8 JOURNEYS IN PEESIA LETTER XVI hostages in the capital for the good behaviour of their clans. There they learn a few words of French and English, along with pure Persian and Arabic, and the few other branches of the education of a Persian noble. They are fine inanly boys, and ride and shoot well from an early age. But the worst of them is that they never are " boys." They are little men, with the stiffness and elaboration of manner which the more important Khans have copied STOVE LI OX AND GUIDE. from the Persians, and one can never fancy their abandon- ing themselves to " miscellaneous impulses." Killa Bazuft, Bazuft Valley, June 18.—A few days ago we left the last village of the region behind, to enter upon a country not laid down in any maps. It is a wild land of precipitous mountain ranges, rising into summits from 11,000 to 13,000 feet high, enclosing- valleys and gorges or canons of immense depth, some of them only a few feet wide, a goodly land in part, watered by springs and streams, and green with herbage and young wheat, and in part naked, glaring, and horrible.