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Monthly Agricultural Report of Uttar Pradesh for the
month of November, 1954

During the month under report, there was no rain
in any district of the State except for sporadic showers
in a few districts during the first week. The weather
remained cool, clear and dry with ample sunshine.
The total rainfall for the month was in defect of the
normal in almost all the districts of the State Winter
rains were needed in the majority of the districts for
the germination and growth of mbi crops.

77—AgricuJtuml Operations

Sowing of rabi crops was practically over thioughout
the State. Harvesting and crushing" of the sugarcane
crop, mostly ratoon, for the manufacture of sugar in
the factory areas and gur and mb-makiig in the
non factory areas "H ere in progress in many dis-
tricts. Preparation of land for the next sugarcane
and zaid crops was going on in some districts
Harvesting and threshing of late kharif crops were
in progress in almost all the districts. Picking of
cotton "was being done in the cotton growing dis-
tricts. The standing sugarcane and tabi crops were
irrigated in a number of districts.

///—Standing crops

IV—Prospects of Harvest

Except in the draught affected areas, the germina-
tion of the newly planted rabi crops, and the condi-
tion and prospects of outturn of sugarcane and the
late kharif crops were quite satisfactory. Late paddy,
however, sustained extensive damage owing to scanty
rains in certain parts of the Banaras, Jaunpur, Deoria,
Azamgarh, Gorakhpur, Mirzapur and Ghazipur Dis-

In the annexed statement are shown the district-
wise estimates of anna condition for the various kharif
crops for the current year, as reported by the District

V—Damage to crops

Besides the damage caused by draught to the
newly planted rabi crops and the standing sugarcane
and the late kharif crops, particularly late paddy, des-
cribed in the preceding section, reports of damage
to the standing crops by pests and diseases where
received from the Entomologist to Government, Uttar
Pradesh. According to these reports, fresh locust swarms
visited several districts of the State but caused no
material damage to the standing crops except in the
Kanpur and Jalaun Districts where the total area
affected in consequence was about 700 acres. Stray
attacks by insect pests and field rats on the stand-
ing crops were reported from several districts. Con-
trol measures against these pests and field rats were
undertaken by the Plant Protection Service, Uttar

The condition of the livestock w.n on the whole
satisfactory, although cattle di-sea-e.-i h-ive, a"- u»u<iJ,
been reported from ;i number of rlhtrk-t--. Tiie figures
for the number of heizure.s. deaths and mortality from
infectious cattle disease^ during thi> and ihe prec-e.-l-
ino months are presented in the table jjveu helmr, winch
has been prepared from the data furnisher! by the Direc-
tor of Animal Husbandry and Fi.vheri«x, Tttar Pradesh.
It would be .seen from this table that ;is e-oinp<m*i] with
the previous month, there wen- dec-mi>es of 77'4
and -S4'4 per cent respectively in the number of
seizures and rleaths. resulting in it decline in mortality
from 28 to 19. As regards Anthrax, there were II
cases of both .seizures and deaths a<? compared to :f*of
each in the preceding month, in conseijiit-nee of which
the mortality remained stationary at luO. In the
case of Haemorrhagic Septicaemia, the number of
seizures and deaths recorded decreases of 89-ti and
88-4 per cent, respectively and mortality registered
a rise from hfi to 95. There were also decreases of
54'4 and 46'9 per cent respectively in the number of
seizures and deaths from Black Quarter, but mortality
rose from 86 to 10U. As for Rinderpest, both the
number of seizures and deaths decreased by 85-5
and 89'2 per cent, respectively, mortality declining
from Uri to 49. As for Foot and Mouth disease, the
number of seizures registered a fall of 73"9 per cent,
but there were no cases of death as against 42 in the
previous month, as a result of which mortality fell
from 2 to zero. Aa regards other diseases, there
was a decrease of 51-4 per cent, in the number of
seizures but an increase of 4/5*5 per cent, in the number
of deaths, which led to frharp rise in mortality from
30 to 89.

TABLE: Number of seizures, deaths and mortality from
infectious cattle diseases during the months
of October and November, 1954.

Seizures         Deaths         Mortality

Oct.     Nov.      Oct.     Nov.    OL-%,     Nov.

.Anthrax                            ..          2        11          2        11       100      100

Haemorrhage Septicaemia       422        44      302        42        fit!        93

Black Q                               ..        f.7        2U        49        26        SB       100

Rinderpest                          ..      717      104      472        31        tiu        49

Foot and-Mouth                 ..    2.143    oufl        42                       2

Other Diseases                    ..         31?       Ifi           11         ItS        30         8U



3,378    7«2      03S      14ti        23

Number of d>iuhei

Number of seizures

VII—Pasturayp  and fodder

Pasturage and fodder were reported to be generally
adequate in almost all the districts of the State, except
a few from where- scarcity of pasturage was reported.

VIII—Health and labour in rural areas

The health of labouring population engaged in agricul-
ture in rural areas was reported to be generally satisfactory