164 JOURNEYS IN PEBSIA LETTER xxiv Sartip Keza Khan told me it would be a matter of regret to all except a few fanatics if the ladies were to leave the city. From the Prince Governor downwards courtesy and kindness are shown to them, and their philanthropic and educational work is approved in the highest quarters, though they never blink the fact that they are prosely- tisers.1 There is an Armenian Protestant congregation with a native pastor and a fine church, and nothing shows more plainly the toleration which prevails in Hamadan than the number of Moslems to be seen every Sunday at the morning service, which is in Persian. In this church total abstinence is a "term of communion," and unfer- mented wine is used in the celebration of the Eucharist. This wine is very delicious, and has the full flavour and aroma of the fresh grape even after being three years in bottle. It is not boiled, as much " unfermented wine " 1 Since I returned I have "been asked more than once, "What are the results of missions in Hamadan ?" Among those which appear on the surface are the spiritual enlightenment of a number of persons whose minds were blinded by the gross and childish superstitions and the inconceiv- able ignorance into which the ancient church of S. Gregory the Illumi- nator has fallen. The raising of a higher standard of morals among the Armenians, so that a decided stigma is coining to be attached to drunken- ness and other vices. The bringing the whole of the rising generation of Armenians under influences which in all respects "make for righteous- ness." The elevation of a large number of women into being the com- panions and helps rather than the drudges of men. The bestowing upon boys an education which fits them for any positions to which they may aspire in Persia and elsewhere, and creates a taste for intellectual pursuits. The introduction of European medicine and surgery, and the bringing them within the reach of the poorest of the people. The breaking down of some Moslem prejudices against Christians. The gradually ameliorat- ing influence exercised by the exhibition of the religion of Jesus Christ in purity of life, in ceaseless benevolence, in truthfulness and loyalty to engage- ments, in kind and just dealing, in temperance and self-denial, and the many virtues which make up Christian discipleship, and the dissemination in the city and neighbourhood of a higher teaching on the duties of common life, illustrated by example, not in fits and starts, but through years of loving and patient labour.