LETTER xxix "FAITHFUL UNTO DEATH" 313 tions of dust, the darkness and the gloom of the Syrian churches, of which this one is a favourable specimen, typi- fying, I fear, too truly the gross ignorance, indifference, and superstition in which bishops, priests, and people are buried. And yet they are " faithful unto death." My daily wonder is that people who know so little will for that little suffer the loss of all things. Apostasy would be immediate emancipation from terror and ruin, but it is nearly unknown. Their churches are like the catacombs. Few things can be more pathetic than a congregation standing in the dark and dismal nave, kissing the common wooden cross, and passing from hand to hand the kiss of peace, while the priest, in dress like their own, with girdle and stole of the poorest material, moves among the ancient Liturgies in front of the dusty sanc- tuary, leading the worshippers in prayers and chants which have come down from the earliest ages of Chris- tianity ; from the triumphant Church of the East to the persecuted remnant of to-day. I. L. B.