approval, Approbation, s. 

^■■ ■ ^; „ \ istihsan ; s^j*^ istis- 

Approve, v. &~»**:~*\ istahsan, yas- 

tahsin; s^* 8 -^ ista§wab, yasta§- 

Approximate, v.a. v»y qarrab, yu- 

qarrib; n. v^ lqtarab, yaq- 

Approximate, adj. s-s^* qarib ; 

^j*jB taqribi-y. 
Apricot, s. < L*JL±* mu^muk-t (pi. 

^ ■■•■■ ^" * muSmns') ; (J^ nis. 
April, a. ^W* nisan. 
Apron, s. aLj* fu^at (pi. I J fuwa-t) ; 

py** mihzam (pi. fjW* maha- 

zim) ; jjS* mi'zar (pi. fi\* ma'- 

Apt, adj. (J^y muwafiq; &$ la- 
yiq ; s-*~^ munasib ; j*^ 

Aptitude, Aptness, s. &i~U* mu- 

nasaba-t ; &WJ liyaqa-t ; WjU 

Aqua fortis, a. s-JUlt Utt al-ma al- 

Aquariu8,«. J^\ eyburj ad-dalw; 

Utt s-A- sakib al-ma. 
Aquatic, Aqueous, ad/. ^U ma- 

yi-y (vulg. ^U mawi-y). 
Aqueduct, s. UM <4;%* majra al- 
ma; SUi qana-t, £*UJ qanaya-t 

(pi. Ui qina, «t>^U5 qanawat) ; 

<jb* qari-y (pi. kj»\ aqriya-t, 

^v^j quryan). 

Aquiline, adj. ^y^i nasri-y. 
Arable, adj. *£>/*: yuhras. — {arable 

land) *±>/«* u 6j\ ard tuhras, Ac). 
Arbiter, Arbitrator, s. J^ J*£> 

wakil 'urfi-y ; ^Vl qacu (pi. 

SUi quda-t) ; W-j wasit ; ^U 

Arbitrariness, a. ^ zulm ; ^e* 

qahr ; jW**^ ihtiyar. 
Arbitrary, ad/, (despotic) ^^ 

zalim ; ^tf qadir. — (auided by 

will) j^*** muhtar; <4;H>*^ ihti- 

Arbitrate, v. Ui^e ,*£&. hakam 

'urfiyan, yahkum. 
Arbitration, ^f- f£*- hukm 

Arbour, s. &Mj* 'ariSat (pi. <J*\]* 

Arc, s. )*>&+ ^a. hatt muqantar; 

S^\jN £«Li qafat ad-da'irat. 
Arcade, a. a^\^c i^a* §aff 'awamid. 
Arch, s. lf>j* qausara-t (pi. ^y» 

[awasir) ; 2^* qantara-t (pi. 
»U qanatir) ; jU» {aq (pi. SVi\L 


Arch, a^/. «-A^i zarif ; cJ^y la(if. 
Arch, prefix, <j~S\ ra'is. 
Archangel, a. KEUtt ^^ ra'is al- 

Archbishop, s. Z&\~$\ v-is ra'is 

al-asaqifa-t ; q\}** mu^ran (pi. 

&j&+ matarina-t, &ijb+ mata- 

Archer, s. <j*\j* qawwas (pi. &~\£ 

qawasa-t, (^*-\y qawwasin) ; ^\j 

rami (pi. SUj ruma-t). 
Architect, s. ;U** mi'mar; *W 

banna* (pi. ^*W banna'un) ; 

<j*ju$* munandis. 
Architecture, a. W3\ ^Jlc 41m al- 

bina ; SjU«X^ al-^imara-t. 
Archives, a. cr - t! tyfi\ &U*> hizana-t 

al-qaratis ; %»UjJ\ Sip. hazna-t ad- 

dafatir; AiCs. ytfj daftar hana; 

(jj^o diwan (pi. &fa dawa- 

win) ; jU£ kinar. 
Archness, a. iA^» zarifa-t. 
Arctic, adj. ^Ua ^amali-y. 


Ardent, od;. ^ab- 
Mini ; j^ tarr. 

suhn ; ^^ 

Digitized by 




[A KB 

Ardour, *. **- harr; fyj* harara-t ; 

vt*j* 6auD. — (zeal) S^ gira-t. — 

(of love) *** wajd ; ^$^ jawa. 
Arduous, adj. s-**-> sa'ab (pi. s-»^** 

si'ab) ; w— * 'asir ; J£^** mus- 

Area, a. ^.U sahat (pi. w&>\ at, t^» 

sah, Cj~ suh) ; S^s—i fusha-t ; 

&^e 'arsa-t). 
Arena, *. ^a** maidan; &f* 

ma'raka-t (pi. dj** ma'arik). 
Argue v. (discuss) ^^ bahas, 

yubahis. — (reason) £*^- hajaj, 

Argument, s. (controversy) *^^. 

bahs (pi. v*>W;\ abhas) ; SjtL* 

munazara-t. — (reason) *^ huj- 

ja-t (pi. *<**. hujaj).— (subject) 

*±-^** mabhas, oj*-** madmun 

(pi. <^ # ^* mad am in). 
Argumental, Augumentative, 

adj. ^W* qiyasi-y. 
Argumentation, s. o^*s taba- 

Arid, adj. ^w^ yabis ; «-AaU nasif ; 

JeA* qahil ; y&* muqfir. 
Aridity, Aridness, s. u*** yabs ; 

£~jrt yabusa-t ; &<*•* nasfa-t ; 

&j^3 quhula-t. 
Aright, adv. v3^^? bi-'l-haqq ; 

v^jjCf bi-'§-?awab. 
Arise, v. *%V» qam, yaqum. — 

(ascend) &* tala', yajla' ; ^*-» 

sa'id, yas'ad. 
Aristocracy, s. jW>\ f£*# tahak- 

kum al-akabir ; j^\ W—> tasal- 

lu£ al-akabir ; jiW\ )&** jamhur 

Aristocrat, s. j*\&\ ^ ahad al- 
Aristocratic, Aristocratical, 

adj. ±J\j*$\ (*£*» u^Kyahu?? hukm 

Arithmetic, s. sy»\-»J\ f)* 'ilm al- 

hisab; ^\ ^ 41m ar-raqm. 
Arithmetical, adj. ^ye— ^ muha- 

Arithmetician, s-*^-*^ f*W «Jj;^ 

'arit* bi-'ilm al-hisab ; s-*~W* 

muhasib ; ftfj raqqam. 
Ark, s. (of Noah) cj*^ &**- safi- 

na-t an-Nuh. — (of the covenant) 

j&&\ &f\S tabut al-'ahd. 
Arm, s. f1>i zira' (pi. £)S\ azru') ; 

J^L. siVid (pi. ±&\y~ sawa'id). 
Arm, v. A* sallah, yusallih. — (one- 

8tl f) c£~> tasallah, yatasallah. 
Armament, s. &**f- &\y&r tajhizat 

Armistice, s. &*>W* muhadana-t ; 

26j\s* mutaraka-t ; t^~^ £*j raf a' 

Armorer, Armourer, s. t&- sal- 
lah ; ^asW £U*> sanna* asliha-t. 
Armory, s. c^~^ &f- hazna-t as- 
Armpit, s. W\ Sju nuqra-t al-ity. 
Arms, s. yl. t*- silah (pi. £^i~\ 

asliha-t). — (coat of arms) (*$* 

s-*~jJ\ 'alayim an-nasab. 
Abmy, s. <J~s* jais, jes* (pi. u^f**- 

juyus) ; ^~* 'askar (pi. ^i~* 

'asakir); •**► jund (pi. *y«* 

juniid, *>W\ ajnad). 
Aroma, s. &&}) rayiha-t (pi. &\y 

rawayih) ; f* *atar. 
Aromatic, adj. }** mu*attar. 
Aromatics, 8. s-»W a^yab; j^oc 

*utur ; js*\** *aqaqir ; c^^^iac 

Arouse, v. df* harrak, yuharrik ; 

*x-3 nabbah, yunabbih. 
Arraign, ^ ^^\ i^taka 'ala, 

yastaki; v» f*v taham bi, yat- 

Arraignment, h\£* sikaya-t. 
Arrange, v. s-^j rattab, yurattib ; 

f& nazzam, yimazzim ; W« 'aba, 

ya 4 bu. 
Abrangement, 8. s-y/ tartib; 

f^s tanzim ; p\k& nizam. 
Arrant, adj. ^ waqih (pi. cVij 

wiqah) ; i«&- safih (pi. W*-» su- 

Array, v. <-A* ^aff, yasuff ; s^?j 

rattab, yurattib. 
Array, s. «-A*a^ masaff; uu §aff 

(pi. ^y- sum). 
Arrears, 8. ^j*^ baqi ; %^X^ baqi- 

Arrest, v. <J& ^/M qabad 4 ala, 

yaqbid ; »sX— • masak, yamsik. 

Digitized by 





Arrest, *. &±y± hausa-t ; aX— • 

mask ; <>** qabd. 
Abbiyal, s. Jj*>j wu8ul; *>^ 

wurud ; fytf qudiim. 
Abbiye, v. J*} wasal, yasil; g* 

balag, yablu^ ; J**\ aqbal, yuq- 

bil ; *)) warad, yarid. 
Abbogance, s. j+& takabbur, j&r 

tajabbur, j^ 4 atw, 'uttuw. 
Abbogant, adj. y*£z+ mutakabbir ; 

j*^z+ mutaj ihbir ; U^*^ mu- 

Abrogate, v. ^j\ idda'a, yadda'i. 
Abbogation, v. Vcj\ iddi'a. 
Arrow, s. ,»**• sahm (pi. fW~ 

siham) ; A»Ui nus^aba-t (pi. s-*^ 

nussab) ; J-J nabl (pi. JW* 

Absbnal, 8. c^utt J* dar as-silah ; 

A»U*-;> tars-hana (Per*.). — (o/ 

artillery) #V*jL top-hana. 
Arsenic, a. £j^j zarnih ; JUJU 

Absenic, Absenical, adj. ^^-afc^j 

Art, 8. i*io san'a-t (pi. gjU-a gana- 

yi') ; (^ fann (pi. (^ funun). — 

(cunning) &«*> hila-t (pi. Je** 

$iyal) ; /*• makr. 
Abtery, 8. (jjVjjA Saryan (pi. u*^;A 

£arayin) ; ^\j rafiz (pi. y U> rawa- 

fiz) ; v^ darib (pi. s->JV* da- 

Abtful, adj. J6* makkar; JU^* 

Artfulness, 8. & -t j &* makariya-t ; 

JW*^ ihtiyal. 
Article, s. (clause) iyfr Sart (pi. 

1m/i £urut); S^U madda-t (pi. 

•>ij* mawadd). — (merchandise) 

cJUo sanaf (pi. ^J^o\ asnaf). 

— (in grammar) &***H al-ma'ri- 

fa-t ; *-A*>«N uy* harf at-ta'rif ; 

fMj utftf al-alif wi-'l-lam. 
Abticle, v. 1>j*> sarat, yasrut- 
Abticulatb, v. 1*5 lafag, yalfig ; 

b*M\ {fei bayyan al-lafz, yubay- 

Abticulatb, adj. (distinct) &f> 

sarih ; ^ bayyin. — (jointed) 

J*a* mufassal. 

Abticulatbness, *. I&Att talaffuz ; 

Abticulation, 8. (distinctness) ^5 

talaffuz. — (a joint) J-»A* mafsil 

(pi. J*^* mafasil). 
Abtipice, s. &**• hila-t (pi. Jt^ 

hiyal) ; &**&• makida-t (pi. J^VX* 

Abtificeb, Abtisan, *. g>U> sani' ; 

&cU* s-^^-o sahib sana'a-t (pi. 

£>UJ\ s-*U»*\ ashab as-sanayi'). 
Abtificial, adj. ^Ukc\ i§tina'i-y ; 

tJUc 'amli-y ; £*-*• musanna*. — 

(fictitious) )fi-" muzawwar, 

&**• musanna*. 
Abtillebist, 8. o^^ 9 topji. 
Abtilleby, s. (guns) s-*^4» t u ^ab 

(for &£> \Turk.) ; ^aJ\ al-ma- 

dafi*. — (/Ae <rot*p) &-t%J° topji- 

Abtless, adj. &>U sadij; ^w^ 

Abtlessness, *. ^»W basata-t; 

Wju. sadaja-t. 
As, conj, d ka ; J^» migl. 
Ascend, i?. *^** sa'id, yas*ad; gU» 

tala', jatlu* ; tali', yatla 4 . 
Ascendency, s. p±B taqaddum ; 

s-J^5 tagallub. 
Ascension, *. (feast of) £^j^ Jus 

'aid al-irtif a' ; ^^\ j^c ^aid as- 

Ascent, s. ^^*-> sa'ud, su'ud. — 

(hill) S^-lfi 'uluwa-t (pi. ^Ac 

'alawi-y) ; J? tall (pi. A%> tilal, 

J^ tuliil). 
Ascebtain, v. <3&* haqqaq, yu- 

Ascebtainment, s. ij*8c* tahqiq. 
Ascetic, s. ±*>\) zahid. 
Asceticism, s. *&) zuhd ; SjVaj za- 

hada-t; <**y tazahhud. 
Ascbibe, v. J**- hammal, yuham- 

mil ; ij\ s-^— * nasab ila, yansub, 

yansib ; ^j**. hassas, yuhassis. 
Ascbiption, 8. »>^— \ isnad. 
Ash, *. ^iU«3\ ^UJ ij^jb, sajara-t 

lisan al-'asafir. 
Ashamed, adj. ^Vy*- hazyan ; ($%*£■ 

hajlan ; J^«e» mahjul. — (to be 

ashamed) J>*> hajjil, yahjal j 

Digitized by 





»s-\ ista^a, yastahi, s^j 

wa'ab, ya'ib; %+>*\s\ itta'ab, yat- 

Ashes, 8. *A*; ramad ; £— ©a* safi- 

ya-t ; Syu eafwa-t. 
Ashore, adv. y^\ ^ fi-'l-barr; ^ 

J^Utf fi-'s-sahil. 
Ashy, adj. ^^i ramadi-y. — (grey) 

«j5*W*~ sinjabi-y. 
Aside, adv. s-^*- ^jl* 'ala jamb ; 

±jjk> <Jn. «ala taraf . 
Asinine, <4;^°- himari-y. 
Ask, v. (question) ( *} te ~ \ istafham, 

yastafhim ; j ~ to~A istafsar, yas- 

tafsir. — (beg) J C U. sa'al, yas'al ; 

s-U» {alab, yatlub. 
Askance, Askant, adv. *^Vc 'ari- 

datan ; u\^ bi-'nhiraf ; *\*j*s* 

Aslant, adv. "Uy** mu'taridan. 
Asleep, adv. *W^ na'iman. 
Asp, Aspic, *. ^\ af'a (pi. <jeM 

afa'i) ; w*>l*J\ **U* malik al-hay- 

Asparagus, s. 0j*1a halyun, hil- 

yaun ; f*j*l* halyum. 
Aspect, «. **« wajh (pi. *j+\ ujuh, 

8^^ wujuh, &+£ aujuh); ;k* 

manzar (pi. ^^ manazir). 
Aspen, *. &\f*J>\ jf^\ al-haur ar- 

Asperity, s. &j£a. hu£una-t ; l*»\f- 

Asperse, v. ^»; rass, yaru^ ; \j»J° 

{arai, yatros\ — (slander) ^J* ^ 

namrn *ala, y aim mm ; { J^ i*sj**\ 

iftara 'ala, yaftari. 
Aspersion, s. <J~Aj tars*is\ — 

(slander) \j&\ iftira; &+*+* na- 

Asphalt, s. j**- humar ; ;*♦*■ hu- 

mair ; ^^\ ytf qafr al-yahud. 
Aspirant, s. s-J& tfdib (pi. W&> 

talaba-t, s->^ ^ullab) ; J^*inurid. 
Aspirate, v. a~ a J£* ^ lafaz bi- 

kull nafas-hu, yalfuz; ^ 1*5 

ij^)\ lafaz min al-halq, yalfuz. 
Aspiration, s. (ardent wish) ^jt 

garad (pi. \J>^\ agracj) ; (guttu- 
ral pronunciation) <jl*)\ if 1*5 

lafz min al-halq. 

Aspire, v. ^ u***^ nafas fi, yuna- 

fis ; •v-B qasad, yaqsud ; ^e*^ 

i£taha, yaitahi. 
Asquint, adv. *$f»\ ahwalan. 
Ass, *. jUa. himar (pi. j*+*- hamir). 

— (she ass) q\s\ itan (pi. q/s\ 

Assail, s. (*+* bajam, yahjum; 

J**» hamal, yahmil (both with 

Jtc 'ala). 
Assailable, adj. ^M f^W^ o^* - 

mumkin al-hujum alehi. 
Assassin, s. J*VI qatil (pi. JUS 

quttal) ; J^i qattal, J^** mug- 

tal; *aX>U f&tik. 
Assassinate, v. Jjtf qatal, yaqtul ; 

«fi)tfi fatak, yaftik. 
Assassination, s. J*S qatl; **Xx* 

Assault, v. f*+* hajam, yahjim. 
Assault, s. fy+*> hujum ; ^^a haj- 

ma-t ; aU*w hamla-t. 
Assay, v. j** *ayyarS yu'ayyir ; *ak- 

hakk, yahakk, yahukk. 
Assay, s. ^ 'iyar. 
Assemblage, Assembly, 8. &W 

jama*at; g ♦ » - majma* (pi. 

^•V* majami') ; cr^^ majlis 

(pi. <j~3l** majalis). 
Assemble, v. a. £*+ jama', yajma' ; 

n. £***A ijtama 4 , yajtami*. 
Assent, v. ^j radi, yarda; J^J 

qabal, yaqbal. 
Assent, s. J^J» qabM ; ^; rida. 
Assert, v. ^3 za'am, yaz*um ; £ 

qarrar, yuqarrir. 
Assertion, *. taqrir ; ^ za'm. 
Assess, v. *-Ajw ^\ alqa takalif, 

Assessment, s. <- * l£& taklif (pi. 

«-&JUo takalif) ; (j-X» maks (pi. 

\j*£* mukus) ; ^-j rasm (pi. fy~j 

Assessor, 8. u^W jalis ; ^^i qadi 

(pi. SUi qud&t). 
Assets, 8. wyWy^j* maujudat. 
Asseverate, v. p~* *> (**) za'am bi- 

qasam, yaz'um. 
Asseveration, >**& takid; «i>W$\ 

is bat. 
Assiduity, 8. i^\j^« mudawama-t j 

Digitized by 




[A ST 

&*Mj* muwagaba-t; *>^*^ ijti- 
Md ; *M» taqayyud. 
Assiduous, adj. *&**+ mujtahid ; 
w£\y muwazib; fj^ muda- 
Assign, v. {$e* 'ayyan, yu'ayyin; 
fj^»6. hassas, yuhassis ; J^- haw- 
wal, yuhawwil. 
Assignable, adj. & && &\ <j£+* 
mum kin at-ta'yin ; Jij^sft J*Vs 
qabil at-tahwil. 
Assignation, 8. &\f* hawala-t. 
Assignee, s. Jflj wakil. 
Assimilate, v. M» sabbah, yu- 

sabbih ; J^« mas sal, yumassil. 
Assimilation, s. &**& taibih; 

J~U» tamsil. 
Assist, v. yj^ 'awan, yu'awin ; J^U 
sa'ad, yusa'id; tj& <** sadd 
zahra-hu, yaiidd. 
Assistance, s. &j** ma'una-t ; ^J* 
'aun ; •*>** madad ; y* nasi* ; 
fa f L»^ musa'afa-t. 
Assizes, s. q\)**R ^ nazir al- 

Assizes, SUaJ\ lt^* majlis al- 

Associate, v. /Ac 'asar, yu'a&r; 
J*U Sakal, yusakil; UU halat, 
juhalit (all three with the ace. 
of the person) ; a** Us±\ ihtalat 
nia'ahu, yahtalit. 
Associate, 8. v5^ rafiq (pi. Vai^ 
rufaqa, cJVi^ arqaf ) ; s-^-^» sahib 
(pi. vW»\ ashab. — (partner) 
<skj± sank (pi. V^a. suraka). 
Association, s. -SjAU* mu'asara-t ; 
&*^e a uhba-t. — (in a commercial 
sense) aSjA sirka-t. 
ASSORT, v. fy nawwa', yunawwi* ; 
J£M aikal, yu6kil ; s-**j waddab, 
Assortment, s. s-**-*/ taudib; 
&}£ tanwi* ; ^^ &**» jumla-t 
Assuage, v. ^ layyan, yulayyin ; 
ij£~ sakkan, yusakkin; «-*&&. 
haffaf, yuhaffif. 
Assume, v. (suppose) \J>£ farad, 
yafrad ; )<& qaddar, yuqaddir. — 
(take upon oneself) &A ahaz, 

ta'huz. — (claim) ^*y\ adda'a, 
yadda'i. — (presume) y& takab- 
bar, yatakabbar; j&f tajabbar, 
yatajabbar; ^A> tafahhar, yata- 

Assuming, adj. ui ^ u* muta'ajrif ; 
y*£z* mutakabbir; ^afcta* muta- 

Assumption, s. &»\ ahz ; *i\**\ 
ittihaz. — (supposition) ^-^ 
qiyas.— (feast of) £top\ J^ 'aid 

Assurance, s. Ju£\J ta'kid; jkte* 
tahqiq. — (promise) **y wa 4 d.— 
(trust) JK?\ ittikal ; JSTy tawak- 
kul. — (boldness) S1^ jara'at.— 
(insurance) *y-£y-~ saukira-t ; 
5jL^3\ ^*4-i» tadmin al-hasara-t ; 
&)£** sikurta, 6^i ) ^ t B \^ m 

Assure, v. <& akkad, yu'akkid. — 
(promise) ^ wa'ad , ya*id ; J^ 
ta'ahhad, yata^ahhad. — (insure) 
fy~ saukar, yusaukir ; SjU^l\ ^j, 
damman al-hasara-t, yudammin. 

Asterisk, s. l^\ i^ara-t. 

Astern, adv. J>y3\ ^ fi-'l-kausal ; 
\jy wara. 

Asthma, 8. U ~*A\ &u> diqan-nafas; 
yj rabw, rabu ; v»/ karb (Syr.) ; 
«^ lahsa-t. 

Asthmatic, Asthmatical, adj. 
v~*A\ iJh* dayyiq an-nafas; 
u ~mS\ ^3^ { Js+* mubtala bi-diq 

Astir, adv. *^^s* mutaharrikan. 

Astonish, v. ijut>j\ adhas, yudhi^ ; 
Ja j\ azhal, yuzhil ; s-^^fi 'ajjab, 
yu'ajjib ; p^ hayyar, yuhayyir. 

Astonishment, 8. vyu> ta*ajjub ; 
i^-Aj dahsa-t; ^ > -^ hira-t, 
haira-t; v»^^-^ istigrab. 

Astound, v. ^ hayyar, yuhayyir. 

Astounded, &*U samih. 

Astray, adv. *SU dallan. 

Astride, adv. "VW*\ if jajan ; "V\j 


Astringent, s. <J*\* qabid (pi. 
*>W& qabiclat). 

Digitized by 





Astrologer, 8. (*+** munajjim. 
Astrological, adj. o*J^ nuju- 

A8TEOLOQY, 8. (**+ u &\ jJc <jlm at- 

Astronomer, 8. j «£Ud\ ^ u^U 

(•j^d\ 'arif bi-'ilm al-falak wa- 

'n-nujuni ; ce\UJ\* j,***. habir bi-'l- 

falak ; te*t}\ ^3Vc 'alim al-haiya-t. 
Astronomical, adj. ^^i falaki-y. 
Astronomical table, s. J^ jad- 

wal (pi. JjW jadawil) ; £>j zij 

(pi. «^W^ zij at). 
Astronomy, fj^b i£Ua5\ ^Jlc <ilm 

al-falak wa-'n-nujum ; &2^\ ^ic 

41m al-haiya-t. 
Astute, adj. ^03 fatin ; Ja*tt ^to 

zaki-y al-'aql ; &~y Ja\ ahl 

firasa-t. — (crafty) }£• makkar. 
Astuteness, s. <sJai fitna-t ; &~\j* 

firilsat. — (craftiness) y£* makr. 
Asunder, adv. *\S\j*\ infiradan. 
Asylum, 8. ^* malja (pi. '^JU 

malaji') ; *%• malaz (pi. 3^JU 

malawiz). — (for lunatics) Vfc£J\ j\j 

dar as-sif a. 
At, prep. v> ba, bi ; ^J* 'ala ; <£ 

lad ; ^ f i. 
Atheism, s. &\ *f*y )\&\ inkar 

wujud allah ; *M\ ($y^ nukran 

allah ; y£ kufr. 
Atheist, s. &&\ >y^^\i nakir wujud 

allah ; ^ kafir (pi. jut kuffar). 
Atheistical, ad;. /*>*• munkir. 
Athirst, adj. gUJac 'atsiin (pi. 

^U* 'atasa, o*^* %U). 
Athlete, 8. ^^e* pahluwan (Pers. 

pi. e*J*^ pahalawin) ; £>U* 

musari' ; ^aa sadid. 
Athletic, adj. <^y> qawwi-y ; {m £* 

Athwart, adv. *Uy** mu'taridan ; 

"U^u* munharifan. 
Atlas, s. (maps) q)\^\ py*) Zy*** 

majinu* rasum al-buldan; s-*^ 

Lr .lL ; 25\ kitab al-qirtas. — (silk- 
satin) v~UA a^las. 
Atmosphere, s. ^\ al-jaww ; \^\ 

al-hawa; \^\ fy*U dayira-t al- 

Eawa ; Cj 5 luh, lau^. 

Atmospheric, Atmospherical, 

adj. o^y^ hawa'i-y. 
Atom, *. fy zarra-t (pi. *sA -at, 

ji zarr); W* haba (pi. W^ 

Atomism, s. ^ ^JUH s-^/ h-**^ 

JjAJJ yfcj^tt mazhab tarkib ai- 

*alam min aj-jauhar al-mufrad. 
Atone, v. (^ f& kaffar 'an, yu- 

kaffir ; y f±s~\ istagfar min, 

Atonement, s. S^ltf kaffara-t ; 

j*A& takfir ; jU»s*.\ istigfar. 
Atrocious, adj. (horrible) &tj£ 

karih ; *yfi* makruh ; £*-a* sani 4 ; 

«^yu*« mamqut. — (cruel) ,^-VS 

qasi ; ^3^» zafim. 
Atrociousness, Atrocity, s. £*Ua 

^anii'a-t; S^-*^ kabira-t. 
Attach, v. (3-J lassaq, yulassiq ; 

^ rabat, jarbut ; *>* iadd, ya- 

Attachment, *. (affection) &+*+ 

muhabba-t ; Sjy» mawadda-t. 
Attack, (+***> hajam, yahjum ; J^- 

hamal, yah mil. 
Attack, s. fy*& hujitan ; &W ham- 
la- 1. 
Attain, v. JV3 nal, yanal ; ^ J*^ 

hasal 4 ala, yah sal. 
Attainable, adj. y~v muvyassar ; 

J^*^J\ (j&++ mumkin al-husuL 
Attainment, s. Jj*^ husul ; Je-*** 

tahsil. — (proficiency) J^* fadl 

(pi. J^A fudiil, JUi\ afdal). 
Attempt, v. j^. jahad, yajhad; 

^ aqzsA ijtahad fi, yajtahid ; 

s-* (***\ ihtamm bi, yahtamm ; 

i^s* o*- - sa ' a fi> yas*a. 
Attempt, *. ^^ sa*i ; J^- jahd ; 

*>W^ ijtihad; ^ jidd; «**»! 

Attend, v. (accompany) s-^-^» 

sahab, yusahib. — (be present) ^- 

hadar, yahdur. — (listen to) £+*~\ 

istama*, yastami 4 ; i*~4 nasat, 

Attendance, s. ;^ hudiir; ^-J^ 

hidma-t. — (retinue) s-^y* inau- 

kab (pi. s-^\y« mawakib) ; ^A^ 


Digitized by 




Attendant, g. f^W hadim (pi. 
f*^ huddam, f*j*. hadam, &»J** 

hadama-t); #U tabi r (pi. gj -un, 

£*? taba', g»y tawibi 4 .) 
Attention, g. U»\ i'tina ; J^JB ta- 

qayyud ; fUx&\ ihtimam. 
Attentive, adj. J^ ^ wa'i <ala ; 

v o^*** mu'tani bi; ^ .**&• 

muqayyad fi. 
Attenuate, t;. «jij raqqaq, yuraq- 

qiq ; 4_aU laftaf, yulattif . " 
Attenuation, g. &*y tarqiq ; 

*-A*H? taltff . 
Attest, v. »*e* sfohid, yashad (with 

v bi and <jie 'ala). 
Attest, Attestation, g. 6*>^a» 6a- 

hada-t; j\^ iqrar; *jz>IJ\ isbat. 
Attic, g. &».Uj fasaha-t. 
Attire, u. ^-J labbas, yulabbis ; 

t-£ kasa, yaksu ; ^3 zayyan, yu- 

Attibe, g. s^ siyab ; v>y\ aswab ; 

&i\ zina-t ; <Jo* hali (pi. of &ak> 

Attitude, g. WW hala-t ; &«* 

hi'a-t ; 5^«i qi'da-t. 
Attorney, g. J**j vakil (pi. *Kj 

Attorneyship, s. &\f) wakala-t. 
Attract, v. s-*V jazab, yajzub, 

yaizib ; v>x^ ijtazab, yajtazib ; 

s-i* jalab, yajlub, yajlib. 
Attraction, g. v>^^^.\ istijlab ; 

v>^J^^ injizab. 
Attractive, adj. s-JW jalib ; v>»*W 

Attractiveness, 8. b^W jaziba-t ; 

irf^W jazibiya-t. 
Attribute, v. s-~~ * nasab, yansib. 

— (grammatically) juu\ asnad, 

Attribute, 8. (quality) &* sifa-t ; 

£*W hassa-t ; <-A-e>j wasf (pi. «^t*^ 

ausaf). — (in grammar) > \ » ■■■» 

Attune, v. *W Jj* 'addal al-ala-t, 

yu'addil ; *Mi jla fodd al-autar, 

yasldd; e^i aslah, yuslih. 
Auburn, adj. j+~\ asmar, f. \p*- 

■amri (pi. ^4— sumr). 

Auction, g. *>yJW &** bai'at bi-'l- 

mazad ; g>^ tahrij ; $\f> baraj. 
Auctioneer, g. JSj dallal (pi. 

^^ dallalin) ; jl~*- samsar 

(pi. J-.U— samasir). 
Audacious, adj. (daring) y-W jasir ; 

jy~* jasur. — (impudent) M- 

safih ; ^ waqilu 
Audaciousness, Audacity, g. SjL^ 

jasara-t; fy* jur'a-t; &&UL. safa- 

Audible, adj. Zy+~" masmu. 
Audience, g. (admittance to a hear- 
ing) &*&• muqabala-t; &&Ay 

muwajaha-t; SViJU mulaqat. — 

(assembly of hearers) <j~lq»* maj- 

lis ; <^*VJ\ al-Mdirun. 
Audit, s. «t^L~^J\ yo^i fahs al- 

Audit, v. s-**— ^ {j*^ fahaa al- 

hisab, yafhas. 
Auditor, 8. (hearer) ^»U. sami'; 

£ *z~* mustami*. — (examiner of 

accounts) «wW^— J^ i»)*"\ amin al- 

hisabat; uy&-» muirif. 
Auditory, g. u-^»^ majlis (pi. 

tr-JV* majalis); ^^*LJ\ as-sa- 

Auoht, Ought, s. ^ £e-j. 
Augment, v. ^j zawwad, yuzaw- 

wid ; j£ kassar, yukasgir. 
Augment, Augmentation, s. 8^j 

ziyada-t ; ^^)\ izdiyad. 
Augur, s. JUJ\ ^U fatih al-fdl ; 

cJ^ 'arraf (pi. &\j£ *arrafa-t) ; 

JV^ rammal. 
Augur, v. JW ^ fatah al-fal, 

yaf tat ; v^e* 5 ^ ^Z 5 'arraf al-gaib, 

Augury, 8. J^ fal ; ^j zajr. 
August, adj. JVc 'ali ; J«l* jalil ; 

^c 'azim. 
August, s. ^r>\ ab ; u*yu.jM agiis- 

Aunt, g. (paternal) &*c 'ammat.— 

(wa^er^aZ) ^3^s- hala-t. 
Auricle, g. qS\ uzn (pi. q\&\ azan). 
Aurora, g.^ fajr ; ^^^ v3^ ^aqq 

al-fajr ; £#0 subh. 
Auspice, g. MU fal. — (at^gpicgg, 


himaya-t ; 


Digitized by 





SUV** muhamat; SjlcL-* mu- 

Auspicious, adj. .***- sa'id ; ->j*~ * 

mas'ud ; J*A* muqbil ; ytt* hair. 
Austere, adj. ^j^ sarim (pi. rfr* 

sawarim) ; u~*^ 'abis (pi. u^jfi 

'awabis) ; s-*** sa'b. 
Austerity, a. *M^> sarama-t ; Sja 

iidda-t ; hj**> sa'uba-t. 
Authentic, adj. £**»« saljih ; c^l» 

sabit; y3&*f muhaqqaq; (jfl*?" 

Authenticate, v. £*-• sahhah, 

yusahhih ; <J&»- haqqaq, yuhaq- 

Authenticity, v. o^-» sihha-t; 

&**»• haqiqa-t. 
Author, s. «JtfU mu'allif; i-A^o* 

Authorisation, 8. J^^s tafwid ; 

j^-f tarhis ; q$\ izn. 
Authorise, v. jAi qaddar, yuqad- 

dir ; J\ J>£ fawwad ila, yufaw- 

Authority, s. &AL* sultana-t ; S^oi 

qudra-t ; j\<uS\ iqtidar ; ){*x*\ 

i'tibar. — (authority referred to) 

*Aj—\ isnad. 
Autocracy, s. ft ftx—* folaL . sultana-t 

Autocrat, s. Jft£~* ^VUL- sultan 

Autograph, s. ^ ^ hatt yadd. 
Autumn, 8. »-**/- harif ; *-*ij^\ J-«i 

fasl al-harif. 
Autumnal, ad}. ^^ harifi-y. 
Auxiliary, adj. s. j*k nasir (pi. 

j\«i nus§ar, yd nasr, nusar,jV<art 

ansar) ; <#^** mu'awin ; **eL-* 

Avail, v. (oneself) &* *>Vax^ ista- 

fad min, yastafid ; v> 8**^ in- 

tafa' bi, yantafa'. — (be of use) 

J gtf nafa* li, yaufa*. 
Avail, 8. gtf nafa', naf ; Sj^U fa- 

yida-t; 8*A*\ ifada-t. 
Available, adj. ***** mufid; g*Vs 

nan' ; j*>VS qadir. 
Avarice, 8. &~± hissa-t ; £♦!» tama* ; 

d\~*\ imsak. 

Avaricious, ad;. £*»* Tahiti ; Jt^. 

bahil ; < j ~ <~~* hasis. 
Avariciousness, *. J*: buhl, 

bahal ; &-L-4. hasasa-t ; tJ&H Jj** 

juniud al-kaff. 
Avaunt, interj. t) rult ; <^>~\ imii. 
Avenge, v. f\* sa'ar, yas'ar; ±*\ 

j\A\ ahaz as-sar, yahuz. 
Avenue, s. (passage) ^y maurid 

(pi. *>jV» mawarid) ; **** manfaz 

(pi. AiU* manafiz). — (of trees) 

hy+fi* s'ajariyya-t ; j\^M «~&-o gaff 

as jar. 
Aver, v. rf qarrar, yuqarrir; Jtf 

akkad, yuakkid; <jM^ haqqaq, 

Average, s. l*-« wasat- 
Average, adj. *~yt* mutawassit- 
Averment, s. tj*** 5 taljqiq; J^ 

ta'kid ; «Atft isbat. 
Averse, adj. (disinclined) ^i nafir 

(pi. y» nuffar, ji>\f nawafir). — 

(unfavourable) *-il\i* muhalif. — 

(be averse) ^ p nafar min, 

Aversion, s. &*>\£ karaha-t; i^ 

Avert, v. **)\ ab*ad, yub'id ; »Jy*- 

harraf, yuharrif. 
Aviary, 8. ;jj» ct-^ bait tuy ur ; e^ 

Jr jt> burj tuyur (pi. ttf buriij). 
Avidious, adj. £~&> timmi* ; q\*J* 

^arhan ; ^y* haris. 
Avidity, s. 8*6^ sahwa-t; g4l 

tama' ; tVcUi tania^at ; &*\j* 

saraha-t ; yp^ hirs. 
Avocation, s. J*a &ugl (pi. JUa\ 

a^gal); aIaa-. maigala-t (pi. 

j£U*» masagil). 
Avoid, v. s-^^\ ijtanab, yajtanib ; 

tajannab, yatajannab ; j$ 
hazar, yahzar; u*f* taharras, 
yataharras (the last three with 

Avoidance, s. v»^*Hjtinab; j*W 

Avouch, v. *S\ akkad, yu'akkid; 

^s^J sabbat, yusabbit; &*t*\ 

asbat, yusbit. 
Avow, v. uy:c\ i'taraf , ya'tarif ; /\ 

aqarr, yuqirr. 

Digitized by 





Avowal, a. u\~z\ i'tiraf ;^f\ iqrar. 
Await, v. ^s-fistanzar, yastanzir ; 

J&\ intazar, yantazir. 
Awake, v.a. &* fayyaq,yufayviq ; 

4W nabbah, yunabbih ; *-%$ 

aiqaz, yuqiz ; n. &**\ intabah, 

yantabih ; jU f &q, yafiq ; ±***~\ 

istaiqaz, yastaiqiz. 
Awake, adj. ,3-ft* fayiq; *-*** 

Award, v. J p&* ^akam If, yah- 

Award, s. (*&* hukm (pi. *&*\ 

ahkam) ; Ui qa<Ja (pi. &*& aq- 

Aware, adj. £&*• muttali; &*&* 

Away, adv. Ju«* ba'id ; interj. t) 

ruh ; A-^ \mi\. 
Awe, 8. l**b haiba-t ; 2*\q+ muha- 

ba-t ; yeif tauqir ; f\/oA ihtiram. 
Awe, v. s-**6» tahayyab, yatahay- 

yab ; U>y- hawwaf , yuhawwif . 
Awful, adj. UL-*afc* muhayyif; 

J*** majaffil ; Jj«* mah&l. 
Awfulness, 8. £«* haiba-t. 
Awhile, adv. *$J^ muddatan ; '&** 

ytjktt ^ habbatan min ad-dahr. 

Awkward, adj. (m&& gaSim ; i^»/* 

AWKWARDNE88, *. ***y^ gU8&- 

Awl, 8. )f*~ mihraz, mahruz (pi. 

j;U^« mahariz). 
Awning, 8. &♦**• haima-t ; &k* 

mizalla-t (pi. w\ -at, JUfc* 

Awry, ad/. Sj** mu'awwaj ; ^5^U 

Axe, 8. u- c U fa'as (pi. y-/^ fu'us) ; 

**V farra'at; &i* bal^a-t (pi. 

Uj bulut). 
Axiom, s. Z**\i qa'ida-t (pi. ^y 

qawa'id) ; ^i qadiya-t (pi. 

C-4S qadaya). 
Axis, *. s-ki qutb ; &*k* qu^ba-t 

(pi. s-ki qutub). 
Axle, Axle-tree, a. j^» mihwar 

(pt. j;U^ mahawir). 
Ay, adv. f*> na'am. 
Aye, adv. - U*U dayiman ; 1«fc>\ 

Azure, 8. ^^— o^ laun samawt. 
Azure, adj. ^5 J j;j^ lazwardi-y ; jy\ 

^U— azraq samawi-y. 


Babble, t>. u*d laqas, yalquS ; o^\ 

abaqq, yubiqq ; fI*N £ kagsar 

al-kalam, yukag§ir. 
Babble, 8. <J* baqq ; J^i fait; 

£«1* gaJaba-t. 
Babbler, 8. <JK <J* laqq baqq ; JV 

qawwal; \f>\& laqqas; p&\ j*& 

ka§ir al-kalam. 
Babe, 8. J& tifl (pi. JW atfal) ; 

j-a- j3j walad sagir (pi. jU- j$^ 

aulad sigar). 
Baboon, «. ej*** maimiin (pi. 

^^•W^ mayamin). 
Bacchanal, 8. br&* mairaba-t (pi. 

s^Ia* maiarib). 

Bacchanalian, 8. ^A suraba-t 

s^Aj* ^arrab ; j«^- sikkir. 
Bachelor, *. v»j^ 'azib (pi. s^)* 

*uzzab); v>^ a*zab (pi. <^>* 

*uzban. — (academic title) i£j***^* 

Back,'«.^ zabr (pi. ^ zuhdr.) 
Back, adv. \» <J\ ila wara ; \ } } li- 

Backbite, v. ,J*y waia, yaii. 
Backbiter, «. ^^ wa^i (pi. «*Uj 

Backbone, ^\ ^ haraz az-zahr ; 

j&&\ JUL. silsila-t az-zahr. 
Back-door, *. ^^ v»W bab has s. 

Digitized by 



Backslide, v. «tf^ irtadd, yartadd. 
Backslider, s. <&f murtadd. 
Backstairs, e. ,jpU. s ; j daraj bass ; 

y* {X* sullam sirr (pi. JJ)Ju 

Backward, adj. qX~£ kaslan (pi. 

<J*~* kasla, JU* kasala) ; J*e* 

muhmil ; J^$x* inutahaoril. 
Backward, Backwards, adv. ^ 

\# min wara. 
Backwardness, s. JUa\ ihmal; 

J*W» tahamul. 
Bacon, s. SJU* ^yA. iy*i fahza-t 

hinzir mumallaha-t ; jty*£\ (**** 

sahm al-hinzir. 
Bad, adj. <^*>j radi-y (pi. k^\ ar- 

diya) ; JLU <atil ; ^ Jarir (pi. 

j^\ aSrar) ; ^ sarr ; e«i qabih. 

— (sick, ill) J±iy marid. 
Badge, $. &*l* 4 alama-t (pi. s*>\ -at, 

f*$* 'alayim) ; ^Ui nisan ; gU** 

nisan (pi. (^Ui nayasin). 
Badger, s. yj>jl\ jUc «anaq al-ard 

(pi. (J^*\ a'naq, j^c 'unuq). 
Badness, 8. j* sarr ; Sj\ **> radawa-t ; 
hubs. ; &W<*- habasat ; k*W5 

Baffle, v. s-^- hayyab, yuhayyib ; 

JW baftal, yubattil. 
Bag, 8. s->\^- jirab (pi. £j*^ ajri- 

ba-t) ; %f~ hurj (pi. %\yS ahraj). 

— {small bag) w*** kis (pi. y-C^ 

Baggage, 8. <J»J labas* ; &\f* ha- 

wayij ; JU*^ ahmal ; J^»\ agqal ; 

v»W asbab. 
Bag-pipe, ^** 'unnaiz (pi. ^>>Uc 

'ananiz) ; ^S qirba-t. 
Bail, v. Jtf kafil, yakful; Ja# 

takaffal, yatakaffal. 
Bail, s. jltf kafil; ^U (Jamin; 

(£*♦-* damin. 
Bailiff, «. £♦£** J^-j nisul ma^ 

kama-t (pi. J-j rusul) ; J*** 

Bait, s. £-*&> {u'mat (pi. f *-«l 

Bait, v. ^ ta"ain, yuta"im ; v»^ 

jazab, yajzib. 
Bake, v. (bread) y^ habaz, yahbiz ; 

28 [Bal 

habbaz, yuhabbiz. — (fish, etc.) 
iji qala, yaqli ; qalla, yuqalli. 

Baker, *. jW*- habbaz; y\jl far- 

Bakery, Bakehouse, s. j*afc* mah- 
baz (pl.yU^ mahabiz). 

Balance, 8. (scales) ($\yt+ mizan 
(pi. *a>U^** mizanat, ^j^y* ma- 
wazin). — (large ones) &W> qab- 
bana-t. — (equilibrium) &j\y mu- 
wazana-t ; £-J*>U* mu'adala-t ; 
^VL-i qistas. — (balance of ac- 
counts) *r>l~+}\ J**** mi'dal al- 
hisab ; s->^-^ •*-**; rasid al- 
hisab. — (surplus) tjto talawa-t. 

Balance, v. (in walking, etc.) yz*\ 
ihtazz, yahtazz ; g>^ irtajj, yar- 
* a jj > J**** tamayal, yatamayal. 
— (make equal) <^L. sawa, yu- 
sawi ; ^5^-. sawwa, yusawwi. — 
(settle accounts) s-*^— J^ j=^ 
hallas al-hisab, yuhallis. 

Balcony, s. ($#** & > sahnisin (Pers.) 
&i\U\ jLj^ mangar at-t»qa-t (pi. 
^iU# manajir). 

Bald, adj. ^>\ asla', f. UU ^al'a 
(pi. £U 9 ul0; ^ ajlah; £^\ 
aqra', f . \*y qar'a (pi. £/ qur*, 
e^ qur'an). 

Baldachin, s. J*\j~ siradiq (pi. 
«^\ -at). 

Baldness, s. &° sala* ; &J* jala- 

Bale, s. Sj^ farda-t (pi. ^*>y fa- 
radi, *\/\ afrad) ; i}\* balu^ (pi. 
^V bawalit) ; &")) rizma-t (pi. 
fy rizam, razam, ruzam). 

Bale, v. (bundle up) py* hazam, 
yahzim ; hazzam, yuhazzim. 

Baleful, adj. u*** nahis ; »*Ue- 
muhlik ; y*+ mu^inr. 

Balefulness, s. (j~c* nabs; && 

Balk, v. s^s*- hayyab, yuhayyib. 

Ball, *. (to play with) fy kurra-t ; 
i»U» ^aba-t (pi. reg. and v*^ t u - 
wab). — (for fire-arms, &c.) fi^ 
killa-t (pi. J^kilal) ; UU; ra*a- 
?a-t. — (dancing) ^j ) crW* 
majlis wa raqs. 

Digitized by 





Ballad, 8. U£ gina (pi. ^J\t\ 

agani) ; &*xt ganniyat (pi. jUfc 
Ballad-maker, e. fb* ik'ir (pi. 

V* Su'ara'). 
Ballast, *. Sj***» tasbira-t; S>j** 

Ballet, *. v/^ raqs ; ^jy^ yoij 

raqs ramuzi-y. 
Balloon, *. &»y^ £*U» $aba-t man- 

fuhat ; \j*> & qubba-t hawa\ 
Ballot, *. W kurra-t. 
Ballot, «. */h s-afc^ intahab bi-'l- 

kurra-t, yantahib. 
Balm, *. ^y» marham (pi. j**V* 

Balmy adj. (soothing) ^ layyin. 
Balsam, 8. (*~k balsam (pi. p~h 

balasim) ; <y^— W balsan, bala- 

Balsamic, atf/. ^54—1* balsami-y. — 

(odoriferous) }**+ mu'attar. 
Baluster, Balustrade, 8. ei)*V 

darabzin (Per*.). 
Bamboo, *. ^V^ haizuran (pi. 

;jW*» hayazir). 
Ban, #. f^ hirm ; &**& la'nat. — 

(bans or banns) e^j 5UU* ma- 

nadat zawaj. 
Ban, v. (£«i la'an, yal'an ; **1* ^ 

da'a aleh, yad'ii, yad'i. 
Band, s. (fillet) **Ue 'asabat (pi. 

s~iUa£ 'asayib, s~** *usab) ; &W) 

ribata-t. — (Jroop) A*W jama'a-t ; 

^•3 zumra-t (pi. yy zumar) ; 

4j- surba-t (pi. s^r* surub, 

v»\y-^ asrab). 
Band, v. (unite) vy** tahazzab, 

yatahazzab ; ***** tafcaiiad, yata- 

Bandage, s. ^^ frufaz (pi. «*Aito»- 

fcnfaza-t) ; U|> ribat (pi. Wj 

rabut) ; ^ lafafa-t (pi. Ufctf 

Bandit, *. o*V* barami-y ; 0*^ 

qafi-y (pi. £^ qutta 4 ). 
Bandy, *. &\*}y saulajaa (Pers.). 
Bandy, v. j&\ ^^ rama al-kurra-t, 

yarmi. — (dispute) J*>W jadal, 

Bans, 8. (poison) p~ samm (pi. 

fj*~ sum&m). — (anything perni- 
cious) &&&• mahlika-t. 
Baneful, adj. (poisonous) ^— • 

musimm. — (pernicious) «*U$* 

muhlik ; y+ niudirr. 
Banefulness, s. &&• mahlika-t; 

My tahlika-t. 
Bang, s. by darba-t ; £*U lafma-t. 
Bang, v. ^ sadam, yasdim. 
Banish, v. *]* tarad, yatrad ; «j0 

nafa', yanfi ; J^-» sarkal, yusar- 

Banishment, a. ^ tard; «jtf 

nafi ; Utf t intifa. 
Banisteb, see Balusteb. 
Bank, *. (of a river) la* faft (pi. 

If* sutut) ; &^ haffa-t.— (of 

the sea) J«^U sahil (pi. J»»V- 

sawahil) ; ^^ £a{i. — (banking- 
house) ***;*• sairafiya-t; 0&> 

«^\j* dukkan sarraf. 
Bank, v. (deposit money) £*>) wada', 

yada'; £y auda', yAdi*. — (dam 

in) ±- saad, yasudd. 
Banker, s. u>\j* sarraf (pi. toj\** 

Bankbupt, s. )y~£" maksiir ; <j«U* 

Bankbuptcy, 8. X~&\ inkisar ; S^ 

kasrat; ^\ lflas; UUfalasa-t. 
Banner, ». 8^joj bandera-t; J;W 

bairaq (pi. jj;Vrf bayariq). 
Banquet, «. <W^ walima-t (pi. 

^3L walayim); i*WA 4iy4fa-t; 

£»*>U maduba-t. 
Banter, v. gyb harraj, yuharrij; 

ty mazah, yamzafci. 
Banter, s. Qj* harj ; zy maz^ (pL 

C^ mizah) ; \y&~*\ istihza. 
Baptise, v. «uc 'ammad, yu*am- 

mid ; y& nassar, y unassir ; ^j^t 

ga«as, yugauis. 
Baptism, s. &i*y**" ma'nmdiyat; 

oUc 'irnad; j*+£ tansir; £**• 

sibga-t ; ^^t gitas. 
Baptist, s. (St. John) (^ V> » » - 

m^midan ; a«ju mu ( ammid. 
Bab, s. (bolt) y*^ darbas (pL 

u-**V darabis) ; J^ galaq (pi. 

jW aglaq, ^J^ agaliq).— (of a 

court of justice, &c.) ^y wasj. — 

Digitized by 





(ingot) **«- sabika-t (pi. *stfW~ 

Bab, v. (shut) ^ galaq, vagliq, 

yagluq; Jtf qafal, yaqfil, yaq- 

ful.— {hinder) j\* *aq» ya'&q J 

gx* mana', yamna*. 
Barb, «. (of an arrow) s^ kullab 

(pi. s-J** kalalib) ; ^^ bu«af 

(pi. U^UU hatatif). — (horse 

from Barbary) ^jj** gU* bisan 

Babbabian, 8. r+*\ a'jam (pi. 

f\+?\ a'jam). 
Babbabic, o<#. (savage) if—?* 

Barbarism, 8. (in speech) *+%* 

'ajmat; (^J lain (pi. gym) 

Babbabity, 8. SjLJ qasawa-t ; ^ 

Barbarous, adj. <j-V* qasi; fi& 

Babbeb, *. jV ballaq; ^jy mu- 

zayyin ; «-Aa*. kaffaf ; g^-i. has- 

Bard, *. ^^ sa'ir (pi. \*± su'ara). 
Babe, adj. ^ 'ari ; ^f- 'uryan. 
Babe, v. e&* 'arra, yu'arri; ^ 

jarad, yajrud ; *-*^ kasaf, yak- 

*if ; ^ follah, yasallib. 
Babe-faced, adj. & waqib (pi. 

C^ wiqah) ; M~ safib (pi. *^ 

sufaba') ; W Je^ qalil l^aya\ 
Bare-facedness, *. &^j waqa- 

ha-t ; ^>^- saf aba-t ; *;*** f an- 

jara-t (Pers.). 
Barely, adv. (with difficulty) ^W 

Babene8S, 8. (nakedness) <jf^ 'ura ; 

kf 'urya-t; Uj zalt.— (aridity) 

&jw* quhula-t. 
Bargain, s. (agreement) ±o* 'ahd 

(pi. Jpa 'uhud) ; J^l ittifaq.— 

(a cheap purchase) k*^ *;/» 

sarwa-t rahisa-t. 
Bargain, t*. (stipulate) ^A* sarat, 

yuMrit; *** 'ahid, ya'had; J** 

^ 'amul bazar, ya'mal. 
Baboe, s. s^U qarib (pi. s^V 

qawarib); J)>) zauraq (pi. J^j) 


Babk, *. (of a tree) j±S qisr (pi. 

jy±3 qusur). — (of a dog) &> 

nabb. — (ship) &^A* safina-t (pi. 

^Va- saf ay in, i$*~ sufun). 
Bare v. ( peel) y*£ qaisar, y uqai- 

i\x. — (as a dog) &* nabah, 

yanbah, yanbih ; ^j* 'awa, 

Barley, s. jt**> sVir. 
Barm, 9. ijt**- hamira-t. 
Barn, s. hj*> Jauna-t ; J^\ ambar 

(pi jfc\ anabir) ; ^^ mabzan 

(pi. aj^fc* mahazin). 
Babometeb, 8. u~tiA\) \j6^ ob*^ 

mizan al-hawa' wa 'fc-taas. 
Barometrically, adv. tfyt* 8*+\# 

\)$\ bi-wasita-t mizan al-hawa. 
Baron, s. yrf baron. 
Baroness, s. Q)jJ\ Ry\ amrat al- 

Barrack, Barracks, s. /l~*&\ &*& 

qa'at al-asakir. 
Barrel, s. Je^» barmil (pi. J*^ 

baramil) ; &i battiyat (pi. 

^Ui batati). — (of a gun) fyj-U 

ma8ura-t (pi. j*~\y mawasir) ; 

l**+ ju*ba-t (p].v>««»- ji*ab). 
Barren, adj. (land) f\* 'aqir (pi. 

ji\jfi 'awaqir) ; (**** 'aqim (pi. 

fUe *uqam). — (be barren) jte 

'aqur, ya c qur; J^» mafcal, 

yam^al ; J^»\ am^al, yumfcil. 
Barrenness, s. &+** uqma-t ; S^fi 

'uqrat ; Sj^ft 'aqara-t. 
Babbicade, 8. v*\j*~ mitras (pi. 

tH^U* mataris) ; Ju. sadd (pi. 

S\x*\ asdad). 
Babbicade, v. cr-4;^ J** 'amil 

mataris, ya'mal. 
Barrier, s. (obstacle) a- sadd (pi. 

S\x*\ a8d4d). — (boundary) «^ 

hadd (pi. *)*» fcudud)* 
Babbisteb, 8. «.5^aJ\ Je^ wakil ad- 

da'wa (pi. ^ wukala). 
Barrow, «. &w naqqala-t. 
Barter, t;. J^j badal, yabdil j </Vl 

qa4, yaqid; ^ qawaxj, yuqa- 

Barter, s. A* badal, &*\*+ muba- 

dala-t; J-*** tadbil; S-*j*~ 


Digitized by 





Basalt, 0. y\y j+* hajar saw- 

Base, adj. J»j watf-y ; J*> dani-y ; 
u-*-*« hasis ; jt**» ljaqir. 

Base, s. (foundation) ^*U\ asas; 
•w— • misnad. — (principal part) 
J— t a»l (pi. Jr-\ usul).— 
(pedestal) SjubU qa'ida-t (pi. ^y 
qawa'id). — (in music) ^ bamm 
(pi. py+* bumum). 

Baseness, s. *}&** haqara-t; S*Uj 

dana'at; l~t * • hasisa-t (pi. 

y>V~A. hasa'is). 

Baseless, adj. y*W j*£ ^ min 
gair asas. 

Basement, 8. S aAf tablita-t. 

Bashful, adj. s->j%^* mahjub; 
^.»., ^ ^ muhtaiim; o^^— • mus- 

Bashfdlness, «. W*» bay a ; &c 
'iffat; JU+* hij&la-t. 

Basic, ad;. «jM asli-y. 

Basin, s. (vessel) o^J» tis*t, t u ^t 
(pi. ty&l $u£ut). — (of a fountain) 
4fy birka-t (pi. ^ birak). — 
(dock) W* mina (pi. o*V* ma " 
wani, (^** nriyan) ; &£~\ iskala-t 
(pi. JSU asakil). 

Bask, v. <j-*"£* taiammas, yata- 

Basket, s. && quffa-t (pi. *-*** 
qufei); &- salla-t (pi. *>\ -at, 
JJL sulalh J**^ zambil (pi. 
J**Uj zanabil). 

Bass, *. (* bamm (pi. fj** bumum). 

Bastard, f»^*H &\ ibn al-haram ; 
V>j jJj walad zina ; j^J^ bun- 
duq (Syr.) ; ^j zanim. 

Bastard, adj. (spurious) »y mu- 
zawwar ; £*-*• musanna*. 

Bastinado, *. &^ 'alqa-t, 'ulqa-t 
(pi. <jlc 'alaq, *ulaq). 

Bastinado, v. &U v>r* darab 'al- 
qa-t, yadnib; t^i qaiat, yaq- 

Bastion, *. fy burj (pi. $\jl\ 

abraj) ; X*\L tabiya-t. 
Bat, s. (animal) M^Lj wa{wa$ (pi. 

W«VL« wa*awH) ; J>\*» huffas (pi. 

jt^VAt hufafis). 

Batch, s. (of bread) Sy** hubza-t. 

— (assortment) *W jumla-t. 
Bath, 8. fU*. hammam (pi. oUU 

Bathe, v. (*&*~\ istahamm, yasta- 

himm ; (++^ tahammam, yata- 

hammam ; J— *±\ igtasal, yagta- 

sil ; J— a? tagassal, yatagassal. — 

(in the sea) e*~ sabah, yasbah. 
Bath-keeper, s. ^j-^U*. ham- 

mami-y ; (^ ballan. 
Baton, s. ^ 'asa; **;j*Utt s ^ 

qa4ib al-mamuriya-t. 
Battalion, s. &>^ or(a (pi. t ; \ 

orat) ; jyU» tab&r . ^ buluk. 
Batten, v. (fatten), ^-»— samman, 

yusammin. — (dung) J?j zabbal, 

Batter, v. v5^- sahaq, yasfcaq ; jj 

daqq, yaduqq ; ^-yfc haras, yah- 

rus ; harras, yuharris. 
Batter, s. ^ hilt (pi. WW ahlat). 
Battering-ram, «. j^a- ^ j^ man- 

janiq (pi. *a>\ -at, v^V* majaniq, 

v^^^* majaniq). 
Battery, s. g^\^\ JU saff al- 

madafi*; g*\^- ^ alay (Turk.) 

madafi 4 ; s^L t&biyah (Turk.). 
Battle, s. i«lj waqa*at; ^^* 

muharaba-t; J^i qital ; ibl&« 

muqatala-t; yp kaun, kon (pi. 

(•fiyfi akwan). 
Battle, v. ^U qatal, yuqatil; J?V« 

taqatal, yataqatal ; »4>U5 ta'arak, 

Battle-field, s. l**y mauqa*a-t ; 

df*+ mu*tarak. 
Battlement, s. J*-»* fasil (pi. ^JU* 

fuslan, JUI fi 9 41); &/* ^urfa-t 

(pi. u^ ^uraf) ; ii jj quzfa-t (pi. 

cJ«Vi quzaf). 
Battle-order, s. «JU#« masaff. 
Bauble, s. <jb$ la ^ay, l&ie; ***) 

Bawl, v. fi na'ar, yan'ar; ^>«q- 

ja^a*, yuja'ji'. 
Bat, adj. ^\f^\ aiqarani-y ; j*e»\ 

(***\ ahmar adham. 
Bay, n. (of the sea) ^^ jun ; g«Lk 

b ali i (pl- ©^ b ulu J» eV^ hul- 
jao). — (laureUtree) j\t g4r (pl. 

Digitized by 




)\)t\ agwar, (^\jtt giran).— (bark) 

C** nabh. 
Bay, v. (bark) ^i nabah, yanbili, 

Bayonet, *. &*+* harbat. 
Bayonet, v. ^J^ (^ {a'an bi-'l- 

^arba-t, yat'an. 
Bb, i?. qP kan, yakun; (imper.) 

yf kun. 
Beach, *. J^ sahil (pi. J^V* 

sawahil; JA* i&ti (pi. J*\)* 

Beacon, *. u*>*^ fanus (pi. u**«*V 

fawanis); fyU- manara-t (pi. 

;*U* manayir). 
Bead, *. &<** ^abba-t. — (of silver) 

gW juman (Pers.). — (beads, 

rosary) £**-• subha-t (pi. e<— 

subah, v*>W*- subuhat) ; J wl» 

Beadle, «. Jy> surtf-y (pi. t/» 

surat); j/y taugur (pi. ^>fy 

tawasir) ; y*&* muhdir. 
Beak, s. f** ininqar (pi. j£\*~ ma- 
il aqir). 
Beam, s. (timber) &*a* ha^aba-t ; 

s^ju. ^— ► jisr haSab (pi. jj~* 

jusur) ; S*^ £uhiya-t (pi. ^r* 

sawahi). — (0/ scales) q\)*A\ &eJ> 

qubba-t al-inizan. — (ray) £Ua 

sVa* (pi. &*±\ asT'at, £** sVu<). 
Beam, v. £-*•** s*a 4 sV, yusa^i* ; 

\A ada, yudi ; jjM aSraq, yus>iq. 
Bean, s. Jy ful; u~y turmus; 

£**y lubiya-t. 
Bear, *. v>*> dubb, dibb (pi. *r»^ 

adbab, v***> dubab). 
Bear, v. (carry) J**- hamal, yah- 

mil; J^» sal, ya£il ; J** saqal, 

yasqal. — (suffer) J*-^ ihtamal, 

yahtamil; *-* sabar, yasbur 

(with J^ 'ala). 
Bearable ad/. (6e bearable) y\* 

han, yahun. 
Beard, s. £«** lihyat (pi. <^J 

liha) ; q*3 zaqan (pi. ^y^ 

Bearded, ad/. £*J y& zu lihya-t ; 

^i f\ abu zaqan. 
Beardless, od/. *y\ amrad, f. \Sy 

marda* (pL *j+ niurd). 

Beardlessness, 0. fo)f muruda-t. 
Bearing, 0. (behaviour) d£~ suluk ; 

«slL~* maslak ; 8p~ sira-t. 
Beast, g. y\y#» haiwan (pi. «*Artj*ft. 

haiwanat) ; Z*\* dabba-t (pi. 

v>V dawabb) ; (*& bahim (pi. 

(*i<W bahayim). — (vrild beast) 

ij**) wahs*(pl. \&f*) wuhiis). 
Beastliness, *. &* * *& bahimiya-t. 
Beastly, adj. f*M\ J** misl al- 

Beat, v. v>/* darab, yadrib, yadrub. 

— (conquer) s-J^ galab, yaglib ; 

j~S kasar, yaksir. — (throb) «J*> 

daqq, yaduqq. 
Beat, s. h/* darba-t ; &&U latsa-t. 
Beatipic, adj. *«JjW^ mubarik, jWjfe 

Beatipy, v. (make happy) «*«-\ 

as 'ad, yus4d. 
Beatitude, s. •**-. sa*d ; 5»>U- 

Beau, s. (fop) ^ gandar ; ^*u* 

gandur. — (lover) <JMAc *a^iq (pi. 

jUx *u^saq). 
Beauteous, Beautiful, adj. ^J— ^ 

hasan ; J«4^ jamil ; <jH>/ ku- 

wayyis; ^* malih (pi. t^* 

mil ah). 
Beautify, v. ^—^ hassan, yuhas- 

sin ; fc>aj zayyan, yuzayyin ; J^. 

jammal, yujammil. 
Beauty, s. ^— *> husn ; JW 

jamal ; £*X« malaha-t ; <C«i^ 

kuwayyisiya-t. — (beautiful wo- 

man) JU£ ^ ^ »*>U S\^ imrat 

zat baha wa kanial. 
Beaver, «. (animal) U3\ s-J^ kalb 

al-uia ; jS~»A* A^. ^^^ haiwan 

jand badastar (A. Pers.) ; eV* 

tarah. — (0/ a helmet) Ui gima. 
Becalm, v. (^- sakkan, yusakkin. 
Because, coti/. q$ li-ann ; s ■;■■■! 

(^ bi-sabab ann; ^ J^S H-ajl 

Beck, *. SjW igara-t ; \*) warn', 

warn a. 
Beck, Beckon, v. ^fjl auma, 

yumi ; J&\ aiar, yusir. 
Becloud, v. (*£ gayyam, yugay- 


Digitized by 





Become, v. >\~ sar, yasir. — (befit) 

j3 laq, yaliq ; <J*» haqq, yahiqq ; 

s-—^ nasab, yunasib. 
Becoming, adj. (fit) <3>3 laviq; 

s-»-.U^ munasib. — (graceful) <-A*^ 

Bed, Bedding, s. &*/ farsat ; ^/ 

fars ; J*\j* firas (pi. j^ funis). 

— (of a river) flA\ «4^ majra 

an-nahar. — (flower -bed) 1*$ rau- 

dat (pi. ^k) riyad). 
Bedaub, v. ^3 latah, yal^ah ; *±>f 

lawwas, yulawwis. 
Bedeck, v. <$\) zan, yazin; <#} 

zayyan, yuzayyin. 
Bedew, v. JI» tall, yafull. 
Bedim, v. (M a?lam, yuzlim ; ^ 

'attam, yu'attim. 
Bedizen, t?. &) zayyan, yuzayyin ; 

j^j3 zawwaq, yuzawwiq; <-*j*>j 

zahraf, yuzabrif . 
Bedlam, s. ^^a-j^ maristan (Pers.) ; 

to-S-H jta dar as-safa. 
Bedlamite, 8. e^%^ majnun (pi. 

<2**V* majanin) ; \J»ifA" matyus". 
Bed-rid, Bed-bidden, adj. e^ 

JfyM tarih al-firas\ 
Bedstead, 8. c^* 5 taht (pi. «t>^ 

Bee, *. &** nahlat (pi. J* 1 nahl). 
Beech, 8. y\) ^A sajar-zan ; %*A 

t\j~J\ ^jt^c 6ajar l ei as-sawwah. 
Beef, *. ^/j (**) lahm baqari ; (**) 

^-a-s. lahm basin. 
Beehive, s. J=^ **k* haliyyat nahl 

(pi. V>is* halaya) ; &j\j£ kuwara-t 

(pi. yi\f kawayir). 
Beer, 8. S^ bira-t ; £to f uqa' ; 

5jy biiza-t ; ^jy buza. 
Beet, Beet- root, *. ^j* sawandar 

(Pers.) ; ;W* banjar; «J^* silq. 
Beetle, «. J** ju'al (pi. gW 

ji'lan) ; * — fc*. hunfisa-t (pi. 

u ^i\jA. hanafis). 
Befall, v. «■£>•*»- hadas, yahdas ; 

^ jara, yajri ; <J>f 'arad, 

Befit, v. j3 laq, yaliq ; w— ^ 

nasab, yunasib. 
Befool, t*. (lead astray) £«x 

yahda'; ;-* garr, yagurr. — 

(delude) <J& gass, yagu£s\ 
Before, prep. ( of place) f\^ qud- 

dam ; fM amam. — (of time) J** 

qabl ; J** ^ min qabl ; conj. 

^* J* 5 qabl ma; q\ J-i qabl 

ann ; adv. J*S ^ min qabl. 
Before-hand, adv. ^as5 li-qud- 

dam ; J-i ^ min qabl. 
Before - time, adv. '\*±*+ mu- 

qaddiman; ^ awwalan; "Va*U 

Befriend, v. q)^ 'awan, yu'awin ; 

q\h\ a'an, yu'in ; J*U sa'ad, 

Beg, v. (intreat) ^f tarajja, ya- 

tarajja ; J^- sa'al, yas'al. — (for 

alms) «W» ^ahaz, yashaz; J^— > 

tasawwal, yatasawwal. 
Beget, a. ^ walad, yalid; ^y^\ 

ansal, yunsil. — (produce) j&>\ 

aghar, yugbir; ^3^ ballaq, yu- 

Beggar, *. *>W«i ^ahhaz ; JjU sa- 

yil ; J j— 2 * mutasawwil. 
Beggar, v. r&\ afqar, yufqir. 
Beggary, s. j& faqr ; ij&ft iflas. 
Begin, v. ^M bada, yabda; \^\ 

ibtida, yabtadi ; J-*^ ja*al, 

Beginning, s. ^ badw, badu; 

1a£*\ ibtida' ; {j*\j ras. 
Begird, v. kW\ aha^, yuhit ; <-A^ 

kannaf, yukannif . 
Begone, interj. t) ruh ; ^^-^ 

imsi ; '^5^- suhqan ; ^*** bu'- 

Begrime, v. *±>f lawwas, yulawwis. 
Begrudge, v. ^ ^ \**\ ^-*- 

hasad ahad 'ala ^e, yahsid. 
Beguile, v. <j^ ga^, yagu^; 

£m* hada*, yahda; ^—^ masah, 

Beguilement, s. (J^t giii ; &V**. 

hiyana-t ; &• makr. 
Behalf, s. ©j*^ fayida-t (pi. ^\^ 

f away id). — (on behalf of) J*^ ^ 

min ajl. 
Behave, v. oeU- salak, yasluk. 
Behaviour, 8, *&}•>» suluk; oU - ^^ 

maslak ; 5^- sira-t. 


Digitized by 





Behead, v. <j*\fl £* qata* ar-ras, 

yaqta* ; i>**K s^;-* 4arab al-'unq ; 

Behest, *. y\ amr (pi. y\£ awa- 

mir) ; f£+* hukm (pi. *lx^ ah- 

Behind, j?rep. c-*k* half ; \# wara' ; 

adv. \j) er* m * n wara*. 
Behindhand, adj. Jt»*» muta- 

wani ; J*W** mutaba^i. 
Behold, v. ^ nazar, yanzur ; gN* 

tatalla', yatatalla*. 
Behold, interj. J*\ unzur; t&\* 

hanaza; W iza. 
Beholden, adj. (indebted) <$y*-* 

Behoof, a. Sj^U fayida-t; S*A*t 

ifada-t; gtf naf. 
Behove, v. see Befit. 
Being, s. (existence) *ft) wujud; 

q£ kaun. — (condition) J^ hal. 

— (thing in existence) ($& kayin 

(pi. uyUjtf kayinat) ; *Wy* mau- 

jud (pi. v^W^y* maujudat). 
Belabour, v. v>/* darab, yadrib, 

Belch, v. <JJ faiS, yafu£s\ 
Beleaguer, v.^*W hasar, yuhasir ; 

y\e* tahasar, yatahasar. 
Belfry, *. i^r-aflj^H ^ burj an- 

Belie, v. (tell a lie) v>^ kazab, 

yakzib. — (show to be false) v>.tf 

kazzab, yukazzib. 
Belief, s. &> siqa-t ; *>Vaxc\ i'tiqdd ; 

j\^sr\ i'timad. — (religious) gU^ 

iman ; (^*> din. 
Believe, v. (trust) **te*\ i'taqad, 

ya'taqid ; {^\ aman, yumin. — 

(credit) ,3 a* saddaq, yusaddiq. 

— (think) ^ zann, yazunn ; &+± 

hamman, yuhammin. 
Believer, s. <yy mumin. 
Bell, s. u-^ naqus (pi. u~**ty 

nawaqis). — (small one) <j*y* 

jams (pi. u*\y*\ ajras). 
Belle, s. JW «yU Ry\ imra-t 

zafc jamal. 
Belligerent, adj. s. s^W> muta- 

Bellow, v. f* na'ar, yan*ar ; ^ 
har, yahur. 

Bellows, s. €**" minfah ; ^A** 
minfah (pi. £*Va* manafih). 

Belly, s. &* ba{n (pi. c^W butun) ; 
v>/ kirs* (pi. J»rf kurus). 

Belong, v. J u^ hass li, yahuss ; 
s-*~ &\ intasab, yantasib (mostly 
expressed by the words indi- 
cating possession, as fix* mata* ; 
<J*- haqq; JU mal, <fcc.). 

Beloved, adj. v»^^» mahbub ; 
,jj£** ma^uq. 

Below, |>rep. aifo. <*** taht ; J»^ 
^ auta min ; ^ JM asfal min. 

Belt, s. p\^ hizam (pi. «y\ -at, 
^yo-\ ahzima-t, fy*. huzm) ; jUj 
zunniir (pi. ^Uj zananir) ; j+f 
kamar (pi. jU^ akmar, Pers.) ; 
vj^^*> ?aulaq. 

Bemire, v. *±>y lawwas, yulawwis ; 
£~j wassah, yuwassih ; y-r naj- 
jas, yunajjis. 

Bemoan, v. ^J* «-A-^ asif 'ala, 
ya'saf ; ^ (^ hazin 'ala, yah- 

Bench, s. J^s^ maq'ad (pi. acV&» 
maqa'id); «^^ taht (pi. «yy^ 
tuhut). — (of stone) &J*++ ma^ta- 
bat (pi. s-kU* mas&tib). — (fri- 
bunal) S+Z^s* mahkama-t (pi. 
^W* mahakim). 

Bend, v.a. ^y^ hana, yahni; tj* 
'awwaj, vu'awwij ; ^ sana, 
yasni; ^y lawa, yalwi; n. JU 
mal, yamil ; v y»=*\ inhana, yan- 

Beneath, prep. adv. *s**& taht; 
vms* ^ min taht. 5^ec Below. 

^Benediction, s. &fy baraka-t ; *«3^> 
tabarruk (pi. «wf -at). 

Benefaction, *. jtA her; Uj^ 
'urf ; (^^-e.\ ihsan ; £+** ni'ma-t 
(pi. (**> ni'am). 

Benefactor, s. ^J\ &-*&• nmhsin 
ila; ^ p**" mun 4 im 'ala; rf 

Benefice, s. (a church living) aa^ 
i«— i^S wajifa-t kanayisiyya-t. 

Beneficence, s. j^\ J** fi'l al- 
ter; *f* jud; q\~+>\ i^ san. 

Digitized by 





Beneficent, adj. p*>* mun'im ; 

(*/ karim ; ($>~*" niuhsin. 
Beneficial, adj. «x*A* muf id ; g*^ 

nafi 4 . 
Benefit, s. (favour) q\~-A ihsan ; 

&#»\/ karamiya-t; £+** ni'mat. 

—(profit) Sj^U %ida-t; g* 

Benefit, v. (do good to) c**\ an*am, 

yun'im ; &~> *»\ ahsan, yuhsin. — 

(gain an advantage) £fc*\ intafa'. 

yantafi* ; **\te~\ istafad, yastafid. 
Benevolence, *. &&\ &**» husn 

al-laf ta-t ; &*\/ karama-t ; «-AU 

lutf; &i»^ 'atifa-t (pi. «-AUy* 

Benevolent, adj. j*** hayyir ; <-& & 

la^if ; (**** mun'im. 
Benight, t;. ^JM aglam, yuzUm. 
Benighted, s. J*W» jahil (pi. JW 

Benign, Benignant, adj. pj*- 

halim (pi. U1&. hulama, p%*\ ah- 

lam) ; <Jf» ra'iif ; &** safiq. ' 
Benignity, *. ^ l^ilm ; &\> rafa-t. 
Bent, *. (curvature) \j&*\ inhina; 

g^\ in'iwaj. — (disposition) Ja* 

Bent, adj. $}** mu'awwaj ; ^w-* 

munhani ; Uka** mu'aqqaf. — 

(addicted) jl*** muta'alliq ; tfy 

mula' (both with v> bi). 
Benumb, v. s<*± haddar, yuhad- 

Bequeath, v. ^-a* >>+$ ^^ wassa 

li-ahad bi-£e, yuwa??! ; «J&t 

***y feallaf bi-wasiya-t, yuhallif ; 

«-ASj waqaf , yaqif. 
Bequest, *. l~°y wasiya-t; u&± 

^p halaf muwassa. — (for 

pious uses) «-Aij waqf (pi. U>\>£ 

Bereave, v. (deprive of) ^ 

haram, ya^rim. — (render desti- 
tute) J#\ agkal, yuskil. 
Bereavement, s. ^ yatm, yutm, 

yatain ; J# §ukl. 
Berry, *. w^- habb ; &**» habba-t 

(pi. *r>y&- hubub). 
Berth, s. w^yA\ ^ ^U» manam 


Beseech, v. ^\ £*£ tadarra' ila, 

yatadarra ; {j-+&\ iltamas, yalta- 

Beseem, v. *r~*k nasab, yunasib ; 

jS laq, yaliq. 
Beset, v. tW\ ahat, yufcit; ^»W 

hasar, yuhas ir. 
Beside, prep, s-*** jamb ; s-^W: 

Besides, prep. ^ 6*>^j ziyada-t 

Besides, conj. **&$ j*k ger zalik. 
Besiege, v. ^*W hasar, yuhasir. 
Besmear, v. U la$, yalut, yalit; 

^ tala, ya^li. 
Besom, s. & —■ * . < * miknasa-t (pi. 

^VX* makanis) ; &4-A* muqas- 

Besot, v. (stupefy) <j*aj dahlias', 

yudahhis. — (intoxicate) j < »\ 

askar, yuskir. 
Besottedness, s. j£~* sikr. 
Bespatter, v. Jty tarjai, yutar- 

Bespeak, v. (order) <J^ ^-j wa^^a 

'ala, yuwa§?i. 
Besprinkle, v. u^ ra&i, yaru^s ; 

u*»y» taras, yatru^. 
Best, adj. ($~*\ ahsan ; jAi^ af4al ; 

s-**M atyab. — (one's best) j& ^ 

(jjl^5\ ala* qadr al-imkan. 
Bestial, adj. {mS *t^ bahimi-y. 
Bestir, v. df. harrak, yuljarrik. — 

(one 1 8 self) *&*\ intahamm, yan- 

tahimm; &f* taharrak, yata- 

Bestow, v. s-^^ wahab, yahab ; 

J»* 4 ata, ya'ti ; J^> bazal, yabzil, 

Bestowal, s. Uac 'ata' (pi. *ssM 

a*tiya-t) ; h*f mauhaba-t (pi. 

s-^'y* mawahib). 
Bestrew, v. ^ ra^, yarusi. 
Bestride, v. g* fajj, yafujj ; £&i 

fassah, yufaisih ; s-^; rakib, 

Bet, *. (jjVAj rihan ; eJ^V tarahun. 
Bet, v. {$*\j> tarahan, yatarahan ; 

LjUj ta^arat, yataiarat- 
Betake, v. a^j* tawajjah, yatawaj- 

jah ; J\ ^^ iltaja ila, yaltaji. 

Digitized by 





Bethink, v. f& tazakkar, yata- 

zakkar; £& tafakkar, yatafak- 

Betide, v. J*** haeal, yahsal ; *£>^ 

hadag, yahdis. 
Betimes, adv. «**$ J* 'ala waqt. 
Betoken, v. <J>\ j\*\ a6ar ila, yuSir ; 

Jft J*> dall 'ala, yadull. 
Betray, v. q\± han, yahun ; ;^ 

gadar, yagdir, yagdar. 
Betrayal, *. j*k gadr ; &W** hiya- 

Betroth, v. s-^ hattab, yuhattib. 
Betrothal, a. &*!**» hu^ba-t. 
Better, adj. adv. {$*~**\ ahsan ; 

Ja*\ afdal; ^ ahyar; s-*M 

Better, v. ^>\ aslah, yuslih ; ^> 

^allah, yusallih ; J»>-^ a'dal, 

yn'dil. — (morally) a*^- ^ naz- 

zam sirat-hu, yunazzim. 
Bettor, a. i)U^ mu£arit; (£*V* 

Between, Betwixt, prep. ^ ben ; 

^ U ma ben. 
Bevel, «. ^j zawiya-t; i}*~* 

Beverage, «. s-»V* ^ araD » **/• 

sarba-t; s^/*"* niairub (pi. «^ 

Bevy, «. £*j- surba-t. — (of people) 

Cj* fauj (pi. gpt fuwuj, ©y^ af " 

Bewail, v. jJLc fcU nah 'ala, ya- 

Beware, v. )&» hazar, yahzar ; 

)&*A ijjtazar, yaljtazir. 
Beware, interj. **^ ^ d\i\ ayyaka 

summ ayyaka ; j»w\ f )^J\ al- 

hazr suinm al-hazr. 
Bewilder, v. (Ju*S\ adhas, yudhis ; 

yt*» hayyar, yuhayyir. 
Bewilderment, s. &&** daha£a-t ; 

^Iaj^ indihiU ; S^ hira-t. 
Bewitch, v. (by sorcery) <J>j raqa, 

yarqa ; ^»~ sahar, yashur. — (by 

personal charms) lak^A Sah^at, 

Beyond, adv. prep. \^ warit, \y U 

ma wara ; Jj* f auq. 
Bias, 8. (prejudice), ^ wahm 

(pi. py*>)\ auhum). — (inclination) 

J** mail. 
Bias, v. J** mayyal, yumayyil; 

utf* 'aftaf, yn'aftif . 
Bib, v. *▼>/• sarib, yasrab ; s-**> 

ta'abbab, yata'abbab. 
Bibber, *. s->V» sarrab ; s-*«/» sir- 
rib ; ^W* 'abbab. 
Bible, *. y-JA^ v»US3^ al-kitab al- 

muqaddas; va>WH at-taurat. 
Bid, v. (order) /•* amar, yamur. — 

(a price) ^j* 'arad, ya'rid ; J±f\ 

a'rad, yu*nd. — (to bid adieu) g^ 

wadda', yuwaddi*. — (bid good 

day) ^ jJL. sallam 'ala, yusal- 

Bide, v. a. (endure) J* y** sabar 

'ala, yasbur ; J-*^ ihtamal, yah- 

tamil ; n. (abide) fM\ aqam, yu- 

qiin ; (jjX- sakan, yaskun. 
Biennial, adj. &<~~ J^ kull sana- 

Bier, 8. s&>f\s tabut (pi. *^**\>* ta- 

wabit) ; ij±**-i na's (pi. ^f*y*> 

Biq, adj. j*4 kabir (pi. ; W* kibar, 

kubar) ; ^Jac 'azim (pi. ^^c 

*izam, L-iLc 'uzama). — (with 

child) ^J*** hubla (pi. JW*- ha- 

bala) ; &»\* hamila-t. 
Bigamist, s. ^V^* Cjjy 8 * niuta- 

zawwij bi-imraten. 
Bigamy, 8. ^^j*^ **f$\ az-zijat 

Bight, s. (bay) ^ haur (pl.^^ 

ah war) ; <^y^ jfin. 
Bigot, Bigoted, adj. s-^»^* muta- 

*a99ib ; {mS **ri ta^subi-y. 
Bigotry, s. s-^** ta*a?9ub. 
Bigness, *. p* kubr, kibr, kibar; 

(J** ^lzm, 'izm, *izam ; £*kc 

Bile, «. S^ mirra-t (pi. ^y mirar) ; 

\^o ^afra ; W^- sauda, soda. 
Bilious, ad/, v^^;* -6 safrawi-y ; <&y 

\^\ muwallid 

as-safra; ^^y 

Bill, 8. (beak) j&*» minqar (pi. 
^iU^ manaqir). — (pruning knife, 
&c.) J^* minjal (pi. J^U^ ma- 
najil) ; JW> miqsal (pi. J«-^ 

Digitized by 





maqasil). — (printed advertise- 

ment) h^& kitaba-t. — (account) 

sA- a- hisab ; s>^— ^N £**\i qayi- 

mat al-hisab. — (money order) 

&\f* hawala-t. — (of law) &*j* 

Billet, *. S^i? tazkira-t (pi. /Ms 

tazakir); &jj waraqa-t; £*ij 

ruq'at (pi. gVi ; riqa'). 
Billet, v. (quarter soldiers) yX- 

sakkan, yusakkin; Jy\ anzal, 

Billion, utf\ UkN <_aN alf alf alf ; 

Oyeb bilyun. 
Billow, s. &y mauj (pi. $y\ am- 

Billow, t>. gU maj, yamuj ; ,J»3s 

talatam, yatala^am. 
Billowy, adj. ©^^ Ms* muta- 

la£im bi-'l-amwaj ; ©ij* mawwaj. 
Bin, s. j^J^-» ganduq (pi. ^joU-o sa- 

Binary, adj. iJ &» musanna. 
Bind, v. Uj raba{, yarbit, yarbut ; 

J^c 'aqad, ya'qid ; *£ qayyad, 

yuqayyid. — (a book) •&* jallad, 

yujallid ; **W l^abak, yahbik. 
Binding, *. v>^ *<**& tajlida-t 

Biographer, s. 5^- s-*^ katib 

Biographic, adj. ^*-J\ t^** yahuss 

Biography, s. fy** sira-t (pi. ;*«* 

eiyar) ; S^jj tazkara-t. 
Biologist, *. ^ s-^^* sahib 'ilm, 

&e. (See the following.) 
Biology, s. %y#J\ ^ ^ s->W ^ 

'ilm asbab wa suwar al-hayat. 
Biped, adj. <j*Wj ^ zu rajlen. 
Birch, *. (tree) 3y* batula. — (rod) 

s-**-** qadib (pi. ^W^» qudban). 
Bird, p± $air, ter (pi. ^ tuyur). — 

(small) jy^-ac 'asfiir (pi. ^**^>* 

Birth, s. %<&) wilada-t ; *>^a* mi- 

Birth-day, i*%+ (*j> yom uriladhu ; 

*>%~d\ j^c 'aid al-milad. 
Biscuit, *. tU— J» baqsimat. 
Bisect, v. ^ qata', yaqta' ; «-**» 

naeaf, yansuf; ^ wassat, yu- 

Bisection, 8. «-&***> tansif. 
Bishop, 8. Ute-^ usqut" (pi. &iL.\ 

asaqifa-t, c-AiL^ asaqif ). 
Bishopric, 8. < E »ta - \ usqufiyat. 
Bismuth, a. ^Ju»aJ\ flay** 8 /* marqa- 

£i$a-t al-qasdir. 
Bit, 8. (of a horse) «sU fakk ; f\+i 

lijam (pi. f»^J lujum, &*^*J\ alji- 

ma-t). — (small piece) ^»i qifa-t 

(pi. £* qu^a') ; s->y~J lasub, 

Bitch, 8. L& kalba-t ; SUJ la'a-t. 
Bite, v. <j±& 'a^d, ya'a44- 
Bite, Biting, s. &ac 4 ad4a-t ; &*•$* 

Biting, a<7/. (severe^ sharp) A* 

Bitter, ae?/. y murr (pi. ^^ am- 

Bitterness, *. 8^^ marara-t. 
Bitumen, s. *4*- humar ; ^**- hu- 

mair ; *>^> fi qafr al-yahiid ; 

U naft. 
Bituminous, adj. Ja« naf^i-y. 
Bivalve, s. ^» mahar; ij^+ 

Blab, v. f> namm, yanimm, ya- 

Black, adj. *y^ as wad, f. \*>y* 

sauda (pi. «y» sud) ; ^a^ ad- 
ham, f. Uao dahma (pi. *fco 

duhm); J^^ akhal, f. W 

kahla (pi. J^ kuhl). 
Black, 8. (colour) *>\y- sawad. — (a 

negro) *y~\ aswad (pi. ($\4y* 

s lid an). 
Black- bird, s. jh** sahrur (pi. 

^Wfc saharir). 
Blacken, v. (make black) *y~ saw- 
wad, yusawwid. — (defame) ^at- 

sahham, yusahhim. 
Blackguard, *. ^^ falati-y ; 

ifyM- hulbAs (pi. &*t^ halabi- 

Blacking, s. k$ b6ya-t, b%a-t. 
Blackish, adj. *>y~* muswadd; 

^U^ aswadani-y. 
Blacksmith, a. »>W ^addad. 
Bladder, a. &U~ ma§ana-t; &y*~ 

Digitized by 





mibwala-t. — (gall bladder) fyy 

Blade, *. &-»> naela-t (pi. JU» 

nisal, J-rt ansul). 
Blamable, ad/. ffi\ s-^j wajib 

al-laum; f!Utt &**>-* musta- 

hiqq al-malani ; fk yulam. 
Blame, v. ($ lam, yalum ; f*i 

zamm, yazumm; s-*** 'ayyab, 

yu'ayyib; #y wabbah, yuwab- 

Blame, s. rf laum ; &»X» mazam- 

Blameless, adj. v>^ **** ^ ma 

'aleh 'itab; v^ 3 la yu'ab. 
Blanch, v.a. y*et bayya£, yubay- 

Bland, adj. (*J** halim ; g**>j 

Blandish, v. UD la^af, yula^if ; 

(j)U mallaq, yumalliq. 
Blandishment, s. &&%• mulata- 

fa-t ; <3*Us tamliq. 
Blandness, *. &*)** 'uzuba-t; ^ 

hilm ; W j$ wada'a-t. 
Blank, ad/, (white) J^\ abyad. — 

(empty) ^J^ hali. — (without 

rhyme) g**—* ^ ger musajja'. 
Blank, *. (empty space) *&• hu- 

lu; U*fi<Ja\ 
Blanket, «. <-0 lahaf; <^U4 

lifcaf (pi. «-*J luhuf).* 
Blaspheme, v. <*J<*+ jaddaf, yu- 

jaddif ; y^kafar, yakfur. 
Blasphemes, *. <*J*x^* mujaddif. 
Blasphemous, adj. <J*<*r tajdifi-y. 
Blasphemy, 8. c^jk«r tajdif. 
Blast, a. £^# nafha-t (pi. *a>\ -at). 
Blast, v. (blight) Jt«i zabbal, yu- 

zabbil. — (split rocks by gun- 
powder) y«S* tayyar, yutayyir. 
Blaze, s. &*£ lahaba-t; s-^ 

Blaze, v.n. s «- o * lahib, yalhab ; 

s-^» talahhab, yatalahhab ; s-6*N 

iltahab, yaltahib. — (spread news) 

j&\ aShar, yuihir. 
Blazon, s. (coat of arms) &»^ 

'alama-t (pi. {&* 'alain, fjbz 

'alayim) ; ^UJ ni£an (pi. ^*aW* 


Blazon, v. (decorate) ^M a'lam, 

yu'lim ; (^y zayyan, yuzayyin. — 

(spread about) ji*\ aihar, yu£hir. 
Bleach, v. J^i bayyad, yubayyi^ ; 

j*i qassar, yuqa§sir. 
Bleacher, s. JV~£ gassal. 
Bleaching, s. J*- *> tagsil. 
Bleak, o$. (cota) *>;W band. — 

(cheerless) }*&• mukaddir. 
Bleakness, s. *j* bard. 
Blear, adj. <ja+*\ a'mas, f. Wc 

'amsa (pi. yo** 'urn?). 
Bleakness, «. <joW* 'imas. 
Bleat, v. <j*t ba'a, yab'a; { ^» 

ma'a, yam'a ; g+** ma'ma', yu- 

Bleat, s. &u** ma'ma'a-t. 
Bleed, v.n. f»> la# naqqat dam, 

yunaqqit ; f*> JU sal dam, yasil ; 

a. ^ fasad, yafsid, yafsud ; J*>\ 

^» f»> ahaz dam min, ya'huz. 
Bleeding, s. S»>Ui fasada-t (pi. 

a?U* fasa'id). 
Blemish, «. s-^ft 'aib ; jU *ar. 
Blemish, v. J^-i^ afsad, yufsid; 

cJdrt atlaf , yutlif . 
Blench, v. \jf g^ raja 4 li-wara, 

yarja* ; ^^^\ ahjam, ju^jim. 
Blend, v.^. laUt\ lhtala^, yabtalit ; 

SjU mazaj, yumazij ; a. U*- 

halat, yahlut ; cy mazaj, yam- 

Bless, v. ^W barak, yubarik. — 

(make happy) »**~\ asa*d, yus'id. 

— (bless God) *U\ jb» ^akar 

allah, yaskur. 
Blessed, adj. ^^ mubarak ; J^u 

sa'id ; <J^$* tubani-y. 
Blessedness, s. SjU-, sa'ada-t ; 

^ baraka-t ; ^J* tuba. 
Blessing, «. ^ baraka-t; dp* 

tabarruk (both pi. *&>\ -at). 
Blight, «. (^«ft. hiss ; j* ^irr, (j-^-« 

Blight, v. ^«ft- hass, yahuss. 
Blind, adj. {S **\ a*ma, f. ^ 

'amja (pi. ^j^x <umi, ^^c «um- 

yan) ; ^W** 'amjan. 
Blind, v. (make blind) ^^ 'amma, 

yu*ammi; ^^^^ a*ma, yu'mi. — 

(darken) (J±\ aglam, yujlim. 

Digitized by 





Blind, *. fyla- sitara-t (pi. ^U- sa- 

tayir) ; £j\^ bardaya-t (pi. s*>\ 

Blindfold, v. &**& U) rabat ain- 

hu, yarbit, yarbu^. 
Blindness, *. Ue ( ama ; **U* 

Blink, *. (glance) p* nazar (pi. 

j&H anzar) ; &L talla-t. — (mo- 
ment) &*J lahja-t. 
Blink, v. ij^»j ramai, yarmiS, yar- 

mus ; y** gamaz, yagmiz ; <ji^ 

***** barqaq 'aine-hi, yubarqiq. 
Bliss, Blissfulness, *. 8*>U~ ga'a- 

Blissful, adj. oj*~*» mas'ud. 
Blister, s. (swelling) &**fi* baq- 

biqa-t ; &*&. habba-t. — (plaster) 

£i\^ harraqa-t. 
Blister, v.n. {&s\ intafah, vanta- 

Blithe, Blithesome, adj. t»j~** 

mabsut ; gWj* farhan ; \j>y** 

Blithesomeness, s. U— *rt inbisat ; 

£%& bahja-t ; &>l£i nasata-t ; 

**U* baiaia-t. 
Bloat, v.a. (# nafah, yanfuh ; ^ 

warram, yuwarrim ; n. (J&\ in- 
tafah, yantafih. 
Bloatedness, s. £&* nafh. 
Block, *. (of wood, &c.) &y> qur- 

ma-t; £**/ qirmiya-t (pi. <j»\f 

qirami). — (hindrance) g*U mani' 

(pi. g\y mawani'). 
Block, v. (stop) «-A*j waqqaf, yu- 

waqqif; \JA** has, yahu3. — (a 

harbour, &c.) j°\*> ljasar, yuha$ir; 

Jc L^ s-»/* darab halaqiya-t 

4 ala, yadrib. 
Blockade, s. $;->W« mnljasara-t ; 

J**- hisar; Jf& M^- s-»/* darb 

halaqiya-t 'ala. 
Blockhead, s. &**\ ahmaq ; •**!* 

balid ; **** huka'a-t ; ££** hu- 

Blonde, s. j*&$\ \/* saqra ai- 

Blood, *. (>** dam (pi. Uo dima). — 

(kindred) s-~- * nasab. — (ojf- 

spring) J~* nasi. 

Bloody, acfy'. (stained with blood) 
fjJl* «A>yu mulawwas bi'd-dam. — 
(sanguinary) J*^ qatil ; *s)l*«. 
UjJ\ saffak ad-dima; r}*~ saf- 

Bloom, Blossom, f>) zahar; Syfcj 
zahra-t ; rf naur (pi. j\jrt anwar). 
— (fif youth) ^yki 'unfuwan. 

Bloom, Blossom, v. yfcj zahar, 
yazhar; j&)\ azhar, yuzhir; rf 
nawwar, yunawwir. 

Blot, s. (stain, spot) £*«? buq'a-t ; 
&» nuqta-t (pi. W» nuqat, ^ 
niqat). — (morally) s-«** 'aib (pi. 
^jac «uyub). 

Blot, v. (stain) *±>y lawwas, yulaw- 
wis ; £** baqqa', yubaqqi*. — 
(obliterate) £-j wassah, yuwas- 
sih ; < j^» maha, yamhi, yamhu ; 
£~i nasah, yansah ; <jJLL (alas, 

Blotch, *. &j*** baqbuqa-t; ^ 
waram (pi. f\^\ auram). 

Blotch, v. (blacken) ty* sawwad, 
yusawwid. — (spot) *±>y lawwag, 
yulawwig ; gij baqqa 4 , yubaqqi*. 

Blotting-paper, «. ^/U^\ j^ waraq 
al-ma8s; ^^\ j;* waraq aJ- 

Blow, *. ty darba-t ; i^U lat^a-t. 
— (into the face) WjX la^ma-t. 

Blow, v. £& nafah, yanfah, yan- 
fuh ; s-*a habb, yahubb. — (the 
trumpet) toy^^ j»> daqq bi-'l- 
buqa-t, yaduqq. — (blow the nose) 
j$ bazar, yabzir ; !aa£w»^ imtahat, 

Blubber, s. (++**> sahm (pi. fj*> 

Bludgeon, *. vo^i nabbut (pi. 
s-^»W> nababib) ; &Sj zaqla-t ; 

&2j~»+ miswaqa-t 
►lue. adi. iS\\\ az 

Blue, adj. j^ azraq, f. \*j) garqa 

(pi. 4» zurq). 
Blue, Blueness, s. iijj zurqa-t. 
Bluff, s. (steep bank) l^ tahdi- 

ra-t ; jy**> hadur. 
Bluff, adj. h & l- t> galiz ; ^ > t .- ^ 

Bluffness, *. ^^ galaga-t ; &l**k 


Digitized by 





Bluish, adj. topH J\ J*U mayil ila 

Blunder, 8. p* sahu ; RAt galta-t. 
Blunder, v. Jj zall, yazill; ^ 

galit, yaglat. 
Blunt, adj. ±*}\ W>** mugallaz al- 

hadd. — (of manner) W* galiz. 
Blunt, v. ^ gallaz, yugalliz ; J^ 

akall, yukill. 
Bluntness, *. *W£ galaza-t; &h 

Blur, *. (stain) s-*e* 'aib (pi. ^j** 

Blur, v. £~j wassah, yuwassih. 
Blurt, v. J^M> harfai, yuharfis\ 
Blush, v. j+*\ ahmarr, ya^marr. 
Bluster, v. f&\ if tahar, yaf tahir ; 

j£* fasar, yafsur. 
Bluster, a. jjAi fusur ; ;U^\ ifti- 

Blusterer, 8. J^^ fas^ar; ^a**** 

Boar, 8. J*i jty^ hinzir fahl. 
Board, 8. (plank) tf lauh, loh 

(pi. cV^ alwftl ?) ; ^ daff (P L 
«^j**> dufuf) ; tr^ umsuh.— 
( fare) wf qut ; f\& ta'am ; 
J*\*+ ma'as. — (of a ship) *-*£> 
s-**^ $araf al-markab. — (on 
board) s-^N ^ fi-'l-markab. — 
(cover of a book) i±ekr tajlida-t. 

Board, v. (cover with wood) s ~&»* 
has&ib, yuhas&b ; c^W \J*j* faros' 
bi-'l-lau^, yafrus. — (enter a ship 
by force) Sy s-V ^J\ ^ tal a ' ila 
markab quwwatan, ya^la* ; **M» 
s-*/^ sabak al-markab, yaibuk. 
— (furnish with food) <£+&\* (***A 
attain bi-'s-saman ; ($+&\i v&>\5 
qat bi-Vsainan, yaqut. 

Boarish, adj. <^j*y^ hinziri-y ; 
^j+eV bahiuii-y ; M± galiz. 

Boast, v. fkxfi iftahar, yaftahir. 

Boast, s. f*& tafahhur ; ^U^ ifti- 

Boastful, f&&" muftahir. 

Boastfulness, 8. f*& taffahhur. 

Boat, s. s^ qarib (pi. ^V 9 a " 
warib) ; J;^j zauraq (pi. 


Bode, v.a. J* J*> dall 'ala, yadull ; 
v» ^5-i^ anba bi, yunbi. 

Bodice, s. l**~ sudaira-t; t#j 
zabun (pi. &i)\ azbina-t). 

Bodily, adj. ^ »^ % jasadi-y; 
^U—*. jismani-y. 

Bodkin, s. )\y±* mihraz (pi. >*jU* 

Body, s. **— ► jasad (pi. *>^-*^ aj- 

8 M) ; f* * jism (pi. r*W^ 

ajsam) ; <^ hadan (pi. q^ 
abdan).— (dead body) &+ jussat 
(pi. t^^jusas). — (collective body) 

fr+ J am< - 
Bog, 8. &*<— sabha-t (pi. £W- 

sibah) ; &a i * — * masbaha-t ; ^aW 

batiha-t (pi. ^ batayih). 
Boggle, v. «jy»* ta*awwaq, yata'aw- 

waq ; s->^ irtab, yartab. 
Bogqy, adj. ^aw- sabhi-y. 
Boil, v.n. J± gala, yagli ; a. ^\ 

agla, yugli ; J^- salaq, yasluq. 
Boil, s. (tumour) &*yA baqbuqa-t ; 

ft) waram (pi. f>\jy\ auram). 
Boiler, s. of** ma*un (pi. e^^r* 

mawiVin) ; ^ hulla-t (pi. ji^ 

hulal) ; &+J burma-t ; jt- satal 

(pi. J^. sutul). ^ 

Boisterous, adj. <-A-« *asif ; *^^» 

Boisterou8NESs, e. ^ rajja-t ; 

cV^ irtijaj ; ft*** sidda-t. 
Bold, arfj. ^-W jasir; gW^ ^ja*. 
Boldness, *. *; W jasara-t ; ^c^ 

Bole, 8. (trunk) &»jS qurma-t. — 

(bolus) Zfr balu 4 . 
Bolster, s. Sj^at^ mihadda-t (pi. 

J^« mahadd) ; &a* ~ * masnad (pi. 

jiL-^ masanid). 
Bolt, s. (dart) p*~ sahm (pi. ^W- 

sabam). — (of a door) <j-^ dar- 

bas (pi. u-e»^;*> darabis). 
Bolt, v. u-*/> darbas, yudarbis. 
Bomb, s. s-*** bomb, bumb ; 5^?-** 

qumbara-t (pi. ^Ui qanabir). 
Bombard, v. ^^ fi s-*** s^ darab 

bomb au qanabir, yadrib. 
Bombardier, *. j*&\ s->\r* darrab 

al - qumbar ; ^;. *» i > qumbar- 

Digitized by 



Bombardment, 8. jjjtfH v*^ darb 

Bombast, s. &J\** mubalaga-t; 
«/ ifrat ; ftttt j £* nafh fi- 
Bombastic, ac?/. u-AbU mukallif. 
Bond, «. (he) Lb^ ribat (pi. «t>^W ; 
ribatat, Wj rubut) ; J^ habl (pi. 
JW^ hibal, J*W habayil).— 
(fetter) ^Vj zanjir (pi. ^) 
zanajir).— (for debt) xu* sanad 
(pi. j\sJ\ asnad) ; * s\ ~ ~ *5 tamas- 
suk (pi. «t>\ -at). 
Bondage, *. h*y** 'abudiyat. 
Bondsman, s. m^U damin ; J-tf 

Bone, 8. (M «azra (pi. p&* 'izam, 

f£*\ a'zuin). 
Boneless, adj. f&e\ <C U ma lahu 

Bonfire, «. X^juc ^U nar 'aidiya-t 

(pi. ^^J niran). 
Bonnet, a. (cap) A-^li qallusa-t (pi. 
er-**^* qalalis) ; J^^ tarbus (pi. 
cr-aft^ tarabis). 
Bonny, ad/. sj~>£ ku way vis ; cJUai 

Bony, ad;. ^4^ 'agnri-y. 
Booby, s. &**\ ahinaq ; <j~>s tais 
(pi. u-^ tuyus, <j-Wrt atyas) ; 
J^« bahlul (pi. J-% bahalil). 
Book, s. s-A^kitab (pi. s-^kutub). 
— (division of a work) y* juz ; 
vW bab. — (account book) ytf*> 
daftar; &+*\i qayima-t (pi. ^ji 
qawayim) ; ^W hawi. 
Book, t?. yijJ\ J* jlJ> qayyad fi-'d- 

daftar, yuqayyid. 
Bookbinder, «. Jd^* mujallid ; 

«*!Ua. habbak. 
Book-keeper, *. s-~*W« muhasib. 
Book8Eller, *. s-***N gWt bayya' 
al-kutub ; {tS ~£ kutubi-y ; JW« 
Boon, s. £*** ni'ama-t (pi. ^*> 
ni'am); J-tf fadl (pi. JUtf 
Boon, adj. y^-* masrur; L, 

Boon-companion, 8. ^a* nadim 



Boor, s. t*l* galiz ; &&fl\ ^j^ 

'adim at-tarbiya-t. 
Boorish, adj. ^U fallahi-y ; &&A. 

Boorishness, 8. &U*s. haiana-t; 

&^ gilaza-t. 
Boot, «. &•)* jizma-t (pi. «^\ -at, 
fy+ jizam) ; J^jj zarbul (pi. J-^j 
Booth, «. (shed, cottage) £/ kuh 
(pi. fctjrt akwah, (^U^ kihan)"; 
u^ huss (pi. ^U^t ahsas). — 
(stall at a fair) q\£j dukkaa (pi. 
itP&SJ dakakin) ; «t>yU- hanut 
(pi. vs^J^ hawanit). 
Booty, *. &*** ganima-t (pi. ^Ufe 
ganayim) ; M* nuhba-t ; ***** 
inagnam (pi. ^U- maganim). 
Border, 8. &W haffa-t; &*aU 
M3iya-t (pi. ^\f* hawasl). — 
(boundary) •*»* hadd (pi. ^J** 
hudud) ; ^ tuhm (pi. pf& 
tuhum) ; j-*S sagr (pi. Jr Jtf 
Border, v. J-»\ ittasal, yattasil ; 

^V» tahain, yutahim 
Borderer, «. ^^^ mujawir. 
Bore, v. (perforate) ^ haraz, 
yahriz ; s-^fii naqab, yanqub ; 
s-a* saqab, yasqub. — (annoy, be 
tedious) JM amall, yumill ; Jft) 
za"al, yuza"il. 
Bore, s. J^U* mamlM ; Jcy» mu- 

Borer, «. j^« mihraz (pi. jjW-« 

mahariz) . 
Borouoh, 8. kj» qarya-t (pi. ^ 

Borrow, v. j\*z~.\ ista'ar, yasta*ir ; 
c &L >^\ istaslaf, yastaslif ; <j*jSj\ 
iqtarad, yaqtarid. 
Borrower, s. ^ y u^^ mustaqrid. 
Bosom, 8. ^ sadr ; &*»» hida (pi. 

&}**■ hudun). 
Boss, s. h±* hadba-t ; fa& baq- 

Botanic, Botanical, adj. ^W* 

Botanise, v. s-Ajs 'assab, yu*as^ib ; 
^U^ ^5 lamm haiayis, ya- 

Digitized by 





Botanist, *. «t>VjlfjJVj u»jU «arif bi- 

'n-nabatat; v»^ 'a^ab. 
Botany, «. <«>Utl*fiR ^ <ilm an-na- 

Botch, v. (patch) gl; raqqa', yu- 

Both, adj. » kila, f. Utf kilta; 

(;)**>^ al-asnen. 
Bother, 8. &a$ saqla-t ; s-**> ta'ab ; 

vj^^> taiwi£. 
Bother, v. «JLc ,Jtf saqqal 'ala, 

yusaqqil ; $*)\ az'aj, yuz'ij ; ^* 

,Jc £awwa£ 'ala, yusawwiS. 
Bottle, *. SjUi qazaza-t (pi. y^- 

qazayiz) ; &*^ qannina-t (pi. 

Js*U* qanani) ; &&** £isa-t (Pers*) ; 

Sj^Vi qarura-t (pi. ^y qawarir). 
Bottom, a. ytf qa'ar (pl.;j** qu'ur) ; 

s-a* 'uqb (pi. s^^ a'qab, s-*** 

Bottomless, adj. j\p d ^ ma lahu 

Bough, «. &-afc gusna-t (pi. 0^^ 

ag?an, (^ gusn) ; & far* (pi. 

lit furu<). 
Bounce, «. (noise) £**y qarqa'a-t. 

— (untruthful boast) J^i fusar. 
Bounce, s. (make a noise) giy 

qarqa', yuqarqi'. — (leap) 1=* natt, 

yanutt ; s-*»j wasab, yusib. 
Bouncing, adj. (*}& 'azim (pi. 

fU&c 'izam, Ul&e 'uzama). 
Bound, ad/, (obliged) yf+* mam- 

nftn. — (to a place) ^-»^ qasid ; 

&et-)X* mutawajjih. 
Bound, Boundary, s. •**. hadd (pi. 

^Jko- hadiid). — (leap) && nafta-t ; 

SyAiqafza-t; S)<*3 qaroza-t. 
Bound, v. (limit) *>J^ haddad, yu- 

haddid. — (leap) see Bounce. 
Boundless, adj. Aa. *5 U ma. la-hu 

Bounteous, Bountiful, adj. ^at- 

sahi-y (pi. W^t-^ ashiyft) ; mS 

karim ; &*ydu fi**a yad-hu maftu- 

ha-t (his hand is open). 
Bounty, 8. ^t— saha; S^Ut— Saha- 
ra- 1 ; 8*>^* jftda-t ; ^ karam. 
Bouquet, s. )*) ^iW baqa-t zahar ; 

yfcj t^ mirbat? zahar. 
Bovine, adj. o*/* baqari-y. 

Bow, v. <y^ inhana, yanhani; 
£-&*- hada', yahdu*. — (in prayer) 
g^ raka', yarka*. 

Bow, 8. (obeisance) U»*\ inhina; 
g^ hudu'; **$ rak'at.— (/or 
shooting) <j*y> qaus (pi. ^^-i 
qusi-y, u*V' aqwas). — (knot) 
Slvac uqda-t (pi. •*** 'uqad). 

Bowels, *. ^-±*^ ah£a ; \*A am 'a. — 
(compassion) &&* £afaqa-t. 

Bower, *. &A*;* 'arisa-t (pi. v/*^ 

Bowl, s. (vessel) &£b batiya-t (pi. 
J^y bawati) ; *i^j zabdiya-t 
(pi. «^^j zabadi). — (ball) **U» 

Box, «. (case) «Jj«^ sanduq (pi. 
^4*>Uc sanadiq) ; W» 'ulba-t (pi. 
s-Jl* *ulab) ; ^b- huqqa-t(pl. £B- 
huqaq, jVa». hiqaq). — (tree) y* 
baqs. — (blow) &I*J lakma-t; WJ 

Box, v. {& lakam, yalkum; f&3 
talakam, yatalakam. 

Boy, s. <Ay walad (pi. *ty aulad) ; 
,j*-o ?abi-y (pi. ^W» subyan, 
gibyttn) ; ^ gulam (pi. iUfc 
gilma-t, (jjUlfc gilman, Wi\ agli- 

Boyhood, *. v»Wa sabab ; & -erx*± 
^ubibiya-t ; S^W* |abawa-t. 

Boyish, adj. iy** ^ zu ^abwa-t. 

Boyishness, s. S^-o sabwa-t ; ^^ 

Brace, s. (tie) SjJte 'uqda-t (pi. j^c 
'uqad) ; Jo» band (pi. Jy*) 
buniid). — (pair) fy) zauj (pi. 
6^ azwaj). 

Brace, v. (bind) J^fi 'aqad, ya'qid ; 
•^1 sadd, yasudd ; ^ rabat, yar- 
bit, yarbut. — (strengthen) ^y 
qawwa, yuqawwi. 

Bracelet, s. j\y~ siwar, suwar (pi. 
6;^ aswira-t, ))\~\ asawir) ; ^Ua 
dumlaj (pi. gJUodamalij); ^^Uj 
dumliij (pi. gtJt-j damalij). 

Bracing, adj. ^yu muqawwi-y ; 
oxa^ mu^addid. 

Bracket, s. s->^ killab (pi. s-«J^ 
kalalib) ; iiVac 'uqqafa-t (pi. 
«-M\ac 'aqaqlry. 

Digitized by 





Brackish, adj. ^U malih. 
Brackishness, a. Xo.yu nmluha-t. 
Brag, v. f*&\ iftahar, yaftahir. 
Brag, s. j^i\ iftihar ; jUi f uiar. 
Braggart, i^-*i f assar ; ^afcx** muf- 

tahir ; *_*U) laggaf . 
Braid, *. (of hair) lycM dafira-t 

(pljilfc* dafayir); *W jadila-t 

(pi. JaW jadayil). — (trimming) 

«*J^- sajaf; M>W hasiya-t (pi. 

o^V* hawasi) ; !<*/• garit (pi. 

t^Ai suru$). 
Braid, v. Jj^ jadal, yajdil; yt± 

daffar, yudaffir ; UfcJ laff, jaluff. 
Brain, a. £• muhh (pi. £Va£»\ am- 

hah) ; £U*> dimag (pi. &u*>\ ad- 

Brainless, adj. gUo % bila dimag ; 

j*y«U maltus ; *^>X~* masliib. 
Bramble, 8. <JfeUH «^y tut al- 

Bran, s. 8V*» nuhala-t; £*>; rid- 

Branch, s. y± gusn (pi. g^M 

ag?an, yyok gueun) ; £/ far 4 (pi. 

Branch iness, 8. <$\*t$\ S^ kasra-t 

Branchy, adj. ^Ufc^ ^JS kasir al- 
'agsan ; £^» mufarra*. 
Brand, s. %&** jizwa-t (pi. <^* 

jiza, juzi) ; &** su'ala-t (pi. J** 

su'al). — (mark) f+«y wasm (pi. 

fj~j wusum). 
Brand, v. p~) wasam, yasim ; g«^ 

laza', yalza*. 
Brandish, v.y*)* hazhaz, yuhaz- 

hiz ; tjL tawwah, yutawwili ; ©; 

rajj, yarujj. 
Brandt, a. <j;jU~y j/s 'araq frin- 

Brasier, 8. Ja** minqal, manqal 

(pi. J»U* manaqil). — (worker in 

brass) (j-W nahhas. 
Brass, *. yu\ ^W* nuhas asfar. 
Brassy, ad/. <j-^ e^ m ^ n nu t as » 

— (impudent) W* ^ bila haya; 

M- safih (pi. V- sufaha'). 
Bravado, *. <%*& tahdid ; s-*e*/ 

tarhib ; &"jQ* jahrama-t. 
Brave, adj. &** suja 4 ; g**A saji* 

(pi. o**** Suj'ao); ^ .J zu 

bas ; J^A fahl (pi. J^i fuhul). 
Bravery, 8. i*^* £aja'at ; £jW 

bu^iila-t ; k*i* jaza'na-t. 
Bravo, s. J*tf qatil ; ctJto^ saffak ; 

ctX>U fatik (pi. *)U* futtak). 
Bravo, interj. *sJUlc 'afak ; «^~*^ 

ahsant ; *U-e* hasanan ; dj* aU 

li-'l-lahi darruk. 
Brawl, s. &** fitna-t ; ^ hai{ ; 

LUa hiyat ; <5>V** tahanuq. 
Brawler, *. J?^ muhati. 
Brawn, s. (muscular part of the 

body) J-4* *adal. — (bodily strength) 

Sy» quwwa-t. 
Brawny, adj. J-te *adil. 
Bray, v. (as an ass) <3e* nahaq, 

yanhaq. — (in a mortar) <J^- 

sahaq, yashaq. 
Bray, *. j^ nuhiiq. 
Braze, v. (solder) ^ laham, yal- 

Brazen, Brazier, see Brassy, 

Breach, s. (of walls, &c.) &*# naq- 

ba-t; W*)\ J> U# fathat fi- , l- 

hayii; ^Ul> §ulma-t (pi. fi* 

sulain). — (of an agreement) j*& 

*%*1\ naqd al-'ahd. 
Bread, s. y*± hubz. — (livelihood) 

u~>* *ai^. 
Breadth, s. <J>?l *ard. 
Break, s. j~£ kasr (pi. j^-^kusur) ; 

l&te* maqata'at ; £te&\ inqita*. — 

(break of day) jtyfi &»11» tal*at an- 

nahar ; j+d\ ^a saqq al-fajr. 
Break, v. f~£ kasar, yaksir ; kas- 

sar, yukassir. — (a promise, faith, 

&c.) q\± han, yahun; *r> f* 

qassar bi, yuqassir ; J& naqa4> 

Breakfast, s. ^ f ufiir. 
Breakfast, v. ^h fatar, yaftar, 

Breast, *.^ju> gadr (pLj^ sudur). 

— (of a woman) &**- hidn (pi. 

^^ hudua) ; J^ nahd (pi. 

»>^ nuhiid). 
Breath, s. <j~m nafas (pi. ,j-U>^ 

anfas) ; v~M> tanaffus. — (tye) 

«t>^ ^ayat; ^U— i nasama-t. — 

Digitized by 





(breath of air) f**~J nasim ; £*# 

Breathe, v. ij~tos tanaffus, yata- 

Breathless, adj. y-AAX £}&• maq- 

tu' an-nafas. 
Breeches, «. J^ sirwal (pi. J^U- 
tubban (pi. ^us 

sarawil) ; ^W* 
tababin) ; jy—L £ Jb» 
^aUa sahiUir). 

£ahiur (pi. 

Breed, v. ^ walad, yulid; (;^ 

hadan, yadhun. — (rear) ^j-t; 

rabba* yurabbi. 
Breed, s. J-i nasi ; vy* jins (pi. 

<j-y* juniis, ,j-W^ ajnas). 
Breeding, e. &*f tarbiya-t ; s-*^ 

ta'adib; *^>S\ adab (pi. ^»\S\ 

Breeze, s. *«~i nasim (pi. pL-i 

nisam) ; £*,&* nafha-t (pi. **A 

-at); V hawa (pi. ^Jfc\ ahwi- 

Breezy, adj. ^y* hawai-y. 
Brethren, 8. J\y**\ ah wan. 
Breviary, 8. ^y^ «^y* v>US 

kitab salawat al-fard. 
Brevity, 8. jWJ ij&z ; L-j> dab{. 
Brew, v. SjP^ J*c <amil al-biiza-t, 

ya'mal S^ £*L tabah bira-t, 

Brewer, *. i)yJ\ J*lc 'amil al- 
biiza-t; ^Ui fuqqa'i-y. 
Brewery, *. Sj«3\ J*«* ma'mal al- 
biiza-t ; gVwft J-mu. mammal al- 

Bribable, adj. J*»j** niubartal, 

o^V* murtaSi. 
Bribb, s. £-1^ bartala-t; J-J^t 

baitil (pi. J*U^ baratfl) ; *j*»j 

raswa-t (pi. ^ rusa). 
Bribe, v. Ji^ bartal, yubartil; 

{$&*> dahan, yadhun ; u*; rasV, 

yarsT, yarsu\ 
Brick, 8. s^° tub, tob ; •***/ qir- 

mid, qarmid (pi. J^y qaramid). 
Brick, v. <**£ aarmad, yuqarmid. 
Brick-bat, 8. h^> tuba-t. 
Bricklayer, 8. J^^a* muqarmid. 
Bridal, 8. <j*f 'urs (pi. <j*\f\ 

a'ras) ; t/ farafc (pi. t^ afrah). 
Bridal, adj. ^j* 'nrsi-y. 

Bride, 8. ^^ 'arus ; &-^ 'arusa-t 

(pi. lHI^ 'arayis). 
Bridegroom, 8. ^jc 'aris. 
Bridge, «. S^ qan^ara-t (pi. y»L* 

qanatir); y>~+ jisr (pi. jj~*. 

Bridle, s. f^J lijam (pi. **>\ -at, 

^ lujum, &*^H aljima-t) ; ^^ 

'inan (pi. ^j-^-x 'unan, Ljl^\ 

a* inn a- 1). 
Bridle, v. ^ lajjam, yulajjim ; 

f^\ aljam, yuljim. — (restrain) 

f^\ aljam, yuljim ; )***> dabat, 

Brief, 8. U- haft (pi. ty** hutut) ; 

s-»W?srt intihab ^ raqm (pi. 

f\*j\ arqam). 
Brief, adj. j**i qasir ; j*&* muq- 

Brier, 8. d)* Sauk, £ok (pi. db\y*\ 

Briery, adj. osJj* ^»> zu ^auk ; ui^Ui 

^ayik ; *i^A-« muswik, musaw- 

Brig, Brigantine, * 

(pi. &iy±\ agriba-t). 
Brigade, 8. hj£-~* 

4 askariya-t (pi. j T 

liwa (Turk.). 
Brigadier, s. &»jt 

firqa-t ; \f yo* mir liwa. 
Brigand, e. ^f* harami-y ; gVU 

j^Vy\ qa^ta* at-tariq ; JaJ luss 

(pi. \j>y& lu8us, \j>\*&\ alsas). 
Bright, adj. jt^ barraq; ^3 

lami* ; ^+ mudi ; ^« munir ; 

J+ jali-y. 
Brighten, v.a. g ♦ ^ lamma', yu- 

lammi' ; J^ jala, yajli ; n. <J^\ 

injala, yanjali. 
Brightness, a. <5*^ raunaq; V 

lila ; fiy^ jalwa-t ; ^* diya ; ^tj 

lam'at ; Ul sana. 
Brilliancy, »., Brilliant, ad/\ 

see Brightness, Bright. 
Brilliant, *. ^UX^ almas ; u-Ui\ 

«^» almas birlant. 
Brim, s. i»U. ha£fa-t, a**W hafiya-t 

(pi. ^^ hawafi) ; ^ fura (pi. 

l»Ui\ afiuam, ^y^ aiwah). 

^V g uraD 

^*y tirqa-t 
firaq); ^ 

^rrfj rayis 

Digitized by 





Beim, v. a. %• mala, jam la ; n. J** 

tamalla, yatamalla. 
Brimming, Brimful, adj. ^\ £+* 

p&\ mamlu ila-'l-fum. 
Brimstone, 8. «h^ kibrit. 
Brine, a. ^JU U ma' malih. 
Bring, v. s-»W jab, yajib ; s-JL*. 

jallab, yujallib ; s-» j\ ata bi, 

yati. — (cause to come) ^^ wadda, 

yuwaddi. — (bring about) J*£ 

kammal, yukammil. — (bring 

forth children) ^ walad, yalid. 
Brink, s. <*J^> taraf (pi. u\}*\ 

Briny, adj. ^JU malih. 
Brisk, adj. i*** na£i$. 
Briskness, *. kl£J nasa^- 
Bristle, a. jty^- f* sa'ar hinzir. 
Bristle, v. \JJ*\ innafas, yanna- 

fis ; s-** qabb, yaqubb. 
Brittle, adj. j^~Sj}\ gj^- sari* al- 

inkisar ; s-J*»H Qy~ sari* al-'a^b ; 

ijt\) wahi. 
Brittleness, 8. s-W\ &y» sur'at 

al-'atb; j\~Si)\ Aty- sur'at al- 
io kisar. 
Broach, 8. (spit) £©- sih (pi. fcW-^ 

asyah). — (ornament) ^^ qurs 

(pi. \j>\j\ aqras). 
Broach, t?. s-**» saqab, yasqub ; 

***a sakk, yasukk. — (a ca*A;) Jj)t 

bazal, yabzul. 
Broad, <uZ/. jbj* 'aricj. 
Broad-cast, «. ^ bazr ; jU* nisar. 
Broad-side, «. £i\i*H J* jJM»\ 

^j-UM s-*** (^ i^laq kull al- 

madafi' min jamb al-galyun. 
Brocade, 8. $Wa*> dibaj ; <j-*u«. 

Broil, *. ,jp^ tahanuq ; &*U*» 

musakala-t ; ^55 takrar ; &*y*» 

ha^uma-t ; *>*d ladad. 
Broil, v. ^$j*» sawa, yaiwi ; sawwa 

yuiawwi; s-^ kabbab, yukab- 

Broker, e. J3»> dallal (pi. &£$* 

dallalin) ; ^\— ^— samsar (pi. 

S^-U— samasira-t). 
Brokerage, a. &3*> dalala-t; Sj*\ 

J3jJ\ ujra-t ad-dallal; S ; 


Bronze, «. /*t <j*W nuhas a? far ; 

gy tiij (Turk.). 
Brood, v. <j±*J\ ^ Ai> raqad *ala- 

'1-bed, yarqud ; ( 1 j-^ hadan, yah- 

dkin. — (in thought) j+*\ admar, 

Brood, 8. &-** hadna-t ; &/ qar- 

qa-t ; \Syo sii? (pi. ejU* sisan) ; 

Brook, 8. ^j*^- saqiya-t (pi. o^j- 

sawaqi) ; ^;** ruajra (pi. <^;W* 

majari) ; Jj^ jadwal (pi. JjW 

Brook, v. { J^ j~° sabar 'ala, yas- 

bur; J-*** tahammal, yataham- 

Broom, *. (plant) ^j ratam; Jtjj 

wazal. — (besom) &~j£* mikoasa-t 

(pi. ij~i\£" makanis) ; &£*• mu- 

Broth, 8. 8*j* ^urba-t ; iiy mara- 

qa-t ; a5^l1« masluqa-t (pi. ^5^^* 

Brothel, «. *>U-aJ\ o^ bet al- 

fasad ; )f-\* mahur (pi. jt*^y 

Brother, *. ^ ah, ^\ ahii (pi. S^\ 

ihwa-t, (^^-\ ah wan). — (by the 

same mother) <J &&•« ^aqiq. — 

(brother-in-law) j&» sahr. 
Brotherhood, *. ^ iha* ; hf»\ 

Brotherliness, 8. S^ uhuwwa-t ; 

Sj*. huwwa-t. 
Brotherly, adj. ^^A ahawi-y. 
Brow, 8. (forehead) ^*** jabin (pi. 

if+A ajbun, &*+\ ajbina-t) ; %«- 

jabha-t (pi. *^A -at) ; &*!* ^uPat. 

— (eye-brow) s-^-^- hajib (pi. 

s-^^ hawajib). 
Browbeat, v. <j~*** ta'abbas, ya- 

ta'abbas ; «-Axft 'annaf, yu'annif ; 

«^^- hawwaf, yuhawwif. 
Brown, adj. j+~\ asmar, f. \j*— 

samra (pi. ^— sumr). 
Brownish, adj. ^y^A asmara- 

Brownness, 8. 8^4— sumra-t ; ^U— 

Browse, v. ^ ra'a, yar'a; ^ysj{ 

irta'a, yarta'i ; g) rata', yarta*. 

Digitized by 





Bruise, g. &*; radda-t ; ^ju» $ad- 

ma-t ; &*> da&a-t. 
Bruise, v. «*-*; radcjad, yuraddid; 

y^j ra4ra<ji, yuradrid; ^jao 

dasdas\ yudasdis\ 
Brunette, *. \j4~ samra, (f. of 

j*~ \ asmar, pi. j*~ sumr). 
Brunt, a. &**• ham la- 1 ; l*&* sa<J- 

ma-t; ^\jLo\ istidam. 
Brush, s. &•/ fur$a-t ; a***^ bar- 

slma-t; &&• muqas^a-t. 
Brush, v. l****^ utia nazzaf bi- 

'1-bargima-t, yunazzif ; ^ ..... + 

^M^^ masah bi-'l-fursa-t, yam- 

san. — {touch slightly) Uut haff, 

Brushwood, *. v>^ hur£ (pi. 

^s»\f*\ ahnU) ; &As± gaida-t (pi. 

u*& gayad). 
Brusque, adj. M* galiz ; ^^aa. 

Brusqueness, s. *U£ gilaza-t; 

&U^. hasana-t. 
Brutal, adj. (&&}\ Ji* migl al- 

bahayim ; ^5^ zalim. 
Brutalise, v.a. <J*»y waljhas, yu- 

wahhis* ; fk balain, yablam. 
Brutality, s. Wb* mazlama-t; 

^ zulm ; &Vk* fazaza-t. 
Brute, *. (*& bahim, &♦*# bahi- 

ma-t (pi. ^*W* bahayim). 
Brutish, adj. ,^+tW bahimi-y. 
Brutishness, *. < Whw bahimiya-t ; 

&-*«W* bahama-t; &U*. hama- 

Bubble, s. UM &•*«* baqbuqa-t 

al-ma. — (cheat) £*• mikr ; <jk* 

Bubble, v. (a* water) ^ gala, 

yagli ; <JM* baqbaq, yubaqbiq. 
Buccanier, 8. s-^/* «t»\>-* <Jarrab 

marakib ; l»Ui qaisat (pi. &US 

Buck, s. v~£ tais, tee (pi. ^^ 

tuyus, <^*^ atyas, *~ *> tiyasa-t, 

L.«j^» matyusa) ; /** zakar (pi. 

;j& zukur). 
Bucket, *. y*> dalu, dalw (pi. So 

dila) ; J^* min^al ; Jk. satal 

(pi. J>- satM). 
Buckle, s. ^ bazira, (*yi\ ibzim, 

abzim (pi. ^jW^ abazim); &£* 

bukala-t (pi. ut>\ -at). 
Buckle, v. ^w\ l»> haft ibzim, ya- 

hutt; (•JjW **M» Sabak al-aba- 

zim, yasbik. 
Buckler, *. <j-y turs (pi. <j*tf 

turus, \j&f\ atras) ; &;*> daraqa-t 

(pi. j;»> daraq, jW\ adraq). 
Bud, *. j) zarr (pi. jy\ azrar) ; 0*c 

'ain (pi. yytP 'uyun). 
Bud, v. y* bazz, yabuzz ; $f tazar- 

rar, yatazarrar. 
Budget, 8. J^\ u^U* ^ j^ &*$ 

*W- layiha-t trad wa masarif 

ad - duwal sanawiyyan ; s-»^— *- 

^W^afc^ ^ *&*H J^-*^ hisab mad- 
Mi al-bilad wa mahrajat-ha ; 

8***+ maxjbata-t. 
Bupp, *. ij*yW ^ jild jamus. 
Buffalo, *. <j*yW jamus (pi. 

<^~**\}* jawamis). 
Buffet, s. &**J lakma-t. 
Buffet, v. p& lakam, yalkum. 
Buffoon, «. ^at— + mashara-t (pi. 

fX~+ masahir). 
Buo, *. OW baqq; ifX** & baqq 

muntin; i-JL-j fasfasa-t, u*U~i 

fisfas (pi. ^Ui fasafis). 
Buobear, 8. JW^ hiyal ; Jj^J tah- 

wil (pi. JiJ& tahawil). 
Bugle, 8. j^> buq (pi. ^>\ -at, j^\ 

Build, v. ^ bana, yabni ; j+* 

'ammar, yu*ammir. — (a ship) 

•** madd, yamudd. 
Building, Uj bina (pi. *«^\ abni- 

ya-t) ; SjUc 'imara-t. 
Builder, *.^U** mi*mar ; W banna. 
Bulb, s. J-q» basal ; v*\j ras. 
Bulbous, od;. ^J^ ba^ali-y. 
Bulk, s. W^c 'azama-t ; ^ f uzm ; 

)^5 qadr.— (o/ a eAtp) s-^J^ ^ 

hinn al-markab. 
Bulkine8s, «. &»W jasama-t. 
Bulky, ad;. ^«— *► jasim; j*** 

Bull, s. j3 saur, gor (pi. ^^ 

giran, ;\y\ aswar). — (Papal) S^ 

WW^^ bara-t al-baba (pi. «a>\^ 

Bullet, *. l»Uj rasasa-t. 

Digitized by 





Bullion, *. y* tibr ; &a*~ sabika-t 
I (pi. ^*W— sabayik). 
Bullock, 8. ^-at* jy sor mahsi-y. 
Bully, s. ±*f* mutawa"id; oj$a* 

Bully, v. «*ey tawa"ad, yatawa"ad ; 

•>.*«> tahaddad, yatahaddad. 
Bulrush, *. ^U halfa* (pi. Utfo. 

huluf) ; J-\ asal ; y^y**- haizu- 

Bulwark, *. $j» burj (pi. g^\ 

abraj) ; **}U> tabiyah (Turk.). 
Bump, 8. ^ waram (pi. f\^\ 

Bump, v. <J&& la^aS, yaltuJ; jo 

daqq, yaduqq. 
Bumper, s. t^qadah (pi. c^ 

Bumpkin, 8. &>*** haiin ; M* galig. 
Bun, *. \j>p qurs (pi. <j°\^ aqras, 

£*ji qirasa-t). 
Bunch, «. W/» mirbat ; &^ baqa-t. 

— (°f grapes) ->yue 'anqftd. 
Bundle, 8. &•)*- huzma-t (pi. (^ 

huzara); 8j^» jurza-t (pi. j^ 

juraz) ; 6 a* 6adda-t (pi. *>*** 

Bundle, v. ^ hazam, yahzim. 
Buno, 8. J<yy 6o\ju. sidada-t bar- 
mil (pi. j^ju. sadayid) ; Jty 

bizal, buzal. 
Bung, v. J<y*^ •*- sadd al-barmil, 

Bunole, 8. U± gala* ; &l* galta-t. 
Bungle, v. U^ galit, yaglat ; cr*/ 

barqai, yubarqi£. 
Buoy, *. ay^U* samandara-h. 
Buoy, v. (keep afloat) \J*U fn&, ya- 

fus* ; fVe 'am, ya'&ni. 
Buoyancy, 8. (vivacity) kUi naiat ; 

AAt haffa-t. 
Buoyant, ad;. ^ nasi$. 
Bur, *. ^j*^ arqatiyftn; uU if 

balsak, bilsik; *sU* ^^ ^^^ 

'ammi huzni ma'ak. 
Burden, *. &** saila-t ; &♦*. ham- 

la-t. — (of animals) J*** haml (pi. 

JU^ ahmal). 
Burden, v. (Zoad) J*** hammal, 

yuhammil. — (opnress) ,^J* J*> 

gaqqal 'ala, yusaqqil. 

Burdensome, ad;. s-***> sa'b; 

s-«* mut'ib ; J*# saqil. 
Burg, «. (borough) £**i qasaba-t; 

jA* balad. 
Burgess, Burgher, s. ^ &\ ibn 

balad (pi. Jl* *>^\ aulad balad) ; 

^Jkl* baladi-y. 
Burglar, a. jjU sariq (pi. j^- 

Burglary, s. &*- sarqa-t, sariqa-t. 
Burial, *. SjW janaza-t ; ^io dafn ; 

^iJk? tadaffun. 
Burial-place, s. Ip** maqbara-t. 
Burlesque, s. lf**~* mashara-t 

(pi. ^s.L-^ masahir). 
Burliness, s. &»U^ jasama-t. 
Burly, adj. (* s-* jasim. 
Burn, v. J/* haraq, yahriq; jf»\ 

ahraq, yuhriq. 
Burner, 8. «J^* muhriq. 
Burnish, v. Ja* saqal, yasqul. 
Burnish, 8. Ja* saql ; J^u. siqal. 
Burnisher, s. J^c saqqal, Jfi«-» 

saiqal (pi. JiW* say&qil). 
Burst, «. tf fazr. 
Burst, v.n. ^y*^ infazar, yanfazir ; 

j^S tafazzar, yataf azzar ; £& 

faqa', yafqa* ; a. gft* faqqa 4 , yu- 

Bury, v. ^^ dafan, yadfin ; pi 

qabar, yaqbir, yaqbur. 
Bush, s. Ofe*> dagala-t; £-*&*& 

gaida-t (pi. u*W^ giya<J). 
Bushel, 8. J^» mikyal (pi. J>&* 

makayil) ; ju» madd (pi. S\j*\ 

Business, s. (affair) J*a» ^ugl; 

a1aa« ^ugla-t (pi. JV**\ aigai).— 

(profession) ^iu* san'a-t. 
Buss, «. ^-y bausa-t ; &**5 las ma- 1. 
Buss, v. <j*v bas, yabiis ; ^ lasam, 

Bust, s. J^>* timsal; ^L*}^ y-^ 8^ 

»;J^ j siirat ras ai-insan wa sadr- 

Bustle, v. s-»^^ idtirab; gW^ 

irtijaj ; l^ rajja-t. 
Bustle, v. *&f& taharrak, yata- 

Busy, adj. Jy^*^ maigM ; v )*s^^ 


Digitized by 





But, conj. && lakin ; Ut am ma. — 

(except) $\ ilia. 
Butchbe, 8. s-^- 8 * qassab ; j\y* jaz- 

zar ; j&& >+ musaqqis. 
Butchery, *. (slaughter) J** qatl ; 

C* »> zabh. — (slaughter-house) %jj+" 

Butlee, a. ^SU saqi (pi. v&>U- 

suqa-t, ^4- suqi-y, ,^3- suqqa). 
Butt, v. ^ natah, yantah ; ^^ 

tana^ah, yatanajah. 
Butt, 8. (cask) £*** battiya-t (pi. 

^W batati. — (target) «^Juj* 

hadaf (pi. ^t\±*\ ahdaf) ; ^Ui 

Butt-end, a. (of a gun) jJui qan- 

daq (pi. J»>US qanadiq); &*i/ 

Butter, *. Sjl^j zibda-t; (;)—•— 

Butter, v. «JLc Say U. haft zibda-t 

'ala, yahutt ; y+~ samman, yu- 

Butterfly, 8. rf£ farfiir (pi. j^\^ 

farafir) ; v-r»V f ara * ; fy*** Da s- 


Buttermilk, yt+2 §amir; {j^es** 

Buttery, adj. ^$^) zibdi-y. 
Buttock, «. ^tok- halfani-y ; ^j\j* 

warani-y; «^»>; ridf (pi. u\*f 

Button, s. j) zurr, zarr (pi. j\j)\ 

Button, v. j^j zarzar, yuzarzir; 

jjy tazarrar, yatazarrar. 
Button-hole, s. Sj^ 'irwa-t (pi. 

^f 'ira). 
Buttress, s. iJ^Z kabs (pi. j^Wtf 

akbai) ; o^U 'amud (pi. *v«\je 

Buxom, adj. ,•*—* basfm (^afc—* 

mush in ; «*)W*&* midhak. 
Buy, v. i>sf±\ i£tara, yastari ; &*\ 

ibta', yabta*. 
Buyer, «. ^l* sari (pi. \j* Surra) ; 

i^fA* mustari ; g^i** mubta*. 
Buzz, t7. jjj^ wazwaz, yuwazwiz ; 

q) zann, yazinn. 
Buzz, 8. Sjjjjj wazwaza-t. 
By, |)rejp. (near Jo) Jux 'and. — (by 

the instrumentality of)±ei bi-vad. 

Cab, fyfc 'araba-t. 

Cabal, s. Rq\f murabata-t ; & — & ** 
dasisa-t (pi. u*"*^ dasayis) ; 
l~*z 'asba-t (pi. s-~°* 'usab). — 
(Jewish tradition) &*S qabala-t. 

Cabbage, s. s-^ kuruinb ; «-JjAU 
rnalfuf; J-Ji} baql (pi. . Jyt* 

Cabin, 6. &y± hazna-t ; *y»^ kama- 
ra-h ; hy" misriya-t (pi. **>\ 
-at, <j»)\*" masari). 

Cabinet, *. (chest of drawers) &)*■ 
hazna-t ; s-»^*> dfilab (pi. s-^J^j 
dawalib). — (private room) £>>***• 
mahda' (pi. £*>Uy» mahadi') ; 
S^Ls. halwa-t (^5^ halawi). — 
(government council) (^^ e^ J 

£Jj.xJ^ diwan mudabbirin ad- 

daula-t; ^^ (£ji* diwan hasa. 
Cabinet-maker, «. ^W* najjar. 
Cable, a. J-«* habl (pi. JW^ hibal) ; 

l**f kumana-t. 
Cacao, s. 1»%fy&\ jy loz ai-^oko- 

lata-t ; ^±& )f loz himli-y. 
Cackle, v. j»/ qaraq, yaqruq ; &J& 

naqnaq, yunaqniq ; M** bat bat, 

Cackle, s. jy qarq ; &&*& naqna- 

Cadaverous, adj. c^**tt Jju misl 

al-mayyit ; ^^ jifi-j. 
Caddy, ^^ IA& 'ulba-t a.4-sai. 
Cadence, s. q+~ saj 4 (pi. £V-^ 

asja', gt^M asaji*). 

Digitized by 




Cage, $. ^atf qafas (pi. gpUfl 

Cage, v. (j*& qaffas, yuqaffis. 
Caitiff, *. e^»^ habig (pi. «AmA. 

hubus) ; ^ slrrir (pi. reg.) ; 

<^*> danis. 
Cajole, v. <jl* mallaq, yumalliq ; 

«jU* tamaUaq, yatamallaq ; *J&i 

lataf , yulatff. 
Cajoleby, 8. jkU> tamliq ; l*Ay 

muwajaha-t ; &UU mulatafa-t ; 

fl»W* muhayala-t. 
Case, a. (jeyiqurs (pi. <j*y^ aqras); 

*W ka'k ; Ul^j ragif (pi. *tf^ 

argifa-t, «JU^ ruguf). 
Cake, v. £-; rasah, yarsuh. 
Calamitous, adj. u-j^a* manhus ; 

cr** natris ; fy*-« masum. 
Calamity, a. ***\*> dahiya-t (pi. 

o*\j*> dawahi) ; &«-*• musiba-t 

(pi. s-i^» masayib) ; hk baliya-t 

(pi. \|fc balaya). 
Calcareous, adi. ^-tf kilsi-Y. 
Calcine, v. <j~" kallas, yukaliis. 
Calcination, 8. u~J& taklis. 
Calculate, v. s *■■-» ^tasab, yah- 

Calculation, a. s^ *• hisab. 
Calculus, a. (stone in the bladder) 

Ub* hasa ; &&* sihia-t. — (differen- 
tial and integral) ; ^JUUsM ^le 

c5 *U-d\ 'ilm at-tafaduli wa at- 

Caldron, s. Jt- sat?l (pi. JjL* 

su$ul) ; c>V qa^a 11 - (See Boileb.) 
Calendab, a. iatflaM s-»^ kitab at- 

tabha-t; £j*k* mafbuh; ^y& 

taqwim; &~M f\i\ s^\JL ljisab 

ayyam as-sana-t; ^•^jjy ruz- 

Calendeb, a. &*yU milzama-t. 
Calendeb, r. jio gaqal, yasqal. 
Calf, 8. J*e <ijl (pi. Jj** 'ujul); 

^ <ijla-t (pi. JW* «ijal).— (o/ 

the leg) jl-H ,**! lahm as-saq ; 

J^J\ &U~ samana-t ar-rijl. 
Calibre, 8. »W* 'iyar. 
Calico, 8, f»u» ham ; ***** Sit. 
Caliph, a. &*£ halifa-t (pi. «-*** 

halayif, ULt hulafa). 
Caliphate, 8. &JU bilafa-t. 

Calk, u. (a afcip) «-*!* qalaf, yaq- 
lif; US qalfat, yuqalfit. 

Call, v. **tf nadah, yandah; tr° 
sarah, yasruh; A *** 'ayyat ii, 
yu'ayyit. — (name) ^4— samma, 

yusammi. — (visit) j\j zar, yazur. 
Call, 8. ^*> du'a (pi. fl***rt id'iya-t) ; 
byo sarha-t. — (visit) fyi) ziya- 

CaLLIOBAPHY, 8. W\ (;>—» • bU0H 

Calling, *. (profession) tt^ ^dr- 

fa-t (pi. «J^ ^iraf); ««• sa- 

na'a-t. — (religious) ^\*5 &\ If* 

da'wa-t 'allah ta'ala; ^^ hida- 

ya-t ; |*^\ ilham. 
Callosity, *. ^-^*> dii^as; ©Uj 

daman ; h-^* qasab. 
Callous, adj. s-«&a* muqa^Sab; 

0^^^ mutadammin. — (hardened) 

&ajlJ\ ^jlc <adim ai-safaqa-t; 

Callousness, a. *jV-J» qasawa-t. 
Callow, adj. ^J*) h bila riS. 
Calm, ai/. c5*>^ had! ; c^» mur- 

tah. — (of the sea) (*jfl) raKin. 
Calm, *. ^jlfc galina-t; &}\ ^ 

hudu ar-rili. 
Calm, v. ^ rayyah, yurayyUt ; ^X- 

sakkan, yusakkin; ^5^ ahda, 

Calmness, s. &*\j ra^a-t; 5^ a* 

Calomel, a. *^»* j-^J zibaq mu- 

fa <( ad. 
Calobic, 0. S;^^ 8*>U maddat al- 

fyarara-t ; y*** hamw. 
Calumniate, v. <J>* ^ namm 'ala, 

yanimm, yanumm ; ^ ^fi\ 

lftara 'ala, yaf tari ; v» <j*j waia 

bi, ya^i. 
Calumniator, s. fUi nammam; 

^yA. muftari; ^^ waii (pL 

«^Uj wu^sat). 
Calumny, a. &+*** namima-t ; \jxl>\ 

if tira ; ^U^ wi^aya-t ; q\x& buh- 

tan ; <*J±i qazf . 
Calve, v. 8y^^ «^«^ wa^'at al- 

baqara-t, ta4a*. 
Calyx, s. fS kimm (pi. j»U£ kimam, 

f*US\ akmam). 


Digitized by 





Cambbic, s. * *kj ** £ kambrik. 

Camel, s. J^ ibl (pi. JV^ abal) ; 
j**t ba'ir (pi. f^\ aba'ir, g^ 
bu'aran, %j**\ ab'ira-t). — (male) 
J** jamal (pi. JW iimal). — 
(female) &U naqa-t (pi. <*A -at, 
jy nuq). 

Camel-dbivbe, a. J W jammal (pi. 
8 -at, gj -An). 

Cameo, *. />j* jauhar (pi. /Ay* 

Camomile, a. g*^ babunaj ; q\)+J\ 

Camp, s. ^^ (<5^) 'urdi (Turfc.) ; 
j£~a* ma'askar. 

Camp, v. ^-y* s— »» nasab 'ur<& 
yansub ; ,***■ hayyam, yuhay- 
yim ; jy nazal, yanzil. 

Campaign, a. /- safar (pi. ^to-^ 
asfar); s^- 6 * barb (pi. s^> 
hurub) ; Sjyk gazwa-t ; *>Ve^ jihad. 
(plain) J$- sahl, &$~ sabla-t 
(pi. Jj*- suhul) ; £^~i fasha-t. 

Camphor, a. ;y ^ kaf ur. 

Can, a. e^ bakraj (pi. qfo baka- 
rij, ZWfc.) ; &ji\ ibriq (pi. jijV 

Can, v. jJuJ qadir, yaqdar, (vulg. 
qadar, yaqdir) ; j*&\ inqadar, 
yanqadir ; y**\ irakan, yumkin 
(impers. with pronominal suffix ; 
lit. it enables me, Ac.) ; v$U» taq, 
yajuq ; gU*-A istata', yastatf*. 

Canal, a. SUi qana-t; ^Ui qana- 
ya-t (pi. «t>^Ui qanawat, &*&\ 
aqniya-t); g^U fealij (pi. gk- 
huluj, (J**k* huljan). — (duct in 
the body) <£j++ majra (pi. ^W* 

Canary, a. fa huzar ; j*^ 'asfur ; 
SijUi qanariya-t ; jUs kinar. 

Cancel, v. W* maha, yamhu, yam- 
hi ; £~* nasah, yansah. 

Cancer, a. (disease') && akila-t; 

&lS*) ri'aya-t; 0^7- sarafan. — 

(sign of the zodiac) o^r* Ba ra- 


Candid, adj. £*&*> sadiq; ij&st!* 

muhlis ; ^^ halis. 
Candidate, a. s^ talib (pi. s^» 
tullab) ; *ty murid. 

Candidature, Candidateship, 8. 

s-U> talab ; **U> talba-t. 
Candle, s. W gam'a-t ; g*A 

sam' (pi. g^A sumu').— (wax- 
candle) ^JL— ^ g4A sam* 'asali-y. 
Candlestick, a. ^j^^a s*ama'dan 

(pi. *A -at, ^acUa sama'idin) ; 

&*+.. * »+ mi^ma'a-t (pi. g*^* ma- 

Candour, a. i*W sadaqa-t; JJ^ 

fidq; 8jLa* g af awa-t ; ^&-^»t 

Candy, 8. «t>W> yL. sukkar nabat ; 

JuS qand ; tji\ abluj ; J()^» tabar- 

Candy, v. J&-* sakkar, yusakkir. 
Cane, a. s-^i qasab; \j>$ bus. — 

(stick) Uc «af a. 
Cane, v. U«J^ v»/* diarab bi-'l-'a^a, 

yadrib, ya4rub. 
Canine, adj. <jJ* kalbi-y. 
Canister, s. &4* c ulba-t. (See 

Canker, s. see Cancer. 
Canker, v. J^ akal, ya'kul. 
Cankerous, Cancerous, adj. JSt 

Cannibal, s. {j*\A\ f*+) ^^ c^» 

man ya'kul lahm an-nas. 
Cannon, s. g**^ madfa* (pi. g*\J^» 

madafi') ; v»^ t?ob, top (Turk.). 
Cannon, 0. ^ gi^^ v»/* <Jarab 

al-madafi* 'ala, yadrib, yaijrub. 
Cannonade, 8. jp\±A\ s^ 4*rb 

Canoe, s. 5»y^A gahtura-t (pi. 

jf\*** ^ahatir) ; ft* jarm (pi. ^^* 

Canon, s. ^yVl qanun (pL ($**V 

qawanin); SjlcU qa*id!a-t (pi. 

^y qawa'id). 
Canonical, adj. jy^ qanuni-y. 
Canopy, *. J^V- suradiq (pL 

«>M^ suradiqat). 
Cant, «. (hypocrisy) f+ makr ; V^ 

Canter, «. yAS) raq<J ; ^j ramh. 
Canter, v. </»; raqa4, yarqu4 ; c^) 

ramah, yarmit; Je*- hayyal, yu- 

Canticle, s. (hymn) e*t~? tasbi^ 

Digitized by 





(pi. ^UJ tasabifc) ; *>UiM j^aj 

nasid al-an£ad. 
Canton, 8. £*LU* muqata'a-t ; h^ 

Cantonment, 8. /L-*N W» mahatt 

Cantab, 8. v/Ate* janf as ; ,J*<& hais* 

(pi. (J^** huyui, yJ*\#A ahyaS). 
Canvass, v. (solicit) s-*M» talab, 

yatlub. — (discuss) *£**: bal^ag, 

Canvasses, 8. s-^^» t&lib. 
Cap, *. X-j^i qallusa-t (pi. u*** 5 ^ 

qalalis) ; J*y^ tarbui (pi. ^r^V* 

Capable, adj. (able to do or contain) 

j*>VS qadir; J*Vi qabil. — (clever) 

jtlk s&tir; y^U mahir; «J»jVe 

Capableness, Capability, Capa- 
city, 8. 5jJ£ qudra-t ; Ick^ qabi- 

Capacious, adj. g-\> wasi'; s-*^ 

ra^iib ; £*-* fasiiL 
Capaciousness, Capacity, a. **-j 

wus'a-t ; &*-S fusfca-t. 
Caparison, v. «*^ rahhat, yurah- 

hit; V J^ u^\ g-*j wa4a* ar- 

raht 'ala, ya4a*. 
Capabison, 8. u^ raht (pi. uu^ 

ruhut, Pers.). 
Cape, *. y*\j ras (pi. uV>> ni'us). 
Caper, *. (leap) &* natta-t. — 

(Perry) j£ kabar (pi. )W* kibar, 

jWfl akbar). 
Capeb, v. U natt 9 yanutt ; JaJ ^ ai nat- 

nat, yunatnit. 
Capital, *. (o/ a column) *>j*e <^ 

ras 'amud. — (chief town) ^j* 

*U*M kursi-y al-mulk; hlf\ /* 

dar al- wilaya-t. — (stock of trade) 

JUN ^j ras al-mal. 
Capital, adj. (principal) ^^\ 

asli-y. — (crifiunoZ) Js«K s-<*\j 

wajib al-qatL 
Capitalist, s. J^ s-^U saldb mal. 
Capitation, 8. hyt jizya-t. 
Capitulate, v. ^-* ^ <J*^ 

ittafaq 4 ala taslim, yataffiq ; ^ 

^j^ sallam bi-surut, yusallim. 
Capitulation, t. t^** **Lj taslim 

bi-£urut ; ^LJU* musalaha-t ; 

8*jlt+ mu^arata-t. 
Capon, 8. o* 3 ^ *^ J ^^ muhsi-y. 
Capbice, a. iU) zantara-t; \yt 

hawa (pi. \}*\ ahwa) ; U^* kaif . 
Capbicious, adj. J*\* muzantir; 

<^yfc hawayi-y ; &?*• mutalaw- 

win ; s ^lfc* mutaqallib. 
Capbiciousness, *. yjs talawwun ; 

s-JLai taqallub. 
Capbicobn, 8. ^s<**}\ erf burj aj- 

Capsize, v. s-J&\ inqalab, yanqa- 

Capsule, *. «^U gilaf (pi. U&t 

gulf, guluf, gullaf). 
Captain, 8. (of infantry) ^^ jji 

yuz ba£i (Turk.). — (of a ship) 

^/^\ {j~l) rayis al-markab. 
Captious, adj. j*y*" mu'taricJL 
Captiousness, 8. ^/x^ i'tirM. 
Captivate, v. (make prisoner) j~\ 

asar, ya'sir. — (charm) {uS *~ saba, 

yasbi;* J4«J\ s-^- salab al-'aql, 

Captive, 8. adj. j&~\ asir (pi. \j-\ 

Captivity, 8. j~\ usr ; W-» siba. 
Captube, 8. j{ ~~&J \ isti'sar. — 

(booty) &+ && ganima-t (pi. ^^ 

Captube, v. j~\z~\ ista'sar, yas- 

ta'sir ; ^ ganam, yagnam. 
Cab, 8. Sjjfc 'araba-t (pi. **>\ -at) ; 

^c 'ajala-t. 
Carabine, 8. &*»^» qarabina-t. 
Cabat, 8. Mj*i qirat (pi. ^jV qara- 

Cabavan, *. &i\i qafila-t (pi. J*ty> 

qawafil) ; JA5 qafl, qufl (pL J>** 

quful); y\)f karwan (pi. ^\^ 

Cabavanseby, 8. q\± han (pi. &\i\*. 

Cabaway, 8. yy* kammun ; (J^tS 

Carbon, s. f **$\ SjU madda-t al- 

f ah in. 
Cabbonic, Carbonaceous, adj. 

^5*^* fal>mi-y. 
Carcass, 8. &+j rimma-t (pi. ^ 

Digitized by 





rimam) ; &«• Jifa-t (pi. 
jiyaf, «-iW^ ajyaf ) ; &*% lasa-t. 
Cabd, 8. (for play) j^ waraq (pi. 
j\^ auraq). — (for cotton, &c.) 
(W mihlaj. 
Cabd, v. ^ lialaj, yahHj, yafcluj ; 

«-JJ* nadaf, yandif . 
Cabdinal, adj. <J*\ asli-v. 
Cardinal, *. JW*>/ kardinal. 
Cabe, a. (sorrow) (** hamm (pi. 
fy+Jb humum). — (attention) Usc\ 
l'tina; h^^ 'inaya-t; &*a him- 
ma-t. — (caution) j^ hazr. 
Cabb, v. s^ ^W bala bi, yubali. 
Cabekn, v. te& qalfat, yuqalfit. 

(See Calk.) 
Cabkbb, *. (full speed) j&j raqcj. 
— (progress in life) utU~*« mas- 
Cabkful, adj. «^*»* mu'tani. 
Cabele8S, adj. J*te gafil; J*^ 
hamil; J*^e** mutah&mil; ^t* 
Cabelessness, 8. J*W tahamul ; 

JUj^ ihmal; J*U? tagaful. 
Cabess, v. «-&$ lataf, yulatif ; <jU 

maUaq, yumalliq. 
Cabess, 8. &&%• mulatafa-t ; <jU* 

Cabgo, s. s-^i^ ®y** hamula-t al- 
markab; s-**y*^ £**«? ta'biya-t 
al-markab; &U»wasqa-t. 
Caricature, 8. l f k~~* lyy sura-t 

Cabmine, 8. t J^ la'li. 
Carnage, 8. JsJ qatl ; e*** zabh. 
Carnal, adj. { j\>^^ jasdani-y; 

ij\)&> 6ahwani-y. 
Carnation, s. (colour) ^Uc 'un* 
nabi-y. — (flower) J*/ qaramf ul. 
Cabnival, 8. £*/• marfa' (pi. g*V* 

marafi') ; fyf kariza-t. 
Cabnivobous, ad;. CjW jarit ; J^* 

^W\ ya'kul al-lal^m. 
Cabol, a. U± gin£ (pL Jl^ agani) ; 

&+** nagma-t. 
Cabol, v. ^j** ganna, yuganni; 
^* naga, yunagi; *>^ garid, 
Carouse, v. p*>U nadim, yunadim ; 
s^V* sarab, yusarib. 

Cabouse, Cabousal, 8. &oU* mu- 

nadama-t ; fyUu* muiaraba-t. 
Cabp, v. J^ «azal, ya'zul. 
Cabp, 8. L** Sabu* (pi. W»W* saba- 


Cabpenteb, 8. jW* najjar. 
Cabpentby, a. 5)V nijara-t. 
Cabpet, a. ^U* basat (pi. 1*~* 

busut) ; &~A^tinfi8a-t, tunfusa-t 

(pi. u-iUt tanafis) ; j^ f ar$ (pi. 

J^i funi£). — (for prayer) **>V* 

Cabpet, v. jy faraS, yafruS ; f ar- 

rai, yufarriS. 
Cabbiage, a. bj* 'araba-t; fcV^fc 

'arabana-t ; 6 ^°^ karosa-t. — 

(cost of conveyance) &j*e- humu- 

Cabbion, 8. US lasa-t ; &** jifa-t 

(pi. i-Atsq- jiyaf). 
Cabbot, 8. )y* jazar. 
Cabboty, adj. j^\ yj* bi-laun al- 

Cabby, v. J^- tamal, ya^mil ; JU 

^al, yaiil. — (transport) J^ naqal, 

Cabbies, *. JU*" hammal; JW* 

6ayyal.— (of a letter) ^j&A\ J*W 

hamil al-maktub; ^C sa'i (pL 

SU~ sa'a-t). 
Cabt, «. ij^ 'araba-t. 
Cabt, t?. i^yJW J# naql bi-'l-'arar- 

bana-t, yanqul. 
Cabtage, 8. Jy naul. 
Cabteb, 8. bj* J^ sawwaq 'ara- 

ba-t ; t^-^ 'arabaji. 
Cabtelage, a. v>A* qurqus ; «-*jy-^ 

gtujriif (pi. iJ^Ufc gacjl&rif).— (o/ 

t^e rtfo) «-i^-y* 6ursuf (pi. t-A^^i 

iarasif). — (of the nose) ^» 

j^bJuJ\ qa§ aba-t al-manhur. 
Cabtelaginous, adj. o^ir 4 * gu^ru- 

Cartridge, s. &&i fa^aka-t (pi. 

•aUi faSak) ; ««W^ («><V) 

fau^ik (pi. iaX^y fawlUik). 
Cabve, v. (in stone, &c.) <jr* 

naqaU, yanqai. — (meat) g-tB 

qafta', yuqafti*; c/» ianuh, yu- 

Carver, a. <>ta naqqa^. 

Digitized by 





Cascade, *. Utt^J»=»\ inliidar al-ma; 
UH »afe^ maharr al-ma. — (of the 
Nile) Jju* jandal (pi. JoU* 
janadil) ; vulg. J)U fallal. 

Cass, «. (box) JjJ^« sandilq (pi. 
<j*jU-b Banadiq). — (sheath) U&± 
gilaf (pi. «-Alfc gulf, culuf, gul- 
laf). — (event, state) yR amr (pi. 
jy«\ umur); JW hal (pi. J^\ 
ahwal, &^\ ahwila-t). — (cause in 
a court) 8y**> da'wa-t; isf* 
dawa (pi. e^ da'awa). — (in 
grammar) s*&/&\ &*$* 'alamat 
al-'irab, U-!N j*»V^ j** 5 tagay- 
yur al-awahir al-asma*. 

Case, v. ^ ^ haft ft, yahutt ; «-Ate 
gallaf, yugalUf. 

Casemate, s. &>•*!»• matmura-t (pi. 
^•Ua^ matamir) ; Zjd** mitmara-t. 

Casement, s. **)W* gubbak (pi. 
«*^W*» 6ubabik); e>-^»» roSan 

Cash, a. JU5\ j;Juu> Banduq al-mal ; 
&y*. hazna-t. — (ready money) *& 
naqd (pi. *>y» nuqud). 

Cash, v. «jy» saraf, yasrif. 

Cashier, s. ;W^t hazandar ; e^y*^ 
j^u «J\ amin as-sanduq; qj\± 
hazin (pi. Ay*, hazana-t). 

Cask, *. Je^ barmii (pi. Je*ty 
baramil) ; &* battiya-t (pi. ^«* 

Casket, *. £*** 'ulba-t (pi. s-*l* 
'alab, s*&c 'ilab) ; g)*> durj (pi. 
A^j diraja-t, c\)*rt adraj). 

Casque, s. &y*- huza-t (pL &jl hu- 

Cast, t?. (throw) ^j rama, yarmi ; 
(J* salah, yailah ; c^ {arah, ya{- 
rat; tanuh, yutarrih; <J±-** 
^azaf, yaljzif . — (mottZd) s— 
sabb, yasubb; **W- sabak, yas- 

Cast, *. (&row) ***j ramya-t ; &.**» 
hazfa-t. — (glance) fy*} lahza-t. — 
(cast image) »*Jy*~ *• ^** sanam 

Castaway, *. JyW» mahzul ; J^ 
arzal (pi. J^ arazil). 

Castigate, v. ^^ qasas, yuqas is ; 
'aqab, yu'aqib. 

CA8TIOATION, 8. ^pUi qigas ; hjte 

'uquba-t ; s^** 'iqab. 
Castle, s. y<* qasr (pi. sy& qusur) ; 

AJ5 qaTa-t (pi. &i qila'). 
Castor-oil, 8. £)f&\ «**) zait al- 

Casteate, v. v>y» t&wwa£, yufaw- 

wis* ; ^ m f<±> hasa, yahsi ; s-^ jabb, 

Castbation, 8. iJ*J* tatwiS ; \**A 

Casual, adj. <J>\*>\ ittif aqi-y ; ^j^ 

'ari4 ; ^Ve 'ari^i-y. 
Casualty, 8. *a>»>W hadig (pi. 

<±>S\fi- h&Yfkdis) ; £«-*• musiba-t 

(pi. s-st^» masayib). 
Cat, s, & qi« ; &* qifta-t (pi. ^^»» 

qitat, Uoi qu^at). — (torn cai) y& 

nirr (pi. fijyfc hirara-t); ($ys* 

Catalepsy, s. AX-. sakta-t; Sjua 

hamda-t ; fip» nuqta-t. 
Catalogue, 8. «^-j6* fihrist, fah. 

hsat (pi. u*jW* faharis). 
Catalogue, v. ^-^ fahras, yufah- 

Catabact, *. (waterfall) Js>- sail 

(pi. Jj*~ suyul); s^V* n^z&b 

(pi. s-stjW^ mayazib, Per*.). — 

(disease of the eyes) {>)^\ ^ A&W 

baya^a-t fi-'l-'ain. 
Catabbh, s. &f nazla-t (pi. Jjy* 

nuzul) ; pty zukam. 
Catastbophe, s. £»U^ musaba-t; 

h bala ; &**U dahiya-t (pi. o* V 

Catch, v. «*L-^ masak, yamsik; 

^ ahaz, ya'huz. — (infect) W 

'ada, ya'di ; eir* sara » jasri- 
Catch, s. £&~* masaka-t. — (^ooA;) 

s^ kullab (pi. v^)^ kalalib).— 

(burden of a song) *>/• maradd. 
Catechise, v. (teach by question- 
ing and answering) y JW~t ^ 

s^^ 'allam bi-aawal wa jawab. 
Catechism, s. (religious instruc- 
tion) i j**~A \ f^s ta'lim al- 

Categobical, adj. ^U g&fi. 
Category, a. jo* find, fand (pi. 

oUi\ afnad^j £y nau' (pL ^\y\ 

Digitized by 





anwa'); u-*- jins (pi- <j*W^ 

ajnas, Lr*r^" junus) ; ***/• marta- 

ba-t (pl. s-^V* maratib). 
Cater, t?. c*W\ <4r^ Mtam al- 

liawayij, yastari. 
Caterpillar, s. ^ dud; fojd 

duda-t (pi. o^ J didan); <^-W 

lahas (pi. u-VJt alhas). 
Cathedral, «. *o*^W» &~* ^ kanisa-t 

Catheter, «. *>j*fc'amud (du.gtaj+e 

Catholic, adj. (universal) ^fy** 

Catholic, s. o*«V^ katoliki-y. 
Catholicism, *. (universality) 

fl e *j»j» 'umumiya-t. — (catholic 

religion) ^Jf\&\ &<A\ ad-din 

Cattle, *. J|*U miUi (pi. <j*V 

mawfUi) ; ^ ganam. 
Caul, *. (netf for the hair) *£** 

sabaka-t (pi. *>W* Sibak).— (o/ a 

c&ita) **>^ qudat. 
Cauliflower, a. s-**/ kuramb; 

W/ qarnabit ; «>*»^ karnabit. 
Caulk, see Calk and Careen. 
Cause, s. (reason) && 'illa-t (pi. 

Ji* *ilal) ; s-*e- sabab (pi. s»W 

asbab) ; &*^ ba'iga-t. — (faw- 

suit) eir*** da'wa (pi. «j&^ J 

da'awa). — (party) v/- fcizb (pi. 

s^\ ah zab ) 5 ^ t*»* (pl- 

«J*;M atraf). 
Cause, v. «-r**«- sabbab, yusabbib ; 

JU> 'allal, yu'allil. 
Causeless, ad;. s-^y» *» bila 

mujib ; v**~» £t bila sabab. 
Causeway, a. j~*» jisr (pl. jj~* 

jusur); &1* bulta-t; ^ <Jfejl» 

tariq 'amm ; 5^i qantara-t. 
Caustic, adj. <,$$& kawi; <3j** 

Cauterise, v. «^/ kawa, yakwi; 

g«33 laza', yalza*. 
Cautery, 8. y+f mirsan ; Jf kayy. 

— (instrument) $U** mikwa-t ; 

Caution, s. u*V*^ ihtiras; \±*> 

hizr, l^azar. — (warning) jU*\ 

in^arj ^J** tafczir. — (security) 

£Uf kafala-t ; J** kafil ; &U* 

Caution, v. s&\ anzar, yunzir ; j^ 

hazzar, yu^azzir. 
Cautious, adj. cr«^- ljaris; j^ 

hazir ; )^* muhtariz. 
Cavalcade, *. s~*y* maukab (pl. 

s-^y» mawakib). 
Cavalier, s. y£$ kawalir; <j*j\* 

fans (pl. gCji fursan, u*)V **" 

waris) ; JVs*- hayyal (pL fl^ 

Cavalier, oa)'. (brave) j;W* maba- 

riz. — (haughty) j**** mutakab- 

Cavalry, s. &\& hayyala-t; J**- 

hail ; ^^i fursan. 
Cave, Cavern, s. *jVa* magara-t 

fpl. j\** magayir) ; J& gar (pl. 

j\yt\ agwar) ; Utf kahf (pl. 

^Jf^ kuhiif). 
Cavil, *. jV» niqar. 
Cavil, v. jfo naqar, yunaqir ; *&£* 

nakkat, yunakkit. 
Cavity, s. *-*y* jauf ; e^ab* faht. 
Cease, v. &* ^i\ inqa^a' 'an, yan- 

qafi* ; g+ fy farag min, vafrug; 

J\) zal, yazal (with following 

aorist or participle). 
Ceaseless, adj. ^ h bilafutur; 

g0*\ h bila inqi^a*. 
Cedar, s. ))\ arz; [$*)j* sarbin 

Cede, v. »*J/ tarak, yatruk; J*- 

halla, yuhalli; ^L sallam, yu- 

Cession, s. »*J/tark; **>y fawat; 

f*sL-* taslim. 
Ceiling, s. *-M- saqf (pl. «^yu 

suquf, «-A&* suquf, ^uau 8 uq- 

Celebrate, v. (exalt) fM 'azzam, 

yu'azzim ; c^ maddah, yumad- 

di^. — (a feast) •*** 'ayyad, yu- 

Celebrated, adj. )#**• maihur ; 

jQ*±<» mu^tahir ; j&* sahir ; JJk- 

jalil ; t)±+* mamdut. 
Celebration, *. (of a feast) J*a 

^\ 'ami al-'aid. — (praise) &*" 

madb \ J^t majd j **» ^LamcL 

Digitized by 



Celebrity, *. J&*\ i&ihar; 8^* 

Celerity, *. J^c 'ajl ; fry- sur'at. 
Celery, $. u**/ karafs, karfas. 
Celestial, adj. ,4J**- sainawi-y ; 

<4jk 'alawi-y. 
Celibacy, s. Jgs 'uzba-t; Srfjy* 

Cbll, 8. Zfr qillaya-t (pl. Jfc qa- 

lali); IjU. halwa-t; k>\) zawi- 

ya-t (pi. \i\$ zawaya). 
Cellar, «. S ; ^U matmura-t ; pi 

qabu (pi. O^ aqbiya-t). 
Cement, «. ^W hafiqi ; $jt* harj ; 

&J* tin ; *M» said. 
Cement, v. \jt garra, yugarri ; &£ 

tayyan, yutayyin; o^ sayyad, 

Cemetery, a. S^ju maqbara-t (pi. 

ji\*+ muqabir) ; ^J* madfan 

(pi. ^\j* madafin) ; &W jaban- 

Censer, s. lf*~* mibhara-t (pi. 

/s*W* mabahir) ; kjy* "suriya-t. 
Censor, a. s «-»»** muhtasib; 

J-tts «&zil ( p l. j^ < U zzal). 
Censorious, adj. fjl* mulawwim ; 

^•«^» muzammim. 
Censoriousnbss, 8. &*&• mazam- 

ma-t ; &*3i* malama-t. 
Censurable, adj. fy*^* mazmum ; 

f»yu malutn. 
Censure, s. rf laum, lorn ; **«k» 

mazamma-t ; s **** * ta'yib. 



Censure, t>. ^3 lam, yalum; ^ 

zamm, yazumm ; J^u^ 'azal, 

Census, 8. ^-y^M S\**5 ta'dad an- 

Cent, 8. k\" maya-t. — (per cent.) 

ZiUl\) bi-'l-maya-t. 
Centipede, 8. {$e*ij\ #\ abu arba'in ; 

h\" $\ abu maya-t. 
Central, Centrical, adj. la~ys* 

mutawassit ; %sff markazi-y. 
Centralise, v. j*>\j g*y« ^ g** 

jama' fi mauda' wahid, yajma* ; 

p* 4amm, yazumm. 
Centre, 8. yp markaz (pl. 4\y 

marakiz); fa^ wast (pl. tU^ 


Centre, v.a. l»»j wassat, yuwassit ; 

n. l*-y tawassat, yatawassat. 
Centrifugal, arf/. W-jN ^c j^V^x* 

mutaba'id 'an al-wast- 
Centripetal, adj. L.JJ\ J\ JjU 

mayil ila-'l-wast. 
Centuple, ad;. «-*U*\ £*U mayat 

Century, 8. j*>* dabr (pl. jyfcd du- 

hur) ; ^y qarn (pl. ^1 qurun) ; 

&u« £&l« mayat sana-t. 
Cereals, *. *A*yi^\ al-hububat. 
Ceremonial, adj. (solemn) JUso.t 

Ceremonial, s. (^ertym al-qawanin. 
Ceremonious, adj. c^Ultt ^U 

sahib takallufat. 
Ceremony, 8. (religious) u»& taq8 

(pl. u-yit ^uqiis) ; i& i *■» mansik 

(pl. iftl-U» manasik). — (of polite- 

ness) J*^*J tabjil (pl. <*A -at) ; 

fi^W^ mubajala-t; Ul^s taklif ; 

«-Al^> takalluf. — (master of cere- 
monies) «^yui\ J^ W 41J a t- 

Certain, adj. <3*&* haqtq; (^ 

yaqin. — (a certain person) ($b 

fulan ; (jaafeAi sahs. 
Certainty, s. ^^A yaqin ; ^^fij^ ^ 

'ilm al-yaqin; ji>^ tahaqquq. 
Certificate, s. fioV^ ^ahada-t; 

£j& taqrir. 
Certify, v. ^M^- baqqaq, yiitaq- 

^ J J^ qarrar, yuqarrir. 
Certitude, s. j\^ qarar. 
Cerulean, adj. ^U- j^ azraq 

Cessation, 8. gUa»\ inqita*; &t\jh 

Cession, *. f »JLj taslim ; 0^^ »*y 

tark al-haqq. 
Chafe, v. (warm by rubbing) ^ a 

daffa, yudaffi. — (rage) s-*** ga- 

dib, yag^ab ; t^ igtaz, yagtaz. 
Chaff, s. ^ tibn (pl. ^\ atban, 

OF* tubun). 
Chafing-dish, *. J&* manqal (pl. 

Jhi* manaqil). 
Chagrin, s. ^ gamm (pl. ,»;+£ 

gumum) ; *r>S karb ; (^ huzn. 
Chagrin, v. ^*\ agamm, yugimm ; 

Digitized by 





0fA ahzan, yuhzin ; (^ ^azzan, 

Chain, s. &L~L * silsila-t (pi. J-^- 

salasil) ; j#r*) zinjir (pi. y<&k) 

zanajir) . 
Chain, v. &JLJ l» j^S qayyad bi-'s- 

silsila-t, yuqayyid ; /*j zanjar, 

yuzanjir ; jy+ janzar, yujanzir. 
Chair, s. ^-^ kursi (pi. sj^f 

karasi) ; ^ sarir (pi. iy\ asir- 

Chairman, s. ( j»l »» ti u*f> rayis 

al-majlis (pi. U.» ru'asa) ; <J?+ 

( j»l »» U mutawalh al-majlis. 
Chaise, s. Jfy* 'araba-t. 
Chalk, «. ;\ ^ hawwar. — (a piece of) 

fyf* hawwara-t ; ^**WL taba&r. 
Chalk, v. 5^j^W (•— j rasam bi-'l- 

hawwara-t, yarsum. 
Challenge, «. £jpt*" mubaraza-t. 
Challenge, v. (to fight) u^ bariz, 

yubariz. — (call upon) Cto da'a, 

Chamber, s. &*£ au<Ja-t (pi. <*>\ 

-at, j*)\ awa4) ; S^^JU maqsura-t. 

— (small) S^a. hujra-t. 
Chamberlain, *. s-«*^ hajib (pi. 

s->^^ hujjab). 
Chameleon, «. ^ hirba (hurba- 

yat, hurbana-t) ; ^j* 5 ^ barbah- 

ti-y ; *y-*£\ J-** jamal al- 

Chamois, s. h$ arwiya-t (pi. <j*\)\ 

arawi) ; Je^ wa'l (pi. J^j\ au'al) ; 

JV saisal. 
Chamomile, see Camomile. 
Champ, v. *sUc 'alak, ya'lak ; £a* 

ma4ag, yam (jag. 
Champaign, s. Je~» sahl, &e~ sahla-t 

(pi. Jj6~ suhAl) ; l^~i fusha-t. 
Champion, «. ^W* muhami ; j^W*» 

Chance, *. £*y fursa-t (pi. «^\ -at, 

^y furas). 
Chance, v. (happen) e^ ,j ara , 

yajri ; »a>J^ hadas, yahdis. — 

(risk) jLU. hatar, yuhatir. 
Chancel, *. <j*j/- horus (pi. u-jV* 

Chancellor, *. (c&ief justice) <j±V$ 
L SUi qacji qucjat. 

Chandelier, 8. <^«fcuA gama'dan 

(pi. <*A -at, ^J^Ua satna'idin). 
Chandler, s. f Ua lamina*. 
Change, «. (alteration) *** tagay- 

yur. — (change of clothes) &** 

oadla-t. — (small money) 8*y- u*jU 

f ulus hurda-t. 
Change, v.a. pk gayyar, yugayyir ; 

J^i badal, yabdul ; n. jt*» ta- 

gayyar, yatagayyar. — (change 

money) Ujj-© saraf , yasrif . 
Changeable, adj. s-*^ 5 qallab ; 

^l*> JJLS qalil gabat ; je*** mu- 

Changeableness, 8. *r-te taqallub ; 

«*W* ill qilla-t gabat. 
Changer, «. u\j* sarraf. 
Channel, s. ^5;%* majra (pi. <4>W* 

majari) ; v>V* mizab (pi. s-4)^ 

mayazib). — (strait) j^jt bugaz 

(pi. >>^^ bawagiz). 
Chant, *. J-*y tartil. (See Song.) 
Chant, v. J*j rattal, yurattil. (See 

Chanter, 8. J>/« murattil, ^»*> ^ 

Chanticleer, s. *sk* dik (pi. **J^a 

Chaos, «. \f* hawa ; ^U. hawiya-t ; 

J^a hayAla. 
Chaotic, od/. J^>* bayAli-y ; Urf- 

tU j halt wa malt. 
Chap, s. 0^ ^aqq ; ^^ 3aqqa-t (pi. 

jyi ^uqAq) ; ^ falaq (pi. 

j^ fulAq). 
Chap, v.a. <j* ^aq<l» ya^uqq; n. 

<>Ai\ in^aqq, yansaqq. 
Chapel, s. &*)* ( azaba-t; X*\* ka- 

Chapiter, see Capital. 
Chaplain, s. v~* qiss (pi. u*r^ 

Chaplet, s. ^ misbaha-t (pi. 

£*lw« masabih) ; ^W— subha-t 

(pi. £*~* subah, «t>Urt- subuhat). 
Chapter, *. ^ Mb (pi. *r>\*\ ab- 

wab) ; J-* fasl (pi. J^-* f usikl) ; 

y* juz* (pi. \yA ajza).— (of the 

Coran) S;^- sura-t (pl.jy-» suwar). 
Char, v. (reduce to coal) j*^ jam- 
mar, yujammir. 

Digitized by 





Char, b. {day's work) &#•£ yaumi- 

Character, $. (mark) *-*f* harf 
(pi. s^)f» buriif); 1»a ha« (pi. 
tjW hutut, Vb*\ ahtat).— (dispo- 
sition) &*> {aba* (pi. #*M atba') ; 
,j1a hulq (pi. jlw ahlaq).— (ac- 
count of a person's qualities) 
*JLo) wasf (pi. u\*)\ ausaf). 

Characterise, v. iJUj was af, ya- 

Characteristic, adj. ^t wasfi-y. 

Characteristic, s. &* gifa-t. 

Charade, a. j*S lugz, lagaz (pi. jUft 

Charcoal, a. ^w* fahm (pi. fU> 

Charge, s. (load) &•*** hamMa-t. 
— (of a gun) ^^n J^ 'umar 
bariid. — (attack) <•>** hui&m; 
£Ua»ha mla-t. — (custody) &*W* 
muhafaza-t. — (office) s~ *** man- 
sab (pi. s-^Vx* manasib). — 
(order) y\ amr (pl.^ty awamir). 
— (expense) lt& kulfa-t; *-*p*~ 
masr&f (pi. *Jfc*;U* masarif); 
Gf* harj. — (accusation) £*Vaa si- 
kaya-t ; &h? tuhma-t. 

Charge, v. (to load) J*». hammal, 
yuhammil ; <>-j wassaq, yuwas- 
siq. — (a gun) j+* 'ammar, yu'am- 
mir ; d* dakk, yadukk. — (order) 
s* f\ amar bi, ya'mur, J^ v5 «« 
wassa 'ala* yuwasgi. — (attacA") 
,»V* hajam, yahjum ; J^ Ca- 
rnal, yahmil (both with prep. 
J* 'ala). — (impute) **> ^J^\ p& 
taham a^ad-an bi, yathim. — 
(demand as price) s^ talab, 

Charger, s. (horse) <j*^ faras (pi. 
v**k funis, u*^ afras). — (fray) 
,j£ tabaq (pi. jWM afbaq). 

Chariot, s. bj* 'araba-t; £^e 

Charioteer, a. <.***«>* 'arabaji. 

Charitable, a**;. <>W* fayyad; 
<^-*r* muhsin; ^ karim (pi. 
^y kiram) ; jj^u* mutasaddaq. 

Charitableness, a. lAf karama-t ; 
•>j% jud; gl-*^ ilisan. 

Charity, 0. £*** ma^abba-t ; to** 

6afaqa-t. — (alms) &•*-» sadaqa-t ; 

&:...■* ^asana-t. 
Charlatan, *. M^a harrat ; £&* fai- 

sar ; jW AA*. huqqa baz (Pers.). 
Charm, a. (amulet) &♦*** tamima-t 

(pi. ^U? tamayim); ju»- liurz, 

tirz (pi. 8j$/» $uruza-t) ; JtU*. 

hamayil. — (enchantment) y-+*~ 

sihr ; a^Sj ruqya-t. — (attractions) 

&~** husn; «A*V jazabAt; &h*A 

Charm, t?. (by sorcery) ^- sal^ar, 

yashur. — (bewitch by beauty) v***- 

vjUN jazab al-qulub, yajzib. 
Charnel-house, «. ^W,aa. ha^ha^ ; 

£aiW&a ha^hasa-t; ?^3\ r ^ ; \j 

dar 'izam al-mauta. 
Chart, *. u*^* qhrtas (pi. <.r*U/ 

Charter, a. £%»» bujja-t (pi. ^^ 

hujaj); jjj waraq (pL j^\ 

auraq) ; Ufc/i ^a ha« sarif . 
Charter, v. (hire a ship) (s£*~*\ 

istakra, yastakri. — (let a ship) 

15/ kara, yakri; ^^\ akra, 

Chariness, s. ^y^\ ittiraa 5 jAo. 

l^izr, bazar ; j*if taufir. 
Chary, adj. (cautious) cr*j°- taris ; 

%A>- bazir. — (economical) s «»■■■■'» 

flasib ; /y» muwaffir. 
Chase, s. (hunt) a** said; ^aS 

qaiis. — (game) j*& qanas. 
Chase, v. (drive away) *^» tarad, 

ya^rad ; tf»\ ahraj, yuhrij ; yk»> 

da^sar, yudas^ir. — (hunt, pursue 

eagerly) *>V* sad, ya? id ; $? taba', 

yatba*. — (work or emboss plate) 

£U sag, yas^g. 
Chasing, s. tr° ?aug. 
Chasm, s. ^j$\ ^ ^y» 

ar4; £^ bald' (pi 

Chaste, adj. <-Mc 'afif 

a*iffa, ^Vto <if &f) ; 

'affif ; Lr AJ\y fc a tahir an-nafs. 
Chasten, Chastise, v. ^a-Vs qi^as, 

yuqasis ; s^*^ 'aqab, yu'aqib. 
Chasteness, Chastity, «, 

<ifia-t j uUft 'af af . 


q fl-i- 

IV ba- 

(pl. M 

Digitized by 



Chastisement, s. ^pUs qi^a? ; k^ 

'uquba-t ; s-*^* 'iqab. 
Chat, s. J** $ J^> qal wa qil ; SjjU*« 

Chat, t>. <^W tahaka, yataMka; 

(J& laqai, yalqul 
Chateau, a. /i qasr (pi. ^ 

qu?ur). — (country-seaf) ^ o** 

S**Att bet fi-'cj-de'a-t. 
Chattels, s. A)**" J^* mal man- 

qul ; *a>^ asas. 
Chatter, v. &*i*N y^kagsar al-gala- 

ba-t, yukassir; y^ fa&ar, yu- 

fai&r; <3*te 'aq'aq, yn'aq'iq 

(from <3*a* 'aq'aq, " magpie "). 
Chatter-box, Chatterer, s. ^ 

**Utt kasir al-galaba-t; Jty 

Chatty, adj. ($S j*\ abii kalam; 

^Vw« musayir ; J*^ laqqai. 
Cheap, adj. j*&) rahis. 
Cheapen, t?.a. yj*») rahhas, yurah- 

his; {$+&\ Jy nazzal as-saman, 

yunazzil ; n. ^a*^ raha§, yarha§. 
Cheapness, a. ^o^ ruh$. 
Cheat, v. <J-t ga&, yagu££; gU. 

han, yahun; gj*- hawwan, yu- 

hawwin ; £J^ hada', yahda*. 
Cheat, s. (fraud) <J>& ffi^ ; &W±- 

hiyana-t ; gj*. haun ; «*»* hila-t ; 

j&» makr. — (cheater) J*»\*t± gai- 

sa£; gW hadda'. — (in play) 

UU* mugalit ; J*!)* muzaugil. 
Check, s. (hindrance) g*^ mani' 

(pi. g^y* mawani') ; Ofe^* 'ayiq 

(pi. <3i\j* 'awayiq) ; Ju sadd (pi. 

oW\ asdad). 
Check, v. (stop, restrain) <-Wj waq- 

qaf, yuwaqqif; g— *-*• mana', 

yamna' ; y»> ha§ar, yali§ur, yah- 

§ir. — (control) W-a <Jabat, yaijbit. 

— (check and mate) «^U fiU sah 

Cheek, a. ^ hadd (pi. ^J*» hu- 

dftd) ; j^Aft 'izar (pi. j«V* 'uzr). 
Cheer, v. <j-J\ anas, y&nis. — (greet 

with joy) W fcayya, yu^ayyi. 
Cheer, s. (gladness) jy~ surur; 

8p-» masarra-t (pi. jw» masarr) ; 

— (J°yf u ^ greeting) **& ta^iya-t 

58 [Chi 

(pi. **>\ -at, V*W» taMya).— (fare) 

SSyB qdta-t. 
Cheerful, ad;. tj~** mabsAt; jj/-* 

masrfir ; q\**jI f arhan. 
Cheerfulness, *. yp* surAr; t& 

f arh ; tW\ imbisat ; cV^ i»- 

surafc; e^ ibtihaj. 
Cheerless, ad;, (of persons) )%- 3^ 

bila STiriir ; c/ ^ bila f arh ; &y» 

hazin ; ^*iu mugtamm. — (of 

things) )<*&• mukaddir. 
Cheese, s. &#* jubn, jibn. 
Cheesemonger, s. ^W jabban. 
Chemical, adj. ^W^kimiyawi-y ; 

^U^" kimawi-y. 
Chemise, s. j*#+S qamis (pi. ^Ui 

qumsan); «w batt (pi. <&>y^ 

butAt, «^U> bitat). 
Chemist, s. W+«£H ^* mu'allini 

al-kimiya ; W^W ^^ 'arif bi- 

Chemistry, s. <j)\+c&\ JasN ^ 

'ilm al-lgiall al-kim&wi-y; W^ 

Cheque, a. ^y*. fcawala-t; Ji^ 

Cherish, v. v»- habb, yahubb, 

ya^ibb ; ^ wadd, yawadd ; ^y^ 

nawa, yahwi. 
Cherry, s. j/ karaz ; 8j/karaza-t ; 

4>*^* qarasiya-t. 
Cherub, s. f^^ karubim ; oydjj^ 

Chess, s. tfja* satranj. 
Chest, s. (large box) J^*^- ^and^q 

(pi. &*\**> $anadiq); XiyL haz- 

na-t; v>^o dulab (pi. s-^^o 

dawalib).-— (treosOj^ sadr (pi. 

))<** ^udiir). 
Chestnut, *. 8«^ jft abii f arwa-t ; 

^uu-^ kastana-t ; i^fcU ^ahibal- 

liit- — (horse) j++\ q\*** tisan ac- 
inar ; y*. (^ faras hamra. 
Chestnut, adj. (colour) j+-\ asmar, 

f. \j+~ samra (pi. ^*— sumr) ; 

i^AUJ\ g J laun ai-^ahiballiit. 
Chew, v. «sUc «alak, ya'lak; Ja« 

ma^ag, yam^ag. 
Chicane, s. &#» hila-t; &«* fitna-t 

(pi. (^ fitan) ; fla-ju saf sata-t ; 

jVat niqar; to musakala-t 

Digitized by 





Chick, Chicken, 0. Kj>r° sils (pi. 

^Ijj- divan) ; v*>j&S katkut (pi. 

**w**U$ katakit) ; ty-k f arr&j 

(pi. ^V fararij). 
Chicory, 0. W^** bindiba; kj^ 

gikoriya-t ; q\j£* Sukuran. 
Chidb, v. &) wabbah, yuwabbih. ; 

«^-Jlc 'atab, yu'atib ; <A lam, ya- 

Chiding, 0. s-^ys? tagrib. 
Chief, adj. ^*>\ a? li-y. 
Chief, 0. ftt* muqaddam; J^ 

wali ; u^j ra'is, rayyis. 
Chieftain, 0. j*^ amir (pi. ^ 

Chilblain, 0. *pl\ w p» waram 

min al-bard. 
Child, 8. ^ walad (pi. *>)M awlad) ; 

J*t tin (pi- JW atfal). 
Childbed, 8. u*W\ ,»\t\ ayyam an- 

Childbirth, 8. *>3t wilad. 
Childhood, a. vyk tufuliya-t; 

Wo saba. 
Childish, ad/. <J^» tifli-y ; o*>^** 

sigari-y. — (by old age) *j*«* 

Childishness, 8. ly**> sabwa-t. 
Chill, Chilly, adj. tft band. 
Chill, Chillness, Chilliness, 8. 

•y bard ; **>#» buruda-t. 
Chime, 8. u-e^ytt (j>**k tanin al- 

Chime, v. qL tann, yatinn. 
Chimera, 0. JW*> hiyal (pi. *W 

ahyila-t) ; jy* tasawwur ; ^ 

wahm (pi. (*^\ auham). 
Chimerical, oc^'. 15**; wahmi-y ; 

J^hiyali-y; JkW ba^il. 
Chimney, 0. &*>ju madhana-t (pi. 

^\^« madahin) ; jW^ ujaq. — 

(Jhe fire-place within) t&p mau- 

qada-t (pL j£\j* mawaqid). 
Chin, 8. y** zaqan. — (of a woman) 

3—te 'uqsa-t. 
China, 0. (the country) e>*» ?in. — 

(porcelain) ***** siniya-t (pi. 

fj\y sawani). 
Chink, 0. &* saqqa-t (pi. jya» 

Chink, v.n. &*i\ insaqq, yansaqq. 

Chip, 0. &*ji farma-t ; &/» sarta-t. 
Chip, t>. ^ faram, yafrum. 
Chibp, v. *j± garrad, yugarrid; 

<jfc^ naga, yunagi; pif taran- 

nam, yatarannam. 
Chisel, 0. v>Vju* minqas (pi. <j**iU» 

lnanaqiS) ; jVju* minqar (pi. j**U* 

Chisel, v. <j*# naqai, yanqai ; fi 

naqar, yanqur. 
Chivalbic, Chivalrous, adj. isj*+\ 

Chivalry, 0. fyU\ imara-t. 
Chlorine, 0. S^H jJj* muwallid 

Chocolate, 0. &?/•* £okolata-t. 
Choice, 0. }*&*\ intiyar; v>Uy?rt 

Choice, adj. jUab* muhtar ; s - ^ ^ 

muntahab ; J*-&* fadil. 
Choiceness, 0. J-4* fadU; S«ty* 

Choir, 0. (band of singers) &*++ 

&t & *" jama'a-t inuganniyin. — 

(part of a church) u*;j*- horus 

(pi. <j*j\y* hawaris). 
Choke, v. a. v3-^s- hanaq, yahniq, 

yahnuq; (jJa* fattas, yufat^is; 

n. ^1 ihtanaq, yahtaniq ; J-Ja* 

fatas, yaftis; J^ ga?8, yagass. 

— (block up) Ju. sadd, yasudd. 
Choler, 0. (bile) \^* safra. — 

(anger) ^ gaiz ; s-«^ gadlab. 
Cholera, Cholera morbus, 0. 

&*e* hai^a-t ; ^$a^\ ^U» \&'ihi 

Choleric, adj. <^V* safrawi-y; 

s-»^ ga4^b. 
Choose, v. j^l\ ihtar, yahtar ; ^ 

naqqa, yunaqqi ; s-<£^ intahab, 

yantahib ; { J&°\ istafa, yas^afi. 
Chop, 0. &* qi^a'-t, quta*t (pL ^i 

qi$a', quta 4 ). 
Chop, v. ($& qatta', yuqatti*. 
Choral, 0. fcf tartil (pL Jss?V 

Chord, 0. /j watar (pi. j$)\ autar). 
Chorist, Chorister, 0. $y mtu 

rattil ; &>->* musabbi^. 
Chorus, 0. see Choir. 
Christ, 0. £*~+J\ al-masi^. 

Digitized by 





Christen, v. **+e 'ammad, yu'am- 
mid ; y* na$? ar, yuna§§ir ; yj^t 
gatfas, yugattis. 

CHRISTENDOM, 8. &**t~~4\ «sMUU\ 

al-mamalik al-masibiya-t ; SkJ\ 

lj\j*A\ al-balad an-na8araniya-t. 
Christening, 8. h*y**~ ma'mudi- 

ya-t; aWc 'imad; j#*£ tansir; 

**«-• sibga-t; y*^ gi$as. 
Christian, 8. <j\y* na? arani-y (pi. 

Z&\j*> nafaraniya-tjCJ)^ nasara) ; 

e.c -- masibi-y (pi. &-*&-** 

masibiya-t, gti^ » -" * masildyyin). 
Christianity, 8. re— d\ ^*> din al- 

masifc ; o * a "'* ^ 0*^ ad-din al- 

Christmas, 8. &-*& *>)&• •*** 'aid 

milad al-masifc. 
Chronic, adj. wy muzmin. — 

(chronic disease) «-JUj danaf. 
Chronicle, 8. &jv tarib (pi. ^y 

Chronicle, v. tfl arrah, yu'arrih, 

Chronicler, 8. tjy" muwarrib. 
Chronological, adj. ^^s ta- 

Chronolooi8t, 8. fyy muwarrib ; 

&)\j&\ (J** mu'alfim at-tawarib. 
Chronology, 8. &j\y&\ fJ* 'ilm at- 
Chronometer, s. &ty\ ^^ miq- 

yas az-zaman. 
Chrysalis, Chrysalid, a. <j*j* 

$arnaq ; &*/> 6arnaqa-t (pi. <J*V> 

Chubbiness, 8. &\& gabana-t. 
Chubby, adj. £$f marbu*. 
Chucbxe, v. «*W* cjabak, yadhak. 
Chuckle, Chuckling, a. 

<Jahk, <£kk. 
Church, a. &-*** kanisa-t (pi. (j-|U* 

kanayis) ; J*** haikal (pi. Jfl*A 

hayakil). — (community) & -*—<* 

bfa-t (pi. get biya'). 
Churchyard, «. &;*&• maqbara-t 

(pi. j*&» maqabir). 
Churl, s., Churlish, adj. M* 

galiz; (jj-A-i- baiin; <j**^ wahs; 

cJtf* jilf (pi. *jM ajlaf). 
Churn, $. &#\ *** \f&z J*y bar- 

mil yahudcju fibi al-laban ; _ 
mimbada-t; y*&\ </«£ *>j* qir- 
ba-t li-ha44 al-laban. 

Churning, 8. &£\ j^ ba44 al- 

Chyle, 8. u*jW kilus. 

Cicatrise, v.a. t;*N ^ battam 
al-jarb, yubattim; n. s-^\ in- 
qatab, yanqatfb. 

Cicatrix, 8. Ci^*M fl agar al-juruh : 
£W dag (Per*.). 

Cider, «. c^ s^V* &•***> at-tufak ; 
tVteN U ^. hamr ma at-tufalu 

ClMETER, ClMETAR, 8. vJ^. gaif 

(pi. «^j*~ suyuf) ; j^ battar. 
Cincture, 8. p\f* mzam (pi. *a>\ 

-at, l+f*\ abzima-t, ^ huzm); 

;Uj zunnar (pi. h^Uj zananir). 
Cinder, 8. &• milla-t ; *>Uj ramad. 
Cinerary, adj. ss>\y1\ s^>\f JjVi 

qabil turab al-amwat. 
Cinnamon, *. &^V* b£ qirfa-t 

sailaniya-t ; <j**o jU dar ?ini-y. 
Cipher, 8. ^) raqam (pi. p\ij\ 

arqam). — (secret writing) y») 

ramz (pi. jy^) rumuz). 

S^U da*ira-t (pi. ji^ 

Circle, *, 


Circuit, 8. ^*J> tauf.— (circum- 
ference) SjjW da'ira-t ; Sj\jo-^ isti- 

Circular, adj. j)** mndawwar. 
Circularity, 8. Wj*~\ istidara-t. 
Circulate, v.n. jw dar, yadur ; a. 

j^*i dawwar, yndawwir. 
Circulation, *. q\j*~ sayaran; 

<j<ij+ jarayan; ^o dawaran. 
Circumambient, adj. s-» W^* mu- 

hit bi. 
Circumcise, v. y^VL (ahar, yutahir ; 

^t» tabhar, yutabbir; &*> hatan, 

Circumcision, 8. <$lja- hitaB/ (hittU 

na-t) ; ^ tatbir ; 8j^ tabara-t ; 

)& tuhur. 
Circumference, a. see Circle. 
Circumflex, s. *>^ju-J\ ^Jl iU^e 

( alama-t a^-^aut a! mamdild. 
Circumjacent, adj. J-as*» mutta$il ; 

j)\+>" mujawir. 
Circumlocutary, adj. Jjtjl tainL . 

Digitized by 





CntcuMLOCUTiON, *. 8U»t Hala-t; 
^ J^ tul al-kalam ; Utf laff . 


haul, yusafir. 


safar haul al-ard. 
Cibcumscbibe, v. *>**»■ haddad, yu- 

Circumscription, *. (limitation) 

JfcJ^ tahdid. — (inscription round 

a coin) £UU* fy\ j da'ira-t mu'a- 

Circumspect, ad/, jy^* muhtariz ; 

u-4^- haris ; ^ s-^V* Baljib rai. 
Circumspection, 8. v**- fcars; 

u*V"»* "?tira» ; jo**** tadbir. 


fcala-t ; *A* kaifiya-t. 
Circumstantial, o^/. (incidental) 
Jite\ ittifaqi-y ; ^lc 'aridtf-y.— 
(minute) t>p*» ma^but; J - ** 


Circumvallation, *. jjuu. handaq 

(pL v5*>U*. hanadiq) ; u»ij&» ma- 

Circumvent, v. <J*t ga4£, yaguSS ; 

s-J^ galab, yuglib; (j*fc gaban, 


CIRCUMVENTION, $. J^t gi£s* ; &£J4» 

hadi'a-t (pL &\**» hadayi'). 
Cibcus, 8. q\±** maidan, mi dan 

(pL <$4*>W* mayadin). 
Cistern, s. &#* sihrij (pi. gjta* 

saharij) ; s-^ jubb (pi. s^W 

ajbab, v»W iibab, s-*** jubab) ; 

^^ hau<J (pi. <>**&. luyad, t>\j»-\ 

ah wad). 
Citadbl, s. W5 qal'a-t (pi. g!fci 

qila'); j* buri (pi. m buruj, 

sljtf abraj, &*^n abrija-t). 
Citation, a. (summons) s-J^ t&lab« 

— (quotation) f± zikr. 
Cite, r. («e*?wmm) Vc*> da'a, yad'u. 

— (guofe) ^& zakar, yazkur. 
Citizen, s. <&* &\ ibn balad (pi. 

al* jty aulad balad) ; ^jA* bala- 

Citizenship,*. <&J\ *>ty <^» J^l o^ 

kaun aJ^ad min aulad al-balad. 

Citbon, *. o^J laimun, limun. 
City, a. &*»fc» madina-t (pi. ^J^ 
mudun, ^W madayin) ; »U» 
balad (pi. *fe bilad, gto4 bul- 
dan) ; ^a* misr (pl.JjU*\ amsar, 
jy*» muBur). 
Civet, «. ***-*• misk, musk; *>Wj 

Civic, adj. <s>k baladi-y; J*^ 

Civil, adj. (not military) ^jflU 

mulki-y; ^V J diwaui-y. — (noi 

extraneous) (j-W** dahiH-y. — 

(polite) *r>*>\ s^^^-» sa^iib adab. 
Civilisation, 0. s^ adab; shi*>V* 

tadib; V*N s»W« al-adabal- 

Civilise, v. <&>*>\ addab, yu'addib ; 

<j~i\ annas, yu'annis ; (^J^ mad- 
dan, yumaddin. 
Civility, s. ^*S\ adab ; UkW lutf ; 

fijy* muruwwa-t; ^jIa- hulq (pi. 

Claim, v. Jtc ^>\ idda'a'ala, yad- 

da*i ; <J^ ^5^0 ^Uc 'amal da'wa 

'ala, ya'mal; s-J^ ^alab, yatlub. 
Claim, s. Uu>\ iddi'a; «t>VcW mu- 

da'at; <>« ^aqq. 
Clam, 0. jW* ma^ar. 
Clam, t?. <j^ lassaq, yulassiq. 
Clambeb, v. <J*j* 'arbai, yu'arbis'. 
Clamour, s. cW siyah ; ^o sar- 

ha-t ; &/* sarah ; ^e^ gau£a-t ; 

&+* 4a]ij ; J*W istilaq. 
Clamour, v. t\* sah, yasih; t/* 

sarah, yasruh ; j^ gawwa^, yu- 

gawwi^; ^ diajj, yadijj. 
Clan, s. a^ qabila-t (pi. J*Ws 

qabayil) ; ^5 qaum (pi. ^y\ 

aqwam); S^Ax 'aslra-t (pl.jj^fi 

Clandestine, adj. ^fta^ mahfi-y 5 

pf£+ maktum. 
Clang, s. &> ranna-t 5 &A tanin. 
Clang, v. ^ rann, yarinn; ^1» 

tann, yatinn. 
Clank, s. &&j&> tanfana-t. 
Clap, s. (of thunder) ±*\ ra'd. 
Clap, v. J^* safaq, yasfiq. 
Claret, s. od^-V «W nabiz fran- 


Digitized by 





Clarification, 8. &&s tasfiya-t. 
Clarify, v. vjA« safEa, yusaffi. 
Clash, a. &•** gadma-t; f>\^o\ 

isticjam ; ^Mtf talcum. 
Clash, v. f*>U* tasadam, yatasa- 

dam ; ,»L& talatam, yatalatam. 
Clasp, s. (hook) *-&*. hutfcaf (pi. 

«-A-*JALs> hatatif). — (embrace) 

gUxD>\ ihti<j£n ; (^ ba4n. 
Clasp, v. **L** ma8ak,yamsik; <jk 

'allaq, yu'alliq. — (ewifcrace) <J*^ 

'anaq, yu'aniq; ^* (jLamm, ya- 

Class, «. (A»nd) <j~** iins (pi. ^-W^ 

ajnas) ; £y nan' (pi. g\y* anwa'). 

— (rank) &£ tabaqa-t; &£j* 

martaba-t (pi. *r*\f maratib). 
Class, v. if nawwa', yanawwi* ; 

s-^ rattab, yurattib. 
Classic, Classical, adj. j*x** 

mu'tabar ; a*sa* mu'tamad. 
Classic, s. p£*+ u&\* mu'allif 

Classification, s. s-*e?y tartib ; 

g^a* tadrij. 
Classify, v. see Class. 
Clatteb, $. S*ty qarqa'a-t; &&& 

Clatter, v. gi/ qarqa', yuqarqi* ; 

<jM» taqtaq, yutaqtiq. 
Clause, s. (sentence) *W jumla-t 

(pi. J** jumal). — (article of an 

agreement) l»y» 6art (pi. J»«y* 

surxit); S^U madda-t (pi. *>\j* 

Claw, a. y& z ifr, zufr (pi. jW 

azf ar, j«ilM agafir) ; s-*U-* mih- 

lab (pi. s-JU^ mahalib). — (of 

cattle, Ac.) «-Aik 2 il£ (pL ^jfcM 

Clay, *. &)* tin. 
Clean, ai/\ U^a nagif (pi. «^Utf 

nizaf); jj\) rayiq; j&± Mlis; 

y*U. jahir. 
Clean, v. <J&t nazzaf, yunazzif ; 

«-JU* 'assaff, yu'assif . 
Cleanliness, 8. &U* nazafa-t; 

ty# naqawa-t. 
Cleanly, adj. «-Aji* nazif . 
Cleanse, v. see Clean. 
Clear, a#. (bright) je* • nayyir ; 

jA« mudi. — (transparent) <Jk* 
s&fi ; «^Va* saffaf .—(etwfenO y*^ 
zahir ; ^-*^ waduji. — (distinct) 
Clear, v. (make clear)* <jA-> saffa, 
yugaffi. — (remove) JUi Sal, yaiil. 
— (acquit) Vte <afa, yafu; jy 
barrar, yubarrir. — (gain) w~& 
kasab, yaksib. 
Clearness, s. <jip raunaq ; y* du; 
V** <Jiya. — (distinctness) t^S 
icjafc ; Mj* 9araha-t. 
Cleaye, v. (adhere to) <jk 'aliq, 
ya'laq ; <J&> ta ( allaq, yata'allaq ; 
<J-J lasiq, yalsaq. — («p2i^) <J* 
saqq, ya&uq ; O** falaq, yafliq. 
Cleaver, a. (butcher's knife) jf>\— 

satur (pi. j*Mj- sawatir). 
Cleft, s. <JA ^aqq; &* saqqa-t 
(pi. j*^ suquq); ^ falaq (pi. 
v3^* fuluq). 
Clemency, a. &**.j rahma-t ; &+*»y 

marhama-t ; to^ safaqa-t. 
Clement, ad/. ^/ kanm; <3^ 

6afiq; jy^ 6afuq. 
Clergy, «. <j*j&\ aklirus ; Z~)\~d\ 
al-qasawisa-t ; &*£\ XcU*^. ja- 
ma'a-t al-kahana-t. 
Clergyman, s. ^ qiss (pi. u«j~J 

qusus) ; <j*>e-i qissis. 
Cleric, Clerical, adj. ^-^ ka- 

nayisi-y ; e^ akliri-y. 
Clerk, s. s-*"tf k4tib (pi. v»^ kut- 
tab) ; J^ wakil (pi. *£ wukala). 
Clever, ady. y^U mahir ; ^W satir ; 
tjk* labiq ; j^^- haziq ; £f* nilj- 
rir (pl.>tj^ nafcarir). 
Cleverness, s. fyv mahara-t ; 
2jU* satara-t; &-i\J labaqa-t; 
&\$*- ha?aqa-t. 
Clew, s. see Clue. 
Click, s. <j^ taqq. 
Click, v. <j^ taq<3> y^t^qq. 
Client, s. ^U*. him4ya-t; (^^* 
mahmi-y ; ^y« maula (pi. JV» 
mawali); ^U ?agi (pi. a^U 
Clientship, a. ^Ua. bimiya-t; 
&+S zimma-t, zumma-tj #»U*i 

T.i mam 

Digitized by 




Cliff, *. ^o sahr, S^fe* sahra-t 
(pl.j^afe- suhur). 

Cliffy, adj. fk* sahir ; ijfk* sah- 

Climate, Clime, s. f*W iqlim (pi. 
(*}\j\ aqalim) ; jk»K eV mizaj 
al-qutr ; £U* munab. 

Climax, 8. g^JJ tadrij ; &^.x* mu- 

Climb, v. Jj raqi, yarqa; *** 
ga'id, yas'ad ; <j**ytf ta'arbaS, ya- 
ta'arbas; ijlL~5 tassallaq, yata- 

Clinch, v. (fix) «*** sabbat, yu- 
sabbit; «**tt asbat, yu§bit. — 
(grasp) yM qabad, r yaqbid. — (the 
fist) *J« <3*1> |abaq yaddahu, ya{- 

Cling, v. see Cleave. 

Clink, v. ^> tann, yatunn; <£>&> 
tan^an, yutantin. 

Clink, s. &LJ& ^antana-t. 

Clip, v. <j& qass, yaqus s ; y* jazz, 

Clip, a. (sheep-shearing) ^\ ty* 
jazza-t al-ganam. 

Cloak, *. S»y burda-t ; <j-J^ burnus 
(pi. cr^ty baranis) ; £&*• mai- 
lah (pi. £U- maialih) ; W* 'aba, 
**W* 'abaya-t (pi. W» *iba).— (0/ 
a pilgrim) Af*\ iferam. — (conceal- 
ment) {j^S talbis. 

Cloak, v. u-^ labbas, yulabbis; 
<J** hafa, yahfi ; f~ satar, yas- 
tur ; ~p£ katam, yaktum. 

Clock, *. &U sa'a-t. 

Clog, *. (obstruction) &\* mani 
(pi. grtj* mawani') ; <jfe^ 'ayiq 

(pL <3*V* '& w &yiq) » ^ s 8 ^ (P 1 - 
otJu^ asdad). — (tuooden shoe) 
sA>* qabqab (pi. s-^M qaba- 

Clog, v. &\* *aq, ya'uq ; jy* *aw- 
waq, yu'awwiq; g-** mana', 

Cloister, s. £* dair, der (pi. S;ji*> 
duyura-t, 8ji^ adyira-t). 

Close, adj. (shut) ,JjU* magluq; 
Jyuu maqful. — (narrow) Ok-* 
tfayyiq. — (near) s-*ij* qarib ; 

jamb. — (sultry) ^ fcarr. — (be 

close to) ^M as"fa, yuifi. 
Close, v. (shut) j^ galaq, yagliq ; 

£~> sakkar, yusakkir. — (the eyes) 

ij^\ agmad, yugmi<jL — (finish) 

*+> tammam, yutammim ; pz*. 

natam, yahtim. 
Close, s. \&}\ intiha ; &j\& nibaya-t ; 

(•Ut hitam ; f\*S tamam ; J^j 

Closeness, a. (narrowness) to** 

4iqa-t ; ^W*m ihtibas. — (vici- 
nity) v>/ qurb. 
Closet, s. 8jU halwa-t (pi. igjl*- 

Clot, v. s^\> rab, yar^b; *u^ ta- 

jammad, yatajammad ; <j*ji qa- 

ris, yaqras. 
Cloth, s. tf* jftt (pi. feW^ ajwah) ; 

v>Ui qumy (pi. ^U51 aqmi^a-t). 

— (table-cloth) tyutt 3^ biz as- 

suf ra-t ; J^j^ mifrai. 
Clothe, v. J-J labbas, yulabbis ; 

{j»J\ albas, yulbis. — (one*s self) 

{ j^ labas, yalbis; ^-4? talab- 

bas, yatalabbas; { J~*\ iktasa, 

Clothes, Clothing, s. s^V^ ag- 

wab ; <j)\~* * kasawi ; ^w^* ma- 

labis ; U*\j* ^araiif . 
Clothiee, *. ^^ juhi-y (pi. l&y* 

juhiya-t) ; J^Ui qamma^. 
Clotjd, s. £}W~ sahaba-t (pi. vW»* 

sahab); l*U± gamama-t (pi. 

j*Ufc gamam). 
Cloud, v.a. ^ gayyam, vugay- 

yim; s^^ tajjab, yu^ajjib ; »• 

f^* 5 tagayyam, yatagayyam. 
Cloudiness, 8. &Jk zulma-t. 
Cloudy, adj. ^u mugayyim. 
Clove, s. Jaj^ qaramful. 
Cloven, part, of Cleave, q.v. 
Clovee, s. &*L. l^ulba-t; 3Lo» fa?- 

sa-t ; p6~fl barsim ; Jtt nafl. 
Clown, 8. c^* fallah (pi. ^ -un, 

C^J^ falalih). 
Clownish, adj. ^y^* fallati-y; 

y*± ba^in. 
Clownishness, a. &Iaa. baiana-t ; 

&U gilaza-t. 
Cloy, v. &A3 tasabba', yata^abba*. 

Digitized by 





Club, a. «*>;«* nabbut (pi. u*«tl<i 

nababit) ; u*r~* J dabbus (pi. 

u-**^*> dababis). — (society) £ • +* 

majma ( (pi. £*W" majami'). 
Cluck, a. j/ qarq. 
Cluck, v. j/ qarraq, yuqarriq; 

jVl q&q, yaquq. 
Clue, a. (guidance) &**> dalala-t. — 

(ball of thread) <3*#* jarauhaq. 
Clump, a. (of tree&S B&j dagila-t. 
Clumsiness, a. &&& gilaza-t. 
Clumsy, adj. pet* gaslm; b*l* 

Clustee, a. (ofarapes) &**> hu$la-t 

(pi. J-* husal). 
Cluster, v. (collect together) g** 

jama', yajma?. 
Clutch, a. yM qab<J ; **** qab<Ja-t. 
Clutch, v. <>** qaba4, yaqbicj; 

«*L-* masak, yamsik. 
Clutter, a. tej* gaug& ; ^* <Jaj- 

Clyster, 8. &**. tuqna-t (pi. (^ 

Coach, a. S^V* karosa-t; &\j^ 

Coachman, a. &Wy*H j\j- sawwaq 

al-'araMna-t ; o***/* 'arabaji ; 

oVty* 'arabanji. 
Co-adjutor, a. <j-*Jj rafiq ; «*X-4/> 

Coagulate, v.a. J**, jammad, yu- 

jammid; n. M*r tajammad, ya- 

tajammad ; M^A injamad, yan- 

Coagulation, a. *>W^ injim&d. 
Coal, 8. ^j\ j**t fahm 'ardi-y. 
Coalesce, v. £+*A ijtama, yaj- 

tami' ; J^ ittahad, yattajiid. 
Coalescence, a. $\y*>\ imtizaj ; 

fU-tf\ incjiniam. 
Coalition, a. £U*^ ijtima* ; jVa*\ 

ittif aq ; *>M itti^ad. 
Coarse, adj. M* galiz ; &*± haiin ; 

Coarseness, a. &1U gal&za-t; 

&U* haiana-t ; &^ tahana-t. 
Coast, a. J»»U sllhil (pi. J*-W- sawa- 

hil); JLU satf (pi. Jty 6a- 

Coat, 8. gUdtf qaft&n ; &t* jubba-t 

(pi. s-** jubab); J*jj* surtft 

(Fr. surtout). 
Coat, v. ^~* kasa, yaksu. 
Coax, v. <j3U mallaq, yumalliq; 

,jU* tamallaq, yatamaJlaq j «Jkl»1 

l&{af, yul&tif . 
Cobble, v. g*> raqqa', yuraqqi'; 

clo salla^, yusallih. 
Cobbler, a. )\/» harraz. 
Cobweb, a. «t>«£*«i\ g~* nasj al- 

'ankabut (pi. e^-* nisaj) ; <>» 

«*~5u*N <u& al-'ankabut (pi. 

JAAc 'u&U) ; «t>j**.*«N «>** bait 

Cochineal, a. (insect) yjft So^a 

duda-t al-qirmiz; lthZ±f kosa- 

niliya-t. — (dye) yf qirmiz. 
Cock, a. *k* dik (pL **>y*> duyuk). 
Cock, v. (a gun) <*k>£\ «^Sj\ auqaf 

ad-dik, yuqif ; JMAAJ\ Jmi qa"ad 

a^-^aqmaq, yuqa"id. 
Cockatrice, *. «^WJ^ <^^- sult&n 

ai-hayyat; J-» sill (pi. J3u\ 

Cock-crow, a. «*V^J^ ^«« sit ad- 
Cockscomb, 8. *k<£\ ulc *nrf ad- 
Cocoa, a. <^Juub ^ joz (jauz) hindi ; 

Jt-^U narjil. 
Cocoon, a. j«N j^ joz (jauz) al- 

qazz; o^/ 1 8arnaq (pi. J^^a 

Cod, a. (husk) y** qi^r (pi. j^tj 

Code, a. gnyJ\ v»V^ kitab as*- 

Codicil, a. l**}\ &**** Q&mimar-t 

al-wasiya-t (pi. ^U-a damayim). 
Codipication, a. 5>^^ (J* nazm 

Codify, v. 0**ty^ f^* nazam al- 

qawanin, yanzim. 
Co-eppicient, a. L*» j »+ ma'lii- 

Co-equal, adj., a. (^/ qarin ; J^U 

mi§l ; J*** ma§il ; ^* nazir ; 

&*«* sabib. 
Coerce, v. f$\ alzam, yulzim; 

s-«^ gasab, yagsib ; ^t^\ ajbar, 


Digitized by 





Coercion, s. f>\J\ ilzam ; 

gasb ; ^A*^ igtisab. 
Co-eternal, adj. &* ^J^ abadi-y 

raisl-hu; <*i£* m\* dayim misl- 

Co-eval, adj. y>\*+ inu'a^ir ; j+* ^ 

fard 'umr. 
Co-exist, v. j^j o^j ^ q\* kan fi 

waqt wahid, yakun. 
Co-existent, adj. j*.^ c^*j ^i ^y* 

maujtid fi wakt wahid. 
Co- extensive, adj. S\ja*$\ ^L-a* 

mutasawi al-imtidad. 
Coffee, 8. (the fruit) & bann (pi. 

<$^\ abnan). — (the beverage) Sj$3 

Coffee-pot, 8. by&&\ ,3^ ibriq al- 

qahwa-t ; ©^? bakraj (pi. 5^ 

bakarij, Turk.). 
Coffer, s. s3)±*~ sanduq (pi. ,3^^* 

sanadiq) ; &y* hazna-t. 
Coffin, *. &~*U «yyV> tabut li-'l- 

mayyit (pi. «^~*\y tawabit). 
Cogency, 8. &&\ iqmV ; pty\ ilzam. 
Cogent, adj. £J&* muqni' ; ^L» 

mulzim ; gkVi qati'. 
Cogitate, v.^s*\ iftakar, yaftakir ; 

£& tafakkar, yatafakkar. 
Cogitation, *. f& tafakkur ; J*^ 

Cognate, adj. s-^/ qarib (pi. s-^ 
*V <l al %ib, W/^ aq- 

nasib (pi. s-^^ 



Cognition, Cognisance, 8. &f* 

ma'rifa-t (pi. U^U* ma'arif) ; p± 

hubr; j*± habar (pi. j^A ah- 

Cognomen, 8. V^kinya-t, kunya-t; 

s-*s* laqab (pi. s-»W alqab). 
Cohabit, v. g* ^^ 'as ma% ya'is\ 
Coheir, s. *£>\^^ «^/*» sank bi-'l- 

Cohere, v. *>«sN iltasak, yaltasiq. 
Coherence, Cohesion, a. j^UxH II- 

Cohesive, adj. &*&• multasjq. 
Cohort, *. C j* fawj (pi. e#» 

fuwuj, eV^ afwaj) ; ;j*U» tab&r. 
Coil, *. jW *&* halqa-t hibal ; 

* *$ wali'a-t. 

Coil, u. £*% waisa', yuwaiSi' ; s-^ 

kabb, yatubb. 
Coin, 8. &*U* mu'amala-t; ££«► 

sikka-t (pi. *£X£- sikak). 
Coin, t;. *£- s^/* darab sikka-t, 

yadrub ; &*U* ,30 daqq mu'a- 

mala-t, yaduqq ; £Uc «tt- sakk 

'amla-t, yasukk. 
Coinage, 8. ££- s^/* <Jarb sikka-t. 
Coincide, v. v>*\j wafaq, yuwafiq ; 

<J*U, {abaq, yutabiq ; ^asH iltaqa, 

Coincidence, 8. ^y tawafuq ; 

Z&i\y muwafiqa-t ; J^ ittifaq. 
Coincident, adj. \3^y muwafiq; 

{ J^» multaqi-y. 
Coke, 8. (**> fahm. 
Coition, 8. &**^ mujama'a-t ; 

t& nikah ; ulW* nik. 
Cold, adj. ^ barid ; ^-y bardan. 
Cold, 8. *y bard ; ^^3 zamharir. 

— (a coZfi) c 4 ^ rash; Jy nizl ; 

A3y nazla-t. 
Coldness, #. Sj^) baruda-t. 
Colic, «. u^*^ mags; ^W^ ^; 

waja' al-batn ; gdy* qaulanj. 
Collapse, s. t^fi- suqut ; l°j**> hu- 

Collapse, v. l&~ saqat, yasqut ; 

U-a habat, yahbit, yahbut ; gij 

waqa 4 , yaqa'. 
Collar, *. (0/ a coat) &) ziq (pi. 

jVjj\ azyaq) ; jU^ hunaq. — 

(necklace) j£> tauq (pi. J^^ 

atwaq); *>$* qilada-t (pi. ^t^* 

qilayid) ; Afic 'uqd, 'aqd (pi. Jyte 

Collar, v. J-** 'aunaq, yu'anniq. 
Collate, v. J*U> qabal, yuqabil. 
Collateral, adj. %j$f" muta- 

wazi ; «j;^^* musawi. 
Collation, 8. ^^* muqabala-t. 

— (repast between two meals) &£\ 

Colleague, s. J^j zamil (pi. %•) 

zumala) ; ,3**; rafiq (pi. Wj ru- 

Collect, v. £** jama 4 , yajma' ; ^ 

lamm, yalumm; j^ t az > yahuz. 

— (gather fruit) ^y* jana,yajni. 
Collected, acy. (*eZ/-j)OMe«*e(i) 


Digitized by 





£;**•* majmu' (pi. g**^ maja- 

Collectedness, 8. £****» jam'iya-t. 
Collection, *. £U*>^ ijtiuia* ; £+^f« 

Collective, adj. £j*^»* majmu*. — 

(collective noun) &j*&\ f*~A ism 

Collector, 8. g»W jaini*. — (of 

revenue) J*^* muhassil. 
College, s. &~)** madrasa-t (pi. 

<j*j\jt* madaris) 



&\ ibn al- 
^ ban! 

Collegian, 8, 

madrasa-t (pi. 

Collier, 8. ^j\ f**»i ^J^* mu'ad- 

din fahm ardi-y. 
Colliery, 8. ^j\ p*J &>**" ma'din 

fahm ardi-y. 
Collision, 8. f\d**\ istklAm ; ^^ 

tasadum. — (of interests) &cjU* 

munaza'a-t ; «*iJka^ ihtilaf. 
Collocate, v. &>i wada', yada*. 
Colloquial, adj. y>S~ savir. 
Colloquialism, s. &**& lugayya-t. 
Colloquy, 8. &*>W* muhadaga-t ; 

£JA^ muhataba-t ; *jj^* muha- 

Collusion, 8. ,3^ ittifaq; S^^t* 

Collusive, adj. ^W gaddar ; y^» 

Collyrium, 8. J^ kuhl (pi. JW^ 

akhal ; W>y tutiya ; t^jy* sur- 

Colonel, s. ^\ j~»\ amir (mir) 

alai ; ^V* c»5jlt baliik basi. 
Colonisation, s. S^W* muhajara-t. 
Colonise, v. gfc hajj, yahujj ; j*A* 

Mjar, yuhajir. 
Colonist, s. g*^& hajij ; j +* z~* * 

Colonnade, 8. ^\j* *-*-» saff 

Colony, 8. (body of colonists) &W 

&-+\jt> iama'at hajja-t ; d - rU-> 

t^^te*}* jama'at al-muhajirin. — 

(country) £**V» *xl* balad tabi'a-t. 
Colorist, *. t)J^» mulawwin. 
Colour, *. ^y lawn (pi. y\f\ al- 

wan). — (coZows) Jjti bairaq (pi. 

j^ bayariq); *e\> raya-t; ^ 

'alam (pi. ,«M a'lam). 
Colour, u.a. ^ law wan, yulaw- 

win ; £**> sabbag, yusabbig. — 

(blush) j+*-\ ahmarr, yahmarr. 
Colt, 8. #• muhr (pi. jw\ amhar, 

£%+ mihiir). 
Colter, Coulter, *. «&>^*H *£~ 

sikka-t al - mihras (pi. <d*S~* 

Column, s. *>^*Vc 'am (id (pi. •V^j* 

'awamid) ; *y«* 'amud (pi. S»ux\ 

Comb, 8. )***• must, m\&\ (pi. ±\£>*\ 

amsat). — (honey-comb) J— * <*& 

£ahd 'asl (pi. ^W sihad). 
Comb, v. Is-*-* maisat, ynma^it. 
Combat, s. Uj^» muqatala-t ; ^U> 

ta'aruk ; A^U* mu'araka-t. 
Combat, v. Jto qatal, yuqatil ; J>Va? 

taqatal, yataqatal; cs^UJ ta'arak ; 

Combination, 8. M^tahlit ; £Ua^\ 

ijthna 4 ; J^ ittifaq; ^W1 itti- 

Combine, v.a. £++ jama*, yajma* ; 

ji^ waffaq, vuwaffiq ; s-*j rat tab, 

yurattib ; n. £+*t>\ ijtama%yajta- 

nii' ; <J&\ ittafaq, yattafiq ; Jec^\ 

ittahad, yattahid. 
Combustible, adj. J/**; yahtariq ; 

***£ yuqad. 
Combustible, 8. ^^ waqud. 
Combustion, 8. ^j-*** ihtiraq ; 

oV*^ inhiriiq ; v^/ 1 ^ tahriq ; 

&\)*\ ihraq. 
Come, v. W jii, yaji ; ^j\ ata, yati. 
Comedian, 8. h*")&\ s-^ la*ib al- 

komediya-t ; s-*^3 la"ab. 
Comedy, 8. h**j£ komediya-t. 
Comeliness, 8. {$—*- husn ; &*»%• 

malaha-t ; J W jamal. 
Comely, adj. &)*• malih (pi. c^* 

milah) ; ($~~*' hasan (pi. & ' * a > 

hasana-t, U-a. husana) ; Je^^- 

Comestible, 8. *>\) zad ; \J*\*~ 

ma'as ; «y^S qut (pi. &\)*\ aq- 

Comet, s. s-*^^ s-fj^ kaukab az- 

zanab (pi. ^Si\ s-^/ kawakib 

Digitized by 





al-aznab) ; s-^^ &*r najma-t 

Comfit, s. ^ hulu, S^U hulwa-t 

(pi. ^5^ halawa, *a?\j^ hala- 

Compobt, *. (ease) &je- sahula-t ; 

&*Aj raha-t; &~*k bulahniya-t ; 

j~>i yusr, yusur. — {consolation) 

aJ— 5 tasliya-t ; hf> ta'ziya-t ; 

Jl-» tasalli ; ^UH ^^ jabran 

Comfort, v. <J~> salla, yusalli ; <^f- 

'azza, yu'azzi ; yt* jabbar, yu- 

jabbir. — (strengthen) ^j* qawwa, 

yuqawwi; *>ja Saddad, yusad- 

Comfortable, adj. J«~ sabil ; &y 

murih ; {$** bayyin ; s-*-^* mu- 

nasib; •>**; ragld. 
Comfortableness, s. &je- sabu- 
Comic, Comical, adj. *aW^ mud- 

Comicality, s. &£*-&* inadhaka-t; 

Cf mazh (pi. c^* mizah) ; S^—^ 

Coming, s. *)# wuriid. 
Command, s. y\ amr (pi. y\y\ awa- 

mir) ; {£** hukm (pi. f>&*\ ah- 

Command, v. j+\ amar, ya'mur. 
Commander, s. (&*■ hakim (pi. 

f\£*» hukkam) ; j~*\ amir (pi. V^ 

uraara). — (of an army) ^ 

qavid. — (of a garrison) k*^* 

Commandment, s. l#°y wasiya-t (pi. 

V*Uj wasaya). — (the ten) *&\ ^j 

wasaya allah ; w\*X j**&\ al-'asar 

Commemobable, adj. fh yuzkar 

(3 pres. pass.). 
Commemorate, v. j& zakar, yaz- 

kur ; j&* tazakkar, yatazakkar. 
Commemoration, s. /** zikr. 
Commemorative, adj. tsj^* 5 taz- 

Commence, v. ^ bada, yabda; 

tort ibtada, yabtadi ; J«* ja'al, 


Commencement, s. \^\ ibtida ; 

c Usi\ iftitah ; <j*\> ras. 
Commend, v. t±* madah, yamdah ; 

.U** hamad, yahmud ; *-&*>) wasaf , 

Commendable, adj. c^**** mam- 

duh ; •**♦*- hamid ; *y+&+ mah- 

mud ; ^y°y* mausuf. 
Commendation, s. *+*. hamd ; 

»Uyfe* niahmad ; &*" madh ; *>**»♦» 

Commendatoby, adj. a+^* muham- 

Comment, Commentaby, s. ty* 

sarh (pi. t)r* ^uruh) ; j*~ti taf- 

sir (pi. ^s~to tafasir). 
Comment, v. t/» sarah, yasrah ; 

j~i fassar, yuiassir. 
Commentator, *. C;^» sarih (pi. 

tfj* surrah). 
Commerce, s. ^^a* matjar; ^V^> 

tijara-t. — (intercourse) S p frU* 

inu'asara-t ; &*o.Uo* musahaba-t. 
Commercial, adj. ^W* tujari-y. 
Commingle, v.a. ^ halat, yahlu£ ; 

n. \k&\ ihtalat, yahtalit. 
Commiserate, v. ^ rahim, yar- 

ham ; <J& (JA*. 6afaq *ala, yasfuq ; 

^jlc ^ hann *ala, yah inn. 
Commiseration, s. ^Ue^ rahma-t ; 

^5AAi £afaqa-t. 
Commissary, s. J*^ wakil (pi. Kj 

wukala) ; ^»W» mubasir. 
Commissaryship, 8. ^^j wakala-t. 
Commission, s. (on goods) £7** 

*umula-t. — {warrant) ^^* sanad 

(pi. *>U-\ asnad). — (delegation) 

£jtfj wakala-t. — ('perpetration) 

*tJ&3j\ irtikab. 
Commission, v. ^y wassa, yuwassi ; 

J^ wakkal, yuwakkil. 
Commissioner, *. J^y* muwakkal ; 

J**3 wakil. 
Commit, v. (intrust, deposit) fX* 

sallam, yusallim; g^ wada*, 

yada'. — (imprison) <j~+** habas, 

yahbis; {$*~ saian, yasjun. — 

(perpetrate) s-*^> irtakab, yar- 

Committal, Commitment, s. (to 

Digitized by 





prison) <j~*»- habfl. — {perpetra- 
tion) v»^»^ irtikab. 

Committee, *. *a« » i jani'iya-t. 

Commodious, adj. s-*~^ munasib ; 
(3*\y* muwafiq. 

Commodiousness, 8. *V- U* muna- 
saba-t ; &i\y* muwafaqa-t. 

Commodity, 8. (merchandise) £cUj 
bida'a-t (pi. g>Uj badayi') ; SjW* 
tijara-t; s-**~ sabab (pi. s^W-^ 

Commodore, *. ))*y$ komodor. 

Common, adj. f\* 'amm ; ^yy** 
'umumi-j ; d j -z&* mustarik. — 
(usual) ^{#&\ i'tiyadi-y ; jVsa* 
mu'tad. — (ignoble) j*'i*» haqir. 

Common, *. ^J^ maidan, midan 
(pi. e>* J ^* mayadin) ; &y marj 
(pi. SW muruj). 

Commonness, 8. Sy£ kasra-t ; JjW 

Commotion, s. a^ haraka-t. — 
(perturbation) &** fitna-t ; £Utt 
qalqala-t; ^»\Ju\ idtirab; *yJ 

Commune, v. UW halat, yuhalit ; 
j*>\* 'asar, yu'tUir. 

Communicate, v. (impart informa- 
tion) j*&\ ahbar, yuhbir; <*Jf> 
'arraf, yu'arrif. — (be connected) 
J*^ ittisal, yattasil; &* nafaz, 
yanfuz. — (partake of the Lord's 
Supper) u-J^U^ q\*^\ JjVtf tana- 
wal al-qurban al-muqaddas, ya- 
tanawal; ^ a . s jS \ q\*j&\ ^jSS 
taqarrab al-qurban al-muqaddas, 

Communicative, adj. <j*W* fayyad ; 
jjtw« musayir ; ttf** mumtazij. 

Communion, 8. (familiar inter- 
course) £**A-o*mu$ahaba-t ; aU^* 
muhalata-t. — (the sacrament) 
^*^U3\ y\ij&\ al-qurban al-mu- 

Community, 8. &**+* jam'iya-t; 
j)*** jainhur (pi. ^W jama- 

Commutation, s. J->«V tabdil ; 
v>W inqilab ; Ja*** tahwil. 

Commute, v. J* badal^ yabdil ; 
qalab, vaqlib. 

Compact, adj. *-&J& kasif ; U&\Sjl* 

Compact, *. Age < a hd (pi. ^^ 
*uhud) ; I»j* sart (pi. 1$* siuriH) ; 
£te\ ittifaq. 

Compact, v. ^ sahhan, yusahhin ; 
«--&& kas*af, yukassif. 

Compactness, s. &C£ kasafa-t. 

Companion, s. vj*^ rafiq (pi. Ui ; 
rufaqa, jM^ arfaq) ; s — *A* 
sahib (pi. v»^°^ ashab). 

Companionable, adj. u ~~>\ anis. 

Companionship, s. &*; rufqa-t (pi. 
&j rufaq, j\ij rifaq, j^ arfaq). 

Company, s. d\«o jam 4 iya-t ; a*^» 
§uhba-t ; l-M\j* murafaqa-t. — 
(commercial) *f± sirka-t, surka-t. 

Compare, v. J* J?Vi qjibal 'ala, 
yuqabil ; v> oj^ qarau bi, yu- 
qarin ; s-» M» Kabbah bi, vusab- 

Comparative, adj. { jte***S tasbi- 

Comparative, 8. (degree) J*-a» 
tafg*il. — (noun) J*^ ^ ism at- 

Comparison, s. &~-&j tasbih ; i#U*» 
musabaha-t; J*JU> tamsil ; &*Uu 
muqabala-t ; &~-aVa* muqayasa-t. 

Compartment, s. (*~* qism (pi. 
f^^\ aqsam) ; Vc ; wi'a' (pi. ^Lcj\ 

Compass, s. (circle) S^U dayira-t ; 
S ; \as«.\ istidara-t ; ;^a daur (pi. 
j\)^ adwar). — (extent, limit) j\*vfi* 
miqdar; Aew hadd (pi. *y^ 
feudud). — (^e mariner's) 0-** 
^»S^ bet al-ibra-t ; fiU^ busola-t ; 
Afi^huqqa-t; «tW hikk ; <»-^ iV> 
qibla-t nama-h. — (pair of com- 
passes) j^ti baikar, bikar (pi. 
/W* bayakir, j£\$ bawilkir). 

Compass, v. (surround) v» ^^ 
ahat bi, yuhit ; *-JaS kannaf, yu- 
kannif.— (attain) JU nal, yanal ; 
J-a^ hassal, yuhassil. 

Compassion, s. Asia, ^afaka-t; 
marhama-t ; &5j riqqa-t. 

Compassionate, adj. «jya» safuq ; 
<Jh** saiiq ; ^j^a^ musfiq ; j^ij 
*r*A\ raqiq al-qalb. 

Digitized by 





Compassionate, v. (**) raljam, yar- 

him ; <JL* «J&* 6afaq 'ala, yast'uq ; 

ij** if* hann 'ala, yahinn ; J jj 

raqqli, yariqq. 
Compatibility, s. &&\y» muwafi- 

qa-t; £fii*tf qabiliya-t. 
Compatible, adj. J ij^j* muwafiq 

li ; £* fJ^ yattafiq ma' a ; J?^* 

Compatriot, s. ^ &\ ibn balad 

(pi. Sly\ aulad). 
Compel, v. rf\ alzam, yulzim ; s-*** 

gasab, yagsib; j*\ ajbar, yuj- 

bir ; f^ qahar, yaqhar. 
Compendious, adj. yty mujaz ; 

j*z&" muhtasar. 
Compendium, 8. ^afc* muhtasar ; 

j\-oaU ihtisar. 
Compensate, v. ^ J>f 'awwad 

'ala, yu'awwid. 
Compensation, s. J*f- 'iwad, 'awad 

(pi. <j>\f& a'wad) ; S ; lJ. ij»f5 

ta'wid hasara-t. 
Compete, v. jM gayar, yugayir ; 

^>V*J tagayar, yatagayar; <j,jW 

jara, yujari. 
Competence, *. (capacity) S^jJ qud- 

ra-t; *^*\* qabiliya-t. — (liveli- 
hood) (•jtyN al-lawazim. 
Competent, adj. ^ qadir; s-^\j 

wajib ; <Ji^ laviq ; s— ^ muna- 

Competition, s. *^ gaira-t ; S^^±* 

niugayara-t ; ^>V*J tagayur ; &*j&» 

muqawama-t ; &^W^ mujarat. 
Compilation, s. £♦* jam' ; c-AjU 

Compile, v. £♦** jama', yajma' ; 

ULu» sannaf, yusannif; c-Al\ 

allaf, yu'allif. 
Complacence, Complacency, s. 

^*)f" ma'rut ; &UJ lat&fa-t. 
Complacent, adj. *-*)f-* s-*-»^* 

sahib ma'ruf ; «~AJal latff. 
Complain, v. ^fr saka, yaski; 

i^&y istaka, yaitaki. 
Complainant, 8. (plaintiff) (**te 

tahim ; ^J^ muda'i. 
Complaint, s. ft^* 3akat. 
Complement, 8. &U£ kamala-t; 

1+& tatimma-t. 

Complemental, Complementary, 

adj. pz+ mutimm ; J-^» mukam- 

Complete, adj. J-^ kamil ; J*£* 

mukammal; (A* tilmm; fU> ta- 

Complete, v. J*£ kammal, yukam- 

mil ; f*i> tammam, yutammim ; 

s-»; rabb, yarubb. 
Completeness, 8. JU£ kainal ; &^-> 

sahha-t, sihha-t. 
Completion, 8. (•Usa^ ihtiinam. 
Complex, adj. s-^/» murakkab ; 

«-JiJtf lafif ; <*/*+}*& gair mufrid. 
Complexion, 8. &*f\ <$$ laun al- 

Compliance, «. ^cVL $a'a-t ; ic^VW. 

Complicate, v. **M» sabbak, yu- 

3abbik ; Wai4 lahbat, yulahbit. 
Complicate, adj. «jy*U malf uf ; 

yysp* )A zu sujun. 
Complication, 8. laU. halt ; ^ W*- 

halt malt ; ^WaesJ lahbata-t. 
Complicity, 8. *r*>&\ ^ &/• ^ar- 

ka-t fi-'z-zamb. 
Compliment, 8. cA)L& takalluf (pi. 

<*>\ -at) ; UlJ*3 taklif (pi. Ukjtfi 

takalif) ; (jUJ tamalluq. 
Compliment, v. (congratulate) ^^ 

v» hanna bi, yuhanni. — (address 

with approbation or jlattery) (jfi*3 

tamallaq, yatamallaq. 


adj. ^jfiJU? tamliqi-y. 
Comply, v. £^ t&wa', yutawi' ; ^4— 
samuh, yasmuh ; v»W ajab, yu- 


Component, s. yt- juz (pi. \y*\ 

Comport, v. q* **XU salak ma', 

Compose, v. s-*^ rakkab, yurak- 
kib; S°) wassal, yuwassil. — (as 
an author) cJUo sannaf, yusan- 
nif ; *-rt\ allaf, yu'allif. — (music) 
VAi\ an^a*, yansi\ — (calm) ($£— 
sakkan, yusakkin. 

Composedness, 8. J^\ t+\j raha-t 
I Composer, 8. (author) Uu** mu- 

Digitized by 





sannif ; U&'y mu'allif. — (of 
music) fc)VJ\ s-^-^* sahib alhan. 

Composition, s. *-r***/ tarkib. — 
(literary work) *- & &>*> tasnif (pi. 
oLoU» tasanif) ; ^^\ insa. 

Compositor, s. (of types) ^y 

Compost, s. »>j zibl ; flWj zabala-t. 

Composure, s. &u*U1> tumanina-t ; 
£)U**U i^minan. 

Compound, *. U± hil$ (pi. ^ 
ahlat) ; s-**/* raurakkab. 

Compound, v. ^ halafc yahlut ; 
^Sj rakkab, yurakkib. 

Comprehend, v. (understand) p& 
fahiin, yafham; csJjj\ adrak, 
yudrik. — (comprise) g-j wasi', 
yasa' ; { J* <>sf*^ ihtawa 'ala, 
ya^tawi ; J^ J+**\ istamal 'ala, 

Comprehensible, adj. (*&*t yanfa- 
him ; j»^» mafhuin. 

Comprehension, s. (intellect) ^e» 
fahm (pi. f& fahum) ; J&* 'aql 
(pi. Jy* 'uqul) ; Jy*<* ma'qul.— 
(containing) \f** il^tiwa ; JWxM 

Comprehensive, adj. (intelligmt) 
csJ ; J^ mudrik; J*^ 'aqil; f+*& 
fahim. — (comprising) J^*- 7 "" * 
musftamil ; <^f**~ muhtawi. 

Comprehensiveness, « : (discern- 
ment) Sjtfj zakawa-t ; &&* litna-t. 
— (precision) W-* cLib{. 

Compress, s. &u& lafafa-t (pi. «-A>^ 

Compress, v. j** 'as?, ya'us? ; <Jh* 
dayyaq, yudayyiq. 

Compression, ». v>«^ tadyiq; 
a*U\ idaqa-t. 

Comprise, v. see Comprehend. 

Compromise, s. (agreement) ^*> 
suit ; &J^* musalaha-t ; <J*jl» 
&yfr-S\ tariq as-suhula-t. 

Compromise, v. (ogrree) c 5 ^ tasa- 
lab, yatasalah; e&*>\ istalah, 
yas^alih. — (expose) W laft, ya- 

Compulsion, s. (*\j\ ilzam; s-*** 
gasb; v>*— ' *** igtisab; JL-t+\ 

Compulsory, adj. j+v mujbir; 

f}+ mulzhn. 
Compunction, s. WaJ uadama-t ; 

p<& nadam ; j»aaJ tanaddum. 
Computation, s. v»^—°* hisab ; 

v>l~»*^ ihtisab. 
Compute, v. » « * hasab, yah sub ; 

^jL-o. J+c 'amil hisab, ya'mal; 

s-*— ^ ihtisab, yahtasib. 
Comrade, s. <j**; rafiq (pi. Va^ 

rufaqa, v5^ arfaq). 
Con, v. M* ^ <J^ (J^ ta'allam 

'ala juhr qalb hu, yata'allam. 
Concatination, s. J~L~* tasalsul ; 

j)*r tajanzur. 
Concave, adj. <*JyA ajwaf, f. My* 

jaufa (pi. «J^ juf) ; s-*j** mu- 

Concavity, s. s-*y* jauf (pi. u\fA 

ajwaf) ; «-^yr tajwif. 
Conceal, v. { J± hafa, yahfi ; <^**\ 

ahfa, yuhfi; f~ satar, yastur; 

^ katain, yaktum. 
Concealment, s. ***** tahbiya-t; 

UU ihfa; fi£ katm; cjU^ kit- 
Concede, v. (admit) J*i qabil, yaq- 

bal ; ,J~ sallara, vusalliin. — 

(yield) £jU* ^awa', yu^awi*. 
Conceit, *. (fancy) JW^ hiyal ; 

j^-» tasawwur. — (affectation in 

speech) &/-J zahrafa-t ; g*-» ta- 

sannu'. — (self-esteem) y*& takab- 

bur; j U . C ^-\ istikbar. 
Conceited, adj. (affected) £~*" 

musanna*. — (full of self-esteem) 

y SsL** mustakbir; }*£*• muta- 

kabbir ; ^yu magrur. 
Conceitedness, s. y*& takabbur ; 

jiSs J \ istikbar. 
Conceive, v. (in the mind) ^ 

fahim, yafham; ^j\ adrak, 

yudrik. — (in the womb) va«l»» 

habilat, tahbal ; «*-^ 'aliqat, 

Concentrate, Concentre, t?. (an 

army) **\) £*y ^ <J»y**R g^ 

jama' al-juyus ft mau^a* wahid, 

yajma'. — (condense) *-*^ kas§af, 

Concentration, *. fUs^\ ijtiuia*. 

Digitized by 



\)-<fy *5 lahu 


Concentric, adj. ^ 
markaz wahid ; j$yA\ 
tahid al-markaz. 
Conception, s. (thought) 

idrak ; ^y* tasawwur ; J*** ta- 
hayyul. — »' pregnancy) J-^ habal ; 
JU*. hubal. 
Concern, s. (business) y\ amr (pi. 
jy A amur) ; J** sugl (pi. JU*t 
aigal, J^*a sugul). — (affection) 
sj>-^r^ inuhabba-t. — (anxiety) ^ 
hamm (pi. fj** hunium) ; <jr* 
Concern, v. <j^ has?, yahuss ; 

v^-w^ intasab, yantasib. 
Concerning, prep. \j&i U*i ii-ma 

Concert, v. kj rabat, yarbut ; y^ 

dabbar, yudabbir. 
Concert, *. (agreement) J;^ ta- 
dawul ; o^ ittifaq. — (musical 
entertainment) **f nauba-t. 
Concession, s. kW\ ijaba-t ; Jj** 

qabul ; ,•**— » taslim. 
Conciliate, v. (gain) U&*&~ \ ista'- 
taf, yast'atif. — (reconcile) ^^» 
^~* salah ben-bum 
fLo\ aslah, yuslih. 
Conciliation, s. £* sulh ; &JU* 

Conciliatory, adj. £*• mualih. 
Concise, adj. ?*£,>• muhtasar; 
U^* uiujinal ; f*&* muqtasar ; 
Y*y+ mujaz. 
Conciseness, s. ;UaU ihtisar ; JU*^ 

ijmal; &£* tanqih. 
Conclude, v. (finish) (*+* tam- 
mam, yutammim ; «jfik- halaa, 
yahlus ; (*&> hatam, yahtiin. — 
(logically) g~s-^ istantaj, yas- 
tantij ; J«^-\ istadall, yastadill. 
Conclusion, s. (termination) ^~ 
hitam; k^W nihaya-t. — (infer- 
ence) u-W* qiyas (pi. *~*fl aqyi- 
sa-t) ; *%** natija-t (pi. gjVtf 
Conclusive, adj. <J* batti-y ; && 

Concoct, v. (digest) p** hadam, 

71 [Con 

yahdim. — (plan) j+±\ admar, 
Concoction, 8. f+ut hadm ; fW^ 

inhidam ; J-l^ tahlil. 
Concomitant, adj., s. h^U sahib. 
Concord, s. j\&\ ittifaq ; &&\y 

muwafaqa-t ; ^V*^ ittihad. 
Concourse, s. £\+*A ijtiina' ; &m*j 

zahma-t ; fWjj\ izdiham. 
Concrete, adj. (compound) s-^» 
murakkab. — (having a real exist- 
ence) ^f»-y maujiid ; &\* kayin. 
Concubine, s. hy~ surriya-t (pi. 
<4)V* sarari) ; £«W» mahgiya-t 
(pi. ^^ mahagi). 
Concubinage, s. <^y~* tasarri. 
Concupiscence, *. Sje* 6ahwa-t; 
£cUJ» {ama'at ; ^Viy tauqan ; s~*- 
«y\je-&^ hubb as-sahwat. 
Concupiscent, adj. ^jfl* £ahwa- 
ni-y ; v^— & nafsi-y ; ^9^^ mus- 
tahi; (*& gillim. 
Concur, v. <J*>\ ittafaq, yattafiq; 

Jcs^ ittahad, yattahid. 
Concurrence, s. jto\ ittifaq ; *>Wi 

ittihad ; SjusL~* musa'ada-t. 
Concussion, s. £y*y taza'zu* ; Syfc 

huzza-t; ^»xlo«\ istidam. 
Condemn, v. (sentence) ^ #•£&• 
hakara 'ala, yahkum. — (reject) 
<J>-t) rafad, yarfid, yarfud. — 
(blame) ^ lam, yalum ; p«J zamm, 
Condemnation, s. a <r^ hukm; 
&*)£*- hukuma-t. — (rejection) j^j 
Condensation, s. &***& tashin; 

1 J1 . J& taksif. 
Condense, v. {^ sahhan, yasah- 

hin; cJUi'kassaf, yukassif. 

Condescend, v. JjUj tanazal, yata- 

nazal ; £jU» tawa', yutawi*. — 

(stoojj) £-*=- v tahadda', yatahadda*. 

Condescension, s. Jj& tanazul; 

^\L« mu^awa'a-t. 
Condign, adj. s-^\j wajib ; ^3 ^ " "* 

Condiment, s. j\& bahar (pi. **>\ 

-at) ; Jj** tabul ; J«<-sy tatbil. 
Condition, s. (state) J^ hal (pi. 
jy \ ahwal) ; ^ hala-t.— (rank) 

Digitized by 





<^A san (pi. yfyt* s&'un, q\2± 
^i'an) ; ,•&• maqarn (pi. cw\ -at) ; 
&y martaba-t (pi. s-^^* mara- 
tib). — (quality) l^S kaifiya-t ; 
*-*-*} wasf ; &-> sifa-t. — (stipula- 
tion) L ; a. sart (pi. l^ surut). 

Conditional, adj. ^t^ sarti-y ; 
^>r*"* mi\sr\i\. — (in grammar) 
Q)* sartiya-t. 

Condole, v. ^j* 'azza, yu'azzi. 

Condolence, 8. £*)*> ta'ziyat. 

Conduce, v. &* nafa', yanfa' ; M\ 
afad, yufid. 

Conducive, adj. g*U nafi* ; j^a* 
mufid ; Q)\*" mu'awin. 

Conduct, s. ctl^L- suluk ; «tU— ^ mas- 
lak ; S^-j- sira-t. — (management) 
F*<£ tadbir. 

Conduct, v. (guide) ^JUfe hada, 
yahdi ; ^o. wadda, yuwaddi ; J«J 
dall, yadull. — (a?* army) *>U qad, 
yaqiid. — (manage) ^ dabbar, 
yudabbir. — (behave) ctXU salak, 

Conductor, a. J*J*> dalil (pi. !b\ 

Conduit, g. ^^^ majra (pr. ^;V- 

majari) ; s-»^y» mizrab (pi. sh^j* 

Cone, s. ^)f*" inahru{ (pi. i&A -At). 
Coney, Cony, 8. s-*>^ arnab (pi. 

s-^ aranib). 
Confection, 8. ^ halu ; ^jU. 

halwa (pi. <£)%» halawa, «y^V 

halawiyat); ^y murraba (pi. 

ut>W/* murrabayat). 
Confectioner, s. ^V^ halwaui-y 

(pi. &*>\£*» halwaniya-t) ; ^y 

Confederacy, s. SjaU^ mu'aha- 

da-t; J^c 'ahd; jUrt ittifaq ; 

*>W\ ittihad. 
Confederate, v. j«aVc *abad, yu- 

'ilhid; <3*^ ittafaq, yattafiq ; 

<--&JW? tahalaf, yatahalaf. 
Confederate, adj. 8. «-A)l*-x* mu- 

tahalif; *W^« muttahid; <JAs* 

Confer, v. (bestow) Jsc 'a$a, ya'ti ; 

s-^ wahab, yahab ; ^Mi\ an'am, 

yan'im. — (consult together) j^tftj 
tasawar, yatasawar ; J^jJ tada- 
wal, yatadawal. 

Conference, s. SjjIa* mu&awara-t , 
S^a* muzakara-t. 

Confess, v. (sins) *-*jZ*\ i'taraf, 
ya'tarif ; <*Jf*~\ ista'raf, yasta*- 
rif . — (hear confession) sj\ft&\ £*- 
sama' al-i'tiraf, yasma*. — (admit) 
j>\ aqarr, yuqirr. 

Confession, s. s-*\f&\ i'tiraf ; j\y\ 

Confessional, s. u\f*$\ c^** bet 
al-i'tiraf ; ^\f*$\ ^ kursi al- 

Confessor, 8. (who confesses) sjya^» 
mu ( tarif. — (who hears confession) 
u\f*$\ (A** mu'allim al-i'tiraf; 
sJ^ niu'arrif. 

Confidant, s. (confidential friend) 
Jel* halil (pi. 2M ahilla, ^ 
hullan) ; y~3\ s-^V-9 sahib as-sirr 
(pi. s->^-^ ashab). 

Confide, v. (trust) (f\ aman, yu- 
min ; v» <3*j wasaq bi, yasiq. — 
(entrust) g^ auda 4 , yAdi*. 

Confidence, *. *>ViUc\ i*tiqad ; JSy 
tawakkul ; is> §iqa-t. 

Confident, adj. (relying) J^» 

Confidential, adj. i$~»\ auiin (pi. 
U^ umaria) ; ,jSy\ ausaq, f . ,J$y 

Configuration, 8. l^y* sura-t (pi. 
jy* suwar) ; &S**> hai'a-t. 

Configure, v. jy eawwar, yusaw- 
wir ; £U sag, yasug. 

Confine, v. (limit) jj^ haddad, 
yuhaddid; ysi\ iqtasar, yaqta- 
?ir. — (imprison) u~*» habas. 
yahbis ; <#*~> sajan, yasjnn. 

Confinement, *. (imprisonment, 
restraint) <j~*^ habs; ^W-^^ 
ihtibas; ^tw hajz. — (childbirth) 
fi->^ wilada-t ; (j-U> nil'as. 

Confirm, v. j/ qarrar, yuqarrir ; 
«3&* baqqaq, yuhaqqiq.— (sacra- 
mentally) «^> sabbat, yugabbit ; 
V))*+l\ y* £**• manah sirr al- 
mirun, yamnah. 
Confirmation, «. j\j»\ iqrar ; «y^ 

Digitized by 





igbat; J^V* ta'kid. — (sacrament) i 

**<**£ tasbit ; Q)j**R al-mirun. ' 
Confirmatory, adj. <£*• muwak- , 

Confiscate, v. )*** 4&b&t> ya^bit. I 
Confiscation, 8. W-* dabt ; &;*>U* 

Conflagration, *. <J2;»* ^ariq (pi. 

ijf» harqa). 
Conflict, 8. (of interests) &JW« 

muhalafa-t ; So*>U* mudadada-t. 

— (of bodies) p*\*5 tasadum ; 

p\jL*>\ ietidam. — (combat) &>&• 

Conform, v. (comply) «J»U* {abaq, 

yutabiq; <3*\j wafaq, yuwafiq. — 

(make conformable) «J*j waffaq, 

Conformable, adj. v5*s* muttafiq ; 

<J*\j* muwafiq; ,J*U»* mu^abiq ; 

gala* mutf'. 
Conformation, *. e#j*» takwin; 

s-^y tarkib. 
Conformity, *. &U\y muwafaqa-t ; 

£fi*Ua* mutabaqa-t. 
Confound, v. (confuse) Was3 lah- 

ba{, yulahbit ; yjh± habas, yah- 

bis. — (take one thing for another) 

U^ halat, yahlut. — (astonish) ^ 

hayyar, y uhayyir. — (destroy) ±~*\ 

afsad, yufsid ; *-&\ atlaf , yutlif ; 

«cUa hallak, yuhallik. 
Confront, v.a. J*tt qabal, yuqabil ; 

n. J*te taqabal, yataqabal. 
Confuse, v. (disorder) W/» harbat, 

yuharbit; <J*/- harbaq, yuhar- 

biq. — (perplex) j^ hayyar, yu- 

tayyir ; <jp* haza, yahzi ; <JJ*S\ 

adhai, yudhis\ 
Confusion, 8. ^WabJ -lahbata-t; 

£•■*. habsa-t ; Us^ ihtila* ; ^ 

bailala-t. — (perplexity) i-AAJ 

dahaia-t; v>U.*M indihas; S^. 

Confutation, *. JU*\ ib^al ; &-tfL* 

Confute, v. &+X <J& naqa4 kalam- 

hu, yanqud ; *Jji JM abial qaul- 

hu, yub^il. 
Congeal, v.a. *u*. jainniad, yu- 

jammid ; n. .*— *r tajammad, 

yatajammad ; ■ > » «r ^ injamad, 


****r tajmid ; *>W*\ injimad. 
Congenial, adj. y^W* mujanis. — 

(agreeable) Jj*A* maqbM; «-AjJ 

Congeniality, *. J~J^* mujana- 

sa-t; l*\p qaraba-t; £*V~J nasa- 

Congest, *. £*** jama', yajma'; 

^ lamm, yalumm ; ^ kawwam, 

Congestion, *. f*N £♦* lam* ad- 
dam; tW £;+*" majmtt' ahlat. 
Conglomerate, v. £♦* jama', yaj- 

ma ( ; rf kawwam, yukawwim. 
Conglomeration, s. f*£> takwim. 
Congratulate, v. ^y* hanna, yu- 

hanni ; cs3^W barak, yubarik. 
Congratulation, s. £**& tahniya-t 

(pi. J^ tahani). 
Congratulatory, adj. { j**~ mu- 

Congregate, v.a. g*+ jama*, yaj- 

ioa ( ; n. &J+\ ijtama, yajtami*. 
Congregation, s. &W jama'a-t; 

^a* » >» jain'iya-t ; gU-s^\ ijtima* ; 

£»»* majma' (pi. g^W« ma- 

Congress, 0. (^W* majlis (pi. 

^^ majalis) ; JW» mahfil 

(pi. J»W« ma^afil). 
Conic, adj. oS^* mahru^i-y. — 

(conic sections) va>\J»^ae» manrii- 

Conjectural, adj. ^-Wi qiyasi-y ; 

^5^ wahmi-y ; ^j-J^- hadsi-y. 
Conjecture, s. y-** & tahmin; 

p~f tawassum ; ^ty tawahhum ; 

^; rajm. 
Conjecture, v. yk zann, yagunn ; 

i3+± hamman, yuhammin; f+) 

rajam, yarjum ; p*f tawahham, 

Conjoin, v.a. J-»^ wassal, yuwassil ; 

e>) zawwaj, yuzawijj ; g - » ^ 

jama', yajma* ; ^ qaran, yaq- 

rin; n. J-»\ ittasal, yattasil ; 

£***^ ijtama', yajtami'; c)7-^\ 

iqtaran, yaqtarin. 


Digitized by 





Conjoint, adj. J— »*• muttasil; 

£*^V mujtami* ; J^s* in ut ta- 
Conjugal, adj. ^^j ziji-j ; <j*:j/ 

Conjugate, v. J*aN uy» sarraf al- 

fi'l, yusarrif . 
Conjugation, s. J**K «-^/-» tasrif 

Conjunct, adj. see Conjoint. 
Conjunction, *. (union) *>W\ itti- 

had; J^\ ittisal; &-\j* muwa- 

sala-t. — (in grammar) «-^L*M *J^ 

harf al-'atf (pi. *->#*• huruf). 
Conjuncture, b. JV^ £**-£ kaifi- 

ya-t al-ahwal ; J^ b»l (pi- J^ 

Conjuration, «. &•*)* 'azima-t (pi. 

^y* 'azayim) ; ,♦*)*> ta'zim. 
Conjure, v. {entreat earnestly) 

Al5l* &JLc r ^-i\ aqsam 'ale- hi bi-'l- 

lah-i, yuqsim. — (spirits, 'Ac.) ^ 

^ 'azzam 'ala, yu'azzim ; p~J*~\ 

istaqsam, yastaqsim. 
Conjurer, *. ^f 'azzam; ff* 

rau'azzim ; ;W* sahhar. 
Connect, v. J-j wassal, yuwasail ; 

0/ qaran, yaqrin, yaqrun. 
Connection, Connexion, *. JU?\ 

ittisal ; <£f*\ iqtiran ; V* } ribat. 

— (relationship) £*V qaraba-t. — 

(by marriage) o^U* musahara-t. 

— (business friends) gjy zabun 

(pi. e*V> zabayin). 
Connivance, s. <j**J\ u*ui\ lgmad 

al-'ain ; &-^Lw« musainaha-t ; 

&~A\y» muwalasa-t. 
Connive, v. J* u**^ agmatf 'ala ; 

^ ^a^ gammad 'an, yugammid. 
Connoisseur, s. /^* niahir (pi. 

lp» mahara-t) ; u^ 'arif (pi. 

u^j* 'awarif . 
Connubial, adj. see Conjugal. 
Conquer, v. h-^ galab, yaglib; 

jU faq, yaf uq ; /k zafar, yazfir. 
Conqueror, s. &\**f&\ #\ abu-'l- 

futilhat; tf^\ c* U f&ti t al- 

Conquest, s. 8*M galaba-t; ^ 

f ath ; /t gafar. 
Consanguineous, adj. s-st/ qarib. 

U lamma-t 
$alab li-1- 

Consanguinity, *. w-— * nasab; 

Aj\t* qaraba-t. 
Conscience, *. &••* zimma-t (pi. 

^S zimam); j++* 4amir (pi. 

jjU-a damayir). 
Conscientious, o«&'. **••* s "*7°^° 

sahib zimma-t (pi. v»W^ ashab). 
Conscientiousness, *. &•»* zim- 
Conscious, adj. ^\) wa'i; Jc o 6 ^ 

A-J* wa'i 'ala nafsi-hi. 
Consciousness, s. •**> rusd ; ^j 

w'ai ; fl* *ilm ; <j-o. hiss. 
Conscript, s. c*A" malmiim ; s^ 8 * 

ii j £~»to ma^lub li-l-'askariya-t. 
Conscription, «.^~ * * ~ 

'asakir ; k / »~*u w-N* 

Consecrate, v. ^j rasam, yarsum ; 

u-jlJ qaddas, yuqaddis; u-»^ 

karras, yukarris. 
Consecration, s. &*\~j rasaina-t; 

ft~Jj\ irtisam ; {j»t>*B taqdis. 
Consecutive, adj. v ^'" muta- 

'aqib; J~l~s* mutasalsil; J^» 

tali ; JUa* mutatali. 
Consecutivenebs, ». v*^*^^ i'tiqab. 
Consent, «. U^ rida ; J^t* qabul ; 

v»WJ ijab. 
Consent, v. v> o 2 ^ ra 4 a ^» yarda ; 

J-i qabil, yaqbal. 
Consequence, «. j*>V* sadir ; J*^- 

hasil ; a**^ 'aqiba-t (pi. s-**V 

'awaqib). — (importance) J** siql ; 

fj&fc 'uzm. 
Consequent, ad/. ^^* tabi' ; J^* 

tali ; { J*** mutatalli. 
Consequential, adj. p**" muta- 

kabbir ; ^As^ mutafahhir. 
Conservation, s. &\**> hifaza-t. 
Conservative, adj., s. k*^ b ft fiz ; 

)ti\^» muhafiz. 
Conservatory, s. (greenhouse) o^-i* 

mambat (pi. cw^« manabit) ; 

vs^--^ munabbit ; SUufc^ ma^tat. 
Conserve, s. £*» halu (pi. ^ ha- 

lawa) ; W/* murabba (pi. «wVjv» 

murabbat, wa>^^« murabbawat) ; 

jW; risar (pi. ^*^; rawasir). 
Conserve, v. (in sugar) <jtj rabba, 

yurabbi. — (in vinegar) J^ hal- 

Digitized by 





lal, yuhallil. — (keep in good con- 
dition) (;jt» san, y as fin ; W. 
hafiz, yahfaz ; J^ rasad, yar- 

Consider, t?. J*^ ta'ammal, ya- 
ta'ammal ; j&5 tafakkar, yata- 
fakkar ; j*£ tabassar, yatabassar. 

Considerable, adj. (Cj** 'azim; 
j**** mu'tabar; ^^i\ <j*,a~« 
musta^iqq al-i'tibar. 

Considerate, adj. jti^ ^ ^ s-*»A* 
sahib rai wa tadbir; ^ fatin 
(pi. ^Ll futn) ; JiU> «aqil (pi. 
&&e 'uqala, JVac 'uqqal). 

Consideratenbss, 8. &dak fi^na-t; 
&y~i basira-t; ±*>j rusM ; Jac 

Consideration, *. (thought) J**tt 
ta'ammul; ) < h > tafakkur. — 
(respect) (>\jl\ ikram; j\**e\ i'ti- 
bar ; v»*~-»- hisab. — (compensa- 
tion) f+\ ajr (pi. jy^ ujur, M 
aj** r ) 5 u*j* 'iwad (pi. u*V^ 
a* wad). 

Considering, prep, s— -*■ hasb; 
* 1 « "p . bi-basb. 

Consign, v. (transfer to) J^ haw- 
wal, yuhawwil ; ,>>y fawwad, yu- 
fawwid. — (intrust to) ^JL. sallam, 

Consignation, Conseignment, *. 
U**y* taf wid ; S\^ hawala-t. 

Consignee, *. J^ wakil. 

Consist, v. ^ s-^» tarakkab min, 
yatarakkab; ^ J***\ istamal 
'ala, yastamil. 

CONSISTENCY, a. (uniformity) &*i\y 
muwafaqa-t ; &}Ua* mutabaqa-t. 
— (stability) f\t* qiyam; *&>p* 
gubut.— (density) &Vtf kagafa-t. 

Consistent, adj. (composed of) 
J« J »gA * mustamil 'ala. — (710$ 
contradictory) &V*" mu^abiq ; 
t/tfU* ^t gair muuaqid. — (solid) 
> y +'<+ munjamid ; «-A^ kagif . 
Consolation, s. &*L~? tasliya-t; 
v ^— * tasalli ; hy* ta'ziya-t ; o^p*- 
jLlafctt jabran al-hatir. 
Consolatory, adj. <JL~* musalli; 

iSf* mu'azzi. 
Console, v. <Ju salla, y usalli ; t^f- 

'azza, yu'azzi; &*1* 7** jabar 

qalbahu, yajbur. 
Consolidate, v. ^jS qawwa, yu- 

qawi ; y5 kasgar, yukagsir ; £♦** 

jama', yajma'; jji qarrar, yu- 

qarrir ; {$>*• makkan, yumakkin. 
Consolidation, «. s****£S tasbit; 

(^*afctf tashin ; J tf takgif ; ji/? 

Consonance, a. v&>\j*!tt jjW\ ittifaq 

Consonant, adj. (agreeing) vJ*** 

muttafiq; <3*\j* muwafiq; OH^ 8 * 

Consonant, s. (letter) £«** «-*;•■ 

harf sahih. 
Consort, s. (companion) «jki> rafiq. 

(husband, wife) &fi zauj ; &^j 

zauja-t (pi. g^j\ azwaj). 
Consort, v. j*\* 'asar, yu'aslr ; UU. 

halat, yuhali^. 
Conspicuous,^ zahir; £-a\j 

Conspicuou8NESS, s. \yfr zuhur. — 

(celebrity) £&Jb>\ i^tihar. 
Conspiracy, s. ^JW- muhalafa-t; 

*-ti\e* tahaluf ; y^ tahamur. 
Conspire, t?. *-A3l^ Mlaf, yuhalif; 

uJftc* tahalaf, yatahalaf ; s-^«> 

ta'assab, yata'assab. 
Constable, 8. WU ^abit ; y*V 

qawwas; ^/i 6urta-t (pi. 1^ 

Constabulary, s. dj*J\ v >L-^o\ 

ashab ad-dark ; ^ ^ura^. 
Constancy, *. l*)\±+ mudawama-t ; 

j\j+z~\ istimrar; vsAy gabat. 
Constant, adj. «^V> sabit; +£*+ 

mudawim ; » , ^ V \j* muwagib ; 
j + a~" m\i8tammir. 
Constellation, s. j»yr &#* sura-t 

nujiim (pi. ;r o suwar).— (of the 
zodiac) sfl burj (pi. c^ buruj). 
Consternation, s. Zaj** dahaia-t ; 
^Lj^jj^ indiha^; I,-** hira-t, 
Constipate, v. J^i qabba^, ya- 
qabbid. — (be constipated) j±t&\ 
inqabacl, yanqabi<J. 
Constipation, *. u *l f &\ inqiba^; 
tP**N u^ti yubs al-batn. 

Digitized by 





Constituency, s. {$t&y$\ 
jami'a-t al-muwakkilin. 

Constituent, adj. ^U zati-y; 
j»yu muqawwim ; i J^\ asli-y ; 
^S„y 4uriiri-y. 

Constituent, *. (essential part) J-\ 
asl (pi. Jy\ U8M).— (who de- 
putes) ^y muwakkil. 

Constitute, v. f*yft aqam, yuqim ; 
s-— * na?ab, yan?ub ; <£** 'ayyaD, 

Constitution, s. (of the body or 
mind) dy mizaj (pi. &+y\ am- 
zija-t) ; &«1 Jabi'a-t (pi. &\ 
-at, gtWL tabayi*. — (peculiar cha- 
racter) &*~\± ha$§iya-t (pi. \f*S*± 
hasayis); ItAtf kaifiya-t. — (esta- 
blishment) s— * nasb ; (^— «** 
ta'yin. — (form of government) 
g>yj\ Sj*U qa*ida-t ai-sarayi'; 
& <U » N c^V qawanin al-mamla- 

Constitutional, a<f/. (inherent to 
the natural frame) ^U zati-y ; 
^Jlc\ a$li-y ; ey**-* mumtazij. — 

Constrain, v. *f\ alzam, yulzim ; 
^1* s~ofc gasab 'ala, yag?ib. 

Constraint, *. f>\£\ ilzam; s-*** 
gasb ; ;W\ ijbar ; j& qahr. 

Constrict, v. (bind) J^c 'aqad, 
ya'qud ; W> rabat, yarbuf. — (con- 
tract) uM qaba4, yaqbi<J. — 
(condense) y* qasar, yaq§ur. 

Constriction, *. •*** 'aqd; *>Va»\ 
i'tiqad ; (**> <Jamm. — (contraction) 
U**8 taqabbu^. 

Constringent, s. (medicine) \y 
Jt^S dawa qabid. 

Construct, v. (build) ^ bana, 
yabni ; y* 'ammar, yu'ammir. — 
(a ship) *• madd, yamudd. — 
(arrange) s-^ rattab, yurattib. 

Construction, *. (building) W 
bina' ; y+** ta'mir. — (arrange- 
ment) v-*>/ tartib; s^/ tar- 
kib. — (explanation) J*j°^ ta'wil. 

Construe, v. (explain) j~b fassar, 
yufassir ; c/> sarafe, yairalj. 

Consul, s. J**i qonsul (pi. J-»Ui 

Consulate, s. W-^i qonsuliya-t. 
Consult, v. ;jU sawar, yuiawir ; 

jyUS taiawar, yata&iwar ; ;L£a-\ 

ista£ar, yastaiir. 
Consultation, *. 5^Va*« musawa- 

Consume, v. (eat) JS^ akal, ya'kul. 

— (spend, waste) *U*\ ahlak, 

yuhlik ; s-*y saraf, yasrif ; (&-\ 

asqam, yusqim. 
Consumption, *. (use, spending) 

^iy sarf; &y harj. — (consump- 

tiveness) J~ sill ; J~ N W da* as- 

sill ; y. bahar. 
Consumptive, adj. J/— * maslM ; 

ytp^. bahir. 
Consummate, v. J+* kammal, yu- 

kammil; p+» tammam, yutam- 

Consummate, adj. J^^ kamil ; fV* 

tarn ; pUs tamam. 
Consummation, s. Je^J takmil ; 

pUs\ itmam. 
Contact, s. v~d lams; &~*3u» 

mulamasa-t ; <j~+ mass ; J^\ 

Contagion, s. ^a* 'adwa; Wj 

waba' ; ^2^ saraya-t. 
Contagious, adj. ^V- gari ; ^j*^ 

Contain, v. ^y hawa, yahwi ; 

4^ <- 5y^\ ihtawa 'ala, yaljtawi ; 

(;y^s tadamman, yatadamman ; 

^Ic J*sa\ iitamal 'ala, yastamil. 

— (abstain) <£* «*X— •* tamassak 

min, yatamassak. 
Contaminate, v. *a>^ lawwag, yu- 

lawwis ; ^--^ wassah, yuwassih ; 

{j~*i najja8, yunajjis. 
Contamination, s. &-V najasa-t; 

*i-s>^ talwis ; *±»^s talawwug. 
Contemn, v. /* haqqar, yuhaqqir ; 

yfc^\ ihtaqar, yahtaqir; j ftx? >\ 

istahqar, yastanqir ; q\a\ ahan, 

Contemplate, v. J^ 6 ^» ta'ammal, 

yata* animal ; gJVL ^ala', yutali 4 ; 

J* nazzar, yunazzir. — (design) 

Ju£ qa^ad, yaqsid ; *Wff taqassady 


Digitized by 



Contemplation, s. £*JVL* muta- 
la'a-t ; J*V> ta'animul. 

Contemplative, adj. J**U* muta- 
'ammil ; /**• mutafakkir ; s-^/* 

Contemporaneous, adj., Contem- 
porary, adj., 8. y^*+ mu'asir. — 
{contemporaries) q\+$\ Ja\ ahl 

Contempt, s. j \**±\ ihtiqar; <^y& 
hawari; &\*\ ihana-t. 

Contemptible, ad;. «fe*haqir; J*ij 
razil ; JJ3 zalil. 

Contemtibleness, 8. fl33 zalala-t; 
J^t ibtizal. 

Contemptuous, adj. £***• muhta- 

Contend, v. gjV* naza', yunazi'; 
t**^ hasam, yuhasim ; J *>W j ti- 
dal^ yujadil.— (vie) jAt gayar, 
yugayir; ^U? tagayar, yataga- 

Content, adj. ^y-v mabsu* ; <^*>\ 

Content, Contentment, 8. kL*^ 
imbisat ; Uj rida ; &eU* qana'a-t. 
— (contents) o^-a* macjniun. 

Content, v. ^ ratfda, yurad^i ; 
^)\ arda, yurdi ; £** qanna 4 , yu- 

Contention, s. Z*f*s» husuma-t ; 
i**^« muhasama-t ; &ejL* mu- 
naza'a-t; fl*>V» mujadala-t. — 
(emulation) Sj*k gaira-t ; ;>U? 
Contentious, adj. gjU* munazi'; 

^«tae» iuuhasim. 
Contest, v. £%a» hajjaj, yuhajjij ; 
J*>W jadal, yujadil; gjU naza', 
yunazi' ; ^>U. hasam, yuhasim. 
Contest, 8. &*y*s» husuma-t ; &cjU* 

Context, *. i^5 qarina-t; &* 

main (pi. ^j** mutun). 
Contexture, *. s-**9? tarkib ; ^U-i 
nisaja-t; fVL> nizam. 

CONTIGUITY, 8. J^ ittisal; &o%» 

mulasaqa-t ; j^sH iltisaq. 
Contiguous, adj. J*** muttaeil ; 
v5*sU multaaiq ; J*1U mulasiq. 



Continence, Continenct, «. Jub) 

zuhd ; &* 'iffat ; £# wara*. 
Continent, *. $ barr (pi. j^j 

Continent, adj. JJ*>\) zahid ; s-^v 

mujtanib ; »... w muhtami ; 

%)f+ Diutawarri*. 
Continental, adj. ^ barri-y. 


<j*^e 'arid (pi. jbj\y* 'awari^) ; 

#*>Va. hadisa-t (pi. s±>S\f* ^awa- 

Contingent, adj. ^te 'arid ; o^ 

'aridi-y ; <j«fc gaibiyy. 
Contingent, s. (quota) s-^ nasib 
(pi. W-M ansiba', &**»\ ansiba-t) ; 

&*■ hissa-t (pi. (ja-B. hisae). 
Continual, Continuous, adj. ^>U 

dayim ; p\±+ mudam. 
Continuance, Continuation, 8. 

&»jW mudawama-t; ^j da warn; 

^^♦jl^ istimrar ; &*M^» muwaza- 

Continue, v.n. fi* dam, yadum; 

^ j^W dawam 'ala, yudawim; 

Jy ^ lam yazal (with participle 

or aorist) ; ^ s-*Mj wagab *ala, 

Continuity, *. j\*A\ iltisaq ; JU»\ 

Contort, v. ^ lawwa, yulawwi ; 

e^c 'awwaj, yu'awwij. 
Contortion, s. g>* 'awaj,. 'iwaj ; 

eW^\ i'wijaj ; ^\fti\ in'iwaj. 
Contour, s. fyU dayira-t; ^JJ 

Contraband, 8. «t>UyL^» mam- 

nu'at ; ^^ AcU> bada'at muh- 

Contract, 8. J*c 'aqd (pi. oy^ 

*uqud) ; !>/• sart (pi. ^ Surfy). 

— (in writing) v»«^ ftitab (pi. 

s^ kutub) ; **o. hujjat (pi. 

G^^ hujaj. 
Contract, v. (draw closer together) 

f**> 4amm, yadumm; o^ 4ay- 

yaq, yudayyiq. — (wrinkle), a. 

(jM qabbad, yuqabbi^; u^ 

qallas, yuqallis ; n. J^Si\ inqaba^, 

yanqabicj; ^j&s taqallas, yata- 

qallas. — (contract debts) ^JJ ta- 

Digitized by 





day y an, yatadayyan. — (enter into 

a contract) Ly* J** <amil surut, 

y'amal ; \J* J^^ ta'ahad 'ala, 

Contractedness, 8. <jola» taqallus ; 

^ taqabbud. 
Contraction, *. u*-*j> qab<JL — 

(abridgment) J^sdA ihtisar. 
Contractor, *. ****• muta'ahhid ; 

y\** mu'amir; j^» mubasir. 
Contradict, v. *>*>^-* dadad, yu<Ja- 

did ; <J&* naqad, vunaqicj. 
Contradiction, s. h&±* munaqa- 

da-t ; &J^* muhalafa-t. 
Contradictory, adj. .x>Ux* muta- 

dadid ; u**^** mutanaqicjL 
Contrariety, 8. &5W« muhalafa-t; 

i_*iV^ tahalluf ; SoU* mudadda-t. 

— (adversity) j^\ idbar; &«-* 

musiba-t (pi. s-a^ musayib) ; 

Sja £idda-t. 
Contrary, adj. u&\&* muhalif; 

jjIa* mudadid. 
Contrary, «. J^ <Judd ; U**. hilaf ; 

ifSe. 'aks. 
Contrast, «. &*U* niuqabala-t; 

s_iteA ihtilaf. 
Contrast, v. J*Vs qabal, yuqabil. 
Contravene, v. <£*** ta'adda, yata- 

4 adda ; *-<^ halaf , yuhalif . 
Contravention, *. ©>V*-tt <>$*** 

ta'addi as-sarayi'; &1U* muha- 

Contribute, v. £*•> dafa 4 , yadfa* ; 

JAi f alaz, yafliz ; J* ^ 'awan 

'ala, yu'awin. 
Contribution, s. •>**-* madad ; qj* 

'aun; M± filza-t; *\* bidad, 

Contributor, *. •u-* mumidd. 
Contrite, adj. «-A~U* muta'assif ; 

pj\i nadim (pi. ^^ nuddam, 

nidani) ; ^J* nadinan (pi. ^^ 

Contrition, s. «-A-V? ta'assuf ; &»W 

nadaina-t ; ^ nadam. 
Contrivance, 8. (invention) £\<*\ 

ibda'; *W$ ijad ; £^*M ihtira'. 

— (scheme) J^5 qasd ; 4* niya-t. 
Contrive, v. (invent) £^ abda', 

yubdi* ; a^\ aujad, yujid ; £/*! 

ihtara', yahtari' ; Q&*\ istana', 

yastani*. — (jp^aw) J* WV tariU 

bat 'ala, yatarabat ; j*> dabbar, 

yudabbir ; j**>\ acinar, yudmir. 
Control, v. (check) W-* dabat, 

yudbi* ; £*» qama', yaqma' ; J»Vi 

qabal, yuqabil. 
Control, 8. &*to* muqabala-t ; W* 

Controller, ». J*V&* muqabil ; 

!*U (Jabi*. 
Controversialist, *. t^a-W* mu- 

Controversy, 8. &&-W* mubaha- 

ga-t ; &*>W* mujadala-t ; S^U* 

Controvert, v. *£•**: bah as, yab- 

has ; *±*»\* baha§, yubahis ; J*>W 

jadal, yujadil. 
Contumacious, adj. <-&{s*+ muha- 


•u Vm 

*anid (pL 

Joe *unud) ; JJ^** mu^nid). 
Contumacy, «. (jj^-c 'isyan ; &JVafc* 

muhalafa-t ; ^>Vifi 'inad ; *y> ta- 

Contumelious, adj. (insolent) M— 

safih (pi. V- sufaha'); ^V* 

fadih; ^ waqih (pi. c^j wiqa^). 

— (haughtily reproachful) /; ■ » *— 

Contumely, *. ^Vc 'ar ; ^->-i* f adi- 

Contuse, v. ^/Wj raddad, yurad^id ; 

yj>y*j ra^rad, yuradrid. 
Contusion, s. &*j radda-t; ^ 

rad4 ; *•»*> dai^a-t. - 
Conundrum, *. W» naqt (pi. ^\&\ 

anqaO; ^^ nukta-t (pi. <**& 

Convalescence, f . ^ buru' ; iftV» 

naqaha-t ; &a> naqh. 
Convalescent, cui;. *3^ naqih (pi. 

A« nuqqah) ; M> naqih ; ^ ? - fc ^ 

mu^tafi ; <J»\/&\ {$* ^ qayini 

min al-fira^. 
Convene, v.a. £♦* jama', yajma* ; 

n. £***\ ijtama', yajtami*. 
Convenience, Conveniency, #. 

l*Ju* munasaba-t; ^>^ liyaqa-t; 

&&\y» muwafaqa-t. 
Convenient, adj. &$ layiq ; s-^^ 


Digitized by 





wajib ; s-^-lfc* munasib ; \3*\y 

Convent, s. £* dair (pi. S^a du- 

yura-t, S^^ adyira-t). 
Convention, a. (assembly) &W 

jama'a-t ; gUa^ ijtima' ; <j~l^ 

majlis (pi. ^W* majalis). — 

(agreement) •*$* 'ahd (pi. «Jj$e 

'ubud) ; j\iS\ ittifaq. 
Conventional, adj. (customary) 

*A- t . « * mu'tM; j-i^* sayir. — 

(tacitly understood) )&• muqad- 
• dar. 
Conventionalism, s. SjU 'ada-t 

(pi. J*\)* 'awayid;. 
Converge, v. <jw\ iltaqa, yaltaqi ; 

s->jto taqarab, yataqarab. 
Conveeoence, *. **A/S\ iqtirab ; 

v»;^» taqarub. 
Convergent, adj. s^Uu* mutaqa- 

Conversant, adj. *-Afy waqif (pi. 

s-Mj wuqftf) ; ^» mut^aW ; 

yfcU mahir. 
Conversation, *. £*k^« muhata- 

ba-t ; &oV^» mubada§a-t ; ^ 

kalam; 6^W« muhakat; &*&*%• 

Converse, v. *±>o\e. hadas, yubadis ; 

« *»> rd t tahaddas, yutahaddas ; 

s±>s\cJ tahadas, yu tahadas ; f&3 

takallam, yatakallam. 
Conversion, s. s-^» taqallub; 

fiV^u.\ istihfila-t. — (in a religious 

sense) **f tauba-t ; c>U*^ J\ £j^ 

rujfi' ila-'l-iman. 
Convert, v. (change) s-*li qalab, 

yaqlib; J^ ahal, yuhil. — (in a 

religious sense) *>; radd, yarudd ; 

£►; rajja', yurajji*. 
Convert, s. J*s^ dahil ; J\ g*\> 

^jUjS^ raji' ila-'l-iman. 
Convertibility, *.^*AsN ^Uqabi- 

liya-t at-tagayyur. 
Convertible, adj. ^*sj yatagay- 

Convex, adj. v>.w« muhaddab; 

<t-~ & « muqabbab. 
Convexity, s. &*** hadaba-t ; *r-***> 

Convey, v. J» naqal, yanqul ; JiV* 

naqal, yunaqil ; £l* ballag, yu- 

Conveyance, s. (act of conveying) 

J* naql; £*M tablig. — (means 

of conveying) w*y markab (pi. 

s-fy« marakib). 
Convict, v. Jc c^*> sabbat 'ala, 

yusabbit; { J& c^*ft asbat 'ala, 

Convict, s. ffi* mulzam. 
Conviction, s. (of a crime) «yl*>\ 

pj-*2\ isbat aj-jarm. — (firm 

belief) <JM*W ta?diq ; jfefc** tah- 


Convince, v. £*** aqna', yuqni' ; 

«jfe* haqqaq, yuhaqqiq. 
Convivial, adj. m*> nadim (pi. 

Ujj nudamiV, ^aJ nidam, (jjUaJ 

nudman) ; pou* munadim. 
Conviviality, 0. &**>U* munada- 

Convocation, «. £U*^ ijtima'; 

(jJ^k* majlis (pi. J-5 V* majalis) ; 

Q\jt<y diwan (pi. &£)*> dawawin). 
Convoke, v. gUa^^M amar bi-'l- 

ijtima', ya'mur. 
Convoy, v. /* gaffar, yugaffir ; ^ 

haffar, yuhaffir. 
Convoy, s. /* gafar ; J± hafar ; 

Sbks. hafaga-t. 
Convulse, v. «-A^ rajjaf, yurajjif ; 

fy) za'za', yuza'zi*. 
Convulsion, 8. \y&\ iltiwa' ; ^^S 

talawwi ; S^«5 laqwa-t ; &*** ta- 

Cook, v. ^» t a bab, yatbuh. 
Cook, s. t^ tabbah. 
Cookery, s. £*!» tabh. 
Cool, adj. ^ barid. 
Cool, v. a. ^ barrad, yubarrid ; n. 

tytS tabarrad, yatabarrad. 
Coolness, 8. Sj^ burAda-t. 
Coop, s. (cage) <jaA* qafas (pi. \j>\*3\ 

aqfas) ; & qunn (pi. t)Ui qimin). 

— (cask) J#^» barmil (pi. J**\^ 

Coop, v. J&* qaffas, yuqaffis. 
Cooper, s. o^*V baramili-y; s-»W* 

Cooperage, s. J>\z£\ J*** mi*mal 


Digitized by 





Co-operate, v. J*U sa'ad, yusa'id. 

Co-OPERATION, 8. $JkfiL~* mUSH- 


Co-ORDINATE, adj. &t?j«tt J*** 

masil al-martaba-t. 
Co-partner, s. «*^;* sarik (pi. 

d\j*\ airak, tf/> 6uraka'). 
Co-partnership, Co-partnery, 8. 

&V» 6iraka-t. 
Cope, v. {j^* maras, yumaris ; 

^cL. sa'a, yasa'i; j;W* tabaraz, 

Copious, adj. JjA^ jazil; ^" 

kasir ; jl\y wafir. 
Copiousness, *. ij£ ka§ra-t ; ^-j 

ruhs ; U. ; raha*. 
Copper, a. <j*Vp=* nuhas. 
Copperas, «. ;-*U s\} zaj ahdar. 
Coppersmith, *. <j*W na^ljas. 
Coppice, Copse, «. *J*y feir^ (pi. 

v>V^ ahr*U) ; &*j dagla-t. 
Copula, s. &*\> rabita-t. 
Copulate, v.a. g^j zawwaj, yuzaw- 

wij ; y&* 'as^ar, yu'ai&r ; n. $tf 

tazawwaj, yatazawwaj ; &y*)\ 

izdawaj, yazdawij ; j£*> ta'a^ar, 

Copulation, 8. a**^* mujama'a-t; 

g*^y tazwij. 
Copy, 8. &3&~s nusha-t; %y sura-t 

(pl.jr B ? uwar )- 
Copy, v. ts^y ±*\ ahaz surathu, 

ya'huz ; £-~* nasah, yansah ; J** 

naqal, yanqul. 
Copyist, 8. £-U nasih (pi. fcL-i 

nussah) ; j\)j warraq ; s-^^ 

katib (pi. s-»^ kuttab, &+& ka- 

Coquet, v. g± ganij, yagnaj ; &*s 

tagannaj, yatagannaj ; Ji^> ta- 

dallal, yatadallal. 
Coquetry, *. &± gunj, gunuj ; 

gUfc gunaj. 
Coquette, s. &+j& ganij a-t. 
Coquettish, adj. £** ganij. 
Coral, 8. &\*y marjaa; ±~i bus- 

saz ; *x~i busd. 
Cord, 8. J-** habl (pi. JW*- hibal) ; 

&~f uiarasa-t (pi. v*y maras, 

\j\y\ ainriis). 
Cordial, adj. (sincere) fjt^ qal- 

bi-y ; <J* safi-y. — (invigorating) 

<£)&• muqawwi. 
Cordial, 8. h^ muqawwiya-t. 
Cordiality, *. &\ xo sadaqai-t ; \j>}** 

Cord-maker, *. J^ habbal. 
Cord wain, *. oW***-* suhtiyan ; 

ijy ^awara-t (pi. jj»> huwar, g\)j»> 

Core, *. «^-i* qalb (pi. vj 1 * qulub) ; 

(**+* samim. 
Cork, 8. ^jji fillin ; &U*. haffana-t. 

— (stopper) &«U fillina-t; So\a- 

sidada-t (pi. a^ju. sadayid). 
Cork, v. a- sadd, yasudd. 
Corkscrew, *. &*^ barma-t; **ty 

ban ma- 1. 
Cormorant, s. J^yu\ asfarud ; jVJ 

U3\ qaq al-ma'. 
Corn, 8. (grains) ^-m qaroh ; vj*°- 

hubub. — (a single grain) £*•• 

habba-t. — (on the foot) j~* 

'usiiw; JUj dumal; y-Wj du- 

Cornea, «. ( I ^«J\ &eJ^s qarniya-t al- 

Corner, 8. h£) zawiya-t (pi. k^fi 

zawaya) ; X*y» qurna-t (p.!. ^y 

Corner-stone, *. tyfl f**- hajar 

az-zawiya-t; ^ rukn (pi. ^^ 

Cornice, s. \ij*\ ifriz ; uij raff (pi. 

uy ; rufuf). 
Corn-merchant, s. s-»j*4^ £Wi 

bayya 4 al-hubiib ; ^U fami-y. 
Corolla, s. p$ kimm (pi. ^U^\ 

Corollary, s. S^ip qarina-t (pi. 

&\/ qarayin) ; Z**si natija-t 

(pi. gi^si natayij) ; A«*V? tabi'a-t 

(pi. C?V tawabi*). 
Corona, «. (halo) &&** halqa-t. 
Coronal, Coronet, *. J-l^ iklil 

(pi. J*W akalil); 6 W taj (pi. 

aW tijan). 
Coronation, *. ^^t julus ; JJ^ 

taklil ; $fS tatawwuj. 
Corporal, adj. ^^^ jasadi-y ; 

jU-^ jismani-y. 

Digitized by 



Cobpobal, 8. ^ q*\ on basi 

Corporate, adj. £*q** mujamma'. 
Corporation, *. JcW jama'a-t. 
Corporeal, adj. ^U~s»» jismani-y. 
Corps, *. iUc ty firqa-t 'asakir 

(pi. jji firaq). 
Corpse, s. <a**~ mayyit (pi. *aAy\ 

amwa£); ii+ ju^a-t (pi. v±^* 

ju^as); SjL^ janaza-t (pi. j*W 

Corpulence, a. ,**»** £ a hm ; £*W 

Corpulent, b. f^A Sahim; 




Corpuscle, s. S.J zarra-t (pi. &\ 
-at, jS zarr) ; W*> haba' (pi. W*rt 
Correct, v. (amend) &** ?ahhah, 
yufahhih ; ^JU 9 allah, yu§allih.— 
(punish) s-sVc 'aqab, yu'aqib ; 
ufl*V5 qa?a?, yuqa§is. 
Correct, adj. £**** §ahih, t«-A- 

Correction, *. (emendation) C JU 
ta§li^ ; c^ i?lah; &*** tashih. 
—(punishment) ^-o-S qi 9 a? ; 
&*->to* muqa^af a-t ; Sjlac <uqa- 
ba-t ; vte* 'iqab. 
Correctness, *. ^-» sahhat; !q«-* 

Corrector, 8. £***• musafchih; 

£*-*• muaalli^. 
Correlative, adj., 8. ^y~±+ man- 

sub ; £^ raji* (pi. ^ ruja<). 
Correspond, v. (suit) U&\ y waqaf, 
yuwaqif ; ,j*U» #baq, yutabiq.— 
(by letter) ^S\S katab, yukatib ; 
v^U? takatab, yatakatab; J~y 
tarasal, yatarasal. 
Correspondence, s. (suitableness) 
&**\y» muwafaqa-t; &*Ua* muta- 
baqa-t.— (by letter) £*?K- muka- 
taba-t ; &J\f murasala-t. 
Correspondent, s. s-^V£* muka- 


Correspondent, adj. Ji^ muwa- 

fiq ; v^U# munasib ; «jfe3 layiq. 

Corridor, b. ^yu* mamsa (pi. 

<^*U* mamasi) ; vjUo dihliz (pi. 

jelWo dahaliz) ; jv« majaz. 

Corroborate, t;. ^^B qawwa, yu- 
qawwi; »3JA saddad, yusaddid; 
rf qarrar, yuqarrir. 

Corroboration, 8. hjB taqwiya-t ; 
*i±*3 taidid ; j>/S taqrir. 

CORROBOBATIVE, adj., 8. i£^" mu- 

Cobbode, v. JH akal, ya'kul ; ^ 

qarad, yaqrid. 
Cobbosion, *. jp qar<J; uy- saraf. 
Cobbosive, adj. ^U qari<J ; $S\ 

akkal ; u^U sarif . 
Cobbuqate, v. (jj-Afc ga<jldan, yu- 

gatjdin; u**»/ karmai, yukarmis^ 

COBBUGATION, *. (;)*<4*> tAgdin ; 

&ft-^ karmasa-t. 
Cobbupt, v. juJ* afsad, yufsid; 
C^ ansah, yunSifc.— (bribe) Ji^ 
bar^al, yubartil; ^o dahan, 
yadhun ; U.^ rasa, yarsu. 
Cobbuption, Cobbuptness, *. *3U-i 

fasad.— (bribery) AlL^ bai^ala-t. 
Cobsaib, *. s-^/« ^/* darrab ma- 
rakib (pi. lj\j* <Jarraba-t) ; 1.U5 
qai4at (pi. &Ui qas^a^a-t) ; l^ 
zabantut ; (j-^ qarsan (pi. yAji 
Cosset, 8. &£** sudairi-y; ^j 

Cobteoe, *. w*y maukib (pi. 

w*\y mawakib) ; &*S; wakba-t. 
Cobuscatb, v. g^J lama', yalma* ; 
C^ lamah, yalmah ; «-*j zaff, 
Cobuscation, 8. ^*J lam'a-t ; £*J 

Cosine, *. ^ sahm (pi. p\Q~ 

Cosmetic, *. {$**&* muhassin. 
Cosmic, Cosmicai,, adj. ^y^*y dun- 

Cost, */&tf kulfa-t ; ^)f» ma? ruf 

(pi. 4-A^U^ ma^arif). 
Cost, v. v_A5j waqaf, yaqif ; ^Ux-^ 
islaqam, yastaqiui; <JAS kallaf, 
yukallif ; Utes takallaf, yatakal- 
Costive, adj. ^ > a ** maqbu^ 

u~«** mutayabbis. 
Costiveness, a. ^W^ inqiba<J 
V^\ u~& yubs al-batn. 


Digitized by 




Costliness, s. gUft isman. 
Costly, adj. &t+* samin ; (j-^» 

mugman ; <j**6* nafis ; /-Vi fahir. 
Costume, *. trJ labs (pi. ^^ 

lubus) ; (+~ £ kasm. 
Cot, Cottage, b. tf kuh (pi. t^ 

akwah, ^s^ kihan) ; Ja*. huss 

(pi. ^Ud.^ ahsas). — {cot, cradle) 

»*e* mahd (pi. <*#* muhud). 
Cote, a. (pen) <j*tf qafas (pi. «jpUA 

Cotton, *. ^ qoton. — (stuff) &*&& 


C0TTON-DRE88ER, 8. $k- hallaj. 

Couch, *. ^A»y firas (pi. JV * uni £> 
^fy* funis) ; ^^- sarir (pi. 8^ 
asirrat, w- surur) ; »>V mihad 
(pi. 8^ramhida-t, »*e* muhud). 

Couoh, v. cf ka^h, yakuhh ; J«- 
sa'al, yas'ul. 

Cough, s. *-** ka^ha-t; *-U- 
sa'ala-t ; JU^ nahma-t. 

Coulter, *. s±>\f*A\ *£- sikka-t al- 
mihra? (pi. «siX- sikak). 

Council, *. ^^*> diwan (pi. yifo* 
dawawin) ; trW* majlis (pi. 
cr^W* majalis) ; &*»> hufla-t ; 
fMA\ ilti'am. 

Councillor, s. ^*&*» mu6ir ; jUa— * 
mustaiar (pi. m^jN J^ an l ad- 
diwan ; ^^ ». m s-»^ arbab al- 
ma j lis). 

Counsel, a. (advice) ^ £aur ; S^ 
saura-t (pi. ,^\ aiwar) ; l )y s^» 
maiwara-t ; & -*t?* nasilta-t (pi. 
&S*i nasayilj). — (advocate) j)rtj 
wakil (pi. X) wukala'); J*U. 

Counsel, v. <Je J* sar 'ala, yaftir ; 
C** nasa^, yan?ah. 

Count, v. j* 'add, ya'idd; ^-^ 
tasa, yahsi ; s » fcasab, yahsab. 

Count, a. (counting) vA~^ hisab. — 
(<t«e) c^/ kont (-Fr.). 

Countenance, a. (/ace) tf*j wajh 
(pi. »^ wujuh) ; j^ manzar 
(pi. ^ku* munazir). — (patronage) 
^W ljimaya-t ; fyWt ijara-t. 

Countenance, v. jW\ ajar, yujir; 
^s*^ hama, yuhami. 

Counter, 8. (board) ***** tabt (pi. 

«^** tnhiit) ; ^a* tahtaj (pi. 

^k tabatij). 
Counter, adv. -A-aJW bi-'d-dudd ; 

U>U- hilaf ; u-5^4 bi-'l-'ak's. 
Counteract, v. UtfU halaf, yu- 

halif; J*f*\ i'tarad, ya'tarid; 

u-Sle *akas, yu'akis ; Jj* 'addal, 

Counterbalance, t;. J*>^ 'adal, 

yu'adil ; f^Vi qawam, yuqawim. 
Counterbalance, 8. fl^U* mu- 

Counterfeit, v. w> zawwar, yu- 

zawwir; Jto qallad, yuqallid ; 

^t ga&, yagu&; Jfcj zagal, 

Counterfeit, 8. (imposture) <J& 

gis^ ; &W*- hiyana-t. — (impostor) 

J&Lk gassas ; j^ muzawwir ; 

J*^y» muzaugil. 
Counterfeit, od;. j^y* muzawwar. 
Counterfoil, «. W* 4ab|; &k\*+ 

Countermand, v. J^JW y\ amar 

bi-'d-dudd, yamur. 
Countermand, *. JuftJ^^»\ amr bi- 

'd-^udd (pi. y\$ awamir). 
Countermarch, v. ^jU *>Vc *ad 

sayir, ya'ud. 
Countermarch, 8. £vt) ruju*. 
Countermine, 8. (*% a-a ^ Jugm 

dudd lugm (pi. ^ lugum, &•;*! 

Countermine, v. ^J j^ ^ J^x 

'amil lugm dudd lugm, ya'mal. 
Counterpane, 8. «-*0 lihaf (pi. 

UUJ lu^uf). 
Counterpart, «. iljUu muqabala-t. 
Counterpoint, *. ^J lahn (pi. 

0jj luhun, ^VJ\ alhan). 
Counterpoise, «. ^j^ muwazi- 

Counterpoise, v. Jj* 'addal, yu- 
Countersign, v. ^»\ am(Ja, yum- 

Countersign, *. U»\ im<Ja\ 
Countless, aaj. Jk«i 3 la yu'add; 

^f** 3 la yuhoa. 
Country, 8. (state) ^ balad (pi. 

.*» bUad, ^jJ4 buldan); *Su 

Digitized by 





mulk (pi. d%*\ amlak); &2U* 
mamlaka-t (pi. ««UU* mamalik). 
— (tiative country) y^y wa{an (pi. 
CjVL^ autib); ^V» v/^ ar<jl milad 
(pi. oy*)\ ardun, «^UjV aradat, 
Jt>\$ arad, o*l^ aradi).— -{apposed 
to town) **** dai'a-t. 

COUNTBYMAN, &. (rustic) C^* fal- 

lah. — (compatriot) ^^ baladi-y. 

County, *. *& Jj wilaya-t. 

Couple, *. c^j zauj, zoj (pi. e^ 
azwaj). — (married couple) 8^)Jt 

Couple, v. gjj zawwaj, yuzawwij. 

Couplet, *. •-&*** bait (pi. t&>l*tt 

Courage, a. wUtt Sji quwwa-t al- 
qalb; <j*W bas ; M^ saja'a-t; 
SI;* jara'a-t ; SjL-^ jasara-t. 

Courageous, od;. £W* 6aja' ; «jjj* 
jari* ; ;j— ► jasur. 

Courier, a. jjfcL. ga'i (pi. ct>U- 
su'at) ; A-ij-* barid (pi. Jy-i 

Course, *. (race) jW~ sibaq ; &*L** 
musabaqa-t; «-*yfc £araf. — (race- 
ground) q\*** uiaidan (pi. ^ftAf* 
mayadin). — (way of life, conduct) 
J*-l- sabil (pi. J*- subul). — (at 
table) s^UUU\ Q* badla-t at- 

Coubse, v. «J*^- sabaq, yusabiq. — 
(hunt) »3to gad, yafid; { j*& 
qanas, yaqnis. 

Coubseb, a. S\f* jawad (pi. ^W 

Coubt, 8. (yard), \J»^ l?aus, ljos* 
(pi. (jjti^ hUan); &*U gaha-t 
(pi. «w\ -at, c^- sab, Cj~ sub); 
&^° sahn (pi. e^* suhun) ; U* 
fina (pi. ***tf afniya-t, ^ 
funi-y). — (palace) <^j- saray ; 
^•i qa?r (pi. j^i qusur). — (retinue 
of a prince) pA** hasam. — (court 
of justice) 3 « W » ma^kama-t. 

Coubt, r. (flatter) «-AW la{af, yu- 
latif ; <jU mallaq, yumaliiq ; Jjte 
gazal, yugazil; J^**» tasandal, 
yatasandal. — (solicit) s-^» talab, 
yajlub. — (woo) s^*- ha{ab, yah- 

Coubteou8, adj. sri*\ adib ; g»us* 

mutamaddin ; *-A*W latff. 
Coubteousnes8, Courtliness, 
Coubtesy, s. s*^ adab; &L1U 
mulatafa-t ; S\>W mudara'at. 
Coubtesan, *. &+*? qa^aba-t (pi. 
v»^»* qihab) ; J*Mj zafiya-t (pi. 
«jMj) zawatf). 
Coubtieb, s. «*U+!\ (^r-J^ jalis al- 
malik (pi. U-W julusa') ; s-»W fj^ 
^VULJ^ mulazim bab as-sultan. 
Coubtship, 8. W*- hutba-t. 
Cousin, s. m. ** (^ ibn 'amm ; 
flU. ^ ibn hala-t (pi. ^ bani) ; 
f . ^ «^ bint 'amm ; ^JU. «^o# 
bint hala-t (pi. «t>W banat). 
Cove, *. yp> jun ; ^y»- juna-t ; 
esJLs- hali] (pi. gi* huluj, yW^- 
Covenant, s. ^\ ittifaq ; SoaU^ 
mu'ahada-t; a-^c c ahd; j^» 
misaq (pi. <J*\y mawasiq). 
Covenant, v. ty* iarat, yu^arit ; 
•xec 'ahid, ya'had ; <3*^ wasaq, 
Coveb, «. (covering) Vlafe gtya (pi. 
Wafc^ agtiya-t). — (shelter) ^iU 
timayat. — ( pretext) &e 'illa-t 
(pi. Jlc <ilal; i^ l^ujja-t (pi. 
g%^ hujaj). 
Coveb, v. J* gatta, yuga«i; r~ 
satar, yastur. — (conceal) *** 
haf a, yahfi ; p£ katam, yaktum. 
— (shelter) imS **- hama, yahmi. — 
(copulate) t^° tat> yatuh ; j|^> 
taraq, yatruq; v»^ darab, ya4- 
Coveblet, 8. «-*VJ lihaf (pi. <JW 

Covert, adj. f>f&* maktum. 
Covebt, *. (thicket) **M aik. — 
(hiding-place) {J t^ m mahba (pi. 
^Va^ mahabi). 
Covey, a. &~A* faqsa-t. 
Cow, «. 8y^ baqara-t, baqra-t. 
Cow, v. «-*j*- hawwaf, yuhawwif ; 
f)A fazza', yufazzi* ; y#t jabban, 
Cowabd, 8., adj. oW jaban ; ^W%- 
jabnan; f>-*& la'im (pi. ^VsJ 

Digitized by 





li'am, ^V lu'ama) ; &+\J5 tifra- 
Cowardice, Cowardliness, *. 

&\**» jabana-t. 
Cower, v. ff) raka', yarka*. 
Cowl, *. s-*V^ ^Z §°b ar-rahib 

(pi. s-»V^ a §wab); (*£-\ iskim. 
Coxcomb, «. jy*** gandur. 
Coy, adj. (+****?• muhtaiim. 
Coyness, *. fa waqar ; &* 'iffa-t ; 

i<*. taya')- 
Crab, s. o^-/» sar^an. 
Crack, s. <J* 6aqq; &* 6aqqa-t 

(pi. jj** Suqiiq) ; v3^ falaq (pi. 

jjl* ful&q). 
Crack, v.a. «J* Saqq, yaiuqq ; v3^ 

falaq, yafliq. — (as the fingers, a 

whip, &c.) g«* faqa', yafqa', yaf- 

qu'; n. &s*\ insaqq, yansaqq. 
Cradle, s. ***• mahd (pi. *#• mil- 
Cradle, t?. ybjfc bazhaz, yuhazhiz ; 

C+j+ marjan, yumarjih. 
Crapt, s. (skill) ***-» sana'a-t (pi. 

ffS^o sanayi') ; &y* hirfa-t (pl. 

«-*^ hiraf). — (fraud) j&* makr ; 

Craptine8S, s. £+ makr; hj£* 

Crafty, adj. jV&» makkar. 
Crag, s. f*~ sahr ; if** sahra-t (pi. 

jf** suhfcr). 
C ragged, Craggy, adj. ft*** nius- 

Cram, v. *-**• ha£a, yah^il. 
Cramp, s. s-*** \y&\ iltiwa 'asab. — 

(hook) *t>X kullab (pi. s^JK 

Cramp, v. (confine) (3*-* <Jayyaq, 

yudayyiq ; f& qas^ar, yuqaasir. 
Crane, s. (bird) <J>\)Z \) wazz *ira- 

qi-y ; Jf ^irki ( P l. j\f ka- 

raki). — (machine) <j**>** man- 

Crank, 8. <jjU milwa (pl. ^^» 

Cranny, s. <jm» iaqq (pl. jywi 

Crape, *. <J*y buranjuq (Turk.) ; 

^/ kiri&Ut. 
Crash, a. ^* qarqa'a-t ; <J^ J> 1 1 • 

Crash, v. f&p qarqa', yuqarqi* ; «> 

Jaqq, yaiuqq; J?) zaqzaq, yu- 

Crater, 8. jV» J*^N ^ fumm al- 

jabal nar (pl. *\y*\ afwah, f!ui\ 

Cravat, s. l£}\ &*j** mihrama-t 

ar - raqaba-t (pl. fj^=" maba- 

Crave, v. j^ i£taq, yaitaq (J\ 

Craven, «., adj. J& nazil; Ji^J 

Craving, 8. jW*^ i^tiyaq ; j)*> 

Sauq, 6oq ; (&£ garain. 
Crawl, v. v>° dabb, yadubb ; «-A*j 

zahaf, yazhaf. 
Crayon, *. lP^*j ^ qalam ra$as 

(pl. pb*\ aqlam, ffci qilam) ; ^y 

mirqam (pl. f*\y+ maraqim). 
Craze, v. tr* jannan, yujannin. 
Craziness, *. of+> jun&n. 
Crazy, adj. *r*^«^ majzftb ; *J>fA* 

maltu^ ; 0j^%* majniin. 
Creak, v. 3»& taqtaq, yutaq^iq. 
Cream, *. S^ ragwa-t; Sj^ zub- 

da-t; ^»Ai qa$ta-t; ^j^j qaj. 

maq (Tf*rA;.). 
Creamy, auj. c5^j zubdi-y. 
Crease, s. <£}*• matwa (pl. ^VL* 

Crease, v. ^£> tawa, yajwi; ^ 

sana, yasni ; ***■ ja u ad, yuja"id. 
Create, v. <ji± halaq, yahluq ; \f 

bar'a, yabr'a. 
Creation, *. ^^- hilqa-t; <jk» 

halq ; ^^» takwin. 
Creator, s. j^ hallaq; <jJ\^ 

haliq ; ^^W bari. 
Creature, *. j^£-» mahlAq ; &uU. 

haliqa-t (pl. «34^- halayiq; l^f 

barriya-t (pl. \&\f baraya). 
Credence, *. a*> siqa-t ; 4\tec\ i«ti- 

Credentials, s. *u- sanad (pl. 

jU-\ asnad). 
Credibility, s. j^a-b? ta?diq. 
Credible, adj. *>U*cS\ J^« mahall 

al-i'tiqad; J*** musaddaq. 
Credit, *. (belief) »3Usc\ i'tiqad. — 
^(esteem) ) } ^\ i'tibar. — (wit 

Digitized by 





regard to money, &c.) £*&• muk- 
na-t ; &^a* mudayana-t. 

Credit, v. (believe) jx© saddaq, 
yusaddiq ; Jdfcc\ i'tiqad, ya'ta- 
qid. — (sell on trust) qi^ £^ 
ba' bi-'d-din, yabi*. — (give credit, 
lend) (^W day an, yudayin ; ^/>jB\ 
aqrad, yuqrid. 

Creditable, adj. ps** mu'tabar. 

CRRDITABLENES8, *. J*Z*\ i'tiMr 

Criditob, *. {^i^\ ^r^Xo sahib ad 

din (pi. s-^*^ ashab) ; y*^ v»j 

rabb ad-din (pi. s-»^ arbab) 

yi±+ mudayyin ; p»jk garim (pi 

U^fc gurama'). 
Credulity, *. uUuc^N j^j zaud al 

i'tiqad; Wi. sadaja-t. 
Credulous, adj. *>Usc3\ gj^. sari* 

Creed, s. yW$\ *M^ 'aqayid al- 

Creek, s. g*k* halij (pi. gk* huluj, 

qW*» huljan). 
Creep, v. v>*> dabb, yadubb ; «-Aoj 

zahaf, yaz^af; ^ hamm, ya- 

Crescent, *. J^ halal (pi. &*\ 

Cress, s. «-*^ hurf ; UN *\±j rasad 

al-ma' ; if qurra-t. 
Crest, *. ft^i qumbara-t (pi. ^*Ui 

qanabir) ; «J^ 'uruf (pi. «-*\^\ 

Crb8ted, adj. <£)*& qumbari-y ; ^ 

Sj-^s zu qumbara-t; «-*^ a'raf, 

f. U^'arfa (pL uys 'urf). 
Crevice, *. <3^ falq (pi. jjl* 

fuluq) ; ,J* saqq (pi. JjSa su- 

Crew, *. hf*. bahriya-t; icW 

Crib, *. *)*• niadwad (pi. *)\±* 

madawid) ; <- A - U * ma'laf (pi. 

<_a5U* ma'alif). 
Crib, v. (confine in a small space) 

y**- hasar, yahsur. 
Cricket, a. (insect) y>y* sursur; 

J«M j\j* Qarar al-lel ; o^*> y\ 

abu dardan; ****** judjud (pi. 

«**»W jadajid). 

Crier, s. «^U* munadi. — (of a 

mosque) <$&y mu'azzin. 
Crime, s. pft> jaram (pi. f>\y*\ 

ajram) ; J\ ism (pi. p\S\ asam) ; 

s-*»i zatnb (pi. s-»y«* zunub) ; $f> 

Criminal, adj., s. s-*A* muznib; 

ft** mujrim ; (+J\ asim (pi. 

&*>\ asima-t) ; j$y mauzur. 
Criminality, s. ***** ma'siya-t; 

%))y mauzura-t. 
Criminate, v. v> (*v taham bi, 

Crimination, *. &*e> fcuhama-t (pi. 

^ tuham). 
Crimp, Crimple, v. *u> ja"ad,*yu- 

Crimson, *. yj* qirmiz. 
Crimson, adj. ijj-f qirmizi-y. 
Crimson, v.a. yfo* <$} lawwan bi- 

'l-qirmiz, yulawwin ; n. (blush) 

j+eJ ahmarr, yahmarr. 
Cringe, v. J*& tazallal, yatazallal ; 

£-s** tahadda', yatahadda'; £^ 

tadarra', yata^arra*. 
Cripple, *. tf\ a 4 raj, f. Wj* 'arja* 

(pi. e/s 'urj, qWj* 'urjan) ; &~S 

kasih ; •**&• muq'ad. 
Cripple, v. tfb a*raj, yu'rij ; ^-^ 

kassah, yukassih ; j^e 'aw war, 

yu'awwir; £a> jada', yajda*. 
Crisis, s. (^f*. buhran (pi. (^Vsc*. 

baharin) ; g^ai qatu*. 
Crisp, ad/, (curly) ^»^ ja'd (pi. 

*>W ji*ad); J^*%^ muja"ad. — 

(brittle) p**** ha^im; jUi35t gj^- 

sari' al-inkisar. 
Crisp, v. (wrinkle) a*> ja"ad, yu- 

ja"id ; ^^ jau'ad, yujau'id. 
Criterion, «. q\&s nisan (pi. 

(^AiW* nayasin) ; ^»)U 'alama-t 

(pi. ^ 'alam, ^)U 'alayim) ; S ; ^ 

isara-t; JJ*> dalil. 
Critic, «., ^**A* bah is ; vi^a.V^ mu- 

Critical, adj. ^t*. bahsi-y. 
Criticise, v. *^aA* bahas, yubahis ; 

}t&\ &-j jj\ adaqq fihi an-najar, 

yudiqq. — (find fault with) f2 
^lam,yalum; JJ^azal, ya'zul. 

Digitized by 




Criticism, a. *±**. bats (pi. *±>Uc»\ 

abljas) ; &»»W* mubahasa-t. 
Croak, *. (of a raven) s~«* na'b ; 

v»to nu'ab. — (of a frog) «Jhs* 

Croak, v. s»-*-* na'ab, yan'ab, 

ya'nib ; «J* ^aqq, yaniqq. 
Crock, *. &* qulla-t (pi. Jl* qulal, 

J)fci qilal) ; Mf barrada-t ; S,U> 

Crockery, *. SjVa** fuhhara-t (pi. 

jU»* fahhar) ; «-*ys- hazaf . 
Crocodile, a. c^~ ♦* timsah (pi. 

ea-W tamasih). 
Crocus, a. oV*) za'fran. 
Croft, a. fyj*^ hakura-t (pi. ;**V* 

Crook, a. ^V^ ^^ <a ^ ar-ra'i. 
Crook, t?.a. ty* 'awwaj, yu'awwij ; 

^5^- ^ana, yabni ; n. i^**^ in- 

hana, yan^ani ; t^-*-*\ in'aj, 

Crooked, adj. tf" mu'awwaj ; 

^W-* munhani. 
Crookedness, 8. fy* 'auj ; &f*\ 

in'iwaj ; Ue=^ inljina\ 
Crop, 8. (of a bird) &«^ Ijausala-t 

(pi. J*V* hawasil). — (harvest) 

Jj-a^* ma^sM ; ^yx** mahsu- 

lat; Sjljwod. hasida-t (pi. <h\*** 

Crop, v. ***» hasad, ya^sid ; <J^- 

ha&, yahu£s\ J-» qaaal, yaqsil. 
Crosier, a. «-AJu3\ SUc *asat al- 

usquf ; lj6* 'ukkaza-t (pi. >^£e 

Cross, a. s^ salib (pi. <$W* sul- 

Cross, ad/\ (oblique) «-*^a* mun- 

harif; (j***** mu'tarid. — (peevish) 

y*~*- hasir ; ^j za'lan. 
Cross, v. (make the sign of the 

cross) s-*Ln W^fc J** 'amil *ala- 

ma-t a?-salib, ya'mal. — (mark 

with a cross) »-r*k sallab, yusal- 

lib. — (pass over) ^*c 'abar, 

ya'bur. — (thwart) *-AJU. halaf , yu- 

Cross-bow, a. JJ^J^ <j*j* qaus al- 

buuduq (pi. u**V^ aqwas). 
Cross-examination, a. ^\ ibram. 

Cross-examine, v. <jo^» fahas, 
yaf^ias ; ^i\ abram, yubrim. 

Crossing, Cross-way, s. j^J\ jyu 
mafraq at-turq (pi. j^Uu ma- 
fariq) ; *+*l* saliba-t. 

Crotchet, a. (A00&) v>*£ kullab 
(pi. s-*lK kalalib) ; w*U*> hu^af 
(pi. U^U. hatatff). — ('fancy, 
whim) S^j zantara-t; &**- has- 
la-t ; Jl^ hiyal (pi. &#l\ ah- 
yila-t). — (m music) U*5\ && 
nuqta-t al-gina* (pi. U> nuqat). 

Crotchety, orf;. J*ab** mutahay- 
yil ; Jeiy muzantir. 

Crouch, v. (bend down) it ye^\ in- 
hana, yanhani ; ^*V» taqaear, ya- 
taqasar. — (fawn) JJtf tazallal, 

Croup, 8. (of a horse) ^k gahr (pi. 
)& zuhur) ; «-**>j ridf (pi. U>Uj\ 
ardaf). — (disease) &Ua. hunaqa-t ; 
Jf\± hanuq. 

Crow, *. (bird) jtf qaq (pi. ^VM 
qiqan) ; ytA* v»\^ gurab sagir. — 
(of a cock) &*k*o siyaha-t. 

Crow, v. t^-° sab, yasih. 

Crowd, *. ^^j\ izdiham; &4**j 

Crowd, v. ^\y tazaham, yataza- 
bara ; ^*>j\ lzdaham, yazdahim. 

Crown, s. JJ^ iklil (pi. Jj^ 
akalil) ; ^ taj (pi. e W tij'an). 
—(top) yjj ras (pi. y*/^ ni'us) ; 
e^- sath (pi. cjk- Butuh).— (0/ a 
<ree) idb^i Siisa-t (pi. ^yen ^a- 
wa^i). — (coin) f~* #\ abu nasr ; 
J^> riyal (pi. «^j riyalat). 

Crown, v. (a king) $y tawwaj, yu- 
tawwij ; Jtf kallal, yukallil. — 
(compUte) f*+* t am mam, yutam- 
mim; ^j-tf qada, yaqdi; J-^ 
kammal, yukammil. 

Crucible, «. ^y biita-t ; ii*>y bii- 
daqa-t (pi. j*>^y bawadiq). 

Crucifix, s. v»^* maslub (pi. 
s-n>3U^ masalib) ; s-»jk»*N S^^o 
siirat al-maslub. 

Crucifixion, 8. s-Jl© salb. 

Crucify, v. s-Jl* salab, yaslub. 

Crude, adj. ^ ham ; \j nay ; ^J 

Digitized by 





Crudeness, Crudity, 8. S^W* fa- 

jaja-t; &*j*s nuyiVa-t. 
Cruel, ad;. ^^ zalim ; ^U qasi. 
Cruelty, *. S^L-i qasawa-t; ^ 

zulm ; U*. jafa\ 
Cruise, b. &*$ bol$a-h ; yL. safar ; 

&*ji qarsana-t. 
Cruise, v. SJy J** 'amil bol^a-t, 

ya'mal ; &**> qarsan, yuqarsin. 
Cruiser, «. 0t*ji qorsan. 
Crumb, *. («o/$ jparJ o/ bread) s-J 

>*afctt lubb al-hubz (pi. v>**J 

lubub). — (small fragment) **>«* 

f utat, fitat. 
Crumble, t?.a. «~* fatt, yafutt; 

<**& fattat, yuf attit ; n. o^stf 

tafattat, yatafattat ; ks~m\ infatt, 

Crumple, v. •*** ja"ad, yuja"id ; 

J-**»> da'bal, yuda'bil; «**W 

ja'lak, yuja'lik. 
Cruse, *. &£** 6isa-t. 
Crush, v. **^*> dahak, yadbak ; 

y-^fc haras, yahrus. — ((werw^eim) 

p qabar, yaqbar. 
Crush, *. <j*yfc bars ; tejUu muqa- 

ra'a-t ; &*xo sadma-t. 
Crust, b. %y£* qisra-t (pi. jy** 

Crustiness, *. &-** faqsa-t. 
Crusty, adj. (ill-tempered) gV-Jtt 

Crutch, b. Sj^c 'ukkaza-t (pi. uv\ 

-kt,y£\£* 'akakiz). 
Cry, v. (aloud) c^* ?ah, yaaih ; ty 

sarab, yasruh. — (lament) c^ nah, 

yanuh ; J^ walwal, yuwalwil. — 

(weep) Jn baka, yabki; g*»> 

dama', yadma* ; damma', yu- 

dammi'. — (proclaim) ^\i nada, 

Cry, s. cW-» eiyab; l*y* sarha-t; 

cy naub; ^4* nauha-t. — (weep- 
ing) ; V£j buka\ 
Crystal, b. sj* billur (pi. j<*h 

balalir) ; >£*& y+* bajar al-bil- 

Crystallisation, a. *>Uflr^ injimad ; 

JJv tajlid. 
Crystallise, v.a. «u*. jammad, yu- 

jammid; jfjb J** ye* sayyar 

misl al-billur, yusayyir; n. jU 

j£J\ j£* sar niial al-billur, yasir. 
Cub, 8. (fox) £*jU* mu'awiva-t. — 

(lion) J-a. &bl (pi. JWM aSbal, 

J^_jA 6ubM, MW* sibal, J— e*t 

aibul). — (bear) j<A* s*° dubb 

Cube, *. s-*** ka'ab (pi. *r>f$ 

ku'iib, s^*ki<ab). 
Cubic, Cubical, adi. s-«*** mu- 

Cubit, 8. g^ zira* (pi. £j^ azru*). 
Cuckold, b. *±>ji*> dayyug ; j^o 

saqqur ; ($/>+ muqrin. 
Cuckoo, b. ff kuku ; jft waq- 

Cucumber, b. j^ hiyar; ^* 

'ajjur ; Ui qiga. 
Cud, 8. S^. jirra-t (pi. S^ ajir- 

Cudgel, b. **>^i nabbut (pi. u^^Li 

Cudoel, v. «>^W sj^ (Jarab bi-'n- 

nabbut, yadrib. 
Cuff, b. (blow) WJ la^ma-t. — (of a 

sleeve) u c^3^\ j»U^ fyU dayira-t 

li-akmam al-qamie. 
Cuff, v. ^ la(am, yaltim. 
Cuirass, b. £^*> dir* (pi. £jy»> duni*, 

J\)*>^ adra*) ; k*fi zardiya-t. 
Cuira8sieb, 8. £;J^ mudariTt'. 
Culinary, adj. ij&d* matbabi-y. 
Cull, v. (gather) «-A^i qa^af , yuqtif ; 

v.5^ jana, yajni. — (select) jud>\ 

ihtar, yahtar; s-^* nabab, yan- 

Culm, b. «^W* «J^- saq nabat (pi. 

0^-. siqan) ; fiLsA ^atla-t. 
Culminate, v. **$ kabbad, yukab- 

Culpability, 8. &+tj* jarima-t. 
Culpable, adj., Culprit, b. s-*^ 

muznib ; ft+* mujrim. 
Cultivate, Culture, v. (the soil) 

ijbj}\ pj>6» badam al-ard, yabdum ; 

^ fall ah, yufallih; y+* 'amar, 

ya'mur. — (the mind) s^ addab, 

Cultivation, Culture, b. (of the 

earth) U* falaha-t ; <?& taflih ; 

&\j* l^ar&ga-t; Wjj zara'a-t. — 

Digitized by 




(improvement in general) *<>>/ 

tarbiya-t ; s-»^ ta'addub. 
Cumber, v. (load) <JL* Ja» saqqal 

'ala, yugaqqil. — (stop) <-Jtfj waq- 

qaf, yuwaqqif; g — *-* man a, 

Cumbersome, Cumbrous, adj. 

s-**** mut'ib ; J**» saqil ; 

Cumbrance, *. fltf §aqla-t ; 

ta'ab ; ^ kadd ; g*U mani' (pi. 

g*\y mawani'). 
Cummin, 8. <$y£ kammun ; qf*& 

Cunning, adj. J6* makkar ; <fl*t± 

sai^an ; JU** inuhtal. 
Cunning, *. &«**» hila-t (pi. J**- 

ljiyal) ; &+ makr ; ±£ kaid (pi. 

j^ kiyta). 
Cup, s. c^qadah (pi. t^ aqdah) ; 

o*VS kas (pi. «U* kasat, ^Y 

Cup, v. (bleed) ^%»- ha jam, yahjum. 
Cup-bearer, s. ^U gaqi (pi. «wU-. 

suqat, «- suqi-y, ^58- suqqa). 
Cupboard, s. «^*. hazana-t (pi. 

<£j^ hazayin) ; <;)^-/» huristan 

(pi. cyUU-^ huristanat). 
Cupidity, *. Sje* sahwa-t; g*I» 

tama' ; yj>f* hire. 
Cupola, a. *** qubba-t (pi. s-^5 

qubab) ; <j>j-W jamlun ; &£*► 

hu£sa-t (pi. ^./^a^husaS). 
Cupper, s. f\+** hajjam ; £\^* bar- 
Cupping-glass, s. (**<*• mihjam 

(pi. ^W* mahajim). 
Cur, 8. s-K kalb (pi. v>^ kilab). 
Curacy, s. £**#*> huraniya-t. 
Curate, «. ^j*. huri-y (pi. &j^ 

hawarina-t ; i<V. cure). 
Curator, *. e^V* mu'taman. 
Curb, *. pV^J lijam (pi. ^ lujum, 

&*^J\ aljima-t) ; «*U fakk (pi. 

*>Krt afkak, ^ fukuk).— 

(restraint) W-* dabt ; J-** man*. 
Curb, v. ^ lajam, yaljum ; ^\ 

aljam, yuljim. 
Curd, 8. v>*/* s-J^ halib muraw- 

wab ; shI\> e** laoan rayib ; v>jy 

raub ; h$ rauba-t. 

Curd, Curdle, v. a. s^ rawwab, 

yurawwib; n. v>\> rab, yarub. 
Cure, s. S\j\a* mudawat ; && 'ilaj ; 

^*> diwa\ 
Cure, t>. (&ea/) ^*> dawa, yudawi ; 

gJVc 4 Alaj, yu'alij ; <j*, £afa, 

yaifi; s^J» tayyab, yujayyib. — 

(ptcfcZc) e^* mallah, yumatiih. 
Cureless, ad/. JUe 'a^jal. 
Curiosity, 0. (inquisitiveness) 

R±\±+ mudahala-t. — (rarity) &*** 

tuhfa-t (pi. «-** tuhaf); *-** 

nafisa-t (pi. u-*te nafayis) ; &j^U 

Curious, o<2/. (inquisitive) Ja»W 

mudahil ; u % * • mutajassis ; 

^5-afti—^ mustaq8i. — (rare) ^*>^* 

nadir; s-st^ ganb. 
Curl, *. j«Ai £2L halqa-t sa'r (pi. 

vu\ -at, <jk- halaq); Jtf^ ja'd; 

Sj^^ ja'da-t (pi. *>W ji'ad). 
Curl, v. **+ ja"ad, yuja"id. 
Currant, 8. {Corinthian grapes) 

U m ,».. »X kismi^. — (fresh) s— ** 

s-J^\ 'inab ag-sa'lab (pi. s^^^ 

Currency, s. 0^*- sairan; ^W 

jarayan. — (of money) **tf tarwn. 
Current, adj. <j,jW ]ari; g-iij 

Current, a. J<^- sail (pi. Jj*~ 

Curricle, s. &%e 'ajala-t (pi. J^c 

'ijal, JW* c ijal). 
Currier, a. ^»> dabbag ; <£*>£+ 

Curry, v. A**> dabag, yadbug, yad- 

bag, yadbig. — (a horse) j*+ jabar, 

yaj bur ; j^ qas^aq, yuqa^siq. 
Curry-comb, s. ip* jabra-t ; & ** *? • 

Curse, v. ^ la'an, yal'an ; ^ Vc*> 

da 4 a *ala, yad*u, yad'i ; J« bahal, 

Curse, s. &*J la'ana-t. 
Curt, adj. ^-5 qasir. 
Curtail, v. fXf qartam, yuqartim ; 

?* qassar, yuqa§sir. 
Curtain, s. SjU- sitara-t (pi. ^U- 
. satayir) ; ju. sitr (pi. >f- sutur) ; 

^t^->^ burdaya-t. 

Digitized by 



Cubtain, v. **~ gattar, yusattir ; 

«*■*»» hajjab, yuhajjib. 
Cubtness, s. y& qusr. 
Cubtsby, a. Ust»\ inhina'. 
Cubvb, a. jla^u U* hatt muqantar ; 

o - * ^* **- h^tt munhani. 
Cubvb, v. tf* 'awwaj, yu'awwij; 

«j*»* hana, yahni. 
Cubyilineab, adj. J*auS\ L^tt JJU 

misl al-haft al-muqantar. 
Cushion, 8. as ~ ~ * masnad (pi. «tfl~* 

masanid) ; .*«&• maq'ad (pi. 

•**V«* maqa'id) ; SoUj wisada-t. — 

(cushion of honour) pifi takrim ; 

i+j& takrima-t. 
Custody, 8. ^ rasd, rasad ; l-\f* 

hirasa-t ; l**- hif z ; ^j***. habs. 
Custom, a. {manner, habit) 8*>Vc 

'ada-t (pi. 4>\j* 'awayid) ; (+* } 

rasm (pi. ,•*-> rusftm) ; s^U 

da'b (pi. v>V^ ad'ub). — (impost) 

v~S* maks (pi. <^j** mukus) ; 

j*-; rasm (pi. ^j-j rusftm) ; **);*£ 

kumruk (gumruk, Turk.). 
Customaby, adj. *>Vx*» mutad; 

^4-j rasmi-y ; «-ijJU ma'Kif . 
Custombb, 8. ^jUi sari (pi. \/i 

£urra) ; isf**" mus^ari ; g^j 


9 [Dam 

Custom-house, 8. dy+&\ t*** bet 

al-kumruk ; *-*l aklfr«£ kumruk- 

Cut, v. g& qataS yaqta'. — (tnto 

pieces) (&& qa^ta', yuqatti. — 

(carve) (J& naqai, yanqas*. 
Cut, 8. £& qaf ; &* qata't. 
Cutlass, s. «-A*- saif (pi. <J^«~ 

Cutlbb, a. <j*fi fl £- sakakini-y; 

0^» sakkan. 
Cut-pubse, a. j^U sariq (pi. j^- 

surraq ; j\> tarrar ; JUi na&al. 
Cut-thboat, *. jfcjiaN glVi q&ti* at- 

tarfq (pi. eU»B qut&S ^i qut') ; 

JLai JUi qattal qatli-y. 
Cycle, *. >y± daur (pi. y^o^ adwar). 
Cyclic, Cyclical, adj.^* dauri-y. 
Cyclopcedia, 8. ($y*d\ £+**• majma' 

al-funftn (pi. g*W* majami'). 
Cylinder, 8. *>y*l* 'amud; *>j*e 

'umftd (pi. &ue\ a'mida-t, >V*^ 

'awamid); &tjL»t ustuwana-t. 
Cylindbical, adj. ^^Vc 'amiidi-y. 
Cymbal, a. gJ-> sanj (pi. ^ 

Cymbalist, a. &U* sannaj. 
Cypheb, *. see Cipher. 
Cypbess, 8. )j~ sarw ; 8p» sarwa-t. 


Daffodil, 8. im ^- hanga (pi. ^yW. 

Dagger, a. ^«- hanjar (pi. ^Ua. 

Daily, a<2;. ^y yaumi-y. 
Daintiness, 8. iMy nazaka-t ; ^VIol 

la^afa-t; tt^k zarafa-t. 
Dainty, adj. ^ laziz (pi. J3 luzz, 

•>U lizaz); cJ^oJ latff; *X& 

nazif (pi. ^*V!b» nizaf). 
Dairy, «. oUsAk ^iftlik (Turk. 

Dairy-maid, «. WW haliba-t ; &M 

Dairyman, 8. s-^W halib (pi. ^- 
halaba-t) ; ^W labban. 

Daisy, *. ^IjU^ j*} zahr al-lAlA. 

Dalliance, 8. (fondling) <jUJ ta- 
malluq; <*J&s talattuf. — (pro- 
crastination) y<A^ ta'hir. 

Dally, v. (fondle) <jl* mallaq, yu- 
malliq; *JH3 lataf, yulatif).— 
(trifle) tj* haraj, yahrij. — (delay) 
j^«? ta'awwaq, yata'awwaq. 

Dam, 8. SjJ\^ walida-t ; ^ umm (pi. 
d>U ummat, «t>^«\ ummahat). — 
(rft^) ♦— ^ jisr (pi. j^-^. jusflr) ; 
a- suad (pi. «yu suaiid). 


Digitized by 





Dam, v. Ju sadd, yasudd. 
Damage, s. %*> darar ; iy** ma^ar- 

ra-t ; Sjl—s. hasara-t. — (damages) 

SjL-a. ijtf 3 ta'wid hasara-t ; <j&j* 

'awad ; £*jU* mu'awada-t. 
Damage, v. f> $arr, yacjurr; />\ 

adarr, yu^irr. 
Damask, 8. (silk) Vafc*£ kamha; 

j +> & * musajjar. 
Dame, s. &- sitta-t (pi. «£>U~ 

Damn, v. <J* nafa, yanfi ; j&\ 

ankar, yunkir; ,*4*ft J**^ ad- 

hal al-jahannam, yudhil. 
Damnation, *. ^$^\ d%£\ al-halak 

Damned, adj. «sUU halik; of** 

ma'lun; f * * Q + i \ J^ ^ min ahl 

Damp, adj. s-J»j ratib; ^ nadi; 

0Vt^ nadyan. 
Damp, v. h^ rattab, yurattib ; ^ 

nadda, yunaddi. — (depress) *u*A 

ahmad, yuhniid. 
Damp, Dampness, *. <kfo rutuba-t ; 

fy& nadawa-t. 
Damsel, *. h*~ sabiya-t (pi. V*L* 

sabaya) ; kjW jariya-t (pi. ^j\yt 

Damson, s. <j>W\ ijjas (Egypt); 

Gf- hauj (Syria). 
Dance, s. yoB, raq? (pi. <^l> 

ruqus) ; &+**. ^anjala-t. 
Dance, v. ^j raqas, yarqus ; J***** 

tahanjal, yatahanjal. 
Dancer, s. jMj raqqas. 
Dandelion, s. s*Xfi\ J^ rajl al- 

Dandle, v.a. s-*S te'ab, yula'ib ; 

s-*H al'ab, yul'ib ; jyfcj zahzaq, 

yuzahziq ; n. yo^c 'arqae, yu'ar- 

Dandy, *. j.u£ gandar ; #**& gun- 

dur (pi. SyUfc ganadira-t). 
Danger, s. J*, ha^ar (pi. J3*l\ 

afetar) ; S^Uy muhatara-t ; *->*. 

hof ; Jj-a haul (pi. J\j-a1 ah- 

wal). ^ 

Dangeeous, adj. U^. muhif; 

t-ifia* muhawwif ; }*» ha^ir. " 

Dangerousness, s. 2^U** muha- 

Dangle, v. <jk* ta'allaq, yata'al- 
laq ; Jj$ tadalla, yatadafla. 

Dare, v. (venture) v» j^ ha^ar bi, 
ynhatir. — (defy) ^ tfpr tajah- 
ram 'ala, yatajahram; ^a-\ 
istahtar, yastahtir. 

Daring, adj. j~W jasir. 

Daring, Daringness, s. *;*— •* 

Dark, at*/, ^c 'atim; f*s** mu- 
'attam ; (J*>+ muzlim. — (of mean- 
ing) f*&y mubham; M^ .mu^- 

Darken, v. jJM aglam, yuzlim ; 
^xc 'attain, yu'attim. 

Darkness, *. &*** 'atma-t; £♦& 
zulma-t ; jX-fe galam ; ij* x ,.i f> 
hindis (pi. (j-»>Uo. hanadis). 

Darling, ». s hm* tabib, f. S (pi. 
v»W^\ ahbab, W ahibb4', ^^ 
ahibba-t, s-^W»- habayib) ; y**)^ 
nur 'ain; o^y S**> samara- 1 fci- 
wad (both with affixed pro- 

Darling, adj. s->j*^* mahbub ; 
^ *aziz. 

Dart, s. hf» harba-t ; j^ mizraq 
(pi. (Ji^y* mazariq). 

Dart, v. ^j rama, yarmi; «-i*W 
hazaf, yahzif . 

Dash, v. ^J latam, yaltuni; ^^-» 
sadam, ya^dim. — (as waves) cj*s 
tamawwaj, yatamawwaj. 

Dash, s. &M la^ma-t; &••*«> sad- 
ma-t ; i-^*>U^ mu^adama-t. — 
(line) ^ hatt- 

Dastard, a., adj. ($W jaban. 

Date, s. (time) ^4>Vj ta'rih (pi. 
&j\y tawarih). — (fruit) y*s tamr, 
ly» tamra-t (pi. juS\ atmar, jUS 
timar, ^ tumur) ; s-^-i qasb ; 
&e-~5 qasba-t. — (fresh) ^ balah, 
^l» balaha-t; s-J»j ru^ab, &J*) 

Date, v. tj arrah, yu'arrih. 

Dative, *. <JJ^5 Jj»a- maf'ul li- 

Daub, s. <jk*& tahbis. 

Daub, t?. go**- habbaf, yuhabbia. 

Digitized by 





Daughter, a. <**** bint (pi. ws>U* 

banat) ; <3?Ve «atiq (pi. O^j* 

Daughter- in-law, a. ^!M 8\y»\ 

imrat al-ibn; &tf kanna-t (pi. 

yiSsS kanayin). 
Daunt, v. ±*±\ abmad, yuhmid. 
Dauntless, adj. j-W jasir (pi. 

j-\y* jawasir) ; jy~« ► jasur (pi. 

^-^ jusr, jusur); J&J* ^ zu 

Daw, s. hj& 'aqariya-t. 
Dawn, a. jW*3\ &*1I» tal'a-t an-nabar ; 

j%aN <JM» Saqq al-fajr. 
Dawn, v. j+&\ <JM» Saqq al-fajr, 

yaiuqq; y&\ g& tala' ad-4u', 

Day, a. (twenty-four hours) f»y 

yaum, yom (pi. fVrt ay yam). — 

(from sunrise to sunset) f& nabar 

(pi. j9 nuhur, Sjty nabara-t). 
Day-break, a. see Dawn. 
Day-light, a. y*> du\ 
Daze, v. ty* dawwab, yudawwib ; 

yj*i)» $awwa£, yutawwis. 
Dazzle, v. je* jabar, yajbar ; J^j 

}*A\ zaglal an-nazar, yuzaglil. 
Deacon, a. ^*Ua Gammas (pi. £«Ua 

Dead, adj. «*-** mayyit (pi. **Ay\ 

amwat) ; ^y mauta ; <^f" 

mutawaffa. — {inanimate) *+W 

Deaden, v. «-A*a da"af, yuda"if ; 

iJbc*\ a4'af, yud'if ; y**\ a'jaz, 

Deadly, adj. JAs qatil; *s\i$* mub- 

lik ; «j - »»* mumit. 
Deadness, a. (rigidity)^ badar; 

j\j**\ inbidar. — (of trade) aL-£ 

Deaf, adj. v>>^ ajraa, f . W^L {arsa' 

(pL ^^ turS) ; f^o\ asamm, f. 

U-» samma' (pi. ^-» summ). 
Deafen, t;. \j»)* tarrai, yutarrii; 

^y» tawwai, yu^awwiS. 
Deafness, s. \j>}° taras; &*jL 

torsa-t ; f*** samam. 
Deal, a. (quantity) j<& qadr (pi. 
^Jtft aqdar) ; £^ kammiya-t. — 

(board) *-**> daff j &«> daffa-t (pi. 

«-iy*> dufuf); *~f lauta-t (pL 

c\jN alwah). 
Deal, v. (distribute) f>~* qasam, 

yaqsim; qassam, yuqassim; &£ 

farraq, yufarriq. — (traffic) v*V> 

tajar, yutajir. — (behave) J*^ 

'amal, yu'amil. 
Dealer, s. (at cards) j^ j*-V5 qasim 

Dealing, s. SjW* tijara-t; J** 

'amal. — ( plain dealing) &i\x* 

sadaqa-t. — (double dealing) ^ 

Dear, adj. (costly, expensive) <^te 

gali. — (beloved) fy* 'aziz (pi. \jyfc 

'uzaza', fy\ a'izza-t); s-»j*^* 

D earn ess, 8. ^ gala'. 
Dearth/ s. v»^ jadb ; £fcl^* ma- 

ja'a-t (pi. & W* majayi'). 
Death, a. «y^» maut ; oW mamat ; 

u^U^ wafat; ^y tawaffi; Uu*> 

tutf (pi. «-*yto. hutuf). — (violent 

death) j+**\ ^>y maut ahmar. 
Deathless, adj. **>jh % la yamut ; 

f»>\«> dayim ; ^U,^ muballad. 
Debar, v. pj*> haram, yahrim; *> 

radd, yanidd. 
Debase, v. /*» taqqar, yubaqqir. 
Debasement, s. JJ^» tazlil. 
Debate, s. ^»-W^ mubaba§a-t; 

iXoV^* mujadala-t. 
Debate, v. <$* «^^^ ba^ag 'an, yu- 

Debauch, a. ^W^ inbimak; ^>Ui 

f asad ; J-i fisq ; 8^ sabwa-t. 
Debauch, v. <JM fassaq, yufassiq ; 

«eXsA batak, yabtik. 
Debilitate, v. «-*** 4a"af, yu- 

4a"if ; «-A*a^ a4*af, ytuj'if. 
Debility, a. «-*** <Ja'f, 4u'f . 
Debit, a. &*k ^^ Qjt**ft ad-duyun 

allati 'alehi. 
Debt, a. ^»> dain (pi. ^ a duyun) ; 

^ qar4 (pi. ^/ quru^). 
Debtor, a. oy^« madyun. 
Decadence, a. v»^/- harab; J\>) 

Decagon, a. y^» mu'a^^ar. 
Decalogue, a. «wUJ^ yt«J\ al-'asar 

kalimat ; ^\ ^^ waaaya allab. 

Digitized by 





Decamp, v. J^ racial, yarhaL — 

(hastily) s-»i* harab, yanrub. 
Decant, t;. uf J\ \i\ ^ £y farrag 

min ina ila ina, yuf arrig. 
Decanter, a. &***» £isa-t. 
Decapitate, v. ^J^ (& qafa' ar- 
ras, yaqta* ; <JM*N s*/* <Jarab al- 

'unq, yaiflrib. 
Decapitation, a. y*yt ^aB qat* 

ar-ras ; <JM«N s*/* 4arb al-'unq. 
Decay, t?. M> habat, yahbit, yab- 

Decay, a. J^j ziwal. 
Decease, a. «*>*• maut ; SU^ riljla-t ; 

JUtf\ intiqal; «*Vij wafat. 
Decease, v. **>U mat, yamut ; ^f 

tuwuffi, yutawaffa (fcass. V.). 
Deceit, a. J^ gi£s; gj*» haun, 

hon ; j&» makr ; £**• had*. 
Deceitful, ad/. J*»U± gaisai ; j*»te 

ga& ; fW hadda' ; ^ makkar. 
Deceitfulness, a. & W- hiyana-t ; 

£W hida'. 
Deceive, v. <J±& gaiS, yagu^s" ; q\± 

han, yahun; ^j*. hawwan, yu- 

hawwin. — (mislead) <j^ gawa, 

yagwi ; J* <Jall, yacjill. 
December, a. J^ ^ytf kanun al- 

Decency, a. s>^ adab ; *r>j*jtt al- 

wujub ; &VJ liyaqa-t ; &♦**•. 

Decent, adj. «J*^ lajiQ; s— ^** 

munasib; ( ^ ♦■■O^ s-»^) <J*y» 

muwafiq (li - '1 - adab wa-'l-IjiS- 

ma-t) ; <j+*~* trismi-y. 
Deception, a. see Deceit. 
Decide, v. «-** batt, yabitt; pf* 

takam, ya^kum ; g-Ui qafa', 

yaqta'; ^ qa4a, yaqdi. 
Decimal, adj., a. ^Ua 'iSari-y; 

^j^tMS ta^iri-y ; ^aa IjAa «asara-t 

Decimate, v. y*** 'a&ar, yu'aisur. 
Decimation, a. j#&*s ta'slr. 
Decipher, v. y** 'abbar, yu'abbir ; 

y~i fassar, yufassir. 
Decision, 8. ^ hukm (pi. f\£*\ 

afckam) ; J-a* fasl (pi. Jj** 

f usul) ; i£fi fatwa (pL ^^ 

fatawa). — (of character) s-^ fyi 

quwwa-t qalb; ^ bazm; M)* 

Decisive, adj. <jS* batti-y; £M 

Decisiveness, a. l+f+» l^ukuma-t. 
Deck, 8. «*^*tt ^k- sath al-markab 

(pi. c£- sutufc); v^ Jly 

fauqani-y al-markab; ^ bont 

(pont) ; ^A- saqifa-t (pL «-AiU- 

Deck, i?. ^j zayyan, yuzayyin; 

J|jj zawwaq, yuzawwiq. 
Declaim, e. ±£i\ an^ad, yun£id ; 

s-t^ hatab, yuhatib. 
Declamation, a. £*Uafc* muhata- 

ba-t ; kytit un^iida-t (pL i^^^ 

Declaration, 8. jW**»^ iitihar; jtjB 

taqrir ; «-A^ ta'rif . 
Declare, v. (publish) j&>\ ashar, 

yu&iir; j$>\ aghar, yughir. — 

(affirm) >f qarrar, yuqarrir. 
Declension, s. (inflexion of nouns) 

Um}\ <Jfcjtj*F tasrif al-asma ; v»^ 

Decline, v. (refuse) ^ radd, yar- 

rud ; ^\ aba, ya'ba. — (diminish) 

ij& naqas, vanqus ; { j&xi\ inta- 

qas, yantaqis; J\j zal, yazal 

(yazil). — (a no«n) uy» sarraf, 

yusarrif ; s^ 'arrab, yu'arrib. 
Declivity, s. S^ wahda-t; fly 

nazla-t ; j^ hadiir. 
Decoct, v. g» naqqa', yunaqqi*. 
Decoction, s. g**» naqi*. 
Decompose, v. J*» hall, yahull; 

«aU fakk, yafukk. — (rot) ^^X 

in'afan, yan'afin; q**5 ta'affan, 

Decorate, v. q\) zan, yazin ; &i) 

zayyan, yazayyin; j^j zawwaq, 

yuzawwiq|; «-i/.j zahraf, yuzah- 

Decoration, a. &H) zina-t; ,j^} 

zawaq ; Uj^) zuhruf ; llj**} zah- 

Decorous, adj. <&} layiq; s^^* 

munasib ; s-^j wajib. 
Decorousness, Decorum, s. &*~U* 

munasaba-t ; ii^J liyaqa-t. 
Decoy, v. s*«W jazab, yajzub ; jt 

Digitized by 




garr, yagurr; }) t garrar, vu- 

garrir ; g*l» tamma', yutammi*. 
Decoy, s. **«k tu'ma-t (pi. ^ 

Decrease, v. a. <j& naqqas, yu- 

aaqqi?; J* 5 qallal, yuqallil; n. 

ij& naqas, yanqus; K jate\ in- 

taqas, yantaqis ; J* qall, yaqill. 
Decrease, s. j& naq$ ; <£*& nuq- 

§an ; ^Uurt intiqas. 
Decree, 5. ^ amr (pi. y\£ awa- 



bukm (pi. f{-£*A 

afckam j ; ^Uy farman (pi. <£e*V 

faramin). — (of God) UB qacja 

(pi. **-4i\ aqdiya-t). 
Decree, r. y\ amar, ya'mur ; ,%*•- 

hakam, yahkuni. 
Decrepit, ad/. ^ harim; yA* 
'awajiz); y*+* 

'ajiz (pi. v^je 'awaj 
'ajiz (pi. eV%* 'ajzan) 

Decrepitude, s. j%c 'ajaz ; ^ 

Decry, t;. ^ zamm, yazumm ; p*3 
zammam, yuzammim. 

Dedicate, v. (consecrate) v*<& 
qaddas, yuqaddis; ^a- 
yuhassis ; *-*** waqaf , yaqif. 

Dedication, s. u-.-iJds taqdis ; 
j*t*& tahsis. — (0/ a book) \ub\ 
ihda' ; &*i& taqdima-t (pi. foto 

Deduce, v. q&\ antaj, yuntij; 
g£*2«»1 istantaj, yastantij. 

Deduct, t;. U-^ asqat, yusqif ; (*** 
hasam, yahkum; t]* tara^, ya(- 

Deduction, s. (inference) &%** 
natija-t (pL g^to natayij) ; gU«-\ 
istintaj. — {abatement, subtrac- 
tion) f***- hagm ; p~±> hasm ; SaL 
«aqt; C>*arfc. 

Deed, s. (action) J** 'ami (pi. 
JUftt a'mal); *Ue 'amla-t (pi. 
JiUc 'ainayil, «y!Uc 'amlat) ; J»* 
fi'l (pi. JUi\ af'al).— (document) 
**■* bujja-t (pi. g**. fcujaj); 
J%- eijill (pi. va>)^ sijillat) ; 
J^- sijl (pi. J%~ sujul). 

Dee m, v. <j± zann, yazunn ; s « "-» 
^asab, ya^sib. 

Deep, od}'. «j*** 'amiq ; j&* qa'ir. 

— (o^wwre) ,/Sj* g&wis; t>*te 

gamid ; J^» mus'kil. — (saga- 
cious) J**J\ ^/«i zaki-y al-'aql; 

JLy s-~U sahib firasa-t. 
Deep, s. (the sea) ^ lujj ; &V 

lujja-t (pi. cV lujaj). 
Deepen, t>. a. <JK* 'ammaq, yu'am- 

miq ; &+&\ a'maq, yu'miq ; ». 

v>**> ta'ammaq, yata'ammaq. 
Deepness, s. <3** 'umq ; ^jt gaue. 
Deer, «. ,jA zaby (pi. s~M azbib, 

ijJA azbi, W^ ziba', ^ zubi-y, 

«>WA zabayat); J^ gazal (pi. 

fiyfc gizla-t, (^H>fc gizlan). 
Deface, v. (disfigure) »y* sawwah, 

yusawwih ; gA» bai^a', yubassV ; 

^aa haiiam, yuha^im. — (erase) 

<-5 ^« maha, yamti, yamhil ; ^— * 

nasah, yansah. 
Defalcate, v. f**\j*y j^- saraq 

dirabim, yasriq. 
Defalcation, s. &j- sariqa-t ; ^M 

Defamation, s. \fh\ iftira' ; ^\ 

ittiham ; 0^ but tan ; &*s* 

Defamatory, adj. £** mufdih ; 

^j^a hatkiyy. 
Defame, v. £-&* fadah, yafdah ; 

ciXsa hatak, yahtik; A^fi y*& 

kasar *ir$hu, yak sir. 
Default, s. J*U? tagaful; J^V 

tahamul ; ^^-a» qusur ; ^B? taq- 

§ir ; j& naqs ; ^^»» nuqsan. 
Defaulter, s. f*\y± jjC sariq 

Defeat, v. y~S kasar, yaksir ; fp 

hazzam, yuhazzim. — (frustrate) 

s-«^ hayyab, yuhayyib ; JW\ 

ab^al, yub^il. 
Defeat, *. ^kaer; S^kasra-t; 

f\y$\ inhizam. 
Defect, s. (deficiency) p** *adm; 

&i qilla-t ; j& naqs. — (blemish) 

s-** 'aib (pi. *r>y+* 'uyiib) ; ^J^ 

gal^a-t ; &*{* 'aha-t. 
Defection, ». S\jsA irtidad ; j\&\ 

inkar ; <$W** 'isyan. 
Defective, ooj. <joft* naqis ; v»^t*^ 

Defectiveness, s. &•»& naqiea-t. 

Digitized by 





Defence, s. b&\j* mudifa'a-t; 

ijW himaya-t; Sti\^* muha- 

faza-t. — (in a law suit) SUV^* 

muhamat ; hy tabriya-t. 
Defend, v. ^ giU dafa' 'an, yu- 

dafi* ; i$* <^**~ hama 'an, yahini ; 

^ Oj radd 'an, yarudd ; (^ ^^ 

hama 'an, yuhami. 
Defendant, s. (in a law suit) v^**** 

Aelc mudda'a 'alehi. 
Defer, v. Je^ amhal, yamhil ; f>\ 

ahhar, yu'ahhir ; %^S^ hazaf , yu- 

Deference, *. (respect) j{*s*\ i'ti- 

bar ; (*\£\ ikram. — (submission) 

lz\L *a'a-t. 
Deferential, adj. gja* mutf* ; 

g*U hadi* ; &\f" mutawadi*. 
Defiance, s. ytjt* tabriz; &"j&- 

Deficiency, s. >r* qusur; ^Ua* 

Deficient, adj. <j&\* naqi§ ; jy**» 

maq?ur; f*- muqaf^ir. 
Deficit, *. ^ qu§ur ; t** 'udm ; 

<j& naq§. 
Defile, v. ^^ dannas, yudannis ; 

u ^r najjas, yunajjis ; *±>y law- 
was, yulawwig ; £-j wassah, yu- 

Defilement, a. *-^ danasa-t ; 

&~\cr najasa-t. 
Define, v. (limit) *>^o. ^addad, yu- 

haddid. — (explain) *-^c 'arraf, 

Definite, adj. (limited) *>j«W* 

mahdud ; «>.»-** muhaddad. — 

(exact) &f> $arih ; kj--A* uia4but ; 

)fi+ muqarrar ; {$<&• mu'ayyan. 
Definition, s. *-Mf3 ta'rif (pi. *&>\ 

-at, U*j\j* ta'arif). 
Definitive, adj. gLVi qati* ; ^Ui 

Deflect, v. u^\ inharaf, yan- 

harif ; s-^- janab, yajnib. 
Deflection, s. *-*y^ inhiraf ; J** 

Defloration, a. ^Usrt iftidacl. 
Defluxion, 8. (cold) J^y nuzul ; 

fly nazla-t ; {&) zukam. 
Deform, v. g** 6anna', yuSanni* j 

^—ei qabbah, yuqabbih; g— ** 

baisV, yuba&i*. 
Deformity, «. £fc^ baia'a-t ; £fcL* 

Defraud, v. <jk* ga£6, yagu£s; 

£j** hada', yahda* ; j^ gadar, 

yagdir, yagdur. 
Defray, *. ^ wafa, yafi; g**> 

dafa', yadfa*. 
Defunct, adj., s. try marhum; 

^y*** magf ur ; ^?" mutawaffa. 
Defy, t;. (challenge) j;W baraz, yu- 

bariz. — (set at defiance) tj9^ 

tajahram, yatajharam. 
Degeneracy, s. *J& talaf ; *A— Art 

Degenerate, v. U& talif, yatlaf ; 

J^Jkrt infasad, yanfasid ; <$* jt& 

6le\ l^L tagayyar 'an tiba-t ael- 

hu, yatagayyar. 
Degenerate, adj. *>j*~a* mafs&d; 

Degrade, v. (depose) J^e 'aza!, 
ya'zil ; 'azzal, yu'azzU. — (dis- 
grace) £& fadah, yafdah; J3j 
razzal, yurazzil. — (in both senses) 
&>) wada', yada*. 

Degradation, *. J>c 'azl; Jj^» 
ta'zil. — (disgrace) J«i zall ; JeJ^» 
tazlil ; ji^y tarzil. 

Degree, s. (rank) ^*> daraja-t (pi. 
t)^ daraj) ; &y* manzala-t (pi. 
JjU* manazil) ; l*y martaba-t 
(pi. s-^V* maratib). — (measure, 
extent) )<& qadr. — (lineage) s-*-^ 
nasab (pi. ^>\~!\ ansab). — (in 
geometry) &►;*> daraj a- 1. 

Deify, v. &\ allah, yu'allUi. 

Deign, v. (condescend) JjUl tana- 
zal, yatanazal; J-^ tafad(}al, 

Deject, v. ^- hazzan, yu^azzin ; 

Ci gamm, yagumm; s-«W j~& 
asar al-qalb, yaksir. 
Dejection, *. ^*-» sawda* ; sp*' 

humiid; bf* kaba-t. 
Delay, v.a. ^A ahhar, yu'ahhir; 
yS ahar, yuhir; J«^\ amhal, 
yumhil ; n. *±+J labi^, yalbas ; 
Jr 5 ta'awwaq, yata'awwaq. 
Delay, s. *JUy tawaqquf; j^s 

Digitized by 





Whir ; *±~t* lubs ; &*• mahla-t ; 

i±* mudda-t. 
Delectable, adj. s->yy» margub ; 

*l& laziz ; ^e* 3ahi-y. 
Delectation, *. !&*> hazz (pi. W 

ahuzz, ky&a. huzuz, ^ huzzi Ac.) ; 

jjj- surur ; *>^» talazzuz. 
Delegate, a. s-s^ navib (pi. v»V 

nuwwab); Jj~j rasul (pi. J-j 

ru8ul); JA wakil (pi. K« wu- 

Delegate, v. J^ wakkal, yuwak- 

kil ; v>y nawwab, yunawwib. 
Delete, v. <J^* mahaq, yamhaq ; 

mahhaq, yumahhiq. 
Deleterious, adj. <joX» mahiq 

(pi. <j*.\f mawahiq) ; y±+ mu- 

dkmmir; *&*• niuhlik. 
Deletion, e. <3^* mahq ; jW* 

Delibebate, i?. ^j* £& tafakkar f!, 

yatafakkar; ^ J*^ ta'ammal 

fi, yata'ammal ; jjUJ taiawar, 

yatasawar ; /\& tazakar, yata- 

Deliberate, adj. j*a* mudabbir; 

)f*f muhtariz. — (slow) Jaj bati* 

(pi. U* biU')- 
Deliberation, 8. J**^> ta'auimul ; 

/& tafakkur ; SjjjU** musawara-t ; 

<J°\s ta'anni. 
Delicacy, s. (fineness of texture) 

iff* Jarawa-t; &^ liyana-t; 

&j riqqa-t. — (elegance) &ty naza- 

ka-t; &JJ latifa-t (pi. «-*|\U 

latayif). — (nicety) SJJ lazza-t. 
Delicate, <w£/. (fine of texture* 

soft) ,jai) raqiq (pi. jU, riqaq, 

Vi^ arriqa') ; ^cU na'ini ; ^ 

layyin. — (dainty) h& laziz ; (j~e# 

nafis. — (weak) U^ec* nahif. 
Delicious, ad/. »toU mulazzaz ; 

j«jj laziz ; {jr~s& Dafis. 
Deliciousnbss, *. &~to nafasa-t ; 

SjJ lazza-t ; ^*U» talazzuz. 
Delight, t>.a. ga» bahaj, yabhaj ; 

gtt^ abhaj, yubhij ; ^ lazzaz, 

rtilazziz ; w-. •>•& talazzaz, yata- 

Delioht, s. ^ hazz (pi. ^^ 

huzuz, ^- huzz, &c.) ; S^ ma- 

sarra-t ; SA5 lazza-t. 
Delightful, a<i/. J*& laziz; c/" 

Delineate, v. (*~j rasam, yarsum ; 

jjo sawwar, yusawwir. 
Delineation, s. f*~*j rasm (pi. fy+) 

rusum, (*~j\ arsum) ; jty* taewir 

(pi. j>jus tasawir). 
Delinquency, a. py* jurm (pi. 

fyf* jurum) ; s-*^ zamb (pi. s-»y»* 

Delinquent, s. s-**^ muznib ; 

?)++ mujrim. 
Delibiou8, adj. ^ J^» mihzar ; *-*>*. 

harif ; )**> hazir, hazur. 
Delibiou8NESs, Delirium, 8. Q^U* 

hazayan ; j**> hazr ; j\i& tahzar ; 

($\f* buhran. 
Deliver, v. (liberate) { jA± hallas, 

yuhallis; <^r najja, yunajji.— 

(transfer) ^i- sallam, yusallim. 

— (pronounce) ^ lafaz, yalfiz. 
Delivery, s. (rescue) c^W 5 najat ; 

(jo)U. halas. — (handing over) 

^JL-J taslim. — (utterance) ^S 

talafEuz ; eW* bayan ; £j& taqrir. 

— (child-birth) SjSj wilada-t. 
Delude, v. J^> dallal, yudallil ; j^t 

garrar, yugarrir; ^t gai^, ya- 

Deluge, s. ^Vi^ {Man ; y*± gamr 

(pi. jUfc giinar, ^^U gumur). 
Deluge, v. J^ gatta, yugatti; 

j/ garraq, vugarriq. 
Delusion, s. J!U dtalal ; jm^ gurur. 
Delusive, adj. J^ mudill. 
Delve, v. j*- hafar, yahfir; yft^i 

nabai, varabus*. 
Demagogue, 8. && s^V darrab 

Demand, v. s-^» talab, yatlub ; 

J P U Ba'al, yas*al; { ^j\ iqtada, 

Demand, «. s-J^» t^lab. 
Demean, v. caJUL. salak, yasluk. 
Demeanour, *. *&}*+ suluk ; ** V lw 

inaslak ; S^- sira-t. 
Demented, ac?/. ^^^» majnun ; 

sJȣX* nialtu^. 
Demerit, s. s-^^ zamb (pi. v>y^ 

Digitized by 





zunub); *J«* hatfya-t (pi. l|U* 

hataya) ; ^ qusur. 
Demise, *. **>y maut; <*>W» ma- 
mat ; «y^ waf at ; «-A*w ^atf . 
Democracy, s.j)Q++}\ (**** hukm al- 

Democrat, *., Democrat, Demo- 

cratical, adj. j)9++}\ ^J £»^ 

tabi' li-hukm al-jamhur (pi. 

g>y tawabi*). 
Demolish, v. s^*- harab, yahrib, 

yahrab; harrab, yuharrib; (••** 

nadam, yahdim, yahdum. 
Demolition, *. s-*>j** tahrib ; j»ja 

hadm ; ^»*6» tahdim. 
Demon, *. ^* jinn (pi. &** jinna-t) ; 

(jjW jann (pi. ^W jinan) ; c^^c 

'ifrit (pi. oi;Vte 'afarit). 
Demoniac, Demoniacal, ad/, ^j^ 

Demoniac, «. (possessed by a demon) 

Qf+" majnun (pi. e>**W* maja- 

nin) ; <j*yt^» inalbus; qj£~* 

Demonstrate, v. &tf bayyan, yu- 

bayyin; **~t*\ as bat, y us bit ; Ja 

,J* dall 'ala, yadull ; (^y bar- 

han, yubarhin. 
Demonstration, *. *&\± sahid (pi. 

**\p sawahid); JJ*> dalil (pi. 

J-4*a dalayil) ; ^V*^ burhan 

(pi. (j**\j* barahin) ; v*>l*ft if bat ; 

il*» bayyina-t. 
Demonstrative, adj. &***+ mus- 

bit ; J)J^ mudallil ; e)^7^ mu " 

Demonstrative, s. SjUW ^ ism 

Demoralisation, *. ^Ui fasad. 
Demoralise, v. •>— i fassad, yu- 

fassid ; J^—^ afsad, yufsid. 
Demur, v. v»^ irtab, yartab ; *sb> 

sakk, yaiukk ; cd&tJ taiakkak, 

Demure, adj. (grave) jfy waqur. 

— (prudish) J-*^ J*l^ 'amil 

Demureness, s. jVSj waqar; &»*U* 

Den, s. SjU^ magara-t (pi. j\** 

magayir) ; j\t gar (pL^jrf agwar). 

Denial, *. (refusal) fyU ma'b&t. — 

(negation) j&\ inkar ; «j» nafy. 
Denizen, s. ^^ baladi-y. 
Denominate, v. <j*~ samma, yu- 

Denomination, *. f+*\ ism (pi. 

U— V asma', <j»\~\ asami) ; <j*~ 

simay; s-Jfl laqab (pi. **A&\ 

algab).— (sect) &*& tfyifa-t (pL 

U*\£ tawayit); &/ firqa-t (pi. 

3/ firaq). 
Denominator, *. (in fractions) 

&f*» muhraj ; p\&* maqam ; fX*\ 

Denote, v. ^** bayyan, yubayyin ; 

JJ j\±\ isar ila, yuiir. 
Denounce, v. (inform against) ^«-» 

s^ sa'a bi, yasa' ; v> a*j wasSa 

bi, yu waist ; ^J^ qJ** ta'awan 

'ala, yata'awan. — (proclaim) j$\ 

aghar, yuzhir; p 1 * \ a'lam, 

Dense, adj. «-**£ kasif; «-tfV£x* 

mutakasif ; M* galiz. 
Denseness, Density, *. i*^ kar 

Dent, s.^ hazz (pL )^ huzuz); 

(^- sinn (pi. (;)U«.\ aanan). 
Dent, v. ^ hazz, ya^azz ; j)»- 

ljazzaz, yuhazziz ; (j~>~> sannan, 

Dental, adj. ^y- sinni-y. 
Dentist, *. ^U-^ tj^ft jarayilti-y 

Dentistry, *. ^U-U^ v^/^ ^^ 

sana'a-t jarayihi-y al-asnan. 
Dentition, s. <^U«.^ g^t ^ulu* al- 
Denudation, *. laJj zal^; hp- 

Denude, v. <j^c 'arra, yu'arri ; Uj 

zalla^, yuzaUit; r^ Wallah, yu- 

Denunciation, *. (infoimation) 

k^*) wiiaya-t; ^U- si 4 aya-t. — 

(publication) J*±\ ibbar; )\&>\ 

Deny, v. f± nakir, yankar; jb\ 

ankar, yunkir. — (refuse) J& ^\ 

aba 'ala, y'abi. 
Depart, v. (go) s-**^ zahab, yaz- 

Digitized by 





hab. — (start) J^ ; rahal, yarhal ; 
j&~ safar, yusafir. 
Department, *. (office) **J^ hid- 

Depabtube, s. J^j rahil; JV*^ 
irtihal ; 3yt-* musafara-t ; s->^»* 
Depend, v. (hang from, be con- 
nected with) ^ Jf** ta'allaq fi, 
yata'allaq. — (rely on) <J^ <>+j*\ 
i'tamad 'ala, ya'tamid ; { J* J55t 
ittakal 'ala, yattakil; v> <3>j 
wasiq bi, yasiq. 
Dependant, Dependent, adj. 
tjl*** muta'alliq, *-*$y* mauquf ; 
s. (retainer) $\5 tabi' (pi. $\y 
Dependence, Dependency, *. 
(reference) <jk> ta'alluq; s->^-*^ 
intisab. — (confidence) *>Ujx\ i 4 ti- 
mad. — (stibjection) &b& $a'a-t. 
Depict, v. (paint) >y* sawwar, yu- 
sawwir. — (describe) *JLc^ wasaf , 
Deplorable, adj. ^** mubakki. 
Deplobableness, s. (m £++ JU. hal 

Deplore, v. <J^ <j£j baka 'ala, 
yabki ; c^ nah, yanuh ; ^Jj rasa, 
Deploy, v. 1*- * basat, yabsut. 
Depone, v. j^ sahid, yaghad. 
Deponent, s. ju*U sahid (pi. *>je* 
suhud, J** suhhad, *>l$M ashad, 
J**,* sawahid). 
Depopulate, t;. v»/- harab, yahrib ; 

harrab, yuharrib. 
Depopulation, s. v»V* fea-rab. 
Depoetation, s. JUuM intiqal ; Jtf 

Deportment, s. *sJjU suluk ; *s\l*~* 

maslak (pi. *sUL~* masalik). 
Depose, v. Jy* 'azal, ya'zil ; 'azzal, 

yu'azzil ; g± hala', yahla*. 
Deposit, 8. &\+\ amana-t; &o*>j 

wadi'a-t (pi. g}^ wadayi*). 
Deposit, v. £<*) wada', yada* ; &)\ 
auda', yudi* (both with Jun'and). 
Deposition, s. (evidence) S*>\$* 
aahada-t. — (dethronement) Jay* 
ta'zll ; &f 'azla-t ; gU. hal*. 

Depo8itoby, s. £»>yu«* mustawda'. 

Depot, s. (^^ mahzan (pi. gj^afc* 

mahazin) ; J-U. hasil (pi. J-»^ 


Depbave, v. ju~* fassad, yufassid ; 

•»*~rt afsad, yufsid. 
Depravity, 8. *>\— i fasad; vA^a. 

hubs ; &oXi* qabaha-t. 
Depbecate, v. (ask forgiveness) 
jA*s-t istagf ar, yastagfir ; j **s~S 
i8ta'zar,yasta'zir. — {pray against) 
v±>Ux-»\ istagas, yastagis. 
Depbecation, 8. j\**z~\ istigfar; 
j\&ma»\ isti'zar. — (prayer) *&>\as~\ 
Depbeciate, v. /*- haqqar, yuhaq- 
qir; <j«fj wakas, yakis; q\&\ 
aban, yuhin. 
Depbeciation, *. jUsb^ ihtiqar; 
^\jA hawan; JUyut istirzal; 
u~&) waks. 
Depredate, v. s~6* nahab, yanhab ; 
s-J^* salab, yaslub ; j^. saraq, 
Depredation, s. s-^ nahb. 
Depredator, «. s-»^ nahhab ; £Uai 

v3^^ qatta' at-tariq. 
Depress, v. (deject) ^t\ agamm, 
yugimm ; ($y*\ a^zan, yuhzin. — 
(lower) J3\ azall, yuzill ; <>**. 
hafad, yahfid. 
Depbession, *. (hollow) %**• jura-t 
(pi. %y* juwar) ; ^ jauf (pi. 
u\f*\ ajwaf). — (sinking of spirits) 
<^Jk\ j\~£}\ inkisar al-qalb ; •>$♦*- 
Depbive, v. (j* &>\ ahaz min, 

ya'huz ; pf* haram, ya^rim. 
Depth, *. <j*e 'umq (pi. jjUft^ 

a'maq). See Deep. 
Deputation, *. Ji^ wafd ; )S) wn- 

kala' ; J-j rusul. 
Depute, v. J^ wakkal, yuwakkil ; 
a*^\ aufad, yufid; J-^ arsal, 
Deputy, s. shi^ nayib (pi. s^y 
nuwwab); J^-; rasul (pi. J~; 
rusul) ; Aj^ wakil (pi. 15* wu- 
Derange, v. j»U^^ ^^ a < dam an- 


Digitized by 





nizam, yu'dim ; WafeJ lahbat, yu- 
lahbit ; W/* harbat, yuharbit. 

Derangement, 8. f^i * r &&\ inqi- 
lab an-nizam ; &*afcJ lahbata-t. 

Deride, v. ^ **W» <Jahak 'ala, 
yacftak ; o^ «*W*t i^a^k 4 ala, 
ya44atik; s^ t>*s-t istahza' bi, 
yastahzi' ; v ^fe- sahir bi, yas- 

Derision, *. \yts~\ istihza; $f* 
huzu; j4b~ sahar; kf*~ sahri- 

Derisive, adj. i £fi*~** mustahzi. 

Derivation, *. jtetf^ is*tiqaq. 

Derivative, adj. <J*A* nius*taqq ; 

Derive, v.a. {draw from) J^ t aw - 
wal, yuhawwil; 5^ ahraj, yuh- 
rij. — {a word) <jaM istaqq, yas*- 
taqq ; g^--^ istahraj, yastahrij ; 
n. {flow from) &• ;*>-> sadar min, 
yasdir, yasdur. 

Derogate, v. {lessen) j& naqqas, 
yunaqqis. — (disparage) j3*> haqar, 
yahqir ; f 'arr, ya'urr. 

Derogatory, adj. {damaging) y** 
mucjirr. — {disparaging) ; -ft^* 
muhqir, muhaqqir ; JJa* muzal- 

Dervish, Dervis, s. u^;** darwish 
(pi. <*Mfo<* darawis). 

Descend, v. Jy nazal, yanzil ; j**^ 
inhadar, yanhadir; W* habat, 
yahbit, yahbut. — {from ancestors) 
ij\ % % *~s i\ intasab ila, yantasib ; 
if e^- haraj min, yahruj. 

Descendant, Descendent, adj. 
*t+~z*" muntasib. 

Descendants, s. J~* nasi (pi. JV— i\ 
ansal) ; hj& zurriya-t (pi. «j:;\)»* 

Descent, *. {progress downwards) 
Jjjj-i nuzul; jW\ inhidar. — 
{slope) &** habta-t. — {extrac- 
tion) J-t asl (pi. JU-* usul) ; J~* 
nasi (pi. JL-M ansal). — {invasion) 
&— *£ kabsa-t ; py***> hujum. 

Describe, v. *-A*j wasaf, yasif. 

Description, s. «-A*j wasf. 

Descry, v. {see from a distance) 

*-iU £&f , yaiuf . — {espy) ±~) raaad, 

yarsud; s-*\> raqab, yuraqib. 
Desecrate, v. y~**> dannas, yu- 

dannis ; u* - ^ na j j a8 » yunajjis. 
Desecration, *. &-U j danasa-t ; 

&~»\qr najasa-t. 
Desert, *. {wilderness) kf barri- 

ya-t (pi. «4)V ^ arar J *-* J ^ 
badiya-t (pi. «^y bawadi) ; /» 
qafr (pi. ju* qif ar) ; \j** 8 a^ra' 
(pi. ^;W« sahara). — (meri* or 
demerit) s-^-^ wajib; J *,?- * 

Desert, adj. {wild) vj-**^ wahs*i-y. 
— {waste) fy wa'ir ; /^* mudai- 

Desert, v. {abandon) df tarak, 
yatruk ; J^ hazal, yahzul. — {as 
a soldier) v>y& harab, yahrub ; y 
farr, yafirr. 

Deserter, s. Zi j£ «~* S \ 0^ s-»^ 
harib min al-*askariya-t; j^ 

Desertion, *. ctJy tark; ^^^ 
ha j ran ; <^yfc haraban ; ty firar. 

Deserve, v. &+?~\ ista^aqq, yasta- 
Ijiqq ; *r*+*z~\ istaujab, yastau- 
jib ; JaU-\ ista'bal, yasta'bil. 

Design, v. (intend) «*-* qasad, yaq- 
sid ; S\j\ arad, yurid. — {draw) 
f*~j rasm, yarsuin ; )y° sawwar, 

Design, *. {intention) ^ niyya-t ; 
a*S qafd ; *>^/» niurad ; tf *azm 
(pi. fjf 'uzum); JuA* maqsad 
(pi. Ju>UU maqasid) ; *>y«a*» maq- 
sud (pi. J^-©^ maqasid). — {draw- 
ing) (*~j rasam (pi. j»j~j rusiim, 
(*~j\ arsum) ; £y* taswir. 

Designate, v. {mark out) <J\ j^\ 
asir ila, yuSir ; y*t bay y an, yu- 
bayyin. — {name, appoint) ^j*~ 
samma, yusammi. 

Designation, s. {mark) lj\±\ isA- 
ra-t ; &*$* 'alama-t. — {appoint- 
ment) ^e * - * " y tasmiya-t; > v - e la» 

Designing, adj. &**» hadda 4 ; j&* 
makkar; J^I** muhtal. 

Desirable, adj. s-»^/* margub ; 

Digitized by 





0>W sayiq; i^\ jUAj yustaq 

Desirableness, «. **tt lazza-t (pi. 
«y) -at, **\& iazityiz). 

Desire, v. (wish for) ^y+s tamanna, 
yatamanna; <jf±\ i&taha, yai- 
tahi; s-^; ragib, yargab ; jUa^ 
i£taq, yaitaq. — (request) Wj raja, 
yarju (with ace. or {$* min); 
h-U» talab, yatlub (with ^ ila 
or <&• min). 

Desire, «. ffty maram (pi. «J -at) ; 
v»y^ matlub; jy* sauq (pi. 
jtjtA aiwaq) ; Ay* garam ; ***) 
ragba-t ; *je* sahwa-t. — (request) 
w-& talab ; **& talaba-t. 

Desirous, adj. jL-aA^ muitaq ; 
s-*^\) ragib. 

Desist, v. (f fy farag min, yaf- 
rug ; Jtj zal, yazal (followed by 
aorist or participle) ; {k&rt in- 
qaja', yanqatf' ; «-A* kaff, yakuff 
(both with ^ 'an). 

Desk, s. s-^5U maktab (pi. s-^^* 
makatib) ; ^^.;A ) baitahta-h 

Desolate, adj. (waste) s^V" harab. 
— (comfortless) s «&■*■<* mukta'ib ; 
^f^y muhai. 

Desolate, t?. v»/> harab, yahrib, 
yahrub ; harrab, yuharrib. 

Desolation, s. s^/* harab. 

Despair, *. <j*^ iyas. 

Despair, v. (^* J^S) ^>* qata* al- 
amal min, yaqta* ; ^^2* ya'is, 

Despatch, v. (send away) J->\ 
arsal, yursil ; o-** ba'as, yab'as. 
— (kill) J-55 qatal, yaqtul. — 
(execute speedily) J-qi* 'ajjal, 
yu'ajjil ; «JA**> damsaq, yudam- 

Despatch, s. (speedy performance) 
JaV* ta'jil ; «a*j dam£aqa-t. — 
(message) &{~j risala-t (pi. J>^j 
rasayil) ; ^ habar (pi. ;W 

Desperate, adj. (who despairs) 
tj~i\ ay is. — (who is despaired of) 
jo* u-jiU mayus 'anhu ; W-jN £$&• 
maqtu* ar-raja ; \y&\ f*J* 'adim 

ad-dawa. — (rash) jje*» mutahaw- 

Desperatbness, s. )f? tahawwur; 

{+*& tahajjum. 
Despicable, adj. *fr* haqir; J*> 

dani-y ; J**S; razil (pi. 3*Sj ruzala', 

JU ; ruzala) ; JJ3 zalil (pi! flS 

zilal, lit azilla', &S\ azilla-t). 
Despicableness, s. SjVfe* ^aqara-t ; 

&A zilla-t ; &Uj razala-t. 
Despise, v. yu*.\ ihtaqur, yahtaqir ; 
^Jfe- ljaqqar, yu^aqqir; yi ^ ? . ^ 

istahqar, yastahqir ; q\*\ ahan, 

Despite, Despitefulness, 8. 

(malice) Jtf*. ljaqd (pi. *>yfe» ljiiqud, 

a*Ufe* haqayid, *>W afcqad) ; ^a** 

Despiteful, adj. *>yfe» haqud; ^ 

J^b- zu taqd. 
Despoil, v. c^ salla^, yusallit; 

pf» haram, yahrim ; s-^ nahab, 

Despot, *. #^^ jalim (pi. ^ zul- 

lam) ; #J^\ s-^-^» sahib az-zulm 

(pi. vW>! ashab) ; jW jabbar 

(pi. S^V^ jababira-t). 
Despotic, adj. ^^ zalim; jtW 

Despotism, e. p& zulm; ULj tasal- 

lut; J5to-^ istiqlal. 
Dessert, 8. Ja> naql. 
Destination, s. <j>\*&\ ihtisas; 

(2^-s** ta'yin. — (ultimate design) 

g*j+ marja* ; *>^u maqsiid. 
Destine, v. (intend for) ac\ a'add, 

yu'idd ; ,j^ has? as, yuhassif . — 

(fix) ;/ qarrar, yuqarrir; ^ 

qaddar, yuqaddir. 
Destiny, s. s-^-^ nasib (pi. W^ 

an8iba , , &**&\ ansiba-t) ; ^-J 

qisma-t; Ui qa<Ja' (pi. ^a*\ 

aq4iya-t) ; #<&• maqdur (pi. y»>Uu 

Destitute, adj. )^ 'awiz; s-siU. 

hayib ; J^sa* f aqid ; «a* f aqir ; 

Jj«^» mahzul (pi. Ja»fe* maha- 

Destitution, s. SjVc 'aza-t ; ysA faqr, 

f uqr ; JM <Jiq. 
Destroy, v. s^/* harab, yahrib, 

Digitized by 





yahrub ; harrab, yuharrib ; ^a 

nadam, yahdum; «iu* halak, 

yahlik ; hallak, yuhallik ; i*U*i 

ablak, yuhlik; /•*> damar, yad- 

Destruction^ 8. v»^- harab ; s-*>;** 

tabrib; p** hadm; fi\<*&\ inhi- 

dam; <-m\ itlaf ; ; U> damar. 
Destructive, adj. <*U«* muhlik; 

y*+ mudammir ; p»>Vfc hadim ; 

j*" mu^irr. 
Destructiveness, s. SjuJU maf sa- 

dat (pi. JuU* mafasid); S^ 

ma4arra-t (pi. *a>\ -at, \*+ mad- 

Desttltorinbss, *. &*VL» As qilla-t 

Desultory, adj. OM^* ^ gair 

Detach, v. j^ faraq, yaf ruq ; J-«* 

fasal, yafsal ; J**- hall, yahull ; 

*aU fakk, yafukk. 
Detachment, *. fy firqa-t (pi. 

jy firaq) ; l*pr tajrida-t. 
Detail, v. J** fassal, yufassil. 
Detail, «. Je-tf tafsil. 
Detain, v. «-AJj waqqaf , yuwaqqif ; 

«-Ai^ auqaf, yuqif ; «3jc 'awwaq, 

Detect, v. uu£ ka^af, yakSif; 

j&\ azhar, yuzbir. 
Detection, *b. Ul&* kaif; jW 

Detention, *. «-My tauqif ; j/s 

'auq. — (confinement) ^r-*°" babs. 
Deter, v. *-i^ hawwaf, yuhawwif ; 

tJ*J zabhaq, yuzahhiq. 
Deteriorate, v. a. <s*yjv sayyar 

arda, yusayyir; J~±& 'akkas, 

yu'akkis ; y~*^ ahsar, yuhsir ; 

a-1\ afsad, yufsid ; n. ^j\ j\*> 

ear arda, yasir; >*~&\ infasad, 

yanfasid ; y~ a- hasir, yahsar. 
Deterioration, 0. >>V .... k f asad ; 

oLjkrt infisad ; j*~-** tahsir. 
Determinate, ad;, (fixed) jy-** 

muqarrar; jju^-* muhaddad; 

t)*** mu'ayyan; j**^* muhak- 

Determination, s. (resolution) **> 

niya-t; o*i qaed; ^ 'azm (pi. 

fjyfc 'uzum). — (decision) (*£*• 

hukm (pi. p\£*\ ahkam). — (limi- 
tation) •*>»*** tahdid. 
Determine, v. (fix limits) *>•*»■ 

had dad, yuhaddid. — (resolve) 

Juai qasad, yaqsid ; ^ py* 'azam 

'ala, ya'zim. — (influence) <&f~ 

harrak, yuharrik. — (finish) f*&~ 

hatam, yahtim. — (decide) p&* 

hakam, yahkum; ^ i qada, 

Detest, v. */ karih, yakrab ; *j£s~\ 

istakrab, yastakrib. 
Detestable, adj. **/ karih. 
Detestation, 8. *\j£*~\ istikrab ; 

***/ karaba-t ; &aa, bugda-t. 
Dethrone, v. g^ hala', yahla'. 
Detonate, v.n. ^ ra'ad, yar'ud ; 

jtf sar, yasur; a. acj\ ar'ad, 

Detonation. *. <**) ra'd (pi. *fy 

ru*M) ; %f i \ ura-t. 
Detract, v. ^ ft namm 'ala, 

yanumm ; ^ \fl\ iftara 'ala, 

Detraction, s. &•*** uamimat ; 

\f*\ if tira ; wJA* qazf ; *i\*) wisa- 

Detractor, s. fW nammam ; ^y^* 

muftari ; ^Mj wa^i (pi. vw^ 

Detriment, s. tf darrar; ly*~ 

madarra-t ; S^L-i. basara-t. 
Detrimental, adj. y*>+ mudirr ; jt* 

<Jarr ; ^y inuzi. 
Devastate, t;. v»y^ barab, yabrib, 

yahrub ; harrab, yuharrib. 
Devastation, s. v»^ harab ; s-4/^ 

Develop, v. (unfold) y** nasar, 

yan^ur; Ja--» basti yabsu^. — (tm- 

ravel) J«^ hall, yahull ; Jk* hal- 

lal, yutallih — (explain) £*) 

wadcjah, yuwa^dih ; ^\ audah, 

Development, s. Vi .. fl ; ? tabsi^; 

jl*ji\ intisar ; J«le^ tahlil ; c#*j> 

taudih ; t^^ H&h. 
Deviate, v. J* dall, yadill ; <-*f*\ 

inharaf, yanharif ; *>L^ bad, 


Digitized by 





Deviation, b. u\f#\ inhiraf ; S*>U.\ 

ihada-t ; J!U dalal. 
Device, 8. (contrivance) ^*»J* tad- 

bir ; &-»» hila-t (pi. ji- hiyal). 

— (ngw) &*^e 'alama-t (pi. j»ic 

'alam, ^j^c 'alayim); ^Vii nisan 

(pi. ^**W nayasin). 
Devil, s. ^U^a gaitan (pi. (jJs»W^ 

sayatin) ; u-<k\ iblis (pi. .<j~JW 

Devilish, adj. ^J^a saitani-y. 
Devilment, Devilry, s. & * V»&fc 

saitana- 1. 
Devise, v. £*\ abda', yubdi' ; gx^\ 

ibtada', yabtadi* ; £f±\ ihtara', 

yahtari* ; y+*\ admar, yudmir. — 

{bequeath) ^** <**% ^j wassa li- 

ahad-in bi-£e-yin, yuwa8?i ; «-Al*. 

A*-*y hallaf bi-wasiya-t, yuhallif. 
Devoid, adj. ^U fadi ; Ji^ hali ; 

tj* farig. 
Devolve, v.a. Jy»- hawwal, yuhaw- 

wil ; n. J £*j waqa' li, yaqa*. 
Devote, v. j& nazar, yanzur, yan- 

zir; ^5^ ahda, yuhdi; pJu> 

qaddam, yuqaddim. 
Devoted, adj. (faithfully attached) 

<jeU^ muhlis. 
Devotee, *. **\) zahid ; «**^ 'abid ; 

*si-U nasik. 
Devotion, 8. (piety) **>W* 'ibada-t ; 

.***» ta'abbud ; &^o diyana-t ; 

**A~J nask, nisk, nusk. — (offec- 

tion) *Jy* mawadda-t ; hy** nda- 

Devoub, v. £t bala 4 , yabla' ; £^ 

ibtala 4 , yabtali'; y*T*^ iftaras, 

Devout, adj. .****• muta'abbid; 

«dUU nasik. 
Devoutness, s. ^ys taqwa; S^ 

taqawa-t ; 5»>W* 'ibada-t ; «£*— * 

Dew, *. ^j^ nada (pi. \<*\ anda\ 

^ andiya-t) ; Jt tall (pi. JU 

tilal, JU. tilal). 
Dewy, adj. <j<x nadi-y. 
Detxtebity, 8. Sj\kfc Sat»ra-t ; &M 

labaqa-t ; SjW* mahara-t. 
Dbxtbous, ad/, y^* satir; <J** 

labiq; <j«J labiq. 

Diabolic, Diabolical, adj. <jV*e± 

sai^ani-y. " V 

Diadem, 8. *t^e 'asAba-t (pi. s-4^* 

'asavib); JJW'iklii (pi. JJ^ 

akalil). Setv Crown. 
Diagonal, V. s->>$ warb (pi. v>\)^ 

aurabJV^;^ i± haft az-zawi- 

ya^t r 
Dj*€feitAL, at//. ^tt ^j (^ p~ te ~.*» 
''hp\) mustaqim inin zawiya-t ila 

Diagonally, adv. s^W bi-'l-warb. 
Diagram, b. tjy> sura-t (pi. jy> siir, 

§uwar, si war). 
Dial, 8. < * «.. ,* t k ac'ui sa'a-t samsi- 

ya-t; Ba#~i basita-t. — (of a 

watch) £cLJ\ A*. j wajh as-sa'a-t. 
Dialect, 8. aaJ luga-t (pi. «yUJ 

lugat, 0J*! lugun, ^ lugan) ; 

**** lugwa-t ; uy^ harf (pi. u^\ 

Dialogue, «. i«lUy« muhataba-t ; 

»;jW- mubawara-t; ^*^ hiwar; 

iiX« mukalama-t ; a>j»W« muha- 
. dasa-t ; ^^ tahaiuz. 
Diameter, *. j*> qatr, qutr (pi. 

jlLfl aqtar). 
Diametrical, ae^'. <j£i qa^ri-y. 
Diamond, 8. {m y^\ almas. 
Diaphragm, a. oaVi sahit. 
Diarrhea, «. JW-^ ishal; ^V- 

fc>WM sayalan al-ba|n ; (^W^ v»jj 

zarab al-ba|n. 
Diary, *. ^•^; roznama-t (Per«.) ; 

^**-6^ wadi 4 a-t (pi. ^^ wada'i 4 ). 
Dice, pi. of Die, q.v. 
Dictate, v. (command) y\ amar, 

ya'mur. — (a letter, &c.) <J* 

malla, yumalli ; ^y-^*^ amla, 

Dictation, *. %A imla' (pi. JU\ 

amalin, j^ amali). 
Dictator, 8. (commander) ^W 

ij^ hakim mu^laq (pi. j*^. 

Dictatorship, 8. l+£** hukuma-t ; 

f&\ k$) wilava-t al-amr. 
Diction, «. j»w\ ^«^ tahbir al- 

kalam ; ij\*z 'ibara-t. 
Dictionary, *. ^aU\ u*y*^* qamus 

al-luga-t (pi. u-e^y qawamis) j 

Digitized by 





&! s»l* .kitab luga-t (pi. s-^ 

kutub) ;•;••'•.. 

Die, v. (cetep'to live) oU mat, 
yamut; ^jy .'ttf^uff i, yutawaffa 
(pass. V.) ; *^\^. qada nahb- 
bu, yaqtfi. :./.. 

Die, 8. (pi. Dice) s^'ka'b (pi. 
v*^ ki'ab, v»y^ ku'j&ti).;, «j 
zaqa-t. — (pi. Dies) s^/^*. »id- 
rab. •* .'*• 

Diet, s. J*N jti^ tadbir al-akK 

Differ, v. (disagree) *-AJU. halaf, 
yuhalif ; o&JV** tahalaf, yataha- 
lafj «-Al*U ihtalaf, yahtalif.— 
(to be unlike) jiS** tagayar, yata- 

Difference, s. wjJ^xiA ihtilaf ; jh* 
farq. — (in subtraction) ^^ baqi. 

Different, oe(/. i-Ais^ niuhtalrf ; 
^Ux* mutagayir; jy ,»«■*** ben- 
hum farq. 

Difficult, adj. s-** sa'b (pi. vA**» 
si'ab) ; j-* 'asir ; ,*-~* 'asir. 

Difficulty, *. kj**> su'iiba-t ; ^~fc 
'usr. — (embarrassment) &^k bala- 
sa-t ; <3*-* diq. 

Diffidence, «. £$** subha-t (pi. 
«y\ -at, M» subah) ; ^ sakk 
(pi. d£± sukuk) ; ^^-^ istih- 

Diffident, adj. { j- 6 - * > sakki-y ; 
p by* mutawahhim ; ^y^a-* 

Diffuse, v. (pour out) s-**» sabb, 
ya?ubb; s-^- sakab, taskub. — 
(spread) y** naiar, yansur ; £^ 
asa', vu*i'. — (odours) c^ f&h> ya- 
ffil " 

DIFFUSE, adj. (not precise) Ja^» 

Diffused, adj. (scattered) y^** * 
muntas*ar ; jj-***** man£iir. 

FUSION, s. j\^^i\ intisar ; (^V^*- 
sayahan. — (of speech) ^ &N*\ 
r K3\'itala-t fi-'l-kalam. 

Diffusive, a lj. j .&. y %* muntasir. 

Diffusiveness, s. jU^i^\ W*VS 
qabiliya-t al-intisar. 

Dig, v. y^- fyd,fo,r, yafefir; <j*«** 
nabas, yanbus* ; f* qa'ar, yaq'ar ; 

qa"ar, yuqa"ir ; o^i fahat, yaf- 

Digest, v. (in the stomach) ^-4* 

hadam, yahdim ; haddam, yu- 

hadcjim. — (to arrange) fin naz- 

zam, yunazzim ; s-*j rattab, 

Digestible, adj. (+*&. yanhadim 

(3 aor.) ; (**&• raunhadim. 
Digestion, s. (*t*> hadin ; f\**&\ 

Digestive, adj. j*-&e*" muhdim; 

^Aft badum ; pUfc haddam. 
Dignify, v. %* 'azzaz, yu'azziz ; 

y\ a'azz, yu'izz. 
Dignitary, s. &^ s-*^ sahib 

wazifa-t (pi. vWel ashab) ; (^ 

s— oU*M v>V niin arbab al-mana- 

Dignity, «. (ranA;) ^>/« martaba-t 

(pi. s-3rt/» maratib) ; ^)^» man- 

zala-t (pi. Jj^ manazil) ; *-i^ 

saraf . — (o^ demeanour) &«* hai- 

ba-t ; ;VS^ waqar. 
Digress, v. *-ifA inharaf, yan- 

Digression, *. wi^^^ inhiraf; 

yAjS*] i*tirad. 
Digressive, adj. «-*^*» munharif . 
Dilapidate, v.a. s-»^ harab, yah- 

rib ; harrab, yuharrib ; f»^-^ 

hadam, yahdim. — (squander) 

<*Jte\ atlaf, yutlif ; n. ^/*\ in- 

harab, yauharih ; ^\ inhadam, 

Dilapidation, s. v>V» harab; 

p\A&\ inhidam. — (dissipation) 

J>«M tabzil. 
Dilate, v.a. g~j wassa ( , yuwassi* ; 

la--» bassat, yubassit; n. t— ?i\ 

imbasat, yambasi^. 
Dilatoriness, s. ^\f tawani. 
Dilatory, adj. <J>\*z* mutaba^i' ; 

^r* mutawani. 
Dilemma, s. S^ hira-t ; j<t^ ifeti- 

Diligence, s. *\&+\ ijtihad ; ^e^ 

jahd ; •M> taqayyud. 
Diligent, adj. <*&^" mujtahid ; 

^u muqayyad ; &** s-^^-» sahib 


Digitized by 





Dilute, v. J^ ball, yabull; g& 
naqa', yanqa' ; naqqa', yunaqqi'. 

Dilution, s. J*- hall; £g\y»tt J*- 
hall al-mawayi* ; £& naq'. 

Dim, adj. (dark) ^** mu'tim, mu- 
f attam ; fJ&" niuzlim. — (dim- 
sighted) )*A\ jf* qasir an-nazar ; 
J*tf kalil. 

Dim, v. fM azlam, yuzlim. 

Dimension, 8. **- sa'a-t; S\±z+\ 

Diminish, v.a. Jl* qallal, yuqallil ; 
^j& naqqas., yunaqqis ; y**> sag- 
gar, yusaggir ; y**^ babas, yab- 
has ; n. J* qall, yaqill ; «jatf 
naqas, yanqus. 

Diminution, 8. J*ltf taqlil; <ja» 


q\*& nuqsan. 

Diminutive, adj. je*~ ?agir (pi. 

jU* si gar, sugar) ; j~<* qasir. 
Diminutive, *. (in grammar) p~\ 

£■*+ ism musaggar ; jt**» tasgir. 
DlMINUTIVENES8, 8.^**sugr. 

Dimness, s. &*)i zulma-t. — (of 

sight) JK kalal. 
Dimple, s. (in the chin) Sj^ gur- 

za-t ; */& uuqra-t (pi. fi nuqar, 

jVa» niqar). — (in the cheek) 5)Wfc 

Din, 8. i»W* 'iyat ; £*-& dajja-t ; **j* 

Din, v. v>y» tawwaS, yutawwis\ 
Dine, v. ^i** tagazza, yatagazza. 
Din .in ess, 8. *♦& gulma-t; &+*& 

Dingy, adj. ^** mu'tim; ^» 

Dinner, s. \St giza' (pi. &t**\ agzi- 

Dint, *. Z+J> himma-t ; ^5*- sa'i. — 

(mark of a blow) &•*> da^a-t; 

&*± habta-t. 
Diocesan, 8. «-A&^ usquf (pi. toU^ 

Diocese, *. 2~Jb>ji\ abar£iya-t ; £**; 

&a-3\ ra'iva-t al- usquf a-t. 
Dip, v.a. <j-k gaftas, yugaftis ; n. 

cr^ gatas, yagtfs; j»^- gas, 

Diphtheria, 8. &^ bunaqa-t; 

jyU banuq ; jUa. hannaq. 

Diploma, 8. «^? barat (pi. «w^ 

barawat) ; ju~ sanad (pi. *>U-\ 

Diplomacy, 8. ctUU*tt oWW ^Jlc 

Ve-s«) 0-j* 'ilin istilahat al-raamalik 

ben ba'd-ba. 
Dire, Direful, adj. «*J ja** inuhaw- 

wif ; <-A*afc^ mubif ; Jj«* mahiil ; 

s-** fr * mabib. 
Direct, ad[/. (straight) ^u^ * mus- 

taqim. — (immediate) fla-^ j** (^» 

min gair wasi^a-t. 
Direct, v. (point out the way) **fl 

ar^ad, yursul ; ^ja bada, yahdi. 

— (manage) j* J babbar, yudabbir. 

— (address) (^* 'an wan, yu'an- 

Direction, s. (side) uj^ {araf (pi. 

u\jlA a^raf). — (guidance) *>^ 

irsad; ^5*** buda. — (manage- 

ment) jei<£ tadbir. — (address) 

g\f* 'unwan. 
Director, 8. (manager) j)±+ mu- 

dabbir; Ja^ hayil (pi. J/- 

hawal) ; £&*• munazir. 
Dirge, s. &fo walwala-t (pi. J^3^ 

Dirt, 8. £~j wasah (pi. t^ 

ausab) ; [j~qr najas. 
Dirtiness, 8. &A~j wisaha-t ; &~\^ 

Dirty, adj. ^-^ wasib ; £*y mu- 

wassah ; <j— r najis (pi. {j*W>\ 

Dirty, v. ^-^ wassab, yuwassih; 

(j-r najjas, yunajjis. 
D18-, (in composition) 7-*-** bi- 

gair ; <#J* bi-dun ; 3 la ; U ma ; 

p±* 'adam ; ^»^ 'adim. 
Disability, s. h^ ^ 'adam kafa- 

Disable, v.y*e\ a'jaz, yu'jiz. 
Disabuse, v. U*l\ *** J^ azal 'an- 

hu al-galat, yuzil. 
Disadvantage, s. ^Us} nuqsan ; 

(^j-^ husran ; tf darar. 
Disadvantageous, adj.y** mudirr ; 

jU darr; AA* *£ gair raufid. 
Disapfect, v. J* *^~±t\ agdab 'ala, 

yugdib ; tafc-*^ asbat, yushi^. 
Disaffected, adj. y t^-^» j+± 

Digitized by 





gair niabsftt niin ; v» c^*l) }** 8 a i r 
nidi bi ; ^ (jW-^ gacjban *ala. 
Disaffection, 8. Sya nafra-t ; Z*\/ 

karaha-t ; £*** bugda-t. 
Disagree, v. c-AXU. halaf, yuhalif ; 
Utfte* tahalaf, yatahalaf ; <-*k±\ 
ihtalaf, yahtalif. 
Disagreeable, adj. J^u^ gair 

maqbiil ; *)£" makriih. 
Disagreeableness, s. £&Ul»M p±& 

'ad am al-basiisa-t. 
Disagreement, «. U8&A ihtilaf; 

&JU-« muhalafa-t. 
Disallow, v. j& nakir, yankar; 
j&\ ankar, yunkir ; ^ haram, 
Disannul, v. JW baftal, yubaftil ; 

JM abtal, yubtil. 
Disappear, v. s-»^ gab, yagib ; 
{ J^\ ihtafa, yahtafi ; J^U^ id- 
inahall, yadmahill. 
Disappearance, 8. s-»W* gayab ; 

v>j** guyub ; J)U*-^ idmihlal. 
Disappoint, v. s-**» hayyab, yu- 

Disappointment, s. &*+** haiba-t. 
Disapproval, Disapprobation, 8. 
+f laum, loin ; &o zamma-t ; J&\ 
Disapprove, v. (blame) p*i zamm, 
yazumm ; ^ lam, yalum. — 
(reject) j&\ inkar, yankir; ff» 
harani, yah rim ; harim, yahram. 
Disarm, v. c^~-^ **\ ahaz as-silah, 
ya'huz ; ti~M &* qalla* as-silah, 
Disarmament, 8. t^~^ £** qal' as- 
Disarrange, v. s-^5 qalab, yaqlib ; 

W**J lahba£, yulahbi^. 
Disarrangement, 8. A-kA\ *** 
'adam an-nizam ; ^jS\ s^&&\ 
inqilab an-nizam. 
Disaster, s. h*>\<± dahiya-t (pi. 
^^ dawahi) ; *W«* musiba-t 
(pi. s-i^ masayib) ; £*1* bali- 
ya-t (pi. i>h balaya) ; Sja 3idda-t 
(pi. J^J* ^adayid). 
Disastrous, adj. ^^a* manhus ; 
f)3U>»* mai'um. 

Disavow, v. j& nakir, yankar ; 

jahad, yajhad. 
Disavowal, 8. J&\ inkar; 

Disband, v.a. jjiM atlaq, yutliq ; 
c^sAi £attat, yu^attit ; n. tj&»\ 
intalaq, yantaliq; **~±}\ insatt, 
Disbelief, s. f& kufr. — (denial of 
belief, mistrust) *>V&sc\ px& 'adam 
Disbelieve, v. (in a religious 
sense) f& kafar, yakfir; fi\ 
ankar, yunkir. — (refuse credit) 
•xfcc^ U ma i'taqad, ya'taqid. 
Disburden, v. {$* J-**»M Jy nazzal 
al-haml 'an, yunazzil ; g*> rafa% 
yarfa'; ^ haft, yahuft (both 
with the same construction). 
Disburse, v. uy» saraf, yasrif, 
yasruf; sarraf, yusarrif; &\j*A 
ahraj, yuhrij ; *-*& takallaf, ya- 
takallaf; <JM^ anfaq, yunfiq. — 
(advance) "tol— b^oe\ a*^ahu salaf- 
an, yu*ti-hu. 
Disbursement, *. 5^. harj ; «^;/* # 
masruf (pi. ^ij^» masarif). — 
(advance) «-AJL, galaf. 
Disc, s. ^f qurs (pi. ^jSft aqras, 
&*>/ qirasa-t); Z*j» qursa-t (pi. 
(j^ quras). 
Discard, v. />*> dai^ar, yudassir; 

(J*j rafad, yarfid, yarfud. 
Discern, v. (j* y*~ mayyaz min, 
yumayyiz ; ^i\ afraz, yufriz ; jy 
<j*i faraq ben, yafruq. — (per- 
ceive) ^ nagar, yanzur. 
Discernible, adj. j*>U» gahir ; jfi*~ 

manzur ; )rf>+ mafruz. 
Discernment, *. y*e+5 tamviz ; J«c 
*aql (pi. Jy^ 'uqul) ; i-y fara- 
Discharge, v. (unload) see Dis- 
burden. — (a gun) <j& $alaq, 
ya^luq; &-&\ a^laq, yutliq. — 
(dismiss) Jyc 'azal, ya'zil ; ^j^A 
a^iaq, yutliq. — (perform) J*** 
*amil, ya'mal. — (set free) jA** 
hallas, yuhallis ; <3*U a^laq, yut- 
Discharge, b. (flowing out) ($k&+ 

Digitized by 





sayalan. — (dismission) J^U iflaq; 

J>c 'azl. — (release) ^4^ tahlis ; 

j^ i'taq. — (in writing) Jl# 

ycStf- waraqa-t halas. — (of fire- 
arms) <j*\j* qirwas; £*.** s->/* 

darb madfa'. 
Disciple, s. ±#d5 talmiz (pi. J^Jfc? 

talaniiz, 5Wfc? talamiza-t). 
Discipline, s. (training) l&j tar- 

biya-t ; s-**>^ ta'dib. — (regula- 
tion) W-& <Jabt- — (punishment) 

ij^ac 4 uquba-t. — (mortification) 

**\ij riyada-t. 
Discipline, v. (train) ^ rabba, 

yurabbi ; s^ addab, yu'addib. 

—(regulate) W-* dabat, yadbij. — 

(chastise) tf~\* qas&s, yuqasis ; 

s-^ 'aqab, yu'aqib. 
Disclaim, v. j&\ ankar, yunkir. 
Disclose, v. «-&•*■* kaiaf, yak&f; 

kaisaf , yukassif ; j-&\ azhar, 

Disclosure, *. «-&-*•* ka^f; j\&\ 

Discolour, v. oj^ £~* fasah al- 

laun, yasfah ; Qfi\ ^ kaddar 

al-laun, yukaddir. 
Discolouration, *. gjltt j*tf tagay- 

yur al-laun. 
Discomfit, v. y~* kasar, yaksir ; tf* 

hazam, yahzim ; s-*l& galab, yag- 

Discomfiture, 8. p\y&\ inhizain; 

^-^kasra-t; £**y*«* maglubiya- 1. 
Discomfort, 8, iy~*- basra-t; ft 

gamm ; *v*j za'ja-t. 
Discommode, v. <J* J^ saqqal 

4 ala, yuiaqqil ; ^ <^y> sawwai 

'ala, yu£awwis\ 
Discompose, v. (disorder) \*j± har- 

ba$, yuharbit ; (j***- habag, yah- 

bis. — (agitate) «jb qallaq, yuqal- 

liq ; JXi\ aqlaq, yuqliq. 
DISCOMPOSURE, 8. v»tjM i<ftirab; 

W* balbala-t (pi. Jtfc balabil) ; 

<J*y&3 ta£wis\ 
Disconcert, v. u~S\* 'akas, y u'akis ; 

JW batfal, yubattil. 
Disconnect, v. Jo* hall, y ahull; 

J*** hallal, yuhallil ; J-»* fasal, 

yaffil ; «&U fakk, yaf ukk. 

Disconsolate, adj. ,JL^ S layata- 

salla; jU^N jy** maksur al- 

Discontent, v. s~*M agdab, yug- 

dib ; J°\± y~Z kasar ha$ir, yaksir. 
Discontent, *. UjN f±& 'adam ar- 

Discontented, adj. lj~ <»•;*& gair 

mabsut ; o*\> ;** g a i r r*4i« 
Discontinance, *. «--Aiy tawaqquf ; 

£U«art inqita* ; JU) zawal. 
Discontinue, v. gfisrt inqata', yan- 

qati* ; «-A* kaff, yakuff (both 

with &* 'an) ; (^ y farag min, 

Discord, *. jto* £iqaq ; &«* fitna-t ; 

^Jh^\ ihtilaf; ^iJ^y muhala- 

Discordance, *. see Discord. — (tn 

music) 8+*A\ ^xc 'adam an-nag- 

Discordant, adj. ijfty *** g air 

muwafiq ; «-A3U^ muhalif ; ^U* 

munafir. — (in music) ^UaJ\ ^j* 

*adim an-naguia-t. 
Discount, *. &***>) wacli'a-t (pi. 

$S*P wadayi*) ; (jjUtt nuqsan ; 

tUu( isqat;. 
Discount, v. ^V ^^ 'amal 

darahim, yu'amil. 
Discountenance, v. *>j radd, ya- 

rudd ; &* mana', yamna*. 
DiscouRAOE, v. (dishearten) a^- 

hammad, yuhammid; *+±\ ah- 

mad, yuhmid. — (intimidate) ^Jf- 

hawwaf, yuhawwif. 
Discouragement, s. *>y+± humud. 

— (intimidation) «-A*j*r tahwif ; 

a***** tahdid. 
Discourse, s. (conversation) f& 

kalam ; IMs** muhafaba-t ; S^X* 

muzakara-t. — (speech) it^ hut- 

ba-t (pi. s-Ja*- hutab). — (treatise) 

fiL.^ risala-t (pi. J«^ rasayil). 
Discourse, v. <±>J^r tahaddag, ya- 

tahaddas; f&s takallam, yata- 

Discourteous, adj. ^>^\ JJU qalil 

adab; i-i3\ J*U qalil al unsa-t ; 

s-^^ jt£ (^* min ger wajib. 
DiscouRTEST, s, s^^ &* qilla-t 


Digitized by 




adab ; *~i\ &* qilla-t unsa-t ; *U 
s-«*^ qilla-t wajib. 
Discover, v. (reveal) j$\ azhar, 
yuzhir ; «JUtf kasaf , yakSif. — 
(find out) *+) wajad, yajid ; g^\ 
abda', yubdi'. 
Discoverer, s. *A) wajid; £f**" 

muhtari'; wiU^ka^saf. 
Discovery, s. (invention) *^Wi 
ijad; gift* ihtira'; £W ibda*. 
— (revealing) j&\ izhar; *-*USi\ 
inkiSaf ; J&Skaif. 

Discredit, 8. )\***\ (*±* 'adam i'ti- 
bar ; J&±\ i^tiqar ; <^y* hawan. 

Discredit, v. (not to believe, doubt) 
jxo U ma saddaq, yus addiq ; 
<j* ctU sakk fi, yasukk. — (dis- 
grace) &-*/> y*£ kaaar 'irdhu, yak- 
sir; £<** fadah, yafdah ; e«*j *>j~ 
sawwad wajh-hu, yusawwid. 

Discreditable, adj. ^^ fains" ; 
j-aU ftUJilj. 

Discreet, ac?/. (prudent) J-*^ 
'aqil (pi. 3to 'uqala') ; jt*** s-^U 
sahib tadbir (pi. s^W^ ashab). — 
(mode**) v>^ s-^ sahib adab 
v>*>*y« mu'addab. — (keeping i 
secret) j~*tt pfX katum as-sirr 
qgA amin. 

Discrepancy, *. u>k&\ ihtilaf 
v3/ farq. 

Discrepant, adj. cJdsa^ muhtalif 
jj\az* mutagayir; <j&*" muna- 

Discretion, *. (prudence) J&* 
'aql ; *;*-* basira-t ; y**+S tamyiz. 
— (liberty of action) j**x*»\ ihti- 
yar ; U^y* tasrif . 

Discretionary, adj. tg^*^ ihti- 
yari-y ; J^ mu^laq. 

Discriminate, v. j/ faraz, yafriz ; 
&* ye* mayyaz min, yumayyiz ; 
^ j/ faraq ben, yaf ruq. 

Discrimination, *. yt*** tamyiz; 
)jt farz ; )\/\ ifraz. 

Discus, s. see Disc. 

Discuss, v. JjW tadawal, yatada- 
wal; /\& tazakar, yatazakar; 
e^cp balsas, yabhas ; «a^W balsas, 

Discussion, s. ^/^ fah§; go^tf 


tafathuf; **-*: bahs ; L-icX** 
Disdain, v. /* feaqar, yabqir; 
haqqar, yu^aqqir ; yu^\ iljtaqar, 
yaljtaqir; yw«^ istahqar, yas- 
ta^qir; <^ aMn, yuhin. 
Disdain, s. jVas^ ihtiqar; <$y> 

hawan ; & W ihana-t. 
Disdainful, adj. / * **»» • mustaliqir. 
— (jwoiwi) t*^^ mutakabbir ; 
^yu magrur. 
Disease, «. o*/» mar<J (pi. u*y»\ 
auirad) ; &* 4 illa-t (pi. j* 'ilal) ; 
W da'' (pi. \ } *\ adwa'). 
Diseased, ad;. t u*4/* mari<j. (pi. 
^^ manja); Je** 'alii; *-***-* 
da'if (pi. tou* (Ju^fa*). 
Disembark, v.a. s-*/*tt ef* 5j*^ 
ahraj min al-markab, yuhrij ; n. 
*^SjS\ 0^ git tala' min al-mar- 
kab, ya^la*. 
Disembowel, v. {jfafi <J* saqq al- 

ba^n, ya^uqq. 
Disen chant, v. j+~R J°" t a ll *&- 
sihr, ya^ull ; >^-J^ **^* fakk as- 
si^ri yafukk. 
Disencumber, v. <-***■ haffaf, yu- 

haflif ; ,jd*- hallaf , yuhallis. 
Disengage, v. (free) <j^ hallas, 
yuhallis. — (loose) tsU fakk, ya- 
fukk ; > hall, yahull. 
Disengaged, adj. (at leisure) £>* 

farig.— (free) J^ mutahalli. 
Disengagement, s. ^^- hulus ; 

Afc\y faraga-t. 
Disentangle, v. J^ hall, yahull ; 

ceU fakk, yafukk. 
Disfiguration, s. g**M tabsi*. 
Disfigure, v. &* bai^aS yubaisi* ; 

C-fi qabba^t, yuqabbi^. 
Disgorge, v. (vomit) 0^ nataq, 
yantuq; t)**~* istafrag, yasta- 
Disgrace, *. (being out of favour) 
Jy* 'azl; Wy tu'aba-t; SjU 
nazila-t. — (cause of shame) s-*«* 
'aib (pi. v>^ 'uyub) ; ^ *ar ; 
0«Ai 6ain ; A^^u mafdaha-t. 
Disgrace, v. (^raJ 0^ of favour) 
b]n 0^ U~\ asqat min nazarhu, 
yuskit ; Jj* 'azal, ya'ziL— (bring 

Digitized by 





reproach upon) **k* hatak, yah- 

tik; j** 'ayyar, yu'ayyir; ^ 

fadah, yaf<Jah. 
Disgraceful, adj. &** $ani* ; £«i 

qabih; vj«** ma'yiib; C"-*A* 

Disguise, v. fi nakkar, yunakkir ; 

u*^ labbas, yulabbis. 
Disguise, *. j&5 tanakkur; p&5 

tankir; ***** tahfiya-t. 
Disgust, s. <Jj> qaraf ; Z*&\£ kara- 

hiya-t ; Sy» naf ra-t. 
Disgust, v. *-iji qarraf, yuqarrif ; 

v-i^i\ aqraf, yuqrif ; /* naffar, yu- 

Dish, *. (vessel) <^-> sahn (pi. 

Qj*,* euhun); Jj* tabaq (pL 

jL_,U afbaq); *-***-» ?ahifa-t 

(pi. *-iW-> j*il?af ). — (food) r UL 

{a'am (pi. &+*^\ afima-t, uwUUL 

Dishearten, v. sJ ^ kasar 

al-qalb, yaksir; **»-*M ahmad, 

Dishevel, 0. y**\ ai'an, yus'in. 
Dishonest, adj. &U!N J*i* qalil 

al-amana-t; &»te*~t h bila isti- 

qama-t ; ^J^ ^ gair §alih ; }&• 

makkar ; <>Vfc ga&L 
Dishonesty, s. &^ hiyana-t; &* 

L*&\ qilla-t az-zimma-t. 
Dishonour, s. s-**c <aib (pi. s->j** 

«uyub) ; >c <ar; *W* fadiha-t. 
Dishonour, v. £<&* fadah, yaf dah ; 

*m \ *sa hatak, yahtik ; f- 'arr, 

ya'irr ; o^» san, yasin. 
Dishonourable, adj. s^-*"*""" 

ma'yub; c^VAfa^ife; <jt-ai fahis. 
Disinclination, *. l*\f karaha-t ; 

fyi nafra-t. 
Disincline, v. /i naffar, yunaffir ; 

*f karrah, yukarrih. 
Disingenuitt, *. ,j©)U1N p*z 'adam 

al-ihlas; jU* nifaq, nafaq; *£• 

makr; &**J* hadi'a-t (pi. #W 

Disingenuous, adj. v3 J ^» 7** fi^ir 

f adiq ; j^» makkar. 
Disinherit, v. ±>jt\ &*f* haram-hu 

al-irs, yabrim-hu; *-fy** ^»* 

qa{a' mirag-hu, yaqta'. 

Disinheritance, s. *d>\^\^U qaf 

Disinter, v. y^ naba£, yambuS ; 

yj>j$\ ($- &/A akraj min al-ar4, 

Disinterested, adj. j*/&\ ^ac 

'adim al-garad. 
Disinterestedness, s. ,>j*N p** 

'adam al-garad. 
Disjoin, v. «3/ faraq, yafruq ; J-* 

fa?al, yaffil. 
Disjoint, v. **Vi fakk, yafukk ; £*» 

halla, yuhalli'. 
Disjunction, s. jV 4 ^ ^ tiraq ; jfy* 

firaq ; J^-«A^ infi§al. 
Disjunctive, adj. JUArt infisali-y. 
Disjunctive, s. (in grammar) *Jf* 

J-a* harf-u fasl-in. 
Dislike, *. *l*\f karaha-t ; i\£s~\ 

istikrah ; S/> nafra-t. 
Dislike, v. /*s~A istanfar, yastan- 

fir ; fij£u\ istakrah, yastakrih. 
Dislocate, v. «*** fakk, yafukk ; 

gl^ halla', yuhalli'. 
Dislocation, *. gj*^ tahli'; £± 

(J*&\ hal ( al-'azm. 
Dislodge, v. jJ* tarad, yatrad ; 

^ naf a, yanfi; &/»\ ahraj, 

Disloyal, adj. &\± hayin; (*)\f*- 

hawwan ; j*>U gadir. 
Disloyalty, *. fo\t£> hiyana-t ; ^ 

Dismal, adj. (gloomy) ji^ kadir; 

j*£* mukaddir ; pk+ mugimm. — 

(horrible) Jj«* mahul; c-d^afe^ 

muhif; £/" mufazzi'; ij~-y 

Dismantle, v. (strip) ^ Wallah, 

yusallit- — (a town or fortress) 

fJA hadam, yahdim. 
Dismay, *. g>> jaza' ; *Jf- hauf ; 

$* faza' (pi. fy\ afza*) ; 8p» 

hira-t ; Jy^ haul (pi. J\yfe\ ah- 

wal) ; JVajj\ indihal. 
Dismay, t;. *-i^- hawwaf, yuhaw- 

wif; gy fazza', yufazzi'; Jaj\ 

adhal, yudhil ; <j&j*j\ adhal, 

Dismember, v. c/» sarralj, yusar- 

Digitized by 




rib; «M qatta', yuqatti'; ,U 

fawal, yufassil. ^ 

Dismiss, v. Jjy* 'azzal, yu'azzil; 

jfdttiar, yudas&r; jIU atlaq, 

Dismissal, ,. J>* 'azl; Jjytf ta'zil; 

;•*•» tadsir. 
Dismount, *.». Jy nazal, yanzil . 

0-+f tarajjal, yatarajjal; a. 
(throw off) tr J\ y* <3i qalal> 
«an as-sarj, yaqlib ; y»,« J* vy 
karkab Ua 'l-artf, yukarkib.- 
(rmows /row a stand, &c.) Jj 
nazzal, yunazzil. 

Disobedience, ». &U. ^ <adam 
ta'a-tj UIW. muhalafa-t; ^U 
isyAn', 'usyAn ; jJto ' uq a q . 

Disobedient, «#. ^u. ^ ga ir 

%\; u4JU- nmbalif; jW^aq 
(pl. «* 'aqaqa-t, fcM a'iqqa-t) I 
jyaqfiq; ^le'ati. ™ '' 
Disobey, ». uilU. halaf, yuhalif; 
«* .j*" 'a»a <ala, ya'si ; j* «aqq< 
ya'uqq. " 

DlSOBUQE, ». 0<y«J\ iUiMU, 

•amil ma'hu qUla-t al-ma'rSf 

DlSOBLIOINO, adj. >Jtful\ ^jj. 

'adim'ruf; jkuT^t gair 
nais/U j o^\ ^ wa . r atfna&f . 
Disoedee, «. ( Wan < o/ o«fer) ^ 
r . » adttm <">.nizam; >L* 
Wr»J\ <adain at-tartib; 4»*»t 
f*f ™P**b an-nijam; fl^ 
JibMa-t; ^y. i &w&i .-(indis. 
Portion) utoyU taswis. 

W labbat, yulahbit. 
Uisoedbbuness, «. fcju. feala'a-t 

at-tartib, yu'dim; ,\kdt ^. 
Jjarab z ft m , yahrub. 

S "•^ , ank «.~yunkir ; /to- 
te, tanikar, yatanakar; .w iahad 

D ^jM ; ^bala-,y'ah1at 3tad ' 

qTr ^r^^W^aq- 

!^^qir EHT ''^ taD ^ U8 ' 

Dispassionate, adj. fj*~ ^ g«r 
mugram; f^^H r j.i^ t^ 
al-garam.--(mi7i) ^-L halim.- 
(without partiality, just) »-■*■» 
Dispatch, r. see Despatch. 
Dispel, t\ «~a sattat, Yuiattit; 

•>* baddad, yubaddid. * 

Dispensary, #. i^Jt e ^ dukkin 

al-adwija-t (pL ^^lij dakikin). 

Dispensation, s . (distribution) 

vJ*;* tafriq; r ■ S taqsim.— 

(exemption) ,-** *affi (<afw); 

v~UU* mu 4 afat— (of Providence) 

« W- i qisma-t. 

Dispense, r. (<ieai oni) ^-J qasam, 

yaqsim ; ^ j^ faiTaq 'ala, ju- 

farriq; gj^ wazza', juwazzi'.— 

(exempt) #* ^ a f a 'an, ju'fi. 

Disperse, v.a. vs-ja sattat, yusat- 

tit; j^a bazzam, yuhazzim; ys 

lasar, yangur: n. ss^ii\ insatt, 

yanjiatt; r ^-«.^ inLazam, yan 


Dispersion, «. oU satat ; i^-.- A ? 

tastit; r y^ inhizam; J& niskr. 

Dispirit, t;. s-W\ ^kasar al-qalb, 

I yaksir. 

I Displace, v. gls qaila 4 , yuqalli'; 
J» naqal, yanqul. 
Displacement, a. J* naql. 
Display, v. (expand) ^ nasar, 
yangur; L~i basat, yabsu* ; J^i 
farai, yafru^.— (exhibit) ^\ aia, 
yuri ; j£\ azhar, yuzbir. 
Display, « >r u na^r; ; W i 2 hA r . 
Displease, v. lit\ agag, yugiz. 
Displeasure, «. ^i qahr; .V§»\ in- 

Disposal, s. u^ tasarruf. 
Dispose, t;. (arrange) ^ nasam, 
yanzim ; nagzam, yunazgim ; 
s-*; rattab, yurattib ; ^ j dabbar, 
yudabbir.— (incline) s-^ ; raggab, 
yuraggib; J-. mayyal, yumay- 
yil. — (give away, sell) «Jj— ? ta^ar- 
raf, yata?arraf ; £l* ba*, yabi*. 

5f° M T. Iolr ' f • (or ^ v -^/ *»• 

tib ; j,Utf ni 2 ,tm ; ^ehaF tanzim.— 
(/mww 0/ wincf) eV mizai (pl 
«*H amzija-t); f^ t ib a * ; i4U 

Digitized by 





$abi'a-t (pi. &\ -at, $\£ $aba- 

Dispossess, v. ^ haram, yahrim ; 

<y j±\ ahaz min, ya'huz ; $^A 

ahraj, yuhrij. 
Dispbopobtion, 8. s *-WJ\ dlj qil- 

la-t at-tanasub. 


gair muhandam; jfxx^ ^j* 

'adim al-i'tidal; s-**^\ ^jkc 

'adim at-tanasub. 
Disprove, v. J* ^ radd 'ala, 

Disputation, 8. *£-<*: bahe ; &a*W* 

mubahasa-t ; a3jI^» mujadala-t. 
Dispute, v. J^W jadal, ynjadil ; 

^ e^ bahas 'an, yubahis. 
Disqualification, s. y+z 'ajz ; ^ 

*»^ 'adam liyaqa-t ; &U£ ^ 

'adam kifaya-t. 
Disqualify, v.^v^ a'jaz, yu'jiz. 
Disquiet, 17. Jk qallaq, yuqalliq ; 

Jdi qalqal, yuqalqil. 
Disquiet, Disquietude, 8. JM* 

balbal (pL J>^ balabil) ; J^yts 

JW^X taswis al-bal; &Sl* qalqa- 

Disquisition, 8. u a^ fahs ; {j^js 

tafahfcus ; gV^sM imtihan ; <J~>s*5 

Disbeoaed, v. JiU? tagafal, yata- 

gafal; <#W tabawan, yataha- 

DiSBEOABD, 8. JiU? tagaful ; j\te*\ 

ihtiqar ; ^yfc hawan. 
Disbelish, 8. sJf qaraf. 
Disrelish, v. **J/s taqarraf, yata- 

qarraf; *j&~\ istakrah, yastak- 

Di8Bbputable, adj. £**" mufcjih ; 

Disrepute, 8. j\* 'ar ; A^au maf- 

daha-t (pi. c*^* mafadih). 
Disrespect, s. pV^ ^* qilla-t al- 

Disbespectful, adj. f^W* ^ gair 

Disruption, *. j-£ kasr (pi. jy~* 

Dissatisfaction, *. UjN p±* 'adam 


Dissatisfy, v. tte\ agaz, yugig ; 

^bj\ U ma arda, yurdi. 
Dissect, v. tj* 3arrah, yusarrih. 
Dissection, 8. &}>&>* tasrih. 
Dissector, 8. ty*** musarrih. 
Dissemble, v. <J*U nafaq, yunafiq ; 

^ rayya, yurayyi; J\j m'a, 

yurai ; ^;W dfira, vudari. 
Disseminate, v. ^J\ azra, yuzri ; 

jk bazar, yabzur; y& nasar, 

Dissemination, 8. y*J na^r. 
Dissension, *. &Jli*» muhalafa t. 
Dissent, 8. wJjta^t ihtilaf . 
Dissent, v. <-Ato tahalaf, yata- 

halaf ; oMaU ihtalaf, yahtalif . 
Dissebtation, s. &L,j risala-t (pi. 

^ -at, J*Uj rasayil). 
Disseveb, v. ^loi qa|a', yaqta* ; 

qattaS yuqa^i 4 . 
Dissimilar, adj. &*l£* ^i gair 

musfibih ; <-Al^« muhtalif. 
Dissimilabity, 8. &-e?U^3\ j«J^ 

'adam al - musabaha-t ; *-fl*±\ 

Dissimulation, s. ^ riya' ; ^Ui 

nafaq ; &+&* tahtima-t." 
Dissipate, v. u*1s\ atlaf, yutlif ; 

j^i bazzar, yubazzir; uy*\ asraf, 

yusrif ; j^ ba'zaq, yuba*ziq. 
Dissipation, 8. J> V tabzil ; wJ^\ 

israf.— (vice) *>U-i faskd ; ^j-^ 

fisq ; J^--i f usuq. 
Dissolute, adj. «£U$i* munhamik ; 

*-U fasid ; ^-U f Asiq. 
Dissoluteness, *. csJU^J^ inbimak ; 

*>V~i fasad ; J-J fisq. 
Dissolution, s. ^ hall ; v>j»> ?ub ; 

^-i fash ; £*~tf tafsih ; '(>« 

naqd. — (death) wy maut. — (of 

an assembly) JIM inhilal. 
Dissolve, v. (melt) ^ hall, yahull ; 

^r>^ zawwab, yuzawwib. — (break 

up) JW battal, yubattil; JL>\ 

abial, yubtil. 
Dissolvent, adj. JU* muballil; 

s-»^ mu?awwib. 
Dissonance, *., Dissonant, adj. 

see Discobd, Discobdant. 
Dissuade, v. q& g^ rajja' 'an, 

Digitized by 





yurajji'; 0* &* mana' 'an, 

yamna' ; (^ j>j radd 'an, yarudd. 
Dissuasion, *. &>W» mumana'a-t. 
D18TAFP, s. Ay*+ migzal (pi. JjU* 

magazil) ; &> rukka-t. 
Distance, 8. *** bu'd ; &U*» masa- 

fa-t ; ij#~" masira-t j s^* haub, 

Distance, v. Oh— sabaq, yasbuq. 
Distant, adj. ±**i ba'id (pi. \**i 

bu'ada') ; <*«Vi qa§i ; tjl* nazi^. 
Distaste, «. *y\ ikrah ; *-i^ qaraf . 
Distasteful, adj. *#&• makruh ; 

uyu muqarrif. 
Distemper, s. <>/• mard (pi. u*V* 

amracj) ; ^yk* ta£wis\ 
Distend, v. g~j wassa', yuwassi' ; 

,J>]* 'arrad, yu'arrid; ±+ madd, 

Distention, a. i"e~*> tabsit ; £*-/ 

tausi'; <jkf* ta'rid ; *rt.xxM im- 

Distich, *. c^trf bait (pi. «yl<^ 

Distil, v.a. ^»5 qaftar, yuqaftir ; 

g^ ahraj, yuhrij ; n. ^i qajar, 

yaqtur ; a. and n. iatt naqqat, 

Distillation, 8. )£ qatr ; jje& 

taq^ir ; y\jtei qa^aran ; g>/=* tah- 

Distiller, *. j^a* qaftar; ttf* 

cSj*^ harraj al-'ambari. 
Distinct, ad;, (different) o^ afe* 

muhtalif ; ;-**-**• mutagayir ; 

(^Ws* mutabayin. — Separated) 

J-6a* munfa?il ; ^a** mu'ayyan. 

— (cZear) c*^» 9 arih ; ^ zahir ; 

C**j wacjih. 
Distinction, *. (difference) yt*+* 

tamyiz; )\jk\ ifraz; Jjj* farq.— 

(preference) J*-atf tafdil. 
Distinctness, «. (clearness) c^ 

idah ; ^^* saraha-t ; (^W bayan. 
Distinguish, v. ^ y#* mayyaz 

min, yumayyiz ; tf faraz, yaf riz ; 

{$** ,3^ faraq ben, yafruq. — (give 

preference) ^ ji* faddal 'ala, 

Distort, v. tf barram, yubarrim ; 

<£$ lawwa, yulawwi; J** fattal, 

yufattil. — (words) s-^ qalab, 

Distortion, 8. \y&\ iltiwa; t\f*\ 

Distract, v. (divert) ^^ laha, yu- 

lahi ; ^a- sahba, yusahhi. — 

(perplex)^ fcayyar^ yufcayyir; 

^y* iawwai, yu6awwis\ 
Distracted, adj. vHjt** hairan ; 

s-A- salib ; \j*y*>" mu^awwai. 
D18TRACTEDNES8, s. (perplexity) 

J^yi* taiwis; 8^ hira-t; ^y**- 

Distraction, s. (absence of mind) 

JJfctt c^Uai £attat al-'aql. 
Distress, 8. &*& nakba-t; l*£~~> • 

maskana-t ; &*-* 4iqa-t ; /* f uq ; 

So* 6idda-t ; s^* karb. 
Distress, t;. f*t\ agamm, yugimm ; 

5^^ 'akkar hatir-hu, yu'ak- 

kir ; &y*\ ahzan, yuhzin ; j^ 

akdar, yukdir. 
Distressing, adj. ?*• mugimm ; 

jjSJ* mukaddir ; o>^* niuhzin. 
Distribute, v. f*~* qasam, yaqsim; | 

qassam, yuqassim; J./ farraq, j 

yufarriq; tj) wazza', yuwazzi* \ 

(all with J^ 'ala). , 

Distribution, s. tys tafriqa-t; | 

l+t-JS taqsim ; &jf tauzi'. 
District, s. h^ wilaya-t; 5*^Vft* j 

Distrust, *. ^H* tahma-t ; *«^ 

subha-t; «^ gakk (pi. %*5y^ 

^ukiik) ; o\^-^ istihwan. 
Distrust, v. yfi^ istahwan, yas- 

tahwin; if (j*^-^ istahras 

min, yastahris ; J* f*f tawah- 

haui fi, yatawahham. 
Distrustful, adj. ^^ zanun. 
Disturb, v. (disquiet) j^ kaddar, 

yukaddir; ^A**» iawwai, yusAw- 

wi^ (both with J* 'ala); v3** 

qallaq, yuqalliq ; vi- 15 ^ aqlaq, 

yuqliq. — (disorder) W^ lahba^, 

Disturbance, s. »>J^» takdir ; *-«* 

fitna-t; ^ siqla-t; s-»^^^ i^ti- 

Disunion, «. jVa^ siqaq ; A«* fit- 

Digitized by 





na-t ; yVx* munafara-t ; oiU. 
hilf , half ; jV^ iftiraq. 

Disunite, v.a. j^ faraq, yafruq; 
J-i fasal, yaffil ; n. j/>\ infaraq, 
yanfariq ; J-^ infasal, yanfasil. 

Disuse, *. JWju-!M ^ac 'adam al- 
ls ti'mal ; S->US\ <&f tark al'ada-t. 

Disuse, t?. SjUH JW baftal al- 
'ada-t, yubaUil ; W«N ^/ tarak 
al-'ada-t, yatruk. 

Ditch, *. JJ^- handaq (pi. j*>Ua. 
hanadiq); Sj-^ hafira-t (pi. 
^>Ua- hafayir). 

Ditty, *. ^ gina; ***^ ugniya-t 
(pi. ^^l agani) ; **** gauniya-t 
(pi. ^Lfc ganani) ; §y muw- 
wai (pi. J>jV* mawawil). 

Diurnal, adj. ^j-"*-* yaumi-y, 

Divan, *. q\j>* diwan, daiwan (pi. 
[•ytfo* dawawin, q*^ dayawin). 

Dive, v. v±& ga$as, yagfcis ; ^te 
gas, yagus. 

Diver, 8. ^^ gatjas ; ^\j* gaw- 

Diverge, t?. Uf&\ inharaf, yan- 
harif ; £* sa", yasr' ; acW* ta- 
ba'ad, yataba'ad. 

Divers, adj. (sundry) {j*i ba'd. 

Diverse, adj. (different) cAlsafc* 
muhtalif ; fS**» mutagayir. 

Diversify, v. yA gayyar, vugay- 
yir ; J»M baddal, yubaddil ; &± 
fa a nan, yufannin ; £y nawwa', 

Diversion, *. (turning aside) u\f*\ 
inhiraf ; & * Um« mu^agala-t. — 
(amusement) &/» tafarruj ; **f 

Diversity, 8. uh&\ ihtilaf; Jj* 
farq ; «wjte taf awut ; <jJ& tafan- 

Divert, v. (turn aside) <***\ ab'ad, 
yub'id ; U^ harraf, yuharrif ; 
Uj~ $araf, yasrif (all with ^ 
'an). — (amuse) ,J~ salla, yu- 
salii; <Jj\ anas, yu'anis ; e^ 
farraj, yufarrij. 

Divest, v. £** iallah, yusallih ; 
^p 'arra, yu'arri. 

Divide, v. f+~* qasam, yaqsum ; 

qassam, yuqassim ; fa zawwa', 

Dividend, s. (share) &«. hissa-t 

(pi. <>*»* hisas) ; s-**-* nasib (pi. 

\^d\ ansiba', &**>\ ansiba- 1). — 

(in arithmetic) f*y** maqsum). 
Divination, s. s-~*H (J& *ilm al- 

gaib ; J^j ramal ; &^£ kihana-t. 
Divine, v. JW ^s* fatah al-fal, 

yaftah ; C**N up 'arraf al- 

gaib, yu'arrif; <ji& takahhan, 

Divine, adj. ^^ ilahi-y. 
Diviner, s. u\p 'arraf (pi. b\p 

'arrafa-t) ; JU; rammal ; £»V* 

jUtt fatih al-fal. 
Divinity, a. **\ (5») ilah (pi. fy\ 

aliha-t) ; «yy^^ lahut. — (theology) 

«*yfcW ^ 'Um al-lahiit. 
Divisibility, *. j»^ SJ\ inkisam ; 

^wjuJ\ (;)^*^ imkan at-taqsim. 
Divisible, adj. ^— ^ yanqasim. 
Division, *. fJ~* qasm (pi. f\~*\ 

aqsam) ; y+ juz (pi. ^T ajza') ; 

J-i fasl (pi. J|** fu§ul).— (in 

arithmetic) f *#~8 taqsiui; ^U-J5 

qisma-t. — (separation) v54/* taf- 

riq. — (disunion) Wk&\ ihtilaf. 
Divisor, *. (in arithmetic) f*~^ 

qagim ; *J^ j»^-A« maqsum *ale- 

Divorce, a. j^ talaq ; (3*^ tatliq. 

— (6y «n#A of the wife) £*k 

Divorce, v. <J& tallaq, yu^alliq ; 

(jlU a^laq, yu^liq. 
Divulge, v. j6* ^ahhar, yu^ahhir ; 

^\ aShar, yushir; &*> ^ayya', 

yu^ayyi* ; £^ asa*, yu^i*. 
Dizziness, s. ^*> dauha-t, doha-t. 
Dizzy, adj. #V.> dayih. 
Do, i;. J** 'amil, ya'mal ; J«i fa'al, 

Docile, adj. (*)*A\ J*Vi qabil at- 

ta'liin. — (obedient) &U* t a yi*- 
Docility, *. &J*^\ M<^ qabiliya-t 

at-ta*lim ; &ML ^a*a-t. 
Dock, *. W* mina' (pi. o^^ ma " 

want, <£#+ miyan) ; &£~\ iskala-t 
(pi. J*^ asakil) ; ^ bxm\. 
Dock, v. i**A\ <J J**rt adhal fi-'l- 

Digitized by 





mina', yudhil. — (lop off) gti 

qata', yaqta'. 
Doctor, s. (scholar) fJ\* 'alim (pi. 

UA* «ulama) ; #J** mu'allim. — {of 

law 8) <M* faqih (pi. \#& fuqaha'). 

— (physician) (**£** hakim (pi. 

U£e» hukamiV) ; s-^J» Jabib (pi. 

WU atibba'). 
Doctrinal, adj. {mS -*A* 'ilmi-y; 

^j**!** ta'limi-y. 
Doctrine, 8. ^*1*> ta'lim (pi. ^W 

ta/aliin) ; h— *>$* mazhab (pi. 

s-jfc\.i* mazahib) ; SjicU qa'ida-t 

(pi. J^y> qawa'id). 
Document, s. &+&■ hujja-t (pi. £%*» 

bujaj) ; J*- si j ill (pi. i*^e- 

Doe, a. &K* gazala-t. 
Dog, s. s-J^ kalb (pi. v>^ kilab). 
Dog, v. *>^» tarad, yatrad; s-*a*> 

ta'aqqab, yata'aqqab. 
Dog-days, 8. )f*^\ fkH ayyam al- 

bahur ; \jfJJi bahura' ; ^^\ f\t\ 

ayyam as-si'ra. 
Dogged, adj. «yy*** mu'afrat ; <**** 

Doggedne8S, 8. £-JL-t basala-t ; 

SjtfU* mu'anada-t ; *>Uc «inad. 
Dog-star, a. ^5;** sl'ra. 
Dogma, *. S»xc\i qa'ida-t (pi. ^\y 

qawavid) ; 8jUfcx\ i'tiqada-t ; ^yVi 

qanun (pi. <j*j \ji qawanin) ; J*\ 

l$id\ asl ad-din (pi. J^ usul). 
Dogmatic, Dogmatical, adj. (posi- 
tive) ^5*^ hukmi-y ; p^&- Ji at- 
tain. — (overbearing) o^*s* mu- 

Dogmatics, *. fte ^lc 'ilm kalam. 
Dogmatise, v. p**- hatam, yah- 

Dole, s. (alms) &•** s adaqa-t ; fa .,. .* 

hasana-t. — (portion) s-*-»* nasib 

(pi. &**»\ ansiba-t) ; ^— * qism 

(pi. pV-~i\ aqsam). 
Dole, v. ^ wazza', yuwazzi*. 
Doleful, adj. ^j^ hazin (pi. V^ 

huzaruV) ; y^'f* haznan ; jj~-£* 

^»UJ\ males ur al-ha^ir ; f+z** mug- 

Dolefulne88, ». ^ gamm ; ^y* 

huzn, hazan ; vy karb. 

Doll, s. **** lu'ba-t (pi. 

Dollar, *. ^— * y\ abu nasr ; s-*l* ^ 

abu kalb ; J^j riyal. 
Dolorous, adj. py** magna um ; 



w ^ — .- 

Dolphin, s. J«i)tj darfil; Je^a 

danfil ; fl* y\ abu salam ; <j*«a~S 

Dolt, s. &**\ ahmaq (pi. <j*»> 

humuq, jU^ himaq, &c.) ; ,3/^ 

ahraq (pi. j^ hurq) ; &*£& hu- 

Domain, s. *stt* milk, mulk (pi. 

dU\ amlak). 
Dome, *. &** qubba-t (pi. s-^5 

qubab); aad. huSsa-t (pi. (jt-i*. 

Domestic, adj. (belonging to the 

house) ^s*} baiti-y. — (tame) {j~ti\ 

anis; (j*y^* ma'niis; U^^« mu- 

wallaf ; ^yw baituti-y. — (not 

foreign) ^J±\*> dahili-y. 
Domestic, *. f\<*» haddam; p*\± 

hadim (pi. p\<*» huddam). 
Domesticate, v. &L> tabba*, yu- 

tabbi* ; u~>\ annas, yu'annis ; 

*-&) wallaf, yuwallif . 
Domestication, 8. g«ia» tatbi' ; 

tre»Vj ta'nis. 
Domesticity, 8. &•«*** hidma-t. 
Domicile, *. ^— • maskan (pi. 

(^— ^ masakin); &-"\*\ J*- ma- 
hall iqama-t ; Jy* manzal (pi. 

Jj^« manazil). 
Dominant, adj. «-r-3U galib ; Jj*—'* 

Dominate, t?. U~J tasallat, yata- 

Domination, s. &*•£** hukuma-t; 

^loL. saltana-t ; iX-J tasallut- 
Domineer, v. <J^ jV^ jar 'ala, 

yajur ; ^ zalam, yaglim. 
Dominion, *. (territory) a <l »^ 

mamlaka-t (pi. ctUU* mamalik). 
Don, v. u~«J labas, y albas ; V— S 

kasa, yaksu. 
Donation, s. ^a hiba-t ; ^o^ tuh- 

fa-t (pi. U*# tuhaf) ; £*ju& hadi- 

ya-t (pi. ^\Afc hadaya'). 

Digitized by 





Donkey, *. jU»» himar (pi. j*4*. 

tamir); <j£^* jah£ (pi. v>^* 

Donor, 0. s— Mj wahib; ^J^-e* 

muhdi ; J*\* 'atf ; J** mu'ti. 
Doom, v. ^4*. hakam, yahkiim; 

J*- sajjal, yusajjil. 
Doom, *. (sentence) ^ hukm (pi. 

f>\**\ ahkam); Us qa^a (pi. 

a*-*5\ aqdiya-t). — (fate) &4--J 

qisma-t; j& qadr (pi. jW\ aq- 

dar) ; Ui qa4a\ 
Doomsday, 0. **W* qiyama-t. 
Door, s. s^ bab (pi. s^jrt abwab, 

G)W biban). — (folding-door) s^t 

i^ 5 *)** 0** h ft h m ^ n darfaten. 
Door-keeper, 8. s^tf bawwab. 
Doob-po8t, *. *r>*Jt J*) rijl al- 

Dormant, adj. ^ nayim. — (latent) 

iJ**~ mahfi-y. — (sluggish) Jla»* 

Dormitory, s. f*U* manam; «*** 

f»yl\ bait an-naum ; v***** mabit. 
Dose, s. i±*\ ahaza-t ; hj* Sarba-t. 
Dot, s. &» nuqta-t (pi. &* nuqat) ; 

W* mabaft. 
Dot, v. t» naqqat, yunaqqit. 
Dotation, *. jW jahaz (pi. 8^\ 

ajhiza-t) ; y&r tajhiz ; ^** tam- 

Dotage, s. «-*/. haraf ; Mjl hara- 

fa-t ; (^Jk* hazayan. 
Dotard, 0. Q^if- harfan; <J^ae« 

Dote, v. (from old age) ^f- harif, 

yahraf; * . ■« subih, yusbah 

(pass.). — (dofe on) s^ ^ wali* 

bi, yaula*. 
Double, adj. <JteU* muda'af ; *;*** 

#«*/• qadr-hu marraten; { j*+ 

mug anna. 
Double, v. Udu da"af, yu<Ja"if ; 

«-A*U 4A«af , ytuja'if ; Uuu>\ ad'af , 

yn4'if. — (sail round) ^J^ 'adda, 

yu'addi ; gj* 'awwaj, yu'awwij. 
Double-dealer, a. (^e**; ^ zu 

wajhen ; jV£* makkar. 
Double-dealing, «. V^ riya; V/» 

mnraya-t; jW nifaq; &~3\y 


Double-tongued, adj. 0*>UJ ^ 

zu lisanen. 
Doubt, s. *sUi gakk (pi. <^y^» 

£ukuk) ; *$** 6ubha-t ; s-ty raib ; 

^4) riba-t (pi. s-i> riyab). 
Doubt, t;. ^ «*U $akk fi, yaiukk ; 

^ s^ty irtab fi, yartab. 
Doubtful, adj. *dJA\ «-e^ taht 

ai-sakk; »*5yC&*» maskuk; &*A* 

muiabbah ; v*/* murib. 
Doubtless, adj. «*** <J*i U ma 

fihi sakk. 
Doubtlessly, adv. «*Ui ^ bi-la 

Dough, *. &*+* 'ajin (pi. (^%ft 

Doughy, adj. {J >*** 'ajini-y. 
Dove, s. puL hamam, i^Ul. ^ama- 

ma-t (pi. ^U- hamayim). 
Dove-cot, 0. ^W g^ burj ^amam 

(pi. ©#* burui). 
Dowager, 0. utj* ^Uj\ armala-t 

Dower, Dowry, 0. jW jahaz. — 

(^n'ven 6y ^Ae husband) #• mahr 

(pi. j^« muhur). 
Down, 0. (feathers) ^ fjty ri^ 

na'im. — (hair) ft wabar. 
Downy, adj. ft wabir ; ^i na'im. 
Down, adv., prep, va^r ^\ Ua 

taht; Ja-\ J* ila asfal; «>«*» 

Downcast, adj. (dejected) ft**** 

mahdum j o^j^« mahdAd. 

Downfall, *. s^V* b* 1 "* > ^^ 

halak; J^ zawal; ^W^ inhi- 

Downs, a. JU> rimal (pi. of J*j 

Doxology, *. c*^ madfe; JU». 

Doze, v.n. ^r** na'as, yan'as ; a. 

u-*i na"a8, yuna"is. 
Doze, Doziness, a. <j*U* nu'as. 
Dozen, «. j&& im j*\ agnaiar ; &->*)£> 

{ozina-h, dozina-h. 
Dozy, adj. v— o\i na'is; q\~* 

Drab, s. (prostitute) &«^? qaljaba-t 

(pi. *r>W qit&b). 


Digitized by 

Google ^ 




Drachm, a. f**j*> dirham (pi. (**\j* 

Draff, a. j£* 'akar. 
Draft, a. (for money) &*J}* boli- 

sa-t (pi. u^V buwalis) ; &W 

hawala-t. — (of soldiers) &ty nr- 

qa-t (pi. Jj^ firaq). — (outline) 

^— j rasm. 
Draft, u. (detach) j;^ faraq, yaf- 

ruq. — (<?eZmea*e) ^ sawwar, yu- 

sawwir ; ^-j rasam, yarsum. 
Drag, v. s-n^- sahab, yashab ; j* 

jarr, yajurr. 
Dragon, a. (;>*■*> tannin, tinnin (pi. 

^Uj tananin) ; ($*—!*> §u'ban, 

sa'ban (pi. ($**^> sa'abin). 
Dragoon, a. «-A*~ JW* hayyal say- 

Drain, v. cy nazals, yanzah, yan- 

Drain, a. es^* m *J™ (P 1 - «3jW* 

majari) ; s^j** mizab (pi. s-s^** 

Drainage, a. aW»tt J*^ tahwil al- 

Drake, a. W baft (pi. ^ buffy). 
Dram, s. see Drachm. 
Drama, a. ±£s s-*J la'ab taqlid. 
Drape, v. f~> satar, yastur; ^^ 

gatta, yugatti ; r~* kaseam, yu- 

Draper, a. ^^- juhi-y (pi. £*s*j* 

Drapery, a. S*U- sitara-t (pi. jiV*-. 

satayir ; J*>y- suradiq (pi. *sA 

-at). — (cfoJA. manufactory) J*** 

fyqitt ma'mal al-juh. 
Drastic, adj., a. J&-^ mushil. 
Draught, a. (drink) **/• sarba-t ; 

s^/*"* mainib ; ^c^ jar'a-t. — (of 

a net) &)*+ jazba-t. — (a sketch) 

***» taswir ; S»>j-~* musawwada-t ; 

;»«•; rasm. — (of air) c>j rih (pi. 

t^ arwah). 
Draughts, a. (game) £*UN s-«*J 

la'b ad-dama-t. 
Draughtsman, a. f*-\> rasim ; jy 

Draw, v. (pull) ft* jarr, yajurr ; 

s^ jazab, yajzub, yajzib ; s-^j- 

sahab, yashab. — (a sword) J- 

sall, yasull ; Jy* jarad, yajrud. — 

(design) ^-j rasm, yarsum ; jy 

sawwar, yusawwir. 
Drawback, a. SjU-a. hasara-t ; (^j~*» 

Draw-bridge, a. J*^ j g*»/ 8jL** 

qan^ara-t tartafi' wa tatawatta*. 
Drawer, a. e^ durj (pi. rij*^ 

adraj). — (cAeaJ 0/ drawers) s^5j*> 

dulab (pi. s-jy dawalib). 
Drawers, a. jje* maizar (pi. jjW* 

mayazir) ; ^-W3 libas (pi. «t>LA*) 

Drawing, a. ^j rasm (pL fj-; 

rusum, p~j\ arsum). 
Drawl, v. (jJw lahhan, yulahhin. 
Drawl, a. <^ lahn (pi. ojJ 

luhun, q\+)\ alhan). 
Draw-well, a. >** bi'r, bir (pL 

^ ab'ar,^A abar). 
Drat, a. &«i naqqala-t. 
Dread, a. «-*$&• hauf ; &U** maha- 

fa-t; gyfaza*. 
Dread, Dreadful, adj. «-A*ab* mu- 

hayyif; J*** mujaffil; «-Mfe^ 

muhif ; Jje* mahul. 
Dread, v. &• *J>\± haf min, yahaf ; 

fy faza', yafza'; <f*± hasa, 

Dream, a. ^Jo- hulm (pi. ^^ ah- 

lam, «pUjU huluniat) ; f»^» 

manam (pi. «*>UU* manamat). — 

(fancy) J^ hiyal (pL &**\ 

Dream, v. ^ halam, yahlam ; ^ 

j»U« ra'a manam, yara ; f>\*~ <~*\± 

ikf manam, yaiuf. — (indulge in 

day-dreams) J*** tahayyal, yata- 

Dreamer, a., Dreamy, adj. ^JW 

halim; J^ s-^^-» sahib hiyal 

(pi. s^e\ ashab). 
Drear, Dreary, adj. (person) 

&f* hazin; f*** mugtamm. — 

(thing) jJ^» mukaddir ; ^ mu- 

Dreariness, a. qj*» hazan; p& 

gamm, ^ kadar. 
Dredge, a. ^* 6abaka-t (pi. ^Wa 


Digitized by 





Dbedge, v. & ft *3W *>\W as^ad bi- 
'g-sabaka-t, yastad. 

Dbedgeb, a. *>Ve-o sayyad. 

Dbeg8, $. ;V£e 'akar ; s^j- s rusub. 

Deench, v. Ji ball, yabull; J*t 
ballal, yuballil. 

Deench, s. hj* sarba-t. 

Dbess, s. s^y §aub, §ob (pi. s^W* 
giyab); <j*\<J libas (pi. *— *^ 
albisa-t) ; 8j-«£ kiswa-t (pi. %s£~* 
kasawi) ; &*X} badla-t. 

Dee88, v. {clothe) trJ labbas, yu- 
labbis; ^\ albas, yulbis ; \~* 
kasa, yaksii. — (prepare) \** hay- 
ya, yuhayyi ; >e* jahhaz, yujah- 
hiz. — (food) £± tabah, ya^buh. 

Deibble, v.a. jti qaftar, yuqaftir ; 
U naqqat, yunaqqi*; n. J* 
qatar, yaqtur; ^Si naqqat, yu- 

Deibblet, s. tJ&* nutfa-t (pi. *-AU 
nutuf, «-*U* nitaf); &*> nuqta-t 
(pi. L\& niqat). 

Deift, a. (aim) &** niya-t (pi. «&>U 
niyat, l&y nawaya) ; v/j* garad 
(pi. grtjtf agrad). 

Deipt, v. (float) J^ f&, yafui; 
^ 'am, ya'um. 

Deill, s. (borer) s-A** migqab (pi. 
s~Sti* masaqib) ; jj-^* mihraz 
(pL j;W» mahariz) ; <J*a*** mib- 
hai. — (military training) p£** 
ta'lim ; s^ tadarrub. 

Deill, v. (pierce) w& §aqab, yas- 
qub ; yf~ haraz, yahriz. — (train) 
y^ darrab, yudarrib ; </j> raw- 
wad, yurawwi4- 

Deink, «. s^V* ^arab ; s^r"* ma4 " 
rub (pi. «**-*#-*- masrubat); 
s>y&* masrab (pi. s^*** maia- 

Deink, t>. *r>>fc sarib, yasrab; £/*• 
jara% yajra' ; s-* 'abb, ya'ubb. 

Dbinkbb, Dbunkabd, *. *y>\j* dar- 
rab ; s-*/» sirrib. 

Dbip, v. *■» naqqat, yunaqqit ; J*j 
waial, yasil. 

Deip, s. (of a roof) v>V* mizab 
(pL s-j)V^ mayazib). — (that 
which falls in drops) J*j waial 
(pL JW,\ ausal). 

Dbippino, «. (/a*) (**A sahm ; jy 

Dbive, v. J*- saq, yasuq ; *Ai qad, 

yaqud. — (chase) *f> tarad, ya{- 

rad.— (drive at) *** qasad, yaq- 

sid ; Ju>a? taqassad, yataqa^sad ; 

S\j\ arad, yurid. 
Dbive, a. (ride) &tf*\ ^ fy 3 ta na z- 

zuh fi-'l-'araba-t. — (road) tjij* 

tariq (pi. J> turq). 
Dbivel, v. (slaver) Jij rayyal, yu- 

rayyil. — (dote) Uys. harif, yah- 

Dbivel, *. J^j riyal ; s^^ lu'ab ; 

Dbiveb, *. o^*/ 5 'arabanji. 
Dboll, adj. i^afc-* mushin. 
Dboll, Dbolleby, «. Sjafc—* masha- 

ra-t (pi. f»\~~+ masahir). 
Dbomedaby, *. &*** hajin (pi. 

^^a bujun, eiW* bajayin) ; jW 

Dbone, a. )$* dubbur (pi. j*h* 

bababir).— (idler) o^> kaslan 

(pi. J\~* kaaala). 
Dboop, v. Jj»> zabal, yazbul ; ^»U» 

tata, yu#tf. 
Dbop, *. yai qutra-t, qajra-t; &***> 

dam'a-t (pi. £y»*> dumu*, g^^ 

adma ( ). 
Dbop, v.a. )*> qattar, yuqattir ; tei 

naqqat, yunaqqit. — (let go, lay 

aside) s-**- sayyab, yusayyib ; 

£*j wada', yada 4 ; n. (fall in 

drops) j* qa^ar, yaqtur.— (fall) 

& waqa', yaqa* ; ±&* saqat, yas- 

Dbopsical, adj. a~.M~.« mustasqi ; 

(j*cr*- habin. 
Dbopsy, *. Va— z~\ istisqa 1 ; ( ; ^b- 

Dboss, a. 0*>WN Sysj ragwa-t al- 

ma'adin; JV>y tubal. — (refuse) 

Ltte *af ^a-t. 
Dbossy, adj. jA\±j<£ gair talis. 
Dbouoht, *. <j~& yabs ; &~j*i yu- 

biisa-t; &j^» quhula-t. 
DsouaHTY, aa)'. (dry) u^^i yabis. 

— (thirsty) ^UftJ^c ^t&in. 
Dbove, *.j^» qHar (pi. ^ qu^ur, 

cp^>i qu^urat); gi* qatf 4 (pi. 

Digitized by 





fVLfl aqta 4 ) ; v r sirb (pi. s^V*^ 

Drover, s. j\j~ sawwaq. 
Drown, v.a. j^ garraq, yugarriq ; 

n. j^ gariq, yagraq. 
Drowsiness, *. v*\*> nu'as. 
Drowsy, adj. {j-eM na'is; ^U-** 

Drub, v. s^* 4arab, yacjrib; JsS 

qatal, yaqtul. 
Drubbing, *. s^-* darb. 
Drudge, t;. s-^» ta'ab, yat'ab; 

s « " « * hasab, yah&b. 
Drudgery, s. s-*» ta'ab (pi. s^t 

Drug, *. W dawa (pi. S*^\ adwi- 

ya-t) ; SjVw bahara-t ; jVac 'aqqar 

(pi. ^-jJUc 'aqaqir). — (article 

slow of sale) &*-& SjW* tijara-t 

Drug, t;. (mix) W^ halat, yahlut ; 

u^ babbas, yuhabbis. — (o<£- 

minister drugs) tfi bannaj, yu- 

Druggist, s. ;VLc 'attar; ^^S^c 

Drum, *. JU tabl (pi. J^t tubul) ; 

fl*j*> darbala-t. 
Drum, v. J*l» tabal, yatbul ; tabbal, 

yutabbil ; J*U\ j*> daqq at-tabl, 

yaduqq ; J*ja darbal, yudarbil. 
Drummer, a. JW*» tabbal. 
Drum-stick, s. jiiaH jj^ midaqq 

Drunk, Drunken, adj. ^V^- sak- 

ran (pL <4;V£- sakara). 
Drunkard, s. k+\j* sarrab ; s-s>/» 

Drunkenness, s. f*+ sukr; Sj£~ 

Dry, ad;, ^l* yabis; U*\i naiif. 

— (tn speech, &c.) ^Vj band ; ^j^ 

Dry, v.a. «-AAi na&af, yuna&Sif; 

u~** yabbas, yuyabbis ; n. *-*-£<* 

na^if, yansaf; <j~«> tayabbas, 

Dryness, a. (j^ti yubs; &-j*4 yu- 

busa-t ; ^Jlti niSaf . 
Drysalter, «. (druggist) A 


Dual, a. ***£ tasniya-t ; ^♦tt al- 

Dubious, adj. td j - Xfc - maslriik; 

&*-£*• musabbah. 
Ducat, s.y+* s-*^ zahab majar. 
Duck, «. «* batta-t (pi. JLjLt butut). 
Duck, v.a. u^t gattas, yugattis ; 

n. u-tfc gatas, yagtis; u-ttf 

tagattas, yatagattas. — (stoop) 

ij*#\ in^ana, yanhani. 
Ducking, s. u^ gat* ; u^ gau$ ; 

u*W* giyas. 
Ductile, ad;, (malleable) «xx*4 yam- 

tadd. — (frooiaofe) *\&» muqtad ; 

ffP* tayi 4 . 
Ductility, *. *)\±sA imtidad ; &Vs* 

Due, adj. s-*^ wajib ; pjS lazim ; 

«jfeS layiq ; s-*-^ munasib. — (as 

a biU, Sc.) JW ball. 
Due, *. <>* taqq (pi. jy^ huquq). 
Duel, a. e**ft ^ J^ qital ben 

esnen ; ic^U* mu^ara'a-t ; 2j)W* 

mubaraza-t ; ^U-^ musayaf a-t. 
Duelist, a. &**• mutasari*. 
Dues, s. (taxes) S->W 'ada-t (pL 

j«^ 'awayid); S*y farda-t, fir- 

da-t ; u~& taqs. 
Duet, a. *M nauba-t. 
Dug, a. ^X- talama-t ; y bizz (pi. 

)\y bizaz). 
Dull, adj. (not cheerful) Qi,^ 

^azin; JjU malM; ©lej za'lan. 

— (alow of understanding) J^lj 

baHd ; ^» bahim. — (drowsy) 

gL-** na'san ; 


na"as. — 

(dull market) <*~\S j^- sauq kasid. 
— (cloudy) (***+ mugayyam. 

Dulness, s. (stupidity) &*>h bala- 
da-t; &*\# bahama-t; 5^W* ga- 
bawa-t). — (aodneaa, annoyance) 
^ gamm; ^j za'la-t. — (slug- 
gishness) J-^ kasl ; ^J\y ta- 

Dumb, ad[/. (unable to speak) y*/*\ 
abras, f. U^. harsa* (pi. y^ 
burs); ^\ abkam (pi. ^ 
bukm). — (silent) vs^U sakit ; 
c^X- sikkit; o-*U nasit; «■=-,:♦— 

Dumbness, *. u - ^ haras; (A 

Digitized by 





bakam. — (silence) «*>j£- sukut ; 

**♦• samt. 
DUMMY, *. J&» slid. 
Dun, adj. iy\tj*~\ asmar gamiq; 

^ 'atam. 
Dun, v. 7-* 'asar, ya'sur, ya'sir; 

j—*\ a'sar, yu'sir; ^^5 taqacjia, 

Dun, *. j-\* 'asir; ^Vfia- muta- 

Dunce, *. J^ balid ; (*& bahim. 
Dung, *. J*j zibl ; AVy zaMla-t. 
Dung, v. J*j zabbal, yuzabbil ; Jy\ 

azbal, yuzbil. 
Dungeon, *. u****- tabs (pl« u*j**- 

tubus); &+~ sijn (pi. oj%~ 

Dunghill, 8. &*y mazbala-t (pi. 

J*ty* mazabil). 
Dupe, *. v>y uu magsui, j^yu mag- 

nir ; j*&-^ gaslm. 
Dupe, v. yt^ ga&, yaguss. 
Duplicate, ad/. {J ^» musanna. 
Duplicate, s. . {copy) J* naql, 

nuqi ; *e*tf £ab~* nusha-t saniya-t. 
Duplicate, v. ^ sauna, yusanni ; 

Uuu <Ja"af, yuoV'if. 
Duplicity, s. see Double-dealing. 
Dubability, s. «***tf sabat; &F* 

gubut ; f*\^> dawam. 
Durable, adj. (j^U makin; v&*jtf 

sabit ; piW dayim ; (*& qayim ; 

^Ai— • mustadim ; j*s— • musta- 

Durance, «. (imprisonment) ^W^ 

in^ibas ; y***- tabs. 
Duration, «. 8^* mudda-t; W 

During, |>rg>. 8^ ^ fi mudda-t ; 

JjW bi-tul ; (»U U ma dam ; ^ 

t# ben ma. 
Dusk, s. «j** safaq. 
Duskiness, «. &*jie 'atma-t'; Wt 

Dusky, adj. f>x* 'atim; ,♦**• mu- 

'attim, mu'attam. 
Dust, *. s^V tura b > jW* gubar ; 

iyt gabara-t, gabra-t. 
Dust, v. (free from dust) <j*u 

iLiffad, yunam^; «-*k uazgaf, 

nazgif; ^ masah, yamsah. — 

(cover or sprinkle with dust, &c.) 

p± gabbar, yugabbir; v>j *as£, 

Dustman, *. J*>y\ cty nazzft^ al- 

Dusty, adj. y**~ mugabbir; gi* 

s^V D^ala 11 turab. 
Duteous, Dutiful, adj. ga^* 

mu^i* ; »>Uu* munqad ; ^•i yi 

zu zimam. 
Dutifulness, a. &cU»\ it&'a-t ; XcU. 

ta'a-t ; S^JS»\ inqiyad. 
Duty, s. s-**^ wajib (pi. *a>W^ 

wajibat) ; &*p lazima-t (pi. ^y 

lawazim) ; o^ taqq (pi. jyfe. 

^uquq). — (^oW) ^^r^* maks (pL 

(^yU mukus) ; **5j*£ kumruk 

(pi »i)jU^ kamarik). 
Dwarf, a. W»- ba^it; s-^* han- 

qab; c^***^ dahdah; iAU* mu- 

qattafa-t ; J^ tintal. 
Dwarf, v. ytoTasgar, yusgir. 
Dwarfish, adj. ^*** §ugayyir ; )y*s 

Dwell, v. q£~* sakan, yaskun. 
Dwelling, *. ^X— • maskan (pi. 

(j^V-^ masakin) ; q\£+ makan 

(pi. l&A imkana-t, (j&A ama- 

^ n ) 5 vj**^ magna (pi. o*^** 

Dwindle, v. ^att naqas, yanqus. 
Dye, v. ($y lawwan, yulawwin; 

^> sabag, yasbug ; sabbag, yu- 

Dye, *. Q*° sibag. 
Dyeing, s. &W-* §ibaga-t ; £** §ibg. 
Dyer, *. JW-» sabbag. 
Dynasty, $. J^ al (pi. J^\ awal) ; 

J-i nasi; &f^ ta'ifa-t; ^ 

daula-t (pi. J^-> duwal). 
Dysentery, *. uf*£\ ($&* sayalan 

al-bafn; f* JW-^ ishal dam; 

(•*> «Jjy nuzf dam. 
Dyspepsia, *. f\*#y\ £* bu\\i' al- 

indiham; f\*&$\ y~* 'usr al- 

Dyspeptic, adj., s. pW^N J 6 * Da ^' 

Dysury, *. J^J\ ^-^ ^sr al-bM. 

Digitized by 






Each, adj. J* kull; ^ J* kull 

wahid; *>y fard. — (each other) 

u**t ba'd; <>** ^fi** ba'4 ba'4 

(with pronominal affix). 
Eager, adj. (ardent) < j}& * » * mui- 

tahi ; jV*a* mu&aq. — (vehement) 

*>*•** Sadid. — (zealous) *>*e<* jahud. 
Eagerness, 0. **♦*. tamiya-t ; S^i 

gira-t; S^jU* mugayara-t. 
Eagle, 0. ^-J nasr (pi. jj~J nusur). 
Eaglet, 0. ^ wulaj. 
Ear, 0. ^ uzn (pi. ^U\ azan, du. 

(j)VjJ\ aznan) ; vulg. ^W dan, 

m^ wudn. — (0/ corn) J-*-- sabal ; 

&*-• sabala-t; &*ju sumbula-t 

(pi. J|U- sanabil). 
Ear, v. (form ears) J*- sabbal, 

yusabbil; J*-^ asbal, yusbil. — 

(plough) *±y» Ijara§, yaljras ; 

^u falat, yanak. 
Earliness,$*5 tabkir. 
Early, adj. jtA bakir. 
Earn, v. * t «— ■«. £ kasab, yaksib; 

\-~~j£\ iktasab, yaktasib; gj 

rabih, yarbaljL 
Earnest, adj. jfy waqur; *>^- 

jahud ; •**&• muqayyad. 
Earnest, Earnestness, s. fa 

waqar ; •** jidd ; pUs*\ ihtimam. 
Earnest-money, s. gV^e 'urban 

(pi. e***\j* 'arabin). 
Earnings, s. s-^-^ kasb; s ^< 

maksib; sA — « j^ \ iktisab; gj 

Ear-ring, 0. Wk l^alqa-t (pL u^toU 

halqat) ; tJ quri (pi. Ui\ aqraj). 
Earth, 0. ^ ar<J (pi. ^y ar&4i) ; 

^5/ gara (pi. *\/\ agra') ; v>V 

turab ; jVafcA fahhar. 
Earth, v. ^*> dafan, yadfin; ^i» 

tamar, yatmur. 
Earthen, adj. s^V u^ min turab ; 

^j\f turabi-y ; jW ^ min fah- 
Earthlinuss, 0. W^ s-^ bibb ad- 


Earthly, adj. o- - ^ ar<Ji-y. — 

(worldly) ^>t>**> dunyawl-y ; <J*J^ 

'alami-y ; JA- sufliyy. 
Earthquake, 0. #Jj zilzila-t (pi. 

JjSj zalazil). 
Earthy, adj. {J **L tinf-y. 
Ear-wax, 0. q\£I\ £~j wasah al- 

Earwig, 0. ^jJ\ v>^*^ muhkiU 

ad-dan ; (J^^ haris* ; &*J qum- 

mala-t. — (slanderer) ,J>>\) wa£i 

(pi. «t>U^ wuiat). 
Ear- witness, 0. g**- sami*. 
Ease, 0. (comfort) &+>\j raha-t; htej 

raf aha-t ; ^-* yasar, yusur ; &**& 

bulahniya-t (pi. ^1^ balahi, 

Q*h balahin). — (facility) fl^e- 

suhula-t ; ^-i yusr. — (of manners) 

J2o dalal ; A^JU mulayama-t. 
Ease, v. Uk*. haffaf , yuhaffif ; J*- 

sahhal, yusahhil. 
Easiness, 0. flje- suhula-t; &VU 

lataf a-t ; &*1a ^albana-t. 
East, 0. jJa garq ; j^ maSriq (pi. 

jjU-» maiariq). 
East, Easterly, Eastern, adj. 

^ji/i sarqi-y ; o*r** mairiqi-y. 
Easter, 0. r-itt J^ 'aid al-fa$t > 

u*jJA\ j*JY al-'aid a4-sarif . 
Easy, adj. (quiet) &/• murta^i. — 

(not difficult) J«- sahil; o^ 

hayyin (pi. Vjy^\ ahwina'). — (not 

formal) m^* mulayim. 
Eat, v. JM akal, ya'kul. 
Eatable, adj., s. Jj^*^ ma'kul (pi. 

«^U ma^ul^t). 
Eaves, 0. s^V* mizab (pi. s-ijW^ 

Ebb, 0. jy* jazr. 

Ebb, v. jy* jazar, yajzir, yajzur. 
Ebony, 0. u»j*»)t s-^a^ haiab al- 

Ebullition, 0. ^V-lfc galayan ; ^y 

fawaran; o^* hayajan; ^-ej 

Eccentric, ad;'. (oa\Q s-i/ garib. 

Digitized by 



119 [Eff 

— (in geometry) jfy>tt «JUU^* 
mahtalif al-marakiz. 
Eccentbicity, s. (oddness) &*\£ 
garaba-t. — (in geometry) u!kuJ\ 
^/d\ ihtilaf al-marakiz. 


ij-iSsf kanayisi-y. 

EcCLE8IA8TIC, 8. o~S qi88 (pi. u-y-S 

qnsus, £-jLJ qasawisa-t). 

Echo, s. W, ^j-© sada (pi. W\ 
asda') ; ^ dawi-y. 

Echo, v. ^A adwa, yudwi ; ^Xo\ 
asda, yusdi. 

Eclat, *. (scandal) lflh> suhra-t. — 
(splendour) Jpjj raunaq; Sjl* 
jalwa-t (jilwa-t, julwa-t). 

Eclipse, s. u\~S&\ inkisaf. — (of 
the sun) <j~4-tJ\ ±jy~£ kusuf ai- 
^ams. — (of the moon) j+d\ ^Jj~a. 
husuf al-qamar. 

Eclipse, v. UuS kasaf, yaksif.— 
(the sun is eclipsed) UuSi\ m . 
kasaf, yankasif. — (the moon is 
eclipsed) ^*ai\ dLd hasaf al- 
qamar, yahsif; UuM inhasaf, 

Ecliptic, *. g^t &&*** mintaqa-t 

Economic, Economical, adj. ^y 
muwaffir ; Jxat* mu'tadil ; Ju*a* 

Economise, v. ft waffar, yuwaffir ; 
•*-*fl iqtasad, yaqtasid. 

Economist, s. (manager) yJ^» mu- 
dabbir. — (one who saves) Jy 
muwaffir.— (farmer) x$* fallah 
(pi. reg. and ^ falalih). 

Economy, *. (management) s-***y 
tartib ; r \itsi\ intizam. — (fru- 
gality) jjj taufir; d\~*\ im- 

Ecstasy, s. **< wajd (pi. •>**.. 
wujfid) ; ^\i^\ inhi t af. 

Ecstatic, ad/. ^£&+ mahtuf . 

Ecumenic, adj. ^W 'amm; ^j** 
< umumi-y. 

Eddy, *. Utt ^o dawwar al-ma' ; 
j\j* gawwar. 

Eddy, v. jW dar, yadur. 

Edge, *. (border) «-A*U> hayif (pi. 
^Vo. fcafa-t, u^ fcuyyaf) ; **a>W 

h/Uiya-t (pi. ^\y hawasl); 

^V- sajaf. — (of a blade) J*. 

hadd (pi. *yn* ljudild). 
Edge, v. (sharpen) •***. haddad, 

yutaddid ; ($~ sann, yasunn. — 

(fringe) Uu+~ sajjaf, yusajjif; 

<jd lafaq, yalfiq. 
Edible, adj. see Eatable. 
Edict, *. j-*\ amr (pi. r-"ty 

awamir); ,*&». hukm (pi. p\**\ 

ahkam) ; gUy firman (pi. e>**y 

Edification, a. ,*Jbtf ta'lim ; s-^*>*^ 

ta'dib ; &&/ tarbiya-t. 
Edifice, s. u* bina (pi. S^ ab- 

niya-t) ; ^Wi bunyan ; SjU* 

'imara-t, 'amara-t. 
Edify, v. (instruct) ^Jtc 'allam, 

yu'allim; s^ addab, yu'addib. 

— (improve) ^o sallah, yusallih ; 

cM aslat, yuslih. 
Edit, v. u*\ allai', yu'allif; ULu 

sannaf, yusannif; ^ agnar, 

Edition, *. g«l $ab' ( p j ^^4*) ; 

^» tab'a-t. 
Editob, 8. U&y mu'allif; «JU«« 

Educate, v. ^A addab, yu'addib ; 

,jtj rabba, yurabbi. 
Education, s.a. l*f tarbiya-t; 

s-i^ ta'dib; s-st4> tahzib ; n. 

*t>*>\ adab ; s^^ ta'addub. 
Educe, v. &/»\ ahraj, yuhrij. 
Eel, s. ^ iaeX*— samak hayya-t ; 

crt^c (erJ^^) 'ankilis (anklis) ; 

<3ft> jirri-y (pL e^ jarari). 
Efface, v. ^^^^ maha, yamljii; 

cr*t t a ^ias, ya^mus, yatmis ; 

tammas, yutammis; <j>& t^las, 

yatlis ; tallas, yu^allis. 
Effect, Effectuate, v. J** 'amil, 

ya'mal; J-fe. hassal, yuhassil; 

^ tammam, yutammim. 
Effect, *. J«i fi'l, fa 4 l; Jyuu 

maf'iil (pi. J^U^ mafall).— 

(consequence, result) J->W hasil 

(pi. J^^ hawasil) ; &+*& nati- 

ja-t. — (impression) y\ agar (pi. 

j^[ asar).— (purpose) J>£ gara4 

(pi. ^ji\ agra<J) ; **& qa? d. 

Digitized by 





Effective, Effectual, adj. Jv*J 
fa"al ; J)& taft ; />• mu'aggir. 

Effectiveness, a. £*lfcU fa'iliya-t. 

Effects, a. JU mal (pi. J^ am- 

Effeminacy, a. JJ»tf tadlil ; e ^ 
tahnis ; e*u£* tahannug. 

Effeminate, ad/. J5*** mudallal; 
^^oe« muhannag. 

Effervesce, v. <J^ gala, yagli ; jU 
far, yaf ur ; ^j raga, yargS. 

Effebve8Cence, a. q^M galayan ; 
S^ ragwa-t (pi. ^j rugan). 

Effete, adj. ^ harim. 

Efficacious, Efficient, adj. ^tf 
kafi ; JU* fa"al ; J^Vi f a'ili-y. 

Efficaciousness, Efficacy, Effi- 
ciency, a. &*l*li fa'iliya-t. 

Effigy, a. l^yo §ftra-t (pi. j^« 
euwar) ; &&# naq£a-t. 

Efflobesce, v. J*) zahar, yazhar ; 
zahhar, yuzanlnr ; j*)\ azhar, 
yuzhir ; rf nawwar, yunawwir. 

Efflorescence, a. y**y tazhir. — 
(eruption of the skin) j% bagr 
(pi. )& bugur) ; v>j* jarab. 

Effluence, Efflux, a. ^jV- saya- 

Effluent, adj. &* J**- sayil min. 

Effluvium, a. J&: bahar; J^U? 

Effort, a. «*e* jahd ; *>W^ ijtihad ; 
a,*!; J^jadd. 

Effrontery, a. &»Aij waqaha-t; 

&aU~ saf aha-t ; 8*^ fanjara-t. 
Effulgence, a. 8jU- jalwa-t; J*r 

Effusion, a. s— > sabb ; s^*-»rt in- 

sibab; &\^ iraqa-t; «*to- safk ; 

«3io dafq. 
E.G., (exempli gratia, for instance) 

"^i* masalan. 
Egg, v. (instigate) **^ harrak, yu- 

Egg, a. <J><# baid ; *Atf baida-t. 
Egg-cup, a. *-*^ zarf (pi. «-J^ 

Egg-shell, a. *A«tt *■*■* qi£r al- 

baida-t (pi. jy*J> qulur). 
Egotism, a. &**U\ ananiya-t. 
Egregious, adj. j^» mumtaz; 

jje-A'* masliur; ^lUks*» mutafa- 

Egress, a. e^ huruj. 
Eight, adj. ***U* gamaniya-t, f. 

^lU* , ^Ui gamani. 
Eighteen, ad;, j±* ^U> gamani- 
ya-t 'a£ar. 
Eighteenth, ad;. ^ &M gamin 

Eightfold, adv. u\m*\ l^US sama- 

niya-t a4'&f. 
Eighth, adj. ^tf gamin. 
Eighth, a. (an eighth part) &*$ 

gumn (pi. q\**\ agman). 
Eighty, Eightieth, adj. (^e*U> 

Either, adj. **\ aljad ; Uao*>\ 

Either, con/. f \ am ; \A amma. 
Ejaculate, v. (cry out) <j*j za'aq, 

yaz'aq; \& nada, yandu. — (utter 

a short prayer) <jfl^> haulaq, yu- 

Ejaculation, a. 8^> da'wa-t ; &1^ 

haulaq a-t. 
Eject, v. e^\ a^raj, yuhrij ; c^L 

tarah, yatra^i. 
Ejection, Ejectment, a. $\jt\ 

Elaborate, v. J*^ kammal, yn- 

kammil ; &* ?anna', yusanni'. 
Elaborate, adj. J*^ kamil ; J*£* 

mukammal; £*<*• mu$anna'. 
Elabobateness, a. &»> diqqa-t. 
Elabobation, a. g**-» tasni* ; J«*X? 

Elapse, v. ^^ macja, yam<Ji ; *^>^* 

fat, yafut. 
Elastic, od/. *u« j yft^ yukas^ wa 

yumadd ; <$<& ladn. 
Elasticity, a. &fcl&£ kaia^a-t; £jJ 

Wy*' quwwa-t tafeawwuliya-t; 

&\A ladana-t. 
Elate, v. j4 babbar, yukabbir. 
Elate, adj. j-t&* mutakabbir; 

^-Aa* munfasih. 
Elation, a. p& takabbur. 
Elbow, a. £/ ku* (pi. o^^ ti'an, 

$f\ akwa') ; j^ mirfaq O^V 

Elbow, v. ^j za^am, yuza^im; 

Digitized by 





yfti^ darns', yadfuS; daffai, yu- 

Elbowing, a. f^tf izdiljam ; &**} 

Elder, adj. y£\ akbar, f. ^j4 

Elder, *. &*> saih (pi. tyo* suyuh, 

£W^ aiyah, m^>^ ma^ayih, &c). 

— (tree) &\~X* bailasan ; UUi. 

ha ma mil ; ^U*. human. 
Elderly, $. )\#&\ ihtiyar. 
Elect, v. jUU ihtar, yahtar ; s-*b*rt 

intahab, yantahib; i J&*°\ istafa, 

Elect, *. J*a*~ muhtar, ^d*** mus- 

tafa ; H<b*** muntahab. 
Election, 8. j>*&*\ ihtiyar ; s^afctf \ 

Elective, adj. s-at"* muntahib. 
Electoral, adj. o*U^ intihabi-y. 
Electric, Electrical, adj. ^Jhjtf 

Electricity, s. £*fy6* kahrabayi- 

Electrify, v. s^ kahrab, yukah- 

rib. — (excite) && hayyaj, yuhay- 

Elegance, 8. ^^ zarafa-t; &^e» 

Elegant, adj. *-&i± zarif; ^ 

bahi-y ; £*U malin. 
Elegy, s. v*y marsat; &*>/• mar- 

siya-t (pi. ^J\y marasi) ; Sj^ 

qasida-t (pi. ****** qasid, J^U* 

Clement, s. (constituent part) 

j*** 'unsur (pi. y°\** 'anasir); 

J-J asl (pi. J^ usul) ; <j*\ is8 

(pi. <j*\~\ asas). — (rudiments) 

«** badw; <^W* mabadi (pi of 

*a^# mabda) ; Jj*A usul. 
Elemental, Elementary, adj. 

c5r *ic 'unsuri-y ; V J^ asli-y. 
Elephant, *. J** fil (pi. JW^ 

afyal, JW* fiyal). 
Elephantiasis, *. *W jazam ; W 

J**tt da* al-fil. 
Elevate, v. £*j rafa', yarfa' ; «jlc 

'alia, yu'alli. 
Elevation, 8. £W^ irtifa'; £**; 


Eleven, adj. y*-& j^ ahad 'asar, f . 

S^&js ^Jto.\ ihda 'asara-t. 
Eleventh, adj.^ ^-^hadi 'asar, 

f. iyt* JjoW hadiya-t 'akra-t. 
Elf, e. if* jinn (pi. &V ]inna-t) ; 

^y* jinni-y, f. &**+ jinniya-t. 
Elicit, v. s^* jazab, yajzib ; tyA 

ahraj, yuhrij. 
Eligible, adj. s <*■*■** yuntahab ; 

$*+ jadir. 
Eliminate, v. ^\ alga, yulgi. 
Elision, 8. <*J±** hazf. 
Elite, 8. **^ halasa-t ; &*** nuh- 

Elixir, s. ^-^ iksir, aksir. 
Ell, 8. £\>*J zira', zara' (pi. £j*tf 

Ellipse, Ellipsis, s. (omission) 

c-*J^ hazf; )W$ ijaz; j4»x» taq- 

dir. — (in geometry) ^-m baidi-y. 
Elliptical, adj. «-*j«W» mahzuf; 

^Jtf? taqdiri-y. — (ovaQ ^-^ 

Elm, 8. S ; \^j dardara-t; ****** 

buqisa-t; ^3\ 8^ ^ajara-t al- 

Elocution, s. (^ bayan; £j5 

taqrir ; J* naql ; j* nass. 
Elogium, Elogy, 8. ^J^ madih. 
Elongate, v. J^» tawwal, yutaw- 

wil ; J^M atal, yutil. 
Elongation, s. Ja^» tatwil ; fi^ 

Elope, v. £ farr, yafirr. 
Elopement, s. ^ firar. 
Eloquence, *. ^U* fa§aba-t ; &h 

balaora-t; ^W bayan. 
Eloquent, adj. &*& fasih (pi. 

W-i fusaha') ; ^ balig (pi. Ul* 

Else, a<f/. ^ gair; f\ ahar, f. 

^5^ uhra. 
Elsewhere, adv. f-\ &>y ^ fi 

mauda* ahar. 
Elucidate, v. y~* fassar, yufassir ; 

U** bayyan, yubayyin ; ^ wa<J- 

dah, yuwaddih; c>^ ^arab, yak- 

Elucidation, *. ^--a? tafsir; c/» 

^arh; (jjW» bayan; &*£ tau- 



Digitized by 





Elude, v. <$& J^W fcawal 'an, yu- 

Emaciate, v.a. U&* nahfcaf, yu- 

nahhif ; *-A*M anhaf, yunhif ; Jyfc 

hazal, yahzil ; n. jj^ iuhazal, 

Emaciation, 8. &^ nuhafa-t ; J^ 

Emancipate, v. &*\ a'taq, yu'tiq ; 

v3*U atlaq, yujliq. 
Emancipation, s. <3*fc 'atq ; j\ze\ 

i'taq; jU>\ itlaq. 
Embalm, v. ^ hannat, yuhannit ; 

f+~ k balsam, yubalsim. 
Embalming, s.\j*# tahnij ; ^U 1» 

Embank, v. Ju« sadd, yasudd. 
Embankment, e. j—^jisr (p1.jj~* 

jusur) ; ^ gudd (pi. o^ju. sudud) ; 

(*j* 'arim. 
Embargo, 8. tsf^ o* s-«fy*N &*• 

\*#d\ (^ man* al-marakib 'an al- 
ii uruj min al-mina. 
Embark, v.a. s-^JW jy nazzal bi- 

'1-markab, yunazzil ; vj-j wasaq, 

yasiq; n. ^\ s-^j rakib al- 

bahr, yarkab. 
Embarkation, *. s-^W J^y uuzul 

Embarras, v. y**» hayyar, yuhayyir ; 

u^ balai, yablus ; Jy^ 3awwai, 

Embarrassment, 8. S^- hira-t ; 

<Jt*)&5 taswis* ; &&b bakiia-t. 
Embassy, s. S;Va- sifara-t, safara-t. 
Embellish, v. (j— &» Hassan, yuhas- 

sin ; J**, jammal, yujammil ; 

&) zayyan, yuzayyin. 
Embellishment, 8. ^— of tahsin ; 

J**r tajmil. 
Embers, 8. &* malla-t. 
Embezzle, v. ^\) j J^* saraq dara- 

him, yasraq. 
Embezzlement, *. &»«• sariqa-t ; 

*~k- hulsa-t (pi. v~b» hulas). 
Emblazon, v. ^\ 'alam, yu'lim ; 

e^j zayyan, yuzayyin; ^ saw- 
war, yusawwir. 
Emblazonment, Emblazonry, e. 
&•&* 'alama-t (pi. f*U 'alayim) ; 
^U~i nisan (pi. (^**Ui nayasin). 

Emblem, s. J^UJ tamsil; l^\ 

isara-t ; jV^« majaz ; yj ramz 

(pi. )yj rumuz) ; S*US kinaya-t. 
Emblematic, Emblematical, adj. 

<jtyj ramzi-y ; SjWJ li-'l-i&ira-t. 
Embodiment, *. ^-^ tajsim. 
Embody, v. j*~* jassam, yujas- 

Embolden, v. j~* jassar,yujassir ; 

&* Sajja', yusajji'. 
Emboss, v. g*t ta'aj, yafaj ; g*j 

ba ; aj, yab'aj ; <3** ba'aq, yab'aq. 
Embowel, v. ^W\ ^a saqq al- 

batn, yasuqq. 
Embrace, v. <J*^ 'auaq, yu'aniq ; 

(^ tadan, yahdun. — {seise 

eagerly) tefi\ ittahaz, yattahiz. 
Embrace, *. qJuzo*\ ihtidan; ^a»- 

ha^n ; &yU^ mu 4 anaqa-t. 
Embrasure, 8. g*J-^ i»^» $aqa-t 

li-'l-midfa 4 . 
Embroider, v.jjt* tarraz, yutarriz. 
Embroiderer, v. fi± tarraz. 
Embroidery, «. Sjy> ti r »za-t ; yi^s 

ta^riz ; 3^ tii'az- 
Embroil, v. u^ balai, yablui ; 

«sM» sabbak, yuiabbik. 
Embryo, 8. y***. janin (pi. i^^ 

ajinna-t, (^\ ajnun). 
Emendation, «. £«U> taslil^ ; c^*^ 

Emerald, s. *y\ zumurrud. 
Emerge, v. ©/* naraj, yahruj ; gi! 

C^» t^la* min, ya^lu* ; j^» baraz, 

Emergency, a. JjlL ^ulii 4 .— (event) 

u*jVc 'arid (pi. u*;\^ 'awarid) ; 

iJjU. hadisa-t (pi. «a>j^ hawa- 

dis). — (occasion) £*y furaa-t (pi. 

\j>£ furas). 
Emetic, s. ^&» muqayyi; J±J*~ 

Emigrant, *. <jtiU, ^ a fis; ^U 

Emigrate, v. J*>& ^afai, ya|fi^ ; 

^> hajar, yabjur ; c y^\ intazah, 

Emigration, *. ^U^aL tafa^an ; *dj> 

^f\ tark al-watan ; S^^ft hijra-t, 

Eminence, *. gva*^ irtif a 4 ; 

Digitized by 





'a^ama-t ; f* 'ulw, uluw. — (title) 
*U^ fadila-t (pi. JjUi fadayil). 
Eminent, adj. J^c 'all ; £&y uiur- 

tafi k ; <-&>;* sarif ; ^J&c 'azim. 
Emissary, «. ^j-W jasus (pi. 
tr**-^ jawasis ; ±>\j rayid (pi. 
j\$ ruwwad). 
Emission, e. &\f»\ ihraj ; j^ 

Emit, v. (send forth) &/»\ ahraj, 

yuhrij ; )j*\ abraz, yubriz. 
Emmet, 8. J*> naml, &*> namla-t 

(pi. JU> nimal). 
Emolument, s. Sj^V* fayida-t (pi. 
<H\j> f away id) ; &*L~» manfa'a-t 
(pL g*U* mauafi*) ; Jy*-** mad- 
Emotion, 8. &{+**> hayajan; &y* 

haraka-t ; s^jW idjirab. 
Emotional, adj. &&• muhayyij ; 

^j^» niuharrik. 
Empale, v. jj^ hauzaq, yuhauziq. 
Empalement, *. *ijf» hauzaqa-t. 
Empebob, s. (^VUL. sultan (pi. ^5u- 
salatin) ; j**? qaigar (pi. S^W* 
Emphasis, «. j^Vj ta'kid ; S^ 

nabra-t ; aaJIj^ mubalaga-t. 
Emphasise, v. <*£\ akkad, yu'akkid ; 

t*3*l fahham, yufahhim. 
Emphatic, adj. ^J^sH* ta'kidi-y ; 

^ati fahm. 
Empire, s. (kingdom) &U+ mam- 
laka-t; d3.j dawla-t (pi. A^ 
duwal). — [imperial dignity) SM^ 
saltana-t. — (dominion) yA amr; 
l*j£** hukuuia-t ; UL-* tasallu^. 
Employ, v. (occupy) J±* sagal, 
yaigal ; saggal, yusaggil. — (one- 
self) J*sa\ i^tagal, yastagil. — 
(use) Jlacu^ ista'mal, yastagil ; 
f**» had dam, yuhaddim; uy* 
tasarraf, yatasarraf ; JSj wakkal, 
Employment, «. (occupation) J** 
Sugl (pi. J^ asgal, J/a 
iugul) ; a U a^ maigala-t (pi. 
JfclJL* masagil) ; J*fc 'amal (pi. 
jUfct a'mal) ; &•.** tridnm-k — 
(office) s~a** mansab (pi. s-~U* 

Emporium, *.jJuj bandar (pl.^W 

banadir, Per 8.). 
Empower, v. j** qaddar, yuqaddir ; 

^Aj* f aw wad, yufawwid. 
Empbess, 8. &UJl. sul^ana-t. 
Emptiness, *. &*. hala' ; ^ hulii-w ; 

U* fida'. 
Empty, adj. ^Vi fadi ; J^ hali ; 

ty fa rig ; ^^ hawi. 
Empty, v. ^j-tf fa4da, yufa^di ; & 

farrag, yufarrig. 
Emulate, v. /\t gayar, yugayir; 

<3*U sabaq, yusabiq ; ^U nafas, 

Emulation, s. S^fc gaira-t, gira-t ; 

Sji^u mugayara-t; AfijU^ musa- 

Emulous, ad;'. jjU^ mugayir; u-i^ 

Enable, v. j& qaddar, yuqaddir ; 

^ji qawwa, yuqawwi ; {$&• mak- 

kan, yuinakkin. 
Enact, v. p£** hakam, ya^kum; 

^ qada, yaq<Ji. 
Enactment, «. y\ amr (pi. y\)\ 

awamir) ; f&» hukm (pi. p\£*>\ 

ahkam) ; ^* qada\ 
Enamel, 8. \*v mink (Pers.). 
Enamel, v. W^W w*) rakkab bi-'l- 

mina', yurakkib ; <j&* naqqai, 

Enamour, v. «-Aa* ^agaf, yaigaf; 

fjt\ agram, yugrim. 
Encamp, v. ^*- hayyam, yuhay- 

yiui ; ^f s-^ nasab 'ur^i, 

yaneub ; Jy nazal, yanzil. 
Encampment, «. ^f *ur^[i (^5^ 

urdi, Turk.) ; /»~* * ma'askar ; 

a!q^# muha^ia-t. 
Encase, v. ±+* gamad, yagmid, 

yagmud ; jl-*^ agmad, yug- 

Enchain, v. ±£ qayyad, yuqayyid ; 
jy* janzar, yujanzir ; yr) zanjar, 

Enchant, v. »^~ sahar, yashur. — 

(delight) *SJ3 lazzaz, yulazziz. 
Enchanter, *. jW- sahbar. 
Enchantment, 8. ^- sihr; W- 

Enchantress, 0. 8^U sa^ira-t. 

Digitized by 

Google - 




Enchase, v. £*) rassa', yurassi* ; < 

•^ Dad dad, yuna<Jdid. I 

Encircle, v. «-J^ kannaf, yukan- 

nif ; *r> L\*\ ahat bi, yu\i\\. 
Enclose, v. v»jj zarrab, yuzarrib ; 

JJ^*. hadaq, yahdiq; v* ^W aha^ 

bi, yuhit ; {$+* damman, yu<Jam- 

Enclosure, a. (fence) v»j) zarb (pi. 

s^j zurub). — (place enclosed) 

&%*>■ fcadiqa-t (pi. «jfe^ bada- 

yiq) ; u-*- salju (pi. (#-*- 

9uhun) ; v*^* mazrub. — {in a 

letter) «~*jAU malf uf ; &J» tayya- 

hu ; **<♦-* dimna-hu. 
Encomiast, a. c^ maddah ; c^^ 

Encomium, a. f*" madh ; U* sana* 

(pi. &e^\ asniya-t); li*y& taqrig. 

— (of a dead person) ^ P tf ta' bin. 
Encompass, v. ^sf*^ ifctawa, yah- 

tawi; J*aU istamal, yastamil, 

jW dar, yadiir (all three with ^ 

Encounter, a. (meeting) &oU* 

musadafa-t; tett iltiqa'; &%• 

malaqa-t. — (combat) &*uu inuqa- 

tala-t; £*ij waq'a-t ; s^ harb 

(pi. s^ fcuriib). 
Encourage, v.^-^ jassar,yujassir; 

£** &jja',yusajji' ; s-±j raggab, 

yuraggib ; ^^ £a§s, yahusg. ^ 
Encouragement, a. s-4*/ targib ; 

*d*f* ta^rik ; a**/** tahri<J. 
Encroach, v. <J* is**** ta'adda 

'ala, yata'adda; ^ J^ ta{a- 

wal 'ala, yata^awal. 
Encroachment, a. ^***s ta'addi ; 

J^Ua? tatawul. 
Encumber, v. ^ Ja» saqqal 'ala, 

yugaqqil; J**, ^ammal, yuham- 

mil ; »*Wi labbak, yulabbik. 
Encumbrance, a. [J>f* ta'amuj; 

Jtf giql (pi. JUift agqal) ; J*«? 

tagqil. — (family) JW* 'iyal. 
Encyclopedia, a. fj**N < ; ♦>* 

majma* al-uiuin (pi. g^W^ ma- 

End, a. (termination) \&\ intiha' ; 

f»\ ahir; fU*. hitam ; h^ gaya-t. 

— (aim) A*i qasd; (•)* 'azm; *>\/» 

murad. — (death) J<^ ajal (pi. 

JW\ ajal). 
End, v. a. (*+* tammam, yutammim ; 

J** kammal, yukammil ; ^4. 

hat am, yahtini; hat tain, yuhat- 

tim ; n. <j&\ intaha, yantahi. 
Endanger, v. jl»l*. ha^ar, yuha^ir. 
Endear, v. s-^*- habbab, yuhab- 

Endearment, a. s-^ ^ taljbib; 

s-*** 5 tahabbub. 
Endeavour, v. ^j*-. sa'a, yas'a; 

>*4*h\ ijtahad, yajtahid ; ^ jadd, 

Endeavour, a. *&*» jadd ; •xe* jahd ; 

a\qx+\ ijtihad ; £*-* himma-t. 
Endless, adj. hW & ^* ma la-hu 

nihaya-t; ^-*U dayim; ^5^ 

Endlessness, a. f^ daw am ; *^^ 

abad (pi. »>W^ abad, *>^»^ ubud) ; 

0^ hulud). 
Endemic, adj. ±$>A* baladi-y. 
Endorse, Endorsement, a. see 

Endow, v. )** jahhaz, yujahhiz ; 

#* mahar, yamhur ; J s-*; rattab 

li, yurattib. — (for pious uses) 

«Jtfjj waqaf, yaqif ; «-A*j\ auqaf , 

Endowment, a. y<&r tajhiz ; j**** 

tamhir; p» muhr. — (/or pious 

uses) «-ASj waqf (pi. <-ity auqaf, 

^Jfy wuquf). 
Endurance, a. y*» sabr; j^A 

iftibar; J**** tahammul. — (last- 

ingness) ^ baqa* ; j\j+*~*\ istim- 

rar. — (perseverance) ^\j^ mu- 

dawama-t; ^Uj\ idman; bb\y 

Endure, v. (bear) J**^ ihtamal, 

yahtamil ; J^*^ tahauimal, yata- 

hammal; ^ p*> sabar *ala, 

yasbur. — (last) ^a dam, yadum ; 

aV&w\ istaqam, yastaqim; ^u.\ 

istamarr, yastamirr. 
Enemy, a. ^ 'adii-w (pi. \j^\ a*da', 

^\st\ a*adi, «y\^c 'udat, ^J^ 

'udan, idan); ^Uaj dusuian 


Digitized by 





Energetic, adj. ^j* qawi-y ; f*t&* 

Energy, s. Z+\&k sahama-t; $y> 

quwwa-t (pi. ^jyi quwan, qiwan). 
Enervate, Enfeeble, v. «-A** 

<Ja"af, yu<Ja"if; UL_ju\ ad'af, 

yud'if ; J*s^ ahmal, yuhmil. 
Enervated, adj. ,3^ haflaq, hafal- 

Enervation, 8. <- fi g. * ^ ta<l A if ; u\*A 

Enforce, v. (strengthen) ^ qaw- 
wa, juqawwi. — {compel) p$\ 
alzam, yulzim; w— ^ gasab, 
yagsub; ff+\ ajbar, yujbir. 

Enforcement, s. fty\ ilzam ; p 
qahr; ^W ijbar. 

Enfranchise, v. <j!U atlaq, yu\- 
liq; j|^ harrar, yuharrir; && 
*ataq, ya'tiq. 

Enfranchisement, *. <3^ i^laq ; 
s}^\ i'taq. 

Engage, v.a. (occupy) J** saggal, 
yusaggil; rf\ alzam, yulzim. — 
(Aire) j+\ ajar, ya'jir, ya'jur.— 
(pledge) ^j rahan, yarhun, yar- 
hin ; ^\j rahan, yurahin ; n. 
(embark in business) ^ fy* 6ara' 
fi, yasra*. — (fight) J;U» ta'araq, 
yata'araq ; J»v» taqatal, yata- 

Engaged, adj. J)***** masgul, &c. 
—(betrothed) s-^ hittfb, hatfb ; 
J s^a** mahtub li. 

Engagement, s. (appointment) 
s— ^* mansab (pi. v^»^* mana- 
Bib); &*Jb) wazifa-t (pi. *-A*U^ 
wazayif) ; &«J* hidma-t (pi. *J^ 
feidam). — (battle) £jjW« muhara- 
b*-t; J^* qital; &?U* muqa- 
tala-t. — (to marry) &M> hutba-t. 

Engaging, adj. (captivating) *r>**W 

jazib (pi. s^V* jawazib). 
Engender, v. (beget) jJj walad, 
yalid. — (cause to exist) s-«*- sab- 
bab, yusabbib ; gsrt antaj, yun- 

Engine, «. *11 ala-t (pi. &)\ alat). 
Engineer, *. <j*<*+&* muhandis. 
Engrain, v. <>*te £*+ sab.ig gamiq, 

Engrave, v. {J& naqai, yanqas\ 
Engraver, *. \J»\& naqqas ; »*5^ 

Engraving, s. <J& naqs (pi. ^>j» 

Engross, t?. JW^ J** sagal al-bal, 

Engulf, v. gl* bala', yabla' ; g^ 

ibtala*, yabtali*. 
Enhance, v. j\) zad, yazid; **y 

zayyad, yuzayyid ; *>jj zawwad, 

Enhancement, s. >>k<*j\ izdiyad; 

£\£j\ irtifa'. — (of price) ***# 

tazwid ; £aU> tagliya-t. 
Enigma, s.yd lagz, lugz (pi. jU3\ 

algaz) ; y»j ramz (pi. jj*j rumuz). 
Enigmatic, Enigmatical, adj. yd* 

mulgaz ; ^m^ mu'amma. 
Enjoin, v. jA amar, ya'mur ; ^>y 

wassa, yuwassi; ^^ ausa, yfisi. 
Enjoy, v. Jb*. hagi, yal^za; &+s 

tamatta 1 , yatamatta 4 (botb with 

v» bi). 
Enjoyment, *. &+> tamattu* ; && 

talazzuz ; ^ju? tana"um. 
Enkindle, v. J*M ai*al, yiis*il; 

**}\ auqad, yuqid. 
Enlarge, v. g-»^ wassa', yuwassi' ; 

y£ kabbar, yukabbir ; Jy» ^awwal, 

ya^awwil. — (set free) JA± ballas, 

yuhallis ; «jU>\ atlak, yu^lik. 
Enlargement, s. *\i*$ izdiyad; 

j*& takbir ; g^-y tausi* ; £Uj\ 

Enlighten, v. U^ ada', yudi' ; rf 

nawwar, yunawwir. — (instruct) 

l^& *allam, yu'allim. 
Enlightenment, a. £f* tanwir; 

{*£** ta'lim. 
Enlist, v.a. h£~*R ^ ^JL-a ^abak 

fi-'l-'askariya-t, yasbuk ; n. J"**** 

a 4; ^*J\ ^ dahalfi-'l-'askariya-t, 

Enlistment, s. d\*&\ ia^ibak; 

yL^J\ ^ J^j duhM fi- , l- 

Enliven, v. (cheer) ^ basat, yab- 

su t ; Cr^ farrah, yufarruL — 

(make vigorous) ^y qawwa, yu- 

qawwi ; { j^ banima, yu^ammt 

Digitized by 





Enmity, s. S^ac 'adawa-t; o\>J* 

'udwan; Z+ya&~ husiima-t. 
Ennoble, s. <Jjt> sarraf , y usarrif ; 
)y* 'azzaz, yu'azziz; jb\ a'azz, 
Enormity, s. S^kabira-t. 
Enormous, adj. J*J^ sadid; j*£ 

Enough, adj., adv. &U$3^ bi-'l- 
kafaya-t; ^r* bass; <J& jakfa 
(3 aor.). 
Enough, s. ^ kafi; h^ kafa- 

ya-t ; s-*~*. hasb. 
Enrage, v. s~a* ga<J4ab, yugad- 

4ib ; s-~4*t ag^ab, yugdib. 
Enrapture, v. Ja«5\ s-£* salab al- 
'aql, yaslub; U*** sahta*, yu- 
Enrich, v. ^\ agna, yugni. 
Enrol, v. J*~ sajjal, yusajjil; 
j**«*N ^ **> qayyad fi-'d-daftar, 
Enrolment, *. J*%~J tasjil; ±*± 

Enshrine, v. qy*. hazan, yahzun, 

yahzin ; bfe» hafigfyahfaz. 
Enshroud, v. &£ kafan, yakfin ; 

kaffan, yukaflin. 
Ensign, s. (jlag) ^ 'alain (pi. 
(&*\ a'lam); &>\j raya-t ; j^ 
bairaq (pi. ,3 ; L* bayariq).— (Me 
bearer) j^^ bairaqdar; ;\aJ* 
'alamdar (pi. of both & -iya-t). 
Enslave, v. Ajas-\ ista'bad, yas- 
ta'bid; p\3 tam, yatim ; ^ tay- 
yam, yutayyim. 
Ensnare, v. £*^ vsJU- masak bi-'l- 
fahh, yamsuk; ^3^ ^ gi^ 
auqa' fi-'g-sarak, yuqi'. 
Ensue, v. &s taba', yatba* ; J~ 

hasal, yahsal ; *? tala, yatlu. 
Ensure, t;. see Insure. 
Entail, v. tf^jfl j***. hassas al- 

wirasa-t, yuhassis. 
Entail, s. ti\ } j\ j**** tahsis al- 

Entangle, v. i^ lahbat, yulah- 
bit ; csljA £abbak, yu^abbik ; Ji^ 
'arqal, yu'arqil. 
Entanglement, s. &***) lahba{a*t; 
£-»**• faabsa-t. 

Enter, v. A±a dahal, yadhul ; ^ 
walaj, yalij ; [J^- hass, yahuss. 

Enterprise, s. &+&• muhimma-t ; 
AoJU maqsad (\A. j^Uu maqa§id) ; 
Sy»U^ mubasara-t. 

Enterprising, adj. ^-W jasir ; 
jy~+ jastir. 

Entertain, v. (converse) ^> ta- 
kallam, yatakallam. — (as a host) 
^JU daf, yadif. — (divert) J- 
sal la, yusalli ; ^-^ anas, yu'auis. 
— (ketp) «-6l* kallaf, yukallif. 

Entertainer, s. cJUa* mudif ; 
&i\^\ s-o.Ld sahib ad-4iy»fa-t. 

Entertainment, s. (banquet) &W* 
diyafa-t ; ^UJ^ walima-t (pi. ^3j 
walayim) ; d-^j^ 'azuma-t. — 
(amusement) &Jfy nuzha-t ; &*jt 
farja-t; M lazza-t. 

Enthrone, v. (j~M ajlas, yujlis. 

Enthusiasm, s. ^V^^fc hayajan ; 
(jjU^A hayaman ; s— ««» ta*a§sub. 

Enthusiast, s. Enthusiastic, En- 
thusiastic al, adj. (*iS*> hayim; 
p\&~~» mustaham ; s-^*^* mu- 

Entice, v. ^£ gawa, yagwi ; gaw- 
wa, yugawwi ; ^y*S agwa, yugwi. 

Enticement, s. \j&\ igwa' ; b^W 

Entire, adj. *k tamm ; f\+s 

tiiinaiu ; J^^kamil ; ^^* eahil^. 

Entirely, adv. m ^J6 kulliy-an ; 

aJ^JW bi-l-kulliya-t. 
Entireness, Entirety, s. JUS' 
kamal; J«j^ takmil; l^ kul- 
Entitle, v. (name) {mS 4^» gamma, 
yusammi. — (give a title) s-Jfl 
laqqab, yulaqqib. — (authorise) 
^/y fawwa^, vufawwi^. 
Entity, s. ^^ kayin (pi. *z>\j$\S 
kayinat) ; ^y» maujiid (pi. 
**>\Af*y maujftdat). 
Entomb, v. pi qabar, yaqbur, yaq- 

bir ; (ji J dafan, yadfin. 
Entombment, s. j*o* inaqbar. 
Entrails, s. \****\ ahsa* ; &j\*~ 

Entrance, Entry, s. J^ duhul. 
— (door) J*.j^ uiadhat ; *t>W bab 

Digitized by 





(pi. v»V &bw&b, o^** bibAn). — 
{beginning) \±z*\ ibtida'. — (in a 
book) J*%~» tasjil ; W^ dabt. 
Entrance, v. Uo^A sah$at, yu$a^- 

Entbap, v. i±#*A\i *iL-^ masak bi- 

'l-misyada-t, yamsuk. — (take in) 

^t gais, yagu£s. 
Entbeat, v. ^f tarajja, yatarajja ; 

tyi* tadarra', vatadarra*. 
Entbeaty, 8. <*4*» talaba-t; g^> 

tadarru' ; J^ ibtihal. 
Entby, a. see Entrance. 
Entwine, v. j** dafar,yadfur ; §~i 

nasaj, yansij, yansuj. 
Enumerate, v. ±* 'add, ya'idd; 

^j**» hasa, yah si. 
Enumeration, u. *t*** ta'did ; U«^ 

Enunciate, v. (pronounce) Xfc — *i 

lafag, yalfiz; ^to talaffag, yata- 

laffaj. — (make known) p±\ ah bar, 

yuhbir ; ^» sahhar, yusahhir ; 

j&>\ aihar, yusliir. 
Enunciation, 8. tote talaffug. 
Envelop, v. o* Ut laff fi, yaluff ; 

^ cilfc gallaf bi, yugallif. 
Envelope, s. &^ lafafa-t (pi. U*\t& 

lafayif); ^*" inugallaf ; <JU 

gilaf (pi. *-A-l* gulf, guluf, 

Enviable, adj. ju-o? yuhsad. 
Envious, adj. JuW hasid (pi. *>t-a. 

hussad) ; *y-*- hasud. 
Environ, v. w> kU\ ahat bi, yuhit ; 

ty* hawwa^, yuhawwi^. 
Environs, «. J^ hawala; «^;M 

atraf ; jV* jawar. 
Envoy, *. J?~; rasul (pi. J-; rusul) ; 

J**- safir (pi. ^ sufara'). 
Envy, a. •*—»* hasad. 
Envy, v. •x-*. hasad, yahsid. 
Epicure, «., Epicurean, adj. ^»^* 

'ayyas; ^J^** batnani-y.^ 
Epidemic, adj. ^^ waba'i-y ; ^U 

sari; ^Jufc* niu'di; ^ watid. ^ 
Epidemic, *. Wj waba (pi. W^ auba', 

irf^ aubiya-t); & ; ^- &* 'illa-t 

Epiobam, 8. t>* qidh (pi. c^ 


Epigrammatic, Epiorammatical, 

adj. ^Ai qadbi-y. 
Epigrammatist, *. eto j*l* 6a'ir 

Epilepsy, 8. tr° 9ar* ; &£*\ U da' 

an-nuq^a-t; A-itt ^y marad 

Epileptic, 8. Zyr 6 " masru*; s^U* 

&&A\ \±* musab bi-da' an-nuq- 

Episcopacy, 8. 1<&J\ usqufiya-t, 

Episcopal, adj. ^J&-\ usqufi-y ; 

Episcopate, 8. £siL^ asafiqa-t (pi. 

of JU-1 usquf, " bishop "). 
Episode, 8. &>&*» hikava-t (pi. ^\^ 

hakaya) ; wS-o^ hadis. 
Epistle, 8. &Uj risala-t (pi. vu\ 

-at, JiUj rasayil) ; s-»y^* mak- 

Epistolary, adj. ^\ij raqa*i-y. — 

(epistolary hand) ^-cU^M ^ 

raqam ar-raqa*i-y). 
Epitaph, 8. ^ ^^ kitaba-t qabr ; 

pi (^^y^ *unwan qabr. 
Epithet, adj. &**> sifa-t ; &** na't 

(pi. «y^«i nu*ut) ; «-A* ; wasf (pi. 

<^*m ausaf) ; h-^J laqab. 
Epitome, 8.j~*3*+ muhtasar; ^Us*.^ 

ihtisar; y&* muqtasar; y-+y 

Epitomise, v. j*xd»\ ihtasar, yah- 

Epoch, 8. &j& ta'rih (pi. ffy\f 

Equability, Equableness, s. 

i^L-^ mu8awa-t; £*- sath (pi. 

eya- su^uh). 
Equable, adj. (smooth, uniform) 

^S){~* mu8awi ; t}*~~* musattah ; 

<J<M am las, f. UJU malsa*. 
Equal, adj. ^U*^ mutasawi ; JA« 

misl ; J~* masil ; ^ nagir. 
Equal, s. &j» qarin (pi. \ij> qu- 

rana ). 
Equal, v.a. i£y~ sawwa, yusawwi ; 

^U sawa, yusawi ; ^5^ aswa, 

yuswi ; n. <4)^—* tasawa, yata- 

Equalisation, 8. hy~* taswiya-t 

Digitized by 





Equality, Equalness, s. ^j^s 

tasawi ; S^U^ musawa-t. 
Equanimity, s. J^^ i'tidal ; y**> 

Equation, s. (in mathematics) &*Uu 

muqabala-t; &*>^ mu'adala-t. 
Equator, *. V~S\ ^ hat* al- 

istiwa' ; )W j J* 5 J**** niu'adil 

lail wa nahar; J^S\ ^ haft 

Equatorial, a<#. \j*~^ 1^4 s^~- **• 

mansxib li-haft al-istiwa\ 
Equbrry, 8. jf»\ j6"\ amir ahor 

Equestrian, adj. <J^£- hayali-y ; 

^5-.^ fanisi-y. 
Equiangular, adj. \£$\ ^ 

mutasawi az-zawaya. 
Equidistant, adj. <***$\ ^ 

mutasawi al-bu'd. 
Equidistance, 8. <***1\ J£* misl al- 
Equilateral, adj. $UN <^U*x* 

mutasawi al-a^la*. 
Equilibrium, 8. J^^ i'tidal ; 

fljU* mu'adala-t; &)\y muwa- 

zana-t ; g*- sanj (Pers.). 
Equine, adj. J^ hisani-y. 
Equinoctial, adj. ^J\*&\ i'tidali-y. 
Equinoctial, s. J*U\ j j\qA\ J^ 

mu'adil an-nahar wa-'l-lail. 
Equinox, s. } \qA\ j JeW J^J*^ 

i'tidal al-lail wa-'n-nahar. 
Equip, v. )«* jahhaz, yujabhiz. — 

(an army) ^U sallah, yusallih ; 

^ a'add, yu'idd. 
Equipage, 8. (equipment) Sjlc ( ud- 

da-t. — (carriage) hf 'araba-t. — 

(retinue) f+&&- hasam ; £t^j5tt at- 

tawabi' ; s-fj* maukab (pi. s-*^j* 

Equipment, 8. *•** 'udda-t ; y#r 

tajhiz; )\&* jahaz (pi. iy&\ aj- 

Equipoise, 8. &)V* muwazana-t. 
Equitable, adj. J*A* 'Mil. 
Equitablene8s, Equity, 8. J*vc 

'adl; &\±* 'adfila-t; *->U\ iusaf. 
Equivalent, adj. v^-** musawi ; 

<4)W jazi. 
Equivalent, *. <j*j* 'iwao 1 , 'awad. 

Equivocal, adj. q » ' « * * ^ ?u 

ma'nen ; f*6** mubham. 
Equivocate, v. ^^ abham, yub- 

Equivocation, 8. f>\&\ ibham. 
Equivocator, *. iy*&*+ masbiih. 
Era, s. &f\* ta'rih ; ^Uj zaman ; 

^»c 'asr (pi. jUc\ a^ar^^cHisur). 
Eradicate, v. J*'U^ ista'sal, yas- 

ta'sil ; j^\ <&+ &* qala' min al- 

jizr, yaqla*. 
Eradication, s. JW^ istiaal. 
Erase, v. ^i qasat, yaq&t ; o^* 

maha, yamhi. 
Eraser, 8. 1«**ju miqsat (pi. ^ate* 

Erasure, 8. j*+ mahu ; 5j%** mah- 

Erect, v. s—«* nasab, yansub ; (*W 

aqam, yuqim. 
Erect, adj. s «—«. ? „ ; - munta§ib ; 

^ A - *-.* mustaqim. 
Erection, «. *^ iqama-t ; s~-» 

nasb. — (building) Uj bina* (pi. 

Lj*\ abniya-t) ; SjUc 4 imara-t. 
Erectne8s, 8. ^*y qauma-t. 
Ermine, 8. vV- sinjab (Pers.) ; 

f*y»U qaqum, ^Vi qaqum (TttrA:.). 
Erosion, *. ^ akl. 
Erosive, adj. J^ akkal; ^^ 

Err, v. (go astray) J* 4^1 yadill ; 

&^5 tah, yatih. — (commit errors) 

^ galit, yaglat ; J^> dall, ya^ill. 
Errand, 8. a**; wasiya-t (pi. W^ 

Errant, Erratic, adj. a*Vj tayih ; 

JU dall. 
Erratum, «. ^ galat. 
Erroneous, adj. Ute galit; (^^A6 

galtan ; U*^ mugalla^. 
Error, s. J^ dalal ; ^ gurur ; 

ALU gal^a-t. 
Eructation, 8. {JA fas^. 
Erudite, ac?;. ^^c *alim (pi. UIc 

*ulama) ; W^c 4 allama-t. 
Erudition, ». p^ 'ilm ; ^** ma'ri- 

fa-t ; (J*}\ a*-. si*a-t al-'ilm. 
Eruption, 8. (of a volcano) ^ W e^ 

^Vj J^^ hayajan jabal nar; S^ 

faura-t. — (cutaneous disease) ys* 

Digitized by 





basr (pi. jjj*» bugur ; v»>* jarab ; 

Sjj*. buriij ; **& tuf^a-t. 
Escalade, s. ^JUt-H *yu> siTud as- 

salalim ; &*** sab'ata-t. 
Escalade, v. sjL~* tasallaq, yata- 

sallaq ; <J - U ' ft J tasVlaq, yata- 

Escapb, v. W* naja, yanju ; ^»*U 

falat, yaflit. 
Escapb, s. &r najat ; ^>^ balas. 
Escarpment, *. j^ badur ; J*« 

Eschew, v. &• s^ harab min, 

yahrub ; s-*m»^ ijtanab, yajta- 

ESCORT, v. /** bafar, yabfir, yab- 

fur; baffar, yubaffir; /fc gafar, 

yagfir; gaffar, yugaffir; &** 

sayya', yusayyi*. 
Escobt, s. /** bafar ; J& gafar. 
Esculent, ad;. J*ji yukal; J**^ 

Esculent, «. Jfl ukl, ukul. 
Especial, ad;. j*y±" mabeue ; 

j**a*+ muhtass ; (j*j**- bususi-y. 
Especially, adv. *Uj-*- bueuean; 

o^^W bi-'l-abass. 
Espionage, s. <j~e— **tajsis ; <j*^— s*\ 

Esplanade, s. Mj raqba-t ; 

fusba-t ; (j^-e^ maid an 

(^tol** mayadin). 
Espousal, #. t^j zawaj ; 

Espouse, r. &tf tazawwaj, yata- 

zawwaj. — (adopt) J^ ittahaz, 

Espy, v. <j~~qr tajassas, yatajassas ; 

***** V <j\> ra ' a niin ba'id, ya'ra. 
Esquire, *. •**- sayyid, sid (pi. 

*>l*-\ asyad, «*UU sadat) ; ^Jutf 

a&ndi (ZWft.). 
Essay, #. {endeavour) v yt- sa'y; 

-*♦* jabd ; A*i qasd. — (frioZ) ***r 

tajnba-t ; s-**r tajrib ; ;^ 'iyftr. 

— (treatise) UU ; risala-t (pi. «a>! 

-*t) J* u ; rasayil). 
Essay, v. (endeavour) ±*++\ ijtabad, 

jajtahid. — (try) s^ jarrab, yu- 

jarrib ; ^ *ayyar, yu'ayyir. 
Essence, #. «>U zat ; M^ inabi- 

( P i. 

ya-t; j*j* jaubar (pi. y^>* 
jawahir) ; ^ 'ain (pi. gjU 
'uyun); ^ kunb. — (best part, 
cream) **) zabad (pi. *\i)\ azbad) ; 
fij^ij zubda-t (pi. jw zubad). — 
(perfume) ]** 4 it r (}>*• )J** *iHur). 

Essential, od;. ^U zati-y; ^M 
a*li-y ; %3»r* 4ururi-y. 

Establish, v. fto\ aqain, yuqim ; 
«-Aij\ auqaf, yuqif; j^ qarrar, 
yuqarrir ; s-*** nasao, yansub. 

Establishment, s. £*Urt iqama-t ; 
i»Wi qiyam; w/ tartib; g^ 
wad 4 (pi. g^ au<Ja')- 

Estate, s. (property, especially 
landed) JU mal (pi. J\j^ am- 
wal) ; *U* milk, malk (pi. *>M 
amlak) ; ;^* 'aqar. 

Esteem, v. y*\ a*zz, yu*izz ; jt**\ 
i*tabar, ya'tabir. 

Esteem, «. M* ma*azza-t; jW^^ 
i'tibar; f>\/\ ikram ; s^u-**. 

Estimable, adj. yiy* 'aziz ; ^ai 
yu*azz ; ^-»^ mu'tabar ; <J^*~* 
jWsc^\ mustabiqq al-i'tibar. 

Estimate, v. &** samman, yu§am- 
min ; f~ sa"ar, yusa 4 *ir; {$+** 
bainman, yubammiu ; *- i " ~s *\ 
ibtasab, yabtasib. 

Estimate, s. <j*+£ tasmin ; **2<&«? 
; U-3\ tabdid al-as^r; s^--* 
bisab; v-**** tahmin; j -t p -J 

Estimation, s. (esteem) jWsc^ i'ti- 
bar. — (opinion) «^\) ra i (pi. \j\ 
ara') ; ^ zann (pi. (^^*i zunun). 

Estrange, v. •»«* ba"d, yuba"id ; 
{^ jy faraq ben, yafruq. 

Estrangement, s. v3V firaq; J ^ 
ib*ad; ^ gurba-t; ^y nawa; 
^i»i qatra-t (pi. gjUu qa^ayi 4 ). 

Estuaby, *. j*} (** fumm nabr (pi. 
f*Ui\ afmam, &\yl\ afwah). 

Et cetera, Etc., adv. *^ ^ wa 
gairu-hu ; \j+ (A*> balluma jarran ; 
^5^ abbrev. of */»} J\ ila abiri- 

Etch, v. s }+)\ W J& naqai bi-ma' 
al-ball, yanqu^. 

Etching, s. ij& naq£. 


Digitized by 





Eternal, adj. <J)\ azali-y; ^$^\ 

abadi-y ; ^->^ dayim ; ^J^- 

sarmadi-y ; <Jh baqi. 
Eternity, a. Jj^ azal; &*}j\ azali- 

ya-t ; **\ abad ; h**\ abadiya-t ; 

(*\)J dawara ; ^• r - sarmad. 
Ether, a. \y* hawa' ; jJM *&U* falak 

al-asir ; p?\ asir. 
Etherial, adj. o*V* bawayi-y. 
Etiquette, a. ^ceremonial) ^\/S\ 
. al - qawanin. — (manners, good 

breeding) s^jft al-wujfib; v*^ 

Etymological, adj. ^iUae^ i^ti- 

Etymology, s. jUx^ ^lc <ilm i^ti- 

qaq ; jtokt i^tiqaq ; f$&\ J r \ 

usul al-kalam. 
Etymon, a. J*\ asl. 
Eucharist, a. ^-J^uft gltyft al- 

qurban al-muqaddas. 
Eulogise, v. j^* majjad, yumaj- 

jid; •^•^ amjad, yumjid. 
Eulogistic, adj. a^ »* mumajjid. 
Eulogium, Eulogy, 8. ±#±*s tani- 

jid ; »Uft» hamd ; c«** madh. 
Eunuch, a. ^-^ ha$i-y (pi. oW- 

husyan) ; o^jk t aw ^i-y (pl« ^ 

Euphonious, ad;. ^^A gaji-y ; 

«t>jj\ v^Jlc 'azib as-saut; Jst^ 

g » *J3 laziz li-'s-sam*. 
Euphony, 8. f*> ^^ 'azuba-t 

nagam; q\^\ ilhan. 
Evacuate, v. £/ farrag, yufarrig ; 

^-tf fadda, yufaddi; Jk» halla, 

yuhalli. — (by stool) &A$ Je~ J ta- 

sahhal batn-hu, yatasahhal. 
Evacuation, a. £*/> tafrig; SJ** 

tahliya-t. — (o/ Me body) jta 

biraz ; u"^* majlis ; $/*~\ isti- 

Evade, v. J^ hawal, yuhawil. 
Evanescence, a. J^j zawal ; Ui 

Evanescent, ad/. ^^ f ani ; 'JH>V* 

f ayit ; Ja\j zayil. 
Evangelical, adj., Evangelist, a. 

oWl injili-y. 
Evangelisation, s. ^y^rN fi^U* 

bisara-t al-anjil. 

Evaporate, u. i^. j**f ta$a"ad 

buharan, yatasa"ad. 
Evaporation, a. .**-» tasa"ud. 
Evasion, 8. &**- hiia-t (pi. J**> 

hiyal) ; ^ hujja-t (pi. g^p- 

Evasive, ariy. J**** muta'allil. 
Evasiveness, a. JU? ta'allul. 
Eve, Even, Evening, a. *~* masa' ; 

U*rt al- 4 isT ; M^ 'aiiya-t. 
Even, adj. (ZeveZ) <j£*~-* musawi; 

^j*— *• mustawi. — (even number) 

Cjj zauj. — (placid) &&\ <^- 

sakin at-jab*. 
Event, a. J>M 'arid (pi. u*;V 

'awarid); £j*A». hadisa-t (pL 

^i>j^ hawadig). — (outcome) ;*>W 

sadir; j*V^ ha?il. 
Eventful, adj. AfoL. ^j zu hadi- 
Eventual, adj. ^^ ittifaqi ; g5^ 

Eventuality, a. ^\ ittifaq ; ^*5^ 

waqi'a-t ; %**y inauqa'a-t. 
Ever, adv. *W^ dayiman; *\<*\ 

abad an. 
Everlasting, adj. ^^ halid ; ^*> 

dayim ; ^yW baqi. 
Every, adj. J* kull. 
Everybody, Everyone, a. ^ Ji 

kull abad ; ^ J^ kull wahid. 
Everyday, adj. (common) ^\<jx\ 

i*tiyadi-y ; *&*** uiu'tad. 
Everywhere, adv. &>** J^ ^ fi 

kull rnauoV ; ^^* J^ ^ fi kull 

Evidence, 8. (testimony) IS^u £&- 

hada-t ; t^ idah; ^ bayyina-t. 

— (witness) J^^*» sahid (pi. ^^ 

Evidence, v. (jorove) ^^ bayyan, 

yubayyin ; *a~£\ a§bat, yugbit. — 

(give testimony) «*e^ s*ahid, yai- 

had. — (make clear) j$>\ aghar, 

yughir ; £*j waddah, yuwa<jldib. 
Evident, adj. y^^ gahir; ^\y 

wadih ; ^^- sa^i* ; ^ bahir. 
Evil, adj. ^^ radi-y (pi. \>*)\ 

ardiya) ; ^ ^arir (pi. j\j*\ 

asrar) ; ^- sau, su ; J^Vc 'atil. 
Evil, s. j* sarr (pi. ^ iurur) ; 

Digitized by 





&e*\*y dahiya-t (pi. ^yfc^ da- 

wahi) ; oUi fasad. 
Evince* v. **~*\ asbat, yusbit ; j$M 

azhar, yuzhir. 
Evoke, v. k j^x^J\ istad'a, yastad'i ; 

j**\ ahdar, yuhdir. 
Evolution, 8. jj^» tahlil ; ^^-^ 

Evolve, v. *aXi fakk, yafukk. 
Ewb, 8. A«^i ganama-t ; U^*i na'ja-t 

(pi. «*\ -at, gUi ni'aj). 
Eweb, *. ij>ji\ ibriq (pi. «jtyV|\ aba- 

riq> &;W\ abariqa-t). 
Exact, ad/. Ly*±* madbut; <3JJ* 

mudaqqiq; £-**- eafcik; ^ 

Exact, t?. s-& (alab, yatfub; ^\ 

alzam, yulzim. 
Exaction, 8. &-JvW» mufcalaba-t ; &«lt 

balsa-t ; s-JL. salb ; ^i/» tagrim. 
Exactness, Exactitude, «. W-* 

^abt ; A**> diqqa-t ; ^.tf tadqiq ; 

£^« $ahha-t. 
Exaggbbate, t?. ^ £5V| balag fi, 

yubalig; ^ kabbar, yukabbir; 

1^* farrat, yufarrit ; (&* 4 azsam, 

Exaooebation, *. £*1W* mubala- 

ga-t ; «*£? takbir ; W/> taf rit ; 

U/\ ifrat. 
Exalt, *. £*> rafa', yarfa'; J^ 

'alia, yu'alli ; psik fahham, yu- 

f ah him. 
Exaltation, 8. gVtf^ irtifa* ; &Jk*\ 

Examination, «. e~~; bahg ; ,ja^ 

fahs; i/&-**> tafahhu?; <$W^ 

Examine, v. j*** fahas, yafljas; 

<^^ imtaban, yamtahin. 
Example, #. J^u masai (pi. JU*\ 

amgal) ; JU* migal (pi. £LU^ 

amgala-t); Sy* qidwa-t; fi^ 

*ibra-t (pi. ^c *ibar) ; fc«>j*rt un- 

Exaspeeate, v. fa\ augar, yugir ; 

•*~^ ag^ab, yug^ib; Ufc\ agaz, 

yugiz; vj^j zahhaq, yuzahhiq. 
Exaspeeation, 8. fijto- fridda-t; 
jUjj zahaq; K* gaiz; i^*^ 


Excavate, t>. /&■ hafar, yahfir; 

c^afci fahat, yafhat ; <j&** nabai, 

Excavation, 8. j\^J\ ihtifar;^ 

haf r. — (hollow) /** hafar ; »/&. 

Exceed, v. (surpass) j^-i faq, 

yafuq ; J* *>\j zad 'ala, yazid. 

— (go too far) ^s*** ta'adda, ya- 

ta'addi ; j^W^ tajawaz, yatajawaz. 
Exceeding, Exceedingly, adv. 

"W jiddan ; A*U15 li-'l-gaya-t ; 

"\y*£ kagiran ; ^W bi-'z-zaud. 
Excel, v. J** fadal, yafcjui; J^*^ 

af^al, yufdil ; jVi faq, yafuq. 
Excellence, Excellency, 8. J^* 

fadl (pi. JU*\ af^al) ; SLM fadi- 

la-t (pi. JjUi fadayil); Sj^ 

juda-t ; S&ft bari*a-t. — (title) 

iyi*» hadra-t ; SoU- sa*ada-t. 
Excellent, Excelling, adj. J^U 

fa^il ; <-*«/• sarif ; J^* jayyid. — 

(pi. *>W jiyad, ^W jay ay id) ; 

J-^Ai nafis ; £;W Mri*. 
Except, v. { j**z~\ istasna, yastasni. 
Except, conj. q\ $\ ilia ann ; J^» 

baid ; q\ J^» baid ann. 
Except, prep. u&± hilaf ; j^t gair ; 

\^- , ^y* sawa ; o;*> dun ; \j^ 

'ada; UUma 'ada. 
Exception, 8. Uis-\ istigna'. 
Exceptionable, adj. ** & *«• mu- 

Exceptional, ooj. Uis-^, ^i& z** 

Excess, «. L\fl ifrk\; •>$ zaud; 

SjV>j ziyada-t ; ^W^ mubalaga-t. 

— (intemperance) ^ naham ; ^c 
cjUc ( adam *afaf; d\+&\ inhi- 

Excessive, ooj. J«\j zayid; j^W*^ 

mutajawiz ; 1^-JU mufrit ; 7-*^ 

Exce88IVEness, 8. j^V tajawuz ; 

ty\ ifra^. 
Exchange, ». Jjkj badal, yabdil ; 

^\ abdal, yubdil. 
Exchange, «. J«M badal ; J\j^ 

bidai ; J4*M tabdil ; flow* mu- 

badala-t ; &*jU* mu < awa4a-t. 
Exchangee, 0. *J^ sarraf ; J*?** 

Digitized by 





sairafi-y (pi. &jV*- sayarifa-t, 

<-*;^ sayarif). 
Exchequer, «. &j*. bazna-t ; &»)*. 

hazina-t (pi. <£*y* bazayiu). 
Excise, 0. ^-) rasin (pi. ^ 

rusuni) ; *-A*l# taklif (pi. U^S 

takaiif ) ; ; W bahar. 
Excision, «. ^5 qat\ 
Excite, v. ge» bayyaj, yuhayyij ; 

»*^ tiarrak, yufcarrik ; ^/^ bar- 

raiji, yuijarri^ ; j*&*~\ istanbatf, 

Excitement, s. J^ tahrik ; J^f^ 

ta^i*i(J ; £)l%eA bayajan. 
Exclaim, 0. t/* sarab, yasroh ; x^° 

sal?, yajifc; j^; za'aq, yaz'aq ; 

«~Asa hataf, yabtif ; W* 'ayyaj, 

Exclamation, e. byo sarba-t ; £V 

surab ; toy za'qa-t ; c^° siyak ; 

«-JUa butaf ; %a>y saut (pi. *a>\y\ 

Exclude, t?. ^ baram, ya^rim ; 

£** mana', yamna'; <J* nafa, 

yaiifi; ^ ab'ad, yub'id; *>U 

zad, yazud. 
Exclusion, «. £-*• man'; f^- 

Exclusive, adj. g>U mani*. 
Exclusively, adv. if tj^ barij 

Excommunicate, v. ^ barani, 

y at rim. 
Excommunication, s. ^ birm; 

f»^ burum. 
Excoriate, v. ^aj qa&ar, y uqai^ir ; 

•*W jallad, yujallid. 
Excoriation, *. j**** taqsir. 
Excrement, s. \j*> bira* ; £~; 

wasab ; j\^ biraz. 
Excrescence, s. *>; waram (pL f>\#\ 

auram); Jjty gu'lui (pi. JJ\I 
Excruciating, o$. s-»^* niu'az- 

Exculpate, v. a. y* £*<* safab "an, 
yasfafc; j** 4 azar, ya'zir; # 
barrar, yubarrir. — (onestlf) )±*&\ 
i'tizar, ya'tazir j jpS tabarrar, ya- 
Exculpation, $. j±* 4 izr, uzr (pi. 

jW\ a'zar) ; ^Jset i'tizar ; I)*** 

nia'zira-t (pi. j3U* ma'azir). 
Excursion, s. (pleasure-trip) tj* 

tafarruj : &ty nuzba-t. — {hostile 

excursion) %^t gaziya-t ; 8^ 

Excusable, adj. »±** ma'zur; 

jS*}\ s-%^ wajib al-'izr (*uzr). 
Excuse, s. j±* 'izr, 'uzr (pi. )\&*\ 

a'zar) ; SjJ** ma'zira-t (pi. jJU* 

ma'azir); »\Axe\ i'tizar. — (pre- 
text) j\±* imzar. 
Excuse, v. ^ *azar, ya'zir; jSs\ 

a'zar, yu'zir; "1;^ J*j qabil 

'izran, yaqbal. 
Execrable, adj. *jp&« makruh ; 

&2j£ karib ; ^y^* ma'lun. 
Execrate, v. (curse) ^ la'an, 

yal'an ; (j*H la'an, yula'in ; ^ 

J^ da'a 'ala, yad'i.— (detest) a/ 

barib, yakrab. 
Execration, s. ^^la'na-t; fi)y^-\ 

istikrab ; Z*\/ karaba-t. 
Execute, v. (perform) (*+* tam- 

mam, yutammim ; J^ kammal, 

yukammil; Sa\ anfaz, yuntlz. — 

( put to death) J** qatal, yaqtul. 
Execution, s. ( performance) fUs**\ 

ibtitam ; ^Ui tamam ; J**& tak- 

mil ; U*\ im^a*. — (of a criminal) 

J* qatl. 
Executioner, s. «~i^~ say yaf ; o^ 

jaJlad ; J^Aa* mas^l'ili-y. 
Executive, s. (*£+)\ al-^nkm; 

p£^\ al-tukkam. 
Executor, s. vJ ^ wasi-y (pi. W»^ 

Exemplary, adj. "ijt* ytf kayin 

'ibratan; ***+ mu'tabar; £^+ 

Jt£*J\ mali$ al-migal. 
Exemplify, v. J** maggal, yumas- 

gil ; J^» tamaggal, yatamasgal ; 

*te+ sj*/* 4arab miglan, ya4rib. 
Exempt, adj. u\*+ mu'af; ^W* 

mu'afa ; *y- munazzab. 
Exempt, v. Uc «afa, ya'fu; <J*\ 

a'fa, yu'fi. 
Exemption, s. Ze*\** mu'afiya-t. 
Exercise, s. (labour) J*a» iugl ; 

JUa»i\ iitigal.— (pfoch'c«) ^U^ 

idman ; <^;U- mumarasa-t ; i^e*. 

Digitized by 





hibra-t — (driU) Utj riyatfa-t ; 

+J*s ta'lini. — (motion) &f» hara- 

Exercise, v. (practise) &£+ maras, 

yumaris ; j+* 'amil, ya'mal. — 

(instruct and drill) {S* 'allam, 

yu'allim ; <J* s^ J darrab 'ala, 

yudarrib; jt>» rawwacj, yuraw- 

w *d ; <$/• marran, yumarnn. 
Exert, v. (put into action) J*-^ 

a'mal, yu'mil; J**s~\ ista*mal, 

yasta'mil ; J^ ajhad, yujhid. — 

(strive) *>** jahad, yajhad ; J*s^ 

ijtahad, yajtahid. 
Exertion, s. •**» jahd; oVe*^ 

ijtihad ; ^^yt- sa'i. 
Exhalation, s. &*-£ faufca-t ; jV*». 

Exhale, v. («cen*) t^* fak yafufc, 

Exhaust, v. <&\ anfad, yunfid ; 

«-*> saffat, yuiiffit. 
Exhaustion, s. o ^a a j talfit. 
Exhibit, t?. ^\ ajhar, yuztar ; ^^ 

aura, yuri ; ^^ 'aratf, ya'ruij ; 

v/y farai, yafru$. 
Exhibition, «. ,>/* 'ar<J; ^/^ 

i*r&4 ; jW azhar ; v>/ fars\ 
Exhilarate, v.a. get bahaj, yab- 

haj ; bahhaj, yubahhij ; geri 

abhai, yubhij ; t/ farrab, yu- 

Exhilabation, «. t/ f arafc ; #/» 

tafrilj; &%6» bahja-t. 
Exhobt, v. Ikcj wa'az, ya'ij ; ^ 

au'az, yii'iz ; ^ arsad, yur*id ; 

C«i najfab, yansalj. 
Exhortation, #. We* wa*z; &ej 

wa'za-t ; oU^ irsad ; *«-» nasi- 

fca-t ; s-^y" targib. 
Exhumation, «. <j*** naba\ 
Exhume, o. <j*** nabai, yambul; 

u*j^ <£* fcj*^ abraj min al-anj, 

Exigence, Exigency, s. %))/* <Jaru- 

ra-t; 2*W b&ja-t; t\r*+\ iliti- 

Exigent, <u#. ^yU mulzim ; ^j*> 

Exile, *. (&ant>Ame*tf) *JL tarad; 

^/* nafi; ^*\ mtiia'. — (the per* 

son) *>)»• matrud; ^ tarid; 

J*/— - niusarkal. 
Exile, v. *>f* tarad, yatrad ; ^J* 

nafa, yanil ; J*r- sarkal, yusar- 

Exist, v. q\& kan, yakun ; ^ 

wujid, yujad (to be found). 
Existence, s. <$f kaun, kon ; *f*y 

Existing, adj. &V kayin; ^y 

Exit, *. g^/- huruj ; s^*»* zahab. 
Exonerate, v. \ji barra', yubarri' ; 

tf barrar, yubarrir; y** 'azar, 

Exoneration, s. ^ 'azr; kp! 

Exorbitance, s. Jail** mubalaga-t ; 

j^V tajawuz. 
Exorbitant, adj. g\*+ mubalig; 

);V^ mutajawiz ; J^J^ jy fauq 

Exorcise, v. <J* ft* <azam 'ala, 

ya'zim ; 'azzam 'ala, yu c azziui. ' 
Exorcism, s. &•*)& ( azima-t (pi. 

^&Uc 'azayim) ; ^Uju-\ istiqsam ; 

^\LmAJ\ Sjft.a~ mad^ara-t a^-saitan. 
Exorcist, #. f\y* *azzam ; ^.» &? ..*..^ 

Exotic, adj. s-4^ garib (pi. v»\^ 

agrab, ^ guraba') ; <j*-**\ ajna- 

bi-y ; *t>£+* majlib. 
Expand, v,a. L~* basa^, yabsut; 

v>/ farai, yafrus ; farras\ yufar- 

^ ; C*^ wassa*, yuwassi* ; n. 

W--i\ imbasat, yambasit ; y***\ 

intaiar, yantaiir. 
Expanse, *. ^*-^ wasa'-t; &-* 

basta-t ; ^-i f usfca-t. 
Expansion, «. ^Ai nasr ; *A*uj»\ im- 

tidad; k^ tabsit; tL^i^ imbi- 

Expatiate, v. ffc^N jy. tawwal al- 

kalam, yufawwil. 
Expatriate, v. ^ tarad, ya^rud j 

^tt nafa, yanfi ; tr*L ^affas, yu- 

Expatriation, «. ^ tarad ; \&\ 

Expect, v>J&\ intazar, yantazir; 

fto*~\ istangar, yastauairj s-^/ 

Digitized by 





taraqqab, yataraqqab; gij? ta- 
waqqa% yatawaqqa'. 


intizar; j*iii-t Htmiar; A-y 

tara#sad ; *^y taraqqab. 
Expectorate, r. Jp tazaq, yab- 

joq ; ££** tanafeha% yatanahliA* ; 

p+a tanahham, jatanahham 
Expectoration, j. ,jtj* bozaq; 

^i# tanahho* ; f ^* -* tanhim. 
Expedient, adj. ,3*3 layiq ; %^-U* 

Expedient, s. **2^ {ariqa-t ; «*^ J* 

tadirak ; £*-tj wasita-t (pL «^ 

Expedience, Expediency, s. a*U 

liyaqa-t ; £ j .V;.* monasaba-t. 
Expedite, r. J** *ajjal, yn'ajjil; 

ZyA asra% yusri' ; $p rawwaj, 

Expedition, #. (Ao*fe) A%e 'ajala-t; 

i-^- sar*a-t; g-i^? tarwij. — 

(journey) £~ safar (pL ;V*J 

asfar). — (military) ^r tajrid 

(pi. JtyW 1 tajarid) ; *»jte gaziya-t. 
Expeditious, adj. Jj%* 'ajul; lȣ* 

na&t ; #7- sari 4 . 
Expel, t?. ^ {arad, ya$rud; £**> 

data*, yadfa* ; g/^ ahraj, ynhrij. 
Expend, v. «J^ saraf, yasrif, yas- 

ruf; sarraf, yusarrif; «-*l£? ta- 

kallaf, yatakallaf; <j*rt anfaq, 

Expenditure, s. e/»harj (pi. &f\ 

ahraj, ^/-) ahrija-t, ©0^ aha- 

maaarif; ; &tf nafaqa-t (pL «y\ 

-At, jU> nifaq) ; jW\ infaq. 
Expense, b. &tf kulfa-t (pi. uU* 

Expensive, adj. (cosily) JVfc gali. 

— (extravagant) j±t+ mubazzir; 

«^** musrif (uy- • musrif). 
Expensiveness, 8. (costliness) Ite 

ffalA\ — (extravagance) ^i\j-~\ 

israf; u&talf. 
Experience, 0. «>*-**. bubra-t, 

bibra-t; jW*^ ibtibar; **/r taj- 

Experience, v. v/r tajarrab, ya- 


Experien ced, adj.js*** habir; j*U 

Experiment, #. ij^ tajriba-t (pL 

«***r tajarib) ; <£W^ imtihan. 
Experxkent, r. v*^ jarrab, yu- 

Experxxxntal, adj. ^U^ imti- 

Expert, adj-, s. ja± habir; j*\+ 

Expertxess, «. ;^** mahar ; i;^A 

Expiable, adj.j*i yngfar (3 pass.). 
Expiate, r. &*■ f& kaffar 'an, yu- 

kaffir; ej^ ywu-^ istagfar min, 

Expiation, $. *£& kaffara-t ; j**& 

takfir ; jt**^ is|igf ar ; h* diya-t. 
Expiatory, adj. ^j***^ istdg- 

f ari-y ; «4f**» takliri-y. 
Expiration, #. (conclusion) \&\ 

intina'. — (last breath) *--** nabb. 
Expire, r. (breathe out) <j~&£ ta- 

naffas, yatanaffas. — (die) <jr** 

&-*> qada nahba-hu, yaqdi; f±- 

CjjH sallam ar-riih, yusallim. — 

(terminate) ^e^^ intaha, yantabi. 
Explain, p. ;—* fassar, yufassir; 

P* 'abbar, yu'abbir; c/» sarab, 

jairah ; *** fahham, yufahhim ; 

J^ awwaljyu'awwU. 
Explanation, s. ^-^ taf sir ; &?** 

tasrih ; ^W* bayan ; J^V* ta*^^. 
Explanatory, adj. ^W* bayani ; 

iSjt-ts tafsiri-y. 
Expletive, adj. *A) zayid ; ^^\ 

Explicit, adj. j*^ zahir; ^^ 

EXPLICITNB88, 8. c^ i<$h ; W/* 

saraha-t ; ^W bayan. 
Explode, v. ,J^\ intalaq,yantaliq. 
Exploit, s. £♦*• muhimma-t ; 5y»L 

Explore, v. u~~*r tajassas, yata- 

jassas ; 0^** fahas, yafhas. 
Explorer, s. &»• mut^alli 4 ; u » T * 

mutajassis ; ^ rayid. 
Explosion, s. &&* ^alqa-t.^ 
Exponent, s. (in alg.) tyM ^ j 

dalil al-quwwa-t ; )**> jadr. 

Digitized by 





Export, v. &/A ahraj, yuhrij ; J» 

naqal, yanqul. 
Export, Exportation, s. e^ 

i^*\ Si^\ J\ Jt r Jt ihraj al- 

amwal ila-'l-bilad al-ajnabiya-t ; 

fy S%i Jt <*»U-ft yu safar al- 

badayi* ila bilad barra. 
Expose, v. (put in view) j$\ azbar, 

yuzbir; v/r* 'arrad, yu'arrid. — 

(put in danger) jlaafcU ^f. 'arad 

H-'l-hafar, ya'rid. — (cast off) ^ 

rama, yarmi ; *«5/ tarak, yatruk. 

— (to infamy) ^i* fadah, yafdah. 
Exposition, s. (explanation) ««>** 

ta'bir ; gW* bayan ; j*~JS taisir ; 

tj* £arh (pi. ty* Sunih). 
Expositor, *. tjj* 6arih (pi. tV* 

hurrah); y~*~ mufassir. 
Expostulate, v. s-*?U 'atab, yu- 

'atib ; j^ anzar, yunzir. 
Expostulation, s. &*$U* mu'ata- 

ba-t ; s^ 4 itab. 
Exposure, *. (disclosure) j\-&\ 

izhar; Urt ifsa* ; £-tf fadh. 
Expound, v. ^-i fassar, yufassir. 
Express, adj. £*\) wadih; <j*** 

mu'ayyan ; $y* sarih. 
Express, *. (messenger) ^L. sa'i 

(pi. ts?U~ su'at) ; flV % «? , ^ isti*- 

jala-t ; ^ barid ; ^j* tatari-y. 
Express, v. (squeeze out) y* 'agar, 

ya'sir. — (by language, writing, 

&c!) W lafaz, yalfiz; &* bay- 

yan, yubayyin; ^ na$aq, yan- 

tuq; &* j** 'abbar 'an, yu'ab- 

Expression, s. ^5 laf z ; b*l? talaf- 

fuz ; 3jl** 4bara-t. — (0/ the 

features, &c.) &** hiya-t. 
Expres8Iye, adj. j^s - ^ \ ±t±*» sadid 

at-ta'bir ; { J*) wasfi-y. 
Expressiveness, s. «-A-»jN S^s quw- 

wa-t al-wasf ; <>J\*3\ ittisaf. 
Expulsion, s. $\/A ihraj ; ^ 

tard ; £**> daf. 
Expunge, v. ^5** maha, yamhi ; 

v-U* Dallas, yutallis; **^ hakk, 

Exquisite, adj. &<>* badi*; {j~*u 

nafis ; £-JU malih (pi. c^* milah, 

C*M amla^). 

Exquisiteness, 8. iftVJaX latafa-t ; 

UU malaha-t ; &-U* naf asa-t. 
Extant, adj. *fty maujud; J\* 

Extemporaneous, Extemporary, 

adj. o* 1 ^ badihi-y. 
Ex tempore, adv. "SW^ irtijalan. 
Extempore speech, *. t\fi\ iq- 

Extemporise, u. J**^ irtajal, yar- 

tajil ; tf^ iqtarah, yaqtarih. 
Extend, v. (stretch (rut) £** 3abah, 

yasbah; ** madd, yamudd. — 

(enlarge) £~j wassa*, yuwassi*. 
Extension, s. S\x*\ iintidad ; *t±+S 

tamdid ; £*-y tausi*. 
Extensive, adj. •>)*+* mamdftd; 

(j^^ ^rid ; £-*• muttasi*. 
Extensiveness, Extent, s. $~s\ 

ittisa* ; a*- sa'at. 
Extenuate, v. (lessen) ^ raqqaq, 

yuraqqiq. — (palliate) ^ 'azar, 

ya*zir ; &~» *S ahsan, yuhsin. 
Extenuation, s. &j riqqa-t ; J*te 

taqlil. — (palliation) j±2 'azr. 
Exterior, adj. ^^ zabir; g;U. 

Exterior, s. ^* manzar; yfeli 

zahir ; k*y ru'ya-t. 
Exterminate, v. *•*> dammar, yu- 

dammir ; *^\ abad, yubid ; J*U-^ 

ista'sal, yasta'sil. 
Extermination, s. JUsx~\ isti'sal ; 

^•^ tadmir; fo\*\ ibada-t. 
External, adj. yfc^ zabir; q\± 

Extinct, adj. { jti*» matfi-y ; ^^1*^ 

niuntarT ; ^J^* ma*dum. 
Extinction, s. (of fire) \&\ i^fa*. 

— (destruction) dlto halak; J^ 

baid ; J^j zawal. 
Extinguish, v. <jL\ atfa, yutfi; 

a^£» hammad, yuhammid; ±+dA 

ahmad, yuhmid. — (destroy) p>& 

hadam, yahdum; p±*\ a 4 dam, 

Extinguisher, s. ,J&a+ rau$fi. 
Extirpate, v. y*^l» |amas, ya^niiis, 

yatmis; gammas, yu^ammis ; jli 

qala*, yaqla* ; J-U-^ ista'sal, 


Digitized by 





Extirpation, s. JUau^ isti'iAl. 
Extol, v. r£ kabbar, yukabbir ; 

t^* maddat, yumaddi$. 
Extort, v. H-i- salab, yaslub ; ^ 

ballas, yuballis. 
Extortion, s. Jb bals ; W» bal- 

sa-t ; ^ zulm. 
Extra, adv., prep, ft^fc gair-hu. 
Extra, s. Soiy ziyada-t ; *i\) zayid. 
Extract, t;. £** qala', yaqla* ; 

Sj it*. \ istahraj, yastahrij. — 

(from a book) J# naqal, yanqul ; 

j+s*\ ihtasar, yahtasir. 
Extract, s. **^ hulasa-t, fcilasa-t ; 

j*J** tahlis ; ^4^* muhtasar. 
Extraction, *. (lineage) J*\ asl ; 

s-*~* nasao. 
Extradition, s. t ^W\ j**!—* 

taslim al-muznibin. 
Extraneous, adj. tj^ harij ; s-*/> 

Extraordinary, ad/. *>U«* j+± gair 

mu*tad ; vsA**^ ^ gair i'tiya- 

di.y ; SjUJ\ ^c g^U. harij 'an al- 

'ada-t ; ^ nadir ; s:e» ^ 'ajib. 
Extravagance, «. u\j~\ israf; 

JjJ^? tabzil. 
Extravagant, adj. (prodigal) ;-V» 

mubazzir; «jy~* musrif. — (^ro- 

ftigate) **W^ munhamik ; **X~U 

fasiq ; «*~^ fasid. — (excessive) 

J^J\ tffi gjW 


'an al-hadd ; 
al-qa'ida-t ; 

J^ ftujul. 
Extreme, ad;. ^\ aqsa (pi. ^Vrt 

aqasi); f-\ ahir ; J*Ua* muta- 

Extreme, Extremity, s. a_*^ 

gaya-t ; y* 'izz ; Sja &dda-t. 

Extricate, v. oJ^hallas, yuhallis ; 

<*U fakk, yafukk; «*K* fakkak, 

Extrication, *. **!*&» tafkfk. 
Extrinsic, adj. <4^^ zahiri-y ; 

^^ hariji-y ; ^-j-^ ajnabi-y. 
Exuberance, s. <jh* faid; <j^ 

rahs ; */* kagra-t ; ^ waf r ; j^ 

Exuberant, adj. <j>t\* fayicj ; yt& 

kasir ; J*\) zayid ; j\y wafir. 
Exudation, s. y nazz ; £**; raiit ; 

j^c 'araq. 
Exude, v. y nazz, yanizz; £*j 

rasah, yariah ; j>^ 'araq, ya'raq ; 

</* bass, yabiss. 
Exult, v. Ja hall, yahull ; Jl«* 

tahallal, yatahallal.j 
Exultation, s. Jltf tahallul. 
Eye, *. (^ <ain (pi. 0j*fi 'uyun, 

du. {$**** 'ainen). — (of a needle) 

(>f» hurni (pi. ftf- hurum) ; f*~ 

1»W^J\ 8amm (samm) al-hiyity. 
Eye, v. gU* tatalla', yatatalla'. 
Eye-ball, s. y*»&\ &j»* hadaqa-t 

'ain ; q*»&\ ($\~i\ insan al-'ain. 
Eye-brow, s. s-^^ hajib (pi. s-*^ 

Eyed, adj. (<&**** , ^^e) ^ ;3 zu 

'ain (*uyun, *ainen). — (one-eyed) 

X*\ a'war, f. \>jc *aura* (pi. j^c 

*ur, ^yi 'uran, e^ Iran). 
Eye-lash, «. s-»Jufc hudb, hudub. 
Eye-lid, *. (^ jafn (pi. <^y^ 

jufun, o^ ajfan). 
Eye-witness, *. ^W^ 4yani-y ; 

^>U sahid (pi. *>^e*» ^uhud). 


Fable, «. JA- magal (pi. J^ am- 
§al) ; &\f» hurafa-t. — (fiction) 
^la? tasnifa-t. 

Fabric, e. {building) U* bina* (pi. 

***»\ abniya-t) ; S^Uc 'imara-t. — 
(workmanship) &*** lan'a-t. 
Fabricate, v. (construct) {J ^ bana, 
yabni ; j+& 'ammar, yu'ammir. — 

Digitized by 





(make) J*fc 'amil, ya'mal; £*<• 

?anaS yasna'. 
Fabrication, s. r -***> ta'mir ; &*• 

?an'; £^*W istina*. — (falsehood) 

v»j^ kizb. 
Fabulous, ad;. JW tasnifi-y. 
Face, *. (visage) &+) wajh (pi. »j*« 

wujuh) ; J* nazar (pi. ;W 

anzar) ; W^* rauhayya. — (sur- 
face) ^- sa^h (pi. c^°- sutut) ; 

y*&M az-zahir. 
Face, v. Jj^ qabal, yuqabil ; J*te 

taqabal, yataqabal. — (oppose 

boldly) u*J* «arad, yu'arid. 
Facetious, adj. «~*JJ latff ; cty* 

mazzah ; Jy* hazil ; $fl* mu- 

Facbtiousness, s. ty mazh ; &^a* 

mu(Jhaka-t ; &\^ zarafa-t ; q*j# 

Facile, ad/'. Je- sahil; {$** hay- 

yin (pi. bjk\ ahwina') ; j#~i 

Facilitate, v. Je- sahhal, yusah- 

hil ; <$y& haw wan, yuhawwin ; 

y~i yassar, yuyassir. 
Facility, s. *Jje- suhiila-t. 
Fact, «. (deed) J«* fi'l (pL JUi^ 

af'al); *U* fa'ala-t ; J** 'ami 

(pi. JUft^ a'mal) ; &*c 'amla-t. 

— (case) &***■ haqiqa-t ; JW l^al ; 

**e*j waqi f 

f\ amr 
Faction, #. v^ fcizb (pi. *r»V^ 

aljzab) ; &*** 'usba-t (pi. s-*-* 

Factioni8t, #., Factious, adj. (jjU* 

fattan ; JuJU muf sid ; »»** * «* 

Factiousness, «. ****e 'asabiya-t ; 

w »—> ta'assub ; &«* fitna-t. 
Factitious, od)'. ^cW istinal-y ; 

£*•*• musanna'; <JUc 'amli-y ; 

<^LsU5 taqKdi-y. 
Factob, s. (agent) J^ wakil (pi. 

J& wukula'). — (in arithmetic) 

jU 4il* (pL gW a41a'). 
Factory, #. J*** ma'mal (pi. J*^ 

ma'amil) ; ajW ^ kar-hana-h 

( Pen.) ; <a**/ karhan. 

tqi'a-t (pi. #tij waqayi') ; 
(pi. jy»* umur). 

Faculty, «. jAi qadr ; SjA* qudra-t ; 
fi^i quwwa-t ; a*1*^ qabiliya-t. 

Fade, v. Ji«J zabal, yazbul; *-*& 
naiif , yansaf ; ^ f ana, yaf na ; 
J^4-*J idmahall, yadmabill. — (0/ 
colours) /*\ iefarr, yasfarr. 

Faded, adj. yk£ zablan ; J>U 

Fag, v.a. (force to hard work) f*~ 
sahhar, yusahhir; s-*^ at'ab, 
yut'ib ; n. (fail in strength) s-*? 
ta'ab, yat'ab. 

Fag, s. f&s*-* musahhar. 

Fagot, s. l*y* huzma-t (pi. ft* 

Fail, v. (be or become deficient) j*& 
naqas, yanqus ; ( j*zi\ intaqas, 
yantaqi? ; ^ ^-al qa??ar 'an, 
yuqaf^ir. — (miss) \-W ah^a, 
yuhti ; <$*• s^*^ hab min, yahib. 
— (become bankrupt) j~£i\ inka- 
sar, yankasir ; yJA aflas, yuflis. 

Fail, *. (omission) J-^e* tahamul. 

Failing, *. sy*Z qu?ur ; e^U nuq- 
san ; Uas. ha^a* ; s-^c *aib. 

Failure, s. ^ galat ; *«*• haiba-t. 
— (banJcruptcy) j\~S}\ inkisar; 
lr~S kasra-t ; «j-!M iflas. 

Fain, aaj. ^j radi. 

Fain, adv. s-^t ^ min %\b ; (^ 
^LU «*U min zat ha^ir (both 
with pronoun affixed). 

Faint, adj. ^W* 'ayyan ; ^u 
saqim ; *-& & »* da'if . 

Faint, t;. ^ ^^ gumi 'ala, yug- 
ma ; ^ ^y^ guii 'ala, yugsa 
(both pass.). 

Faint, Fainting, 8. SyuA gaiwa-t ; 
^5^ gamy, gaman. 

Faintness, s. <-JU* 4a'f ; >^ 'ajaz ; 
)f± futur. 

Fair, aJ/. (handsome) &~*- tasan ; 
J«^ jamil ; ^eU malit ; j%*-j 
wasim. — (?m>< darA;) <J^ ?af, 
safin; JU safi ; J*\ aiqar, f. 
\ywi^aqra' (pl./fc suqr).— (just) 
JoU 'adil. 

Fairness, s. (beauty) JW jamal ; 
0— ** tuan ; a%^ bahja-t. — (just- 
ness) Jad 'adl ; wiU^ ineaf. 


Digitized by 





Fair, s. (**y mausim (pi. p~\y 

Fairy, 6. &t&> jinniya-t; ^ pari 

Faith, s. (religion) ^U^ iman ; 

04*> din. — (trust) &» siqa-t; 

*>Usc\ i'tiqad; JUs&\ i'timad. — 

(fidelity) j^« sidq ; &VM ama- 

na-t ; U^ wafa\ 
Faithful, adj. &**\ amin (pi. 

U*J uHiana') ; &+y mu'min ; 

,3*A*|adiq; ^ s-^^> sa^ib waf a\ 
Faithfulness, «. £M amana-t. 
Faithless, adj. (infidel) ^ kafir 

(pl^tf kuffar, e*/tf kafirin); ^ U 

(^^3 ma lahu din. — (treacherous) 

Uy\ ^ac 'adim al-waftT ; ^U. 

hay in (pi. ^^ huwwan, {$& 

Faithlessness, s. (unbelief) /& 

kuf r ; ^^ f»^ 'adam ad-din. — 

(treachery) ^ p±* 'adam al- 

wafa' ; &^ hiyana-t. 
Falcon, «. /* saqr (pl.jj 5 * suqur) ; 

3^ baz (pi. c^UW bazat, Per«.) ; 

y**\* sahin (pi. e^j* Sawahin, 

Falconer, *. j\^ bazdar; ^U© 

Fall, v. & waqa', yaqa' ; La- 

saqa(, yasqufc ; c&> t&h, yatfh. 
Fall, s. M~ suqfy ; £**j waqa'a-t. 

— (wn) J\j) zawal ; s^;*- harab ; 

aJ!U halak. 
Fallacious, ad;. v»^ kazib ; j^ 

muzawwir ; J^ batil. 
Fallacy, 8. *r>M <j*W* qiyas kazib. 
Fallibility, s. U^H y&A imkan 

Fallible, adj. U*&\ J*U qabil al- 

Fallow, adj. (yellowish) J&& J*U 

mayil li-'s-safar ; £sy muza'far. 

—(untilled) tV murtah ; **>U h 

bi-la falaha-t. 
False, adj. (not true) s^tf kazib ; 

J1»W batil; #y muzawwar. — 

(artificial) £ -**" musanna*. — 

(treacherous) ^^ Myin; f\* 

makir; &#+) )& zu wa]hen. 
Falsehood, Falsity, s. s->^ kizb ; 

<^ men, main (pi. qj** muyun) ; 

^j zaur. 
Falseness, adj. %&• makr; £**«**■ 

hadi'a-t ; ij*± giss\ 
Falsification,*.^ tazwir; J^lff 

taqlid ; J*> zagal. 
Falsifier, «. py muzawwir ; <£&• 

muqallid ; fyy muzaugil ; <JLfc) 

Falsify, v. ^3 zawwar, yuzawwir ; 

jJt* qallad, yuqallid. — (money) 

J*3 zagal, yazgal; J*jj zaugal, 

Falter, v. (hesitate) &f5 ta'awwaq, 

yata'awwaq ; *-tfy tawaqqaf , ya- 

tawaqqaf. — (stammer) <j£i la kin, 

yalkan ; (*x+S tamtam, yutamtim. 
Fame, s. ****• majd; fy«A £ubra-t; 

^Jk\ i^tihar ; ^afei fahr. 
Famed, Famous, adj. jp*~* mai- 

hur ; j*& iahir ; t)**" mamduh. 
Familiar, adj. (intimate) *~if\* 

ma'liif; *-AJ c U* muta'allif; <-4J\ 

ilf (pi. UN alaf). —(affable) f*± 

talim; v~j\ anis. — (well versed) 

j#t± habir. 
Familiarise, t;. ^^ annas, yn'an- 

nis ; *-*X\ alaf, yulif ; *>y 'awwad, 

Familiarity, s. &~*\ nnsa-t ; l~*\f 

muwauasa-t; &-J&\ ul£a-t; Jj»> 

dalal ; ^J^ wilaf . 
Family, s. ^\ ahl (pi. <J\*\ 

ahali, J\ al); JL* <iyal (pL 

w^SUc *iyalat) ; &e* 'aila-t. — 

(race) J-i nasi (pi. J^~^ ansal). 
Famine, s. s^ jadb ; &c^» ma- 

ja'a-t (pi. ^V. majayi'); W 

qaht ; ^* quhu^. 
Famish, v. a. g^ jawwa', yujawwi' ; 

gW aja', yuji* ; n. £V> ja% yaja'. 
Famished, adj. ^ wabid. 
Famishing, oc^'. ^U** ji'an ; e^>^ 

Fan, a. 8*yy mirwaha-t, marwaha-t 

(pi. tflf marawih). 
Fan, v. J* t)) rawwah 'ala, ^yfc 

&*.)*A\i a] hawwa lahu bi-'l-mir- 

waha-t, yuhawwi. 
Fanatic, adj. t s. S^*N j«ja iadid 


Digitized by 





Fanaticism, s. ty+*&\ Soe* £idda-t al- 

gaira-t ; S^^ harara-t. 
Fanciful, adj. (imaginative) J*a&** 

mutahayyil ; )y aSJm mutasawwir. 

— (capricious) J&y muzantir ; 

^y& hawayi-y. 
Fancy, s. (imagination) JW 5 * hiyal 

(pi. £JLs.\ ahliya-t) ; /**>) wahm 

(pi. p\&)\ auham) ; ^ tasawwur ; 

JW bal. — (inclination) J** mail 

(p!. JW^ ainyal). 
Fancy, v. (imagine) J^. Ml, yahal ; 

J*a- hayyal, yubayyil ; jycS tasaw- 

war, yatasawwar; ^y tawah- 

hara, yatawahhain. — (like) s-** 

habb, yahubb; *>j wadd, yawadd. 
Fang, *. (tusk) s^ nab (pi. «y^ 

nabat) ; s-** naib (pi. vWI 

anyab). — (claw) f& gifr, zufr (pi. 

j\j&>\ azfar, y~i&\ azafir) ; s-Ji* 

mihlab (pi. s-J^» mahftlib). 
Fanged, adj. v»W^ ^ zu anyab ; 

vJ^» y$ zu mahalib. 
Fantastic, adj. JW*- hiyali-y. 

See Fanciful. 
Fab, adj. **** ba'id (pi. tj*i 

bu'ada') ; tjV* nazih ; L5 *U qasi ; 

^-fl aqsa (pi. ^Urt aqasi) ; £-U 

sasi' (pi. g~A Sua', gj-i Susu'). 
Fabce, «. S^ mashara-t (pi. 

jl\~* masahir). 
Fare, 8. (carriage) Jy naul ; ip\ 

ujra-t. — (food) «yy> qut (pi. 

*~Ui\ aqwat); Jtf akl ; r UL 

{a'am ; J*»U* ma'iU. 
Fare, v. (ad on) ^»Vc <as\ ya'is\ — 

(/eed) ^ ta'im, yafam. 
Farewell, 8. £Wj wada*. — (bid 

fareweU) £*>> wadda', yuwaddi*. 
Farinaceous, adj. <j**J» tahini-y ; 

<j*i*> y$ zxl daqiq. 
Farm, 8. ^y* mazra'a-t. 
Farm, v. (cultivate land) ^ falah, 

yaflab; *a>^ haras, yahris, yah- 

Farmer, 8. $\) zari* ; y*^>~* mus- 

ta'jir; t& f allah ; *a> ; W hari§ ; 

j^ jawwar. 
Farnes8, 8. .*** bu'd ; &V— *• masa- 

Farrier, «. ^ bai^ar (pi. S ; ^> 

baitara-t, S^LLj bayatira-t) ; .u*l«* 

na'lband (Pers.). 
Farrow, s. <ja*>U«s* hananis (pi. of 

^py**- hinnaus). 
Fart, v. *>/* darat, ya4rit. 
Fart, s. &^a darta-t. 
Farther, adj. <**i\ ab'ad. 
Farther, conj. (moreover) "V-A^ 

aidan ; *iWU % J^ Saly ziyada-t 

'ala zalik. 
Farthing, 8. to fadda-t. 
Fascinate, v. j^- sahar, yashur ; 

s^ jazab, yajzib ; <j~*& talmas, 

Fascinating, adj. s^JW jazib. 
Fascination, 8. ^^- sihr; R™A 

Fashion, 8. (style of dress, &c.) 

^— i'kasm; <j\ zai-y ; te^jb hi'a-t. 

—(shape) J& ^akl (pi. JV5a^ 

askal, Jy&» sukul). 
Fashion, v. £>*• §ana', yasna* ; JU 
handam, yu- 

sag, yasug; 

Fashionable, adj. «>5y\ ^j J^ 

'ala zai-y al-waqt. 
Fast, v. p\*> ?am, yasum. 
Fast, Fasting, s. fyo saum, som, 

sum (pi. f\y\ aswam) ; ^U* 

Fast, adj. (firm) «wl> sabit ; (j^U 

makin ; 1»^« madbut- — (swift) 

J^ 'ajil ; J^*.m&* musta*jil ; 

j*^- sari* ; f^-^ musri*. 
Fasten, v. c^«> sabbat, yusabbit ; 

i*~*\ as bat, y us bit ; <$&• mak- 

kan, yumakkin; W; rabat, yar- 

Fastidious, adj. n£+ magrur; 

jfUi ? -'"* mustahqir; ^^ muta- 

Fastidiousness, s. }&*?~\ istih- 

Fastness, «. (firmness) «t>M sabat ; 

^ qarar. — (stronghold) &*& qa- 

la c -t (pi. &i qila*). 
Fat, ad/, e^* 4 ^ samin (pi. ^U— 

siman) ; ^atA ^ahim ; <j*>^ mud- 

Fat, s. &toJ dubn ; ^A sahm ; (jj-^- 

samn ; *-»*> dasam. 

Digitized by 





Fatal, adj. (deadly) Jto qatil; 

tfXle* muhlik ; ** * * *■>• mumit. 
Fatality, s. $<& taqdir; s^y^* 

maktub ; <,$*t+}\ <J* s-** U ma 

kutib 'ala '1-jabin. 
Fate, *. &•— i qisma-t; ^* qada* 

(pi. **-ai\ aqdiya-t) ; ^JJJ? taqdir 

(pi. «d -at, ^oW taqadir) ; s-*-> 

nasib (pi. W-M ansiba', *<-*rt an- 

siba-t) ; yyx* manftn. 
Fated, adj. )*&• muqaddar; *fy 

Father, s. s*A ab, #\ abu (pL W 

aba', *a>\tft abhat) ; jMj walid. 
Father - in - law, «. (husband's 

father) ^\ $\ abft - 'z - zoj. — 

(wife's father) tt^Jt ,rt abu-'l- 

imrat ; ^ ham ; j+* hamfi. 
Fatherhood, s. i$\ abuwwa-t ; 

hji\ abawiya-t. 
Fatherland, s. *%«• ^\ ar<J 

milad ; dy maulad ; ^) wafan 

(pi. ($&)\ au(an). 
Fatherle88, adj. ,**** yatim. 
Fatherly, adj. ^\ abawi-y ; <^«*Mj 

Fathom, s. & bau', bu' ; £\* ba' 

(pi. £\jrt abwa') ; &-U qama-t. 
Fathom, v. (measure) £# bawwa', 

yubawwi* ; £j*> tabawwa 1 , yata- 

bawwa' ; <j~-c 'ass, ya'iss. — 

(penetrate into) JM*? ta'ammaq, 

yata'ammaq ; ^«i tabahljar, ya- 

tabahhar (both with ^ fi).— 

(reach) ^ darak, yadrik. 
Fatigue, s. s-** ta'b ; J* kail (pi. 

jy* kulftl). 
Fatigue, v. s-** ta"ab, yuta"ib ; 

s-*rt at'ab, yut'ib; Jfl akall, 

Fatigued, adj. <$W«? ta'ban. 
Fatness, s. (j-i— siman, sumn ; 

&u— samna-t. 
Fatten, v. q+~* samman, yusam- 

Fattening, s. <£*•—> tasmin. 
Fattiness, s. (*~4 dasam. 
Fatty, adj. f~*> dasim. 
Fatuity, s. JM fiLi qilla-t al-'aql ; 

&W bamaqa-t ; &fy ru'ima-t. 
Fatuous, adj. ,j+»\ ahmaq, f. \*+* 


hamqa' (pi. tJ+»- huniuq, jU»- 
himao^); J^W- jahil (pi. J** 
juhl, ]uhul, JW juhhal, &c.). 

Fault, *. s-** <aib (pi. s^je* 
'uyftb) ; *-*» naqisa-t (pi. ^VaJ 
naqayis) ; gL-dS> nuqsan ; °* 
gal at ; je~ sahw. 

Faultines8, *. w-** 'aib; 
ta'ayyub ; £«** ma'yaba-t. 

Faultless, adj. w+eP ** ^ ma lahu 
«aib ; ^ ^*> bigair ha*a\ 

Faulty, ad/\ s^j*** ma'yub ; <ja*fc 
Daqis ; f**i zamiui. 

Favour, s. *♦** ni'ma-t (pi. f**> 
ni'am); J-a* fadl (pi. J^ 
afdal) ; l+J* himma-t (pi. ^a 
him am, ^Ufc hamayim); ^VLe 

Favour, v. (^-Va. hasan, yuhasin ; 
J^ 0-*^^ ahsan ila, yuhsin ; p**\ 
an*am, yun'im ; J}* j-art afdal 
c ala, yufdil. 

Favourable, adj. (propitious) 
<J*\t* muwafiq ; <J*S layiq ; *>•*—-• 
maa'Cid. — (hind) pk* halim ; 
ugj la^if . 

Favourite, «. ^i^ nadim (pi. Ujj 
nudama) ; s-****- habib (pi. v»W^ 
ahbab, s-st^»- habayib, &c.) ; W^ 
haba' (pi. W»-^ ahba') ; s-oA-* 

Fawn, s. JU^ gazal (pi. &yt gizla-t, 
V$jt gizlan). 

Fawn, v. JJJJ tazallal, yatazallal ; 
g^d^ tahaddaS yatahadda' (both 
with prep. J li) ; J» tall, yatull ; 

, ^jjbj dahlaz 'ala, yudahliz. 

Fealty, 8. U^ wafa' ; SLJi\ inqi- 
yad ; b&>\ ita'a-t. 

Fear, «. <*Jy** hauf ; &Vae» maha- 
fa-t; fy faza'; £*£*- haiya-t; 
v>; wa]al (pi. JW^ aujal). 

Fear, v. (^ <^U haf min, yahaf ; 
^jA^- hasa, yahsSa; ^>* faza% 
yafza* ; ^ s-^; rahib min, yar- 
hib. — (fear God) ^\ ittiqa, 

Fearful, adj. (timorous) «J^W 
hayif ; wi^ hawwaf ; Jts^- jafil, 
jiffil; (jjicy faz'au; J%.^ wajil 
(pi. JVj wijal). — (dreadful) 

Digitized by 





muhayyif; Jje* mabul; 

JV mujaffil. 
Fbablbss, adj. cj\*> S la yabaf ; 

^^ jasur ; <j*J* batis\ 
Feablessness, s. cJ»abtt j»ac ( adam 

al-hauf ; ij\~+ jasara-t. 
Feasibility, s. q\£*\ imkan ; %N»\ 

Feasible, adj. J+*g yu'mal (3 

pass.) ; {$&+* mumkin. 
Feast, s. (entertainment) &W-* diya- 

fa-t; &i*lj walima-t (pi. (*&) 

walayiin). — (holiday) •*** 'id 

(pi. J\e*\ a'yad). 
Feast, v. (entertain) ^\ aulam, 

yulim ; &W* J** 'amil $iyafa-t, 

ya'mal. — (delight) c/ farih, 

yafrab ; s-» & lazz bi, yalazz. 
Feat, s. l+v muhimma-t ; %$°~ 

Feather, s. <J*j ris; I**) risa-t 

(pi. ^ij riyas, v>V arya^). 
Featube, *. (trait) gets taqtf' (pi. 

£j>te taqatf 4 ) ; fr sirar (pi. l^\ 

asirra-t). — (appearance) *-*j 

wajh (pi. *y^ wujub) ; ]*** man- 

jar (pi. ^iU* manazir). 
Febbile, adj. ^^ ^ainmi-y. 
February, s. I»W* gubat. 
Federal, ad/. ^Ves^ ittibadi-y. 
Federation, *. Sju&U* mu'abada-t ; 

•>W ittihad. 
Fee, *. ^\ ajr (pi. jp\ ujur, jW[ 

ajar) ; i?>\ ujra-t ; ^ kira. — (a 

broker's) Sl> dilala-t. 
Fee, v. j*\ ajar, ya'jir, ya'jur; 

j^*U*\ ista'jar, yasta'jir ; v5;**~^ 

istakra, yastakn. 
Feeble, adj. <-**** ^a'if (pi. 

<Ju'af a') ; ' y*\* 'ajiz (pi. yjf 
^wajiz); y-**c 'ajiz; g^V 

Feebleness, s. *Jbu da'f, du'f ; 
)%fi 'ajz, 'ajaz. 

Feed, v.a. f^\ afam, yufim ; uwtt 
qat, yaqut. — (animals) «-a1* 
'allaf, yu'allif; n. J-tf akal, 
ya'kul ; p*L ta'am, yat'am. 

Feed, s. Jfl akl ; fUk ta'&m ; «>y 
qut. — (of animals) *-Al* 'alai. 

Feel, v. (perceive by the senses) 

v—> bass, yaha88. — (touch) <j-* 
jass, yajuss ; u~d lamas, yalmus, 
yalmis. — (compassionate) J* y- 
bann 'ala, yabinn ; ^; rahim, 
yarfcam; <Jl* o*** safaq 'ala, 

Feeler, s. (of an insect) ^lyU 

Feeling, s. (perception) ^r*- hass ; 
^i fabm ; *d\^\ idrak. — (touch) 
v~A lams ; v*+ jass ; v~» mass. 
— (sympathy) l**>) ra^ma-t ; &** 

Feign, v. J^- J** 'amil i)kl, 
ya'mal ; ^^\ auma, yftmi. Fre- 
quently expressed by tbe 6tb 
form of any verb, as ^y 
marid, " to be ill ; " u*;U? tama- 
rad, " to feign illness." — (invent) 
ijXsdA ibtalaq, yabtaliq. 

Feint, s. &*** hila-t ; 1%* siira-t ; 
j£* makr ; fiJl*^ mugalata-t. 

Felicitate, v. v* o** banna bi, 
yuhanni; Jc »sJjW barak *ala, 

Felicitation, s. &**& tahniya-t ; 
iSjV* mubaraka-t. 

Felicitous, adj. •***- sa'id ; »>*--• 

Felicity, s. SjW# sa'ada-t; ^*- 
sa'd ; w^=: babt (Pers.). 

Feline, adj. W ^r^ <£* min jins 

Fell, adj. ^-Vi qasi ; ^J^ zalim. 
Fell, v. g*j waqqa', yuwaqqi*. — 

(trees) &i qa^a', yaqta'; t * 

badab, yabdab. 
Fell, s. jJ^ jild ; SjJ^. jilda-t (pi. 

o^ julM). 
Fellow, s. &*j rafiq (pi. V«; ru- 

faqa', jty arf aq) ; ^ qarin 

(pi. V^l qurana') ; s-»A* sa^ib. 
Fellowship, s. toj rafqa-t ; i<^« 

sul^ba-t ; l&j* ^iraka-t. 
Felon, s. h-^^ muznib; f)+* 

Felonious, adj. K J^ ^aqi-y ; *&+*t* 

babig ; jtj* slirir. 
Felony, «. ^ jurm (pi. ^ 

juriim) ; J\ igm (pi. ^ agam; 

s-*^^ zamb (pi. v»y^ zunub). 

Digitized by 






Fklt, *. «*V lubbad. 
Felt, v. jJ labad, yalbud. 
Female, Feminine, adj. 

mu' annas. 
Female, s. ^\ unsa (pi. ^J\}\ 

anasi, *±>\i\ inas) ; **Urt unsaya-t. 
Fence, b. c^*- siyaj (pi. «*>WW- 

siyajat) ; v>j) zarb (pi. v>j;j 

zuriib); &M ifcata-t.— (protec- 
tion) AjU*. ]pmaya-t ; &*V«^ mu- 

Fence, v. (encfoae) g*- sayyaj, yu- 

gayyij ; v»j»j zarrab, yuzarrib. — 

(un/A foils) &&s taja'an, yata- 

ta'an (literally with lances) ; s-^ 

<-A»-3\ la'ab as-sef, yal'ab. 
Fences, b. v>x*N j <^«UW ^*^ habir 

bi-'t-ta'n wa '(J-cJarb. 
Fencing, b. {$*$* ta$a'un; s-^ 

c-Atj-J\ la*b as-sef; b*S~* musa- 

Fennel, *. $;** £umra-t ; Wj- £**. 

habba-t sauda' ; <j*W~* basbas. 
Ferment, r.a. ^ hamar, yahmir, 

yahmur; ham mar, yuhammir; 

y*±\ ah mar, yuhmir ; n. y*& ta- 

hammar, yatahammar; j ♦ *M 

ihtamar, yahtamir. — (be agitated) 

gVa haj, yahij. 
Ferment, 8. j#*± hamir; fi^*- 

hamira-t. — (agitation) ^ »a ft 

hay a Jan. 
Fermentation, *. ^3^ tahmir; 

jWs*^ ihtimar. 
Fern, «. u-*/- sarhas ; <j*Jh bata- 

ris ; jUl^. hangar. 
Ferocious, ad;'. ^-^ wah^i-y ; 

lt^^* muwahha^; ptL galim; 

^5-Vl qasi. 
Ferocity, Ferociousness, *. £*-fco>; 

wahsiya-t ; Sjl-J qasawa-t. 
Ferry, v.^»c 'abbar an-nahar, 

yu'abbir ; (f& qafta', yuqattf'. 
Ferry, b. y**+ nia'bar (pi. fl\*+ 

ma'abir) ; £** maqta* (pi. &&• 

Fertile, adj. y*2* musmir ; c>~a* 

mum bit ; s^ e ^ hasib ; s«*ai- 

Fertility, s. s— «^ hisb, hasb. 
Fertilisation, b. ^j\^a\ ihsab. 

Fertilise, v. * i * «* \ ahsab, yuh$ib. 
Ferule, *. s~*-4i qadib (pi. gW-tf 

Fervency, b. fyj* ^arara-t; *jU*» 

Fervent, adj. jl*. harr ; S^fc s-^*-» 

sahib gaira-t (pi. s-»^*^ ashab) ; 

^Vft. hami. 
Festal, Festive, adj. ^Ju* 'idi-y. 
Fester, v. J*j*\ indamal, yanda- 

mil; J**>\ iddamal, yaddamil; 

C*8> taqayyah, yataqayyah. 
Festival, b. j^c 'id (pi. *>W^ 

Festivity, b. g/s tafarruj ; tUi 

naiat ; &>y nuzha-t. 
Festoon, 8. yfcj J*ltf iklil zahr (pi. 

JJlfl akalil). 
Festoon, v. U3 JJ^V* (^j zayyan 

bi-akalil zahr, yuzayyin. 
Fetch, v. v*V jab, yajib ; v*W- c^ 

rah jab, yaruh yajib ; v W ja 

bi, yaji ; r**\ ahdar, yuhdir. — (a 

price) {m f**\ asman, yu§min ; s^^- 

jab, yajib. 
Fetch, 8. (stratagem) j£+ makr ; 

il*^ hila-t. 
Fetid, adj. &***• muta'affin ; &**+ 

Fetidness, b. ^^ natana-t; (^ 

*ufn ; &y^ 'ufuna-t. 
Fetter, 8. ±t* qaid (pi. •>«* quyiid, 

aWi\ aqyad); J^ nikl (pi. JV&\ 

Fetter, v. *£ qayyad, yuqayyid. 
Feud, 8. (inveterate auarreV) S^ac 

'adawa-t ; jVa* ^iqaq ; ^s* fitna-t 

(pi. ^ fitan). — (tenure) &a*U 

qati'a-t (pi. g>^5 qa^ayi') ; i-Vcj 

zi'ama-t; icUai\ iq^a'a-t. 
Fever, b. ^j*** humma (pi. «^W^- 

Fever, v. ^J**)^ g*j waqqa* bi-'l- 

humma, vuwaqqi* ; ^-^ hamma, 

yuhammi ; (^a&- sahhan, yusah- 

Feverish, adj. fj*^* mahmvim ; 

(jj^at- sahnan. 
Feverishness, 8. &f*~ suhuna-t. 
Few, adj. &• J«ii qalil min. 
Fewness, 8. *1» qilla-t. 

Digitized by 





Fiat, s. (command) y\ amr (pi. 

j»\\ awamir). — (the fiat of God) 

& JW Jy qaul ta'ala kun. 
Fib, s. &*ji barbaka-t (pi. *si*t\^ 

Fibber, s. *&)?*• mubarbik. 
Fibre, s. &J lifa-t (pi. UtJ tff). 
Fibrous, adj. ^^a* lifani-y. 
Fickle, adj. **>W» Jeii qalil sabat ; 

« ylifa * mutaqallib ; gjk* muta- 

Fickleness, s. vi>L» £ls qilla-t 

sabat ; j\ji &* qilla-t qarar ; ^B 

taqallub ; yfi talawwun. 
Fiction, s. (falsehood) s^kizb; 

,jkae# muhtalaq. — (literary com- 
position) &~-a# tasnifa-t (pi. 

*ju»\*s tasanif). 
Fictitious, adj. ^<>^S taqlidi-y ; 

,JU* 'amaliy ; <jl*afc* muhtalaq ; 

£**• musanna*. 
Fictitiousness, s. J^» taqlid. 
Fiddle, s. ajWj rababa-t ; &^u^ 

kamanja-h (Pers.). 
Fiddle-stick, s. a^»^ <j*j* qaus 

(q6s) kamanja-h (pi. <j*\j*\ aq- 

was) ; sr>V^ mi4rab. 
Fiddle-8Trino, *. /j watar (pi. 

jV)\ autar). 
Fiddler, *. &^-*£5W jW daqq bi- 

'1- kamanja-h (pi. £-ju*.> daqa- 

Fidelity, s. £<** sidq ; &W sada- 

qa-t ; &V*\ amana-t ; Uj wafa\ 
Fidoet, v. «*)/** taharrak, yata- 

Fidgety, adj. **)^*» mutabarrik; 

ir-^" mu^arkis. 
Field, s. &a»> ^aql^-t (pi. J^fc- 

huqul, ^^ haqali) ; Z*jy maz- 

ra'a-t (pi. fy\y mazari') ; ^ 

gait, get, gH (pj. U^ gitan).— 

{the open field) kjl barriya-t. 

FlBLD-PIECE, 8. «J!;A- V*^ t<>b 

(top, Turk.) safri-y. 
Fiknd, s. ($b± saitan (pi. &Mt* 

Fiendish, adj. <j*U»** ^ai^Ani-y. 
Fikndishness, 0. &&*& sai£ana-t ; 

i^UoflA saitaniya-t. 
Pierce, adj. ^^ wafcSi-y ; vZ-^r* 

muwahhai ; <j*/» saris ; ^ 

PlERCENE38, 8. (J&> zulm ; &y &» j 

walj6iya-t ; Uj* sarasa-t. 

Fiery, ad/, (like fire) ijft nari-y. — 
(easily provoked) ^f^ hami-y ; 
;Vd. harr; s-*a*N j*j* sadid al- 

Pieriness, 8. fy^ l^ara-*; ***•- 

Fife, *. 8;^* saftara-t ; j^y miz- 
mar (pi. je^V mazamir). 

Fifteen, ad;, y^ * ■■♦ * hamsat 

Fifteenth, ad}'. ^^ j^U. hamis 

Fifth, adj. {j~*\± hamis. 

Fifthly, adv. *L-^U. hamisan. 

Fifty, Fiftieth, adj. oj— ♦*• ham- 
sun (vulg. (j a ■«■■» * hamsin). 

Fig, «. &*> tina-t (pi. (^ tin). 

Fight, 8. &>&• muqatala-t; £*ij 
waq'a-t ; £»>W» muharaba-t. 

Fight, i;. Jto qatal, yuqatil ; »*)^ 
'arak, yu'arik ; J?to taqatal, ya- 
taqatal ; ««J;W ta'araq, yata'arak. 

Figment, s. w^^ tasnif; ,3kafc* 

Figurative, ad/, v^; ramzi-y ; 
^.SjW^ majazi-y. 

Figure, a. (form) S;j* sura-t (pi. 
yy* suwar) ; J^fti sakl (pi. J^M 
aikal, J»^ ^ukul). — (stature) •** 
qadd (pi S\M gidad, »>^ qudud, 
^ aqudd, S*tf\ aqudda-t). — 
(number) ^ raqam (pi. p&)\ 
arqam). — (diagram) Jj^ jadwal 
(pi. JjW jadawil;. — (in rhetoric) 
j^* majaz. 

Figure, v. (shape) jy saw war, yu- 
§awwir ; £U> §ag, yasiig. — (repre- 
sent) Jto qallad, yuqallid. — (con- 
ceive) jf* tasawwar, yataaawwar. 

Filament, s. (thread) W^ hait (pi. 
^ huyut).— (fibre) && lifa-t 
(pi. cAJ lif). 

Filch, v. J^» nasal, yaniul; jj^- 
saraq, yasruq. 

File, s. (of papers, &c.) ,jj» t^baq 
(pi. jWU a^baq, iA^\ a^biqa-t). 
— (of soldiers) *-*<• saff (pi. *Jj*~ 

Digitized by 



144 [Fib 

sufftf). — (tool) *y* mibrad (pi. 

*>>W* mabarid). 
File, v. ( fasten together) p* damm, 

ya^umm. — (polish) ty barad, 

yabrud ; Ja* saqal, yasqul. 
Filial, adj. ^fi banawi-y. 
Filiation, «. ^ bunAwa-t. 
Fill, v. b- mala', yamla* ; <^» 

malla, yumalli ; <,j*fc 'abba, yu- 

'abbi. — (an office) J> fV* qam fi, 

Fillet, s. (band) **V*e 'asaba-t 

(pi. s-i^^ 'asayib). — (of beef, 

Ac.) j& (**i lahin zahr. 
Film, s. U^ gisa\ 
Filmy, adj. ^J^ gisayi-y. 
Filter, s. c^to** mis fat ; h\**" 

misfaya-t ; J;}\> rawuq. 
Filter," v. 0&* sana, yusaffi ; J^ 

rawwaq, yurawwiq. 
Filth, Filthiness, «. £~j wasah 

(pi. 6^ ausah) ; &A-j wisaha-t; 

&-W* najasa-t. 
Filthy, adj. £~j wasih ; u**^ 

Filtration, *. *«**> tasfiya-t. 
Fin, *. cW janab, jiuah (pi. Z*J+\ 

ajniha-t, t^ ajnub). 
Final, adj. (last) jtfA ahir. — (con- 
clusive) gt^» qati*. — (complete) 

J*tf kamil. 
Finance, Finances, s. (public) 

^j*d\ J^ mal al-miri-y ; Ajt. 

maliya-t ; &)*- hazna-t. — (income 

in general) J**^ madhM (pi. 

smA^-a* madhulat). 
Financial, adj. JV* mali-y. 
Financier, s. £JU5\ J*^* muhas- 

sil al-maliya-t. 
Find, v. ^ wajad, yajid ; J& 

laqa, yalqa; Jtt laqa, yulaqi; 

jl\ alfa, yum.— (get) JU nal, 

yanal; J-»^» fcassal, yuhassil. — 

(provide) J fJ* qaddam li, yu- 

qaddim ; ys^ jahhaz, yujahhiz. 
Fine, s. &*ty* jarima-t (pi. p&ft- 

jarayim) ; W^ garama-t ; f^ 

gurm ; A|*> diya-t. 
Fine, v. (mulct) ff* jaram, yaj- 

rim; fjk garram, yugarrim. — 

(clarify) ^ sana, yusaffi ; yf 
karrar, yukarrir. 

Fine, adj. (not coarse) fr*j rafi' ; 
^ raqiq ; (pi. jVi) riqaq, ty 
arnqa') ; (**& na'im. — (refined, 
elegant) *-**> zarif (pi. \>£ Z u- 
rafa', ^> zuruf, &c.) ; *-Aj-J 
latff (pi. «-^ litaf).— (handsome) 
J***- jainil ; ^j— *> hasan. 

Fineness, s. &*U) rifa'a-t; &j riq- 
qa-t. — (elegance) &\^ zarafa-t — 
(beauty) e>~-> husn ; J W jamal. 
— (purity) SjUc safawa-t; yj>^ 

Finery, s. JU y ,J*. huli-y wa 
hulal ; &y zina-t. — (furnace) 
yf\ atun, attun (pi. **>\>f\ atu- 
nat, ^ utun, ^M atatin). 

Finger, s. &~\ asba' (pi. £»W 
asabi 1 , C«}M asabi'). — (thumb) 
p\&\ ibham (pi. ^^ abahim). — 
(index) ^W- sababa-t. — (middle 
finger) £©>Ua-j wastaniya-t ; *kjf* 
tawila-t. — (ring finger) ?*** binsir, 
ban^ur (pi. voW bana^ir). — (little 
finger) y&- ninsir (pi. y\&* bana- 

Finobr, v. (touch) u~+ jass, ya- 
JU8S; u— ^ lamas, yalmas. — 
(handle) ^ 'alaj, yu'alij. — 
(steal) jy* saraq, yasraq. 

Finical, adj. ^ gundar, gundur ; 
jyjj±. gundAr. 

Finicalness, 8. S^Ai^ gandara-t. 

Finis, s. (at the end of a book) 
f£ tamm. 

Finish, v. (complete) pA atamm, 
yutimm ; p*3 tammain, yutam- 
mim ; (+** hatam, yahtira ; { ^&\ 
anha, yunhi. — (perfect) L ^- 
halla?, yuballis ; J«^ kammal, 

Finish, s. JU^ kamal ; &t^ fadi- 

Finite, adj. *>*W* mahdiid ; 

Fir, s. v*yJ tannub ; c^» ^b ; 7^** 

^s*y\ lajar ar-ratinaj. 
Fire, s. jU nar (pi. g\^ niran) ; 

J^ waqid. — (conflagration) sMf*- 

Digitized by 



hariq. — (ardour) S^fc gaira-t, 
gira-t ; Sj^ harara-t. 

Fibb, v. (light a fire) *>Vi qad, yaqid ; 
A5^ auqad, yuqid. — (set on fire) 
Jj*» haraq, yahriq. — (discharge 
fire-arms) <j*£ qawwas, yuqaw- 
wis; ,J-1M atlaq, yutliq; s->/* 
darab, yadrib; £/ farrag, yu- 

Fibe-abms, s. ty* &*J~\ asliha-t 

Fibk-engine, s. l*+j turumba-t. 

Fibe-man, 8. u^y turumbaji. 

Fibe-wobks, 8. &u«* J6 nar musan- 
na'a-t ; &i\f± haraqa-t. 

Fibm, adj. ^tf sabit } <^U niakin ; 
1*£** muhkam ; £~.\j rasih. — (of 
character) v5>\j wasiq ; &J) wasiq 
(pi. jtfj wisaq) ; ^jS qawwi-y. 

Fibmament, 8. va*f\ysi\ <jU falaq 
as-sawabit; jWj ^U falaq ai- 
aflaq ; U-J\ as-sania*. 

Fibmness, s. «t> W* sabat ; j^ qarar ; 
&{*• matana-t ; &Uj rasana-t. 

Fibst, adj. Jjt awwal, f. Jj\ Ma 
(pi. e>*^ awwalin). 

Fibst, F1B8TLY, acfo. 1j\ awwalan. 

FlBSTLING, *., FlBST-BOBN, adj. 

& bikr(pl. ; W^ akbar). 
Fibth, 8. y& f* fumm nahr (pi. 

i\j\ afwah, f\+i\ afmam); jVty 

bugaz (pi.j«*tjt bawagiz). 
Fiscal, adj. JU mali-y. 
Fish, 8. *£*- samaka-t (pi. **U- 

samak, **)L-*~\ asmak, »*)j— ♦— 

sumftk) ; «yy^ hut (pi. ^^^ 

hi tan, «^y*\ ahwat). 
Fish, v. *& U ... A~a> tasayyad sainak, 

yatasayyad ; « t X ♦- *>IW is$ad 

samak, yas{ad. 
Fisher, s. (*& U ■♦.«.) »>W* sayyad 

Fishmonger, a. *s3U— sammak. 
Fisscbe, s. ,3* 3aqq ; fa* £aqqa-t 

(pi. Jj2* suquq) ; v>U falaq (pi. 

,3^* fuluq). 
Fissure, r. v>-Ai saqq, yasuqq ; 

v$Jj falaq, yafliq. 
Fist, e. &j*£j\ *lJ\ al-yad (yadd) 
al-ma$buqa-t (pi. ^\ aidi, v$^\ 

ayadi ; du. (^J* yaden). 



Fistula, 8. )r M nasur ; JT *\i nasAr 

(pi. ^y nawasir,^>-V nawasir). 
Fit, s. (attack of an illness) **y 

nauba-t (pi. v>y nuwab) ; ^ 

daur (pi. ; \ ; j\ adwar) ; 4^ gas- 

Fit, adj. jfe$ layiq; <J»V ,:IUW »- 

fiq ; s-*-U* munasib ; ^^ jadir. 
Fit, v.a. <jij waffaq, yuwaffiq ; ,j*I» 

tabbaq, yutabbiq; jfcU, {abaq, 

yutabiq ; n. <3*^ wafiq, yuwafiq ; 

s-*-^ nasab, yunasib ; <JM labaq, 

Fitness, s. L-*-*)y muwafaqa-t ; 

&*U~ mutabaqa-t ; iiVJ liyaqa-t ; 

&**U* munasaba-t. 
Five, adj. &~*s* hamsa-t, f. y-*^- 

Fix, v. c^ sabbat, vusabbit ; «^^ 

asbat, yusbit ; {$£• makkan, yu- 

makkin ; rf qarrar, yuqarrir. 
Fixity, s. «a>W* sabat. 
Flabbiness, s. Ifa rahawa-t ; \&j\ 

Flabby, adj. ^ rahi-y; ^y 

murtahi ; ^f^* mustarhi. 
Flaccid, adj. J>U zabil ; ^»J zab- 

Flaccidity, s. J^3 zubul. 
Flag, s. j»«rf bairaq (pi. j;W* baya- 

riq) ; \y liwa* (pi. &>J\ alwiya-t) ; 

S*\j raya-t; ^lc 'alam (pi. pk\ 

a'lam) ; (jv- sinjaq, sanjaq (pi. 

v5^^- sanajiq). — (flat stone) 

*W^ balata-t. 
Flag, v.a. (adorn with flags) ^j 

*aA^ zayyaa bi-rayat, yuzayyin. 

— (pave) ial* balat, yablut; n. 

(grow languid) ^j&J irtaha, yar- 

tahi ; ^y^ istarha, yastarhi. 
Flagitious, adj. o-^ fasiq ; Jjij 

razii (pi. SJ^ ruzahV) ; ^XVt. ^alih 

(pi. c^» tullah) ; ^ saqi-y (pi. 

Ws^ asqiya'). 
Flagitiousness, 8. ^L«i fasad; 

*k<*j razila-t (pi. J>\3 ; razayil) ; 

&~* fisq ; &^W* qabaha-t ; S^j^ 

Flagon, s. 6jU* qazaza-t (pi. ^\y 

qazayiz); i*«A5 qinnina-t (pi. 

JyUs qanani). 


Digitized by 





Flagrant, adj. (notorious) j*M 

gahir; «^-** ma'ruf; j j - flA ** 

Flail, b. J** midaqq (pi. j\±+ 

madaqq) ; vy** mi drab. 
Flake, b (of snow) gi> <toj ruq'a-t 

salj (pi. Vi, riqk').— (of wool, &c.) 

K£ kauka-t.— (small foyer) &M» 

tabaqa-t ; £^*Ac gafiha-t. 
Flambeau, 8. J*-*** rui^al ; &*■!:<• 

ma$'ala-t (pi. JeU* maia'il). 
Flame, *. <W lahaba-t; s-*6* 

lahib ; JJ lagan ; Sy* hara-t. 
Flame, v. J«^» tasa"al, yatasa"al ; 

J*x*\ i^ta'al, yaita'il ; *^*A\ ilta- 

hab, yaltahib. 
Flank, s. s-** jamb (pi. v*W^ 

ajnab) ; s-^W janib (pi. s-*\j* 

j award b). 
Flannel, s. *e*)U flanella' ; sJy 
V suf (pi. u\yo\ aswaf). 
Flap, b. kjJl {araf, tarf (pi. u\)A 

atraf); uft rafraf (pi. U^U ; 

rafarif). — (of a garment) J*** 

zail (pi. Jy»S zuyul). 
Flap, v. (the wings) sJfr rafraf, 

yurafrif; cJ ; raff, yaruff; <j** 

eafaq, yasfiq. 
Flare, v. gJ lama', yalma* ; gL* 

aata', yasfa*. 
Flare, s. £*J lam' ; gWJ lama'an. 
Flash, s. jy barq ; ^A^ wami<J. 
Flash, v. ty baraq, yabruq ; ^^ 

wamad, yamid. 
Flask, 5. Li~uu muqa^a^a-t ; &£** 

£i£a-h. — (powder-horn) y^^» mu- 

Flat, adj. ^5;^-** musawi ; r ^ '~" 

musattah; ±*>~* basfy. — (insipid) 

&* dali'. 
Flat, b. Je- sahl ; &*- sahla-t (pi. 

Jj6- sahul) ; i^-i f usha-t. — 

(shoal) W^j ramliya-t. 
Flatness, s. (levelness) Je- sahl. — 

(insipidity) ^> &i qilla-t ta'm. 

— (dulness) &•*# buruda-t. 
Flatten, v. ^ sattab, yusaftik ; 

Je~ sahhal, yusahbil. 
Flatter, v. 0^ mallaq, yumalliq ; 

<jW tamallaq, yatamallaq. 

Flattery, s. «j)UJ tamalluq ; «-AU? 

Flatulency, b. $> rih ; &» nafh. 
Flatulent, od/. £to naffah. 
Flaunt, v. y^fc<* tabahtar, yata- 

bahtar ; *>.***> tabagdad, yatabag- 

Flaunt, s. fya** fahra-t. 
Flavour, s. SJ^J lazza-t; *-**L 

tu'ma-t. — (odour) ****}) rayiha-t 

(pi. ^ rawayih). 
Flavour,v. J*? tabbal, yutabbil; 

J*y taubal, yutaubil. 
Flaw, s. (crack) *** saqqa-t. — 

(blemish) s-** 'aib (pi. *▼>«* 

'uyub); £«* 'aiba-t (pi. v*e* 

Flax, 0. q\£ kattan, kuttan. 
Flaxen, adj. ^^ kattani-y ; ^ 

q\£ min kattan. 
Flay, t>. jJ^ jalad, yajlid ; jallad, 

yujallid ; ^L salab, yasluh, yas- 

Flea, 8. *±>y^ bargus (pi. *a^^ 

Fledge, v. <J*\ rayyas, yurayyis. 

Flee, v. v>jA harab, yahrub ; fp\ 
inbazam, yanhazim ; £ farr, ya- 

Fleece, s. ly* jizza-t, jazza-t (pi. 
*aAy+ jiz zat , j«- j izaz ) . 

Fleece, v. (shear sheep) y* jazz, 
yajuzz. — (plunder) ^ Wallah, 
yu^allih ; w^-» salab, yaslub. 

Fleet, 8. SjUe 'imara-t (pi. ^Uc 
*amayir) ; J^»-^ us^ul (pi. Je^t.^ 

Fleet, adj. J^c 'ajil ; gjt^- sari'.— 
(of horses) »>\y* jawad (pi. »>W 
jiyad, oWl ajyad, ^V^ ajawid). 

Fleeting, adj. Jj^j zayil; ^U 
%it; ^Ufdni. 

Fleetness, *. J^c 'ajal; ^* 

Flesh, s. ^J lahm (pi. r VJ liham, 
(•>J luhum) ; ^ habr. — (in 
opposition to spirit) Ju^ jasad 
(pi. jL-^\ ajsad, »>^-^ jusud).— 
(carnality) S^ £ahwa-t ; **AMR 
l^\x^\ al-lazzat al - jasadani- 

Digitized by 






Fleshly, adj. ^a-*- jasadani-y; 

J\~ti nufsani-y. 
Fleshiness, b. £*l~* jasama-t. 
Fleshy, adj. (**)*• mulhim, uiulah- 

ljam; (+**) lahim. 
Flexibility, Flexibleness, s. 

*W liyana-t; &Utt l£\3 qabiii- 

ya-t al-'atfa-t (&f&\ al-'auj) ; 

*±>L£*\ inhinas. — (of character) 

i+i%» malayima-t. 
Flexible, Flexile, adj. 

yanhani (3 aor.) ; **«N 

sahil al-'a^fa-t. 
Flexure, *. $j* 'auj ; U*^ inhina' ; 

«J&e 'atf . 
Flicker, tf. £** lama', yalma'. 
Flight, 8. v>#* hurub ; p\y&\ inhi- 

zam ; $£ firar. — (ac* of flying) 

q\j~L tayaran. — (flight of stairs) 

e^*>\ adriij (pi. of ej^ daraj) ; g;*> 

duraj (pi. of &*;•> durja-t) ; fJ%- 

salalim (pi. of fj~ sullam, sul- 

Flightiness, s. v>^ taus, fawas. 
Flighty," adj. <j*stU» $ayi6; < - A ts^ 

hafif (pi. «^Us> hifaf, ^JUM 

ahfaf) ; s^ qallab. 
Flimsiness, s. &\*» (*)& ( adam ma- 

Flimsy, adj. &**• ^ gair matin. 
Flinch, v. s-^r tajannab, yata- 

jannab ; W g>j raja* li-wara, 

yarja* ; &* \)\ aza* 'an, yaza\ 
Fling, v. <jf\ rama, yarmi ; *J**- 

hazaf, yahzif . 
Fling, *. **^ ramya-t. 
Flint, s. b\y sawwana-t (pi. y\yo 

sawwan) ; Sy^ lja§wa-t (pi. ^j** 

Flintiness, a. **3t* salaba-t. 
Flinty, adj. <j\** sawwani-y. — 

(obdurate) s-*l*H s-^> §alib al- 

Flirt, v. §& ganij, yagnaj. 
Flibt, s. &+*& ganij a- 1. 
Flirtation, s. g*& gunj ; e Ufc 

gunaj ; Sy^A 'iswa-t. 
Flit, v. (fly about) f^-*- ham, 
ya^um. — (remove) J«*^ irtafcal, 
yarta^il ; «-**. half, yaniff . 

Float, v. *\g 'am, ya'um; c*~ 

sabah, yasbah ; ^>U fas\ yafui. 
Float, s. k**" ma'diya-t, mu'ad- 

diya-t ; \j*y*y rum us (Syr.) ; ceUS" 

Flock, s. (herd) && qatf' (pi. 

gUoi qutan, g^ aqta').— (o/ 

fcircfo) ^- surba-t (pi. v>V^ 

asrab) ; &*f» hauma-t. — (congre- 
gation) £*W jama'a-t). 
Flock, v. £*r tajamma', yatajam- 

ma ( ; £+*A ijtama', yajtami*. 
Flog, v. v>/* darab, yadrib, yacjU 

rub ; £y> qara*, yaqra' ; 1»U aa$, 

yasut ; v*^ addab, yu'addib. 
Flogging, s. hy* darba-t; tj- 

saut ; l*y~5 taswit ; ^ jaid. 
Flood, s. U3\ jt^ faid al-ma' ; 

gVijL ^awafan, tufan. 
Flood, v. ^/Vi fad, yafid ; JU gal, 

Floor, s. &t±j\ ardiya-t. — (story) 

&&£ ^abaqa-t (pi. jW^ (ubaq) ; 

to* daur, dor (pi. j^^ adwar). 
Floral, adj. ^y*) zahri-y. 
Florid, adj. j*\) zahir. 
Floridness, 0. Syfe) zahra-t. 
Florist, 8. J^-w bustani-y ; ^V^J 

Flounce, 8. < j£&& kaika^; v** 3 ^ 

hudub ; *r>\<*Jb huddab ; «-*V-i 

sajaf ( Per s.). 
Flounder, v. jm baram, 'yabrum ; 

t^ 5 tadahraj, yatadahraj ; {j^j 

rafas, yarns, yarf us. 
Flour, 8. <jfe**> daqiq; Oki^ y^j 

zahr ad-daqiq ; &*»U£ kamaja-t. 
Flourish, v. (bloom) y&j zahar, 

yazhar; j&)\ azhar, yuzhir; rf 

nawwar, yunawwir. — ( prosper) 

(*** na'am, yan'um, yan'im ; 

na'im, yan'am. — {brandish) yby& 

hazhaz, yuhazhiz ; £*J lamina', 

Flourish, s. (of a trumpet) v>/* 

j^J\ 4 ar b al-buq. — (in writing) 

V* tugra' ; */L ^ugra-h (Pers.). 
Flour-merchant, s. yUJ» t a tt^n ; 

^5j £W bayya' daqiq. 
Floury, adj. ^J**^ ^atini-y ; jyo 


Digitized by 


Flo] 148 

Flow, v. JU sal, yasil; c 1 - sab, 
yasih ; <^ jara, yajri ; s— »\ 
insabb, yan^abb. 

Flow, s. ^^-. sayalan. — (abund- 
ance) lf£ kasra-t ; <ja*i faid ; fr 
waf r ; ^ wuf ur ; ^ darr. 

Flower, 8. yfcj zahr ; Syfe) zahra-t 
(pi. jy*j zubur, j<&j\ azbar) ; ; y 
naur (pi. j\f\ anwar) ; j\y nuw- 
war (pl- ^y nawawir). — (the 
beet part) <J~)U bula?a-t ; Sj*j 

Flower, v. y&>)\ azbar, yuzbir; j? 
nawwar, yunawwir. 

Flo wee-pot, s. jf*\* majur. 

Flowery, adj. ^ybj zabri-y. 

Fluctuate, v. (move, as a wave) 
Gy+* tamawwaj, yatamawwaj. — 
(be irresolute) s->^ irtab, yartab ; 
s^» taqallab, yataqallab. 

Fluctuation, s. (of waves) ty* 3 
tamawwuj; ,*U? talcum. — (of 
the ground) J)3y tazalzul. — (of 
the mind) s-& taqallub; sAJjt 

Fluent, adj. (in speech) ^V-J las- 
san ; £~J fasih (pi. U-* f usaba') ; 
&h bah A g (pi. Ul* bulaga'). 

Fluency, s. a^U* fasaba-t; flj&~ 

Fluid, adj. #U mayi* ; J*U sayil. 

Fluid, s. g>U mayi* (pi. &\y ma- 
way i'). 

Fluidity, s. &&{#• miya'a-t. 

Flush, v.n. j+*\ aljtmarr, yabmarr ; 
a. J*** hammar, yubammir ; j+*S 
abmar, yubmir. — (elate) t£ far- 
rah, yufarrih. 

Flush, s. j\j+°*\ ihmirar. 

Flute, s. a?V± gaba-t ; ^ nai (pi. 
**>UU nayat) ; &W* sabbaba-t. 

Fluting, s. (of a column) !*&» ha^t 
(pi. Ly^ butut) ; W*^ # tabtit ; 
f*fs tabrim. 

Flutter, v. (flap the wings) ^J^ 
raf raf , yuraf rif . — (be agitated) 
(3**- hafaq, yahfiq, yabfuq. 

Flutter, s. Jyj zalzal ; <J^j rati. 

Flux, *. (flowing) (^^ jarayan ; 
($#» sayalan. — (rising of the 


tide) a* madd. — (dysentery) Jl#-t 

Fly, s. ^^i zubaba-t (pi. s^jJ 

zubab, &> j\ azibba-t) ; vulg. &W 

Fly, v. jU, $ar, yatir. — (/fee) ftyatf 

inhazam, yanbazim ; s->j* barab, 

yabrub ; y farr, yaf urr. 
Foal, s. #• mubr (pi. $q*\ ambar, 

^ mibar) ; Ji filw, filu (pi. V\ 

Foal, v. ^ walad, yalid. 
Foam, s. ^ raga; iyt } ragwa-t ; 

*v?j zabad (pL *>^ azbad). 
Foam, v. ^j\ arga, yurgi; jhj\ 

azbad, yuzbid. 
Fob, s. s-^^ jaib, jeb (pL s-»j±> 

juyub) ; &«* jaiba-t, jeba-t (pL 

s-^s^ jiyab). 
Focus, s. j\jsc^\ &*> nuqta-t al- 

Fodder, 8. u&? < a laf (pi. ufe 

'ilaf, cJV, a'laf, *JjL* <uluf) ; «y 

Foe, «. ^ 'adu-w (pi. \±*\ a 4 da', 

^^^ a'adi, oW 'udat, ^ac 

'udan, 4dan). 
Fog, «. v>W* dabab ; a?W* dababa-t ; 

^ gaim, gem (pi. rr ± gu- 

Foible, s. )yci qusur; ^Ua* nuq- 

Foil, v. (frustrate) s-***- hayyab, 

yuhayyib; J^\ atyal, yub^il. — 

(defeat) O^ galab, yaglib. 
Foil, «. (defeat) ^ya> hazima-t (pL 

^)A hazayim). — (in jewellery) 

jy** munawwir. — (for fencing) 

!blA* u^-. saif mugallag (pL «-*^a— 

Fold, v. <<4» tawa, ya^wi ; ^ lawa, 

yalwi ; lawwa, yulawwi ; vj— ^ 

sana, yasni ; <-AJ laff, yaluff ; «J*^ 

tabbaq, yutabbiq. — (encZo*e) s-»jj 

zarab, yazrub. 
Fold, *. *J* ^iya-t ; ^y lawiya-t ; 

&*£ sanya-t. — (for sheep) fyaW* 

hagira-t (pi. ^VW hagavir) ; cV* 

murab (pi. tf murb). 
Folding-door, *. &>**j* wW b4b 


Digitized by 





Foliage, s. j\ }) \ auraq (pi. of jh* 
waraq, " leaf "). 

Folk, *. <j*U\ an-nas ; ijk» halq. 

Follow, v. £-J taba', yatba' ; £?V? 
Jc taba' *aia, yutabi' ; to tala, 
yatlA. — (pursue) v>J lahiq, yal- 
haq ; <3^-^ istahlaq, yastahliq. 
— (ensue) J-». hasal, yahsal. — 
(obey) gU, ta', yaii' ; gti a*iV, 

Follower, s. ( partisan) &\* tabi' ; 
£*^* mutabi*. — (disciple) *W* 
talmiz (pi. J^«^ talamiz, Sa*^ 

Folly, s. &W jahala-t ; J^ jahl ; 
aaVa- safaha-t ; &U*. hamaqa-t ; 
&y lfisa-t. 

Foment, v. J** habbal, ynhabbil ; 
a ♦ f kaminad, yukanimid. — 
(excite) dy*. harrak, yuharrik; 
t/»^ harrad, yuharrid. 

Fomentation, *. ^~**J takmid; 
*>UX kimad ; SjU£ kimada-t. — 
(encouragement) <*hf* tahrik. 

Fond, adj. (tender) 0^ hanihi; 
s^aN «3-**> raqiq al - qalb. — 
(loving) ,j^Ac <asiq ; J\ J«U 
mayil ila; s-w« muhibb; s-^VL 
talib ; v> ft** mugram bi ; £y 
s-> mula' bi. 

Fondle, v. «-ALS M^af, yulatff; 
Utes talattaf, yatalaftaf; <JJU 
mallaq, yumalliq ; Ji*> dallal, yu- 

Fondness, 8. J«* mail (pi. JW^ 
amyal) ; &**j ragba-t ; <J>*** 4 isq ; 
a*^* muhabba-t. 

Font, s. h*y**+& ©A jurn al- 
ma'mudiya-t (pi. y\y*\ ajran). 

Food, 8. **>j* qiit ; fUL ^'arn ; Jtf 
H-»y» ; akl wa 6urb ; \±± gi?a\ 

Fool, *., Foolish, adj. eV^* niaj- 
nun (pi. (^^» majanin) ; &+*-\ 
ahmaq, f. \&+*» hamqa (pi. <3**- 
humuq, jU*. ljimaq) ; *W ablah, 
f . \& balha' (pi. *1» buih). 
Foolhabdinbss, s. (++& tahaj- 

jum ; 8a*\y muwaha^a-t 



adj. f* +Q~ * mutahaj- 
Fooleby, s. yf+ 

junun; £iu^ hamaqa-t; SjW& 
gabawa-t ; &W jahala-t. 

Foot, s. J*; rijl (du. ^J^ rijlen, 
pi. J^\ arjul) ; p*i qadam (pi. 
I^Jurt aqdam, p>3\ aqdum). — (the 
measure) (•>& qadam. — (in poetry) 
J**A> taf'il (pi. J**W tafa'il) ; y* 
juz (pi. \yA ajza'). — (0/ a moun- 
tain, &c.) Ja-^ asfal. 

Fop, s. j»>^ gandar ; jj^ gundiir. 

Foppish, adj. jw U Aa* mutagaudir. 

Foppishness, Foppeby, s. tjjat 

Fob, prep, (on account of) J li ; 
J*3 li-ajl. — (instead of) ^*Uje 
'iwadan (vulg. 'awad) 'an. 

Fob, conj. ($ li-ann; s±~*. haig, 
hes ; U^> hais-ma. 

Fobage, 8. u^ 'alaf (pi. ufe\ 
a 4 laf, U^ 4 ilaf). 

Fobage, v. «-Al*ft fi lamm al-'alaf, 
yalumm ; JU rad, yarud. 

Fobay, 8. ^— </kabsa-t. 

Fobbeab, v. (abstain) us \» ~+5 tamas- 
sak, yatamassak; &z+\ imtana', 
yamtani*. — (desist) £^2>\ inqata*, 
yanqati'; «-^ kaff, yakuff. — (to 
endure) J-*s^ ihtamal, yahtamil ; 
^^Ic j+* sabar 'ala, yasbir. — (be 
merciful) p*~) rahim, yarham. 

Fobbeabance, «. (abstinence) )\j**\ 
ihtiraz ; gy*»\ imtina*. — (pa- 
tience) j** sabr ; ^A isobar ; 
J^ tahammul ; JUso.\ ihtimal. 
— (lenity) ^-SAAi gafaqa-t; £«*j 
rahma-t ; ^4*^ marhama-t. 

Fobbeabing, adj. (patient) jy*~ 
sabur. — (merciful) f^t^j rahim ; 
^U^ rahman. 

Fobbid, v. a*1* pf* harram *ale-hi, 
yuharrim; ^ ^* £*~ mana' 'an 
se-yin, yamna'; $f* t arra j> y u - 

Fobbidden, adj. £^» mamnu'; 
f\j*> haram ; f j^» manhi-y. 

Fobce, 8. (strength) Sj* quwwa-t 
(pi. ^ quwa) ; ^a» qudra-t ; 
j\jjj\ iqtidar ; &U* taqa-t. — (t?io- 
lence) s— ^ gasb; ^* qahr; S^ 
quhra-t; w^ jabr ; ^ jaur. 

Fobce, v. py\ alzam, yulzim ; s-^» 

Digitized by 





gasab, yagsib; & qahar, yaq- 

Forceps, s. aaUS kammaia-t ; &&£ 

kallaba-t (pi. **>\ -at, s-Jtf kala- 

lib); q\*<X kalbatan (kalbatain, 

Fobd, 8. <J>f* bau4, ho4; **W» 

niahacja-t (pi. u*}Us* mahawicj) ; 

gU* maqta* (pi. ^to* maqati'). 
Fobdable, cu2/. u*U^ yanMd (3 

aor. pass.). 
Fobe, adj. ^^ quddami-y. 
Fobeabm, e. Ja-S* Jjy\ az-zand al- 

asfal (pi. *>y; zunud). 
Fobebode, v. Jys tafawwal, yata- 

Fobecast, v. jte tafakkar, yata- 

fakkar; J**^ ta'ammal, yata- 

'ammal; **G taqassad, yatakas- 

sad ; a^c 'amad, ya'mid. 
Fobecast, «. ^a» tafakkur; ±S 

taqassud ; *u^ 'amd. 

FOBECASTLE, 8. (of a skip) )±" 

s-^*N sadr al-markab (pi. j;^* 

Fobedoom, v. jAi qaddar, yuqaddir. 
Fobepatheb, s. J^% jadd (pi. *)*t 

judud, *>W^ ajdad). 
Fobefinoeb, 8. JkfcUutt a$-.4ahid ; 

^l*«J\ as-sabbaba-t. 
Forego, v. **)/ tarak, yatruk ; JjU> 

y*- tanazal 'an, yatanazal ; J *a>U 

fat li, yafut. 
Fobegoing, adj. f JAs* mutaqad- 

dim ; <3*t- sabiq. 
Fobehead, a. {$*t+ jabin (pi. (2**t 

ajbun, £*^ ajbina-t) ; £$«- jab- 

ha-t ; &*L* sul'a-t. 


garib (pi. ty guraba', v>^ 

agrab) ; (J**** ajnabi-y ; jty 

Fobeknow, v. J<i ^ «J(^ 'araf 

min qabl, ya'rif ; "V*^ v>«— sabaq 

'arifan, yasbiq, yasbuq. 
Fobelock, s. $**U nasiya-t (pi. 

^5-^y nawasi). 
Fobbman, 8. u~>\) rayis. 
Fobemast, *. Sjj^jJ\ ad-duwaidra-t. 
Fobemost, adj. f ja*N al-muqad- 

dim ; JjS\ al-awwal ; f±>\ aqdam. 

Fobenoon, 8. *w* <Jahwa-t ; ^^ft 

cjuhan ; j^\ Jji qabl az-zuhr. 
Fobe-obdain, v. ;•** qaddar, yu- 
Fobe-obdination, 8. ji<x8 taqdir 

(pi. wy^Atf taqdirat, ^*>U& taqa- 

Fobebun, v. <J*- sabaq, yasbiq, 

FoBBSBB, v. s ^ ft - hasib, yas^ib ; 

0-wt hamman, yuhammin. 
Fobeseen, adj. *^- ;jk*» manzur 

Fobesight, 8. (prudence) &*~ W* 

muhasaba-t ; S*— *a* basira-t. — 

(fore-knowledge) Jto* ta'aqqul. 
Fobeskin, 8. &i qulfa-t (vulg. 

l&t gulfa-t) ; &/ gurla-t. 
Fobest, 8. v>^ gab; £?^ gaba-t; 

v>/* hirs* (pi. \j»\f>\ abrlU) ; *—*•> 

disa-t (pi. u-i^ dis, diyus). 
Fobesteb, 8. \j*j^\ )^ n&tur al- 

hirs (pl.^V nawatir). 
Forestall, v. Jh— sabaq, yasbiq, 

yasbuq; ^ L^ b^wwat *ala, 

Fobetell, v. W^ aiiba', yunbi ; j&\ 

anzar, yunzir. 

FOBETHOUGHT, 8. S-J>\j*^ V»^— *• 

hisab al-'awaqib ; Sje*o? basira-t. 
Fobetoken, t;. v* ^t abna bi, 

Fobetoken, s. JU f al ; «>;W isa- 

ra-t; %** dalala-t; ^-)b <ala- 

Fobewabn, v. ^^ anzar, yunzir. 
Fobpeit, 8. &+tf* jarima-t (pi. ^^ 

jarayim) ; ff* jurm; lAjt gara- 

Fobpeit, v. aJU k^\ indaba^ mal- 

hu, yandabit. 
Fobpeitube, *. ^U^- jarima-t ; W* 

Fobge, v. (iron) m^\ <3«> daqq al- 

hadid, yaduqq ; j^j^J^ j>^ (araq 

al-badid, ya^ruq. — (falsify) ^ 

zawwar, yuzawwir ; J*j zagal, 

yazgal. — (forge lies) <j,f*\ iftara, 

Fobge, 0. ^a*J\ ^ kur al-haddad ; 

«ri**3\ s y^» mi'mal al-baddad. 

Digitized by 





Forger, *. $y muzawwir; J*£* 

Forgery, *. *£& taqlid ; jitf taz- 
wlr ; Ali^j zaugala-t. 

Forget, v. ^-i nasi, yansa ; ^y t^ 
*3W rah min bal-hu. 

Forgetful, adj. ^W-* nasyan ; 
^5— > nasi-y; ^ nassa\ 

Forgetfulness, 8. ^W— * nisyan. 

Forgive, t>. y* gaf ar, yagfir ; ^ Uc 
'afa* 'an, ya'fu ; J £*- samuh li, 
yamsuh ; ^ £** safah 'an, y as- 

Forgiveness, s. Sywu magfira-t, 
magfara-t ; /* *af u ; tU~ samab. 

Fork, *. &j* soka-t, £auka-t ; &£#]* 
furtaika-t; taU milqat (pi. ^)t* 

Fork, v. £/ farra', yufarri' ; &\ 
afra', yufri*. 

Forlorn, oc?/. ^)f~ matruk ; JjJ^* 

Form, *. Isy sura-t (pi. jy suwar) ; 
J** safcl ( p l. J\&\ askal, J/a, 
sukul). — (mould) s-J^ qalib (pl. 
s— JU* qawaiib). — (ceremony) 
UkJX taklif (pl. u^Uj takalif). 
— (in grammar) £**• siga-t ; ^ 
wazn (pl. ^\j^ auzau). — (bench) 
&& taht (pl. s*>f* tuhut). 

Form, t?. (create) »±>j^ ahdas, 
yuhdia ; <$£ kawwan, yukaw- 
win. — (shape) jy sawwar, yu- 
aawwir; £U sag, yasug; &~ 
sana', yasna'; J£a» sakkal, yu- 

Formal, adj. (ceremonious) s-»^ 
v^UbJ 9 ahib takalluf at (pl. vW 
afhab). — (precise) ^)y suri-y. 

Formality, *. U i ^ s taklif (pl. 
«~AtJV5S takalif) ; ^yU qanun (pl. 
^)— *»\j* qawanin) ; SjL^ 4 ada-t 
(pl. *&f> 'awayid). 

Formation, s. jtyS taswir; i^*j*> 
takwin; s-*-^/ tarkib; &-*• 

Former, ad/. <3tl*» sabiq; f»xfc* 

Formerly, adv. *Ua&* muqadda- 

Formidable, adj. Jje* mahul, mu- 

hawwil ; «-A^» muhayyif ; 

Formidableness, 8. flyfc haula-t; 

&«* haiba-t. 
Formula, s. l^y sura-t (pl. >y 

suwar) ; J^ jadwal (pl. JjW 

jadawii) ; £-*~o siga-t ; <2j-*Vi 

Formulary, s. (£**V ^^ kitab 

qawanin ; &*\* ^yU qanun na- 

ma-h; )f~* dastiir (pl. ^JUj 

Fornication, s. V*j zina* ; <>*•* 

Fornicator, *. <^\j zani (pl. ct>Uj 

zunat) ; <>-U fasiq. 
Fornicatress, s. ***\j zaniya-t (pl. 

^^j zawani) ; &-Vi fasiqa-t ; a«*\j 

za^iya-t (pl. J»^j zawani). 
Forsake, v. J3U- hazal, yuhazil ; 

»aJ/ tarak, yatruk. 
Forsaken, adj. J;*^* mahzul (pl. 

Ja Jlat^ mahazil) ; d^f* matriik. 
Forsooth, adv. "\**» haqqan ; 'W^o 

Forswear, v. (renounce) J&) rafad, 

yarfid, yarfud. — (swear falsely) 

te~+i ^ e-Uft. hanis fi yamin-hu, 

Fort, Fortress, *. &*& qal 4 a-t (pl. 

g^l qila 4 , fjl* quhY); ^^ hi?n 

(pl. (jj^-»- husiin, i^». hisana-t, 

(^Ud.\ ahsan). 
Forth, adv. (abroad) gyU. harij ; 

~\fl barran. 
Forthcoming, adj. y-* *^- hadir; 

jA^x*» mutahaddir. 
Forthwith, adv. JU^ ^ fi-'l-hal ; 

*3W halan ; a^cL. ^y min sa'at- 

Fortification, s. {;)***? tahsin. — 

(stronghold) (;>— «** hisn ; & -*\i 

qal 4 a-t (for pl. see Fort). 
Fortify, v. (for defence) &**» haa- 

?an, yuhassin. — (strengthen) ^ 

qawwa, yuqawwi. 
Fortitude, s. Sjl— ► jasara-t ; l^A 

Fortnight, 8. ^ e - 7 - * * * juui'aten; 

&6*y*~ \ usbii^en. 
Fortress, s. see Fort. 

Digitized by 





Fobtuitous, adj. y*;U 'arid ; ^}* 
'aridi-y ; J>^ ittifaqi-j. 

Fortunate, adj. x**~ sa'id; oyu-* 
mas'ud ; u^f*** mabhut. 

Fortune, 8. (lot) s-~-* nasib (pi. 
U«>\ ausiba', l**i\ ansiba-t) ; j*>*> 
dahr (pi. )$*>*> duhur,jfc^ adhar). 
— (luck) k>^*- sa'ada-t; e^_*^ 
baht (Pers.) ; ^ hazg. — (bad 
fortune) h bala. — (wealth) JU 
mal (pi. JV^ ainwal); «tXU 
milk (pi. d%*\ amlak). 

Fortune-teller, s. J^; rammal ; 
,»fr.** munajjim. 

Forty, Fortieth, ac?/. <£e**^ ar- 
ba'in (ej**^ arba'un). 

Forward, adj. (anterior) (* & « > S 
qadiin ; f* - ft -* muqaddam. — 
(eager) »\ fr *%* inujtahid. — (pre- 
sumptuous) F&" mutakabbir ; 
^ waqih ; ^W jabbar ; J*-** 
fuduli-y. — (early in season) j*** 

Forward, Forwards, adv. f\& 
quddam, p\±* ^\ ila quddam. 

Forward, v. (help on) <^* 'awan, 
yu'awin. — (transmit) J-*^ arsal, 
yursil; *^*? ba'as, yab'as. 

Fosse, s. jj^l handaq (pi. jAw. 

Fossil, 8. ij**" ma'dini-y. 

Foster, v. (nourish) *a>tf qat, ya- 
qut; <jj rabba, yurabbi. — (en- 
courage) yjtf* harrad, yuharrid; 
it**, hass, yahuss. 

Foster-brother, s. &\*j f\ ah 
radsVa-t (pi. *y.\ ihwa-t, ^^ 

Foster-sister, 8. &u>) &±\ uht 
rada'a-t (pi. *s>\jl\ ahawat). 

Foul, adj. (unclean) {j~*r najis ; 
(j-i^ danis ; £~j wasih ; ^ 
darin. — (abominable) &>£ karih; 
£~i qabih ; a-U fasid. 

Foul, v. lt^ najjas, yunajjis ; £* 3 
wassak, yuwassih. 

Foulness, s. a-W najasa-t ; ^^ 
wi saha- 1 ; £~j w as a h . — ( 10 ic&ecZ- 
7ie«fl) ^W* qabaha-t ; £^» sana' ; 
AcUa samVa-t. 

Found, v. u~- t assas, yu'assis ; ^ 

bana, yabni ; fte\ aqam, yuqtm ; 

«-A5^ auqaf, yuqif. — (cast) s— 

sabb, yasubb; *at*— sabak, yas- 

Foundation, s. <j*\-\ asas (pi. y— \ 

usus) ; J-\ aal (pi. Jj-A usul).— 

(endowment) «-Aij waqf (pi. utefl 

auqaf) ; «yb— ^ hasanat (pi.). 
Founder, s. (builder) <j~~\>» mu'as- 

sis ; &>\) wacji'. — (moulder) »*5W- 

Founder, v. Jj± gariq, yagraq; 

djti tagarraq, yatagarriq; *±yw 

harras, yubarris. 
Foundery, Foundry, s. tsX*~* 

masbak (pi. cdjL-^ masabik). 
Founding, s. s-*^js tazwib; £*W 

izaba-t ; *sl*~ sabk. 
Foundling, 8. ^ laqifc (pi. Ud 

Fount, Fountain, «. (^ 'ain (pi. 

e^*c 'uyun, &ec\ a'yun) ; ^# 

mamba* (pi. gjU* mauabi') ; 

£^4 yambu 4 (pi. £*»U* yanabi'). 

— (i e ^ °f water) t*&~i fisqiva-t 

(pi. ^iUJ fasaqi) ; ^^oU sadir- 

wan. — (origin) J*\ asl (pi. Jj*\ 

usul) ; ^^» mania*. 
Four, adj. &*ij\ arba £ a-t, f. gjl 

Four-fold, adj. u>lb\ &*jj\ arba'at 

Four-footed, adj. ^>\y{ gj\ ^ zu 

arba* qawayim. 
Four-score, adj. ^U* samanin. 
Fourteen, adj. yuc i^j\ arba*at 

4 aiar. 
Fourteenth, adj. jA* g>\j rabi* 

Fourth, adj. £?\> rabi*. 
Fourthly, adv. *\*i\j rabi'an. 
Fowl, s. (cock) ^o dik (pi. ^*> 

duyuk. — (hen) *+W* dajaja-t.— 

(poultry) )jj°\\iy ur (pi. of^Ltair). 
Fowl, v. ^ >^> tasayyad tuyur, 

Fowler, s. (jj-J») *>W* sayyad 

Fox, s. s-^w sa*lab (pi. s-^^> sa'a- 

lib) ; (;>ti-»^^ f\ abu - '1 - huaain ; 

J^ haital. 

Digitized by 





Fraction, 8. j~£ kasr (pi. jy~* 

Fractional, adj. isy~£ kasri-y. 
Fractious, adj. <jiU-» mubnniq ; 

*r*f& gadub ; ^jUfc gudabi-y. 
Fractiousness, 8. i~*\j± sarasa-t. 
Fracture, 8. ij~Z kasra-t. 
Fracture, v. a. y~& kasar, yaksir ; 

n. y~&\ inkasar, yankasir. 
Fragile, adj. j.~- C ;j yankasir (3 

aor.) ; j . ■■■ < ;* munkasir. 
Fragility, 8. J>S*y\ Mi\i qabi- 

liya-t al-inkasar; * i « V*\ \ &*iy~ 

sari'a-t al-'a$b. 
Fragment, 8. iy~S kasra-t; &to 

qi{«a-t (pi. e^ qita 4 ). 
Fragrance, Fragrancy, 8. &*:\> 

rayiha-t; s-wJ» {ib (pi. «r»W 

a(yab) ; tj-* fauh (pi. cV^ 

af wah) ; £^& nafha-t. 
Fragrant, adj. £** mu'attar. 
Frail, adj. ^ fan! ; ^JUt* da'if. 
Frailty, 8. ^i tana' ; te\y nazaka-t. 

— (fault) Z**& naqisa-t (pi. ^Va* 

naqayis) ; Z~&\ UL-x^ du'f at- 

Frame, *. (structure) SjUc 'iinara-t. 

— (of a picture) )\rf barwaz (pi. 

jl)\ji barawiz). — (of the mind) 

J^ hal (pi. jy\ ahwal). 
Frame, v. (make) g— s -*> sana', 

ya$na' ; J-*e 'amil, ya'mal. — 

(fit) &) waffaq, yuwafiiq; )}* 

balwaz, yubalwiz ; p~) rasam, 

Framework, 8. flV**> saqala-t. 
Franchise, v. (free) ,j^*\ a{laq, 

yu^liq ; ,3^ a'taq, yu'tiq. 
Franchise, Franchisement, *. 

J&\ i$laq ; j\**\ i'taq. 
Frank, adj. (candid, sincere) jAsk* 

muhlis ; ^\*> saf i ; joU sadiq. — 

(liberal) ^ kariin ; ^jafc- sahi-y. 
Frankincense, 8. ^. bahur, bah- 

hur (pi. y<A^. bahahir) ; (jW* 

liban, luban; j^ kundur. 
Frankness, 8. »;^* sat'awa-t ; j*b*\ 

Frantic, adj. gW-** gadban ; j*~» 

sa'ir (pi. e;^- sa'ra) ; &\& bayij. 
Fraternal, adj. ^ytA ahawi-y. 

Fraternity, 8. if»\ uhuwa-t ; 

«yla^j* muwahat. — (congregation) 

hf»\ abawiya-t. 
Fratricide, 8. a^\ Jtoqatilaha-hu. 
Fraud, Fraudulence, *. <j*** giss ; 

j£+ makr ; &**• hila-t ; Ju£ kaid 

(pi. *>W*kiyad) ; a*>^ hxdi'a-t. 
Fraudulent, adj. j&+ makkar; 

julLt ga^stL4 ; £^ hadda*. 
Fraught, adj. q^^A* masbun ; 

(:)%• mai'an ; jU* mamlu-w. 
Freak, 8. «^yfc hawa (pi. \y*\ 

abwtV) ; (**) wahm (pi. f&^ 

Freakish, adj. o 4 ^ wabmi-y ; 

<^yfc bawayi-y ; }4y muzantir. 
Freckle, s. <jW namas* ; &*»♦* na- 

Freckled, adj. <JU* namis. 
Free, v. <j&± hallas, yuhallis ; «j!M 

a^laq, yu^liq. 
Free, adj. ^ burr (pi. j\y>\ abrar, 

j\f- hirar) ; J^*^ ma 4 t\iq ; (joJV*. 

halis. — (in manners, speech, &c) 

v5^ t^liq; <3^ taliq. — (public) 

f\* *amm. 
Freedman, *. «3iw^ 'atiq (pi. Vise 

*utaqa) ; J^»^ ma'tuq. 
Free-he a.rted, adj. &g-" v*a.U 

sahib murawwa-t; ^>ykarim. 
Freeness, Freedom, 8. &>f* hurri- 

ya-t ; jW itlaq ; loiuc 'ataqa-t ; 

&>& talaqa-t. 
Freeze, v.n. ±+* jamad, yajmud; 

Ju-r tajammad, yatajammad ; a. 

Ju^ jammad, yujammid. 
Freight, 8. (load) ^^*- hamula-t ; 

v>-; wasq (pi. Jj~j wusuq, ^>-^ 

ausuq). — (charge for carriage) 

Jy naul (pi. J^ anwal). 
Freight, v. <>-j wasaq, yasiq. 
Frenzy, s. **-** gadaba-t ; g^ 

bayajan ; vy* junun. 
Frequency, 8. fy* kasra-t; kj£\ 

Frequent, adj. *>oy^ mutai-addid ; 

j^» mukarrar; £j*£\ ^ kasir 

Frequent, v. ^ ^ taraddad 

'ala, yataraddad ; j*** 'aiar, yu- 



Digitized by 





Fresh, adj. (cool) JjW barid. — (not 

faded) ^ tari-y; s-J»> ra$ib.— 

(not salt) *r>±* 'azib ; <f*> balu. — 

(new?) •**•** jadid. 
Freshen, v. ^J* tarra, yutarri. 
Freshet, 8. «t>y U ma furat ; J*-» 

sail (pi. Jj*- suyul). — (overflow) 

U3\ Jm fai<J al-rau. 
Freshness, 8. S,y» {arawa-t ; S ; U> 

na^ara-t ; Sj^ burudu-t. 
Fret, v.a. (abrade) *y farak, yaf- 

ruk ; f arrak, yaf arnk ; *£* hakk, 

yahukk. — (vex) ^/y» 4awwai, yu- 

iawwis" ; s-^ gadtfab, yuga4<Jib ; 

n. \f>f*j taiawwas", yatasawwai. 
Fretful, adj. v>j** ga4ub ; v>r*"** 

Fretfulness, 8. <j*4jA* taswis; 

s^W icftirab. 
Friability, 8. &±\±* hasasa-t. 
Friable, adj. u*-* has*s\ 
Friar, 8. w*>\ } rahib (pi. ^W*; 

Friction, 8. **W bakk ; ceLX** tah- 

kik ; dji f urk ; *k/s tafrik. 
Friday, «. i-ju^\ fj-t yom al- 

jum'a-t. — (Good Friday) &*++ 

fW\ jum'a-t al-alam. 
Friend, 8. s ^ ^ habib (pi. v*W 

ahbab, W*^ ahibba') ; s-n** mu- 

fcibb ; J^ haiil (pi. (^U hullan, 

JU hulla-t) ; s-~ U sahib (pi. 

v>W^ ashab) ; <Jfc«*-> sadiq (pi. 

Mxo\ asdiqa'). 
Friendless, adj. Jv^b* mahzul. 
Friendliness, 8. *m*>j wadad ; &UJ 

Friendly, adj. **-^~ mufcibb; 

u ~*±\ anis ; c!a«U latff . 
Friendship, 8. &*+*• muhabba-t; 

s-*- hubb ; foy inuwadda-t ; 

ii\^o sadaqa-t ; j?^ hulus. 
Frieze, *. ^\ ifriz (pi. ^W 

Frigate, 8. &>ty firqata-t. 
Fright, 8. Jyfc baui, hoi (pi. J^ 

ahwal) ; 8yfcjwahra-t; s-^; ru*b. 
Frighten, v. Jy* hawwal, yuhaw- 

wil ; *-*y*» hawwaf, yuhawwif ; &* 

fazza', yufazzi* ; «-r^ ar'ab, 


Frightful, adj. J^» mahul ; J|U 

hayil; *-*f** mahuf, muhawwif; 

i-A*^** rauhif. 
Frightfulne8s, 8. &y* haula-t ; 

J^J tabawwul. 
Frigid, adj. ^ barid. 
Frigidity, *. $>># buruda-t. 
Frill, *. W layya-t ; cJV* sajaf. 
Fringe, 8. v>J^ hudb, hudub; 

cJV- sajaf (Pers.). 
Fringe, v. Ji^ zayyal, yuzayyil; 

t&>Ul^~t ^4j zayyan bi- sajaf at, 

Frisk, v. Jh* 'anzar, yu'anzir; W 

natt, yaoutt- 
Friskiness, 8. tUi naiaj. 
Frisky, adj. Was naii* (pL Uaj 

nisat, <>^ nasata). 
Fritter, v. (break) y& kassar, yu- 

kassir; ^ai qa^taS yuqatti'.— 

(waste away) ^jd\ afna, yufni. 
Frivolous, adj. JtW Mtil ; J^W 

baUal ; J&d\ <-***» bafif al-'aql. 
Frivolousness, Frivolity, 8. (^ 

bullan ; flVL> ba^ala-t ; i*«- baffa-t. 
Fro, adv. \# wara* ; \^ li-wara*. 
Frock, s. g\Ui qaf^an ; ^V fara- 

Frog, *. ^cja* dafda'a-t (pi. £** 

dafda*, JjUi ^afadi') ; J,-** 

'uqurruq ; ^ lujm, lajam. 
Frolic, 8. $y* barj ; ^^» tahrij ; 

v*^» tarab; ^ mazn (pi. cV 

Frolic, v. tj* harraj, yuharrij ; 

C>* mazab, yarazah. 
Frolicsome, adj. $j\* tarij ; cV 

From, |>rep. ^ 'an ; ^ min ; ^ 

•uc min 'and. 
Front, 8. <%j wajh (pi. *y^ wujuh) ; 

f*^ quddam ; i*»jJU muqadda- 

Front, v. J^Vi qabal, yuqabil ; J»^ 

taqabal, yataqabal. 
Frontage, 8. **j wajh (pi. »^ 

Frontier, «. »w hadd (pi. »>^*»- 

^udiid) ; ^ tahm, tuhni (pi. 

^ tuhum, * f tuhum) ; /» sag 1 " 


Digitized by 





Frontispiece, a. (of a building) 
see Frontage, Front. — (of a 
book) y^r* 'unwan ; gW>.»> dibaj 
(pl- t^** dayablj, £*A>*> daba- 

Frontlet, s. **W 'isaba-t (pi. 
* i * & * ? 'asayib, s— * *usab). 

Fbost, s. J^Wjalid. 

Fro8tt, adj. *W ^ band jiddan. 

Froth, *. Sy^ ragwa-t ; B*\& $uf &- 
fca-t ; *jj zabad (pi. »>ly\ azbad). 

Froth, ». ^fc^ arga, yurgi. 

Frothy, adj. ^\ } ragi ; 8 fy ^ zft 

Froward, adj. (perverse) *?* sarir. 
— (refractory) •***« 'anid (pi. «uc 

*unud) ; J-Ac 'asi (pi. ~ oUt 


Frowardness, s. ( perverseness) ^ 

sarr ; tyj* sarara-t ; Ifa rada- 

wa-t.— -(refractoriness) *>Ue 'inad ; 

(jU-ac 'isyan ; SjUd 'asawa-t. 

Frown, *. u-j-** 'ubus; u*-*;«> 

s-^j*N ta'arqus al-hawajib. 
Frown, v. *«*} lt*** 'abas wajhu- 
hu, ya'bis ; 'abbas wajha-hu, 
yu'abbis ; s-**VJ\ <jaijfi 'arqas al- 
tajib, yu'arqis ; ^ kalah, yak- 
Frozen, adj. > w %« mujammad; 

j^yu maqr&r. 
Fructiferous, acfy*. 7*** mugmir. 
Fructification, *. ry& talqih. 
Fructify, v. j+* sammar, yusam- 
mir; ^ as mar, yuamir; ^aJ 
laqq ih, yulaqqih ; s— *»\ ahsab, 
Frugal, adj. Jas«* mu'tadil ; d^ to 

*afif ; L^+ jst gair muf tit- 
Frugality, s. **Ui qana'a-t ; je*f 

taufir ; SjUj zahada-t. 
Fruit, *. SrM §amara-t (pi. %Uft 
as mar, ^U> simar) ; *e*U fakiha-t 
(pL **U* fawakih). — (advantage) 
gt* naf'; S«a** maufa'a-t; Sj^U 
f&yida-t ; S*M ifada-t. 
Fruitage, #. (produce) Jj— «^» 

Fruiterer, *. tf\j* gW* bayya* 
fawakih ; <J\&> fakihani-y. 

Fruitful, adj. ^U musmir; j*£ 

jUftt ka*ir al-asmar. 
Fruitpulne33, 8. ;U>\ iamar ; lj& 

;U*S\ kasra-t al-asmar. 
Fruition, a. £*♦* tamattu' ; uytf 

tasarruf ; **•& talazzuz. 
Fruitless, adj. £*V* ^ gair nafi* ; 

Sj«U ^ bila fayida-t; JU» batil. 
Frustrate, v. s-~** hayyab, yu- 

bayyib ; JW battal, yubattil ; JW^ 

abtal, yubtil. 
Frustration, s. s^w*^ tahyib; 

JkM tabtil. 
Fry, «.a. ^ qala, yaqli ; qalla, 

yuqalli; n. { J&\ inqala, yan- 

Fry, s. fyj\~* basariya-t ; y#* sir. 
Frying-pan, s. ^>^» tajin (pi- 

&*\£ tawajin) ; h^ miqlaya-t 

(pi. ij^*" maqali). 
Fuel, s. *j») wuqAd; s-^»- ha^ab 

(pi. v >U«v\ ah^ab). 
Fugitive, adj., s. v»;^> harib ; ^W^ 

harban ; ^^ firari-y. 
Fulcrum, s. ^s- sanad (pi. *>^ 

Fulfil, v. (+» tammam, yutam- 

mim ; {u ^ qada, yaqdi ; qa4da, 

Fulfilment, *. f\**\ itmam; ^ 

tamm ; Jj^ takmil. 
Full, adj. ^JU malan ; ^^» mal- 

yan; /^» mamlii-w; {J t*+ mu- 

Full, s. (repletion) g** saba*. 
Full, v. f* qa^r, yaqsur; W*- 

habba^, yubabbi^. 
Fuller, s. j\** qassar. 
Fullery, s. lj*&+ maq8ara-t. 
Fulling, s. S^Ui qasara-t. 
Fulminate, v. *^> ra'ad, yar'ad; 

J^\ ar*ad, yur*id ; J*Art inia'al, 

Fulmination, s. A*j\ ir'ad ; JUaj^ 

Fulness, «. !U«\ imtila' ; c^» ti^b- 
Fulsome:, oc?/. uyu muqarrif ; «;^» 

makruh ; yft^U fa^is. 
Fulsomeness, 0. <jW fuhs, fahs; 

iA^U fahtiia-t. 
Fumble, v. (manage awkwardly) 

Digitized by 





(*&& gaiam, yagsira. — (grope) 

^r— *. hassas, yuhassis. 
Fumbler, 8. (**£& gasim (pi. U-fc^ 

Fumbling, s. &y ^ gasumiya-t. 
Fume, g. (^*> duhan, duhhan (pi. 

&u^ adhina-t. 
Fume, v. &*»* dahhan, yudahhin. 

— (rage) s-^ gadab, yagdib; 

M*±\ igtaz, yagtag. 
Fumigate, v. f&. bahhar, yubahhir. 
Fumigation, g. ;*afc*> tabhir ; J**y 

Fun, 8. s-*J la'ab; &>y nuzha-t; 

Cy* mazh (pi. cV m i za b) ; g^«> 

Function, g. J** 'amal (pi. JUc^ 

a'mal) ; s-~«^* mansab (pi. s-*«l** 

manasib) ; £-*ja. hidnia-t (pi. 

p±± hidam). 
Functionary, g. &;.*U.* s-^-^> sahib 

niunasaba-t ; ^a ^ * mansabdar. 
Fund, s. JUN <j-^ ras al-mal 

(vulg. rasmal) ; JUM J-^ asl al- 
Fundament, 8. <j-U^ asas (pi. ^r*~^ 

U8us). — (seat of the body) «**a* 

lnaq'ad (pi. Ju*\iU maqa'id). 
Fundamental, adj. <j~^ asasi-y ; 

<jl*t asli-y. 
Fundamental, g. ftJ^Vi qa'ida-t (pi. 

±*\y* qawii'id). 
Funeral, 8. SjW janaza-t ; {$<*<£ 

tadfin ; ^jiJ* tadaffun ; \p *aza\ 
Funnel, g. £♦* qim', qum' (pi. 

£t** q um u*). 

Funny, adj. ^^st— * mushin ; ctW^ 

mudhik. " 
Fur, 8. *rf farwa-t (pi. v^;V farawi, 

^y» fira). 
Furious, adj. s^ 4 * gadub ; g*V* 

Furiousness, Fury, g. s-^ gacjab ; 

^L^-db hay a jan ; $•** 3idda-t ; 

lj+juh gasmara-t. 
Furl, v. <sf* $awa, ya^wi ; fi 

lamm, yalumm. 
Furlong, g. J**N <$*$ sumn al- 

Furlough, s. c\j^ Sj^ ijaza-t li- 

'r-riwab ; &**} ruhsa-t. 

Furnace, g. &f\ atun (pi. v&>V*yt 

atunat) ; ^ f urn (pi. ^V^ 

Furnish, v. (supply) fj^ & (*& 

qaddam la-hu al-lawazim, yu- 

qaddim; y&* jahhaz, yujahhiz; 

^5** hayya', yuhayyi'. — (fit up) 

i±J\ assas, yu*as§is; J^* faraS, 

Furniture, g. \J»^ fars ; *±>\*\ asas ; 

u&~*H «£>^^» manqulat al-bet 

Furrier, g. \£ farra\ 
Furrow, g. ^ talam (pi. ^ 

atlam) ; !■** hatf (pi- ^ hu^). 
Furrow, v. ^i* tallam, yutalliin; 

^ hattat, yuhattU- — (wrinkle) 

yj*f karrai, yukarriS. 
Further, adj. ±**\ ab*ad. 
Further, v. ^ raqqa, yuraqqi ; 

fAi qaddam, yuqaddim ; ^^c 

'awan, yu*awin. 
Furtherance, s. (*<** taqdim ; 

(jjy^ *aun ; Zif*» ma*una-t ; i*cU-« 

Furthermore, adv. *£&$ ^ S^Vjj 

ziyada-t *ala zalik ; *s\33 ^ gair 

Furthermost, adj. ±**\ ab 4 ad. 
Furthest, adj. ^\ aqdam. 
Furtive, adj. v3)r-^ masruq ; <J*» 

Fury, 8. see Furiousness. — (tno- 

Zenf woman) &j£ gula-t. 
Fuse, v. <&W~ sabak, yasbuk ; s-»^»> 

zawwab, yuzawwib. 
Fusee, 8. iy*6>* zahira-t (pi. ^WJ 

zahayir); ^e^' fatila-t (pi. JjUA 

Fusibility, s. d\-^~J\ insibak ; 

(;jWfr- say ah an ; (^^ ziibaii. 
Fusion, 8. csJLj— sabk; ^*U^ iza- 

Fuss, 8. ^>\^z\ id^irab. 
Fustian, 8. (cloth) WaS qotoniya-t ; 

fV*. ham. — (bombast) £*JW-*muba- 

laga-t; r KJ\ ^ Uy^ ifra* fi-'L 

Fustiness, g. i$te 'afan ; ^*y^c *uf ft- 

na-t ; *-Ajy«» ta?wif. 
Fusty, adj. iJ ** 'afani-y. 

Digitized by 





Futile, adj. J\L| baftal; J^W 

batil; «j** bafiq. 
Futility, b. qW* butlan ; SUa* ba- 

tala-t ; «j** hafaq. 
Future, adj. J*fc~* mustaqbil. 

Futueb, Futurity, *. JW**-^ istiq- 

Ft, excl. «« wah ! u\ uf ! J V 

tabban li; 6&\ yuu-A astagfir 



Gabble, v. M* batbat, yubatbit. 
Gable, s. ^^ ma^raf (pi. <j^U*« 

masarif) ; <;)jW jamlun. 
Gao, s. fU*> fimam ; d\*jb> £ihak ; 

j»W^ ^ibam. 
Gao, v. id+A sahak, yaihak ; Ji* 

gallal, yugallil ; ^ sabaiu, yas- 

Gage, a. ^ rahn (pi. ^y&j rubftn). 
Gaifty, s. &**? bahja-t ; U~-i\ i m . 

bisa* ; <-A** kaif ; ^ ;r - surur ; tj* 

Gain, 8. s-*~ * kasb ; < E ,»~. < « maksi- 

ba-t (pi. »r— ^» makasib) ; ^j 

ribh (pi. cW^ arbah) ; SojU f&yi- 

da-t (pL a*tj* f away id). 
Gain, v. * . ■■. * kasab, yaksib ; 

» i « """ , sfl iktasab, yaktasib ; ^ 

rabih, yarbab. — (obtain) J^J nal, 

yanaL — (^ain on) «j*~ sabaq, 

yasbiq, yasbuq. 
Gainful, adj. &b nafi* ; .M* mu- 


Gainsay, v. cJMW Mlaf, yuhalif ; 
^Ai^ naqacj, yunaqi^. 

Gait, b. 5jA* maswa-t ; &#**• mai- 

Gale, «. j^ja ^ rih sadid ; &*^ 
'asifa-t (pi. Juy awasif). 

Gall, b. ly mirra-t, murra-t (pi. 
if mirar) ; \£~ safra'. — (gall- 
nut) £*Ae 'afsa-t (pi. uoAc *afs). 

Gall, v. (break the skin) $*\ adbar, 
yudbir ; j«e 'aqar, ya'qir ; 'aqqar, 
yu'aqqir. — (vex) ^-W Daka, 
yanki ; *r~&t\ ag<Jab, yugdib. 

Gajllant, adj. (brave) g*^* saji* ; 
u*\* jS zA bas; Jk ba^al ; JW; 

raj jal.— (showy) Utf£* mukallaf ; 

v-Aj^t zarif . 
Gallant, *. (dandy) jJoi gandar ; 

J!***** gundur. — ( paramour) ij±\* 

Gallantry, g. (bravery) & r\ ¥ 4 

sVja'a-t; fl^ butula-t. — (polite 

attention to women) Jita dalal; 

&)U* mugazala-t. 
Gallery, s. <j&+* mamsa (pi. 

^aU* mamasi) ; j^ riwaq, ru- 

waq (pi. ta^ arwiqa-t). 
Galley, s. s^/ gurab (pi. a>^\ 

Galloon, s. Wj* sarit ; ZJ*m\ an- 

Gallop, s. a^) raqd ; ^ ramji. 
Gallop, v. (jA*j raqad, yarqu^ ; c"j 

ramah, yarinah ; J** hayyal, yu- 

Gallows, a. & u&- ma^naqa-t (pi. 

,3>U^ masaniq) ; s -*^ &**3 la'bat 

Gamble, v. jUA\ w^ la'ab al-qimar, 

yal*ib ; j-tt qaraar, yuqamir ; j*B 

taqammar, yataqammar. 
Gambler, s. s^** la"ab; s-^ 

la"ib ; y\&+ muqamir ; j^-j yas^r. 
Gambling, *. jUi qimar ; iy\&* mu- 

Gambol, t;. y» qafaz, yaqfiz; W 

naU, yanuft. 
Gambol, s. S)A* qafza-t ; iy*3 qam- 

za-t ; &> natta-t. 
Game, «. (pfoty) s-*l la'ab, lu'b.— 

(animals hunted) J^ said; ^/^S 

qanas ; W* qanisa-t (pi. ya^ 


Digitized by 





Game-bag, $. pfe** himyan (pi. 

(^dtUA haniayin). 
Gamut, 8. &C.j*J\ SjjU dayirat al- 
io usiqa-t. 
Gander, *. f$ jj wazz zakir. 
Gang, *. &W jama'a-t ; S^j zum- 

ra-t (pl./^j zumar) ; i*;~ surba-t 

(pi. s^r* 8Ur M>, v»V*^ asrab); 

top- jauqa-t. 
Gantlet, b. j*jw. (^» utf kaff min 

tadid (pi. «^ytf kufuf). 
Gaol, *. y^^ habs (pi. u*f*»* 

tubus); (j+m sijn (pi. (jj^- 

Gaoler, *. ^-W habbas ; gW- 

Gap, *. jp harq ; <ja gaqq, h*> 

aaqqa-t (pi. jy* suquq). 
Gape, v. (yawn) s^*» tasawab, ya- 

tasawab. — (open) n. ^ tafallaq, 

yatafaliaq; ,j**> taiaqqaq, ya- 

Garb, 8. <j~*J libs (pi. ^-^J lubus) ; 

f*~* kasm; ^j zi-y (pi. Vy\ 

Garbage, *. (fcotoek) (£y* nius- 

ran ; <#;U* masarin. — (offal) 

iAAc «ai$a-t ; Wu saqa* (pi. Ua-t 

Garble, v. (sieve) J^± garbal, yu- 

garbil. — (picA; out for a purpose) 

s-aUrt intahab, yantahib. 
Garden, e. &a*^ janina-t (pi. ^W 

janayin); o^JL* bustan (pi. 

i$£\~* basatin) ; fep rau^a-t, 

ruda-t (pi. ^iij riyad) ; lii** 

fcadiqa-t (pi. j|W fcadayiq). — 

(kitchen -garden) $;/£» ljakura-t 

(pl.j**V> fcawakir). 
Gardener, «. JtL* bustani-y ; 

o» u «* bustanji (Turk.) ; ^L* 

janavini-y; *>U warrad ; J^ 

hauliy (pi. J^s* hawal). 
Gardening, *. ^L^tt 2**l. hidmat 

Gargle, Gargarism, «. ipp gar- 

gara-t ; pps tagargur. 
Gargle, v. pp gargar, yugargir. 
Garland, «. p) JJtf iklil zahr (pi. 

J*W akalil): VP 

Garlic, *. rf gum ; f/ turn. 

Garment, *. v»y saub, gob (pi. 

sA; siyab) ; &* hulla-t (pi. jl^ 

hulal, JJU hilal) ; Sj-* kiswa-t 
Garner, *. j\**\ ambar (pi. j&\}\ 

auabir) ; yy** mahzan (pi. <^jU^ 

mahazin) ; up sauna- 1, suna-t 

(pi. <v V* iawani) ; ^p hury (pi. 

\p\ ahra'). 
Garnet, 8. Jfe** 'aqiq (pi. «j*Ub 

'aqayiq) ; ^V* ;*»» ha jar saya- 

Garnish, v. yi) zayyan, yuzayyin ; 

<Jp) zahraf, yuzahrif ; «-A»? tah- 

haf , yutahhif. 
Garnishment, 8. ky zina-t ; &i^j 

Garret, *. S^«w hujra-t (pi. j^b*. 

hujar) ; S^%^ hujaira-t). 
Garrison, «. (fortified place) Wi 

qaTa-t(pl. £^i qila 4 ).— (6ody o/ 

troops in it) ^jJaiWJi al-muhafi- 

zin ; A«lfiJ\ Ja\ ahl al-qaJ'a-t. 
Garrison, v. ^ f^~* &> wada* 

'asakir fi, ya4a*. 
Garrulity, *. Jy^ fudul; jUi 

fuSar; IM galaba-t; (2SS\ lp£ 

kasrat al-kalam. 
Garrulous, arf/. ^«2^ mibzar; 

Jp* f u^uli-y ; jUi f ai^ar ; J\jl 

Garter, *. jUJ^ LVj^ ribat as-saq 

(pi. Wj rubut). 
Gas, *. tjy ruh ; jVi gaz. 
Gash, 8. &*-\y> jiraha-t (pi. e^j* 

jirah) ; c^ jarh (pi. ttf* juriUji, 

oW^ juruhat). 
Gash, v. ty* jarah, yajrah. 
Gasp, «. ^-Ai? tanaffus. 
Gasp, v. ^-AaJ tanaffas, vatanaffaa. 
Gate, *. v»^» bab (pi. v»V^ abwab, 

(^W biban) ; &i\f bawwaba-t. 
Gateway, *. yj** dihliz (pl.jJV^o 

Gather, v. q++ jama', yajma*. — 

(fruit) ^5** jana, yajni; «-ftkJ 

qa^af, yaqtif. — (infer) ^r m - , m r ^\ 

istantij, yastantij. — (suppurate) 

J^J^^ indamal, yandamiL 
Gaudiness, s. <-*py tazahruf. 
Gaudy, adj. <-*py muzahraf. 
Gauge, s. ^C* qiyas (pi. i-^ 

Digitized by 





aqyasa-t) ; u*W** miqyas ; fl^ 

kaila-t ; jW* 'iyar. 
Gauge, v. ^Vi qas, yaqis; j^ 

'ajar, yu'ayir. 
Gaunt, adj. <)%*• mahzul (pi. J>jW* 

mahiuil) ; Jjyfc hazil. 
Gauntinbss, s. J\)A nazal. 
Gauze, s. ^aa£ kaif ; *sW>* baran- 

jik (<J*y burunjiq, Turk). 
Gay, od/. (merry) fij~* masrur ; 

±y—~» mabsu^; 0^7* farhan. — 

(showy) <-*i^ zarif; *-i/^« mu- 

Gaze, v. J**^ ta'ainmal, yata'am- 

mal ; g*U» t&a-S yutali' ; Uj rana, 

Gaze, s. J*A\ &+\<A idamat an- 

nazar; g&>\ ittila'. 
Gazette, s. hp± &« waraqa-t ha- 

bariya-t; &~*)> j(**\ ah bar yo- 

miya-t ; ^sjj^ gazeta. 
Gazette, v. j#±\ ahbar, yuhbir. 
Gazetteer, *. j*a»-* muhabbir. 
Gear, s. {j*iy tazyin. 
Geld, ^j-^ has 1, yahsi ; yj»J* taw- 
was, yu$awwis\ 
Gelding, *. \j»f— q\*** hisan mu- 

tawwas ; ^-ojfc* ^Ua- hisan mah- 

"|i-J ; lt*^ kadis (pi. j5»J^ kud~s\ 

Gem, s. y*j* jauhar (pi. j*\fh jawa- 

hir) ; &~4J ft^^o. hajara-t samina-t 

(pi. } ^\ ahjar). 
Gemini, s. (constellation) \)j%H g^ 

burj al-jauza*. 
Gender, *. <j~^ jins (pi. ^W^ 

ajnas, u*j**- junus). 
Genealogical, adj. ^-—i nasabi-y. 
Genealogist, *. s-»^ nassab ; 

A>U-j nassaba-t ; &»)U> ti'lama-t. 
Genealogy, s. n-*~<* nasab; J~i 

General, ad/, (public) fU 'amm; 

^fy** 'amumi-y ; ,»*+£ 'amim. — 

(tm>* special) «JU»* mu$laq ; J*^ 

mujmal. — (usual) ^SLjls\ i'tiya- 
di-y ; o\j»* mu'tad. 
General, *. ^C-c ^* sari 'askar ; 
j £ »»e ^U sari *askar ; j£~*5\ y*^ 
ras al-'aakar; J*VS qayid; J\y^ 

Generalisation, s. jj*U iflaq. 
Generalise, v. p* 'amm, ya'umm ; 

/*** 'ammam, yu'ammim ; <jlM 

a$laq, yujliq. 
Generalissimo, *. ^ye^iXj&A amir 

al-juyui; \j-!R ^\ amir al- 

Generality, *. fj-** 'umura; 

£**j*fc 'umumiya-t; &»U <am- 

ma-t ; ^» t ur r- 
Generally, adv. "Wite galiban. 
Generalship, s. &e*)+)\ ^\ al- 

fann al-harbiya-t. 
Generate, v. ^ 5 walad, yalid. 
Generation, s. J^Jy taulid; foUj 

walada-t; J-»U* tanasul. — (jpro- 

^e^y) ^3 zurriya-t. — (age) •** 

'asr ; ^»> dahr ; t)Uj zaman ; J«* 

jil (pi. JW^ ajyal). 
Generative, adj. Ay muwallid. 
Generic, Generical, adj. {mS ^J^ 

Generosity, *. V^- saha* ; SjV^- 

sahawa-t; »>^> jiid ; S*>^> jAda-t; 

tf karam; lAf karama-t; ly* 

Generous, adj. ^at- sahi-y (pi. 

Wab-t ashiya') ; ^ karim (pi. 

r y kiram) ; S\^. jawad (pi. S\p\ 

ajwad, *>)W\ ajawid, &c). 
Genial, adj. (cheering) tj*- muf- 

rih, raufarrih. — (natural) e*>U 

sadij ; W-4 basi{. 
Genitive, *. (state of construction) 

&U\ idafa-t. — (noun in the gene- 

tive case) &^\ «-*U* mudaf ilaihi. 

— (noun governing the genitive) 

«~*U* mudaf. 
Genius, s. (superior faculties) &*^ 

qariha-t (pi. ^\jB qarayilj).— 

(man of superior faculties) ^i ^ 

zu qari^a-t. — (a spirit) (^ jinn 

(pi. k* jinna-t) ; ^ jinni-y. 
Genteel, adj. s-*>*^ adib ; s-^-^* 

v>^ sahib adab; Ul£A latif; 

c-A>^ zarif ; l^y ^ zu muruwa-t ; 

<^± ^alabi-y ; [j~*$ kuwayyis. 
Gentile, s. ($$\ J^U 'abid al- 


Gentility, s. lyf muruwa-t ; ^S\ 

Digitized by 





adab ; &UJ lafafa-t ; b\£ Z ara- 

Gentle, adj. (mild) (*J*» halim; 

g»^ wadi* ; <-As^ latif. — (tame) 

v~e*\ anis ; o~*- salis. 
Gentleman, a. fv 3 ^ mahdum ; 

Ju- say y id (pi. *>W~^ asyad). — (i/ 

a scholar) {&** mu'allim. — (if a 

tradesman) W^-bawaja-t, haja-t, 


GeNTLEMANLINESS, *. S^ adab ; 

lyf rauruwa-t ; &-1* 6albana-t. 
Gentlemanly, adj. ^A adami-y 

(pi. f^^ awadim) ; q*+a+ muta- 

Gentleness, e. fo\j) wada'a-t ; 

(J** bilm. 
Gentlewoman, a. <$yU. batun (pi. 

y&\y± bawatin) ; >j^a- sitta-t. 
Gentet, *. \*j&S\ ai-6urafa\ 
Genuine, adj. jd^ halis (pi. (jal*. 

bulla?) ; £W sahih (pi. c^*- 

sihab, c^W* sahayih, Ub*\ asih- 

Genuineness, 8. v/*^ hulus ; *a-«> 

Genus, 8. v-** jins (pi. <j*W^ 

ajnas, u*r^ junus). 
Geographer, 8. <j*;^ f\~») rassam 

al-anji ; *>M UU ha^at al-bilad ; 

«^*\jA> jagraf. 
Geographical, adj. o*V* jagra- 

Geooeaphy, *. u*^ (*~j fJ* 'ilm 

rasm al-ard ; £>N;*> jagrafiya-t. 
Geologist, 8. <j*jfi\ s-*«^* (J\* 'alim 

bi-tarkib al-ar<jL 
Geology, 8. ij*jb\ s-^> ^ 'ilm 

tarkib al-ard. 

Geomanceb, 8. JUj rammal. 




IB, 8. J^> ] 

s^ 4 ar b ar- 

Geomantic, adj. ^^ ramli-y. 
Geometeb, Geometrician, *. 
(j-^6^ mubandis; c^* massah. 


^5-j^a handasi-y. 
Geometry, 8. &-jo$H ^ic <ilm al- 

Germ, s. &** nabt; £**A* naalya-t 

(pL u^V nawiUi). 

Germinal, oJ/. ^M nabati-y. 
Germinate, v. ***** nabat, yambut ; 

fc^e* 'ayyan, yu'ayyin ; £/ farra', 

Germination, 8. «>W* nabat ; »£>j** 

Gestation, *. J**> habal; J^ 

Gesticulate, v. Uj wama', yama' ; 

^^ auma, yumi; yt± sabbar, 

yuSabbir ; ^a>\ a£ar, yuSir. 
Gesture, 8. &f» haraka-t ; tj\A>\ 

i^ara-t ; W^ ima* ; >«-** taibir. 
Get, v. JVi nal, yanal ; jW haz, ya- 

huz ; J^ J-a. basal 'ala, yabsal. 
Ghastliness, 8, Jy& baul (pi. J^y^ 

abwal, J$y& huwul). 
Ghastly, adj. (deadly pah) J** 

*s**6*l\ misl al-mayyit; **^jN j**\ 

asfar al-wajh. — (terrible) J^» 

Ghost, «. «t^\ c^Jke 'ifrit al- 
mayyit ; JW^ hiyal (pi. aLa.^ 

abyila-t, «y3W^ hiyalat) ; UbVL 

^ayif (pi. U\ylm tawwaf) ; cJLi 

taif.— (the Holy Ghost) u -ofii\ tj» 

nih al-quds. 
Ghostliness, «. ^^; ruhaniya-t. 
Ghostly, ac?;. 0*^5; ruhani-y. 
Giant, *. y^ 'aun (pi. J\^\ a 4 wan) ; 

J^> baikal (pi. J*W* bayakil). 
Giantess, *. &)* 'auna-t. 
Gibbet, 8. fa' a * ma^naqa-t (pi. 

j^U^ ma^aniq). 
Gibbous, ad/. v>^ ahdab, f. V|jto. 

feadba (pi. v>»^ hudb). 
Gibe, v. v> ^^fe- sahir bi, yashar ; 

j -a fc -»* tama8bar, yatamasbar ; 

«£W&» tadabbak, yatadabbak (the 

latter two witb «J^ «ala). 
Gibe, *. \pzJ\ istibza' ; rf* buzu ; 

^fc- sabar ; &£*X±+ mudahaka-t. 
Giddiness, 8. &•;*> dauha-t, doha-t. 

— (levity) &A*L ^iyaia-t. 
Giddy, adj. £>^ &-\j ras-bu da- 

yib ; (j^tf \kjii. 
Gift, «. l^ 'atiya-t (pi. V^V^e 

'atAya') ; &*&) wahaba-t ; a ,.j* 

biba-t (pi. «yW^ hibat) ; Atoufc 

hadiya-t (pi. k\<** bad^ya') ; ^A»? 

tutfa-t (pi. «Jfc* tutaf).— (talent) 

Digitized by 



«,oJ qudra-t; ^U qabiliya-t; 
**>/ qariha-t. 
Gifted, adj. ^»U sa^ir ; y>U mahir. 
Gigantic, adj. ^y* 'auni-y ; Jty. 

Gioole, t>. ^W^^ istadhak, yas- 

Gioot, s. (**& ^ati fahz ganam. 
Gild, v. s-a^ JLk $al a bi-'z-zahab, 

yatli ; s-^*i zabhab, yuzahhib. 
Gilded, Gilt, adj. { J&» mu^alla. 
Gildeb, s. { JS— mu^alli ; U $alla' ; 

s-^J^ muzahhib. 
Gildino, s. ^ tali ; ^jll» talya-t. 
Gills, *. ««U„tt jyL** nahs&S as- 

Gilly-floweb, 8. jy±- mansur. 
Gimlet, 8. jf** niihraz (pi. j^Vae* 
mahariz) ; s-**** misqab (pi. 
s-«3 '^ masaqib). 
Ginoeb, 8. J««r) zinjibil; J**y* 

Gipsy, 8. <^^a* jingan; i$j+± ga- 
jari-y (pi. ^ gajar) ; «j;*j zan- 
kari-y (pi. &^>j zanakira-t) ; g*j 
zinj ; tj zuft. — (in Syria) <jrf 
nawari-y (pi. rf nawar) ; ^J^f 
qurbati-y (pi. «^W/ qurbat). 
Gibd, v. pf* hazzam, yuhazzim ; yj 
zannar, yuzannir; «*li qallad, 
Girdle, *. f\y± hizam (pi. »^>U\j*. 
hizamat, &Ly>\ ahzima-t, ^. 
huzm) ; jVij zunnar (pi. j&\i) za- 
nanir) ; j-+S kamar (pi. J<*£\ 
akmar) ; vjpj© gaulaq. 
Girl, «. «^ bint (pi. «^U* banat) ; 
***-• sabiya-t (pi. Vjl** sabaya) ; 
iijW jariya-t (pi. «j&V* jawari). 
Girlish, adj. sl^\ Jju migl al- 

Gibt, Gibth, 8. qV* bitan (pi. 
£*M abtina-t, ^ butun) ; ffy* 
hizam (pi. ^ huzm). 
Grrs, t7. Jtc «ata, yatf ; s-^j wa- 
hab, yahab; ^^ ahda, yuhdi; 
^4 -1^ c^»*\ athaf ahad-an bi- 
se-yin, yuthif; gi»> dafa 1 , y ad- 
fa 4 . 
Gizzard, *. &*^ hausala-t (pi. 
J-V* bawasil). 



Glacial, adj. gtf galij. 
Glad, Gladsome, adj. )*}**• mab- 
sut ; ^Wy farhan ; »***• masrur. 
Gladden, v. c/ farrah, yufarrih ; 

1*—* basat, yabsut. 
Glade, *. J* ^**2\ ^ ^U g*^ 
<>j». mauda* fadi min al-aijar ft 
Gladiatob, *. <j\*~. sayyaf. 
Gladness, Gladsomeness, *. t-4 

bast ; jfl- surur; t/ farah. 
Glance, *. ^ nazar (pi. ; Ukrt 
angar) ; 8^i nazara-t ; £^*1 1am- 
ha-t; ^W lahza-t. 
Glance, v. J\ ^ lamah ila, yal- 
ma^; ^j ramaq, yarmuq. — 
(shine) &b lama*, yalma*. 
Gland, «. Sj^J lauza-t, loza-t; l±k 

gudda-t (pi. *>»xfc gudad). 
Glass, s (substance) gWj zajaj ; 
jV qazaz. — (tumbler) *+W) zaja- 
ja-t; &iltS kubbaya-t; c^ qadt 
(pi. ct-tf aqdah); ^ kas (pi. 
8U^ kasat, ^-^ ku'us, ^-^^ 
akwus). — (looking - ^2ass) *&Ay 
mirat (pi. ^ mara, Vjy. maraya). 
Glassy, oif;. o^^j zajaji-y. 
Glaze, v. (vrindows) )y qazzaz, yu- 
qazziz. — (earthenware^ &c.) (j^oj 
ra§sas, yurassis. — (paper, &c.) 
Ja- saqqal, yusaqqil. 
Glazieb, 8. gWj zajjaj ; jt)l qaz- 

Gleam, «. JUa ^ u 'a' (pi. &tflb^ 

aii"a-t, e** ^a*uO ; W* 4ija. 
Gleam, v. £A*a ^a'ia', yuia'^i' ; 

£*5 lama', yalma*. 
Glean, v. U) laqqa^, yulaqqif; ; ^ 

u^aJ\ lamm al-qas^, yalumm. 
Gleaner, s. t^J laqqat ; ^r^^ fWi 

lammam al-qai^ ; ^»Uj qa&al 
Glebe, s. (clod) &j^ madara-t. 
Glee, s. (joy) tj* farafc ; L^ bast ; 
fc^ tazz. — (catch) Ufc gina' (pi. 
J^\ agani). 
Gleeful, Gleesome, adj. ;jJr -^ 

masrur ; ^^ farhan. 
Glen, *. 8ja ; wahda-t (pi. ^Va. 
wihad); s-*ei &<b (pi. v»Uai 
Glib, adj. (slippery) <jpy* muzliq. 


Digitized by 




— (voluble) gt-lN J*- gahil al- 

lisan ; j^ a^daq, f . VIja sadqa 

(pi. JJA sudq) ; s-ac *a<Jb. 
Glibness, s. (jjUJJ^ a^e- suhMa-t 

al-lisan ; **«*» ba'ba'a-t. 
Glide, v. S>y tazallaq, vatazallaq ; 

v3^y tazanlaq, yatazahlaq. 
Glimmer, v. £*1 lama*, yalma*. 
Glimmer, *. &*«J lam'a-t. 
Glimpse, *. gU*J lama'an; £*J 

Glisten, 0. g*J lama', yalma' ; j^ 

baraq, yabruq. 
Glitter, v. £±*m> sa'sa', yusa's*i'. 
Glitter, *. gWi lama'an; j^ 

barq ; W-* 4iy&'« 
Gloat, v.^ gammaz, yugammiz. 
Globe, *. S/ kurra-t; fl^killa-t. — 

(the earth) v/;^ 8/ kurrat al- 

ar<J ; W*»> dunya. 
Globular, adj. ssf kuri-y; e&* 

Globule, s. h** fcabba-t. 
Gloom, s. (darkness) &♦& zulma-t. 

— (sullenness) ^— ^ gamm ; )<& 

Gloom, v. (be sullen) j<& takaddar, 

yatakaddar. — (grow dark) (*s* 

J atam, ya'tim; ^ * M a'tam, 

Gloomy, ad;. ^* muzlim ; jj£s* 

mutakaddir ; ;i/^ qamtarir. 
Glorification, s. ^W- subhan; 

ee*~~? tasbih. 
Glorify, v. J^#majjad,yumajjidJ; 

C-— sabbah, yusabbilj. 
Glorious, ad;. Jel* ialil (pi. 2M 

ajilla', &► jilla-t, *M ajilla-t) ; 

p&> Sahir ; tj»w* mamdiih. 
Glory, *. •*%* majd; A**, ljamd; 

jafei fahr ; 8y* 'izza-t. 
Glory, v. (exult in) «■*» /** fahar 

bi, yafhar ; ^A? tafahhar, yata- 

fahhar ; f&\ iftahar, yaftahir. 
Gloss, *. (glossiness) ^ jila' ; 8^1* 

jalwa-t. — (comment) tr* sarh; 

je~ A? tafsir. 
Gloss, v. (give lustre) Ja* eaqqal, 

yusaqqil. — (comment upon) c^ 

saiufc, yasrafc ; /-* fasar, yaf sir, 

yafaur; f aasar, yuf assir. 

Glossary, s. **>UJ ^,1** kitab lugat 

(pi. s-** kutub) ; (;)W/ tarju- 

Glossy, adj. i^+* mujalla Jj*-"* 

Glove, *. Utfkaff (pi. •Jytf'kufuf). 
Glover, a. <Jy*-Z £W* bayya* 

Glow, *. ^ fcarr ; tyf* harara-t ; 

£«*•. ham mi y a- 1. 
Glow, v. <j*o- hami, yahma. 
Glowing, adj. <j**- hamiy, biman ; 

^U. ljami ; i****" mubma. 
Glow-worm, «. s-«^W» j^ abfi haba- 

Glue, «. y gira\ 
Glue, «. <j/£ garra, yugarri ; <>J 

tykft* lassaq bi-'l-gira', yulassiq. 
Gluey, Glutinous, adj. &} lazij ; 

jj»»> dubAq. 
Glum, cwi;. o^U. fciinn4; ^^. 

hasir ; o^J za'lan. 
Glut, v. &*5 tasabba', yata^abba' ; 

f&*\ ibtala', yabtali'; ***\ ilta- 

qam, yaltaqim ; fi/» ^arib, yasrab. 
Glut, #. gee-^ tasbi'; {«i» sab', 

Glutton, *. Gluttonous, adj. gi» 

bula' ; JV^ akkal ; ay* sarib ; o^ 

sarbin ; <j&*>U malji^. 
Gluttony, #. g<-*i tasabbu* ; ^\^» 

s^traha-t; *j* sarab. 
Gnarl, «. ^* bambam, ynbam- 

him ; y^ barbar, yubarbir. 
Gnash, v. ^U-3^ ^o earr al-asnan, 

yaaurr; ty qarqat, yuqarqH ; 

pj$\ j^ taraq al-urram, yahriq. 
Gnashing of teeth, s. ]Lf> sarir ; 

fi^i qarqata-t. 
Gnat, s. L.y\i namftsa-t; ^y«t 

ba'foja-t ; i-ti^i bargasa-t. 
Gnaw, v. ^ qaracji, yaqrid ; o*V 

qarqa4, yuqarqicj; ltV <iar<ia4 

Go, v. (walk) u&* maia, yam^i. — 

(go away) c\) rat» yariih ; s-^^S 

zabab, yazhab. 
Go-between, s. l»-y^ mutawassit ; 

fia-^ wasita-t. 
Goad, s. y**+ minbaz ; jW* mih- 


Digitized by 





Goad, v. $* nahaz, yanhaz ; {J-& 

nahas, yanhas, yanhus. 
Goal, s. ^tu nisan (pi. 0**W* na- 

yaiin) ; a*s* maqsad, maqsid 

(pi. juU* maqasid). 
Goat, s. y** ma'z ; Sy** ma'za-t (pi. 

U»* mi'za') ; y& 'anz ; S^c 'anza-t 

(pi. *a>\ -at, jUc 'inaz). — (he- 
goat) jcU ma'iz (pi. f\y ma- 

wa'iz) ; ^-o? tais (pi. u-ja* tuyus). 
Gobble, v. s-** 'abb, ya'ubb ; £j* 

jara', yajra* ; ^ lafaJj, yalfah. 
Goblet,' #. c** 5 qadat (pi. C^ 

Goblin, s. Jla* hayal (pi. &*M 

ahyila-t) ; &* jinn (pi. &* jin- 

na-t) ; i _ 5 *> jinni-y. 
God, 8. AlH allah. — (tjrocl tn greneraJ) 

*3\ , ait ilah (pi. *eN aliha-t).— 

{goddess) ty ilaha-t. 
Godchild, s. Qy<& filliyun, f. bye?* 

Godfather, s. &$** gabin; &*t*>\ 

tebin (pL &6*\*\ aaabin). 
Godhead, *. &*f\ uliiha-t; l**f\ 

Godless, adj. ^ kafir (pi. Sytf 

kafara-t, j& kuffar). 

GODLESSNESS, 8. j& kuf T ; <j>V^ 

Godlike, od;. &!N J** migl ilah. 
Godliness, *. <^/» taqwa; 8$to 

taqawa-t ; S*>W* 'ibada-t. 
Godly, ad;, ^a? taqi (pi. W*rt at- 

qiya') ; .x*jtt* muta'abbid. 
Godmother, #. &*-a sabina-t. 
Gold, *. s-*»* zahab ; %p> tibra-t. 
Golden, adj. s~a<* {&• min zahab ; 

^5**^ zahabi-y. 
Goldsmith, 8. &S+ sayig (pi. £\*-> 

•uyyag) ; #*- sayyag. 
Gold-thread, *. Ji? tail. 
Gondola, #. j^j zauraq (pi. jfy 

Gonorrhoea, 8. (jr-^ <$V* sayalan 

firanji-y ; &&\ zanqa-t. 
Good, adj. s-*a* tayyib (pi. ^ -In, 

h*V-M atyab) ; p^ hair (pi. j>^ 

hiyar, j^\ ahyar) ; .**► jayyid; 

iU salife ; g*** safcik (pi. cU* 

Good, 8. (goodness) J*>* jamil ; ^ 
hair; ($v-*^ i^san; ji* fadl. — 
(advantage) S^»U fayida-t (pi. 
•fcU* fa way id) ; £*&*• inanfa'a-t 
(pi. g-i\X« manafi'). — (goods) 
v»W-^ asbab; g>U> badaji* (pi. 
of XcUj ba<ja'a-t) ; fyW* tijara-t ; 
gU» mata' (pi. ***^ amti'a-t). 

Goodly, oo}'. (*fc 'azim; p^* 

Goodliness, s. &*%• malaha-t; 
(jj— ► husn (pi. th- W« ma^asin). 

Goose, *. )y wazz ; 83^ wazza-t. 

Gore, *. (clotted blood) u*^* f J 
dam muqarras. — (pafcA; &*** 
baniqa-t (pi. v>jW banayiq). 

Gore, v. ^i nata^, yantah. 

Gorge, *. (throat) ^J^ k&lq; f»y^ 
bulquni. — (mountain pass) Ok- 4 * 
madiq (pi. v>5^* ina4ayiq) ; s-***» 
si'b (pi. v>^» &'ab). 

Gorge, v. (swallow greedily) {te)\ 
ibtala', yabtali*. 

Gorgeous, adj. gl&H ^JtD. 'azim 

Gorgeousness, *. W^c 'agama-t ; 
JL*\ke uzzama-t. 

Gormand, Gourmand, Gorman- 
dise r, 8. (jh ba( in (pi. a^ 
bitan) ; ^^ batnaai-y. 

Gormandise, v. ^ ba^an, yabtun. 

Gory, adj. f*t *a»^U mulawwai bi- 
dam ; f»»> ^Vi^ garqan dam. 

Gosling, *. ij«A» fy wazza-t sagl- 

Gospel, *. J*r^ injil (pi. J*>^\ 
anajil); ji\&* $j\ arba* baiayir; 
iSyt* buira (pi. ^\^ bu^rawat). 
— (the Christian faith) £t~~d \ ^»> 

din al-masib ; o^» *^ eH^ a< i- 

din al-masihi-y. 
Gossamer, s. J»*jA\ v>^ li'ab ai- 

sams; ^^W^^ i»U^ muhaf ai- 

foitan; J^-* nusal; f}\y* jawa- 

Gossip, «. W*5^ ^j^ ka§ir al-gala- 

ba-t ; vJ^a* f u^uli-y. 
Gossip, v. &*i*H /^ kaggar al-gala- 

ba-t, yukagsir. 
Gouge, v. ^*»N (& qala* al-'ain, 


Digitized by 

Google ^ 


Gourd, s. £? qar'; l*ji qar*a-t; 

C^2 yaqtin ; Z±M vaqtina-t. 
Gout, *. d£A\ U da? al-muluk ; 

d^4$\ frp waja' al-muluk. 
Gouty, adj. <Af*A\ U a* bihi da* al- 
muluk; Gy& mafluj (pi. qJ\** 
Govern, v. J* ^ hakam 'ala, 
yahkum; J^ U~J tasalla* 'ala, 
yataaaUat ; f* dabbar, yudabbir ; 
v^-U sas, yasus. — (in grammar) 
o* J** *airiil fi, ya'mal. 

Governable, adj. q^ mutf'. 

Governess, 8. 2+i** mu'allima-t. 

Government, *. (rule) ^ hukm ; 
^•^ hukiima-t; ^ tadbir. — 
(JWy of rulers) p\£+}\ al-huk- 

Governor, «. ^^U hakim (pi. f\**» 
hukkam); J\, wall (pi. ^ 

Governorship, «. £^ wilaya-t. 

Gown, s. (a woman's) vy saub (pi. 
s-»W> §iyab) ; 8,1** habara-t ; &U** 
mantana-t. — (a man's) u^— *? 
baniiS (Turk.) ; £**V*y fauqani- 
ya-t ; ^y f aragiya-t. 

Grace, *. (favour) C*s ni'ma-t (pi. 
*** ni'am); ^Uc 'inaya-t ; r / 
karain. — ( pardon) y* 'af u ; c^- 
samah. — (loveliness) «J^ zarf ; 
*M> zarafa-t ; J W jamal ; &UJ 
la^afa-t ; *-*)iu» malaha-t. — 
(prayer) Uj du'a' (pi. Z**S\ ad'i- 
ya-t).— (fttfe) S^ hagVa-t. 

Grace, v. (adorn) (;)—*■ hassan, yu- 
bassin ; ^j zayyan, yuzayyin. — 
(honour) tf\ akram, yukrim; 
<Jj* £arraf, yu^arrif. 

Graceful, adj. u^t zarif ; Ui^ 
latif; J*** jamil; *# bahij. 

Gracefulness, s. o£j lujf; &**w 
bahja-t ; b\£ zarafa-t. 

Graceless, adj. (coarse) M* galig. 
— (depraved) Ju.U fasid. 

Gracelessness, 8. &U gilaza-t; 
*>Uj fasad. 

Gracious, adj. (speaking of God) 
t)W ; ragman ; (**») rahim. — (of 
man) **/ karim; u&%» mula- 



Graciousness, a. lAf karama-t; 

***i^ kariiniya-t. 
Gradation, a. gjjjtf tadrij. 
Grade, s. &*^ daraja-t (pi. $>»> 

daraj) ; &4>y martaba-t (pi. s-^V* 

Gradual, adj. o^4)^ tadriji-y. 
Gradually, adv. g£)«*2» bi- tadrij. 
Graduate, v. (divide into degrees) 

gyAj j*~ 5 qassam bi-daraj, yu- 

qassim ; ty darraj, yudarrij ; n. 

(take a degree) tj^ tadarraj, ya- 

Graduation, *. g^ &*~J qismat 

< * ara J > C?^ tadrij. 
Graft, s. y>k gusn ; 5j*oL gusua-t 

(pi. li*t gisana-t, yyo± gu?un, 

Q\*t\ agsan). 
Graft, v. ^ $a"am, yata"im. 
Grafting, s. ^a? ta^im. 
Grain, s. (granule) s-^- habb ; &**- 

habba-t (pi. s^**. hubiib). — 

(corn in gem ml) £+* qamh; 

•**W^- hububat. — (smallest 

weight) l<t*» habba-t ; &*-** qam- 

ha-t. — (disposition) g*l» t aD< (pi- 

eWt tiba'). 
Graminivorous, adj. J±6&b. JZ\ 

akil hasis. 
Grammar, s. y^^) uyJ^ ^lc *ilm 

afi-^arf wa 'n-nahu. — (book) ^»^ 

y^A\ ) i*jj*l\ ^Jc kitab *ilm a$-sarf 

wa'n-nahu (pi. s-^ kutub). 
Grammarian, s. f*y <J^c ^» mu- 

'allim sarf wa na^ii; <j»A* na^i 

(pi. oW nuljiat) ; isf* nahwi-y 

(pi. yjlf* nahwiyun). 
Grammatical, adj. <^f* nahwi-y. 
Grammatically, adv. ±*\£ ^Jb 

^3^ y cJv-N 'ala qaw&*id a?-sa,rf 

Granary, s. )\^\ ambar (pi. j&\i\ 

anabir) ; &yb> suna-t. 
Grand, adj. f+J** 'agim (pi. ^Vke 

^igam, Ubc 'ujama') ; ^ kabir 

(pi. JLf kibar, \jf kubara', \ JT *sL* 

makbura'); jX jalil (pL V^ 

ajilla', JM ajilla-t). 
Grand-child, s. <A£\ jJ^ waiad 

al-walad ; JiW fcafid. 

Digitized by 





Grand-daughter, 8. <£f\ <*u* bint 

Grandee, s. Unj* garif (pi. \i/* 
surafa, u\jb>\ airaf) ; ^ kabir 
(pi. jffl\ al-akabir) ; 5a*c 'um- 
da-t. — (grandees) <$^) v>^ 
dl^oN ( V^c\ arbab (arkan, a'yan) 
Grandeur, *. Wbc 'azama-t ; JIM 

Grandfather, 8. ±* jadd (pi. S\*+\ 

Grandiloquence, *. ^^4 fihbira ; 

^* pK kalam dahm. 
Grandiloquent, ad;, jj£i fahur ; 

^afei fabir, fibhir. 
Grandmother, s. i**- jadda-t. 
Grandness, 8. p& kubr ; fit 'ugm. 
Grand-son, *. see Grand-child. 
Granite, 8. <$\t-» j*** hajar sawan. 
Granivorous, adj. s-^ JH akil 

habb ; &* JH akil galla-t. 
Grant, v. (bestow) J* f**i\ an'am 
'ala, yun'im; Jae\ a'ta, yu'tf ; 
JW anal, yunil. — (accord) *r>W 
ajab, yujib. — (admit) J-i qabil, 
yaqbal; v> cA "$ bi, yarda; 
jJL- sallam, yusallim. 
Grant, #. fUM in'am ; &♦** ni'ma-t 

(pi. (*** ni'am). 
Grantee, 8. a*M q** ^ + muhsan 

Granular, adj. &*•- J** misl bab- 

Granulate, v. s-***- habbab, yu- 

Granulation, *. s-**** tahabbub. 
Grape, *. (berry) s-*** 'inab (pi. 
^>\j^\ a'nab). — (cluster) *>yuc *an- 
qfid', 'unqud (pi. j^Uc 'anaqid). 
Graphic, adj. uu!^ wasif. 
Grapple, v. (seize) y±<* qaba<J, 
yaqbid ; .** l w masak, yamsuk. — 
(contend) £jU gara', yusari*. 
Grasp, 8. i-M qabda-t ; **L-* mask. 
Grasp, v. (seize) <j**s qabad, yaq- 
bid ; «*l— • masak, yamsuk. — (lay 
hold of greedily) jt&. haz, yahuz ; 
jL^ i^taz, yafctaz. 
Grasping, ad;, (covefotw) £U*1 

Grass, s. Jk» # & * ha^is; &a^&^ 
fcaiisa-t (pi. (jtoUua. bagayte); 
s~A* *i£b, *u£b (pi. sA**1 a'sab). 

Grass-hopper, «. *>^ jarad; M^ 

Grass-plot, a. ^as. hudra-t. 

Grate, *. (grating) &£** sabaka-t 
(pi. csJ^a &bak) ; &W* Subbaka-t 
(pi. *sX*iWa sababik). — (fire- 
grate) <&y mauqad (pi. *3\y 

Grate, v. **W hakk, yabukk; Lis 
qaisat, yuqas&t. 

Grateful, adj. (thankful) /\± 
sakir ; j^ 6akur ; {$f+* mam- 
nun. — (agreeable) Jjj£» maqbul ; 
s-*;^ magrub. 

Gratefulness, Gratitude, s. 
q\j£* ^ukran ; &**+* mamnuni- 
ya-t ; Je**N ^u^ <irfan al- 

Grater, 8. !*&&• miq^at; &&&• 

Gratification, *. LL-^^ imbisat; 
C^^ in^irah; 1^ hazz; *££** 
mahzuziya-t. — (reward) \y* jiza' ; 
ty+\ ijara-t; ^fys 'iwacji (pi. 
u*V* a*wa4). 

Gratify, v. (delight) L^ basat, 
yabsu^ ; ^ lazzaz, yulazziz ; ^«« 
sarr, yasurr. — (satisfy) ' \ji>j\ 
ar^a, yurcjii. 

Grating, ad;, (harsh) gi^» mu- 
qarqi*. — (disagreeable) &)/* mak- 
ruh ; Jj*a* ^ gair maqbul. 

Grating, s. &** sabaka-t; ^«ik 

Gratis, adv. yj»h bilai (for ^ ^ 
bila 4e-yin) ; *U^ majjanan. 

Gratitude, «. see Gratefulness. 

Gratuitous, adj. (free) <j>f. h bi- 
la 4 iwad ; ^W\ h bila ijara-t.— 
(without proof) JJ^ h bi-14 
dalU ; JU| batil. 

Gratuity, «. ^fc*!» tuhfa-t (pi. Ubtf 
tuhaf); u * . a trfn ' bah^ii (pi. 
u*^^=: babasis, Pers.). 

Grave, ad;, (person) jfy waqur; 
jVi. s-o.U saldb waqar (pi. v»^»^ 
asbab). — (matter) ,*£e 'agim ; 
pf munimm. 

Digitized by 





Ghun, s.p* qabr (pL ^ qubur) ; 

£*/ turta-t (pL vy turab) ; ^^ 

rams (pL <^rt ramus, ^^t 

Geate, r. Jt* naqai, yanqas. 
Gbateb, #. {engrattr) ^»* naqqas. 

— (engraving tool) ^>^tJ\ ,Ji 

qalam an-naqqas (pi. fSi\ aqlam, 

fM qilim) ; ,>UU* minqas (pL 

^yLgiU* manaqis). 
Gbatel, s. iy»- haswa-t (pL ^^ 

Gbatitatx, r. s*M iniazab, jan- 

jazib ; ,J\ & rakaz ila, yarkuz ; 

^ JU mil ua, yamiL 
Gbatitatios, 8. **>\br\ injizib; 

J** maiL 
Gbatity, *. {weight) Jrf siqal; 

XJW saqala-t. — (steadiness) jtfj 

waqar ; *»*> haiba-t. — [import- 
ance) fte 'uzm. 
Gbayy, s. ^Jy masluqa-t (pL 

«jj\— * maaaliq) ; ^ *ij* mara- 

qat latm. 
Gbay, Gbby, cwy. ^W*- sinjabi-y ; 

i5«>Uj ramadi-y. 
Gbay-eyed, a^". jj^ azraq, £. Vij 

zarqa' (pi. Jjj zurq). 
Gbay-haibed, ad;. «i-<U> sayib. 
Gbayhess, 8. {of the hair) 

Gbaze, v. {rub lightly in passing) 

Uut haff, yabiif ; y-« mass, ya- 

moss; — (/eed cm oross) n. ^ 

J^ - i + fl ra'a al-ljasis, yara* ; ^j\ 

irta'a, yarta'i; a. o-*^ ar'a, 

Gbazieb, s. «**\> ra'i. 
Gbazino, *. *e^; ri 4 aya-t. 
Gbease, s. <£**> duhn ; ,»~> dasam ; 

y>j zafar ; ^A satm. 
Gbease, v. &** dahan, yadbun; 

dahhan, yudabhin ; /j zaffar, yu- 

Gbbasiness, 8. &*y-J dusuma-t. 
Gbeasy, adj. {$*** mudhin ; i y*>* 

dubni-y ; ^-* > dasim ; ,^4^* 

Gbeat, adj. {bulky) y*£ kabir (pi. 

;W* kibar, kubar) ; Jj^ tawil 

(pi J*> tuwal) ; J*p> jaziL— 

{eminent) ^Jkc 'ajhn (pL <&* 
i^am, Ui* *nfama') ; J-W jalil 
(pi. V* ajilli\ fl* jilla-t, *M 
ajiila-t > : ^** ^ili. 
GBKA-nrsss, jl <fr«ZIr)j** kfbr, kubr, 
kibar; J^ ttl (pL Jt,Lt atwal). 
— (ew^jus**) JM ijlal; w^a 
1 saraf ; *•** <azama-t. 
\ Gbeed, Gemdhibss, a Xa^a sara- 
| ha-t ; ,/y* birs ; *cUt tama'a-t. 
I Geeedt, ad;, i^ sarib; o^V 
! sarbin; £UL tammi' ; ^— ^> 

Geekk, adj. ji*\ abdar, £. ^a 

badra' (pL^ budr). — (aanfp^)^ 

fajj; ^%c *ajir. — (inexperienced) 

f» j» . fr gasim (pi. U-a* gusama'). 
GEEEK-aou8E, *. 5\?Vjl# niasata-t- 
Geeenish, adj.j*+)\ <J\ Ji^* mayil 

ila '1-badar ; ^e» mubdarr. 
Gbeenness, a j*^ hadar; ^ia 

budra-t (pL ^a budar, bu^r). 
Greeks, *. «£>\^^a badrawat. 
Gbeet, v. <J^ ^ sallam 'ala, yu- 

sallim; J\ ijW birak ila, yu- 

Gbeetino, «. fl- salam; ^-^ 

taslim ; i-^ tabiya-t. 
Gbeoabiou8, od;. v»^ sarib. 
Gbekadk, 8. j*£ qumbar; iyt** 

Gbenadieb, s. j*& v>V 4arr*^ 

Gbidibon, *. £«-•* musabba* ; «>^ 

Gbief, 8. ^fc gamm (pi. fj** gu- 

mum) ; sj^ karb (pL *t*JT^ 

kurub); ,»a hamm (pi. (»^* 

Gbievance, s. s-«J ta'ab ; »y* <Jarar 

(pi. ^ a4r4r) ; ^ kadd ; *V^a 

Gbieve, v. a. (*t\ agamm, yugimm ; 

($y*\ abzan, yuhzin ; jUift ^S 

kasar al-ha^ir, yak sir ; n. ^^ 

in^amm, yangamm ; yy*» hazin, 

Gbievous, adj. s-«*s* mut'ib; Je* 

§aqil ; s-«-» sa'ib. 
Gbibvousnbss, s. Jtf giql; ^Ua 

Digitized by 





saqawa-t; f)\ alam; f}*\* ta'al- 

Gbim, adj. u*j** 'ab&s ; <jA^ wafr- 

Grimace, 8. 8^ kaSra-t. 
Grimness, s. &~y*x 'ubusa-t ; &<r* y * * 

Gein, v. y&& kas'ar, yaks'ir; j*\* 

kaiar, yukaiir. 
Grin, Grinning, s. ly*£ kasra-t; 

ZjbJ&+ muka£ara-t. 
Grind, v. {reduce to powder) &^* 

tab an, yathan ; ,j*>~ sahaq, yas- 

fcaq; \>f* jaras, yajris\ yajruS; 

y*^ haras, yahrus. — (sharpen) 

&~ sann, yasunn; *>J^ haddad, 

yuhaddid. — (oppress) ^ zalam, 

Grinder, s. <$U-. dannan. — (back- 
tooth) <j*j*> 4irs (pi. <j*\j*\ adras, 

u*^ durus). 
Grindstone, s. &~" j^** hajar 

misann; g*>W*~ sumbadaj. 
Grip, Geipe, *. *sU-* mask. 
Grip, Gripe, v. «sX~* raasak, yam- 

sik, yamsuk. — (gripe, pinch) ^ 

qaras, yaqrua. 
Gripes, *. ^h» mags ; u *** magis ; 

{J*J\ g>j waja* al-batn; %Af 

Grisliness, s. Jy& haul. 
Grisly, adj. Jje* mahul ; fy^* mu- 

Grist, *. £*i qamh. 
Gristle, *. v-^A* <l ur( l u ^; «-*#** 

gudr&f, gadruf (pi. vJ^ ; Ui gada- 

Grit, $. flU» nahala-t ; fy ridda-t ; 

j&a * hus'kur. — (gravel) <j*»- fcasa 

(pi. of S^oa. baswa-t). 
Gritty, adj. ^J^j ramli-y ; J*j* 

Groan, v. c^ nah, yanu^i; s-** 

nahab, yan^ab ; q\ ann, ya'inn ; 

5^*^* ta'awwah, yata'awwah. 
Groan, s. tty nuwah ; s-*^ na^ib ; 

5^*Vi tu'awwuh. 
Grocer, a. j&* 'attar; «y^ ^ 

bayya* baharat ; Jtf* baqqal. 
Groceries, s. u*\>W baharat. 
Grocery, $. {grocer's shop) ;VLe ^V& 

dukkan 'att&r, Ac. (pi. e^^ 

Groin, *. s-J^- halib (pi. s-Nj*- 

bawalib) ; £**^ arnaba-t ; &+>)\ 

Groom, s. ^r-4^- sayis (pi. <j*^*-» 

suyyas). — (of the bed-chamber) 

s-**^ fcajib (pi. &»»• hajaba-t, 

s^W*- hujjab). 
Groom, v. ^U sas, yasus. 
Groove, *. <Jfh jauf (pi. *J\y*\ 

ajwaf) ; &j zaya-t. 
Groove, v. *>Jy± jawwaf, yujaw- 

Grope, v. y** dass, yaduss ; <j*a—> 

dasdas, yudasdis. 
Gross, adj. (corpulent) ( *r~* jasim. 

— (coarse) M* galiz (pi. WU 

gilaz) ; q>Aa ha£in (pi. ^Uu. 

%iiku).— (indelicate) J*M fahii; 

^j zifir. 
Gross, *. &•); ruzma-t (pi. f»j; 

rizara, ruzam). 
Gro8SNes8, s. (corpulency) X^U-^. 

ja8ama-t. — (coarseness) H&t gi- 

laga-t; iiU-k hasana-t ; i-iW* 

sahana-t. — (indelicacy) <j**A4 ^ 

kalam fahis ; ^) pte kalam zifir. 
Grot, s. 8jU^ magara-t (pi. j>Va* 

magayir) ; vJ^ kahf (pi. U^ 

Grotesque, adj. **V^a* mudhik, 

mudhak ; if*~~» mashara-t. 
Ground, *. (earth, soil) ^\ ard ; 

&*/ turba-t. — (bottom) fS qa'r 

(pi. j^*i qu'ur) ; 0*-^ hadid (pi. 

J*** hudu4). — (cause) s-**— 

sabab (pi. v>W-^ asbab) ; J-\ 

asl (pi. Jj-t usul) ; ilc J illa-t (pi. 

Jlc 'ilal). 
Ground, t;. (lay on the ground) ^y% 

u*)^ J^ rama ila ^1-ard, yarmi. 

— (in a science) f^\ <j*u\ $jL 

tarah asas al-'ilm, yatrah. 
Groundless, adj. s-<— ^ bi-la 

sabab ; ii^c^ ^ bi-la ba*i§ ; JLVj 
. batil. 
Groundlessness, s. s>— » - ^ 

'adam sabab; ^^W «ab 'adam 

Groundwork, «. foets qa'ida-t (pi. 

Digitized by 





Justus qawa'id); ^-Ut asas (pi. 

U-Jl U8U8). 

Group, *. **W jama'a-t; *W 

jumla-t (pi. J** jumal) ; /& 

naf r ; W limma-t. 
Group, v. s^j rattab, yurattib ; ^ 

lamm, yalumui. 
Grove, s. \J»f* hirs* (pi. jM^J ah- 

ras) ; lj^~ h^ gaba-t sagira-t ; 

ky+* gajariya-t. 
Grovel, v. v»*> dabb, yadubb. — 

(be mean) ^*> dan a, yadnu. 
Grow, v.n. (increase) Ui nama, 

yanmu; ^ nama, yanmi ; Ui 

nasa, yansa ; «^ nabat, yambut. 

— (become) jU gar, yasir ; a. «**** 

nabbat, yunabbit. 
Growth, s. j*J numu-w ; Uusrt in- 

tisa* ; *k>>)\ izdiyad ; v^*«jJ tam- 

bit; JjMul. 
Grub, a. (worm) *y> dud; 8*>^ 



duda-t (pi. q\*iJ didan); Z~ : 
susa-t (pi. u*^- bus) 
v*>y qiit ; J*U* ina'as\ 
Grub, v. <j*^ nabai, y ambus ; gls 

qala*, yaqla*. 
Grubber, 8. (tool) *• marr. 
Grudge, *. £*u/ kasatia-t; 
gill ; xJk. hiqd, haqad ; . 
Grudge, v. ^— hasad, yahsid ; <$* 

dann, yacjiun, ya^ann. 
Gruel, *. 6^« <^y* siifan mat- 

buh ; <^j*» S*x^«oc 'asida-t iufan. 
Gruff, ad/. f)\~ sarim ; <j*j** 

Gruffness, 5. Wj- sarama-t. 
Grumble, v. ^ bar bar, yubarbir ; 
y& tadammar, yatadammar ; 
f^UJS taqamqam, yataqamqam. 
Grumbling, 8. j~»<>* tadmir ; ytf 

tadammur ; (*&*B taqamqum. 
Grunt, v. f m A\*si$\ J** W* *ayya$ 

misl aJ-hanazir, yu'ayyij. 
Grunting, 8. ^W* 'iyafc. 
Guarantee, 8. &U-* damana-t; 

flU* kafala-t. 
Guarantee, v. J^ kafal, yakful ; 
Jafl akfal, yukfil; ^4-* (jiamin, 
yacjman ; &+i5 tadamman, yata- 

Guard, v. (protect) ^^ hama, 
yahmi ; Wka. hafig, yahfaz ; q\* 
san, yasun. — (watch over) {j*f- 
haras, yahrus, yahris ; (j»y^ 
ihtaras, yahtaris. — (guard one't 
self against) &• )±*>\ ihtazar 
min, yahtazir. 
Guard, *. (custody) A~W hirasa-t ; 
tjmy*. ljars. — (body of men) <j*\^- 
hurras (pi. of <j*;U haris) ; yfc 
gufara' (pi. of j*Afc gafir) ; ^-My 
nawatir (pi. of j^»U n*i$ur). 
Guarded, adj. (circumspect) ;«W 

hazir; ))+*" muhtariz. 
Guardian, s. to\*. hafiz (pi. iW 
huffaz) ; u-;^ haris (pi. u*y 
hurras). — (of orphans) ya&\ J**j 
al-qussar (pi. $6) wukala'). 
Guardianship, *. &i>\&* muhi- 
faga-t ; &~\j** hirasa-t. — (of 
orphans) e^^N &\X) wakala-t al- 
qasirin ; && kafala-t. 
Guess, 8. y± zann (pi. (^yti gunun) ; 

(^♦^ tahmin. 
Guess, v. jf* hazar, yahzir; ^-i 
fassar, yufassir; (^- hamman, 
Guest, s. «-A>^ daif (pi. <>Jy~> 
duyuf) ; ^ warid (pi. ^ -in, 

*>^ wurrad) ; J*y nazil ; ^»U 

ha^ir (pi. j^ huftar). 
Guidance, *. ^^ja hidaya-t ; *>U ; \ 

Guide, v. ^ja hada, yahdi ; J«> 

dall, yadull ; ^\ ar£ad, yuriid. 
Guide, s. JJ^ dalil (pi. **\ adilla') ; 

<^*Aa hadi; ±*>f mur^id. 
Guidele88, adj. ^\j* dlUma lahu 

hadi ; J*l»3 oi J c^* niin dun 

Guile, a. &«•> bila-t (pi. Je^ 

hiyal); *2^ makariya-t; (^ 

Guileful, ad/. ]&• makkar ; £^J^ 

hadda* ; j5*U^ ga^iai§. 
Guilefulness, *. £ \j^ hida*. 
Guileless, adj. ^^ 9alih; j*>t* 

sadiq ; jA^ halis. 
Guilelessness, «. Wju sadaqa-t ; 

y/U\ ihlas. 

Digitized by 





Guillotine, *. pd\ gaj^» minqa* 

Guilt, #. 2Jo± hatiya-t (pi. bUa^ 

hit Ay a) ; ^> jurni (pi. ^fh 

jurum) ; f*\ ism (pL ^\ a^am). 
Guiltiness, 8. f\pM ijtiram. 
Guiltless, adj. ^ bari-y (pi. \>^\ 

abriya') ; jW barr (pi. j\j*\ abrar). 
Guiltlessness, «. i*-afc *isma-t; 

6;^ barara-t. 
Guilty, adj. s-*i^* muznib ; fy^* 

mujrim; ^jW jani (pi. $W ju- 

Guinea, 8. £*****• jiniya-t. 
Guise, *. <S) zai-y (pi. Vyt azya') ; 

(*-* kasm. 
Guitar, 8. ^ *ud, J aud (pi. ^^ 

'idaa) ; 6;^4* qitara-t. 
Gulf, a. ^ jun ; £*li. halij (pi. 

gl*. huluj, ^^s- huljan). 
Gull, v. ^J^ gasi, yaguis; £«**» 

hada', yahda*. 
Gull, s. (dupe) &***\ ahmaq ; ,»«■&■ * 

gasim. — (f/*e fori) &&*> danka- 

Gullet, *. ^- halq (pi. j^ 

huluq, jpieA ahlaq) ; f^f^- hul- 

qum (pi. f+Jk* haluqiiu) ; jy&°» 

hunjur (pi. ^? > ^s> hanajir) ; ,»*1* 

bul'um (pi. ^iXj bahViui). 
Gulp, v. & bala', yaula' ; £k$\ ib- 

tala', yabtalr. 
Gum, s. £♦- samg, sumg (pi. ty+* 

Gum, v. £♦*> sainmag, ynsammig ; 
£•-«* ji lassaq bi-samg, yula$- 
Gummy, atf/\ 4^5*** ?amgi-y. 
Gums, *. ^U-.^ &1 lisat al-asnan 
(pi. *^^I ligat, ^ Lisa); ^J 
( jU^3\ lahm al-asnan (pi. f^J 
Gun, a. {rifle, &c.) &**)*** banduqi- 
ya-t (pi. JJ^ bunduq) ; &£& 
tufank i-h (Turk.) ; 5j^ bariida-t 
(pi. -*257* barawid). — (cawjow) 

&** madfa* (pi. £*^ madafi') ; 

v>^» tob, top (TwrA:.). 
Gunner, 8. ^fr.£ tobji (pi. &#r.£ 

Gunpowder, 8. ^J* bariid. 
Gun-shot, * £**v* by* darbat 

Gurgle, v. ,3**? baqbaq, yubaqbiq. 
Gush, v. JU sal, yasil ; s-~«^ in- 

aabb, yansabb ; £■** naba', yam- 

ba 4 , yambi', yambu'. 
Gush, 8. v*^-*-^ insibab; £j— ** 

Gusset, «. £**; ruq'a-t (pi. fVij 

Gust, «. (o/ wind) SmAc 'asifa-t 

(pi. *-My* 'awasif) ; &*»*> nafha-t 

(pi. ct>Wii liat'ahat). 
Gusto, Gust, «. (taste) jji zauq. 
Gut, «. ^*^ masir (pi. ^^* mus- 

ran) ; i>^^« musriina-t (pi. ^^* 

masririn) ; ^s*^ mi'a (pi. «^ 

Gut, t;. (ijW^ ^» saqq al-batn, 

yasuqq; £;* farrag, yufarrig. 
Gutter, «. ^s/^ majra (pi. ^5;V^» 

uiajan) ; s^j** mizab (pi. s-s»jW* 

Guttural, adj. ^jSU halqi-y. 
Guttural, 8. ij^J\ «-*^ hirf al- 

halq (pi. ijlaJ\ vJ;^- huruf al- 

h:ll 4 ). 

Gymnasium, «. ^J^» maidan, mi- 
dan (pi. ^>>*>W* mayadin) ; J^^ 
^b^ mahall riyada-t. 

Gymnast, «. £j^* musari*. 

Gymnastics, 8. ju*^5\ a-&V>j riya4a-t 
ai-jasad ; 4^U* mu8ara*a-t. 

Gypsum, *. (j*^> jibs ; &*** jabsin, 
jafsia; u^^jass, jis?^ 

Gyrate, v. ^*> dar, yadur. 

Gyration, «. j;»> daur (pi. j^^ ad- 
war) ; (^\)^*> dawanin. 

Gyves, 8. Ju* qaid (pi. *>^j* quy&d, 
*>W*^ aqyad). 

Gyve, v. J^i qayyad, yuqayyid. 






Haberdasher, 8. ^^s- saqatf-y ; 

fij^i. £L* bayy a 4 hurda-h ; w %««»*»• 

Habiliment, s. *j~* kiswa-t (pi. 

<j)\~£ kasawi). 
Habit, s. (dress) <j-U libas (pi. 

Z~~£\ aibisa-t) ; v»y gaub, sob 

(pi. s^V^ sivab). — (custom) b^ 

'ada-t (pi. ^j* 'awiivid) ; s->^ 

dab (pi. s^ adiib) ; ^U^ 

id man. — (habit of body) &\y 

inizaj (pi. &+y\ amzi ja-t) ; £**-k 

tal»i'a-t(pl. «yt -at, £>tl talmvi'). 
Habit, v. <j~?J labbas, yulabbis ; 

u^-ft albas, yulbis ; ^ kasa, 

Habitable, adj. {$£**» yansakin 

(aor. of vn.) ; y\* 'amir ; s— ^ 

&..-C*!) munasib li-'s-sakina-t. 
HABITABLENES8, 8. &£~1 3 3L-U» 

mun/isaba-t li-'s-sakina-t. 
Habitation, «. &-*£- sakina-t; 

{ j£~+ maskan (pi. ^ — * masa- 

kin) ; &*^rt J*-* mahall iqama-t 

(pi. JW* mahall) ; pU* maqam. 
Habitual, adj. «^W*^ i'tiysidi-y ; 

*>\jau» mu'tad ; J*«*~-* musta'nial. 
Habituate, v. «ji j^e 'awwad 4 ala, 

Hack, v. &* qa«a', yuqatti' ; r ^ 

faram, yafrum. 
Hackney, s. <j)**~~ J*** bail mu s- 

Hackney, v. (««e much) \)+*z~\ 

ista'mal, yasta'inil; Jy* jarrad, 

Hemorrhage, 8. «-*y nazf, mizf. 
Haft, 8. A> yad ; &~X~J\ <Uyi qab- 

dat/as-sikkina-t ; v»^ nisab (pi. 

s-~«J nusub). 
Hag, 8. S^L- sAhira-t ; <j~**^ ^^ 

'ajuzat an-nahs. 
Haggard, adj. o-^ wahSi-y; 

<j£a*j* muwahtas ; &#* qabilj ; 

£&* baii*. 
Hail, «. •>/ barad (pi. [*& burud). 

— (sanitation) fX* salam ; *H» 

Hail, v. *ji barrad, yubarrid ; J/ 

^ nazal barad, yanzil. — (greet) 

^ (X* sallani 'ala, yusalliui.— 

(call out) v» &° ?ah bi, yasih. 
Hair, s. f*> sa'r ; ^** s a'ra-t (pL 

.**a. sii'ur). — (of the pudenda) 

&tc <ana-t (pi. o^ <un )- — (°f 

animals) ft wabar (pi. ^ 

Hair-dresser, 8. tti-« massat; 

<£>y muzayyin. 
Hairless, adj. ^)f*\ ajrudi ; £U 

asla', f. UU sal'a (pi. &* snV). 
Hair-pin, s. ^^^ dabbus (pi. 

u-*?^ dababis). 
Hairy, adj. o'V** ^a'rani-y ; f± 

Hale, adj. f*±~ salini ; ^^t- s ihih. 
Half, s. *-**> nisf, nusf (pi. *->^ 

ansaf) ; ^ satr (pi. J&*\ as#r, 

j^La. sutur). 
Half-boiled, adj. ^y ni\ nai. 
Half-moon, s. J^> halal (pi. &*>\ 

abilla-t, Jk^ ahalil). 
Half-way, «. <3>^ *-A-i nisf at- 
tar iq. 
Hall, 8. &tf qa'a-t; ^\ iwan 

(pi. wt>\i\^>\ iwanat, yiffl awa- 

Halleluja, inter j. t&\ ^U-- sub- 

han allah. 
Halleluja, e. £ •* ? •■»> tasbih. 
Hallow, r. ,^-ju* qaddas, yuqaddis. 
Halo, 8. AJ^> hala-t; S\j6 nad'a-t. 
Halt, ac//. (linrpiny) s ; *\ a'raj, f. 

W-/ 1 'arjiV (pi. o^^ 'urjan). 
Halt, 8. (halt in y) $,* 'arj.— (« : f <?/)) 

c-W^ waqf; «^^; wuquf; ^^ 

Halt, v. (limp) tf *araj, ya'raj ; 

(stop) n. «-a*j waqaf, yaqif; a. 

«-jal^ waqqaf, yuwaqqif. 
Halter, 8, *>^« miqwad (pi. ^^** 

maqawid) ; &-J* marasa-t (pL 

Digitized by 





ijAf\ amras) ; ^—j rasan (pi. 
$\~)\ arsan). 
Halve, v. <-**<* nasaf, yansuf ; nas- 

§af, yunassif. 
Ham, 8. J^i iahz (pi. 3U^ afhaz) ; 
dfi wirk (pi. «s)\^ aurukj. — 
(bacon) £JU* yiy±> **£* i'ahza-t 
hinzir mumallaha-t ; e>*^ jam- 
Hamlet, 8. ^y mazra'a-t (pi. 
£)\y inazari') ; y£ kafr (pi. ^ 
kut'ur) ; $-^1* bulaida-t. 
Hammer, 8. &j** mitraqa-t (pi. 
j;U>» matariq) ; k)y inirzaba-t 
(pi. v>;V* marazib). 
Hammer, v. j^> {araq, vajruq. 
Hammock, s. £aU* $Aji farsa-t 

mu 4 allaqa-t ; *+-y*y marjuha-t. 
Hamper, 8. &S quffa-t (pi. <-*& 
qufaf) ; J*?*j zambil (pi. J**^j 
Hamper, v. (impede) j>\* *aq, ya'uq ; 
j^-c *awwaq, yu'awwiq; £— ^ 
mana', yamna*. — (embarras) 
**bj± sirbak, yus\trbik; pp* hay- 
yar, yuhayyir. 
Hamstring, s. jV-J^ <L*e. 'asaba-t 

Hand, s. <* yad, yadd (du. &\*i 
yadden; pi. C 5-^->\ aidi, ^^ 
ayadi). — (hand- writing) la*- hat{. 
— (hand of a watch) v*; 5 * 'aqrab 
(pi. *^>)\a* 'aqarib). — (workman) 
£>U $aui* (pi. £^*> suumV). 
Hand, v. <^^> yada, yuwadi ; J^ 
nawal, yuuawil ; ^y 'arrad, yu- 
'arrid ; ^J>y\ a'rad, yu'rid. 
Handcuffs, 8. J* gull (pi. JW 
aglal) ; J& nikl (pi. J^rt an- 
Handcuff, v. *<* »M qayyad yadd- 

hu, yuqayyid. 
Handful, «. &£-*£ kamsa-t ; ^i 

Handicraft, 8. a^u» $ana'a-t (pi. 
^Vju» §anayi 4 ); &y ^irfa-t (pi. 
*-tjo- hirai). 
Handiness, 8. *jb*» ^atara-t; ifa 

mabara-t ; &W* labaqa-t. 
Handiwork, 8. a> J** ^ u gl yadd 
(pi. J^ aigal, Jy* sugul). 

Handkerchief, 8. J>aa* mandil 

(pi. J>*Ai* nianadil) ; &»•}&• mah- 

rama-t (pi. f;^* mahanm). 
Handle, «. *-M qal>da-t; <>**&• 

miqbad (pi. u^^-» m iqabid) ; 

v>^» nisab (pi. s— o> nusub). 
Handle, v. u~> jass, yajuss ; <j-+ 

mass, yamuss; cd— * masak, yam- 
si k ; ^e 'alaj, yu'alij. 
Handmaid, 8. &,W jariya-t (pi. 

^ff jawan) ; &>»\m» haddama-t. 
Hand-mill, 8. <u>yW jarusa-t (pi. 

uH)^> jawai is; ; U.j raha' (pi. 

^j\ arfca, &s**j\ arhiya-t). 
Hand-saw, 8. jU-^ miniar (pi. 

j+b^ mauiKir). 
Handsel, «. ^f- 'urban (pi. ^J^ 

Handsel, v. *^f\ a'rab, yu'rib. 
Handsome, adj. ^^ malih ; (^—^ 

hasati (pi. <^— ©- hasaua-t, U— *. 

husma'j ; J > o jamil ; ^ ■ * - j 

wabim (pi. L-^-^ wusamii). — 

(ample) f**±* *azim. — (handsome 

action) q\~~*A ihsan. 
Handsomeness, 8. ($>-*> husn ; JW 

jam a I ; &*$»• malaha-t. 
Hand-writing, 8. ^ ha^t. 
Handy, adj. (skilful) £\± sa^ir; 

y^U mabir ; £**> saua,* ^ani*. — 

(convenient) <J>3 layiq ; v^^U* 

muntUib ; ^^ hadir. 
Hang, v.a. vi^ *allaq, yu'alliq. — 

(fey the neck) J^ft* ^anaq, yainuq ; 

n. * vJ^** ta'allaq ti, >ata 4 alliq. 
Hanger-on, 8. v3^* muta'alliq ; 

&\> tabi* (pi. £*> tabaS g?y ta- 

wabi 4 ). 
Hangings, 8. f~ sitr (pi. jj*~ 

sutur) ; Sj\jl* sitara-t (pi. ^U- 

satayir) ; &tU^ burdaya-t. 
Hangman, 8. ^J^^* masa'ali-y (pi. 

AUfi^A^ maiiValiya-t) ; J^ jallad. 
Hank, 8. ^i kabba-t. 
Hanker, v. ^J\ j^a^ istaq ila, 

Hankering, 8. jUxa,\ isliyaq ; Jy± 

^auq, soq (pi. ^^ aiwaq) ; ji^ 

mail (pi. JW*\ amyal). 
Hap, Hap-hazard, 8. &X* eadfa-t j 

v3^^ ittifaq. 

Digitized by 





Hapless, adj. ^ £■*■« mas'um ; 
v*y***" mauh&s. 

Happen, v. <^ 7 > jira, yajri ; *i>J^ 
hadij, yahdas ; ,j-i?\ ittafaq, 
yattafiq ; ^o sar, yasir ; g*^ 
waqa', yaqa' ; <j>f- 'arad, ya'rid. 

HAPPINES8, 8. J^-iU, sa'd ; SjU- 
sa'ada-t; «>**. baht ; ^jl $uba 
(f. of s-*M atyab)'; &** gibta-t. 

Happy, ad;. J^L sa'id (pi. \j*~ 
si^ada') ; J y r»~* mas'ud ; L<-x*<* 
mugtabit. — (happy tidings) S^U^ 
basara-t. — (ready) ^W hadir. 

Harangue, «. &^ huU»a-t (pi. 
s-Ja» hutab) ; £-l\ci* inuha{a- 

Harangue, v. s-^ hii{ab, yuhatfb ; 
^^ J** 4 amii hu^ba-t, ya'mal.. 

Harass, v. s-*>\ at'ab, yut'ib ; J*f 
lawwas, yulawwis\ 

Harbtnger, 8. p*£z* rautaqaddim ; 
?!*&• muhbir; yZ~+ mubsir, mu- 
bas^ir ; ^ basir (pi. \j&* bu- 
sara, ^ busY). 

Harbour, 8. (port) ^-^ marsa 
(pi. o-V marasi) ; ^ niiua (pi. 
o>V* uaawani, (j-** miyan). — 
(asylum) V^U malja (pi. ^^ 
maJaji'); ^U ma'wa (pi. ^U 

Harbo jr, v.a. J*s*~.\ istaqbal, yas- 
taqbil ; *-**-& dayyaf, yudayyif ; 
Jy nazzal, y unazzil ; Jy^-\ istau- 
zal, yastanzil ; n. (take refuge) 
V^ iltaja, yaltaji. 

Hard, adj. (solid) s-i- salib; Jl* 
said (pi. 4%o\ aslad).— (severe) 


£adid : 

qasi ; 

sa'b ; JaJA 
(•^ sarim. — (difficult) 
s— *-> sa*b (pi. v»U- si'ab; ; >—* 
*asir ; j*~& *asir. 

Harden, v.a. s-1* sallab, yusallib ; 
^5^5 qassa, yuqassi ; o^ nassaf, 
yunassif ; ^^ jab bas, yuvab- 
bis ; n. s-J-> tasallab, yatasallab ; 
u~**> tay abbas, yatay abbas. 

Hardihood, 8. {boldness) S ; W 
jasara-t ; &A^ft. sija'a-t.— (effron- 
tery) k-WS qabaha-t. 

Hardiness, 8. Sy quwwa-t; Sja 

Hardly, ady. (with difficulty) <&h 
bi-'l-kadd; &-ifu> J-** bi-kull 
gu'uba-t. — (scarcely) <jr^ anjaq 
(Turk.). — (wi/A severity) J*t 
W^-» bi-kull sarania-t. 

Hardness, 8. *?^ $alaba-t ; *}* 
sulud ; *j^—i qasawa-t ; &-if* 

Hardship, s. (severe labour) s-** 
ta 4 ab ; j£ kadd ; &***• maiaqqa-t 
(pi. j^A^masaqq). — (oppression) 
C& zulm; &♦&*• mazlauaa-t (pi. 
f^V*" magalim). 

Hardy, adj. (strong) ^ji qawi-y; 
»v>j^i ^adid. — (brave, bold) ^-W- 
jasir (pi. x^y* jawasir) ; jy~ * 
jasur (pi. y~* jusr, jusur) ; &***> 
saji' (pi. ^^6» ^uj'an). 

Hare, 8. s-^ arnab (pi. s-i^ 

Harem, 8. pj* haram (pi. ^\^ 
ah ram). — (the women) (*-±f* 

Hark, v. o-oJ nasat, yansit ; £+*~\ 
istama', yastami*. 

Harlequin, s. ^w* mashara-t 
(pi. ysX~+ masahir). 

Harlot, s. ^^* qahba-t (pi. v^*W 
qihab ; &Je\) za^iya-t (pi. <j*^j 
zawati) ; Liu^Xi fahi^a-t (pi. <J^*\ji 

Harm, 8. (damage) j* durr; %* 
darar; ty&* madarra-t (pi. «t>\ 
-at, jU* madan). — (wrong) ^ 
zulm ; £ ■■♦ & * mazlama-t ; ^ 
jaur. — (there is no harm) ^*Q 3 
la bas. 

Harm, v. j* darr, yudurr ; %* 
darrar, yudarrir; yi\ adarr, yu- 
dirr ; ^o\ azza, yu'azzi. 

Harmful, adj. y*>* niudirr ; ^U 
darr ; ^*y mu'zi (muzi). 

Harmless, adj. ^ p^ gair inudirr ; 
tj^ <ui U ma fi-hi bas. 

Harmlessness, 8. jj* p±z 'adam 

Harmonic, Harmonical, Har- 
monious, adj. ^^A saji- J ; %•* 
&♦*> zu nagma-t. 

Harmonise, v.a. ^J lahin, jal- 
han; ijk) waffaq, yuwaffiq ; ^ 

Digitized by 





nazzam, yunagzim ; n. <J&\ itti- 
faq, yattafiq. 

Harmony, 8. ^>\^\ j\ti\ ittifaq al- 
a8»vat ; vi>\yc3\ &5\ ulfat al-aawat ; 
q{*}\ alhau (pi. of ^>J lahu). — 
(concord) J^»\ ittifaq; »>b^\ itti- 

Harness, 8. f*& {aqm ; Sac 'udda-t ; 
o^ raht (pi. ^>fy ruhut). 

Harness, v. j*&> {aqqain, yutaq- 
qim ; J*attt jac 'addad ai-hail, 
yu'addid ; o*.j rahhat, yurahhit. 

Harp, s. clW junk (pi. csJy*. 
junuk) ; SjUS' kinnara-t (pi. ye>^ 

Harp, v. *&^\ <J* j<> daqq *ala- 
'1-junk, yaduqq. 

Harper, 8. o**>- junki-y. 

Harpoon, 8. sjXJ^^ hut^af (pi. 
Olik hatatff). 

Harpoon, s. «**VL*J^ tsL-i masak 
bi-'l-huttaf, yamsik. 

Harrow, 8. &LL* niislafat. 

Harrow, v. «-4L. salaf , yasluf ; £* 
gala', yasla*. — (torment) v*-^ 
*azzab, yu 4 azzib. 

Harsh, adj. (to the taste) y murr 
(pi. $f\ ainrar). — (to the ear) 
&i£ k irib. — (in manntr and dis- 
position) *)}-£" makruh; p^° 
sarim ; <j*j** 'abiis ; ^yW jail ; 
^jtec unfi-y. 

Harshness, *. (of tas ( e) tyy ma- 
rara-t. — (of disposition) Ui jafa ; 
s^A> jaf wa-t ; *jV-J qasawa-t ; 
etur 'unf. 

Hart, 8. J>^ ayyal, ayal (pi. JArt 

aya'il, &*\ ayila-t) ; J»j\ aryal. 
Harvest, *. (time) <-&/- hirif; 
oLacbJ\ ^sJij waqtal-hi^Ad. — (reap- 
ing) *>^»- hisful. — (crops) t. v g <e> 
ha^ida-t (pi. ^^ h isayid) ; 
Jy*^* mah?ud ; Ale eilla-t. 
Harvest, v. ±~*- ha sad, yahsid ; 
^ jana, yajni ; «1a1d5 qa^af, yaq- 

Hash, t?. rf faram, yafrum. 
Hash, s. 5W*~ sakbaj. 
Hassock, 8. SjV^* sajada-t. 
Hastk, «. &^e 4 ajala-t; A-Cj*. 

gur'a-t ; *«Xa^ waik. 

Haste, v.a. J** 'ajjal, yu'ajjil ; 

J^c\ a'jal, yu'jil; tp rawwaj, 

yurawwij ; n. J^*i-^ ist a'jal, 

yasta'jil; £;- saru', yasru' ; g^ 

asra', yusri' ; ^ badar, yubadir. 
Hastiness, 8. J^»*£-.\ isti'ja.1. — 

(violence) Sja sidda-t ; *•*»- hid- 

Hasty, adj. J^ 'ajil ; J^c 'ajul ; 

J*^* 'ajil ; ft?* sari 4 . — (irri- 
table) eW^ J*- sahil al-bayaj ; 

JaJA 6adid ; ^jM qaliq. 
Hat, 8. ALty bame^a-t (pi. W>ty 

Hatch, v. ^-21 faqas, yafqus ; ty 

i'arrah, yufarrih ; ^-a*- hadan, 

yahdun. — (plot) y+* damar, yad- 

Hatch, s. &-*»• hadna-t ; £~£i faq- 

Hat< hel, s. oj^\ £±" midaqq al- 

Hatch el, v. q^&\ J^> daqq al- 

kattan, yaduqq. 
Hatchet, s. ^^iqaddum (pi. f**A<& 

Hate, v. */ karib, yakrab ; <J** 

bagad, yatgud ; iJJ*\ abgacj, 

yul gid; c^t^ maqat, yaniqut. 
Hateful, adj. *)/*• inakrub ; **_/" 

karib ; *&>f++ inamqut ; J±y.*" 

Hatred, s. &J*\/ karaha-t ; 6^ ; Xs-\ 

istiknih ; a-^Aj bugda-t ; *£* hiqd 

(pi. o^e. huqud, oj^ haqayid, 

*>VtD.^ ahqad). 
Hatter, s. ^\^ gW bayya ; baranit ; 

J«^»^ baraniti-y. 
Haughtiness, 8. \>y£ kibriya* ; p& 

takal»bur ; a*> taih, tib. 
Haughty, adj. y*&* Biutakabbir ; 

yW tayyabau ; ( b** * muta'ag- 

Haul, v. s-*^~ sahab, yashab ; y± 

jarr, yajurr.— (a ship) ^ qat;ar, 

Haunch, s. ^ wirq (pi. *d\j)\ 

aurak) ; s-^*> sulb (pi. s-»M 

Haunt, *. jy+** J^« maJ^all ma ( - 


Digitized by 





Haunt, v. y+* 'amar, ya'mur ; tsf 

ij\ taraddad ila, yataraddad ; 

J\ ^ lata ila, yalfi. 
Haunted, adj. (by gliosis) )$+** 

in a* 111 ur. 
Have, v. d la-hu ; »J^c 'inda-hu ; 

viVU inalak, yamlik; «tlW tamal- 

lak, yatamallak ; jU haz, ya- 

Haven, s. ^y marsa (pi. ^j-V 

marasi) ; ^y* mina' (pi. ^J\y 

mawani, ($** urivaD). 
Haversack, 8. v>\r> jirab (pi. 2*fA 

ajriba-t) ; S)U^ mihla-t (pi. J^ 

Havock, 8. v»\^ harab ; s-a/^ tah- 

Hawk, 8. p° saqr (pi. ;j&* suqur) ; 

jW baz (pi. «y^ bazat, Pas.) ; 

<J^ basiq (pi. vi^V bawasiq). 
Hawk, v. (carry about for sale) jU 

£-*> dar yabi', yadiir. 
Hawker, 8. (pedlar) Jac- saqa- 

$i-y ; J)J daw war ; ^^ hur- 

Hay, 8. v~)\i i J^As - basis yahis. 
Hazard, 8. (accident) &**> sadfa-t ; 

v3to\ ittilaq; <^^ 'arida-t (pi. 

J±fo 'awarid). — (risk) f** hatar 

(pi. j&±\ ah tar) 

a^l^ muha- 

tara-t (pi. t^** niabatir). 

Hazard, v. ^^- hatar, yuhajir. 

Hazardous, ad;. j*± ha^ir ; ;kVai* 

Haze, s. s->W* clabab; ^^ daba- 

Hazy, at//. v»W^ ^ <J U 4abab ; s-^a- 
mudabhab ; f+e** niugim ; j&& - 

He, pron. y* hu. 

Head, 8. <j* fr \) ra's, ras (pi. v*f)) 
ru'us). — (chief) <j~ij raj vis, rais 
(pi. U*^ ru'asa') ; j~»\ amir (pi. 
\f\ umara ). — (intellect) J*£ 'aql 
(pi. Jy* 4 uqul) ; vsJ\ ; j\ idrak. — 
(source) £<•*■* manibu' (pi. £>^* 
manabi') ; <j* fr \> ra's (pi. u-/;j 
ru'us) ; J-\ as I (pi. J^ usul). 

Head, v. *>tf qad, yaqud; fJtf 
qadain, yaqdum ; fji? taqaddain, 

Headache, a. <j*V^ g^ waja* ar- 
ras ; £^Ju> §uda*. 
He a din ess, 8. f*-^*3* tabajjum; 

i*j^»^ iuujazafa-t. 
Headland, 8. <j*\j ras (pi. u*/^ 

Headlong, cm//, (rash) )]&* niuta- 

bawwir. — (steep) £*^» Miuiih. 
Headmost, at/;. ^\ aqdain. 
Headquarters, 8. j&- *&\ j*+ uiaqarr 

al- 4 askar. 
Headstrong, adj. juac 'an id (pi. 

a;x *unud) ; £J°" p± gair ninth 
Heady, adj. (affectinj the head) 

j£~** muskir. — (rash) (+*&•* uiu- 

tuhajjiui ; dL**4\ j$ja sadid al- 

Heal, v.a. ^^ safa, yasfi ; ^\ 

a^fa, yusii ; s-^» tayyab, yutay- 

yib; \^\ abra, yubn ; n. ^J^ 

istafa, yastufi ; v»^» t«b, yatib. 
Healing, 8. UM i^fa' ; U^\ istifa'; 

•f. l>aru. 
Health, s. a^-o 8ibha*-t, sahha-t; 

iciV£ 'afiya-t. 
Healthful, Healtht, adj. ^ 

salim ; ^U salim. — (sal i» brio us) 

^«J\ &\y muwufiq us sibha-t. 
Healthfulness, Healthiness, s. 

Mu salama-t; ^« &iia; ^»^ 

*afiya-t.— (salubrity) &at<A\ &*>\y 

uiuwaiaqat as sahha-t. 
Heap, s. ^^ kuuia-t (pi. ^\ ak- 

wain, fkf kuvvaui) ; pf kum (pL 

(^W^ kiman). 
Heap, v. rf kawwam, yukawwim ; 

^-^ jama 4 , yajma* ; ^ lamm, 

Hear, v. £♦— sauia', yasma*. 
Hearing, s. (sense of) £♦- sam* ; 

£*-J\ A-.U. hassa-t as-saiu 4 . — 

(audience) £-l)U* muqabala-t ; 

a«>^ muwajaha-t ; icU— sa- 

Hearken, v. £+*~\ istania', yas- 

tann' ; o-ai nasat, yausit; c^ai* 

tana§s:it, yatauassat. 
Hearsay, 8. ^4— saui' ; p± habar 

(pl.jW^\ ah bar). 
Hearse, 8. SjU^. jinaza-t, janaza-t 

(pl.^W janayiz). 

Digitized by 





Heart, a. s— 1* qalb (pi. s^* 
qulub) ; £%6* muhja-t (pi. <*>\ 
-»t, ge^ muhuj) ; J4* kabd (pi. 
^\ akluld, *>jj^ kubud) ; *>^ 
fuwad (pi. Sj£*\ afi'da-t). The 
last two words comprise, pro- 
perly speaking, liver and lungs. 

Hearth, s. *&y» mauqida-t (pi. 
<&\*+ mawaqid) ; Jiy^~*» mustau- 

Heartily, adv. iS\^S\ ^ s-^^> bi- 
'1-qalb wa-'l-iruda-t ; (***> <&• 
s-JwbJ\ min samim al-qalb. 

Heartiness, s. (sincerity) &&>**> 
sadaqa-t ; J*** sidq ; v^^ ihlas ; 
\j>£±- hulus. — (cheerfulness) j^ 
surur ; t/ t'arah ; !a~* bast. 

Heartless, adj. &^\ p>±* 'adim 

Hear i some, adj. (merry) o^ 
farhan ; %?-* niasrur. 

Hearty, adj. (sincere) jp^> sadiq ; 
u<aU> muhlis. — (healthy) ^y^* 
muta'afi ; p^~> saii'.n. 

Heat, e. f- harr ; tyf- harara-t ; 
v** 4 * saul>, sob ; &^i— suhana-t. 
— (of passion) M* gaiz ; s-^^ 
gad _ib ; W*** b umma ja. — (ardour) 
*F- ^raira-t. 

Heat, v. ^^ hamma, yuhonimi ; 
^^s— sahhan, yusahhiii ; 

hamm, yabumm. — (excite) &*> 
h'ayvaj, yuhayyij ; fy\ augar, 

Heathen, «., Heathenish, adj. 
^^\ j^Vc 'abid al-ausan ; ^'j 
wa«ani-y ; ^ kafir (pi. ^ kuf- 
far, *f$ kaiara-t). 

Heathenism, s. fU«3M SjI*c 'ibadat 

Heave, v. (raise) £*; rafa', yarfa' ; 
Jwa» sal, yasil. — (heave a sigh) 
\jjucM (j^Lj tan anas aa-su'ada, 
va'.anaiias. — (heave as the sea) 
£U inaj, yamuj ; £<*> baj, yahij. 

Heaven, s. U-. sain a* (pi. »^>\jU~. 
sauwiwat, «^j*— samawat) ; cdli 
falak (pi. vsJ^i\ afiak, *aXii luluk, 
Heavenly, adj. ^^- samlwi-y ; 
,^1* *ulwi-y, 'alawi-y. 

Heavens, interj. $\ Sji U y Jjd. U 
aUW ma haul wa ma quwwat il-la 
bi-'llah ; f$\ allahumma. 

Heaviness, s. (weight) Js> siql ; 
&&' saqala-t. — (dejection) ^ 
gamm (pi. py± gumutn) ; ^ 

Heavino, 8. ty mauj (pi. c^ 
amwaj) ; (jW*A bay a j an ; f&fc 
g^^\ talatum al-amwaj. 

Heavy, adj. (weighty) J*» saqil 
(pi. ie* suqahV, J^5> siqal). — (de- 
jected) j>>&" mukaddar; vS^ J j~ 
saudawi-y. — (oppressive) <*><*** 
sad id. 

Hectic, adj. J/- -* maslul. 

Hedge, s. eW- siyaj (pi. ssA -at, 
i*^ aswija-t, eL-t asyaj) ; v»jj 
zarb (pi. s-»j;j zuriib). 

Hedge, v. £~~ .savyaj, yusayyij. 

Hedgehog, s. ^» quni'uz (pi. AiUi 
qanatiz) ; *&\ anqud ; ^i lutun- 

Heed, s. (gvard) ^ bizr, baznr. — 
(care, attention) U^c\ inina' ; AaUc 

Heed, v. (take care) ^^ 'ana, 
yu'ani; v» ^^? bala l>i, yubali. 
— (observe) <^«^ tanabbah, yata- 
nabbah ; ^ ^\ (j**\ am'an an- 
nazar ii, yutn'in. 

Heedful, adj. (careful, attentive) 

c5^ o^b Wil ^ * ala ; s^ (^^ 

nm'tani bi ; ^i Jua^ muqayyad 

fi. — (watchful) <W nabih ; < M ^» 

muntabih ; (j^/*- haris. 
Heedfulness, «. ^Uia\ ihtimam; 

aaW> nabiiha-t ; <j-^y^^ ihtiras. 
Heedless, adj. (incautious) j<£ 

v~>f» gair haris ; j^^\ (*>** 

'adim at-tadbir. — (negligent) JiVi 

Heedlessness, s. &te gafla-t; &* 

b\+x y l\ qillat al-intibah. 
Heel, «. s-£c 'aqib (pi. v»V5c\ 

a'qal;); s-^ ka'b (pi. v»^ 

ki'ab, s^^*^ ak*ab). 
Heel-bone, s. ^^ zauraqi-y. 
Heft, s. Haft. 
Heifer, 8. S^fi* baqara-t, baqra-t; 

Digitized by 






>j\) &J U ma la-hu 
mirasa-t (pi. 

Xl^c <ijla-t (pi. J%c 'ijal, JW* 

'ijal, *ajal). 
Height, s. &&>j\ irtifa* ; jlc 'alu-w. 

—{of the body) J^» { U i. 
Heighten, v. £*; rata*, yarfa' ; ^J* 

'alia, yu'alli. 
Heinous, adj. &*.£ karih 

makruli ; £-«^» sani' ; 

Heinousness, 8. Ae.V-3 qabaha-t ; 

£\ja Sana' ; £cUa 6ana'a-t. 
Heir, s. *±>j\) waris (pi. K^ wara- 

sa-t, *£>\>j wurras). 
Heirdom, 8. ^ ir§ ; *±>\y*+ miras. 
Heiress, *. Hfo warisa-t. 
Heirless, adj. *±>j\ 

Heirloom, 8. &\fs" 

s±+>j\y* mawans). 
Heirship, 8. &# wara?a-t. 
Heliotrope, 8. ^»a 3\ j\j*> dawwar 

Hell, 8. f*** jahannam ; ,»***» 

jahiin. — (hell-fire) f~ saqar. 
Hellish, adj. ^»-* y » jahannami-y ; 

^4-sa^ jahirni-y. ^ 
Hellishness, 8. & &+*» saitana-t; 

i*>VLjii saitaniya-t. 
Helm, s. ^-*j*M &*> daffat al-mar- 

kab (pi. <-*£* dufuf). 
Helmet, s. fi^ huza-t (pi. »Sy» 

Helmsman, «.s-^tt^.x* mudabbir 

al-markao ; s-**j*S\ J***—* nius- 

ta'mil ai-nmrkab 
Help, v. yd nasar, yansur; <^Ve 

'awan, yu'awiu ; ^^ a'an, yu'inj 

•**^ sa'ad, yusa'id. 
Help, s. &j** ma'una-t ; ^y* 'aun ; 

&jU* mu'awana-t ; 8acL-^ musa- 

'ada-t; yd nasr; lyd nusra-t; 

*>J^» madad. 
Helpful, adj. q£** mu'awin ; 

±s\~~» inusa'id. 
Helpless, adj. Jy^ mahziil ; 

yA* *ajiz. 
Helplessness, s. J\.xaU ihtizal; 

j9ffi *ajz ; q\j*& 'ajazan. 
Helpmate, a. ,j**; rafiq (pi. VaA^ 

rufaqa', &*j rufqa-t, jVij rifaq). 

Hem, s. ,jd lifq ; &d lafqa-t ; &Vtf 

Hem, v. ,3*5 lafaq, yalfiq ; otf kaff, 

yakuff. — (hem in) v> kU\ ahat 

bi, yuhfy; v-6-^ kannaf, yukan- 

nif. ' 
Hemisphere, *. ij&\ oL» nisf al- 

kora-t (al-kurra-t). 
Hemispherical, adj. ij&\ JU Jl* 

niisl ni?f al-kora-t. 
Hemistich, *. f^ misnV (pi. 

£>j^* masari'). 
Hemlock, 8. oVj* sukaran, sau- 

Hemp, a. s-^i qunnab, qinnab, 

qinirib ; j>a>\£ kauadir. 
Hempen, adj. i>s ^i qunnabi-y. 
Hen, 8. tW^ dajaj ; £*W»> dajaja-t; 

4^ ; i farha-t (pi. t\^ at rah) ; 

Gtf farruj (pi. 5 > ; ^ i'ararij). 
Hence, adv. (from this place) q* 

Ua niin huna ; ctJUfc ^v« min hu- 

nak ; ^ ^ niin samma. — (from 

this time) ^\ ^y min al-iin. — 

— (away) "Xj barran. — (for this 

rea8o?i) mtiJ J^\ ^ min ajl 

Henceforth, adv. J^U ^ ^ ^ 

min al-an wa §a'id ; ^ j ^ er* 

min hallaq (for haza '1-waqt) wa 

Her, adj. \*> -ha, affixed to a noun 

(as W^ ibn-ha, " her son ") ; ^^ 

matjVha (/*/. " her property," as 

\q*{z+ v>U^ kitab mata k ha/ " the 

book which is her property = her 

Herald, 8. (proclaimer) <£<&** 

Herald, v. ^^ nada, yunadi. 
Heraldry, s. s- — A\ (*>$* ^ 'ilm 

'alayim au-nasab. 
Herb, 8. <j~-^ h isi^ ; A.t. a .t.g> ha^i- 

s:i-t ; s— ^ l isl» (pi. v*^^^ a*sab) ; 

J^ baqi (pi. J^ buqul). 
Herbage, 8. t/* niarj (pi. £•#• 

muriij) ; Syc^hudra-t. — (pasture) 

Herbal, «. (book on herbs) s-»^ 

s^Vac^ ^lc kitab ^ilm al-^asab 

(«pU^\ an-nabatat). — (collection 

Digitized by 






of dried herbs) ^AjtA^. £5-**^* 
£~& majmu* haSayis" yabisa-t. 

Herbalist, s. v»^* *a£sab ; 
»s>iiLjJVj 'arif bi-'n-nabatat. 

Herbarium, s. £— «*• «*A»Li £;+>~ 
majmu' nabatat muyabbasa-t. 

Herbivorous, adj. s-*a>* Jtf akil 
'isb ; u*-£^ Jfl akil hasls. 

Herd, «. £*!»* qatf* (pi. (^U!ai qut'an, 
£U*\ 'aqtaS C*^ aqatf') ; v»r- 
sirb, surb ; ^- 8urba-t (pi. v»V^ 
asrab). — (cm pasture) ***; ra*iya-t 
(pi. \>\*j ri'aya). — (herdsman) ^\j 
ra*i (pi. SWj ru'at). 

Herd, t?. £**»^ ijtama', yajtami*. 

Here, adv. Ua huna; U*U ha- 

HeRBAFTEB, adv. J ; & " »3\ ^ fl-'l- 

mustaqbil ; ^*» U ^ fi ma ba'd. 
Hereby, cufo. \±* g* ma'a haza. 
Hired itable, adj. *±>)# yftras, yu- 

warras (3 aor. pass.). 
Hereditary, adj. ^^ warasi-y ; 

Jhyf mirasi-y ; *±>m* maurus. 
Herein, adv. \±* ^ fi haza. 
Heresy, s. &&y& harjaqa-t ; *>VJ\ il- 

Heretic, s. ^j* hartaq ; W* 

mulhid (pi. JtoX* malahid). 
Heretical, adj. ^^^ har^uqi-y 

(pi. &k\y& hara^iqa-t). 
Heretofore, adv. *^U sabiqan; 

*Ujju muqaddaman. 
Heritable, adj. *±>^ yftras, yu- 
warras ; *a>\^*3\ ^ — < »■* mumkin 
Heritage, a. *±>^ irs ; *±>^** miras ; 

Aft;j wira§a-t. 
Hermit, 0. i r », s *»- feabis (pi. ^~*»- 
tnibasa'); *si-U nasik (pi. **3V--i 
nussak) ; &S~ sayih (pi. c\f- 
Hermitage, s. &—>*&• muhbasa-t 
(pi. u~?U^ mahabis) ; <g L o>» 
mansik (pi. «sL.U* manasik) ; 
i**yo sauma'a-t (pi. £*\y° sawa- 
Hkro, 8. J)«* batal (pi. JM atyal) ; 
^Ifc gazi (pi. «*>^fc guzat) ; j»S 
^W zii bas ; ghi qari*. 
Heroic, adj. &+A suja'; £*%* 

£aji' (pi. e^*** *uj'an) ; tjb 

ba^ali-y ; ^^ fidawi-y. 
Heroine, s. &***** &y\ inirat Sa- 

Heroism, *. &W* saja'a-t; #jk* 

butula-t; ^UW* sahama-t; SoUr 

Herring, «. £*-i fasih ; *&; ran- 

Hers, adj. ^ la-ha. 
Herself, pron. W—** naf su-ha. 
Hesitate, v. jytf ta'awwaq, yata- 

'awwuq ; c-Aij tawaqqaf, yata- 

waqqaf ; s^sS irtab, yartab. — (in 

speech) p>^ baldam, yubaldim. 
Hesitation, s. ^»Vc 4 aqa-t; jf* 

ta'awwaq ; *$** s^ubha-t. — (stam- 
mering) i^U*J timtama-t. 
Heterodox, adj. o*^^ hart&qi-y. 
Heterodoxy, s. &ky& har^aqa-t. 
Heterogeneous, adj. s— «^* ^ 

gair munasib ; «-A3Vae« muhahf ; 

Udsafe^ muhtalif; cr^W** 7*^ 

gair mutajanis. 
Heterogeneousnes8, *. <*Jk&\ ihti- 

laf ; «yjto tafawut ; J/ farq. 
Hew, v. ^o» qata', yaqta'; qafta*, 

Hewer, s. (of wood) s-*^ hattab. 

— (of stone) fa** hajjar; w\&* 

Hexagon, *. ^4^^ ^ju-^ musaddas 

Hiatus, s. $± halal (pi. jb» 

Hibernate, v. { j* ^atta, yu^atti. 
Hibernation, *. &*££J taitiya-t; 

^y^* tasatti. 
Hiccough, Hiccup, s. ^y»- hazqa-t ; 

&^ bazAqa-t. 
Hide, v.a. K J^ hafa, yahfi ; ^J*A 

ahfa, yuhfi ; (+£ katam, yaktum ; 

W^ haba', yahba' ; n. { J>^ ta- 

haffa, yatahaffa; <Jx*A ihtafa, 

yahtafi ; ^AaftfS-^ istahfa, yastahfi. 
Hide, s. <&* jild ; SjJ^ jilda-t (pi. 

*>^> julud). 
Hideous, adj. ^a ^ani* ; ^«i 

ji^\ qabih al - manzar ; 85^* 

makrfih; J^« mahM, muhaw- 



Digitized by 





Hie, v. J %«?- ^ ista'jal, yasta'jil. — 

(hie thee!) <^ J^-*^ a'mal 

Hierarchy, 8. &**L tugnm-t ; £yj 

rutba-t ; &*ifi±+ nianzuma-t. 
Hieroglyphic, 8. <j*<fi> naqs, uiqs 

(pi. ^»y» nuqiis) ; ^JtfK ,Jai\ al- 

qalam al-qadim. 
High, adj. ^ 'ali-y ; J^ 'Alt ; 
<^lc 'ulwi-y ; &*j rati* : £#/• 

murtafi*; £*^» Samih (pi. £*a 

kmmah), f. S a-t (pi. £*V» sawa- 

High-born, adj. J*^ Uoj* sarif 

al-asl (pi. u^fti saraf, bj* surafa', 

*^\^\ airaf). 
High-bred, adj. s->*^ s-^^° sahib 

adab (pi. v>^*^ ashab). 
Highly, adv. S^t bi-kasra-t ; gto^ 

High - minded, High - souled, 

High-8Pibited, adj. &*a jj zu 

Highness, s. £* 'ulu-w ; £\&j\ irti- 

fa'.— (title) i?** hadra-t. 
Highway, 8. pVc ^j^ {ariq 'amm ; 

jUJl. v»j^> darb sultani-y. 
Highwayman, «. <3>^ ^Lu qati* 

tariq (pi. g& quU'V) ; ^y 

harami-y (pi. 8 a-t). 
Hilabious, adj. ))y~~* inasrur ; 

^U.y farhan ; I»j~** mabeii^. 
Hilabity, s. fry* suriir ; t/ farah ; 

s>^» $arab. 
Hill, Hillock, s. J> tall (pi. J^ 

tilal, Jjfc tulul) ; Sjtj ribwa-t, SjW) 

ribawa-t (pi. £tf\>rabiya-t) ; J*<* 

Hilt, s. *-M qab(Ja-t; u^* miq- 

ba<ji (pi. u**^ maqabid). 
Himself, proru &~ # naf su-hu. 
Hind, 5. Sty* gaziila-t. 
Hind, adj. ^^^ halfani-y ; ^j\# 

warani-y ; j*»*y" mu'ahhar. 
Hindebmo8T, Hindmost, adj. p£»\ 

Hindeb, v. j^fi *aq, ja'uq ; jf 

'awwaq, yu'awwiq ; £^» mana', 

yamna* ; a© sadd, yasadd. 
Hindrance, 8. gj^» mani* (pi. £>\^ 

niawani') ; foW* muuiana'a-t ; 

j^W 'Awiq (pi. v3*^ 'awayiq); 

Ju, sadd (pi. a\x«\ asdad). 
Hinge, 8. v>W^ j»W jArur al-bab. 
Hint, v. ^^ auma, yiimi ; J*>\ 

aiar, yusir ; yj ramaz, yarinuz. 
Hint, 8. ty*\ isara-t ; ^ wain' ; )<•) 

ramz ; 5y** gamza-t ; j\&\ iDzur. 
Hip, s. ^ wirk (pi. d\jy\ aurak). 
HirroDROME, 8. <^«*** niaidan, 

midan (pi. (^>»>W* mayadin). 
Hippopotamus, *. y&J\ t>^»- hisan 

al-bahr (pi. u-~* husun) ; O**;? 

Hire, v. (take on hire) ^7^ iktara, 

yaktari ; ^$^^\ ista,kra, yastakri ; 

^►U-^ ista'jar, yasta*jir. — (let on 

hire) ^/ kara, yakri ; ^/\ akra, 

yukri ; j*\ ajar, yujir. 
Hire, 8. \/ kira; fA ajr (pi. )fA 

ujur, jW\ ajar) ; SjM ajara-t. 
Hireling, s. (mercenary) J^«-« 

mubartal ; im ^ s y m murtasi. 
Hirsute, adj. *r>)\ azabb, f. ty 

zabba' (pi. s-»j zubb) ; j**>\ as'ar, 

f. y* sa'ra (pi.y^» ^u'r) ; ^V - * - * 

His, adj. » -hu, affixed to the noun 

(as <J^rf bet-hu, " his house ") ; 

AfiVs^ mata- 4 hu ; &J^» mal-hu ; *^ 

haqq-hu, &c. 
Hiss, 8. (whistling) y**~ safir ; cM* 

hafif. — (of derision) Sjyfc hazwa-t. 

— (of a snake) £**£ fahih. 
Hiss, v. (whistle) y^» safar, yasfir; 

«-Afe haff, yahtff. — (as a snake) 

C* fahh, yafuhh, yafihh. 
Historian, Historiographer, *. 

tfy mu'arrih ; ^>/^* s-^^* sahib 

Wrih (tarih); Q^\ ^s\S katib 

Historic, Historical, adj. ^-J* 

Historiography, 8. &)\fR *A^ 

kitabat at-tawarih. 
History, 8. £i)V> tarih (pi. ^i>V 

tawarih) ; 5^- sira-t (pi. ^e— 

siyar) ; p&> habar (pi. J*±\ ah- 

Histrionic, adj. ^^ss taqlidi-y. 
Hit, v. a. (strike) s-*/ 4 darab, y ad- 
rib, yadrub. — (hit the mark, &c.) 

Digitized by 





s-»^ asab, yusib; n. ^^S ta- 
§adam, yatasadam. 

Hit, s. (stroke) &*j* darba-t ; &••*-» 
sadma-t. — (chance) jto\ ittifaq. 

Hitch, s. (catch) «~jU*s* hu^taf (pi. 
t- ftgi Ug s . hatA^if). — (impediment) 
£>U mani' (pi. &\y* niawani'). 

Hither, adv. ^>Ia ^\ ila hfihuna. 

Hithermost, adj. v*/^ aqrab. 

Hitherto, adv. q$\ ^J\ ila al-an. 

Hive, s. J=* aJLs. haliyat nahl (pi. 
lj)U halaya) ; Js* \\f kuwarat 
nahl (pi. jSf kawayir) ; ^, 
jabh (pL &+\ ajbuh, cW^ aj- 

Hoar, Hoary, adj. (with age) s-*a^» 

Hoard, s. (store) &*y mu'na-t ; *>\) 
zad; *^j zawada-t. — (treasure) 
yS kanz (pi. )y* kunuz). 

Hoard, v. »u-o sammad, yusam- 

yakniz ; 
taf mid ; 


saib ; &«* 

mid ; y* kanaz, 

zahar, yazhar. 
Hoarding, s, 

Hoar-frost, s. y*> sirr. 

HOARINES8, s. S-*-g* 

Hoarse, adj. tj^*~ mabhuh ; &\ 

Hoax, s. s-»j*k* inal'iib (pi. s-***)^ 
mala'ib) ; &-»- hila-t. 

Hoax, v. s-»j*^* **1c s-<*l la'ab 'ale- 
fa i mal'ub, yal'ab ; &**■ *al* w-^ 
nasab ale-bi hila-t, yansub. 

Hobby, s. (favourite pursuit) &-■*. 

Hobgoblin, s. { y^ jinni-y. 

Hob, $. **^* mijrafa-t (pi. *-*^* 
ma jar if) ; y marr. 

Hoe, v. «-*;* jaraf, yajjruf; { y ) 
i^j& rama al-ard, yarmi. 

Hoo, a. j>y*- hinzir, hanzir (pi. 
^>jU^ hanazir). 

Hoooish, adj. <£ff±> hinziri-y. 

Hogshead, s. (cask) J~»;* barmil 
(pi. J^*V baramil). 

Hoist, v. £•> rafa', yarfa'; s— * 
nasab, yansub. 

Hold, v. (grasp) <ft^~* masak, yam- 
gik, yamsuk ; v> u** 5 qaba4 bi, 

yaqbid. — (detain) «-Aij waqqaf, 
yuwaqqif. — (contain) g~j wasi', 
yasa' ; ^5^- hawa, yahwi ; ^f^ 
<J& ihtawa *ala, yahtawi; ^ : y^^S 
tadamman, yatadamman; v }Ua\ 
^-1* istamal 'ala, ya^tamil. — 
(hold an opinion) s *-- * hasib, 

Hold, s. (grasp) & £~~» maska-t. — 
(influence) j&*b ta'sir ; SjJtf qud- 
ra-t. — (of a ship) s-^*tt ^ hinn 
(hunn) al-markab. 

Hole, s. s-*> saqb (pi. v>y$ suqub) ; 
&*& §aqba-t (pi. s-**> suqab) ; 
&*&. buhsa-t (pi. J^yfc! buhus). — 
(in a dress) j/» harq (pi. &)f* 
huruq). — (in the ground) ljt± 
hufra-t (pi. /** hufar). 

Holiday, s. (feast) *x*e 'id (pi. 
*>W a'yad) ; •M* fj> yom (yaum) 
'id (pi. fb\ ayyam). — (vacation) 
flU* ba^ala-t ; tV fir ^g. 

Holiness, s. JLUi qadasa-t; Sj^L 

Hollow, adj. <*JfA ajwaf ; «^^» 
mujawwaf ; £ju farig ; ^U fa^ii. 
— (not sincere) jot© ^ gair 

Hollow, v. «~Jj* jawwaf, yujaw- 
wif ; /»- hafar, yahfir ; c^i 
fahat, yafhat. 

Hollowness, s. (cavity) *>Jy+ jauf ; 

f± hulii-w; tjf* jura-t. — (per- 

fidy) &j±t gadra-t ; ^W^ hiyana-t. 

Holocaust, *. X&j*" muhraqa-t; 
&*^a 4ahiya-t (pi. ^^* 4ahaya). 

Holy, adj. <j~>*i qaddis; y-J^ 
muqaddas; J^ wali-y (pi. VJ.^ 
auliya'). — (pure) y^^» \ahxr (pi. 
j\&\ athar). 

Homage, «. &-1AU i^a'a-t ; ^/o.^ 
ihtiram ; J**« taqbil ; ^/\ ik- 

Home, s. (dwelling) ^VX* makan; 
^w» maskan (pi. ^U-^ masa- 
kin) ; (•U^ maqam ; ^>^ bait ; 
J^^ mahall. — (native place) ^« 
watan (pi. (jjU,^ autan) ; Si^ ^^ 
ard milad. 

Homeliness, s. (familiarity) J3*> 
dalal; &~ i\ unsa-t; &-i\ , y« mu'- 

Digitized by 





anasa-t. — (plainness) £*U* ba- 
. £a'a-t; ^-J qubh. 
Homely, adj. (familiar) (j~*Vy 

mu'anis. — (ugly) J*u*\ g^ basi' 

al-manzar; <j^ wahi$ ; £«S 

J**+*\ qabih al-inanzar. 
Homeward, adv. &*t* J\ ila bait- 

hu ; fi^ J\ ila balad-hu. 
Homicidal, ad;. JUi qattal; *)U- 

Homicide, *. (murder) J*i qatl. — 

(murderer) J?U qatil (pi. JUi 

quttal) ; JUi qattal. 
Homilist, s. ±c\) wa'ig (ql. Ue, 

wu"az) ; j;^ kariz ; j^l* kariiz. 
Homilt, a. &cj wa'za-t; &e.* 

mau'iza-t (pi. K^y mawa'iz); 

j/ karz. 
Homogeneous, adj. J^\j (j-u* ^ 

min jins wahid; s-*-U* muna- 

sib ; tj-Jl^s* mutajanis. 
Homogeneousness, *. **-L* mu- 

nasaba-t ; &~Jlq»* mujanasa-t. 
Homologous, adj. <3*V* muwafiq ; 

iJfcU** mutabiq. 
Honest, ad/. ^U salih; ^ her, 

hair (pi. ; L^ hijar, j^\ ahyar) ; 

jpU sadiq ; ** burr ; i $~A amin. 
Honesty, s. t** salali ; jju> gadq ; 

u^Hhla?; ^•V&^ristiqama-t. 
Honey, s. J~xs 'asal ; s^* darab. 
Honeycomb, s. j^ sahd (pi. oV^ 

Honey-moon, «. q^JA ufruwan. 
Honour, s. (esteem, dignity) J^ 

jalal; iy* 4 izza-t; u^ saraf; 

jlf£s\ i'tibar; &*i* <uzma*t. — 

(reputation) ^f <ird, 'urd (pi. 

u*V*t a'ra^; ^-^U namus (pi. 

tj~**\f nawamis) ; **•]** hurma-t. 

— (chastity) £_Ac 'iffa-t ; «~J^* 

'afaf. — (proper spirit) *j-ek 

gaira-t, gira-t (pi. pA giyar) ; 

**fc himma-t. 
Honoub, v. yc\ a'azz, yu'izz ; r /\ 

akram, yukrim; u^ sarraf, yu- 

Sarrif ; pf*.\ ihtaram, yahtarim. 
Honourable, adj. j^^^\ ' ,^*^~* 

mustahiqq al-i'tabar; p*** mu'- 

tabar ; ?/- mukram ; ^j/ karim 

(pi. U/l akrima, r \f kiram). 

Honourableness, a.^W^ i'tibar; 

Sy 'izza-t ; &*\/ karama-t ; &*>j* 

Honorary, adj. ^^ 3arafi-y; 

(j*\^ ikrami-j. — {honorary dress) 

fcO*. hala'a-t (pi. £U hila<). 
Hood, *. £*i qub' ; jty tar^ur (pi. 

yJAJ* taratfr) ; (+*& iskim. 
Hoodwink, v. (bind the eyes) s-*c 

***** 'asab 'aine-hi, ya'sib. — 

(deceive) £•*** hada', yahda'. 
Hoof, a. y^ hafir (pi. jfij*. hawa- 

fir); J** na*l (pi. JUi ni'al).— 

(cZoren) UUL z ilf, zulf (pi. ^OM 

aglaf). — (0/ a camel) «-^ hiff, 

huff (pi. ^^\ ahfaf). 
Hooped, ad/. y\j*- ^»> zu hawafir, 

Hook, «. v»^ kullab (pL s-J^ 

kalalib); i)^ kallaba-t; ^iU«s. 

huUaf (pi. U^\^ hatatif).— 

(sickle) J*^» minjal (pi. J^U^ 

i.ianajil) ; JU»&« miqsal (pi. Ja*^» 

Hoop, s. &&*> halqa-t (pi. «yvfiL. ha- 

laqat, v3^ halaq, haliq, hilaq). — 

(of a cask) ijti* ^ara-t. 

Hoop, v. S**f^ ^b^ J 4 ^ <an1 ^ 

tarat li-U-barmil, ya'mai. 
Hooping-cough, s. ^^ JU- su'al 

Hop, v. (skip) yaij raqa^, yarqu?. — 

(limp) sf 'araj, ya*raj. 
Hop, s. &)Ai qaf za-t ; <joij raqs. — 

(plant) jUj^ & A s ~* .a hasisat ad- 
Hope, Hopefulness, a. J*\ ami 

(pi. JW dmal) ; W-j raja' ; S^^ 

rajwa-t; giy tawaqqu 4 ; jk&\ 

Hope, v. W-j raja, yarju ; ^j^/ ta- 

rajja, yatarajja; J--»\ amal, 

Hopeful, adj. J-**^ mu'amniil ; 

L&h r ^Ji J o'fr^ mutarajji. 
Hopeless, adj. (despairing) £^ 

Wy^ qfyi' ar-rajiV; ^-^^Umayiis; 

^>yi qanu^. 
Hopelessness, s. £e~ji*U ma'yusi- 

ya-t ; u*^ iyas ; tyii qunu^. 
Hopper, «. (funnel in a mill) ^^oU 

Digitized by 





Ctt^art qadus at-tahun (pi. ^ J\j* 

Horde, 8. &«S qabila-t (pi. J*\*S 

Horizon, 8. &\ ufq (pi. jltf 

afaq) ; 0^ hafiq. 
Horizontal, ad/, ^atf ufuqi-y ; 

^j* 'ardi-y ; W~* basi*. 
Horn, «. <^ qarn (pi. <^i qurftn). 
Horned, adj. <#y <0 lahu qurun ; 

o^ muqarna. 
Horny, o^/. Jjji qaroi-y. 
Horologe, 8. AcU sa'a-t. 
Horoscope, 8. gJU» ^ a li* (pi. gN^L* 

Hawaii 4 ) ; ^r najm (pi. ^ 

Horrible, Horrific, Horrid, 

adj. J*Va hajil ; J^ inahM ; &i/ 

karih ; ftj^- makruh ; g~u> iani'. 
Horribleness, HORRIDNE88, 8. 

&U* sana'a-t. 
Horrify, t?. JU hal, yahM; Jy& 

bawwal, yuhawwil. 
Horror, s. ij->j*±i qusa'rira-t; 

)\f*&3\ iq&'rar ; l&\f karahiya-t ; 

Jy* haul (pi. jy\ ahwal).. 
Horse, 8. J*l hail (pi. J^ huyul, 

JW^\ ahyal). — (stallion) ^Uw 

lpsan, husan (pi. &j**.\ ahsina-t). 

— (mare) <j*ji faras; &-y fara- 

sa-t ; S^o* hijra-t. — (gelding) 

\>j-*»* q)\**> fcisan mutawwas' 

(o*^* nia^i-y); ,J->^ kadis' 

(pL ^»^ kuds, kids, kidis.— 
(cavalry) J-^ hail, hel. — (sup- 
porter) «^-£* taht (pi. «y*_** 
tuhiit); &JUu saqala-t. 
Horseback, adj. (mounted on) s-^j 
rakib ; v>y>> rakub ; ^jU f aris. 

HORSB- BREAKER, 8. (jHtU Siiyis (pi. 

^^•V-^ siyas) ; (^UJ\ ,»1a* mu- 
'allim al-hisan. 
Horse-dealer, s. J<a £\<a bayya' 

Horse- doctor, Horse-leech, 8. 

jVLeJ baitar (pi. SJ.1^ bayatfra-t). 
Horseman, #. ^U fans (pi. ^^ 

fawaris, (^Uy fursan) ; J^ hay- 

jal (pi. a^ ^ayyaia-t). 
Horsemanship, 0. flje*- hiyula-t; 

l t .»* f urusiya-t. 

Horse-race, -racing, s. &?Lm» 

(J*^) musabaqa-t (al-hail). 
Horse-radish, 8. jW J^4 f u jl Mrr ; 

^ U^ hidaman. 
Horse-bhoe, s. gU^H J*j na q a i. 

Hortation, 8. ^ wa'aza-t ; &cy« 

mau'iga-t (pi. k*\y mawa'ig). 
Hortative, Hortatory, adj. jJu* 

munzir (pi. ;JL* manazir); keU 

Horticulture, 8. ^U^^ £+**» hid- 

mat al-janayin. 
Hose, s. v>;j* jaurab, jurab (pi. 

V>V jawarib) ; **^ jaraba-t. 
Hosier, s. «^^ £W* bayya' jara- 

Hospitable, arf/. ^W^ midyaf; 

«-&*-^ mucjif ; c-MJ^ f»yU mukrim , 



&W-* diyafa-t ; ^ i'wa, iwa. 

Hospital, 8. ^^^ c^ bait ai- 
marda; \^\ ; U dar ai-iafa; 
^U^U->j bimaristan (vulg. maris- 
tan, Per8.) ; a>Ul U& ^afa hana-h). 

Host, 8. (entertainer) c-A^j^-mudif ; 
SysaJ^ v^^> ?ahib ad-da'wa-t (pi. 
s>^*^ af hab).— (landlord) s-*A- 
^-^ sahib madyafa-t ; ^U. s-^^> 
fdhib feaii; ^U. hanji (pi. 
^r^- hanjiya-t) ; i^y^ man- 
zilji.— (arwy) ^^^ jais, jes (pi. 
d^r* J u Jus) ; ^ jund, jand (pi. 
*y* junud, oU^\ ajnad).— (witt^- 
titude) £W jumla-t. — (conse- 
crated wafer) &~*8* &\)j> qur- 
bana-t muqaddasa-t ; I ^^3 
zabiha-t ; i>la^ barsana-t. 

Hostage, 8. U**j rahina-t (pi. 
ei^ rahayin); q*j rahn (pi. 
t;y^ ruhun). 

Hostel, Hostelry, Hotel, 8. jW 
^\ dar al-guraba ; Jy^ manzil 
(pi. JjU^ manazil) ; q\± han (pi. 
«^^W tdnat); Utfp lokanda; 
^V^ wakala-t. 

Hostile, adj. ^ac 'adawiy ; ^j^ 

Hostility, s. S^oc 'adawa-t ; ^ac 





'udwan ; s-»j*- harb. — (hostilities) 

oWU« mu'adat. 
Hostler, s. v~i\~ sayis (pi. <j*W~ 

Hot, adj. ^^ hami ; jW harr; 

0— at- suhn. — (pungent) J** 

harr. — (hot-tempered) £f» harir. 

— (lascivious) ^jQ* sahwani-y ; 

«jh*^ fasiq. 
Hotel, s. j*^i funduq (pi. jSm 

fanadiq). See Hostel. 
Hotness, s. tyf* harara-t ; ^ harr ; 

v»^» saub, sob ; &Vat~. sahana-t. 
Hough, s. Z*k\*> dagisa-t. 
Hough, v. l*t\d\ £* qa$a* ad- 

dagisa-t, yaqta'. 
Hound, s. ^$<^* s-J^ kalb saidi-y 

(pi. A»Ju-s v>^ kilab saidiya-t) ; 

^iyu suluqi (pi. My- suluqi- 

Hour, s. &*\~ sa'a-t. 
Hourly, adv. &*\~ J* kull sa'a-t. 
House, s. o** bait, bet (pi. «yj*» 

buyut) ; jW dar (pl.j^ J diyar). — 

(^winter house) ^y^* masta. — 

(summer house) &f marba* (pi. 

gfty inarabi*)* — (family) **~~* 

nasab (pi. v>^~^ ansab) ; J~~* 

nasi (pi. Jt~>\ ansal). 
House, v. j£- sakkan, yusakkin ; 

Jy\ anzal, yunzil. 
Household, s. J*t abl (pi. JW 

ahali, J^ al) ; &*J\ J*\ alii al- 

bait ; &*fi 'aila-t ; JW* 'iyal (pi. 

«ySUc 'iyalat). 
Householder, s. «-*** ^ zu bait. 
Houseless, ad/. «^^ aJ U ma lahu 

Housemaid, s. WAt haddama-t. 
Housewife, s. Ja\ ahl ; J** 'ayyil 

(pi. &*^ a'yila-t, JiW* 'ayayil). 
Housings, a. JV jilal; u^- bUs 

(pi. o*jk- hulus, (j-W ahlas) ; 

a**^ tarraha-t; «^j raht (pi. 

«t>y^ ruhut). 
Hovel, «. c/ kuh (pi. &fl akwah, 

^W** kihan) ; j*** buss (pi. <j<»^«^ 

Hover, v. ^ ham, yahum. 
How, adv. (in what manner) «-&*£ 

kaif, kef ; ^j\ anna ; ^ azai-y, 

^$\j\ aza-y. — (t» tt?faif degree or 
extent) )<& <J>i\ es qadr. — (how 
many, how much) ^ kam. 

Howbeit, con}. \±*> £* ma 4 baza ; 
t«\ amma. 

However, cow/. «^ £* ina' zalik ; 
^ lakin ; ^j walakin. — (t» 
whatever manner) Ua*S kaifama; 
q\Z ±JlS kaif kiln. 

Howitzer, s. yju* bawun (pi. q\j*\ 

Howl, «. \j* 'uwa ; &y* 'awiya-t. 

Howl, v. ^y* 'awa, ya'wi ; 'awwa, 

Huddle, v. (bring into confusion) 
la^s* harbat, yubarbit. — (do any- 
thing precipitately) J*A* 'ajal, 

Huddle, s. (disordered crowd) *+*») 
zahma-t; fWjj\ izdiham. 

Hue, s. (colour) q£ laun, Ion (pL 
q\J\ alwan). — (dye) £W* sibag. — 
(clamour) l>\** *iyat ; A*^ sarha-t. 

Hug, s. q\**A ihtidan ; Afi»V** mu- 

Hug, v. t3*Vc *anaq, yu'aniq ; ^^.^ 
ihtadan, yadtadin; *;Ju> J\ p* 
damm ila sadr-bu, yadumm. 

Huge, adj. ^-Js* 'azim (pi. f>V*z 
'izam, Uloc 'uzama) ; y#J kabir 
(pi. jW^ kibilr, kubar) ; J>^» tawil 
(pi. JV* tiwal). 

Hugeness, a. A^L-9. jasama-t. 

Hulk, Hull, s. s-^J^ ^> jirm al- 
markab (pi. ^ jurum, ^5^ 
juriim, f\fiS ajram). 

Hull, s. (shell) j&* qisr (pi. )y±* 

Hum, 8. I)))) wazwaza-t. 

Hum, v. ft)) wazwaz, yuwazwiz. 

Human, adj. ^rM baiari ; ^V— h\ 

Humanity, s. (the human race) 
(j~*\ ins ; <j*^\ an-nas ; ^*>\ ^i 
bani ad am. — (human nature) 
&j\~J$\ &*#Jc&\ a^-tabi*a-t al-insani- 
ya-t ; hr** basariya-t. — (bene- 
volence) 4«iL-j\ insaniya-t; *a>j—\» 

Humane, adj. ijy*^ nasuti-j ; 
<j{>~i\ in8ani-y ; ^J^ haliin (pi- 

Digitized by 



Ulo> hulama, jJb*\ ahlam) ; ^j 
rahim; «3j**» safuq. 

HuMANISATION, 8. <j~j\* ta'niS ; 

u*^ inas. 
Humanise, v. v~*\ annas, yu'annis ; 
v~*\ anas, yunis ; ^ layyan, 
Humble, adj. &>\f" mutawadi' ; 
£*U. hadi* ; pP*- haqir (speaking 
of one's own person). 
Humble, Humiliate, v. JJ*> zallal, 
yuzallil ; J^ azall, yuzill; ^ 
wadda*, yuwaddi' ; £-2>\j wada', 
yuwadi*. — {humble one's self) g&f 
tawadda*, yatawadda'; JJA> ta- 
zallal, yatazallal. 
Humbleness, Humility, s. £j^ 
hudii' ; fr*&\ inhida' ; £*\y ta- 
Humbug, s.jAJ fagar ; £>y- hirata-t. 
Humiliation, 8. J3 zull; JJjtf 
tazlil ; J3^ izlal.— (self-humilia- 
tion) ^j^J tabrih. See Humble- 
Humour, s. (moisture) &*fo rutii- 
ba-t. — (temper) $\y mizaj (pi. 
*<y\ ainzija-t) ; jL>\± ha^ir (pi. 
jr&jp- hawatir); v*^- masrab 
(pi. s^^_ niasarib) ; JoU hiit. — 
(caprice) S^*) zan^ara-t. — (in 
good humour) <JU&i* mutakayyif ; 
«-*** <>* <ala kaif. — (in bad 
humour) ^LJtt faqsan. — (witty 
disposition) Jjfc liazl. 
Humour, v. &U» tawaS yutawi' ; 
•^ *:<J* o^b ™ <a 'ala hatir-hu, 
yura'ij oUtf ta'allaf, yata'allaf. 
Humourist, «., Humourous, adj. 

(^afe— ^ mushin ; t)^* mazih. 
Humourousness, 8. «ri lW tf tad- 

hiq ; csJV^i\ idhak. 
Humoubsome, adj. y^y muzan^ir ; 

^y* hawayi-y. 
Hump, Hunch, s. 2*>*&- hadaba-t 
(pi. *^-»oa. hadab) ; s-ui qatab (pi. 
*r*^^ aqtab). — (of a camel) fU~ 
sanani (pi. &->-\ asmina-t). 
Humpback, Hunchback, s. s->**^ 
4 ahdab, f. \****> b a( iba (pi. s->**°- 
budb) ; s-tf f\ abd qatab ; $\ 
t£;-A-s*e abu sanduq. 



Hundred, «., Hundredth, ad/. 

&U maya-t. 
Hundredweight, s. jUatf qan^ar 

(pi. ^jLUi qanatir). 
Hunger, *. £^ j ix' ; ic^. maiiVa-t ; 

&*4±. hamsa-t; a^— *fc j-*\ abu 

Hunger, v. gW ja', yaja'. — (Zcmgr 

/or) <J\ gW j a ' ila, yaja*. 
Hungry, adj. (jU^ ji'an; ^Vc^ 

ju'an ; g*W jayi' (pi. £W jiya,' 

£y* juwwa'). 
Hunt, s. ±~° said ; you qans. 
Hunt, v. %>U sad, yasid ; Ju-> ta- 

sayyad, yatasayyad ; *>\Lc\ istad, 

yasta3 ; j^-ii qanas, yaqnis ; 

u ou*\ iqtanas, yaqtanis. 
Hunter, s. *>W-o sayyad, f. S a-t. 
Hurdle, s. s^j zarb (pi. v^; 

Hurl, v. ^iAa» hazaf, yahzif ; ^^ 

rama, yarnii. 
Hurricane, s. Sju>\^ 'asifa-t (pi. 

Uu>\y* *awasif ) ; ^j zauba'a-t 

(pi. e?^j zawabi*). 
Hurriedness, s. J^ s *£~^ isti'jal. 
Hurry, s. ^-^ 'ajala-t; Z-Zy- 

Hurry, v.a. J^c ^ajjal, yu'ajjil; 

J^c^ a'jal, yu'jil; J^*^-\ ista'- 

jal, yasta'jil; n. £ ; -~ \ asra', 

yusri*; J**£^ ista'jal, yasta*jil. 
Hurt, s. t^ jarh (pi. t;^ juruh, 

t^fA ajrah) ; ly^» madarra-t ; ^ 

Hurt, v. tf* jarah, yajrah; ^ 

darr,yadurr; ^ J\ azza, yu'azzi ; 

v5^ aza, yuzi ; ^^ ailam, yu'al- 

Hurtful, adj. ?&• mudirr. 
Hurtpulness, 8. S^ madarra-t. 
Husband, s. t)\ zoj, zauj, vulg. )^ 

joz (pi. s\$\ azwaj); J»? ba'l 

(pi. JU? bi'al, Jytj bu^iil). 
Husband, v. (economise) fr waffar, 

yuwaffir ; ±**>\ iqtasad, yaqtasid. 

— (cultivate the ground) yj>^\ ^j^ 

hadara al-ard, yahdum. 
Husbandman, s. t^ fallah; ^> ; U 

baris (pi. *±Af* ljurrag). 

Digitized by 





Husbandry, «. &-*$* falahat. — 

(economy) j<±f taufir; *aJL^»\ im- 

Hush, interj. o£-\ uskut ; A* 

Hush, v. ss+£~ sakkat, yusakkit; 

^jufc bad an, yabdin ; baddan, yu- 

Husk, a. y*3 qisr (pi. jy*3 qusur). 
Husk, v. y** qa^sar, yuqasslr. 
Huskiness, 8. (hoarseness) &*; bab- 

Husky, adj. r*3 ^ zu qis>; p& 

yustt qasir al-qisr. 
Hustings, 8. ( platform) j*** mim- 

bar (pi. y^manabir). 
Hustle, v. f»\) zaham, yuzabim. 
Hut, 8. tf tub, kob (pi. t^ ak- 

wah, <J*k*£ kihan); ^*» buss, 

hiss (pi. u©^^^ ahsfis). 
Hutch, 8. <3jJ^ sanduq (pi. tjfc«>U« 

san ad iq). 
Hydra, 8. Ul\ &*** hayya-t al-ma. 
Hydraulics, 8. UJ\ gij ^ji fan raf 

al-ma; V^i^ j fiL-J\ ^- ^Jc <ilm 

sair al-miyab wa wuquf-ha. 
Hydrocele, s. &*** qali^a-t. 
Hydrophobia, 8. s-J^ kalab. 
Hyena, 8. £--* dab, dabu' (pi. gW^ 

Hymen, 8. {membrane) h)£*& s-»W°* 

hijab al-bukuriya-t. 
Hymeneal, adj. o - ^ 'arusi-y. 
Hymeneal, 8. ^-j^ *t«^ ugniyat 


Hymn, s. &*>• madiha-t (pi. &\±* 

Hyperbola, s. *\tVyJX £&\ al-qat* az- 

Hyperbole, «. £*JW* inubalaga-t; 

,**&*» ta'zim. 
Hyperbolical, adj. ^W^ mubalig ; 

AA3V--JS li-'l-mubalaga-t ; o+J** 

Hypercritic, *. Hypercritical, 

adj. ,3^ daqqaq ; £*UU c^&<« mu- 

nakkit li-'l-gaya-t. 
Hypochondriacal, adj. <^ J J— 

Hypochondrium, 8. e>**y* mara- 

qen (du.) ; f>\^ hawasir (pi. of 

iyW ha§ira-t). 
Hypocrisy, s. Vi> riya ; Slj^ niura- 

ya-t ; jto nifaq ; &UL* munafa- 

qa-t ; j;j zarq (Per 8.) . 
Hypocrite, e. <3iU* munafiq ; o*V* 

murayi ; V^ s-*^^> sahib riya. 
Hypocritical, adj. yJ*\±" muda- 

bin ; J*^* muhil. 
Hypotenuse, 8. & qutr fpl. &&\ 

Hypothec, 8. 

Hypothesis, *. u-W* qiyas ; ub\f*\ 

iftirad ; &~*j» fardiya-t. 
Hypothetical, adj. ^V^ l ^' 

radi-y ; ^^ fara^i-y ; o-** 5 V- 

Hyssop, a. <j~}\a Vijj zaufa (zufa) 


a. p qu^r (pi. ; 
<^*j rabn (pi 



I, pron. \i\ ana. 

Iambic, «. £f+v* ^ watad maj- 

Ibex, a. J*« wa'l (pi. J*j wu'ul, 

J^ au'al). 
Ibis, 8. <jlfiJ laqlaq (pi. <jP^* laqa- 

Ice, «. *VeW jalid ; ^ galj ; y$ buz 

Ichneumon, 0. <j~+i nims, name ; 

nimsa-t, namsa-t (pi. <j~y+* 

namus) ; j^j zaqzaq. 
Idea, «. j^>> tasawwur (pi. **Ajy*5 

ta?awwura-t) ; JW biyal (pi. 

&6*\ ahyila-t) ; ^ wabra (pi. 

p\J*)\ aubam). — (prototype) JVA« 

misal (pi. &*+\ amsila-t, vj^^* 

Ideal, adj. JW^ hiyali-y; ts^^-5 

taswiri-y ; jy*+ mutasawwar. 

Digitized by 





Identical, adj. (selfsame) 43\b 
bizatihi. — (not different) J*>^ 
wahid ; j^i* muttahid. 

Identification, *. vjk*** tahqiq. 

Identify, v. (combine) ^\ itta- 
had, yattahid. — (ascertain) <jfa* 
haqqaq, yuhaqqiq. 

Identity, s. *>M ittihad. 

Idiom, *. &*& luga-t (pi. «t>UJ lugat, 
Vjti lugun, ^ lugan) ; ^ rf* 
$arz kalam ; t^*°\ istilalju 

Idiomatical, adj. ^^ lugawi-y. 

Idiot, s., Idiotic, adj. J**N *-****- 
sahif al-'aql; xi^ balid; s^***" 
majdub ; *M a blah. 

Idiotcy, Idiotism, 8. J*»tt &l^- 
sahafat al-'aql ; 2^ balada-t. 

Idle, adj. y Idles, s. (lazy, unoc- 
cupied) q)%~£ kaslaa (pi. ^— ^ 
kasla, J^— * kasala) ; ^f" mu- 
tawani ; J*te gafii ; Jl<**« mut a- 
'attfl. — (fHvolous) JU* ba^l.— 
(unprofitable) g*Vi ^ gair nafi'. 

Idle, r. J-* kasil, yaksal ; J-^» 
takasal, yatakasal ; J^s ta'attal, 

Idleness, s. J—£ kasal; ^\f ta- 
wani ; aJVLj ba(ala-t. 

Idler, «. see Idle, adj. 

Idol, «. 

sanam (pi. f\**\ 

a$nam) ; ^ wagan (pi. ^^ 

Idolater, a. fU*$\ jkjic 'abid al- 

aanaui (pi. 5a*c 'abada-t, *>We 

4 bad) ; f ^-# *>W* 'abbad sanam 

(pi. & -in) ; ^j wasani-y. 
Idolatry, s. fU*& SjUc 'ibadat 

Idolise, v. (adore) .*** 'abad, 

ya'bud. — (love passionately) f>\* 

ham, yahim. 
If, conj. q\ in ; qj& q\ in kan ; ^ 

lau ; \S\ iza with pret. — (if not) 

f} q\ in lam, with aor. 
Igneous, adj. ijfi nari-y. 
Ignite, v. a. j^\ aljraq, yuhriq; 

<*i)\ auqad, yuqid ; n. jf* taljar- 

raq, yata^arraq; ^ waqad, ya- 

qid ; J**^ ista'al, yasta'il. 
Ionition, s. JUa*\ iati'al; &\f*\ 


Ignoble, adj. <j**> dani-y ; 

hasis (pi. ^-U-a. hisas, ^— *\ 

ahissa) ; J»^\ arzal (pi. g^t 

arzaliin, arzalin, J^ arazil); 

jtfr* ^aqir. 
Ionobleness, 8. &-U*. hasasa-t; 

AlUj razala-t. 
Ignominious, adj. ry^ fadi^i ; £-** 

mufdih ; vj©** nia'yub. 
Ignominy, 8. s-*a* 'aib (pi. s^j** 

'uyub) ; > « ft r; *^*a* fa^ifca-t. 
Ignoramus, Ignorant, s. J*W 

jahil (pi. J«^ juhl, J^ juhhal) ; 

Jj«* jahul (pi. ^ iuhala). 
Ignorance, s. Je*» iahl ; &\*+ jaha- 

la-t; y^ jahuhva-t. 
Ignore, v. Je* jahil, yajhal ; J^Ur 

tajahal, yatajahal. — (pass over) 

t^c saS~ sakat 4 an, yaskut ; «&>U 

(^c fat 'an, yafut. 
Ill, adj. (bad) ytj* Sarir (pl.j^ 

airar, \^\ aiirra) ; j- sau, su; 

v5^j rada (pi. V^ ardiya). — («cA;) 

gAir* mari4 (pL o*/ - niarija) ; 

jji 'alii ; ^Vt>« 'ayyan. 
Ill, s. £> sarr (pi. ^ ^urur) ; i«AU 

dahiya-t (pi. ^j*W dawahi). 
Ill-bred, oS/. s^*>^ ^^ 'adim al- 

Illegal, adj. ^ «>^ gair $ar'i-y. 
Illegality, s. g^Ail .^JU hil4f as- 

^ar c ; l»iyA^\ xt <Judd ai-sari'a-t. 
Illegible, adj. o^ ^ la yanqari. 
Illegitimacy, «. ^Oj J-\ asl 

Illegitimate, adj. (Aj^\ &\ ibn 

al-^iaram ; Uj 
j^Jui banduq 

( P i. 




S^. buhala) ; C ^U aa^ih ; 

hasis (pi. ^U^. hisas, 

Illiberality, 8. J*». buhl, bahal ; 

i-- *. hissa-t ; i-L-^. hasasa-t. 
Illicit, ac?;*. ^\^ l?arara ; f^-^* 

mahram ; ^j** mal^rum ; £f+* 

mamnu 4 . 
Illimitable, adj. «>**> S la yuhad- 

dad (3 aor. pass, n.) ; ojl^.^ 

gair mu^addad. 


od/. J***, bahil (pi. 

Digitized by 





Illiterate, adj. s-^-t^ yt* gair 

adib (pi. W^ udaba). 
Illitekateness, 0. &tAjA\ f**c 'adam 

Ill-luce, *. W^ j~ su al-hazz- 
Ill-natured, oe?/. gJJ^ v5 J ; radi-y 

Illness, *. u*y mard (pi. *>V^ 

amrad) ; &* 'illa-t (pi. Ji* 4 ilal) ; 

W da* ; s— ; wasab (pi. v»^ 

Illogical, ad;. 0^°*^^ ^V *-^^* 

muhalif qawa'id al-manjiq; ye± 

^filft^ gair niantiqi-y. 
Illogicality, *. jWtt w*!U fcilaf 

Ill-timed, adj. &**$ j*a ^ fi gair 

Illude, v. £J*» hada', yahda* ; J**» 

hatal, yahtul. 
Illuminate, Illumine, v.rf naw- 

war, yunawwir ; &ji auqad, y(i- 

qid. — (adorn with colours or pic- 
tures) <J*& naqas, yanqas ; naq- 

qas, yunaqqis. 
Illumination, s. S°t*\ i<Ja'a-t ; W* 

<Jiya ; jtys tanwir ; to; waqda-t ; 

•Mj waqid. 
Illusion, *. J^* hiyal (pi. *W 

ahyila-t); ^ wahm (pi. f\*)\ 

Illusive, Illusory, adj. ^J^ 

hiyali-y ; ^^^ wahmi-y. 
Illustrate, v. (explain) y~* fassar, 

yufassir ; ^ wa<J<}ah, yuwacjcjih ; 

<£-** bayyan, yubayyin ; j-e* 

'abbar, yu'abbir. 
Illustration, s. j*~tf taf sir ; j*t*5 

ta'bir ; e**j> tau<Jik« — (by picture 

or diagram) jif* taawir (pi. ^U? 

tasawir); J& niqs* (pi. Ji*fi 

Illustrative, adj. v^;*-** tafsfri-y ; 

j*** mu'abbir ; {$**• mubayyin. 
Illustrious, adj. Ufy* sarif (pi. 

+J\j*\ asraf, U/. surafa) ; ; j*a* 

mashur (pi. «a^» masahir) ; 

JJ* jalil (pi. M ajilla, *M 

ajilla-t) ; e^**** inamdiib. 
Image, *. fyj* sura-t (pi. ;r* 8Uwar ) » 

fly* taewir (pi. ^jW tasawir) ; 

b)k\ aiqftna-t (chow) ; cr** niqs' 

(pi. J^ya nuqils). 
Image, v. >y sawwar, yusawwir. 
Imagery, s. $.y* taswir. — (vivid 

description) «-A-»j wasf; «-A$-oj> 

Imaginary, adj. <J\t± hiyali-y; 

iJttA* tahyili-y ; ^^j wahmi-y. 
Imagination, s. JW*> hiyal ; J**** 

tahyil ; &eafc* Sj* quwwa-t mu- 

Imaginative, adj. Je*^ muta- 

Imagine, v. )y* tasawwar, yata- 

sawwar ; ^ waham, yahim ; 

J J*** tahayyal li, yatahayyal 

(impers.) ; q± zann, yazunn. 
Imbecile, adj. (weak) y*\* 'ajiz 

(pi. yAf 'awajiz); ye+* 'ajiz ; 

^)^c ajzan. — (stupid) <3**^ ah- 

maq, f. ^U*- hamqa (pi. <3*^ 

bumuq, jU^ him&q, &c.) ; *k\ 

ablah, f . ^ balha (pi. *k bulh) ; 

J,l« bahlM (pi. JJ^ bahalil). 
Imbecility, *. y+* 'ajz, 'ajaz ; &W 

hamaqa-t; S^ balada-t; &«W 

Imbibe, t?. ^o^ mass, yamuss ; &>) 

rada', yarcja ; vy*» sarab, yasrib ; 

vy** taiarrab, yatasarrab. 
Imbitteb, v. jy marrar, yumarrir ; 

y\ amarr, yumirr. — (make ti»- 

happy) Vafc ^aqa, yasqA ; { J*\ 

aiqa, yusqi. 
Imbrue, v. J* ball, yabull; JW 

ballal, yuballil. 
Imbue, v. ^^t gajas, yagtis ; fr~ 

sabag, yasbug, yasbig. 
Imitate, v. (follow) v» J^* tamaf- 

sal bi, yatamaggai ; v» ^j^i\ iq- 

tada bi, yaqtadi. — (counterfeit) 

& qallad, yuqallid. 
Imitation, s. J^UJ tamassul ; ^osi\ 

iqtida; J^» taqlid. 
Imitative, adj. vi*^ taqlidi-y. 
Immaculate, adj. y**** ^ Radr 

munaddas; u*ul\ &• f£\~ salitn 

min ad-danaa; f& ^ahir (pi. 

jWH athar, ^^ tahara) ; jb 

naqi-y (pi. \& niq&, \j* naqw4, 

W) anqiya). 

Digitized by 





IMMATERIAL, adj. o*J** 7** g*** 

bayull-y ; ^U ^ gair niaddi-y. 

— [unimportant) (*+ p£ gair mu- 

Immateriality, 8. S»>UN ^ *>/p 

tajarrad 'an al-madda-t (<$-* 

juI^ 'an al-jasad) ; ^5^* ^ 
. gair hayulaniya-t. 
Immature, adj. <jy3~* ye* gair mus- 

tawi ; ^ fajj. 
Immaturenbss, Immaturity, 8. 

\ys~l\ j^xc 'adam al-istiwa. 
Immeasurable, adj. ^W* ^ bi-la 

qiyas ; Jb. <tf U ma la-hu hadd. 
Immediate, adj. JU fcali-y ; j*^ 

Immediately, adv. JVJ\ ^ fi-'l- 

hal ; JUN &U * fl sa'at al-hal ; 

"1W halan ; jjAN J^ 'ala-'l-faur ; 

*\)^» fauran. 
Immemorial, adj. JW^ J? 5 qabl 

al-ajyal. — (in time* immemorial) 

fi qadim az-zaman wa salif al- 
*a$r wa-'l-awan. 
Immense, adj. v*\*i h bi-la qiyas ; 
j^W« **£ gair mahdud ; J^ il U 
ma la-nu fcadd ; ^jbe 'azlin. 
Immensity, 8. ^*W* ^ £^-»^ ittisa* 

gair mahdud. 
Immbrqe, Immerse, v. u-^ gatas, 
yagtis; gaUas, yugaftis ; J/ 
gariq, yagraq ; garraq, yugar- 
Immersion, *. <jJ»* gats ; u-J"** 

tagtis ; J/ garq ; j^t igraq. 
Imminent, adj. s-*y> qarib (pi. 
*r>V qirab) ; J***—" mustaqbil ; 
,3^ mu'allaq. 
Immobility, *. &^\ p-** 'adain al- 
haraka-t; oy-^~ sukun ; «^L_*> 
gab at. 
Immoderate, adj. l»yt* mufrit ; j^j 
ray id ; a^H &* $jU. harij 'an al- 
Immodest, adj. £**• ^l gair mut- 
ta4i* ; M- safin (pi. aa- suffah, 
*U- aifah). 
Immodesty, 8. £U»\ &s qillat itticja* ; 

&»U~ safaha-t. 
Immolati, v. c»^ *abal>, yazbab; 

J **ei** f*** qatfdam zabf^a-t li, 

Immolation, 8. &* zabfc. 

Immoral, adj. «*-^ fasid (pi. <^$a~* 
f asda) ; i/-A* f ahis ; j>U%\ ^ 
radi-y al-ahlaq ; <J~U fasiq (pL 
&~i fasaqa-t, J>\~* fussaq). 

Immorality, 8. •A—* fasad ; ^ •») 
jUN radawat al-a&laq; J--* 

Immortal, adj. «*>•** * la yamut ; 
^U dayim; J^U. halid; Jk-** 
8 amad ; J>\* baqi ; <^ abadi-y. 

Immortalise, v. *j& »^ hallad 
zikra-hu, yuhallid ; &-+J\ ^j 
daw warn isma-hu, yudawwim. 

Immortality, 8. Vfii baqa; *>^ 
hulud; (j*AJ\ ^j dawam an- 

Immovable, adj. Ky*)\ pi** 'adim 
al-haraka-t; **J^^^gair mu- 
taharrik ; yu-^ mustaqirr ; y&~ 
sakin ; c^jU sabit. 

Immunity, 8. )^t*"\ imtiyaz ; hy 
maziya-t (pi. \*\y mazaya) ; 8UU* 

Immure, v. ^ hawwat, yu^awwit. 

Immutability, 8. j**£\ p±& 'adam 

Immutable, adj. yt**t % la yatagay- 

Imp, 8. (child) <&y walad (pi. ^\ 

Impact, «. (shock) ^*>U? tasadum. 

Impair, v. $* 'a^tal, yu'auil ; 7-^ 
hassar, yuhassir; y* darr, ya- 
^urr ; J& naqqas, yunaqqis. 

Impalpable, adj. J*+k 5 la yul- 

Impart, v. (give) J<* 'a^a, ya'ti ; 
s-**j wahab, yahab. — (communi- 
cate) ^ habbar, ynhabbir; p±\ 
ahbar, yubbir. 

Impartial, adj. Jbjk+jt£ gair mug- 
rid; J>^\ ^ab 'adim al-gard; 
u Ayi\ JJU pii al-gar4; «-A^« 

Impartiality, 8. <>/N ?** 'adam 
al-gar4 ; *J\**\ insaf ; *ff tajar- 

Impassable, adj. jp^\ y&H 3 la 

Digitized by 





yumkin al-'ubur; utUU «± tr a ir 


Impatience, s. j**&\ &i qillat a?- 
sabr ; j*-aU j»ac 'adam ae-sabr. 

Impatient, adj. y^\ J^li qalil aa- 
sabr ; j^-o ^ gair sabur ; ^ 
J*^&» gair mutahammil. 

Impeach, v. ^ tahain, yathim. , 

Impeachment, *. p\&\ ithani ; X*)6± 

Impede, v. g** mana', yamna' ; 
jW «aq, ya'uq. 

Impediment, «. g*Umani'(pl. gi\y 

mawani'); <3*^ 'ayiq (pi. v5*V 

Impel, v. (vrge on) jU saq, yasuq. 

— (incit*) J**> hamal, yahmil ; 

**5^ harrak, yuharrik ; J±f» har- 

racji, yuharricjL 
Impend, v. v»^ qarub, yaqrub ; 

s-»j^ qarab, yuqarib ; b *> dana, 

yadnu ; «~*/A airaf, yu^rif . 
Impenetrable, adj. M ^ 3 la 

yunfaz fi-hi ; M J*j* S la vud- 

hal fi-hi ; *> ; * S la yudrak. " 
Impenitence, a. A*\ju3\ ^ « a dani 

an-nadama-t ; hy&\ ^ 'adam at- 

taubat ; SjL-J qasawa-t. 
Impenitent, ac?/. j*>U r -^ gair 

nadim ; shiV* ^i gair tayib. 
Impebative, s. (in grammar) y\ 

amr. — (negatively) «> uahi. 
Imperative, adj. ^yA amri-y ; 

(j^Sft. hatami-y. 
Imperceptible, adj. j-Jj 3 la yul- 

ma b ; v*r~** r** gair mahsus ; 

^j^i 3 la yudrak. 
Imperfect, adj. J^^^ gair karaii ; 

t/dfo naqis. 
Imperfection, *. JU£tt ^j* 'adam 

al-kamal ; yatf naqs ; ^Ua* nuq- 

san; *-*» naqisa-t; s-** 'aib 

(pi. s->j** 'uyub). 
Imperial, ad/. ^-JUJL- sultaniy; 

J V» sahani-y ; ^j+J qaisari-y ; 

^Ufe humayun. 
Imperil, v. v» ^^ hatar bi, vu- 

Imperious, adj.y*+fi* mutajabbir ; 
>• 'anif (pi. UUft <unuf) ; ^ 

zAlim (pi. &JL zalama-t) ; je£*» 
Imperiousness, 8. y*& takabbur; 
per tajabbur, «-Aic 'unf ^6* 
qahr; \fy&- jibriya. 
Imperishable, adj. J*\j «* gair 
zayil ; <J\* pk gair fani ; A*,* S 
*J)W la yudrik-hu al-halak. 
Impermeable, adj. Jj&l 3 la yuh- 
raq (3 aor. pass.) ; U3\ *«i ^ 3 
la yaufuz fi-hi al-ma*. 
Impersonate, v. jxk* sahhas, yu- 

Impersonation, 8. ^pta*** ta^his. 
Impertinence, «. J^a* fadul ; ^aU- 

Impertinent, adj. ^^ fudiili-y ; 
&**~ safih (pi. W^- sufaha, 5ul- 
Imperturbability, #. s-i* Sy> quw- 
wat qalb ; ^^j qarar ; vi>W* sabat ; 
^Ua. hasana-t. 
Imperturbable, adj. £^)^ 3 la 
yataza'za* ; JtJW 5 la yatahab- 
bal ; «wV> sabit. 
Impervious, adj. M J*-*i 5 la yud- 
hal fi-hi (3 aor. pass.) ; <M j^i 5 
la yunfaz fi-hi. 
Impetuosity, Impetuousness, *. 
S^a ^idda-t ; jt+ jabr ; Sj\^ hara- 
ra-t; Sjko. hidda-t ; S^W badi- 
Impetuous, adj. J^ja sadid; ^»W 

Impetus, *. S^S quwwa-t ; &f» hara- 

ka-t ; «^>/^ tahrik. 
Impiety, Impiousness, «. ytf kufr; 
oV^ kufran; ; ^ fujur; &-* 
fisq ; ^V^aL $agvaii. 
Impious, adj. jM kafir (pi. fyS ka. 
f ai-a-t, ^ kuffar) ; ^.U fajir (pi. 
&;** fajara-t, ;^ fujjar) ; ^iU» 
Impinge, v. ^ ^ la^am fi, yal^um ; 

f&*>\ istadam, yas^adiui. 
Implacability, 8. l~*J\*A\ ^ ~* 
'adam al - mu?alaha-t (^M..,»\X 
al-mu8amaha-t) ; *\0^ Sa* sid- 
da-t al-haqd. 
Implacable, adj. UW\ J,^ 3 1^, 
yaqbal al-muf alaha-t ; ^U^t ^ 

Digitized by 





la yatajalah; &k * layaltn ; J* J* 
<&*)\ Sadid al-haqd. 
Implant, v. J-»\ as?al, yu'assil ; 
s— * nas ab, yansub. — (in the 
mind) ji»3 ^ £-1 $aba 4 fi-'l- 4 aql, 
Implantation, *. s~«* na?b. 
Implement, 0. &X\ ala-t. 
Implicate, 1?. (entangle) «sW* sabak, 
yaibik; sabbak, yu&ibbik; s-~w 
naiSab, yumiisib. 
Implication, *. (entanglement) 
££-a sabaka-t; ce W &J tasbik. — 
(inference) %\*\ i£ara-t ; a^*s> na- 
Implicit, arf;. (absolute) J*tf ka- 
mil ; vi^ mujlaq ; f\3 tamm. — 
(inferred, understood) f*]&» maf- 
hum ; gSi* muotaj. 
Implore, 0. J^ fytf tacjarra 4 ila, 
yatadarra 4 ; Je*n abtahal, yab- 
Imply, v. J*a Carnal, yasmul ; 
^J* J*xM iitainal 4 ala, yaitamil ; 
i y^ *ana, ya 4 ni ; ^J\ juX aiar ila, 
Impolicy, *. j**^ ^ 4 adam at- 
tadbir; &-W-H ^a* 'adam as- 
Impolitic, ad[/. ^^sH f*J* 4 adim 

Impolite, adj. v»^ JJ* qalil adab ; 
^*>*U ^ gair mu'addab ; ^^a^ 
Impoliteness, *. **>S\ &3 qillat 
adab; *-rt £tt qillat unsa-t ; 
Ai^JL-i. husuna-t. 
Impokderability, «. J# ^ 4 adain 

Imponderable, ckZ/. ojj-i 2 14 

y&zan ; J# *3 U ma la-hu siql. 
Import, v. (goods) Ja»^ adhal, 
yudhil; v*W jalab, yajlub. — 
(mean) ^ 4 ana, ya'ni. 
Ikpoet, Importation, s. s^Wt 

SU* (J^^) ijtilab (idhal) ba- 
yi« ; **jl*- C»^ baxjayi 4 maj- 
Itkba-t. — (meaning) <j**" ma'na 
(pL ^^* ma'ani-y). 
Importance, *. J* giql ; ^ 4 uzm ; 
-J* qadr. 

Important, adj. p%+ muhimm; 

^♦Jhc 4 azim ; A*& saqil. 
Importer, *. v*V jallab. 
Importunate, Importune, ac?/. 
J** saqil; Jy* fuduli-y; »JV^ 
Importune, v. «J^ Ja» saqqal 4 ala, 

yusaqqil ; g*j\ az'aj, yu* 4 ij. 
Importunity, s. J^i fadul ; t^M 

ilhafr, SJl*A iihaza-t. 
Impose, v. J±j* farad, yafrid ; ^\ 

alqa, yulqi ; ^j rama, yarmi 

(all with JLe 4 ala) ; Ud* kallaf, 

yukallif. — (deceive) <j*** ga£3, va- 
gus^ ; £*** hada 4 , ya^da 4 ; <^*± 

gaban, yagbun. 
Imposition, s. «-*— i& taklif. — 

(deceit) <j*** gi£s; &L*. hiyana-t. 
Impossibility, *. ^X.Sl ^ 4 adam 

Impossible, adj. {$£++ y<£ gair 

mumkin ; JV^ muhal ; J<^-^ 

Impost, s. ^— ) rasm (pi. ^»--; 

rusum) ; ULK? taklif (pi. U>$S$ 

Impostor, s. \\£+ makkar ; £\j^. 

hadda 4 ; <j~£» mulabbis ; «t>^fcU» 

tagM (pi. «^*tjk tawagit). 
Imposture, *. £*• makar; ^**«^ 

Impotence, Impotency, s. y-*& 

4 ajaz, 4 ajz ; q)\)<** 4 ajazan. 
Impotent, adj. Ul*ju da 4 if (pi. 

U*6 du 4 afa) ; j*W ^ajiz (pi. ^\ys 

4 awajiz) ; ^y** 'ajzan ; ^±y 

Impoverish, v. fl faqqar, yufaq- 

qir; /l\ afqar, yufqir; gio\ 

adqa 4 , yudqi 4 . 
Impoverishment, *. te&\ iftiqar; 

u*U\ ifl4s. 
Impracticable, adj. J*** 5 la yu 4 - 

mai ; ^-4 3 la ya?ir ; ^>5U^ ^ 

gair mumkin. — (unmanageable) 

•>U^ 3 la yanqad. 
Imprecate, v. «J^ ^j da 4 a 4 ala, 

yad 4 i ; ^ la 4 aD, yal 4 an. 
Imprecation, s. i«J la 4 na-t ; Sysj 

da 4 wa-t (pi. va>\^> da 4 wat, ^^c»> 


Digitized by 





Impregnability, e. b\*+ feasana-t. 

Impregnable, adj. g**» mani*. 

Impregnate, v. (cause to conceive) 
J**. l?abbal, yuhabbil. — (saturate) 
g-A Sabba', yusabbi' ; g*^ aiba', 

IMPEES8, IMPBINT, V. g*k Jaba\ 

yafba' ; f\ assar, yu'asgir; ^ 

basam, yabsuni. 
Impress, a. gA tab* (pi. eWLtiba') ; 

(jUtf niqs" (pl. A \>j* nuqfis). 
Impbession, *./t agar (pi. jIm agar) ; 

fS*\3 ta'sir. — (edition) v»^ g*^ 

tab* kitib. 
IMPBE8SIONABLE, adj. y$'\A\ J*Vi 

qabil at-ta'sir ; /^ muta'agsir. 
Impbes8IVE, adj. f*y mu'a§sir. 
Impbison, v. {j-**- habas, yah bis; 

^abbas, yu^abbis; <^- sajan, 

Impbisonment, 8. u « — : ■■» tabs; 

u-w** tahbis ; ^j^- sajn, siju. 
Impbobability, *. JL. ♦* » M p** 

'adam al-ihtiinal ; J**M ^ J*t 

bu'd 'an al-'aql. 
Improbable, adj. <J^N AjU-» j*t 

gair musabih li-'l-liaqq ; j-*fc 

J4-W* gair muhtainal; A*<A»t 

Improper, adj. s-*~U* jt± gair mu- 

nasib ; <J4 $ ye* gair layiq ; ^ 

&\y gair muwafiq ; s-***j ^ 

gair wajib. 
Impbopbiety, a. &t«L*M pin 'adam 

al-muimsaba-t ; *r>y*f\ *JU. l^ilaf 

Impbove, v.a. £** sallab, yusallifc ; 

C±*\ aslalj, yuslih ; ^^c sahhah, 

yusahhih ; n. ^s tasalah, yata- 

sala^. — (in health) jVa&J istafaq, 

Improvement, 8. £*U> taslih ; c^ 

islah ; £***» tashHi. 
Improvidence, 8. lye+J\ (><*& 'adam 

Improvident, adj. JiVfc gafii ; ^ 

p*i gair basir. 
Impbovisation, 8. c\r*^ iqtirat ; 

l*\* badaha-t. 
Improvise, v. J*?^ irtajal, yartajil. 
Imprudence, *. ^^ ^ 'adam 

at-tadbtr; JJhH *U qillat al- 
'aql ; BjW* gabawa-t ; X-bi ^ 

'adam ntna-t. 
Imprudent, adj. $±- jtA gair mu- 

dabbir; j&^ (**& 'adim at- 

Impudence, *. ^^ waq&fca-t ; SaUu 

safaha-t ; S^*i fanjara-t ; &Va« 

Impudent, <m£/. gi; waqih (pi. elij 

wiqah) ; M- safih (pi. V^ su- 

faha) ; t$%** fanjari-y. 
Impugn, v. J»>W jadal, yujadil ; 

^>U hasaui, yuhasim ; £jt> naza', 

Impulse, «. **!*/** tafcrik ; *£«•. 

Impulsive, adj. dj^+ mu^arrik. 
Impulsiveness, 8. *±tes*y\ R - r r ~ 

sur*a-t al-inhiia«. 
Impunity, ». k^\ p** *adam ai- 

'uquba-t; \j>\*&\ p±t *adam al- 

Impure, adj. v*** najis ; ^-^ wasih ; 

yfcU* j*k gair t^bir. — (uncha8te) 

Oh-^ fasiq ; yfcVc 'abir. 
Impurity, s. &~\*r najasa-t; £~j 

wasah (pi. fcL.^ ausah). — (of con- 
duct) S~* fisq; *jW* *ahara-t; 

jL-1 fasad. 
Imputation, *. f>\&\ itbam ; &^» 

Impute, v. ^ J*«- hamal 'ala, 

yah mil ; v» f*6> taham bi, yat- 

him ; J\ ^~~& nasab ila, yansuh. 
In, prep. ^ fi. 

In, adv. J*^*> dfihil; *^ jawwan. 
Inability, 8. k^ ?** 'adam kif4- 

ya-t ; aJljU ^»xc 'adam qabiliya-t ; 

ij±ti\ pj* 'adam al-qudrat. 
Inaccessible, adj. Jj-°y* ($£+* 3 

*t^^ la yuinkin al-wusui ile-hi ; 

geA* mani'. 

InACCE88IBLBNESS, 8. q\-&*\ 

Jyc^\ 'adam imkan al-wusul. 
Inaccuracy, *. &<d\ ^ 4 ad-dia- 

qa-t; Ok*^ ^ 'adam at-tad- 

qiq ; Lc*dtt ^ 'adam a4-4al>t» 
Inaccurate, ad;. ^^» ^* g^ur 

ma^bdt; o^ ^ gair m\idaq- 


Digitized by 






'adam as-sugi ; flU* batala-t : 

J~* kasal ; &^N pJ* 'adain al- 

Inactive, adj. fc^tt ^ac 'adim 

al-fcaraka-t ; <Af» ~fc gair harik ; 

JU* ba«al ; X~Z kaslan. 
Inadequacy, Inadbquateness, s. 

4jVAfl\ ^ 'adam al-ki%a-t ; y+* 

'ajz ; gUa nuq^an. 
Inadequate, ad/, o*^** g«r k ^ 5 ; 

yoiU naqis ; j~d* qaeir. 
Inadmissible, acf/. Zf+* mamnii' ; 

fir* haram. 
Inadvertency, *. alj-tflN p**. 'adam 

al-intibah; LAht gafla-t ; J-*U> 

tagaful ; JUa\ ihuial ; p~ sahu. 
Inadvertent, adj. &*£** j^t gair 

muntabih ; Jite gafil. 
Inalibntable, adj. £W* 3 la yuba'. 
Inane, adj. £ ; U tarig ; <J\*> hali.— 

(twin) JU* ba^il. 
Inanimate, adj. t» ^ bi-la ru^ ; 

a«W jamid. 
Inanition, *. va^A.t? tasrlt ; fas,-** 

Inanity, s. jU hulu-w ; U» fi<Ja. — 

(ram*ie») JJ.W abatfl (pi.). 
Inapplicability, «. &-artj*n ^ 

'adam al - muwafaqa-t; fix-a 

**~WH 'adam al-munasaba-t. 

Inapplicable, adj. <J*V* -J** £ a * r 
muwafiq; <jtU«* ^fe gair muta- 
toq ; J vM * la yalbaq li. 

Inapplication, *. *>W**^ ^»xc 'adam 
al-ijtihad ; J*V« tagaful. 

Inappreciable, acf;. ^jJLs5\ ^L^y^h 
gair mamkin at-taqdir ; <^i H 
la yugannan. 

Inapproachable, od;. g*** mam'. 

Inappropriate, ai;. <jfc* j«* g ft i r 
liyiq ; «^-U^^fc gair munasib. 


'adam al-liyaqa-t. 
Inarticulate, adj. ^^\ )*+*• p£ 

gair mutamayyiz al - lafz ; p£ 

kAkN g^ gair saril^ at-talaif uz. 
Inartificial, adj. g*~ j^t gair 

Inattention, #« JU6 gafla-t ; J*t*» 

tagaful ; «Wa1t ^ 'adam al-inti- 

Inattentive, arf/. A**** ^fc gair 

muntabih ; J*te gafil. 
Inaudible, adj. Q+~i 2 la yusma' ; 

£;*~* ^ gair niasmu'. 
Inaugurate, v. jAS qallad, yuqal- 

lid ; (jJ^ jallas, yujallis ; <j*/ 

karras, jukarris. 
Inauguration, «. J^la? taqlid ; 

t,/"*l«r tajlis ; w*fi takris ; r^^i 

Inauspicious, adj. py*>&" mas^um 

(vulg. (*y*~» raaSum) ; ^f* na- 

hus ; y M a.»* mun^is; u*j-*** 

Inborn, adj. i^tJ* tabi'i-y. 
Incalculable, ad/. s « -hp 3 la yu^- 

sab ; ^-flcsi 5 la yu^sa. 
Incandescent, a^'. ^Vft. hami ; 

s-«6M aibab, f. W«a iubba (pi. 

s-** ^uhb) ; S ; ^^ fo& ^ J^^ 

abyad min £idda-t al-harara-t. 
Incantation, *. ^)fi 'azima-t (pi. 

f*\y* 'azayim, (*j* 'azim) ; ftfS 

ta'zim ; ^-* 8i^r. 
Incapable, adj. &$ j*± gair layiq; 

&i\y yat gair muwafiq; ^Ai j^t 

gair qadir ; ^y^ 'ajiz 'an. 
Incapablbness, Incapability, In- 
capacity, 8. &to\y put 'adam 

muwafaqa-t; i|Utt ^ 'adam ka- 

faya-t; j^ 'aiz; ^^c 'ajazan. 

—{mental) Jfcdt iU qillat al-'aql. 
Incapacitate, t>. (render «?i/^) j%c\ 

a'jaz, yu'jiz. — (disqualify) ^ 

haram, yatrim (l^arim, ya^ram). 
Incarcerate, v. w~t+- habas, yalj- 

bis ; (j^%- sajan, yasjun. 
Incarceration, s. {j~-**» habs; 

^rtw ^ tatbis. 
Incarnate, adj. ,»■.» > ■ " >• mutajas- 

sim ; .\.»» a» mutajassid. 
Incarnation, 9. a~*? tajassud. 
Incautious, od;. tW^^ JJ^ qaiil 

al-ihtiya^ ; ji^» ^A g a i r mudab- 

bir ; J*l* gafil. 
Incautiousness, *. iVt^^ &* qillat 

al-i^tiyat; ^?asJ\ ^ 'adam at- 

Incendiary, t. j^ tarra^.— (in- 

Digitized by 






citing to sedition) y^si fattan ; 
&ui s-«-^ $ahib fitna-t (pi. s-»U-*\ 
ashab) ; J^—^ mufsid. 
Incense, s. jf&. bahhur (pi. ^^. 
bahahir) ; l^ kaba ; ^W* hban ; 
5*~* bastaj ; ;J^kundur(xov8/>os). 
Incense, v. (burn incense) y&. bah- 

har, yubahhir. — (enrage) s~a^ 

agdab, yugdib ; k^* agfiz, yugig. 
Incensive, adj., s. £;**• muharriq. 
Incentive, adj., s. dj*+ muharrik ; 

[j*)**" muharriq. 
Incessant, adj. m\*> dayim ; )f± h 

bi-la futur ; £&rf>\ h bi-la inqita'. 
Incessantly, adv. J\y-j (+-* lam 

yazal (with ace. of participle) 
Incest, s. v»;W g* uy\ 

irtikab az-zina ma' al-aqarib ; 

A>tysM jy+k fujur al-qaraba-t. 
Inch, s. U^s qir&t (pi. tyj* qara- 

n\) ; &**o\ asba'a-t (pi. gW 

Incident, s. Kj^ tadiga-t (pi. 

*±>S\y*. liawadis) > &*£* 'ari<Ja-t 

(pi. ^j* *awari<J) ; **fy waqi'a-t. 
Incidental, adj. o^)^ *ari<Ji-y ; 

^WJ ittifaqi-y. 
Incipient, oS/. ^l* badi; <£>)**" 

Incise; t>. (cut into) £& qn^a', 

yaq$a' ; !■-** sabat, yaibit. — 

(carve) ^ kazz, yahazz ; <J& 

naqai, yanqus\ 
Incision, s. gfa> qaf ; tJ* saqq (pi. 

jyfci £uquq). 
Incisoe, *. (tooth) &*£ saniya-t (pi. 

soA -at, IjU* ganaya). 
Incite, t?. df. ^arrak, yu^arrik; 

J±f- harracj, yuharricj ; *±*~ bass, 

ya^ugg ; *±~\ a^ass, yutigg ; <&** 

agra, yugri. 
Incitement, s. j*/* tafcricj; *^^ 

ljasg ; e**fc* ta^sis ; s-**y tar- 
Incivility, s. v»^ *** qillat adab j 

£~M &s qillat unsa-t. 
Inclemency, s. &>&** e±* 'adam 

safaqa-t; l*+>j p*& 'adam ralj- 

ma-t ; BjL-j qasawa-t. 
Inclement, adj. (merciless); ,^3 

qasi ; Jj* ^ gair satft} ; A) U 

*♦**; ma la-hu rahma-t; fi^ 

zalim.— (stormy) g^c 'ajjaj. 
Inclination, *. (sloping or bending) 

Ue*M inhiLa ; ^J\f*\ inhiraf. — 

(ajfection) J** mail (pi. JW-^ 

amjal) ; U&c *a{f ; ***; ragba-t ; 

s-»^«V^ injizab. 
Incline, v.a. *-ALc 'ataf, ya'tif; 

Ja* mayyal, yumayyil ; n. J^ 

nial, yamil; ^y^ in^iana, yan- 

Incline, s. &**$ wabda-t (pi. *>^ 

Inclose, v. see Enclose. 
Include, v. ^ v^r 5 *^ ifetawa 'ala, 

yahtawi ; ^ J^*»^ istamal 'ala, 

yastauiil ; y-^A» tadainman, ya- 

Inclusive, adj. Ja»W dahil ; J**. * - 

Incognito, «. (^ talbis. 
Incoherence, s. J^-»^ ^ac 'adam 

ai-itti?al; (^^3\ p±* 'adam al- 

iqtirau ; iajUaJ^ ^ac 'adam al- 

Incoherent, adj. J**» j*± gair 

muttasil ; j^sU ^ gair multa- 

siq ; v>»^ 7^ gair mu^abiq. 
Incombustibility, s. %3\f*W ^ 

'adam al-ihtiraq. 
Incombustible, adj. j/«: 5 la yu^- 

ra <l ; Jr 86 : ^ la yaljtariq. 
Income, «. J/->* madhAi (pl. 

J«^^ madatil, «^>^j^ madbd- 

Incommensurability, «. ^W* ta- 


Incommensurable, oc^. y*^ 5 ^ ^** 
•*»»^ ma la-hum qiyas wahid. 

Incommodate, Incommode, v. ^Ja* 
^ saqqal 'ala, yugaqqil ; <J*y+* 
,J^ ^awwa^ 'ala, yu&iwwis" ; * , ms \ 
at'ab, yut'ib. 

Incommodious, adj. £J^—^ mu- 
saddi' ; J«^ gaqil ; w-*s^ mut % ib. 

Incommunicable, ac{;. y&. 3 14 
yuhbar ; <jyq ^ la yu'arraf. 

Incomparable, adj. ;J* *J U n^^ 
la-hu nazir ; J*^ 6i U ma la^hu 
magil; ^A farid; J^\ au^ad 

Digitized by 





(pi. q\**\ uhdan, q\**) wuhdan) ; 
(ji^\ £ju*» munqata' al-qarin. 


Incompatibility, *. &*U»*J\ p*& 

4 adam al-mutabaqa-t. 
Incompatible, adj. <JiV ye± gair 

muwafiq ; JfcUo* y*± gair muta- 

biq ; g* ijAx* 3 la yattafiq ma*. 
Incompetence, Incompetency, *. 

i»LJ ^c 'adam liyaqa-t ; h^ &* 

qilla-t kifaya-t. 
Incompetent, adj. <3*3 ^ gair 

lajiq ; s— U* ^ gair munasib ; 

j'jAS yto U ma hu kafu li. 
Incomplete, adj. pfc ^ gair tamm ; 

J*\£ j~k gair kamil ; j^b naqis. 
Incompleteness, 8. j»U? ^ac 'adam 

tamam ; l*&x+ manqasa-t ; jyoi 

Incompeehensibility, 8. {$* fyf- 

*£\ } J%\ aIb-d. huruj 'an hh;a-t al- 

Incomprehensible, adj. {*&i 3 la 

yanfahim ; ^Ju $ la yudrak ; 

Ja*tt jj* fauq al-'aql. 
Incompressible, ad/. u*-a«& $ la 

Inconceivable, adj. ;j-a** 3 la ya- 

tasawwar ; (+&. $ la yufham. 
Inconclusive, ad/\ g^ ^ gair 

qati' ; £*a* ^ gair muqni'. 

INCONCLUSIVENE8S, 8. £)*-& f±* 

*adam iqna* ; f\)M p** 'adam 
Incongruity, *. toU*tt ^ac 'adam 
al-muwafaqa-t ; £a*\k*tt ^ac 'adam 

Incongruous, adj. v3*V* J** £ a * r 

muwafiq ; ,3*Ua* ^fe gair mu$a- 

Inconsiderable, adj. f*Jt* j<£ gair 

'azjm ; ^Ai 3 la se-y ; pz*+ j*& 

gair mu'tabar. 
Inconsiderate, adj. ^J^ %ky\s ; 

^J<~ matyur ; J*V* gafil ; /& ^ 

bi-gair tafakkur ; y^*** p£ {$* 

min gair tamyiz. 
Incon8ideratene8s, s. &AJ* tija- 

sa-t ; &a* gafia-t ; ^j&N fJ* 'adam 

al-fikr ; y*t+A\ fls qillat at-tani- 

yiz ; pi^\ &S qillat at-tadbir. 
Inconsistency, 8. vs>W> &* qilla-t 

sabat ; &f &* qillat qarar ; s-J^» 

taqallub ; s->>M inqilab. 
Inconsistent, adj. «wW*N J-J£ 

qalil as-sabat ; s->^ qallab ; y**z+ 

mutagayyir ; i^aks* mutahallif. 
Inconsolable, adj. «JL~3> 3 la ya- 

tasalla; <sf*l 5 la yata'azza; 

^»U^ ;j~-£* maksur al-hatir. 
Inconstancy, 8. **A~H [••** 'adam 

as-sabat ; U^N &S qillat al-wafa. 
Inconstant, adj. eu**tf ^ gair 

sabit; s-»^i qallab; j**s* muta- 
Inconsumable, adj. uyo& 2 la yus- 

raf (3 aor. pass.) ; < J*k»* $ la 

yantalif (3 aor. vn.). 
Incontestable, arf/. icjU^ &} U 

ma bi-hi manaz^a-t ; g^^ qa$i* ; 

A) v*^ 3 la jawab la-hu ; £* 3 

la yunkar. 
Incontinence, s. «t>\AU\ ^ <dU&\ 

inhimak fi-'l-lazzat ; Uj^\ ^ac 

( adam al-ihtima ; &*$\ p±z 'adam 

Incontinent, arf/. ctU^J^ munba- 

mik ; ^5^^* ^t gair muhtami ; 

i-Mc^fc gair 'afif. 
Incontrovertible, adj. &*>V^* ^ U 

ma bi-hi mujadala-t. 
Inconvenience, «. uU^> taklif 

(pi. UlJUs takaiif); JU-.J zah- 

ma-t; ***>• madarra-t; ^ cjtarar 

(pl.j^f adrar): 
Inconvenience, v. u&& kallaf, yu- 

kallif ; Jc Jtf saqqal 'ala, yusaq- 

Inconvenient, adj. {incommodious) 

s-*^ mut c ib) ; J<J» saqil. — (un- 
suitable) &\y yiA gair muwafiq ; 

s-*-lfc* ^ gair munasib. 
Inconvertibility, «. ^^^^ «^xe 

J*a-jJ^ 'adam imkan at-tabdil; 

Ja-jJ^ (;)^«\ f^c *adam imkan at- 

Inconvertible, adj. J^ 3 la yub- 

dal (3 aor. pass.); Jji^^'gair 

Incorporate, v.a. (blend) 


Digitized by 




Vt*a*r yfc*-^ ; £•* war. jir.flw 

\%</j vztjn % £** 

Is'SjMlimblZi adj. Jj»*i« 3 la ran- 
VJ;, f# a//r. rir, ; ci*r J** 3 
1* ra/j',ai zl-^Jib; C ^i* 3 li 
Mij \*-U'i ; *y»yj| 3 t* yatab. 

LITT, #. J^JI fli qiJb-t al-iu- 

I*o>£ECf»r, *<(/. *-^ ^ jrair find ; 


Incorruptible, adj. JL-I| 3 li yu- 
faaaad (3 a/>r. ii.); li rufiad 
(% nor. pa*«. it.). — (not to be 
bribed) JJ* JA* 3 la yakul bir- 

BILITY, #. .>L-*3t ^ic 'adaoi al- 
io fiaad. — (integrity) z\* jaiah ; 
J^T^ Jj*i ^ 'adam qabul al- 

Iwcobuuption, *. *>Ljb3t fj* ( adam 

Increase, #. ft^Wj ziyada-t; jVmI 
izdiyad ; yt& tak^ir ; f& takA- 
sur; ^ nutnu-w. 

Inckeahe, v.a. jjj zawwad, yuzaw- 
wid ; j£ kassar, yukassir; «-AcU 
4&'af,yu4&'if ; n.'^zad, yazid ; 
*>Wj\ izdiid, yazdad; Uj nama, 
yamnfi ; ^i kabir, yakbar. 

Incredible, adj. jJ^i 3 la yata- 
■addaq (3 aor. v.). 

Incrkdibleness, Incredibility, 
b. jW**3\ ^ 'adam al i'tibar; 

ukr- "»x k!fca-t i^ 

Isnx:«n-:TL ©£.. -*teJ ^ l*n 

Is ctrr *n, : *r«yia£- Iscixx-^rLiTT, 
*- -x*=r^" mJ* -kiiJL fcl-r-Diid; 

IsciiKmjrx. r «* '^jjl Titiirni- 
IsriTST- T- f^ :* * i«r. Sc_ c — -3 

J~ll- I JOS. TT.Tt J ^Ti B^ «Kldi#, 

IawTRrsxanoi, #- w — ea* talyis ; je-y 


IxcrmaTios, a. o*«^ J* •*% mqid 

•aia-l-t^ed ; j*— ► Ladn. 
Iscrsrs. «. ^-u?« kiba* i ri. u**&f 

kavai is . 
Iscn>CATE, r. J*^ ^i ^s* taba 4 fi- 

'l-'aqL yatba\ 
IscoaunrcT, «. *dmti) i*j3 lixi- 

ma-t fpL ^y lavaxim); ^^ 

wajir*-t; j^» fard (pi. j*^J 

firad, j*^i farad). 


IscriCBEjrT, •<(;. f»j3 liziui ; 

J* wajib *ala. 
Inccr, r. J^^i-^ ista'hal, yasta'hil ; 

A— 4r J* s-W jala i« 'a la nafs-hu, 

jajlib. — (tn^ar debts) ^«*» ta- 

dayyaa, yatadayyan. 
Incurable, adj. ta a! u ma la-ha 

dawi ; *3 g\c 3 la *ilaj la-ha. 
Incurablene88, s. ©V«3\ *jlc 'adam 

Incursion, *. **— £ kabsa-t; r?** 

hujum ; AjjU gaziya-t (pi. «^^y^ 

gazawat) ; *J& gara-t. 
Indebted, adj. (in debt) e^-^* 

madyuD. — (obliged) ($f+* matii- 

Indecency, *. a*U3 ^oc *adaiii lija- 

qa-t ; Z**\» fahiia-t. 
Indecent, adj. (3*3^ gair laytq ; 

*r**\) ys& gair wajib ; ^r^U fahis. 
Indecision, *. ryA\ Ali qiiiat al- 

*azm; %a>jtp- haira-t; v*W*^ irti- 

yab; *>*y taraddiid. 
Indecisive, «rf/. u&\) waqif ; y^ 

f»j^ gair 'azim ; ^««^« mutahav- 

Digitized by 





yir ; s^Vjj* niurtab ; *y\ <j* aaj** 

mutaraJdid fi amri-hi. 
Indeclinable, adj. sJj+s* ^ gair 

munsarif ; u^*** ^ gair muta- 

Indecorous, adj. v54^ ^j* gair layiq ; 

y^iS\ j*M gair adib. 
Indecorum, s. s-»^ f**c 'adam 

adab ; Ji^J ^ac 'adani liyaqa-t. 
Indeed, a<2t>. *to* haqqan; "U M » 

haqiqatan ; *wji <j* iVl-haqi- 


INDEFATIGABLE, adj. J*i 3 j J^t H 

la jakill wa la yamuli ; s-*«* 2 

la yat'ab. 
Indefeasible, adj. JVLjSX <^£**^e± 

gair mumkiu al-ib^al ; a^ 2 la. 

yuradd ; j**** $ la yatagayyar. 
Indefensible, ad/, (inexcusable) 

)j*&\ gzx+* munitani' al-'uzr. — 

(incapable of defence) y£+" «* 

£*i\a+tt gair mumkin al-muda- 

Indefinable, adj. «-A*yun £»+* 

mumtani' at-ta'rif. 
Indefinite, adj. a^a** ^ gair 

mahdud; ^ o. »* mubham; ^ 

&***• gair muta'ayyin. 

INDEFINITENESS, 8. ($6**A\ f»ae 

'adam at-ta'yin; Jnta^sN ^ae 

'adam at-ta^did. 
Indelible, adj. { j^h^ la yun.hi 

(3 aor. pass.) ; u~+h 2 la yu{a.~- 

mas (3 aor. pass. n.). 
Indelicacy, 8. toty p±* 'adam $arii- 

Indelicate, adj. Uk^L «* gdr 

zarif; ^^ ^ gair na'im; **!* 

galig (pi. W* giiaz). 
Indemnify, v. <J* ^f *awwa4 

'aw wad ale-hu al-hasara-t, yu- 

Indemnity, 8. ^^ 'iwad (pi. \J>\f\ 
a'w&4) ; u**j»> ta'wicjL — (exemp- 
tion from punishment) ^-»d\ f»ac 
'ad am al-qisas. 

Indent, v. ^^- sannan, yusannin ; 
y*» tiazz, yahuzz; y^\ ihtazz, 
jabtazz. — (covenant) IjU g&rat, 
yusarit; iyid istara^, yaitari^. 

Indentation, 8. ej-ea-J tasnin ; 

c^W 6 * tahbik. 
Indenture, *. a*u Ijt. £ar{ nama-h ; 

&_*D j u qp 'ahd nama-h ; v*^ 

kitab (pi. s-s* kutub) ; &+»- 

tujja-t (pi. g*^ bujaj). 
Independence, Independency, 8. 

JUu«.\ istiqal ; U**«.\ istigna ; ^- 

Independent, adj. J***-* • musta- 


qill ; j^at^ muhtar ; ,J^ 

laq; ^yAs^* mustagni. 
Indescbibable, adj. Oo^> 5 la 

yusaf ; aa*j <^£** 5 la yumkiii 

Indestbuctibility, *. f\±&)\ ^ac 

( adam al-inhidam ; s^V^Jt f*** 

'adani al-harab. 
Indestructible, adj. (**&* 2 la 

yanhadim (3 aor. vn.) ; t*Uei 3 

la yahlik ; v/^L 5 la yuhrab. 
Index, *. JJa dalil (pi. fla\ adil- 

la-t, JiU dalayil).— (of a book) 

s**~j& fihrist (pi. (j-jVei faharis, 

Indicate, v. J\ jW aiar ila,yu^ir ; 

J^ Ja dall *ala, yadull. 
Indication, s. *J*>\ i4ara-t; £5Jo 

dalala-t; ; W izhar; M* 'ala- 

Indicative, ad; JJa dalil; JU 

Indicative, #. (in grammar) U| 

£tjU JnAI^ bina al-fi 4 l li-'r-raf 4 . 
Indict, v. s-» ^«* taham bi; yat- 

hum; ^ ^^^^ 'istaka 'ala, 

Indictment, *. &+& tuhnia-t (pi. 

f*V tuham) ; £g&fc iikaya-t ; \£± 

Indifference, 8. **rf buruda-t; 

JUa\ ihm&l; ,>Ve? tahamul; iU 

\*z*\ qilla-t i'tina. 
Indifferent, adj. (the same to) 

5a*a \y+ sawa 'ind-hu. — (careless) 

v>^ gatil; J^ J^ bali-y al- 

bal; J^W^ uiutabamil. — (|>a««- 

able) if** i$i# bain bain. 
Indigenous, adj. al» ^ ibn balad ; 

^5«^ baladi-y ; y^f" mutawat- 

Digitized by 





Indigence, *. yU faqr ; a£Uo sa'la- 

ka-t ; L- i£~* maskana-t ; &U 

Indigent, adj. y*M faqir (pi. tytf 

fuqara) ; q-£~+ iniskin (pi. 

^L^» masakin) ; ©U** muhtaj ; 

<jJuu muflis ( u ^\i^ inaf alis) ; 

i^U* su'luk (pi. ctLJU- ga'alik). 
Indigested, adj. (+*&■* ;** gair 

munhadim. — (not arranged) jt£ 

(•J*** gair lnangum ; s-^/*^ gair 

Indigestible, adj. ^e^t 2 la yan- 

hadim ; (+*£\ y~& 'asir al-hadin ; 

^e^ wahim ; W aqi£. 
Indigestion, *. &♦** tuhma-t ; &•-£* 

Indignant, ad/. yVafc gadban (pi. 

s->^£ gi^a-b) ; s->j^ gadub. 
Indignation, *. s-^ ga<Jab. 
Indignity, s. k-W* qabaha-t; ^ 

^twi 6e-y qabit; u**-^ ^ 6e-y 

Indigo, a. J** nil ; &*J nila-t. 
Indirect, adj. (* Jiz~~ + y<£ gair mus- 

taqim; J«**^ gair 'adil ; v^yl* 

multawi ; «J^w^* munharif . 
Indiscreet, adj. <J^° {avis' ; JJ* 

jl*s*$\ qalil al-imtiyaz; j**j$ h 

bi-la tadbir ; Jj* fu<Jiili-y. 
Indiscreticn, 8. ^y» tiya£a-t; 

&A£ gafla-t ; S«-o» j»ac 'adam ba- 

sira-t ; jW*»$\ &S qillat al-imti- 
yaz ; Jj-tf fucJM. 
Indiscriminate, adj.)**** h bi-la 

tamyiz ; <3;* ^ bi-1* ^ ar( l J j«* 

v3j^ gair mafruq ; ^ 'amm. 
Indispensable, adj. ^f> diaruri-y ; 

fp lazim ; s-«*\j wajib. 
Indispose, v. (disorder) J*»j* £aw- 

was, yu^awwis. — (disincline) 

^Jst s-^\ agdab 'ala, yugtfib. — 
(make unfit) ^r^ 'akkas, yu'ak- 

kis ; y+*\ a'jaz, yu'jiz. 
Indisposed, adj. (ill) \f*^ J** <J* 

'ala gair istiwa; J&»jA* musaw- 

Indisposition, ». (slight disease) 

<J*y*j taSwiS ; &***> da'bala-t. — 
(dislike) &*6t ga4ba-t. 
Indisputable, adj. <ji>\f£$\ JjU ytt 

gair qabil al-i'tirad ; J— ^a«— • 

&£jU»H mustahil al-nmnaza'a-t ; 

&\* qatf'; ^ M U ma fi-hi 

Indisputableness, 8. yjy tayaq- 

qun ; &*k yaqin. 
Indissolubility, s. J^*^ (••** 'adam 

inhilal ; odUfclM *ac 'adani al-in- 

Indissoluble, arf;. Jle*: 3 la yu- 

hallal (3 aor. pass, n.) ; J^i S 

la yanljall (3 aor. vn.). 
Indistinct, adj. &?<> ^ gair sarih ; 

Jklo ^t gair safi ; ^W ^ gair 

bayin ; y~++ pA gair mumayyaz. 
Indistinctness, 8. \^»^\ p**- 'adam 

al-imtiyaz ; t^*^ ^ 'adam al- 

iclah ; W^\ ^ac *adam as-9ara- 

Indistinguishable, adj. y#H 5 la 

yumayyaz (3 aor. pass, n.) ; pA 

ye+z* gair mutamayyiz. 
Indite, v. <JU malla, yumalli ; ^J^ 

J* amla 'ala, yumfi. 
Individual, *. ^aatA ^ahs (pi. 

v*f** ^uhus, vjp^fcAi\ ashas) ; ->^» 

lard (pi. ^ f urud, S\J>\ afrad) ; 

J^j zaul (pi. J\^ azwal). 
Individual, adj. j^j wahid ; *yu 

Indivisibility, «. ^U^U\ ^ 'adam 

Indivisible, adj. ^\ *£ fard al- 

fard ; ^&^ 3 la yanqasim ; y^A 

j* - te H J»Vi gair qabil at-taqsir. 
Indocile, ac?/. |^*^^ J»^ j*^ gair 

qabil at-ta'allum. — (intractable) 

£>> y<£ gair tayi' ; fcJ* - ^ gair 

Indoctrinate, v. ^ 'allam, yu- 

4 alii m. 
Indolence, s. J-^ kasal ; ^\y ta- 

wani ; JUa\ ihmal. 
Indolent, adj. ^y** mutawani ; 

J-Ve^ mutahamil ; J*^ gafi.1 ; 

q%~£ kaslan (pi. ^J»~Z kasla, 

J^^kasala); >^ kahil. 
Indomitable, adj. j&. 3 la yuqbar ; 

g^i 5 la yuqma' (3 aor. pass.)* 
Indoor, adj. Ja-U duhil. 

Digitized by 





Indubitable, adj. «sU» M U ma 

ft- hi sakk. 
Induce, v. d^> harrak, yuliarrik; 

g^ harrad, yuharridi ; <^ adda, 

Inducement, 8. s-*e^» targib ; ^f* 

Induct, v. J^*> dahhal, yudahhil ; 

J^*>\ adhal, yudhii. 
Induction, 8. {introduction) Jj*-^ 

duhul ; J*-^* mudhal, niudhil. — 

{inference) u*W* qiyas (pi. &~*i\ 

aqyisa-t) ; & >«■*> natija-t (pi. 

g>U> natayij). 
Inductive, adj. {J ^^ natiji-y. 
Indulge, v. £jU» ^awa', yutfiwi' ; 

J £*- samah li, yasmah; ^f\\ 

fijUi. ra'a ha$ir-hu, yura'i ; ^-^ 

agda, yugdi. 
Indulgence, s. &*)V*» mu$awa'a-t ; 

eU— samah ; Z—*,A~~» musama- 

ha-t ; U^ igda. 
Industrial, adj. {referring to in- 
dustry) o**-* sana'i-v. 
Industrious, adj. {diligent) >*o*y 

mujtahid ; JkfcV^* mujahid ; s-*J 

labib ; &*fc s~a»l» sahib himma-t ; 

Jua* muqayyad. 
Industry, 8. {arts) gjUJ\ as- 

sanayi*. — {diligence) *\&+\ ijti- 

had ; •>#* jahd ; *M> taqayyud ; 

,j*- sa*i ; «** jidd. 
Indweller, 8. y&~ sakin (pi. 

q\£~ sukkan) ; (^U qa^in (pi. 

CjVlai qutfan). 
Inebriate, v. ^- sakkar, yusak- 

kir ; j£~»\ askar, yuskir. 
Inebriation, Inebriety, 8. j&~ 

aukr ; »^- sakra-t. 
Ineffable, ad/. <-A-»ji 5 la yusaf ; 

o**: 3 la yuhka (3 aor. pass.). 
Ineffective, Ineffectual, In- 
efficient, Inefficacious, adj. 

y\*+ y^t gair muta'as§ir ; J1»W 

ba^il ; J*W ^fc gair 'amil ; ^ 

JU* gair fa"al. 
Inbfficacy, Inefficiency, 8. p±* 

l^e\A\ 'adam al-fa'iliya-t. 
Inelegance, 8. &\]A\ ^ 'adani ag- 

zarafa-t; *^*> fJ* 'adam bah- 


Inelegant, adj. «-^t ^ gair 

zarif ; g« ^ gair bahij. 
Ineligible, ad/. jVas^ la yuhtar ; 
AjUj^\ ^iU* 3 la yumkin intihab- 
In eloquent, adj. £*** ^ gair 

Inept, adj. &$ ^ gair layiq ; ^ 
jLU gair satir ; q*$\ J^* qalil 
Inequality, 8. S^U^» j»ac 'adam 
musawat; «-*^*M ihtilaf; J^ 
Inert, adj. ^;*** ^ gair muta- 
harrik ; &^N ^J^ 'adim al-hara- 
ka-t; J*tf kahil; <>> M*-y. 
Inertness, *. &^ (•*** 'adani l^ara- 

Inestimable, adj. &♦** <U U ma ia- 
hu qima-t; y+* ** U ma la-hu 
s a man. 
Inevitable, adj. &*+ £* $ la mifarr 
min-hu ; ^y&W ^^» ;*& gair mum- 
kin al-firar; **• J* 5 la budd 
Inexcusable, adj. j«W 2 la yu'zar 
(3 aor. pass.); »*** jtA gair 
ma*zur ; *«**-** «*£ gair muta'az- 
Inexhaustible, adj. tjk $ la yaf- 
rag ; J^xj 5 la yanfad ; o^A> 2 la 
Inexorable, adj. (^ U la yalin ; 
p*-f m 3 la yarham ; &•*•; ^ 0^ 
min gair rah ma- 1. 
Inexpediency, 8. SjoUX\ p±z *adam 
ai-fayida-t; ^ UJ\ p±* 'adam 
Inexpedient, adj. g*^ ^ gair 
nafi* ; »^* ^ gair mufid ; j<£ 
&\y» gair muwafiq; s-^^ jt* 
gair wajib. 
Inexpensive, adj. <jo*^ rail?* 
Inexperience, «. S^ &s qillat 

hubra-t ; A .^>» y A> 6 gaiumiya-t. 
Inexperienced, adj. ^£j\ J^ 
qalil ai-hubra-t ; p<t&& ga^im (pi. 
Ws^ gu^ama). 
Inexpert, adj. ^»U ^ gair ^ir ; 
ybU ^ gair mahir ; j*i ^ gair 
• labiq. 

Digitized by 



Inexpiable, adj. y*t 3 la yugfar 

(3 aor. pass.) ; y**H> 3 la yus- 

tagfar (3 aor. pass. x.). 

Inexplicable, adj. ty** * la yu&- 

rah (3 aor. pass.) ; ^-JL* 3 1£ 

yatafassar (3 aor. v.). 

Infallibility, *. LUN ^ ^Us^ 

i'tisam min al-gala{ ; &* s 

U»^N 'isma-t < an al-hata*. 

Infallible, adj. U*tt ^ 

ma'sum min al-galaf. 
Infamous, adj. ty*" mafduh ; £*-&* 

fadih ; df+» mahtuk. 
Infamy, s. i*~& fadifca-t (pi. ^U* 
fadayih) ; jW < a r; s-** 4 aib (pi. 
v»j** 'uyiib) ; v£lsA hatk. 
Infancy, *. fly*L tufula-t; SJy*. 

Infant, s. JaU jafl, tffl (pi. JUM 

atfal, JyM tuful). 
Infanticide, *. jit Jsi qatl tifl. 
Infantile, adj. J& {iiii-y ; ^yu 

Infantry, «. Su^. /U* 'asakir mui- 

Infatuate, v. UUa Sagaf, yasgaf ; 

gJ; walla', yuwalli*. 
Infatuation, *. uu* fogaf ; ^>M 

Infect, v. W 'ada, ya'du ; ^ 
sara, yasri. — {corrupt) ju-J\ a f- 
sad, yufsid. 
Infection, *. Sjoc 'adwa-t; Wj 
waba J d*^ saraya-t ; £*l*t i 9 4- 
Infectious, ai/. ^j^* mu'di ; ^U 

Infer, v. ^ qu*~\ istantaj min, 
yastantij; Jllc Jja-t istadall 
*ala, yastadill. 
Inferable, adj. J3ju-3\ J»tf qabil 

al-istidlal ; g&Ag yuntaj. 
Inference, s. *^ natija-t (pi. 
e*Vs» natayij); ^1*5 qiy&s (pi. 
&*~£\ aqyisa-t). 
Inferior, adj. <JS\ adna; J*-\ 
asfal, f. ^jU^ sufla (pi. JaU asa- 
fil) ; oty auta ; JW aqall. 
Inferiority, a. ^U«> danaya-t ; 
> sitia-t. 


jahimi-y ; 

Infernal, adj. _ 

^ *^» jahannami-y. 
Infest, r. s-**^ 'azzab, yu'azzib ; 
G*)\ az*aj, yaz'ij'; ^S\ azza, 
Infidel, <«(/., *. ytf kafir (pi. ; ltf 
kuffar, Sy* kafara-t), f. S^\^ ka- 
fira-t (pi. ^/ kawafir). 
Infidelity, s. ytf kufr ; ^Uf kuf- 
ran ; ^aH fie 'adam act-din. — 
{faithlessness) Uy^ ^ 'adam al- 
Infinite, adj. h^p d U ma la-hu 
nihaya-t; <** 3 la yuhadd ; 3 
^s*** la tuhsa; ^^^ yt£ gair 
Infinitive, «. (tit grammar) ;J^» 

masdar (pi. jj\*+ masadir). 
Infinity, s. j*.w3\ ^oe 'adam at- 
tahdid ; &»\*A\ f** 'adam an-niba- 
Infirm, adj. U^jla da 4 if (pi. Vfac& 
4u'afa) ; J^ 'alii (pi. W a'illa) ; 
u*i/* marid (pi. ^^ mar4a, 
v>^» mira4) ; (*•**- saqim. 
Infirmary, s. ^y^\ o-<* bait al- 
marda; \*jA\ ; (j dar a^-safa; 
t)^*;W bimaristan (vulg. (^Vs-^U 
mari8tan, Pers.). 
Infirmity, s. Uuu 4a'af; ,jy 
mar4 (pi. ^^ amrad) ; £J* 
'illat (pi. Jlfi «ilal) ; ^^ *4ha-t. 
Inflame, t;.a. j^* ^araq, yahriq ; 
^ auqad, yuqid ; J«a ^a« a l, 
yai'al; it. j^\ ihtaraq, yat- 
tariq ; s-^5^ lltahab, yaltahfb. 
Inflammability, *. j\y^^ &£\2 

qabiliya-t al-i^tiraq. 
Inflammable, adj. s-o^* mult&- 

Inflammation, *. s^V^J^ iltihab ; 
dfrf** i^tiraq ; S ; y. harara-t ; 
kp nariya-t {of the eyea). 
Inflammatory, adj. J^* muhriq ; 
^ nart-y; ^ ^ a rr ; <J^\ 
Inflate, v. ^» nafah, yanfah. ; 

naffah, yunaflBh. 
Inflation, *. ** nafh ; tUxrt inti- 

Inflect, v. ukLc -attaf, yu'attif } 

Digitized by 



,y*> tana, ya^ni; hanna, vu- 
hanni. — (grammatically) **Jy sar- 
raf, yus/.irrif. 
Ihflection, *. «-ALe <a{f ; J~« mail. 
— (of words) i-Ai^a? tasrif ; ^yo 
%xri.— (intonation) 8+J6 nagma-t ; 
^ latn (pi. VJ\ alhan, ^^J 
lu^iin) ; «t>j* S^i nahza-t saut. 
Ihflexibility, 8. Us*W fjui «adam 
al-iuhina; &j!o*M f ^xc 'adam al- 
'atufa-t; *>Uc 'inad. 
Inflexible, adj. ^ ^ gair lay- 
j'm ; ^y^j 3 la yan^ani (3 aor. 
vii.); &y»*J\ ^>oc *adim al-'atu- 
fa-t. — (unyielding) ***** 'anid ; 
•*jJA sadid. 
Inflict, v. ^ m f& qada, yaqdi; f*£*- 
ljakam, yahkutn (^eUaRj &JLe 
'ale-hi bi-'l-qisas) ; s-**^ 'aqab, 
yu'aqib ; (j**tf qasj.?, yuqaaas. 
Infliction, *. ^^ij a*jSUw buku- 

ma-t bi-qisas. 
Inflorescence, 8. ju>)\ izhar ; ^J>j\ 

izdihar ; j\jA)\ izhirar. 
Influence, *. jJ\s ta'sir; ^ 

hukm ; fijAi qudra-t. 
Influence, t;. ^ /\ assar fi, yu- 

'a§§ir ; ^ J*e *amil fi, ya'mal. 

Influential, adj. %<& s^ilo sahib 

qudra-t ; ^*>VS qadir ; y if <^*Xo 

j\isi\ g&hib quwwa-t wa iqtidar. 

Influenza, *. Ry nazia-t (pi. J^y 

Influx, Influxion, 8. Jy*>*> duhul ; 

v^»l ingibab. 
Inform, v. y&- habbar, yuhabbir ; 
jt±\ ah bar, yuhbir ; p^\ a'lam, 
yu*lim. — (ajainst a person) yj*** 
^ {a'awan *ala, yata'awan ; ^yu. 
s^ sa'a bi, yas'a ; s-> o^ wasa bi, 
Information, 8. j*&» habar (pi. j\*±\ 
ah bar) ; j**** tahbir ; p£*s ta'lim ; 
pte\ i'lam. — (accusation) h^ 
wLsaya-t ; ^U- sraya-t. 
Informer, 8. j**y muhbir; £l** 
inuballig. — (accuser) <j\f 4 iwa- 
ni-y ; jW* gamraaz ; ^Mj was! 
(pL *&>L_a.j wusat) ; j»Ui nam- 

Infraction, e. </» naq4; t-* 

199 [fro 

fash ; o^ nakg ; **J«5 ta'di- 

Infrequency, *. gjijtt aU qillat al- 

wuqu'; «>j*jtt &* qillat al-wujud. 
Infrequent, adj. ^ nadir; J*li 

gjSjN qalil al-wuqu*. 
Infringe, v. J& naqa4, yanqud ; 

^— i fasah, yafsah ; ^J^* ta'adda, 

Infringement, 8. J& naq$. 
Infuriate, v. g*^ hayyaj, yuhay- 

yij ; s-At^ agclab, yugdib ; tU\ 

agag, yugiz. 
Infuse, v. ga» naqa', yanqa* ; naq- 

qa*, yunaqqi*. — (inspire) ^ 

alham, yulhim. 
Infusion, «. g»naq'; gy» nuqu 1 ; 

^s?» naqi*. 
Inoeniou8, adj. y^U mahir ; ^3 

zaki-y ; &a*A zahiu ; ^* fabim. 
Inoeniousness, Ingenuity, s. *j£* 

zakawa-t ; ^»S zihn (pi. q\j*S\ 

azhan) ; ^-\^ firasa-t. 
Ingenuous, adj. j*\* sadiq ; jA^* 

muhlis; <j*U 9 afi; ^U. Mlis ; 

gjL. sadij. 
Ingenuousness, s. ja* sidq ; a*^ju» 

sadaqa-t ; Sj\A« § ifawa-t ; vj 6 *^** 

hulus ; ie* ^/p^ hahis niya-t ; 

Wju sadaja-t. 
Inglorious, ac(/. JJL*. ^i ^gj]. 

jalil ; t)±++ yt± gair inamduh. 
Ingot, «. & £& ** sabika-t (pi. *a\i\*« 

Ingraft, v. f**± ta"am, yuta"im. 
Ingrain, v. £*-> eabag, yasbug; 

sabbag, yusabbig. 
Ingrate, 8. jy£± je± gair sakur; 

^j})*+}\ £\i nakir al-ina*ruf. 
Ingratiate, v. AU*-\ istamal, yas- 

tamil ; c-4L*sJI ista^af ; yasta^if . 
Ingratitude, s. ^y^« pj* *adam 

mamnuniya-t ; U» ;r -JtJ^ <J>r-& 

(o^~^N) nukran alm^ruf (al- 

itsan); (&+*A\) ^^\ ^ kuf- 

ran al-jamil (an-ni c ma-t). 
Ingredient, s. &* juzu (pi. \y+\ 

Ingress, s. Jytj duhul 
Ingulf, v. & bala 7 , yabla* ; &*\ 

ibtala*, yabtali*. 

Digitized by 


Inh] 200 


Inhabit, v. <j* e*- sakan fi, yas- 

kun; ^ (J* qatan fi, yaqtun; 

^yu.\ istautan, yastautin. 
Inhabitable, adj. o^-^ yansakin 

(3 aor. vn.) ; * ■* < ■■■ » s-^U- mu- 

nasib li - 's - sakana-t ; j j -» * * 

Inhabitant, a. (^- sakin (pi. y^- 

sukkan); e^^ qatin (pi. ^VLi 

quttan) ; (J-Vf mutawattin ; 

^yu^» mu8tautin. 
Inhalation, «. (j~A^ tanaffus. 
Inhale, v. (j-Aa? tanaffas, yatanaf- 

fas ; fA saium, yasumm. 
Inharmonious, adj. &+*A\ p*** 

*adim an-nagma-t. 
Inhere, v. <3-^H iltasaq, yaltasiq ; 

,jU^ i'talaq, ya'taliq; pp lazam, 

Inherence, s. j\^\ iltisaq ; j>k*\ 

i'tilaq ; **j!fc* mulazama-t. 
Inherent, ad/, ^fi^ hiilqi-y ; <J~\ 

asli-y ; o^ J ?ati-y ; jW jibil- 

Inherit, v. *># waras, yans.^ 

Inheritance, s. ^ irs ; &\j) wi- 

rasa-t; *&>\^ miras (pi. estjtj* 

mawaris) ; &y tarika-t. 


'adam ad-diyafa-t. 
Inhospitable, adj. ^W^^ gair 

midyaf ; c-A*-^^ pair mudif. 
Inhuman, adj. £**U-^ <sJ U ma la- 

hu insaniya-t ; 8+*-s d ^ ma 

la-hu rahma-t ; Isl&S\ ^ac 'adim 

Inhumanity, s. (&J\~J^) &a*M r ^ 

'adam as - safaqa-t (al - insani- 

ya-t) ; ^ zulm ; SjL-i qasa- 

Inimical, adj. <*$fl** 'adawi-y ; 

*Jk3Vae» muhalif. 
Inimitable, adj. d&t ^ la yuta- 

kallad (3 aor. pass, v.) ; £***>• y£ 

gair mutatabba' ; Jj*** j<£ gair 

Iniquitous, adj. J^ j-*± gair 

'adil; JUH\ J*I5 qalil al-insaf; 

A3 «_*U\ 3 la insaf la-hu; ^ 

zalini ; ^*ft asira. 
Iniquity, *. &\jud\ ^ac 'adam al- 

<adala-t; JU\ Oi qfflat insaf; 
,Jk zulm ; )f* jaur. 

Initial, arf/. ^^ ibtidai-y ; J^ 

Initials, *. lt\x^\ ^J^ huruf ibti- 

Initiate, v. (instruct in the rudi- 
ments) s}yW rl* 'allam al-usul, 
vu'allim. — (give entrance) J^ 
adhal, yudhil. 

Initiation, s. ,**!** ta'lim ; JV^^ 

Inject, v. £ *fi ^ * K * # bahh bi-'l- 
mihqana-t, yabuhh ; (^ haqan, 

Injection, s. (act of injecting) & 
bahh ; ^«^. buhbuha-t. — (liquid 
injected) &*&. huqna-t. 

Injudicious, adj. i»W^^ J* 15 qalil 
al-ihtiyat ; )«1^^ J«l* qalil at- 
tamyiz ; *«& aJ U ma la-hu basi- 
ra-t ; J-* ^* ; ^ ^rair muta'am- 

Injudiciousne8s, *. J*«i^ &* qillat 
al-*aql ; >t»^5\ p** 'aHam at-tam- 
yiz ; S j ga«M j»j^ *adam al-basira-t. 

Injunction, *. ^^ hukm (pi. f»^^ 
N ; y\ amr (pi. y\A ~~~ 
Lj* 5 wasiya-t l 

ahkam) ; ^ amr (pi. y*y awa- 
mir) ; ^-^ wasiya-t (pi. VjU^ 

Injure, v. j* darr, yadurr ; ^ 
darar, yudarir ; y±\ adarr, yudirr. 

Injurious, ad/. y*+ mudirr ; ;U 
darr ; ^y* miizi ; ^^ zaliin. 

Injury, s. \j*> darar ; ly** madar- 
ra-t ; h^ aziya-t ; WL^ magla- 
ma-t ; q)^» nuqsan ; SjL^s. hasa- 

Injustice, s. &\±* f±* 'adaui *ada- 
la-t ; *-A*»\ ®3 qi]la-t insaf ; (•&* 
gulra ; ^ jaur. 

Ink, «. ^c^ hibr ; ^J^ midad. 

Inkstand, 8. va>^j dawat; ^;*> da- 
way a- 1 ; &^*^* mahbara-t, mill, 
bara-t (pi. ^Uy* mahabir). 

Inland, s. J^W dahil; p^ J*^*> 
dahil al-barr. 

Inlay, v. £~ ; rassa 4 , yurassi 4 ; ^1* 
qallam, yuqallim. 

Inlet, «. (entrance) J***** mad Hal. 
— (6ay) ;y^ haur (pl.;V^ afe w »r)- 

Digitized by 





Inmate, s. vs~~tt J*\ y min ahl 

al-bait; J*« 'ayyal (pi. JW* 

'iyal, JiW* 4 ayayil). 
Inmost, Innermost, adj. J^»>^ al- 

Inn, *. (jV^ han (pi. v&A>U. hanat) ; 

Jy^ manzil (pi. Jj^* manazil) ; 

fto>VS^ lokanda-h. 
Innate, adj. o***^ tabi*i-y ; ^^ 

garizi-y ; J«- jibilli-j. 
Inner, adj. {further in) J-*-^ 

adhal. — {interior) J^U dahil ; 

0U* ba^in. 
Inn-keeper, «. Jy*^ s-^-U sa^ib 

al-manzil; o***** uianzilji; yjr^ 

hanji ; fta»^i3T s-**-^ sahib al- 

Innocence, 8. ^4-oc 'isma-t; 5;\^ 

barara-t ; s~W &»5u salamat al- 

qalb ; \& naqa ; W-*- sadaja-t. 
Innocent, ad;. s-laN p^~> salim al- 

qalb ; ^ bari-y (pi. V^ abriya) ; 

jL-t birr (pi. )^ abrar) ; (•J— 8 ** 

ma'sum ; e*A- sadij. 
Innocuous, Innoxious, ad;. ^ 

^a* gair mutjlirr; u*W *** ^ ma 

fi-hi bas. 
Innovate, v. «£>j^ al?da§, yuljdis ; 

Jas*\ ibtada', yabtadi* ; f;*^ 

ihtara', yahtari'. 
Innovation, s. *±>\<**.\ ihdaj ; $as^ 

ibtida' ; &f*\ ihtira' ; 
Innuendo, *. 5jlfc\ isara-t; v— ** 

gamz ; Uj warn', waraa ; £*Us ki- 

naya-t; y> ramz (pi. )fj ru- 

Innumerable, od/. •*** $ layu'add ; 

^j-acp S la yubsA (3 aor. pass.). 
Inoculate, v. p*L ta"am, yu- 

ta"im ; ^ laqqafc, yulaqqifc. 
Inoculation, 8. (*& tat'im ; && 

Inodorous, adj. fy+**" )** gair 

Inoffensive, adj. y** j<£ gair mu- 

4irr ; j-a* 3 la yatfurr ; ^ V j<£ 

gair mu'zi. 
Inoffensiveness, *. k>R p** 'adam 
aziya-t; ft^ fJ* 'adam matfar- 
Ixopbbative, adj. J^Ve ^ gair 

<amil; JUi -fc gair fa"al; jtA 

f*y* £ a * r mu a s§i r ' 

Inopportune, adj. ***$ ^ ^ fi 
gair waqt-hu. 

Inordinate, ad/, {irregular) j*£ 
^j** gair mad but * fr*** p* gair 
man gum. — {excessive) !»/>* mu- 
frit; *$) zayid; ^^ 0* 6)^- 
harij 'an al-ljadd. 

Inorganic, adj. «x*W jamid (pi. 
Ju-h jamad, ^*^ jawamid) ; yt£ 
^ac gair 'iijwi-y. 

Inquest, s. ^j^fi tafahbu? ; &i\*+ 

Inquietude, *. *r>\J**\ i<Jtirab ; 
a<^ balbala-t (pi. Jth balabil) ; 
J^y** taiwis ; &* .qalaq. 

Inquire, v. (o«& /or) ^«A^.\ istaf- 
ham, ya8taf him ; j*s*z~,\ istahbar, 
yaatabbir (both with ^ ^ 'an 
Se-y); o^u*-^ istaqsa, yastaq?!. 
—{examine) u ^<^» tafattas, yata- 
fathae ; e~~; ba^ag, yabJ^ag. 

Inquiry, *. {question) f\&s~\ istif- 
ham ; ;Wafc*-^ istihbar ; j\ m*totm \ 
istifsar. — {search for) {t ^^» ta- 
fahhu?; Jt—atti taf tig ; <i^-flp 

Inquisitive, adj. J*-W mudibil; 
^j^ax-^ mu§taqsi. 

Inquisitiveness, «. ^U-^ muda- 
hala-t; Ute~\ istiq^a. 

Inquisitor, *. (>^u mufattis*. 

Inroad, *. {encroachment) ^•^ 
ta'addi ; J;VL? tatawul. — {inva- 
sion) 5;^ gara-t ; &-*£ kabsa-t. 

Insalubrious, od|;. ;V^ migyar; 
pf>) wahum ; fxj±) wahim. 

Insane, adj. (Or^ majnun (pi. 
^ V» majamn) ; ,>yaU maltui ; 
s^^» musab. 

Insanity, «. ^^ jonun; W jin- 
na-t ; Jl*- halal. 

Insatiability, adj. fr*A\ (*** 'adam 

Insatiable, adj. &M 5 la yaiba* ; 
^h $ la yaqna 1 . 

Inscribe, v. ^ raqam, yarqum; 
raqqam, yuraqqim; s^ katab, 
yaktub. — (dedicate) v^ ^^ 
ahda kitab, yuhdi. 


Digitized by 





Inscription, s. *A** kitaba-t. — (of 

a book) ^y* 'anwan. 
Inscrutable, adj. djSi $ la yud- 

rak; yoA*: $ ] a yuhfas (3 aor. 

Inscrutablenbss, 8. d\j4$\ fOC 

'adam al-idrak. 
Insect, s. Ij&* ^aiara-t ; ^*> du- 

Insecure, adj. &+\ *«i U ma fi-bi 

aman ; yt-\ j*t gair amin ; cJ^fe^ 

Insecurity, s. q\+\ &* qillat anian ; 

<-*)*» bauf ; SjL W« mubatara-t. 
Insensate, adj. &f+" majnun (pi. 

(£**W* majanin). 
Insensibility, s. ^La.^ ,*&& 'adam 

al-ifcsas ; <J**)\ j»xz 'adam al- 

tass. — (dulness) »*>#» baruda-t. 
Insensible, adj. (without percep- 
tion) u»+}\ &** 'adim al-ljass. — 

(imperceptible) y-j-^* ^ gair 

Inseparability, 8. j^j-mM ^ 

'adam al-infiraq, Ac. 
Inseparable, adj. jj^i 3 la yan- 

fariq ; J^j 3 la yanljall (3 aor. 

vii.) ; jualK y£++ «* gair mum- 
kin al-infisal ; *)L5toS\ g-A&»^ 

mumtani' al-infikak. 
Insert, v. J**>\ adhal, yudbil ; ^ 

wallaj, yuwallij; gty aulaj, yu- 

lij ; J\ ^iU\ a4af ila, yutff . 
Insertion, s. &*\ ilaj ; jWat id- 

Inside, «., «#. J*W dabil ; ^^ 

Insidious, adj. J** gaddar; JS* 

makkar ; j& 'ayyar. 
Insidiou8Ness, *. h£+ makariya-t ; 

/- makr; *1<^ hila-t (pi. J*^ 

Insight, 0. &&ft fitna-t; &Ub» fi{a- 

na-t; 8^** basira-t; ^ fahm 

(pi. r ^i fubum) ; Uf+ ma'rifa-t 

(pi. «-J ; U* ma'arif). 
Insignia, s. WU 'alama-t (pi. *A 

-at, f*U 'aJayim); ^U** ntean 

(pi. (£*±W nayasin). 
Insignificance, *. <jjm* *4d 'adam 


Insignificant, adj. <y** 43 U ma 

la-bu ma'na; J*l* qalil; J^ 

Insincere, adj. j*>U ^ gair 

sadiq ; <joiW ^* gair halis ; ^ 

(joloe* gair mublis. 
Insincerity, s. ja-M (*** 'adam 

as-sidq ; &i\^\ ^ac 'adam as- 

sadaqa-t ; (jo^ON ^ 'adam al- 

Insinuate, v. (hint) j\*\ aiar, 

yuiir; ^ laqqan, yulaqqin ; 

^) wa^a, yajii. — (push one's 

self into favour) i- d e* s ~*\ ista'taf, 

Insinuating, adj. ^Ve**J\ isti'ta- 


Insinuation, s. (hint) S ; U\ isara-t. 

— (into favour) «*jUc*aJ isti'faf. 
Insipid, adj. &**t d) U ma. la-bu 

ta'ma-t ; Wl aJ U ma la-hu laz- 

za-t ; gi*> dali' ; *>jW barid. 
Insipidity, s. &**UT ^jlc 'adam a$- 

ta'ma-t; iUJ\ ^ *adam al-laz- 

Insist, t?. gJ lajj, yalijj (witb ^ 

fi, or J^ 'ala) ; ^ «^*> §abbat 

fi ; yugabbit. 
Insnare, v. £*&\ ^ g*^ auqa' fi-'l- 

fahb, yuqi ; *>Ub-\ i 9 ^ a d, yas^ad. 
Insobriety, s. /~ sukr ; ^X- sak- 

Insociable, adj. J^*H 3 la yata- 

'a^ar (3 aor. pass, vi.); ^ 

Insolence, s. &*M) waqaha-t ; &Jb\A- 

safaha-t; ^ batar; i«/ far- 

Insolent, adj. & waqib (pi. c^j 

wuqat); M- safih (pi. V«A- 8 u- 

faha) ; *£*• mutakabbir ; 

mutajabbir ; }* batir. 
Insolubility, *. J)MN ^ 'adam 

Insoluble, Insolvable, adj. (riot 

to be dissolved) J*-** $ la yan^iall 

(3 aor. vii.) ; J^3\ £^*« mum* 

tana' al-tall. — (not to be ex- 
plained) tj** $ la yu^rali ; /— A»j ^ 

la yataf assar. 

Digitized by 





Insolvency, s. ijJA iflas; j\-£}\ 
inkisar ; r~* 'usr. 

Insolvent, adj., s. w^A* muflls; 
)?*-£* maksur ; j— ** niu'sir. 

Insomuch, conj. ^^ hatta; M& 
jAaJ\ bi-haza al-qadr. 

Inspect, v. jkVi nazar, yunazir. 

Inspection, 8. S^U* munazara-t. 

Inspector, a. ^U nazir (pi. J& 

Inspiration, *. (breathing) <j-tu5 
tanaffus ; ^-^ nafas. — (revela- 
tion) f>W ilhara ; ^) wahi (pi. 
£*a^ auhiya-t). 

Inspire, v. (breathe) (j~Atf tanaffas, 
yatanaffas. — (supematurally) 
^y waha, yahi ; { j^^\ auha, 
yuhi ; (*£\ alham, yulhim ; (*** 
hatam, yahtim. — (imbue with) 
*±>.w\ ahdas, yufcdis. ; J*-*>\ adhal, 
yudhil (both with J> fi). 

Inspirit, v. \ff- iarrad, yuharrid ; 
s-*> raggab, ^ yuraggib; J# 
nahha, yunahhi. 

Instability, s. v&>ljJ fls qillat gabat ; 
fp i\i qiUat qarar. 

Instal, v. s—** o* cr 1 * ] alias fi 
mansab, yujallis ; s— ^ nasab, 
yansub; ffr\ aqam, yuqim. — 
(install one 9 8 self)jte~\ istaqarr, 

Installation, 8. s-**-** mansab ; 
<j~£r tajlis ; Ajte-A istiqrar. 

Instalment, s. t*i qig$. 

Instance, #. (example) J** masal 
(pi. J^ amsal) ; JU* misal (pi. 
&£•* amsila-t) ; S^ 'ibra-t. — 
(occasion) *->;* fursa-t (pi. <j©> 
furas). — (solicitation) J\y* suwal 
(pi. &&~\ as'ila-t) ; W; raja ; **1L 
talaba-t ; Vcja-\ istid'a. 

Instance, t>. J** massaljyumassil; 
J^UJ tamassal, yatamassal. 

Instant, ad/\ (urgent) p\y muzim ; 
<4tfr* daniri-y ; £)} laziin. — 
( present) y*\*> hadir ; *f*>y mau- 
jud. — (entreating) ^y-*** niuta- 

Instant, *. ^W lahza-t ; £^*J 
lamha-t; &**•> daqiqa-t (pi. «J*^*> 

Instantaneous, ad;. «-Aiy> &* bi-14 

tawaqquf ; A^ct. ^ ibn sa'at-hu. 
Instead, prep., o^v. 0* ij>f *iwa4 

'an, (^ ~$±i badlan min ; &y+t 

bi-raanzila-t ; J^* ^ fi m ah all. 
Instep, s. ^ qadam (pi. pW\ aq- 

dam, f^J^ aqdum). 
Instigate, v. dy± harrak, yuhar- 

rik ; J**> hamal, ya^mil ; ^f- 

harrad, yuharri<J. 
Instigation, s. *iif* tahrik ; ij*^ 

tahri4 ; ***** hass ; ^yt\ igwa\ 
Instil, v. fci qattar, yuqattir ; ^ 

aqtar, yuqtir ; J*-^ adhal, yud- 
Instinct, *. &J> {aba* ; ^^eJ* )«^ 

tamyiz tabi'i-y. 
Instinctive, adj. &&\ v3»^ mu- 

tabiq at-taba' ; o**?^ t&bi'i-y. 
Institute, v. *-r~* nasab, yan?ub ; 

fto\ aqain, yuqim; J*> ja'al, 

Institute, Institution, 8. **Vi\ 

iqama-t; £*) wada* (pi. gU^\ 

au4a 4 ). 
Instruct, v. (teach) (A* 'allam, yu- 

'allim; ^^ 'arraf, yu'arrif. — 

(give directions) <j*j wassa, yu- 

Instruction, s. pj** ta'lim ; s-st*>^ 

ta'dib ; ^^e*' tafhim. — (advice ) 

W-* maflaha-t* — (direction) 

&**) wasiya-t (pi. V*Uj wasaya) ; 

&**f tausiya-t ; &\£) wakala-t. 
Instrument, s. (tool) ®\ ala-t. — 

(contract) s^^ kitab (pi. s-^ 

kutub); &V» bujja-t (pi. c^c- 

Instrumental, adj. J^^ 'amil; 

,J^U fa'ili-y; <#*** mu'in. — (of 

music) Jfi\ alati-y. 
Instrumentality, «. &J*\* fa'ili- 

ya-t; & *k~> sababiya-t; &~^ 

wasita-t (pi. VjU^ wasayit). 
Insubordinate, adj. «-AJU^» muha- 

lif ; ^W'asi. 
Insubordination, s. (j)W*» 'isyan; 

&)U^ muhalafa-t. 
Insufferable, Insupportable, 

adj. jtia** 3 la yantaq (3 aor. 

vii.) ; yy+^\ Q&++ jtA gair 

Digitized by 





mumkin at-tatammul ; > * ■ i> * 
Insufficiency, *. **Va£N f** 'adam 
al-kafaya-t ; &*k\jA\ f±* 'adam 
Insufficient, s. o 4 ^;** g** 1 " kafi 5 

yoiU naqis ; y»Ac <ajiz. 
Insular, ad;. c5^V jazaid-y. 
Insult, * 4t^ aziya-t ; <£>*** ta'ad- 

di ; \f*\ iftira ; \*** 6atni. 
Insult, v. JLc t^sM iftara *ala, yaf- 
tari ; ^ gatam, yaitum ; 6at- 
tam, yu^attim. 
Insuperable, adj. ^% ^ la yuqhar ; 

s^J*i S la yuglab (3 aor. pass.). 
Insupportable, adj. see Insuf- 
Insuppres8IBLE, adj. (inconquer- 
able) s-W * la yuglab ; W**i 3 la 
yu<Jbat. — (inconcealable) o**: 9 
yuhfa. — (not to be abolished) 2 
JW la yubjal (all 3 aor. pass.). 
Insurance, s. S^j- saukira-t; 
& ; j£c~ sikurta-t; &-J ; j**- siku- 
ransa-t ; &jV~^J\ Ci >**-ai taxjmin al- 
Insure, v. fy* saukar, yusaukir ; 
SjU^tt &+* (Jamman al-hasara-t, 
Insurgent, s. o*^ 'asi (pi. «*Uc 
«usat) ; o^j^ hariji-y (pi. tfy 
hawarij) ; <^ fattan ; ^ bagi 
(pi. vaAij bugat, (^W** bugyan). 
Insurmountable, adj. s-W 2 la 
yuglab ; &*i * la yuqta' (8 aor. 
Insurrection, *. &■** fitna-t (pi. 
^ fitan); &+? qauma-t; a (^*°* 
'is van, 'usyan ; SjUe 'asawa-t ; 
l^kL tfgyan; e^ buruj ; ^l 
Insusceptible, adj. taAtt f*i±z 
'adim as-safaqa-t ; <j«5) pA gair 
Intact, adj. (untouched) v*yd* ^ 
gair malmus; y-j«~** ^ gair 
mamsus. — (uninjured) )yy*+ j<£ 
gair madriir ; **U salim ; gJU 
salih (pi. qj*N* salihun, c^* 

Intangible, *. u**k S la yulmas ; 

^^♦4 3 la yumass. 
Integer, s. c*** JAC 'adad sahib ; 

j-S* y£ ojlc 'adad gair mukas- 

Integral, adj. e*^-° sahih; J*^ 

Integrant, adj. J*£* mukammil ; 

^4^* mutammim. 
Integrity, 8. (completeness) JU£ 

kanial; pU> tamam. — (ttprigAt- 

ness) &° salah) ; v/>^ hulus. 
Integument, s. ^ qis> (pi. ;^5 

qusur) ; ^ jild ; *<*+ jilda-t (pi. 

*J+ julud) ; cJfcfc gilat (pi. ^t 

gulf) ; ^± gisa* (pi. M^ agsi- 

Intellect, s. Jac 4 aql (pi. J^ 

«uqiil); ^ lahm (pi. ^ fu- 

hiim) ; ««J^ idrak ; )f*> su*ur ; 

&~\ji firasa-t. 
Intellectual, od;. J^ 'aqli-y ; 

Jfic ^»i zu 4 aql ; ^y^ 

mudnk ; 

^ fahiin ; ~ ^ s— ^ sahib 

fahm (pi. s^-»t ashab). 
Intelligence, «. (mcntof capacity) 

&~\j> firasa-t; ^ fahm; *>V>* 

idrak ; ^^ zihn. — (news) j*s* 

habar (pi. j^A ahbar) ; ^*" ha- 

Intelligent, adj. J*^ «aqil ; *%e8* 

fahim ; ;^**» s-^^> sahib su'ur ; 

yfcU mahir; <-r+*J labib (pi. ^ 

alibba) ; l-\f ,* ?u firasa-t. 
Intelligible, adj. (*&t yanfahim 

(3 aor. vii.); r ^* mafhiim ; 

f«Art ^ qabil al-fahm ; ^U-* 

*«J\j»>^ mumkin al-idrak. 

LITY, *. d\j4$\ q&*\ imkan al- 
idrak ; (*&\ q\&+\ imkan al-fahm. 

Intemperance, *. I*\j\ iirk% ; p& 
naham ; **J W^ inhimak. 

Intemperate, adj. l^ mufri^ ; 
+*& nahim ; va Uq ;^ muuhatuik ; 
,3<a sabiq. 

Intend, v. *** qasad, yaqsid ; ±~B 
taqassad, yataqassad ; *>\j\ arad, 
yurid ; ^ 'ana, ya*ni. 

Intendant, s. ^ nagir (jA. jte 
nuzzar) ; /»W* mubaiir ; Je^ 

Digitized by 


1st] 1 



walril (pi. X> wukala); Jy± 

hauli-y (pi. Jy*» hawul^ 
Intense, adj. •*».** 6adid; ^Jbc 

l azjm ; ^ kabir (pi. y** kibar, 

^ kubara). 
Intenseness, Intensity, s. $•** 

Intensify, v. *>ja gaddad, yu£ad- 

did ; v^y qawwa, yuqawwi. 
Intent, adj. <-^ *A.kif (pi. «-ij*c 

4 ukuf ) ; J^u muqayyad ; Jj*-*** 

Intention, *. *\f murad ; fo\j\ 

irada-t ; **-»* qasd ; 4y*B+ maq- 

*ud (pi. J^-Va^ maqasid); fj* 

*azm (pi. ^<jyft 4 uzuin) ; &*> niya-t 

(pi. **>W niyat) ; ^ garad (pi. 

i/>\jk\ agrad). 
Intentional, adj. *>j-A» maqsud ; 

^Jk-i qasdi-y ; tff* ma 4 zum. 
Intentness, *. **& taqayyud ; 

r \+s&\ ihtimani (pi. «wUU**t ih- 

timamat) ; ^j*- sa'i. 
Inter, v. ^ji** dafan, yadfin. 
Intercede, v. ^ £*■** tasaffa 4 fi, 

yataiaffa 4 ; <&* ^f tawassa* ben, 

Intercept, v. \J^ hai, ya^iuS; 

£»i qata 4 , yaqja 4 ; J* J** qabad 

4 ala, yaqbid. 
Interception, «. u^* qabd; g** 

mma' ; y^** b a j z * 
Intercession, 8. &*~\y muwasa- 

ja-t; !*-/ tawassuj; **\t* aaia- 

4 a-t. 
Interchange, v. J^i badal, yab- 

dul; J*>W» tabadal, yata badal ; 

v/y qawad, yuqawid ; u*^ ta- 

qawad, yataqawad. 
Interchange, «. J^ badal ; Ji***> 

tabdil ; fl*>W* mubadala-t ; &»jU* 

mu A awada-t. 
Interchangeable, ai;\ J^ <$*+" 

mumkin al-badai; &»>W*tt <3*^ 

layiq al mubadala-t ; £-^U*3\ J*VJ 

qabil al-inu 4 awa4a-t. 
Intercourse, *. S/iU* mu'a£ara-t ; 

A-^u*# ; &*U* mu 4 a- 

mala-t ; A-UU^ muhalata-t. — 


matjar; SjW 

Interdict, v. { J^ ^ harram 4 ala, 
yuharrim ; g** mana 4 , yamna 4 ; 
^ naha, yanhi. 

Interdict, Interdiction, 8. g** 
man 4 ; Je* nahi ; ^ haram. 

Interest, 8. (advantage) *^ fayi- 
dat; g*> naf 4 ; & ribh. — (con- 
cern) u*/ garad (pi. JrtjW ag- 
ra<J) ; jW*^ i 4 tibar ; &^ 'alaqa-t 
(pi. t>-j^ g 4 alaviq). — (share) 
A— hissa-t (pi. ua— hisaa) ; *>;* 
Sirk (pi. «2t/^ asrak). — (on 
money) 8a>U fayida-t (pi. ^U 
fawayid); W; riba; &*>}y mura- 

Interest, v. (affect) (J***, tannan, 
yuhannin; s-^ raggab, yurag- 
gib; jUs-\ istamfil, yastainil. — 
(concern) y^ hass, yahu?8 ; ^ 
4 ana, ya 4 ni. 

Interfere, v. (intermeddle) J^-W 
tadahal, yatadahal ; ^ tahallal ; 
yatahallal. — (oppose) g^ mana 4 , 
yamna 4 ; *J^U- halaf, yuhalif. 

Interference, 8. &d»\±* mudaha- 
la-t; Jl^tahallul. 

Interim. 8. Sj^« mudda-t. 

Interior, adj., 8. J^W dahil ; ^1»W 

Interjection, s. u&y* saut (pi. 
sA>\y*>\ aswat). 

Interlace, v. p* 4affar, yucjaffir; 
g-i nasaj, yausuj ; **M» ^abbak, 
yu^abbik; «t^ habbak, yuhab- 

Interloper, s. { J<A tufaili-y (pi. 
i-jLAt tufailiya-t) ; J^A- saflaq 
(pi. ifiJUu safaliqa-t) ; ^^ fu- 

Interlude, «. h±"j* p\~&\ {#& s-«5 
la 4 ab ben aqsam komediya-t. 

Intermeddle, v. J*»W tadahal, 

Interment, 8. <ji*> dafn; {^^ 
tadfin; ^i^ tadaffun ; SjW ja- 

Interminable, adj. &i\& aJ U ma 
la-hu nihaya-t. 

Intermingle, v.a. Ink. hala^, yah- 
lu£ ; n. i»^^ ihtalat, yahtali^. 

Intermission, #. ^»LV&» muqa^a'a-t ; 

Digitized by 





&a»\ inqit&' ; J*M tabtfl ; UUy 

tawaqquf ; ji halal (pi. JJU 

Intermit, v. g^ inqa$a', yan- 

qa*i 4 . 
Intermix, v.a. U^ hala{, yahluj; 

n. ^Xsa\ ihtalat, yahtalh;. 
Internal, adj. J±A*> dahil; ^W 

International law, 8. JU3\ j^ 

huquq al-milal. 
Internecine, adj. Jto qatil. 
Interpolate, v. ^ haia, yahii ; 

cs* ^^^^ft. has^a fi, yuljai*i. 
Interpolation, 8. &#±s& tah^iya-t. 
Interpose, v.a. l^yw £*> wa<jfa 4 bi- 

'1-wast, yada 4 ; k*j wassa$, yu- 

wassit ; n. !a~y tawassaf, yata- 

Interposition, *. *k-\j wasi^a-t 

(pi. k^j wasayit) ; k-y tawassut ; 

J3a-\^* muwasata-t. 
Interpret, v. ^/ tarjam, yutar- 

jim; ^-i fassar, yufassir; c/» 

6arab, yairah. 
Interpretation, s. l++y tarja- 

ma-t; j-tf tafsir; t/» $arh (pi. 

C^ ^uruh); ^W bay an ; «*** 

Interpreter, 8. £}U*.y tarjuman 

(pi. ij^V tarajamiu) ; ^y^ 

mutarjim; *-JU mufassir ; e^U 

Interregnum, *. 5^* fatra-t. 
Interrogate, 8. J*U sa'al, yas'al ; 

12+ p Q t a~ \ istafham min, yastaf- 

him ; ^ j*ats-\ istahbar min, 

Interrogation, 8. J^j- su'al (pi. 

&2~\ as'ila-t) ; f\&~.\ istifham ; 

jL-Ax-\ istifsar; jW«fc*~\ istihbar. 
Interrogative, 8. pW&~\ «jy» harf 

istifham (pi. •-*;;»- huruf). 
Interrogatory, «. ^W v&>3\j- 

suwalat al-qadi. 
Interrupt, v. £* qaja 4 , yaqta* ; 

JU «attal, yu'attil. 
Interruption, 8. Jto\ inqi^a' ; 

£*LU* muqata'a-t. 
Iniersect, v. £lrf qata 4 , yaqta' ; 

gtW taqata 4 , yataqa^a*. 

Intersection, $. gj* qata* (pi. 

£^i qutu') ; &\B taqatu 4 . 
Inter8per8E, v. ioL. halat, yahluj. 
Intersper8ION, s. ULt hilt, halt; 

Wu^t ihtilat. 
Interstice, Interval, 8. Jk- ha- 
lal (pi. JU hilal) ; (^ U ma 

bain, ben; ajL-* masafa-t. — {of 

time) ftJk* mudda-t. 
Intertwine, v. j* dafar, yadfir; 

daffar, yiujaffir; *&#*» habbak, 

Interval, 8. see Interstice. 
Intervene, v. ^-y tawassat, yata- 

wassat ; Ja^JS tadahal, yatada- 

hal ; ^jVi qaras, yuqaris. 
Intervention, s. k~y tawassnt ; 

&J\y» muwasata-t ; £U.\jk* muda- 

Interview, 8. 8Lo\p» muwasala-t; 

Us3\ iltiqa; Al}Vi« muqabala-t; 

4^^ muwajaha-t. 
Interweave, v. «si-^ hayyak, yu- 

bayyik ; Q~~i nasaj, yansuj ; /* 

dafar, yadtir; 4 anCiir » yudaffir. 
Intestate, adj. &**>) h bi-la wasi- 

ja-t ; I**) s y^ U ma 'amal wasi- 

Intestinal, adj. <4j«* mi*awi-y ; 

^5©*^ ma'yi-y. 
Intestine, adj. J«s-U dahil ; ^jlW 

Intestines, 8. ^ ahia; U#*\ 

tiin'a ; {$ij{*~ masarin ; jU^» ma- 

Intimacy, «. l~i\y mu'anasa-t ; 

&~~*\ unsa-t ; ^^« musahaba-t ; 

^Udalla-t; JS^dalal. 
Intimate, adj. s-^^» musahib ; 

v-i^y mu*anis ; u~*y inu'nis 

(munis) ; ^ nadim (pi. V^jJ 

nudama, f\*x nidam, ^jUjj nud- 

man) ; j»^« mahram (pi. ^\^» 

maharim); J^^ dahil; J la a 

Intimate, v. J*\ asar, yusir ; j** 

habbar, yuhabbir; p±\ ahbar. 

Intimation, s. S ; U\ isara-t ; y^, 

habar (pi. Ji^sA ahbar) ; X^J\ 


Digitized by 




Intimidate, v. kJ^ bawwaf, yu- 
hawwif; jy fazza', yufazzi' ; 
J>«^ ahjal, yuhjil. 
Intimidation, «. Lj\±\ ihafa-t; 

&^ tahwifa-t. 
Into, prep. ^ fi. 

Intolerable, adj. J*^ 9 la yuh- 
tamal (3 aor. vm.) ; J*^* B la 
yutabammal (3 aor. pass, v.) ; 
jUiuj S la yan^aq (3 aor. vn.) ; 
jU* 3 la yu^aq. 
Intolerance, «. J-^ca^ ^Afi 'adam 
tahammul; SjM ^ 'adam ija- 
Ihtolebant, atf;. J*^x* ^fi gair 

Intonate, v. ^ lal^han, yulah- 

Intonation, s. (^J? talhin; ^ 

lahn (pi. (jjUl alhan). 
Intoxicate, v. £~ sakkar, yusak- 

kir ; j£~\ askar, yuskir. 
Intoxicated, adj. q\j£- sakran 
(pL isj\£~ sakara, sukara, ^j^> 
Intoxication, *. /i~ sakr; i/L. 

sakra- 1 ; o^^-» sakaran. 
Intractability, jr. ($W*fi 'isyan ; 

AAllafc- muhalafa-t ; *>Uc <inad. 
Intbactable, ad;, j^ 'anid (pi 
Aifi *unud) ; UtfU* muhahf ; 
^Vfi <asi (pi. oUc *usat). 
Intransitive, s. (verb) *$ J** fi'l 

lazim (pi. JU*t af'al). 
Intrench, v. 0**. fcassan, yuhas- 

sin ; {j~>)\z+ 'amal mataris. 
Inter nchment, 8. l~f* mitrasa-t 
(pL u*j\z* mataris) ; v*\f* mit- 
ras (pL ^rijU. mataris); (^-»* 

fcisn (pi. ($ye*» kusun). 

Intrepid, adj. sJ& $ la yahaf (3 
aor.) ; ;j~* jasiir (pi. j~+ jusr, 



jusur); jjftioi bati^V lAW ^ zft 

Intrepidity, *?. yti* ba^; 5;l~*. 

jasara-t ; icV^Ai gaja'a-t. 
Intricacy, b. &*afcl lahba^a-t; U«s. 

hil$, halt; **t* habsa-t; •*£&* 

Intricate, ad/. W* 1 * mulahbat; 

**a** mu'aqqad; 

sir; J^-^mu^kil.' 
Intrigue, *. (scheme) &**■ hila-t 

(pi. J**- bijal) ; *-*-.> dasisa-t. 

— (love-affair) <>** *isq ; &N 

Intrigue, t?. (ptotf) J^to tadahal, 

yatadahal ; <j** dass, yaduss. 
Intrinsic, a<//\ Jf\& zati-y ; JL\ 

asli-y ; ^^M^ haqiqi:y. 
Introduce, v. (a person) J j»as 

qaddam li, yuqaddim ; v> «J^c 

'arraf bi, yu'arrif.— (fo a ^Zace) 

J*.^ adhal, yudhil. 
Introduction, *?. JU^ idhal; 

J* J^*> duhul «ala. — (to a 

book) &•.*&• muqaddima-t ; &**U 

Intrude, v. J^U dahal, yudahil ; 

Jlrf^ tahallal, yatahallal. 
Intruder, 8. Jafc* muhill ; Jt\j^ 

mudahil ; ^j zanim. 
Intrusion, *. &Ux» mudahala-t. 
Intrust, v. 5*; wacla 4 , yacja* ; £*£ 

auda 4 , yft^i' (both with J^ufi 

f and) ; &U^ L^ ^att amana-t, ya- 

Intuition, *. fi^s-j basira-t (pi. ^Uj 

basayir); ^i zakawa-t; p\J\ 

ilham ; ^Aflnlx. mukasafa-t. 
Inundate, v. J* gci«a, yuga«i ; 

s3j* garraq, yugarriq. 
Inundation, s. ^U^i faiijan ; j+± 

gamr (pi. ^Ufi gimar, )y *± gu . 

mur) ; j^ garq. 
Inure, v. *>jfi 'awwad, yu'awwid. 
Inutility, *. Sj^UX^ ^ *adam al- 

Invade, v. f++A hajam, yabjum; 

<j~£ kabas, yakois; J& gar, ya- 

gir (all with ^ 'ala). 
Invasion, *. l~~£ kabsa-t; f>^A 

hujum; SjVfi gara-t. 
Invalid, adj. Jt»W batil ; WfiU d) U 

ma la-hu fa'iliya-t. 
Invalid, *. ,j*y mari^ (pi. ^-a^. 

mar^a, ^5— i\y maracja, J2\)-* 

mirad) ; JjU* ma'lAl. 
Invalidate, v. (weaken) i-A-ju 

<Ja"af, yu4a"if ;y+*\ a'jaz, yu'jiz. 

Digitized by 

Google ^ 




— (make ineffective) JW battal, 

Invaluable, adj. £**i ** I* ma la- 

hu qima-t; ^ <d U ma la-hu 

Invariable, adj. js**i $ la jata- 

gayyar (3 aor. v.). 
Invariableness, *. /**a^ f** 'adam 

Invective, 8. **— subba-t; f**± 

sa^m (pi. py* Sutilm) ; s-tf giib, 

salb ; £>y& taqri*. 
Inveigh, v. (>** Satam, yaitum ; 

w*~ sabb, ya«ubb; s-^» salab, 

Inveigle, v. ^\ agwa, yugwi ; £ 

garr, yagurr ; )y t garrar, yugar- 

Invent, v. £^ abda', yubdi* ; £^> 

ibtada', yabtadi'; £ya*\ ibtara', 

yahtari'; *+$ aujad, yujid.— 

(forge lite) ^fA iftara, yaftari. 
Invention, *. £^ ibda' ; £\^ 

ibtida'; *M ijad; gt/^ ih- 

Inventory, s. £**VJ qayima-t (pi. 

(*\j» qawayiin) ; f*± daftar (pi. 

yUJ dafatir) ; 4* $*h\. 
Inventory, v. &** 4 a bat, vadbi£. 
Inverse, adj. ^4*** mun'akis ; 

u-/** ma'kus ; u-^W bi-Vaks ; 

s^** inaqlub. 
Inversion, s. u-tf*^ in'ikas ; *r&*\ 

inqilab ; s-l« taqallub. 
Invert, v. s-tt qalab, yaqlib ; qal- 

lab, yuqaliib ; u~£* 4 akas, ya'kis. 
Invest, v. (clothe) <j~J labbas, yu- 

labbis ; <j~*M albas, yulbis ; \~* 

kasa, yaksil. — (instal) u^ jal- 

las, yujallis ; f\*\ aqam, yuqim ; 

s-^ nasab, yansub; ^ qajlad, 

yuqallid.— (besiege) /^ ta$ar, 

yutasir. — (money) *-*/* saraf , 

yasrif ; £*\ ab<Ja', yub^i*. 
Investigate, v. j*+> fa^as, yafhas ; 

*±*o*\ balsas, yabba§ ; v£-^*> ta- 

babt»as, yatabaha§s ; «j**** fatas, 

yaftus* ; fattas\ yufattis\ 
Investigation, 8. u ^*a» taf Ijis ; 

^Wtf ibtiljaa; J*>& tai'tis ; 
: tajassus. 

Investiture, 8. s-****tf tansib ; ±^8 

Investment, s. (cloths) ^-W libas 
(pi. a — ~J\ albisa-t). — (siege) 
SpoW* muhasara-t. — (money in- 
vested) JU mal (pi. JV^ am- 

Inveteracy, s. JUfl i'sal; J* 1 ^ 

Inveterate, adj. J**^* muta'as- 
sil ; (*><>* qadim. — (obstinate) 
J^ 'anid (pi. J^ 'unud). 

Invidious, ad;, (cncioiw) .^-W. 
hasid (pi. *>V~*. ^ussad) ; *y—* 
ijasild (pi. ^-^ tusud). — (hate- 
ful) s-aa* mugdib; **/ karih; 
vA ^ a habis. 

Invidiou8Ness, *. (e?n?y) > > -■■■ f* 
hasad. — (malignity) #W*> haba- 

Invigorate, v. ^y* qawwa, yu- 
qawwi ; *>**& saddad, yusaddid. 

Invincible, adj. s-^*i ^ layuglab ; 
v>jU* ^fe gair magltLb ; ^ 5 la 


v>)U>^ p.** 'adam al-ingilab ; p±* 

)\&$\ 'adam al-inqihar. 
Inviolable, ooy. u&i 1 la yun- 

qa<J ; &4fi> Js«> )l la ya^all naq4- 

hu ; ff> Ijaram ; ^^» mutar- 

Invisibility, s. sr^ gaib.(pl. s^W^ 

giyab, v»^-<^ g^yiib); s^^-«* 

Invisible, adj. ^ 3 la yura (3 

aor. pass.); s-st« gayib; s-HlVfc 

jlqW ^ gayib 'an al-absar (pi. 

h-«* guyyab, v>W* guyyab, s-^\^& 

Invitation, s. ^> du'a ; &»4yc *azi- 

ma-t ; iiC* (Jiyafa-t. 
Invite, v. Vcj da'a, yad'ii ; ^ 

'azam, ya'zim ; «-*^ kaUaf, yu- 

Invocate, v. (t'nvo&e) ^«> da c 4, 

Invocation, s. ^*> du*a; Syu> 

da'wa-t; ^aJ\ istid'a. 
Invoice, s. l+ip qayima-t; ^^jV* 


Digitized by 



Involuntary, adj. £~&\ h bi-lu 

ihtivar; Ju»i ^ bi-la qasd. 
Involve, v. *Jtf laff, yaluff . 
Invulnerable, ad/. CjV* ^ la yan- 

jariti (3 aor. vn.) ; tf^\ &*+" 

mumtana' al-jarh. 
Inward, adj. Js-Vj dahil; ^ 

Irascible, adj. gW-^ gadban (pi. 

s^Ufe gi^ab, ^-&& gadba, ^Ufc 

gadaba) ; s-»^ gadub ; s-*** 



**-*<• magdaba-t. 
Ibe, 8. s~a* gadab ; M gaig ; il*sfc\ 
igtiyag; <ja* hanaq (pi. jU*. 
Ireful, adj. s^-a* gaddab; ^W-^ 

Iris, 8. (rainbow) t)i ^y qaus 
(qos) quzah.— (of the eye) flU 
j?j*tt dayir al-bubu. 
Irksome, adj. J*tf saqil (pi. Jtf 
suql, JW siqal, Stf suqula) ; 
sa'b (pi. v>^-» si'ab) ; 

Irksomeness, 8. &\& saqala-t. 
Iron, 8. ajjtw Ladid. 
Iron, v. ^ kawa, yakwi ; kawwa, 

Ironical, adj. f£&* mutahakkim ; 

^5^6* tahakkumi-y. 
Ironmonoeb, 8. *\j** haddad. 
Irony, s. ^ tahakkum ; ^~J 

tashar ; \y&~\ istihza ; $* hazu. 
Irradiate, v. g-&*A sa'sV, yusa,&' ; 

^ ada, yudi. 
Irradiation, «. £A*aj taia'sV; 

jkf* tanwir. 
Irrational, adj. (void of reason) 
,jLU jst gair natiq ; J*^^ gair 
aqil. — (contrary to reason) «Jtfl^» 
J**U muhalif li-'l-'aql. 
Irreclaimable, adj. Jjuu* 3 la 
yan'adil (3 aor. vn.) ; ^X^ $ la 
yatasallah (3 aor. v.). 
Irreconcilable, adj. £*JU«J\ J*$ 3 
la yaqbal al-musalaba-t ; ^^* 5 
la yatasalah (3 aor. vi.). — (in- 
consistent) (JeJaxH e 5 ^* ;** gair 



muinkin at-ta^biq ; <J*V* j** 
gair muwafiq. 
Irrecoverable, ad/'. dJ $!b 3 1& 
'ilaj la-hu ; ^ytsj 3 la yuta'aw- 
Irrefragable, adj. *y^\ gs+* 
mumtana' ar-radd ; *y 2 la, yu- 
radd; d s^j* 5 14 jawab la- 
Irregular, adj. Qy-i\A\ «_j)L*. 
(s-*>;*N) fcilaf al-qanun (at-tar- 
tib) ; i**\&\ x* dadd al-qa'ida-t ; 
^JhL. ^ gair mangum; ^j* 
fVktt 'adim an-nizam; L.^** «^ 
gair madbut. — (in grammar)^ 
<j~U> gair qiyasi-y ; JU $az (pi. 
*J\t* sWaz). 
Irregularity, *. ^ ^ «adam 
nisam; S^cVaJ^ ^ac 'adam al- 
qa'ida-t; ^yUJ^ ^ 'adam al- 
qanun. — (vice) *>wi fasad. 
Irrelevancy, 8. &M\jA\ ^ac 'adam 
al-muwafaqa-t ; i»^5 ^jlc 'adam 
Irrelevant, adj. <Ji\y j^t gair 

muwafiq ; ^*4^ ^ gair mufid. 
Irreligion, «. fc^Jd\ ^ 'adam ad- 
din ; /* kufr ; ^\y^ kuf ran. 
Irreligious, adj. jM kafir (pi. 

jut kuffar, Sy^ kafara-t). 
Irremediable, adj. *J ^ 5 la 
'ilaj la-hu; ^ A3 U ma la-hu 
dawa ; gW\ (^i^ ^ gair mum- 
kin al-'ilaj. 
Irreparable, adj. ^^ ? la yata- 

sallah (3 aor. v.) 
Irreprehensible, Irreproach- 
able, adj. v>^» Ajjlc U ma 'ale-hi 
'itab; v>Uj 3 la yu'ab; ^ ^ la 
yulam (3 aor. pass.). 
Irrepressible, adj. Jk** S la yub- 
tal ; ^fck: 3 la yuhf a (3 aor. 
Irresistible, adj. ^Usj JJ 14 yuta- 

qawam (3 aor. pass. vi.). 
Irresolute, adj. j\j&\ v Us qalil al 
aarar : *\\& p± gair 'azim • — ^ 

qarar; r jU ^ ^ - , y -^ 

mutajiayyir; ^^ l?airan; s^>\5f 
murtab ; v>^^* muzabzib. 
Irresolution, s. ^ taraddud ; 
^ haira-t; v>^ irtiyab; ill 


Digitized by 




*)*N qillat al-'azm ; j\/» Ui qil- 

lat al-qarar. 
Irrespective, adj. j*«s** yet gair 

Irresponsible, adj. s-JU*» ^±. gair 

Irretrievable, adj. [J>fi 5 la yu- 

'awwad (3 aor. pass.) ; \j^f^i 2 

la yuta'awwad. 
Irreverence, 8. p\/\ p*z 'adam 

ikram ; f»\r°^ f** 'adam ittiram ; 

liS^j p±* 'adam ra'aya-t. 
Irreverent, adj. yts** j*k gair 

mu'tabir ; p£+ y<± gair mukrim ; 

f»" - ^* y*± gair muhtasim. 
Irreversible, adj. ;**» 9 la yata- 

gayyar (3 aor. v.) ; j<&&\ y - 

mumtani' at-tagayyur. 
Irrevocable, ad/. £*\r* II 1A yata- 

raja' (3 aor. vi.) ; £~a* II la yun- 

sah ; £~**i $ la yantasih (3 aor. 

viii.) ; jUrf $ la yutyal (3 aor. 

Irrigate, v. im £~ saqa, yasqi ; ^^M 

asqa, yusqi ; ^j^- sajjan, yusaj- 

Irrigation, *. (jJU saqi ; V&-^ isqa. 
Irritate, v. s-~ **\ agdab, yugdib ; 

&±\ agag, yugig; 'j-tf augar, 

Irritation, «.n. s--** gadab; ^ 

gaig ; g^ hiyaj ; a. &\t\ igaza-t ; 

iJ^ijV tahwis. 
Irritability, «. s *** M &y* sur'at 

al- gadab. 
Irritable, ad/. s «**K &y~ sari* al- 

gadab ; eW^ Jfr- sahil al-hayaj. 
Irruption, «. SM gara-t; &♦*• 

hamla-t ; &—*£ Kabsa-t. 
Ischdry, 8. Jj-J\ ^W*^ inhibas 

al-bol (al-baul). 
Isinglass, 8. **^ lijaz. 
Island, Isle, 8 fyy* jazira-t (pi. 
« ^\j+ jazayir). 
Islander, 8. <^#y* jaziri-y ; J*t 0^» 

6^ min ahl jazira-t. 

Issue, 8. (egress) e«^ buruj ; jy*" 
sudur. — (end) \&\ intiha; &iS& 
nihaya-t ; &**\* 'aqiba-t. — (con- 
sequence) &+*& natija-t. — (off- 
spring) J V aulad (pi. of ^ 
walad) ; h)^ zurriya-t. — (fon- 
tanel) ^ kai-y (pi. «t>\ -at) ; 
&*♦»» hummasa-t. 

I88FE, v.a. g/*\ ahraj, yuhrij ; jJ^ 
a§dar, yusdir ; n. e/- haraj, yah- 
ruj ; ;Ju> sadar, yasdir. — (spring) 
&* naba', yamba' (yambi*, yam- 
bu') ; <jf* jara, yajri. 

ISTHMU8, 8. (ftf*. (£** u*^ O^-J 

lisan ar4 ben bahren; ttf bar- 

zah (pi. tfo barazih). 
Itch, s. (disease) v^ jarab ; 4^ 

hikka-t (pL nXS*. hikak).— (the 

sensation) &£** hikka-t. — (longing) 

u-yfc hawas; Sje* sahwa-t; jyfc 

sauq ; \y& hawa. 
Itchy, ad)'. oV*- jabran. 
Item, ady. "W\ aidan ; ctUA^ kaza- 

Item, s. ty ^art (pi. ^/» ^uru^) ; 

8^>U madda-t (pi. *\y maw- 
Iterate, v. tf karrar, ynkarrir ; 

*>Ve\ a 4 ad, yu*id. 
Iteration, *. jtf» takrir; j\j& 

takrar; jj-& takarrur; S*>L_c\ 

i 4 ada-t. 
Itinerant, adj. 9 8. UL-* musafir ; 

^a- safari-y (pi. jVa«, sufEar) ; 

C*L. sayih (pi. cV - suwwa^). 
Itinerary, s. /- v>^ kitab safar 

(pi. s-^ kutub). 
Itinerate, v. /- safar, yasfir ; c^- 

sah, yasi^. 
Itself, p-on. a-ju naf su-hu. 
Ivory, «. c^ *aj ; J«aJ\ ^^ sinn al- 

fil ; ctU— ^j— sinn samak. 
Ivy, *. ^j^A-^^ J*** tabl al-niasA- 

kin; AMiVc 'asiqa-t ; J^^ oyuc 

^nqud *iUiq ; u - ^ - * 5 °t U8U8 » *^ •** 

Digitized by 





Jabber, v. &*UH y£ kassar al- 

galaba-t, yukassir. 
Jabbeb, *. £*i* galaba-t. 
Jackal, 8. ^\ ^ ibn awa (pi. 

i2)\ «a>U* banat awa) ; <^\j wa- 

wa ; JU*. jaqal. 
Jackass, 8. jU*. himar (pi. j#*± 

(pi. hamir) ; <JW* jah^ (pi. 

v^AW*. jihai). 
Jacket, *. £**. jubba-t ; ^J^ su- 

Jade, v. \j»f law was*, yulawwis; 

s-*^ at'ab, yut'ib. 
Jade,. *. (horse) ^^ kadiS (pi. 

\s>^ kucU). — (woman) &y*j* 

sarin uta-t (pi. la~Ayb saranii$). 
Jag, *. (f~ sinn ; &u- siuna-t (pi. 

q\*~\ asnan). 
Jaq, v. (jJ~ 8annan, yusannin ; y» 

hazz, yahuzz. 
Jail, *. <j~**> habs, habas (pi. (j-js*- 

hubus); tf*- siju (pi. ^j^-. 

Jailer, Jailor, 8. gW~ sajjan. 
Jam, 8. ,jiy murabba (pi. v&>Ujj* 

Jam, v. ^jlxs u^+Z kabas 'ala, yakbis ; 

(^r— •*■ 'assas, yu'aesis. 
Jamb, *. 6»>Uc 'idada-t (pi. J*Uc 

Janitor, 8. v>V bawwab. 
January, 8. J^N oy^ kanun as- 

gani (pron. at-tani). 
Jar, 8. (vessel) */► jaira-t (pi. ^^ 

jirar, jy* jurar) ; &* qui la- 1 (pi. 

,JlS qulai). — (creaking noise) &**ji 

Jar, v.n. (creak) £i^S qarqa', yu- 

qarqi*. — (be discordant) U&\& 

tahalaf, yatahalaf ; U i k *\ ihta- 

laf, yahtalif; a. (shake) (J^^ 

hadhad, yuhacjhid; y*> hazz, ya- 
Jasmine, s. (^—V* yasmin ; Ji full 

(pi. J^i fuiul). 
Jasper, s. s— < yaab ; p&t yasm. 

Jaundice, «. ^^ yaraqan ; ju* $\ 

abu safar. — (have the jaundice) 

l$aif taraiqan, yataraiqan. 
Jaunt, v. j\*y dar, yadiir; <j*U. ljas, 

yah us. 
Jaunt, «. ty* tafarruh ; l^ daura-t ; 

&*ji barma-t. 
Jauntiness, 8. <*-*/»? tazahruf. 
Jaunty, adj. *-*/-y muzahraf. 
Javelin, s. £*/* harba-t (pi. v»V- 

Jaw, s. ctU fakk (pi. d\&\ afkak) ; 

£a*U ma(Jiga-t. 
Jaw-tooth, s. ^-^ dirs (pi. ^AjA 

adras, (j-^ duriis). 
Jay, s. a^Sc 'aqariya-t. 
Jealous, adj. oj\jt£ gairan, giran ; 

jy*± gayur; j\*t gayyar. — (be 

jealous) jte gar, yagir. — (of each 

other) )>S*> tagayar, yatagayar. 
Jealousy, 8. S^ gira-t. 
Jeer, v. s-^-j zahlab, yuzahlib ; 

v> ^jQZ-A istahza bi, vastahzi. 
Jehovah, 8. y^ hu ; *U\ allah ; <*ift 

J to allah ta'ala. 
Jelly, *. (of fruit) <r>j rubb (pi. 

v»W> ribfib). — (o/ wea^) W»&> 

Jeopardise, v. s^^^-hatar bi, yu- 

Jeopardy, «. ^ ha^ar (pi. jVLi. 

hitar,j^^ ahtar). 
Jerk, v. )y& hazzaz, yuhazziz. 
Jerk, 8. &ya»jA hazhaza-t. 
Jest, v. gyfc harraj, yuhamj ; cy* 

mazah, yamzah ; C;^ mazah, yu- 

mazih ; Jyfc hazil, yahzal ; JjU 

nazal, yuhazil. 
Jest, s. tj& harj ; &jv tahrij ; ty 

mazh (pi. c^y* uiizah) ; J|yb hazl ; 

S^afc-^ mashara-t (pi. /.Um« ma- 

Jester, «. (buffoon) lf&~+ masha- 
ra-t ; ^^5 nadim (pi. Uaj nuda- 

Jet, «. (of water) S^iU nafura-t; 

Digitized by 




5yy naufara-t; fyy fawwara-t. — 

intone) ^y y+?» hajar musa. 
Jbtty, «. j~+ jisr (pi. y*^ ajsur, 

jj-"* J usur ); •*- sudd, sadd (pi. 

*>;»*-• sudud, *>\jl*\ asdad). 
Jew, 8. ^j& yahiidi-y (pi. *>j« 

Jewel, v. pp. jauhar (pi. y\^ 

Jeweller, 8. <j,j— toy* jauhari-y; 

fj*j*\f* jawahirji. 
Jewellery, s. &*» hilya-t; ^J^ 

taly (pi. ^ huli-y/hili-y). 
Jingle, 8. <^~k $anin ; Z-.l^.j, 

hashaia-t ; ^j ranin. 
Jingle, v. ^^Zl $an{an, yutantfn ; 

i r a fc * ** haihai, yuhashis' ; ^ 

rann, yarinn. 
Job, «. J** sugl (pi. JUa\ aigal) ; 

^Uc 'amila-t. 
Jockey, «. (horse-dealer) J*** gW* 

bayya* hail. — (cheat) £W had- 

Jocose, Jocular, adj. ty&» muhar- 

rij ; pjU mazih ; t\y mazzah ; 

«*W&* mudhik. 
Jocoseness, Jocularity, 8. cV*^ 

in£irah ; ©W^ inibihaj ; LL-*i\ 

imbisat ; £l\yfc huzala-t. 
Jocund, adj. #r~* masriir ; ^^/ 

fart an. 
Jocundity, s. ))j—+ surur; t/ 

farat ; 8>* hizza-t. 
Jog, v.a. (shake) y*y» bazhaz, yu- 

bazhiz. — (move slowly) ya> ba^u', 

Jog, «. Syfcyb bazbaza-t. 
Join, v.a. J-j wasal, yasil ; wassal, 

y uwassil ; yj* qaran, yaqrin ; £** 

^** jama' ben, yajma 1 ; tp zaw- 

waj, yuzawwij ; n. &*A rjtama', 

yajtami' ; J-»Uttasal, yattasil. 
Joiner, s. )W> najjar. 
Joinery, «. 8jV^d\ ^\S kar an-nija- 

Joint, *. J^u mafsil (pi. J*U* 

mafasil); fijtfc 'uqda-t (pi. j£c 

*uqad). — (of meat) **sj lahma-t; 

j*> *adu (pi. Uc\ a'da,. 
Joint, adj. djZA* mustarik. 
Joint, v. (fit) &J> {abaq, yatbuq. 


— (dissect) tj* sarrat, yusarrih ; 
" qassab, yuqassib. 

Jointly, adj. *U* ma'an; \j~ 
sawa, ; *$W jumlat-an. 

Jointure, *. #• niahr (pi. j^» 

Joist, s. Z*l± haiaba-t; &*».;* su- 
hiya-t (pi. <^V» Sawahi). 

Joke, v. ty mazah, yamzah. 

Joke, s. c^y* mazah; Jyb hazl. 
See Jest. 

Jolliness, Jollity, s. ^Uj nasa$ ; 
cy f arah ; v»^ \&mb. 

Jolly, adj. I^U nasit ; q^ far- 
ban ; c/ fari^. 

Jolt, v. iS******* hadhad, yuha4hid ; 
(J& nafad, yanfud; naif ad, yu- 

Jolt, s. Sy&yb bazbaza-t. 

Jostle, v. ^j zaham, yazbam. 

Jot, s. ij£ zarra-t; aU> nuqta-t 
(pi. Lfi> nuqat, kto niqat). 

Jcrnal, 8. (of a merchant) f**> 
dctftar (pi. /Uj dafatir) ; i^Vi 
qayimat (pi. ^\y qawayim). — 
(newspaper) hjt*» &;; waraqa-t 
habariya-t; b>j^ gazeta ; JUj* 

Journey, «. yu safar (pi. J*-\ 
asfar) ; S>iLl* musafara-t ; &*y 
ruhla-t ; &*y marhala-t. 

Journey, y. yL. safar, yusafir; 
^^ masa, yanisi ; t^j rah. 

Journeyman, s. J^^i fa'il. 

Joy, 8. tji f arah ; v»^» tarab ; S^-^ 
masarra-t (pi. ^~* masarr) ; j^ 
surur ; !fe» hagz ; cV mirah. 

Joyful, Joyous, arfj. j^-^ masriir ; 
0^i f arhan ; v>^ t^rib. 


ibtihaj ; li^i] imbisat ; e^/^ 

Jubilant, adj. ^Uy farhan ; jy~~ • 

Jubilee, s. f\* c^- samah 'amm. 
Judge, s. ^U qfidi (pi. SUi qudat) ; 

^^- hakim (pi. p\£*> hukkam) ; 

^^ mufti.— (expert) y^U mabir. 
Judge, v. (in a law-suit) ^ qada, 

yaqdi ; ^ p&~ hakam beu, yah- 

Digitized by 



kum; J-ifasal, yaffil.— (opine) 
U* zann, yazunn; Jl. ra'a, 

Judgment, s. (understanding) Jac 
<aql (pi J^ < uq &i) . tam _ 

yiz ; Wy firasa-t ; ^ fahm (pi. 
r^e* fuhum).— (opinion) Jlj ra'i 
(pL \j\ ara) ; ^1 zann ( p l. ^ 
zunun). — (sentence) ^ hukm 
(pL r tf»\ ahkam) ; Ui qada (pl. 
**f * aqdiya-t) ; ^yi fatwa (pl. 
v$j«* fatawa, fatawi). — (Day 
of Judgment) l*lJ&\ ^ yaum 
al-qiyama-t ; ,^J\ r ^ yaum 
al-hukm; ^dtt r ^ jaum ad- 
Judicatory, s. I***** niahkama-t 

(pl. ,»SW. mahnkira). 
Judicature, s. L.^ hukuma-t; 

*jUi qadawa-t. 
Judicial, Judiciary, adj. <«*** 

Judicious, adj. JiU 'Aqil (pl. Uz 
'uqala, JV* * U qq41) ; **U fahim ; 
&-y s— U 9a hib firasa-t (pl. 
v>W-t ashab). vr 

Judiciousness, s. &-U firasa-t- 

J*'aql; ^fahm. 
Juggle, s. J* ^ za'bar <ala, yu- 

za'bir ; 3^ sa'waz, yusVwiz. 
Juggle, Jugglery, Juggling, s. 

V*j za'bara-t ; i±f*> sVwaza-t. 
Juggler,, s. p^y muza'bir ; "s-*)U 
mula'ib ; 3j*a* musa'wiz ; ^Jy* 
Jugular, adj. J^ ftafld-y.— 
(jugular vein) J^ ; warid (du. 
tf^jj waridan, pl. Sj ; ^ aurida-t, 
*>j>j wuriid, a*^ warayid). 
Juice, s. j^c 'araq (pl. j\^ a'raq) ; 
**£) ru^uba-t. — {pressed juice) 
;*-* 4 asir; ^Uc 'usara-t. — (of 
meat) £y maraq. 
Juiciness, s. Utt i/S kasrat al-ma ; 

#»••»> dasani. 
ivicr, adj. (of fruit) Utt ytfkasir 

al-ma. — (0/ mea£) ^-j dasim. 
July, $. j^J tamuz, tammuz. 
Jumble, t;. W^ lahbaf, yulahbit. 
Jumble, s. &*£} lahba^a-t ; \y s/t 
harj marj. 



Jump, s. &* nafta-t ; fytf qafza-t • 

*> tafra-t. ^ 

Jump, v. te na«, yanu« ; r*° taf ar, 

yatfir ; jtf qafaz, yaqfiz. 
Junction, 0. J-j waal ; JUi itti- 
?al; e^ majW; gUs+\ ijti- 
ma*; 5^ izdiwaj; q\j-xJ>\ 

Juncture, s. (joint) J*a+ mafsil 
(pl. J*U* mafasil).— (time, cir- 
cumstance) t&Jj waqt (pl. «>Ul\ 
a^t) J (**- bin (pl. ^ ah- 
yan) ; JL> hal (pl. J^ a hwal, 
a^i ahwila-t). 

June, s. e ^ haziran, hizairan. 

Jungle, *. &fca dagila-t. 

Junior, o<#. ,**-» sagir (pl. jU* 
?igar, U- sugara); yuf asgar 
(pl. jjfcU\ asagir, S/U asagira-t, 
O;^*' asgaruii). 

Juridical, adj. ^ sar'i-y. 

Jurisconsult, s. M* faqih TdI 
W«* fuqaha). ^ VF ' 

Jurisdiction, s. ^Uy^ hukuma-t ; 
US qada (pl. **^ aqdiya-t) ; S,Us 
qa4awa-t; ^S ; wildya-t, wala- 

Jurisprudence, «. <uu fiqh. j^ 
f/^Mlm ai-sar 4 . ' '^ 

Just, adj. JjU * a dil; Ja*- mu'dil • 
*-A-^ munsif. — (upright) jjU 
9adiq; ^JU 9 aHh. — (accurate) 
V*. madbut ; ^x* mudaqqiq ; 
^5*^ wafi.— (merited) s-^U wa- 

Just, a^t;. fcj J^ bi-kull diqqa-t ; 
W* bi-4abt 5 U fa-qatt.-0-nrt 

J^fi.'1-hal • ^ 

Justice, «. Juft * a dl ; ^\ac 'adala-t ; 

uU1 in§af; ^^ taqaniya-t| 

Justifiable, orf/*. ^\ ^\i qabil 

at-tabrir ; ;7 ^ yatabarrar. 
Justification, *. ^ tabrir; 4^ 

tazkiya-t ; ,3,^" tahqiq. J 

Justify, v. # barrar, yubarrir ; ^Ji 

zakka, yuzakki; &± taqqaq, 


Digitized by 



Jut, v. u^ 6araf, yairuf; *-*j*>\ 
airaf, yuSrif (both with ^ 

Juvenile, adj. s^» sabb (pi. s^W* 

214 [Kin 

sabab, e W* subban) ; f. *U 
sabba-t (pi. v»V» sawabb) ; v^*- 
sabi-y (pi. gW- sibyan) ; f. &*** 
sabiya-t (pi. V>W-» §abaya). 


Keel, 0. s-^y* j** qa'r markab (pi. 
if* qu'ur). 

Keen, ad;, {sharp) ->W hadd ; jt^ 
qati' ; /W batir. — (piercing) SiM 
nafiz. — (sagacious) ^^ zaki-y ; 
^fatin. — (eager) j^s^ muS- 
taq ; < jfr * " * mu^tahi ; <*i±* sadid. 

Keenness, 0. lp£ gira-t; $«** &d- 
da-t ; J^ hadd. — (sagacity) *~y 
firasa-t ; \& zaka. 

Keep, v. (^oZd) vaL^ masak, yam- 
sik. — (retain) J*\*> hai, yahus\ — 
(take care of)^ hafiz, yuhfaz ; 
,j*f» haras, yahrus, yahris ; of- 
hazan, yahzun. — (feed) «^ 
qat, yaqut. — (observe) ^ hafig, 
yahfag. — (continue) ?\<* dam, ya- 

Keeping, 0. (custody) &iW» muha- 
faza-t. — (harmony) &&\y muwa- 
faqa-t; &*Uo* mu{abaqa-t ; J^ 

Keepsake, 0. ;&& tazkar; »^J 

Keo, 8. J**;» barmil (pi. J^V 

Kennel, 0. *r»KH J^» mahall al- 

Kernel, 0. w-^ habb (pi. v>j**- 
hubub, o^ hubban) ; 3^ lauz ; 
^J lubb (pi. s^** iubub, s^*tt 
albab); s-i* qalb (pi. s^* 

Kettle, 8. &*> hulla-t (pi. Jk- 
hulal) ; o^5 qazan (pi. «yWy 
qazanat, !ZW&.) ; j& qidr (pi. 
j^Ji qudur). 

Key, s. c^* miftah (pi. &s\*" ma- 
fatih); J*tt iqlid (Pers. ^ 
kilid, kXcis). — (of a piano) gU~* > 

dastan (pi. 0*>^-*> dasatin) ; 

£ ■■■■■ » U malmasa-t (pi. u-*^* ma - 

Kick, 0. &-*; rafsa-t. 
Kick, v. v~*j rafas, yarfus; W 

labat, yalbut; £*•; ramah, yar- 

mah. — (a kicking horse) ty*j 

Kid, s. <^ jady (pi. *±A ajdin, 

0^ jidyan, **W jadaya-t) ; 

£*> hilla'. 
Kidnap, v. <-&*» ha£af, yah^if ; h-^- 

salab, yaslub. 
Kidnapper, 0. *-&U. hatif (pL 

<_aUjA. hawa^if). 
Kidney, 0. & kulya-t; SJ£ kil- 

wa-t (pi. <J£ kila, ^5^ kalawi). 
Kill, v. J** qatal, yaqtul; wa>^~ 

mawwat, yumawwit. 
Killing, 0. J^S qatl ; J^ taqtal ; 

<aHt^J tarn wit. 
Kiln, 0. &f\ atun (pi. «i>Uy\ atik- 

nat, <j*\ utun, ^l?^ atatin) ; &jk 

furn (pi. oV^ afran). 
Kin, 0. W^S qaraba-t ; s— -^ nasab. 
Kin, aaj. s-*/ qarib (pi. v>j^ 

aqarib, s-^/ qarayib, W^ aq- 

riba) ; s-**~-> nasib (pi. s-4^-— * 

Kind, [0. <j~*i- jins (pi. ^-U^ aj- 

nas) ; £y liaw* (pi. £^y\ aawa 4 ) ; 

*J^- sanf (pi. cJU-©\ asnaf). 
Kind, adj. ^J^ halim (pi. UW hu- 

lama) ; «3***i ^afiq ; ULU latif 

(pi. cjUsl litaf) ; ^/ karim (pi. 

U^ akrima, ^y kuraina, f*\^ 

kiram) ; ( J ^— ^« muhsin ; J £A« 

Kindness, 0. ^ hilm (pi. ^3X0. 

hulum, j<4ft.\ ah him) ; ^ii. sa&. 

Digitized by 





ka-t; JW lutf (pi. U%>\ atlaf); 

Z-Af karama-t; lAj ra'fa-t; S^ 

muruwa-t ; U^** ma'ruf . 
Kindle, v. ^/A ahraq, yuhriq ; 

J*6i sa'al, yas'al; J*M ai'al, 

yus*il; £*j walla', yuwalli' ; **)\ 

auqad, yuqid ; py*>\ acjram, yud- 

Kindred, e. (relationship) &i\j» 

qaraba-t ; s-~~ * nasab ; fiybU* 

musahara-t. — (relations) v>j^ 

aqarib) ; s-*^~> nasayib. 
King, $. «sU* uialik (pi. *&}* mu- 

luk); q^~ sultan (pi. ^UL. 

salatin) ; *Va sah (Per 8.). 
Kingdom, s. (empire) 26U* mam* 

laka-t (pi. ci3W» mamalik) ; 

ajJbJL. saltana-t; &;*> daula-t (pi. 

J^ duwal, va>3^J duwalat, du- 

lat). — (royalty) «*\U mulk ; &U~ 

sal tana- 1. 
Kiss, «. *-y bausa-t, busa-t ; &-i 

qubla-t ; «UiJ lasma-t. 
Kiss, v. ^W bas, yabus ; J*S qab- 
_bal, yuqabbil ; ^ lasam, yal- 

Kitchen, 8. £&*• matbah (pi. ^^ 

Kitchen gabden, 8. *;j*^ hakura-t 

(pi. j^V* hawakir). 
Kite, *. v>^ 'uqab (pi. «-r-4c\ 

a'qub, (jjW&c 'iqban). 
Kith, 8. uijU-* ma'arif (pi. of &f* 

ma'rifa-t, " acquaintance "). 
Kitten, 8. ^ & qutt sagir ; S^a 

huraira-t ; ^jaw busain. 
Knack, *. (dexterity) »jU«fi» Sahara- 1 ; 

i;^6-* mahara-t. 
Knapsack, s. v»V jirab (pi. kfA 

Knate, *., Knatish, adj. jW* 

'ayyar ; jV£* makkar ; <J^ fala- 

ti-y ; )\±* gaddar ; ^-^ hasir (pi. 

j—*^ hussar); «^ws* habis (pi. 

iA~a tubus, ^-s. hubasa). 
Knatebt, Knavishness, «. #W*- 

habasa-t ; £+ makr ; &± had*. 
Knead, v. e»* 'ajan, ya'jin ; J** 

jabal, yajbul. 
Knrading-tbough, «. <;^«* mi'- 



mi'jana-t (pi. c^** 
rukba-t (pi. s-^> 

Knee, s. 

Kneel, v. \*+ jasa, yajsu ; g^ 
raka', yarka' ; a%- sajad, yas- 
jud. — (of a camet) **J«i barak, 
yabruk ; £* nahh, yanunh. 

Knell, *. &&&> $antana-t ; ^ts^ 

Knife, «. e)*£- sikkin (pi. (j)^^- 
sakakin). — (pen - knife) \*y 
mibra ; <£$*• mi^wa (pi. <£$*• 
matawi) ; <j*y mus (pi. \jAy\ 
amwas) ; \j&f ^U qalam taras" 

Knight, 8. f\ amir (pi. \y\ 
umara) ; je"^ kawallier ; ^U 
faris (pi. u"jV f^waris, (jjU.J 
fursan). — (knight-templar) ^(*> 
dawi-y (pi. *%^»> dawiya-t). — 
(knight in chess) <j*^ faras (pi. 
y-^* furus, ^-^ afras). 

Knit, t?. J^ jadal, yajdil, yajdul ; 
J^4c 'aqad, ya'qid ; «*M» ^abak, 
ya^bik; sabbak, yu^abbik. 

Knitting-needle, s. &~* misal- 
la-t (pi. J^« masall). 

Knob, s. Sj^c 4 uqda-t (pi. >x&t 
4 uqad). 

Knock, 8. ^->»--> darba-t; *L^jlo 
sadma-t; «5aU latsa-t; tb*> daq- 

Knock, v. j»> daqq, yaduqq ; j^ 
taraq, ya^ruq ; y qai-a', yaqra'. 

Knockeb, s. (of a door) s-»W-^ d*** 
midaqqal-bab ; %rW\ ^*U halqat 
al-bab. ' 

Knot, s. 8jsc 'uqda-t (pi. ate 

Knot, v. asc 'aqad, ya'qid. 

Knottiness, 8. «^yu- $u'uba-t. 

Knotty, adj. >**** mu'aqqad. — 
(difficult) <3i** muglaq; J^A-« 

Know, v. Uf 'araf, ya'rif ; Jlc 
'alim, ya'lam ; ^o dara, yadri. 

Knowing, ad;, (cunning) ]&• mak- 

Knowledge, *. ^ 'ilm (pi. *jle 
'ulurn) ; &i/^ ma'rifa-t (pi. uj!*+ 

Digitized by 





ma'arif) ; $t\)»> diraya-t ; &l 
fann (pi. gyift funiln) ; ^ fahm 
(pi. fft fuhihn). 

Knuckle, «. s-** ka'b (pi. s^ 
ki'ab, ^ff ku'ub, s-*fl ak*ub) ; 
J-** mafsil (pi. J^»^* mafasil). 


Label, s. ^V* 'unwan. 
Labial, adj. o*^* 6afabi-y. 
Labial, s. ^^ «-*^- Ijarf £afabi-y 

(pi. lfjb\to> ^f. hurftf Safabi- 

Laboratory, *. J*** ma'mal (pi. 

J*U* ma'amil). 
Laborious, adj. {industrious) 

<*&++ muj tabid ; ^* mujidd ; 

C^ kadih. — {difficult) 

mut'ib; s-*** ?a'b (pi. 

si'ab) ; J£a^ muskil. 
Laboriousness, *. *\&*A ijtihad ; 

»*e* jahad ; *<& taqayyud ; £>j*« 

Labour, Labor, *. J** Sugl (pi. 

JUM aigal); t^ kad^; ^5*- 

sa'i ; s-» ta'ab (pi. s^\ at'ab). 

— {travail) <j*U*« mibad; <jk 

Labour, v. ^^^ sa'a, yas'a; s-*> 

ta'ib, yat'ab; ^»- jadd, yajidd; 

j^\ ijtabad, yaj tabid. 
Labourer, «. g*V-° ^ani* (pi. JU* 

suna* ; J<^ 'amil (pi. SUe 'ama- 

la-t, jUe 'ummal, Sue 'umala) ; 

JcVA fa'il (pi. *U* fa'ala-t) ; JUa 

Labyrinth, *. s^o dftlab, dau- 
lab (pi. w-JV dawalib); &U* 
maglata-t; ^ warja-t (pi. l\# 

Lace, *. £♦*;** tahrima-t (pi. /tiju* 
tabarim) ; & Sl~j% 6abika-t. — 
{string) 0^ qHan ; &**» biya-t ; 
<Lsojj\ andi^a-t. 

Lace, v. •*«* 'aqad, ya'qid; Wf> 
rabat, yarbuj. 

Lacerate, v. jy*» bazzaq, yubazziq ; 
jy mazzaq, yumazziq ; e>* jar- 
rah, yujarrilj. 

Laceration, s. &fr tajrih; &»•}* 

Lack, *. f** 'adam ; ^jM naq? ; 

gW*^ ihtiyaj. 
Lack, v. (be in need of) <J\ e^\ 

ibtaj ila, yabtaj ; jVc *az, ya'ftz ; 

<J\ )Uc^ i'taz ila,.ya'taz; n. {be 

short of) <j& naqa?, yanqus ; Ji 

qall, yaqill ; p±* 'adim, ya'dam. 
Lackey, s. (&<**- baddam ; f*>W ha- 

dim (pi. f^ buddam). 
Laconic, ad;. ^-*sae« mubta$ar; 

j*s&+ inuqta$ar ; jW** mijaz. 
Lacquer, «. <^***~ sindarus ; ^Uj 

Lad, s. Jdj walad (pi. »>^ aulad) ; 

{mS ro ?abi-y (pi. (^Wt- §ibyan, 

§ubyan) ; (At gulam (pi. £Ufc 

gilma-t, oUifc gilman) ; ^ fata 

(pi. o^i fityan). 
Ladder, s. f\~> sullam (pi. ^5u 

salalim) ; SU^ mirqa-t (pi. o*^/* 

Lade, v. {load) J*** Mammal, yu- 

hammil. — (a *Aijp) v>-^ wassaq, 

Ladle, *. ^*^ migrafa-t (pi. »J^U^ 

magarif); ^W baiuqa-t. 
Lady, 0. «~- sitt ; &*- sitta-t (pi. 

up^- sittat) ; 0/^ batun (pi. 

(j>«J^ hawatin). 
Lao, v. /»*to ta'bbar, yata'abhar; 

£* batu', yabtu'. 
Lagoon, s. Safe*- sabba-t (pi. ^W- 

sibah) ; &**& batiha-t (pi. ^jVLj 

ba^ayih) ; g&^^ mustanqa*. 
Laical, adj. ^U ^alami-y. 
Lair, s. S^U* magara-t (pi. ^tUu 

magayir) ; j\t gar (pi. ^\ ag- 

war, y\jat giran) ; ^<^ ]uhr (pi. 
;W».^ ajhlr). 

Digitized by 





Laity, #. &*4JVe 'alaniiya-t ; £eW 

Lake, *. &y birka-t (pi. d$ birak) ; 

ijeP* buhaira-t (dimin. of /*. 

bahr, pi. j>^\ bahayir). 
Lamb, #. *J^ haruf (pi. ^U^ hur- 

fan); Uj^W haruf (pi. <-At,tj*. 

Lame, adj. (disabled) £ ~ &* mukas- 

sah ; £6~£ kasih ; .*«*>• muq'ad ; 

8^ a'raj ; £^ akta*. — (imper- 
fect) jaib naqis. 
Lame, t>. ^»* 'ajjaz, yu'ajjiz ; &f\ 

a'raj, yu'rij ; li* saqqat, yuaaq- 

Lameness, 8. 8*X~£ kusaha-t ; qWj* 

Lament, v. c^ nah, yanuh ; c^-^ 

istanah, yastanih. 
Lamentable, adj. {a ^** mubakka, 

mubki ; ^a saki-y. 
Lamentation, s. tf nauh; &*\s 

niyaha-t ; %r»Ji nadb ; s-**^ na- 

hib. * 
Lamina, 8. **Xtf tanak ; jM» tabaq 

(pi. jW atbaq, &*U ajbiqa-t) ; 

&j) waraqa-t. 

Lamp, *. t^r* 8 i ra J (pl« Sr* suru J) J 
• niasraja-t (pi. g;^-^ raasa- 



manara-t (pi. )ju* 

manawir, j^ manayir) ; cW-»* 
misbah (pi. e**^** inasabih) ; 
J>juS qandil (pi. J*»>^* qanadil). 

Lampoon, s. jV* haju. 

Lampoon, v. ^a baja, yahju ; ^Va 
haja, yuhaji. 

Lance, *. ^ rumh (pi. t^j rimah, 
C^ armah) ; ^y mizraq ; 
«3*;V* mazariq. 

Lance, v. (pierce with a lance) 
&- *1» ^a'an, yafun, yafan. — 
(chirurgically) y^JW s^ <jarab 
bi-'n-naitar, yadrib; £y bazag, 

Lancet, s. Bj^j risa-t ; UjA* mis- 
rat (pi. Wjii^ masarit) ; f^ 
naitar (Per 8.) ; ty bazg. 

Land, s. (opposed to water) ji barr. 
— (ground) <j*;\ ard (pi. Qy*j\ 
ardun, <j\j\ ariuj* o*t ^40 ; 
%^»ty turab (pi. **/\ atriba-t, ^W/ 

tirban). — (country) j&» bilad (pi. 

^jJl» buldan) ; ct\U mulk. — 

(estate) «sXU raulk (pi. d%»\ 

Land, v. jJ\ <Jl* £lL tala* 'ala-'l- 

barr, yaflu* ; j^\ J\ Jy nazal 

ila-'l-barr, yanzil. 
Landing, s. (act of landing) £j?* 

s~*j*^ ^ tulu* min al-markab. 

— (-place) Ay manzil (pi. Jj^ 

manazil) ; u&~\ iskala-t (pi. JaV~^ 

asakil). — (of stairs) B*~* basta-t. 
Landing-plank, *. ^J^l- saqala-t. 
Landlady, «. (lady of the house) 

is*«&£\ i-^U ^a^ibat al-bait. — 

(hostess) *x\*p\ &**Xo 9 ahibat al- 

Landlord, s. (owner of an estate, 

&c.) ; *a***M «ci3U* s-*^U sahib ma- 

lik al-bait. — (innkeeper) o *! ) *** 

manzil ji ; J^^i fanadiqi-y. 
Landscape, s. (view) &&> ^alla-t ; 

ijti nazra-t. 
Landward, adv. jj\ u^ li-taraf 

Lane, s. ^c *atfa-t ; jUj zuqaq 

(pi. (^Vsj zuqqan, ^ aziqqa-t). 
Language, s. (speech) ^Kalam; 

J^ nutq ; ^W lahja-t. — (idiom) 

^UJ lisan (pi. fc>— A alsun, Aa-J^ 

akina-t) ; £a1 ]uga-t (pi. va>UJ 

Languid, adj. J*U zabil ; ^V^c 

4 ayyan; *-A««^ da*if (pi. »-*U* 

di 4 af, ^t* du'afa) ; /U fatir. 
Languidness, Languor, *. J^3 

zubul ; «-&»* du'f ; fi fatar. 
Languish, r. Jj»* zabal, yazbul; 

/4 fatar, yaftur; ^y-fc 4ana, 

yadna; ^*— *\ insaqam, yansa- 

Lank, adj. «-As^ ahyaf, f. ^©a 

haifa (pi. «-As^ hif) ; <j*Sj raqiq 

(pi. jUj riqaq, U^ ariqqa) ; «-*<jt* 

da 4 if (pi. tot* du'afa). 
Lankness, *. «-A*fc hayaf; ^4-* 

dumr, dumur. 
Lantern, *. v*f^ fanus (pi. y^V 

fawanis) ; SjU- manara-t (pi. 

)){** manawir). 
Lap, s. ,+*■ hajr, tijr, hujr (pi. 


Digitized by 





)•+*» hujftr) ; (^ hidn (pi. gj-fc- 

$udun, t)Uk\ ahdan). — (of a gar- 

meat) J*** zail, zel (pi. J^ 

azyal); *-*)* taraf (pi. u>\J*\ 

Lap, v. (wrap round) *-Al latf, ya- 

luff ; ^y* tawa, yajwi. — (lick up) 

tr-J la^is, yalhas; ,j«J lu'iq, 

Lapidary, *. d\£*~ fyakkiik ; c5;*j* 

jauhari-y ; <j*jfj* jauharji-y. 
Lappet, s. J*»* zail (pi. J^*tt azyal). 
Lapse, #. (error) U* galat; aTJL* 

galta-t. — (fall) tj&- suquj. — (of 

time) fc)Uj iiUw* masaf at zaman ; 

j** mamarr ; gV*yN vj** n^ada az- 

Lapse, v. ^$r> jara, yajri; sJ ^ 

mada, yamdi. — (make a slip) U* 

galit, yaglat*. 
Larceny, 8. &r- sirqa-t, sariqa-t. 
Lard, *. fly*&' j**A suhm al-hinzir. 
Lard, v. ^^a s'aham, yasham ; sah- 

ljam, yuSahhim. 
Larder, *. fe karar ; J*U* hasil ; 

&j«tt c^ bait al-muna-t ;' &£U 

Large, adj. j*£ kabir (pi. ^ 

kubar, kibar) ; (*&* 'azjm (pi. 

f\W 'izam, Uke 'uzama). — (wide) 

Q~\) wasi* ; o/jtyi 'arid (pi. jb\j* 

'mid); ^-i fasih. — (abundant) 

j*iSl fayi4 ; ;*\j wafir ; ^^ kasir 

Largeness, a. &#Le 'azama-t; ^. 

kubr. — (extension) *«- sa'a-t; 

&^~i fas^a-t. 
Largess, *. (liberality) S^afe- saha- 

wa-t; 8*>y* juda-t; f*f karam. — 

(donation) &*%* tuhfa-t ; £-jfcj wa- 

haba-t; &<jb hiba-t. 
Lark, *. lj*& qumbura-t (pi. ^jU3 

Larynx, *. &+J& galsama-t (pi. 

(**&& galasim) ; {*&* bald am ; 

Sj^aa. jianjara-t (pi. j+\j+* hana- 

Lascivious, ad/. o*\}«* s*ahwani-y ; 

v>-^ fasiq ; ^J\~*& naf sani-y ; 

<JM» sabiq. 
Lasciyiousness, 8. S^Ai sahwa-t ; 

v^-i fisq; jj*i fujur; ,j?a 

Lash, v. jJ^ jalad, yajlud ; tL. sat, 

yasut- — (lampoon) ^J& haja, 

Lash, *. (whip) l*j 

siyat, Uj-^ aswat) ; 

^W dayim ; ^VB 

saut (pi. 1*U- 
i{, i»\*-t aswat; ; Ae^a* miq- 
-t (pi. &*• maqari'). — (blow) 

&*X* darba-t ; <&+ jald. — (mark of 

a blow) aaj das^a-t ; aV*. hab- 

Lass, *. «~*» bint (pi. *a>W banat) ; 

Z*~o gabiya-t (pi. ^W- sabaya). 
Lassitude, s. s-«* ta'ab (pi. v»^ 

at Tib) ; Jt. malal. 
Last, adj. /»} ahir. 
Last, *. (form) v>^^^ s-J^5 qalib 

Last, v. p\<> dam, yadum ; Va> baqa, 

yabqa; p\*z~\ istaqam, yasta- 

Lasting, adj 

Latck, *. aL\ju saqqa^a-t. 
Latchet, 8. ^ baud (pi. *>y* 

bunud, Per 8.). 
Latr, adj. (late-comer) g— ^ sis c 

(pi. £x~* susuO ; f±*y mu'ahhar ; 

fS\z+ muta'ahbir. — (former) 

&\~ sabiq ; p* \te * mutaqaddim. 

— (defunct) (•y^/ # marbum ; ^y** 

Latency, s. J<sz~\ istitar ; a-^ gai- 

ba-t ; f\z&\ inkitam. 
Lateness, *. /-*^ ta'ahhur. — 

(novelty) W Jidda- 1. 
Latent, adj. ^^ hafi-y (pi. V^U*. 

hafaya) ; ??&• maktum ; s-o\A 

gayib ; f * *~ + mustatir. 
Lateral, adj. ^^ tarafi-y ; u**** 

Lath, *. ^Vc 'aritja-t (pi. ^\j* 

'awarid) ; ^M badawara-t. 

hasiab, yuhaisib. 

Lath, v. 
Lathe, «. 

Lather, e 


J^» mihrata-t; Ul| 
Qjt*X\ lytj ragwat a^- 

*. (geographical) u*y& 
c ar4 (pi. u*j^ 'uriid). — (degree of 
latitude) j*fR &+■)* darajat al- 

Digitized by 





*ard. — {extent) £*-j was'a-t, 

Latitudinarian, 8. aJU mulhid. 
Latitudinarianism, s. *>VtoH ilhad. 
Latter, adj. fA ahir. 
Lattice, s. &-* sabaka-t (pi. v«JWa 

sibak) ; S^W* 6ubbaka-t (pi. 

*sXjrfW^ sababik) ; hj** sa'riya-t ; 

s-*£* muka"ab. 
Lattice, v. **M» sabak, yaibik ; 

sabbak, yusabbik. 
Laud, v. &*" madalj, yamdah ; *u*. 

hamad, yahmud; J^* majjad, 

yumajjid ; ^ ganna, yusanni. 
Laudable, adj. ***** hamid ; t)*** 

inamduh ; ^j*^* mahmud. 
Laudanum, *. (^^3\ Cjy rfth al- 

afyfin (ifyaun). 
Laudation, *. ±6+ +* tarn j id ; a^. 

hamd ; f 3 ^ madh. 
Lauoh, Laughter, *. csJU-* dihk ; 

£*aei qahqaha-t. 
Lauoh, v. *sW* dahak, yad^ak; 

4*6* qabqah, yuqahqih ; jiy> qar- 

qar, yuqarqir. — {loud and re- 
peatedly) ff karkar, yukarkir. 
Laughable, adj. **X*-a* mudhik. 
Launch, v. ^ rama, yarmi ; ^>\ 

ajlaq, yujliq. — (a ship) w-^;*^ Jj> 

j^\ <Jk nazzal al-inarkab fi-'i- 

bahr, yunazzil. 
Laundress, 8. ^5U-fc gassala-t. 

Laundry, *. fl * * magsala-t. 

Laurel, s. J& gar ; ^J^ difla. 
Lavatory, *. &-A* magsala-t. 
Lave, t?. J— * gasal, yagsil ; gassal, 

yugassil ; <-&* $a{af, yaituf . 
Lavender, a. ^^ nardin (Pers.) ; 

u*^ huzama. 
Layer, s. J~ *• magsal (pi. J~U* 

magasil) ; <*~*1 {ait (pi. «o>jAL 

Lavish, a<J/. j-*** mubzir; «-*;—• 

Lavish, v. ;^ bazzar, yubazzir ; ^ 

waddar, yuwaddir. 
Lavishness, 8. ^-M tabzir; u\j~\ 

Law, *. *tt fiqh ; g/i sar* ; X*ij* 

aari'a-t (pi. ©V 1 saravi'); **y 

fiuicja-t (pi. uAiV farayi4).— 

(rule) SacVs qa'ida-t (pi. ±*\f 

qawa'id) ; ^yVi qan&n (pi. (^e*y 

Lawful, ae?/. (conformable to law) 

^/» sar'i-y ; £/A^ tJ'V* muwafiq 

ai-sar* ; <j^- baqq. — (allowed by 

law) cW* mubah; JV halal; 

jiW jayiz. 
Lawfulness, «. &tyfc sari'a-t; 

S^ly* mubaliiya-t. 
Law-oiver, a. g^/&tt £*^ wadi' ai- 

Lawless, adj. j** h bi-la sar* ; j<£ 

^ys/i gair gar'i-y ; &*t j JA\ j^ dudd 

Lawlessness, 8. &*ij& S\ ^ac 'adam 

Lawn, «. (grass-plot) ^Us^ raqma-t ; 

gy« marj (pi. g^* muruj). — (^esc- 

^ttre) OM?=y binnjiq ; y qazz. 
Law-suit, *. S/i»> da'wa-t ; ^i^ 

da'wa (pi. ^^*> da*awa) ; &*y*d. 

Lawyer, s. M* faqih (pi. W«* fu- 

qaha) ; t5^JJ^ Je*j wakil ad- 

da'wa (pi. ^ wi^kila); J*U» 

Lax, adj. ^f+ mutarbi ; ^ rahA ; 

0^3 zablan ; J*^« munhall. 
Laxative, s. J«—^ mushil ; ^jJU 

Laxity, Laxness, «. I fa rahawa-t. 

— (want of exactness) W^^ &l 

qillat a4-4 a b{- 
Lay, v. g-ftj wada', ya4a* ; ^ hatt, 

yahutt; J** ja'al, yaj'al.— 

(calm) 0^- sakkan, yusakkin. 
Lay, oc(;., Layman, s. ^^ 'ala- 

mi-y; jUiVc 'alamani-y. 
Lay, s. f* ^i'r (pi. j\*±\ ai'ar) ; 

S^ai qasida-t (pi. «v^ qasid, 

j^Ui qasayid). 
Layer, s. jVL tiq (pi. «o»U\L taqat) ; 

iM» tabaqa-t. 
Laziness, 8. J-^ kasl ; 8M* ba^a- 

Lazy, adj. <^u£ kaslan (pi. JU^ 

kasala, { J-^S kasla) ; Ja^ kahil ; 

^^ mutawani; J»> batf' (pi. 

^ bita). 
Lead, #. <j©^ rasas. 

Digitized by 





Leafihess, #. %yjyi\ *r* kasra-t al- 

Lbad, v. (conduct) «>tf qad, yaqud ; 

•»ji qawwad, yuqawwicL — (show 

the way) <J* J^ dall 'ala, yadull ; 

^2** nada, yahdi ; J^ arsad, 

yurnd. — (induce) ^/^ harrad, 

Leader, s. J*tf qayid (pi. *rty quw- 

Leadihg, ad;. ,J^ a$li-y; ^ 

akbar; ^ ahamm* 
Leading-strings, s. o^ 'inan (pi. j 

£**\ a'inna-t). 
Leaf, #. j^ waraq ; a»^ waraqa-t 

(pi. «j\>^ auraq) ; *»*&» ?afihat | 

(pi. ^U* safavih). 

88, f. «i\)^ 


Leafy, adj. jp* mawarraq; j~& 
«3^)*\ kagir al-auraq. 

League, *. (confederacy) SaaU* 
mu'ahada-t ; jU»\ ittifaq ; S^\ 

League, v. ^ ittahad, yattahid ; 
jaU? ta'ahad, yata'ahad ; *1aJ^ 
balaf , yu^alif ; U&\s# tahalaf, 
yataljalaf. — (measure) J^* mil 
(pi. JW^ amyal) ; £-^i farsah 
(pi. £~V faxasih). 

Leak, s. <JA saqq, siqq ; &**» saq- 
qa-t (pi. ,JU«* suquq) ; ,jU falaq 
(pi. J^i fuliiq) ; &£**: buhsa-t. 

Leak, v. s-**/*^ j^ inharaq al- 
markab ; £*j rasah, yarsah. 

Lean, adj. Uue* nahif (pi. «-i^ 
niljaf) ; J*y* hazil (pi. ^y* 
hazla) ; Jj)6* mahziil ; ***** gass 
(pi. *£>Ufc gisas) ; cj U x a da'if. 

Lean, *. (flesh without fat) p* 
babr ; &* &*J lahma-t gassa-t. 

Lean, v. (rest against) J\ J^-\ 
asnad ila, yusnad ; jux-\ istanad, 
yastanid ; )£*> ta'akkaz, yata- 
'akkaz (both with <J^ *ala). — 
(incline towards) J\ JU mal ila, 

Leanness, s. &U* nuhafa-t; Jy* 
nuljul ; #U* gasasa-t; &U~ safa- 
fa-t ; u-ku. du'f . 

Leap, v. W naft, yanuft ; s->j wa- 
gab, ya§ib ; y** qamaz, yaqmuz ; 
/* qafar, yaqfir. 

Leap, «. & natta-t ; *r* qamxa-t ; 

*j* qafza-t. 
Leap-tear, #. *—*4 is- sana-t ka- 

Learn, r. f& ta'allam, yata'allam. 

— (hear) £*- sama\ yasma' ; 

q\ uk balag-hu an, yablug-hu. 
Learned, adj. ^ 'alim (pi. ^* 

<ulami); u^W 'irif (pL J;V 

'awarif ) ; ^J** mu'alliin. 
Lkarkiho, #. ^ Him (pL ^ 

'ulum); a*^* ma'rifa-t; a«^ 

^UJ^ sa*a-t al-*ilm. 
Lease, s. *J*A ijira-t. 
Lease, r. fA ajar, yujir; ^/ kara, 

yakri ; ^^ a^ 1 ^ y utr *« 
Leash, «. ^ ribat (pL sJU*) riba- 

tat) ; Jui qaid (pi. ^ quyud). 
Least, adj., adv. jj*~\ asgar (pL 

^V*\ aaagir, ^^ asagira-t, 

e; yut aagarun) ; J*^ aqall ; ^ 

Leather, «. ^ jild (pi. ^ ju- 

Leather-merchant, *. «>W fVrf 

bayya* jild. 
Leathern, adj. ^ if min jild. 
Leave, *. (permission) yj\ izn ; 

SjW\ ijaza-t; *-*•» ruhsa-t; ; %s-*> 

dastiir (pi. j*L* dasatir).— 

(fareicell) &* 9 wada*. — (take 

leave) &y wadda', yuwaddi' ; 

5^^ j±\ ahaz hatir-hu, ya'huz. 
Leave, v. (depart from) dy tarak, 

yatruk; j+* hajar, yahjur.— 

(forsake) J^ hazal, yahzul ; 

JJW hazal, yuhazil. — (bequeath) 

»*J/ tarak, yatruk; ^y wasaa, 

yuwassi ; U&*. hallaf , yuhallif . — 

(suffer to remain) ^^M abqa, 

Leaven, *. S^- hamra-t; ft;t»* 

Leaven, v. j**» hammar, ynham- 

Lecher, «., Lecherous, adj. ,3-Vj 

Lechery, *. 5^ Sahwa-t ; v3— ■* 

Lecture, s. a*/» taqriya-t ; o-4;«tf 

Digitized by 





tadris; **!■*• hu^ba-t. — (admoni- 
tion) St*} wa'aza-t. 

Lecture, v. ^-;*> darras, yudarris ; 
s-*»U. ha{ab, yuh&tib. — (admo- 
nish) Jfccj wa'az, ya'iz. 

Ledger, s. y*t&\ fi^\ ad-daftar 
al-kabir ; ^^\ al-hawi. 

Leech, *. (worm) *alc 'alaqa-t. — 
(doctor) s « t sA {abib (pi. WU 

Leech, v. «jl* 'allaq, yu'alliq. 

Leek, #. *±A£ kurras. 

Leer, b. tyy muzawara-t. 

Lbbr, v. j 5 1) zawar, yuzawir ; j***i 
basbas, yubasbi?. 

Lees, s. jV£e 'akar ; j£* 'akar. 

Left, adj. ^Ua ^amali-y ; ^L-* 
yasar (pi. j— 4 yusr). 

Left-handed, adj. o&V** 'asra- 

Leo, s. ,j\~ saq (pi. «t>UL. saqat, 
^Ul^ siqan). — (of animals) &+& 
qayima-t (pi. m\j* qawayim). — 
(of a chair, Ac!) J*j rijl (pi. J*^ 

Legacy, s. &#°y wasiya-t; u&± 
<^*y halaf muwassa. — (for a 
pious purpose) «-Ai^ waqf (pi. 
±J\*,\ auqaf). 

Legal, s. ^^> sar'i-y ; J r *J\ &\y 
muwafiq as-sar'. 

Legalise, v. ^j* J+e 'amil 
gar'i-y, ya'mal; Jl*. hallal, yu- 
hallil ; £^» sahhah, yusahhib. 

Legality, *. *«*/> 6ari'a-t; J^ 
hilal ; £** sahha-t. 

Legate, a. Jj-; rasul (pi. J-j 
rusnl) ; ^*- safir (pi. t/~ su- 

Legatee, *. a! ^j* muwassa la- 

Legation, s. ij*~ sifara-t. 

Legend, s. (inscription) **^ ka- 
taba-t; fa raqam (pi. fVl>\ 
arqam) ; ^-; rasm (pi. f»j~% 
rusum, +~j\ arsum). — (tale) 
AjV**. ^ikaya-t ; **■* qissa-t ; e^j^ 
hadis (pi. ^j^.\ ahdas). 

Legerdemain, s. f^j za'bara-t. 

Legible, adj. <j^h yanqari (3 aor. 


Legion, *. j^ tabur (pi. ye^f* ta- 

wabir); &£ fariq (pi. UJ\ 

afriqa, jy furuq, 3^ furuq) ; 

&j* jauqa-t (pi. J^ ajwaq). 

Legislate, t?. £^7* g±j wacja' 

Sarayi', yada*. 
Legislation, «. aMH £*j wad* 

ai-Sarayi'; £y*YisUra*. 
Legislature, *. &«j£». kukuma-t; 
gHj&S\ v*We\ e>V J diwan as^ab 
Legitimate, ad;. JV halal. 
Legitimate, v. Jk. hallal, yufcal- 
lil ; JJU J*c «amil Ijalal, ya'mal. 
Legitimation, *. JJ^ 5 tahlil. 
Legume, «. (greens) J* baql (pi. 
Jy% buqM); l*** feudra-t (pi. 
y*± hudar, «t>(^A*. hudrawat) ; 
J^i fdl.— (pod) j** qisr (pi. j^AI 
Leguminous, ad;. J/5^ cr*^ W 

min j ins al-f til ; Jyfc baqiili-y. 

Leisure, *. W^ faraga-t ; SjUi 

fadawa-t; J«^ mahl ; #*• muh- 

la-t ; &V* 4 atla-t. 

Leisurely, adv. *1^ ^ 'ala 

mahli-hi ; aJUj ^ 'ala rawaqa-t. 

Lemon, *. o;+J laimun ; ^^3 lai- 

Lemonade, s. **U^J laimiinata-h ; 

^^U\ v>^/» sarab al-laimun. 
Lend, v. «JtfL sallaf, yusallif ; ^Vc 
'awar, yu*awir ; ju\ a'ar, yu'ir. — 
(money) <j*y* qarad, yaqrid ; ,>y>\ 
aqrad, yuqri4 ; c^*> dayyan, yu- 
dayyin ; q\j\ adan, yudin. 
Lender, a. (^o ?end«) U>%~ sallaf ; 
o*V qarra4 ; ^«^ mudayyin ; 
o*/* muqri^i. — (usurer) ^\f 
Length, s. JjL \dl (pi. J^ at- 
wal). — (o/ time) fo* mudda-t. — 
(a< length) *y^ ahiran; 1^ 
Lengthen, v. J^» tawwal, yutaw- 

wil; J^M a^al, yufil. 
Lengthwise, adv. "^» tMan. 
Leniency, Lenity, s. jJ*» ^ilm; 
&+i%» mulayama-t ; &♦*■; rah ma- 1 ; 
^/ tara^^um. 
Lenient, adj. (softening) ($-tX* 

Digitized by 




mulayyin ; { $£—< • musakkin. — 

(not severe) f*k» mulayim ; ,*JL> 

fcalim (pi. UL> hulama, f&m\ ah- 

Lens, #. *+W) i~x* 'adasa-t zajaji- 

Lent, s . y*Q\ py gaum al-kabir. 
Lentil, #. y*!** <adas ; i-J^ 'ada- 

Leopard, s. ^ nimr (pi. l^ nu- 

mura-t ; ^ fahd (pi. •>** fuhud, 

J*H afhud). 
Leper, #., Leprous, ad;. j*j\ 

abras, f. Uy barsa (pi. ^ burs) ; 

(•^W* niajzum ; fJv* mujaz- 

Leprosy, *. «jp;» baras; 1* bala; 

^•W juzam. 
Less, od;. jM asgar (pi. ^to\ 

aaagir, S/U a^agira-t, e3 /U 

asgarun); Jit aqall ; ^J&\ an- 

Lessee, s. ^ j i Ca-— mustakri ; ^U— ^ 

Lessen, v. /-» saggar, yusaggir; 

Jtt qallal, yuqallil. 
Lesson, *. ^j dars (pi. u*^ 

durus) .— (reading) S*y qira'a-t. 

— (admonition) S^** 'abra-t. 
Lest, con;. 1U liyalla; ^ kaila; 

3 jf» fcatta la; UUtama. 
Let, v. (allow) )p> jawwaz, yujaw- 

waz ; )W\ ajaz, yajiz ; fry wada', 

yada'. — (to a tenant) ^ kara, 

vakri; ^f\ akra, yukri; fA 

ajar, yujir. 
Lethal, adj. Jto qatil. 
Lethargic, Lethaeqical, adj. 

<J\*~ subati-y ; ^U-«i na'san. 
Lethaeot, 8. *a>W- subat ; yJ** 

Letter, 8. (character) «J^ harf 

(pi. «-Jg» huruf, U^ a^riif); 

(fj raqam (pi. ^ ruqum). — 

(epistle) v>*-^£* maktub (pi. 

W^* makatib); v>Vs* kitab 

(pi. s-J* kutub); fil-, risala-t 

(pi. J*S rasayil) ; 81^ barat (pi. 

**>\fo barawat) ; U^j raqima-t. 
Letter-carrier, s. s^fSUl\ J*L. 

^amil al-maktub. 

I Lettsbed, ady. ,Jc v,-^U sahib 
11m (pi. v>W-1 ashib) ; * ^ 
! 'alim (pL Uc 'ulama). 
Lettuce, s. <j-a- baas. 
Levee, #. ^rW* ma j lis (pL ^JW* 

majalis) ; ^^»o diwaa. 
Level, adj. ^l— *• musawi; ^ ■ » 

musaftah ; L-L* bash. 
Level, s. (plane surface) <j;j— *• £**- 
sa$h mutasawwi. — (plain) J«- 
sahl; aJ^. sahla-t (pL Jj«- 
suhul) ; a^~J fasha-t — (equality) 
hy~* taswiya-t; ^\—^ musa- 
wat. — (tool) ^U fadim (pL ^j* 
fawadim); y*Uu miqyis; Jy** 
jadwal (pi. J.W jadawil). 
Level, v. (make even) ^j- sawwa, 
yusawwi; ^k- sattah, yusattih ; 
J«- sabhal, yusahhil. — (tojfce 
aim) cjVjuj ^ ahaz nisan, ya*- 
b u ?; <J^ s-$ rakkab 'ala, yu- 
rakkib ; ^Ic ^ harrar 'ala, yu- 
Lever, s. Jsc <atal ; a^c *atala-t ; 
Jae» muhl (pi. JU-*^ amhal); 
v»y qub (pi. v>^ aqwab). 
Levity, «. Jac aas. hiffat 'aqi ; 

&H*1» tiyaia-t. 
Levy, ». g4-j. jamma', yujammi* ; ^J 

lamm, yalumm. 
Levy, s. a*J lamma-t. 
Lewd, ad;, o*^^ 4 * ^ahwanl-y ; <J-Vi 
fasiq; ^Uaj naf sani-y ; O^ 
Lewdness, s. S^a» sahwa-t ; A^UJtt 

nafsaniya-t ; ^a sabaq. 
Lexicographer, s. <j*y\* ^'»* 
musannif qamiis ; A*I s-»^ s-**A<* 
sahib kitab luga-t; ^y^ luga- 
Lexicoorapht, t. aaU\ ^Jlc 'ilm al- 

Lexicon, s. SjM\ wy\* qamiis al- 
luga-t (pi. u-vfy qawamis) ; 
**5 *t&* kitab luga-t (pi. ^s* 
Liability, «. (responsibility) £*JVk. 
mutalaba-t. — (tendency) J &* 
mail. — (pi. de6^) q$* duyun 
(pi. of (^4»> dain). 
Liable, adj. (exposed) \^)f ma'. 

Digitized by 





^4; \fif* mu'arrad. — (subject) 

* ^ fi yad (" in the hand ") ; 

v**** tafct (" under "). 
Liar, a. s^-tf kazzab (pi. ^ -iin, 

yj***' kuzub) ; cjW* mayyan. 
Libation, *. *** subba-t. 
Libel, s. j>* haju; *-4>*fi»' taqyif. 
Libel, v. V^a haja, yahju; ^U 

haja, yuhaji ; *-A*i qayyaf, yu- 

Libeller, *. ^ haji-y ; u*^ 

Liberal, adj. (generous) 

sahi-y (pi. Wafc-^ ashiya) ; 

kariin (pi. p\f kiram) ; 

jawad (pi. *\f+\ ajwad, 

ajawid, \*>y+ juwada) ; ^m'un- 

S^Us- sahawa-t ; 

Liberality, s. 
Vat- s*ha ; p/ karam ; ^ jud ; 
i>y+ juda-t. 

Liberate, v. ^j^ hallas, yuhallis ; 
If* ljarrar, yuharrir ; v>^ a^laq, 
yujliq ; «J^ a'taq, yu'tiq ; *a»\ 
anqaz, yunqiz. 

Liberation, s. j$U i^iaq ; yoJ^ 

Liberator, s. j^^ muhallis ; 
v3^u» mu'tiq. 

Libertine, *. <J-V* fasiq (pi. &ui 
fasaqa-t, j^— * fussaq) ; ^>»U fajir 
(pi. j\+t fujjar, ipf f • jara-t, ^\y 
fawajir) ; jft^ fajur. 

Libertinism, #. *>U-i fasad; &~* 
fi»q ; J*—* f usuq ; S^a. £abwa-t ; 
jy +> fujur. 

Liberty, *. kf* hurriya-t ; ^>sc 
4 itq; jVsc <ataq; J^ itlaq.— 
(privilege) <3^ haqq (pi. jj&* 
huquq) ; j^*\ imtiyaz. — (ex- 
emption) ^giV** mu'afiya-t. — 
(choke) J~±\ jhtiyar. — (leave) 
i)W\ ijaza-t; i**>j ruhsa-t. 

Libidinous, adj. ^\j«* sahwani-y ; 
^UJb nafsani-y ; ^-JfcVc 'ahir ; 
JL~b fahis. 

Librarian, «. w-**H &y- ^ nagir 
hizana-t al-kutub ; ^Sl\ S&iU. 
hafiz al-kutub. 

Ltbrjlry, #. s-^ &\y± hizana-t 

kutub ; l~ £ * maktaba-t ; ****$ 
kutubiya-t ; 6i\&\£ kitab-Vina-h. 

License, s. (permission) i^\ ija- 
za-t. — (abuse of liberty) \jz*\ 
ijtira' ; **^ safaha-t. 

License, v. )W\ ajaz, yujiz; <j*y 
f aw wad, yufawwicj. 

Licentious, adj. ^^ falit; ^sJU 
faliti-y ; (jjUli falatan ; ^ waqih 
(pi. c^j wuqah) ; J^i saqi-y. 

Licentiousness, s. &l*&\ inhimak ; 
SjVMi saqawa-t ; ^-^ waqaha-t. 

Lick, v. yaJ lahis, yalhas ; «j** 
la'iq, yal*iq. 

Lickerish, adj. vJM* 5 la'iq. 

Licorice, «. ^-j- sus ; ^-^- j^c 
'irq sus. 

Lid, *. Uafc gita (pi. a\M\ ag^iya-t). 

Lie, v. (tell a falsehood) s^*iskazib, 
yakzab ; ^U man, yamm. — (give 
the lie) s^ kazzab, vukazzib. 
— (rest lengthwise) £J*~M insa^ah, 
yansatih; *^ raqad, yarqud. — 
(on one's side) gv daja', yadja*. 
— (recline) »xu. sanad, yasnud; 
(J -JCj\ attaka, yattaki. — (be 
situated) <*» £y*y* i* hu maudu* 


Lie, *. v»J^ kizb; ^^ kizba-t; 
(^» main (pi. ^^ muyun). 

Lieu, s. (in lieu, instead of) *Uje 
^ 4 iwadan 'an. 

Lieutenancy, Lieutenantship, s. 
a>W> niyaba-t; &\Z* wakala-t; 
i*5^ hilafa-t. 

Lieutenant, a. s-*^ n4yib (pi. 
v>y naub, v>V nuwwab); ^Vs 
pla* qayim maqam (pi. ^^ quw- 
wam) ; ^JLs. halifa-t (pi. Uk*)U 
halayif, UU hulafa). — (in the 
army) pj%* mulazim ; s-*4^ nayib. 

Life, s. (being alive) &\y<*» haiwa- 
niya-t; Sli» (for ly^) ^ayat; 
^Ajc 'aiia-t. — (time between birth 
and death) j*e 'amr (pi. ^Uc^ 
a* mar). — (manner of living, con- 
duct) Sp~ sira-t (pi. ,** siyar) ; 
v*jy^ suluk; «tU-L» maslak. — 
(biography) ije~ sira-t.— (life to 
come) Z/J\ al-ahira-t. 

Lifeless, s. (inanimate) Ju^l* 

Digitized by 





jimid fpL -W jamad, •***?► ja- 
lriuiid). — (dead) %&-*• may jit 
f pL **»*r^ amwit, ^j- ma at a) ; 
C S V bi-li rab.— (spiritless) ^ 
^f gair qawi-y; i»£i je± gair 

Lrrr. r. £»> iafa% yarfa' ; Jia ial, 

Ligament, #. (ra^ir) **-■* *asab; 
ir-c 'afiba-t (pL s>*-*t *aa£b). — 
(fetter) -*a* qaid (pL ^©5 qarud, 
^ aqyid). 

Ligatttkk, #. «>U* dimid; *?^ 
'aaiba-t ; W, riba* (pL ^ rabut). 

Light, #. yf nar (pL jtyt anwir) ; 
j* do; ^ diyi. — (wftai aire* 
/t^A/) £♦* ianV ; fcuA sam'a-t 
(pi. £j** sumn'). See Candle, 
Lamp. — (explanation) ^W bajin ; 
§4y* tasrih. — (knowledge, in- 
struction) f*-l* 4 ilm (pL rjl* 
Ilium); s-i^ ta'dib; ^ 

Light, adj. pt nayyir; #** mu- 
nawwar; ^j*~ mudi.— (of colour) 
C?U fatih.— (not weighty) «-M*> 
Eafif (pi. Ulte* hifaf). — (not 
clumsy) <J**j rasiq (pL «J*) 
raiaq) ; l**i naiit. — (not grave) 
J^> tayis. 

Light, v. (illuminate) W ada, 
yudi; »y nawwar, yunawwir. — 
(kindle) J** sa'al, yai'al; aijt 
auqad, yuqid. — (alight) Jy nazal, 
yanzil. — (/aH) gij waqa', yaqa'. 

Lighten, v. (illuminate) Ut a4a, 
yu<ji; ;y nawwar, yunawwir. — 
(flash) j^ baraq, yabruq ; £♦* 
lama', yalma*. — (ma&e lighter) 
*-AA*« haffaf, yuhaffif. — (alleviate) 
C-i fassah, yufaasih ; ^jL. salla, 

Lighter, #. (6oaf) ^3 zauraq (pi. 
j;^3 zawariq); &j^ w^y mar- 
kab ljamula-t. 

Lighthouse, a. fyU* manara-t (pi. 
;*U* nianayir) ; <^*yU fanus (pi. 
is«ft>\y fawanis). 

Lightness, *. &*» hiffa-t. 

Lightning, *. j^ barq (pi. j^ 

Lightsome, o<Jj\ rf+ (frriaii) ma- 

nawwar. — {cheerful) y%-" mas- 

rur ; \^f farhan ; tj— *-• mab- 

Lightsomkness, #. (fcruja/aef*) 

,j» r rannaq; *±* jalwa-t.— 

(eAe*r/*/*«f) «M? bahja-t; ^ 

farah ; j^^- surur. 
Ligneous, od;. < ■ ** tf* min 

hasab ; ^l ** hasabi-y. 
Like, ad/. J** misi ; J~* masil ; 

a«a sabih; ^fe» na^ir ; ^V—s- 

mntasawi ; ^55^— • musawi. 
Like, odr. «^ ka- f prefixed to a 

noon ; j£*£ ka-misl ; f* nahwa. 
Like, v. s-^ habb, yahnbb ; 

^■-^s-^ istahsan, yastahsin. 
Likelihood, # . s3>Jb *«tt- musa- 

baha-t al-haqq ; JUso.^ ittimal ; 

^*4^ tabmin. 
Likelt, od;. i3^J **^-*-* muiabih 

li-'l-haqq ; J^^ muhtamai ; 

JfcOl v^^S qarib U-'l-'aql. 
Liken, r. M» sabbah, yusabbih ; 

Jt* massal, yumassil. 
Likeness, «. (similarity) L-#\»L~ 

musabaha-t; J-*-**> tamsil. — 

(ima^e) St- sura-t (pl.;^-» suwar) ; 

J5a sakl (pi. J^^ aikal, J^a 

sukul); u*-» niqs, naq^ (pi. 

js>y& nuqiis). 
Likewise, odt;. (i» like manner) 

csXJJ^ kazalik. — (moreover) - V*jt 

Liking, *. ^ ri4a ; (^U^^-^ istib- 

san ; <}*• mail (pi. JW^ amyal). 
Lilac, *. J^- sambuq; yU. 

haman, human ; <jjUi-tf bailasan. 
Liliputian, ad;., *. jt±* sugayyir 

(dim. of j<-** sagir, " small "). 
Lily, *. o^-^- susan ; &&\ zambaq. 
Limb, s. ^ 'a^u (pi. Uc\ a'da). — 

(border) ***W basiya-t (pi. v^^ 

hawa^i) ; &^ hafa-t; U> taraf. 
Limb, v. (dissect) \** 'ada, ya'tjii ; 

J-i fassal, yufassil. 
Lime, *. <j& kils. — (quick-lime) 

p+jir.— (fruit) Qj+J laim^n. 
Lime, v. <j~tf kallas, yukallis. 
Limit, «. *w badd (pi. o^J^ hudAd) ; 

Xj\& nihaya-t. 

Digitized by 





Limit, v. (set bounds to) *>J^ had- 
dad, yuhaddid. — (restrict) j~* 
hasar, yahsur. 

Limitation, *. J*^ tahdid; j**- 

Limp, v. *f 'arij, ya'raj ; g~-s* 
hasa', yahsa*. 

Limp, s. $f 'araj. 

Limp, adj. y** layyin ; &f*l\ J^, 
sahil al-'ajufa-t. 

Limpid, adj. J>^> eafi ; uU* saf- 

Limpidnk88, s. t&« eafa; S;Uo safa- 
wa-t ; iJyt* suf uf . 

Line, *. U. haft (pi. ^^ hu^uO ; 
}*- sa^r (pi. j^ft- su^ur, j^A 
astar, ^U-.^ asa^ir. — (cord) J**» 
habl ; &**> fcabla-t ; &-j* mara- 
sa-t (pi. ^f maras, <j*t**t am - 
ras). — (equator) \yz~y\ Cl haft 
al-istiwa. — (row, line of battle) 
*-**> eaff (pi. *->£* sufuf).— 
(fishing -line) S^U* sinnara-t (pi. 
«>t -at,^-*U* sananir). 

Like, v. (mark with lines) Ua&> hat- 
ta{, yuhattit ; ^*- sa^tar, yusat- 
tir. — (cover the inside) ^ ba$- 
taD, yubattin. 

Lineage, s. h)* zurriya-t (pi. ^V«i 
zarari) ; Jl al (pi. J\^ awal) ; 
J~* nasi (pi. JV— i\ ansal) ; s-~-* 
nasab (pi. s^— ^ ansab). 

Lineal, adj. (placed in lines) }*~* 
musattar. — (descending) <JL-j 
naali-y ; s- «-****• muntasib. 

Lineament, s. gjatf taqti* (pi. 
&L\£ taqatf'). 

Linear, adj. J^ hututf-y. 

Linen, s. q& ^»Ui qumas* kattan ; 
yi bazz. — (underclothing) ^Ui 
^/Wi qumai bayad. 
Linen, adj. 0^ e* min kattan; 

yt &* min bazz. 
Linen-draper, s. )\y bazzaz. 
IiiNOEE, v. (languish) ^u saqim, 
yasqam. — (loiter) jj*> ta'awwaq, 
yata'awwaq; J^W ba$a, yubatf; 
JaU mahal, yumabil ; /-^ ta'ah- 
hax, yata'ahhar. 
^Linguist, s. *a>Uitt ^)U 'alim al- 

lugat ; *j*£ <a>U) (*)*+ mu'allam 

lugat kasira-t. 
Linguistic, adj. &M ^lc s-*-^* 

munasib 'ilin al-luga-t. 
Liniment, s. pby marham (pi. 

(**\f marahim) ; <$yfc*> duhun. 
Lining, *. &U»* ba{ana-t. 
Link, s. &U. halqa-t (pi. *&AaL. 

halaqat, ,31*. ^alaq); S*>j) zara- 

da-t ; **X^« masakk. 
Link, v. J— A- salsal, yusalsil ; «M 

qayyad, yuqayyid. 
Linnet, *. jj*/» 6ur£ur. 
Lint, *. (flax) s-^* qunnab, qin- 

nab. — (for wounds) «j - a ^ katit. 
Lintel, «. ^Vsy ^jx 'ataba-t fau- 

qaniya-t (pi. o! -at, s^» *atab) ; 

&*£Ji uskubba-t. 
Lintseed, Linseed, *. 0U3\ j$ 

bizr al-kattan ; v~*& qumbus. 
Lion, s. ±~\ asad (pi. ±~\ usud, 

«>^ usud) ; ^— sabu* (pi. £W~ 

siba') ; *^-J lais (pi. *£>j-*J 

Lioness, «. **>j*J labwa-t. — (m<A 

young) &<-£-• muibila-t. 
Lip, *. aaa. £affa-t (pi. fiUk ^ifah, 

«-AAAi Sufuf, ^^a. sifaf).— (e%e) 

^i fum, famm (pi. i\j*\ afwah, 

pWrt afmam). 
Liquefaction, s. s-4;^ tazwib; 

ig U «.«■■> tasbik. 
Liquefy, v. s^»* zawwab, yuzaw- 

wib ; «£X*~ sabbak, yusabbik. 
Liqueub, *. £*jA saraba-t. 
Liquid, s. g>U mayi' (pi. &\y 

mawayi*) ; ^ lif* iniya'a-t. — 

(liquid letter) &J layyina-t. 
Liquid, adj. ^U mayi* ; J«L. 

sayil ; s-4^ zayib. 
Liquidate, v. (accounts) s^~- *5^ ^ 

rasad al-hisab, yarsud. 
Liquidation, «. s^^*-^^ u ^ balas 

Liquor, s. (liquid) #U mayi* (pi. 

$}y , mawayi'). — (intoxicating 

drink) v»V» §arab (pi. &ij*\ a^ri- 

ba-t) ; Sj*s. hamra-t (pi. jy**- 


LlQUOEICE, S. <j*y~ 8U8 ; u - ^* v%* 

'irq sua. 


Digitized by 





Lisp, v. (>s+5 tamtam, yutamtim ; 

(^ lakin, yalkan. 
Lisp, Lisping, 8. &*U*J tamtama-t ; 

&y£ lukiina-t. 
List, 8. (register) £**Vi qayima-t; 

ct^e* fibrist (pi. v-bty farahis, 

Pers.)\ f>J daftar (pi. yU*> 

dafatir, Pers.). — (arena) <£±g+ 

maidan, midan (pi. ^*>W* maya- 

List, v. (enrol) «sA*a Sabak, yas- 

buk. — (desire) ^^^»\ i£taba, yai- 

talii ; *t-Aj ragib, yargab. 
Listen, v. g*~ sama', yasma* ; 

g*-~s-^ istasama', yastasami' ; 

o^ nasat, yangit ; o-o^j tanas- 

?at, yatanas^at. 
Listener, 8. £+~~z~* mustasami*. 
Listless, adj. (without desire or 

energy) >>& barid. — (careless) 

JA* gafil. 
Listles8Ness, 8. 8d^ buruda-t; 

&* gafla-t ; S jI» balada-t. 
Literal, adj. i Jbrt lafgi-y; ^yti 

lugawi-y, lagawi-y. 


0^*5 ma'na lugawi-y ; { J*\ ^y** 

ma'na asli-y ; U^i &*> diqqa-t 

Liteballt, adv. «jy*». «J^ harf bi- 

barf ; jfeiJtf J* <ala tadqiq. 
Litebabt, adj. s-4^ adib. 
Liteeati, adj. M udaba. 
Literature, s. <+>\rt\ al-adab ; ^JLe 

*^>S$\ 'ilm al-adab. 
Lithe, Lithesome, adj. U^t\ ab- 

yaf , f . U*a haifa (pi. UUa hif) ; 

<-*<&• muhaf haf ; <Jfe*) raqiq (pi. 

jl*> riqaq). 


riqqa-t, raqqa-t ; &V«J liyana-t. 
Litigate, v. f>W hasam, yuhasim ; 

p+\& tabasam, yatahasain; JjU 

naza', yunazi' ; £jU? tanaza', ya- 

Litigation, s. ^c*> da'wa (pi. 

iSJ^J da'awa) ; Z*y*± husuma-t ; 

£**4i qadiya-t (pi. V*Ui qa<Jaya) ; 

&*t\j+ murafa'a-t. 
Litigious, adj. ^a* muda'i. 
Litigiousness, s. $V lajaj. 

Litter, a. J+** mahmal (pi. J-»W* 
mabamil); &W« muhaffa-t; e*>y& 
haudaj (pi. e*>\y* hawadij) ; c^ 
(^ taht rawan (Pers.). 

Little, adj. (in quantity) J<sli 

3 alii (pi. 0jl*lS qaluun, J& qulul, 
Ai qilal, lit aqilla). — («na«) 

^j*-» eagir (pL jU* sigar, \^-» 

Little, 8. hf> 6uwaiya-t; Jeli 

qalil ; ^ jji qalil 6e-y. 
Littleness, a. JU* sigar; S;U* 

sagara-t ; yu sigar ; &* qilla-t. — 

(meanness) $+4\ p<** 'adam al- 

bimma-t ; &$ zilla-t. 
Liturgic, Liturgical, adj. ,^~& 

Liturgy, *. ^-Jk $aqs (pi. ^-y^ 

Live, v. {uS e^- bayi, yafcya; v>^ 

'a3, ya'is. — (live upon) v» o^aJ 

taqawwat bi, yataqawwat ; J^Uc\ 

i'tai, ya'tai.— (dwell) ^ sakan, 

yaskun. — (flourish) ^ na'im, 

yan*ara; ^*a* tana"am, yata- 

na u am. 
Liveliness, *. 8j^ hidda-t; ifa 

barara-t; Luj nasaf. 
Livelong, adj. (lasting) ^U da- 

yim; J|A tawil (pi. J^> tiw^l, 

JW^ tijal). 
Lively, adj. UU na^it ; ^^ naiit ; 

»>^ tadd ; v^ barik. 
Liver, s. ^ kabid (pi. ^\ ak- 

bad). — (together with heart, 

lungs, and spleen) <jj^** ma'aliq 

(pi. of jW mi 4 laq). 
Livid, adj. Ju>\ asfar^ f . \jiu> 9a f ra ; 

/** musfarr. 
Lividity, s. j\u sufar; &p\ ykJ 

tagayyur al-laun. 
Living, s. (livelihood) JL-* <ai£; 

^>Vfc. ma^a^ ; ^jj^ nm'isa-t (pi. 

u^U^ m^ayi^); j^ rizq (pi. 

v3^ arzaq). — (manner of life) 

&**>*& *ai^a-t. 

Lizard, s. ^ waran; ii 

na-t; yo^ burais; ^^ 
buraie; w— a <Jabb 



f^ abu 

Digitized by 




Lo, interj. & i?; W i?a; >\ 

unzur; q\ inna. 
Load, *. (burden) &** $ila-t ; &+*. 

tamla-t; J*»> haml (pi. JU«^ 

a^mal). — (cargo) &y**» tamula-t ; 

yy+y wasq (pi. Jj-j wusuq, «j~y 

ausuq) ; &-j wasqa-t. 
Load, r. (animals) J*»- hammal, 

yuhammil. — (a «Aip) <J-j wasaq, 

yasiq; «j-jt ausaq, yiisiq. — (a 

gun) j+* 'ammar, yu'ammir ; j»> 

daqq, yaduqq. 
Loadstone, *. j j *^**- J*** hajar 

Loaf, s. ^M; ragif (pi. &*y argi- 

fa-t, cJ* ; ruguf) ; ^ *->/ qur- 

sat hubz. — (sugar-haf) £~ s-J^ 

qalib sukkar (pi. s-J\y qawalib). 
Loam, #. i$J° tin. 
Loam, v. o^ tan, yatfn ; ^ tay- 

yan, yutayyin. 
Loan, a. (0/ ^oocfc) »)W* 'iyara-t. — 

(of money) <>/ qard ; W qar- 

da-t; <<#*> din (pi. <^*> duyun). 

— (without interest) «-&* salaf . 
Loathe, v. a/karih, yakrah; *;& 

takarrah, yatakarrah; Ij-*m 

istakrah, yastakrih; ^ nafar, 

yanf ur; J^ < a f, ya'af, ya'if. 
Loathful, Loathsome, adj. *)£*• 

makruh ; */ karih ; $>** sani'. 
Loathing, s. h*\j> karahiya-t ; 

h\fA~\ istikrah; &** bug<Ja-t; 

SjAi nafra-t. 
Loathsomeness, a. ***** Sani'a-t 

(pi. ffS&> $anayi«); ***** Saqa- 

Lobby, s. >>*> dihliz (pi. >^*> 

dahaliz) ; J^ rauq (pi. <J^ 

Lobe, 8. (anatom.) <y^j ragama.^ 
Lobster, 8. ^5/^ &f&~ salta'un 

(saltan) bafcri-y (pi. &*i&~ 

Local, adj. o*^* makani-y ; ^+f 

Locality, s. £±j* mau4a' (pi. e±V 

mawadi') ; q\*" makan (pi. e*^ 

am akin, &M amkina-t) ; Jw» 

mahall (pi. JW« mahall); fVa* 

maqam ; ***** kai§iya-t. 


Lock, 8. (of a door) Jtf qufl (pi. 

JVAi^ aqfal); ij*~ sikra-t (pi. 

/U- sakakir); yf\Z kaliin (pi. 

^\j* kawalin). — (of hair) &U. 

ft* fcalqa-t sVr; **\)& zuwaba-t 

(pi. s-*W* zuwayib). 
Lock, v. Ji* qafal, yaqf ul ; qaffal, 

yuqaffil; £~ sakkar, yusakkir. 
Locket, 8. (amulet) j/* \pxz (pi. 

)\f»\ a^raz). 
Locksmith, 8. J^* qaffal; &?&* 

sakakiri-y ; »>W haddad. 
Locomotion, «. ^ lg^raka-t ; J» 

(jj^U naql makan ; Jte*\ intiqal. 
Locomotive, 8. £A\ hf 'arabat an- 

LociJ8T, 8. l*\ft jarada-t (pi. *\p- 

Lodge, 8. (small house) 8^j du- 

Lodge, v. (deposit) &y wada', 

yada'. — (give shelter) y£»* sak- 

kan, yusakkin; Jy nazzal, yu- 

nazzil. — (dwell) J£- sakan, yas- 

Lodger, s. (*A* muqim. 
Lodging, s. Jy^ manzil (pi. Jj^* 

manazil) ; ^^» mas wa (pi. ^^ 

Loft, s. &J» tabaqa-t (pi. jW 

atbaq, bt±\ atbiqa-t) ; S*X~i fasa- 

Loftiness, «. (height) &*Sj\ irtifa 4 . 

— (sublimity) W* 'azama-t; y* 

'ulu-w. — (of mind) «-*/• ^araf ; 

&+&> himma-t. — (pride) y& ta- 

kabbur; ^ip* kibriya; tr-+* 

sumuh ; Sjab+* samhara-t. 
Lofty, adj. (elevated) £&>/• mur- 

tafi 4 ; J* 4 ali-y; JU ^ali.— 

(AigfA - minded) «-*!/• ^arif (pi. 

wi\^ aSraf, V ^urafa) ; ^/ 

karim (pi. ^/kirani). — (haughty) 

y£&+ mutakabbir. 
Log, s. ^y qurma-t ; *<s^i qirmi- 

ya-t (pi. ^y q ara mi). 
Logarithms, s. &*&\ <j*j wafq al- 

Loggerhead, s. &*&* huka'a-t; 

&i* hubaka-t ; jU- l^imar ; yi? 

tais (pi. o*^* tuyus). 

Digitized by 



Logic, s. <3WJ\ *ie 41m al-mantiq. 
Logical, adj. <jLlJ\ s-**j- ^ 'ala 

mii jib al-mantiq ; <j&a* man- 

Logician, *. ^aU* mantaqi-y. 
Loin, *. s-X* galb (pi. s-M aslub, 

v>W aslab). 
Loiter, t>. J~^ kasil, yaksal ; J-^» 

takasal, yatakasal; jJo* batft, 

yabtA ; f\*~\ ista'har, yasta'hir. 
Loiterer, s. J-^« mutakasil; 

O^-* kaslan. 
Loitering, s. fr butit ; JUj^ ih- 

Lone, Lonely, Lonesome, adj. 

(place) *>/** munfarid. — (person) 

>*+ y A* mutawahhid. 


Someness, 8. *>\j6\ infirad ; Sj*^ 
wahda-t ; J-***. wah.4at. 

Long, adj. J«y> ^awil (pi. J\^ 
tiwal) ; ^^^* mamdtid.— (alow) 
J* baii-y ; J»W^ mutaba^i. 

Long, v. Jh jUa\ igtaq ila, ya^taq ; 
^ s-ij ragib fi, yargab ; «^\ 
is'taha, yaStahi. 

Longeval, adj. j+*&\ J>y» tawil al- 
'umr (pi. J\jL (iwal, tuwal). 

Longevity, s. ^-mJ\ fly. tiilat al- 

Longing, *. ^ 4auq (pi. j\^\ 
aiwaq) ; jW**^ i^tiyaq ; M> rag- 
ba-t ; p\^ garam. 

Longitude, *. jy> $!•— (<%ree 0/) 
JjU\ &^»> darajat at-t&l (pi. &j*> 

Longitudinal, «<£/. ^jt {ulani-y. 

Look, v. (glance) ft nagar, yangur ; 
glW ta^alla', yatatalla' (botb 
with J\ ila). — (look for) Ju>\ 
intagar, yantagir. — (look into) 
%±"*. bahas, yabha§ ; j**J fahas, 
yafhas. — (look out) iju* fattai, 
yufattis\ — (appear) <^ ban, 
yaban ; J&* aJ la-hu mangar. 

Look, s. j* nagar (pi. j\te\ angar) ; 
ZJ& nagra-t; &L {alla-t. — (ap- 
pearance) J*** mangar (pi. ^u* 
managir); ky ruya-t; *+) wajb 
(pi. fiy>.j wujub). 

Looking-glass, s. $\y mirat (vulg. | 



^y miraya-t; pi. \y mara, \*^ 
maraya) ; j&** minzar. 
Loom, «. 5~-^ minsaj (pi. g-l** 
manasij); Jy naul (pi. Jtyt 
Loom, s. c$ lab, yalufc ; y*U* taga- 

bar, yatagahar. 
Loop, *. (noose) *l fabb (pi. fcU^ 
fihah, ty^ fuhul) ; flt^ fcibala-t 
(pi. J«W^ hibayif). 
Loose, adj. (not fastened) *sUx* 
munfakk ; J «, ;« munhall. — 
(lax) <J*f murtaha; ^f~~+ 
mustarha. — (not costive) &£* 
mulayyan. — (wanton) o-U f asiq ; 
p\* 'abir ; J^Xh fahil 
Loose, v. (untie) J«* ball, ya^ull ; 
«tU f akk, yaf ukk.— (set at liberty) 
(jai^ hallas, yuballis. 
Loosen, v. (relax) ^ rabba, yu- 
rabhi. — (the bowels) J«~\ asbal, 
yushil ; ^ layyan, yulayyin. 
Looseness, *. (relaxation) ifa ra- 
bawa-t. — (lewdness) Sje* sabwa-t. 
— (of the bowels) J^ isbal; 
e>WN (jjV- sayalan al-batn. 
Lop, v. glai qata 4 , yaq^a' ; s-*/ 
qardab, yuqardib.— (prune) ft 
qallam, yuqallim ; ^1^ kasalj, 
Lopping, s. M^ qar4aba-t ; ^L^ 

Loquacious, adj. (dSS\ ^ kagir 
al-kalam; ljj&\ ^ kagir al- 
calaba-t ; ^L-«U galabawi-y ; 
^±0+ mihzar. 
Loquaciousness, Loquacity, s. 
f$&\ lj£ kagra-t al-kalam ; ^Ui 
fu^ar; l^ galaba-t. 
Lord, s. (master) s-^to sahib (pi. 
v>W*\ as^ab); ^ rabb (pi. 
v>^>\ arbab) ; <Jy maula (pi. 
J^ mawali). — (husband) Jk* 
ba'l (pi. JW bi'al).— (my iord) 
^5^* Q ya sayyadi. — (addressing 
God) <jj k ya rabbi. 
Lord, v. s^/ tarabbab, yatarab- 

bab ; U-J? tasallat, yatasallat. 
Lordship, s. (dominion) fy*\ ima- 
ra-t; a^U malikiya-t. — (title) 

Digitized by 





Lose, v. {mislay) g** <Jayya, yu- 
4ayyi*. — (opposed to gain) y~± 
hasir, yahsar. — (as hope, courage, 

&c -) 5 tl* <l a t a S yaqta*. 

Loss, s. SjU4» hasara-t ; q\j>~*» hus- 
ran ; ^atf naqs ; e>U# nuqean ; 
•*** faqd. — {destruction) ^JU 
halak ; XtfU halaka-t. — (waste) 
*J$*\ itlaf . — (6e at a loss) j&* ta- 
hayyar, yata^ayyar. 

Lot, s. s-**-* nasib (pi. \**\ ansiba, 
&**\ ansiba-t); Z*j> qur'a-t (pi. 
g^ qura'); ^ sahm (pi. f^e- 
siham). — (fate) &•— J qisma-t ; 
Ui qa<Ja (pi. &*-ti\ aq<Jiya-t) ; j<& 
cjadr (pi. )\<&\ aqdar). — (cast lots) 
*cy6t s^a cjarab al-qur'a-t, ya4- 
rib; £/ qara', yaqru'; ^*^- 
saham, yuaahim ; p*l~5 tasaham, 

Lotion, a. Jjk natul ; Jj~* gasul. 

Lottery, s. s-*a** nasib; f**t-J 

Loud, adj. &yA\ <JU 'ali as-saut. 

Loudness, 8. vuyS\ 6AAi slddat as- 

Lounge, v. ^ batik, yabtu; J~* 
kasil, yaksal ; J~t& takasal, ya- 

Lounger, s. J^-X« miksal. 

Louse, s. *Ui qamla-t (pi. J4J 

Louse, v. ^ falla, yufalli. 

Love, s. ( jxwnon) <>** 'isq ; «^yfc 
hawa (pi. \y*\ ahwa) ; A* garam ; 
«JU* ga'af ; pW* huyani. — (affec- 
tion) s-^- hubb; 4*»* muhab- 
ba-t ; »>j wadd. 

Love, t>. <>*** *a£iq, ya'Saq; *-A*fr 
sVaf , yai'af ; p\* ham, yahim. — 
(be fond of) s-*^ habb, yahubb, 
yahibb ; ^ wadd, yawadd. 

Loveliness, 8. b\J* zarafa-t ; «J^ 
zarf; &VU latafa-t; JWjamal; 
($—*• husn ; &*>%• malaha-t. 

Lovely, adj. J*** Jamil; *-Aj«J 
latff (pi. *^U Htaf ) ; «-A^ Z arif 
(pi. U)t gurafa, wi> zuruf, u\jk 
ziraf) ; <jfe*\ aniq. 

Low, adj. (not elevated) <J*y wati-y ; 
«JWj wati. — (mean) i f*** hasis ; 

ytfr* haqir; J*> dani (pi. Uj 
duna'a, ^ adna). — (not loud) 
^hafi-y; J^wati. 

Low, v. fi na'ar, yan'ar ; g* 'ajj, 
ya'ij 3 ; j\*- har, yahur. 

Lower, v. (bring down) J»j wafta, 
yuwatti ; jy nazzal, yunazzil. — 
(lessen) Ju qallal, yuqallil ; ^ 
naqqa$, yunaqqis. — (degrade) 
JJ^ zallal, yuzallil ; /** ^aqqar, 

Lowing, s. ;U> nu'ar ; s\p> huwar. 
5WLINE8S, *. £*-**■ hi * 

Lowliness, *. gy**- hu^; g*V 

Lowly, ad;. (At*w6Ze) g±U hadi* ; 

^ys*» mutawadi*. 
Lowness, s. fa watA; JW^ ^xc 

( adam irtifa*. — (meanness) iju»> 

haqara-t ; ^ >»^^ hasisa-t. 
Loyal, adj. y*A amin (pi. UM 

umana); ^ s-^^-» sahib wafa; 

jjU eadiq ; j^^o siddiq ; f+ * &z~* 

Loyalist, s. ^*W ^ zA eadaqa-t ; 

U^ s^-U eatib wafa. 
Loyalty, s. &*U>\ ita'a-t; ^UU&-\ 

istiqama-t ; j»x* eidq ; ^ wafa. 
Lubricate, v. (jAJ dahhan, yudah- 

hin ; oPj zallaq, yuzalliq. 
Lubrication, s. &6*& tadhin; 

&Sy tazliq. 
Lubricity, *. l+j+t dusAma-t ; 

ItxtoJ dahniya-t. — (lewdness) <j~*j 

dauas ; S^a. ^ahwa-t ; ^^ sahu- 

Lucid, od;. ^^ wadit ; H/° 9 ar ib 

(pi. U^» guraha, &\y earayih). 
Lucidity, Lucidness, *. t^-At^ 

idat ; Wi* eara^at. 
Luck, «. ^Vl tali 4 (pi. jH A tawali') ; 

JW*^ iqbal; S*>U- sa*ada-t; «>*: 

baht (Pers.).—(bad luck) <j~c* 

nahs (pi. <j*f* nuhiis). 
Luckless, adj. {j*?*^ manh&s ; 

o*». aJ U ma la-hu baht; J«l* 

tf ^ijl qalil al-baht; ^ 

mai'iim (pi. ^©fU-» maia'im). 
Lucky, od;. ^--j*- sa'id ; jl-j 

mus'ad ; cw*. s-^^» sahib baht. 
Lucrative, adj. ***+ mufid; g*U 

nafi' ; &y murabbi^t. 

Digitized by 





Lucre, 8. s-*~* kasb ; h> ribh ; 

l^\i fayida-t ; *«aa* manfa'a-t. 
Ludicrous, adj. «cW&* mudhik; 

Sjat-^ masbara-t. 
Ludicroubness, a.^b— m tamashur ; 

J)tf tahazzul ; ^6» tahrij. 
Luggage, 0. <j^ labas ; &\f* ^a- 

wayij (pi. of W*. Mja-t) ; v>W-^ 

asbab (pi. of s-*- sabab). 
Lugubeious, adj. y&+ mukaddir; 

^* mugimm. 
Lukewarm, adj. yU fatir; JJ*** 

mu'tadil. — (0/ a j?eram) *>jW 

barid ; /V* fatir ; S^ aJ U ma la- 

hu gira-t. 
Lukewarmness, 8. jf* f utur ; 8j^ 

buruda-t; Syktt &* qillat al- 

Lull, v. (a child) ^ nayyam, yu- 

Lullaby, a. &V*<f. bajbaja-t. 
Lumbago, 8. £U> ruma ( . 
Lumber, *. JW asqal (pi. of Jtf 

gaqal). — {timber) s-*£^ basab (pi. 

v>U<U aUab). 
Lumber-room, 8. *J*j&\ &>*• baz- 

na-t al-fars. 
Luminary, 8. jt* nayyir (du. ^V* 

nayyiran, " sun and moon ") ; 

^J\rf ^-^ jasm nurani-y. 
Luminous, adj. jf* munawwir; 

jt*+ munir; ^j** mu<jli; g*i 

Luminousness, 8. jf nur (pl.jV^ 

an war) * &^ du. 
Lump, a. &* kutla-t (pi. J^ kutal) ; 

Ul qifa-t (pi. ^oi qita 4 ). 
Lunacy, *. ^^ junun; ^^ 

bazayan; Wj- sauda. 
Lunar, adj. ^j** qamari-y. 
Lunatic, ad;., 8. (^%* majnun 

(pi. e)**W* majanin) ; ^^aU 

maltus* ; csjWj- saudawi-y. 
Lunation, «. ^*al\ »* daur al- 

qamar (pl.;V^ ad war). 
Lunch, Luncheon, 8. \$& giza (pi. 

&i±L\ agziya-t) ; *W luhja-t ; 

£%*J lumja-t. 
Lung, «. #; riya-t. 
Lupine, *. u~*/ turmus, tarmus 


Lurch, 8. &&1* balasa-t. 

Lure, 8. &**L {u'ma-t (pi. ^ 

tu'am) ; *>«V jazba-t. 
Lure, v. s^-W jazab, yajzub; gA 

tamma', yutammi*. 
Lurid, adj. /***• mu'attam, mu- 

'tim ; }*-£* mukaddir ; j-i& 

Lurk, v. yS kaman, yakmun ; 

kamin, yakman ; **j raead, yar- 

sud ; ^y?* 5 tababba, yatababba. 
Lurking-place, 8. *~y marsad 

(pi. a*W» marasid) ; &+&• mak- 

man (pi. y*\£+ makamin) ; {$**& 

Luscious, adj. k& laziz (pi. ^ 

luzz, S\& lizaz) ; jU ^vIHl ; s^ 

Lu8ciousness, 8. S^U balawa-t. 
Lust, 8. Sje* £abwa-t ; «^yfc bawa 

(pi. \j*\ abwa); u~» nafs (pi. 

^-y* nufus, y*i\ anfus). 
Lust, v. W* Saba, ya^bu; ^.^e** 1 ^ 

i£taba, ya^tabi. 
Lu8tpul, adj. ^V-Jtt nafsani-y; 

iJ)}** sabwabni-y ; ^y^ fasiq. 
Lustfulness, 8. i^UJtf nafsani- 

ya-t ; v^- 1 fisq. 
Lustiness, #. 8jl quwwa-t; ^»)iu 

salama-t ; 4^^ 'afiya-t. 
Lustre, *. (splendour) W-* <Jija ; 

S^ jalwa-t; vJPjj; raunaq. — 

(renown) »^* majd ; ^W a fti\ i^ti- 

^ar ; ^ f abr. 
Lustrous, adi. ^» munir; j^» 

barraq; g*5 lami*. 
Lusty, o^/. ^5^1 qawi-y; ^l- 

salim (pi. UJL sulama). 
Lute, 8. ^ 'aud (pi. ^J^ 

Luxuriance, *. 8y£ kasra-t; S0V4J 

ziyada-t; ^ f ai<L ; U.^ rab&; 

)fr wuf ur ; «;*• wafra-t. 
Luxuriant, od;. u^V* fayi<jl ; y^ 

wafir ; ^^ kagir (pi. ^Utf kisar) ; 

j^y* mauf ur. 
Luxuriate, v. ^ na ( am, yumVim ; 

^**» tana 4 'am, yatana u ara. 
Luxurious, ad/. ^U* muna'am; 

^ mutana"im. 

Digitized by 






Lying, a. v>A& takazzub. 
Lying, adj. s-»^ kazzab. 


Lynx, e. J*t fahd (pi. *jfl fuhud, 

J*rt afhud). 
Lyre, b. *>j* 'aud (pi. y\±& 



Macs, *. (sceptre) s-**l qadib (pi. 

oW^ qmjban) ; Uc <aea (pi. V-e* 

a'sa).— (cZufc) «wj** nabbut (pi. 

ts~ctl$* nababit) ; <j*ti* dabbus 

(pi. u*^^ J dababis). — {spice) 

s-J» )y* jauz {ib. 
Machinate, v. J^ ihtal, yahtal ; 

&t+- J** 'ami! fcila-t, ya'mal; 

J*-W tadahal, yatadahal. 
Machination, *. ^s^ hila-t ; JW^ 

Machine, b. &\ ala-t ; v> V dulab 

(pi. s-JV dawalib); O*' * * " 

manjaniq (pi. <Jk*^*» manajiq, 

<jk*V» majaniq). 
Machinist, 0. ***v» manjani- 

Mackerel, 0. ^^ft-\ usqumn 

Mad, ad;, er^* majnun (pi. ^ W* 

majanin) ; s->jL~* maslub ; Js^aU 

Madcap, *. ey^* majniin. 
Madden, v. &+ jannan, yujannin ; 

q+\ aiann, yujinn; J**- habal, 

yahbal ; habbal, yuhabbil. 
Madhouse, *. ^Lju^U maris^an 

(Pers.for q\&~J**i bimaristan). 
Madness, $. ay-h juniin ; J—**- 

habl,hubl; J**» tahabbul; y-« 

Magazine, *. Qyis* mahzan (pi. 

^jW* mahazin) ; J-»^- hasil (pi. 

J-^ ^awasil). — (miscellany) 

£+*<• majma' (pi. g*V* maja- 

Maggot, $. (grub) 8-y> duda-t (pi. 

q\±i4 didan). — (whim) (**) wahm 

(pi. f\*f auham). 
Magi, *. v*w ma jus (pi. of ^^ 


Magic, b. f*~ 
W*- simiya. 

Magical, aa)'. ^ 
^4— il» tilsami-y. 

sifcr. — (0/ beauty) 
sahttari-y ; 

i- safcir (pi. 

su^ara) ; 


Magician, 8. 

safcara-t, Ua 

Magistracy, *. &»j£»- l^ukuma-t; 

*4$j walaya-t ; ttf qa4a (pi. &*&\ 

Magistrate, *. **^ l^akim (pi. 

r ^ fcukkam); ^U qatf (pi. 

8UI qu^at); J1, wall (pL S^ 

Magnanimity, b. *♦* himma-t; 

M/ karama-t. 
Magnanimous, adj. JU* s-^^» 

safcib himma-t (pi. s-»U-©\ as^ab) ; 

m£ karim (pi. p\/ kiram) ; fU* 

nuniam (pi. ,»Ua himam). 
Magnate, b. «*£ kabir (pi. £4 

kibar, ^ kubara) ; s>> rabb (pi. 

v>^ arbab). 
Magnet, g. (j^J*^* ^^- bajar mag- 

Magnetic, Magnetical, adj. 

j^e^* * magnatisi-y. — (attrac- 
tive) s^W jazib. 
Magnetise, v. ^^^LjuJ^ isW ^akk 

bi-'l-magna^is, yafeukk. 
Magnetism, b. < j » & *+i\ yj\^ ha- 

wass al-magnatis. 
Magnificence, «. fi^i f ahra-t ; 

JV jalal ; JV yy* 4 izz wa jalal ; 

&y> sauka-t. 
Magnificent, g. /-U fahir; ^afe^u 

muf tahar ; J«V jalil. 
Magnify, v. (exalt) y£ kabbar, yu- 

kabbir; ^ 'azzam, yu'aszim; 

j)ft *azzaz, yu*azziz. — ( praise) c* 3 ^ 

madat, yamda^; *♦*» l?amad) 

Digitized by 





yabmud ; J^« majjad, yumaj 
jid. — (amplify) £-j wassa', yu 
wassi* ; ^13 zayyad, yuzayyid. 

Magniloquence, 0. jl&j fu£ar 
J«±x\ if tihar. 

Magniloquent, adj. jV-Ai fai£ar 
jafe*A* muf tahir. 

Magnitude, 0. ^ kubr ; jJ&e 'uzm 
JUkc 'azama-t. 

Magpie, *. <3*** 'aq'aq (pi. «j>M*e 
'aqa'iq) ; sj»±£ kundus\ 

Maid, Maiden, 0. c^ bint (pi. 
«wW banat) ; ^j bikr (pi. ;Wtf 
akbar) ; &-Jj** batula-t ; \>J^-* 
4 azra (pi. ^^ 'azara). — (*pin- 
ster) h)\* 'aziba-t. — (servant) 
MJii haddama-t; hjW jariya-t 
(pi. ^5;V* jawari). 

Maiden, Maidenly, adj. ^$j£* 

Maidenhead, b. *j&i bakara-t; 
£Jy* batuliya-t. 

Mail, s. (armour) fy* dir* (pi. 
&j*\ adra', £$* duru 1 ) ; *>ij 
zarad (pi. *>\>j^ azrad, ^) zurud). 
— (letter-bay) ^j^k-j-H v-^ kis 
al-bostaji. — (conveyance) &~y 

Maim, v. £j*. jada', yajda* ; ^ 
'aw war, yu'awwir, 

Main, adj. JUt awwal (pi. J*M 

\ " "7 awali), f. J,1 uta 

(pi. *a>VJ^ ulayat) ; J«\ a*li-y ; 


fOA* muqaddam. 

Main, 0. (fotaZ) *W jumla-t (pi. 
J** jumal). — (ocean) W^*N ***N 
al-ba^r al-muhit ; j+^\ al-ba^r 
(pi. jf*. bu^ur, jW bibar). — (con- 
tinent) j^\ al-barr (pi. ^ burur). 

Mainly, adj. t %£\± galiban ; "U^. 

Maintain, v. (preserve) la*, hafiz, 
yaljfaz ; y*/* $aras, yaljrus, yalj- 
ris. — (support) «t>^ qat, yaqut; 
Jtf kafal, yakful; q\* man, 
yamun. — (affirm) rf qarrar, yu- 
qarrir ; & akkad, yu'akkid ; 
o^ gabbat, yugabbit. 

Maintenance, s. «t>y> qut (pi. 
«^j_Jft aqwat) ; J*\-*+ ma'as ; 
Ia&+ ma'isa-t (pL <j**U* ma- 

'ayis*).— (defence) **W bimaya-t ; 

<ftiUy» muhafaza-t. 
Majestic, Majestical, s. s-*»^» 

&«a satrib haiba-t; JeW jalil 

(pi. M ajilla). 
Majesty, s. *«* haiba-t; *fj* 

sauka-t; #V jalala-t. — (tUU) 

S^ tadra-t; i»U- ea'ada-t ; 

&K jalala-t. 
Major, ooj. j*tf akbar, f. ^5^ 

kubra (pi. j£ kubar) ; r*\ aksar ; 

fiot\ a'zam, f. { j*b* 'uzma. 
Majoe, s. £k nazir (pi. ^ nuz- 

zar); jh **K* bik b&i (bim- 

baii, Turk.). 
Majority, s. (greater number) j£\ 

akgar. — (full age) <j-*j* eft 

bulug sar*i-y. 
Make, v. J«J fa'al, yaf 'al ; &~ 

sana', yasna*. — (form) £U |ag, 

Y^s.-^-(creaie) <J^ balaq, yah- 

luq ; \j bara, yabra. — (gain) v*-^ 

kasab, yaksib ; & rabih, yar- 

Make, Making, b. (form) &«-• 

siga-t ; is** sura-t (pi. jy suwar) ; 

JX* sakl (pi. J^ aikal, J/* 

^ukul). — (structure) v^/ tar- 

kib. — (workmanship) &*x* $an'a-t. 
Maker, s. (creator) j)U hallaq; 

jpU. haliq ; ^ bari. 
Mal-administration, b. j&±d\ p** 

'adam at-tadbir; fyJl\ p±* 'adam 

al-idarat ; &-W^ ^ 'adam as- 


Malady, b. u*y manujl (pi. u*V^ 
amra4) ; &* 'iUa-t (] " ** 

U da (pi. V^ adwa) 

> c ili 


Malcontent, aaj. <^> ^ gair 

ra^i ; ^^— «-• ^ gair mabsut- 
Male, ao!;., *. /*i zakar (pi. jj& 

zukur) ; /J^ muzakkar. 
Malediction, s. &**& la'na-t. 
Malefactor, b. s~*A* muznib; 

pj+" mujrim. 
Malevolence, b, 

(jj^ac 'udwan. 
Malevolent, adj. <<$** 'adawi-y. 
Malice, s. &^>± habaga-t; h^ 

Malicious, adj. <J& saqi-y (pi. 

SjW ( adawa-t; 

Digitized by 





\*&*\ asqiya); <£****» habis (pi. 
^ hubasa). 
Maliciousness, *. #V*a. habasa-t. 
Malign, Malignant, adj. j±e*t 
bagi4 ; 4»U Satfr (pi. j\U sut^ar) ; 
($Ua s^in; c)Uh>a saltan.— (in- 
fecting) <£>**" mu'di; ^^ sari. 
— (pernicious) u-j^*-* mank&s ; 
«*Ue* muhlik. 
Malign, v. ^ ^ namm 'ala, ya- 
numm; a**^ »>^- sawwad wajh- 
hu, yusawwid. 
Malignancy, Malignity, *. &*U* 
baga4a-t; &** bugda-t; S^ $ir- 
Mall, Mallet, s. jj^ midaqq, 
muduqq; &•** midaqqa-t (pi. 
j^ madaqq). 
Mall, t?. vy* 4arab, ya^rib; j*> 

daqq, yaduqq. 
Malleability, b. »>\^>)tt J*1»U 
qabiliyat al-imtidad (LWN a l- 
imbisat) ; &^ layana-t. 
Malleable, ad;. •*&♦* yamtadd 
(3 aor. viii.) ; k-^ yambasit 
(3 aor. vii.). 
Malpractice, e. &*»*i SjU 'ada-t 
qabiha-t ; fy*j radawa-t; »>V~J 
Malt, e. jt**A\ J^ sufl aS-sa'ir. 
Maltreat, v. ^ zalam, yazlim; 

^♦tt aza, yu'azi. 
Maltreatment, *. ^ zulm ; h*\ 

Malversation, 0. <^ gi$s; &l*s- 

hiyana-t; &«•> hila-t. 
Mammal, *. &uy» muratjda'a-i. 
Mammon, *. (riches) JU mal (pi. 
J\^ amwal) ; J^ gana ; trf 
Man, 0. (human being) q\~J\ insan 
(pi. u-^ nas) ; pS\ \#\ ibn adam 
(pL ^ bani). — (the human race) 
u*\&\ an-nas; y*~£\ al-basar. — 
(male) J*, rajiil (pi. JW) rijal) ; 
y mar (pi. mjV mar'ftn). — 
(person) J*i* sans (pi. ^^fcM 
aiha?) ; <j~« nafs (pi. u~i*\ 
anfus) ; /> nafar (pi. jW anfar). 
Man, v. J* J*1 £*j waxja* ahl fl f 
yaga' ; <j^* sa^an, yai^an. 

Manacle, 9. ±£ qaid (pi. •>«! 
quyud); J* gull (pi. jitf 
Manage, v. ^*> dabbar, yudabbir ; 
/At basar, yubaiir; gJU 'alaj, 
Manageable, adj. ^ yudabbar 
(3 aor. pass. 11.); aa^ yursad 
(3 aor. pass. iv.). 
Management, *. ;-*»*£ tadbir; 
Sy*W* muMsara-t; JUU* mu'a- 
Mandate, e. *»\ amr (pi. ^1 
awamir); f£*- hukm (pi. f^\ 
ahkam) ; *#oy wasiya-t (pi. V*Uj 
wasaya) ; &#*y tausiya-t. 
Mandatory, $. J«*j wakil (pL 3tf> 

Mandible, 0. &uU ma^iga-t ; «*U 

fakk (pi. 4\Zi\ afkak). 
Mane, *. /* sVr ; uys «urf ; &f+ 

ma'rafa-t ; £^\ zu'zu*. 
Manes, b. v*^3f ^ rub al-may- 

yit (pi. c^ arwah). 
Manful, adj. JW-; rajaU-y ; jj~* 

jasur; g^i saja*. 
Manfulne8s, Manliness, *. l^y 
muruwa-t; &f*) rujula-t; Qy+j 
Mange, e. v>j* jarab. 
Manger, e. ^^ mid wad (pi. j^jl* 
madawid) ; UL - U* ma'laf (pi. 
«J^W« ma'alif). 
Mangle, b. ^yU milzama-t. 
Mangle, v. (mutilate) £j>* jada', 
yajda* ; ^ 'awwar, yu'awwir. — 
(smooth) Ja* saqal, yasqul. 
Mangy, adj. ^Wj* jarban. 
Manhood, b. JW^ £*• mablag 

Mania, b. ^y^ junun ; J^s. bubl ; 
t>V^ hayajaii ; y*yfc hawas, 
Maniac, b., Maniacal, adj. gyt** 
mainun (pi. y** W* majanin) ; 
yfi~* maskun. 
Manifest, adj. y&Vk gahir; ^-a^ 
wadih ; &<* bayyin ; ^ bayin ; 
&y sarih. 
Manifest, v.j&\ azhar, yughir; 
&d bayyau, yubayyin ; ^ wa4- 


Digitized by 





dah, yuwaddih ; £-*y audah, yu- 

Manifestation, b. j\$\ izhar;jj«k 
zuhur; c^ idah. 

Manifold, adj. *~&xsk+ muhtalif; 
f\Ss+ mutakagir; JK*t " JtfM 
aikal aikal. 

Manipulate, v. gJXc 'alaj, yu'alij. 

Manipulation, b. l+}\** mu'ala- 

Mankind, $. jh\ ^ bani adam ; 
u*UN an-nas ; ^L- i!N al-insan. 

Manna, b. ^ mann ; (^a^r/ taran- 

Manner, b. (method) J£* 6akl (pi. 
JKaI aikal); v>jU uslub; otf 
zai-y ; <Ji> tariq (pi. j> turuq) ; 
W namat (pi. 1»W nimat). — 
(fcmd") gy nau* (pi. gtyt anwa') ; 
UU-o ganf (pi. «-*Uo^ asnaf). — 
(custom) 80U ada-t (pi. *y* 
'away id). 

Mannerly, od;. s^y* mu'addab; 
♦^ s-^U sahib aaab (pi. v>W*^ 

Manners, b. {behaviour) **ljJL 
suliik; « *1 I - * * maslak; *£-*<- 
sira-t; j)M ahlaq ; J\j*« min- 
wal. — (good breeding) s^ adab 
(pi. v>M &dab) ; udtf takalluf. 

Manor, b.j** qasr (pl.^j-i queiir). 

Mansion, s. «>** bait (pi. «^^ 
buyftt; ^*> dar (pl.;W diyar,«J 
duwar) ; J)** manzil (pi. JjCC* 
manazil); (^— • maskan (pi. 
fcjA— * masakin). 

Manslaughter, *. J*S qatl. 

Manslayer, *. Jte qatil (pi. JVrf 

Mantle, b. cr*y burnus (pi. u^V 
baranis) ; (i-^» maila^ (pi. ^U^ 
ma&ilik) ; W* 'aba (pi. ^^ 

Manual, adj. ^a* yadi-y. 

Manual, a. s^ kitab (pi. s-**£ 

Manufactory, s. M*~ ma'mal 
(pi. J*U* ma'amil); <ttUy kar- 
hana-h (tt^tf karhana-h, Pera.). 

Manufacture, «. *-*ju» san'a-t; 
d^yA^U manifattura-h. 

Manufacture, v. J ♦ r *amil, 
ya'mal ; £** sana', yasna'. 

Manufacturer, 0. £$U sani'; 
ajU.^ s^U sahib karhana-h (pi. 
vvl ashab). 

Manumission, b. jlU itlaq; jVs^ 
i'taq ; J*** 'ataq. 

Manumit, t?. i&>\ aflaq, yutliq ; 
<3*^ a'taq, yu'tiq; ^ harrar, 

Manure, b. Jy zibl ; ^W) zabala-t. 

Manure, v. J»j zabbal, yuzabbil ; 
Jyt azbal, yuzbil. 

Manuscript, b. *ab~J nusha-t (pi. 
£~i nusah) ; L*> i^As* kitab haft ; 
Jk*N l*s* ha« al-yad. 

Many, ad;. p& kasir ; y^ wafir. — 
(how many) ^ kam ; «^« ^ 
kam wahid. — («o many) jW \Ju^ 
haza - '1 - qadr ; jJ^Ub balqadar ; 
a«U halqadd. — (as many as) *& 
qadd; J*^ misl. — (twice as 
many) &£f ^ qadr-hu mar- 
raten; *-i** dif (pi. <-t\**\ ad'af). 

Map, 8. J%$\ (*~\ to* waraqat rasm 
al-balad ; ij&f qutas (pi. \j~JAf 
qaratis); & ; ^ harita-t. 

Map, v. (*~j rasani, yarsum. 

Maple-tree, b. \y**y* jurmasaq. 

Mar, v. A-i^ afsad, yufsid; ^ 
kaddar, yukaddir; Ja** naggaa, 

Marble, b. yy marmar ; f>^ 

Marble, adj. <j,yy marmari-y; 
i^^j ruhami-y. 

March, *. (month) j\*\ adar. — 
(progression) y**+ mas(i; ^ 
mail ; j*~ sair, ser ; 8^— • masi- 

March, v. (move by steps) ^a* 
ma£a, yam^i; ^L. sar, yasir. — 
(border on) v> J-»^ ittasal bi, 
yattasil ; ^\5 taham, yutahim. 

Marches, b. (boundaries) ^.x-*. 
hudud (pi. of J^ hadd) ; ^ 
tuhiim (pi. of f& tuhm) ; f*+ 
maggar (pi. yU^ magasir). 

Mare, s. ^-y faras; &-y farasa-t 
(P 1 - u-^y furus, ^-^ af ras). 

Margin, s. ^W ^aiiya-t (pi. ^V 

Digitized by 





hawaii); u^ taraf (pi. a\JL\ 

Maeine, adj. <£f*\ bahri-y. 
Marine, 8. (sea-soldier) <^f*. ^^-^ 

'askari bahri. — (navy) &e>y nau- 

tiya-t, nutiya-t. 
Mariner, s. ^$f^ m baljri-y (pi. hf*. 

ba^riya-t) ; J>f nauti-y, nuti-y 

(pi. ^y nawati-y) ; c^ - nial- 

Marital, adj. i j^) zauji-y ; ^nj 

ziji-y ; <jrjy tazwiji-y. 
Maritime, adj. ^$f=\ bahri-y. — 

(bordering on the sea) y**$\ J-a** 

mutta$il al-bahr. 
Marjoram, s. ^yr\ anjuk. 
Mark, *. (sign) y\ agar (pi. ffi 

afar); Me 'alama^t (pi. fto 

'alam, p»%* 'alayim). — (aim) 

^U^i ni&Ln (pi. (^W nayaiin). 
Mark, v. (make a mark or im- 
pression) <JLc ^lc <allam 'ala, yu- 

'allim; ^ f\ assar fi, yu'asgir; 

f»~j rasam, yarsum ; ^— j wasam, 

yasim. — (note) 1*^ lahag, yula- 

fciz; ijb J* nazar ila, yanzur; 

jl £&!» tatalla* ila, yata^alla'. 
Market, s. (place) jj- sauq (pi. 

s3\f*\ aswaq). — (vaulted) jty 

bazar (Pers.). — (hall) kj^~e* 

qaisariya-t. — (sale) *«*• mabi*. 
Market, v. <>sf*\ y & ba* wa ii- 

tara, yabi' wa ya^tari ; f^s tajar, 

Marketable, adj. ^ A^le <alai-hi 

Marksman, s. «^fVa*$ niSanji. 
Marl, s. &£> tin. 
Masmelade, *. ^y murabba. 
Marquee, *. y\y° sawan (pi. &p>\ 

aswina-t) ; &•**• haima-t (pi. f\*&- 

Marriage, s. $\j>) ziwaj ; &r m ) zija-t ; 

C^ nikkh.— (demand in marriage) 

s-J^ hatab, yahtub. 
Marriageable, adj. ^ Mlig, f. 

£ -a-t ; fy)\ azwaj. 
Marriage- feast, s. <j*f- 'urs (pi. 

ij*\f\ a'ras) ; tj* f arah (pi. cV* 

Marrow, s. £* muhh (pi. fcU>* 

mihah). — (of the spine) g^ 

Marry, v. (take in marriage) trf 

tazawwaj, yatazawwaj ; J**\J ta- 

'ahhal, yata'ahhal. — (give in 

marriage) gjj zawwaj, yuzawwij. 
Mars, s. (planet) &y mirrih, mar- 

Marsh, s. &sb-~ sabha-t. 
Marshal, s. j£~* y sir 'askar 

Marshal, v. (J* nazzam, yunag- 

gini ; cA* §aff , ya§uff ; <*M* 

§affaf , yu^affif . 
Mart, s. ju~ sauq (pi. jV^ 

aswaq) ; ^jW bazar. 
Martial, adj. (referring to war) 

ijtf- harbi-y. — (brave) £V» 3uja* ; 

$*A gaji'*(pl. o^^Ai Suj'an); 

^W )** zu bas. 
Martin, s. (stoallow) *J^ huftaf 

(pi. cA*UU. ha^atif) ; *J^ hu- 

taif (dimin.) ; y^- sununu (pi. 

c^yyu. sun&nuwat). 
Martingale, s. &+tj* sarima-t. 
Martyr, s. ^^» 6ahid (pi. *>^» 

suhud) ; *V** ^ahid (pi. ^J^ 

Martyr, v. J^e*» *^ qatal-hu 

^ahid, yaqtal. 
Martyrdom, s. SjI$* ^ahada-t. 
Marvel, s. &**** 'ajiba-t (pi. 

s-^Wc 'ajayib) ; **^>* 4 ujuba-t 

(pi. s-^j^^ a'ajib). 
Marvel, v. ^ s-^» ta'ajjab min, 

yata'aj jab ; s^ ^<7 , ^ ista'jab, 

Marvellous, adj. s-^^» 'ajib; 

*j* garib ; g2»M bad!'. 

Masculine, adj. jti zakar (pi. ^ 
zukiir) ; ^^ zakari-y. — (in 
grammar) f±* muzakkar. 

Mash, *. (mixture) W*. hilt (pi. 
LU\ ahlat). 

Mash, v. (mix) U*- halat, yahlut. — 
(crush) <a^*> dahak, yadhak ; j»> 
daqq, yaduqq. 

Mask, s. 8/b-^ mashara-t ; ^ 
Sj^~* wajh mashara-t. — (pre- 
tence) &**■ hila-t; ^^ hujjat 

Digitized by 





(pi. e*»- hujaj) ; &e 'illa-t (pi. 


Mask, v. ^fe— ^ mashar, yumashir ; 

j-»£— tf tanakkar, yatanakkar. — 

(conceal) (+& katam, yaktum; 

tjte^ ahfa, yuhfl. 
Mason, *. W banna (pi. e>*>W 

baunayin) ; jUc 'ammar ; ^^W** 

Masonry, s. £*W binaya-t. 
Masquerade, *. %f&~* mashara-t. 
Mass, 8. (bulk) p~+ jisni ; gU—* 

jusman. — (quantity) fy£ kagra-t ; 

j\*&* miqdar (pi. fl*\&+ maqadir). 

— (heap) &•/ kuma-t (pi. +\£\ 

akwam, *£ kuwain) ; +<£ kum 

(pi. <£+*£ kiman) ; v*)*? kurdus. 

— (church service) y-W quddas 

(pi. cri^J^ qadadis). 
Mass, v. £♦*- jamma', yujammi' ; 

pf kawwam, yukawwim; <j**>j£ 

kardas, yukardis. — (say mass) 

u*^ qaddas, yuqaddis. 
Massacre, *. JjS qatl ; &&• maq- 

tala-t ; g± zabh ; &i\& nikaya-t. 
Massacre, v. J-tf qatal, yaqtul; 

£*«& zabah, yazbifc; zabbah, yu- 

zabbih; *-&- 6 ~ A \ *e*i JA* bazal 

fi-him as-saif, yaozil. 
Massive, adj. ^o\ asamm, f. U-o 

eamma (pi. p* eumm, ^U-» eum- 

nian) ; «-Ae*j rasif . 
Mast, s. ^U sari (pi. ^r* ?*" 

Master, *. (ford) s-»A* sahib (pi. 

vW ashab) ; s^ rabb (pi. 

v»W arbab) ; ^Jy mania (pi. 

o-tty* mawali) ; *sLJU matik 

(pi. **JjM umliik). — (skilful in 

anything) j *A * mahir; *>\ju^ 

ustad. — (teacher) fi»* mu'allim. 

— (mister, sir) *>*- sayyid, sid 

(pi. *>W-^ asyad, «yWL. sadat) ; 

<My** hawaja-h (Pers.); <j±**\ 

afandi (2W&.). 
Master, v. (subdue) s-l£ galab, 

yaglib ; j& qahar, yaqhar ; g*i 

qama', yaqma'; <*)U5 tamallak, 

yatamallak. — (acquire or possess 

skill) ,»!*; ta'allam, yata'allam; 

#* mahar, yamhir; fl*5 tamah- 

har, yatamahhar (the last two 
with <j* ft). 

Masterly, adv. fyUa&i bi-satara-t. 

Mastership, 8. &*U** mu'allimi- 
ya-t. — (dominion) 1+^** buku- 
ma-t; aL l»? tamalluk; laJuJ 

Mastery, *. (superiority) J^ facjl 
(pi. J^ fudul, JUrt afdal). 

Mastic, s. ^**» mastaka; «*Uc 
'ilk ; l&* «ilka-t (pi. djb 'uluk). 

Masticate, v. «eXlc 'alak, ya'lak; 
£*• macjag, yam^ag; &$ lak, 

Mastication, s. fry ma4g; «*Ue 

Mastiff, *. **** s-J^ kalb kabir (pi. 
v>K kilab). 

Mat, s. y~*>~ basil*; S^^. hasira-t 
(pi. ,~ tuer, ^U- tasayir) ; JtjW 
bariya-t (pi. ^^ bawart) ; ^i 
nahh (pi. fcM anhah). 

Mat, v. (waA^ wiate) ^*- J^c ( amil 
liusr, ya'mal. — (furnish with 
mats) C^y farai, yafru^ ; farrai, 
yufarris* ; j** ji gatta bi-ljusr, 

Match, s. (of a gun) &*** £atila-t 
(pi. J*V*i fatayil).— (tipped with 
sulphur, &c.) is^t^ *)* 'aud 
kibrit; «w^ kibrit, is^kibri- 
ta-t ; U> naf t. — (equal) &f 
qarin (pi. U^l qurana) ; JU* 
migal (pi. ^.^ amsila-t); Jft* 
musl, musuL — (fellow) fyj zauj ; 
V fard (pi. *\jk firad).— (confer 
tw a ^a?7i€) i^J la'ba-t, lu'ba-t ; 
&*Va* muqabala-t. — (union by 
marriage) c^j ziwaj ; ^3 zija-t. 

Match, v.a. (oppose) J*tf o^abil, 
yuqabil. — (pair) $$ zawwaj, yu- 
zawwij ; n. (6e cgrtuiZ) (^U qaran, 
ynqarin; 5^3 zawij, yuzawij ; 
^Vo. haza, yut&zi.— («4^) ,3*^ 
waiiq, yuwafiq. 

Matchless, adj. JU»N ^ac 'adioo. 
al-migal (mital) ; ^ iJ U m & 
la-hu nagir; a] ^tf S la §ani 
(tani) la-hu. 

Mate, 8. (companion) ij^j rafiq 
(pi. jV*^ arfaq, Uu^ rufaqa) ; 

Digitized by 



s~ftA* fafcib (pl- s^Wol aekab). — 

(male and female) Cj) zauj, f. 

a«^ zauja-t (pi. g^ azwaj, ^-^ 

ziwaja-t). — (of a ship) v«*^ ^J^ 

mudabbir al-markab. — (in chess) 

«>U «U £ah mat. 
Mate, v.a. e^j zawwaj, yuzawwij ; 

n. gjy tazawwaj, yatazawwaj. 
Material, adj. (consisting of 

matter) ^ye* hayuli-y ; <J*ye* 

hayulitni-v ; <3*>L^ maddi-y ; 

^U-*. jismani-y. — (essential) 

^U zati-y ; <jU a?li-y ; ^^ 

4ururi-y; pfl lazim; pf+ mu- 

Material, s. (stuff) J^Ui qamai. 

— (matter) SoU madda-t (pi. *>\j* 

mawadd) ; s-**— sabab (pi. s-»W-^ 

Materialist, s. ^^ «-*j-As* 

failasuf tabi'i-y. 
Materiality, 0. £*»>U maddiya-t ; 

^W jismaniya-t. 
Maternal, adj. <j»\ ummi-y. 
Maternity, s. l~y\ um^ma-t ; 

&#A ummiya-t. 
Mathematical, adj. ^kj riya<Ji-y ; 

,j+eto ta'limi-y. 
Mathematician, s. wwW^W ^ 

'alim bi - *r - riyaoaya-t ; *JVa 

«>W«^ 'alim bi-'t-ta'limiyat. 
Mathematics, s. w^*}\ ^ 'ilm 

ar-riya^iyat ; ^J*^1 ff*&\ al- 

< ulum at-ta c Mmiya-t. 
Matricide, s. (act) f$\ Jtf qatl 

al-umm. — (who commits it) J?^ 

fl\ qatil al-umm. 
Matriculate, 0. f*<A\ ^ <*£ qay- 

yad fi-'d-daftar, yuqayyid. 
Matriculation, s. *&& taojid. 
Matrimonial, adj. <^*y ziji-y; 

^j) zauji-y ; <jrjy tazwiji-y. 
Matrimony, s. t\j>3 ziwaj ; &rj 

zija-t ; g^y tazawwuj ; c^ nikah. 
Matrix, 0. (womb) p+j rahim (pi. 

pW arhain). — (woitW) O^* 

qalib (pi. s~tt;5 qawalib). 
Matron, 0. (respectable woman) 

Vf\** hatun (pi. {&6>\f- hawatin). 

— (nurse) &***\ amina-t. 
Matter, s. (substance) ±Jye* bi- 

287 [May 

yula; **>U] madda-t (pi. *\y 
mawadd) ; jby* jauhar (pi. y*\j*- 
jawahir) ; (+~+ jism (pi. ft-4^ 
ajsam, fj~* jusiim). — (subject) 
£*>U madda-t ; #*L^» mas'ala-t 
(pL Jft~* masayil) ; fl^a* maqu- 
la-t. — (affair) y\ amr (pi. ;*M 
umur); **W baja-t (pi. &\f 
hawayij) ; l*& qa4iya-t (pi. ^US 
qa^aya). — (matter of fact) J^ 
hal (pi. A\^\ ahwal).— (import- 
ance) J* giql; fSc 'ugm. — 
(pus) eei qaih (pi. cja* quyufc) ; 
•>*a-» ?adid (pi. ojuo fudud). 

Matter, v. (6e of importance) (M 
'azum, ya'zum. — (it matters not) 
y-W^ ma fi-hi Ms.— (toAa* 
3oe* it matter?) 0fr m (J*\ e& 

Mattock, s. £f* mi'wal (pi. JjU* 
ma'awil) ; ^J** ma'dur). 

Mattress, s. ^ farsa-t (pi. v>^* 
furus) ; MjL tarra^a-t (small 
one) ; £*3y» martaba-t (pi. s-J>V* 

Mature, adj. <£f~+ mustawi ; g^Vj 
yani* (pi. 5^ yana') ; g-fcU na^ij. 
— (mature in years) {$~A\ ^ ^VL 
ta'in fi-'s-sinn. 

Maturity, s. \f-\ istiwa. — (pu- 
berty) <j)-J\ g^ balag as-sinn; 
tf* bulug; ^1| bulugiya-t. — 
(maturity of judgment) j£i\ JU^ 
kamal al-'aql. 

Mausoleum, s. &*^ rauda-t (pi. 
u*^ riid); 8^ maqbara-t (pi. 
j|Va* maqabir); j\y* mazar; ^ 
qubba-t (pi. v»W* qibab). 

Maw, t. (stomach) S.*** mi'da-t (pi. 
^•^ mi'ad); &of* tau§ala-t (pi. 
J*^ tawafil). 

Maxim, s. Sj^U qa'ida-t (pi. *xc^ 
qawa'id) ; (jWU qanun (pi. (^V 
qawanin) ; £f U 4abita-t. 

Maximum, 0. s-J^^^ al-aglab ; ^^ 

May, *.^ ayyar. 

May, v. genemlly expressed by the 
aor. of a verb; in formulas of 
invocation for good or evil, as 

Digitized by 




Ms**- ^r/i v*-^» -til* ii. 7«- 


— <S-d; 


•;*^t.j»>» 5a*? :/ * - ^ 3i» 

jyf-**a «. £* V.T: J— *& w*V* 
jCe-.wnr, i. t** T&T zL £%* 

a.;u<- ^ aazL_— >>;-* ^«- 

Jf**f*, *. ( f//%r) g*m± tah ; n- — 
('saw*) £**» hiskai. — <ji*e) 
,>*** da/j>; ; l+*+£ kaH-iJA-t- — 
(report; & akla~t ; *-** giza, 
jri /ji ; I*a* gadwa-t ; (•*«£* taim ; 

Mkay, adj. (U/v) j** haqir; ^*> 

d*uUy ; ^ ' j * hand (pL ^t— ** 
J)i*aa,' u*^ ahi&sa; ; J~> zalii (pL 
J3*> zjJaI, £i1 azilia-t) ; <*«*• 
mabio (&L ^** mahana'). — 
(ttiwjy) Ja^. babil (pL 1*: bu- 

*i^>;, f, *»rW> &hiba-t (pL 
HW* <al)ajil>). — (middling) 
\Lf+ routawawH ; J***** muta- 

Mkay, j. (middle) k-> wast; J 1 ^^ 
wun^a. — (mediocrity) &Uj wasa- 
ta-t ; Jt JOfi^ i'tidal. 

Meaiv, t?. (intend) *** qa«ad, yaqsid ; 
xJi ta/jan«a/l, jataqassad; ^ 
ara/1, yurWl. — (signify) {mS ^ 'ana, 
ya'nl ; ^y*^ a'na, yu'ni. 

^u-iiifc-^ zi- ^": 

"-' * ^r jmm atna jL _ 

r-" . in* rirtfirn 7 : «f b-chL 


nwm J"*-* mil 

Mu^raj. *. €sz?nz «*• qadar; 
*-!*• aLJi'Lir zl jt **~ nn4*»fir). 

i—r^ iZJTcfik^ : J^ kail (pi. 
^•-** iir? i_ : -<-* "tTar. — i rmrfm- 
■^t j ,-■«*• ai3:jri5 ; J^* mik- 
yil rL J*i^ makayil). — 
71 -• r¥ <^? wain (jpL c?^3)' 
azLiiz. : ^*>s* Tr ; ran (jiL e^j^y* 
E*witii: . — ipL ^roc«rf*»^t) 

Mxxsrxx, r. i^*^:*, <*r.) ^Vi qis, 

raqis : £\* *irar. ra^iyir. — (com, 

A:.. J^ kiL yakiL 
Mkasxt&kmest. jl g-W* qiyas; 

ic^i— • m^saba-t ; i^v««* mu'aya- 

Mkat, jl (/"bod t» general) JA akl ; 
* ta'im (pi. ini»\ a^ma-t, 
ta^amat) ; «>j» qut. — 

(Jeek) f»J labm (pL r> J 

Mechanic, j. *s>33^ h-«^ ^ (J\* 

A alim fi tarkib al-alat; «*i\ #U 

^ani 4 alat. 
Mechanics, «. «>33^ *»j«^ ma'rifat 

al-alat ; &M\ s-^/ ^Jc 'ilm tar- 
kib al-alat; JeJ^ ^ 'ilm al- 

Mschakism, $. 8\ s-^> tarkib 

Medal, *. *^- sikka-t (pi. **X£- 

sikak) ; A»y quna-t (pi. gjl qu- 


Digitized by 




Meddle, v. J^W tadahal, yatada- 

hal ; <J>fS ta'arrad, yata'arrad. 
Meddler, s. J*^»> dahil (pi. IUj 

duhala); Jy* fud&li-y. 
Meddlesome, adi. J*-^ mudahil. 
Meddling, s. fl±W mudahala-t. 
Mediate, v. i*-y tawassat, yata- 

wassat ; ^-V tawasat, yatawasat ; 

^ J*.o dahal ben, yadhul. 
Mediate, adj. \**f* rau tawassat. 
Mediation, b. &>-.\j* muwasata-t; 

&>Uj wisa^a-t ; SjfcW* inubaiara-t ; 

*cU* sifa'a-t. 
Mediator, s. W-j wasit (pi. U*-j 

wusata) ; la-\fS* mutawasit ; £*** 

safi' (pi. Uaa sufe'a). 
Medical, (w?;. <j*i» tibbi-y, tubbi-y ; 

^o dawayi-y. 
Medicament, Medicine, *. \** 

dawa (pi. k)*\ adwiya-t) ; e&e 

'ilaj ; s-J» t^bb, tubb ; %* sar- 

ba-t (pi. s^* snub). 
Medicinal, ad/. ^^ tibbi-y, tub- 

Mediocre, adj. v^^j wastani-y. 
Mediocrity, s. &\~) was&ta-t. 
Meditate, v. %&» tafakkar, yata- 

fakkar; J* « ta'ammal, yata- 

'ammal (both with ^ fi). 
Meditation, s.j&s tafakkur ; J**l? 

Medium, s. ^ wast ; J*"* wusta. 
Medlar, s. &♦■■■ * >* mismila-t ; c^* 

^ tufah bani-y ; *«U* nulk. 
Medley, s. ULs. halt (pi. WW 

ahlat); Wu*\ ihtUat ; e*)*^ im- 

Medley, ad/\ LjUs* mahlut. 
Meed, *. V^ jaza ; <A>ty^* mujazat ; 

u*ViV£* mukafat. 
Meek, ooy. ^J^- halim (pi. Ul^ 

hulama, f&+\ ahlam) ; 5>*>j wadi*. 
Meekness, 8. ^ trilm ; M»>j wa- 

Meet, 007. <J*V* niuwafiq ; s-*-^ 

munasib ; <jt) layiq. 
Meet, v.a. ^ laqa, yalqa; ^yS 

laqa, yulaqi ; «^»>V* sadaf , yuaa- 

dif; •*»-; wajad, yajid; n. ^asN 

iltaqa, yaltaqi ; g***^ ijtama', 


Meeting, *. (eraotmfer) &»>U* mu- 
gadafa-t ; UxN iltiqa. — (interview) 
J*j wasl ; J4A saml. — (assembly) 
&W jama'a-t ; £ ^**^ ijtima' ; 
g »^« majma' (pi. g*W* niaja- 
mi 1 ) ; crW* inajlis (pi. <j~1W* 
majalis) ; JW« niahfal (pi. J*V*** 

Melancholic, ad/. *.$jWj- sauda- 
wi-y ; (#)^ hazin ; jj£* mukad- 
dar ; M^ jawwag. 

Melancholy, *. Uj- sauda ; ^y^ 
jawaza-t ; Z^figA" milanholiya-t. 

Mellifluous, adj. J-*- mu'assal ; 
J-U 'asil. 

Mellow, adj. (ripe) <sf*~" mus- 
tawa. — (soft) 0J layyin; f^i 
na4m ; ^ rahii ; ^ ^ari-y. 

Mellowness, s. \f-\ istiwa ; S^ 
rahawa-t; l*f* nu'iima-t; S^ 

Melodious, adj. { j^» ^aji-y ; sr*^ 

Melodiousness, *. pto h^ 'azft- 

^V*« , 

0— e. 


bat nagam ; 

Melody, a. &*** nagama-t; h^ 
sinaya-t ; &"ff tarnuma-t. 

Melon, *. £& bittih t battih ; ^W 
bittiha-t (pi. ^XVL> batatih).— 
(water-melon) <j~** jabas. 

Melt, v.a. v*^ zawwab, yuzawwib ; 
^>\S\ azab, yuzib. — (metals) *«X<— 
sabak, yasbuk. — (fat) ^*- say- 
yah, vusay vih ; x- sala, yasla ; 
n. v>^ zafe, vazub ; s-^-^\ in- 
kasab, yankasib ; c^- sah, yasih. 

Meltino, *. s-^^ tazwib; ^^ 
zawaban ; *«X<-» sabk ; < g^ . . »~J tas- 
bik; tfJ^— s\ insibak; (^W^ sa- 

Member, s. (limb) y& 'adu (pi. 
\**\ a'da); ^W jarilialt (pi. 
Ci^ jawarih). — (0/ an assembly) 
l $*\ ahl ; w— ^ §ahib ; /*^- hadir. 

Membrane, s. \&& giik ; SjU»fe gisa- 
wa-t (pi. &~&&\ ag^iya-t). 

Membraneous, adj. ^i^fe gisayi-y. 

Memento, s. Ij&s tafkira-t; j^i* 

Memoir, s. SyjJ tazkara-t. 

Digitized by 





Memorable, adj. j&t yuzkar (3 
aor. pass.) ; /att s-^ wajib az- 

Memoeaitoum, 8. S^Jj tazkira-t 

MEMORANDUM-BOOK, 8. &jJk& taf- 

Mbmoeial, 8.sp*~f\ asar maShur 
(pi. Ijpt* f\ &§ar mashura-t). — 
(solicitation) JW ^^ « a rd \k\; 
to) ruq'a-t (pi. fti, riqa'). ' 
Memorialise, t?. <j*jc 'arrad, yu- 

Memorialist, 0. JOt <>/* s^A* 
sahib 'ard al-fcal (pi. ^>W>t 
asfcab); to, s-^U gafcib ru- 
Memoey, s. {faculty) fcfe> hif z ; to 
i*«*N quwwat al-hif 2 ; &i\<J\ Syft 
al-quwwat al-^afija-t. — (remem- 
brance) j& zikr; &j£\&+ muza- 
kara-t ; /& tazakkur. 
Menace, 8. <**$ tahdid; *>Jk«? ta- 

haddud ; w-*as? tarhib. 
Menace, v. *>J*> naddad, yuhaddid ; 
<><*& tahaddad, yatahaddad ; *->f* 
hawwaf , yuhawwif . 
Mend, v.a. (improve) ^1* sallah, 
yusallih ; gUt aslah, yuslii ; ^Jo 
sah^ah, y usahhik.— (repair) ^ 
ramm, yarumm; ^»j ramram, 
yuramrim ; n. fcU? tasallat, ya- 
Mendacious, adj. ^MS kazzab; 

*-r>)& kazub ; t)W* mayyan. 
Mendacity, a. **>S& takazzub. 
Mendicant, a. yu faqir"(pl. \& 
fuqara); *>UA safchad ; Jft~ 
Mendicity, 8. SoV*a safcada-t ; Jj-J 

Menial, adj., 8. f*>\±- hadim (pi. 
p\j&- huddam) ; ^j^Jf^N s^—^ 
mansub ila - '1 - huddam) ; <jM 
Menses, 8. y^ ^ai<J; j±e «uzr; 
«^*J» tims ; L-a3\ «wUU «adat an- 
nisa. — (Aave toe menses) «~*W 
had at, tahid. 
Mensurable, adj. <j*^t yuqas ; J^ 
yukal (3 aor. pass.). 

Mensuration, $. i*X~* masiha-t 
Mental, adj. J** «aqli-y; ^ 

qalbi-y ; 15;*** damiri-y. 
Mention, a. y& zikr. 
Mention,- v. /«* zakar, yazkur; 
5jft v»W jab zikr-hu, yajib"; ^ 
i$* kana 'an, yakni. 
Mercantile, adj. <4>V tujari-y ; 
i5j**» matjari-y ; ^cUf ba^af-y. 
Mercer, a. e^ banri-y ; j>\f» £W 

bayya' karayir. 
Merchandise, s. M* bida'a-t (pL 
©>U| badayi') ; l^ ' tijaia-t ; 
j+*» matjar (pi. j*A&« matajir); 
W- sil'a-t (pi. ^U sila'). 
Merchant, $. *X? tajir (pi. %W* 

tujjar) ; #* bayya* ; \p sarra. 
Merciful, ad/\ (compassionate) 
(**»j ratlin ; ^.j rahurn ; ^U^ 
ragman ; jyt* safiiq ; ^ja*-* mu$- 
fiq. — (willing to pardon) j^kfc 
gafur (pi ykfc gufur). 
Mercifulness, $. t+*y marha- 

ma-t, <fcc. See Mercy. 
Merciless, adj. &•*») dJ U m4 la-hu 
rafema-t; <3^ ^ gair safiq; 
<j-Vs qasi. 
Mercilessness, «. SjUJ qasawa-t. 
Mercurial, adj. (containing mer- 
cury) { J**i) zibaqi-y, zaibaqi-y. — 
(sprightly) !**«* naiit. 
Mercury, s. (metal) OMj zibaq, 
zaibaq ; j\j-i firar, farar. — 
(planet) *>flaz 'a^arid (also used 
for the metal). 
Mercy, s. (compassion) &++j rah- 
ma-t; ^**^ marhama-t; &&*> 
^afaqa-t. — (pardon) 8^uu mag- 
fira-t; (^yfc gufran; /c «afu ; 
cU— samah. — (power) ^ qadr; 
•** yad. 
Mere, adj., Merely, adv. t*ft fa- 
qa{ (placed at the end of a sen- 
Meretricious, adj. %*U ( ahir; 
«>-U fasiq ; J*M fttp&.— (gaudy) 
*->?»y muzahrif . 
Merge, v.n. jjt gariq, yagraq; 
v3j*» tagarraq, yatagarraq ; y-Lfc 
gatas, yagtis ; a. j/ garraq, yu- 
garriq ; ijJot gaftas, yugattifl. 

Digitized by 





Meridian, 8. j\q£\ 

Meridional, adj. (southern) tjty*+ 

janubi-v ; ^J** qibli-y. 
Merit, s. J* fadl (pi. J^ fudiul, 

JUrt afcjal); S*+*~\ istihqaq; 
o^^*i-\ isti'dad ; &c^ bari 4 a-t. — 

(reward) v>V gawab; y*\ ajr; 

«y Vil£* mukaf A t. — ( punishment) 

^Ui qieas ; \y* jaza. 
Merit, v. (reward) <3*£~\ ista- 

haqq, yastahiqq. — (punishment) 

s + j x.«\ istaujab, yastaujib. — 

(either) J**U^ ista'hal, vas- 

Meritorious, adj. JiiW»«l istih- 

qaqi-y ; <j\f gawabi-y ; £ ; W bari*. 
Mermaid, «.^*tt vs^j bint al-ba^r 

(pi. v*>W ban at). 
Merriment, Merriness, s. t^ 

f arah ; s^ tarab ; j^— sarur. 
Merry, act/', ^r-* masrur; gW^ 

farhan; s^ {arib. 
Mesh, s. ^^ 'ain (pi. yye* 'uyun) ; 

Sj^ gurza-t (pi. jjfc guraz). 
Mess, s. (dish) fUL {a'ani (pi. U*L\ 

afima-t, v&>U^L-*L {a'amat). — 

(mixed mass) lot* Us. halt maty. 
Message, s. &\~j risala-t (pL Jil-j 

rasayil) ; ^ habar (pi. y*M 

ahbar) ; fyU* ba4ara-t. 
Messenger, s. Jj-j rasul (pi. J~j 

rusul) ; JL.y» mirsal (pi. J*-\^ 

maraeil); a*Vs qasid (pi. *>US 

qussad); ^ barid (pi. *y 

burud) ; -A** muba^sir ; ^*ft* 

basir (pi. yu* busara'). 
Messiah, s. £*~*H al-masifc. 
Metal, s. ^j** ma'din (pi. ^jU* 

Metallic, adj. <j*J** ma'dini-y ; 

O^*^ ($* min ma'din. 
Metallurgist, a. (^U*^ ^Sb 

'alim bi-'l-ma'adin. 
Metallurgy, s. qoU+H ^le 41m al- 

Metamorphosis, s. *>r&&\ inqilab ; 

s-to taqallub; J*/* taijwil ; 

£~U? tanasuh. 
Metaphor, a. S;U*-\ isti'ara-t ; k^ 
kinaya-t j j V* majaz. 

i^ haft nisf I Metaphorical, adj. v^W* maja 

zi-J ; v.^^*-^ isti'an-y ; j 

Metaphysics, s. f$&\ ^lc 'ilm al- 

kalam; ****U\ jy U ^lc <ilni 

ma fauq at-$abi'a-t ; cwSybuH ^le 

*ilm al-ma'qulat. 
Mete, v. <j*\* qas, yaqia ; Jtf kal, 

yakil; jUfl jktal, yaktal. 
Metempsychosis, a. j*+s taqam- 

Meteor, s. v»W*» iihab (pL 

suhub, oU^eAi suhban, 

Meter, s. <j*W* qiyas ; y*W** miq- 

Methinks, v. J (^Wi yaban li; 

i^\ agunn ; s-^-*-\ ahsib. 
Method, s. &** manhaj (pi. g*^ 

nianahij) ; ^^ {ariqa-t (pi. jfe^ 

tarayiq) ; fccti qa*ida-t (pi. J^^ 

qawa 4 id) ; v»/-\ uslub (pi. v^U 

Methodical, adj. s-^/» murattab ; 

f b **+ muntazim ; s^^-^ s-^-^* 

sa^ib uslub; (&* s-^^> ?ahib 

nizam (pi. v>W«^ ashab). 
Methodise, v. s-**) rattab, yurat- 

tib ; fte nazam, yanzim ; naz- 

zam, yunazzim. 
Metre, s. q% wazn (pi. ^^ 

auzan) ; y\yt" mizan (pi. ^j^ 

Metrical, adj. ff** manzum ; 

Q))y mauzun. 
Metropolis, s. l*j£+)\ u-/ kursi-y 

al-hukuma-t j ^ULJ\ j\j dar as- 

sal^ana-t. — (applied to Mekka) 

i$j&\ f\ umm al-qura. 
Metropolitan, s. q\J*" mitran, 

ma^ran (pi. &jUa* matarina-t, 

^VU» matarin). 
Mettle, s. <**» ^add (pi. *y*» 

tudiid) ; tyf* fcarara-t ; l>± sid- 

da-tj &*fc himma-t; 5j«* gira-t 

Mettled, Mettlesome, s. ^a ^ 

zii himuia-t ; j«j^ ljadid ; ^U. 

hami ; ^ja sadid ; £S+*> saja* ; 
jf~+ jasur. 
Mew, v. (o« a cat) <^y nawwa, yu- 


Digitized by 





nawwi. — (shed feathers) rf kar- 

raz, yukarriz ; <j~ip qarnas, ) u- 

Mew, 8. (cage) ^ti qafas (pi. ^Ul\ 

Miasma, s. J&. buhar (pi. l/*$ ab- 

Microcosm, s. j*** fJ\& 'alam sagir 

Microscope, s. s^a-i/^ &\ alat 
al-miqrosqob ; jUjf V**^ S/" 

Dazzara-t al-aiya as-sigar. 

Mid, adj. ^^-^ wastani-y. 

Mid-day, *. ^ zubr (pi. j\&\ 
azhar) ; kj& zahriya-t ; j^\ «-A-> 
nisf an-nabar. 

Middle, Mid- way, adj. Ja-$ wasa- 
ti'J} o*^~J wastani-y; W~j 
wasit (pi. &~j wusata) ; W-y^ 
mutawassit ; < JUju ^ muntasif. 

Middle, Midway, Midst, *. ^ 

wast, wasat ; k-^s* mutawassi^ ; 

«JU> nisf, nusf ; &>j*»; bufcbu- 

Middling, acfy\ <j*^-j wastAni-y. 
Midnight, s. JJM «JU> nigf a l- 

Midsummer, *. u^\ ulj nisf as- 

saif ; ^Ae- *>r>)&\ inqilab saifi-y. 
Midwipe, e. tyti qabila-t (pi. jiy 

qawabil) ; A*W daya-h (pi. «p\*U 

dayat, Pers.). 
Midwifery, $ *Jf ^ 'ilm taulid. 
Mien, *. }**• manzar (pi. £u* 

inanazir) ; ky ruya-t ; i+j wajh 

(pi. *yt- y wujfih). 
Might, 8. lj<& qudra-t ; ^.utf iqti- 

dar ; SjJ quwwa-t ; &>VL {aqa-t. 
Mightiness, 8. lj<& qudra-t. 
Mighty, adj. ^ qadir ; jk<& qadir ; 

fj* s-^-^* ?a^ib quwwa-t; y>* 

Mignonette, «. ***U fagiya-t. 
Migrate, v. JUL {afai, yaffis ; g* 

hajj, yahujj. 
Migration, b. g**ft hajij ; ^UaW 

Migratory, ad/. JtiVL tafW. 
Mild, a<ty\ ^ layyin ; ^J^- ballm ; 

gl^ wadi' (pi. ^j wuda'a) ; 

o~*o damlg. — (o/ ta#te) vJ* 


Mildew, *. <j#j~ sua; **>W*ft a~j~ 

susat an-nabat ; ** ^irr. 
Mildness, #. fk» Ijilm ; W*>j wi- 

da'a-t; hy±* 'uzuba-t; i+5%+ 

Mile, 8. Ja* mil (pi. J^ amyal) ; 

£-/ farsah (pi. £-V farasih). 
Military, adj. <jet*~"* 'askari-y ; 

^jf- l?arbi-y ; «^* jundi-y. 
Military, s. "h^^\ al-'askariya-t ; 

^L-*M al- c asakir; .**► jund (pi. 

J y^ junud, *>Wt ajnad). 
Milk, #. s-J^ halib ; &A laban 

(pi. 0^ alban, ^ libin). 
Milk, v. s-*1»» halab, yahlab. 
Milk-maid, s. W^- haliba-t. 
Milkman, «. s-J^ £W bayya' 

Milky, adj. ^j**** halibi-y. 
Mill, s. 0j*VL taljun ; ^VL tahu- 

na-t (pi. e<^^ tawabin) ; i^W. 

mitbana-t; Wj raha (pL ^ 

arl?a, ^-^ arfciya-t). — (turned by 

animal*) £*+ madar. — (wind- 
mill) \y*> Qf>& \*hun hawa. — 

(water-mill) U Q)*\L taljun mi. 

— (hand-mill) byW jarusa-t (pi. 

crtjV jawaris). 
Mill, v. (grind) 0*^ tafcan, ya$- 

^an ; J^ jaras, yajrus. — (coin) 

s^/* 4arab, ya^rib ; j^ daqq, 

Miller, s. ^U^ tahban; ^V^ 

Millet, s. ^\^\ s-^ babb as- 

saraniq ; (^-^*> dufen ; Wjp- 

Million, s. <-d\ *-J&\ alf alf ; 0^ 

Millionaire, *. va>U5^ s-»^* fa^ib 

alafat (pi. v>W-»^ ael?ab). 
Mill-stone, *. Q)f>& j++- tajar 

tabun (pi. 6;^*- tajara-t) ; <^; 

Milt, *. (spleen) JUJ» tifaal (pi. 

J^ttutul).— (offish) *W- Wrf 

nutfa-t samak. 
Milter, «. ^»i **U- samak zakar. 
Mimic, «o(y'., 0. jJa* muqallid; 

^Aja? taqlidi-y. 

Digitized by 





Mimic, v. <& qallad, yuqallid ; J» 

naqal, yanqul. 
Mimicby, s. *\sl» taqlid. 
Mince, v. rf faram, yafrum. 
Mind, s. ^U* hatfr (pi. j^f*> hawa- 

tir) ; cjy r<lh (pi. cV arwalj) ; 

J^> bal ; ^4-* damir (pi. ^U* <Ja- 

mayir) ; s-ii qalb (pi. s^ 5 

qulAb). — (inclination) )h* ha^ir j 

•>\^ murad (pi. **A*y\y muradat). 

— (opinion) ^; rayi (pi. \£ ara) ; 

(^ zann (pi. qJ& zuufin) ; f± 

fikr (pl. ; Krtafkar). 
Mind, v. **ss\ intabah, yantabih; 

^ d]^ JW a 4 ta bal-hu li-$e- 

yin, yu'tf ; v» o**** i'tana bi, 

Mindful, ad;, ^j wa'i; { y^^ 

mu'tani; hS*& ^ zft 'anaya-t; 

xJU muqayyad ; 4<;u* muntabih ; 

u*j*** mu^taris. 
Mine, a. (of metals) <$J** ma'din 

(pi. 0*>^** raa'adin). — (under 

walls, &c.) f£ lugra (pi. ^ 

Mine, v. ^-*» naqab, yanqub ; J** 

^*5 'amil lugm, ya'mal. 
Miner, $. ^J** mu'addin. 
Mining, *. 0*>UJ\ g\^A-\ ***-» 

?ana'a-t istihraj al-ma'adin. 
Mineral, $. y*** ma'din (pi. 

0.>U* ma'adin). 
Mineral, adj. ^J** ma'dani-y. 
Mineralogist, s. 0*>UJ^ ^3Vc 

'alim bi-'l-ina'adin. 
Mineralogy, s. goWtt ^U «ilm al- 
ma* Adin. 
Mingle, v.a. Ua. halat, yahlut ; n. 

Uj*\ ihtalat, yahtalit ; ^ hala*, 


Minim, adj. j**\ asgar (pi. /b*>\ 
afagir, Q)j**\ asgarihi) ; jt**> bu- 
gayyir (dim.). 

Minion, s. (favourite) (*•* nadim 
(pi. Uai nudama). 

Minister, 8. fy wazir (pi. \)jj 
wuzara). — (of the Interior) ft) 
&JU^jJ\ jy$\ wazir al-umur ad- 
dahiliva-t. — (of Foreign Affairs) 
a*9^U^ jy)\ ft) wazir al-umur 
aLhdrijiya-t. — (of Justice) ft) 

UaN wazir al-qtuja.— (of War) 
V^N fty wazir al-$arb. — (of 
Finances) WUJ\ ^ylX fty wazir 
al-umur al-maliya-t.— (of Police) 
&«Utt i«.l,j-J\ ^ wazir as-siyasat 
al-'auima-t. — (Prime-minister) 
fjk&1\ jxJ\ as-sadr al-a'zara. — (a 
clergyman) ^U* samraas (pi. 
& ~* Ufr £amamisa-t). 

Minister, v.a. (give) (*& qaddam, 
yuqaddim ; n. (serve) p±± feadam, 

Ministration, s. &••>* hidma-t; 
piJJS taqdim. 

Ministry, s. IMy wazara-t. — (the 
ministry) &)J&\ ^^ arkan ad- 
daula-t. — (the clergy) u-jJ^ ak- 
lirus ; &~)\~J&\ al - qasawisa-t ; 
ZjqQ\ &W jama'at al-kahana-t. 

Minium, *. /«rj zunjufr; g^* 

Minor, adj. j**\ asgar (pi. /k*\ 
a§agir, ljklo\ a^agira-t, O}^ 

Minor, *. (a person under age) 
^J\ yt^ko sagir as-siun; *»ti 
qa?ir (pi. j-5 quB^ar). — (of a 
syllogism) <£j*+ §ugra. 

Minority, s. £+ ?igar. — (smaller 
number) j**$\ *>J^ ( adad al- 

Minstrel, *. u**" muganni ; s^» 

Mint, a. sV 1 * ^ J da* ad-darb (pi. 
j<i4 diyar, j^ duwar). — (plant) 
S^xiMi na'na'a-t ; g^*J na'na*. 

Mint, v. *£~ v»r* 4 ara b sikka-t, 
yadrib ; «eL. satk, yasukk. 

Minuend, s. **+ tjj*d\ al-matr^t 

Minus, s. (sign of subtraction) 
gjLH Mz 'altimat at-t& r b* 

Minute, «. ^W*> daqiqa-t (pi. ,j*tt*> 
daqayiq. — (memorandum) ij&S 
tafkira-t ; Sj^-^ musawwada-t. 

Minute, v. ( put down in writing) 
£*L53^ o^S qayyad bi-*l-kitaba-t, 

Minute, adj. (small) j*** 9 u gayyir« 
— (exact) t^» madbu{; Jj»^» 

Digitized by 





Minuteness, s. (smaUness) £*> 

sugr ; }** ?igar ; l}±~ gagara-t. 

— (exactness) &*> diqqa-t ; <JtJ>*tf 

Mibacle, e. *)+*>• mu'jiza-t; W 

aya-t ; *»♦** 'ujfiba-t (pi. s-«*^ 

a'ajib) ; ***+* 'ajiba-t (pi. s «sW r 

Miraculous, adj. v, . c ^ r 'ajib. 
Mirage, 8. s^V* sarab. 
Miee, «. J*j wahl, wahal (pi. J^ 

wuhftl, J^ auhal) ; ^ tin. 
Mirror, s. «w^ mirat (pi. \y 

mara', ^/» miraya) ; jVLu» min- 

Mirror, v. ^\ ara, yuri ; ^-ie 

'akas, ya'kis. 
Mirth, s.jjr* surftr; S^—* masar- 

ra-t ; c/ farh, farah ; s^» tarab ; 

$W1 imbisat. 
Mirthful, adj. ny~ masrur ; y^y 

farhan ; y *~*± + mumbasit. 
Miry, adj. J»>j wahil ; <$Vj wah- 

lan ; J^y* muwahhil. 
Misadventure, s. ^ musiba-t 

(pi. s-*-4^a* masayib) ; «a>jU. 

hadis (pi. *±>o^ hawadis). 
Misanthrope, 8. tj^\ ij& karih 

an-nas ; ^f* busi-y ; U-&*» mai- 

Misapplication, s. te*\yA\ p±c 

'adam al-muwafaqa-t. 
Misapply, v. u"-** 'akas, ya'kis. 
Misapprehend, v. JLa? tadallal, 

yatadallal ; * Ufc galit fi', yag- 

Misapprehension, *. JUU dalal; 

U^ galat ; je~ sahw. 
Misbehave, v. &*j\ Jli qallal adab- 

hu, yuqallil. 
Misbehaviour, s. s^>S$\ ^ac 'adam 

al-adab ; £**>; S«~ sira-t radiya-t. 
Misbelieve, v. Ja dall, ya4ill ; ytf 

kafar, yakf ur. 
Miscalculate, v. vp^-^H ^ U^ 

galit fi-'l-hisab, yaglat- 
Miscalculation, s. s^~*H ^ W* 

galat fi-'l-^isab. 
Miscarriage, s. (failure) &«A 

haiba-t. — (abortion) tUu\ isq&t; 

Miscarry, v. w-ku^ asqatat, tus- 

qit ; sa^ tarahat, tatralj. — (as a 

Utter) J* dali, yatfill; £^ da«, 

Miscellaneous, ad/. v3^* muta- 

farriq; lj*&* mahlut; U+s** 

muhtalit; £^r* majmu' (pi. 

ga^W* majami'). 
Miscellaneou8NES8, 8. UU*J ihti- 

Miscellany, *. &tj*^ majimVa-t. 
Mischance, 8. *e*W dahiya-t (pi. 

<jb\^ dawahi) ; *J* baliya-t (pi. 

Vtfc balaya) ; S**** inusiba-t (pL 

<-r«tla* maeayib). 
Mischief, s.' (injury) ;r & 4arar; 

S^ ma^arra-t; k& aziya-t. — 

(wickedness) /• Sarr (pi. ^ 

Mischievous, adj. y*+ mudirr ; j* 

cjarr ; ^ V ™ u ? ! J /l* ^ arir (P l 

^\ asrar, ^ aiirra'). 
Mischievousness, *. 5a~a* maf- 

sada-t; S,^ ^arara-t. 
Misconceive, v. J^ tadallal, ya- 
tadallal ; )*\ in^arr, yangarr. 
Misconception, a. ^ galat ; J^* 

dalal ; %£ gurur. 
Misconduct, 8. ^j *^<h suluk 

radi-y : ^4^ %j#* sira-t radiya-t. 
Misconstruction, 8. j**** !qU gala* 

Misconstrue, v. js~*d\ ^ X=U 

galit fi-'t-tafsir (y<«*4\ ^ fi-'t- 

ta'bir), yaglat. 
Miscreant, *. ^ kafir (pi. y» 

kuffar) ; ^y mardud ; <*y mur- 

Misdeed, 8. pf* jurm (pi. ftp- 

jurum) ; {J\ ism (pi. f&\ asam) ; 

s-J*^ zamb (pi. s^y** zunub). 
Misdemeanour, *. ^J 8 ^ hatiya-t 

(pi. VjU-i. hataya); ;r «5 qu?ur ; 

s-** 'aib (pi. v'^ 'uyfib). 
Miser, *., Miserly, adj. S^> bahil 

(pi. 3^. buhala); u~*~^ basis 

(pi. ^U^ hisas, \~~*>\ ahissa) ; 

^U sahib ; e^A ^abih (pi. cW*» 

Sihah, 0>1 a4ihha-t, pi. f. c*^*> 

Miserable, adj. JJ*i zalil (pi. J3I^ 

Digitized by 





zilal, J«tt azilla) ; {&£-" maskin 
(pi. e*A~- masakin) ; <J* saqi-y 
(pi. LaM asqiya) ; y-** ta'is. 

Miseeableness, Misery, 8. R* 
zilla-t ; Z*£~" maskana-t ; SjU* 
kqawa-t; /* faqr; u-^ naljs 
(pi. u*y** nuhus). 

Mispobtune, «. o**=: j- su baht; 
2e*W dahiya-t (pi. o^V <*a- 
wahi) ; &«-* musiba-t (pi. s~*^ 
masayib) ; Sja &dda-t (pi. ^^ 

Misgive, v. ***** Sakkak, yusak- 
kik ; v>\> rab, yarib ; «^j±- haw- 
waf, yuhawwif. 

Misooveen, v. J^W (j-^- ^ ma 
gas bi-'l-'adl, yasus. 

MlSGOVEBNMENT, 8. (*£^\ f«** 

'adam al-hukm ; &~\i}\ fy*j rada- 

wat ar-riyasa-t. 
Misguide, v. JU 4allal, yudallil. 
Mishap, e. #*>^ fcadiga-t (pi. v±>j^ 

Misinfobm, 8. v»«^ kazab, yakzib ; 

jjU ^ ^ y*&\ ahbar £e gair 

eadiq, yuhbir. 

MlSINFOBMATION, 8. £*&*> yi£ y*± 

habar gair sabiq ; J->* h p± 

habar bi-la asl. 
Mislay, v. &* 4ayya', yudayyi*. 
Mislead, t;. jk, fallal, yudallil. 
Mismanage, v. j^^ j<£ &• J*i 

fa'al min gair tadbir, yaf'al. 
Mismanagement, «. j«t*ttH ^ac 

'adam at-tadbir. 
Misname, v. ^5*-^ o* ^ galit fi- 

't-tasammi, yaglat. 
Misnomee, 8. laU galat ; J^ dalal. 
Mispeint, s. &&\ U* galat at- 

Mispeonounce, v. £** lagig, yal- 

Mispeonunciation, «. £*J lasag. 
Misquotation, s. ^W 2 *-^ Llfc 

galat al-istiqbas. 
Misquote, v. ^W**-^ <j* W* galit 

fi-'l-istiqbas, yaglat. 
Miseepeesent, v. fti&\ s-^* qalab 

al-kalain, yaqlib; &-+)\ w — ** 
k \JtWiW labas al-haqq bi'1-batil, 

yalbis; j<± gayyar, yugayyir ; 
«-^ harraf , yutarrif . 

Miseepeesentation, «. <j~**l7 tal- 
bis ; d &^« $ t?*- habar la sah- 
lja-t la-hu. 

Miseulb, v. JJ*JW u*^- U ma sas 
bi-'l-'adl, yasus. 

Miseule, 8. <LX (r Ji\ ft*, 'adam as- 

Miss, a. {young lady) h*° sabiya-t. 
— (in addressing her) <y~ sitti. — 
(loss) jy*& qusur ; ^Ua* nuqgan ; 
SjL-*. hasara-t. — (want) ^U. 
^aja-t; e^*^ ihtiyaj. — (error) 
)At galat; ^ bata; ^e- sahw, 

Miss, v. (fAe marA;) U«U ahta, 
yuhti ; y* ^^ t&s 'an, yati^ ; 
jy» earid, yasrad (which, by 
opposition, means also " to hit "). 
— (fail) v^ hab, yahib).— ( per- 
ceive the want of) g^ fcaj, yahuj ; 
gV^^ ihtaj, yahtaj (both with J^ 
ila). — (omit) ^5- * na«a, yansa. 

Missal, ». ^^a3^ v»U^ kitab al- 


quddas ; JW^ misal. 
Missile, *. ^/^ mirma (pi. 

Mission, «. JU^ irsal; flt-j risa- 

la-t ; ^ l -^ marsala-t. — (preach- 
ing of the Gospel) ^j-^ tab^ir. 
Missionary, s. j ~ & *" muba^sir; 

J-/« mursal. 
Missive, s. £1~j risala-t; s-»y^* 

maktub (pi. s-<s*^* makatib) ; 

s^ kitab (pi. s-^ kutub). 
Mis-spell, v. &**&&\ ^5* W^ galit 

fi-'t-tahjiya-t, yaglat ; <JW« sah- 

haf, yusahhif. 
Mis-spend, v. Sj^U ^ uy> earaf bi- 
la fayida-t, yasrif ; *-tj~\ asraf, 

Mist, 8. (vapour) vpW^ <Jabab ; (*& 

gaim. — (darkness) £*xc 'atma-t ; 

Wi» gulma-t. 
Mistake, v. J-* 4all, ya^ill ; ki± 

galit, yaglat ; W- saha, yashu. 
Mistake, «. J)U dalal ; Ui galat ; 

&te galta-t ; VU hata. 
Mistaken, ac/;. JU ^lall (pi. J\** 

Hawaii); yu gflit; <^ galtan. 

Digitized by 





Kunii,?.^^^ J**«amilfi 
gafr wakt-hn, yainaL 

HjmMEA&y S. «r»*9-i1 idoib; A»i*a 

XurraAjrsLATZ, r. i*-*^ ^ U* 
galit fi-'t-t&rjama-t, ra^ia^. 

MumfcAJTSLATIO*, #. A— **~H U* 

gala*, at-tarjama-t ; £»jbu i**^ 
tarjan;a-t maeluta-t. 
Mistress, #. (*roman of authority) 
i^w *ahiba-t ; *s~. §itt ipL *s>u- 
titrat; ; ia/*- baton (pL tf^j** 
ipawatioj. — (lad if -teacher) A*la* 
ma'aUima-t. — (lady-love) hfs^" 
mal>buba-t; * > . , ■ > » habiba-t; 
fi|^* ma'suqa-t. — (concubine) 
h\*j& qahramana-t ; i»y- surri- 
ya-t (pL v5;V* sararij ; a~W* 
mal>ziva-t (pi. o^W» mahA^i). 

MirrEUHT, f , ^j«*i-J istihwan ; «£l* 
*akk (pi. ^^ rak&k); *•«? 

Mistrust, v. Qf**~\ istabwan, yas- 
tahwin; ^ g^» ) istahras 
min, yastaljris. 

Misty, adj. v^* ^ zu dabab; 
^-*a# mucjibb ; ;•**" mugayyam. 

Misunderstand, v. v^W J^» t~ 
ma fahira bi-'f-fawab, yafham. 

Misunderstanding, #. ,»e*N U* 
galat al-fahin; U* galaf; j*-* 
sahw, sahft. — (dissension) aaJU>* 
muhalafa-t; «j3u^ ihtilaf. 

Mite, #. (insect) £~j- eusa-t. — 
(small portion) ^y* suwwai-y 
(dim. of ^ 6e-y). 

Mitigate, v. ^ layyan, yulayyin ; 
wAU latfaf, yulatfif ; &£- sakkan, 
yusakkin ; u*l haffaf, yuhaffif. 

Mitioation, s. UlJ** tahtlf ; i ^-J 
taskin ; &&U inulatafa-t. 

Mitre, s. & taj (pi. W tijan). 

Mix, v. U^ hala*, yahlu$ ; gy 
mazaj, yamzaj ; n. UsL\ ihtalat, 

Mixture, s. U* huU ; WW ihtil&t i 
df*\ imtizaj. 

Moan, v. & na]?, yanu^i ; 

nafyab, yan^ab; q\ ann, ya'iun ; 
*fti ta'awwau, yata'awwah. 
Moan, Moaning, s. cV nuwAh; 

l**y naofea-t; s-^ nafefb; ^ 
anin ; */tf ta'awwnk. 
Moat, «. «>a^ hasdaq (pL j->U*» 

Mob. «. (crowff) **»j zahma-t ; 
r» ■ » ■ » ;* ixdiham. — (populace) 
^.uH J*t-t asafil an-nas ; £*.&«**> 
Mob, r. ^va hi jam, yuhajim. 
Mobile, adj. «a j%s * muta^iarrik ; 

**»3£ qallab. 
Mobiutt, #. *^*n Ate. hiffat al- 

haraka-t; ^/^taharrnk 
Mock, r. j^ ■ • » tamaahar, yata- 
mashar; *«Wa dahak, ya^hak 
(both with J^ *ala) ; ^L gabir, 
yaahar; <jr,-»=-t istahza, yastahzi 
(both with s,, bi). 
Mock, o^;. («o^ real) ^s*JJB taq. 

li<3i-w ; jjf muzawwar. 

Mockiet, «. ^ai- sahar ; ^., 4 l ta- 

mashur; $*> huzu; \)6*-^ istihza. 

—(false show) s^y zuhruf ; 

**/») zahrafa-t (pi. u^Wj zaharif). 

Mode, #. (manner) s-»J^ uslub (pi. 

s-JV-^ asalib); j1y^ manwal, 

minwal ; ,3*^ tariq (pi. jj^ ^urq, 

turuq, jf°\ a^ruq) ; Ai^L ^ariqa-t 

(pi. ^> tarayiq). — (fashion) 

^j zai-y. — (custom) Sole 'ada-t 

(pi. a>^ 'aw ay id). 

Model, t. w-JU qalib (pi. s-Njl 

qawalib) ; 5jaS qidwa-t, qadwa-t. 

Model, v. ,jft^ naqai, yanqai ; ^ 

sawwar, yuaawwir. 
Modeller, s. J*\& naqqas. 
Moderate, adj. (not excessive) p* 
^* gair mufri^; Jxa^ mu'ta- 
dil ; \>~f+ mutawassit ; ^ wari c . 
— (not exacting) cJUa^» munsif. 
Moderate, v. J^c 'addal, yu'ad- 

dil ; Ute kttaf, yulattif. 
Moderateness, Moderation, *. 
J^axc^ i'tidal ; «^U\ insaf ; dp+\ 
imtilak; l\^\ ^^ UjL\ iljtima 
miu al-ifra^. 
Modern, adj. j*a* jadid; wtstJ^ 
hadis (pi. s±Aj*.\ ahdas) ; *a>j^« 
Modern, *. fJ\z* muta'ahhir. 
Modernise, v. %w^ jaddad, yujad- 

Digitized by 





did ; J^J ajadd, yujidd ; ^ «3*U» 

***y^ <Jb tabaq 'ala zai-y al- 

waqt, yutabiq. 
Modest, adj. (becoming) s^V"" 

mu'addab ; f»-- w niuhtasim ; 

g-^j*« mutawadi*. — (chaste) «-**** 

'afif (pi. Uc\ a'iffa, «^^c <ifaf j ; 

Lr A^\ ytlL tahir an-naf6; ^^j**. 

Modesty, *. v»^ adab ; £*\y ta- 

wadu' ; W hava ; fa waqar ; 

&\jj rizana-t ; <UJUw hisma-t. — 

{chastity) i** 'iffa-t ; vliUc « a f af ; 

fy^ tahara-t. 
Modicum, s. &•* suwwaya-t; &* 

hana-t ; ie^fc hunayya-t. 
Modification, *. jj**s tagyir ; y^s 

tagayyur; «- * t» & takyif. 
Modify, v. ^A gayyar, yugayyir; 

«-A*£ kayyaf, yukayyif. 
Modulate, v. ^^5 Iahin, yalhan ; 

UaN h-*j rattab al-gina, yurat- 

tib ; &+*A\ fjbi nazam an-nag- 

ma-t, yanziui. 
Modulation, s. &<J lal?n (pi. q^ 

lu^iin, ^l^M alljan) ; &*i* nag- 

ma-t ; f*}f tarnim. 
Moiety, s. «-A-^ naff, nisf (pi. 

«jU\ ansaf). 
Moist, ad/\ s-^ ratfb ; ^^ nadi-y 

(pi. *tJtf\ andiya-t) ; q\i<x nad- 

Moisten, v. s-^j rattab, yurattib ; 

t^jtf nadda, yunaddi ; J* ball, 

MoisTNEss, Moisture, s. W>j rutu- 

ba-t; SjW nadawa-t; £y» buiu- 

Molab, *. y*y* <Jirs (pi. u*V^ a< *" 

ras, ^rf* 4urus). 
Molasses, 8. v»j rubb; <*y~\ J~* 

'asal aswad ; ^r»^> dibs. 
Mole, *. (mark on the skin) J^ 

hal (pi. ^V* hilan).— (dike) a- 

sudd (pi. *>j«»-* sudud) ; y*\* 

ljajiz (pi. S^ft- Ijajaza-t, j*V- 

iawajiz); j-* jisr (pi. ;♦—► 

jusur). — (animal) *^ huld, $jJ^ 

hulda-t (pi. ut^jd* huldat, i%U- 

Molecule, *. fyJ zarra-t. 

Molest, v. J*> gaqqal, yusaqqil; 

j^> nakkad, yuuakkid (both 

with ^ 'ala) ; g*}\ az'aj, yu'zij ; 

^^c 'anna, yii'anni. 
Molestation, *. && saqla-t ; s-*«» 

ta'ab ; #•*-■» tasdi* ; (J*y&5 tai- 

wis" ; •*& nakad. 
Mollify, v. (make soft) (^ lay- 

yau, yulayyin; ^ raqqaq, yu- 

raqqiq; ga* naqqa', yunaqqi*. — 

(pacify) q£- sakkan, yusakkin; 

v,$*vto hadda,yuhaddi ; ^$<u*\ ahda, 

Moment, s. (of time) *W la^za-t ; 

A-*^ ramsa-t ; *y+& gamza-t ; ^L 

tarfa-t ; &> rafta-t ; ^W lahma-t 

(all may be followed by &c* 

*ain) ; AcU sa'a-t ; JW hal ; ^5j 

daqiqa-t. — (importance) J*» §iqi ; 

^c 4 U2n3 ; *»j* (jiurura-t ; ^^ 

Momentary, adj. ^^ waqti-y ; 

«^W t^li-y J «^^ fani. 
Momentous, adj. (*+ muhimm; 

Jt>a* saqil ; ^ji 'azim. 
Monarch, *. ^j^i- sultan (pi. (^>lJiu 

salatin) ; **VU malik (pi. j)yu 

Monarchic, Monarchical, arf;. 

^UJL. sultani-v ; <^£* muluki-y. 
Monarchy, s. &&~ saltana-t ; <&U* 

Monastery, 0. ^t-> dair (pi. ^y*> 

duyiira-t, S^^ adyira-t). 
Monastic, Monastical, adj. J^j 

Monasticism, *. i^WA; ruhbani- 

Monday, *. y*£)\ ^ yaum al- 

Money, *. ^jU fuliis (pi. of (jJh 

fals, "obole"); e*\j*> darahim 

(pi. of ^*> dirham, '* drachm "). 
Moneyed, adj. y*^ s-^^ ea^ib 

fulus; (**>\j4 s-^^* saljib dara- 
him (pi. v»U-«>\ ashab). 
Money-less, adj. ^J^u muflis (pi. 

U J\A^ mafalis). 
Monger, *. f W bayya*. 
Monition, s. j\&\ inzar ; ji *** tal^- 

zir j &^ wa'aga-t. 

Digitized by 





Monitor, «. ^ wa'iz. ; j^» raun- 

zir ; ^ nasib. 
Monitorial, Monitory, adj. ^ 

nasih ; ;j^ munzir. 
Monk, *. s-*\> rabib (pi. q\**j 

Monkey, s. V qird (pi. ^/ 
qurud) ; yy*** maimun ; ^^u. 
sa'dan (pi. (^^*- sa'adin) ; vj+* 
bijris (pi. u-jW^ bajaris). 
Monkish, adj. o>W*; rubbani-y. 
Monocular, adj. (one-eyed) j^\ 
a'war, f. \f 'aura (pi. ^^ 
*uran) ; ^** *>** fard 'am. 
Monogram, s. 1/k tugra (Pers.) ; 

y^ ramz (pi. )y») rumuz). 
Monopolise, v. ^ ^ bawwa* 
'ala, yubawwi*; £** tabakkar, 
yatabakkar ; /^\ ifctakar, yafc- 
Monopolist, s. k\yw hawwat ; )&*+ 

mu^takir ; ^^* multazim. 
Monopoly, s. &S**H <J* Wj** tab- 
wit 'ala-'l-ba<Jayi' ; j**» fcakr; 
j&+\ ifctikar ; Sj*>^ ^ yad wahi- 
Monosyllable, *. Kf» W ^* 
£j*>^ kalima-t fiha baraka-t wa- 
Monotone, Monotony, s. &*fi\ ^ 
fard al-lafcn; #^-~* basala-t; 
£*^ft* ja'ja'a-t. 
Monotonous, ad/\ «^ {$+) A la- 
bu lalm wafcid j J-W basil ; ^ 
Monsoon, *. +A\ p~y* mausim an- 

nau ; yd\ ^\ awan an-nau. 
Monster, *. <J**) wabi£, wa^6 (pi- 
J*y*) wufcus) ; fr~" masib ; hjte 
'ifrit (pi. H;^ 'afarit). 
Monstrous, adj. ty-+" mamsftb; 

^a-.j wafcsi-y. 
Month, «. ^ sahr (pi. } &* Subftr, 
j&\ aibur) ; u^Ui numas (pi. 
,^+i numus, £-*** anmiea-t). 
Monthly, adj. ^fl* 6abri-y. 
Monument, «. ;<*£*• /^ agar maSbtir 
(pi. Sjje-*** ;*M agar ma^hura-t) ; 
Me 'alama-t (pi. <&* 'alarn, f*U 
'alayim). See Tomb, Mauso- 

Mood, s. Ul£ kaif ; >UN U^ kaif 
al-batir; ^ ba$ir.— (t» gram- 
mar) J**N ***- sigat al-fi'l. 
Moon, «. j+* qamar (pi. jU*\ aq- 
mar).— (full moon) j* badr (pi. 
j^ budur). — (new moon) J&* 
bilal (pi. &*\ abiila-t) .—(change 
of moon) y^\ J^- bulul al- 
Moonlight, Moonshine, *. j**H ]* 

du al-qamar. 
Moor, s. *a«— sabba-t (pi. fcW- 

sibab) ; hk &~+ masbaba-t. 
Moor, v. Wj rabat, yarbu* ; cr*^ 

arsa, yursi. 
Moot, v. ^f- *ara<ji, ya'ricj. 
Mop, 8. Ui .i u » min^af (pi. «-^aU* 

Mope, v. J^ mall, yamall; jUi 
tamallal, yatamallal ; J*j za*il, 
Moping, Mopish, adj. j#~* feasir ; 

^^cj za*laii. 
Moral, adj. (of good manners) 
iyt^jy 0— <^ hasati as-sira-t ; ±**o» 
v|U^ bamid al-ablaq; ,jeA 
adabi-y ; s-» J ^* muta'addib. — 
(mental) J** 'aqli-y. 
Moral, *. (practical lesson) fi^ft 
4 ibra-t (pi. ^ 'ibar) ; *«^ na- 
siba-t; b*S* fayida-t (pi. ^V 
f away id). 
Moralise, v. sy>S\ addab, yu'ad- 
dib; s&±*\ fM 'allani al-ablaq, 
yu*allim ; ^j wa'az, yu'ig. 
Moralist, s. j^^ ^ s-^U eatib 

*ilm al-ablaq. 
Morals, Morality, s. J^ ablaq ; 
v^ adab (pi. s^W^j adab) ; »<J/- 
suliik; tfJ^uJ^ ^-^ t UBn as- 
suluk.— (science 0/) ,jWN (^ 
'iim al-ablaq ; s^N ^ *ilm al- 
Morass, s. Zs**~ sabfea-t; g&«-^ 

Morbid, adj. <J%)" maricji (pb v^T* 
marda) ; JJ^ 4 alil (pi. W a411a). 
Morbidness, «. ^c illa-t (pi. «w^ 
'illat, Jlfi c ilal) ; o*/* m a™4 (pi. 
v/y^ amra4). 

Digitized by 





More, adj. y£\ akgar ; *$ azwad ; 

^ azyad; SjV*j ziyada-t. 
More, s. j& akgar. 
Moreover, adv. **H»J ^ gair zalik ; 
4*\J J ^JLc fij^j ziyadat 'ala zalik ; 
•*«t ^ min ba'd. 
Morning, s. cW* sabalt ; e*-» sublj 

(pi. eW^ asbal?). 
Morning, ad;. **-> aubti-y ; ^j^- 

Morning-star, s. y+$\ s-^kau- 
kab al-fajr; ^1 &*rnajmat a$- 
aubh ; Sy&j zubara-t. 
Morose, adj. ^ty* Saris ; j#~»* 
hasir ; J^* malul ; J*tf gaqil (pi. 
Jtf suql, JVa? siqal, ^ guqala) ; 
<j*j wa'iq. 
Moroseness, s. J1U malal; fl)U 
malala-t; Oej za'la-t; JLaej 
Morrow, *. •** gad. — (to-morrow) 

-W gadan ; J*F\ ^ fi-'l-gad. 
Morsel, s. (Wte) &**5 luqma-t (pi. 
^aJ luqam). — (small piece) &*i 
qit'a-t (pi. gt* qufa'). 
Mortal, ad,;, (subject to death) ^U 
fani.— (deadly) Jtoq&til; c>*** 
mumit ; *&&• muhlik. — (human) 
^L-rt insani-y; ^^ baiari-y. 
Mortal, *. ^V—rt insan (pi. <j*U 
nas) ; pA &\ ibn adam (pi. ^ 
^ bani adam). 
Mortality, s. ^* fana ; &y maut ; 

**;<** baiariya-t. 
Mortar, *. (for 'pounding) yp. 
jura (pi. 0£» jurun, <^ jiran); 
^U hawan (pi. «^V»^U hawanat) ; 
<j*\fl- mihras (pi. u^^* maha- 
ris . — (for building) ^^ ha- 
fiqi ; &J* tfa. 
Mortoaoe, a. &*j rahn (pi. ^j*; 

Mortoage, v. **^ (^) raban 4nd, 

Mortgagee, «. »Juc yytoy marhun 

c ind-bu. 
Mortgager, a. &*>y rnurbin. 
Mortification, s. (depression) f^ 

famui (pi. fy*& gumiira) ; s-»^ 
arb (pi. v»;/ kurub). — (affront) 
J3 zall ; J|.« izlal ; *^\ aztya-t. 

— (self-denial) jaj zuhd; 8oUj 
zuhada-t; &*V^ rivacja-t. — (gan- 
grene) ^ akila-t; s-Wt al- 
Mortify, v.a. (subdue) j$ qahar, 
yaqhar; g*I qama 1 , yaama*. — 
(humble) J»tt azall, yuzill ; ^W 
ahan, yubin ; n. e^*»( in'afan, 
Mosque, s. ±+~-* masjid (pi. j^Um* 
masajid); £*W jami' (pi. g*\j> 

Moss, *. &a^ u$na-t. — (white moss) 
ft+id\ I*** Saibat al-'ajuz; l*S 
)y***\ kussat al-'ajuz. 

Most, adj., adv., s. y&\ aksar. 

Mostly, adv. "V^ galiban; Jc 
s-3UX\ 'ala-'l-gaUb. 

Mote, s. <£& qaza ; Sj3 zarra-t ; 
Wa haba (pi. W*t abbaj ; J^ 

Moth, «. ^-y- susa-t. 

Mother, s. f>\ umm (pi. wa>^ um- 
mahat) ; l^ walida-t. — (mother- 
in-law) ty)tt p\ umm az-zauj ; p\ 
&*-d\ umm az-zauja-t; 8U». ha- 
mat (pi. «y\f-4*. hamawat). — 
(mother-of-pearl) *J±+ ?adaf (pi. 
JWI asdaf) ; ^ J^ *irq lMu. 

Motherhood, s. &*"\ ummiya-t. 

Motherly, adj. ^^ ummi-y ; ^y\ 
ummawi-y ; pJ\ J^» misl al- 

Motion, *. ^o- haraka-t. — (pro- 
posal) &>]* *urdla-t ; u*^ i'ra4 ; 
j*)f 'urud. 

Motive, s. s^- sabab (pi. s-»W-t 
asbab) ; &* 4 illa-t (pi. JU 'ilal) ; 
&&W ba*isa-t (pi. *±+*\tf bawa'i§) ; 
jbjt gara"4 (pi. ^^ agra^). 

Motley, adj. ^^\ abras\ f. \a^ 
barsa (pi. <^y bur^) ; ^^W ^aA* 
£ftUae« munaqqas* bi-alwan mub- 
talifa-t. — (mixed) ^JUe« mahlu^. 

Mottle, v. &Lsak* o^W u^»^ naq- 
qas bi-alwan muhtalifa-t, yu- 

Motto, s. yj ramz (pi. )yj ru- 

Mould, «. (earth) v»V turab ; ^/ 
turba-t. — (as on old bread, &c.) 


Digitized by 


ij ^>'.-i!* 1:22. * r 

i^-iTJtrij. - in. i_iinm 

till 4< 
** „U.-M1 

AT77 a u* t'llfliil 

iii— :hl 
ji~ i mo. *. ^-i i>uin* 

71TTT . 

rb-1 "HUT 1*. *4*aT £>1LT . 

LT" lr-: _~ r *> t*"*'*' , ~ IT }'"+/t£wI-'i\ 

iter ?*r*L ^ 

Digitized by 





Muleteer, *. JU» baggal; jU*. 
hammar ; ^^» mukari ; <j*;I»Vi 
Multifarious, adj. £ty IK «Jtf kasir 

al-anwa 4 ; Jl-£H JLj£\ a^kal 

Multilateral, adj. v^y^N p& 

kasir al-jumib. 
Multiple, a. »>jjut* nia'dud. 
Multiplier, Multiplicator, *. 

*** Var** m a4rub fi-hi. 
Multiplicand, «. s-»jp*&* ma<Jrub. 
Multiplication, s. (increase of 

number) j^S tak&r ; y\& ta- 

kasirr ; J\i*>)\ izdiyad. — (in arith- 
metic) v»/* (Jarb. 
Multiplicity, b. Sytf kasra-t ; *W 

jumla-t; *eW jama«a~-t. 
Multiply, v. (increase in number) 

a. f* kassar, yukassir; n. y£ 

kagur, yakgur. — (in arithmetic) 

o* v»^ darab fi, va^rib. 
Multitude, *. (great number) 8y£ 

kasra-t; l^yt gazara-t. — (popu- 
lace) u-Utt J*U^ asafil an-nas. 
Multitudinous, adj. j*ac 'adid; 

«^ka§ir (pl.j^* kigar). 
Mumble, v. /+*+* hamham, yuham- 

him ; ^a-j damdam, yudamdim ; 

ffi+s taqamqam, yataqamqam ; 

&& naqnaq, yunaqniq. 
Mumm, v. j£a> tanakkar, yatanak- 

kar; f * ~~ » tamashar, yatamas- 

Mummery, b. l f *~+ masljara-t ; 

f*~+3 tamashur. 
Mummy, b. &**y mumiya-t (pi. 

(*y mum). 
Mundane, adj. <j^* dunyawi-y ; 

«.5ja**> dunyawi-y ; ^^ 'alami-y. 
Municipal, adj. j!*H v/**:yahu88 

al-balad ; q±+x* mutamaddin. 
Municipality, 8. 8j***$\ J^\ akbar 

al-madina-t; Ji*M Ja\ ^ ^Ud. 

bukkain min ahl al-balad. 
Munificence, s. la»~ sa^aj Sjl^~ 

sahawa-t ; *>y* jud ; rf karam. 
Munificent, adj. i j* l ~ sa&i-y (pi. 

Wafc-t as^iya) ; ^/ kariin (pi. 

f\f kiram) ; j\j+ jawad (pi. *\f*\ 


Munition, 8. &U** jabhana-t (pi. 
«yliUrt^ jabhanat, Per*.); lyt&S 

zahira-t (pi. jjU. J zahayir). 
Murder, «. Jai qatl. 
Murder, v. Jtf qatal, yaqtul; 

qattal, yuqattil; J*x* Jsi qatal 

qatil, yaqtul. 
Murderer, s. J>Vs qatil (pi. JUJ 

quttal); Jbl qattal. 
Murderous, adj. JUS qattal ; **)U- 

saffak; U*aN *aUU sank ad- 

Murkiness, *.ytf kadar j &*lt.zul- 

Murky, adj. jj£* mukaddar ; px*+ 

Murmur, *. ^Uj^j damdama-t; 

^ fi » fi> taqamqum ; & && naq- 
naq a- 1. — (o/ water) £f» harir. 
Murmur, v. fxo damdam, yudam- 

dim ; q^j dandan, yudandin ; 
!+*+* hamham, yu ham him ; ^UJS 

taqamqam, yataqamqam. 
Murrain, s. ^W^ *<*$+ jayi^at al- 

bahayim ; ^\^1\ J*i fasl al- 

bahayim ; *sAj\j*J\ Q)*^ ta'un 

Muscle, a. SU* 'adala-t (pi. J^ft 

Muscular, adj. J*c *aclil. 
Muscularity, «. J-ic *a4al. 
Muse, v. /as tafakkar, yataf akkar ; 

J^*^> ta'ammal, yata'ammal (both 

with ^ fi). 
Muse, s. & fikr (pi. ^W afkar); 

&» tafakkur ; J^ P V* ta'ammul. 
Museum, s. u^sl\ &j*. ljaznat at* 

Mushroom, s. fS kam (pi. ^*i\ 

akmu, S*Ui kam c a-t) ; ^* fu^r (pi. 

^Uoi fa^ari). 
Music, *. hf nauba-t; ^W^ (^ 

f ann al-al^ian ; &V*y musiqa-h. 
Musical, adj. <J±~r musiqi-y. — 

(musical instrument) &-ij&\ &} 

alat an-nauba-t; v»^^ ^T alat 

at-tarab (pi. «^3f alat); 8jl-o 

&*a*~j'* 'udda-t musiqiya-t (pi. 

^J^ 4 udad). 
Musician, s. JV\ alati-y; Jtty 

naubati-y ; y^* mutrib. 

Digitized by 





Musk, $. a \ w musk, moik ; fy~*>+ 

Musk, v. ** L ~* massak, yumassik. 
Musket, #. XflJUif banduqiya-t (pL 

*JA* bandog) ; io^ b£ruda-t (pi. 

*tj\$ bawand). 
Musketeer, $. < j *fi y* * banduqji-y ; 

o » * t <g tufankji-y. 
Musky, <nf/. £~ • muski-y. 
Muslim, t. U^U^ muflina. 
Must, t?. J* s-%j wajab 'ala, yajib 

(# i# incumbent on) ; ^5 lazim, 

yalzim ; rfft iltazam, yaltazim ; 

eWt i^taj, yal?taj (the last three 

followed by q\ an). 
Must, #, *.** i^» nabtz jadid. 
Mustard, §. J.y> fcardal. 
Mustek, $. {review) J^\ ^J>f 

*ar4 al-jais\ 
Muster, v. (assemble) a. £** jama', 

yajma'; n. £+*+\ ijtaraa', yaj- 

Mustinbss, 9. X^Aft <ufna-t ; &y* 

'ufuna-t ; ^ ta'affun. 
Mustt, ad;. 0*** ma'aio, 
Mutable, o3/. v^ltt qallab; s-J&s 

yataqallab (3 aor. v.) ; «wW> d U 

m& la-hu gab&t ; ;***• mutagay- 

Mutablenbss, Mutability, s. [*a* 

**V 'adam sabat; ^ *U qilla-t 

qarAr ; ^ tagayyur ; s-1* ta- 

Mute, adj., $. y*^ ajjras, f. L^ 

barsA (pi. ^^a burs). — (be mute) 

u*f- haris, yahras. — (a mute 

latter) ^L. sakin. 
Mutilate, v. £a* jada', yajda' ; 

tf 'awwar, yu'awwir ; La- saqqat, 


MUTILATIOK, 6. £A% jada'; jlf* 

ta*wir ; U~ saqa*. 
Mutineer, *., Mutinous, arf/. ^^ 

'as! (pi. »Ue *u«at) ; e u kttan; 

A^i s— U sihib fitna-t; a-a. 

Mutiny, #. Ais* fitna-t (pL (^ 

fitan); A-^y qauma-t; t?U?-^ 

•isyan, 'usyan ; *jL«c "asmwa-t ; 

^UaL {ugyan. 
Mutiny, v. ^-^ < asa, ya*si; ^ 

taga, ya^gi. 
Mutter, r. fJUB taqamqam, yata- 

qamqam ; f<* tadammar, yata- 

Mutter, s. fJUJS taqamqam; f*> 

Mutton, 8. ^it ^ lahm ganam ; 

^5^^ f*+} lahm ganami-y; ^ 

<j*^a labm 4ani~y. 
Mutual, adj. *£f±* mustarik; 

U**t e*t*i ba'd-hum ba'd, Ac. 
Muzzle, s. (mouth) f^ fumin, famm 

(pi. »yt afwah, f»UA\ afmim) ; 

)$ biiz. — (corcr /or the mouth) 

fU£ kimam (pi. &*tf akimma-t) ; 

^ ka'm (pi. r V^ ki'am) ; r ^U 

Muzzle, r. ^ karam, yakumm; 

^«^ ka'am, yaka'am. 
My, adj. ^ i (affixed to a noun). 
Myself, pron. ^-^ M ana nafsi. 
Myriad, #. d)& lukuk; *yj rib- 

Myrrh, *. y murr; &&• f murr 

Myrtle, *. y\ as ; &*-*• marsiD. 
Myrtle-berry, $. <j*)\ s-^ ^ahb 

al-as (vnlg. ( j J ^* bumbalas). 
Mysterious, adj. <jj~ sirri-y. 
Mystery, b. y- sirr(pl.^^ asrar) ; 

s-^ gaib (pi. v»^ giyab, s^re* 

guy ub) ; sa>W** gaibat. 
Mystic, adj. ^y sufi-y; ^ytt* 

Mysticism, «. <J^ tasawwuf. 

Digitized by 






Nadir, s. jjtf nazir ; 

nazir as-samt. 
Naq, a. <j~tjl furais (dim. of uV 

Nail, *. (of the fingers and toes) /*■ 

Z ifr, zufr (pi. J&\ azfar, /VM 

azafir). — (of iron, &c) ;W~* 

mismar (pi. ^U-^ masamir). 
Nail, v. j+~ sammar, yusammir; 

j*~ *• masmar, yumasmir. 
Nailbe, s. c s*7*~' • mismarji-y. 
Nailery, «. j^wtt J*** mi'mal 

Naked, adj. <j»\* 'ari ; y^j* 'uryan ; 

laJy* muzalla(. 
Nakedness, *. v.^ 'ura; ^c 

'urya-t ; Uj zal{. 
Name, *. (*~»\ ism (pi. U-\ asma, 

ij-Ut asami); w-^ laqab (pi. 

v»W alqab) ; ^ < a lam (pi. fi*\ 

a'lam). — (nick-name) h^ kina- 

ya-t. — (reputation) ws-*ts-» sit ; j& 

Name, v. ^y*— sainma, yusammi. — 

(mention) /«* zakar, yazkur.— 

(appoint) u*"* samma, yusammi ; 

J«* ja'al, yaj'al. 
Namely, adv. *%* j wa-zalik ; j*> j 

wa-hu ; ^j*** ya'ni. 
Namesake, «. ^^ sammi-y (pi. 

W*-.\ asmiya). 
Nap, *. f»y naum ; fljl** qailula-t. 
Nap, v. f»^ nam, yanam ; JU qal, 

Nape, «. to qafa (pi. Mrt aqfiya-t). 
Naphtha, *. ^ naf{. 
Napkin, s. &*j&* milirama-t (pi. 

«V maijarim); i J u * . a « minlaf 

(pi. cJUiU* man&if ) ; &? futa-t 

(pi. ty fuwat). 
Narci88U8, a. (£*** baihan ; y>;* 

narjis; u»*r) ranjis (Pers.). 
Narcotic, aaj., *. (*s** munim, mu- 

nayyim ; jJ^ak* mubaddir. 
Narrate, v. ea> rawa, yarwi ; o^ 

feaka, ya^M ; ^ qaaa, yaqu#a. 

Narration, Narrative, s. *4^ 
ljikaya-t; *-* qissa-t (j>1. U*-* 
qisas) ; Wjt) r iwrt ja-t ; ^^ fca- 

Narrator, «. ^j raw! (pi. ^ 
ruwat); ^^ baki ; JiU naqil; 
*±>.W« niuljaddis. 

Narrow, adj. <3*-* <Jayyiq (also in 
the sense of bigoted and avari- 
cious); tf* barij. 

Narrow, v. (contract) tjh* <Jayyaq, 
yucjayyiq; y* qassar, yuqassir.— 
(limit) »>J^ baddad, yuljaddid. 

Nasal, adj. J*\ anfi-y.^ 

NA8TINESS, *. &*^ wasaba-t ; &-W* 
najasa-t ; *A»A* fabisa-t. 

Nasty, adj. try wasib ; <j^ wabis ; 
£tAt bail*; /j ziiir. — (obscene) 
J^\i f afcis* ; ji) zifir. 

Natal, adj. ^^V^ miladi-y. 

Nation, «. W umma-t (pi. f\ 
umam); ^ milla-t (pi. JU 
mHal) ; ^tVL {ayifa-t (pi. U$ J. 
tawayif) ; »>M J*^ abl al-bilad; 
&«S qabiia-t (pi. J^W* qaba'il). 

National, adj. ^yy* 'amumi-y ; 

; 4 1 

-Vc *amm ; i^\ {j*l yabues at- 

Nationality, s. £*•£ qaumiya-t. 
Native, adj. (original) ^\ asli-y ; 

^U zati-y. — (referring to the 

place of birth) ^) wa^ani-y. 
Native, *. ^^ baladi-y ; ^ &\ 

ibn balad; <J*f" mutawattin; 

J*\ abli-y. 
Nativity, «. Ay maulid (pi. d\y 

mawalid) ; *%*• milad (pi. *^\y» 

Natural, od;. ^*± ta-bil-y ; Jb* 

talqi-JJ ^/ garizi-y; J*. 

jibilli-y ; <&-*?>> jauban-y.— 

(illegitimate) J^ banduq (pi. 

JK«>U} banadiq). 
Naturalisation, s. «^jM tablid. 
Naturalise, v. ^ ballad, yubal- 

lid ; jA>\ ablad, yublid. 

Digitized by 


V**-* AlkkWub fpl. ^u^ nitwit 

Na* <>«*, «//,,, *, ^* 2 jl 4tuT C>* 

NAl"<M¥ftf£««, *, v*^ & qj,iai 

NAu<Wfr, a///, ^>A AJin+m a/Jab; 

^ rtt-Ji-y f pi, k'} twhyh). 
Nauwka, #, v^l g*j waja' al-qalb; 

aauba-t { ^ v*J Jit'b naf«.— 
(ilimjuit) *J ; * qaraf, 
Nau«i«*u«, in//, ^yu muqarrif; 
cr ,AU\ <^W» mu'aliib aiwmfi; 

fyA* ^MllttWWftb. 

Nautical, Naval, <m(/. ^y nawA- 
Navw, *, (<»/' a church) &-** 1$++ 

Navwl, h. ^ Hiivm4 (iilj^Numr) ; 

*/k hujiw-t (j»l, ^ hujtu'). 
Haviuatw, v, >**M ^ yu wafar It- 

't-Mir, YiimUin j+A\ <*k> qa^* , 

aJ-Mir, vmiU'i y^\ s-A> mkih ' 

&)-Mm\ Y&rlak 

NAYiaXtt*** * ^\y U*W^Y ; g^ 

[intb 1 ; v« -*» ;ujilK. 

J^>» V7 A /J/ III. 



lazuu ; *^.L vajii, ;" *^- 4 3 U 
iiudci miiKiiu. 
SBCE«&uei, «. i-j2 JAeiie»-4 (pL 

f^y ili.WazilLy ; i«M^ Mjr-t (pj. 


V-«* f^qaii); t^^- muhtaj; 
i & £—~ maikm (pL c ^— masa- 
kin); triA* muilis (j>L ^-JVA- 
malalk; ; ^y*- 9U *lak ( pi. *yu* 
ffa'alik). ^ 

Necessitt, $, rf luzurn; Ajj-i 
4arura-t; j\^>\ idtirar; Usi\ 
iqtida. — (indigence) ftjte *aza-t ; 
/* iaqr, fuqr; A*Ufaqa-t. 
Neck, «. o~*i, ra<^aba-t (pi. s^U, 
riqab)j ^Afi «uaq, *unuq (pL 
jUu^ a'naq); ^. j£d (pi. j^. 
juyftd, *>W^ ajjad). 
NfiCKEliCHIEF, #. lj^\ i^^m mi^. 
raiua-t ar-raqaba-t (pi. ^t^* 
Necklace, «. ^L ^aaq (pi. jU| 
at^iij); *J&* qilada-t (pL j& 
4«i«TKi); ate mqd (pL oJVc 
•u»jua^: tf U* kmivian (pL ^*>U 
kanitiia^ ' 

XKvjcvotjLXcjtm. *. -a- fii^ir (pL 

imi»^:iiiWr4 jju y^b* zxca^abir) * 



zi. ^j**** 

tf J 


Digitized by 





ya'taz; J>\ t^ ifet&j ila, yah- 

**j 5 o^ jU\ i^tarr ila, yad^arr. 
Needful, adj. pfl lazim; ^jp* 

daruri-y ; <*-«&* muqta^a. 
Needle, s. $ ibra-t (pi. ^\ ibar) ; 

C*^ m in 9 ah ; l***** minsaha-t. 

— (of the compass) fla .., li l a . i AiJ\ fy)M 

al - ibrat al - magna^isiya-t. — 

(packing-needle) &~+ misalla-t 

(pi. jL-*» masall). 
Needle-case, 8. Sj*£* mi'bara-t (pi. 

^W mayabir). 
Needle-maker, s. j\i\ abbar; <^ 

Needless, adj. ffljtA gair lazim, 

Neeplessness, 8. g^ft.\ ^jlc 'adain 

ihtivaj ; Us*\ ^»xc 'adam iqtida ; 

j« &S qilla-t naf*. 
Needy, adj. gV^* muhtaj ; j<& 

faqir (pi. tytt f uqara) ; ^JliU 

muflis (pi. u-JU* mafalis); 

<;>*£-• *• maskin (pi. {+*&-* masa- 

Nefarious, adj. &tf karih ; 8^£* 

makrub ; £*-J qabih (pi. cW* 

qibah, ^W* qababa) ; £*!* sani*. 
Nefabiousness, «. £*<U*» sani'a-t 

(pi. #Ua &,nayi'); ***** qabi- 

ha-t (pi. ^W* qabayih). 
Negative, adj. ^U nafi; (JU* 

munfi ; ^sj&\ inkari-y. 
Negative , s. ,J& <^f» hart' nafi. 
Negative, v. j& nakir, yankar ; 

^ nafa, yanfi ; *> ; radd/yarudd. 
Negation, s. j&\ inkar ; Ja nafi. 
Neglect, v. ^ Ja± gafal *an, yag- 

ful ; J*te tagafal, yatagafal ; 

J*V tahamal, yatahamal ; J*a\ 

ahinal, yubmil ; Ja*S zahal, yaz- 

Neglect, Negligence, *. &a& gaf- 

la-t; JiWtagaful; jUaHhmal; 

J*le» tahamul. 
Neglectful, Negligent, adj. Jite 

gafil ; J-*$* muhmil ; jJ^W** mu- 

tabamil ; JaU zahil. 
Negotiate, v. (transact) ^o dab- 
bar, yudabbir; J*^ 'amal, yu- 

'aiiiil. — (bargain) f*te tajar, yu- 


Negotiation, *. ^ tadbir ; JUU* 

Negro, *. *y.\ aswad (pi. ^Wj- 

Neigh, v. J*-* sahal, ya?nal ; /*++** 

hamham, yuhamhim. 
Neigh, Neighing, s. Jj*e guhiil; 

^ ♦ ^ ♦ r* hamham a-t. 
Neighbour, s. jW jar (pi. ^^ 

Neighboub, v. j)W jawar, yujawir ; 

J-^ ittasal, yattasil. 
Neighboubhood, 8. j\y* jawar ; 

S;jW* mujawara-t ; J^ hawala ; 

o^y nawahi ; u\)*\ ifraf . 
Neither, arf/. j*1t 3 j j^\y\ 3 14 

al-wahid wa la al-ahir. 
Neither, conj. 3 ^ wa la. 
Nephew, «. (brother's son) £$\ ^\ 

ibn al-ah. — (sister's son) &\ 

<^-*S\ ibn al - uht (pi. ^\ 

Nerve, *. v— e <af ab ; ^-*c 'aeaba-t 

(pl.^ v»U»c^ a*?ab). — (firmness) 

«a>W* sibat, sabat ; s-1* Sy quw- 

wa-t qalb. 
Nerve, v. ^ qawwa, yuqawwi. 
Nervous, adj.^ (strong) ^ qawi-y ; 

^5*-^ 'a^abi-y. — (having weak 

nerves) * t <**&\ cJ^au. cja'if al- 

Nervousness, ». s-^«J\ cJbu da'f 

((Ju^) al-*a?ab. 
Nest, 8. (on trees) J& 'u&& (pi. 

v>^ 'i^).— (against a wall) fr 

wakr (pi. jtfj\ aukar).— (w ^ 

*and) ^^^ udhi-y ; iy»S\ udhu- 

Nestle, v. j*~l* 'a^sai, yu*aisi^; 

/j wakkar, vuwakkir. — (fondle) 

UW lataf, yulatif . 
Net, «. *£*a ^abaka-t (pi. **JleA 

Nether, adj. <J\x* tahtani-y ; Ja^ 

asfal, f. JLU sufla (pi. JiU asa- 

Nettle, s. ,yfyi qaris, qurrais ; &]*■ 

bariq (pi. ^i^ harqa) ; &yr>\ an- 

Nettle, v. (irritate) fy\ augar, 

yugir; ^At\ ag^ab, yug^ib. 

Digitized by 





Naturalist, a. **>L*«Jq}\ ^U> u^U 

'arif bi-'ilm a{-tabi'iyat. 
Nature, *. ***A {abi'a-t ; gj» Jab* 

(pi. #WL fabayi') . &^ jibilla-t; 

v*^* niasrab (pi. v»j^-* masa- 

rib) ; &\y mizaj (pi. &*yM amzi- 

ja-t). — (creation) ijte* halq ; ^j*j 

Naught, adj., *. ^ 5 la Se-y (v>2 

las) ; ^ U ma se-y ( J^U mas). 
Naughtiness, 8. s-»^ &* qillat 

adab; fyWj radawa-t. 
Naughty, adj. v»^ J*VS qalil adab ; 

«^ radi-y (pi. Vjj>j\ ardiya). 
Nausea, s. s-<i*N £*j waja* al-qalb ; 

s-JJM »>j*> dud al-qalb; JL*^ 

dauha-t; u~M s-«*l la*b nafs. — 

(disgust) *Jji qaraf. 
Nauseous, adj. uyu muqarrif; 

ijjjR s -J ** mu'allib an-nafs; 

ty*i yudawwah. 
Nautical, Naval, adj. <J\f nawa- 

ti-y ; iSf*. ba^ri-y. 
Nave, *. (of a church) Z ~**£ &**• 

sabn kanisa-t. 
Navel, *. ij~ surra-t (pi. j^ surar) ; 

Ifr. bujra-t (pi. fr. bujar). 
Navigate, v. j*J\ ^ j*U safar fi- 

'l-bafcr, yusafir; j^\ £* qa{a' 

al-bafcr, yaqta' ; j+J\ s-S; rakib 

al-ba^r, yarkab. 
Navigation, a. j+J\ /- safar al- 

babr ; j**H *+>?) rukub al-babr. 
Navigator, $. <J>\y nawati-y ; i^f* 

bafcri-y ; f* % £to qatta' ba^r. 
Navy, s. &*/*: ^U* *imara-t babri- 

ya-t; *t*y nutiya-t. 
NAY,a<ir. Dla; J* Ma bal. 
Near, adj. v^i qarib (pi. v»V 

qirab) ; s-*** jamb. 
Near, v. s^* qarib, yaqrab ; s^U 
qarab, yuqarib ; s^sA iqtarab, 
Nearly, adv. J^ » ilia qalil ; J ^ 

Jja lau la qalil. 
Nearness, *. v/ qurb. — (reJafioit- 
#*•/>) «M;* qaraba-t. — (atxirice) 
J*: bubl ; A-U*. basAsa-u 
Neat, <u{/\ J> naqt-y ; *-*•* na*if ; 

Neatness, «. fyto naqawa-t; &U* 

najafa-t ; &UJ latafa-t. 
Necessary, adj. is^y* <Jaruri-y ; pjS 

lazim ; s~*^ wajib ; do* J* 3 la 

budd min-hu. 
Necessary, a. &*p lazima-t (pi. 

fj\yJ lawazim) ; a*^ haja-t (pi. 

gj^ hawayij) ; i JXf * (Jarurat. 
Necessitate, •». ^\ alzam, yulzim ; 

j& qahar, yaqhar; tf*\ afcwaj, 

Necessitous, adj. ^** faqir (pi. 

^-JU fuqara) ; gU^* muhtaj ; 

(j^-^ maskin (pi. (j^L-* maaa- 

kin) ; {j~&* muilis (pi. u"**^* 

maialis) ; d}** su*luk (pi. ctXJUo 

Necessity, «. f$ luzum; l^ 

<j[arura-t ; ^j*±\ id^irar ; U&\ 

iqtida. — (indigence) *j^ 4 aza-t ; 

J* 1 aqr, f uqr ; &U taqa-t. 
Neck, *. o^ raqaba-t (pi. s^^j 

riqab) ; O-ifi *uuq, 'unuq (pi. 

jUis\ a'naq); ^e^ jid (pi. ^^trt- 

juyud, *>W^ ajyad). 
Neckerchief, *. &*>J\ &*y*+ mih- 

rama-t ar- raqaba-t (pi. fj^* 

Necklace, e. jyL (auq (pi. j\^»\ 

a(waq) ; iS& qilada-t (pi. <*$> 

qalayid) ; JJto *uqd (pi. oyte 

'uqud) ; t>\^ kardan (pi. ^t/ 

Necromancer, «. /^\- sahir (pi. 

^^^- suhara) ; )W- sabbar. 
Necromancy, *. j^~ sihr. 
Necropolis, $. (cemetery) &*&• 

niaqbara-t (pi. ^Vfc. maqabir) ; 

^i^» madfan (pi. ^J^ mada- 









Digitized by 





ya'taz; <J\ e^ . w 

Jtt ^La* idtarr ila, yadtarr. 

ifctaj ila, yafc- 
r j* lazi'm; ^^ 

^jtfU muqtatfa. 
5^\ ibra-t (pi. f\ ibar) ; 

Needful, adj. 

daruri-y r _ 
Needle, a. S^ * -. 

^j> minsah ; 3 ^a* minsaha-t. 

— (of the compass) &e~j***+^ fy^N 

al - ibrat al - magnatfsiya-t. — 

(packing-needle) &—*• misalla-t 

(pi. JUw« masall). 
Needle-case, *. 5^^ mi'bara-t (pi. 

^L* mayabir). 
Needle-maker, s. J^ abbar; <j#\ 

Needless, adj. pjl jt£ gair lazim, 

Needle ssn ess, *. gW^ f** 'adain 

ibtiyaj ; Uxi* ^jlc 'adam iqtida ; 

£tf ili qilla-t Daf. 
Needy, adj. t^*** muhtaj ; yt& 

faqtr (pi. ty** f uqara) ; ^^ 

muflis (pi. crtJ^* mafalis) ; 

<^SL^. maskin (pi. tft^— mas *- 

Nefarious, ad/. **/ karih; *yf" 

makriib; e*** qabih (pi. tW* 

qibah, ^W* qababa) ; g**» sani*. 
Nefabiousness, *. £**** sani'a-t 

(pi. £>Ua £anayi'); ***** qabi 

ha-t (pi. ciWi qabayih). 


Negative, arf/. o*^ n *^ » 

munfi ; e»W inkari-y. 
Negative, *. o" *-*;*■ barf nafi. 
Negative, v. & nakir, yankar ; 

^J* nafa, yanfi ; *>; radd, yarudd. 
Negation, s. }&>\ inkar ; J* nafi. 
Neglect, v. ^ J* gafal 4 an, yaff- 

ful; J*^5 tagafal, yatagatal; 


Negotiation, e. ## tadbfr ; &*\*+ 

Negbo, *. *>j-^ as wad (pi. ($\*y~ 

Neigh, v. J«* ?abal, yashal ; j»^»» 

baniham, yubambim. 
Neigh, Neighing, *. Jj«-» suhM; 

&»*.**. bambama-t. 
Neighboub, $. jW jar (pi, 

Neighboub, v. ;jV jawar, yujawir ; 

i ys\ itta$al, yatta$il. 
Neighboubhood, 8. )\p- jawar ; 

8;jV» mujawara-t ; ^Ny* bawala ; 

^y nawahi ; u\j*\ itraf . 
Neitheb, atf/\ /-IN * j a^yt 5 la 

al-waljid wa la al-ahir. 
Neither, conj. % j wa la. 
Nephew, «. (brother's son) £3\ ($$ 

ibn al-ah. — (sister's son) ^\ 

<**-*S\ ibn al - uht (pi. 

Nerve, s. v— e ' a $ab ; &*** 'a$aba-t 

(pi. v»V-ac^ a*9ab). — (firmness) 

sa>^j sibat, gabtit ; s-1* %y» quw- 

wa-t qalb. 
Nerve, v. ^y* qawwa, yuqawwi. 
Nervous, adj. (strong) ^y qawi-y ; 

{S ^oc 'a^abi-y. — (having weak 

nerves) s~«*N «"A?* ^ 4a*if al- 

Nervousness, *. s— «J\ «-Jbu (Ja'f 

(du*f) al-«a9ab. 
Nest, s. (on trees) jjlc 'us^ (pL 

^Ux *i^). — (against a wall) & 

wakr (pi. &\ aukar).— (i* £* 

sand) ^*\ udhi-y ; S^Jt nanu- 

Nestle, v. lA^ 'a&ai. -i-ri»ij . 


Digitized by 





Heutbax, adj. *> J j <*• J lima'- 
ha wa U 'ale-ho. 

NEUTRALITY, *. ^ £* S— «sH f»* 

^3»<ofc^ 'adam at-ta'asaab ma' 

ahad al-hatimic ; is£~ J tasawi. 
Never, <ufo. "W abadan; 1*t 

as Ian ; S=* qatt- 
Nevertheless, con;. «*W £• ma* 

New, aJ/. (not old) •**.*% jadtd (pL 

*>4* judud) » * % * ■ ■ »• mostajadd. 

— (not before known) ^.w. had is 

(pi. *±>\j*»\ abdan) ; gj* bad!' (pL 

£* bad 4 ). — (different) /A Abar, 

f. ^5^ uhra (pi. qj/A aharun, 

f-\ uhar). 
Newness, 8. *«H- jidda-t ; k^ jid- 

News, 8. y*» habar (pL jW*t ah bar) ; 

&j\- t>adina-t (pi. *&>*rija. hawa- 

dis) ; W> naba (pi. W>t anba). 
Newsmonger, 8. j***** mutahabbir. 
Newspaper, 8. hp** &j) waraqa-t 

babariya-t ; &*jte gazeta-t ; J^* 

Next, adj. (nearest in place) v»/^ 

aqrab ; J— •** muttasil ; (£-*/ 

qarin ; J^? tali. — (nearest in 

time) <jrt ati ; f*to qadim. 
Nib, *. (point) <^- sinn (pi. ^^ 

asnan) ; <j*\j ras (pi. u*/« 

ru'ug). — (beak) J&* minqar (pi. 

ja*U* manaqir). 
Nibble, v. yj>? qarcuj, yaqrid. 
Nice, adj. (accurate) l»j*-** madbut ; 

j^J^ mudaqqiq. — (dainty) J*oJ 

laziz. — (pleasant) t-AjJ lafif ; 

cJkt^k zarif ; Ukjai nazjf. 
Nicene88, Nicety, *. &*> diqqa-t. 

— (squeamishnets) *\j&£~\ istik- 

rah. — (delicacy) &\^ zarafa-t ; 

&UJ latafa-t ; Jrtb nazafa-t. 
Niceties, *. (0/ Me fa&Ze) <j~jte 

Niche, 8. jVL #q (pi. «yliVL {aqat, 

yVflel tfqan). 
Nickname, *. h^ kinaya-t; s-^ 

Nickname, v. s-d laqqab, yulaq- 

Niece, 8. (brother's daughter) 

&\ bint al-ah. — (sitter's daughter) 

ss**3\ %»*J9 bint al-oht (pi. ts>U* 

Niggard, adj., s. J«*: bahil (pi. 

\&. bohalA) ; i r& * hasis (pi. 

^L-* hisas, ^-±\ ahissa). 
Niggardliness, Niggardkess, s. 

J*: buhl, bahal ; X-L-^ hasa&a-t. 
Nigh, adj. s-i/ qarib (pi. v»V 

Night, s. JJ lail, lei ; AJ laila-t 

(pi. JU lival, JW5 layali). 
Nightingale, #. s-« J ^ * 'andalfb 

(pi. J»>^* 'anadil) ; &W jumla- 

na-t ; aytf nagara-t ; J-l* bulbul 

(pi. JA balabil, P«r».) ; j^ 

hazar (Pen.). 
Nightmare, s. ^^ kibus (pi. 

t.r-rf^ kawabis). 
Nimble, adj. ^Ai casit ; v^j raiiq ; 

33iS lazlaz. 
Nimbleness, s. U^i nasa^ ; ^^»j 

raiaqa-t ; W«iS lazlaza-t. 
Nine, a/J;. a««j tis'a-t, f. g-* tisa*. 
Ninefold, adv. u\**\ a«— 5 tis'a-t 

a^ 4 af. 
Nineteen, a^'. y*-& X«— I tis'a-t 

Nineteenth, adj. r±>* g-^ tasi* 

Ninety, Ninetieth, *. t^-<«-j 

tis'in (ey*-* tis'un). 
Ninth, a^;. g-^ tasi', f. ^*-Vf 

Nip, v. (pinch) ^f qaras, yaqruf. 

— (cut off) &i qa^a 4 , yaqfa' ; ^ 

qa??, yaquss. — (as frost) **X1a 

haiiak, yuhallik. 
Nip, *. u°/ qar8 ; &^S qarsaba-t. 
Nippers, «. u©^ miaras. 
Nipple, «. >si^ **k> halamat al-bizz. 
Nit, «. s^*}- su'ab ; ^^*y» su'aba-t 

(pi. fc)W£* si'ban, vulj?. sib&n). 
Nitre, s. »>j;WM ^JU milh al-barud ; 

jfjy biiraq, boraq (Pers.) ; ^^ 

Nitrous, arf/'. o»^ natruni-y. 
Nitty, acf;. ^W**» ^ zu siMn. 
No, adj. J»»U ^ wa la a^ad ; J^ U 

ma ahad. 
No, adv. 3 la ; 1^ 5 la abadan. 

Digitized by 





as-^urafa ; ££UJ\ (^W^ 

mamlaka-t; *\ft\ al- 

arkan ad- 



Nobility, 8. (nobleness) «*J ; * £araf ; 
M/ karama-t; kW* najaba-t; 
^W jalala-t. — (body of noblemen) 

a'yan al 
akabir ; 

Noblb, adj., 8. *JtyA sarif (pi. u\^>\ 
airaf, U^ £urafa) ; J~*\ a?il (pi. 
J>^ asayil) ; pif karim (pi. 
i*y kiram) ; J«J nabil (pi. hi 
nubala') ; s-**?* uajib. 
Nobleman, *. ub^ garif ; *>/ •**- 
say y id kariin (pi. j»y o\jL 
sadat kiram) ; ^ kabir (pi \p£ 
Nobody, s. ju^ U ma ahad; ^ 

^\j wa-la wahid. 
Nocturnal, adj. o y laili-y. 
Nod, «. S;U\ is&ra-t ; U^ ima ; Uj 

Nod, 0. <jH ^^ auraa ila, y&mi ; 
*~\j )* hazz ras-hu, yahuzz. — (be 
drowsy) <j~*i na 4 as, yan 4 as. 
Noise, *. (sound) s&>y° saut (pi. 
ssAyo\ aswat) ; L> — a. hass, hiss. — 
(clamour) £>j rajja-t ; ^W* 4 iya{ ; 
£M*gjiga-t; &Ua.'sarnata-t; l±yt 
gausa-t; &>j zaita-t; k*l laga*. 
Noise, v. ^J»^ ^awwa.4, yugawwis* ; 
C* dajj, yadijj. — (spread about) 
fl* sahhar, yusabbir; g^ asa 4 , 
Noisome, adj. (injurious) ; -«*-* 
mudirr ; J^ju mufsid. — (offen- 
sive) * j& 2~~* mustakrah ; &***• 
Noisomeness, 8. A~J fasad ; %>l~i\ 

if sad ; &U* natana-t. 
Noisy, adj. e^ dajj. 
Nomad, s. ^jtt Ja\ ahl al-wabar; 
J*5> naqil ; fl^ ^S qaura dalla-t. 
Nomenclature, s. Z * +~* > tasmi va-t ; 

t%»\ istilah. 
Nominal, adj. ^+~\ ismi-y ; ^Uc 

Nominate, v. ^+~ samma, yusani- 

111 * ; J*> j a'al , y a j 4 al . 
Nomination, *. 3 «»..~ > tasmiva-t ; I 

«xJa> taqlid. 
Nominative, a. gi> raf*. i 

| Non (in comp.\ pt gair; *iJ* 

'adiui ; f±* 'adam, as seen below. 
Nonage, s. JJ* sigar; yu sigar. 
Non-appearance, a. j?*^\ ft* 

'adam al-budur. 
Non-compliance, *. UjN ^oa 'adam 

ar-ridla; Jj*fiH ^j* 'adam al- 

Non-conformity, s. la\yA\ *jlc 

'adam al-muwafaqa-t ; wiUo^ in- 

hiraf; aUHlfcad. 
None, adj., 8. J»^ 3 la atiad; 5 j 

Jto-tj wa la wa^id. 
Nonentity, s. ^^ p±* 'adam al- 

wujud ; *>y*y ^ gair mauj&d. 
Nonpareil, adj. jj& *i U ma la-hu 

nagir ; JU* dJUma la-hu misal ; 

** o vuA 5 la §» n i (t&ni) la-hu; 
^ farid. 
Non-payment, *. q^\ p** 'adam 

ad-dat 4 ; U>2\ r j^ *adam al-ifa. 
Non-performance, s. \fA p** 

\adam ijra ; U^\ ^Afi 'adam imda. 
Nonplus, «. i^. hira-t ; (j^yt»T 

taswi^ ; ^lf bala^a-t. 
Nonplu8, y. ^j*. hiyvar, yuljayyir. 
Non-resident, adj. ^t- ^ gair 

Non-resistance, s. ^UJ\ ^ac 

( adam al - muqawama-t ; |*tc 

AxiUJ^ 'adam al-mudafa'a-t. 
Nonsense, 8. { yM^y t t {: y^S kalam 

min gair ma*na ; y\i±to hazayan. 
Nonsensical, adj. { y*+ j*k iy 

min gair ma'na; Ja«J\ aa <Judd 

al-'aql ; ^ ba^il. 
Nook, *. &>/ qurna-t (pi. jU 

qarani) ; ^ ruka (pi. ^ly 

Noon, Noonday, Noontide, a. ^W 

juhr (pi. ;^ azhar) ; kjfr zah- 

riya-t ; jty$\ *-&+> nief (nasf) an- 

Noose, s. ^ fahh (pi. e^ fihah) ; 

&W^ hibaia-t; *i/i sarak (pi. 

os^. suruk, *«3^ asrak) ; &Lfte\ 

Nor, conj. 3 ^ wa la. 
Normal, ad/. ^-»^ysJ\ v^V* muwa- 

fiq al- jawania ; ^5V^ suUm. 
North, «. JUa samaL 


Digitized by 





North, Northern, Northerly, 

adj. <jIWa 6amali-y. 
North-east, s. j>/» p JUa Carnal 

wa 6arq. 
North-pole, s. «^Ua s~3oi qu$b 

6am ali- y. 
North- star, *. JU-&N s-^/ kaukab 

Northward, adj., Northwards, 

Northwardly, adv. JU-aJ\ <J^ 

'ala 's-samal. 
North-west, $. v»^ j J^** Carnal 

wa garb. 
Nose, s. *-*^ anf (pi. **j\i\ anaf, 

*Jy>\ unuf). 
Nosegay, *. f) & *£*>* *\ &^ ^ &W 

baqa-t (rat ua-t, taikilat) zahar ; 

^yfcj Sj^ jurza-t zuhur. 
Nostril, 8. /&• manhar, minhir ; 

jU^» minhar (pi. /-U* manahir, 

^U» manahir). 
Not, adv. 3 la ; ^J lam ; ^ Ian ; U 

ma — (i7 w /iof) u~J laisa. 
Notable, acfy\, Notability, s.)#&" 

mas'hiir ; y~*+ mu'tabar ; <j^a-* 

jLa*!&\ mustahaqq al-i'tibar. 
Notarial, adj. & » < ^» 1 W v*y^* 

maktub bi-'l-matkama-t. 
Notary, 8. ^ h-*^ katib £ar'i 

(pi. v»^ kuttab). 
Notation, 8. ij&s tafkira-t; WU 

'alama-t; bj&\ isara-t. — (of num- 
bers) fa raqam (pi. pty arqam). 

— (of music) \*&\ )*&5 tanqij 

Notch, *. *)•> hazzat ; ^£ fanj. 
Notch, v. ^ hazz, yahazz ; y*. 

hazzaz, yuhazziz ; ^^ faracji, 

Note, 8. (mark) fjj raqam (pi. •&£ 

arqam) ; ,*— j rasni (pi. py~j 

rusum, *-*^ arsuni) ; M# 'ala- 

ma-t (pi. f&* 'alam, /^Jb «ala- 

yim) ; ^ 'alam (pi. f£e\ a'lam). 

— (memorandum) i^JS tafkira-t. 

— (account) *— **Vi qayima-t. — 

(renown) «^*-» sit ; j\&*\ i.4tihar. 

— (marginal remark) i**^ hfisi- 

ya-t (pi. o*V" hawasi) ; <J^U 

mulhaq. — (short letter) Sjfttf taz- 

kira-t (pi. fi& tazakir), — (musi- 

cal character) UaN 2Ub nuqtat al- 
gina (pi. t» nuqat). 

Note, v. (notice with care) Wl 
lahaz, yulahiz; ^ ;-J^ e^ 
am'an an-nazar fi, yam'in. — (set 
down in writing) iju^W a<J qay- 
yad bi-'l-kitaba-t, yuqayyid. 

Noteworthy, adj. \t**ii j ^- * 
mustahiqq al-i'tibar. 

Nothing, v. ^ 2 la-se-y ; <>S las. 

Nothingness, a. j^xc 'adam. 

Notice, *. (observation) ]* nazar ; 
&J*o>%» mulahaza-t. — (written 
remark) J^»^ taqyid. — (intelli- 
gence) p± habar (pi. J*±\ ahbar) ; 
Z-l j t* habariya-t. — (warning) 
y**">5 tad^ir. — (give notice) ^ 
daisar, yudaSsir. 

Notice, v. fc*^ lahaz, yulahiz ; ^ 
nazar, yanzur. 

Noticeable, adj. £WuH s- *t y z~+ 
mustaujib al-mulahaza-t. 

Notification, s. j&& tahbir ; J*±\ 

Notify, v. ^ habbar, yuhabbir ; 
p±\ ahbar, yuhbir; fis\ a 4 lam, 

Notion, s. ^ tasawwur; JW*- 
hiyal (pi. SLjA ahyila-t) ; /* 
fikr (pl.jVXi\ afkar) ; ^ zann (pi. 
yy& z"ni\n) ; (J*>) wahm (pi. 
f\*)\ auham). 

Notional, adj. o^^" hijali-y ; 
^j**) wahmi-y. 

Notoriety, Notoriousness, s. lj&* 
suhra-t; jM i^tihar; ; L«M 

Notorious, adj. )#&* ina^hur; 
^f* ma'ruf ; ^ zahir. 

Notwithstanding, conj. «eUJ J^ j* 
ma* kull zalik. 

Nought, s. ^ 3 la se-y ; sj& \kk. 

Noun, s. (*-\ ism (pi. U-^ asma). 

Nourish, v. (feed) «t>^* qat, yaqut ; 
^j) rabba, yurabbi; (**L\ at 4 am, 
yu^im. — (cherish) s-*> habb, va- 

Nourishment, s. «yy qiit ; ^UL 

Novel, adj. 51^ badi* (pi. £•*? 
bud*) ; ^ nadir, 

Digitized by 





Novbl, 8. &*i qissa-t (pi. yOoS 

qisas) ; lt\£** hikaya-t ; S^J^ 

Novelist, *. ^) raw? (pi. %s>\^ 

Novelty, s. $j»>^ nadira-t (pi. jjty 

nawadir) ; *«*.** badi'a-t (pi. g>\^j 

badayi 1 ). 
November, s. <jW &/** tasrin 

as-sani (at-tani). 
Novice, s. «W* talmiz (pi. S^% 

talamiz) ; ^J^ mubtadi. 
Novitiate, *. fcUl? taluiaza-t. 
Now, adv. va*SjN \±& haza-'l-waqt ; 

^ al-an. 
Now-a-days, adv. \**j> ^ fi yaum- 

Noway, Noways, adv. "Uiai qafan ; 

")U^ aelan (both preceded by 2 

Nowhere, adv. tf— ^ 1 la fi 

matrah; J^» ^ 2 j wa la fi 

mahall ; g*y ^ U ma fi mau<Ja' . 
Nowise, adv. "3u>\ aslan (preceded 

by S la). 
Noxious, ad/. y&* mu^irr ; ^U cjarr ; 

JuJU mufsid ; **U^» muhlik. 
Noxiousness *. j^ 4arar ; ly** 

Nozzle, *. *» tumm ; ^ fumm (pi. 

*\j>\ atwah, *Uit af mam). 
Nucleus, s. &ty nawaya-t ; ctJLs 

qalb (pi. v»^i qulub). — (founda- 
tion) f>\ umm ; J«^ as!. 
Nude, ad;. ^^ *ari ; ^W * 'uryan. 
Nudity, «. ^ja 'ura; hf 'urya-t ; 

Uj zalt. 
Nugatory, adj. J1»W bajil. 
Nugget, s. iytS tibra-t 
Nuisance, «. &a> 

makruh ; &.L.J wasaha-t 
Null, ad/\ Jt^j bajil ; <v* J*** 5 la 

yu'mal bi-hi ; g^a 5 la yaufa*. 
Nullify, v. JM ab^al, yubjil ; £~J 

nasah, yansah. 
Nullity, 8. ^Ma* bu{lan; flU* 

Numb, adj. (torpid) ^ hadir; 

(^\)**-^> hadran. — (with cold) 

jp*\ ij* s ^ Aob^* mutahassib min 

al-bard; tfi band. 

saqla-t ; *%**• 

Numb, v. »>;* barrad, yubarrid ; J***- 

haddar, yuhaddir. 
Number, s. *>j* 'adad (pi. jUI 

a'dad) ; *J* 'idda-t. — (figure) 

(f) raqara (pi. fty arqam). — 

(even number) g«j zauj. — (odd 

number) *y fara. — (number in 

poetry) <$fr wazn (pi. q\$ auzan). 
Number, v. J^ 'add, ya'idd ; ^-a*- 

hasa, yahsi ; s-*~*» kasab, yak- 
Numberless, adj. »>J^ <d U ma la-hu 

'addad ; ^**i 2 ^ j*> 3 14 yu'add 

wa la yu^aa (3 aor. pass). 
Numbness, *. ^ hadar; *yu- 

Numeral, s. jj* 'adad (pi. *\**\ 

adad) ; ^ raqam (pi. pty 

Numeral, Numerical, adj. ^J* 

Numeration, 8. j^j«? ta'did ; vA~*> 

hisab ; \*+\ iJjsa. 
Numerator, *. (o/ a fraction) l^y 

sura-t (pi. ^ suwar) ; )*~i bas^. 
Numerous, acy. Jk»Aft 'adid ; «^ 

kasir (katir) ; ^ wafir; Jiyh 

Nun, 8. &**\) rahiba-t. 
Nunnery, s. «^Wa^ ^j dair rahi- 

bat (pi. S^»> duyura-t, S^j\ ad- 

Nuptial, ady. ^--^ 'ursi-y. 
Nuptials, «. ^-^ 'urs (pi. <j*\fb 

a'ras); c/ farah (pi. cV^ af - 

Nurse, 8. &tfj* murabbiya-t ; &£*> 

daya-t ; i*U haddama-t. — (wet 

nurse) ^*-*y* murcji^t (pi. g*^/* 

mara^li' ; a^^a, ra^a'a-t. 
Nurse, v. (take care of) ^U dara, 

yudari. — (suckle) ****> mcj^at, 

turacjcjii 4 ; s****j\ arda'at, turdi*. 
Nursery, 8. (plantation) <j*;±* 

magris (pi. <j*j*~ magaris). 
Nurture, «. (food) **>y* qiit ; ^UL 

ta*am. — (instruction) ptfc ta'lim; 

&~if tarbiya-t. 
Nurture, v. (feed) «Ai qat, yaqftt ; 

C*L\ at*am,yut 4 im. — (educate) ?j 

rabba, yurabbi. 

Digitized by 





Nut, 8. )p- jauz ; Sw* jauza-t (pi. 

sa>\)j*. jauzat, )\f*\ ajwaz). 
Nut-shell, 8. )yt^\ ^Ai qisr al-jauz 

(pi. jy**i qusur). 
Nutmeg, 0. s«« m jj* jauz at;-t;ib ; 

V i3+ J auz bawwa. 


Nutriment, Nutrition, 8. 

qut ; J^ akl, ukl. 
Nutritious, Nutritive, adj. ^ 

niuqit ; ^sfi* muqawwi. 
Nux vomica, 8. JaN )y> jauz al- 



0, inter j. ^ yfi ; \q\ avyuba. 
Oak, 8. L^i ballu* (pi. W*i balAlit- 
Oaken, ad;. J^l* ballutf-y. 
Oakum, 0. jU** musaq ; &AlaN jU** 

mu£aq al-qalfafa-t. 
Oar, 0. ^AjAs miqdaf (pi. U^ jV^ 

Oab, v. *-*ju> qaddaf, yuqaddif. 
Oarsman, 8. u\js qaddaf. 
Oasis, s. cV^ alwat (pi. *>WjN al- 

wahat) ; «Jb, rif (pi. ^^ aryaf) ; 

i3*>\) wadi (pi. h^ audiya-t). 
Oat, 8. Q)\h)± sufan ; JU.1 hur^al, 

hartal ; ^\^ ziwan ; (^Uioyfc hur- 

Oath, 0. ^IaL. ^alfan ; &*h yam in 

(pi. <&>U*»i yaminat, ^W^ aiman, 

&+A aimun) ; (+~1 qasam (pi. 

f\~i\ aqsam). 
Obduracy, 0. 5^L-i qasawa-t; «>Uis 

'inad ; *yJ tamarrud. 
Obdurate, adj. tf+s* mutanmrrid ; 

^5-*^ qasi (pi. v&>l~i qusat) ; ***** 

'anid (pi. juc 'unud). 
Obedience, 0. . £*U» $a'a-t; **U^ 

ita'a-t ; «JW*tf inqiyad ; J^\ 

imtisal ; q\b<S\ iz'an. 
Obedient, a#. #U> taji'j £***• 

mutf' ; *>Uu* munqad. 
Obeisance, 0. \**\ in^ina; fyid. 

Obelisk, 0. &-*• misalla-t (pi. J^~* 

masall) ; J«* mil (pi. J^ am- 

yal, Jj** muyul). 
Obese, adj. ^«-*> jasim (pi. p^~ * 

jasam) ; ,«** <al?im. 
Obesity, 0. &«W jasama-t; p*A 


Obey,^ 1?. £& {&', yatf' ; g^ a^a% 
yuti* ; J jVs»\ inqad li, yanqad ; 
{$** za'in, yaz'an; (^S\ az'an, 

Object, 0. (thing) ^ se-y (pi. ^©^ 
asya) ; <ja^A sah? (pi. j**&\ 
a£hus, \j°f**> suhii?) ; )**+ man- 
jar (|>1. ■ ^kU*» managir) ; j&* 
magbar (pi. yfcUb* niazahir). — 
I (aim) •x-ai qasd ; *>j*fi* maqsud 
j (pi. .x**U* maqasid) ; Sly inurad ; 
j £)* *azam (pi. j^ *uziim) ; <J>jk 
gai-acj (pl« u*^ agrad). — (in 
I grammar) ** Jy 1 ^ mai 4 ul bi-bi. 

Object, v. \j*f*\ i'tara4, ya*tari4 ; 
<j6 ; U *ara4, yu*ari4; o* ^^ 
balaf fi, yubalif. 

Objection, 0. ijAjvA i 4 tiracl ; i*;U^ 
mu ( araqla-t ; UtU. bilaf. 

Objectionable, adj. <*)£***• musak- 
kik ; g-ft^ basT. 

Oblation, 0. ^y qurban (pi. e>**V 
qarabin) ; i^Jk» laqdima-t. 

Oblige, v. (force) pyft alzam, yul- 
ziiu ; s-^ gasab, yagsib ; ^5 
qabar, yaqhar. — (do a Javour) 
<J* ^ mann 4 ala, yamunn ; f*>\ 
aii'am, yun*im ; ~\>j*+" *)*► ja 4 al- 
hu mamnunan, yaj*al. 

Obliging, adj. ^^* s^^ ^ sajiib 
nia'ruf ; *-&£ lat;if ; ^iu*« niu- 
n*im ; f£* mukrim. 

Obligation, 0. (duty) s-**\j wajib ; 
Jf far* (pi. u*V fir&4 f ^/ 
fur^); &*jy fari(Ja-t (pi. u^V 
farayiiji). — (favour) &«* minua-t 
(pi. &*• mman) ; i**» nriua-t 
(pi. ^ ni'am) ; ^U*.^ i^saiL 

Digitized by 





Obligatory, adj. <jfJ fardi-y ; 

fj3 lazim ; s-**\j wajin. 
Oblique, adj. «*-* r ^» munharif ; 

J*U mavil ; s^j warib. — (in 

grammar) mj+" majrur; t>j*afc* 

Obliqueness, Obliquity, s. u\f*\ 

inhiraf; v>;j warb (pi. v>\)^ 

Obliterate, v. <j^* maha, yamhi ; 

£~* nasah, vansah ; «tU bakk, 

yahukk ; uJl {alas, y at las. 
Obliteration, «. j^* mahft; £~* 

Oblivion, «. g^*-* nisyan; SjU-i 

Oblitiou8, adj. gW-J nasyan ; ^j-i 

nasi-y ; V~J nassa. 
Obliviousness, 8. ly~i naswa-t. 
Oblong, adj. J j *s~— musta^il. 
Obloquy, *. ^ laum ; &*%• mala- 

ma-t (pi. tfy malawim) ; &•** 

zamuia-t ; £**♦* namiraa-t ; £gV*j 

Obnoxious, adj. {hurtful) }*• mu- 

4irr; a-JU mufsid. — (hateful) 

*)/*• makruh ; */ karih. — (liable) 

J***» muta^aminil. 
Obscene, adj. \J^^ fa^is; ft 

Obscenity, «. uW fahS; &a*.U 

fa^isa-t (pi. u^*-V fawafciS) 5 

&*&** fahsiya-t. 
Obscure, adj. (dark) (*** 'atim; 

^»^ mu'tim ; jjk* muzlim. — (not 

clear) fy*v mabhum ; <jl*~ mug- 

laq ; J£**« mu£kil (muskal) ; 

&» & ■&■- mudtabih. — (not known) 

Jj«** majhM; ^*)f" ;** gair 

Obscure, v. f&\ azlam, yuzlini ; 

^-*c 'attam, yu'attim ; f*-**\ 

a'tam, yu'tim. 
Obscurity, *. Wt zulina-t ; &*** 

'atma-t ; jy*i* daij&r (pi. p*^ 

dayajir). — (of meaning) p\&\ ib- 

hani; «W**»^ istibah ; ceX* sakk 

(pi. dj*± sukftk). 
Obsequies, 8. y**r* tajniz ; fijW 

janaza-t (pi. j*U> janayiz) ; jW 

jannaz (pl.yU* jananiz). 

Obsequious, adj. &>\± hacjii* ; &>\f" 

Obsequiousness, s. g^«- hucjiu* ; 
&\f tawadu'. 

Observance, 8. (respect) ^s\ i'ti- 
bar ; a^- hurma-t ; &Wj ri'aya-t. 
— (of a law or duty) W. fcafz > 
SU\^# mura'a-t. 

Observation, *. &o.!U mulahaza-t ; 
v>y>; ruqub ; &V»^ muraqaba-t ; 
j& nazar. — (comment) && *£ tam- 
biha-t ; J}* qaul ; pif kalatn. 

Observatory, 8. *y*S\jQ\ **y mar- 
sad al-kawakib ; *y*}\ &** bait 
ar-rasd (pi. «w^ buyiit). 

Observe, v. (watch) ^ ju$\ {$*+\ 
am 'an an-nazar fi, yum'in ; l*»-i 
lahaj, yulahi? ; xoj rasad, yar- 
sud ; *-r*i\j raqab, yuraqib. — 
(remark) j&\ azhar, y ajhir ; (^ 
bay y an, yubavyin ; ^ zakar, 
yazkur. — (keep) ^A*. ^afaz, yak- 
faz ; ^\) ra*a, yura'i. 

Obsolete, adj. d^f* matriik ; ^ 
^U gair sayir ; J » « ■ ? ■-* ^ gair 
muat*amal ; J^ battal ; ty-** 
mansuh ; &*+ mu^attaq. 

Obsoleteness, s. ^^ bu^laa ; ^ 
JU*s-5\ *adain al-isti*mal. 

Obstacle, *. g>U mani* (pi. &\y 
inawani*) ; j^jW *ayiq (pi. v>t^ 

Obstinacy, «. »>Ua *inad; «>jw ta- 

Obstinate, od/. J^ 'anid (pi. 
Aic 'uuud) ; Jo** mu'nid ; Jk>U^ 
mu'anid ; »yj^ mutamarrid. 

Obstreperous, adj. &\* 4»jj ; 5^/° 
sarsa' ; gl^*,. j a *ja\ 

Obstreperousness, 8. &l£ gaga-t ; 
i^-6 4ajja-t ; ^^ gausa-t ; ^j* 

Obstruct, v. Ju* sadd, yasudd ; &* 
mana*, yamna* ; j^ 4 aq, ya*(iq ; 
j^fi *awwaq, yu'awwiq. 

Obstruction, 6. &uU* muma- 
ria^a-t ; g*U mani* (pi. g*^ ma- 
wani') ; jiff ta*arru4 ; u*^\ 
i 4 tira4- 

Obstructive, adj. OM^ « a yiq ; jyw 
mu'awwiq; «iitU mulabbik. 

Digitized by 





Obtain, v. J^ nal, yanal ; ^ J-»» 
basal 'ala, yahsal ; ha^al, yu- 
Jiaesil ; «tU*ju^ i statu lak, yastain- 
Uk ; Jj*-^ istaula, yastauli. 

Obtainable, adj. Jj**H (£-£•"• 
murakin al-busftl; »—«*• muta- 

Obtrude, v. J*^ tadahal, yata- 

Obtrusion, s. &*\a+ mudahala-t. 
Obtrusive, adj. J^W inudahil. 
Obtuse, adj. (stupid) «JM*^ a^maq, 

f. Uu*. ^amqa (pi. ,>•** humuq, 

vjW ljimaq); ^ balid; u*f±* 

malt&s. — (a* an angle) $£** 

Obtusene88, 8. &U». hamaqa-t; 

l*h balada-t. 
Obviate, v. (meet difficulties) ^»> 

darak, yudarak ; djj*~»\ istadrak, 

yaatadrik. — (prevent) £** mana', 

yamna 1 ; j^ 'aq, ya'ftq. 
Obvious, adj. ^W bayin; &**• 

mubin ; y&^ zahir ; £**tj wacjilj ; 

C*-*j wacjih. 
Obviousness, s. £**? tawacjcjuh ; 

ty*y wu^fth ; £*-* (jiaha-t. 
Occasion, s. £*y fursa-t (pi. «t>Uy 

fursat, ^* furas). 
Occasion, v. w-j— sabbab, yusab- 

bib; Jl* 'allal, yu'allil. 
Occasional, adj. ^}& 'aricjti-y ; 

J*\#\ ittifaqi-y. 
Occasionally, adv. Z*fl\ £y») juc 

'and wuqu* al-f urea-t ; &xJ^ bi- 

's-eadfa-t ; "^^ ahyan-an. 
Occult, adj. ^j- sirri-y ; ^-^ 

gaibi-y ; ^ft^ hafi-y ; «^afc* muh- 

fa; ff&" maktfim; of** mak- 


OCCULTNE8S, 8. ^ ihfa ; ^ck\ 

ihtifa; j- sirr (pi. j\y— ^ asrar). 
Occupation, s. J*a gugl (pi. juM 

asgal); J±U5 tasagul; &UA-. 

ma^gala-t (pi. J*U* uiasagil) ; 

***-» sana'a-t (pi. gU© sanayi') ; 

&*• mihna-t (pi. (^ mihan) ; 

bf* l?irfa-t (pi. «J^. hiraf). 
Occupy, v. (fa/re possession of) **U* 

malak, yamlik; **U*J tamallak, 

yatamallak; «W ahaz, ya'fcuz. — 

(6w*y) J** saggal, yusaggil ; 
JaM a^gal, yusgil. — (employ) 
*~iyo saraf, yasrif ; ^J^s-\ istah- 
dam, yastahdim. 

Occur, v. (happen) J-». hasal, yah- 
sal ; vi>^a- hadis, yahdas ; ^j* 
jara, yajri; £* sar, yasir. — (be 
presented to the mind) aJV* o* W 
ja' fi Ml-hu, yaji' ; *3Vj ^ J3 
qam fi bal-hu, yaqiun ; J \*i 
bada li, yabdft. 

Occurrence, s. ^^ 'arid (pi. <j*jV 
'awarid) ; i**3W hadisat (pi. *i»o\^a. 
hawadis) ; &u\j waqi*a-t (pi. 
«yUi\^ waqi*at). 

Ocean, «. l4*^^ ^^^ al-bahr al- 
muhit ; u-y^*^ oqiyanus. 

Octagon, *., Octagonal, adj. (^u 

Octangular, adj. ^t^j (jU* ^ zu 
samau zawaya. 

October, s. Jp\ ^^aj ti^rin al- 

Ocular, adj. ^j-^f basari-y. — 
(ocular witness) ^J^fi *iyani-y ; 
jaU sahid. 

Oculist, *. JV^ kahhal. 

Odd, adj. (not even) *£ fard ; **yu 
mufrid. — (left over) *i\) zayid. — 
(strange) s-s^ garib; s~e*c 
'ajib ; ^5**^^ p* gair i'tiyadi-y ; 
S*> taq. 

Oddness, Oddity, s. ^\jt garaba-t ; 
**y tawat^ud. 

Odds, s. (variance) ufcuA ihtilaf ; 
aaJ^ muhalafa-t. — (advantage) 
&fl& galaba-t ; s-^*j tagallub. 

Ode, *. A--a» qasid (pi. ^^-a* qus- 
dan) ; $.**•* qasida-t (pi. J^e-«» 
qasid, J«^» qasayid) ; J)* gazal. 

Odious, adj. *«/ karih ; fi^« mak- 
ruh ; u^yu* mamqut ; va.^u ma- 

Odiousness, 0. a\ j ^-\ istikrah ; 
**y karaha*t. 

Odium, «. &aa* bug<Ja-t ; aa\^ kara- 

Odoriferousness, s. W» ^i; riljia-t 

Odorous, Odoriferous, ooy. ;U* 

Digitized by 





mu'attar ; ; -*- * «* rau'ambar ; 
py*^+ maimum. 

Odour, s. &*?) riha-i ; So*)) rayiha-t 
(pi. £>\p rawavih). — (fragrance) 
LSx 6ce)j rayiha-t zakiya-t ; &&)) 
&& raviha-t lafifa-t. — (perfume) 
s-^ tib " (pi. v>WM atvab); £* 
'i*r, 'ujr (pi. jj* 'utur).' 

Of, prep. &* min ; ^ <an. 

Off, adj. (distant) »au** ba'id. 

Off, prep, (away) ^ •***» ba'id 

Opf, interj. t) ruh ; <j*~A im£i. 

Offal, 8. wu saqa{ (pi. L\&*\ 
asqat) ; 2jj& 'af£a-t. 

Offence, s. (injury, insult) (^*** 
ta'addi ; k& aziya-t ; )j* darar ; 
by** madarra-t; £U zilla-t. — 
(displeasure) S/e 'asra-t. — ( fault) 
s-** 'aib (pi. v»^ 'uyub) ; VLt 
ha^a; s-*_jJ z\mb (pi. s^*** 
zunub) ; ;^» qusur. 

Offend, v. <J& ^J^* ta'adda' 'ala, 
yata'adda ; ^\ azza, yu'azzi ; 
aza, yuzi ; L. sjV, yasu' ; J^ ^-\ 
asa ila, yasi' ; y* darr, yadurr. — 
(transgress) Jw ah{a, yuhtf ; 
Jj zall, yazill. 

Offensive, adj. otXCi^ musakkik ; 
t)j£" makriih ; y*+ mudirr ; ±~*+ 
mufsid. — (as a weapon, &c.) 
^jasU li-'t-ta'addi. 

Offensivene8S, s. l*>\£ karaha-t ; 
5\^x-\ istikrah. 

Offer, *. j\/l\ i'raci ; ^f 'urud ; 
pi±B taqdim. — (price) &+£ qi- 

Offer, v. p<& qaddam, yuqaddim ; 
J jbf <arad li, ya'rucf; Vc ji,f\ 
a'rad 'ala, yu'rid ; <j<m>\ ahda, 
yuhdi. — (as a sacrifice) s-y qar- 
rab, yuqarrib (aU li'llah); $* 
zabah, yazbah. 

Offering, s. ^j» qurban (pi. c^V 
qarabin) ; &**ss taqdima-t. 

Office, s. (employment) &*a± hid- 
ma-t ; &-ij wazifa-t (pi. <-k&j 
wa^ay if) ; «t««*« inansab (pi. 
s-**^-* manasib) ; J*c 'amal (pi. 
JUc\ a'mal). — ( place of business) 

s-*x&« maktab (pi. s-*^£* maka- 
Officer, s. &a^ s-**-U sa^ib wazt- 
fa-t (pi. U^ v»^ as^ab 
wazayif) ; s-*~ *• ^~*Xo sa^ib 

mansab ; 


(military commander) v~ij raw 

(pi. \~*% ru'sa). 
Official, adj. f^^\ &+ a» ^U* 

munada bi-hi min al-hukm. 
Officiate, v. a*a^ J«^ 'amil wa- 

gifat-hu, ya'mal. — (in church) 

<j*.tf qaddas, yuqaddis. 
Officious, adj. (intermeddling) 

Ja.\ju» mudahil. 
Officiouiness, s. &s*W muda- 

Offino, 8. <J***N al-'amiq. 
Offspring, *. <*ty aulad (pi. of ^ 

walad) ; h^ zurriya-t (pi. c5j^ 

zarari) ; jli nasi (pi. JU-M an- 

Often, Oftentimes, adv. "ty/» 

miraran ; 8^^ j\^\ amrar ka§i- 

ra-t ; 1^» kasiran ; U "^^^ 

kasiran ma. 
Ogre, s. c^yto 'ifrit (pi. ct^Uc 

'afarit) ; Jj* gul (pi. ^S^ gilan). 
Oil, 8. entj zait, zet. 
Oil, v. ct*>yW ^^ dahan bi-'z-zait, 

yadhun ; dahhan, yudahhin ; 

o*>3 zayyat, yuzayyit. 
Oil-cloth, s. g » A >* mu^amma'. 
Oilman, «. «w^j zayyat; jUc *as- 

Oily, adj. ^Jfi) zaituni-y. 
Ointment, s. ^yfe*> duhun; p*y 

raarhara (pi. ^/* marahim). 
Old, ad/, (aged) j±>**»\ ihtiyar (pi. 

Aj ; Uas.\ ihtiyariya-t) ; j^^ 'ajuz ; 

&~& vj* &*^° ta'infi-'s-sinn; y*4 

kabir; y^\ yȣ kabir al-'umr; 

(;j— ^ musinn. — (an old man) &A 

6aih (pi. tye* suyuh, £ite»» ma- 

^ayih). — (ancient) (*»<& qadim ; 

jk^ 'atiq (pi. J^c 'itaq, Vaxc 

Olden, adj. +><& qadim. — (in olden 

time) y yoti\ UtfLi ^ q\*}\ ^Ji ^ 
(jj^S^ fi qadim az-zaman wa salif 

al-'asr wa-'l-awan. 

Digitized by 





Oldness, b. (antiquity) &* 'utq. — 

(old age) l±f* s ~3A\ ai-£aihuba-t. 
Olive, *. yft) zaitun ; &y»j zaitu- 

Olive-tree, 8. ^^t) $;>* 3ajara-t 

Omen, s. JU fal (pi. JV fu'ul, 

jyi aful) ; &>t anfa-t. 
Ominous, adj. fj*"*"* mai'um (pi. 

,•&£*• raaiayiin) ; u*y*+* man- 
Omission, 8. po~ sabu ; *s)y tark ; 

JUa^ ibmal; J*la* tahamul ; 

JiVAJ tasraful. 
Omit, v. (have out) df tarak, yat- 

rak ; *-*«**. bazaf, yabzif ; ^\ 

alga, yulgi. — (forget, neglect) 

^5-i nasa, yansa; <$* Ja* gafal 

'an, vagful ; JAVA? tagafal, yata- 

gafal; J^V tab&mal, yataba- 

Omnipotence, 8. Sj^i qudra-t ; S^aS 

&<X qudrat kulliya-t; **>#** ja- 

Omnipotent, adj. ^ J* ^ ^ 

qadir 'ala kull ie-j. 
Omniscience, 8. &<SS & ; «* ma'rifa-t 

Omniscient, adj. s-**aJ^ ^Vc 'alim 

al-gaib ; ^ic 'alira ; (ib*\ a'lam 

(wAo knows best). 
On, ^?rep. jj* fauq ; ,J& 'ala. 
On, adv. (forward) ^Ji J^ ila 

quddam. — (without ceasing) h 

$* bi-la futur; gVLart ^ bi-lft 

Onanism, 8. VjuaJ istimna. 
Once, adv. (a single time) ly *£ 

fard marra-t ; *S^» marratan ; 

"fi^UJ taratan ; '£_***> daf'atan ; 

"I^a. batratan. — (in former time) 

'VajL. sabiqan; utfUtt ^* fi-'s- 

salif ; "Ua&* muqaddaman. 
One, adj. ^j wahid, f. Sj^j wahi- 

da-t; ^ abad, f. <^**»\ ibda. 
One another, pron. "U** </** ba'd 

Onerous, adj. s-*s* mut'ib; J*5» 

saqil ; *-r-*-° sa'ib. 
Onion, a. J-* basal ; &*? basa- 


Only, adj. J^j wafcid ; <ty farid ; 

•>yu mufrad. 
Only, arfv. t«* fa-qat. 
Onset, Onslaught, s. f^V* hujum ; 

&♦*. bamla-t. 
Onward, adj. (*<&• inuqaddam. 
Onward, Onwards, adv. p^ <J\ 

ila quddam. 
Onyx, s. £)* jaz*. 

Ooze, 8. (slime) (^{in; J^j wabl. 
Ooze, v. e*; ra^ab, yartah ; e*/ 

tara^sab, yatara^sah. 
OPACiTt, Opaqueness, s. &&& gil&- 

za-t ; &♦& zulma-t ; A*UjlJ\ ^ac 

'ad am ai-safafa-t. 
Opaque, adj. *-*Vaai j+t gair saff&f ; 

Li* galiz ; (&+ muzlim. 
Open, adj. (not closed) t?*~ maf- 

tuh ; s->y±£+ raakSiif. — (free to 

all) pVc 4 amm ; ^y+* 'amumi-y ; 

^JU 'alani-y. — (frank) j*>U 

sadiq ; u*U* mublis ; ^V* 9 afi. 
Open, v. £** fatah, yaftah ; fattafc, 

ynfntt : b. — (disclose) ^ft>\ azbar, 

yugbir; <-&-*^ kaiaf, yaksif. — 

(begin) ^ £;* ^ara' fi, ya^ra* ; 

J*^ ja'al, vaj'al; ^ bada, 

yabda ; ^J^ ibtada, yabtadi. 
Opening, 8. (hole) £& fath ; £*** 

fatba-t; Jr^ barq (pi. j^ 

huruq) ; s-^ naqb. — (beginning) 

)* badu; \***\ ibtida ; t^^ 

Openness, *. J** sidq ; SjVa* gafa- 

Opera, s. «l>^ j»> j Vj^ <M s--^ 

mul'ab fi-bi gina wa daqq &l&t. 
Opera-glass, s. S^« minzam-t. 
Operate, v. J** 'amil, ya*mal ; J** 

fa'al, yaf*al ; /^ assar, yu'assir. 
Operation, s. J^^ 'araal ; J«i fi'l ; 

j-j>tf ta'sir. — (q/" an army) Kf± 

Operator, s. (surgeon) cV* j arr »b. 
Opiate, 8. sjy^ ^>** ma*jun 

Opine, v. (^ gann, yagunn ; £* 

fakar, yafkur ; w ^o- hasib, yab- 

Opinion, s. ^ gann (pi. ^^i 

gunftn); i/\) r&'i (pi. ^ ara) ; 

Digitized by 





#*•*■ tahmfn; /A fikr (pi. Jta\ 

afk&r) ; v**-** mazhab. 
Opium, *. yyeft afyun. 
Opponent, 0. «JtfW« muhalif ; p*** 

hasm (pi. fU^\ ahsam); ,•*-&* 

hasim (pi. U-* husama) ; u*>^** 

Opportune, adj. «J*V* muwafiq ; 

OM^ mu^abiq ; <j-i^ layiq ; 

s-^-l** munasib. 
Oppobtunity, s. ty fursa-t (pi. 

«*Uji fursat, v/»y furas); o*Sj 

waqt (pi. «wVs^ auqat). 
Oppose, v. otfU. halaf, yuhalif ; ^ 

dadd, yadudd ; Su ^add, yu- 

4add ; ,j6^> ta'arrad, yata'arracj ; 

^f*\ i'tarad, ya'taricj; o*-*^ 

naqad, yunaqi^. 
Opposite, adj. (in front of) J*U* 

muqabil; *V tajah ; ^ l^izk\ 

— (contrary) cJLj W* muhalif ; 

j&*» munaqid. 
Opposite, s. j^ dudd, didd (pi. 

*\±*\ alidad) ; it%L hil'af ; J~& 

Opposition, *. (being opposite each 

other) *k\&+ muqabala-t ; &&\y 

muwajaha-t. — (resistance) &*^Ju» 

mudafa'a-t ; £*jU* muqawama-t ; 

foj\*+ mu'arada-t ; &J^ muha- 

lafa-t. — (contrast) S»>U* mudad- 

da-t ; £-&iU* munaqada-t. 
Oppbess, v. (J± zalam, yazlim ; j$ 

qahar, yaqhar ; ^ dam, ya^im ; 

<J*jW jar 'ala, yajur. 
Oppbb8sion, s. (cruelty) f& zulm ; 

£4!&* majlama-t (pi. ^U^ maza- 

lim) ; jf* jaur ; p qahr ; ^J*? 

ta'addi ; ^ jabr ; f*~& <Jaim. — 

(depression of mind) \jy sauda ; 

f>& gamm (pi. f>p& gumum) ; ^ 

Oppressive, adj. ^^ zulmi-y ; 

i3j& qahri-y. — (as heat, &c.) 

J^JA Sadid. 
Oppressiveness, s. Sja 4idda-t. 
Oppressor, s. ,J& zalim (pi. Ut 

zalamat) ; f&* (Ja'im. 
Opprobrious, adj. £&• niufdib ; 

j^» muzimin ; py±" mazmum. 
Opprobrium, s. J* *ar ; W *fc> fa4i- 

fca-t ; v** 'aib (pi. s^j«* 'uyub) ; 

f*3 zamm. 
Oppugn, v. g*U dafa', yudafi' ; 

♦JtfW- halaf, yuhalif. 
Optic, adj. isy* basari-y. 
Optician, s. J*A\ «yS\ g>U gani* 

alat an-nazar. 
Optics, s. qf**\ )* > jyA\ **f" 

ma'rifa-t an-nur wa nazar al- 

'uyun ; S^U*^ ^ 'ilm al muna- 

zara-t ; y+£\ (M *ilm al-basar. 
Option, *. 5^ hira-t ; J*x*\ ihtiyar ; 

v>U^ intihab. 
Optional, adj. <4^**^ ihtiyari-y. 
Opulence, s. ^^fe gana; JU mal 

(pi. J\y\ amwal) ; ^»> daula-t ; 

irf sarwa-t ; »W» jah (Pers.). 
Opulent, s. ^ gani; JU ^ zu 

mal ; Sjy ^** zu sarwa-t. 
Ob, conj. $ au ; ^ am ; i^ wa ilia ; 

^ ya. 
Obacle, 0. o^; ^^^i (pl« **P*y 

aubiya-t) ; s-^*J^ Uk5lA hatif al- 

Oral, adj. ^^ badisi-y. 
Obanoe, s. tffi naranj ; ^f taranj ; 

fcVaty burtaqana-t. 
Oration, «. &<^ hufba-t (pi. s-i* 

hu^ab) ; vAk*» hitab ; ^ kalam. 
Orator, s. W** ha^ib (pi. W*«- 

Oratorical, ad;. ^^^ hu^bi-y. 
Oratory, s. ^-V<oi fasaha-t; &^ 

balaga-t ; j^3^ ^i* 'ilm al-kalam. 

— (a place for prayer) ^J*+ mu- 

Orb, s. S^ kura-t; {y+ jirm (pi. 

rj * jurum, f»^ jurum, f\y*\ 

ajram); S^»> dayira-t (pi. ji\y> 

dawayir) ; ^ daur. 
Orbicular, adj. ^ A a w mustadir. 
Orbit, *. ^^»> dawaran; ^*> daur 

(pi. j^»>\ adwar) ; i»* daura-t.— 

(of the eye) &*& «^<rf bait al- 
*ain ; <j**&\ w-*^ waqab al-*ain. 

Orchard, s. ^V^-^ bustan (pi. ^e*W 

Orchestra, s. (place) &*}& £*y 
mauda* an-nauba-t; aJ^ £*y 
mauda' al-ala-t. — (body of per- 
formers) m\ al-'ala-t ; IjW al- 


Digitized by 





alatiya-t ; *-**»yN an-naubati- 

Obdain, v. (appoint) y** 'ayyan, 
yu'ayyin ; J«* ja'al, yaj'al ; fW 
aqam, yuqiui. — (decree) f>\ a mar, 
ya'mur ; <£*> hakam, yah turn. — 
(institute) £*j wada', yada' ; j*\ 
aqarr, yuqirr. 

Obdeal, s. gW*^ imtihan; hfr 
tajriba-t (pi- y^r tajabir). 

Obdbr, s. (methodical arrangement) 
s-*Sv tartib; ^a tangim ; fU* 
nizam ; ****** tadbir ; v>^ uslub 
(pi. s-JU asalib). — (command) 
jA anir (pi. **ty awamir) ; ^^ 
^ukm (pi. ^^L\ ahkam). — (rank, 
class) tej rutba-t (pi. s->; rutab) ; 
&*>/• martaba-t (pi. s-^/» mara- 
tib) ; **;♦> daraja-t (pi. tj* daraj) ; 
&*!» tabaqa-t (pi. «y^*L {abaqat). 
— (fraternity) hy*»\ uhwiya-t ; 
&**&) rahbana-t. 

Order, v. (regulate) s-*>j rattab, 
yurattib; ft nazam, yangim ; 
nazzam, yuaazzim ; ji** dabbar, 
yudabbir. — (command) y*\ amar, 
ya'inur; y\ amar, yumir; **j\ 
arSad, yurSid. 

Orderliness, «. (regularity) fN* 
nizam ; W-* <Jab{ ; s-**/ tartib. — 
(good conduct) & »A r* hismat ; 
pU*sa.\ ibtisam. 

Orderly, adj. (regular) (&** mu- 
nazzam ; fjk** manzum ; Ly*±» 
macjbut. — (well - behaved) 
lj^J\ hasan as-sira-t ; j)fc*»^ 
hamid al-ahlaq ; v»^V* mu 'ad- 
dab ; v5*>^ hAdi ; ^j*-**- hi^mi-y. 

Orderly, «. (sergeant) ^aAj ^ on 
bail (2W&.). 

Ordinal, adj. (j«y tartibi-y; 
^^ nizami-y. 

Ordinal, *. s-ts>/N *>J^ 'adad at- 

Ordinance, s. (law) £j* Sar' ; ***;* 
sari'a-t (pi. &\j± iarayi') ; ^yVi 
(pi. (^*V qawanin). — (regula- 
tion) 5jlcU qjVida-t (pi. J^V 
qawa'id) ; &*U (Jabi^a-t (pi. Wy 
(fawabit) ; y-W* qiyas. 

Ordinary, adj. (usual) ^W*^ 

i'tiyadf-y; ^Ljsh* mu'tad; y^- 

sayir ; imS *~j rasmi-y. — (low) <J* 

dani-y ; ir*-"* basis ; «Jfc* haqir 

— (no< handsome) £•** baii* ; c«3 

Ordination, s. S*\~j rasama-t ; ^-; 

rasm; f\~5j\ irtisam. 
Ordnance, *. (artillery) &&r.£ tob- 

Ordure, s. £•** wasah (pi. fcV-j\ 

ausah) ; *-*X-j wisaha-t ; ^r^ 

najas ; &-W* najasa-t ; &W) zaba- 

la-t ; y. hira. 
Ore, s. p\± &**+ ma'din ham ; ^J^* 

*rAf* tjli* ma'din mahlut bi- 

turab (pi. 0*>'^» ma'adin). 
Organ, *. ®\ ala-t ; y^ 4 adu (pi. 

tic\ a' da). — (musical instrument) 

&±j\ argan, argun (pi. ^^ ara- 

Organic, atf;'. ^j-* 'adwi-y ; s-*r* 

murakkab ; ^U* nizami-y. 
Oroani8M, s. •>— ^ jasad (pi. *>U-^\ 

ajsad) ; s-^» ^— ^ jasm murak- 
kab (pi. fl — . i»\ ajsam, (* y >■» 

Organist, *. (performer on the 

organ) ^^\ J^*> daqqaq al- 

Organization, s. s-^> tarkib; 

s-ts»y tartib; ^a? tadbir; j»Utf 

Organize, 0. ^» nazzam, yunaz- 

zim; s-^; rakkab, yurakkib; 

vy tarrab, yutarrib ; ^*> dabbar, 

Oriel, «. (bay-window) &>)) rau- 

ian, roian (pi. e^*^ rawaiin, 

Orient, adj. JjUi iariq (pi. j^ 

Surq); ^ taU« (pi. ^ *a- 

Orient, «. j^ui\ J±$> ar4 al-ma4- 

riq ; Jr^^ *>^ bilad as-iarq ; 

L£yiA\ fal\ al-aqt«r ai-.<arqiya-t. 
Oriental, adj., s. ^r* sarqi-y. — 

(Oriental countries) Jj^* maia- 

riq. — (Oriental people) J^ J*^ 

ahl a4-£arq; iy»\jl)\ ai-iaraqi- 

Orientalist, 0. j ^U3^ ^ %j^U 

Digitized by 



LJjJJ\ ^>W\ < a rif fi-'l-alsan wa- 
'1-adab a£-saraqiya-t. 
Oeipicb, a. (J furam, famm (pi. 
*\f\ af wah, fUi\ af mam) ; &*a> 
guqba-t (pi. s-** guqab, guqb) ; 
£^s* fat^a-t. 
Origin, s. J*t asl (pi. J^ usul) ; 
&*• mamba* (pi. #U* manabi') ; 
\±f mabda (pi. ^W* mabadi') ; 
j±*» masdar (pi. ^*>U* masadir). 
Original, adj. JM aeli-y ; gt*** 

badi' ; jj\ a wall- y. 
Original, s. J-\ asl (pi. Jy\ 
usul) ; A^-i nusha-t (pi. £~i 
nusah). — (odd person) && nuk- 
Originality, *. &«*J¥ badi'a-t. 
Originate, v.a. £.** bada', yabda* ; 
£±*i\ ibtada', yabtadi' ; 0/ kaw- 
wan, yukawwin ; n. ^ ^ sadar 
min, yasdur; g*J naba', yambi', 
Obigination, 8. *>WJ ijad; fyj* 

suru* ; &y& takwin. 

Obnament, 8. &y zina-t; j^ 

zawaq ; Q*. ^ilya-t (pi. J*. 

fcila). ^ 

Ornament, v. ^\j zan, yazia ; ^j 

zayyan, yuzayyin ; ^j zawwaq, 

yuzawwiq; u^j zahraf, yuzah- 


Ornamental, ai/. ^j* muzayyin ; 

*-*]*»y muzahrif. 
Ornate, adj. yiy muzayyan ; g*j* 

muraesa* ; *-*y±y mu zahraf. 
Ornithology, s. jp&\ q\*L tj* 
sarlji tabayi* at-{uyur ; jp&\ to,** 
ma*rifa-t at-Juyur. 
Orphan, s. ^ yatim (pi. ^-b* 

yatama, fV^ aitain). 
Orphanage, s. f>\si$\ *a»& bait al- 
aitam ; ^U^N JU«-t isbital al- 
Oethodox, adj. (Mohammedan) 
f* t *- ~ -~* mustaqim ; [$+y mumin ; 
fk~* • muslira; jA* sadiq. — (in 
a general seme) ^j-Sjy^ ortodok- 
8i-/ ; vJ^H ^>oU &\y muwafiq 
li-'d-dia al-haqq. 
Oethodoxy, 8. *X*\ islam ; v>V> 
i&4\ sawab ad-din; y*d\ v3^ 



sidq ad-din; &*~&x>^ ortodoksi- 

IfQ f 


Orthoepy, a. c*^*N WLsN at-talaf- 

fuz. as-sahil}. 
Orthographical, adj. { JXA im- 

Orthography, 8. M imla; W* 

**U*N <Jabt al-kitaba-t; k*R ^ 

rasm al-haft. 
Oscillate, v. yy hazhaz, yuhaz- 

hiz ; >*je» tahazhaz, yatahazhaz ; 

&rj\ irtajah, yatarjih ; ^.^ ta- 

marjah, yatamarjah. 
Oscillation, 8. iyty* hazhaza-t (pi. 

y\y*> hazahiz) ; cW^ irtijah. 
Osier, 8. <^U/u ^afsaf. 
Ossuary, 0. (a charnel house) 

^U-£-s* hasha^; ^U^&- haiha- 

Ostensible, adj. y*\l zahir; ^ 

yughar (3 aor. pass. iv.). 
Ostentation, Ostentatiousness, 

s. fk& tafahhur ; j^xA if tihar ; 

^ fahr; 4a^ jahha-t; SUW^ 

Ostentatious, adj.ja&+ mufahhir; 

ja&&+ muf tahir ; ^Ui faisar. 
Ostler, s. o^U sayis (pi. i-U 

sasa-t, <j*W- siyas). 

OSTLERY, 8. JAi* funduq (pi. JjU 

fanadiq, 7ravBo\€iov). 
Ostrich, s. fU* na^am, ^U> na'a- 

ma-t (pi. ^U* na*ayim). 
Other, orfj. ^ ahar, f. \f>\ uhra 

(pi. e>>/^1 aharin, p\ uhar, ^JW 

uhara) ; jt± gair. 
Otherwise, adv. (tn a different 

manner) J£* ^ gair slkl ; pt*l 

^ bi-gair wajh. — (else, if not) 

M y wa ilia ; ^ (jj^ wa in lam. 
Otter, *. Ul^ s-J^ ga*lab al-mi 

(pi. w-JW ga^alib, JW ga'ali) ; 

UJ\ v^ kalb al-ma (pi. s^U 

Ought, v. <jfe3 (^^ kan layiq, ya- 

kiin ; q\ yfc dji s-^>V^ al-wajib 

ale-hu hii ann ; f^\ iltazam, 

Ought, s. (anything) ^ &e-y (pi. 

W^\ asya) ; ^j* ^uwai-y (dim. of 

^ se-y). 

Digitized by 




Ounce, «. &*•) waqiya-t ; l££ oqi- 

ya-t (pi. j\j\ awaq) ; ti\ uqqa-t. 
Oub, adj. ^ na, affixed to a noun, as 

" our hooks," L^*s£ kutubna ; 

UcU* mata'-na; U1U nial-na ; 

^d. haqq-na. 
Oub8, adj. UJ la-na. 
Ourselves, pron. U»yU j { ^ nahnu 

Oust, v. *jl> tarad, yatrad; e/U 

ahraj, yuhrij. 
Out, adv. g ; U> harij ; \j barra. 
Out of, prep. <$+ min ; ^ \j barra 

Out (in composition with verbs to 

express superiority). See Out- 
Outbalance, v. gtj rajah, yarjah ; 

C*/ tarajjah, yatarajjah. 
Outbid, v. ^J* &eU*3\ yu. S\\ zad 

si'r al-bada'a-t 'ala, yazid; *$ 

zawwad, yuzawwid. 
Outbbeak, Outbubst, *. y\+**> 

hayajan; ($\tf sawaran; tj/- 

Outcast, s. t}}— matriih; *^* 

matriid; { J** manfi-y ; Sytf nif- 

Outcry, e. cW* siyah ; tfy sarah ; 

&T* sarha-t ; t^ 'iyaj. 
Outdo, v. J^ jU faq 'ala, yafuq ; 

s-^ galab, yaglib (both with s-> 

bi, or an adverbial accusative). 
Outdoob, adj. i***J\ ty\± harij al- 

Outeb, adj. e>U. harij. 
Outebmo8t, adj. ^^ aqsa, f . \y& 

qaswa (pi. ^\j\ aqasi). 
Outfit, s. jW jahaz (pi. ly&A ajhi- 

za-t); Sj* «udda-t; f)\f lawa- 

Outfit, v. ^ jahhaz, yujahhiz; 

**t a'add, yu'idd ; rfjfi {*<& qad- 

dain al-lawazim, yuqaddim. 
Outgoing, *. (expenditure) e>*- barj 

(pi. eV"^ ahraj) ; l*+fi}\ al- 

harjiya-t; ^y* masruf (pU 

«-A^U* masarif . 
Outguabd, *. M> t&li'a-t (pi. && 

Out-house, 8. <j>j* zar*. 

Outlandish, adj. shi^ garib (pi. 

v>V^ agrab, W^ guraba) ; «j*-^ 

ajnabi-y ; ^^ barrani-y. 
Outlast, v. ^ baqa, yabqa. 
Outlaw, s. <£f murtadd; *)*y 

mardud; f^* mahriim. 
Outlaw, v. ^ haram, yahrim ; J^- 

sarkal, yusarkil ; <Jw nafa, yan- 

Outlet, 8. Gf** mahraj (pi. t;W-» 

Outline, 8. (+*j rasm (pL «»-•) 

rusiim, p~j\ arsum) ; jty* taswir ; 

&£# naqsVt; j^\ ijar (pi. jL\ 

Outline, v. ^-.j rasam, yarsum. 
Outlive, v. ^ baqa, yabqa ; ^>lc 

ysA s*>y j«t 'as* ba'd maut ahar, 

Outlook, 8. ty* nagra-t ; &t talla-t. 
Outmost, adj. ^s\ aqsa (pi. ^-^ 

Outnumbeb, v. »>J*3^ ^5* S* faq ti- 

'l-^adad, yafuq. 
Outpost, 8. W*» tali'a-t (pi. g**l» 

Outpoub, v. s-^» eabb, yasubb ; 

s-^* sakab, yaskub; s^ kabb, 

yakubb ; <J*»> dafaq, yadf uq. 
Outbage, 8. (in words) \/J\ iftira ; 

(*3* &&tm (pL ^a*» ^utum). — (in 

deeds) ^ jaur; ^- jafa; ^ 

zulm; &Jjw bahdala-t; £-aUa 

Outbage, v. <J^ «jfr*^ iftara 'ala, 

yaftari ; ^ satam, yaitum ; 

sattam, yusattim ; Jj^ bahdal, 

yubahdil; ^M fa4al?, yafcjlah ; 

**k* hatak, yahtik. 
Outbageous, ad;, (offensive) ^J^^* 

niuta'addi ; ^ys*^ muftari. — (op- 
pressive) (J\± zalim ; y^Vi qahir ; 

^M qa8i. — ( projiigate) <j**-U 

iahis ; <>-^ fasiq. 
Outbageousnebs, s. Sja sidda-t ; 

lty\ if rat; <i— i fisq; vir** 

Outbids, i?. jj^-. sabaq, yasbiq ; 

sabbaq, yusabbiq (*r-^W bi-'r- 

Outbight, adv. "V* kuliiyan ; UIL« 

Digitized by 





mutlaqan ; fWsN j JW*^ bi-'l- 

kamal wa-'t-tamam. 
Outroot, v. & qala', yaqla' ; £* 

) ^i\ iy qala* min al-jizr, yaqla' ; 

J*U-\ ista'sal, yasta'fil. 
Outrun, v. «J*~ sabaq, yasbiq; 

eabbaq, yusabbiq (u^W bi-'r- 

Outset, «. ^^ ibtida; J^ awwal. 
Outshine, v. SjW^ ^ faq bi-'l- 

jalwa-t, yafuq; jU faq, yafuq; 

J-a* fadal, yafdul. 
Outside, 8. (exterior) e^N al-harij ; 

^\^\ al-barrani-y. — (surface) 

a»j wajh (pi. fi^j wujiih, &*^ 

aujuh) ; ^ sajh (pi. Cj-^ 

Outskirt, «. (border) &^» ^affa-t ; 

**fcW hasiya-t (pi. o*V tawaSi). 

—(suburb) l-H±+*\ 4*ty ***^ 

4ahiya-t barraniyat al-madiua-t 

(pi. o^V dawahi) ; ^^ ^W 

hara-t barraniya-t. 
Outspoken, adj. v3 J ^° ?adiq ; g»>^- 

sadij (pi. s^^- suddaj). 
Outstanding, adj. JW baqi (pi. 

(jj-i^ baqin). 
Outstretch, v.a. la~* basaf, yabsut ; 

a* madd, yamudd. 
Outward, adj. e;W b»rij ; ;*& 

Outweigh, v. c 1 ^) raj a k, yarjat 

(yarjit, yarju^) ; rajjaj>, yuraj- 

Outwit, v. u^ gas£, yaguss* ; (^ 

gaban, vagbun ; s-*^ galab, yag- 

hb ; <4)W dara, yudari. 
Oval, adj. j*#J\ J£* J* *ala &kl 

al-bai4; o- - *** baidi-y; <jy-*et 

Oval, s. ^^ J** &kl bai<jii-y. 
Ovation, s. <JM*» tasfiq ; y)tfe tah- 

Oven, s. q£ furn (pi. q\}\ afran) ; 

jf5 tannur (pi. ^^> tananir). 
Over, prep. ^ 'ala; vij* f auq ; 

i*y\i) ziyada-t. — (across) y*& 'abr. 
Overact, v. ^ ^ balag fi, yu- 

balig ; If farrat, yufarrit. 
Overalls, s. J\#* girwal (pi. J>y/» 


Overawe, v. «-*j*> hawwaf, yuhaw- 

wif ; s-**«S tabayyab, yatahayyab. 
, Overbalance, v. £=*; rajah, yarjafc 

(yarjih, yarjuh) ; rajjah, yuraj- 

jih; ffA) rajah, yurajih. 
Overboard, adv. s-*/^ &$*- harij 

Overcast, v. ffc\ azlam, yuzHm ; 

^ gayyam, yugayyim. 
Overcharge, v. (overburden) J*> 

gaqqal, yusaqqil. — (demand more 

than is just) J* galla, yugalli; 

ijte gala, yugali. 
Overcoat, s. £**tfy foqaniya-t. 
Overcome, v. s-J^ galab, yaglib ; 

^Jlc y^t zafir *ala, yagf ar. 
Overdo, r. <J ^ balag fi, yu- 

balag; 1^-i farrat, yufarri^.— 

(fatigue) *^\ at'ab, yu*tib. 
Overflow, r.a. j^ garraq, yugar- 

riq ; J* gatta, yuga«i ; n. c^ 

tafah, yattah; ^U fad, yufi<J ; 

^io» tadaifaq, yatadaffaq. 
Overgrow, v. ^kjl y£ kabbar bi- 

ziyada-t, yukabbir; <**& o* J \) 

zad 'an al-hadd, yazid. 
Overgrowth, *. f*A\ ^^i) ziyada-t 

an- nam u. 
Overhang, v. ^^\ airaf, yusrif. 
Overhaul, v. (examine, inspect) 

jltf nazar, yan^ur. 
Overhear, v. £**-^ istama', yas- 

Overjoy, v. *W t^ farrat jiddan, 

yufarri^. — (be overjoyed) a^c ; U» 

)HT^ &* & r *aql-^ u min as " 

Overlay, v. (cover on the surface) 

^ tala, ya^li. 
Overleap, v. J* ^ natt 4 ala, ya- 

nuU (J* e^* min <ala )- 
Overload, v. J^ J^ saqqal 'ala, 


Overlook, v. (vteiff /rom higher 
around) JU atall, yutill ; J^*-^ 
istatall, yastatill.— (neglect) ,>* 
gafal, yagful; «i*Vi fat, yafiit 
(both with <$£ 'an). 

Overmuch, adj. jr& kasir; ^j 

Overmuch, adv. ^^y bi-ziyada-t. 

Digitized by 





Otoplcs, s. £-«• fadla-t; J*%i 

fa4il ; •* ; zayid ; Jj= zaad, io<L 
Otkkpowek, r. *^-^ gaiab, yaglib ; 

^ qahar, yaqhar ; ^1* i* zarir 

*ala, yazfar. 
Otckkatk, r. ^vfe gila, yugili; 

Ly*ji y+* samman bi-ziyada-t, 

Override, r. tjU^H s-^ at'ab al- 

biaan, yutnb. 
Ovebeeach, f. (overhang) «Jj^ 

asraf, yuirif. — (ra^oi) J^fe g*^* 

y*igui« ; £j*. hada', yahda'. 
Ovebeule, v. (control) *-** dabat, 

yu4bi{. — (reject) J*j rafad, yar- 

fi4 ; <j* nafa, janfL 
Overrun, tr. (c-ryuer a£ orer) ^j* 

gatfa, yugatti. — (ravage) s^ 

harab, y ah rub; harrab, yuhar- 

"b ; ^jU j\t gar 'ala, yagir. 
Oversee, v. f» nazar, yanzur ; jLtt 

nazar, yunazir. 
Overseer, *. jU* nazir (pi. ; Us» nuj- 

zar) ; jiU* munazir ; /*W* muba- 

Overshadow, v. J& zallal, yuzal- 

lil ; JM azall, yuzill. 
Overshoot, it. (venture too far) 

^ s-*)ta galab fi, yugalib. 
Oversight, t. WJL-fc ga&t; j < ■ 

Oveespeead, 17. <JLfc gafta, yugafti ; 

J* j# nagar 'ala, y angur. 
Otebstep, v. ))W jawaz, yujawiz ; 

jpW* tajawaz, yatajawaz. 
Overstock, v. a^y %• mala' bi- 

ziyada-t, yamla\ 
Overt, adj. jb\± zahir. 
Ovebtake, v. s^ uW la^iq bi, yal- 

taq ; vjK* lajjaq, yulaldq ; ijte*\ 

s^ i^talaq bi, yahtaliq ; djj\ 

adrak, yudrik. 
Ovebthbow, v. **M qalab, yaqlib J 

£*j waqqa', yuwaqqi'. — (destroy) 

v»/> barab, yah rub ; ^J^ badam, 

Oveetheow, a. (downfall) ^»\ 

inqilab ; Uyu suqu^.— (destruc- 
tion) J*** hadm ; pUfrt inhidam ; 

^J-s- harib; + *~ -i f* tahrib. — 
(deferni) ij— * kaara-t ; ^jrt inhi- 

Overture, «. (opening) c^=*^ ifti- 
tah; ja fath.— (foptaatii^) \as*\ 

ibuda ; ^ Jt badawa-t. — ( pro- 

yj+al) iy t urda-t, 
Oteetxtes, r. *«-!» qalab, yaqlib; 

o*}^ o^ »J*) "una ila-'l-ard, 

yarmi. — \**odHi) /p qahar, yaq- 

har; w-^ ga«ab ? yaglib. 
Oteevalce, r. &•& J^ gala aa- 

»aman, yugaii. 
; Otkewbxslsg, adj. /*£*• mutakab- 

bir ; fk* *+ mutatahhir. 
Ovbe whexji, r. (subdue) s-i* galab, 

yaglib; j«i qahar, yaqhar. — 

{submerge) j+* gamar, yagmur; 

j*j&\ igtamar, yagtamir. 
Oteewoex, r. s-«^ at'ab, yut'ib. 
Ovipaeou8, adj. J&i bayiiji (pL 

o*rf buyud; ; ^/ei ^ ^J^i yata- 

wallad mill baid. 
Owe, v. ^*> Aelft 4 aleh ("alaih) dain ; 

fjt garim, yagram; fft\ igta- 

ram, yagtarim. 
Owino to, prep. J*J li-ajl ; «i ' i*l 

Own, a<i;. (belonging to) £Vs* mata*, 

with pronoun alliied, as ^^ 

matai, " my own ; " a— a» nafs- 

hu; A»\i zat-hu; ***c 'ain-hu. — 

(peculiar) fj***** muhaasas; ^^ 

Own, it. (possess) **^U malak, yam- 

lik; «iiu* tamailak, yatamallak. 

— (apow?) U(^c\ i'taraf, ya'tarif ; 

/\ aqarr, yuqirr (both with s^ 

bi). — (claim) <J* <ju\ idda'a 

'ala, yadda'i ; J* ^jc** J«^ 4 amil 

da'wa 'ala, ya'mal. 
Ownee, s. s-^U safeib (pi. s^*t 

as^ab); «aUU malik (pi. «*)jM 

umluk) ; ^j zu (pi. y^*i zawun). 
Owl, s. f*y bum ; **y buma-t ; p\ 

Je^\ 'umm al-lail ; a*U^ massa- 

sa-t ; o^J! ^Jb (air al-maut (pi. 

j^J» tuyur). 
Owlet, #. <u^i qubaisa-t. 

Digitized by 





Ox, s. /> baqar (pi. ; y* buqur) ; rf 
«5-aat^ §or (tor) mahsi-y (pi. o\^» 
&>ae* siran mahsiya-t). 

Oyster, 8. \i*tjZ-\ istridiya; w*J^ 

sadaf ; bx» sadafa-t (pi. w*W\ 
asdaf) ; fyW* mabara-t (coll. jV** 
mahar); ylS^ badalan; ^JL 


Pacb, 8. (stride) lf*> hatwa-t (pi. 

*»^ hatwat, U* hita).— (of a 

horse) {m f*** maii ; ***-• mas>a-t ; 

iyt* maiwa-t. 
Pace, v. U* ba$, yahtu ; Ji*\ 

ihtata, yabtati; j -A^» maia, 

Pacific, ad;. ^U hadi; f »JU 

salim (pi. UJL sulama). 
Pacification, s. UU* musala- 

ha-t ; e**> silah ; ^j**-! taskin. 
Pacify, v. (reconcile) g«t ^JU salab 

ben, yusalih; fX*\ aslah, yuslih. 

— (appease) y£~ sakkan, yusak- 

kin ; i^**>\ ahda, yuhdi. 
Pack, s. (bundle) &y* huzma-t (pi. 

(*f> buzara) ; fy^ jurza-t (pi. )/* 

juraz); &+*t buoja-t.— ( pack of 

cards) J» Z*± $idda-t waraq. — 

(body of hounds) a*-> *+&* kilab 

Pack, v. ^ hazam, yahzim ; y* 

sarr, yasurr. 
Package, s. &\* bala-t ; W/» mir- 

Packer, s. f>\^> hazzam. 
Packet, *. ly surra-t (pi. j^o 

surar) ; &»j ; rizma-t (pi. ^ 

rizam) ; *W ; rabta-t ; l+* buq- 

Pack-saddle, a. ^U g&gir (pi. 

^^ sawagir) ; J^ rahl (pi. JU ; 

rihal, J^J arhul) ; icjy barda'a-t 

(pl- £ J V baradi'). 
Pact, Paction, s. ^ sart (pi. Ly* 

Surfy) ; •** 'abd (pi. ^ <ubud) ; 

.*«* «aqd (pi. jyie «uqud); jto\ 

Pad, s. **■*-» bastfya-t (pi. 1*IAd> 

^aiaya, U-> haia). 

Pad, v. Va^ Jiaia, yahSu ; ^ bat- 
tan, yubattin. 

Padding, 8. y*+* baiu. 

Paddle, v. UN ^ s-*J l a 'ib ft-'l- 
ma, yal'ab. — (row) «-*ai qaddaf, 

Paddle, s. u\&* miqdaf (pi. u^jUu 

Padlock, s. ^^ Jtf qufl rumt-y. 

Pagan, s. qV*%\ *\* 'abid al-ausan ; 
«j^j wasam-y. 

PAGANI8M, 8. '(p\j*%\) yVpW foV*fi 

'ibadat al-ausan (al-aenam). 
Page, s. (servant boy) (&h gulflm 

(pi. Ldt gilma-t, oU* oilman). 

— (of a book) Sa^* 9 ahifa-t (pi. 

«-A>^* aahayif, U^ subuf) ; 

O* ?afaha-t (pi. ^A* sufu^). 
Pageant, s. s-^ maukib (pi. 

s-^j* mawakib); Ju* manjar 

(pi. jLU* manazir) ; S^w. mas- 

bara-t (pi. /.U-^ masahir). 
Pageantry, s. & *&». hasama-t ; lf*h 

fahra-t ; $**A ihtifai. 
Pagoda, «. r L-u,^ J^a baikal 

a*nam ; ^ «i^ bait sanam. 
Pail, s. (for milking) (1 >JU milban 

(pi. &U malabin).— (for water) 

}* dalw, dalu (pi. !b dila') ; LM 

'ulba-t (pi. s-lc 4 ulab). 
Pailasse, s. ^ Ujb tarra^a-t 

Pain, *. (6orft7y) ^ waj* (pi. gW^ 

auja'); ^y tawaiju'; Jj\ alam 

(pi. r « alam) ; ^\s ta'allum.— 

(mental) ^ gamm (pi. pj+t gu- 

mum) ; 


■^ karb 

(pL v 

kurub) ; (^ ^uzn (pi. y\ ab- 
zan).— (pains, effort) *+ jidd ; 

Digitized by 





•&6* jahd; »>WM ijtihdd ; JUa 

himma-t ; &w» mi^na-t. 
Pain, r.a. (torture) q*) wajja', yu- 
wajji 1 ; f)\ allam, yu'allim ; *r>±* 
'azzab, yu'azzib. — (trouble) f*&\ 
agamm, yugimm ; q^A ahzan, 
yuhzin ; ^/y* sawwai, yusaw- 
wis ; )& kaddar, yukaddir. 
Painful, adj. (causing pain) fr&y 
waji'; g+y muji'; (*J\ alim; 
(Jj* mulim. — (full of pain) 
^ s \s^ muta'allim ; ^^ hazin 
(pi. bf» huzana) ; y\>y>. haznan ; 
,Js** mugtamm. — (difficult) J£&-» 
muskil ; s-*- sa'b (pi. v>^ 
Painstaking, adj. *& ++ mujta- 

Paint, s. q£ laun (pi. y\f\ alwan) ; 
£W* sibaq ; ^»> duhn (pi. q\*S\ 
adhan). — (for the face) S^ 
humra-t (pi. j+*» ^umar) ; ^ *» 
*-A~ji tusn yiisuf ; 5)^ gaza-t. — 
(for the eye-brow 8) £•— j wasma-t. 
—(/or *Ae eye-lids) J*£ kuhl. — 
(/or /Ae Aawck awd /ee£) L*> 

Paint, v. (lay on colour) q£ law- 
wan, yulawwin ; {$*>S\ adhan, 
yudhin. — (delineate) jy* sawwar, 
yusawwir ; {t /& naqal, yanqai. — 
(paint ones face) j+*» hanimar, 
yuhammir. — (one's eyes) J*& 
takahhal, yatakahhal ; Usfc* ta- 
hafta*, yatahattat.— (one's hands 
or feet) Vi»? tahanna, yatahanna. 

Painter, s. jy** musawwir; ofyj-** 
musawwirati-y ; >J»\& naqqal 

Painting, s. (actof)jiyS taswir.— 
(profession) j>y*A\ icU* sana'a-t 
at- taswir.— (picture) i jy * ?ura-t 
(pi. )y » suwar) ; J& m»qs (pi. 
v>jtf nuqu£). 

Pair, s. sjj zauj, zoj (pi. g^ 
azwaj) ; yWy) zaujan. 

Pair, v. ty) zawwaj, yuzawwij ; 
Qj* qaran, yaqrin, yaqrun. 

Palace, s. ^y- saray ; b^ saraya ; 
a*\r- saray a- 1 ; y*i qasr (pi. '^ 

Palanquin, *. ^ «**** tafct rawan 

(Pen.); t*y* haudaj (pL &\j* 
Palatable, adj. S^il laziz; <j~c* 

Palatal, adj. o&»- hanaki-y. 
Palate, s. ^ hanak; ^ ,j*- 
(«jWi) safq al-fumm (al-halq). 
— (organ of taste) Jy&\ A-W ^as- 
sat az-zauq. 
Pale, adj. *+f\ /*\ asfar al-wajh ; 

yu* musfarr ; *-*yu* manquf. 

Pale, v. (turn pale) /*\ i$farr, yas- 

farr ; (#**» tasafran, yatasaf ran. 

Pale, *. *tfj watad (pi. »>ty autad) ; 

jj)U hazuq (pi. Jij^ hawaziq). 

Palkne88, *. Syu sufra-t; j\j*~\ 

Paling, s. »>W fyta diiyira-t autad ; 
<3ij^ if ^^ ha^ it min hawa- 
ziq ; *tij) zariba-t (pi. s-^jj 
Palfrey, s. ^it© $afina-t. 
Palisade, s. see Paling. 
Pall, s. ^ kafan (pi. y\X\ ak- 

Pall, t;. gl*>^ sar dali 4 , yasir. 
Pallet, s. iy***- aa/ farsa-t haqi- 
ra-t. — (o/ a painter) q\J\ 4^3 
lauha-t alwan. 
Palliate, v. y^A ahsan, yuhsin ; 
j ±* *azar, ya*zir ; ^\^^ J^c *amil 
'uzurat, yam^al. — (mitigate) tf£~ 
sakkan, yusakkin ; <-JUfe. ^affaf, 
yuhaflif ; JU qallal, yuqallil. 
Palliation, s. ij±* 4 izra-t; «-Ac4*» 

tahfif ; (£*£— * taskin. 
Palliative, adj. t^-"* musakkin. 
Pallid, aaj. y^*\ as far, f. \/* safra ; 

/-*• musfirr. 
Pallidness, *. »/* sufra-t; j\/>~\ 

Palm, *. (of the hand) Utf kaff (pi. 
w*y^ kufuf, u& akuff); Jt» 
U^J^ batn al-kaff ; Wj ra^a-t. — 
(/ree) J^ nahl ; a^ nahla-t (pi. 
J-** nahil). 
Palm, r. ^^i qabad, yaqbad (with 
ace us. or s-> bi) ; Ukw^ ^ ^J*A 
ahfa fi-'l-kafF, yuhfi. — (impose) 
£J*- hada', yahda* ; vA* gais, ya- 
guis ; c>V*» han, yabun. 

Digitized by 





Palpable, adj. (perceptible by the 

touch) <j*y~+&" mahsu8 ; y+k 

yulmas (3 aor. pass.). — (obvious) 

£*\) wacjih ; y*^ zahir. 
Palpableness, s. (to touch) £*ltU 

u ~+&\ qabiliyat al-lams. — (ob- 
viousness) ty*) wu^ulj ; **** <J a - 

Palpitate, v. <j>^ hafaq, yahfiq, 

yahfuq; «*-&«►; rajaf, yarjuf'. 
Palpitation, *. ^tofc* hafaqan; 

s-1* &*j raj fa- 1 qalb ; U^j wa- 

Palsied, adj. $}*» mafluj ; £~S+ 

mukassah ; .***• muq'ad. 
Palsy, s. &±l~S kusaha-t ; gJU 

Palteiness, 8. SjUb* ^aqara-t. 
Paltey, adj. ^ ^aqir; ,^-ij 

dani-y ; J«J J zalil. 
Pamper, v. &*ju1\ Z*\± ^ yV 

'ayyas ii gayat an-ni'ma-t, yu- 

'ayyis* ; S»>ty ^mL\ afain bi-ziya- 

da-t, yufini; q*±\ aiba', yu£bi'. 
Pamphlet, «. «yUa^ wuraiqat; 

aJU ; risala-t (pi. s*>%-j risalat, 

Ji^ risayil). 
Pamphleteee, s. &&-j ^r^Xo satiib 

risala-t (pi. y^>\ as^ab). 
Pan, 8. Jii* miqla; &*)*" miqla- 

ja-t (pi. JU* maqali); ^U> 

tajin (pi. ^>\y. tawajm). 
Panacea, «. T6 ~£\ iksir ; W* kimi- 

ya; f»U \^j dawa' *amm; viV 

Panceeas, *. Sj**M jj5 lauz al- 

ma 4 da-t. 
Pandemonium, «. (te/J) ,»** ja- 

hannam ; ft***, jahiin. 
P andeb, v. (j*;-* 'aras, ya'ris; 

'arras, yu'arns (both with J li). 
Pane, 8. jty> pjl laulj qazaz (pi. 

cV^ aiwafe). 
Panegyeic, 8. c^ madt ; &*" 

madi^j U> § a na (pi. ***tt asni- 

ya-t) ; «-A^ wasf . 
Panegyeise, v. j^» niajjad, yu- 

majjid ; t±* maddal?, yuiriaddilj. 
Panegyeist, s. c^ *• niaddah ; c jU 

Panel, «. c y laut (pi. C^ alwak). 

Pang, a. ^ alam (pi. ^ alam) ; 

v»/ karab (pi. ^/ kurub) ; &iU 

<Jiqa-t; &+± gussa-t (pi. ^j^t 

Panic, e. Jj* haul (pi. J^y&\ ah- 

wal) ; ijby wahra-t ; s-^) ru'b ; 

«J^t hauf ; ^-s*- ha<J(Ja-t. 
Pannier, s. J«ij zanibil (pi. J^j 

zanabil) ; JLy» qirjall ; flVLji qi r . 

tala-t (pi. JU.y qir^al, Jl^ qara- 

Pansy, *. *±>}\A\ l^ zahrat a§- 

Pant, v. «-A%.j rajaf, yarjuf ; Uk*^ 

tarajjaf, yatarajjaf. — (long for) 

^J\ jUai\ istaq ila, yastaq. 
Pantaloon, s. (trousers) J^ sir- 

wal (pi. J*jV- sarawii) ; )**>£* 

sahsur (pi. ^^ saha^ir). — 

(buffoon) s-**^ mula'ib. 
Panthee, g. ;+} niuir (pi. S ; ^i 

numura-t, ;Ui nimar). 
Pantey, *. iijA «^^ bet al-muna-t ; 

j\/ karar. 
Pap, s. (soft food) ^J labauiya-t ; 

fyf* barira-t ; Sj*«* 'asida-t. — 

(pulp) f+-+A ia^m (pi. f»^A 

^uhum). — (dug)yt*\ *U*» ^amalat 

Papa, ». WW baM. 
Papacy, s. k^ babawiya-t. 
Papal, adj. ^WW babawi-y. 
Papee, s. j)) waraq (pi. j^\ 

auraq) ; ^U.^ qir^as (pi. u-t^y 

qara^is). — (blotting paper) j^ 

^iiAi waraq na&af . 
Papist, s. ^J^) ruuiani-y. 
Papyeus, s. ^J^ bardi-y; <flf 

Pae, s. (equality) fl ; L~» musawat. 
Paeable, s. jl* masal (pi. JVjU\ 

amsal) ; J*iw tam§il (pi. &%£» 

Parade, «. (array of troops) JU^ 

^~*&\ J* kasf 'ala-'l-'asakir.— 

(display) li) zuffa-t; ^U-A^ ljia^- 

ma-t ; s-^y* maukib (pi. s-^y* 

mawakib). — (place for exercise, 

&c.) ^x** maidan (pi. ^>A>* 

Paeade, v. <jA^ taba'.u, yatabaha j 


Digitized by 

Google ' 


f&\ if tahar, yaf tahir (both with 
Paradise, s. Is** janna-t; <j*)*J 
firdaus, fardus (pi. <jh> *>y far&- 
dis, Per8.). 
Paradox, s. &** bid'a-t (pi. ?* 

Paragon, a. y& d U m & la-hu 
nazir; a! jtf S 14 sani la-hu; 
5^j »Ljft-j wahid dahr-hu; J^i 
Paragraph, s. J-i fasl (pi. J^ 

Parallel, adj. ^$)\y mawazi; 

sjfif* mutawazi. 
Parallel, a. <j)\f* U. haft muta- 
wazi (pi. tyr* t^s. hutut muta- 
wazi ya-t). 
Parallel, v. (make parallel) *JU 
h$js* Lfa* t 9 aff bi-hutut niuta- 
waziya-t, yasaff. — (be parallel) 
sj)\) waza, yuwazi. — (compare) 
J*U qabal, yuqabil ; ^U qaran, 
yuqarin ; M» sabbah, yusabbih. 
Parallelism, *. fy\y muwazat; 

e|}V tawazi. 
Parallelogram, a. isjU*« J** 
ftkl mutawazi (pi. (Jyk) JU*\ 
fyV 1 " a£kal (Sukul) mutawazi- 
ya-t) ; gUM ^jU*. mutawazi al- 
Paralyse, v. ft*\ a'jaz, yu'jiz ; )+* 

'ajjaz, yu'ajjiz. 
Paralysis, a. &*L~f kusa^a-t ; gJU 

falij ; &£~ sakta-t. 
Paralytic, o# m *. fylA* mafluj. 
Paramount, adj. ^\ a'la; *M 
a'zam ; } &~ sadr (pi. ^ju. sudttr) ; 
p>*" muqaddam. 
Paramour, a. «jaU <asiq, f. &*Ve 
'a&qa-t (pi. jUx <ussaq) ; s~«*> 
tabib, f . £«*•> tabiba-t (pi. v» W 
afcbab, s-*W* fcabayib). 
Parapet, a. y*U> ^ajiz (pi. y*\j* 

fcawajiz) ; fyU- sutara-t. 
Paraphernalia, a. jW jahaz. 
Paraphrase, a. ^^ ^ S^o 
daura-t fi-'l-kalam ; ,*-& tafsir ; 
«-A*/o ta'rif ; 8,W* 'ibara-t ; ^y 
Paraphrase, v./«4 fassar, yufae* 



sir ; cj& garafc, ya^rah ; £*; wai- 
6at, yuwa£&h. 
Parasite, a. JL«aL {ufaili-y ; jU- 
suflaq (pi. &JVA- safaliqa-t) ; ^\) 
waris ; J*U wagil ; ^^ ausan. 
Parasol, a. &*~+* samsiya-t ; &!*• 

Parcel, a. (portion) &**- ^issa-t 
(pi. { j^ tisas) ; &d»i qata'-t (pi. 
£<* qija', qu^a').— ( packet) &** 
baqja-t ; &*jj rizma-t. 
Parcel, v. f*~i qassam, yuqassim. 
Parch, v. Jj*» taraq, yahruq ; s^ 
sawwab, y usawwib ; yti yabbas, 
Parchepness, *. u~*i yubs ; &~y*t 

Parchment, «. J\/ j ; raqq gazal; 
J^fi s}j raqq 'ajl (pi. ^fj ruqiiq). 
Pardon, a. y* 'at'u ; ^tyi gut ran ; 
£/A^ magfira-t; c^- samati; 
^•U^» musamalja-t. 
Pardon, v. /^ gafar, yagfir; £*— 
sama^jt, yamsa^ (both with ^4* *3 
la-hu bi-^e-y) ; £*U sama^, yu- 
samilj; (^ Ufc «afa 'an, ya'f u ; 
tp £** safah 'an, yaefaJji. 
Pardonable, adj. >*** yugfar (3 
aor. pass.) ; y^«3\ s-^^« wajib al- 
*af u ; y^3\ J^ maljall al-*afu. 
Pare, v. (trim) ^f qara4, yaqriij. 
— (fruit, &c) jAi qa^iar, yuqas- 
Parent, «. ^ walid ; Sj>Nj walida-t. 

— (parents) yi<d\) waliden. 
Parentage, «. J->\ asl (pi. J^ 
usiil); s — * nasab (pi. ^*\^i\ 
ansab); J~J nasal (pi. JL-i^ 
Parental, adj. ^^ walidi-y. 
Parenthesis, a. <£-yac* dJU^ jum- 

la-t mu'tari^a-t ; J)^ hilal. 
Parenthetical, adj. u*y«* mu'ta- 

Parings, «. ^*JU qulama-t; W^i 

qura^a-t ; u\ uff . 
Parish, «. ^c ; ra 4 iya-t (pi. ^Vcj 
ra'aya) ; ^^\ Jb*- tatt al-huri-y. 
Parishioner, e. sj)^\ ^ o^ miD - 

tatt al-buri-y. 
Parity, «. (equality) ky~* taswi- 

Digitized by 





ya-t ; ky~ sawtya-t ; i\)\~* musa- 

wkt. — (analogy) fy^ inu&tba- 

ha-t ; &>U* muma§ala-t. 
Park, 8. &**£ gai<Ja-t; &\z~i bus- 
tan; **J)V>park. 
Parlance, s. (idiom) &*& luga-t 

(pi. «*UJ lugat, ^ lugUD, <j*l 

lugan). — (conference) #*>W* mu- 

Parliament, s. «yjN **W ja- 

ma'at al-wufud ; K, j yitt gtya 

v^uu3\ diwan al-umara* wa wu- 

kala' a£-£a'b. 
Parlour, *. S^ku» mangara-t. 
Parody, s. s^s taqlid ; J**** tarn- 

sil; &«-£* tasbih. 
Parolb, 8. (promise) ^ wa'ad 

(pi. *fy wu'ud) ; 8^> wa'ada-t ; 

*>ysy» mau'ud (pi. *^V* ma- 

Paroxysm, *. \*f buraha ; o^^ J 

daur al-humma. 
Parricide, «. (ad) attjW J* <l atl 

al-walid. — (j>er«o») **\y J*U 

qatil walid-hu. 
Parrot, *. fy durra-t (pi. «^\)»> 

durrat, »* durar) ; ^ babaga; 

JU-* babagal. 
Parry, v. e*W dafa', yudafi' ; ^ 

tamanna', yatamanna*. 
Parse, v. ct>*-*W s^ a'rab al- 

kalamat, yu'rib. 
Parsimonious, adj. }y muwaffir. 

— (to excess) ty* qari$. 
Parsimony, Parsimoniousness, a. 

jjj taufir; *y>/ tawaffura-t ; 

^ilL-M imsak. 
Parsing, s. «yUKN ^*\f\ i'rab al- 

Parsley, *. cr*^ baqdunas (maq- 

dunas); J**V tarajil; ^y^ 

Parsnip, s. (**L* saljam (pi. ,*X. 


PAR80N, 8. u~i qiss (pi. <j*j-*i 

qusus); u-*-* qissis (pi. vulg. 
*~JwJ qasafisa-t); ^^ feuri-y 
(bj\y** hawarina-t). 
Parsonage, s. ^JA\ jU dar al-qiss 
(pL;>> diyar); ^^ ;W dar 

Part, s. (piece) &Ui qata't (pi. &* 
qifa', qufa') ; 8^-* kisra-t (pi. 
P^kisar). — (portion) ^— i qism 
(pi. (X~i\ aqsam); &+~i qisma-t; 
&«* tiissa-t (pi. (jft~ hiaas). — 
(concern, interest) dyb* 6irk (pi. 
i^ a^rak). — (party) s^)*- 
^izb (pi. v»W aljzab). — (siae, 
quarters) U>^ taraf (pi. «-rt;U 
atraf) ; fM iqlim (pi. ^U\ aqa- 
lim). — (in a play) J» naql. — 
(foknte) S^VS qabiliva-t; &** 
facfila-t (pi. JjU* fa4ayil) ; &,*• 
ma'rifa-t (pi. «Jj;U* ma'arif) ; 
i«5\;^ idrak. 

Part, v. (divide) ^ qasam, yaq- 
sim; qassam, yuqassim. — (sepa- 
rate) a. j^ faraq, yafruq; J-«* 
fasal, yafsil; n. J^\ infaeal, 
yanfasil. — (take farewell) £^ 
wadda*, yuwaddi* ; »^^ ±±\ ahaz 
ha^ir-hu, ya'huz. 

Partake, v. *«J/»» ^ariq, yairaq; 
^U 6arak, yuiarik. 

Partial, adj. (not total) <JPy*- 
juz'i-y. — (not universal) <j©U- 
ha?s ; tjasafc* muhta8S ; ^p^afe^ 
mahfus. — (favourably inclined) 
J>U mayil ; u*^ mugri^. 

Partiality, a. **jU** mutazaba-t ; 
ijs^ gara4iya-t; Jt-« mail (pi. 
JW»\ amyal). 

Participate, v. *«J/» &irik, yaSrak ; 
*«3kU ^arak, yu^arik ; &<»> W ahaz 
ijissa-t, ya'huz. 

Participation, 8. ^-^ ^irkat; 
d\y*\ i^tirak. 

Participle, *. (active) JcW ^ 
ism al-fa'il. — (passive) (*-~ *\ 
Jybu)\ ism al-maf ul. 

Particle, a. (atom) Sj*S zarra-t. — 
(in grammar) «-*^ harf (pi. cJ^ 
huriif) ; IM adat (pi. «w^*>\ ada- 

Particular, ad;, (no^ ge?i«rai) ,j©Vi 
bass ; u^at^ muhtass ; \s>ys*+ 
mah^u? ; vj*^- hufusi-y. — (indi- 
vidual) *>y^« mufrad ; q\^ far- 
dan ; J--*** muf assil. — (odd) 
s*-j V* 'ajib; s-^-i^ garib. — 
(exact) tji*" mudaqqiq; vik 1 ^ 

Digitized by 





daqiq. — (nice) *j£s~~ * mustak- 

Pabticitulb, ». «y fard (pL Jl£ 

firadj ; J*-« taffii. 
Pabticulabisb, r. J-* faasal yu- 

faagil; Jc-oAdV| C; a sarah bi-'t- 

tafsil, y as rah. 
Pabticularity, ». a-V^ hassa-t; 

& + « 2< * . husofiya-t. 
Pabting, 8. s^ffi iftiraq; j^ 

firaq ; J-* faal ; JV-»*»\ infisal. — 

(farewell) &*> wada'.— (oj the 

hair) j^ mafraq, mafriq (pL 

jj;Uu mafariq). 
Partisan, *. vjU** muhazib ; ff\* 

tabi* ; s$*~ mu'allaq. 
Partisanship, ». £);W« mutaza- 

Pabtition, ». (division) a*—* qis- 

ma-t ; ,**--* taqsira ; &)f tauzi'. 

— (*epara/ton) «iV firaq; v$V^ 

iftiraq. — (tcatf, <£c.) 3*^ hajiz 

(pi. y\y hawajiz) ; j^U fariq ; 

vW** nijab (pi. s-*~ hujub); 

VaW. hay it (pi. 0^ hi$an). 
Pabtition, v. ^— i qasam, yaqsim ; 

qaflsam, yuqassiin; J— ** fasal, 

Pabtnbb, 8. ^;^» Sarik (pi. ^y 

luraka) ; d)\A+ rausarik ; frtj 

rabi* (pi. &j rubu'). 
Partnership, a. &\y £araka-t; 

Ky sirka-t ; ^U^ mu3araka-t. 
Partridge, *. J^»» hajal; &%»• 

hajala-t (pi. JW«^ a^jal, o^°* 

iijla, q%^ l?ujlan). 
Parturition, *. SjJ lida-t ; *>3j wi- 

lad ; 8*>3j wilada-t ; <dy maulid. 
Party, 8. (side) *-iJ* Jaraf (pi. 

«-*UU a^raf) ; s-^W janib (pi. 

^S\y+ jawanib). — (faction) ^*y 

Ijizb (pi. *r>\y\ ahzab) ; 
'ufba-t (pi. s-~»* 4 usab). — (coin- 
pany) er-W* majlis (pi. ^PW^ 
majalis) ; fy-*** 'isra-t ; &eW ja- 

Paschal, adj. ^j^-a* fafhi-y. 

Pass, 8. (passage) &*• inanfaz (pi. 
•UU* nianafiz) ; j\y>- jawaz. — 
(defile) s-»j*;* 'urqub (pi. s-**\j* 
'araqib) j vJM* niadiq (pi. <Ji\*" 

naadayiq); v*-*)* niaznaq (pi. 
s3&y maziniq). — (state) Jw ljai 
(pL jyi afcwil); AW hala-t; 
y^A san. — (passport) <^^» far- 
man (pL g**V faramin) ; 3^ 
jawaz ; &jyei buyurdu (Turk.) ; 

hy^-i pasaport- 

Pass, v. (change place, Ac.) &*& 
zahab, yazhab ; y marr, yamurr ; 
^-i-* masa, yamii ; 3W jiz, yajuz. 
— (cross) yt* *abar, ya*bur. — 
(elapse) ^j*- mada, yamdi ; y 
marr, yamurr. — (pass current) 
^ft jara, yajri. — (spend) ^y 
faraf, yafnf. — (omit) ^y tarak, 
yatruk ; v>5 — * nasi, yansa. 

Passable, adj. (possible to be 
passed) jyt*R &£+" mumkin al- 
*ubur. — (tolerable) J*a^% yata- 
hammal ; 0^* ^ bain bain. 

PASSAGE, *. (tcay) &f* tariq (pi- 
jy» twrq); a&^» tariqa-t (pi. 
^U^ turqat) ; J«-- 8al>il (P^ 
J*~ subnl) ; s^»> darb (pi. v»d*> 
durub). — (covered passage) ^W^ 
sabat ; y«lA»> dahliz. — (entrance 
or exit) J^J^ madhal (pi. J^^J^» 
madahil) ; tj-**" naahraj (pi. 
gjW* maharij) ; «a&a^ manfaz (pi. 
AiU* manafiz). — (place of cross- 
ing) j*** ma* bar; ^aU^ maha- 
da-t. — (journey) yL. safar (pi. 
jU-\ asfar) ; fi**L-*» musafara-t. — 
(0/ a book) a5U* maqala-t; J«i 
qaul (pi. J\y\ aqwal, Jj^Vi\ aqa- 

Passenger, *. j*L. safir (pi. ^Va- 
suffar) ; jiU-^ musafir ; S^) 
rahil ; ^ *abir. 

Passing, orf;. (excellent) (*J*z *azim ; 
^^ jayvid ; ^Vi fayiq ; J*^* 
fadil (pi. %# f u^ala) ; jli\ afdal 
(com p. of the previous). 

Passion, a. ^yb hawas ; ^y hawa 
(pi. \^ ahwa) ; fi^«A sahwa-t 
(pi. «i>\j«a ^ahwat, ^ahawat ) ; 
(^W*^ hay a j an ; ^ wajd (pi. 
^y) wnjiidj. — (svjftring) ^J C V» 
ta'allum. — (anger) 1^ gaiz ; h*± 

Passionate, adj. fit* mugram; 

Digitized by 





t\yA\ ^W h&mi al-mizaj ; s^a* 

Passionateness, s. &*+*- ^animi- 

ya-t ; ifa harara-t. 
Passive, adj. J-**** mutahammil ; 

JaL-« musahil. — (passive verb) 

Jy** maf'ul ; Jj6^* majhul. 
Pas8ivenes8, *. J**** tahanimul ; 

£JyiA* maf'uliya-t. 
Passover, s. £^&\ •*** 'id al-fasb ; 

j#!&\ j^jc 'id al-kabir. 
Passport, s. e^* farman (pi. 

^^•y faramin) ; ^*>;jtf buyurdu 

(Turk.) ; ^M pasapoit. 
Past, adj. ^^ madi ; <3**~ sabiq ; 

UfcJU salif ; (***&»• mutaqaddim. 
Past, prep, jk* fauq. 
Past, *. ^*Ui\ al-madi ; q^*^ ^t*vi 

qadim az-zaman. 
Paste, s. (glue) 5)^4 baluza-t. — 

(dough) (^%fi 'ajin (pi. &+£ 

'u j un) . — ( leavened) 5^*^ hami- 

Paste, v. (fasten with paste) v>^ 

laesaq, yulaesiq. 
Pastime, *. ©y» tafarruj ; bfy nuz- 

Pastor, s. (herdsman) ^^ ra'i (pi. 

Slcj ru'at. — (clergyman) ^f- 

huri-y (pi. &j\j* hawarina-t) ; 

u-J qiss (pi. <j*y~ iqusus) ; (j~#~2 

qissis (pi. vulg. £- i^-i qasafi- 

sa-t) ; 0*>\S kahin (pi. &** kaha- 

Pastoral, ad/\ vj-J"" 5 qussiisi-y. — 

(rwraJ) &VcjlJ v>j~-^ man sub li- 

Pastry, a. S^jU fatfra-t (pi. ^Ua* 

fatayir) ; <J « j ?*■« sambusaq 

Pastry-cook, a. ^^Vt* fatatfri-y ; 
' ij^f** halwani-y. 

PA8TURABLE, adj. S*\*fi <J*V H1U- 

wafiq li-'i-ri'aya-t. 

Pasturage, a. g*^ inarta' (pi. £>\f 

Pasture, a. (ground) ^f mar'a 
(pL ^V* mara'i) ; g>/» marta' 
(pi. g»\/» marati'). — (food) «yy> 
qut ; &M akla-t ; £ a «■■&■» ^asisa-t 
(pi. y^U-. JjasayiS). 

Pasture, v. ,**aH ^ ra'a al- 

ganam, yar*a ; ^)\ ar'a, yur'i. 
Pat, s. Sj; razza-t ; Utf kaff. 
Pat, v. *r>r* tfarab, yacjrub ; ij&l 

lata^, yaltus\ 
Pat, adj. <Jfe3 layiq ; <J^y* muwa- 

Patch, a. **J ; ruq'a-t (pi. &Sj riqa'y. 
Patch, v. & raqa', yarqa' ; raqqa', 

Pate, s. «-W qihf (pi. «-*W>\ aq- 

haf, cJj^S quhuf) ; &++** jum- 

juma-t (pi. ^W jamajim). 
Patent, adj. (open y public) g*U 

sayi' ; <j*y** 'umumi-y ; yfclL 

Patent, a. ^Uy farman (pi. &#»\r* 

faramin) ; )¥***" maniiir (pi. 

jt*\±* manasir) ; «t>^ barat ; 

giy» muwaqqa*. 
Patentee, s. o 1 *^ farmanli-y ; 

Js\ji baratli-y. 
Paternal, adj. sj^\ abawi-y ; ^^^ 

Paternity, s. i$\ ubuwa-t ; hf\ 

Paternoster, a. (the Lord's 

Prayer) &**}\ SjU\ as-salat ar- 

rabbiya-t. — (rosary) &^ ~-+ mis- 

baha-t (pi. ^^* masabih). 
Path, Pathway, s. &}* tariq (pi. 

j^ turq) ; ^» tariqa-t (pi. uwl^L 

^urqat) ; *aiL^ maslak, maslik 

(pi. «tU^» masalik) ; J«— sabil 

(pi. J*- subul). 
Pathetic, adj. &&• mubayyij ; 

(j-^»»^ muhannin ; dj&* muhar- 

rik; ijiy muraqqiq; ^ balig 

(pi. Ulj bulaga). 
Pathless, adj. &~* mani*. 
Pathology, s. <j*\^\ ^lc «ilm al- 

Pathos, s. &h balaga-t; &<# 

*r>JA\ tahyij al-qulub. 
Patience, s. j** sabr; j^o\ isti- 

bar; Jk^* tahammul; 5U\ anat. 

— (have patience) p* sabar, yas- 

bir ; $\* sabar, yusabir. 
Patient, adj. jy^> sabur; y*o ^\ 

abu sabr ; j^o sabir. 
Patient, a. J±if rnari^ (pi. ^j* 

Digitized by 





marda, o^V* m&r*4&, u*V mi- 

Patbiabch, ». **JjW batrak; ****jfci 

ba$rik (pL ^,U* bataraka-t). 
Patriarchate, ». 4*9* ba$raki- 

Patrician, »., <m?/. u^ sarif (pL 

U^ surafa, u\j*A asraf). 
Patrimonial, <m(;. ^)f maurus ; 

^^U mulki-y. 


Patrimony, «. *±>y irs; 

lniras ; *JV^ wirasa-t. 
Patbiot, ». (^y\ s~^~ muhibb al- 

watan ; &£>) y* mu*izz wa(au-ha. 
Patriotism, s. ^^\ s-^ hibb al- 

watan; ^y\ *j«* mu 4 azza-t al- 

Patbol, «. «-*jL $auf; ,j-* 4 ass; 

y«-c 'asas. 
Patbol, v. u~* 4 ass, ya'uss ; u~&\ 

itass, ya'tass; «-AL $af, yatuf; 

«-*VU a*af, yutff . 
Patbon, «. Jj wali-y ; ^Jy maula 

(pi. JV* uiawali) ; ^^ mur- 

rabi; y^ hami (pi. fiW*> hu- 

mat ; ^U. haris (pi. ^-^ ^aras, 

<j*V^ afe™ 8 * u*V" hurras). 
Patbon age, «. ^U himaya-t; ^ 

wala ; S3\y» mawalat. 
Patronise, v. J^ wala, yuwali; 

v> 5*^ hama, yah mi. 

PATBONYMIC, *. w-— jJ\ ^jfJ AeJ^ 

kinya-t tubayyin an-nasab. 
Patteb, v. *sXj j dabbak, yudabbik ; 

v*»*> dabdab, yudabdib. 
Pattern, v. (original) J*\ asl (pi. 

Jj-1 usul). — (sample) s. e*y*\ 

Paucity, s. &* qilla-t ; J*li qalil. 
Paunch, «. ^W ba*ii (pi. yfr 

butun); jfc/ kirs* (pi. ^rf 

Paupeb, s. (^w miskin (pi. 

(^L—» masakin); ^JA* inullis 

(pi. lt-o 5 ^* maialis) ; jjUo sa'luk 

(pi. UkJU-> sa'aliq) ; yb faqir (pi. 

ty& fuqara). 
Pause, ». t-Aij waqf ; &Sj waqfa-t ; 

% rikza-t ; f to\ inqi^a*. 
Pause, v. «-AJj waqaf, yaqif ; «-4iy 

tawaqqaf, yatawaqqaf. 

Pate, v. U» ball**, yuballit; v>^ 

U^XV» fares' bi-'l-bala*, yafrus. 
Pavement, ». Ufc bala*. 
Payieb, Paviob, ». UL- muballi^. 
Pavilion, ». *+«*. haima-t (pi. fW* 

hiyam, ^ huyam, hiyain) ; g\y 

suwan; yXyc* siwan (pi. iiyo\ 

Paw, *. oj yad (du. &* yaden) ; 

efy bursun (pi. ^^ baragin). 
Paw, v. £* jahh, yajuhh. 
Pawn, #. (pledge) ^ rahn (pi. 

<#*; rubiiii, ^V^ rihan) ; ix&j 

rahina-t (pi. ^V^ rahayin) ; 

C^jjjft ^urbun; ^^x^ ra'bAn 

(appaf&v). — (in chess) jj^ bai- 

daq (pi. j^W bayadiq, Pers.) ; 

•«♦ band (pi. »>*** bunud). 
Pawn, r. ^ ; rahan, yarhan ; y*j\ 

arhan, yurhin. 
Pawnbroker, s. yey murtahin. 
Pay, s. *p\ ujra-t ; k\y+ jiraya-t. — 

(of an official) &X*W jamakiya-t 

(pi. *aU^ jawamik).— (military) 

Pay, v. ^ wafa, yaii, yiifi; gAo 

aafa', yadfa* ; <^J\ adda, yu'addi. 

— (compensate) \yt jaza, yajzi 

(o* 1 e^ <an se-j). 
Payable, adj. 5*04 yudfa 4 (3 aor. 

pass.); g*a^ yandafi* (8 aor. 


Payee, s. &J\ g^x. madfu* ile-hi. 
Payment, *. £**> daf; W Sfa; U^ 

Pea, «. a-4 basilla-t ; ^WW julban ; 

(ja^- himmas, him mis, hummus ; 

yw baliya-t. 
Peace, s. ^1* sulli j &ju^ hudna-t ; 

ii\^A hudana-t ; f^u sal am. — 

(treaty 0/ peace) 0^» musala- 

Peaceable, Peaceful, adj. ^\Jb 

Peaceableness, Peacepulness, s. 

^^ hudu ; Sj\ju* hadawa-t. 
Peace-makeb, *. jJU* musalih. 
Peacock, «. ^.^VL $awus (pi. J*^ 

atwas, u-4;^ tawawis). 
Peak, ». J^J( ^ ras al-jabal (pi. 

(j-/-y ru'us). 

Digitized by 





Peal, a. (of thunder) «*cj ra'd (pi. 

*y^ ru?ud). — (0/ 6eZi«) &^i> tan- 
tana- 1. 
Peal, v. a*j ra'ad, yar*ad, yar*ud ; 

J^\ ar*ad, yur'id ; ^ rann, ya- 

Pear, 0. v.5^^ kumasra (kutnatra) ; 

t^W 1 najas ; £*W* najasa-t. 
Pearl, a. ;*> durr ; 8;*> durra-t (pi. 

j^*> durar, **>\>*> durr at) ; iJ 

lulu; 8yy luluwa-t (pi. JJ^ 

lu'ali) ; y*j* jauhar (pi. yfc\y* 

jawahir) ; 0W7* murjan. 
Pearly, ad/\ ;*> ^ zu durr; g*y« 

jjJ^ murassa' bi-'d-durr. 
Peasant, a. c^* fallah ; f ; \j zari* 

(pi. £\>3 zurra') ; ^W harig (pi. 

*a>^- ijurras). 
Peasantry, a. u**W\ al-falla^iu ; 

tjm al-falalih. 
Pebble, a. 8^- kaswa-t (pl« coll. 

^ ^a). — (crystal) ^\ ^ 

tajar al-billur. 
Peck, v. j* naqar, yanqur. 
Pectoral, adj. <4r** ?adri-y. 
Peculate, v. ^\>*> j^- saraq dara- 

him, yasriq. 
Peculation, a. &j- sariqa-t. 
Peculiar, adj. u^ ha?9 ; u^r* 3 *" 

mahsue ; ^i* muhaasas. 
Peculiarity, a. * - «A * haasa-t; 

l ~o y <± hueusiya-t ; £«->W hassi- 

ya-t (pi. o°i^" basayia). 
Pecuniary, adj. <^*» naqdi-y; 

<^U mali-y. 
Pedagogue, a. ,J** mu'allim ; ^etf 

Pedant, a. ^5^ nahawi-y ; j*& 

£*l*ft kagir al-galaba-t. 
Pedantry, a. **& galaba-t. 
Peddle, v. S*y^\*> dar bi-turda-t, 

Pedestal, a. «Jy»UN J*, rijl al- 

'amud (pi. A#*tj«H J*^ arjul al- 

Pedestrian, a. ^^* maii (pi. 

&£*• musat) ; Wj zalima-t, zul- 

ma-t (pi. fUj zullam, f>jt az- 

Pedigree, a. v»~* na3ab (pi. s^-^ 


Pedlar, a. 8 j^ g^ bayya* hurda-t ; 

£*V* bacji' (pi. a«^ ba<Ja'a-t) ; 

J0U-4 bisati-y. 
Peel, a. ^&i qisr (pi. j^ti qu£ur). 
Peel, v. y*2 qaaar, yaqslr, yaqSur ; 

qa£sar, yuqassir. 
Peep, a. e*J lamh; &*+! lamha-t; 

*W lahza-t. — (peep of day) j^ 

fa jr. 
Peep, v. (as chicken) ^p* sausa, 

yusausi. — (appear) t% 14h, yalulj. 

— (look slily) e*J lamab, yalmati ; 

iys ramaq, yarmuq ; W laljaz, 

Peer, a. (equal) ^y» qarin (pi. V*ji 

qurana) ; ^i qirn (pi. q\j\ 

aqran). — (nobleman) ye*\ amir 

(pi. \y\ umara). 
Peerage, a. (dignity) %j\*\ aniara-t 

(body of noblemen) \j-*»y\ al- 

Peerless, adj. jj& A U ma la-hu 

nazir ; J*** &J U ma la-hu magil ; 

*&ij* farid. 
Peevish, adj. v»^ ga4ub; fiy 

muzantir; (jjU-i* faqsan; ^f 

Peevishness, a. 8y^j zantara-t. 
Peg, a. ^ watad (pi. *>^\ autad) ; 

jU— ^ mismar (pi. ^ L^ masa- 

Peg, v. j+~ sammar, yusammir ; 

•tfj wattad, yuwattid. 
Pelp, a. JU mal (pL J^ am- 

Pelican, a. i-^ rabma-t; g-^. 

baja* ; Uu saqqa. 
Pelisse, a. i«^ farajiya-t. 
Pellet, a. 8/ kurra-t ; W* taba-t. 
Pellicle, a. ^^ gisa. 
Pellucid, o^;. uVaai saffaf; ^U 

Pellucidness, a. ii^ii gaffaf a-t ; 

Va« safa. 
Pelt, v.a. ^j rama, yarmi ; v>^ 

rasaq, yarsuq ; ^ raj am, yar- 

jum ; n. (pour) Jwfc hatal, yah- 

til ; jAa- tafal, yaffil. 
Pelvis, a. &*;*» taucja-t ; «-*j+3\ ; ^A 

JA-^ gor al-jauf al-asfal. 
Pen, a. (/or writing) ffr qalam (pL 

Digitized by 





(&3\ aqlam). — (for fowl, &c.) 

yftAJ qalg (pi. <j>\&\ aqias). — (for 

sheep, &c.) s^j zarb, zirb (pi. 

v»jyj zurub) ; tff murah (pi. tf 

Pen, v. (write) w-u£ katab, yaktub ; 

rt raq^am, yuraqqini. — (shut 

up) jaa qaifae, yuqaflis; s^j 

zarab, yazrub. 
Penal, adj. ^y* 'uqubi-j ; s--*U* 

Penalty, s. yoUi qi^as ; £*yte 'uqu- 

ba-t ; &+ij+ jarinia-t ; &*\jt gara- 

Penance, $. (repentance) &*f tau- 

ba-t, tuba-t. — (imposed by a 

priest) ($yVS qanun (pi. &^\yi 

qawanin) ; lju& kait'ara-t. 
Pencil, s. yoU^ ^s qalam rasas 

(pi. (Si\ aqlam) ; f*~y niirsam. 
Pencil, v. (delineate) p~j rasam, 

yarsum ; ^ sawwar, yusawwir. 
Pendant, s. Iy qurt (pi. Uyrt 

Pendent, Pendulous, adj. <3l*w* 

muta'alliq ; «jU* mu'allaq. 
Pending, «<#. (undecided) Utf\j 

waqif ; J-A* ^ gair mufas^al; 

£<}**• j<£ gair niaqtu'. 
Penetrate, v. (pierce) &* nafaz, 

yanfiz (with prep. ^ fi) ; j^ 

fearaq, yahriq ; sltf saqab, ya§- 

qub. — (enter) J^o dahal, yadhul; 

$}) walaj, yalij. — (comprehend) 

dj*\ adrak, yudrik; ^ fahim, 

y at ham. 
Penetrating, adj. <J* zaki-y ; ^U 

fafin ; f*fl\ 5^. sari 4 al-fahm. 
Penetration, s. (entrance) *>y*> 

nufuz ; J^-o duhul.— (acuteness) 

*V* idrak; ^ fahm; fi^j 

zakawa-t ; Uok litna-t ; *-y iira- 

Peninsula, «. Sjiy* jazira-t (pi. 

>>^ jazayir). 
Peninsular, ad/. ^^ jaziri-y. 
Penis, s. /J zakr (pi. ^ zukiir). 
Penitence, s. a*W nadama-t ; ^si 

nadain ; fjui tanadduin ; *>y tau- 

ba-t, tuba-t; ty taba-t; s^ 


Penitent, adj., s. f*>V* nadim (pi. 
ft«tf nuddani, nidam) ; yUji nad- 
man (pi. ^\^> nudauiaj. — (be 
penitent) p*> nadim, yandam; 
s-»^> tab, yatiib. 

Pen-knife, *. Rj** mibrat (pi. ^W* 
mabari) ; <j*f mus (pi. <j*\y\ 
aniwas; ; ^^ *aus ; A*~ij* 'uwai- 
siya-t ; v>V^* qalamtaras. 

Penman, *. s-jls katib ; y*U s-*tf 
katib mahir (pi. s-»^ kuttab, 
&s-s£ kataba-t). 

Penmanship, s. a*^ kitaba-t. 

Pennant, Pennon, s. fy±n ban- 
. Penny, s. &** fidcjia-t (vulg. fa4- 

PENNYLES8, adj. v^A* milflis (pi. 

<j~l\** mafalis). 
Pension, s. ^*\j ratib, t*\j rati- 

ba-t (pi. s-*lj; l-awatib); J*\*~ 

ma'as ; i«^ wajiba-t ; aa^ wa- 

zifa-t (pi. «-6*^ wazayifj. 
Pension, v. &*s\j a] J** 4 amil la-hu 

rati ba-t, yam'al. 
Pensioner, s. aV\j a] la-hu rati- 

ba-t; <LJU* a] la-hu ja 4 ala-t; 

w-J»y\ s-^U §ahib ar-ratib. 
Pensive, adj. jte* mutafakkir; 

^"U^ muta'ammil. 
Pensiteness, s. j&* nkr ; jte ta- 

takkur j J^^W ta'ammul. 
Pentagon, s., Pentagonal, adj. 

cr**^* muhammas ; ^^ ^ - ^ , *♦*■ ^^ 

zu hams zawaya. 
Pentateuch, a. fi\^y taurat ; «*-*;/ 

Pentecost, *. iydid\ j^ *id al- 

*ansara-t; ^ c * ^} \ J^ 'id al- 

Penult, Penultimate, s. J** U 

/-^\ ma qabl al-ahir. 
Penurious, arf;. J^. bahil (pi. 1M=: 

buhalaj; iji qar^. 
Penuriousness, s. J«fc: buhl. 
Penury, #. 5 ^^\ ihtiyaj ; *> 

Pen-wipbr, «. ^ wa qi<a-t (pi. 

g?^ waqa'i 4 ). 

Digitized by 


Pbo] 281 

People, a. (nation) ^i qaum (pi. 
(Af\ aqwam) ; w-*** ii'b, sVb (pi. 
s-»j** su'ub); W umma-t (pi. 
j%*\ umam) ; £U milla-t (pi. Jl* 
milal); i^U. tafiya-t (pi. Ub\jL 
tawayif). — (mew) J^ halq (pi. 
v5>^ halayiq) ; <j*U5\ an-nas (pi. 
of y\~i\ insan). — (community) 
)#**** jumhur (pi. ^W jama- 
hir) ; £-^ 'amma-t ; >\ ahl (pi. 
J\*\ ahali). 

People, v. j** 'ammar, yu'ammir. 

Peopled, adj. ))+** ma'mur. 

Peppee, 6. jili fulful, filfil. 

Pepper, v. Jali falfal, vufalfil ; 
J^ Jk^ hayyaq bi-'l-filfil, yu- 


JaUN &fe- huqqat al-filfil. 
Peppebmint, 8. ***** na'na'a-t. 
Peppeby, adj. JaIa- mufalfal. 
Peradventure, adv. J*5 la'all ; 

^\ ^j— c <asa ann ; "VSU?\ ittifa- 

Perambulate, v. j\* dar, yadur; 

U& $af, yajuf ; tf baram, yab- 

Perambulation, 8. (^7*- sairan ; 

*;j*> daura-t. 
Pebceivable, Pebceptible, ad/. 

ij+j*^* maljsus; ^j^ mudrak ; 

i-yj^ madruk ; <j*\j^W ***;**>. yud- 

rak bi-'l-hawass. 
Pebceive, v. djS\ adrak, yudrik ; 

*** fahim, yafham; s-*^** sVar 

bi, yas^ur. 
Pebceptibility, 8. ^\j^\ l&\* qa- 

biliyat al-idrak. 
Pebception, s. d\j*\ idrak ; <j*L-^ 

ihsaa ; &*-U. hassiya-t ; ^e* fahm 

(pi. fje* fubum). 
Pebceptive, adj. d)±+ mudrik; 

<j~*~ muhiss. 
Pebch, 8. (for a bird) <k\** 'aeaya-t. 
Pebch, v. »*** qa'ad, yaq'ud ; p*+ 

jagam, yajsim. 
Pebchance, adv. ~\i\t*\ ittifaqan ; 

Ut) rubbama. 
Pebcolatb, v. { J^» saffa, yusaffi; 

jj^ rawwaq, yurawwiq. 
Percolation, $. &**** tajfiya-t. 


Percol/ltoBj *. 8Uo* misfat ; AjlAo* 

m i« fay a- 1 ; j«t; rawuq. 
Pebcussion, 8. a*ju> sadma-t ; j»J^» 

tasadduui ; a>j* darba-t. 
Perdition, 8. **3)U halak; ^Af* 

harab ; ±<* baid ; )p» subur. 
Peregrinate, v. s-»^ garab, yag- 

rub; s-»^*» tagarrab, yatagarrab. 
Peregrination, a. l*£ gurba-t ; 

v»;*> t agar rub ; yu safar (pi. 

j\kJ\ asfar) ; &*W~ siyaha-t. 
Peremptory, adj. gtVi qa^i* j g*a* 

muqni*; *U gafi; &*p" rau- 

Perennial, adj. ^j dayim ; J^U. 

halid ; J^U makid. 
Perfect, adj. J*tf kaniil; J*£* 

mukammal; ft tamni ; fU> ta- 

mam ; J^ wafi. 
Perfect, t?. J*£ kammal, yukam- 

mil ; p+5 tam mam, yutammim. 
Perfection, Perfectness, *. JU^ 

kamal; j»U^^ ^ JU53\ al-kamal 

wa-'t-tamam; &~i> facjila-t (pi. 

J«Ui fa^ayil). 
Perfidious, adj. ^U hay in ; ^\^ 

hawwanj ;*>U gadir; j\j^ gad- 

Perfidy, a. &^ hiyana-t ; j±k 

Perforate, t;. s-^ saqab, yagqub ; 

•aw nafaz, yanfiz; csIa ,4akk, ya- 

Perforation, a. s-*# §aqb. 
Perforator, *. s-JU^ misqab (pi. 

s-^^« masaqib). 
Perforce, adv. ^j& qahran ; *\^- 

j a bran ; "\^*t gas ban. 
Perform, v. (carry out) ^jti qada, 

yaqcji; J^ kammal, yukammil ; 

^** tammim, yutammim ; J^^ 

'amil, ya'mal. — (play on an in- 

strument) j*> daqq, yaduqq. — (as 

an actor) J» naqal, yanqul ; JdJ 

qallad, yuqallid. 
Performance, «. (execution) J*fi 

'arnal ; Ui qi^a ; i#*B taqdiya-t. 

— (entertainment) £>j* farja-t ; 

^y nauba-t; *t?JS taqlid ; h-»*5 

•a^> la*b taqlid. 
Perfume, e. W» tib (pi. V W 


Digitized by 







^. '^'» .r p.- -t ' **;;*.- 
^«* -*'*.* r. j'i'i*r;r; JU- La± _.*,.. 

pMrc***, * x -«* ***!-**- 
Pee*t;*eet, *. *~* -t»:£r :I. of 

t /- 'Ho, 

Fee* r;*oroET 5 <*///. Jy*** irAsrf'iL 
Peemap*, adz. <* Smr ^ *asa ann ; 
'«**' ittjfa/jan ; J*J la'aLI ; ^ 

Peejcaedtcm, r s-J-^ *r»***- hijab 

Peeiheljob, *. ^ ^31 jaj- *^i1 
c r ,> rt i ^ aqrab inauja' al-arc) 'an 

Peril, $. f± h*tar f pi. ;£*-1 ahtarj ; 
*^*fc* muhatara-t ; w>^ hauf; 
&U<* tnabafa-t. 

Peril, tJ.;»u- fea^ar, yubafir. 

Perilous, a/lj. <-***<•' muhif ; J«^> 
rnubawwif; ^J*. ha{ir; ; £* * 

pERiLou«H£f<0, *. S^W* muhata- 

Period, # , (cycle) jy> daur (pL j^*rt 
adwAr); 4y nauba-t (pi. vm* 
nuwab;. — (a^e) u^ waqt (pi 
***^ auqAt) ; ^Uj zamAn (pi. 
0^)t aziiiMii, Aa*j1 azmina-t, ^1 
azniun) ; A»^a «ahd (pi. «>je* 
'ubud) ; ft. « a sr (pi. ; Uc\ a'sar, 
)*•* 'u^hr).— (sentence) *U* jum- 
la-t (pi. J** jumal); h# qatfi- 
va-t (pi. l*Ul qacjAyA).— (end) 
v#*^ intiba; **W nihava-t; fUJ 
tarn am. 

Periodic, Periodical, adj. ^fo* 

Pkkihii, v. «^U halik, vablak; o^ 
bud, yubid; uvil talif, yatlaf; 
^ fiina, \ afna ; ^Jto talAda, ya- 

Pjbiuniiaiilk, **((/'. ^^ f Ant ; J*\) 
zAyil; uh(U iiivj ; ^jti) waqti-y. 

PkUIBHAIILHNEHS, 8. p\)d\ fAfi 

•adam od-dawAin; J\>j zawAlj 
Ui faiiA. 
Perjure, v. j^W uU» balaf bi-'z- 

i—f ; »±~£ Bak^.rankns ; 


ir.~!-;:trr : * 

Pee-ttet. # 

*•► h^n:* ; 

-»• bin* ; ••; /j*** 

ixir: w <^* ^»* Timin 

o^cT ii^«. bijinalt al- 


qivim ; ^«j dawim ; i**Jj— mo- 

Oairama-t ; %»u# sabot ; v^^t* 

^ahut ; * b«qi- 
PtEMAJEyr, adj. ^»tj dajim ; o-ji» 

♦ibit ; j » t m mastamirr ; vi-^U 

Peemeable, o^/. *«* ifcj janfiz fi- 

bi iZ aor.;; M ^ jaqV fi"-hi. 
Permeate, r. ^ j« nafaz fi, jan- 

fi ? J o* ^ q a *a* fi» vaqta*. 
Permissible, ad;. 5}W51 ^-^^ wa- 

jib al-ijaza-t; jWi jujaz (3 aor. 

pass. it.). 
Permission, #. ijW^ ijaza-t; <$2\ 

izn ; i-o^ rubsa-t ; ;^—> da star. 
Permissite, aJj. yo+* mujiz. 
Permit, v. )W\ ajaz, yujiz; q&\ 

azsm, jazan ; ^— samab, yas- 

mab (the latter two witb ^^ dJ 

la-hu bi-se-y); (^J^) * y W\ Ji^ 

(i^j a'ta ijaza-t (izn, ruhsa-t), 

Permit, «. ^U«J\ ^jq j+\ a mr bi- 

fawat al-badayi' ; fa jawaz. 
Permutation, «. Jia-j tabdil ; Jxpi 

tabaddul (pi. <*>)xj tabaddulat) ; 

s-1* qalb. 
Pernicious, adj. *aU^ muhlik; 

<- * &*• mutlif ; yk+ mu^irr; a-ju 


Perniciousness, s. 8/U nuujarra-t ; 

)j* (Jarar. 
Peroration, a. &**U. hatima-t (pi. 

^y» hawatim) ; iisA. hatma-t 

(pi. «^Usa. batainat). 
Perpendicular, ac?;. ^U qayim. 
Perpendicular, *, a^x *amud (pi. 

5a*c\ a*mida-t, A4X 4 umud) ; U. 

^5^^ hatt ^amudi-y (pi. 1»jU* 

hutut, t^U^ afetAt); 

baft mustaqim. 

Digitized by 


Peb] 5 

Perpetrate, adj. sr*#^ irtak^b, 

Perpetration, s. ***\&)\ irtikab. 

Perpetual, adj. ^*> dayim ; (•y** 
midwam ; ^ 1'"^ mustadim ; 
J^W halid ; <^ abadi-y ; sj^r* 
sarmadi-y ; Jty 2 la yazal. 

Perpetuate, v. *\*\ adam, yudim ; 
jJLs. hallad, yuhallid ; ^ ahlad, 
yuhlid; ^ abqa, yubqi; *\ 
abbad, yu'abbid. 

Perpetuation, a. > > £& tahlid ; 
L*\S\ idama-t; Va»\ ibqa. 

Perpetuity, a. fa* da wain ; **j~ 
sarmad; j\y*z~\ istimrar; •*-** 

Perplex, v. ^ feayyar, yuhayyir ; 
o^j bahhat, yubahhit; v£X* ; ra- 
bak, yarbuk;' **U labbak, yu- 

Perplexed, adj. fc>V*- hairan ; 
}***• mutahayyir. 

Perplexity, *. ^ hira-t ; ^iy^ 
taiwis" ; v»^ i<ftirab. 

Perquisite, s. (incidental gain) 
o*V J**"** madhul barrani-y. 

Persecute, v. *+*> 4abad, yadhad ; 
*&»t>\ i4tahad, yad^ahid; f-& 
zalam, yazlim ; ;>-* dajpr, yu- 

Persecution, s. *W*\ id^ihad ; <J* 

Perseverance, Persistence, 

Persistency, *. J*^a* mudawa- 
ma-t ; &*My» muwazaba-t ; q\**\ 
idman ; } \j+z~A istimrar ; j\j*\ 

Persevere, Persist, v. rf* da- 
wam, yudawim ; s-^^ wazab, 
yuwazib (both with J^ 'ala) ; 
iy*\ adman, yudmin (with ace. 
or J* 'ala) ; J> j+z~\ istamarr 
fi, yastamirr. 

Person, s. u**A sahs (pi. u*^M 
ashas) ; Jjj zaul (pi. J^ azwal) ; 
/J nafar (pi. ;to\ anfar) ; ^ 
zalam (pi. ^ zulura).— (appear- 
ance) i )y o sura-t (pl.;r" ? uwar ) 5 
J*i sakl, sikl (pi. J^M aikal, 
J^a Sukul).— (o/ Me 2Vm%) 

S [Pra 

fytf aqnum (pi. (*}W aqanim). 

—.(in grammar) 1st person, f&** 

mutakallim ; 2nd person, s-^U^ 

muhatab ; 3rd person, s-jVfc ga- 

yib. — (a certain person) ($& 

iulan, f. 5 a-t. — (in person) &\M 

bi-zat-hu ; *-** bi-naf s-hu ; <*^*f 

Personage, s. 3/* s-^^-> sahib 

'izza-t (pi. v»W^ asljab) ; J^ 

j*s*+ rajul rau'tabar. 
Personal, adj. ^^» £ahsi-y ; ^J\* 

zati-y; v/>^ hass ; \j>y*£>~ mah- 

Personality, s. 8***** ^ahsiya-t. 
Personate, v. *& qallad, yuqallid ; 

J* naqal, yanqul. 
Personation, s. *£s taqlid. 
Personification, s. (j**^* tasah- 

hus ; (+**& taqnim ; (*& taqan- 

Personify, v. ^ qannam, yuqan- 

Perspective, a. (telescope) SjUtf 

nazzara-t ; {&*»* durbin (Pers.). 

— (in painting, &c.) ^ manzar 

(pi. ^^» manazir). 
Perspicacious, adj. ^ zaki-y ; 

^ ta^in ; &M i'atfn ; W/ j*\ 

ahl firasa-t ; S^->> s-^-^° sa^ib 

ba§ira-t (pi. v»^*^ a^tiab)^ 
Perspicacity, s. ty* zakawa-t; 

i^Li ti^na-t ; S;*** ba-eira-t ; i*\«^ 

hizaka-t ; &-y firasa-t. 
Perspicuous, adj. £±^ wadih; ^fcU 

zahir ; ^-t^* saffaf ; c >/«> sari$. 


^jUj bayan ; t^ idah ; &*f tau- 

dih ; *»-\y» 8a,raha-t. 
Perspibation, 8. £f 'araq. 
Perspire, v. jf *ariq, ya*raq. 
Persuade, v. (induce) ^^ aro!a, 

yurcji; s-U^\ argab, yurgib ; JU\ 

amal, yumil. — (convince) £*i 

qanua', yuqanni* ; g^5\ aqna', 

Persuadable, adj. q*h yunqani* 

(3 aor. vn.) ; a^jIJ\ JjU qabil 

Persuasion, «. (advice) &^*#4 na- 

siha-t. — (conviction) *>U*c\ i c ti- 

Digitized by 





atyab) ; }*■ 'itr (pi. } $* 'utiir) ; 

))&. bahur (pi. *&Aj^e\ bahunit). 
Perfume, v. f*. bahhar, yubahhir ; 

^a. 'attar, yu'aftir ; «3^» hallaq, 

yuhalliq ; £*-*> 4 ama b> yadmuh ; 

(Jam m ah, yudaiumih. 
Perfumer, a. j&* 'a^ar. 
Perfumery, a. jf** 'utur (pi. of 

M 'ft')- 
Perfunctory, ad/. Jy** raagful. 

Perhaps, adv. q\ ^--c *asa ami; 

"UU>\ ittifaqan; >J Wall; U» ; 

Pericardium, 8. s-i*N s-»W°* hijab 

Perihelion, «. ^ ^^ £*y» v>yrt 

( j*4*fcN aqrab inauda' al-ar<J 'an 

Peril, «. j^ ha^ar (pi. j&±\ ah^ar) ; 

S^W- niuhatara-t ; *->f- hauf ; 

&i\±+ mahafa-t. 
Peril, v. ^^ ha^ar, yuha^ir. 
Perilous, adj. «-A*^* muhif ; «-*j 

niuhawwif; ^Je* ha^ir; 

Perilousness, 8. y»U^ niuhata- 

Period, a. (cycle) %<* daur (pi. ;\^ 

adwar) ; &if nauba-t (pi. v»y 

nuwab). — (age) %*>*) waqt (pi. 

*a>\i)\ auqat) ; gUj zaman (pi. 

yUj\ azman, £a*j\ azmina-t, <j*)\ 

azmun) ; *>-6c *ahd (pi. <>}%* 

4 uhud) ; ft 'asr (pi. ^Uc\ a'sar, 

jj*£ «U9ur). — (sentence) &♦* jum- 

la-t (pi. J** juinal); ^-** qacji- 

va-t (pi. ^*Ui qaa'aya). — (end) 

\&*\ intiha ; h^v nihaya-t ; fUJ 

tarn am. 
Periodic, Periodical, adj. ouV* 

Perish, v. ctiU balik, yahlak; *>W 

bad, yabid; U& talif, yatlaf; 

^ tana, \ af na ; ^J& talasa, ya- 

Perishable, adj. ^>^ fani; J*\j 

zayil; ^^ iu\jt ; <j&) waqti-y. 
Perishableness, s. f^^N /•*** 

'adam ad-dawain; J^j zawal; 

U* f ana. 
Perjure, t>.j#ty *-*!* l?alaf bi-'z- 

ziir, yahlif ; *±& nakas,yanku§ ; 
vi-Uft. hanis, yahnas. 

Perjurer, 8. i±J\*- hanis ; v±**^* 

Perjury, s. ^^^- hins ; ^j &~h 
yamin zur; v/>j** <^*+i yamin 
gam us ; Jq*l\ &\*A hiyana-t al- 

Permanence, Permanency, 8. f\£ 
qiyam; f>\^ dawain ; i^^j^ mu- 
dawama-t ; «yW* sabat ; «yj*> 
subut ; ^ baqa. 

Permanent, adj. ^»> dayim ; o*tf 
gabit ; ^« mustamirr ; «^U 

Permeable, adj. M jaj* yanfiz fi- 
hi (3 aor.) ; M ^U* yaqV* fi-hi. 

Permeate, t?. ^j* iw nafaz fi, yan- 

fi ? » o* e 10 * q a ^ a< fi > yaqta*. 
Permissible, adj. SjW^ s-^^ wa- 

jib al-ijaza-t ; jW: yujaz (3 aor. 

pass. IV.). 
Permission, «. i)\+\ ijaza-t; q&\ 

izn ; l**») ruhsa-t ; ;^-*> dastiir. 
Permissive, adj. y*++ mujiz. 
Permit, v. )W\ ajaz, yujiz; qS\ 

azan, yazan ; ^^- sama^, yas- 

mah (the latter two with ^i* *3 

la-hu bi-Se-y); ^^) S y M Jbc^ 

(a-»6.» a'{a ijaza-t (izn, ruhsa-t), 

yu 4 tf. 
Permit, «. jjU^^ «t,\j^ ^\ amr bi- 

fawat al-badayi* ; yy* jawaz. 
Permutation, *. Jja-J tabdil ; J^e* 

tabaddul (pi. i*>W tabaddulat) ; 

s-i5 qalb. 
Pernicious, adj. **U«* muhlik; 

«-*i^ mutlif ; ^4* mu^irr; J^»*^ 

Perniciou8ne8S, 8. ly*+ ma4arra*ti 

Digitized by 




Perpetrate, adj. s-*#>t irtakj,b, 

Perpetration, *. v»^ irtikab. 
Perpetual, adj. f*^*> dayim ; fp±* 

mid warn ; ^•u^ niustadira ; 

jJW halid ; ^^\ abadi-y ; ^^*;- 

sarmadi-y ; Jty 2 la yazal. 
Perpetuate, v. p\*\ adam, yudim ; 

jJ^ hallad, yuhallid ; J^ afclad, 

yuhlid; J*\ abqa, yubqi; ^ 

abbad, yu'abbid. 
Perpetuation, a. ^-tA^ taljlid ; 

&*\S\ idama-t; W ibqa. 
Perpetuity, s. fa* dawam ; ^^ 

sarmad; jV* - * istimrar; J^ 

Perplex, v. ^ ljiayjar, yul?ayyir ; 

o-« bahhat, yubahhit; **X?; ra- 

bak, yarbuk;' **M labbak, yu- 

Perplexed, adj. <$V** bairan ; 

;***• mutahayyir. 
Perplexity, *. ^ foira-t ; u^r^ 

taxis' ; s^V^ i&irab. 
Perquisite, *. (incidental gain) 

o*V Jj*^ madhul barrani-y. 
Persecute, v. ^ dahad, yaxjbad ; 

*&u\ id^ahad, yaftahid; (*J* 

zalam, yaglim ; 7 +* dajjir, yu- 

Persecution, s. ^f^ iftihkd ; ^ 

Perseverance, Persistence, 

Persistency, s. ty±>* mudawa- 

ma .t ; &*ty inuwasaba-t ; q^\ 

idmaaj ;*/•*-* istimrar; }f>\ 


ff*\ aqnum (pi. p^W aqanim). 

— .(in grammar) 1st person, ^*^ 

mutakallim ; 2nd person, s-^»U^ 

muhatab ; 3rd person, s-i^fc ga- 

yib. — (a certain person) <^* 

t'ulan, f. S a-t. — (in person) &\M 

bi-zat-hu ; *~ ** bi-nafs-hu ; &***» 

Personage, s. S/ 5 s-^^-> safcib 

*izza-t (pi. v>W«A asljab) ; J^ 

j**** rajul rau'tabar. 
Personal, adj. ^^^A 3ah§i-y ; J\S 

zati-y; u»^ ba§§ ; u°j*ae« mah- 

Personality, 8. ****** $ah$iya-t. 
Personate, v. & qallad, yuqallid; 

J* naqal, yanqul. 
Personation, 8. ***& taqlid. 
Personification, s. j***** taiah- 

hu§ ; (**& taqnim ; (**& taqan- 

Pbrbonipy, v. (+& qannam, yuqan- 

Perspective, s. (telescope) SjUtf 

nazzara-t ; o*ty*> durbin (Pers.). 

— (in painting, &c.) }**<+ tnanzar 

(pi. pj* manazir). 
Perspicacious, adj. ^± zaki-y ; 

^ t'a^in ; (£*U i'atfn ; l-\f j*\ 

ahl firasa-t; i^ s-^V* $ahib 

ba§ira-t (pi. v»W«\ a?l?ab). 
Perspicacity, s. tySJ zakawa-t; 

£&* ti^na-t ; Sj~aj ba§ira-t ; &>\$b> 

hizaka-t ; &-y firasa-t. 
Perspicuous, adj. j-*^ wa<Jih ; yfclk 

zahir; sJ** saffat* ; c >^* ?ari^. 
Pebspicuouness, Perspicuity, 8. 

oW bayan ; t^ W*b ; c**f tau- 
j;ft *araq. 
iriq, ya'raq. 
duce) <j*)\ ar(Ja, 
^ab, yurgib ; JU 
- (convince) g*S 
ai 4 ; Q#\ aqnaS 

[/• C^ vuuqani' 
£^mL3\ JjU qabil 

id ice) ^»*^ na- 
dion) *>Vasc\ i c ti- 

Digitized by 





qad ; SUs*\ i'timad ; J|J-» tag- 

diq; &k* tabqiq.^ 
Persuasive, adj. }*y» mu'agsir; 

C^U salty. 
Pert, adj. & waqih ; M- safih ; 

t-U aslat. 
Pertain, v. J o°^ ba$9 li> yahuss ; 

s-~ - ^ intasab, yantasib. 
Pertinacious, adj. «x~c 'anid ; **** 

Pertinacity, b. (obstinacy) *>U* 

'inad. — (perseverance) &A\j* mu- 

wazaba-t ; jtj*a-t istimrar. 
Pertinent, adj. <J*V* muwafiq; 

s-*-^ munasib ; <3-*^ lujiq ; 

<3*Ua* mu^abiq. 
Pertinence, Pertinency, *. Ij-U* 

niunasaha-t ; faJ^j* muwafaqa-t ; 

fo)VL* mu^abaqa-t ; iiLJ liyaqa-t. 
Pertne8s, 8. &*»&) waqaha-t ; aa- 

Perturb, v. ;•** kaddar, yukaddir ; 

J*»j* iawwai, yuiawwis (both 

with J^ « a la). 
Perturbation, a. £*& takdir ; ;•**» 

takaddur; ^y&s ta^wis 
Perusal, s. &** qirava-t ; WU*# 

mutala'a-t ; *jto talawa-t ; £*** 

Peruse, v. y qara\ yaqra' ; gJU, 

tala c , yutali' ; J* tala, yatli ; £A<j 

tasaffah, yatasaffah. 
Pervade, v. ^ **> nafaz fi, yan- 

nz ; y\± haraar, yuharair. 
Perverse, adj. (stubborn) ***ad 

'anid ; J^*^> mu'nid ; JtfU* mu- 

'anid. — (wicked) ^ s*arir (pi. 

^yftA aSrar, y^ a&rra') ; »x-*/« 

marid (pi. \*y» niurada) ; ^J** 

£aqi-y (pi. ^A^ asqiya) ; e^^. 

habis (pi. ^* hubasa). 


(obstinacy) *>Uc 4 inad. — (vricked- 
ness) &W*> habasa-t ; /> sarr ; 
5y*>j radii wa-t. 

Perversion, a. s-»^ inqilab ; *>^-i 
fasad ; Si~J&\ infisfid. 

Pervert, v. ^* qalab, yaqlib ; 
qallab, yuqallib; ^r^c 'akas, 
ya'kis ; •>— it afsad, yufsid. 

Pervert, s. *>j~JU mafsud. 

Pervious, adj. M ±**i yunfaz ff-hi 
(3 aor pass.) ; S^\ J*Vi "qabil 

Pest, s. (plague) Wj waba; QfM* 
ta'un. See Pestilence. — (mis- 
chief) &i^°* musaba-t; £«i» bali- 
ya-t (pi. \A balaya) ; ^-^ nahs. 

Pester, v. J*t amall, yumill ; J*j 
za'*al, yuza"il; ^ Jtf saqqal 
'ala, yusaqqil. 

Pestiferous, Pestilent, Pesti- 
lential, adj. ij\i) wabayi-y; 
^U sari; <^**>* mu'di; a-U 
fasid ; J^-^ mufsid ; y** mudirr. 

Pestilence, s. Wj waba (pi. &*#$ 
- aubiya-t) ; e^VL ^a'un (pi. e**^ 
tawa'ic) ; ^ kubba-t. — (epi- 
demic) *l\) \J>j+ marad wafid ; &* 
^ ; U 'illa-t sariya-t (pi. Jic 4 ilal). 

Pestle, a. &•** midaqqa-t (pi. j^ 
madaqq) ; ^^^ ^ vad al-hawaa. 

Pet, *. (fit of sulkiness) ty) zan- 
tara-t (zantara-t) ; ^y^ hawa (pi. 
\y*>\ ahwa). — (favourite) vw fc 

Pet, v. <-A^5 la^af, yula^if . 

Petal, *. ^ kiinm (pi. p\*£\ ak- 
mam, ^U^ kimain, &+£\ akim- 
ma-t) ; g^ ^al*. 

Petition, #. J^ J*f *ar(j[ hal, ^/^ 
*ard (pi. Jt\f\ a*ra4) ; &^ 'urfi- 
da-t ; W» ^alaba-t ; £*S; ruq'a-t 
(pi. £^*; riqa*) ; (j-Ws3\ iltiraas. 

Petition, v. <J>f 'aracj, ya*rid ; jb/\ 
a'rad, yu*rid ; ^r*^^ iltamas, 
yaltamis; ^5^/ tarajja, yata- 

Petitioner, *. JVJ\ jb^ ^-^U 

sahib *ar(J 

1. JVJ\ 
al- tal ; 

£aS< s-^U 

sahib ruq'a-t (pi. v>W«\ ashab) ; 

\J>f<+ mu*rid ; s-J^ t^lib ; u . « .« dU 

Petrifaction, *. ^^ tahjir. 
Petrify, v.a. ^^- fi^>* sayyar-hu 

hajar, yusayyir-hu; n. ^^ ;U 

i?ar hajar, yasir ; ^*- hajjar, yu- 

bajjir; yv* tahajjar, yata^iaj- 

Petticoat, s. ^^ fus^an (pi. 

^^1»UJ fasatfn). 
Pettifogger, *. ty*) lajAj. 

Digitized by 





Pettiness, 8. ;** sugr ; 8;V*-» sacra- 

Pettish, adj. }4y muzantir ; ^j* 

Petti8hne88, s. &^j zantara-t ; ^j* 

hawa (pi. \j*t ahwa). 
Petty, ad/. ^- sagir (pi. ; U* 9 igar, 

\yfc* sugara) ; ;*** sugayyir ; ; U* 

Petulance, *. ^ batar ; *l%e 'aja- 

Petulant, adj. oty* batrftn; 

J^ju~~ musta'jil. 
Pewtee, s. ;**-* qasdir. 
Pewteeeb, 8. ij^y* mubayyid 

(j*A*aHi bi-'l-qasdir). 
Phantasm, Phantom, a. JW- hayal 

(pi &4l\ ahyila-t); UU, {aif ; 

C** £abh, £abah (pi. cW*»^ asbah, 

Cj-a 3ubiih) ; ;>> nuzur. 
Phantastic, Phantastical, adj. 

Ju«s. hayali-y ; ^5*^ wahmi-y. 
Pharmacy, 8. liy&\ ^ 'ilm al- 

Phase, a. fyj* sura-t (pi. ^ suwar) ; 

ls*Jb hai'a-t ; &>j wajh (pi. *^ 

Pheasant, a. &* qij ; &*** qija-t ; 

gy darraj (pi. ^V dar&rfj) ; 

^ ctV>»> dik barri-y. 
Phenix, 8. v»y^ Vftifi 'auqa raagrab. 

— (figuratively) ***») wahid ; *^ 

Phenomenon, a. ^^ nadira-t (pi. 

; *>ty nawadir) ; 4*%* 'ajiba-t (pi. 

s-*W* 'ajayib). 
Phial, s. &a** &Ua.-h (Pers.). 

Philanthropist, s. ^^ 

muhibb an-nas. 
Philanthropy, s. <j*^ **^* ma- 

habba-t an-nas. 
Philologist, «. «^UU^ u^U <arif 

bi-'l-lugat ; ^ lugawi-y ; «^ 

Philology, a. **W ^ ilm al- 

luga-t; «wUU\ iiy^ ma'rifat al- 

Philosopher, s. {**£** hakim (pi. 

UiU. huk.ima) ; »^j-M failasuf 

(pi. &L^ falasifa-t). 
Philosophic, Philosophical, adj. 

^a-U falsafi-y; ^j-U failaeu- 

Philosophise, v. u A«J i falsaf, yu- 

falsif; «-*-** tafalsaf, yatafal- 

Philosophy, a. &~i* filsafa-t, fal- 
saf a- 1; UUJ* tafalsuf; ***». 
Phlegm, a. ^ balgam (pi. (**&* 

Phlegmatic, ai/. <j**l* balgami-y. 
— (sluggish) &^Z\ ^^ 'adim al- 
haraka-t; e^>*N *>;W barid al- 

mizaj ; sV^H J* bitf-y al-mas*- 

rab ; J-^* mutakasil. 
Phonetic, adj. I J^ lafzi-y. 
Phonetics, s. iwhK ,*ic 'ilm at- 

Phosphorus, 8. jy*~* f usfur. 
Phrase, a. W luga-t (pi. «*^ 

lugat, <^*1 lagun, ^ lugan) ; 

S;W* 'ibara-t ; *W jumla-t ; **** 

Phraseology, a. c^ 8 *^ i?til ft ^; )^ 

^\ ^arz al-kalam ; ^W- muha- 

Phrensy, Phrenzy, a. q)j*+ junAn ; 

^V^-jA hayajan. 
Physic, *. (science of) &+£*• hik- 

ma-t ; ^rJ» \\bh ; h-JJ^ ^ 'ilm 

at-tfbb. — (medicine) \y* dawa 

(pi. h^ adwiya-t) ; $** 'ilaj ; 

ij^a* sarba-t (pi. v»/» ^irab). 
Physic, v. ^55^ J dawa, yudawi ; ^^ 

'alaj, yu'alij ; k^ »^-» saqa-hu 

adwiya-t, yasqi-hu. 
Physical, adj. , ^«**k tabH-y ; ^^^ 

garizi-y ; ^a^ halqi-y ; ^yU 

zatf-y ; v ^. jibilli-y. 
Physicia-N, s. (*£*• ^akira (pi. UXa. 

hukama) ; s-^» ^abib (pi. WW 

Physics, *. (natural philosophy) fM 

l***U\ Ua3\ 'ilm al-aSya at-tabil- 

ya-t ; «yW*t«^^ ^ c 'iim at-tabi'i- 

Physiognomist, a. &~J\jk s-^-V* 

sahib firasa-t (pi. s-»^*^ as^ab). 
Physiognomy, *. &*£\ &<& hiyat al- 

wajh ; ^-3 laha-t. — (science of) 

L+\j&\ ^le ( ilm al-nrasa-t. 

Digitized by 


***] 286 

Physiology, *. l**± {abi'a-t (pi. 
^^ tabi«at, &l± {abayr). 

PlASTER, 8. v>/ gid (pi. Jk.A 

Piazza, «. j^. suq (pi. jy.t as- 

Pick, v. («efec*) <j* naqqa, yunaq- 
qi; } \s*\ ihtar, yahtarj JL>\ i 9 - 
tafa, ya^tafi.— ( pluck) ^ jana, 
yajnj ; Ute qataf, yaqtif.— (toike 
«p) M laqat, yalqut.— ( ptercc) 
<^* ta'an, yafun, yafan; y& 
nahaz, yanhaz ; j^ garaz, yag- 
riz.— {pick the teeth) JU hallal, 
Pick-axe, s. Jyu. mi'wal (pi. J^U. 
ma'awil); ; ,o*. ma'dftr; yU 
Pickle, v. u~*S kabas, yakbis ; ^U 

mallah, yumallih. 
Pickles, s. JU*' muhallal ; JU*. 

Pickpocket, «. «j-U* haraini-y • 
JUi na&Al. ' ' 

Pic-nic, *. &•#* 'azuina-t. 
Pictorial, adj. ) y^ mugawwar. 
Picture, s. fa 9 &ra-t (pi. )r o 
suwar); jty* taswir (pi. ^U 
tasawir) ; Jr » ta$awwur ; ju» 
niqsS (pi. jfcy» nuqAs). 
Picture, v. ^ ?awwar, yu^awwir; 
cr^ naqai, yanqas.— (describe) 
«-A-j wasaf, yasif . 
Picturesque, adj. &** mubhij, 

inubahbij ; ££&* mu^ki'. 
Pie, 8. ijjd fatfra-t (pi. jtf* f a ^a- 
yir, »U faturat); fc^*~ 
sarnbtisaka-t ; ^JU^ mahstf-y. 
Piece, ,. Ul qifa-t (pi. ^ q i ta <, 
qu$a'); *j — £ kisra-t (pi. yL* 
kisar) ; ls^ bitka-t ; &fe sa q f a .t 
(pi. ux* Saqaf); ^ ^r^a-t; 
*& filza-t (pi. Jdi filaz, SU\ 

Piecemeal, adv. '\ « U . muqat- 

Pier, « (da W ) ^ j isr ( L 
jusftr) ; ^ sudd (pi. ^Ju. sudfid) 
—(pillar) o r W «amud (pi. ju*U 
'awamid); SoUe <idada-t (vA 
*Ud ^ayid). VF 


Pierce, v. Atf nafaz, yanfiz; s-* 
gaqab, yasqub ; J&. bahag, yab- 

Piety, «. ^y? taqwa; 8*1© taqa- 
wa-t ; S*>W* 'ibada-t ; *aLi nask ; 
&^*> diyana-t ; £# wara'. 
Pig, «. jiy± hinzir (pi. jyL* hana- 

Pigeon, s. fU*> Jjamam ; X-U*> ^a- 
mama-t (pi. ,*U*. hamayim) ; 
^•Ui yamama-t. 
Pigeon-house, «. r U. ^ burj 

feamain (pi. cp» buruj). 
Pigment, «. e / laun (pi. e ^\ al- 

wan) ; ^W- sibag. 
Pigmy, s. l^U. hati?. 
Pike, «. (spear) ^ harha-t (pi. 
v»/- hirab) ; ^. ; rurnb (pi. c^ 
armah, c^; rumah) ; 8Ui qanat 
(pi. &\yi3 qanawat, Ui qina). — 
(fish) ,J\jU\ «tU. samak al- 
Pikeman, *. U qanna ; c^j ram- 

Pile, «. (fer^e building) 8>Uc «i ma . 
ra-t ; U| bind (pi. l<#\ abniya-t). 
—(heap) l+f kauma-t, kuma-t 
(pi. r \f\ akwam, r U kuwam) ; 
r/ kum (pi. yU,/ kiman).— 
(«teArc) *S) watad (pi. jIj.\ autad) ; 
*3 U feazuq (pi. j^y hawaziq)! 
-—(Aairy surface) ^ wabar (pi. 
jty aubar). 
Pile, v. g** jama', yajma 4 ; *•/ 
kawwam, yukawwim ; ^ lamm, 
yalumm j ^ *arram, yu'arrim. 
Piles, s. ;r -W basur; ^-^ bausir 

(pi. yt^J^ bawasir). 
Pilpeb, v. s-y nahab, yanhab; 

s-X- salab, yaslub. 
Pilfeber, *. v»W> nahh4b (pi. S>U* 

Pilgrim, «. ^\; zayir (pi. .U Z uw- 
war).~(to J/ecca) ^ $ajj (pi. 
CV- hujjaj). — (to Jerusalem) 
cr***** maqdasi-y (pi. i-jUu ma . 
Pilgrimage, s. «»ly ziyara-t ; ^U 
siyaha-tj ^ bajj.— (^o o» ^iT- 
grimage) ]\j zar, yazur. — (h 
Mecca) ^ Jjajj, yal^ujj.-— (to 

Digitized by 





Jerusalem) y-^ taqaddas, yata- 

Pill, *. s-«* babb; &*». Ijabba-t 

(pi. v»j*»- bubub). 
Pillage, *. h-JL- salab (pi. **iX+\ 

aslab) ; &*6* nubba-t ; s-*6* na- 

bib ; 8)Vfc gara-t. 
Pillage, v. s-$* nabab, yanbab ; 

h-JL- salab, yaslub. 
Pillar, 5. *y«Vc 'amud (pi. -V^j* 

'awamid); k>L*> 'idada-t (pi. 

J^Uc «a4ayid) ; <J*<S kabs" (pi. 

^>Wtf akb&). 
Pillory, 8. j^» {auq (pi. jUM 

a^waq) ; **-W jami'a-t (pi. £•*)+ 

Pillow, s. $Aafc* mabadda-t ; $& 

taka'a-t; J? tall (pi. JW atlal). 
Pilot, s. s-**y*N J«Vi qayid al-mar- 

kab ; s-^y» rfJ^ nmdabbir mar- 

kab ; U»jl* bilota. 
Pilot, t?. s-**/*M ;»*> dabbar al-mar- 

kab, yudabbir. 
Pimple, *. 8yt* basra-t (pi. ^ 

busftr) ; &*»> tabba-t. 
Pin, s. v-tfJ dabbiis (pi. ^r-**^ 

dababis). — (peg) ^ watad (pi. 

oty autad). 
Pin, v. o-yJ^W *W§abba-t bi-'d- 

dabb&s, yusabbit. 
Pincers, s. l&S kallaba-t (pi. ct>W^ 

kallabat, s-J^ kalaHb) ; e**tf 

kalbaten; ^V* miqras. 
Pinch, v. yj>£ qaras, yaqrus ; j*A 

lamas, yalmus. 
Pinch, *. ^J qarsa-t. 
Pine, s. pf* eanaubar. 
Pine, v. ^j*J*\ in<Jana, yan<Jani ; 

J^*M intabal, yanta^il; «-A** 

Ja'af , yaxj'uf . 
Pine-apple, s. &A3 qai{a-t; i$t* 

u*W 'ain an-nas (pi. (^** 'uyAn). 
Pinion, *. (wing) c^ janab (pi. 

£*^ ajnilia-t, &+ junu^). — 

(fetter) wArf kitaf (pi. d^ kutf). 
Pinion, v. *-&s£ kataf, yaktif ; kat- 

taf , yukattif . 
Pink, 8. (flower) Ja^i qaranful. — 

— (colour) <>)) ward; ^^ war- 

Pinnacle, $. fy burj (pi. ttf 

buruj, g^ abraj); &j* surfa-t 
(pi. ^Jj± suraf, cyUyk Surafat). 

Pioneer, *. ^Ab bal^aji-y. 

Pious, adj. J& taqi (pi. \*8\ at- 
qiya) ; a*«s* muta'abbid ; **Ju-V* 
nasik ; ^«U galih (pi. ^U gula- 
t a ) J C* U 9alit ; fj; wari*. 

Pip, *. (seed) s-^ babb (pi. v*;**- 
hubub, ^W*. hubban). 

Pip, v. (peep) jjyij zaqzaq, yuzaq- 
ziq ; s^yo gausa, yusaugi. 

Pipe, s. (musical instrument) SjU* 
gafara-t ; j^»y mizinar (pi. ytAy 
mazamir). — (for smoking tobacco) 
jp* cbibiiq, *«X-a sibuk (Turk.). 
— (tube) i—g-aS qasaba-t; ^>pi\ 
anibiib (pi. s-*-«»^^ anabib). — 
(barrel) £& battiya-t (pi. ^Uf 

Pipe, v. ^j zaniar, yazmur; zam- 
mar, yuzammir. 

Piquant, adj. u^ hirrif. 

Pique, s. { j^ bugd ; afc- haqd (pi. 
*J± buqiid); ji gill; 1~\±S 
kaiia^a-t; J^ kaid. 

Pique, v. (irritate) l\t\ agaz, yugiz ; 
^ naka, yanki ; /W jakar, yu- 
jakir. — (pride oneself ) f& fabar, 
yafbar; j&s tafabbar, yatafab- 
bai- ; /L&\ iftahar, yaftabir. 

Piracy, *. )^JB taqiiit. 

Pirate, s. s-^/* v»V darrab mara- 
kib (pi. *?U* <Jarraba-t); iUJ 
qai^at (pi. iLUJ qa^^ata-t) ; ^^ 
^«J^ harami-v al-bahr ; ^^j za- 
bantut ; <^^i qursaii. 

Piss, v. £* iabb, yaiubb ; JW bal, 
yabiil ; J^ bawwal, yubawwil. 

Piss, v. Jy b61 ; fe^A ^abab. 

Pistachio, *. ^H«i fistiq, fustaq. 

Pistol, s. ^J» tabanja-t ; oy 
fard (pi. terf furiida-t) ; fl M* 
bi^61a-t (pi. JJtU, baSatfl). 

Pistol, v. ^jl4> v»/* 4arab taban- 
ja-t, ya^rib. 

Pit, s. fl qa'r (pi. jfi qu 4 iir) ; ^ 
bir (pi. jW»\ abyar, jW abar) ; j\t 
gar (pi. ^\^ agwar, q\j<£ giran) j 
s-^ jubb (pi. v»W^ aibab, v»W 

Pit, v. ^1 qa'ar, yaq'ar. — (set 

Digitized by 





against in competition) J?U qabal, 

Pit-a-pat, s. {palpitation) ^Va^ 
s-latt (b+j) hafaqan (rajfa-t) al- 

Pitch, «. (tar) c^j zift ; ^1 qir ; ^tyri 
qatran, qi^ran ; p-*** balansam. 
—(height) \*5j\ irtifa; jl* 'ulu-w. 
— (degree) J^ hadd (pi. o^j^ 
tudud) ; *a*L fabaqa-t. 

Pitch, v. (smear with pitch) ^ 
qayyar, yaqayyir. — (fling) <-J±* 
fcazaf , yafczif ; ^ rama, yarmi. 
— (set up) s— a* nasab, yaneub. — 
(fall headlong) U- saqat, yas- 
qut ; & waqa', yaqa*. — (pitch 
upon) j&»\ ihtar, yahtar ; s-^xrt 
intahab, yantahib. 

Pitcher, s. jfc^ ibnq (pi. ^^ 
abariq, St^\ abariqa-t). 

Piteous, adj. (exciting pity) fry 
s-toN inawajji* al-qalb; s-*^ 
&ta*A\ wajib ai-safaqa-t; ^j^ 
mubakka ; q)-*" muhazzan. — 
(compassionate) jya» 6af uq ; ,jaa* 
musnq ; ^^ ra^im ; s-J&N jfeSj 
raqiq al-qalb. 

P1TEOU8NE88, s. 8 J zilla-t; SjUfc. 

Pit-fall, s. k£\ ugwiya-t (pi. 
i3)\t\ agawi). 

Pith, s. (of plants) s-J lubb (pi. 
v»j*J lubub) ; ij*+sA\ s-ii qalb a4- 
sajara-t.— (the best of a thing) 
vJ lubb ; &•!«. hulaaa-t.— (force) 
Sy quwwa-t. 

Pitiable, adj. Ua»}\ s-*U wajib 
ar-rafcma-t ; fateA\ s-*j*-i istau- 
jib ai-safaqa-t. 

Pitiful, adj. (exciting pity) s-JV 
&aaM jalib ai-safaqa-t. — (com- 
passionate) ^^ } ratiim ; jy^ 
safiiq ; «JkA* safiq ; «jA£*» mu6- 
fi( l> ^/-j; ra'uf— ( paltry) ^ 
haqir; J»> dani-y ; JjJ zalil. 

Pitifulne88, s. (misery) S^Va* saqa- 
wa-t. — (pity) W> raljma-t ; &aa 
safaqa-t. — (paltriness) &* $il- 
la-t ; 5)Vfi». kaqara-t. 

Pitiless, adj. &MJJ\ ^j* 'adim ai- 

6afaqa-t; <jeA~ ^ gair saf iq ; 
^5-Vi qasi. 
Pitile8SNE88, s. &&*A\ (*<** 'adam 

Pittance, s. &-*s> hissa-t (pi. ^p*** 
hisas) ; s-Jfy ratib ; £*-~5 qisma-t. 
Pity, s. &♦**; rah ma- 1 ; p*»js tarah- 
fcuin; *+*/• marhama-t; &M* 
safaqa-t ; &\> rafa-t. 
Pity, v. ^ o*** safuq 'ala, yasfaq ; 
Jc u\"\j> tara'af 'ala, yatara'af; 
y-fc^ tahannan, yatahannan. 
Pivot, s. s\±+ madar ; i^ai qu^ba-t ; 
jy*~ mihwar (pi. j^» mahawir). 
Placable, adj. pj*- haliui; ^)U 

mulayim ; jkit gafir; ^ gafiir. 
Placableness, 8. fJ** hilni ; <U*)U 

mulayama-t : ^Uaa gufran. 
Placard, «. ^Jic^ i'lam. 
Place, *. J^« matall (pi. JW* 
mahall) ; a ^5U makan (pi. ^*Ut 
amakin, &jSi*\ amkina-t) ; &y 
mau^a* (pi. &\y mawadi') ; fVa* 
maqam. — (public place) M\* 
bazar ; j^- siiq (pi. J\^\ aswaq). 
— (office) l~**d» hidma-t; s-^^» 
man8ab (pi. s-**^* manasib) ; 
^t^j wazifa-t (pi. «-^^ wagayif). 
— (rank) fay martaba-t (pi. 
s-*y maratib); &J> tabaqa-t; 
&y~ manzala-t (pi. Jj^» inana- 
zil)— (stead) &y maiuja* ; ^Va^ 
Place, v. &>, wa4a 4 , yacja'; U. 

hatt, jahutt ; J«^ ja'al, yaj 4 al. 
Placid, adj. j**!*- tialim; gjjj 
wadi' ; r W- salim (pi. UJu sula- 
Placidne88, s. J°» tilm ; £^U 
mulayama-t ; &-+fu na^ma-t ; 
b)i* 4 uzuba-t ; icU^ wacjia'a-t. 
Plagiarise, v. Je* nahal, yan^al ; 

s }+&\ intabal, yantahil. 
Plagiarism, s. J^si\ intihal. 
Plagiarist, s. J<*«* munta^il; 

j^. sarraq. 
Plague, s. (pestilence) Qf^ foun 
(pL {$**\f> tawa 4 in); ^ waba 
(pi. &<*)\ aubiya-t).— (nuisance) 
&*>* taedi'; u&s taklif (pi. 
ug^F takAlif). 

Digitized by 





Plaotte, v. £•** sadda', yusaddi'; 
«Jd*kallaf, yukallif ; J^ amall, 
yumill ; Jcj za"al, yuza"il. 
Plaid, s. W* 'aba (pi. &***\ a'bi- 

ya-t, ,^* 'ubi) ; JU-fc* mi^mal. 
Plain, adj. (level) is^—" musawi ; 
«^y- sawi-y ; f^L » musattab 5 
W~4 basfy. — (unadorned) &y yt£ 
gair muzayyan ; jy j^t gair 
muzawwaq ; ^y^y ^A gair mu- 
zahraf. — (artless) e*>U sadij (pi. 
g^Ju suddaj). — (clear, evident) 
f\± zahir; ^-*^ wadil?; e*W 

Plain, 0. Je- sahl; &6~ sahla-t 
(pi. Jje- subul) ; U»j wata* ; *** 
buq'a-t; **-$ wus'a-t; fU qa* 
(pi. go* qi', ***S qi'a-t, <$^**S 

Plain, v. ^j- sawwa, yusawwi ; 
^Jft- sattah, yusattih ; Je- sah- 
hal, yusahhil ; J^» niahnad, yu- 

Plain-dealer, s. ^U salih (pi. 
^yJU sali ^ An, c^° sullah) ; J*>U 
sadiq ; <jA\± halis ; <joU?* muh- 

Plain-dealing, s. c^*» salah ; jju» 
sidq ; &W sadaqa-t ; \s>i±\ ih- 

Plainness, *. (evenness) l\)\~* mu- 
sawat. — (clearness) c^ idah. — 
(want of ornament) £***>L» sada- 
jiya-t. — (sincerity) &flju> sada- 

Plaint, s. k\*± Sikaya-t; \/*» 
sakwa ; J^y nauha-t. 

Plaintiff, «. ^^ tahim ; ^J^ 

Plaintive, ad/. {t J^» saki ; ^^a^ 

Plaintiveness, s. ^**s tasakki. 

Plait, s. (fold) U> tfya-t; kf* 
tawiya-t ; ***> §anya-t. — (of hair) 
S^A-ft dafira-t (pi. ;»Va* dafayir) ; 
&>>*+ jadila-t (pi. J*W jadayil). 

Plait, v. ^^ tawa, yatwi ; ^y> 
sana, yasni ; J^ jadal, yajdil ; 
y^ 4affar, yudaffir. 

Plan, s. (drawing) ^-j rasm (pi. 
ff) rusum). — (plot) ^^ gara<J 

(pi. J>\fi\ agra<J); J-l qasd; 
*>•**• maqsud (pi. j^*U^ maqa- 

Plan, v. (draw up a plan) p~j 
raaara, yarsum ; jy sawwar, yu- 
sawwir. — (scheme) a-J qasad, 
yaqeid; <**& taqassad, yataqas- 
8ad ; ^ dabbar, yudabbir; j+*\ 
admar, yu<Jmir. 

Plane, *. (tool) fyU fara-t; c^j 
randaj; X^~* masha-t. — (level 
surface) ^- sa{lj (pi. tj+* 

Plane, v. 5^Va5W e~* masab bi-'l- 
fara-t, yamsalj ; 5^ randaj, yu- 

Planet, s. S;W. &+*r najma-t say- 
yara-t; fyC, sayyara-t. 

Planetary, adj. ssA^J\ u a*> ya- 
huss aa-sayyarat ; ^£1* falaki-y ; 
^fr nujumi-y. 

Plank, s. t} lauh (pi. e\)N alwah) ; 
^^ daff; b* daffa-t (pi. *Ji* 

Plank, v. tft ^* farai bi-'l-lau^, 
yaf ru^ ; o*^ tahhat, yutahhit. 

Plant, s. *&>M nabat ; ^*W* naba- 
ta-t ; &*-«* nasba-t (pi. «t>W-* nae- 
bat) ; <j-^ girs ; i-^A girsa-t (pi. 
u - ^ agras, (j-^A. gurus) ; s— *^ 
'u^b (pi. st>Il*\ 2L l £kb) ; ibA ^at- 

Plant, v. ^^ garas, yagris ; s— ^ 
nasab, yansub ; nassab, yunas- 

Plantation, s. (planting) y*yk 
gars ; s— «* uasb. — (nursery) y-y^ 
magris (pi. (j*j*" magaris) ; «JU 
j\+*\ saff a^jar. 

Planter, *. <j-^ garras. 

Plaster, «. (j~** jibs ; e>«-at^ jab- 
sin ; ja* jas8, ji88. — (for wounds) 
f+bf uiarham (pi. (**\y mara- 
him) ; fioU-* (Ji ma da-t ; ty laz- 

Plaster, v. (walls) <j~H layyas, 
yulayyis; (j*^^ jabbas, yujab- 
bis; u*-* jassas, yujassis.— 
(dress wounds) »u-a daraad, ya4- 
mud ; &y i»- hatt lazqat, ya- 


Digitized by 





Plasterer, $. ( j »— J U mulayyis; 

(j-W jab baa. 
Plat, s. to* quta'-t (pi. gjLi quta'). 
Plate, s. (dish) &** ga^n (pi. 

e>^* sufcun); £L sittiya-t.— 

(silver plate) *a>1*aaH al-fiddiyat. 

—(flat piece of metal) tj laulj. 

— (engraving) I a,» naqsa-t. — 

(armour) fy dir* (pi. £\,j\ adra 1 , 

f^ duru'). 
Plate, v. v» Jt Jala bi, yatli; £*-> 

saffalj, yusaffilj. 
Plateau, s. ^ najd (pi. .v nujud, 

•>W anjad). 
Plater, «. *L taJia. 
Platform, ». (for speaking) j*±+ 

mambar (pi. j\t+ manabir).— (of 

houses) tr ^m gath (pi. ty jL 

Plating, s. JI> tali ; a*1L {alya-t. 
Platinum, Platina, s. J^\ s-*^ 

zahab abya<jL 
Platter, s. <>*I. tabaq (pi. jWU 

Plaudit, s. Ok**? tagfiq ; AJ^r tah- 

PLAU8IBILITY, «. J^J *#U*. mUsA- 

babat li-fcaqq ; J**U vy qU rb 
li-'l-'aql ; OSU*. niu£akala-t. 

Plausible, a<#. j^u muqni* ; J*A* 
yuqbal; J^ s-^ wAjib al- 
qabul; J£lJ s-2,S qarib li-'l- 
'aql; <J^ *M* mu&bih li-'l- 
baqq ; s— U* munasib. 

Plat, «. s-*Ua 4 ab; M la'ba-t.— 
(theatrical performance) ^s w-*5 
la'ab taqlid. 

Play, v. s-*5 la*ib, yal'ab; s-*S 
l&'ab, yula'ib; s-*W da'ab, yu- 
da'ib.— (a musical instrument) j*> 
daqq, yaduqq (with prep. J* 
'ala) ; sy* 4arab, yatfrib.— (act) 
^ qallad, yuqallid. 

Plater, s. (of an instrument) ^y 
naubati-y ; v>A~ mutrib.— (actor) 
h^^\ wd la"ibal-komadiya-t. 
— (at a game) s-^3 la"ib. 

Playful, ad;. s-**J la"ib; s-*!U 
mula'ib ; JkyLf bas^ ; a& fakih. 

Platfulness, s. &*£%• mula'aba-t ; 
**U* basalt. 

Plaything, s. W la'ba-t ; fag^* * 

Plea, s. (speech t in defence) 8UW* 
muhamat ; £«*W* muhamiya-t. 
— (#t*tf at law) 3j*»> da'wa-t; 
A*j-*- huguma-t; £** ^iijja-t. — 
(excuse) j±* 'uzr (pi. j\Sc\ 'a'zar) ; 

j&2*\ i'tizar; %*** ma'zira-t (pi. 

jA\m+ ma'azir). 
Plead, v. ^ ^^ ham a 'an, yu- 

tami; g*^ hajaj, yuhajij. — 
(plead guilty) w^-j*^ i'taraf, 

Pleading, *. eW*^ ihtijaj ; **W* 

mu^ajja-t ; S^W* niuhadara-t. 
Please, v. U^ raxja, yardu ; ^j\ 

arda, yurdi; ^ basat, yabsut; 

oJJ lazzaz, yulazziz ; s ^» ^ a* jab, 

Pleasant, adj. c-AJJ latif ; J^* 

maqb&l ; h& laziz ; &w babij ; 

<^A fakih. 
Pleasantness, b. i*UJ latafa-t ; 

*JtfJ lutf ; W lazza-t (pi. *t\X 

Pleasantrt, «. &UJ latffa-t ; ^^> 

tahrij ; tj* mazh (pi. c\)«* mizao) ; 

& J +~ i basativa-t ; AAlXi fukaha-t. 
Pleasing, adj. J^A* maqbul ; l»— <-* 

Pleasure, *. i^J lazza-t; tU-ei^ 

imbisat ; )#* surur ; S^-^ masar- 

Plebeian, adj., s. ^^ 'ummi-y ; 

/•Vc 'amm (pi. ^^ 'awam). — 

(Zow) ^ fcaqir ; gU^ wacji'. 
Pledge, s. (^ rahn (pi. oA 

ruhun, (jj^>j rihan) ; i^A; rani- 

na-t (pi. ^Va ; rahayin); ytfj* 

'urbun ; Qy**j ra'bun. — (promise) 

**) wa'ad ; Soe^ wa*ada-t ; *>)*y 

mau'ud (pi. J^^ mawa'id). 
Pledge, v. y*) rahan, yarbun ; 

^\j rahan, yurahin ; <j+* dam- 

man, yudammin. — (in wine) J>^- 

saqa, yusaqi. 
Plenart, adj. A*\Z kamil (pi. SUi' 

kamala-t) ; *U> tamam, ^U* 

tamami-y ; fU tamm. 

Plenitude, s. JW kanial ; Su*^ 
imtala* ; yu? tamallu'. 

Digitized by 





Plenteous, Plentiful, adj. jt^ 

kagir (pi. ; U£ kigar) ; £\) wafir ; 

(jAjV* fayifl; ^j zayid ; jiyfc ga- 

Plenty, Plenteousness, Plenti- 

FULNBS8, s. lj£ kagra-t ; S/j 

wafra-t; ^f± } ruhs ; Uy ra^a; 

uoei f ai4 ; fo\y ziyada-t ; S^j* 

Pliable, Pliant, adj. { j^j rat?; 

CjJ layyin ; ^5^ yangani ; ^5*^*4 

yanhani (3 aor. vn.) ; $f&\ J»Vj 

qabii al-'awaj ; fcjUtt J*-, sahil 

Pliablene88, Pliability, Pli- 
ancy, 8. c y*N l^M qabiliya-t al- 

4 auj ; &WJ layana-t. 
Pliers, 8. l*$+ mizrada-t ; l±\*& 

Plight, 8. y~& 'usr. 
Plod, v. s-**» ta'ib, yat'ab. 
Plot, 8. (piece of land) (^) Wal 

qu^at (ard) (pi. (fi qu^a').— 

(design) *** niya-t ; »W qasd; 

U^* gara4 (pi. j^/* agratf) ; 

jrfJtf tadbir ; &** Jila-t (pi. A^ 

ljuyal). — (conspiracy) y\** tana- 

Plot, v. (conspire) y\& tahamar, 

yatahamar. — (plan) $<> dabbar, 

yudabbir ; y+*\ atfmar, yudmir. 
Plotter, s. (conspirator) £«* s-^-^-» 

sahib fitna-t. — (inventor) £ «>W 

ba'di* ; tfsk* muhtari'. 
Plough, s. *±>^* mibra§ ; »M^* 

mi^rag (pi. «^jW» mahang) ; 

<^ faddan (pi. &*\ ^ fadkdin) ; 

u**a* hais. 
Plough, v. ^jl\ ±>j* ljarag al-artf* 

yahrag; *±>\^*JW & falah bi-'l- 

mi^rag, yafluh. 
Ploughman, a. «±*;^ barig (pi. 

*a»W hurrag); *±»U^ harras; c^* 

Pluck, v. uU qa{af, yaqtif ; cf*+ 

jana, yajni; ULtf nataf, yantif; 

gU qala 1 , yaqla*. 
Pluck, *. (heart, liver, &c.) jW 

mi'laq (pi. <jJU* ma'aliq).— 

(courage) vJM *y quwwat al- 

qalb ; &*l*fc sahama-t. 

Plug, «. Ma~ sidada-t (pi. J^a- 

Plug, v. a~ sadd, yasudd. 
Plum, *. o°^ ijja? ; yj>W\ injas 

(%2tf>0 ; fcj* bauh, bob (Syria) ; 

jjfy barquq. 
Plumage, s. vrty ris* (pi. y>^; 

riyai, y>^ aryai). 
Plumb, *. q*\* fadin (pi. g*>V fa- 

wadin) ; <j*V*i qiyas ; JjJ*. jad- 

wal (pi. JjW jadawil). 
Plumb, oa*/. (perpendicular) (*\* 

qayim ; ^j** 'amudi-y. 
Plumb, v. ^oVaJW j*~ sabar bi-'l- 

fadin (J»UJV* bi-'s-saqul), yas- 

Plumber, s. ^^ rassas. 
Plume, *. l&ij ri^a-t. — (bunch of 

feathers for ornament) &• J& 

J^-ls hilal min rii (pL ^a\ 

ahilla-t) ; &^^ J*j rt^ barnita-t. 
Plume, v. (provide with feathers) 

v>\) ras, yaris ; ij^j rayyas, yu- 

rayyis. — (boast) f& fahar, yaf- 

har ; jakxtf if tahar, yaf tahir. 
Plummet, s. q)^ faain ; ^^ fai- 

dan ; JBU ^&qul ; JyWi 6aqiil ; / 

Plump, adj. (d— mutahham ; ^-*- 

jasim ; ^^-» samin. 
Plump, v. a. &+<+ samman, yusam- 

min ; n. y** samin, y as man. — 

(fall) U- saqat, yasqut ; g5; 

waqa 1 , yaqa*. 
Plunder, *. &+ t }* k ganima-t (pi. 

(*\*& ganayim) ; 8;^ gara-t ; «W 

nuhba-t; s-^ nahib. 
Plunder, v. s~4* nahab, yanhib; 

h-JL- salab, yaslnb. 
Plunderer, s. s-»V nahhab ; s-J^- 

salib ; £jl- sallaba-t. 
Plunge, v.a. j^ garraq, yngarriq ; 

u-lofc gattas, yuga«is; n. jjt 

gariq, yagraq ; u*^ ga^as, yag- 

tis ; y/\t g4d, yagu^. 
Plunge, s. {j^t gats ; jm/J tagriq. 
Plural, «. g*^ jam* (pi. £y*+ 

jumii 4 ). 
Plurality, s. Ij£ kasra-t; l*+++ 

jami'a-t ; &U+ jumla-t. — (major* 

ity) j£\ akgar. 

Digitized by 





Ply, v.a. (keep busy) J** Saggal, 
yuSaggil; n. J**a\ iStagal, yai- 

Ply, s. (fold) kf* tawiya-t ; £*i 
tija-t ; &tf lawiya-t ; ^ §an- 

Pneumatic, adj. ^\** hawayi-y. 

Pneumatics, s. \^\ ^ c ilm al- 

Pock, s. <4;^ jadri-y. 

Pocket, «. s-*«* jaib, jeb (pi. v»je* 
juyub) ; &«* jaiba-t (pi. s-t*> 

Pocket, v. &«* ^ U* ^aft fi jaib- 
hu, yahutt- 

Pod, s. yli qiSr (pi. )r ^ qusur). 

Poem, s. j*a si'r (pi. j\*±\ as'ar) ; 
Sa^ qasida-t (pi. J«U» qagayid) ; 
Sjj*^ urjuza-t (pi. y*\j\ arajiz) ; 
&^ qafiya-t (pi. ^UJ qawafi). 

Poet, s. /A* Sa'ir (pi. y* 6u*ara) ; 
fUV* nazim. 

Poetasteb, «. /*j* ^uwai'ir. 

Poetic, Poetical, a<£/\ ^i;** 6i'ri-y ; 
«j*k nazmi-y. — (poetical license) 
^sA\ S^ <jtarurat a6-£i'r. 

Poetry, b. (poetical art) j«aN /J* 
'ilm ai-Si'r; </#*tt fS* 'ilm al- 
4 aru<J. — (poetical composition) 
(& nazm ; £*- sa j' J u 4 *^ qari<J. 

Poignancy, a. I*** hidda-t; *J* 

Poignant, adj. *\*> ^add ; ge*-j 
waji' ; g*j* muji* ; pj\ alim. 

Point, *. (sharp end) {$■>* sinn (pi. 
gU^ asnan) ; y-^ ras (pi. j*f% 
ru'us). — (t/iar& or stop) && nuq- 
ta-t (pi. !■* nuqat). — (<te mam 
question) u*jk gara4 (pi. u*^ 
agracji) ; y)\ v~m nafs al-ainr. 

Point, v. (sharpen) &-\j (^~ sann 
ras-hu, yasunn ; (jju. sannan, 
yusannin; *>j^ haddad, yu^ad- 
did ; y*)) raw was, yurawwis. — 
(direct guns, &c.) s-^j rakkab, 
yurakkib ; ^ barrar, yuharrir 
(both with <JL* 'ala). — (point 
out) <jM ju>\ aiar ila, yusir. — 
(mark with dots or vote el points) 
U> naqqat, yunaqqit; df> ^ar- 
rak, yu^arrik. 

Pointless, adj. (blunt) **N W** 
mugallaz al-ljadd. — (without 
vowel points) p » * * j-t£ gair 

Poise, s. &jj wazna-t; &U; rum- 

Poise, v. gjjj wazan, yazin (vulg. 
q)£ yiizin) ; &s* qabban, yu- 
qabbin ; J»A* «adal, yu'adil. 

Poison, s. ^- samm (pi. j»j«~* 
sum urn). 

Poison, v. (+* samm, yasumm ; 
I+4-* sammam, yusammim; JU 
^- saqa samm, yasqi. — (corrupt) 
>*~tf afsad, yufsid. 

Poisonous, adj. <j*~ sammi-y ; fL. 
samm ; j*-* musimm. 

Poisonousness, 0. £*+•» sammi- 

Poke, v. (stir) dj*. taruk, yahruk ; 
barrak, yuharrik. 

Pokeb, 8. d\j++ mi^rak. 

Polab, adj. ^5^ qutbi-y; ; jl%* 
s-J^^ mujawir al-qu^b. 

Pole, s. (end of an axis) s-J** qu{b 
(pi. v^ qutiib). — (stick) ' of, 
watad (pi. »>^^ autad) ; jjjU* 
hazdq (pi. <Jij^ hawaziq). — 
(measure) s-*** qa4ib (pi. ^jW-** 

Pole-cat, *. &*• ^^ qarqadun 
muntin (pi. ^j^/ qaraqidin). 

Pole-stab, s. JWaN s-^/kaukab 
a^-samal ; q\<&£ farqadan (pro- 
perly speaking, two stars nearest 
to the polar-star). 

Police, s. &«Utt £l«l*~H as-siyasat 
al-'amma-t ; l^*t± (Jabtfva-t (zab- 

Policeman, Policb-officeb, s. 
W^ (jiftbit ; ^y qawwas. — (chief 
of) J\> wall (pi. S3; wulat). 

Policy, s. (art or manner ofaovern* 
ment) £~V^ siyasa-t ; a^x^J^ (te 
'ilm al-^ukuma-t. — (prudence) 
jct*tf tadbir ; &+£** hikma-t. 

Polish, *. (gloss) J*« saqal; JVju 
siqal. — (refinement) *r>*>\ adab ; 
l%y muruwa-t; &\± zarafa-t; 
iUJ latafa-t, 

Polish, v. (smooth) Ja* ?aqal, yaa- 

Digitized by 





qui. — (refine) v»^ addab, yu'ad- 
dib ; q±+ maddan, yumaddin ; 
<j~i\ annas, yu'annis. 

Polisher, 8. JUu saqqal; Ja** 
eaiqal (pi. J*U* gaqayil). 

Polite, adj. s-«4^ adib (pi. W^ 
udaba) ; s-> J *y* mu'addab ; s-^^-» 
v»^ sa^ib adab (pi. v>*-^ 
asbab) ; ^. v ». ? * inutamaddin ; 
^fifti salabi-y. 

Politeness, *. v>^ adab; q<u* 

^tamaddun ; &x*U galbana-t ; b\ji 
zarafa-t; l^*S\ adamiya-t. 

Politic, Political, adj. ^-W- 
siyasi-y; ^jS tadbiri-y ; ,jSU 

Politician, s. j-i** mudabbir ; 
j&& s-^-U sajiib tadbir; ^-W. 
say y as. 

Politics, s. &~\*» siyasa-t; ^ 
l*j£^\ «ilm al-ljukuma-t ; ***.*» 
*V*^ ->J^ tadbir umur ad-daula-t. 

Polity, s. ctXUN (fU"rt) (•&>> nizam 
(intizam) al-mulk ; Lm\&* siya- 

Poll, «. (Aead) <j*\> ras (pi. <j*/a 
ru'iis). — (list) ytfo daftar; fUj 

Poll, v. (fop) <jai qass, yaquss. — 
(register) fi^ a*S qayyad bi-'d- 
dattar, yuqayyid ; I»-e-± (jlabat, 

Poll-tax, 8. fyy+ jizya-t (pi. { j^ 

Pollute, v. <j~ij dannas, yudan- 
nis ; *i>y lawwas, yulawwig ; y-qr 
najjas, yunajjis ; £— j wassab, 

Pollution, «. &-W* najasa-t ; u-JJtf 
tadannus ; £*W janaba-t. — (noc- 
turnal) (&s+\ i^tUam. 

Poltroon, 8. ^W jabban (pi. 
tf**W jababin) ; &*\+Al\ JJJ 
qalil a£-$aja'a-t; J^ nadil (pL 
JU\ andal). 

Polygamist, e. «*>Wj^ j#& kagir 

Poltoamy, «. **>Wjj)N Sytf kagrat az- 

Polyglot, «. «*>UUl* «j[)U 'arif bi-'l- 
lugat ; &«A\ ^r<>Xo stUjub alsun. 

Polygon, «., Polygonal, adj. j*& 

\£)$\ kasir az-zawaya. 
Polytechnic, adj. £-*^ s-*-*-^* 

sahib sanayi' (pi. s-»W*^ aahab). 
Polytechnic school, s. ^-jJ^ 

£*U*H madrasa-t as-sanayi'. 
Polytheism, s. **3/» 6irk ; Alty ^/» 

sirk bi-'l-lah. 
Polytheist, 8. dj&* muirik : Jal 

djt, ahl sirk. 
Pomade, Pomatum, *. ^ybJ duhun ; 

s-J> tfb (pi. v»^ atyab) ; V»U^ 

Pomegranate, «. ^Uj rumman; 

&U; rummana-t. — (tree) ^jUj S^fc 

iajara-t rumman. 
Pommel, 8. $j~A\ u*j*/ qarbus as- 

sarj (pi. u-*»y qarabis). — (of a 

sword) *-£*~tt &Uj rummana-t 

Pommel, v. s-»/* 4 ar &b, yaa'rib, 

ya<Jrub ; J*J qatal, yaqtul. 
Pomp, Pompousness, *. S^ fah- 

ra-t ; JV ^ >c *izz wa jalal ; Wfcc 

'ajama-t ; (*&** ha^am ; &+& *. 

haiaraa-t ; &^ ^auka-t ; If* nah- 

wa-t ; ^at^. jahha-t. 
Pompous, adj. f&*~ muftahar; 

yi»\i fahir ; f*J& ^zim. 
Pond, 8. ji±± gadir (pi. ^j^ gud- 

ran, j^fe gudur) ; &J* birka-t (pi. 

^ birak) ; S*e* 4abwa-t (pi. W*^ 

Ponder, v. ^u wazan, yazin ; q))\ 

auzan, yuzm ; J^*^* ta'ammal, 

yata'ammal ; j&&\ iftakar, yafta- 

Ponderable, adj. q^ yuzan (3 

aor. pass.). 
Ponderous, adj. X& gaqil (pi. 

)U^^ suqala, JW giqal) ; &-*), 

wazin ; (&)) razin. — (massive) 

•v«-» samad ; (* i * jasim (pi. ^U^. 

jisam) ; J^U samid. 
Poniard, 3. ^v^ hanjar (pl.^U*. 

Poniard, v. ^^ v»/± 4arab bi-'l- 

hanjar, ya4rib. 
Pontiff, s. (high priest) p* ljabr 

(pi. J*+-\ abbar). — (Muhammedan 

pontiff) pW ^ mufti al- 

Digitized by 





anam ; fX»^\ &A 3aih al-islam. — 
(Pope) l*W« al-baba ; fjbttt ^ 
al-habr al-a'zam. 

Pontifical, adj. ^^ habri-y; 
v5;r-^ feabrawi-y; <^WW baba- 

Pontoon, «. j*** mi'bar (pi. ^*U* 

Pony, 8. j*a* ^Ua- hisan sagir. 

Pool, 8. gfi . u «w mustanqa' ; ^a& 

Poop, *. s^ft ^y muhar al-mar- 

Pooe, adj. (indigent) p& faqir (pi. 
y* f uqara) ; (j~&+ muftis (pi. 
u~eJU* mafalis) ; ( 1 >*£-^ miskin 
(pi. ;^L« masakin) ; J^*-» 
sa'luq (pi. v^J^-sa'aliq). — (ema- 
ciated) cA^* da'if (pi. V&la du- 
«afa); *-&^ nahif (pi. Ju* 
nihaf). — (without good qualities, 
mean) «i> haqir ; J*> dani-y ; 
JJ»* zalil. — (deceased) (*f>y mar- 
5um ; v^*^ mutawaif a. — (the 
poor) \ijt guraba. 

Poorly, adj. (indisposed) <J*y&* 
musawwas ; <jjW* 'ayyan. 

Poorness, s. /* faqr, fuqr ; &fiU* 
sa'laqa-t ; l*£~+ maskana-t ; 
{J J^\ iflas. 

Pop, v. (pop in) g5j walaj, yalij. — 
(pop out) &A* jjic g^d. haraj 'ala 
gafla-t, yahruj. — (pop the ques- 
tion) s-J*** ha^ab, yahjub. 

Pope, s. \*\J\ al-baba"; ^\ ^\ 
al-habr al-a'zaui. 

Poppy, s. <j*U^ ha£ha£. 

Populace, s. fifR al-'awain ; JiM 
(j-U31 asafil an-nas ; h\*+ ju'ai- 

Popular, adj. (pertaining to the 
people) f>\* 'amm; o**** 'umu- 
mi-y. — (favourite with the people) 
v»yi\ v>j*te* mahbub al-qulub ; 
s-»yy* margiib ; ;je***» maihur. 

Popularity, s. f^fo &*&• mubab- 
bat al-'awam ; s**a^ S^L-^» mu- 
sayara-t a.4-sVb. 

Populate, v. y* 'ammar, yu'am- 

Population, s. J*\ ahl (pi. <jM 

ahali) ; a tf~ sukkan (pi. of e>*U 

Populous, adj.jy+** ma'mur. 
Populousness, s. 0IC-. Sy* kasra-t 

Porcelain, s. imS ^o sini-y; j^*l 

fagfiir ; ^M farfuri-y. 
Porch, s. pko dahliz (pi. j*1Uj 

dahaliz) ; y\fl\ iwan ; J^j riwaq ; 

ii\tfeJ\ usfuwana-t. 
Porcupine, s. SiA^i qumfuga-t (pi. 

AiUi qanafiz) ; v*^ nis. 
Pore, s. f\~~+ masamm (pi. oUL«« 

Pork, 8. $.y± ^J lahm hinzir. 
Porous, adj. «a>UL-*» <tf la-hu ma- 

sa 111 mat ; *l—* ^j zu masamm. 
Porphyry, s. ^U- sumaqi-y ; ^ 

Porpoise, 8. ^J\ yiy± hinzir al- 

bafcr (pi. ^jU*. hanazir). 
Port, s. (harbour) W-* mina (pi. 

o*V* nmwani, ^j** miyan) ; ^y/* 

marsa (pi. imS -*\y marasi) ; j^i 

bandar (pi. j jUj banadir, Pers.). 

— (door) v>W bab (pi. v»\j^ ab- 

wab, (jjW bibau) ; Wtf bawwa- 

ba-t. — {mien, carriage) **j wajh 

(pi. fi«-^ wujuh) ; y^« mangar 

(pi. y^U. manazir) ; ^Jfc hi'a-t. 
Portability, «. J^^ i4i hiffat al- 

haml; K )++)\ ftp* suhula-t al- 

Portable, adj. K )+<J\ J«- sahil al- 

haml; J**^ U^A*. hafif al- 

Portage, s. (act of carrying) J*»> 

haml; (;pU». humlan. — (price of 

carriage) &}+*> humula-t. 
Porte (the Sublime), *. &)<A\ 

&<&\ ad-daulat al-'aliya-t. 
Portend, v. ^ Ja dall 'ala, ya- 

dull ; u~cs* na^us, yan^us. 
Portent, s. y— * nahs (pi. v-f* 

nuhus) ; l~f* nu^usa-t. 
Portentous, adj. u-* 6 * nahis. 
Porter, s. (carrier) JW hammal ; 

J^*- hamul. — (door-keeper) v*V 

Porterage, «. JUJ^ lp\ ujrat al- 

Digitized by 





Portfolio, «. &W* ma^faza-t (pi. 

tiU^- mahafiz) ; <^j* juzdan. 
Portico, s. q\)J liwan (pi. &$£ 

lawawin); j;; rauq (pi. j^ 



arwaq) ; j^ riwaq (pi. 

Portion, s. (part, share) £->*• lji?- 
8a-t (pi. u^-^ bi?as); &•--* qis- 
ma-t ; s *g*> na§ib (pi. &*-»rt ansi- 
ba-t). — (/ate) &♦—* qisnia-t; Itf 
qada; j*vs qadr (pi. )\<**\ aqdar). 
— (dowry) fl* mahr (pi. jyv mu- 
bur) ; ^ jahaz ; Sy^ JU mal 

Portion, v. (divide) j*~i qasam, 
jaqsim ; qassam, yuqassim. — 
(give a dowry) ;*• mahar, yam- 
hur ; jp>\ amhar, yuinhir. 

Portliness, s. &*L«^ jasama-t. 

Portly, s. f** ^ jasim. 

Portmanteau, s. tf- hurj (pi. $\f\ 
ahraj) ; v»^ jirab (pi. v»** 
jurub, fy*^ ajriba-t) ; ** badid ; 
£*&* haqiba-t. 

Portrait, s. *#-» sura-t (pi. ^ 
suwar) ; rfj* taswir ; IjLy* tas- 
wira-t (pi. tfr* tasawir). 

Portraiture, s. )y* tasawwur. 

Portray, v. )y*> $awwar, yusawwir. 

Pose, v. (silence) «^- sakka-t, yu- 
sakkit. — (puzzle) j^hayyar, yu- 

Position, *. (situation, place) &*• 
maucja' (pi. £*V* mawadi') ; tf* 
Tnatrah (pi. p;^* matarih) ; &*•• 
mahafta-t. — (principle laid 
down) SjkcVi qa'ida-t (pi. J^jJ 
qawa'id) ; &+*&• muqaddama-t ; 
l#& qa<Jiya-t (pi. l*U* qadaya). 

Positive, ad/, (affirmative) ^WJ 
ijabi-y; ^^ tasdiqi-y. — (cer- 
tain) (&A. yaqin ; <Jk*°* haqic^. — 
(decisive) jW qa$i* ; o*^ 1 saf 1. 

Possess, v. (own) «*U* malak, yam- 
lik; u&*»\ imtalak, yamtalik; 
jW haz, yahuz ; ^5^- hawa, yah- 
w * ; ij^ <^r^ ibtawa 'ala, yah- 
tawi. — (occupy, animate) ^L-* 
tasallat, yatasallat ; ,*<** tahak- 
kam, yatahakkam (both with ^ 

Possessed of, Possessing, adj. 
s-a^ sahib (pi. v>W^ ashab) ; 
^ zu (pi. <$fp± zawun), f. ct>U 
zat (pi. u^ji zawat). — (pos- 
sessed by a demon) <j*yj* malbus ; 
0j£~*» maskun. 

Possession, s. **U* milk, mulk (pi. 
d%»\ amlak) ; £ V*. mata' (pi. 
&*z+\ amti'a-t) ; uy* tasarruf . 

Possessive, s. (in grammar) &t\*\ 

Possibility, s. q&"\ imkan ; JWs»^ 
ihtimal ; foUoxJ istita'a-t. 

Possible, adj. q£+* mumkin ; 
J**** muhtamal. — (it is possible 
that) q\ y£+i yumkin ann. 

Post, s. (of a door, &c.) &*-&*. haia- 
ba-t. — (station of duty) s— *** 
mansab (pi. s-*«l*- mana^ib) ; 
£tfj wakala-t; ^J^- hidma-t. — 
(military) /L*c $y markaz 'asa- 
kir (pi. &y marakiz). — (mail) 
±1$ barid (pi. ty burud) ; ^a-^ 

Post, t7. (travel with speed) £j~A 
asra', yusri* ; J^c 'ajil, ya'jal ; 
£k-j*Jlt yu safar bi-'l-bos^a-t, 
yasfir. — (station) g*j wada', 

Postage, s. w>f&* *fJ ujra-t mak- 

Posterior, adj. /»*\x* muta'ahhir ; 

jl\ ahir. 
Postern, s: (small gate) ^u v>l| 

bab sagir. — (private entrance) 

^\a. v^>W bab has? (pi. v»V^ a ^- 

wab, (jW biban); ^. v»W bab 

Posthumous, ad;, (child) ^ *>y^» 

fijJU «t>y« maulud ba'd maut 

waud-hu ; +** <*}y* maulud ya- 

tim. — (work) s-*** 'aqib. 
Post-master, s. <^^y^ manzilji ; 

Ak-^-J^ s-ftA-* sahib al-bos^a-t. 
Postpone, v. f»\ ahhar, yu'ahhir; 

J6^^ amhal, yumhil. 
Postponement, s.j^^ ta'hir ; &&• 

Postscript, s. ^a^U malhaqa-t; 

^ zail (pi. J>|i zuyui, J^i\ 

Digitized by 





azyal) ; ***^ t^iya-t (pi. j*>\f> 

Posture, *. &\*> bala-t; $J*S qa- 

'ada-t ; *** hiya-t. 
Pot, «. jAi qidr ; S ; ju> qidra-t (pi. 

„& qudur) ; &. Jiulla-t (pi. JU 

hulal) ; ijapd* tanjara-t (pi. ^UL 

tanajir) ; k^ galaya-t. — (for 

flower*) j*>) kj** qasariya-t zahr. 

— (chamber-pot) & « *a »— musta'- 

mala-t ; &tj*> qasariya-t ; &y** 

Potable, adj. s^r**** yangarib (3 

aor. yn.) ; s-»jr*"* nmsrub. 
Potash, s. ^U ^U milh qali. 
Potation, s. (drinking bout) Aj>yu 

mairaba-t (pi. s^U* maiarib). 

— (draught) fya> sarba-t, 3ur- 

Potato, s. Jtjto eto tufah al-ard ; 

&U* bata|a-t ; <jrjk ^Jx kalkas 

firanji-y ; <j-Ua1s qilniqas. 
Potency, s. 8y* quwwa-t ; fyjJ qud- 

ra-t ; ^Jtfrt iqtidar ; ls&>s~\ isti- 

Potent, adj. ^p qawi-y ; joli qadir ; 

f*y mu'assir. 
Potentate, *. ^UJL. sultan (pi. 

(^Su salaam) ; *s\L» malik (pi. 

*JjU muluk). 
Potential, ad/\ (possible) ^J 5 *"* 

mumkin. — (efficient) }*y mu'as- 

Potion, a. **»* sarba-t.. 
Pottage, «. Wjj* sorba ; to fatta-t, 

Potter, *. of;^* fahhari-y ; oftf*** 

fahuri-y ; ^1^ faharani-y. — 

(potter' 8 clay) ;U3 fahhar. 
Pottery, s. <^\kd\ J*** ma'mal 

al-fahhari-y (pi. J^^» ma'amil). 
Pouch, *. s-~* jaib (pi. s-*;** 

juyub); &«* jaiba-t (pi. s-*«* 

Poultice, s. &abJ labha-t ; &yj laz- 

Poultice, v. J*a babbal, yubabbil ; 

£*J labbah, yulabbih. 
Poulterer, «. $>W*> £W* bayya* 

Poultry, s.jyj* tuyur; g**> dujaj ; 

giW*> dajayij (pL of **V»> daja- 
Pounce, v. u&\ inqad<J, yanqa4d. 
Pound, s. Jtj -rati, rutf (pi. j\y 
artal). — (sovereign) ***-•• jiniya-t 
Pound, v. j*> daqq, yaduqq ; <j*y& 
haras, yahrus ; harras, yuharris ; 
,/; racJ4» yaru<Jd. 
Pour, v.a. s-~» ?abb, yasubb ; s-<£~ 
sakab, yaskub; sr-S kabb, ya- 
kubb ; <J* J dafaq, yadfuq, yad- 
fiq ; n. JU sal, yasil. 
Pout, v. jj* bawwaz, yubawwiz; 

*y- band, yahrad. 
Pouting, a.jij* 5 tabwiz. 
Poverty, s. /& faqr; &U* sa'la- 

qa-t ; &£--• maskana-t. 
Powder, s. *-*y^- safuf; &~ suf- 
fa-t ; &•> duqqa-t (pi. ,jij duquq, 
j*> duqq). — (gunpowder) *>mW 
Powder, v. <J^- sahaq, yashaq ; 
**W~ sahak, yashuk; j!> daqq, 
Powder-horn, *. «\j wazna-t. 
Powder-mill, «. ^0^ ^J^VL $ahun 

al-barud (pi. (^4^^ tawahin). 
Powder-room, s. ^^A\ yy*" mah- 
zan al-barud (pi. ^jVafe^ mahazini). 
Power, «. (faculty) 8jJi qudra-t ; 
j\±&\ iqtidar; Sy5 quwwa-t; is\l 
taqa-t. — (strength) S*i quwwa-t; 
toy* saula-t ; j<& qadr ; )c 'izz. — 
(authority) f* ^ t u tm; JUy^. 
hukuma-t. — (in mathematics) Sy 
Powerful, a^'. ^ qawi-y ; »jU 
qadir; ;^asS^ ^ Sli s-^to sahib 
quwwa-t wa iqtidar; S^jJ s-^-U 
?ahib qudra-t ; py* 'aziz. 
Powerfulness, «. fi;AS qudra-t ; 8*S 
quwwa-t ; ^xuM Sys^ kasrat al- 
Powerless, adj. IjM ^Jkc 'adim 
al-qudra-t ; j^ ^ gair qadir ; 
<4^ ^ gai r qawi-y. 
Powerles8ne88, 0. 8)*tftt f*&fi 'ad am 
al-qudra-t; ; ^jls*^ ili qillat al- 
iqtidar ; Zy£\ ^ac 'adam al-quw- 

Digitized by 



897 [P»i 

Pox, t. <j)*+ jadrf-J, judart-y. 

Pbacticablb, adi. J*«* yu'mal (3 
aor. pass.) ; e>£** mumkin. 

Practicableness, Practicabili- 
ty, *. d^*l imkan ; l*&*~\ isti- 
t&'k-t; JU*Hnfi'al. 

Practical, adj. ^^ 'amali-y; 
JUju-^ isti'mali-y. — (experi- 
enced) p<± habir. 

Practicalness, s. Sj**- hubra-t; 
; W*^ ihtibar ; fyr tajriba-t. 

Practice, «. JU*U isti'mal ; J** 
'ami; *-;U* mumaraaa-t ; S^ 
hubra-t ; qj* tamarrun. 

Practise, v. »>* 'amal ('amil), 
ya'mal ; J- ♦ «" ^ ista'mal, yas- 
ta'mil; vr> jarrab, yujarrib.— 
(as a phyeician) pf** hakkam, 
yuhakkim ; s-t tabb, yatibb, ya- 

Practised, adj. s^%* mujarrab; 
y&± habfr. 

Practitioner, b. J-**-* 'amil; 
J.**?..* musta'mil; s^%* yu- 
jarrib ; g^ jaui'. 

Pbairie, «. 5/* marj (pi. Gjr* 

Praise, b. (commendation) «u»* 
hamd ; c^ madh ; •*%* majd 
(pi. *>V^ amjad) ; ***** tamjid ; 
«JUj wasf (pi. *-*m ausaf.— 
(glorifying) **- hamd; gV,**- 
subhan; j-** sukr (pL jj-** 

Praise, v. (commend) t±+ madab, 
yamdab ; *♦». hamad, yahmud ; 
^ sanua, yugauni ; <jM* ^^ 
asua 'ala, ynsm.— (glorify) e*- 
sabbalj, yiisabbih; /* Sakar, 

Praiseworthy, «. ***** tamid ; 
*y^* mahmud ; e-^ s-*^ wa- 
jib al-madh ; ***N <JW~* mus- 
tahiqq al-bamd. 

Prance, v. *■» na«, yanu« ; r± 
{afar, yatfir. 

Prank, e. s-*J la'ab; S^fe-* mas- 

Prate, Prattle, e. &-M galaba-t ; 
^ 'ilka-t. 

Prate, Prattle, t;, **1*N f* kasgar 

al-fcalaba-t, yukasjir ; <*Ue «alak, 

ya'lik, ya'luk ; 'allak, yu'allik. 
Prater, *., Prating, adj. dft* 

'allak ; M*N f& kasir al-gala- 

ba-t ; ?M& y«M kasir al-kalam ; 

J^ fuduli-y. 
Prawn, e. o^ sarafan ; ^ULL. 

salta'an; o>^- salta'un (pi. 

^U salata'in). 
Pray, v. ^ salla, yusalli; ^ 

da'a, yad'i. 
Prayer, *. (to heaven) 5JU , S3u 

salat (pi. **>U- salawat); Vcj 

du'a (pi. &**** ad'iya-t). — (peti- 
tion) Wt galaba-t; J^ su'al, 

suwal; Wj rija, raja; ^^ ta- 

manni ; y-UaJ^i iltimas. 
Preach, v. ^ wa'az, ya'iz ; s-J^ 

ha^ub, yah^ub ; » i «La*< ihta^ab, 

yahta^ib ; j/ karaz, yakriz. 
Preaching, 8. ^; wa'z ; j/ karz ; 

S)/ karza-t ; ^^ hataba-t. 
Preacher, «. W^ wa'iz (pi. iVc ; 

wu"&z) ; j;^kariz (pi. j^kftruz) ; 

s-t^ h&tib (pi. v»^» hu«ab). 
Preamble, «. ^»J^* muqaddama-t ; 

^U fAtiha-t (pi. c^M fawatih) ; 

cW*> dibaj ; **W**> dibaja-t (pi. 

^J dayabij, &*^ dab&bij) ; 

W«*. hu^ba-t. 
Precarious, oc?; 

masbut ; vs.^a 

gabbit ; *&*$ vs. 

^)^Ca^ ma^kuk 

( adam al-yaqin ; «t>W^^ ?** *adam 

as-sabat; **^*» sakk (pi. d£± 

sukuk) ; v»^ irtiyab. 
Precaution, *. \±*» \pzv, hazar; 

j\ ±*>\ ihtiz&r ; y/*A i^tiraz. 
Precautionary, adj. )f&* mut- 

tariz ; ^ hazir. 
Precede, v. f*8 taqaddam, yata- 

qaddam; <>~ sabaq, yasbuq; 

UiL. salaf , yasluf . 
Precedence, Precedency, *. (•*» 

taqaddum ; S^xo sadara-t ; j*-? 

Precedent, «. <3*v~ sabiq; 

misl (pi. J^^ amsal) ; 

mi^al (pi. ^«^ amsila-t, 


uy^JU ->fc gair 
j«& e^air muta- 
taht a^-^akk ; 
vjl** mu'allaq. 

Digitized by 





mugl, mugul); yjto nazir; ;j*-j 
dastur (pi. j**Uj das&tir) ; oU-\ 

Precept, s. 8»xcVi qa'ida-t (pi. ±*\ji 
qawa'id) ; gyU qanun (pi. (^ V 
qawanin) ; ^ fanj (pi. Jbrf 
furutf) ; *V faricla-t; **-j wagi- 
ya-t (pi. V*loj wagaya). 

Pbbcbptoe, «. f}** mu'allim ; v» J y* 

Precession, «. fAtf taqaddum. 

Precinct, *. &U-\ ihata-t; S^as-\ 
istidara-t; ^ Jiadd (pi. ^.w 
liudud) ; 8y* 'aqwa-t (pi. Uc 
<iqa) ; W fcima'. 

Precious, adj. <£*+> gamin; <j+£* 
musmin ; ^^^a nafis ; yt^ 'aziz. 

Preciousness, 8. &♦** qima-t ; ^ 

Precipice, *. j^ fcadur; S^jc^ 
tahdirat; i^ habu{; &# war- 
ta-t (pi. Uj)j wirat) ; *£*• mah- 
laka-t (pi. «*U^» mahalik). 

Precipitance, Precipitancy, 
Precipitation, «. JV%*s-l is- 
ti'jal; &** 'ajala-t; J*v* ta 4 jil; 
J^«? ta'ajjul. 

Precipitate, v. Wa habat, yahbut ; 
habbat, yuhabbit; W^ abbat, 
yuhbij; «L, saqat, yusaqif. — 
(hurry) J-v* c ajjal, yu'ajjil ; 
^ J>*&-1 ista 4 jal fi, yasta'jil ; 
o* £/^ asra* fi, yusri 4 . 

Precipitous, adj. (steep) «-AJ\j wa- 
qif ; £*^ Samih ; J)V* nazil; J*U 
mayil ; j*Vi qayim. — (rapid) 
J*i*~* musta'jil ; &?* sari*. 

Precipitousnes8, *. fry. sar'a-t. 
See Precipitance. 

Precise, adj. (accurate) t^-fc* ma4- 
bu{; J^ mudaqqiq; e*^* ga- 
fcih. — (defined, determined) (^** 
mu 4 ayyan ; *>j»W« mahdud ; *>»W« 
muhaddad. — (formal) s-^-U 
ct>ui& sahib takalluf at (pi. v»^ 
aghab) ; U i ^X s s-^^» gahib tak- 

Preciseness, Precision, *. &*> 
diqqa-t ; <jM*tf tadqiq ; £*&£ 
tanqi^ ; W-* 4 a H ; jWJ ijaz. 

Preclude, v. g** mana 4 , yamna* ; 

^ nafa, yanfl ; ^ baram, yal>- 

rim ; *j radd, yarudd. 
Precocious, adj. y& bikkir ; J«J 

<^*}\ qabl al-waqt ; ^^ badri-y. 
Preconceive, v. ^ waham, ya- 

bim; ^ tagawwar, yatasaw- 

Preconception, $. >*<* tagawwur. 
Preconcert, v. ^ <J*^ ittifaq 

4 ala, yattafiq. 
Preconcert, s. p&&+ jlart ittifaq 

Precursor, *. <J*^* sabiq ; {*&*• 

Predatory, adj. s-a^ nahib ; s-J^~ 

Predecease, v. &M «*>U mat qabl- 

bu, yamut. 
Predecessor, b. vJkJL, salif (pi. 

<J%*\ aalaf) ; f»«x&&« mutaqaddim ; 

<3*U sabiq (pi. jW- subbaq). 
Predestinate, Predestine, v. j& 

qaddar, yuqaddir (with J li or 

J^ 4 ala). 
Predestination, 8. fl^B taqdir ; 

; jaJ^ al-muqaddar; } *&\ ) l*&\ 

al-qacja wa-'l-qadr; 3U— i qis- 

Predeterminate, v. fd\ alb am, 

yulbim ; J ^5^ bada li, yabdi. 
Predetermination, s. fW ilham ; 

k*\* badiya-t. 
Predicament, «. JW ^al (pi. J*^ 

ahwal) ; aUw hala-t ; ^U san (pi. 

o/y. ^u'iin, (J&* ^i'an). 
Predicate, v. /\ aqarr, yuqirr. 
Predicate, s. (in grammar) juu-J^ 

&i al-musnad bi-bi ; ^A« gifa-t. 
Predict, v. s&\ anzar, yunzir ; W*\ 

anba, yunbi (both with ^a* hi- 

*5e-y) ; t$ barraj, yubarrij. 
Prediction, s. JU fal (pi. J p a 

fu'ul, J B ^ aful); s\Si\ inzAr; 

gj^** tabrij ; &**& tanbiya-t. 
Predilection, 8. J\ J«^ mail ila. 
Predispose, v. (incline beforehand) 

J** mayyal, yumay yil. — ( pre- 
pare) ±e\ a 4 add, yu^dd ; W* hay- 

ya, yuhayyi. 
Predominance, *. s-J^*J tagallub ; 

&>M galaba-t ; U^J tasalluf;. 

Digitized by 


fruO ' 

Pbbdominate, v. sr^ galab, yag- 

Pbb-bminent, adj. J-*rt afcjal; 
«jyrt asraf , f . Uy* Sarfa (pi. *-*/• 
surf) ; j^» mumtaz ; (**a** mu- 
Pbe-emption, 8. i«AAi suf'a-t. 
Pbe-engage, v. /A*-\ ista'jar, yas- 

Pbe-bngagement, 8. \{*&~\ isti'jar. 
Pbb- exist, v. '%* t)» kan qablan, 
yakun; *1M ^ wujid qablan, 
Pbe-existence, 8. {»&• of kaun 
muqaddam ; p**+ *ft) wujud 
Preface, 8. &*jJU niuqaddama-t ; 
&**\i fatiha-t (pi. ^V fawatib) ; 
&»A*i*> dibaja-t (pi. grill* daya- 
bij, gri^dababij). 
Pbepect, «. <J^ wall (pi. Mj 
wulat) ; ^^Vo. hakim (pi. f^ 
fcukkam) ; Jkto nagir (pi. >ty na " 
wajir) ; ^J^ mudabbir. 
Pbefectube, 8, &••£*• l^ukuma-t ; 

^^ wilaya-t. 
Pbbfeb, v. JLc Ja* fa44al 'ala, yu- 
fa44il; jH asar, yusir; J* &>> 
rajjafe 'ala, yurajjife; Qy> >afc.\ 
ihtar dun, yahtar. 
Pbbfbbablb, adj. (M\ a'zam, f. 
<j*fc* 'uzma; &~*\ a^san (pi. 
tf-\*A atasin); J-rt af4al; «J^ 
Pbbfbbablbness, *. J-*** tafa^dul. 
Pbbfebbncb, 8. J**» taf <Jil ; j^*** 

ihtiyar ; j<k\ i§ar. 
Pbbfebmbnt, 8. \&)\ irtiqa; Jj> 

taraqqi; g^ irtiia*. 
Pbefix, v. <J ^S\ adhal fi, yud- 

Pbefix, 8. *- «J|^ barf jarr (pi. 

u^ kuruf). 
Pbegnablb, adj. **-$ yuhaz (3 aor. 

Pbegnancy, 8. J*** kabal; J^» 

tubul ; J-** ^aml. 
Pbbgnant, adj. J** fcubla (pi. 

JW* Cabala) ; &.W bamila-t. 
Pbbjudgb, v. «j<^aN J** f*** bakani 
qabl al-fabf, yaljkum. 

9 [Pbb 

Pbbjudicb, «. s— * ta'assub — (in 
favour) J** mail (pi. J^ am- 

yal). — (injury) j^ <Jarar; M* 

madarra-t; ty~ *. hasara-t ; (jj«» 

Pbbjudicb, v. (against) ^ J** 

mayyal 'an, yumayyil. — (in 

favour of) J\ J*- mayyal ila, 

yumayyil. — (injure) ^ <Jarr, ya- 

durr ; y*\ atjarr, yuflirr. 
Pbejudicial, adj. y^ mu<Jirr; ;U 

4arr ; a - A* muf aid. 
Pbelact, *. 8j4&\ &~\i) riyasa-t al- 

kahana-t; l+\+\ imama-t. 
Pbblate, 8. jM imam (dL W^ 

a'imma-t) ; j-^ habr (pi. ^\ 

Pbblect, v. \ji qara, yaqra. 
Pbblection, 8. kj8 taqriya-t; 

^ri;^ tadris. 
Pbbliminaby, adj. p&+ muqad- 

dim, muqaddam. 
Pbbliminaby, 8. &••**• muqadda- 
Pbeludb, 8. )* badu; c^***^ ifti- 

Pbematube, adj. *>if\ J^ Jl a ^ a ^" 

waqt ; J9A* 'ajil ; ; ^» mibkar. 

PBBMATUBBNB88, 8. p&? tabltfr J 

aV 'ajala-t; q\£\ J** fck 

bulug qabl al-awan. 
Pbbmbditatb, v. <**& taqas^ad, ya- 

taqa§9ad; y+*\ a4mar, yu<jiniir; 

^ ^ 'azam 'ala, ya'zim. 
Pbemeditation, 8. J*»* ta'ammud ; 

^y\s ta'ammul ; a*» qaed ; j& 

tafakkur ; ^ niya-t. 
Pbbmibb, *. (Prime Minister) j^\ 

(MV\ as-^adr al-a'zam ; ^-»j^ 

(J&$\ al-wazir al-a*zam. 
Premise, v. ^ qaddam, yuqad- 

dim ; «-Ai- jallaf , yusallif . 
Pbbmisbs, *. o^* makan (pi. &*£*\ 

Premiss, s. &**&• muqaddama-t; 

S**B taqdima-t (pi. ^ taqa- 

Pbbmium, s. 5VJ ; ^^-J\ Uj qimat 

Pbbmonish, v.»^ anzar, yunzir; 

jA* feazzar, yxuttazzir. 

Digitized by 





Premonition, g. )\to\ inzar; yi^ 

taljzir ; £«** nasiha-t. 
Peemonitive, Peemonitoey, ad;. 

^aa^ munzir. 
Peepaeation, *. o^^ju-.^ isti'dad; 

yo&r tajhiz ; )*f tajahhuz ; s-«a^ 

Peepaeative, Pbepaeatort, adj. 

l»aJU muqaddim ; ^je** muhayyi. 
Prepare, v. VjjA hayya, yuhayyi ; 

j6* jahhaz, yujahhiz ; y^ ha<J4ar, 

yuha44ir ; s-*t ahhab, yu'ahhib. 
Peepay, t>. «-*U aslaf, yuslif. 
Prepayment, 8. *-AU salaf; £**> 

I»jJU daf* muqaddim. 
Peepondeeancb, 0. cy»-; rujufc ; 

^W^ ruj^ana-t; &*1* galaba-t; 

w-J*>* tagallub. 
Preponderate, v. e*j rajjafc, yu- 

rajjik > s-J^ galab, yaglib. 
Preposition, *. «%. «j^ harf jarr 

(pi. <*Jyf* buruf;. 
Peepo88E88, v. J** mayyal, yu- 

mayyil ; v»«^ jazab, yajzib. 
Prepossessing, adj. s-»*>W jazib 

(pi. v»^V jawazib). 
Peeposterous, adj. JUr* muhil; 

Jss^s— • mustatil ; J&»N aa <jiudd 

Pebpo8TEEOU8NE88, i. 4*** 'aba§ ; 

&W^ isti^tala-t. 
Peepuce, ». &tf qulfa-t ; 8/ gur- 

Pee-eequisite, a. i-JJU JUjD lazi- 

ma-t muqaddima-t (pi. ^jV ^ 

Peeeooatiye, 8. 0^ fcaqq (pi. Jj^ 

ljuquq) ; fy* maziya-t (pi. \*}y 

Peesaoe, 8. JU fal (pi. JV fu'ul, 

JV^aful; J»j dalala-t. 
Peesaoe, v. AW\ v/± 4arab al-fal, 

ya^rib ; (£|* kahan, yakhan ; <;>*& 

takahhan, yatakahhan. 
Peesbytee, 0. <j)J*VS kahin (pi. &«* 

kahana-t) ; <j-J qiss (pi. y-j-J* 

qusus, A~jl~i qasiiwisa-t) ; <-rfr -i 

qasis (pi. ^Ui qussan, &~J\ aqis- 

Prescience, #. v**H ^ 'ilm al- 


Prescient, adj. s-**N jJU 'ilim al- 

Prescribe, t?. ^»\ amar, ya'mur; 
<J^ ^ hatam 'ala, yafetim ; jbjk 
<J* fara<ji 'ala, yairicj ; o^ ^j 
rasam 'ala, yarsum. — (as a phy- 
sician) «-A-»j wasaf, yasif. 

Peesceiption, «. {precept) y\ amr 
(pi. j*tj\ aw&mir) ; ,>/ i ar4 (pl« 
^^i £urii4); Sj^U qa'ida-t (j>L 
J^ty qawa'id); ^ytf qanun (pi. 
t^eMj* qawauin). — (0/ a physi- 
cian) &<>; wast*a-t ; a**— * uusha-t. 

Presence, s. j^. tiu^ur ; S^a*. ha4- 
ra-t ; i<s\&* sahada-t. — (in his 
presence) *4^ ^^ bain yade-hi; 
Mai quddam-hu; &^U\ imam- 

Present, adj. j*W lja^ir (pi. j^- 
ku44ar, e«/*^ ta4^ n ) J J ^^* 
niaujud. — (not past) j*\*>* ha4ir ; 
JU. hali-y. — (at present) q)\ 
alan ; <J^* hallaq. 

Present, s. (the present time) Jl*)\ 
al-l?al; ^O^ al-ba4ir; %^»y\ \*^ 
haza al-waqt. — {gift) iA^ tu^fa-t 
(pi. Uu*> tuhat; ; ijtJA hadiya-t 
(pi. V^jufc hadayaj. 

Present, v. <£**- ^acjidar, yufea^^i 1, > 
^^ aWar, yub^ir ; p*i qaddam, 
yuqaddim. — (make a present) 
JU) W\ Uw*\ atl^af ahad-an bi 
6e-yin, yut^if; a) ^aJ^ ^sjt\ 
ahda e^-6e-y la-hu, yuhdi. 

Presentation, s. ^a» taqdim; 

Presentiment, 0. ^-^ ^ass ; &*~t»» 
tasiya-t ; ^AfcV^» mukasaia-t. 

Presently, adv. "iU. Jjalan; #* 
&acU min sa'at-hu; ^S\ alan; 
"\p>\> najizan. 

Preservation, s. !*»» tiafz ; *UWt 
muhaf aja-t ; &V*o siyana-t ; ^.^ 

Preserve, v. (keep carefully, pro- 
tect) kfe* tang, yafcfaz. ; t)^-» san, 
yasun ; U^ tiama, yahmi j ^c 
'asam, ya'$im. — (Jruits, dbc) ^ 
rabba, yurabbi (m sugar); j*^ 
fcallal, yuiallil (inwne^ar); ^ 
mallaJ?, yumaUUyi {in salt). 

Digitized by 





Pbbsbbvb, b. ^y murabba ; JW# 

muhallal ; cU* mumallah ; ^^ 

Pbbsidb, v. ijJ^4i\ Jy tawalla al- 

majli8, yatawalla ; j**> j*2 qa'ad 

bi-sadr, yaq'ud. 


iS±+*S\ ^j riyasat al-majlis; 
)**> sadr. 

Pbbsident, 8. ijJ^4i\ ^j rayis 
al-majlis (pi. U^ ru'asa) ; ^y* 
ir W * J * mutawalii al-majlis. 

Press, 8. {for fluids) S^o** mi'sa- 
ra-t (pi. yo\*+ ma'asir). — (for 
papers, &c.) &^U milzama-t. — 
(printing press) A**i»* mitba'a-t 
(pi. #U~ matabi'). — (throng) 
&+**) zafcma-t ; (b**)\ izdiluim. — 
(wardrobe) Zi\yu hizana-t (pi. 
yt\yL hizayin) ; ^U^s* huristan. 

Pbb8s, v. (compress) jfe* 4*yyaq, 
yu^ayyiq; <j* J^ kabas *ala, 
yak bis. — (squeeze) f* 'asar, 
ya'sir. — (hug) ftjj* {j\ ^t> (Jamin 
lla sadr-hu, ya<Juniin ; &*A i^- 
ta4an, yaJjtactin. — (distress) j*** 
'assas, yu'assis; ^ lazz, yaluzz. 
— ( press upon) ^t hajam, yah- 
jim; J**> Carnal, yatunil (both 
with ^jlc 4 ala). — (crowd) ^ 
zaJ^am, yaz^am ; ^**)\ izdafcam, 

Pbbssubb, *. (pression) ^c 'asra-t. 

— (force) J} + jaur ; ^ zulin . ^ 

qaiir ; p\y\ ilzam. — (distress) 

*r>\±* 4 azao ; &** <Jiqa-t. 
Pbbstiob, 8. fy* 'izza-t ; &*±* «aza- 


Pbbsumb, v. (suppose) jbji fara4, 
yafraa 1 ; <j*C* J** *amil qiyas, 
ya'mal; ^y tawahbam, yata- 
wahham; ^ garni, yazunn. — 
(arrogate) p*s tajabbar, yatajab- 
bar; ^cot idda'a, yaddal. 

Pbbsumino, Pbesumptuous, adj. 
j *+*" mutajabbir ; u^*** muta- 

Pbbsumptiojj, s. (supposition) u-W* 
qiyas; **y fartfya-t; ^ftS if- 
tiratf ; ^ zann. — (^rwjiwp^uoM^- 

»#m, arrogance) ^X5 takabbur; 
; \*&u^ istikbar ; p*z tajabbur. 
Pbb8umptivb, adj. ^-W* qiyasi-y. 
Pbesuppose, v. ^ji farad, yaf ragl ; 
j^» qaddar, yuqaddir ; ^-W* J** 
4 amil qiyas, ya'mal ; &*± ham- 
man, yuhammin. 
Pbbsupposition, s. J±£ far<ji ; jt<& 
taqdir ; <j*W qiyas. 

Pbetencb, «. ^ fcujja-t; &c 
'illa-t; JU> ta'allul;jJ* 'uzr.— 
(pretension, claim) \*S\ iddi'a; 
b\e\A+ muda'a-t; $jcj da'wa-t; 
^*j za'm. 

Pbbtbnd, v. (make show) j$\ azhar, 
yuzhir; J^ ^4wal, yufeawil; 
J^-*: tafcawwal, yata^awwal 
(mostly expressed by the vi. 
form of a verb, as : J±y mariiji, 
"•to be ill;" ^Ui tarnara^, 
" to pretend to be ill."— (claim) 
o^ ^S\ idda'a 'ala, yadda'i ; 
J* iS)** ^ 'amil da'wa 'ala, 

Pbetbndbb, s. (claimer) ^-cx. 
madda 4 i ; ,*>*) za'im. 

Pbbtbntious, adj. (presuming) 
j*+s" mutajabbir; p£s+ muta- 

Pbetbbite, s. (tense) ^aU macji; 
^Utt Ji fi*l al-ma<jii. 

Pbbtbbnatubal, adj. &*+M\ ±* 
<jiudd at-tabi'a-t ; ^y^ ^ gair 
tabi'i-y; *J*W *jU> feilaf al- 
qa'ida-t; w~»v» 'ajib. 

Pbbtbxt, s. j^e 4 uzr (pi. j\Sit\ 
*azar) ; S ; ad *i ?r a-t (pl.^oc *i ? ar) ; 
**■* l?ujja-t (pi. e ^ tujaj); 
^tila-t(pl.jUf lva l) ¥ JVt 

Pbbttinbss, s. tj-t$ kais; £-ilU 
latafa-t ; a*^> zarafa-t ; W) baha; 
^6» bahja-t. 

Pretty, adj. ^^^ kuwayyis ; U^ 
latif (pi. ^OJ i^) . J^ Jamil; 
•-A4> zarif ; cJU mali^. 

Pbbvail, v. (overcome) s-J^ galab, 
yaglib ; ^ ^ 2 afar 'ala, yaz- 
fir. — (be customary or general) 
l>\* jU 8 ar '&da-t, yafir; ^ 
'amm, ya 4 umm. — (induce) £*J 
qanna', yuqaani*. 

Digitized by 




*<n* ?u«f*.'iiiWi ^***- ;***" - ~- ■•* 

r- v*4*^ fizz-.*. 

Payrr**:?;^ *? ; t /„ ^*. ci- - - L 

*^> P- «>> »«*•' ^ ; 

<w;/; . ^ , tu vj vi Li m . 
Paitr, *, 'i**i*i, *»* faid; *-*/ 
fa/,*a~t,— ^ -'sxAyj ^»j-i ganima-t 
^, ,*.** jf4ur;oij ; M* nah- 
M^U— 6*m* of prey } t;^ fcjV" 
'j-**/ i^wwixj jarifc (ka*ir> (pL 
t,>* >j*; w«f/ii jawing, >^ 
/■*j* wfjiya"* kawa*ir/. — <ford o^ 
jprr^y; ^ ^ ^air kaair (pL ^ 

Patr, tf, 'o# animaU) wfA iftaras, 

yaftam,— Irerf htavUy on) J* 

4^* taqaJ 'ala, yasquL 
FfcfCE, *, (^ saman (pL ^Uft a«- 

man; ; ^ gi*r (pL jUu.t a»'ir) ; 

**•* qiuuut <pj. ^ qiyam;. 
Peicklem, a/i;, A+»* Aluma la-hu 

qima»t; #** a! U mi la-hu 

lamao; ^^t jatim (pL ^W^ 

Fkick, ». y«» nafeaz, janhaz ; j/ 

garaz, jagriz; <*X* iakk, ja- 

Fbxo^ $. If* oabra-t. 

L I 


^o- |*dr ad- 
din j./j-i-'f^i^r ; «&^» ba|- 

ta^irli- *^^ bA^nka-t;. 
PiTMarssHiF. Feimact, «. l*A 

Pmice. ojV. w^ 1 asraf, 1 *** 5*^ 
* j L ai s^r: ; J-* 1 af 4al ; -^ 
wahii ; jy land ^L J*y lari- 

PeTKE, FB1XE3ESS, #. ^6*V^«) e^* 
*aiiiawan; j^j raiq, i»ypq> ri^- 
— ^i«^ pari) i->* hJa?a-t, hula- 
?a-t ; ^-J lubb u^L ^>jti lubub). 

Peoce, w. {prtpart) **\ a 4 add, 
yii-idd ; W* bayyi, yuhayyi. — (a 
911*; ^j rahhar, rnyahhir. 

Peimkb, #.* J^-3^ ***>** kitab al- 
usul (pi. s-*=* kutub). 

Peikktax, Pedhtiti, o^'. ^^ 
qadim (pL UjJ qadama) ; &~* 
•atiq (pL Use *utaqa, f. <^4^ 

Pkimkno, #. (o/ a ^»») V*^ ?*bi- 
ra-t (pi. ^>^> zahayir). 

Primitive, $. (original word) *^*\ 
aslija-t ; o^» mujarrad. 
| Peijutiykssss, t. ^^^ J^- feal 
I al-qadinu 

Digitized by 





Primogeniture, 8. kjyb bakurf- 

Primordial, adj. { J*>\ asli-y ; J^ 

Prince, *. (son of a king) «*XU1\ ^\ 

ibn al-malik (pi. U^ abna, t>**» 

banin). — (chief) p*\ amir (pi. 

\y\ umara) ; J** qail (pi. JWit 

aqyal) ; •**- say y id (pi. SjL. 

sada-t) ; J«Juu> 9 indid (pi. j*jUc 

sanadid) ; ja«**» hidiw (Per 8.). 
Princblinbss, *. l^ imara-t; 

W* malakiya-t ; \y$\ ^3 zai-y 

al-umara (*f)jUft al-muluk). 
Princely, adj. <j;;** miri-y (for 

^^•\ amin-y) ; jUJL sultani-y ; 

OjS**** bidiwi-y. 
Principal, adj. ««M asli-y; ^^ 

dururi-y ; (j*-*S aha?? ; (*-*\ 

Principal, s. w*Jj raiyis (pi. V-.*^ 

ru'asa); Jj** mutawalli ; ^»xa^ 

Principality, *. fyU\ imara-t. 
Principally, oiv. *U^<t hususan. 
Principle, *. (element) j*** 'unsur 

(pi. joLe 'anasir) ; v*\ ass, iss 

(pi o*^ isas, asas) ; J^ asl 

(pi. Jj*»^ usul). — (fundamental 

truth) SjlcU qa'ida-t (pi. ac^ qa- 

wa'id). — (tenet) s-*^ mazbab 

(pi. s-^X» mazabib). 
Print, 8. &** {aba*; **** basma-t. 

— (foot-print) yV asar (pi. jW 

Print, v. gA taba', yajba* ; ^ 

ba?am, yabsum. 
Printer, V &± tabba' ; oW" 

mitba'ji ; ^U* bassam. 
Printing, *. SeW^ tiba'a-t; &U-D 

g*U\ sana'at a^ab'. 
Printing-house, -oppice, *. jU 

£c\J^ dar at-tiba'a-t. 
Printing-press, *. £*J°* niitba'a-t 

(pi. g?U»* ma^abi*). 
Prior, adj. ( previous) p>&\ aqdain ; 

p*va* muqaddim, muqaddam ; 

^U sabiq (|>1. JjW- subbaq, <J*~ 

subbaq, f. * -t, pi. <J»V* sawa- 

Prior, s. (of a convent) <j»ti>j 

(J**^ raiyis ar-ruhban (pi. V-.^ 

Prioress, *. «t>WA\jJ\ l~J) raiyiaat 

Priority, s. p^s taqaddum ; ty\ 

awwaliya-t ; *aX*- sabk. 
Prism, *. )y***" mans'ur (pi. j ** k * 

manasir) ; jt-*y mauSur (pi. 

j**Ay mawasir). 
Prison, *. <j~*»- habs (pi. u*^** 

hubus) ; (£-%- sijn (pi. ej%~ 

Prisoner, 8. <j*y-+t *+ mabbus ; 

^^-^ masjun. — (prisoner of 

war) j#-\ asir (pi. \ r »\ usara). 
Pristine, adj. ^*as qadim (pi. Ua* 

qudama); <Jh** 'atiq (pi. ^» 

'utaqa) ; <JM^* sabiq (pi. jW- 

subbaq, <jfc~ subbaq). 
Private, adj. (particular) y/>\± 

bass; \fy*** mabsus. ^(secret) 

iSy* sirri-y ; yf*" mastur. 
Privatenb88, Privacy, s. SjU hal- 

Privation, *. ^ 'adam ; $W*^ 

ihtiyaj ; s-^- salb. 
Privative, adj. s-J^* salib; ^«^ 

Privative, s. (in grammar) u^ 

s-J^- barf salb (pi. u^ huruf). 
Privilege, s. hy* maziya-t (pi. 

\i\y mazaya) ; jV^*\ imtiyaz (pi. 

«y\jLA*\ imtiyazat). 
Privilege, v. *j\** aUc 'amil-hu 

mu'af, ya'inal; s^ ^s^\ ibtaes 

bi, yabtass. 
Privileged, adj. u\** mu'af ; JU^ 

Privy, adj. (conscious) J^ *-^\^ 

waqif 'ala ; gl^ mu^alli ; y*± **• 

ma'-hu habar. — (not public) ^^» 

mahram; ^oU. hasf. — (secret) 

tjr* sirri-y. 
Privy, *. tfr 1 —" mustaral? ; o^r* 

mirhad Cpl. (j±tp»\f maral>i4) ; 

Ul<jS kanif (pi. UL^kunf). 
Prize, *. S\i^-* mukafa-t; ^jV^« 

mujaza-t ; q\£** halwan. 
Prize, v. y±\ a'azz, yu*izz; &4$ 

gam man, yusammin. 

Digitized by 





Probability, •. <j%tt *«U* mutt- 
bahat al-haqq ; JUs^\ ihtimal. 

Probable, arf;. «J^ a*Uu* mu^&- 
bih li-'l-haqq ; J*w« muhta- 
mil, muhtamal. — (it is probable) 
J**^ yahtamil. 

Probation, *. oW*M imtihan; 
*£-**. bah? ; ^/W fahs ; ^/W* ta- 

Probe, 8. cr%* mi j ass ; jW~* mis- 
bar; ,>• mil (pi. JW-\ amyal, 
J^ muyul). 

Probe, v. p~ sabar, yasbur. 

Probity, *. c*-° salah ; ja* gadq ; 
*j\*i\ insaf. 

Problem, *. *!£*»* mu6kila-t (pi. 
JSU^ masakil) ; fl*l~* masa'a- 
la-t (pi. J«^* masayil). 

Problematical, acfy". &*-*-• musab- 
bab; **)j£a* maskuk; ,j*** ^ 
gair muhaqqaq. 

Proboscis, *. p<fyL hurtuni (pi. 
^V> haratfm) ; ^ birtum. 

Procedure, *. iy**» maiwa-t ; &fyl» 
tariqa-t ; jti^ tadbir. 

Proceed, v. (advance) f*tf qadam, 
yaqdum; f*8 taqaddam, yata- 
q ad dam ; j\~ sar, yasir. — (make 
progress) Jy tarraqa, yatarraqa. 
— (come forth) ^ sadar, yasdir, 
yasdur ; J-*- ha sal, yahsal. 

Proceeding, *. *UU* mu'amala-t ; 
J*x 'amal. — (proceedings) **Jjl~ 

Proceeds, *. J*^ hasil (pi. uwloL. 
hasilat, J-°V hawasil); Jj-"** 
mahsul ; J****** madhul. 

Process, s. (procedure) &&;!» tari- 
qa-t (pi. OfcV* tarayiq); J+c 
'amal (pi. JUe\ a'mal). — (law- 
suit) Jj*J da'wa-t; ^jcj da'wa 
(pi. ^Vcj da'awa) ; &••-*» husu- 
ma-t; £*-»! qadiya-t; £UU* mu- 

Procession, *. (pageant) s-^y» 
maukib (pi. s~flj* mawakib) ; 
«y>«*> daura-t ; &) zaffa-t (parti- 
cularly applied to a wedding 
procession). — (ecclesiastical) c^j 
ziyyah (pi. «yV«^j ziyyafcat). 

Proclaim, v. «^A» nada, yunadi; 

^ aihar, yusTiir; <j>M alan, 

Proclamation, *. S\ jU» munadat ; 

fM i'lam ; <£*\ i'lan ; >*\ i£har ; 

jWU izhar. 
Proclivity, *. u&*s\ in'Haf ; Jt-» 

mail (pi. JW amyal). 
Procrastinate, v. jl\ ahhar, yu- 

'ahhir; <J$\ abqa, yubqi; jytf 

ta'awwaq, yata'awwiq; J3U 

hazaf, yuhazif. 
Procrastination, s. je**V* ta'hir; 

&3l^* muhazafa-t. 
Procrastinitor, *. JjL* matul, 

mutawwil ; J*** mumahhil. 
Procreate, v. ^ walad, yalid; 

J— * nasal, yansul; J~i\ ansal, 

Procreation, *. ±Jf taulid ; J-Ui 

Procreatiye, adj. &y muwallid. 


quwwat at-taulid ; tey Sp quw- 

wa-t muwallida-t. 
Procurable, adj. Jj*^\ (^^» 

mnmkin al-husul. 
Procurator, «. Jyt*» mutawalli; 

J«^ wakil (pi. J^, wakala). 
Procure, v. J-^ hassal, yuhassil ; 

s^W jab, yajib ; s--V jalab, yaj- 

lub ; —(o5tem) JU nal, yanal ( J^t 

yanil).— (pimp) \j>f. 'arras, yu- 

Procuress, s. Ms dallala-t. 
Prodioal, adj., s. )&+• mubazzir; 

u>j~+ musrif ; Ukli» mitlaf , mut- 

Prodigality, s. ^-i^ israf ; J« V 

Prodioiou8, adj. (wonderful) s-*%* 

'ajfb. — (enormous) **&* sadid ; 

^\) zayid ; ^M 'agim. 
Prodigy, *. 1+*+* 'ajiba-t (pi. 

s-siW 6 'ajayib) ; ky+* 'ujuba-t ; 

s-iW^^ s-*** «ajab al-'ajayib. 
Produce, Product, s. J*Vft. hasil 

(pi. J-°V hawasil) ; Jy«^* mah- . 

sul (pi. i^^yaay mahsulat). 
Produce, v. (bring to view) f+& 

qaddam, yuqaddim ; j£\ azhar, 

yughir. — (bring forth) y*\ ag- 

Digitized by 





mar, yugmir ; ^ wallad, yuwal- 
lid ; Caj\ anda, yunSi ; g**\ antaj, 
yuntij. — (cause) s-«**» sabbab, 

Production, *. (act of producing) 
&j& takwin ; ju$\ i§mar. — (com- 
position) <-A*&*J taanif ; Ui\ insa. 

Productive, a</i. ;-*£• mugmir ; 
v , *+ < * basib ; J[j* muwallid. 


Profanation, s. < j ~e+& tan j is ; 
is-**'** taenia. 

Propane, adj. (worldly) ^5^ J dun- 
yawi-y. — (impure) <j«Ai fasiq. 

Profane, t>. *±>J lawwas, yulaw- 
wis ; v"** najjas, yunajjis ; <j-**> 
dannas, yudannis. 

Profanenes8, Profanity, s. f±* 
f>\js*y\ «adam al-ihtiram; «J~i 

Profess, v. (declare) j&\ azhar, 
yuzhir ; ^ qarrar, yuqarrir ; ji\ 
aqarr, yuqirr ; <&* Sahid, yaihad. 
— (exercise or teach) J** 'amal 
(*amil), ya'mal; j-ju> sana', 
yaana'; ^-^ 'allain, yu'allim; 
u*j*> darras, yudarris. 

Profession, s. (declaration) $y*\ 
iqrar ; wrij-set i'tiraf ; jl4&* 
ta'kid ; S*>W*» sahada-t. — (calling) 
***-* san'a-t ; &U* sana'a-t (pi. 
£*Uc sanayi 4 ); ^ hirfa-t (pi. 
*Jj* i^irai) ; ^ fann (pi. ^y^ 
funun) ; {A* 41m (pi. ^le 'ulum). 

Professor, s. *)** mu'allim ; (j*)-** 
mudarris ; <y*~\ ustaz. 

Proffer, v. (*& qaddam, yuqad- 
dim ; J*f 'arad, ya'rucl. 

Proffer, s. pi±8 taqdim. 

Proficience, Proficiency, *. ifc- 
mahara-t ; ^f taraqqi ; \-JB^ 
irtiqa ; £W labaqa-t. 

Proficient, adj., s. y&A* mahir; 
jtU sa$ir ; <jJ labiq ; «J**3 labiq. 

Profile, s. &*£\ «-A-a& nasf al-wajh ; 
c^JLdU multafit. 

Profit, s. (gain) s^ kasb; ^ 
ribh (pi. c^ arbah). — (advan- 
tage) S^U %ida-t (pi. J*y fa- 
way id) ; £-*aa* manfa'a-t (pi. 
£*U# manafi'). 

Profit, v.n. & rabit, yarbafc ; gW 
tanaffa', yatanaffa* ; gf&\ intifa', 
yantafi* ; s-* — s fl iktasab, yakta- 
sib; a. &* nafa', yanfa'; naffa', 
yunaffi* ; is**\ ajda, yujdi. 

Profitable, adj. •M* mufid ; g*Vi 

Profitableness, s. £f& naf' ; £*Ajl* 
manfa'a-t; S*M ifada-t. 

Profitless, adj. foa^N ^^c 'adiin 
al-fayida-t ; •M* j** gair mufid. 

Profligate, adj., s. t>\* fajir (pi. 
j^4 fujjar, 8«%t fajara-t,^\y fa- 
wajir); <J~u fasiq (pi. jL-J 
fussaq, &—i fasaqa-t). 

Proflioatenes8, Profligacy, s. 
i>-i fisq ; *>L~J fasad ; )j*J fujur. 

Profound, adj. (deep) Ok-** 'aniiq 
(pi. v>^ 'umuq, v^^ 'amayiq, 
jjLfc *imaq). — (abstruse) J^» 
magluq ; u^^ gawis. — (learned) 
j ^.-?* mutaba^hir; Jfe^ gariq. 

Profoundness, Profundity, *. 
,j^c 4 umq. — (figuratively) jjk 
gaur ; up^ giyas. 

Profuse, flwi/. (prodigal) )&++ mu- 
bazzir ; wi^-^ musrif ; J)*^ mu- 
ba*ziq. — (plentiful) jft) wafir; 
jt* kasir. 

Profu8ENE88, Profusion, s. (pro- 
digality) u\j~\ israf ; Sj^ baza- 
ra-t (bazarra-t). — (abundance) 
lj£ kasra-t ; u^ fai4 ; u *-; 
rahs ; ft waf r ; ^ wuf ur. 

Progenitor, «. *+ jadd (pi. ^%. 
judiid, *>W^ ajdad). 

Progeny, s. ^ aulad ; hj^ zurri- 
va-t (pi. v4)V ?^rari) ; J-i nasi 
(pi. JUi^ ansal). 

Prognosticate, v. Jys tafawwal, 
yatafawwal ; (^> takahhan, ya- 
takahhan; ^^ tanabba, yata- 

Prognostication, s. JVJ fal (pi. J p ^* 
fu'ul ; JV* af'ul) ; gj^ti tabrij.^ 

Prognosticator, *. f »^^ munaj- 
jim ; JV* c^* fattah fal. 

Programme, «. e^j bay an. 

Progress, Progression, s. (ad- 
vancement) p«V55 taqaddum ; JW*^ 
iqbal ; 5^**^ istidraj ; ^fj^S tad- 


Digitized by 





rij. — (improvement) Jf taraqqi; 
o\*j\\ izdiyad; tW* najalj; c^ 

Pbogbess, v. pus taqaddam, yata- 

Pbogbessional, Pbogbessiye, adj. 
^\j&i~\ istidraji-y ; fJUU* muta- 

Pbogbessiveness, *. $\;A*-\ istid- 

Pbohibit, v. (forbid) pj* Ijarrani, 
yuharrim ; ^ naha, van hi. — 
(hinder) &* mana', yamna* ; J^ 
'aq, ya'uq ; jf 'awwaq, yu'aw- 
wiq ; ^ fcazar, yaljzur. 

Pbohibition, e. (defence) (*f* talj- 
rim ; ^e* nahi. — (hindrance) £** 
man' ; £UsM imtina' ; £**W» niu- 

Pbohibitoby, adj. g»^ mani' ; ?j*+ 

Pboject, 8. a*J qasd ; »>yJU maq- 
sud (pi. J**Uu maqasid) ; «*•** 
tadbir; #J^\ ibtida' ; *>W:\ 

Pboject, v. (contrive) y»> dabbar, 
yudabbir; £f±\ ihtara', yahtari* ; 
£asj\ ibtada', yabtadi*. — (throw* 
out) «-*J*> hazaf, yal?zif; <j*i 
rama, yarmi. — (jut out) Jc *-*/•* 
airaf 'ala, yusnf. 

Pbojectile, 8. ^y mirma ; &•/• 
mirmat (pi. o^V* marami). 

Pbojecting, adj. <^&~ musrif . 

Pbojection, 8. (delineation) (**s 
rasm (pi. ft— »j rusum, p—*y 
arsum) ; &•£•; rasama-t ; ]ty* 
taswir (pi. $.$*& taeawir). 

Pbojectob, 8. £»V* mubdi' ; £/a^ 

Pbolipic, adj. (a* a female) fy*& 
o^3\ kasirat al-aulad. — (as a 
tree) jU*!N lyt& kasirat al-asmar ; 
y+Z* musmir. 

Pbolix, adj. Jijt Jawil (pi. JtjL 
tfwal, JU» tiyal) ; r**N P* kagir 
al-kalam ; J-A* mufaesal. 
PBOLIXITY, PBOLIXNE88, *. J^» tul ; 
Jijt? ta^wil ; fitett i,& kasrat al- 
kalam ; yV^ ishab ; v^UM 

Pbologue, 8. 1+*** muqaddama-t; 

WU fatifea-t (pi. ^V fawatih). 
Pbolono, v. Jjt {awwal, yu$aw- 

Pbolongation, 8. J*jl* ta^wil ; 

filU i^ala-t ; &*• muhla-t. 
Pbomenade, *. (pleasure-walk) *y3 

tanazzuh ; &*y* nuzha-t. — ( place 

for walking) *y&* muntazah. 


ma^raf, musraf (pi. UjjlA* masa- 

rif) ; £to^ irtifa*. 
Prominent, adj. ^Jj^» muirif; 

gfSy murtafi' ; j;W bariz. 
Pbomiscuou8, adj. *»jU^ mahlut ; 

labat* muhtali|. 
Pbomiscuou8ne88, 8. U*. hilt, hult ; 

UU*t ihtilat ; iW^ lahbata-t. 
Pbomise, *. ^ wa'd ; 8^ wa'da-t ; 

Afy mau'ud (pi. j^j* ma- 

wa*id) ; J^c *ahd (pi. o^c *uhud). 
Pbomi8E, v. j*j wa'ad, ya'id ; ^^ 

au'ad, yu^d ; »^^ *ahad, yu- 

Pbomi880by, adj. J*^ wa 4 id. 
Pbomontoby, 8. ^j ras (pi. u**d 

ru'us, u*/.a; ru'fts). 
Pbomote, v. (prefer) Jf; raqqa, 

yuraqqi ; (*<& qaddam, yuqad- 

dim ; gi; rafa', yarfa*. — (accele- 
rate) p& qaddam, yuqaddim ; 

Gy rawwaj, yurawwij. 
Pbomotion, *. Jf taraqqi; Va^\ 

irtiqa; ^>J^i taqdim; j^» ta- 

Pbompt, adj. (active) ^»U i^\ir (pi. 

^Oa ^uUar) ; dj» harik ; Ui 

na&t- — (ready) y*>\*> hadir ; a *. *™ * 

musta'idd ; £ty»* Bari* (pi. eVc^. 

eur*an), f. ^ij- sari'a-t (pi. £^ 

Bira 4 ). 
Pbompt, v. (incite) df. harrak, yu- 

harrik ; Jbj*> harrad, yuharrid. — 

(suggest) { J^ j\*\ i£ar 'ala, yu^ir. 
Pbomptitude, Promptnesb, 8. &*j~ 

sur*a-t; j^j«a-\ isti'dad. 
Promulgate, v. fl**\ ashar, yu^hir ; 

j$\ aghar, yuzhir. 
Promulgation, s. )\q*\ i^har ; j\$\ 

Pbone, adj. (prostrate) Ky)°" mat- 

Digitized by 





rulu — (mentally inclined) J*^ 
mayil ; s-^\) ragib. 

Pboneness, 8. J** mail (pi. JW^ 
amyal) ; &*tj rugba-t ; W*fc\ isti- 
ha ; ^yfc hawa. 

Peong, 8. tf)y* Sok; &j* soka-t; 
&£(s*y furtaika-t. 

Pbonominal, ad/, v^**-* 4&miri-v. 

Pbonoun, s. ^4-a 4amir (pi. ^u-a 
(jlainayir). See Demonstbative, 
Relative, &c. 

Pbonounce, v. (articulate) ltd 
lafaz, yalfiz; k*fc talaffag, yata- 
laifaz. — (^roracmnce sentence) 
(+&» hakam, yahkum ; ^J^ j±*\ 
asdar al-hukm, yu^dir. 

Pbonunciation, 8. la) lafj (pi. iW 
alfaz) ; Itfl? talafEug. 

Pboof, 8. (evidence) SjaU sahida-t 
(pi. jufcUfc sawahid) ; JJ*> dalil 
(pi. Jt& dalayil) ; (^W bayan ; 
0^ burhan (pi. {$t*\* barahin). 
— (test) ^)W^»\ imtihan ; hfr 
tajriba-t (pi. s^r tajarib) ; *±**i 
bal^s ; 8p*> hubra-t. 

Prop, g. ju- sanad (pi. *>\ju.\ asnad) ; 
jlu-\ istinad. 

Pbop, v. *u~ sanad, yasnud ; san- 
nad, yusannid ; J^U sanad, yusa- 

Pbopaoate, v.a. (increase in num- 
ber) j£ kasgar, yuka§§ir ; **\) zad, 
yazid. — (spread) y** nasar, yan- 
£ur ; gUt asa*, yusl' ; £** Sayya', 
yuSayyi*. — (increase by genera- 
tion) J-U? tanasal, yatanasal. 

Pbopaoation, s. (increase) SjV^ 
ziyada-t; *>^jt izdiyad; j&& 
takgir. — (of a race) J~Uj tana- 
sul. — (diffusion) jUus>\ intisar ; 
&&\u\ isa'a-t. 

Pbopel, v. jU. saq, yasuq; OjL 
tarad, yatrud. 

Pbopensity, s, J** mail (pi. JW^ 
amyal) ; U&*i\ in'itaf ; fej rug- 
ba-t; ^y& hawa. 

Pbopbb, adj. (suitable) &} layiq ; 
<3*\y» muwatiq ; s-**^ muna- 
sib. — (beseeming) s-**\> wajib ; 
s -* f .~* mustaujib. — (peculiar) 
v^U. b&s ; &y**" mabaua.— (real) 

o 8 ^ baqiqi-y ; J*t asli-y.— (a 
proper name) ^Jc «alam (pi. ffc\ 
a' lam). 

Pbopebty, *. (peculiar quality) 
ie-U. hassiya-t (pi. <jo*Us> hasa- 
yis) ; Lo\± hassa-t (pi. <j»V- ha- 
wasf ) ; ***** kaifiya-t ; &**U ma- 
hiya-t ; «-JUj wasf ; &* sif a-t. — 
(a thing owned) JU mal (pi. JV*^ 
amwal) ; g^* mata* (pi. I«*\ 
amti'a-t) ; oXU milk (pi. dU\ 

Pbophecy, *. £***> tambiya-t ; b\& 
kihana-t. — (gift of prophecy) 8j*i 
nabiiwa-t ; y*& tanabbu. 

Pbophesy, v. ij*£ tanabba, yata- 
nabba ; y4& takahhan, yatakah- 

Pbophet, 8. ^ nabi-y (pi. W^ 
ambiya) ; J^-j rasul (pi. J-j\ 
arsul* J-; rusul, *y rusala') ; 
(jjfctf kahin (pi. k& kahana-t, 
q)\& kuhhan). 

Pbophetic, Prophetical, adj. 
tjyti nabawi-y ; J^»j rasuli-y. 

Pbopinquity, *. s^y qurb ; Jjtjl 
qaraba-t; s-^-* nasab. 

Pbopitiate, v. u^*a-\ ista'taf, 

Pbopitiation, *. ^iU««*-i\ isti'taf. 

Pbopitious, adj. (favourable) &\y 
muwafiq; p*±+ mun'im; «-AjJ 
la^if. — (disposed to be merciful) 
(*?>} ratim; yUj ragman; ^ 
gafur (pi. yi gufur). 

Pbopitiou8ne»8, s. SacL-^ musa- 
4 ada-t; UkU lu^f; *+*> ni'ma-t 
(pi. ^ ni 4 am) ; <jk*/ taufiq ; 
iUy ratma-t. 

Pbopobtion, a. if— i nasaba-t; 
«^wbJ tanasub ; fi*>U* mu k adala-t; 
J\joa\ i'tidal ; &*$»• mu^abaqa-t. 

Pbopobtion, Pbopobtionate, v. 
Jj^ 'addal, yu'addil ; Jac\ a*dal, 
yu'dil ; ^ ^-U qas 4 ala, yaqis ; 
^ )<& qaddar *ala, yuqaddir; 
J s-^-^ nasab li, yunasib. 

Proportionable, Proportionate, 
adj. «-r*-^*« mutanasib ; 0^^* 
mufabiq; «J^^ muwanq. 

Pbopobtionableness, Pbopob- 

Digitized by 






8. s-*~tjj tanasub; &*>U* mu- 

'adala-t ; J\j**\ i'tidal. 
Proportionle8s,o(2/. «-r*~^^ gair 

munasib ; J^^** jt* gair mufcabiq ; 

s*~Uj^ ^ofi *adim at- tanasub. 
Proposal, *. &>y 'urda-t; \j>)f* 

ma'rud ; pJS* muqaddam. 
Propose, v. jby 'arad, yarud. 
Proposition, s. (in mathematics, 

etc.) fll~* nias'ala-t (pi. JfU*» 

Propound, v. <J>f 'ara4, ya'nuji ; 

f& qaddam, yuqaddim. 
Proprietary, adj. **)jU* mamluk. 
Proprietor, 8. s-^-^* sahib (pi. 

s-»^^ ashab) ; *sW*» malik (pi. 

c*)jU\ umluk). 
Propriety, s. &^J layaqa-t ; **-• U* 

munasaba-t ; s^j*; wujub. 
Propulsion, «. jW- siyaq; &W- 

Prorogation, *. je^^s ta'hir ; Utfy 

tawaqquf ; to^ waqfa-t. 
Prorogue, v. ^ ahhar, yu'ahhir; 

«-ASj waqqaf, yuwaqqif. 
Prosaic, Prosaical, adj. ^^ 

Proscribe, v. » naf a, y anf i ; naff a, 

yunaffi ; ^ fcarad, ya{rad ; ?y 

haram, yahrim ; ^y\ ah ram, 

yukrim; alaa* y\ amar bi-qatl- 

hu, yamur. 
Proscription, 8. <J* nafi; f\y\ 

i^ram ; »>jL (ard. 
Prose, *. ^ nasr. — {rhymed prose) 

£%~ saja*; g^-^ (3S kalam 

Prosecute, t>. (j>ursue) £** taba', 

yatba'; ^j^X^^ istal^aq, yastal- 

W> ^ tarad, ya^rad. — (con- 

tinue) j+*~\ istamarr, yastamirr ; 

rf* dawam, yudawim (both with 

^ 'ala). — (sue) Vcj\ idda'a, 


PR08ECUTION, *. (pursuit) fi^Ua* 

mutarada-t; &fc>X* niukhaqa-t; 
v«**> ta'aqqub. — (eo/*Jmiuince) 
&#^jl* mudawama-t ; ^^i-\ is- 
timrar. — (legal prosecution) t£f* 
da'wa 5 \f** da'wa. 

Prosecutor, a. ^5^^ mudda'i. 
Proselyte, «. J^*> dahil ; ^-^ 

girs, gars (pi. yA£\ agras). 
Prosines8, 8. Jjt Jul ; Jiji* tat- 

Prosody, s. Jb^f. «aru4 ; v/jp*^ /•** 

*ilm al-'aru<jl ; y^\ &$y (J* *ilni 

mawazin ai-si'r. 
Prospect, *. (view) *p nazra-t; 
)**+ manzar; &t {alla-t*; £♦**• 

mutmah (pi. e^U** matamih). — 

(hope) JM amal (pi. J^ amal) ; 

Wj raja. 
Prosper, v. ^ falah, yaflah ; ^\ 

aflah, yuflih ; &* najah, yanjaJ? ; 

<3*y tawaffaq, yatawaffak. 
Prosperity, s. J^ iqbal ; ^-*t 

vasar; ^U*i na'ma-t; ^5^* nu'ma; 

&jU- sa'ada-t; ^*; ^*^ 'i^a-t 

radiya-t ; Jb*y taufiq. 
Prosperous, adj. ^» muflit ; J«^ 

muqbal; a<>*- sa^d; ^*--« 

Prostitute, v. cr** J dannas, 

yudannis ; {j**r najjas, yunajjis ; 

J»Sj razzal, yurazzil. 
Prostitute, *. W qahba-t (pi. 

v»^» qil^ab); W»\) za^iya-t (pi. 

j»\^j zawati) ; Z~**M fahi6a-t. 
Prostitution, s. ^y^ fisq ; ^j zina ; 

&**> qahbana-t. 
Prostrate, v. (throw down) t^ 

tarat, ya^rat ; { y») rama, yarmi. 

— (bow in reverence) •*%-» sajad, 

yasjud ; g^ raka 4 , yarka*. 
Prostrate, adj. ji" mulqa; ^ 

laqan (pi. W alqa); f^* masrft ; 

gt r sari*. 
Prostration, s. ^^- sujM ; i*^- 

sajda-t; &**j rak*a-t. 
Prosy, od;. J/** mamlCll; ^y* 

Protect, v. {J **> hama, yahmi; 

^^ t am a, yuljanii; (^U san, 

yasun; jW\ ajar, yajir; «^ *^ 

sadd zahr-hu,yaiidd; ^^ hafaj, 

yu^afij. — (against anything: &• 

min, fc>* *an). 
Protection, *. ^U*. Ijimaya-t; 

SUW* muhamat ; &i\** siyana-t ; 

yy saun; A^Wt muljafaza-t; 

Digitized by 





ijW\ ijara-t ; JjtUj waqaya-t ; ^ UJ 

Peotbst, Peotb8Tation, s. (decla- 
ration, especially of dissent) j\j»\ 

iqrar; wJU^ muhalafa-t; f-Srf 

Protest, v. (assure) ^ akkad, 

yu'akkid; yft aqarr, yuqirr. — 

(oppose) UtfU. halaf, yuhalif ; 

^f*\ i'tara&ya'taritjl ; f^tf J** 

'amil protesto, ya'mal. 
Peototype, s. JU\ asl (pi. Af\ 

usul); J^JU migal (pi. AU*\ 

amsila-t, JA* uiusl). 
Peoteact, v. ^\ ahhar, yu'ahhir; 

jy» tawwal, jutawwil; JVU ajal, 

Pbotbaction, s. j6*»*\* ta'hir ; Ji^ 

tatwil ; *!U.\ i$ala-t ; ^y tawani; 

S\jaA imtidad. 
Peoteude, v. a. t/^ ahraj, yuhrij ; 

n. jy barraz, yubarriz. 
Peotctbebance, s. fa waram (pi. 

p\#\ auram) ; £afctf nafha-t. 
Peotubeeant, adj. (swollen) tp*" 

manful ; o^ warman ; *fo 

warim. — (prominent) <j>^ nati. 
Peotubeeate, v. f)) warim, yarim ; 

fif tawarram, yatawarram ; £fc*\ 

intafah, yantafih. 
Peoxjd, adj. y£*+ mutakabbir; 

/ *&+ muftahir; j^yu magrur. — 

(behave proudly) y*& takabbar, 

Peoyable, adj. «t>W*3\ J*U q&bil 

al-igbat ; c^^ yugbat. 
Peovb, v. (demonstrate) y*i bayyan, 

yubayyin; &*& agbat, yusbit; 

^Jty barhan, yubarhin; ^ J*> 

daft, 'ala, yadull. — (try) &**~\ 

imtaljan, y am t ah in ; s-»/»- jarrab, 

yujarrib ; si***. ba^a§, yabi^ag. 
Pbovendee, «. uuy qut (pi. *a>\ji\ 

aqwat); «-Alc 'alaf (pi. ^0* 

Peoveeb, s. J** magal (pi. J^*\ 

Peoyeebial, adj. i j£* masali-y ; 

Ju*\ amgali-y. 
Provide, v. (get ready) j**> \t*4$ax, 

yuJ^atf^irj V«* hayya, yuhayyij 

ys+ jahhaz, yujahhiz. — (supply) 
j^ razaq, yarzuq. — (stipulate) 
Lj* sarat, yairut, yairit; ^U 
sarat, yusarit. — (provide against) 
**)jW tadarak, yatadarak. 

Peovided that, conj. q\ Ly** bi-sart 

Pbovidence, 8. (Divine) &+£*£\ 
£-e$12\ al-hukmat al-ilahiya-t ; 
£*aW £ftU*J\ al-'inayat al-ilahiya-t. 
— (prudence) s-*\j*N s^^-*- kisab 
al-'awaqib; S^-> basira-t ; jc**** 

Peovidential, adj. &+- W W ^ 
i*^ mutaminam bi-'l-hukmat 

Peovince, *. &&) wilaya-t; aJ^ 

Peovincial, adj. (relating to a 
province) hty s-*-l**« munasib 
li-'l-wilaya-t. — (rustic) ^^ galig ; 
{m f^ fallati-y. 

Peovincial, s. c^* fallafc. 

Peovingialism, 8. Ae>UJa«l» $um- 

Peovision, *. (food, store) «^y qAt 
(pi. «y\yfl aqwat) ; *\y zad ; l^\y) 
zawwada-t ; &*y miina-t ; VUy 
qumaniya-t; f*± zuhr (pi. j\^S\ 
azhar). — (preparation) jd^5 tad- 
bir ; y<ar tajhiz ; ^\js tadaruk. 

Peovision, v. <*$ zawwad, yuzaw- 
wid ; y*+ jahhaz, yujahhiz. 

Peovisional, adj. ^^ waqti-y. 

Peoviso, s. tj-^* sart (pi. L^** 

JPeovocation, «. i^^\ igaza-t. 

Pbovocative, 8. S^a3\ v*S^^ inu^ar* 
rik as-6ahwa-t. 

Peovoke, v. (excite, move to) *<J^ 
tarraq, yutarriq; <J>f» t ar ra4> 
jutarri^. — (make angry) s-~&M 
ag4ab, yug(jLib ; i^\ agag, yugiz. 

Peovost, 8. (chief) w^j ra'is ; ^W. 
bakim (pi. (*^*> ^ukkam) ; {**** 

Pbow, *. s-^i\ (^u muqaddam 

Peowess, 8. &t** saja'a-t; ^^ 

butiila-t ; 


^ jura'-t j 


Digitized by 





Prowl, v. sJU* taf, yattif; «jU*\ 

a$af, ju^ii. 
Prowler, s. u\£ tawwaf. 
Proximate, adj. w-**y* qarib (pi. 

s^V qirab) ; s^ aqrab ; J-as* 

Proximity, g. s^ 5 qurb ; JUrt 

Proxy, *. {person) J**j wakil (pi. 

!fc*j wukala) ; s-h* nayib (pi. s^y 

naub, s^y nuwwab). — {full 

power) X*& l*±j ruhsa-t kulliya-t ; 

<3^* u^y* tai'wi4 mutlaq. 
Prude, *. ^\y mura'i. 
Prudence, s. ^Ji tadbir ; S^-> 

bagira-t; Jte 'aql ; ±*j rusd; 

^jJa* fi^na-t ; ff* Ijazm. 
Prudent, adj. J*^ 'aqil (pi. ^ 

'uqala, JU* 'uqqal) ; ^^ s-^U 

?a$ib tadbir (pi. s^W^ afhab) ; 

Ijel p^ ?& ba$ira-t ; pj^ bazim 

(pi. X*yk hazama-t) ; {^ fatin 

(pi. u& fu'tn). 
Prudery, *. ^ riya; 8^\;* miir- 

Prune, s. ^W\ ija§; ^^ inja$ 

{Egypt.) ; e^ feauh, hoh {Syr.) ; 

<jyy barqAq (Ifo^r.). 
Prune, v. ^ qallam, yuqallim. 
Pruning, s. p&s taqlim. 
Prurience, Pruriency, *. J i* * * £ 

Prurient, adj. < j »*Jl ' <* munagmi^. 
Pry, v. v-~*r tajassas, yatajassas. 
Psalm, *. jyy mazmur (pi. j*+\y 



Psalmody, s. j«*y tazmir. 

P8ALTER, 8. rfj zibf ; rff\ s^ 

kitab az-zubur. 
Psaltery, s. {musical instrument) 

0**^ qanun (pi. c^V qawanin) ; 

y^* santir. 
Psychological, adj. &y& s— -U* 

is*d\ munasib li-'l-ina'rifat an- 


P8YCHOLOGI8T, 8. v-toft liy s-^.U 

9afeib ma'rifat an-nafs. 
Psychology, s. v/ -a*J\ Ihy ma'ri- 
fat an-nafs. 

Puberty, s. tfa bulug; A**y» bulu- 

Pubescent, adj. £*W balig. 

Public, adj. {common) pVc *amm ; 
^yy* 'umftmi-y ; dy&~» mu^> 
tarik ; ^je*** jainburi-y. — {no- 
torious) y*Ufc zahir ; jj6-**» inaihur ; 
^y ma'ruf ; ^i* 4 alani-y. 

Public, *. pUH al-'amm ; i^jatH 
f\f&\y al - hawass wa-'l-'awam ; 
jje*^ jumhftr (pi. ^W jama- 
hir) ; <j*VaN an-nas. 

Publican, s. {keeper of a public- 
house) jU*. hammar ; ^s^Vafe** 
maihanji {Pers., Turk.). — {tax- 
gatherer) jV-ftx *as.4ar.