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Full text of "Great victory of the Cambodian people : warmly congratulating the patriotic Cambodian armed forces and people on the liberation of Phnom Penh and all Cambodia"

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GREAT VICTORY 
IP OF THE 
CAMBODIAN PEOPLE 



A™.d Fcce, and Peopl. o« ,ho Ub,ro«or, 
of Phnom P,nh ond All Cambodio 



FOREIGN LANGUAGES PRESS PEKING 



PDF processed with CutePDF evaluation edition www.CutePDF.com 



GREAT VICTORY OF 
THE CAMBODIAN PEOPLE 

Warmly Congratulating the Patriotic Cambodian 

Armed Forces and People on the Liberation 

of Phnom Penh and All Cambodia 



FOREIGN LANGUAGES PRESS 
PEKING 1975 



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The people of Petcing gather at a grand rally In celebration of the 
Cambodian people's great victory In liberating Phnort-Penh. Picture 
shows the rostrum ot tne rally. 



A view of the Peking rally. 



Printed in the People's Republic of China 






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On April 18, 1975, Chinese leaders Teng Hsiao-ping, Chen Hsi-lien and 
Li Su-wen calied at the Mansion of the Head of Stats of Cambodia and 
handed Samdech Norodom Sihanoul< and Prime Minister Penn Nouth a 
message of greetings doted April 17, 1975. The message, which was 
signed by Chairman Mao Tsetung, Chairman Chu Teh ond Premier Chou 
En-iai, expressed the warmest congratulations to Samdech Norodom 
Sihanoult, Prime Minister Penn Nojth and Deputy Prime Minister Khieu 
Samphan on the compiete liberation of Phnom Penh. Teng Hsiao-ping, 
Chen Hsi-iien and Li Su-wen aiso conveyed the most cordial congrotula- 
lions to the heroic Cambodian people on behalf of the Communist Party 
of China and the Chinese Government and people. 



CONTENTS 



MESSAGE FROM CHAIRMAN MAO TSETUNG. CHAIRMAN 
rfrnTEH Am) PREMIER CHOU EN-LAI TO SAMDECH 
SoSoDOM SIHAN^^^^ PRIME MINISTER P^NN NOUTH 
AND DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER KHIEU SAMPHAN ^ 

(April 17, 1975) 

SPEECH BY VICE-CHAIBMAN YEH CHIEN-YING AT 
™^^f4 RATLY IN PEKING CELEBRATING THE 
CAMBOD^ PEOPLE's'llBERATlON OF PHNOM 

PENH 4 

{April 19> 1975) 

ciPTTTrrH BY PRIME MINISTER PENN NOUTH AT THE 
T^Ai?HALLYm PEKING CELEBRATING THE CAM- 

(April 19, 1975) 

Armed Forces and People on the Liberation of Phnom 
Penh ^ ___ 

Remnin Ribao editorial, April 18, 1975 



RTITTLTANT EXAMPLE, PATHWAY TO VICTORY 
^ - wS Gre^i^O the Liberation of Phnom Penh 

Commentary by Hsinhua Correspondent 
SALUTE TO OUR HEROIC CAMBODIAN COMRADES-IN- 

The^^China-Cambodia Friendship Peopled Commune, 
Peking 
IN PRAISE OF THE VICTORY OF PEOPLE'S WAR 
Ching Wen 



18 
24 

28 
31 






MESSAGE FROM CHAIRMAN MAO TSETUNG, 

CHAIRMAN CHU TEH AND PREMIER CHOU EN^LAI 

TO SAMDECH NORODOM SIHANOUK. PRIME 

MINISTER PENN NOUTH AND DEPUTY PRIME 

MINISTER KHIEU SAMPHAN 

Satndech Norodom Sihanouk, 

Head of State and Chairman of the National United 
Front of Cambodia, 

Samdech Penn Nouth, 

Chairman of the Political Bureau of> the Central 
Committee of the National United Front'^nd Prime 
Minister of the Royal Government of National Union 
of Cambodia, 

His Excellency Mr. Khieu Samphan, 

Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of National De- 
fence of the Royal Government of National Union 
and Commander-in-Chief of the People's Armed 
Forces of National Liberation of Cambodia, 

Phnom Penh is now completely liberated by the 
People's Armed Forces of National Liberation of Cam- 
bodia in their mighty offensive. People are overjoyed 
and inspired by the tidings of victory. On behalf of the 
Communist Party of China, the Chinese Government and 
people, we extend our warmest congratulations and 
highest esteem to you, to the National United Front of 




Cambodia, the Royal Governmont of National Union of 
Cambodia, the heroic People's Armed Forces of National 
Liberation of Cambodia and the entire Cambodian people. 

Five years ago, U.S. imperialism engineered the 
reactionary coup d'etat by the traitorous Lon Nol clique 
and even brazenly sent troops into Cambodia in a vain 
attempt to turn an independent, peaceful and neutral 
Cambodia into its colony. Defying brute force, the Cam- 
bodian people, who have a glorious revolutionary tradi- 
tion of combating imperialism, rose up in arms and, 
rallying around the National United Front of Cambodia 
with Samdech Norodom Sihanouk as its Chairman, fought 
bravely and stubbornly for five whole years and finally 
won the decisive victory in their war of national liberation 
after overcoming numerous difficulties. This great 
victory scored by the Cambodian people through armed 
struggle is another eloquent proof that, firmly following 
a correct road, a weak nation can certainly defeat a strong 
one, and a small nation can certainly defeat a big one. 

The unyielding revolutionary spirit and dauntless 
heroism displayed by the Cambodian people in the long 
years of armed struggle have set a brilliant example for 
the revolutionary people of the world and won admiration 
and praise from the people of all countries. The great 
victory of the Cambodian people not only constitutes an 
important contribution to the anti-imperialist struggle 
of the Indochinese peoples but is also a powerful en- 
couragement and stimulus to the revolutionary struggle 
of all the oppressed nations and oppressed peoples of the 
world. 

The Chinese and Cambodian peoples are very close 
brothers. Sympathizing with, encouraging and sup- 



porting each other throughout the long anti-imperialist 
struggle, our two peoples have forged a profound militant 
friendship. The Chinese people heartily I'ejoicc over the 
victory of the Cambodian people as they would their own. 
The fraternal Cambodian people may rest assured that 
the Chinese people will forever stand by you and march 
forward with you in the struggles ahead. 

The liberation of Phnom Penh marks the beginning 
of a new historical stage in Cambodia's struggle for 
national liberation. We are certain that under the banner 
of the National United Front of Cambodia with Samdech 
Norodom Sihanouk as its Chairman, the Cambodian 
people, strengthening the great unity of the entire nation 
and people and carrying on their valiant struggle, will 
keep on winning new and greater victories. Cambodia 
will emerge with a new visage in the East. 

Mao Tsetung 

Chairman of the Central Committee 
of the Communist Party of China 

Chu Teh 

Chairman of the Standing Committee 

of the National People's Congress of 

the People's Republic of China 

Chou En-lai 

Premier of the State Council of the 
People's Republic of China 

Peking, April 17, 1975 



iiiiJ 




SPEECH BY VICE-CHAIRMAN YEH CHIEN-YING 

AT THE MASS RALLY IN PEKING CELEBRATING 

THE CAMBODIAN PEOPLE'S LIBERATION 

OF PHNOM PENH 

(April 19, 1975) 

Respected Prime Minister Samdech Penn Nouth and Mmo 
Penn Nouth, 

Respected Vice-President Kim Dong Gyu of the Demo- 
cratic People's Republic of Korea, 

Respected Vice-Premier Pak Sung Chul of the Adminis- 
tration Council of the Democratic People's Republic 
of Korea, 

Comrades and Friends, 

The heroic People's Armed Forces of National 
Liberation of Cambodia have victoriously liberated 
Phnom Penh, Today, people from all walks of life of 
our capital are gathered in this grand rally with bound- 
less elation and joy to warmly hail this great histo.ic 
victory of the Cambodian people. At this moment of 
jubilation over the victory, allow me, on behalf of the 
Chinese people's great loader Chairman Mao Tsetung 
the Communist Party of China and the Chinese Govern- 
ment and people, to extend our warmest fraternal con- 
gratulations to Samdech Norodom Sihanouk, Prime 



Minister Penn Nouth and Deputy Prime Minister Khieu 
Samphan, to the National United Front and the Royal 
Government of National Union of Cambodia, to the 
brave and capable People's Armed Forces of National 
Liberation of Cambodia and to the heroic Cambodian 
people. 

The Cambodian people have a glorious tradition of 
combating imperialism and colonialism. They have 
waged a protracted and unyielding struggle to defend 
their motherland's independence and national dignity 
Engineering the reactionary coup d'etat by the traitorous 
Lon Nol clique and brazenly sending troops to invade 
Cambodia in 1970, U.S. imperialism violated .single- 
handedly the independence, peace and neutrality of 
Lambodm m a vain attempt to turn Cambodia into its 
colony. The U.S. imperialist aggression and iflf^vention 
roused the Cambodian people to blazing anger and in- 
dignation. Defying brute force, the Cambodian people 
rose up in arms and, rallying around the banner of the 
National United Front of Cambodia with Samdech 
Norodom Sihanouk as its Chairman, vigorously waged a 
just war to resist U.S. aggression and punish the trai- 
torous Lon Nol clique. The People's Armed Forces of 
National Liberation of Cambodia - the Cambodian 
peoples own army - have expanded and grown in 
strength amidst the flames of war. In the past five years 
the patriotic armymen and civilians of Cambodia suc- 
cessively frustrated the invasions of U S aggressor 
troops and Saigon puppet troops, bravely combated 
wanton bombings by the U,S, air force and dealt 
devastating blows at the Lon Nol puppet troops, com- 
pelling them to retreat in panic and despair. From the 



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Uiiil 



beginning of this year, the people's armed forces, with 
dauntless revolutionary mettle and the force of a 
thunderbolt, launched a fierce general offensive on 
Phnom Penh and the few other isolated cities. Pressing 
on irresistibly, they destroyed large numbers of enemy 
effectives and finally liberated Phnom Penh on April 
17, and won the decisive victory of the national-libera- 
tion war. The traitorous Lon Nol clique rigged up by 
U.S. imperialism totally collapsed and was swept onto 
the garbage heap of history by the Cambodian people. 
The Cambodian people's struggle for national liberation 
has now entered a new historical stage. 

The great victory of the war of people's national 
liberation of the Cambodian people is an event of major 
international significance. The staunch revolutionary 
spirit and dauntless heroism displayed by the Cambodian 
armymen and civilians in their long war of resistance 
have won the admiration and praise of the people 
throughout the world. The practice of the Cambodian 
people's struggle forcefully bears out Chairman Mao 
Tsetung's wise dictum in his May 20, 1970 statement that 
"a weak nation can defeat a strong, a small nation can 
defeat a big. The people of a small country can certainly 
defeat aggression by a big country, if only they dare to 
rise in struggle, dare to take up arms and grasp in their 
own hands the destiny of their country. This is a law 
of history." The victory of the people's war in Cam- 
bodia has set a brilliant example for the people of all 
countries in their struggle to resist foreign aggression 
and defend national independence. It is providing not 
only an impetus to the further development of the ex- 
cellent situation in Indochina as a whole, but also a 




powerful encouragement to the revolutionary struggles 
of all oppressed nations and oppressed peoples. 

That the Cambodian people have, within five years, 
achieved the liberation of their motherland and scored 
such a great victory is because the patriotic armymen 
and civilians of Cambodia have followed a correct line. 
Adhering to the principles of independence, initiative 
and self-reliance and persisting in the road of armed 
struggle, they have mobilized the masses, relied on the 
masses, established and upheld the National United 
Front, united all forces that can be united, and achieved 
a great unity of the whole nation and people. It is in- 
separable, too, from the widespread sympathy and 
support of the people of all countries, and especially of 
the third world countries which are growing in strength. 
The Cambodian people's victory is also a common vic- 
tory of the people of all countries. 

Imperialism and its lackeys always overestimate 
their own strength and underestimate the strength of 
the people. U.S. imperialism thought that it could put 
down the people's struggle for liberation and wilfully 
decide the fate of other countries by relying on its 
dollars and guns and hiring and maintaining a handful 
of lackeys. It swaggered and blustered like anything 
five years ago when it engineered the reactionary coup 
d'etat in Cambodia. But, under the heavy blows of the 
Cambodian people, it was not long before its lackeys 
toppled one after another, and U.S. imperialism itself was 
driven out of Cambodia. Facts again prove that it is 
not imperialism and its lackeys but the people who are 
really powerful. Cambodia belongs to the Cambodian 
people and not to imperialism and its lackeys. 




The victory of Cambodia's national-liberation war 
has also put a superpower in a most awkward position. 
Five years ago, at the critical juncture when Cambodia's 
national existence was in peril, this superpower sided 
and fraternized with the traitorous Lon Nol clique, 
calling Cambodia's traitor No. 1, Lon Nol, by the 
flattering term of "president" and maintaining diplomat- 
ic relations all along with the bogus regime in Phnom 
Penh, On the other hand, it referred to the Royal 
Government of National Union — the sole legal govern- 
ment of Cambodia — as a government *'in exile" and 
refused to recognize Samdech Norodom Sihanouk as 
Head of State. But now, five years later, when nation- 
wide victory appeared imminent for the Cambodian 
people's just war of national salvation, this superpower 
made an about-face and struck up a different tune, try- 
ing to describe itself as a friend "who was, is and will 
always be with the Khmer people in their just struggle." 
Its clumsy performance on the Cambodian question can 
deceive nobody but will only enable people to see more 
clearly that it is social-imperialism. 

Comrades and friends, 

At present, the international situation is excellent. 
In their contention for world hegemony, the two super- 
powers have perpetrated aggression, interference or 
subversion everywhere and committed all sorts of evil 
and foul deeds, thus arousing the people of the world 
to ever stronger resistance and becoming tightly be- 
sieged by them. The struggle against colonialism, 
imperialism and hegemonism is mounting throughout 
the world. Beset with troubles at home and abroad, the 
two hegemonic powers have long been in the plight as 



mmm 



described by the verse, "Flowers fall off, do what one 
may.'* 

We hail the great victories of the south Vietnamese 
armymen and civilians in their fight to severely punish 
the Nguyen Van Thieu clique for its crimes of violating 
the Paris agreement. We firmly support the Vietnamese 
people in their just struggle. 

We firmly support the Lao people in their just 
struggle for the thorough implementation of the 
Vientiane agreement. 

We firmly support the Korean people in their just 
struggle for the independent and peaceful reunification 
of their fatherland free from foreign interference. 

We firmly support the Arab people in their just 
struggle against superpower interference and Israeli 
aggression and expansion and for the recovery of the 
lost territories and the restoration of the Palestinian 
people's national rights. 

We firmly support the people in southern Africa in 
their just struggle for national liberation and against 
white racist rule. 

We firmly support the people of Asia, Africa and 
Latin America and of all countries in their just struggle 
against superpower aggression, subversion, control, inter- 
ference or bullying. 

Comrades and friends, 

China and Cambodia are very cordial neighbours, 
and our two peoples are near and dear to each other 
like brothers. Sympathizing with and supporting each 
other throughout the protracted struggle against impe- 




rialism, our two peoples have forged a profound revolu- 
tionary friendship. The great victory of the Cambodian 
people is a powerful support and a great encouragement 
to the Chinese people's revolutionary cause. In the years 
to come, the Chinese Government and people will, as 
always, continue to perform our internationahst duty 
and render resolute support to the Cambodian people's 
just struggle to liquidate the remnant forces of the 
lackeys of imperialism and defend their national inde- 
pendence and state sovereignty. We are convinced that 
the Cambodian people, persevering in unity and in 
struggle under the banner of the National United Front 
of Cambodia, will surmount all difficulties and obstacles 
on their road of advance and continue to win new and 
still greater successes. The militant friendship and great 
unity of the Chinese and Cambodian peoples will 
certainly grow stronger and develop further in the new 
historical stage. 

Long live the great victory of the war of people's 
national liberation of the Cambodian people! 

Long live the great friendship and militant unity 
of the Chinese and Cambodian peoples! 



SPEECH BY PRIME MINISTER PENN NOUTH 

AT THE MASS RALLY IN PEKING CELEBRATING 

THE CAMBODIAN PEOPLE'S LIBERATION 

OF PHNOM PENH 

<Apiil 19, 197fi) 



Your Excellency Wang Hung-wen, respected and be- 
loved Vice-Chairman of the Central Committee of 
the Communist Party of China, 

Your Excellency Yeh Chien-ying, respected s^J^d beloved 
Vice-Chairman of the Central Committee of the 
Communist Party of China, Vice-Chairman of the 
Military Commission of the C.P.C. Central Com- 
mittee and Minister of National Defence of the 
People's RepubUc of China, 

Your Excellency Teng Hsiao-ping, respected and be- 
loved Vice-Chairman of the Central Committee of 
the Communist Party of China and Vice-Premier 
of the State Council of the People's Republic of 
China, 

Your Excellency Wu Teh, respected and beloved Chair- 
man of the Peking Municipal Revolutionary Com- 
mittee, 



Your Excellencies, 
leaders, 



10 



respected and beloved Chinese 



U 



lngy 



liiiil 



• • * 



Your Excellency Kim Dong Gyu, respected and beloved 
Vice-President of the Democratic People's Republic 
of Korea, 

Your Excellency Pak Sung Chul, respected and beloved 
Vice-Premier of the Administration Council of the 
Democratic People's Republic of Korea, 

Your Excellencies, respected and beloved Heads of 
Diplomatic Missions, ladies and gentlemen, 

Respected and beloved Chinese brothers and sisters, 

First of all, allow me, on behalf of the Cambodian 
people, the National United Front of Cambodia, the Royal 
Government of National Union of Cambodia and the 
People's Armed Forces of National Liberation of Cam- 
bodia, to express our heartfelt thanks to respected and 
beloved Excellencies, ladies and gentlemen and friends 
who attend this grand rally of the people of Peking 
organized by the Peking Municipal Revolutionary Com- 
mittee to celebrate the liberation of Phnom Penh by the 
Cambodian people and express our thanks to His Ex- 
cellency Yeh Chien-ying for his eloquent words over- 
flowing with revolutionary fraternity for the Cambodian 
nation and people. 

This rally is a new vivid testimony to the militant 
unity and fraternal friendship between the Cambodian 
and Chinese peoples, a new testimony to the manifold 
support and aid accorded by the fraternal Chinese people 
to the Cambodian people's struggle from its beginning to 
complete victory against the U.S. aggressors and their 
lackeys the traitorous clique. 

Under the overwhelming offensive launched by the 
Cambodian people and the People's Armed Forces of 

12 






National Liberation of Cambodia {P.A,F.N.L,C.) in the dry 
season, U.S. imperialism, who is the boss of the traitorous 
clique, fled from Phnom Penh on April 12, 1975, after 
wreaking havoc on our beloved motherland Cambodia 
and committing the most savage crimes against our 
nation and people for more than five years. This con- 
stitutes the proof of the thorough defeat of the U.S. im- 
perialist war of aggression in Cambodia. 

At half past nine on April 17, 1975, our revolutionary 
army completely liberated Phnom Penh, the last den of 
the traitorous clique. 

Thus, the U.S. imperialist aggressors and their 
lackeys were at last completely crushed by the Cambodian 
people and the P.A.F.N.L.C after our armymen and 
civilians, our National United Front of Cambodia 
(N.U.F.C.) and our Royal Government of National Union 
of Cambodia (R.G.N.U.C.) waged a heroic, resolute and 
arduous fight for five years and one month. 

This inspiring and brilliant victory is the greatest 
victory in the history of several thousand years of the 
Cambodian people and nation. 

This victory is due to the correct political line fol- 
lowed firmly and constantly by the Cambodian people, the 
P.A.F.N.L.C., N.U.F.C. and R.G.N.U.C, under a correct 
leadership and their position of independence, sover- 
eignty, and being master of their own destiny, daring to 
surmount all sorts of difficulties, daring to undergo all 
sacrifices and daring to wage a protracted war without 
retreat, compromise or negotiations, for genuine national 
independence, peace, neutrality, non-alignment and ter- 
ritorial integrity. This glorious page in the history of 

13 



Wili 



Cambodia has been written with the: blood and sweat of 
the heroic Cambodian people. 

At the same time, this |*reat victory is due to the 
union and complete unity of the Cambodian people and 
nation in their stinigglc against the U.S. imperialist 
aggressors and their lackeys — a unity from the view- 
point of conception, position, lino and action under the 
ever-victorious banner of the N.U.F.C. with Head of State 
Samdeeh Norodom Sihanouk as its Chairman, Through 
all sorts of tests and the tempest of the war of people's 
national liberation of the Cambodian people, this union 
and this unity have been reinforced and developed until 
complete victory, and will grow stronger and develop 
further in the future. 

This historic victory of the Cambodian people, of the 
P.A.F.N.L.C., N.U.F.C. and R.G.N.U.C. is won with their 
own blood and sweat, but also with the support of all 
people who love peace and justice and of all friendly 
countries in the world. In particular, it is inseparable 
from the manifold assistance in all fields rendered by the 
great leader Chairman Mao Tsetung, the Communist 
Party of China, the Chinese people, and the Chinese 
Government with His Excellency Chou En-lai as its 
Premier. 

The Cambodian people, the P.A.F.N.L.C., N.U.F.C. 
and R.G.N.U.C. will never forget Chairman Mao Tsetung's 
solemn statement of May 20, 1970, which affirms that 
Chairman Mao Tsetung, the Chinese people, the Com- 
munist Party of China and the Chinese Government 
firmly support the Cambodian people, the P.A.F.N.L.C, 
N.U.F.C. and R.G.N.U.C. in their struggle against the U.S. 
imperialist aggressors and the traitorous clique. 

14 



liiiJ 



In our just struggle for people's national liberation, 
the Cambodian people, the P.A.F.N.L.C, N.U.F.C. and 
R.G.N.U.C. have always, whether circumstances were 
favourable or not, and however the situation might 
change, received many-sided support materially, politi- 
cally and morally from Chairman Mao Tsetung, 
Premier Chou En-lai, the Chinese people, the Chinese 
Communist Party and the Chinese Government. In the 
five years and one month of the war of people's national 
liberation of the Cambodian people, the militant unity 
and fraternal friendship between the Cambodian and 
Chine.se peoples have grown stronger and developed in 
all aspects. The People's Republic of China, which is a 
large country with a population of 800 million, has 
rendered Cambodia, a small country with a population 
of only seven million, sincere and unconditional support 
while abiding by the principle of mutual equality and 
respecting the sovereignty and dignity of the ^ambodian 
nation and people. The friendship between the Cam- 
bodian and Chinese peoples is based on the most correct 
principles and sincere unity. This is a brilliant example 
in relations between nations of the world. 

The great victory won by the Cambodian people, the 
P.A.F.N.L.C, N.U.F.C. and R.G.N.U.C clearly bears out 
Chairman Mao Tsetung^s following dictum: "The people 
of a small country can certainly defeat aggression by a 
big country, if only they dare to rise in struggle, dare 
to take up arms and grasp in their own hands the destiny 
of their country.'* 

Therefore, we regard the complete liberation of 
Phnom Penh on April 17, 1975 as a victory of the 
fraternal Chinese people, just as the Cambodian people 



Hili 



regard the victories achieved by the Chinese people in 
their socialist construction as our own. 

Not long ago, Chairman Mao Tsetung reaffirmed 
that the fraternal Cambodian people may rest assured 
that the Chinese people will forever stand by you and 
march forward with you in the struggles ahead. We are 
overjoyed at this. We are convinced that the Cambodian 
people and the fraternal Chinese people will, as before, 
continue to achieve common splendid victories. 

With these sentiments, I wish to extend once again 
to His Excellency Chairman Mao Tsetung, His Excellency 
Premier Chou En-lai, the Chinese people, the Chinese 
Communist Party and the Chinese Government the 
deepest and warmest thanks of the Cambodian people 
the P.A.F.N.L.C, N.U.F.C. and R.G.N.U.C. We are firmly 
convinced that the militant unity and fraternal friendship 
between the Cambodian and Chinese peoples will grow 
stronger and develop continuously. 

1 would like to take this solemn occasion to express 
our heartfelt thanks to the people and governments of 
all friendly countries and all people who love peace and 
justice for their support to the Cambodian people's just 
cause. 

The Cambodian people will continue to support all 
nations and peoples in the world, and particularly the 
Palestinian people and the peoples of Asia, Africa and 
Latin America, in their just war for national liberation 
against all forms of aggression by imperialism, colonial- 
ism and neo-colonialism, until complete victory is won. 

I would like to express my deep thanks to His Ex- 
cellency Wang Hung-wen, His Excellency Yeh Chien- 
16 



liiiiJ 



ymg. His Excellency Teng Hsiao-ping, His Excellency 
Wu Teh, other leaders of the Party and Government of 
the People's Republic of China and the Peking Mu- 
nicipal Revolutionary Committee which has kindly 
organized this grand rally. I would like to thank the 
Heads of Diplomatic Missions for attending this rally. 
I would like to convey my greetings to the people of 
Peking, who are taking part in this rally in great 
numbers. 

Long live the great historic victory of the Cambodian 
people's war of people's national liberation! 

Long live the militant unity and fraternal friendship 
between the Cambodian and Chinese peoples! 



17 




A GREAT HISTORIC VICTORY 

— Warm Congratulations to the Patriotic Cambodian 

Armed Forces and People on tlie Liberation 

of Phnom Penh 

Renmin Rihao (People's Daily) editorial, Aptil 18, 1075 

With the momentum of a landslide and like a whirl- 
wind sweeping away wisps of clouds, the -patriotic 
Cambodian armed forces and people liberated Phnom 
Penh on April 17, 1975. As the Cambodian people^s armed 
forces marched in, the enemy fled in disorder, and the 
people raised thunderous cheers. Opposed by the people 
and deserted by its followers, the traitorous Lon Nol 
clique was totally overthrown. The liberation of Phnom 
Penh and the decisive victory of the Cambodian people's 
just war for national salvation is a brilliant page in the 
annals of Cambodia's struggle for national hberation. It 
marks the beginning of a new historical stage in the 
revolutionary struggle of the Cambodian people. This 
great victory is another great event of far-reaching his- 
toric significance for Asia in the period after World War 
II. It is a great encouragement to the revolutionary 
struggle of the oppressed nations and oppressed peoples 
the world over. With boundless joy, the Chinese people 
extend their warmest congratulations and highest respects 
to the great and heroic Cambodian people. 

i» 




The verdict of history is merciless. When the trai- 
torous Lon Nol clique staged the coup under U.S. in- 
stigation five years ago, they were so inordinately arro- 
gant and unbridled as to think they could swallow up 
the whole of Cambodia at. one go. At that time, U.S. 
imperialism disbursed large amounts of money to aid 
this clique, rushed arms to it and even flagrantly dis- 
patched troops to invade Cambodia. The superpower 
which flies the banner of '^socialism" tore off its dis- 
guise as a supporter of the Cambodian people and staked 
all on the traitorous Lon Nol clique. But their rejoicing 
was premature. After a mere five years the situation 
has changed radically. As the Cambodian people won 
victory after victory in their just war for national salva- 
tion, the traitorous Lon Nol clique rapidly fell apart 
and finally perished in utter disgrace. Superpower though 
it be, the United States had to close its "embassy" in 
Phnom Penh, an act which set the seal of total bankruptcy 
on its policy of aggression. The other superpt^xs^^r hastily 
started singing a different tune and changed its tactics, 
exposing before the world the predicament of a political 
gambler who has lost everything. In a word, these 
reactionaries overestimated their own strength and un- 
derestimated the might of the people. They lifted a rock 
only to smash their own toes. 

The reason why such a great change took place in 
the Cambodian situation in the past five years is that 
the heroic Cambodian people, rallying as one around 
the National United Front of Cambodia with Samdech 
Norodom Sihanouk as Chairman, and the Royal Govern- 
ment of National Union of Cambodia with Samdech Penn 
Nouth as Prime Minister and Khieu Samphan as Deputy 

19 




^^iied brute to^ce^Lt^ZsTcLZT' "'''"' *'^^ 

Cambodian peonle fo,,2t T \^ ^'^^ ^''^''^ ^^^ 

united in batK thTsf f vf ;" fth^ib ^d"'' ""'? 
continued to advance in trij;::^:^,Z^/^ZT 

for nlXr satS; if ^h?"'"''^" ^^°^'^'^ ^'^^ -- 

30 




■ 



1 °,r ' "" "*' ""*'• P'^^'^i^t in struggle and con- 

ttev wi.T'^r' !'r ^'^^^''^ '" *^« ^--e of struggle 
oneL" '""'' ^ '"^^ ^^^"*-"y *<> defeat powcffui 

provJs'thXr'' °' '''^ '^""'°'''^" P^^'P'^'^ struggle 
proves tiiat to gain genuine independence and strive for 

complete liberation, it is essential to build a perpS 

armed force with combat strength and persevere ^ 

peoples war. When the imperialists have forced the^I 

way m, hey cannot bo driven out except by relying on 

he people who take up arms and carry out resolute 

truggi. Nor will thoy become kind-heart/d and serve up 

independence and sovereignty to the oppressed people on 

a silver platter. Only by establishing and developinVthe 

heroism, adhering to a correct line, constantly acc^mulat- 
mg experience and giving full play to the might of 
people's war can the revolutionary armed forces defea 
the counter-revolutionary armed forces. Facts prove tha 
the people's armed forces act like a magic weaoon in 
wmning national liberation and the victory of SuTion 

The experience of the Cambodian people's struselo 
also proves that a just cause is invincible because i eS 
abundant support, while an unjust cau.se has little suppoT 
The Nationa United Front and the Royal Government 

o ?he°"r h"T "' '^'""'^"''^ '•^P^-^'^t the inferos s 
of the Cambodian people. Domestically they are 

Cam'bod "' r^""'^" ^^ ^^^ ^™-^ -'-- of 'he 
Cambodian people and internationally they have won the 

universal sympathy and support of the Indochinese peo! 

21 




■H 



pies, the third world people and all countries and peoples 
which uphold justice throughout the world The Cam- 
bodian people have friends all over the globe. Events 
prove that those who represent progress and justice have 
inexhaustible strength. 

In his statement of May 20, 1970, Chairman Mao 
said: A just cause enjoys abundant support while an 
unjust cause finds little support. A weak nation can 
defeat a strong, a small nation can defeat a big The 
people of a small country can certainly defeat aggres- 
sion by a big country, if only they dare to rise in strug- 
gle, dare to take up arms and grasp in their own hands 
the destiny of their country." The course of the Cam- 
bodian people's great struggle has fully borne out this 
law of history. 

The Cambodian people have won a great historic 
victory. But the tasks facing them will be arduous We 
are convinced that the heroic People's Armed Forces of 
National Liberation of Cambodia will continue to march 
forward from victory to victory and liberate the whole 
country by sweeping away the remnants of the enemy. 
The entire Cambodian people will unite more closely and 
continue their advance so as to win new and greater 
victories in safeguarding national independence, healing 
the wounds of war and building up the motherland. 

The Chinese people and the Cambodian people are 
brotherly comrades-in-arms, dose members of one family 
In the long years of revolutionary, anti-imperialist 
struggle, profound revolutionary friendship and militant 
solidaiity have been forged between our two peoples Our 
friendship is long-tested and indestructible. The Chinese 
22 




people will always stand firmly on the side of the Cam- 
bodian people and resolutely support their just struggle 
They will always be united, fight side by side and win 
victory together with the fraternal Cambodian people 



2.'i 




• • • 



!■! 



BRILLIANT EXAMPLE, PATHWAY TO VICTORY 
— Warmly Greeting the Liberation of Phnom Penh 

Commentary by Hsinhua Correspondent 



Pressing forward irresistibly, the People's Armed 
Forces of National Liberation of Cambodia (P,A,F,NX.C.) 
liberated their national capital, Phnom Penh, on April 17, 
1975. Army and government chieftains of the traitorous 
Phnom Penh clique surrendered one after another. People 
are inspired by the news of victory. 

The liberation of Phnom Penh marked the collapse 
of the traitorous Lon Nol clique and its political regime, 
which were an ulcer on the country and the people. It 
bespoke the complete failure of U.S. imperialist policies 
of aggression and intervention against Cambodia, and 
proclaimed the Cambodian people's winning of a decisive 
victory of great historic significance in their revolutionary 
war for national liberation. Moreover, the liberation of 
Phnom Penh dealt a telling blow to the other superpower, 
which, being hostile to the Cambodian people's struggle, 
colluded with the traitorous Lon Nol clique. 

This signal, historic victory was won with guns by 
the patriotic Cambodian army and people, who defied 
brute force and feared no sacrifices. Five years ago, U.S. 
imperialism instigated the traitorous Lon Nol clique to 
stage a reactionary coup d'etat and then braxenly sent 

24 



■MUli 



its troops to invade Cambodia in a vain attempt to ward 
off total defeat on the Indochinese battlefield. But the 
Cambodian people, with a glorious tradition of struggle, 
were not cowed by the overweening arrogance of U.S. 
imperialism and its lackeys. When dark clouds gathered 
over the land of Cambodia and the future of the nation 
hung in the balance, the Cambodian people determinedly 
took up arms. Rallying around the National United Front 
of Cambodia (N.U.F.C.) with Head of State Samdech 
Norodom Sihanouk as Chairman and the Royal Govern- 
ment of National Union of Cambodia (R.G.N.U.C.) with 
Samdech Fenn Nouth as Prime Minister and Khieu 
Samphan as Deputy Prime Minister, they plunged into 
the just struggle for national salvation. Displaying the 
spirit of revolutionary heroism and of readiness to fight 
the enemy to the last drop of their blood, they wrote a 
magnificent song of victory to people's war. 

For more than five years the Cambodiah people, led 
by the N.U.F.C. and R.G.N.U.C, persisted in the line of 
independence, initiative and self-reliance, the line of na- 
tional union and the line of people's war. Keeping to the 
firm stand of no compromise and no retreat, they waged 
a tit-for-tat struggle against the enemy, shattered its 
various kinds of "peace talks" plots, and achieved one 
great victory after another on the political, military, 
economic and diplomatic fronts. 

Born in the flames of battle, the glorious P.A.F.N.L.C. 
learned warfare through warfare and rapidly grew and 
gained in strength. Closely relying on the people and 
developing the inexhaustible might of people's war, they 
became ever stronger as they fought. They crushed the 
massive intrusions into Cambodia by more than 100,000 

3f3 




U.S. and Saifion aggressor troops, frustrated the continual 
wanton bombings by U.S. planes which flew more than 
35,000 sorties in some 200 days, wiped out the several 
hundred thousand Lon Nol puppet troops equipped with 
modern U.S. arms, and foiled all the war schemes of U.S. 
imperialism and its Phnom Penh lackeys. 

In the course of the war the patriotic Cambodian 
armed forces and people speedily established stable and 
expanding liberated areas to serve as powerful bases for 
their just struggle for national salvation. Organs of 
people's political power at various levels were set up in 
the vast liberated areas, where the people, rifle in one 
hand and hoe in the other, launched a vigorous production 
campaign through which they gradually attained self- 
sufficiency in grain and even built up a surplus. Man- 
power and materials to support the liberation front 
steadily increased. In contrast, the traitorous Lon Nol 
clique^ holed up in a few isolated cities, managed to pro- 
long its feeble existence only thanks to U.S. aid. 

From the beginning of 1975 the patriotic armed forces 
and people of Cambodia fought strategically decisive 
battles against the traitorous Lon Nol clique. With a 
mighty force they swept away the enemy strongholds, 
swiftly cut land and water transport routes to Phnom 
Penh, captured the Pochentong Airport, the only airway 
to and from Phnom Penh, and finally overthrew the 
traitorous Lon Nol clique when they completely liberated 
the city itself. A new Cambodia has grown out of the 
barrel of a gun, a Cambodia where the people are the 
masters of the country. 

The splendid victory won by the Cambodian people 
has demonstrated that a just cause enjoys abundant 

26 



support and is sure to win. At home, the Cambodian 
people of all strata, closely rallying around the banner of 
the N.U.F.C, formed a broadest unity against U.S. im- 
perialism and its Phnom Penh lackeys. The people in 
enemy-held areas closed their ranks and waged continuous 
struggle of various kinds, forming a second front for at- 
tacking the traitorous Lon Nol clique. Internationally, 
the just cause of the Cambodian people has won wide- 
spread sympathy and support from the people of all 
countries and its prestige is growing throughout the world. 

The great victory of the Cambodian people has set 
a brilliant example for the oppressed peoples and 
oppressed nations in their just struggles against foreign 
aggression and for independence and liberation. Cam- 
bodia has a population of only seven million. The Cam- 
bodian people, however, dare to despise the colossus of 
U.S. imperialism, dare to wage a tit-foK-tat struggle 
against it and have scored a magnificent victory. This 
proves to the hilt that "a weak nation can defeat a 
strong, a small nation can defeat a big. The people of a 
small country can certainly defeat aggression by a big 
country, if only they dare to rise in struggle, dare to 
take up arms and grasp in their own hands the destiny 
of their country/' 

Countries want independence, nations want liberation 
and the people want to make revolution. This is an 
irresistible historical trend of our time. The great victory 
of the Cambodian people is certain to greatly inspire the 
people throughout the world to win new victories in their 
struggle against imperialism, colonialism and hegemonism. 



27 




iiliJ 



SALUTE TO OUR HEROIC CAMBODIAN 
COMRADES-IN-ARMS 

The China-Cambodia Friendship People's Commune, Peeking 

When the exciting news came of the liberation of 
Phnom Penh and all Cambodia by the Cambodian people's 
armed forces, we members of the China-Cambodia 
Friendship People's Commune passed it round excitedly 
and rejoiced over it. Filled with revolutionary sentiment, 
we extend our warmest congratulations and highest 
respects to our heroic Cambodian comrades-in-arms. 

Five years ago U.S. imperialism instigated its running 
dogs of the traitorous Lon Nol clique to stage a reactionary 
coup. In no time, dark clouds thickened over Cambodia 
and monsters and freaks ran amuck^ turning the country 
into a hell for the masses of the people. The Cambodian 
people refused to give in to this calamity, however. 
Rallying around the National United Front of Cambodia 
with Samdech Norodom Sihanouk as Chairman and the 
Royal Government of National Union of Cambodia with 
Samdech Penn Nouth as Prime Minister and Khieu 
Samphan as Deputy Prime Minister, they waged a stirring, 
just war for national salvation with indomitable revolu- 
tionary spirit. They won one victory after another and 
finally liberated Phnom Penh and the whole country. 

The Cambodian people's brilliant victory culminating 
in the liberation of Phnom Penh is of enormous signifi- 

2a 



canee. It shows forcefully that the surging tide of revolu- 
tion is thundering ahead in the world today, that gone 
are the days when the imperialists and all reactionaries 
could do as they pleased. If only the invaded and 
oppressed countries and peoples adhere to the correct 
road, dare to take up arms, advance wave upon wave and 
persist in fighting regardless of sacrifice, they can defeat 
the imperialists and all reactionaries despite the enemy's 
truculence and apparent strength. With a population of 
only seven million, Cambodia defeated the U.S. aggres- 
sors and their lackeys through five years of heroic fight- 
ing. This is another convincing proof that the weak can 
defeat the strong and the small can defeat the big. The 
real strength lies in the people of all countries fighting 
for their just cause, not in imperialism and reaction. Once 
a people awakens, gets united and perseveres in struggle, 
no reactionary forces can halt their march forward. 

The Chinese and Cambodian peoples are close 
brothers and comrades-in-arms. In the ma?iy years of 
anti-imperialist struggle the two have always sympathized 
with and supported each other, have always stood together 
in storm and stress. We Chinese people regard support- 
ing the Cambodian people's just struggle as our bounden 
internationalist duty. Every victory won by them has 
been a valuable support and encouragement to us. Since 
the naming of our China-Cambodia Friendship People's 
Commune on November 7, 1971, our relationship with 
the Cambodian comrades-in-arms has become ever closer. 
Subsequent visits by distinguished Cambodian guests 
Samdech Norodom Sihanouk, Prime Minister Penn Nouth, 
Deputy Prime Minister Khieu Samphan and Special 
Adviser leng Sary and others have brought us great en- 

29 





couragement. It excites us still to recall our meetings 
with our Cambodian comrades-in-arms where they told of 
the excellent situation in their just war for national salva- 
tion and some of the glorious deeds arising from their 
unity and struggle. The day of victory longed for by 
the Chinese and Cambodian comrades-in-arms came at 
last! While celebrating the victory we at the same time 
determined, in accordance with Chairman Mao's con- 
sistent teaching, to continue our firm support to the just 
struggle of the Cambodian people. We will grasp revolu- 
tion, promote production, learn from the revolutionary 
fighting spirit of our Cambodian comrades4n-arms and 
win still bigger harvests as our part in supporting their 
just cause. We sincerely wish the Cambodian people new 
and still greater victories. May the friendship between 
the peoples of China and Cambodia remain ever green 
like the pine tiee! 



30 




IN PRAISE OF THE VICTORY OF PEOPLE'S WAR 
Ching Wen 



On April 17, 1975 the People's Armed Forces of 
National Liberation of Cambodia completely liberated 
Phnom Penh, making a clean sweep of the traitorous Lon 
Nol clique and shattering the U.S. imperialist policy of 
aggression against Cambodia. This is a victory of his- 
toric significance in the Cambodian people's struggle for 
national salvation. 

People may remember that spring five years ago 
when, manipulated by U.S. imperialism, a^ handful of 
Cambodian traitors staged a reactionary coup d'etat, 
which was followed up by a large-scale invasion of Cam- 
bodia by U.S. aggressor and Saigon puppet troops. In- 
stantly, reaction ran amuck, monsters and freaks came to 
the fore and terror reigned in Cambodia, turning the 
beautiful land into a stark inferno, The heroic Cambodian 
people, however, refused to bow down and be subjugated. 
Rallying closely around the National United Front of 
Cambodia (N.U.F.C) with Head of State Samdech 
Norodom Sihanouk as Chairman, and the Royal Govern- 
ment of National Union of Cambodia (R.G.N.U.C.) with 
Samdech Penn Nouth as Prime Minister and Khieu 
Samphan as Deputy Prime Minister, they launched an 
earth-shaking, just struggle for national salvation. After 
five years of extremely arduous struggle, they finally de- 

31 




*> 



feated U.S. imperialism and its lackeys, scoring a dudsive 
victory in their national-liberation war. 

The key to the Cambodian people's winning such a 
splendid victory is their adherence to the stand of no 
compromise and no retreat, and to the correct line of in- 
dependence, initiative and self-reliance and of waging 
people's war. And this is why, in the past five years, they 
frustrated all enemy plots and advanced from victory to 
victory on the military, political, diplomatic and economic 
fronts. 

The splendid victory of the Cambodian national- 
liberation war is a majestic song of praise to people's war. 
From the very start, the N.U.F.C. made it entirely clear 
that armed struggle was the Cambodian people's only road 
to victory and the realization of their aspirations. The 
N.U.F.C. called on the people of various strata to take up 
arms in struggle and, in the flames of battle, an army of 
the people was born. This people's army grew rapidly in 
strength, developing into a mighty force made up of reg- 
ular and local forces and guerrilla units. Sweeping over 
the length and breadth of Cambodia, this army waged 
people's war everywhere from both banks of the Mekong 
River to the lake shore of the Tonle Sap and from the 
Dangrck Mountains to the coast on the Gulf of Siam, 
forming a vast sea in which to drown the enemy. The 
patriotic armymen and civilians of Cambodia learned 
warfare through warfare, summing up their experience 
from time to time in order to perfect their strategy and 
tactics. In this way they became stronger and stronger in 
the course of war. They wiped out great numbers of 
enemy effectives and put to rout the several hundred 
thousand Lon Nol puppet troops, till their total destruc- 

32 




tion. The patriotic armymen and civilians established 
bases in the countryside and gradually expanded and con- 
solidated the liberated areas, forcing the enemy to en- 
trench itself in a number of besieged cities and towns. 
They proceeded then to capture all these isolated enemy 
points, including Phnom Penh, lair of the traitorous Lon 
Nol clique, and finally seized nation-wide victory. The 
triumph of the Cambodian people's just war of national 
salvation fully demonstrates the might of people's war. 
Little wonder that the victorious course of the Cambodian 
people's struggle is described in the Western bourgeois 
press as the most enigmatic among the revolutionary wars 
in the world. In fact, the "enigma" is by no means dif- 
ficult to solve. For the N.U.F.C. mobilized the people 
and relied on them in waging a genuine people's war. 
When an awakened people in their millions are mobilized 
and organized, when they rise in arms and keep to the 
correct road, they can grow from weak td^rong and 
become a force capable of defeating any powerful enemy. 
Within the short span of five years the Cambodian people 
completely defeated the traitorous Phnom Penh clique 
supported by U.S. imperialism, overthrew its autocratic 
rule and gave Cambodia a new life — further and striking 
proof that people's war is a most effective weapon in 
the hands of oppressed nations and peoples for dealing 
with imperialism and reaction. 

The splendid victory of the Cambodian national- 
liberation war is also due to the seven million Cambodian 
people uniting as one in their struggle. When the hand- 
ful of traitors attempted, five years ago, to turn an in- 
dependent, peaceful and neutral Cambodia into a colony 
serving U.S. imperialism by launching a reactionary coup, 

33 



■ 




they placed themselves in a position antagonistic to the 
entire Cambodian people. To uphold national independ- 
ence, overthrow the autocratic rule and strive for na- 
tional liberation became the common demand of the vast 
masses of the people. It was on this common political 
ground that a broad united front against U.S. imperiaHsm 
and its lackeys was formed. Raising high the banner 
of national hberation, the N.U.F.C., which came into being 
at a critical juncture in the existence of the Cambodian 
nation, rallied and organized into a mighty army all 
patriotic forces including workers, peasants, the petty 
bourgeoisie, the national bourgeoisie, patriotic members 
of the Royal House, intellectuals, Buddhist clergy and 
patriotic personages. This isolated the enemy as never 
before. It was in the dragnet formed by the whole people 
that the traitorous Phnom Penh regime, battered by the 
people's armed forces and confronted with the heroic 
resistance of the people in enemy-occupied areas, went to 
its doom at increasing speed. 

The splendid victory of the Cambodian national- 
liberation war was won by the Cambodian people carrying 
forward the spirit of dauntlessness and persevering in the 
arduous and staunch struggles. The N.U.F.C. held fast 
to the policy of independence, initiative and self-reliance, 
relying primarily on its own strength. Under its leader- 
ship, the broad masses of patriotic armymen and civilians 
in the past few years established stable revolutionary 
bases in the liberated areas, launched production drives 
for solving the problems of food, clothing and other daily 
necessities, and armed themselves with weapons captured 
from the enemy. In this way they overcame all difficul- 
ties and remained impregnable. 

34 



The victory of the Cambodian national-liberation war 
is also the common victory of all the world's people. The 
just struggle of the Cambodian people for national salva- 
tion has been an important component part of the struggle 
against imperialism and hegemonism waged by the people 
of the third world and of the entire world. The struggle 
and victory of the Cambodian people are a great contribu- 
tion to the revolutionary, anti-imperialist cause of the 
people of all countries and have won their universal 
sympathy and support. The revolutionary people of ai] 
countries have resolutely sided with the Cambodian 
people. When times were most difficult for the Cam- 
bodian people, many countries that stand for justice ex- 
tended recognition to the E.G.N.U.C., which represents 
the interests of the Cambodian people, as the sole legal 
government of the Cambodian people. As for the two 
superpowers, one brazenly pushed its policy of aggression, 
openly using U.S. dollars, weapons and even It^troops to 
buttress and aid the Phnom Penh puppet regime; the 
other put its stake on a handful of national traitors 
spurned by the Cambodian people and, consorting over 
the years with the Phnom Penh puppet regime, tried to 
undermine the just cause of the Cambodian people for 
national salvation. Both, however, were only lifting 
rocks to drop on their own toes, and both ended up 
ignominiously. 

The great victory of the Cambodian people is a shin- 
ing example of a small nation defeating a big one, of a 
weak nation besting a strong one, Five years ago the 
Cambodian people rose in arms with almost nothing to 
start with. But, as a heroic people, they dared to despise 
the apparently strong enemy and take up arms to fight 

35 



against it. Sapping the enemy's strength while building 
up their own, they grew from weak to strong and finally 
inflicted total defeat on the enemy. Though U.S. im- 
perialism in the past five years threw several thousand 
million dollars down the drain of the traitorous Phnom 
Penh clique, rained hundreds of thousands of tons of 
bombs on Cambodian soil and even intervened with more 
than 100,000 of its own and Saigon puppet troops, it could 
not rescue the traitorous Phnom Penh clique from ex- 
tinction, nor could it avert its own defeat. The glorious 
deeds of the Cambodian people are a great inspiration to 
all oppressed nations and peoples as well as all small and 
weak countries which are victims of aggression. 

The heroic struggle and great victory of the Cam- 
bodian people are of profound historic significance Their 
experience, gained at the cost of blood, will become a 
treasure common to the revolutionary people of the world 
Their national-liberation struggle having entered a new 
historical stage, the Cambodian people, who have been 
steeled in the flames of war, will certainly continue to 
hold high the banner of national liberation and forge 
ahead to win new, still greater victories! 



3d 




• * •