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Full text of "Germany surrenders unconditionally"

I ASi.aiaal 



GERMANY 

SURRENDERS 

UNCONDITIONALLY 



Facsimiles of the 
Documents 




S. M. U. LI3RARY 







NATIONAL ARCHIVES PUBLICATION 
NO. 46-4 






United States Government Pbintino Office, Wakhinoton, 1945 



For sal* by the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office 
Washington 25, D. C. Price 30 cents 






GERMANY SURRENDERS 
UNCONDITIONALLY 

FACSIMILES 
OF THE DOCUMENTS 




The National Archives 




The Exhibition Hall of the National Archives 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 

Germany surrenders unconditionally 1 

Radio script of the ceremonies opening the exhibit of the surrender 

documents 2 

Facsimiles of the documents 5 

Instrument of surrender of all German forces in Holland, north- 
west Germany, and Denmark, signed at Liineburg on May 

4, 1945 7 

Reichspresident Donitz's authorization to Colonel General Jodl to 

conclude a general surrender 8 

Instrument of surrender of all German forces, signed at Reims on 

May 7, 1945 9 

Orders relating to the surrender of the German Army and Air 

Forces 11 

Orders relating to the surrender of the German Naval Forces . . 12 
Agreement to execute a formal ratification of the unconditional 

surrender, signed by Jodl at Reims 30 

Reichspresident Donitz's authorization to German representatives 

to execute ratification _ . . 31 

Instrument of surrender signed at Berlin on May 8, 1945 .... 32 

Instrument of surrender signed at Berlin (in Russian) 35 

Instrument of surrender signed at Berlin (in German) 38 

President Truman's VE-day proclamation 40 



Germany Surrenders Unconditionally 



BEFORE the might of Allied arms, vaunted 
Festung Europa, Fortress Europe, crum- 
bled into final ruin in the spring of 1 945 
and its Nazi masters died ignominiously or slunk 
into hiding like the criminals they are, leaving 
substitute fuehrers to yield in unconditional sur- 
render. Thus the Nazi revolution against the 
morals of modern civilization came to an end. 
It came so close to succeeding, however, that the 
testimony of its failure, the surrender documents 
signed at Liineburg, Reims, and Berlin, will re- 
main forever among the most significant records 
of our times. 

Squirming under the heels of the victorious 
Allied Expeditionary Force and the conquering 
Red Army, the Germans, in the vain hope of 
obtaining a softer peace, sought to surrender only 
to the AEF. At Liineburg, Field Marshal Sir 
Bernard Law Montgomery sternly rejected the 
bid for a surrender of the German armies in 
Holland, northwest Germany, and Denmark to 
the AEF alone. Trapped, General Admiral 
Hans Georg von Friedeburg, who had become 
head of the German Navy when Grand Admiral 
Karl Dcinitz succeeded Hitler as Reichspresidcnt, 
consequently yielded those armies to all the Al- 
lies when he surrendered to Montgomery on 
Liineburg Heath on May 4, 1945, 3 days before 
the general surrender at Reims. Kinzel, G. 
Wagner, Poleck, and Friedel also signed this 
document. 

On May 5, General Admiral von Friedeburg 
arrived at General Dwight D. Eisenhower's AEF 
Headquarters at Reims. Final capitulation was 
expected at once, but again the Admiral tried 
to avoid surrendering to the Soviet High Com- 
mand. He claimed he had no authority to do 
so. Lieutenant General Walter Bedell Smith, 
Chief of Staff to General Eisenhower, for whom 
he acted, refused to consider such a partial sur- 
render, and finally Von Friedeburg asked Reichs- 
president Donitz to authorize him to accept the 
Allied terms or to send someone who could. 



Colonel General Alfred Jodl was so authorized 
and flew to Reims. 

It was nearly 3 a. m., 0241 hours, on May 7 
when the unconditional surrender of "all forces 
on land, sea, and in the air" under German con- 
trol'was signed by Jodl for the German High 
Command, by Smith for the Supreme Com- 
mander of the Allied Expeditionary Force, and 
by General Ivan Sousloparov for the Soviet High 
Command, General Francois Scvez of the 
French Army witnessed the signing. Military 
operations were to cease, the document provided, 
on May 8 at 2301 hours, central European time. 

Orders were issued at Reims for the carrying 
out of the surrender of the German Army and 
Air Forces on the Western Front, in Norway, 
and in the Channel Islands, and, in a document 
signed by Admiral Sir Harold M. Burrough, the 
surrender of the German Naval Forces, including 
the U-Boat Fleet, was provided for. Besides the 
general surrender document, Jodl signed an 
agreement that representatives of the German 
High Command would meet later to execute a 
formal ratification of the surrender. For this 
purpose Dciniiz designated General Field Marshal 
Keitel, Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces High 
Command and Commander in Chief of the Army, 
General Admiral von Friedeburg, Commander 
in Chief of the Navy, and Colonel General Hans 
Jtirgen Stumpff, representative of the Com- 
mander in Chief of the Air Forces. 

The ratification meeting took place on May 8 
in Berlin. There another instrument of sur- 
render, which except for one or two additions 
repeated the Reims document, was signed by the 
German officers named by the Reichspresident, 
by Air Chief Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder for the 
Supreme Commander of the Allied Expedition- 
ary Force, and by Marshal Gcorgi Zhukov for 
the Supreme High Command of the Red Army. 
Carl Spaatz, Commanding General of the United 
States Strategic Air Forces, and F. de Lattre- 
Tassigny, Commanding General of the First 

Page one 



French Army, were witnesses. The Berlin sur- 
render was drawn up in English, Russian, and 
German, but it was specified that only the English 
and Russian texts were "authentic." 

Victory in Europe became official in the 
United States on May 8, 1945. On that day 
President Truman issued a proclamation pro- 
claiming the end of the war in Europe and desig- 
nating Sunday, May 13, as a day of prayer and 
thanksgiving. 

Shortly after VE-day, the Archivist of the 
United States discussed with President Truman 
the desirability of exhibiting the VE-day procla- 
mation and the German surrender documents as 
a symbol of what a democratic people, allied with 
other nations believing in freedom, can accom- 
plish. The President approved and the Com- 
bined Chiefs of Staff made the surrender papers 



available to the National Archives. The procla- 
mation was in the files of the Division of the 
Federal Register of the National Archives. 

The documents were placed on public view 
for the first time on June 6, the first anniversary 
of D-day, when they were added to an exhibit 
on "President Roosevelt and International Co- 
operation for War and Peace" already on dis- 
play in the Exhibition Hall of the National Ar- 
chives. Except for President Truman's procla- 
mation, these momentous documents, which are 
reproduced herein in facsimile, are not in the 
least impressive in appearance. They are not 
beribboned nor do they bear the seals associated 
with important state papers. Yet, in spite of 
their ordinary appearance, they mark the end of 
an evil tyranny that threatened to dominate the 
world. 



Radio Script of the Ceremonies Opening the Exhibit of the 
Surrender Documents 



Announcer: Ladies and gentlemen, from the 
Exhibition Hall of the National Archives Build- 
ing in our Nation's Capital is brought to you a 
special ceremony in celebration of the first anni- 
versary of D-day, during which the original Ger- 
man surrender documents will be placed on 
public display. 

This is indeed a beautiful setting. The hall 
is semicircular in shape and its ceiling is a half 
dome 75 feet above the floor. On the north 
side of the room facing the entrance is a marble 
shrine in whk;h hangs the American flag that 
was raised above Rome on the day of its cap- 
ture. In front of this is a large center case con- 
taining the German surrender documents, which 
the Combined Chiefs of Staff have turned over 
to the National Archives for public exhibition. 
Around the walls on each side of this case are 
smaller display cases. Above them to the right 
and left are two large murals by Barry Faulkner, 
one depicting a scene in connection with the 
Declaration of Independence and the other show- 
ing the submission of the draft of the Constitu- 
tion to the Convention. 

During the ceremony the German surrender 
documents signed at Liineburg, at Reims, and at 

Page I wo 



Berlin will be made available for public inspec- 
tion. The case holding them will be unveiled 
by Major General Anthony C. McAulifTe, a 
resident of Washington, and the documents will 
be accepted for public exhibition by Dr. Solon J. 
Buck, Archivist of the United States. Senator 
Edwin C. Johnson, of Colorado, the ranking 
Democratic member of the Senate Military 
Affairs Committee, will be the master of 
ceremonies. 

And now, the next voice you will hear will 
be that of Dr. Solon J. Buck, Archivist of the 
United States. 

The Archivist: Ladies and gentlemen, it 
affords me genuine pleasure to welcome you to 
the National Archives on this significant occa- 
sion. I am happy to have the honor and the 
privilege of introducing to you Senator Edwin C. 
Johnson, of Colorado, representing the Senate 
Military Affairs Committee, who will serve as 
master of ceremonies. 

Senator Johnson: On June 6, 1944, one 
of the most difficult and amazing military feats 
in the history of warfare was successfully car- 
ried out. One year ago today our troops and 
those of our allies landed on the fire-raked 



beaches of Normandy. All of us are familiar 
with the story of that operation. None of us 
has forgotten, or is likely to forget, the thrill that 
came to all America with the news of that inva- 
sion. Eleven months thereafter those fighting 
men, under the inspired leadership of that Amer- 
ican military genius, General Eisenhower, with 
the assistance of the valiant Red Army, had 
beaten Germany into unconditional surrender. 
It is extremely fitting, therefore, on this, the first 
anniversary of D-day, that the documentary evi- 
dence of that unconditional surrender that 
brought to a disastrous end Hitler's dream of 
world conquest and rid the world of the evils of 
nazism should be placed on public display. 

It is very appropriate, too, that they should 
be displayed in the Exhibition Hall of the Na- 
tional Archives to supplement the exhibit of 
material already on display relating to the efforts 
of our late beloved leader, President Roosevelt, 
to bring the war to a successful conclusion and to 
win lasting world peace. These surrender docu- 
ments, signed at Liineburg, Reims, and Berlin, 
constitute tangible evidence of the consumma- 
tion of one of President Roosevelt's primary ob- 
jectives — the complete defeat of Germany — and 
it is altogether fitting that they should be made a 
part of this exhibit that reflects so vividly the 
high ideals and noble efforts of President Roose- 
velt to make the world a better place in which 
to live. 

This is indeed a significant occasion, and I 
commend the Combined Chiefs of Staff for 
making these documents available and the Na- 
tional Archives for placing them on public 
display. 

We are honored to have with us a number of 
distinguished representatives of the War and 
Navy Departments. Rear Admiral J. L. Mc- 
Crea, who served as naval aide to the late Presi- 
dent Roosevelt, and Rear Admiral M. B. Gard- 
ner, who has just returned from the command 
of a submarine force in the Pacific, arc present 
to represent the Navy Department. 

And now It is my privilege to present to you 
a distinguished military leader, just back from 
Europe, who will speak for the War Depart- 
ment and unveil the case in which are displayed 
the German surrender documents. All of you 
are familiar with the heroic saga of Bastogne 
and with the successful stand made there by a 
mere handful of brave fighting men. I am in- 



deed hanored to introduce to you the intrepid 
commander of our embattled garrison at Bas- 
togne, who, in response to a German demand to 
surrender, sent the now famous reply, "Nuts!" 
Ladies and gentlemen, Major General Anthony 
C. McAulifTe. 

Major General McAuliffe: Senator John- 
son, Dr. Buck, ladies and gentlemen. I am in- 
deed honored, as representative of the Secre- . 
tary of War, to assist in officially unveiling the 
German unconditional surrender documents. 
These documents are testimony, now and for- 
ever, that the American soldier, bound to a just 
cause, and backed up by the labor and industry 
of America, can and will overcome any evil force 
on earth no matter how strong, or how long in 
power. These documents also are a promise of 
the future, the unhappy future that lies ahead 
for our bitter enemy, Japan. On this first anni- 
versary of D-day, I know I speak from the heart 
of every American soldier when I say we are 
proud of the part we played to help bring these 
documents here. And I know, too, I speak for 
them when I say we cannot rest until the mili- 
tary might of that enemy in the Pacific is de- 
stroyed and peace is once more restored to this 
earth. 

Senator Johnson: Thank you, General Mc- 
Auliffe. The American people are indeed for- 
tunate that our armed forces, of whom we are 
so proud, are under the command of men like 
you, who provide such undaunted leadership. 

And now it is my privilege to present to you 
the Archivist of the United States, who will ac- 
cept these historic documents for public display 
and who will read a message from the President 
of the United States. Ladies and gentlemen, 
the Archivist of the United States, Dr. Solon J. 
Buck. 

The Archivist: Senator Johnson, General 
McAuliffe, ladies and gentlemen. It is with 
deep gratitude, General McAuliffe, that the Na- 
tional Archives receives from you, as a repre- 
sentative of the American armed forces, these 
tokens of Germany's unconditional surrender. 
Here in a few sheets of paper is recorded his- 
tory's greatest triumph over the forces of evil. 
Here is recorded the end, at last, of a tyranny 
that, having enslaved the peoples of Germany 
and of Europe, reached out to enslave the world. 

We shall remember, as we read these docu- 
ments, what was sacrificed to win the victory 

Page three 



they symbolize. We shall remember the bloody 
roads that stretched from Stalingrad and Sa- 
lerno and Normandy to Berlin. We shall re- 
member what price our sons and allies paid in 
suffering and lives to wring this admission of 
utter defeat from the leaders of nazidom. 

The exhibit to which these documents are 
added — -"President Roosevelt and International 
Cooperation for War and Peace"- — was planned 
while Franklin Roosevelt still lived, to record the 
long steps that had been taken, from the earliest 
days of lend-lease through the Conference at 
Yalta, to organize a world freed from tyranny 
and the threat of tyranny — a world in which 
nations could live together in peace and in which 
each tomorrow would bring for all people not 
fear but hope. Perhaps only in such a democ- 
racy as this could documents recording that hard- 
won progress be laid so prompdy before the 
people who helped achieve it. 

The surrender documents and President Tru- 
man's proclamation of victory in Europe com- 
plete one part of the story recorded in this room. 
But that story is not ended, nor will the task of 
any of us be done until the time when there can 
also be laid here before the people the tokens of 
the complete surrender of our enemies in the 



Pacific and the charter of a new union of the 
peace-loving nations of the world. 

President Truman has asked me to express his 
regret that he could not be here today. He has 
sent a message, however, which he asked me 
to read in his behalf. This is his message : 

"The placing on public view of the documents 
that mark the unconditional surrender of Ger- 
many is a significant occasion. It is fitting that 
it should take place on the first anniversary of 
D-day, the beginning of the end of the war in 
Europe. The people of the Nation — the peo- 
ples of the United Nations— arc profoundly 
thankful that this anniversary sees the hostilities 
on that front at an end. These documents are 
a symbol of that victory, an eloquent tribute to 
the courageous men, living and dead, who made 
it possible. 

"In our satisfaction over one goal won, how- 
ever, we cannot forget that the world is not yet 
rid of the scourge of oppression and brutality. 
The triumph of Allied arms in Europe is being 
matched in the Pacific, but it is not for victory 
on the battlefields alone that we fight. Until 
liberty, justice, and an enduring peace are won, 
complete victory will not be ours." 



In September the German surrender documents were trans- 
ferred to the legal custody of the Archivist of the United States for 
permanent preservation. 



Page foi 



Facsimiles of the Documents 



Instrument of Surrender 

of 

All German anaed forces in HOLLAND, in 

northwest Germany including all islands , 

and in DEHMARK . 



1. The German Command agrees to the surrender of all German armed 
forces In HOLLAND, in northwest GERMANY, including the PKLSIAN 
ISLANDS and HELIGOLAND aM all other islands, in SCHLESWTG- 
HGL3TEIN, and in DSNUARK, to the C.-in-C. 21 Amy Group. 

These foroes to lay down their arma'and to surrender unconditionally, 

2. All hostilities on land, on sea, or in the air by German foroes 

in the above areas to oease at QfOO hrs. British Double Suuuor Time 
on. Saturday 5 Kay 19W. 

3. The German command to carry out at once, and without argument or 
comment, all further orders that will be issued by the Allied 
Powers on any subject. 

4. Disobedience of orders, or failure to comply with them, will be 
regarded as a breaoh of these surrender terns and will be dealt 
with by the Allied Powers la accordance with the accepted laws 
and usages of war. 

5. This instrument of surrender is independent of, without prejudice 
to, and will be superseded by any general Instrument of surrender 
Imposed by or en behalf of the Allied Powers and applicable to Gen.iany 
and the German armed foroes as a whole. 

6. This instrument of surrender is written in English and in German. 
The English version is the authentic text. 

7. The decision of the Allied Powers will be final if any doubt or 
dispute arises as to the meaning or interpretation of the surrender 



C- r 



0**^G-^—>J'. 







M/tJJ- 





Hauptquartier.clen 6. Hat 1945. 


Ich bevollnachtlge Generaloberst J o d 1 , 


Chef des Wehrnac 


htflihrungsstabes In Oberkanigando 


der Kehraachi, zuo Abschluss etnes Waff ens t i 1 1- 


standsabkoaaiens 


■ft den Hauptquartf er des Generals 


E 1 s a n h o i 


e r . 






^l^^;^ 


GroBadnlral. 


HUH 




"W H 




mm.i«J3£t!im 




ci*r-s/*-r-_r 




Pagi tight 





Only this text In English is authoritative 

API OF mhjtary agBLggg g 

1 • We the undersigned, acting by authority 
of the German High Command, hereby surrender 
unconditionally to the Supreme Commander, Allied 
Expeditionary Force and sijnultaneoualy to the 
Soviet High Command all forces on land, sea, and in 
the air who are at this date under German control. 

2. The German High Command will at once 
issue orders to all German military, naval and 
air authorities and to all forces under German 
control to oease active operations at 2 53 j hours 
Central European time on ^ M Clm and to 
remain in the positions occupied at that time. Ho 
ship, vessel, or aircraft is to be scuttled, or any 
damage done to their hull, machinery or equipment* 

3. The German High Command will at once 
issue to the appropriate commanders, and ensure 
the carrying out of any further orders issued by 
the Supreme Ccmmander, Allied Expeditionary Force 
and by the Soviet High Command* 

h-t This act of military surrender is without 
prejudice to, and will be superseded by any 
general instrument of surrender Imposed by, or 
on behalf of the United Nations and applicable 
to GEEMAHT and the German armed forces as a whole. 



5a In the event of the Gernen High Ccnmand 
or up of the forces under their control failing 
to act In accordance with this Act of Surrender, 
the Stftrene Ccnnander, Allied Expeditionary Force 
and the Soviet High Conaand will take such punitive 
or other action as they deem appropriate. 



Signed at/^AoU* af^-lv/onthe 7 ^ day of Kay, 1945. 



On behalf of the German High Ccnraand. 




Df THE PEBSBCS OP 



On behalf of the Supreme Cannander, 
Allied Expeditionary Pores. 



On behalf of the Soviet 



yi^U-atSiy y 



J(\^> 



Page ten 



SUPREME HEADQUARTERS 
ALLIKD EXPEDITIOHAEf FORCE 



ORDERS BY THE SUPREME COM-iAHDEa. 
ALT.™ EXPEDITIONARY FORCE RELATING TO 
AEMT ACT AIH FORCES UNDER OERKAN CONTROL 



1. Local compandors of Army and Air Forces 
under German control on the Western Front, In 
NOEWAY and In the CBAHNEL ISLANDS will hold themselves 
in readiness to receive detailed orders for the 
surrender of their forces from the Supreme Commander's 
subordinate comnandere opposite their front. 

2. In the case of NORMA? the Supreme 
Commander's representatives will be the General 
Officer Commanding-ln-Chlef, Scottish Command and 
Air Officer Commanding 13 Group RAF. 

3. In the case of the CHANNEL ISLAKDS the 
Supreme Commander's representatives will be the 
General Officer Commandlng-ln-Chief, Southern 
Comnand and Air Officer Commanding 10 Group RAT. 



Supreme Coon 



Signed 

For the Supreme Commander, AXF. 



SEBCIAL 0HDEK5 BY liH. SWffiMB COMMANDER, ALUED 
EXHJjrriCMARY FOFCE to the gbkmah high ccmwhd 
RBUTP1G TO KAVAL FOflCBS 



For the purpose of these orders the term "Allied 
Representatives" shell be deemed to include the 
Suprene Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force, 
and any subordinate commander, staff officer or 
agent acting pursuant to his orders! 



Page twelve 



SPiJOIAL 0BDSR3 BY TUB SUPKEMS SOWWDaR, AUJBP 

KggprritKAai pokm to the gsrmam high ctaomtp 

RE1ATIHG TO NAVAL FORCES 
PART I GENERAL 

Da fia lticm of Naval Foroes 

1. For the purpose of those orders all fonnetiona, 
units and personnel of the Gannon Navy together with the 
Uorine Kusten Polisei shall be referred to as the German 
Naval Poroes* 

2. Eembers of the Marine Kusten Polizel will 
immediately be placed under the command of the appropriate 
German Naval Commanders who will be responsible for their 
disarmament and discipline, as well as for their 
maintenance and supply where applicable, to the same 
extent and degree as for units of the German Navy. 
German Naval Representative a and information required 
immediately 

3* The German High Command will despatch within 

I& hours after the surrender becomes effective, a rea- 

ponalble Flag Offioer to the Allied. Naval Commander, 

Expeditionary Force at his Headquarters. This 

Flag Offioer will furnish the Allied Naval Commander, 

Expeditionary Force, with:- 

a. Corrected copies of charts showing all 

minefields in Western European waters, includi n g the 

BAI1TI0 as far as LUHJJX (inclusive) which have been laid 

by German and German-controlled vessels or aircraft, 

positions of all wrecks, booms and Other underwater 

obstructions In this area, details of the German convoy 

routes and searched channels and of all buoys, lights 

and other navigational aids in this area. The appropriate 

navigational publications are also required. 
-1- 



Page thirteen 



b. Details of the exact location of all 
departments and branches of the German Admiralty (OKI'.,). 

c. All available information concerning 

the numbers and types of German ndnesweepers and sperr- 
breohera in German controlled Dutch porta and German 
NORTH 3&A ports that oan bo obtained without delaying 
his departure. This Gorman Flag Officer is to be 
accompanied by a Communications Officer who is familiar 
with the German Naval tf/T organization and who is to 
bring with him the current naval communication Orders, 
including allocation of frequencies, list of w/T and 
IV T call aigns in force, and a list of all codes and 
cyphers in uae, and Intended to be brought into use* 

d. Location of all surface warships down 
to and including "Elbing" olass Torpedo Boats, and of 
all submarines and 'E* Boats. 

U-. The German High Command will also despatch 
within 48 hours after the surrender becomes effeotivo 
a responsible officer, not below the rank of Captain, 
by coastal craft to report to the Admiral Conmanding 
at DOVER for onward routing to CommaMer-in-Chief, 
THE HOKE, withi- 

a. Corrected copies of charts showing all 
minefields in the NORTH SEA 30UTH of 5k o 30' NOHTH and 
EAST of 1°30' EAST laid by Gorman and German-controlled 
vessels cr aircraft, positions of all wrecks, boons and 
all other underwater obstructions; details of all 
German Convoy routes and searched channels in this area, 
and of all buoys, lights snd other navigational aids 
which are under German control. Appropriate navigat- 
ional publications are also required* 



Page fourteen 



b. All available information concerning 
the numbers and types of German minesweepers and 
sperrbrechers in German controlled Dutoh ports and 
German I.'ORTH SEA ports that can be obtained without 
delaying hia departure. 

5. Another responsible German Naval Officer, 
with similar information is to be despatched by un- 
escorted aircraft painted white to MANSTON Aerodrome 
position 51°20' NORTH, 01°20' EAST for onward routing 
to Commander-in-Chief, THE NOKB. 

6. The German High Command will issue instruc- 
tions to certain German naval oommands as indicated. 
below;- 

a. The Naval Commander-in-Chief! NORTH 
S&A will despatch by coastal croft within 43 hours 
after the surrender becomes effective a responsible 
officer, not below the rank of Captain, to the 
Admiral Commanding at DOVER for onward routing to 
0cmmander-in-3hief, THE NOKB, withs- 

(1) details of minesweeping operationo 
carried out in the German oonvoy route 
between the HOOK Op HOLIAND and 
HAJ.SUliG and in approaches to harbours 
between these two ports during the 
previous 60 days; 

(2) numbera and positions of all 
British mines swept during these 
operations; 

(3) details of all controlled mine- 
fields in this area and information 
whether they have been rendered 
ineffective; 



Page fifteen 



(4) details of all Other mining and 
typos of ntines employed in the harbours 
and harbour approaches of JUXKAVai, 
EUDEH, TiffiSChTSLLDIG, TEXEL, IJHuTDBI, 

Amsterdam, schsvenincen, hook of 

KOLLBm and ROTTEHDAM; 

(5) berthing facilities in the harbours 
enumerated in paragraph 6a> l4j above 
and the nunbers of auxiliary minesweepers 
which can be aocain..iodated; 

(6) a list of all O/T and R/T call signs 

in use by the German Navy. 
A 
Any of the above information which cannot be obtained without 

delaying the departure of this officer will be forwarded 

subsequently as soon as it is available. 

b. The Naval Commander-in-Chief, NOHTH SEA, will 
also despatch as soon as possible by coastal craft to DOVER 
thirteen German Naval Officers who must be familiar with the 
German swept channels between the HOOK OP HHiUJU and 
JUXbAVEH. These officers will bring with them all the onarca 
and books required for navigation in this area and will be 
aooompanied by pilots (and interpreters if necessary). 

o. The Naval Coranarder-in-Chief, NORWAY, will 
despatch by sea within 4M hours after the surrender becomes 
effective, a responsible officer, not below the rank of 
Captain to the Commander-in-Chief, ROSfTH, with corrected copies 
of charts showing all German minefields in the NOHTH SEA, NOKTh 
of 56 NOHTH, all wrecks, booms and other underwater 
obstructions, details of German convoy routes and searched 
channels in this area, of the approach channels to the princlpoj. 
Norwegian ports and of all buoys, lights and other navigational 



Page sixteen 



aids in this area. This officer will also brine witfl. him tne 
disposition of all 'U" Boats and details of all orders affecting 
their future movements, he will be accompanied by six German 
Naval Offioers with pilots (and interpreters if necessary) who 
are familiar with the coastal swept channels between OSLO and 
TRCUsO. These officers will brine with them all the charts 
and books required for navigation in Norwegian waters, and a 
list of ell w/T and R/T call signs in use by the Gormen Navy. 

d. The Naval Command er-in-Chief, NORMA*, will 
despatch a duplicate party to the above with similar informa- 
tion by air in unescorted aircraft painted white to DEEM 
Airfield 56° 02' KOHTH 02° 43' WSST. 

e. The Naval Commander-in-Chief, NORWAY, will 
report by W/T to the Commando r-in-Chief, ROSYTK, within 4fl hours 
after the surrender becomes effective, the following Informatloni- 

(1) Berthing facilities at OSLO, 
CHRISTIANSAND, STAVANGKR, BSECBN, TRONDHBIM, 
NARVIK and TROUSO. 

(2) The approximate quantities of furnace 
oil fuel, dleael oil fuel and coal at all the 
principal Norwegian porta between 03L0 and 
THGUSO. 

7. The German Admiral 3XAGGKRAX will despatch by sea 
within 43 hours after the surrender becomes effective, a 
responsible offloer not below the rank of Captain, to the 
Commander- in-Chief, SOS-Til, with correoted copies of charts 
ahowing all German minefields, wrecks, booms and other underwater 
obstructions, details of Geimen convoy routes and searched 
channels, buoys, lights and Other navigational aids In the 



Page seventeen 



SKAGGSRAX, KATTEGAT, THE HiiJL'd AND SOUND, KIEL 
BAY and BAIIHC ViATSRS HtSC of 14° KiiST. 1Mb 
officer will also bring with hi>.. the disposition 
of all 'U* boats in the above area and details 
of all orders affecting their future move- 
ments. He will be accormanied by three German Naval 
officers with pilots land interpreters if necessary) 
who are familiar with the coastal swept channels, and 
channels in Swedish territorial waters, in the waters 
referred to above. These officers will bring with 
them all the charts and books required for navigation 
in these waterB, and a list of all Y(/T and R/T call 
signs in use by the German Navy* 

The German Admiral SKAGGttBAK will despatch 
a duplicate party to that specified above, viith similar 
information, by air in unescorted aircraft painted 
white to DRElf Airfield 56°02' HOKffi 02°46' WEST. 

8. The Gorman Naval Officers who will be des- 
patched to DOVER and KOSYTJi by sea will proceed to 
poaitions in latitude 51°19' NORTH longitude 1°43' EAST 

and latitude 56°W NORTH longitude 1°13' VffiST respectively, 
whore they will be met by British warships and eacorted 
to their destination. The ships or craft in which they 
travel are to fly a large white flag at the masthead by 
day and are to illuminate these white flags by night* 
These ships are to broadcast their positions hourly by 
ft/T on 500 ka. (600 Lletrea) whilst on passage. 
Information required within fourteen daya 

9. The German High Command will furnish the 
following information to the Allied Naval Commander* 
Expeditionary Force, at by 

within fourteen daya of cessation of hostilities* 



Page eighteen 



4- Locations of all warships, auxiliaries and armed 
ooootal craft operating under the others of the German Naval 
Command stating particulars of the operation! unit to which they 
are attached, Riving approxinete totals of all naval personnel 
embarked in each vessel, ^including naval flak and merchant ahip 
flak). 

b. A statement af the organizations of all naval 
shore Conraands, giving location of all naval eatabli aliments, 
including establishments for experiment and research, names of 
all Commanding Officers aid J^rincipal Staff Officers of the rank 
of Commander and above, and approximate totals of the personnel 
located in each establishment. 

o. A statement of the strength and location of all 
naval land forces including naval infantry, naval flak, merchant 
ahip flak and naval personnel manning naval ooaat artillery and 
full particulars of all Coastal and port defenses giving nature 
and locations* 

d. Lists of stocks of furnace oil fuel, dieael oil 
fuel, petrol and coal of 500 tons ani more at, or In the vicinity 
of, all porta between IJUDTIffiN and HAM3U1B inclusive. 

e. A statement of location of the principal naval 
armament depots with approximate overall stocks of each major 
Item held. 

f. The following communications infortiationi- 
(Ij locution and details concerning all 
V/S, ."V'T (including 1)/?) and radar 
stations in use by, and under construc- 
tion for the German Navy, these details 

to include types and capabilities of all 
equipment fitted* 



(2) details Of the current naval v.'/T 
organisation, Hats of n/T and H/T oall 
signs in force, and allocation of all 
frequencies for ooanamioation and radar 
purposes* 

(3) location and details of all naval 
oonraunications (including Infra-Red) 
and naval radar training and research 
establishments. 

g. Pull details of all Centan minefields in 
the HOaTK SKA, ShACGitflAK, KATTiBAT, BEUTS and SOUND. 

h. Pull details of the German naval mine sweeping 
organisation including the communications organization. 

J. Pull details of the communications (including 
Infra-Bed) and. radar equipment fitted in all German minesweepers 
and sperrbrechers, 

k. Technical details of all types of minesweeping 
gear in use by the German Navy. 

1. Details of all mining and types of nines employed 
and of berthing facilities available for ships of 150 feet in 
length and 16 feet draught at:- 

hkemehhavhj 

WIUEUtBHAVKN 

xiOKHiiamixooG 

DEIfZIJL 
10. The German high Command will also furnish the Allied 
Naval Conmander, Expeditionary Force, with two copies of all 
coding and cyphering systems which have been, are being, or were 
to be used by the German Navy with the necessary instructions for 
their use and. the dates between which they have been, or were to 
have been used. 



Page twenty 



PART II - Cq*TROi. AKD SlaAKMAkMiT 
Orders to warships, aux ili aries , merchant ships and other ornft 

11. The German High Caiimnd will forthwith direct all German 
and German-oont rolled warships, auxiliaries, merohant ships and 
other craft to comply with the following instructions :- 

a. All warships, auxiliaries, merchant ships and 
other oraft in harbour an to remain in harbour pending further 
directions from the Allied Representatives. 

b* All warships, auxiliaries, merchant ships and other 
oraft at sea are to report their positions in plain language immed- 
iately to the nearest British, US or Soviet Coast Wireless Telegraphy 
station on 500 ko/s (600 metres), and are to proceed to the nearest 
German or Allied port or such ports as the Allied Representatives may 
direct, and remain there pending further directions from the Allied 
Representatives* At night they are to shew lights and to display 
searchlights with beams held vertically. 

o. All warships and merohant ships whether in port or 
at sea will immediately train all weapons fore and aft. All torpedo 
tubes will be unloaded and breech blocks will be reawvod from *n 
guns. 

d* All warships and merchant ships in German or 
German-control lea narooure will immediately land and store in safety 
all ammunition, warheads and other explosives. They will land all 
portable weapons but, pending further instructions, warships will 
retain on board the fixed armament. Fire control and all other 
equipment will be maintained on board intact and fully efficient. 



Page twenty-one 



e. All mine sweeping vessels are to carry out the 
measure* of disarmament prescribed in c. and d. above, i except 
tikit they will, however, retain on board such portable weapons c 
explosives as are required for ndnesweeping purposes) and are 
to be prepared immediately for minesweeping service under the 
direction of the Allied Representative a. They will complete 
with fuel where necessary. 

f > All German salvage vessels are to carry out 
the measures of disarmament prescribed in c. and d. above 
(except that they will retain on board such explosives aa are 
required for salvage purposes.) These vessels, together with 
all salvage equipment and personnel, ore to be prepared for 
immediate salvage operations under the direction of the Allied 
Representatives, completing with fuel where necessary for this 
purpose. 

g. The movement of transport on the inland water- 
ways of G3REAKY. may continue, subject to orders from the 
Allied, Represents Uvea. No vessels moving on inland water- 
ways will proceed to neutral waters. 
Submarines 

12. The German High Conmem will transmit by W/T Oil 
appropriate frequencies the two messages in Annexures 'A* and 
'?■', whioh contain instructions to submarines at sea. 
Naval aircraft 

lj. The German high Command will forthwith direct thati- 

a. German naval aircraft are not to leave the 
ground or water or ship pending directions from the Allied 
Repre sentativeaj 



Page twenty-two 



b. naval aircraft in the air are to return 
iamed lately to their baseB. 
Ugutrol shipping 

It. The German High Coiaoand vd.ll forthwith direct 
that all neutrul merchant shipa in German and Gennan- 
aontrolled ports are to be detained pending further 
directions from the Allied Representatives. 
O rders relating to sabotage, scuttling, safety measures , 
pilota g e an d personnel 

15 • The German liigh Goimtand will forthwith issue 
oategorical directions that:- 

a. No ship, vessel or aircraft of any des- 
oription is to be souttled, or any damage done to their 
hull, machinery or equipment. 

b. ell harbour works and port facilities of 
whatever nature, including telecommunications and radar 
stations, are to be preserved and kept free from des- 
truotion or damage pending further directions from the 
Allied Representatives, and all necessary steps token 
and all necessary orders issued to prohibit any sot 

of scuttling, sabotage) or other wilful damage. 

o. all boom defenses at all ports and 
harbours are to be opened and kept open at all times; 
where possible, they are to be removed. 

d. all controlled minefields at all port* 
and harbours are to be disconnected and rendered 
ineffective. 

e. all demolition charges in all porta 
and harbour works are to bo removed or rendered 
ineffective and their presence indicated. 

f. the existing wartime system of navi- 
gational lighting is to be maintained! exoept that all 
dimmed lights are to be shown at full brilliancy, and 

-11- 



lights only shown by special arrangement are to bo 

exhibited continuously. 

In particular: - 

{1} HELIGOLAND Light is to be burnt 

at full brilliancy. 

(2) The buoyage of the coastal convey 

route from the HOOK OP HOLLUID to 

KAHBUHG is to be commenced, raid-channel 

light buoys being laid six miles apart. 

(jSJ Two ships are to be anohored as 

mark vessels in the following positions:- 

54<>2o • )j, 5°00' E. 
54°20' M, 6°30' B. 

These ahips are to fly a large black flag at the mast- 
head by day end by night are to flash a searchlight 
vertioally every 50 seconds. 

g. All pilotage services are to continue 
to operate and all pilots are to be Iield at their normal 
stations ready for service and equipped with charts* 

h. German Naval and other personnel concerned 
in the operation of ports and administrative services in 
ports are to remain at their stations and to continue to 
oarry out their normal duties. 
Personnel 

16. The German high Command will forthwith direct 
that except as may be required for the purpose of giving 
effaot to the above special orders :- 

a. all personnel in German warships, 
auxiliaries, merchant ships and other craft, are tu 
remain on board their ships pending further direction* 
from the Allied Representatives. 

-12- 



Page twenty-four 



b. all Naval personnel ashore are to remain 
in their establishments. 

17. The German High Coomand trill be responsible 
for the immediate and total dis-aimament of all naval 
personnel on shore. The orders issued to the Geroan 
High Command in respect of the disamament and war 
material of land foroes will apply also to naval 
personnel on shore. 



QcOZj o 



izjtxXZJ? 02.1-/ yz< '?t^ t<f /jtys 



Page twenty-five 



AHN3XPK3 'A' 
SURRENDER OP CERMAH 'II' BOAT gJjSET 

To all "U 1 Boats at sea : 

Garry out the following inatruotlona forthwith which 
have been given by the Allied Representatives 
(A) Surface immediately and remain surfaced. 

(b) Report immediately In ?/L your position in latitude 
and longitude and number of your 'U' Boat to nearest 
British, US, Canadian or Soviet coast w/T station on 
500 kc/s (600 metres) and to call sign GZZ 10 on one 

of the following high frequencies: 16845 - 12685 or 
5970 kc/s. 

(c) Fly a large black or blue flag by day. 

(d) Burn navigation lights by night. 

(k) Jettison all ammunition, remove breaohblooks from 

guns and render torpedoes safe by removing piatola. 

All mines are to be rendered safe. 

(?) liake all signals in P/L. 

(g) Follow strictly the instructions for proceeding 

to Allied ports from your present area given in 

immediately following message. 

(h) Observe strictly the orders of Allied Representatives 

to refrain from scuttling or in any way damaging your 

'U* Boat. 

2. Those instructions will be repeated at two-hour 

intervals until further notioe. 



Page twenty-si 



To all 'U' Boats at sea. Observe strictly the Instructions 
already given to remain fully surfaced. Heport your position 
course and speed every S hours. Obey any instruction that may be 
given you by any Allied authority. 

The following are the areas and routes for 'U' Boats 
surrendering: 
(1J Area *A'. 

a. Bound on West by meridian 026 dogs West and South by 
parallel 043 degs North in Barents Sea by meridian 020 degs 
Bast In Baltic Approaches by line Joining The Naze and hantsholm 
but excludes Irish Sea between 051 degs thirty mins and 055 degs 
00 mins North and English Channel between line of lands End Soilly 
Islands Ushant and line of Dover-Calais. 

b. Join one of following routes at nearest point and 
proceed along it to Looh Briboll (058 degs 33 minutes North 004 
degs 37 mina West) 

Blue route: All positions Korth and Vest unless otherwise indicated 

049 degs 00 rnins Ooy degs 00 mina 053 degs 00 mine 

012 degs 00 mins 058 dags 00 mills OH degs 00 rains 

0^9 degs 00 mine 005 degs 30 mins thence to Looh liriboll. 

Red route: 053 degs 45 mins North 003 degs 00 coins £ast 

059 degs 45 mins 001 degs 00 coins 059 degs 45 mins 

003 degs 00 wins thenoe to Looh Eriboll. 

o. Arrive at Looh Briboll between sunrise and 3 hours before sunset* 
(2) area 'B* 

a. The Irish Sea between parallel of 051 degs 30 mins and 055 degs 
00 mins North* 



Page twenty-ieven 



b. Prooeed Beaumaris Bay (053 degs ly «u\ns Horth 003 
degs 58 rains West) to arrive between suniise and 3 hours before 
•unset. 
(3J Area '0' 

a. The English Channel between line of lands End - 
Soilly Isles - Vahant and line of Dover - Calais. 

b. 'U' Boats in area 'C are to Join one of following 

routes at nearest point: Green route: position 'A' Old degs 10 Bins 
North 005 degs W> mins West position 'B* 050 a«gs 00 rains Horth 003 dega 
00 mine West thence escorted to Weymouth. Orange route: position 'X' 
050 degs 30 minB North 000 aegs 50 mins East position 1' 050 dega 10 
mine North 001 degs 50 mins West thence escorted to Weymouth. 

o. Arrive at either 'B* or T 1 between sunrise and 3 houra 
before s unset. 
(.k) Area 'D' 

a. Bound on '.Vest by lines joining The Naze and hantaholm and 
on East by lines joining Lubeok and Trelleborg. 

b. Proceed to Kiel. 
(5) Area 'B' 

a. Mediterranean Approaches bound on North by 043 degs 
North on South by 026 degs North and on West by 026 degs West. 

b. Proceed to s rendezvous in position 'A 1 036 degs 00 
mins North 011 degs 00 mine West and await escort reporting 
expected time of arrival in plain language to Admiral. Gibraltar 
on 500 to/a. 

c. Arrive in position 'A' between sunrise and noon 
G.Ji.T. 

-2- 



Pa°c twenty-eight 



(6) Area 'P* 

a. The north and South Atlantis West of 026 dags 

b. Froooed to nearest of one of followir.g points 
arriving between sunrise and 3 hours before sunset: W 043 
degs 50 ndns North 0?0 dogs 00 mins West approach from a 
point 15 miles duo East X 038 dogs 20 mins North 074 dogs 
25 mins /rest approaoh from a point 15 miles duo East ¥ 047 
dogs 18 mins Worth 052 degs 30 mins West approaoh from 
point 047 degs 18 mins Worth 051 degs 30 mins Weat on a 
course 270 dogs Z 043 nogs 31 mins North 065 degs 05 mins 
West approaoh from point 042 dogs 59 mina North 0&4 degs 28 
mins West on a oourse 320 dogs* 



Page twenty-nin 



GIVEN BY CiETAIH GHttlftN EMISSARIES 
TO THE ALLIED HIGH COMMANDS 



It is agreed by the German emissaries 
undersigned that the following German officers will 
arrive at a place and time designated by the Supreme 
Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force, and the Soviet 
High Command prepared, with plenary powers, to execute 
a formal ratification on behalf of the German High 
Command of this act of Unconditional Surrender of the 
German armed forces. 

Chief of the High Command 

Commander-in-Chief of the Army 

Cownander-ln-Chief of the Navy 

Commander-in-Chief of the Air Forces. 



Representing the German High Command. 



dated a>¥/ 7* ^y/f^j" 



Abschrlft. 



Der Oberste Befehlshaber 

,„ . . . Hauptquartier, den 7.5.*5. 

der Wehrmacht * * 



/Bitte in der Antwort vorstehendee 
Geschaftszeichen, das Datujn und 
kurzen Inhalt anzugeben./ 



ICH BEVOLLUACHTIGE 

GENERALFELDKARSCHALL K E I T E L 
A1S CHEF DES OBERKOMMANDOS DER 
WEHRMACHT UND ZUGLEICH ALS OBER- 
BEFEBXSHABER DES HEERES, 

GENERALADMIRAL VON FRIEDEBURG 

ALS OBER BEFEHLSHABER DER KRIEGSMAHINE, 

GENERALOBERST Sl^Ullll 

ALS VERTRETER DES OBERBEFEHLSHABERS 
DER LUIOTAFFE 

ZUR RATIFIZIERUNG DER BEDINGUNGSllsEN 
KAPITULATION DER DEUTSCHEN STREITKRAFTS GEGEK- 
OBER DEM OBERBEFEHLSHABER DER ALLIIERTEN 
EXPEDITIONSSTREIXKRAFTE UND DEU SOWXET-OBER- 

KOMMANDO. 

DONIIZ 

grobadmis.il. 

Siegel. 



ACT OP MHJTAIQf SURKEMDSR 

1 . We the undersigned, acting by authority 
of the German High Ccnmand, hereby surrender 
unconditionally to the Supreme Commander, Allied 
Expeditionary Force aM simultaneously to the 
Supreme High Command of the Red Army all forces 
on land, at sea, and in the air who are at thia 
date under German control. 

2. The German High Caunand will at once 
issue orders to all German military, naval and 
air authorities and to all forces under German 
control to cease active operations at 2J01 hours 
Central European time on 8th May 19V5, to remain 
in the positions occupied at that time and to 
disarm completely, handing over their weapons and 
equipment to the local allied commanders or officers 
designated by Representatives of the Allied Supreme 
Commands. Ho ship, vessel, or airoraft is to be 
scuttled, or any damage done to their hull, 
machinery or equipment^ and also to machines of all 
'Kinds, armament, apparatus, and all tha technical 
means of prosecution of *ar in general. 



Page thirty- two 



3. The German High Command will at once 
issue to the appropriate commanders, and ensure 
the carrying out of any further orders issued by 
the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force 
and by the Supreme High Command of the Hed Army. 

4. This aot of military surrender is without 
prejudice to, and will be superseded by any generai 
Instrument of surrender imposed by, or on behalf of 
the United Nations and applicable to GSBWAHT and 
the German armed forces as a whole. 

5- In the event of the German High Command 
or any of the forces under their control failing 
to act in accordance with this Act of Surrender, 
the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force 
and the Supreme High Command of the Red Army will 
talce such punitive or other action as they deem 
appropriate. 



Page thirty-three 



6. This Act is drawn up in the English, 
Russian and German lenguages. The English and 
Russien are the only authentic texts. 



Signed at p i) firf/ US** tha JP . day of May, 1945 






On behalf of tha German High Command 




IN THE PRESENCE OF t 




On behalf of the 

Supreme Commander 

Allied Expeditionary Force 



At the signing also were present es wltneeeeai 



Ob behair or the t r 

Supreme High Goqfaand of the 




General Conmanding in Chief 
First French Amy 




Page thirty-jour 



AKT BOEHHOrt KAnWlY-lHMW. 



1. Uk,HWBunoAnHcaBmHecfl, AettoTBya ot waishm TopMaHOKoro 
Bapxoaaoro KOMaHAOBaanfl,corjiama U MCfl aa 0e3oroBopouHy» Kana- 
lyjihuuio ucex aauiix Boopyseaahx c.iji aa cyuia,aa. Mope w a 
B03^yxe,a Totae Bcex cwji, aaxoflfl muxes a aacTOflmae BpaMH 

nofl H8M6i;KiiM Kov.aHAOBatiiieM, - BopxoBHOMj 1'jiaaHOKOuaHAO- 
aaHH» KpaoHoK ApMHH u oAHOBpOMemio 3t.pxoBHDMy KotiatwoBa- 

HilK) G0KI3UUX 3KCr!6AiIUWOHiiiX CiTJI. 

2. repwttHCKoe SapxoBHoa KOMaHAOtflHaa HftMeAJieHHO 
H3j,ubT npHKaau aceu H8M6i;kmm KOMaHAjDiUHM oyxonyTHHMH, 

MOpCKIlMH H B03/^IiIHLMH GHJiaMH M BC8M C;1 JKM, HaXOflHjflMGR 

noA repHaHCMU K0MaB40 3aan9M, npaptpaTWib BoeHH^a .neiiOT- 
bhh b 23-01 *iac no IleaTpajibHO-EBponaKCKOMy BpeMeaw 8 Mas 
1945 rojja, ocTaTbca Ha gbohx MecTax f rfla ohm aaxoflHTCH 

B 3TG BpflMfljH HOJIBOOTbK) pa 30pj5-ilT bCfljIiepeAaB BCo HX 
OpyXHO 11 BOaHUOO HMy^eOTBO M6CTHUM COK3HUU KOMaHJ[jK.ijHM 

hjih o4jtmepati,BijJ,6^ijHHhM npa^oTaBUTejiHMH Cofoaubx JepxOB- 
h&x KowajiAOBaai-ii, as pasftyiuaTb h aa npumiHJiTb uusaK^x 
nobpeaftjHHti napoxoflai*,oyAaM w caMo.H6'raM,>ix Aanrarejiim, 
KOpnycau a odopyflOBaHMio.a Taiesa uaiunaaM,yoopy:i;eHaio, 
annapataii h bcou boo^q Boeaao-Texaira«CKnu opaflOTBau 

B8A8HMH BOttHK. 



3. TepMaHCKOQ JepxoBHoe KouaanoBaHHe HeuujxJiariHO bb- 

flejIHT C0OTB6T CTBiiKUtflX KOMaaH^pOB W OCecDtoUMT BBnOJIHtiHHe 

Bcax flanbHeaunx npnKa30B,H3,qaHHBX ^epxoaHbM I'jiaaHOKOuaH- 

flOBaHMSM KpaCHOtl ApMWH H 'iepXOBHUH KOHaaUOBaHWeM C0B3HBX 

3Kcnejj,nmioHHLX cmji. 

4. 3tot am: He Gyj;aT jmaflTboa npanaTCTBiieu k 3a Me He 
ero ApyrwH reHtpajibHUM AOKyMtJHTOM o KannTyjiHL(H , 'i,3aKAiotiaH- 

H.Uf.1 00 , aA.lii«HHL,fM HaiplflMH WjIH OT JdX WMaHH,npHMeHHMBM K 

TtipMaHHH h repMaacKHM BC-opyKeaHLiM omiaM b u,ejioM. 

5. B cjiy^ae, acroi H8M«ukoo Bepxoaioe KouaflAOBafliff 

HJIH KJiKH8-JW0O BOOpysaHHblS CM Ufa. jHaXOAflUyie OH HOA a rO 
K0MaHA0BaHH8M , HQ djfl JT flOHCTBOBaTb B C00TB6 TCTBMH C 

8THM aKTOM o BanHT^JiflUHH , BapxoBHoa KoMaH^OBaHna Kpacaofl 
ApMHH,a TaKKa Bepxomoa KoMaHAOBatiKe Cod3Hhx 0Kcne,4nn#oH- 
hkx chji, npaflnpHMjT TaKHe KapaTejibHue MepB, hjik flpynie 

fleftCTBWH , KOTOpue OHH COMT^T HeoGXOAHMBMH. 

6. Otot aKT cocTaBJiuH aa aarjiwucROM, pjcckom a. 

UeMaUROM H3LKaX. TOJIbKO aHTJIH^CKUki H pJCCKHH T6KCTLJ 
HBJIHKTCH ajT6HTWqH UUH. 



IKvuHicaHO 8 Man 1945 ro^a b rop. BKPJIKHK. 



Ot nueHH repuaHCKoro BepxoBHoro KouauaoBaunn : 




J~, B npHGJTOTBHH: ^J 

DJiHOHotjKio BepxoBHoro no ynoJiHOMomiio BapxoBHor 

uyio.jero SKorieAiiUKOHHUMH DiaBHOKOMattAOBaHHfl KpacH 

II C0B3HHK0B ApUHH 

DTO MAPUAJIA AB^AUIM MAPLilAJIA OOBfiTCKOl'B fiOD^A 



UpH no;;n.:caHWH Taitse np nay tots oBaji<i a RaqaoiBO 

QBH^a T6AU A : 

Kouaemyronpifl CTpaToriwecKHua rjiaBHOKOMaHflyromtifl ipeumyscKofl 

BoaflyniHHMH onjiaMH CIuA _v. ApMHeft 

rKHEPAJl A f)(llL*3r rfiHiPAJl akjiatp 

CnMTGj^4^T y Ae TAGCHHU4 




Page thirty-seven 



KAPITULATIC SEEKLAERUNG. 

1. Wir, die hier Unterzeichneten, handelnd in Vollmacht 
fuer und im Namen des Oberkoaimandos der Deutschen Wehrmacht, 
erklaeren hiermit die bedingungslose Capitulation aller am 
gegenwaertigen Zeitpunkt unter deutschem Befehl stehenden 
Oder von Deutschland beherrschten Streitkraefte auf dem Lande, 
auf der See und in der Luft gleichzeitig gegenueber dem 
Obersten Befehlshaber der Alliierten Expeditions Streitkraefte 
und dem Oberko/naiando der Eoten Armee. 

2. Dae Oberkommando der Deutschen Wehrmacht wird 
unverzueglich alien Behoerden der deutschen Land-, See- und 
Luftstreitkraefte und alien von Deutschland beherrschten 
Streitkraeften den Befehl geben, die Eampfhandlungen urn 23ol 
0hr Mitteleuropaeischer Zeit am 8 Mai einsustellen und in den 
Stellungen zu verbleiben, die sie an diesem Zeitpunkt inne- 
haben und sich vollstaendig zu entwaffnen, indem sle Waffea 
und Geraete an die oertlichen Alliierten Befehlshaber 
beziehurgsweise an die von den Alliierten Vertretern zu 
bestimmenden Offiziere abliefern, Kein Schiff , Boot Oder 
Plugzeug irgendeiner Art darf versenkt werden, noch duerfen 
Schiffsruempfe, maschinelle Einrichtungen, Ausruestungsge^en- 
staende t Maschinen irgendwelcher Art, Waffen, Apparaturen, 
technische Gegenstaende, die Kriegszwecken im Allgemeinen 
dienlich sein koennen, beschaedigt werden. 

J. Das Oberkommando der Deutschen Wehrmacht wird 
unverzueglich den zustaendigen Befehlshabern alle von dem 
Obersten Befehlshaber der Alliierten Expeditions Streitkraefte 
und dea Oberkommando der Eoten Armee erla.ssenen zusaetzlichen 
Befehle weitergeben und deren Durchfuehrung sicherstellen. 

4« Diese Kapitulationserklaerung 1st ohne Praejudiz fuer 
irgendwelche an ihre Stelle tretenden allgemeinen Kapitulations- 
bestimmungen, die durch die Vereinten Nationen und in deren 
Namen Deutschland und der Deutschen YJehrmacht auferlegt werden 
moegen. 

5. Palls das Oberkommando der Deutschen Wehrmacht cder 
irgendwelche ihm unterstehende oder von ihra beherrschte 
Streitkraefte es versaeumen sollten, sich gemaess den 
BestimiJiuneen dieeer Kapitulations-Erklaerung zu vernal ten, 



werden der Oberste Befehlshaber der Alliierten Expeditions 
Streitkraefte und das Oberkommando der Roten Anoee alle 
diejenigen Straf— und anderen Massnahmen ergreifen, die sie 
als zweckmaessig erachten. 

6. Diese Erklaerung ist in englischer, rassischer und 
deutscher Sprache abgefasst. Allein massgebend sind die 
englische und die russische Passung. 



Unterzeicimet zu 



1tH*i^ 



e /-£■«-.■ , 






Fuer das Oberkommando der Deutschen Wenrmacht. 



In jje^enwart ' 



0»> 



Fuer den Obersten Befebiehaber 
der Alliierten Expeditions- 
fitreitkraefte. 



Fuer das Oberkommando 
der Eoten Anne* 

Bei der Unterzeichnung waxen als Zeugen 
auch zugegeni 



lender general 
der Strategiscnen 
Luftetfc&itkraefte der 
Vereini^ten Staaten 



Page forty 



BI THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA 
A PROCLAMATION 

The Allied armies, through sacrifice and devotion and with 
God's help, have wrung from Germany a final and unconditional surrender. 
The western world has been freed of the evil forces wnich for five 
years and longer have imprisoned the bodies and broken the lives of 
millions upon millions of free-born men. They have violated their 
churches, destroyed their homes, corrupted their cnildren, and mur- 
dered their loved ones. Our Armies of Liberation have restored freedom 
to these suffering peoples, whose spirit and will the oppressors could 
never enslave. 

Much remains to be done. The victory won in the West must 
now be won in the East. The whole world must be cleansed of the evil 
from which half the world has been freed. United, the peace-loving 
nations have demonstrated in the West that their arms are stronger by 
far than the might of dictators or the tyranny of military cliques that 
once called us soft and weak. The power of our peoples to defend them- 
selves against all enemies will be proved in the Pacific war as it has 
been proved in Europe, 

For the triumph of spirit and of arms which we nave won, and 
for its promise to peoples everywhere who join us in the love of freedom, 
it is fitting that we, as a nation, give thanks to Almighty God, who has 
strengthened us and given us the victory. 

NOW, THEREFORE, I, HARRY S. TRUMAN, President of the United 
States of America, do hereby appoint Sunday, May 13, 1945, to be a day 
of prayer. 

I call upon the people of the United States, whatever their 
faith, to unite in offering joyful thanks to God for the victory we 




have won and to pray that He will support us to the end of our present 
struggle and guide us Into the way of peace. 

I also call upon my countrymen to dedicate this day of prayer 
memory of those who have given their lives to make possible our 

_JJJ WITNESS WHEREOF, 1 have hereunto set my hand and caused 
of toe United States of America to be affixed. 

at the City of Washington this eighth day of Uay in 

the year of oux Lord 
nineteen hundred 
and forty-five 
and of the 
Independence 
of the United 
States of America 
the one hundred 
and sixty-ninth. 




By the President 



^ry^tr^ 



Acting Secretary of State 



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