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manifold defined being and none of its zealous " individu-
ality " can kelp it to win substance.
There are not two kinds of man, but two poles of
No man is pure person and no man pure individuality.
None is wholly real, and none wholly unreal. Every man
lives in the twofold I. But there are men so defined
by person that they may be called persons, and men
so defined by individuality that they may be called
individuals. True history is decided in the field
between these two poles.
The more a man, humanity, is mastered by individu-
ality, the deeper does the I sink into unreality. In
such times the person in man and in humanity leads a
hidden subterranean and as it were cancelled existence—
till it is recalled.
The stronger the I of the primary word I-Thou is
in the twofold I, the more personal is the man.
According to his saying of I—according to what he
means, when he says I—it can be decided where a man
belongs and where his way leads. The word I is the
true shibboleth of mankind.
So listen to this word!
How discordant the I of the individual! It may stir
great compassion if it comes from lips compressed in
the tragedy of concealed self-contradiction. It may rouse
horror if it comes chaotically from lips that wildly,
heedlessly, unsuspectingly, show forth the contradiction.
If it comes idly and glibly it is painful or disagreeable.
He who speaks the separated I, with emphasis on the